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U. S. A. 

H Including a Narrative of the Bridge 
Burning; the Carter County 
Rebellion, and the Loyalty, Hero- 
ism and Suffering of the Union 
Men and Women of Carter and 
Johnson Counties, Tennessee, 
di.rii.g the Civil War 

1 .Abo<< Sktitdi-otithe Adventures of 
Caot'ii.i Daniel Ellis, the Union 
PMot, ar.4 th€ Names of Hundreds 
5rfT .Pra>v6 ; Men and Women of 
These Counties Who Performed 
Brave Deeds and Noble Acts of 
Heroism for Country and Humanity 



CAPTAIN Co. G, 13th .T. V. cT"^ 


ADJUTANT 13th, T. V. C, 


Choked Philadelphia. 

Mav !913 .^>v^>^ 


i ^i-'- 


o 19>3 L 



WE dedicate this vohiine, first, to the Memory of 
oai. Dead ^oinradf;s:, bf the Thirteenth Tennessee 
Cavalry, and the .":.Gallailt Third Brigade," U. S. A.; 
secondly, to the Heroes' and. Heroines, living and dead, 
Soldiers and Citiztns,- of East Tennessee, and especially 
of Johnson and Carter Counties (where the strife raged 
the fiercest), who were true to their Flag, their Country, 
and their Homes — "the temples of their gods." 



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Page 170, lines 5-14 inclusive, should*. Be (§ftMiCeci.%» 

Page 288, line 22, the word "Eli^al^.etlf sholildjbe *'Elizabethton. 

Page 297, line 23, the word "Ten'Sr.'";^5l\4i3.H'^^''rKyr 

Page 357, line 29, the word "Rugger" should be "Dugger." 




The purpose of this History. — To rescue from oblivion the 
names of the Heroes and Heroines of Johnson and Carter 
Counties during the Civil War, and perpetuate the memory of 
the Thirteenth Tennessee Cavalry and the gallant Third Brigade. 19 


East Tennessee. — Scenery. Soil and Climate. — Heroism of Her 
Sons in Former Wars. — Their Prowess on Every Battlefield. 
There Happy Homes and Contented Lives 23 


The Civil War, Its Causes, briefly Told. — Slavery and State- 
Rights. — Election of i860. — Mr. Lincoln. — The "Star of the 
West." — Preparations for War. — Fort Sumter Fired On. — States 
Secede 28 


Excitement over Fall of Fort Sumter. — How the News was 
Received. — Military League Formed. — Proceedings of Knoxville 
and Greeneville Conventions. — Names of Delegates. — Johnson and 
Nelson. — The State Secedes. — Vote in Carter and Johnson 
Counties. — Intimidation and Persecution 34 


Reasons for Loyalty of East Tennessee. — Number of Troops 
in Federal Army. — How It May Have Affected Final Results of 
the War 47 


Bitter Feelings Aroused Between Unionists and Secessionists. 
Union Men Defiant. — Leaders Threatened. — They go North. 
Names of Local Leaders. — Rebel Troons Brought In. — Names 
of Union Men Reported to Confederate Authorities. — Bitterness 
More Intense. — Militia Called Out. — Proclamation Ignored by 
Union Men. — They Organize for Self- Protection and to Aid the 
Government 53 


Bridge Burning. — Official Correspondence in Regard to It. 
The Plans, How Carried Out.— W. B. Carter, Gen. S. P. Carter 
and Gen. Thomas. — Col. Dan. Stover. — Names of Men Who 
Burned the Bridge at Zollicoffer and Particulars of the Brave 
Deed 59 


Carter County Rebellion. — Organized to Protect Bridge 
Burners and Union Leaders. — Organized at Col. N. G. Tay- 
lor's Residence. — Names of Officers. — Fight at Taylor's 
Ford. — The Unionists Victorious. — Amusing Incidents. — 
"Army" Falls Back to Clark's Springs, Where Col. John 
Sevier's Men Took Their "Mid-day Lunch" on Their Way to 
King's Mountain, September 26, 1780. — Army at Elizabeth- 
ton. — At Doe River Cove. — How it Was Fed. — Dispersed by 
Leadbetter 80 


Situation After the Bridge-Burning and Rebellion. — Union 
Men Arrested and Imprisoned. — Hatred of Southern Press 
and People Toward Them. — They Flee to the Mountains and 
to Kentucky. — Their Suffering and Persecution. — Martial Law 
Declared. — Provost Marshals Appointed. — How Union Men 
Concealed Themselves 90 


Sentiments of Affection and Brotherhood Among Loyal 
People. — Expectations of Federal Aid. — Their Disappoint- 
ments. — Gen. G. W. Morgan at Cumberland Gap. — East Ten- 
nessee Regiments in His Command. — Col. Hayne's Eulogy on 
East Tennessee. — East Tennessee the Scene of Many 
Tragedies 100 


Carter's Raid Into East Tennessee. — Burning the Bridge at 
Zollicoffer. — Fight at Carter's Depot and Burning of the 
Bridge at That Place. — Personal Mention of Gen. S. P. Carter, 
Col. J. P. T. Carter and Capt. G. O. Collins — Changed Con- 
ditions Since the War Began — Rye and Spice Wood Used for 

Coffee and Tea 104 




Gen. Burnside in East Tennessee. — Rejoicing of the Union 
People. — Advance to Bristol. — Col. John K. Miller and Col. 
R. R. Butler Authorized to Raise Federal Regiments — Long- 
street's Advance Upon Knoxville. — Federal Troops Fall 
Back. — Recruits Fall Back With the Army — Strawberry 
Plains. — Organization of the Regiment. — Field and Staff. — 
Death of Lieut-Col. A. D. Smith.— R. R. Butler Becomes 
Lieut.-Col. — Siege of Knoxville 110 


March to Camp Nelson. — Without Shelter or Rations. — 
Much Suffering and Hardships on the Way- — Mid-Winter. — 
Cold and Rain and Snow. — Towns Passed Through — Incidents 
on the Way. — Our Appearance 120 


At Camp Nelson. — Major Doughty's Detachment Joins the 
Regiment — Cold New Year's Day. — Oliver McClellan and 
Others Frozen to Death. — Rigiment Clothed. — Mounted, 
Fully Equipped and Paid Off. — Improved Appearance of Offi- 
cers and Men. — Death of Capt. Luttrell. — Ordered to Nash- 
ville. — Fight Guerrillas Through Kentucky. — Arrival at Nash- 
ville 124 


At Camp Gillem — Camp and Guard Duty. — Religious Ser- 
vice. — Drill and Discipline. — East Tennessee Refugees — Dan 
Ellis in Camp. — Gov. Brownlow and Gen. S. P. Carter Visit 
the Regiment. — Small-pox and Measles. — Many Deaths in the 
Regiment. — Move to Camp Catlett. — Brigade Organized 133 


At Gallatin.— Lieut.-Col. Butler Resigns. — W. H. Ingerton 
Appointed Lieut.-Col. — Proves to be a Most Efficient Officer. 
Drill and Discipline. — Dan Ellis Again Visits the Regiment. 
Brings Recruits and Letters From Home. — Accounts of Dis- 
tress in East Tennessee- — 4th of July at Gallatin. — Gov. John- 
son in Camp. — Regiment Again Paid Ofif. — Life in Camp. 
Brigade Detached for Special Service in East Tennessee. — 
Designated "Third Brigade, Governor's Guard." — Gen. Gil- 
lem. — He is Assigned to Command of the Forces in E. Tenn. 

Gov. Johnson's Orders. — Brigade Ordered to E. Tenn. 139 




March Across the Mountains.. — On Towards Home- — First 
Skirmish With the Enemy at Rogersville — Sharp Fighting at 
Blue Springs and Greeneville. — Wheeler's Cavalry. — Fight at 
Rice's Gap. — Enemy Defeated. — Col. Miller, Lt.-Col. Inger- 
ton, Lt.-Col. Brownlow, Major Newell and Lt. Patterson Com- 
plimented for Gallantry by Gen. Gillem 155 


Fight at Greeneville, Tenn. — Death of the Famous Raider, 
Gen. John H. Morgan. — The Facts Told by Eye-Witnesses 
and Participants in the Affair. — Proof That Gen- Morgan Was 
Killed While Attempting to Make His Escape and While Fir- 
ing on His Pursuers.. — The Fabulous Stories That He Was 
Betrayed by a Woman and Murdered After He Had Sur- 
rendered Disproved — Andrew Campbell His Slayer — The 
History of the Afifair Corrected in Many Particulars 162 


Further Comments on the Death of Gen. Morgan — Extract 
From Lee's History. — The Statement Untrue. — Hon. A. B. 
Wilson's History of the Affair 180 


Fight at Lick Creek. — Results in Defeat of a Detachment of 
the Thirteenth Under Col. Ingerton. — Our Officers and Men 
Display the Greatest Gallantry in This Engagement. — Retreat 
After Severe Loss. — Brigade Advances. — Robert Pride Killed 
At Jonesboro. — W. B. C. Smith Captured at Johnson City. 
Fighting Between Johnson City and Carter's Depot. — Charge 
at the Latter Place. — Col. Miller's and Lt. Angel's Horses 
Shot. — Enemy Defeated. — The gth Tenn- Cavalry. — Col- S. K. 
N- Patton Joins the Brigade at Leadvale. — Another Re- 
trogade. — Our Rear Threatened. — Brigade Advances. — Fight 
at Panther Springs — Gallant Charge at Morristown. — Enemy 
Routed 190 


Bull's Gap Stampede. — Full Particulars. — Result of Jealousy 
Between Commanding Officers. — Gen. Ammen Censured. — 
Heavy Loss of the 3rd Brigade. — Brave Defense of the Gap 
Before the Stampede 204 


After the Stampede. — Brigade Shows no Demoralization. — 
Death of Col. Ingerton. — B. P. Stacy Appointed Lt.-Col. and 
Assumes Command of Regiment. — Many Changes in Offi- 
cers. — Camp-Life at Cantonment Springs — Preparing for a 
Winter Campaign. 213 



First Stoneman Raid Into Southwest Virgitiia. — Cold 
Weather and Hard Marching. — Fights at Rogersville and 
Kingsport.— Death of Capt. Jas. B- Wyatt at Abingdon.— 
Pursuit of Gen. Vaughn. — Fight in Marion Before Day-Light. 
Death of Capt. Wm. M. Gourley. — Fight at Mt. Arie. — At 
Saltville. — Gallant Charge and Capture of Fort Brccken- 
ridge. — Regiment Complimented by Gen. Stonemati. — Suffer- 
ing From Cold and Hard Marching. — Return to Knoxville. — 
In Winter Quarters. — Social Life at Knoxville 219 


Stoneman's Second Raid Into Virginia, North Carolina, 
South Carolina and Georgia. — Fight at Wytheville, Va., and 
Salisbury, N. C — Pursuit of President Davis. — Destruction of 
Confederate Stores. — The Armistice. — Return to Tennessee. — 
At Lenoirs Station 231 


At Lenoirs and Sweetwater. — Last Move to Knoxville. — 
Closing Scenes. — Muster-Out. — Goodby's — Observation on 
Army Life. — Summary of Service 252 


Personal Sketch of Each Officer of the Regiment, Giving 
the Part He Took in the Bridge-Burning, the Carter County 
Rebellion or Other Service, Together With the Pictures of as 
Many Officers as We Are Able to Get, With the Military His- 
tory of Each One 263 


A Brief Outline of the Numerous Tragedies That Occurred 
in Carter and Johnson Counties During the Civil War, Giving 
Date and Circumstances Attending Them as Far as Possible- .317 


The Heroes and Heroines of Carter and Johnson Counties 
in the Civil War 363 


A Sketch of Daniel Ellis' Adventures as Union Pilot, With 
Many Thrilling Adventures and Hair-Breadth Escapes of This 
Brave and Daring Scout and Pilot Who Took More Than 
4000 Men Into the Federal Army From East Tennessee, South- 
west Virginia and Western Nonh Carolina, and Whose Name 
is Familiar to Thousands of Unior Veterans All Over the 

United States 423 



Col. John K. Miller Frontispiece 

The Three Adjutants Page i j 

Lieut. Col. R. R. Butler " 32 

Lieut. Col. W. H. Ingerton " 33 

Adj't S. P. Angel " 48 

Lieut. Col. B. P. Stacy " 48 

IVIajor C. C. Wilcox " 49 

Lieut. John M. Wilcox " 49 

Major G. W. Doughty " 64 

Major Eli N. Underwood '' 65 

Major Joseph H. Wagner " 80 

Major Robert H. M- Donnelly " 81 

Major James W. M. Grayson " 96 

Major Patrick F. Dyer. '. " 96 

Captain Jas. M. Cameron " 97 

Lieut. Richard L. Wilson " 112 

Gen. Alvin C. Gillem " 113 

Captain W. M. Gourlev " 128 

Captain L. W. Fletcher " 128 

Captain Daniel Ellis " 129 

Daniel Ellis " '144 

Captain Isaac A. Taylor "' 145 

Lieut. Alex. D. Frasier '' 160 

Captain David B. Jenkins '' i6i 

Lieut. Geo. W. Emmert " 176 

Corp. Henry Lineback " I77 

Captain Richard H. Luttrell " 192 

Captain Alfred T. Donnelly " 193 

Lieut. Calvin M. Arnold " I93 

Lieut. Chas- Lefler " 208 

Elisha A. Shoun " 209 

Corp. Isaac A. Shoun " 209 

Captain J. H. Norris " 224 

Captain Thomas J. Barry " 225 

Lieut. B. B. Ferguson " 240 

Captain Frederick Slimp " 240 

Lieut. Thomas C. Wliite " 241 

Captain S. W. Scott " 241 

Serg't G. D. Roberts " 272 

Serg't R. B. Wilcox " 272 



Serg't James W. Pearce Ptge 273 

Corp. J. G. Burchfield " 273 

Hon. J. G. Burchfield " 28S 

Capt. Landon Carter " 289 

Lieut. C. M. Emmert " 304 

Lieut. Jeremiah B- Miller " 305 

Lieut. James N. Freels " 320 

Serg't J. J. McCorcle " 321 

Hon. J. J. McCorcle " 336 

Captain S. E. Northington " 337 

Lieut. H. C. Northington " 337 

Serg't E. W. Mulican " 352 

Serg't Jesse W. Gambil " 352 

Lieut. Henry M. Walker " 353 

Lieut- W. F. M. Hyder and son " 368 

Captain J. B. Wyatt " 369 

Captain J. W. Ellis " 369 

Captain G. O. Collins " 384 

Lieut. Andrew Campbell " 384 

Lieut. A. C. Fondren '" 385 



We are pleased to note that a number of books have 
been written since the Civil War dealing with the loyalty, 
heroism, and suffering of the Union people of East Ten- 
nessee during that period. Notable among these are : 
"The Loyal Mountaineers of East Tennessee," by 
Thomas William Humes, S. T. D., and "East Tennessee 
and the Civil War," by Hon. Oliver P. Temple. These 
are most able and valuable contributions to the literature 
of this period, and contain a reliable and graphic account 
of many of the leading events and the prominent actors 
in them, from the date of the "Settlement on the Wa- 
tauga" to the close of the Civil War. 

Had these authors entered into the details of the many 
incidents and adventures that transpired in the thirty- 
one counties that were then embraced in the Eastern 
Division of Tennessee, and the organization of the 
various regiments of Federal troops that joined the army 
and rendered such signal service in the preservation of 
the Union, their books would have necessarily grown too 
voluminous to be satisfactory to the general reader. 
Hence it is our purpose to confine our history largely to 
the occurrences in the two counties of Carter and John- 
son with which we are most familiar, and to the organi- 
zation of the Thirteenth Tennessee Cavalry, U. S. A., 
many of whom were leaders in the bridge burning and the 
Carter county rebellion and afterwards did good service 
as soldiers in the field. 

We hope others will write the histories of other locali- 
ties and other regiments, so that in the end a full and ac- 
curate history of every important event that transpired 
within the boundaries of our loved East Tennessee will 
be placed on record. These events, when fully written, 
will form an interesting chapter in the history of the 
Civil War, and will grow in interest as the years pass by. 

Though the counties of Johnson and Carter were far 
removed from the actual theatre of war where the great 
battles w^ere fought, yet they were the scene of many 
tragedies and conflicts that had an important bearing 
upon its final results. In narrating them we have no de- 



sire to awaken any of the animosities that were engen- 
dered by the war, which we trust are long since dead and 
buried, but we make no apologies for writing them from 
the stand-point of Union soldiers, believing now, as we 
did then, that the loyal men of East Tennessee were in 
the right. 

We lay no claims to literary attainments, but under- 
take to tell, in simple words, the story of the struggles 
and hardships, sufferings and patient endurance, of loyal 
men and women who loved their flag next to their God, 
and were willing "to dare all things and endure all 
things" for the love they bore their country. 

It has been our aim to attain the highest degree of ac- 
curacy in relating the incidents contained in this work, 
and to this end we have consulted the most authentic his- 
tories of the period accessible to us. We are indebted 
also to Dr. Abram Jobe, Capt. Daniel Ellis, Capt. S. 
H. Hendrix, Hon. A. B. Wilson, of Greeneville, Tenn., 
Dr. N. E. Hyder, of Elizabethton, Tenn., Capt. Fred- 
erick Slimp, of Butler, Tenn., Lieut. A. D. Frasier, of 
Watauga Valley, Tenn., and many other comrades and 
friends for interesting data in regard to the bridge burn- 
ing, the Carter county rebellion, the death of Gen. Mor- 
gan, and other incidents. 

But our readers will perceive how difficult the task is 
of obtaining absolutely reliable information after the 
lapse of so many years. They will also remember that 
different persons, viewing a battle or other event from 
different stand-points, will receive very different impres- 
sions of it. 

We place the work in your hands believing your criti- 
cisms will be generous, and feeling our labor amply re- 
paid if we have afforded our readers a few hours respite 
from the cares and duties of life in perusing a history 
of a time that not only "tried men's souls" but tried to 
the uttermost the patient, brave, and noble ivomcn of 
Carter and Johnson counties. 


Knoxville, Tenn., 
December ist, 1902. 



By Hon. John P. Smith (Lieut. 4th Tenn. Vol. In- 
fantry) late Chancellor First Chancery Division of Ten- 

Governor ^Mountain Branch of the National Home for 
Disabled Volunteer Soldiers, located at Johnson City, 

By request, I submit a brief Introduction to a history 
written by Captain S. \\^ Scott and Adjutant S. P. 
Angel, entitled : "History of the Thirteenth Regiment of 
Tennessee V^olunteer Cavalry, U. S. A., including a nar- 
rative of the Bridge Burning, the Carter County Rebel- 
lion, and the Loyalty, Heroism and Suffering of the Un- 
ion Men and Vi'omen of Carter and Johnson Counties, 
Tennessee, during the Civil War." 

The scene where this history is laid includes my native 
county. ]\Iany of the loyal men and women whose 
names appear in its pages are my friends, playmates, and 
kindred, hence I can but feel a deep interest in its con- 

The peculiar situation of East Tennessee in the Civil 
War made the struggle there far more intense and bitter, 
and the suffering of the people far greater than where the 
people were more united in sentiment. 

The bold stand taken by the Union leaders in East 
Tennessee, and the heroic devotion with which the men 
and women clung to their principles unawxd by threats 
or imprisonment, undismayed by the deadly musket or 
the hangman's rope, unconquered and unconquerable 
through four long years of hardships and persecution, 
deserve a place in history. An examination of the head- 
lines of the chapters of this work leads me to believe it 
will be read with much interest. 

There is a deep-seated love of the heroic implanted in 
the human mind, and as long as admiration for brave 
deeds, and sympathy for suffering humanity, has a place 
ir the human heart, the story of the steadfast loyalty, and 
the unfaltering devotion to the Union, of the people of 


Carter and Johnson counties, through a long period of 
unparalleled suffering and privation will be read with, 
unabated interest. 

East Tennessee, according to the Bureau of Statistics 
of the U. S. Government, furnished 31,092 volunteers in 
the Federal army. These figures are probably below the 
actual number as many of them served in regiments of 
other States, and were not counted in this estimate. These 
soldiers maintained the proud record for courage and 
chivalry that has distinguished the volunteer soldiers of 
Tennessee since the beginning of our country's history. 

There were 28 military organizations, made up almost 
exclusively of East Tennesseeans. These troops per- 
formed splendid service on many battle fields. Some 
were with Sherman in his "March to the Sea;" some 
were in the long chase after Gen. John H. Morgan 
through Kentucky, Indiana and Ohio; others were bat- 
tling to redeem their homes in East Tennessee, and firing 
the last shots at the tottering Confederacy in South Caro- 
lina and Georgia. There is no record of their service, ex- 
cept a few mutilated copies of the report made by the 
Adjutant-General of the State, published in 1867, which 
gives a very inadequate idea of the services rendered by 
these organizations. 

I commend the energy and zeal of the authors of this 
history, as well as the pride they have taken in the work 
of perpetuating the name and services of the gallant Regi- 
ment of which they were members, and the heroic deeds 
of the brave men and women of the two counties from 
which the Regiment was largely made up. 

This work will be of great value in the future as a 
book of reference, and its refutation of the imputation 
that Gen. John H. Morgan was murdered by the Tennes- 
see troops after he had surrendered will be, in itself, of 
inestimable value in exonerating them from a charge, 
which if it had been true, would have brought upon them 
the just reproach of every brave soldier, 

A history of this kind, embracing the services of all 
the East Tennessee regiments of Federal troops, and all 



the important events that transpired in every county in 
East Tennessee, would involve too much time and labor 
for a single historian and would not possess the local in- 
terest that a number of separate volumes, containing the 
services of each organization, and the history of events 
in the county or counties from which each regiment was 
organized, would possess. For this reason I trust this 
work will awaken an interest, and arouse a spirit of 
emulation among the surviving comrades, that will result 
in giving to the public a history of every East Tennessee 
regiment, and the interesting events that occurred in each 
county during the Civil War. 

It is a matter of congratulation to those who lived dur- 
ing the dark days of the Civil War, and to those who have 
grown up since that time, that the survivors of that period 
who were arrayed in deadly hostility to each other then 
are now friends and brothers, mingling in friendly broth- 
erhood in church, fraternal, social, and business relations, 
with all the animosities of that dreadful period effaced ; 
that Federal and Confederate veterans affiliate together 
in their reunions, and that they, and their sons, fought 
side by side under the old flag for human liberty, and in 
behalf of an oppressed people; and that, with its heritage 
of great achievements and glorious deeds, performed 
under the stars and stripes, and under the stars and bars 
our united country is marching forward in the front rank 
of the nations of the world. 



The purpose of this History. — To rescue from oblivion the 
names of the Heroes and Heroines of Johnson and Carter 
Counties during the Civil War, and perpetuate the memory of 
the Thirteenth Tennessee Cavalry and the gallant Third Brigade. 

A general history containing a detailed account of the 
services rendered by each individual regiment engaged in 
the Civil War would be impracticable if not impossible. 
Regiments are merged into larger organizations, and in 
a war of such magnitude as our Civil War, the historian 
must, as a rule, confine himself to the important move- 
ments in which the army in its larger subdivision was 
engaged. Thus it will be seen that in the general history 
of any great war regimental organizations must lose their 
identity, and after a few years, except those who perform- 
ed some very notable deeds of valor, even the names of 
regiments and the ofBcers and men who composed them 
will have passed into oblivion. 

History tells us of the heroism of our ancestors in sub- 
duing the savages, opening up the New World to civi- 
lization and the introduction of civil and religious liberty. 
We read of the heroes of the American Revolution and 
their long struggle for independence. How they suffered 
at Valley Forge; how their unexampled courage and 
fortitude, through seven long years of war, under the 
guidance of Divine Providence, finally led to the winning 
of their liberty, and the building up of a great Republic 
in the ^^'estern \\'orld. 

We read of the second war with Great Britain in 



which the young Republic again measured arms with 
the mother country, then as now, the leading nation of 
the world. How our gallant soldiers and sailors were 
again victorious, achieving what was termed "our second 

Again we read of our war with Mexico in which our 
gallant army under Gen. Winfield Scott, and Gen. Zach- 
ery Taylor, after a series of unbroken victories, dictated 
terms of peace in the ancient capitol of the" Aztecs and 
acquired a vast extent of territory now formed into great 
and prosperous States of the Union. 

Of the many thousands of heroic officers and men who 
achieved these victories and placed our country in the 
front rank of the nations of the world, but few of their 
names could be found now outside the musty records of 
the War Department. 

It would be interesting reading to the descendants of 
these heroes if they could turn to some ancient regimental 
history and read the names of their progenitors ; the com- 
pany to which they belonged, the marches they made, the 
battles they fought, in short, the honorable part they 
took in the great dramas that have been enacted upon this 
Continent since the beginning of our history. 

It is the design of this work to rescue from that ob- 
livion into which so much of the past that should have 
been preserved, has fallen, the names and services of the 
officers and men who composed the Thirteenth Tenn. 
Cavalry, U. S^A., to which we belonged, and to whom 
we were attached by the strongest ties of affection, made 
sacred by sharing with them the common dangers, hard- 
ships and toils incident to the volunteer soldier's life. 
We hope to leave on record, to be read by our children 
and grandchildren the honorable part our gallant Regi- 
ment with other East Tennessee regiments, equally brave 
and loyal, took in fighting for the Union and the old 
flag. We hope also to leave on record some glimpses of 
sunshine and mirth that were mingled with the sadder 
and sterner scenes that memory brings back to us. 

We desire to pay a just tribute to that large class of 


loyal men in Johnson and Carter counties, who through 
physical infirmities, age, and other causes, were unable to 
join the Federal army, but, in the absence of the soldiers, 
were the guardians and protectors of their families ; shar- 
ing in the common dangers, hopes and fears through 
which the Unionists of East Tennessee passed during 
this unhappy period. 

Many of these men contributed their all in caring for 
the suffering- families whose fathers, husbands and broth- 
ers were in the army, or driven from home : and in supply- 
ing the wants of refugees and "Scouters" who were in 
hiding from conscript officers. No men did a nobler part 
than these and none deserve greater praise. 

To the noble and patriotic women in these counties, 
w^hose untold suffering would fill a volume in itself, we 
offer our highest praise. Most of them have passed be- 
3'ond the reach of praise or adulation to "that bourne 
from whence no traveler returns," but we hope to give 
their names and record their deeds, as far as possible, so 
that generations yet to come may honor them and revere 
their memory. No night was too dark, no danger too 
imminent, and no labor too arduous for these self-sacri- 
ficing heroines to perform, when the opportunity was pre- 
sented to lend a helping hand to the hunted and starving 

The story of their trials, persecutions, hardships and 
dangers; their suffering and anxiety, can never be told. 
Their hearts though brave and true, were tender and 
loving, and ever open to the appeals of distress; their 
willing hands ever ready to give aid and comfort to the 
sick and suffering, the helpless and needy. 

O, _brave, loving mothers and maidens of Carter and 
Johnson counties, who faced the tempest of hatred and 
persecution, during the Civil War; whose willing hands 
were always ready to minister to the suffering and dis- 
tressed; who carried food to the hunted and famishing 
Union men ; who wore the home-spun fabrics wrought by 
your own hands; who, through weary years of watch- 
ing and waiting, never faltered in love and faith and duty 


to home, friends, or country, we would weave about your 
memory a chaplet of love, honor and lasting remem- 
brance ! Your heroic devotion, your unparalleled suffer- 
ing and uncomplaining toil should furnish a theme for 
poets, more thrilling than the Iliad of Homer or the Epics 
of Virgil that have enshrined the names of Grecian and 
Roman matrons and maidens in immortal verse. 

The deeds of the loyal men of Johnson and Carter 
counties, could they be told in all their thrilling details, 
would rival in patriotic interest the stories of Robert 
Bruce, William Wallace, or the brave Leonidas, who with 
his three hundred Spartans held the pass at Thermopylae 
against the hosts of Persian aggressors. 



East Tennessee. — Scenery, Soil and Climate. — Heroism of Her 
Sons in Former Wars. — Their Prowess on Every Battlefield. 
There Happy Homes and Contented Lives. 

"East Tennessee, secluded land. 
Of gentle hills and mountains grand ; 
Where Nature's richest verdures grow, 
And coolest springs and rivers flow ; 
Where golden wheat and waving corn 
Are liberal poured trom plenty's horn. 
Land of the mountains and the glen, 
Of lovely maids and stalwart men ; 
Where beauteous sunsets greet the eye 
In golden splendor on the sky. — Nelson. 1 

Because of its picturesque scenery, lofty mountains and 
beautiful streams East Tennessee has been called "the 
Switzerland of America." The resemblance to that mar- 
velous and beautiful land does not end with its mountain 
scenery and productive soil, so far-famed, but is illus- 
trated in the heroism of her sons, a prominent character- 
istic of the little Republic in the Alps. 

Carter and Johnson counties, where the scene of the 
greater part of our history is laid, are situated in the 
extreme eastern part of the State, bordering on Virginia 
and North Carolina, and under the shadow of the high- 
est peaks of the great Appalachian range of mountains 
which extends from Canada to the foot-hills of Georgia. 
A part of the area of the proposed great Appalachian 
Park or Reservation, which through the influence 
and untiring energy of Hon. Walter P. Brownlow, Con- 
gressman from the First District of Tennessee, it is hoped 
will soon be made a Government park to be known as the 
"McKinley Park," w^ll lie within these two counties. 

Almost every spot in East Tennessee is heroic ground, 


made sacred by some heroic deed of valor. The grandeur 
of her lofty mountains, the music of the streams, the 
brightness of her skies, have ever been themes for poetry 
and song. Her poets and orators have woven about her 
name a halo of love and beauty, set in rarest gems of 
rhythm and eloquence. 

East Tennessee is the birthplace of the history of the 
State. It was on the banks of the Watauga, in what is 
now Carter county, that the first permanent settlement 
was made on the soil of Tennessee. The pioneers from 
Virginia built forts along the Watauga river in 1769, and, 
remote from either the colonies of Virginia or North 
Carolina, not knowing even to which of these colonies 
the territory belonged, they erected forts and dwellings, 
trusting in God and their own strong arms for protection 
for themselves and families from the savage and treach- 
erous Indians. They met at Sycamore Shoals on the 
Watauga river and enacted laws for their own govern- 
ment, and elected officers from among their number to 
see that the laws were duly executed. This was the first 
convention held upon the soil of what is now the State of 

With the rude implements of husbandry then at their 
command, and their trusty rifles near by, they began to 
subdue the virgin soil, and to develop that skill and cour- 
age in warfare that made our ancestors so famous. 

These brave pioneers while yet a part of the colony of 
North Carolina, though feeble in numbers and constantly 
harassed by the Indians, found time to join forces with 
the Virginians, and, starting from Sycamore Shoals, 
made the memorable march through North Carolina and 
defeated Ferguson at King's Mountain. 

In the Indian Wars, and in the Second War with Eng- 
land in 1812-15, the volunteer soldiers of East Tennes- 
see, under General Jackson, maintained the high standard 
of chivalry and courage that had distinguished their an- 
cestors at King's Mountain. In the war with Mexico the 
East Tennessee Volunteers, under Generals Scott and 
Taylor, proved themselves "worthy sons of noble sires" 


•and added new names to the long list of Tennessee heroes 
who had given to our commonwealth the proud distinc- 
tion of "The Volunteer State." 

At the battle of Point Pleasant, under Evan Shelby, at 
Musgrove's Mill, at King's Mountain, the Alamo, San 
Jacinto, New Orleans and on the plains of Mexico— 
in short, on every battlefield since the beginning of our 
•country's history, wherever Liberty has been endangered 
and Freedom has needed champions. East Tennesseeans 
have been the first "to fill the breach, and do or die for 
"home and liberty." 

In the ante-bellum days the hills and dales of Carter 
■and Johnson counties were a veritable Arcadia where the 
soil responded to the hand of industry in the fertile coves 
and valleys and even far up the mountain sides, and 
yielded grain and fruits in abundance to supply the wants 
of a frugal people. The mountains were yet the abode 
•of bear, deer and turkeys, as well as smaller game, af- 
fording sport and exercise, and palatable and nutritious 
food for the mountaineer and his family. The streams 
abounded in bass and trout, affording respite from the 
toilsome hunt and adding to their table comforts. The 
air was full of health, and was scented with the fragrance 
•of wild flowers. The people were virtuous, honest and 
industrious, — patriotic and contented. It has been truly 
said that contentment is better than riches. These people 
■were contented with their lot. 

A quotation adapted from Burn's "Cotter's Saturday 
Night" would have been a fitting invocation in behalf of 
ihese people : 

"East Tennessee ! my dear mv native soil ; 

For whom my warmest wish to heaven is sent! 
Long may thy hardy sons of rustic toil 

Be blest with health and peace and sweet content ! 
And, O ! may Heaven their simple lives prevent 

From luxury's contagion, weak and vile!" 

The tyranny of fashion, the ambition for wealth or 
power were unknown to them. There were no caste or 
•classes marked by gaudy apparel, showy equipages or 


glittering gems. These things found no place in their 
thoughts by day or dreams by night. They were content 
with honest toil, frugal meals and simple raiment. They 
loved their humble homes which were open alike to their 
neighbors or to the journeying stranger. Their hospital- 
ity was proverbial. 

Their pleasures and recreations were of the simplest 
kind. At the quarterly courts, election and muster days 
they gathered sufficient news of the outside world tO' 
last them all the year. They read the "Hagertown," or 
"Greely's" almanac, believed in the prognostications as 
to the weather and the best time to sow seeds, lay fence 
worms or make clap-boards — whether in the dark or 
light of the moon. They had great reverence for the 
Bible and the House of God and went many miles to 
preaching or to attend camp-meetings, c|uarterly meet- 
ings, associations and synods. They spent the winter 
evenings around the blazing fire in relating stories and 
traditions or mending their shoes and garments, often 
to the music of the spinning wheel. The violin was their 
favorite, and almost only, musical instrument. They as- 
sisted each other at house and barn raisings, log-rollings 
and corn-huskings, winding up the day with a party or 
a "hoe-down" dance in which old and young engaged 
with great zest and pleasure. 

On these occasions, though apple brandy was freely 
passed around, it was not often indulged too freely. It 
was the pure apple juice which "cheered but did not in- 
ebriate" unless used to great excess, which was seldom 
done. In those days there were no poisonous liquids to- 
stupefy the brain and incite to crime, no bachanalian re- 
velry or noisy debauchery. The evenings were often en- 
livened with song and mirth and all were at peace with all 
the world ; and when the hour came to retire to their 
humble couches, with hearts void of guile, they sank into- 
that peaceful and refreshing sleep known only to those 
who are acquainted with honest toil, and whose minds 
are free from the harrassing cares which wealth and am- 
bition give to their unhappy votaries. Such was the con- 


dition of the majority of the people in those two counties 
before the demon of civil war, with all its harrowing 
cruelties, invaded these peaceful and happy homes. Con- 
tent to leave the cares of State to others, and resting se- 
cure under the protection of a free government which 
they had helped to protect, and the old flag they loved so 
much, they flung care to the winds and dreamed not of 
the danger that was soon to cloud their happiness. 

There were comparatively few slaves or slave owners- 
in these counties. The slaves, with very few exceptions, 
were kindly treated and were contented with their con- 

While we have said the majority of the people were 
uneducated and were not ambitious to win fame or 
wealth, there was a fair proportion of the more wealthy 
citizens who had been educated in Eastern colleges, and 
who were ambitious to distinguish themselves in the var- 
ious professions, in the ministry and in politics. Some 
of these men became the leaders when the dark days came 
and performed their part nobly, joining hands and hearts 
with the toilers, whom they had been taught almost tO' 
despise, in the grand work of preserving the nation. 



The Civil War, Its Causes, briefly Told. — Slavery and State- 
Rights. — Election of i860. — Mr. Lincoln. — The "Star of the 
West." — Preparations for War. — Fort Sumter Fired On. — States 

That the reader may have a clear conception of the 
events that follow we deem it proper to insert a brief 
outline of the Civil War, and the causes that led up to it 
from the point of view of the East Tennessee Loyalist. 

For many years previous to the war the contention 
over the institution of slavery and the doctrine of State's 
Rights, as it was termed, had been growing in earnest- 
ness and intensity between the great political parties, or 
rather between the Northern and Southern wings of each 
of the great parties, both in Congress and among the 
people. The growing sentiment of opposition to slavery 
among the people north of Mason and Dixon's line 
alarmed the people of the cotton-growing States who be- 
lieved slave labor indispensable to their success in grow- 
ing the great staple, cotton, which had been proclaimed 
"King" by them ; and which with the cultivation of rice, 
tobacco and sugar-cane constituted the base of the wealth 
and prosperity of the Southern States. 

The people of the South contended that the institution 
of slavery was of divine origin ; and moreover, was 
clearly recognized by the Constitution of the United 
States. They were also jealous of their rights as States, 
believing the Union of the States was merely a tempor- 
ary compact entered into for convenience and mutual pro- 
tection which could be annulled at the discretion of the 
individual States without reference to the consent or 
pleasure of the general Government. 

On the contrary, the Northern people, or a large por- 


tion of them, condemned the institution of slavery as 
wrong, cruel, and subversive of the principles of justice, 
liberty, and freedom to all people, as set forth in the 
Declaration of Independence and embodied in the Consti- 
tution. They contended that the United States was a 
Nation, and that the Federal Government had the right 
to hold the several States in subjection to its authority; 
and that no State had the right to sever its connection 
with the General Government without its consent. For 
more than fifty years these questions had been agitated 
with more or less acrimony. 

The enactment of the "Missouri Compromise" in 1850, 
the last great measure championed by Henry Clay, which 
was designed to settle the sectional dififerences of the peo- 
ple, only postponed the evil day. 

The Republican party, organized in 1854 from the 
anti-slavery elements of the old Whig and Democratic 
parties of the North, and which developed such unex- 
pected strength under the leadership of Gen. John C. 
Fremont in the presidential election of 1856, was a grave 
cause of alarm and apprehension on the part of the pro- 
slavery and State's Right-s people of the South. The anti- 
slaver}'^ people of the North were, of course, correspond- 
ingly elated and encouraged over the result. 

In the interval between the presidential election of 
1856 and that of i860, the tendency of the times pointed 
to the overthrow of the great Democratic party which 
had controlled the affairs of the Government since the 
days of Jefferson with but two brief interruptions, and 
which in later years had championed the cause of Slavery 
and State Rights, so dear to the hearts of the Southern 

To make this result almost absolutely assured the 
Democratic party, which met at Charleston, S. C, in 
April, i860, for the purpose of nominating candidates 
for President and Vice President of the United States, 
failed to agree, either upon a platform or candidates, and 
made what was called a "split" in the party. Later, in 
June, it met again at Baltimore, but the two factions 


were farther apart than ever. The Southern wing of the 
party nominated John C. Breckenridge, of Kentucky, for 
President, and Joseph Lane, of Kansas, for Vice Presi- 
dent. The Northern wing of the party nominated Ste- 
phen A. Douglass, of lUinois, for President, and Herchel 
V. Johnson, of Georgia, for Vice President. 

The party known as the "Constitutional Union Party" 
nominated John Bell, of Tennessee, and Edward Everett, 
of Massachusetts, as its standard bearers. This party was 
composed largely of the old Whig party of the South, 
which was opposed to secession, but was not in sympathy 
with the Republican party. This party received the elec- 
toral vote of but three States, viz : Tennessee, Kentucky 
and Maryland. 

The Republican party met in convention in Chicago, 
May 16, i860, and nominated Abraham Lincoln, of Il- 
linois, and Hannibal Hamlin, of Maine, as candidates for 
President and \^ice President. 

The Southern leaders seeing that the Democratic party 
was hopelessly divided and the election of Mr. Lincoln 
was a foregone conclusion, urged upon the Southern 
States the necessity of withdrawing from the Union 
rather than submit to the election of what they termed 
a sectional President, and one whose administration 
would be inimical to Slavery and State's Rights, so 
dear to the people. The election resulted, as had been 
anticipated, but Mr. Lincoln could not take his seat until 
March 4th, 1861. 

Mr. Buchanan, the predecessor of Mr. Lincoln, was in 
full sympathy with the South, although he was a native 
of Pennsylvania. His cabinet, being mostly Southern 
men, were also favorable to the Southern movement of 

The administration of Mr. Buchanan was vascillating 
and undecided ; and the Southern leaders took advantage 
of the four months that elapsed between Mr. Lincoln's 
election and inauguration to make every preparation for 
the coming conflict. They had already been drilling men 
and making preparation for war, but now that Mr. Bu- 


chanan put no obstacles in their way, but on the contrary- 
permitted his Secretary of War to so dispose the arms and 
munitions of war in Southern forts and arsenals that they 
would readily fall into the hands of the enemies of the 
Government, they went forward with the work of drill- 
ing, organizing and preparing for war without molesta- 
tion from the Federal Government, so that when the 
new administration came into power on March 4th, 1861, 
the following States had already seceeded from the 
Union : South Carolina, Georgia, Mississippi, Louisiana, 
Florida, Alabama and Texas. Gen. Twiggs, who was 
second in command of the army to Gen. Scott, was in 
command of the Department of Texas and disposed and 
arranged the troops so that the materials of war, guns 
and ammunition, would easily fall into the hands of the 
enemy, as was the result. 

The situation confronting the Administration when it 
came into jxDwer on the 4th of March was most appalling 
indeed. The small standing army had been scattered, to 
the great disadvantage of the Government, and was di- 
vided in sentiment. ]\lany of the forts and a large part 
of the munitions of war had fallen into the hands of the 
enemy. Many of the Northern leaders who had favored 
the election of Mr. Lincoln counselled peace. Horace 
Greely, the great Editor of the "New York Tribune," 
and who had been foremost in denouncing slavery, said : 
"Let the erring sisters go in peace." Much sympathy 
v\-as expressed for the Southern Cause even in the North. 
At the same time, there was a strong feeling of loyalty 
to the Union in the Southern border States, especially in 
Kentucky, Tennessee, ^Missouri and W^est Virginia. 

