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Full text of "The Victoria history of the county of Surrey"

JFoi 



FOUNDED BY 



GOLDWiN SMITH 
HARRIET SA\ITM 



J 



k ?r, 



/ 



ZTbe Dictotia Ifotetone of the 
Counties of England 

EDITED BY WILLIAM PAGE, F.S.A. 



A HISTORY OF 
SURREY 

VOLUME III 



THE 

VICTORIA HISTORY 

OF THE COUNTIES 
OF ENGLAND 



SURREY 




LONDON 

CONSTABLE AND COMPANY LIMITED 



This History is issued to Subscribers only 

By Constable & Company Limited 

and printed by Eyre & Spottiswoode Limited 

H.M. Printers of London 



INSCRIBED 

TO THE MEMORY OF 

HER LATE MAJESTY 

QUEEN VICTORIA 

WHO GRACIOUSLY GAVE 

THE TITLE TO AND 

ACCEPTED THE 

DEDICATION OF 

THIS HISTORY 



THE 

VICTORIA HISTORY 

OF THE COUNTY OF 

SURREY 

EDITED BY './,, 

H. E. MALDEN, M.A. 

(Hon. Fellow of Trinity Ha/I} 



VOLUME THREE 




H / 

%/l 
.s I 

c^ 

\ ~y \ 
\ \\ 



LONDON c> 

CONSTABLE AND COMPANY LIMITED 

IpII 



DA 

670 



v.3 



CONTENTS OF VOLUME THREE 



Dedication 

Contents 

List of Illustrations 

List of Maps . 

Editorial Note 

Topography . 



Godalming Hundred . 

Introduction . 
Arlington 
Chiddingfold . 
Compton . 
Godalming . . 

Hambledon . . 
Haslemere 

Peper Ha row . 
Puttenham 
Thursley . 
Witley . 

Blackheath Hundred 

Introduction 
Albury 
Alfold 
Bramley . 
Cranleigh 
Dunsfold . 
Ewhurst . 
Hascombe 

St. Martha's or Chil- 
worth . 



PAGE 

V 



Xlll 



XV111 



General descriptions by H. E. MALDEN, M.A. ; Manorial 
descents compiled under the superintendence of WILLIAM 
PAGE, F.S.A., and H. E. MALDEN, M.A. ; Architectural 
descriptions except where otherwise stated compiled under 
the superintendence of C. R. PEERS, M.A., F.S.A., by 
J. MURRAY KENDALL, J. W. BLOB, and C. C. DURSTON of 
the Architectural Staff; Heraldic drawings and blazon 
by Rev. E. E. DORLING, M.A., F.S.A. 

Architectural descriptions by PHILIP M. JOHNSTON, F.S.A. 
By LILIAN J. REDSTONE, B.A. ..... 

Manorial descents by LILIAN J. REDSTONE .... 



n 
n 



I 

3 

10 
16 



History of borough and manorial descents by LILIAN J. 

REDSTONE ......... 24 

Manorial descents by LILIAN J. REDSTONE .... 42 
History of borough and manorial descents by LILIAN J. 

REDSTONE ..... -45 

Manorial descents by LILIAN J. REDSTONE .... 49 

,, . . 5* 

,, 59 

61 

Architectural descriptions by PHILIP M. JOHNSTON, F.S.A., 
except Ewhurst, by Architectural Staff. 

By LILIAN J. REDSTONE, B.A. ...... 70 

Manorial descents by LILIAN J. REDSTONE .... 72 

77 

.... 80 

. 86 

. 92 

97 

102 



104 



IX 



CONTENTS OF VOLUME THREE 



Topography (continued) 

Blackheath Hundred (continued) 



Shalford . 
Shere 
Wonersh . 

Wotton Hundred 
Introduction 

Abinger . 
Capel 

Dorking . 

Ockley . 

Wotton . 

Reigate Hundred 

Introduction 
Betchworth 
Buckland . 
Burstow . 
Charlwood 
Chipstead . 
Gatton 

Horley 
Leigh 

M erst ham 
Nutfield . 
Reigate . 

Copthorne Hundred , 
Introduction 
Ashtead . 
Banstead . 

Chessington 
Cuddington 
Epsom 
Ewell 
Fetcham . 
Headley . 
Letherhead 
Mickleham 



Manorial descents by LILIAN J. REDSTONE 



PACE 



107 
ii I 

121 



Architectural descriptions by PHILIP M. JOHNS'TON, F.S.A., 

except Abinger, by Architectural Staff. 
By DOROTHY W. SPRULES, Oxford Honours School of Modern 

History 
Manorial descents by Dorothy W. SPRULES .... 



Architectural descriptions by Architectural Staff, except 
Betchworth, Horley, Merstham, and Reigate by PHILIP 
M. JOHNSTON, F.S.A. 

By DOROTHY L. POWELL, Modern Language Tripos 

Manorial descents by DOROTHY L. POWELL 



History of borough and manorial descents by LILIAN J. 
REDSTONE, B.A ........ 

Manorial descents by DOROTHY L. POWELL .... 
VALENTINA HAWTREY 

99 99 99 .... 

DOROTHY L. POWELL .... 

History of borough and manorial descents by LILIAN J. 
REDSTONE, B.A. ........ 

Architectural descriptions by Architectural Staff. 

By HENRIETTA L. E. GARBETT ...... 

Manorial descents by ELIZA B. MILLER .... 

DOROTHY L. POWELL, Modern Language 
Tripos 

WINIFRED RAY, B.A. .... 

99 99 99 > 

ELIZA B. MILLER .... 

99 99 99 99 ' 

WINIFRED RAY, B.A .... 
VALENTINA HAWTREY .... 
EMILY G. ALLINCHAM 



128 
129 

'34 
141 

150 
54 



165 
166 

173 
176 
182 
189 

196 
200 
208 
213 

222 

229 

246 
247 

252 
263 
266 

271 
2 7 8 
284 
290 

2 93 
301 



CONTENTS OF VOLUME THREE 



PACK 



Topography (continued) 

Copthorne Hundred (continued) 



Newdigate (part of) . 
Walton-on-the-Hill . 


Manorial descents by VALENTINA HAWTREY .... 


310 
315 


Effingham Hundred . 


Architectural descriptions by Architectural Staff. 




Introduction 


By WINIFRED RAY, B.A. ....... 


320 


Effingham 


Manorial descents by WINIFRED RAY, B.A. 


321 


Great Bookham 


99 99 99 99 


326 


Little Bookham 


99 99 99 


335 


Woking Hundred . . 


Architectural descriptions by Architectural Staff. 




Introduction 


By DOROTHY W. SPRULES, Oxford Honours School of Modern 
History ........ 


339 


Ash ... 


Manorial descents by DOROTHY W. SPRULES 


34 


East Clandon . 


99 99 99 99 ... 


344 


West Clandon . 


99 99 99 99 ... 


346 


East Horsley 


99 99 99 99 ... 


349 


West Horsley . 


99 99 99 99 ... 


353 


Merrow . 


99 99 99 99 ... 


357 


Ockham . 


99 99 99 99 ... 


3S 9 


Pirbright . 


99 99 99 99 ... 


363 


Send with Ripley 


99 99 99 99 ... 


365 


Stoke next Guildford . 


99 99 99 99 ... 


37' 


Wanborough 


99 99 99 99 ... 


374 


Windlesham 


99 99 99 99 ... 


376 


Wisley . 


99 99 99 99 ... 


378 


Woking . 


99 99 99 99 ... 


381 


Worplesdon 


99 99 99 99 ... 


39 


Godley Hundred 


Architectural descriptions by Architectural Staff, except Pyr- 
ford by PHILIP M. JOHNSTON, F.S.A. 




Introduction 


By DOROTHY L. POWELL, Modern Language Tripos 


396 


Bisley 


Manorial descents by DOROTHY L. POWELL . 


398 


Byfleet . 


99 99 99 99 


399 


Chertsey . . . 


99 99 99 99 ... 


403 


Chobham . . . 


99 99 99 99 ... 


4 J 3 


Egharn 


99 99 99 99 ... 


419 


Horsell . 


99 n 99 99 ... 


4^7 


Pyrford . 


99 99 99 99 ... 


43' 


Thorpe . 


99 99 99 99 ... 


437 


Klmbridge Hundred . 


Architectural descriptions by Architectural Staff. 




Introduction 


By HENRIETTA L. E. GARBETT ...... 


441 


Cobham . 


Manorial descents by MARGARET E. CORNFORD 


442 


Esher 


99 99 99 99 ' 


447 



XI 



CONTENTS OF VOLUME THREE 

PAGE 

Topography (continued) 

Elmbridge Hundred (continued') 

East and West Molesey Manorial descents by MARGARET E. CORNFORD . 45 1 

Stoke D'Abernon . -457 

Thames Ditton . . ,, 4 6z 

Walton -on-Thames . 47 

Weybridge . ,, > 475 

Kingston Hundred . . Architectural descriptions by Architectural Staff. 

Introduction . . By HENRIETTA L. E. GARBETT . . 48 1 

Kew . . General description and manorial descents by VALENTINA 

HAWTREY ... .482 

Kingston-upon-Thames History of borough and manorial descents by HENRIETTA 

L. E. GARBETT ... 487 

Long Ditton . . Manorial descents by EMILY G. ALLINGHAM . . .516 

Maiden ... ... 523 

Petersham . . WINIFRED RAY, B.A. . . 5 2 5 

Richmond, anciently 

Sheen . . . General description and manorial descents by MARION 

WESTON, History Tripos . . . . . -533 

Guildford Borough . . Architectural descriptions by Architectural Staff, except Guild- 
ford Castle by L F. SALZMANN, B.A. ; History of the 
borough by DOROTHY W. SPRULES, Oxford Honours School 
of Modern History ....... 547 



XII 



LIST OF ILLUSTRATIONS 



PAGE 

The Thames at Runnymede. By WILLIAM HYDE Frontispiece 

Arlington : Loseley House : Principal Front View . . ~) 

full-page plate, facing 
Chalk Mantelpiece in Drawing-room J 

Chiddingfold : The Crown Inn . . ") 

Church : Nave looking East in 1868, before restoration .) 

Plan . . 13 

from the South-east in 1868, before restoration ) 

I full-page plate, facing 14. 
South-west in 1868, before restoration) 

Compton : Old Inn .......... .16 

The Coffee Tavern 1 8 

Church from the South-east . . . . . . . . . .21 

Plan . . 22 

The Tower, showing straight joint of pre-Conquest 1 

Nave Quoin 

, o > full-page plate, facing 22 

Chancel and Sanctuary Arches, showing 12th-century 

balustrade in Upper Chapel . , . ., 
Godalming : Old Timber-framed House . . . . . . . . . 25 

Eashing Bridge . .......... 27 

Shackleford : Old Cider Press House at Hall Place 28 

The White Hart 29 

Old Brick Houses ............ 36 

Shackleford : The Old Garden, Hall Place 33 

Church from the East ........... 34 

Ground Plan . . . . . . . . . . -37 

Pre-Conquest Fragments . . . . . . . . -39 

Painted Decoration .......... 40 

Puttenham Common, looking to Hindhead . . . . . . . . . -53 

Puttenham ............... 54 

Shoelands Manor House .......... .56 

Church : Ground Plan . . . . . . . . . . -57 

Thursley : St. Michael's Church : Plan before the Enlargements of 1860, &c. ... 59 

Chancel Arch ......... 60 

The Font . . . 61 

Witley : Cottages South-east of the Church 62 

The White Hart ........ full-page plate, facing 62 

Church : Ground Plan ........... 67 

Albury Church : Plan ............. 75 

Old Church : The Porch 76 

from the South-east in 1875, before the Chancel) 

was unroofed . . . . . . ! full-page plate, facing 76 

Dunsfold Church : Thirteenth-century Pews . . . . . ) 

Alfold : Old House ... 78 

Church : Plan ............. 79 

Bramley : Old Houses ... 8 1 

xiii 



LIST OF ILLUSTRATIONS 

PAGE 

Cranleigh Church : Plan . 

Dunsfold Church from the South-east . 

Plan ... .96 

Albury : The Grange, formerly Cook's Place j ..'... full-page plate, facing 100 
Ewhurst Church : West Porch . ) 

St. Martha's or Chilworth Chapel : Plan . 

View showing St. Martha's Hill . j ... fall-page plate, facing 106 

St. Martha's Chapel from the South-west) 
Shere Village . 

Church : Tower and Chancel looking East . | _ _ full-page plate, facing 118 

Hascomb Church from the North-west before rebuilding ) 
Wonersh : Shamley Green : The Post Office . .122 

Village . ) full-page plate, facing 122 

Shamley Green : Old Houses . ) 

Church from the North . . 

Plan . 
Abinger : Crossways Farm House ... 

Mill House . 3 2 

Parkhurst. . j ... full-page plate, facing 134 

Church : Nave looking East J 

Capel : Bonet's Farm . " 

Dorking : Old Market House, pulled down in i8l3\ 

Milton Court, c. 1845 . "4* 

Staircase, c. 1845 . 

Abinger Church from the South-east, c. 1845 . \ 

Dorking: St. Martin's Church : Choir, c. 1845. > . H 8 

'Chancel, c. 1845) 

Ockley Green : Well, c, 1845 ~) 

[. ....... 'i u 

Dorking Church, before 1835 j 

Ockley Church : South Porch . . ) 

f ...... '5* 

Wall of Nave i 

Wotton Church : The West Tower from the South . . . 1 5 5 

House in 1640 (two views) ... . full-page plates, facing 156 

Chapel of St. John the Baptist, Okewood, from the South-west . 158 

Church: Plan '59 

from the South-east, ,.1845 } _ fall-page plate, facing .60 
House ... . J 

Okewood Chapel : Plan ... 162 

Burstow : St. Bartholomew's Church : Plan , . . . .181 

Charlwood Church from the North-east . . .183 

St. Nicholas's Church : Plan . . . . .187 

Church : Fourteenth-century Window in Nave ) . , . 

' . . full-page plate, facing 188 

Chipstead Church : The Font . . 3 

from the South-west . . . . .190 
St. Margaret's Church : Plan . -194 

Church : The Chancel . ~) 

,,.,. full-page plate, facing 194 

Charlwood Church : Nave looking East ) 

Gatton Church : The Pulpit | 

... c ....... ,, 198 

West Screen ) 



LIST OF ILLUSTRATIONS 



PAGE 

Merstham : St. Katherine's Church : Plan .......... 218 

Church from the South-east ") 

,.,._ ..... full-page plate, facing 218 
West Door of Tower 3 

Nutfield Church from the South-east . . . . . . . 226 

Plan ............. 227 

,, Nave looking East ....... full-page plate, facing 228 

Reigate : St. Mary Magdalen's Church : Plan ......... 239 

Church : South Arcade of Nave ) 

, T . TV ^> i XT it- full-page plate, facing 240 
Westernmost Pier Capital in Nave Arcade ) 

Ashtead Church from the South-east . . . . . . . . . . .251 

Banstead Church : Plan ............. 260 

Capital of Nave Arcade . . . . . . . . . .261 

Nave looking East } 

T, ,/-.,, r o ... full-page plate, facing 262 
Epsom Parish Church from the North-east m 1824. ) 

Chessington Church : Plan ............ 265 

Cuddington : Nonsuch Palace in 1611 . . . . . . full-page p/ate, facing 268 

,, ,,........ 270 

Fetcham Church : Plan ............. 288 

Nave looking North-east ..... full-page plate, facing 288 

South Arcade of the Nave, showing Early Window . . . . .289 

Letherhead : The ' Running Horse '........... 294 

Swan Inn : Front View 1 

Back View i ' ****&>**,&** 294 

Church : Plan ............ 298 

Nave looking East ) 

Bridge | full-page plate, facing 300 

Mickleham : Course of the River Mole, showing the larger ' Swallows ' . . . . . 302 

Burford Bridge Hotel from Garden ..... full-page plate, facing 302 

' Old House ' : West Front "\ 

East Front J 

Church : Plan ............ 307 

West Tower and Porch ......... 308 

Burford Bridge and Box Hill (early igth century) ") 

,,,,_,,.., > . full-page plate, facing 308 
Church : Chancel Arch ..... ) 

Walton-on-the-Hill : Manor House : Plan . . . . . . . . . .318 

Church : The Leaden Font .... full-page plate, facing 3 1 8 

Great Bookham Church from the South-west . . . . . . . . .327 

Slyfield House . .......... 320 

,, Outbuildings ......... 339 

Ceiling of Bedroom over Dining-room "j 

>, ,, Hall and Dining- Y full-page plate, facing 330 

room . .) 
St. Nicholas's Church : Plan . . . . . . . . .331 

Church looking South-west ....") 

Inscribed Stone in East Wall of Chancel 1 ' f""-f^ P^e, facing ^ 

Little Bookham Church : Plan ............ 337 

from the South-east 1 

Nave looking East }' ' ****&*>*** 33 

East Clandon Church : Plan ............ 34.5 

Xv c 



PAGE 



LIST OF ILLUSTRATIONS 

East Clandon Church : The Chancel . . j ... full-page plate, facing 346 

West fr m the East in 1824 3 

Pkn 348 

n 

Clandon Park j full-page plate, facing 350 

East Horsley : Horsley Towers ) 

West Horsley Church from the South-west . 

West Porch . . 35 6 

Place ... I full-page plate, facing 356 

Church : Nave looking East ) 
Ockham Church : Plan . . .... 362 

East Window 1 ... full-page plate, facing 362 
Nave looking East ) 

Send : Newark Priory : Plan . ... 37 

South Transept and Presbytery from South-east j fau . page platejacing ^ 

from South-west . . ) 

Church : Plan . -369 

Ripley Church : Plan of Chancel . . -37 

Ockham Church from the South-east j < full-page pkte, facing 370 
Send Church from the South-east ) 

Wanborough Church : East Window . . 374 

Plan . 375 

Wisley Church from the South-east . . -379 

Plan -380 

91 fr * ldil 

' 1 full-page plate, facing 380 

Nave looking East ) 

Woking : Button Place : South or the Garden Front } 

n 1 1 1 I O 1- I ' ' " " 

Quadrangle looking South } 

Details of a Bay Window . . | 

Panels over Entrance to Great Hall ) 

Plan . . ... . ... 385 

Interior of Great Hall full-page plate, facing 386 



The Long Gallery . . 

Stairhead leading to Long Gallery 









Church : Plan ............. 388 

from the South-east ") 

w [ ...... full-page plate, facing 388 

Nave looking West ) 

Worplesdon : Half- timber Cottages ........ . . . 391 

Ripley Church : The Chancel . . ") 

?. . full-pott plate, facme 304 
Worpiesdon Church : Nave looking East ) 

Bisley Church : West Porch ........ 402 

Chertsey Abbey : Plan, Fourteenth Century ..... 404 

Chobham Church : Nave, showing Early Windows ........ 417 

Plan ............. 418 

West Porch . . .") 

, , . [ ..... full-page plate, facing 418 
South Aisle and Chapel ) 

Byfleet Church from the South-east ....... 420 

Pyrford Church from the North-east . ...... . . . .432 

Plan . -434 

The Porch ............ 435 



LIST OF ILLUSTRATIONS 



ay } 

. ) 



Thorpe Village 

Cobham Church : Style House .. 

Plan ... 

Twelfth-century Doorway 

Esher Tower ..... 

Place: East View in 1737 ~> 

Old Church, looking East } 

Stoke D'Abernon Church before 1866 : Plan . . . 

South Door, now blocked up, and Sundial 

Norbury Chapel ..... 

Thames Ditton Church : The Font ... . 

Walton-on-Thames : Manor House ...... 

" " " Bndge ' .. 

Stoke D'Abernon Church : Nave looking East 3 

Walton-on-Thames : Manor House : Plan . . ... 

.. 

Nave looking East 3 

Kew Palace ........ 

Kingston-upon-Thames . . . . . 

Old Bridge, pulled down ,828j 

Market Place ... 3 

High Street . 
St. Mary Magdalen's Chapel, formerly used 

as the Grammar School 
St. Mary Magdalen's Chapel, used as the 

School Gymnasium 

Clattering Bridge . } 

n King John's Dairy, demolished in 1884 ) 

Market Place (early 1 8th century) . . 

Church : Nave looking East . ") 

East end of North Chapel 5 



Long Ditton Rectory from the South-west .. 
Maiden Church from the South-east in 1 809 
Petersham : Ham House : North Front .. 
Door of North Front 

South Front 

Cabal Room 

Drawing-room 

The Staircase 
Richmond: The Terrace . . 

Palace in 1611 .. 

The Gateway ] 
) 



The Trumpeters 







Green: East View of King Henry VII Palace in 1737 
General View from Twickenham Park in 1755 
West View from the Star and Garter . 



PAGE 

. 437 

44 2 

-445 

fuU -p ag e plate, facing 446 



. . 

full-page plate, facing 


.... 

full-page plate, facing 


full-page plate, facing 



. 

full-page plate, facing 



459 

460 

4 66 
468 

468 

47 
474 

4 8z 
488 

488 
49' 



full-page plate, facing 492 






JJ ' 


500 


> 


508 


. 


509 


. 


5.6 


full-page plate, facing 


524 


. 


526 


full-page plate, facing 


526 





528 


full-page plate, facing 


528 


99 


530 


> 


534 


> . 


534 












xv 



LIST OF ILLUSTRATIONS 



I'Al.E 



Richmond Palace from the Green . ) full-page plate, facing 540 

from the River in 1562 . ) 

. j, 54 

Guildford: Plan, c. 1738 .. 

Abbot's Hospital : Front View . 

Plan of Abbot's Hospital . . . 

Abbot's Hosp,tal : Courtyard . full-page plate, facing 55 o 

High Street . 

Grammar School ) ... full- page plate, facing 552 

Town Hall . ) ' 

St. Mary's Church : North Doorway j .... ,. 554 

'Old House in Quarry Street . . ) 
' Castle : Plan . 

Keep: Plan .... 

Exterior ") full-page plate, facing 556 

Interior ) 

" CCq 

from the South-west 

" " n I 

House opposite St. Nicholas's Church 
St. Mary's Church : Plan 

Angel Hotel : Crypt j ... full-page plate, facing 564 

St. Mary's Church : North Chapel . 3 



LIST OF MAPS 

Index Map to the Hundred of Godaiming 



Blackheath .... 


71 


Wotton ... 


. 128 


Rci te 


. ,65 


Copthorne . . 


246 


Effingham . . 


. 320 


Woking .... 


- 339 


Godley 


397 


Elmbridge . . 


44' 


Kingston ... . . . . 


. 481 



xvni 



EDITORIAL NOTE 

THE Editor wishes to thank all those who have kindly assisted him by 
reading the proofs of this volume and have otherwise helped in passing 
the pages through the Press, particularly Mr. A. R. Bax, F.S.A. ; the 
Rev. T. S. Cooper, M.A., F.S.A. ; Mr. Julian S. Corbett, LL.M., F.S.A. ; 
Mr. E. Gardner, M.B. ; Mr. W. Edgar Home ; Miss Keate ; 
Col. F. A. H. Lambert, F.S.A. ; Mr. H. Lambert ; and Mr. Percy 
Woods, C.B. 

The Editor desires further to acknowledge the courtesy he has 
invariably received from all those to whom he has applied for informa- 
tion. He would more especially mention in this respect, His Grace the 
Lord Archbishop of Canterbury ; the Rt. Hon. the Earl of Onslow, 
G.C.M.G. ; the Rt. Hon. the Lord Hylton, F.S.A. ; the Rt. Hon. the 
Lord Ashcombe ; Sir Henry D. Le Marchant, Bart. ; Lieut. -Colonel 
H. Godwin-Austen ; Mr. F. W. Smallpeice ; the late Rev. T. R. 
O'Fflahertie; and the Clerk of the Surrey County Council. He is 
also indebted in a like manner to His Grace the Duke of Norfolk, K.G. ; 
His Grace the Duke of Northumberland, K.G. ; the Lady Henry 
Somerset ; the Rt. Rev. H. E. Ryle, D.D., Dean of Westminster ; 
the Hon. Sir Charles Swinfen-Eady ; the late Rev. Sir Edward G. Moon, 
Bart.; Sir John Watney, F.S.A.; the Rev. W. H. Ady, M.A. ; the Rev. 
Edward Atkinson, D.D. ; Mr. H. Cosmo O. Bonsor, D.L., J.P. ; Miss 
Broadwood ; Mr. H. Chancellor ; the late Rev. J. R. Charlesworth ; 
Mr. J. Collyer ; Mr. W. Cunliffe, M.A. ; Mr. F. B. Eastwood ; the 
late Mr. W. J. Evelyn ; Dr. W. E. St. Lawrence Finny ; the Rev. 
J. K. Floyer, M.A., F.S.A. ; the late Mr. G. Leveson-Gower ; Mr. 
J. Henderson ; the late Major Heales ; Mr. Gordon Home ; Miss 
Jackson ; the Rev. A. H. Johnson, M.A. ; Mr. A. H. Lloyd ; Mr. F. 
Mount ; the Rev. W. H. Oxley, M.A. ; Mr. W. P. D. Stebbing ; Mr. 
H. A. Style ; Mr. F. Turner ; Miss Ethel Lega-Weekes ; the Rev. 
S. Wetherfield, M.A. ; Miss Wheeler ; and the late Mr. S. Woods. 

Thanks are also tendered to Lord Northcliffe, Mr. Herbert O. Ellis, 
Mr. J. H. C. Evelyn, the Kingston Corporation, the Surrey Archaeo- 
logical Society, and Mr. G. West, for the loan of pictures and plans for 
reproduction. 



XIX 



A HISTORY OF 
SURREY 



TOPOGRAPHY 



THE HUNDRED OF GODALMING 



CONTAINING THE PARISHES OF 

ARTINGTON ' HAMBLEDON PUTTENHAM 

CHIDDINGFOLD HASLEMERE THURSLEY 

COMPTON PEPER HAROW WITLEY 
GODALMING 

The history of the hundred is generally coincident with that of the 
manor. The earliest definite reference to the hundred is the confirmation of 
Arlington Manor, and possibly Godalming also, to Stephen de Turnham, in 
I2o6. 2 In 1 22 1 the king directed the Sheriff of Surrey to give full seisin of 
the manor of Godalming, the hundred, and the market (town) of Haslemere 
to Richard, Bishop of Salisbury, which manor, &c., were belonging to Edelina 
de Broc, salvo iure nostro et heredium ipsius TLdeline? 

On 24 May 1224, Thomas de Bauelingham and Mabel his wife, eldest 
daughter and co-heir of Stephen de Turnham, levied a fine, and for 3 5 marks 
of silver gave to the Bishop and church of Salisbury, the bishop holding the 
hundred, all their rights in the hundred of Godalming, and in the manor of 
Godalming, saving to Thomas and Mabel the tenement which they held in 
Arlington and Catteshull. 4 

It does not appear therefore that the bishop obtained full possession of 
the hundred till the reign of Henry III, and subsequently Witley, in the 
hundred, remained a royal manor of ancient demesne, having no connexion 
with the courts of the hundred, except in suits for the recovery of land and 
debts ; neither is Puttenham represented in the courts. 

The hundred remained in the hands of the bishop till 1541. In that year 
it was conveyed, under an Act of Parliament, to Thomas Paston, and by him 
to the Crown, 20 April I542. 6 Elizabeth granted the manor and hundred, 
3 November 1601, to Sir George More of Loseley for 1,341 8s. 2f</. 6 

1 Including Littleton and Loseley, i.e. that part of the parish of St. Nicholas, Guildford, which lay out- 
side the borough boundaries as they were in 1831. For the sake of convenience the account of the whole 
parish has been included in the hundred of Godalming. The extent of the hundred is taken from Pop. Ret. 
1831, p. 632. 

1 Rot. de Oblat. et Fin. (Rec. Com.), 339. Compare the accounts of Arlington and Godalming. 

1 Ret. Lit. Clam, (Rec. Com.), i, 455. 

4 Lib. Evident. B. no. 363, Salisbury. 5 Aug. Off. Hen. VIII, Box C, 12. 

6 The original grant is at Loseley. It is copied by Symmes (Town Clerk of Guildford, temp. Chas. II), 
B.M. Add. MS. 6167. It contains a grant of the 'bondmen, bondwomen, villeins, and their sequele,' but 
this is probably only a customary form and does not mean that there were any then. 



A HISTORY OF SURREY 

The lordship of the hundred continued in the family of More and More- 
Molyneux of Loseley till 1871, when it was conveyed with the manor to 
Mr. James Stewart Hodgson. The lordship of the hundred was by this time 
meaningless. The courts of the hundred had become at an early period 
indistinguishable from those of the manor. There are at Loseley a large 
number of Hundred Court Rolls, views of frankpledge, and views of frank- 
pledge on the rectory manor, from the time of Edward III downwards. 
Courts were held at three weeks' intervals for ' playnts and accions,' dealing 
with tenants of all the manors in the hundred except the royal manors of 
Witley and Puttenham. Two ' lawdays,' or leets, were held at Hocktide and 
Michaelmas, except for the town of Godalming, for which a ' lawday ' was 
held on St. Matthew's Day ; this was called Enton lawday. These included 
in their business the view of frankpledge, the Visus Personates, election of 
tithing-men, of ale-taster, a reeve (prepositus) for Godalming by the customary 
tenants, and of a bedell, and the receiving of the burgage rents of Haslemere. 
There were also yearly leets at Catteshull, Hambledon, Loseley, Arlington, 
Farncombe, and Compton. The hundred and three-weekly courts and Enton 
court were held, latterly at least, in the old town hall of Godalming, where 
the market house now stands. 7 Fines levied in the hundred court were 
accounted for to the More-Molyneux family as lords of the hundred up to at 
least I79O. 8 

' Rolls at Loseley, passim, and Misc. Bks. Exch. L.T.R. vol. 169 ; Godalming Hundred, 1-3 Edw. VI. 
8 Accts. at Loseley. 




INDEX MAP TO THE HUNDRED OF GODALMING 



GODALMING HUNDRED 



ARTINGTON 



ARTINGTON 

(!N THE PARISH OF ST. NICHOLAS, GUILDFORD) 



Ertindun (xiii cent.) 

The parish of St. Nicholas, Guildford, contains 
2,693 acres. It is for the greater part of its eastern 
tide bounded by the Wey, on the left bank of which 
it lies. A great part of the parish is in the borough 
of Guildford, and part has always been in the borough, 
so far as is known. But the rural part of the parish 
has always been in Godalming Hundred, and the 
parish, 3 miles north to south, z or ij miles east 
to west, was originally a rural parish. The idea 
suggested in old histories that Guildford was once in 
this parish on the left bank of the Wey is baseless. 
The name ' Bury Fields,' in St. Nicholas parish, 
refers of course to the town fields, not to the town. 
Neither have draining or building revealed any old 
foundations on the left bank. The Guildford Ceme- 
tery is in the parish of St. Nicholas, in the part 
included in the borough since 1904. It is under a 
joint committee on which the rural parish is repre- 
sented. 

The main part of the parish is on the Green Sand, 
with an outcrop of the Atherfield and of the Wealden 
Clay in the middle of it. But the northern part crosses 
the chalk ridge of the Hog's Back and reaches on to 
the Woolwich Beds and London Clay beyond. 

Guildford station is in the parish, and of late 
years, in the neighbourhood of the station and on the 
Hog's Back, building has much increased. The 
Portsmouth road also traverses the parish, and houses 
extend along it for a mile, connecting Guildford 
with the hamlet of St. Catherine's. The old Ports- 
mouth road came past St. Nicholas's Church, along 
Bury Fields, and up what was called the Little 
Mount into the line of the present road. The old 
Farnham road came along the ridge of the Hog's 
Back and down the Great Mount by a very steep 
descent. 1 The Act of Parliament for making the new 
Farnham road was passed in 1 796, but the road was 
not begun till some years later. A parcel of land 
south of the Great Mount is in Farnham Manor, and 
was the site probably of a lodging of the Bishop of 
Winchester when he was travelling on the road. The 
end of the Hog's Back is known as Guildown, and 
this old Farnham road is the Strata de GeUedone 
referred to in the Pipe Rolls of 1189 as the southern 
boundary of the purlieu of Windsor Forest. 

In the south of the parish part of the common 
called Peasemarsh is included. Great part of this 
was inclosed in 1803. It is very poor soil. In the 
old river gravel on it some palaeolithic flints have 
been found. 

The northern part of the parish beyond the Hog's 
Back is called Guildford Park. This was the site of 
the old royal park of Guildford. Much of the 
history of the park is involved in that of the forest of 
Windsor, the Surrey bailiwick of which extended 
over the whole county north of the Hog's Back and 



west of the Wey. It would appear that Henry II 
inclosed the park at the beginning of his reign. 1 The 
custody of the park often went with the office of 
constable of the castle and steward of the king's 
manor, for Guildford was a royal manor and castle 
from before the Conquest. There was a manor- 
house in the park, but it was quite a small place. 
The residence of the kings, who were frequently in 
Guildford, was in the castle. It was here that the 
extensive buildings and decorations of Henry III 
were executed, not at the park manor-house, for they 
involved buying of land for the extension of the 
building, an impossibility at the latter place, which 
lay in the middle of the park surrounded by the 
king's land on every side. In 1299 the park was 
assigned to Margaret, second wife of Edward I,' but 
reverted to the Crown under Edward II. When 
Edward III granted the royal manor in fee-farm to 
the good men (probl homines) of Guildford the park 
and castle were reserved. Helming Leggette was 
given the custody of the park for life in I 3 70.' On 
the decease of Sir Hugh Waterton it was granted to 
Sir John Stanley for life in 1409-10.* In 1444 it 
was granted to John Genyn and Richard Ludlow, 
Serjeants of the king's cellar, and to Richard's heirs. 6 
But in 1463 Edward IV granted it to Thomas St. 
Leger, who married his sister Anne, widow of the 
Duke of Exeter, and gave him the further charge of 
certain enlargements of the park made before 1475-6.' 
St. Leger received the herbage and pannage of the 
park, without rendering account, and 10 a year for 
the maintenance of the deer in winter. 8 The manor 
of Cleygate in Ash was granted to St. Leger in 1475, 
for the further maintenance of the game. 9 He was 
attainted for rebellion against Richard III, when the 
custody of the park was perhaps given to William 
Mistelbroke, who received Cleygate. 10 In 1488 Sir 
Reginald Bray received the custody of the park, and 
Cleygate. 11 Sir Michael Stanhope was the next 
holder." When Guildford Grammar School was re- 
founded by Edward VI, the Marquis of Northampton 
held it." Under Elizabeth Lord Montague was 
keeper, and had much anxiety with poachers of deer 
and snarers of rabbits and pheasants. 14 He died 1592, 
and Sir Thomas Gorges, who had married Northamp- 
ton's widow, was perhaps the next keeper. In his 
time Norden's survey was executed. He describes 
the park as of 6J miles' circuit with 7$ miles of pales. 
Part of the southern side was inclosed and cultivated. 
It contained 1,620 acres by estimation, and was 
' meanely timbered,' not enough to repair the pales. 
There were about 600 fallow deer, but ' not above 
30 bucks,' i.e. males of two years old and upwards. 
The manor-house was 'puled down and defaced.' 
This stood, by his plan, where the farm called Manor 
Farm is now. There were three other lodges. The 
chief lodge was by the bank of the river, and is partly 



1 Long poles used to be put through the 
hind wheels of the coaches coming down 
this hilL 

3 Close, 9 Hen. Ill, m. 6. 
8 Pat. 27 Edw. I, m. 4. 

4 Pat. 43 Edw. Ill, pt. i, m. 33. 



' Pat. 10 Hen. IV, pt. ii, m. 13. 

6 Pat. 22 Hen. VI, pt. ii, m. 2. 

7 Exch. Accts. bdle. 516, no. II. 

8 Pat. 2 Edw. IV, pt. ii, m. 14. 
Pat. 1 5 Edw. IV, pt. ii, m. 4. 

10 Pat. I Ric. Ill, pt. iv, m. 12. 



11 MS. of Mr. Anstis, quoted by Man- 
ning and Bray, Hist, of Surr, i, 514. 

18 Mr. Anstis' MS., Manning and Bray 
Surr. i, 25. 

18 Chart, of the school. 

14 Loseley MSS. fasiim. 



A HISTORY OF SURREY 



standing now as a farm-house at the end of Walnut 
Tree Close, between the railway and the river. The 
' Deer Leap,' or place for taking deer alive, was by 
the side of the Great Mount, where a path now leads 
from the mount to the new Farnham road." Mr. 
Carter was then under-keeper. He was the Mr. 
John Carter who later received a grant of Guildford 
Castle. Gorges died in 1610, and John Murray, 
afterwards Earl of Annandale, succeeded. In 1631 
Charles I granted it to him in fee-simple, to be held 
as for a quarter of a knight's fee, and by his heirs for 
ever." His son, the second earl, died childless, and 
the Guildford Park Estate was ultimately sold in 1 709 
to the Hon. Thomas Onslow, afterwards Lord Onslow, 
and the park was disparked before 1717. The park 
extended from the road on the Hog's Back to the road 
between Woodbridge and Worplesdon, and from close 
to the river to a line of hedges and a green lane east 
of a small stream and west of Strawberry Grove, which 
exactly corresponds to the boundary on John Norden's 
plan. 

West of St. Catherine's Hill stand St. Catherine's 
House, in which the late Mr. W. More-Molyneux 
lived, and Mount Browne, the residence of the Dowager 
Marchioness of Sligo. Littleton School was built by 
Mr. James More-Molyneux of Loseley in 1843. It 
has been recently enlarged, and a service is celebrated 
there on Sundays by a curate of St. Nicholas. It 
was let to the County Council in 1903. A new 
school is in course of erection. 

AR TINGTON MANOR was originally 
MANORS a part of Godalming, from which it was 
separated by Henry II, who, about the 
year 1171, bestowed it on Master David of London, 
an ambassador at Rome. 17 This Master David granted 
it in fee farm to Ralph de Broc for 15, with whose 
daughter Stephen de Turnham had it in marriage. 18 
In 1191 and again in 1 205 Stephen obtained royal 
confirmations of his right to the manor. 1 ' In 1220, 
shortly after Stephen's death, his widow Edelina, 
daughter of Ralph de Broc, put forward her claim to 
certain rents in Arlington against Stephen's five co- 
heiresses, Mabel wife of Thomas de Bauelingham, 
Alice wife of Adam de Bendeng, Eleanor wife of 
Roger de Layburn, Eleanor wife of Ralph son of 
Bernard, and Beatrice wife of Ralph de Fay. 10 
Edelina entered upon the land, but probably only for 
life. The manor was divided into four portions, of 
which Mabel de Bauelingham obtained one, the manor 
of Artington ; Beatrice de Fay a second ; a third 
portion, which was Alice de Bendeng's, afterwards 
formed part or the whole of the manor of Braboeuf ; 
and a fourth became the manor of Piccard's. 



Artington Manor, i.e. the portion of the original 
manor which was assigned to Mabel de Bauelingham, 
descended with her manor of Catteshull " till William 
Weston and his wife Joan sold the latter in 1384 5, but 
retained Artington." A rent roll of William Weston's 
lands in Artington, dated 3 November 1 394, is among 
the Loseley Manuscripts. 13 John Weston of Weston 
died seised of Artington 1 7 November 1 440, leaving 
three married daughters, Agnes wife of John atte 
Hull, Joan wife of John Skynet, and Anne wife of 
Thomas Slifield." Of these we find that Agnes atte 
Hull died in widowhood in the year 1488 seised of 
the manor of Artington, Henry atte Hull being her 
grandson and heir." The overlordship was conveyed 
to Sir George More of Godalming, 3 November 
1 60 1, and the manor of Artington has since been in 
the family of More of Loseley. Artington Manor 
Farm was the manor house. 

BRABOEUF MANOR, which extends very widely 
about St. Catherine's Hill and towards Godalming, 
includes that portion of Stephen de Turnham's 
manor which was assigned to his daughter Alice de 
Bendeng, for she granted her portion of Artington to 
Geoffrey of Braboeuf in 1232," and he had confirma- 
tion of the grant in 1 25 1. 17 He had other lands in 
Artington and Guildford, and in 1257, together with 
Richard Testard, obtained a royal grant of the sites of 
old mills in Guildford which they had recently sold to 
the king, and also of new mills which they were to 
remove to the site of the old ones. 88 Cicely ' la 
Braboeuf held a quarter of the manor at ' Artington 
next Braboeuf at her death in 1 347," probably as 
dower. John Braboeuf witnessed deeds of Artington 
in 1337 and again in 1350.* Andrew Braboeuf, 
son of Andrew and Cecily de Braboeuf, died seised 
of one quarter of Artington in 13612, leaving a 
daughter Agnes, 81 who married first Robert Dan- 
hurst, and secondly, Robert Loxley. At her death 
her grandson Robert Danhurst inherited her lands. 
He died s.p.m. in 1481-2, having settled Braboeuf on 
Bernard Jenyn and his wife Elizabeth, who was niece 
of Agnes Braboeuf 's second husband Robert Loxley ." 
Bernard Jenyn settled the manor on his second son 
Thomas, 33 who died in March 1508-9.** Sir John 
Jenyn, kt., son of Thomas Jenyn, died holding 
Braboeuf in 1 545, leaving a son Edward aged five," 
who died a minor and was succeeded by his aunt 
Joan, wife of Robert Kemp. 86 Agnes, wife of John 
Wight of Wimbledon, and daughter of Joan Kemp, 
was in possession of Braboeuf in 1 5 59," and was 
succeeded by her son Rice (Riceus) Wight, who 
died at Artington 31 October 1602. His son John 
was born in 1674 an< ^ died ' n 1656, his son John died 



15 Norden's Surv. 1606 ; Harl. MSS. 
3749. " Cart. Chas. I, R. 8, m. 2. 

>' Fife R. 17 Hen. II (Pipe R. Soc.), 
144 et seq. 

Testa de Nevill (Rec. Com.), 225. 
It seems probable therefore that Matter 
David only had a life interest in Arling- 
ton, and that after hit death Stephen de 
Turnham held directly of the king, for in 
later confirmations Stephen is stated to 
have had it of the gift of Henry II. 

19 Pipe R. 3 Ric. I, m. 3 ; Rot. Cart, 
(Rec. Com.), 160. 

*> Maitland, Bracton'i Nate Bk. 1410 ; 
Exarpta e Rat. Fin. (Rec. Com.), ii, 25. 
There was apparently another daughter 
Clemency, see Piccard's Manor. 



V, dt infra. 

*> Feet of F. Surr. 8 Ric. II, 73, 75. 

" Hist. MSS. Cam. Rep. vii, App. pt. i, 
599- 

M Chan. Inq. p.m. 19 Hen. VI, no. 5. 

85 Ibid. (Ser. 2), iv, 14. 

* Col. Chart. R. (Rec. Com.), i, 366. 
It seems probable that he already possessed 
a tenement called Braboeuf in Artington. 
Indeed, in 1496 it was declared that 'the 
manor of Braboeuf and the manor of Art- 
ington are not one, nor was any part of it 
ever part of Arlington.' Memo. R. 
Exch. L.T.R. Trin. n Hen. VII, m. 
xvi. It seems, however, that the lords of 
Braboeuf also possessed a part of the 
original manor of Artington. 



W Add. Chart. 24581, 24583, 

88 Cal. Chart. R. (Rec. Com.), i, 456. 

99 Chan. Inq. p.m. 22 Edw. Ill (ist 
nos.), no. 20. 

60 Montagu Burrows, Tht Family of 
Broeas f 430-2. 

11 Chan. Inq. p.m. 35 Edw. Ill (it 
nos.), no. 21. 

"Memo. R. (Exch. L.T.R.), Trin. 
II Hen. VII, m. 16, 'Recorda' ; Feet of 
F. Surr. 42 Edw. Ill, 15 10 Ric. II, 
23- 

88 Chan. Inq. p.m. (Ser. 2), Ixxxiil 
20. 

Ibid. xxv, 48. M Ibid. Ixxii, 9& 

M Ibid, cxiii, 46. 

7 Feet of F. Surr. Trin. i Eliz. 



GODALMING HUNDRED 



ARTINGTON 



1707 and was succeeded by his eldest surviving son 
William, who died in 1722, and his son Tempest 
Wight died 1768. John Wight, his son, died 1817, 
his son Arthur Wight died 1 847, having married Jane 
More-Molyneux of Loseley. His son Albert Wight 
died in 1905, and his widow, nee Mary Anne Boul- 
derson, is lady of the manor. 89 

Braboeuf Manor House is now occupied by Mr. 
J. A. C. Younger. It has been much modernized, 
but retains much of its original 16th-century work. 
It was evidently a half-timber house consisting of a 
main body facing east, as at present, with projecting 
wings at either end ; the north wing has disappeared, 
but the south wing still stands with the main portion. 
To the south of this old building are a modern dining- 
room and conservatory, and a modern wing extending 
to the west. 

The walls are now of modern stone, with mullioned 
windows. The ground floor of the main (former) 
central body contains the hall, entered directly by 
the main entrance close to the south wing ; the 
library, at the north end of the hall, and doubtless 
once a part of it ; and the stair hall and other rooms 
to the west, behind the hall, &c. The south wing 
contains chiefly the billiard-room. Over the hall is 
the drawing-room, with a fine fireplace (dated 1586), 
and bedrooms, &c., and on the second floor are attic 
bedrooms. 

The entrance doorway now within a modern 
porch has an old oak moulded frame. The hall has a 
good late 1 6th-century ceiling, with heavy beams run- 
ning east and west, and a shallower one running length- 
wise (north and south), and upon the latter and the 
walls are the joists, also running east and west ; all the 
beams and joists have moulded soffits. The fireplace 
on the west side of the hall contains some 17th- 
century carving, made up with later work ; the walls 
of the hall are lined with late 1 6th or early 17th- 
century panelling ; some of it is set in an irregular 
fashion. Doorways at the ends give access to the 
library and billiard-room, and an archway opposite 
the entrance doorway opens on to the stair hall. The 
thin wall dividing the hall from the library is evidently 
a later insertion, but it is covered with the old panel- 
ling on the hall side. The library has a plain plaster 
ceiling, which probably conceals some moulded wood- 
work as in the hall, and a heavy encased wood girder 
close to the partition would, no doubt, prove to be 
similar to the others. In the library is a large cup- 
board front containing some of the original carved 
late 16th-century oak work in its cornice, &c., made 
up with more modern woodwork ; it stood formerly 
against the partition at the south end of the hall. 
The staircase is late 1 7th-century work ; it has 
turned balusters, and heavy panelled square newels 
with shaped heads, and very heavy moulded hand- 
rail, 8 in. by 7 in. 

The drawing-room on the first floor has a good 
stone fireplace and chimneypiece in its outer or east 
wall between the two windows. The opening has a 



flat, four-centred arch, enriched with leaf and rose 
ornament ; above this is a fluted frieze with roses and 
portcullises. The rest of the space above this is 
divided by pilasters into two bays, the lower parts 
treated as panels with a moulded cornice, and con- 
taining leaf designs ; the upper parts filled with a 
large Tudor rose and a portcullis carved in high relief; 
each is surmounted by a small crown. At the top, 
close to the ceiling, is carved the date 1 5 86. The 
whole of the fireplace is decorated with paint, most 
of it modern, but said to be a restoration of the 
original colour. The room has modern oak wall 
lining, and an enriched plaster ceiling of four bays 
divided by moulded wood beams. In some of the 
bedrooms on this floor are some 1 7th-century panel- 
ling and plain old beams, and one of the attic bed- 
rooms also has some similar panelling below its 
window. 

Over the porch entrance outside is set a small old 
stone, carved with a representation of a phoenix, 
perhaps the mark of an insurance company. 

The grounds and park contain nothing of note. 
There appears to have been no formal garden about 
the house, or it has long since disappeared, as also 
has the ancient dovecot which is mentioned in various 
old records. 

Beatrice de Fay's portion of Arlington consisted of 
201. rent and a quarter of a mill. These she granted 
to the abbey of Wherwell, co. Hants, towards the 
maintenance of a chaplain to celebrate in the chapel 
of St. Mary in the little meadow called St. Mary's 
Garden.* 9 In 12412 the abbess sued her tenants in 
Arlington for rent. 40 At the time of the surrender 
of the abbey in November 1539 lands and rent in 
Arlington were still amongst its possessions." These 
were leased out by the Crown from time to time, the 
lessee in 1567 being Michael Kettelwell," and in 
1595 Sir John Wolley, kt. 4S At this date the lands 
included ' Millmeade ' in Guildford. Sir John's son 
Francis Wolley possibly obtained a grant in per- 
petuity, for he bequeathed his lands in Arlington to 
' the maiden child christened by his wife and Mrs. 
Bridget Weston in Pirford Church by name of Mary 
Wolley,' with remainder to Sir Arthur Mainwaring. 44 
The latter was disputing lands called the ' Holy Lands ' 
in Arlington in 1628 ; they had lalely been ihe 
properly of Wherwell Abbey, and were claimed by a 
certain Thomas Tuesley. At this dale ihey included 
' an ancienl dwelling-house ' 4S near St. Catherine's Hill, 
various fields at Artinglon, and one-sixlh of Millmead. 46 
The eslates have since been broken up, and part 
has been bought by ihe Wighl family. 

LITTLETON near Loseley Park is a hamlet of 
Artinglon, and now consists of Orange Court, Orange 
Court Farm, and a few cottages. Littleton is mentioned 
in the Domesday Survey as being held by Wulwi the 
huntsman, who had been in possession of it before the 
Conquest. 47 Under Edward the Confessor it was 
assessed for 2 hides and paid no geld, but in 1086 
it was only assessed for I virgate. In 1218-19 



88 Parish Reg. of St. Nicholas, Guild- 
ford. 

* Probably the chapel of the Blessed 
Virgin, with which the Abbess Euphemia 
inclosed a large space 'which was 
adorned on the north side with pleasant 
Tines and trees.' f.C.H, Hants, ii, 133. 
Egerton MS. 2104 (A), no. 254. 



4 Feet of F. Surr. 26 Hen. Ill, 273, 

274, *79- 

Misc. Bkf. Aug. Off. ccccxiv, 17-21. 

a Enr. of Leases (Aug. Off.), 9 Eliz. 
R. 4, no. 3. 

48 Partic. for Leases, Surr. 37 Eliz. R. 2, 
no. 23. 

44 Chan. Inq. p.m. (Ser. 2), cccxxxir, 

5 



60. See under Burpham in Worples- 
don. 

41 Possibly the house now called the 
Priory, some of which it very old. 

48 Exch. Spec. Com. 6 Chas. I, no. 
$666 ; 5 Chas. I, no. 5665 ; Exch. Dep. 
Mich. 4 Chas. I, 21. 

7 V.C.H. Surr. i, 328*. 



A HISTORY OF SURREY 



William le Gras of Littleton granted 2 acres in a 
field called la Hulle and other land on Lidhe ' and 
Guildown to Robert son of William of Littleton for a 
yearly rent. 48 In 1285 Nicholas le Gras, who was 
Sheriffof Surrey, obtained a grant of free warren in his 
demesne lands of Littleton and Arlington/ 9 He died 
before December I293, 60 and seems to have been 
succeeded by Ralph le Gras, 6 ' whose brother and heir 
was Roger. Roger le Gras died seised of the manor 
of Littleton on 28 November 1303, having been 
murdered in Essex. 6 * His heir was his brother 
Nicholas, aged twenty-two. 63 It then included a 
capital messuage and three free tenants and was held 
of John of Cobham by service of entertaining him in 
food and drink for two nights yearly. 64 Nicholas le 
Gras, brother to Roger, was in possession of it in 
1323-4." The manor included much more than the 
present hamlet and ran up to the road (via regia) on 
the Hog's Back. 66 It is interesting to see that these 
old manors, Loseley and Littleton, were, like the old 
parishes generally, 67 bounded by the ridge of the chalk 
downs. John le Em of Compton had lands and rent 
there in I325, 68 and William Shepherd and his wife 
Margaret sold 60 acres of land and 21. 6J. rent in 
Littleton to Arnold Brocas in 1394 s9 (vide Loseley), 
probably for the use of William Sidney, with whose 
half of Loseley it seems to have since descended. It 
is now held with Loseley. 

In 1406-7 a Richard atte Park held land in Little- 
ton. 60 A house called ' Hamptons ' was sold with 
land in Littleton in l63o, 61 while Orange Court 
Farm was purchased circa 1750 by Sir William 
More-Molyneux of Loseley. John Orange is among 
Arlington tenants in a I4th-cenlury roll ; and in 
1464 Robert Bussebrigge left in perpetuity lands in 
St. Nicholas, Guildford, called Orenges to Thomas 
Costyn, and in 1481 Henry Costyn succeeded." 

LOSELET MANOR (Losele xi cent., Lousle 
xiii cenl., Loseley xvi cenl. et seq.), which was held 
before the Conquest by Osmund the ihegn, was 
assessed at 2 hides in 1086, and was at that time 
in possession of Earl Roger of Shrewsbury, who had 
also obtained Osmund's manor of Eaton Mewsey in 
Wiltshire. Loseley was held of Earl Roger by 
Turold, 63 who, with his successors, continued to hold 
it of the various lords of Eaton Mewsey. 64 Among 
the under-tenants, successors of Turold, was Richard 
de Dol, one of the supporters of the barons in their 
struggle against John. 66 He sold 2 hides in Loseley 
to Hugh de Dol in January 1 2 04- 5. w Loseley 
descended to Robert son of Hugh de Dol, whose 
widow Eleanor obtained from the overlord the custody 
of the manor during the minority of Robert's son 
and heir, also named Robert. She pledged it in 1285 



to Henry Gerard of Guildford for six years. 6 ' In 
1316-17 ' Elbrede atte Park de Lousle in viduitate 
mea ' granted land in Loseley to Robert and his wife 
Isabella. This was the northern part of the manor, 
bounded by the ' via regia de Guldedone,' i.e. the 
Hog's Back road. 68 It shows that the whole had not 
been acquired in 1204-5. This Robert was com- 
missioner of array for Surrey in 1 3 24, 69 and made an 
agreement four years before his death by which his. 
daughter Joan had for life the whole of the profits of 
the manor, together with Loseley Hall, while he 
himself only retained the solar or upper room to the 
east of Loseley Hall and an annual rent of 20 marks.'* 
He died 22 March 1355-6, leaving as heirs the same 
daughter Joan de Bures, then a widow aged sixty, and 
John de Norton, grandson and heir of his second 
daughter Margaret. The solar and rent were divided 
between them in 1357," and the custody of John de 
Norton's lands was granted to John de Tye." After 
the death of Joan de Bures in March 1371-2 one 
moiety of Loseley descended to her son William de 
Bures, on whom she had entailed it, while the other 
moiety was inherited by John Norton, great-grandson 
of her sister Margaret." This second moiety was 
committed to the custody of William de Brantingham 
during the minority of John Norton." In 1395 
John Crosse conveyed lands in Loseley to Master 
Arnold Brocas and others, evidently trustees. 76 One 
moiety of the manor, probably the Norton moiety, 7 * 
was eventually obtained by William Sidney. He 
was the William Sidney to whom Margaret, then 
wife of Robert Danhurst, released lands in Arlington 
in 1426-7." William Sidney died 1449, and his 
elder son William acknowledged the right of his 
mother, Thornasine, to half Loseley Manor in dower 
in I452, 78 and died seised of the reversion, as was 
said, in October 1463. 

This William Sidney, described as of Stoke D'Aber- 
non and of Baynards, left two daughters, Elizabeth 
and Anne, subsequently married to John Hampden 
and William Uvedale. But he had a younger 
brother, also named William Sidney, of ' Kyngsham ' 
(Sussex), whose son Humphrey successfully claimed 
the moiety of Loseley under the will of William 
Sidney, his grandfather, after the death of Thomasine 
his grandmother, who survived both her sons William 
and died in January 1498. This claim was made in 
1508. There is a large parchment roll at Loseley of 
an Inspeximut of the Record of Proceedings before the 
barons of the Exchequer enrolled Michaelmas term 
23 Henry VII (i 508). The unsuccessful parties were 
the widow and daughters of William. Humphrey 
Sidney's attorney was Christopher More, and the 
suit is evidently connected with the acquisition 



Feet of F. Surr. 3 Hen. Ill, 20. 

Chart. R. 1 3 Edw. I, m. 4. 

* Cal. Clou, 1288-96, p. 339. 

" Ibid. 444. 

"Cal. Pat. 1301-7, pp. 272,459. 

68 Chan. Inq. p.m. 32 Edw. I, no. 

47- 

" Ibid. 

ss Pipe R. 17 Edw. II, ' De Ob. Suss.' 

68 D. of 8 Hen. IV, referred to be- 
low. 

V.C.H. Surr. ii, 6. 

M Feet of F. Surr. 18 Edw. II, 83. 

"Ibid. 1 8 Ric. II, 55. 

60 D. at Loseley compare 'Elbrede atte 
Park de Lousle,' below. 



61 Com. Pleas D. Enr. East. 6 Chai. I, 
m. 17. 

ra D. at Loseley. 

63 V.C.H. Surr. i, 314*. 

64 De Banco R. 60, m. 83 ; Chan. Inq. 
p.m. 30 Edw. Ill, 45 ; ibid. 8 Edw. II, 
68. 

85 Rot. Lit. Claui. i, 285, 307. 

66 Feet of F. Surr. 6 John, file 3, 
no. 17. 

" Wrottesley, Ptdigreet from tht Plea 
R. 433 ; De Banco R. 60, m. 83. 

68 D. at Loseley. 

69 Par!. Jfrit, (Rec. Com.), ii (2), 666, 
(21). 

70 Chan. Inq. p.m. 30 Edw. Ill, no. 45. 



" Abbrev. Rot, Orig. (Re;. Com.}, ii, 
241. 

7" Ibid, ii, 252. 

" Chan. Inq. p.m. 45 Edw. Ill (ist 
nos.), no. 4. 

7* Fine R. I Ric. II, pt. i, m. 21. 

7 Close, 19 Ric. II, m. 29 d. 

Vide infra. 

T> Feet of F. Surr. 5 Hen. VI, 20. A 
year later William Sidney and John 
Strode held one fee in Loseley ; Lay Subs. 
R. bdle. 184, no. 75. 

"> Harl. Chart. 56, B. 25 ; and Loseley 
R. below. 

" Exch. Inq. p.m. (Ser. i), file 1805, 
no. 2. 



GODALMING HUNDRED 



ARTINGTON 



by More of the Sidney moiety, which he after- 
wards held. In 1515-16 Sir Christopher More 
acquired the rights of John Twistleton, goldsmith, of 
London, probably a mortgagee ; and before 153 2-3 
he had evidently purchased this moiety in addi- 
tion to the other (vide infra), for William son 
of Humphrey Sidney then released all his rights 
to him. 60 

The other moiety was in the hands of a John 
Strode and Katherine his wife in 1429, and of 
Katherine widow of John and John her son in 1435, 
and of a Robert Strode in 1454 5- 81 They, in 
granting a lease of land bounded by William Sidney's 
land, spoke of ' nostra pan de manerio de Losele,' 
and gave the grant at Loseley. This moiety there- 
I fore may possibly have included the manor-house, 
and may have been the Bures moiety. Robert 
Strode, heir of Thomas Strode, conveyed to trustees, 
8 October I476, 51 and by this means no doubt the 
moiety was acquired by John Westbroke, for John 
Westbroke held his first court at Loseley in i^Si." 
John Westbroke was summoned to warrant the 
manor of Loseley to Gilbert Stoughton and Thomas 
Purvoche in isoo, 84 and on 31 October 1508 John 
Westbroke of Godalming sold to Christopher More, 
gentleman, all his moiety of Loseley Manor, reserv- 
ing an annuity to himself and his wife Elizabeth for 
life. 86 Christopher More held 
his first court at Loseley 

1 1 January I joS-g. 86 In 
1 530 he had licence to inclose 

12 acres of land and a grant 
of free warren and free fishery 
within the park, of which this 
may have been the nucleus. 87 
Sir Christopher More died 
1549. His son William be- 
gan to build the present 
house, which was completed 
in I569. 88 William, who was 
knighted in 1576, was the 

most trusted agent of Elizabeth's Government in 
Surrey, and a special favourite of the queen. The 
lords lieutenant, the two Lords Howard of Effing- 
ham, and the Council, seem to have remitted all 
business to him. He also acquired much property 
in the county and elsewhere. In 1570 the Earl 
of Southampton was removed to his custody and 
remained at Loseley for three years. 89 Queen 
Elizabeth visited the house three times, in 1576, 
1583, and again in 1591." Sir William's son and 
heir, Sir George More, kt., who succeeded to the 
estate in 1600," was Lieutenant of the Tower, and 
represented both Guildford and Surrey county in 
Parliament, as his father had done before him.** He 
was twice visited by James I at Loseley .** He died 
and was buried in the Loseley Chapel, St. Nicholas, 




MORI of Loseley. A- 
xure a cross argent with 
five marflfts sable thereon. 



Guildford, in 1632, his heir being Poynings, son 
of his eldest son Sir Robert More, kt., who had 
predeceased his father." Loseley remained the r. ra- 
perty of his heirs male till 1689, when at the death 
of Robert More, the then holder, his sister and sole 
surviving heiress, Margaret wife of Sir Thomas 
Molyneux, 94 inherited the manor. Their eldest son, 
Sir William More-Molyneux, died 1760. His eldest 
son James had died the year before. His son 
Thomas More-Molyneux died unmarried in 1776, 
and left the property to his sisters in succession, and 
then to James Freeman afias Molyneux, son of Jane 
Freeman, who was afterwards the wife of Samuel 
Hill of Duke Street, gentleman. James, son of 
Thomas, became owner in 1802, as James More- 
Molyneux, and died 1823. His son James died 1874. 
William More-Molyneux, son of James, 8 * 1 died 1907. 
The present owner is Mrs. More-Molyneux McCowan, 
daughter of his brother, Admiral Sir Robert More- 
Molyneux. 

View of frankpledge was held at Loseley by the 
Bishop of Salisbury as lord of Godalming ; * and 
thus when the Mores of Loseley obtained Godalm- 
ing they also obtained the right of view of frankpledge 
on their manor of Loseley. There was an oratory 
in this manor from the end of the I4th century, 
when Robert de Dol had licence to hear mass there." 
Sir George More enlarged the new house and added 
a chapel where he held licence for services in 1605." 
But this extension became ruinous, and was pulled 
down by the late Mr. James More-Molyneux about 
1835. 

Loseley lies about 2 miles to the south-west of Guild- 
ford. There was certainly a moated house near this 
site at a much earlier date, but the present mansion was 
built from the ground between 1563 and 1 569, by Sir 
William More. Sir Christopher More, who came 
out of Derbyshire, must have occupied from about 
I 5 1 5 an older house which probably stood on the site 
of the lawn to the south of the present house, and he 
obtained in 1530 a licence to empark. The 'park' 
still remains, and forms with its green turf, flower- 
gardens, and trees, gathering on the west into a great 
avenue which is perhaps more like a forest ride a 
worthy setting for the fine old house. 

As originally planned, the house of 1563 was to 
have occupied three sides of a square, a central gate- 
house and flanking walls, with perhaps minor offices, 
forming the fourth side, thus leaving a great open 
quadrangle in the middle. In conformity with this 
clinging to earlier traditions in planning is the style 
of architecture in which the house is built, which leans 
to the older Gothic in all its forms, rather than to 
the Renaissance. 

The original plan was never fully carried out, but 
was confined in execution to the main block of 
the south side of the square, thus giving the principal 



80 Copy of Inq. p.m. and deeds at 
Loseley. 

81 Deeds at Loteley. 

85 Ibid. 

88 Fragment of roll there, 

84 Feet of F. Surr. Trin. 1 5 Hen. VII, 
13 ; De Banco R. 15 Hen. VII, m. xi. 

"Add. Chart. 13557. More was, as 
we have seen, simultaneously acquiring 
the Sidney moiety. 

86 Loseley MSS. 

* Pat. Hen. VIII, pt, ii. m. 3. 



The present park is much more than 1 1 
acres. 

88 See Arch, xxxri, 294, where there 
is printed an account of the expenses 
of building Loseley House, and also an 
inventory of the goods of William More 
in 1556. 

89 Kempe, Loieley MSS. 129 et seq. 

90 Hist. MSS. Com. Rep. vii, App. 
629, 638, 649. 

91 Chan. Inq. p.m. (Ser. 2), cclxiv, 179. 
91 Return of Members of Purl. pt. i. 



98 Diet. ffat. Biog. xxrriii, 414. 

M Chan. Inq. p.m. (Ser. 2), ccccxjutrii, 
106. 

95 Inscription in church of St. Nicholas, 
Guildford. 

** The writer desires to acknowledge 
his obligations to this gentleman for the 
free use of his MSS. 

Hist. MSS. Com. Rtf. rii, App. 599, 
600, &c. 

*! Egerton MS. 2033, foL 53*. 

98 Licence at Loseley. 



A HISTORY OF SURREY 



front to the north a fact that, with the sombre 
colour of the stonework, and the stone roofs, accounts 
for the somewhat gloomy aspect of the house. Early 
in the I yth century, however, a considerable addition 
was made by Sir George More, the son of the founder, 
in the shape of a western wing, which included a 
gallery 121 ft. long by 1 8 ft. wide, and a chapel. 
This wing, said to have been designed by the famous 
John Thorpe, was entirely removed about 1835, but 
more recently a low range of offices has been erected in 
the rear of the house. Built of Bargate stone rubble, 
with dressings of firestone or clunch, the main front 
consists of a series of gables and interspaces backed by 
the long line of the main roof and planned with a 
pleasing irregularity, to which the numerous stacks of 
brick chimneys contribute. The pedimental doorway 
is of classical design and of I yth-century date, but in 
all other respects the front exhibits its original 
features, most noticeable of which are the long ranges 
of mullioned windows, in groups of two, three, four, 
and six lights. The early character of the work is 
evidenced in these, which have elliptical heads to the 
lights and a hood-mould with returned ends, such as 
might have been employed in work fifty years older 
in date. The great window of the hall bay is very 
tall and of three tiers of eight lights, including those 
in the return walls. Among the other coats and 
badges preserved in its glazing are the arms of the 
More family, with the date 1563. 

The rear of the house is not so imposing. At the 
south-east angle is a large projecting group of gables, 
and a garden porch of later character occupies the 
centre of the recessed portion, with smaller gables to 
the right and dormers in the roof over. 

In the interior the drawing-room is remarkable for 
its elaborate frieze, on which appears the rebus of the 
More family, a mulberry-tree intertwined with the 
motto, Morus tarde Mortens Morum cito Moriturum. 
The room is panelled from floor to ceiling, and the 
latter is a fine specimen of plaster rib-work with pen- 
dants and devices framed in the geometrical patterns, 
among them being the cockatrice (which occurs in 
other rooms also), a bearing of the Mudge family, to 
which Sir William More's mother belonged. The 
great window of this room is of six lights, three on 
either side of a broad pier, which in the interior is 
finished as a carved console. 

The stately mantelpiece, a masterpiece of delicate 
carving in hard chalk, may without exaggeration be 
placed among the finest things of its kind in England. 
The fireplace opening is spanned by a flat arch, with 
rusticated keystones, and flanked by caryatides and 
coupled Corinthian columns, which stand upon 
pedestals bearing swags of fruit. Above is a frieze of 
arabesque or strap pattern, surmounted by a modillion 
cornice : and the overmantel is formed of six panels 
enriched with scrolled cartouches, bearing coats of 
arms, and framed in by male and female caryatides 
holding up the carved frieze and cornice under the 
ceiling. 98 " 

Many of the other rooms have panelling, ceilings, 
and other features of interest, and the character of the 



house has been admirably kept up by the successive 
generations of its owners. 

In some of the upper rooms are fine tapestries, 
including a good specimen of the Mortlake Tapestry. 
There was at one time a collection of armour 
and weapons which were mostly exhibited in the 
great hall, but these have been removed, and their 
place is now taken by pictures, many of which 
are of great interest, such as those of James I and 
Anne of Denmark, painted in celebration of their 
visit to Sir George More in 1603 ; and the large 
painting of Sir William More-Molyneux with his 
wife Cassandra and all their children. Besides these 
there are in other parts of the house many portraits of 
the More and Molyneux families ; and, among royal 
and eminent personages, Edward VI, presented by 
Henry VIII to Sir Christopher More; Anne Boleyn; 
Queen Elizabeth, presented by herself to Sir William 
More ; and Sir Thomas More, who was, however, 
no connexion of this More family. 

The finest collection of manuscripts of family, local, 
and public interest, which is preserved in any private 
house in Surrey, is at Loseley. Sir Christopher, Sir 
William, and Sir George More, the three generations 
of owners whose lives covered the time from the 
beginning of the 1 6th century till the early part of 
the reign of Charles I, were continually employed in 
the public service. The first was King's Remembrancer 
in the Exchequer, Sheriff and member for the county ; 
Sir William was at different times or simultaneously 
Sheriff, Deputy-Lieutenant, and member for the county 
or for Guildford, and Vice-Admiral of Sussex ; Sir 
George was Sheriff, Deputy-Lieutenant, member of 
Parliament, and also Lieutenant of the Tower, Chan- 
cellor of the Garter, and Treasurer to the Prince 
of Wales ; Sir William was also executor to Sir Thomas 
Cawarden, who was Master of the Revels from 
Henry VIII to the first year of Elizabeth, and kept his- 
papers. They were also stewards of manors, con- 
stables of the castle, and keepers of the chase at Farn- 
ham, and all of them active justices of the peace. In 
these various capacities they received a vast quantity 
of official correspondence, besides private letters from 
many persons of importance. The bulk of these let- 
ters is preserved in twelve volumes, but over and 
above there is a great mass of letters, accounts, memo- 
randa, Hundred Rolls and Court Rolls of Godalming 
Hundred and of many manors, deeds and printed 
pamphlets. The greater number belong to the 
Tudor reigns and the time of James I, but they 
extend earlier and later. Among them are letters and 
papers of Dr. John Donne (1573-1631), poet and 
Dean of St. Paul's, who was imprisoned in the Mar- 
shalsea for clandestinely marrying Anne daughter 
of Sir George More. Later papers of much in- 
terest are memorials of a tour in Spain in the i8th 
century. Mr. A. J. Kempe printed a small selection 
of papers in extenso in 1835." William Bray, the his- 
torian of Surrey, had previously had access to the 
papers. They have been catalogued, very incompletely,. 
for the Historical MSS. Commission." 3 Recently 
the whole has been deposited on loan at the Public 



961 The effect of thi chimneypiece and 
of the room generally ii admirably ren- 
dered in Plate LXXI of Nash' Mentions 
of Engl. in the Olden Times. It it 
point in common between Loseley and 
Wakehurit in Sussex that the latter also 



boasts a chalk mantelpiece. A good 
example of a small chalk chimneypiece 
is preserved in the old house which now 
forms the museum of the Surrey Archaeo- 
logical Society in Guildford. The panels 
in the great hall bear the badges of 

8 



Henry VIII and Catherine Parr, and are 
said to have been brought from Nonsuch. 
Palace. 

Kempe, Lately MSS. 

*> Hist. MSS. Com. Rep. vii. 




ARTINGTON : LOSELEY HOUSE, PRINCIPAL FRONT VIEW 




ARTINGTON : LOSELEY HOUSE, CHALK MANTELPIECE IN DRAWING-ROOM 



GODALMING HUNDRED 



ARTINGTON 



Record Office. The present writer acknowledges with 
gratitude the kindness of the owner, who has given 
him free access to such a collection, interesting to 
the historian generally and invaluable to the historian 
of Surrey in particular. It is not too much to say 
that the history of the administration of a county 
under Elizabeth could be compiled from these sources 
alone. 

P1CC4RDS M4NOR seems to have formed a part 
of Stephen de Turnham's manor of Arlington, for it ap- 
pears in 1279 in the possession of Joan wife of William 
Branche and descendant of Clemency, one of Stephen 
de Turnham's daughters. 100 Joan and William were 
granted free warren in Arlington by Henry III. 101 
It passed with their manor of Peper Harow to Henry 
of Guildford, who died seised of land and rent in Ar- 
lington together with pleas of court there early in the 
14th century. 101 His kinsman and heir, John son of 
Gilbert the Marshal of Guildford, paid relief for the 
manor in 1319 20 1M and granted il lo John Piccard 
of Guildford and his wife Margaret in I323. 104 It is 
evidently from this family that the manor obtained its 
name of Piccards. In 1350 John son of John 
Piccard and his mother Margaret conveyed all their 
lands in Arlington to Master Bernard Brocas, clerk, 
in exchange for lands called Heysull in Chiddingfold. 105 
From this date Piccards descended with Peper Harow 
(q.v.) till the death of Sir Richard Pexall, c. 1 57 1. 106 
He bequeathed it to Pexall Brocas the elder son of 
his daughter Anne, who had married Bernard Brocas 
of Horton. 10 ' In 1586 Pexall Brocas sold ten-twelfths 
of the manor to Sir William More of Loseley, 108 
who evidently bought up the remaining two-twelfths, 
for he died seised of ihe whole in July i6oo. 109 
Since then the descent of the manor has been coin- 
cideni wilh lhal of Loseley (q.v.). 

For an accounl of ihe church of 
CHURCH ST. NICHOLAS, see ihe history of 
Guildford, wilhin the boundaries of which 
it is situated. 

The ruins of ST. CATHERINE'S CH4PEL stand 
on St. Catherine's or Drake Hill, 110 about a mile south 
of Guildford Bridge. The building was a plain paral- 
lelogram of 45 ft. 6 in. by 20 ft. 6 in., inside measure- 
ment. The walls are mainly of sandstone, 3 ft. ihick, 
the windows, doors, and bullresses faced with chalk. 
At ihe north-west corner is a turret, with vice, lead- 
ing perhaps to a priesl's room, as the top of ihe lurrel 
does nol seem like a belfry. The butlresses belween 
ihe ihree windows on each side and at the angles 
ran up into pinnacles. There were large east and 
west windows, and west and also north and south 
doors. The side windows over the north and south 
doors were al some period converted inlo doorways, 
approached by oulside sleps and probably connected 
by a gallery or bridge across the chapel. The north- 
ern door opened inwards, ihe southern outwards. 
The only possible use was lo allow a great number of 



people to pass through the chapel, by the upper and 
lower doors simultaneously, to venerate relics. The 
present building is mainly early 14th-century. In 
the Pipe Roll 14 Henry III (i 230) 50*. was allowed lo 
ihe sheriff for his disbursement of so much lo ihe 
priesi of St. Catherine's Chapel, by which it would seem 
that the chapel, in the old royal manor of Godalming, 
was still in ihe king's hands. The subordinale manor 
of Arlington was then held by the co-heiresses of 
Stephen Turn ham. 

In 1317 Richard de Wauncey, rector of St. 
Nicholas, had rebuilt the chapel and received 
licence for ils consecraiion after rebuilding. 111 
He had bought it and the neighbouring ground from 
the holders of ihe manor of Arlington before 1301. 
Andrew Braboeuf granted by charter to Richard de 
Wauncey, rector of St. Nicholas, and his successors, 
all his rights on Drake Hill and in the chapel of St. 
Catherine. 11 ' But in 1 3 1 7 ihe king appointed Robert 
de Kyrkeby to the chapel of Arlington, belonging to 
ihe king because ihe lands of John ihe Marshal were 
in ihe king's hands. The rector's grant had been 
annulled, and in 1318 the chapel was granted to 
Richard le Constable, chaplain to ihe king and rector 
of St. Mary's, Guildford. 1 " But in 1328 Bernard 
Brocas, rector of St. Nicholas, received a grant of the 
chapel, 114 and ihe apparenlly delayed consecraiion 
was carried oul "* in spite of the remonstrance of Con- 
stable. The chapel was valuable because attached to 
it was the right of holding a fair on St. Matlhew's 
Day, and receiving ihe tolls. The lord of ihe manor 
of Godalming, the Bishop of Salisbury, had, however, 
certain dues from the fair. In the Godalming Hun- 
dred Rolls "' the steward accounled to the lord for 
3/. Afd., perquisiles from the fair pro agro, picaglo, stal- 
lagio, et dlvertis occupationibus. On 22 September 1453 
the tithing-man of Arlington presented one absentee 
and nine persons for breaking ihe assize of ale al the 
fair. This probably comprised all the inhabitants. 
At least a century later there were only eleven men, 
for in 1 546 the courl presented that all the inhabit- 
ants of Arlington were sellers of beer al ihe lime of 
ihe fair, and paid according lo ancient custom id. 
each, hence the sum of lid. was due, and paid. At 
this time the manor was in the king's hands, and ihese 
dues were going to him and not to the rector of St. 
Nicholas. The episcopal registers are silent as to 
appointmenls lo the chaplaincy, and it may be that 
the rectors failed to provide payment for a separate 
priest. The chapel itself iherefore may have 
become disused. Il does nol appear among ihe 
chapels or chantries suppressed under Edward VI. In 
1653 John Manship, presented lo St. Nicholas by the 
Parliament, sold his rights in ihe fair to Mr. Wight, 
lord of the manor of Braboeuf; and Sir William More, 
lord of the manor of Godalming, failed to recover ihe 
lolls in a Chancery suit. 117 Mr. Wight's representa- 
tives have since enjoyed the tolls of the fair, which are 



100 See below under Peper Harow. It 
is also called * one quarter of Arlington 
manor.' 

wplac. dt Quo War. (Rec. Com.), 
741. 

1M Chan. Inq. p.m. 6 Edw. II, no. 57. 

'"PipeR. 13 Edw. II. 'Susse* Ob- 
lata.' 

104 Cal. Pat. 1321-4, p. 295. 

105 Inq. a.q.d. ccrcviii, 7 ; Montagu 
Burrows, Hiit. of Family ofBrocat, 432,434. 

3 



IM The records of two leases, one in 
1 500, the other in 1 503, are among the 
deeds of the Brocas family ; ibid. 436. 

10 7 P.C.C. Will 1571, 46 Holney. 

108 Close, 28 Eliz. pt. xviii. 

109 Chan. Inq. p.m. (Ser. 2), cclxiv, 
179. 

110 Winton Epis. Reg. Stratford, foL 43*. 
m Winton Epis. Reg. Sandal, pt. 2, 

fol. i2b. 

UJ Charter among Loseley MSS. 

9 



Chart. 1 8 Edw. II; cf. Parl. R. 
(Rec. Com.), ii, 378. 

114 Pat 2 Edw. Ill, pt. ii, m. 9. 

115 Winton Epis. Reg. Stratford, fol.43*. 
ue Loseley MSS. Godalming Hundred 

Court, 21 Sept. 1377. 

"'The Chancery reference cannot be 
found ; the fact is alluded to in Loseley 
letters, and was vouched for by Manning 
and Bray. A copy of the pleadings is at 
Loseley. 



A HISTORY OF SURREY 



now insignificant. At the change of style it was 
brought on to 2 October. Within the memory of 
the last generation universal selling of beer by the in- 
habitants continued, and the fair was of real com- 
mercial importance. Turner drew the chapel in Liber 
Studiorum. The old Portsmouth road went over the 
hill, near the chapel, and a cross-way led to the ferry, 
which is probably on the site of the ford for the 
Pilgrims' way. The fair was at the crossways. 

Caleb Lovejoy in 1 677 left property 

CHARITIES in Sonthwark for the teaching and 

apprenticing of boys in the parish, the 



preaching of a sermon, and the providing of a dinner, 
on the anniversary of his death. The surplus was to 
go to the foundation of almshouses for poor women. 
In fact the property was insufficient, and the alms- 
houses were not built till 1841. They hold four 
women. They are nearly on the site of the house of 
Caleb Lovejoy's father, which can be fixed from an 
agreement recorded in the Parish Register. 

George Ben brick in 1682 gave sums charged on 
land at Alton and at Shalford for poor freemen (of 
the borough) or their widows residing in St. 
Nicholas. 



CHIDDINGFOLD 



Chedelingefelt (xii cent.) ; Chidingefalde(xiiicent.) ; 
Chudyngfold (xiv cent.). Twenty-eight different 
spellings are found. 

The parish of Chiddingfold lies between Haslemere 
and Witley on the west, Godalming and Hambledon 
on the north, Dunsfold on the east, and Sussex on 
the south. Part of the parish was transferred to 
the ecclesiastical parish of Grayswood in 1 900. The 
village is 7 miles south of Godalming. The area is 
7,036 acres of land, and 7 of water. The soil is the 
Wealden Clay, very deep and tenacious in wet weather, 
but not unfertile. The parish is well wooded. The 
oak flourishes as usual upon this soil, and the ash is 
grown commercially for the making of walking-sticks 
and umbrellas. There are tile and brick works. 

Formerly glass-making was largely carried on. The 
industry was curiously persistent, though not probably 
continuous, in the neighbourhood. Much Roman 
glass, some of it now in the museum of the Surrey 
Archaeological Society at Guildford, has been found 
in Chiddingfold. Remains of a Roman villa exist, 
but the glass is more abundant than would necessarily 
be the case were it merely the rubbish from one house, 
and probably glass was made here. In the 1 3 th century 
(c. 1225-30) Simon de Stokas granted land in 
Chiddingfold, at Dyer's Cross, to Laurence the Glass- 
maker. 1 The history of the industry in the I4th 
century, and under Elizabeth, is dealt with in an 
earlier volume of this history.' On Thursday after 
Michaelmas, 1440, John Courtemulle of Chidding- 
fold was presented and fined for leather-dressing outside 
a market town. These country industries are con- 
tinually noted, the same people being fined again 
and again. 

The Godalming Hundred Rolls show that the 
parish was divided into two tithings of Chiddingfold 
Magna and Chiddingfold Parva in 1538. Earlier 
there had been three, Chiddingfold Magna to the 
west, Pokeford or Chiddingfold Parva to the east, 
Sittinghurst in the middle, afterwards merged in 
Chiddingfold Parva. The rolls show * that there were 
at least eight bridges, Southbrugge or Stonebridge, 
Middilbrugge, Pokeford Bridge, Bothedenesbrigge, 
Hazelbridge, Godleybridge, Jayesbridge, and Dene- 
brugge, reparable by the Villa de Chudyngfold, and 
complaints were constant of the bad state of repair 
or the flooding of the via regia, the road, no doubt, 
which runs from Godalming through Hambledon and 
Chiddingfold into Sussex, which was reparable by certain 

1 D. in Surr. Arch. Society's Museum. ' ; 



tenants in Chiddingfold, and easily became impassable 
on the heavy clay. It was continually submersa, or 
profunda, or noxia. There are traces of another 
old road in the parish, running north-eastward 
towards Dunsfold. The common over which this 
road goes is always High Street Common on old 
maps and deeds. Rye Street is parallel to it on the 
north. There were two mills at Sittinghurst and le 
Estmull. But the most remarkable presentment to be 
made at a Hundred Court is that on 29 September 
1483, when Richard Skynner of Chiddingfold 'non 
venit admissam in festialibus diebus sed vivit suspiciose'; 
was a Lollard, in short. The lord of the hundred 
was a bishop, we may remember. 

There are no references to common fields in the 
rolls in Chiddingfold, though they are frequent in 
Godalming proper. There seem never to have been 
common fields in the Weald, which was scarcely in- 
habited, or thinly inhabited only, in 1086 and before 
then. Nevertheless the common lands of the manor 
of Godalming within Chiddingfold were inclosed 
under an award dated 1811, now in the custody of 
the clerk of the peace. 

There is a Congregational chapel, built in 1871, 
and a small Particular Baptist chapel at Ramsnest 
Common. 

Schools were built at private expense in 1868, and 
in 1872 at Anstead Brook. 

Chiddingfold and its neighbourhood abound in 
ancient farm-houses and cottages, prominent among 
which may be mentioned Lythe Hill Farm, with half- 
timber work of two periods, 
the richer and later being a 
gabled wing with square and 
circle patterns in the timber 
framing, probably c. 1580; 
but the main body of the 
house is at least half a century 
earlier. The wing is panelled, 
and has a good mantelpiece of 
c. 1700. It was owned by 
the Quenell, Quenel, or Quy- 
neld family, to which, as the 
name is uncommon, the Quy- 
nolds who held land at Ware, 
Hertfordshire, in the I4th 
century, may have belonged. 




QUINILL of Chidding- 
fold. Azure a cross ar- 
gent between tvn rases or 
in the chief and tvnf curs- 
de-lit argent in the foot. 



They were in Chiddingfold in the I4th and 
centuries. Peter Quenell, of Lythe Hill, died in 1559, 

'Hund. Ct. 27 Apr. 1357, inter alia. 



, Surr. ii, 195. 
IO 



GODALMING HUNDRED 



CHIDDINGFOLD 



and was buried at Chiddingfold. His father was John 
Quenell, as was shown by a monument formerly at 
Haslemere. Peter's eldest son Thomas died in 1571; 
he married Agnes Irelond. 4 His brother Robert 
Quenell succeeded to Lythe Hill. He became owner 
of the Imbhams iron furnace in Chiddingfold (the 
works probably reached into Haslemere) after 1574.* 
Robert died in 1612.' His wife was Elizabeth Hall, 
heiress of George Hall of Field, Compton, whence 
the Quenells came to Field." Their son Peter, who 
was born in 1580 and died in 1650, was a gentleman 
of coat armour at the Heralds' Visitation in 1623. 
He made guns for the king when the Civil War was 
breaking out, and his son Peter tried to raise a Royalist 
company in 1642, but it was soon disarmed. 7 Peter 
married his cousin Alice Cranley. Their son Peter, 
born in 1605, served in the king's army, and was 
nominated as one of the intended knights of the 
Royal Oak. He died 1666, and was buried at 
Compton. His son Peter sold Imbhams to William 
Golden, 8 and perhaps also sold Lythe Hill. 

Hallands is another well-preserved timber house, 
of the 1 6th century, smaller, and of a plain oblong 
plan, with a lean-to against one of the long sides, 
a great chimney in the centre, having two large 
open fireplaces, back to back, in the kitchen and 
parlour on the ground floor, and sleeping apart- 
ments on the floor over, the upper story being 
bracketed out on three sides and the gable ends fur- 
ther projected. The brackets are of a classical scroll 
pattern. 

The Crown Inn, opposite the church, retains a fine 
14th-century king-post roof, over what was originally 
the open hall. A curious feature of the exterior is 
the canted wing in the rear, the angle of which has 
been planned askew to conform to the line of an 
ancient passage way. This wing, which is of massive 
timber framing, has an overhanging upper story, 
showing the projecting ends of the floor joists, stif- 
fened with occasional brackets. There is a fine example 
of the corner-post at the angle of the main front, the 
bracket of which has been hewn out of the solid butt 
of a tree. Besides some excellent examples of oak- 
joisted ceilings and panelling, the interior contains 
two or three ancient fireplaces, one of which, on the 
ground floor, has a massive moulded and arched beam 
over the wide opening." Two of the adjacent cottages 
show ancient features, such as four-centred arches of 
brick to first-floor fireplaces, and half-timber walls. 

The manorial rights have always be- 
M4NORS longed to the lords of Godalming. Chid- 
dingfold was a tithing of Godalming 
Hundred. 10 Three tithing-men reported for it in 
Godalming courts. No separate court was ever held 
for Chiddingfold as a manor, although Edward I 
in 1 300 granted a fair to the Bishop of Salisbury at his 



' manor of Chiddingfold.' " The fair was to be held 
yearly on the eve, day, and morrow of the Nativity 
of St. Mary (7-9 September). At the same time the 
bishop had a grant of a weekly market on Tuesday, 
but both have long ceased to be held. As living in the 
royal demesne the tenants were free from tolls else- 
where." The rents from tenants at Chiddingfold 
formed a considerable item in the profits of Godalm- 
ing Manor. The latter included in 1543 the holders 
of Killinghurst, ' le Crown,' and Pockford," and in 
1 60 1 the rent of assize from free tenants in Chidding- 
fold amounted to 9 6/. 8$</." 

4SHURST or FRIDINGHURST (Ayshurst, xiii 
cent. ; Fridinghurst or Ashurst, xvi cent, et seq.). 
The site of Fridinghurst manor-house is in Fril- 
linghurst Copse ; the Court House is now attached to 
a labourer's cottage. The existing Court Rolls com- 
mence in 1550. The manor contains 1,134 acrcs > 
chiefly in Chiddingfold, but also in Thursley (anciently 
Witley), Shalford, and Hascombe, with reputed mem- 
bers in Witley. 

A Stephen de Hassehurst in the 1 3th century, and 
Margaret atte Assch and Richard Asshehurst, both 
holding Frithinghurst Mead at Pockford in the 1 4th 
century, are known to have existed." 

There was an ancient manor of Ashurst in Witley 
which included in 1369 a fishery in Frithinghurst 
and a meadow called Frithinghurstmead. 16 Frithing- 
hurstmead was afterwards part of the Fridinghurst 
property," but not properly belonging to the manor. 
It seems that the manor of Ashurst in Witley, with 
members in Chiddingfold, drops out of sight, while 
the manor of Fridinghurst, with members in Witley, 
appears. The history of Ashurst in Witley is as 
follows : 

Henry of Guildford held land of Queen Margaret, 
including what was afterwards parcel of Fridinghurst 
Manor. 18 

The separate existence of Ashurst Park probably 
dates from the grant of free warren to Henry of 
Guildford in his demesne lands of Chiddingfold." 
This took place in 1303, and in 1312 Henry of 
Guildford was returned as holding tenements called 
Ashurst and Bovelythe (in Thursley) of the Witley 
manor. 10 

The park of Ashurst came into the king's pos- 
session, but was not always in the same custody 
as that of Witley until near the end of the i6th 
century." In 1363 the farmer of Witley Manor 
stated in his account that the rent of 1 6s. SJ. 
due from the tenant of Ashurst had not been paid for 
more than eight years because it was held by the 
king." Later the manor and park were granted to 
Adam Pinkhurst, one of the archers of Edward III ; n 
but six months afterwards, in June 1378, Philip 
Walwayn the elder had a grant of the manor and 



4 Will printed in Surr. Arch. Coll. vol. 
XT. 

* V.C.H. Surr. ii, 271. 

6 Chiddingfold Reg. 

** Hundred Court 1357, Subsidy R. 
1487. 

1 Loseley MSS. I Aug. 1642. 

Vide infra. 

' See Ralph Nevill, F.S.A., Old Cottage 
and Domestic Arcbit. Soutb-*vest Surr. 
(2nd edit.), 59. The Rev. T. S. Cooper 
has copied ancient deeds which make 
mention of a building on this site in 1 383, 
the 'aula' spoken of being in all likeli- 



hood the shell of the existing building 
with its fine roof. Under the date I $48 
a later deed refers to some additions lately 
made to ' le Croune * perhaps the canted 
wing above described. 

> Par!. Writ, (Rec. Com.), ii (3), 338 ; 
Erch. Mins.Accts. Surr. 34 & 35 Hen. VII, 
Div. Co. R. 64, m. 21. 

11 Chart. R. 28 Edw. I, m. 6, no. 24 ; 
Cart. Antiq. H.H. 21. 

"Add. MS. (B.M.) 19572. 

" Eh. Mins.Accts.34 & 35 Hen.VIII, 
Div. Co. R. 64, m. 21. 

14 Pat. 43 Eliz. pt. xvi. 

II 



15 Deeds in hands of Mr. James Sadler 
of Chiddingfold. 

16 Mins. Accts. bdle. loio, no. 5. 
W Ibid. 

18 Chan. Inq. p.m. 6 Edw. II, no. 57. 

19 Chart. R. 3 1 Edw. I, m. 2. But 
Ashurst Park was probably partly at least 
in Witley. 

90 Chan. Inq. p.m. 6 Edw. II, no. 

91 Mins. Accts. bdle. ioio,no. 5 ; ibid, 
no. 7. 

M Ibid. bdle. 1015, no. 9. 
98 Cal. Pat. 1377-81, p. 104. 



A HISTORY OF SURREY 



park for life in lieu of an annuity of 10" In April 
1379 a commission was issued for inquiry touching 
the persons who, ' in no small number both of horse 
and foot,' broke into the park, killed and carried away 
the deer, and intimidated the parker in his lodge. 15 It 
is a significant fact that in October of the same year 
masons, carpenters, and other workmen were repairing 
Ashurst manor-house." The house was still under 
repair in 1385, when Philip Walwayn and William 
Taillard were given power to take sufficient carpenters 
and labourers for the work, and to ' imprison the dis- 
obedient.' " Walter Bedell had a grant of the manor 
and park in 14.38. In 1445 the sheriff accounted 
for Ashurst Park and Manor. 19 They were granted 
for life in 1464 to George, Duke of Clarence, who 
conveyed them, with other lands, to trustees on 
'going across the sea in the King's service ' in I47S. M 
In 1479, a year after the attainder of the Duke of 
Clarence, the same custodian, Thomas Wintershull, 
held both Witley and Ashurst, described in the singular 
as ' the manor.' " 

Ashurst, in Witley, as a separate manor from 
Witley, now drops out of sight. Ashurst Park was 
probably united with Witley Park, to which it seems 
to have been adjacent (in the hollow to the east of the 
top of Hindhead). Fridinghurst was probably carved 
out of members of Ashurst and Chiddingfold by a 
successful intrusion of the Husseys of Hascombe. For, 
referring back to 1438, we find Walter Bedell, then 
appointed custodian, engaged in a suit against Henry 
Hussey for usurping rents of Ashurst." 

The manor of Ashurst and Fridinghurst came later 
into the possession of the Forde family. Edmund 
Forde, who acquired it from Henry Windsor and 
Eleanor his wife in 1 549," held the first court of which 
record remains in 1 55o,and in 1 560 Thomas Rythe and 
Constance his wife and John Hussey further confirmed 
to Forde." It passed from Forde to Blackwell. In 
1567 Thomas Blackwell held his first court, in 1583 
Margaret Blackwell his widow, 
in 1586 William Blackwell, in 
1 6o8Henry Blackwell. Ini6io 
Henry and William Blackwell, 
brothers, sold the manor to 
John Middleton of Horsham 
and Thomas Burdett of Abin- 
ger for i , i oo." They held 
their first court in 161 1, and 
conveyed the manor in 1622 
to Peter Quenell of Chidding- 
fold and Thomas Payne of 
Pitfold.* 6 But in 1625 Henry 
Hooke of Bramshott held his 
first court ; in May 1679 John 
Hooke his son, and in 1685 
John and his wife Griselda, and their son Henry and 
Elizabeth his wife conveyed the manor to William 




HOOKE of Bramshott. 
Quarterly table and ar- 
gent a cross quarterly be- 
tween four scallops all 
countercohvred. 




Salmon," who held his first court in 1687. It passed 
to Salmon's daughter, who married William Bishop. 
In 1717 William Bishop held his first court, with 
Elizabeth his wife. In 1725 George Bishop, their 
son, held his first court; in 1733 William Bishop 
held a court ; and courts were held in this name up 
to 1778, probably by father and son; In 1783 the 
court was held in the name of William Bishop, a 
minor; in 1804 by W. Bishop; in 1835 by his 
widow and John Cuming Bishop, a minor ; in 1877 
by Henry Parlett Bishop. 

The manor and certain outlying portions bought 
at various times by the lord are distinguished in 
conveyances. 

GOSTRODE reputed M4NOR was held of Poyle in 
Guildford. Edward of Gostrode held 10 acres of 
land in Chiddingfold in 1254-5, which he had 
inherited from his father Alwin 
of Gostrode, who had it of the 
grant of Nigel of Littleton. 88 
Later in the same century 
William of Gostrode was one 
of the tenants of Poyle for a 
house and 40 acres of land, 
not a manor. 39 His son Thur- 
stan paid relief for a messuage 
and 5 2 acres of land in Chid- 
dingfold in 1302-3.* John 
of Gostrode was the Bishop 
of Salisbury's bailiff in God- 
aiming about the year 1320." 
In May 1325 another William of Gostrode was 
pardoned for acquiring js. rent in Chiddingfold 
from John de la Poyle without licence. 4 * William 
died c. 1328, and was succeeded by his son William,** 
who held of the king because of the minority of John 
de la Poyle. He was probably the one free tenant 
who held at Chiddingfold of John de la Poyle in 
1332.** 

After the death of William about twenty years 
later his son Thurstan of Gostrode inherited tenements 
in Chiddingfold which were part of Henry de la 
Poyle's serjeanty in Guildford and Stoke,* 4 and con- 
sisted of a messuage, 40 acres of land, and 1 2 acres of 
wood.' 6 This Thurstan was still living in 1372.** 
William Novell of Gostrode held Dyers in Chidding- 
fold before William Hammond, who was the tenant 
in 1547.*" The Peytoes preceded the Chalcrofts 
till 1659. Gostrode was in the possession of John 
Chalcroft in the 1 8th century, and passed at his 
death to one of his sisters, Hannah widow of Richard 
Hughes." 

Gostrode is now a farm in the south of Chiddingfold 
belonging to Mr. Luttmare-Johnson. 

COMBE BR4BIS was held of the manor of Bra- 
boeuf in Arlington by a rent of 2/. and services, 
and therefore was separated before the statute of 



PoYLr. Argent a sal- 
tire gules in a border sablt 
bexanty. 



M Cal. Pat. 1377-81, p. 257. 

Ibid. 361. Ibid. 398. 

"Hbid. 1381-5, p. 584. 

28 Pat. 16 Hen. VI, pt. i, m. 25. 

* Foreign Accts. 23 Hen. VI, no. 79, 
m. i. 

Cal.Pat. 14.61-7, p. 328 ; ibid. 1467- 
77, PP- 457, 829. 

81 Ibid. 87, 381. 

M Eieh. R. 18 Hen. VI, m. 45. 

88 Feet of F. SUIT. Mich. 3 Edw. VI; 
Recov. R. Hil. 3 Edw. VI, rot. 349. 

84 Feet of F. Mich. 2 & 3 Eliz. Misc. Co. 



85 Close, 7 Ja. I, pt. xlv ; Feet of F. 
Surr. East. 8 Jas, I. 

86 Close, 20 Jas. I, pt. xxiv, no. 1 5. 
"7 Feet of F. Surr. East. I Jas. II. 

88 Assize R.872, m. 8. This land was an- 
cient demesne, aspart of Godalming Manor. 

89 Chan. Inq. p.m. 27 Edw. I, no. 44. 

40 Abbrev. Rot. Orig. i, 244. 

41 Parl. Writs (Rec. Com.), ii (2), 217, 
939. In 1337, and again in 1343, John 
Gostrode witnessed conveyances dated at 
Arlington ; Montagu Burrows, Hist, of tit 
Brocas Family, 430-1, 

12 



4a Cal. Pat. 1324-7, p. 1 20. 

43 Chan. Inq. p.m. 2 Edw. Ill (ist 
nos.), no. 43. 

44 Ibid. 6 Edw. Ill (ist nos.), no. 24, 

45 Ibid. 28 Edw. Ill (ist nos.), no. 34. 

46 Abbrev. Rot. Orig. (Rec. Com.), ii, 
244. 

4 ? He witnessed a grant at Chidding- 
fold dated Sunday after St. Andrew, 
1372 ; Add. Chart. 24654. 

48 Misc. Bks. (Land Rev.), vol. 190, 
fol. 230. 

49 Manning and Bray, Hwr. Surr.i, 650 




CHIDDINGFOLD : THE CROWN INN 




CHIDDINCFOLD CHURCH: NAVE AND CHANCEL IN 1868, BEFORE RESTORATION 



GODALMING HUNDRED 



CHIDDINGFOLD 



Quia Emptom. It was held by the Purvoch family, 
and a rental of Thomas Purvoch of 1 507 is in 
evidence. 50 Laurence Rawsterne, husband of Anne 
daughter of Thomas Purvoch, jun., son of the above- 
mentioned Thomas, sold Combe in 1546 to William 
Hammond," who had other lands in Chiddingfold 
which passed to Henry Hooke, 5 * clothier, of Godal- 
ming. The latter held his first court in 1560, and 
his son John held a court at Combe in 1571-2 and 
'577-8; ne sold the manor in 1592 to William 
Peyto, a yeoman." John Peyto of Pound, son of 
William, died seised of the manor of Combe Brabis 
in 1616." 

John Peyto left two daughters, Anise and Eliza- 
beth. Anise married John Courtneshe of Chidding- 
fold, yeoman, in 1630, who in 1632 bought Eliza- 
beth's share of the manor. 45 He held his last court 
in 1676, and died i68i. M William his son held a 
court in 1 694, and in 1711 conveyed the manor to 
Henry Welland of Witley, yeoman." Henry Welland 
died I739, 58 leaving a son Thomas, who held his 
first court in 1745, and 
died 1 749 ; his son Tho- 
mas died unmarried 1758. 

The manor went to 
Thomas's three cousins 
Anne, Jenny, and Mar- 
garet. Their trustees con- 
veyed two-thirds to Mr. 
John Leech, of Alton, co. 
Hants, surgeon, in 1764, 
and the remainder in 
1768. Mr. Leech died 
in 1778. His son John 
died intestate 1786. Mr. 
Leech, his son, by agree- 
ment dated 22 Septem- 
ber 1803, released to the 
tenants of the manor all 
heriots, fines, reliefs, ser- 
vices, &c., and put an 
end to the manor's ex- 
istence, they on their part 
surrendering their com- 
mon rights in the waste. 69 
Combe Court was built by Mr. John Storer about 
fifty years after this. 

PRESTW1CK, otherwise HIGH PRESTWICK, 
ind OKEL4NDS, otherwise ROOKELAND or 
NOOKEL4ND, were dependencies of Catteshull in 
Godalming. 60 High Prestwick and Prestwick are 
tenements which were of some importance in the 
early history of Chiddingfold. 61 Robert of Prestwick 
and William Prestwick witnessed deeds at Chidding- 
fold in the 1 4th century. 6 ' A little later Sir Thomas 
Fleming was possessed of a tenement called Prestwick, 
which included land extending from Fridinghurst to 



the land of Robert of Prestwick and from Prestwick 
Hatch to Shoelands. 63 

But this (Great) Prestwick to the west of Chidding- 
fold, to which the family of the same name belonged, 
was not part of the lands of the manor, which was at 
High Prestwick, and should probably be rightly 
called Oke or Okelands. A Richard de Oke, or 
del Hoc, witnessed local deeds in the 131)1 century. 
In 1316 Richard Lawrens conveyed land out of the 
tenement called ' del Ok ' to William Frensh. Richard 
Frensh, heir of William, in 1327 granted to Robert 
de Prestwick money to be paid out of tenements held 
of Oke. This brings the Prestwicks first into con- 
nexion with Oke, afterwards High Prestwick, to 
which, perhaps, they gave the name. In 1434 a 
Robert Prestwick had a life interest in a moiety of 
the manor. 64 In 1581 the demesne lands were 
divided between Thomas Hull and Thomas Ropley.* 4 * 
The farm and land called ' High Prestwick formed 
part of the estate settled by Sir William Elliott on 
his wife Joan in February 1620 I. 65 




ifeer 



PLAN OF CHIDDINGFOLD CHURCH 



The existing Court Rolls date from 1649, after 
the manor had been divided. Courts were held 
between 1649 and 1676 by Richard Baker and 
Robert Elliott, in 1697 and 1711 by Henry Baker 
and Thomas Elliott. In 1723 Henry Holloway, 
husband of Elizabeth, only surviving child of Henry 
Baker, and Richard Elliott held a court. Henry 
Holloway died in 1755, leaving his property to his 
daughter's son Stephen Mills. Stephen Mills and 
Richard Elliott held a court in 1762. Stephen 
Mills died in 1772. His heir was his sister Mary 
the wife of William Sadler of Chiddingfold, yeoman. 



40 Information kindly supplied by Mr. 
Percy Woods of Guildford. 

51 Feet of F. Surr. 37 Hen. VIII. He 
held courts there in 1550; Add. MS. 
(B.M.) 6167, fol. 107. 

' Misc. Bks. (Land. Rev.), cxc, 230. 

"As early as 1559 Thomas Peyto, 
father of William, had bequeathed land 
at Combe to his wife Agnes j Chan. Proc. 
(Ser. 2), bdle. 10, no. 101. 

64 Chan. Inq. p.m. (Ser. 2), ccclxxviii, 
139. 

" Deeds fena Rev. T. S. Cooper. 



Par. Reg. 

'7 Ct. R. ; cf. Manning ind Bray, Hist. 
Surr. i f 651, 

58 Par. Reg. Witley. 

* Deeds of Mr. James Sadler, Chid- 
dingfold. o Deed, ibid. 

61 Manning and Bray (Hist. Surr. i, 652) 
state that Prestwick was a manor, the 
demesne lands of which were divided into 
moieties in 1580 (correctly 1581), one 
moiety being in the tenure of Thomas Hull 
and the other in that of Thomas Ropley ; 
that Hull's moiety eventually came to 

13 



Nicholas Elliott and Ropley'i to Richard 
Baker ; and that Elliott's moiety eventually 
descended to Thomas Smyth, and Baker's 
to William Sadler. The Ropleys of Rod- 
gate held various lands in the parish up to 
1621, including Magwicks. 

" Add. Chart. 24.654, 26628. 

88 Rentals and Surv. (P.R.O.), R. 628. 

64 Deeds in possession of Mr. Jamel 
Sadler of Chiddingfold. 

64a Abstract of deed penet Rev. T. S. 
Cooper. 

HarL Chart. 57, H. 43. 



A HISTORY OF SURREY 



Richard Elliott died in 1785, leaving his moiety to 
his nephew Thomas Smyth of Burgate. It came 
eventually to his six daughters in 1837, and they sold 
in 1838 to Mr. James Sadler, son of William Sadler 
above. Mr. James Sadler of Cherfold, his descendant, 
is now, therefore, lord of the whole manor. 

There are certain scattered lands in Chiddingfold 
known as College Lands, which were granted by Sir 
Thomas St. Leger, brother-in-law of Edward IV, for 
the formation of his chantry in St. George's Chapel, 
Windsor, 30 March 1481."" They were in the 
hands of the chapter of Windsor and then of the 
Ecclesiastical Commissioners, and were eventually sold 
to Mr. Sadler, lord of Prestwick Manor. 

The church of ST. MARY, on slightly 
CHURCH rising ground in the centre of the village, 
stands in a beautifully shaded churchyard, 
entered through a modern lich-gate. The ivy, with 
which the whole church is overgrown, conceals many 
features of archaeological interest. A few of the ojd 
wooden ' bed-heads' are still to be seen in the church- 
yard. 

The church is built of Bargate stone rubble, with 
external dressings of the same stone, but the internal 
masonry is chiefly in clunch and firestone. In Crack- 
low's view (1823) and in pre-restoration photographs 
the outside face is shown as covered with a thin coat 
of plaster, which has been removed, together with 
most of the ' healing ' of Horsham slabs which then 
covered the greater part of the roofs, an edging only 
being left at the eaves. 

In plan the building consists of nave 39 ft. by 
T 9 ft. 9 in., having aisles 9 ft. 6 in. wide before the 
restoration, but that on the north has been widened to 
1 7 ft. 9 in., and lengthened a few feet to the west ; a 
wide and shallow south porch, 8 ft. 6 in. by 8 ft. ; chancel 
346. 3 in. by l6ft. gin., chapel on the north of 
the same length, and 1 1 ft. wide ; and west tower 
about 1 5 ft. square internally, with a modern heating 
chamber on the north. Originally the nave and its 
aisles (as at Alfold) made almost a square. 

Between the nave and its aisles are exceptionally lofty 
arcades of four narrow arches. The chapel originally 
opened into the chancel by two arches, and by a half 
arch into the nave ; a third, with the intervening 
pillar, was added to the west in 1870 in the course of 
a 'restoration ' of an exceptionally destructive character. 
A great deal of the external stonework seems to have 
been renewed or re-tooled ; the chancel arch, an in- 
teresting early 1 3th-century example, was taken down 
and rebuilt with heightened piers, being made central 
with the nave, instead of with the chancel, as before. 
The north aisle was rebuilt on a much extended plan, 
the windows in the north wall of the chapel were re- 
newed to a different design and shifted. The ancient 
east windows in the chancel and chapel and those in 
the south aisle exceptionally valuable examples of 
early tracery were largely renewed in Bath stone, the 
former being shortened ; and the quaint and charac- 
teristic 17th-century tower was raised some 146., 
the whole being dressed up to imitate 1 3th-century 
work. 

There is some possibility that the nave occupies 
the same area as a pre-Conquest original, and that 



portions of its quoins remain in the piers at the angles. 
This would account for the extraordinary loftiness of the 
arcade walls which are no less than 23 ft. in height, 
the measurement to the top of the capitals of the 
octagonal pillars being about 146. Sin. These 
pillars, which are I ft. 10 in. in diameter, have an 
unpleasantly drawn-out appearance, resembling in 
this the somewhat similar late nave arcades of Oxted 
Church. They have octagonal capitals and bases, 
flatly moulded, and the arches of two orders, a hollow 
and a chamfer, are slightly four-centred. There is 
reason to believe that they are as late as the end of 
the I Jth or the beginning of the 1 6th century, and 
that they superseded much earlier arcades of normal 
proportions, with, perhaps, a row of clearstory win- 
dows over them, which would be very necessary for 
the lighting of the nave under the older arrangement. 
Most probably, with the rebuilding of the arcades, 
dormer windows were introduced in the nave roof. 
It seems clear that the southern arcade was shifted 
2 ft. to the southward in rebuilding." 

The early church would appear to have remained 
till the end of the 1 2th century, when aisles were 
added to the nave, and the forerunners of the 
present arcades were pierced through the older walls. 
These had pillars spaced as the later ones, and 
probably circular. The old stones greenish fire- 
stone were reworked and used again with the 
clunch employed for the new work, and the keel- 
moulding between quirked hollows that formed the 
outer order of the first arcades was re-used in part in 
the northern arches. Part of what may have been 
one of the earlier capitals was lying loose in the tower 
some years ago. It was decorated with foliage. 

The aisles were probably quite narrow as first built 
not more than about 6 ft. 6 in. in width. The west 
window of the south aisle remains in its original 
position, and is a narrow lancet only 7 in. wide. 
In the early part of the I4th century the outer walls 
were rebuilt so as to add another 3 ft. to the width, 
the inner and outer doorways of the porch being 
moved outwards and rebuilt in the new work. The 
outer doorway has a pointed arch, with hood-mould- 
ing, and shafts having moulded capitals, the abacus 
of which is prolonged. 

Before restoration the porch retained a foliated 
barge-board and a string-course of 14th-century date. 
The inner doorway is of plainer character, and a small 
holy-water stoup of 1 4th or 15th-century date is in 
the angle adjoining. To the eastward in the south 
wall is a square-headed three-light window, which, 
together with one to the west of the porch, and that 
in the east end of this aisle, dates from the recon- 
struction of the aisle in about 1330 ; the last two, 
however, had been deprived of their tracery, which 
has been restored. In the three-light window this 
was of a net pattern, which is somewhat unusual in 
conjunction with a square head." Two shallow 
tomb-recesses remain in the outer face of the eastern 
part of this wall. They have segmental-arched heads 
with mouldings of 14th-century character. 

The chancel in its rebuilding, about 1230, was 
probably greatly extended. It is spacious and lofty, 
with a stately row of five lancets and a priest's door in 



65s Cat. Pat. 1476-85, p. 269 



" These early examples of the quare ham, Fetcham, Cobham, Dorking (before 



L.. i , 1470-05, p. 209. nese early examples ot tne square nam, l<etcham, Uobham, Dorking (before 

86 This would give a width of 1 7 ft. 9 in. head in tracery windows are exceptionally rebuilding), and Godalming are other in- 
r the original nave. numerous in Surrey and Sussex. Bislev. stances in Siirrrv wh*r* tM fir** nf 



for the original nave. 



numerous in Surrey and Sussex. Bisley, 
Wanborough, St. Mary's Guildford, Ock- 

14 



stances in Surrey where this type of 
window occurs. 




CHIDDINGFOLD CHURCH FROM THE SOUTH-EAST IN 1868, BEFORE RESTORATION 




CHIDDINGFOLD CHURCH FROM THE SOUTH-WEST IN 1868, BEFORE RESTORATION 



GODALMING HUNDRED 



CHIDDINGFOLD 



the southern wall. The western lancet has a sill- 
transom, below which is a low side window, at present 
glazed, but the rebate and hooks for the shutter 
remain. In the same wall, to the east, are a good 
trefoil-headed piscina of c. 1260, and the original 
piscina with oak credence shelf, nearer to the altar, 
which has been turned into an aumbry. This wall 
and the east wall have a chamfered plinth and the 
original buttresses, with their stone water-tables, in 
good preservation. 

The work to the chancel was either altered soon 
after its erection, or, more probably, resumed after 
suspension for lack of funds or some other reason. 
Then, in about 1260, the north chapel was built, and 
the present east window put in the chancel. It will 
be noted that the wall between the chancel and chapel 
is thinner than the outer walls, which seems to indi- 
cate that the two had been planned at the same time, 
although built with an interval. The eastern part of 
the partition wall is blank ; the western has two 
pointed arches of two orders a chamfer and a hollow 
resting upon an octagonal column and semi- 
octagonal responds, only the column having a capital 
and base of plain section. The space to the west- 
ward was pierced in 1870 with another smaller arch, 
thus making a second column in place of the respond. 
The windows of this chapel are practically new, except 
that in the east wall, which has been renewed upon the 
old lines. It is of two trefoiled lights with a quatre- 
foil in the head. The east window of the chancel, 
very gracefully proportioned, of three trefoiled lights 
with three trefoiled circles over, within an inclosing 
arch and hood-moulding, is a most valuable example 
of its period, c. 1260. In 1870, very reprehen- 
sibly, its lights were shortened about i8in. There 
was a circular gable-light in the east wall before 1870, 
of which a modern copy, as an unpierced panel, has 
been preserved. 

The chancel arch had originally low responds, 
which were raised about 3 ft. when the whole arch 
was shifted and reconstructed in 1870. The arch 
itself, which is of two orders, with bold roll and hollow 
mouldings on its western and chamfers on the eastern 
face, has been rebuilt on the original lines. The 
outer order of the jambs has a roll moulding with 
good stops, and the capitals, of a fine bold section, 
have their abacus continued as an impost to the outer 
order of the arch. 68 

Ip is somewhat difficult to fix a date for the tower 
before the alterations of 1870 masked its character, 
but jthe 1 7th century may be hazarded approximately, 
as ids windows before they were altered had segmental- 
ardfied heads, and there was a parapet with obelisks at 
the! angles, resembling that at the neighbouring church 
of Witley. It may have superseded an earlier stone 

rer, or perhaps one of timber. 
The north aisle in its present form is entirely 
tieiv, save for the lancet of c. 1 200 rebuilt in its 
veit wall, and is of discordant character especially 
a wheel window in its east gable. Originally 
.us aisle had a lean-to roof like that of the north 

wpel. 

' The roof over the chancel is in the main that of 

e i 3th century, and still retains its richly-moulded 



cambered tie-beams and king-posts. The nave roof, 
also with moulded tie-beams and wall-plates, is per- 
haps as old, but owing to the great height it is difficult 
to speak with certainty. The aisle and chapel roofs 
appear to have been renewed in 1870. 

At this time also the seating and fittings generally 
were renewed, but a few old seats, perhaps as old as 
the 1 7th century, were worked in ; and in the vestry 
is preserved one of much older date, with scrolled tops 
to the ends, resembling in design the remarkable late 
13th-century nave seats at Dunsfold hard by. A 
Jacobean communion-table now stands in the vestry. 
There is a 13th-century font, disused, besides the 
modern one. 

The church contains few ancient monuments, but in 
the churchyard is the grave of the mother of Dr. Young, 
the author of Night Tkoughti. 

The registers date from I 563. 

Among the church plate are a cup and paten of 
1 66 1 (probably a thank-offering by Dr. Layfield on 
his reinstatement in the rectory after a long perse- 
cution by the Puritans), and a handsome silver flagon 
of tankard shape, bearing the hall-marks of 1 747. 

Of the eight bells one is probably of the second half 
of the I Jth century, and is inscribed in black letter : 

Sancts. Trinitas Ora Pro Nobis 

The second is by Richard Eldridge, 1622 ; the third 
by Bryan Eldridge, 1656 ; the fourth by Samuel 
Knight, 1699 ; and the tenor by William Eldridge, 
undated. Of the three modern bells one is by Mears 
& Stainbank, 1 870 ; two by Warner & Sons, 1 894. 
The church is not mentioned in 
JDrOWSON the Domesday Survey. Chidding- 
fold was then parochially part of 
Godalming, of which it was later a chapelry. It 
was in existence late in the 1 2th century, for circa 
1 1 80 Ralph de Lechlade granted the church of 
Chiddingfold with the chapel of Piperham (i.e. Hasle- 
mere) to his clerk, Geoffrey de Lechlade, to hold 
for an annual pension of I Ib. of wax ; and a vicar 
was instituted in 1 1 85.'' Again, a few years later, 
Savaric, Archdeacon of Northampton, bestowed the 
church and chapel upon Richard son of Richard for 
a similar rent to Ralph de Lechlade. 70 A pension 
of 2 marks was conveyed, after the death of Ralph, 
to Thomas de Chebeham by Philip, Canon of 
Heytesbury, of which prebend Godalming was a 
member." In a survey of Godalming Rectory taken 
in 1 2 20 Chiddingfold is still called a chapel, the 
chaplain being appointed by the rector of God- 
aiming, to whom he paid loot, yearly, while the 
pound of wax was still due to Godalming Church. 71 
In 1291, however, the church of Chiddingfold with its 
chapel was assessed at 20." The right of presenta- 
tion rested with the Deans of Salisbury, until it was 
transferred to the Bishop of Winchester when the 
Ecclesiastical Commissioners acquired Godalming 
Rectory in l846(q.v.). 

In 1852 the advowson was transferred from the 
Bishop of Winchester to the Bishop of Lichfield, 7 * and, 
finally, in May 1872, was exchanged with the 
Crown, in whom the right of presentation is now 
vested. 75 



88 The work recallt that of the chancel 
rch of the tame date in Clympinj Church, 
ussex. 

69 Rig. of St. Osmund (Rolls Ser.), i, 



268, 301-3 ; Winton Epis. Reg. Wood- 
lock, fol. ii, i z. 

7 Ibid. 301. 

f Ibid. 297. 

15 



7 Ibid. 

7* PofH Nick. Tax. (Rec. Com.), zo8. 
1* Lund. Go*. 4 June 1852, p. 1578. 
7 s Ibid. 5 May 1873, p. 2265. 



A HISTORY OF SURREY 



CHARITIES 



Henry Smith's Charity applies to 
this parish, and was augmented by an 
annuity of 1 01., paid by the parish officers since the 
sale of Poors' Land for the benefit of the new work- 



house circa 1 794, but this has not been paid for many 
years. Ballard's (before 1850) and Callingham's 
(1898) chanties are for the repair of graves, the residue 
distributed to the poor, &c. 



COMPTON 



Contone (xi cent.). 

Compton parish, 2 miles north-west of Godalming, 
4 miles west by south of Guildford, is about 2^ miles 
from north to south, I J miles from east to west, and 
contains 1,995 acres. The northern part of the 
parish extends over the narrow chalk ridge of the 
Hog's Back, the main part is in the Green Sand, 
with a considerable outcrop of the Atherfield Clay 
in the eastern part. On the west the land rises to- 
wards the high ground about Puttenham Heath. 
Compton Common lies east of the village. North- 
east of the village, south of the Hog's Back, are two 
eminences in the sand, one Budburrow Hill, now 
crowned by the mortuary chapel, the other Rowbury 
Hill, near the house of the late Mr. G. F. Watts, 
R.A., called Limnerslease. These are apparently 
referred to by Aubrey (167 3) and Coxe (circa 1726) as 
Robin Hood's Butts, and connected with an apocry- 




COMPTON : OLD INN 



16 



phal story of a French invasion, and defeat of the 
invaders. The time indicated is that of the invasion 
of Louis of France in 1216, but there was no battle 
at Compton, and the hills are natural. It is said 
that skeletons were found here, but if so they were 
only interments of probably Anglo-Saxon date. Neo- 
lithic flint implements and flakes are not uncommon 
on the north side of the parish. 

In the wood to the north-west of the village, at 
the foot of the Hog's Back, are very extensive caves, 
excavated in the Green Sand. Within the memory of 
the last generation sand was brought from them for 
sale to builders in Guildford, and they were probably 
excavated for the sand ; but local tradition also con- 
nects them with the smuggling trade, and calls them 
Smugglers' Store-houses. It is not impossible that 
they were used for such a purpose, as the extensive 
cellars under several old farm-houses and cottages 
below the chalk ridge in 
Surrey pretty certainly 
were used. 

The parish is wholly 
agricultural, except for one 
recently introduced in- 
dustry. The late Mr. 
G. F. Watts, R.A., who 
resided at Limnerslease, 
to the north of the parish 
church, and Mrs. Watts 
started a pottery and terra- 
cotta-making school, which 
continues.. The pupils 
trained at it were em- 
ployed in the decoration 
of the mortuary chapel 
in the cemetery, which 
Mr. Watts built. This 
is in brick and terra- 
cotta, from his own de- 
signs, on the side of the 
hill, about half a mile from 
the church. The style is 
a sort of neo-Byzantine. 

There are one or two 
ancient timber houses of 
some interest in the (vil- 
lage, which chiefly cpn- 
sists of a winding street 
straggling away to the 
south of the church. One 
of these, formerly the in? , 
a good deal 'restored ' 
stands on a raised bap , 
so high above the roi ! 
that a basement story f ' 
stone is entered by a doc f. 
on the street, the ground! 
floor being approached by 
another door on the bank 
above. The first floor and 1 . 



GODALMING HUNDRED 



COMPTON 



attic stories have a considerable projection, and the 
whole of the three upper stories are of timber framing, 
the corbelled corner-posts being cut out of solid butts. 
The doors have flat arched heads ; and the date of the 
whole house appears to be about the second quarter 
of the 1 6th century. Several of the other cottages in 
the village are highly picturesque, and many date back 
at least to the 1 6th century. They are of timber con- 
struction, with tile-hanging over the upper stories, and 
high pitched tiled roofs, those of a farm-house at 
Compton being hipped over the wings of the front in 
a somewhat unusual manner. Some good chimneys 
occur. The coffee tavern is ancient and picturesque. 
Not far from it the manor pound still survives. There 
is a nursery garden in connexion with the Guildford 
Hardy Plant Nursery. 

Foisted Manor is a modern house, but behind it 
stands the old manor-house, a small 16th-century 
timber-framed building. 

Eastbury Manor, .Monk's Hatch, Brook House, 
Sunny Down, now occupied as a school, and Prior's 
Wood Lodge are modern houses. 

The original manor of COMPTON, 
MANORS which afterwards divided to form Comp- 
ton Westbury and Eastbury, was held 
by Brixi in the time of Edward the Confessor. 1 At 
the time of the Domesday Survey it was held of the 
king by Walter son of Other, founder of the De 
Windsor family, of whose manor of Stanwell it con- 
tinued to be held 'until 1 541, when Lord Windsor 
exchanged the overlordship with the king for other 
lands in Surrey and Sussex.* The tenants of Comp- 
ton held it by knight's service, which was rendered 
after the division by the lord of Eastbury only. 4 

No record of the under-tenants can be found until 
1201 when Cecily of Compton was holding a knight's 
fee and a half in Surrey, which evidently included 
the manor of Compton. 4 John de Gatesden held 
half a knight's fee of William de Windsor in Comp- 
ton, circa 1212.' He or another John granted a life- 
interest in Compton Manor to Nicholas Malemeins 
for a yearly rent of io/. in 1249.' In 1260 a settle- 
ment 8 of Compton was made on John de Gatesden 
and his wife Hawise de Nevill, daughter of Robert de 
Courtenay, and widow of John de Nevill. 83 Hawise 
survived her husband, who died shortly before 1262,' 
leaving a young daughter, probably Margaret, the wife 
first of Sir John de Camoys, whom she deserted for 
Sir William Paynele or Pagenal, whom she ultimately 
married. 10 Margaret owed money to the Crown in 
1294," whence perhaps a part of Compton, since 
knovyn as COMPTON WESTBURT, was granted to 
Henry of Guildford for life only with reversion to 



the grantors and to the heirs of Margaret. He was 
a tenant among several in 129 1. 11 

In 1303 Henry of Guildford received a grant of 
free warren in his demesne lands of Compton, 13 and 
in 1308 obtained a release of land in Compton from 
Sir William Paynel and Margaret daughter of John de 
Gatesden. 14 Henry of Guildford was the chief bene- 
factor of Dureford Abbey in Sussex, to which he 
bequeathed a large sum of money for the maintenance 
of two chaplains. 1 * After his death his heir, John 
the Marshal of Guildford, held Westbury, 16 and re- 
ceived from the Abbot of Dureford a corrody of bread 
and ale, a yearly pension, and a messuage within the 
abbey, and four ' Paris candles whereof sixteen make 
the pound ' nightly. 17 The abbey bought many lands 
for the support of Henry of Guildford's chaplains, and 
amongst them in I 330 the manor of Westbury, then 
in the possession of John of Brideford. 18 The abbot 
retained the court and customary dues of Westbury, 
but leased the land to a tenant, who undertook to 
supply the abbot's officers with 'horsemeate and 
manesmeate ' when they held their yearly court at 
Compton." In 1532 one William Wynter obtained 
such a lease of the land for fifty-six years, but at the 
time of the Dissolution it was taken into the king's 
hands, together with the abbey's other possessions. 10 
In October 1537 the king granted all the possessions 
of Dureford Abbey in Compton to Sir William Fitz 
William, K.G., whom he created Earl of Southampton 
in that same year.' 1 He held his first court 8 June 
1541. He died in 1542 without heirs male," so 
that as Westbury had been granted to him in tail 
male, it then reverted to the king, by whom it was sold 
in 1 545 to Sir Christopher More," who in January 
1535 had a lease of it in perpetuity from the abbot." 
After this grant the history of the manor was coin- 
cident with that of the Mores' manor of Loseley 

(q.v.)- 

Mr. James More-Molyneux of Loseley sold a small 
part, including the manor-house, to Mr. George Best, 
owner of Eastbury, shortly before 1 842. The manor- 
house is now the cottage of the gardener of Eastbury 
Manor. 

COMPTON E4STBURY, the eastern moiety of 
the original manor of Compton, was not included in the 
grant to Henry of Guildford," but was held by Sir Wil- 
liam Paynel in right of Margaret, daughter of John de 
Gatesden." John Paynel, William's brother, succeeded 
to the manor, which he granted to John of Brideford," 
who retained it when he sold Compton Westbury to 
Dureford. 18 John of Brideford obtained a release 
from Eva St. John, widow, formerly second wife of 
Sir William Paynel," of her right to dower in East- 



1 y.C.H. Surr. i, 322*. 
1 Titta de Nevill (Rcc. Com.), 220 ; 
Chan. Inq. p.m. io Ric. II, no. 46 ; 
ibid. 6 Hen. V, no. 46 ; Col. Inj. p.m. 
Hen. VII, i, 19. 

-Deeds of Purchase and Exchange, 
H p. VIII, C. 22. 

Chan. Inq. p.m. 6 Edw. II, no. 57. 
Red Bk. ofExch. (Rolls Ser.), i, 148. 
Tata de Nevill (Rec. Com.), 220. 
Feet of F. Surr. 33 Hen. Ill, i. 
Ibid. 44 Hen. Ill, 4. 
1 Cott. MS. viii, 22 (12 Aug. 1253). 
Excerpta e Rot. Fin. ii, 384. 
10 Exch. K.R. Proc. bdle. 14?, file 301. 
A see the story quoted by Camdcn, Brit. 
1 1 72 (ed. Gibson), from Rolls of ParL 30 
Jdw. I, of John de Camoys' conveyance 



of his wife Margaret to William Pagenal. 
There was, however, another Margaret, 
daughter of another John de Gatesden 
' the younger,' who died in 1258 leaving a 
widow Margery ; Excerpta e Rot. Fin. ii, 
316, 326 ; Cal. Chan. Inj. p.m. Hen. Ill, 

454- 

Ibid. " Ibid. 

11 Chart. R. 31 Edw. I, no. 29. 

" Feet of F. Surr. 2 Edw. II, 26. 

" Dugdale, Men. vii, 936 ; Cal. Pat. 
1317-21, p. 246. 

" Part. Writ, (Rec. Com.), ii (3), 338 

(13)- 

" Cott. MS. Vesp. E. xxiii, fol. 1060. 

18 Cal. Pat. 1327-30, p. 505. He was 
one of the executors of Henry of Guild- 
ford. 

'7 



"Decrees of Ct. of Aug. .35 Hen. 
VIII, xiv, 12. 

Dugdale, Man. vii, 936 ; Valor Eecl. 
(Rec. Com.), i, 321. 

L. and P. Hen. VIII, xii (z), 1008 

('9)- 

m Diet. Nat. Biog. xix, 232. 

* Panic, for Grants (Aug. Off.), Hen. 
VIII, 411. 

84 Close, 37 Hen. VIII, pt. iii, no. 26. 

M Chan. Inq. p.m. 6 Edw. II, no. 57 5 
ibid, io Edw. II, no. 61. 

* Parl. Wriu. (Rec. Com.), ii (3), 
338 (13). 

W De Banco R. Trin. 12 Edw. II, m. 
234. 

88 Inq. a.q.d. ccix, 21. 

M Cal. Pat. 1313-17, p. 646. 



A HISTORY OF SURREY 



bury in 1321.* He was assessed in Compton for 
a subsidy in 1332, but died very shortly after. 
Eastbury passed to William Cook of Brideford and 
William Wreyford. In 1333 William Cook granted 
a lease fcr eight years of a moiety of a third part 
of the (origin.il undivided ?) manor of Compton to 
Richard de Windsor the overlord ; 3I and in the same 
year William Wreyford conveyed a moiety of Eastbury, 
together with the reversion of the dower of Rose 
widow of John of Brideford, and a messuage and rent 
which the Abbot of Dureford held during the life of 
Joan wife of Robert Gerneys, to Richard atte Welle." 
In 1343, the lease being just expired, Richard de 
Windsor brought a suit ** against Richard atte Welle 
and William Cook of Brideford concerning one- 
third of the -manor, Richard atte Welle appearing 
as William's bailiff. The action was probably col- 
lusive to settle the title. The result is not on 
record, but Windsor apparently lost ; for William 
Cook of Brideford in 1343 granted by deed to 
Richard atte Welle and Sybil his wife all his rights in 
Eastbury.* 4 Further, in 1349 Richard atte Welle, by 
deed dated at Compton, enfeoffed John de Shackleford, 
john de Walton, and Richard Pruwet, of his manor 
in the parish of Compton and in Tunshamstede 
or Unstead in Shalford, with certain reservations, 35 
in trust for his wife Sybil and his children and 
his brother, with reversion. Sybil afterwards married 
William Seward and had a daughter Maud, wife of 
Thomas Swanton. 

In 1387 William Seward and his wife Sybil were 
holding the whole of Eastbury for the life of Sybil,* 6 
as the inquisition of Miles de Windsor says, but the 
trial referred to says that Richard atte Welle son of 
Sybil's former husband had granted it to William 
Seward for life with remainder to Richard's heirs. 
This Richard died without heirs. 



In 1397 William Wallyng and his wife Isabella 
claimed the manor from William Seward after Sybil's 
death. Isabella was daughter of Christina, sister of 
Richard atte Welle the elder. They were successful ; 
but meanwhile, William Seward had probably con- 
veyed to John Guvynes, who is said to be have held the 
manor in 1398." In 1398 William and Isabella 
Wallyng acknowledged the right of one Elias Beare to 
the manor, but the proceedings did not terminate till 
I4IO. 38 Clemence Wallyng daughter of Isabella 
married a Thomas Beare. 

The Seward family afterwards claimed again, and in 
1422 the manor was restored to Maud, widow of 
Thomas Swanton and daughter of the above Sybil, 
wife of Richard atte Welle and afterwards of William 
Seward." 

In 1428 Maud Brocas was charged for a quarter 
part of a knight's fee in Compton which Richard 
atte Welle formerly held of Richard Windsor. She 
was possibly Maud Swanton remarried to a Brocas, 
whence the manor came into this family. 40 Thomas 
Brocas, who represented Guild- 
ford in Parliament, had been 
a tenant in Compton in 1398. 

Arnold Brocas, who was 
knight of the shire for Surrey 
in 1441-2, was in possession 
of Eastbury in 145 1 " and was 
succeeded by Benedict Brocas, 
who was holding it in 1485," 
and is said to have died in 
1488. His son and heir 
Richard was holding Eastbury 
in i 504," when he was at law 
with William Lussher, lessee of Westbury. In 1515 he 
made a grant to Gilbert Stoughton. 44 The grant did 
not alienate Compton from the Brocas family. One 




BROCAS. Sable a In- 
pard rampant or. 




r> 

-- ' I- :; J7S * - _ ' 'I ' ' *$&* 

COMPTON : THE COFFEE TAVERN 



80 Feet of F. Surr. 14 Edw. II, 28. 

81 Auize R. 1431, m. 65 d. 

M Feet of F. SUIT. 14 Edw. Ill, 25. 
88 Assize R. 1431, m. 65 d. 
84 Referred to in 1397, Coram Rege R. 
Mich. 21 Ric. II, m. 70 4c. 85 Ibid. 

86 Chan. Inq. p.m. 10 Ric. II, no. 46. 



7 Chan. Inq. p.m. 22 Ric. II, no. 52. 

88 Feet of F. Surr. 1 1 Hen. IV, 82. 

89 Coram Rege R. 645, m. 59. 

40 She was known as Maud Brocas in 
1427, when she was said to be holding 
the manor of Eastbury of Richard Wind- 
sor. Chan. Inq. p.m. 6 Hen. VI, 46. 

18 



41 Chan. Inq. p.m. 30 Hen. VI, n o. 
II. 

41 Cal. oflnj. p.m. Hen. Vll, i, 19. t 

48 Com. Pleas D. Enr. East. 20 He.n. 
VII, m. 155. 

44 Com. Pleas D. Enr. 
VIII. 



- - 7- Y 

. East. 20 He.n. 
ir. HiU 6 Hen 1 . 



GODALMING HUNDRED 



COMPTON 




LUSSHER. Gules three 
martlets or and a chief 
or 'with three molets a- 
sure therein. 



consideration had been a perpetual payment to the 
Black Friars of Guildford for masses for Richard, 
and perhaps this was not paid. At any rate the next 
holder to be found is Lawrence Rasterne who 
married Anne daughter of 
Thomas Purvoch and Joan 
Brocas. 45 Their son was Wil- 
liam Rasterne, 46 who died I 562. 
His only survivingchild Martha 
married John Lussher. She 
was involved in an action in 
the Court of Requests 15745 
with her mother's second hus- 
band William Grey. 47 John 
Lussher died before October 
1603, when Martha his widow 
held a court. 48 Her son John 
Lussher mortgaged the manor 
to Richard Carrill 10 Novem- 
ber i63o, 49 and in December 1631 Lussher and Carrill 
conveyed the manor to trustees for John Kempsall of 
St. Clement Danes. 60 John Kempsall had a son 
Edward, married again and had a son John, and died 
1659." Edward the elder son had only an annuity 
out of the manor, which had been leased to a 
Dr. Tichborne and settled on the elder John's second 
wife and her children." John the younger sold to 
Dr. Edward Fulham in 1662, who in 1667 further 
secured himself against the claim of John's mother 
and her second husband Thomas Weston.** 

The estate remained in the Fulham family, for the 
Rev. Edward Fulham held it at his death in 1832." 
It was purchased by Charles Devon," who sold the 
manor and manor-house to George Best, who resided 
there c. 1848. Mr. Best died 1870. His widow 
died 1873, when the manor was sold to Colonel 
McC. Hagart, C.B. His sister, Mrs. Ellice, is now 
owner. 

DOWN PLACQ, the manor which includes the 
northern part of Compton parish, was a part of the 
main manor of Compton at the time of the Domesday 
Survey. Gregory de la Dune held half a knight's 
fee there of William de Windsor c. I2I2. 66 It was 
held with Compton of the manor of Stanwell until 
the sale of the overlordship by Lord Windsor to 
Henry VIII." 

In 1386 Elizabeth Stonhurst was holding the 
manor of Miles Windsor, 68 and a few years later she 
paid poll tax for herself and four servants in Compton 
in i 38 1. 69 She is probably identical with Elizabeth 
de Doune who appears in the Godalming Hundred 
Rolls, the Arlington and the Catteshull courts, 



Courf: 



1382-5, as holding land in Compton, Arlington, 
and Cherfold in Chiddingfold ; perhaps Downland in 
Chiddingfold was so named from her holding it. 
Down was subsequently in the hands of Robert 
Hull. 60 In 1427 Margery Knollis was in posses- 
sion, 61 but by 1451 it had again changed hands 
and was held by George Daniell. 61 William Brocas 
in 1452 held Me Doune ' in Arlington. 63 That this 
was part of Down in Compton appears likely from 
his son holding the manor of Down in 1485. If so, 
it had been confiscated before by Edward IV and 
given to his brother-in-law 
Sir Thomas St. Leger, who 
held it towards the end of the 
1 5th century. He was the 
chief tnstigalor of the rising in 
Surrey in I483- 64 After his 
attainder and execution Down 
Place was forfeit to the king, 
who granted it to his servant 
William Mistelbroke in tail 
male, 66 but William Brocas was 
holding Down soon afterwards, 
see above. 66 The attainder of 




ST. LEGER. Azure 
fretty argent a chief or. 



Sir Thomas St. Leger having been reversed at the 
accession of Henry VII, 67 his heiress Anne, wife of 
George Lord Roos, entered upon the manor, 68 but 
seems to have alienated it, for under Henry VIII 
William FitzWilliam, Earl of Southampton, was in 
possession, and settled it on his wife, Mabel, and his 
heirs by her. He died in 1542 without issue, and 
the manor descended, in accordance with the terms 
of the settlement, to his half-brother Sir Anthony 
Browne, kt., father to the first Lord Montague. 69 

Down Place under Guildown was among lands 
granted in 1592 to William Tipper, a fishing grantee. 70 
However, the rightful owners 
succeeded in recovering their 
lands, for in 1610 Anthony 
Viscount Montague, a descen- 
dant of Sir Anthony Browne, 
sold the manor to Richard 
Coldham. 71 From him it de- 
scended to his son Richard." 
In 1668 Richard Coldham 
and George Coldham the 
younger were dealing with it. 7 * 
Richard Coldham conveyed 
it in 1688 to the trustees 
of the estates of Gerard Gore, deceased, 74 whose 
daughter Sarah married Sir Edward Tumor, Speaker 
of the House of Commons in 1661." Arthur 




COLDHAM. Azure a 
molet argent pierced 



fcv- 

the th 

V; 



4t Catteshull Manor R. 12 June 23 
Hen. VIII, and brass of Thomas and 
Joan Purvoch in Godalming Church. 
They had a son Thomas who married 
Jane. The wife of the father or the son 
might be Joan Brocas. 
** Ct. of Req. bdle. 39, no. 91, 17 Eliz. 
* Ibid. Ct. R. 

V Close, 7 Chas. I, pt. xxvi, no. 28. 
Ibid. pt. xxv, no. 33. 
P.C.C. will proved 27 Jan. 1659. 
2 Close, 1 1 Chas. I, pt. xxv, no. 2$. 
' Feet of F. Surr. East. 14 Chas. II ; 
. Trin. 19 Chas. II. 
* Coll. To fog. et Gen. i, 17. 
Brayley, Hist, of Surr. v, 22 j. 
Testa de Neiiill (Rec. Com.), 220. 
/'" Deeds of Purchase and Exchange 
(Aug. Off.), Hen. VIII, C. 22. 



58 Chan. Inq. p.m. 10 Ric. II, 46. 

"Exch. Lay Subs. bdle. 184, no. 29, 
m. I. 

60 Chan. Inq. p.m. 22 Ric. II, no. 52. 
Robert Hull and his wife Elisora (?) ap- 
pear in the protracted lawsuit of 1398- 
1410 owing homage to Eastbury. The 
question arises whether 'Elisora' could 
have been ' Elizabeth ' Stonhurst. 

Ibid. 6 Hen. VI, 46. She also held 
Cherfold, vide supra, Catteshull R. 7 
Hen. VI. 

M Chan. Inq. p.m. 30 Hen. VI, no. 
n. 

68 Godalming Hund. R. 1452. 

M V.C.H. Surr. i, 365 ; Chan. Inq. 
p.m. V.O. Ric. Ill, no. 18. 

M Cal. Pat. 1476-85, p. 529. 

M Cal. oflnj. p.m. Hen. VII, i, 19. 

19 



" Rolls of Part. (Rec. Com.), vi, 

*73- 

<* Feet of F. Surr. East. 4-5 Hen. VI;II. 

69 Chan. Inq. p.m. (Ser. 2), Ixxxix, i 43. 

7 That is, one of a class of professio nal 
informants who made it their business to 
report to the Crown questionable titles o. 
landowners. In many cases the lands 
were thereupon resumed by the Crown, 
and regranted to the informants, and the 
original owner had to pay highly in order 
to recover them ; Pat. R. 34 Eliz. pt. 
vii. 

n Feet of F. Surr. Trin. 8 Jas. I ; 
Recov. R. Mich. 9 Jas. I. 

7Add. MS. (B.M.), 6171. 

7 Feet of F. Surr. Mich. 20 Chat. II. 

7 Close, 4 Jas. II, pt. i, no. 17. 

' 5 Diet. Nat. Biog. Ivii, 373. 



A HISTORY OF SURREY 







TURNOUK. Nine fieeet 
erminea and argent -with 
four mill-ttone turnert 
lablt in the argent. 



Turnor succeeded, and, dying in or before 1724, left 
his son Edward heir. Edward by his will (proved 
I July 1736) left his estates to his cousin Sarah, 
daughter of his father's elder 
brother Sir Edward, 76 and wife 
of Francis Gee, whose daugh- 
ter, also named Sarah, married 
Joseph Garth. Their son Ed- 
ward, first Earl Winterton, 77 
thus inherited Down, and his 
son, Edward, second Earl Win- 
terton, was in possession in 
l8o8. 78 Between 1831 and 
1838 the third earl sold it to 
Mr. James Mangles, M.P. for 
Guildford in 1831, 1832, and 
1835. Mr. Mangles died in 
1838. The property was set- 
tled for life on Mrs. Mangles. Mr. Frederick 
Mangles his son lived there. About 1859 it was sold 
to Mr. Faviell, who rebuilt the house. Mr. Bett 
bought it in 1890, and Mrs. Bett now lives there. 

FIELD PLACE was parcel of the possessions of 
Henry of Guildford, 80 who held a part of it of Wal- 
ter of Wintershull in 1312. It was occupied by a 
Matilda atte Felde apparently in 1 343 ; 81 and by Ber- 
nard Brocas in I349- 8 ' He was rector of St. Nicholas 
Guildford. 

Later it is named amongst the lands forfeited by 
Sir Thomas St. Leger, 8 * after which it was, like Down, 
granted to William Mistelbroke, 84 but afterwards re- 
verted to St. Leger's daughter 
Anne wife of George Man- 
ners, Lord Roos. 85 His sons, 
Thomas, Earl of Rutland, and 
Sir Richard Manners, kt., sold 
Field Place to Thomas Hall 
and his wife Joan in I542. 86 
After her husband's death Joan 
married James Rokley, who 
held the manor in her right. 87 
It descended to her son, George 
Hall. 88 His widow Juliana 
married a Thomas Washington 
about 1569-72, and George's 
only child Elizabeth Hall married Robert Quenell be- 
fore 1 5 8o. 89 The Washingtons and Quenells of Chid- 
dingfold were jointly interested in the manor in 1585.* 



MANNERS, Lord Roos. 
Or two tars azure and a 
chief gulei. 



Robert and Elizabeth Quenell had a son Peter who 
resided at Lythe Hill, Haslemere. 91 Robert died in 
1612. Peter Quenell the son, who held his first 
court in 1615, had a son Peter born in 1603," who 
married in 1628 Elizabeth Grey, and resided at 
Field Place, holding a court in 1635, though his 
father the older Peter did not die till i65o. 93 
Peter the younger was already owner. 91 He died in 
1666 and was buried at Compton. His will was 
proved by his widow Elizabeth, 95 who was assessed 
for hearth tax at Compton circa 1 67 5. ^ His son Peter 
died in 1 684," leaving two daughters, minors : Eliza- 
beth subsequently wife of Robert Beare and Joan 
subsequently wife of John Waight, to whom Field 
Place descended in moieties. 98 

In 1 709 John and Joan Waight, Nathan and Eliza- 
beth Hickman, and sundry mortgagees joined in a 
conveyance of the whole manor to Samuel Manship. 99 
His widow Anne held a court in 1726. Their son 
John Manship held a court in 1738 and died in 
1751. His son John did not come into possession 
till his mother's death in 1788, and was holding still 
in i8o8. lo Soon after this the manor was purchased 
by George Smallpeice, 101 who died in 1853. After his 
widow's death in 1869 it passed to his nephew Job 
Smallpeice. He sold it to Mr. John King before 
21 May 1875. Mr. John King died 15 May 1893. 
Mrs. King his widow died 16 August 1902, after 
which date the estate was sold to Colonel Annand. 

POLSTED, the most easterly part of the parish, 
was distinguished from the main manor of Compton I0 * 
early in the reign of Richard I, for in 1 1 96 Walter de 
Windsor warranted it to Hugh of Foisted and his wife 
Cecily to hold by knight's service, 10 * while in 1199 
mention is made of a house which had belonged to 
Gerard of Foisted and to the land of Richard the 
Reeve (frepositus) of Foisted. 104 At the time of the 
confirmation to Hugh of Foisted William de Astinges 
was laying claim to the service from the manor, but 
apparently failed to prove his right to it, for in 1219 
Michael of Foisted, probably a son of Hugh, obtained 
confirmation of his land in Foisted from William de 
Windsor. 105 In 1261 a second Hugh of Foisted con- 
veyed the manor to Simon Passelew and his heirs. 100 
About ten years later John de Middleton conveyed 
the manor to William of Wintershull, 107 on whose 
younger son Walter it was settled, together with 
Bramley (q.v.). IOS In 1308-9 John de Foisted 



7 See Priv. Act 2 Geo. Ill, cap. 52. 
fl Diet. Nat. Biog. Ivii, 373 j Berry, 
Susi. Gen. 368. 

7 8 Manning and Bray, Surr. ii, 7. 
T> Ret. of Memb. of Parl. ii, 333. 

80 Chan. Inq. p.m. 6 Edw. II, no. 57. 

81 Godalming Hund. Ct. 31 July, 21 
Aug. II Sept. 1343. 

84 In lawsuit of 1397, vide Eastbury. 

83 Chan. Inq. p.m. Ric. Ill, V.O. no. 18. 

84 Cal. Pat. 1476-85, p. 529. 

85 Feet of F. Surr. East. 4*5 
Hen. VIII. 

Feet, of F. Surr. Mich. 34 Hen. VIII. 
See Each. P.M. Wards and Liveries, I 
Edw. VI, vol. 3, p. 26, on Thomas Hall. 

w Misc. Bks. (Exch. T. R.), vol. 169, fol. 
1094. 

88 Chan. Inq. p.m. (Ser. 2), Izxzv, 54. 

89 Inq. p.m. Wards and Liveries, 15 Eliz. 
Idle. 100, no. 30. 

<x> Feet of F. Surr. Hil. 28 Eliz. 
91 Haslemere Reg. 
M Ibid. 



88 P.C.C. Will 1650. Pembroke 57. 
M Feet of F. Surr. Mich. 1650. 

85 Archd. Ct. Surr. 3 Oct. 1666. 

86 Lay Subs. R. bdle. 1 88, no. 504. 

97 P.C.C. Adm. 29 Aug. 1684. Hare 
124. 

98 Feet of F. Surr. East. 3 Anne ; 
Mich. 3 Anne ; Trin. 6 Anne. 

99 Close, 8 Anne, new no. 4999. 

100 Manning and Bray, Hist, of Surr. ii, 
70. 

101 Brayley, Hist, of Surr. v, 226, and 
private information. 

lra Cecily de Compton held three half- 
knights' fees, c. 1 20 1 (Rid Bk. Excb. 
Rolls Ser. i, 148). Possibly, therefore, 
her holding included Foisted and Down 
as well as Compton, but the three were 
held separately of the De Windsors a few 
years afterwards (Testa de Nevill [Rec. 
Com.], 210). 

101 Feet of F. Surr. 7 Ric. I, 4. The 
name of the Surrey manor is Polsted, 
though it is evidently derived from ' Pol- 

20 



stead ' in Suffolk, from which the family 
took their name. 

lw Feet of F. Surr. 10 Ric. I, 41. An 
agreement between Akina widow of Ij'hilip 
Blund and her son Philip and certain women, 
Juliane, Erahina, Emma, Alice, and Rose, 
as to land and a mill in Polsted, including 
2 acres in Westden and Goster, a meadow 
in liromhell, and land in Estdon and 
Molherst. 

105 PipeR. 3 Hen. HI, m. i6d. 

X* Feet of F. Surr. 45 Hen. Ill, 30. 
Hugh and his heirs were to receive a 
yearly rent of id., but quitclaimed thfcir 
right to ward, marriage and relief of the 
tenants. About 127; William le Hare 
and his wife Joan granted one quarter of 
a messuage and carucate of land in Pol- 
sted to Hugh de Oyldebof to hold of tie 
heirs of Juliane ; ibid. 3 Edw. I, 16. 

W Ibid. 56 Hen. Ill, 8. 

108 De Banco R. 724 (Hil. 20 Hen. V^), 
m. 477. Hitt. MSS. Com. Ref. vii, App. 
599- \ 



GODALMING HUNDRED 



COMPTON 



OOP 




JENYN. Argent a 
fesie gules "with three be- 
xanls thereon. 



granted land to Thomas his son ; Richard de Foisted 
was a witness. 109 They were perhaps then tenants of 
the Wintershulls. In 1424 Joan then wife of William 
Catton and Agnes Basset, sisters and co-heirs of 
Thomas Wintershull, to whom Walter Wintershull's 
estates had descended, sued John Loxley for the 
manor, 110 and again in 1441 Agnes Bassett and 
John Weston son of Joan Catton disputed it 
against John Jenyn. The latter claimed to be 
enfeoffed of it, jointly with Bernard Jenyn of 
Braboeuf, who is said to have married Elizabeth 
daughter of John Loxley, son of Robert Loxley, 
half-brother of Thomas Win- 
tershull. 111 The Jenyns seem 
to have made good their claim 
to the manors, for Thomas 
Jenyn, son of Bernard, held 
it at his death in March 
1508-9."' He left an infant 
son John, afterwards knighted, 
who died in 1545."* His 
widow married Stephen Adams, 
who was holding the manor 
in her right a few years after 
Sir John's death. 1 " It was 
ultimately inherited by Agnes, 

or Anne, niece of Sir John and wife of John Wight 
(or Weight), 116 who sold it to Sir William More of 
Loseley in 15 58," from which time its history has 
been coincident with that of Loseley. 

Court baron was attached to Westbury, East- 
bury, Field Place, and Polsted, 117 but there seems to 
be no record of courts held for Down, which was 
not called a manor till I386." 8 The court of Pol- 
sted was held during the I yth century in a meadow 
under a walnut tree. 119 In 1249 the 
tenant of Compton had estovers in the 
wood of Compton towards the repair of 
the house of the court of Compton.' 1JO 

In the Godalming Hundred Rolls, 1 " it 
appear, that in the I4th, I5th, and i6th 
centuries the tithing-man and tithings of 
Compton attended at the hundred courts 
at Godalming. But a view of frankpledge 
was held regularly at Compton on the 
Thursday after St. Matthew's Day, when 
the tithings of Eastbury, Westbury, and 
Polsted and of part of Hurtmore in 
Compton were represented. On 22 Sep- 
tember 1453, no one attended from 
Polsted ' eo quod nullus est residens neque 
inhabitans super eandem dec-nam,' and 
the same is recorded of Hurtmore in God- 
aiming the same year. But on 1 8 Sep- 
tember 1483 the tenant of Polsted paid 
%d. at the Godalming court, fro sua secta 
relaxanda, and the tithing of Hurtmore 
appears later, but no tithing-man for 
Polsted. The inhabitants of the manors, 



which were also tithings in Compton, owed suit to 
the court at Godalming (q.v.), when the Bishop of 
Salisbury, lord of the manor as well as of the hundred, 
held courts which from an early period combined 
the functions of a court baron and a hundred court. 

In 1547 it was stated that the lords of Down had 
failed to pay suit to Godalming for many years. 1 " 

The church of ST. NICHOLAS 
CHURCH is built on a spur of sand hill rising 
out of the valley in which the village 
stands. The east end of the building is approached 
from the road by the steep path overshadowed 
with cypresses and other trees, and the church- 
yard, which is very picturesque and well-wooded, 
shares in the undulating nature of the site. Be- 
hind the church to the west are some fine cedars 
and other trees. The church, which is one of the 
most interesting in the county, is built of Bargate 
stone, flints, and chalk, with Bath stone used in the 
modern work. A good deal of the exterior is covered 
with a brownish plaster ; the roofs are tiled and the 
spire of the western tower is shingled. Nearly all 
the internal dressings are in clunch or hard chalk. 

The church was restored in 1843, under Mr. 
H. Woodyer, and further works were carried out in 
1869 and 1906. It consists of a western tower 
about I o ft. square internally ; nave 47 ft. 6 in. long 
by 1 8 ft. at its western end and i6ft. 6 in. at the 
eastern ; north and south aisles, of the same length, 
7ft. 3 in. wide, south porch, and chancel 27ft. 
(originally 28 ft.), by 13 ft. at its western end. The 
eastern part of the chancel is vaulted and separated 
from the western by a low arch. It is of two stories, 
the upper forming a chapel over the sanctuary, a 
very rare feature in this country. On the north is a 




COMPTON CHURCH FROM THE SOUTH-EAST 



109 Deed at Loseley. 
M De Banco R. 655 (Mich. 3 Hen. VI), 
m. 123. 

'j 11 Ibid. 724, m. 477. It is possible 

thai} John Loxley claimed it as a descen- 

dai^t of Alice, widow of Thomas Winters- 

hpll and wife of Henry Loxley ; if so 

,ere must have been some definite settle- 

ent on Alice by the Wintershulls, and 

.is seems unlikely since Polsted is not 



mentioned in the inquisition taken upon 
her death. Chan. Inq. p.m. 8 Ric. II, 
24. 

ua Chan. Inq. p.m. (Ser. 2), xxv, 48. 

" Ibid. Ixxii, 96. 

Misc.Bks. (Exch. T.R.), clxix, 109*. 

113 See under Braboeuf in Arling- 
ton. 

" Feet of F. Surr. East. 4 & 5 Phil, 
and Mary. 

21 



W Chan. Inq. p.m. 6 Edw. II, 57 5 
Add. MS. (B.M.) 6171. 

118 Chan. Inq. p.m. 10 Ric. II, 46. 

"'Add. MS. (B.M.), 6171. 

M Feet of F. Surr. 33 Hen. Ill, I. 

1M Loseley MSS. 

"Misc. Bks. (Exch. L.T.R.), clxix, 
1 1 3*. 



A HISTORY OF SURREY 



modern vestry and on the south a small projecting 
building, originally of two stories, which may have 
served for an anchorite's cell or for viewing relics. 
There is a modern coal shed on the north of the 
tower. 

The tower has no buttresses, and is of very rude 
construction, built entirely of rag rubble, without 
any ashlar dressings to quoins and windows, the 
latter being narrow round-headed slits in the rubble- 
work ; a modern window of very incongruous 
design has been pierced in the west. It has no 
staircase, and its whole appearance suggests a date 
prior to the Norman Conquest. The rag-work 
quoins of the early nave are still visible and of the same 
character. The timber spire, which is fairly lofty, is 
probably of 14th-century date. The tower arch, 
plain pointed, on square piers, dates from about 1 1 60 
and replaces an earlier and smaller opening. A 
peculiarity of the plan is that the nave contracts in 
width towards the east, being 1 8 in. narrower at its 
eastern end than at the west. Its floor is said to have 
been higher than that of the chancel previous to the 
restoration of 1843,3 fact borne out by the stilted 



square at the top with the angles canted off to a 
circular necking. This rests upon a short circular 
stem and base, and the whole upon a square table 
and chamfered plinth. The north aisle retains its 
low pitch and one of its original windows, but the 
walls of the south aisle were raised about 3 ft. in the 
1 5th century ; one of its original windows remains 
in the south wall, but blocked on the inside, and 
another in the west wall ; the remainder are of 
1 4th and ijth-century dates. In the north aisle are 
two shallow tomb-recesses, with depressed cusped 
arches, of 14th-century date. A blocked rood-loft 
door appears at the back of the eastern respond in 
this aisle. The chancel arch is of two orders, the 
outer circular in form, the inner obtusely pointed. 
These are nook-shafted with volute capitals to the 
outer order. 

The shell of the chancel walls is perhaps of late 
1 1 th-century date, though heightened and otherwise 
altered in subsequent periods ; three of its windows 
can be traced, one in each wall. The bowl of a 
pillar-piscina of this period has lately been found 
plastered up in the wall of the upper chapel, to which 



HDPreconquest 
Hi c.ioSO 
C3 c 1160-80 



A A -Windows 

of c. IO8O 




Scale of 



PLAN OF COMPTON CHURCH 



C.13OO 
C.1320 

ei4oo 
modern 

40, 
feer 



bases of the arcade-piers. These arcades, which with 
the aisles and the chancel arch date from about 1 160, 
are of three arches on each side, and with their 
columns are entirely worked in hard chalk. The 
arches are very slightly pointed, square-edged and of one 
order, with a flat moulded label, a rare and note- 
worthy feature being the coeval treatment of the 
thin coat of plaster on their soffits, which is cut into 
patterns (scallop, zigzag, and nebule) at the edges, as 
at Godalming and the crypt of St. James's Clerkenwell. 
The capitals have square abaci and are carved with 
varieties of the scallop, volute, and different types of 
foliage, those on the south being peculiarly rich. 
The columns and responds are circular, with round 
bases on square plinths. The north and south doors, 
which have circular heads, are both of this period, 
the former having a plain roll-moulding and the 
latter an outer order of zigzag, with a hood. In 
the centre of the nave at its western end is the 
large font of late lath-century date. The design 
is peculiar, and looks like a rude imitation of a Vene- 
tian well-head, the bowl being shaped as a capital, 



it had evidently been removed when that chapel was 
formed. The basin has two drain-holes an earlier 
and a later a circular-headed niche being made to 
fit the older drain. Clear proof was found during 
the underpinning of the chancel in 1906 that when 
the two-storied sanctuary was formed in its eastern 
half, in about 1180, the older walls were merely 
thickened by the addition of an independent ' skin,' 
about I ft. thick, on the inside, to serve as an extra 
abutment for the vault. The original plastering still 
remains on the older face, now hidden. This vault 
is of very low pitch, with segmental ribs, clumsily 
constructed, springing from a string-course, with 
corbels in the eastern angles. It is inclosed by a low 
and wide segmental arch, beautifully moulded, with 
nook-shafts having foliate capitals and chamfered 
imposts, all in chalk. The arch has a hood-moulding 
enriched with the dog-tooth ornament, and two 
orders, both moulded, the outer having a cusped or 
horse-shoe border in relief over a deep hollow 1 ,, 
which gives a very rich effect. In the south wall are A 
piscina and aumbry of the same period, and in thw 



22 




< U 



< z 

01 - 



M 



u V 

a A 
U ~ 

6 

I 

3 

o 
O 




O y 

h g 1 
= u 



O 

U 



GODALMING HUNDRED 



COMPTON 



western part of the chancel proper are windows, one 
in either wall, of like date, within plainly splayed 
pointed heads. That on the south has, however, 
been altered externally in the I 3th century, so that 
it is now a low side window of two lights. Hard by 
a very carefully finished squint (c. 1 1 60) pierces the 
chancel arch pier. Its other end is blocked by the 
pulpit. In either wall to the east is a small doorway 
with a pointed head. The western jamb of the south 
door stands on an early base. That on the north 
now gives access to the modern vestry, but no doubt 
originally opened to a stair which led to the upper 
chapel, a purpose at present served by a modern 
staircase placed within the small building on the 
opposite side, which is entered by the other door. 
A wide lancet, of date about 1250, is found on either 
side of the chancel, westward of these doors, and a 
two-light window of about the same date remains in 
the south wall of the lower sanctuary. 

The anchorite's cell, or watching-place, whichever it 
be, on the south side of the chancel has several interest- 
ing features : a tiny round-headed window apparently 
of 1 2th-century date ; a door opening outwards sug- 
gesting that there was a porch or out-building of 
timber attached to the southern side ; and a squint 
with a peculiar cross-shaped opening to the chancel. 
This squint, which would command a view of the 
altar, is high enough for a person to kneel within 
it on the cell side, and the oak board on its sill shows 
a depression worn by constant use. The squint also 
looks towards a nameless tomb, quatrefoil panelled, of 
15th-century date, beneath a window of the same 
period in the north wall of the sanctuary, which prob- 
ably served as an Easter Sepulchre. In the recent 
underpinning of the chancel walls several male 
skeletons (one having abundant bright red hair on 
the skull), buried one above another, were found 
beneath this tomb, and it has been suggested that 
these were successive occupants of the anchorite's 
cell. 

The present east window of the upper chapel is 
modern, and replaces one of three lights with four- 
centred or elliptical heads, probably of late 1 6th-cen- 
tury date. Standing upon a beam above the low arch 
which forms the entrance to the lower sanctuary is the 
unique piece of early wooden screen-work or balustrad- 
ing, placed here when the vaulting was constructed, 
about 1 1 So. 1 " It consists of nine semicircular arches, 
cut out of a single plank, resting upon octagonal shafts, 
having foliate capitals and moulded bases. A modern 
deal capping now crowns the top. The chancel roof 
is covered with modern boarding on the inside. In 
the nave and north aisle the roof timbers are ancient, 
perhaps of the I zth century : the south aisle roof has 
been largely renewed. Few churches possess such 
interesting early lyth-century fittings as the com- 
munion-table, rail and gates, with pierced scroll- 
carving, newels and balusters, the pulpit and sounding- 
board, also elaborately carved, and the chancel screen, 
now placed at the west end, and also enriched with 
pierced scroll-work and circular arches on baluster 
shafts. The seats in the chancel and body of the 
church are all modern. 

In the southern window of the sanctuary is a beau- 
tiful fragment of early 13th-century glass representing 
the Blessed Virgin and Child. Other ancient frag- 



ments of grisaille or pattern-work have disappeared 
within living memory. The glass now in the west 
window of the south aisle, but originally made for 
the east window of the sanctuary, appears to be of I yth 
or 18th-century date, and its subject is the Baptism of 
our Lord. 

The chancel walls have been re-plastered, but there 
may be ancient paintings under the whitewash in the 
nave. 

Resting within the blocked north doorway, outside, 
is part of a late 1 2th-century coffin lid, bearing a 
floriated cross. 

In the centre passage of the nave is a slab bearing 
the brasses of a civilian and his wife, dated 1508. 
The man wears a long fur-lined coat, with a girdle, 
from which hangs a gyfxtire. His hair is long and 
he has square-toed shoes. The lady is attired in a 
pedimental head dress and a tight-fitting gown with 
fur cuffs of a somewhat unusual shape, her waist being 
confined by a long ornamented girdle reaching to the 
feet. Beneath the husband are the figures of two 
sons, and one of a daughter, as appears by the indent, 
was originally below the wife's effigy. The inscription 
reads : 

' Pray for the sowllis of Thomas Genyn and 

Margaret hys wyfe, 

the whych decesyd the yere of our Lord MCCCCC 
and VIII, on whos sowllis Ihu have marcy. Amen.' 

Above the figures was a shield, now gone, but 
which, according to Manning, bore Argent on a 
fesse gules three bezants, for Jennings, quartering 
Gules a bull's head cabossed argent armed or. 

From Manning we learn that a marble stone bore 
the following inscription, lost at the time when he 
wrote : 

' Hie jacet Robertus Soule et Margareta uxor ejus, 

quorum 
animabus propicietur Deus. Amen.' 

Besides these, there are several slabs and monu- 
ments of the 1 7th and l8th centuries, including a 
stone at the east end of the nave inscribed to ' Eliza- 
beth wife of Peter Quynell, Esq., daughter and sole 
heiress to Edmund Grey, Rector of Woolbeding, 
1684.' 

Her husband, according to an entry in the register, 
was buried at Compton on 7 May 1666. 

On a tablet in the south aisle are inscriptions to 
members of the Fulham family, 1 7th and 1 8th cen- 
turies. In the churchyard is the fragment of a coped 
coffin-slab bearing a cross, of izth or 13th-century 
date. 

On a jamb-stone of the small blocked window in the 
south aisle is an incised sundial. 

A rare detail is some ancient ridge- or crest-tiles 
on the nave roof. The registers date from 1639. 
The churchwardens' accounts begin 1570, and the 
book is bound up with part of an old processional 
belonging originally to the Abbey of Hyde, near 
Winchester. 

The plate includes a fine communion cup and cover 
or paten, of 1569, with a somewhat unusual form of 
ornament on the paten ; another paten and a flagon 
of 1683 and 1687, given to the church by Dr. Edward 



13> Illustrated in V.C.H. Surr. it, 433. 
23 



A HISTORY OF SURREY 



Fulham, Canon of Windsor, who died 1 694, aged 90, 
and was buried at Compton. 

Of the bells, the treble is by Brian Eldridge, 1634, 
and the second by the same founder, 1660. The 
tenor is by Mears, 1845. 

The church was mentioned in 
ADVQWSOX the Domesday Survey of Compton. 1 " 
The advowson seems to have been in 
dispute early in the 1 4th century between the lords 
of Foisted and Compton Westbury, for, though 
Hugh of Foisted granted the advowson with Foisted 
to Simon Passelew, 1 " Henry of Guildford, lord of 
Westbury, died seised of it ; his successor, John the 
Marshal, disputed the presentation, and finally John 
of Brideford presented a rector." 6 Thenceforward the 
history of the advowson was coincident with that of 
Compton Westbury, saving that during the I Jth and 
1 8th centuries the Mores and their descendants sold 
the right of presentation for several turns to members 



of the Fulham family. 187 It is now in the hands of 
the owner of Loseley and Westbury. 

The charities are Smith's Charity, 
CHARITIES on the usual terms for the relief of 
deserving poor, charged on the War- 
bleton estate, Sussex ; a bequest by Richard Wyatt, in 
his will, 20 March 1618, for the maintenance of one 
poor man, with is. gd. a week and clothes once a 
year, in the almshouses at Godalming trustees, the 
Carpenters' Company ; 50.1., charged on land in 
Compton, in bread and money to the poor and 
clothes to two aged persons, by John Thompsall, first 
distributed in 1674, in the hands of the church- 
wardens and overseers ; a gown yearly to one poor 
woman, and the overplus bread, by Mrs. Jane 
Aburne, by will 19 May 1708. 

A convalescent home for four inmates was founded 
in 1884 by Miss Hagart, and is supported by Mrs. 
Ellice of Eastbury. 



GODALMING 



Godelminge (xi cent.) ; Godhalminges and Godeli- 
ming (xiii cent.) ; Godlyman (xvii cent.). 1 

The town of Godalming is 32 miles from London, 
and 4 from Guildford. The parish is of an extremely 
irregular shape, the extreme measurements being 6 
miles north and south, 4 miles east and west. The 
area is 6,980 acres of land, and 59 of water. 

The parish is entirely upon the Lower Green Sand, 
with the exception of alluvium in the valley of the 
Wey. The town lies in the valley, but its outskirts 
extend on to the hill to the south, called Holloway 
Hill, and to the north near Hurtmore, where the 
Charterhouse School stands. The most extensive 
open ground is Highden Heath to the south, near 
Hambledon. High Down is a corruption ; it was 
Hyddenesheth in 1453,' and Hyde Stile is near it. 
Hyden Ball rises to 592 ft. above the sea. Chauncey 
Hare Townshend, a poet of some celebrity, born at 
Busbridge in Godalming, 1798, celebrated the view 
from it. Burghgate, or Burgate Farm, where a road 
comes up the declivity of the sand from the Weald, 
perhaps gives its name to Bargate stone, a well-known 
building stone. But Topley * says that though the 
stone occurs freely in the parish, it does not occur here. 
Manning and Bray suggest that this was the en- 
trance to Godalming Common Park, which stretched 
over the waste land hence to the common fields on 
Holloway Hill and near Busbridge, south of the 
town. The tenants by copy of court roll had to 
repair the park palings. 4 The park is marked with 
no inclosure in Rocque's map ; but, from absence of 
any early reference to it, the probability is that 
' park,' in the sense of ' a pound,' is here intended. 
The meadows to the west, up the Wey, are called 
Salgasson. In the 1 4th century this was spelt 
Chelnersgarston. The meadows by the river, north 



of the town, were lammas lands, common pasture 
for the parish; under regulations as to the number 
of beasts allowed to townsmen. Westmede was 
old common pasture closed from Lady Day to 
St. Peter ad Vincula.* The common fields had been 
partly alienated to private use in Elizabeth's time. 
In Court Rolls of 23 September 1591 it appears 
that Arnold Champion had alienated to John West- 
broke 6 acres by estimation, lately parcels of the field 
called ' Godalmyng field,' and four closes of 1 6 acres 
lately parcel of the field called ' Ashtedfielde ' in Godal- 
ming. The fields in Shackleford were called Estfield, 
Southfield, and Buryland. 

Shackleford inclosure had begun earlier. On 5 Oc- 
tober 1503 Robert Bedon had inclosed 'land called 
Andyelle,' ' Rydys and Wodecrofte, that was never 
before inclosed.' The final Inclosure Act for Godal- 
ming and Catteshull was passed in l8o3, 6 and Pease- 
marsh, partly in Godalming, Compton, and Arlington, 
was inclosed by an Act of the same year. 7 

The three ancient mills of the Domesday Survey 
were at Catteshull (mentioned 22 September 1453), 
Westbrook (mentioned 21 September 1441), and 
Eashing ; and there was a mill called Southmill at 
Lalleborne 8 (Laborne). 

The road from Guildford to Portsmouth passes 
through the parish, and also the South Western Rail- 
way (Portsmouth line), opened through in 1859. ^ n 
1 849 however, the line had been taken from Guildford 
to Godalming old station, now used for goods only 
as a siding. Farncombe station was opened when 
old Godalming station was disused in 1898. The 
Wey Navigation was extended from Guildford to 
Godalming in 1 760, with four locks. 

The old bridge of Godalming was owned by the 
lords of the manor and hundred. It was only open 



1M V.C.H. Surr. i, 322*. 

Feet of F. Surr. 45 Hen. Ill, 30. 
It is alo mentioned in the conveyance of 
Foisted by John de Middleton. 

la6 Egerton MSS. 2031, 2034. 

W Imt. Bks. P.R.O. 

1 In 1647 it was spelt God Almaignt. 
The pronunciation of that time is illus- 



trated by the following 17th-century 
proverb : 

He that shall say well, do well, and 

think well in mind, 
Shall as soon come to heaven, as they 

that dwell at Godalming.' 

(Add. MS. (B.M.), 6167, fol. 167). 
24 



" Ct. R. Geol. of the Weald, 123. 
< Ct. R. 2 Chas. I, Monday after St. 
Matt. 5 Ct. R. Aug. 2, 1453. 

6 43 Geo. Ill, cap. 99. The award wa 
dated 1811. 

7 43 Geo. Ill, cap. 94. 

8 Thursday after Michaelmas I 108 ; 
Ct. R. 



GODALMING HUNDRED 



GODALMING 



to the public in times of flood, when the ford was 
dangerous. This is the bridge at the east end of 
the town ; it was first improved when the Ports- 
mouth road was made, or improved, in I749- 9 It 
was taken over by the county 5 April 1782, and the 
first stone of the new bridge was laid by Lord 
Grantley 23 July 1782.' The bridgenear the church 
was made where a ford existed, about 1870. Bolden 
Bridge, just above it, was formerly repaired by the 
lord of the manor." 

Broadwater, in the Portsmouth road, is the seat of 
Mr. E. G. Price. Munstead Hall, picturesquely 
situated in the woods on what used to be called 
Munstead Heath, on the hills north-east of the town, 
is the seat of Sir Henry Jekyll, K.C.M.G. Apple- 
garth, on Charterhouse Hill, is the seat of Sir John 
Jardine, K.C.S.I., M.P. 

The situation of the town is very pleasant, as it 
lies in a great valley of green meadows, with the Wey 
winding in and out, and with wooded hills rising all 
around, on the spurs of which the outlying parts of 
the town are scattered. There is a modern Godalming, 
consisting of red-brick streets and trim villas, well 
surrounded with trees, lying to the north of the old 
town and around the railway station : but the old 
town follows the Portsmouth 
road, with streets right and 
left. At the junction of the 
principal of these Church 
Street with the High Street 
is placed the town hall or 
market-house, the successor of 
an older one, dating from 1814. 
With its small tower and cupola, 
polygonal end on open arches, 
and general irregularity, it 
groups well with its surround- 
ings. For use it is superseded 
by new municipal buildings in 
Bridge Street, completed in 
1908. 

Both the High Street and 
the cross streets abound with 
old houses, some of timber and 
plaster, some tile-hung, and 
others with 1 8th and igth- 
century brick fronts. In the 
outskirts of the town, on the 
south-west side, the houses are 
built on high banks above the 
road, with raised footways. 
Other specially picturesque 
parts are in Wharf Street, by 
the water-mill, and in Church 
Street, where are some ancient 
timber houses with projecting 
upper stories. Owton or Hart 
Lane, now called Mint Street, 
has some ancient half-timber 
work. The White Hart Inn, 
in the High Street, near the 
Market house, is another good 
example of a timber house 
with two overhanging stories 
having nicely carved brackets ; 
and the adjoining shop has a 



projecting gable-end quite in keeping. The Angel 
Hotel, on the other side of the High Street, though its 
front has been modernized, has some interesting old 
timber work in the rear ; and the ' King's Arms,' where 
Peter the Great and his suite of twenty-one lodged 
on the way from Portsmouth to London in 1698, is 
another hostelry. Among other ancient timber houses 
in the High Street is one which has the Westbrook 
arms on a pane of glass ; but it was not their home. 
They lived at Westbrook, where the last of them 
died, 1537. It is now cut up into a bank and 
a shop, but retains its projecting gables, with richly 
carved barge-boards, and a hint of timber framing, 
concealed by stucco. Its date appears to be about 
the middle of the i6th century. But more interest- 
ing architecturally than any of these is a house with 
an overhanging upper story at the corner of Church 
Street and High Street. It is probably a house 
called ' at Pleystow,' belonging to the Croftes 
family in the 1 6th century. The upper story, like 
many of its neighbours, had been coated with plaster, 
but in the course of repairs a piece of this fell 
off, and disclosed some timber framing of unusual 
character. The whole front was then stripped, with 
the result that a very rich design of timber pargeting, 




GODALMING : OLD TIMBER-FRAMED HOUSE 



21 Geo. II, cap. 36. 
3 



10 MS. at Loseley ; 22 Geo. Ill, cap. 17. 
25 



LoKlejr MSS. 

4 



A HISTORY OF SURREY 



consisting of interlaced squares and circles, has been 
brought to view. The narrow, winding street, the 
irregular roof-lines and overhanging stories, with this 
beautiful piece of detail in the foreground, make the 
whole corner a delightful study. 

Very different in character, but equally valuable to 
the lover of old domestic architecture, are the elabor- 
ately ornamented brick fronts of I jth-century date in 
the High Street. As Mr. Ralph Nevill, F.S.A., 
observes, ' They are good examples of how to treat 
rough stone with brick dressings, and are of a more 
graceful and fanciful character than the later work 
when affected by the intrusion of Dutch taste under 
William III.' " One of these has, in an oval panel, 
the date 1663, and very elaborate cornices of cut 
brick. This retains also its mullioned windows, with 
ornamental casement glazing. Another, also of local 
stone, with cut brick dressings and brick panel-work, 
has good curved and pedimental gables. 

Besides these specially valuable examples there are 
numerous specimens of the sober brick houses of the 
1 8th century, with excellent plain details both inside 
and out. 

On the high ground to the north-west of the town 
stand the buildings of Charterhouse School, which 
was moved here from its old 
home in London in 1872. 
The main block, designed by 
Hardwick, is built round three 
sides of a great court open 
to the west, called Founder's 
Court, with the chapel on the 
south, the head master's house, 
' Saunderites,' on the north, 
and a tall tower with a spire, 
Founder's Tower, on the east, 
flanked on the north by the 
school museum and part of the 
old foundation scholars' house, 
' Gownboys,' and on the south 
by the other part of the same 
house. An archway under 

Founder's Tower opens to the south walk of an 
arcaded cloister, Scholars' Court, leading directly to 
the west door of the school library, a fine room flanked 
by classrooms on the north and south, and opening 
on the east to a great hall, also flanked by classrooms, 
built in 1885 from the designs of Sir A. Blomfield. 
The cloister walk already mentioned is crossed at right 
angles by two other walks, one running at the back of 
the east block of the great court, and leading north- 
wards to ' Saunderites,' and southwards through 
' Gownboys,' to another passage which ends in a lobby 
east of the chapel, and a second walk near the west 
end of the library, leading to a block of classrooms on 
the north, and to the east end of the passage just 
mentioned on the south. South of this passage is a 
third house, ' Verites,' forming the south front of the 
group of buildings, which are collectively known as 
'Block.' To the west and south of 'Block 'lie the 
cricket and football grounds, with ' Crown,' the school 
pavilion, on the east, and the fives and tennis courts on 
the west. From Founder's Court a road leads west- 
ward down the hill past the rifle range to the racket 
courts and swimming baths, and beyond them to the 
River Wey, and the school bathing-place. The main 




CHARTERHOUSE SCHOOL. 
Or a cheveron between 
three rings gules 'with 
three crescents argent on 
the cheveron, which are 
the arms of Sutton, the 
founder. 



approach to the school from Godalming is by a road 
running up the valley between Frith Hill on the east 
and Charterhouse Hill on the west, which turning on 
itself passes westward over a bridge and reaches the 
level top of the hill on which ' Block ' stands just to 
the south-east of the great Hall. To the north is one 
of the outhouses as distinguished from those in 
' Block ' ' Girdlestoneites,' with a group of classrooms 
and workrooms near it on the north-west, and 
to the south of the road is another house, ' Weeklies.' 
The remaining houses of the school lie to the east and 
south, standing picturesquely among their trees and 
gardens on the slopes of the hill. 

A few relics from the old buildings in London 
were transplanted to Godalming in 1872, notably the 
arch of entrance to the old schoolrooms, carved all over 
with names of bygone Carthusians, which being placed 
in the lobby east of the chapel, together with a number 
of other similarly adorned stones, has caused a con- 
tinuance of the custom of name cutting, and all the 
walls of the lobby are covered with names, singly or 
in groups, of those who from time to time have made 
their mark in the school. 

The general arrangement of the various houses is 
fairly uniform, consisting of a ' hall ' for the use of the 
upper boys, and a ' long room,' in ' Gownboys,' called 
' writing school,' for the juniors, separate studies for 
the upper boys, and long dormitories with cubicles. 
In the halls are panels with the names of monitors 
and those who have represented the school in cricket, 
football, &c. 

The chapel is a simple rectangle in plan, with a 
central passage and rows of seats facing towards it on 
the north and south, a south aisle at a higher level 
than the chapel proper, a west organ gallery and lobby, 
with canopied stalls on the east, and a south-west 
tower, under which is the main entrance. A cloister 
has lately been added on the south in memory of 
Dr. W. Haig-Brown, for many years head master, and 
is now filled with brass tablets and other memorials. 

The library, originally a big schoolroom, contains 
a valuable collection of books, drawings, and pictures, 
and there are a number of pictures in the Great 
Hall, and the ' Orator ' and ' Gold Medallist ' boards 
from Old Charterhouse. The uses of ' Hall,' which 
is separated from ' Library ' by a movable wooden 
partition, are many and various, such as concerts, 
rifle corps drill, examinations, prize-givings, ' call over,' 
and the like. 

Of late years, a new museum, surrounded by class- 
rooms, and new science classrooms have been built, and 
a wooden building with a central hall and classrooms 
at either end, familiarly called ' Barn,' has been taken 
down and set up again on a new site, to be used as a 
music-room. To former generations of Carthusians 
it chiefly recalls memories of a dreary ceremony known 
as 'extra school.' 

The playing fields have been greatly extended in 
the last twenty years. ' Green,' south of the main 
buildings of the school, is devoted to school matches 
and first eleven cricket, while ' Big Ground,' west of 
the chapel, holds the same position in regard to foot- 
ball. On ' Under Green ' are eight cricket grounds, 
rather close together, and on ' Lessington ' are five 
football grounds. And there are a number of other 
grounds besides. 



11 Ralph Nevill, F.S.A., F.R.I.B.A., Cottage and Damatic Architecture of South-vilest Surr. (ed. z), 4.7 

26 



GODALMING HUNDRED 



GODALMING 




GODALMING : BASHING BRIDGE 



The hamlet of Hashing contains many old cottages 
of architectural interest, and an ancient bridge over 
the Wey. One of the cottages is on the river close 
to the bridge. It is largely of timber framing. The 
other cottages at Lower Eashing form a highly 
picturesque group, with high-pitched roofs, hipped 
gables, and dormers of half-timbered construction, 
with a specially fine and lofty group of chimneys, 
connected with the main roof by a sort of lean-to. 
An ivy-clad stone wall to the fore-court heightens 
the artistic effect, and within the court is an ancient 
well-house, retaining its old wheel and bucket. 13 
Another cottage in this neighbourhood has a fine crow- 
stepped chimney. Near Eashing House is a brick and 
timber building, with circle work in the gable. Eash- 
ing House itself was built by Ezra Gill in 1729-36 
on the site of the house called Jordans. 

Eashing Bridge, of three low stone-built round 
arches, with breakwaters between them, is probably 
of early 1 3th-century date. It has lately been 
acquired by 'The National Trust for the Preservation 
of Places of Natural Beauty and Historical Associa- 
tions.' It was formerly repaired by the lord of the 
manor. In 1568 it is presented in the Hundred 
Court as valde ruinosa, the obligation of repair being 
* on the queen. But in 1588 it was ruinosa still. 1 * 

The name Eashing is of great antiquity. It is 
mentioned in Alfred's will, where it was left to his 
nephew ^Edhelm. In the Burghal Hidage, a docu- 
ment attributed by Professor Maitland to the loth 
century," it appears as a site of a fortified place, where 



the expression myd jEicingum shows that it was a tribal 
name. The burn is not likely to have been here. There 
are two tithings of Godalming, Lower Eashing where 
are the hamlets of Lower and Upper Eashing, as here 
described, and Upper Eashing Tithing, quite separate 
from it. The latter is High Tithing ' of the 
Hundred Rolls, about Busbridge, which name has 
superseded it as the name of a hamlet. Bus- 
bridge seems to have been named from a family who 
came from Kent, in 1384 spelt ' Burssabrugge ' and 
' Burrshebrugge' (Hundred Rolls). There was other 
land called Bushbridges the possession of the same 
family in the Godalming common fields. James de 
Bushbridge sold Bushbridge or Busbridge to John 
Eliot of Godalming under Henry VIII. 18 His grand- 
son Laurence Eliot sailed with 
Drake round the world. His 
son William, born 1587," was 
knighted 1620. He built the 
old house of Busbridge, to 
judge from the features of the 
building, and formed the park, 
having a grant of free warren 
in his lands of 500 acres in 
1637," and died 1650. His 
son William, born 1624, died 
1697, leaving a son William, 
born 1671, who died 1708. 
His brother Laurence sold the property in 1 7 1 o. It 
passed through the hands of various owners. Among 
these was Philip Carteret Webb, F.R.S., born 1700, 




ELIOT of Godalming, 
Azure a fesse or. 



18 These cottages are illustrated in 
Mr. Nevill's Old Cottage aid Domestic 
Architecture of South-west Surr. (ed. 2), 
65 ; a,nd in Old Cottages and Farmhouses 
in Suirr. by W. Galsworthy Davie, and 



W. Curtis Green, pi. 22, 23, 24, and 
29. 

14 Loseley R. 

15 Maitland, Dam. Bk. and Beyond, 502 
et seq. 

2 7 



18 Survey of Godalming, I, 2, 3, 
Edw. VI. 

*' Godalming Registers. 

18 Pat. R. 1 3 Chas. I, pt. xxvii. 



A HISTORY OF SURREY 



solicitor to the Treasury 1756-65, M.P. for Hasle- 
mere 1754-67. He was a distinguished lawyer, 
antiquary, and collector. He died at Busbridge in 
1770. Chauncey Hare Townshend the poet was 
born here in 1798, when his father owned the pro- 
perty, which he bought in 1796. It now belongs to 
Mr. P. Graham. The house was pulled down in 
1 906, and a new one is being erected on a new site. 

The hamlet of Shackleford contains some old cot- 
tages and farm buildings and many new houses in very 
beautiful scenery. Hall Place, the house of Richard 
Wyatt, who built the Mead Row Almshouses, was 
pulled down. The offices were made an inn, called 
Cyder House. The inn was acquired by Mr. William 
Edgar Home, who turned it into a modern mansion. 
The panelling.and overmantel of the dining-room came 
from the Cock Tavern in Fleet Street, London, whilst 
the gallery railings in the hall came from the old 
Banqueting Hall at Whitehall. 

Neolithic implements found upon Charterhouse 
Hill and the school cricket ground are now in the 
school museum. 

King Edward's school is in the Laborne tithing of 
Godalming parish, close to Witley Station. It is a 
school for destitute boys who have never been con- 
victed of crime, who are trained for the Army, Navy, 
or industrial life, and is under the control of the 
Governors of Bridewell and Bethlehem Hospital. The 



,Sfr 




SHACKLEFORD : OLD CIDER PRESS HOUSE AT 
HALL PLACE 

corresponding girls' school is in Southwark. This 
building was erected in 1867, and enlarged in 1882 
and 1887, and will hold 240 boys. It is in the 
Italian Renaissance style in brick. There is a chapel 
for the joint use of this school and the Convalescent 
Home for women and children in Witley. 

The Technical Institute and School of Science and 
Art in Bridge Road was built in 1896 in the Renais- 
sance style from designs by Mr. S. Welman. 

A cemetery was opened in 1857. The present 
cemetery was opened in 1899. It serves both the 
civil parishes, the town and Godalming Rural, and is 
under joint management. 

A Roman Catholic chapel used to exist, but had no 
resident priest. The new Roman Catholic Church of 
St. Edmund King and Martyr is in Croft Road. It 



was consecrated in 1906. It consists of a plain nave 
and chancel divided by a pointed arch. It is of local 
stone with a tiled roof. On the north is a low tower. 
The Unitarian chapel in Mead Row was built 
before 1 809, when worship is first recorded there in 
the church books, in accordance with a resolution 
passed as far back as 1788, for a Baptist congregation 
which had met at Worplesdon, and which admitted 
another body of Unitarian Baptists who met at 
Crownpits, Godalming, in 1814. In 1818 the 
Baptist qualification was dropped, and the meeting 
became Unitarian as the older members died. 

A Congregational chapel was opened in 1730 in 
Hart Lane. The building has been replaced since. 
Under Charles II the population of Godalming had 
been very largely nonconformist ; 700 or 800 people 
met in a conventicle every Sunday, and 400 or 500 
monthly in a Quaker's house, out of a population of 
under 3,ooo. 19 In 1725 there was no meeting house, 
but ' several kinds of Protestant Dissenters of no great 
consideration as to numbers or quality.' * The con- 
gregation may be considered however the lineal repre- 
sentative of the conventicle of the reign of Charles II, 
organized in 1730. There is now a Wesleyan chapel, 
a Friends' meeting house, and a small Baptist chapel, 
opened in 1903. 

The parish is divided into two civil parishes, 
Godalming Urban and Godalming Rural." The 
former includes the borough of 897 acres. 

There were anciently nine tithings, for which tith- 
ingmen were chosen : Godalming Enton (the town), 
Binscombe, Catteshull, Bashing, Farncombe, Hurtmore, 
Laborne, Shackleford, Tuesley. Tithingmen also 
attended the Godalming Hundred Court from Shackle- 
ford, Arlington and Littleton (in St. Nicholas Guild- 
ford), Compton, Peper Harow, Chiddingfold Magna, 
Chiddingfold Parva, and Haslemere. But the names 
of the tithings vary from time to time, nor are they 
all constantly represented in the extant rolls. High 
Tithing, from which tithingmen also came, is the 
same as Upper Bashing, answering nearly to Bus- 
bridge. To the Godalming Enton Court Vann, 
Haslemere, Chiddingfold, Shackleford, Bashing, and 
Godalming constantly sent tithingmen. All these were 
originally in the manor and were perhaps in the parish. 
There were parish churches at Compton, Chidding- 
fold, and Haslemere, and churches at Tuesley, Hurt- 
more, Catteshull, Arlington (St. Catherine) ; there 
are modern churches at Farncombe, Shackleford, and 
Busbridge." 

In Domesday in the manor held by Ranulf Flam- 
bard, which was afterwards known as the Reclory 
Manor, ihere are twelve cotarii mentioned. In the 
king's manor of Godalming there were no cotarii, 
but in Tuesley, held by Flambard, were six cotarii. 
Tuesley was afterwards included in the Rectory 
Manor. In the rolls preserved at Loseley there 
are fourteen, and in the survey of I Edward VI, 
eighteen cotholders, on the king's manor. They 
are described as libere tenentes a or ' free ten- 
ants,' but their services seem to have been similar 
to the ordinary villein services in kind, though 
different in particulars. They all paid small money 
renls. They goi in the lord's hay ;" and did suit at 
the courts." They paid heriots on succession, and 



19 V.C.H. Surr. ii, 39, 40. 

K Bishop Willis' Visitation, 1724-5. 

56 & 57 Viet. cap. 73. 



See below. 
Miru. Accts. 
Hen. VIII, no. n. 



Mic. Co. 33, 34 



" Ct. R. 24 Aug. 3 1 Edw HI. 

* Ct. R. 23 Aug. 31 Hen. VI, Ac. 



28 



GODALMING HUNDRED 



GODALMING 



fines, and were admitted, like other tenants of the 
manor, at the courts which did common service as 
both hundred and manorial courts. For instance, on 

15 June 19 Henry VI (1441) Juliana wife of John 
Savage was admitted ' ad unam parcellam terrae unius 
cotlonde vocatam Hykemannes,' as heiressof Christiana 
wife of John Peck, and paid a fine of two shillings, 
doing fealty. Only six weeks after this, on 27 July 
1441, Juliana who was 

the wife of John Savage 
was deceased. There was 
no heriot, because Juliana 
had no beast. John her 
husband was admitted as 
tenant for life of the 
'cotlond,' paying a fine 
of one shilling and four- 
pence." The cotholders 
had perhapo a share in 
the common fields : on 

1 6 March 8 Richard II 
(1385) John Farnham 
claimed, as heir, Edward 
Waterman's land. Ed- 
ward Waterman was a 
cotholder, and some of 
his land lay in campo and 
some in communi campo. 
But it is possible that 
this may have been apart 
from his cotholding. One 
of the services of the cot- 
holders was to convey 
prisoners to the county 
gaol at Guildford Castle. 
This service was due from 
Waterman's land, and fur- 
ther he was hangman ap- 
parently, for after the 
conveyance of prisoners 
the words are added et eos 
suspendet. The convey- 
ance of prisoners led on 
one occasion to a mis- 
adventure which illustrates 
the lawless action possi- 
ble in the 1 4th century, 
though the perpetrator 
was a Frenchman of Ca- 
lais, before Calais belonged 



There was no chance then of the guard and 
prisoners being locked up together, but the county 
gaol was in Southwark, and the obligation much more 
burdensome than when it was at Guildford. 13 The 
question was raised at the same court whether the 
cotholders were bound to repair the fence of the 
common pound of Godalming. This seems to 
differentiate them from the other customary 




to England, in the service 
of Margaret, the second wife of Edward I. Richard atte 
Watere of Godalming came to the king's court in 1317 
or 1318, and complained that his tenure obliged him 
to convey prisoners to Guildford Castle from the 
court at Godalming, and that Andrew de Caleys, 
constable of the castle of Queen Margaret at Guild- 
ford, took Richard vi et armis, and shut him up with 
his prisoners for three months and more, and only let 
him go on payment of a heavy ransom. It was 
ordered that the sheriff should produce Andrew to 
answer to this on the morrow of St. Martin.* 7 

The obligation to convey prisoners, at their own 
proper charges, lay in the cotholders as late as 1670. 



GODALMING: 'THE WHITE HART' (see p 



tenants ; for there was no question that the latter 
had to repair it. The obligation occurs frequently, 
and had been affirmed so lately as by the court 
held on the Monday after St. Matthew 1626." 
They certainly repaired the fence of the lord's pound 
or pinfold. 30 

Queen Elizabeth incorporated the 
BOROUGH town by a charter dated 25 January 
1574-5," when the cloth trade was 
flourishing there." The corporate body was to con- 
sist of the warden (gardlanus) and inhabitants, who 
were to have the usual right of impleading, and also a 
common seal. At the same time the queen granted 



* Loseley R. of dates cited. 

*< DC Banco R. Trin. 1 1 Edw. II, m. 

tCa. 

18 t. R. 14 Oct. 22 Chas II. 



M R. in steward's hands. 

80 R.patiim; Exch. Min. Accts. 34 & 35 
Hen. VIII, Div. Co. R. 64, m. 11. 

81 Pat. 17 Eliz. pt. vii, no. 4. 

29 



81 Though the inhabitants complained 
of their great poverty ; possibly only for 
the sake of rhetoric. 



A HISTORY OF SURREY 



the town a weekly market on Wednesdays," thus 
forgoing her own right as lady of the manor to the 
market granted by Edward I. She also granted them 
an annual fair to last three days, beginning on the eve of 
Candlemas Day, which did not interfere, however, 
with her own manorial fair held in June. 34 The 
warden was to collect the tolls of market and fair for 
the maintenance of the town. The queen herself 
appointed the first warden, John Perrior," to hold 
office till the following Michaelmas, at which time a 
warden was to be nominated by the chief inhabitants 
of the town in the presence of the other inhabitants, 
and then elected by the majority. In the follow- 
ing reign ordinances were drawn up ' for the better 
order and government of the town,' S6 directing that 
there should be eight assistants chosen from such 




GODALMING : OLD BRICK HOUSES (see p, 



inhabitants as had borne office as bailiff, constable, 
or tithingman, to be elected for life by the warden 
and inhabitants, a warden chosen by the majority of 
the assistants from their own number, and a bailiff 
elected yearly from those who were capable of being 
constable or tithingmen. The warden and assistants 
had power to levy assessments on the householders, 
more especially for the repair of the town clock, 
and opposition to them might be punished by dis- 
franchisement. 

The present extent of the borough of Godalming 
dates from November 1 894." 

Before its incorporation by Elizabeth there were 
no traces of any institutions which might indicate the 
existence of a borough. During the lordship of the 
Bishops of Salisbury, Godalming was merely a market 

town with an annual 
fair held by the bishop 
under a royal grant of 
1 300." In the Nomina 
Villarum of 1315 it is 
not distinguished as a 
borough. Constantly in 
the Hundred Rolls per- 
sons are presented for 
carrying on trades out- 
side Godalming because 
in so doing they are 
extra villam mercatoriam.. 
They seem to have been 
content with fines time 
after time, especially for 
the privilege of dress- 
ing leather where they 
pleased. In 1563 God- 
aiming was constituted a 
market town by statute. 39 * 
The great industry in. 
the 1 6th century was in 
woollen stuffs. The trade 
was in decay in the I /th 
century. 40 Shortly after 
the ordinances of James I 
the townspeople were in. 
great distress, for in 1 630 
they were suffering from 
want of a market for their 
manufactuies, chiefly 
Hampshire kersey s, 41 
whilst a few years before 
they had been obliged to 
postpone their fair for 
fear of the plague, 41 but 
were nevertheless visited 
by the dread sickness in 
1 636-7." The present 
industries are tanning 
(Westbrook) and paper- 
ma k i n g (Catteshull). 
There are also flour-mills 



88 In 1674. the day of the market 
was changed from Wednesday to Friday, 
but had returned to Wednesday by the 
19th century. Col. S.P. Dam. 1673-5, 

P- 95- 

w See Chart R. 28 Edw. I, m. 6 ; Add. 
MS, 6167, fol. 167 ; Parl. Papers, 1835, 
'v, 735 t >eq. 



85 See f.C.H. Surr. ii, 346-7, and Surr. 
Arch. Coll. xix. 

86 See Parl. Pafers, 1835, xxiv, 735. 

*> Under Loc. Govt. Bd. Orders 
Confirm. Act (No. n), 9 Nov. 1892. 

88 Chart. R. 28 Edw I, m. 6, no. 24. 
It may be this grant which gave rise to 
the tradition that the town had a royal 
charter in 1300 ; cf. Parl. Pafers, 1835, 

30 



xxiv, 735. The market-day recited was 
Monday, and the fair was held on the 
eve, dny, and morrow of St. Peter and 
St. Paul. 

89 5 Eliz. cap. 4, sec. 44. 

40 V.C.H. Surr. ii, 342. 

41 Cat. S.P. Dam. 1629-31, p. 391.: 
Ibid. 1625-6, p. 45. 

"Ibid. 1636-7, p. 353. 



GODALMING HUNDRED 



GODALMING 



and timber-yards." In 1666 Elizabeth's charter was 
confirmed by Charles II." 

In 1825 an Act was passed for paving, lighting, and 
otherwise improving the town of Godalming, 46 which, 
till then, had been ill-lighted with oil, and guarded 
only by a bellman or watch supported by arbitrary 
assessments levied by the warden and his assistants." 
The first attempt to pave the town had been made in 
1528. 

In 1484 the lord of the manor had received 4*. 
profit from the watch of Godalming. 48 It is stated in 
a Parliamentary account of the borough drawn up in 
1835 49 that the greater part of its bye-laws appeared 
to be illegal ; that the town was governed neither 
according to the charter of Elizabeth nor the institu- 
tions of James I ; that the choice of warden was always 
so arranged as to ensure the election of a nominee 
three years after his nomination ; that the number of 
assistants had diminished, and that the bailiff, who had 
then been in office twenty years, had succeeded his 
father. At this time the chief duty of the warden 
was to take the lead in all public meetings, to advise 
the constables, who were appointed at the court leet 
held by the lord of Godalming, and to defray the 
surplus expenditure, which was considerable, owing to 
the lack of any town property ; while the assistants 
aided the warden, and the bailiff collected the tolls of 
the fair. The corporation was reconstituted by the 
Municipal Corporation Act of 1835,* under which 
the tide of ' warden ' was changed to that of ' mayor,' 
whilst four aldermen and twelve councillors took the 
place of the former ' assistants.' 

The town has never had any property of impor- 
tance. The tolls of the market and fair it possessed 
by Queen Elizabeth's charter of incorporation. They 
were levied in kind until 1825, when the tolls of 
market were for the sake of the town's prosperity 
forgone by the warden and assistants. The only other 
source of income was the Market House, which was 
leased from time to time, though still used for town 
purposes. 51 The old market house was pulled down 
in 1814 and a poor building erected in its place. 
The old house had been also the Hundred House, where 
the hundred court was held. It was from its appear- 
ance of a date not later than the 1 5th century. In 
1616 it was in need of repair, as appears from the 
will of John Purchase, dyer, of Godalming. It is 
referred to as the 'Hundred House' in a deed of 1 532. 
A court of pie powder was held there on market-days. 
GODALMING MANOR was a posses- 
MANORS sion of King Alfred, who bequeathed it 
to his nephew Ethelwald." The latter 
doubtless forfeited it to the Crown, for he rebelled 




SIE or SALISBURY. 
Azure Our Lady stand- 
ing -with the Child in her 
arms or. 



against Edward the Elder in 905 and died in arms." 
Edward the Confessor held Godalming, which remained 
an appurtenance of the Crown till Stephen's son, 
William Earl de Warrenne, obtained a grant of it," 
but probably resigned it with his other lands before 
1 159. It seems that Henry II granted it to Stephen 
de Turnham," for in 1206 he obtained a confirma- 
tion of Arlington, and with it the hundred and all 
other appurtenances which he 
had of the gift of Henry II. M 
In 1 22 1 a mandate was issued 
to the Sheriff of Surrey to de- 
liver to the Bishop of Salis- 
bury seisin of the manor and 
hundred of Godalming, which 
had been held by Edelina de 
Broc, Stephen's widow. 57 Ma- 
bel de Bavelingham, one of 
Stephen and Edelina's five co- 
heiresses, released the manor 
and hundred to the Bishop 
of Salisbury in 1224," while 
ten years afterwards three of 

the remaining co-heiresses sued Robert Bishop of 
Salisbury for the manor, 49 but were evidently unsuc- 
cessful, for it remained the property of that see till 
1541 2. 60 In 1294 the king granted the bishop free 
warren in his demesne lands in Godalming. 61 In 
1541 the Bishop of Salisbury exchanged Godalming 
Manor and Hundred for the prebend of Bluebery, 
then held by Thomas Paston, one of the gentlemen of 
the Privy Chamber, 6 * and evidently an agent for the 
king, to whom he immediately gave Godalming in 
exchange for other estates. 63 In 1595 Anthony 
Viscount Montague was appointed steward of the 
manor, 64 and in 1 60 1 Queen Elizabeth sold it to Sir 
George More of Loseley, 65 in whose family it re- 
mained for more than two and a half centuries. 66 

Mr. James More-Molyneux sold it about 1865-70 
to Mr. James Stewart Hodgson, who died in 1 899. It 
is now in the possession of Mr. F. A. Crisp of Hurt- 
more, who bought it in 1909. 

There were court baron and court leet in con- 
nexion with Godalming Manor. 67 The lord of 
Godalming also had relief and heriot. 68 In 1394 
Richard II granted to John Waltham, Bishop of Salis- 
bury, all the amercements of the tenants and residents 
in his fee and in that of the dean and chapter, together 
with assize of all victuals, waifs and strays, and freedom 
from purveyance. 69 These liberties were claimed by 
Sir George More in i6o5-6. 70 The fishing and 
fowling rights throughout the hundred were leased to 
Richard Bedon while the manor was in the king's 



1 V.C.H. Surr. ii, 340. 
44 No enrolment of the charter has been 
found ; Par!. Papers, 1835, xxiv, 735. 
46 6 Ceo. IV, cap. 177. 
*' Parl. Pa fen, 1835, xxiv, 735 et seq. 

48 Add. R. 26892. 

49 Par!. Pafers, 1835, xxiv, 735. 

60 5 & 6 Will. IV, cap. 76, schedule B. 
41 Parl. Pafers, 1835, xxiv, 735 et seq. 
"Birch, Cart. Sax. ii, 178; i, 178 et seq. 
U 4ngl.-Sax. Chron. (Rollt Ser.), i, 
i8:-2. 

44 r. C. H. Surr. i, 298* ; Red. Bk. of 
Excb. ii, 654 ; Fife R. 2 Hen. II (Rec. 
Com.), 10. 

44 (Manning and Bray state that the land 
whicii Henry II exchanged with Salisbury 



Cathedral was the manor of Godalming. 
In the deed of exchange, however, mention 
is only made of Godalming Church with 
its appurtenances, i. e. the rectory manor. 
Sarum Chart, and Doe. (Rolls Ser.), 29- 
30 ; Cart. Antiq. C. C. 9. 

M Rot. de Oblatii et Fin. (Rec. Com.), 
339. The history of the manor and that 
of the hundred are elsewhere coincident. 

" Rot. Lit. Claus. (Rec. Com.), i, 455. 

"Feet of F. Surr. 8 Hen. Ill, 23; 
Sarum Chart, and Doc. (Rolls Ser.), 165. 

69 Maitland, Bracton's Nott Bk. 800. 

See below. 

61 Chart. R. 22 Edw. I, m. 3. 

L. and P. Hen. VIII. xvii, 14. 

65 Pat. 34 Hen. VIII, pt. iii, m. 23; 

3 1 



Feet of F. Div. Co. Trin. 34 Hen. VIII ; 
ibid. Hil. 35 Hen. VIII. There is a very 
full and interesting survey of the manor 
taken early in the reign of Edward VI. 
Misc. Bks. (Land Rev.), vol. 190, fol. 223 
et seq. and Misc. Bks. (Exch. T. R.), voln. 
168-9. 

64 Hist. MSS. Com. Ref.vii, App. 654. 

'*Pat. 43 Eliz. pt. xvi. 

** For an account of the family see 
under Loseley. 

6 7 See the account of the hundred. 

68 Misc. Bks. (Land Rev.), vol. 190, fol. 

m- 

"Mem. R. (Exch. K. R.) East. 17 
Ric. II, ' Record:i,' m. 6 (not marked). 
7 Pipe R. 3 Jas. I under ' Sussex resid.' 



A HISTORY OF SURREY 



hands." Early in the 1 7th century a dispute arose 
between Sir George More and Mr. Castillion, farmer 
of the rectory manor, as to the fishing rights belonging 
to the latter. 71 

CATTESHULL (Chatishull, Cateshull, xii cent. ; 
Catteshull, xiii-xiv cent. ; Catteshill, xviii cent.) is a 
manor and tithing in the north-east of Godalming, 
and included lands in Chiddingfold." a Its separate 
existence seems to date from the reign of Henry I, who 
gave Catteshull to Dyvus Purcell." Geoffrey Purcell, 
the king's usher (hostiarius), son of Dyvus, held it free 
of toll as it had been in his father's time, 74 and gave it 
to Reading Abbey on becoming a monk there." This 
gift was confirmed both by the Empress Maud 76 and 
by her opponent Stephen, the latter stipulating in 
his grant that Ralph, Purcell should hold 2cu. 
of land in Windsor of the monks." No mention 
is made of Catteshull in the confirmatory grants of 
Henry II to Reading Abbey, 78 and he seems to have 
regranted it to Ralph de Broc, son of Dyvus Purcell 
(identical with Ralph Purcell), to hold by the service 
of usher of the king's chamber. 79 This service or 
serjeanty by which the manor was held is variously 
stated as 'the keeping of the linen ' M and being 'usher 
of the laundresses.' 81 Ralph de Broc's daughter 
Edelina having married Stephen de Turnham, 81 the 
manor passed to one of his (Stephen's) five 
heiresses, viz. Mabel wife of Thomas de Baveling- 
ham, 83 who was also known as Mabel de Gatton. 
In 1224 she established her claim against the Bishop 
of Salisbury, lord of Godalming, in Arlington and 
Catteshull. 84 She conveyed the manor to her son-in- 
law Robert de Manekesey in 1234, but the sale was 
opposed by her son Hamo de Gatton, whom Edelina 
de Broc had empowered to perform the service due. 84 
Mabel was given the option of buying back the 
manor, 86 but does not seem to have done so, for in 
November 1234 the king confirmed the grant to 
Robert de Manekesey. 87 In 1254-5 Robert de 
Gatton was in possession of Catteshull. 88 He died 
c. 1264, leaving a son Hamo, 89 who was succeeded 
by his son Hamo de Gatton, 90 who dowered his wife 
Margery with Catteshull at the church door. 91 Their 
son, Edmund de Gatton, was an infant at his father's 
death, and died a minor. He had two sisters and 
co-heirs, Elizabeth wife of William de Dene, and 
Margaret wife of Simon de Northwood. 9 ' Of these 



Margaret obtained her purparty of her brother's 
lands in I3I5,' 3 although Guy de Ferre, custodian 
of Edmund's lands during his minority, 94 accounted 
for the manor in February 1319-20." Margaret's 
portion evidently included the whole of Catteshull. 
Her son Sir Robert de Northwood, kt., inherited it 
and made good his claim to it against Robert de Dol 
of Loseley, who asserted that Robert de Manekesey 
had granted it to his grandfather Hugh de Dol and 
his wife Sibyl. 98 Sir Robert was in possession of 
Catteshull at his death in 1360," and was succeeded 
by his son Thomas, who only survived his father a 
year. 98 One of his sisters and heirs, Joan wife of 
John Levyndale, was apportioned certain rents in 
Catteshull, while his other sister, Agnes, afterwards 
wife of William Beaufoy, received the rest of the 
manor, 89 and conveyed it to John Legg, or Leigh, 
serjeant-at-arms, who is said to have been her second 
husband, William Brantingham, and John West. 100 
During the lifetime of John Legg land in Catteshull 
was leased to Elizabeth widow of Peter Stonhurst. 101 
William Brantingham held a court there 25 July 
1383, but almost immediately conveyed the manor to 
Thomas Holland, Earl of Kent, and others, probably 
trustees, for William Brantingham obtained in 1384 
a quitclaim of the rights of Joan Weston, wife of 
William Weston, daughter of Agnes and heiress of 
John Legg or Leigh. 10 ' 

William Brantingham was in possession in 1407 
when he granted the manor to trustees, evidently for 
the purpose of a conveyance to his kinsman John 
Brantingham, which was completed in 1413.'* 
John was still holding in 1421, but in 1428 Richard 
Brantingham was assessed in a feudal aid for the 
manor. In 1430 John Brantingham sold it to Thomas 
Wintershull senior, and others, to the use of Robert, 
father of Thomas, 104 who was lord of Wintershull in 
Bramley (q.v.). In his family it remained 104 till 
1565, when John Wintershull sold it to William 
More of Loseley. 106 His direct descendants retained 
it till i836, 107 at which date James More-Molyneux 
sold it to George Marshall. 108 Mr. Marshall died 
in 1853, having bequeathed his estate to his wife, 
who died 1874, leaving it to her daughter Mrs. 
Fairclough. 

When the lord of Godalming held his yearly 
view of frankpledge at Catteshull the lords of that 



''Misc-Bks. (Land Rev.), vol. 190, fol. 

m- 

WHiit. MSS. Com. Ref. vii, App. 660. 

7 J a Court Rolls passim. 

"' Tata de Ne-vill (Rec. Com.), 223. 

f Add. Chart. (B.M.), 19572. 

"* Ibid. 19576. 

7* Ibid. The date of her confirmation 
was probably May 1141, in which month 
she visited Reading. See Arch. Jwrn. 
xx, 284-96. 

n Add. Chart. (B.M.), 19584. 

78 Harl. MS. 1708, foL 21 et seq. 

? Ttita de Ncvill (Rec. Com.), 223, 
227. 

80 Red Bit. of the Exch. 561, 1013. In 
Inq. p.m. of Robert de Gatton, 48 Hen. Ill, 
90, he is 'marescallus meretricum,' and 
the Red Book of the Exchequer leaves no 
doubt whatever that the literal meaning 
ii correct. See also Chan. Inq. p.m. 
20 Edw. I, no. 25. 

81 Assize R. 80, m. 3 d. See Blount, 
Jocular Tenures (ed. W. C. Hazlitt), 
126. 



81 Testa de Nevill, 223 ; Red Bk. of 
Exch. 561 ; ibid. 1013, where it ap- 
pears that the heirs of Ralph de Broc's 
second daughter, Juliane, had no share in 
Catteshull. 

8s Fine R. 3 Hen. Ill, m. 9. 

" Feet of F. Surr. 8 Hen. Ill, 65. 

85 BracKn's Nate Bk. 1171; Assize 
R. 80, m. 3 d. Robert de Manekesey 
married Mabel's daughter Isabel ; Assize 
R. 867, m. i8d. 

86 Maitland, BracKn's Note Bk. 1171. 

87 Cal. of Chart. R. i, 188. 

88 Assize R. 872, m. 23. He may 
have been either the above-mentioned 
Robert de Manekesey or his son. 

89 Chan. Inq. p.m. 48 Hen. Ill, no. 20. 

90 Ibid. 20 Edw. I, no. 2 J. 
81 Ibid. 29 Edw. I, no. 58. 

m Abbrev. Plac. (Rec. Com.), 318. 
* Cal. Close, 1313-18, p. 237. 
94 Cal. Pat. 1292-1301, p. 570. 
85 Pipe R. 13 Edw. II. 
" De Banco R. 331, m. 311. Roger 
son and heir of Thomas Lewkenor released 

32 



all his right in the manor to Sir Robert de 
Northwood in 1 344 (Loseley D.). 

9 ? Chan. Inq. p.m. 34 Edw. Ill 
(ist nos.), no. 72. 

98 Ibid. 35 Edw. Ill, pt. 2 (lit nos.), 
no. 13. 

" Close, 37 Edw. Ill, m. 38. 

1 Feet of F. Surr. 48 Edw. Ill, 2 ; 
Fine R. 3 Ric. II, m. 3 ; Loseley D. 
3 Ric. II. 

101 Chan. Inq. p.m. 5 Ric. II, no. 34. 

Feet of F. Surr. 8 Ric. II, 73. 

" Loseley D. 

Ibid, and Chan.Inq. p.m. 17 Edw.IV, 
no. 48. 

105 Cal. fat. 1476-85, p. 499 j Exch. 
Inq. p.m. mlix, 2 ; Feet of F. Mich. 
33 Hen. VIII. 

106 Recov. R. Mich. 7 & 8 Elir. m. 
cccxii ; Pat. 7 Eliz. pt. i ; Deed at Lose- 
ley. 

W Feet of F. Trin. 7 Jas. I ; Eat. 
32 Chas. II ; Chan. Inq. p.m. (Ser. 2), 
ccccxxxvii, 106. 

'8 Brayley, op. cit. v, 215. 



GODALMING HUNDRED 



GODALMING 



manor were wont to have the amercements. 109 They 
also had court baron, heriot, and relief. 110 

The chapel of St. Nicholas at Catteshull is mentioned 
in the Dean of Salisbury's survey of Godalming in 
1 220. The lady of the manor claimed suit of court 
from its tenants, but the chaplain and vicar were 
strictly prohibited from paying it. 1 " The chapel 
was near the present manor-house, on the right-hand 
side of the road from Catteshull to Munstead. 

F4RNCOMBE M4NOR was held by Ansgot under 
Edward the Confessor, and became demesne land of 
Odo, Bishop of Bayeux, after the Conquest. He 
added it to the land which he had out in farm at 
Bramley ('convertit ad firmam de Bronlei '). One of 
the king's reeves, Lofus, claimed the manor in 1086, 
asserting that he had held it when the king was in 
Wales (i.e. in 1081), and had kept it till the 
bishop took his journey into Kent (i.e. in lo82). n> 
It was probably granted out to tenants by the Crown 
after the forfeiture of Bishop Odo's lands, for in 1280 
Reginald of Imworth and his wife Matilda held the 
manor in her right "* and 
granted it to John son of 
John Adryan, to hold of Ma- 
tilda and her heirs. 1 " 

The manor passed to the 
Ashursts of East Betchworth 
in the latter part of the I4th 
century. In 1371 William 
Prestwyke and others in Farn- 
combe paid fine for leave of 
absence from the hundred 
court. 1 " There are similar 
payments by the lord of Farn- 
combe, not named, in 1377 
and 1384. In 1382 William 
Ashurst paid a fine of the 
same amount, xii</. 114 The 
Ashursts held High Ashurst in 
Mickleham and other land in 
that neighbourhood, and prob- 
ably had acquired Farncombe 
about 1382, and did not find 
it convenient to attend Godal- 
ming Hundred Court. Ashursts 

paid for non-attendance in 1412, 1440, and 1447- 
In 1413 Margaret Ashurst conveyed Farncombe 
Manor to her son William. 117 

In 1452 the death of William Ashurst, the holder 
of land in Farncombe, is mentioned. 118 

In 1503-4 John Ashurst of Farncombe paid 
igs. <)<t. towards an aid, 119 and he died seised of the 
manor in February 1 506-7, leaving a brother and heir 
William. 110 He is said to have sold the manor, 12 
January, to John Skinner, who had married John 
Ashurst's widow." 1 James Skinner sold it to John 



Mellersh in 1552,'" and John Mellersh, clothier, died 
1567 holding the manor of Farncombe, which he en- 
tailed on his son John and heirs. 113 John cut off the 
entail by recovery 1573,'" but died seised in 1623 
leaving a daughter and heir Juliane who married John 
Launder. 1 " In 1675 John Launder senior, his 
grandson, and the latter's son John Launder junior, 
conveyed the manor to Thomas Mathew and others, 12 * 
probably as trustees to sell, for five years later Robert 
Pratt sold it to Anne Buncombe of Albury, 117 who, 
with her second husband, Timothy Wilson, conveyed 
it to trustees in 1685. 1M After the death of Anne's 
granddaughter, Mary wife of Charles Eversfield, the 
manor, which had been divided among her four 
daughters, was sold by them, 1733-4, to Henry Page," 9 
who left it by will to his nephew John Skeet, 110 after his 
widow's death. She died 1784, and John Skeet was 
in possession in the same year." 1 

His widow died in 1800, having bequeathed Farn- 
combe in moieties to her two daughters, Sarah Hall 
and Elizabeth Geering Lane. The former's infant 




SHACKLEFORD : THE OLD GARDEN, HALL PLACE 



daughters Eliza and Sarah inherited her moiety. 1 " 
In 1841 the manor was the property of William 
Saunders Robinson and others. 13 * The British Free- 
hold Land Society bought the land c. 1850-5 and 
pulled down the Manor House, which stood at the 
angle between Manor Road and Farncombe Street. 
The manor was advertised for sale in 1859, with 76 
heriots and 2 a year quit-rents." 4 It was bought by 
Mrs. Marshall, and belongs now to Mr. George 
Marshall, her grandson. 

In the road near Farncombe, besides several 



109 Chan. Inq. p.m. 20 Edw. I, no. 25. 

110 Plat, de Qua Warr. (Rec. Com.), 
743 ; Misc. Bks. (L.T.R.), clxi*, 114. 

111 Reg. of St. Oimund (Rolli Sen), i, 
297. The chapel it (aid to be 'in curia 
quae fuit Stephani de Thurncham.' 

118 V.C.H. Surr. i, 3020. 

118 Reginald died c. 1280, leaving an 
infant son John ; Chan. Inq. p.m. 8 
Edw. I, file 2;, no. 8. 

111 Feet of F. Surr. 8 Edw. I, 7. 

115 Godalming Hund. Ct. 2 Oct. 45 
Edw. HI. 



Ibid. 29 Oct. I Ric. II ; Oct. 8 
Ric. II ; 6 Ric. II. 

"7 B.M. Add. MS. 6:67, fol. 182; 
Hund. Ct. R. 

118 12 Oct. 31 Hen. VI. 

'"Add. R. (B.M.), 1355. 

130 Chan. Inq. p.m. (Ser. 2), nr, 24. 

111 Deeds quoted by Symmes. Add. 
MS. (B.M.), 6167, fol. 182. 

Feet of F. Surr. Mich. 6 Edw. VI. 

M P.C.C. Will proved 7 Feb. 1568. 

191 Recov. R. Hil. 16 Eliz. 

las Chan. Inq. p.m. (Ser. 2), ccccv, 151. 

33 



196 Feet of F. SUIT. 27 Cha. II. Symmet 
quotes a conveyance by John Launder to 
Thomas Mathew and Robert Pratt. Add. 
MS. (B.M.), 6167, fol. 182. 

"" Close, 32 Chas. II, pt. iii, no. 28. 

198 Feet of F. Surr. East, i Jas. II. 

" Feet of F. Surr. Hil. 6 Anne ; Close, 
7 Geo. II, pt. iv, no. 5. 

"O Manning and Bray, op. cit. i, 624. 

181 Rccov. R. East. 24 Geo. Ill, m. 241. 

1(9 Manning and Bray, op. cit. i, 624. 

its Bray ley, op. cit. v, 219. 

184 W. Surr. Times, 27 Aug. 1859. 



fi 



A HISTORY OF SURREY 



picturesque half-timber cottages and other ancient 
houses, there is a charming block of red-brick almshouses 
in Mead Row, founded in 1622 by Richard Wyatt, 
citizen of London, and owner of Hall Place, Shackle- 
ford. This has a wonderful row of chimneys, very 
irregular in outline, at the back, and in the centre is 
the chapel, in which are some curious details. 135 

A small stone and brick cottage on the road leading 
to Binscombe 135a has a good chimney and a brick 
hood-moulding over its windows. 

HURTMORE (Hormera, xi cent. ; Hertmere, xiii 
cent. ; Hurtmere, xiv cent.), also a tithing in God- 
aiming, was held before the Conquest by Alwin. In 




GoDALMING CHURCH FROM THE EAST 



1086 Tezelin held it of Walter Fitz Other, founder of 
the Windsor family, 136 in which the overlordship was 
still vested in I54I. 137 The under tenant in 1166 
was Philip of Hurtmore, 13 ' and in January 1 199-1200 
William of Hurtmore released his claim in land in 
Hurtmore to Thomas son of Philip in considera- 
tion of a life annuity. 139 Thomas of Hurtmore 
held a fee in Hurtmore." A Thomas of Hurt- 
more granted the manor to the Priory of Newark, 
Surrey, in I259, 1 " and about twenty years afterwards 
the prior granted to Mary Norries and her grandson 
Robert common of pasture in ' Quachet ' and land 
called ' Lyth,' formerly the demesne of Thomas of 
Hurtmore."' The prior leased 
the manor from time to time, for 
in 1527 Henry Tanner obtained 
a lease of it for forty years, 143 
and in 1535 the farm of the 
manor was 4 131. \d. lu On 
the surrender of the priory in 
1538 Hurtmore was taken into 
the hands of the king, who in 
April 1 542 gave it with other 
lands to Andrew Lord Windsor 
in part exchange for the manor of 
Stanwell. 1 " The latter's son Wil- 
liam succeeded to his estates in 
the following March, 146 and his 
son and heir Edward Lord Wind- 
sor sold the manor to Eustace 
Moone of Farnham in I564-5- 147 
Edmund Moone, son of Eustace, 
sold Hurtmore to Francis Clarke 
in I59O. 148 He was resident in 
1592."' In 1595 he conveyed 
it to his son John Clarke and his 
wife Mary. Their children were 
baptized at Godalming 1596 
1 60 1. 

In 1606 John Clarke sold it to 
Sir Edward More of Odiham. 150 
For some reason he obtained a 
grant of it from the Crown in 
i6i5, 1M probably on account of 
recusancy. By his will he directed 
that his daughter and her husband 
Sir William Staunton, recusant 
convict, 151 should have the house 
free of rent for life. 

He died in 1623, having set- 
tled Hurtmore on his infant 
grandson Edward More. 153 The 
latter was dealing with Hurtmore 



185 There are excellent photographs of 
the front and back in Old Cottages and 
Farmhouses in Surr. B. T. Batsford, 1908. 
The will of Richard Wyatt and other 
ancient documents relating to the alms- 
houses are printed in Surr. Arch. CM. iii, 

277- 

185a Illustrated in Mr. Ralph Nevill's 
Old Cottage and Domestic Architecture of 
South-tvcst Surrey. 

" V.C.H. Surr. i, 3230. 

W When they exchanged it with the 
king, in whom the overlordship was after- 
wards vested; see below. Chan. Inq. p.m. 
10 Ric. II, no. 46 ; ibid. 22 Ric. II, no. 
52 ; ibid. 9 Hen. V, no. 45 ; ibid. 17 
Hen. VI, no. 36. 

k. of Exch. 315. 



139 Feet of F. Surr. i John, 6 ; Pipe R. 
2 John, m. 15 d. 

140 Testa dt Nevill (Rec. Com.), 221. 

141 Feet of F. Surr. 43 Hen. Ill, 28. 
For an inspiximus of this gift see Dugdale, 
Man. yi, 384. 

141 Cal. ofAnct. D. iii, 284. Thomas 
of Hurtmore had granted Robert Norries 
land in Southcroft in Hurtmore ; ibid, iii, 
279, 283. 

I4B Mins. Accts. Surr. 31 & 32 Hen. 
VIII, no. 146. 

" Valor Eccl. (Rec. Com.), ii, 33. 

14S D. of Purchase and Exchange (Aug. 
Off.), 33 Hen. VIII, C. 22. Strangely 
enough Stanwell was the caput of the 
barony of Windsor of which Hurtmore was 
held. The exchange is said to have been 

34 



forced upon Lord Windsor by Henry VIII. 
See Dugdale, Baronage, ii, 307-8. In 165 1 
the fee-farm rent due from the manor to 
the Crown was sold by the trustees of the 
Crown lands to John Johns, a merchant of 
London ; Close, 1651, pt. ix, no. 23. 

146 Chan. Inq. p.m. (Ser. 2), Ixviii, 28. 

"7 Pat. 7 Eliz. pt i ; Chan. Inq. p.m. 
(Ser. 2), cciiv, 236. 

148 Feet of F. Surr. East. 32 Eliz. ; 
Recov. R. Trin. 32 Eliz. 

" Godalming Ct. R. (view of frank- 
pledge), n Oct. 34 Eliz. 

160 Close, 4 Jas. I, pt. xxxiii, modern ref. 
no. 1870. 

151 Pat. 13 Jas. I, pt. xv, no. 2. 

lsa Subs. R. 4 Chas. I, bdle. 186, no. 439. 

158 Chan. Inq. p.m. (Ser. 2), cccxc.ix, 155. 



GODALMING HUNDRED 



GODALM1NG 



in 1643,'" and again in 1657.'" His two children 
died in infancy. 145 In 1679 Isabel More, spinster, 
was in possession of the manor and sold it to Ralph 
Lee, executor to Simon Bennett of Calverton, 1 " 
whose daughters, Frances wife of James fourth Earl 
of Salisbury 148 and Grace wife of John Bennett, held 
it in moiety. The fifth Earl of Salisbury had the 
remainder of Grace Bennett's share." 9 

James first Marquis of Salisbury sold Hurtmore in 
1786 to John Richardson of Shackleford, 160 whose 
heir, John Aldborough Richardson, was in possession 
in 1804."" 

In 1814 he and his wife sold Hurtmore to William 
Keen. William Keen sold in 1828 to James Henry 
Frankland and Mary his wife of Bashing. Mr. 
Frankland died in 1859. His son Major Frankland 
took the name of Gill, and died unmarried in 1866. 
Hurtmore passed to his sister, Mrs. Sumner, and from 
her to her niece, Miss Kerr. 161 

Though the conveyance of Hurtmore in 1598 
ascribes a court leet to it, 163 and though it is spoken 
of as a manor, it is doubtful if it really was such. 
No court baron can be traced, and the assertion 
about view of frankpledge in a court leet is un- 
true. The Hurtmore people answered at the Godal- 
ming hundred court for view of frankpledge except 
a few who appeared at Compton. Trespasses, &c., in 
Hurtmore are continually noticed in the Godalming 
courts. 

One mill is mentioned in the Domesday Survey 
of the manor, 164 and mention is made of mills in 
Thomas of Hurtmore's grant to Newark Priory. 1 * 4 

T4TLORS was held by Nicholas Taillard in 
I486-7. 168 He conveyed it to Foisted and others, 
trustees, who enfeoffed Tho- 
mas Purvoch. His son Tho- 
mas Purvoch enfeofFed Arnold 
Champion as purchaser or 
trustee. 167 Thomas Purvoch 
junior had a daughter Anne 
who married Lawrence Raw- 
sterne. It passed from him to 
Richard Compton, 168 who had 
married Agnes daughter of 
Arnold Champion. 169 Richard's 
son Thomas brought a suit in 
1574 against Henry Hooke, 
who, having married Agnes 

widow of Richard Compton, entered upon the 'manor 
of Taylors,' which was settled on her for life, and 
spoiled the woods and suffered the manor-house to 
decay. 170 Thomas Compton left it to his nephew 
John Compton in 1 606. irl This Sir John Compton 
died seised in 1653. His grandson and heir was Comp- 





TAILLARD. Quarterly 
argent and table a troti 
paty countercolourtd. 



ton Tichborne. 17 * He died and left it to his cousin 
Sir Henry Tichborne, bart., who held it in 1 658,"' 
and Sir Henry Joseph Tichborne was in possession in 
i6 95 . 17 ' 

In 1696 it was conveyed to John Yalden. 174 
Edmund Yalden his grandson died in 1814 (aged 89) 




r \AAAAf 



UlAAAA 
UJAJJAA 
VA.A.A/ 



COMPTON of Godal- 
ming. Ermine a bend 
sable with three helms 
or thereon. 



TICHBORNE. Valr a 

chief or. 



holding Taylors, 17 ' and left it to Edmund Woods his 
sister's son. 177 He died 1833 and it passed to his 
daughter Katherine. It was sold to the Marshall 
family, to whom it still belongs. 

f.AN'N (Fenne, xii and xiii cents. ; Fanne, xiv 
and xv cents.), on the borders of Hambledon and 
Chiddingfold, was really a tithing, 178 but was called 
a manor later. It is mentioned in a conveyance of 
1198-9, when Emma, widow of William of Vann, 
released land there to William of Vann. 179 In 1232 
Walter of Vann witnessed a grant of land in Arling- 
ton, 1 " while Laurence of Yately and his wife Isabel 
granted lands in Godalming and Vann to Thomas of 
Vann in I279. lsl Thomas atte Vann conveyed Vann 
to Robert atte Vann and his brother Walter in con- 
sideration of a life-rent in I324. 18 * It was held of 
William atte Vann in 1332, Henry Hussey being the 
tenant. 183 Tenants and tithingmen at Vann occur 
often in the Godalming Hundred Court. In 1371 
Walter Webbele surrendered the tenement of William 
Piperham to Walter atte Vann and his heir. This 
was Piperham in Haslemere, which subsequently was 
conveyed as a separate parcel, with the manor of 
Vann. 184 

Walter atte Vann was subsequently in debt. In 1412 
John Loxley for ' le Fanne' and Thomas atte Vann pay 
6d. for leave of absence from the hundred court. 184 
In 1448 Bernard Jenyn or Jenings was summoned to 
the court 186 to do fealty, probably for Vann, for 
in 1476 John Hill and John Mellersh, probably 
trustees, enfeoffed Bernard Jenings of ' land in the 
manor of Vann ' in tail male. John son of Bernard 
succeeded to it at his father's death, 187 and his son 



1H Recov. R. Mich. 19 Chas. I, m. 9. 

1M Notei of F. SUIT. Trin. 1657. 

156 Godalming Par. Reg. 

"' Feet of F. Div. Co. Trin. 31 
Chns. II ; and will of Simon Bennett, 
Cottle, 127. He left each of his daughters 
20,000. Hurtmore is not mentioned. 

158 Close, 31 Ceo. HI, pt. iii, no. 7. 

** Deed of 23 Nov. 1725, produced in 
ale of 1828. 

IM Cloe, 27 Geo. Ill, pt. i, no. 18. 

181 Manning and Bray, op. cit. i, 626. 

162 Private and local inform. 

168 Cloie, 38 Eliz. pt. v j Recov. R. 
Mich. 22 (Ceo. Ill, m. 418. 

lM r.C,fi.Surr. i, 323^. 




185 Feet of F. SUIT. 43 Hen. Ill, 28. 
166 Godalming Rental at Loseley. 
187 Esch. Inq. p.m. 67 Hen. VIII, file 
1070. 

188 Misc. Bks. (Land Rev.), vol. 190, 
fol. 223. 

189 Berry, Hantt Gen. 328. 

170 Chan. Proc. C.c. 15 Eliz. 51. 

171 P.C.C. Will (Stafforde, 33). 

173 Godalming court baron 30 Sept. 
1653. 

178 Recov. R. Mich. 1658, m. 108. 
""Close, 7 Will. Ill, pt. iv, no. 10. 

174 Feet of F. Surr. Mich. 8 Will. III. 
178 Godalming Ct. R. 26 Oct. 1814. 
'"Ibid. 

35 



178 Godalmidg view of frankpledge, 17 
Edw. Ill, &c. 

W Feet of F. Surr. 10 Ric. I, 39. 
*> Cal. of Chart. R. i, 366. 

181 Feet of F. Surr. 7 Edw. I, 17. They 
were to be held of Isabel and her heirs. 

182 Feet of F. Surr. 1 8 Edw. II, 14. 

" Chan. Inq. p.m. 6 Edw. Ill (ist 
nos.), no. 66. See also ibid. 23 Edw. Ill, 
pt. i, 77. 

184 Godalming Hund. Ct. 2 Oct. 45 
Edw. III. is Ibid. 10 Nov. 1412. 

Ibid. 1 8 Apr. 26 Hen. VI. He 
married Elizabeth daughter of John Loxley 
(sec Braboeuf). 

187 Chan. Proc. Ser. 2), Uxxiii, 20. 



A HISTORY OF SURREY 



Nicholas is said to have settled the manor on his wife 
Margaret for life, with remainder to their son Bernard. 

Margaret's third husband, Henry Mannock, held in 
right of his wife in 1 548.'" He died in 1 563, having 
quarrelled with his wife, to whom he left nothing in 
his will. 159 

In 1564 Margaret brought a suit against Ralph, 
great-nephew of John Jenings, who had entered upon 
the manor after the death of Bernard. 190 Ralph 
Jenings held it, 191 and was succeeded by his son 
Thomas, who sold it to Thomas Cowper in 1590.'" 
Thomas Cowper's brother and heir Martin sued for 
the lands as part of his inheritance, 191 and released his 
claim to John Hollinshed and Richard Sheppard in 
1597."* 

In 1 608 they conveyed it to the Vintners' Company 
for the use of Mary Clarke wife of John Clarke of 
Battle in Sussex, and her son Francis and her other 

* 194 

sons in succession. 

John Clarke, the third son, parted with it to Wil- 
liam Byerley in l635, 196 but apparently the purchase 
money was not all paid, 197 and it reverted to his son 
Mark, and afterwards to his son Antony, who was in 
possession in 1665,'^ and in 1689 sold to John Childe 1M 
the manor of Vann and a parcel of land called Pepper- 
hams. John Childe died 1 70 1 , and was succeeded by his 
son John. 100 He sold to John Greenhill in 1722.*" 
In 1734 it was entailed on Peter, son of Sir Peter 
and Sarah Anna Myers, and Sarah his wife, daughter 
of John Curryer. The latter in her widowhood 
settled it* * in 17589 on her daughter Sarah, wife 
of Thomas Geldart, but her son Peter Myers was 
treated as tenant in a court of 1 762 as a defaulter. 
The Geldarts are said in a court of 1789 to have 
obtained Vann from Peter Myers. In 1822 Richard 
Smyth of Burgate died holding the manor, 10 * and it 
was in the Smyth family for some time later. There 
is no record of any court in the reputed manor. 

The reputed manor of WESTBROOK lies to the 
west of the town. From an undated customary of 
Godalming of the early part of the reign of Edward III, 
of which a 1 6th or 1 7th-century copy exists at Loseley, 
it appears that there was a Richard de Westbrook hold- 
ing land in Godalming ; by the marginal notes on 
the copy this seems to be the same land that was after- 
wards held by Thomas Hull, owner of Westbrook. 
The conditions of tenure are plainly servile in origin, 
including carriage of harvest and serving as reeve with 
food allowance. In 1334 a Robert Westbrook and 
his wife Bona were enfeoffed of land in Godalming,* * 




WISTBROOK of God- 
aiming. Gules a fleur- 
de-lis coming out of a 
leopard's head or. 



but whether of what was afterwards called Westbrook 
is not clear. Westbrooks occur frequently in the God- 
aiming courts. They held Prestwick in Chiddingfold 
soon after i327,* M and Asshtede,* 06 which afterwards 
both belonged to the West- 
brooks of Westbrook, but 
there is no evidence of their 
holding Westbrook. It was 
probably a holding in Godal- 
ming named from them. The 
original ' Westbroke ' was per- 
haps that in Hampshire. There 
were members of the family 
about the neighbourhood, and 
they were rising in the world. 
A John Westbrook acquired 
the Strode moiety of Loseley 
in or before 1481. 

According to Symmes, Wil- 
liam Westbrook was buried at Godalming in 1437, 
and Thomas Westbrook in 1493 ; both holders of 
the manor.* 07 It appears from a rental at Loseley 
that John Westbrook held Westbrook in 1486. John 
Westbrook sold his moiety of Loseley Manor in 
I5o8.* 8 He died in 1513-14 and was buried in 
Godalming Church.* 09 William Westbrook died in 
1537. His widow Margaret resided at Westbrook, 
and after her death the manor descended to the heirs 
of his sisters Florence Scarlet and Elizabeth Hull.* 10 

Thomas Hull and John Scarlet a minor were hold- 
ing Westbrook in moieties in 1547.'" John Scarlet's 
portion seems to have passed to William Morgan, who 
sold it to Thomas Hull about the year 1576.*" He 
was thus seised of the whole of Westbrook. A 
Thomas Hull and his wife Florence were dealing 
with it in 1600, and again in 1622."* Their son 
Thomas Hull was an ardent Royalist," 4 who suffered 
sequestration in April 1649 for lending money to 
maintain the war against Parliament." 5 He was 
obliged to compound, and in 1656 sold Westbrook 
to John Platt, clerk of West Horsley," 6 who after- 
wards held weekly conventicles at his house in Godal- 
ming," 7 and died in 1670. His son John, who was 
knighted in 1672, was raising money on the manor 
in 1674,"' and is said to have built Westbrook 
Place." 9 In 1688 the manor was sold to Sir 
Theophilus Oglethorpe, kt.,** who sat in Parlia- 
ment for Haslemere from 1698 till 1701.*" His 
eldest son Louis was killed at Schellenberg in 1704. 
The next son, Theophilus, who also represented 



18B Survey of manor of Godalming, 13 
Edw. VI i Land. Rev. Misc. Surv. vol. 
190, p. 248, etc. 

185 P.C.C. Wills (Stephenson, 47). 

190 Chan. Proc. (Ser. 2), Ixxxiii, 20. 

191 Chan. Inq. p.m. (Ser. 2), clxii, 
146. 

1M Feet of F. Surr. Trin. 32 Eliz. ; 
Recov. R. Trin. 32 Eliz. m. 22. 

19a Chan. Proc. Eliz. C.c. xiii, 5 9 ; 
ibid. C.c. xiv, 41. 

191 Com. Plea D. Enr. Trin. 39 Eliz. 
en. 9. 

195 Close, 6 Jas. I, pt. xi, no. II. 

196 Close, 12 Chas. I, pt. xxvi, 25 j 13 
Chas. I, xxv, 8. 

W Will of John Clarke, P.C.C. 2 June 
1637 (Goare, 99). 

198 B.M. Add. MS. 6167, fol. 168. 

199 Feet of F. Surr. Mich. I Will, and 
Mary. 



800 Godalming Ct. R. 17 Oct. 1701. 

801 Recov. R. Hil. 9 Geo. I, Vann, Win- 
tershull and High Loxley. 

808 Close, 32 Geo. II, pt. i, no. 8 ; cf. 
Feet of F. Surr. East. 32 Geo. II. 
* Will 

804 Feet of F. Surr. 7 Edw. Ill, 29. 
It consisted of a messuage, a carucate of 
land, and 131. S,/. rent. 

805 Deed Rev. T. S. Cooper. 

806 Godalming R. 1384. 

107 Inscriptions quoted by Symmes, Add. 
MS. (B.M.), 6167, fol. 167. It is prob- 
able that Symmes confused 1437 and 
1537 ; the date of Thomas Westbrook is 
doubtful. 

808 Add. Chart. (B.M.), I3SS7- 

809 Where there is an altar-tomb in his 
memory. See Surr. Arch. Sue. Proc. vii, 
279. Ralph Nevill, F.S.A., Notts on the 
Restoration of Godalming Ch. 

36 



See V.C.H. Surr. ii, 592, under 
Compton Hall. 

811 Misc. Bks. (Exch. T.R.), clxix, 223. 

818 Close, 20 Eliz. pt. xx ; Feet of F. 
Surr. Mich. 18-19 Eliz - 

811 Feet of F. Surr. East. 42 Eliz. ; ibid. 
Trin. 20 Jas. I. 

814 He had an elder brother Humphrey 
who died without issue. 

815 Cal. of Com. for Compounding, iit,20 1 8. 
818 Close, 1656, pt. xxxi, no. 20. 

417 A. R. Bax, Conventicles in Surr.' 
Surr. Arch. Coll. xiii, 159. 

tt8 Feet of F. Surr. East. 26 Chas. II. 

*** Aubrey, Nat. Hist, and Aniij. of 
Surr. iv, 17. 

880 Before 1690, for in March of that 
year Lady Oglcthorpe had a pass to go to 
her house near Godalming ; Cal. S.P. 
Dom. 1689-90, p. 512. 

881 Diet. Nat. Biog. xlii, 50. 



GODALMING HUNDRED 



GODALMING 




Haslemere, and died at the Jacobite court of St. Ger- 
mains about 1728, was dealing with the manor in 
1727.'" His younger brother, General James Ed- 
ward Oglethorpe, the great philanthropist and founder 
of Georgia, next came into 
possession. In spite of his fre- 
quent absences from England, 
he was five times elected mem- 
ber of parliament for Hasle- 
mere. After his final return 
from Georgia he was made a 
general in the English army 
and served under the Duke of 
Cumberland in the rebellion 
of 1745. He died in 1785, 
having left the manor by will 
to his widow, who devised it 
to be sold for the general's 

great-nephew, the Marquis of Bellegarde." 5 It was 
bought in 1788 by Christopher Hodges, who sold it 
in 1790 to Nathaniel Godbold, a quack doctor." 4 
The latter's son of the same name was living there in 
1824 and died 1834."' In 1844 part of the estate 
was sold to the Direct London and Portsmouth Rail- 
way Company ; m and the house, after being occupied 
only for short terms, became the Meath Home for 
Epileptics in 1892. Mr. G. J. Hull bought the 
house, part of the estate, and the manor. The manor 
is now held by Mr. H. Thackeray Turner. 

A quit-rent of lot. 6d. was payable from West- 
brook to the lord of Godalming manor, of whom 
it was held. 



OGLITHOHFI. Argent 
a Jftse dancetty between 
three boars* heads sable. 



Near Westbrook are the town mill and a tanning 
mill. 

In the roll of a leet-court held at Godalming in 
1483 mention is made of ' Westbrokesmyll." 87 Two 
fulling mills were'sold with the manor in 1624, 1647, 
and 1 727."" 

Binscombe, about I \ miles from Westbrook, seems 
to have been closely connected with that manor. 
' Bedelescombe ' and Farncombe sometimes sent two 
tithingmen between them, sometimes one each 
separately, to the hundred court of Godalming. TO A 
list of tenants of Westbrook Manor at Loseley (circa 
1670) contains some names in Binscombe, and it is 
called sometimes a manor, but always in connexion 
with Westbrook. The existing houses are the pro- 
perty of Mrs. More-Molyneux McCowan, owner of 
Loseley. There is a Friends' burial ground dating 
from the 1 7th century. This is now no longer used. 
The church of ST. PETER 4ND 
CHURCHES ST. PAUL is charmingly situated in 
the meadows close to the River Wey, 
set in a large and prettily kept churchyard. 

It is built of Bargate stone rubble, originally of a 
bright yellow colour, and of hard texture. The 
dressings in the earliest periods were executed in the 
same stone, but from the end of the 1 2th century 
clunch or hard chalk was employed for wrought work 
in the successive enlargements, Bath stone being used 
in the 19th-century additions. The roofs are tiled 
and the lofty spire is covered with lead a valuable 
example of this treatment. 

In its present form the church has been considerably 



A -Windows of 11OO - 2o 
B- c.i2oo 



IP t go 30 40 j 




GODALMING CHURCH : GROUND PLAN 



m Recov. R. Trin. 13 Geo. I, m. 
271. 

815 Gent. Mag. Ivii, 1025. 

114 Manning and Bray, op. cit. i, 
III. 



" Gent. Mag. itciv, 120 ; Feet of F. ibid. Mich. 23 Chas. I, m. 46; ibid. 
Surr. Eait. 57 Geo. III. Trin. 13 Geo. I, m. 261. 

*> Brayley, op. cit. v, 214. m Add. R. (B.M.), 26892 ; ibid. 

*> Add. R. (B.M.), 26892. 1355 i and Rolli at Loseley, paitim. 

08 Recov. R. Trin. 22 Jat. I, m. 35 ; 

37 



A HISTORY OF SURREY 



extended laterally and to the westward, the north 
transept has been prolonged, and the north chancel 
rebuilt on a larger plan, all within the 1 9th century 
in 1840 and 1879. It consists therefore now of nave, 
68 ft. 9 in. by 20 ft. 6 in. at the east end and 

1 9 ft. 5 in. at the west end ; aisles of different lengths, 

20 ft. wide; transepts about 12 ft. 3 in. wide and 
originally 14 ft. 9 in. long ; central tower 16 ft. 6 in. 
square ; chancel 40 ft. 5 in. long by 1 7 ft. 3 in. ; 
and north and south chancel aisles, respectively 
35 ft. 6 in. by 14 ft. 9 in. and 34 ft. 6 in. by 16 ft. 

We owe it to Mr. Ralph Nevill, F.S.A.' 80 (who, 
with the late Sir Gilbert Scott, carried out the last 
enlargements), and later to the painstaking and acute 
observation of Mr. S. Welman," 1 that a very complete 
architectural history of the building can be put 
together. Probably there are at least twelve periods 
of work to be traced in the walls of the present church. 
The nucleus around which it has grown lies in the 
centre, the eastern half of the nave representing the 
simple aisleless nave of the pre-Conquest church, and 
the central tower its short, square chancel. This 
would give a nave of about 32 ft. by 20 ft. ; the chancel, 
which had an inclination towards the north, being 
1 6 ft. 6 in. wide and in length originally about a 
foot longer. This Saxon church had walls averaging 
3 ft. in thickness, and disproportionately lofty about 
25 ft. as was commonly the case in work of this 
period. Until 1879 the original chancel arch, a 
plain circular-headed opening about 10 ft. wide, of 
one order, with plain chamfered imposts, remained 
as the western arch of the present central tower ; 
but, against the wish of Mr. Nevill, this interesting 
feature was then removed, and a wide and lofty 
pointed opening put in its place. The outline of the 
gable wall above this arch (upon which the west wall 
of the tower had been subsequently raised), together 
with the drip-stone or weathering of the pre-Conquest 
chancel which abutted against its eastern face, was 
noted by Mr. Nevill, and their true relationship to 
the earliest structure finally established by Mr. Wei- 
man's subsequent discovery of two curious eyelet holes 
in the apex of this eastern gable of the nave. These 
are double-splayed, their narrowest diameter being in 
the heart of the wall, but the internal splay was pro- 
tracted downward on the western face to throw the 
light in that direction. Doubtless they lit a roof- 
chamber over the nave. 

About the year 1 100 the primitive church received 
its first enlargement, in the form of a long chancel 
(about 33 ft. 3 in. by 17 ft. 3 in.), a low tower being 
raised upon the gabled walls of the original chancel, 
and the eastern wall thickened by about a foot on the 
western side, an arch of two plain orders, with cham- 
fered imposts, being pierced through it. This arch 
still exists, but in 1 8 79 it was lifted up on higher 
piers, the old imposts being left in position and new 
added to mark the increased height. Earlier altera- 
tions had brought to light the remains of six of 



the windows of this period, three in either side 
wall of the chancel (lettered A on the plan), and the 
base and part of the jamb of a priest's door at the 
west end of the south wall : the east wall of this 
chancel no longer exists, having been pulled down 
and rebuilt farther eastward in the I4th century."* 
There are traces of flat pilaster buttresses having been 
added to strengthen the junction between the first and 
second period work. This chancel also inclines to 
the north. 

About 1 1 20 (third period) narrow transepts were 
added, some of the windows of which can also be 
traced, arches were pierced in the hitherto solid north 
and south walls of what had been the first chancel 
now the central tower and the latter was heightened 
by an additional stage, which still retains in each 
face the two round-headed openings that were then 
formed, with a string-course of rounded section below 
them. A small door of this period has been pre- 
served in the rebuilt end of the north transept. 

In the last ten years of the 1 2th century, but perhaps 
not quite at one and the same time, aisles were added 
to the nave, two lofty pointed arches being pierced 
in either wall, and smaller ones in the west walls of 
the transepts. This may be called the fourth period. 
At about the same date, but perhaps slightly earlier, 
the arches to the transepts from the central tower 
were altered to a pointed form, and perhaps widened. 

In the fifth period, c. 1 200, the chancel aisles, or 
north and south chancels, were thrown out, their 
arcades being pierced through the second-period walls, 
leaving the original windows largely intact, but blocked 
up. These chapels were lit by tall narrow lancets, 
the south chapel having five in its southern wall 
and three in its eastern, parts of which still remain 
(lettered B on plan), although displaced by later 
insertions."* 

For some reason this displacement began very soon, 
for in about 1250 the curious grouped lancets, with 
acutely pointed heads and inner-plane arcade, in the 
south wall, took the place of two of the single lancets : 
and in I 270 an early essay in bar tracery was inserted 
in the east wall of the same chapel. This is of five 
lights, the central wider and taller than the others, 
with three circles above, having cinquefoil cusping on 
a recessed plane, and the whole united by a pointed 
inclosing arch and hood moulding. At some time 
between 1 200 and 1300 the first spire, lower than the 
present, and covered with oak shingles, replaced the 
original squat cap of the 1 2th century. 2 " 

Period eight the 1 4th century produced fur- 
ther changes, in the shape of the blocking up of 
the plain lancets in the western part of this south 
chapel, and the insertion of square-headed three-light 
windows with cusped ogee tracery, this type of win- 
dow being inserted also in the transepts and nave 
aisles, and probably in the north chancel aisle. At 
the same time the chancel was extended about 4 ft. 
eastward, a large five-light window and diagonal 



"" Vide Mr. Ralph Nevill'i account of 
discovcrk-s made in 1879, in Surr. Arch. 
Coll. vii, 277 . 

a* 1 S. Welman, The Parhb and Church 
of Godalmmy. 

Ma The angle stone of the original 
foundation of the earliest eat wall may 
be seen outside, where the south chantry 
abuts on the chancel. 

" Mr. Welman points out that Richard 



de Chiddingfold, vicar, instituted by Sav- 
aric Archdeacon of Northampton and 
Treasurer of Salisbury, in or about 1200, 
probably engineered the work of this period. 
The sections of mouldings closely corre- 
spond to those of the same date at Chidding- 
fold Church. 

" 4 It is not easy to determine the date 
of the parapet which at one time crowned 

38 



the tower and inclosed the base of the 
spire. Its corbels, which alone remain, 
are of various patterns and of more than 
one date : and such parapets on corbel- 
tables were not uncommon in 1 2th -century 
towers, as at Witley, hard by, and at 
Clymping and Yapton, Susser. Most 
probably this parapet dates from the erec- 
tion of the first spire. 



GODALMING HUNDRED 



GODALMING 



buttresses accompanying the rebuilding. In this 
period the first timber spire probably gave place to 
the much loftier one of oak covered with lead, which 
remains substantially as then reconstructed, save for 
the later addition of broaches at the angles when the 
parapet wall was removed. 

To the ninth period the ijth century belong 
the extension westward of one bay of the nave and 
aisles, a window in the north wall of the north tran- 
sept, a corresponding one in the south transept, and 
others which have been destroyed or shifted within 
recent times. 

In the end of the I5th or beginning of the 1 6th 
century the roof of the nave was ceiled with panel- 
ling, the south chapel roof reconstructed, and a large 
doorway, having a four-centred arch within a square 
frame, was inserted in the west end of the church. 
This in 1840 was removed to its present position 
beneath the tracery window in the east wall of the 
south chapel. During the iyth and i8th centuries a 
western gallery and other galleries were erected ; the 
south aisle walls were raised to provide the necessary 
height, and re-roofed with a span roof. Wooden 
frame windows were inserted in several places, and 
dormers made to light the north aisle. 

In 1840, after the church had passed through the 
usual stages of neglect, disfigurement, and mutilation 
that characterized the 1 7th, 1 8th, and early igth 
centuries, a severe ' restoration ' swept away not only 
abuses, but many valuable ancient features. Most of 
the work of 1 879 was of the nature of a true archaeo- 
logical restoration, in which much of the bad work 



of 1840 was undone and many valuable ancient 
features were brought to light. 

The windows and doors of the nave and aisles and 
north chantry belong for the most part to 1840 and 
1879, including that in the east wall of the north 
chantry, but the east window dates from 1859. The 
stair turret on the north side is also modern. 

Some points of detail in the interior of the church 
have now to be considered. 

On the window sills of the south chapel are carved 
fragments, in a very hard shelly limestone, of pre-Con- 
quest date. Two seem to have formed the rims of 
a circular basin or basins, but they are hardly large 
enough to have served for a font, as has been suggested, 
nor does the shape at all suggest such a use. The 
total diameter of the two halves is only I ft. yjin. 
by 6J in. in height and 3$ in. thickness. The 
upright face is ornamented with four horses' heads, 
separating alternate designs of interlaced work and a 
running scroll, such as are found in the pre-Conquest 
arch at Britford Church, near Salisbury. A third 
fragment, with a basket-work pattern, may have been 
part of the block on which this basin stood ; and two 
others with a scroll-pattern and figures, much defaced, 
suggest the stem of a churchyard cross. Some of 
these were found built into the walls, notably in the 
west arch of the tower, i.e. the chancel arch of the 
pre-Conquest church, suggesting that they had formed 
part of some building of even older date. 

Next in interest and date to these are the remains 
of the priest's door and six windows of c. noo in 
the chancel walls. The windows have splays running 



g C fo 



'Prc-Concjuesir' f 





P.tf, Johnston 



A HISTORY OF SURREY 



out to a narrow chamfered edge, without rebate or 
groove for glazing. The rough plaster of the splays 
is cut into patterns round the circular internal head, 
such as zigzag, fret, and saw-tooth ; Ki and both on the 
plastering and stonework are painted well-preserved 
coeval patterns in red and white. The somewhat 
later transept windows are not so ornamented. In 
the south wall of the south transept is a 1 2th-century 
piscina and the remains of what may have been 
sedilia. 

In the west wall of the south transept is the arch 
of 1 1 90, with characteristic mouldings and a slightly 




PAINTED DECORATION IN GODALMING CHURCH 

incised cheveron ornament on the bell of one of its 
capitals. The two eastern arches of the north and 
louth nave arcades are set upon unusually lofty piers, 
those on the south being circular, while the north are 
octagonal, an alteration of later, date. The north and 
south arches of the tower are perfectly plain, and 
possibly a little earlier. 

The nave roof is ancient the eastern part perhaps 
even of I 3th-century date but the flat panelled ceil- 
ing added in the reign of Henry VII was in 1 840 turned 
into one of canted shape ; the old painted shields, 
bearing local and other coats of arms, which were 
fixed at the ir tersection of the ribs of the panel- 
ling, were preserved and re-used in the new work. 
Similar wooden shields, displaying general and local 
heraldry, initials of benefactors, &c., existed up to the 
same date in the south chantry and the adjoining 
transept. In both transepts, in the south chapel, 
and in the main chancel, are ancient roofs, parts of 
which may be as old as the I 2th or 1 3th century, 
but with considerable reconstruction at different dates. 
The south chapel roof has somewhat elaborate mould- 
ings on many of its timbers, of very much later date. 
This roof was always a span roof ; but that of the 
north chapel, prior to 1 840, when the extension took 
place, was a lean-to, as was also that of the north 
aisle of the nave. 



Among smaller features may be noted the early 
14th-century sedilia, piscina, and aumbry in the south 
wall of the chancel; the early 13th-century piscina 
and aumbry in the north chapel ; and the unusually 
large double piscina, with two aumbries over, in the 
south chapel of the same date. The two piscinae are 
divided by a small octagonal shaft with cap and base. 
Beneath these is an altar-tomb of marble on chalk 
and brick base, 236 and a disused font also of late charac- 
ter and quite plain. 

In the same south chapel, on the partly unblocked 
splays of the destroyed lancets, are some very valuable 
and well-preserved fragments of painting, coeval with 
the lancets themselves (c. 1200). These, which are 
somewhat elaborately executed in several colours, show 
figures of about life-size within trefoil-headed canopies. 
On the east splay of the easternmost lancet on the 
south side St. John the Baptist is shown, with hairy 
mantle, and bearing a disc on which is the Agnus 
Dei. Having been covered up from about half a 
century after the date of execution until 1879, these 
paintings are exceptionally well preserved. It is said 
that in 1 840 many others, on the general wall surfaces, 
were uncovered only to be destroyed. 

Aubrey mentions one or two coats of arms in the 
glazing of the chancel and south chantry windows, in- 
cluding those of England and France, but these no 
longer exist. There is a part of a lion, or, in the 
east window of the south chancel, and a rose with 
diamond quarters in the north transept. 

A very large and solid oak chest, of the same date 
as the chantry, 5 ft. 7 in. by I ft. 9^ in. and 2 ft. 4 in. 
high, has lately been placed here. It belongs to the 
pin-hinge group of the 1 3th century, and has a 
pierced quadrant to the standards, and a money- 
hutch inside with a secret well below. 137 A good 
oak railing, which formerly fenced three sides of the 
sacrarium, was removed in 1867, and parts of it 
used as stair balusters in a house known as the 
' Square.' 

The pulpit is Elizabethan. There are two com- 
munion tables ; one of Elizabethan or Jacobean date, 
which formerly had extending leaves, now stands in 
the north chancel, cruelly mangled to suit modern 
taste, and concealed by upholstery ; the other, a good 
but more modern table, has now been placed in the 
vestry. 

Besides the altar tomb above mentioned, there are 
no monuments of importance,* 373 and, what is rather 
surprising in a church of this size and antiquity, prac- 
tically none of pre-Reformation date. In the chancel 
are brasses to Thomas Purvoch and wife, 1 509, and 
John Barker,! 595, in armour; and there are slabs, some 
with brass plates, escutcheons, and carved armorial 
bearings. The inscriptions to Thomas and Isabella 
Westbrook no longer exist, but the old family of the 
Eliots of Busbridge are largely represented : and on 
the south side of the chancel is an alabaster and black 
marble tablet, with a kneeling figure, to Judith Eliot, 
wife of William Eliot, 1615. The inscription is of 



^ Similar to the cut plaster edges at 
Compton Church in this neighbour- 
hood. 

988 To John Westbrook 'Squyer' and 
Elizabeth his wife, as recorded in Manning 
and Bray's Surrey : the brass inscription strip 
and coats of arms are now missing, as is 
also a monument to William Westbrook 



of the same family (to whom the south 
chantry belonged), dated 1437, according 
to Symmes's MS. The inscription, quoted 
in Mr. Welman's book, reads like one of 
a century later, and describes the deceased 
as ' Catholike of Faith.' Vidt sufra, note 
207. 

"'This chest closely resembles others 

40 



of the same date and class at Rogate and 
Bosham churches, Sussex ; all described 
and illustrated in the Arch. Journ. Ixiv, 
243 -306, and in Surr. Arch., Coll. xx, 
68-89. 

M ' a This is owing to the fact that the 
lords of the hundred and manor were 
absentees. 



GODALMING HUNDRED 



GODALMING 



the quaintly laudatory style so often met with in 
monuments of this period. 

In the south transept is a tablet to the Rev. Owen 

Manning, Canon of Lincoln, rector of Peper Harow 

and vicar of Godalming for thirty-seven years, joint 

author of Manning and Bray's History of Surrey, who died 

in 1 80 1. He is buried in the churchyard. 

The Registers of Godalming, edited by Mr. H. E. 
Maiden, have been published by the Surrey Parish 
Register Society (vol. ii), and extracts from them in 
a paper on the church by the late Major Heales, 
F.S.A.*" b They commence in 1582, but copies of 
earlier entries are to be found in Symmes's MS. in the 
British Museum, among which is : 

' 1 541, July 7, Sir James Wall, Soul Priest of Godal- 
ming, was buryed.' *" 

The famous Nicholas Andrews, ' Vic. de Godalmyn,' 
has signed each page of vol ii, from March 1636 to 
1642. In the plague-year, 1666, there are many 
entries of deaths due to ' y e great sickness,' which, no 
doubt owing to the proximity of the Portsmouth road, 
must have spread from London with fatal effect. 

Besides more modern pieces, there are patens of 
1685 and 1722 among the church plate, and a fine 
silver alms basin of 1632. 

The bells have all been recast in the 1 8th and igth 
centuries. Prior to 1849 or 1850 there was a unique 
survival (so far as Surrey is concerned) of a sanctus bell, 
hung externally at the base of the south-east side of the 
spire. This now does duty at the cemetery chapel. 
It was cast by Richard Phelps in 1724. 

The church of St. John the Baptist, Busbridge, is 
of Bargate stone with chalk quoins and windows in 
13th-century style. There is a central tower. It was 
consecrated in 1867. 

The church of St. John the Evangelist, Farncombe, 
is of Bargate stone, with a bell-turret but no tower 
or spire, in 13th-century style. It was consecrated 
in 1 849. The Rev. Charles C. R. Dallas, rector 1859- 
80, was as an ensign in the 32nd Foot wounded at 
Quatre Bras. The church was built upon land given 
by the late James More Molyneux which had escheated 
to him as lord of the manor owing to the tenant 
having committed murder. 

The church of St. Mary the Virgin, Shackleford, 
is of Bargate stone in a good 13th-century style, built 
by Sir Gilbert Scott. It is cruciform, with north and 
south aisles divided from the nave by arcades of four 
arches. A central tower and spire were built in 
1865. 

The ancient site of the parish church was Minster 
Field at Tuesley. A chapel dedicated in honour of 
the Virgin Mary was still standing in a ruinous state 
there in 1220, and its memory was preserved by 
celebrations on the Purification, the Vigil of the 
Assumption, and the Nativity of the Virgin. There 
was also a burying-ground there.* 39 After the dis- 



solution of free chapels under Edward VI, the chapel 
in Godalming called Oldminstcr, with a cemetery 
round it, was leased to Laurence Eliot.' 40 The 
foundations of this chapel, which have been un- 
covered in recent years, prove it to have been 
stone-built, with a nave 21 ft. by 14 ft., and a 
chancel 1 1 ft. long, of the same width as the nave, 
and separated from it by a wall with an arch or door 
in it. The nave itself was divided up the centre 
longitudinally by a wall or foundation, and many 
ancient interments were found within this area, the 
skeletons being disposed from east to west. The 
close called ' Chapel Fields ' is mentioned with the 
Eliots' manor of Busbridge in May 1622 ;"' it is close 
to Minster Field. A fair was held on Lady Day at 
the Old Minster as late as the 1 6th century. 

GODALMING RECTORT was a separate fee in 
the time of Edward the Confessor, when Ulmaer held it 
of the king. In 1086 it consisted of a church and three 
hides, and was held of Godalming Manor by Ranulph 
Flambard, who became chief adviser of William II ; 
he also held the church at Tuesley,' and Tuesley 
was parcel of the rectory manor.' 41 Ranulph fled 
from Henry I to Duke Robert of Normandy ; and 
though he was pardoned by Henry in 1 1 o6,' 44 he does 
not appear to have regained entire possession of his lands, 
for a few years later '" the king granted Ranulph's fee in 
Godalming, Tuesley, Enton, and Guildford, together 
with Heytesbury co. Wilts, to the church of St. Mary, 
Salisbury, as a prebend on condition that Ranulph 
should hold the churches for life as a canon of Salis- 
bury.' 46 It was known as the prebend of Heytesbury, 
and, Ranulph Flambard having died in 1128,"' the 
prebend was annexed to the possessions of the Deans 
of Salisbury.* 43 The cathedral obtained a confirma- 
tion of Godalming Church and a grant of 30 librates 
of land in Godalming in 1 157 in return for the castle 
of Devizes.* 4 ' The rectory was impropriate to the 
dean by 1 2 8 5 . In a visitation of the manor dated 1220 
it is stated that there had been a vicar there for a long 
time, but he had never been residentiary.* 40 

The estate and the advowson were leased fre- 
quently. In a dispute between the lessee (Mr. Castil- 
lion) and the vicar in 1578 some curious evidence 
was given of the former state kept by the dean when 
he visited the rectory house, then ruined, north of the 
church. He spent ' 30 hogsheads of drink at Christ- 
mas.' * sl A picturesque old house which stood here 
till about 1860 must have been a successor to the one 
described. The dispute continued till 1628. The 
final decree in Chancery preserves the survey of the 
rectory manor made in 1622."* 

The manor remained the property of the successive 
Deans of Salisbury till the Act of 1649 abolishing 
deans and chapters. Whilst it belonged to the State 
a survey of the rectory manor was taken.' 55 It in- 
cluded, besides the right of presentation and tithes, the 



"7 b Surr. Arch. Coll. iv, 105. 