Among the first acts of President Lincoln was to call 
for 75.000 volunteers to suppress the Rebellion. This 
proclamation was condemned by the Southern press, and 
by the Southern sympathizers in the North, though it 
was known that the Southern States had already called 
out troops and were drilling and forming an army to 
destroy the Government. 

However, Mr. Lincoln was held up as an Usurper, a 


Tyrant and Despot because he had the courage, at this 
momentous crisis, to make an effort to preserve the in- 
tegrity of the country. But the call for only 75,00a 
troops showed how little Mr. Lincoln and his advisers, 
knew of the temper of the Southern people, or the de- 
termination and earnestness with which they had set 
about the work of dissolving the Union and forming 3. 
government of their own,- thus setting a precedent that, 
would permit each State to withdraw from the Union, or 
from the Confederacy that was then being formed, at 
will, which could only have resulted, in the end, in a 
multiplicity of petty republics among whom continual 
disagreements would have arisen, as has been demon- 
strated in South America. 

The next important act of the new Administration was 
to attempt to relieve Major Anderson, who with a small 
garrison, was shut up in Fort Sumpter, situated in Char- 
leston Harbor, South Carolina. ]\Ir. Buchanan, pursu- 
ing his peaceful policy, had sent the "Star of the West," 
an unarmed vessel, under the national flag, with succor 
and provisions for the garrison which had arrived there 
on the 9th of January, 1861. Upon its arrival it was- 
immediately fired upon by the Confederate authorities. 
This act of hostility and insult to the flag was not re- 
sented by Mr. Buchanan. The Star of the West was 
compelled to withdraw without giving aid to the garri- 
son. Major Anderson was in Fort Moultrie until Decem- 
ber 26, i860, when he withdrew his little garrison to 
Fort Sumpter, which aft'orded a better opportunity for de- 
fense from the rebels, who had continually threatened 
him since the incident of the Star of the West. This 
movement of Major Anderson enraged the Confederate 
authorities to such an extent that on the 12th of April 
they notified him that they would open fire on the fort 
in one hour. At 4 P. M. the first shot was fired at Fort 
Sumpter, "the shot heard round the world." and which 
was the beginning of the most stupendous and bloody 
civil war known to modern times. 

It is beyond the scope of this work to follow the vary- 

(See page 264.) 

(See page 215.) 


ing fortunes of the contending forces in the great strug- 
gle that followed the reduction of Fort Sumpter, which, 
after a most gallant defense by its heroic garrison under 
Major Anderson, was compelled to capitulate. We will 
now confine our history to that part of the war that per- 
tained to events in East Tennessee and to the locality in 
which our history is laid, except so far as they relate to, 
or in some manner concern our history. 



Excitement over Fall of Fort Sumter. — How the News was 
Received. — Military League Formed. — Proceedings of Knoxville 
and Greeneville Conventions. — Names of Delegates. — Johnson and 
Nelson. — The State Secedes. — Vote in Carter and Johnson 
Counties. — Intimidation and Persecution. 

Although the mutterings of Civil War had been heard 
for many months, few believed there would be actual hos- 
tilities until the news of the firing on Fort Sumpter was 
flashed over the wires. All had hoped that some means 
would be devised by the more reasonable leaders on each 
side to avert a calamity, the direful results of which, none 
could then fully realize, but which it required no pro- 
phetic vision to foresee must end in general ruin and dis- 
aster to the country. 

But the news of the firing on Fort Sumpter quickly 
dispelled this illusion. Many still believed the war would 
not be of long duration, but the South had long been pre- 
paring for the great struggle and was in much better 
condition than the North, according to its resources, to 
maintain the seemingly unequal conflict. The excitement 
produced by the news from Charleston was intense. Men 
gathered in groups on the street corners, in the post office 
and business houses and listened with blanched faces to 
the reading of the dispatches by those who were so fortu- 
nate as to get daily papers. Mirth and merriment were 
laid aside, and the faces of men were grave and thought- 
ful. Business was neglected to a great extent, and the 
people's thoughts were turned to the one absorbing sub- 
ject of what was to be the result of the great contest that 
liad now been appealed to the arbitrament of war — civil 
%var — the most dreaded form of that terrible scourge. 


Events of gravest importance now followed each other 
in rapid succession. In December, i860, Gov. Harris 
had cahed a special session of the General Assembly of 
the State of Tennessee to meet at Nashville on January 
7, 1 86 1. In his message to that assembly he recom- 
mended the passage of an act calling for an election to 
choose delegates to a convention to be held in Nashville 
to determine, or ascertain, the attitude of the State to- 
ward the Federal Government. It was understood that 
this convention, if held, would follow the example of 
other Southern States that had enacted ordinances of 
secession. Hence to vote for the convention would mean 
to vote the State out of the Union. On the 19th of Jan 
uary a bill was passed calling for an election to be held 
on the 9th of February to determine whether or not the 
convention should be held, and to select the necessary 
delegates.. The question of holding this convention was 
thoroughly discussed throughout the State and the elec- 
tion resulted in a majority of 68,000 votes against hold- 
ing the convention; or, in other words, against Seces- 

On April 17th, 1861, a call was made by the Secretary 
cf War on Governor Harris for two regiments of militia 
to serve in the Federal army, to which the Governor of 
Tennessee wired the following reply : "Tennessee will 
not furnish a single man for purposes of coercion, but 
50,000, if necessary, for the defense of our rights and 
those of our Southern brothers." 

It was evident that though Tennessee had, in Febru- 
ary, voted against secession by the overwhelming major- 
ity of 68,000, Governor Harris, and the leaders at Nash- 
ville, now in authority, had been, from the beginning, us- 
ing every effort to take the State out of the Union, and 
form a league or alliance with the Confederate Govern- 
ment, which had now been formed at Montgomery, Ala. 
After President Lincoln had called for troops to defend 
the authority and integrity of the Federal Government, 
l3ut as the South alleged, to coerce and subjugate the 
South, there was a great change of sentiment in the Mid- 
dle and Western portions of the State. This section of 


the State was more closely identified with the interests 
of the cotton-growing States, being largely engaged in 
the cultivation of that staple and owning a large number 
of slaves. 

A "Military League," offensive and defensive, was en- 
tered into on the 7th of May, 1861, between Commis- 
sioners appointed by Governor Harris on the part of the 
State of Tennessee and Commissioners of the Confeder- 
ate Government, and ratified by the General Assembly 
of the State, whereby the State became a part of the Con- 
federate States to all intents and purposes, but an act was 
passed on the 8th of May providing for an election to be 
held on the 8th of June for the people to decide on the 
question of "Separation" or "No Separation," and "Rep- 
resentation" or "No Representation" in the Confederate 

In the meantime troops were being organized and 
preparations for war going on w^ith great activity. It 
would look at this distance like this election was a great 
farce as the State had already been taken out of the Un- 
ion and had formed an alliance, as we have seen, with 
the Confederate States, and no voice of the people could 
have changed the result, hedged in as they now were, 
by military force. However, it was necessary to go 
through these formalities to keep up some appearance of 
form and legality. 

But all these events made little impression on the firm 
stand taken by a large majority of the people of East 
Tennessee except to strengthen, if possible, their devo- 
tion to the Union. 

It was apparent to them that the cloud that had long 
hung ominously over the political sky had burst upon 
them, and each man would be called upon to take his part 
in the great drama that was now about to be enacted. 
The leaders of the Union element, comprising the very- 
best talent of East Tennessee, had not iDeen idle. Men 
looked to them for counsel and advice, but they were 
wise enough to see that they would not be able to stem 
the tide of secession and disloyalty that Avas now in 


full sway unless they should receive aid from the Federal 
Government, which was not probable at this time. But 
they met the storm bravely, and openly defied what they 
conceived to be the unlawful procedure of the State Gov- 

Though they regarded the fight as a hopeless one they 
determined to interpose every obstacle possible to the se- 
cession of the State from the Union, and if they failed 
in this they would endeavor to cut loose from the Middle 
and Western divisions of the State and form a new State. 
Among the most prominent Union leaders at this time 
in their respective localities, were Andrew Johnson, 
Thomas A. R. Nelson, William B. Carter, Conally F. 
Trigg, Nathaniel G. Taylor, Oliver P. Temple, R. R. 
Butler, William G. Brownlow, John Baxter and Andrew 
J. Fletcher. 

The question of Separation, or No Separation was 
thoroughly discussed in East Tennessee. Andrew John- 
son and Thomas A. R. Nelson, who were regarded as 
the ablest representatives of the two old parties, the 
former having been a Democrat and the latter a Whig, 
made a joint canvass of East Tennessee in behalf of "No 
Separation," and "no Representation" in the Confederate 

Mr. Johnson had always been identified with the 
Democratic Party, had held many ofifices of trust and 
honor in the State, and had for many years been the idol 
of his party. 

Judge Nelson had been a prominent Whig leader and 
had been elected to Congress from the First District of 
Tennessee. He was a lawyer of high attainments, dis- 
tinguished for native ability, learning and eloquence. 

It is not strange that these two distinguished citizens, 
having boldly espoused the cause of the Union, shouM 
attract attention, and wield a great influence in moulding 
the sentiment of the people of East Tennessee. 

We remember distinctly the meeting at Elizabethton, 
Tenn., May 15, 1861. A platform was erected in the 
southwest corner of the court house yard and decorated 


with flowers and the stars and stripes. Thousands of 
people were present from Carter and adjoining counties. 
When the speakers arrived they were driven through the 
town in carriages and welcomed with cheers and loud 

At the hotel they w-ere presented with silk badges 
made with the National colors of red, white and blue. 

The presentation speeches were to be made by two 
handsome young Union girls, Miss Ann Johnson (now 
Mrs. D. R. Reese, of Watauga, Tenn.), and Miss Mary 
George. Miss Johnson presented the badge to Gov. 
Johnson in a very happy little speech. Miss George, being 
quite young, declined to present the badge to Judge Nel- 
son, but Mrs. Lizzie Carter took her place and performed 
the duty in a most graceful and pleasing manner. Gov- 
ernor Johnson and Judge Nelson responded in eloquent 
tributes to the loyal mothers and maidens of East Ten- 
nessee, comparing them with the heroines of Grecian and 
Roman history. 

Soon after the Johnson and Nelson meeting at Eliza- 
bethton Hon. Joseph B. Heiskell, of Rogersville, Tenn., 
and Hon. William Cocke, of Knoxville, Tenn., were 
billed to speak at that place in behalf of secession. A 
committee was appointed consrsting of D. P. Wilcox and 
Daniel Stover to wait on these gentlemen and ask them to 
divide time with two of our citizens in the discussion of 
the question. They refused at first, but being informed 
that no speeches would be allowed unless both sides of 
the question were represented, they agreed to the propo- 
sition. Rev. Wm. B. Carter and Rev. N. G. Taylor were 
selected as the champions of the Union cause, and ac- 
cepted, though they had been given very short notice and 
had no time for preparation. They met in the Court 
House and in arranging the preliminaries one of the 
secessionists made some reflection upon Mr. Carter's 
color (his family is said to have descended from Pow- 
hatan, the Indian chief), and said he did not care to de- 
bate W'ith him. This insult was promptly resented by 
Carter in a scathing rebuke. This incident caused much 


bad feeling and it was feared for a time violence would 
be resorted to, but order was restored and the discussion 
proceeded. The Unionists of Carter County felt a just 
pride in the fact that they could produce two men of such 
ability — as Taylor and Carter who, even without prepa- 
ration, were more than able to refute the arguments of 
their opponents who had been sent among them to preach 
disloyalty to their country. 

Another incident occurred at this meeting showing the 
intensity of the feelings existing at that time. It was 
agreed that there should be no applause or demonstra- 
tions of any kind on either side to excite the people. Mrs. 
Murray Stover came in after the speaking began and 
knew nothing of this agreement. She threw a bouquet 
of flowers to one of the speakers. Instantly the whole 
audience arose in confusion, pistols were drawn and it 
looked for a moment as though there would be bloodshed. 


Pursuant to a call previously issued by leading Union 
men 500 delegates, representing nearly every county in 
East Tennessee and composing the ablest representatives 
in this part of the State, met at Temperance Hall, in 
Knoxville, Tenn., and appointed a committee of repre- 
sentative men from each county to draft resolutions and 
report to the convention. On May 30th the committee 
submitted the following report to the convention : 

"We, therefore, the delegates here assembled, repre- 
senting and reflecting, as we verily believe, the opinions 
and wishes of a large majority of the people of East Ten- 
nessee do resolve and declare : 

"First. That the evil which now afflicts our beloved 
country in our opinion is the legitimate result of the 
ruinous and heretical doctrine of secession; that the 
people of East Tennessee have ever been, and we believe 
are still opposed to it by a very large majority. 

"Second. That while the country is upon the threshold 
of a most ruinous and desolating civil war, it may with 


truth be said, and we protest before God that the people 
(so far as we can see) have done nothing to produce it. 

•^ ****** * 

"Sixth. That the Legislature of the State, without hav- 
ing first obtained the consent of the people, had no 
authority to enter into a "military league" with the "Con- 
federate States" against the General Government, and by 
so doing to put the State of Tennessee in hostile array 
against the government of which it then was, and still is, 
a member. Such legislation in the advance of the ex- 
pressed will of the people to change their governmental 
relations was an act of usurpation, and should be visited 
with the severest condemnation of the people. 

"Seventh. That the forming of such "military league," 
and thus practically assuming the attitude of an enemy 
towards the General Government (this, too, in the ab- 
sence of any hostile demonstration against the State) has 
afforded the pretext for raising, arming and equiping a 
large military force, the expense of which must be enor- 
mous, and will have to be paid by the people. And to do 
this, the taxes, already onerous enough, will necessarily 
have to be very greatly increased and probably to an 
extent beyond the ability of the people to pay. 

"Eighth. That the General Assembly by passing a law 
authorizing the volunteers to vote wherever they may be 
on the day of the election, w^iether in or out of the State. 
and in offering the "Confederate States" the Capitol of 
Tennessee, together with other acts, have exercised 
powers and stretched their authority to an extent not 
within their constitutional limits, and not justified by 
the usages of the country. 

"Ninth. That government being instituted for the com- 
mon benefit, the doctrine of non-resistance against arbi- 
trary power and oppression is absurd, slavish and de- 
structive of the good and happiness of mankind. 

"Tenth. That the position which the people of our sister 
State of Kentucky have assumed in this momentous crisis 
commands our highest admiration. Their interests are 
our interests. Their policy is the true policy, as we be- 


lieve, of Tennessee and all the border States. And in 
the spirit of freemen, with an anxious desire to avoid the 
waste of the blood and treasure of the State, we appeal to 
the people of Tennessee, while it is yet in their power, to 
come up in the majesty of their strength and restore 
Tennessee to her true position. 

"Eleventh. We shall await with the utmost anxiety the 
<lecision of the people of Tennessee on the 8th day of 
June, and sincerely trust that wiser councils will pervade 
the great fountain of freedom (the people) than seem to 
have actuated their constituted agent. 

"Twelfth. For the promotion of the peace and harmony 
of the people of East Tennessee it is deemed expedient 
that this convention should again assemble, therefore, 

"Resolved, That when this convention adjourns, it ad- 
journs to meet again at such time and place as the presi- 
dent, or vice-president in his absence, mav determine and 

We place the above resolutions on record here because 
they embody the true sentiment of the best and ablest 
men of East Tennessee at this period. These men were 
from every county, except one, in East Tennessee, and 
represented the best thought and opinion of the entire 
Union element of that section of the State. 


After the election of June 8th, 1861, at which time it 
was claimed by the Confederate authorities that the State 
voted for separation from the Union and representa- 
tion in the Confederate Congress, Judge T. A. R. Nelson, 
■of Jonesboro, Tenn., issued a call for the convention 
which had adjourned at Knoxville in May, subject to the 
call of the president or vice-president, to meet at Greene- 
ville on the 17th of June. The convention accordingly 
assembled on that date with representatives from all the 
counties. It was composed, as before, of the ablest men 
of the several counties, and remained in session several 
-days and issued a declaration of grievances, which, to- 


gether with the proceedings of the Knoxville Convention^ 
were printed and circulated in large numbers throughout 
East Tennessee. 

We introduce here a part of the proceedings of this 
convention as expressing the views of this large and intel- 
ligent body of men concerning the manner in which Ten- 
nessee was taken out of the Union evidently against the 
will of the people, and the very able reasons set forth why 
East Tennessee should be loyal to the Federal Govern- 

The following is a part of the declaration of grievances 
and some of the resolutions which follow them : 

"We, the people of East Tennessee, again assembled 
in a convention of our delegates make the following 
declaration * * * * * So far as we can learn the elec- 
tion held in this State on the 8th day of the present month 
was free, with few exceptions, in no other part of the 
State than East Tennessee. In the larger part of Middle 
and West Tennessee no speeches or discussion in favor 
of the Union were permitted. Union papers were not 
allowed to circulate. Measures were taken in some parts 
of West Tennessee in defiance of the constitution and 
laws which allow folded tickets, to have the ballots num- 
bered in such a manner as to mark and expose the Union 
voter. * * * ^' Disunionists in many places had charge 
of the polls, and Union men, when voting", were de- 
nounced as Lincolnites and abolitionists. The unanim- 
ity of the votes in many large counties where but a few 
weeks before the Union sentiment was so strong, proves 
beyond a doubt that Union men were overawed by mili- 
tary law and the still greater tyranny of a subsidized 
press. Volunteers were allowed to vote in and out of the 
State in flagrant violation of the constitution. From the 
moment the election was over, and before any detailed 
statement of the vote in the different counties had been 
published, and before it was possible to ascertain the re- 
sult, it was exultingly proclaimed that Separation had 
been carried by from 50,000 to 75,000 votes. No pro- 
vision is made by law for the examination of the votes by 


disinterested persons, or for contesting the election. For 
these and other reasons we do not regard the result of the 
election expressive of the will of the people of Tennessee. 

"No effort has been spared to deter the Union men of 
East Tennessee from the expression of their free 
thoughts. The penalties of treason have been threatened 
against them, and murder and assassination have been 
openly encouraged by leading secession journals. 

"As secession has thus been intolerant and over-bear- 
ing while in a minority in East Tennessee, nothing better 
can be expected of the pretended majority than wild, 
unconstitutional and oppressive legislation, an utter con- 
tempt and disregard of law, a determination to force 
every Union man in the State to swear to support the 
constitution he abhors, to yield his money and property to 
aid in a cause he detests, and to become the object of 
scorn and derision as well as the victim of intolerable and 
relentless oppression. 

"In view of these considerations, and [he fact that the 
people of East Tennessee have declared their fidelity ta 
the Union by a majority of about 20,000 votes, therefore 
we do resolve and declare : 

"First, That we do earnestly desire the restoration of 
peace to our whole country, and most especially that our 
own section of the State of Tennessee should not be in- 
volved in civil war." 

This convention further resolved that to avert a con- 
flict with their brethren in other parts of the State that 
certain distinguished members of the body should act as 
commissioners to memorialize the legislature then in ses- 
sion to give its consent that the counties "comprising East 
Tennessee and such counties in Middle Tennessee as de- 
sire to co-operate with them may form and erect a sepa- 
rate State." 

Other resolutions providing for holding a convention 
at Kingston, and that delegates should be elected from 
each of the counties of East Tennessee to carry out the 
resolutions adopted at Greeneville were adopted. On 
the re-assembling of the convention at Greeneville the 


same officers and committees chosen at Knoxville were 
continued in office. William B. Carter, of Carter County, 
and Alexander D. Smith, of Johnson, had the honor of 
representing these two counties on the most important 
committee, that on business, to which all resolutions were 
referred without debate. 

The following are the names of the delegates who at- 
tended the Union Conventions at Knoxville and Greene- 
ville on May 30th and June 17th, 1861 : 

From Carter : S, P. Angel, James L. Bradley, John W. 
Cameron, James P. T. Carter, William B. Carter, Wm. 
J. Crutcher, Jacob B. Emmert, Jacob Hendrixson, 
Thomas M. Hilton, James M. Lewis, William Marsh, 
B. M. G. O'Brien, James Perry, F. S. Singletary, Henry 
Slagle, Levi Slagle, Hamilton C. Smith, John M. Smith, 
Daniel Stover, David Stover, Abram Tipton, Charles P. 
Toncray, Robert Williams "^and Columbus C. Wilcox. 
Abram Tipton and Charles P. Toncray were delegates to 
both conventions. From Johnson County : R. R. Butler, 
Alexander Baker, J. W. M. Grayson, Samuel Howard, 
M. T. Locke, M. D., Rev. Lawson Madron, Hawkins P. 
Murphy, Kemp Murphy, John Murphy, J. Norris, 
Jacob H. Norris, J. F. Norris, Samuel E. Northington, 
Hector C. Northington, Albert G. Shoun, Geo. H. Shoun, 
Frederick Slimp, Alex. D. Smith, David Smithpeters, 
M. D., John H. Vaught, and Rev. Lewis Venable. Of 
these R. R. Butler, J. W. M. Grayson, John H. Vaught 
and Rev. Lewis Venable were delegates to both conven- 

Notwithstanding the election of June 8 for reasons of 
intimidation and military interference as set forth in 
the Greeneville Convention, had been carried for Separa- 
tion by an over-whelming majority in the Middle and 
Western divisions of the State, East Tennessee again 
voted against secession by a majority of more than 20,000 
votes. The vote in Carter County was, for Separation 
86. for No Separation, 1343. In Johnson County: For 
Separation, 1 1 1 ; for No Separation, 787. 

On the 24th of June Governor Harris issued a procla- 


mation dissolving the relations of the State of Tennessee 
with the Federal Government. It will be seen that from 
the 7th of May, the date of the adoption of the Military 
League with the Confederate Government, Tennessee 
had occupied the anomalous position of being a member 
of both the Federal and Confederate Governments. 

In the recent election the Union leaders, though men- 
aced by Confederate troops and subject to the greatest 
dangers boldly denounced the action of the State author- 
ities and advocated the cause of the Union in every county 
in East Tennessee. 

The Union leaders, ignoring the proclamation of Gov- 
ernor Harris, ordered an election to be held on the ist day 
of August, 1 86 1, to elect representatives to the Congress 
of the United States, which resulted in the election of 
Thomas A. R. Nelson from the First District, and Horace 
Maynard and G. W. Bridges for the Second and Third 
Districts in East Tennessee. Elections were also held 
for representatives in the Confederate Congress, in which 
the Union men did not participate. 

Soon after the election of June 8th, and the proclama- 
tion of Governor Harris on June 24th, 1861, severing the 
relations of the State with the Federal Government, the 
State authorities, enraged at the part the Union leaders 
had taken in the elections, and fearing the people would 
rise up in arms against their authority, began their perse- 

Things now began to grow serious with the Unionists. 
Their loyalty to the Federal Government had brought 
down upon them the wrath of the State and Confederate 
authorities. Judge Nelson who had been elected to the 
Federal Congress, in attempting to reach Washington 
was captured and sent to Richmond as a political prisoner, 
but was paroled and released. W. G. Brownlow, who 
had wielded so much influence through the editorials in 
his able and popular paper, and in his speeches before the 
people, was now threatened with indictment for treason. 
In short the time had come when loyalty to the Federal 
Government was treason ; when men were proscribed for 


Opinion's sake, and consternation prevailed among the 
Union people throughout East Tennessee. 

All who had taken a prominent part for the Union 
were compelled to seek safety in hiding, or cross the 
mountains and seek protection with the Federal army, 
now forming in Kentucky. The Arcadian days were 
gone. The hitherto peaceful and happy people of East 
Tennessee who had roamed the hills and valleys free and 
unsuspecting as the mountain deer, now, like that animal, 
were startled by the strange clatter of hurrying horse- 
men, the stern commands of officers, the discharge of fire- 
arms and all the accompaniments of "grim-visaged war." 



Reasons for Loyalty of East Tennessee. — Number of Troops 
in Federal Army. — How It May Have Affected Final Results of 
the War. 

East Tennessee, geographically considered, is situated 
almost in the center of the late rebellious States, with Vir- 
ginia on the North, North Carolina on the East, Georgia 
on the South, and the Middle and Western divisions of 
the State on the West. Occupying as it does a territory 
contiguous to those States that went into the Rebellion 
among the first, and with the greatest unanimity, having 
always been dominated to a great extent by the larger 
and more populous divisions of the State, the question 
arises why it should stand out almost alone in that sec- 
tion of the South in its devotion to the Union. The en- 
tire State had evinced much attachment for the Union, as 
shown by the 68,000 majority against the convention in 
February; but when, from causes heretofore enumerated, 
the State cast its fortunes with the Confederacy through 
the dominating influence of the civil and military author- 
ities, a large majority of the people of East Tennessee ad- 
hered with greater tenacity to the Union cause as dangers 
thickened about them. Many reasons have been assigned 
for the loyalty of East Tennessee to the Federal Govern- 
ment, and it is fair to presume that each of these reasons 
had its influence in that decided stand taken by the Union 
men which no amount of persecution or intimidation 
could modify or change. 

One reason may be found in the fact that the soil and 
climate are not adapted to the growth of cotton, rice and 
tobacco, the great staples of the South, hence slave labor 
could not be employed to the same advantage as in the 


Cotton States. The people, or a large number of them 
were comparatively poor and earned their living by daily 
labor. They were not slow to perceive that slave labor 
must enter into competition with them, lessen their wages 
and their chances of employment, and diminish their op- 
portunity to better their condition either socially or finan- 
cially. They could see that by fighting for slavery they 
were only fastening upon themselves the yoke of poverty, 
and the ban of social ostracism, hence slavery was not a 
question of paramount importance to them, unless it was 
in its abolition. 

Again history seems to bear out the fact that in all 
times those people who inhabit mountainous countries are 
endowed with a lofty spirit of patriotism and loyalty to 
country, and are the first to respond to its call when 
menaced by foreign or domestic foes. Hence arises the 
fact that East Tennessee, and the mountain sections of 
adjoining States, have always furnished more than their 
proportion of volunteers in all the wars in which our 
country has been engaged. So many of the mountaineers 
of East Tennessee had served under the old flag in former 
wars, and listened to the old national melodies until they 
had formed an abiding reverence and love for them which 
they transmitted to their posterity, in story and song, 
leaving with them an inheritance of love for them that 
no blandishments or persecutions could efface. 

We may find another, and possibly the greatest cause 
of their loyalty in the number and ability of the loyal 
leaders, who were men of ability far above those who 
espoused the Confederate cause in East Tennessee. The 
influence of the Knoxville Whig conducted by the famous 
Parson Brownlow was a most important factor in shaping 
public sentiment at that time. His vigorous editorials and 
speeches won for him the admiration of the loyal people 
and brought down upon his head the anathemas, and the 
iron hand of the Confederate military authorities. But 
his great influence and active interest and participation in 
the events of the war and the reconstruction period are too 
well known to require further notice here. However, 

^ 8 


2; CO 





the sublime courage, which in his case meant the total 
absence of fear, the lofty patriotism, that even when in 
feeble health, made a prison cell preferable to the comforts 
of home ; when the price of liberty was silence when the 
liberties of his countrymen were being trampled in the 
dust, or when truculency to a Government he despised 
was the only condition of his freedom, cannot be too 
often held up as an example, nor can the praise and honor 
which such noble sacrifices merit be too often or too 
highly extolled. 

Perhaps, after all, one of the most potent factors in de- 
termining the loyalty of the people of East Tennessee, 
vras their love for the Union and reverence and venera- 
tion for the "Old Flag." "The Union, the Constitution 
and The Enforcement of the Laws" was the rallying cry 
of the Old Whig party as it went down in final and irre- 
trievable defeat under Bell and Everett in the election of 
i860. Though defeated they still clung to the memories 
of their achievements under Webster and Clay, their 
heroes in the political arena, and Harrison and Taylor 
their military heroes. They remembered that it was for 
the whole country their fathers fought and their mothers 
wept, and for its union and integrity that Clay and Web- 
ster poured out their matchless eloquence. The^- remem- 
bered that under the "Starry Banner" our country's his- 
tory had been made glorious. Even those who had been 
swept away by the excitement of the hour and sectional 
prejudice and gave their allegiance to the Southern cause 
turned away from the old flao- with feelings of unfeigned 
sorrow and regret. Doubtless, in the storm of battle, 
when through the parting smoke the old flag with its 
"broad stripes and bright stars" appeared in view across 
the lines, or when the notes of the old national hymns 
were heard above the din, a momentary love for the old 
memories must have come to those who were fighting 
under "the strange flag." 

It has been variously estimated that East Tennessee 
furnished between 30,000 and 40,000 troops to the Fed- 
eral army. The exact number could not be ascertained 


for the reason that before any regular Tennessee organi- 
zations were formed many who went through the Hnes 
volunteered in the first Federal regiments they found 
and served to the end of the war in Northern and West- 
ern regiments. 

It is a fact worthy of note that East Tennessee fur- 
nished more troops to the Federal army than any section 
of the Union in proportion to its population. The male 
population of East Tennessee in i860 between the ages 
of 18 and 45 years was 45.000. Out of this population 
the lowest estimate of troops who joined the Federal 
army places them at 30,000, the exact number put down 
in the statistics of the Government is 31.092, besides a 
large number that joined the Confederate army. This 
large proportion of troops to the population is explained 
to some extent by the fact that many joined the army both 
over and under the legal military age. 

Much speculation has been indulged in regard to the 
probable efifect the loyalty of East Tennessee had upon 
the final issues of the war. Although the North was 
much stronger in numbers and wealth than the South; 
so much so that it was deemed an act of madness and 
folly by many for the Southern people to engage in war 
with a people so much their superior in population and 
wealth ; yet after two years of war the result seemed to 
liang in the balance, and the greatest apprehensions were 
felt that the Government would not be able to suppress 
the Rebellion. The Government securities were depre- 
ciated until gold reached the enormous premium of 300. 
The draft had to be resorted to to obtain troops for the 
army, and open resistance was made to the draft in New 
York, Chicago and elsewhere. As late as 1864 the Demo- 
cratic party of the North nominated General George B. 
McClellan, who had been Commander-in-Chief of the 
Federal army, as a candidate for President of the United 
State on a Peace Platform declaring the war a failure and 
demanding the recognition of the independence of the 
Confederacy and the cessation of hostilities. The deep- 
est gloom hung over the loyal people of the country, and 


the friends of the Government were in despair. The 
Government and friends of the Confederacy were cor- 
respondingly elated and manifested the greatest con- 
fidence in the success of their cause. 

At this point we might well pause to consider what 
might have been the final result if East Tennessee, which 
was, geographically, a part of the Southern Confederacy, 
and which had no doubt been reckoned upon by the lead- 
ers of the Rebellion when estimating the population that 
could be brought to their standard in the event of war, 
had given its adhesion to the Southern cause. If the 30,- 
000 East Tennessee troops that fought for the Union 
could have been transferred to the Southern army, mak- 
ing a difference in the relative strength of the two armies 
of 60,000 men, then add to this difference 10,000 Con- 
federate troops whose services were required to keep the 
Union people of East Tennessee in subjection and guard 
the mountain passes, and we find a difference of 70,000 
men — a vast army — in the eft'ective force of the Confed- 
erate army in the field ! 

We leave this subject to the earnest consideration of 
our readers, content to know that the loyal men of East 
Tennessee sacrificed all for the Union, and are proud of 
the honor of having done a small part in its preservation. 

The proposition that if the 290,000 men who joined the 
Federal army from the Southern and border States had 
joined the Confederate army the South would have 
gained its independence is too self-evident to admit of dis- 
cussion. The proposition that 31,092 of them taken 
from the important strategical grounds of East Tennes- 
see, and transferred to the Southern army, releasing the 
large force required to guard East Tennessee, would have 
had a like result, is at least a debatable one. These ques- 
tions are of importance now only, that if the proposition 
is true, it would be an additional star in the crown of 
honor placed upon the brows of the heroes of East Ten- 
nessee to say that, not only did they "turn the tide of 
battle" at King's Mountain, and their descendants under 
General Jackson "bring back to the Capitol of the Nation, 


with honor and glory, the flag that the entire East had 
let go down in disgrace, with the Capitol in ashes," but 
that at a later date the sons of these heroes stepped into 
line once more, and at a time when the ranks of the army 
of the Union were wavering between victory and defeat, 
gave it victory. We are aware this same claim may be 
justly made by sections of other Southern border States, 
as regards their loyalty and aid to the Union cause in the 
Civil War, but this does not in any way effect the claim of 
East Tennessee. 



Bitter Feelings Aroused Belweeii Unionists and Secessionists. 
Union Men Defiant. — Leaders Threatened. — Ihey j>o North. 
Names oi Local Leaders. — Rebel 'Iroons Brought In. — Names 
of Union Men Reported to Confederate Authorities. — Bitterness 
More Intense. — Militia Called Oiit. — Proclamation Ignored by- 
Union Men. — They Organi.a' for Self- Protection and to .\id tlie 

Enough has been said in former chapters to refresh the 
memory of those hving (hn-ing the period of the Civil 
War, and the younger generation who have read the his- 
tory of these events, concerning the causes of the war and 
its progress so far as it related to East Tennessee up to 
the time the State was voted out of the Union, to give 
them a general idea of the state of affairs at this time. 
It might be well, however, to make a brief recapitulation 
so that the reader may have a clearer conception of the 
events that follow. From the very beginning of the talk 
about secession during the presidential campaign of i860 
and up to the inauguration of President Lincoln, March 
4, 1 86 1, the majority of the people of the State of Ten- 
nessee, including the slave owners, were loyal to the Fed- 
eral Government. This fact was emi)hasized by the elec- 
tion of February, 1861, when the State voted against 
secession by a majority of 68,000. In this election all 
former party lines were ignored ; men voted without any 
thought of party, whether WTiig or Democrat. The sole 
question with all was : "Shall the Union of the States he 
preserved?" At the same time, and from the beginning 
of this discussion. Isham G. Harris, the Governor of the 
State, and those in authority in Nashville were in sym- 
pathy with the South and bending every energy to de- 
strov and change the public sentiment of the people of the 


State. We place on record our candid opinion that if 
Andrew Johnson had been Governor of Tennessee in 
1860-61 — the State would never have seceeded from the 

Now that the State had (at least upon the face of the 
returns) voted for secession, the wrath of the State Ad- 
ministration was turned upon Johnson, Nelson, Brown- 
low, Temple and all those who had fought secession at 
the Knoxville and Greeneville Conventions, and on the 
stump throughout the State. 

The proclamation of Mr. Lincoln calling out troops 
and his well-known anti-slavery sentiments were used by 
the advocates of secession to alarm the slave-holders of 
the State, and many of those who were loyal to the Go'/- 
ernment were driven into secession by this false alarm. 
No sane man now believes that Mr. Lincoln would have 
freed the slaves had not the Southern people gone into 
rebellion. He did it, at last, with much hesitation, be- 
lieving it the only means of preserving the Union. In 
all of Mr. Lincoln's political career, while he had ex- 
pressed his disapproval of human slavery, he did not be- 
lieve in any radical or hasty measures of emancipation. 
He believed in the agitation of the question from a moral 
standpoint and educating the public sentiment to a sense 
of justice that would lead to a gradual and peaceable 
emancipation of the slaves. Had the Southern people 
awaited the action of Mr. Lincoln upon this subject in- 
stead of precipitating the Rebellion and forcing uix)n him 
the necessity of freeing the slaves to save the Govern- 
ment, doubtless African slavery would have still been in 

We have seen that while Governor Harris was using 
every effort in his power to take the State out of the 
Union the loyalists of East Tennessee were equally 
strenuous in their efforts to remain in the Union. Their 
efforts proving unavailing, and yet believing, as their 
delegates declared in the Greeneville Convention, that the 
'military league" entered into with the Southern Con- 
federacy was illegal and wrong, and that the election was 


unfair, and did not reflect the true sentiments of the 
people, their leaders determined to ignore the State and 
Confederate authorities and adhere to their allegiance to 
the Federal Government. This was a hold and most 
hazardous position to assume when we take into consid- 
eration the fact that at this time the State was overrun 
by Confederate troops, and the Unionists could expect 
no aid from the Federal army at least for some time to 

Bitter feelings between those of opposing sentiments 
had been aroused, and crimination and recrimination was 
freely indulged. The Union men were accused of dis- 
loyalty to the South and called "Lincolnites," "Abolition- 
ists" and "Thugs." They in turn accused those in sym- 
pathy with the South of treason and disloyalty to the 
Government, calling them "rebels," "traitors" and other 

After the two conventions had been held, the one at 
Knoxville and the other at Greeneville, and the Union 
leaders had exhausted every expedient available to retain 
the State in the Union, or form a neutral State of East 
Tennessee, seeing that arguments, memorials and resolu- 
tions were of no avail, and believing they had a right to 
their opinions as freemen, and believing the action of the 
State Government fraudulent and illegal, they boldly 
Ignored its authority. Having done this the bitter feel- 
ings of the authorities became more pronounced, and the 
l^nion people began to secretly arm and drill with the 
intention of protecting themselves and rendering such aid 
as was possible to the Union cause, which they believed 
to be right. 

The only hope of the Unionists now was in receiving 
aid from the Federal Government, and their leaders 
turned their attention to imploring aid from that direc- 
tion. The authorities at Washington w^ere asked to send 
assistance to the people who had so nobly stood by the 
Union cause. It was represented to them that an army 
of invasion sent into East Tennessee would be largely 
augmented by loyal volunteers, and that the East Ten- 


nessee and A'irginia railroad, so important to the South 
for transporting troops and materials of war from the 
Southwest to Virginia, which it was now evident was to 
be the great battlefield of the war, could be destroyed, 
and the "backbone" of the Southern Confederacy broken. 

The Confederate authorities were greatly alarmed by 
the situation, and General Zollicoffer, with two regiments 
of Confederate troops, was sent into East Tennessee in 
the latter part of July, 1861, to keep the Union men in 
subjection. Governor Harris was kept constantly ad- 
vised of the situation in all the counties by the local dis- 
unionists, and the names of the prominent I^nion men 
were reported to the military authorities. 

The firm and decided stand taken by the Unionists, 
their bold and outspoken sympathy for the Union cause 
and the defiant attitude they had assumed towards the 
Confederate authorities, while it gave the latter much 
uneasiness, also increased their hatred and A'indictiveness 
towards the Unionists. 

At first those in Johnson and Carter Counties who 
favored the South were so greatly in the minority they 
had little to say at home but kept the authorities fully 
posted regarding every act and movement of the Union- 
ists. E\ery unguarded word and act was duly reported 
by them to headquarters, and this becoming known the 
most bitter feelings were engendered, and threats were 
freely made. Thus the strongest friendships were broken 
and the closest ties of kindred were severed. Fathers, 
and sons, and brothers, became estranged, and joining 
different armies, were arrayed in deadly hostility to each 
other. Confidence was lost and . men knew not whom 
to trust. Suspicion and distrust ruled the hour. Then 
began the exodus to the \orth of the more prominent 
Union leaders, while others remained at home, but were 
compelled to be more guarded in their expressions. 

The prominent Union leaders who had gone North re- 
newed their appeals to the Government at Washington to 
send relief to East Tennessee, and the people were con- 
tinually expecting that the army now forming in Ken- 


tiicky would advance through the Cuniherland Gap to 
their rehef. 

The Union men liad refused to muster or take any 
notice of the proclamation of Governor Harris calHng 
out the miHtia, but on the contrary continued to muster 
and drill for their own protection and with a view tn 
aiding the Federal army that was expected to redeem 
their homes from the authority of the Confederate Gov- 
ernment. Additional Confederate troops were sent into 
this part of the State, and an effort was made to enforce 
the "militia law," bringing about frequent clashes be- 
tween the Union people and Confederate soldiers. 

In the meantime W. G. Brownlow. who had suspended 
the publication of the "Knoxville Whig." found it neces- 
sary to take refuge with an old friend in the mountains 
of Roan County about November ist. 1861. He re- 
ceived a note from the Confederate authorities at Knox- 
ville to return to his home and he would not be molested. 
Relying on the good faith of the authorities he returned 
to his home on December 4th. but was immediately ar- 
re.sted, put in jail and treated with the greatest indignity. 
After remaining in jail for sometime, owing to his \ery 
feeble health, he was allowed to be removed to his home, 
where he was kept under close guard until sent through 
the Federal lines under military escort. Other prominent 
leaders, — Johnson, Nelson, Carter and others from the 
upper counties had gone North previous to this time. But 
there were still left in East Tennessee a large number 
of capable Union men, who. though silenced, were not 

As our history will now be confined largely to the 
transactions in Carter and Johnson Counties we will 
mention only those who were more or less identified with 
the movements in this locality. 

The Union men in Carter and Johnson Counties di- 
rected by such true and faithful local leaders and advisers 
as R. R. Butler. Daniel Stover. Samuel E. Northington, 
Dr. Abram Jobe, Samuel A. Cunningham, Hawkins P. 
Murph}-. John K. Miller. Frederick Slimp, Harrison Hen- 


clrix, Abram Tipton, Joseph H. Wagner, Albert J. Tip- 
ton, John K. Miller, J. W. M. Grayson, Alex. D. Smith, 
Samuel Howard, A. G. Shoun, Dr. David Smithpeters, 
J. H. Vaught, Rev. Lewis Venable, Jas. P. T. Carter, 
James L. Bradle}^ Thos. M. Hilton, Jas. P. Scott, B. M. 
G. O'Brien, J. G. Lewis, Col. J. G. Fellers, John W. 
Cameron, Rev. J. H. Hyder, Hamilton C. Smith, C. P. 
Toncray, Robert Williams, James J. Angel, Hon. John 
W. Hyder, Elijah Simerly, Lawson W, Hampton, Rich- 
ard C. White, William J. Folsom, Nat. T. Williams, S. 
W. Williams, M. M. Wagner, C. C. Wilcox, Landon 
Carter, Kendrick Donnelly, M. L. Cameron, William J. 
Toncray, D. P. Wilcox and many other brave leaders 
and followers were constantly on the alert, and ready at 
any time to seize an opportunity to perform whatever ser- 
vice that would aid the Federal Government or discom- 
fit the Confederates. They were secretly planning and 
ready at any time to strike any blow, however hazardous 
that gave promise of aiding the cause of the Union. 