""Add. MS. 6167 ; being part of 'Col- 
Icctiont for a History of Surrey ' made by 
Mr. Symmes, an attorney of Guildford, 
in about the year 1670. 

' Reg. of St. Oimund (Roll Ser.), i, 
297. 

""Misc. Bks. (Land Rev.), vol. 190, 
fol. 237. 

Harl. Chart. 57 H. 43. 

> V.C.H. Surr. i, 298*. 

448 Reg. of St. Osmund, fol. 42. 

3 



tH Diei. Nat. Siog. xir, 237. 

844 Between 1109 and 1117. 

* 8 Sarum Chart, and Doe. (Roll Ser.), 3. 

W Diet. Nat. Biog. xix, 237. 

448 Sarum Chart, and Doc. (Rolli Ser.), 
358. 

" Ibid. 29. Manning and Bray state 
that this grant referred to the manor of 
Godalming, but mention it only made of 
the church with its appurtenances. The 
deed is clearly one of restoration, an amic- 
able settlement of the late disputes as to 

41 



the cathedral's property. See ibid. 22 ; 
Pipe R. I Ric. I (Rec. Com.), 216 ; 2 Hen. 
II, 10 ; 4 Hen. II, 161 ; ibid. (Pipe R. 
Soc.), i, 55 ; iv, 42 et seq. ; Tata de 
Ne-uill (Rec. Com.), 225. 

450 Reg. of St. Otmund (Rolls Ser.), i, 297. 

*"LoseIey MSS. ii, 31; ix, 55, and 
a loose paper. 

454 Chan. Decrees, 3 Chas. I, No. 247/4. 
The survey is quoted by Manning and 
Bray, Hist, of Surr. i, 644. 

848 Proc. of the Surr. Arch. Soc. ii, 50. 






A HISTORY OF SURREY 



parsonage or rectory, glebe and ' sanctuary lands,' and 
the profits of court leet where 'one constable for the 
Deanes ' was sworn. The lease by a former dean to 
Valentine Castillion was confirmed, but the manor 
was sold to George Peryer. 1 * The dean and 
chapter were reinstated after the Restoration,*" and 
the successive deans continued in possession till 22 
May 1846, when the manor was transferred to the 
Ecclesiastical Commissioners."* The rectory manor 
was sold with the land about 1860 to Mr. John Sim- 
monds, whose son, Mr. J. Whateley Simmonds, is 
now owner. The Commissioners retained the great 
tithes, and the advowson was vested in the Bishop of 
Winchester. 

The early history of the advowson 
4DVOWSONS of the parish church is coincident 
with that of the rectory manor. 
After the deprivation of Dr. Andrews, whose Calvin- 
istic parishioners petitioned against him in 1640,"' 
the king presented Isaac Fortrey. The Crown again 
presented in l66o,* M but withdrew the presentation 
at the petition of the dean and chapter." 9 

The parsonage or rectory, now demolished, was 
directly north of the church. Parts of the vicarage 
house are of great antiquity. 

The ecclesiastical parish of St. John the Baptist, 
Busbridge, was formed in I S6$. Ka The advowson was 
then vested in Emma Susan, wife of Mr. John C. 
Ramsden of Busbridge Hall. 181 

Farncombe was formed into an ecclesiastical parish 
in 1 849 ; * 61 the living is in the gift of the Bishop of 
Winchester. 



Shackleford parish was formed in i866. 16 * The 
living is also in the patronage of the bishop. These 
three are rectories, endowed by the Commissioners 
out of the great tithes. 

There were also churches or chapels at Catteshull 
and Hurtmore, now lost. Traces of the Catteshull 
Chapel remained near the manor house when Man- 
ning wrote. 

The wooden chapel of All Saints, Hurtmore, was 
held in 1220 by Nicholas, apparitor of the Chapter of 
Guildford, for half a mark, who had it from Thomas 
of Hurtmore. The latter had made a composition 
for it with the Chancellor of Salisbury. 164 In 1 260 
the Prior of Newark, then lord of Hurtmore, pleaded 
that he had been permitted to present to Hurtmore 
' Church.' 18S It has long disappeared, but its site was 
south-west of the Charterhouse Hill towards Eashing. 
Wyatt's Almshouses were founded 
CHARITIES in 1619 by Richard Wyatt, of Lon- 
don, carpenter. The management is 
vested in the Carpenters' Company. They stand in 
Mead Row, Farncombe. 

Smith's Charity exists in Godalming as in other 
Surrey parishes ; it is distributed here in money, not 
in bread. Richard Champion in 1622 left a house 
and land in Crayford, now represented by 1,138 
consols, which is administered as Smith's Charity. 

The Meath Home for Epileptic Women and Girls 
was founded by the Countess of Meath, who in 1892 
bought for the purpose the manor house of Westbrook, 
near Godalming station. A new wing was added in 
1896. It accommodates seventy-four patients. 



HAMBLEDON 



Hameledune (xi cent.), Hameledon (xiii cent.), 
Hameldon (xiv cent.). 

Hambledon is a small parish inclosed on the north, 
east, and west by Godalming, bounded on the south 
by Chiddingfold. It is about 3 miles from north 
to south, rather over I mile wide in the south, but 
tapering to the north. It contains 2,721 acres. The 
village is 4 miles from Godalming town. The 
northern part of the parish is on the Green Sand, 
which rises into a considerable elevation towards 
Highden Heath (Hyddenesheth in 1453). Hyde 
Stile is near it ; High Down is a probable corrup- 
tion. The clay in the south of the parish is very 
thickly wooded, chiefly with oak ; and Hambledon 
Hurst, an oak wood, through which a clay track runs, 
the old highway from Godalming to Chiddingfold 
and beyond, is, when passable in dry weather, one 
of the most picturesque woodland walks in Surrey. 
This highway was continually being presented as out 
of repair in the Godalming Hundred Courts in the 
1 4th, 1 5th, and 1 6th centuries. 1 It is crossed more 
than once by a stream, which ultimately joins the 
Arun. On 21 September 1340, Thomas le Beel, 



rector of Hambledon, was presented for having dug a 
ditch in the highway. 

Brick-making is carried on in the clay soil. Iron 
also occurs in considerable quantities in the same soil; 
Lord Montague claimed an iron mine at Hambledon, 1 
and Mine Pits Copse no doubt preserves the name of 
it, though the part of the wood now so named is over 
the Godalming border. On 20 February 1570 Lord 
Montague had had trouble with the commoners who 
resented his cutting wood for his ironworks, perhaps 
in Hambledon Hurst.* 

The school (under the National Society) was 
enlarged in 1874. 

The Union Workhouse for the Hambledon Union 
is in the parish. It was originally built as a parish 
workhouse in 1786, but has been much enlarged. 

A small outlying portion of Hambledon, an enclave 
of Godalming and Hascombe, was transferred to Has- 
combe by the Local Government Board in 1884. It 
included Lambert's Farm on the road through Has- 
combe village. 

Within the bounds of the parish are several old 
houses and cottages, as well as a number of good 



154 Close, 1651, pt. xiv, no. 4. 

164 See Col. S.P. Dam. 1663-4, pp. 169, 
191. 

>Parl. Papers, 1847-8, xlix, 167. 

W y.C.H. Surr. ii, 33 ; Inst. Bkt. 
(P.R.O.). 

In.t. Bkt. (P.R.O.) 



" Col. S.P. Dam. 1663-4, pp. 169, Reg. of St. Osmund (Rolls Ser.), 

191- i, 297. 

160 Land. Gax. 30 June 1865, p. Mi Curia Regis R. 166, m. 2id. 

3 z8 3- * See 21 Sept. 1377, and other 

181 Ibid. placet. 

*> a Pap. Ret. Surr. 1901, p. 5. Loselejr MSS. June 10 1595, x, 116. 

M Ibid. p. 6. Loselejr MSS. x, 28. 

42 



GODALMING HUNDRED 



HAMBLEDON 



modern houses. The old manor-house close to the 
churchyard is one of the best of the old buildings. 

H4MBLEDOX MA" NOR included lands 
M4NOR in Chiddingfold, Godalming, and Witley. 
In the time of Edward the Confessor, 
Azor held Hambledon. 4 After the Conquest it was 
held in chief by Edward of Salisbury, ancestor of the 
first Earl of Salisbury, and remained for some time a 
member of the honour of Salisbury.* 

The immediate tenant in 1086 was Randulf. His 
successors in the I3th century took their name from 
Hambledon. In consideration of a grant to William 
de Brademer of certain land in Fetcham and Lether- 
head in 1207, Robert of Hambledon obtained a 
release of William's claim to a hide of land in Ham- 
bledon in favour of his own son, Richard of Hamble- 
don. 6 This hide had formerly been held by Robert 
de Smallbrede, and may therefore have been identical 
with the lands called Great and Lesser Smallbredes, 
which were attached to the manor in 1621.' In 
1251 free warren in Hambledon and Prestwick was 
granted to Robert Norris, but there is no proof 
that he held the manor. 8 Richard of Hambledon, 
the son of Henry of Hambledon, was lord of the 
manor later in the same century.' His successor in 
1316 was Walter of Hambledon ; " he apparently died 
leaving heirs who were minors, for in 1321 the king 
granted Hambledon to John de Toucester during his 
pleasure." Before 1324 it appears to have been 
acquired by Robert Fleming and Alice his wife, for in 
that year they had licence for a chapel in their manor 
of Hambledon." A 14th-century extent of the pur- 
party of a certain inheritance assigned to Thomas 
Fleming includes a hall at Smallbredes with a solar 
and kitchen and a chapel." The history of the manor 
during the next century is obscure. It would appear 
from the patronage of the church, which both before 
and after this period belonged to the lords of the 
manor, that it changed hands several times, for the 
advowson was successively in the possession of Edward 
the Black Prince, John de Bursebrigg, Richard Earl of 
Arundel, John Ryouns, William Petworth, Robert 
Payn, John Wintershull and Henry Payn, Robert 
Marshall and Richard Payn, Richard Monsted and 
Edmund Sumner, and Robert atte Mille and John Bus- 
bridge and others." It is directly stated that Richard 
Earl of Arundel held the lordship of Hambledon by 
reason of the custody of the heir, a woman ; it is 
therefore possible that the above-mentioned patrons 
of the church were also holding the manor either as 
guardians or feoffees to the use of the heir of the 



vv 




HULL of Hambledon. 
Argent a cheveron azure 
between three demi-lioni 
passant gules vtith three 
bexants on the chrvertm 
and a chief table -with 
Pun piles argent therein. 



at Hyls or Hulls. In 1350 Thomas at Hyl wa* 
lord of the manor and Maud was his wife." She was 
clearly seised of the manor and is said to have been 
Maud of Hambledon. 

At his death in 1489 John Hull was lord of 
Hambledon. 16 Probably he was a descendant of Maud 
wife of Thomas Hull whose 
death w*s presented at Godal- 
ming Court, October 1410." 
The sons of John Hull were 
Richard and Edward. 

In 1538 John Hull of Ham- 
bledon died. John Hull of 
full age was his heir. 18 He 
held in 1547-9" and Giles 
Hull in 1567 and 1572. 
Giles was father to Samuel 
and Joseph who sold in 1606 
to Lawrence Stoughton." In 
1613 he sold to Laurence 
Eliot of Busbridge, 81 a yearly 
rent being reserved to Samuel 
Hull during his life." Lau- 
rence Eliot who held a court in 1614 died holding 
the manor in 1 6 1 9," and left a son Sir William Eliot 
who settled the manor on himself and his wife Joan in 
tail male." He died in 1650. His son Sir William 
with his wife and son William barred the entail in 
1692." William the son died 1707. The manor 
was mortgaged and in 1710 was sold to John Walter * 
except the next presentation to the church, which 
William had already granted 
to his brother, Laurence El- 
iot. John Walter settled the 
manor on his son Abel's wife 
Anne Nevill in 1 729, and they 
conveyed it in 1737 to James 
Jolliffe and others, 87 possibly 
trustees for Hitch Young. 88 
In 1759 it passed to the lat- 
ter's grand-nephew the Hon. 
William Bouverie, created Earl 
of Radnor 1761. His son 
Viscount Folkestone was in 
possession in 1770." In 1800 
his son Jacob Pleydell Bouverie 
sold it to Henry Hare Town- 
send of Busbridge. 30 Mr. 
Thomas Mellersh of Godalming purchased it from 
him in 1823, and it has since remained in the 
Mellersh family. 




BOUVERIE, Earl of 
Radnor. Party fesseviise 
or and argent an eagle 
sable with nvo heads hav- 
ing on his breast a scut" 
chcon gules vjsth a bend 
vair. 



* V.C.H. Surr. i, 325*. 

6 Testa di Nevill (Rec. Com.), 220, 
ait. 

e Feet of F. Surr. 9 John, 30. 

7 Harl. Chart, 57, H. 43. 

8 Chart. R. 35 Hen. Ill, m. 3. There 
is, however, a possibility that Robert of 
Hambledon was ' Robert Norrii of Ham- 
bledon.' 

Testa de Nevill (Rec. Com.), 221 ; 
Anct. D., B. 4012. 

10 Par!. Writs (Rec. Com.), ii (3), 

338 (13). 

11 Abbrev. Rot. Ong. (Rec. Com. ), i, 
163. There are numerous record* of mem- 
bers of the Hambledon family in Surrey 
during the ijth century, and as late as 
1 342 John of Hambledon owed suit to God- 
aiming Hundred Court (Ct. R. 24 Oct. 17 
Edw. III). 

18 Winton Epis. Reg. Stratford, fol. 6a. 



It is worthy of note that the Flemings 
were connected with the Norris family, for 
in 1319-20 a release was granted to Robert 
son of William Fleming from a warranty 
of dower, claimed by Lucy late wife of 
Robert Norris of Fordham in Essex (Anct. 
D. [P.R.O.] B. 3625). 

18 Rentals and Surv. P.R.O., no. 628. 

11 Egerton MS. 2033, fol. 17, 58, 88. 

ls Lay Subs. R. bdle. 184, no. 29. 

16 P.C.C. Will proved 23 Oct. 1489 ; 
Miller 39. 

V Thomas Hull held land at Heydon in 
Godalming close to Hambledon. John 
Hull was in possession of Heydon in 
1428-9 (Catteshull Customary, 7 Hen. VI.) 

18 Catteshull Court, 23 Sept. 30 Hen. 
VIII. 

19 In a survey of Godalming (Misc. 
Bks. Exch. L.T.R. vol. clxix, fol. 109*) 
John Hull senior is mentioned as owing 

43 



suit at Godalming Hundred Court for the 
manor in 1549, and a marginal note says 
that Giles Hull held it later. 

* Feet of F. Surr. Hil. 4 Jas. I ; Mich. 
6 Jas. I. 

21 Close, 1 1 Jas. I, pt. xxxv, no. 23. 

*> Harl. Chart. 57, H. 43, 44. 

88 Chan. Inq. p.m. (Ser. 2), ccclxxx, 127. 

84 Harl. Chart. 57, H. 43, 44. 

95 Feet of F. Surr. Mich. 4 Will, and 
Mary. 

m See Close, 7 Geo. II, pt. vi, no. I. 

"Feet of F. Surr. Mich. 12 Geo. II} 
Release Enr. in Chan. 1733, pt. B. 6, 
no. 9. 

88 Manning and Bray say that Hitch 
Young bought it c. 1737 ; Hist, of Surr. 
ii, 56. 

* Com. Pleas Recov. R. Trin. II 
Geo. Ill, m. 104. 

80 Manning and Bray, Hist, of Surr. ii,56. 



A HISTORY OF SURREY 



The old manor house is at the west end of the 
church. It is now called Court Farm from the court 
baron having been held there. 

The lands of Great and Lesser Smallbrede, Shad- 
wells and Durcombes are mentioned in another deed 
of 1622-3." In I 77 Shadwell Field and Upper, 
Lower, and Little Darkham were included in Hyde 
Style Farm in the northern part of Hambledon, and 
Shadwell is an existing name north-west of the 
farm-house. These seem to be the latter two. 
Smallbrede was probably adjoining them, and perhaps 
Great Smallbrede is preserved in what is called the 
Great House on the right-hand side of the road from 
Hambledon to Godalming, south of Hyde Style 
Farm. Smallbrede was on the road, for the Hundred 
Roll of the Court of 21 September 1340 refers to 
injury to the via rfgia dt Smallbrede. 

The lord of Hambledon Manor had court baron, 
and in Manning and Bray's time court leet in ' High 
Hambledon.' " View of frankpledge and assize of 
bread and ale were claimed by Robert parson of 
Hambledon in 12789. He failed to appear and 
justify his claim, whereupon the Bishop of Salisbury 
was allowed those liberties as pertaining to his hun- 
dred of Godalming. 33 As late as 1808 the lord of 
Godalming Hundred was paid zs. when a court leet 
was held at Hambledon.* 4 The steward of the bishop 
regularly held a view of frankpledge at Hambledon on 
St. Matthew's Day, and tried cases of trespass, assault, 
failure to maintain highways and bridges, breaking of 
the assize of bread and ale, &c.* s 

The church of Sr. PETER is a small 
CHURCH building almost entirely rebuilt in 1846, 
consisting of nave, with small north aisle 
and vestry, south porch, and chancel. There is a 
bell-turret at the west end. It is most picturesquely 
situated, with very fine views from the churchyard, in 
which are two splendid yews ; the trunk of the larger, 
which must be of an immense age, measures about 
3 oft. in circumference and is hollow. The smaller 
one measures 1 7 ft. at 5 ft. from the ground. 

Cracklow (1824) describes the old church as con- 
sisting of a nave and chancel, 'of rough materials, 
covered partly with tiles, and partly with stone slates,' 
with ' a small open chapel on the north belonging 
to the manor, with a gallery on the north sides 
and another at the west end. The floor of the 
church is paved with bricks, and the entrance is by a 
path at the west end ; there is a wooden turret, 
rising through the roof near the middle of the nave, 
containing one bell, and surmounted by a small spire 
covered with shingles. The basin of the font is cut 
out of a solid block of stone. The style of the 
architecture affords but few data on which to form 
any idea of the period of its foundation. The Royal 
Arms are painted on the shell of a turtle placed over 
the pulpit, which was presented by the Earl of Rad- 
nor, patron of the church. Among the monuments 



are some for the family of Hull, of the early date of 
1489.' 

Cracklow's view, taken from the south-west, shows 
a porch of timber at the west end, a somewhat lofty 
nave, with its modern bell-turret nearly central (as in 
the neighbouring church of Hascombe, before re- 
building), a square-headed blocked doorway in the 
south wall, and eastward of it a two-light window, 
apparently of 13th-century date, beyond which again 
are two two-light windows, square-headed and 
probably ' churchwarden ' insertions : one is quite 
low down in the wall. In the south wall of the 
chancel is a lancet of 1 3th-century character, probably 
a low side window. 

The approximate dimensions of the old church were: 
nave 30 ft. by 1 6 ft., chancel 1 6 ft. by 13 ft., and 
north chapel 1 6 ft. by 7 ft., and the new church is 
of about the same size. As might be expected from 
the date of the rebuilding, the present church has not 
much to recommend it, but the design is pretty good 
in parts, and there is a profusion of carving, quite 
excellent for the period, especially a cornice on the 
outside of the south wall of the chancel, with 
minute heads and paterae by the same hand as the 
restored heads in the wall-arcade of ' the Round ' at 
the Temple Church, London. 

A good deal of chalk has been used in the interior, 
especially in the arcade of three arches to the north 
aisle, and in the chancel arch. The font, octagonal 
and modern, is a copy of that in Bosham Church, 
Sussex. The original font appears to have been of 
1 1 th or 1 2th-century date and to have resembled in 
design that in the neighbouring church of Alfold. 
The roofs are modern. 

The 1 7th-century altar-table is now in the vestry, 
in which also is a deal chest of about the same date. 

The registers date from 1617. 

When the church was rebuilt in 1 846, the then 
rector, the Rev. E. Bullock, gave a cup, paten, and 
flagon. The only ancient communion vessel is a 
small paten with the London hall-marks of 1691. 

There is one bell by William Eldridge, 1705. 

There is no mention of a church 
JDfOfrSON at Hambledon in the Domesday 
Survey. A church existed in 1 29 1. 36 
The lords of the manor presented to it in the I4th cen- 
tury, and the advowson of the church remained in 
their possession " till the last William Eliot (who 
sold the manor to John Walter) granted the presenta- 
tion to his brother Laurence Eliot. 38 His son 
Francis Eliot sold it to Lord Folkestone in 176 1. 3 ' 
It is now in the hands of Lord Radnor, his descendant. 
Henry Smith's Charity (1627) for 
CHARITIES the relief of deserving poor exists as 
in most Surrey parishes. 

Richard Wyatt(l6i8) left money for the mainten- 
ance of one poor man of the parish in the Carpenters' 
Almshouse at Godalming. 



81 Harl. Chart. 57, H. 44. 
81 Hitt. ofSurr. ii, 55. 
"Plae. de Quo Warr. (Rec. Com.), 
38. 
84 Manning and Bray, Surf ii, 55. 



85 Hund. R. fattim, preserved at Lose- 
ley. 

88 Pope Nick. Tax. (Rec. Com.), 208. 

87 William More of Loseley presented 
in 1568 ; he probably had a lease of the 



advowson. Hist. MSS. Com. Rep. vii, 
App. 620. 

88 Close, 7 Geo. II, pt. vi, no. i. 

89 Close, I Geo. Ill, no. 6077, sub. 
no. 5. 



GODALMING HUNDRED 



HASLEMERE 



HASLEMERE 



Hasulmore (xiv cent.) ; Haselmere (xvi cent.). 

Haslemere is a market town and a small parish 
9 miles south-west of Godalming, of irregular form 
about 2 miles in breadth at the south end, and nearly 
2 miles at the greatest measurement from north to 
south. The soil is mainly the Lower Green Sand, but 
the parish also extends over some of the Atherfield 
Clay and the Wealden Clay. It includes part of 
Weydown Common, and Grayshott Common to the 
north, and open land about East (or Haste) Hill to the 
east, and other open land ; but is mostly agricultural 
land or woodland. The parish is traversed by the 
Portsmouth line of the London and South Western 
Railway, and by the road from Guildford to Midhurst. 

It contains 2,253 acres. A part of the town 
was in the parish of Thursley, but has been 
transferred to Haslemere by the Local Government 
Act of 1 894. The house called Weycombe was trans- 
ferred from Chiddingfold to Haslemere by order of 
the Local Government Board, 1884.' 

The woollen industry existed here as elsewhere in 
West Surrey, and the iron works at Imbhams and 
in Witley gave employment to charcoal burners, 
called colliers as elsewhere in Surrey, in Haslemere 
parish. The names of Foundry Road and Hammer 
Lane imply ironworks in the parish. 

The present industries include brick and tile works, 
and several handicrafts introduced of late years by 
artistic and benevolent residents or neighbours, such as 
the linen, silk, and cotton weaving in Foundry Road, 
introduced by Mr. and Mrs. King of Witley circa 
1 895 ; tapestry, by Mr. and Mrs. Blunt ; silk weaving, 
by Mr. Hooper ; artist's wood and cabinet works, by 
Mr. Romney Green ; faience and mosaic works by 
Mr. Radley Young, in Hammer Lane ; weaving of 
ecclesiastical vestments, etc., by Mr. Hunter, on College 
Hill. The local museum and library, very far 
superior in plan and arrangement to the ordinary local 
museum, is connected with these local industries, as part 
of a general scheme to revive artistic taste and intellec- 
tual interests in a country place. But though Haslemere 
is a centre for a residential district, which since Pro- 
fessor Tyndall first built a house upon Hindhead has 
housed a remarkable body of literary, artistic, scientific, 
and otherwise distinguished residents, from Professor 
Tyndall and Lord Tennyson downwards, the greater 
part of the residential district is outside the parish 
of Haslemere, though a considerable number of 
houses have been built, or old houses adapted, in the 
place itself. 

The tradition preserved by Aubrey ' that Haslemere 
was a place of ancient importance, once possessing 
seven churches, but destroyed by the Danes, is of no 
value. It is unsupported by a scrap of documentary 
evidence, and is contrary to probability, as the place, 
unnamed in Domesday, was on the confines of the 
Wealden Forest, in a generally thinly inhabited 
country and was neither an ancient parish nor an 
ancient manor. It was a chapelry of the parish of 
Chiddingfold and was part of the first royal and then 
episcopal manor of Godalming. Old Haslemere, on 



East Hill, also called Haste Hill in deeds, south-east 
of the town, was merely a tenement in the 1 4th cen- 
tury, 3 but the name ' Churchliten field ' there * and 
' Old church-yard ' of Haslemere are suggestive of a 
church having been on the spot. The place where 
the present church stands, upon the opposite side of 
the town, was called Piperham. 5 

The boundaries of Surrey and Sussex have perhaps 
been slightly altered here to the loss of Surrey. On 
6 September 161 6 some forty inhabitants of Haslemere 
and the neighbourhood sent a letter to Sir George 
More, lord of the hundred and manor of Godalming, 
complaining that some two years back John Misselbroke 
had altered the course of the stream called Houndley's 
Water, near Carpenter's Heath, where it formed the 
county boundary, and that Richard Boxell of Linch- 
mere in Sussex had kept up the diversion.' Carpenter's 
Heath was the name of the land about Shottermill, on 
the borders of Godalming and Farnham Manors and 
Hundreds. Though the diversions deprived Sir George 
of land, no further action appears to have taken 
place. 

Cinerary urns, made on a wheel, with calcined bones 
in them, and some flints about them, but no bronze or 
iron, were found in Mr. Rollason's meadow, called 
Beeches, between Haslemere and Grayshott, and were 
presented to the local museum in 1902. Close by 
was the floor of a kiln, with tesserae and burnt stones 
and charcoal. Neolithic flint implements are fairly 
common in the neighbourhood. 

There are Congregational and Particular Baptist 
chapels in Haslemere. 

The town is beautifully placed on the slope of a 
gentle hill Black Down ridge its church lying 
away from the town on a high spur. There is 3 
market-house, placed in the middle of the wide street 
on the site of the Town Hall. It is not in itself 
of any great antiquity or beauty, but it harmonizes 
with its surroundings. For grouping, colouring, 
and the artistic setting of trees, creepers, and lovely 
backgrounds the streets of Haslemere are justly 
renowned ; and the new houses blend on the whole 
very happily with the old : but considered individually 
for antiquity or architectural merit they cannot com- 
pare with the houses of Godalming. Tile-hanging is 
the characteristic feature of the houses, which are mostly 
gabled and of brick or timber and plaster construction, 
with, in many cases, fine brick chimney stacks, and 
tiled roofs. Besides the High Street, which contains 
many picturesque examples of low-pitched gabled 
houses, there are interesting old houses in Shepherd's 
Hill (half timber and tile-hanging, to upper story, 
with plastered cove below) and East Street, which latter 
has a good moulded brick cornice. Most of these 
appear to date from early in the iyth century, but 
there are a few perhaps of earlier date, and a number 
belonging to the 1 8th century. 

Haslemere, which was originally only 

BOROUGH a tithing of Godalming, seems to have 

first gained importance through itt 

market, which was especially mentioned with the manor 



1 Loc. Govt. Bd. Order 165 31. 

* Hitt. ofSurr. (ed. 1718), iv, 28. 

8 Godalming Hundred Rolls, Loseley 



MSS. fanim. The rent of Old Haslemere 
was 6d. per acre to the lord. 

* Gent. Mag. 1802, pt. ii, p. 817. 

45 



* See below, under the account of the 
church. 

Loseley MS. date cited. 



A HISTORY OF SURREY 



of Godalming in 1 22 1, 7 nearly eighty years before the 
lords of Salisbury had a weekly market in Godalming 
itself. In point of population it does not seem to have 
even approached the neighbouring " parishes of Witley 
and Chiddingfold. Although it was not expressly 
called a borough in the return of 1315,' it is called 
'burgus' in 1377.' In 1394 John Waltham, Bishop 
of Salisbury, had licence to grant a charter to Hasle- 
mere, giving the town a market on Wednesdays and 
an annual fair on the eve and day of the Holy Cross, 
and three succeeding days." 

In an account of rents received in Godalming 
Manor, dated 1543, the 'burgesses' of the 'borough' 
of Haslemere are said to owe MS. zd. rent for certain 
lands there," which rent is evidently identical with 
izs. id. called ' le Burgage Rent' paid to the lord of 
Godalming by the tenants called the .burgage holders 
in Haslemere." The inhabitants held by burgage 
tenure in the 1 4th century when the Court Rolls of 
Godalming Manor and Hundred begin. 

The tenants of the tithing owed suit to the Hun- 
dred Court of Godalming, but a view of frankpledge 
was held at Hocktide at Haslemere, and a court leet 
with it, in the 1 7th century, for the borough." The 
town was considered a separate manor from Godal- 
ming, after the charter of 1596 at least.' 5 Separate 
Court Rolls exist for it. 

The burgage-rent was collected annually by the 
bailiff of the borough, who seems to have been the 
only officer, for in 1 596, at the time when the Crown 
was still holding Godalming Manor, Queen Elizabeth 
addressed a re-grant of the market and fairs to the 
bailiff and inhabitants of the borough." In the pre- 
amble to this grant she asserted that the town had 
sent two burgesses to Parliament from time imme- 
morial, and confirmed their right to do so in the 
future. She further recited the charter of Richard II, 
and as the markets and fair had fallen into disuse, 
restored to them the market on Tuesdays, the fair, 
now twice a year on St. Philip and St. James's and 
Holy Cross Day. Tolls were to be levied, a court of 
pie powder held, and the tolls to be applied by the 
bailiffand others to the relief of the poor inhabitants." 
The original grantees having all died, John Billing- 
hurst of Coldwaltham, co. Sussex, claimed the right 
to gather the tolls as heir of John Steede, the last sur- 
viving grantee. He was accused of misemploying the 
profits of the fair and market, which seem at that time 
to have amounted to about j yearly, and a decree 
was issued in 1662 vesting the trust in the lords of 
the manor of Godalming for the relief of the poor of 
Haslemere, an account being given at the court leet 
of the borough. 18 According to the inscription on 



the almshouses on the common near Lythe Hill, 
James Gresham, who represented Haslemere in the 
Parliament of 1678-9, by his 'care and oversight' 
caused the almshouses, then called the Toll House, to 
be built in 1676, for the habitation of decayed inhabi- 
tants of the borough, out of the profits of the market. 19 
However, after the death of Sir William More, lord 
of Godalming, John Billinghurst again tried to make 
good his claim to the tolls, and obtained a reversal of 
the former decree, 10 but in 1691 the grant was found 
to be in favour of the poor of the borough. 11 Thomas 
Molyneux, then lord of Haslemere Manor, the minis- 
ter of Haslemere, and others, were appointed trustees," 
and John Billinghurst ordered to restore 42 I is. 
which he had collected." The market produced 
little, being in the centre of a poor country. The 
view of frankpledge and court baron, held together 
in this case as at Godalming, give a few interesting 
glimpses of town management. So anxious were the 
burgesses to keep down the poor-rate that they decreed 
at the court of 4 May 1627 that no one in this leet 
shall let, devise, grant, &c., any messuage, &c., or 
room, to any ' forriner,' unless he and they can satisfy 
the bailiff and overseers that he can maintain himself 
and family penalty 10. This was repeated 7 May 
1628. Under Charles I the records of the court were 
kept in Latin. One result of the Commonwealth is 
that English was used, as was also the case in Guildford. 
On 30 April 1652 Puritan opinion forbade any person 
to set up a game called 'nine holes' in this borough 
penalty 5*. But cleanliness was some way off godli- 
ness, for on 10 April 1654 it was ordered that no one 
was to keep a dunghill standing in the borough above 
a month penalty izd. On 22 April 1658 the 
Market House, the Fish Cross, and the Butter Cross, 
were reported to be very ruinous. Robert Cobden 
and William Shudd were bound to repair them, under 
penalty of I o, to be done before the feast of St. Mi- 
chael the Archangel. This feast survives in all its 
full sanctity as a date in spite of the opinions then 
prevailing. After the Restoration Mr. Richard 
Symmes, the steward of Godalming, had the record of 
the court kept again in Latin. It is interesting to 
find that in 1678 among the 'foreign' tradesmen 
who set up stalls at the market, but who were fined 
I it. for doing so without the bailiff's leave, was 
Robert Smyth of Farnham, bookseller. The old 
Crosses and Town Hall, ruinous in 1658, were pulled 
down, the two former after 1735. The Town Hall 
was not pulled down till 1814, when the present 
hall was built by the two members. For this date 
there is a plan of the town, a copy of which is pre- 
served in the present Town Hall. 



7 Rot. Lit. Clam. (Rec. Com.), i, 455. 

8 In the earlier Subsidy Rolls Haslemere 
is not even mentioned. Probably it was 
included in Godalming at that time. In 
the returns for the poll tax of 1380, 62 
names are given under Haslemere, whereas 
238 were returned under Godalming, 133 
under Witley, and 176 under Chiddingfold 
(Lay Subs. R. bdle. 184, no. 29). Nor 
does it ever seem to have been very exten- 
sive, for the hearth-tax return of 1674 
only accounts for 61 households (ibid. bdle. 
1 88, no. 496). 

9 Par!. Writs (Rec. Com.), ii (3), 338. 
The vill of Haslemere is there set down 
as a possession of the Bishop of Salis- 
bury. 



10 Mins. Accts. bdle. 1010, no. 7. An 
account of the manor of Ashurst, wherein 
one item is given as 301. rent in the hamlet 
of Chiddingfold and 'in turgode Haselmere.' 

11 Chart. R. 15-17 Ric. II, no. 6. 

11 Exch. Mins. Accts. 34-5 Hen. VIII, 
Div. Co. R. 64, m. 20. 

u Godalming R. fassim and Misc. Bks. 
(Land Rev.), cxc, 235. 

11 Godalming R. Loseley MSS. 

" Fide infra. 

" Petty Bag Char. Inq. xxvi, 18. 

V Writs of Privy Seal, May, 38 Eliz. 

18 Petty Bag Char. Inq. xxvi, 18 ; 
Hitt. MSS. Com. Ref. vii, App. 679. 

" See Char. Cam. Rep. ii; Par!. Papers, 
1824, xiv, 635. It was this James Gresham 

46 



who persuaded the bailiff to substitute his 
name for that of Denzil Onslow in the 
return of burgesses for 1679. See also 
Loseley MSS. i, 132. 

20 Proc. as to Charitable Uses, Confir- 
mations, &c. 2 Jas. II, 25. On the ground 
that Elizabeth had intended the profits of 
the market and fair for the public 
benefit of the borough and not for the poor 
only, so that the matter did not come 
within the cognizance of the Charity Com- 
missioners who had issued the decree. 

81 Chan. Decrees and Orders, Mich. 
1691, A 425. 

aa Ibid. Hil. !692, A 232. 

88 Chan. Rep. 1693, A-D, Chan. Orders 
and Decrees, Hil. 1693-4, A. 365*. 



GODALMING HUNDRED 



HASLEMERE 



Haslemere ceased to be a borough after the Mu- 
nicipal Reform Act of 1835." 

Although the charter of I 596 asserts that Haslemere 
sent two burgesses to Parliament from time imme- 
morial," the first extant return of burgesses for the 
town dates from 1584, only twelve years before.* 8 
It is evident, therefore, that Haslemere was one of 
the towns which Elizabeth caused to return members 
in order to increase her influence in the House, a 
supposition strengthened by her own statement that 
she granted the market and fairs in the hope that if 
the inhabitants of the town should thereby enjoy 
greater prosperity they would feel themselves the more 
bound to do all possible service to her and her suc- 
cessors. 

The electors were inhabitant freeholders, whether 
paying rent to the lord of the manor or not, the bur- 
gage holders in fact." Tenants of land which had 
been part of the waste of the manor, or of houses 
upon it, could not vote from such qualification only. 
The number of such burgage holders varied consider- 
ably, because as different owners represented different 
interests the burgages were deliberately divided into 
small parts to multiply votes. Haslemere was a 
rotten borough in the sense of being thoroughly 
penetrated with corruption, and was the scene of very 
violent electoral contests," till in 1784 Sir James 
Lowther, afterwards Earl of Lonsdale, bought the manor 
and many freeholds in it, and made it a close borough, 
though a rival interest, that of the Burrell family, 
existed. The second Earl of Lonsdale in fact abolished 
many of the freeholds, creating them only for the pur- 
pose of an election, when the burgages required are said 
to have been conveyed to the charcoal-burners and 
others of the neighbourhood, or to servants of his friends, 
with the understanding that they should be surrendered 
for a consideration when the need was over. But 
there were a few distinguished members for Haslemere. 
Carew Raleigh, son of Sir Walter, was elected to fill 
the vacancy in the Long Parliament caused by the 
death of Sir Poynings More in 1 649, and the famous 
General Oglethorpe sat from 1722 to 1754. The 
Rt. Hon. Sir John Beckett was one of the last two 
members. It was among the forty-six boroughs whose 
population stood lowest at the 
time of the Reform Bill of 
1832, and accordingly was then 
disfranchished. 89 

The manor of 
MANORS H4SLEMERE 
descended with 
the hundred and manor of 
Godalming till 1784, when 
the sisters of Thomas More- 
Molyneux and their trustees 
sold to Sir James Lowther 
under a private Act.*" Sir James 
was created Earl of Lonsdale 
the same year, and died in 1802. The manor passed 
to his cousin Sir William Lowther, who inherited the 




LOWTHER, Earl of 
Lonsdale. Or tix rings 

table. 



title of Viscount Lowther, and was created Earl of 
Lonsdale in 1807. He died in 1844. The manor 
was purchased from his heirs by James Stewart Hodgson 
of Lythe Hill, Haslemere, in 1870. His widow held 
it, and died 1907. Mr. J. Whateley Simmonds, J.P. 
has lately bought the manor. A description of the manor 
in 1814 says that ' the manor was held by burgage 
tenure, the Burgesses paying for their several tenements 
a burgage rent of I2/. \d. to the lord of Godalming. 
The Borough and Manor are not co-extensive, as some 
of the lands in the borough are in the manor of 
Godalming. Officers are elected at a Court Leet in 
April or May, a Bailiff, a Constable, Searchers and 
Sealers of Leather and and an Ale taster. No Court 
Baron has been held since 1694.' 

The court leet was held up to 1839, when the 
practice was discontinued." 

The manor of IMBHAMS (Imbeham xiii-xv cents. ; 
Imbhams and Embornes, xvi cent.) was parcel of 
Loseley Manor, held of the honour of Gloucester, but 
adjacent land bearing the same name was held of the 
Bishop of Salisbury's manor of Godalming. 

In 1285 Eleanor widow of Robert de Dol, late 
lord of Loseley, had dower in Imbhams, 31 and re- 
covered land in Chiddingfold from various tenants 
including Alan of Imbhams. 33 From her time the 
manor descended with Loseley to her son Robert, at 
whose death in March 13567 it was found that he 
held two holdings of the name. The one was held of the 
Earl of Gloucester, and the other of the Bishop of 
Salisbury for 1 Ss. SJ. and suit of court at Godalming. 
The manor-house was in that part of Imbhams which 
was held of the earl. None of the arable land seems 
to have been profitable, since it lay in the Weald, and 
the pasture was of no value on account of the great 
size of the trees. 31 Imbhams was not included in 
Robert de Dol's agreement with his daughter Joan de 
Bures, 35 but was assigned immediately after his death 
to his heirs, the same Joan and John Norton. 36 

Joan died in 1371, her heir being her son William 
Bures, 37 who succeeded to the moiety of Loseley, 
including presumably a moiety of Imbhams, which she 
held in her own right. The other moiety, afterwards 
known as NORTH IMBH4MS, passed to John Nor- 
ton, descended from her sister Margaret, 38 who must 
have died almost immediately after her, for in 1375 he 
had been dead about four years, having been seised of 
a moiety of a piece of land called ' Imbeham,' held of 
the king in chief, owing to the vacancy of the see of 
Salisbury, but formerly held of the bishop at a rent of 
6/. 39 His heir John Norton was under age. This was 
parcel of the manor of Loseley. It was the portion in 
Haslemere, and by an unknown process passed to the 
Coverts. It did not pass first to the Sidneys, to whom 
the Norton moiety of Loseley proper came, for in the 
proceedings by which Humphrey Sidney established 
his claim to the inheritance in 1508,* though land 
in Chiddingfold (which then of course included 
Haslemere) is mentioned, this land was held of the 
manor of Bramley." The Norton portion was already 



5 & 6 Will IV, cap. 76. 

* Writs of Privy Seal, May 38 Eliz. 

" Rft. of Mtmb. of Part. i. The first 
members recorded aa representing Hasle- 
mere were Christopher Rythe of Lincoln's 
Inn, and Miles Rythe of the same. 

a " Journ, of the Houie of Common*, 
20 May 1661, p. 253. 

** Ibid, xxxii, 49 ; xxxv, 361 ; Mere- 



wether and Stephens, Hist, of Boroughs, ii, 
1380. 

99 Part. Papers, 1831-2, xxxvi, 3, 5, 
41. 

80 20 Geo. Ill, cap. 45. 

81 Privately communicated. 

M De Banco R. 60 (Mich. 1 3-14 
Edw. I), m. 83. 

88 Close, 1 5 Edw. I, m. i d. 

47 



84 Chan. Inq. p.m. 30 Edw. Ill, no. 45. 
84 See under Loseley. 
88 Abbrev. Rot. Orig. (Rec. Com.), ii, 
241. 

07 Chan. Inq. p.m. 4; Edw. Ill, no. 4. 

88 See Loseley. 

89 Chan. In.], p.m. 49 Edw. Ill, no. 1 8. 
*> See under Loseley. 

41 Inform. Rev. T. S. Cooper. 



A HISTORY OF SURREY 



in the hands of William Covert of Slaugham and 
Harlcombe, who died in 1494- In I 504 his son John 
Covert died seised of the manor of Imbhams in 
Haslemere, Chiddingfold and Alfold, held of the 
Bishop of Salisbury." H is heir was his cousin Richard, 
from whom it went to John's nephew Giles, who 
held at the time of the survey of Godalming made 
by Edward VI, and died in 1557," holding of the 
Crown, which then held the bishop's manor of Godal- 
ming. He was succeeded by his brother Richard. 
He was father of Antony Covert, father of John and 
An tony, all of whom held it." John conveyed to Antony 
in 1625, the conveyance including the pond which 
supplied the water for the Quenells' iron furnace 
called Imbhams." The Coverts sold to Peter Quenell 
the elder in \6zj. K , 

Quenell had already acquired SOUTH IMBHAMS, 
the other moiety, which went with the Bures portion 
of Loseley, probably to the Strodes, who had land in 
Chiddingfold, 47 and so to the Westbrooks. John 
Westbrook was lord of the manor of Imbhams alias 
Southymbhams, in 1492, and granted land which had 
escheated to him as lord. When he sold Loseley to 
Sir Christopher More he did not convey the manor 
of South Imbhams 48 specifically, and it continued in 
his family. He died in 1513, and his son William 
in 1537. His heirs were his sister Florence Scarlett, 
widow, and Elizabeth wife of Edward Hull. John, 
grandson of the former, sold his moiety of South 
Imbhams to Thomas Quenell in I568. 49 Thomas 
left it, subject to his wife's life interest, to his brother 
Robert Quenell in 1571, and Scarlett levied a fine to 
Robert Quenell in I576. 50 

Thomas Hull, son of Elizabeth Hull, had sold his 
share to the same Robert Quenell in 1574." This 
Robert was father to Peter, who acquired the other 
part of Imbhams, vide supra, in 1626. The Quenells 
were ironmasters, and Peter, a Royalist, cast guns for 
the king at Imbhams as long as he was allowed." He 
died in 1 649. His son Peter served in the king's army, 
and also borrowed money. He died in 1666. Peter 
Quenell his son held a court in 1669, but under 
an arrangement to satisfy his father's debts sold 
with his mother's concurrence in 1677 to Thomas 
Newton and William Yalden." The latter took the 
manor and held a court in 1 679. He died in 1 740, 
aged 91. His son William died in 1742, leaving a 
son William who died in 1796. He had a daughter 
Elizabeth, wife of Ralph Bennet, and two other 
daughters. The trustees of the estate sold it to 
George Oliver of Brentford in 1797. His son 
George died at a great age after 1 870, and the manor 
was sold to the late Mr. James Stewart Hodgson of 
Lythe Hill, Haslemere, whose widow died in 1907. 

William Yalden the younger was of ' the New- 
house,' since known as the Manor House. The old 
manor house is a moated farm of the 1 6th century. 

The church of ST. BARTHOLO- 

CHURCH MEW is embowered in trees, among 

which the grey stone tower with stone- 



slated roof has a more venerable aspect than is war- 
ranted by its actual age. The churchyard, which is 
extremely pretty and well kept, abounds in choice 
shrubs and trees, and has a great number of old and 
new monuments. Professor Tyndall lies here, but 
under a gorse and heather-covered mound, without 
stone or other memorial. 

The church was originally only a chapel-of-ease to 
Chiddingfold. The tower at the west end is practic- 
ally all that remains of ancient date, and there is reason 
to suppose that this goes no further back than the 
middle of the I7th century. The nave, north aisle, 
and chancel, after having been greatly altered about 
1837, were partly rebuilt in 1870-1, a south aisle 
being added at the same time. The style in which 
the new work was designed is that of the middle of 
the 1 3th century. When the rebuilding took place a 
number of the older gravestones were built into the 
walls inside and out. There is a good deal of modern 
glass of varying merit, including a two-light window 
designed by the late Sir Edward Burne-Jones to the 
memory of the poet Tennyson, its subject being Sir 
Galahad and the Holy Grail. Some old glass said to 
have been brought out of Kent by the Rev. M. San- 
derson at the end of the 1 7th century has been re- 
distributed, part being in the west window of the tower, 
and the rest in the west window of the north aisle ; 
originally the whole was in the east window of the 
chancel. A writer in the Gentleman's Magazine for 
1 80 1 gives the subjects as follows : 

' I. St. Matthew. 2. Our Saviour's Ascension. 
3. St. Mark. 4. Adam and Eve in Paradise. 5. The 
Nativity. 6. Noah going into the Ark. 7. St. Luke. 
8. Saul thrown from his horse, and his attendants 
offering him assistance : " Savl, Savl, qvid persecv'is 
me ? " 9. Offering of the Wise Men. Among the 
numerous presents, I distinguished some fine hams, 
poultry and mutton. 10. St. John.' 

The same writer describes the nave as ' separated 
from the transept [i.e. aisle] by four pointed arches 
resting on low round pillars, part of a wooden 
screen remaining under the chancel arch. The font 
is a large octagonal stone supported on a pillar corre- 
sponding with it. On one of the bells is inscribed, 
" Peace and good neighbourhood." ' 

Another writer says 54 of the arcade between the 
nave and north aisle, ' the pillars that support the 
arches are of oak, and of large dimensions.' Mr. J. W. 
Penfold, an old resident, in giving his recollections 
of the church as he remembers it ' in the early days 
of William IV,' says ; ' The north aisle was separated 
from the nave by huge oak pillars, with heavy carved 
ribs or struts forming arches to support the low roof, 
and much obscuring the view into the nave. . . About 
1 837 the oak pillars were removed, and neat fluted 
iron columns were substituted.' " 

From Cracklow's view of 1823 it would seem prob- 
able that the old nave and chancel retained features 
of 1 3th-century date, but that the building had been 
greatly altered in the 1 6th and following centuries. 



18 Chan. Inq. p.m. (Ser. 2), xxxi, 263. 
48 Ibid, cxiv, 42. 

44 Feet of F. SUIT. Hil. 14 Jas. I; Chan. 
Proc. Elir. H.h. vi, 60. 

45 Feet of F. Surr. Hil. 22 Jas. I. 

46 Ibid. East. 2 Chas. J, and East. 4 
Cha". I. 

4 ' Strode Deeds at Loseley, q.v. 
43 Add. Chart. 13557. See Loseley. 
Imbhams was included in the marriage 



settlement of William More in 1551 
(Feet of F. Surr. Mich. 5 Edw. VI). It 
was probably an overlordship attaching to 
Loseley, merged in the general overlord- 
ship acquired by the Mores in the whole 
hundred and manor of Godalming by 
grant in 1601. 

49 Com. Pleas D. Enr. East. 18 Eliz. m. 

43- 

50 Feet of F. Surr. East. 18 Eliz. 



4 8 



"Ibid. Hil. 1 7 Eliz. 

M For an account of the Quenell family 
see Surr. Arcb. Coll. xv, 40. 

68 Chan. Decree, 3 July 27 Chas. II, 
790, no. 13. 

64 Gent. Mag. 1802, pt. ii, 817, 8 1 8. 

65 Preface to Haslemere and Hir.dhcad, 
in the 'Homeland Handbooks' series. 
This timber arcade was the only one of 
ancient date in Surrey. 



GODALMING HUNDRED 



PEPER HAROW 



The registers date from 1572. 

The church plate includes a cup and paten cover of 
1669, a credence paten of 1672, a paten of 1718, a 
cup of 1730, and a flagon of 1793 all of silver. 

The place where the present church stands upon 
the side of the town opposite to 'Old Haslemere' 
(vide supra) was called Piperham, and the church here 
is the ' capella de Piperham ' which with Chiddingfold 
is mentioned in 1 1 80 and 1185 in the Salisbury 
Registers. 56 A deed of 1486 in the possession 
of Mr. J. W. Penfold shows that the road from 
the upper end of Haslemere Street leading to the 
present church then led to Piperham Church. A 
fragment of a Court Roll at Loseley of 6 & 7 James I 
mentions the road as out of order leading from ' Pep- 
perham's church in Haslemere by Pilemarsh.' Pile- 
marsh is between the present church and Haslemere 
Station. There probably was another church, now 
gone, on East Hill, whence the tradition of seven 
churches. Also in 1458 John Piperham leased to 
John Boxfold of Haslemere his tenement called Piper- 
hammes next the church in Haslemere on the under- 
standing that Boxfold should perform all services due 
to the king, the lord of the fee, and to the church.* 7 
There was also a tenement called Howndleswater, 
rtherwise Peperham in Haslemere, of which John 
Bridger was possessed when he died in February 
1 5 80- 1. 58 

The parish was a chapelry in the parish of Chid- 
dingfold, but in 1363 Bishop Edyngton of Winchester 
granted licence for the consecration of a long-existing 



chapel and burial-ground at Haslemere in place of 
the old churchyard near the old church. 69 The dis- 
trict possessed parish officers and registers of its own, 
and though a rector was usually, till recently, instituted 
to the rectory of Chiddingfold with Haslemere, a 
separate curate was often in residence. It has been 
in all respects a separate parish since 1869. 

The history of the advowson is 
ADVOWSON coincident with that of the mother- 
church of Chiddingfold till 1868. 
In that year a rector was instituted to the churches of 
Chiddingfold and Haslemere on the understanding that 
he should resign the latter when called upon to do so. 
This he did in 1869, when Haslemere became a 
separate rectory. 

Smith's Charity is distributed as in 
CHARITIES other Surrey parishes. 

James Bicknell by will 27 Novem- 
ber 1633 ' ft tne produce of certain land, of about 
1 3*. \d. a year, to the churchwardens for the poor. 
James Gresham, lessee of the tolls of the market, left 
the tolls and an almshouse in 1676. The almshouse 
exists, but is now unendowed. In 1816 Mr. Shudd, 
a solicitor of the town, left 350 to the poor. 

There is a cottage hospital founded by John Pen- 
fold, opened in 1898, in commemoration of the 
Diamond Jubilee of the late Queen Victoria ; a 
convalescent home, founded and maintained by Jona- 
than Hutchinson; and a holiday home at East Hill, 
established by Mrs. Stewart Hodgson in 1884, for 
the reception of poor girls from London. 



PEPER HAROW 



Pipereherge (xi cent.) ; Piperinges (xiii cent.) ; 
Pyperhaghe (xiv cent.). 

Peper Harow is a small parish lying west of 
Godalming town. It measures about 4 miles from 
north to south, about 2 miles in breadth in the 
northern and under a mile in the southern part. 
The soil is exclusively the Lower Green Sand, except 
for alluvium in the valley of the Wey, which runs 
in a winding course across the parish from west to 
east. The southern part of the parish includes 
Ockley Common and Pudmoor, extensive heathlands 
connected with Thursley Common and Elstead Heath. 
In the northern part of it is Peper Harow Park, the 
seat of Viscount Midleton, extending to both sides 
of the Wey, and reaching on the southern bank into 
Witley parish. The area is 1,301 acres of land and 
19 of water. The road from Farnham to Godal- 
ming crosses the parish from west to east. The 
population is under 200. 

The charter of Edward of Wessex to the church 
of Winchester, c. 909,' gives the boundary of Elstead 
and of Peper Harow as it now exists in part : 
' Aerest act vii dican to Ottanforda, swa to Sumaeres 
forda, (now Somerset Bridge), Souan to Ocanlea 
(Ockley Common).' 

The park and grounds at Peper Harow contain 



some fine timber, notably some cedars of Lebanon, 
which were put in as seedlings from pots in 1735.* 

In the park are the remains of Oxenford Grange, 
a grange of Waverley Abbey. The fifth Viscount 
Midleton employed Mr. Pugin to build an imitation 
13th-century farm here, and a gatehouse to the park 
in the same style in 1844, and in 1843 Mr. Pugin 
built an arch of similar design over the Bonfield 
Spring in the neighbourhood a medicinal spring 
of local repute, said by Aubrey to be good for all 
eyesores and ulcers. This land of Oxenford is 
now counted in Witley parish.* 

A conveyance to Sir Walter Covert in 1605 
speaks of the land in the ' Parish and Field ' of 
Peper Harow. But the end of ' the Field ' is not 
known. There was no Inclosure Act. 

PEPER HAROW was held by Alward 
MANOR under Edward the Confessor, and after the 
Conquest carne into the possession of 
Walter, Governor of Windsor Castle, son of Other, 
ancestor of the Windsors, 4 to whose honour of Windsor 
the overlordship of the manor belonged. 6 The actual 
tenant of Peper Harow in 1086 was a certain Girard,* 
one of whose successors, Osbert of Peper Harow, sold 
Peper Harow to Ralph de Broc. His son-in-law 
Stephen de Turnham received a confirmation of the 



M Rtg. of St. Osmund (Rolls Ser.), i, 268, 460. Thit would be the present, i.e. 
301, 303. ' Add. Chart. 27757. Piperham, church. 

1 Kemble, Codex Difl. 1093, v > '7^- 

1 MS. at Peper Harow. 

8 For a further account of it ee under 



88 Exch. Mint. Accti. 34-5 Hen. VIII, 
Div. Co. R. 64, m. 19 ; Chan. Inq. p.m. 
(Ser. 2), cxcvii, 64. 

" Winton Epit. Reg. Edyngton, ii, 



Witley. 



49 



. Surr. i, 323.1. 
* Tata di Nit/ill (Rec. Com.), 220 ; 
Chan. Inq. p.m. 27 Edw. Ill (lit no*.}, 
no. 61 ; ibid. I Ric. Ill, 23 ; ibid. (Ser. 
2), x, 97. 

. Surr. i, 313*. 

7 



A HISTORY OF SURREY 



sale from King John in 1205.' Stephen's daughter 
Clemency received Peper Harow as her portion on 
her marriage with her first husband Alan de Plugen- 
hay ; 8 she afterwards married Wandrith de Corcell, 
and her third husband, Henry Braybrok, who evi- 
dently survived her, sued Ralph son of Bernard and 
his wife Eleanor, daughter of Clemency by Wandrith 
de Corcell,' for Peper Harow as having been settled 
on him at his marriage with Clemency. 10 Clearly 
the suit was decided in favour of Ralph and Eleanor," 
for William Braunch, husband of their daughter Joan, 
held a fee in ' Piperinges ' of the honour of Wind- 
sor." William and Joan settled a rent of 2 marks 
from the manor on Giffard, Abbot of Waverley, and his 
successors in 1246," and Joan was still in possession 
of Peper Harow in, 1279, when she claimed free 
warren there under a charter of Henry III, her right 
being disputed on the ground of the previous dis- 
afforestation of the whole county." A fresh grant 
of free warren in Peper Harow was issued to Henry 
of Guildford in 1 303, when he was lord of the 
manor. 14 Joan Braunch died before 21 December 
1279, leaving a son and heir Nicholas, 16 who suffered 
a recovery to Henry of Guildford, marshal of the king's 
household 1297-8, and gave him a release. Henry 
died 1312 holding the manor, 17 and among the execu- 
tors of his will was Hervey (or 
Henry) de Stanton, 18 who ob- 
tained a release of the manor 
from Henry de Stoughton. 19 
Henry de Stoughton was as- 
sessed for feudal aid in Peper 
Harow in 1 3 1 6.* He is said 
to have obtained it from Henry 
of Guildford 1312-13 and to 
have conveyed it to Henry 
de Stanton c. 13602, from 
whom it descended to Hervey 
de Stanton." He held the 
manor for some time." The Stoughtons recovered 
their estate, though by illegal means, for in 1 343 
Henry de Stoughton was fined for persuading Walter 
de St. Neot to come to Bagshot calling himself 
Master Hervey de Stanton, and in that name to 
make quitclaim of Peper Harrow to John son of 
Henry de Stoughton." In the same year Sir 
Andrew Braunch, son of Nicholas," purchased 
Henry Stoughton's rights in Peper Harow for 
j^ioo. 15 He was succeeded by a young son and 
heir Thomas, who died in the wardship of the king 
in 1360, leaving, though he was only eleven years of 
age, a widow Mary,' 6 to whom dower was assigned 
in the manor." Stephen de Wydeslade, Andrew 




STOUGHTON. Azure a 
croix engrailed ermine. 



Braunch's nephew by his sister Eleanor, heir to 
Thomas, seems to have sold the manor, for in 1368 
it appears in the possession of John Chapman and 
Geoffrey Edyth, evidently trustees, who conveyed 
it early in 1368 to Bernard Brocas, clerk, for life, with 
remainder to Sir Bernard Brocas of Beaurepaire and 
his wife Mary in tail. 18 The latter's son and heir, 
Sir Bernard, succeeded to Peper Harow at his father's 
death in 1395," but forfeited it by his share in the 
conspiracy to restore Richard II.' His son William, 
however, was restored to his father's estates in the 
following year," and died in 1456." His son 
William, sheriff of Berkshire and Oxfordshire in 
1459, held the manor, 53 as is recorded by his wife's 
inscription in Peper Harow Church. It had been 
seized by Edward IV and granted in 1477 to his 
servant John Smyth," but it was clearly recovered by 
Brocas. His son John followed, and was succeeded 
by William Brocas, also of Beaurepaire. 

His two daughters and heirs, Anne and Edith, were 
aged respectively twelve and nine at their father's 
death in July 1506." Edith, who was ultimately 
her sister's heir, married Ralph Pexsall, 56 during 
whose tenure the house and demesne lands, ex- 
cept the rights of fishing, were leased for ten years 
to John Moth of Sherborne." Ralph's son, Mr. 
Richard Pexsall, afterwards knighted, was holding in 
the survey of the manor of Godalming in I547. 58 
He was once attacked at Peper Harow by a certain 
' Bedon,' who with his friends had entered upon 
lands belonging to the Parsonage. 39 Sir Richard's 
daughter Anne having married Bernard Brocas of 
Horton, a descendant of Sir Bernard, the supporter 
of Richard II, most of the Pexsall lands were settled 





PEXSALL. Argent a BROCAS. Sable a leo~ 

flowered crust engrailed fard rampant or. 

sable between four birds 
azure having beaks and 
legs gules and collars ar- 
gent taith a scallop ar- 
gent in the cross. 

on her son Pexsall Brocas, 40 and among them a con- 
siderable portion of Peper Harow. In 1585 he sold 



7 Rot. Chart. (Rec. Com.), i, i6oi. 

8 Maitland, Bracton't Note Bk. 116. 

9 Curia Regi R. no. 162 (Hil. 43 
Hen. Ill), in. 21. 

10 Bracton's Note Bk. 1 1 6. 

11 It turned upon the point whether, after 
the death of Wandrith de Corcell, Edelina, 
Stephen's widow, had any right to re- 
enfeoff Clemency and Henry de Braybrok. 

14 Testa de Ne-vill (Rec. Com.), 220, 
221 ; Curia Regii R. 87, m. 7. 

18 Feet of F. Surr. 31 Hen. Ill, 313. 
" Plat, de Quo Warr. (Rec. Com.), 74.. 

15 Chart. R. 3 1 Edw. I (no. 96), m. 2. 
18 Chan. Inq. p.m. 8 Edw. I, no. I. 
"Ibid. 6 Edw. II, no. 57. 

18 Cal. Close (Rec. Com.), 1307-13, p. 
474- 



' Add. MS. (B.M.), 5846, fol. 78. 

*>Parl. Writs (Rec. Com.), ii (3), 338. 

81 Stoughton MSS. quoted by Manning 
and Bray. 

M Add. MS. (B.M.), 5846, fol. 78. 

M Cal. Pat. 1343-5, p. 150. 

M Cal. Close, 1318-23, p. 611. 

Feet of F. Surr. 17 Edw. Ill, 37. 

K Chan. Inq. p.m. 27 Edw. Ill (tit 
nos.), no. 61 ; ibid. 34 Edw. Ill (ist nos.), 
no. 58. 

" Close, 34 Edw. Ill, m. 22. 

88 Feet of F. Surr. 42 Edw. Ill, 12. 
It is worthy of notice that John Brocas 
mainprised that Henry Stoughton would 
pay the fine due for his share in the 
Bagshot conspiracy. See Cal. Pat. 1343-5, 
p. 150. See also Loseley MSS. 

50 



" Chan. Inq. p.m. 19 Ric. II, no. 3. 

80 Ibid. I Hen. IV, pt. ii, no. 2. For 
an account of the family see Burrows, 
Brocas of Beaurepaire. 

11 Pat. 2 Hen. IV, pt. i, m. 19. 

33 Chan. Inq. p.m. 34 Hen. VI, 
no. 9. 

38 He died in 1484 ; Chan. Inq. p.m. 
I Ric. Ill, no. 23. 

84 Cal. Pat. 1476-85, p. 43. 

85 Ibid. (Ser. 2), xx, 97. 

86 Pat. 4 Hen. VIII, pt. i, m. 21. 

8 ? Burrows, Brocas of Beaurepaire, 441. 

88 He also held Piccards in Arlington. 

89 See a letter by Sir Richard quoted in 
Brocas of Beaurepaire, 197. 

Will of Sir Richard, 1571, P.C.C. 6 
Holney. 



GODALMING HUNDRED 



PEPER HAROW 




HoLLrs, Lord Holies. 
Ermine rwo filet sable. 



ten-twelfths of the manor and the advowson to Henry 
Smythe," the remaining two-twelfths of the manor 
being in possession of Pexsall's aunt Margery Cotton, 
and of Edward Savage, son of Sir John Savage, second 
husband of Eleanor widow of Sir Richard Pexsall." 
The former conveyed her share to Henry Smythe in 
1594," while Edward Savage sold his to Sir Walter 
Covert, kt.," who in 1605 bought the other eleven 
parts from Henry Smythe." Sir Walter died 
22 January 1631-2," the manor being settled on his 
widow Joan for life, with remainder to John Covert, 
son of Sir Walter Covert of 
Maidstone, who in June 1655 
sold the reversion at Joan's 
death to the Hon. Denzil 
Holies of Damerham, after- 
wards Lord Holies, who died 
1680." The manor descended 
his son, Francis, Lord 



to 

Holies." At the death of his 

son Denzil (who had no issue) 

in 1694, the manor reverted 

to John, Duke of Newcastle, 

male heir of the elder branch 

of the family." He sold it in February 1699-1700 

to Philip Frowde,* who in 1713 sold it to Alan 

Brodrick, afterwards Viscount Midleton. 

In 1725 Viscount Midleton was 'expected to 
reside shortly,' and was patron." He died 1728. 
His son Alan, second viscount, died 1747. In his 
time his first cousin Vice- 
Admiral Thomas Brodrick was 
residing at Peper Harow." 
George, the third viscount, son 
of Alan the second, died 1 765. 
He was succeeded by his son 
George, created Baron Brod- 
rick of Peper Harow in the 
peerage of the United King- 
dom. He died 1 836. His son 
George Alan was succeeded 
in 1 848 by his cousin Charles, 
grandson of the third viscount, 
who died in 1863. The 
manor passed to his brother 
the Very Rev. William John Brodrick, who dying in 
1 870 was succeeded by his son William, the late Lord 
Lieutenant of Surrey. Viscount Midleton died in 1 907, 
and was succeeded by his eldest son, the present viscount. 

There is mention in 1 3 5 3 of a manor-house M at 
Peper Harow. It formed for a time the residence of 
William Brocas and his widow Joan, who was buried 
in the church in 1487." The third viscount pulled 
down the old house, but at his death in 1765 the new 
house, which was being built from designs by Sir 
William Chambers, was not completed. It was finished 
by his son when he came of age ten years later, and 
afterwards added to, under the advice of Wyatt. It 
is a plain Italian building, in brick and stucco. 




B BOD RICK, Viscount 
Midleton. Argent a 
chief vert and therein tvjo 
spear-heads argent having 
draft of blood upon them. 



RIEHULL (or Royal hodle) in Peper Harow was a 
very early grant to Waverley Abbey by Ralph the 
sheriff, confirmed by the pope in 1147." It is pre- 
sumably part of the land in Peper Harow of which 
the Earl of Southampton, the grantee of Waverley, 
died seised in 1542. In 1602 Henry Smith, who 
owned Peper Harow, 66 settled ' Ryalls ' on his son 
William on his marriage." 

The property continued with the Smiths till about 
1837, when it passed to Mr. Fielder King, son of 
George and Elizabeth King, under the will of 
Smith, brother of the latter. The King family sold 
the property to Lord Midleton.* 8 

Besides the liberty of warren claimed by Joan 
Braunch and granted to Henry of Guildford, the 
lords of Peper Harow had free fishery, which last was 
reserved by Ralph Brocas in granting a lease of the 
manor. He also claimed hospitality from his tenant 
when he came to the manor to hold his courts. There 
is mention in the survey of 1086 of a mill at Peper 
Harow ; this had fallen into ruins before 1353." 

The church of ST. NICHOLAS is 
CHURCH situated in the park. The churchyard, 
which is beautifully kept, is surrounded 
by trees. The ancient parts of the church are built 
of local sandstone rubble, with dressings of clunch, 
covered with rough plaster ; the modern work is in 
local stone rubble with Caen stone dressings, except 
the tower, which is coursed stone. The roofs are tiled. 

The church consists of a nave about 3 5 ft. by 20 ft., 
and a chancel 1 8 ft. long by 20 ft. wide. These 
represent the extent of the mediaeval building. To 
them in 1826 a western tower was added, replacing the 
wooden bell-turret with shingled spire shown in 
Cracklow's view. A north aisle was added to the nave 
and a mortuary chapel opening out of it to the chancel 
by the then Viscount Midleton in 1847, from the 
designs of the late A. W. Pngin, while in 1877 the 
nave was reroofed and reseated, and a new porch 
added on the south side, to replace one built in 1826. 
There is a vestry on the north of the aisle. These 
successive works have considerably changed the ancient 
aspect of the building ; but even so they have stopped 
short of what was proposed to be done, judging by the 
plate published in Brayley's Surrey. 

The nave is entered through the south porch by an 
ancient round-headed doorway of two plain orders, 
with a hood-mould and impost simply chamfered. 
The only other ancient features in this wall are the 
external south-east quoins of chalk and ?. single-light 
window low down in the wall close ; djoining, with 
an ogee trefoiled head, evidently inserted to light the 
south nave altar, and dating from about 1330; it is 
set in a recess going down to the floor on the inside. 
The two windows to the westward are quite modern. 
In the south wall of the chancel, near to its western 
end, is a low side window renewed in modern stone. 
All the other windows and external features in the 
chancel, chapel, north aisle, and tower are modern. 



a Close, 27 Eliz. pt. xv ; Feet of F. 
Surr. Hil. 35 Eliz. 

Chan. Proc. Elit. S.. 15. 

Feet of F. Surr. Hil. 36 Eliz. 

Ibid. Trin. 3 Jas. I. 

Ibid. Mich. 3 Jas. I ; Close, 3 Jas. I, 
no. 1809. 

46 Chan. Inq. p.m. (Ser. 2), cccclxvii, 
187. *" Close, 1655, pt. xxxvii. 

48 Chan. Decrees Enr. (1313), vi, fol. 



100. He was sued by the administrator 
of the estate of his stepmother Hester, 
for money due for a release of her life 
interest in Peper Harow. 

Feet of F. Surr. Hil. 1 1 WilL III ; 
Luttrell, Brief Historical Relation of State 
Affairs, ii, 496. 

Close, II Will. Ill, pt. iv, no. 5. 

11 Bishop Willis's Visit, at Farnham. 

11 Registers. 

51 



" Chan. Inq. p.m. 27 Edw. Ill (lit 
nos.), no. 61. 

64 Major H tales, ' The Brasses in Peper 
Harow Church,' Surr. Arch. Coll. rii, 34. 

" B.M. Lansd. MS. 27. 

Harl. MS. 1561, fol. 190-1. 

" Chart, at Peper Harow. 

48 Local information. 

" Chan. Inq. p.m. 27 Edw. Ill (irt 
nos.), no. 61. 



A HISTORY OF SURREY 



In the interior the most striking features are the 
much-restored chancel arch and its flanking recesses 
that to the south pierced with a squint dating from 
the middle of the 1 2th century. But though parts of 
the works are old, particularly in the recesses, the whole 
has been so much renewed, with the addition of 
carved shafts and elaborate mouldings, that it possesses 
little interest for archaeologists. The arcade to the 
new aisle, also a very elaborate piece of work, has 
been built to accord with the chancel arch, the 
materials used being chalk and Caen stone, with 
shafts of Irish marble from Lord Midleton's estates 
in that country. 

Within the chancel practically all is new, including 
the sedilia in the south wall, but the piscina is said to 
be a copy of that formerly in existence. The chancel 
and chapel windows,' which are entirely modern, are 
designed in the style of the early part of the 1 4th 
century, and there are also some image niches and other 
features in the new work with much carving about 
them. The roofs, fittings, and glass are also modern. 

The chancel roof is panelled and covered with sacred 
emblems. That of the chapel has quatrefoiled bosses, 
with painting and gilding in the panels. The rere- 
dos, of Caen stone, has five canopied compartments, 
the middle one containing a cross supported by 
angels, and the other four cherubim standing on 
their wheels. 

Besides the monuments to Lord Midleton's family 
in the chapel there are some brasses of ancient date, one 
on the north wall of the chancel to Joan Adderley, 
bearing date 1487. It is fixed in a slab of Sussex 
marble, and represents her in widow's dress kneeling 
at a prayer-desk before a representation of the Blessed 



Trinity with labels inscribed, ' Ihu Mercy Lady 
helpe' and the inscription in black letter : 

Ex vestra caritate orate pro Mima. Johane Adderley 
quondam uxoris Johtfis Adderley quoi/dam Majoris 
Civitatis London', et nup^r uxor;V Wille/mi Brokes, 
armigeri, Patroni istius ecckfie, qae quid^m Johana 
obiit xviij die Novembr/V a 'Domini mcccclxxxvij ; 
cuja/ ai/e propicietur Deus. Amen. 

In front of the altar rails is another slab bearing a 
brass cross which formerly marked the actual place of 
her burial. 

Among the church plate is a paten of 1717 and a 
chalice and paten of peculiar design and uncertain date, 
made at Danzig, Germany. 

There are three bells, all of 1 7th-century date. 

The registers of baptisms begin in 1697, of burials 
in 1 69 8, of marriages in 1699. There is a note at the 
beginning that the old registers were destroyed when 
the rectory house was burnt ' in Dr. Mead's time.' 
He was rector 1661 to 1687. 

The church is not mentioned in 

AD VQ ffSON the Domesday Survey of Peper Harow, 

but it was assessed at 5 in 1 29 1. 60 

The advowson was an appurtenance of the manor, 

with which it has descended till the present day. 

The charities are a rent-change on 
CHARITIES an estate at Shelley in Essex, for the 
use of poor persons, amounting to 30^., 
left by Nicholas Wallis, rector in 1 606 ; and Smith's 
Charity for the relief of aged and infirm persons of good 
character, apprenticing children, portioning maids, &c., 
payable out of the Warbleton estate, Sussex, and 
amounting to about 3 a year or under. 



PUTTENHAM 



Potenham and Putenham (xiii cent.). 

Puttenham is a village on the south side of the 
Hog's Back, 4^ miles west of Guildford, 5^ miles 
east of Farnham. The parish is roughly triangular. 
The base from north-east to south-west is nearly 3 miles 
long; the line from the apex to the middle of the base, 
north-west to south-east, is under 2 miles. The west 
side is longer than the northern side. It contains 
i ,93 1 acres of land and 29 acres of water. The village 
lies in the north-east angle of the parish. The northern 
part of the parish is on the chalk of the Hog's Back 
ridge, though, as is almost invariably the case, the 
village is not on the chalk. The rest of the parish is 
Upper Green Sand, Gault, and Lower Green Sand, 
which is the predominating soil. 

The views from the upper ground are extremely 
picturesque, embracing the Hindhead and Blackdown 
ranges, and extending over Sussex to the South Downs, 
while the foreground is broken and diversified with 
woods and heaths. Puttenham Heath, however, to 
the east of the parish, is mostly covered with turf, and 
a nine-hole golf course has been made on it, with a 
club-house opened in 1897. Puttenham Common, 
to the south-west, is a true heath, covered with heather, 
fern, and furze, and rising to over 300 ft. above the 
sea, with a deep depression between it and the chalk 
to the northward. 

The parish is purely agricultural. Chalk was dug 



on the Hog's Back. The district of the famous Farn- 
ham hops extends into Puttenham. The northern 
boundary of the parish is the road along the ridge of 
the Hog's Back. One sign of the antiquity of the road 
is the frequency with which it forms the old parish 
boundaries. Captain James, R.E., traced the so-called 
Pilgrims' Way through the parish below the chalk. 
It went on as a lane to Scale, and has been converted 
since 1903 into a good road. 

On Puttenham Heath is a fairly large tumulus 
called Frowsbury, which has never been explored. 
Neolithic flints are not uncommon near it. On 
Puttenham Common is a considerable entrenchment, 
with one bank and ditch. It is of about 5 30 ft. on 
the south, east, and west sides, but the north-east 
angle is slightly obtuse, the south-west angle slightly 
acute, so that the east and west sides are not parallel, 
and the north side is shorter than the other. On the 
west there is no distinct bank, and no ditch, but the 
hill falls sharply to a stream in the grounds of Hamp- 
ton Lodge, and has been perhaps artificially scarped. 
The water below is within missile range of the 
entrenchment. Romano-British pottery and a rude 
pavement were found near this, to the north-east, in 
1870. Many neolithic flints have been found on 
the borders of the parish, near Shoelands, a little 
further north. 

There is a cemetery with a chapel on Puttenham 



10 Poft Nict. Tax. (Rec. Com.), 208. 
52 



GODALMING HUNDRED 



PUTTENHAM 



Heath, opened in 1882. The schools were built 
in 1850. 

There are four manors or reputed 

MANORS manors in Puttenham; Puttenham Bury 

and Puttenham Priory moieties of one 

manor, Rodsell and Shoelands. Of these Rodsell 

alone is mentioned in the Domesday Survey. 

The main manor of PUTTENH4M was a member 
of the manor of Bramley in Blackheath Hundred. 1 It 
is uncertain whether it was included with Rodsell in 
1086 or whether the ' two manors' of Wanborough 
recorded in Domesday were Wanborough and Putten- 
ham, or whether it was included in Bramley. It 
seems to have followed the history of Bramley, for 
it was in the king's hands in the 1 2th century, since, 
c. 1199, Geoffrey Bocumton exchanged 15 librates of 
land, which he had had in Puttenham by the king's gift, 
for 1 2 librates of land in Stoke by Guildford. 1 The lands 
of Ralph de Fay, lord of Bramley under Henry II, 
were in 1203 granted to Robert de Barevill.' Robert 
was sued for land in Puttenham by Geoffrey de 
Roinges before the 
time of this grant, 4 
and evidently esta- 
blished his rights, for 
in 1 22 1 the king gave 
Robert de Barevill 
ten oaks towards the 
mcndingand rebuild- 
ing of his houses in 
Puttenham. 6 Ralph 
de Fay's lands were 
restored and descend- 
ed to his son Ralph,' 
who was succeeded by 
John de Fay, his son, 
in 1223.' At John's 
death his lands were 
divided between his 
two sisters, Maud 
wife of Roger de 
Clere and Philippa 
Neville. 8 Puttenham, 
however, had been 
assigned to Ralph de 
Fay's widow Beatrice, 

in dower. It was seized in 1241 owing to her 
excommunication, but restored in 1242. It was 
again taken into the king's hands in 1 246.' Putten- 
ham was then divided between the two sisters, Philippa 
and Maud. Philippa's moiety was afterwards called 
Puttenham Bury, while her sister's portion became 
the manor of Puttenham Priory. 

Philippa Neville gave PUTTENH4M BURY 
with Bramley in free marriage with her daughter 
Beatrice to William of Wintershull. 10 For the next 
300 years Puttenham Bury and Bramley followed 
the descent which is given under Bramley. 11 In 



1541 Edmund Pope, a lineal descendant of Wil- 
liam of Wintershull and his wife Beatrice, sold both 
manors. 11 Bury was purchased in 1541 by Robert 
Lusher of Cheam and his wife Elizabeth, who also 
bought Puttenham Priory in 1 544." His father 
Thomas was holding Shoelands, but Robert predeceased 
him, dying in 1545." His widow Elizabeth, aunt 
of Sir Olliph Leigh (see below), married George 
Beaumont," and retained for life an allowance out of 
Puttenham Bury Manor, 16 and the whole of Puttenham 
Priory, 17 which she leased to her son Thomas Beau- 
mont in 1587."* Robert's son, Nicholas Lusher, died 
26 May 1566, leaving an infant son Nicholas. 19 His 
lands were therefore taken into the queen's hands 
during the minority of the heir. She leased the de- 
mesne lands of Puttenham Bury and Shoelands to Mary, 
Nicholas Lusher's widow. In 1 6 1 o Nicholas, son 
and heir of Nicholas Lusher, and his son Richard sold 
the two manors 'of Puttenham and the manor of 
Shoelands to Sir Olliph Leigh of Addington and his 
brother Sir John Leigh." Sir Olliph died 1612. 




PUTTENHAM COMMON, LOOKING TO HINDHEAD 



His son Sir Francis and the latter's uncle Sir John 
held the estates in coparceny, and demised a part of 
Shoelands to one Nicholas Harding. They then 
divided them, Sir John taking the two Puttenhams, 
and Sir Francis Shoelands. On Sir John's death in 
1624, Sir Francis took the whole. 2 ' Sir Francis 
Leigh, having married Elizabeth daughter and heir 
of William Minterne of Thorpe, conveyed the manor 
of Puttenham Bury in 1625 to his father-in-law for 
life, with reversion to his younger son Francis Leigh, 
and failing his male issue to his elder son Wolley 
Leigh, later an ardent Royalist. William Minterne 



1 Chan. Inq. p.m. 15 Edw. I, no. 15 ; 
bid. (Ser. 2), ii, 7. 

* Rot. dt Oblat. et Fin. (Rec. Com.), 
[ohn, p. 41. 

8 Liberate R. 4 John, m. 6. 
4 Rot. Cur. Regii (Rcc. Com.), ii, 79 ; 
Feet of F. Surr. i John, 19. 

Rot. Lit. Claui. (Rec. Com.), i, 469. 

Tata de Nevill (Rec. Com.), 225 ; 
ltd Bk. ofExcb. ii, 560. 

* Exctrfta t Rot. Fin. (Rec. Com.), i,iO2. 



Ibid. 346, 354. 

Ibid. 355, 448; and Close R. z6 
Hen. Ill, m. IO. 

10 Feet of F. Surr. 33 Hen. Ill, 23. 

11 See under Bramley in Blackheath 
Hund. 

Feet of F. Surr. Trin. 33 Hen. VIII ; 
ibid. Hit. 33 Hen. VIII. 

a Chan. Inq. p.m. (Ser. 2), ciliii, 32. 

14 Exch. luq. p.m. (Ser. 2), bdle. 1094, 
no. 15. 

S3 



15 Surr. Visit. (Harl. Soc.), xliii, 14. 

Harl. Chart. 1 1 1, E. 25. 

W Feet of F. Surr. Trin. 29 Eliz. 

M Ibid. 

11 Chan. Inq. p.m. (Ser. 2), cxliii, 32. 

Harl. Chart, in, E. 25. 

11 Feet of F. Surr. Hil. 7 Jat. 1 5 ibid. 
Eatt. II Jas. I. 

w Feet of F. Surr. Mich. 13 Jas. I ; 
deed of 26 Jan. 1615-16 ; P.C.C. will, 
proved 2; Sept. 1624. 



A HISTORY OF SURREY 



died in 1627, and bequeathed all his lands, with the and her husband sold the manors in 1744 with 
exception of one-half of Shoelands, to Wolley Leigh." Bury Farm to Brigadier-General James Edward Ogle- 

T?..., ~:- T A.nVi KiTrirtry ^i*d in/It-lirM-it- i-KiMrpn in 1^5*7 * 4 rrinrn* fnnnH^r rf tllA rr1r\n\r rtf CZfnrnit *8 T-I*t 



Francis Leigh having died without children in 1637, 
Wolley should have succeeded to all the manors. But 
some rearrangement of trusts must have been made. 
Sir Francis Leigh the father was still alive, and it is 
he who held a court in 1643." Sir Francis died 
1645, and Wolley Leigh very soon after him. In 
1645 the estate was conveyed by Thomas Leigh, 
Wolley's half-brother, or son, to William Leigh, 
another half-brother, 16 whose widow, Lydia Leigh, 
was lady of the manor as early as 1661, and held 
courts up to 1711, when she was buried at Puttenham. 
In 1728 Jasper Jones and his wife Frances were in 
possession of the two manors." Frances was only 
daughter and heir of Francis Leigh of the Middle 
Temple, son of the said William and Lydia. She 




PUTTENHAM 



thorpe, founder of the colony of Georgia.* 8 He 
sold the manors in 1761 to Thomas Parker,* 9 wha 
rebuilt the Manor House, since called the Priory ;. 
but parts of an older house of Elizabethan or 
Jacobean date, including a shaped gable of Bargate 
stone and brick, remain at the back. In 1775 he 
sold the whole property. Admiral Cornish bought 
the Manor House and some other property, and after 
his death in 1 8 1 6 it was sold to his wife's nephew 
Richard Sumner, who died in 1870. His son Mr. 
Morton Cornish Sumner owned it, and died before 
1 880. His widow died recently, and the owner now 
is Mr. Ferdinand F. Smallpeice. The manors were 
bought by Mr. Nathaniel Snell, from whom they 
were bought by Mr. E. B. Long with Hampton 
Lodge in 1 799. He was 
succeeded by Mr. H. L. 
Long and by Mr. Mow- 
bray Howard of Hamp- 
ton Lodge, vide infra. 
Mr. F. F. Smallpeice has 
since bought the manors. 
P UTTE N HAM 
PRIORY or PRIOR 
was the moiety of the 
original manor of Putten- 
ham which Maud de Fay, 
one of the sisters of John 
de Fay, inherited. She 
granted it in 1248 to the 
Priory of Newark by 
Guildford. 30 In 1279 the 
prior claimed assize of 
bread and ale and view 
of frankpledge in his 
manor of Puttenham." 

At the time of the sur- 
render of the priory in 
1538 the farm of the 
manor of Puttenham was 
6." The king thus 
being in possession of the 
manor as part of the 
lands late of Newark 
Priory, granted it to 
Edward Elrington and 
Humphrey Metcalfe in 
exchange for other lands 
in various counties. 33 On 
the sites of Puttenham 
and other manors granted 
at the same time there 
grew two hundred oaks 
and elms, 'part timber 
and most part usually 
croppyd and shrude of 
sixty and eighty years 
Sgrowthe,' of which a great 
many were reserved ' by 



38 Chan. Inq. p.m. (Ser. 2), ccccxxxviii, half-brother Thomas, but this is incor 
125. Bridget wife of William Mintcrne rect. 
was also to have a life interest in half of 
Shoelands. 

34 Surr. Arch. Coll. vii, pt. i, p. in. 

"' Manning and Bray, op. cit. ii, 17, 



, . . , , 
think that it was Francis son of Wolley's 



36 Feet of F. Surr. Mich. 21 Chas. I ; 
Recov. R. East. 24 Chas. I. 

*> Feet of F. Surr. Mich. 2 Ceo. II. 
28 Close, 19 Geo. II, pt. i, no. 26. 
38 Feet of F. Surr. Mich. 2 Geo. III. 



54 



80 Feet of F. Surr. 32 Hen. Ill, 35. 

81 Plac. de Quo Warr. (Rcc. Com.), 
747- 

82 Dugdale, Man. vi, 384. 

88 L. and P. Hen. VIII, xix (i), 441 
(16). 



GODALMING HUNDRED 



PUTTENHAM 



custome of olde tyme ' to the farmer for the repair 
of the houses on the manors * 4 (for which compare 
the grant by Henry III to Robert de Barevill, above). 
In 1544 Edward EIrington and Humphrey Metcalfe 
sold the manor to Robert and Elizabeth Lusher, then 
owners of Puttenham Bury. Thenceforward the two 
manors generally follow the same descent. 

The lords of Puttenham Priory seem to have had 
view of frankpledge and assize of bread and ale in 
their manor." William of Wintershull and his wife 
Beatrice also had view of frankpledge in Putten- 
ham.* 6 Both Puttenham Bury and Priory had courts 
baron." 

RODSELL lies to the south of the parish between 
Shackleford in Godalming and Cut Mill. Under 
Edward the Confessor Tovi held it. Bishop Odo of 
Bayeux held it in demesne after the Conquest,* 8 and 
added it to the land which he held out in farm at 
Bramley.* 9 The bishop's lands fell to the Crown at 
his final exile, and with them Bramley. The history of 
the holding from this time is obscure. In 1273 William 
Palmer of Rodsell obtained from John son of William 
3. lease for life of a messuage and half a virgate of land 
in Puttenham.' In 1508 William Lusher held the 
manor of ' Redsale ' (evidently 
Rodsell by the context)." In 
1568 William Lusher, son and 
heir of George Lusher, had a 
rent-charge on lands in Rod- 
sell and Puttenham. 4 ' Richard 
Wyatt purchased lands in Put- 
tenham from Sir John and Sir 
Francis Leigh, who were con- 
nected by marriage with the 
Lushers, 4 * and Richard's son 
Francis Wyatt died in 1634 
holding the manor and farm 
of Rodsell, 44 which he had 
settled on his wife Timothea 

in April 1621." He also held the wood called 
Prior's Wood in Puttenham and Compton. His 
son Richard entered upon the manor after his mother's 
death. 46 He died in June 1645, leaving a younger 
brother Francis, who was his heir. 47 Francis died 
in 1673. His son Francis died in 1723, having 
survived his son, also Francis, who died in 1713, aged 
twenty-six. The latter's elder son Richard married 
Susan daughter of Sir Thomas Molyneux of Loseley, 
and died s.p. in 1753. His younger brother Wil- 
liam died in 1775, and his son Richard in 1784. 
Richard son of Richard died unmarried in 1816. 
His heir, another Richard, of Horsted Keynes, sold 
Rodsell in 1819 to Edward Beeston Long, who was 
followed by his son Henry Lawes Long of Hampton 
Lodge. 49 It is now the property of Mr. Mowbray 
Howard of Hampton Lodge. 

SHOELANDS (Sholaund, xiii cent. ; Sheweland, 




LUSHF.R. Gules three 
martltti or and a chief or 
with three molets azure 
therein. 



xvi cent. ; Sholand and Shoeland, xvii and xviii 
cents.) was probably a sub-manor of Burgham, for 
its tenants paid rent to the lord of Burgham. 49 In 
1235 Ralph Attewood granted to John de Fay land 
in Shoelands. 50 The lords of Burgham in 1251 were 
William of Wintershull and Beatrice his wife," and 
when, at that date, Peter de Ryvall granted a carucate 
of land and 5;. rent in Shoelands and Puttenham to 
the Prior and church of Selborne, co. Han's, forever, 
William of Wintershull and his wife confirmed the 
land to the priory to be held of them and their 
heirs by rent of a gilded spur yearly within a week 
of the Nativity of John the Baptist (J une 24)." 
The rent of the gilded spur is mentioned in an ex- 
tent of the Wintershulls" lands dated 1287. The 
men of the priory in Shoelands and Puttenham 
were to be free from view of frankpledge. At the 
same time William and Beatrice released to the prior 
all their claim to the road which led from a certain 
close (hega) at ' Otteford,' before the prior's gate at 
Shoelands as far as the house of Ralph Du Bois." 
This was probably a right of way to the main road 
in the Down, up the existing steep and certainly 
ancient lane. 

For some time the priory remained in possession 
of Shoelands, paying an annual rent of 6J., M probably 
in lieu of the gilded spurs. In 1338 Ralph Poynaunt 
incurred the greater excommunication for stealing an 
ox from the manor of the Prior and convent of Selborne 
at ' Schoulonde.' " The priory was suppressed owing 
to its poverty, and by Waynflete's influence added 
to the foundation of Magdalen College in I484. 56 
Thomas Lusher was tenant of some Hampshire lands 
under the priory, 1462, and just before the foun- 
dation of Magdalen Shoelands had been granted for 
life to Richard Lusher." Apparently it was somehow 
retained, for it never belonged to Magdalen, and William 
Lusher was seised of it late in the I 5th century. From 
him it descended to his son Thomas. Thomas's son 
Robert, the purchaser of the Puttenham manors, pre- 
deceased his father in 1545, leaving a son Nicholas 
aged ten. 58 After Thomas's death his grandson Nicholas 
entered upon the manor, and in 1561 was sued by 
his uncle William for a rent from the manor, which 
he claimed as bequeathed him by Robert. 5 ' After 
the death of Nicholas Lusher in 1566 Shoelands was 
taken into the queen's hands, the demesne lands being 
leased with those of Puttenham Bury to Mary 
Lusher, 60 Nicholas's widow. Their son Nichoks was 
knighted after 1580, and his son Richard Lasher of 
Shoelands was admitted as a student at the Inner 
Temple in 1602. Shoelands seems to have been sold 
with Puttenham Bury and Priory to Sir Olliph and 
Sir John Leigh. Sir Francis, the son of the former (see 
Puttenham Bury), conveyed a moiety of it in February 
1615-16 to William Minterne to the use of his wife 
Bridget Minterne, with remainder to Francis Leigh and 



M Partic. of Grants, Aug. 
Hen.VIII.no. 411, E. 6. 

84 Plac. de Quo Warr. (Rec. Com.), 

747- 

88 Feet of F. Surr. 35 Hen. Ill, 24. 
8 ' Harl. Chart, in, E. 25. 
** Y.C.H.Surr.\, 301*. 
Ibid. 3023. 

40 Feet of F. Surr. 2 Edw. I, 14. 

41 De Banco R. East. 23 Hen. VII. 
Feet of F. Surr. Hil. 1 1 Eliz. 

43 Will of Francis Wyatt, proved Lond. 
10 Feb. 1635. 



Off. 44 Chan. Inq. p.m. (Ser. 2), cccclxxiii, 



90. 

45 Ibid. 

49 Ibid, mxxxvii, 12. 

4 ? Ibid, mxxiv, 34. 

48 Brayley, Hitt.ofSurr. v, 239. 

4> Chart, of Selborne Priory (Hants 
Rec. Soc.}, 1891, p. 117. 

60 Plac. de jur. and Assiz. 19-20 
Hen. Ill, Calendar 21 (xlix), 85. 

61 Chan. Inq. p.m. 15 Edw. I, IJ. 

SJ Feet of F. Surr. 35 Hen. Ill, no. 
3, 24. 

55 



48 Ibid. In 1198-9 Thurbert Du Bois 
leased a virgate of land in Puttenham to 
a certain Richard le Curt ; ibid, xo Ric. I, 

34- 

M Chart, of Selborne Priory (Hants 
Rec. Soc.), 1891, p. 117. 
M Ibid. 89. 

68 See V.C.H. Hants, ii, 179. 

'7 Doc. of Selborne at Magdalen Col- 
lege, Oxford. 

69 Chan. Inq. p.m. (Ser. 2), Ixxzv, 55. 
69 Chan. Proc. (Ser. 2), ex, 13. 

80 Harl. Chart, ill, E. 25. 



A HISTORY OF SURREY 



contingent remainder to Wolley Leigh. 61 Wolley 
Leigh died seised of the reversion of this portion of 
the manor, 61 his grandmother Bridget Minterne and 
his father Sir Francis Leigh being still alive, and of 
the other half on his father's death. 

Sir Thomas Leigh, Wolley Leigh's son apparently, 
dealt with one moiety only 
in 1 66 1, 63 and again in i66f,. M 
Sir Thomas Leigh died in 
1677, leaving a son Sir John 
Leigh, bart. He was suc- 
ceeded about 1692 by his son 
Sir John Leigh, born 1681, 
married 1700, and in 1703 
a recovery was suffered by Sir 
John to Sir Stephen Lennard, 
father of his son's wifi." He 
died in 1 737. The recovery 
probably barred the entail, 
and Shoelands is not specifi- 
cally mentioned in the last Sir John's will. 

The other moiety was apparently sold to John 
Caryll of Tangley, whose son-in-law Henry Ludlow 
was in possession in l695. 66 It descended in his 
family till 1767, when the whole manor apparently 
was part of the property assigned to Giles Strangways. 67 
He sold it to the tenant, Francis Simmonds, whose 
grandson Thomas, a yeoman farmer, was the owner in 
i8o6. M In 1823 he sold to Mr. E. H. Long, and 
the property has passed, as Puttenham, to Mr. Mow- 
bray Howard. Thomas Packington, who has been 
described as an owner, was merely a tenant about 




LEIGH. Or a cheveron 
sable 'with three lions ar- 
gent thereon. 



Shoelands House bears the date 1616 or 1618 over 
the porch. The date has been replaced after removal. 
The house was therefore partly built by William Min- 
terne or his son-in-law Sir Francis Leigh, or by Thomas 
Packington (of Shoelands in Visitation of 1623). It 
has a fine mullioned window, blocked now, to the 
south, an old chimney-stack on the same side, and a 
Jacobean staircase with good carving of about the 
same date. This work probably marks a rebuilding 
of an older house, when the 
staircase was put in to reach 
rooms built over an old high 
hall the rafters of which are 
visible in one place in the wall 
of an upper room. 

There are no mills given in 
the survey of Rodsell 70 in 1 086, 
though there are five given 
under Bramley. 71 In 1587 
there were no fewer than four 
mills in Puttenham Priory, 72 
and about the same time there 
was one water-mill in Putten- 
ham Bury Manor." This may 
have been Cutt Mill, which 
was afterwards in the possession 
of Francis and Richard Wyatt. 74 



The family of Frollebury seems to have been of 
some importance in Puttenham during Jhe 131)1 and 
I4th centuries. In 1296 William Frollebury and 
his wife Joan had two messuages and land there, 
which they held of Thomas son of William Frolle- 
bury. 76 Stephen Frollebury and his wife Katharine 
held the same land in 1 340." Frollesbury is an 
existing house in Puttenham. 

The church of ST. JOHN THE 
CHURCH BAPTIST stands high above the road, 
the ground rising in steep banks round 
it on the south and east. The churchyard, which is 
bordered on the south by a low wall and the grounds 
of the manor-house (commonly called Puttenham 
Priory) has some fine trees and shrubs, and is carefully 
kept. 

The building is of local sandstone rubble with dress- 
ings of hard chalk, mostly replaced on the outside by 
Bath stone ; parts of the north aisle and the chancel are 
plastered, and the roofs are tiled. In plan the church 
consists of a long and very narrow nave 5 2 ft. 3 in. 
by 1 6 ft. 9 in., and chancel 29 ft. 2 in. by 1 2 ft. 6 in.; 
these probably representthe extent of theearly church. 763 
On the north of the nave is an aisle about 7 ft. wide, 
opening to the nave by an arcade of four arches, repre- 
senting the first extension in the latter part of the 1 2th 
century : and on the north of the chancel is a chapel 
29 ft. 7 in. by I 3 ft. 6 in., partly opened to the chan- 
cel by a pair of small arches an addition of about 
1 200. 

At the eastern end of the south side of the nave 
is a transeptal chapel, 1 2 ft. square, added about 
1330 ; and the west tower, very large and massive 
in proportion to the church, dates from the early 
part of the I jth century. The south porch in its 
present form is modern, dating from the general re- 
storation of the building in 1 86 1. The north chapel 
seems to have been largely rebuilt at the beginning of 
the igth century. 

Judging by the different levels of the arcade bases, 
which increase in height from west to east, the ancient 
floor of the nave must have been laid on an inclined 




PUTTENHAM : SHOELANDS MANOR HOUSE 



61 Chan. Inq. p.m. (Ser. 2), ccccxxxviii, 
125. 6S Ibid, mxxiv, i. 

68 Feet of F. Div. Co. East. 13 
Cha. II. 

"Ibid. Trin. 17 Chas. II. 

85 Recov. R. Hil. 2 Anne. 

< Feet of F. SUIT. East. 7 Will. III. 

8 ' For detailed descent see under Bram- 



68 Manning and Bray, Hist, of Surr. ii, 
19. 

Chan. Proc. 1621-5 (Ser. i), bdle. 
364, no. 1 6. 

V V.C.H. Surr. i, 301*. 

1* Ibid. 3010. 

T 5 Feet of F. Surr. Trin. 29 Eliz. Not 
necessarily separate buildings, but possibly 
four separate mill-stones. 

56 



7 Harl. Chart, in, E. 25. 

1* Chan. Inq. p.m. (Ser. 2), cccclxxiii, 
90 ; mxxiv, 34. 

" 5 Feet of F. Surr. 24 Edw. I, 3. 

7'Ibid. 13 Edw. Ill, 1 6. 

? te Cf. the plan of the neighbouring 
church of Compton, where the nucleus of 
a pre-Conquest plan has survived through 
later alterations. 



GODALMING HUNDRED 



PUTTENHAM 



plane, following the natural slope of the ground, and 
there is reason to believe that this sloping floor remained 
till 1861. 

The church is entered from the south by a round- 
headed doorway built of clunch, very much retooled. 
It is of two moulded orders, the outer standing upon 
a shaft with square abacus and scalloped capital of 
unusual design. The abacus is continued as an impost 
moulding across the inner order of jamb and arch, 
which are plain except for a quirked bead on the angle. 
A round-headed window to the west appears to be 
modern, but may be a copy of one found at the resto- 
ration ; and the traceried windows to the east of the 
porch are quite modern. The north arcade, in chalk 
or clunch, is of four semicircular arches of a single 
square order without a label, an unusual number, neces- 
sitated by the lowness of the wall through which 
they were pierced : a diminutive arch has been pierced 
through the east respond at the restoration. The 
piers are circular and their bases have square sub-bases 
with angle spurs and chamfered plinths. The capitals 
are square, with chamfered abaci and somewhat irre- 
gular scalloping of the common pattern, the capital of the 
west respond only differing from the others in having 
the scalloping concave with a small round-topped 



touched up. The last-named seems to have been rebated 
for a shutter. The thinness of the transept walls 
(l ft. 10 in.) is exceptional. 

The date of the chancel arch is if anything some- 
what earlier than that of the chancel, which may be 
placed at about I zoo. It is pointed, of two orders 
chamfered like the jambs, which have no shafts, but 
only an impost moulding at the springing. Its setting 
out on plan shows some irregularity. A string-course 
of a round section remains within the chancel, and on 
the north side are the two arches to the chapel. These 
are of one pointed order, with narrow chamfers, and 
the central column has a circular moulded capital and 
base. The east window and the buttresses flanking it 
are modern,>but the two eastern windows in the south 
wall are apparently restorations, and follow the lines of 
the east window of the transept. An 18th-century 
engraving shows three-light windows in the east walls 
of the chancel and north chapel, both apparently 
of early 14th-century character. The two eastern 
windows in the south wall of the chancel, now 
restored in stone, are shown as plain wooden 
frames in this old view. The piscina is also restored. 
The window in the western part of the south wall 
of the chancel is ancient, built of chalk, and dates 




C.116O BBc.<4oo 

c.1200 CUD 1800-61 



Scale of feet 

PUTTENHAM CHURCH 



GROUND PLAN 



cresting just above the necking. 76b The modern 
plastering is cut with scalloped edging round the arches 
an ancient feature found at Compton, but here 
probably only borrowed. There are no ancient 
windows in the aisle, which is lit by dormers of modern 
date, and the door in the north wall is modern. 

The west tower wears a somewhat battered appear- 
ance from the friable nature of the sandstone of 
which it is built, and most of the windows and other 
dressings inside and out, including the lofty arch to 
the nave, have been renewed in Bath stone. It has a 
large square stair-turret on the south side, and is 
finished by a plain parapet of modern date. 

The transept chapel, which is shown in Cracklow's 
view (c. 1824) as having a large square window with a 
wooden frame in its south wall, now has a poor three- 
light traceried opening of discordant character in its 
place ; but the three-light window in its east wall and 
the small single-light opening to the west are ori- 
ginal early 14th-century features, though a good deal 



from about 1400. It is of three lights with six small 
lights over, under a square hood-moulding, which 
terminates on one side in the bust of an angel and 
on the other in that of a mitred bishop or abbot. 
The westernmost of the three lights has its sill 
lowered in a very peculiar manner to serve as a low side 
window a feature very noticeable in Cracklow's view. 
This light alone retains the original iron stanchions 
and cross-bars, and the lower part has the mullions 
rebated for a shutter. 

The windows in the north wall and the door in 
the east wall of the north chapel are insertions of the 
early part of the igth century, the former probably 
replacing lancets. A blocked recess with an oak lintel 
in its west wall seems to have been a door of commu- 
nication between the chapel and the aisle. The floor 
of the chapel is raised above that of the chancel, and 
there is a platform or altar-pace at the east end. 
The roof is ceiled. 

Both the nave and the chancel roofs are ancient and 



~ 6b One of the capitals at Compton it 
precisely similar, and there are others very 
like it at Rustington and Sompting, Sussex. 



The lame masons must have worked in 
and out of the two counties, as at Alfold 
and other Surrey churches there is a 

57 



striking resemblance to features in the 
sister county. 



A HISTORY OF SURREY 



of massive oak timbers. The chancel roof, of rafters, 
collars and struts, has large moulded plates and tie- 
beams excessively cambered, and is perhaps of 14th- 
century date. 

The font, seating, quire stalls, and other fittings are 
all modern, and a very large organ, bracketed out 
overhead, blocks up the narrow chancel. 77 The altar 
is well raised, as, owing to the site, there are four steps 
between the sacrarium and the nave. 

In the chancel is the small brass of a priest in mass 
vestments inscribed : ' Hie jacet dns Edward' Cranford' 
quonda' Rector isti' Ecclie'. qui obijt viij die mens' 
August! Anno dm MillO. cccc. xxxj cui' aie p'piciet' 
deus. Amen.' 

In the north chapel is a small stone with indents of 
man and wife and the brass inscription below ; the 
date may be about '1504"": 'Hie jacent Ricardus 
Lussher et Etheldreda uxor ejus quorum animabus 
propicietur Deus. 1 

Also a large slab of Sussex marble bearing in Roman 
capitals the inscription : ' Hie jacet sepultn corpus 
dominse Dorotheae unius filiarum JohfS Hunt de 
lindon in Com. Rutland armigeri nup' uxoris charis- 
simae Nicholai Lussher militis cui quatuor pep'it filios 
totidemque puellas nempe Ricardn, Gulielmfi Nichos 
laO, Mariam et AnnS adhuc superstites JohaTIem 
Janam et JohSnam, in cunabilis defunctos, et de hac 
vita decessit 1 8 Feb : 1 604 orans ut ignoscat ei peccata 
sua Omnipotens et Misericors Dominus.' 

Aubrey gives another inscription as existing in his 
day on a slab in the north chapel to Nicholas Lusher 
of Shoeland, esq., son and heir of Robert Lusher, 
who died in 1566. 

There is also a small brass, with the arms of Wyatt 
impaling Burrell, to Francis Wyatt, 1634, now set ' n a 
marble slab on the chancel wall ; it came from a stone 
in the middle of the north chapel, which formed the 
burial spot of the Wyatts of Rodsell. 

Fixed to the sill of the westernmost window of the 
chancel is an oblong brass plate, with an inscription 
to the memory of Henry Beedell and his son Henry, 
both rectors of Puttenham, who died respectively in 
1636 and 1692. Besides these there are one or two 
ledgers bearing heraldry and some marble tablets 
of more recent dates. 

The registers date from 1562. 

The only ancient pieces of church plate a silver 
cup and paten, dated respectively 1636 and 1674, are 
of interest from their association with the Beedells, 
father and son. The paten is known to have been 
given by the son, ' who gave back to the church the 
alienated or chantry lands which his father, the pre- 
ceding rector, had purchased. Perhaps he also gave 
the cup." 7b 

The bells are all modern. 

There was no church here at the 

ADVQWSQN time of the Domesday Survey so far as 

is known. The advowson probably be- 



longed subsequently to the lord of the manor. The 
king seems to have possessed it before 1305, when he 
granted it with Shalford, Wonersh, and Dunsfold 
churches to the Hospital of St. Mary without Bishops- 
gate. 78 In 1342 the prior and brethren of the hospital 
had licence to appropriate the churches of Puttenham 
and Dunsfold, 79 but apparently the appropriation was 
never carried out, for the living was a rectory in 1535. 
The annual pension due from the rectory at this time 
was 2O/. 80 In 1537 Thomas Elliott obtained a lease 
of this pension together with Shalford rectory for 
ninety-nine years. 81 St. Mary without Bishopsgate 
was taken into the king's hand at the time of the Dis- 
solution, but when Queen Elizabeth granted Shalford 
Rectory to John Wolley 81 she retained the advowson 
of Puttenham, which has ever since belonged to the 
Crown. In 1694 Thomas Swift, Jonathan Swift's 
' little parson cousin,' became rector. 

Richard Lusher presented the parsonage to the 
church. His gift consisted of a house, garden, and croft 
lying on ' Gildowne,' and half an acre of land at Rods- 
mill (Rodsell) in a field called the ' Pece.' They were 
given to the parson on condition that he should sing 
or say thirty masses yearly in the parish church, and also 
a Placebo and Dirige on Thursday before the Nativity 
of the Virgin Mary (September S). 83 After the sup- 
pression of chantries by Edward VI these premises 
were leased by the king to Henry Foisted and William 
More. No provision seems to have been made for 
the parsonage till Henry Beedell, rector early in the 
1 7th century, bought back the parsonage, which his 
son Henry, who succeeded his father as rector, gave 
to the parish, 84 confirming the gift in his will. 84 The 
two Henry Beedells, father and son, held the living 
from 1598 to 1692. 

Manning and Bray quote a will in the Archdeacon's 
office, by which a certain Stephen Burdon, an inn- 
keeper of Southwark in 1503, directed 61. 8d. to be 
paid for an image of St. Roke to be given to Putten- 
ham Church. 86 

In 1725 the return was that there was no chapel, 
no lecturer, no curate, no Papist, one Quaker, no 
gentleman, ' nor any school but what teaches children 
to read and write.' 86a 

The charities are Smith's Charity, 
CHARITIES founded 1627 for the relief of the 
deserving poor, and a small sum em- 
ployed in the same way from the rent of the golf-links. 

Mr. Richard Wyatt, 1619, left two nominations to 
the Carpenters' Company's Almshouses at Godalming 
to this parish. 

Mr. Robert Avenell, 1733, left money with a trus- 
tee for the relief of the deserving poor, but this seems 
to have disappeared. 

In 1725, in answer to Bishop Willis's Visitation, the 
churchwardens returned that there were rents of about 
4 from lands called the Church Lands applied to the 
relief of the poor. 



77 The present font is the successor 
of that described in Manning and Bray's 
Surr. as 'of a square form, of free- 
itone.' 

77" Richard Lusher' s will was proved 
1504; P.C.C. Holgrave, ig. 



" b Rev. T. S. Cooper, in Surr. Arch. 
Coll. x, 343. 

7 s Chart. R. 33 Edw. I, m. 49. 

7 Cal. Pat. 1340-3, p. 410. 

8 Valor Eccl. (Rec. Com.), ii, 28. 

81 Misc. Bks.(Land Rev.), vol. 1 90, p.i68. 

ra Pat. 32 Eliz. pt. 17. 



M Partic. of Sales of Colleges, Misc. Bks. 
(Aug. Off.), vol. 68, p. 56. 

84 Monumental inscription in Putten- 
ham Church. 

85 Proved 20 July 1693. 
88 Hist, of Surr. ii, 20 
86a Willis' Visitation. 



GODALMING HUNDRED 



THURSLEY 



THURSLEY 



Thoreseley (xiv cent.). 

Thursley was originally a part of the parish of Witley. 
The length of the old parish was about 6 miles from 
north to south, about 2 miles wide in the northern part, 
tapering to the south and inclosing the town of 
Haslemere in an elbow at the extreme south. The 
boundary was here altered in 1902, by order of the 
Local Government Board, 7 March 1902, part of 
Thursley, covering 392 acres, which had been much 
built over by the extension of Haslemere, being 
transferred to Haslemere parish. 

The area of the parish is now 3,986 acres, 1,202 of 
which are heath land, and 29 water. The parish is 
traversed throughout its length by the London and 
Portsmouth road, which rises in easy slopes for over 
2 miles from Thursley Common to the top of 
Hindhead, 903 ft., or by another survey 895 ft., above 
the sea. 

The road winds below the top of the hill along 
the edge of the great hollow called vulgarly the 
Devil's Punch Bowl. The old name was Haccombe, 
i.e. Highcombe, Bottom. The old road was higher 
up the slope near the top ; it can still easily be seen. 
The stone marking the site of the murder of a sailor 
of name unknown, by three fellow travellers in 
September 1786, is now by the side of the new road. 
But the crime was committed upon the old road, 
which was diverted in 1826. The murder is further 
commemorated by a tombstone, with a bas-relief of 
the act, in Thursley Churchyard. The perpetrators 
were hung in chains on a gibbet by the side of the 
road, pictures of which exist. The whole district 
was formerly extremely wild and dangerous. Pepys 
travelling in Surrey in 1668 engaged a guide to 
conduct him over the road from Guildford to 
Petersfield. This was a mere track. A properly 
metalled road was made first in accordance with an 
Act of Parliament of 1749 f r completing the road 
from Kingston to Petersfield. The road which 
branches off from Hindhead to Haslemere and into 
Sussex, to Midhurst, was made at the same time. The 
view from Hindhead challenges comparison with any 
in the south of England. Though not so extensive 
as that from Leith Hill, which including the Tower 
is 60 ft. higher, the foreground is more broken and 
diversified. The whole western half of the South 
Downs lies in front to the south, the Hampshire 
chalk hills to the west, the whole country to the 
Thames Valley is overlooked northwards. The 
advanced position of the hill, jutting out south- 
ward from the Green Sand range of Surrey, yields 
a view eastward along the middle of the Weald, 
with the Leith Hill range on one hand, the South 
Downs on the other, and Crowborough Beacon, 
in Sussex, appearing in the blue distance beyond. 
Till some forty years ago the spot was still desolate. 
The ' Royal Huts," the old inn, was the only house 
except two or three cottages which stood near it. 
Since then, Professor Tyndall having led the way, 
many houses have been built, but not on the top 
of the hill, and not generally in Thursley parish. 
The summit, and all the beautiful open common 
to the north, has been preserved as open space, by 



the purchase of this part of the waste of the manor 
of Witley, from the representatives of the late Mr. 
Whitaker Wright, by subscribers for the Commons 
Preservation Society (1905). Thursley is still a 
purely rural parish ; there is a small village near the 
church, and a small collection of houses at Bowlhead 
Green, where a Congregational chapel was built in 
1865. The picturesqueness of the parish is not 
exhausted with Hindhead. The view from the 
churchyard westward is very fine, and the valley of 
Cosford is very beautiful. 

The soil is the Lower Green Sand almost entirely ; 
the parish merely touches the Atherfield and Wealden 
clays on part of its south-east border. The Hammer 
Ponds, which formerly worked iron forges and a furnace 
owned by the Smiths of Rake, Witley, are partly in the 
parish. On the common, but in Frensham parish, are 
the curious conical sand-hills called the Devil's Jumps. 
They are natural, not, as has been supposed, barrows. 
Neolithic implements have been found, an axe-head by 
Mr. lolo Williams, now in the Charterhouse Museum, 
some arrow-heads and flakes, also in the Charterhouse 
Museum. The farm near the church seems to belong 
to the 1 6th century in the back part and interior. 
The principal landowners are Mr. R. W. Webb 
of Milford House, Witley ; the Earl of Derby, 
Captain Rushbrooke of Cosford, Mr. Yalden H. 
Knowles, and Mrs. Gooch. 

There has never been a separate manor of Thursley, 
but the manor of Witley extends over the parish. 
In the 1 6th century tenants of Witley Manor were 
holding lands at Jordans, Robyns, Bagleys, and else- 
where in the ' hamlet ' of Thursley. 1 

The church of ST. MICHAEL* 
CHURCH THURSLEr, was originally a chapel- 
of-ease to Witley. The mother church 
is mentioned in Domesday, but this is not, making 
it a matter of doubt whether there was a chapel on 
the site prior to about noo, which is the approxi- 
mate date of the earliest features in the existing 
building. There are a number of 1 8th and igth- 
century monuments in the churchyard, among which 
is the famous 'sailor's tomb,' mentioned above. 

The church is constructed of Bargate stone rubble 
with Bargate stone and chalk dressings in the old 
parts. The same rubble, with dressings of Bath stone 




Pl&n&s 

before 

1860 

Scale oi 



ST. MICHAEL, THURSLEY : PLAN AS BEFORE THE 
ENLARGEMENTS OF 1860, ETC. 



1 Misc. Bks. (Land Rev.), vol. 290, fol. 129. 



59 



A HISTORY OF SURREY 



and some red brick, is employed for the new work. 
Before enlargement there was a nave 38 ft. 3 in. by 
2 1 ft., and a chancel 1 8 ft. by 1 6 ft. 9 in., separated by 
an arch, and with a porch on the south of the nave. 
Rising out of the centre of the nave, was and 
happily still is a slender timber bell-turret, with 
graceful shingled spire standing upon four enormous 
baulks of moulded timber, which rest upon the nave 
floor, and are tied together with braces. The 
whole turret closely resembles that of the west end 
of Alfold Church in this neighbourhood, and the two 
were doubtless erected, about 1500, by the same 
hands. 

Until about the year 1860 the proportions of the 
simple early building of about 1 100 remained unal- 
tered, save for the addition of this timber turret and 
spire (which, however, made no alteration in the 
area occupied by the nave and chancel) ; at that time 
the church received its first enlargement by the 
addition of a short aisle and a vestry on the north of 
the nave ; new windows were inserted in the west 
and east walls and on the south of the nave, and the 
church was reseated, a gallery being retained at the 
west end. In 1883-4 tne nave was lengthened 
westwards, and a transept, baptistery, and porch added 
on the south of the nave, the additions involving the 
removal of the old west wall and part of the south 
wall. The accompanying plan, drawn with the help 
of one taken before the 1860 alterations, shows some 
of the ancient features that still remain, as well as 
those that have been removed in the successive 
enlargements. 




CHANCEL ARCH, THURSLEY (FURNITURE OMITTED) 

60 



The turret and its spire are shingled, and on the 
south side of the former is a large old sundial, in 
place of a clock, bearing the inscription, ' Hora pars 
vitae.' The body of the turret has been heightened 
3 ft. Its timbers are remarkably massive as seen from 
within the nave. Four huge uprights, worked with 
a series of hollow chamfers, and measuring on the 
square about 2 ft. 6 in., rise from the nave floor, and 
great arches of oak spring from them and span the 
nave. These arches, which are four-centred or 
elliptical in outline, have a hollow chamfer on the 
edges, and between them are two other arches of 
similar shape, but rising from a beam on either side 
(north and south), carried by a low four-centred 
arch. 

The nave retains only one of its original windows, 
a small round-headed opening, somewhat widely 
splayed, in the eastern part of the north wall. It 
was preserved when the church was enlarged, and 
now looks into the aisle. Originally there was a 
similar window to the westward and a small door 
between in this wall, probably matched by others in 
the opposite wall ; and in the west end the outline 
of a round-headed opening was noticeable until the 
last extension. The south wall seems to have been 
altered about the middle of the 1 3th century, when 
a lancet and doorway took the place of the earlier 
features. Later still, perhaps in the 1 5th century, 
a two-light opening was inserted in the eastern part 
of the south wall, destroying another early window, 
and this and a similar insertion in the east wall of the 
chancel seem to have been fitted with wooden frames 
in place of the stone tracery early 
in the igth century. 

The chancel arch, built of hard 
chalk, is of mid- 13th-century date. 
Its piers are square to a height 
of 4 or 5 ft. from the floor, and 
then rise in two chamfered orders, 
with pyramidal stops at the base, 
the chamfers continuing without 
any break round the arch. This 
arrangement suggests that there 
was originally a low screen stand- 
ing in the opening. There are 
at present the lower parts of a 
15th-century screen, which has 
been deprived of its traceried 
upper half. The arch should be 
compared with one of similar 
date and character in West Clan- 
don Church, near Guildford. In 
the north-east angle of the nave 
is a moulded bracket of black 
marble which looks as if it had 
carried the beam for the rood, 
independently of the low screen. 

The north wall of the chancel 
is strangely devoid of features, " 
there being no window, door, or 
aumbry therein. There is a break 
in the wall horizontally near the 
top, which is much thinner. In 
the south wall are two lancets of 
about 1250, the openings of which 
appear to have been widened at 
some time, and the western, which 
was a low side window and has 



GODALMING HUNDRED 



had its head raised since Cracklow's view of 1823 
was taken. In the eastern part of the same wall is 
a small piscina of 1250. 

Both in the nave and chancel the roofs are mostly 
ancient, the timbers of black oak, very massive and 
in good preservation ; some of the beams are of 
unusual size for so small a building. There are some 
slight remains of plain 15th-century seats, worked in 
with new material, in the chancel. 

The font is the original, a large circular tub-shaped 
block of hard Bargate stone, brownish-orange in 
colour, and quite plain save for a band of cheveron 
or arrow-head ornament incised round the rim, and 
a little lower down a projecting moulding of circular 
section, which may have served the practical purpose 
of giving a grip to the chain or rope by which this 
huge block was hoisted about between the quarry 
and the church. This font appears to belong to an 
early group in Surrey and Sussex, in which are 
comprised Tangmere (with a circular moulding), 
Alfold, Yapton and Walberton, the last two showing 
similar incised ornamentation to the rims. 

Of the three bells one is mediaeval, with an unde- 
cipherable black-letter inscription, the others are 
modern. 

Among the church plate is a cup of 166* and an 
old pewter plate. 

The registers date from 1613, which leads to 
the inference that it was a separate parish in fact ; it 
had churchwardens of its own, but up to the middle 
of the i gth century it was usually held with 
Witley.' 



WITLEY 

A chapel atThursley was taxed with 
Witley in 1291.* It is said to have 
been erected into a separate parish in 




THE FONT, THURSLEY 

1838,* and the benefice is still in the gift of the vicar 
of Witley. 

Henry Smith's Charity applies to 
CHARITIES Thursley. Moon's Money, a charity 
of unknown origin, was applied to 
the maintenance of the workhouse. 



WITLEY 



Witlei (xi cent.) ; Whitle or Witle (xiii cent, on- 
wards). 

Witley is bounded on the west by Thursley, 
formerly a chapelry of the parish. It is rather over 
6 miles from north to south, and 2 miles from east to 
west, tapering somewhat towards the south. It con- 
tains 7,210 acres of land, and 40 of water. The soil 
of most of the parish is the Lower Green Sand ; the 
south-eastern part is on the Atherfield and Wealden 
Clays. On the west side of the parish Witley Common 
is an extensive waste of heather, connected with 
Thursley Common and the waste land running thence 
up to Hindhead, all included in the manor of Witley. 
The escarpment of the Green Sand to the south is 
abrupt, affording fine views southward and east- 
ward, and the central parts of the parish are 300 ft. 
above the sea. The parish was divided into four 
tithings. Milford to the north, containing the hamlets 
of Milford and Mousehill, and now a separate ecclesias- 
tical parish, Ley or Lea in the centre, containing the 
hamlet of Wheeler Street; Stoatley ; and Birtley, which 
includes Witley Street and all the parish to the south. 
Witley Park was in the last. 

The parish is intersected from north to south by 
the London and Portsmouth road, and in the same 
direction by the London and South Western Railway 



to Portsmouth. Milford station is in Witley, but 
Witley station is in Godalming parish. 

Pinewood is the seat of Viscount Knutsford ; Rake 
of Archdeacon Potter ; Lea Park was the home oi the 
late Mr. Whitaker Wright. At the sale of this property 
in 1905, the manorial rights over part of the waste 
of Witley, including Thursley and part of Hindhead, 
were acquired by trustees for the Commons Preserva- 
tion Society. The principal landowners are Mr. 
Webb, Mrs. Francis E. Eastwood of Enton, Mr. E. A. 
Chandler, the Earl of Derby, and the various purchasers 
of the Lea estate. 

The soil of Witley Common contains a considerable 
percentage of ferruginous sand. There were iron- 
works in the parish on Witley and Thursley Heaths, 
but the more important part of them was probably 
in the Thursley chapelry, now a separate parish. But 
iron was found also in Witley Park, in the clay. These 
ironworks seem to have been among the last which 
were kept open in Surrey. 1 They were working in 
1767. 

The social troubles of the year 1 549 led to riots 
in Witley among other places, dignified by an old in- 
habitant as ' the general rebellion in these parts,' 
when the pale of Witley Park was demolished. The 
rebellion was largely against inclosing of lands. 1 



8 Injt. Bks. (P.R.O.). 
< Pofe Nick. Tax. (Rec. Com.), 208. 
s Sumner, Comfectut of Dioc. of ffin- 
ton, 1 1 6. 



'Sec y.C.H. Surr. ii, 173, and Topley, 
Gtol. of the Weald, 134, for the valuable 
ferruginous land in Witley. 

* Mr. M. S. Giuseppi, in Surr. Arch. 

61 



Coll. xviii, 17, quoting Exch. K.R. Spec. 
Com. 2244. The same insurrection is re- 
ferred to in a paper among the Loselcy 
MSS. now at P.R.O. 



A HISTORY OF SURREY 



Witley Park was in the hollow, east of Hindhead 
and south of the road called Park Lane. The whole 
property is still called Witley Park.* 

The ancient cottages near the church are very 
picturesque. The White Hart Inn may be of 1 6th- 
century date, though it has been restored externally. 
In Milford and in Brook there are also old cottages. 
Near Stroud are the remains of a moat, where possibly 
the lodge of Witley or Ashurst Park once stood. 
Leman Lane, an old road on the eastern boundary of 
Lea Park, possibly is a very old right of way, retaining 
its characteristic name, and nature, of the muddy way. 

The Witley Institute was built by Mr. John Foster 
in 1883. It contains a good reference library of 240 
volumes, and a lending library of over 700 volumes. 

On Witley Comn^n is a moated barrow of consid- 
erable size, apparently undisturbed. 4 Other barrows 
are said to have existed, and to have been opened, but 
no record is known of their contents. 

Neolithic implements and flakes are fairly com- 
mon. An Anglo-Saxon gold ring of curious make has 
been found at Witley.' 

The ecclesiastical parish of Milford was separated 
from Witley in 1844. The village is about a mile 
and a half south of Godalming. The parish is 
traversed by the London and Portsmouth road and by 
the Portsmouth line of the London and South Western 
Railway, which has a station there. 

Milford House, the seat of Mr. R. W. Webb, J.P., 
is a substantial brick house of the style of Queen 
Anne's reign. It was built by Thomas Smith, who 
succeeded to the property in 1705. His daughter 



Mary married Philip Carteret Webb, from whom Mr. 
R. W. Webb is descended. 

In and around the hamlet of Milford are a number 
of old houses and cottages. One, a farm-house, with 
a fine old yew tree in front, has a large roof of steep 
pitch over the centre, which covered the hall, and a 
gabled wing of slight projection at either end, in 
which both the upper story and the gable-end over- 
hung. Its timber-framed construction is now hidden 
by plaster, and the barge boards of the gables are plain. 
The arms of Paine quartered with an unknown coat 
are in a window. The window-frames appear to be 
17th-century insertions in some cases, but one at least 
of the chimneys is original. The general date of this 
house may be about 1500. 

At Mousehill, to the west of Milford, is a fine old 
brick manor-house of 17th-century date, with a large 
chimney at either end having crow-stepped set-offs, 
and there is some curious panelled work in brick, the 
window heads with shouldered-arches under a string- 
course being very unusual. 

At Milford is a small Congregational Chapel opened 
in 1902. 

W1TLEY M4NOR was a possession of 
MANORS Earl Godwin, and after the Conquest was 
among the lands of Gilbert son of Richer 
(Richerius) de Aquila, 6 whose grandfather Engenulf 
de Aquila had accompanied William the Conqueror 
and fell at the battle of Hastings.' Gilbert's son 
Richer demanded his father's lands in England ; these 
were at first refused him, but were temporarily restored 
upon his invoking French aid. For his complicity in 




Vide infra. 

* Surr. Arch. Coll. xviii, p. xix. 



WITLEY : COTTAGES SOUTH-EAST OF THB CHURCH 

" Ordericui Vital!*, Hist.Eccl. (Duchesne), 



s y.C.H. Surr. i, 271. 
6 y.C.H. Surr. \, 323*. 

62 



501. 







WITLEY : THE WHITE HART 



GODALMING HUNDRED 



WITLEY 



the rebellion of William Clito his whole honour of 
Aquila escheated to the Crown, and was only fully re- 
granted in 1154.* He died in 1176 and was succeeded 
by a son of the same name.' The latter's son Gilbert 
went away into Normandy shortly before 1 200, at 
which date the sheriff accounted for his lands at 
Witley. 10 The custody of this manor was given first 
to Stephen de Turnham, and afterwards, in 12045, 
to William, Earl de Warenne, Gilbert's brother-in- 
law," who obtained the grant on behalf of his sister." 
The lands had probably been restored to Gilbert be- 
fore 6 April 1226, when he had licence to cross to 
Normandy," but they were again taken into the king's 
hands in September of the same year," perhaps as a 
pledge for his loyalty to Henry III, for they were re- 
stored in the following spring on payment of a fine. 15 
Gilbert de Aquila was dead before January 1231-2," 
and his lands escheated to the king, 17 probably owing 
to his or his heir's adherence to French interests, 18 
for in 1232 Henry III granted his barony to Peter 
de Rivaulx, the Poitevin favourite, promising that, 
if he should restore it to Gilbert's heirs by a peace 
or of his own free will, Peter should not be dispossess- 
ed without compensation. 19 Peter de Rivaulx, however, 
seems to have lost the lands at the time of his depriva- 
tion in 1234, for in December of that year the king 
granted them with a similar promise to Gilbert Mar- 
shal, Earl of Pembroke. 10 He exchanged them almost 
immediately with the king's brother Richard," but 
temporarily only, for he surrendered them to the 
Crown in June 1 24.0." In the year following Henry 
granted the honour of Aquila to Peter of Savoy, uncle 
of Queen Eleanor," and entailed it on his heirs in 
1246." It was doubtless the general dislike of for- 
eigners which caused the ill-feeling that arose between 
Peter of Savoy and his tenants at Witley. They 
roused his anger by neglecting the homage due to him, 
and he in revenge increased their rents. 1 * On the 
baronial victory in 1264, Peter of Savoy having fled 
from the country, Witley was granted to the custody 
of Gilbert de Clare, Earl of Gloucester." But after 
Evesham, Peter's lands were restored, and on his death 
in 1268 Queen Eleanor received Witley in accord- 
ance with a settlement made by Peter her uncle." 
The king and queen granted the manor to their son 



Edward, who surrendered it to his mother for her 
life.' 3 

She granted the tenants a release from the oppres- 
sive exactions of her predecessor on condition that 
they should cause a yearly service to be held in Witley 
Church for the souls of her husband and of Peter of 
Savoy.* 9 In 1275 she gave the manor for life to her 
steward Guy Ferre,* who surrendered it to the Crown 
c. 1279." In 1283 Queen Eleanor was again in 
possession, for she then had a grant of a weekly market 
on Fridays at her manor of Witley, 3 ' and her charter 
to Guy Ferre was confirmed in 1289." She died in 
1291. 

Edward I visited Witley in June 1294," and in 
1 299 assigned the honour of Aquila, and possibly 
Witley also, but there is no definite proof that 
Witley was parcel of the honour, in dower to 
Queen Margaret," who was in actual possession of 
Witley in 131 3," and possibly earlier, for Guy de 
Ferre the former tenant for life had died before 
I 303." Witley ^seems to have been assigned with the 
honour to the next queen, Isabella, who was in 
possession in 1329." Queen Isabella surrendered it 
with her other lands in 1330," and it formed part of 
Philippa of Hainault's dower in January 1330-1.* 
During the latter's life Andrew Tyndale held the 
manor in lease, and after her death, in 1 369, the lease 
was renewed for twenty years.* 1 He died c. 1377,*' 
and the manor was thereupon granted by Richard II 
to his nurse Mundina Danos for life, the grant being 
afterwards extended to her and her husband Walter 
Rauf, the king's tailor, in survivorship.*' They seem 
to have renewed the exactions of Peter of Savoy, 
whereupon the tenants of the manor raised a subscrip- 
tion among themselves and brought a plea against 
Mundina and her husband,** and though they were 
not at the time successful they were able in the next 
reign to obtain an exemplification of the Domesday 
entry relating to Witley,** and a confirmation of 
Queen Eleanor's charter.* 6 Walter Rauf died 12 
June 1421,*' but Mundina survived him, at any rate 
till 1423, when she had confirmation of the former 
grants of Witley.* 9 The reversion of Witley Manor 
was given to John Feriby, king's clerk, for life, in 
1422 ;*' Henry VI also granted a life-interest in the 



8 Dugdale, Baronage, i, 497. That he 
retained some lands, possibly including 
Witley, is inferred from hit grant of 
Oxenford in 1 147. 

'Cbroniea Roberti di Torigneio (Rolls 
Ser.), 270. 

10 Pipe R. 2 John, m. 15 d. ; Testa de 
Nevill (Rec. Com), 225 j Cal. Doe. France, 
225-6. "Close, 6 John, m. 14. 

19 Teita de Nevill (Rec. Com.), 225. 

u Cal. Pat. 1225-32, p. 26. 

14 Excerfta t Rot. Fin. (Rec. Com.), i, 
147. 

"Fine R. n Hen. Ill, pt. i, m. iz. 

u Cal. Pat. 1225-32, p. 458. 

W Exeerfta e Rot. Fin. (Rec. Com.), i, 
119. 