Bridge Burning. — Official Correspondence in Regard to It. 
The Plans. How Carried Out.— W. B. Carter, Gen. S. P. Carter 
and Gen. Thomas. — Col. Dan. Stover. — Names of Men Who 
Burned the Bridge at Zollicoffer and Particulars of the Brave 

Whatever else may be said about the burning of the 
bridges of the East Tennessee and Virginia Railroad in 
November, 1861, there can be no doubt whatever that the 
plan was conceived by the Rev, William B. Carter, of 
Elizabethton, Tenn., and it was through his influence 
that Mr. Lincoln and the War Department sanctioned it 
and pledged the co-operation of the Government in the 
execution of his plans. We have been informed that Mr. 
Carter, who died at the home of his son, W. E. Carter, 
at Earhart, Sullivan County, Tenn., July 21, 1902, at 
the advanced age of 82 years, felt bound by an obligation 
taken at that time not to divulge the names of those en- 
gaged in the bridge burning, or the particulars of his 
plans, but the facts have been made known by others, so 
that there can be now no need of concealment. There 
was certainly no dishonor attached to it, viewing it from 
the standpoint of loyalty to the Government of the United 
States, but it should be rather a matter of pride to the 
bridge burners themselves and to their descendants that 
they had the courage to engage in so hazardous an enter- 
prise for what they deemed the best interests of their 
country. We think their names should be preserved and 
honored for the heroic deed just as the soldier who 
risks his life in battle for his country deserves the high- 
est honor and praise. 

It was through Mr. Carter's courage and energy that 
the plan was carried out as far as it was, but it was not 
his fault that the War Department failed to carry out its 
part of the compact to send an army into East Tennessee 


to hold the country and protect tlie brave men who risked 
their lives in this hazardous undertaking, and afterwards 
underwent such suffering on account of it. It is evident 
]\fr. Carter would never have risked his own life and en- 
dangered those of his best friends had he not had the 
utmost confidence that the Government would perform 
its part of the contract. In proof that it was the inten- 
tion of the Government to occupy East Tennessee in 
1 861, and that the Union leaders had reason to expect 
aid from that source, we append a copy of a letter ad- 
dressed to General Scott, Lieutenant-General of the 
Army of the Umited States, \Vi-'itten by Hon. Simon 
Cameron, Secretary of War : 

War Department, 
Washington, D. C, June 27th, 1861. 
(General Scott :) 

It being the fixed purpose of the Government to protect all loyal 
citizens in their constitutional rights; and to defend the States 
against domestic violence, invasion, insurrection or rebellion, you 
are hereby directed to send an officer to Tennessee to muster into 
the service of the United States lo.coo men, to receive pay when 
called into active service by this Department. Each regiment formed 
therefrom to be commanded by field and company officers of their 
own selection. 

The Ordnance Bureau will forward to Cincinnati. O., 10,000 
stand of arms and accoutrements, and ample supplies of ammunition 
to be carried thence through Kentucky to East Tennessee by the 
officer designated bv you for mustering the men into service. 

You will also direct an officer to muster into service at the same 
time, in Southeast Kentuckv four regiments to be commanded and 
officered in the same manner as provided for the Tennessee regi- 
ments. All iiie regiments aforesaid will be raised for service in 
East Tennessee and in adjacent counties in East Kentucky; and in 
addition thereto there shall be received and mustered one regiment 
to be raised in Western Tennessee. 

You will send an officer with sufficient command on the Kentucky 
trace to stop all supplies passing on the East Tennessee and Vir- 
ginia Railroad. 

You will authorize the officers designated by you for mustering 
into service as aforesaid to receive into the service of the United 
States such additional loyal citizens (to furnish their own arms) as 
may offer their services on the terms aforesaid. 

The State of Tennessee is added to the Military Di\isi(m of Ken- 
tucky, under Gen. Anderson's command. 
Very Respectfully. 

Your O'bt Servant, 


Indorsement : Secretary of War. 


June 29th. i86r. 


This letter of instruction of Mr. Cameron's affords 
ample proof that it was the intention of the War Depart- 
ment, as early as the date of this letter, June 27, 1861, 
t(. collect a force in Kentucky for the purpose of invading 
East 1>nnessee and destroying the East Tennessee and 
Virginia Railroad so as to interfere with the transporta- 
tion of troops and military supplies into Virginia. The 
Confederate authorities early saw the danger of such a 
movement and began to arrange to counteract it. 

General Sherman about this time made the prediction 
that it would take an army of 200.000 men to take and 
hold East Tennessee, but at that time he was accused of 
ir.sanity ior making such a statement. However, when 
Mr. Carter went to Washington and made known his 
plans to Mr. Lincoln in September, i86r, Mr. Lincoln, 
Mr. Seward and General McClellan at once endorsed 

At this time General George H. Thomas was in com- 
mand of the Federal forces in Kentucky, with headquar- 
ters at Camp Dick Robinson. 

The plans of Mr. Carter were also appro\ed by An- 
(h'ew Johnson, who entered heartily into them and gave 
Mr. Carter his assistance and hearty co-operation. 

After holding a conference with Mr. Lincoln and re- 
ceiving his endorsement and instructions, Mir. Cartler 
came to Kentucky and held a conference with General 
Geo. H. Thomas, receiving instructions to carry out his 
plans for the burning of the bridges according to his 
own judgment. The plans of ]\Ir. Carter were to select 
one or two of the most trusted and daring men in each 
locality where a bridge was to be burned, and these men 
\.ere sworn to keep the secret until the day set for burn- 
ing all the bridges simultaneously. The one or two 
trusted individuals were on that day to notif}- as many of 
the bravest and most discreet men in the vicinity of 
each place where a bridge was to be burned after night- 
fall of that day as was thought to be necessary, and desig- 
nate a leader. These men were to be sworn into the 
military service of the United States by a competent 
officer provided for that purpose. 


With these plans in view, Mr. Carter left Camp Dick 
Robinson on the i8th of October, 1861, accompanied by- 
three army officers detailed to aid him, and began the 
perilous journey into East Tennessee to mature and carry 
out his plans for burning all the bridges of the East Ten- 
nessee and Virginia Railroad from Bristol to Chatta- 
nooga, and the bridge across the Tennessee river at 
Bridgeport. Alabama, with the understanding that Gen- 
eral Thomas' army would move at once to the borders of 
East Tennessee and be ready to dash in and succor the 
bridge burners as soon as they had accomplished the work 
assigned them. 

We introduce here some letters and extracts taken 
from the "Official Records of the Conduct of the War," 
Volume 'jj, covering the period from September 30th, 
1861, to November 7th, 1861, the time during which 
Mr. Carter was maturing his plans and making his prepa- 
rations to burn the bridges. 

These letters will throw much light on the subject of 
the bridge burning and the causes which led to the aban- 
donment of the occupation of East Tennessee by the Fed- 
eral Army. 

They will also reveal the movements of Mr. Carter and 
show with what zeal he entered into his cherished plan of 
securing the occupation of East Tennessee by the Federal 
army and thus relieve the loyal people. 

Headquarters Camp Dick Robinson, 
Sept. 30, 1861. 
Brig.-Gen. W. T. Sherman. 

General: — I have just had a conversation with Mr. W. B. Carter, 
•of Tennessee, on the subject of the destruction of the grand trunk 
railroad through that State. He assures me that he can have it done 
if the Government will intrust him with a small sum of money to 
give confidence to the persons to be employed to do it. It would be 
one of the most important services that could be done for the coun- 
try, and I most earnestly hope you will use your influence with the 
authorities in furtherance of his plans, which he will submit to you 
together with the reasons for doing the work. 
I am, sir, your very obedient servant, 

Brig.-Gen. U. S. Vols., Commanding. 


Oct. 22, 1861. 

Brigauier-Geneuai. Thomas. 

Sir: — I reached here at 2 P. ^I. to-day. I am within si.x miles 
of a company of rebel cavalfy. I find our Union people in this part 
of the State firm and unwavering in their devotion to the Govern- 
ment and anxious to have an opnortunity to assist in saving it. The 
rebels continue to arrest and imprison our people. 

You will please furnish the bearers with as much lead, rifle powder 
and as many caps as they can bring for Scott and Morgan counties. 
You need not lear to trust these people. They will open the war 
for you by routing these small bodies of marauding cavalry. * * * 

I am obliged to send this note unsealed. 
In haste, very respectfully. 
Your obedient servant, 


Near Kingston, Roan Co., Tenn., 
Oct. 2;, 1861. 
Gen. Thomas. 

Sir: — I am now within a few miles of our railroad, but not yet 
had time to obtain all the information I must have before I decide 
on the course best for me to adopt. If I can get half a dozen brave 
men to "take the bull by the horns," we can whip them completely 
and save the railroad. If I cannot get such leaders we will make a 
desperate attempt to destroy all the bridges, and I firmly believe I 
will be successful. 

Inis whole country is in a wretched condition; perfect despotism 
reigns here. The Union men of East Tennessee are longing and 
praying for the hour when they can break their fetters. The loyalty 
of our people increases with the oppressions they have to bear. Men 
and women weep for joy when I merely hint to them the day of 
our deliverance is at hand. I have not seen a secession flag since I 
entered the State. I beg you to hasten to our help, as we are about 
to create a diversion in Gen. McCIellan's favor. It seems to me if 
you would ask it he would spare you at once 5,000 or 10,000 well- 
drilled troops. Will you not ask for more help? 

I know you will excuse a civilian for making suggestions to a 
military man, when you remember that I am risking my life and 
that I am about to ask my people to do the same. I find more 
deficiency in arms in this part of East Tennessee than I expected. 
You must bring some small arms with you. I am satisfied that you 
will have to take the road by Alonticello and Jamestown unless you 
come by Cumberland Gap. I can assure you that whoever is the 
leader of a successful expedition into East Tennessee will receive 
from these people a crown of glory of which any one might well 
be proud, and I know of no one on whom I would more cheerfully 
bestow that crown than on yourself. 

I regret that I can give you no more information, but I will com- 
municate with you as circumstances may require. Perhaps it would 


be well for j'ou to let Gen. McClellan know that I have reached East 
Tennessee, as I know he is very anxious for my success. I write 
in great haste, but believe you may rely on all I have written. 
Very respectfully. 

Your obedient servant, 


Headquarters Crab Orchard, Ky, 
Nov. 5, 1861. 
Brig.-Gen. \V. T. Sherman. 

General: * ••■' =)= * j inclose copies of two communications 
from Mr. William B. Carter, the brother of Lieutenant Carter, of the 
U. S. Navy. If we could possiblv sret the arms and the four regi- 
m.ents of disciplined and reliable men we could seize the railroad 

yet. Cannot Gen. McClellan be induced to send me the regiments? 

:i< -* =:< =:< * * * * 

Very respectfully, your ob'dt servant, 

Brig.-Gen. U. S. V., Commanding. 

Headquarters of the Army, 

Washington. Nov. 7, 1861. 
General : '■'' ''* * * '■'' W'ere the population among which you 
are to operate wholly or general!}' hostile it is probable Nashville 
should be your first and principal objective point. It so happens 
that a large majority of the inhabitants of East Tennessee are in 
favor of the Union. It therefore seems proper that you should 
remain on the defensive on the line from Louisville to Nashville 
while you throw the mass of your forces by rapid marches by Cum- 
berland Gap or Walker's Gap on Knoxville in order to occupy the 
railroad at that point and thus enable the loyal citizens of East 
Tennessee to rise while you at the same time cut off the railroad 
communication between Eastern Virginia and Mississippi. It will 
be prudent to fortify' the pass before leaving it in your rear. 


Crab Orchard, Kv., Nov. 7. 1861. 
Governor Andrew Johnson, 

London, K\-. 
Dear Sir: — "^'our favor of the 6th inst. is at hand. I have done 
all in my power to get troops and transportation and means to ad- 
vance into East Tennessee. I believe General Sherman has done the 
same. Up to this time we have been unsuccessful. * * * * if 
the Tennesseeans are not content and must go, then the risk of dis- 
aster will remain' with them. Some of our troops are not yet clothed 
and it seems impossible to get clothing. 

* * * :ic * * ^ * 

Very Respectfully and truly yours, 

Brig.-Gen. U. S. Vols., Commanding. 

(See page 124.) 

CSee page 271.) 


While this correspondence was going on, as will be 
seen from his own letters, Mr. Carter does not seem to 
have entertained a single doubt that the men who with 
himself had entered into this bold and dangerous scheme 
would be protected. He was probably advised of General 
Thomas' forward move from Camp Dick Robinson, but 
Avhen that officer was ordered back it was then too late 
to notify Mr. Carter in time to stop the bridge burning. 

Mr. Carter matured his plans and assigned men to the 
task of burning each of the bridges indicated, and set the 
tmie for burning them all at the same hour as far as pos- 
sible, on the night of November 8, 1861, — a night now 
memorable in the history of East Tennessee. But as a 
general history of this event has been often written since 
the war, we will confine our story to the burning of the 
bridge across the Holston river at Zollicoffer (now 
Bluff City) which was done by citizens of Carter and 
Johnson Counties sworn into the service of the United 

We are greatly indebted to Capt. S. H. Hendrix, of 
A\'atauga, Tenn., who is a veteran of Col. "J^^n ' Brown- 
low's famous First Tennessee Cavalry, to Dr. Abram 
Jobe, of Elizabethton, and Capt. Dan. Ellis, of Hampton, 
the famous Union pilot and scout, who was one of the 
bridge burners himself, for many facts concerning the 
burning of the bridge across the Holston river, and other 
incidents at this period. 

It has been stated on good authority that there were 
but four men intrusted with the secret of the bridge 
burning at Zollicofifer until within twenty-four hours of 
the time it was burned. These were Daniel Stover, 
Samuel A. Cunningham, Harrison Hendrix and his son, 
S. H. Hendrix. 

In the latter part of October, 1861, a messenger, Capt. 
Thomas Tipton, bearing verbal instructions from Wil- 
liam B. Carter and Andrew Johnson came to the resi- 
dence of Harrison Hendrix at Carter's Depot with in- 
structions from them for Hendrix to conduct him to the 
home of Mr. W. B. Carter at Elizabethton. Hendrix 


sent his young son, S. H. Hendrix, with Capt. Tipton, 
both mounted on horses. Arriving at Taylor's Ford in 
the Watauga river they found the river still very much 
swollen, it being just after the high tide of 1861, but 
with the assistance of a colored man, Wm. Taylor, they 
succeeded in crossing safely and proceeded to Elizabeth- 
ton. Arriving there young Hendrix concealed Captain 
Tipton and the horses in some bushes and under the 
shadow of a tree across the mill race until he went to 
Carter's house. After ascertaining that the coast was 
clear he knocked at the door which was opened by Mrs. 
Evaline Carter, who, after learning his name admitted 
him, when he told her and Mrs. W. B. Carter he had 
brought a messenger from Mr. Carter who wanted an 
interview with them. This created some excitement but 
Capt. Tipton was brought in. Young Hendrix was then 
instructed to go to the home of Daniel Stover and tell 
him a messenger from Mr. Carter and Mr. Johnson 
(Stover's father-in-law) wanted to see him on important 
business. Mr. Stover and Hendrix came at once to the 
Carter residence and there, in the west room Capt. Tipton 
unfolded the plans for the burning of the bridges at Car- 
ter's Depot and ZollicofYer, and commissioned him as 
leader in the undertaking. Col. Stover accepted the dan- 
gerous responsibility. 

Between the time Hendrix and Tipton were at Eliza- 
bethton in the latter part of October, and the night pre- 
ceding the bridge burning Mrs. Elizabeth Carter made 
a trip to Roan county, Tenn., met her husband there and 
returned with full instructions concerning the time and 
plans for burning the two bridges across the Watauga 
and Holston rivers. These instructions were communi- 
cated to Col. Stover and the night of Nov. 8 named as 
the time. He began at once to notify his men, appoint 
a rendezvous and make other necessary arrangements. 
The bridge at Carter's Depot was guarded by 125 Con- 
federate soldiers under Capt. David McClellan, all well 
armed. It would require such a large force of poorly 
armed citizens to overcome this strong guard that after 


consultation with his friends it was deemed wise to use 
strategy instead of force to destroy this bridge. After 
maturing plans for this they were put in the hands of S. 
A. Cunningham, son-in-law of Judge Nelson, and a 
prominent Union man, to execute. S. H. Hendrix, who 
\^as a very young man at this time, was sent to Andrew 
D. Taylor's, who lived one mile west of Carter's Depot, 
on Thursday night preceding the night set for burning 
the bridges to notify Taylor that his father. Harrison 
Hendrix, and Mr. Cunningham wanted to see him on 
important business, and Mr. Taylor, a staunch and loyal 
friend of the Union, who was afterward assassinated, 
went to this conference. Young Hendrix had instruc- 
tions from Col. Stover to remain at Carter's Depot all 
day Friday and watch Capt. McClellan's movements.. 
On the morning of the 8th Geo. W. Emmert, a reliable 
Union man residing in Turkey Town, a neighborhood 
not far from Carter's Depot, was intrusted with the task 
of ascertaining the strength of the guard at the bridge 
across the Holston river at Zollicoffer. That place is 
situated between Carter's Depot and Bristol. Mr. Em- 
mert took the train at the former place the evening be- 
fore the bridge burning and went to Bristol where he 
purposely remained over night and until the train going 
west left, so he could walk back through Zollicoffer and 
make observations. He learned there from Mr. Hazy 
Davis, a reliable Union man. that the bridge was 
guarded by only two men. Stanford Jenkins and Wil- 
liam Jones, rebel soldiers. 

\\'e will relate an incident now that prevented the 
burning of the bridge across the \\'atauga river at Car- 
ter's Depot. Dr. Abram Jobe. who was one of the first 
and ablest friends of the Union in Carter county, was 
one of the very few men of any prominence who opposed 
the burning of the bridges, for although as we have seen 
the greatest efforts had been made to keep everything 
profoundly secret, and succeeded so far as the real plans 
and time were concerned, but rumors and talk about it 
had been common in secret among Union men. 


Dr. Jobe had some experience as a soldier in the In- 
dian War and knew that under military law destroying 
public property or engaging in any way in anything that 
would obstruct military operations in time of war by 
citizens would subject them to capital punishment. He 
also knew the uncertainty of the movements of the army 
and distrusted the ability of the Federal authorities at 
that time to protect the people who might engage in it. 
He was most earnest in his opposition, and contended 
that if the bridges were burned it should be done by the 
military and not by citizens. For this reason when the 
time came Dr. Jobe was not let into the secret. How- 
ever, on the night before, or within the twenty-four hours 
of the time in which the work was accomplished, a friend 
of his, believing it was not right to withhold the secret 
from one so trustworthy, told him what was to be done. 
He immediately set about thf task of trying to have the 
scheme abandoned. On the morning of the 8th he arose 
at daylight and went early to the home of Mrs. Carter,, 
who had just returned from the visit to her husband in 
Roan county. He plead with her to use her influence 
to prevent the burning of the bridges, representing to her 
with all the eloquence and earnestness at his command 
the dreadful calamity that would result, but she told him 
it was now too late, and holding her hand above her 
head in a tragic manner she declared : "The fiat has gone 
forth and the work must be done." 

She told him, however, that Col. Stover was the leader 
ir the matter and it was entirely under his control. Learn- 
ing that Col. Stover would be in Elizabethton that day, 
Dr. Jobe awaited his coming with much impatience until 
about 3 P. M., when he rode into town, alighted from his 
horse and went into the counting room of one of the 
business houses, the Doctor following him, locked the 
door and said to him questioningiy : "Mr. Stover, the 
bridges are to be burned to-night?" Col. Stover ex- 
claimed: "My God, how did you know this?" Dr. Jobe 
replied that this question was not to be discussed now, 
and went on to set forth the danger attending the burn- 


ing the bridges, especially the one at Carter's Depot, 
which was heavily guarded. He portrayed the danger 
attending it in much the same manner he had done to 
Mrs. Carter. Col. Stover listened attentively, then ad- 
mitted the force of the arguments and said to him : "You 
espoused the Union cause before I did, and are as much 
entitled to your opinion in this matter as I am, or even 
as Mr. Lincoln himself. You have taken a great interest 
in the welfare and integrity of the Government, and if you 
wish to save the bridge at Carter's Depot you can do so 
but nothing can dissuade me from attempting to burn the 
bridge across the Holston river whatever may be the con- 
sequences ; but you may go immediately to Carter's De- 
pot and see Mr. Cunningham who has charge of affairs 
there; say to him what you have said to me and tell him 
I ha\e consented for you to have your own way about the 
burning of that bridge, but that I will go with my men 
and burn the bridge across the Holston river." 

Dr. Jobe went at once to Mr. Cunningham and related 
to him what had passed between himself and Col. Stover. 
Mr. Cunningham told him he had promised his negro 
man his freedom to put a torch to the bridge that night, 
and the negro had agreed to do it, but that now the 
bridge should not be burned. 

On the way returning home Dr. Jobe met a number of 
Union men going in the direction of the Depot to assist 
in burning the bridge but on learning it was not to be 
burned they turned their course towards Zollicofifer to 
assist in burning the bridge at that place. 

For the details of the burning of the bridge at Zolli- 
coffer we are largely indebted to Captain Dan Ellis, who 
was present and assisted in the work, and John G. Burch- 
field, also a bridge burner. 

Col. Stover having selected about thirty men from 
among the citizens, the most prudent reliable men that 
could be found in the vicinity of Elizabethton, and 
swore them into the military service at Reuben Miller's 
barn at the head of Indian Creek, for that purpose. These 
men coming from different directions met near Eliza- 


bethton and the nature of the enterprise was explained 
to them by Col. Stover, and they were informed by him 
that in addition to the honor attached to doing so great 
a service for the coimtry they were to be paid by the 
Federal Government. He explained to them also that 
Gen. Thomas with his army was then, as he believed, on 
the borders of East Tennessee, and immediately upon the 
burning of the bridges, so that Confederate troops could 
not be hurried in by rail, the Federal army would advance 
rapidly into East Tennessee, finish the destruction of the 
railroad and protect the bridge burners and all other loyal 

Being provided with turpentine which had been pro- 
cured by Dr. James M. Cameron, and a supply 
of rich pine knots which would easily ignite and set fire 
to the bridge, the company crossed the Watauga river at 
Drake's Ford, one mile east of Elizabethton, proceeded 
through Turkey Town and down Indian Creek, being re- 
cruited along the way by a number of men who joined 
them. Reaching a point about one-half mile south of Zol- 
licoffer the men were halted and dismounted near a woods 
where the horses were concealed and Elijah Simerly, 
Pleasant M. Williams and Benjamin F. Treadway left to 
guard them. 

Col. Stover said to them : "All who are willing to go 
with me to the bridge and assist in burning it, fall in line." 
The following men fell into line : John F. Burrow, John 
G. Burchfield, Gilson O. Collins, Watson Collins, Lan- 
don Carter, M. L. Cameron, Jackson Carriger, James 
T. Davenport, Samuel Davenport, Daniel Ellis, John 
Fondrin, William M. Gourley. Henderson Garland, Wm. 
F. M. Hyder. J. K. Haun, Jacob Hendrixson, Mark 
Hendrixson, Jonas H. Keen, George Maston, B. M. G. 
O'Brien, Berry Pritchard, Henry Slagle, James P. Scott, 
Daniel Stover, the leader, and James Williams. It is 
alleged that only twenty-three men went to the bridge, 
while three others, Simerly, Treadway and Williams did 
the part assigned them — guarding the horses. The list 
who fell into line is as nearly correct as we have been able 


to get it. It is said that two or three names that appear 
above did not go all the way to the bridge while it is said 
by others they did. 

Col. Stover and G. O. Collins had masks over their 
faces which had been prepared by Mrs. Lizzie Carter. 
The other men were not disguised in any way. When the 
men signified their willingness to go G. O. Collins gave 
the command in an undertone to move towards the bridge 
which they did, moving quickly and in good order. Ar- 
riving at the south end of the bridge they did not find 
any guard at first. They formed the men, part of them 
h cing up the river, and others down the river, while six 
or eight of them went hastily through the bridge nearly 
to the north end of it. The two guards, Stanford Jenk- 
ins and William Jones, rebel soldiers, were under the 
bridge, the former at the south end and the latter at the 
north end. Hearing the men, Jones ran and John F. 
Burrow raised his gun to shoot him, but was ordered 
not to fire. As the party returned from the north end of 
the bridge Jenkins came up from under the bridge and 
recognizing G. O. Collins, spoke to him and said : "Ollie, 
here's my gun, don't kill me." G. O. Collins, M. L. 
Cameron and J. ]\J. Emmert then hastily placing the pine 
and pouring the turpentine on the bridge applied 
matches to it and it was soon in flames. They hastened 
back to their horses, taking Jenkins with them. Unfor- 
tunately he had recognized Collins, Keen, Carter, and 

The company mounted their horses and proceeded 
some distance on their return when they halted to consult 
as to what disposition they would make of their prisoner. 
Feeling sure that Jenkins had recognized Keen (who had 
once employed him), Collins, and perhaps others, and 
that if released he would probably report their names to 
the Confederate authorities, the situation became very 
serious. In discussing what should be done with Jenkins, 
W^atson Collins and others advocated shooting him. They 
said that if he reported them their lives would pay the 
penalty, and that in time of war no man could be trusted, 


that "only dead men tell no tales," and that their only- 
safety was in silencing him forever; but through the in- 
tercession of Mr. Keen, who was very kind hearted, and 
shrank from blood-shed, and the appeals of Jenkins him- 
self, who made the most solemn promises that he would 
not betray them, they swore him to secrecy and turned 
him loose. The party then made a hasty retreat, separat- 
ing and returning to their homes as if nothing unusual 
had happened. 


The Union men had been, for many days, looking for 
and expecting Gen. George H. Thomas to advance with 
his forces into East Tennessee, by way of Cumberland 
Gap. Capt. J. I. R. Boyd having returned, during the 
month of September, from Louisville, Ky., with instruc- 
tions to organize the Union men and have them ready 
for the service when Gen. Thomas should appear. 

The order for raising and organizing the loyal men in 
East Tennessee to destroy the railroad bridges had been 
given by General McClellan sometime in August, 1861. 
Rev. W. B. Carter was the agent of the War Depart- 
ment to execute the order. General Thomas gave his 
order for a detail of three commissioned officers, Capt. 
David Fry. of Greene county, Capt. Thomas Tipton, of 
(Blountville.) Sullivan Co., and Lieutenant Myers, of 
Blount county, to go with Mr. Carter to East Tennessee 
where the bridges were to be burned on the 8th of No- 
vember. 1 86 1. 

All the bridges were attacked and many burned. The 
bridge at Zollicoffer, between Bristol and Carter's Depot 
v/as burned by the men from Carter county, under the 
leadership of Colonel Daniel Stover. Jonas H. Keen, 
William Gourley. W. F. M. Hyder, John Burrows, 
Benjamin F. Treadway. G. O. Collins, Lafayette 
Cameron. J. P. Scott, P. M. Williams, James 
Williams. Samuel Davenport. Watson Collins, 
Berry Pritchard. J. G. Burchfield. Landon Carter, 
George Moody, George Maston and Jacob Hendrixson. 


Others among- whom were C. C. Wilcox, J. P. Wilson, 
John K. Miller and Morgan Treadway, were detailed for 
the purpose of bringing in the Union men from the moun- 
tains to be in readiness to defend the bridge burners. 

By noon on the gth, there were assembled at Eliza- 
bethton fully one thousand men, armed with all kinds of 
weapons. It was a fine body of men, and would have 
put up a strong fight if it had been under well-disciplined 
officers. But here the men were, without any kind of 
officers. About 3 P. M. they marched to Taylor's Ford. 
All looked to N. G. Taylor to take command. He rather 
deferred to Col. Dan Stover, and he, although without 
any knowledge of military matters, was selected for Col- 
onel and called a conference of the leading men. They 
met in the residence of N. G. Taylor. Capt. Wm. Gourley 
suggested that the best armed men be placed under some 
■one and sent down to capture the Confederate company 
at Carter's Depot. 

Capt. Boyd and his associates had done their work 
Avell, and by the first day of Xovember. 1861, the Union 
men of Washington. Carter and Johnson counties were 
well organized and ready for serious business. 

On November 7th. late in the evening, there were gath- 
ered at the store of Lafayette Cameron, in Elizabethton, 
a few of the leading men from Carter county. 

I remember that some boys who were playing near the 
corner, broke up in a boys' fight, and I walked around to 
the store and went in. I was told by Landon Carter to 
■gtt out. I saw in the room, William M. Gourley, 
Pleasant M. Williams, John Burrow and a young man, 
Berry Pritchard, who was captured and shot by the rebels 
c- few^ weeks later. I also saw the late Major C. 
C. Wilcox, J. P. Scott, Ollie, and Watson Collins and 
John Helton. There were others, but I do not recall 
their names. The next night, William M. Gourley 
came to the blacksmith-shop of J. J. Edens and told me 
that he wanted the mare, and would be around about 10 
o'clock, for her. He ate supper with us. and I went to 
bed early. I was out by half past nine o'clock and had 


been down to Mrs. J. P. Tipton's, and secured a horse 
and was ready for whatever might come. I only waited 
a few minutes when W. F. M. Hyder rode up, with 
some seven, or eight men, and waited for Capt. Gourley, 
who soon came down by the saw-mill and rode to the 
head of the little squad, and said : "Boys, we have a 
dangerous job on hands to-night. It will be death to 
any of us should we be captured. The others have 
gone by Drake's Ford ; we will meet them at the Nar- 

Then we crossed the Watauga river and quietly rode 
through the darkness until we reached Mr. Miller's^ 
place. Landon Carter and J. P. Scott came to us 
and we rode rapidly from this place until we reached 
a farm house on the hill, south of Union. Some of the 
men stopped and got bundles of straw. W'hile we were 
standing here in the road, a man, on foot, came 
out of the house and spoke to Jonas H. Keen in low, 
earnest tones. Keen and Gourley rode forward, and then 
G. O. Collins came up and ordered all forward. 

We all rode to the station, dismounted, and rushed to 
the bridge. It would be impossible to describe the haste 
with which each man did his part. A guard was captured 
at the bridge, and in five minutes from the time we 
reached it, the flames were driven from the south end to 
the north end of the bridge. All re-mounted and returned 
by the way we came. At the head of the Narrows, Gour- 
ley, Hyder and Williams, and a few others, left the main 
force, under Col. Stover, and reached J. J. Eden's place 
about 4 130 in the morning. 

I slept until awakened by jNIrs. Edens. I did not speak 
to any one of what had been done, for the reason that I 
felt that death would be visited upon any of the men w^ho 
participated in that night's fearful work. Mr. Gourley 
and I went down to the shop and started a fire in the 
forge. J. J. Edens came in, and said : "What is the 
trouble? Do you know that the bridge at Zollicoffer has 
been burned?" 


By noon I was in Elizabethton, with a gun in my 
hands, and was drilHng a squad of the boys of my own 
age. D. P. Wilcox came to us and asked us if we wanted 
to enHst. I said we were already in the army. That 
evening we elected him Captain of the Town Company, 
and he led us down to Taylor's Ford, where we received 
our "Baptism" for the Union, under the fire of rebel lead, 
and from there to Clark's Spring and then to Elizabeth- 
ton, and finally to "Hyder's Old Field" in the Doe river 
cove where the "army" disbanded. 

We will place on record here that this man Jenkins 
whose life had been spared by these men upon his solemn 
promises and obligation not to betray them, and through 
the intercession of Keen, who had been his friend and 
neighbor, who had once employed him, and believed he 
could not be so destitute of honor and all the instincts of 
humanity as to betray him, upon being released, he im- 
mediately reported the names of Keen, and others of the 
party, whom he recognized, under oath, to the Confeder- 
ate authorities ! But these men, and indeed every loyal 
citizen was yet to learn that honor, truth and integrity, 
those great virtues that should exist in every human 
heart, and some of which are said to exist even among 
thieves, found no abiding place in the breast of this man, 
and the same was true of many others of the enemies 
and oppressors of the Unionists of Carter and Johnson 

On the morning after the burning of the bridges, as the 
news spread, the greatest excitement and consternation- 
prevailed among the rebel sympathizers, and great alarm 
was felt by the Unionists lest the wrath of the Confeder- 
ates would be visited upon them, regardless of their guilt 
or innocence in connection with the bridge burning. But 
the leaders were yet confident that they would be relieved 
and protected by the advent of the Federal army. 


, S. H. Hendrix, of Carter's Depot (now Watauga), 
then a very young man, but who, as we have seen, was an 
Active and useful participant in carrying out the plans 
for burning the bridges was the first man arrested on the 
rrorning after the bridge was burned, and the first one 
to convey the news to Keen and others that Jenkins had 
betrayed them. In a letter written by Capt. Hendrix in 
reply to a request from us to furnish such information 
as he might be in possession of regarding the bridge 
burning we take the liberty to quote the following : 

"On Saturday morning when the excitement was at 
its highest I was arrested and carried to the headquarters 
of Capt. McClellan and ordered placed in the guard house 
with six guards over me. I was the first man arrested 
for bridge burning, but proved such a conclusive alibi by 
Mr. and Mrs. A. M. Brown (my uncle and aunt) and 
Miss Bettie Bishop, daughter of James Bishop, that I was 
sent home under guard, and under promise to remain in- 
side the Confederate lines and report to headquarters 
twice a day. Through my anxiety to get with the Union 
forces so as to inform Lafayette Cameron, Jonas H. 
K.^en and Landon Carter that they had been betrayed and 
reported by Jenkins and were in great danger, I made 
my escape on Mondav and went up the river through the 
pines and brush to the bend of the river below Buck's 
Rock (now Watauga Point), crossed the river at what 
was then called the "Devil's Stairs," and made my way 
tc Elizabethton and told Cameron, Carter and Keen what 
I had learned while a prisoner at Carter's Depot." 

But few of the "Bridge Burners" are now living. Of 
those living (1902) now all but a very few, perhaps two 
or three, joined the Federal army and were pensioned by 
the Federal Government as soldiers. Pleasant M. W^il- 
lianis, of Gap Creek, Carter county, is still living. There 
has never been a braver, truer or more patriotic citizen 
than Mr. Williams, and his old age should have been 
made happy, long ago. by a liberal pension from the Gov- 

John F. Burrow, Esq., is also still living and should 


long ago have been placed on the pension rolls. He was 
a brave and loyal Union man and took his life in his 
hands to do a great service for his country. 

A few years ago a bill was introduced in Congress to- 
pension these few remaining heroes by Hon. W. C. An- 
derson, and it was favorably reported by the committee 
but has never become a law. 

In 1898 John F. Burrow requested Capt. S. W. Scott 
to have the matter brought before the encampment of the 
G. A. R., Department of Tennessee, which was held in 
Knoxville on February 22 of that year. Capt. Scott 
wrote to Capt. S. P. Angel, a resident of Knoxville, on 
the subject, and the latter introduced a resolution in the 
encampment which was favorably acted on but we re- 
gret to say that as yet Congress has not acted favorably 
on the bill. 

We append a copy of the bill introduced into Congress 
giving the names of the bridge burners and the action of 
the Grand Army encampment thereon : 

Resolution No. 6, submitted by S. P. .•Kngel. 

Resolved. That this Encampment endorse the bill No. 5298, now 
pending before Congress, granting pensions to certain East Tennes- 
seeans named in the bill, and that we hereby respectfully request our 
Senators and Representatives in Congress to vote in favor of the 
passage of said bii!. 


Report No. 2776. 


Feoruary 3, 1897. — Committed to the Committee of the Whole House 
and ordered to be printed. Mr. Anderson, from the Committee 
on Invalid Pensions, submitted the following report. 

The Committee on Invalid Pensions, to whom was referred the bill 
(H. R. 5298) granting a pension to certain East Tennesseeans en- 
gaged in the secret service of the United States during the War of 
the Rebellion, having carefully considered the same, respectfully 
report : 

Pleasant M. Williams, John F. Burrow, Benjamin F. Treadway, 
Samuel Davenport, John G. Burchfield, George Maston, Gilson O. 
Collins, Landon Carter, Jeremiah M. Miller, J. K. Haun, and Elijah 


Simerley were residents of East Tennessee at the breaking out of the 
War of the RebeUion in 1861, and most of them possessed of valuable 
property, and were loyal to the Union cause. 

Those named were, on November 8. 1861, enlisted and were sworn 
into a company in the secret service of the United States, known 
as the "East Tennessee Bridee Burners," by Capt. Thomas Tipton, 
together with Capt. Daniel tillis, Jacob Hendrickson, M. L. Cameron, 
Jonas H. Keen. J. D. Carriger, Watson Collins, Henry Slagle. Mark 
Hendrickson, Berry Pritchard, W. F. M. Hyder, William Gourley, 
James T. Davenport, James P. Scott, Henderson Garland, B. M. G. 
U Brien, John Fondrin and James Williams, and under the command 
of Capt. Daniel Stover, on the night of November 8 1861, surprised 
the guards and burned the bridge across the Holston River on the 
East Tennessee, Virginia and Georgia Railroad. 

The authority for the organization of the East Tennessee Bridge 
Burners came through Gen. George H. Thomas, then commanding 
the Union forces in that localitv. through authority obtained from 
Gen. George B. McClellan, commanding the Arm- of the Potomac, 
and was approved by the President of the United States. 

Those enlisted for the enterprise were carefully selected because 
of their known loyaltv and they were charged with ttie destruction 
of the bridges on the East Tennessee, Virginia and Georgia Railroad, 
preparatory to the contemplated movement of Gen. Thomas' forces 
upon Knoxville, Tenn., in November, 1861. The undertaking was 
a most perilous one, everyone engaged in the same being fully cogni- 
zant of the result which would surely follow a caoture bv the enemv, 
and it was entered into only upon the promise made by Gen. Thomas 
that his occupation of East Tennessee would immediately follow 
upon the destruction of the said bridges, which would afford pro- 
tection to those engaged in tne hazardous work, and even then it 
was difficult to induce a sufficient number of the citizens of that 
region to engage in the execution of the dangerous enterprise. 

On the night of November 8, 1861, the bridere across Holston 
River and that over Lick Creek were destroyed ; but Gen. Thomas 
did not come, as was expected, he having proceeded, according to 
his promise, only a short distance when he was recalled by General 
Sherman, who commanded the department, for the supposedly more 
important work. 

Thus were tne Bridge Burners left to their own fate. Many of 
them were recognized by the bridge guards, and flight and seclusion 
became imperative to escape death. They attempted to escape into 
Kentucky and join the Union forces there, but after several futile 
attempts abandoned this course as impracticable, and the company 
v/as disbanded and each left to shift for himself. Some of them 
were captured and hung or shot ; others sought refuge in the moun- 
tains and endeavored to conceal themselves, suffering much ex- 
posure and hardship, hunger, cold, and rain. Some made their way, 
after overcoming many obstacles, and joined and enlisted in the 
Union armies ; others, among whom was Pleasant M. Williams, were 
captured and imprisoned in rebel prisons, and were confined and 
starved until the bones of back, hips, and arms protruded through 
the skin after the flesh had been absorbed by the wasting bodies. 

Nearly all of those named in the bill — all but two or three, as your 
committee is informed — are now borne upon the pension roll by 


reason of subsequent enlistment and service in other organizations, 
but your committee believe that there should l)e a public recognition 
of the service of these men, who. according to the war records of 
the Rebellion, spread consternation and dismay among the secession- 
ists of East Tennessee and among the officers of the Confederate 
Government, who appealed for more troops to guard the railroads 
and prevent disruption of communication between the troops in 
Virginia and those m the cotton States co-operating with them. 
These men were heroes, and ttieir names should be emblazoned on 
a roll of honor. 

Your committee therefore reconnnend the passage of the bill. 

The report of the committee was concurred in. 



Carter Count}' Rebellion. — Organized to Protect Bridge 
Burners and Union Leaders. — Organized at Col. N. G. Tay- 
lor's Residence. — Names of Officers. — Fight at Taylor's 
Ford. — The Unionists Victorious. — Amusing Incidents. — 
"Army" Falls Back to Clark's Springs, Where Col. John 
Sevier's Men Took Their "Mid-day Lunch" on Their Way to 
King's Mountain, September 26, 1780. — Army at Elizabeth- 
ton. — At Doe River Cove. — How it Was Fed. — Dispersed by 

The little band of men having carried out the plans of 
Mr. Carter as far as it could be done by burning the 
bridge at Zollicoffer and other places along the East 
Tennessee and Virginia railroad, now expected that the 
Government would faithfully carry out its part of the 
contract which had been made with their leaders and 
sanctioned by the President himself as well as the highest 
officials of the Federal Government. These men, through 
motives of patriotism and love for the Union and a de- 
sire for its preservation, performed, to the best of their 
ability, their part of the compact and rendered to their 
country a signal service, and dealt a severe blow to those 
who were trying to destroy the Government. They could 
not believe for a moment that the army under Gen. 
Thomas would not now advance immediately into East 
Tennessee, take possession of the railroad and hold the 

It did not occur to them that all these plans would be 
changed and more than two long years would pass before 
East Tennessee would be finally delivered from the do- 
minion of the Southern Confederacy; and that many of 
those who had engaged in bridge burning would never 
again see their country's flag wave over their loved land, 
while others, after suffering much danger and persecu- 
tion, would join the Federal army and aid in driving the 
last foe from the soil of East Tennessee. 

(Sec page 274.) 

(See page 273.) 


On the 9th of November, the day following the burning 
of the bridge across the Holston river, great excitement 
prevailed. The news spread far and near that "Sher- 
man's Army" was advancing into East Tennessee, and 
hundreds of Union men from all parts of Carter, Johnson, 
Washington and Greene counties, and from Western 
North Carolina, armed with pistols, shot-guns and old 
squirrel rifles, flocked into Elizabethton on their way "to 
meet the army." 