18 It is most likely that it was the heir 
who sacrificed his English in order to 
retain his French lands, for Gilbert's 
widow had dower in his English lands, 
which were nevertheless accounted for 
among the 'Terrae Normannorum.' 

19 Col. Chart. R. i, 162. It is interest- 
ing, in face of Peter de Rivaulx's depriva- 
tion, to note that Hubert de Burgh pledged 
himself to resist any possible attempt of 



the king to violate the charters granted to 
the Poitevin (ibid, i, 165). 

*>Ibid. i, 190. 

Ibid, i, 191 ; Red Bk. ofExeh. (Rolls 
Ser.), 803. 

M Cal. Chart. R. 252. 

"Rymer, FoeJera, i, 399. 

* Cal. Chart. R. i, 193, 296. 

5 Assize R. no. 873 (43 Hen. Ill), 
m. 6. 

* Pat. 48 Hen. Ill, m. 8. 

'7 Feet of F. Div. Co. Mich. 44 
Hen. III. 

98 Pat. 53 Hen III, m. 24 and 21. 

89 Pat. 7 Hen. IV, pt. i, m. 29. 

Cal. Pat. 1272-81, p. 125. 

"Ibid. 355. 

89 Close, 1 1 Edw. I, m. 7. 

"Cal. Pat. 1281-92, p. 329. 

81 Letters close and patent are dated 
thence by the king 25 June 1294. 

86 Cal. Pat. 1292-1301, pp. 76, 79, 
102. 

M Close, 6 Edw. II, m. 14, 15. 

87 Mins. Accts. (Gen. Ser.), bdle. 1015, 
no. 8. Mention is made of his executors 
in this account. Edward II visited Witley 

63 



m 1324 (Cal. Close, 1323-7, pp. 203, 
205). 

88 Pat. 3 Edw. Ill, pt. 11, m. 19 d. 

89 Rymer, FoeJera, ii, 835, 893. 

40 Cal. Pat. 1330-4, p. 55. 

41 Abbrev. Rot. Orig. (Rec. Com.), ii, 
304. At first he paid 20 yearly, from 
which the parker's wages of id. daily were 
deducted : after 1369 he paid 30 yearly, 
which seems to have been about the value 
of the manor. Queen Philippa granted 
30 from it to Gilbert of Imworth (Cal. 
Pat. 1343-$, p. 380). See also the first 
grant to Mundina Danos (ibid. 1377-81, 
p. 1 20), and Andrew Tyndale's account 
(Mins. Accts. [Gen. Sen], bdle. 1015, 
no. 9). 

4a Cal. Pat. 1377-81, p. 21. 
48 Ibid. 120, 159, 609. 
44 Coram Rege R. no. 511 (Hil. 11 
Ric. II), m. 17. 

46 Cal. Pat. 1399-1401, p. 501. 
44 Pat. 7 Hen. IV, pt. i, m. 29. 
4 " Esch. Inq. p.m. (Ser. i), file 1417, 

DO. I. 

48 Cat. Pat. 1422-9, p. 87. 

49 Ibid. 16. 



A HISTORY OF SURREY 



manor to Sir Bryan Stapilton, kt., with remainder 
after his death to James Fiennes, afterwards Lord Say," 
who was in possession of it in 1450, when he was 
executed by Cade's mob. 51 His lands fell to the king, 
who bestowed Witley on his brother Jasper Tudor, 
Earl of Pembroke, in 1453." On the accession of 
Edward IV, the Earl of Pembroke was attainted and 
forfeited his lands to the king, 63 who granted Witley 
to the Earl of Kent in tail male, 54 and at the earl's 
death without heirs male in January 14623 to 
George, Duke of Clarence," his ill-fated brother. 16 
On the duke's execution Witley was again seized by 
the Crown, the stewardship of the manor being granted 
in 1478 to Sir George Brown, kt., for life." Jasper 
Tudor's attainder was reversed in 1485 ; probably he 
regained Witley. At ,his death in 1495 Henry VII 
was his heir. Again in 1 5 1 1 the stewardship of the 
manor was given to William Fitz William and William 
Cope, and in 1527 to Sir William Fitz William and Sir 
Anthony Browne.* 8 The demesne lands were held in 
1 547-9 by Thomas Jones," son of Thomas, Server of 
the Chamber to Henry VIII (buried in the church), 
the manorial rights being reserved to the Crown. 60 

In 1551 the manorial rights and the park were 
given in exchange for other lands to Edward Fiennes, 
Lord Clinton and Say, 61 who almost immediately con- 
veyed them to Sir Richard Sackville, Chancellor of 
the Court of Augmentations.* 1 The latter conferred 
the stewardship on William More of Loseley. 63 Queen 
Mary evidently resumed the manor. 64 In 1599 
Queen Elizabeth sold the whole manor and park 
together with courts leet and baron to trustees for 
Elizabeth Egerton, widow of Sir John Wolley and 
sister of Sir George More, 65 her favourite maid of 
honour. Her son Sir Francis Wolley sold it in 1605 
to Sir George More his uncle, 66 who in 1613 sold the 
park to his brother-in-law Sir Edward More, 67 and 
the manor to Henry Bell of Rake. 68 It was settled 
on his great-nephew Anthony Smith the younger. 69 
It descended in the Smith family till it passed by the 
marriage of Philip Carteret Webb in 1763 with Mary 
Smith '" to his family. Mr. Robert William Webb 
of Milford House sold the manor to Mr. Whitaker 



Wright of Lea Park. Since his death part of the 
waste has been acquired by trustees, to preserve the 
open ground for public enjoyment, 71 and other parts 
separately sold. Mr. G. H. Pinckard of Combe 
Court bought the quit-rents of the manor. 

The lords of Witley seem to have had a 
PARK park there early in the I3th century," but 
it is not specially mentioned in the grants 
of the manor till after April 1247, when Peter of 
Savoy obtained free warren in his demesne lands 
of Witley. 73 In 1303 the profits of the park 
amounted to 33*. 5</., 74 and ten years later Queen 
Margaret sent five oaks from her park at Witley for 
making shingles to cover the king's great hall at 
Westminster. 75 Early in the following year Queen 
Margaret made complaints against certain persons who 
had broken several of her parks, including Witley,' 6 
and a similar petition was made by Queen Isabella in 
1329." In the grant to Mundina Danos in 1378 
vert and venison in the park were reserved to the 
king, while the grantee undertook to pay the parker 
his wages of ^d. a day. 78 Amongst the charges brought 
against the tenants of the manor by Mundina Danos 
and her husband was that of breaking into their 
warren, 79 while they claimed free warren in the lands 
of bond-tenants as well as in their demesne lands. 80 
Frequent appointments to the office of keeper occur 
in the Patent Rolls, sometimes in conjunction with 
that of Ashurst Park. In 1514 Thomas Jones (Johns) 
and his son Robert had a grant of the office of keeper 
in survivorship. 61 Sir William Fitz William and Sir 
Anthony Browne were made masters of the hunt at 
Witley when they obtained the stewardship of the 
manor, 8 * but in the survey of Witley Manor dated 
I 547 Thomas Jones was said to be custodian of the 
park, which was 6 miles in circuit. 83 It was not 
always included in the leases of the demesne lands, 
but in May 1596 was granted in farm to Elizabeth 
Wolley, Francis her son, and George More her 
brother, 84 and finally sold to Elizabeth Wolley with 
the manor, with which it descended till 1613. Sir 
George More then sold to his brother-in-law, Sir 
Edward, grounds called Witley Park, which he had 



w> Pat. 21 Hen. VI, pt. i, m. 18. 

51 Chan. Inq. p.m. 29 Hen. VI, no. n. 

sa Pat. 3 I Hen. VI, pt. ii, m. 26. The 
manor was first granted to Edmund, Earl of 
Richmond, and the Earl of Pembroke for 
twelve years, and a few months afterwards 
the former grant was cancelled and the 
manor settled on Pembroke in tail male. 

58 R. of Part. (Rcc. Com.), vi, 278. 
54 Cal. Pat. 1461-7, p. 225. 

" Ibid. 226, 227. It seems probable, 
however, that William son and heir of 
Lord Say was still occupying the manor 
in conjunction with his mother Emeline; 
ibid. 1467-8, p. 116. 

56 To whom there is a tablet dated 1468 
on the north wall of the church, erected in 
his lifetime. 

57 Cal. Pat. 1476-85, p. 92. It is said 
that Sir Reginald Bray held the manor for 
life under Henry VII. B.M. Add. MS. 
6167. Perhaps the stewardship is meant. 

48 L. and P. Hen. VIII, iv, 1385. In 
May 1513 William Fitz William granted 
the sub-stewardship to Christopher More ; 
Loseley MSS. Hist. MSS. Com. Rep. vii, 
App. 6004. 

59 Misc. Bks. (Land Rev.), vol. 190, 
fol. 129 et seq. 

60 Jones's first lease was for 21 years 



(Pat. I Mary, pt. xiii). In 1553 Sir John 
Gage obtained a lease to date from the 
expiration of Jones's lease, nevertheless the 
latter and his nephew William Stoughton 
obtained renewals of his lease in 1568 
and 1588 (Pat. 10 Eliz. pt. iii, no. 3 ; 
29 Eliz. pt. iv, no. 5 ; 37 Eliz. pt. ii, 
no. i). 

61 Pat. 5 Edw. VI, pt. vii, no. 14. 

* Close, 5 Edw. VI, pt. v, no. i. 

68 Loseley MS. iz, 10. 

64 Possibly the object of the transaction 
with Lord Clinton and Say was to ensure 
the Crown against any claim he might 
bring to the manor. The manorial rights 
seem to have been included in the grant 
to Sir John Gage. 

Pat. 41 Eliz. pt. xii, no. 20 ; Close, 
41 Eliz. pt. xxi. 

66 Feet of F. Surr. Hil. 2 Jas. I. 

67 Close, ii Jas. I, pt. xxxvi, no. 3. 

68 Ibid. 12 Jas. I, pt. xxv, no. 23. 

M Chan. Inq. p.m. (Ser. 2), mxxvi, 54 ; 
Surr. Arch. Coll. xviii, 29. 

70 She was great-granddaughter of 
Thomas brother and heir of the younger 
Anthony Smith. See an interesting 
account of the manor by Mr. E. Foster, 
Surr. Areh. Coll. xviii, 79. 

71 See account of parish. Certain parts 

6 4 



of the waste were, however, reserved by 
Mr. Webb, and certain quit-rents were 
separately sold. 

7> In the charter of Gilbert de Aquila, 
confirming Oxenford to the abbey of 
Waverley, the following clause occurs : ' et 
claudent tantum de parco quantum pertinet 
ad predictum tenementum de Oxenford 
cum toto exitu suo et non plura sicut 
ceteri homines mei de H. Witley ' ; Pat. 
II Edw. II, pt. ii, m. 36. 

78 Cal. Chart. R. i, 315. 

? 4 Mins. Accts. (Gen. Ser.), bdle. 1015, 
no* 8. 

76 Cal. Close (Rec. Com.), 1307-13, p. 
507. 

76 Cal. Pat. 1313-17, pp. 135, 137 
228. 

" Ibid. 1327-30, p. 476. 

T 8 Ibid. 1377-81, p. 159. 

78 Coram Rege R. no. 511 (Hil. 12 
Ric. II), m. 17. 

80 Free warren had been granted to 
Peter of Savoy in his demesne lands in 
Witley ; Cal. Chart. R. i, 315. 

i L. and P. Hen. fill, i, 886. 

8a lbid. iv, 1385. 

88 Misc. Bks. (Land Rev.), vol. 190, 
fol. 134. 

84 Pat. 38 Eliz. pt. xii. 



GODALMING HUNDRED 



WITLEY 



previously held on lease. 84 In 1656 Edward More, 
grandson of Sir Edward, sold it to Thomas Russell ** ; 
it was probably already broken up into farms. 
Russell was possibly trustee for Simon Bennett, whose 
daughter Frances carried a moiety of the park in 
marriage to James fourth Earl of Salisbury. Her sister 
Grace died in 1730 without issue, and her moiety 
also passed to James, the sixth Earl. His son the 
first Marquess of Salisbury sold it to William Smith 
of Godalming in 1 79 1. 87 William Smith bequeathed 
the estate to his brother, Richard Smith of Burgate, 
whose niece Mary, widow of George Chandler, in- 
herited it in 1838, and held it with remainder to her 
son Allen. 88 Mr. Allen Chandler sold it to the Earl 
of Derby, in 1876. 

In the 1 5th century the lords of Witley Manor 
had both court baron and view of frankpledge together 
with the chattels of fugitives and outlaws ; M they 
also had a right to heriot and relief from certain of 
their tenants, 90 and claimed a custom called ' grasaves,' 
or ' Grayside,' which was valued at 5/. ^J. yearly." 
From time to time their tenants claimed various privi- 
leges, asserting that Witley was ancient demesne. On 
this ground in 1380, and again in 1401, they were ex- 
empted from paying the expenses of knights to Parlia- 
ment." On the other hand, in the suit brought against 
Peter of Savoy by the men of Witley, the jurors 
allowed the exactions of Peter of Savoy, but denied 
that Witley was ancient demesne of the Crown. 93 In 
1389 the tenants, with a few exceptions, 94 were said 
to be villeins and bond-tenants, and were bound to 
act as reeve of the lord's manor, and to perform 
certain other services. 94 

They obtained a recognition of their position as 
tenants in ancient demesne in the proceedings in 
1401, including right of exemption from juries. 94 
This privilege, with the exemption from contribution 
to expenses of knights of the shire, was confirmed 
20 June 1574." 

Free fishery was recounted among the appurtenances 
of the manor in I443. 98 

tTYTLEr CHESBERIES aSai WTTLETCHEAS- 
BURIES is a small reputed manor. It is near Wheeler 
Street. In 1310 William de Chussebury de Mule- 
ford was husband of Dionisia, co-heiress of Stephen 
de Asshurst. 99 They levied a fine of land in Witley, 
Godalming, &c. The name Chesbury appears in 
subsidies in 1332 and 1381. In 1 5 66 there was an 
inquiry in the Catteshull court as to whether Henry 



Chittie, tenant of Chesberies, was or was not subject 
to the court's jurisdiction. 100 In 1575 Henry Chittie 
alias Bocher parted with the manor of Chesberies to 
Laurence Stoughton, parson of Witley."" In 1580 
Laurence sold to George Weller. 101 In 1605 Weller 
parted with the manor of Chesberies to Thomas 
Compton,"" doubtless the owner of Taylors, God- 
aiming. 10 * It afterwards went to the Buncombes. 
In 1726 John Duncombe sold to John Marche, 
yeoman. It descended to Richard Marche, and 
through theWinkworth and Sparkes families from him 
to Mrs. Eastwood, who lately sold it to Mr. Heatley. 

OXENFORD GRANGE, within Peper Harrow 
Park, but in the parish of Witley, was a part of the 
manor of Witley until Richer de Aquila granted it 
to the abbey of Waverley early in the I2th century. 104 
His gift is mentioned in the bull of Pope Eugenius III, 
dated 1 147, confirming to the abbey all its property, 106 
and the grange of Oxenford with land at Rihella was 
included in the lands confirmed to the abbey by 
Richard I. 107 Richer's grandson, Gilbert de Aquila, in 
confirming his grandfather's gift, mentioned the right 
of the abbot to inclose so much of Witley Park as 
belonged to Oxenford. 1 " 8 In the 'Taxatio ' of 1291 
Oxenford was rated at ji, 109 and the abbot seems to 
have objected to paying the tenth for it, 110 but his 
claim to exemption was disallowed. 111 The grange 
remained among the possessions of the abbey till the 
Dissolution, at which time it was valued at 4 1 3/. 4</. n> 

It was included in the grant of the site of Waverley 
to Sir William Fitz William, 113 with which it descended 
to Anthony, first Viscount Montague, 114 who died 
seised of a messuage called Oxenford, 9 October I 592. " 4 

His son by his second wife, Sir Henry Browne, 
sold to Sir George More of Loseley in 1609."* 
Sir George, his son Sir Robert, and their respec- 
tive wives, levied a fine to John Hone in 1613,"' 
and Bartholomew Hone his son, of Oxenford, and others 
conveyed to John Chesterton of St. Giles in the Fields 
in i6i9. 118 After his death in February 1624-5, 
it was held by his wife Anne for life, who survived 
her two sons, Walter, who died in i638, 119 and John." 

The reversion became divided among the three sisters 
of John and their representatives, namely, Mary wife 
of Henry Fox, Jane wife of John Smith of Riehull, 
and Martha wife of Antony Covert. On 8 February 
1667 Antony Covert and his son conveyed their 
third to John Platt of Westbrook and his heirs, 111 and 
in 1676 his son Sir John Platt, and John Smith son 



85 dole, 1 1 Jas. I, pt. xxxvi, no. 3. 

86 Feet of F. Surr. Mich. 1656, pt. I. 

87 Cloie, 31 Geo. Ill, pt. iii, no. 7. 

88 Brayley, Hist, of Surr. v, 254. 

89 Pat. 21 Hen. VI, pt. i, no. ig. 

10 Miic. Bk. (Land Rev.), vol. 190, foL 
134; Mins. Accts. (Gen. Ser.), bdle. 
1015, no. 8. 

Panic, of Grants (Aug. Off.), 6 Edw. 
VI, 1515- 

" Add. Chart. 27744-7. 

* Assize R. 873, m. 6 (1259). Peter 
brought forward as evidence against them 
the entry under the barony of Aquila in 
Domesday Book, which, strangely enough, 
was employed by the tenants themselves in 
asserting their privileges two centuries 
later. 

M Viz. the tenants of Bouelith, Winkes- 
worth, Balham, Dene, Writrowe, Stutley, 
High Ashurst, and Oxenford. 

M Coram Rege R. 5 1 1 (Hit. 12 Ric. II), 
'7- 



96 B.M. Add. Chart. 27444-5 ; Cal. 
Pat. 13991401, p. 502. On the ground 
that the manor was entered under the 
barony of Aquila in Domesday Book. 
Perhaps it was understood that the manor 
had pertained to the Crown before 1086, 
and that it had passed from Earl Godwin 
to Earl Harold, and thus to William I, 
and had been held by him as ancient de- 
mesne before the grant to Aquila. 

*! Pat. 1 6 E1U. 

99 Pat. 21 Hen. VI, pt. i, m. ig. 

99 De Banco R. Hil. 3 Edw. II, m. 
i go. 

lwl View of Frankpledge, 27 Sept. g 
Eliz. 

l" 1 Feet of F. Surr. Hil. 17 Eli*. 

" Ibid. Trin. 22 Eliz. 

> Ibid. Mich. 3 Ja.. I. 

104 Private information. 

101 The abbey was founded in 1128. 
The grant must therefore have been made 
between that date and the confirmatory 

65 



charter of Pope Eugenius, which was given 
in 1147. 

M Lansd. Chart. 17. 

107 Cart. Antiq. S. 20. 

108 Pat. 1 1 Edw. II, pt. ii, m. 36. 

109 Poft Nich. Tax. (Rec. Com.), 206. 

110 Ibid. 209*. 

111 Ctl. fat. 1340-3, p. 128. 

11J Valor Eccl. (Rec. Com.), ii, 34. 

" L. and P. Hen. VIII, xi, 88. I 

" See V.C.H. Surr. ii, 624. 

114 Chan. Inq. p.m. (Ser. 2), ccxxxv, 
no. 

118 Close, 8 Jas. I, Modern Ref. no. 
2027. 

17 Feet of F. SUIT. East. II Jas. I. 

118 Close, 17 Jas. I, pt. xiv, no. 55. 

u > Chan. Inq. p.m. (Ser. 2), ccccxix, 

3'- 

" Ibid. vol. cccclxxxvi, 100. 
"> Feet of F. Surr. Trin. 19 Chat. II. ; 
Close, 1 8 Chas. II, pt. !T, no. 17. 



A HISTORY OF SURREY 



of John and Jane, conveyed two-thirds to Denzil, 
Lord Holies, 1 " from whom it passed as Peper Harow 
(q.v.). This portion included the grange itself. 

Chesterton Fox, son of Henry Fox and Mary, was 
possessed of the other third in i68o, 1M and in 1705 
it was sold by Mary Horish and Anne Fox, daughters 
of Chesterton Fox, to Edmund Stillwell of Thursley. 11 * 
His descendants sold to Viscount Midleton c. 1822. 

The remains of the Grange are now included in 
Peper Harow Park. They consist of only part of 
a cottage, the rest having been pulled down in 1775 
when the present mansion-house at Peper Harow was 
approaching completion. The fifth Viscount Midle- 
ton employed Mr. Pugin to build an imitation 1 3th- 
century farm here. The land of Oxenford is counted 
now in Witley parish. It was apparently, when in 
the hands of Waverley, extra-parochial, and is tithe- 
free. In 1802 and 1803 the inhabitants successfully 
resisted an inclusion for rateable purposes in Witley. 1 " 

MOUSEH1LL (Mushulle, xiv cent. ; Moussulle, 
xv cent.) is a hamlet of Milford. The family of 
Court were the chief landowners there in the 1 4th 
century. In 1335-6 Cecily widow of Richard le 
Court leased land at Mousehill to Thomas atte 
Dene and Robert son of John le Court. 116 Robert 
Court is said to have held court baron for the manor 
of Mousehill early in the reign of Henry V. 117 

Robert Court conveyed all his lands in Witley to 
his son Thomas Court in 14.26. Thomas is said to 
have had a daughter Julia who married John Hedger. 
His granddaughter Marion married Richard Shudd. 119 
From the Courts the estate became known as Court 
Thorn in Mousehill. 130 In 1 548 the manor of 
Court was held by Richard Shudd, 131 son of Richard 
and Marion, who was succeeded by John Shudd. 
He conveyed in 1 6 1 1 to his son Richard. In 1614 
Richard bequeathed Court Thorn in Mousehill to his 
brother Thomas, together with Court Hall in Mouse- 
hill, which he had purchased from John Fludder, 1 " 
subject to the condition that Thomas granted his 
right in other property to a third brother John. This 
arrangement was carried out in l6l5, 1S3 John Stillwell 
(vide infra) being an executor. Thomas Shudd 
entered upon his bequest in 1614. He died in 
1 649 134 holding Court Hall and Mousehill, and his 
son Thomas was in possession of them c. 1618, and 
died in 1699."* They passed, through the marriage 
of his sister Joan to John Stillwell of Lower House 
in Thursley, to the Stillwell family. 136 

The ' manor of Court Thorn or Mousehill ' 
remained in the possession of John Stillwell's descend- 
ants till about 1822, when it was purchased by 
Viscount Midleton." 7 A court baron existed as late 
as 1701. 

RAKE in Milford is an Elizabethan house near the 



watercourse which runs from Witley to Milford. 
The owner of the estate had a mill near his house, the 
whole being described c. 1548 as a tenement and 
26 acres of land and a fulling-mill." 8 Robert Mellersh, 
who was then the owner, was succeeded by his widow 
Joan, after whom their son John held Rake. 139 He 
was involved in a suit with the tenant of Witley. 
Thomas Jones, concerning the damage caused to the 
demesne lands of Witley by the overflow of water 
from the pond at Rake, and a right of way claimed 
by Mellersh through the lands of Witley Manor. 140 
In 1592 he sold a messuage and mill in Witley to 
Henry Bell. There seems no doubt that this sale 
referred to Rake, 1 * 1 for Henry Bell was possessed of 
' Rake farm ' at his death.'" It passed to his nephew 
Antony Smith, who settled it upon his great-nephew 
Antony Smith Meale ; it descended to thelatter's grand- 
daughter Anne, the wife (1748) of Thomas Woods of 
Godalming, whose grandson Thomas Woods sold the 
house and mill in 1836 to Thomas Durrant. He 
died in 1879 ; the property was sold to the trustees 
of the Busbridge estate, and the late owner was the 
Hon. Violet Monckton, but it has been sold again 
recently to Archdeacon Potter. 1 " 

Rake House, built by Henry Bell in 1602, is one of 
the best examples of the half-timber manor-house 
remaining in Surrey. 144 Its timber framework, filled 
with bricks laid herring-bone fashion, the many 
original windows, and a large and finely proportioned 
chimney-stack rising from the ground on the west 
side are noteworthy features. The plan is important, 
as typical of the smaller gentleman's house of the 
beginning of the 1 7th century. It is L shaped, with 
the staircase carried up in a gabled excrescence built in 
the inner angle of the |_ (a feature occurring in a 
house of similar plan at Shottermill). The hall or 
kitchen occupies roughly the middle of the long stroke 
of the L, having the great open fireplace at one end and 
a screen along one side. Two kitchen offices filled the 
top of the L, and two parlours, separated by a large 
chimney-block, the short stroke. The annexe con- 
taining the staircase served also as an entrance porch, 
and there was a second doorway opposite to it in the 
rear of the hall. The parlour filling the outer angle 
of the L is approached by a third outer door, which 
opens into the lobby formed by the thickness of the 
chimney between the two parlours ; and in the other 
parlour is an oak mantelpiece, very delicately carved 
with arabesque and foliage patterns, caryatides, and 
arches, bearing the date 1602 and the initials H. B. 

ROAKEot ROKEL4ND was held in 1548 by 
Walter son of John Roke, 145 who was doubtless a 
descendant of Richard atte Roke, one of the tenants 
who protested against the exactions of Mundina Danos 
in I389. 146 Walter's granddaughters, Alice Clarke 



1M Feet of F. Surr. Trin. 28 Chas. II. 

la8 Recov. R. Trin. 31 Chas. II, rot 
56. 

144 Close, 4 Anne, pt. ii, no. 9. 

115 Manning and Bray, Hiit. of Surr. 
47- 

12 Add. Chart. (B.M.), 27741. 

1J ~ Manning and Bray, ii, 46, quoting 
from the court rolls. 

1113 Add. Chart. (B.M.), 27748. 
39 From an old pedigree communicated. 

130 Chan. Inq. p.m. (Ser. 2), ccclii, 
123. 

131 Misc. Bks. (Land. Rev.), vol. 190, 
fol. 132. 



ua Chan. Inq. p.m. (Ser. 2), ccclii, 
213. 

138 Feet of F. Surr. Trin. 1 3 Jas. I. 

184 Witley Ct. R. 5 Apr. 1649. 

*** Deeds communicated by Mr. Woods. 

188 Feet of F. Surr. Trin. 30 Chas. II. 

ls; Bray ley, Hut, of Surr. iv, 312. 
James Stillwell conveyed them to John 
Stillwell in 1785 ; Feet of F. Surr. Trin. 
25 Geo. III. 

188 Misc. Bks. (Exch. L.T.R.), 168, fol. 
79 et seq. 

"" Misc. Bks. (Land Rev.), vol. 190, 
fol. 132. 

140 For a full account of the proceedings 

66 



see Mr. Giuseppi, ' Rake in Witley,' Surr, 
Arch. Coll., xviii, 11-60. 

1" Ibid. 

14a Chan. Inq. p.m. (Ser. 2), vol. dxxvi, 

54- 

148 Surr. Arch. Coll. xviii, 56, &c. ; 
and private information. 

144 Surr. Arch. Coll. xviii, 61. 

145 Misc. Bks. (Land Rev.), vol. 190, 
fol. 129 (Surv. of Witley Manor.) 

148 Coram Rege R. Hil. 1 2 Ric. II, m. 
17. In 1327 a Thomas of Roke and his 
wife Joan appeared at Godalming Hundred 
Court, Joan being executrix of Henry 
Lanewey ; Add. R. 26892. 



GODALMING HUNDRED 



and Jane Payne, inherited Rokeland, which ultimately 
passed to Thomas Clarke, 147 who sold ' the manor of 
Rokeland ' and a house called Rokehouse to Thomas 
Carrill in I585- 1 * 8 Six years later the Carrills alien- 
ated Rokeland to John Westbrook, 149 whose descendants 
held it for nearly a century. 140 In 1674 Richard 
and William Westbrook sold it to Thomas Smith of 
Witley, 151 with which manor it has since descended. 

The church of ALL S4INTS stands 
CHURCHES upon a gentle slope on one side of the 
village. The churchyard is beautiful 
and has some fine trees; and the cottages at the south- 
eastern angle, with the church stile, combine to make 
a most picturesque and oft-painted group, the square 
tower and slender spire of the church appearing be- 
hind. There are many lyth and 18th-century grave- 
stones in the churchyard. 

The church is built of local sandstone rubble, with 
dressings of the same or Bargate stone ; brick and Bath 
stoc.e have been partly used for modern additions. 
Horsham slabs still remain upon the roofs, together 
with ordinary tiles, and the 
spir e is covered with oak shingles. 

The church consists of nave, 
44 ft. 6 in. by 1 8 ft. 6 in. with 
north and south transepts (the 
south, which is ancient, being 
1 3 ft. 9 in. by 1 5 ft. 6 in.), 
central tower (about 14 ft. 
square) and spire, chancel, 26 ft. 
6 in. long, by I 5 ft. 2 in., and 
north chapel known as the Wit- 
ley Manor Chapel, originally 
lyft. by 156. The nave is 
the oldest part of the building, 
and probably the plan and main 
structure of this date from the 
last quarter of the 1 1 th cen- 
tury. The central tower, tran- 
septs, and chancel belong to the 
next period, 1 1 90, while the 
north chapel was added and 
other alterations made in the 
first half of the 1 4th century. 
There is a porch on the south 
of the nave, patched work of 
19th-century date, and another giving access to the 
north transept of more recent date. This transept 
has been thrown out on an enlarged scale, and a 
short aisle and vestry built in 1890 on the north of 
the nave. Before these extensions the insertion of 
' churchwarden ' windows, &c., in the early part of 
the I gth century, and a severe ' restoration ' in 1 844 
had robbed the church of some of its interest. 

Externally, the most ancient feature is the south 
doorway within the porch, which preserves its jambs 
and their plain heavy nook-shafts, with cushion 
capitals, of date c. 1080. Part of the abacus is plain 
except for a small moulding, but the rest, of a slightly 
later date, has been carved with another moulding and 
the star-pattern. 16 * The original semicircular arch 
has been replaced by a rude pointed one, apparently 
of early igth-century date. The substance of the 
nave walls, which are unusually lofty for a church of 



WITLEY 

this size, is of the latter part of the nth century, but 
no windows of this period are now visible, they having 
been replaced by large two-light openings of 'church- 
warden ' character. The west window and the 
doorway below are apparently of 15th-century date. 
On the gable of the south porch, which is a modern 
antique, is an ancient oak barge-board, perhaps as old 
as the latter part of the I4th century, but belonging 
originally to a demolished house in the village. 

The south window of the south transept is a 
' churchwarden ' insertion, but in the west and east 
walls are small narrow lancets, dating from about 1 1 90. 
The eastern is set with a pointed-arched recess on the 
inside, indicating the position of the chapel altar. 
This transept retains its original roof of somewhat 
acute pitch. 

Above the crossing rises the tower, of solid dignified 
square form, in two stages, without buttresses. It is 
built like the rest of the church of local rubble, with 
Bargate stone quoins and other dressings. At the 
south-east angle is a circular stair-turret of modern 




Sca-le of feet 

WITLEY CHURCH 



GROUND PLAN 



date, and in the lower stage are lancet windows with 
pointed heads. A string-course of half-round section 
separates the stages, and upon this stand, in each face, 
two round-headed openings divided by a broad mul- 
lion : these are chamfered and rebated. The tower 
is crowned by a coped parapet resting upon a corbel, 
and at the angles are small obelisks or pinnacles, 
evidently 1 7th-century additions ; the corbels of the 
parapet being variously moulded and coeval with the 
tower. 

The shingled spire is of 1 4th or 15th-century date. 
Altogether this tower is one of the most interesting 
studies in early masonry in Surrey. Within it rests 
upon plain pointed arches, worked in clunch, and 
having steeply chamfered imposts and narrow chamfers 
to the piers. 

In the south wall of the chancel, at its western end, 
is a trefoiled lancet, which old photographs show to 



147 In the above-mentioned survey 
Thomas Clarke's name is inserted in the 
margin as heir of Richard son of Walter 
Roke. 



148 Close, 27 Eliz. pt. viii. 

""Feet of F. Surr. Hil. 33 Eliz. 

150 Chan. Inq. p.m. (Ser. 2), cccclxxiii, 



141 Feet of F. Surr. Trin. 26 Chat. II. 
"'Illustrated in V.C.H. Surr. ii, 
448. 



74- 



6 7 



A HISTORY OF SURREY 



have been a low side window : its sill has been lately 
raised. Further east is a wide lancet with pointed 
head, and at the angle a good example of a late 12th- 
century buttress with a string-course of semi-octagon 
shape, which also appears beneath the east window. 
The latter, which has replaced the original early 
lancets, is an interesting design in flowing tracery of 
three lights, worked in clunch. 153 The gable has a 
moulded barge-board. The east window of the 
Witley Manor Chapel, also of three lights, is a resto- 
ration on the old lines of a reticulated pattern tracery. 
The windows in the north wall are also new, but 
perhaps restorations, and the north transept, porch, 
aisle, and vestry are modern. 

Coming to the interior, we find few features of 
antiquity in the nave, which has a new oak-panelled 
roof and seating. The internal opening of the south 
doorway has been enlarged and otherwise altered. 
The character of the tower arches and the south 
transept has been noted above. In the chancel are 
handsome modern alabaster sedilia and other fittings, 
but the curious piscina with thirteen foliations to the 
drain and the aumbry above it are of about 1350. 
The face of the latter is sloped back, so as to keep the 
door automatically closed ; adjacent to this are the 
remains of the earlier semi-octagonal string found also 
on the outside. 

The arches between the two chancels appear to 
have been pierced at a later date than that of either 
chancel, and originally there was probably a wall 
between the two with a door in it. The western 
arch is wide, of two plain chamfered orders, and the 
other quite narrow, of 15th-century date, with a 
plain tomb standing in it which was used as an 
Easter sepulchre. Eastward of this, on the chapel 
side under a pointed arch and credence shelf, is a 
piscina in Sussex marble, bearing curious ornamenta- 
tion of wavy lines. This bowl was probably 
transferred here from the main chancel when the later 
piscina there was made and the chapel built. 

The original oak roof (c. 1 1 90) remains over the 
south transept. It is of braced collar-beam construc- 
tion, with fine massive timbers. The corresponding 
north transept roof was preserved when the walls 
supporting it were removed to extend the area, and 
a noteworthy detail of this is the billet ornament 
upon the wall plates, a feature rarely found in wood- 
work. 1 " 

The handsome screen between this transept and 
the north chapel is of the 1 5th century. On the 
south wall of the nave, high up, is a painting of 
12th-century date in two tiers. It measures about 
1 6 ft. in length, by about 9 ft. in height, but is 
obviously a fragment of a scheme which probably 
covered the entire nave ; the colours used are red, 
pink, yellow, and white, and the whole composition 
and treatment recall the early Lewes school as 
represented in Hardham, Clayton, and other Sussex 
churches. The subjects are uncertain, but the upper 
tier seems to contain scenes connected with the 
Nativity, and the lower legendary incidents in the 
lives of saints. One nimbed figure in the lower tier 
bears a T-headed staff. In the background is some 
architecture of arcaded towers and domed roofs with 
scale-shaped tiles. On the east wall of the south 



transept and elsewhere are further slight remains of 
colour decoration, chiefly in red. 

Some good 15th-century heraldic glass (among 
which are the arms of France and England quarterly, 
and France impaling France and England) remains 
in the windows of the Witley Manor Chapel, but it 
has been shifted and releaded within the last 
century, and not all of it is ancient. One fragment 
on which was depicted the hawthorn bush and crown, 
with the initials H. E. in black letter beneath it, 
formerly marked the connexion of the manor with 
Henry VII. It and the remaining old glass are con- 
jectured to have been placed in the windows by 
Sir Reginald Bray (temp. Henry VII). The font dates 
from about 1250. Its octagonal bowl, which has 
been renewed or recut, rests upon a central drum and 
eight small shafts with moulded bases, standing upon 
a circular plinth. 

Some ancient seats belonging to the first half of 
the 1 4th century, which may have originally stood 
in the nave, have been placed in the same chapel. 
The sanctuary is bordered with a dado of modern 
marble. 

A fragmentary inscription in black letter, cut in 
a piece of stone let into the north wall of the chancel, 
bears the date 1468, and records the fact that the 
manor of Witley was held by the ill-fated Duke of 
Clarence, brother of Edward IV. It reads : 
' Georgii Ducis Clarence et Dns (sic) de Wytle, ac 
fratris Edwardi quarti, regis Anglic et Franc . . .' 
This accounts, probably, for the heraldic glass in the 
windows. 

The Easter sepulchre contains a brass to Thomas 
Jones, Jane his wife, and their six children, 'which 
Thorn's was one of the Servers of the Chamber to our 
Souverayne lorde Kinge Henry VIII.' 

A brass in the north wall of the manorial chapel 
bears the date 1634, and commemorates Henry Bell, 
' Clarke Controwler of the Household to our late 
Soveraigne Lord King James of Blessed Memorie.' 

There are also tablets in the chancel and north 
chapel to the wife of a 17th-century vicar of Witley 
(in which her virtues are likened to those of Sarah, 
Rebecca, Rachel, and Ruth) ; and to Anthony Smith, 
' Pentioner ' to Charles I and II, with a curious Latin 
couplet containing allusions to his gift of a bell to the 
church, and his benefactions to the poor of Witley. 

An ancient almsbox of enamelled iron, with 1 4th 
or 15th-century tracery on the front, stands by the 
south door. Although an undoubted antiquity, it 
has been presented to the church in recent years. 

The registers date from 1558. 

There are eight bells in the tower, the treble and 
third by Bryan Eldridge, 1648 ; the second bears 
Richard Eldridge's initials and the legend, ' Our Lord 
our hope, 1604.' The fourth is by William Eldridge, 
1670. 

Among the church plate are chalices of the years 
1638 and 1639, the second being an ancient piece 
imported from Yorkshire, the gift of Mr. John Har- 
rison Foster, of Witley. There is also a paten of the 
date 1717, and an old pewter tankard of a poor type. 

The church of St. John the Evangelist, Milford, 
was built in 1844. It is of Bargate stone, which 
is found in the neighbourhood, in 14th-century 



158 Illustrated in V.C.H. Sam ii, 456 ; 
cf. the eat window! of Woking, Dork- 



ing, and Mickleham the last two de- 
stroyed. 

68 



154 A 12th-century beam in the nave of 
Old Shoreham Church, Sussex, is one of 
the few instances of its occurrence. 



GODALMING HUNDRED 



WITLEY 



style, with a bell turret. The north aisle was added 
in 1894. 

The church of All Saints, Grayswood, was built in 
19001 and consecrated in 1902. 

A church is mentioned in the 
JDfOIVSONS Domesday Survey of Witley. 1 " 

The advowson of Witley Church 
was appurtenant to the manor until Gilbert Marshal, 
Earl of Pembroke, gave it to the Abbey of St. Mary 
de Gloria, Anagni, to which Pope Gregory IX 
granted an indult to enter in possession in September 
1238, a vicar's portion being reserved. 14 * This 
appropriation does not seem to have been carried 
into effect, and the advowson itself was evidently 
restored to the lords of the manor before 1289,'" 
when it was included in the confirmatory grant to 
Guy Ferre. 158 

In 1321 Queen Isabella presented a rector to 
Witley Church. 159 In 1 342 Edward III gave the 
advowson to Dartford Priory, 160 to which the church 
was appropriated c. 1 368, 161 but the prioress, doubt- 
ing the validity of the former appropriation and 
* being in no small need,' obtained a fresh licence 
from the pope in October I395. 161 In 1544, after 
the suppression of the priory, the king sold the rectory 
and advowson of Witley as a manor to Thomas 
Jones, ' his servant,' 16S who sold them in 1571 to 
Thomas Smith, controller of the queen's household. 144 
In 1642 a Thomas Smith his grandson presented to 
the vicarage, and left the manor in his will for 
sale. 1641 In 1670 George Smith his son 16S presented. 
From him the rectory manor descended in moieties to 
Susan Smith and Sarah wife of Michael Purefoy. 158 
Susan Smith either inherited or purchased the 
second moiety, for she was possessed of the whole 
rectory and advowson in iy\$, K1 and alienated them 



to the use of William Myers. 168 He died in 1739. 
His son William Myers made a settlement of Witley 
rectory on his marriage in I743. 169 In 1775 
William Myers his son sold the rectory, advowson, 
and great tithes of Witley (but not of Thursley) to 
John Leech, Ph.D., of Alton and John Chandler of 
Witley." The former took the rectory, manor-house, 
and part of the land, the latter the advowson of 
Witley and Thursley, the vicarage house, and other 
lands. 

This Mr. Chandler's grandson was patron and vicar 
in 1837. The present patron is Mr. E. A. Chandler. 
The rectory manor passed ultimately to Mr. John 
Leech, of Lea, M.P. for West Surrey, son of Dr. Leech, 
who died in 1 847. His widow Mary married William 
Wight, and died 1878. The manor was then sold to 
W. H. Stone, whence it probably passed with Lea, 
where Dr. Leech and Mr. Stone had lived, to 
Whitaker Wright, and was seemingly lost sight of as 
a manor. 

There were manorial rights attached to the rectory 
as well as court leet. 1 " With regard to the latter, the 
parson of Witley claimed view of frankpledge and 
assize of bread and ale in 1279, but the king 
recovered seisin of them through his default. 1 ' 1 
Apparently, however, the rectors had regained view 
of frankpledge before the Dissolution, and the rector 
had both court baron and court leet late in the 
1 7th century. 173 

Milford was formed into a separate ecclesiastical 
parish in 1844. The vicar of Witley is patron of the 
living. 174 

Grayswood was formed into a separate ecclesiastical 
parish from Chiddingfold, Haslemere, Thursley, and 
Witley in 1900. The Bishop of Winchester is 
patron 17i of the living, which is a vicarage. 



155 y.C.H. Surr. i, 313. 

156 Cat. of Papal Letters, i, 164, 176. 
The gift was made before 26 Oct. 
1237. 

67 It ii doubtful whether the Earl Mar- 
thai had any right to alienate the advowson 
of which he had only the custody ; the 
church is expressly excepted, however, in 
Queen Eleanor's first grant of the manor 
to Guy Ferre. 

158 Cal. Pat. 1272-81, p. 125 ; ibid. 
1281-92, p. 329. 

/>. Reg. Wintm (Hants Rec. 
Soc.}, 446. 

m Pat. 31 Edw. Ill, pt. ii, no. 12. It 
appears therefore that Philippa of Hainault 



did not have it in dower with Witley Manor, 
for we infer from the wording of Edward's 
grant that it referred to the advowson itself 
and not the reversion. 

151 Wyktham't Reg. (Hants Rec. Soc.), 
ii, 23. 

168 Cal. of Papal Letters (Rec. Com.), 
iv, 517. 

163 L. and P. Hen. VIII, xix, i, 374 ; 
Aug. Off. Partic. of Grants, 650. He 
was son of the Thomas Jones, server of 
the chamber to Henry VIII, to whom 
there is a brass in the church. 

164 Close, 14 Eliz. pt. 27. 

"*> Will proved Load. 7 Mar. 1658 
(Pell 152). 



"> Inst. Bks. P.R.O. 

' Feet of F. Surr. Hil. 1689-94 
(year not given) ; ibid. Hil. 2 Will, and 
Mary. 

W Recov. R. East. I Ceo. I, m. 57, 
67. 

168 Feet of F. Surr. Trin. 1 Geo. I. 

169 Recov. R. East. 16 Geo. II, rot. 
24. 

170 Close, 17 Geo. Ill, pt. v, no. 7. 

171 Partic. for Grants (Aug. Off.), 650. 
178 Plac. de Quo tVarr. (Rec. Com.), 

738. 

W Add. MS. 6167. 

17 < Pop. Ret. 1891, i, 350. 

l " Ibid. 1901, p. 5. 



THE HUNDRED OF BLACKHEATH 



CONTAINING THE PARISHES OF 



ALBURY DUNSFOLD SHALFORD 

ALFOLD EWHURST SHERE 

BRAMLEY HASCOMBE WONERSH l 

CRANLEIGH ST. MARTHA'S OP CHILWORTH 

The hundred of Blackheath (Blackfelde, x cent. ; Blacheatfeld, xi cent. ; 
Blakehethfeld, xiii and xiv cent.) is bounded on the north by Woking, on 
the west by Godalming, on the east by Wotton, and on the south by the 
county of Sussex. 

Tyting, in St. Martha's parish, was in Woking Hundred in 1086 and 
subsequently, 3 but is now counted as in Blackheath. In 1086 three virgates 
(rated) of Gomshall were in Wotton Hundred, not in Blackheath, but as 
Gomshall was ancient demesne, and the tenants were quit of all sheriffs' 
courts, it made little difference. 

Blackheath is a high, heathy common, chiefly in the parishes of Albury 
and Wonersh ; but much of the adjacent country, which is partly inclosed and 
partly open heath or planted with conifers, equally deserves the name. The 
population must always have been chiefly round about this country, and the 
place of meeting of the hundred court might have been expected to be upon 
it, as at Farnham ; but in 1377* it was held at La Perie, which is also referred 
to in the Godalming Rolls as the place of holding. This would seem to 
be near Perry Bridge in Shalford parish, over the Wey, on the road from 
Godalming to Bramley, on the extreme verge of the hundred. 

The jurisdiction of the sheriffs court was practically much curtailed by 
private rights. In Domesday Odo of Bayeux held Bramley, which included 
a great deal of the then inhabited part of the hundred. This no doubt 
explains the low assessment at 6J hides, against 97 under Edward the Con- 
fessor, and was perhaps the origin of the separate court leet of Bramley. 
The lords of Shalford, Wintershull, and Gomshall, and the rectors of Shalford 
and Cranleigh also had courts leet, and the lord of Albury view of frank- 
pledge, but the latter gave the profits to the Crown. 4 The lord of Shere 
claimed view of frankpledge previous to 1238," the lord of Albury claimed the 
same, and it was granted to Bramley by charter of Henry III. 8 But all these 
townships paid an annual fine to the sheriff. In 1671 Shere paid 2os., 
Gomshall i2s., Albury 13^. 8*/., Shalford 6j. SdJ The royal rights, such as 

1 The extent of the hundred at the time of the Population Returns of 1831. 

* Close, 23 Chas. II, pt. ix, no. 24. ' Manning and Bray, Hist. ofSurr. ii, 99. 

4 Assize R. 895. Viz. 1226-7 and 1236-8 ; Plat, de Quo Warr. (Rec. Com.), 742. 

* Ibid. 743. ' Pat. 23 Chas. II. pt. is, m. 23. 

70 



BLACKHEATH HUNDRED 

they were, were granted by James I in 1620 to Sir Edward Zouche of 
Woking, and to the heirs male of Sir Alan his uncle, together with Woking 
Hundred and Manor and other lands, to be held by the service of bringing in 
the first dish to the king's table on St. James's Day and paying annually 
100. All feudal incidents were expressly abrogated. 8 

Charles II granted this rent and the reversion of the hundred for 1,000 
years to Viscount Grandison, Henry Howard, and Edward Villiers, in trust 
for the Duchess of Cleveland. 9 In 1708 James Zouche, younger son of 
Sir Edward, the last of the male heirs, died. The Duchess of Cleveland 
succeeded, but died on 9 October 1709. Her trustees in 1715 sold the 
rights in this hundred, as well as in Woking, to John Walter of Busbridge 
House, Godalming, whose son sold them to Lord Onslow in 1752, having 
obtained by Act of Parliament in 1748 a grant of the fee simple after the 
expiration of the 1,000 years. 10 The interest of the present Earl of Onslow in 
the hundred, if it continues, is purely nominal. 

There was ' a Hundred Hedge ' bounding Blackheath Hundred towards 
Godalming, referred to in rolls of Catteshull Manor at Loseley. 

Pat. 1 8 Jas. I, pt. vi, m. i. ' Ibid. 23 Chas. II, pt. ix, m. 24. 

10 Ibid. 22 Geo II, pt. ii, m. 14 ; Com. Journ. xxv, 601. 



INDEX MAP 
" TO THE 
HUNDRED 
OF * 

BLACKHEATH 




A HISTORY OF SURREY 



ALBURY 



Eldeberie (xi cent.), Aldebur (xiii. cent.), Aide- 
bury (xiv cent.), Aldbury (sometimes in xviii cent.). 

Albury is a parish 5 miles east of Guildford and 7 
miles west of Dorking. The parish is bounded on the 
north by Merrow and West Clandon, on the west by 
St. Martha's and Wonersh, on the south by Cranleigh, 
on the east by Shere. A detached portion, the manor 
of Wildwood, used to lie in Alfold to the south, and 
detached portions of Cranleigh, Shere, and Wonersh 
lay in Albury. These were transferred to the parishes 
surrounding them respectively in 1882. The exist- 
ing parish contains 4,405 acres of land and 14 of 
water. It is 6 miles from north to south, and no- 
where more than 2 miles from east to west. It is of 
the typical form and soils of the parishes to the south 
of the chalk ridge. The northern boundary is on the 
crest of the chalk, the village is in the valley upon the 
sand south of the chalk hill, but close to it, and the parish 
extends across the sand on to the Atherfield clay and 
Wealden clay for a short distance, to the south. There 
is open common on the chalk. Southwards the ex- 
tensive heaths of Blackheath and Farley Heath are 
partly or wholly in the parish. The continuation of 
the high ridge of Greensand, of which Leith Hill, Holm- 
bury, and Ewhurst Hills are part, further eastward, 
reaches across the southern end of the parish, but 
falls away into the valley through which the Guild- 
ford and Horsham line runs, bending northward to 
form its eastern side. The views here across the 
Weald, and westward to Hascombe Hill and Hind- 
head beyond, are very beautiful. Below the escarp- 
ment of these hills part of Smithwood Common is in 
Albury. But it is to the north, on the chalk, at New- 
lands Corner, where the old road from Shere to Guild- 
ford runs up the down, and where Albury Downs reach 
600 ft. above the sea, that the most famous view in 
the parish is to be seen. Its beauty consists not in 
extent merely, but in the broken foreground, east and 
west along the valley between the chalk and the sand. 
Some very ancient yew trees mark the line of the old 
road, commonly called Pilgrims' Way, along the slopes 
of the downs. The ancient bridle-way over St. Martha's 
Hill comes down into Albury through a deep lane. 
The modern road from Guildford to Dorking traverses 
the parish, and also the Redhill and Reading branch 
of the South Eastern Railway. Chilworth and Albury 
station is just outside the parish. 

The Tillingbourne stream runs through the parish 
from east to west, working two mills. It is augmented 
by the water from the deep springs in the chalk which 
form the Shireburn Ponds, deep pools at the foot of 
the slope of the down surrounded by trees. The 
upper and more picturesque is usually called the 
Silent Pool. The springs which supply them are 
supposed to have connexion with those which break 
out on the other side of the chalk, due north, in 
Clandon Park. The operations of the Woking Water 
Company, who have tapped the chalk between them, 
have undoubtedly led to a diminution of the supply in 
the Shireburn Ponds. 

Albury parish is somewhat rich in antiquities. At 



Newlands Corner is a large barrow, not marked on the 
Ordnance map, and neolithic flints are fairly numer- 
ous on and below the hills. The name HarrowshiH 
borne by part of the down may indicate an Anglo- 
Saxon holy place. But the most considerable antiquity 
of the parish is on Farley Heath, near the road from 
Albury to Cranleigh. The banks, with a very slight 
exterior ditch forming three sides of a quadrangular 
inclosure, are fairly well marked, especially to the. 
west. The east bank is not now visible. The in- 
closure is not exactly rectangular, but the north-west 
angle is slightly acute, the south-west slightly obtuse. 
The sides are 220 yds., and the interior space must 
consequently have been 10 acres. In the middle of 
this was a smaller quadrangular inclosure which Man- 
ning and Bray describe as of 22 yds. each way. This 
is now not to be traced, but stone foundations are 
visible where it was, and a great abundance of Roman 
tiles and some pottery are easily found in the whole 
inclosure. Many Roman coins were found by excava- 
tions conducted in 1 839 and 1 840 by the late Mr. Mar- 
tin Tupper, and it is said British coins also. 1 A gold 
coin of Verica found here is in private hands. 

When Aubrey wrote he saw, or imagined, the ruins 
of a Roman temple on the spot, and the bases of the 
two pillars in the south arcade of old Albury Church 
are reputed to have been brought from this place. 
Further inclosing banks to the east are said to have 
formerly existed. Some of the coins found here 
by Mr. Tupper, and some found afterwards by 
Mr. Lovell, the schoolmaster of Albury, were sent 
to the British Museum. A systematic exploration, 
and a classification of remains, and pending this 
a cessation of the practice of taking road metal from 
the surface of the common, are much to be desired. 
The Roman road traced in Ewhurst parish would, if 
continued, have come close by here, and went on no 
doubt either to Newlands Corner or to the gap in the 
hills at Guildford. This is the Old Bury which gave 
its name to the parish. 

The old village of Albury had grown up by the 
banks of the Tillingbourne, and partly within what is 
now Albury Park, around the village green, which 
adjoined the churchyard ; but Mr. Drummond, in 
1842, finally removed it bodily half a mile to the 
westward, leaving the ancient church intact, and built 
a new parish church in the new village that grew up 
at what formerly had been known as the hamlet of 
Weston Street. 

Albury Park also used to extend on to the chalk 
hill above Shireburn Lane, over what is now farming 
land. The road up the hill was called Old Park Pales 
Lane.' Early in the igth century a Maypole still 
stood at the corner where Blackheath Lane joins the 
west end of Weston Street. 

Albury Park, the Surrey seat of the Duke of North- 
umberland, K.G., is famed both for the sylvan beauty 
of its park and for its gardens. The magnificent trees 
especially a noble avenue of old beeches, some huge 
walnut trees and clumps of hawthorns the irregular 
levels of velvety turf across which stretch long vistas, 



1 It is unknown exactly what coins were 
found by Mr. Tupper, but they are supposed 



to have extended from Domitian to Mag- 
nentius. 

72 



'Manning and Bray, op. cit ii, iz6. 



BLACKHEATH HUNDRED 



ALBURY 



including peeps of the little Tillingbourne stream and 
of the lake before the house, with its swans ; the half- 
ruined ancient church, almost hidden by its stately 
cedars, and the house make this park, though its area 
is but small, one of the loveliest in Surrey. The 
gardens also merit the praise bestowed on them by 
William Cobbett : 'Take it altogether,' he says, 'this 
certainly is the prettiest garden I ever beheld. There 
was taste and sound judgment at every step in the 
laying out of this place.' The famous John Evelyn, 
in 1667, at the request of Thomas Howard, Earl of 
Arundel and Duke of Norfolk, 'designed the plot of 
the canal and garden, with a crypt through the hill.' 
Although the canal has been drained, a terrace of 
beautiful green sward, about a quarter of a mile in 
length, remains, together with the ' crypt,' and a 
wonderful yew hedge, ' or rather,' as Cobbett writes, 
'a row of small yew trees, the trunks of which are 
bare for about 8 or I o ft. high, and the tops of 
which form one solid head of about I oft. high, while 
the bottom branches come out on each side of the 
row about 8 ft. horizontally. This hedge or row,' 
he adds, ' is a quarter of a mile long. There is a 
nice, hard sand road under this species of umbrella ; 
and summer and winter, here is a most delightful 
walk.' ' 

The Catholic Apostolic Church, close to Albury 
Park, is a cruciform building, with a western tower 
and an octagonal chapter-house, designed in a starved 
imitation of late I 5th-century architecture, and built 
about 1 840 by Mr. Drummond. Immediately oppo- 
site, on the south side, is a fine old timber-framed 
house, with square and circle patterns in its main 
gable, moulded barge-boards, projecting upper stories 
and mullioned windows, recalling the design of Great 
Tangley, in Wonersh parish, a few miles to the west. 
This was no doubt an important house at one time. 
In and around Albury are many half-timber cottages 
and houses, as at Madgehole, Jelleys, Colman's Hol- 
low, Mayor House Farm, and Shophouse Farm. 4 
Pit House is another ancient house with an old roof not 
far from the site of a Roman settlement. Many years 
ago there was in Albury village an important house 
called Weston House after the ancient family of that 
name, who held the manor for centuries. Its stair- 
case, of Spanish mahogany, was re-erected in the 
County Club at Guildford. This was at the west 
end of Weston Street, and is not to be confused with 
Weston House, still standing, at the east end. 

Weston House, in Weston Street, is the seat of 
Mr. W. W. Wright ; Weston Lodge, of Colonel 
Martindale ; Dalton Hill, of Colonel Malthus. 

Albury has had several distinguished residents. 
William Oughtred, the famous mathematician of his 
day, was rector from 1610 to 1 660, holding the pre- 
ferment through the Civil War time till he died in 



possession a month after the Restoration. Samuel 
Horsley, afterwards Bishop of Rochester and of 
St. Asaph, was rector 1 77480. The Rev. Edward 
Irving resided a good deal in the parish when the 
Catholic Apostolic Church was being founded. Mr. 
Martin Tupper was a resident till a few years before 
his death, and composed his once-famous Proverbial 
Philosophy here. The scene of his romance, Stephen 
Langton, is laid in the neighbourhood, but embodies no 
real local history. 

The history of ALBVRT M4NOR 
MANORS before the Conquest is obscure. It is 
quite uncertain whether the two 
'mansae' in Albury, held by Chertsey before the 
Conquest, and attributed (falsely) to the grant of 
Frithwald of the 7th century,' were part of their East 
Clandon Manor reaching into this parish or at one of 
the two other places in Surrey called ' Aldeberie.' 

In Domesday it appears that Azor held it of the Con- 
fessor, and it was granted after the Conquest to Richard 
de Tonbridge, ancestor of the de Clares and their de- 
scendants, 6 in whom the overlordship was vested till it 
lapsed in the 1 6th century. 7 Roger D'Abernon was 
tenant under Richard, 8 and his descendants were 
lords of the manor for more than five centuries. 9 In 
the i 3th century 10 it formed the dower of Joan widow 
of Ingram D'Abernon. John 
D'Abernon obtained a grant 
of free warren here in 1253." 
The manor passed with Eliza- 
beth daughter and co-heir of 
William D'Abernon, who died 
in 1359, to the Croyser fami- 
ly," and through Elizabeth's 
granddaughter Anne to Henry 
Norbury." From them it de- 
scended to Joan wife of Sir 
Urian Brereton," who con- 
veyed it in 1550-1 to Henry 

Foisted and his wife Alice in consideration of an 
annuity to Joan and her heirs. 15 The manor was so 
settled that after the death of Alice, who survived 
her husband, it remained to Vincent, son and heir 
of Edward Randall. 16 His estates descended to Sir 
Edward Randall of Edlesborough, Buckinghamshire," 
who sold the manor in 1633-4 to J onn Gresham of 
Fulham. 18 In 1638 John Gresham and George Dun- 
combe conveyed it to the trustees of Thomas, Earl 
of Arundel. 19 After some delay, owing to the se- 
questration of the earl's estates," during which time 
George Duncombe resumed possession and held courts, 
Mr. Henry Howard paid the purchase money to the 
Duncombes before 1655," and acquired Albury. He 
was grandson to the Earl of Arundel, and later 
succeeded as Duke of Norfolk. He conveyed it to 
trustees for sale in 1 680." It was purchased by 




D'ABERNON. 

a cAeveron or. 



Azure 



' Cobbett, Rural Walks and Rides. 

* Old Cottages and Domestic Architecture 
in South-'west Surr. (2nd ed.), 91. 

4 Birch, Cart. Sax. i, 39. 

* y.C.H.Surr.i, 3193. 

^ Excirpta e Rot. Fin. (Rec. Com.), i, 
272 ; Chan. Inq. p.m. 8 Edw. II, no. 68 ; 
ibid. 3 Hen. V, no. 37 ; ibid. (Ser. 2), 
cclxxiii, 99. 

8 V.C.H.Surr.\, 3190. 

* The detailed history is coincident with 
that of Stoke D'Abernon (q.v.). 

" Add. Chart. (B.M.), 5562. 
11 Cat. of Chart. R. i, 435. 



11 Chan. Inq. p.m. 18 Ric. II, no. 108. 

Feet of F. Div. Co. 14 Hen. VI, 184; 
Add. Chart. (B.M.), 5618. 

" See account of the family under Stoke 
D'Abernon. 

15 Feet of F. Div. Co. Mich. 3 Edw. VI. 
The annuity descended to Joan's daughters, 
Mary wife of Sir Robert Peckham, and 
Anne wife of Sir George Cobham. The 
latter's son, Sir John Cobham, forfeited 
his share to the Crown. James I granted 
it to Sir Edward Randall, then lord of 
Albury, and to others ; Chan. Inq. p.m. 
(Ser. 2), clxix, 40 ; Pat. 3 Jas. I, pt. xxr. 

73 



18 Chan. Inq. p.m. (Ser. 2), cxci, 78 ; 
Chan. Proc. Eliz. R r, x, 54. 

11 Chan. Inq. p.m. (Ser. 2), cclxxiii, 99. 

18 Close, 9 Chas. I, pt. xli, no. 1 1 8. 
Gresham mortgaged it immediately to 
George Duncombe of Albury ; Close, 10 
Chas. I, pt. xxviii, m. 33. 

Feet of F. Surr. Mil. 13 Chan. I. 

80 Cal. of Com. for Compounding iv, 
2471. 

u Evelyn's Diary, 10 Aug. 1655 ; cf. 
19 June 1662. 

m Close, 32 Chas. II, pt. xiv, no. 10. 

10 



A HISTORY OF SURREY 



Heneage Finch, first Earl of Aylesford, Solicitor- 
General to Charles II, who presented to the church in 
1691," and was in possession 
of the manor in the latter part 
of the 1 7th century." His 
son the second earl lived at 
Albury. The fourth earl sold 
the manor to his brother, Cap- 
tain William Clement Finch, 15 
of whom Samuel Thornton, 
Governor of the Bank of Eng- 
land, bought it in 1800. He 
made it his residence.** In 
1 8 1 1 John Thornton and his 
wife Eliza sold the rent from the 
manor to Charles Wall," who 




FINCH, Earl of Ayles- 
ford. Argent a che-veron 
between three griffins 
passant sable. 



appears to have sold in 1819 to Henry Drummond, 
M.P. for West Surrey from 1847 to 1860, an enthu- 
siastic supporter of Irving. The ' little prophetic 
parliament ' which originated the Catholic Apostolic 
Church met at his house at Albury, and at a later date 
he built a church for the community near his park.' 8 
From Henry Drummond the manor descended through 
his daughter Louisa to her son the present Duke of 
Northumberland. 19 

An engraving of 1645 gives a clear idea of the 
ancient house that then stood upon the site of the 
present building. This shows an irregular elevation of 
half-timber gables, backed by a long ridge of roof with 
many chimneys, and flanked by a square-topped wing 
on the right, the whole inclosed within a walled court- 
yard, in which is an arched gateway. This picturesque 
and rambling structure, which must have had many 
points of resemblance to the old house of the Evelyns 
at Wotton, judging by John Evelyn's drawing of the 
latter, was burnt down in Queen Anne's reign and 
rebuilt by the Earl of Aylesford. Mr. Samuel Thorn- 
ton, M.P., owner from 1800 to 181 1, altered it again. 
It was remodelled in red brick and stone by Pugin 
during Mr. Drummond's ownership. Perhaps the 
most interesting of its treasures is the fine collection of 
old paintings formed here by Mr. Drummond, which 
include a portrait of Melanchthon by Holbein, Cor- 
nelius Schall's ' Four Doctors,' and portraits of many 
royal and noble personages connected with the 
Northumberland family. 

WESTON M4NOR, known in the 1 7th and i8th 
centuries as Weston Gomshall, possibly to distinguish it 
from the~*second Weston, is situated about the village 
now called Albury, but formerly known as Weston 
Street. It gave its name to an ancient Surrey family 
who occur as lords of many manors, and now hold 
West Horsley. Early in the 1 3th century David son of 
Nicholas was dealing with land in Weston. 30 In 1254-5 
John of Weston granted a messuage, mill, and a caru- 
cate of land in Weston to Thomas of Weston to held 




WESTON of Weston. 
Sable a cheveron or be- 
tween three lions' heads 
razed argent. 



of him and his heirs. 31 Early in the next century John 

D'Abernon unjustly dispossessed Thomas of Weston 

of his common of pasture in 

Albury. 3 * He seems to have 

been succeeded by William of 

Weston, who obtained licence 

to hear service in the chapels 

of his manors of Weston and 

West Clandon. 3 ' In 1335 

this William of Weston was in 

possession. The manor was 

to revert at his death to his 

grandson William. 54 Margery 

widow of the William Weston 

of Weston and Clandon died 

seised of a tenement in Albury 

called Weston in 1361 ; 3S and John Weston of Weston 

died in 1440, leaving a son who died without issue 

and three daughters, of whom the one, Anne, married 

Thomas Slyfield ; 38 another, Joan, Thomas Pope ; and 

the third, Margaret, William Wells. 

Thomas Slyfield and his son John granted the 
manor to Richard Eliot," whose son Richard mort- 
gaged and finally sold it to George Holman of Lon- 
don. 38 He conveyed to George Duncombe of Shal- 
ford in l6lo-u. 39 Sir Richard Onslow and his son 
Arthur seem to have had some 
claim on the manor from 1644 
to 1 677," but it remained in 
the possession of the Dun- 
combe family, for in 1693 
George Duncombe was deal- 
ing with it, 41 and his daugh- 
ters Hester Woodroffe and 
Anne Sturt sold it in 1724 
to Abel Alleyne, 4 ' after whose 
death it was sold to Sir Robert 
Godschall. He died in 1 742, 
and it descended to Nicholas 
Godschall. 43 His only daugh- 
ter and heiress Sarah married 
William Man, F.R.S., 44 who 

took the name of Godschall and lived at Weston.* 5 
His son, the Rev. Samuel Man Godschall, succeeded. 
After his death it was sold to Henry Drummond, 
then lord of Albury, 46 since when its history has been 
coincident with that of Albury. 

There was a second Weston Manor near the par- 
sonage house of Albury, but lying in a detached part 
of Shere parish, and called Weston in Shere. 47 

Alderbrook, the seat of Mr. Pandeli Ralli, is pos- 
sibly the site of ' Aldrebrook,' sold in 1 3 74-5 by 
Roger Libbesofte and Joan his wife to Robert Brown. 43 
The old church of Sr. PETER and 
CHURCHES ST. PAUL lies close to the stream, 
and within a short distance of the 




DUNCOMBE. Party 

chciieronivise and en- 
grailed gules and argent 
three talbotf heads razed 
countertoloured. 



23 Inst. Bks. (P.R.O.), B. 6. 

* Aubrey, Nat. Hist, and Antiq. ofSurr. 
iv, 65. 

25 Gent. Mag. liii, 576. 

ffi Manning and HT3y,Hist.ofSurr.ti,i2;. 

1 Add. Chart. (B.M.) 40623. Mrs. Wall 
lived there in 1816 (old print). 

28 Diet. Nat. Biog. nvi, 29. 

29 Gent. Mag. (new ser.), viii, 41 3. 

80 Feet of F. Surr. 1 3 Hen. Ill, 23 

81 Ibid. 38 & 39 Hen. Ill, 17. 

8a Assize quoted by Symmes ; Add. MS. 
(B.M.), 6167, fol. 24. 

88 Egerton MS. 203 1, foUi 13 ; 2032, fol. 



90. The first grant was between 1305 and 
1316, the second between 1 3 33 and 1345. 

84 Feet of F. Surr. 9 Edw. Ill, 9. 

85 Chan. Inq. p.m. 36 Edw. Ill, pt. ii 
(ist nos.), no. 75. 

86 Chan. Inq. p.m. 19 Hen. VI, no. 5. 
8 " Chan. Proc. (Ser. 2), bdle. 41, no. 

1 2,where it is thus stated, but Manning and 
Bray (op. cit. ii, 126) quote an enfeoftment 
of Henry Slyfield son of Thomas, and say 
that he joined in a sale of the manor to 
Richard Eliot in 1521. 

83 Close, 42 Eliz. pt. viii ; ibid. 42 Eliz. 
pt xxiv. 

74 



89 Close, 8 Jas. I, pt. viii. 

* Recov. R. Mich. 29 Chas. I, m. 240; 
ibid. Mich. 1650, m. 19 ; ibid. Hil. 28 & 
29 Chas. II, m. 57. 

Feet of F. Surr. Hil. 4 & 5 Will, 
and Mary. 

Ibid. Hil. 10 Geo. I. 

43 Feet of F. Surr. Hil. 16 Geo. II. 

44 Gent. Mag. xxii, 432. 

45 Ibid. Uxii, 1169. 

46 Braj-ley, To fog. Hist, of Surr. v, 1 60. 

4 7 For its history see under Shere. 

Feet of F. Surr. 48 Edw. Ill, 
115. 



BLACKHEATH HUNDRED 



house of Albury Park. It is a most picturesque build- 
ing, containing features of great archaeological interest. 
The chancel has for m.iny years been roofless, and 
the whole building is covered with masses of ivy, 
which is slowly but surely disintegrating the walls. 

The church is constructed of ironstone and sand- 
stone rubble, with dressings of Bargate stone, clunch, 
and firestone, chiefly plastered. The nave roof is 
partly covered with Horsham slabs, the aisle and 
porch with tiles, the transept with slates, and the 
tower has a domed covering of shingles and lead. 

The plan is unusual in several respects, consisting 
of a nave 30 ft. gin. by 19 ft. 4 in. with north 
porch, a south aisle 13 ft. I in. wide and 32 ft. 6 in. 
long, a tower to the east of the nave 1 5 ft. 6 in. by 
14 ft. 2 in., a south transept opening out of the aisle 
and tower 20 ft. by 15 ft. loin., and a chancel 
26 ft. 3 in. by 14 ft. 4 in. 

In origin the nave is that of the pre-Conquest 
church, or at least of that mentioned in Domesday. 
The character of the north-east quoin and the lofty 
walls rather favours the former date, but all the original 
windows and other features have 
been replaced by later insertions, 
so that the evidence is meagre. 
The tower, between the nave and 
the chancel, either stands upon 
the site, or incorporates part of 
the walls, of the original chancel ; 
probably the internal area is that 
of the latter, and its walls have 
been thickened in an outward di- 
rection to 3 ft. 10 in., the two 
upper stages being decreased in 
thickness. There is no staircase, 
and the tower is now open to the 
roof. The walls are plastered ex- 
ternally. The ground story is 
lighted only by a small round- 
headed window on the north side, 
6 in. wide, splaying out, without a 
rebate, to 2 ft. on the inside. In 
the next stage is a very interesting 
two-light opening in the north wall, 
under a semicircular arch, having a central shaft with 
scalloped capital and base, recalling those in the tower 
of Cobham Church in this county. 49 This and other 
features suggest a date of about 1140-50. On the 
east and south sides of the middle stage are other 
coupled lights, but with plain piers of masonry instead 
of the little column. Above these again, in the top- 
most stage (which was crowned with brick battlements 
about 1820), are two separate openings on each face, 
large, with square heads, on the west, and small and 
round-headed on the other sides. The round-headed 
arches towards the nave and chancel are in firestone, 
on square jambs, with chamfered and hollow-cham- 
fered imposts, each about 9 ft. wide, and high in pro- 
portion. The eastern has a quirked roll on the angle, 
with a chamfered hood-moulding having a plain sunk 
zigzag or hatched pattern on its outer face. The 
western arch has a similar roll-moulding with a hollow 
cut set on the angle, and above it a shallow ornament 



ALBURY 

like a circular cusping, with balls at the points of the 
cusps. 50 The arch to the transept from the tower is 
of late 13th-century character, but it has been much 
modernized. 

Of the izth-century chancel no trace remains, and 
the walls of the present chancel are apparently a good 
deal later. They incline markedly to the north on 
plan, and the partly-destroyed windows in the north 
and south walls and the gutted opening of a late 
tracery window in the east wall give no certain clue 
to the date, while no piscina or aumbry is now visible. 
Probably the 13th-century chancel was re-modelled 
in the i6th century. 

A spacious south aisle was added to the nave about 
1280, with an arcade of three pointed arches of two 
chamfered orders, on octagonal columns with moulded 
capitals, the eastern and western arches having a corbel 
of similar section in place of a respond." The bases of 
the columns are evidently spoil from some more ancient 
building, being circular capitals in Sussex marble, 
turned upside down and mutilated to fit their new 
position. These are mounted upon rough circular 




PLAN OF ALBURY CHURCH 

plinths of Bargate stone, which may be older than 
the bases themselves, the mouldings of which indicate 
work of about 1 200. Upon the western face of both 
columns is a small shallow square-headed niche. All 
the windows of the nave and aisle have been robbed 
of their tracery, so that they present a very forlorn 
and gaping appearance. This is the more to be 
regretted, as, from the delicacy of the mouldings, they 
must have been very graceful examples of early bar 
tracery when perfect. They are built of a curious 
mixture of chalk, or clunch, and dark red-brown iron- 
stone. The window in the west wall of the aisle 
has been altered in the iyth century, its head being 
made circular. That in the west wall of the nave 
was of three lights, and above it in the apex of the 
gable is a plain circular opening, also devoid of tracery; 
another smaller one is in the corresponding gable-end 
of the aisle. The buttresses of the west and south 
walls, and the wide south doorway, appear to be all of 



49 The tower of the neighbouring church 
of Shere has a simitar two-light opening 
in its second stage, but with a square pier 
between the lights. 

40 At in the doorway to the chapter- 



house, Oxford Cathedral, and New Romney, 
Kent. Something like it is found in the 
cusped ornament round the chancel arch 
at Eastbourne, and the arch to the inner 
chancel at Compton, Surrey. 

75 



51 Almost exactly the same as a corbel 
in the south aisle of Cranleigh Church, a, 
few miles to the south-west. 



A HISTORY OF SURREY 



the 1 2 80 period. Owing to the rise in the ground 
outside, there are now three steps down into the aisle. 
In the eastern part of this south wall there are 
indications of a blocked piscina. 

The transeptal chapel, which opens by a modern 
or greatly modernized arch, with a screen in it, into 
the aisle, is apparently only a little later than the 
aisle. It has two buttresses at either angle, and the 
setting of a large ancient window filled with modern 
tracery, and in its east wall are two windows of two 
lights worked in chalk, which appear to be ancient ; 
the sub-arches are simply pointed, and there is no 
cusping in the head. Under the southern of these is 
an ancient piscina. This transept, which has been 
incongruously roofed with slate, was restored and 
richly decorated in colour, from the designs of 
Mr. Pugin, as a mortuary chapel for the Drummond 




ALBURY OLD CHURCH : THE PORCH 

family, whose motto, ' Gang warily,' with the initial 
D, is powdered on the walls, roof, and screens inside. 
All the windows are filled with stained glass. Be- 
tween the two eastern windows is a modern niche, 
containing a carving of the Crucifixion, with our Lady 
and St. John ; and against the south wall, on a raised 
platform, is an altar-tomb to Mr. Drummond, mem- 
bers of whose family are commemorated by slabs with 
brass crosses in the floor below. 

The roofs over the nave and aisle, much patched, 
and covered with lath and plaster, are ancient. The 



floors are paved with old stone slabs, and some ancient 
tiles remain in the aisle. 

One of the most interesting features of the building is 
the beautiful timber porch on the north side of the nave. 
The north doorway, to which it conducts (which retains 
its original oak door and strap-hinges, oak lock-case, and 
a key over a foot long), is a century and a half earlier 
(c. 1330), the porch dating from about 1480. A 
curious point is that it is nearly a foot longer on its 
eastern side (9 ft. 6 in.) than on its western. The 
openings in the sides are square-headed and delicately 
moulded, 61 with a moulded cornice on the inside and 
a richly traceried and carved barge-board, in which 
are pierced quatrefoils with rosettes in their centres. 
The wide outer opening has a flat four-centred head, 
with roses in the spandrels. 

This porch door the principal entrance from the 
old village commands a view of a remarkable 
painting of St. Christopher, over the opposite 
door in the south wall of the aisle, which was 
brought to light during some repairs a few years 
ago. The details (such as the pleated shirt worn 
by the saint) fix the date of the painting at 
about 1480, the same as the porch. On the 
east wall of the aisle is a fragment of earlier 
painting, probably nearly two centuries older, 
and there are traces of colour on the columns 
and elsewhere. Probably the nave and arcade 
walls would yield other subjects if carefully 
searched. 

The early font has been carried off to the 
new parish church, but its base block, a great 
circular drum of Bargate stone, remains close to 
the western column of the arcade. 

In the floor of the aisle is a slab of blue 
marble, slightly tapering, 6 ft. 3 in. long by 
2 ft. I in. at the head, with a very worn in- 
scription, which appears to read as follows : 

WILLEMVM : TERNVM : DE : WESTONE : SVSCIPE : 
CIST (for CHRISTE) : LVMEN : ETERNVM : 
QVEM : DEPRIMIT : Hie : LAPIS : ISTE : 

From the character of the lettering, which 
appears to have been filled with a black sub- 
stance, this may be the tomb slab of the founder 
of the western aisle or chantry towards the end 
of the i 3th century. 

Westward of this is another marble slab in the 
pavement, bearing the brass of John Weston of 
Weston, who died in 1440. He is represented in 
complete plate armour. Above the head is the 
matrix of a shield, set diagonally, and over it 
there may have been a helm and crest. It is somewhat 
singular that, point for point, down to the minutest 
detail, this brass agrees with that of Sir John Throck- 
morton, dated 1445, in Fladbury Church, Worcester- 
shire. Each shows a small spring pin passing through 
a ring, or staple, on the left side of the breastplate, 
and another on the left elbow-piece both connected 
with extra defences to the left, or bridle, arm. 5 * The 
ground on which the feet stand is covered with 
flowers. Beneath is the inscription : Hicjacet Johis 
Weston de Weston Armiger qui obijt xxiii die : 



M The mouldings and plain square- 53 Although this type of military brass 

headed openings are exactly like those of is a fairly common one, the detail referred 



the chapel screen of Croydon Palace, and 
also a parclose screen in Wonersh Church, 
near Albury. 



to is very seldom met with. It occurs 
also on the brass of a knight of the De 

7 6 



Cuttles family, in Arkesden Church, Essex, 
c. 144.0. These three brasses may well 
have been executed by the same engraver 
in London. 




ALBURV OLD CHURCH FROM THE SOUTH-EAST IN 1875, BEFORE THE CHANCEL WAS UNROOFED 




DUNSFOLD CHURCH: IJTH-CENTURY PEWS 



BLACKHEATH HUNDRED 



Novembris Anno dffl Millmo CCCC xl ' cuiO 
ai5 ppiciet' de* ame : 

There is also a small brass on the north wall, framed 
into a tablet, commemorating Henry Wicks, a servant 
of Queen Elizabeth, King James, and King Charles 
(1657) ; and monuments to Elizabeth Merrye, 1652, 
Edith Duncombe, daughter of John Carrill, late of 
Tangley, 1628 (south wall), and others to the Dun- 
combe, Risbridger, and other local families of the 
iyth and i8th centuries. These are all of good 
design, according to their periods, and of rich mate- 
rials ; alabaster and black and white marble being 
employed, and the heraldry coloured and gilt. 

Of the new church all that need be said is that it is 
in brick, and modelled upon the church of Than, 
near Caen, in Normandy, that it is transeptal, with 
an apsidal chapel, added by the late Duke of Northum- 
berland, and has a tower at the north-west angle. 
There is much stained glass, including a memorial 
window to Mr. Drummond, painted by Lady Gage ; 
and the font, probably of early 12th-century date, 
was removed here from the old church. 

The registers date from 1559. 

The plate includes a silver cup, paten cover, flagon, 
and silver alms-bason, of 1714, the last-named in- 



ALFOLD 

scribed : ' The gift of Heneage, Lord Guernsey 
[Master of the Jewell House] to the Parish of Albury 
the place of his birth, 1714..' 

The bells, brought from the old church, are six in 
number, and, with the exception of the treble, which 
was added in 1841, they date from 1695, and bear 
the name of William Eldridge. 

Albury Church is mentioned in 

JDrOffSON the Domesday Survey of the manor. 

The advowson was and is vested in 

the lord of Albury Manor. The living was valued 

at 12 in 1291," and at 18 in 1535." 

The charities are numerous ; in 
CHARITIES addition to the usual Smith's Charity, 
an annuity of l izs., charged on 
land, was left by Alice Foisted in I 586 for distribution 
among the poor ; the interest on 400 was left by 
William Risbridger in 1754 to put poor children to 
school, to be given in bread, and to provide a sermon, 
with a gratuity for the poor who listened to it. The 
Duncombe Charity, for the poor generally, was left in 
1705 and 1712 by Olive daughter of John Child of 
Guildford and widow of Henry Duncombe of Weston, 
Albury, who died 1688. This was invested in land 
and produces 200 a year. 56 



ALFOLD 



Alfaude (xiii cent.) ; Aldfbld, Awfold (xvii cent.). 

Alfold is a rural parish on the borders of Surrey 
and Sussex, bounded on the north by Hascombe and 
Cranleigh, on the east by Cranleigh, on the south by 
Rudgwick, Wisborough Green, and Kirdford (all in 
Sussex), on the west by Dunsfold. It measures 
roughly 2} miles north to south, a little over a mile 
east to west. It now contains 2,974 acres. The 
parish formerly extended into Sussex, and inclosed an 
outlying piece of Albury. In 1880 the Albury part 
was added to Alfold, 1 and in 1884 the Sussex por- 
tion was transferred to parishes in the county.* 
About 150 acres, with ten to fifteen inhabitants 
only, were added to Sussex, and about 50 acres taken 
from Albury. The soil is Wealden clay, and grows 
nothing much except forest trees and oats. There 
are no wastes in the parish, and the roadside grass is 
not above 20 acres in all. A great part of the parish 
is wooded, and it was all formerly in the Wealden 
Forest ; 917 acres are tithe-free, as ' woodland in 
the Weald of Surrey and Sussex.' * 

In Sydney Wood were glass-houses, of which the 
only relic is the name Glass House Fields. A glass- 
house is marked in Speed's map. Aubrey (i7th cen- 
tury) saw the graves of French glass-makers in the 
churchyard, but the industry was extinct in his time, 
so the French were not refugees after the Revocation 
of the Edict of Nantes, as stated by Brayley. Char- 
coal was extensively burnt in the parish for gun- 
powder works in Dunsfold, Cranleigh, and Sussex. 

A road from Guildford to Arundel, made in 1809,' 
traverses the village. Before this time there was 
no made road in the parish, and fifty years ago there 



was no other. The disused Wey and Arun Canai 
passes through the parish. 

Alfold Park, which belonged to the manor of 
Shalford, contained 300 acres. It had ceased to be 
a park when Speed's map was made, and was not 
mentioned among twenty-one Surrey parks of the 
compass of a mile in the proceedings under the Act 
for the Increase of Horses. 5 It is unknown when it 
was disparked. The house is, though partly mod- 
ernized, a good specimen of an old timbered house, 
formerly with a hall with a louvre over, the chimney 
being a Tudor addition. There are the remains of 
a moat round it. The house is now known as 
Alfold Park Farm. There are also the remains of 
a moat at Wildwood Farm. The parish was rich 
in timbered farms and cottages, some of them being 
now altered, some pulled down. 

A Baptist chapel was erected in 1883, and an ele- 
mentary school in 1876. Sydney Manor is the resi- 
dence of Mr. George Wyatt, Sachel Court of 
Mr. Thomas Wharrie. 

In the lane leading up to the church, and close to 
the churchyard gate, the village stocks are still pre- 
served ; a shed-roof has lately been erected over them. 

Besides the ancient tile-hung cottages grouped 
round this lane, a notable example of the half-timber 
house, originally built by a substantial yeoman in 
the early years of the l6th century, remains in 
Alfold House at the entrance to the village. This 
was originally constructed entirely from the founda- 
tion of timber framework, filled with wattle and 
daub. In plan it was of J-shape with hall (about 
23ft. by 1 9 ft.) between offices and living rooms. 



M Popt Nich. Tax. (Rec. Com.), 208. 
" falor Eccl. (Rec. Com.), ii, 29. 
* Return to Part. 1786 and present 
information. 



1 By Loc. Govt. Bd. Order 10920, 
2 Dec. 

s Loc. Govt. Bd. Order 16533, 2 4 Mar - 

77 



8 Cf. f.C.H.Surr. ii, 613. 
4 Stat. 49 Geo. Ill, cap. 12. 
6 27 Hen. VIII, cap. 6. 



A HISTORY OF SURREY 



In late years it has been a good deal injured by 
the insertion of modern windows in place of the 
ancient mullioned openings filled with lead lights, 
but it still retains its arched doorway and a projecting 
gable, carried on a moulded bressummer and brackets 
and having a foliated barge-board. 6 

W1LDWOQD? now represented by 
MANORS Great and Little Wildwood Farms and 
Wildwood Copse and Moat, was formerly 
possessed by the lords of Albury and Stoke D'Aber- 
non, the D'Abernons and their successors. 8 In the 
1 3th century the D'Abernon family had land in 
Alfold, 9 and in a deed of 1313 John D'Abernon's 
wood called ' le Wylwode ' is mentioned. This was 
probably the wood of 40 acres of oaks, possibly the 




ALFOLD : OLD HOUSE 

' Wealden ' Wood named in the inquisition on the 
Albury Manor. 10 In 1391 Elizabeth Grey, lady of 
Stoke D'Abernon, widow of Sir William Croyser, 



granted the soil and wood of Wildwood except 
the moat, grange, and manorial rights " to John, 
Duke of Lancaster, and others." The descent of 
Wildwood followed that of Albury till 1626, when 
Sir Edward Randyll alienated it to Elizabeth Ons- 
low, widow, and Sir Richard Onslow, 13 from whom 
it seems to have passed to the Duncombes of Wes- 
ton." With Weston it descended to Nathaniel 
Sturt, who is said to have sold it in 1736 to either 
Richard or Francis Dorrington, from whom it was 
purchased by Henry Page. He bequeathed it to his 
cousin Richard Skeet of Effingham, whose son Richard 
succeeded him as owner." 

MARKWICK and MONKSNHOOK were among 
the possessions of Waverley Abbey, 16 but Markwick 
only was assessed as the property of 
the abbey in 1534-5." The ' manors 
of Markwick and Monken hook ' were 
included within the grant of the site of 
the abbey to Sir William Fitz William, 
at whose death they appear under the 
name of the manor of Alfold, 18 and de- 
scended to Anthony, second Viscount 
Montagu, 19 who alienated the estate circa 
1623," evidently to agents in a sale to 
Simon Carrill of Tangley, for it appears 
afterwards in the possession of the three 
daughters of John Carrill," and de- 
scended with that part of his estate 
which was assigned to Henry Ludlow 
and his wife Margaret." Giles son 
of Thomas Strangways sold them in 
1784 to Thomas Boehm, the owner 
in 1808." The Earl of Onslow is now 
lord of the manor. 

It was said in the 1 7th century that 
the lord of Markwick had both court 
baron and court leet, while the lord of 
Monkenhook had court baron." The 
courts were held at Rickhurst and Hook 
Street. 

The reputed manor of STDNET alias 
HEDGECOURT or RICKHURST lies 
partly in Dunsfold. The family of Syd- 
ney can be traced in the surrounding 
parishes from the 1 4th century, while 
John at Sydney witnessed a deed con- 
cerning lands in Alfold in 1313." In 
1413 the lord of the manor of Shalford 
Bradestan is said to have granted Rick- 
hurst and other land in Alfold to 
William Sydney and his wife Agnes. 16 

In 1595-6 Richard Ireland died possessed r/f a 
house called ' Sydneys,' which was held of the lord of 



6 Resembling one in a house at Sham- 
ley Green and another in the rear of 
West Horsley Place, Surrey. 

* Formerly an outlying part of Albury 
parish. 

8 See the account of Stoke D'Abernon. 

9 Surr. Arch. Coll. xviii, 222. 

10 Chan. Inq. p.m. I Edw. Ill, no. 53. 

11 The manorial rights probably apper- 
tained to Albury Manor, for Wildwood 
itself never seems to have been a separate 
manor. 

11 Close, 14 Ric. II, m. 8 d. 

Feet of F. Surr. Mich. 2 Chas. I. 

14 See Albury. 

15 Manning and Bray, op. cit. ii, 7. 



16 In 1346 the Abbot of Waverley 
proved his claim to view of frankpledge 
in his ' manor of Bramley.' Cal. Pat. 
1345-8, p. 220. This may possibly refer 
to Markwick and Monkenhook, which 
appear to be the only lands in or near 
Bramley held by the abbey. In a bill of 
sale in 1 784 they include land in Dunsfold 
and Bramley. 

V Yalor Eccl. (Rec. Com.), ii, 34. 
Probably it included Monkenhook. 

18 Chan. Inq. p.m. (Ser. 2), Ixx, 29. 

19 See V.C.H. Surr. ii, 624. 

80 Recov. R. East. 20 Jas. I, m. 51 and 
14. 
al Feet of F. Surr. HiL 23-4 Chas. II ; 

78 



Hil. 25-6 Chas. II ; Hil. 26-7 Chas. II ; 
Mich. 30 Chas. II. Symmes, writing 
later in the same century, says that their 
uncle, Simon Carrill, was the purchaser ; 
Add. MS. 6167, fol. 135. 

M Exch. Spec. Com. 6485. See under 
Bramley. 

58 Manning and Bray, op. cit. ii, 70 ; and 
Bill of Sale, in which the manor includes 
GrarVham and Burningfold, that is probably 
some land of the latter. 

Add. MS. (B.M.) 6167, fol. 135. 

"Add. Chart 5585. See also Cal. 
Feet of F. Surr. ; Surr. Arch. Coll. 
passim. 

46 Manning and Bray, Surr. ii, 64. 






BLACKHEATH HUNDRED 



ALFOLD 



Pollingfold." He left a sister and heir Elizabeth, 
a minor at the time of his death, and it was 
probably from her that it passed ultimately to the 
Dorrington family, who held it during the I yth and 
following centuries.* 9 Sydney Wood was purchased 
by Sir John Frederick, lord of Hascombe, with which 
manor it descended till the igth century.* 9 It was 
in 1903 the property of Mr. George Wyatt, but 
has since been bought by Messrs. J. E. Sparkes 
and H. Mellersh. 

The church of ST. NICHOLAS 
CHURCH stands upon a knoll of rising ground 
in the centre of the village, flanked by 
a cluster of charming old tile-hung cotisges. The 
churchyard is prettily surrounded by trees, and con- 
tains several larches and one or two yews of some 
antiquity. 30 Dotted about among the graves are a 
number of cypresses and other evergreens, and in 
early spring the grass is thick with crocuses and 
daffodils. The churchyard has been extended con- 
siderably beyond its ancient boundaries. 

The building in itself and with its surround- 
ings is delightfully picturesque, especially as 
viewed from the south-east. 

Bargate stone rubble, plastered outside and in, 
has been employed for the walls, with dressings 
of the same stone ; but internally the hard chalk, 
or clunch, also quarried locally, has been used 
in the south arcade, the chancel arch, and the 
15th-century features of the chancel. The 
chancel roof and the roofs over the aisles and 
porches are still ' healed ' with Horsham slabs ; 
the bell-turret and its spire are covered with oak 
shingles, and the porches are of oak. 

In plan the church consists of a nave, 36 ft. 
4 in. by 21 ft. z in., north and south aisles, 
about 7 ft. 5 in. wide (the south aisle is slightly 
longer than the nave) ; chancel, 1 7 ft. 5 in. wide 
by 1 6 ft. 5 in. long; north and south porches, 
and a vestry lately erected on the north of the 
chancel. The simple outlines of nave and chancel 
give the plan of the primitive church, erected 
perhaps about lioo, of which the only visible 
relic besides plain walling is the remarkable 
font. 

The south aisle was added about 1 1 90, the old 
walls being pierced with three plain, square-edged, 
obtusely pointed arches, unrelieved by moulding, 
chamfer, or label, and springing from columns and 
responds circular in plan, on square plinths, and having 
capitals of an early circular form, simply moulded. 31 
The western respond only has a circular moulded 
base with angle-spurs. The church must have re- 
mained with one aisle till about 1290, when that on 
the north wis thrown out. Its three arches were 
discovered blocked up in the north wall of the nave 
at the restoration of 1845 ; they were then opened 
and the aisle rebuilt on its old foundations. The 



arches, in rough Bargate stone, are moulded in three 
orders (a hollow between two wave-mouldings), and 
these spring direct from octagonal piers, without 
capitals, which have chamfered plinths instead of 
bases. 3 * The chancel arch is of somewhat similar 
design, but in a firestone, or clunch, and springing 
from plain square piers. The mouldings indicate a 
slightly later date c. 1320 to which period may be 
referred the south aisle windows, with ogee and 
reticulated tracery, and the outline at least of the east 
window of the chancel. The windows of the north 
aisle appear to be entirely modern, and are copies of 
those on the other side, but its doorway (c. 1290) has 
been replaced from the old north wall and retains the 
original oak door with very elaborate diagonally- 
braced framework on the back, a massive oak lock- 
case, and some good wrought-iron hinges and straps, 
partly ancient. The south door, less elaborate, is 
perhaps of the same date. 

The two-light window and piscina in the south 
wall of the chancel, and the splayed opening with 




PLAN OF ALFOLD CHURCH 

four-centred arch in the wall opposite, are of I Jth- 
century date, the piscina being a restoration. a The 
splayed opening now communicates with a modern 
vestry, but it is probable that it was originally an 
arch over a tomb or Easter sepulchre in the thickness 
of the wall, and the splays repeated on the outer face 
suggest that there was at one time a small chapel or 
vestry abutting upon the north wall of the chancel 
into which this arch opened. There is a small 
buttress at the south-east angle of the south aisle and a 
low one beneath the east window of the chancel, both 
perhaps dating from about 1320. Parts of the pic- 
turesque oak porches may belong to the same early 



*i Chan. Inq. p.m. (Ser. 2), ccxlvii, 30. 
The Sydneys had held Baynards in Polling- 
fold (Inq.of 4 Edw. IV preserved at Loseley). 

28 Aubrey (Hitt. and Antiq, of Surr. iv, 
92) says that it was in the possession of 
Captain Dorrington in 1673. There is a 
memorial to Francis Dorrington in Alfold 
Church. He died 1693, aged 75. The 
monument was erected by his grandson 
Edward Dorrington. 

as Manning and Bray, op, cit. ii, 69. 



80 The largest measures about 23 ft. in 
circumference at 4 ft. from the ground. 

81 The general character of this arcade 
resembles the south arcade of Rustington 
Church, Sussex, while the curious features 
of the north arcade are exactly reproduced 
in the north arcade of that church. In 
each case these arcades correspond closely 
in date. The font, strangely enough, is 
very like that in Yapton Church, Sussex, 
within a few miles of Rustington. 

79 



83 Besides the north arcade of Rusting- 
ton Church, which so exactly resembles 
this, there are other arcades without 
capitals at Fetcham, Surrey, and Slindon 
and Coldwaltham, Sussex. 

88 Cracklow's view of 1824 shows that 
the two-light window has been shifted to 
the eastward and raised in the wall at the 
1845 restoration, being possibly shortened 
at the same time. 



A HISTORY OF SURREY 



date, but they have been much restored and are 
largely of new material. That on the south side 
appears in Cracklow's view very much as at present. 

The timber bell-tower, standing on huge oak posts 
worked into a series of hollow mouldings, rises from 
the floor of the nave at its western end and occupies 
the western bay of the arcades, its width across the 
nave (20 ft. 6 in.) being considerably greater than 
from west to east (l I ft. 6 in.). It is spanned both 
ways by arched braces, those on the sides being much 
lower and forming complete four-centred arches. 
The framework of the bell-chamber above and of the 
spire is ancient, and the whole forms a most interest- 
ing piece of mediaeval carpentry, the date of which 
may be placed at about 1500." The bell-cage is 
coeval. 

The present west window of the nave, a dispro- 
portionately large one of five lights, replaces a simple 
two-light opening, having been inserted, together 
with its glass, quite lately as a memorial. 

All the roofs of nave, south aisle, and chancel are of 
massive oak timbers, the spaces between the rafters 
being plastered. Such roofs are difficult to date pre- 
cisely, but these may well be as old as the beginning 
of the 1 4th century. 

The chancel screen is a restoration, incorporating 
parts of one of 15th-century date, and great part of 
the oak seating is of the same period, the bench-ends 
being of a plain square shape, with a moulded cap- 
ping. The pulpit is an interesting example of 
Jacobean date, retaining its sound-board, suspended 
by a scrolled iron rod. 

No ancient paintings are now visible, but in the 
works of 1845, on removing the whitewash, traces of 
a Crucifixion were found over the east window of the 
chancel, and a diaper of flower pots with lilies and 
roses on the north side of the nave. These were un- 
fortunately covered up again, and in recent years the 
chancel walls have been elaborately painted with 
diaper patterns and figures. All the glass now in the 
church is modern. 

The altar is raised on three steps above the chancel, 
the latter, however, being on the same level as the 
nave. 

Few churches in Surrey have such an interesting 
font. It is in Bargate stone, tub-shaped, with a broad 
shallow base of recessed section round which winds a 



cable-moulding, the upper part of the bowl having an 
arcade of eight circular-headed arches on square piers 
with small square imposts incised in a very shallow 
fashion. Within each arch is a Maltese cross on a 
long stem. A similar ornament was added to the 
ancient font in St. Martha's Chapel (q.v.) in 1 849 by 
Mr. Woodyer. The date of the font is about 1 1 oo, 
and its design in the matter of the arcade and crosses 
is remarkably like that of the early font in Yapton 
Church, Sussex. 

The most ancient monument within or without 
the church is to a yeoman family, the Didelsfolds, 
dating from 1670. The monument of Francis Dor- 
rington is of 1693. In the churchyard is a slab said 
to cover the grave of the last of the glass manufac- 
turers. A few incised marks may be found on the 
pillars of the south arcade and on one of the splays of 
the opening in the north wall of the chancel. The 
parish chest is of 1687. 

The registers of burials date from 1658, of bap- 
tisms from 1 66 1, and among other items of interest 
contain several certificates for touching for the king's 
evil. 

Besides three pieces of 1819, 1820, and 1821, 
there are a silver chalice and paten-cover of 1570, 
and a pewter tankard-shaped flagon dated 1664. A 
curious pewter almsdish and a pewter plate have been 
lost between 1839 and 1876. 

Of the three bells the treble and tenor are by 
Bryan Eldridge, of 1631 and 1625, and the second 
is by William Eldridge, 1714. 

The advowson belonged to the 
ADVQWSON lords of Shalford Manor, and is men- 
tioned in the grant of that manor to 
John son of Geoffrey. 14 Richard son of John in- 
herited the advowson, which formed a part of his 
widow's dower, and at her death descended to the 
successive Earls of Ormond, lords of Shiere Vachery, 36 
till early in the 1 6th century, when Edmund Bray 
presented to Alfold. 57 Either he or his descendants 
seem to have sold it, and it afterwards continually 
changed hands. In 1 68 1 Elizabeth Holt, and in 1694 
Christopher Coles, presented, and in 1711 it was in 
the gift of Jacob Whitehead. William Elliott pre- 
sented in 1 80 1, and the Rev. William Elliott in 
1817. The present patron is Sir Henry Harben of 
Warnham. 



BRAMLEY 



Bronlei, Brunlei, Brunlege, Brolege (xi cent.), 
Bromlegh, Bromley, Bromle, (xiii cent.). 

Bramley was originally a part of the ecclesiastical 
parish of Shalford, with a separate chapel since 
probably the nth century at least, for there may be 
work of that or the I2th century in the church, and 
it would seem to be one of the three churches in 
Bramley Manor in 1086. It was a distinct civil 
parish from Shalford before it was ecclesiastically 
separated in 1844. The parish lies south-east of 
Guildford, about 3 miles. It is about 5 miles 
north to south, and 2 miles from east to west, but 



tapers towards the south. It contains 4,510 acres 
of land, and 34 of water. It is bounded on the 
north by Shalford, on the east by Wonersh and Cran- 
leigh, on the south by Hascombe and Dunsfold, on 
the west by Godalming and an outlying part of 
Dunsfold. The soil is the Lower Greensand over 
the great part of the parish, this soil rising into hills 
of some elevation on the borders of Godalming 
parish to the west. Southwards occurs a rather wider 
outcrop of Atherfield clay than is usually seen in 
the neighbourhood, but the Wealden clay is in the 
south-east. 



84 The timber towers of Dunsfold and 
Thursley (q.v.) in Surrey, of the same 
date and character, should be compared 



with this ; probably they are all the work 
of the same gild. 

85 See under Shalford. 

80 



86 Egerton MSS. 203 2, fol. 131 ; 2033, 
fol. 72 ; 2034, fol. 72, 113 ; Feet of F. 
Surr. 10 Hen. VU, 31. 

8 ? Egerton MS. 2034, fol. 159. 



BLACKHEATH HUNDRED 



BRAMLEY 



The country is well wooded. There are extensive 
roadside wastes, but no large commons. The land is 
agricultural. There is a water-mill, Bramley Mill, or 
Snowdenham Mill, worked by a tributary of the Wey, 
which flows from Hascombe into Bramley village, 
where it joins another stream which falls into the 
Wey below the railway bridge of the Brighton line. 
The mouth of this stream was utilized for the old 
Wey and Arun Canal, which here left the former 
river, and passed along the eastern verge of Bramley 
parish. This canal was virtually disused when the 
railway was opened in 1865, and was barely passable 
for a small boat above Bramley village in 1872, and 
is now quite blocked and dry in places. There is a 
station at Bramley on the Brighton line from Guild- 
ford to Horsham, opened in 1865. 

A road from Guildford to Horsham passes through 
Bramley. A branch leads from the village to Has- 
combe and Dunsfold and Alfold. 

Historically it is remarkable that Bramley, which 



Hooper, Woodrough of the Hon. E. P. Thesiger, 
Bramley Grange of Colonel Fox Webster, Nore of 
Colonel Godwin Austen, and Unstead Park of Mr. 
L. C. W. Phillips. Lord John Russell had a lease of 
the last named during Sir Robert Peel's ministry, when 
the Whigs were out of office. 

The Parish Schools were built by Mrs. Sutherland 
in 1850, and enlarged in 1874, 1894, and 1901. 

St. Catherine's School for Girls (Church of England 
middle class school) was built by subscription in 
1885, and incorporated by charter with Cranleigh 
Boys' School in 1898. There is a handsome red- 
brick chapel in 1 3th-century style containing good 
painted glass, showing English and other female saints 
on opposite sides of the chapel. 

In 1884 Brookwell and Graff ham were transferred 
from Dunsfold civil parish to Bramley, being before 
isolated parts of Dunsfold, and High Billinghurst was 
transferred from Bramley to Dunsfold. 1 

The parish abounds in ancient houses. Bramley 




BRAMLEY : OLD HOUSES 



gave its name to the very extensive possessions of the 
Bishop of Bayeux in the neighbourhood, so that the 
manor of Bramley intruded into several neighbouring 
parishes of later date, was not itself a parish. What- 
ever the enumeration of population in Domesday may 
mean, Bramley is the third in order in the county, 
coming after only Southwark and Guildford. As is 
the case all over the dry soils of Surrey, a great many 
neolithic flint implements and flakes have been found. 
Some are in the Surrey Archaeological Society's museum 
at Guildford, some in the Charterhouse Museum. 

The cemetery was made in 1851 by the late Mrs. 
Sutherland, and enlarged by the late Mr. Percy 
Ricardo in 1890. The Constitutional Hall, which 
includes a Conservative Working Men's Club, was 
opened in 1888. Thorncombe is the residence of 
Captain Fisher Rowe, Bramley Park of Colonel 
Ricardo, Snowdenham Hall of Mr. John Kinnersley 



East was the name both of a house and a manor ; the 
house is a three-gabled brick and stone building, 
nicely proportioned. Opposite to it is a far more 
interesting half -timber house, the details of which re- 
call Great Tangley manor-house, in the adjoining 
parish of Wonersh. Tangley Manor was rebuilt by 
Mr. Carrill in Elizabeth's reign. He was also lord of 
Bramley East. The date of the latter may be about 
1560. The most valuable feature is a two-storied 
gabled staircase wing resembling those at Rake House 
and Shottermill, in which the timber framework is 
designed in squares, four quadrants of a circle being 
placed back to back within each square, the total 
effect being a pattern of intersecting squares and 
circles. The grouping of roofs and crow-stepped 
chimneys in this building is very picturesque. 

At Nursecombe, an outlying hamlet, is an inter- 
esting old timber-framed house of the 1 6th century 



1 By Loc. Govt. Bd. Order, 16532, dated 24 Mar. 
Si 



II 



A HISTORY OF SURREY 



probably of two dates with projecting upper stories, 
ornamental barge-boards to the gables and a delightful 
jumble of tiled roofs. There is a picturesque porch 
to the front, having an oak doorway with four- 
centred arch and carved spandrels. Among other 
interesting details are the moulded joist-boards and 
brackets, the barge-boards of two patterns, and pen- 
dants to the barge-boards and wall plates. There is a 
good gable of timber pattern-work at the back, retain- 
ing its barge-board. 

Another old house, at Snowdenham, although 
marked by later alterations, exhibits internally some 
door-posts of perhaps 1 5th-century work. A stable 
belonging to this house is in a very perfect condition 
and apparently of early I yth-century date. 

Thorncombe Street, a straggling hamlet to the 
south of Nursecombe, contains a number of old 
timber-framed cottages. One of these, T" s ^ a P e ^ ' n 
plan, has some very solid half-timber work, and the 
original windows with lead lights. An old farm- 
house called Slades, in the same hamlet, has a good 
ttalrcase and other woodwork of 18th-century date. 

At the time of the Domesday Survey 
MANORS the manor of BRAMLEY covered appar- 
ently the inhabited parts of the county 
from near Shalford Church southwards to the Sussex 
border. All the manors of the parishes of Wonersh, 
Cranleigh, Hascombe, Dunsfold, and Alfold, and part 
of Shalford seem to have been formed out of it. 
Alnod Cild held it in the time of Edward the 
Confessor. After the Conquest it became the holding 
of Odo of Bayeux, who found various pretexts for 
annexing to it land in Clandon and Gomshall, the 
manors of Chilworth and Sutton, and lands else- 
where.' It is recorded in Domesday that the manor 
paid no geld since Odo held it. After the forfeiture 
of the Bishop of Bayeux it escheated with his other 
lands to the Crown. Under Henry I Eustace de 
Brutvile held it for a short time. 3 Henry II gave the 
manor to Ralph de Fay, who was, however, dis- 
possessed during the war between the king and his 
son, the young King Henry. 4 Bramley paid tallage 
as king's demesne in 1187.' It was afterwards held 
for a short time by Baldwin de Bethune, 6 but in 1 196 
46 is given as the ferm of Bramley for half a year 
before it was given to John Count of Mortain. 7 After 
his accession John granted the manor to Ralph de 
Fay, son of the former tenant. 9 His son John de Fay 
had seisin of his father's lands in 1223,' and after his 
death in 1241 the manor was divided between his 
two sisters, Maud de Clere and Philippa de Fay. 10 
They each held a moiety by service of half a knight's 
fee, the two portions being afterwards accounted 



separate manors. Maud de Clere's portion was again 
divided into three in the I 7th century, but Philippa's 
remained entire, and is now known as the manor of 
Bramley. 

Philippa married a William Neville " and enfeoffed 
her only daughter Beatrice, who married William of 
Wintershull, lord of the manor of Wintershull in 
Bramley, of her portion of the manor of Bramley." 
Beatrice survived her husband 13 and entailed the 
manor on their younger son Walter, 14 whose son 
Thomas succeeded him, 15 and married Alice 16 after- 
wards wife of Henry de Loxley, who held with Alice, 
or was at all events answerable for dues from the 
manor." Thomas died on Good Friday I339, 18 hold- 
ing half the manor of Bramley of John de Hadresham 
as of his manor of Combe Neville. 19 He left a son 
and heir William, 80 who died in 1361. He was suc- 
ceeded by his brother, 11 Thomas Wintershull, from 
whom the manor descended to his son Thomas." 
The latter died in January 1414-15, leaving a son, 
also Thomas, whose proof of age was taken in 1418." 
He died in 1 420, his heirs being his sisters, Joan wife 
of William Weston of Sussex, and Agnes wife of 
William Basset.* 4 Joan married a second husband, 
William Catton. 15 No more is known of Agnes 
Basset; 16 in 1485, after the death without issue of 
William Weston, Joan's only son, the manor was 
divided between Margaret Appesley, Joan's daughter, 
and John Pope, son of Thomas Pope and Joan, 
another of her daughters." Margaret Appesley died 
27 August 1516, leaving a son and heir, John Welles, 
by her first husband William Welles.' 8 In January 
1534-5 John Welles died possessed of half the manor 
of Bramley, and was succeeded by his son Thomas 
Welles,* 9 who, with his wife Cecily, joined with 
Edmund Pope (probably a descendant of John Pope 
and as such seised of the other half of the manor) in 
a sale of the whole manor to William Harding of 
Knowle in Cranleigh, citizen and mercer of London, 
and his wife Cecily. 30 After 
William Harding's death in 
September 1549" the manor 
was divided between his daugh- 
ters Helen and Catherine. 
Catherine married in 1559 
Richard Onslow, 33 who be- 
came Speaker of the House 
of Commons and Solicitor- 
General. 33 Helen in 1561 
sold her share to her brother- 
in-law Onslow.' 4 From him 
the manor descended to his 
son Sir Edward, whom Queen 




HARDING of Knowle. 
Argent a bend azure tuith 
three martlets or thereon. 



I V.C.H. Surr. i, 295*, 2963, 29811, 
301, 302(1, 305*. 

8 Testa de Nevill (Rec. Com.), 225. 
Ibid. 

6 Pipe R. 33 Hen. II, m. 15 d. 

Exch. K.R. Misc. Bks. vol. 6, fol. 73. 
In the printed Testa de Nrvill the name 
is given ' Becchon. 1 

7 Pipe R. 8 Ric. I, m. 17 d. 

8 Cal. Rot. Chart. (Rec. Com.), 33. He 
confirmed at the same time a tithe of the 
manor to the monks of Lyre. 

9 Excerfta e Rot. Fin. (Rec. Com.), i, 
102. 

10 Ibid, i, 346, 352. 

II Wintershull Chart, quoted by Man- 
ning and Bray, op. cit. ii, 28. By the In- 



quisition below it would seem that William 
and Philippa had a son of whom the manor 
was held. 

Feet of F. Div. Co. 33 Hen. III. 

18 Chan. Inq. p.m. 15 Edw. I, no. 15. 

Ibid. 5 Hen. V, no. 52. 

"Ibid. 20 Edw. Ill (ist nos.), no. 46. 

Ibid. 8 Ric. II, no. 24. 

V Pipe R. 26 Edw. Ill, m. 30. 

18 Chan. Inq. p.m. 20 Edw. Ill (ut 
nos.), no. 46. 

19 Ibid. 14 Edw. Ill, no. 7. 

2 Ibid, ii Edw. Ill, pt. 2 (ist nos.), 
no. 82. 
al Ibid. 

M Ibid. 5 Hen. V, no. 52. 
33 Ibid. 6 Hen. V, no. 53. 

82 



Ibid. 8 Hen. V, no. 86 ; Feet of F. 
Div. Co. Hil. 9 Hen. VI. 

85 Surr. V'nit. 216 ; and Feet of F. Div. 
Co. Hil. 9 Hen. VI. 

* Manning and Bray quote a deed 
dated 2 Ric. Ill, by which William Swan, 
a trustee, conveyed Bramley to William 
Weston, son of William and Joan Weston. 

*7 Chan. Inq. p.m. (Ser. 2), xxvii, 61. 

Ibid. 

S9 Exch. Inq. p.m. file 1085, no. I. 

80 Feet of F. Surr. Hil. 33 Hen. VIII. 

81 Chan. Inq. p.m. (Ser. 2), Ixxxix, 136. 
8a Feet of F. Div. Co. Hil. 3 Eliz. 

83 Hist. MSS. Com. Rep. xiv, App. pt. 

, 475- 

84 Lord Onslow's D. 



BLACKHEATH HUNDRED 



BRAMLEY 



Elizabeth had knighted." The manor was settled on 
Sir Edward's son Thomas at his marriage with Mary 
Lennard in i6l6.* 6 He died in the same year and 
was succeeded by his brother Sir Richard Onslow, 
knight of the shire for Surrey from 1627 to 1658." 
Bramley descended to his son Arthur,* 8 whose son 
Richard was created Baron Onslow in 1716." 
George, first Earl Onslow, grand-nephew of Richard 
first Baron Onslow, sold Bramley to William Lord 
Grantley in 1805." He also owned the whole of 
the other moiety, thus uniting the portions which 
had been separate for nearly six centuries. He was 
succeeded by his nephew Fletcher Norton, third Lord 
Grantley, in 1822." The Grantley property was sold 
in 1886, and Captain W. H. Waud is now lord of 
the manor. 

The second moiety, which was assigned to Maud 
de Clere, descended at her death in 1250 to Alice 
daughter of Maud's daughter Agatha and William 
de Ros, who afterwards married Richard Longe- 
spee." Her daughter Alice, wife of Richard Breus," 
granted it in iz66 to Maud Longespee to hold for 
life." In 1271 Richard and Alice Breus conveyed 
the manor to William Breus and his wife Mary in 
exchange for Akenham Manor, co. Suffolk.* 5 

In 1293 Mary Breus obtained licence to grant 
Bramley in fee simple to Walter de Gedding for his 
good services to her. 46 Evidently this grant was only 
for life, for Mary Breus was holding it at her death in 
May 1326." She was succeeded by her grandson Sir 
Thomas Breus, 48 whose widow Beatrice held Bramley 
for life. 49 Sir Thomas Breus, kt., died seised of it in 
1395,* leaving two children who died within a week 
of their father. The manor of Bramley, however, 
after being for a time in the hands of trustees, 51 in- 
stead of passing to his niece and heir Elizabeth, wife 
of William Heron, descended in tail male to George 
de Breus son of John brother of Thomas de Breus the 
elder." This George died seised of it in 1418." 
Dower was assigned out of the manor to his widow 
Elizabeth, afterwards wife of Thomas Slyfeld. 54 She held 
it of the inheritance of Sir Hugh Cokesey, kt., great- 
grandson of Agnes sister of George de Breus. 55 After 
Hugh's death in February 1 445-6 M Bramley remained 
with his widow Alice in accordance with the terms of 
a previous settlement, 57 but at her death descended to 
his sister Joyce Beauchamp, then wife of Leonard 
Stepelton. 58 Her son Sir John Greville, kt., suc- 
ceeded her as lord of the manor " and died seised of 



CARRILI. of Bramley. 
Argent three ban table 
viith three martins table 
in tiu chief. 



it in 1480, leaving a son Thomas who assumed the 
name of Cokesey. 60 At his death there was a partition 
of the family estates, and the Surrey part, including 
Bramley, passed to the Earl of Surrey. 61 

The manor of Bramley is mentioned as a possession 
of his son Thomas Duke of Norfolk, in 1545." His 
widow, Agnes, Duchess of Norfolk, held it for life with 
reversion to the king by reason of her husband's at- 
tainder. 68 Her grandson and 
heir, being restored to the 
dukedom, sold Bramley to 
Richard Carrill (or Caryl) in 
1559." Richard Carrill died 
in February 15 75-6" and 
was succeeded by his son John 
Carrill, attorney of the Duchy 
of Lancaster. His kinsman 
and heir, John Carrill, proved 
himself of age in 15 78,** 
and died seised of the 
manor of Bramley in 1612, 
leaving a son Simon, 67 on 
whom he had settled it at 
the time of his marriage with Elizabeth daughter 
of Sir Francis Aungier. 68 Elizabeth survived her 
husband, and Bramley ultimately passed to her son 
John Carrill, who in 1649 granted it, 69 as a security 
probably, to a relative, George Duncombe, for life, for 
the yearly rent of one peppercorn. 70 John Carrill 
mortgaged all his property heavily. His widow, 
Hester, married Sir Francis Duncombe, bart., who 
complained that he had to abandon his profession as 
barrister-at-law in order to give proper attention to 
the estates of his stepchildren. These were Lettice, 
Elizabeth, and Margaret, daughters of John Carrill. 
At the age of sixteen Lettice Carrill married John 
Ramsden, 71 and joined with her husband in a suit 
against her stepfather for ill-treatment of herself and 
her sisters and mismanagement of their estates. 
Bramley was divided among the three sisters, Lettice 
Ramsden's portion of the estates being known as the 
' manor of EAST BRAMLET or Great Tangley.' " 
In 1673 she conveyed it to John Child. 73 His grand- 
son Charles Child left it to his nephew Charles Searle, 
who conveyed it in 1759 to Fletcher Norton, first 
Lord Grantley, 74 in whose family it descended to- 
gether with the first moiety of the manor. 

John Carrill's second daughter Elizabeth, wife of 
Peter Fermor, conveyed her third of the estate in 



84 Hilt. MSS. Com. Ref. xiv, App. pt. ix, 
476. 

85 Com. Pleat D. Enr. Mich. 14 Jas. I, 
m. 33. 

87 Chan. Inq. p.m. (Ser. 2), ccclv, 105. 

88 Feet of F. Surr. Mil. 22 Chas. 1 5 
ibid. Div. Co. Mich. 1649. 

" Hiit. MSS. Com. Ref. xiv, App. pt. ix, 
489. 

10 Manning and Bray, Hist, of Surr. ii, 
79 ; Recov. R. Trin. 10 Geo. Ill, m. 195. 

41 Brayley, Tofog. Hilt, of Surr. v, 121. 

42 Chan. Inq. p.m. 46 Hen. Ill, no. I. 
48 Coram Rege R. 58, m. 5. 

44 Feet of F. Div. Co. 5 1 Hen. Ill, 9. 

Feet of F. Div. Co. 56 Hen. Ill, no. 
73. Bramley was to be held of Richard and 
Alice by William and Mary, and after the 
death of Alice's son, Giles Breus, the 
manor was said to be held of his heirs 
(Chan. Inq. p.m. 19 Edw. II, no. 90), but 
in all subsequent documents the successors 



of William and Mary are said to have 
held it in chief. See Chan. Inq. p.m. 29 
Edw. I, no. 52 ; ibid. 4 Edw. II, no. 40 ; 
Cal. Pat. 1324-7, p. 262. 

44 Cal. Pat. 1292-1301, p. 79. 

4 " Chan. Inq. p.m. 1 9 Edw. II, no. 90 ; 
Each. Enr. Accts. i, 25. 

Feet of F. Div. Co. n Edw. Ill, 
22 ; Chan. Inq. p.m. 35 Edw. Ill, pt. i, 
no. 39. 

48 Pat. 46 Edw. Ill, pt. ii, m. 6. 

40 Chan. Inq. p.m. 19 Ric. II, no. 7. 

41 Close, 3 Hen. IV, pt. i, m. 24. 

51 Wrottesley, Pedigrees from the Plea 
R. 230. 

M Chan. Inq. p.m. 6 Hen. V, no. 48. 

44 Ibid. 10 Hen. V, no. 33. 

44 Ibid. 12 Hen. VI, no. 4. 

*> Ibid. 24 Hen. VI, no. 36. 

Ibid. 38-9 Hen. VI, no. 49. 

48 Ibid. 24 Hen. VI, no. 36. 

4 Ibid. 13 Edw. IV, no. 32. Ibid. 

83 



41 He was descendant of William Breus, 
elder brother of Peter father of Sir Thomas 
Breus, who succeeded to the manor in 
1326. William Breus' daughter Alina 
married John, Lord Mowbray ; Cal. Close, 
I 31~lt PP- 259.479 5 Cal. Pat. 1330-4, 
p. 128. 

ra Chan. Inq. p.m. (Ser. 2), Ixxii, 26. 

8 Ibid. Ixix, 189. 

84 Feet of F. Surr. Trin. I Eliz. 

86 Chan. Inq. p.m. (Ser. i), clxxv, 74. 

66 Ibid, clxxxiii, 65. By Visit, of Surrey 
(Harl. Soc.), 89, the first John was brother 
of Richard, the second John Richard's son 

67 W. and L. Inq. p.m. xlvi, 9. 

68 Ibid, xxix, 155. 

69 Com. Pleas D.Enr. East. 1649, m. 16. 
7 Visit, of Surr. (Harl. Soc.}, 89. 

71 Exch. Dep. HiL 21 & 22 Chas. II, 26. 

73 Exch. Spec. Com. 6484, 6485. 

7 Feet of F. Surr. Hil. 25-6 Chas. II. 

74 Manning and Bray, op. cit ii, 83. 



A HISTORY OF SURREY 



1674 to Ambrose Holbech and Lawrence Lord," 
probably as trustees to sell to Richard Gwynn, cloth- 
worker of London, whose niece and heiress Susan 
Clifton had a daughter Trehane, who married Sir 
William Chappie, justice of the King's Bench. His 
daughter Grace married Sir Fletcher Norton, first 
Lord Grantley," who thus obtained another third of 
this manor. 

John Carrill's third daughter married Henry Lud- 
low, and their share of the estate was known as WEST 
BRAMLEY Henry Ludlow, by will in 1 724 (proved 
P.C. Cant. 15 October 1730), devised the manors 
of West Bramley, Markwick, Monkenhook, and 
Shoelands in Puttenham to his daughter Elizabeth. 
She became insane, and on her death her next heirs 
were found to be her father's first cousin's sons Cap- 
tain Harcourt Masters and Mr. Giles Strangways. By 
a deed of partition in 1750 West Bramley fell to 
Captain Harcourt Masters. He sold West Bramley 
to William Hammond, who was already tenant of 
the manor-house. 79 William Hammond sold it to 
John Shurlock and Richard Elliott. John Shurlock's 
grandson John conveyed his interest to Thomas 
Smyth, nephew of Richard Elliott, who thus owned 
the whole of West Bramley. 80 He sold it to William 
Lord Grantley, 81 who already owned the rest of the 
original manor, with which it has since descended. 

William de Breus and William Wintershull with 
their wives, lords of the divided manor of Bramley in 
the time of Edward I, made good their claim to view 
of frankpledge, assize of bread and ale and liberties of 
pillory and cucking-stool according to a charter of 
Henry III. sla The lord of Bramley used also to hold 
pleas for merchants attending Shalford fair, and to 
take the stakes set up in his fee. 81 

View of frankpledge was held by William, 
grandson of Walter Wintershull, on Wednesday in 
Whitsun week. 8 ' He also had a rent called 'work- 
silver ' from his free tenants in Bramley. 84 The view 
of frankpledge was sold with the manor to William 
Harding in 1 542. 

Of the liberties peculiar to the de Breus' half of the 
manor of Bramley free warren was granted to Walter 
de Gedding in 1304..** Among items given in the 
account of Robert the Tailor, ' bedell ' of Sir Thomas 
de Breus in 1354 and the following years, are a rent 
called ' Toppingselver ' from Clandon and ' Work- 
selver ' from various tenants. 84 

THORNCOMBE STREET or M4RSH4LS was 
that land of 'Torncumba' of which Stephen de 
Turnham the king's marshal was enfeoffed by William 
and Roger de Paceys, and which he was holding in 
1205 in accordance with a charter of Ralph de Fay." 
It probably returned to the de Fay family through 



Beatrice daughter and co-heiress of Stephen de Turn- 
ham and wife of Ralph de Fay. 87 It afterwards formed 
part of lands granted to John of Wintershull by Maud 
de Fay. 88 No documentary evidence concerning 
Thorncombe during the next three centuries has 
been found. 

In 1 502 John Mellersh recovered the manor of 
Thorncombe, &c., from Robert Marshall. 88 * 

In 1505 John Onley and others acquired the manor 
of Thorncombe alias Marshall from John Aprye, 
Robert Marshall and Elizabeth his wife being called 
to warrant. 89 

In 1510 Onley conveyed to William Lusher. 90 
George Lusher settled it on his son William on his 
marriage (1564-5); and subsequently, in 1593, his 
son's first wife being dead, was trying to recover pos- 
session against John Comber, to whom William had 
conveyed it in 15 83," presumably on a second mar- 
riage with a daughter of Comber. In 1596 Comber 
and William Lusher were able to convey it to Henry 
Mellersh, at whose death it seems to have been split 
up into fifths, which descended respectively to Martha 
wife of Robert Roydon, Anne wife of John Wight, 
Eleanor wife of William Skynner, James and Chris- 
topher Hobson, and Margaret wife of John Scales, 91 * 
which last sold her fifth to Francis Aungier in 
1 604" 

The portions of the manor often reappear, and 
' Marshall or Marshalls ' kept its name as a farm. It 
was owned by Budds and Balchins, and conveyed by 
George Chandler's trustees to Mr. Richard Gates, in 
1839. He sold it to Mr. Fisher in 1849, and it is 
now, as Thorncombe, the property of Captain Fisher- 
Rowe. 

The manor of WINTERSHULL seems to have been 
separated from Bramley Manor soon after the death 
of Ralph de Fay the younger, for in 1227 a royal 
confirmation was made to 
Henry Wintershull of ' all the 
land of Wintersell and all ser- 
vice of the land saving the 
king's service only,' which he 
had of the gift of John de 
Fay. 9 * Ralph de Fay's widow, 
Beatrice, had also granted land 
in Bramley to Henry Winter- 
shull. 933 The manor remain- 
ed in the Wintershull family, 
though not in that branch 
which held Bramley half- 
manor. It was held of Bramley by the service of 
a knife for cutting bread yearly." In 1279 J onn 
Wintershull proved his claim to view of frankpledge 
in the manor. 94 In 1327-8 Francis Wintershull 



IFLFU 



WlNTIRSHUtL. Or tv>0 

bars gules and a label sable. 



7' Feet of F. Surr. Hil. 26 & 17 
Chaa. II. 

7 Close, 30 Chas. II, pt. vi, no. 30. 
77 Diet. Nat. Sing, xli, 211 ; x, 62. 
f Feet of F. Surr. East. 31 Chas. II. 
7 Close, 25 Geo. II, pt. i, no. 5. 

80 Manning and Bray, op. cit. ii, 83, 
112 ; Brayley, op. cit. v, 121. 

81 Braylejr, op. cit. v, 120. 

8la Plac. de Quo tVarr. (Rec. Com.), 743. 
81 Chan. Inq. p.m. 15 Edw. I, no. 69. 
88 Chan. Inq. p.m. 1 1 Edw. Ill (pt. 2, 
lit nos.), no. 82. 

Feet of F. Surr. HiL 33 Hen. VIII. 

84 Chart. R. 33 Edw. I, no. 98. 

" Mint. Accts. bdle. 1010, no. 23. 



86 Cal. Roc. Chart. (Rec. Com.), i, 160. 
Stephen was confirmed at the same time in 
the possession of lands which had been his 
father-in-law's, Ralph de Broc. 

8 7 Sec the account of Arlington. 

88 Deed quoted by Manning and Bray, 
op. cit. ii, 8;. The rent due from the 
tenement of Geoffrey *de Torcumba' in 
Bramley had been granted by John de 
Fay to the Prioresi of Amesbury ; Curia 
Regis R. 1 08, m. 9. 

*> De Banco R. East. 17 Hen. VII, m. 
146 d. [Recovery]. It is probably from this 
family that it took the name of Marshals. 

89 De Banco R. HiL 20 Hen. VU, m. 
360. 

8 4 



Ct. R. of Selhurst Manor. Feast of 
St. Edmund, 2 Hen. VIII. 

91 Chan. Proc. Eliz. LI, i, 34. 

911 Feet of F. Surr. East. 5 Jas. I; East. 
7 Jas. I. Henry Mellersh's will (1597) 
names his four daughters, of whom one is 
Martha, who married Robert Roydon, but 
the other names are not those of these 
co-heiresses. His only ton died young, 
and there were only four daughters. 

"Ibid. HiL i Jas. I. 

* Cal. Rot. Chart. (Rec. Com.), i, 48. 

9ta Maitland, Braaon's Note Bk. 679. 

94 Chan. Inq. p.m. (Ser. 2), Unix, 133. 

"Plac. de Qua Warr. (Rec. Com.), 
747- 



BLACKHEATH HUNDRED 



BRAMLEY 



witnessed a conveyance of land in Bramley. 9 * John 
Wintershull was lord in 1340." In 1362 John 
vested the manor in trustees for himself, his son John 
and his heirs, and other children and their heirs in 
succession. 98 John the younger made his will in 
1396, mentioning his children, Thomas, John, and 
Joan. 9 *" John had a son Robert," whose son Thomas 
died seised of the manor in 1 476-7. 100 Robert, son of 
Thomas, petitioned for the manorial records to be de- 
livered to him by Elizabeth Wintershull. 101 Robert 
died in I487, 10 * leaving a son Robert, then eight 
yean old, 103 who died in 1549, and was succeeded 
by his son John. John, son of John Wintershull, 104 
made proof of his age in 1565, but died in I57I. 104 
He left an infant son William, who afterwards, 
in 1 60 1, conveyed Selhurst or Wintershull to George 
Austen, 106 probably for the purpose of a settlement, as 
Austen was not in possession a few years later. 

William Wintershull was probably a recusant. He 
was connected with the Lumleys, recusants, to whom 
he let the manor-house ; and he ultimately conveyed 
the reversion of the manor to trustees for their benefit. 
Henry Lumley parted with his interest, and by a 
series of conveyances the manor passed to George 
Chandler, who in 1655 conveyed one moiety in 
possession and one in reversion to his brother 
Richard. 107 Richard Chandler held a court in 1663. 
Thomas Chandler his son held a court in 1667, and 
made a conveyance of the manor in 1671 I08 to John 
Child, who held a court in 1672. His grandson 
Charles Child is said to have sold the manor after 
1723 to Mr. Barrett, father of George Barrett, the 
owner in i8o8, 109 and it is now in the possession of 
Mr. George W. Barrett. 

HAM was held by Henry de Guldeford, when he 
died in 1312 13, of the Prior and convent of Sandle- 
ford. 110 Ham was connected with the manor and 
park of Ashurst (see Witley). The keeper of these 
was accountable for rent of land called ' Hamme,' circa 
I369-7I. 111 The rent occurs again in 1374 5,"' and 
in 1439-40 Walter Bedall, keeper of Ashurst Manor 
and park, took proceedings against Sir Henry Hussey 
for usurping the profits of Ham. 118 

Ashurst and Frydynghurst seem to be the same 
estate. The Windsor family bought land in them, and 
the Fordes from them. 114 Thomas Mellersh was dealing 
with Hamland in 1574,"' and is said to have owned 
Nore and Ham Manor, 11 * and to have bought the 
latter from Forde, of Harting, Sussex. 1 " 

NORE, which with Ham is called a manor, was 
acquired by George Austen of Shalford, by marriage 
with Anne, daughter and co-heiress of Thomas 
Mellersh of Nore. The Mellersh family had held it 
for some time. George Austen died holding the 
capital messuage of Nore in 1611, together with 
Hameland and Unstead Manors. 118 It is still the 



property of the family, and the residence of Colonel 
Godwin Austen, owner of Shalford Park. 

Rushett Farm was called Marhoks before the 
Durgats held it in the 1 6th century, 119 and was 
afterwards in the possession of Joshua Mellersh. 1 " 
Birtley House was perhaps originally Berkeley, for in 
1 604 Brian Annesley held ' Burtley,' otherwise Burke- 
ley. 111 It was held by Henry Foisted, to whose fam.ly 
it had passed from Thomas Elliott of Yateley. Ralph 
de Fay, when lord of Bramley, had granted lot. rent 
from the tenement of William 'of Berkele in 
Bromlegh ' to the priory of Amesbury. 1 " ' Bromley 
House in Bromley Street ' was the residence of Dame 
Joan Pole in l^8. m The house was afterwards 
claimed by Lawrence Stoughton, to whom it de- 
scended by various enfeoffments from Drew, brother 
and heir of Charles Barentyne, son of Dame Joan." 4 
The church of the HOLrTRlNlTT, 
CHURCH originally a chapel attached to Shalford, 
has been grievously injured by several 
restorations and enlargements. It stands towards the 
north of the village street, near the corner at the 
cross roads. The site is level, and the churchyard 
is prettily planted with trees and shrubs, there being 
a fine old yew on the north side. It is built of 
Bargate stone rubble, with dressings of hard chalk in 
the older parts and of Bath stone in the new. The 
squat spire is shingled, and the chancel has been 
re-roofed in slates with very inharmonious effect. 