By noon there were not less than looo Union men in 
Elizabethton, and before night the number exceeded 1500. 
These men felt that it was necessary to remain together 
for protection from the company of Confederate soldiers 
stationed at Carter's Depot under Capt. David McClel- 
lan, who had already commenced arresting Union men as 
suspected bridge burners. The excited crowd of Union 
men at Elizabethton learning of these arrests determined 
to go to Carter's Depot and capture McClellan and his 
company of rebel soldiers. Some of these men on leav- 
ing home had gathered up such old pistols, rifles, knives 
and shot-guns as they had and brought them along, but 
fully one-half of them were without any arms whatever. 
At Elizabethton they procured all the butcher knives, 
pitch-forks and everything that bore the least resemblance 
to arms of offense or defense, and about 3 P. M. started 
down the Watauga river in the direction of Carter's 

They were really an unorganized mob w-ithout leaders, 
discipline or any knowledge of what war meant, and yet, 
impelled by passion and hatred of the Southern cause and 
love for the Union they marched on to offer battle to Capt. 
McClellan's company, which, though numbering only 125 
m.en, was well armed, drilled and disciplined. Men better 
acquainted with military affairs knew that men, however 
brave and numerous, cannot contend successfully with 
even a small body of well trained troops. 

This crowd moved on down the river, crossed Taylor's 
Ford, and went on in the direction of Carter's Depot. 
They came in sight of McClellan's pickets, near the old 
"Turkey Town Camp Ground." 


At this point Dr. Jobe, Col. Stover and others, who 
had some little experience in military affairs, induced 
them to halt and hold a parley, which resulted in some 
kind of organization, agreeing upon Col. Stover as com- 
mander. They then returned to the south side of the 
Watauga river and went into camp with headquarters in 
Col. N. G. Taylor's large barn, which stood a short dis- 
tance from the banks of the Watauga river. They man- 
aged to get something to eat and putting out pickets in 
every direction the tired and motley crowd, after the day 
of excitement, went into the barn and sheds and such 
other places as they could find and laid down to rest. 
About midnight they were fired upon from across the 
river. Many, being unused to war's alarms, and their 
courage leaving them when fired upon in the darkness, 
fled across the fields, while others stood their ground 
bravely and saluted the rebels with a sharp fire from their 
shot-guns and squirrel rifles. This fight was kept up 
sharply for a short time, the balls of the enemy whizzing 
through the air at a lively rate and the Union men, un- 
dismayed, returning the fire. Finding it too hot for 
him Capt. McCIellan withdrew but was not followed by 
the Unionists. McCIellan had a few men and horses 
wounded but there were no casualties on the Union side. 
The next morning a number of the Union men found bul- 
let holes through their hats and clothing showing they 
had received "close calls" the night before. Those who 
ran the night before returned the next morning, verify- 
ing the old adage "that he who fights and runs away will 
live to fight another day." 

This incident was known as "The Fight at Taylor's 
Ford" and many amusing and ludicrous stories, personal 
and otherwise, were told concerning it. We hope to 
gather these up, together with sketches of the leaders and 
many of the participants in this memorable little affair, 
which we will relate in another chapter. 

On the morning of the loth the "command" moved 
out to "Clark's Big Spring" on Gap Creek, where they 
remained over night. At this same place Col. John Se- 


vier's command, which left Sycamore Shoals on the 
Watauga river on the 26th of September, 1780, on their 
way to King's Mountain, stopped for their mid-day 
lunch. On the morning of the nth they moved back to 
Elizabethton and went into camp in the "Sugar Hollow," 
a short distance west of town. Here was a collection of 
1500 men, many of them had brought their horses with 
them from home and all had to be fed. There was no 
means of subsistance except such as could be furnished 
by the people in the vicinity, many of whom were too 
poor to furnish anything, however willing they might be. 
Those who were able freely opened their doors to them 
without complaint, and did everything in their power to 
entertain those who were engaged in what they called 
"The Little Rebellion against The Big Rebellion." Many 
of the citizens gave up their keys to their smoke houses 
and cribs to John K. Miller, w^io was acting quarter- 
master and commissary of this organization. 

On the 1 2th of November, three days after the bridge 
was burned, Elijah Simerly, who had been sherifif of the 
county and was a prominent Union man and an officer in 
this organization, was sent down the country to see if 
any tidings could be learned of Sherman's army, which 
was still daily expected. Mr. Simerly returned, but 
brought no encouraging news, as nothing could be heard 
regarding the advance of the Federal army. 

In the meantime the most exaggerated reports were 
sent to the Confederate authorities concerning the move- 
ments of the Unionists by the rebel citizens, many of 
whom were greatly alarmed and left their homes. In ad- 
dition to the Confederate troops already in East Tennes- 
see Gen. Leadbetter was sent there with 10,000 troops to 
repair the bridges, guard the railroads, disperse the Union 
men and mete out punishment to those engaged in the 
bridge burning, and the rebellion, or who in any way 
sympathized with or aided the Union cause. 

Gen. Thomas, who had left Camp Dick Robinson, Ky., 
with his army, had moved as far as London, 55 miles 
distant from the former place, where he received orders 


from Gen. Sherman to return, thus leaving the bridge 
burners, those who had engaged in the rebelHon and in 
fact all the Union people, to the mercy of the Confeder- 
ate authorities, who were now bitterly hostile to them. 

On the 14th of November, Col. Stover despairing of 
aid and learning of the proposed advance of Leadbetter, 
moved up farther towards the mountains and encamped 
at a place near the residence of Hon. John W. Hyder in 
the Doe River Cove (now Hampton) on the main road 
leading from Johnson City to Taylorsville (now Moun- 
tain City). Here the men were furnished with provis- 
sions, beef cattle, sheep, flour and cornmeal and feed for 
the horses by the farmers residing in the neighborhood. 
They remained there until the i6th of November, Con- 
stant rumors of the enemy had been circulated through 
the camp and they were expected at any time. Gen Lead- 
better had arrived at Johnson City on the 15th with a 
large Confederate force and two mountain howitzers 
and moved out on the Taylorsville road towards the Un- 
ion camp. 

We will insert here a graphic account of the breaking 
up of the army of the "Little Rebellion," furnished by 
one who participated in it, Capt. S. H. Hendrix, and 
whose experience will illustrate that of many others. 

Captain Hendrix says : 'T followed the command to 
Hyder's Old Field above the Doe River Cove and re- 
mained with it until Saturday evening, November 16. I 
was out on the pike beyond Douglas' at Mr. Lyon's — 
had gone there to get some sleep, as I had not slept any 
of consequence since Wednesday night preceding the 
bridge burning on the 8th — had been up more or less 
every night and some times all night. I was at Lyon's 
house when Leadbetter's advance fired on our pickets only 
a few rods away. Then I lost my sleepy spell and started 
for camp. Brownlow Fair and William M. Gourley, and 
I think Andrew C Fondrin, were the pickets fired on. I 
ran back north of Douglas' in the gap and found Gour- 
ley, Fondrin, Fair, Daniel Ellis and James I. R. Boyd 
with a small force formed in line across the road. We 


remained there until nearly dark when we began to get 
weak and scared; and finally all left on a run for Doe 
River Cove, or rather for Aunt Sallie Lacey's. From 
there I left for Johnson county and stayed all night at 
Sophia Jackson's, up the Laurel Fork creek. 

"Miss Jane Campbell gave me a loaf of bread as I 
passed her father's house, which I ate with the beef I 
found in our abandoned camp as I passed through it." 

Col. Stover and his officers, realizing the hopelessness 
of resisting the large body of trained and well armed 
rebel troops with men who had no experience in war and 
no effective arms, and having entirely despaired of re- 
ceiving Federal aid, disbanded the army, each man to take 
care of himself as best he could. Some fled to the moun- 
tains, some to Kentucky, while others returned to their 
homes, hoping to receive some clemency from the Con- 
federate authorities. Most of these were doomed to dis- 
appointment as they were sent to prison, there to endure 
all kinds of curses and abuse, and many to suffer death. 

Such was the fiasco known as "The Carter County Re- 
bellion," which resulted in such distress and suffering to 
the people, which we will attempt to describe in another 

But allow us to anticipate so far as to say that at a 
later day many of the very men w'ho "skedadled" at Tay- 
lor's Ford, and who fled from Leadbetter's veterans at 
Doe River Cove, lived "to fight another day," and re- 
turned to drive their persecutors from their native 
heath, and enjoy again the smiles of fortune and the 
blessings of peace under their own vine and fig tree, and 
beneath the folds of the dear old flag they loved so well. 

Officers in the Carter County Rebellion. 

We have mentioned many of the officers who took part 
in the "Little Rebellion." here and there in this history, 
but we have no "records" to refer to ascertain the rank of 
each one. We give below the names and rank of a num- 
ber of them as well as w^e have been able to learn them. 

Daniel Stover, Colonel. Carter county force. 

J. H. Wagner, Colonel. Johnson county force. 


J. W. M. Grayson, Captain, Johnson county company. 

John K. Miller, Quarter Master and Commissary. 

Elijah Simerly, Major, Carter county force. 

John Helton, Jr., Captain of Horsemen or Cavalry. 

The following were captains of squads or companies 
from different parts of Carter and Johnson counties : 

Jas. I. R. Boyd, W. M. Gourley, Landon Carter, David 
N. Morton, David Stout, Williams Cass, D. P. Wilcox, 
C. C. Wilcox. 

Lieutenants : B. B. Ferguson, D. B. Jenkins, William 
Jenkins, Henry C. Pierce. 

We will close this chapter with some extracts from 
letters written by Gen. S. P. Carter immediately after 
the bridge burning, showing his great sympathy and 
anxiety for the Union people, and how eloquently he 
pleaded for their relief; and a letter from Gen. George 
B. McClellan, . commanding the U. S. army to Gen. 
Buell, in which he pays the highest tribute to the loyal 
people of East Tennessee and asks that mere military 
advantage be sacrificed to the nobler sentiments of jus- 
tice and humanity that demanded that assistance should 
be sent to these brave and loyal people. 

Headqu.\rtes East Tennessee Brigade, 
Camp Calvert, Nov. 16, 1861. 
Brig.-Gen. George H. Thomas, 

Commanding, &c.. Crab Orchard, Ky. 

General: — My brother. William, has just arrived from East Ten- 
nessee and the news he brings I think of so much importance that 
I will dispatch a special messenger to convey it to you. My brother 
left Roan county, near Kingston, on Monday night last. He re- 
ports that on Friday night, 8th inst., of last week, he succeeded in 
having burned at least six and perhaps eight bridges, viz: Union 
bridge, in Sullivan county, near the Virginia line; Lick Creek 
bridge, in Greene county. Strawberry Plains, in Jefferson county, 
fifteen miles east of Knoxville, and on the East Tennessee and 
Georgia Railroad; two bridges of the Chickamauga between Cleve- 
land and Chattanooga, and between Chattanooga and Dalton, Ga- 
These bridges are certainly destroyed. The Long Island bridge at 
Bridgeport, Ala., across the Tennessee River, and a bridge be- 
low Dalton on the Western Atlantic Railroad, are probably des- 

The consternation among the secessionists of East Tennessee is 
very great. The Union men are waiting with longing and anxiety 
for the appearance of Federal forces on the Cumberland Moun- 


tain, and are all ready to rise up in defense of the Federal Gov- 
ernment. My brother states that he has it from reliable sources 
that the rebels have but 15,000 men at Bowling Green, many of 
them badly armed and poorly organized. The other 15,000 men 
are distributed at two other points in Southwestern Kentucky. 

General, if it be possible, do urge the Commanding General to 
give us some additional force and let us advance into East Ten- 
nessee; now is the time. And such a people as are those who 
live in East Tennessee deserve and should be relieved and pro- 
tected. You know the importance of this move and will, I hope, 
use all your influence to efifect it. Our men will go forward with 
a shout to relieve their native land. ****** 

With much respect, I am, dear General, yours very truly, , 

Act'g Brig.-Gen. Com'd'g East Tennessee Brigade. 

Camp Calvert, East Tennessee, Nov. 20, 1861. 
Gen. George H. Thomas, 

Commanding, &c., Crab Orchard, Ky. 
General: — * * * * Recruits are arriving almost daily from 
East Tennessee. We have no arms to put in their hands.. The 
Union men coming to us represent the people in East Tennessee 
as waiting with the utmost anxiety the arrival of the Federal 
forces. They are all ready to join them and do their part toward 
the deliverance of their native land. Union camps are already 
forming in some of the counties, and unless help soon reaches 
them, as they have little ammunition, they will be scattered or 
destroyed. * * * * 

With the hope of soon seeing you here, respectfully, 

Your obedient servant, 

Brig.-Gen. Commanding. 

Headquarters East Tennessee Brigade, 
Camp Calvert, Nov. 24, 1861. 
Brig.-Gen. Geo. H. Thomas, 

Com'd'g, Danville, Ky. 
General: — * * * We have arrivals every day from East Ten- 
nessee. The condition Of aflfairs there is sad beyond descrip- 
tion and if the loyal people who love and cling to the Government 
are not soon relieved they are lost. * * * * 

Respectfully your obedient servant, 

Acting Brig.-Gen. Com'd'g. 

Headquarters East Tennessee Brigade, 
Camp Calvert, Nov. 25, 1861. 
Beig.-Gen. Geo. H. Thomas, 

Commanding, &c., Danville, Ky. 
General: — * * * * The rebel force at Cumberland Gap is so 
small, from the best information I can obtain, that I think that 


we will meet with little opposition in case it is determined to ad- 
vance by that pass. Our desires are to get to East Tennessee as 
soon as possible in order that our loyal friends there may be re- 
lieved. Many of them have been lying out in the woods to escape 
their enemies, but as the season advances they will be driven to 
their houses and be forced into the rebel ranks or carried to 
prison. Let us up and help them now when it will require so 
little to accomplish this desirable end. ********* 
I am, General, respectfully and truly yours, 
S. P. CARTER, Acting Brig.-Gen. Commanding. 

General Carter continued to urge upon Gen. Thomas to 

move into East Tennessee in numerous appeals, of which 

the above are samples. His whole sympathy and 

thoughts seemed to be turned towards the suffering loyal 

people of his native land. 

He.^dquarters of the Army, 
Washington, D. C, Dec. 3, 1861. 
Brig.-Gen. D. C. Buell, 

Louisville, Ky. 

Dear Buell: — I inclose two letters which were referred to me 
by the President and were intended for your eye. I do so feeling 
sure you sympathize with me in my intense regard for the noble 
Union men of Eastern Tennessee; that you will overlook mere 
matters of form; and that you will devote all your energies to- 
ward the salvation of men so eminently deserving our protection. 
I understand your movements and fully concur in their propriety, 
but I must still urge the occupation of East Tennessee as a duty 
we owe to our gallant friends there who have not hesitated to 
espouse our cause. 

Please send, then, with the least possible delay, troops enough 
to protect these men. I still feel sure that the best strategical 
move in this case will be that dictated by the simple feelings of 
humanity. We must preserve these noble fellows from harm; 
everything urges us to do that — faith, interest and loyalty. For 
the sake of these Eastern Tennesseeans who have taken part with 
us I would gladly sacrifice mere military advantages; they deserve 
our protection and at all hazards must have it. I know your 
nature is noble enough to forget any slurs they may cast upon 
you. Protect the true men and you have everything to look for- 
ward to. In no event allow them to be crushed out* * * * 
You may fully rely on my full support in the movement I have so 
much at heart — the liberation of Eastern Tennessee. * * * * 
If you gain and retain possession of Eastern Tennessee you will 
have won brighter laurels than I expect to gain 

Commanding U. S. Army. 

It is difficult to comprehend even at this date how it 
could be that with the urgent appeals of William B. and 


Gen. S. P. Carter, Hon. Horace Maynard, Nelson, 
Johnson, Brovvnlow, and all the distinguished lead- 
ers in East Tennessee; with the sympathy of Gen. 
Thomas enlisted in this movement, and the approval and 
sympathy of Gen. McClellan evinced in his manly and 
patriotic letter we have quoted; and above all, the deep 
mterest taken by President Lincoln in the unfortunate 
condition of the loyal people of East Tennessee, that they 
were abandoned to their fate without even a serious ef- 
fort being made to relieve them. If a military force had 
been dispatched to East Tennessee, or even the East Ten- 
nessee troops then in the field and chafing to come to 
the relief of their friends and families, had been per- 
mitted to make the effort, if it had been disastrous, it 
would at least have explained the mystery that has al- 
ways surrounded the cause of the abandonment of the 
loyal people of East Tennessee to their fate. 

With the information before us we can but lay this 
lailure at the door of Gen. D. C. Buell, who seems to 
have (disregarded the appeals of Gen. Carter, of all the 
leading loyal men of East Tennessee and of the com- 
mander-in-chief of the army and President Lincoln him- 
self, whose great heart went out in deepest sympathy 
for our suffering people. 



Situation After the Bridge-Burning and Rebellion. — Uniorr 
Men Arrested and Imprisoned. — Hatred of Southern Press 
and People Toward Them. — They Flee to the Mountains and 
to Kentucky. — Their Suffering and Persecution. — Martial Law 
Declared. — Provost Marshals Appointed. — How Union Men 
Concealed Themselves. 

After the men who had been engaged in the Carter 
county rebellion had been dispersed by Leadbetter's forces 
it became a matter of Hfe or death with every Union man 
of any prominence, whether he was engaged in bridge 
burning and rebelHon or not, was of little consequence. 
All were suspected and no protestation of innocence wa» 
of any avail with the Confederate officers who were now 
searching for the bridge burners with authority from the 
highest source, that of Secretary Benjamin, who instruct- 
ed Col. W. B. Wood, commanding the post at Knoxville, 
that all the men "who can be identified as having been 
engaged in bridge burning, are to be tried summarily by 
drum-head court-martial, and, if found guilty, hanged on 
the spot in the vicinity of the burned bridges." He 
further ordered that "all such as have not been so en- 
gaged be sent with an armed guard to Tuscaloosa, Ala- 
bama, there to be kept imprisoned as prisoners of war. 
In no case is any man known to have been up in arms 
against the Confederate Government to be released on 
any oath or pledge of allegiance." When once arrested 
and accused there was little hope of escape, as no testi- 
mony was accepted but that of their enemies. 

The rebel sympathizers wrote letters to the authorities 
giving names and sending in accusations against the Un- 
ion men. As showing the sentiment of some of these men 
we insert some quotations from a letter written by A. G. 


Graham, of Jonesboro, Tenn., to President Davis No- 
vember 12, 1861, and from M. J. Peoples to Secretary 
Benjamin Graham wrote: "In Carter and John- 
son counties, northeast of this, the Union strength 
is not only as formidable but it is as violent 
as that of any of the northwestern counties of 
Virginia. Had they the power not a secessionist 
would live in this region. The hostile element in these 
counties is so strong that I give it as my opinion that it 
will not abate or be conciliated. They look for the es- 
tablishment of the Federal authority with as much con- 
fidence as the Jews look for the coming of IMessiah, and 
I feel quite sure when I assert it that no event or circum- 
stance can change or modify their hope. There are now 
camped in and about Elizabethton, in Carter county some 
1200 or 1500 men armed with a motley assortment of 
guns, in open defiance of the Confederate States of 
America who are awaiting a movement of the 
Federal troops from Kentucky to march forward and 
tcike possession of the railroad. These men are gathered 
up from three or five counties in this region, and comprise 
the hostile Union element of this section, and never will 
be appeased, conciliated, or quieted under a Southern 
Confederacy. We can and will disperse them in a few 
cays, but w^hen will they break out again ? I am satisfied 
the only hope for our quiet and repose, and our co-opera- 
tion without hindrance in the present revolution, is the 
expatriation, voluntary, or by force, of this hostile ele- 

Okalona, Tenn., Nov. 20, 1861. 
Hon. J. P. Benjamin, 

Secretary of War, Richmond, Va. 

Sir: — In my judgment there is not a Union man in Carter county 
who was not involved to some extent in the rebellion. Many of 
them were drawn into it by wicked leaders and some have hastily 
repented, but many others will seek the first favorable opportunity 
to repeat the experiment. Under these circumstances what can 
be done to hold them in check in the future? If a Northern army- 
invades the State at any future day a majority of our population 
will undoubtedly tear up the railroad, burn the bridges and destroy 
the lives and property of our Southern men. 



If the military commander at this point could have a discretion- 
ary power which would enable him to inquire into the character 
of the rebels and give certain ones the option to join the Con- 
federate service during the war or be sent on for trial for treason 
I have no doubt the ends of justice would be attained, and much 
annoyance to the Government avoided. This, perhaps, would be 
rather a high-handed movement, but the disease is a desperate 
one and requires severe and energetic treatment. Every Union 
man in the county either took up arms or was fully advised of 
the intention of his party to do so, so they are all principals or 
accessory before the fact. If they are all prosecuted every citizen 
of East Tennessee must be arraigned before the court or brought 
■up as witnesses. Nearly every rebel in my county could be con- 
victed if all the Southern-rights citizens were brought up as wit- 
nesses; but this, perhaps, would look too much like political pro- 

***** Even now our most quiet and law-abiding citi- 
zens have been shot down in cold blood from behind coverts by 
the tories, and proof can be made that they have been tampering 
with the slaves. 

***** The Southern men have all been disarmed and 
the tories have apparently disbanded in most of the counties, but 
really gone home to await the approach of an invading army. If 
we are invaded every Southern man will be taken prisoner or else 
-murdered in the night time. 

I am, very respectfully, 


The feelings expressed in these letters are a sample of 
the feeling that existed towards the Unionists by the ex- 
treme disunionists throughout East Tennessee. They 
would gladly have seen their old friends banished for- 
ever from their homes. They could not believe these men 
were inspired by any motive of patriotism, but on the 
contrary were simply outlaws of the worst character and 
they would have rejoiced to have seen them either 
hanged, imprisoned or banished from their homes. Such 
if. the spirit aroused by civil war. 

The Secessionists in Johnson and Carter counties were 
greatly alarmed while the "little rebellion" lasted and 
many of them left their homes, but we cannot remember 
now that any special violence was done them at this time. 

After Leadbetter dispersed the Union forces at Doe 
I^iver Cove he returned to Johnson City with his main 
force, sending a detachment down Doe River to Eliza- 


bethton, making indiscriminate arrests as it went. This 
detachment was accompanied by some secession citizens 
who pointed out to the officers the Union men who had 
been active in the rebelHon, and looked on with seeming 
pleasure while they were being arrested, abused, and in 
some instances their property destroyed. Men who 
were peaceable and had committed no offense ex- 
cept that they were loyal to the Union; men 
advanced in years and mere lads were arrested 
and subjected to the same indignity as those who had 
been engaged in rebellion. Houses were searched and 
ransacked, and curses and abusive languages used, even 
to the women and aged and respected citizens. The 
sanctity of home was violated by course and profane 
ruffians in search of arms and plunder. 

Hundreds of loyal men were compelled to sleep on 
the ground and hide in the mountains and caves while 
their homes were being desecrated and their wives and 
children abused. 

While as we have said there were those among the citi- 
zens who aided and abetted in this work to the credit of 
humanity, and to many Southern sympathizers, we will 
say, there were others of them who did many acts of 
kindness for their Union neighbors at this time, and pre- 
vented them from being harshly dealt with. This was 
also remembered at a later day. While as we have seen 
there was much hatred and vindictiveness in Carter 
county, it was not so bad there as in many other counties 
of East Tennessee. There were many men on both sides 
who did not make the war a personal matter, and there 
were friendships between men, fighting in opposing arm- 
ies, that were never broken, and after the war there was 
less vindictiveness between soldiers than between citizens 
who had not been in the army on either side. 

Nevertheless, at this period to be a Union man was, 
in the eyes of a good many Confederates, to be a criminal 
of the deepest dye. Every word and act was miscon- 
strued into some ulterior design upon the Conferedate 
Government. Men whose life-long character had been 


above reproach were now suspected of the most heinous 
crimes, and their names blackened with the most oppro- 
brious epithets. They were arrested without other 
charges except that they were Union men. 

On the nth of December Gen. Carroll, who was in 
command of the Confederate forces at Knoxville, issued 
a proclamation declaring martial law and suspending the 
writ of habeas corpus. The people were now deprived 
of free speech that boon so highly prized by all freemen 
and especially so by the independent mountaineers of East 
Tennessee. They knew not what to do nor which way 
to turn. The rigorous winter common to the high eleva- 
tion of this mountain region was upon them, but their 
homes built by the arduous toil of many years to protect 
themselves and families, and where was erected the fam- 
ily altar, were now to them a place of danger, to be avoid- 
ed, or only visited at the dead hour of night to seek a brief 
interview with their loved ones and steal away again into 
the almost inaccessible cliffs and ravines of the mountains. 
Men were heard to say that they had often wondered 
why the Creator had built these stupendous monuments 
where little that was useful to man could thrive, but now 
they saw the mystery of the Divine plan made clear — 
they were to be the friendly shelter of the race at such 
times as this, when "Man's inhumanitv to man made 
countless thousands mourn." 

These lines might very appropriately have come into 
the minds of these hunted refugees : 

"For the strength of the hills we bless thee, 

Our God, our father's God! 
Thou hast made thy children mighty 

By the touch of the mountain sod. 
Thou hast fixed our mountain refuge, 

Where the spoiler's feet ne'er trod; 
For the strength of the hills we bless thee. 

Our God, our father's God!" 

Many Unionists, and especially the bridge burners, 
however, escaped to the mountains or concealed them- 
selves so effectually about their homes or among their 
friends that they were not discovered. 


Col. Daniel Stover, the leader of the "Bridge Burn- 
■ers" and the "Rebellion," with Dan Ellis, Jonas H. Keen, 
B. F. Treadvvay, G. O. Collins, Watson Collins and oth- 
ers, sought safety in the Pond mountains in the eastern 
part of Carter county. They were far back in the moun- 
tain some seven miles from any settlement, and their 
place of hiding was known only to William Lewis, a 
trusted Union man, who resided on the Watauga river. 
Their provisions had to be carried to them by some of 
their number who packed it on their backs this long dis- 
tance through dense thickets and through deep ravines 
and over steep rough hills. 

Here they constructed rude shanties and provided with 
a few cooking utensils and blankets these men, who had 
been accustomed to the comforts and many of the luxur- 
ies of life, spent many weary weeks expecting all the time 
to hear of the advance of the Federal army into East Ten- 

Dan. Ellis was their main dependence. Being by na- 
ture and experience a fine woodsman he made many ex- 
cursions back into the settlements to learn the latest news 
and bring back letters from the families. Thus began the 
experience of Captain Ellis, who afterwards did such ex- 
cellent service both to the Government and to the Union 
men in piloting the latter from these counties and from 
Western North Carolina into the Union lines in Ken- 
tucky; an extended account of his adventures will be 
found in another chapter of this history. 

Across in the Buck mountains, also in Carter county, 
was another company of refugees, among whom were 
Col. N. G. Taylor, Col. J. G. Fellers, Elijah Simerly, Jas. 
P. Scott, M. L. Cameron, Charles P. and William J. Ton- 
cray. These refugees spent some time at the home of 
David Stout, a Union man who lived far back in the 

They w^ere visited by a few trusted friends, bringing 
them news, clothing and provisions. They were situated 
very much like the others, but contrived to pass the time 
more or less pleasantly around their blazing fires, es- 


pecially at night, whose friendly shades relieved their 
fears, yet much uneasiness was felt as they knew their 
place of concealment was being searched for by armed 
men, and if found their lives would probably pay the 
penalty of their loyalty to the Union. 

Other Union men fearing these camps were less safe 
than even their homes concealed themselves in their at- 
tics or cellars. One case in point was that of Dr. A. 
Jobe, who, though strongly opposed to the bridge burn- 
ing, from which the rebellion resulted, but being a lead- 
ing Union man from the beginning and knowing that in 
the excitement of the times his life would be endangered, 
took refuge in his cellar. He had recently built a new 
residence close to Elizabethton. He had a cellar under 
his kitchen with no opening into it except a trap-door in 
the kitchen floor. Signals were arranged so that calling 
the names of certain members of his family warned him 
of the approach of soldiers and others so that he must 
be very quiet ; the names of other members would indicate 
that the coast was clear. The colored servant who occu- 
pied the kitchen usually kept the cradle with the babe in 
ir over the cellar door. The kitchen floor was carpeted 
so the trap-door could not be seen. When soldiers came 
to the house, which they frequently did, the servant would 
rock the cradle industriously and sing lullabys to the 
infant to drown any noise the occupant of the cellar might 

In a similar manner Geo. W. Ryan, who had been cap- 
tured and escaped from prison, was concealed under the 
residence of W. B. Carter for many weeks until he had 
an opportunity to escape through the lines to Ken- 

These men and many others spent many weeks in this 
way, fearing to cough or even draw a deep breath lest 
they might be discovered and dragged to prison or 

Thus the dreary winter of 1 86 1-2 moved along. Many 
Union men to avoid a worse fate joined the Confederate 
army, hoping to escape to the Federals at a later date;. 

^ IK"^=^- ■ 


X) ^2 

(See page 276.) 


Others made their way to Kentucky, while others still 
hoping for rehef remained in hiding. 

In February, 1862, Ft. Donalson fell, and following 
this Nashville also fell into the hands of the Federals. 
These events afforded some hope and comfort to the wait- 
ing Union men. 

Gov. Harris fled to Memphis with the General Assem- 
bly, which passed an act to call out the militia of the 
State from the ages of 18 to 35 years, which the authori- 
ties began to enforce in East Tennessee. This again 
presented a source of new danger to the Union men who 
had thus far escaped. 

Gen. Leadbetter had finally issued a conciliatory procla- 
mation to the Union men which many had accepted so far 
as to remain at home and be silent. But now, having 
suffered the loss of free speech and trial by jury, having 
been insulted, arrested and forced to take the oath of alle- 
giance to the Southern Confederacy, the appalling alter- 
native presented itself of again undergoing the hardships 
of scouting or fight against the flag they adored, or leave 
their homes, and their all, and above all, their loved 
ones, to the tender mercies of their enmies, and to what 
fate they could not tell, and for how long they knew not — 
perhaps forever. 

Following soon upon the call for the militia came what 
was known as the "Conscript Act," passed by the Con- 
federate Congress April i6th, 1862. This took into the 
Confederate army all able-bodied male citizens between 
the ages of 18 and 35 years, and later extended to 45, ex- 
cept certain exemptions to those who were laborers or 
artisans engaged in the production of articles necessary 
for the army. 

Conscript-enrolling officers were at once appointed 
and, supported by the military, began the hunt for Con- 
scripts. As some alleviation to the people of Carter coun- 
ty, a firm composed of N. G. Taylor and Judge Turley, 
under the name of Taylor, Turley & Co., began the erec- 
tion of a steel and iron plant at a place known as 
"O'Brien's old Forge" in Carter county, three miles south 


of Elizabethton, and a similar company operated a fur- 
nace on Stoney Creek. 

They had detailed a large number of men who were 
enrolled as conscripts to work at these plants and in this 
way avoid active service in the Confederacy. Other sim- 
ilar iron plants were started in Johnson county, and in 
many other places. 

But these could not employ all, and only afforded re- 
lief to a small proportion of the conscripts in Johnson and 
Carter counties. 

It has been said that the Conscript Act took more men 
from East Tennessee into the Federal army than into the 
Confederate army. However, the conscript officers now 
commenced their work in earnest, aided as we have said 
by the military. Looking back at the history of this per- 
iod it would seem that by some strange chance the Con- 
federate authorities selected from first to last a most 
cruel and vindictive set of officers to take charge of the 
military companies in Carter and Johnson counties. Not 
only this, but they even brought into requisition the ser- 
vices of some half-civilized Cherokee Indians from Chero- 
kee county, N. C. If we do not characterize this pro- 
ceeding by an}' harsher name, we are compelled to say it 
was most unwise as wtU as unfortunate ; as it would 
seem even now, that it would not require any g"reat fore- 
sight to see that this action on their part would be a case 
ot "sowing the wind and reaping the whirlwind." 

Union men who had not been detailed, or detached 
for work in the different iron works, and could possibly 
do so, began to flee across the mountains to swell the 
ranks of the Union regiments now forming in Kentucky, 
under the guidance of Dan Ellis, whose fame had spread 
far and wide as a daring and successful pilot. Others, 
still, fled to the mountains to await an opportunity to get 
tc Kentucky, or at any rate to avoid, for the present at 
least, service in the Confederate army. Some were too 
poor to go or could not make up their minds to leave 
their families perhaps to starve. Some of these as in 
the days after the bridge burning joined the Confeder- 
r.te army to save themselves and families. 


Those who took their chances in the mountains would 
have to steal into their homes to procure food at night, 
end often they found the conscript officers and soldiers 
in waiting for them. At other times these officers would 
threaten the members of the families, the fathers, moth- 
ers, or little brothers and sisters of the conscripts to ex- 
tort from them the hiding place of the conscript. These 
atrocities aroused the indignation of the Union men to the 
highest point and many sad tragedies followed. An ac- 
count of many of them will be found in the Chapter of 




Sentiments of Affection and Brotherhood Among Loyal 
People. — Expectations of Federal Aid. — Their Disappoint- 
ments. — Gen. G. W. Morgan at Cumberland Gap. — East Ten- 
nessee Regiments in His Command. — Col. Hayne's Eulogy on 
East Tennessee. — East Tennessee the Scene of Many 

It was at this period that began that sentiment of love 
and confidence among the loyal people that marked their 
intercourse through the long period that intervened be- 
fore the close of the war, A common cause and common 
sufferings had united them in a common bond of sym- 
pathy and affection, and steeled their hearts against fear. 
They were a band of brothers and sisters. 

The "Union" was the shibboleth that gained admission 
into every heart and home. They shared with each other 
and even with strangers, who were known to be loyal, 
their stores of provisions to the last morsel, "without 
money and without price" — the noble women often pre- 
paring it and carrying it far into the mountains to reach 
the hiding places of their loved ones who were under the 
ban of the military authorities or being hunted by the 
conscript officers. 

It was during this period, too, that they were living 
between hope and fear. The loyal leaders who had gone 
North were constantly importuning the Government to 
send them relief and they were constantly assured that 
this would be done at an early day. This news was con- 
veyed through the lines to the waiting and watching peo- 
ple and would renew their hopes for a time, but to end 
ir disappointment. Long, weary months were to elapse 
before these hopes were to be realized. Other and more 
important movements of the army, together with unex- 
pected reverses prevented the fulfillment of their prom- 


ises. The Confederate Government realizing the import- 
ance to them of holding East Tennessee not only on ac- 
count of the railroad and its strategic importance, but 
because it afforded them a vast amount of supplies from 
its fertile valleys and was for that reason a favorite field 
for forage, hence they were determined not to part with 
It without a great struggle. Gen. Sherman with his keen 
military instincts had seen this from the beginning, and 
it was doubtless for this reason that he turned back the 
little army of Gen. Thomas, knowing, or believing, that 
ii would be sacrificed. 

Many important events were now transpiring through- 
out the county, which it is needless for us to mention, 
though they were watched by our people with almost 
painful interest. The Union victories were garbled by 
the Southern papers into victories for their cause. The 
Cumberland Mountain still lifted its frowning peaks be- 
tween the Union people and their fondest hope — their 
country's flag. Many had crossed the forbidden path 
that led through its deep defiles and over its steep acclivi- 
ties and they were now battling bravely against Nature's 
barriers and a determined enemy to reach their homes. 

On the i8th of June, 1862, an army of about 12,000 
men advanced under command of Gen. George W. Mor- 
gan to Cumberland Gap and took possession of that im- 
portant stronghold with little opposition. The Unionists 
hailed this event with gladness, believing again that re- 
lief was near at hand. In this command were two bri- 
gades of loyal East Tennessee troops, viz : Carter's Bri- 
gade, 2nd and 4th Tenn. (Union) Cavalry and Spear's 
Brigade — the 3d, 5th and 6th Tenn. Infantry. 

These troops were anxious to redeem their homes and 
received the highest praise from their officers for gal- 
lantry displayed in this expedition. . Hundreds of East 
Tennessee Union men joined this force at Cumberland 
Gap, — many from Carter and Johnson counties. The 
Confederate authorities, realizing the importance of hold- 
ing East Tennessee, hurried in large reinforcements, and 
Gen. Morgan was soon besieged by a largely superior 


force; and, fearing- that he would be entirely cut off from 
his base of supplies, after holding the Gap from June until 
September, fell back through Kentucky to the Ohio river. 
Thus the Unionists, who had been in high hopes, were 
doomed to disappointment. 

Many Union men in Carter and Johnson counties had,, 
up to this time, managed to remain in the vicinity of their 
homes, and aid, to some extent, in providing for their 
families. Seeing the futility of resistance many even 
feigned loyalty to the South to save their friends and 
families. Some of these gaining the confidence of the au- 
thorities were appointed enrolling officers and were en- 
abled to save many conscripts by giving them warning in 
some way of their approach. R. A. Lyle was an instance 
of this kind. To procure the release of his step-father, 
Jacob Bewley, he had volunteered in the Southern army, 
and was sent to Elizabethton as Deputy Provost Marshal. 
He proved a good friend to the Union people and did all 
he could for them without exciting the suspicion of the 
authorities, and finally made his escape to the Union 
lines. Governor Johnson secured him a position as pri- 
vate secretary to the Secretary of State, E. H. East. 

The bitterness toward the loyal people of East Ten- 
nessee became more intense all the time. Their loyalty 
had brought upon them the hatred of the Southern press 
and people, and the most opprobrious epithets were ap- 
plied to them. They were called "Lincolnites," "Abo- 
litionists," "Thugs" and "renegades;" even the beauti- 
ful country itself, which had been termed the "Switzer- 
land of America," was called "the God-forsaken coun- 
try." But this ultra sentiment was not shared by all the 
Confederates, especially in regard to its loveliness. 

To show that through all these scenes of bitterness 
some of them retained a deep-seated love for the hills 
and mountains, and beautiful valleys, we introduce an 
incident that occurred soon after the war. The people 
of Carter county should revere the name of her gifted 
son, Hon. Landon C. Haynes, who was a Confederate 
States Senator. At a banquet given to the bar at Jack- 


son, Mississippi, at which Col. Haynes was a guest. Gen, 
Forrest proposed a toast "to Mr. Haynes, the gentleman 
from East Tennessee, sometimes called the God-forsak- 
en." Mr. Haynes responded : "I plead guilty to the soft 
impeachment. I was born in East Tennessee, on the 
banks of the Watauga, which in the Indian vernacular 
means beautiful river, and beautiful river it is. I have 
stood on its banks in my childhood, and looking down 
in its glassy waters saw a heaven below, and looking up 
beheld a heaven above me, like two mirrors, each reflect- 
ing in the other its moon, planets and trembling stars. 

"Away from its banks of rock and cliff, of laurel and 
ivy, hemlock and pine, stretches back to the distant moun- 
tains a vale more beautiful and exquisite than any in 
Switzerland or Italy. 

"There stands the great Roan, the great Black, the great 
Unaka and the great Smoky mountains, upon whose sum- 
mits the clouds gather of their own accord, even on the 
brightest day. There I have seen the great spirit of the 
storm lie down in his pavilion of darkness and clouds. 
Then I have seen him awake at midnight, and, like a 
giant refreshed from slumber, arouse the tempest, and 
let loose the lightnings that ran along the mountain tops 
swifter than an eagle's flight in heaven. I have seen them 
stand up and dance, like angels of light, to the music of 
Nature's grand organ, whose keys were touched by the 
fingers of Divinity in the halls of Eternity, resounding 
through the universe. 

"Then I have seen the clouds drift away towards the 
horizon, and morning come forth from her saffron bed, 
put on her robes of light, and standing tip-toe on the 
misty mountain top, while Night fled to his bed-chamber 
at the poles, lighted up the green valley and beautiful 
river where I played in my childhood. 

"O, beautiful land of the mountains with thy sun- 
painted cliffs, how can I ever forget thee!" 

But this lovely valley, so eloquently described, was the 
scene of many revolting tragedies. 



Carter's Raid Into East Tennessee. — Burning the Bridge at 
Zollicoffer. — Fight at Carter's Depot and Burning of the 
Bridge at That Place. — Personal Mention of Gen. S. P. Carter, 
Col. J. P. T. Carter and Capt. G. O. Collins. — Changed Con- 
ditions Since the War Began. — Rye and Spice Wood Used for 
Coffee and Tea- 
After Gen. Morgan's forces left Cumberland Gap in 
September, 1862, the people of Johnson and Carter coun- 
ties seemed to despair of the Federal army coming into 
East Tennessee at any very early date. They had been dis- 
appointed so often that they paid little attention to 
'grape-vine" dispatches any more. Many men from 
these counties were now in the different regiments of 
Tennessee troops that had been formed in Kentucky. A 
large number from these counties jomed Col. James P. 
T. Carter's regiment, the 2d Tennessee Mounted Infantry. 
Later a large number joined Col. Dan Stover's Fourth 
Tennessee Infantry. Those who had not yet "crossed 
the mountains" made as fair weather as possible with 
"the powers that be." They found the less they said 
now the better, but down deep in their hearts there was no 
abatement in their love for the Union, and they watched 
with unabated interest the progress of the war. There 
had been many Confederate victories — in fact getting 
the news from the Southern papers — they gained all the 
victories. This wa? most disheartening to the Union 
people for they believed if the South was victorious the 
Union people could never live in peace, but like the 
Moore's and Arcadians would have "to fold their tents" 
and seek another clime. Mr. A. G. Graham, as we have 
seen had suggested their banishment. But let us say here 
that in one particular Mr. Graham was right. In the 


darkest hours of the Union cause they did beheve in the 
coming- of the Federal army "with a faith equal to that 
of the Jews in the coming of the Messiah." 

The early Winter of 1862 gave some of them an oppor- 
tunity to see the "blue coats" and learn through the actual 
sense of vision that they w^re not all dead yet. 

A Federal force of aba.t 2000 troops left Lexington, 
Kentucky, about the 20th of December, 1862, under com- 
mand of Gen. Samuel P. Carter to make a raid into East 
Tennessee for the purpose of burning bridges and other- 
wise crippling the East Tennessee and Virginia Railroad, 
which was so important to the Confederacy. This com- 
mand was composed of two battalions of the Second 
Michigan Cavalry, Lieut. Col. Campbell ; one battalion 
of the Seventh Ohio Cavalry, Major Ramsey; the Ninth 
Pennsylvania Cavalry, Major Russell, Col. Charles J. 
Walker, of the Tenth Kentucky Cavalry, was in com- 
mand of the cavalry brigade. This command crossed 
the mountains at Crank's Gap, near Harlan Court House, 
into Lee County, Va., moved down Cane Creek, passed 
through a gap in Poor Valley ridge and crossed Powell's 
Valley four miles east of Jonesville, they reached the 
summit of Walden's ridge about twenty miles from the 
foot of the Cumberland Mountains and halted. 

They had advanced this far without creating any 
alarm, or exciting any suspicion as to who they were. 
From here they moved to Stickleyville. across Powell's 
Mountain and through Pattonsville. They crossed 
Clinch river twelve miles from Estellville, \^a. News of 
their approach had preceded them, and upon their arrival 
at Estellville they were told that a considerable force of 
rebels were at Moccasin Gap prepared to dispute their 
passage. The Michigan battalion under Col. Campbell 
were dismounted and moved through the Gap; the enemy 
retreated towards Kingsport. A lieutenant and several 
rebel soldiers were captured near the Gap. The command 
pushed forward and on the way a Sergeant of the 2d 
Michigan was killed, and two other soldiers who had 
wandered from the road were captured. About day- 


light on the morning of December 30 they reached 
Blountville, SulHvan County, Tenn., surprised the place 
and captured 30 soldiers of the 4th Kentucky rebel cav- 
alry and paroled them. They left Bristol, which was 
said to be held by a strong rebel force, to their left and 
proceeded to Zollicoffer (now Bluff City) on the East 
Tennessee and Virginia Railroad six miles distant. Gen. 
Carter sent his brother. Col. J. P. T. Carter, with a por- 
tion of the 2d Michigan with orders to burn the bridge 
across the Holston river, Gen. Carter following as soon 
as his forces all came up. Major McDowell with a force 
of about 150 of the 626. Xorth Carolina surrendered to 
Col. Carter without resistance. They were paroled and 
declared that they would not again return to the arm.y. 

The barracks, tents, arms, a railroad car, together with 
tlie railroad and wagon bridge were burned or destroyed. 

It was reported that G. O. Collins, who accompanied 
Gen. Carter as his orderly, and who had been one of the 
bridge burners on the night of November 8, 186 c, when 
the bridge across the river at this place was burned, and 
had made his escape into Kentucky and joined the 2d 
Tennessee Infantry, applied the torch to the railroad 
bridge with the remark : *T was accused of burning a 
bridge here once before, if you'll watch me you will see 
that I am guilty this time." After setting fire to the 
bridge he climbed up on the railing and crowed. 

Gen. Carter dispatched Col. Watkini with detachments 
from the 2d Michigan, 9th Pennsylvania and 7th Ohio 
Cavalry, 180 in all, to Carter's Station (Depot) to burn 
the bridge across the Watauga river 10 miles west of 
Zollicoffer. This was the bridge that Dr. Jobe had saved 
from being burned on the night of November 8, 1861. 
On the way to Carter's they captured Col. Love of the 
62d North Carolina with a number of prisoners and a lo- 
comotive. Col. Love having heard rumors of the approach 
of the Yankees went out on the locomotive to ascertain 
the truth of the rumor and fell into their hands. 
The detachment reached Carter's Depot about sun- 
set and found about 200 of the 2d North Carolina 


tailing into line. Col. Walker attacked them and after a 
short resistance they fled to the woods. Major Roper of 
the 6th Kentucky Cavalry made a gallant charge with 
two companies of the 9th Pennsylvania under Capt. 
Jones, capturing and killing a number of rebels. Major 
Roper's loss was one killed, one mortally, one severely, 
and two slightly wounded. A number of rebels were 
killed. The railroad bridge across the Watauga river, 
together with a number of arms, were taken and de- 

Gen. Carter finding that the rebels were collecting a 
large force from all directions with the view of intercept- 
ing and capturing him made a safe but hasty retreat back 
to Kentucky. This was the last expedition of Federals 
that reached East Tennessee until Burnside's army came 
in, in September, 1863. They were the last Federal 
troops except these, ever seen in these counties exce])t 
those passing through as prisoners until the Thirteenth 
Tennessee Cavalry passed through with Stoneman's com- 
mand in March, 1865. 

Gen. Samuel P. Carter was a native of Carter County, 
Tennessee, the county having been named for his grand-^ 
latner, William Carter, and the county seat, Elizabethton, 
Tor his grandmother, Mrs. Elizabeth Carter. Gen. Car- 
ter was a graduate of the Naval School, at Annapolis. 
Md., and at the breaking out of the war was a Lieutenant 
in the United States Navy. Soon after the beginning of 
the war (1861), at his own request, he was transferred 
to the military service and assigned to duty with the 
Federal forces in Kentucky that were to operate in East 
Tennessee. He performed an honorable part during the 
V7ar and was promoted to the rank of Major-General. He 
loved his birthplace and performed many acts of kindness 
towards his boyhood friends. He was loyal to his flag, 
and East Tennesseeans owe much to him for his valiant 
service in aiding to redeem their homes from the do- 
minion of their enemies. 

After the close of the war he returned to the navy, in 
which he attained to the rank of Rear-Admiral before 


his retirement. As far as we have been able to learn no 
other officer in the United States service attained so high 
rank both in the military and naval service. He died 
suddenly at his home in Washington, D. C, May 26, 

Col. James P. T. Carter was a brother of Gen. Samuel 
P. and Rev. William B. Carter. He was a staunch Union 
man from the beginning; was a delegate to the Knoxville 
and Greeneville Conventions. After the occupation of 
East Tennessee by the Confederates he fled to Kentucky 
and organized the 2d Tennessee Mounted Infantry, 
which did splendid service until captured with Col. Gar- 
rard's command near Rogersville, Tennessee, November 
6th, 1863. Those who did not escape were imprisoned 
at Andersonville under the monster Wirtz, many dying 
from starvation. Among these were Theophilus H. Rob- 
erts, of Elizabethton, a brave, noble-hearted young man. 
John C. Smith and Samuel Bishop lived through the 
dreadful prison experience and returned to their homes in 
1865, "living skeletons." 

Col. James P. T. Carter married the daughter of ex- 
Governor Letcher, of Kentucky, and was appointed Secre- 
tary of the Territory of Arizona by President Johnson. 
He died suddenly at Tucson, Arizona, in April, 1868. His 
son William A. Carter, Esq., is a member of the County 
Court (1902), and resides at Elizabethton, Tennessee. 

We have mentioned the happiness and contentment of 
the people in Carter and Johnson Counties previous to 
the war but now how changed the scene! The owners 
of the humble but happy homes could no longer rest in 
peace. The flag beneath which their fathers fought was 
no longer the protecting Aegis of their homes and loved 
ones. O, hapless daughters of Carter and Johnson coun- 
ties, there was in store for thee sorrow, hardships, suf- 
fering, destitution and heartaches which we pray God 
rr.ay never again fall to the lot of the mothers and daugh- 
ters of these now prosperous counties ! 

Though ample harvests had rewarded the farmers in 
1 86 1, the excitement of war had kept mqn from giving the 


proper attention to their farms, and in the Winter of 
1861-62 refugees were to be fed, men had to flee from 
their farms, and troops coming in consumed much of 
their provisions, often without compensation, or in ex- 
change for depreciating currency. The blockade had shut 
out such necessary articles as clothing, dress goods, 
coffee, tea and all articles of merchandise, and the stocks 
(tf these things in hand were being rapidly consumed at 
exorbitant prices. Only the wealthier classes could ob- 
tain what had been regarded as the necessaries of life. 
The women turned their hands again to the cards, the 
^pmning wheel and loom to provide raiment for their 
families. All kinds of devices were resorted to; old gar- 
ments that had been cast aside were brought into requisi- 
tion. Sassafras and spicewood were substituted for Im- 
perial and Japan tea. Everything imaginable was sub- 
stituted for coffee, to which the older people were espe- 
cially attached, but none hit the right spot. Rye and 
sweet potatoes were generally adopted. They looked a 
little like coffee when prepared, but here the resemblance 
ended. Thus the Spring, and part of the Summer of 
1863 passed away. Hope — "that springs eternal in the 
human breast" — had been kept alive through more than 
two long, weary years. Capt. Ellis who had been mak- 
ing regular trips across the mountains since April, 1862, 
had at frequent intervals brought letters, money and 
sometimes cheering news. His advent into the neighbor- 
hood was soon found out, and mothers and wives hur- 
ried breathlessly to his hiding place to learn some tidings 
from their husbands and sons who had escaped to the 
Federal army. The rebel soldiers were generally ap- 
prised of his arival from Kentucky and made fruitless 
efforts to capture him, but the "Old Red Fox" as he was 
called was too sly for them. In fact the time came when 
few rebel soldiers were brave enough to venture within 
range of his unerring Winchester. 



Gen. Burnside in East Tennessee — Rejoicing of the Union 
People. — Advance to Bristol. — Col. John K. Miller and Col. 
R. R. Butler Authorized to Raise Federal Regiments. — Long- 
street's Advance Upon Knoxville. — Federal Troops Fall 
Back. — Recruits Fall Back With the Army — Strawberry- 
Plains. — Organization of the Regiment. — Field and Staff.^ 
Death of Lieut-Col. A. D- Smith. — R. R. Butler Becomes 
Lieut.-Col. — Siege of Knoxville. 

On the I St of September, 1863, General A. E. Burn- 
side, with a large army, in which were a number of loyal 
Tennessee regiments, fighting under the old flag, entered 
East Tennessee by way of the Cumberland Gap. Col. 
John W. Foster, of Indiana, in command of the advance 
guard of the army, and with whom was Major John W. 
Sawyers, commanding the gallant 8th Tennessee Union 
Cavalry (which afterwards was attached to the 3d Bri- 
gade, Governor's Guards), entered Knoxville on the 3d 
clay of September. This was a proud day for East Ten- 
nessee loyalists, and the returning exiles. It would be 
useless to attempt to describe the joy of the returning 
refugees and the loyal people who poured into the towns 
and villages, women, children and aged men gathered 
along the roadside to greet them. 

'"There were Union men who wept with joyful tears, 
When they saw the honored flag they had not seen for 


When this news was received in Carter and Johnson 
Counties men and women gave expression to their happi- 
ness with tears and shouts of joy. We will relate an 
instance in point. One night a certain prominent Union 
man who had been accused of bridge burning, and had 
been long in hiding, was looking westward when he saw 


colored lights flashed upon the sky. These were probably 
signals, but this man knowing nothing about army sig- 
nals at that timej threw up his hands and shouted, "Glory 
to God, the Almightly has given signs in the heavens 
that the red, white and blue shall prevail and the Union 
shall be saved!" This same man made a vow that he 
^yould neither shave off his beard nor have his hair cut 
until the Yankees came into East Tennessee, which he 
faithfully kept. 

When the Federal forces reached Johnson's Depot, 
(now Johnson City) hundreds of Union men from John- 
son and Carter Counties saw the "Yankees" for the first 
time. Believing they had come to stay they no longer 
tried to conceal their happiness and greeted them with 
the greatest demonstrations of joy, but when they began 
to fall back, gloom and sadness took posession of their 

Gen. Burnside, who had established his headquarters 
iii Knoxville, was looked upon by the loyal people of East 
Tennessee almost as a Saviour. 

After the battle of Chickamauga Gen. Longstreet was 
detached with a Confederate army 20.000 strong to drive 
Gen. Burnside out of East Tennessee. This necessitated 
the calling in of the Federal forces from upper East Ten- 
nessee to the defense of Knoxville. Hence on the 24th 
of September they began falling back towards Knox- 
ville, leaving the people in the Eastern counties in much 
worse condition than if they had never come. 


It now became necessary for every Union man who had 
shown any respect for the Federals, or "Yankees," as 
they were called, to leave the country. Thousands had 
already gone, and most of those who had remained had 
been subject to greater danger and hardships than even 
active military service would have entailed. Many boys 
14, 15 and 16 years old at the beginning of the war, 
were now old enough, and were eager to join the army. 
The leading men in Carter and Johnson Counties, now 


that an opportunity had come, and knowing they could 
no longer remain at home to protect their families and as- 
sist the families of those already in the field, upon hear- 
ing of the advance of Gen. Burnside's army, began to re- 
cruit men for the Federal service, and one or two com- 
panies were partially formed and organized in the moun- 
tains. There had been no time since the beginning of the 
war when the Federal Government needed troops worse 
than at this period, and though a single regiment was but 
an insignificant fraction of the vast army that was now 
battling for the Union, every patriot felt that he could no 
longer withhold his services with honor to himself. While 
many loyal men had already joined the Federal army, and 
were fighting their country's battles on many battle-fields, 
the men who were now to compose the Thirteenth Regi- 
ment of Tennessee Union Cavalry had rendered impor- 
tant service in many ways. They had burned the bridge, 
engaged in the Carter county rebellion, and by their pres- 
ence at home, had kept a large force of rebels constantly 
engaged in watching them. When reminded in a pleasant 
way by some of our comrades who joined the army at an 
earlier date, that we did not go into the service until the 
war was nearly over, we tell them that is true, and a great 
pity, too, as the Rebellion did not begin to collapse until 
the "Thirteenth" entered the field. Even after this regi- 
ment left Carter County there were Union men left there 
who did as noble service as those in the field, in caring 
for the families of the soldiers and feeding many of them, 
and protecting and advising them as far as they could. 
Mention will be made of many of these brave men in the 
chapter of "Heroes and Heroines." 

Col. John K. Miller, of Carter County, was authorized 
to raise a Regiment of Cavalry by Governor Johnson. 
Col. R. R. Butler, of Johnson County, was also author- 
ized to raise a Regiment of Cavalry. Col. A. D. Smith, 
J. W. M. Grayson, Samuel E. Northington, J. N. Norris 
and others of Johnson County, and H. C. Smith, C. C. 
Wilcox, L. W. Fletcher, William and D. B. Jenkins and 
others of Carter County, were all active at this time in 

(See page 279.) 

(See page 151.) 


enlisting men for the army. It was not long until several 
hundred men were enlisted. Among the men enlisted 
were quite a number of loyal men from Western North 
C'arolina, some of whom had done service in the Carter 
County rebellion, and now learning that Burnside had 
occupied East Tennessee came to join the Union stand- 

The Federal forces, under Gen. Shackelford, Gen. S. P. 
Carter, Col. Foster and others, had advanced as far east 
as Abingdon, Virginia, driving in the rebel pickets at that 
place when they were ordered back to the defense of 

The men who had been recruited for the 12th Ten- 
nessee Cavalry (afterwards changed to the Thirteenth) 
joined the retreating Federal forces at Johnson's Depot 
and Jonesboro and fell back with them to Greeneville, 

Having drawn our first rations at the latter place from 
the United States Government, as well as frying pans 
and some old Springfield rifles, we date the beginning of 
our service at Greeneville, and the time September 30th, 
1863, and take the liberty henceforth to use the first per- 
sonal pronoun being now a part of the organization soon 
to be mustered into service as the Thirteenth Regiment of 
Tennessee Cavalry, U. S. A. 

On the night of September 30th the enemy were ac- 
tively pushing our forces. Equipped now with frying 
pans and old rifles we began our first retreat, in the night. 
Rumors of fighting, verified by the sound of musketry in 
our rear, was a new experience to most of us, and some- 
what alarming. Though not yet mustered into service, 
like young Prince Napoleon at Sedan, we were receiving 
"the baptism of fire ;" but we reached Bull's Gap in safety, 
and with no loss except frying pans and perhaps a few 
muskets that some of us threw away to accelerate our 

Here we rested, little thinking that this dreary-looking 
place was to cut such a figure in the future history of our 
Regiment. Such of the frying pans as had not been 


thrown away in our flight from Greeneville were brought 
into use. 

On the night of Oct. 2d we were loaded into some old 
flat cars and taken to Strawberry Plains where we arrived 
just before daylight. The nights were growing cold now, 
and using the tactics of Col. Woolford, "wt scattered 
out" and "huddled up" in straw piles, or any old barns or 
houses that would afford us a place to take a little rest 
and sleep. 

The next day, learning we were to remain here for 
sometime, the men set about erecting rude huts or shan- 
ties out of such material as they could find, to protect 
them from the rain and the sun, which, at mid-day, still 
poured its effulgent rays upon the shadeless plains with 
uncomfortable warmth. We were without equipments 
of any kind, except the muskets, and what were left of the 
frying pans, and such blankets as we had brought from 
home. Some of the men had also brought their horses 
with them when they left home. 

We were at this time dependent, to a great extent, on 
foraging for subsistance for ourselves and horses, that, 
too, in a country that had been largely stripped by both 
armies. Men unused to cooking made most amusing and 
ridiculous efforts to prepare their meals and keep their 
scanty wardrobes in order, with the very few of the neces- 
S2ry conveniences for this purpose. We were a motley 
crowed, presenting little appearance of soldiers, or giving 
little promise that we ever would be. 

It might be in order just here to compare our home- 
leaving with that of our comrades of the North, or the 
Confederate soldiers in the South. 

They were usually uniformed, equiped and at least par- 
t-ially drilled in camps near their homes. They generally 
spent several weeks in camp, provided with tents and all 
the accessories to make a soldier's life as comfortable as 
posible. Their friends visited them, often bringing deli- 
cacies to eat and little mementoes of love. When they 
were ordered to the front they were presented with beauti- 
ful banners, often the handiwork of fair and loving 


hands; large crowds gathered at the railroad stations, or 
places of embarkment, to bid them goodby; and with the 
sound of music and amidst the waving of flags, with the 
kisses of loved ones warm upon their lips, and the bless- 
ings of parents, wives, sisters and sweethearts they were 
speeded on their journey in comfortable coaches. 

How different with us ! Hastily getting together a 
few articles of clothing, a blanket, and perhaps a little 
lunch, if we had the time, we hurriedly left our homes. 
With a hasty kiss and pressure of our loved ones to our 
hearts we were gone. Tramping over rugged roads, toil- 
ing over hills — foot-sore and weary, our first introduc- 
tion to military service was the sound of musketry, and 
the roar of artillery. 

The time was spent at Strawberry Plains in making 
such efforts as we could to maintain discipline and order 
as far as possible without any authorized officers, and in 
making ourselves as comfortable as we could. Recruiting 
officers were sent back and men were continually joining 
us from the upper counties and Western North Carolin:.. 


While we were at Strawberry Plains Gen. Burnside 
and his staff went east on the train, the Union forces not 
having all fallen back yet as far as Knoxville. 

Col. Miller now had perhaps 500 or 600 men who had 
been recruited for the 12th Tennessee Cavalry. These 
men were mostly from Carter and Johnson Counties, 
some from Western North Carolina and a few from other 
counties in East Tennessee. Alexander D. Smith, of 
Johnson County, was the choice of the Regiment for 
Lieutenant-Colonel, and Johnson County being entitled 
to that position he received the appointment. 

While the service of the Field and Staff dated from 
October 28, owing to some delay in obtaining a muster- 
ing officer, they were not mustered until November. 

In the meantime. Col. A. D. Smith, who had been 
serving as Lieutenant-Colonel of the Regiment, was 
taken seriously ill and died at the home of Mr. McBee at 



Strawberry Plains, Tennessee, November 3, 1863. Much 
regret was expressed throughout the Regiment upon 
learning of the death of a man who was well known and 
held in high esteem by all the Carter and Johnson county 

Hamilton C. Smith, of Carter county, a brother of 
Col. A. D. Smith, had the appointment of Major in the 
Regiment, but was taken sick with fever at Strawberry 
Plains, and never became able to serve. He was after- 
wards Chancellor of the First Chancery Division of Ten- 
nessee for many years, and v^^as among the most promi- 
nent citizens of East Tennessee. He has been dead 
(1902) a number of years. 

Upon the death of Colonel Smith, Colonel R. R. But- 
ler's recruits were attached to the Regiment and he was 
commissioned and mustered as Lieutenant-Colonel. The 
number of the Regiment was changed to the Thirteenth. 

The following are the names and rank of the officers of 
the Field and Staf¥ of the Thirteenth Regiment of Ten- 
nessee Volunteer Cavalry, mustered into the service of 
the United States at Strawberry Plains, Tennessee, by 
Captain Ogden, U. S. Mustering Officer, to date from 
October 28, 1863, ^"^ to serve three years, or during the 


John K. Miller, Colonel. 
Roderick R. Butler, Lieutenant-Colonel. 
James W. M. Grayson, Major. 
Brazillias P. Stacy, Adjutant. 
James H. Conkling, Quartermaster. 
Joel H. Williams, Commissary. 
William H. Matlock, Surgeon. 
James M. Cameron, Asst. Surgeon. 
Alfred T. Donnelly, Sergeant-Major, 
Charles Lefler, Commissary Sergeant. 
Larkin P. Blackburn, Hospital Steward. 
Oliver C. Butler, Saddler Sergeant. 
Jordan J. Heck, Blacksmith Sergeant. 


At this time few of the companies had a sufficient num- 
ber of men to entitle them to a full complement of officers, 
hence the Regiment was not fully organized until it 
reached Camp Nelson, Ky. The names of the company 
officers with rank and date of muster will appear with 
the rolls of the companies. 

Our officers and men were ignorant of the arts of 
war, and knew very little about military rules and disci- 
pline. A few were elected to office under the impression 
that having attended the old militia musters they might 
be useful in drilling the men, but the tactics used in the 
old muster days were now out of date, and antiquated, 
and these men were found to be not only useless as drill- 
masters, but found it most difficult to acquire the new 
methods of drill laid down in the modern tactics. There 
were a few men with us, however, who had seen service 
and were very useful at this time. Among these men 
were Patrick F. Dyer, who had been captured at the first 
battle of Bull's Run, taken to Saulsbury prison and made 
his escape into East Tennessee just before the organiza- 
tion of the Regiment. 

Col. John K. Miller, who had always been a civilian, 
and was therefore inexperienced in military affairs, upon, 
the recommendation of Gen. Samuel P. Carter, ap- 
pointed as his Adjutant B. P. Stacy, who had seen service 
ji.- Sergeant-Ma jor of the 7th Ohio Cavalry. Adjutant 
Stacy joined us at Strawberry Plains and proved a most 
gallant and efficient officer, as will appear later on. 

The Regiment made some progress in drill and disci- 
pline while at the Plains, and the verdancy that charac- 
terizes the new recruits began to wear off to some extent. 

An extended notice of the death of Col. A. D. Smith 
will appear among the "Sketches of Officers" in another 
chapter. Other deaths in the Regiment at Strawberry 
Plains were privates David N. Gourley and James 
Williams. The latter assisted in burning the bridge at 
Zollicoffer. Both were brave boys and were the first of 
the Regiment to die. 

Gen. Burnside fell back to Knoxville and besran to 


make preparations for the defense of the city, which was 
th.reatened by Gen. Longstreet. There were no Federal 
troops east of us now, placing us in an extremely serious 
situation. After some fighting at Kingston and Camp- 
bell's Station Burnside fell back to Knoxville, and Long- 
street, following, invested the city. We were only i8 
miles distant, and a small force either from Longstreet's 
army, or any rebel force that might come from the east 
were liable to capture us at any moment. Being practic- 
ally unarmed we were in no condition to defend ourselves 
against any armed force, however small. 

In this dilemma several days passed, leaving us in great 
suspense, knowing if we were captured most of us having 
been conscripted would be treated as deserters from the 
Confederate army. 

Col. Miller, appreciating the danger of the situation, 
called a council of the officers and it was determined to 
send a detachment of men through Gen. Longstreet's 
hues to Knoxville to advise Gen. Burnside of the 
situation, and ask for instructions and orders. Volun- 
teers were called for and a number of men readily as- 
sented to make the dangerous trip. Lieut. D. B. Jenkins, 
of Company C, and Lieut. B. F. Ferguson, of Company 
F, volunteered to lead the detachment. This detachment, 
numbering about 20 men, left Strawberry Plains about 
4 o'clock p. m. on the 21st of November and made its 
way down the Holston river, reaching the vicinity of the 
enemies' lines at a point four miles east of Knoxville. 
Lieuts. Jenkins and Ferguson ascertained from Union 
people in the vicinity the position of the enemy, and se- 
lecting the weakest point in his line charged the position 
and succeeded in reaching the city, and reported to Gen. 
Burnside. Receiving instructions these men again made 
their way through the enemies' lines back to Strawberry 
Plains, arriving there in safety at 11 o'clock P. M. on the 
same day. 

Gen. Burnsides gave Col. Miller instructions to either 
make his way to Knoxville, or take the Regiment to 
Camp Nelson, Ky., by way of the Cumberland Gap. 


Knoxville was now closely invested, and the Federal 
army reduced to short rations. On the one hand, the 
possibility of being captured in the attempt to reach Knox- 
ville and our men, most of whom had been conscripted in 
the Confederate army, treated as deserters, or, escaping 
this contingency, Knoxville itself falling into the hands 
of the enemy. On the other hand we were illy prepared 
to make the long journey to Kentucky in the cold 
weather, now approaching, most of us on foot, poorly clad 
and without tents or other protection from the cold. 

After some discussion is was at length decided to make 
our way to Camp Nelson. Rev. \Vm. Rogers, of Knox- 
ville, an ex-chaplain of the Mexican War and a Union 
man of unquestioned courage, was sent out with Lieut. 
Jenkins to pilot us into Knoxville, and when we decided 
to go to Camp Nelson he went with us as far as New 
Market, Tenn. We left Strawberry Plains about 12 m. 
o'clock on the night of November 21, 1863, carrying with 
us our few effects — some on foot, others on horseback — 
and began the toilsome march of 170 miles over rough 
roads, across rugged mountains, through mud and rivers 
and streams and without rations or any adequate protec- 
tion from the weather. 



March to Camp Nelson. — Without Shelter or Rations. — 
Much Suffering and Hardships on the Way — Mid-Winter. — 
Cold and Rain and Snow. — Towns Passed Through — Incidents 
on the Way. — Our Appearance. 

After leaving Strawberry Plains at night, we reached 
Newmarket, Tenn., early on the morning of the 22d, got 
breakfast, and crossing the Holston river at Nancy's 
Ferry, proceeded to Bean's Station, where we arrived that 
evening. Here we learned that Gen. Wilcox, who was 
guarding the Cun?berland Gap with a brigade of Indiana 
troops, had blockaded the road through the Gap of Clinch 
Mountain. We rested here and procured some food for 
the men and feed for the horses. Sending the mounted 
men and wagon-train under Lieut. Ferguson via Powder 
Spring Gap, the remainder passed around the blockade, 
crossed the Clinch mountain and Clinch river and halted 
four miles from Tazewell, Tenn. Here we procured some 
supplies and moved up to Tazewell, where we camped 
for the night, the 23d of November. 

On the 24th we reached the highest elevation of the 
Cumberland Gap, where we remained all night without 
food. Here a stone was pointed out that was said to 
mark the place where the three States — Tennessee, Ken- 
tucky and Virginia — touched each other. Leaving here 
on the morning of the 25th we marched all day in a cold, 
drizzling rain, wading streams, with nothing to eat, cold, 
wet, hungry and tired, we reached the Cumberland river, 
crossed at Cumberland Ford, and went into camp. It 
was still raining, and the men sought shelter under the 
projections of ledges of rocks, and having procured 
scanty rations of corn-meal and pork, baked bread on flat 
rocks, or fried the dough in grease and ate it with much 


relish, only regretting they did not have more of it. We 
resuftied our journey the next morning, marching a few 
miles to an old mill where we secured a further supply of 
corn-meal and finished our breakfast, moving in the after- 
noon to within a few miles of Barboursville, Ky., where 
we remained over night, still subsisting mostly on corn- 
meal. This road had recently been traveled over by Burn- 
side's army, and stripped of everything for several miles 
on each side of the road. On the 27th we straggled into 
Barboursville, where we drew bread and meat and fared 
sumptuously. We were joined at this place bv our horse- 
men and wagon-train. Quite a number of our men had 
taken sick from the exposure of the march. They were 
^juartered in an old building and cared for as well as pos- 
sible. In the night this building caught fire, creating 
some alarm and excitement, but the flames were ex- 
tinguished without serious results. 

Leaving Barboursville the 28th nothing occurred of in- 
terest on that day, or until we reached Camp Pitman, in a 
snow-storm, on the evening of the 29th and went into 
camp in an old field full of dead trees, which the men 
tegan to cut down for fire-wood It must be remembered 
we were without tents and poorly clad, and only such 
blankets as we had brought with us from home. After 
cooking our suppers, and weary from long marching, 
the wet ground offered poor accommodation for a night's 
repose ; and from appearances our covering was to be "the 
beautiful snow." However, we divided into quartettes 
and prepared to make the best of our unpromising situa- 
tion. Some one suggested that we try the "Buntin Plan," 
and explained that Buntin had been a great bear hunter, 
and in bad weather would build a fire before night to dry 
and warm the ground, then move the fire and make his 
l3ed where the fire had been. So our party fell into the 
plan, removed our fire some distance, scraped away the 
coals and ashes, then spread down our blankets, removed 
our coats for pillows, and lying down with other blankets 
over us, soon went to sleep. We slept soundly for 
awhile, but waking up in the middle of the night we 


found the steam from the hot ground had given U5 a 
"Quaker bath." Our clothes were wringing wet. There 
was nothing left us now but to get up and shiver around 
the fire, turning first one side and then the other, while 
the cold wind pierced us through and through. The 
mistake we made was that the fire should have been re- 
moved long enough to give the hot steam time to escape 
before lying down. We long remembered our experience 
with the "Buntin plan," but never repeated the experi- 

We left Camp Pitman the next morning, November 
30th, crossed Wild Cat Mountain and the river of the 
same ferocious name. Roads were terrible, and the dead 
mules left by Burnside's wagon-train were innumerable; 
for miles we were not out of sight of their carcasses. 
These were the first dead mules some of us had ever seen,, 
and we had thought these long-eared quadrupeds were 
almost immortal. 

The following day, December i, we reached Mount 
Vernon, Ky., and on December 2d the Crab Orchard, a 
very pretty little town. Some of us when approaching 
this place thought of the section of country in Carter 
county bearing that euphonious name. Here we pro- 
cured supplies and rested for the night. The 3d we 
reached Lancaster, Ky., where we met Lieut. D. P. Wil- 
cox, of the 2d Tennessee Mounted Infantry, who had 
been severely wounded at Mill Springs, Ky., and was 
now, with his family, living temporarily at Lancaster. 
We finally reached Camp Nelson on the 4th day of De- 
cember, 1863. This was indeed a haven of rest to weary 
pilgrims. On our march some of our men had to be left 
on the way sick, one or two never to join us again. Many 
took sick at Camp Nelson after this mid-winter march. 
Here we hastened to build Winter quarters, drew rations 
regularly and were paid for two months service, and 
twenty-five dollars bounty. Our condition was now 
comparatively pleasant. Our greatest anxiety was for 
our folks at home. Knowing that Longstreet was winter- 
ing in East Tennessee with his large army, and that our 


people were still being harassed by the rebel soldiers — 
knowing too, that they were deprived of all the luxuries^ 
and many of what was considered the necessaries of life, 
we could scarcely see how they would get through this 
dreadful Winter. But for this we would have been com- 
paratively happy. 

The 4th Tennessee Infantry was at Camp Nelson, and 
among them we found many Carter and Johnson county 
friends which was a source of great pleasure to us. 
Among these were L. F. Hyder, D. A. Taylor, F. S. 
Singletary. Allan I'levins and many other Carter county 

The cold New Year's day of 1864, long remembered 
as the coldest day ever known in that climate, found us 
snugly ensconced in our winter quarters, but the cold 
was so extreme that all suffered, more or less ; and it was 
reported that a number of men, teamsters and others, who 
were out in the rain the previous day, froze to death that 

One sad incident occurred in our camp. Major Mc- 
Clellan, of Greene county, Tenn., who had been trying to 
effect an arrangement to secure a position in our Regi- 
ment, had put up a tent and he and his son, Oliver, occu- 
pied it. The Major had left a few days before on re- 
cruiting, or other service, leaving the young man to oc- 
cupy the tent alone on the cold night of January ist. In 
the night the young man, Oliver McClellan, awoke almost 
frozen and went to Lieut. Conkling's tent. Doctor Cam- 
eron administered stimulants and sent him to the hospital, 
and tried in every way to save him, but he died during 
the next day. He was a bright, intelligent youth, 16 or 
17 years old. His sad death, away from home and 
friends, was much regretted. 



At Camp Nelson — Major Doughty's Detachment Joins the 
Regiment — Cold New Year's Day. — Oliver McClellan and 
Others Frozen to Death. — Riginient Clothed. — Mounted, 
Fully Equipped and Paid Off. — Improved Appearance of Offi- 
cers and Men. — Death of Capt. Luttrell. — Ordered to Nash- 
ville. — Fight Guerrillas Through Kentucky. — Arrival at Nash- 

Soon after our arrival at Camp Nelson, Captain George 
W. Doughty, Henry M. Walker and James N. Freels ar- 
rived at that place with about 150 men that had been re- 
cruited for the 17th Tennessee Cavalry by Col. James A. 
Doughty, who had been authorized to recruit a regiment 
of cavalry, but did not succeed in enlisting a sufficient 
number of men. Captain George W. Doughty, Henry M. 
Walker and James N. Freels (the two latter not yet com- 
missioned) with their men, had rendered valuable service 
in securing forage for Gen. Burnside's army and floating 
it down the river to Knoxville for its relief. 

The Thirteenth Tennessee Cavalry did not yet have the 
requisite number of men to complete its organization. 
Negotiations were entered into by which this detachment 
was attached to the Thirteenth, giving Captain Doughty 
the position of Major of the First Battalion, H. M. 
Walker ist Lieutenant of Company K, and James N. 
Freels 2d Lieutenant of Company H. 

The Regiment being entitled to whatever credit is due 
this detachment for services rendered, we insert here an 
account of this service for which Captain Doughty re- 
ceived complimentary notice from General Burnside. 

George W. Doughty is a native of East Tennessee, but 
resided several years in Gordon county, Georgia, prior 
to 1 86 1, and was living there at the beginning of the 
Civil War. He had the distinction of being the only man 
from his adopted county in the Federal army. 


Between July and September, 1863, he recruited a 
company of about sixty men for the 17th Tennessee Cav- 
alry, U. S. A., at Glasgow, Kentucky. He took his re- 
cruits to Nicholasville, Kentucky, when, after much diffi- 
culty and expense of a trip to Cincinnati, he succeeded 
in getting mustered as Lieutenant. 

By skillful management he finally obtained arms and 
equipments and secured horses to mount his company. 
He at once started for Knoxville. Tennessee, by way of 
Cumberland Gap. On the way he recruited enough men 
to complete his company, and at Knoxville was com- 
missioned Captain by Governor Johnson and mustered 
into service with that rank. 

Many of his men had been conscripted into the Con- 
federate service, and were surrendered at the time the 
Confederate forces surrendered to General George W. 
Morgan at Cumberland Gap. These men, who proved 
to be good soldiers to the end of the war, were at first 
not disposed to enlist in the Federal army, fearing if they 
should be captured they would be shot as deserters, as had 
been done with others in like condition, who had been cap- 
tured a short time before at Rogersville, Tennessee, and 
marched out and shot down without trial. Captain 
Doughty made them a solemn promise that under no cir- 
cumstance would he ever surrender them, and this 
promise was faithfully kept, as the records of the regi- 
ment will show. It was generally understood that men 
sent out under Doughty would return if not killed, as his 
motto was, "never surrender." 

Captain Doughty with his full company of well- 
mounted men reported in person to General Burnside, just 
before the siege of Knoxville. With the assistance of 
Lieutenants Henry M. Walker and James N. Freels, he 
continued to recruit men for the 17th Cavalry until Gen- 
eral Bunrside had ordered him to send a commissioned 
officer with a strong detachment of men to guard the 
United States mails from Knoxville to Cumberland Gap. 
Lieutenant Walker was detailed for this service, with 
the greater part of the best equipped men of the company. 


leaving only a few, except new recruits, with Captain 
Doughty. With this small force he was ordered by Gen- 
eral Burnsides to go up the country, reconnoiter both 
sides of the Holston river and ascertain and report any 
movements of the enemy in that direction, as it was ex- 
pected that a small part of Longstreet's command would 
cross the Holston and French Broad rivers and come 
down on the south side of Knoxville, while -the main 
body would cross below the town and leave only a small 
force to make a feint on the north side of the city. 

Some Michigan troops with about forty flat boats were 
engaged in trying to find supplies along the Holston and 
French Broad rivers with which to feed the army at 
Knoxville, but hearing of the advance of the enemy 
towards that place, they at once abandoned their boats 
and returned to Knoxville without orders. At this time 
Captain Doughty was informed that Knoxville was com- 
pletely invested by Longstreet, that Burnside's army was 
on one-fourth rations and only enough to last a very few 
days, and if his supplies were not repletiished that he 
would be compelled to surrender. 

Captain Doughty was well-acquainted with the coun- 
try and many of the people in Knox, Jefferson and Se- 
vier Counties, and as he was averse to the surrender idea, 
at once sent couriers in all directions calling on the loyal 
people of these counties to send in, without delay, all the 
subsistence for either man or beast that could be found, 
to be loaded on boats abandoned by the Michigan troops, 
and he would send it down the river to feed Burnside's 
starving army. Captain Doughty with his handful of re- 
cruits and such old men as he could press into the service, 
at the same time guarding both sides of the river from 
expected attack of the enemy, loaded these boats with 
flour, bacon, hogs, cattle and all kinds of produce. He 
dropped the boats down the river to within a few miles 
of the enemy's picket line, and waiting until just before 
day, with one steersman to each boat, under cover of 
darkness and fog floated them silently in the middle of 
the river, and landed the boats safely at the pontoon 


Lridge within the Union hnes. It was the supplies ob- 
tained in this way that saved Burnside's army from star- 
vation or linal capitulation. Captain Doughty through 
his daring and energy and the loyal farmers of this re- 
gion should have full credit for averting this catastrophe 
to the Union cause. 

In calling on the farmers to send in everything they 
could spare, Captain Doughty pledged his honor that 
every dollar's worth of provisions loaded on the boats 
should be paid for whether it reached Knoxville or not, 
or w^hether the parties furnishing it were loyal or disloyal. 
This promise was sacredly kept, and the farmers received 
their pay. The great mystery was where all these sup- 
plies could come from, after the country was supposed 
to have been stripped of everything by the two armies. 
It appeared to come down from the heavens like the show- 
ers of manna in the wilderness. 

Captain Rule in his History of Knox County, and (in- 
cidentally the siege of Knoxville), says: "As was well 
known the object of General Longstreet was to starve 
the Union forces into a surrender, in which he certainly 
v/ould have succeeded had he been able to cut off all sup- 
plies from reaching the Fort, but large quantities of pro- 
visions were contantly sent down the Holston river from 
the vicinity of the French Broad and Holston, under 
cover of the darkness and fog. At the close of the siege 
there was within the fortifications a sufficient supply to 
last many weeks longer. These supplies were contributed 
by the loyal citizens in the immediate sections of the 
country whose loyalty to the United States Government 
never abated, and whose faithfulness saved the city and 
caused its final abandonment by the Confederate forces. 
All these provisions w-ere secured and sent down the river 
by Captain G. W. Doughty and his men who remained on 
the river during the siege." 

Speaking of the valuable services rendered by Captain 
Doughty, General Burnsides in his report of the siege 
of Knoxville says : "When the siege was raised we had 
five times as many rations as when it commenced, and 


could have held out at least a month longer !" He gives- 
great praise to Captain Doughty and his little band of 
brave men for the part they took in this desperate 

For ten days and nights the Captain and his men w^ere 
in the saddle almost without intermission. As a matter 
of fact more praise is due these men than they ever re- 
ceived, for the indomitable courage and energy they dis- 
played can only be equalled but never surpassed. 

The suggestion of a possible surrender continued to 
come from all directions, and as before stated, Captain 
Doughty had made a solemn promise to these men that 
they should never be surrendered to be shot, as they 
verily believed "without Judge or Jury." He then sent 
a dispatch to each captain of the one hundred days men, 
of whom there were several in Knox and adjoining coun- 
ties, notifying them of the situation, and his determina- 
tion to make his way through to Cumberland Gap in the 
event of Burnside's surrender, promising to take them all 
through to that place. In less than twenty-four hours 
about 400 armed men had reported to the Captain at 
Bowman's Ferry, twelve miles above Knoxville. In the 
meantime he had communicated with Col. John K. Mil- 
ler at Strawberry Plains, who was recruiting a regiment 
at that place, giving him his plans, which were approved 
and accepted by Colonel Miller, with the assurance that 
he would willingly co-operate with him. Just before the 
final attack on Fort Saunders, the Confederates con- 
ceived the idea of destroying the pontoon bridge. Avhich 
v,-as the only communication between the Union forces 
on the opposite side of the Holston river. Several hun- 
dred men were put to work on the North side of the river 
above Bowman's ferry to prepare a large loose raft of 
logs, which was designed to carry away the pontoon 
bridge and prevent communication between the Federal 
forces on opposite sides of the river, or reinforcements 
being sent from one side to the other. Captain Doughty 
from the south side of the river immediately took in the 
situation and divining their intention sent a courier with 

(See Chapter XXIX.) 


a dispatch to Captain Poe, who had charge of the bridge, 
and suggested the idea of throwing a boom just above the 
bridge to protect it from the raft. Captain Poe acted 
upon this suggestion and it saved the bridge. Captain 
Doughty watched the soldiers work "hke beavers" but 
he knew a great many of the logs would sink, as he saw 
they were green beech, oak and sycamore and thought 
the men must be from a country where it was all pine 
woods or they knew very little about rafting logs. 