Until 1850 the plan was cruciform, and consisted 
of a nave, about 57 ft. by 21 ft., chancel 31 ft. 6 in. 
by 21 ft., south transept (or Ludlow chapel) about 
1 7 ft. square, and low tower and spire on the north 
forming a north transept of about the same dimen- 
sions. At the west end was a porch, within which 
was a plain doorway of mid- 12th-century date, to 
which period the nave seems to have belonged. The 
head of this doorway, with zigzag moulding, has been 
rebuilt on modern jambs. The chancel and tower, 
which still remain, were evidently added in about 
1210, and the south transept, roofed, with its gable 
parallel to that of the chancel, in about the middle of 
the 1 3th century. Both tower and chancel have 
been much modernized within, but externally, save 
for the slated roof of the chancel and some modern 
outbuildings and buttresses, they have been little 
altered. The chancel has a slight inclination to the 
north on plan. 

There are three long lancets in the east wall ; the 
middle one slightly higher, and three in each of the 
side walls, worked in hard chalk, their internal splays 
radiating round the head, without scoinson arches a 
mark of early date in the period. Under the eastern- 
most lancet on the south side of the chancel is a 
piscina with a pointed arch, upon the apex of which 
a fleur-de-lys is carved in relief an ornament of not 



Add. Chart. (B.M.), 14839. 

*" Ct. R. quoted by Manning and Bray, 
op. cit. ii, 86. 

98 Deed quoted by Manning and Bray, 
op. cit. ii, 86. 

* Ibid. 

*> See Frenches in Worplesdon. 

100 Chan. Inq. p.m. 17 Edw. IV, no. 48. 

101 Early Chan. Proc. Ixvii, 239. It 
appears from the petition that Robert the 
elder had two tons named Thomas, and 
that Elizabeth was widow of the younger 
Thomas. 

1M Will. P.C.C. proved 23 NOT. 1487. 



IM Eich. Inq. p.m. 3 & 4 Hen. VII, 
1059, no. 2. 

104 Chan. Inq. p.m. (Ser. 2), lixxv, 53 j 
ljuumc, 133. 

l< " Ibid. 15 Eliz. clxv, 176. 

"*> Feet of F. Surr. East, i Jat. I ; Hil. 
I Jas. I. 

W Feet of F. Surr. East. 1655. 

l*> Ibid. Mich. 1671. 

ltw Manning and Bray, op. cit. ii, 87. 

110 Chan. Inq. p.m. 6 Edw. II, no. 4] . 

111 Mins. Accts. bdle. 1010, no. 5. 
111 Ibid. bdle. loio, no. 6, 7. 

" Pat. 17 Hen. VI, pt i, m. 134 

85 



Feet of F. Surr. Mich. 34 Hen. VIIIj 
Mich. 3 Edw. VI ; Mich. 2*3 Eliz. 

"' Ibid. Trin. 16 Eliz. 

u * Manning and Bray, op. cit. ii, 87. 

u ' Private inform. 

11H Chan. Inq. p.m. (Ser. 2), cccicvii, 
90. 

"' Misc. Bks. (Exch. L.T.R.), 168. 

l *> Chan. Inq. p.m. (Ser. 2), ccccUii, $*. 

111 Ibid, cccvi, 149. 

" Maitland, Bracton't Nett Bit. 553. 

l" Star Chamb. Proc. Edw. VI, i, 8, 

" Chan. Proc. (Ser. 2), bdle. 170, no. 
91. 




A HISTORY OF SURREY 



very common occurrence in the beginning of the 
I jth century. The chancel arch is lofty, pointed, of 
two chamfered orders upon stop-chamfered jambs, 
having square-edged moulded imposts at the spring- 
ing. On the south side of this arch are traces 
of a squint, which formerly opened into the south 
transept. The door to the vestry on the north of 
the chancel is modern, and it does not appear that 
there was ever a priest's door. The roofs of both 
chancel and nave are ancient, of collar-beam con- 
struction, with braces and struts, and of somewhat 
flat pitch that of the former being only 45 de- 
grees. 

The destroyed transeptal chapel on the south had 
a single lancet in each wall, and on either side of the 
nave before its enlargement was a plain blocked door- 
way of later date than the I zth-century door in the 
west wall. 

In 1850 the north aisle was added in the style of 
the early 1 4th century, and in 1875 the south aisle 
followed, being prolonged into what had been the 
transeptal chapel, which was rebuilt, and vestries were 
built to the east of the tower. The west front, with 
its ' Norman ' windows, is modern. The present font 
is modern, as is also the chancel screen. 

In the chancel windows is some heraldic and 
pattern glass, noticed by Cracklow in 1824, parts of 
which are ancient. 



There are many monuments of late 1 7th and i8th- 
century date to the Ludlow family. 

There are a silver paten of 1592 and a cup and 
paten-cover of 1664, besides more modern pieces, 
among the church plate. 

There are six bells. 

The registers of baptisms and marriages date from 
1566, with three baptisms, entered later, in 1563, 
1564, and 1565 respectively. In 1676 Bishop 
Morley for the first time licensed a burial-ground 
round the chapel of Bramley. 1 " The register of 
burials begins from that year. 

The parish church was probably 
ADVQWSQN one of the three churches contained 
in Bishop Odo's fee in io86. 186 
Until 1 844 Bramley was a chapelry of Shalford, but 
in that year it was constituted a separate parish under 
Sir Robert Peel's Act for establishing parishes. 

In Thorncombe Street were five 

CHARITIES cottages built and owned by the 

parish. They are described by one 

who remembers them as disgracefully bad. They 

were sold by the parish in 1837. 

Mrs. Finchett in 1815 left .100 stock to trustees 
to provide a dole of bread yearly for the poor. 

Smith's Charity exists as in other Surrey parishes. 
About 22 ioi. in all is distributed in bread and 
clothing. 



CRANLEIGH 



Cranlygh, Cranleigh, Cranlegh, Cranle (xiii cent.). 1 
Cranley till recently. Cranleigh of late years to avoid 
confusion in post and railway with Crawley. 

Cranleigh, a parish 8 miles south-west of Guildford, 
bounded on the north by Shere, Albury, and Wonersh, 
on the west by Alford and Hascombe, on the east by 
Ewhurst, on the south by the county of Sussex, con- 
tains 7,697 acres of land and 6 1 of water. It 
measures rather under 6 miles from north to south, 
just under 4 from east to west. 

The northern part of the parish rises to about 
, 700 ft. above the sea in Winterfold Hill, part of the 
great stretch of the heath and fir upland called Hurt 
Wood adjoining Blackheath to the north, and east- 
ward rising still higher in Ewhurst, Holmbury, and 
Leith Hills, in Ewhurst, Ockley, and Wotton re- 
spectively. This part of the parish is Greensand. 
From the base of the hills to the Sussex border the 
soil is Wealden Clay, with superficial patches of sand 
and gravel. The village is on the latter, on Cran- 
leigh Common, part of which is one of the best 
cricket pitches in Surrey. Smithwood Common is to 
the north-west of the village. Small detached parts 
of Cranleigh were added to Albury and Wonersh, 
and part of the border at Moxley was added to Shere 
24 March 1884.' 

The village is traversed by the road from Guildford 
to Horsham. The London, Brighton and South 
Coast Railway line from Guildford to Horsham, 
opened in 1865, passes through the parish, which 
contains two stations, Cranleigh and Baynards. The 



disused Wey and Arun Canal runs through the parish. 
On the clay are extensive brick and tile works. 
Formerly Cranleigh was a great seat of the iron 
industry. 3 The oak timber of Vachery was a valuable 
property sold to London merchants in the 1 5 th 
century. 4 Vachery Pond, an artificially-made lake 
covering 6 1 acres, was used as a reservoir for the Wey 
and Arun Canal, and was probably enlarged for that 
purpose. But it is marked on the map before the 
canal existed, and was certainly made as a forge or 
hammer pond. Hammer Farm is on the stream, 
which is dammed up to make it, a little lower down. 
A fish-pond is mentioned at Vachery in the I3th 
century,' but it need not have been so extensive, 
probably was not, as the subsequent reservoir, even if 
it is included in this. 

A Baptist chapel was built in 1889, and there is 
a small Wesleyan mission chapel on the common. 

A few old-fashioned gabled and tile-hung houses 
remain near the church, including the post office, 
and another with a half-timber wing. Ancient houses 
of important families, now represented by farm-houses, 
also existed at Vachery (near Baynards in Ewhurst) 
and Knowle, and the north and south transeptal 
chapels in the church are still known respectively as 
the Vachery and Knoll (or Knowle) chapels. A 
house called Sansoms has some old panelling and other 
features of interest internally, although the exterior 
has been modernized. 

There is a very picturesque 16th-century cottage at 
the south end of the village, but the houses have mostly 



185 The licence is in the parish cheit. 
" V.C.H. Surr. i, 301. 
> Add. MS. (B.M.), 7606. 



* Loc. Govt. Bd. Order 16532. 

V.C.H. Surr. ii, 272. 

86 



4 Anct. D. (P.R.O.), C. 242. 

' Chan, Inq. p.m. 25 Edw. I, no. 50. 



BLACKHEATH HUNDRED 



been rebuilt in a substantial but unpicturesque man- 
ner. The rectory is on the site of an old house sur- 
rounded by a moat now drained. Winterfold, on the 
hills, is the modern residence of Lord Alverstone, Lord 
Chief Justice, Nanhurst of Lady Carbutt, Barrihurst 
of Colonel W. A. Browne. Wyphurst is an old farm 
converted into a large modern house, the seat of 
Mr. Chadwyck Healey, C.B., K.C. It has been en- 
larged from designs by R. Blomfield, R.A., F.R.I.B.A. 
The other large houses of the parish are on the site 
of old manor-houses, and fall under the manorial 
description. 

Part of the Roman road, which runs through the 
parish, and which probably went from near Shoreham 
to Staines, can be traced in Cranleigh parish. 6 

The Peek Institute was founded by the late Sir 
H. W. Peek, in memory of Lady Peek. It includes 
a club, with reading and billiard rooms, and a library. 

Cranleigh School was opened 12 October 1865, 
and largely added to in 1 869, when the chapel was 
built by the late Sir H. W. Peek at a cost of 6,500. 
Further additions have been made subsequently. The 
style is Early English, in brick, with stone wings. 
The school was originally called the Surrey County 
School, and special advantages were offered to Surrey 
boys. It is now equally open to boys from any place. 
The object of the school is to afford a public-school 
education on moderate terms, and the religious teach- 
ing is distinctively Church of England. 7 The whole 
of the original cost was borne by subscribers, and 
Sir H. W. Peek, Lord Ashcombe, Sir Walter Farquhar, 
Mr. Douglas D. Heath, and Archdeacon Sapte, rector 
of Cranleigh, were among the most prominent of the 
early supporters and governors of the school. The Rev. 
J. Merriman, D.D., St. John's College, Cambridge, was 
the first head master. The late head master was the 
Rev. G. C. Allen, M.A., St. John's College, Cam- 
bridge. 8 Mr. C. H. Tyler, M. A., was appointed 1 909. 

A reputed native of Cranleigh was Thomas de 
Cranleigh, Fellow of Merton, 1366, first Warden of 
Winchester, 1382, Warden of New College, 1389, 
Chancellor of the University of Oxford, 1390, 
Archbishop of Dublin, 1397, Chancellor of Ireland 
1397 to 1400 ; he died in 1417, aged about eighty. 

Cranleigh seems at the time of the Domesday 
Survey to have formed part of the vills of Shiere, 
Gomshall, and Bramley. The parish of Cranleigh 
contains Vachery, part of Pollingfold, Holdhurst, 
Knowle, Utworth, and Redinghurst, the first three 
of which were members of Shiere or Gomshall, and 
the last two of Bramley. 9 

VACHERY in Cranleigh parish was 

MANORS a member of the manor of Shiere 

Vachery. The lords of Shiere kept it in 



CRANLEIGH 

their own hands. The name itself (vaccaria, or dairy) 
gives sufficient reason for this. Henry III granted 
bucks to John son of Geoffrey to stock his park of 
Vachery. 10 His son John obtained a grant of a weekly 
market and an annual fair at Cranleigh, on the eve, 
feast, and morrow of Lammas Day," and appropriated 
to himself free warren there," There was a manor- 
house in Vachery in 1 296 ; ls at present there is a farm- 
house and the remains of a moat. The Earls of 
Ormond resided either at Shiere or Vachery." The 
farm-house was sold by Earl Onslow in 1783." 
Nanhurst Farm cum Treewell, part of Vachery, was 
sold by Lord Onslow in 1815." 

In 1820 Vachery was the property of Thomas 
Lowndes. 17 

HOLDHURST Manor (Holehurst, xiv cent.) wai 
an outlying portion of the manor of Shiere, which was 
called ' Sutton or Holhurst at Downe.' The lands 
belonging to it in Shiere and Abinger are no doubt 
the lands which it appears from Domesday were seized 
by the Bishop of Bayeux, and added to his manor of 
Bramley. 18 These are treated under Shiere. Later, 
Holdhurst in Cranleigh and Holdhurst in Shiere 
became separate estates. 

The history of the property, before its division, 
seems to be as follows : 

In 1297 Walter of Holdhurst conveyed land in 
Bramley and Shiere to his son John. 19 There was a 
Walter of Holdhurst living at Cranleigh in the early 
years of the reign of Edward III. 10 In May 1368-9 
Thomas of Holdhurst and his wife, Alice, were in 
possession of the manor ; " possibly incorrectly so- 
called, for the Court Rolls of Gomshall Towerhill of 
1 3 67 say that Thomas Holdhurst held a yard-land 
in Cranleigh. It continued in his family till the 
reign of Henry VIII, when, on the death of Thomas 
of Holdhurst, John Wood and Arnold Champion 
succeeded in 1532." Arnold Champion died seised 
of a moiety of the manor in 1546." According 
to Manning and Bray it was afterwards the property 
of Richard Wood (possibly son of the above John) 
and of John his son. His sister and heir, Agnes wife 
of Richard Welles, conveyed it to Richard Onslow of 
Knowle, 31 December 1568"; and in 1584 James 
Hobson and his wife Anne conveyed a moiety of the 
manor to Richard Browne and Edward Onslow. 15 

Meanwhile Sutton in Shere was now separated from 
Holdhurst in Cranleigh and the connexion forgotten. 
Edmund Hill was in possession of the whole of ' Sud- 
ton aRas Holhurst aftas Halhurst at Downe,' meaning 
Sutton in Shere, in 1554;" but this had no connexion 
with the land in Cranleigh. 87 Sir Edward Onslow, 
son of Thomas, was in possession at his death in 
1615 ^ of the Cranleigh land. 



* Surr, Arch, Coll. vi, I, and private 
information to the writer from the late 
Mr. James Park Harrison, who traced 
the road. 

1 See also V.C.H. Surr. ii, 221. 

8 Mr. Allen was instituted to the living 
of Send, Oct. 1908. 

9 Vachery was a member of Shiere 
Manor (Chan. Inq. p.m. 25 Edw. I, 50 ; 
Fine R. 27 Edw. I, m. i). Pollingfold 
and Holdhurst were held of Gomshall 
Towerhill ; Chan. Inq. p.m. (Ser. 2), 
ccxlvii, 72 ; Ct. R. quoted by Manning 
and Bray, op. cit. i, 539. Utworth was a 
member of Bramley, and Redinghurst 
broke off from Utworth ; Feet of F. Surr. 



19 Hen. Ill, 16; Add. Chart. (B.M.), 
17606. 

10 Close, 29 Hen. III. m. 15. 

" Chart. R. 56 Hen. Ill, m. 2. 

11 Plac. Ji Quo Warr, (Rec. Com.), 742* 

13 Chan. Inq. p.m. 25 Edw. I, no. 50. 

14 See Mins. Accts. bdle. 1250, no. 4, 
where under the heading Shere and 
Vachery the accountant states that there 
was no return from the 'said house' since 
it was assigned as the lord's ' hospicium.' 

15 Egerton MS. 2651, fol. 213. 

14 Deeds penes Messrs. Whateley & Bar- 
low, Godalming. 

W Egerton MS. 2651, fol. 215. 
y.C.H. Surr. i, 305*. 

87 



" Feet, of F. Surr. 26 Edw. I, 85. 

*>Add. Chart. (B.M.), 7610, 5940, 
7628 ; and Ct. R. of Gomshall Tower- 
hill. 

"i Anct. D. (P.R.O.), B. 3942. 

M Ct. R. quoted by Manning and Bray, 
op. cit. i, 539. 

M Chan. Inq. p.m. (Ser. 2), Irxrv, 71. 

94 Manning and Bray, op. cit. iii, $39. 
Cf. Feet of F. Surr. Hil. 1 1 Eliz. 

Ibid. Mich. 26 & 27 Eliz. 

96 Misc. Bks. Exch. L.T.R. clxix, 211 ; 
clxviii, 69. 

*7 See below, Shere, for Sutton descent. 

19 Chan. Inq. p.m. (Ser. 2), cccli, 105 
Cf. Feet of F. Surr. East 4 Ja, I. 



A HISTORY OF SURREY 



On 10 September 1616 Elizabeth Onslow, widow, 
and her son Thomas Onslow made a settlement of 
' all and every the manors of Cranley alias Cranleigh, 
Knowle, Holehurst, and Utworth in the parishes and 
hamlets of Bramley, Shalford, Wonersh, Guildford, 
Hascombe, and Cranley,' on the intended marriage of 
Thomas with Mary daughter of Sir Samuel Lennard. 
Thomas died the following December, perhaps before 
the marriage could take place. Richard his brother 
succeeded him. 89 This shows that Holdhurst in Cran- 
leigh was united in the hands of the Onslows, and that 
Sutton in Shere (q.v.) was not then considered part of 
it. The manors are described as ' late of Sir Richard 
Onslow, Thomas' grandfather,' who died in 1571. 

Holdhurst continued in the Onslow family till 
1818, when it was alienated to Thomas Puttock.' 
In 1823 Mr. Walter Hanham bought it. About 
1839 it came into the possession of Mr. John Brad- 
shaw, 31 and in 1878 the present owner, Sir George 
Francis Bonham, bart., H.M. representative at Berne, 
bought it from Mr. Bradshaw's heir. 

The early history of KNOWLE Manor (Knolle, 
xiii to xviii cent.) is somewhat obscure." Robert, 
William, and Henry at Knowle witnessed deeds at 
Cranleigh in 1303 4.** Peter at Knowle granted a 
house and lands in Shere to Bartholomew of Shere in 
1308-9," and a few years afterwards Bartholomew re- 
leased land in Shere to Henry at Knowle and his wife 
Cassandra. 35 In 1336 Henry and Cassandra granted 
Cravenhurst out in farm. 36 Walter at Knowle wit- 
nessed deeds at Cranleigh in 1360, 1404, and 141 1.'* 7 

In 1481-2 the trustees of Thomas Slyfield of 
Great Bookham conveyed Knowle to Robert Hard- 
ing, afterwards master of the Goldsmiths' Company.* 8 
He bequeathed it to his nephew Thomas Harding. 3 ' 
Robert Harding left two crofts and a cottage towards 
the maintenance of the aisle called Our Lady Aisle in 
Cranleigh Church. 40 In 1 549 William Harding of 
London, mercer, died seised of Knowle, which he had 
bequeathed to his daughter Catherine," with whom 
it went in marriage to Richard Onslow." The 
manor henceforward remained in the Onslow family. 
At one time they resided there," and Arthur Onslow, 
the Speaker, took from it his title of Viscount Cranley, 
since merged in the earldom of Onslow. It was for 
sale with the rest of the Onslow estates in Cranleigh 
in 1815, and passed ultimately with Holdhurst to Mr. 
Hanham and Mr. Bradshaw and to Sir George F. 
Bonham, bart. 

REDINGHURST (Redinghers, xiii cent. ; Riding- 




BYSSHE. Oracheveron 
between three rotes gules. 



hersh, xiv cent.). This manor was originally a member 
of Utworth. A deed of the latter end of the 1 3th 
century records the quitclaim to Robert of Reding- 
hurst of the service which he owed to Thomas of 
Utworth for Redinghurst, except one penny yearly.* 4 
In 1331 John son of Robert of Redinghurst was 
enfeoffed of his father's lands in Cranleigh. 45 His son 
John was still living in September 1364," and seems 
to have been succeeded by 
Walter Redinghurst. *' In 
1494 the manor was conveyed 
by the trustees of John Red- 
inghurst to John Bysshe of 
Burstow, 48 whose grandson 
William settled it on his son 
John in I544- 49 John Bysshe 
bequeathed it to his wife 
Mary. 60 In 1635 it was the 
property of Edward Bysshe." 
His son, Sir Edward, Garter 
and Clarencieux King of Arms, 

was dealing with it in i654, 51 and later conveyed it 
to John Hill. 53 

William Chennell and his wife Mary conveyed it 
to Henry Chennell in 1780." It passed soon after 
to Mrs. Ayling, and from her to Henry Streater Gill, 
who sold it to Mr. Evershed, owner in 1804." 

UTWORTH Manor, which extends into Wonersh 
and Dunsfold parishes, 56 was held of Bramley. In 
1234 John de Fay, lord of Bramley, granted the 
Abbess of Fontevraud 2 marks rent from Utworth 
in exchange for an annuity due to her." Other rents 
were due from the manor to Beatrice, mother of John 
de Fay. 58 Roger de Clare confirmed the grant of a 
rent from Walter of Utworth to the Abbess ofWher- 
well towards the support of a chaplain in the chapel 
of the Garden of St. Mary." Walter son of Elias of 
Utworth laid claim to Chilworth Church in I224, 60 
and was probably the Walter of Utworth who con- 
veyed the manor to his son Thomas in return for a 
life annuity in I247-8. 61 There is a late 13th-cen- 
tury agreement between Edmund and Lawrence of 
Utworth as to land in Bramley. 61 They seem to have 
been succeeded by Thomas of Utworth, who witnessed 
many charters at Cranleigh. 63 In 1394-5 Walter 
Utworth witnessed a grant to John Redinghurst. 64 
William Utworth was living in 1 462." In 1580 Wil- 
liam Morgan, who is said to have been a descendant 
of William Utworth's granddaughter Catherine, held 
the manor, 66 which he settled on his son John, after- 



Com. Pleas D. Enr. 14 Ja. I, m. 13. 

Ct. R. 

81 Brayley, Hist, of Surr. T, 172. 

83 Manning and Bray (Hist, of Surr. i, 
536) state that Robert at Knoll possessed 
it temp. Edw. I, and that a settlement was 
made on his son William in 131516. 

88 Add. Chart. 5939, 7613. 

" Feet of F. Surr. 2 Edw. II, 28. 

85 Ibid. 7 Edw. II, 6. 

86 Add. Chart. 17304. 

8 " Ibid. 7631, 7616, 17337. 

88 Close, 21 Edw. IV, m. 9 ; Manning 
and Bray, op. cit. i, 537. 

' Surr. Arch. Coll. vi, 38. 

< Ibid. 41. He died Feb. 1503-4. 

11 Chan. Inq. p.m. (Ser. 2), Ixxxviii, 78. 

Feet of F. Div. Co. Hil. 3 Eliz. 

Hist. MSS. Com. Ref. xiv, App. pt. 
ix, 476. 

Add. Chart. 7606. 



Ibid. 7610. 

Close, 38 Edw. Ill, m. 7 d. 

7 Add. Chart. 7603. 

48 It was granted him by the trustees of 
a certain John Redinghurst, deed. ; Add. 
Chart. 7626, 7597, 7638, 7622 ; Man- 
ning and Bray (op. cit. i, 540) state that 
Joan, one of the daughters and co-heirs of 
John Redinghurst, married John Bysshe. 

Add. Chart. 7641. 

40 Chan. Inq. p.m. (Ser. 2), cxlviii, 23. 

u Feet of F. Surr. Mich. 1 1 Chat. I. 

" Ibid. Mich. 1654 ; Trin. 1655. 

48 Ibid. East. 13 Chat. II. 

44 Ibid. East 20 Geo. III. 

46 Manning and Bray, Hist, of Surr. i, 
540. 

46 Lease in 1821 of part of the waste of 
Utworth manor near Dunsfold Church. 

Feet of F. Surr. 19 Hen. Ill, 16. 
Thomas of Utworth bought a release 

88 



from this rent in 1260-1 ; Feet of F. 
Surr. 45 Hen. Ill, 24. 

48 Ibid. 25 Hen. Ill, 20. 

69 See Arlington ; Chartulary of Wher- 
well Abbey; Egerton, MS. 2104, A. foL 
1 05 b. 

60 Maitland, Bracton't Note Bk. 928. 

81 Feet of F. Surr. 3 2 Hen. Ill, 28 and 37. 

s Ibid. 12 Edw. I, 17. This Edmund 
was juror in a perambulation of Windsor 
Forest in 1300. Select Pleas of the Forest 
(Selden Soc., xiii}, 117. 

88 Add. Chart. 7609, 7610, 7623, 7631. 

4 Ibid. 7604. 

85 Cal. Pat. 1461-7, p. 2OI. 

88 According to fiiit. of Surr. (Harl. Soc. 
xliii, 23), Catherine daughter of William 
Utworth married John Gunter, and their 
daughter Catherine married Henry Mor- 
gan. They had a grandson William Mor- 
gan. 



BLACKHEATH HUNDRED 



CRANLEIGH 



wards Sir John Morgan. 67 He sold it m 1614 to Sir 
Edward Onslow, 68 in whose family it remained till 
1815, when it was sold to Mrs. Sarah Shurlock of 
Bramley. She died before 1821, and her daughter 
and heiress married Mr. Charles Hemming of Dorset- 
shire. 69 Mr. Walter Hemming sold Utworth in 1889 
to the late Sir Edward Carbutt. The house is now 
inhabited by the bailiff of Lady Carbutt's estate at 
Nanhurst. 

RTE FARM, if we may conclude that it was the 
tenement known as ' la Ree,' was released in 1 394 
by John grandson of Walter at Ree to John Reding- 
hurst/ In 1406-7 it was the dower of Tiffania 
widow of John Redinghurst." It was conveyed to 
Robert Harding with Knowle Manor." 

NANHURST (Knauenhurst, xiv cent.), part of 
Vachery, 7 * was rented by Edmund Constantin of 
Robert Redinghurst in 1303." It belonged at one 
time to Lord Onslow, but was for sale in 1778. It 



gate of stone erected as a memorial in 1880. The 
boundaries of the churchyard have been greatly ex- 
tended within the last half-century, to meet the 
growth in population. 

The church is built of ironstone rubble and con- 
glomerate, with a little Bargate rubble, and with 
dressings of Bargate stone and clunch, the modern 
portions being in the same stone with Bath stone 
dressings. A good deal of the old walling is plastered 
externally. The roofs are still in part covered with 
Horsham slabs, and the quaint conical roof of the 
tower, with a gablet at the apex from which rises the 
weathercock, is shingled. The nave roof is old and 
of oak, but the roofs of the aisles, transepts, vestry, 
and chancel, are modern, and chiefly of stained deal, 
those of the aisles being of wretched and flimsy con- 
struction. The modern porch (1862) is of oak. 
Few Surrey churches have suffered more barbarous ill- 
treatment under the name of ' restoration ' than this. 




PLAN OF CRANLEIGH CHURCH 



was part of the estate of the late Sir Edward 
Carbutt, bart. The tenement called Furshulle, or 
Freeswell (xix cent.), also part of Vachery, granted to 
Walter at How and William Clynon in I 303," was 
settled by the latter on his son Henry, 76 while Henry 
at How granted to Walter at How two crofts and a 
messuage in Furshullshamme in 1337." 

The church of ST. NICHOLAS stands 
CHURCH picturesquely on rising ground, backed 
by beautiful old trees. The well-kept 
churchyard has an exceptionally fine cedar and other 
trees, besides two yews, one near the chancel, of great 
antiquity, and is approached through a modern lych- 



Very few are built on such spacious lines. The 
tower is unusually large, almost a square of 20 ft. 
internally, with walls 3ft. 9 in. thick, and very mas- 
sive buttresses ; the nave is slightly wider, and 36 ft. 
in length ; the transepts are about 1 6 ft. in width 
(they have been lengthened in modern times), and 
the chancel is about 34 ft. long by 20 ft. wide. Its 
axis inclines about 5 degrees to the north of east. 
Both nave and chancel are exceptionally lofty, the 
walls of the former being about 30 ft. in height. 
The present timber south porch is modern a memo- 
rial to Jacob Ellery and the vestry and organ-cham- 
ber on the north side of the chancel are also modern, 



Chan. Inq. p.m.(Scr. 2), cclxxxi, 85. Chart. 7631, in which William at Ree it 
Feet of F. Surr. Hil. 1 1 Jas. I. itated to have land called Church land' 

Dr^ila firrtft \AfUura \X7\\itf\n\r Xr T'ir_ in C"rtr, \m\nV, 



69 Deeds ftnes Messrs. Whatelcy & Bar- 
low, Godalming. 

"Add. Chart. 7604; ee alio Add. 



in Cranleigh. 
7 1 Ibid. 7603. 
7' Clote, 21 Edw. IV, m. 9. 

8 9 



7> Onslow Deeds. 
1* Add. Chart. 7613. 
' Ibid. 5939. 
' Ibid. 5940. 
" Ibid. 7602. 



12 



A HISTORY OF SURREY 



by Butterfield, under whom the restoration of the 
church, in 1845 and subsequently, was carried out. 
The north and south transepts originally had lean-to 
roofs, a continuation of those over the aisles, and only 
projected about 5 ft. beyond the aisles. The northern 
was known as the Vachery Chapel, the southern as 
the Knowle or Knoll Chapel. There seems to have 
been another chapel in the south aisle and probably 
in the north aisle also. 

There is evidence of the existence of a church here 
in 1244, and the short nave preserves the dimensions 
of an early aisleless nave, which no doubt had a short 
chancel occupying the area of the central part of the 
crossing. This would give an internal dimension of 
about 36ft. in length by 20 ft. in width, and these 
sizes and proportions ' coincide with those of the 
original church of Alfold. As early as the last 
quarter of the 1 2th century, this church of Cranleigh 
must have needed additional space. Aisles were 
therefore thrown out on both sides in about 1 1 70, of 
which the round columns and responds, or half-piers, 
remain with characteristic mouldings and angle-spurs 
to their bases, all executed in clunch. Also there has 
been built into the pier of the arch from the north 
aisle to the transept one of the peculiar cat's-head 
corbels which were a common feature in the period. 
It was a bold idea of the 1 2th-century architect to 
divide the nave space into two arches, with a central 
column and such short responds ; probably he was 
led to it by the necessity of economizing the scarce 
building materials at his disposal. But anyway, the 
result seems to have been that the arches and capitals 
of the arcades were crushed by the weight of wall 
above them, being provided also with insufficient 
abutment, so that before a century and a half had 
expired it was found necessary when widening the 
first aisles to renew the capitals of the columns and 
responds, and to put new arches upon them. The 
capitals are of an octagonal form, moulded in accor- 
dance with their date, c. 1325. The first aisles were 
probably not much more than 7 ft. wide. In about 
1200-10 chapels were thrown out on either side of 
the new chancel, the arches of which remain. In 
the subsequent widening of the aisles, the arches lead- 
ing from them into the transepts were rebuilt. That 
in the south aisle has a corbel closely resembling one 
in Albury Old Church, of about the same date. 

The main arch of the north transept is of two 
orders with moulded imposts, of a section common in 
the south of Sussex ; that to the south transept has 
shafts of trefoil section under a capital with a circular 
abacus. These are in chalk, and are exactly like the 
shafts to an arch in the north transept at Godalming. 
The wide and plain south doorway, approached 
through a modern porch, and the windows and 
buttresses of this aisle are all of about 1 300, though 
so much re-tooled that they might be taken for modern 
work. The two windows in the opposite wall, made 
in clunch, are good examples of the plain square- 
headed openings found in the aisles of this period. 
They are of two lights, those in the eastern window 
being much wider than those in the western, with 
ogee trefoiled heads to the lights and cusping in the 
spaces over. Internally they have oak lintels. The 
three-light window in the west end of the north aisle 
is modern, and a copy of that in the corresponding 
position in the south aisle, the heads being filled with 
reticulated tracery. 



A puzzling feature is the pair of piers, now carrying 
nothing but image niches of doubtful antiquity with 
modern statues, at the east end of what was the 
original nave. There can be little doubt that they 
were built as chancel-arch piers in about 1300, on the 
site of the original but much narrower chancel arch, 
and that when the work had got so far, the present 
extended chancel was decided upon and the piers left 
as built. The capitals are of the same section as those 
put upon the older nave piers. The present chancel 
arch and the chancel must have been built immediately 
after, and may be dated at about 1300 by the fine 
triple sedilia in the south wall. These have moulded 
arches with a trefoiled inner order like those at Duns- 
fold, but the shafts, with their capitals and bases, are 
modern. The existing east window is modern, having 
been refashioned on a larger scale by Butterfield, who 
designed the elaborate reredos and tabernacle work ; 
the side windows are modern and very bad, dating 
from 1845 or before. The piscina and all other 
features in the chancel are modern or modernized. 

The western tower has been practically left un- 
touched by the mischievous ' restorations ' that have 
so greatly injured the rest of the church. It dates 
from about 1300, but the two windows in the ground 
story would appear to be insertions of slightly later 
date, the west window exhibiting flowing tracery of 
about 1 340, in clunch, bearing such a strong re- 
semblance to that of the east window in Witley 
Church, that they must have been executed by the 
same masons. Both are of three lights, with a cinque- 
foil figure of flowing tracery in the head, the tracery- 
plane at Cranleigh, and in the window of the south 
wall also, being recessed by a hood and outer arch, as 
well as by a deep hollow, which gives a rich effect of 
shadow. The windows of the upper stories are short 
lancets, single in the intermediate stage and coupled 
in the bell-chamber. The original floor, of massive 
timbers, remains above the ground story. The tower 
arch, in clunch, has recessed chamfered orders with a 
scroll-moulding for the hood. The west doorway, 
which has continuous mouldings, a chamfer and a 
wave moulding, with a scroll section for the hood, 
retains its original oak door, hinges, and closing-ring. 
The newel-stair is contained in an enormous buttress- 
like projection, of curiously irregular plan, at the 
north-west angle. 

The modern work of 1845 and 1862 is inharmo- 
nious in character, and the extension of the transepts, 
with high-pitched compass roofs and coped gables, has 
quite altered the original aspect of this part of the 
church and confused its architectural history. 

Of the roofs, that of the nave only is old, probably 
dating from about 1 300. It is quite plain in character, 
and the present skimpy tie-beams are modern. The 
chancel roof is a pretentious hammer-beam construc- 
tion in stained deal, and the aisle roofs are of the 
meanest description. One of the parclose screens 
remains, now spanning the archway of the Knowle 
Chapel, but formerly in the main arch of the south 
transept. It is heavily-built, and, of course, of late 
design, having fourteen openings with ogee-cinque- 
foiled heads, and dates from the middle of the ijth 
century. The pulpit, at the 1 845 restoration, was 
made out of the rich traceried panels, cornice, and 
pinnacles of another ancient screen dating from about 
the same period. On the chancel arch are the marks 
of the rood screen, but no trace of the stair-turret, if 



90 






BLACKHEATH HUNDRED 



CRANLEIGH 



any ever existed, remains. A plain old lectern, after 
a period of banishment to the belfry, has now dis- 
appeared altogether. 

The church, in 1 845, was found to have been exten- 
sively decorated with wall paintings, which were un- 
happily swept away to give place to raw modern plaster. 
These occurred over the chancel arch and in the 
spandrels of the nave arcades, but no records have 
been preserved as to the dates and subjects. 

Until the beginning of the igth century there was 
an exceptional quantity of ancient stained glass of very 
fine design remaining. A Jesse-tree was almost com- 
plete in the window of the Knowle Chapel in 1798, 
but within a few years some fragments only were left, 
including, in the centre, a headless seated figure hold- 
ing a rose, a Crucifixion in the upper part, and, in 
Lombardic lettering, the names Josaphat, Ashur, 
Salomon, Ezechial, and Joathan. In 1841 scarcely 
anything of this remained, and some fragments had 
probably been removed by Lord Onslow to West 
Clandon Church, but, if so, they no longer exist 
there. When Manning and Bray published their 
History of Surrey in 180814 there also remained in 
the Vachery Chapel on the north side effigies of our 
Lord and the Blessed Virgin seated, and two angels 
censing. 78 The figure of the Blessed Virgin has dis- 
appeared, but those of our Lord and the two angels, 
together with some good pattern-work, have been 
worked up into the reticulated tracery of the modern 
east window of the chancel. Our Lord, seated on 
the throne in a green tunic and yellow mantle, has 
the right hand raised in benediction, while with the 
left He holds the cross and orb. The background is 
ruby, with a white border. Some of the pattern-work 
in the other quatrefoil figures of this window, con- 
sisting of crosses with fleur-de-lys ends, in white on 
red and gold on red, is also ancient, the date of the 
whole being c. 1340. 

The font, standing to the west of the first pillar in 
the north nave arcade, is of doubtful antiquity ; if 
not new, severe re-tooling has robbed it of all appear- 
ance of age. The bowl is octagonal and quite plain, 
standing upon a large central drum and eight small 
shafts without capitals, having a cable-moulding twined 
in and out round them, for a base. 

Outside, beneath the east window, is an early 14th- 
century coffin-lid, with a cross within a circle on a 
long stem carved in low relief. Manning and Bray 
and Brayley mention a slab in the nave floor, with the 
legend in Gothic capitals : 



WALTER KNOLL CIST YCY 

BIT MERCI 



DIEV DE S ALME 



Also a brass plate, formerly existing in the chancel, 
to William Sydney, esq., who died 8 October 1449. 
Both these seem to have disappeared early in the 
i gth century. 

Within the chancel rails on the south side is a brass 
half-figure of a priest " in mass vestments, with scrolls 
proceeding from his mouth, bearing the words : 

ESTO MIHl PECCATORI : SANA ANIMX MEA QUIA 
PECCAVI T1BI 

Up to the restoration of 1845 a good specimen of 
the combined altar-tomb and Easter sepulchre, in 



Sussex marble, remained against the north wall of the 
chancel. Most improperly, it was then demolished, 
and the brasses upon and over it were permitted to 
disappear. It bore the effigies of a man and woman 
with a child between them, all kneeling, each having 
inscriptions issuing from the mouth, the man's having 
the words : ' Have m'cy Jhesu in honour of thy 
gloriovs resvrreccion ' ; the woman's : ' And grant vs 
the merite of thy bytter Passion ' ; and the child's : 
' Accipe parentes, et infantem, bone Xpe.' 

Fortunately a facsimile of the plate on the wall 
behind is preserved in an engraving, probably of the 
size of the original, in Hussey's Churches of Kent, 
Sussex, and Surrey. This, as is often the case in Easter 
sepulchres, was a representation of the Resurrection of 
our Lord, Who is stepping out of the tomb bearing 
the cross and pennon and displaying the bleeding 
wounds, while guarding the tomb are four soldiers. 
Detached from the tomb, on the other side of the 
chancel, was a shield bearing a merchant's mark and 
the initials R. H. ; and on the tomb itself, beneath 
the figures, was the imperfect inscription, which when 
complete read : ' Of your Charite pray for the soulys 
of Robert Hardyng late Alderman & Goldsmith of 
London and Agas his Wyffe whos body here lyeth 
beryed, And departyd this present lyfe the XVIII 
day of Febrvar y in the yere of ovre Lord God 
MCCCCC and III for whos Sowlys and all xpen we 
pray you say Paternoster and Ave.' Above the man's 
figure were the arms of Harding, which were : Argent 
a bend sable with three martlets or thereon. 

Among the stones cast out of the church in 1845 
were three inscribed : 

' 1664. May 1 9 th Sir Richard Onslow, Bart., 
aged 6 3.' 

' 1679. Aug' 27"" Dame Elizabeth Onslow hii 
widow, aged 78." 

' 1688. July 21 st Sir Arthur Onslow, Bart., aged 
67.' 

On the outside of the south wall of the south aisle 
is a tablet of Sussex marble, very weather-worn, 
bearing the date 1630. A few others of no great age 
or importance have been re-fixed on the aisle side of 
the north arcade. 

The bells are six in number, the oldest with the 
inscription : PRAIS GOD 1599 AW, and a coin. Two 
others have : 1638 BRYAN ELDRIDGE ; another is by 
Bryan Eldridge, 1 660 ; the treble by William Eldridge, 
1709 ; and the third, re-cast in 1862, used to have 
the inscription : OUR HOPE is IN THE LORD R.E. 1605. 

With the exception of a silver paten of 1789 the 
church plate is modern and uninteresting. 

The registers commence in 1566 and have been 
somewhat irregularly kept. As might be expected, 
they contain numerous entries relating to the Onslow 
family. 

The modern chapel of ease of St. Andrew, on the 
Common, was dedicated in 1900. 

The origins of Cranleigh as a 
ADVQWSQN parish are unknown. In Domesday 
it is not recognized. It belonged to 
the extensive manors of Shiere and Gomshall, and 
when Shiere was divided in 1 299, the greater part of it 
was included in the manor called Shiere Vachery or 



" Manning and Bray, op.cit. i, 540. The 
late Major Heales, F.S.A., in his paper on 
this church in Surr. Arch. Coll. vi, 30, in 



recording the general disappearance of the 
old glass, omits to note that parts of these 
Vachery Chapel fragments still survive. 

9' 



W Perhaps commemorating Richard 
Caryngton, rector, who died in 1507. 



A HISTORY OF SURREY 



Shiere cum Vachery and Cranleigh. It is recognized as 
a parish in the Taxation of Pope Nicholas, 1191. The 
advowson of the rectory was granted in 1244 by 
Roger de Clare, lord of Shiere, to John Fitz Geof- 
frey. 80 Robert Montalt, who had married Emma, 
widow of Richard son of John, presented to the 
church after the latter's death. 81 Two of the co- 
heirs of Richard son of John, viz. Matilda Beau- 
champ and Robert Clifford, had possession of the 
advowson. The successive representatives of their 
families presented to the church s * in alternation till the 
attainders of John, Lord Clifford, 1461, and Richard 
Earl of Warwick, 1471, after which the advowson 
was escheat to the Crown. 8 * Henry VIII granted it 
to Sir Edward Bray, 84 who sold it to Walter Cresswell, 85 
to whose son William it descended. 86 At his death 
one-third descended to his granddaughter Elizabeth, 
the other two-thirds to his son Christopher, 87 who 
ultimately inherited his niece's portion. 88 He sold 
it to Michael Pyke in i64O. 89 From this time it 
frequently changed hands. In 1691 Ralph Drake 
and his wife Mary and Anne Glyd conveyed it to 
Henry Cheynell. 90 The Rev. James Fielding in- 
herited it at his father's death late in the i8th 




century." In 1806 the Rev. 
John Wolfe was patron." It 
is now in the gift of Sir W. 
Peek, bart. The chapel at 
La Vacherie, to which chap- 
lains were appointed in 1302 
and subsequently, 95 was only 
the north transept of the 
parish church of St. Nicholas, 
dedicated in honour of the 
Trinity. 

There was an anniversary 
in Cranleigh Church main- 
tained from lands in the parish. 
Edward VI granted these to Henry Foisted. 94 

Cranleigh Cottage Hospital, found- 
CH4RITIES ed in 1859, is said to have been the 
first of the kind set up in England. 
It is partly self-supporting, patients paying on a varied 
scale according to position, and partly supported 
by subscriptions. 

Smith's Charity is distributed in Cranleigh, as in 
other Surrey parishes, to the value of 23 i8/. 8d., 
charged on the Warbleton Estate, Sussex. 



PICK, Baronet. A- 

zure a star argent <vjuh 
three crescfntt argent in 
the chief. 



DUNSFOLD 



Duntesfaud and Dunterfeld (xiii cent.) ; Dunttes- 
fold (xiv cent.). 

Dunsfold is a small parish bounded on the west by 
Chiddingfold and Godalming, on the north by 
Hascombe and Bramley, on the east by Hascombe 
and Alfold, on the south by the county of Sussex. 
It contains 4,028 acres of land and 1 1 of water. 
The parish is roughly a parallelogram of 3 miles 
from north to south and 2 miles from east to west. 
An outlying portion to the north, between the 
parishes of Bramley and Wonersh, is now the eccle- 
siastical parish of Graffham, and is included in the 
civil parish of Bramley, to which it was transferred 
with Brookwell in 1884; at the same time High 
Billinghurst was transferred from Bramley to Duns- 
fold. The parishes hereabouts were formerly very 
much intermixed, portions of various manors being 
included parochially in the parish where the caput 
manerli lay. Dunsfold, not named in Domesday, was 
probably in 1086 uninhabited woodland belong- 
ing to the manor of Bramley. It is mentioned 
in the Taxation of Pope Nicholas, 1291, but is not 
separately assessed in the early Subsidy Rolls of 
Edward III. 1 

Dunsfold is still one of the most completely rural 
and sequestered parishes of the county. The northern 
part of the consolidated parish just touches the Ather- 
field Clay at the foot of the escarpment of the Green- 



sand hills, but the main part of it is on the Wealden 
Clay. There is a patch of sand and gravel on 
Dunsfold Common. The parish is still thickly 
wooded, and the oak trees are very numerous. 
There were iron forges, or furnaces, in the 1 6th 
century in the parish. Thomas Gratwyck and 
Richard March owned three in Dunsfold, and 
Thomas Clyde one at Durfold, which is in the 
parish. 1 

In 1653 the Dunsfold forges were still at work,' 
and as late as 1758 in a list of militia William 
Gardiner, ' furnaceman ' of Dunsfold appears. 4 Burn- 
ingfold 5 Wood and Furnace Bridge preserve the 
names of places of charcoal-burning and iron-founding. 
Norden's Surveyor says that the woods at Burningfold 
were destroyed by the ironworks; but in the i8th 
century charcoal was being made for the government 
gunpowder mills just over the Sussex border close to 
Burningfold, and the woods exist still. Bricks and 
tiles are now made in the parish. The disused Wey 
and Arun Canal skirts the eastern side of the parish. 

Dunsfold village consists chiefly of small houses 
and cottages scattered round a very large green. The 
cottages are highly picturesque and a feature is the 
number of well-designed chimneys. One of these 
cottages has an unglazed window with wooden 
stanchions and shutter, such as were the rule in 
houses before glass came into general use. Mr 



80 Feet of F. Div. Co. 28 Hen. Ill, 
199. 

81 Egerton MS. 2032, fol. II, 50. 

81 Egerton MS. 2032, fol. II ; 2034, 
fol. 38 ; Wykcham'i Reg. (Hantt Rec. 
Soc.), i, 76, 1 06, 117, 124; De Banco 
R. 74.9, m. 339. 

88 Chan. Inq. p.m. 4 Edw. IV, 52. 

84 L. and P. Hen. fill, xiv (2), 780 

(33)- 

85 Feet of F. Surr. Mil. 22 Eliz. 
88 Ibid. Trin. 2 Jaa. I. 



87 Chan. Inq. p.m. (Ser. 2), cccrcvii, 93. 

88 Ibid, ccccxxxvi, 20 ; William Holt 
presented to the living in 1632. See 
Int. Bk. (P.R.O.). 

89 Feet of F. Surr. Hil. 16 Chan. I. 

90 Ibid. Trin. 3 Will, and Mary. 

91 Manning and Bray, Hist, of Surr. i, 
546. 

w Brayley, Hiit. of Surr. v, 173. 
98 Winton Epi. Reg. Beaufort, foL 550. 
94 Pat. 2 Edw. VI, pt. i, m. 14. 
1 y.CJi. Surr. i, 441. 

92 



* S.P. Dom. Eliz. xcv, 20, 61 ; xcvi, 
199. See Loseley MSS. Letter of 31 Oct. 
1588. 

* V.CJI. Surr. ii, 273. 

* List of militia of the three south- 
west hundreds of Surrey, at Loseley. 

* Burningfold however may be a name 
connected with a kindred, the Burning!, 
like Burningham in Norfolk. There was a 
Burningfold in Haslemere (rentals of 1517 
and 1653), a small tenement, perhaps 
Buringfold's originally, 



BLACKHEATH HUNDRED 



DUNSFOLD 



Ralph Nevill Sa notes the common occurrence of 
slabs of Sussex or Petworth marble for steps and 
paving-stones, and occasionally in mantel-pieces, in 
these cottages and houses a fact due to its having 
been dug in the neighbourhood of the church until 
within the memory of persons now living.* 

At Burningfold is a fine old house of timber 
framework. The two gables of the front are covered 
with tile-hanging, but in the central space on ground 
and first floors the original construction is exposed 
and exhibits some square and circle patterns in the 
framing, bearing considerable resemblance to the 
work at Great Tangley. There are some good 
mullioned windows with lead glazing, and the in- 
terior retains a little oak panelling. 

The Baptist chapel was erected in 1883, and the 
elementary school in 1839. 

BURNINGFOLD Manor seems origi- 
M4NORS nally to have been a member of Bramley. 7 
There is record of Stephen ' de Brun- 
feld ' in a suit against the Abbot of Westminster in 
1199.* In 1233-4 J nn de Fay, lord of Bramley, 
sued Richard of Burningfold for customary service in 
Bramley. 9 In 1229 John de Fay gave to Roger de 
Bydon land in the woods of Burningfold and Wither- 
fold; 10 and in 1235-6 Roger granted the land to 
Sandon Hospital to be held of him." The Witherfold 
lands reverted to the Crown and were granted to 
Ralph Camoys of Wotton." 

Richard of Burningfold and his wife Isabel were 
dealing with land in Dunsfold in 1 2712," and he was 
one of the tenants who in 1280 paid rent due from 
Bramley Manor to the Prior of Carisbrook in accor- 
dance with a grant of Ralph de Fay. 14 In 1386-7 
Robert Adam and his wife Elizabeth sold to Robert 
March certain lands in Dunsfold with the reversion of 
one-third of a quarter of a house which Joan widow 
of John of Burningfold was holding in dower." Two 
centuries later Burningfold was in the possession of 
William March and of John his son, 16 and in 1569 of 
John's son Richard March, 17 who was succeeded in 1 584 
by his son William. 18 In 1 604 William March sold the 
manor, all manorial rights, and the ironworks there 18a to 
George Buncombe for J 886. 18b But John Middleton, 
Richard Wyatt of Hall Place, Shackleford, and Thomas 
Burdett, also had claims on the estate, 19 and Dun- 
combe sold his rights to the other three in i6o8. !0 




GORING, Baronet. Ar- 
gent a cheveron between 
three rings gules. 



Middleton seems to have purchased those of Burdett, 
for in 1619 Henry Wyatt inherited one-third of the 
manor at his father's death, 11 John Middleton con- 
veyed two-thirds to Arthur Middleton in 1622,** and 
finally Henry Wyatt sold his rights in the manor to 
Arthur Middleton, 1 * whose two youngest sons succeeded 
to the manor." They sold it 
in 1657 to Henry, afterwards 
Sir Henry Goring, bart., whose 
direct descendant, Sir Harry 
Goring of Horsham, conveyed 
the manor to John Tanner in 
1722.** He died in 1751, 
and his executors sold it 
about 1756 to Viscount Mon- 
tagu (who died in 1767),** 
and Manning and Bray incor- 
rectly state that his son Anthony 
Joseph sold it by auction to 
Edmund Woods ini768;' 7 but 
Montagu mortgaged the estate to Robert and Henry 
Drummond, 28 of Drummond's Bank, in 1781, and his 
son sold it to Edmund Woods jun. in ijgo. 13 

Mr. Woods died in 1833,* his daughter Katherine 
succeeded. She was succeeded by her sister Charlotte 
Woods, who built and endowed the school on the 
Green in 1850." 

It now belongs to Mr. Samuel Barrow. 

FIELD PLACE, a farm in the south of the parish, 
is a reputed manor." In the I Jth century it was 
the property of William Cranky and his wife Mar- 
garet. 3 * It descended to their son William and from 
him to his son Henry." Henry Cranley leased 
the manor to his younger son John for forty years 
after his own death with remainder to his eldest son 
Emery." From him it descended in moieties to his 
daughters, Alice wife of Peter Quenell, 36 and Jane wife 
of George Stoughton.* 7 The whole manor descended 
to Peter Quenell, son of Alice and Peter. 38 He sold 
it to William Yalden in 1651." In 1677 William 
Yalden and Mary Yalden, widow, conveyed the 
manor to William Sadler. 40 In 1808 it was the 
property of William, nephew of Thomas Sadler, 41 
and in 1850 of James Sadler of Chiddingfold." 
Land in Chiddingfold, of this manor, was held by 
Giles Covert, who died in 1556, holding of the Dean 
and Chapter of Windsor. 43 



* Old Cottage and Domestic Architecture 
in SoutA-tvfst Surr. (znd ed.), 87. 

8 Large Paludina marble, Topley, Geol. 
of the Weald, 105. 

' In 1583-4, however, Richard March 
is said to have held it of Viscount Mon- 
tagu as of his manor of Shalford Bradestan; 
Chan. Inq. p.m. (Ser. 2), cciv, 97. 

8 Rot. Cur. Regis (Rec. Com), ii, 60. 

8 Close, 18 Hen. Ill, m. 17 d. 

10 Chart, quoted by Manning and Bray, 
ii, 60. 

11 Feet of F. SUIT. 19 Hen. Ill, 177. 
11 Cal. Pat. 1317-11, p. 565. 

18 Feet of F. Surr. 56 Hen. Ill, 27. 

14 Exch. K..R. Transcripts of Charters, 
bdle. 2. 

15 Feet of F. Surr. 10 Ric. II, 9. The 
lands were the right of Elizabeth, who 
was evidently an heiress of John of Burn- 
ingfold ; see also ibid. 2 Hen. IV, 4, 
which seems to refer to the same lands. 

Surv. of Bramley, Edw. VI. 

" Feet of F. Surr. Mil. II Eliz. 

18 Chan. Inq. p.m. (Ser. z), cciv, 97. 



'"a See V.C.H. Surr. ii, 173. 

18b Close, 2 Jas. I, pt. xx. 

19 Ibid. 6 Jas. I, pt. ii, no. 29. 

*> Ibid. ; Feet of F. Surr. Hil. 5 Jas. I. 

81 Chan. Inq. p.m. (Ser. 2), ccclixx, 132. 
Wyatt left by his will, 12 Mar. 1618, 
one-third of his share to his third son 
Francis, who died 1634, and does not refer 
to this property in his will. Henry 
borrowing money on the land refers to it 
as his by right of descent, and his mother's 
will in 1632, printed in Surr. Arch. Coll. 
iii, speaks of his having acquired an estate 
from his brothers and sisters against the 
intention of his father. 

M Feet of F. Surr. Mich. 20 Jas. I. 

88 Ibid. Trin. 14 Chas. I. Arthur Mid- 
dleton is said to have died just afterwards 
seised of two-thirds of the manor only. 
The title to the Wyatt third was probably 
in doubt. 

* Chan. Inq. p.m. (Ser. 2), cccclxxxvi, 
124. 

Feet of F. Surr. Hil. 8 Ceo. I. 

** Haslemere Registers ; Private Deeds. 

93 



27 Manning and Bray, Hist, of Surr. ii, 
61. 

89 Com. Pleas D. Enr. Trin. 30 Ceo. 
Ill, m. 257. 

ai> Ibid, and see Land Tax Assessments. 

80 Private information. 

81 Brayley, Tofog. Hist, of Surr. v, 125. 
88 In 1 347 Richard de Feld was an 

agent in a conveyance of land in Dunsfold; 
Feet of F. Surr. 21 Edw. Ill, 3. 

88 Chan. Proc. (Ser. 2), bdle. 48, no. 8. 

84 Feet of F. Div. Co. Mich. 37 Hen. 
VIII. 

85 Chan. Proc. (Ser. 2), bdle. 48, no. 8. 
84 Visit, of Surr. (Harl. Soc.), pp. 162 

and 86. 

1 Feet of F. Div. Co. HiL 5 Jas. 1 1 
Ibid. East. 6 Jas. I. 

88 Feet, of F.Surr. East i6jo. 

"Ibid. Mich. 1651. 

> Ibid. HiL 28 & 29 Chas. II. 

41 Manning and Bray, Hist, of Surr. IT, 
60. 

41 Brayley, Tofog.Hist.ofSurr.v, 125. 

48 Harl. MS. 756, foL 309. 



A HISTORY OF SURREY 



vv 



Field Place, a small manor-house, shows a most 
delightful collection of roofs of all sorts of pitches and 
dispositions, and two good chimneys, one of which 
has crow-steps to the breast below. Part of the house 
is built of brick and stone. 

GRAFFHAM GRANGE was an old house held by 
the abbey of Waverley of Roger de Clare, c. 1238, and 
inhabited by a family who took their name from it. 
About that year Walter Giffard, Abbot of Waverley, 
(1236-51), granted all the rights of the abbey in 
Graffham to Walter de Graff ham for a rent of 1 6s. a 
year, still paid to Markwick, a former possession of the 
abbey, in 1808." 

Elias of Graffham owned a mill in Shalford in the 
13th century. 45 About 1325 Eleanor widow of 
John of Graffham signed a bond at Graffham. 46 In 
I 367 John of Graffham resigned Graffham to his son 
Hugh. 47 Thomas of Graffham, lojuly 1445, granted 
all his land in Dunsfold and elsewhere to John Provys 
and Thomas George. 45 John Elliot died seised of a 
messuage called ' Graffam ' in 1 640." It passed from 
the Elliots to the Mellersh family, from whom 
Mr. Richard Eager bought it in 1803. He sold it to 
Mr. James Stedman of Guild- 
ford in 1832. Mr. J. C. 
McAndrew was the late owner, 
and it now belongs to Mr. F. A. 
Shepherd. 

HIGH LOXLET, a farm 
near Park Hatch, in Has- 
combe, was in the possession 
of the Hull family in the 1 6th 
and I 7th centuries." Thomas 
Hull conveyed it to John 
Machell, who sold it in 1682 
to John Child ; " his grand- 
son Charles Child is said to 
have succeeded to it and to 
have left it to his niece Martha 
Searle (see Tangley, in Wo- 

nersh). It was purchased in 1770 by Peter Flutter, 
whose daughter carried it in marriage to John 
Martyr." 

SMITHBROOK Manor was a possession of the 
Knights of St. John, 53 and was an appurtenance of 
their preceptory of Poling, co. Sussex. 54 Queen 
Elizabeth granted the manor to Edward Wymarke, 65 
who appears to have sold it to George Austen of 
Shalford. 56 George Austen died seised of it in 1621 . w 
From that time it descended with the rectory manor 
of Shalford (q.v.). 

The church of ST. MART AND 
CHURCHES ALL S4INTS stands remote from 
the village on a hillock well elevated 
above the surrounding country. To the east of the 
church is the rectory-house, a picturesque gabled and 
tile-hung structure, probably dating from the 1 5th 
century. 

The churchyard, approached from the east, is large, 




HULL. Urgent a clie- 
veron azure bctiveen three 
demi - lions passant gules 
with three beeants on the 
cheveron and a chief ta- 
ble -with nvo files argent 
therein. 



and has been extended down the slope of the hill to 
the south during recent years. Besides other trees it 
contains two yews, one of which, with a hollow trunk, 
close by the south porch, is probably one of the most 
ancient trees in the county. 

The walls are constructed of Bargate stone rubble, 
of a bright yellow colour in places, with dressings of 
the same stone, and the mortar joints of the walling 
are galleted with chips of ironstone in parts ; but this, 
although an ancient local fashion, may only date from 
recent restorations, when large parts of the walls were 
re-faced or re-pointed and some rebuilt. In Crack- 
low's view they appear as plastered externally. A 
border of Horsham slabs, with which the entire 
church was roofed originally, remains on the nave and 
north transept roofs, but they have mostly been re- 
placed by tiles. The timber bell-turret, at the west 
end, and its square spire, are covered with oak 
shingles. 

Its cruciform plan follows a favourite local type, 
Cranley, Ewhurst, Witley,Godalming,and St. Martha's 
chapel being neighbouring examples of cross churches. 
But in these cases the plan seems to have grown to the 
cruciform shape, whereas here it would appear to have 
been designed from the first. The nave is 47 ft. long 
by 20 ft. 9 in., the chancel (the axis of which inclines 
to the north) 3 1 ft. 6 in. by 1 6 ft. 3 in., and the 
transepts, which vary in width between 1 2 ft. 2 in. 
and 12 ft. 10 in., have the shallow projection of 8 ft. 
internally. There is a spacious porch on the south 
of the nave coeval with the church ; and on the north 
of the chancel vestries and an organ-chamber have 
been built in modern times. There are original 
buttresses, two at each angle, except on the east side of 
the transepts. The west respond of the south transept 
arch is an entire octagonal column, the obvious 
assumption being that the intention of the builders 
abandoned during the progress of the work was to 
build an aisle on this side instead of a transept. The 
timber turret at the west end is carried on four huge 
oak baulks with arched braces, and is probably a 
1 5th-century addition. 

The date of the entire church is between 1270 
and 1290, and it is remarkable for being practically 
all in the one style. If there were an earlier building 
the place itself is not named in Domesday no 
trace of it remains in the stonework. About 1304 
the advowson, which was (as it now is) in the hands 
of the Crown, was given by Edward I to the hospital 
of St. Mary at Spital without Bishopsgate, and to this 
circumstance is doubtless due the erection of the 
church, and the exceptional beauty and regularity of 
the work. 58 

The chancel is of two bays, each with a two-light 
window, in which the lights have trefoiled cusping 
with a circle over containing a pointed trefoil ; the 
whole within a pointed inclosing arch, and worked 
with mouldings on three planes, some parts being 
exceptionally delicate and rich for country work. This 



** Deeds formerly in possession of Mr. 
Mellersh of Godalming, quoted by Man- 
ning and Bray, op. cit. ii, $9. Possibly the 
rent was included in the advowsons, &c. in 
Dunsfold belonging to the abbey at the 
Dissolution. The advowson did not be- 
long to it. 

Feet of F. Surr. 32 Hen. Ill, 53. 

4 * Deeds quoted by Manning and Bray, 
op. cit. ii, $9. 



4 ' Ibid. Ibid. 

49 Chan. Inq. p.m. (Scr. 2), mcci, 147. 

* Feet of F. Surr. Trin. 20 Jas. I ; 
Com. Pleas D. Enr. Mich. 23 Chas. I. 

61 Recov. R. Trin. 14 Chas. II, m. 137; 
R. of West Bramley quoted by Manning 
and Bray. 

M According to Manning and Bray, 
Hist, of Surr. ii, 60. 

M Cott. MS. Claud. E. 6, fol. 143. 

94 



" Ibid. fol. 281. 

65 Pat. 30 Eliz. pt. vii, m. I. 

w See Manning and Bray, op. cit. ii, 59. 

" Chan. Inq. p.m. (Ser. 2), cccxcvii, 90. 

68 There are points of resemblance be- 
tween this work and that in Trotton 
Church, Sussex, and in the transepts of 
North Stoke Church in the same county, 
both somewhat elaborate work of about 
the same date. 



BLACKHEATH HUNDRED 



DUNSFOLD 



design is repeated in the two remaining windows in 
the side walls of the nave (there were two others in the 
western bay, filled up when the timber tower was 
built), and in the opposite walls of the transepts, the 
only variation in the design being that the two western 
windows of the chancel were prolonged downwards, 
after the manner of a certain class of low side win- 
dows. The east window of each transept is of a 
different design, smaller and plainer, consisting of two 
trefoiled lights with a quatrefoil over, the whole 
worked on one plane, with chamfers instead of 
mouldings, and without an inclosing arch. The east 
window of the chancel is large and of three trefoiled 
lights, with three cinquefoiled circles above within a 
moulded inclosing arch, but without a hood. There 
is a quatrefoil panel in the apex of the gable, originally 
an opening pierced for ventilation, but reproduced in 
this meaningless form at the 1882 restoration, when 



its place. The rafters and boarding of the roof still 
retain scroll patterns painted c. 1280. 

Besides the priest's door in the south wall of the 
chancel, there is a small doorway in the north wall of 
the north transept and the usual south door in the 
nave, all having engaged shafts with capitals and bases, 
delicate hollow stop-chamfers to the jambs, and 
moulded arches and labels. The nave doorway retains 
its original oak door, with coeval wrought-iron hinges, 
strap-work, closing ring, scutcheon, and a large solid 
oak lock-case. This doorway has a pointed segmental 
head on the inside, moulded and having a moulded 
hood which is made to die into the string-course of 
plain circular section which runs almost entirely round 
the church on the inside. 

The chancel and transept arches are doubly hollow 
chamfered, and the former has no capitals. Those of 
the transept arches are boldly moulded, of differing 




DUNSKOLD CHURCH FROM THE SOUTH-EAST 



also the east window was raised in the wall and a 
transom with blank panels inserted beneath it a very 
unwarrantable tampering with the fine design. The 
west window of the nave has interlacing tracery in 
three lights, the centre cinquefoiled and the others 
trefoiled, with pointed trefoils and quatrefoils in the 
spaces above. This window has a hood-mould the 
only one used externally and its mouldings and 
character are so far different from the others as to 
suggest that it is an insertion of slightly later date 
(c. 1300). 

The south porch is remarkable for its excep- 
tional antiquity, the main timbers, including the 
trefoiled bargeboard (which has a curious ' halved ' 
joint at the apex) being coeval with the church. 
Early in the i6th century, however, the original 
doorway was removed and the present one, with four- 
centred head and Tudor roses in the spandrels, put in 



sections, corresponding to those in the door-shafts. 
The chancel arch was, most reprehensibly, heightened 
and widened, a hood-moulding being added in the 
restoration of 1882, and in this way a squint and 
image-niche on the northern side of the arch were 
displaced. Both transepts retain their piscinae, that 
in the south transept having grooves for the oak shelf. 
The northern one is in the north wall, i.e. on the 
gospel side of the altar, a somewhat unusual position. 
Part of what may have been a piscina belonging to 
one of the nave altars is preserved in the vestry. The 
triple sedilia and piscina in the chancel are a most 
beautiful composition, the four arches having undercut 
hood-mouldings dying into the circular string-course 
over them. The arches have a wave-moulding as the 
outer order, as in the windows and doors, and a 
hollow for the inner, which is worked into a light and 
graceful trefoil. The mouldings of the capitals and 



95 



A HISTORY OF SURREY 



bases of the sedilia are also peculiarly good, and the 
two centre ones are of Sussex marble, together with 
their shafts. The seat levels are stepped up, and the 
piscina has a credence shelf and an elegantly moulded 
bowl with two circular basins. 69 

Ancient roofs, no doubt coeval with the walls, 
remain in the nave and transepts, but that of the 
chancel is of modern deal. Perhaps the most inter- 
esting feature in the church is the 1 3th-century 
seating in the nave, in an almost perfect state. The 
design of the standards, which is nearly alike in the 
dozen or so ancient benches, is quaint resembling a 
pair of cows'-horns with balls on the tips ; and round 
the edges is worked a hollow chamfer. These benches 
had a narrow plank for seat lately widened and a 
thick rail to rest the back against, the space between 
it and the seat being filled with a thin plank. They 
stood upon a continuous oak plate or curb, which has 
lately been done away with, and a separate block put 
under each standard. 60 In the vestry is preserved part 
of the very graceful fleur-de-lys termination of the 
quire stalls of the same date the only fragment 




PLAN OF DUNSFOLD CHURCH 



remaining. It resembles others of like pattern at 
Merrow, Effingham, and Great Bookham in this 
county. An Elizabethan or Jacobean altar-table is 
also preserved in the vestry. 

The walls of the church appear to have been 
painted at about the time of the completion of the 
work with a series of very small subjects, of which 
copies made at the time they were discovered have 
been framed and hung up in the nave. They seem 
to have been executed chiefly in red outline, and on 



round the whole of the nave under the string- 
course.' 61 On the east wall of the nave and transepts 
the remains of a hunting-scene, with a hare and stag, 
suggested the mediaeval allegory of The Three Dead 
and the Three Living of which subject there is a 
painting in existence at Charlwood Church, Surrey. 61 
St. Christopher and St. George appear to have been 
painted on the north wall of the nave, probably in the 
1 5th century, and an undecipherable painting of this 
later period still remains within the space occupied by 
the timber tower, on the south wall of the nave. 

Some grisail'e quarries, coeval with the windows, 
still remain in the chancel, and the bordering of the 
modern glass in the east window is copied from the 
old. The font with small circular bowl in Sussex 
marble is of uncertain date, but probably late 13th- 
century, although some authorities have placed it as 
late as the latter part of the lyth century. The only 
mediaeval monument now visible is a stone slab dug 
up in the nave and now placed in the south transept, 
which has moulded edges, and probably once bore a 
cross. It is a monumental slab and not a coffin-lid. 
Aubrey mentions a gravestone 
in the chancel to 'John Ship- 
say, Dr. of Divinity, Rector of 
the Parsonage of Dunsfold,' 
who was ' chaplayn to King 
Charles the First,' and died in 
1665, but this is no longer to 
be seen. 

The registers commence in 
1628. The first volume, which 
ends in 1653, is partly tran- 
scribed in volume two, which 
contains baptisms to 1810, 
burials to 1812, marriages to 
1752. The registers of bap- 
tisms and marriages are com- 
pleted in volumes three and 
four. They contain, among 
other items of interest, a record 
that Sarah Pick, on 1 8 March 
1665, 'did penance in a white 
sheet,' with the remarkable ad- 
dendum that ' She was excom- 

cated code die': and another notice of the penance in 
private of one 'J. Barnes and An his wife' in 1667. 

There is a silver cup of I 566 and a ewer of 1578 
among the church plate ; also an old pewter tankard- 
shaped flagon, no longer used. 

Of the six bells three are modern, added in 1892. 
One, recast in 1893, was by William Knight of 
Reading, 1583, inscribed multit annis resonet campana 
Johannis. Another bears the date 1621, and the 
inscription ' Our hope is in the Lorde ' : and a third 



the south wall of the nave, immediately westward of of 1 64.9 is by Bryan Eldridge, 



the transept arch, ' the scheme of human redemption 
was probably set forth, commencing with the Fall of 
Man, and ending with the Coronation of the Blessed 
Virgin the last within a quatrefoil ... A band 
of interlacing, or chain-work, is said to have run 



The advowson of the parish 
church was at first in the hands 
of the king, who granted it with 
that of Shalford to St. Mary Spital without Bishops- 
gate in 1304-5 ;" it followed the history of Shalford 



59 The range of aedilia and piscina 
at Preston, Sussex, is a coarse edition 
of these. Trotton, Lynchmerc, and 
Sompting, Sussex, have very similar pis- 
cinae. 

Burstow, Chiddingfold and Witley, 
in Surrey, have one or two seats of some- 



what similar character and date. Did- 
ling, Sussex, Minstead in the New Forest, 
Winchfield, Hants, Clapton in Gordano, 
Somerset, and Churchdown, Gloucester- 
shire, are other examples of nave seating 
of the late I3th or early 141)1 cen- 
tury. 

9 6 



" J. L. Andre, F.S.A, Surr. Arch. 
Coll. xiii, 9. 

82 Another was found at Fetcham in 
this county, and the same subject was 
formerly to be seen over the chancel arch 
at Battle, Sussex. 

* Chart. R. 33 Edw. I, no. 49. 



BLACKHEATH HUNDRED 



EWHURST 



Rectory until the suppression of the priory, from 
which time the church has been in the gift of the 
Crown. 64 

The church of St. Andrew Graffham, built in 1 86 1 
of the local sandstone, is in 14th-century style, with 
a bell-turret containing two bells surmounted by a 
spire. 



The ecclesiastical district of Grafham or Graffham 
was formed in 1863 out of the civil parishes of Bram- 
ley and Dunsfold. The living is in the gift of the 
vicar. 

The parish benefits from Henry 
_ . , , * , . . - ... 

Smith s chanty and from Wyatt & 
Hospital in Godalming. 



EWHURST 



Yweherst and Uhurst (xiii cent.) ; Iwehurst (xiv 
cent.) ; Ewehurst (xv cent.). 

Ewhurst is a parish bounded on the north by 
Shere, on the east by Ockley (formerly detached, 
now added to Abinger) and Abinger, on the west 
by Cranleigh, on the south by the county of Sussex. 
It is 5 miles from north to south, and a mile and 
a half from east to west, of a fairly regular form. 
It contains 5,417 acres. The village is 12 miles 
south-east of Guildford, and 1 1 miles south-west of 
Dorking. 

The northern part of the parish is on the Green- 
sand hills Ewhurst Hill, Pitch Hill, and Coneyhurst 
Hill ; but the greater part of it is upon the Wealden 
Clay, in the ancient forest. It is still well wooded, 
and the oak grows with great vigour in the soil. It 
has no large open spaces, except upon the hills to the 
north ; and these have been much inclosed and planted 
during the last twenty years. A road from Rudgwick 
in Sussex, whence are branches to Horsham and Pul- 
borough, runs through the village to Shere. By the 
side of this road, where it crosses the summit of the 
hill, stood Ewhurst Mill, which for many years was a 
conspicuous landmark visible for many miles. Of 
late years it has been disused as a mill, the sails are 
taken down, and the greater growth of trees has helped 
to make it less easily seen. 

Till the i gth century had advanced someway there 
was no properly made road in Ewhurst parish. A 
Roman road existed, which was carefully traced by the 
late Mr. James Park Harrison, 1 and is laid down on 
the 6-in. Ordnance map as running west of the village. 
When King John was at Guildford and Knepp Castle 
in Sussex on the same day, 21 January 1215, in 
winter-time when unmade ways were foul, he very 
probably used this road. Nothing shows the back- 
wardness of the Weald more than the absolute disuse 
and forgetting of these lines of through communication. 
Ewhurst is not named in Domesday. It was part of 
the great royal manor of Gomshall, but was probably 
sparsely inhabited. That there was some population 
soon afterwards is implied by Norman work in the 
church. But it was a chapel to Shere still, the earliest 
evidence of it as a parish being in 1291. 

The schools were built in 1840. In 1870 another 
school was built at the hamlet of Ellen's Green, in 
the extreme south of the parish. 



The house of Baynards Park is in Ewhurst parish, 
though most of the park is in Cranleigh. It is now 
the seat of Mr. T. J. Waller. 

Among modern houses in Ewhurst parish are 
Coverwood, the seat of Mr. H. F. Locke-King ; 
Ewhurst Place, the seat of Col. Thomas Warne Lem- 
mon ; Woolpits, high up Coneyhurst Hill, the seat 
of Mr. H. L. Doulton. 

The Ewhurst Institute and Reading Room was 
built by subscription in 1901. 

SOMERSBURr Manor, which in- 
M4NORS eludes the central portion of Ewhurst 
parish, was originally a member of Gom- 
shall.' It was separated from the main manor in the 
1 2th century, when Henry II retained it at the time 
of his grant of Gomshall to William Malveisin and 
Ingram Wells. 1 

The first indication of a tenant occurs in 1272, 
when Herbert of Somersbury obtained from the 
parson of Ewhurst a quitclaim of a house and land in 
Ewhurst. 4 He was still living in 1276,* but seems to 
have been succeeded by Henry of Somersbury, probably 
his son, who was holding land of the manor of Gom- 
shall in 1 298-9." Early in the next century Richard 
and Henry of Somersbury were buying land in the- 
neighbouring parish of Cranleigh. 7 About the year 
1317-18 Henry of Somersbury died holding Somers- 
bury, which then consisted of a house and half a. 
carucate of land in Gomshall. 8 He was succeeded by 
his son Henry, who obtained licence to hear divine 
service in the oratory of Ewhurst. 9 At his death the 
manor descended to his son Richard, 10 who enfeoffed 
Eleanor, Countess of Ormond," probably in order 
to secure himself against any claim she might make 
on the manor as a member of Shiere Vachery, for 
in 1 3445 she re-enfeoffed Richard of Somersbury 
of it." He then alienated it to a certain Agnes, after- 
wards wife of Walter of Hamme," who conveyed it in 
13645 to John Busbridge on consideration of a life- 
rent to Walter and Agnes. 14 John Busbridge was 
succeeded by his son Robert, 14 who died holding the 
manor in 1416, leaving a son and heir Thomas." In 
September 1455 John Busbridge, who was then holding. 
Somersbury, died leaving a brother Robert, during: 
whose minority the king granted the custody of Somers- 
bury to Richard Langport, clerk. 17 The heir had 
already alienated it to a certain Thomas Playstow, 18 so 



" In.t. Bk.. P.R.O. 

1 Surr. Arch. CM. vi, I. 

Testa de Nevill (Rec. Com.), 225. 

* See the account of Gomshall in Shere. 
Feet of F. Surr. 56 Hen. Ill, 3. 

s Chan. Inq. p.m. 4 Edw. I, 47, where 
he appears as a juror in an inquisition 
touching Gomshall. 



Add. Chart. (B.M.), 5578 ; Chan. Inq. 
p.m. 27 Edw. I, no. 45. 

I Feet of F. Surr. 32 Edw. I, 17 ; 34 
Edw. I, 9. 

8 Chan. Inq. p.m. 1 1 Edw. II, no. 50. 

9 Egerton MS. 2032, foL 6oA. 

1 Feet of F. Surr. 6 Edw. Ill, 36. 

II Chan. Inq. a.q.d. cccxlvii, I. 

Feet of F. Surr. 18 Edw. Ill, 8. 

97 



She held Shiere Vachery for life. The ori- 
ginal connexion with Gomshall had been 
perhaps forgotten. 

18 Chan. Inq. a.q.d. cccxlvii, I. 

Feet of F. Surr. 38 Edw. Ill, 42. 

15 Chan. Inq. p.m. 6 Hen. IV, no. 46. 

Ibid. 4 Hen. V, no. 23. 

17 Cal. Pal. 1461-7, p. 179. 

18 Ibid. 

'3 



A HISTORY OF SURREY 



that it seems probable that on that account it was 
forfeited to the Crown. It was granted with Shiere to 
John, Lord Audley, and forfeited by his son James 
after the insurrection at Blackheath." It was then 
farmed by a certain William Cokys, 80 and in October 
i Jl i, Henry VIII granted it with other lands in 
Ewhurst to Thomas Salter, Sewer of the Chamber, to 
hold for the annual rent of a red rose.* 1 The manor 
seems, however, to have been restored to John, Lord 
Audley, for he conveyed it in 1532 to Thomas Wolley 
the younger." In 1 549 Ambrose Wolley sold the 
manor to Robert Whitfeld,* 8 who held it till 1576, 
when he sold it to Nicholas Dendy "and his son John, 
w\io were also holding Breach." Nicholas died at 
Rwhurst in October 1 5 87 and was succeeded by John 
Dendy, 16 who conveyed the manor to Edward Dendy 
in 1621." In 1640 Henry Ockley and his wife 
Beatrice were in possession, and sold the reversion to 
John Clifton of Worplesdon.* 8 

In 1 648 these three conveyed it to Richard Evelyn 
of Baynards.' 9 John Dendy was farming it at the 
time of the Commonwealth. 10 It descended from 
Richard Evelyn to his daughter Ann, wife of William 
Montague, who conveyed it to William Freeman in 
1674." In 1680 William Montague, junior, 'seised 
in fee in reversion," surrendered all his rights to 
William Freeman. The latter in 1700 granted 
a lease for a year to Sir Richard Onslow ' to test 
the possession,' and his son, Thomas Onslow, after- 
wards the second Lord Onslow, mortgaged the pro- 
perty in 1714," as owner. It continued in Lord 
Onslow's family till about 1863, when it was bought 






ONSLOW, Earl Onslow. 
Azure a Jesse gules be 
noeen fix Cornish choughs. 



SCARLETT, Lord Abin- 
ger. Cheeky or and gules 
a lion ermine and a quar- 
ter azure with a castle 
argent therein. 



by the late William Lord Abinger, in whose heir it 
now remains. 

It seems possible that the manor of BdTNdRDS, 
which lies on the boundary between Ewhurst and 
Cranleigh, was originally a part of Pollingfold (q.v.), 
and never a separate manor, though so called, for 
tenants of the Baynards estate appear in the court 
rolls of Pollingfold (extant between 1772 and 1883). 
In 1447 William Sydney the younger obtained a 
licence to impark 800 acres of land appertaining to 




his ' manor ' of Baynards." According to a monu- 
mental inscription in Cranleigh Church, quoted by 
Aubrey in the I7th century, William Sydney died 
in 1449.'' He was succeeded by a son William, 
whose widow Elizabeth obtained the custody of his 
lands during the minority of his daughters Elizabeth 
and Anne." Baynards Manor appears to have 
been the portion of Anne, who married William 
(afterwards Sir William) Uvedale.* 6 According to 
his will * 7 a rent was to be paid to his eldest son and 
the residue of the profits divided between his younger 
son John and his brother Thomas. The manor was 
conveyed to Reginald Bray or his brother John. Ed- 
mund Lord Bray, son of the latter, sold it in 1535 to 
his brother Sir Edward Bray. Sir Edward Bray died 
in 1558. His son Sir Edward mortgaged Baynards, 

2 November 1580, to John 
Reade of Sterborough, 58 to 
whom he sold Pollingfold 

3 December, a month later. 
On 29 October 1587 John 
Reade released his rights in 
Baynards to George More of 
Loseley, afterwards knighted, 
and a fine was levied in 1588 
confirming the conveyance. 
Baynards was bought by More 
with his wife's money, she 
being a wealthy heiress.' 9 He 
probably rebuilt the house 
with the great hall, which 

now exists, for his home while his father Sir William 
was alive. 40 In 1604, after the death of the latter, 
Sir George, his wife Constantia, and his son Sir Robert, 
conveyed Baynards to Sir Francis Woolley of Pirford, 
Sir George More's nephew, for a sum of money and 
the manor of Witley in exchange. 

On 6 March 4 James (1607) Sir Francis Woolley 
sold Baynards for 4,400 to Edward Bayninge, 
gentleman, of London. He presumably died, leaving 
an heir Andrew Bayninge, who sold it i 5 February 
1608-9 to I saac Woder of Plumstead in Kent. 
Woder, who also had acquired Knowle in Cranleigh, 
described as ' a manor in Surrey and Sussex,' in the 
same year, sold Baynards 28 February 160910 to 
Robert Jossey. His son James Jossey alias Hay 
mortgaged his property, and was clearly in considerable 
difficulties, for on 23 January 1628-9 his mot her 
Margaret surrendered to him all her jointure, Polling- 
fold Manor, Coneyhurst Hill, and two rooms over 
' the great dining chamber ' at Baynards. The mort- 
gage changed hands, and finally Richard Gurnard, 
citizen and clothworker, conveyed his rights under it 
to Richard Evelyn, father of the diarist, i 3 November 
1629. On 30 August 1630 Jossey released all his 
rights in Baynards and Pollingfold to Richard Evelyn, 
and in 1631 a lessee of Mrs. Jossey's jointure sur- 
rendered his lease to Evelyn. 41 



MORI of Loseley. A- 
seure a cross argent with 
Jive martlea sable there- 
on. 



Pat. 7 Edw. IV, pt, i, m. 6. 
*> Rentals and Surv. (P.R.O.), rviii, 51. 
L. and P. Hen. VIII, i, 1916. 
Feet of F. SUIT. East. 23 Hen. VIII. 
Ibid. Mich. 3 Edw. VI. 
Ibid. Mich. 18 & 19 Eliz. 
Ibid. 

* Chan. Inq. p.m. (Ser. 2), ccix, 118. 
7 Feet of F. Surr. HiL 18 Jas. I ; Re- 
COT. R. East. 19 Jas. I, rot. 59. 
18 Deed of Lord Onslow. 



** Ibid.; Close, 22 Chas. I, pt. ii, no. 5. 

80 Surr. Arch. Coll. xvii, 88. 

81 Feet of F. Surr. East. 26 Chas. II. 
* Deeds of Lord Onslow. 

"Chart. R. 25 & 26 Hen. VI, no. 12. 

81 Antiq. of Surr. (ed. 1718), iv, 85. 

85 Cal. Pat. 14.61-7, p. 273. 

"Till 1487 it was held in dower by 
Elizabeth their mother, who had remar- 
ried Sir Thomas Uvedale. See Cal. Inj. 
p.m. Hen. Vll, i, 170, 171. 

9 8 



7 See Surr. Arch. Coll. iii, 171. 

88 Cf. Feet of F. Surr. Trin. 22 Eliz. ; 
a conveyance to Sir Thomas Cotton, 
probably for the purposes of the mort- 
gage. 

89 Settlement at Loseley. 

40 John Evelyn in his letter to Aubrey 
prefixed to Aubrey's Hist, and Antiq. of 
Surr. says that More built the house. 
Some of it, however, is probably older. 

41 Deeds of Lord Onslow. 






BLACKHEATH HUNDRED 



He settled the manor on his youngest son Richard," 
who in 1648 acquired Somersbury (see above), and 
the entire property descended to the Onslow family 
as already stated." A distinction of Baynards is that 
it has belonged at various times to the four leading 
families in Surrey since the year 1500, namely Bray, 
More, Evelyn, and Onslow. The second Sir Edward 
Bray who held it married Elizabeth Roper, grand- 
daughter of Sir Thomas More, whence the fact or 
legend that Sir Thomas More's skull was preserved at 
Baynards. 

John Evelyn visiting it in 1657 describes the house 
as ' a very fair noble residence having one of the 
goodliest avenues of oaks up to it that ever I saw.' u 

Later, however, the house ceased to be used as a 
gentleman's house, Arthur Onslow the Speaker, Lord 
Cranley, resided at Knowle, and Baynards was merely 
a farm-house. In 1 8 1 8 Lord Onslow sold Polling- 
fold and Baynards to John Smallpeice of Guildford. 
In 1824 Pollingfold was sold to Richard Gates, and 
in 1832 the estate was reunited by the Rev. Thomas 
Thurlow, son of the Bishop of Durham and nephew 
to the Lord Chancellor Thurlow. He added to and 
restored or rebuilt the house, under the direction of 
Sir Matthew Digby Wyatt, and made a fine collection 
of paintings, armour, furniture and tapestry, which 
remain in the house. He raised the roof of the 
original hall, turning one of the rooms over it into the 
present gallery at the end, and altered the entrance. 
Mr. Thurlow died in 1874, and was succeeded by his 
son Mr. Thomas Lyon Thurlow, who in 1889 sold 
Baynards and the manor of Pollingfold to Mr. T. J. 
Waller, the present owner. The house is mainly of 
brick, but the foundations are of Sussex marble and 
the roof of Horsham slates, both found in the neigh- 
bourhood. The house is very handsome, with an air 
of antiquity about it, and the grounds are picturesque. 
An avenue of Wellingtonias leads from the station 
towards the house. 

The reputed manor of BREACH was probably a 
member of Gomshall Netley. 45 In the 1 6th century 
it was the property of John Agmondesham. 46 He 
mortgaged the manor to William Atlee and Nicholas 
Dendy, who disputed the division of the estates. 
Nicholas Dendy died during the dispute, but it was 
settled by compromise that his son John should have 
the northern half of the lands, i.e. North Breach." 
Finally, in 1594, William Atlee conveyed all his right 
to Ralph Dendy, probably the heir of John Dendy.' 9 



EWHURST 

In 1630 Edward Dendy sold the manor to Walter 
Longhurst,' 9 whose descendants remained in possession 
for nearly a century and a half. Ralph Long- 
hurst and Richard Stening M were holding South 
Breach at the time of the Commonwealth. In 
1 768-9 Richard Longhurst and his wife Anne sold 
the manor to John Vincent of Stoke by Guildford." 
His grandson and heir died leaving an only daughter," 
probably the Mary Hone, who joined with her hus- 
band, William Smith, in a sale of the manor, under 
the name of North Breach, to Samuel John Symons 
Trickey in 1803." It afterwards belonged to a family 
named Donithorne, from whom it was bought by 
Mrs. Fletcher Bennett about 1877. It is now in 
the hands of the Bennett trustees. 

CONETHURST is situated on the rising ground 
north of the village and was in the possession of 
Ambrose Wolley in 1553, and probably formed a part 
of his manor of Somersbury. It was then sold by him 
to Sir Edward Bray, M who bequeathed it in 1558 to 
his son Edward on condition of paying off a mort- 
gage. 54 In 1593 it was in the possession of a certain 
Ralph Dalton, 66 to whose son, Richard, it descended 
in November 1 60 1," and from him it passed in 1615 
to his two daughters, Joan and Elizabeth, who were 
then both minors. 69 Joan married Richard Bridger, 
and Elizabeth, Henry Matchwick. 49 In 1676 the 
whole manor was settled on Joan, 60 and descended 
from her to her nephew Henry Bridger. Henry died 
in 1695, and his cousin Richard covenanted with 
Edward Wood, who had married Elizabeth daughter 
to Henry, to levy a fine." In 1776 it was the 
property of Thomas Wood, 61 who died in 1779 
leaving a son and heir Thomas, 6 * in whose family it 
continued. 

POLLINGFOLD in Ewhurst extended into Cran- 
leigh parish and into Sussex. It was held of the 
lords of Gomshall, 6 ' and the first under-tenant of whom 
record has been found is John of Pollingfold, who 
lived in the time of Edward I. 65 From him the 
manor passed to Lettice wife of William Man, 66 who 
sold it in 133410 a certain Robert,' 7 who was perhaps 
a trustee for the Brocas family, for in 1345 Sir John 
Brocas had a grant of free warren there. 68 The manor 
was released by his widow to his son Sir Bernard with 
remainder to Sir Bernard's half-brother John, but, 
John having died, his brother Oliver succeeded to 
Pollingfold, where he took up his residence. 69 He 
granted it in 1397 to Sir Bernard's son Bernard, 



49 It was settled on him in tail male, but 
by a subsequent deed was entailed on 
him and hi heirs. 

48 In 1648 Baynards, Somersbury, and 
Ewhurst Mill were settled on Mrs. Eliza- 
beth Evelyn, wife of Richard. She kept 
an interest till her death, 1692, and held 
a court in 1690, as lady of the manor of 
Pollingfold. 

44 Evelyn's Diary (ed. W. Bray), 305. 

45 Manning and Bray quote Ct. R. of 
Gomshall Netley, in which this manor U 
stated to be the property of John Amer- 
sham, and late of John of Breach (flat, 
of Surr. i, 503). 

4 Feet of F. Sun. Trin. 29 Eliz. In August 
1462 William Agmondesham had granted 
to Thomas Smallpeice the rents and service 
of lands called Hakkers in Ewhurst in the 
vill of Gomshall ; See Surr. Arch. Coll. 
xviii, 224. 

Chan. Proc. (Eliz.) Aa, i*, 43 ; Dd, 



v, 53. John also claimed certain quit- 
rents in the whole manor. 

48 Feet of F. Surr. Trin. 36 Eliz. 

4 Ibid. Surr. Trin. 6 Chas. I. 

60 Surr. Arch. Call, xyii, 88. Parlia- 
mentary Survey of Church Lands. 

51 Feet of F. Surr. Mich. 9 Geo. III. 
The manor here seems to have included 
both North and South Breach, while the 
later deeds possibly also refer to both 
moieties under the name of North Breach. 

w Feet of F. Surr. Mich. 3 Geo. III. 

" Manning and Bray, Hist, of Surr. i, 5 03. 

54 Feet of F. Surr. Mich. I Mary. 

" P.C.C. 47 Welles. 

M Chan. Inq. p.m. (Ser. 2), ceil, 9. 

W Ibid, cclxx, 1 44. "Ibid, ccclv, 87. 

"See Feet of F. Surr. East. 13 Chas. I ; 
East. 14 Chas. I. 

Ibid. Hil. 28 & 29 Chas. II. 

Ibid. 9 Will, and Mary ; and deeds of 
the Wood family. 

99 



"Ibid. Trin. 16 Geo. III. 

68 Manning and Bray, op. cit. i, 503. 

64 After its division into East and West 
Pollingfold the former was held of Gom- 
shall Netley and the latter of Gomshall 
Towerhill ; Chan. Inq. p.m. (Ser. 2), 
ccilvii, 72, and Ct. R. quoted by Manning 
and Bray, i, 501. 

MPlac. Abbrru. (Rec. Com.), 262. 

68 Chan. Inq. p.m. 27 Edw. 1,45 ; John's 
grandson Robert of Pollingfold sued Lettice 
for the manor, but was unsuccesful as he 
had described it as lying entirely in Surrey, 
whereas loo acres of land and 2O>. rent 
were in Sussex (De Banco R. 281, m. 78). 

W Feet of F. Surr. 8 Edw. Ill, 3. The 
surname of the purchaser is torn away in 
the conveyance. The initial letter appears 
to be a T. 

68 Chart. R. 19 Edw. Ill, m. 8. 

"Close, 4 Edw. Ill, 21 j Burrows. 
Family oj Brocas, 425 et seq. 



A HISTORY OF SURREY 



whose son and heir William entered upon it in 
1405-6, and died in 1456, before which date he is 
said to have sold it to William Sydney of Loseley. 71 
It was evidently divided between the two daughters 
of William son of William Sydney ; of these, the one, 
Anne, married William Uvedale, and the other, Eliza- 
beth, married John Hampden. 71 The njanor was 
divided in moieties, whence doubtless arose the names 
EAST and WEST POLLINGFOLD. The Ufedale 
anoiety, East Pollingfold, chiefly in Ewhurst, was 
.alienated by Anne n to Sir Edward Bray and others 
in I528. 74 He had already purchased Elizabeth 
Hampden's moiety, or West Pollingfold, and Baynards 
from his brother Edmund Lord Bray," whose uncle 
Reginald, to whom Edmund was heir, or whose father, 
John, had apparently purchased it from Michael Dor- 
mer, to whom Sir John Hampden had conveyed it in 
I52O, 76 and thus the manor was reunited, but not for 
long. In 1581 Sir Edward sold the manor of 
Pollingfold with 40 acres of land and 30;. rent in 
Sussex to John Rede, 77 who conveyed it to Edward 
Tanworth seven years later. 78 The latter sold it in 
1595 to George, afterwards Sir George More, 79 of 
JBaynards, with which it has since descended (q.v.). 

AST POLLINGFOLD apparently was again 
separated from the main manor before 1560, and in 
October 1 606 Sir Thomas Leedes, son of John Leedes 
of Wapingthorne, Sussex, sold it to John Hill of 
Ewhurst. 80 Some years after the latter's death it was 
assigned to one of his daughters, Sarah, wife of John 
Stevens. 81 A John Stevens was in possession in l69O, 8> 
but in 1695 Robert Gardiner and his wife Mary held 
it, 83 probably in her right, and conveyed it in 1 70 1 to 
George Mabank, 84 evidently as a marriage portion, for 
in 1790 George Mabank Gardiner sold it to John 
Crouze." 

The remains of a moated inclosure called the Site 
of Pollingfold Manor House are just outside Baynards 
Park, in Cranleigh parish. This house was presumably 
pulled down by Sir George More when he rebuilt 
Baynards close by. But there is some doubt whether 
it was really the old manor-house, for the court baron 
was recently held at Moated Farm, an old moated house 
now also pulled down, in Ewhurst parish. 86 If Bay- 
nards had taken the place of the old manor house the 
courts would have been held there. 

MATBANKES, in the south of the parish, was 
occupied in 1503 by William Edsalle, 87 and was 
granted with Somersbury Manor, Saltland, and Slehurst 
in Ewhurst to Thomas Salter in 1 5 1 1 . 88 About the 
same time Rumbemyr in Ewhurst was occupied by 
Richard Astret, and Marschall by Thomas Edsalle. 89 
Lands called Mascalls Pipers and Potfelds were sold 
by Robert Browning to Nicholas Dendy in the 1 6th 
century. 90 At the same time Moon Hall was held 
(of Coneyhurst Manor) by William Ticknor," and land 
.called Sprout or Prout was the subject of a dispute 



between Agnes Hill and her uncle, Richard Hill." 
Thomas Hill sold it in 1608 to Sir Francis Wolley. 93 
The church of ST. PETER AND 
CHURCH ST. PAUL consists of a chancel ztft. 9 in. 
by 1 5 ft. 9 in. ; a central tower 1 7ft. I oin. 
by 1 5 ft. 3 in. ; a north transept 2 1 ft. 5 in. by 
19 ft. 2 in. ; a south transept 23 ft. by 18 ft. 3 in. ; 
a nave 34 ft. 5 in. by 19 ft. 5 in. The whole struc- 
ture was almost completely rebuilt in 1838-9, for 
during the progress of some repairs the central tower 
collapsed and brought down much of the chancel in 
its fall. The nave would appear to have been less 
altered than the rest, and is of 1 2th-century date. 
Alterations were evidently made, however, late in the 
1 5th century, and a century or so later the nave at 
least was a good deal altered as regards its windows. 
But in view of the devastating repairs of 1838 the 
early history of the church must remain a matter of 
uncertainty, for they included a skin of plaster which 
hides all evidence possibly contained in the walling. 
The present church, however, is probably on the 
foundations of the old one. 

The windows of the chancel all date from 1838, 
that to the east being of three cinquefoiled lights and 
' perpendicular ' design. To north and south are 
plain rather wide single lancets. To the south is also 
a plain pointed door of the same date as the windows. 
Externally the chancel appears entirely modern, and 
the walls are of rubble plastered with sham joints 
representing masonry. 

The tower rests upon four two-centred arches, all 
of two continuous chamfered orders, heavily plastered 
and probably completely modern. Above these the 
tower rises in two stages. The second one, containing 
the ringing chamber, is quite plain. The belfry stage 
however, is of 12th-century design with round-headed 
shafted openings, pilaster buttresses, and a crowning 
corbel table with plain corbels and small round 
connecting arches ; above this is a tiled broach spire of 
a somewhat obtuse type. The whole of this part of 
the tower is completely modern, as are also the 
diagonal buttresses set in the angles of the chancel and 
transepts and the nave and transepts. The ringing 
chamber is reached by a wooden stair in one flight in 
the north transept. 

The north transept appears to have been wholly 
rebuilt in 1838. It is lit on the north by three 
wide grouped lancet lights with wide chamfered 
pilastered external jambs, and (over these) a trefoil 
light. To east and west are two single lancet lights, 
and on the west is also a small pointed door, all 
of which date from the rebuilding. The south 
transept is similar in every way, but lacks the door, 
and retains an old window of late I 5th-century date. 
This is of two rather wide trefoiled lights with sub- 
mullions over and a square main head. It has been 
a good deal disfigured in the resetting and restoration. 



70 Close, 7 Hen. IV, m. 29. 

I 1 Hist. MSS. Com. Rep. ix, App. i, 390. 

7* Cal. Inq. p.m. Hen. VII, i, 170. 

7* Evidently she married Henry Roberts 
as her second husband. 

7<Feet of F. Div. Co. Hil. 19 Hen. 
VII. 

"Chan. Inq. p.m. (Ser. ii), ccxlvii, 72. 

7 Close, ii Hen. VIII, pt. xxiii. 

77 Feet of F. Div. Co. Trin. 23 Eliz. 

78 Ibid. Surr. East. 30 Eliz. 
7Ibid. Hil. 37 Eliz. 



8 Com. Pleas D. Enr. Mich. 4. Jas. I, 
m. 7 ; Manning and Bray quote a court roll 
recording the death of John Leedes, seised 
of Pollingfold in 1560. He was succeeded 
by a son John, evidently father of Sir 
Thomas. 

81 Deeds quoted in Manning and Bray, 
op. tit. i, 502. 

M Feet of F. Surr. Trin. I Will, and 
Mary. 

Ibid. East, 7 Will. III. 

"Ibid. Trin. 13 Will. III. 

100 



85 Ibid. HiL 30 Geo. III. 

86 Information from Mr. Waller of 
Baynards. 

W Rentals and Surv. (P.R.O.), portf. 
xviii, no. 51. 

88 L. and P. Hen. VIII, i, 1916. 

89 Rentals and Surv. P.R.O. portf. xviii, 

Si- 
s'* 1 Chan. Inq. p.m. (Ser. 2), ccix, n8. 
91 Ibid, ccxl, 9. 

*> Chan. Proc. (Ser. 2), bdle. 97, no. 37. 
* Close, 5 Jas. I, pt. xxv. 







X 

o 

I 



U 



x 
W 




o 
o 
U 



BLACKHEATH HUNDRED 



EWHURST 



The nave is lit on the north by three windows, all 
of two rounded lights. The first and third are very 
rough and probably very late. The middle one is 
of better workmanship, has spandrel sinkages, and is 
of 16th-century date. It is placed higher in the 
wall than the others in what is apparently the round- 
headed internal reveal of a 12th-century window 
which has been partly cut away to allow for this. 
The heavy coats of plaster, both inside and out, 
however, make this a little uncertain. On the south 
is a window of late 15th-century date of two wide 
trefoiled lights with sub-mullions over and a segmental 
main head, and of the same character as the east 
window of the south transept. West of this is the 
south door. This is of izth-century date, though 
somewhat restored. It is of rather rough workman- 
ship, with a semicircular head of two non-concentric 
orders, the inner, which is square, being a little below 
the outer, which is rather awkwardly worked with a 
pair of rolls and a chamfer. The jambs hare 
circular shafts with plain cushion capitals and cone 
bases. The west window of the nave is of 15th- 
century date and has three cinquefoiled lights with 
sub-mullions over and a two-centred main head. 
Under the window is the west door, which is of the 
same date. It has a two-centred head and a con- 
tinuous hollow chamfer, and is of chalk, almost the only 
use in the church of this material. In the south 
jamb are the remains of a holy-water stoup. Covering 
this door is an open timber porch of late 15th-century 
date, with a scalloped barge-board and a rounded 
arch of entrance, but otherwise of the plainest design. 
The nave walls are of rubble, plastered and ruled 
with sham jointing to represent 1 2th-century masonry. 

The roofs of the chancel and the north transept 
are quite modern, and that of the north transept 
is partly modern, but also retains some moulded beams 
of late 16th-century date. The nave has its late 
16th-century roof complete. It is ceiled with a 
plaster barrel vault and has moulded tie-beams and 
wall plates and strutted king-posts. 

The font has been very much restored with roman 
cement, but the square bowl appears to be of izth- 
century date and is of very crude design. The flat 
faces are ornamented with saltire ornaments of clumsy 
rolls. The four supporting columns are modern. 

The pulpit is a fair example of early I yth-century 
work. It is octagonal with two stages of panelling in 
each face, the lower forming an arcade of enriched 
arches and the upper carved with arabesques in flat 
bands. The altar-table is of late I yth-century date 
with fluted legs, an inlaid top and a carved rail de- 
corated with cherub-heads. The altar-rails are a good 
example of early 1 8th-century church fitting. They 
are returned on the flanks to form three sides of a 
square with rounded and mitred corners. The hand- 
rail is broad and moulded and is carried on panelled 
posts and twisted balusters. In the chancel are a pair 



of handsome carved chairs of late I yth-century date, 
and, possibly, foreign workmanship. In the nave are 
four painted tablets of the commandments and texts. 
These are inclosed in handsomely carved frames of 
late i yth-century design. These and the altar rails 
were brought from Baynards in i8yg and were the 
gift of Mr. T. L. Thurlow. The font cover is from 
the same donor and is partly made up of some I yth- 
century consoles. 

At the north-west of the nave is a small vestry cut 
off from the rest of the nave by a screen in part made 
from the I yth-century clerk's desk. There are no 
monuments. 

In the east window of the chancel are three shields 
of arms. The first of these is the arms of Rev. Thomas 
Thurlow of Baynards Argent a cheveron between 
couplecloses sable with three portcullises argent on 
the cheveron, impaling Argent a lion in a double 
tressure counter-flowered azure, for Lyon. Above is 
the crest of Hovell A golden greyhound lying down 
with collar and line sable. The second shield is 
Onslow quartered with Harding of Knowle Argent 
a bend azure with three martlets or thereon. The 
third shield is : Or a fesse cheeky azure and argent 
and a bend engrailed gules all within a double tres- 
sure counter-flowered gules, for Stewart, with a scut- 
cheon of pretence Azure a bend between six scallops 
argent, for Freshfield. 

The tower contains a clock and six bells. The 
treble and second were cast by Mears of London in 
1839. The third is inscribed ' Sancte Petre Of' 
in black-letter smalls and capitals and bears the leopard's 
face, cross flory and coins of John Saunders. The 
fourth has the same marks and is inscribed ' Sancte 
Johannis Ora Pro Nobis.' The fifth and tenor were 
cast by William Eldridge in l6yi. 

The first book of the registers contains all entries 
from 1614 to iyig. The second contains all entries 
from iyzo, baptisms and burials running to 1803 and 
1810, and marriages to 1773. The latter, after iy54, 
are entered in manuscript, but in the form of the 
printed book. A third book, a printed one, continues 
the marriages to 1812, and a fourth book carries the 
baptisms and burials to 1812. 

The advowson belonged in 1206 
ADVQWSQN to Merton Priory. 95 At that date 
William Brews disputed the pre- 
sentation, but judgement was given for the priory. 
The latter retained the advowson until its dissolution. 96 
The living was not appropriated, but paid a pension to 
the priory. This pension was granted in 1541 to 
the Dean and Chapter of Canterbury," while the king 
retained the right of presentation. The advowson 
remained thencefoiwird with the Crown." 

Smith's Charity is distributed as in 
CHARITIES other Surrey parishes. A Mr. Wors- 
fold gave, at an unknown date, a rent- 
charge of 1 z/. SJ. for teaching poor children. 



85 Curia Regis R. 4.2, m. 17. 
98 Winton Epis. Reg. ; Egerton MS. 
1032, fol. 60 ; 2033, t'ol. 10, 91, &c. 



W L. and P. Hen. fill, xvi, 878 (59). 
* Irwt. Bk. (f.R.O.) A. 79 i B. 197 ; 
C. 3+7. 



101 



A HISTORY OF SURREY 



HASCOMBE 



Hascumbe (xiv cent.). 

Hascombe parish, about 12 miles south of Guild- 
ford, contains 1,587 acres. It is in two portions, 
one nearly three-quarters of a mile from north to 
south and half a mile from east to west ; the other 
half a mile each way, with tongues of the parishes of 
Bramley and Dunsfold separating them. Of these 
two portions the north-western is rather larger than 
the south-eastern. The whole is bounded by Godal- 
ming and Bramley on the north, by Godalming on 
the west, by Dunsfold and Alfold on the south, 
and by Bramley and Cranleigh on the east. The 
north-western portion is almost entirely on the Green- 
sand and Atherfield Clay, and contains Hascombe Hill, 
formerly, from a large beech tree, known as Hascombe 
High Beech, which is 624 ft. above the sea. A tele- 
graphic semaphore formerly stood here. The south- 
eastern portion is on the Wealden Clay. Hascombe 
village and church lie in a valley north of Hascombe 
Hill. The school was opened in 1867. 

Park Hatch, the seat of Mr. Joseph Godman, is on 
the southern slope of Hascombe Hill, in a deer park 
of about 200 acres. Hall Place, the seat of Mr. E. L. 
Rowcliffe, is in the south-eastern detached portion of 
the parish. The old disused Wey and Arun Canal 
skirts this part of the parish. In 1884 Lambert's 
Farm, which abuts on the village street, was transferred 
from Hambledon to Hascombe. 

There are no old houses or cottages of special 
architectural interest in the village, but many are to 
be found in the surrounding hamlets and lanes of a 
highly picturesque character. 

Mr. Ralph Nevill notes that ' Hoe Farm is a timber 
house, rudely framed with great curved struts, and has 
... a look as if it might be of unusual age. Such 
framing is often shown in manuscripts.' 

On Hascombe Hill, at the western end, is an ancient 
camp. It is roughly rectangular, following the slope 
of the hill, and from the curiously regular form of 
the ground it makes a sort of square of 200 yds. 
Water was procurable a little way down the hill. 
Lieut.-Colonel Godwin Austen has found sling stones 
on the hill, rounded flint pebbles, where no such 
should be geologically, and Mr. Godman found a 
good flint arrow-head lower down the southern slope. 
H4SCOMBE was held of the joint 
MANORS lords of Bramley. 1 Richard and John of 
Hascombe were tenants of Bramley in 
1241-2,' but Hascombe probably did not separate 
from Bramley till early in the next century. 3 In 
1306-7 Henry Hussey bought the reversion of the 



manor of Hascombe from Henry Sturmy, to whom 
it should have descended at the death of Joan wife 
of John of Wintershull, who had already obtained a 
release of other lands in Bramley and Hascombe. 4 
This Joan was probably the wife of Walter of 
Huntingfield, of whose grant the manor is said 
to have come to Henry Hussey in the inquisition 
of 1 349- 

In 1 307 Henry Hussey obtaineda grant of free warren 
in Danhurst and Hascombe. 5 In 1331 he was 
succeeded by his son Henry, afterwards Sir Henry 
Hussey, kt., 6 who died seised of Hascombe in 1 349, 
his heir being his grandson Henry, son of his son Mark, 
aged six years. 7 This Henry Hussey, or his cousin of 
the same name/' died seised in 1409, and was succeeded 
by his son Henry, 8 who held for life with remainder 
to his son Nicholas for life and reversion to Henry 
elder brother of Nicholas. 9 Henry was outlawed and 
forfeited his rights in 1454.' Nicholas was sheriff of 
Surrey and Sussex, victualler of Calais, and Lieutenant 
of Guisnes Castle under Henry VI. Edward IV 
seized Hascombe, alleging that Nicholas had refused 
to render account since the change of dynasty," but 
pardoned him in 1467." Nicholas Hussey left two 
daughters, Catherine wife of Reginald Bray, and Alice 
or Constance, wife of Henry Level. 13 Probably the 
co-heiresses sold Hascombe to the Coverts, for William 




3* &* - 

f f f f f 




HUSSET. Barry er- 
mine and gulei. 



COVIRT. Gales afesse 
ermine between three mart- 
lets or. 



Covert died seised of it in 1494." His son John, who 
died in 1 503, bequeathed his lands, failing his heirs male, 
to his cousin Richard Covert. 16 Giles Covert 1Sa was in 
possession of the manor in I547, 16 died in 1556, and 
was succeeded by his brother Richard. 17 The manor 
was then successively owned by Anthony, who died 
in 1631, John, and Anthony Covert." The last 
lived at Hascombe about i654, 19 and was succeeded 
by John Covert,* whose son Anthony sold the rever- 
sion to John Fawkes of Guildford. 11 His son John 



1 Chan. Inq. p.m. 23 Edw. Ill, pt. i, 
no. 77 ; ibid, to Hen. IV, 17 ; ibid. (Ser. 
2), cxiv, 42. 

a Assize R. 37, m. 21 d. 

8 Feet of F. Surr. I Edw. II, 1 1. 

* Ibid. 34 Edw. I, 3 and 12. 

6 Charter R. 35 Edw. I, m. 16. 

' Chan. Inq. p.m. 6 Edw. Ill ( ist not.), 
no. 66. 

7 Ibid. 23 Ed-w. Ill, pt. i, no. 77. 

" a Compare manor of Freefolk (f.C.H. 
Hants, iv), and tee De Banco R. Mil. 2 



Hen. VII, m. 430 ; Mich. 3 Hen. VII, 
m. 154. 

8 Chan. Inq. p.m. 10 Hen. IV, no. 17. 

Add. Chart. 18726. 

10 Ech. Inq. p.m. (Ser. i), 32-3 Hen. 
VI, file 1801, no. 2. He had previously 
conveyed the manor to Richard Bitterley 
and John Hole. Anct. D., B 4199. 

11 Enr. Accti. (Foreign), 5 Edw. IV, 
no. 99 P. 

la Ca/. Pat. 1467-77, p. 20. 

" Winton Epi. Reg. Fox, i, foL 30. 

102 



14 Chan. Inq. p.m. (Ser. 2), , 38. 

15 Ibid, xxiii, 263. 

JSa Son of Giles, nephew of John, HarL 
Soc. Publ. xliii, 39. 

16 Mi8C.Bks.(Ld.Rev.),vol.i90,fol. 143. 

17 Chan. Inq. p.m. (Ser. 2), cxiv, 42. 

18 Feet of F. (Sum), Hil. 31 Eliz. \ 
HiL I4ja. I ; Hil. 1654. 

M Add. MS. 6167, foU 252. 
*> Feet of F. Surr. Mich. 34 Chas. II. 
81 Aubrey, Nat. Hist, and Antij. of Surr* 
iv, 93. 



BLACKHEATH HUNDRED 



HASCOMBE 



sold the manor In 1723 to Leonora Frederick and 
her son John Frederick who was created baronet in 





FRIDIRICK, Baronet 
Or a chief azure <with 
three doves argent therein. 



THBTLIWAIT*. Or 
a bend azure "with three 
fheons or therein. 




GODMAN of Park 
Hatch. Party ermine 
and erminees a chief in~ 
dented or and therein a 
lion paaant vert. 



the same year." Early in the 1 9th century Hascombe 
became the property of Robert Thistlewaite through 
marriage with Selina Frede- 
rick, 83 daughter of Sir John's 
younger son Thomas, who 
succeeded his brother in the 
baronetcy. Sir Henry Ed- 
mund Austen of Shalford 
bought it of their son and sold 
it in 1841 to Joseph Godman 
of Park Hatch, grandfather 
of the present lord of the 
manor. 

The old manor-house was 
at Place Farm, south-east of 
the church and north of Has- 
combe Hill. 

The church (not mentioned in Domes- 
CHURCH day) of ST. PETER" is situated in 
the midst of lovely wooded scenery in 
the fork between two roads near a cluster of houses. 
The churchyard is planted with fine trees and 
shrubs, and is approached through a modern lych- 
gate. 

The church was entirely rebuilt in 1 3th-century 
style in 1864 from designs by Mr. H. Woodyer, in 
Bargate stone, with Bath stone dressings. It is small, 
but very thoroughly finished in every detail, and con- 
sists of a nave, a small western tower, with shingled 
spire, a chancel with a polygonal apse,a south chapel and 
a south porch. Almost the only relic of the old church 
is the I Jth-century chancel screen, which has, however, 
been elaborately decorated in colour. The narrow 
lancet windows are filled with glass by Hardman, and 
on the walls of the apse are carved the angels of the 
seven churches, each holding a stone candlestick. 
There are an alabaster reredos and sedilia, a credence- 
table, and a squint from the south chapel, which con- 
tains the squire's pew and is screened off from the 
nave. The stone pulpit has a carved figure of 
St. Peter. The font of Sussex marble has a small 
square bowl on a square-banded pedestal and plinth, 
and bears the inscription on its western face, ' The gift 
of Richard Holland, rector, j69<D.' It somewhat 
resembles in form two Sussex fonts not far away, at 
Lurgashall and North Chapel, also of Sussex marble, 
and bearing date 1661. In 1890 the nave was 



decorated in colour, the subject being the Miraculous 
Draught of Fishes. 

The old church must have been a curious and 
singularly attractive little building, judging by the 
drawing preserved in Cracklow's Churches of Surrey 
(1824). The late Mr. J. L. Andre has also left a 
careful sketch of the church taken from the south- 
east, Cracklow's view being from the north-west, 
accompanied by a small block plan to scale, from 
which its dimensions can be approximately re- 
covered. 

It was built of Bargate rubble, and the walls were 
plastered externally. It consisted of nave, about 40 ft. 
by 20 ft. internally, and short chancel with a semi- 
circular apse about 1 5 ft. in length and 1 7 ft. in 
width. On the north of the nave, somewhat un- 
usually, was the principal entrance, protected by a 
timber-framed porch with arched opening and foliated 
barge-board of 14th-century character. A little to 
the west of the middle of the nave roof (which was 
covered with Horsham slabs) rose a timber bell-turret 
with shingled spirelet, containing two bells (re-cast 
at the re-building), this turret being described by 
Cracklow as 'a loft of timber,' viewed from within 
the nave. At the west end there was a gallery erected 
in 1784. The south door was a plain round-headed 
opening of mid lath-century date, and two very 
perfect little windows of the same date remained, one 
in either wall, in the eastern part of the nave. (In 
Mr. Andre's sketch the stove pipe is seen projecting 
through that on the south.) In the apse were two 
lancets of early 13th-century character, while to the 
west of that on the south side was a two-light tracery 
window of the first half of the 1 4th century, and 
another of similar date and style in the eastern part 
of the nave hard by. A plain opening filled with a 
wooden frame had been pierced in the west wall 
about 1 800, and another in the western part of the 
south wall, high up, to light the gallery. 

The earliest monuments are to Richard Holland, 
rector, and to his wife, who died respectively in 1 694 
and 1664. The ancient family of Didelsfold is re- 
presented by later memorials. 

All the church plate is of igth-century date, one 
chalice being engraved with seven kneeling angels and 
the Agnus Dei, the River of Life, the Holy City, the 
twelve angels and the names of the tribes of Israel 
and of the twelve Apostles of the Lamb, &c. No 
less than 300 precious stones (including those men- 
tioned in the Apocalypse) have been employed in the 
jewelling of this remarkable cup, which was the work 
of Mr. J. A. Pippet, of the firm of Messrs. J. Hard- 
man & Co., Birmingham, who also executed the 
wall-paintings in the church. Underneath the foot 
is ' Vernon Musgrave Rector of Hascombe A.D. 
1889.' 

The bells are all modern. 

The registers of baptisms date from 1 646, of mar- 
riages from 1658, of burials from 1659. 

No church is mentioned in the 
ADV Off SON Taxatio of 1291, but Henry Hussey 
died seised of the advowson in 
1305." It belonged to the successive lords of Has- 
combe till early in the igth century, when Algernon 



M Feet of F. SUIT. Mil. 9 Geo. I j 
Recov. R. East. 9 Geo. I, m. 13, 16. 

28 Brayley, Hilt. ofSurr. v, llj ; Recov. 
R. East, i Geo. IV, m. 6. 



* Commonly so called. Salmon, An- 
tiquities of Surr. (ed. 1735), called it 
St. John's. In 1535 Arnold Mellersh 
desired by will to be buried before the 



high altar in the church of St. Michael, 
Hascombe. 

Harl. MS. 5193, fol. 26. 



A HISTORY OF SURREY 



Wellington appears to have purchased it. 16 In 1835 
Alan Mackenzie presented to the church." In 1841 
the advowson was the property of Mrs. T. C. 
Stone,' 8 and in 1906 of the trustees of Mr. E. 
Thompson. 



Dr. Conyers Middleton, author of The History of 
the Life of Cicero, was presented to the living in 
March 17^6-7,'* but did not apparently reside. 

CHARITY. Smith's Charity is distributed in. 
money and clothing. 



ST. MARTHA'S OR CHILWORTH 



St. Martha's (1291) ;' St. Martha and All Holy 
Martyrs, and Martyr's Hill (1464) ; Martha Hill 
(1468) ; Marters Hill (1538); St. Martha on the 
Hill (i 589). 

St. Martha's is a small parish, now ecclesiastically 
merged in Albury, 2 miles south-east of Guildford, 
bounded on the north by Stoke and Merrow, on the 
west by Shalford, on the south by Wonersh, on the 
east by Albury. It con tains 1, 060 acres. Its greatest 
length north to south is under 2 miles, its greatest 
breadth on the northern border is under a mile and 
a half. The soil is chalk in the north, on the downs, 
but most of it is on the Greensand, which rises in 
St. Martha's Hill to 570 ft. above the sea. The hill, 
crowned by what is now called the chapel of St. 
Martha, is abrupt and isolated, forming a more 
conspicuous object than the height, which is surpassed 
by the hills to the south of it, would indicate. It is 
higher than the chalk down to the north of it, and 
the views from it south-west towards Hindhead, and 
eastward along the valley to Albury and Shere, are 
among the most picturesque in the county. 

The valley to the south of the hill, through which 
the Tillingbourne flows, has for long been the seat of 
industries dependent upon the good water-power 
supplied by the stream. There was a mill in Domes- 
day, a corn-mill and a fulling-mill in 1589,' and from 
before that date gunpowder mills, which still continue.* 
There was a paper-mill which was burnt down in 
1 896 and has never been rebuilt. Cobbett, in his 
Rural Rides, has a remark, often quoted, upon the 
extreme beauty of this valley as God made it, and its 
pollution by the two worst inventions of the Devil, 
gunpowder and bank-notes being manufactured in it. 

Postford Mill is on the boundary of this parish 
and of Albury. The road from Guildford to Dorking 
and the Reading branch of the South Eastern Railway 
traverse the southern end of the parish ; Chilworth 
and Albury station, opened 1 849, is just inside it. 

An ancient bridle way from the ferry over the 
Wey at St. Catherine's Hill, through the Chantry 
Woods, and over St. Martha's Hill, close by the 
church, and so down to Albury, has been generally 
identified with the Pilgrims' Way. The line, 
straight over the top of a steep isolated hill which 
might have been easily turned upon either side, does 
eeem to indicate some ancient route to some object of 
interest upon the hill. If to the church, the Holy 
Martyr, St. Thomas of Canterbury, one of the 
patrons of Newark Priory, to which the church was 
appropriated, whose shrine at Canterbury travellers 
here might be seeking, may have superseded St. 



Martha in popular language as the patron of the 
hill. 

Neolithic flint implements and flakes are of more 
than usually abundant occurrence on this road, on 
the hill and in the fields to the north of it. On the 
hill, near the top and towards the southern side, were 
several curious earth-circles about 28 to 30 yds. in 
diameter marked by a slight mound and ditch. The 
best was destroyed a few years ago by the Hambledon 
District Council, who made a reservoir on the hill to 
which water is pumped to supply houses on Blackheath. 
The persons responsible for the work made no effort to 
observe or record any discoveries. The next best marked 
lies nearly due south of the church. To the south-west is 
another, fairly well marked, but much overgrown by 
heather, ferns, and fir trees. The fourth, nearly ob- 
literated, is south-east of the church. South-west of the 
church marks in the ground visible in a dry season 
may indicate nearly obliterated hut-circles. Small flint 
implements are to be found in them scratched out by 
rabbits. At the western foot of the hill, near the road 
opposite Tyting, is a large barrow with trees upon it, 
which has, apparently, never been disturbed. On the 
north side of St. Martha's Hill lies the old farm-house 
of Tyting, which from the period of the Domesday 
Survey belonged to the Bishops of Exeter. It stands 
in a quaint old-world herb-garden, and still retains a 
small oratory with a group of three lancets in chalk, 
probably of early 13th-century date. 

Chilworth is an erroneous name for the parish. It 
is an ancient manor, and the few houses usually called 
Chilworth are partly in St. Martha's and partly in 
Shalford parishes. Of modern houses Lockner Holt 
and Brantyngeshay in the part of the parish which 
reaches Blackheath to the south are the residences of 
Mrs. Sellar and Mr. H. W. Prescott, respectively. 
The elementary school was opened in 1873. There 
are one or two old houses in the hamlet of Chilworth. 
Some of these are probably due to the settlement here 
in Elizabeth's reign of workmen employed under Sir 
Polycarp Wharton in the manufacture of gunpowder. 
There are two reputed manors in St. 
MANORS Martha Chilworth, to the south, and 
Tyting, to the north, of St. Martha's Hill. 

CHllWORTH (Celeorde, xi cent. ; Chele worth, xiii 
and xiv cents.) was held by Alwin under Edward the 
Confessor, and after the Conquest came with Bramley, 
in which it lay, into the hands of Odo, Bishop of 
Bayeux.* It was afterwards held of the lords of 
Bramley by the tenants of Utworth Manor 5 (q.v.), with 
which it descended till 1614, at which date Sir John 
Morgan, who was knighted at Cadiz in 1596," sold 



Inst. Bki. (P.R.O.). 

Ibid. 

Brayley, Hist. ofSurr. v, 127. 

a9 Diet. Nat. Biog, xxrvii, 34.6. 

1 ' Taxatio Ealtiiatiea,' Cott. MS. Ti- 



berius C. x. which is nearly contemporary 
with 1291. 

1 Settlement on the marriage of John 
Morgan of Chilworth. 

8 Y.C.H. Surr. ii, 301. 

IO4 



4 Ibid, i, 301. 

& It is first recorded as being in their 
possession in 1240-1 ; Feet of F. Surr. 
25 Hen. Ill, 7. 

6 S.P. Dom. Eliz. cclir, 84. 



BLACKHEATH HUNDRED 



ST. MARTHA'S 




SPENCER, Earl Spen- 
cer. Argent quartered 
with gules fretty or over 
all a bend sable ivith three 
scallops argent thereon. 



Utworth but retained Chilworth. 7 Sir John's 
daughter Anne married Sir Edward Randyll, 8 whose 
son Sir Morgan Randyll, kt., was seised of the manor 
in 16401, when he was proved insane. 9 His 
brother, Vincent Randyll, succeeded him. 10 His son 
Morgan Randyll, who was for some years member of 
Parliament for Guildford, sold the manor in 1720 to 
Richard Houlditch, a director of the South Sea 
Company." After the company's failure the direc- 
tors' lands were sold to indem- 
nify its victims. The estates 
of Richard Houlditch were 
purchased by Sarah, Dowager 
Duchess of Marlborough, who 
bequeathed them to her grand- 
son John, Earl Spencer, 11 who 
was succeeded in 1746 by his 
son John, afterwards Viscount 
Althorp." His son sold the 
manor in 1796 to Edmund 
Hill," from whom it passed 
to William Tinkler, whose son 
William owned it in 1841." 
It was sold in 1 845, together 
with Weston in Albnry, to 
Mr. Henry Drummond, and is now in the possession 
of the Duke of Northumberland. 16 

On the south side of St. Martha's Hill stands the 
manor-house of Chilworth, which has an ornamental 
brick gable and porch. On the site of this was a cell 
belonging to the priory of Newark, and St. Martha's 
was probably always served by a canon resident 
here. Their large walled and terraced gardens and 
stewponds for fish still remain. 

TTTING (Tetinges, xi cent ; Tiling, xiii cent.) was 
held by Elmer the Huntsman before the Conquest, and 
afterwards became a possession 
of Bishop Osbern of Exeter, 
who had been chaplain to 
Edward the Confessor. 17 It 
was held by the successive 
Bishops of Exeter till 1548. 
In 1234-5 John l fi Chanu 
and his wife Katherine quit- 
claimed to William Bishop of 
Exeter Katherine's rights in 
a carucate of land in Tyt- 
ing. 18 From time to time this 
manor was assessed among the 
Bishop's temporalities." In 
August 1549 John Veysey, 

then Bishop of Exeter, sold the freehold to Thomas 
Fisher. 10 He shortly afterwards conveyed it to 
Henry Polsted," whose son Richard, together with 




SEK OF EXETER. Gules 
St. Pouts sword erect sur- 
mounted by St, Peter* s keys 
crossed saltirttvisc. 



William Morgan, was in possession in 1571." He 
married Elizabeth, daughter of Sir William More of 
Loseley, and had from him an assignment of a ninety- 
nine years' lease which Sir William and Henry Weston 
are said to have acquired in February 1566-7." 
Richard Polsted died in 1576," and in the next year 
Francis Polsted alienated Tyting to Sir William 
More, probably as trustee for Elizabeth (Polsted), 15 but 
William Morgan's interest still continued, for in 1602 
he died seised of lands and tenements called 'Tiling.' K 

Early in the same century bolh Sir George More, 
son of Sir William More, and Ann Randyll, grand- 
daughler of William Morgan, joined wilh George 
Duncombe in a conveyance of ihe manor to John 
Astrete or Street," who is said to have been holding 
the estate in l6o2. 18 He was succeeded by his son 
John. 19 John Street and George Duncombe conveyed 
to Francis Williamson in 1637. He sold to Vincent 
Rundyn, and ihe latter to George Duncombe of 
Albury, who by his will of 1672 left in il Irust for his 
family, Richard Symmes being one of the truslees. 30 
Manning and Bray say that it was conveyed in 1710 
to Abraham Woods, from ihe trustees of whose son 
William it came to Philip Carteret Webb, in 1747. 
From Mr. Webb il descended to his son, John Smith 
Webb," who sold it to Robert Austen of Shalford, 31 
in whose family it still remains. 

ST. MARTHA'S Chapel, 3 ' a well- 
CHURCH known landmark for all the country side, 
stands upon the summit of a ridge of 
Greensand, about 5 70 ft. above the sea. Although called 
a chapel, it seems always to have possessed the rights of 
a parish church ; and it is probably lo be identified 
with one of the ihree churches mentioned in Domes- 
day as standing on the manor of Bramley, then held 
by Bishop Odo of Bayeux, who may well have built 
the original of the present building. The site itself 
is an extremely ancient one, and several circular earth- 
works still remain on St. Martha's Hill. 

The building as we now see it is largely of modern 
date, an object-lesson of the mischievous results of 
fanciful restoration, the nave, which had long lain in 
ruins, being rebuilt in a pseudo-' Norman ' style, and 
the chancel and iransepl largely reconstructed in 
1848. The chancel and transepts had remained 
intacl unlil about 1846, although the nave was a 
roofless ruin, and only fragments of the large west 
tower existed ; but in thai year part of the roof fell 
in and services wera suspended. The then Lord 
Loraine co-operated with two other neighbouring 
county gentlemen, Mr. H. Currie, of Wesl Horsley, 
and Mr. R. A. C. Godwin Austen, of Shalford, to 
rebuild the ruined nave and restore the eastern limb, 
the last fragmenis of the western tower being at the 



" Feet of F. Surr. Hil. n Jas. I. 

8 Chan. Inq. p.m. (Ser. 2), ccccxxxvii, 

7- 

9 Ibid, ccccxcii, 15. 

10 Feet of F. Surr. Hil. 1649. 
Ibid. Mich. 7 Geo. I. 

u True Copy of the Last Will and 
Testament of Sarah, late Duchess Dowager 
of Marlborougb (ed. 1 744), 2 et eq. 

u Collins, Peerage (ed. 1779), i, 340. 

14 Manning and Bray, op. cit. ii, IX 8. 

" Bray ley, Topog, Hist, of Surr. v, 131. 

18 See account of Albury. 

W V.C.It. Surr. i, 300.7. In the 
Domesday Survey Tyting is accounted 
for in Woking Hundred. In Speed's 



map of Surrey, 1676, Tyting is just 
within the boundary of Woking Hun- 
dred. 

18 Feet of F. Surr. 19 Hen. Ill, 19. 

19 Pope Nich. Tax. (Rec. Com.), 207 ; 
Esch. Inq. (Ser. i), file 1760, no. I. 

Pat. 3 Edw. VI, pt, vi, m. 16 et 
seq. 

81 Feet of F. Surr. East 5 Edw. VI. 

M Loseley MS. x, 59. 

93 Manning and Bray, op. cit. ii, 119. 
The lease had been granted by Veysey to 
Sir Edmund Walsingham in 2 Edw. VI 
(1548). Elizabeth Polsted paid money 
to Henry Weston shortly after 1576 
(Loseley MS. iz, 36). 

105 



Loseley MS. x, 59. 

* Feet of F. SUIT. Mich. 19 & 20 Eliz. 
x Chan. Inq. p.m. (Ser. 2), cclxxxi, 85. 

* Feet of F. Surr. East. 6 Jas. I ; Hil. 
19 Jas. L 

98 Manning and Bray, op. cit. ii, 119. 

99 W. and L. Inq. p.m. xxxix, 94. 

80 Manning and Bray, op. cit. ii, 119, 
from Symmes Add. MS. 6167. From 
Symmes' position as trustee the account is 
probably correct. 

81 Recov. R. Trin. 25 Geo. III. 

89 Manning and Bray, op. cit. ii, 119. 

88 ' Saynt Marter ' is the title given in 
the inventory of church goods taken in 
the reign of Edward VI. 