General Sherman, who had been sent from Chatta- 
nooga to assist General Burnsides, was coming up in 
Longstreet's rear, which caused the Confederates to "fold 
their tents and silently steal away." 

In the latter part of December, 1863, Governor John- 
son issued an order for all the unorganized Tennessee 
recruits then in Tennessee to proceed at once to Camp 
Nelson, Kentucky, where they would be consolidated into 
regiments. Captain Doughty and his men (then a part 
of two companies) reached Camp Nelson on the last day 
of December. 1863. After some delay Captain Doughty 
and his detachment was consolidated with what was then 
the 13th Tennessee Cavalry under command of Colonel 
John K. Miller. In this consolidation what was known 
as Company A of the 17th became Company K of the 
13th, under Captain John G. Dervan, and Henry M. 
Walker, First Lieutenant. The company known as Com- 
pany B of the 17th was consolidated with Company H of 
the 13th, under Captain Landon Carter, with James N. 
FYeels as ist Lieutenant. From this time forward the 
history of this detachment is identical with the history 
of the 13th Tennessee Cavalry. 

In consideration of the valuable services previously 
rendered by Captain Doughty and the number of men 
brought to the Regiment by him, he was by unanimous 
consent promoted to Major of the ist Battalion of the 
13th Tennessee Cavalry, and being the ranking Major 
although among the youngest men of his rank in our 
command, he was by virtue of his rank frequently in 
command of the Regiment and gained the good will and 
confidence of both officers and men. 


The Regiment left Camp Nelson, Ky., on the 25th of 
January, 1864, with orders to disperse some guerrilla 
bands that had been committing depradations in some 
parts of Kentucky and Tennessee, its final destination 
being Nashville, Tenn. 

Those of the Regiment who were unable for duty 
were sent by rail to Nashville, via Lexington and Louis- 
ville, Ky., in charge of Major J. VV. M. Grayson and 
Lieutenant S. W. Scott. 

Captain R. H. Luttrell, one of our most popular and 
highly respected officers, died of pneumonia at Camp 
Nelson, January 20, 1863. Further notice of this officer 
will be found in the Sketches of Officers. 

The Regiment now presented a soldierly appearance 
and gave better promise of future usefulness. 

This, our second march, though in mid-winter, Jan- 
uary and February being considered, usually the most in- 
clement season of the year, was a pleasure-trip in com- 
parison with our march from Strawberry Plains, Tenn., 
to Camp Nelson, Ky. 

We were now well-clothed, mounted, had good blank- 
ets and received our marching orders gladly as our faces 
were turned back toward dear old Tennessee. 

We broke camp on the morning of January 25. 1864; 
and at the sound of the bugle moved out in the direction 
ol Danville, Ky., passing Camp Dick Robinson, of which 
we had heard so much, we reacli/cd Danville that evening. 

We cannot refrain from drawing a contrast with the 
Regiment as it now appeared and the forlorn aggrega- 
tion that reached Camp Nelson in December. Think 
of a lot of men straggling along the highway, illy clad, 
covered with mud, weary with marching and gaunt for 
want of food — with woe-begone countenances and no 
sound of laughter or cheer, and you have a picture of the 
embryo Regiment on its march to Camp Nelson. But 
now it was different; the men were all in new blue uni- 
forms with glittering sabres and shining carbines, with 
rosy cheeks and smiling faces and merry with songs and 


Our readers will pardon us for observing that these 
men being largely tall, young and well built mountaineers, 
now presented a fine appearance and inspired their offi- 
cers with confidence that with a little training and ex- 
perience they would be able to cope with any equal num- 
ber of men they might meet, even were they the boasted 
chivalry of the South. 

Passing through Danville on the 26th we camped near 
that town and on the 27th reached the beautiful and far- 
famed "Blue Grass" country of Kentucky and camped on 
ground where Gen. John H. Morgan's command had 
formally camped when raiding through Kentucky. We 
did not think then we would again cross the path of this 
noted Chieftain with such tragic result to him. Passing 
through Lebanon, and near Campbellsville, and Colum- 
bia, we moved on without special incidents until January 
31st, when we reached the country infested by guerrillas 
and were expecting to be fired on. We traveled all day 
ii the rain and reached Burksville, Ky., on the Cumber- 
land ri\er. and remained in camp there February ist, 
awaiting the wagon train. February 2d we were ordered 
to move early but the order was countermanded. The 
weather was very cold. The wagon train came up in the 

We moved out to the river February 3d and com- 
menced crossing in a small ferry boat only sufficient to 
carry 8 or 10 animals at a time. We worked all day this 
way, not succeeding in getting all the stock across the 
river. On the morning of the 4th a large steam ferry 
boat came down the river, followed by several small 
steamers loaded with forage and protected by gun boats. 
These were enroute for Nashville. 

The steam ferry boat took the remainder of our stock, 
and the entire Regiment, stock and wagons and all were 
across the ri\er in a few hours. 

On the 5th we marched only a few miles and camped 
on the summit of a rough ridge. 

On the 6th we moved out early ; the weather was bad 
^nd roads exceedingly rough. A detachment of 150 men 


was sent out and had a skirmish with guerrillas and found 
and destroyed a still-house. 

On February 7th the Regiment left camp at 3 A. M. ; 
it was fearfully dark that morning and we made poor 
speed — the scout joined us near the State-line where we 
went into camp. 

On the 8th of February another scout was sent out, 
and skirmished with guerrillas and burnt another place 
where they manufacture "Kentucky Bourbon." 

On February loth we moved out early, with Co. G in 
advance. We sent out a scouting party again to look for 
guerrillas. The Regiment halted about 3 P. M. and sent 
out Joseph McCloud and William A. Goodwin as advance 
guard; McCloud went into a house, some distance from 
the picket post, to get something to eat, and a guerrilla 
Clashed up, got the drop on him, made him prisoner and 
started with him to the hills. Learning of this, Captain 
Wilcox, Sergeants S. P. Angel, John M. Wilcox and 
Corporal John G. Shell started after them in hot pursuit. 
After an exciting chase the guerrilla was captured and 
McCloud re-captured, or released. The little black mare 
captured from this guerrilla was kept in the Regiment 
and rode by John C. Scott, a Carter county Union man,, 
while on a visit to the Regiment in the following sum- 
mer. Six other guerrillas were captured on this day, 
mcluding the notorious Capt Dorrity, who had com- 
mitted many depradations. There were no further in- 
cidents of note. 

The Regiment passed through Kirkville, Putnam coun- 
ty, Tennessee, Carthage, Smith county, Tenn., and cross- 
ed the Cumberland river at the latter place in steam- 
boats on February 13th, passing on through the beauti- 
ful country in Middle Tennessee, we reached Hartsville 
on the 1 6th, Gallatin on the same day and Nashville on 
the 1 8th of February. 



At Camp Gillem — Camp and Guard Duty. — Religious Ser- 
vice. — Drill and Discipline — East Tennessee Refugees — Dan 
Ellis in Camp. — Gov. Brownlow and Gen. S. P. Carter Visit 
the Regiment. — Small-pox and Measles. — Many Deaths in the 
Regiment. — Move to Camp Catlctt. — Brigade Organized. 

Arriving at Nashville about lo A. M. February i8 the 
Regiment marched through the city to Camp Gillem, lo- 
cated about one mile northwest of the city. The camp 
was named in honor of Gen. A. C. Gillem, who was to be 
closely identified with our Brigade during the continu- 
ance of the war. It was a very pretty location for a camp, 
and the officers and men went to work in good earnest 
to establish themselves in their new quarters. We found 
the detachment sent around under Major Grayson await- 
ing us here. 

On the 19th forty recruits came in from Johnson and 
Carter counties, bringing news from home and creating 
quite a stir in the Regiment. Many were old acquaint- 
ances and nearly all were known to some one of the Regi- 
ment. They brought sad tidings of suffering in these 
two counties, which was not conducive to our happiness, 
but we trusted some way would be provided for our 
friends until we could go to their relief which we hoped 
to do as soon as winter broke. 

For the next few days all were busily engaged putting 
up our big "Bell" tents, regular old ''smokers" that 
brought more tears to our eyes than all our other tribu- 
lations. Some of the men were put to work draining and 
policing the camp, while others were sent off on scouting 
expeditions. Many of the boys who had never been in a 
city began to want to see the sights, visit the theatre and 
have a good time generally. To prevent too much run- 
ning to town, as well as to enforce discipline and teach 


the men they were now soldiers, subject to the orders of 
their officers, a strict camp-guard was estabhshed and 
none were permitted to go in or out without a written 
pass in the day and the countersign at night, but they 
often managed to elude the vigilance of the guards. 

On the 23d of February R. A. Lyle, whom we have 
mentioned as having been Deputy Provost Marshal at 
Elizabethton, and had come through the lines nearly a 
year before with Dan. Ellis, visited our camps. He was 
now in Secretary of State East's ofifice. All were glad 
to see him as he had done many of us favors when pos- 
ing as a rebel provost marshal. Mr. Lyle visited our 
camps a number of times while we were at Nashville. 
At this time a great many refugees were coming into 
Nashville from all the counties of East Tennessee. Long- 
street's army had been quartered on that unhappy sec- 
tion all winter and rebel soldiers were stationed in al- 
most every village, draining the country of its scanty sup- 
plies, so that thousands had to leave the country, — men, 
women and childen. These made their way to Nashville, 
and even to the Northern border States of Ohio and In- 
diana, where they were generally charitably received by 
the sympathetic people of the North who had read and 
heard much of their sufferings. Many good families 
moved to the Western States and remained until after 
the war ; some never returned. But for the philanthropic 
people of the North, the condition of East Tennessee, de- 
plorable as it was now, and as it continued to be to the 
end of the war, would have been far worse, resulting in 
a large number falling victims to actual starvation. 

Among the L^nion men who came to Nashville from 
Carter and Johnson counties and Western North Caro- 
lina, and who were unable to remain at their homes at 
that time, and could not for various reasons join the 
army, were : John M. Smith, Hamilton C. Smith, Rich- 
ard L. Wilson (then a citizen), L. W. Fletcher, Charles 
P. Toncray, Nat. T. Williams, Rev. Mr. Van, ( a North 
Carolina Union man). Rev. Bovell, McCall, John W. 
Cameron, Dr. A. Jobe, S. A. Cunningham, Hon, N. G. 
Taylor and many others. 


These men were all received with much pleasure and 
respect on their visits to the Regiment. A number of our 
officers and men often took meals at the boarding house 
of Mrs. Fulgium, a very kind lady, who kept boarders 
at Number 31, Summer street. This place became the 
headquarters for the Johnson and Carter county refugees 
where we spent many pleasant hours with them talking 
about our friends at home. 

On the 25th of February John M. Smith, of Carter 
county, brought Andrew Campbell into our Regiment 
where he was enlisted in Co. G, Captain C. C. Wilcox's 
comj^any. Cam])bell made a fine soldier and was after- 
wards promoted to Sergeant for gallantry, and later to 
J St Lieutenant of Co. E for killing Gen. John H. Morgan 
at Greenville, Tennessee. 

On. the 26th we received news of the death of Corporal 
William T. White of Co. G, who had taken sick on the 
road during the march from Camp Xelson, but was 
brought to Nashville and put in the hospital. Corporal 
White belonged to a good Carter county family, was a 
brave, intelligent young man, and would have been one 
of our best soldiers had he lived. 

On Sunday, February 28th, the first religious service 
was held in the camp of the Regiment. Rev. J. B. Van 
preached a good sermon and the men gave him good at- 
tention. He was a refugee from North Carolina, and a 
splendid man. It was sad to one of a religious turn of 
mind to note, as a rule, how little the soldiers seemed 
to think of the great "Hereafter" when their chances 
were so many to be called before the "J^^^gment Bar" 
by sickness, accident or death upon the battlefield. 

March the ist we were engaged in making out pay- 
rolls, and on the 2d Hon. \\'. G. Brownlow and Gen. 
Samuel P. Carter visited our camps. The Regiment gave 
them a rousing reception. We felt honored by a visit 
from these two distinguished East Tennesseeans. They 
seemed much pleased with the appearance of the Regi- 
ment and complimented the officers and men upon their 
fine appearance and soldierly bearing. 


On the 3d the Regiment was paid for two months' ser- 
vice, and money was plentiful. It was to be regretted 
that many of the men parted with their money so fool- 
ishly, spending it with prodigality for needless and use- 
less things. Fakirs, gamblers and swindlers of all kind, 
swarmed about the vicinity of the camp, selling all kinds 
of trash, pistols, watches and worthless jewelry that the 
men had little use for. Some, however, took care of their 
money and sent it back to their suffering families in East 
Tennessee where it was so greatly needed. 

On Sunday, March 13th, we had our first inspection 
in this camp in the forenoon, and dress parade in the 
afternoon; this was kept up regularly thereafter as long 
as we remained in camp. 

On the 15th we had our first mounted drill. The 
soldiers were somewhat awkward, the officers as well as 
the men, and many amusing, though not serious accidents 

April 1st the boys played all sorts of pranks on each 
other, and the day was not far advanced until everybody 
knew it was "All Fools" day. 

Things passed along with the usual routine of duty 
and drill until the 7th of April, some time in the night, 
after taps had been sounded and the men had "turned 
in," the cry was heard : "Ellis has come." All turned out 
and Dan. was besieged for news and "letters from home." 
Many were gladdened by letters from dear ones, while 
others were disappointed, or received sad tidings from 

"Dan." was the guest of honor while he remained. All 
had a good word for the quiet, genial, but daring woods- 
man and pilot. Ellis always brought recruits from Carter 
and Johnson counties, — and they, too, received an ova- 
tion from the boys of the Regiment. 

Upon Ellis' returning to East Tennessee he was al- 
ways loaded with letters and packages for the folks at 

While at Nashville, the Field and Stafif of the Regi- 
ment was completed by the addition of Majors E. N. 


Underwood and J. H. Wagner, who were assigned to the 
Second and Third Battahons, respectively; all officers 
and recruits, who iiad not already mustered, were now 
mustered into service. 

At Nashville there were many cases of small-pox dur- 
ing our stay, the "Black Mariah," as the small-pox ambu- 
lance was called, came to our camp almost daily to con- 
vey patients to the hospital. The measles, too, was a 
dreaded disease and almost as fatal as small-pox. 

Believing that a removal from the city would be more 
healthy and better for the Regiment, we were ordered to 
Camp Catlett, on General Harding's farm, 9 miles from 
Nashville, on the North Western railroad. April 13th, 
1864. We reached this place in good order, and found 
a delightful place to camp near Gen. Harding's large park 
which had contained a fine collection of animals — buffalo, 
deer, and other game. There was still some of them left, 
but the park had been greatly depleted. The men were 
pleased with the new camp. They had grown tired of 
city life very soon; most of them were mountaineers, and 
as it was now Spring-time in this mild Middle Tennessee 
climate, the grass was green, the foliage putting out, and 
the birds were heralding the approach of summer with 
their songs. The men enjoyed country life much better 
than being in the city and engaged in hunting and catch- 
ing ground hogs, or woodchucks, and dug them out of 
their burrows, some times instead of getting a ground 
hog for their toil in digging, their nostrils were greeted 
with the disgusting stench of a pole-cat. But the men 
were now in much better health and spirits. 


The Brigade, composed of the 8th, 9th and 13th Ten- 
nessee Volunteer Cavalry, U. S. A., and Batteries E and 
G. of the 1st Tennessee Light Artillery. U. S. A., and 
known as the "Third Brigade. Governor's Guards," was 
now organized, and Col. John K. Miller assigned to its 
command. He named the following staff officers : Dr. Jas. 
H. Hobbs. Surgeon; Adjutant, B. P. Stacy, A. A. G., 


Lt. James H. Conkling, A. O. M., Lt. Joel H. Williams, 
A. C. S., Lt. George A. Miller, Aid-de-Camp, and Capt. 
George E. Gresham, Provost Marshal. 

Lieut. S. W. Scott, of Company G, was detailel as 
Acting Adjutant of the Thirteenth in place of Adjutaiit 

The Regiment remained at this camp from April 13th 
to May 3d. The time was spent in drill, sabre exercise, 
camp duty and grazing horses. Ofificers and men were 
frequently detailed to guard forage that was being trans- 
ported down the Cumberland river to Nashville, and for 
other purposes. 

On the 25th of April we drew sabres and carbines, and 
about the same time our horses were turned over to some 
other regiment. Our men did not like to part v/ith their 
horses as this was an indication that we were not to be or- 
dered to East Tennessee soon, as we had hoped, ana ex- 
pected to be. Our sabre exercises, which we now had 
daily, were awkward and amusing. Most of our men 
could have handled pitchforks more gracefully and to 
better advantage. Some of them were armed with the 
latter in the Carter county rebellion. 

On Sunday, May ist, we had the first Brigade inspec- 
tion, and on the 3d we struck tents, and were loaded on 
the cars for Gallatin, Tenn. Like all soldiers, we became 
restless, and were all glad to make a move of any kind. 



At Gallatin.— Lieut. -Col. Butler Resigns. — W. H. Ingerton 
Appointed Lieut. -Col. — Proves to be a Most Efficient Officer. 
Drill and Discipline. — Dan Ellis Again Visits the Regiment. 
Brings Recruits and Letters From Home. — Accounts of Dis- 
tress in East Tennessee — 4th of July at Gallatin. — Gov. John- 
son in Camp. — Regiment Again Paid Off. — Life in Camp. 
Brigade Detached for Special Service in East Tennessee. — 
Designated "Third Brigade, Governor's Guard." — Gen. Gil- 
lem. — He is Assigned to Command of the P'orces in E. Tenn. 
Gov. Johnson's Order-- — Brigade Ordered to E. Tenn. 

At Gallatin we went into camp west of the Louisville 
and Nashville railroad, where we remained a short time 
and then moved into a beautiful sugar grove near by. 

Gallatin had the appearance of having been a good 
town, and of having had a prosperous business before 
the war, and it was surrounded by fine farming lands. 
Both town and country now bore evidences of the rav- 
ages and blight of war. 

Sumner county produced some of the ablest men of 
Tennessee in the ante-bellum days. Hon. Bailey Peyton, 
one of the last Whig candidates for Governor of Tennes- 
see, resided in this county and was a visitor in our 

The town was garrisoned by the First Tennessee Light 
Artillery, Capt. Benj. Nicklin, commanding the post, 
and Lieut. J. B. Miller, of Company H, our Regiment,^ 
was detailed for duty in his office. 

May 4th, the day after we reached Gallatin, was ex- 
ceedingly hot, even for this climate, and our men who 
were accustomed to the mountain breezes could hardly 
endure this torrid weather. They were somewhat like 
the soldiers out in Arizona. It is said that a company of 
regulars were stationed on the Gila river, and the 
weather was so hot they had to go into the river during 


the day to keep from burning up. They were Spiritual- 
ists, and one of their number having died, they held a 
seance and called up their dead comrade. He answered 
promptly and told them "to send him his blankets, — it's 
cold down here to what it is in Arizona." Our men did 
not express themselves just that way but it meant about 
the same. We leave our readers to guess what they said. 

We presume the object in bringing the Regmient to 
this place was to guard the L. &. N. railroad, and later to 
mount it from some fine horses that were still left in 
Sumner county. 

Company G was detached and sent to South Tunnel, 
a few miles north of Gallatin, on the L. & N. railroad. 
I'here was a stockade and look-out there. The company 
found nice quarters that had been provided with con- 
veniences by a regiment of German Pennsylvanians that 
had previously occupied the place. 

On the 5th of May there was a collision, about day- 
r.ght, between a freight, or mixed train, going north, 
and a train carrying the loth Indiana Cavalry to the 
front. It was a head-end collision and occurred just at 
the mouth of the Tunnel, resulting in a general wreck in 
which a number of the soldiers were killed and wounded. 
The engineer of one of the trains jumoed from his en- 
gine and ran through a field. He was fired at by the 
soldiers who suspected he was a rebel sympathizer and 
had caused the collision on purpose. 

There were many pretty girls at Gallatin, but they 
were at first disposed to ignore the "blue coats," but soon 
became quite friendly, and it was not long until "Every 
laddie had his lassie." Strawberries and ice cream were 
plentiful and the boys took their best girls to the ice cream 
parlors and they were soon on excellent terms. 

There was a "Contraband Camp" at Gallatin and it 
looked as if all the colored people in the country had 
gathered there. The Northern soldiers, who had pre- 
ceded us at this place, had made the "colored man and 
brother" think he was the whole thing. When we first 
went there our men had to give the pavement to these 


'"Contrabands," who did not seem to think they had any- 
thing to do but parade the sidewalks. Our men soon 
conchided they needed good strong walking sticks. Pro- 
vided with these the colored gentry soon found it con- 
venient to vacate the walk in ample time when he saw a 
"Thirteenth" soldier approaching. These mountaineers 
had known the colored man only as a slave and had lost 
little sleep over him in any way; they were not fighting 
tc free the slave but to restore the Union. He might be 
free for all they cared, but his place was not in front; 
he must "go way back and sit down," and not be "sassy." 
May 6th Dan Ellis came to us again with lOO recruits. 
Another big time reading letters from home, but many 
of them were sad. Things had been growing from bad 
to worse in Carter and Johnson counties. The Confed- 
erate soldiers were absorbing what little the people had 
to live on. 

How changed the scene now in Carter and Johnson 
from the happy condition we have described before the 
war ! The men had been driven from home ; the farms 
neglected, the horses stolen or taken out of the country; 
the farming implements worn out and no way to replace 
them. The burden now fell largely on the heroic women, 
the old men and childen. Even if the brave women should 
take up the plow and hoe, as they often did, they had no 
assurance the results of their labor would not be appro- 
priated by the heartless soldiery. The women did all it 
was possible to do, still dividing their scanty stores with 
those more unfortunate than themselves. It is difficult 
now to conceive how they got through the dreadful year 
of 1863. It is true that the soldiers sent back some money 
to their families, but in many cases their houses were 
robbed and this taken from them ; besides everything was 
so scarce and so exorbitantly high that a small amount 
of money did not count for much. All were now poor 
alike, those who had been accustomed to the luxuries of 
life were almost on a level w'ith the poorest class. Know- 
ing that this condition of things existed at home our men 
were much depressed, and were eager for orders to go to 


the relief of their famihes. It was said that many, brood- 
ing over the condition of their families, died of home- 
sickness, with no symptoms of any malady or disease. 

On May i6th all our recruits were mustered into ser- 
vice, and May 21st Lieut. Col. R. R. Butler having re- 
signed on the nth of May, Lieut. Col, W. H. Ingerton, 
who had been appointed to fill the vacancy, arrived at 
(iallatin and issued an order assuming command of the 

Col. Ingerton had been a Lieutenant in the 4th Regular 
U. S. Cavalry, and served on the staff of Gen. W. Sooy 
Smith in his Mississippi campaign. He was a model 
-officer and had had many years' experience in the Regu- 
lar Army, and in the field, since the beginning of the 
civil war. He was a thorough disciplinarian, the man of 
all others needed to make the Regiment one of the best 
in the service. But there was, at that time, a great preju- 
dice in the minds of our officers and men against serving 
under a regular army officer; and especially having him 
l)romoted over our own native officers that we had known 
all our lives. Much feeling was aroused in the Regi- 
ment, and violence was threatened if Ingerton remained. 
Col. Ingerton kept cool and told the officers they had the 
material for a fine Regiment ; that he had been in the 
army for a number of years and flattered himself he 
could be useful to the officers and men. He said he did 
not desire to remain with them if it was not satisfactory, 
and made a proposition to the officers that he would re- 
main a month, and if at the end of that time he was not 
satisfactory to. them he would resign. Some few of the 
officers, among whom were Major Doughty, who was 
liimself in line of promotion to the Lt. Colonelcy, believed 
we needed an experienced commanding officer now that 
we were about to take the field, and favored the retention 
of Ingerton. He at once addressed himself to drilling 
and disciplining the Regiment ; all recognized his ability 
and nothing further was ever heard of his resigning. 

Col. Ingerton soon won the confidence of officers and 
men ; and though he was untiring in drill and discipline. 


and some times harsh in deahng with negHgent, or inef- 
ficent officers and men, he won the admiration and af- 
fection of the Regiment. 

The month of May, and up to the 13th of June, was 
spent in the sugar grove. Many of the men were sick and 
in the hospital. The sickness was attributed to the un- 
healthy location, it being low ground and densely shaded 
by the sugar trees. It was decided to move the camp to 
a place about one mile east of town. Here we had a nice 
camp on rolling ground so that it was easily drained. 
Col. Ingerton had the frame of an old building covered 
with tarpaulins and called it "West Point." He had the 
Army Regulations and Tactics placed in the hands of the 
officers and they were required to study them and make 
daily recitations. Drill and sabre practice was constantly 
going on, with dress-parades in the evening and inspec- 
tion every Sunday. 

Every Sunday morning the men were formed in front 
of their companies; Col. Ingerton, in uniform and white 
gloves, passed down each line, received his gun from each 
soldier, passed his hand along the barrel and lock, glanced 
at his glove, and if soiled the gun was tossed back to the 
soldier with some force and he was ordered to his quar- 
ters to spend an hour cleaning it. When the soldier's gun 
did not soil the Colonel's gloves he pitched it back to him 
gently, with a kind word or encouraging smile, and 
passed on down the line. The Colonel being a regular 
nrniv man. and accustomed to the strictest discipline, had 
no patience with those who failed to keep themselves tidy, 
their arms in good condition, or violated military rules, 
— whether officers or men. At guard mount every morn- 
ing, four extra guards were detailed and the Adjutant 
was instructed to select two of the neatest, tidiest soldiers 
among the guards and give one of them a pass for 24 
hours, and appoint the other one orderly for the day, in- 
stead of putting them on guard duty. The two who pre- 
sented the most untidy appearance and had the dirtiest 
arms were ordered to the disagreeable duty of cleaning 
the horse-lines. This method materially improved the 


appearance of the men — especially at guard-mount. While 
here two soldiers who had been caught stealing were 
marched through the camp with the word ''Thief" in 
large letters pinned on each of their backs. Other minor 
offenses were punished by the offenders being "tied up 
by the thumb ;" or made to dig holes to bury dead horses. 
One negro who had committed some heinous offense 
was punished in this way : The guard made him lie down 
on his back, tied ropes around his wrists and ankles, and 
stretching his legs and hands as far apart as possible, 
staked him to the ground where he had to remain two 
hours, with the hot sun broiling down in his face. This 
looked cruel, but the crime was unmentionable. 

Rebel guerrillas were frequently seen, and heard of, 
in the vicinity of Gallatin, and it was not safe for one 
or two soldiers to venture far into the country alone. 
Some of our men were fired on and one or two wounded, 
and various depredations were committed. Major 
Doughty was sent out with a detachment with orders if 
any guerrillas were found with arms not to make any re- 
port when he returned. 

We give below a summary of the Major's report — the 
first and only one he ever made of this trip as far as we 


Many thrilling incidents might be given where, during 
the Civil War, the diplomacy of Tennesseeans did much 
towards overcoming obstacles that the pursuasive influ- 
ence of physical force could never reach. 

During the spring of 1864, while our Brigade was en- 
camped at Gallatin, Tennessee, there was a band of guer- 
rillas along the Louisville & Nashville railroad, known 
as "Harpers' Gang," ostensibly commanded by. one Ellis 
Harper (now Col. Harper, a respected citizen of Car- 
thage). The principle pastime of this band seemed to 
be to wreck and rob trains on the railroad, regardless of 
who was killed, whether friends or foes, and carrying 
their booty back into the interior, where they had ter- 

(See Chapter XXIX.) 

(See page 284.) 


rorized the people into complete acknowledgment of 
their absolute sovereignty; in fact their sway had reached 
for many miles around in all directions. 

General Payne, who had preceded us in command at 
Gallatin, had issued proclamations and ultimatums, and 
sent them out broadcast until it had become an "old 
song." Capt. Nicklin commanding a battery at Galla- 
tin, thought he could go out and "shell the woods," and 
thus scare everybody into submission. Accordingly, with 
a regular outfit of warlike paraphernalia, he made the 
start, but had not gone far before he found out he had 
probably ''bit off more than he could chew," and instead 
of checking the enemy, he did not even take time to 
"check" himself, until he was safe inside of the Fort. As 
a matter of fact his brilliant campaign ended in a com- 
plete rout with the "Gang" close at his heels. 

Finally the wrecking of trains and consequent killing 
01" soldiers on the railroad became so notorious that Gov- 
ernor Johnson sent Adjutant General Gillem to Gallatin, 
with orders to have that county cleared of guerrillas, "no 
«dds what means were used to do it," and if his Tennes- 
see troops could not do it, he would have to "call on the 
War Department to send troops that could." After a 
lengthy conference between General Gillem and Col. Mil- 
ler, commanding the Brigade, and the Regimental com- 
manders, finally the task was left to Col. Ingerton, com- 
manding the 13th, who at once sent for Major Doughty, 
commanding the ist Battalion, who was taken into the 
conference, and after being made acquainted with all 
the facts, was ordered to take "whatever force he deemed 
necessary," and to "never come back until the country 
was cleared and some assurance of safety that could be 
relied upon" for the passing trains, as this railroad was 
the only means of communication between Louisville and 

Accordingly Major Doughty selected about eighty men 
(or rather he selected the officers, and each officer selected 
his own men). His orders from Gen. Gillem, through 
Col. Ingerton, were to "clean the country," and if neces- 


sary to "burn their strong-holds and otherwise destroy 
their power" before he returned, and "not to come back 
until it was done." 

Not far from where they had just wrecked a train, and 
caused the death of sixteen Union soldiers, Major 
Doughty came to a little town in the interior, where they 
had just left; in fact it was impossible to come up with 
them except by accident, as every man, woman and child 
was on the lookout and ready to send news flying on the 
first sign of our approach. At this place he gained posi- 
tive knowledge that here they had made their headquar- 
ters, as a number of their friends and relatives lived in 
and around the village, many of whom were wealthy and 
influential citizens. In fact they had made this their place 
of general rendezvous, as well as a distributing point 
from which to send out their "plunder." One of the 
"Gang" was captured near this place, but was so badly 
wounded that it was impossible to carry him further, and 
yet not so bad but that he might soon recover and rejoin 
his more fortunate comrades at the same old business. 
So it was thought best to make an example of at least 
one to give others warning of what might be expected : 
so he was "hung on the spot." 

Now here is where Diplomacy came in, where Force 
had failed. Calling all the older citizens of the town to- 
gether, including doctors, preachers, and thi prominent 
men generally. Major Doughty told them in plain 
United States language what his orders were, and further 
supplemented his explanation with the information that 
the "business simply had to stop," if it took a division of 
men to do it, and that while under his orders, he was 
expected to lay waste their town and country, and take 
every man he found to Gallatin; yet he was confident, 
from his knowledge of their influence, and their direct 
intimacy with these men, they could stop it if they would ; 
if not, and he failed to accomplish what he was sent to 
do, that the next man that came would simply "clean out 
the cane-brake." 

After a prolonged conference with each other (in pri- 


vate) they agreed to his proposition, and pledged not 
only their word and honor, but their lives and property, 
that such a thing should never occur again, and it never 

In leaving the town, Major Doughty, after paying for 
everything his men and horses had eaten, as a parting 
order, enjoined these men to bury the man that was hung 
decently; also to make up $500.00 and give to the man's 
widow, and to see that she was well cared for until the 
war was over, which, it was learned afterwards, they did 
to the letter. This ended one of the most troublesome ob- 
stacles that was probably ever overcome with the loss of 
only one life. Major Doughty to this day considers this 
one of the greatest victories won by Tennessee soldiers. 

R. H. M. Donnelly, of Company D, then Captain, was 
along with this expedition and took a hand in the pro- 
ceedings as he always did when there was an enemy in 
sight, whether the enemy was a guerrilla or plain "John- 
nie Reb." 

The Regiment was paid off the 226. of June, and the 
usual number of fakirs and peddlers made their appear- 
ance to relieve the soldiers of their money. Col. Inger- 
ton, learning that a Dr. Greene was in camp filing the 
enamel off the soldiers' teeth under the pretense of clean- 
ing them, and charging them a big price for ruining them, 
ordered him out of camp. 

A Jew peddler also came in and sold the men several 
hundred dollars' worth of worthless jewelry. The Col- 
onel, learning this after the Jew had gone, sent Lt. B. A. 
Miller and another officer to follow him, and if found, 
bring him back to camp. In the meantime the Orderly 
Sergeant of each company was directed to gather up the 
jewelry and make out a list of the amount paid for it. 
Lieut. Miller found the Jew at the hotel eating dinner, 
and when he came out arrested him, brought him back 
to camp, and made him take back the jewelry and pay 
back the money. The Jew was then released but said he 
liad been robbed, and indulged in some ugly talk. He 
Avas again arre.-ted and placed in charge of a corporal 


and guard, armed with a pick and shovel, and put to dig- 
ging a hole in the ground. The sun was at its zenith and 
poured its rays down on the toiling Jew unmercifully. 
Unused to manual labor his hands were blistered and his 
clothing soon saturated with perspiration. After two 
hours labor he was released. Jiis tongue was silent but 
his countenance betrayed " a pent up Utica." We heard 
no more of Jews or fakirs in the Regiment. 

On the 25th of June Charles P. Toncray, one of the 
leading loyalists of Carter county, who had been a dele- 
gate to the Greeneville convention, visited the Regiment. 
"Charley," as he was familiarly known, was a genial 
gentleman, well known in the Regiment, and was given 
a hearty welcome by the Carter and Johnson boys. Mr. 
Toncray, though he did not join the army, was a staunch 
Union man and a loyal friend to the soldiers and their 
families, and perhaps did more for the cause than he could 
have done in the army. He afterwards spent much time 
with the Regiment and was always regarded as one of 
the "boys." Being "foot-loose" he could keep an eye on 
the progress of events in Carter and Johnson counties, 
and do much valuable and kindly service for. the soldiers. 
His two brothers, William J. and Capt. A. R. P. Ton- 
cray did good service in their respective regiments, the 
2d and loth Tennessee Infantry. We were the honored 
guests of Mr. Toncray and his most amiable wife during 
their temporary residence in Knoxville in 1864. We 
are pleased to note they are still living and enjoying life 
at their comfortable home at "Toncray's Spring," near 
Elizabethton, Tenn. 

On the 26th of June Dan. Ellis visited us again, bring- 
ing recruits and letters. It is needless to say he always 
received an ovation. The President himself would not 
have been so warmly welcomed. It meant news from the 
dear ones at home, though the news was often sad, yet 
silence and suspense was almost unendurable. We think 
it was at this time that Capt. Landon Carter received the 
news of the death of his wife. It was sad, indeed, to 
witness his grief. He was silent, but the tears streamed 


down his face, and his strong frame trembled with emo- 
tion. Others received sad news of distress at home. 

The Regiment was now ordered to be remounted by- 
impressing horses from the citizens of Sumner 3">d ad- 
joining counties, most of whom were disloyal They 
were given vouchers marked "loyal," or "disloyal," as the 
case might be, usually the latter. Dates were made for 
the people to come to Gallatin to attend to the valua- 
tion of their horses by the Quartermaster, and receive 
their vouchers. On those days the town was thronged 
with people. Many elderly men visited our camp, some 
well dressed and sporting "bay-windows" and gold- 
headed canes — mementos of better and happier days. 
They made all sorts of importunities for the return of 
their horses, but in vain. Col. Ingerton usually dismissed 
them summarily, telling them they were the class of men 
that had brought on all this trouble by their disloyalty. 
They had "sown the wind and were now reaping the 
whirlwind." Other poor men came, stating that their 
liorses w^ere their only dependence to keep their families 
from starvation. Col. Ingerton listened to these with 
patience and often used his influence to have their 
horses returned, especially when they were not very valu- 
able for military service. He was always kind to the 
lower classes and the more ignorant, who were rebels, 
saying they had been deluded by the richer and more in- 
fluential men. We regret to say this was the exception 
to the rule with United States officers. They toadied 
to the wealthy who were responsible for the war, and 
were wined and dined by them, while they often treated 
the poor with incivility and needless cruelty. 

On the morning of July 4th "boots and saddles" was 
sounded, then "assembly" and "mount." in quick suc- 
cession. The Regiment was soon in line, and then in 
column dashed off through Gallatin, and out on the pike 
to the river. The citizens of the town were frightened, 
thinking it was going out to meet the enemy, and a battle 
was imminent, but it was only a ruse of the Colonel's to 
see how promptly the Regiment could be gotten out in 
case of need. 


A piece of artillery was moved up to the Public Square 
and salutes fired in honor of the "Glorious Fourth." 
Dress parade in the evening closed the day's doings. 
From this time forward no time was lost in drilling the 
Regiment, both mounted and on foot. Ditches were 
dug and officers and men were required to train their 
horses to jump ditches, logs and fences, charge up and 
down steep hills, and handle their horses skillfully. It 
was now considered a disgrace for an officer to get "un- 
horsed," and it required "a basket of champagne" to re- 
move the stigma. About that time the officers who were 
awkward in handling their men received sharp rebukes, 
and often lectures, from the Lt. -Colonel ; most of them 
took it all in good part and tried to do better, while a few 
"sulked in their tents." 

It was about that time that a soldier was drowned in 
the Cumberland river while bathing. A piece of artillery 
was taken out and fired over the water to raise his body, 
but without avail. 

The Regiment was sent out to the river frequently to 
water and swim the horses and for the men to take a 
bath themselves. 

About the 15th of July rumors were rife that the Regi- 
ment would soon be ordered to East Tennessee. This 
was cheering news and all hoped it would prove true. 

On the 19th Gov. Andrew Johnson made a speech to 
the Brigade. All had the highest respect for our "War 
Governor," and many prize the parchment bearing his 
signature that we still retain, which reads : "Reposing 
special trust and confidence in the patriotism, valor, fidel- 
ity and ability of (name of officer) we hereby appoint 
him," to whatever office or rank the party receiving this 
commission attained. We did not think then this signa- 
ture was that of a future President. 

On the 26th a ball was given to the officers in honor 
of their early departure for the front, at the post head- 
quarters. It was largely attended, and the officers with 
some of Gallatin's fair daughters moved in the graceful 
quadrlle, or whirled in the dizzy waltz till the "wee sma' 
hours" bade them seek their quarters. 


On the 24ih the train bearing the remains of Gen. 
McPherson, who was killed near Atlanta, Ga., passed 
over the railroad. A squad of soldiers fired a salute of 
honor over the passing train that bore all that remained 
of this splendid officer who had given another grand life 
for his country. 

August 1st Co. G was called in from South Tunnel, 
and with Company I, was ordered to move out to Lebanon 
tc await the Regiment. 

On this date Governor Johnson issued the following 
order : 

State of Tennessee, Executive Department- 
Nashville, Tenn., August ist, 1864. 

Ordered i. That Gen. A. C. Gillem, Adjutant-General of Ten- 
nessee, be assigned to the command of the troops known as the 
"Governor's Guards." 

2- That First Lieut- Ed- S. Richards is announced as Assistant 
Adjutant-General of the State of Tennessee and must be obeyed 
snd respected accordingly. Lieut. Richards will establish his office 
in this city. 

3. It is further ordered that Gen. .Mvin C. Gillem will proceed 
with the Ninth and Thirteenth Regiments of Tennessee Cavalry 
and Batteries E and G, First Tennessee Light Artillery, to East 
Tennessee, and, under such orders as he shall, from time to time, 
receive from this office, kill or drive out all bands of unlawful per- 
sons or bands which now infest that portion of the State. It is 
not to be understood that his order shall prevent Gen. Gillem, 
whenever he shall deem it fea-ible or expedient, from pursuing 
said bands of outlaws beyond the limits of the State- Gen Gillem 
is further authorized under such instructions as he shall receive 
from this office, to take such measures as are deemed expedient 
to re-establish order and enforce civil law. to which end Gen. 
Gillem will lend every assistance in his power to the regularly con- 
stituted civil authorities. All the organized regiments of Ten- 
ness troops, being raised in East Tennessee to serve one year or 
longer, will obey the orders of Gen. Gillem. who is authorized to 
organize such new regiments as may be deemed expedient. 

Officers of the Quartermaster's and Commissary Departments 
will furnish the necessary supplies upon the requisition of Gen. 

Brigadier-General and Military Governor of Tennessee. 

The following were the officers detailed to act on 
General Gillem's staff: Oliver C. French, ist Lieut, and 
A. A. Q. M.. Lieut. J. B. Carpenter, A. A. A. G., Lieuts. 
David M. Nelson. B. A. Miller and J. J. Douglas, Acting 
Aide-de-Camp, and Capt. Geo. E. Gresham, Provost 


They were all brave, courteous, and high-toned young- 
officers. Major Sterling Hambright, a dashing and pop- 
ular officer, detailed from the loth Tennessee Cavalry, 
commanded Gen. Gillem's "Body Guard." 

All was now bustle in camp, making preparations to 
start for the front. The officers and men had become 
thoroughly tired of camp life and inactivity, and wel- 
comed the news with gladness, yet there was a tinge of 
sadness common to the soldier on leaving a place where 
he has remained long enough to make friends and ac- 
quaintances. We had been kindly treated at Gallatin, 
although the citizens were solid in their sympathy for the 
South. They were a kind hearted, generous and intelli- 
gent people. Many strong attachments were formed, es- 
pecially between the young officers and the many hand- 
some young ladies ; some stronger, perhaps, than mere 
friendship. Cupid, ever busy with his "bow and arrow," 
had not been idle all the summer months. 