A HISTORY OF SURREY 



same time removed This tower, which seems to 
have been very massive and large, is shown in ruins 
in the engraving published in Grose's Antiquities, from 
a sketch taken in 1763," it having been thrown down 
by a severe explosion at the Chilworth gunpowder 
factories in that year. This view shows part of the 
vault (apparently a plain quadripartite one without 
ribs) as then existing, and beneath is a circular square- 
edged arch opening into the nave. The simple character 
of this arch, which was devoid of ornament except 
for a chamfered impost at the springing, suggests that 
it may have been part of Bishop Odo's work of the 
last decades of the 1 1 th century ; and a small round- 
headed window in the south wall of the nave, shown 
in Cracklow's view of 1824, coincides very well with 
this date. There seems to have been a plain early 
doorway in the north and south walls, features that 
together with the windows have been reproduced in 
some sort in the new work. The nave, built on the 
old foundations, measures 45 ft. in length by 1 5 ft. I in. 
at the west, and 1 6 ft. at the east ; the central cross- 
ing, 1 2 ft. 6 in. by 1 3 ft. 6 in. wide ; the north 
transept, 1 1 ft. 8 in. by 1 2 ft., and the south transept, 
1 2 ft. 8 in. by 1 2 ft. ; while the chancel is 2 3 ft. 




PLAN OF ST. MARTHA'S OR CHILWORTH CHURCH 



long by 1 6 ft. 8 in. The thickness of the present west 
wall (3 ft. 6 in .) represents that of the walls of the de- 
stroyed western tower. The transept and crossing 
walls are 2 ft. 3 in. on an average. 

The authority for the present central tower is 
very questionable, and in any case its ' Norman ' style 
is out of keeping with the plain early pointed arches 
on which it stands, parts of which are original work 
of circa 1 1 90. 

Probably the first chancel was apsidal, and this 
square space represented the quire. 

There is no window in the west wall of the north 
transept or the north wall of the chancel, and all the 
other windows are restorations. It is on record that 
foundations were discovered in the ground to the 
east of the transepts, probably those of chapels, perhaps 
apsidal. Three aumbries were found in the chancel, and 
two stone coffin-lids, with floriated crosses, much worn, 



were dug up, and now lie on the floor of the chancel. 
Two buttresses against the south wall of the chancel 
are probably not mediaeval, but a sort of buttress 
projection in the angle between that wall and the 
east wall of the south transept was possibly made to 
allow of a squint being pierced from the transept to 
command the high altar. 

There is reason to believe that the barrel-shaped 
font, of sandstone, is the one described by Manning 
and Bray as at Elstead Church, whence it had dis- 
appeared before 1845. The St. Martha's font was 
brought ' from another church,' where it had been 
thrown out into the churchyard in 1 849, and the 
carving added on the spot. The original was early 
Norman, like that at Thursley. 35 

The silver cup and paten bear the London hall- 
marks of 1780. 

The bells are all modern. 

An iron church in Chilworth hamlet was built in 
1896 and is served from Shalford. 

St. Martha's was probably one of 
ADVQW&QN the three churches appurtenant to 
Bramley in 1 08 7, 3Sa and the advowson 
alienated by the lord of Bramley, at the time when 
Chilworth was granted out to 
the lords of Utworth, for Elias 
of Utworth " owned late in the 
1 2th century, and granted it to 
the Priory of St. Thomas the 
Martyr at Aldebury." The 
priory retained the advowson 
until its surrender in 1538.** 
In the episcopal registers of 
1463 record is kept of an in- 
dulgence granted to pilgrims to, 
or benefactors of, the church of 
St. Martha and All Holy Mar- 
tyrs. 39 After the surrender of 
the priory the advowson seems 
to have become the property of 
the lords of Chilworth Manor, 
with which it has since de- 
scended. 

The church in 1291 is called ecclesia not capella, 
and the canons of Newark were endowed with all 
the usual parochial revenues in 1 262.' They pre- 
sented a vicar previous to 1330," and as late as 
1412." Latterly it was a donative, probably from 
the time of the Dissolution, and an annuity was 
paid to a curate by the patron. The duty was 
usually done by the incumbent of some neighbour- 
ing parish or his curate. The registers are in 
consequence imperfect, entries being in existence 
in Wonersh, Albury, and elsewhere referring to 
St. Martha's ; but there is a register with some 
entries of baptisms and burials from 1779, an< ^ ^ 
marriages from 1794. Since 1849 it has been 
attached to Albury, and the rector of Albury, the 
Rev. H. E. Crossley, was instituted by the Bishop 
of Winchester as rector of Albury and vicar of St. 
Martha's in 1904. 



81 In an engraving by Hill, probably 
made between 1740 and 1750, published 
in the Eccl. Topog. of Surr., all four walls 
of the tower are shown as standing. Rus- 
sel, Hist, of Guildford, mentions that there 
were three bells in the tower, and that most 
of the materials were carried off by Lord 
Spencer's steward 'to mend the roads.' 



85 Information of the late Rev. J. R. 
Charlsworth and of the late Mr. H. 
Woodyer. 

*> r.C.H. Surr. i, 3014. 

86 See under Utworth. 

" i.e. the priory of Newark j Maitland, 
B radon's Nott Bk. 928, 

1 06 



88 See V.C.H. Surr. ii, 104. 

89 Bishop Waynflete's Register, quoted 
by Manning and Bray, op. cit. ii, 119. 

40 Winton Epis. Reg. Waynflete i (2), 
fol. 83. 

41 Ibid. Stratford, fol. I2O. 

4a Ibid. Beaufort Inst. fol. 923. 




VIEW SHOWINR ST. MARTHA'S HILL 




ST. MARTHA'S CHAPEL FROM THE SOUTH-WEST 



BLACKHEATH HUNDRED 



SHALFORD 



SHALFORD 



Scaldefor (xi cent.) ; Scaudeford (xiii cent.) ; 
Shaldeford (xiv cent.) ; Shalforde (xvi cent). 

The parish of Shalford lies south-east of Guildford. 
It is intersected by the River Wey from south to 
north, and the Tillingbourne running east and west 
joins the Wey close to the village. It is bounded on 
the north by St. Mary's and Holy Trinity parishes, 
Guildford, and by Stoke ; on the east by Chilworth ; 
on the south-east by Wonersh ; on the south by Bram- 
ley ; on the south-west by Godalming ; on the west 
by St. Nicholas Guildford. The parish contains 
about 2,560 acres. It is 6 miles long from north to 
south, 2 miles broad, generally, with a narrow tongue 
running out further to the west. 

The soil is chiefly the Lower Greensand, with an 
outcrop of Gault, and also of Wealden Clay at Shal- 
ford Park. But like all the parishes on the southern 
side of the chalk range the northern boundary ex- 
tends on to the chalk down, where a suburb of 
Guildford, called Warwick's Bench, is in Shalford 
parish, not included in Guildford Borough. 

Shalford Common is a stretch of open grass ex- 
tending from near Tangley Manor in Wonersh to the 
Wey. Trunley Common and Gosden Common are 
almost touching it to the south-west of the parish, 
and part of Peasemarsh Common is in Shalford to 
the west. From near Shalford village towards 
St. Martha's Hill, the Chantry Woods, so named 
from part of them having formed the endowment of 
the Norbrigge Chantry in Trinity Church, Guildford, 
are a wooded ridge on the highest part of the Green- 
sand. Half the parish is open common or wood. 

The old Common Fields, finally inclosed in 1803, 
lay between Shalford village and Guildford, on the 
east side of the road. On the west side is Shalford 
Park. This road intersects the parish, and divides on 
Shalford Common, leading south to Horsham, east to 
Dorking. 

The parish is also intersected by the Red Hill and 
Reading Branch of the South Eastern Railway. Shal- 
ford Station was opened in 1849. The London 
Brighton and South Coast and London and South 
Western Railways intersect the parish, but there are no 
stations upon them. The canal, made in 1813, con- 
necting the Wey and the Arun, left the former river 
in Shalford parish. It became unnavigable about 1870, 
and is now quite abandoned. 

There is a brewery at Broadford on the Wey. At 
Summersbury there is a tannery, which has been estab- 
lished over a century. 1 Cloth-making was carried on 
at Shalford in the 1 7th century.' There are chalk 
pits and lime kilns on the slope of the downs, in the 
northern part of the parish. 

In 1086 there were three mills at Shalford.* One 
water-mill only is mentioned in an extent of East 
Shalford in 1332.' When the manor was divided 
the lords of each moiety had half the mill. In 1547 
Christopher More of Loseley held the mill, which 
had recently belonged to Robert Wintershull. 6 This 



is Pratt's mill now existing on the Tillingbourne. 
The other two mills seem to have been upon the 
River Wey, near Unstead, and near the weir above 
St. Catherine's lock 6 respectively, being referred to in 
a lawsuit in 1379 between the inhabitants of Shalford 
and Robert de Chisenhale, &c. r 

A cottage near the old way from St. Catherine's 
Ferry to St. Martha's Hill, isolated from the village 
by the old Common Fields, is traditionally called the 
Pest House. It is usually known now as Cyder House 
Cottage. In the last house of the parish on the left- 
hand side of Quarry Hill on the road into Guildford, 
John Bunyan is said to have held a meeting. 

Neolithic implements and a few Roman coins have 
been found near East Shalford Manor House, 8 and 
palaeolithic implements have been found between the 
Chantry Woods and the chalk down. 

Opposite the church is an old house called Dib- 
nersh, the residence of the Misses Morris. It 
formerly belonged to the Buncombe family (see Al- 
bury and Ockley), and was sold to Mr. Robert 
Austen in 1755. 

Bradstone Brook is the seat of Mr. J. H. Renton j 
it was built in 1791 by Mr. Thomas Gibson. 
Gosden House, the property of Mr. F. E. Eastwood, 
is the residence of Mr. S. Christopherson. A con- 
siderable number of small gentlemen's houses have 
been built in the parish, and a large residential suburb 
of Guildford is springing up about Pewley Hill in 
Shalford. 

There is a Wesleyan chapel on Shalford Common, 
originally established in 1843. A new building was 
erected in 1895. Near the eastern border of the 
parish is a small iron church where services are held, 
and another on the borders of Peasemarsh. 

The cemetery was opened in 1886. The Village 
Hall, presented by Mr. Edward Ellis of Summers- 
bury in 1886, is near the station. It contains a 
refreshment room, meeting room, and reading room. 

The school was built as a Church of England 
school in 1855. In 1 88 1 it was transferred to a 
school board, and the buildings were enlarged in 
1882. 

Shalford is one of the prettiest and most charm- 
ingly situated villages in Surrey, lying as it does in. 
the midst of water meadows, with tall poplars and 
other fine trees, between the River Wey and its tribu- 
tary the Tillingbourne. The village consists of a 
winding street of picturesque old cottages, with a few 
others straggling up side lanes and down to the water. 
The Seahorse Inn is a pleasant old-world hostelry 
with square-leaded panes to the windows. Many of 
the cottages appear to have been smartened up as to 
their fronts in the beginning of the 1 9th century, 
but the backs and interiors show them to be really 
old. A short lane leads down to the little water- 
mill, tile-hung almost to the ground, and having a 
large projecting upper story carried on wooden pillars. 

It is probable that its proximity to Guild- 



1 y.C.H. Surr. 
1 Ibid, ii, 344. 
'Ibid, i, 3194. 



, 34>. 



4 Chan. Inq. p.m. 6 Edw. Ill (znd no*.) 
no. 84. 

*Mic. Bki. (Erch. L.T.R.), vol. 168, 
p. 72. 

107 



'Estate map 1617 ftnet Col. Godwin* 
Austen. 

' Manning and Bray, op. cit. ii, 99. 
y.C.H. Surr. i, 253. 



A HISTORY OF SURREY 



ford made Shalford a favourite country retreat, and 
that this accounts for there being several houses of 
some pretension. Among others, near to the mill, is 
one which as it does not face the road is easily over- 
looked. It has a gable of stone with very ornamental 
brick dressings, and this and the other gables, which 
are curved and pedimental, bear a close resemblance 
to the early examples of brickwork in Godalming, 
Guildford, Farnham, &c., and both inside and out it 
has many points in common with the old manor- 
house of Slyfield, in Great Bookham parish. 

This house, called Old House, but formerly Mill 
House, has some good mullioned windows with lead 
glazing, in square and diamond panes, and a good 
door-head. It is panelled in nearly all the rooms, and 
there is a particularly fine 1 staircase, very like that at 
Slyfield, with rusticated newels, and instead of balus- 
ters pierced arabesque scroll-work cut out of the solid. 

As a relic of the past, the stocks and whipping-post, 
shaded by the yew tree under the churchyard wall, 
are of interest. 

The manor of SHALFORD or EAST 
MANORS SHALFORD 9 was held jointly by two 
brothers in the time of Edward the 
Confessor. 10 In 1087 it was held by Robert (possibly 
de Wateville) of Richard de 
Tonbridge." The latter was 
the ancestor of the de Clares, 
and the manor continued to 
be held of the honour of 
Clare." It is probable that 
the de Watevilles were the 
under-tenants until the reign 
of Henry II, when Robert de 
Wateville is said to have sold 
the manor to Robert de Dun- 
stanville. 13 Walter de Dun- 
stanville gave the manor with 
his sister Alice in marriage, but repossessed himself 
of it, whereupon Gilbert Bassett, son of Alice, ob- 
tained a confirmation of his rights from King John." 
Richard de Camvill and his wife Eustacea (daughter 
and heiress of Gilbert Bassett) are said to have had 
the custody of Shalford during the minority of the 
heir of Walter de Dunstanville." Richard's daughter 
Idonea married William Longesp6e son of the Earl of 
Salisbury," and with him seems to have retained the 
manor " in spite of continued suits by a certain 
Sibyl. 18 Finally, William Longesp6e granted the manor 
to John son of Geoffrey, Earl of Essex." His son 
John died seised of it, leaving a brother and heir 
Richard," whose widow Emma, afterwards wife of 




CLARE. Or three ehe- 
uerons gules. 



Robert de Montalt, 11 held it in dower." She conveyed 
her right in it to Hugh le Despenser the younger, to 
whom Idonea Crumbwell, one of the heirs of Isabel 





LoNGEspf K. Azure six 
lioncels or. 



DESPCNS&R. Argent 
quartered 'with gules 
fretty or with a bend 
sable over all. 



sister and co-heir of Richard son of John,** also released 
her claim in that moiety of the manor which should 
have descended to her at the death of Emma de 
Montalt," this conveyance being forced on her 
against her will.* 4 Robert, Lord Clifford, the other co- 
heir of Isabel,* 6 made no quitclaim to the Despensers. 
Therefore when, at the forfeiture of the latter's estates, 
Shalford was taken into the king's hands," this 
moiety remained with Robert Clifford and became 
the manor of Shalford Clifford.' 8 

SHALFORD CLIFFORD was settled by Robert, 
Lord Clifford, on his youngest son Thomas for life.' 9 
In 1373 Sir Roger Clifford, kt., second son, but ulti- 
mately heir, of Robert, conveyed the reversion at his 
brother's death to his own son Thomas and his 
wife Elizabeth, 30 who survived her husband." 
Their grandson and heir, Thomas, Lord Clifford, 
was killed at St. Albans in 1455, leaving a son 
and heir John, Lord Clifford, who was killed at 





CLIFTORD, Earl of 
Cumberland. Cheeky or 
and azure afesse gules. 



BROWNE, Viscount 
Montagu. Sable three 
lions passant bendivays 
bet-ween double catises 
argent. 



8 In contra-diitinction to the rectory 
manor of West Shalford ; Early Chan. 
Proc. liii, 119. 

10 V.C.H. Surr. i, 3190. They are said 
to have lived ' in Una curia.' 

" Ibid. 

14 Testa de Nevill (Rec. Com.), 219 ; 
Chan. Inq. p.m. 25 Edw. I, 50 ; ibid. 18 
Edw. Ill (ist nos.), no. 50 ; ibid. (Ser. 2), 
x, 164. 

u Manning and Bray, op. cit. ii, 59. 
Quoting 'Plac. de Banco, East. 14 Hen. Ill, 
in pell, scacc. reg. reman, rot. 19,' but this 
reference cannot be verified. 

14 Cal. Rot. Chart. (Rec. Com.), i, 41. 

" Abbrev. Plac. (Rec. Com.), 47. 

Rot. Lit. Pat. (Rec. Com.), i, 178* j 
Rot. Lit. Claus. (Rec. Com.), ii, 123, 138. 

*7 Tata de Nevill (Rec. Com.), 2 1 9. 



18 She is said to have been the second 
wife of Walter de Dunstanville. She 
appears first as Sibyl wife of Ingram de 
Pratellis and afterwards as Sibyl Ferrars ; 
Close, 10 Hen. Ill, m. 5 ; ibid. 12 Hen. 
Ill, m. 13 d, 3 d. 

19 Deed then in possession of Sir John 
Nicholas quoted by Symmea ; Add. MS. 
6167, fol. 370. 

20 Chan. Inq. p.m. 4 Edw. I, no. 47. 
M Pat. 29 Edw. I, m. 32. 

M Chan. Inq. p.m. 6 Edw. Ill (2nd 
nos.), no. 61. 

83 Chan. Inq. p.m. 25 Edw. I, no. 50. 
Feet of F. Surr. 17 Edw. II; Cal. Pat. 



34 Cal. of Pat. 1330-4, p. 440. Ap- 
parently restitution was not made to 
Idonea. 

108 



* Pat. 7 Edw. Ill, pt. i, m. 27 ; 
Chan. Inq. p.m. 25 Edw. I, no. 50. Robert 
was brother and heir of Roger son of 
Isabel ; Chan. Inq. p.m. 6 Edw. Ill 
(2nd nos.), no. 61. Roger forfeited his land: 
before his death in 1 344, and with them 
the reversion of Shalford 5 Pat 1 5 Edw. II, 
m. 7. 

W Esch. Accts. 5-8 Edw. Ill, ii, 54, m. 
II ; Chan. Inq. p.m. 6 Edw. Ill (2nd 
nos.), no. 61. 

48 The temporary custody of the other 
half was granted to William Hatton j 
Esch. Accts. 5-8 Edw. Ill, ii, 54, m. n. 

"Chan. Inq. p.m. 18 Edw. Ill (ist 
nos.), no. 50. 

80 Feet of F. Surr. 2 Ric. II, 1 5. The 
conveyance was not complete till 1379. 

M Chan. Inq. p.m. 1 3 Hen. VI, no. 42. 



BLACKHEATH HUNDRED 



SHALFORD 



Ferrybridge and attainted in 1461." His lands were 
granted to an usher of Edward IV, Nicholas Gaynes- 
ford, 33 who was himself attainted at the accession of 
Richard III." The manor was granted by that 
king to Sir John Neville. 34 On the accession of 
Henry VII it was restored to Henry, Lord Clifford, 
' the shepherd lord,' with the other possessions of his 
father, John, Lord Clifford. 36 His grandson Henry, 
second Earl of Cumberland, sold Shalford to Sir 
Anthony Browne in January 1 5434." Sir Anthony 
had inherited Shalford Bradestan, the other moiety of 
the original manor. Thus the two moieties were re- 
united and descended to Sir Anthony's son, who was 
created Viscount Montagu in I554-* 8 Francis, 
third viscount, sold the manor to Sir John Nicholas 
in 1677." In 1733 the executors of Edward Nicholas, 
his son, who died in 1726, sold the manor to Thomas, 
Lord Onslow, 40 in whose family it has since remained, 
the present owner being William Hillier, Earl of 
Onslow. 

When the manor was taken into the king's hands 
in 1333 (vide supra) the custody of SH4LFORD 
BR4DEST4N, the second moiety of Shalford, was 
granted successively to William 
Hatton, Henry Hussey, and 
Thomas de Ponings. 41 The 
last held it for life. At his 
death it was granted in tail to 
Sir Thomas de Bradestan, 
from whom it obtained the 
name of Shalford Bradestan. 
He was succeeded in 1360 
by his grandson and heir 
Thomas," who died a minor 
in 1374, l eav ' n g an infant 
daughter Elizabeth, 41 who mar- 
ried Walter de la Pole. 44 He 
died seised of Shalford Bradestan in right of his wife in 
1434." Their grandson Sir Edmund Ingaldesthorp, 
kt., inherited the manor. 4 * At his death in 1456 
his widow Joan held the manor in dower, her hus- 
band's heirs being the children of his daughter Isabel, 
Marchioness Montagu. One of these, Lucy Fitz 
William, inherited Shalford Bradestan at Joan's death 
in 1494," and bequeathed it to her son William 
Fitz William and his wife Mabel 48 for life, with rever- 
sion to her son Sir Anthony Browne, who had pur- 
chased the other part of Shalford Clifford (vide supra), so 
that the whole was reunited and descended as above. 
The demesne of the whole manor called East Shalford 
Manor was purchased in 1779 by Robert Austen, 




BRADESTAN. Argent a 
quarter gules with a rote 
or therein. 




AUSTEN OF SHALFORD. 
Azure a chcvcron argent 
benveen three choughs or. 



and is the property of Colonel Godwin Austen, his 
descendant. 

There was a custom that the 
lord of Shalford might tally 
his bond-tenants loos, year- 
ly. 49 In the 1 3th century John 
son of Geoffrey, lord of Shiere, 
unjustly appropriated view of 
frankpledge to himself there. 50 
The right of free warren was 
appurtenant to the manor. 41 
In the 1 4th century the lords 
of Shalford Clifford and Brade- 
stan paid Romscot to the vicar 
of Shalford. 4 ' 

The early history of the reputed manor of UN- 
STEAD (Townhampstead, Ownstead, or Unsted, 
xvi cent.) is obscure. In 1256-7 William de 
Wintershull acquired land in Dunsfold, Hascombe, 
Bramley, and ' Tunchamstede,' from Geoffrey de 
Braboeuf." Late in the 1 3th century William son 
of Eustace of East Catteshull granted lands in East 
Catteshull in Bramley to John son of Ralph de Ton- 
hamstede, in exchange for land called Pinnokesland. 54 

In 1385 William Webbe complained at the Godalm- 
ing Hundred Court of trespass upon his land at 
' Tunhamstede.' " Later in the 1 5th century Henry 
Stoughton was seised of Unstead, and his son Thomas 
was in possession in 1459-90. 

Thomas had a son Gilbert, and in 1517 Gilbert 
Stoughton died seised of Unstead, held of the manor 
of Selhurst (or Wintershull), his son Laurence being 
his heir. 46 

In 1 547 Laurence Stoughton conveyed it to John 
Parvish, jun., in exchange for lands in Stoke. 47 John 
Parvish of Unstead was buried in I583. 48 His 
nephew Thomas Parvish sold the manor in 1588 to 
his cousin Henry Parvish, citizen and haberdasher of 
London, who died 4 August 1593, having settled his 
estate on his sons and their heirs female. 59 

The capital messuage was bought in 1608 by Sir 
George More of Loseley from Gabriel Parvish, son 
of Henry, 60 and he in 1609 conveyed to George 
Austen, 61 who died seised of it in 1621, and was 
succeeded by his son John. 61 He sold it in 1626 
to the trustees of Henry Smith's Charity in Godalm- 
ing, 63 and they conveyed it to the Corporation of 
Godalming for a sewage farm in 1894. 

The reputed manor was apparently divided among 
the Parvish family, and Unstead Manor Farm was 
a possession of the Onslow family during the I7th 



" Chan. Inq. p.m. 4 Edw. IV, no. 52. 

M Pat. 5 Edw. IV, pt. ii, m. 5 j I Edw. 
IV, pt. iii, m. 7. 

4 Harl. MS. 433, fol. 145. 

Ibid. fol. 168. 

M Material, for Hitt. of Hen. VII (Rolls 
Ser.), i, 117. 

W L. and P. Hen. VIII, xix (i), 80 (64). 

58 Cal. S.P. Dam. 1547-80, p. 63. Sir 
Anthony Browne's widow married Lord 
Clinton, Lord High Admiral, who in 1558 
peaks of his manor of Shalford Clifford j 
Hitt. MSS. Com. Rep. vii, App. 614. 
The queen granted ' all lands and tene- 
ments by name of Shalford or Shalford 
Clifford to Thomas Butter as 'concealed 
lands' (Pat. 33 Eliz. pt. v, m. I et seq.), 
but Viscount Montagu probably made his 
claim good, and remained in possession. 

Recov. R. Mich. 29 Chas. II, m. 56. 



40 Close, 7 Ceo. II, pt. vii, m. 46. 

41 Esch. Accts. 5-8 Edw. Ill, ii, 54, m. 
64 et seq. 

49 Chan. Inq. p.m. 34 Edw. Ill (lit 
not.), no. 61. 

48 Ibid. 48 Edw. Ill (ist not.), no. 10. 

44 Pat. 19 Ric. II, pt. ii, m. 17. 

41 Chan. Inq. p.m. 12 Hen. VI, no. 33. 

* Cal. Inj. f.m. Hen. VII, i, 96. He 
was son and heir of Margaret, daughter of 
Elizabeth and Walter de la Pole. Mar- 
garet had married Thomas Ingaldesthorp. 

47 Ibid. 483 ; Chan. Inq. p.m. 35 Hen. 
VI, no. 20. 

48 Sir William Fitz William,created Earl 
of Southampton, died 1542. His widow 
Mabel, Countess of Southampton, was hold- 
ing in 1 546. See Losterford in Wonersh. 

4 Chan. Inq. p.m. 6 Edw. Ill (2nd 
nos.), no. 84. 

109 



*> Plac. de Quo War, (Rec. Com.}, 742. 

51 Feet of F. SUIT. Trin. 26 Eliz. 

Chan. Inq. p.m. 48 Edw. Ill (ist 
nos.), no. 10. 

Feet of F. Surr. 50 Hen. Ill, 193. 

54 Add. Chart. 17279. 

M Godalming Hund.R. I June, 8 Ric. II. 

58 Ct. R. of Selhurst at Loseley, Feast 
of St. Edward the King, 8 Hen. VIII, and 
deeds quoted by Manning and Bray, op. 
cit. ii, 99. But part of Unstead was held 
of the manor of Stonebridge in Shalford. 

W Feet of F. Surr. HiU 1 & 2 Edw. VI. 

58 Parish Registers. 

" Chan. Inq. p.m. (Ser. 2),ccixxvi, 74. 

50 Close, 6 Jas. I, pt. i, no. 7. 

Ibid. 7 Jas. I. 

Chan. Inq. p.m. (Ser. 2), cccxcvii, 90. 

63 Com. Pleai D. Enr. Trin. 4 Chat. I, 
m. 23. 



A HISTORY OF SURREY 




and 1 8th centuries. 64 It was exchanged by George, 
first Earl of Onslow, with John Sparkes, from whom 
it eventually came to Captain Albemarle Bertie, 64 
who sold it in 1 800 to Captain William Pierrepont. 66 
He conveyed it to Mr. H. Trowers. It is now 
part of the property of Mr. L. Phillips. The farm 
is on the right-hand side of the road leading from the 
Portsmouth road to Bramley, formerly called Trowers. 

SH4LFORD RECTORr M4NOR. King John 
granted to John of Guildford, parson of Shalford, a 
yearly fair to be held in the church and church- 
yard on the vigil, day, and morrow of the Assump- 
tion. The parson took no toll, but claimed the 
stakes fixed in the cemetery and his fee outside, 
and held pleas for merchants staying in his 
fee. When the fair grew so large that it extended 
into Bramley Manor, the lords of Bramley took the 
stakes of merchants in their fee, and also held courts 
for them. 67 In 1304-5 Ed- 
ward I granted two messuages 
and land with the services of 
free tenants in Shalford and 
the advowson of Shalford to 
the Hospital of St. Mary 
Without Bishopsgate. 68 The 
prior evidently leased the rec- 
tory from time to time. Roger 
Elliot, who had obtained such 
a lease in 1475 6, complained 
that the prior forced him, be- 
ing ' a stranger not acqueynted 
in the Cite of London and ferr 
from his frendes and wife,' to 
pay his rent a second time. 69 
After the Dissolution Queen Elizabeth granted the 
rectory of Shalford with court leet, view of frank- 
pledge, law-days, and assize of bread and ale, to her 
secretary John Wolley. 70 He sold it in 1590 to his 
brother-in-law, George More," afterwards Sir George 
More, from whom it was purchased in 1 599 by John 
Austen," who built Shalford House on a place called 
the Timber Yard, on the rectory manor, 1 608-10." 
The rectory still remains in the possession of his 
descendants. George Austen died at Shalford in 1621, 
leaving a son John, who inherited the rectory 
manor." Robert Austen and his mother Elizabeth 
were in possession in 1714, at which date Robert 
Austen was living in the ' Parsonage House.' " The 
present owner is Lieut.-Colonel Henry Haversham 
Godwin Austen, of Nore, Bramley. 

The house of Shalford Park is said to be close to the 
site of the old rectory manor-house, but the actual 
site was called the Timber Yard. In 1 609 Sir George 
More conveyed the manor of Unstead to George Aus- 
ten, subject to redemption on the payment of 800 
in 161 1, in the tenement of the said Austen, ' now in 
building upon a parcel of land called the Tymber 
Yarde parcel of the parsonage of Shulforde in the 
Parish of Shulforde.' 76 Colonel Godwin Austen, lord 
of the manor, has the building accounts from 1 60 8 to 
1610, showing that it was built in stone and brick. 



HOSPITAL OF ST. MARY 
WITHOUT BISHOPSGATE. 
Party argent and sable a 
mill-rind cross counter- 
coloured -with a martlet 
gules in the quarter. 



The house was much altered, and a top story added by 
Sir Henry Edmund Austen, who succeeded, as a minor, 
in 1797. The front part of the house, now quite 
modernized in appearance, is internally of the original 
date ; but the carved wooden mantelpiece in the 
room to the left of the front door, bearing the date 
1631, was brought from elsewhere. The oak room, 
on the right hand of the front door, has good panel- 
ling, mantelpiece, and ceiling of the later 1 7th cen- 
tury. The carved mantelpiece bears the curious 
motto Heyme incalesco, aestate refrigero which, as Mr. 
Ralph Nevill remarks, is ' a proof that our ancestors 
were sufficiently alive to the advantages of open fire- 
places.' The library was originally the kitchen. The 
mantelpiece bears the date 1 68 1, and the iron fire- 
back has the royal arms of Charles II. The dining- 
room was built by the late owner in 1875. The 
mantelpiece, chalk, with the date 1609, was brought 
from Tyting Farm. 77 There was a fine gallery of 
pictures, some of which are still in the house, which 
is at present let as a private hotel. 

The church of ST. MART is the 
CHURCH third that has stood on the present 
site since 1789, in which year the 
mediaeval building, possibly retaining parts of that 
mentioned in Domesday, was rebuilt. A view of 
the church from the south-east, as it appeared in 
1780, shows a picturesque irregular building of cruci- 
form plan, having a short and rather high nave with 
a south porch, a central tower, and shingled spire, 
apparently of 1 2th or 13th-century date, beneath 
which is a transept, or rather two transeptal chapels, 
conjoined, and having a double-gabled roof, with 
1 5th-century windows, and a longish chancel with a 
priest's door and a three-light east window of 1 5th- 
century date. 

In 1789 the church was rebuilt in local stone 
rubble with brick dressings a very ugly, heavy 
structure having a squat tower with domed roof of 
copper, surmounted by a cupola. There was no chancel, 
only an alcove or shallow apse, projecting from the 
east end of the nave. Cracklow's view of 1824 pre- 
serves the memory of this building, which, in 1847, 
was in its turn entirely demolished to make way for 
the present structure, an ambitious but unsatisfactory 
example of the 1 3th-century style. This consists of 
nave, aisles, transepts, and chancel, with south porch 
and tower with shingled spire at the north-west 
angle. The whole building is excessively high ia 
proportion to its length, and the detail is starved 
and bad. 

There are no monuments of any interest except 
some tablets to the Austens and to the local family of 
the Eliots, of I7th and 18th-century dates. 

The old font is at present turned upside down, and 
placed as a mounting block outside the vicarage. It 
may shortly be restored to the church. There are two 
pieces of old glass, preserved from the original church, 
showing the arms of Canterbury and Winchester. 

The church plate is of the i8th century, and of no> 
great interest. 



" Feet of F. Div. Co. Hit 22 Chas. 
I; ibid. Mich. 1649; ibid. Mich. 28 
Chas. I. 

65 Manning and Bray, op. cit. ii, 99. 

66 Feet of F. Surr. East. 41 Geo. III. 
" Chan. Inq. p.m. 15 Edw. I, no. 69. 
68 Chart. R. 33 Edw. I, 49. The ad- 
vowson is mentioned in the conveyance 



of Shalford Bradestan to Hugh le De- 
spenser by Idonea de Crumbwell, but the 
lords of Shalford Bradettan never pre- 
sented. 

69 Early Chan. Proc. liii, 119. 

7 Pat. 31 Eliz. pt. xvii. 

71 Feet of F. Surr. Mich. 32 & 35 
Eliz. 

110 



Ibid. Hil. 41 Eliz. 

7* Accounts penes Col. Godwin Austen,. 
and a deed at Loseley. 

" 4 Chan. Inq. p.m. (Ser. 2), cccxcvii, 90. 

7 s Exch. Dep. Mich. 9 Anne, 3 ; ibid.. 
Mich, i Geo. I, 5. 

' 6 Close, 7 Jas. I, no. 1981. 

77 Information of Col. Godwin Austen. 



BLACKHEATH HUNDRED 



SHERE 



There are five bells of 1789, and one of 1866, all 
by the firm of Warner. When the six were complete 
they each bore a part of the verse : 

' Thy glory Lord we will resound j to all the 
listening nations round | and with our tongues | our 
voices raise | to Thee O God | in songs of praise.' 

Before 1789, four, dated 16 13, by Robert Eldridge, 
bore the verse : 

' Lord plead my cause against my foes | Confound 
their force and might | Fight on my part against my 
foes | That seek with me to fight." 

In the Edwardian inventory eight bells and a 
' sawnce ' bell are mentioned. 

The registers begin in 1564, but there are no 

marriages till 1581. There is a gap between 1651 and 

1653, and the marriages are lost from 1754 to 1782. 

The church is mentioned in the 

dDrOWSON Domesday Survey. 78 In 12 24 it was 

stated that the king's ancestors had 

always presented to Shalford and its chapelries, but 



that Ralph de Fay, lord of Shalford, last presented in 
the time of the war." 

It was granted with the rectory to the Hospital of 
St. Mary Without Bishopsgate in 1304-5. After 
the Dissolution it passed into the possession of various 
persons. 80 Towards the close of the 1 7th century the 
Crown presented and continues to do so. 61 

There seems to have been a chapel attached to the 
manor of Shalford Bradestan, for in 1374-5 Ellen, 
mother of Sir Robert Bradestan, held in dower the 
chancel of the chapel there. 8 ' 

Smith's Charity is distributed as 
CHARITIES in other Surrey parishes. Many 
small rents and payments were due to 
the church. 81 

In 1715 Dr. Shortrudge, Sir Francis Vincent, and 
others settled the residue of the profits on estates in 
Hertfordshire on the vicars of Shalford, Great Book- 
ham, Etfingham, and Letherhead, on condition of 
their reading prayers in church on Wednesdays and 
Fridays, and preaching appropriate sermons on 30 Jan- 
uary and on Good Friday. (See Great Bookham.) 



SHERE 



Essira (xi cent.) ; Sire, Schyre (xiii cent.) ; Shire and 
Shyre (xiv cent.); Shire (xv cent.); Shire and Shiere 
(xviii cent.) ; Shere (xix cent.). 

The parish of Shere is midway between Guildford 
and Dorking. The village is 6 miles east of the 
former, and 6 miles west of the latter. The parish 
is bounded on the north by East Clandon and West 
Horsley, on the east by Abinger, on the south by 
Ewhurst and Cranleigh, on the west by Albury. 
It is about 4^ miles from north to south, and 
from 2 to l\ miles from east to west, and contains 
6,400 acres of land and 12 of water. The Tilling- 
bourne stream runs from east to west through the 
northern part of it. The soil exhibits the usual 
characteristics of a parish south of the Chalk. The 
northern part is Chalk, on the downs, and the parish 
extends southward over the Upper Greensand and 
Gault, and the Lower Greensand, which forms the 
largest portion ; but it does not quite reach the 
Atherfield and Wealden Clays. Ewhurst and Cran- 
leigh on the Clay, parishes of a later date, 1 were no 
doubt partly in the original parish of Shere. There 
is an ancient and picturesque mill at Shere, and in 
the hamlet of Gomshall a tannery and a brewery. 
Iron was once worked in Shere. 1 The parish is 
now, however, essentially agricultural, the land in the 
valley between the chalk downs and the sand hills 
being fertile. The only special industry is the raising 
of watercresses in ponds fed from the Tillingbourne. 
Great quantities of this are grown, and sometimes sent 
away to great distances. The downs to the north 
are mostly open grass, or wooded, and rise to 600 or 
700 ft. above the sea, while to the south are great 
expanses of open heather and firwoods on the sand- 
hills, Hurtwood Common, and parts of Holmbury and 
Ewhurst Hills, at an elevation of more than 700 ft. 
in their highest points. Part of Albury Park is in 



the parish. The road from Guildford to Dorking 
goes through the northern part of the parish ; the 
Redhill and Reading branch of the South Eastern 
Railway runs nearly parallel to it. Gomshall and 
Shere station was opened in 1 849. In Gomshall is 
a Congregational chapel, founded in 1825. 

No important discoveries of prehistoric remains 
seem to have been made in the parish. Neolithic 
flint implements, however, occur near Holmbury 
Hill, but five parishes were formerly so closely inter- 
mixed here that it is difficult to assign the discoveries 
to any one. 

Shere has often been called one of the most beau- 
tiful villages in England ; certainly few can surpass it 
in Surrey for a combination of those qualities that go 
to make up the ideal village. It lies in the valley of 
the Tillingbourne, immediately beneath the Albury 
Downs, sheltered from the north by the hills, and 
bounded on the west by the beautiful domain of 
Albury Park. Happily the presence of the Duke of 
Northumberland's seat at Albury Park, and the wise 
action of other local landowners, have operated to 
keep the speculating builder at arm's length, and such 
additions as have been made to the old village in 
recent years have not seriously detracted from its 
charm. Shere is, therefore, the haunt of painters, 
many of them residents in and around, and samples 
of their handiwork may be inspected in the ancient 
Black Horse Inn, the building itself being partly of 
1 6th-century date, with a great open fireplace under 
an arched beam, and other ancient features. In front 
of this inn are two old elms, and the view looking 
past them to the church, with its tall timber spire 
and lych-gate, is far-famed. 

Aubrey mentions ' the extraordinary good parsonage 
house,' which still remains at the western end of the 
village, near the stream, although no longer used as 



. Surr. i, 3194. 

" 9 Maitland, Bractons Note Bk. 913. 
Ralph was lord of Bramley, with land in 
Shalford. 

80 Winton Epis. Reg. quoted by Manning 
and Bray, op. cit. ii, 107. Amongst the 



patrons was George Austen, who died 
seised of the advowson, and whose son 
John presented to the church in 1621; 
Chan. Inq. p.m. (Ser. 2), ccucvii, 90 ; 
Feet of F. Suir. Mich. 20 Jas. I. 
81 Inst. Bks. (P.R.O.). 

Ill 



81 Chan. Inq. p.m. 48 Edw. Ill, Add. 
no. 42. 

" Churchwardens' Bks. quoted by Man- 
ning and Bray, Hist, of Surr. ii, 103. 

1 In V.C.H. Surr. ii, 8, 9. 

'Ibid. 270. 



A HISTORY OF SURREY 



the rectory. It is an ancient timber-framed building, 
as to which Aubrey repeats a tradition that it was 
built upon woolpacks, ' in the same manner as our 
Lady's Church at Salisbury was ; ' 3 and in his day 
the house was ' encompassed about with a large and 
deep moat, which is full of fish.' 

When every other house or cottage is old and 
interesting it is difficult to mention all, but a few 
may be singled out as presenting specially noteworthy 
features, or as typical of the others. The large 
number of ancient cottages is perhaps accounted for 
by the statement that Aubrey makes, that there was 
here a very ancient manufacture of fustian. Another 
cause certainly was that such important families as the 
Butlers, Earls of Ormond, the Audleys, and the Brays, 
had their mansions in Shere, and gave employment 
to lesser folk in their neighbourhood. 

One or two of the houses in the village retain 
their ancient bargeboards to the gables. These are 



massive stack of flues having a diagonal member on 
each face of the square, with a good head and base 
mould. The half-timber front is now hidden by 
rough-cast. Another old house on the road to 
Gomshall is noteworthy for an overhanging gable, 
and for the fact that the spaces between the timbers 
are filled with flints, instead of plaster or bricks. 
Most of the other old houses in the village are covered 
with rough-cast, which is coloured locally in a pleasant 
shade of buff. 4 

Wolven's Farm, which lies some miles to the east of 
Albury village, is a fine example of the I yth-century 
brick house, with panelled chimneys, mullioned win- 
dows with leaded lights, and a double-storied porch 
with a brick pediment to its upper window. In this 
and other details the house closely resembles Crossways 
Farm, Abinger, about 2 miles distant. 

Local tradition says that Hound House, in the 
royal manor of Gomshall in Shere, was named from 




SHERE VILLAGE 



variously treated : one, which might well be of 1 5th- 
century date, or even older, being pierced with tre- 
foils ; another is foliated, with the points of the 
cusping rounded so as to give a continuous wavy 
line. In Shere itself a very old cottage in Lower 
Lane shows a joist-board (i.e. a moulded board 
covering the projecting ends of the joists carrying 
the upper story) of late ijth-century character. 
There is also an old house, long and low, with an 
overhanging gabled wing on the right, and a hipped- 
roof wing to the left end, on which side is a par- 
ticularly fine chimney, with crow-stepped base and a 



the keeping of the king's hounds there, but there is no 
record of it apparently. It is, however, known that 
hounds were kept here about 1800, and some old 
stone kennel troughs have been found. 

The village is historically interesting as the seat of 
the Bray family (vtJe Infra). 

It seems strange that Gomshall, which has always 
been a place of considerable population and import- 
ance, should never have had a church of its own. 

Holmbury St. Mary is the name now given to the 
two hamlets of Felday in Shere, and Pitland Street in 
Shere and Abinger, which were erected into aa eccle- 



8 This tradition is so constantly met 
with that there can be no doubt it is an- 



Bridge, would appear to be more prob- 
able) that the foundations of the structure 



other way of saying that the house, or were actually laid on wool-sacks filled 

church, or bridge, was erected from the with concrete, a method of construction 

proceeds of a tax on wool ; or else (which still frequently employed in watery ites. 
in this case at least, as in that of London 

112 



* This buff-coloured plastering is very 
characteristic of Western Surrey. Other 
examples may be noted in Godalming, 
Ockley, Guildford, Chobham, Woking, 
and Letherhead. 



BLACKHEATH HUNDRED 



SHERE 



siastical parish, made up from portions of Shere, 
Ockley, Abinger, Ewhurst, Cranleigh, and Ockham, 28 
September 1878. The schools (Church of England) 
were built in 1860 and enlarged in 1900. There is 
a Congregational chapel. 

This neighbourhood was formerly one of the 
wildest in Surrey. Sheep-stealers, smugglers, and 
poachers found a refuge in these remote hills. Some 
of the cottages have, still existing, very large cellars 
(excavated easily in the sandy hill), which are far too 
large for any honest purpose, and were no doubt 
made for storing smuggled goods till they could be 
conveniently taken on to London. Of late years the 
picturesque neighbourhood has attracted many visitors, 
who have built large houses. Joldwyns is the seat of 
Sir William Paget Bowman, bart., Holmbury of 
Mr. W. Joynson Hicks, Holmdale of Mr. Barlow 
Webb, Aldermoor of Mr. H. T. Willis, R.A., Hurt- 
wood Cottage of Mr. Frank Walton, R.I., A.R.A. 
These houses are all included in the modern extension 
of Abinger, but belong to this district, the church of 
which is in Shere. 

Peaslake is a hamlet of Shere, lying at the bend of 
the valley between Holmbury and Ewhurst Hills, 
which shared formerly the inaccessibility of Felday 
and its wild character. It has been more recently 
brought into the circle of civilization, and a road 
from Ewhurst, practicable for wheels, has been brought 
into it since district councils were instituted. It was 
formerly accessible from the north, but was on the 
edge of the accessible country with no real road 
beyond. A Working Men's Institute was erected in 
1891 by the Misses Spottiswoode of Drydown, in 
many other ways benefactors to the neighbourhood. 
Of late years several new houses have been built. Peas- 
lake School was founded by Lord Ashcombe, Mr. Justice 
Bray, the Misses Spottiswoode, and others in 1870. 

At Shere the principal residents, besides those already 
named, are : at Burrows Lea, Sir Herbert Barnard ; 
at Ridgeway, Lady Arthur Russell ; at Hurstcote, 
Mr. Somerset Beaumont ; at Shere Lodge, Miss Locke 
King ; at Hazel Hatch, The Hon. Emily Lawless; and 
at Burrows Cross, Mr. Benjamin W. Leader, R.A. 

The parish hall was built by subscription to com- 
memorate the Diamond Jubilee of 1 897. 

It is not right to dismiss the parish of Shere with- 
out mentioning that it was the birthplace, ultimate 
home, and deathplace of William Bray, the county 
historian, who was born here 1736, and died 1832. 
He completed and supplemented the already volumin- 
ous labours of Manning, and if slips and omissions do 
occur in their work it is difficult to over-estimate 
their industry and care, and their general accuracy is 
wonderful, considering especially the absence of those 
catalogues, indexes, and printed calendars which aid 
the modern topographer and genealogist. 

There are four manors in the parish 

MANORS of Shere or Shiere, viz., Shiere Vachery, 4 

Shiere Ebor, Gomshall Netley, and 



WARENNE, Earl of 
Surrey. Cheeky or and 
azure. 



Towerhill. The two former are moieties of the original 

manor of SHIERE, which, under Edward the Confessor, 

had belonged to his queen, Edith. She held it till her 

death, when William I appropriated it, together with 

all her lands. 6 In 1086 the king held it in demesne, 

but William Rufus granted it to 

William de Warenne when he 

endowed him with the earldom 

of Surrey.' The overlordship 

continued with the successive 

Earls of Surrey, of whom the 

manor was held as of Reigate 

Castle. 8 

The actual tenant early in 
the 1 3th century was Roger 
de Clare.' In 1 2434 he con- 
veyed the manor to John son 
of Geoffrey, a younger son of 
Geoffrey Fitz Peter, Earl of 

Essex, in return for a life-rent paid at Shere Church. 10 
In 1246 John de Gatesden, who had apparently 
acquired this rent at the same time as the manor of 
Lasham," remitted it to John son of Geoffrey." 
The manor, having passed from John to his son and 
grandsons," was divided into moieties at the death 
of Richard son of John. 14 The one moiety, Shiere 
Vachery, was assigned to his sister Joan Butler ; the 
other, afterwards known as Shiere Eboracum or Ebor, 
to his nephew Richard de Burgh, Earl of Ulster. 15 

SHIERE VACHERT descended at Joan Butler's 
death to her son Edmund Butler, 1 * who was succeeded 
by his son James, first Earl of 
Ormond, and his wife Elea- 
nor. 17 Their son James, Earl 
of Ormond, inherited Shiere, 
which descended from him to 
his son James. 18 The latter's 
son, the 'White Earl,' 19 granted 
it to his son James, 50 whom 
Henry VI created Earl of 
Wiltshire in 1449 in reward 
for his fidelity to the interests 
of the house of Lancaster. 
He succeeded his father as azure. 
Earl of Ormond, and was be- 
headed after Towton in 1461. Shiere, being thus 
forfeited to the king, was granted by him to John, 
Lord Audley in 1467," in tail male. Nevertheless, 
John, brother of the late earl, was restored as Earl of 
Ormond, although apparently not to his estates. He 
died in 1478. His brother Thomas, also attainted after 
Towton, was restored in blood by the first Parliament 
of Henry VII, and in 1486 granted the manor to 
Sir Reginald Bray, kt., reserving to himself the right 
of easement when staying within the lordship of 
Shiere." 

Sir Reginald Bray, statesman of the reign of 
Henry VII, was Lord Treasurer of England, director 
of the king's great building operations at St. George's 




BUTLER, Earl of Or- 
mond. Or a chief indented 



* So called since it included the hamlet 
of Vachery in Cranleigh. 

* f.C.H. Surr. \, 279, 29811. 

' Ibid, i, 340. Hi original Surrey 
endowment consisted of the lands of 
Queen Edith. 

8 Chan. Inq. p.m. 4 Edw. I, no. 47 ; 
31 Edw. I, no. 32 ; 6 Ric. II, no. 15 ; 
31 Hen. VI, no. II. 

* Tula de Ne-uill (Rec. Com.), 2 20, 2 2 1 b. 



10 Feet of F. Div. Co. 28 Hen. Ill, 
199. 

11 See Lasham in Odiham Hundred 
(V.C.H. Hant, iv). 

ls Feet of F. Div. Co. 30 Hen. Ill, 62. 

18 For an account of John son of Geof- 
frey and his descendants, see East Shal- 
ford. 

14 Chan. Inq. p.m. 25 Edw. I, no. 504. 

15 Fine R. 27 Edw. I, m. I. 

"3 



Chan. Inq. p.m. 31 Edw. I, no. 32 ; 
Inq. a.q.d. civ, 7. 

"Chan. Inq. p.m. i Edw. Ill (ut 
nos.), no. 8 ; Feet of F. Div. Co. 3 Edw. 
111,51. 

18 Chan. Inq. p.m. 6 Ric. II, no. 15. 

Ibid. 7 Hen. V, no. 49. 

Ibid. 31 Hen. VI, no. 1 1. 

Pat. 7 Edw. IV, pt. i, m. 6. 

M Anct. D. (P.R.O.), C, 3273. 



A HISTORY OF SURREY 




BRAY, of Shiere. Ar- 
gent a cheveron between 
three eaglet' legs rasud 



Chapel, Windsor, and at Westminster, but especially 
notable as being, with Cardinal Morton, probably the 
true author of Henry's successful policy. Lord Audley 
was, however, in actual posses- 
sion of Shiere Vachery, and 
gave compensation to Sir Regi- 
nald Bray in the form of an 
annual rent of jio. !3 He 
died in 1491, and was buried 
in Shere Church, and his son 
James, Lord Audley, received 
the profits of the manor in 
1497, whilst encamped with 
the Cornish rebels at Black- 
heath." He was leader of 
the rebellion, and must have 
marched through Shere on 
his way with the insurgents 
from Guildford to Kent. Consequently the manor 
was again forfeit to the Crown, but seems to have 
been restored to Sir Reginald, who had perhaps a 
lawful claim from the Earl of Ormond's grant, and 
was Henry's chief supporter, and most trusted ser- 
vant. He had no children, and left this manor, 
among others, by will, in 1503, to his nephew 
Edmund Bray," summoned to Parliament as Lord 
Bray in 1529. From him Shiere Vachery passed by 
sale, in 1535, to his brother Sir Edward Bray.* 6 He 
died in 1558, and his son Edward in 1581. Reginald, 
son of Edward, was baptized in 1555, and his eldest 
son Edward, baptized in 1580," died seised of 
Shiere in i635. w His son Edward was dealing with 
it seven years later, 89 and in 1676 Edward Bray, his 
wife Susan, and their son Edward were in posses- 
sion. 30 Edward Bray the elder was buried at Shere in 
1679. Edward the son was also buried therein 1714. 
In 1723 Edward and Benjamin Bray his surviving 
sons were owners of the manor." Benjamin died un- 
married. Edward had an elder son George in holy 
orders, who was succeeded in 1803 by his brother 
William, the historian of Surrey. His great-grandson, 
Sir Reginald More Bray, Judge of the High Court, 
is now owner. 

The manor-house, certain lands, and the advowson 
of the church at Cranleigh were sold owing to a family 
quarrel between Sir Edward (who died in 1581) and 
his stepmother, Jane daughter of Sir Matthew Brown. 
Sir Edward resided at Baynards (q.v.). 

At the time of the partition of the lands of Richard 
son of John, his nephew Richard de Burgh, Earl of 
Ulster, received a moiety of Shiere," which ultimately 
became the manor of SHIERE EBOR or EBOR4- 
CUM. This descended to William, Earl of Ulster, 
whose daughter Elizabeth married the son of Edward 
III, Lionel, Duke of Clarence," and then, through the 
marriage of their daughter Philippa with Edmund 
Mortimer, Earl of March, to Roger, Earl of March, 



who was declared heir to the throne in 1385." The 
moiety passed to his daughter Anne, to whose son 
Richard, Duke of York', it owes the name of ' Ebor.' 
The Duke of York seems to have held this manor 
jointly with his wife Cecily, and with her conveyed 
it to Sir Thomas Brown and other trustees in 1448- 
9, 3S perhaps in trust for some of his very numerous 
family. However, after the death of Richard and 
the accession of his son to the throne as Edward IV, 
Sir George Brown, son of the original trustee, released 
all right in the manor to Cecily, 36 who continued to 
hold it till her death in 1495," when it descended to 
Henry VII as heir of Edward IV. 38 During the 
reign of Henry VIII, Shiere formed part of the dower 
of his successive queens," until, after the execution of 
Katharine Howard, he granted it with other lands to 
John Cokkof Broxbourne. 40 The latter conveyed it in 
1 544 to William Fitz William and his wife Joan," who 
alienated it to Sir Edward Bray in 1548." Thus for a 




MORTIMER. Btrrryor 
and azure a chief or -with 
tvjo pales between two 
gyrons assure and a scut- 
cheon argent over all. 



RICHARD, Duke of 
York. France quartered 
'with England with the 
difference of a label argent 
having three roundels gules 
on each point. 



short time the manors of Shiere Vachery and Ebor were 
owned by one lord, who also possessed Gomshall Netley 
and Towerhill. He bequeathed Shiere Ebor to his 
fourth wife Mary, 43 who married Edmund Tilney, Mas- 
ter of the Revels to Queen Elizabeth." After her death 
the manor passed to Edward Bray, grandson and heir of 
Sir Edward, 45 who sold it in 1 609 to William Risbridger, 
perhaps a descendant of the William Risbridger who 
under Henry VIII had held demesne lands of Shiere 
in lease. 46 John Risbridger died holding the manor 
of Shiere Ebor and a tenement called Shiere Farm 
in 1631." The manor remained in this family till 
1754, when William Risbridger sold to William 
Wakeford. In 1761 it was conveyed to Thomas 
Page, 48 who sold it in 1771 to William Bray, 49 who 
subsequently succeeded to Shiere Vachery. Since 
then the two manors have followed the same descent. 
The land is still called ' The Queen's Hold.' 

About 1276 the original manor of Shiere had appur- 
tenant to it six and a half fees. Of these fees there were 
some at a distance (e.g. Benetfield, co. Sussex, and 
Lasham, co. Hants M ). View of frankpledge was a 



Rentals and Surv. R. 828. 

Ibid. 

35 P.C.C. 26 Blamys. 

98 Chan. Proc. (Eliz.), G g, X, 44. 

W Wonersh Par. Reg. 

88 Chan. Inq. p.m. (Ser. 2), cccclxxv, 



44- 



Feet of F. Surr. Mich. 1 8 Chas. I. 
Ibid. Hit. 28 & 29 Chas. II. 
81 Feet of F. Surr. Trin. 20 Geo. I. 
81 Fine R. 27 Edw. I, m. I. 
* CW. Pat. 1340-3, p. 187. 



84 Chan. Inq. p.m. 5 Ric. II, no. 43 ; 
22 Ric. II, no. 34. 

'* See Feet, of F. Div. Co. 27 Hen. 

VI, 343- 

88 Close, 12 Edw. IV, m. 21 d. 

8 " Mini. Accts. bdle. 1114, no. 15. 

Ibid.(Hen. VII),bdle. 1423 to 1447. 

L. and P. Htn. mi, i, 155 ; vii, 
352 ; xv, 144 (2) ; xvii, 1154 (33). 

> Ibid, rix (i), 80 (48). 

Ibid. 278 (76). 

Feet of F. Surr. Hil. 2*3 Edw. VI. 

114 



48 P.C.C. 22 Darcy. 

44 Chan. Proc. Eliz. B b, xiv, 54. 

45 Feet of F. Surr. Mich. 7 Jas. I. 

46 L. and P. Hen. VIII, xvii, 1 1 54 (33). 
*1 Chan. Inq. p.m. (Ser. 2), cccclxii, 17. 

48 The conveyance was made by 
Morgan Morse, probably as agent for 
William Wakeford ; see Feet of F. Surr. 
Mich. 2 Geo. III. 

49 Manning and Bray, op. cit. i, 523. 

50 Chan. Inq. p.m. 7 Edw. Ill, no. 39 ; 
7 Edw. Ill (additional), no. 89. 



BLACKHEATH HUNDRED 



SHERE 



privilege claimed by John son of Geoffrey, 51 and at 
the division of the manor was assigned to the 
Butlers, who held it once a year. 6 ' Both Shiere 
Vachery and Ebor had court baron," and the lords 
of Shiere Vachery were granted a market on Tuesdays 
and an annual fair in 1 309,** and free warren in 

1330." 

The manor of GOMSH4LL lies on the Tilling- 
bourne to the east of Shere village. In early times it 
was royal demesne. Earl Harold had it, and after 
the Conquest King William held it in demesne. Odo, 
Bishop of Bayeux, wrongfully annexed half a hide 
which had belonged to this manor to his manor of 
Bramley. 56 It is mentioned with lands granted to the 
Earl of Warenne in 1154 and 1 1 5 5-6." He probably 
resigned Gomshall with his other English lands to 
Henry II,' 8 who granted it in moieties to Robert de 
Wendenale and to William de Clere. M Under 
Richard I William Malveisin's lands in Gomshall were 
escheat to the Crown, 60 and they or others appear 
to have been given to the Dapifer of Ponthieu, 61 
Ingram de Fontains, who held one moiety of the 
manor, while William Malveisin had the other. 6 * 
Ingram's lands were escheat to the Crown in or before 
II94. 6 * Richard I granted the manor in moieties to 
William de Es and Alan Trenchmere. 64 The moiety 
of William de Es became the manor of Gomshall 
Netley, and the other was known later as Gomshall 
Towerhill. 65 

GOMSH4LL NETLET, the moiety of Gomshall 
granted by King Richard to William de Es, 66 was held 
in 1217 by Eustace de Es, w and in 1233 passed from 
him to Sir Matthias Besille, kt, 68 who granted it to the 
abbey of Netley, co. Hants. 69 Thus it came to be 
called Gomshall Netley. In the Taxation of 1291 
10 is returned as the abbey's annual income from 
'Gomshall Grange.' In 1332 the Abbot of 
Netley's tenants in Gomshall complained that he 
had exacted other services from them than he ought, 
since they were tenants in ancient demesne. 71 After 
the suppression of the abbey Henry VIII granted to 
Sir Edward Bray the reversion of Gomshall Netley at 
the termination of a seventy years' lease, which John 
Redforde and his wife Thomasina had obtained 
from the abbey in 1502." Since this time it 
has descended in the same family with Shiere 
Vachery, and is now in the possession of Mr. Justice 
Bray. 

The old manor-house was separated from the 
manor about 1640. It is a farm, usually called King 
John's Lodge, and stands opposite to the modern 
house of Netley. It is largely of 16th-century date, 
and possibly occupies the site of the Saxon aula. 



This house has a fine chimney, rising from the 
ground with a stack of diagonally-placed flues on 
its flint and rubble base. At either end of the 
front is a projecting gabled wing, that on the left 
having some good square and circle pattern-work in 
its timber construction, resembling that at Great 
Tangley in Wonersh parish. The upright timbering 
of the main portion between these wings seems to 
indicate a date early in the 1 6th, or possibly late in 
the I Jth century, the pattern-work in the wing being 
nearly a hundred years later. Modern windows 
and other injudicious alterations have somewhat altered 
the ancient character of this house, but the old door, 
with a flat-arched head, still remains in the left 
wing. 

The present Netley House was built by Mr. 
Edmund Shallet Lomax about, or shortly before, 
1800, and is now the residence of Col. Eraser. 

GOMSH4LL TOWERHILL. Alan Trenchmere 
possibly held his moiety for life only," for by 1205 
he was succeeded by William de Braose, who had a 
grant of it in tail." William's family was starved to 
death, and he himself driven into exile by John; he 
died abroad, and John evidently gave his moiety of 
Gomshall to Peter de Maulay." William's son, the 
Bishop of Hereford, took part in the civil war against 
John, and extorted the restoration of the family 
estates to himself in trust for his nephew. 76 After 
his death this manor was granted to Rowland de 
Bloet. 77 

In 1218 Reginald Braose, the bishop's younger 
brother, had the manor,' 8 from which his widow 
claimed dower in 1230," and 
William Braose was holding 
it in 1 2 8 1 j 80 and conveyed it 
to a sub-tenant, John Savage. 
William Braose was still living 
in 1311, when John Savage 
died, leaving a young son, 
Roger, 8 ' who, having been im- 
prisoned for felony in New- 
gate, broke prison and forfeited 
his estates." In 1332 the 
king committed the custody 
of the manor to John Pul- 

teney, Lord Mayor of London, who did the cus- 
tomary service for it to John de Ifield. 83 A year 
having elapsed, the manor was restored to the over- 
lord, John de Ifield." At John's death the king 
granted this manor for life to Eleanor, Countess of 
Ormond,* 6 then lady of Shiere, and obtained from 
John of Ifield's heirs a release of their rights in it. 86 
At her death Edward III granted the custody of the 




BRAOSE. Assure cru- 
sily and a lion or. 



Close, 38 Hen. Ill, m. ijd. 

SJ Chan. Inq. p.m. 12 Edw. Ill (nt 
mi'.), no. 40. 

M Ibid. 7 Edw. Ill, no. 39 ; 31 Edw. I, 
no. 82. 

M Chart. R. 3 Edw. II, m. 7, no. 1 9. 

" Ibid. 3 Edw. Ill, m. 5, no. 13. 

y.C.H. Surr. i, 2984. 

W RtJ Bk. of the Excb. (Roll* Ser.), 
654, 666. 

8 See V.C.H. Surr. i, 342. 

M Testa de Nevill (Rec. Com.), 125. 

M fife R. i Ric. /(Rec. Com.), 1 1, 117. 

61 Ibid. 216. 

M Testa de Nevill (Rec. Com.), 225. 

M Pipe R. 6 Ric. I, m. I. 

M Tata de Nevill (Rec. Com.), 325, 



says that King Richard gave it to William 
de Es and Alan Trenchmere, and that 
after Alan's death John gave his share 
first to William de Braose and afterwards 
to Peter Maulay. 

64 Curia Regis R. 113, m. 27 d. 

M Rot. Cane. 3 John (Rec. Com.), 28. 

7 Cal.Pat. 1216-25, p. 53. 

8 Cal. Chart. R. i, 174. 

69 Anct. D. (P.R.O.), D. 131,200. 

'<> Pope Nicb. Tax. (Rec. Com.), 214. 

7 1 De Banco R. 290, m. 276. 

7" L. and P. Hen. Vlll, xiii, (i), 646 (39). 

7' Rot. Cane. 3 John (Rec. Com.), 28 5 
Pipe R. 2 John, m. 15 d. 

7< Rot. Chart. (Rec. Com.), i, 1 34*. 

7* Testa de Nevill (Rec. Com.), 225. 

"5 



7 Rot. Lit. Claui. (Rec. Com.), i, 232*. 

7? Ibid. 238*. 

78 Ibid. 348. 

7' Cal. Close, 1227-31, p. 389. 

80 Chart. R. 9 Edw. I, no. 24. 

81 Cal. Close, 1307-13, p. 430. 

ra Abbrev. Rot. Orig. (Rec. Com. ), ii, 

59- 

88 Ibid, ii, 56; Cal. Close, 1330-3, p. 
436. John of Ifield appears to have 
succeeded William de Braose in the over- 
lordship. 

84 Cal. Close, 1330-3, p. 515. 

85 Abbrev. Rot. Orig. (Rec. Com.), ii, 
159. 

8 Anct, D. (P.R.O.), A. 3974, 3975, 
3976. 



A HISTORY OF SURREY 



manor to Peter Atwood for life, 67 and, subsequently, 
to Thomas Stowes. 88 In founding the abbey of 
St. Mary Graces near the Tower of London in 1376 
the king endowed it with the reversion of this 
moiety of Gomshall. Hence it obtained the name 
of Gomshall Towerhill. 83 

In 1539, after the dissolution of the abbey, the 
king granted Gomshall Towerhill to Sir Edward 
Walsingham, 90 who conveyed it to Sir Edward Bray 
in I55O. 91 In 1589 it was granted as 'concealed 
lands' to Walter Coppinger and others. 91 It was, 
however, restored to its former owners, for Sir Edward 
Bray conveyed it to trustees for the use of his wife 
Mary for life, with final reversion to his grandson and 
heir Edward in tail male," and since that time it has 
remained, with Shiere Vachery, in the Bray family. 

Towerhill is an old and picturesque farmhouse 
close to the station. 

In 1086, when Gomshall was royal demesne, the 
villeins there were exempt from the sheriff's jurisdic- 
tion. 94 Both Netley and Towerhill had court baron. 95 
Eleanor Countess of Ormond had view of frankpledge 
in Gomshall Towerhill. 96 In 1281 William Braose 
was granted free warren there. 97 

SUTTON was in 1086 in Wotton Hundred. It 
is a hamlet now chiefly in Shere parish, but with a 
few cottages in Abinger parish and Wotton Hundred. 

It is apparently the land in Wotton called ' Sudtone ' 
which the Bishop of Bayeux had rated in his manor 
of Bramley. 98 It was subsequently associated with 
Holehurst or Holdhurst, in Cranleigh, a parish non- 
existent in 1086 (Holdhurst Manor extends beyond 
Cranleigh parish), and Sutton was called Holdhurst at 
Down, or the manor of Downe, to distinguish it from 
the rest of Holdhurst in the Weald. 99 It may once 
have been held with the rest of Holdhurst (see under 
Cranleigh), but Richard Hill died holding Downe in 
1551, and his son Edmund Hill was in possession 
in 1554.' He was alive in 1582, and Richard 
Hill his son, who married Elizabeth daughter of the 
first Sir Richard Onslow of the family in Surrey, was 
in possession c. 1586.*' Richard conveyed it in 
1595 to Ralph Hill. 10 ' He conveyed it to Edward 
Allford, who sold it to William Leigh of Abinger and 
Thames Ditton in i6o9. 103 From this family it was 
conveyed, c. 1620, to Oliver Huntley, who sold it 
in the following year to Richard Holman. The latter 
conveyed it to Henry Hilton in l636. lM The Hus- 
sey family seem to have acquired an interest in Sutton 
as early as 1 646, when Sir William Smyth, bart., and 
his wife Mary, whose interests were possibly derived 



from Henry Hilton, transferred their rights in one- 
third of the manor to Peter Hussey. 105 Thomas Hus- 
sey of London, who is said to have acquired the whole 
manor, was buried at Shere in 1655. He left a son 
Peter, who was visited at Sutton by John Evelyn, 
August 1 68 1 . 106 He died 1 684, and his son Peter (who 
died in I/24 107 ) left a daughter Mary, who in 1720 
married Edward Bugden. Before 1728 Sutton was 
sold to Edward Pike Heath. His niece Frances 
married the Hon. Henry Knight, and they sold it to 
Mr. Edmund Shallet between 1750 and 1 76 1. 10 * 
Mr. Shallet was sheriff of the county in 1758. His 
daughter married Caleb Lomax. For the later descent 
see under Wotton. 

There was a house at Sutton of considerable size, 
which was pulled down by Mr. Edmund Shallet 
Lomax, son of Mr. Shallet's daughter and heir, when 
he built Netley (see above), but the remains of the 
walled garden and some other fragments are con- 
spicuous upon the left-hand side of the road leading 
from Gomshall station towards Holmbury St. Mary. 

There was a second WESTON Manor, to be dis- 
tinguished from that in Albury, near the parsonage 
house of Albury, but lying in a detached part of 
Shere parish, and called Weston in Shere. In 
the Weston genealogy taken, it is said, from the 
College of Arms, 109 a Thomas de Weston, living c. 
1305, and his son Thomas are described as lords of 
the manor of ' Weston in Shire.' It would seem 
that the family must have been early divided, for 
others are described as of ' Weston in Albury.' " 
William Weston held it of the abbey of Netley at 
his death in I483. 1 " Edmund Pope, a descendant, no 
doubt, of Joan wife of Thomas Pope, 1 " sold it in 1 540 
to John Risbridger of Albury, 113 whose son John sold 
it the same year to Thomas Baker. 114 

In 1621 it formed part of the portion of Mary 
daughter of George Hyer on her marriage with Robert 
Boothby. 115 In 1 709 William Boothby conveyed it to 
George Wheeler. 116 Dr. William Shaw purchased a 
moiety from Bridges Baldwin and his wife Frances in 
1746."' Dr. Shaw's son sold the manor in 1804 to 
the Hon. Robert Clive, a younger son of the first 
Lord Clive (who died in 1833), who improved the 
house. 118 The house was at one time the residence 
of Elias Ashmole the antiquary. The manor seems 
to be non-existent, and the house is pulled down. 

In the Domesday Survey two mills are mentioned 
at Shere. 119 In the 1 3th century there was still a 
water-mill there. 120 It formed part of the rents 
granted to Richard, Earl of Ulster, being held by 



8 ~ Abbrev. Rot. Orig. (Rec. Com.), ii, 
288. 

88 Pat. R. 12 Ric. II, pt. i, m. I. 

Dugdale, Mm. v, 718 ; Cal. Pat. 
1385-9, p. 539. 

"> L. and P. Hen. VIII, xiv (i), 1354 

(5)- 

91 Chan. Inq. p.m. ccilvii, 72. 
" Pat. 31 Eliz. pt. vii, m. 31. 
93 Chan. Proc. (Eliz.), Bb xiv, 54. 
" y.C.. Surr. i, 2 9 8a. 

95 The Court Rolls for 1481 and 1504 
re at the Public Record Office ; Gen. 
Ser. cciv, 50, 51. 

96 Abbrev. Rot. Orig. (Rec. Com.), ii, 
159. 

" Chart. 9 Edw. I, no. 24. 
"3 V.C.H. Surr. i, 305*. 
99 See Harl. Chart. 78 G. 535 79 F. 
3 8a, b; 75 H. 41. 



100 Misc. Bks. (L.T.R.), vol. 168, 
fol. 69. 

Harl. Chart. 78 G. 53. 

1M Ibid. 79 F. 380, A. 

108 Ibid. 75 H. 41 ; see under Abinger. 
These transactions had only to do with 
Sutton alias Holdhurst alias Holhurst at 
Down in Shere, Abinger, and Ewhurst, 
not with Holdhurst in Cranleigh (q.v.). 

I" Feet of F. Surr. East. 18 Jas. I; 
Mich. 19 Jas. I ; Trin. 12 Chas. I. 

106 Ibid. Mil. 21 Chas. I. It is said, 
however, that it was Thomas Hussey 
who purchased the whole manor ; Man- 
ning and Bray, op. cit. i, 497. 

106 Diary, 30 Aug. 1681. 

10 7 For Hussey pedigree see the parish 
registers and monuments in Shere Church. 

108 Manning and Bray, op. cit. iii, 
497-8. 

116 



109 Printed in Brayley, op. cit. ii, 8 1, &c. 

110 Ibid. 

"1 Cal. Inj.fM.Hen. VU, i, 162. 

lla See under Wetton in Albury. 

118 Feet of F. Surr. Trin. 32 Hen. 
VIII. 

"< Add. Chart. (B.M.), 28236. 

lu Feet of F. Div. Co. Mich. 20 Jas. 
I ; Close, 19 Jas. I, pt. xiii, no. 7. 

" 6 Ibid. Surr. Mich. 8 Anne. 

"7 Recov. R. Mich. 20 Geo. II, m. 38. 
Dr. Shaw is said to have obtained the 
manor from a niece of a former pro- 
prietor ; Manning and Bray, Hist, of 
Surr. ii, 127. 

118 Ibid, ii, 1 88 ; Brayley, op. cit. v, 
1 60. 

9 V.C.H. Surr. i, 2 9 8. 

" Chan. Inq. p.m. 25 Edw. I, 
no. 500. 



BLACKHEATH HUNDRED 






William, Earl of Ulster, in 1334, when it is described 
as ' two watermills under one roof.' "' It is mentioned 
again in 1382.'" 

One mill is mentioned in Gomshall in 1086. It 
was probably on the site of Netley Mill. In the 
1 3th century there was a water-mill belonging to 
4 Estcourt ' in Gomshall." 3 

The church of ST. J4MES lies 
CHURCHES somewhat to the east of the village 
street. It is mentioned in the Domes- 
day Survey." 4 

The church is second to none in Surrey for beauty 
and antiquarian interest. Its situation, on a bank 
above the stream, which flows on its northern side, 
with a screen of tall young elms between, and a back- 
ground of more ancient trees, and the wooded hillside, 
is very lovely ; and the churchyard, not too trim or 
level, with a number of ancient monumental stones 
and a few wooden ' bed-heads,' bounded by a low 
stone wall, with a modern but picturesque lych-gate 
on the west, makes a charming setting. 

The church is built of Bargate rubble, with iron- 
stone rubble, flints, and miscellaneous materials, some 
probably derived from Roman buildings on Farley 
Heath, the dressings being of Bargate stone, firestone 
and clunch, and the south and west porches are of 
brick and timber. The modern vestries on the north 
of the nave are built of stone and brick. The roofs 
are tiled, except that of the south aisle, which is 
roofed with Horsham slabs, and the spire is covered 
with oak shingles. 1 * 4 A good deal of the original 
thin coat of yellow plaster remains on the walls. 
Few churches in Surrey have survived the era of 
destructive restoration with such small loss to their 
antiquity as Shere ; indeed, what mischief has been 
done is traceable to the ' churchwarden ' period or 
even earlier ; the exception to this observation is the 
incongruous group of vestries built against a blank, 
and probably very early, wall on the north of the 
nave. 

The plan offers many interesting problems. It 
consists of a nave, 40 ft. 9 in. long, and 1 8 ft. 6 in. 
wide at the west, widening out to 19 ft. 6 in. at the 
east ; a broad south aisle, 45 ft. 9 in. by 1 6 ft. 3 in. ; 
a central tower, with floor-space of about 1 5 ft. 
square; a chancel, 32 ft. long by 19 ft. 2 in. ; a 
south chancel, opening out of the chancel, tower and 
south aisle, 36 ft. long by 1 6 ft. 9 in. ; a shallow 
transeptal recess on the north of the tower in place 
of the original transept ; and west and south porches, 
with the modern vestries, before alluded to, on the 
north of the nave. In addition, there would appear 
to have been in the mediaeval period an anchorite's 
cell on the north side of the chancel. 

The oldest part of the church is the north wall of 
the nave, but whatever original features, in the shape 
of windows or door, it may have possessed, have been 
obliterated, and therefore its date is somewhat a 
matter of speculation. If not earlier, it may date 
from the last quarter of the nth century. To this 
nave a tower was added, probably on the site of the 
earlier chancel as at Albury, hard by in about 
1150. The internal square of this is almost exactly 
the same as at Albury, and it has on its north side, in 
the middle stage, a very similar round-arched window, 



SHERE 

with two sub-lights, originally divided by a small 
column, as in that tower. On the south side is a 
single-light opening of the same date. Three un- 
usually wide and long round-headed openings occur 
above a string-course, or set-off, in each face of the 
bell-chamber, and over these there was, perhaps, in 
the first instance, a low parapet, corbelled out, in- 
closing a squat, pyramidal roof, both features giving 
place at a later period to the timber spire. Parts of 
one of the first tower arches can be traced on the 
south side. Owing to the failure of the crossing 
arches because of the weight of the top story, these 
arches, early in the I4th century, were replaced by 
wide and lofty pointed ones on the east and west, 
and by smaller ones on the other sides. The first 
arches were circular and probably of two orders, with 
a hood-moulding. The great thickness of these tower 
walls 4 ft. on the ground is noteworthy. 

The circular stair at the south-west angle of the 
tower, originally external, is now, of course, within 
the aisle. It retains two loopholes for lighting, and 
a small door with a pointed arch. On the southern 
side the head of one of the original flat buttresses 
appears above the roof, beneath the string that runs 
below the bell-chamber. The whole tower was 
probably completed soon after 1 150. 

The izth-century transepts may have been roofed 
with span roofs at right angles to those of nave and 
chancel (before the aisle was thrown out) ; or, which 
seems on the whole the more probable, with span 
roofs set parallel to the axis of nave and chancel, as at 
St. Mary's, Guildford. In either case there would 
appear to have been apsidal ends to these chapels as 
at Guildford, and there may have been an apse to the 
chancel itself. Certain ashlaring with a curved face, 
built in as old material into the 14th-century chancel, 
may well have formed part of the destroyed apses. 
Among the few relics externally of this 12th-century 
work, besides the tower, are the bases of the two flat 
and narrow pilaster buttresses, on the south side, the 
western at what would have been the west end of 
these transepts or chancel aisles, and the eastern at 
the chord of the apse. These are composed of 
different kinds of stone clunch or firestone, and 
Bargate stone as though they had been altered and 
perhaps heightened at a later date. Another very 
remarkable survival consists of the curiously-shaped 
rafter-ends a roll set within a broad hollow almost 
unique in their way, in the piece of roof over this 
portion : this roof being in itself evidence for the 
second theory as to the original form taken by these 
chancel aisles. The fine marble font and south door- 
way are also of this period, but perhaps of slightly 
later date, c. 1 1 70. This doorway, the most beautiful 
of its period in Surrey,"* must have been originally 
placed in the unpierced south wall of the nave, and 
shifted out to its present position, when the aisle was 
built, in about 1 200. It shows very few traces of 
having been moved, and all the stones appear to have 
been correctly rebuilt. The doorway is extremely 
elegant in proportions and detail, and consists of a 
circular arch of two orders, with a hood-moulding, 
the outer order resting upon a Sussex marble shaft 
with abacus, capital, and base of the same material, 
the abacus being carried round the inner order, as an 



m Chan. Inq. p.m. 7 Edw. Ill, no. 



39- 



Ibid. 5 Ric. II, 00.43. 



10 Egerton MS. 2033, foL 63. 

1 y.C.H. Surr. I, 298j. 

Ias In Cracklow's view the roofs are 

117 



all covered with Horsham slabs ; see 
pott. 

M Illustrated in V.C.H. Surr. ii, 433. 



A HISTORY OF SURREY 



impost, and the capitals carved with early stiff-leaf 
foliage. All the remainder is delicately wrought in 
clunch, both orders of the arch displaying an enriched 
cheveron on the face, with a roll moulding on the 
angle, and a plain cheveron on the soffits. The en- 
riched cheverons have foliage patterns within them. 
The hood-moulding has a small half-moon sinking 
carried as a pattern round its outer member, and at- 
the top a head, now defaced, is inserted. The 
masonry is fine-jointed and fine-axed, both marks of 
the date. The dials and other scratchings on the 
stonework are noted later. On the inside is a plain 
circular arch, much loftier than that of the outer 
opening. There must have been a doorway or an 
arch of this same enriched cheveron pattern at 
Merstham Church, abouf 1 5 miles to the eastward 
along the same road, judging from the voussoirs now 
lying loose in the north chapel. 1 * 7 

The next period is that of about 1200, when the 
aisle was thrown out on the south of the nave, and 
an arch pierced in what had been the west wall 
of the south transept or chancel aisle. The three 
flat buttresses, of three stages, at the west end of the 
aisle, belong to this date. The west doorway of the 
nave is of the same period, and has a richly-moulded 
arch of two orders, acutely pointed, with Sussex or 
Purbeck marble capitals and shafts to the outer order. 
The inner order of the jambs is square on plan, with 
a square capital, this and the other having square 
abaci and crochet foliage. The arch at the east end 
of the aisle has two orders, richly moulded, with 
similar capitals, and among the mouldings of both is 
the keel-shaped moulding. The jambs, with their 
delicate shafts, bases, and capitals, are entirely of 
marble, four shafts to each side. The light and 
fragile character of this arch gives a clue to the entire 
disappearance of the corresponding arcade, which has 
been replaced by the three existing ugly pointed 
arches on octagonal piers. They are cased all over in 
plaster, both piers and arches (as was also the arch at 
the end of the aisle), and possibly the remains of the 
original work are still in existence beneath the 
plaster. Three of the lancets of this date remain, 
two in the aisle and one in the west wall of the nave. 
They are in Bargate stone, with broad chamfers to 
the outside opening. A lancet and a curious pointed 
arched recess " 8 in the north wall of the nave, at its 
eastern end, are of about the same date. A pair of 
lancets in the western bay of the chancel aisle, broad 
openings with flat internal arches, would appear to be 
later c. 1250. 

At the eastern end of the south chancel south wall 
is a two-light tracery window of graceful and some- 
what unusual design. It is of two trefoiled lights, 
with a small trefoil in the head, the tracery and arch 
being worked on three distinct planes : externally 
there is a hood-moulding of scroll and bead section. 
The east window of the same south chancel is of 
similar character and has three trefoil-headed lights, 
the central wider than the others, the spaces over 



being occupied by two irregular trefoils and four small 
quatrefoils within a large circle. There are two coeval 
buttresses at the south-east angle of the rectangular east 
end of the south chancel. Probably this square-ended 
chapel, which is referred to in wills as the Lady 
Chapel, superseded the apse about 1 300, at which date 
it became necessary to rebuild the tower arches, an 
additional archway being pierced between the new 
square-ended chapel and the chancel. The lofty 
octagonal timber spire 57 ft. in height from the 
nave floor a magnificent piece of mediaeval car- 
pentry, was also probably added then or soon after- 
wards. It would appear to have been covered with 
lead originally, and retained a part of the ancient lead 
work until the middle of the last century, together 
with oak shingles. 

These extensive alterations were probably under- 
taken at the instance of the rich abbey of Netley, to 
whom the advowson of Shere was sold by Roger de 
Clare in 1243. To Netley Abbey, therefore, is 
probably due the rebuilding of the chancel in its 
present form, with its beautiful tracery windows 
executed in hard chalk, between 1300 and I32O. 1IS 
The details of the work show that it was begun 
shortly after the square east end of the Lady Chapel, 
and the new windows of the chancel were made to 
harmonize with the recently completed tracery win- 
dows of the chapel. This is very noticeable in the 
case of the great east window, which, with minor 
variations, is almost a replica of that in the east wall 
of the Lady Chapel. Its central light is of ogee 
form, cinquefoiled, and the side lights have rather 
ugly flat trefoiled heads with a cinquefoiled figure 
above, but the same circle, filled with four quatrefoils, 
which is the chief feature in the other, appears in this 
window also. The diagonal buttresses of the east 
wall and the buttress on the north side are of this 
date. The side windows, of two lights, have tracery 
of the ordinary net type. A piscina of this date, 
with ogee trefoiled head and credence shelf, remains 
in the south wall. In the western bay of the north 
wall are two curious squints, one with a quatrefoil 
aperture and the other, close by to the eastward, 
a square opening. Both communicated with an 
anchorite's cell, or a sacristy, whichever it may have 
been, which stood on this side, and was probably 
built at the same time as the chancel. Its roof was a 
lean-to, but its area is uncertain. 1 * The oblique 
squint with the square head must have been used, in 
any case, for commanding a view of the high altar ; 
while the quatrefoil may have served the purpose of 
communicating the recluse. 

Slightly later again, in c. 1330, the north transept 
was shortened and brought to its present form of a 
mere recess between the enlarged buttresses of the 
tower, which at this time superseded the flat buttresses 
of c. ii 50. The beautiful four-light window, of 
flowing tracery, executed in hard chalk, which has 
weathered admirably, has no hood-moulding exter- 
nally, unlike the others, and bears other traces of 



"7 At at Canterbury Cathedral (the 
Aquae Cattellum of the monastery), the 
arched recesses in the east wall of the nave 
at Barfreston Church, and the chapel in 
Dover Castle. In the last-named the same 
stiff-leaf capitals, of somewhat French cha- 
racter, occur. Cf. also the capitals in the 
wooden screen at Compton Church, Surrey. 



las This recess and its little window 
were probably made for the double pur- 
pose of inclosing a tomb and giving 
space for an altar flanking the earlier 
west arch of the tower. 

129 It is possible, however, that the 
chancel had been rebuilt in the I jth 
century, and that the monks of Netley 

118 



only remodelled it and put in tracery 
windows. 

180 Other possible anchorites' cells, 
which may have been either sacristies or 
chambers for the display of relics to the 
Canterbury pilgrims in some cases, ex- 
isted, or can be traced, at Blechingley, 
Chessington, Compton, and Letherhead. 




33 l 
h -^ 

1 'a 



B 

o 




o 



BLACKHEATH HUNDRED 



SHERE 



different handiwork, although the design has been 
kept in harmony with the chancel windows. 

The church of the middle of the 1 4th century 
remains substantially unaltered, save for the insertion 
of windows in the nave and the rebuilding of the 
porches. A three-light window, in the west wall of 
the aisle, of handsome character, with a deep hollow 
and recessed tracery, dates from the last quarter of the 
1 4th century. Another, of two lights, with a square 
head, in the west gable of the nave is of an ordinary 
I 5th-century type ; and a third, in the south wall of the 
aisle, of three lights, with an ugly flat segmental head, 
is dated by the inscription on a brass remaining in 
the south aisle : ' Pray for the soullis of Olever Sandes 
and lone his wife, ye which made this wyndow and this 
auter, which Olev' dyed ye VII. day of Noveber, ye 
yer of Our Lord MVXII, on whos soil JhQ have m'cy.' 
There was another window, of later date, high up in 
the north wall of the nave, near its eastern end, but 
this has been renewed in a quasi- 13th-century style in 
recent years. The window in the south aisle to the 
cast of that of 1 5 1 2 is a two-light nondescript opening, 
originally a lancet, with a square mullion and jambs, 
probably of 18th-century date, to which period the 
quaint external door to the gallery with its flight of 
steps, to the east of the south porch, also belongs. 

From the churchwardens' accounts '" we learn that, 
in 1 547, the porch probably that at the west end 
was renewed, and in spite of modern patchings the 
substance of this remains. The fine panelled door of 
the inner doorway, well studded with nails, and 
having a good key-plate, bears in the upper part a 
small shield of arms two bends and a canton, im- 
paling a bend with the date 1626. At the north- 
west angle of the nave is a huge tapering brick 
buttress, erected in the i8th century. 

The south porch, although its roof appears to be of 
old timber, is of comparatively modern brickwork. 
The door of the inner doorway, rough oak-boarding 
nail-studded, is possibly of 12th-century date. 

The ancient oak roofs, of plain character, remain 
throughout. Those of the chancel and Lady Chapel 
are of trussed collar construction. The interesting 
detail of the rafter ends of 1 2th-century date on the 
outh side has been above noticed. In the tower is a 
fine bell-cage, probably as old as the 141)1 century, 
although altered in 1895 to admit two new bells. 
The doorway to the tower stairs has a door made up 
of the carved rails of some 17th-century pews. Of 
the chancel screen, concerning which we have the 
testimony in the churchwardens' accounts that it 
was made in the eighteenth year of Henry VII, there 
are no remains, but in Brandon's Parish Churches* 
it is described as then (1848) in existence 'a 
plain Perpendicular rood-screen with its doors.' No 
other ancient woodwork or mediaeval fittings remain, 
except the very interesting chest now in the south 
porch. 131 It bears a general resemblance to the one 



at Godalming, especially in the stop-chamfered framed 
ends, and the lid works with a pin-hinge. There is 
an elaborate locking arrangement, and inside are 
remains of two hutches for money and valuables. 
The date is about I zoo, and it belongs to a group of 
early 13th-century chests that were probably made in 
obedience to the command of Pope Innocent III, 
to collect alms for the help of poor Crusaders. 

The oak gallery at the west end is of 1 8th-century 
date. 

The church must have been at one time rich in 
colour, judging from the fragments of wall-painting 
that remain. Practically all has been destroyed 
except a very graceful spray of vine pattern, painted 
in dark red on the soffit of the arch to the chancel 
east window. 

In several windows there are remains of ancient 
glass, of 1 3th, I4th, and 15th-century dates. In the 
south aisle one of the lancets has some good square 
quarries of green glass, with a rose or cinquefoil 
within border-lines, coeval with, or only slightly later 
than, the early 1 3th-century opening. Another 
variety is diamond-shaped, with grisaille foliage pat- 
terns. In the quatrefoils and interspaces of the Lady 
Chapel and chancel east windows are the evangelistic 
symbols, the arms of England, Butler, Warenne, and 
Clare, and other ornaments contemporary with the 
early 14th-century stonework. These are some of 
the best of the little ancient glass left in Surrey. 
Other windows retain red roses, the Lancastrian badge, 
probably placed here by James, the second Earl of 
Ormond, in whose family the manor of Shiere was 
vested in the I5th century. The device of the Brays, 
who afterwards succeeded to the estates the bray, or 
flax-crusher appears on the quarries of another win- 
dow. 133 In the great east window the lower lights 
are filled with good modern glass. 

The ancient floor levels appear to have been pre- 
served, together with a good deal of old stone-paving. 
There are two steps at the eastern tower arch, another 
at the access to the sanctuary, and two to the altar 
platform in the Lady Chapel. From the church- 
wardens' accounts we know that besides this altar 
and that of the high chancel there was an altar to 
St. Nicholas (perhaps that in the south aisle), and 
images of St. Anthony, St. Roche, St. John the Bap- 
tist, and our Lady of Pity. 

Close to the west respond of the aisle arcade stands 
the beautiful font of Purbeck marble, mounted on a 
stone base-block and step. Its date may be either 
that of the south doorway c. 1 1 70 or of the aisle 
c. 1 200 probably the former. The upper part 
of the bowl is square with three scallopings, beneath 
which it changes into a circular form of a bold round 
section, and the parts left at the angles are carved 
into the foliated capitals of the four corner-shafts, 
which, with a stout central drum, support the bowl. 
These rest upon a continuous base-moulding, which 



ul Itm payed for the carryeng of tym- 
bre to the Pytt and for ij. sawyers that 
dyd hclpe lade yt for the new porch, iji. 

Itm payed to the lawyer for the sawyng 
of tymber for the porche, iiijj. viijt/. 

Itm payed for the lawying of the porche 
at another tyme, iiiji. iiijj. 

Itm payed for naylles for the selles of 
the kastors of the porche, \\]d. 

Itm payed for the naylles for to tacte 
on the bordei, iiij</. 



Itm for iij. lode of tymber for the porche, 
xij.. 

Itm for the carryeng of the same tymber 
to the churche, x./. 

Itm for expences in meatt and drynke 
when the old porche was taken downe 
and the tettyng of the new porche up, 
xij</. 

Itm payed to John Fraunces for the 
workyng and framyng of the porch, xxxi. 

Itm for iiij. lytell bordei whyche wai 



framyd in the porche, and for the tymber 
of the box, iiijj. 

The last item refers to the 'poore 
men's boxe,' which was made in the 
same year, at a cost of v. xjJ. 

>" Op. cit. 98. 

IM Described and illustrated in Arch. 
Journ. Ixiv, 172, 173. 

1M Similar quarries, painted with the 
device of the Brays, are to be found at 
Stoke D'Abernon. 



A HISTORY OF SURREY 



has a deep hollow between two round members, and 
is carried separately round the shafts and drum. 131 

The oldest monument is a small brass to Robert 
Scarclyff, rector, 1412, in mass vestments. In his 
lengthy will, preserved at Lambeth, he directs that 
his body be buried in the chancel of ' Schire ' Church, 
to the south-west of the tomb of Master John 
Walter. 1 " He leaves special vestments to this church, 
and a picture, with a representation of the Trinity, 
the Blessed Mary, and St. Christopher in four 
divisions, to stand at the Lady altar. There are also 
bequests of various kinds to the poorer parishioners 
and others, and the residue of his effects were to be 
divided among poor couples of Shere, and in marriage 
portions for poor maidens of the parish. 

Until 1 747, when it was taken down and the brass 
effigy laid on the chancel floor, there was on the south 
side of the chancel an altar tomb to John Touchet, 
Lord Audley, who died 20 September 1491. The 
upper half of the brass, 1 9^ in. long, showing a man 
in plate armour, alone remains, together with part of 
the inscription. At the east end of the Lady Chapel 
is a small brass to the wife of John Redfford ; and 
one to Oliver Sandes is fixed to the window-sill of the 
north transept.' 36 

Besides these there is an early 1 7th-century tablet, 
with a pediment over it, to the right of the great east 
window ; and in the chancel and Lady Chapel are a 
few others of no great age or importance. Among 
these are some monuments to the Brays and Dun- 
combs. Against the south wall of the chancel is a 
tablet to the memory of William Bray, joint author 
of Manning and Bray's History of Surrey, who died in 
1832, at the great age of ninety-seven. 

There are two small dial-marks, 5 in. in diameter, 
on the lower stones of the eastern of the two pilaster 
buttresses on the south chancel wall ; and on one of 
the stones, which is a piece of Reigate or firestone, 
is a mason's mark, the letter R upside down. On 
the south doorway, also of the 1 2th century, are five 
or six dial-marks, two being very regularly scratched 
on the stone, and of the same size as those on the 
buttress. There are also a number of small crosses 
cut in the jambs of this doorway. The toolmarks on 
this door are very well preserved. 

The only ancient articles of church plate are the 
very graceful silver cup and paten-cover of 1 569, now 
in use at the daughter church of Peaslake. 

All the six mediaeval bells mentioned in the inven- 
tory of Edward VI's commissioners were recast in 
1590, but so badly that, according to the church- 
wardens' accounts, a suit was instituted against the 
founder. They were recast by Richard Phelps in 1712, 
and two new ones have lately been added to the ring. 

The registers now extant date from 1591. A 
volume from 1545 to 1590 has perished in the last 
hundred years. 

Curious churchwardens' accounts are preserved, 



dating from 1500. Copious extracts have been 
printed from them by Manning and Bray. 1 * 7 The 
most curious thing recorded in them is the possession 
by the parish of two bows, which were hired out for 
the benefit of the rood light. The common idea 
that every peasant possessed a war bow, and could 
use it, is untrue. A load of wood was cut, at 
Vachery, for remaking the rood-loft, in 1506. One 
entry states that the entire church was re-roofed with 
'shingles' in about 1500. By 'shingles' in this 
instance stone slabs are undoubtedly intended. 

The accounts show that there were lights before the 
rood, St. John, and St. Nicholas, besides the sepulchre 
light. Church ales were held at Whitsuntide, and in 
1 504 i 81. %d. was taken for drinking at the feast from 
visitors from Ewhurst, Wotton, Abinger, and Albury. 

The church of ST. MART at Felday is in the old 
Shere parish. It was built of local stone and Sussex 
marble in 1879, at the expense and from the designs 
of the late Mr. Street, R.A. The style is 1 3th cen- 
tury. It consists of a nave, side aisles separated from 
the nave by arcades of three pointed arches, a chancel, 
and raised north annexe to the chancel. There is a 
screen at the west end, and a chancel screen of oak. 
The interior is highly decorated, and there are nine 
windows of stained glass. There is a turret at the 
west end, and six bells. The church stands upon a 
steep declivity, and the fall of the ground has been 
utilized to introduce two vestries and a sexton's room 
under the east end. The vestries communicate with 
the chancel, and the raised north annexe is above 
them. In the churchyard is a finely-sculptured 
churchyard cross. 

The church of ST. MARK Peaslake was opened as 
a chapel of ease to Shere in 1889. It is of Weald 
stone, and has a nave and chancel with apsidal end, a 
bell-turret of wood, and three bells. 

The advowson of the original 
JDrOWSONS parish church was in dispute be- 
tween the Abbots of Netley and the 
lords of Shiere Vachery from the 1 3th till the i6th 
century. Roger de Clare sold it to the abbey in 
I243- 118 In 1 244 the abbot had licence to appro- 
priate the church," 9 and the king confirmed the 
advowson to the abbey in 12501 ; uo but the appro- 
priation was not carried into efFect. 141 In 1253 the 
abbey is said to hold the patronage 'at the king's 
request. 714 * In 12589 John son of John, lord of 
Shiere Vachery, proved his claim to present as lord of 
the manor, but allowed the abbey to present for one 
turn. Consequently, in 1277-8, the abbot again 
brought forward his claim, but failed to prove it ; 14 * 
and for some years the lords of Shiere Vachery con- 
tinued to present; 144 but between 1346 and 1366 
the abbot presented twice, 146 after which James, Earl 
of Ormond, disputed his claim, 146 but without success,, 
for the abbey presented in 1379-So, 147 and again in 
!39O, 148 and continued to do so till John Lord Audley 



144 This font is illustrated by a good 
tcel engraving in Hussey, Churches of 
Kent, Sun. and Surr. 341. 

136 This John Walter, the immediate 
predecessor of Robert Scarclyff, willed to be 
buried in the chancel before the image of 
St. James, and bequeathed all his blocks 
of hewn stones lying about the manse of 
his rectory to the repair of the steps before 
the high altar of the church, and all hit 
flanks, or Eitricba hordes, at hit rectory 



to the repair of the ceiling of the high 
chancel of the church. Estricbei hordes 
means deal boards imported from eastern 
countries. 

186 In the British Museum (Add. MSS. 
32490, D. 9; K. 33 ; QQ. 22, 31) are 
preserved rubbings of the brasses before 
they were mutilated. 

"" Op. cit. i, 529, &c. 

V.C.H. Surr. ii, 146 ; Feet of F. 
Surr. 29 Hen. Ill, 23. 

I2O 



lw Cal. of Papal Letters, i, 211. 
140 Cart. Antiq. L. 26. 

41 Cal. of Papal Letters, i, 283. 

Ibid. 

48 De Banco R. 19, m. 61. 

44 Egerton MS. 2032, fol. 286, -j\a. 

4 * Ibid. 2033, fol. 3011. 

46 Wykeham's Reg. (Hants Rec. 
i, 61 ; ii, 600. 
"' Ibid, i, 105. 
148 Ibid, i, 176. 



BLACKHEATH HUNDRED 



WONERSH 



again claimed the right."' The dispute was only 
settled when Sir Edmund Bray presented in 1518. 
Before the next presentation came the abbey was dis- 
solved. The advowson descended with Shiere Vachery 
till Morgan Randyll bought it in 1677 14 for Thomas 
Duncomb, 140a who was then rector. It was leased or 
sold for occasions by the Duncomb family, but re- 
mained with them till Thomas Duncomb sold it to 
John Smallpeice in 1831 IS1 for the Rev. D. C. 
Delasfone, rector, with which the former sale may 
be compared. Mr. Justice Bray is the present 
patron. 

There was a chantry of our Lady in Shere Church. 
In the 1 4th century the rector was responsible for find- 
ing a chaplain at the altar of St. Mary in his church.' 81 
The chantry was maintained from the profits of the 
' Chantry House,' which was granted after the sup- 
pression of chantries to Henry Foisted. 141 It descended 
with his manor of Albury (q.v.). IM 

Early in the 141)1 century Christine daughter of 
William ' called the Carpenter ' had licence to dwell 
in Shere Churchyard as an anchoress. 164 

The living of St. Mary Felday is in the gift of the 
bishop 



Mr. Thomas Gatton left .400 in 
CHARITIES 1758 to educate poor children. In 
1 842 Mr. Lomax added to the endow- 
ment, and a school was established on the scheme of 
the National Society. The present buildings date 
from 1877, and were enlarged in 1898. 

Smith's Charity exists as in other Surrey parishes. 

In 1657 Mr. Maybank left 26 for the poor ot 
Shere, which was invested in land in Cranleigh. 

At some date unknown, but probably before 
I7I4, IM Mrs. Charity Duncomb left money invested 
in land in Cranleigh, bringing in l 6s. per annum, 
to provide bread weekly for poor widows. 

In 1 746 the Rev. George Duncomb left 6 a year 
out of his freehold in Shere, l \s. to buy bread for 
the poor of Shere, i i6/. for the poor of Albury, 
2 1 3/. for teaching children, js. for the parish 
clerk. 

In 1784 Francis Haybitle, farm labourer of Peas- 
lake, left a rent-charge of 1 5/. a year on a cottage in 
Shere to provide bread for the poor. 

In 1818 Charles Hammond gave 100 to be in- 
vested in the Funds, and the interest applied to the 
improvement of the psalmody in Shere Church. 



WONERSH 



Wonherche (xiv tent.) ; Ognersh and Ignersh (xvi 
and xvii cents.). 

Wonersh is a village about 3^ miles south by 
east of Guildford. The parish is bounded on the 
north by Shalford and St. Martha's, on the east 
by Albury, on the south by Cranleigh, on the 
west by Bramley and the ecclesiastical parish of 
Graffham, formed from Bramley and an outlying part 
of Dunsfold. It measures rather over 5 miles from 
north-west to south-east, and at the widest part a 
little over z miles from east to west ; it tapers to- 
wards the south. The northern part of the parish is 
upon the Greensand, with an outcrop of Atherfield 
Clay at its base. The southern part reaches on to 
the Wealden Clay. About the village itself, however, 
the soil is sand and gravel washed down by a tribu- 
tary of the Wey, which, rising in Cranleigh parish, 
traverses Wonersh and falls into the Wey in Shal- 
ford. The road from Guildford to Cranleigh and 
Horsham traverses the parish, and the disused Wey 
and Arun Canal also. The London, Brighton 
and South Coast line from Guildford to Horsham 
cuts the southern part of it. Bramley station on 
this line is close to the village of Wonersh, though in 
Bramley parish. The two villages are curiously close 
to each other. The parish is agricultural, and there 
is a good deal of waste land. Part of the heath- 
covered high ground of Blackheath is included in 
Wonersh, also part of Shalford Common, Shamley 
Green, once spelt Shamble Lea, and part of Smith- 



wood Common in the south end of it. Along th& 
road to Guildford is a great extent of roadside waste. 

Wonersh was one of the flourishing seats of the- 
clothing trade in West Surrey. The special manufac- 
ture was blue cloth, dyed, no doubt, with woad, 
licence to grow which was asked in the neighbour- 
hood in the 1 6th century. 1 Her Majesty objected 
to the too free growth of woad as prejudicial to her 
customs.' The blue cloth of Wonersh commanded 
a sale in the Canary Islands, among other places. 
Aubrey 8 tells the story of how the market was lost 
by the dishonesty of the makers in stretching their 
webs. But the clothing trade was dwindling irv 
the whole neighbourhood in the I7th century, 4 and 
Wonersh only shared in the general decay. 

Prehistoric remains are rather abundant. Numerous 
palaeolithic flints have been found in the drift gravel 
near the stream, neolithic implements and flakes ajre 
abundant, especially on Blackheath and near Chint- 
hurst Hill. In 1900 a small round barrow was 
opened on Blackheath. It had contained a cinerary 
urn, broken to pieces when found, in which were 
burnt bones. The urn had been inclosed by flat 
slabs of ironstone. In the barrow were two neolithic 
flints, a round disc, and an axe-head or hammer of 
rude make. 5 

There is a Congregational chapel in Wonersh. 
St. John's Seminary, built as a place of education for 
Roman Catholic clergy for the diocese of Southwark, 
was opened in 1891. It stands near the road to 



149 Egerton MS. 2034, fol. 88a. 

Recov. R. Mil. 28 & 29 Chas. II, 
m. 150. 

I5to See Manning and Bray, op. cit. i, 
519. 

> Feet of F. SUIT. East. I & 2 Will. IV. 

1M Egerton MS. 2033, fol. 63. 

168 Chan. Inq. p.m. (Ser. i), cvi, 56 ; 
cclxxiii, 99. 



114 Close, 10 Chas. I, pt. xxviii, m. 33 ; 
32 Chas. II, pt. xiv, no. 10. 

155 Egerton MS. 2032, fol. 74. Com- 
pare the account of the cell adjoining the 
north wall of the church. 

1M Before 1714, for in 1786 Thomas 
Duncomb, rector, did not know when she 
died. His father, grandfather, and great- 
grandfather had been rectors before him, 

121 



dying in 1764, 1746, and 1714 respec- 
tively, and none of them left widows. 

1 At Unstead ; Loseley MSS. (i Apr. 
1586), vii, 29 B. 

3 See Loseley MSS. (10 Apr. 1585), xii, 
60. A letter from the council on the subject. 

* Nat. Hiit. and Antij. ofSurr.(ed. 1718), 
iv, 97. 4 See V.C.H. Surr. ii, 344-8.. 

Surr. Arch. Coll. XT, 156. 

16 



A HISTORY OF SURREY 



Cranleigh between Wonersh and Shamley Green. It 
is built in the Italian Renaissance style, and will 
accommodate over one hundred students as well as 
the teaching staff. 

On Blackheath is a Franciscan monastery with 
accommodation for students, built in 1892 ; this is 




WONERSH : THE POST-OFFICE, SHAMLEY GREEN 

a. handsome building with a chapel of stone in the 
Renaissance style. 

The churchyard is closed to interments. The 
cemetery, between the village and Blaclcheath, was 
given by Mrs. Sudbury of Wonersh Park in 1900. 
Burials previously took place in the new churchyard 
at Shamley Green. 

There is a Liberal club in the village. 

Among the many interesting old cottages and 
houses in the village are two or three with very 
perfect half-timber fronts, having projecting upper 
stories showing the ends of the floor-joists, with 
boldly-curved brackets, or jutty-pieces, at intervals, 
ogee-curved braces, and in one case a recessed centre 
flanked by projecting wings, of which one has been 
removed recently. Several good chimneys of various 
patterns are noteworthy. On the eastern side of the 
village is a good example of early 18th-century archi- 
tecture with hipped roof and sash windows. 

Shamley Green, an outlying hamlet, contains a 
most interesting collection of old houses and cottages, 
some of which have evidently seen better days. The 
post-office 6 presents a charming study in roof-lines, 



and has a fine pair of chimneys and a timber-framed 
gable of very sharp pitch, filled in with brick. This 
gable possesses a good foliated barge-board of early 
character, very like one in the rear of West Horsley 
Place and another at Alfold. At the top of the Green 
is another good timber house with a projecting gable 
with a moulded bressummer on brackets 
and a barge-board of tracery work in 
the form of small quatrefoils pierced 
through the solid board. There is a 
good chimney, rising from the ground, 
with moulded brick bases to the shafts 
of the flues. More interesting still is a 
house with a half-timber front, a good 
projecting window, and a fine chimney. 
On the left side of the front is a wing 
of rubble and brick with tile-hung gable ; 
the centre braces and a gable on the 
right are framed in squares, with braces 
cut into ogee curves. 7 The gable is 
framed on a bressummer, and has a bold 
projection on spurs or brackets, the soffit 
being coved in plaster with moulded 
wooden ribs. The curved braces occur 
in the gable-end also, and the gable is 
framed with a rich barge-board of pierced 
quatrefoils set in moulded circles, re- 
sembling that in the before-mentioned 
example. In the apex of both gables 
is a clever arrangement for concealing 
the junction of the two sides of the 
barge-board. The story beneath this 
gable rests upon an elaborately moulded 
joist-board or bressummer. The ground 
story has been built out in brickwork. 
This house may date from about 1500.* 
Wonersh Park is a beautifully-tim- 
bered park through which runs a small 
stream. It formerly belonged to Richard 
Gwynn, who died in 1701, aged seventy- 
two. 9 His heiress was Susan Clifton, 
whose daughter and heiress Trehane married in 1710 
Sir William Chappie, serjeant-at-law in 1723, who 
became a judge of the King's Bench in 1737 and 
died in 1745. He probably rebuilt the house. Sir 
William's eldest son, William, is said '"to have been 
unmarried. In the Wonersh Registers his mar- 
riage is entered, but is erased with such success that 
though his name and parentage are legible that of the 
lady is entirely gone, and the details of the probable 
mesalliance are consequently 
lost. All Sir William's sons 
died without issue, except one, 
whose two daughters prede- 
ceased him. His surviving 
daughter Grace therefore be- 
came his heiress, and married 
in 1741 Fletcher Norton of 
Grantley in Yorkshire, who 
was Solicitor-General in 1761, 
Attorney - General in 1763, 
Speaker of the House of 
Commons 1770, being then 
M.P. for Guildford, and was 




NORTON, Lord Grant- 
ley. Azure a sleeve er- 
mine tvitll a bend gules 
over all. 



' Illustrated by Mr. Nevill in his Old 
Cottage and Domestic Architecture in South- 
ivest Surr. 

1 A common fashion in half-timber 



houses, at e.g. in a small house at Lin- 8 Old Cottages and Farmhouses in Surr. 

sted, Kent ; at East Mascalls, Sussex ; and by Davie and Green, has good photographs 
in cottages in Wonersh, West Horsley, of this house. 9 Parish Registers. 



and East Clandon, Surrey. 
122 



10 Manning and Bray, op. cit. ii, ill. 




WONERSH VILLAGE 




WONF.RSH : OLD HOUSES, SHAMLEV GREKN 



BLACKHEATH HUNDRED 



WONERSH 



created Lord Grantley in 1782. His family held 
Wonersh Park till 1884, when it was sold to 
Mr. Sudbury, husband of Mrs. Sudbury, the present 
owner. The house contains some pictures of note, 
and i a good example of early I yth-century architec- 
ture, inclosing the remains of a much older house. 
On the floor above the state rooms is a long gallery, 
and the staircase is so placed as to suggest its being 
part of the original plan. The western wing contains 
a fine suite of reception-rooms. Sir Fletcher Norton 
added a library and billiard-room of noble propor- 
tions, and further additions in the shape of an eastern 
wing were made about 1836. 

The 'Grantley Arms' public-house is a fine old 
timbered house, with curiously arched wooden heads 
to the gable windows. It may be of 15th-century 
date in part. Plunks, another early house, has a 
double-gabled front, dating from the end of the i;th 
or the beginning of the 1 6th century. There is a 
quatrefoil barge-board here also, and doubtless good 
half-timber work is behind the present plaster face. 
The joist-board, of good section, is also a noticeable 
feature. The rear of the house is of more ordinary 
character, but a picturesque medley of roofs, gables, 
and chimneys. 

Other old cottages and houses lie scattered around 
the lanes and hamlets in Wonersh parish, including 
good cottages at Blackheath ; a long timber farm- 
house at Halldish, or Aveldersh ; Northcote Farm, 
Hull Hatch, an old timber-framed house, and Reel 
Hall. 

The schools (National) at Norley Common were 
built in 1840 and enlarged in 1884. The infant 
school at Lawns Mead was opened in 1890, that at 
Blackheath in 1892. 

The ecclesiastical parish of Shamley Green was 
separated from Wonersh in 1 88 1. A Congregational 
chapel was built there in 1870. 

Wood Hill, in the same parish district, is the resi- 
dence of Captain Sparkes, R.N., C.M.G., J.P., one 
of the principal landowners in the whole parish. 
Longacre is the residence of Sir Charles Cros- 
thwaite, K.C.S.I. ; Willinghurst of Captain Ramsden, 
D.L., J.P. 

The original Wonersh Schools, built in 1 840, are 
in this part of the parish. 

Wonersh is not named in Domes- 
Mj4NORS day. All the subsequent manors were 
included in the manors of Bramley 
and Shalford. 

TJNGLEr or GRE4T T4NGLET (Tangeley, 
xiii cent.) was originally parcel of the manor of 
Bramley." In 1238-9 Walter of Tangley and his 
wife Maud were dealing with land in Worplesdon." 
In the same years Ernald son of Richard of 
Tangley was proved to be nephew and heir of John 
of Burningfold. 13 This Ernald held a messuage and 
a virgate of land in Bramley of William Brokere and 
his wife Edith." About 1315-16 Sir Robert Fitz 




BURLEY. Sable a thief 
argent three tilting spears 
paleui'sse counter-coloured. 



Pain held ' a tenement called Tangelee ' by lease from 
Roland Vaux, who held it for life by right of his wife, 
then deceased. 15 Tangley then came into the posses- 
sion of the Burley family. John 
Burley and his wife Agatha 
were dealing with land in 
Wonersh, and the service of 
Richard Tigenor, William 
Loxley,and others in 1 367-8." 
In 1542 another John Burley 
and his wife Katherine were 
seised of Tangley." In 1545 
John Burley entailed the re- 
version of it, after the death 
of himself and his wife Sybil, 
on Richard Carrill of Bram- 
ley. 18 John son of Richard 

Carrill inherited the manor after the death of Sybil, 
who survived her husband. 19 Thenceforward its de- 
scent is identical with that of the Carrills' manor of 
Bramley till 1677, when, at the partition of John 
Carrill's estates, it was assigned to his daughter Lettice, 
wife of John Ramsden.* In 1693-4 they sold it to 
John and Leonard Child." In 1759 John's great- 
grandson Charles Searle sold the manor to Sir 
Fletcher Norton," with whose estates it has since 
descended." 

In 1 808 court leet and court baron are mentioned 
as appurtenant to the manor." 

The manor-house, where Hester wife of John 
Carrill lived during her widowhood," is very ancient. 
It lies in the northern part of the parish, and has been 
made the subject of innumerable paintings, and has also 
been well described and illustrated.* 6 The moat by 
which the present house is surrounded would appear to 
have been intended for purposes of defence as well as 
to drain away the water from the house, which lies 
somewhat low. Remains of stone buildings have been 
discovered. Within late years the house has twice 
been enlarged, having been rescued by its late owner, 
Mr. Wickham Flower, from the somewhat neglected 
state into which it had sunk as a mere farm-house, and 
surrounded by flower-gardens and covered walks. 
The south front, built in 1582 by John Carrill, can 
challenge comparison with any ancient house of its 
class in Surrey. This is not, however, the earliest 
part of the house : although subdivided into three 
floors in 1582, the hall, of the middle of the 1 5th 
century, with its original open roof, remains. It 
was of four unequally spaced bays, and the framed 
principals of the roof can be seen in the bedrooms. 
They consist of heavily-cambered tie-beams, I ft. 8 in. 
deep in the centre by I o in., having under them a 
four-centred arch of solid timber, 4 in. thick, serving 
as braces to the massive story-posts, loin, by 9 in., 
on which the beams rest. A short king-post, with 
an arched brace 3 in. thick from each face, rises from 
the centre of the beam to support the collar and Icon 
beams. The width of this hall was 20 ft., and its 



11 Chan. Inq. p.m. 9 Edw. II, 63, where 
Tangley is said to be ' in eadem tenura 
de Bromlcgh." 

12 Feet of F. Surr. 23 Henry III. 

18 Chan. Inq. p.m. 23 Hen. Ill, no. 77. 

14 Feet of F. Surr. 9 Edw. I, 1 2. 
Everard son of Richard Tangley is said to 
have been the heir of John of Bromfeld, 
1288-9, Chancellors' R. 17 Edw. I, 20. 

14 Chan. Inq. p.m. 9 Edw. II, no. 63. 



> Feet of F. Div. Co. 41 Edw. Ill, 676. 
Feet of F. Surr. Hil. 33 Hen. VIII. 

18 Chan. Inq. p.m. (Ser. 2), clxxv, 74. 

19 W. and L. Inq. p.m. 10 Jas. I, xlvi, 9. 
Exch. Spec. Com. 6485. 

a Feet of F. Surr. Hil. 4 & 5 Will, 
and Mary. 

M Manning and Bray, op. cit. ii, no. 

28 See under Bramley. 

M Manning and Bray, op. cit. ii, no. 

I2 3 



u It was said to be much decayed in 
1670-1. Exch. Dep. Hil. 21-22 Chas. II, 
26. 

86 By the late Mr. Charles Bailey (Surr. 
Arch. Coll. iv, 278) ; Mr. Ralph Nevill, 
F.S.A. (Old Cottage and Domestic Architec- 
ture in South-west Surr. 82, &c.) ; Messrs. 
Davie and Green (Old Cottages and Farm- 
houses in Surr.) 5 and in Country Life (2 1 Jan. 
1905). 



A HISTORY OF SURREY 



length, including the musicians' gallery, which was 
built out as an upper floor over the entry or vestibule, 
29 ft. This hall, as was commonly the case, must 
have had a central hearth, the smoke from the wood 
fires finding its way out at the upper windows, or 
through a louvred turret in the roof. The original 
front door still remains. Doubtless there were various 
outbuildings and offices, beside double-storied wings 
with parlours and sleeping apartments, which have 
been either removed to make way for the later 
additions, or so masked as to be indistinguishable 
from them. The new front of 1582 was built on 
in advance of the old hall. It is of two stories, and 
its elevation consists of two gables of unequal size 
with a smaller gable between, below which is the 
porch entered by a wide doorway, having a four- 
centred arch. The most interesting features of this 
front are the barge-boards with moulded hip-knobs, or 
pendants, at the apex ; the overhanging upper stories; 
the mullioned and transomed oriels and other windows, 
some on carved brackets ; and the ' square and circle ' 
patterns of the timber framework. The latter is 
in some cases enriched with shallow carving of fleurs- 
de-lys a very rare feature in half-timber treatment. 
Many other details worth notice might be cited, such 
as a doorway in the garden wall, chimneys (one with 
a crow-stepped base), panelling, doors, and internal 
fittings. It is now the property of Colonel 
Kennard. 

LITTLE T4NGLET was assigned to Elizabeth 
Ludlow at the partition of John CarrilPs estates.* 7 
After her daughter Elizabeth's death it was sold to 
William Hammond of Bramley. 28 It is now the 
residence of Mr. Cowley Lambert, F.R.G.S. 

The reputed manor of CHINTHURST (Chilt- 
hurst xvi cent.) formed, together with a moiety of 
Loseley, the dower assigned to Thomasine widow of 
William Sidney by his son William in 1452.* 9 It 
had then lately been held by John Hover. It passed 
with Loseley to Sir Christopher More in 1532, and 
descended to his son so William More of Loseley, who 
exchanged it in 1557 for Foisted Manor in Compton 
with John Wight and his wife Agnes." John Wight, 
a descendant of this John (see Arlington), sold the 
manor to John Sparkes of Gosden in 1791." The 
manor was then held successively by his son and grand- 
son, both being his namesakes. 35 It is now the seat of 
Mr. W. V. Cooper. 

HALLDISH is a small farm in Shamley Green. 
In the 1 4th century indulgence was granted to 
Bartholomew of ' Haveldersh ' and his wife Joan, 
who were buried in Wonersh churchyard.* 4 In the 
1 7th century it was in the possession of the Dun- 
combe family, and descended with Weston in Albury 
to Nathaniel Sturt and his wife Anne. 35 Their grand- 
son, the Rev. George Chatfield, was owner in 1808." 
It was purchased before 1841 by Henry Drummond 
of Albury," and belongs to the Duke of Northumber- 
land his grandson. 

Green Place, the present residence of Mrs. Leighton, 



was reported in the 1 7th century to have been ' some- 
time a fair and large house now ruinated,' and formerly 
the property of Baron Roos. 38 It was the property of 
the Elyots, afterwards of Busbridge, in the 1 5th 
century.* 9 Thomas and Henry Elyot have brasses 
in Wonersh Church. 

LOSTERFORD in Wonersh is called a manor in 
the 1 6th century. In 1547 John Scarlet died seised 
(inter aha) of the manor of Losterford, held of the 
Countess of Southampton (Fitz William) as of the 
manor of Shalford Bradestan. 40 He left a son John 
aged seven years and upwards. In 1576 Thomas 
Paston bought a moiety of the manor of Losterford 
and Wykes of John Scarlet." 

In 1579 William Tycknor bought the manor of 
Losterforde afias Lastarforde of Nicholas and Thomas 
Parson, no doubt the same as Paston above. 41 Loster- 
ford House is now the residence of Colonel Cust. 

ROWLEYS, another reputed manor, was bought 
by Robert Harding, goldsmith, in 1 508, of Humphrey 
Sydney. Robert's son William had a daughter Cathe- 
rine (see Bramley), who married Richard Onslow, in 
whose family Rowleys descended," till in 1806 the 
Earl of Onslow sold it to Richard Sparkes, 44 who was 
succeeded by his son John Sparkes." 

The church of ST. JOHN THE 
CHURCHES BAPTIST is approached by a short 
lane from the village street, through 
iron gates in the lofty inclosing wall of Wonersh Park, 
its churchyard adjoining the park. The churchyard 
is surrounded by noble old trees and is beautifully kept. 
The old parts of the church are built of ironstone 
rubble, conglomerate, chalk rag, Bargate rubble and 
other materials, with hard chalk or clunch for the 
dressings and a good deal of what seems to be Caen 
stone in the inside of the chancel and north chapel. 
The roofs are tiled. The nave and south aisle (thrown 
into one area and under one roof) and the transeptal 
chapel on the south were largely rebuilt in 1793 by 
the then Lord Grantley it is said from plans by his 
butler in red brick and in the plainest sort of 
meeting-house style. 

In the alterations of 1793, the end of the chancel 
was cut off so as to make it coterminous with the 
transeptal chapels, a small alcove being built out to 
contain the altar. In the recent restoration (190 1 2) 
some of the worst of these mutilations were undone, 
the chancel being extended to what was probably its 
original length, and the north chapel or chancel aisle, 
which had also been reduced in length, prolonged 
eastward on the old foundations. 

The present dimensions therefore are : nave 
39 ft. 6 in. by 20 ft., or, with the space that originally 
formed an aisle on the south, 30 ft. 6 in. in width ; 
chancel, 32 ft. 5 in. by 20 ft. 3 in. ; north chapel, 
21 ft. 5 in. by 14 ft. 5 in. ; tower, on the north of 
the nave, opening into it and into the chapel, 1 3 ft. 
9 in. by 1 3 ft. 5 in. ; and south chapel (now used as 
organ-chamber and vestry), 2 1 ft. 3 in. by 1 8 ft. 
The tower, somewhat unusually placed on the north 



v Exch. Spec. Com. 6485. 

88 Close, 25 Ceo. II, pt. i, no. 5. 

" Harl. Chart. 56 B 25. 

80 See under Loseley ; also Chan. Inq. 
p.m. (Ser. 2), Ixxxix, 134. Feet of F. 
Surr. Mich. 5 Edw. VI. 

81 Com. Pleas D. Ear. East. 4*5 Phil, 
and Mary, m. 367. 

" Feet of F. Surr. Mich. 3 1 Ceo. III. 



88 Manning and Bray, op. cit. ii, 1 1 1 ; 
Brayley, Tofog. Hist, of Surr. v, 148. 

84 Index to Epis. Reg. of Winchester ; 
Egerton MS. 2032, fol. 128. 

85 Feet of F. Surr. East. 10 Geo. I. 
88 Manning and Bray, op. cit. ii, 108. 
8 ? Brayley, Tofog. Hist, of Surr. v, 148. 
88 Add. MS. (B.M.), 6167, fol. 467. 

Harl. MS. 1561, foL zii. 

124 



40 Inq. p.m. Wards and Liveries, I Edw. 
VI, iii, n. 

41 Feet of F. Surr. Trin. 1 8 Elit. 
Ibid. Mil. 21 Eliz. 

48 Chan. Inq. p.m. (Ser. 2), ccclv, 96 ; 
and Manning and Bray, op. cit. ii, no. 

44 Manning and Bray, op. cit. ii, in; 
Recov. R. East. 44 Geo. Ill, m. 231. 

41 Brayley, Tofog, Hiit. of Surr. v, 148. 



BLACKHEATH HUNDRED 



WONERSH 



side of the nave at its eastern end,* 6 and with its 
western wall askew, is in three stages, the topmost, 
which is embattled and contains the bells, being an 
addition of 1 7 5 1 , and taking the place of a shingled spire. 
The upper stage is of brick and rubble, with broad 
brick string-courses and wide, round-headed, louvred 
openings. A peculiarity of the lower stages is that 
there are no dressed stone quoins to the angles, which 
are formed of thin layers of ironstone rubble, the 
construction resembling that of the late 12th-century 
church at Wisley. As however, all the openings are later 
insertions, it is difficult to pronounce with certainty 
as to its date : but it seems to have been built up 
against a nave of pre-Conquest date, in which traces 
of round-headed windows finished in 
plaster were discovered in 1901. This 
nave was probably that of the chapel 
built in pre-Conquest times, or at any 
rate before the close of the 1 1 th cen- 
tury. The early windows were not 
preserved at the restoration. Until the 
early years of the 1 3th century this 
tower was detached on three sides. It 
opens into the nave by a plain square- 
edged pointed arch, having chamfered 
abaci, and this may date from about 
1 1 80. Early in the 1 3th century the 
chancel was also rebuilt, on a much 
wider and larger plan. The fine lofty 
chancel arch, of unusually bold span, 
shows by its mouldings that it was exe- 
cuted about 1 220, and there are the 
outlines of three blocked lancets in each 
of the side walls of the chancel, a piece 
of string-course on its north wall, and 
remains of a low side window or priest's 
door on the south, which agree with 
that date. At about the same time the 
lancet that lights the ground story of 
the tower was inserted, replacing per- 
haps a smaller and earlier opening. 

Towards the close of the I3th cen- 
tury a chapel was thrown out on the 
south of the chancel, and as evidence 
of this the arch of communication be- 
tween the two, with characteristically 
moulded capitals, remains. The piers 
and arch are of the same section, of two 
orders with narrow chamfers, and the 
capital is really no more than an impost 
moulding breaking their junction. No- 
thing but this arch remains of the chapel, 
which was rebuilt in brick in 1793. 

In about 1400 perhaps slightly earlier a corre- 
sponding chapel was made on the north side, opening 
to the chancel and tower by somewhat elaborately 
moulded arches, of two orders, with shafts having 
moulded capitals and bases. A good image-niche of 
this period, with ogee cinquefoiled head and carved 
brackets, remains high up in the south wall of this 
chapel, and hard by is a roughly formed squint having 
a piscina in its sill ; while eastward of both on the 
chancel side is a door, low in the wall, with a flight 
of steps leading to what was perhaps a charnel behind 
the altar, paved with tiles of various dates. This is 



shown in an 1 8th-century engraving as having a 
low lean-to roof of stone, just above the ground, 
with two small lancet slits under gablets abutting 
against the east wall of the chapel. This curious 
and rare roofing was destroyed in 1793. Another 
curious doorway, also of this period, now blocked, is 
set beneath the lancet window in the north wall of the 
tower. It also is very low down in the wall and is 
planned to open outwards : the head is pointed 
within a square, with a shield and foliage in one 
spandrel : its presence here is hard to explain, but 
probably it was merely inserted in the 1 8th century, 
being brought from elsewhere in the church, as Crack- 
low's view shows a small porch, now no longer 




WONERSH CHURCH FROM THE NORTH 

existing, against this wall of the tower. The door 
to the rood-loft, also of 15th-century date, is visible, 
its sill being at a height of some 8 ft. from the floor, 
in the south wall of the tower, close to the west face 
of the chancel arch ; and on the opposite side, against 
the east wall of the nave, is some wrought clunch, 
which has formed the jamb of an opening at the 
corresponding level through the south wall of the 
nave. This wall, with its arcade to the aisle, was 
removed when the nave was gutted in 1793. A 
lancet to the west of the tower in the north wall 
appears to be modern, and the only ancient feature 



"The neighbouring church of Bramley 
hasa tower similarly placed and other exam- 



ples of northern towers occur at West Clan- 
don and (originally) Tooting : while towers 

125 



on the south of the nave are found at Fet- 
cham, Godstone, and LingticLi. 



A HISTORY OF SURREY 



in this wall is a large embattled corbel, set at some 
height above the floor towards the western end. The 
soffit of the chancel arch retains a groove for a boarded 
tympanum, which originally formed a background for 
the rood and attendant images. 

The modern extensions of the chancel and north 
chapel are in excellent taste and in general conformity 
with the old work : they include a fine east window, 
piscina, and sedilia, new windows in the chancel and 
north chapel, and a door in the latter. 

In 1793 the nave and the space formerly occupied 
by the aisle were re-roofed under one span, with great 
queen-post trusses, and the whole ceiled. The ceiling 
has now been removed, exposing the somewhat naked 
constructional timbers. The roofs of the chancel and 
north chapel are modern (except for a moulded beam, 
of 1 5th-century date, in the former, which, however, 
appears to have crowned a screen or rood gallery), and 
are elaborately ornamented with bosses, on which are 
carved sacred emblems, shields of arms, &c., the whole 




PLAN OF WONERSH CHURCH 

being coloured and gilt. The painted glass is all 
modern and exceptionally good, especially that in the 
east window of the north chapel, with figures of St. 
George and St. Alban. A few slight traces of me- 
diaeval colour decoration remain, as on the voussoirs of 
the chancel arch. The altar-pace in the north chapel 
is paved with old tiles dating from the 1 3th to the 
1 5th centuries. The chancel is paved in black and 
white marble, laid in squares and patterns, and the 
sanctuary is raised three steps above the nave. The 
chapel altar is brought forward to allow of the passage 
way behind it. Both the chancel and chapel altars 
have stone slabs, incised with the five crosses, on 
wooden framework, that of the high altar being hand- 
somely carved in several woods. The chancel seats 
are elaborately carved in oak, with figures of saints as 
finials to the stall-ends, and the nave and tower are 
seated with benches in elm, very beautifully figured. 
There are one or two pieces of old oak beams lying in 
the ' crypt ' passage behind the chapel altar, and within 
the arch to the south chapel is a good plain oak screen 
of 15th-century date, having moulded work, but no 



tracery. This has been copied in a modern screen in 
the opposite arch. There is a fine old Flemish 
chandelier hanging in the centre of the chancel, and 
in the north chapel is a pair of Georgian altar- 
candlesticks. 

The font, of cup-shaped bowl, stem and base, is a 
restoration in sandstone, incorporating a curious band 
of ribbed work in a coarse grit-stone below the bowl, 
which, from its archaic character, may be of pre-Con- 
quest date. This font was found buried beneath the 
floor at the restoration. 

In the nave, aisle, and chapels are a few old slabs 
and ledgers, some with armorial panels. There is a 
large Purbeck marble altar-tomb in the north chapel, 
of 15th-century date, probably that of the founder of 
the chapel, but without name or inscription of any 
kind. Its sides are ornamented with quatrefoiled 
tracery panelling and shields, originally filled with 
coats-of-arms in latten, but these have all disappeared. 
An earthenware jar, now in the vestry, was found 
under the floor near this tomb. It is 
r-> said that the person interred in the 

tomb was embalmed, as the cassia used 
in the embalming still exudes from the 
tomb in damp weather. In the south 
chapel, now the vestry, is another 
altar-tomb with a marble slab to the 
memory of Robert Gwynn, a ' Filezar 
of London,' with a fine heraldic panel 
and the date 1701. Built into the 
west wall of the nave are the frag- 
ments of a fine Elizabethan mural 
monument, with cornice pilasters and 
a foliaged scroll-work panel of good 
design : the inscription is missing. 
One of the grave-slabs, now missing, 
recorded the death of one of the 
Carills of Tangley, and the rhyming 
epitaph ended with the line, 'Caryll 
sings carols in the heavenly quire.' 

On the floor of the chancel is a 
brass with figures of a civilian and 
wife and an imperfect inscription to 
' Thomas Elyot de Wonersh ' and 
his wife Alicia, dated 146 . An- 
other, with figures of a civilian and 
lady and groups of twelve sons and eleven daughters, 
bearing date 1503, is to Henry Elyot and Johanna his 
wife. Within the chancel rails are two small brass 
inscriptions, to Elizabeth, one of the daughters of 
Thomas Blennerhayset, 1513; and to Elizabeth, 
daughter of Henry Bossevile : ' who died the 9 daye 
of February 1578, beinge 27 dayes olde." 

Some of the tool marks on the I 2th and I 3th cen- 
tury arches are very well preserved, and on the arch 
between the tower and the nave is a dial, or incised 
circle. 

The bells are modern. 

Among the church plate are a silver cup and cover, 
with the usual band of arabesque foliage round the 
bowl of the latter, and the date 1569. with the corre- 
sponding hall-marks. Another silver paten bears the 
hall-marks of 1 8 1 1 , with the inscription noteworthy 
for the date : ' Ut dignius celebretur Eucharistia in 
Eccl. par. de Wonersh in Com. Surriensi, haec Patina 
Deo dicata est A.D. 1812. Gul H. Cole Vicario. 
J. Sparkes et E. Chitty Sacrorum Custodibus.' 
The registers date from 1539. 