Lieut. J. B. Miller, who had been detailed in the Pro- 
vost Marshal's office, remained in Gallatin. Several of 
our officers who were not able for duty were left, among 
these were Capt. Fred. Slimp and Lieut. A. C. Williams, 
both of Co. F. There were also a number of men left in 
the hospital. We were sorry to leave these comrades, and 
regretted they could not accompany us on our trip to old 
East Tennessee, which we knew they would have been 
delighted to do. 

On the morning of August 4th, 1864. the Regiment 
moved out in column, — all except Companies G and I — 
that had already gone forward to Lebanon, Tenn. The 
horses were in fine condition, the uniforms clean and new, 
arms glittering in the sunshine, and colors fluttering in 
the breeze, it presented a handsome appearance. We 
were halted for a short time in town giving the officers 
and men an opportunity to say good-by to friends, or 
have a last word with the girl they were to leave behind. 
Our departure from Gallatin had more resemblance to a 
real soldier's home-leaving than anything we had known. 
About 2 p. m.. with fluttering of handkerchiefs and wav- 


ing adieus, we moved out of the little town we were not 
destined to see again as soldiers; but our memory has 
often turned back to that town with its kind-hearted, in- 
telligent people, and we trust, though regarded as "ene- 
mies," the members of the "Thirteenth" have been re- 
m>embered with more kindness than displeasure by them. 
But with them, as with us, doubtless old Father Time 
has been busy making "crows-feet," and sprinkling "sil- 
ver threads among the gold," while many have been cut 
down by his ruthless scythe. 


About this time we received the sad intelligence of the 
tragic deaths of three men connected with the Regiment, 
who were well known and highly respected. 

Rev. Bovell McCall was a citizen of Jonesboro, Tenn., 
he was a minister of the M. E. Church and a physician. 
He came to the Regiment as well as we remember at 
Nashville, and acted as Chaplain from March until some 
time in July, 1864. He made himself useful not only in 
looking after the spiritual welfare of the men but his 
medical information was also of value to them. He en- 
deared himself to the officers and men by his gentleman- 
ly and Christian character as well as his loyal sentiments. 

Lieut. R. H. Allan was a brother-in-law of Major R. 
H. M. Donnelly, and was a native of Johnson county; 
William Davis was also a native of Johnson county, and 
we understand was a Federal recruiting officer. The lat- 
ter was the son-in-law of Col. Samuel Howard of John- 
son county. 

These three men had left the Regiment at Gallatin, 
Tenn., some time in the early part of July and gone to 
visit their homes in Washington and Johnson counties, 
and were on their return to the regiment in company with 


quite a large company of Union men who were making 
their way through the rebel lines to Knoxville, when they 
were killed. We did not learn the particulars of their 
death at that time, but it was learned subsequently that 
the company of Union men had reached Seaton's Mill on 
Middle Creek, in Green county, Tenn., and while the 
main body were in concealment McCall, Allan and Davis 
went to the home of a Union man near the mill to get 
something to eat, and while it was being prepared sat 
down to rest under an apple tree. A squad of rebel 
soldiers came on to them suddenly and captured them. 
McCall had with him a field-glass which he had bor- 
rowed from Major Wagner and was accused of being a 
spy and was immediately shot. Recruiting papers were 
found on Davis' person and he was killed with bayonets. 
Allan was the last of the three killed and was tortured 
in a most shocking manner. 

He was taken to a cedar thicket and divested of his 
clothing and shot and left for dead. When found he had 
an old wool hat and had an old bed quilt around him,, 
this and the old hat had been left in exchange for his hat 
and uniform. He had been shot in the head and his skull 
broken, and had picked the bullet out of the wound 
with his fingers. He was taken to the home of a man- 
by the name of Bird where he died after suffering for 
eleven days. The remainder of the company made their 

Although McCall served in the capacity of Chaplain 
for several months his name does not appear on the rolls 
of the Regiment in the Adjutant-General's report, and 
we are not advised whether he was commissioned and not 
yet mustered or whether, being unable to remain at his 
home on account of his loyalty, like many others, took 
refuge in the army until he could return to his family. 

We have not been able to locate either Allan or Davis 
in the Adjutant-General's report but know they were well 
known in the Regiment. 

All three of these men were highly connected and brave 
and honorable as well as patriotic and loyal men. 



March Across the Mountains. — On Towards Home- — First 
Skirmish With the Enemy at Rogcrsville- — Sharp Fighting at 
Blue Springs and Greencville. — Wheeler's Cavalry. — Fight at 
Rice's Gap. — Enemy Defeated. — Col. Miller, Lt.-Col. Inger- 
ton, Lt.-Col. Brownlow, Major Newell and Lt. Patterson Com- 
plimented for Gallantry by Gen. Gillem. 

On the first day out we reached the Cumberland river^ 
73/2 miles distant from Gallatin, where we were joined 
by Companies G and I, and encamped for the night. 

On the morning of the 5th we moved out early to 
Spring Creek. The rain poured down in torrents, but 
the men were supplied with ponchos and gum coats and 
paid little heed to it. 

On the 6th we found good roads and plenty of good 
water — all seemed cheerful and happy. We crossed 
Caney Fork and encamped in a beach grove; and on the 
7th found roads rough and country broken. We camped 
that night 5 miles north of Sparta — it rained that day. 
The next day we had good roads and an abundance of 
fine water on our way to Sparta. The town had recently 
been almost completely burned out. We were joined at 
that place by the Ninth Tennessee Cavalry, Col. Joe Par- 
sons commanding, and Batteries E and G, commanded by 
Lieut. W. J. Patterson. 

We remained at Sparta all day, the loth, and at dinner 
a number of our officers enjoyed the hospitality of a rebel 
lady, sister of Gen. Dibbrill, who had two sons in the Con- 
federate army. This lady treated us with great kindness, 
asking, as the only reward, that if her sons, should fall 
into our hands w-e would treat them kindly. This was one 
of the few oases in the desert of the soldier's life in the 
field not easily forgotten. 


That night, the nth, we reached the Cumberland 
mountains, which divide the Middle from East Tennes- 
see, and encamped at a place on the mountain that had 
been a popular watering place before the war, and where 
a beautiful cascade fell over a precipice, a distance of 
fifty feet or more. We were annoyed by guerrillas who 
fired a few shots but did no damage. 

We would remark here tha4; Mrs. Col. Ingerton accom- 
panied us on this march over the mountains in a buggy. 
Adjutant Scott was her escort. She was a native of 
Oberlin, Ohio, and was highly educated and a most in- 
telligent and agreeable lady. She resided at Amarillo, 
Texas, for many years after the war. We heard .recently 
with much regret that she died in 1893 or 1894. 

On the 1 2th we were in the midst of the mountains 
where "rattlers" and "varmints" abounded. We crossed 
"Mammy's" and "Daddy's" creeks, passed through 
broken country and reached Crossville, Cumberland 
county, and on the 13th passed over the roughest roads 
yet encountered. We camped within 10 miles of Kings- 
ton, where we could get no forage. We moved early on 
the 14th and crossed the Clinch river, four miles above 
Kingston, passed through that town and encamped four 
miles east of it. There we again met with the 4th Ten- 
nessee Infantry, that regiment being on duty at that place, 
and again had the pleasure of seeing a number of old 
Carter and Johnson county friends. The roads had been 
very dusty that day, but at night we had a good rain, lay- 
ing the dust and making our march more agreeable the 
next day. 

On the 15th we reached Campbell's Station and saw a 
large brick house which had been damaged by artillery 
in the fight there, a year previous, between Gens. Burn- 
side and Longstreet, just before the siege of Knoxville. 
The lady of the house told us Gen. Burnside made his 
headquarters there during the fight, and that when forced 
to retreat, he had not been gone longer than fifteen min- 
utes when Gen. Longstreet entered the house. 

On the 1 6th we reached Knoxville and went into camp 
near the Fair Grounds, two miles east of the citv. 


We had now reached the scene which was to be that of 
our operations for some time to come. Other Tennessee 
troops were fighting the battles of our country on differ- 
ent fields, some far removed from their homes. As we 
have said the winter of 1863-4 had been one of extreme 
suffering and destitution in upper East Tennessee. That 
section had been overrun by Confederate soldiers, and 
was still occupied by them. All the troops that could be 
spared had been sent with Sherman on his great cam- 
paign through Georgia and final march to the sea. 

Our Brigade was left as the only dependence for the 
redemption and protection of the upper counties. A few 
regiments were sent to our assistance now and then. 
During our first operations the 8th Tennessee Cavalry 
was not with our Brigade, but the loth Michigan Cav- 
alry, a fine regiment, commanded by Col. L. S. Trobridge, 
took its place. 

The Confederate troops had found East Tennessee, 
with its fertile fields, a fine foraging ground, notwith- 
standing both armies had despoiled it in their marches 
back and forth, and they were determined to hold on to it 
as long as possible. For this purpose various commands 
under well tried officers occupied this field at various 
times during the summer of 1864. Among the Confed- 
erate officers that operated in upper East Tennessee at 
■4his time were, Generals Vaughn, Morgan, Wheeler, 
Duke. Jackson, Giltner, Williams and Major General 
John C. Breckenridge. In detailing the operations of the 
Brigade to which our Regiment was attached, we will 
take pleasure in mentioning, as far as we can, the services 
of other regiments, and their officers, who were associated 
with us in trying to redeem our homes. Each performed 
his duty nobly, and many brave deeds were done. In 
these campaigns, that after varying fortunes, resulted 
in the final expulsion of the enemy from East Tennes- 
see, we would say in the language of Admiral Schley: 
"There was glory enough for all." 

The one night we encamped at Knoxville we had our 
tents blown down by a rain storm. The Regiment left 


Knoxville on the 17th and moved east as far as Straw- 
berry Plains, the point we had left nine months before, 
almost to a day. We could not help but reflect what 
a change those months had brought about. 

From an unorganized mob, fleeing from the enemy, 
we were a well drilled organization, with confidence in 
our officers, and in our ability to meet any equal number 
of the enemy, however experienced, who might be found 
on our way towards our homes. 

We rested at Strawberry Plains on the i8th and on 
the following day passed through New Market and on 
to Mossy Creek (now Jefferson City), where we heard 
there was a force of rebels at Morristown. Moving for- 
ward, we reached the latter place about daylight on the 
morning of the 19th, but found no enemy. From Morris- 
town a detachment of the Thirteenth, under Col. Inger- 
ton, was sent to Rogersville, Tenn., to attack a rebel 
force at that place, the remainder of the Regiment moved 
with the Brigade as far as Lick Creek on the 20th, where 
Col. Ingerton rejoined the command. 

On the previous morning Col. Ingerton had reached 
the ford of the Holston river at McKinney's mill, 3 
miles south of Rogersville, just before daylight, captured 
the rebel pickets, hurried on into Rogersville and sur- 
prised the small rebel force there, killing several of the 
enemy and capturing 35 prisoners, among whom were 
Joseph B. Heiskell, Confederate States Congressman. 
Sergeant J. H. Pharr, of Co. A, captured a fine black, 
blaze-faced horse, belonging to Capt. Clay, of Gen. Mor- 
gan's command. Gen. Gillem rode this horse through 
the campaign in East Tennessee. 

This was the first fighting, except with guerrillas, done 
by the Regiment, but the men behaved like veterans. 
After the little brush was over the men . scattered about 
the town, hunting something to eat, when the report came 
that a considerable force of rebels was approaching from 
the east. The men were recalled and moved out in the 
direction of the enemy and formed in line. Skirmishers 
were thrown out in a corn field, but presently Col. Inger- 


ton moved towards the enemy's left, as if trying to get 
into his rear. Perceiving this the enemy retreated, when 
Ingerton, beHeving the enemy to be superior in number, 
leaving a rear guard, fell back to the river, recrossed, 
and joined the command with his prisoners. 

On the 22(1 Gen. Gillem, learning that Wheeler's Cav- 
alry was marching by way of Maryville to Dandridge, de- 
termined to turn back and attack his forces in detail, as 
they crossed the river, so our command retrograded as 
far as Russell ville. Hearing nothing further of Wheeler, 
on the 23d we moved east in the direction of Bull's Gap 

On this date the Regiment was again detached to go 
to Rogersville to attack a rebel force at that place. While 
crossing the Holston river at Cobb's Ford the Regiment 
was fired on. when the "Sharp Shooters," under Ser- 
geant Peter L. Barry, hastily reaching the bank of the 
river, went in pursuit of the pickets. Firing was soon 
heard and Capt. Wilcox of Company G was ordered for- 
ward to support the sharp shooters. Coming up we 
found that Sergeant Barry had killed one of the pickets, 
wounded another and captured the remaining one. Learn- 
ing that the rebels were located in Rice's Gap, about four 
miles distant, and having captured the pickets, a detach- 
ment was sent to the right, near the river, hoping to get 
in their rear and capture the whole force. However, the 
Regiment reached the Gap before the detachment reached 
the rear and a charge was made, led by the sharp shooters, 
supported by Capt. Northington, Co. I. The rebels were 
surprised and completely routed, killing and wounding 
thirty of the enemy without any losses on our part. The 
enemy fled in the direction of Rogersville, pursued for 
some distance by our cavalrymen. The Regiment re- 
turned to the river and went into camp for the night. 

On the 24th we crossed the river at Carmichael's. The 
river was very high but we crossed safely, and reached 
Greenville on the 25th, late at night, and rejoined the 
brigade which had been engaged with the enemy at Blue 
Springs and Greeneville. 



On the 26th the Brigade moved back to Rogersville, 
and on the 28th attempted to reach Morristown but found 
the -river too high to cross and returned to camp. It 
will be seen that our Brigade had been marching and 
countermarching, back and forth for several da5^s, al- 
most over the same ground. This was puzzling and dis- 
heartening to those who did not understand the situation. 
Our men were impatient to move towards their homes, 
and even began to distrust the officers in command, and 
believe they were trying to avoid rather than meet the 
enemy. It was learned, however, that while Gen. Mor- 
gan had a force equal to, if not superior to ours, some- 
where east of us, Gen. Wheeler with a large force of 
rebel cavalry was in our rear, and liable to cut us off 
from our base at Knoxville, and capture our entire Bri- 
gade, so it was not cowardice, but only ordinary prudence 
that had governed the movements of the Brigade which 
had appeared so mysterious. 

We will mention here that Gen. Gillem paid a high 
tribute to Col. Miller's gallantry in the fighting at Blue 
Springs and Greeneville in his official report to Governor 
Johnson, stating that "it would be great injustice not to 
call particular attention to the almost reckless gallantry 
of Col. John K. Miller, who was always in the thickest of 
the fight, inspiring his men by his own example to acts of 
gallantry." He also said : "Lieut.-Col. W. H. Ingerton 
deserves great credit for the prompt and efficient move- 
ments to the enemy's rear." In his report to the Gover- 
nor, Gen. Gillem, after complimenting the bravery of 
Col. John B. Brownlow of the Ninth Tennessee Cavalry, 
Major Newell of the loth Michigan and Lieut. W. J.. 
Fatterson of the Battery, said of the Ninth and Thir- 
teenth : "These Regiments are improving rapidly and re- 
ouire little more experience to make them excellent 

Lieut. B. A. Miller was injured near Greeneville by 
his horse falling ofif a bridge in the darkness. 

On the 30th we crossed the Holston river and en- 
camped near Russellville. A reconnoitering party was sent 

(See page 285.) 

(See page 287.) 


out under Capt. Wilcox on this date to obtain informa- 
tion as to the whereabouts of the enemy. On his arrival 
near Bull's Gap, about lo p. m., he was met by a re- 
connoitering party of the enemy about lOO strong, he im- 
mediately charged them, drove them back and held the 
Gap until the remainder of the command came up at 

On the 31st a scout going out on the road to Lick 
Creek met a flag of truce, and returned to the Gap where 
the command remained, shoeing horses, repairing wag- 
ons and getting things in order. The Adjutant of the 
Thirteenth sent in the regular monthly report of the Regi- 
ment and received a complimentary notice from Brigade 
Headquarters, it being the only report received. We re- 
mained here rather quietly until the night of September 
3d, 1864. 




Fight at Greeneville, Tenn. — Death of the Famous Raider, 
Gen. John H. Morgan. — The Facts Told by Eye-Witnesses 
and Participants in the Afifair. — Proof That Gen- Morgan Was 
Killed While Attempting to Make His Escape and While Fir- 
ing on His Pursuers.. — The Fabulous Stories That He Was 
Betrayed by a Woman and Murdered After He Had Sur- 
rendered Disproved. — Andrew Campbell His Slayer. — The 
History of the Afifair Corrected in Many Particulars. 

The particulars of the movement leading up to the 
fight at Greeneville, Tenn., and the death of Gen. John 
H. Morgan at that place on the morning of September 
4th, 1864, would necessarily occupy but small space were 
it not for his prominence, and the persistence with which 
newspaper and periodical writers, as well as historians, 
have attempted to convert this incident into fiction, al- 
most from the date of its occurrence to the present time. 
Almost every year some new version of this affair has 
appeared, each differing so materially from its predeces- 
sor as to mystify the reader and raise doubts in his mind 
as to the accuracy of any of them. 

The writers were staff officers in the Thirteenth Ten- 
nessee Cavalry, one of them Adjutant of the Regiment, 
and the other one Sergeant Major, at the time Gen. Mor- 
gan was killed. We were both present at Bull's Gap on 
the night the Regiment was ordered to Greeneville, and 
every order given by Col. Ingerton that night and dur- 
ing the operations of the next day, was transmitted to 
the officers through us or given directly to them in our 
presence. Realizing the importance of placing on record 
an accurate account of this event, and with a view of cor- 
recting the many absurd and ridiculous stories published 
concerning it, we have examined with the greatest care 


Gen. Gilleni's official report made at the time, official cor- 
respondence in regard to it, the report of Gen. Basil 
Duke, who succeeded Gen. Morgan as commander of the 
Confederate forces after the death of that officer, and 
many newspaper and magazine articles written by men 
who claimed to have participated in that affair. The most 
accurate detailed account of it we have found is that writ- 
ten by Hon. A. B. Wilson, Attorney-at-Law, and a resi- 
dent of Greeneville, Tennessee, which was recently pub- 
lished in the ''Nashville Banner" of March 20, 1902, and 
also in the "National Tribune," 

Gen. John H. Morgan, the famous Kentucky Raider, 
gained a national, and almost world-wide reputation as 
the "Marion of the South" by his raids into Kentucky, 
Indiana and Ohio. The long pursuit and his capture by 
the Federal forces and imprisonment in the Ohio peni- 
tentiary, from which he subsequently made his escape, 
are matters with which all readers of history are familiar. 
After his escape from prison he reorganized his com- 
mand and made one or two other unsuccessful raids into 
Kentucky, in which he met with disaster and defeat, and 
iL has been alleged the authorities of his Government had 
lost confidence in him, while his admirers believed he 
was the victim of envy and jealousy. While under this 
cloud, and desiring to restore himself in the favor of his 
Government, he conceived the idea of getting together 
such of his old command, "the Morgan Men," who were 
j^reatly attached to him, as were available, and such other 
forces as he could, assemble them in Southwest Virginia, 
and swoop down on Colonel Miller's Brigade, which was 
now the only defense of Upper East Tennessee, capture 
and destroy it, and menace, or possibly capture Knoxville. 
Could he have consummated these plans the country 
would have again rung with his praise, and he would 
have regained the confidence of the Confederate authori- 
ties and the plaudits of the Southern people. Had this 
expedition been successful this daring officer would no 
doubt have realized his fondest hopes and brightest 
dreams, but fate decreed otherwise. 


According to official papers captured on the morning 
of the fight at Greeneville, Gen. Morgan had at this time 
about 2,500 men making due allowance for absentees. 
They were composed of Gens. Vaughn's, Duke's, Gilt- 
ner's, A. E. Jackson's, Palmer's and Smith's brigades. 
On the day before this engagement these forces were 
scattered in various places from within a few miles of 
Greeneville to the State line at Bristol. 

Having arranged for the concentration of all these 
brigades at Greeneville for the purpose, as we have noted, 
of surprising Gen. Gillem and Col. Miller at Bull's Gap, 
or possibly having information that Miller's Brigade was 
still on the south side of the Holston river, hoped to 
reach that stronghold in advance of them. 

Whatever may have been his designs Gen. Morgan in 
person, with part of his command, left Bristol on the 
morning of September 3, 1864, and making an almost 
unprecedented march of 56 miles over very muddy and 
hilly roads, reached Greeneville about 5 p. m. that day. 
Gen. Vaughn's brigade, (commanded by another officer 
in Vaughn's absence) not having come so far, probably 
reached Greeneville at an earlier hour and passed on 
through the town and encamped at Blue Springs about 
eight miles west of Greeneville in the direction of Bull's 
Gap, where Miller's Brigade was encamped. It was evi- 
dently the intention of this brigade (Vaughn's) to await 
the remainder of Gen. Morgan's force and join them on 
the following day. One brigade was sent out on 
the Rogersville road, and strong pickets were sent out 
on all the roads leading into Greeneville over which it 
was supposed an enemy could or would attempt to reach 
the town. 

As nearly as we have been able to ascertain. Gen. 
Duke's brigade went into camp near College Hill, a short 
distance east of the town, and the artillery, six pieces 
with the caissons, was placed in position on this hill and 
near the college building. Gen. Palmer's men were south- 
east, and Jackson's northeast of the town. Quite a large 
squad of Confederate soldiers, fifty or more, had appar- 


ently come in on Main street and weary from the long 
forced march, after feeding their horses and getting 
something to eat, had tethered their horses to the fences 
and wrapping their blankets around them, laid down to 
rest and sleep in the street. 

Gen. Morgan himself, with the following staff officers, 
and others : Major Hines, Captains Clay and Rogers, Dr. 
Morgan, (a brother to the General) Lieutenant Claude 
M. Johnson, Major Gossett, (the latter not a staff offi- 
cer) and probably a number of other aides and orderlies 
and others took shelter and established headquarters in 
the spacious residence of Mrs. Williams, the building 
now known as the Morgan Inn, located near the corner 
of Church and Irish streets, Greeneville, Tenn. 

General Morgan before retiring that night had issued 
orders to his subordinate officers in regard to the opera- 
tions of the following day, and among other things had 
ordered that the company commanders have their men, 
v.hose gxuis were loaded, discharge them for fear the 
ammunition might be damp, as it had been raining. Such 
v/as the situation, as nearly as it can now be told, at 
Greeneville and Blue Springs, on the night preceding 
the death of Gen. John H. Morgan. 

At Bull's Gap, Miller's Brigade, consisting of the 
Ninth Tennessee Cavalry, commanded by Lieut.-Col. 
John B. Brownlow, the Thirteenth Tennessee Cavalry, 
commanded by Lieut.-Col. W^illiam H. Ingerton, part of 
the loth Michigan Cavalry, commanded by Major 
Newell, and two sections of the First Tennessee Light 
Artillery, comanded by Lieut. W. J. Patterson, all under 
the general command of Gen. Alvin C. Gillem, as will be 
seen by reference to Governor Johnson's order published 
m another part of this history, was lying quietly in 

The most authentic account of the manner in which 
the information was received by Gen. Gillem and Col. 
Miller that led to the night march which resulted in the 
death of Gen. Morgan, is as follows : On the evening 
of September 3d a lad about 12 or 13 years old named 


James Leady, whose parents were Union people, was sent 
from Greeneville to Capt. R. C. Carter's mill, near Blue 
Springs, with a grist of corn or wheat. As he was re- 
turning home he was stopped by some of Vaughn's 
soldiers, and his meal or flour taken from him. In- 
censed at that treatment, and being a Union boy, he made 
his way to Bull's Gap and reported to Gen. Gillem and 
Col. Miller that a Confederate force, numbering 200 or 
300 men, were encamped at Blue Springs. The boy was 
closely questioned but his information seemed to be re- 
liable. A consultation was held among the Federal offi- 
cers, and a proposition made to send a force by an un- 
frequented road to the rear of this force and move the 
remainder of the Brigade up the main road, surprise 
and capture it. It was alleged that Gen. Gillem strenu- 
ously opposed this movement as unmilitary and danger- 
ous in the extreme, and refused to take the responsibility 
of making it. But, Col. Miller, Lieut.-Col. Brownlow 
and others of the officers favoring it, and Col. Miller as- 
suming the responsibility, the movement was decided 
upon. Col. Miller went in person then to Col. Inger- 
ton's tent and explained the situation to that officer, who 
was in command of the Thirteenth Tenn. Cavalry, and 
ordered him to get out his Regiment and proceed under 
the direction of a guide, Capt. William Sizemore, who 
was well acquainted with the country, to a point a short 
distance west of Greeneville, and take position and hold 
himself in readiness to attack Gen. Vaughn's force when 
the remainder of the Brigade, which was to move up the 
State road, succeeded in dislodging and driving that 
force back on his position. It was about 10 o'clock at 
night, September 3d, and while forming the Regiment 
it was discovered that the clouds and darkness presaged 
a storm. Col. Ingerton immediately gave orders for the 
company commanders to get out every well mounted 
soldier in each company ready to move. The Regiment 
was soon in column and conducted by Captain Sizemore 
moved out in a southerly direction from the Gap, over 
a kind of woods-road made by hauling wood to camp, 


finally reaching what was called the Warrensburg road, 
crossed Lick Creek on a bridge, near Warrensburg, and 
came to an obscure road or bridle-way called the Arnet 
road, which was almost impassable, even in daylight. 
The storm had now broken loose, and it would have been 
impossible to find the way but for the continuous blaze of 
lightning that enabled the men to see the road. The 
lightning blinded the horses, however, so that when the 
column halted they would often run against each other. 
Eut the Regiment struggled on, men and horses often 
falling into ditches and others running against each 
other, the Third Commandment was broken that 
night more than once, as the men cursed the 
promoters of this night expedition. A short dis- 
tance from tjreeneville, just about daylight, the 
Regiment left this road and passing through 
a woodland, reached the Newport road and moving on to 
the State road formed on an eminence one mile west of 
Greeneville, facing west, companies G and I, commanded 
by Captains C. C. Wilcox and S. E. Northington, were 
formed a short distance in rear of the Regiment, and 
nearest to Greeneville. The Regiment w^as partially 
screened from view^ by a growth of cedars and some scat- 
tering trees. It was now in position to intercept the force 
at Blue Springs — Vaughn's brigade — when driven back 
upon it by the remainder of the Brigade. 

The reader will note that the "Thirteenth," commanded 
by Lieut. -Col. Ingerton, occupied a position within one 
mile of College Hill, where General Morgan's force of not 
less than 1500 to 2000 men, making allowance for the 
tw'O brigades not there, w^ere encamped. That the Regi- 
ment, numbering on this night less than 500 men, only 
the well mounted men being present — was in line with its 
rear towards Gen. Morgan's main force, and facing, and 
expecting to intercept and attack Gen. Vaughn's brigade, 
when driven back upon it by the remainder of Miller's 
Brigade. It will be observed that this was a most peril- 
ous position for Col. Ingerton, and it being now broad 
day-light, had Gen. Morgan or Gen. Duke been apprised 


of the situation, the Regiment would have been attacked 
in the rear by a largely superior force, while a force al- 
most equal to its own was between it and the remainder 
of the Brigade. Although Gen. Gillem, after the victory, 
claimed that he started out to attack Morgan, we cannot 
believe that any sane officer would have ordered a regi- 
ment into the position now occupied by Col. Ingerton, 
had he known that Gen. Morgan's entire force wat at 
Greeneville. Gen. Morgan having made the almost un- 
precedented march of 56 miles on the day he arrived at 
Greeneville, it is more reasonable to suppose that 
neither Gen. Gillem or Col. Miller suspected that Gen. 
Morgan had reached Greeneville, but that the force at 
Blue Springs was an unsupported scouting party which 
they hoped to capture by sending a Regiment in its rear 
and attacking it from the front, and this was evidently 
their design. The Regiment had been in position but a 
short time when the artillery was heard in the direction 
of Blue Springs, notifying us the fight was on, and to be 
in readiness to attack the enemy vigorously when he ap- 
proached, but there were several miles intervening and 
our men awaited with nervous, but silent expectation as it 
was believed that, finding himself hemmed in between 
two forces the enemy would make a desperate attempt 
to break through our lines, or turn our flank. Our men 
felt that they were expected to hold that line at all haz- 
ards until the force below closed in and forced the sur- 
render of the enemy. At 12 o'clock, midnight. Gen. Gil- 
lem and Col. Miller with the remamder of the Brigade, 
which consisted of the Ninth Tennessee Cavalry, com- 
manded by Lieut.-Col. John B. Brownlow, part of the 
Tenth Michigan Cavalry, commanded by Major Newell, 
and two sections of the First Tennessee Light Artillery, 
commanded by Lieut. W. J. Patterson, moved out from 
Bull's Gap as rapidly as the darkness and storm, and the 
condition of the roads, would permit, came upon the 
enemy about 6 A. M., captured the videttes, who were 
found asleep, and attacked the main body, which after a 
few rounds from the artillerv, retreated towards Greene- 


ville. This force was completely surprised, and was un- 
able to stand the gallant charge of the Ninth Tennessee, 
and the Tenth Michigan Cavalry, interspersed with the 
morning salutes of Lieut. Patterson's well-directed artil- 

It was not very long until the advance guard (about 20 
men) ofVaughn'sBrigade,whichwe have seen was driven 
from Blue Springs appeared in sight of Ingerton's force 
posted west of Greeneville, and not suspecting danger 
from that direction, was within 50 yards of our line be- 
fore it saw us. Lieut. W. F. M. Hyder who was in com- 
mand of Company L near the road, evidently mistaking 
Col. Ingerton's signal to keep quiet, fired on the guard, 
this was followed by a fusilade from his company, 
wounding several of the guard and killing a number 
of the horses. The prisoners were disarmed and placed 
under giiard. 

During the confusion attending this incident a citizen 
rushed into our lines inquiring for the commanding officer. 
Col. Ingerton being pointed out to him he said : "For 
God's sake get out of here as quickly as possible, Gen. 
Morgan is in town, and has a force of 5000 men (which 
no doubt the citizen believed) and if you do not retreat at 
once every one of you will be killed or captured." The 
excited citizen added, however, that Gen. Morgan, with 
his staff and a small guard, were at the residence of Mrs. 
Williams in town, some distance away from his com- 
mand. Col. Ingerton had no thought of retreating, but 
sent Sergeant-Major Angel for Captain Wilcox and gave 
orders for him and Captain Northington with their two 
companies to "dash into town, surround the William's 
residence and bring Morgan out dead or alive." 

It might be well to explain here why Gen. Morgan 
and his men were not aroused by the firing in such close 
proximity to them, which had been heard by the citizens 
of Greeneville, and which had brought the citizen out to 
warn Ingerton of his danger. It is said, as before stated, 
that on the preceding night Gen. Morgan had given 
orders to his officers to have the men discharge their 


guns the next morning, fearing the ammunition might 
be wet, as it had been raining. If he or his guard heard 
the firing, which is more than probable, they supposed 
it was their own men discharging their guns as directed. 
We give below a diagram of the Williams grounds and 
house so that the movements of the two companies and 
the events that follow may be better understood : 

I. Williams residence. 2. Place where Gen. Morgan fell- 3. 
Mason house. 4. Fry Hotel. 5. Stable. 6. Gate on Main street. 
7. Shop. 8. Episcopal Church. 9. Court-house. 10. Where body 
of Gen. Morgan was taken out. 11. Old Summer house. 12. 
Where Campbell fired from 

College Hill, where Morgan's troops encamped, M mile from 
Williams' house. 

Through the courtesy of Hon. A. B. Wilson, of 
Greeneville, Tennessee, himself a gallant officer of the 
Fourth Tennessee Infantry, we give some quotations from 
an article recently written by him and published in the 
"National Tribune." 

These quotations refer mainly to the history of the 
Williams family, the location of the premises where Gen. 
Morgan was killed, and incidents attending that event, 
with corrections of the many false stories which have been 
published from time to time concerning it. Besides Mr. 
Wilson's excellent version of the affair, which is in our 
judgment, the most accurate yet published, as far as it 
goes, we have recently visited the scene in person with 
the view of gaining new information, and verifying what 
we were already in possession of. We feel that every 
fact connected with this much talked of event, owing to 
the prominence of Gen. Morgan, will be read with great 
interest in the years to come. 

Before recording the details of the dash made into 
Greeneville by Captains Wilcox and Northington, with 
their two companies, we wish to emphasize the fact that 
no other Federal troops entered Greeneville that morning 
previous to the death of Gen. Morgan except these two 
companies, and none knew that he had been killed until 
his dead body had been brought out of town and laid 
down by the roadside about three-fourths of a mile west 
of Greeneville. 



"The house, a large brick structure, is now the Mor- 
gan Inn. It is near Irish y^treet, which runs parallel with 
Main. From the house a walk led through the grounds 
to a gate opening on Main street. On this walk, and 
about half way, there was a Summer-house covered with 
vines. The other buildings on the square consisted of 
the Mason House, on the corner on Main street, an old 
store-house separating it from the Fry Hotel ; a shop on 
the next corner; an Episcopal Church, and a few out- 

"A large portion of the grounds, and that portion 
fronting on Depot street, was embraced in a vineyard, 
while much of the residue was a vegetable garden. Mrs. 
Williams also owned a large farm four miles north of 

"When Gen. Morgan came to Greeneville he put up at 
the Williams residence, leaving his command on the east 
side of the town, and about a quarter of a mile distant,, 
thus placing himself directly between his own forces and 
the enemy. His entire stafif stopped at the same house 
with him, and their horses were stabled just across Depot 
street from the Williams ground." 


"The lady with whom Gen. Morgan lodged was Mrs. 
Catharine D. Williams. She was the widow of Dr. Alex- 
ander Williams, who had died a few years previously. 
Dr. Alexander Williams was in his lifetime considered 
the w'ealthiest man in the town, and his beautiful grounds, 
embracing three-fourths of a square and in its center was 
a place for pleasure resorts, for which purpose their use 
was never refused. Mrs. Williams, although charitable 
to all, was an ardent Southern sympathizer, and, besides^ 
was in some way related to Gen. Morgan, or rather to his 


"One of her sons was a Captain in the Confederate 
army, and her oldest son who, now an old man, resides in 
Greeneville, was with Morgan's forces at the time. In 
the absence of her sons, Mrs. Williams's family consisted 
of herself and her daughter-in-law, Mrs. Lucy Williams, 
the wife of her son Joseph A. W'illiams, who was absent 
from home with some visiting friends." 

It would appear at first thought that General Morgan 
acted most imprudently in separating himself from his 
command with none but a small guard and his staff offi- 
cers to protect him, that too in a country whose inhabi- 
tants were largely hostile to the cause for which he was 
fighting, but when we consider that he had made a long 
and wearisome march the previous day, that the night 
was a stormy one, and he, without adequate protection 
from the rain, the hospitable mansion of Mrs. Williams, 
where he had often been before, was a strong temptation 
for him to stop there, and take a much needed rest to fit 
him for the march and battle which according to his 
plans would take place in the vicinity of Bull's Gap, i6 
miles away, on the following day. Again, all the main 
roads leading into the town were strongly guarded, and 
if the rough bridleway over which Ingerton came with 
his Regiment that night was known to him, he little 
dreamed that any officer would attempt to pass over it on 
a night like that. 

It has been related since, that after Gen. Morgan had 
taken up his quarters at the Williams home that dismal 
night, he expressed some forebodings of coming ill and 
spoke of returning to his command, but was lulled into 
security by the more cheerful mood of his companions. 
Possibly his good angel was whispering words of warn- 
ing in his ear which the brave chieftain failed to heed. 


Deeming the facts in regard to what occurred in the 
town of the greatest importance we have conversed with a 
number of men who were present and witnessed the kill- 
ing of Gen. Morgan, and who are men of integrity and 


character and we believe that any statement made by 
them would be true as far as their memory will permit 
them to tell the exact facts after the passing of so many 
years. Among those whom we have received statements 
from are: AI. D. L. Miller, of Keensburg; W. M. Bishop, 
of Watauga; John M. Wilcox, of Elizabethton; W. E. 
Shuffield, of Lineback; Joseph McCloud, of Hampton, 
and John G. Burchfield, of Washington, D. C. All of 
them were members of Company G, and went into 
Greeneville that morning with Captain C. C. Wilcox, 
and all agree that the material facts as we state them are 
true. One point of difference which we have been un- 
able to settle satisfactorily is whether Captain Northing- 
ton with his company (I.) was ordered into town at the 
same time and did go with Company G., or whether after 
the firing began he was ordered to the support of that 
company. Our recollection and best information favors 
\ht latter as the fact. We have been unable to get any 
statement regarding this point from members of that 
company, but we know Captain Northington and his son, 
Lieut. H. C. Northington, went into town with their com- 
pany and played a conspicuous part in the events of that 

Receiving orders as we have seen from Col. Ingerton 
tcj go into town Captain Wilcox formed his company in 
column of fours and started towards the point where the 
State road intersects with the main street of Greeneville. 
Near this point he cut ofif 20 men and ordered Lieut. 
White to take charge of them and locate and surround 
the Williams residence, while he with the remainder of 
the company proceeded east on Main street. It was yet 
very early in the morning, and succeeding the rain, the 
fog hung low, obscuring the vision for a time. Reaching 
a point where a small brick building of some kind stood 
then on the corner of Main and Church streets, they ran 
onto the men and horses (rebels) whom we have men- 
tioned as having camped on Main street the night before, 
probably Gen. Morgan's guard. These men, just aroused, 
were in great confusion, running to and fro, and some of 


them shouted, "Kirk's bushwhackers ! get out of the way !" 
and all ran in every direction, leaving most of their horses 
in the streets. Captain Wilcox halted his men here and 
detached the following men : Sergt. John M. Wilcox, 
Sergt. W. E. Shuffield, Corp. John G. Burchfield, Corp. 
William Humphreys and Privates W. M. Bishop, J. H. 
and David White, Sol. Turner, N. T. Campbell, Joseph 
McCloud, and one or two others (about lo or 12 in all) 
led by Sergt. Wilcox, dashed on towards College Hill 
w^here they found the enemy and drove them from around 
their artillery. One or two of the men actually tried to 
bitch the horses, which were harnessed close by, to the 
caissons. During this time the enemy appeared utterly 
dumfounded and did not fire a gun. Capt. Wilcox leaving 
part of his company back near Church street rode up, and 
seeing the enemy forming on all sides, ordered this squad, 
that had in the meantime picked up 25 or 30 prisoners, 
back to Church street, to which place they brought the 

In the meantime Lieut, ^^'hite with his detachment had 
come in on what is now Irish street and formed his men 
about the Williams House. At about this time also firing 
had commenced, men on both sides shooting wherever 
they could see an enemy, and the artillery on the hills 
had opened up. Capt. Northington and his men were 
also in town and had surrounded the stable and captured 
the horses belonging to Gen. Morgan and his staff, which 
were in a stable on what is now Depot street, and cap- 
tured some prisoners. Gen. Morgan and his staff had 
heen aroused and came down into the garden or grounds, 
and attempted to escape, but seeing no chance concealed 
themselves in the summer house, potato hole and out- 
houses. Gen. ]\Iorgan was the last to come down and 
^\-as but partially dressed, having on no coat. He was 
armed with two navy pistols which he carried in his 
hands. He inquired of Mrs. Williams, "Where are 
they?" meaning the Yankees. She replied, "Every- 
where." He then started towards the Episcopal Church 
and seeing the Yankees near it turned towards the Fry 


Hotel, where he hid under the porch of that 
building for a short time; Major Gosset, it was 
said, was under the porch at the same time 
and watching an opportunity ran out, and find- 
ing a loose horse, mounted and escaped — the only officer 
with Gen. Morgan that night that got away, Abciit this 
time Captain Wilcox with a squad of men came down 
Main street and halted near a gate leading into the Wil- 
liams ground from that street. Corporal J. G. Burch- 
iield rode on down to the Fry Hotel, where he saw Mrs. 
Fry, a relative of his, and stopped and shook hands with 
her. She said to him, "John, Morgan is in that brick 
house (pointing to the Williams house) and 1 want you 
people to catch him." Capt. Wilcox saw a man running 
towards the Williams house and riding his mule against 
the gate, which was fastened, broke it down and ordered 
his men inside the premise> with directions to look out 
for prisoners and capture the man who had been seen. 
Sergt. John M. Wilcox and Corporal Burchfield and 
others of Company G. rode in, the two former going 
towards where they had seen the man. He ran out from 
near the Summer house and fired at them ; they ordered 
him to halt but he continued to dodge in and out of the 
grapevines and the framework that supported them, they 
calling on him to surrender. They did not fire at him be- 
cause their guns were not loaded, as he probably sur- 
mised. Things were growing warm now in all direc- 
tions. The artillery was firing from the hill, and the 
enemy was advancing and men shooting at each other 
from almost every direction. The man in his shirt 
sleeves started in the direction of Depot street when he 
was discovered by Private Andrew Campbell, who was 
on that street 40 or 50 yards distant from him. Camp- 
bell fired at him from his horse but missed him. Camp- 
bell then dismounted and placing his gun on the fence 
fired again. The man threw up his hands and was heard 
to say, "O, God !" and fell forward on his face, gave one 
•or two gasps and expired. 

There was no insignia of rank on his person and no one 


knew who he was. Sergt. Wilcox and Corp. Burchfield. 
v/ere the first to reach his body as they had been pursuing 
him. Captain Wilcox and others were there in a few 
minutes. Captain Wilcox thought from his appearance 
he was not a common soldier, and suspected at once that 
he was Gen. Morgan. He sent for Captains Clay and 
Rodgers who had already been captured and asked them 
who the man was, one of them, Captain Clay, we have 
been informed, said with much feeling : "That is the best 
man that ever lived. Gen. Morgan." 

Captain Wilcox then ordered the men to carry the body 
out to the street and place it on a horse and take it back 
to the Regiment. Captains Clay and Rodgers, especially 
the former, protested against the order and requested that 
the body be removed to the Williams house. Captaia 
Wilcox UAd them he had orders to bring Morgan out 
whether dead or alive and he had to obey orders. 