126 



BLACKHEATH HUNDRED 



WONERSH 



Christ Church Shamley Green was built in 1864 as 
a chapel of ease to Wonersh. It is in the 13th-cen- 
tury style, of sandstone with a west turret and spire. 

On Blackheath is a chapel of ease to the parish 
church. It is built of stone in Italian Gothic or 
Romanesque style. 

The church of Wonersh was 
JDrOWSONS formerly a chapel of Shalford, and 
as such was in the presentation of the 
king. 47 In I 304-5 Edward I granted it to the Hospital 
of St. Mary without Bishopsgate and called it a church 
in his charter. 48 The Prior of St. Mary held the advow- 
son till the Dissolution, when it came into the hands 
of the Crown. 49 In 1590 Queen Elizabeth granted it 
with Shalford rectory to her secretary Sir John Wolley. 50 
His son and heir Sir Francis Wolley died holding the 
advowson in 1609.*' George Duncombe was dealing 
with it in 1650, Roger Duncombe in 1677, and 
George Duncombe in 1693." In 1765 George 



Duncombe sold it to Sir Fletcher Norton, whose son, 
William Lord Grantley, held it in 1808." It was 
acquired by Lord Ashcombe after the sale of the 
Grantley estates, and presented by him to Selwyn 
College, Cambridge. 

Shamley Green was formed into a parish from 
Wonersh in 1 88 1 .** The living is in the gift of Lord 
Ashcombe. 

Smith's charity is distributed as in 
CHARITIES other Surrey parishes. Mr. John 
Austen of Shalford left money for 
poor relief in 1620. Mr. Henry Chennell of Wonersh 
left land, the produce to be devoted to putting six 
poor boys to school, in 1672. Mr. Gwynne of London 
gave land and bank stock, in 1698, to put four poor 
boys to school and to distribute bread to fifteen poor 
persons every Sunday after service. 

The charities are now (1908) being amalgamated 
under a scheme by the Charity Commissioners. 



4 7 Maitland, Braetan'i Note Bk. 9135 
Cul. Pat. 1116-25, P- 497- 

48 Chart. R. 33 Edw. I, no. 49. 

49 Egerton MS. 2031, fol. 118; ibid. 
2033, fol. 42 j ibid. 2034, fol. 176. 



60 Pat. 32 Eliz. pt. xvii. 

81 Chan. Inq. p.m. (Ser. 2), ccxlix, 74 ; 
ccciv, 60, 

M Feet of F. Surr. Mich. 1650 ; Mich. 
29 Chat. II ; Hil. 4 & 5 Will, and Mary. 



53 Manning and Bray, op. cit. ii, 
113. 

M Census 1891. Administrative and An- 
cient Co. i, 350. 



127 



THE HUNDRED OF WOTTON 



ABINGER 
CAPEL 



CONTAINING THE PARISHES OF 

DORKING 
OCKLEY 



WOTTON ' 



Wotton Hundred 8 (Odeton, xi cent. ; Wodetone, until xvi cent.) was found 
by the Domesday Commissioners to include Dorking, Sutton in Shiere, part of 
Compton in Sussex, Burgham, Wyke, Worplesdon, Betchworth, Milton, 
Anstie Farm, Abinger, and Paddington. Of these, Sutton in Shiere was shortly 

afterwards attached by the Bishop of Bayeux 
to his manor of Bramley in Blackheath 
Hundred, 8 while Compton, as the county 
borders became more settled, was presum- 
ably included in Sussex with the other lands 
of Roger de Montgomery, who held it at 
the time of the Survey. It has been sug- 
gested that Burgham, Wyke, and Wor- 
plesdon owed their inclusion in Wotton 
Hundred 4 to a clerical error, and it was 
possibly due to the same cause that Ockley 
at the time of the Survey was placed in 
Woking. It seems probable that ' Beche- 
worth ' refers to East Betchworth, now in 
Reigate Hundred : Milton and Anstie 
Farm are both in Dorking parish. 

The sheriffs courts were held in 
Dorking, whence the usual later name. The hundred does not appear 
to have been alienated from the Crown until it was granted by James I 
to Sir Edward Zouche, 1620, at the same time and in the same manner 
as the hundreds of Blackheath and Woking (see under Blackheath Hundred),, 
and likewise descended to Earl Onslow. 

1 Population Returns, 1831, ii, 636. 

1 The hundred appears as Dorking Hundred in Norden's Map of Surrey (1610), given in y.C.H. Surr. i > 
while the name Wotton is alternative to Blackheath, by a mere error of Norden's. 
1 y.C.H. Surr. i, 305*. 4 Ibid. 3 1 3*. 



INDEX MAP 
TO THE 

HUNDRED 

or 

WOTTON 




128 



WOTTON HUNDRED 



ABINGER 



ABINGER 



Abinceborne (xi cent.) ; Abinworth, Abyngworth 
(xiii cent.) ; Abyngeworth (xv cent.). 

Abinger is a parish bounded on the north by West 
Horsley and Effingham, on the east by Wotton and 
Ockley, on the south by the county of Sussex, on 
the west by Ewhurst and Shiere. It is 9 miles from 
north to south, and varies from i to \ mile from 
east to west. It contains 7,560 acres. The church is 
8 miles south-west of Dorking. Abinger, Wotton, 
and Ockley were formerly much intermixed, but on 
5 December 1879' a long outlying strip of Ockley 
between Abinger and Ewhurst, and two smaller 
portions of Ockley isolated in Abinger, were added to 
Abinger ; at the same date ' a part of Wotton on the 
Sussex border was added to Abinger. On 2 5 March 
1883 * a very small curiously outlying piece of Ock- 
ham and two very small portions of Cranleigh and 
Ewhurst, near the eastern slope of Holmbury Hill, 
were added to Abinger. The northern portion of 
the parish is on the chalk downs, nearly 700 ft. above 
the sea. It runs southward over the narrow Upper 
Green Sand and Gault, and on the western side of Lei th 
Hill on the Lower Green Sand rises to over 800 ft. 
on High Ashes Hill. Abinger Church is 550 ft. 
above the sea, and is the highest old parish church in 
Surrey, except Tatsfield. The southern part of the 
parish sinks rapidly down to the Wealden Clay. 
The streams which rise in the parish flow to the 
Tillingbourne, which runs from Leith Hill to join the 
Wey at Shalford, and in the other direction to the 
head waters of the Arun. The parish is agricultural ; 
but at Abinger Hammer, on the Tillingbourne, was 



an iron forge. 4 The South Eastern Railway, Redhill 
and Reading branch, and the road from Dorking to 
Guildford traverse the northern part of the parish. 

The ancient remains in Abinger, since the extension 
of the parish in 1879-83, are extensive and interest- 
ing. Neolithic flints, including a fine axe-head in 
private possession, have been found about Holmbury 
Hill. In a field near Abinger Hall a small Roman 
villa was found in 1877, with some coins of Con- 
stantine the Great and his family. The remains were 
left open, and Dr. Darwin used the Roman mosaic floors 
in situ for observations upon the work of earthworms, 
aided in his investigation by his niece, Miss Wedgwood 
of Leith Hill Place. The remains mostly perished 
from exposure, or were removed, and the remainder 
is now covered up again. It appeared to be a small 
country house, of no great pretensions. 

On Holmbury Hill now in Abinger, but m 
Ockley when the old Surrey histories were written is 
a considerable earthwork, covering almost exactly 10 
acres, 857 ft. above the sea. The four sides are 
nearly opposite the cardinal points. The western, 
northern, and eastern ditches make nearly three sides 
of a square, but the southern side follows the irregular 
contour of the steep slope of the hill. There are 
double banks and ditches on the north and west, 
where the ground outside is nearly as high as the in- 
side, and double, or treble, scarped banks on the 
south, obscured by diggings for sand. On the east, 
where the ground falls more rapidly, is a bank and 
ditch, with a low outside bank to it, but no ditch 
visible beyond. There is a poor water supply inside. 




1 Loc. Goyt. Bd. Order no. 9951. 
3 



ABINGER : CROSSWAYS FARM HOUSE 

' By Order no. 9951. * By Order no. 14281. 

I2Q 



4 V.C.H. Surr. ii, 170-1. 

'7 



A HISTORY OF SURREY 



near the east side, and an abundant supply a little 
way down the hill. The entrance was at the north- 
west corner, by a causeway across the ditches, the 
banks being raised slightly to command it on either 
side. 4 The arrangement of the old parishes about it 
was curious, and can scarcely be fortuitous. The 
work was in Ockley, which was also outside it to the 
south-east. Ewhurst was bounded by the works on 
the south-west. Shiere enveloped it to the north- 
west, north, and east, bounded by its ditches. But 
across a strip of 200 yds. of Shiere on the east were 
three patches of Ewhurst, Cranleigh, and the far- 
distant Ockham, and just outside these the old parish 
of Abinger. An archer on the banks in Ockley 
parish could have shot into four other parishes with 
ease, and nearly into Abinger. The bits of 
Ewhurst, Cranleigh, and Ockham were on habitable 
ground, with wood and water. 

The visitor to Holmbury Hill is not usually 
interested in the banks and ditches as his first object. 
It commands what may fairly challenge the place of 
the finest view in Surrey. The whole expanse of the 
Weald, with the South Downs as a background, from 
Portsdown Hill to Lewes ; the adjacent range of sand 
hills, with Leith Hill forming a half distance on the 
one hand and Pitch Hill on the other ; the Hindhead 
range, with Hampshire behind it, crossing the 
western distance ; the chalk hills to the north and the 
country beyond them offer a panoramic view only 
surpassed by that from Leith Hill, which, 100 ft. 
higher, here cuts off the country to the east. But the 
growth of trees on the back of Leith Hill intercepts 
the sight northward, except from the top of the 
tower. The immediate foreground to Holmbury 
Hill is more broken and picturesque. The Pilgrims' 
Way from Winchester to Canterbury passes north 
of the parish at the foot of the North Downs. 

Close to the west end of Abinger Church, by the 
farm which was the old manor-house of Abinger, is a 
mound which seems to have been raised from a ditch 
round it, part of which remains as a pond. It is 
marked on the Ordnance map (6-in.) as a barrow ; 
but it is large for a barrow, and perhaps not too 
small for a fortress a mota, standing, as often happened, 
close by the church. It has never been explored. 

At Abinger Cross Ways is a fine old brick house, 
dating from the latter half of the lyth century. 
Abinger Hatch, the well-known inn, has ancient 
features, and there are many picturesque farms and 
cottages, especially to the south, in the Weald. 

Abinger Hall, under the chalk down in the north of 
the parish, has succeeded a small house called Daniells 
belonging to a family named Dibble, many of whom 
occur in the Parish Registers. It was bought by the 
Dowager Countess of Donegal after the death of her 
husband in the War of the Spanish Succession, 1 706, 
and she resided here 'during her son's minority," 
which terminated in 1716. It was in the hands of 
her grandson, John Chichester, whose heir was his 
elder brother Arthur, first Marquis and fifth Earl of 
Donegal, who about 1783 sold it with 1 6 acres of 
land to Captain Pitts of the Engineers, who had 
previously bought other land in the neighbourhood.' 
He rebuilt the house, then called Paddington House, 



on the site of the present cricket ground. This house 
was built in 1783." Captain Pitts sold it in 1797 to 
Commodore Robinson of the H.E.I.C. Marine 
Service, who died in 1803.' His executors sold it to 
Mr. Shardon, who died in l8lo. 10 In 1 8 14 it was 
bought by Sir James Scarlett, who became chief 
baron of the Exchequer, was created Lord Abinger, 
and died 1844. The third Lord Abinger sold it in 
1867 to Mr. Gwynne, who sold it to Thomas Farrer, 
subsequently Lord Farrer, in 1869. He built the 
present Abinger Hall in 1872. The second Lord 
Farrer now resides there. 

At the north-eastern edge of Pasture Wood, adjoin- 
ing the Common, is a house called Parkhurst, which 
in 1766 belonged to John Spence, "formerly of 
Wandsworth, Dyer," who sold it in that year to 
Richard Durnford, of Gracechurch Street, pin-maker. 
He in the year 1799 sold the property to Charles 
Lynd, of Berners Street, from whom it passed to his 
nephew and heir, Charles Lynd, of Belfast, and 
was by him conveyed in 1786 to the Right 
Honourable George Lord Macartney, whose greatest 
service was that of going on the first embassy to 
China in 1792. In 1795 he sold Parkhurst to 
William Philip Perrin, who partly rebuilt and 
enlarged the house, and with great public spirit 
made good the road hereabout at his expense. 11 On 
Mr. Perrin's death in 1820 he left Parkhurst to his 
nephew, Sir Henry FitzHerbert, by whom in 1838 
it was sold to Mr. Edmund Lomax, of Netley Park, 
Shiere, who had resided at Parkhurst since before 
1827. Mr. Lomax died in 1847, leaving the estate 
to his daughter, Mrs. Peter Scarlett, from whom it 
passed to her son, Colonel Leopold Scarlett. He in 
1884 sold the property to Colonel T. H. Lewin, its 
present owner, who considerably enlarged the house 
and gardens. There is a priest's hiding-place in the 
north-west corner of the older portion of the house. 

Parkhurst is remarkable for possessing the first 
larch trees introduced into the south of England. 
Tradition has it that the seedlings were sent to 
Lord Macartney, the then owner of Parkhurst, by 
John, Duke of Atholl, in 1780. The trees stand in 
the Long Meadow, on the east side of the park. The 
largest is I oft. 6 in. in circumference, and n8ft. 
high. The park contains remarkably fine timber. 

In all the earlier documents relating to Parkhurst 
prior to 1 8 14 it is described as ' a tenement and farm,' 
but after that year it takes the style of ' mansion.' 

The celebrated scene in Bulwer Lytton's novel, My 
Novel, where Riccabocca is put in the stocks, is laid at 
Abinger Church, near Parkhurst, where the stocks are 
to be seen to this day. During Mr. Spence's tenure 
of Parkhurst he was visited there by the French 
philosopher, Jean Jacques Rousseau, who stayed with 
him some days, but being haunted by fear of spies 
fled in terror, having accidentally met the curate of 
Abinger, who he was persuaded was an emissary of 
the Government. Mr. William Bray, the dis- 
tinguished historian of Surrey, left some diaries 
which have been privately printed, in which the fol- 
lowing entry occurs: 'July 23, 1759. To the 
"Hatch" to dinner, Mr. Evelyn, Mr. Godschal, 
Mr. Bridges, Mr. Steere, Mr. Spence," Mr. Cour- 



fi Surr. Arch, Coll, rvii, 71. 
8 Manning and Bray, Hitt. of Surr. 
ii, 136. 

' Inform, from Lord Farrer. 



8 Leaden tablet found in the founda- 
tions inscribed Henry Pledge November 1 8, 
1783. Tbit House was till. 

9 Monument in church. 10 Ibid. 

130 



11 Manning and Bray, Surr. ii, 136. 

13 'Of Parkhurst, where Rousseau was 
his guest for some time.' This note is 
in Mr. Bray's handwriting. 



WOTTON HUNDRED 



ABINGER 



tenay, and Mr. Walsh there ; left at 7 ; paid for 
dinner and wine, 4*. 6J.' " 

The house called Pasture Wood, built fifteen years 
since, is the seat of Mr. F. J. Mirrielees. Feldemore 
is the seat of Mr. Edwin Waterhouse. High Ashes 
is the seat of Lord Justice Vaughan-Williams ; it 
was a small farm-house, which he has improved. 

The schools (National) were built in 1863, and 
the school at Abinger Hammer in 1873. 

At the time of the Domesday Survey 
MANORS 4BINGER was held by William Fitz 
Ansculf, who also held the honour of 
Dudley. In the time of King Edward a huscarle 
had held it of the king." From Fitz Ansculf the 
overlordship evidently passed with Dudley through 
the Pagenels to the Somery family, who held it at 
least as late as the 1 3th century. The lord of 
Abinger owed suit to their court at Bradfield. 14 

Early in the 1 3th century Gilbert de Abingworth 
(Abinger) held one knight's fee in Surrey ; ls his name 
is also found in a list of the jurors in a suit concerning 
land in Tilings. 17 Possibly he was connected with 
the family of Jarpenvill, who appear about this time 
in the history of Abinger. Geoffrey de Jarpenvill 
shortly afterwards held a knight's fee in Abinger; 18 
and in 1273 David de Jarpenvill was holding Abinger 
Manor." At David's death, 1293, the manor, which 
should have passed to his daughters, fell into the 
hands of his brother Thomas, who in 1295 settled it 
on himself, with remainder to his son Roger and Nora 
his wife." Evidently Roger succeeded his father 
before 1316, for about that date he was concerned in 
a dispute touching the church of Abinger," and in 
1322 he was holding the manor." Ten years later 
he made a settlement on his son Thomas and Avice 
his wife, daughter of William de Latimer. The 
effect of this settlement, however, was nullified by a 
suit brought against Thomas de Jarpenvill in 1 348 
by Margaret wife of Henry de la Marlere, and 
Margery wife of William de Harpesbourne,the daugh- 
ters of Joan daughter of David de Jarpenvill, who had 
married Geoffrey Fitz Waryn. 15 Also in 1360 Sir 
John de Aylesbury, knight, the great-grandson of 
Margaret, another daughter of David de Jarpenvill, 
asserted his claim against Thomas and Avice." The 
plaintiffs apparently succeeded in ousting Thomas de 
Jarpenvill, for some years later Hugh son of Margaret 
de la Marlere released his right in Abinger Manor to 
Sir John de Aylesbury, 14 a course which was also 
followed by Margery Franklin, formerly the wife of 
William de Harpesbourne.* 6 Sir John de Aylesbury, 
who filled the office of high sheriff for the county of 
Buckingham," died in 1409 seised of the manor of 



Abinger,* 8 and was succeeded by his son Thomas, who 
held until his death in 141 8. John son and heir of 
Thomas, who was a minor at the time of his father's 
death, died in 1422,' leaving Hugh his son and heir, 
an infant, who survived his father only about a year." 
The heirs of Hugh were his father's two sisters, Isabel 
wife of Sir Thomas Chaworth, knight, and Eleanor 
Aylesbury. Evidently in some ensuing division of 
the property " Abinger fell to the share of Eleanor, 
and through her marriage with Sir Humphrey Stafford 
passed into his family.'* Eleanor's son Humphrey, 















V 




X 




AYLISBURV. Azure 
a cross argent. 



STAFFORD. Or a che- 
veron gulel. 



who had been one of the leaders in Lord Level's 
Worcestershire rising, was attainted and executed at 
Tyburn in 1486 ;" his lands, including the manor of 
Abinger, were granted to Sir John Guldeford, knight," 
who, however, does not seem to have retained them 
long, for in 1511 another grant was made, to Sir 
Richard Jermigan.* 6 Before 1546, however, Abinger 
passed again into the possession of the Staffords ; in 
that year Humphrey, presumably the son of that 
Humphrey who was attainted under Henry VII, 
having been restored to his father's lands died in 
possession," leaving Humphrey his son and heir, 
whose death took place two years later. 38 In 1551 Sir 
William Stafford and his wife Dorothy, and Sir Hum- 
phrey Stafford (presumably son and heir of the last- 
named Humphrey) and his wife Elizabeth sold the 
manor to Thomas and Edward Elrington. Thomas 
Elrington held a court in 1563." In 1578 and 
1580 Thomas and Edward alienated in two moieties* 
to Richard Brown of Cranleigh, trustee for Richard 
Hill, and William Morgan of Chilworth. Hill and 
Morgan held a court as joint lords in 1586, and in 
1589 William Morgan settled his moiety on his son 
John, 41 who settled it on his daughter Anne on her 
marriage with Edward Randyll of Chilworth 1602." 
He was knighted, and in 1622 conveyed his moiety 
to Richard Evelyn. 43 The other moiety, which was 
sold in 1580 by the Elringtons to Richard Browne 44 
in trust for Edmund Hill of Sutton in Shiere, was 
conveyed by his son Richard in 1595 to Sir Oliph 



18 Inform kindly supplied by Lieut.- 
Col. T. H. Lcwin of Parkhurst. 

" y..C.H.Surr. i, jzza. 

15 Chan. Inq. p.m. I Edw. I, no. 15. 

" Red Bk. of Exch. (Roll. Ser.), ii, 
560. 

" Rot. Cur. Reg. (Rec. Com.), i, 140. 

18 Testa de Nevill (Rec. Com.), 220. 

19 Chan. Inq. p.m. I Edw. I, no. 1 5. 
80 Feet of F. SUIT. 23 Edw. I, no. 44. 
11 Egerton MSS. 2031, fol. 46. 

B Feet, of F. Surr. 6 Edw. Ill, no. 13. 

" Parl. R. (Rec. Com.), vi, 191. 

14 De Banco R. 421, m. 265 d. 

" Close, 30 Edw. Ill, pt. i, m. 9 d. 

"Close, i Ric. II, m. i6d. Man- 
ning and Bray (Surr. ii, 137) jay that 
Thomas de Jarpenvill conveyed the manor 



to Sir John Aylesbury by charter, 44 Edw. 
III. This may have been by way of an 
agreement after the suit. 

Cal.Pat. 1381-5, p. 481. 

88 Chan. Inq. p.m. 1 1 Hen. IV, no. 9. 

Ibid. 6 Hen. V, no. 35. 

80 Ibid. 10 Hen. V, no. 3. 

81 Ibid. 2 Hen. VI, no. II. 
Fine R. 2 Hen. VI, m. I. 

88 Although no actual record of this 
marriage has been found, the circumstan- 
tial evidence seems fairly conclusive i 
Humphrey Stafford left a widow Eleanor, 
and her son Humphrey inherited Abinger j 
Cal. Pat. 1476-85, p. II. 

84 See Bacon, Hist, of Hen. Vll (ed. 

'878), 333- 

Pat. 2 Hen. VII, pt. i, m. 18. 



" L. and P. Hen. VIII, i, 214. 
*l Exch. Inq. p.m. (Ser. 2), bdle. 1093, 
no. I. 

88 Chan. Inq. p.m. (Ser. 2), Ixxxvii, 77. 

89 Feet of F. SUIT. East. 5 Edw. VI. 

40 Pat. 21 Eliz. pt. vi ; Feet of F. SUIT. 
Hil. 22 Eliz. 

41 A settlement on John's marriage 
with Anne Lumsford, widow, daughter of 
John Love of Winchelsea ; Chan. Inq. 
p.m. (Ser. 2), cclxxxi, 85. 

4 " Ibid, ccccxxxvii, 72. 

48 Deeds in possession of the late Mr. 
W. J. Evelyn. Despite the inquisitions of 
1603 George Evelyn was then possessed 
of only the other moiety. 

44 Feet of F. Surr. Hil. 22 Eliz. ; 
Trin. 23 Eliz. 



A HISTORY OF SURREY 



Leigh of Addington, 46 to avoid making sale ' of any 
lands of his more ancient inheritance.' This convey- 
ance was probably in trust, for in the same year it 
was acquired by George Evelyn of Wotton. 46 The 
whole manor is still in the possession of the Evelyn 
family. 47 

The Domesday entry for PADDINGTON (Patis- 
dene, Patinden, xii cent. ; Padyngden, xvi cent.), 
afterwards known as PADDINGTON PEMBROKE, 
states that William Fitz-Ansculf then held it, and that 
a huscarle had held it of King Edward. 48 The over- 
lordship passed, as in the case of Abinger, with the 
honour of Dudley. 49 

The first notice of immediate lords of the 
manor occurs in 1188, when William Buffere 50 paid 
seven pounds fourteen shillings towards the ferm 
of Paddington. William Buffere gave shelter 
to a certain outlaw named Avice Wylekin, 
which occasioned the forfeiture of his lands to the 
Crown. 51 A grant was then made to Alan Trencher- 
man, lord of Gomshall, who is described as holding 
the 'vill' of Paddington ;** his tenure marks the 
beginning of a close connexion which apparently 
existed between a portion of Paddington and the 
manor of Gomshall. At Alan's death Paddington 
reverted to the Crown, and was then granted to 
William de Braose, 58 who fell under King John's dis- 
pleasure, and had to flee from England. He died 



abroad, and his wife and son were put to death by 
order of King John." Paddington meanwhile was 
granted to Peter de Maulay," but afterwards Giles, 
Bishop of Hereford, a younger son of William de 
Braose, succeeded in recovering it. 66 Reginald, bro- 
ther of Giles, was the next 
lord ; he was succeeded by 
his son William," who met 
his death in the Welsh wars. 
Paddington then passed to 
Eva, daughter of William de 
Braose, who had married Wil- 
liam de Cantlow," and on 
the death of her son George 
without issue the manor passed 
to John, son of his sister 
Joan by Henry de Hast- 
ings. 59 John de Hastings died 
seised in 1325, leaving a son and heir Lawrence. 60 
Part of the manor seems to have been leased by Law- 
rence to his nephew, William de Hastings, whose 
tenure was probably, by the date of his death, ended 
by the Black Death of 1 349. The inquisition on 
his death is among the many evidences of the 
severity of the visitation, for it records that 
almost all the tenants were then dead. 61 John 
son and heir of Lawrence committed Paddington 
to the charge of trustees, who apparently held it for 




HASTINGS, Earl of 
Pembroke. Or a ileeve 
gules. 




ABINGER : MILL HOUSE 



* Feet of F. Surr. Hit 37 Elii. ; Close, 
37 Eliz. pt. vi. 

W. J. Evelyn, eq., Deeds. 

4 ' For an account of the family, ee 
under Wotton. 

8 V.C.H. Surr. i, J22J. 

Chan. Inq. p.m. 19 Edw.I, no. 14. 



40 Pipe R. 34 Hen. Ill, m. 2 d. 

" Testa de Nrvill (Rec. Com.), 224. 

M Pipe R. 2 John, m. 1 5 d. 

" Rot. Cart. (Rec. Com.), i, 1 34*. 

" Matt. Parit, Ckron. Maj. (Rolls Ser.), 

5*3. S3 1 -*- 

Testa de Nevill (Rec. Com.), 224. 

132 



w Cal. Pat. 1225-32, pp. 194, 205 j 
Rot. Lit. Claus. i, 238*. 

7 Pat. 32 Hen. Ill, m. 10. Ibid. 

69 Exch. Inq. (Ser. i), file 2, no. 7. 

60 Chan. Inq. p.m. 18 Edw. II, no. 83, 
m. 6-7. 

l Ibid. 23 Edw. Ill (znd pt. istnos.), 37. 



WOTTON HUNDRED 



ABINGER 



\/ 




NIVILL. Gules a sal- 
tire argent with a rose 
gules thereon. 



his heirs. His widow Anne was holding part of 
Paddington in dower at her death in 1384 ; she left 
a son and heir John, who was then fifteen years of 
age. 65 John married Philippa, daughter of the Earl 
of March, 64 but had no issue ; and after his death in 
1590 Philippa became the wife of Richard, Earl of 
Arundel, and held Paddington in dower. 65 After the 
death of Richard, 66 who held the manor for life, the 
trustees enfeoffed by John de Hastings the elder re- 
leased the manor to William de Beauchamp, his 
kinsman, on condition of his assuming the title of Earl 
of Pembroke, 67 from which title it took the name of 
Paddington Pembroke. After the death of William 
his wife Joan held Padding- 
ton in dower, 68 and at her 
death it passed to the family 
of Nevill by the marriage of 
Edward Nevill with Elizabeth 
daughter of Richard Beau- 
champ, the son of William and 
Joan. 69 Edward Nevill died 
seised in I476, 70 leaving George 
Nevill his son and heir, then 
aged thirty-six. Probably the 
manor remained in the hands 
of the Nevills from this 
time until it passed to the Evelyns, since George 
Nevill, lord of Abergavenny, was holding it in the time 
of Elizabeth, 71 and it formed part of the possessions of 
the Edward Nevill who died in 1623." Six years later 
Henry Nevill, lord of Abergavenny, conveyed the 
manor to Richard Evelyn," from whom it descended 
with Wotton to the present owner. 

The manor of PADDINGTON BK.AT, which 
still retains a separate identity, may perhaps be 
identified with the three hides which were held of 
Paddington Manor by a certain Hugh, a homager, 
in 1086. Later they seem to have been held in 
demesne by William and Eva de Cantlow, who, in 
1250, sub-enfeoffed Adam de Gurdon of the ' manor ' 
of Paddington." Adam de Gurdon died in 1305," 
leaving a daughter and heir Joan, aged ' 40 and 
more.' No record of Joan's death has been found, 
but in 1 3 37 Agnes de Gurdon, presumably a kins- 
woman, died seised, leaving as her heir Thomas son 
of Thomas de Syndlesham. 76 He was followed by 
his son Thomas, "who died in 1361, and his kinsman 
Robert de Lenham is named as his heir in the in- 
quisition taken after his death. 78 There is, however, 
record of a conveyance by Thomas de Syndlesham 
of his share in the manor during his lifetime to one 
John Kingesfold, who afterwards alienated to William 
Rykhill. 79 The next lord of whom there is record, 
after William Rykhill, is a certain Robert White, 
who was holding about 1475.* His daughter Alice, 
by her marriage with Sir John Yonge, brought her 
share in Paddington to his family, and it was inherited 




BRAY. Argent a ckeve- 
ron between three eagles' 
legs torn of at tile thigh 
sable. 



by her son John Yonge, who in 1492 conveyed it to 
John Leigh. 81 

After the death of John Leigh in I524 81 his 
nephew and heir of the same name ceded his Surrey 
property to the king in return for lands in other 
counties ; "* and the king soon after granted Padding- 
ton to Sir William Roche, 84 from whom it ultimately 
passed to the family of Bray, 
and thus obtained its name of 
Paddington Bray. In 1556 
Owen Bray alienated to Owen 
Elrington, 84 with whom he 
was connected by marriage. 86 
Edward Elrington alienated 
the manor in two moieties as 
in the case of Abinger, and 
here also one moiety passed to 
William Morgan. 87 John Mor- 
gan, the son of William, sold 
his share inPaddington to Sir 
Christopher Parkins, 88 whose 
widow Anne transferred it to 

Richard Evelyn in i624. 89 The other moiety passed 
with the second moiety of Abinger to the Evelyn 
family through the hands of Richard Browne, Richard 
Hill, and Oliph Leigh. 

Some land in Paddington belonged to the mon- 
astery of St. Mary Graces on Tower Hill, 90 and was 
after the Dissolution granted to John Leigh under 
the title of ' Paddington Manor.' 91 It seems pos- 
sible that this land was identical with the hide of 
land in Gomshall which was said in 1086 to be in 
the hundred of Wotton. 91 

There was a water-mill at Paddington which is 
first mentioned in Domesday as worth 6s., and again 
in the inquisition taken after the death of Adam 
de Gurdon as worth lo/. 3^. Possibly it stood on the 
site of the existing mill on the Tillingbourne just 
above Abinger Hammer. 

The church of ST. JAMES con- 
CHURCHES sists of a chancel 29 ft. 7 in. long and 
1 8 ft. wide, a large north chapel with 
arcade of three bays 38 ft. 4 in. long and 17 ft. gin. 
wide, a south vestry and organ bay, a nave 47 ft. 9 in. 
long and 1 8 ft. wide, a south porch and western bell- 
turret. The roofs are covered with Horsham slates. 

The present nave is that of an early 12th-century 
church which had a chancel smaller than the present 
one. About 1220 this chancel was rebuilt and made 
equal in width to the nave, and a north chapel was 
added at the same time or very soon after. From 
that date the building remained little altered to 
modern times, when a south vestry and organ bay were 
added and a south porch built (1857). The bell-turret 
is old, but of uncertain date. The east window of 
the chancel consists of three modern lancets. Below 
the sill is a moulded string-course with bosses which 



* a Chan. Inq. p.m. 49 Edw. Ill, no. 70. 
Ibid. 7 Ric. II, no. 67. 
61 Placita in Cancellaria, 270. 
65 Cloie, 21 Ric. II, pt. i, m. 6, 7. 
65 Chan. Inq. p.m. 21 Ric. II, no. 2. 
6 ? Cal. Pat. 1399-1401, p. 444. He 
never was Earl of Pembroke. 

68 Chan. Inq. p.m. 14 Hen. VI, no. 35. 

' Ibid. 12 Hen. IV, no. 34. 

7 Ibid. 1 6 Edw. IV, no. 66. 

"' Exch. Dep. Trin. 28 Eliz. no. 14. 

7' Chan. Inq. p.m. (Ser. 2), ccclix, 157. 

' doie, 5 Chii. I, pt. xxvi, no. II. 



' 4 Feet of F. Surr. 34 Hen. Ill, 10. 

" Chan. Inq. p.m. 33 Edw. I, no. 25. 

1* Chan. Inq. p.m. II Edw. Ill (lit 
nos.), no. 3;. 

" Chan. Inq. p.m. 23 Edw. Ill (2nd 
part, ist nos.), no. 137. 

Chan. Inq. p.m. 36 Edw. Ill (pt. 2, 
lit nos.), no. 37. 

' De Banco R. no. 574, m. 379 d. 

90 Early Chan. Proc. bdle. 52, no. 44. 

81 Feet of F. Surr. 5 Hen. VII, no. 25. 

w Chan. Inq. p.m. (Ser. 2), xl, 12. 

L. and P. Hen. VIII, xix ( i ), g. go (20). 

133 



"Ibid, xix (2), g. 166(53). 

84 Pat. 3 & 4 Phil, and Mary, pt. vi. 
m. II. 

*>L. and P. Hen. fill, xvii, 1154) 
Harl. Sac. Publ. xliii, 178. 

W Pat. 21 Eliz. pt vi ; Feet of F. Surr. 
Hil. 22 Eliz. 

88 Feet of F. Surr. Mich. 1 5 Jas. I. 

' Ibid. East. 22 Jas. I. 

90 Partic. for Grants (Aug. Off.), 708. 

M Ibid. 

M r.C.H. Surr. i, 298*. 



A HISTORY OF SURREY 



runs round the south wall as far as the vestry, break- 
ing up to form labels over a trefoiled piscina and a 
single chamfered sedile, both being modern. Above 
is a single trefoiled window in new stone. The 
arcade to the chapel is of three bays with pointed 
arches of two chamfered orders with hollow labels, 
and has been reworked and in part rebuilt. The 
pillars are round, with moulded capitals and bases. 
In the east wall of the chapel are three 13th-century 
lancets with chamfered rear arches, and in the north 
wall three similar lancets, but with external rebates. 
At the west end of the north wall is a small modern 
porch over a doorway which has a pointed arch of 
two orders with a label, the inner order having a raised 
zigzag moulding. The outer order has jamb-shafts 
with foliate capitals and shafts, one capital and per- 
haps a little of the label being late 12th-century 
work, but all the rest is modern or reworked. It is 
clearly not in its original position. In the west wall 
of the chapel is a lancet with an external rebate like 
those on the north. 

There is no chancel arch. On the south side the 
nave wall sets back a few inches at the east, but a few 
feet down the nave regains its original I zth-century 
thickness, though setting back here and on the north 
side a little below the windows. Of these there 
are three in the north and south walls, short and 
narrow round-headed lights set high in the wall. 
They date from the beginning of the I2th century, 
but have been a good deal repaired. The south wall 
has at the east a late 15th-century square-headed win- 
dow of three trefoiled lights, inserted to light an altar, 
and the south door is in modern 13th-century style. 
There is a blocked round-headed west doorway show- 
ing internally only, and above it a modern three-light 
window of 14th-century style. 

The organ chamber on the south side of the chancel 
has an arcade of one sub-divided bay. In the south 
wall are two modern lancets ; the vestry adjoining it 
has an outer doorway, a modern lancet opening from 
the chancel, and another on the external wall. The 
chancel and north chapel roofs are modern, but that 
of the nave is old, with canted sides, boarded, and 
with simple beaded fillets, perhaps of 1 7th-century 
date. The font at the west of the nave is modern, 
in I 3th-century style ; and the fittings are all modern 
except the altar table, which has some carving appar- 
ently of 18th-century date. 

There are three bells ; two bear the inscription 
' William Eldridge made mee, 1 674 ' ; the third 



was recast by Mears and Stainbank in 1880, but 
was probably originally of the same date as the 
others. 

The plate consists of a silver cup, with cover paten, 
a plate, and a flagon, all with the London hall-mark of 
1 736. They are inscribed, ' The gift of the Countess 
of Dongall and the Earl her son.' There is a brass 
almsdish presented in 1880 by Miss M. A. Roe. 

The Registers date from 1599. 

At Forest Green, a common with scattered houses 
about it, in this district, 3 miles to the south, for- 
merly an outlying part of Ockley, is a small church 
consisting of a nave and chancel, in brick with, stone 
dressings, built by Mr. Ernest Hensley, of Sprats- 
ham on the borders of Wotton and Abinger, in 1897, 
in memory of his son who died by an accident. 

There is no mention in Domes- 
4DPOWSONS day Book of a church in Abinger ; 
no record of it has been found until 
a presentation by Adam de Gurdon at some date between 
1282 and I3O4. 95 In the I4th century the church 
appears as the parish church of Abinger alias the 
parish church of Paddington ; " and the fact that it 
served the spiritual needs of both manors probably 
accounts for alternate presentation by either lord. 
Accordingly, between 1305 and 1316, Thomas de 
Jarpenvill presented to the church ; 9S and about the 
same time his son Roger occasioned grave scandal by 
laying violent hands upon the rector. The next pre- 
sentation was made by one Henry de Somerburie ; 
the living, however, once more fell vacant before 
1316, and presentation was then made by Roger de 
Jarpenvill. 96 It is possible that the more intricate 
succession to the manor of Paddington may account 
for the tenants' apparent carelessness in taking their 
turn at nominating ; at any rate, the next presenta- 
tion was again made by a member of the Jarpenvill 
family. Some time before 1366 Thomas de Syndle- 
sham, the Paddington tenant, took advantage of his 
turn, and shortly afterwards Thomas de Jarpenvill 
presented. 97 About this date we find a pronounce- 
ment of the union of the two halves, 98 and from that 
time the advowson, with an occasional variation, 
remained in the hands of the lords of Abinger, and 
is now in the gift of Mr. Evelyn. The exceptions to 
be noted are a presentation by the Crown in 1638 ; 
by one Henry Herbert in 1683 ; and by Joseph OfHey 
in 1685." 

Smith's Charity is distributed as in 



CHAR11T 



other Surrey parishes. 



CAPEL 



The parish of Capel is bounded on the north by 
Dorking, of which it was formerly a part, on the east 
by Leigh and Newdigate, on the south by the county 
of Sussex, on the west by Wotton and Ockley. A 
part of Capel lying across the north of Ockley sepa- 
rates that parish from Dorking. The body of Capel 
parish is 4 miles from north to south and \\ miles 
east to west, but this projecting tongue makes the 
breadth at the north end 3 miles. It contains 
5,680 acres of land and 1 5 of water. The soil of 



93 Egcrton MS. 2031, fol. i. 

94 De Banco R. 574, m. 379 d. 



the greater part is Wealden Clay, but the north-west 
part abuts upon the high Green Sands of Leith Hill 
and Coldharbour Common, rising to 900 ft. above 
the sea. In this part of the parish there was a land- 
slip in the reign of Elizabeth, recorded by Camden 
and Aubrey, when the sand slipped upon the under- 
lying clay and made a precipitous scar in the side of 
the hill, even now visible for many miles from the 
southward. The place was called Constable's Mosses ; 
Constable resided at a farm still called Mosses. The 



Ibid. m. 46. 

96 Egerton MS. 2033, fol. I. 

'34 



"7 Ibid. 
98 Ibid. 



99 Inst. Bk. (P.R.O.). 




ABINGER : PARKHURST 




ABINGER CHURCH : NAVE LOOKING EAST 



WOTTON HUNDRED 



road running under or across this landslip from Cold- 
harbour to Leith Hill since 1896 a public road, 
before that date private (though a public footpath 
existed and a public bridle-track crossed it) is called 
Cockshott's Road, from a farm at the end of it ; and 
may fairly claim to be among the most picturesque 
roads in the south of England. The road slipped 
again badly about 1866. Capel parish is traversed 
by the main road from Dorking to Horsham, made 
in 1755, and the northern part by the old road from 
London to Arundel through Coldharbour, diverted 
since 1896 in its course from Coldharbour Common 
towards Ockley as a part of the transactions for open- 
ing Cockshott's Road. The London, Brighton, and 
South Coast Railway line to Portsmouth passes through 
the parish, in which lies Holmwood Station, opened 
in 1867. The parish is agricultural except for small 
brick and tile works. There are open commons at Beare 
Green, Misbrook's Green, Clark's Green, and Cold- 
harbour Common or Mosses' Hill, so called from the 
farm mentioned above. Many small pieces of waste were 
brought into cultivation early in the igth century. 

There is one conspicuous work of antiquity in the 
parish now. On the hill called Anstiebury, formerly 
Hanstiebury, above Coldharbour, 800 ft. above the 
sea taken from Dorking and added to Capel by the 
Local Government Act of 1894 is a fin; prehistoric 
fortification. A nearly circular top of a hill has been 
surrounded by banks and ditches, triple upon the 
most exposed sides, but probably never more than 
single and now completely obliterated for a short 
space on the south, where the slope is nearly perpen- 
dicular, and where some old digging for sandstone 
seems to have gone on. The space inside the inner 
bank is about 1 1 acres, the shape an ellipse, roughly 
speaking. The hill is thickly planted. Mr. Walters, 
of Bury Hill, Dorking, owned it and began the 
planting which makes the shape of the works harder 
to see, in summer time especially. There is a damp 
spot inside where a water supply might have been 
found, and a good water supply in a shallow well 
in a cottage garden close outside it. The entrance to 
the north-east, where a grass road comes through the 
banks, is not the original entrance, but was made 
when part of the interior was cultivated, after 
Mr. Walters' time, for access by carts. The entrance 
was more probably on the north side, nearly opposite 
the gate which leads into the wood from Anstie Lane. 
A path here crosses the banks diagonally, flanked in 
its course by the innermost bank, here higher than 
elsewhere. Flint arrow-heads are said to have been 
found in or near the works, and also coins near it, 
but exact records are lacking. 

The work is the largest of its kind in Surrey, next 
to the inclosure on St. George's Hill. 

Anstie Farm, north-east of the hill on the high 
ground, 1 still held of the manor of Milton, is no 
doubt Hanitega, held of that manor in 1086, but it is in 
Dorking parish, not Capel. The land reached down 
to the Roman road eastward, and to the old road from 
Dorking westward. Either might be the ' highway ' 
which probably named the place. 

The Stone Street enters Capel close by Bucking- 
hill Farm and leaves it close to Anstie Grange Farm. 
It has been traced for the entire length in the parish, 



CAPEL 

and excavated by the writer. Two or three feet of 
the centre of the causeway were found intact in the 
ground, made of flints set in cement, as hard as a 
wall. It is unused now throughout, except for a very 
few yards near Beare, where it coincides with a private 
road. In the field opposite Beare its course is very 
visible. It goes up the hill in the copse called Round 
Woods in a slight cutting ; it leaves the new house 
called Minnick Fold on the right and Minnick Wood 
Farm on the left. It was excavated in Perry Field, 
the field beyond, which was not cultivated until 
after 1824. 

Capel was the old Waldeburgh or Waleburgh 
borough of Dorking ; the borough or tithing in the 
Weald. It was a chapelry of Dorking till late 1 3th 
or early 141(1 century.' 

The (National) school was built in 1826 and 
enlarged in 1872. 

There is a Wesleyan chapel, and a Friends' meet- 
ing house. 

The Society of Friends was early established, and is 
still well represented in Capel. The Bax family, who 
lived at Pleystowe and Kitlands at opposite ends of 
the parish, were among Fox's earliest converts, and 
are often mentioned in his Journal. The Steeres and 
Constables were other families of Friends. At Pley- 
stowe a meeting was held which was as old as any in 
the county ; a burying-ground was made on Richard 
Bax's ground there in 1672. The meeting house 
in Capel was built in 1725.* 

There are a number of important old houses in 
and around the parish. One of these is still called 
Temple Elfande, or Elfold. The name belonged to a 
manor of the Templars transferred to the Hospitallers 
which had no preceptory attached. 4 The name Tour- 
nament Field, and other such names occurring in the 
18th-century leases, are most likely an invention of 
the Cowpers in the 1 7th century. For tournaments, 
always forbidden by law, would not have been 
habitually held at a small preceptory, had there been 
one here, of which there is no evidence. The 
present house is in substance of mid- 16th-century 
date, and was built by Sir Richard Cowper. It 
is built of narrow red bricks and half-timber work, 
chiefly covered with tile-hanging, and with stone 
slabs on the roofs, and was evidently much larger 
at one time, as, besides an entire wing, now long 
since pulled down, foundations of out-buildings and 
of garden and courtyard walls are met with in 
digging. A curious feature outside is a cross-shaped 
loophole over the front entrance. Some excellent 
and rare encaustic tiles, 5$ in. square, have been 
dug up lately on the site, the patterns of which help 
to give the date of the house as not long after 1541. 
The character of the older chalk fireplaces inside con- 
firms this date. There are also the usual farm-house 
fireplace, with a great beam over the opening, of 
great width and depth, several large carved oak 
brackets supporting the beam-ends of the upper 
stories, the pilasters of a stone doorway, and many 
original doors of good design, besides panelling of 
several dates. The loftiness of some of the rooms 
on the first floor is noteworthy, as are the coved or 
cradled plaster ceilings of the upper passages. It had 
for long sunk to the position of a mere farm-house 



1 Manning and Bray, Surr. i, 570, curi- 
ously misdescribed Anstie Farm as ' at the 



foot of the hill southward,' confusing it 
with Kitlands. 

9 See the account of the advowson. 

135 



' Books lately in custody of Mr. Marsh 
of Dorking. 

* See Lewes MS. 200, foL 64. 



A HISTORY OF SURREY 



before passing into the hands of the present tenant, 
Captain Harrison, R.N. 

Aldhurst Farm, rather nearer to the village, is 
another ancient house, although of less consideration. 
It has evidently been extended and partially rebuilt 
more than once, but the nucleus is still that of an 
early 16th-century timber house, with very low ceil- 
ings and stone-slab roof. Inside, an old staircase and 
some good doors are to be seen. In the wooded 
bottom to the south-west several fine footprints of the 
iguanodon were found in grubbing up trees some years 
ago, and are now preserved here. 

Taylor's is a picturesque house still retaining as 
a nucleus the timber open-roofed hall of mid- 14th- 
century date, and also an oak screen of roughly 
gouged-out timbers and moulded beams of the same 
exceptionally early date. There are good panelled 
rooms of later date, and the 1 5th, i6th, and 17th- 
century additions all present interesting features. 
Externally most of the timber construction is masked 
by modern tile hanging. 

Greenes is another ancient house, once much 
larger, and still showing a timber hall about 1 8 ft. 
wide internally, divided up at a later date into floors, 
but still boasting some fine massive oak trusses and 
story-posts, with moulded arched braces and king-posts 
over. A smaller hall, about 1 5 ft. wide, detached 
from the other, and now used as a stable, appears to 
be but a fragment of a range of timber buildings. It 
also has a series of huge roof-trusses of king-post 
construction and arched braces of four-centred shape. 
These two halls appear to be of late 14th-century and 
early 15th-century date respectively. 

Osbrooks, formerly Holbrooks and Upbrooks, after 
passing through the farm-house stage, has of late 
years been carefully restored, and now presents a 
most interesting example of the country gentle- 
man's house of the end of the l6th or an early 
part of the iyth century. It is mostly of timber 
framing, filled in with herring-bone brickwork. Its 
tiled roofs and good groups of chimneys, the many 
gables with their barge-boards, the mullioned win- 
dows, and the porch with open balustrades to the 
sides, combine to produce, with the wooded glen and 
winding stream in the rear, a most picturesque whole. 

Bonet's or Bonnet's Farm is another ancient house 
of quite exceptional beauty and interest, although 
shorn of its ancient proportions. The present front 
has been modernized, but in the rear are two fine 
gables, projecting with brackets over the ground and 
first floors. These show timber framing, with an 
oriel window, stone-slab roofs, leaded glazing, and 
two exceptionally good brick chimneys. 

Other old farm-houses and cottages in the parish, 
such as Pleystowe and Ridge, are well worthy of 
examination for the features of antiquity to be 
found in them ; and in Capel village a picturesque 
piece of half-timber work, with a good chimney 
and roof, may be noted among others. There 
are now two old inns the Crown Inn, origi- 
nally a farm-house, adjoining the churchyard on the 
south, and the ' King's Head.' The former has 
half-timber gables, with pendants at the apex of the 
barge-boards, on one of which is carved ' W S. 1687.' 

Broomells is now a new house. The name, as 
Brome, occurs in a charter of the 1 3th century. 4 " 



It is not to be confounded with Broome Hall, the 
seat of Sir A. Hargreaves Brown, bart. The latter 
large house, in a commanding situation under Leith 
Hill, was mainly built by Mr. Andrew Spottiswoode, 
the king's printer, circa 1830. It was afterwards the 
seat of Mr. Labouchere, and then of Mr. Pennington, 
M.P. for Stockport. Sir A. Hargreaves Brown made 
extensive additions to it. It used to be called Lower 
House, but it is mentioned by Aubrey as Broomhall. 

Kitlands, the property of Mr. A. R. Heath, is on 
the site of a farm which is mentioned in the Court 
Rolls in 1437. The house was reconstructed by 
degrees by Mr. Serjeant Heath, who bought it in 
1824, and by Mr. D. D. Heath, his son, uncle 
to the present owner. But part of the interior is the 
old timber building of circa 1500. The place was 
held by the Bax family from 1622 to 1824, a very 
unusually long tenure of the same farm by a yeoman 
family, notwithstanding many vague statements of 
other immemorial holdings. 

Arnolds, formerly called Arnold's Beare, was rebuilt 
by Mr. Bayley in 1885. Mrs. Bayley, his widow, 
has recently sold it. The Arnolds were also land- 
holders in Betchworth. Beare, now called Beare- 
hurst, the seat of Mr. Longman, and Beare Green, near 
Holmwood Station, show that the name Beare, which 
occurs in the Court Rolls of the I4th century, was 
widely spread. A Walter de la Bere had land in 
Ewekene (Capel) in 1263.* 

Lyne House, the seat of Mr. Evelyn Broadwood, 
is a property bought by Mr. James Tschudi Broad- 
wood circa 1792. 

On the border, within a few yards of Sussex, is 
Shiremark Mill, built in 1774 out of the materials 
of the old Manor Mill at Mill House on Clark's 
Farm. 6 

Coldharbour is an ecclesiastical district formed in 

1850. The church and the principal cluster of cot- 
tages stand in Capel parish. The body of the village 
is still called The Harbour, but Crocker's Farm and 
the cottages opposite used to be called Little Anstie, 
as opposed to Anstie Farm (vide supra). 

The church is higher above the sea than any other 
in Surrey over 800 ft. and the sea is visible from 
the churchyard, through Shoreham Gap. The old 
road from London to Arundel ran through Cold- 
harbour. The original line below the church was in 
the ravine at the lower side of the common, quite 
impassable for wheels. In the old title deeds it is 
referred to as the King's High Way. The village is 
as picturesque as any in England. On a stone in a 
cottage wall, in Rowmount, are the initials 'J. C. 
(John Constable) 1562." The stone has been placed 
in a later wall. Constable's Farm was the house on 
the road a few yards higher up the hill, which may 
very well date from before that time. 

The endowed school was founded by Mr. Robert 
Barclay of Bury Hill before 1819, with 50 a year 
from Government stock. It was further supported 
by subscriptions, and enlarged in 1846, 1851, 1860, 
and 1888. It was a free school from the beginning, 
but the endowment used to provide not only pay for 
the teacher, but a gown and bonnet for the girls, and 
smock-frock and boots for the boys annually. The 
infant school was built by Mr. John Labouchere in 

1851. It was endowed by his family after his death 



Bray ley, Hilt. Surr. v, 73. 



6 Assize R. 47 Hen. Ill, Surr. 
'J- 



R. Deeds in possession of late Rev. T. R. 

O'Fflahertie of Capel. 



136 




CAPEL : SONET'S FARM 



WOTTON HUNDRED 



CAPEL 




KNIGHTS or ST. JOHN. 
Gules a cross argent. 



in 1862. It is now brought under one management 
with the endowed school. 

CAPEL was, and is, for the most part, 
MANORS in the manor of Dorking, though it also 
extends into Milton Manor. Parochially 
it was all included in Dorking. 

From a suit in 1279 it appears that in the reign of 
Henry III John de Elefold had granted lands in Capel 
to the Master of the Templars in England, and his 
son Thomas in that year withdrew from an attempt to 
recover them. 7 In 1 308, when 
the Templars' lands were seized, 
Temple Elfold was among 
them. 8 The land was known 
later as the manor of TEMPLE 
ELF4NDE. With the rest 
of the Templars' lands it passed 
to the Knights of St. John of 
Jerusalem, in accordance with 
a suggestion made by Pope 
John XXII. 9 The Chartu- 
lary of St. John of Jerusa- 
lem 10 describes it in 1308 
as held of the Earl of Warenne, but no service was 
done and no ecclesiastical benefice was supported by 
it. There was a house, and the total value was 
4 i it. 2d. a year. It remained with the Knights 
of St. John till the dissolution of the order, 1539, 
when it appears as Temple Elphaud, in Surrey." 

After the Dissolution it was granted to John 
Williams and Antony Stringer, who conveyed almost 
immediately to William Cowper l> of London, who 
also held land at Horley and in Charlwood, Surrey. 

The Cowper, or (more usu- 
ally) Cooper, family continued 
to hold for nearly two centuries. 
In March 1590-1 John Cow- 
per, serjeant-at-law, the son of 
William Cowper, died, seised 
of a capital messuage in Capel 
called Temple Elephant. 13 In 
the next year John's brother 
Richard, who had the reversion 
of the estate after the death 
of John's widow Julian, who 
survived Richard," also died, 
leaving Richard his son and 
heir, who was then aged eigh- 
teen. 15 The younger Richard, 
afterwards knighted, 16 married, first, Elizabeth Young, 
to whose father Richard the elder had mortgaged 
Temple Elfold, and secondly, Elizabeth daughter of 
Sir Thomas Gresham. He died seised in 1 625." 

His son Richard Cowper or Cooper settled Temple 
Elfold on Barbara Miller his wife, on his marriage in 
1646. She died without issue the same year, and 
Richard resettled the estate on his second wife Sarah 




COWPIR of Temple 
Eltande. Argent a bend 
engrailed between two 
lions sable "with three 
roundels argent on the 
bend. 




BROADWOOD of Capel. 
Ermine two pales vairy 
or and gules and a chief 
vert -with a ring between 
two Jir trees torn up by 
the roots or therein. 



Knightley, in 1 647. His son and heir by her, John, 
settled it on his marriage with Elizabeth Lewin in 
1 67 1. 18 Their son John sold 
it to Ezra Gill of Eashing 
in I7z8. 19 Ezra Gill settled 
the manor, manor-house, and 
park of 1 44 acres, on 1 6 April 
1729, in anticipation of his 
marriage with Mary Woods, 20 
who died 1767, when the 
estate passed to her son Wil- 
liam Gill. He died in 1815, 
and was succeeded by his bro- 
ther Henry Streeter Gill, who 
died in 1 8 1 8." His daughter 
married J. H. Frankland, who 
assumed the name of Gill. 
They sold Temple Elfold in 

1833 to Mr. James Tschudi Broadwood of Lyne 
Capel, whose great-grandson is the present owner. 

The reputed manor of HENFOLD in Capel 
appears first in the reign of Henry VIII. In 1511 
and 1512 the manor of Aglondes More and Hen- 
fold, in East Betchworth, Buckland, and Capel, was 
conveyed by Robert Gaynsford to Sir Henry Wyatt.** 
This was Sir Henry Wyatt, father to Sir Thomas 
Wyatt the poet, who in 1 540 conveyed it to Robert 
Young." Robert died seised of it in 1 548, leaving 
his grandson John, then nine years old, to succeed 
him. 84 John died in 1629, leaving a son and heir 
William," who succeeded him. Henfold, however, was 
probably not a real manor. In 1776 in a court roll of 
the manor of West Betchworth, and again in 1823, 
Henfold is mentioned as in the manor, being broken 
up into several holdings. The name Aglondes More 
has disappeared. The house called Henfold, in Capel, 
is the seat of Mrs. Farnell Watson, and is in the manor 
of West Betchworth. 116 

The church of St. John the Baptist 
CHURCHES (until the early part of the 1 6th cen- 
tury dedicated in honour of St. Law- 
rence) stands on the west of the main road that 
runs north and south through the village, and 
opposite to the road that forks off to the east in the 
direction of Temple Elfold. It is on somewhat 
elevated ground, although the surrounding country is 
flat, and commands pretty and extensive views of 
wooded and pastoral scenery. The churchyard, 
bounded on the east and south by a stone wall, is 
entered through a modern lych-gate, and also by a stone 
stile, ancient at least in idea. A great slab near it 
bears the ripple-marks which are often met with in 
this locality. The path to the south door is of stone 
flags. There is a fine old yew, and also a number of 
cypresses, and among the gravestones are many of the 
1 7th and l8th centuries. 

Until its enlargement in 1865 the church presented 



"' Anize R. no. 879, m. 14. 

8 Dugdale, Man. vi (2), 833. 

9 J. Delaville le Roulx, Doc. concernant 
les Tcm fliers, p. 50, no. xxxviii. 

10 Cotton MS. Nero, E. vi, fol. 141. 

11 Exch. Mini. Accts. 31 & 32 Hen. 
VIII, no. 114, Midd. 

" L.andP. Hen. VIII, riii (i), g. 346 
(3), and g. 226 (79.) 

18 Chan. Inq. p.m. (Ser. 2), ccxxviii, 64. 

14 Deed of 1601 in possession of the late 
Rev. T. R. O'Fflahertie of Capel. Richard 



the elder had mortgaged his reversion and 
Richard the younger reclaimed it. 

14 Chan. Inq. p.m. (Ser. 2), cczxxiii, 104.. 

16 The name ' Lady Cooper," no doubt 
Elizabeth Gresham, is scratched with a 
diamond upon an existing window at 
Temple Elfold. 

>' Chan. Inq. p.m. (Ser. 2), ccccxix, 30. 

18 Deeds copied by the late Rev. T. R. 
O'Fflahertie of Capel. 

19 Deeds quoted by Manning and Bray, 
Hist, of Surr. iii, 597. 

137 



90 Deed communicated by Mr. Percy 
Woods, C.B. 

" V.C.H. Surr. ii, 61 1 ; Feet of F. Surr. 
Trin. 55 Geo. III. 

Feet of F. Surr. Trin. 3 Hen. VIII ; 
East. 4 & 5 Hen. VIII. 

" Ibid. Trin. 32 Hen. VIII. 

M Chan. Inq. p.m. (Ser. 2), Ixxxvii, 
64. 

16 Ibid, cccclxxv, 97. 

48 Rolls copied by the Rev. T. R. O'Ffla- 
hertie of Capel. 

18 



A HISTORY OF SURREY 



a very good example of the hamlet-chapel of the late 
1 2th or early I3th century.* 7 Even now, in spite of 
a new aisle, vestries, and organ-chamber on the north 
side, and other modern alterations, its ancient propor- 
tions and character can be made out without much 
difficulty. It consisted originally of a nave, 42 ft. 3 in. 
long by 22ft. gin. broad, with a western porch, and 
a chancel 25ft. long by 156. gin. in width, with 
roofs of comparatively low pitch on account of the 
exceptional breadth of the nave, and a timber-framed 
bell-turret at the west end, terminating in a short oak- 
shingled spire. The roofs were covered with Horsham 
slabs, and the walls were built of local hard sandstone 
rubble, plastered, with dressings of hard chalk and 
fire-stone from the neighbouring hills. Cracklow's 
view of 1824 shows the church in this state, with the 
three lancet windows in the south wall of the chancel 
and the curious diagonal buttresses at the angles of 
the nave. The chancel had a wooden-framed east 
window under a circular head ; there was no porch 
to the south door (which was the same as the pre- 
sent), the spire of the bell-turret was not so tapering 
as now, and a curious late vestry is shown attached to 
the south side of the west porch. As to the nave 
windows, what appears to be the base of an original 
lancet is shown to the west of the old south door, 
and above it a wooden three-light opening, evidently 
made to light the western gallery, while to the east of 
the doorway is another three-light window, with a 
square hood moulding, which looks like a 16th-century 
insertion. 

With regard to the north and west sides of the 
building, not shown in Cracklow's view, it is not 
difficult to reconstruct the plan on paper with the aid 
of the features still remaining in the actual church. 
The massive west wall, no less than 4 ft. thick, 
remains much as it was erected about 1190. The 
other walls of the nave are 3 ft. in thickness, and 
those of the chancel 2 ft. 9 in., both dimensions being 
exceptional for a comparatively small aisleless building. 
Originally the church had no buttresses, and it seems 
probable that it was lighted by three lancet windows 
on the north side of the nave and two on its southern 
side, of which now no trace remains, the present 
windows being all modern. The west and south 
doorways are original features, and most interesting. 
We cannot now say if there was the usual north door- 
way in the nave, as the aisle of 1865 has made a 
clean sweep of any such ancient features, but it seems 
improbable that there would be three doors in such a 
comparatively small building. The two that remain 
are interesting, the western being slightly the 
narrower 3 ft. 6 in. wide, while the southern 
measures 3 ft. 10$ in. The height of the internal 
opening of the western, which has a semicircular 
head, is altogether exceptional, nearly 1 2 ft. The 
external arch is set much lower, leaving that peculiar 
tympanum between the two heads so often met with, 
and the reason for which is one of the minor problems 
of ecclesiology. Sometimes, as at Trotton Church, 
Sussex, a consecration cross has been found painted 
in this blank space. These doorways also have the 
additional peculiarity that the two apex stones of the 



external arches are left as projecting blocks on the 
inside, as though meant to be carved. This is found 
also in the south doorway of Wanborough Chapel, 
in the west of the county. 18 Both the west and south 
doorways are in hard clunch, or fire-stone, somewhat 
sharply pointed, and of one order. They have hood- 
mouldings, without stops or return ends at the 
springings, of three sides of an octagon in section, the 
inner side being embellished with a continuous border 
of dog-tooth ornament. The original tooling, where 
left, shows somewhat coarse vertical and diagonal 
lines, done with the broad chisel and axe. The 
effect of these severely simple but well-proportioned 
doorways is enhanced by their retaining their original 
wrought-iron strap-hinges, both lower and upper 
hinges having two small ornamental straps with curled 
ends on either side of them. The hinge-straps them- 
selves terminate in similar scrolls. The latch and 
drop-ring handle of the western door appears to be 
old also, and are perhaps original. Although the 
boarding on which this ironwork is mounted is modern, 
the plain ledges across the backs appear to be old. 
There are three steps down into the church at the 
west end and two at the south door ; the latter is set 
to the east of the centre of the nave, instead of to the 
west. 

The original chancel arch has disappeared, and its 
place has been taken by a wider one of early 14th- 
century design in fire-stone, which appears to be 
modern. We may surmise that the ancient arch had 
square jambs, and resembled in design the two door- 
ways. The present tracery window in the east wall 
is also entirely modern, and replaces the wood-framed 
opening of the churchwarden era, shown in Cracklow's 
view, which latter, in all probability, displaced two 
lancet openings of the same character as those in the 
side walls. There were probably three of these in 
either wall, but those on the north side have been 
destroyed in making the organ chamber and vestries. 
The three lancets in the south wall of the chancel are 
the only original windows left in the church. They 
are very interesting examples of their period (c. 1 1 90), 
and have happily passed unscathed through the ordeal 
of restoration. Like the rest of the original ashlaring, 
their dressings are worked in clunch and firestone. 
They have sharply-pointed heads to the external 
openings, the curves being so slight as almost to 
present the appearance of straight lines, 19 and are 
rebated both inside and out, which implies that the 
glazing was originally placed against the outer rebate 
(instead of, as now, in a groove), and that the inner 
rebate was occupied by a shutter. It is not often 
that this double rebate is found. The internal heads 
are splayed equally with the jambs and are almost 
semicircular in outline, the point of the arch being so 
slight as to be unnoticeable. 

Beneath the easternmost lancet is a pretty little 
piscina of the same period. It has a segmental head 
beneath a blind trefoil arch of horse-shoe outline, 
The drain has a small circular dishing. The aumbry, 
of similar form, in the opposite wall is modern. In 
about 1 300 diagonal buttresses with gabled capping- 
stones were added to the angles of the nave. To the 



^ The chapel mentioned in the con- 
firmation of Henry of Blois (see advow- 
lon) must have been a timber building, 
erected perhaps earlier in the I2th cen- 
tury, and probably it would be much 



smaller than the stone chapel that suc- 
ceeded it. 

98 Possibly the projecting stones were 
left to prevent the door being lifted bodily 
off its hinges. 



" In this they recall the lancets of 
the chancel at Chipstead, where the in- 
ternal heads are gabled or triangular in 
form. 



WOTTON HUNDRED 



CAPEL 



same period belongs the western porch, so far as its 
walls are concerned. The doorway, with its pointed 
segmental head, and the square loophole in the 
northern wall, are of this date, but the remarkable roof 
is a survival of the original timber porch, the walls 
being built anew, probably because of the exposed 
situation. Each separate rafter is shaped as a bold 
horseshoe trefoil, as though built for a barge board. 
There is something very suggestive of Saracenic art in 
the whole look of this roof. 

Of the original font, the Sussex marble base alone 
remains, being built in against the nave wall, west of 
the south porch. It shows the common arrangement 
of four angle shafts and a central drum, through 
which the drain was pierced, the latter making a large 
hole in the base. Doubtless the bowl was of square 
form, with perhaps a shallow arcade cut round the 
sides, according to the common type, of which so 
many examples remain in the home counties. 30 The 
modern font is made of serpentine, with some little 
carving and gilding. 

The roofs of the chancel and nave are both 
ancient, and possibly coeval with the original build- 
ing. They are of trussed collar construction, with 
massive tie-beams and wall plates, the latter being of 
enormous scantling, and worked with double hollows 
in the chancel, exactly the same as at West Clandon 
chancel. The posts and beams of the timber bell- 
turret, and its carved braces, appear to have been 
partially renewed. The copings to the gables are 
modern. 

In pre-Reformation wills an altar of our Lady and 
an image of the same are specified. This altar was 
probably on the south of the chancel arch on the 
nave side. An image of St. Lawrence (and probably 
an altar) stood in the chancel. 

To the south wall of the chancel are affixed two 
monuments of some interest, the eastern being that 
of John Cowper and his wife, date I 590. It is com- 
posed of alabaster, with panels of black marble, on 
which is cut the inscription, the whole retaining 
the original colouring in a very perfect state. At 
the apex, within a circular disc, is a shield of Cowper 
impaling argent a fesse between three trefoils sable, 
which are the arms of Blackdenn. This shield 
is festooned with twisted red ribbons, and stands 
within a broken pediment, beneath which and an 
entablature bordered by black marble columns is a 
circular arch. Within this are the kneeling figures 
of John Cowper and his wife, facing each other at a 
fald-stool of graceful design, on which are prayer- 
books. The husband is represented in the scarlet 
robe of a serjeant-at-law, with a coif and a cloak 
over his shoulder. The wife's figure, kneeling on a 
cushion, in the ruff, stomacher, and fardingale of the 
period, is uncoloured probably an indication that 
the monument was put up during her widowhood, 
and that thus the effigy was not completed as to 
colouring by her descendants. The inscription in 
the two panels reads : 

HEARE LYET BVRYED NEER TO THIS MONvl!NT 
IOHN COWPER LATE SERIEANT AT LAWE DECEASED WHO 
WAS BORNE AT HORLYE IN Y E COVNTY OF SVRREY IN 
AO DO : 1539. & AT HIS AGE OF 26 YEARS TORE TO 
WIEFE IVLYAN THE DAVGTER OF CVTHBERT BLACKDENN 



ESQUIOR AND THEN BEGAN TO STVDDY THE CoSTSN LAWE 
IN THE INNER TEMPLE AND THER c5lNVED Z\ YEARES 
WHICH TIME HE SPENT IN THIS MANNER . 8 YEARES 
VNDER THE BARR 8 YEARS AT THE BARR AND 8 
YEARS AT THE BENCHE AND THEN WAS CALLED TO BE 
SERIEANT AT THE LAWE IN W CH DEGREE HE CONTYNVED 
ONE YEARE AND A HAVLFE AND THEN ENDE D HIS LIEFB 
THB 15 DAYE OF MARCHE A I59O, BEING THEN OF THE 
AGE OF 51 YEARS. 

NEC PRIMVS NEC VLT1MVS MVLTI 
ANTECESSERVNT ET OMNES SEQVENTVR. 

Below the inscription panels is an apron of scroll- 
work in alabaster. 

The other monument, to the westward, is also 
finely designed, according to its period, and is in 
Sicilian marble, with Corinthian columns and pedi- 
ment, having at top a cartouche, bearing the family 
arms, and over it the crest of a black lion holding a 
silver tilting-spear. The inscription is as follows : 

" Underneath lyeth the body of ROB T COWPER late of 
London, Gent, a younger son of RICHARD COWPER late 
of Temfle Elfont, Esq' (by SARAH Eldest daughter of 
w" KNIGHTLEY late of Kingston Esq r ) who was Son & 
Heir of s" RICHARD COWPER Kn', by Dame ELIZ. z d 
Daughter of s" THOMAS GRESHAM K" He Dyed y" 
3 d of May 1720, In the 65"* year of his Age. To 
whose Memory this Monum' was Erected by his 
3 Neices, the Daughters & Coheirs of RICHARD 
COWPER late of London Gent. Viz' Sarah the Eldest 
Daughter Wife of John Vincent of Hampstead in the 
County of Midd" Brewer, Mary y" 2 d Daughter, wife 
of Henry Ashton of Hackney in y same County of 
Midd. Gent, and Hannah the youngest Daughter wife 
of RICHARD DAWSON of Lambttk in the County of 
Surry Glass maker." 

In addition to these monuments, Manning and 
Bray give the following : 

' On a brass plate in capitals ' : 

'HERE LYETH THE BODY OF DAME ELIZABETH, THE 
SECOND DAUGHTER OF SIR THOMAS GRESHAM OF LYMS- 
FEILD IN THE COUNTY OF SURREY, KNT., AND WIFE OF 
SIR RICHARD COWPER OF CAPEL IN THE SAID COUNTY, 
KNT. SHEE DECEASED THE XX OF AUGUST ANNO 

DOMINI 1633.' 

' On a brass plate, on a gravestone, in capitals ' : 

' HERE LYETH INTERRED THE BODY OF SARAH COWPER, 
WIFE OF RICHARD COWPER, OF TEMPLE ELFANT IN SURREY, 
ESQ., ELDEST DAUGHTER OF WILLIAM KNIGHTLEY OF 
KINGSTONE-UPON-THAMES, ESQ., HAVING HAD ISSUE SEAVEN 
SONNES & ONE DAUGHTER, AND DECEASED THE 3 DAY OF 
NOVEMBER IN THE 38 YEAR OF HER AGE, ANNO DOMINI 
1662.' 

' On a black marble grave-stone in the chancel in 
capitals, is this inscription' : 

' SARAH, DAUGHTER OF JOHN COWPER ESQ., AGED 9 
MONTHS. DIED THE 22 AUGUST 1676.' 

' On the floor ' : 
'WILLIAM HEWITT, 1760.' 



o A at Beddington, Great Bookham, West Clandon, Frensham, Merstham, Mickleham, Scale, and Worplesdon in 
Surrey ; and many others in Kent, Sussex, Middlesex, &c. 

139 



A HISTORY OF SURREY 



There are no remains of ancient wall paintings or 
glass, but in the nave, chancel, and north aisle are 
many modern stained glass windows, by Clayton & 
Bell and other firms, some very good (as in the aisle 
and the side windows of the chancel), others of poor 
quality. The seating, pulpit, reredos, and other 
fittings are all also modern, but in the vestry are pre- 
served a number of carved pew doors, of 1 7th-century 
date, worked up into a cupboard ; also a wrought 
iron hour-glass stand. 

The registers date from 1653. 

Among the plate is a two-handled cup, of date 
about 1 65 5, evidently a porringer, and very similar in 
design and size to one in use as a communion cup at 
Winterborne Whitchurch, Dorset, which is dated 
1653. There is some repouss6 ornamentation in 
circles on the bowl, with traces of gilding, and the 
handles are S-shaped. Beneath the foot is engraved 
a Tudor rose within a beaded circle. The bowl has 
at some time been soldered to the foot, which 
was probably higher originally. There are patens 
of 1781 and 1786, some modern pieces; and a 
pewter plate bearing (i) the name RICHARD KING, and 
devices of two bears or badgers flanked by fluted 
columns ; (2) a crowned rose, with a word beginning 
' GRA . . ' ; and (3), s over BE. 

Of the six bells two are I gth century, two are by 
Thomas Mears, and dated 1797, and no. 4 and 5 
bear the following inscriptions respectively : 

'OUR HOPE IS IN THE LORD R.E. 1605,' and ' OMNIA 
HABENT FINEM R.E. I 593,' 

the initials in both cases being those of Richard 
Eldridge, a well-known Surrey founder. 

CHRIST CHURCH, COLDH4RBOUR, was built 
in 1 848 at the expense of Mr. Labouchere, of Broome 
Hall. The Duke of Norfolk gave the ground in the 
waste of the manor. It has a plain nave and chancel 
in 13th-century style, with rather a fine pointed arch 
between them. The church is of local stone, with 
chalk dressings. There is a stone bell-turret on the 
west end. It was refitted, and an organ chamber 
added in 1904 by Sir A. Hargreaves Brown in 
memory of his mother. The heads on the corbels at 
the spring of the arch over the east window outside 
are portraits of Mr. John Labouchere the founder 
and of Mrs. Labouchere. 

Capel was originally a chapelry of 
Dorking. The chapel, which gives 
its name to the parish, seems first 
mentioned in a confirmation by Henry de Blois, 
Bishop of Winchester 1129-71, of the grants of 
churches, &c., given to the Priory of Lewes by the 
Earls of Warenne. He confirms to them ' Ecclesiam 
de Dorking cum Capella de la Wachna.' The charter 
is witnessed by Robert, Archdeacon of Surrey, who 
witnessed the charter of Henry to Waverley in 
1130." This seems to be Capel ; for in 1361 Adam 
atte Plesshette granted land which had been held by 
Edith Pipestre of the grant of Maurice de Ewekne 



lying in the parish ' Capelle de Ewekene,' along with 
land in Ockley at Henhurst which is on the border 
of Capel." In Pope Nicholas's taxation of 1291 
' Dorking cum Capella ' is the style of Dorking 
parish ; so that it would appear that Capel became 
first called a separate parish between 1291 and 1361. 
This was possibly about 1334-7, when the church of 
Dorking with Capel was transferred from Lewes 
Priory to Reigate Priory, just founded by the last 
Earl of Warenne and Surrey. 8 * The tithes of Capel 
were let immediately afterwards ; ** and the whole 
revenue was entirely at the disposal of the priory, and 
was granted to Lord William Howard with Reigate 
Priory at the Dissolution. The lay impropriator hence- 
forth paid what he chose to the curate-in-charge of 
Capel. This state of things existed until 1868, when 
an endowment was raised by neighbouring landowners. 

Charles Lord Howard of Effingham, son of Lord 
William Howard, leased the rectory, as it was called, 
and possibly the advowson also, to John Cowper, 28 
May 1587. Julian Cowper, John's widow, conveyed 
to Richard Cowper, John's nephew and eventual 
heir, in 1603." The Cowpers of Temple Elfold 
in Capel conveyed the lease to other persons for terms 
of years only, and in 1644 Mr. Richard Cowper had 
the advowson, and engaged in a lively controversy 
with the Committee of Plundered Ministers, declin- 
ing to pay anybody else than the Rev. John Allen, 
whom they had removed.* 6 He carried his point, 
and though the committee kept the man of their 
choice, they had to pay him out of the estates of the 
Chapter of Winchester. 87 But for an interval, while 
the controversy was proceeding, Capel baptisms and 
burials were performed at Newdigate, there being no 
parson in Capel. In 1660 the Cowper leases ex- 
pired, and the rectory of Capel was, with others, con- 
firmed to the Earl of Peterborough, as heir of Lord 
William Howard. 88 His daughter Mary sold in 1677 to 
Sir John Parsons. The widow of his son Humphrey 
settled it on her daughter Anne, wife of Sir John 
Hynde Cotton. In 1 766 they sold to John Rogers for 
^5,700, subject to the payment of 20 a year to the 
curate. He died 1778, leaving it to his wife, who 
married secondly William Chivers, to whom it was 
conveyed. William Chivers died 1805, when it 
descended to his nephew Noah Chivers, who con- 
veyed in 1812 to the Duke of Norfolk. His heir 
sold in 1844 to Charles Webb, who died 1869, 
leaving his property in trust ; and the advowson and 
rectory are now in the hands of his trustees. 89 

Coldharbour is an ecclesiastical district formed in 
1850 under 7 & 8 Viet. cap. 94, from portions of the 
parishes of Capel, Dorking, Wotton, and Ockley. 

The living is in the gift of the trustees of Mr. 
John Labouchere. 

Smith's Charity is distributed as in 
CHARITIES other Surrey parishes. 

Capel Cottage Hospital was built 
by the widow of the Rev. John Broadwood in 1 864. 
It is maintained chiefly by public subscription. 



81 Exch. T.R. B g fol. 49. The volume 
is also lettered Cartae Antiquae de Prior- 
atu de Lewes. 

8a Charter in possession of the late 
Rev. T. R. O'Fflahertie, Vicar of Capel. 
Compare Manning and Bray, Surr. iii, 
App. cxxx ; 'land in the parishes of 
Dorking and Ewekenes ' in a charter of 
1481. 'Ewekenes,' now usually spelt 



Eutons, is a farm in Capel ; there are re- 
mains of a moat near it. 

88 Winton Epis. Reg. Orlton, i, fol. 
57 d. But in 1508 it was still called a 
chapel of Dorking. 

84 Winton Epis.Rcg.Edendon,ii,fol.4i-z. 

85 Deed at Loseley reciting the former 
lease to John Cowper. 

w Add. MS. (B.M.), 15669, fol. n. 

14.0 



*> Bodl. MSS. 323, p. 171 j 325, p. 

2*3 i 327, P- 58- 

88 Pat. iz Chas. II, pt. xviii, no. 16. 
Pro concessione Johanni Vicecomiti Mor- 
daunt, in trust for his elder brother the 
earl's daughter Mary. (See above.) 

89 Abstract of title to rectory and glebe 
of Capel. Sold in 1910 to Mr. Crisp of 
Godalming. 



WOTTON HUNDRED 



DORKING 



In 1871 Mr. Charles Webb of Clapham was com- 
memorated by his family in the building of alms- 
houses for six aged couples. 

Mr. Thomas Summers, of Horsham, left 100 in 
1807, which was invested in 3 per cent, consols. 
The income provides bread for the poor (see Broking 
also). The vicar and churchwardens of Capel, who 
were trustees of Smith's and Summers' Charity, 
obtained leave from the Charity Commissioners to 
devote the funds to a more useful purpose, the bread 
having been distributed among a large number of 



people quite well able to provide for themselves, or 
given to the poor in such quantities that they could 
not consume it while it was good. All the bakers in 
the parish had to be employed, and the baker in 
Coldharbour (q.v.) sent bread three miles and a half 
to Capel, which was given to the Coldharbour people 
who had walked the same distance to receive it, and 
who carried it back to a hundred yards from where it 
was baked. The Parish Council, however, on becom- 
ing manager of parochial charities restored the bread 
dole. 



DORKING 



Dorchinges (xi cent.) ; Dorkinges (xiii cent.) ; 
Dorking (xviii cent.). 

Dorking is a market town 23^ miles south-west of 
London, 1 2 miles east of Guildford. The market was 
claimed by the Earl of Warenne and Surrey in 1 278 as 
of immemorial antiquity. 1 The parish is bounded on 
the north by the two Bookhams and Mickleham, on 
the east by Betchworth, on the south by Capel, on 
the west by Wotton. It contains 1,329 acres of 
land and 10 of water, and is about 5 miles from 
north to south and 4 from east to west, but is slightly 
narrower towards the south. Capel, which lies south 
of it, was anciently part of the parish, and for the 
most part of the manor. The parish extends over the 
usual succession of soils in this part of Surrey. The 
northern part is on the chalk downs, partly capped 
by gravel and sand. The town and church are on 
the sand, the southern part is on the Wealden clay. 

From the high chalk down about Denbies, and 
from Ranmore Common on the north-west border of 
the parish, the views are beautiful and extensive. 
Between the spectator and the steep side of Box Hill, 
immediately to the east, the transverse valley of the 
Mole runs through the chalk range. Southward lies 
Dorking in the valley between the chalk and the well- 
wooded sand hills, which rise to the fir-tree clad 
heights of Redlands Wood, and to Anstiebury and 
1 Leith Hill beyond. The lower ground of the Weald, 
thickly wooded, extends south-eastwards, and the 
horizon is marked by the South Downs near Lewes. 
The boundary of the sand and the clay runs north 
and south for some way on the southern side of 
Dorking. The Redlands Woods are a steep sand 
ridge of north and south direction covered with fir 
trees, with a silver fir, Ia probably the tallest tree in 
the county, standing up above them all, while east 
of it extends the Holmwood Common, a high open 
common on the clay, thickly studded with hollies and 
furze bushes, with occasional houses dotted about it. 
The Glory Woods, a favourite resort of Dorking 
people, are on the sand hills nearer to the town. 
There is a small common close to the town called 
Cotmandene, formerly famous as the cricket ground 
where the great Dorking players, who did so much 
for the Surrey eleven, were trained. Caffyn, who 
first taught scientific cricket to the Australians, was 
one of them, and Jupp and the two Humphreys 
were among the last. Milton Heath is another com- 



mon west of Dorking. Towards the high ground of 
the Leith Hill range parts of Broad Moor, Cold- 
harbour Common, and the plantation called the 
Warren are in Dorking parish. 

Dorking town consisted till recently of one long 
street, High Street, which bifurcated at the south- 
west end into West Street and South Street, the road 
to Guildford passing out of the former, that to Hors- 
ham out of the latter. In the last thirty or forty years 
a good deal of building has broadened out the town, as 
well as extended it at both ends. 

The parish was divided into six tithings called 
Boroughs ; namely, East Borough, including West 
Betchworth, at the east end of the' town ; Chipping 
Borough, the body of the town, a name which justi- 
fies the Earl of Warenne's claim to an ancient market; 
Milton Borough, lying west ; Westcote Borough, still 
farther west and south-west ; Holmwood Borough, 
to the south ; and Walde or Wold or Wale Borough, 
farther south still, but now known as Capel parish, 
and distinct from Dorking.' But in the i.fth and 
1 5th centuries, when Milton and Westcote were 
separate manors, both the views of frankpledge held 
in Dorking recognized the Chipping Borough, East 
Borough, Waldeborough, and Forreyn Borough only 
as tithings. 3 The names are the same in the view 
of frankpledge of 7 October 1597, but on 27 Sep- 
tember 1598 the names are changed to Chipping 
Borough, East Borough, Capel and Homewood 
Borough. The last therefore answers to Forreyn 
Borough, as also appears by local names in the latter 
tithing. 

The town is administered as an urban district under 
the Local Government Act of 1894, which superseded 
a local board established in 1881. The Act of 1894 
separated the urban district from Dorking rural parish, 
which is administered by a rural parish council. 

The parish is almost entirely residential and agri- 
cultural. But there are lime works on the chalk, 
though not so extensive as those in neighbouring 
parishes, a little brick-making, water-mills (corn) at 
Pixham Mill, and timber and saw-mills. 

Poultry rearing is an ancient pursuit of the neigh- 
bourhood, and the Dorking fowls with an extra claw 
are a well-known breed, which it is not necessary to 
derive from Roman introduction. 

Sand of fine texture and often in veins of pink 
colour is also dug about Dorking, and some exten- 



1 Plot, de Qua War. (Rec. Com.), 
745. la Dead in 1939. 

1 Dorking Manorial Rolls, I4th, 151(1, 
nd 1 6th centuries panim. The first five 



boroughs were confirmed and denned by 
a County Council order, 26 July 1894, 
under the provisions of the Loc. Govt. 
Act, 56 & 57 Viet. cap. 73. 

141 



e.g. View of frankpledge, 7 Oct. 
1 6 Hen. VI, in Dorking Manorial 
Rolls. 



A HISTORY OF SURREY 



sive caverns were formerly excavated for this purpose 
under parts of the present town. 

The road from London to Horsham passes through 
Dorking, and continues over the Holmwood Common. 
This is the turnpike which was made in 1755 * in 
response to the astounding statement of the people of 
Horsham that if they wanted to drive to London 
they were compelled to go round to Canterbury. 
Arthur Young justly described it as the worst instance 
of the want of communication which he had heard 
of in England. 4 The Act was for the making of a 
road from Epsom, through Letherhead, Dorking, and 
Capel, with a branch to Ockley. The old road from 
Dorking into Sussex went up Boar Hill to Cold- 
harbour, and down to Ockley. 6 This road was 
impassable for wheeled traffic as late as the earlier part 
of the I gth century, when it was such a narrow 
ravine that bearers carrying a coffin had to walk in 
single file with the coffin slung on a pole. It was 
repaired about 1830, chiefly at the instance of 
Mr. Serjeant Heath of Kitlands, Capel, who threat- 
ened to prosecute the parish. The road from Reigate 
to Guildford passes through Dorking from east to west. 

The South Eastern Railway, Redhill and Reading 
branch, has two stations in Dorking, Box Hill and 
Dorking, opened in 1849. In 1867 the London 
Brighton and South Coast Railway, Portsmouth 
branch, was brought through Dorking, where there is 
a station near the Box Hill station of the South 
Eastern Railway. 

The ancient road called Stone Street (see in Ockley 
on the name) ran through Dorking. It is to be 
traced in much of its course by flint pavement which 
is found in draining and field work. It is laid down 
fairly correctly upon the Ordnance Map. It enters 
Dorking parish close to Anstie Grange Home Farm 
(not to be confounded with Anstie Farm), and runs 
along the side of the hill under the Redlands Woods, 
and above the Holmwood Common. Folly Farm 
lies just west of it. Near Dorking it has not been 
accurately observed, but it has no relation to the 
direction of the streets. Drainage operations show 
that it left South Street to the east, and crossed West 
Street just opposite the yard occupied by Messrs. Stone 
& Turner ; a foot passage opposite their premises is 
just on the line. It continued in a straight line for 
Pebble Lane, where there is little doubt that it 
mounted to the chalk hills, and is represented still by 
the old bridle way over Mickleham Downs to Epsom 
race-course ; it must have left Dorking Church to the 
south-east. Manning and Bray 7 say that the flints 
were found north-east of the church in a nursery 
garden, and sold to the road surveyor. But the 
description is vague and not incompatible with its 
having passed the church as described. It has not been 
traced in the north part of Dorking parish. 

The prehistoric fortified hill of Anstiebury, formerly 
in Dorking parish, was included in Capel by the 
Local Government Act of 1894, and has been de- 
scribed under Capel. 

There is a barrow, unopened apparently, on Milton 
Heath, north of the road. Camden says that Roman 
coins were found in Dorking churchyard, and others 



4 Act 28 Geo. II, cap. 45. 

5 In 1622 Sir Robert More wrote to 
his father, Sir George, that he could not 
drive from beyond Horsham to Loseley as 
he had intended, because it had rained, 
but that he hoped to find a way round by 



East Grinstead, Godttone, and Reigate 
(Loseley MSS. vol. i, p. 14.9). It would 
seem that the clay roads had become worse 
by 1750. 

6 Ogilvy, Bk. of Roads ; Burton, Iter 
Surriense, &c. 

142 



have been mentioned. In 1817 a find of 700 
Anglo-Saxon coins was made in Winterfold Hanger, 
on Lower Merriden Farm, west of Redlands Wood. 9 

The town of Dorking used to consist of many 
houses of respectable antiquity, but has been much 
modernized of late. The ' Old King's Head ' is a 
fine brick Jacobean building, standing at the west end 
of the High Street, on the north side. It used to be 
called the ' Chequers,' and received its later name in 
1660. The licence was withdrawn about 1800, 
renewed about 1850, and is now again withdrawn. 
It is usually said to be the original of Dickens' ' Mar- 
quis of Granby,' but at the time when the Pickwick 
Papers were written it was not an inn at all. Oppo- 
site the ' Old King's Head,' just before High Street 
divides into West Street and South Street, was the 
old ' Bull Ring.' 

A few old houses are to be found in the High 
Street and side streets, but most of them have been 
re-fronted or otherwise modernized, and a comparison 
with the sister towns of Letherhead, Guildford, and 
Godalming, is in this respect very disappointing. In 
the town itself perhaps the most interesting old houses 
are the White Horse Inn anciently the ' Cross 
House,' from its sign, the cross of the Knights of St. 
John,' a quaint, low structure largely of timber and 
plaster, with three gables, and a large courtyard open- 
ing from the High Street, probably on a very ancient 
site, and as it stands perhaps 400 years old. The 
town abounds in ancient hostelries of lesser size, such 
as the ' Red Lion ' (originally ' The Cardinal's Cap ') 
and the ' Black Horse,' and in the side streets are 
one or two small half-timber houses with overhanging 
upper stories. 

The gallows used to stand on a hill called Gallows 
Hill on the left-hand side of the road going towards 
Coldharbour by way of Boar Hill. A house now 
occupies the spot. It is marked in the map of 
Ogilvy's Book of Roads. The parish registers of 1625 
to 1669 record at intervals the burial of persons 
hanged there when the Assizes were held in the town. 

The old market-house stood in the street opposite 
the ' Red Lion.' Pictures show a gabled, probably 
16th-century building, of the same type as the 
Farnham market-house, but the original wooden 
supports had been changed for brick arches at the 
west end ; they remained under the east end. It was 
demolished in 1813. 

The market on Thursdays, claimed by John de 
Warenne in 1 278, is still held on the spot in the street. 
There is a fair, also existing in 1278, on Ascension 
Day. Down to ten years ago the practice of Shrove 
Tuesday football continued in the streets of Dorking. 
Shop windows were barricaded, all business suspended, 
and the town given over to a very tumultuous game. 
When the practice became known through the 
papers as a curiosity surviving here, idle people came 
from a distance to assist. The nuisance, always great, 
was intolerable, and it was suppressed with some 
difficulty by the police. But the year 1907 is said 
to have been the first in which no attempt was made 
to continue it. In 1830 there was a very serious 
riot in Dorking during the Swing Riots. 10 

' Hist, of Surr. iii, App. jclvi. 

8 V.C.H. Surr. i, 272. 

9 It was held of the manor of St. John 
of Jerusalem, Clerkenwell. 

10 y.C.H. Surr. i, 429. 



WOTTON HUNDRED 



DORKING 



St. Joseph's Roman Catholic Church was rebuilt in 
1895 chiefly at the expense of the Duke of Norfolk. 
The original temporary building had been erected by 
the Duchess of Norfolk in 1872. There is a Congre- 
gational chapel in West Street, representing an ancient 
congregation formed in 1662 under the Rev. James 
Fisher, the ejected minister of Fetcham, at whose 
house a small body of Nonconformists met in 1669, 
but the minister who was licensed in 1672 under the 
Indulgence was Mr. Feake, a Fifth Monarchy man, 
who had been imprisoned under the Protectorate. 
There was a congregation of Presbyterians under the 
Rev. John Wood, late rector of North Chapel in 
Sussex, meeting at his house. 11 This Presbyterian 
body does not seem to have survived," but after the 
death of Mr. Wood at an advanced age in 1693, 
became merged in the Congregational body. A 
chapel was built in 1719. In 1834 this was pulled 
down and rebuilt, and much improved and altered in 
1874." 

Congregational schools were built in 1858. 

There is a Baptist chapel, built in 1869 ; and a 
Wesleyan chapel, built in 1850. Wesley made the 
first of ten visits here in 1764, and in 1772 opened 
a chapel in Church Street, now converted into cot- 
tages. 

The Society of Friends were strong in the Dork- 
ing neighbourhood about the time of their founda- 
tion. Possibly the first meetings of the Friends in 
Surrey were held at the house of Thomas Bax, in 
Capel, near Dorking. There had been a Friends' 
meeting at Bax's house for upwards of twenty years 
in i677. Ita Fox, however, records in his journal a 
meeting at Reigate in 1655, which may precede 
this. The Old Friends' Meeting House in West 
Street, Dorking, bore the date 1709. The present 
meeting house near Rose Hill was built in 1846. 

There is a meeting of Plymouth Brethren in a 
chapel in Hampstead Road, opened in 1863. 

The cemetery was opened 
in 1856. 

The Public Hall in West 
Street was built by a company 
for meetings and entertain- 
ments in 1872. 

Denbies is the residence of 
the Hon. Henry Cubitt, the 
lord-lieutenant. It stands upon 
the brow of the chalk down, 
close to Ranmore Common 
and church. The church, 
however, is in Great Bookham 
parish (q.v.). Denbies com- 
mands fine views over the weald 

and the back of the Leith Hill range, and of Box Hill, 
which faces it from across the Mole Valley. Ash- 
combe, from which the peerage of Ashcombe is 
named, was a piece of land lying close to it, and 
Ashcombe Hill was the old name of the brow. Denby 
was probably a farmer who lived there. The farm- 
house was bought in 1754 by Mr. Jonathan Tyers, 
the founder of Vauxhall Gardens, who laid out the 
grounds in what was intended to be a style appealing 
to serious reflections, with a temple, two skulls, in- 




CUBITT. Checkered or 
and gules a pile argent 
with a lion't head razed 
sable thereon. 




BARCLAY. Azure a 
cheveron argent <with 
three crosses formy argent 
in the chief. 



scriptions and verses of the tombstone kind, much 
admired then and very absurd, a sort of Lenten 
Vauxhall. Mr. Tyers died in 1 767, and the estate 
was sold to the Hon. Peter King. His son Lord 
King sold it in 1781 to Mr. James White, who sold 
it in 1787 to Mr. Denison, whose son William Joseph 
Denison was M.P. for West Surrey. After Mr. Deni- 
son's death in 1849 it was bought by Mr. Thomas 
Cubitt, who built the present house. He was father 
to Lord Ashcombe, the father of the present owner. 

Bury Hill (in Westcote 
borough) is the seat of Mr. 
Robert Barclay, representative 
of the ancient Scottish house 
of Barclay of Urie. The name 
is as old as the 1 4th century," 
but no trace or record of a 
fortification can now be 
found. 145 The ground was 
part of the waste of the manor 
of Milton. Mr. James Walter 
was buying land in Milton 
Manor in 1 75 3," and he built 
the house then and planted the 
grounds. Mr. Walter died 
in 1780, when Viscount Grimston, his daugh- 
ter's husband, succeeded him here. In 1812 he sold 
it to Mr. Robert Barclay, great-grandfather of the 
present owner. The Nower, a favourite walk for 
Dorking people, is a hill adjoining this property. 

The Rookery, the property of Mr. Brooke, is the 
seat of Mr. Lionel Bulteel. An estate here was 
bought in 1759 by Mr. David Malthus, who built 
the house and laid out the grounds with the ponds 
and waterfalls, which make it a picturesque place. 
The Rev. Thomas Malthus, the economist, his 
son, was born here in 1766. In 1768 it was 
bought by Mr. Richard Fuller, banker, of Lon- 
don, of the family of the Fullers of Tandridge, 
Surrey (q.v.), and was sold by the executors of his 
great-grandson, Mr. George Fuller, in 1893. The 
old name of the valley where the Rookery stands was 
Chartgate, or Chartfield. 

Milton Heath (in Milton borough), the seat of 
Mr. J. Carr Saunders, was built by the late Mr. James 
Powell, of the Whitefriars Glass Works. 

Deepdene (in Holmwood borough), lately the seat of 
Lilian, Duchess of Marlborough, was originally built 
by the Hon. Charles Howard, after coming into pos- 
session of a part of the manor in 1652. In 1655 
Evelyn visited him, and admired the gardens which he 
had already begun to lay out in the deep valley which 
gives the place its name. It is probable that there 
was already a small house on the spot. Some thirty 
years later Aubrey saw and admired the landscape 
gardening, then evidently far more advanced. Mr. 
Howard died in 1713 (he was buried at Dorking, 
according to the inscription at Deepdene, in 1714); 
his son Henry Charles Howard died in 1720. His 
second son Charles succeeded as Duke of Norfolk in 
1777 and rebuilt the house. His son Charles, eleventh 
duke, sold it in 1791 to Sir William Burrell, bart., 
whose son Sir Charles sold it in 1 806 to Mr. Thomas 
Hope. Mr. Hope largely altered the house, and 



" V.C.H. Surr. ii, 40. 
13 They are not recorded in Bishop 
Willis' Visitation, 1724-5. 



u Information from the late Rev. J. S. 
Bright, Congregational minister, Dorking. 

*" Papers formerly in possession of 
Mr. March of Dorking. 



14 Dorking Court Rolls, passim. 

141 A Roman station has been gratuitously 
supposed to be here ; Gent. Mag. Apr, I S 44.. 

15 Court Rolls, Milton Manor. 



A HISTORY OF SURREY 



began the great collection of paintings and statuary 
carried on by his son, the late Mr. Beresford Hope, 
who also added to the house and built the Italian 
south-western front. 

Charte Park, formerly called the Vineyard, was the 
property of the Sondes or Sonds family, after they had 
parted with Sondes Place. 16 The late Mr. Beresford 
Hope bought Charte Park, and threw it into the 
grounds of Deepdene, pulling down the house. 

Westcott, also spelt Westcote, and erroneously 
Westgate, is one of the Dorking boroughs (vide supra), 
and with Milton was made into an ecclesiastical parish 
in 1852 (vide infra). A considerable village existed 
before then, and many houses have since been built. 

In Squire's Wood, south of Westcote, is Mag's Well, 
one of the sources of Pip Brook, which runs through 
Dorking to the Mole. 'It was formerly of some 
repute as a medicinal spring, and is strongly impreg- 
nated with iron. A building, now gone to ruin, 
existed over it, and within the writer's memory chil- 
dren still bathed in it. 

Holmwood Borough was the ancient division of 
Dorking, to the south of the town. The ancient 
spelling in the Court Rolls is invariably Homewood, 
the numerous hollies have led to the change in the 
name. But as far back as 1329 the reeves' accounts 
include carriage of firewood from ' Dorkynge Ywode 
vel Homewode' to Kingston, where the distinction 
between the ' High Wood,' the skirts of the big forest 
of the Weald, and the ' Home Wood,' sufficiently 
explains the name. In 1562 Kingston still depended 
upon this neighbourhood for firewood." Manning 
and Bray state, however, that Dorking was supplied 
lately with coal from Kingston ; showing a curious 
reversal of former relations. 

The Holmwood Common is a large high-lying 
common thickly covered with furze bushes and hollies, 
about 600 acres in extent. Defoe states that it was 
as lately as the time of James II the haunt of wild deer. 
Agricultural writers of a hundred years ago marked it 
down as good cornland wasted. 

The school of the parish of St. Mary Magdalen, 
Holmwood, was built in 1844, and enlarged in 1870 
and 1 8 84. That now in the parish of St. John the 
Evangelist was built in 1849 and enlarged in 1875 
and 1883. 

A great number of gentlemen's houses surround 
the Holmwood Common, and some standing upon it 
represent the original intrusions of squatters upon the 
waste of the manor confirmed by lapse of time. 
Holmwood Park was the seat of the late Mrs. Gough 
Nichols, widow of the celebrated antiquary. Francis 
Larpent, Judge Advocate-General to Wellington's army 
in Spain and the South of France, formerly lived here. 
Oakdale is the seat of Lady Laura Hampton ; Oak- 
dene of Mr. Augustus Perkins ; Redlands of Colonel 
Helsham Jones ; Anstie Grange of Mr. Cuthbert 
E. Heath ; Moorhurst, an ancient farm on the 
border of the old parishes of Dorking and Capel, 
of the Hon. W. Gibson, who has opened a small 
Roman Catholic chapel there. It is the property of 
Mr. Cuthbert E. Heath, of Anstie Grange. 



The present condition of the Holmwood i in 
curious contrast with what was its state not more than 
100 years ago, when the road to Horsham running 
over the desolate common was a frequent scene of 
highway robbery, and was openly used by smugglers. 
William Dudley, of Coldharbour, who died in 1902, 
aged nearly 101, told the writer that a man with whom 
he worked had been a witness when the turnpike 
keeper boldly refused to open his gate at night to a 
body of smugglers with kegs of brandy on their horses. 
In the Domesday Survey DORKING 
MANORS was in the hands of the king. Milton and 
Westcote were even then separate manors. 
It had been held by Edith, widow of the Confessor, 
and like the other holdings of the late queen in Surrey, 
was granted to William de Warenne I, when he was 
created Earl of Surrey. 18 His original Surrey endow- 
ment consisted of the manors which had been Edith's, 
Dorking, Reigate, Shiere, Fetcham. But one Edric 
had held Dorking, or part of it, at some previous 
time, and had given two hides out of it to his daughters. 
In 1086 Richard of Ton bridge held one of these hides 
no doubt Hamsted Manor, which belonged sub- 
sequently to the Clares. The other hide was probably 
Bradley Manor, the lands of which lie in Holmwood 
tithing and Mickleham. 

Richard I appears to have confirmed the grant of 
Edith's lands to the Earls of Surrey, 19 and in 1237 
William de Warenne is recorded as holding Dork- 
ing." 1 John de Warenne claimed it in 1278 as held 
by his ancestors from before legal memory. 11 In 
1347 John de Warenne died seised of the manor. 11 




WARENNE, Earl of 
Surrey. Checkered or 
and azure. 



FITZ ALAN, Earl of 
Arundel. Gules a lion 



He was succeeded by his nephew Richard, Earl 
of Arundel, who died in 1376," leaving another 
Richard as his son and heir. About this time the 
Arundel lands began to pass through a period of vicis- 
situde. Richard, Earl of Arundel, was attainted in 
1397 and beheaded, after a long series of open 
altercations with the king," and Dorking was granted 
to Thomas Mowbray, Earl of Nottingham," after- 
wards Duke of Norfolk, his son-in-law. He was 
banished in 1398 and died in exile in 1400. On the 
accession of Henry IV, Thomas, son of the unfortunate 
Richard, was restored. He died on 1 3 October 1415, 
leaving three sisters as co-heirs:* 6 first Elizabeth, the 
second wife of Thomas Mowbray, first Duke of Norfolk, 
whose share in the property descended in moieties to 
her son John, second Duke of Norfolk, and to Joan, 
her daughter by a second husband, Sir Robert Gonshill. 



16 In 1515-16 John Sondes of Charte 
alienated Sondes Place to John Carjrll ; 
and in 1 594 Michael Sondes wa heir to 
the copyhold of Sir Thomas Sondes of 
Charte ; Dorking Ct. R. 

V V.C.H. Surr. ii, 264. 



18 Ibid, i, 298. 

19 Cart. Antiq. , 29. 

M Feet of F. Div. Co. *> Hen. Ill, no. 
236. 

nPlac. de Quo War. (Rec. Com.), 
"75- 



82 Chan. Inq.p.m. 21 Edw. Ill (ist nos.) 
no. 23. 

M G.E.C. Complete Peerage. 

44 Diet. Nat. Biog. iix, 98. 

85 Pat. 21 Ric. II, pt. i, m. 5. 

* Chan. Inq. p.m. 4 Hen. V, no. 54. 



WOTTON HUNDRED 



This Joan became the ancestress of the Earls of 
Derby by her marriage with Sir Thomas Stanley." 





MOWBRAY, Duke of 
Norfolk. England with 
a Intel argent. 



STANLEY, Earl of 
Derby. Argent a bend 
azure with three hart? 
headi caboued or there* 
on. 



The second co-heir of Thomas, Earl of Arundel, 
was Joan Beauchamp, Lady Abergavenny ; her share 
descended to her granddaughter Elizabeth, afterwards 
the wife of George Nevill, who thus gained the lands 
and title of Abergavenny. Margaret, wife of Sir 
Roland Lenthale, was the third heir, but her claim to 
part of the inheritance lapsed at the death of her son 
Edmund, who died without issue IS before July 1 447. 

The history of the manor is obscure, even with the 
aid of the Court Rolls placed at the service of in- 
vestigators by the courtesy of successive Dukes of 
Norfolk. For the rolls are far from continuous, and 
generally lack the name of the lord or lords whose 
courts are held. It is obvious, however, that on the 
death of Thomas, Earl of Arundel,in 1415, his widow, 
Beatrix of Portugal, held the manor as dower. 3 " The 
courts were held for a Domlna (feminine) from 1413 
to 1431, when there is a break of five years. In 1435 
and 1438 Dominus, in the masculine singular is used, 
probably Roland Lenthale, for his son Edmund. In 
1 444 Domini begins, the Bishop of Bath and Wells 
and others," feoffees of Edmund Lenthale." This 
trust seems to have expired between 26 March 
1450 and 21 July 1450, for Domini is used in the 
former, Dominus in the latter. The singular is used 
till 15 February 1451, after which the manor was 
divided, courts being henceforth held for Domini 
when the number is distinguished at all. In 1528 
the question was raised in the court baron (17 Sep- 
tember 1528) 'whether Edmund Lenthale deceased 
was while alive sole holder of the manor of Dorking 
or holder with others.' Unfortunately it was not 
answered in the extant records, but it would seem 
likely that he was sole holder, and that after his death 
the manor went to John Mowbray, third Duke of 



DORKING 

Norfolk. The inquisition taken after the latter's 
death in 1 46 1 is unfortunately now missing," and the 
entry in the calendar is insufficient. In 1468 M John, 
Duke of Norfolk, and his wife Elizabeth had a grant 
of certain privileges, including return of writs, within 
their manor of Dorking. 34 

This Duke of Norfolk died in 1475," leaving an 
only child Anne, who was for some years betrothed 
to Richard, Duke of York, who perished in the 
Tower. She died unmarried in 1480," and mem- 
bers of the Nevill and Stanley families, as well as 
descendants of Margaret and Isabel, daughters of the 
first duke, appear as her co-heirs. A partition of 
Dorking was probably then made. 38 

In a document of I 5 3 1 George Nevill, Lord Aber- 
gavenny, is mentioned 38 as being one of the joint holders 
of the manor of Dorking. Again, later in the 1 6th 
century, Henry Nevill was in possession of part of 
the manor, 40 and on I August 1587*' Edward Nevill, 
Lord Abergavenny, held his first court, with no indi- 
cation of being only a joint holder, and in 1623 died 
seised " of the manor of ' Dorking Capel,' not that he 
was concerned only with the part of the manor in 
Capel, for the court chose bedells for Dorking and for 
Capel, and tenants from both attended. Edward 
NevilFs son Henry seems to have conveyed his share 
of the manor to the Howard family." 

The family of Stanley, Earls of Derby, in like 
manner again became involved in the history of Dork- 
ing at the death of Anne Mowbray. In 1622 Thomas, 
Earl of Derby, died seised of a moiety," which appa- 
rently consisted of two quarter parts. In order to 
explain his possession of more than one quarter it is 
necessary to consider the third co-heir of Anne Mow- 
bray, namely, William, Lord Berkeley. This William 
was the son of Isabel daughter of the first Mowbray, 
Duke of Norfolk," and although there seems no actual 
record of his own connexion with Dorking Manor, his 
son Maurice was seised of a fourth part in I5O4.' 6 It 
seems as though he must have shortly afterwards con- 
veyed his portion to the Earls of Derby, first because, 
as stated above, they were afterwards seised of two 
quarter parts ; secondly, because the Berkeleys are not 
again found in possession ; and thirdly, because lands 
did undoubtedly pass from the one family to the 
other." 7 

However, that may have been, it seems that two 
quarter parts were in the possession of the Earls of 
Derby. In 1586 Henry, Earl of Derby, conveyed one 
quarter to Sir Thomas Browne,* 8 and in 1594 Henry's 
son Ferdinand died seised of the other quarter. 49 The 
portion which remained in the Derby family was 



"*> Diet. Nat. Stag, liv, 75. 

38 Chan. Inq. p.m. 29 Hen. VI, no. 27. 

Aug. Off. Anct. Chart, i, 24. 

80 She died in 1439 seised of Dorking; 
Chan. Inq. p.m. 18 June 1440 (copy). 
Perhaps even then there was a division. 

81 1 8 July 1447, a tripartite indenture 
was made between Lenthale's trustees, 
the Duke of Norfolk and Lord Aber- 
gavenny, giving the profits of the manor 
to the trustees till such time as Lenthale's 
debts were paid by them, and providing 
for masses for his soul. The inquisition 
p.m. was apparently postponed till, as we 
should say, the estate was wound up ; D. 
in Aug. Off. Anct. Chart, i, 234. 

M Ct.R. 14 Dec. 23 Hen. VI. 
88 Cal. of Chan. Inq. p.m. (Rec. Com.), 
iv, 316. 



84 Chart. R. 8-10 Edw. IV, m. 14. 

15 The Roll of 14 Sept 1468 ends up 
with some accounts and ' To my lorde of 
Norfolk yi Audytores.' The plural will 
used in the Court Rolls may refer to him 
and his wife. 

86 Chan. Inq. p.m. 17 Edw. IV, no. 58. 

"7G.E.C. Complete Peerage. 

88 The Nevills were descended from 
Joan sister of the Earl of Arundel, who 
died 1416, the Stanleys from Elizabeth 
daughter of his sister Elizabeth. The 
partition did not apparently extend to an 
actual apportionment of the holdings. 
Tenants admitted to the manor do fealty 
' to the lords ' collectively, one court 
baron was held for the whole, and one 
view of frankpledge, and the dues were 
probably divided. 

145 



89 Chan. Inq. p.m. (Ser. 2), li, 48. 

40 Chan. Proc. (Ser. 2), bdle. 159, no. 
n. 

41 This was after Philip, Earl of Arundel 
(heir to the Duke of Norfolk),was thrown 
into the Tower, but before he was at- 
tainted (1589). 

49 Chan. Inq. p.m. (Ser. 2), cccxcix, 

'57- 

48 They were in possession in 1652 ; 
H. K. S. Causton, Hnvard Papers, 
365. 

44 Chan. Inq. p.m. (Ser. 2), xxxix, no. 

45 Diet. Nat. Biog. xxxix, 225. 

48 Feet of F. Div. Co. Trin. 1 9 Hen. VII. 
*! Diet. Nat. Biog. liv, 78. 

48 Feet of F. SUIT. Trin. 28 Eliz. 

49 Chan. Inq. p.m. (Ser. 2), ccxlii, 
88. 

19 



A HISTORY OF SURREY 



apparently conveyed to the Howards some time during 
the I yth century, 60 since the Browne moiety was the 
only one which did not belong to them in the time 
of George II." 

Sir Thomas Browne died in 1 597 seised of one por- 
tion of the manor, which passed to his son Matthew. 51 
It appears at intervals in the possession of the Browne 
family, and finally, about 1690, on the death of Sir 
Adam Browne, without male issue, passed from his 
family by the marriage of his daughter Margaret with 
William Fenwick. 65 At her death, according to Man- 
ning and Bray, 64 this part of the manor passed by sale 
to Abraham Tucker, and from him, by the marriage of 
one of his daughters, to his grandson Sir Henry St. 
John Mildmay, who sold it in 1797 to the Duke of 
Norfolk." 

The remaining portion of the manor passed at the 
death of Anne Mowbray into the family of Howard. 
Margaret daughter of the first Mowbray duke, and 
sister of that Isabel who married into the Berkeley 
family, became the wife of Sir 
Robert Howard, and to her son 
John her share in the Dorking 
manor now passed. 66 John was 
a keen partisan of Richard III, 
who in 1483 revived the title 
of Duke of Norfolk in his fav- 
our. 67 He met his death at 
the battle of Bosworth Field, 
and his lands, by an Act of at- 
tainder in the first Parliament 
of Henry VII, lapsed to the 
Crbwn." His son Thomas, also 
attainted then, was restored in 
blood in 1488, and to the earl- 
dom and his estates in 1489. In 1 5 1 4 he was created 
Duke of Norfolk. His son Thomas, third Duke of 
Norfolk in the Howard line, was attainted under 
Henry VIII, and only escaped execution by the timely 
death of the king ; his lands, however, were forfeited, 
and his portion in Dorking Manor was granted by 
Edward VI to Henry Duke of Suffolk. 69 Under 
Queen Mary the duke was restored to his possessions. 
From that time this portion seems to have remained 
in the family of Howard ; the other portions were 
gradually joined to it until, in 1797, the whole 
manor was in the possession of the Duke of Norfolk, 
with whose descendants it has since remained. 

The earls had a manor-house in Dorking ; but 
though Aubrey mentions traces of a castle, there are 
neither records nor visible remains. The Town Fields 
were on the south side of the town, towards the direc- 
tion of the modern workhouse. The common meadow 
and pasture was on the north by the Pip Brook ; but 
it is worthy of notice that as early as the 1 4th and 
1 5th centuries the manorial rolls tell us that the 
villeins of the manor held land in severally, this custom 
being specially noticeable in Waldeborough, where 
there seem to have been no common fields. The rights 




HOWARD, Duke of 
Norfolk. Gules a bend 
between six crossletsfitchy 
argent. 



of the lord over a villein tenantry, chivage, marriage, 
and so on, were then in full force. In 1442-3 the 
homage are bidden to produce a fugitive female villein. 
It is needless to say that there is no evidence of the 
outrageous droit de seigneur mentioned by Aubrey. 
In the court held 30 December, 5 Henry VI (1426), 
Johanna Brekspere paid 6s. 8J. for licence to marry 
whom she would. But as early as the accounts ren- 
dered for 132930, customary services, carrying, reap- 
ing, &c., and xxii plena opera appear commuted for 
money payments. The custom of the manor was 
Borough English, and daughters were eo-heiresses. A 
court baron was held every three weeks, and a court 
leet and a view of frankpledge twice a year. 

In 1278 John de Warenne claimed and was allowed 
free warren in all his demesne lands in Dorking. 60 The 
lord had, however, an inclosed warren, which was 
often mentioned in the Court Rolls owing to the inhabi- 
tants stealing rabbits from it. Under Henry V and 
Henry VI the warren was let out at farm. Possibly 
the lord had an inclosed park, for in the courts of 
8 February and 1 6 August 1283 persons are accused 
of breaking the earl's park ; but in the first instance 
the fine pro fractura parcl is only 6d., in the second 
2Of., so / anus may only be the pound, or some small 
inclosure. No record of imparking or disimparking 
seems to exist. If there was a park it must have been 
near Charte Park of later times, where Park Copse, 
Park Farm, and Park Pale Farm, all to the east of 
Charte Park, may show that this is only part of a for- 
merly more extensive inclosure. 

BRADLET was a small reputed manor held by 
service of half a knight's fee of the manor of Reigate. 61 
A Thomas de Bradley appears in a dispute in the court of 
Dorking of 1283. Mr. Bray had deeds in his possession 
showing a settlement, by John de Bradley and Maud 
his wife, on William son of Richard Bradley in 1 340, 
and another settlement of land in Bradley 1389-90, 
by Nicholas Slyfield, on John Penros. 62 It passed to 
the Sondes of Sondes Place, Dorking, and appears as 
a manor in the time of Edward IV, 63 and is also 
mentioned in an inquisition taken after the death 
of Robert Sondes in I53O. 64 It seems to have re- 
mained in the Sondes family until the middle of the 
1 7th century, when Sir George Sondes conveyed it to 
William Delawne, 66 but perhaps by way of mort- 
gage only, for Lewis, created Lord Sondes 1760, seems 
to have sold it rather later than that to Henry Talbot. 
He sold it to Mr. Walter, M.P., who was buying much 
land in the district. 66 It was certainly possessed by 
Mr. Walter of Bury Hill and his son-in-law Viscount 
Grimston, who sold it to Mr. Denison of Denbies, in 
which estate it remains. It has had no courts held 
within the memory of man. It is now the property 
of the Hon. Henry Cubitt of Denbies, the lord- 
lieutenant. 67 

There seems to have been a small manor called 
H4MSTED in Dorking. In Domesday Richard of 
Tonbridge held one hide which had been detached from 



60 H. K. S. Causton (Howard Papers, 
365) states that Charles Howard in 1652 
found himself heir to three fourth parts of 
the manor of Dorking, two of which had 
been purchased by his grandfather Thomas, 
Earl of Arundel. 

51 Recov. R. Mich. 14 Geo. II, rot. 
211. 

52 Chan. Inq. p.m. (Ser. z), ccliii, 
88. 



M Feet of F. Surr. HiL 4 & 5 Will, and 
Mary. 

M Hist. Surr. i, 558. 

" Ibid. 

58 Diet Nat. Biog. xxviii, 42. 

W Ibid. 

58 Par/. R. (Rec. Com.), vi, 410. 

Pat. 6 Edw. VI, pt. ii. 

60 Assize R. apud Guildford, 7 Edw. I, 
rot. 28. 

146 



81 Survey of manor of Reigate taken 
I Apr. 1623, 21 Jas. I. 

M Manning and Bray, Hist, of Surr. i, 
563. 

" Feet of F. Div. Co. file 74, no. 64. 

64 Chan. Inq. p.m. (Ser. 2), ii, 48. 

65 Feet of F. Surr. Trin. 1654. 

66 Manning and Bray, Hist, of Surr. i, 
564. 

" Inform from Lord Ashcombe. 




_ 

DORKING: OLD MARKKT HOUSE, PULLED DOWN IN 




DORKING : MILTON COURT, c. 1845 




DORKINC, : MILTON COURT, STAIRCASE, c. 1845 



WOTTON HUNDRED 



DORKING 



Dorking. 68 In 1262 Hawisia widow of John de 
Gatesden, the name of a Clare tenant, 69 sued Robert 
Basset for a third part of a mill and 40 acres of land 
as her dower in Hamsted and Dorking. 70 In 1314 
Gilbert de Clare, killed at Bannockburn, was seised 
of Hamsted, held of him by Agnes de Badeshull." 
Hugh le Despenser, sister's son to Gilbert, died seised 
of it in 1350, when it was held by John deWarblyng- 
ton of the honour of Clare." In 1560-1 John 
Caryll sold land in Hamsted to Sir Thomas Browne of 
Betchworth. 7 * The description places it at the west 
end of Dorking, where Hamsted Lane, an old name, 
preserves its memory. 

The manor of MILTON (xi et seq. cent. Middle- 
ton) was held of William Fitz Ansculf by a certain 
Baldwin at the time of the Domesday Survey ; Uluric 
held it of King Edward. 74 It passed with the honour 
of Dudley from William Fitz Ansculf to the family of 
Somery ; early in the 1 3th century one Simon Fitz 
Giles owed one knight's service for Milton to the 
honour of Dudley. 74 

The manor was possibly granted to the nuns of 
Kilburn by Roger de Somery, 76 for their prioress was 
found to hold lands of him at his death ; there is, how- 
ever, reason to suppose that they had gained possession 
of it somewhat earlier, since Margery, Prioress of 
Kilburn, was seised of a knight'sfeein Milton in 1232." 
Again, in 1 269, Matilda, a prioress whom Dugdale 
omits from his list, 78 had transactions touching the 
moiety of a virgate of land in Milton. 7 * 

The manor remained with the nuns until the dis- 
solution of the monasteries, when the king exchanged 
it for other Surrey lands with John Carleton of Walton 
on Thames, and Joyce his wife. 80 From John Carle- 
ton the manor passed to Richard Thomas, who was 
holding it in I552. 81 Richard Thomas continued to 
hold under Philip and Mary ; ** his tenure was not, 
however, popular among his tenants, who were in- 
dignant at his having inclosed lands on Milton Com- 
mon otherwise known as Anstey Heath, where the 
aforesaid tenants had had common of pasture from time 
immemorial. Waterden Wood is also mentioned. 
Anstey Farm and Waterden lie on the two sides of 
the road in Milton Manor near Coldharbour. Milton 
Gore, close by, is the only part of the heath in ques- 
tion now uninclosed. 

It is probable that the grant to Richard Thomas 
was only for a period of years, for at the death of his 
widow Katharine, who had subsequently become the 
wife of Saunders Wright, it reverted to the Crown. 83 
Queen Elizabeth in 1599 gave it to Ralph Lathom. 8 * 
The grant, however, was cancelled before it took 
effect, and the next year the manor passed from the 
Crown to George Evelyn 8S in consideration of some 
700. From that time it descended with Wotton 
in the Evelyn family. 

Milton Court, the seat of the late Mr. L. M. 



Rate (ob. 1907), is the old manor-house of Milton. 
It is a fine Jacobean house, mostly of brick, with 
wings projecting in front and behind and a projecting 
portico in front, showing five gables to the front, over 
the wings and portico ; and between these, to the 
back, there are three gables, the chimneys occupying 
the intermediate spaces on this side. The gables are 
all of the rounded pattern common in Kent and the 
Netherlands. The house was rebuilt by Richard 
Evelyn, and completed in 1611 (accounts in posses- 
sion of Mr. Rate). There was no high hall, but a 
gallery ran along the front of the house with a pro- 
jecting bay over the porch. This has been altered 
into a drawing-room and other rooms. The stair- 
case in the east wing is a very fine specimen of 
Jacobean woodwork. Mr. Rate bought the house in 
1864, and it was restored under the direction of the 
late C. Burgess. 

The manor of WEST BETCHWORTH was held 
by Richard de Tonbridge at the time of the Domes- 
day Survey, and the overlordship appears to have re- 
mained with the honour of Clare. 86 In the I3th 
century John de Wauton held half a knight's fee in 
Betchworth of that honour ; 87 he subsequently for- 
feited his lands to the king, who in 1291 made a 
grant of them to John de Berewyk. 88 At John's 
death in 1 3 1 3 his heir was found to be his grandson 
Roger Husee, then a minor. 89 Roger died seised in 
I362, 90 and was succeeded by his brother John, who 
died a few years later leaving his son John as his 
heir. 91 This John conveyed the manor to Richard 
Earl of Arundel. 9 * It remained in the Arundel 
family until 1487, when it was sold to Thomas 
Browne. 93 It was still in the possession of the 
Brownes in the time of Elizabeth, 94 and from that 
date appears to have descended with the portion of 
Dorking Manor which was in their hands. 

Betchworth Castle, now only a picturesque ruin, 
perched on a bank above the Mole, and almost con- 
cealed by trees and creepers, was built, or, more prob- 
ably, rebuilt, by Sir Thomas Browne. Judging by the 
print in Watson's ' Memoirs,' the mansion which, in 
the middle of the I5th century, replaced an earlier 
fortified house or castle, must have been extremely 
picturesque with its battlemented gables, clustered 
chimneys and oriel windows, standing among lawns 
and gardens descending to the Mole. The ivy is 
disintegrating the walls, and almost the only architec- 
tural feature is the arch of a fireplace. A remarkably 
fine avenue of lime trees leads to the ruin. 

The Domesday Survey records that Abbot ^Ethel- 
rige had held tVESTCOTE of King Edward ; also 
that Ralph de Fougeres then held it." 

In the 1 3th century Westcote (villa de Westcote) 
was terra Normannorum held by Gilbert de Aquila and 
taken into the hands of King Henry III. The Earl 
of Warenne and Surrey had paid a fine and held it 



V.C.H. Surr. i, 298. 

69 Testa tie Nevil!( Rec. Com.), 219. John 
de Gatesden alto had lands in Hamsted 
(Feet of F. Surr. 33 Hen. Ill, 379). 

7 Assize R. 47 Hen. Ill, Surr. m. f . 

'! Chan. Inq. p.m. 8 Edw. II, 68, m. 
63. 

7> Ibid. 23 Edw. Ill (2nd pt. 1st nos.), 
no. 169. 

? 8 Manning and Bray, Hist. Surr. i, 566. 

7< r.C.H. Surr. i, 322,1. 

Ibid. 

7 Chan. Inq. p.m. i Edw. I, no. 15. 



77 Feet of F. SUIT. Trin. 32 Hen. Ill, 
no. 49. 

7 8 Man. Angl. iii, 424. 

7 Feet of F. Surr. Mil. 53 Hen. Ill, 
no. 2;. 

"0 L. and P. Hen. VIII, xv, g. 733 
(48). 

81 Feet of F. Surr. Trin. 6 Edw. VI. 

8a Star. Chamb. Proc. Phil, and Mary, 
bdle. 6, no. 4;. 

88 Pat. 41 Eliz. pt. x, m. 25. 

M Ibid. 

84 Pat. 42 Eliz. pt. xvi, m. I. 

147 



43 

90 
M 
M 
99 
94 

88. 
M 



1 V.C.H. Surr. i, 319*. 

Testa de Neiiill (Rec. Com.), 221. 
1 Chart. R. 19 Edw. I, m. 84. 
' Chan. Inq. p.m. 6 Edw. II, no. 

Ibid. 35 Edw. Ill, pt. i, no. 98. 
Ibid. 44 Edw. Ill (ist not.), no. 33. 
Close, 47 Edw. Ill, m. 16. 
Feet of F. Surr. 1 5 Hen. VI, no. 8. 
Chan. Inq. p.m. (Ser. 2), ccliii, 

r.C.H. Surr. i, 326*. 



A HISTORY OF SURREY 



for his sister the wife of Gilbert. 96 Later John de 
Gatesden (see Hamsted Manor) held it. 97 He died 
in 1269 or before, when a survey of the manor was 
taken, late in his hands. 98 His daughter Margaret 
married Sir William Pagenel, but it would seem that 
the Latimer family had some previous claim upon 
Westcote, for in 1 306 Alice widow of William le 
Latimer sued William Pagenel and Margaret his wife 
for dower in Westcote Manor, which had been 
granted by Latimer to Pagenel and his wife. Pagenel 
acknowledged her claim and granted her lands in 
Leicestershire to the required amount. 99 In 1317 
William Pagenel died seised of the manor, leaving 
John his brother and heir, then fifty years of age. 100 

In 1355 Eva widow of Edward St. John, and for- 
merly wife of William Pagenel, who was probably the 
son of John Pagenel, died seised of one-third of West- 
cote Manor which she held in dower. Her heir was 
Laurence de Hastings, lord of Paddington Pembroke 
(q.v.), with which Westcote descended from that 
time. 101 

There was a mill at Westcote at the time of the 
Domesday Survey ; it is also mentioned in the in- 
quisition taken at the death of Laurence de Hastings 
in 1 348, when it was stated to be a water-mill. 10 ' 

At the time of Alice le Latimer's suit (q.v.) the 
manor was valued at forty pounds odd. 

George I granted to John Evelyn the privilege of 
holding two annual fairs in his manor of Westcote, 
on 15 April and 28 October. 108 

Westcote retains many picturesque old houses of 
the 1 6th, 1 7th, and l8th centuries, including some 
with gables of Bargate stone rubble and ornamental 
brick ; and a farm-house with fine brick chimneys 
dating from about 1670. 

SONDES PLACE, in Milton borough, the vicar- 
age house since 1839, belonged to a family of 
Sondes, who migrated to Surrey in the I5th cen- 
tury, and who were ancestors of the present Lord 
Sondes. In 1590 John Carill, of Warnham, conveyed 
Sondes Place for 1,000 to John Cowper of Capel, 
Serjeant - at - Law. 104 Cowper possibly sold it to 
Christopher Gardiner, who died about 1 597, and is 
described as of Dorking, 106 and whose son Christopher, 
baptized I 595, 106 resided at Sondes Place. The latter 
married Elizabeth daughter of Sir Edward Onslow 
of Knowle in Cranleigh. 10 ' William Gardiner of 
Croydon, by deed of 1678, granted the manor or 
lordship of Sondes Place to Francis Brocket. 108 

The parish church is approached by 
CHURCHES a little stone-flagged alley from the 
High Street, and stands in the midst 
of a large and prettily kept churchyard, no longer used 
for burials, in which are numerous gravestones and 
railed tombs, some of 1 7th and 18th-century dates. 

It is dedicated to ST. M4RTIN, and is, as it stands, 
absolutely modern, having been rebuilt in 1835-7 
(the chancel excepted), and the nave, till then an un- 
sightly structure of brick and compo, with slender iron 
columns and many galleries, again rebuilt in 1873 
from the designs of Mr. H. Woodyer, who in 1 866 



had rebuilt the ancient chancel. In 18357 the 
central tower had been rebuilt, or remodelled, and 
crowned with a lofty spire, which it had not before 
possessed, and these features, which were not repro- 
duced in the original position in the later re-edification, 
were replaced by a lofty western tower and spire, 
erected to the memory of Dr. Samuel Wilberforce, 
Bishop of Oxford, and then of Winchester, who was 
killed by a fall from his horse near Dorking in 1873. 
The present church, which is constructed of black 
flints and Bath stone, is a handsome and spacious 
edifice in a somewhat mixed style of I3th and i<).th- 
century Gothic architecture, consisting of a lofty 
clearstoried nave, with western tower and spire, 
porches, transepts, chancel and vestries. Nearly all 
the windows are filled with stained glass of varying 
merit, and there are many elaborate fittings, including 
altar and reredos, pulpit, lectern and choir stalls, font 
and chancel screen of oak, in commemoration of 
Wm. Henry Joyce, M.A., vicar, 1850-70, beneath 
which is a brass to his memory. 

The floor and lower parts of the walls of the old 
church remain in vaults under the present church. It 
was a large and picturesque structure, occupying much 
the same area as the present, cruciform, with a central 
tower, north and south aisles to the nave, under lean-to 
roofs, and a south porch, built of local rubble and 
flints plastered externally, with dressings of firestone, 
and having the old Horsham slate on all the roofs, 
except the chancel and north transept. The nave 
was about 65 ft. by 30 ft., its aisles being between 
12 and 14 ft. long, the north transept about 27 ft. by 
23 ft. wide, the south transept 26 ft. by 23 ft., the 
central tower about 27 ft. square, and the chancel 
40 ft. by 22 ft. Probably little or nothing remained 
of the building recorded in Domesday, except as old 
material worked up on the walls ; but the chancel 
seems to have retained to the last at the angles of the 
east end four flat pilaster buttresses of mid- 12th- 
century character. To a date towards the close of 
the same century the lower part of the central tower 
and the remarkable north transept appear to have 
belonged. The latter is well shown in a carefully 
accurate steel engraving forming the frontispiece to 
Hussey's Churches of Kent, Surrey, and Sussex. 103 The 
design of this transept end consisted of a lofty gable 
with a small lancet in the upper part, below which 
was a pilaster buttress with steeply sloped weathering, 
this buttress being pierced at about half its height 
with a longer lancet, 110 and similar lancets flanking it 
right and left, while at the angles were other pilaster 
buttresses. In the eastern wall of the same transept 
there were three lancets of like proportions and a 
pilaster buttress. There appears to have been some 
early work in the south transept also, but masked by 
alterations made in the repairs of 1674 and 1762, 
when a large circular-headed window was inserted in 
the gable end, a huge, unsightly buttress erected against 
the south-east angle of the tower, and the upper part 
of the central tower was altered. Evidence is scanty 
as to other work of the earlier periods, especially as to 



96 Testa dt Nrvill (Rec. Com.), 2ZJ. 
7 Ibid. 229. 

98 Chan. Inq. p.m. 53 Hen. Ill, no. 
19. 

99 De Banco R. 161, m. 145. 

100 Chan. Inq. p.m. 10 Edw. II, no. 61. 

101 In William Pagenel's inquisition, the 
Hastings family are mentioned as being 



overlords, so that the manor probably 
reverted to them on the failure of heirs 
in the Pagenel family. 

1M Chan. Inq. p.m. 22 Edw. Ill (ist 
nos.), no. 47. 

108 Pat. 12 Geo. I, pt. ii. 

"" Close, 32 Eliz. pt. vi. los Will. 

Dorking Reg. W Ibid. 

148 



Com. Pleas D. Enr. 30 Chas. II), 
m. 5. The present Sondes Place is an- 
other house. 

109 Corroborated by old pen drawings in 
the writer's possession. 

110 Cf. the tower buttresses at Clymping, 
Sussex, similarly pierced with early lancets, 
in work of c. 1170. 




ABINGER CHURCH FROM THE SOUTH-EAST, c. 1845 





DORKING: ST. MARTIN'S CHURCH, CHOIR, c. 184; 



DORKING: ST. MARTIN'S CHURCH, CHANCEL, c. 1845 



WOTTON HUNDRED 



DORKING 



the nave arcades and crossing arches, but they were 
probably of late izth or early 13th-century date. In 
the first half of the I4th century considerable altera- 
tions were effected. A clearstory of coupled lights 
having ogee, trefoiled, and cinquefoiled heads was 
formed on both sides of the nave, and other windows 
inserted, in about 1 340. The chancel at this time 
received a fine large east window of five lights, the 
central higher than the others, with flowing tracery in 
the head resembling that of the east window in Witley 
Church. 111 The windows in the south wall, of three 
and two lights, with square heads, may have belonged 
to the same or a slightly later date. The upper story 
of the tower, although its parapet had been made 
plain in 1762, retained two-light windows with 
pointed heads of I 5th-century character, and in the 
east wall of the south transept, the south wall of the 
south aisle, with its porch, and the west wall of the 
nave, were other windows of the 1 5th century. If it 
seems hard to forgive the 1835 rebuilding of the nave, 
it is almost impossible to excuse the destruction of the 
ancient chancel, with its fine east window, in 1866. 
The north aisle had no windows in its wall, but was 
lit by wooden dormers in the roof. 

The monuments in the old church prior to its 
demolition do not appear to have been of great 
importance. Aubrey records many tombstones as exist- 
ing on the floor of the church in his time (1673, &c.), 
some of which bore the indents of brasses. These 
have all disappeared. The following mural monu- 
ments have been preserved and set up in the new 
church : (l) The Howard monument, to the memory 
of Charles Howard of Greystoke Castle and of Deep- 
dene, 111 fourth son of Henry Frederick, Earl of 
Arundel (died 3 1 March 1713), and Mary his wife 
(died 7 November 1695); of Henry Charles Howard, 
his son and heir (died 10 June 1720), and Mary his 
wife (died 7 October 1747) ; and of Mary Anne 
Howard, the late wife of Charles Howard, jun. (died 
28 May 1768). (2) A monument, removed from a 
mausoleum formerly in the churchyard, to the second 
wife of Henry Talbot, son of a Bishop of Durham, 
who purchased Charte Park in 1746 and died in 1784. 
(3) To Abraham Tucker, author of A Picture of 
Artless Love and Ike Light of Nature Pursued, who 
lived at his estate of Betchworth Castle till his death 
in 1774. (4) A brass plate to Jeremiah Markland 
(1693-1776), the classical scholar, who lived at 
Milton Court. 

The registers date from 1538. 

The church plate is all modern, presented recently 
by the Rt. Hon. George Cubitt, M.P., of Denbies, 
now Lord Ashcombe. There is a ring of eight bells, 
of which no. 2, 3 and 4 are dated 1709 and bear the 
names of William Fenwicke, Mrs. Margaret Fenwicke, 
John Hollier and John Pinny, 'benefactors'; while 
no. 5 has the inscription, ' JOHN WILNER MADE ME 1 626.' 
The others are modern. The ' pancake ' bell used to 
be rung between 1 1 o'clock and noon on Shrove 
Tuesday down to the early part of the 1 9th century. 

ST. PAUL'S CHURCH was built in 1X57 fora 
new district on the south side of the town. It is a 



stone building, consisting of a nave and chancel, in 
quasi 14th-century style, with a small bell-turret at 
the west end. 

ST. MARY MAGDALENE'S CHURCH, HOLM- 
WOOD, was built in 1838. It was successively en- 
larged in 1842, 1846, 1848, and 1863. Mr. James 
Park Harrison was the original architect, and the 
church is a successful imitation of 13th-century style, 
built in sandstone, with a tower to the south-west. 
The sites for church, parsonage, and school were given 
by the Duke of Norfolk. 

The church of ST. JOHN THE EVANGELIST, 
NORTH HOLMWOOD,v/M built, in 1875, of stone 
in an intended 12th-century style, with a tower and 
spire. 

The church of HOLT TRINITY, rTESTCOTE, 
was consecrated in 1852. It was built by Sir Gilbert 
Scott in 1 4th-century style. It is of stone, with a small 
western turret. Mr. Charles Barclay gave I, ooo to the 
building, and Lady Mary Leslie 1,000 endowment. 
The clock was put up to commemorate the Jubilee of 
1887. The parsonage house was built at the sole 
expense of the late Mr. Charles Barclay, of Bury Hill; 
the Westcote Schools (National) by subscription in 
1854 ; an infant school by subscription in 1882. 

St. John's Chapel, the Countess of Huntingdon's 
Connexion, was built by Mr. John Worsfold in 1 840, 
and endowed with 40 a year, a house, small glebe, 
and a benefaction for charities. 

The advowson of the church of 
ADPOWSON Dorking was attached first to the 
Priory of Lewes, l:s and then, in 1334, 
to the Priory of Holy Cross at Reigate until the disso- 
lution of the monasteries. 114 It was then granted to Lord 
William Howard," 4 created Lord Howard of Effing- 
ham. Charles second Lord Howard of Effingham, 
created Earl of Nottingham, inherited from his father. 
His eldest son William having died in his lifetime, his 
daughter Elizabeth, by marriage the Countess of 
Peterborough, inherited, 116 and conveyed it in 1657 
to her son, John Mordaunt, 11 ' an ardent Royalist, 
to whom Charles II shortly afterwards granted the 
titles of Baron Mordaunt of Reigate and Viscount 
Mordaunt of Avalon, as a reward for his many 
services. 118 

In 1 660 Dorking with Capel (q.v.) and other churches 
was confirmed to John Mordaunt in trust for Mary 
daughter of his brother the Earl of Peterborough. 11 ' 
Mary sold it in 1677 to Sir John Parsons. The widow 
of his son Humphrey settled it on her daughter Anne, 
wife of Sir John Hynde Cotton, who conveyed it to 
him. He sold it in 1766 to Mr. Edward Walter of 
Bury Hill. At his death in 1780 it descended to his 
daughter and her husband Viscount Grimston. The 
latter sold in 1789 to the Duke of Norfolk." The 
rectorial tithes were bought by various people in lots, 
among whom were the late Mr. Rate of Milton Court 
and Mr. Williamson of Guildford. The advowson to 
the vicarage remained with the Dukes of Norfolk till the 
Right Hon. G. Cubitt, M.P., now Lord Ashcombe, 
bought it about 1865, and it remains in his hands. 

The vicarage of St. Paul is in the gift of trustees. 



111 Illuttrated by the late J. L. Andre, 
F.S.A. in Surr. Areh. Call, xiy, I. For 
Witley tee V.CM. Surr. ii, 456. The 
east window of Mickleham Church, prior 
to 1872, exhibited a similar design, and 



Ila See ante under Deepdene. 
118 Cott. MS. Vesp. F, XT, fol. i8A. 
114 Pat. 8 Edw. Ill, pt. ii, m. 34 ; and 
Winton Epis. Reg. Orleton, i, fol. 57d. 
" L. and P. Hen. fill, xvi, g. 947 



11 7 Feet of F. Surr. East. 1657. 

118 G.E.C. Comfltte Peerage, T, 368. 

119 Pat. 12 Chas. II, pt. xviii, m. 16. 
110 Abstract of title to Capel Rectory 

till 1766 ; Manning and Bray, Hist. Surr. 



the west window of the tower at Cran- (12) ; xvii, g. 443 (5). [67. iii, 593 ; private information. 

Icigh belongs to the same group. nt Chan. Inq. p.m. (Ser. 2), cccclxxxii, 



149 



A HISTORY OF SURREY 



The district of St. Mary, Holmwood, was taken 
out of Dorking and Capel parishes and erected into a 
separate parish in 1838. The living is in the gift of 
the Bishop of Winchester. 

The parish of St. John, North Holmwood, was 
formed in 1874 from the northern part of the parish 
of St. Mary. The Bishop of Winchester is patron of 
this living also. 

The parish of Holy Trinity, Westcote, was formed 
with Milton, in 1852. The living is in the gift of 
Mr. Robert Barclay of Bury Hill. 

Smith's charity exists, but unlike the 
CHARITIES usual practice in the other Surrey 
parishes is administered by the parish, 
not by the trustees. The Rev. Samuel Cozens, 
Presbyterian minister in Dorking 1656-9, who prob- 
ably resigned before 1662, left land at Chislet in 
Kent which was added to Smith's land. 

Cotmandene Almshouses for eighteen poor persons 
were erected on land given to the vicar and church- 
wardens by the Hon. Charles Howard of Deepdene 
and Sir Adam Browne of Betchworth Castle in 1677, 
and were endowed by Mrs. Susannah Smith. A decree 
in Chancery established the legacy in 1718. Mr. 
William Ansell left 200 consols in 1 830. Mr. Richard 
Lowndes of Rose Hill left 320 consols in 1831. 



Messrs. Joseph and John Sanders gave 700 consols 
in 1839 to the same object. 

In 1 706 Mr. William Hutton left 61, a year accru- 
ing out of a copyhold in Brockham for bread to the 
poor on Good Friday. 

In 1725 Mrs. Margaret Fenwick left by will 800 
which was laid out in the purchase of a farm called 
Fordland in Albury, for the apprenticing of poor 
children, providing a marriage portion for maid-ser- 
vants who had lived blamelessly in the same family for 
seven years, and the residue to the poor in alms. 

Summers' Charity was founded in 1807 by Mr. 
Thomas Summers, a hatter of Horsham, who used to 
travel between Horsham and Dorking. He left 100 
each to Horsham, Dorking, and Capel. The money 
was laid out in buying 134 3 per cent, consols, and 
the income is devoted to buying bread for the poor. 

An annuity of zot. for forty poor widows is charged 
upon a piece of land called Poor Folks' Close in 
Dorking, but the benefactor is unknown. 

Dorking Cottage Hospital, containing seventeen 
beds and three cots for children, was built in 1871 on 
land given at a nominal rent by Mrs. Hope of Deep- 
dene. It is supported by voluntary contributions and 
payment of patients. The Right Hon. G. Cubitt, M.P. 
(Lord Ashcombe), gave 1,000 towards the building. 



OCKLEY 



Aclea (x cent.), Hoclei (xi cent.), Okeley (xiii 
cent.), Occle, Ockel (xiv cent.), Okkeleghe, Hock- 
legh (xv cent.), Okeleigh, Okeley (xii cent.), and 
many other variations. 

Ockley is 7 miles south-west of Dorking. It has 
been bounded since 1879, when the outlying portions 
were consolidated with neighbouring parishes, by 
Abinger and Wotton on the west, by Capel on the 
north and east, and by the county of Sussex on the 
south. In 1901 ' a further rectification of the 
boundary with Wotton and Abinger was made. 
The parish contains 2,992 acres, and measures about 
4. miles from north-east to south-west, and about l^ 
miles from west to east. Since the outlying portions 
on Holmbury and Leith Hills have been separated the 
parish is entirely on the Wealden Clay, but in the 
northern part considerable beds of paludinae, forming 
the conglomerate called Sussex marble, occur. 

The parish is agricultural, except for a little brick 
and tile making. 

The Portsmouth line of the London, Brighton, 
and South Coast Railway passes through its eastern 
side. Ockley and Capel Station, in Ockley, was 
opened in 1867. Through the whole length of the 
parish the Roman road from London to Chichester, 
called the Stone Street, runs. For a considerable 
distance it is still used, but at both extremities of 
the parish the modern roads turn off abruptly from 
it, though the old line has been traced through the 
fields and copses. Ockley Church, Ockley Court, the 
remains of a fortified place to be noted presently, and 
probably the original Ockley village, lay a little 



distance off the road to the east. Along the line of 
what is called in the manorial rolls Stone Street 
Causeway, and all round Ockley Green, a large 
stretch of open common lying along the west side of 
the road, cottages and houses sprang up. These are 
now known as Ockley village, but were formerly 
called Stone Street. 8 There is no doubt that near 
here was fought the great battle in which Ethelwulf 
and Ethelbald defeated the Danes, probably in 851. 
It was at Aclea, among the Suthrige, according to the 
Anglo-Saxon Chronicle, and the existence of the 
road explains the movements of the armies. 8 The 
discovery of human remains on Etherley Farm in 
1882 may place the actual scene of conflict on the 
dry hillside north-west of Ockley Green.* Ockley in 
Surrey does not seem, however, to be the scene of the 
Synod of the 8th century ; the circumstances of 
which point to a place in the north of England. 

On the far side of the field north of Ockley 
Church, among some trees, is an earthwork. It was 
apparently a pear-shaped inclosure with the broader 
end to the east. The length is nearly 300 ft. At 
the eastern end is a broad mound with an extension 
thrown back at a right angle to face north. Outside 
this north-eastern angle is a ravelin or platform with 
traces of a ditch round it. The southern side is 
bounded by a stream in an artificially-straightened 
ravine. The eastern front may have been covered 
with an inundation. On the northern side only the 
traces of a ditch remain, but in the angle where this 
joins the stream, to the west, are traces of a small 
mound. West of this angle again are traces of an 



1 By Local Govt. Bd. Order, no. 
42600. 

a As e.g. in Burton, Iter Surrienst, 175 1, 
Rocque's map, 1770, and the map in 
Gibson's Camden, 1695. N.B. The 



modern spelling Stane Street is an affecta- 
tion. The natives call it Staan Street, as 
they call Dorking Barking, but the old 
spelling is Stone, and the local family 
name derived from it is Stonestreet. 

ISO 



r.C.H.Surr.\, 331,332. 

4 Ibid. The remains were in Wotton 
parish, but Ockley is very much nearer to 
the eitc than Wotton. 







OCKLEY GREEN, WELL, c. 1845 




DORKING CHURCH, BEFORE 1835 



WOTTON HUNDRED 



OCKLEY 



artificial bank, perhaps to make another inundation. 
Aubrey in the lyth century recognized the ' mole 
and mote ' of a castle, and a small castle of the De 
Clares, built in Stephen's time and dismantled by 
Henry II, is not impossible. It is a likely spot, near 
a main road, which was then no doubt in use for its 
whole length. 

Aubrey has preserved a tradition, repeated and 
ridiculed by later writers, that there was a castle here 
destroyed by the Danes, who placed battering engines 
on Bury Hill. All who notice the story take Bury 
Hill to be Anstiebury Camp, 2 miles or more away. 
But where the road ascends from Ockley towards 
Dorking, just before the branch to Coldharbour goes 
off on the left, the hill was called Bury Hill. 4a It is very 
much nearer, under half a mile away instead of over 
two, and although too far for a catapult to act, it is 
not an impossible camp for some force attacking a 
strong place near Ockley Church. Danes may be, of 
course, any enemy, described by that name from con- 
fusion of traditions. 

In the southern part of the parish, near Oakdale 
Farm, is a considerable moated inclosure with a 
double moat on two sides. The lane near it is called 
Smugglers' Lane. It is a way out of Sussex which 
avoids the high road. 

Dotted about on the village green are several houses 
and cottages embowered in trees ; and some of the 
trees along the main road are also of great size and 
beauty. Opposite to the turning that leads to the 
church is a picturesque old cottage with rough-cast 
walls and stone-slab roof, and several others in the 
village street are evidently of some antiquity. But it 
is the group of exceptionally fine old farm-houses 
within the borders of the parish which specially 
demand attention. 

The finest of these is King's Farm, in the south- 
west of the parish, a large rambling structure, chiefly 
of half-timber, but largely covered with weather 
tiling, with overhanging stories, projecting oriel bay 
windows, having moulded bressummers and shaped 
brackets and tall chimney stacks the shafts of the 
chimneys set diamond-wise upon square bases. Almost 
equally interesting are Boswell's or Bosell Farm, 
close to King's Farm, and Buckinghill Farm, in 
the north of the parish, both having overhanging 
timber-framed gables and stone-slab roofs. Hoi- 
brooks is another ancient farm-house. All have 
great open fireplaces and other characteristics of 
a past age, and their remoteness from railways and 
main roads has aided to preserve their primitive 
character. One called Trouts, though close to the rail- 
way line, is not easily accessible. It used to be known 
as Farley lands. 4 On a beam in the kitchen was 
lately a carved inscription : 

' LOOK WELL TO THY HOUSE IN EVERY DEGREE 
AND AS THY MEANS ARE SO LET THY SPENDINGS BE 

I 5 . .' 

Eversheds is an old farm-house and reputed manor, in 
the eastern part of the parish. It was the property 
of an old yeoman family named Evershed. Mr. John 
Evershed bought the manor of Ockley, as noted below, 
in 1694, and Eversheds was sold with the manor in 



1717. Its claim to be a manor rests only upon a 
mistaken identification with the Arseste of Domesday. 
Evershed is a place-name which gives its name to a 
family. Eversheds is the house of an Evershed. Arseste 
is possibly Hartshurst, a farm in Wotton under Leith 
Hill. 

Vann is the seat of Mrs. Campbell. It was held 
of Ockley Manor by a family named Margesson in 
the 1 7th century. Vann Pond is an extensive sheet 
of water, made by damming a stream in a narrow 
valley, with a view to providing water-power for a 
linen mill in the 1 8th century; but the mill was 
never built. 

Elderslie, on Ockley Green, is the seat of Mr. J. 
W. Arbuthnot. Mr. George Arbuthnot, grand- 
father of the present owner, resided there and died 
in 1843. The fountain on the green was built by 
Miss Jane Scott, governess in the Elderslie family, in 
1841. 

The present Rectory House, by the side of the 
Stone Street Causeway, was built at his own expense 
by the Rev. Thomas WoodroofFe shortly after he was 
instituted as rector in 1784. The older rectory was 
I mile further south, 2 miles from the church. 
This was not the original rectory, but was a farm- 
house on the glebe. 

The Domesday Survey Sa records that 
MANOR OCKLET (Ockley, Okeleigh, Ocklie, 
Hokeleye, Okkle, Ockele, &c.) was held 
by Ralph of Richard of Tonbridge, and that Almar 
held it of King Edward ; also that Richard himself 
held half a hide in this manor. The manor is here 
put under the heading of Woking Hundred. This 
may probably be merely a mistake ; but it is worth 
notice that Manning and Bray record that there was 
land in Ockley held of East Horsley Manor, in 
Woking Hundred, 6 and there was an isolated bit of 
Ockham parish inclosed in Ockley, Ockham being also 
in Woking and a manor of Richard of Tonbridge. 
This may be Richard's half-hide, valueless because 
it was on the barren slope of Holmbury Hill. 

In the early 1 3th century Alice daughter of Odo 
de Dammartin held inter alia one knight's fee in Ockley 
of the honour of Clare. 7 She held Tandridge also, 
and her lands passed to the Warblington family. 8 
It seems probable that one of Alice's predecessors 
enfeoffed the Malemayns family with Ockley, to be 
held by one knight's fee of their manor of Tand- 
ridge, 9 for they seem to have been already established 
in Ockley, as well as else- 
where in Surrey. In 1213 
Walter, Prior of Merton, 
made an exchange with Ni- 
cholas Malemayns of land in 
Ockley. 10 In 1241 John de 
Plessets paid 100 marks for 
the custody of the land and 
heirs of Nicholas Male- 
mayns. 11 Nicholas Malemayns 
in 1278 claimed to have a MALIMAYNS. Gules 

park in Ockley in his ma- thret right hands or. 
nor. 1 * In 1293 the king 

presented to the living of Ockley on the grounds 
of his custody of the lands and heirs of Nicholas 




43 Local information. 

6 Westcote Ct. R. 5 Nov. 1736. 

' y.C.H. Surr. i, 320*. 

Hat. of Surr. ii, 162. 



7 Ttita de Nevill (Rec. Com.), 219. 

8 John de Warbleton had a wife Alice ; 
Vriothesley, Pedigree* from Plea R. 285. 

9 Chan. Inq. p.m. 33 Edw. Ill, no. 41. 



10 Feet of F. Surr. 14 John, no. 42. 

11 Fine R. 25 Hen. Ill, m. 16 ; but 
this was not only in Ockley. 

" Plac. de Quo War. (Rec. Com.), 744. 



A HISTORY OF SURREY 



Malemayns, ' tenant in chief.' " The reason why 
he is called tenant-in-chief may be explained by a 
possible minority of the Warblington heir and also 
by the fact that in 1289-90, when the Earl of Glou- 
cester married Joan of Acre, daughter of Edward I, 
he surrendered all his lands to his royal father-in-law. 
He received a grant back of most of them, but not all, 
the same year. The king clearly reserved some 
manors in his own hands till his daughter's son should 
be of age ; when the earl died in 1295 Ockley does 
not appear in his Inquisitio as part of his lands. When, 
however, the son of his royal marriage, the young earl, 
was killed at Bannockburn, 1314, Ockley was one of his 
fees," together with several other Surrey manors which 
are not mentioned in connexion with his father. 
Edward I is said to have presented the manor 
by patent 15 to Nicholas Malemayns. No such 
entry is in the Patent Rolls, but in a Charter Roll of 
20 January 1 296 it appears that Nicholas Malemayns 
surrendered Ockley to the Crown, and that the king, 
after holding it for some time, re-granted it to him 
and his heirs by his wife Alice. In 1 300 a grant 
was made to Nicholas Malemayns of the assize of 
bread and ale and view of frankpledge in his manor 
of Ockley, as his ancestors had them, 16 and in 1 302 he 
received a grant of free warren, a weekly market on 
Tuesdays, and a fair on the feast of St. Margaret (the 
patron saint of the church)." Nicholas died at an 
unknown date. Another Nicholas died in 1350. 
This Nicholas Malemayns married Alice and left 
three daughters : Beatrice, who married Otho de 
Graunson ; Catherine, who married Sir Henry 
Newdigate ; Parnel, who married Sir Thomas 
Sentomer. The manor was divided between them. 
When Sir Otho de Graunson died in 1359, seised of 
one-third of the manor, it was said to be held of the 
manor of Tandridge, in spite of Nicholas Male- 
mayns having been called tenant-in-chief. The 
succession to the various parts is very uncertain ; 
but Beatrice the widow of Sir Otho de Graunson, the 
Newdigates, the descendants of Sir Thomas Sen- 
tomer, and in 1450 Richard Wakehurst, presented to 
the living. The heirs of the Graunsons do not appear 
again ; but they may be represented by Margaret, 
wife of John de Gaston (or Garton), who in 1368 
conveyed one-ninth of the manor to William Newdi- 
gate. 18 The Newdigates continued to present to the 
living at intervals till 1407. Meanwhile Parnel 
Malemayns and Sir Thomas Sentomer had two daugh- 
ters, Alice and Elizabeth. The latter disappears ; Alice 
married Sir William Hoo. His son Thomas granted 
Ockley to his brother John and John Glemham. 
Glemham, the survivor, or his heir, enfeoffed Sir 
Thomas Hoo, Lord Hoo and Hastings, who died 148 1. 
He left four daughters, but by a previous arrangement 
the manor passed to Richard Culpepper. Whether 
he represented any of the other branches or not is 
unknown. Probably the rights of the others, much 




CULPEPPER. Argent 
a bend engrailed gules. 



broken up, had been conveyed to the Hoos, 19 or for- 
gotten. 

Ockley remained in the possession of the Cul- 
pepper family until the time of Charles I, when it 
was sold to George Duncombe, 
of Weston, 10 who held his 
first court in 1638. He died 
in 1646, and was succeeded by 
his grandson George, son of 
his elder son John, deceased. 
This George held his first 
court in 1 648, but on his death 
soon afterwards, childless, the 
estate went to his uncle George 
of Shalford, who held his first 
court in 1654. He in his life- 
time conveyed it to his second 

son, Francis, who held his first court 22 March 
1658-9. Francis was created a baronet in 1662. 
He died before his father, in 1670; his widow 
Hester and her second husband, Thomas Smyth, 
held a court October 1671. Sir William Duncombe, 
her son, succeeded 1 in 1675, and in 1694 sold the 
manor to Edward Bax of Capel. Bax retained the 
manor-house and a little land round it, which was 
now separated from the manor, and in 1695 sold the 
manor to John Evershed, of an old yeoman family, 
which appears, in different holdings, in the rolls and 
parish books." 

John Evershed received from Queen Anne a grant 
of three fairs yearly at Stonestead Causeway, 6 Octo- 
ber, 10 May, and 3 June." Evershed in 1717 con- 
veyed to John Young," who in the same year released 
to Thomas Moore or More. 14 Thomas More held 
courts till 1734. His nephew William 26 held courts 
till 1 745, and died in 1 746. He left the manor in trust 
for Frederick son of Lord North of Guildford (who 
held courts 1746-9), but the estate was sold under 
a private Act in 1751 to Frank Nicholls, Ph.D., 
who had some lively controversy with the tenants on 
the subject of heriots." Dr. Nicholls died in 1778, 
and was succeeded by his son John. He sold in 1784 
to Lee Steere of Jays in Wotton, who died before 
the conveyance was completed, leaving his interest 
in the estate to his grandson Lee Steere Witts, who 
took the name of Steere. His great-great-grandson 
(Mr. H. C. Lee Steere) is the present owner. 18 

Ockley Court, the residence of Mrs. Calvert, 
widow of Colonel Calvert, is the old manor-house of 
Ockley. In 1 744 Nathaniel, son of Edward Bax, sold 
it to Mr. Thomas Tash, who died in 1770. His son 
William married a Miss Calvert, and having no children 
left the property to his wife. She left it to her relative 
(? nephew) Charles Calvert of Kneller Hall, Middle- 
sex, M.P. for Southwark. He died in 1833. His son 
Charles William succeeded, and was followed by his 
brother Colonel A. M. Calvert. His son Mr. W. A. 
Calvert lived recently at Broomells in Capel. 



w Cal. Pat. 1292-1301, p. 33. 

14 Chan. Inq. p.m. 8 Edw. II, no. 68. 
Ockley is here said to be held by Thomas 
de Warblington, of whom Malemayns was 
evidently holding as sub-tenant. 

15 Inq. Misc. Chan, file 329, 20 Edw. 
IV, no. 103. 

16 Cal. Pat. 1292-1301, p. 535. 
" Charter R. 30 Edw. I, no. 15. 

18 Feet of F. Surr. 42 Edw. Ill, 
no. 14. 



19 See Inq. of 20 Edw. IV.no. 103, for 
descent to Lord Hoo. 

Feet of F. Surr. Mich. 13 Chas. I. 

M From Ct. R. See History of the Bax 
family and Edward Ban's account book 
furnished by Mr. A. R. Bax. 

aa Rot. Orig. 2 Anne, pt. i, m. I. 

*> Feet of F. Surr. East. 3 Geo. I. 

M Ibid. Mich. 4 Geo. I. 

85 Manning and Bray, Surr, ii, 163. 

" Ibid. 

152 



*7 On the usual point, whether the 
tenant holding more than one copyhold 
owed a separate heriot on each or one for 
the whole. 

28 Mr. Richard Symmes, whose MSS. 
(B.M. Add. MSS.no. 6167) were used by 
Manning and Bray, was steward of the 
manor 1662-82, and Mr. Bray was 
steward under Dr. Nicholls up to 1788. 
All the existing Court Rolls have been 
examined. 




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WOTTON HUNDRED 



OCKLEY 



Holebrook is a farm in Ockley. William le 
Latimer (vide Wotton), who died in 1327, held 
Holebrook in Ockley of Nicholas Malemayns by 
payment of ^oJ. a year." 

ST. MARGARET is prettily situ- 
CHURCHES ated in a well-kept churchyard 
abutting upon the high road, and 
surrounded by some exceptionally fine trees. The 
site is level and low-lying, at some distance from the 
present village, and close to a patch of woodland. 
It must originally have been surrounded by woods. 

The building is of sandstone and rubble, dug from 
the neighbouring hills, with a small admixture of 
clunch, or hard chalk. Before 1873 it consisted only 
of a nave about 40 ft. by 22 ft., and a short chancel 
2 2 ft. wide by 1 9 ft. long, with a large tower, about 
176. square internally, and a porch on the south of 
the nave ; but in that year it was enlarged by the 
addition of a spacious north aisle, with an arcade of 
pointed arches, and an organ-chamber and vestries on 
the north of the chancel, while the chancel itself was 
nearly doubled in length. 

There is no trace in the walls of work earlier than 
the beginning of the 1 4th century, to which date the 
nave and chancel both originally belonged. 

There are two windows at present in the south 
wall of the chancel, one of which, to the west, is 
partly ancient and indicates a date of about 1 300. 
It is of two lights, cinquefoiled, and has a trefoiled 
spherical triangle, inclosing a trefoil, in the head. 
In the eastern window, which may have been removed 
from the north wall at the enlargement, the latter 
figure has six foliations. The roof and all other 
features in the chancel are modern. 

The south wall of the nave appears to be slightly 
later circa 1 3 20 and has two good buttresses and 
two well-proportioned traceried windows, each of two 
lights. The eastern of these retains the original net 
tracery, executed in local sandstone, but that to the 
west has been restored. Next to it eastward is the 
south entrance doorway, which is a plain example of 
the same date. It is approached through a most 
picturesque porch of open oak framework on a base 
of herringbone brick and timber. This has an arched 
opening to the front and two others on the sides, with 
arched braces inside, and the sides are partly filled in 
with a rail and turned balusters. The foliated barge- 
board is a restoration of that shown in Cracklow's 
view. Although probably not earlier than the first 
half of the 1 7th century, this porch retains all the 
spirit of the mediaeval carpentry in design and execu- 
tion. The framework is put together with projecting 
oak pins, and the roof, of somewhat flat pitch, retains 
its heavy stone healing. 

The massive western tower is another instance of 
the clinging to a traditional style. It is rude Gothic 
of 1 700 that being the date, with the name 
WILLIAM BVTLER SEifc, inscribed on the slope of a but- 
tress on the west wall. William Butler was a leading 
parishioner, perhaps churchwarden, in 1 700. The 
builder was Edward Lucas. The parish account 
books give the date as 1 699, when the contract for 
building was signed. The heads of the twin open- 
ings in the upper stage and of those below are 
elliptical or obtusely pointed, while in the interior 
the arch of the nave and the blind arches in the 
other walls are pointed, but with classical mouldings 



and imposts. The present battlements were heigh- 
tened at the restoration of 1873.. 

There is a curious square-headed two-light window 
of diminutive proportions next to the buttresses at 
the south-east end of the nave. Its openings, though 
only 8 in. wide, are further protected by stanchions and 
cross-bars. Its height from the floor removes it from 
the class known as low side-windows, but it corresponds 
very curiously with similar openings at Send and 
Woking churches in Surrey, which also occur in the 
eastern part of the nave and in the neighbourhood of 
an altar. All are of late date (c. 1480 to 1520). 

The nave roof is of early 14th-century date and 
retains its original moulded tie-beams and plates. 
That of the chancel is modern, but both are ' healed ' 
with Horsham slabs. 

In the eastern window of c. 1320 in the south 
wall of the nave is preserved some good glass with 
crocketed canopy-work, borders, and grisaille quarries 
of coeval date. There are no old wall-paintings. 

One or two ledgers with heraldry and some tablets 
of late 1 7th and early 18th-century dates remain in 
the tower, but with these exceptions the church is- 
remarkably destitute of ancient monuments. 

The registers date from 1539. They and the 
parish account books (which commence in 1683) are 
very full, and contain many curious entries. 

Besides modern pieces, the church plate includes a 
silver cup and paten of 1614 and a paten of 1716. 

There are six bells, all dated 1701, hung in a good 
solid cage, which is of the same date. 

St. John's Church on Ockley Green was consecrated 

5 December 1872 by Bishop Wilberforce. It is a 

plain building of stone, with pointed windows and a 

bell-turret. The first reference to 

ADrOWSON the church of Ockley is in the Taxatio 

of Pope Nicholas, 1291. 

In 1 293 the king presented to it on behalf of 
Nicholas Malemayns his ward. 30 The advowson re- 
mained with the manor until 

1694 when Sir William Dun- 

combe, at the same time that he 
sold the manor, sold the advow- 
son to John Constable of Ock- 
ley. Edward Bax, who bought 
the manor (q.v.), was a 
Quaker, and would not buy 
the advowson. Constable sold 
it in 1711 to Edward Bingdon 
of Dorking, who left it in 1719 
in trust for his sons James and 
Edward. It was sold in 1724 
for 1,000 to Clare Hall, 
Cambridge. 31 The College 
probably then knew nothing of the ancient ownership 
of Richard de Tonbridge, ancestor of their foundress. 
Smith's Charity is distributed as in 
CHARITIES other Surrey parishes. 

In 1624 Mr. Henry Spooner left a 
rent-charge of IO/. a year to the poor of the parish. 

In 1731 Mrs. Elizabeth Evershed left 100 to be 
invested in land to provide education 'according to 
the canons of the Church of England ' for poor 
children of the parish. With other benefactions of 
the late Mr. George Arbuthnot and the late Mr. Lee 
Steere, this provides an endowment of about 
a year for the schools. 




CLARE COLLEGE, CAM- 
BRIDGE. CLARE impaling 
DE BURGH all in a border 
table with drofi or. 



29 Chan. Inq. p.m. I Edw. Ill, no. 56. 
3 



80 Cal. Pat. 1292-1301, p. 
153 



33. M College Bks., communicated by the Matter. 

20 



A HISTORY OF SURREY 



WOTTON 



Odetone and Wodeton (xi cent.) ; Wodetone, Wo- 
dinton and Woditon (xiii cent.) ; Wodeton (xv 
cent.) ; Wodyngton, Wootton, and Wotton (xvi 
cent, and onwards). 

Wotton parish is bounded on the north by Effing- 
ham and Little Bookham, on the east by Dorking, 
Capel, and Ockley, on the south and west by Abinger. 
It formerly had a detached portion on the Sussex 
border, now attached to Abinger (see Abinger parish). 
The parish is still over 6 miles long from north to 
south, and never more than a little over a mile broad, 
and in places less. It contains 3,782 acres of land and 
14 of water. The church is 3 miles west-by-south of 
Dorking, and 9 miles east-by-south of Guildibrd. The 
Redhill and Reading branch of the South Eastern 
Railway and the road from Dorking to Guildford pass 
through the north of it. Two branches of the 
Tillingbourne rise in the northern slopes of Leith 
Hill, and run first from south to north and then 
east to west towards the Wey, uniting at Wotton 
House. The streams on the other slope of Leith 
Hill run to the Arun. The parish has the usual 
apportionment of soil in this part of Surrey. 
The northern boundary is on the summit of the 
chalk, here 5 77 ft. above the sea, the parish then 
crosses the Upper Green Sand and Gault ; the church, 
manor-house, and such compact village as exists are on 
the Lower Green Sand, and it reaches across this soil 
on to the Wealden Clay. It is now purely agricul- 
tural and residential, but iron mills, a wire mill, and 
perhaps gunpowder mills formerly existed in it. 1 

The most striking feature of the parish now is un- 
doubtedly the natural beauty which makes it the 
favourite resort of all lovers of the picturesque near 
London. The traveller, on foot or horseback (the 
road is not one for wheels), passing from the chalk 
country sees in front of him an ascending mass of 
broken sand hills, thickly planted with conifers and 
other trees upon their northern side. Leaving Wotton 
House on the right a bridle road leads through a 
forest of beeches alongside a succession of trout- 
pools, up the valley where John Evelyn first began 
the ornamental planting of his brother's grounds. 
Friday Street Pond, an old millpond with a cluster of 
cottages by it, is a Swiss lake in miniature. Passing on by 
another hamlet, King George's Hill, so named from a 
now extinct public-house, the path leads out on to 
the heather-covered common of Leith Hill. A view 
opens gradually to the west, as the ground ascends, 
but it is not till the traveller reaches the southern 
brow of the hill that the panorama bursts suddenly 
upon him. The summit of Leith Hill is the highest 
spot in the south-east of England, 967 ft. above the 
sea. The tower, which is not on exactly the highest 
point, but somewhat south of it, was intended to bring 
the height up to 1 ,000 ft., and has more than done so. 
It was built by Mr. Richard Hull of Leith Hill Place, 
in or before 1765, who acquired from Sir John Evelyn 
of Wotton the top of the hill, part of the waste of the 



manor of Wotton. 1 Two rooms were fitted up in it by 
Mr. Hull, and a staircase led to the upper room. Mr. 
Hull, dying in 1 772, was buried under the lower room, 
by his own direction. A stone in the wall of the tower 
used to record the fact. After his death the tower 
was uncared for and became ruinous and a haunt for 
disorderly characters. In 1796 Mr. Philip Henry 
Perrin of Leith Hill Place repaired it and raised it a 
few feet, adding a coping, but built up the door, filled 
up the interior for half the height with earth and stones, 
and left the upper part a mere shell. In 1 864 Mr. W. 
Evelyn of Wotton again repaired it, built the upper 
room, added a battlement, and made the top accessible, 
first, by means of a turret and staircase, then, when that 
was closed for a time, by an outside wooden staircase, 
and then by the turret stair again. The view from the 
top of the tower is more comprehensive than that 
from the hill, looking over the trees to the north, 
which obstruct the latter. The ground falls very 
abruptly to the south, giving a peculiar impression of 
height above the Weald below. The greater part of 
the county of Sussex, much of Kent as far as Ashford, 
Essex, the Laindon Hills, Middlesex, St. Paul's Cathe- 
dral, Highgate, Hampstead, and Harrow, Hertfordshire, 
Dunstable Down in Bedfordshire, the Chilterns in 
Buckinghamshire, Nettlebed in Oxfordshire, Berkshire, 
Hampshire, Inkpen in Wiltshire, and the sea through 
Shoreham Gap, are visible in clear weather.* But though 
the view from the tower is necessarily the most ex- 
tensive in Surrey, those from the western parts of 
Leith Hill are more picturesque, looking as they do 
over the more broken foreground afforded by Holmbury 
Hill. The small ditches round the tower, sometimes 
ignorantly mistaken for an ancient encampment, were 
made by the Royal Engineers, who were encamped 
here in 1844, correcting the Ordnance Survey. The 
cottages near the foot of the hill are collectively known 
in the neighbourhood as The Camp. 

In addition to the ground near the top of the hill, 
there is a very large extent of open country, covered 
with heather and conifers, in Wotton parish. The 
part on the east side of the parish is called Broadmoor. 

A fine polished neolithic flint found near the tower 
is preserved at Leith Hill Place. The present writer 
has found a very considerable number of flint flakes 
and a few implements not very far from the tower. 
In Deer Leap Wood, to the north of Wotton House, 
in what was part of the park attached to it, is a mound 
with traces of a double ditch round it. The mound 
is about 12 to 14 ft. high, and about 90 yds. in cir- 
cumference. It seems to have been dug into, but no 
record of exploration is to be found. It is marked as 
a barrow on the 6-in. Ordnance map. 

At the southern foot of Leith Hill, a jar containing 
about thirty gold coins of Henry VIII, Edward VI, 
and Elizabeth was found in 1837. The coins are at 
Wotton House. 

Tillingbourne, or Lonesome, as it used to be called, 
or earlier still Filbrook Lodge, is the property of the 



1 V.C.H. Surr, ii, 236, 312, &c., and tate, Leith Hill Place, q.v., under successive storation, and the Court Rolls of the manor 



Evelyn's Letter to Aubrey vol. 
Aubrey's Surr. 



of changes of ownership till Mr. Wedgwood 
sold it to Mr. Evelyn in the last century. 



speak of the tower as existing in 1765. 
3 Copy of the bearings of various points 



Mr. Hull bought the land on which the The inscription on the Tower gives the taken by the Royal Engineers in 1844, in 
Tower stands. It remained part of his e- date 1766, but the 66 is an evident re- the possession of Mr. Maiden. 

154 



WOTTON HUNDRED 



WOTTON 



Duke of Norfolk. The present occupier is Mr. Sidney 
Ricardo. The original house was built by the side of 
the valley, which runs northward from near the tower 
towards Wotton Hatch, in 1 740, by Theodore Jacob- 
sen, a Dutch merchant resident in England. A stream 
was artificially diverted to form what is now a pictur- 
esque waterfall, and a fountain and other ornamental 
waterworks were made in front of the house. These, 
with part of the garden, mark its former site. The 
original house was neglected, and by 1 845 had become 
ruinous. It was pulled down before 1855, but a 
steward's house on the estate, lying a little farther north, 
was let as a gentleman's house, and 
has been enlarged to form the pre- 
sent Tillingbourne House. 

Tanhurst, on the south-western 
slope of Leith Hill, late the resi- 
dence of Mrs. Cazalet, formerly of 
Greenhurst, Capel, is the property 
of Lady Vaughan Williams, wife of 
Lord Justice Williams and daughter 
of the late Mr. Edmund Lomax. 
Before 1795 it was bought by 
Mr. William Philip Perrin, owner 
also of Parkhurst (see Abinger) and 
Leith Hill Place. The next owner 
was Sir H. Fitzherbert, during 
whose ownership the eminent Sir 
Samuel Romilly rented the house 
up to the time of his death in 1 8 1 8. 
It was bought by Mr. E. Lomax 
(see Shiere) in 1827.* Mr. Lomax, 
who was twice married, died in 
1839, and left Netley in Shiere to 
Mrs. Fraser, Parkhurst in Abinger 
to Mrs. Scarlett, children of his 
first wife, and Tanhurst to Lady 
Vaughan Williams, daughter of his 
second wife. Lord Justice and 
Lady Vaughan Williams reside at 
High Ashes on the same property. 

Jayes Park, close to Ockley 
Green, is the seat of Mr. Henry 
Lee Steere, lord of the manor of 
Ockley, but this house is in Wot- 
ton. Jayes was the seat of the 
Steere family for many genera- 
tions. Mr. Lee Steere, who died in 
1 784, left it to the son of his daugh- 
ter and of Mr. Richard Witts, 
Lee Steere Witts. On reaching 
his majority in 1 795 he assumed the 
name of Steere, and the family 
have resided ever since at Jayes. 

The schools were built in 1852, 
rebuilt in 1874, and enlarged in 
1885. 

The ecclesiastical parish of Okewood formed from 
Wotton, Ockley, and Abinger in 1853 is a district 
formerly very difficult of access owing to the clay lanes. 
In addition to the parish church there is a Congrega- 
tional chapel and a national school built in 1873. 

Hale House, containing some old parts, is the pro- 
perty of Mr. H. Lee Steere of Ockley, and the residence 
of Mr. Henry P. Powell. This is no doubt the place 
belonging to Edward de la Hale (died 1431), who 



restored Okewood Chapel (vide infra). In the Ockley 
Court Rolls, 1648, it appears that a Mr. Steere had 
lately built a good house at Hale, of which part re- 
mains in the present house. 

Redford is the seat of Lady Abinger. Leith Vale 
was the seat of the late Miss Cooper Brown (ob. 1907), 
who was for many years churchwarden of Okewood. 

According to Domesday, Harold held 

MANOR WOTTON T.R.E., and at the time of 

the Survey Oswald, an Englishman, held 

it. 4 It is noteworthy that in 1086 Richard de 

Tonbridge, the ancestor of the Clares, Earls of 




WOTTON CHURCH : THE WEST TOWER FROM THE SOUTH 



Gloucester, who afterwards held Wotton in chief, 
was already holding there one hide of Oswald.* 
Richard is known to have gained possession of other 
parts of Oswald's land, and he even sublet some of 
Oswald's former possessions at Mickleham to him. 7 
The overlordship of Wotton seems to have always 
afterwards been with the honour of Clare. 8 

The first immediate lord of whom there is mention 
is Ralph de Camoys, who owed one knight's service 



* Bill of tale. 

y.C.H. Surr. i, 328,1. 



Ibid. 

' Ibid. 283 and 3170. 

155 



8 Chan. Inq. p.m. 43 Hen. Ill, no. 28; 
ibid. 49 Edw. Ill (ntpt. 2nd not.), no. 46. 



A HISTORY OF SURREY 



for Wotton to the honour of Clare, 9 and in 1235 
made a grant of land in Wotton, 10 while in 1241 he 
was definitely reported to be seised of the manor." 
It is known, however, that in the reign of King John 
one Ralph de Camoys claimed that part of the vill of 
Tansor (Northants) had been granted to his grand- 
father by Roger de Clare" and it is possible that 
Wotton may have been granted at the same time. In 
1259 Ralph died, leaving Ralph his son and heir aged 
forty. 13 The younger Ralph was succeeded some 
twenty years later by his son John," from whom 
Wotton apparently passed to the family of Fancourt, 
probably by sale, since the impoverishment of the 
Camoys family at that date is a matter of common 
knowledge. 16 Walter de Fancourt was seised of the 
manor in I28o, 16 and presented a priest to Okewood 
Chapel in 1290." In 1306 Matilda his widow, 
who had married one Henry le Perkes, 18 claimed 
dower in the manor of Wotton from William le 
Latimer, into whose hands it had by that time 
passed. 19 

William le Latimer died in 1 3 27,* leaving William 
his son and heir, aged twenty-six.* 1 This William 
survived his father only eight years,** and during the 
minority of his son, another William, the manor seems 
to have been in the custody of Thomas Latimer,** 
who was probably uncle to the heir. Thomas, pos- 
sibly in return for his custodianship, retained the 
manor during the term of his life ; at his death in 
1 356 it passed into the possession of William," who was 
then twenty-six years old. William conveyed it to 
trustees in 1377. At his death in 1381 " he left 
Wotton by will to his cousin, Thomas de Camoys,* 6 
who presented to the living in 1382." Thomas 





ooo 




LATIMIR. 
erou paty or. 



Gules a 



CAMOYS. Argent a 
chief gules viith thru 
roundels argent therein. 



enfeoffed certain trustees of the manor, who curiously 
enough bore the same surnames as those to whom 
William Latimer had released in 1 377.** 

Thomas de Camoys died seised in March 1422," 
and Hugh his grandson and next heir survived him 



only five years. 10 Wotton, however, is not mentioned 
among Hugh's possessions at his death. Roger lord 
of Camoys, probably a younger son of Thomas, was 
in possession shortly after the death of Hugh, 81 and 
in 14.29 he released all his rights in the manor to 
Thomas Morestede." The dispersion of the Camoys' 
lands after the death of Thomas de Camoys is well 
known,* 3 and its occurrence immediately before the 
Civil War, which wrought so much confusion in 
landed property, increases the difficulty of tracing 
them. 

According to Manning and Bray, 34 who give a 
contemporary court roll as their authority, Wotton 
was held by Sir William Estfield in 1444. In 1479 
Stephen Middleton was in possession, and some five 
years later it was held by Humphrey de Bohun.* 5 Sir 
David Owen, a natural son of Owen Tudor, married 
as his first wife the heiress of the Bohuns of Mid- 
hurst, 38 and Wotton perhaps passed to him with his 
wife or was bought by him, for it became his property, 
and he left it to Henry son of his third wife Anne 
Devereux, 37 and after him to his son John by the same 
wife. Sir Owen died in 1542. John held courts from 
1548 to IS53- 38 His son Henry held courts in I 568 
and 1579, when he and Elizabeth his wife conveyed 
the estate to George Evelyn of Long Ditton, 39 in 
whose family it has since re- 
mained. 

Wotton House, the home 
and birthplace of the famous 
John Evelyn, is built, like so 
many old houses, in a hollow. 
There is nothing visible in the 
present rambling and irregular 
building of older date than the 
close of the 1 6th century, and 
even such parts of this date as 
remain are so surrounded by 
later additions as to be distin- 
guished only with difficulty. 
Besides rebuildings and extensions of the I7th and 
1 8th centuries, the east wing, which had been 
destroyed, was added on an enlarged plan by Mr. 
W. J. Evelyn in 1864. Thus, although the core of 
the house is ancient, but little remains visible exter- 
nally of the house in which John Evelyn lived, and 
which he helped to render famous by the beautiful 
gardens, largely of his own creation. These in part 
remain, although greatly altered in later times. For- 
tunately two drawings, still at Wotton, from John 
Evelyn's own hand, give a minute record of the 
house, with its moat and artificial waters, as they 
appeared in the middle of the 1 7th century. 40 In 




EVILYN of Wotton. 
Avure a griffon passant 
and a chief or. 



> Testa de Nevill (Rec. Com.), 219. 

10 Feet of F. SUIT. 19 Hen. Ill, no. 20. 

11 Ibid. Div. Co. 25 Hen. Ill, no. 170. 
Plac. Abbrev. (Rec. Com.), 82. 

11 Chan. Inq. p.m. 4] Hen. Ill, no. 28. 

" Ibid. 5 Edw. I, no. i. 

u Cal. Close, 1279-88, pp. 52-4, &c. 

18 Feet of F. Surr. 8 Edw. I, no. 10. 

W Wykeham's Register. 

is De Banco R. 161, m. 183. 

" Ibid. 

80 Chan. Inq. p.m. I Edw. Ill (itt nos.), 
no. 56. Ibid. 

88 Ibid. 9 Edw. Ill (ist nos.), no. 51. 

Feet of F. Surr. 26 Edw. Ill, no. 7. 

M Chan. Inq. p.m. 29 Edw. Ill (lit 
nos.), no. 30. 

55 Exch. Inq. p.m.(Ser.l), file457,no. I. 



Hart. MS. 6148, fol. 139. 
V ITjkeham'i Register (Hants Rec. 
Soc.), i, 132. 

88 Close, 1 3 Ric. II, pt. i, m. 1 2 d. 

89 Chan. Inq. p.m. 9 Hen. V, no. 29. 
o Ibid. 5 Hen. VI, no. 16. 

l Close, 7 Hen. VI, m. 7 d. 

88 Ibid ; see alto Feet of F. Surr. 
1 1 Hen. VI, no. 20. 

*> The difficulty of tracing the direct 
Camoys line was experienced at the time of 
the reviYal of the Camoys barony in 1838. 

4 Hist, of Surr. ii, under Wotton. Bray 
was steward of Wotton. 

85 Chan. Inq. p.m. i Ric. Ill, no. 26. 
Possibly some light may be thrown on 
these changes of ownership by the fact 
that in 1465 (Close, 4 Edw. IV, m. n d.) 

I S 6 



one Thomas Middleton being enfeoffed 
to the use of William Estfield, kt., de- 
mised property in Middlesex to Hum- 
phrey Bohun. This entry seems at any 
rate to prove the existence of some re- 
lationship between those three persons 
which may explain their having been con- 
nected with the manor in turn. 

Suss. Arch. Soc. Coll. vii, 25. 

7 See Sir David's will, printed in Suss. 
Arch. Coll. vii, 38. *> Ct. Rolls. 

Cat. Anct. D. iii, 75 (A45io). 

40 Surr. Arch. Call, xvii, 70. One bears 
the title, in John Evelyn's writing, 'The 
prospect of the old house at Wotton, 
1640 ' ; the other ' A Rude draght of Wot- 
ton Garden before my Bro : altered it & 
as it was 1640 ; South.' 







JP> 





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WOTTON HUNDRED 



WOTTON 



Abbot's Hospital, Guildford, is a poor oil painting of 
Wotton House from the north of about the same 
date. The Elizabethan house, apparently, was of 
brick, with tiled roofs pantiles in some cases mul- 
lioned windows, and tall stacks of chimneys. It was 
built in a rambling fashion with long ranges of stab- 
bling and outbuildings, including a dovecote. It was 
surrounded by a moat which was enlarged into a 
swan pool in the rear of the house, and the view of 
the garden front shows a low terrace wall following the 
moat, with some little summer-houses, a rustic temple, 
and a formal flower garden. There is also a large 
oriel window with a high leaded roof projecting over 
a stone entrance doorway, marked on the drawing, 
' Hall dore to the Garden.' Among the many trea- 
sures in the present house is the Prayer Book used by 
Charles I on the scaffold. There are also the MSS. 
of John Evelyn and a Bible of three volumes filled 
with notes. In the library his large and curious col- 
lection of books remains, many of the bindings display- 
ing his device of intertwined palm, olive, and oak 
branches, with the motto, ' Omnia explorate, meliora 
retinete.' Kneller's fine half-length portrait of John 
Evelyn is in the drawing-room, together with his son 
and Mrs. Godolphin, his 'deare friend,' whose 
worthy life ' he has ' consecrated to posterity.' 

There are several ancient houses of minor import- 
ance in the parish ; one with gables and stone-mul- 
lioned windows, set in an old-world garden at a 
corner of the high road, is specially noteworthy. 

There was a mill at Wotton in the time of Domes- 
day, which reappeared among the possessions of 
William le Latimer in 1337. It does not seem to 
occur elsewhere. It was possibly on the site of the 
old disused mill-dam at Friday Street, or on the 
stream higher up, where an old dam, now cut, and 
former pond are visible. The mill (this or both 
these) at Wotton was afterwards used for manufac- 
turing purposes of different kinds. 

The manor of GOSTERWOOD (Gostrode, xiv 
cent.) in Wotton should probably be identified with 
the hide of land in Wotton which was held by 
Corbelin of Richard de Tonbridge at the time of the 
Domesday Survey." In 1280 Nicholas Malemayns 
acquitted Henry de Somerbury of services which were 
exacted from him in connexion with his free tene- 
ment in Wotton." Henry died seised of this tene- 
ment in 1317, and it is recorded that he did suit 
for it at Nicholas Malemayn's court at Ockley.* 3 
In 1337 another Henry de Somerbury, who died in 
that year, had this holding in his possession ; it then 
appears as ' Gostrode in the vill of Wotton.' " 

From that time the material for the history of 
Gosterwood is scanty. In 1527 Robert Draper and 
Elizabeth his wife conveyed it to Henry Wyatt and 
others, and it is then for the first time called a 
manor." Richard Hill died seised of it" in 1550, 
leaving it to his son Edmund, who was still hold- 
ing it in 1 574," when he settled it on his wife 
Catherine Brown. This son Richard conveyed it in 



1593 to George Evelyn, in whose descendants it has 
remained. 

LEITH HILL PLACE is in the outlying part of 
Ockley, which was inclosed in Wotton and added to 
this parish in 1879. ^ ' s traditionally the head of a 
manor, but this is erroneous. It stands in the manor 
of Wotton, and not in the manor of Ockley, as other 
outlying parts of the parish were. 

The house was a gentleman's house of very con- 
siderable antiquity, to judge from the sketch of its old 
state furnished by Mr. Perrin to Manning and Bray's 
history. The sketch was dated 1700, and shows a 
16th-century front upon probably an older house. 
There was a secret chamber in the wall, usually 
called a priest's hole, only accessible by a trap-door, 
but this has now been opened into the adjoining 
room. 

The builder is unknown. The site of the house 
was originally called Welland, but Leith is mentioned 
among the properties which fenced Ockley churchyard 
in 1628. In 1664 Mrs. Mary Millett, widow, of 
Harrow, Middlesex, settled Leith Hill Place on 
herself for life, with remainder to Henry Best of 
Gray's Inn. Katherine daughter and heir of Henry 
Best married Henry Goddard of Richmond, co. 
York. In 1706 they sold to John Worsfold of 
Ockley, who sold it to Colonel Folliott,* 8 after- 
wards General Folliott, who was a justice of the 
peace resident in Ockley parish as early as 1728." 
He altered the house of Leith Hill Place to its pre- 
sent form. His admission as a tenant of Wotton 
Manor is not on record, as the court rolls are not 
complete so early. Two acres of the waste were 
granted to him in 1742. He died in 1748, his 
only child Susanna having died in 1743." In 1760 
John Folliott, his heir, alienated Welland to Richard 
Hull, who built Leith Hill Tower in 1765, receiving 
a grant of the Tower and 4 acres of waste. 61 In 
1777 Richard Hull alienated to Harry Thompson. 5 * 
In 1788 Thompson's heirs alienated to Philip W. 
Perrin, owner and resident at Parkhurst. During his 
ownership the house was let as a school. Mr. Perrin 
died in 1 824, and his heir was Sir Henry Fitzherbert, 
who sold in 1829 to John Smallpeice, who conveyed 
it in 1847 to Josiah Wedgwood, a descendant of the 
great Wedgwood and cousin and brother-in-law to 
Charles Darwin. His daughters Miss Wedgwood and 
Mrs. Vaughan Williams reside there now. 

The reputed manor of ROOKHAM (Rokenham, 
xiv cent.) in the parishes of Ockley and Wotton may be 
connected with the grant of two crofts made by Thomas 
de Rokenham to his son John in 1314." These lands 
evidently passed to the Newtimber family in the same 
century, for in 1399 Robert Newtimber conveyed to 
trustees a messuage and two curtilages, with other 
lands and tenements at Rookham, which were said to 
have formerly belonged to John de Rokenham. 54 In 
1418 the trustees of Thomas de Pinkhurst, whose 
family had held property in Rookham for some years, 55 
released his lands to Robert Newtimber. 66 



y.C.H. Surr. i, 338*. 
Feet of F. Surr. 8 Edw. I, no. 10. 
* Chan. Inq. p.m. II Edw. II, no. 50. 
44 Ibid. 1 1 Edw. Ill (nt nos.), no. 39. 
Feet of F. Surr. Mil. 18 Hen. VIII. 
48 Chan. Inq. p.m. (Ser. 2), rcii, 79. 
*1 Recov. R. Hil. 17 Eliz. 
48 Manning and Bray, Hitt. of Surr. in, 
App. clvi. 



Ockley Pariih Bki. 

40 Family tomb of General Folliott in 
Ockley churchyard and registers. 

61 The inicription on the tower ayi 
1766, but the grant of the tower is 1765. 

w Richard Hull died 1772, aged eighty- 
three (inicription formerly visible in the 
tower), so this Richard was hii heir. 
Manning and Bray (loc. cit.) lay that 

'57 



General Folliott's widow and Mary Har- 
loehis niece told to Richard Hull in 1754, 
and that Hull's heirs sold to Thompion 
in 1773. This it not compatible with 
the court roll, unless the site of the 
house had been separated from the manor. 
It is supposed now to be in the manor. 

Add. Chart, gozi. M Ibid. 18687. 

Ibid. 18654. " Ibid. 18702. 



A HISTORY OF SURREY 



Apparently Rookham passed from the Newtimbers 
to the family of Hale," since in 1537 Thomas Bourgh, 
grandson of Elizabeth sister of Henry at Hale, granted 
OJt rent from lands called Rookham and Newtimber in 
Ockley and Wotton. 69 From him the estate passed to 
John Caryl), who in 1560 made a settlement of the 
' minor of Rookham ' on his son Thomas." It seems 
probable that the manor soon afterwards ceased to 
exist as a separate entity ; for in 1610 a certain John 
Hayne died seised of 'lands called Frenches, late 
parcel of the tenement called Rookham in Wotton.' 
These lands are stated to have comprised 1 8 acres in 
extent. 60 Hayne also held lands in Ockley called 
Millmeades, alias Ruckingham meades, but in the 
Ockley Court Rolls of 1648 William Hayne holds 
these of Ockley Manor, while Rookham in Wotton is 
unmentioned ; they were not therefore part of this 
manor and are still included in Ockley Manor. 



his death (1558), being the jointure of his widow 
Jane. Their son Sir Edward, his son Reginald, and 
Lady Bray conveyed the reversion to Thomas God- 
man of Letherhead. In 1601 he conveyed it to 
John Aleyn, whose son Henry conveyed to George 
Evelyn of Wotton. 64 

The church of ST. JOHN THE 
CHURCHES EF4NGELIST is not mentioned in 
Domesday, but from certain evidence 
in the existing structure it was probably standing in 
the 1 1 th century. It is most beautifully situated on 
the summit of a steep ridge, its east and south sides 
overlooking a beautiful green valley and the hillside 
opposite, which has all the appearance of the wild 
down-land country of Sussex or Dorset, with patches 
of bracken and blackberry bushes and clumps of fine 
park-like trees, many, no doubt, of John Evelyn's own 
planting. In the hollow behind this hill, to the south 




CHAPEL OF ST. JOHN THE BAPTIST, OKKWOOD, FROM THE SOUTH-WEST 



Rookham is a farm south of Okewood Hill, just 
north of the Sussex border, upon the edge of the 
detached part of Wotton parish now added to Abinger, 
east of Ockley. Rucknam Mead and the old Rucken- 
ham contributed to the repair of Ockley churchyard 
fence in l628. 61 

WESTLJND was in Wotton, Abinger, Cranleigh, 
Albury, Ewhurst, and Wonersh. The courts were 
held at Okewood Hill in Wotton. In 1424-5 John 
Newdigate was owner, and granted a lease of it. 6 ' 

In 1494 John Newdigate conveyed it to Ralph 
Leigh of Paddington in Abinger, 6 * with which it 
passed to Sir Edward Bray. It was separated after 



east, lies Wotton House. The churchyard is sur- 
rounded by noble trees here, again, in some cases, of 
Evelyn's planting. Two grand old beeches, with 
wide-spreading boughs, that formed a conspicuous 
feature, immediately to the north-east of the church, 
have unhappily been cut down within recent years ; 
other fine beeches are to be seen to the west of the 
church, and there is a very beautiful avenue of limes 
and horse-chestnuts leading to the south porch. The 
churchyard contains a number of old wooden ' bed- 
heads,' and a number of curiously-carved 18th-century 
head-stones, some table-tombs and other memorials 
ancient and modern, among the latter being many 



7 Probably Edward de la Hale, the 
benefactor of Okewood Chapel (q.v.), was 
i member of this family, as the places 
ire all close together. 

58 Add. Chart. 18792. 



"Ibid. 18846. 

60 W. & L. Inq. p.m. bdle. 36, no. 163. 
Ockley Pari.h Bks. 
63 Manning and Bray, Hitt. of Surr. ii, 
'53- 

I 5 8 



M Feet of F. Surr. 9 Hen. VII, 33. 

84 Manning and Bray, Hist, of Surr. ii, 
152. (Bray was steward of the manor.) 
From Ct. R. and deeds of Mr. Evelyn. 



WOTTON HUNDRED 



WOTTON 



stones to the family of the late Sir Edward Vaughan- 
Williams. The most interesting of the older monu- 
ments is a beautifully-carved urn, of white marble, 
bearing cherubs' heads, which marks the grave of 
William Glanville nephew of John Evelyn, on the 
north side of the churchyard. 

The church is largely covered with ivy, especially 
the tower ; and however picturesque the covering, it 
is much to be regretted, as causing slow but sure 
injury to the fabric, and hiding interesting features 
and marks of age. The walls are for the most part 
constructed of hard yellow Bargate stone rubble, still 
covered generally with a thin coat of ancient plaster 
or mortar, with dressings of Bargate stone and fire- 
stone. The modern parts are faced with the same 
rubble and with dressings of a ruddy sandstone and 
Bath stone, the vestry on the north being of old red 
brickwork. The roofs are still covered with Horsham 
slabs, except the porch and vestries, which are tiled. 
From the fiat conical roof of the tower rises a pic- 
turesque square wooden superstructure, also covered 
with a flat-pitched conical roof. 

In plan the church consists of a western tower, 
1 1 ft. from east to west internally, by 1 5 ft. from north 
to south ; nave, 3 3 ft. long by 1 8 ft. 
wide ; chancel, 1 9 ft. long by 1 5 ft. 
wide ; a short aisle opening by a 
single arch from the north side of 
the nave at its eastern end, 17 ft. 6 in. 
long by 1 3 ft. 6 in. wide, and com- 
municating with the Evelyn Chapel, 
on the north side of the chancel, 1 9 ft. 
long by 146. 6 in. wide. From this 
again a comparatively modern door 
opens into a second mortuary chapel 
recently turned into a parish room for 
vestry meetings. On the south side 
of the tower is an exceptionally roomy 
porch, rebuilt, but upon old founda- 
tions, and a modern vestry on the 
south side of the chancel. With all 
these alterations and additions, the 
plan of the simple tower, nave, and 
chancel of the early church re- 
mains. 

The walls of the nave are of 
exceptional height (over 1 8 ft.), and 
they and the lower part of the tower 
are in all probability of pre-Conquest date ; other 
indications of this period being the huge stones of 
which the quoin on the north-west of the nave and 
the piers of the tower arch are constructed. The 
plain, rude arch itself, of exceptional height and of 
flattened horseshoe outline, springing from a point 
about 6 in. within the line of the jambs, with rudely- 
chamfered imposts, returned at the ends, is quite 
consistent with this early date. Both arch and piers 
are square-edged. The comparative thinness of the 
east and west walls of the tower (2 ft. 4. in.), taken 
with their height, and the piers and arch being built 
of through stones all tooled with the pick, instead 
of the axe or chisel are other indications of the early 
date claimed, which may well be about 1050. The 
upper courses of stones in the piers are in Bargate 



stone, all the rest being in firestone." In the south 
wall of the tower, to the west of the later doorway, 
is a small early window, now blocked, unfortunately 
invisible on the outside owing to the ivy. The north 
and south walls of the tower are considerably thicker 
than the east and west over 3 ft. on the north and 
3 ft. on the south and there is a set-back of a few 
inches at a height of about 8 ft. from the floor. As 
usual in early towers, there is no staircase. The 
upper windows are plain, square-headed openings, 
much hidden by the ivy, but perhaps of 13th-century 
date. 

A peculiar and very puzzling feature is the blocked 
arch in the west wall of the tower, corresponding to 
that in the east wall. It is a few inches north of the 
centre of the tower, and while the piers have cham- 
fered imposts similar to those of the eastern archway, 
the arch itself is obtusely pointed. This, however, 
may be due to its crown having been reset at the time 
when it was blocked up and the early 13th-cen- 
tury window inserted within it. The puzzle is into 
what this arch originally opened ; and as all traces 
above ground of the building have vanished, the 
suggestion can only be offered tentatively that a por- 



c 1030 
LC.I19O- 
VTO- 122O 

C.183O 



DftTES- 

~ c.iaso 




PLAN OF WOTTON CHURCH 

ftV/,such as has been found in this position at St. Peter's, 
Barton-on-H umber, and other pre-Conquest churches, 
may have stood here on the western side of the tower. 
A little excavation would throw light on the nature of 
this annexe. 

The two buttresses at either disengaged angle of 
the tower appear to be ancient features modernized, 
excepting, possibly, that on the south face, which may 
be original, but here again the ivy prevents any 
examination. The north wall of the nave is blank for 
more than half its length, but a careful search might 
disclose an original window behind the plaster. 

The south porch, which is built against the wall of 
the tower, is modern in its present form, but is upon 
the lines of an older structure. The well-known 
reference in Evelyn's Diary to his having been in- 



65 The masonry of the piers has some- 
thing of the appearance of 'long and 
short' work, a well-known characteristic 
of pre-Conquest building. Some of the 



' long ' stones are over 2 ft. in height, the 
' short ' ones being less than half that 
dimension. There is a close resemblance 
between this arch and the early chancel 

'59 



arches, of horse-shoe shape (both pre- 
Conquest or late iith century) at Elated 
and Chithurst, Sussex. 



A HISTORY OF SURREY 



structed in the rudiments of learning from the age of 
four years by one Frier by name in the porch of Wotton 
Church, applies in all likelihood, not to the prede- 
cessor of this porch, but to the tower, which is spacious, 
and forms a sort of porticus, or lobby, to the nave. 

In the south wall of the tower, within the porch, 
is a very remarkable doorway. It is wide, with a 
pointed head of somewhat distorted shape, and of two 
orders with a hood-moulding and shafts to the jambs. 
The hood-moulding has a member of pear-shaped 
section, and there is another such member in the 
outer order, flanked by quirked hollows. The inner 
order has a chamfer on the edge, but projecting from 
its angle, worked on the face of the chamfer are a 
series of minutely-carved little busts, each only about 
3 in. in height, representing laymen and ecclesiastics, 
four on either side of the arch. The bottom one on 
each side is a modern restoration ; the others appear 
to represent a pope (with the tall extinguisher-shaped 
head-dress of the period), a king, a priest, a nobleman, 
a queen (with crown and wimple), and a pilgrim. The 
voussoirs on which these are carved are of green fire- 
stone, and the alternate voussoirs are chalk, the sand- 
stones alternating in the outer order. The impost 
moulding is carried round the chamfer, and forms the 
abacus of the shaft capital. This is circular with 
moulded upper part and necking, the intervening 
space being filled with vertical concave flutings, in 
this detail and the alternation of the arch stones 
recalling the south arcade of the nave at Alding- 
bourne Church, Sussex work of the same date 
c. 11901210. The shafts have moulded annulets 
and bases. 86 The inner jambs and arch of the door- 
way appear to have belonged to an earlier opening, 
the arch being semicircular and a good deal worn, 
but it is possibly of the same date as the outer arch. 
A hideous cast-iron gate, apparently put here at the 
restoration of 1858, disfigures this curious and 
beautiful doorway, and every time it is opened cuts 
into its arch-stones. 

Of the original chancel arch, destroyed in the 
same disastrous period to make way for the present 
wide and lofty arch, no very full information is attain- 
able, but it would appear to have been a narrow, 
square-edged opening, perhaps not more than 6 ft. in 
width, and, flanking it on either side, tall pointed- 
arched altar recesses were found, of which the outline 
of half of the arches can still be seen. They were 
then blocked up so that the original depth, which 
was probably not more than a foot, can only be 
guessed. 

The church seems to have been largely remodelled, 
the chancel practically rebuilt, and the aisle with its 
chancel or chapel added on the north side about 
1210. The existing triplet of lancets in the east 
wall of the chancel is entirely modern, replacing a 
three-light probably of the 141)1 or 1 5th century, but 
portions of the original group of three lancets that 
preceded this were found in the wall at the 1858 
restoration. In the south wall of the chancel is a 
small sedile under a plain, pointed arm, and in the 
southern part of the east wall a simple piscina, both 
of c. 1 2 10. Above the sedile is a two-light window, 
a pair, of lancets, under one arch internally, worked 



in firestone, and now opening into the modern 
vestry. These are shown in an old engraving of the 
church prior to 1858. Beyond them, to the west, is 
a single lancet, shown in the same engraving, beneath 
which, and divided from it by a sill transom, is a 
wider square or oblong opening rebated for a shutter, 
which is one of the best instances in Surrey of the 
low side window. Unfortunately the firestone of 
this and the lancet window over it was exchanged for 
Bath stone at the ' restoration," at which time the low 
side window was brought to light and unblocked. 67 
There is now no iron grate in the opening, and the 
present shutter is modern and fanciful in design. 

The chancel of c. 1210 opened to the north chapel 
by a wide pointed arch, which, since about the 
beginning of the I yth century, has been blocked up 
and used as a screen for displaying the monuments of 
the Evelyn family within the chapel. This arch is 
of two orders, with narrow chamfers to arch and piers, 
and with an impost moulding of very peculiar section 
carried round the chamfers, the piers standing upon a 
moulded plinth similarly treated. In the restoration 
of 1858 the blank wall within the arch was filled with 
tracery in stone and marbles of very inappropriate 
character. The arch that opens from the nave into the 
aisle is of the same date and character, and its imposts 
are of the same sec. ion. There was a third arch of 
this period between the aisle and the eastern chapel 
of which the outlines are still traceable in the wall. 
Possibly it showed signs of failure or was inconveniently 
large, for at about the same time that the arch in the 
chancel was blocked up this was partly filled in, and a 
small arch, preserving something of the character of 
the original, but clumsily imitated, was inserted within 
it, the older imposts redressed, or copies of them, being 
used. 

The chapel beyond has two blocked lancets in its 
northern wall and three in the east, all of c. 1210, 
and the latter are particularly good and well-preserved 
examples of the period. They are rebated externally 
for a wooden frame, and have obtusely pointed external 
heads, with the internal splays radiating equally round 
the jambs and heads a mark of early date. The 
central lancet is slightly higher than the others. In 
the western part of the north wall of this chapel is a 
small square recess, perhaps an aumbry, but it is 
simply chamfered without any rebate. There is above 
this, and beneath the sill of the lancets, a string- 
course of semicircular section, which is also carried 
along the walls of the aisle. Instead of being mitred 
where it jumps to a higher level here, the horizontal 
portion of the string-course is butted up against the 
vertical strip in a very unusual manner. In both the 
north and west walls of this aisle is a lancet of similar 
character to the foregoing, and, in the western part 
of the north wall, a nicely-proportioned doorway of 
two chamfered orders. All the masonry in this 
chapel and aisle is in the original firestone, delicately 
tooled with a broad chisel, and with extremely fine 
joints. 

The nave, prior to 1858, had in its south wall a 
window of two lancets under one pointed internal 
arch, which still remains, towards the western end. 
Eastward of this was a three-light opening of ijth or 



66 For an illustration of this doorway 
see y.C.H. Surr, ii, 432. The resem- 
blance to the work at Aldingbourne is so 
marked, even to the use of firestone and 



chalk in the alternate voussoirs, that the 
tame masons must have been employed. 

6 ' See a contemporary woodcut and 
account of the church in the Illus. Land. 

160 



News for 1858. For a drawing of the 
low side window, see Surr. Arch. Coll, 
xiv, 96. 




WOTTON CHURCH FROM THE SOUTH-EAST, c. 1845 




WOTTON HOUSE 

(From Brayley's ' Jiittory of Surrey') 



WOTTON HUNDRED 



WOTTON 



16th-century date, with a square head and hood- 
moulding ; and beyond this to the east was another 
three-light window, transomed, under a segments! 
arch, and apparently of late 1 7th-century date. The 
two large windows of 13th-century design in the 
eastern part of the south wall replace those last 
described. 

To the end of the 1 7th century belongs the brick 
vestry, or mortuary chapel of the Evelyn family, on 
the north of the chapel proper. It is of thin bricks, 
and has a circular window in its east gable, and a 
door between it and the chapel, a modern doorway, 
lately inserted, being pierced in its northern wall. 

The roofs of the nave and chancel are modern and 
incongruous. The seating, pulpit, font, and all other 
fittings are also modern, with the sole exception of an 
interesting oak screen, with bannisters, and iron 
spikes or prickets for candles at the top, separating the 
chapel from the aisle. This bears the date 1632, and 
is almost the only bit of screenwork of its period 
' remaining in Surrey. Within the chapel is preserved 
a font of white marble, with circular fluted basin on 
a tall baluster stem of about the same date, but 
possibly as old as the date of John Evelyn's birth in 
1620. Cracklow records that 'in one of the south 
windows was formerly this fragment in black letter, 
" Orate pro anima Johannis de la Hale." ' 

John Evelyn's tomb in the north chapel is coffin- 
shaped and quite plain, about 3 ft. from the floor in 
the eastern part of the chapel, and his wife's, of the 
same plain design, is to the westward and close to the 
south wall. Their coffins are said to be inclosed in 
these tombs above ground. He died on 27 February 
in 1705-6, in his eighty-sixth year, and his wife 
Mary, daughter of Sir Richard Browne, ambassador of 
Charles I at Paris, on 9 February 1 708-9. The inscrip- 
tions are upon the white marble covering slabs, and that 
on John Evelyn's runs thus : ' Here lies the body of 
John Evelyn, Esq., of this place . . . Living in an 
age of extraordinary events and revolutions, he learnt, 
as himself asserted, this truth, which pursuant to his 
intention is here declared : that all is vanity which is 
not honest, and that there is no solid wisdom but in 
real piety.' Evelyn's own desire was to be buried 
' within the oval circle of the laurel grove planted by 
me at Wotton,' or, if this were not possible, in this 
chapel, where his ancestors lay : ' but by no means in 
the new vault lately joining to it.' 

Besides these there are several inscribed ledgers upon 
the floor with heraldic panels, one, in brass, near the 
east end, bearing the griffon and chief of Evelyn and 
the bars and martlets of Ailward with a fine piece of 
mantling. On the south wall, near its west end, is 
the beautiful monument of George Evelyn, the 
purchaser of Wotton, who died in 1603, aged 
seventy-seven. It is of alabaster, with panels of black 
slate or ' touch,' on which are the inscriptions, now 
hardly decipherable, and is divided into three com- 
partments. In the centre, high up, under a circular 
arch, is the kneeling figure in armour of George 
Evelyn. Above the cornice is a medallion bearing his 
coat-of-arms, and a helm and mantling, and the crest 
of a griffon passant. On the rounded pediments of the 
side compartments (within which are skulls) are 
draped urns, and within the recesses below, under 
heavy entablatures and circular arches, are the figures 
of his two wives kneeling and facing towards him. 
Rose, the first, bore him ten sons and six daughters, 



and Joan, the second, six sons and two daughters. 
Beneath each figure is an inscription panel, and below 
is a long panel on which the twenty-four children 
are carved in low relief, all kneeling ; a narrow 
inscription panel and some carved scrolls and con- 
soles completing the design. The whole monument, 
an excellent example of the taste of its time, retains 
the original colouring and gilding. 

Adjoining this, to the east, is the very fine monu- 
ment (alabaster, coloured, with slate panels) of 
Richard Evelyn, fourth son of George Evelyn, high 
sheriff of Surrey and Sussex in 1634, and his wife 
Eleanor Stansfield, with their five children. Richard, 
the father of the celebrated diarist, died in 1640. 
Fat nude boys in contemplation support the upper 
pedimented entablature over the principal cornice, 
and in the centre at the summit is a draped female 
figure, blindfolded ; other ' virtues ' in attitudes of 
grief flank the boys. Two large and beautiful draped 
angels, one holding a flaming heart and the other an 
open book, are drawing back the curtains to display 
the kneeling figures of Richard Evelyn and his wife. 
He is habited in the doublet, trunk-hose, and heavy 
cloak of his time, with his hair falling in curls over a 
deep collar. He kneels on a cushion with hands 
joined in prayer before a draped prayer-desk, facing 
his wife, whose flowing head-dress, falling in long 
folds behind, and gracefully-gathered gown, are 
charming examples of the lady's dress of the period. 
Their three sons and two daughters, in the panel 
below, kneel on cushions before another desk, the 
centre figure of the boys being the celebrated John. 
All the heraldry which includes a very fine coat with 
mantling and a helm bearing the griffon crest in the 
panel at the top and the smaller architectural orna- 
ments, such as the consoles and scroll-work at the 
bottom, are models of delicate and spirited carving, 
and the figures of the angels and the husband and 
wife are among the best of that age. The original 
colouring is very perfect. 

Opposite to these is the monument of Elizabeth 
Darcy, daughter of Richard Evelyn, who died in 
1634. It is in the same taste as the foregoing, and 
probably by the same sculptor, who may well have 
been the celebrated Nicholas Stone. The bust of the 
lady, weeping, looks out from a curtained recess, and 
below her is the recumbent figure of her dead babe 
in its cot. 

On the south side of the chancel is a tablet to 
Dr. Bohun, 1716, presented to the living in 1701 by 
John Evelyn. The inscription tells us that he left 
the sum of 20 for the poor of Wotton, and a similar 
sum for the decoration of the altar. He is described 
by Evelyn as 'a learned person, and excel ent 
preacher.' Elsewhere in the chancel and nave are a 
number of later 1 8th and 19th-century monuments, 
and in the brick mortuary chapel of the Evelyns is a 
large white marble monument, by Westmacott, to the 
memory of Captain Evelyn, who died in 1829, 
bearing a striking inscription by Dr. Thomas Arnold 
of Rugby. 

On the jambs of the door in the north aisle are a 
few early marks, such as a small cross. 

The registers of baptisms and burials date from 
1596, and of marriages from 1603. 

The communion plate is chiefly of 1 7th and 1 8th- 
century dates. The oldest piece is a silver paten of 
1685, bearing the arms of Evelyn impaling Browne. 



161 



21 



A HISTORY OF SURREY 



These were the arms of the celebrated John Evelyn 
and his wife. He was not then the owner of Wotton 
House, as he did not succeed his elder brother George 
till 1699. Another paten, inscribed : 'The gift of 
Lee Steere Steere, Esq'. To the Parish of Wootton,' 
is probably of the date 1724. A third dates from 
1857. There is a cup of 1753, and a handsome 
silver flagon of 1706, tankard-shaped, with a high lid, 
and bearing the arms of Evelyn and Browne as on the 
paten of 1685, encircled by stiff feathering, with the 
inscription : ' The Gift of Mary Evelin, widdow of 
John Evelin Late of Wootton Esq.' It was presented 
in memory of her husband, who died in 1705. 

The pierced cast-bronze plate, now used as an 
almsdish or collection-plate, is a beautiful but very 
unsuitable ornament of the church, being adorned 
with figures of nude gods and goddesses riding on 
dolphins and sea-monsters. It is a recent gift to the 
church. 

The bells are three in number, the first inscribed : 

(J( ORA MBNTE PIA PRO NOBIS VIRGO MARIA. The 

second has : ^ >J< tjf o ffc t%f IOHANNES CHRISTI 




PLAN OF OKEWOOD CHAPEL 

CARE DIGNARE PRO NOBIS ORARE. Both are of the 

latter part of the I4th century, and Mr. Stahlschmidt 
considers that they were cast by a Reading or London 
founder. The third bell, by Richard Eldridge, bears 
the inscription : OUR HOPE is IN THE LORD 1602 RE.' 

The ancient CH4PEL of ST. JOHN THE 
BAPTIST, OKEWOOD, is practically shut in by a 
small oak wood, except on the south side. It is 
perched upon the top of a hillock, round which winds 
a tiny stream, and is approached on one side by a 
rustic bridge. The churchyard is very picturesque, 
and contains many old trees, and some cypresses of 
more recent growth. There are a few wooden ' bed- 
heads ' and a number of 18th-century headstones and 
table-tombs. The chapel itself is most picturesque, 
especially as viewed from the south-west or south-east, 
and is built of local sandstone rubble, plastered with 
the original coat of yellow-coloured mortar, the 
windows and other dressings in the old part being in 
hard chalk and firestone, the roofs covered with 
Horsham slabs, diminishing in size towards the ridge, 



and the wooden bell-turret at the west end being of 
oak boarding, crowned by a squat spirelet of oak 
shingles. The modern parts are quite in keeping 
with the old. 

The plan, as originally built in about 1220, was a 
simple parallelogram, of nave and chancel, under one 
roof, without structural division, 56ft. 6 in. long by 
20 ft. wide internally, the side walls being 2 ft. 6 in. 
and the east and west 3 ft. in thickness. There were, 
till the modern alterations, a door on the north and 
four lancet windows, the same number and a priest's 
door on the south, while in the west wall were a door 
and window of three lights, and in the east wall 
another three-light window of 15th-century date. In 
the western part of the south wall is a rudely-formed 
window of 18th-century date. 68 The original roof, 
with massive tie-beams and wall-plates, still remaining, 
is probably of the later period ; the popular tradition 
being that Edward de la Hale, whose brass remains 
in the chancel, in thankfulness for the escape of his 
son, who, while hunting in the forest, was attacked 
by a wild boar and nearly killed, founded the existing 
chapel on the site of the averted tragedy. This, 
however, is an incorrect version, as there is a 
record of the presentation of Sir Walter de 
Fancourt to the chapel in 1290, and there can 
be no doubt that the little chapel had then 
been standing for some seventy years. What is 
fairly certain is that Edward de la Hale en- 
dowed the chapel with lands, re- roofed and 
repaired it, and put the windows and a door- 
way in the end walls. In the early years of the 
1 8th century, about 1709, the chapel is re- 
corded to have fallen into a condition of 
dilapidation, when if was repaired, and a num- 
ber of rough buttresses added (some of which 
still remain), by the care of two neighbouring 
yeomen, Mr. Goffe and Mr. Haynes, who sold 
three of the bells to help the work. John 
Evelyn is stated to have had a hand in an earlier 
reparation. 69 His representative, the late 
Mr. W. J. Evelyn, restored the building in 
1867, and it was further restored and enlarged 
at his cost by the addition of a north aisle and 
a vestry in 1879. Although this extension was 
necessary, and was carried out with unusual respect 
for the ancient windows, door, &c., which were re- 
built in the same relative positions in the new wall, 
it is to be regretted for the unavoidable destruction of 
some very interesting early wall-paintings found on 
the walls and window-splays. 

The south wall shows the original work, particu- 
larly in a pair of well-preserved lancet windows in the 
chancel. Beneath these on the inside, and apparently 
originally round the entire chapel, is a string-course 
of keel or pear-shape section. The windows have 
peculiar heads internally, i.e. straight-sided, or tri- 
angular, instead of arched, as in the chancel of 
Chipstead Church, Surrey, of slightly earlier date. 
They are rebated externally to receive the glass. 
There is a good piscina near to these with a credence 
shelf over, beneath a trefoiled head. It has two drains, 
dished in a square form. The opening is bordered 
by a bold bowtel moulding between two hollows, and 
is i ft. S in. wide, while that of the credence niche 
over it, which is simply chamfered on the edges, is 



* 8 Probably made in 1709. 



" In Evelyn'j Diary is the entry, under 
14 July 1701 : 'I lubicrib'd towardi re- 

162 



building Oakwood Chapel, now after zoo 
years almost fallen down.* 



WOTTON HUNDRED 



WOTTON 



only I ft. 5^ in. in width. There is also a small 
plain piscina of the first period in the south wall of 
the nave, beneath a lancet window and a square 
aumbry, of like date, originally in the north wall of 
the chancel, and now in the north aisle. 

The ancient doorway and lancet windows of 
c. 1 2 20, re-set in the rebuilt north wall, are good 
examples of their period. The north doorway, which 
retains its ancient oak door, and the priest's door on 
the south, now opening into the vestry, are plain to 
the point of rudeness. The western doorway, of 
c. 1430, within a modern porch, is wide and low, 
with a four-centred arch, which, with the jambs, is 
simply moulded. The door, of wide oak boards, with 
plain strap-hinges, is coeval, and the east and west 
windows, with cinquefbil-headed lights under square 
heads, also of the later date, are of the plainest 
character. In the flooring of the chancel and modern 
north chapel are a number of stone ' sets,' alternately 
white and yellow, apparently part of an ancient 
floor. 

The arcade, of three arches in the nave and of two 
in the chancel, with a wide pier marking the junction, 
is, of course, modern, as are also the east and west 
windows of the aisle. The large raking buttresses on 
the south, east, and west sides date from the 1 8th 
century; and between the two on the east wall a 
sexton's shed has been inserted. There is a small 
modern gallery at the west end, and above this rises 
the bell-turret, also of modern date, which, with its 
silvery oak shingles, makes a very pleasing feature. 

The main roof, as before mentioned, is ancient, 
that of the aisle being, of course, new; the seating and 
aJl other furniture being likewise modern. 

In the last restoration the walls and window-splays 
were found to be covered with ancient paintings 
figure subjects and scroll-work patterns of unusual 
excellence chiefly of the early part of the 1 3th 
century, but some of 1 4th and 15th-century dates. 
As most of these occurred upon the north wall, they 
were unhappily destroyed when it was pulled down, 
but tracings were made which are said to be still in 
existence. On the north wall were two pairs of large 
figures, and on the east wall two single figures, two 
others, with ornamental patterns, being painted over 
the south door of the chancel. St. George and the 
dragon, on the south wall, near the west end, of 15th- 
century date, is mentioned among the destroyed sub- 
jects, 89 " and on the eastern part of the south wall of the 
chancel is still preserved the Visitation, the figures of 
St. Mary and St. Elizabeth being drawn in coarse red 
outline, about life-size, with red drapery. At the 
west end, on the north, west, and south walls, 
'numerous small figures, parts of a large subject,' said 
to have been of 15th-century date, were uncovered, 
but were not preserved. 

In the two lancets on the south side of the chancel 
are preserved some rare and beautiful fragments of 
ancient glass. That in the eastern of the two is of 
early 13th-century date, coeval with the window in 
which it stands. It is grisaille pattern work, the 
design being in large diamonds, almost the width of 
the opening, inclosed in white borders. Sprays of 



stiff-leaf foliage, with bunches of fruit, fill the diamond 
spaces, which are a deep, rich grey-green in places. 
In the western are fragments of two dates, including 
some very elegant natural leafage of early 14th-century 
character, and a flaming sun, a rose, and some flowered 
quarries of the 1 5th century. 

A good late- 17th-century chest is preserved in the 
church. 

There are no monuments of special interest or 
antiquity with the exception of the interesting brass 
to Edward de la Hale, 1431, which lies in the 
chancel floor, and is now covered by a trap-door. 
The figure is unusually small, only I ft. 5^ in. in 
height, and has been very delicately engraved. It 
shows him in plate-armour, with his gauntleted hands 
joined in prayer, a helm of pointed oval shape, a 
collar of SS, roundels at the armpits, skirt of laces, 
and long-toed sollerets, with one rowelled spur. A 
long sword against his left side is slung from the right 
hip, and a dagger is suspended on the right side ; his 
feet rest upon a lion. Above the head is a curved 
scroll bearing the words, IHU MERCY, and at the foot 
is an inscription plate now set upside down 

Hie IACET EDWARDUS DE LA HALE ARMIG' DE COM 

SURR' 
Qui OBIIT VIII . DIE MENSIS SEPTEMBR* ANNO DNI 

MlLLO. 
CCCC. XXXI . CuiUS ANIME p'pICIETUR DEUS AMEN. 

The registers date only from 1670. 

Of the plate in use at the chapel, the oldest piece, 
a silver cup, with a disproportionately large and deep 
bowl, dates from 1794. It bears the usual star orna- 
ment, and on the other side are the arms of the 
Evelyns of Wotton, with the inscription : ' The Gift 
of Mr. and Mrs. Evelyn of Wotton to Oakwood 
Church, Surrey, 6 January 1878.' The other pieces 
are dated 1837 and 1844, with similar ornament, 
arms and inscription ; there is also a brass almsdish. 

In the library at Wotton House are preserved some 
other pieces, replaced by the foregoing, viz.: a plated 
cup, and a cup, paten, plate and flagon of pewter, the 
plate bearing the date 1692, which appears from the 
marks to be that of the other pewter pieces. There 
is little doubt that they were all provided at the time 
of the repair of the chapel in 1701. 

The one bell is modern. 

Wotton Church is mentioned in 
4DVOIVSONS the Taxation of Pope Nicholas, 1 291. 
William Latimer presented in I 3O4, 70 
and again in 1305." In 1306 divers malicious 
persons broke into the parson's house, and even carried 
their atrocities to the length of killing one of his 
servants." From this time onwards the advowson 
appears to have followed the descent of the manor. 
Queen Philippa, to whom the custody of William 
Latimer had apparently been granted, presented in 
1345:" the advowson was granted with the manor 
to Thomas Morstede in 1429," belonged afterwards to 
the Owens," and passed with the manor to the Evelyn 
family." 

The presentation of the chapel of Okewood " went 
with that of Wotton.' 8 



" Traces of this have lately been found 
by Mrs. Shearme, wife of the vicar. 
70 Winton Epis. Reg. Pontoise, fol. 410. 
' Ibid. Woodlock, fol. 3*. 
" Col. Pat, 1301-7, p. 479, 
' Ibid. 1345-8, p. 250. 



7* Cloc, 7 Hen. VI, no. 7 d. 

7* Feet of F. Hil. 14 Eliz. 

7 Ibid. Surr. Trin. 21 Eliz. 

77 Okewood is no doubt the correct 
spelling. A small stream which rises in 
Ockley and Wotton, and flows past the 

I6 3 



chapel, is called the Oke. Compare 
Okehampton on the Oke in Devonshire. 
It joins the Arun. 

'<> Close, 9 Hen. V, m. 17 ; 7 Hen. VI, 
m. 7. 



A HISTORY OF SURREY 



Edward de la Hale endowed the chapel with lands 
which in I $478 were valued at I zoi. 6J. a year. 
The chapel was suppressed in 1547," and the lands, 
chapel and chapel-house granted to Henry Polstede 
and William More. 80 The materials of the chapel were 
valued for sale. A pension of loot, was granted to the 
'chantry priest,' Hamlet Slynn. 91 The inhabitants 
petitioned against the destruction of the chapel, and 
obtained its restoration to them for use as a church. 8 * 
In 1 560-1 a petition to the same effect was presented, 
reciting the former facts, and adding that the former 
priest was not then there. Elizabeth granted a perpetual 
payment of 3 (>s. 8^. from the Exchequer to the 
priest officiating at Okewood, which is still received. 81 

In 1723 Sir John Evelyn, the patron, and Richard 
Miller, esq., gave 200 in aid of the endowment. In 
1725 Dr. Godolphin, Dean of St. Paul's, and Sir Wil- 
liam Perkins of Chertsey, gave 100 each, and in 1741 
Mr. Offley, rector of Abinger, left two farms to 
trustees for the repair of the building, the surplus to 
go to the curate in charge, provided that he held two 
services every Sunday." The conditions were not 
fulfilled in the latter part of the 1 8th century, when 
the services were very irregularly performed. A 
cottage near the chapel, called Chapel House, is the 



traditional home of the priest. But there was no 
later parsonage house till 1884, when the present 
vicarage was built by Lord Ashcombe. The ecclesi- 
astical parish of Okewood was formed in 1853 ol 
parts of the old parishes of Wotton, Abinger, and 
Ockley, upon the Sussex border. The chapel was in 
the outlying part of Wotton, which was united to 
Abinger civil parish in 1879. 

In 1717 William Glanville, nephew 
CHARITIES to John Evelyn, left by will a rent- 
charge on a farm near Pul borough to 
provide 40;. each for five poor boys who, on the 
anniversary of his death, should attend at his tomb- 
stone in Wotton churchyard and repeat from memory 
the Creed, the Lord's Prayer, and the Ten Command- 
ments, read I Cor. xv., and write two verses of the 
same chapter. The two best performers receive in 
addition 10 each to apprentice them to some trade. 
Wotton boys under 1 6 years old have the first chance, 
but failing suitable claimants from Wotton, Shiere, 
Abinger, Cheam, Epsom, and Ashtead parishes, and 
the tithing of Westcote, Dorking have the next right 
of competing. 

Smith's Charity is distributed as in other Surrey 
parishes. 



" By Act of I Edw. VI, cap. 14. 
80 By Act of Pat. z Edw.VI, pt. i, m. 31. 
SI Exch. Anct. Misc. no. 82, m. 3, 
I Edw. VI. 



M Aug. Decrees, Misc. Bk. vol. 105, 
fol. 231. 

39 Ezch. Memo. R. East. 3 Eliz. rat. 
116. 



9< Paperj preserved at Okewood Vicar- 
age, formerly at Wotten House. 



164 



THE HUNDRED OF REIGATE 



BETCHWORTH 
BUCKLAND 
BURSTOW 
CHARLWOOD 



CONTAINING THE PARISHES OF 

CHIPSTEAD 
GATTON 
HORLEY 
LEIGH 



MERSTHAM 

NUTFIELD 

REIGATE 1 



This hundred was known as the hundred of Cherchefelle at the time of 
the Domesday Survey and afterwards. The name Reigate occurs in 1199.* 
In 1086 Buckland, Chipstead, Gatton, Merstham, Nutfield, and. Reigate 
(Cherchefelle) were placed in this hundred, which also included Orde, which 
has been identified with the parish of Worth in Sussex; 8 possibly, however, 
it represents North and South Worth in 
Merstham (see under that parish). Charl- 
wood was probably included in Merstham, 
of which manor it was a member (see 
account of Charlwood). The chief manor 
in Leigh (q.v.) appears, shortly after the 
Survey, as a member of Ewell, and was 
probably so regarded in 1086 also. Bur- 
stow and Horley (q.v.) were in Wimble- 
don and Banstead. Part of Betchworth 
appears in Wotton Hundred,* but was in- 
cluded in Reigate Hundred before 1279.' 

The hundred seems to have always 
been a royal one.* A grant of the office 
of bailiff of this hundred with that of 
Tandridge was made in 1485 to Thomas 
Body. 7 To a lay subsidy levied in 1546 
the hundreds of Tandridge and Reigate 
contributed together 420 los. 8</., of 
which 2 35 5 s - 8</. was raised in Reigate Hundred. 8 A lease of the farm 
of the two hundreds for twenty-one years was made in 1617 to Thomas 
Hunt. 9 A Parliamentary Survey 10 made in 1651 shows that the certainty 
money due from both hundreds annually amounted to 4 i^s. 6d., whilst 
profits of court, amercements, and other perquisites were valued annually 
at 8 13^. Afd. The courts leet for both hundreds were kept at Under- 

1 The parish of Newdigate, which is partly in this hundred, is treated under Copthorne Hundred, 



INDEX MAP 

TO THE 
HUNDRED 

OF 
REIGATE 




/. Surr. i, 297, note 4. 
4 Assize R. 877, m. 56. 

7 Mat. for Hist, of Hen. WI (Rolls Ser.), i, 256. 
' Pat. I 5 Jas. I, pt. xxxi, no. 44. 



1 Ibid, i, 3160. 4 Ibid, i, 3210. 

Ibid. 878, m. 34. 

' Lay Subsidies, Surr. bdle. 185, no. zzo. 
w Parl. Surv. Surr. no. 3. 



165 



A HISTORY OF SURREY 

snowe, 11 and were held by the sheriff of the county, who received the profits 
and accounted for them to the public exchequer ; the lord might also call 
and keep a court leet in any of the townships or tithings in the hundreds 
which paid a common fine. The surveyors stated that they could not 
discover that a three-weekly court had ever been held for the hundreds, 
although they believed the lord thereof might hold one if he pleased. 



BETCHWORTH 



Becesworde (xi cent.), Beceswrde (xii cent.), Beches- 
worth (xiii cent.). 

Betchworth is a parish midway between Dorking 
and Reigate, about 3 miles from each, 26 miles 
from London. It is bounded on the north by 
Mickleham, Headley, and Walton on the Hill, 
on the east by Buckland and Reigate, on the 
south by Leigh, on the west by Dorking. It measures 
4 miles from north to south, and 2 miles from 
east to west, and contains 3,713 acres of land and 30 
of water. It is traversed by the River Mole, which 
runs in a circuitous course from south-east to north- 
west ; and the Gadbrook, a tributary of the Mole, 
forms part of the southern boundary. It is, charac- 
teristically of all the parishes on the southern escarp- 
ment of the chalk, placed on the three soils, the 
northern part being on the summit and slope of the 
chalk downs, the central part with the old village and 
church being on the sands, and the southern part on 
the Wealden Clay. The chalk furnishes the chief 
industry. Chalkpits and limeworks have existed for 
time out of mind, and the very extensive works of the 
Dorking Grey Stone and Lime Company are in the 
parish, where lime is burnt and cement manufactured 
on a large scale. There are also brickyards in the parish, 
which is, however, mostly agricultural and residential. 
Gadbrook Common is to the south of the parish, and 
there is open down-land to the north, interspersed 
with plantations, Betchworth Clump, a group of 
beeches, standing up conspicuously on the crest of 
the chalk hill. The Duke's Grove is a fir plantation 
below Brockham Warren, planted by a Duke of Nor- 
folk. The road from Dorking to Reigate passes 
through the parish. A line of yew trees on the side 
of the chalk has been taken to mark an ancient way 
leading from the ford of the Mole along the downs, 
but if such existed the continuity has been interrupted 
by the chalkpits and limeworks. A lane coming 
from the south, and leading to a formerly existing 
wooden bridge over the Mole in Wonham Park, is 
called Pray Lane. 

The Redhill and Reigate branch of the South 
Eastern Railway cuts the parish from east to west, and 
there is a station at Betchworth, opened in 1 849. 

There seem to be no records of prehistoric remains 
in Betchworth. A palimpsest brass, with the arms of 
the Fitz Adrians, under-tenants of Brockham, on the 
reverse, was found in the church, and is now in the 
British Museum. Historically the manors have been 
transferred from one hundred to another. In Domes- 



day part of Betchworth was held with Thorncroft and 
counted with that manor in Copthorne. This is 
probably West Betchworth, now in Dorking parish and 
Wotton Hundred. Another manor, East Betchworth, 
with a church, was counted in Wotton Hundred. 
The transference of East Betchworth to Reigate before 
1279 ' may be connected with its acquisition by the de 
Warennes, lords of Reigate. The tenants did villein 
service in Reigate, mowing a meadow called Friday's 
Mead. 

The parish of Betchworth has become a favourite 
residential neighbourhood. Broome Park, south of the 
railway, is the property of Lady Louisa Fielding. The 
park comprises about 80 acres. It was formerly the 
residence of Sir Benjamin Brodie, the eminent doctor. 
The second baronet removed to Brockham Warren, 
formerly the seat of Mr. Mackley Brown. Broome 
Park was sold to General the Hon. Sir Percy R. B. 
Fielding after 1891. On the site was an old house, 
now absorbed in or superseded by later buildings. 
There was also a small house on another site called 
the Temple, now pulled down. A mantelpiece in the 
house is said to have been brought from it, and has 
the crest of Briscoe, a greyhound seizing a hare, upon 
it. The Old House, an 18th-century house on the 
east of the village street, is the seat of the Rev. Walter 
Earle. Captain Morris, of the Life Guards, well 
known in the latter part of the l8th and earlier igth 
century as a writer of convivial songs, lived in Betch- 
worth. 

The inclosure award for Betchworth Common 
fields and waste is dated 30 April 1815, pursuant to 
the Act 52 Geo. Ill, cap. 60. The fields which lie 
north of the church and west of the village are still in 
fact open fields. 

The inclosure award of Shellwood Manor * included 
waste in Betchworth parish, that is about Gadbrook 
Common. A conveyance of Wonham Manor, 1689, 
naming the Upper and Lower Great Field of 2 5 acres, 
and the Great South Field, 1 1 acres, seems to show 
open fields also in that manor, but when they were 
inclosed is unknown. 

There was a parish school which was enlarged in 
1850,' but existed before that date, supported partly 
by endowments from a Mr. Reynolds and the Duke 
of Norfolk. The present provided school was built 
in 1871 and enlarged in 1885. 

Brockham Green is a district formed from Betch- 
worth, and made into an ecclesiastical parish in 1848. 
The village, clustered round the green, about I miles 



11 Undersnowe was a place between God- 
itone, Ozted, and Tandridge, where three 
ways meet, near the south-east corner of 



Rooksnest Park, in Tandridge Hun- 
dred. 

1 Assize R. 877, m. 56. 

1 66 



* xz Jan. 1854. See Blue Ek, Incl. 
Awards. 

8 Return at Farnham. 



REIGATE HUNDRED 



BETCHWORTH 



west of Betchworth village, is picturesque and flourish- 
ing. The church, built on land given by Mr. Hope 
of Deepdene, is of I 3th-century style, of stone, with a 
central tower and spire. 

Brockham Warren is the residence of Sir Benjamin 
Brodie, bart. ; Brockham Park of Mr. Robert Gordon, 
J.P. ; Brockham Court of Mrs. Davidson ; Brockham 
House of Mr. Henry Foley. Brockham Court was 
built by a former Duke of Norfolk on the site of the 
old manor-house, 4 having been separated from the 
manor. Brockham Bridge over the Mole is repaired 
by the county to the value of two-thirds, and the 
remaining third by the district council, Brockham 
being a contributory area. Brockham Home and 
Industrial School was established in 1 859 by Mrs. Way 
of Wonham Manor, Betchworth, for orphan girls from 
eleven to sixteen, who are trained for domestic service 
and afforded a home later when out of place. An 
Infants' Home was added by Miss Way in 187*. 
The two are under the management of the same com- 
mittee of ladies. 

There is a Particular Baptist Chapel in Brockham. 

A school was built in 1830, and rebuilt in 1840.' 
After the passingof the Education Act of 1 870 a School 
Board was formed for Betchworth, and the present 
provided school at Brockham was built in 1879 and 
enlarged in 1901. 

At the time of the Domesday Survey, 
MANORS Becesworde, which is probably E4ST 
BETCHWORTH, was stated to be in 
the hundred of Wotton ;" ' Richard de Ton bridge, lord 
of Clare, himself held ' Becesworde ' in demesne.' It 
was assessed for 2 hides and valued at 8. In King 
Edward's time it had been held by Cola, when it was 
assessed at 6 hides and worth 9." It subsequently 
passed to the de Warennes, probably before 1 1 99, as 
Earl Hamelin de Warenne and his wife held the church 
in East Betchworth (q.v.) before that date. It is possible 
that the manor had passed from Richard de Tonbridge 
to William de Warenne when the latter was created 
first Earl of Surrey by William II in 1088. It is 
afterwards described as being, with the castle and 
town of Reigate and manor of Dorking, 'parcel of the 
county of Surrey,' ' and Dorking at least (q.v.) probably 
formed part of the original endowment made at the 
creation of the earldom of Surrey. 10 Betchworth was 
held with Reigate by succeeding Earls of Warenne 
and Surrey." The surrender of those manors to the 
king in 1316 by John de Warenne, Earl of Surrey, 
their re-grant to the earl with remainder to his 
illegitimate sons, and their final inheritance by Richard 
Earl of Arundel, nephew and legitimate heir of John 
de Warenne, is fully dealt with under Reigate (q.v.). 
John de Warenne died in 1347," but it was not 
until the death in 1361 of his widow, the Dowager 
Countess of Surrey, that the Earl of Arundel succeeded 
to his uncle's earldom." 

A settlement on the sons of Richard was made in 
1366," and on his death his eldest son Richard 



succeeded to the manor and was seised of it at the 
time of his disgrace and death in 1397, when his 
estates became forfeit to the Crown. 16 His eldest son 
Thomas, to whom his father's title and estates were 
restored in 1400," died without issue in 1415, and 
his lands were divided among his three sisters and 
co-heirs, Elizabeth Duchess of Norfolk, then wife of 
Sir Gerrard Osflete or Ufflete, kt., Joan de Beauchamp, 
Lady Abergavenny, and Margaret wife of Sir Roland 
Leynthale, kt. 17 The manor of East Betchworth 
appears to have been assigned to his second sister, 
Joan wife of William Lord Abergavenny. She died in 
1434, and was succeeded by her son Richard, whose 
daughter and heir Elizabeth married Edward Nevill, 
son of Ralph, Earl of Westmorland. 18 Nevill received 
the lands of his wife's inheritance, and afterwards took 
the title of Lord Abergavenny. 19 He died seised of 
the manor of East Betchworth in 1466, leaving his 
son George as heir.* The manor remained in 
possession of this family throughout the next century. 
In the reign of Henry VIII, when a muster was made 
of able men who, with wea- 
pons and harness, were meet to 
serve the king, it was stated 
that Betchworth with Brock- 
ham could contribute thirty- 
seven men." In 1629 Henry, 
ninth Lord Abergavenny," 
conveyed the manor fori,o 80 
to Sir Ralph Freeman," Mas- 
ter of Requests. Freeman also 
held other offices under the 
Crown, being in 1629 Audi- 
tor of the Imprests and 
afterwards Master-Worker of 
the Mint." He married 

Catherine Bret. 85 Of his two sons, George died in 
1678, and Ralph held the manor in 1684." The 
latter's sons Francis and George held courts in 1707 
and 1715 respectively, but died without issue. 
Elizabeth daughter and eventually sole heir to Ralph 
Freeman carried the manor to the family of Bouverie 




NEVH.L, Lord Aber- 
gavenny. Gules a sal- 
tire argent vaith a rose 
gules thereon. 





FREEMAN. Azurt BOUVERIE. Party 

three lozenges argent. fessewise or and argent 

an eagle sable ivith PWQ 
heads and on his breast 
a scutcheon gules with a 
bend vair. 

by her marriage with Christopher, younger son of Sir 
Edward Des Bouverie." Christopher Bouverie, after- 



4 Local information from Mr. J. R. 
Corbett. 

' Return at Farnham. 

* y, ide supra. 

1 y.C.Ji. Surr. i, 321. 
8 Ibid, i, 311 and note. 

Cal. Close, 1348-9, p. 316. 
10 V.C.H. Surr. i, 298, note 2. 

Red Bk. of Excb. (Rolls Ser.), 561 ; 
Ca/..PaM3oi-7,p.95; 1307-13^.531. 



11 Chan. Inq. p.m. 21 Edw. HI 
(ist nos.), no. 58. 

18 G.E.C. Pwajr, &c. ; see under Surrey. 

14 Feet of F.Div.Co. 4.0 Edw. Ill, no. 17. 

** Chan. Inq. p.m. 21 Ric. II, no. 137, 
m. I le ; Diet. Nat. Biog. 

18 Diet. Nat. Biog. 

17 Chan. Inq. p.m. 4 Hen. V, no. 54. 

18 G.E.C. Peerage. 
" Ibid. 

I6 7 



" Chan. Inq. p.m. 16 Edw. IV, no. 65. 

n L. and P. Hen. fill, xiv (i), 294. 

M Chan. Inq. p.m. (Ser. 2), cccxcii, 
132; cccxcix, 157. 

88 Close, 5 Chas. I, pt, xxvi, m. 12. 

84 Dict.Nat.Biog.; HarlAoc.Publ. xv,29J. 

Ibid, i Feet of F. Surr. Mich. 1652. 

" Hart. Soc. Put!, xv, 295 i Feet of F. 
Surr. East. 36 Chas. II. 

" Wotton, English Bar, iv, 150. 



A HISTORY OF SURREY 



wards knighted by Queen Anne, died in 1732-3 ; his 
eldest son Freeman died unmarried in 1734, when 
lit se;ond son John inherited the property.* 9 John 
died in 1750 while 'on his travels in Turkey.' 18 
His sisters, Anne wife of John Hervey and Elizabeth 
Bouverie, 30 held the manor in 1 75 2," when according 
to Manning the manor was limited to the Herveys. 
Christopher, last surviving son of John Hervey and 
Anne, died without issue in I786, 3 ' having devised 
the manor to his aunt, Elizabeth Bouverie, who in 
turn devised the manor and mansion-house at 
Betchworth to a distant cousin, the Hon. William 
Henry Bouverie, 3 * who belonged to the elder branch 
of this family, and whose son Charles succeeded to the 
manor in 1 8o6. 34 It was still in the latter's possession 
in 1816," but was sold in the following year, accord- 
ing to Brayley, to the Rt. Hon. Henry Goulburn," 
in whose family it has since remained, Major Henry 
Goulburn, grandson of the above-menticned Henry, 
being present lord of the manor." 

John de Warenne, Earl of Surrey, seems to have 
had free warren in his demesne lands at Betchworth, 88 
as three times during the early i/fth century he made 
complaint of the trespasses committed in his free 
warren there.** The Domesday Survey records the 
existence of a mill at Betchworth which was valued 
at icu. 40 In 1287-8 William de Aguillon granted 
to Ralph de Hengham and his heirs a mill which 
was to be held for the annual rent of one rose. 41 No 
further trace of this mill is apparent ; it is possible 
that it was situated on the land called Aglonds (vide 
Aglonds More), of which mention occurs in the I5th 
century, and to which de Aguillon possibly gave his 
name. 

The manor-house of East Betchworth was built by 
Sir Ralph Freeman in the reign of Charles I. It was 
called Betchworth Place, and therefore probably 
superseded an older manor-house on another site. 
It is a fine 17th-century mansion of red brick, and 
contains some antiquities brought from Italy by 
Mr. John Hervey in the i8th century. 

In 1409 a conveyance was made by Stephen 
Hervey and his wife Agnes to William Asshurst, junior, 
of a messuage, 20 acres of land, and zoJ. rent in East 
Betchworth." This probably represents the reputed 
manor of LE MORE, of which John son of William 
Asshurst died seised, together with land called Aglonds, 
in 1 507, his father having held the lands before him." 
In 1499 Le More, afterwards known as Aglonds More, 
or More Place, had been settled on Agnes wife of 
John Asshurst, the reversion being to his brother and 
heir William. 44 Agnes apparently married John 
Skinner, senior, as her second husband, as in 1 5 1 2 the 



manor was stated to belong to John Skinner and Agnes 
for the life of Agnes, 46 and seems to have been conveyed 
from the trustees of Agnes's marriage settlement to Sir 
Henry Wyatt and Sir John Leigh and John Skinner 
for 200 marks of silver. 46 The next record of Aglonds 
More shows that in 1547 John Woodman of Colley 
died seised of the manor, which he held of the Earl of 
Arundel as of the manor of Colley. 47 He left as heir his 
son Richard, who married Julia Huntley of Woodman- 
Sterne, 48 and was in turn succeeded by his son and 
grandson, both called William. 49 The grandson mar- 
ried Winifred Balam, and was succeeded by his second 
son Richard. 50 In 1650 a warrant was issued for the 
Council of State and Admiralty Committee to appre- 
hend Richard Woodman, described as of More Place 
in the parish of Betchworth, on the grounds that he 
and John White, a weaver, had harboured a stranger 
from Germany, supposed to be a Papist, who was 
also to be arrested and brought with the other two 
before the Council. Search was to be made for arms 
and ammunition, and all books and papers were to be 
seized." In 1706-7 Richard Woodman, probably 
the son of the man referred to above, was holding the 
manor," and in 1739 a conveyance was made to the 
trustees of John Bouverie, then a minor, 53 who also 
held the manor of East Betchworth (q.v.). Bouverie's 
sister Elizabeth held both manors in 1752," after her 
brother's death, and Aglonds More has since that 
time descended with the manor of East Betchworth, 65 
Major Goulburn being now lord of the manor. More 
Place has been occupied for fifty years by Mr. J. R. 
Corbett, well known as a breeder of Jersey cattle. 

The house was one of the old timber-framed houses 
with very massive oak beams, probably dating from the 
time of Henry VI. On the north side was a lofty hall, 
broken up as far back as the 1 7th century into rooms. 
The tie-beams of the hall roof are still visible in the 
attics. At the same date probably the house had a 
southern side built on to it. The timbers in the 
ceilings of this are Spanish chestnut. There is a good 
Jacobean mantelpiece. The octagonal turret to the 
south was added more recently. 

At the beginning of the 1 3th century BROCKH4M 
was in the possession of the de Warenne family, as 
between the years 1219 and 1225 William de War- 
enne enfeoffed Thomas son of Ralph Niger of the 
land of Brockham, to be held for the rent of 6o/. 
sterling, together with a virgate of land in East Betch- 
worth, lately in the tenure of Adam son of John le 
Brabazun, for which a rent of 40^. or a pair of gloves 
furred with grey was to be given yearly." The manor 
was held of the heirs of the Earl of Warenne and 
Surrey as late as 1609 for the same annual payment 



88 Wotton, English Bar, iv, 1 50 ; Gent. 
Mig. 1733, p. 461 LanJ. Mag. 1734, 
p. 'J66. 

" 9 Gent. Mag. 1750, p. 525. 

80 Wotton, English Bar, iv, 150. 

81 Feet of F. Div. Co. Mich. 26 Geo. II. 
M Manning and Bray, Hist, if Surr. i, 

206. 

"P.C.C. 635 Walpole (will of Eliz. 
Bouverie). 

M Manning and Bray, Hist, of Surr, ii, 
206. 

Feet of F. Surr. Mich. 57 Geo. III. 

86 E. W. Brayley, Tofog. Hist of Surr. 
iv, 250. 

87 Burke, Landed Gentry. 

88 Cal. Pat. 1301-7, p. 95; 1307-13, 
p. 531 ; 1 321-4, p. 448. 



Ibid. 

V.C.H. Surr. i, 321. 

41 Feet of F. Surr. Trin. 1 5 Edw. I. 

Ibid. East. 10 Hen. IV. 

48 Chan. Inq. p.m. (Ser. 2), xx, 24. 

"Ibid, 

Feet of F. Surr. Trin. 3 Hen. VIII ; 
East. 4 Hen. VIII. 

Feet of F. Surr. East. 4 Hen. VIII 
(See Asshurst in Mickleham). 

47 Chan. Inq. p.m. (Ser. 2), Ixxxvii, 

48 Ibid. ; Surr. Arch. Coll. vii, 330 ; 
Harl. Sac. Full, xliii, 108. 

Harl. Soc. Publ. xliii, 108. 
M Ibid. 

" Cal. S.P. Dam. 1650, p. 530. Thomas 
Woodman, of Betchworth, gentleman, was 

168 



a suspected person in 1655 j B.M. Add. 
MS. 34013. 

M Recov. R. East. 5 Anne, rot. 159. 

48 Close, 13 Geo. II, pt. xix, no. 16. 
The deed states that the conveyance 
was from Anthony Wibard ; he was 
probably a trustee for Woodman, as 
according to Manning the transfer in 
1739 was from Woodman himself, and 
there is moreover no evidence of a sale 
from Woodman to Wibard between the 
years 1707 and 1739. 

" Feet of F. Div. Co. Mich. 26 
Geo. II. 

* s Manning and Bray, Hist, of Surr. ii, 
209; Feet of F. Surr. Mich. 57 Geo. III. 

M Manning and Bray, Hist, of Surr. ii, 
209 (quoting from deed in private hands). 



REIGATE HUNDRED 



BETCHWORTH 



of 6oi. a It passed from Thomas Niger to Giles 
Niger or le Neyr. 58 Apparently Thomas Niger left a 
widow, Agnes, who married John son of Adrian, as 
in 12423 John Adrian and Agnes his wife were 
holding a third of the manor as Agnes's dower. 59 At 
the same date William de Fakeham, who had evidently 
been enfeoffed by Giles le Neyr, granted the other 
two-thirds to John Adrian, a right of dower being 
however reserved to Julia wife of Giles le Neyr. 60 
Three years afterwards Giles le Neyr quitclaimed all 
right in the manor to Adrian. 61 Confirmation of 
this transfer was made to Adrian and his heirs by 
John son of William de Warenne in I254. 61 John 





ADRIAN. Argent tvjo 
bar: 'wavy gules and a 
chief cheeky or and azure. 



FROWVK. Azure a 
cheveron between three 
leopards heads or. 



grandson of John Adrian seems to have married 
Margaret daughter of Henry Frowyk, and in 1348 
a settlement was made by which the manor, failing 
other heirs, was to revert to Henry Frowyk and his 
heirs." John Adrian held the manor until after 1356, 
in which year he received licence from the bishop to 
celebrate mass in his house at Brockham. 65 He appar- 
ently died without issue, as by 1377 the manor had 
come into the possession of Henry de Frowyk, who 
shortly before his death in 1378 made a settlement 
by which the reversion was granted to Henry son of 
Thomas de Frowyk in fee.* 6 This second Henry 
was evidently the grandson of the first, whose son 
Thomas predeceased his father. 67 Henry the grand- 
son died in 1386, leaving two sons, the elder of 
whom, Thomas, continued the senior branch of the 
family, holding Oldford in Middlesex, land in Hert- 
fordshire, and then or later South Mimms, while from 
the younger descended the Frowyks of Gunnersbury. 68 
The manor of Brockham remained in the elder 
branch of the family, as the will of the elder son 
Thomas, proved in 1448, states that the manors of 
Oldford and Brockham were to remain in the hands 
of feoffees for a year, his debts being paid from 
the issues therefrom, after which Brockham was to 



remain to his wife Elizabeth for her life, reverting 
to his son Henry and his issue. 69 Henry was succeeded 
by his son Thomas, and the latter by his son Henry, 
who married Ann Knolles and died in 1527, leaving 
as sole heir his daughter Elizabeth, wife of John 
Coningsby, who was holding it with her husband in 
1530.' In 1547 Elizabeth settled an annuity of 
27 on Mary, widow of her brother Thomas, who 
had predeceased his father. 71 Elizabeth Coningsby 
married William Dodd as her second husband, but at 
her death she was succeeded in the lordship of Brock- 
ham by Henry Coningsby, her son by her first husband, 
who was knighted in 1 5 85." Sir Henry died in 
1 5 90 and was succeeded by his eldest son Ralph, 7 * 
who held until 1 606, in which year he joined with 
his brothers Philip and Henry in conveying the 
manor to Thomas Wight, 76 who died seised of it in 
1 609. His son, Gabriel Wight, succeeded him,' 7 and 
the manor remained in this family, passing from father 
to son, until the end of the 1 8th century. 78 In 1793 
Henry Wight, the last surviving son of William 
Wight, died without issue. 79 He devised his Surrey 
estate to his sister, Lady Elizabeth Harington, for her 
life. After her death one-half was to remain succes- 
sively to Elizabeth White, a kinswoman, and to John 
Wight of Brabceuf (Arlington), q.v., for their lives, 
remainder to right heirs of testator. The other half 
was devised to William Martin and his heirs or, failing 
them, was to descend with the first half. The where- 
abouts of Martin being unknown, advertisement for 
him was to be made in the London Gazette.*" This 
was done 91 after the death, in 1 794, of Elizabeth 
Harington, who had married the Rev. John Chaundler 
as her second husband e> and had held Brockham after 
her brother's death. 85 John Wight inherited a 
moiety in 1 794, and, according to Manning, the other 
moiety was claimed shortly afterwards by the two 
daughters of William Martin, Elizabeth and Sarah 
wife of William Hibbet, and they, with John Wight, 
held the manor in iSoS. 84 
Elizabeth appears to have given 
up her share soon after, as in 
1809 William Hibbet and 
Sarah were in full possession of 
a moiety of the manor, the 
other moiety being still held 
by John Wight. 85 The entire 
manor afterwards became the 
property by purchase of Henry 
T. Hope of Deepdene, who 
held it in 1844." In 1878, 



O/\O 




HOPI or DtrpniNi. 
Azure a cheveron or 
between three bezants. 



"Chan. Inq. p.m. (Ser. 2), cccix, 189. 

" Feet of F. SUIT. 27 Hen. Ill, no. 1 1 . 

" Ibid. Ibid. 

Ibid. 30 Hen. Ill, no. 32. 

M Add. Chart. 24551, 24552. 

88 Manning and Bray, Hist, of Surr. ii, 
209. 

' Feet of F. Surr. Mich. 22 Edw. III. 

65 Egcrton MS. 2033, fol. 47 ; Manning 
and Bray, Hist, of Surr. ii, 209. 

M Ibid, quoting from private deeds. 

6 ?F. C. Can, 'South Mimms, 1 Lend, 
ind Midd. Arch. Soc. 70 5 Harl. MS. 1546, 
fol. 57*. 

68 F. C. Ca. 'South Mimms,' Land. 
end Midd. Arch. Soc. 70 ; Harl. MS. 
1546, fol. 57* ; Manning and Bray, Hist, 
of Surr. ii, 209 ; Chauncey, Hist, of Herts. 

"Will of Thomas Frowyk, P.C.C. Bk. 
Rowse, 13. 



7F. C. Cass, 'South Mimms,' Land, 
and Midd. Arch. Soc. 70 ; Rccov. R. Hil. 
22 Hen. VIII; P.C.C. Porch, 18 (will 
of H. Frowyk, 1527). Manning lays 
that by 1515 the manor of Brockham had 
patted to the younger branch of the family, 
that is, to the Frowyks of Gunnersbury, 
and that Elizabeth Coningsby wai the 
heiress of this branch. This, however, 
from the relationships mentioned in the 
wills, etc. referred to above, would seem to 
be impossible. 

7 1 Feet of F. Surr. Hil. I Edw. VI ; 
Manning and Bray, Hist, of Surr. ii, 209. 

? a Berry, Hern. Gen. 163; Harl. Sof. 
Publ. xxii, 45 ; Shaw, Knights of Engl. 
ii, 83. 

"Chan. Inq. p.m. (Ser. 2), ccxxiii, 51. 

7* Feet of F. Surr. Hil. 39 Eliz. ; Mich. 
44 & 45 Eliz. 

169 



7* Ibid. East. 4 Ja. I. 

T Chan. Inq. p.m. (Ser. 2.), cccix, i8a 

"Ibid. 

' Visit, if Surr. (Harl. Soc. xliii), 81 
Feet of F. Surr. Trin. 14 Chas. II ; Man- 
ning and Bray, Hist, of Surr. ii, 21 1 ; Re- 
cov. R. East. 6 Geo. Ill ; Baker, Hist, 
ef Northants, ii, 23. 

' Baker, loc. cit 

T.C.C. Dodwell, 534. 

**Lond.Gaz. 1795,1796. 

m Scc note 80. 

88 Feet ofF. Surr. Trin. 34 Geo. III. 

M Manning and Bray, Hist, of Surr. ii, 
XII. 

86 Feet of F. Surr. Trin. 49 Geo. Ill ; 
Rov. R. Trin. 49 Geo. Ill, rot. 305, 

'7- 

E. W. Brayley, Hist, of Surr. iv, 
251. 

22 



A HISTORY OF SURREY 



after his decease, it was in the hands of his trustees, 8 ' 
and is now held by his grandson Lord Henry Francis 
Pelham-Clinton-Hope. 

In 1199 William de Wonham received a grant 
from Walter de Lingfield of half a virgate of 
land, afterwards included in the manor of fFON- 
HAM in Betchworth, to hold for the annual rent 
of 4/. M The name of Wonham also occurs as 
that of witness to a deed early in the 1 3th cen- 
tury. 89 It is probable that this family there- 
fore held land in Betchworth for several centuries. 
Manning states that a William Wonham held 
manorial courts in 1533 and in 1552." In 1622 
a William Wonham died seised of the ' manor, 
capital messuage and farm of Wonham,' and was 
succeeded by his grandson, 91 who held the manor 
until 1646, in which year he conveyed it to 
Andrew Cade. 9 * The deed of conveyance records 
the name of the manor as ' Wonham alias the borough 
of Wonham,' by which title it is afterwards known. 
In 1678 the manor was held by Andrew Cade and 
Mary his wife. 93 He was, according to Manning, the 
cousin and heir of the first Andrew. The second 
Andrew Cade seems to have left a daughter and heir 
Anne, who married Henry Royall, as the latter, with 
his wife, quitclaimed the manor in 1687 from them- 
selves and the heirs of Anne to John Coldham, 91 who 
was presumably a trustee. 95 

It would seem that Henry Royall and Anne left 
three daughters and co-heirs, of whom Ann wife of 
Darby Daniell and Rebecca wife of Daniel Cox con- 
veyed their shares to Richard Hutchinson in 1690 
and 1 694 M in trust. Richard Broomhall, second 
husband of Rebecca Cox, held a court in 1 696. 

In 1711 Richard Hutchinson joined with Rebecca 
Broomhall, widow of Daniel Cox, and Frances Evelyn, 
the third heiress, widow, in a sale to William Arnold. 97 
The manor passed soon after to John Taylor, who 
held his first court in 1721, from whom it descended 
to his son, also called John. 98 In 1 75 I it was conveyed 
by the latter's widow Dorothy, then wife of John 
Rapley, to J ohn Luxford, the sale including ' the 
capital messuage or tenement wherein Rebecca Broom- 
hall formerly dwelt ' and appurtenances, including the 
names of the Hop Ground Moors and Fight Lake. 99 
Luxford by will (proved 13 June 1775) devised his 
houses and lands in East Betchworth and elsewhere to 
his sister Jane and her husband Abraham Langham, 
in trust for his nieces and heirs Elizabeth Lang- 
ham and Ann, Mary, Harriet, and Elizabeth Luxford, 
with remainder to his nephew James Luxford. 100 
In 1788 all these parties conveyed to the Hon. 
Charles Marsham. 101 Brayley states that Mr. Mar- 
sham, afterwards Earl of Romney, sold the estate in 
1793 to John Stables, who lived at More Place, and 
from whom it was purchased in 1804 by J. H. Up- 
ton, Viscount Templetown. 10 * 

In 1840 Wonham Manor was bought by Mr. 
Albert Way, F.S.A., who married Emmeline daughte- 
of Lord Stanley of Alderley. Their only daughter, 



Alithea, married her cousin Mr. Albert Way, who died 
in 1884, leaving a son of the same name. The Hon. 
Mrs. Way, who survived till 1906, was lady of the 
manor. It is still (1910) in the hands of her trustees 
for sale. 103 The manor-house is old, but much 
modernized. 

A water-mill called Wonham's is mentioned 
at the beginning of the I4th century. In 1328 
Edward III granted a confirmation in mortmain to 
the priory of Reigate of divers grants, including that 
of the ' water-mill at Wonham with pond, water- 
courses, &c., in East Betchworth, formerly in the 
tenure of William de London and Roger de London, 
and of 261. %d. yearly rent there granted them by 
Roger son of Roger de London of Reygate.' 1M At 
the surrender of Reigate Priory Wonham's water-mill 
and lands there, which had been demised to farm to 
William Hevyr, were valued at 53*. 4< 106 The 
water-mill does not appear to have passed to the 
owner of the manor of Wonham at once, 10 ' but was 
included among the appurtenances by 1678 107 and has 
since passed with the manor. 

The church of ST. MICH4EL is set 
CHURCH among charming surroundings, the large 
and pretty churchyard being bordered on 
the south and west by lofty elms and other trees. It is 
approached from the north by a village street of pictur- 
esque old cottages, some of which are half-timbered. 
There are a good many ancient head-stones among 
the monuments, and besides other notabilities lies 
buried here Captain Morris, who died in 1838, 
aged 93, famous in his day as a song-writer, and par- 
ticularly as the author of the well-known lines in 
which ' the sweet shady side of Pall Mall ' is pre- 
ferred to all the charms of the country-side, including 
the oaks, beeches, and chestnuts of Betchworth. There 
is a modern lych-gate on the north. The church is 
built of chalk rubble, quarried from the neighbouring 
hills, with dressings of clunch and firestone, which 
have stood very well on the north side, but have 
weathered badly, especially in the modern work, on 
the south and west. Bath stone has been used for 
most of the modern dressings. The roofs are still 
covered entirely with the ancient Horsham stone slabs. 

As now standing the building consists of nave, 
60 ft. 3 in. by 2 1 ft. 9 in., with north and south 
aisles, 7 ft. 8 in. and 8 ft. 8 in. wide respectively, and 
south and west porches, a chancel 3 3 ft. 4 in. by 
1 7 ft. 6 in., with a large south chapel co-terminous, 
1 3 ft. 4 in. at its widest, a tower between the chapel 
and the south aisle of the nave about 1 4 ft. 6 in. 
square, and modern vestry and transept on the north 
of nave and chancel. This plan, in which there 
are many puzzling irregularities, was brought to its 
present form in the restoration of about 1850, prior 
to which the tower was central between the nave and 
chancel. It was then removed bodily to its present 
position, much to the bewilderment of students of 
archaeology, who without knowledge of what was done 
must find the plan a very difficult one to decipher. 



W E. W. Brayler, Hitt. o/Sarr. iv, 151 
(ed. E. Walford, 1878). 

88 Feet of F. Surr. file i, no. 36, 10 
Ric. I. 

8 Add. Chart. 24586. 

90 Manning and Bray, Hitt. of Surr. II, 

212. 

M Chan. Inq. p.m. (Ser. 2), cccxciv, 48. 
81 Feet of F. Surr. Mich. 22 Chas. I. 



93 Ibid. East. 30 Chai. II. 
* Ibid. Mil. 2 & 3 Jas. II. 
Vide infra. 

x Feet of F. Surr. Mich. 2 Will. nd 
Mary ; Mich. 6 Will, and Mary. 
"7 Ibid. 10 Anne. 

98 Close, 25 Geo. II, pt. iii, m. 20. 
Ibid. 
M P.C.C. Alexander, 237. 

I 7 



H Feet of F. Surr. Mich. 28 Geo. III. 
1M Brayley, Hist, of Surr. iv, 251. 
108 Local information. 
1M Cal. Pat. 1327-30, p. 326. 
" Valor Eccl. (Rec. Com.), ii, 63 ; 
Dugdale, Mon. Angl. vi, 519. 

1M Feet of F. Surr. Mich. 22 Chas. I. 
W Ibid. East. 30 Chas. II. 



REIGATE HUNDRED 



BETCHWORTH 



From the fact that a church is mentioned in 
Domesday and that a capital or base of a pre-Conquest 
shaft is to be seen built into a modern window, 108 it 
is practically certain that there was a Saxon church, 
and that of stone. It probably had a fairly large 
nave and a short, narrow chancel, which, as 
in the case of Godalming, was, after the Conquest, 
transformed into a low tower, with a new chancel 
built out to the eastward. One of the arches of this 
tower, with two square orders and cushion capitals 
having chamfered abaci, was rebuilt when the tower 
was shifted, and now opens from the tower into the 
south aisle of the nave. Its character suggests the date 
of c. 1080. Early in the 1 3th century the churc