The body was then hastily carried out to the fence 
and put on the horse in front of Campbell, the man who 
shot him. The prisoners and horses had been placed in 
charge of Company I., while Lieut. White's detachment 
was ordered to protect the rear. At the time the body 
was placed on the horse the enemy was advancing from 
the east and a small squad from the south. The latter 
was driven back by Lieut. White's detachment. It seems 
strange that notwithstanding the hundreds of shots that 
were fired at these two companies, both by infantry and 
artillery, we did not hear of a single casualty. We can 
only attribute this to the surprise and confusion of the 
enemy which must have caused them to shoot "wild." 

The two companies now made a hasty retreat back in 
the direction from which they had come into town, but 
before reaching that point they met the Regiment coming 
to their assistance. The body of Gen. Morgan was laid 
down by the roadside and a guard placed over it. 

Col. Ingerton, who was in the act of engaging 
Vaughn's command, which had been driven back on us, 
hearing the heavy firing in town, about-faced the Regi- 
ment and hastened to the relief of Wilcox and Northing- 

{See page 288.) 

(See page 289.) 


ton. Meeting them on their retreat, our Regiment formed 
in line on the right, and just west of the town, the re- 
mainder of the Brigade coming up, the Ninth formed 
on our left, the Tenth Michigan on the extreme left. The 
battery unlimbered and opened fire on the enemy. The 
entire Brigade charged ; the Ninth through the main part 
of the town, the Tenth Michigan on the left, and the 
Thirteenth on the right. After a sharp resistance, with 
artillery and musketry, the enemy gave way and retreated 
in the direction of Henderson, now Afton. The retreat 
soon became a rout, the enemy abandoned his artillery, 
threw away guns and blankets and strewed the road with 
debris. Our horses were too much jaded to take full 
advantage of the victory and did not follow him but a 
short distance. 

Gen. Morgan's body had been laid on a blanket near a 
small grove or cluster of trees near the roadside about 
three-fourths of a mile west of Greeneville, and left un- 
der guard while the fight was in progress. Immediately 
after the fight was over, by direction of Gen. Gillem, the 
body was placed in an ambulance and taken back to town 
where it was dressed and cared for by Gen. Morgan's 
staff officers who had been captured, and turned over to 
Gen. Duke under flag of truce ; it was related at the time, 
that Gen. Gillem, in a dispatch to Governor Johnson an- 
nouncing the victory and the death of Gen. Morgan, 
made use of the famous Latin quotation : "Veni, Vidi, 
Vici;" this was commented on by some of the officers 
saying, "there were other Csesars on the field before Gen. 
Gillem arrived." 

The Confederate loss as reported was 75 killed and 
wounded, 106 prisoners, one piece of artillery and two 
caissons with horses and equipments. The Federal loss 
was very slight. The officers of Gen. Morgan's staff 
captured were : Major Hines, Dr. Morgan, Surgeon and 
brother of the General, Capt. H. B. Clay, Capt. Rodgers 
and Lieut. Johnson, and perhaps others whom we do not 
now recall. 

These officers were taken to Bull's Gap in ambulances 


that afternoon, the Brigade reaching that place about the 
same hour it had left it on the previous night, having 
inarched through storm and darkness over rough and 
muddy roads more than forty miles. 

This v^as the first fight of importance in v^hich the 
greater part of the Regiment had been engaged. The 
officers and men showed the gallantry and endurance of 
veterans. The part assigned to the Thirteenth gave this 
Regiment the most conspicuous part, and the honor of 
killing Gen. Morgan and capturing his staff officers, while 
the remainder of the Brigade were driving Gen. 
Vaughn's brigade from Blue Springs. In the fight that 
ensued after Morgan had been killed, the Ninth Tennes- 
see Cavalry under Lieut. -Col. Brownlow, the loth 
Michigan, under ]\Iajor Newell, and the Light Artillery 
under Lieut. Patterson, all deserve a full share of the 
honors. The position of Companies G. and L of the 
Thirteenth, gave them the opportunity of making the 
dash into Greeneville and w4n the distinction of killing 
Gen. Morgan and capturing his staff, and Andrew Camp- 
bell, then a private soldier of Company G, no doubt fired 
the shot, and the act was recognized by his promotion to 
F irst Lieutenant of Company E. 

Many officers and soldiers of the Brigade, as well as of 
the Thirteenth, have asserted that "they were present and 
saw General Morgan killed." The facts are, we think, 
that none of the Brigade knew that Gen. Morgan was 
killed, neither did any of our Regiment, except a part of 
Companies G. and L, until after his dead body had been 
brought out of town. There were none others ordered 
into Greeneville, except these two companies, and if any 
other Federal soldiers or officers were there at the time, 
or previous to his death, they were out of the line of their 
duties, as far as we can remember or have been able to 

Captain Wilcox received the order to go into town as 
the senior officer of the two companies, and carried out 
his instructions to the letter. Capt. Northington, with 
his gallant company, did his share of the work and is en- 


titled to his full share of the credit Every officer and 
soldier in the two companies did his full duty that Sep- 
tember morning. It was a brave deed for these men to 
dash into town in the face of Morgan's command, scarce- 
ly half a mile away, and yet they were almost inexper- 
ienced officers and soldiers at that time. 

Col. Ingerton though ignorant of the situation when 
he assumed it, did not flinch from the danger when it was 
revealed to him, but did his duty like a true soldier as he 

Wilcox and Northington went into town conscious of 
the fact that they were charging under the very guns of 
the enemy and in the face of "Morgan's men" whose 
names were synonyms of gallantry and daring. 



Further Comments on the Death of Gen. Morgan — Extract 
From Lee's History. — The Statement Untrue. — Hon. A. B. 
Wilson's History of the Affair. . 

We have alluded to the errors and misrepresentations 
iii relation to Gen, Morgan's death. The most prominent 
of these, and one that had its origin on the day it occurred 
and has been repeated ever since, though it has been re- 
peatedly contradicted, has been embodied in a United 
States history, written by Miss S. P. Lee, and adopted 
by the Board of Commissioners of the State of Tennes- 
see as a text-book. The following is a quotation from 
this history ( ?) : 

"Early in September Morgan was in the village of 
Greeneville with only a small detachment of soldiers. The 
daughter-in-law of the woman at whose house he lodged 
rode at night to a Federal camp some miles off and told 
v;here the gallant Confederate officer could be captured. 
Four companies of Federal cavalry dashed into the town 
and surrounded the house where he slept. His staff was 
captured but Morgan escaped into the garden. He was 
unarmed. There was no possibility of his getting away 
from the surrounding soldiers, so he came out from his 
place of concealment and surrendered to the Federal Cap- 
tain. After this a cavalryman rode up to mithin two 
FEET of him, and, notzvithstanding Morgan's assurance 
that he was a prisoner, shot and killed him and inflicted 
indignities upon his body/' 

In refutation of this statement we have the statement 
of Major Hines, a member of Gen. Morgan's staff who 
was present at the time and who in a book written after 
the war entitled "The Gray Jackets," in which he gives 
an extended account of the affair, says : "Major Gosset,. 


Captain Rogers and Mr, Johnson sprang out in the direc- 
tion of the vineyard where the two latter were captured 
and General Morgan killed. The latter had just fired his 
pistol and was in the act of firing again when he fell." 
Quoting from another commenting on this extract: 
"From the above it will be seen that General Morgan was 
duly and fully armed, and was on 'the firing line' shooting 
at the enemy when he was shot and killed." 

The report of indignities offered the body of General 
Morgan and that it was dragged through the street with 
a display of barbarous rejoicing was circulated by his 
sympathizers before we left Greeneville on the day of 
his death. There was no foundation for it whatever ex- 
cept the order given by Col. Ingerton to Captain Wilcox 
"to bring Morgan's body out, dead or alive," and the fact 
that this order was carried out by Campbell on horseback, 
and that it may have been bruised, or discolored by con- 
tact with the saddle. Our men, however, were too hotly 
pursued at this time to think of making a display of the 
body even had they been barbarians. 

In explanation of Col. Ingerton's order it may be said 
that it was given in a moment of excitement and confu- 
sion. The thought uppermost in his mind was probably 
to extricate his Regiment from its dangerous position, 
and believing a blow to the commander would demoralize 
the enemy he gave the order to emphasize the importance 
of the undertaking. There was certainly nothing bar- 
barous or unsoldierly in Col. Ingerton's nature. 

This report having been circulated at the time, it is 
our recollection, that Capt. J. T. Rogers and two others, 
of General Morgan's staff officers, were requested to 
make a written statement of the facts over their signa- 
tures, which they did. The statement was published in 
the "Knoxville Whig" at the time. They stated that 
Gen. Morgan after his imprisonment in the Ohio peniten- 
tiary had often declared he would never surrender again, 
and it was his refusal to surrender that had cost him his 
life. They stated further that they had been treated with 


the greatest courtesy and kindness by the officers of the 
Tennesse Brigade. 

The following affidavits from honorable and truthful 
citizens should be conclusive as to the facts : 

State of Tennessee, 
County of Carter, ^^' 

Personally came before me. Clerk and Master of the Chancery 
Court for said County and State, John M. Wilcox, M. D. L. Miller 
and William M. Bishop and made oath in due form of law as 

That each of us were enlisted soldiers in Company G, of the 13th 
Regiment of Tennessee Volunteer Cavalry, U- S- A-; that we were 
present with our Company in the charge made into the town of 
Greeneville, Tenn., on the morning of September 4, 1864, and wit- 
nessed the shooting of Gen. John H. Morgan by Andrew Camp- 
bell, then a private of Company G, 13th Tenn. Cavalry, and as- 
s.isted to carry the body of Gen. Morgan from the place where it 
fell and assisted in placing it on Campbell's horse and went with it 
in the retreat from the town; and we further declare that Gen. 
Morgan was dead before his body was removed; that there was no 
indignity offered the body any further than its removal as stated, 
and that the facts in regard to it as stated in Scott and Angel's 
history of the 13th Tennessee Cavalry, which have been made 
known to us, are absolutely true and correct to the best of our 
knowledge gind recollection. 

JOHN M. WILCOX, Lt. Co. G., 
M. D. L. MILLER, Sergt. Co. G.. 
W. M. BISHOP, Private Co. G- 

Sworn to and subscribed before me on this, the 2nd da> of 
October, 1902. And I certify that the afifiants are each of them 
well known to me, and that each of them are respectable and in 
good standing in this community, where they were born and 
raised, and that their Post Office address is Elizabethton, Ten- 

Clerk and Master. 

(Certified copy of this affidavit on file in Clerk and IMaster's 
office, Elizabethton, Tenn.) 


I was an enlisted man and Corporal in Co- G, 13th Regt., Tenn. 
Cav., U- S- A., and was present with my company Sept. 4th, 1864, 
at Greeneville, Tenn., when the Confederate General, John H. Mor- 
gan, was killed by Private Andrew Campbell. That I was within a 
few feet of the General when he fell. That I assisted in placing 
his body on Campbell's horse when we retreated out of Greene- 
ville- That no indignity was done to his body. That he was shot 
while in the act of firing upon Sergeant John M. Wilcox and my- 


I have read the manuscript of Comrades S- VV. Scott and S. P. 
Angel for their history of the 13th Tennessee Cavalry and I cer- 
tify that their description of Morgan's death is true and correct. 

Late Corp. Co. G, 13th Tenn. Cav. 
Address 653 A St., N. E-, Washington, D. C 
Subscribed and sworn to before me at Washington City, District 
of Columbia, this 2nd day of October, A. D. 1902. 

Notary Public. 

In view of the incontestable evidence of the errors 
irito which Miss Lee has fallen in her school history, and 
ill behalf of truth and justice, and the honor of the Fed- 
eral soldiers of East Tennessee, we enter our protest 
against the use of this history in our public schools unless 
these errors are expunged. 

We would state here that in a later edition of Miss 
Lee's history her former version has been materially 
modified, but the history will not be worthy a place in 
our schools until it gives the true facts and completely 
exonerates the Tennessee soldiers from the charge con- 
tained in it. 

Another sensational report, that Mrs. Lucy Williams, 
tiie daughter-in-law of the lady at whose house Gen. 
Morgan and staff were lodging, rode through the dark- 
ness and storm a distance of sixteen miles has no 
shadow of truth in it. This story is fully refuted by Mr. 
Wilson. This lady, or some other claiming to have 
performed this feat posed as a heroine at Knoxville and 
other places just after the event, but we can find no 
evidence other than that Gen. Morgan's whereabouts 
were made known to our officers in the manner we have 

Li regard to who furnished the information that led 
to this night expedition and the killing of Gen. Morgan, 
others have claimed this honor besides Mrs. Williams. 
Edmond B. Miller, w^ho was at that time a citizen of 
Greeneville, but now deceased, we have been informed, 
filed a claim in the War Department before his death, 
stating that he was the man who warned the Federal 
officers that Gen. IMorg^an was at the Williams home. 


We only know, as a certainty, that some citizen of 
Greeneville came to Col. Ingerton and told him of Mor- 
gan's force being at College Hill and that the General 
himself with his staff and a small guard, were at the resi- 
dence of Mrs. Williams, who did this we are not prepared 
to say. 

Mr. Wilson, whose article in the Banner we have al- 
luded to, makes an unimportant error in stating that 
Andrew Campbell, the man who shot Gen. Morgan, was 
a native of Greene county, Tennessee. Campbell was a 
native of Dublin, Ireland. He came to New Orleans 
about the beginning of the war and joined the Confed- 
erate army as "a soldier of fortune" probably, more than 
attachment to the Confederate cause. Growing tired of 
hard fighting and poor pay, he quit that service of his 
own accord and sought service in the Federal army. As 
we have stated elsewhere, he was picked up at Nashville 
and brought to the Regiment by John M. Smith, a resi- 
dent of Carter county, Tenn., and enlisted in Company 
G. After the Greeneville fight he was first promoted to 
Sergeant of Company E. as shown by the order which 
appears in the Adjutant-General's Report of the State of 
Tennessee : 


Headquarters Thirteenth Regiment, Tenn. Cav., 
Bull's Gap, Tenn., Sept.. 7, 1864. 
Orders No. 95. 

I. The Lieut.-Colonel commanding the Thirteenth Tennessee 
Cavalry takes pride in saying that the officers and enhsted men under 
his command have surpassed his most sanguine expectations, and 
exhibited a spirit of gallantry and determination that would do honor 
to veteran soldiers. He takes pleasure in commending them for the 
promptness and energy with which they have discharged their duty 
in the presence of the enemy, and congratulates them upon the suc- 
cess which has attended them in expelling from their homes the pre- 
sumptuous foe who had attempted to teach East Tennesseeans dis- 
loyalty to their government. 

n. Private Andrew Campbell, of Company G, Thirteenth Tenn- 
essee Cavalry, is hereby appointed First Sergeant of Company E, of 
this regiment, a reward for his gallantry at the engagement at 
Greeneville, Tenn., on the 4th inst., and for his success in arresting. 


"by an accurate shot, the flight of Gen. John H. Morgan, one of our 
country's most prominent enemies. 
By order of 

Lt.-Col. W. H. INGERTON, 
Commanding Thirteenth Tenn. Cav. 
Sam'l W. Scott, First Lieut, and Acting Adjutant. 

On the 13th of October, 1864, Campbell was commis- 
sioned First Lieutenant of Company E. by Governor 
Johnson and held this position until mustered out of the 
service Sept. 5, 1865. He was noted for his bravery in 
every engagement. He was with Captain Dan. Ellis in 
the Spring of 1865 in a number of fights with the enemy 
at; Elizabethton, Tenn., and in Johnson county, Tenn,, 
and assisted in driving the last enemy from these two 
•counties. After the war he resided at Bloomington, Ind., 
and later at Indianapolis. We have not been able to lo- 
cate him at this time (1902), and do not know whether 
he is still living or has joined the great army of our com- 
rades who have passed across "the Silent Sea." 

After the war, and even up to the present time, we have 
heard of a number of men, each of whom claim to have 
ill his possession one or more of the identical pistols used 
by Gen. Morgan just before he was shot, and no doubt 
there were, and many of them may be in existence still, a 
number of pistols taken from officers and men who were 
with Gen. Morgan that day, and which were spoken of as 
"Morgan pistols," but we have good authority for the 
statement, and we believe it is true, that the two pistols in 
the hands of Gen. Morgan that morning and found near 
his body, were silver-mounted, or had a silver plate on 
them with the following inscription : "Presented to Gen. 
Hardee by Colonel Colt." It was said the pistols were 
presented to Gen. Morgan by Gen. Hardee. We would 
be pleased to have a confirmation or refutation of this 
statement from a reliable source by any one living who 
■actually knows the facts. 

Appreciating the importance of giving to our readers 
every evidence possible in corroboration of the facts we 
have endeavored to set forth, in addition to the quotations 
we append further quotations from Mr. Wilson's 


article on the death of General Morgan, published' 
in the "National Tribune," which though to some extent 
a repetition of what we have already written contains 
other interesting matter bearing on this event. Mr. Wil- 
son has the reputation of being a close student of history 
and is an able and fair-minded writer. 

This article deals with the various rumors that have 
been published and shows from facts which he has gath- 
ered from reliable sources that these stories are without 
foundation in fact. 



By a. B. Wilson, Greeneville, Tenn. 

Tennessee has a school-book law under which it is made a 
misdemeanor for any teacher to substitute any other book on the 
same subject suitable for the same grade, for those adopted by the 
School Book Commissioners. This is the case in several of the 
Southern States. One of the books adopted in Tennessee, and 
several other Southern States, is Lee's History of the United 
States. This book, on page 334, with reference to the death of 
Gen. John H. Morgan, states: 

"Early in September, Morgan was in the village of Greeneville 
with only a few soldiers. The daughter-in-law of the woman at 
whose house he lodged carried information to the Federal camp 
of his whereabouts. Four companies of Federal cavalry sur- 
rounded the house where he was sleeping. His staff were cap- 
tured, but Morgan escaped, unarmed, into the garden. Seeing 
that he could not get away, he came out from his hiding place 
and surrendered to the Federal Captain. After this a cavalryman 
rode close up to him and, in spite of Morgan's repeated declara- 
tion that he was a prisoner, killed him." 

Although not so stated in this book, other publications add a 
little to the account given in Lee's History, by stating that after 
Gen. Morgan was shot, and before life was extinct, his body was 
thrown across a horse, and paraded up and down the streets in a 
barbarous manner. 

These statements are in fact untrue, and it would be discredit- 
able to the publisher of any respectable political newspaper at 
the present time to publish them as facts. How much wor-e is 


the offense when they are published as facts in a school book, 
and when the teachers of the public schools are required by law 
to teach them to the children as a part of the history of the 

It was but natural that in articles written shortly after the Civil 
War, and while the partisan or sectional animosities growing out 
of the war had but little abated, that rumors and even suspicions 
prejudicial to the honor of the opposite side, picked up at random, 
and without any investigation as to their truthfulness, should be 
published as facts. This has been demonstrated, even, in the writ- 
ings of Gen. Basil Duke, the eulogist of Gen. Morgan, in his state- 
ments in relation to his death. 

It is time that all disputes on this matter should be set at rest 
by some one who has honestly studied the facts, and whose whole 
aim is to give a correct statement, based on the best of evidence, 
in relation to the death of Gen. Morgan. 

The writer now resides within a stone's throw of the place where 
Gen. Morgan fell. He has conversed with men who were in 
each of the contending forces, as well as with members of the Wil- 
liams family, and, what he deems of greater importance, he has 
conversed with many of the citizens of Grecneville, some of whom 
were eye-witnesses, and whose feelings and sympathies were as 
varied as tho?e of the armed contending forces. From this data, 
and his personal knowledge of the locality and surroundings, he 
bases the following statements in relation to the historical inac- 
curacies which have been so widely published and taught in the 
schools in the Southern States : 

Prior to the events referred to, Gen. Alvin Gillem was stationed 
at Bull's Gap, 16 miles west of Greeneville, in command of a 
brigade composed of the 8th, 9th and 13th Tenn. Cav. and a light 
battery of artillery. His position was about 58 miles from Knox- 
ville, where was his nearest support. 

This position was in a gap of the mountains, or range of hills, 
but could be flanked by roads running on either side, which in case 
of an attack could not have been defended with the forces at his 
command. Gen. John H. Morgan was at or near Bristol, 56 miles 
east of Greeneville. with a force of cavalry and artillery, consid- 
erably in excess of those of Gen. Gilletn, and he determined to 
attack Gen. Gillem's forces and either capture them or compel 
them to fall back to Knoxville. He moved his forces to Greene- 
ville, leaving only 16 miles between his forces and the enemy. 

The bold dash of the Federal brigade, under command of Gen- 
Alvin Gillem, composed of Tennessee troops, many of whom had 
refugeed from their homes to reach the Federal army, deserves 
some words of commendation from the impartial historian. The 
commanding officers had received information as to the situation 
of Gen. Morgan's forces and knew that Morgan's purpose was to 
assail their position. Although they knew that Gen. Morgan had 
a superior force, they determined not to await his arrival. The 
night was dark and rainy and the roads over the 16 miles to be 
traveled were far from good. 

It was well into the night when the brigade moved out, and 
during much of the night they traveled through the rain. It was 


after daylight when the advance guard — not composed of four 
companies, but of about 60 men detailed from the different regi- 
ments — reached Greeneville, the head of the main column being 
more than a mile in the rear. 

The Confederate pickets were surprised and captured without 
the firing of a gun. The Williams house was surrounded before 
Gen. Morgan was awake. He hastily put on his pants and boots 
and escaped into the garden — not unarmed, but with his pistols on 

While in the vineyard, and when trying to shoot, he was shot 
and killed by Andrew Campbell, a private in the 13th Tenn. Cav. 
Campbell shot from his horse in the street, a distance of perhaps 
5) yards. Morgan had not surrendered, and was not unarmed. 
According to some he had shot at least once, and when he re- 
ceived the fatal shot was attempting to shoot again. At this time 
the main force of Gen. Gillem's Brigade was still a mile or more 
from the town, and after Gen. Morgan was dead the body was 
thrown on a horse and taken back for identification. 

On being attacked, Morgan's command retreated and were pur- 
sued by Gillem's forces about six miles. 

The body of Gen. Morgan, after being dressed and placed in a 
coffin, was delivered up to his friends, who were sent to ask it 
under a flag of truce. 

The alleged betrayal is yet to be explained. The only basis for 
the betrayal theory is given by Gen. Duke, which in substance 
is that after the arrival of Gen. Morgan and his staflf at the Wil- 
liams residence, the daughter-in-law was seen to leave, and al- 
though parties were sent to look for her she could not be found, 
and it appeared that she had ridden all the way to Bull's Gap to 
inform Gen. Gillem of Morgan's whereabouts and the position of 
his forces- 
Mrs. Lucy Williams, the daughter-in-law referred to, was of an 
aristocratic Southern family, young and handsome. Her sym- 
pathies were strongly with the Confederate cause, and in the Con- 
federate Army she had two brothers, one being a Captain in com- 
mand of a company, and the other a Major in the Quartermaster's 
Department- Had it been true that she made the daring ride at- 
tributed to her, she would have been seen by many of the in- 
habitants along the road, and the visions of the handsome woman 
in her daring ride of 16 miles in the darkness and rain would have 
been a subject for a romance such as is but seldom found in real 

In fact, the whole tale is false. It seems, however, that this mat- 
ter was shortly thereafter brought to the attention of Gen. Gillem, 
when he sent to the Secretary of War the following dispatch: 

Bull's Gap, Sept. 19, 1864. 

Hon. E- H. Stanton: — In reply to request to report the part 
taken by Mrs. Williams in the c?pture of Morgan, I have the 
honor to state that neither Mr?. Williams nor any other lady gave 
anjf information which caused the advance which resulted in the 
surprise, defeat and death of Gen. Morgan. I forward detailed re- 
port by mail. 



The suspicion against Mrs. Lucy Williams, which is treated as 
though true as holy writ in Southern histories, arose from the 
following facts: Mrs. Catharine D. Williams drew her >upplie3 
from her farm, four miles distant, and not in the direction of Bull's 
Gap- On the arrival of Gen. Morgan and his staff something was 
needed from the farm. Negroes could not then be relied on, and 
the errand was assigned to the daughter-in-law, Mrs. Lucy Wil- 
liams. She did go to the farm, and did not go to Bull's Gap. She 
was expected to return in the evening, but a hard rain came on, 
and she was compelled to remain with a tenant during the night. 
She was at the residence of Mr. Isaac Brannon, near the farm, 
during the rain in the afternoon. She was seen on her way re- 
turning from the farm the next morning by several of the most 
responsible citizens, and when she evidently had no knowledge 
of the Federal forces being in the town. She was stopped by the 
Federal pickets, and thus did come in with the Federal troops. — 
National Tribune. 



Fight at Lick Creek. — Results in Defeat of a Detachment of 
the Thirteenth Under Col. Ingerton. — Our Officers and Men 
Display the Greatest Gallantry in This Engagement. — Retreat 
After Severe Loss. — Brigade Advances- — Robert Pride Killed 
At Jonesboro. — W. B. C. Smith Captured at Johnson City. 
Fighting Between Johnson City and Carter's Depot. — Charge 
at the Latter Place. — Col. Miller's and Lt. Angel's 
Shot. — Enemy Defeated. — The 9th Tenn- Cavalry. — Col- S. K. 
N- Patton Joins the Brigade at Leadvale. — Another Re- 
trogade. — Our Rear Threatened. — Brigade Advances. — Fight 
at Panther Springs — Gallant Charge at Morristown. — Enemy 

The Regiment remained quietly in camp at Bull's Gap 
tor several days, sending out scouts occasionally, but 
•could hear of no rebel force nearer than Jonesboro. On 
the day after the fight at Greeneville a train came up from 
Knoxville bringing supplies and news of the progress of 
the war. We sent the prisoners captured at Greeneville 
back on the train. We were busy shoeing horses, re- 
pairing wagons and making preparations to move. All 
kmds of rumors reached us about receiving re-enforce- 
ments and moving forward towards Carter and Johnson 
counties. At this time we heard from home frequently, 
and a number of soldiers' wives and others from the 
upper counties visited us in camp. On the 15th Capt. 
John W. Ellis's wife was a visitor in our camp. She was 
a sister of Lieut. S. P. and J. R. Angel, of Company G. 


On the 22d of September a detachment from the Regi- 
ment, consisting of about 150 or 200 men under Col. In- 
gerton had quite a brush with Gen. Vaughn's entire com- 
mand at Lick Creek Bridge, 2>^2 miles from the Gap. 
Capt- R. H. M. Donnelly had been sent out the day before 


-tc try to locate the enemy, and ran into Vaughn's ad- 
vance guard a few miles west of Greeneville and drove 
them back to the main body. Donnelly was attacked by 
a large force, and after considerable fighting, fell back 
closely pursued. Having in this way learned that 
Vaughn was advancing, Ingerton was sent out to feel of 
his strength and dispute his crossing at Lick Creek 
bridge. Arriving at that place Col. Ingerton took position 
on a hill facing east with Company B to the right of the 
bridge, Company A, commanded by Lieut. Carriger, to the 
left, and Company G. commanded by Lieut.T. C.White, in 
front of the bridge. Some of the enemy could be seen in 
a woods several hundred yards away. Col. Ingerton 
sent the Sharp Shooters under Sergeant Peter L. Barry 
across the bridge and through an open field in the direc- 
tion of the enemy. Sergeant Barry deployed his men as 
skirmishers and moving through the woods ran onto a 
vidette, who fired and retreated. Barry closed up his 
men and pushed forward with his usual bravery, soon ran 
onto a large body of the enemy in column and began 
firing on theuL The enemy began forming hastily in 
line and returning the fire. Hearing the firing Col. In- 
geiton galloped over and ascertaining the situation 
ordered Lieut. Barry back. The enemy soon came out of 
the woods and formed in two lines, one charged across 
the field to our left under a heavy fire from our men, 
posted across the creek, and took shelter in a little woods 
and undergrowth near the creek, while the other line 
charged towards the bridge. Seeing the charge directed 
towards the bridge Col. Ligerton ordered Lieut. White 
to make a counter-charge across the bridge, which he did 
in gallant style. The enemy halted and opened fire on 
Lieut. White, the two companies being now at close 
range. The enemy at this time was using his artillery to 
advantage, and Col. Ingerton seeing that he could not 
resist Vaughn's entire command with so small a force, 
and failing to get re-enforcements that he had asked for, 
and learning that the enemy were crossing the creek to 
cut off his reatreat. recalled Lieut. White and made prepa- 


rations to retreat. Company A. posted to the left of the 
bridge was at the same time engaged with the enemy on 
our left, while one company posted around a large brick 
house, occupied by Jas. Pearce, did good service. Our 
little force was divided into two squads, and began to fall 
back towards the Gap. One squad would take a position 
some distance in rear while the other, now posted at the 
brick house, poured a volley into the enemy and hastily 
retreated. In this way the two detachments retreated and 
fought the enemy, alternately, until they reached the com- 
mand. The enemy would come on in confusion with a 
yell until halted by a volley from our men. Our men, 
though pursued by several times their number, bravely 
contested every foot of ground until they reached the 
cover of the fort at the Gap. A number of our men, 
mounted on mules, being unable to keep up were cap- 
tured. We would remark that the mule, whether in peace 
or war, has a habit of exercising his own judgment 
whether he will stand still or go forward, regardless of 
the whip, spur or anathemas of his rider, and for this 
reason is a very uncertain quantity either in a charge or 
retreat, We lost in this little engagement 25 or 30 men 
killed, wounded and taken prisoners. The enemy's loss 
was still greater. 

While this fight was in progress Lieut. Reagan of the 
Bcvttery rode out from the Gap and dismounting from his 
horse procured a gun and commenced firing at the enemy. 
The horse, which was accustomed to stand without hold- 
ing, made a dash across the bridge to the enemy, taking 
with him saddle, bridle and pistols, leaving the Lieutenant 
to make the retreat on foot. 

Musgrove in his story of "Morgan's men," recently 
published in the "National Tribune," mentions this fight, 
and compliments the "Yankees" for the stubbornness 
with which they resisted the crossing of the bridge. 

In this little action our men, though fighting Vaughn's 
entire brigade, showed the greatest coolness and bravery. 
Lieut. Carriger, of Company A., and Lieut. White, of 
Company G., both displayed great courage and skill in 

(See page 290.) 


3 u 




> ^ 

< a; 


handling their men. Lieut. Barry brought on the fight 
and acted throughout with the bravery that was always 
conspicuous with our gallant Sharp-shooters. 

On the 23d of September we had a skirmish with the 
enemy at daylight, and the Regiment moved out early 
towards Lick Creek expecting an engagement, but met a 
flag of truce and were detained until ordered back to 

On the 25th the Regiment was sent out and learned 
that the enemy were at Greeneville. We remained in 
camp that day and marched out the next day as far as 
Greeneville without encountering the enemy. On the 
28th we moved east to within six miles of Jonesboro and 
skirmished with the rebels. On the 29th the Brigade 
moved slowly as far as Jonesboro, skirmishing with the 
enemy and driving them through the town. The re- 
mainder of the Brigade remained at Jonesboro while Col. 
Miller was sent out with our Regiment as far as Johnson 
City, expecting to locate the enemy and return to Jones- 
boro. The enemy was located about a mile west of John- 
son City and driven back beyond that place. Col. Miller 
sent an officer back to Gen. Gillem to tell him he would 
remain with the Regiment at Johnson City, and to have 
the wagon train sent on. 

In this advance towards Virginia General Gillem's 
force, which since the fight at Greeneville had consisted 
of only the Ninth and Thirteenth Tennessee Cavalry and 
Patterson's Artillery, was joined by the Fifteenth Penn- 
sylvania and the Sixteenth Kentucky Cavalry, and a part 
of the Tenth Michigan Cavalry and part of the First 
Ohio Heavy Artillery, under General Ammen. The ob- 
ject of this command was to co-operate with Gen. Bur- 
bridge, who was operating against Gen. Breckenridge in 
the vicinity of King's Salt Works, and Abingdon, Va. 
On the 29th while the Thirteenth advanced towards 
Johnson City, driving Gen. Vaughn's brigade, the Fif- 
teenth Pennsylvania drove another force of rebels as far 
as Devault's Ford and across the Watauga river. 

We were now fighting the Confederate forces of Gen- 
erals Williams and Vaughn. 


On the morning of the 30th we learned of the death 
of Robt. Pride, who had been killed by accident the night 
before at Jonesboro. He was a member of Company G., 
and had been detailed as Orderly at Col. Miller's head- 
quarters. He had remained at Jonesboro with Adjutant 
Stacy, and at night had laid a little gun that Col. Miller 
had given him on the ground, and laying his saddle on 
the gun, spread down his blanket and went to sleep. In 
the night he was awakened by an alarm of the enemy, 
and reaching for the gun it was supposed he caught it 
by the muzzle, the lock catching some part of the saddle, 
discharged, the bullet struck him in the face and killed 
him instantly. "Bob," as he was called, was a brother-in- 
law of Alfred M. Taylor. He was a bright, brave boy 
and a general favorite in the Regiment. We would note 
here that young Pride had a brother killed in this same 
campaign who was fighting on the other side. 

On the morning of the 30th the soldiers of the Thir- 
teenth had dressed a lot of sheep taken from John Burts 
and were preparing them for breakfast when the report 
came that Quartermaster-Sergeant W. B. C. Smith had 
been captured. "Pulltrigger" had ventured too far out- 
side the lines to see a young lady that he knew, and paid 
dearly for the indiscretion, as he was taken to prison and 
did not rejoin the Regiment for several months. The re- 
port of the capture of Sergeant Smith caused the Regi- 
ment to be hastily called out, and, leaving their sheep, the 
men started in pursuit of the rebels without getting break- 
fast. Many of the Regiment were now within a few miles 
of their homes and the fighting that was to follow — the 
cannonading, and even the musketry — could be heard by 
mothers, wives and sisters of these men, and every sound 
sent a pang to their hearts, not knowing but a loved one 
had been sent into eternity. Our men were much elated 
at the prospect of seeing their homes and loved ones soon, 
and vigorously pushed the enemy back towards Carter's 
Depot. The rebels made a stand at Maglin Sherfy's brick 
house, about 2>^ miles east of Johnson's Depot (City). 
The artillery was moved up and opened a lively fire with 


the four-inch Parrett guns. Captain Wilcox was in com- 
mand of a strong skirmish Hne that had been put for- 
ward and Company G. was in command of Lieut. S. P. 
Angel,, who had just been promoted from Sergeant- 
Major of the Regiment to First Lieutenant of that com- 
pany. The Thirteenth made a charge through a corn- 
field, and was received by a spirited fire from the front 
and left of the Regiment. Lieut. Northington, who was 
in command of Company L, and with the second battalion 
on the right, received a galling fire and his company was 
driven back a short distance but reformed and joined 
again in the gallant charge that dislodged the enemy, and 
drove them in the direction of Carter's Depot. Capt. 
Wilcox was in the hottest of the fight and was injured in 
a singular manner. While firing at the enemy a ball 
struck the barrel of his pistol with such force as to send 
the pistol back against his face. Col. Miller and Col. In- 
gerton were both in the thickest of the fight. Col. Miller 
was grazed on the neck by a bullet, and his horse was 
severely wounded. Lieut. Angel had his horse shot from 
under him while leading his company. All the officers 
and men acted with the greatest coolness and bravery. 

The enemy was found in position again at Carter's De- 
pot on the west side of the Watauga river and were 
protected by artillery and a strong force occupying a 
strong position near the railroad station across the river. 
The Thirteenth now awaited the Ninth and artillery be- 
fore renewing the attck. The Ninth came up about 3 
P. M. and took position below the railroad bridge and 
the artillery was placed in position. Considerable skir- 
mishing and artillery firing w^as kept up that afternoon 
and night. Companies A. and B. under Lieut. Carriger 
and Capt. Dyer were attacked near the river and a sharp 
fight ensued but they held the position. 

On the morning of October i a piece of artillery was 
pulled up on top of Bogard's Knob, a high eminence over- 
looking the village of Carter's Depot, by the members 
of Company F, under command of Lieut. Ferguson. With 
this piece, Lieut. Patterson soon dismounted a piece of the 


enemy's artillery across the river, and killed some of the 
horses. He also sent a shot through a large house in 
which some of the enemy were posted ; at the same time 
the Ninth Tennessee Cavalry made a charge across the 
river, and the Thirteenth following, the enemy were dis- 
lodged from their stronghold and retreated in the direc- 
tion of Zollicoffer, to which point they were followed by 
the Ninth, capturing a piece of artillery and a number 
of prisoners. 

While these operations were going on at Carter's De- 
pot the Fifteenth Pennsylvania Cavalry were engaged 
with a superior force of the enemy at Devault's Ford, a 
few miles down the river. The Fifteenth, after a gallant 
resistance was driven back, leaving our rear exposed and 
rendering it necessary for the Brigade to fall back. 

We had confidently hoped to join Gen. Burbridge and 
defeat the enemy in Southwest Virginia and that here- 
after our homes would be free from the enemy, but Bur- 
bridge was defeated with heavy loss at Saltville before 
the forces under Generals Gillem and Ammen were able 
to form a junction with him, and he was recalled from 
Southwest Virginia. This made it necessary for our 
command to fall back again to Bull's Gap. 

While at Carter's Depot the news had reached Eliza- 
bethton and vicinity that the Thirteenth with Col. Mil- 
ler's Brigade had driven Gen. Vaughn out and was still 
at Carter's Depot. Old men, women and children began 
to flock in to see the "Yankee boys," many of whom were 
their kinsmen and friends. There was great rejoicing 
and many kisses and embraces were exchanged. It was 
the happiest day that had passed over our heads since 
we left home. Gen. Gillem and Col. Miller generously 
issued sugar, coffee and tea to our visitors, from our com- 
missary stores, and it was doubtless the first of these lux- 
uries some of these people had had for many a day. 

On the afternoon of October 3d Col. Miller received 
permission to take such of the Thirteenth, as desired to 
go, to Elizabethton, and from there join the command 
again at Raider's Hill on the following morning. The 


Opportunity was seized with joy by the Carter county 
men, many of whose homes were in that vicinity. 

We arrived at EHzabethton at 9 P. M. It is useless 
to attempt to describe the pleasure it gave us to meet our 
families and friends again and see the dear old town that 
had been the scene of all our joys and sorrows in boy- 
hood's happy days. The people, old and young, were 
equally delighted to see us. The ties of affection were 
so strong there among the Union people that kinship 
made little difference. "A fellow-feeling made us all 
akin." But our joy was short-lived. At midnight we bade 
the old town adieu and joined the command at Raider's 
Hill at daylight. 

On the 4th we marched to Henderson's Depot, and 
on the 5th marching at daylight, and pasing through 
Greeneville. we arrived at Bull's Gap just at dark. We 
learned that Col. George W. Kirk with the Third North 
Carolina Mounted Infantry had been left in charge of this 
place while we were gone. 

On the 8th we moved south of Russellville where we 
were joined by the Eighth Tennessee Cavalry under Col. 
S. K. N. Patton. This splendid regiment had been see- 
ing service in other fields and though assigned to our 
Brigade at its formation had not, for some reason, joined 
us until now. We were glad to welcome this brave and 
splendidly equipped regiment to our little Brigade and 
it was not long until its assistance was greatly needed and 

We returned to Bull's Gap on the nth of October. Im- 
riediately following our retrograde movement. Generals 
Williams and Vaughn had followed us, the former being 
reported at Newport. Tenn., and the latter at Carter's 
Depot, each with considerable force, and within helping 
distance of each other. Gen. Ammen with his coinmand 
had returned to Knoxville, leaving our Brigade, now con- 
sisting of the Eighth, Ninth and Thirteenth Cavalry and 
Patterson's Battery, again to take care of upper East 

On the 17th we left Bull's Gap at midnight, marched 


all night, and on the morning of the i8th the Brigade 
crossed the Holston river, intending to attack' a rebel 
force reported at Rogersville under Major Day, but thai 
officer learning of our advance retreated up the Clinch 
Valley pursued by a battalion of the Eighth Tennessee 
Cavalry under Major Sawyers. 

Late on the evening of the 19th we reached Bean's Sta- 
tion and found a small force of the enemy in a gap of 
the Clinch mountain. Our Regiment was ordered to t.oe 
front but the enemy soon disappeared and we went ini^o 

Gen. Gillem having learned that Gen. Williams had 
been ordered to join Hood and had left East Tennessee, 
determined to recross the Holston river and attack Gen. 
Vaughn's forces, now reported to be in the vicinity of 
Morristown, Tenn. Accordingly our command left 
Bean's Station on the 20th, passed through Rutledge, and 
recrossing the river came to Mossy Creek (now Jefferson 
City) on the 21st, where we found the enemy had des- 
troyed the railroad and burned the railroad bridge at that 
place. Our Brigade was detained here several days 
awaiting ammunition and necessary supplies before mov- 
mg on the enemy. 

On the 27th of October the Brigade left New Market 
going in the direction of Mossy Creek, the Thirteenth in 
advance. At Panther Springs, four or five miles west of 
Morristown, we met a force of about 250 of General 
Vaughn's brigade. Col. Ingerton, with a battalion of the 
Thirteenth, charged them, driving them in the direction 
of Morristown. In this little fight the enemy lost 3 
killed and 5 wounded. It being now after 5 o'clock, and 
the enemy being at Morristown, 5 miles away, it was 
decided to postpone the attack till morning. Leaving 
the wagon train under guard of two companies of the 
Ninth Tennessee Cavalry, the Brigade moved at 7 A. 
M. on the 28th, Col. Parsons, in command of the remain- 
ing companies of his regiment, in advance. The remain- 
ing troops marched in the following order. Thirteenth 
Tennessee Cavalry, Battery E First Tennessee Light Ar- 


tillery, Eighth Tennessee Cavalry. About 9 A. M. Col, 
Parsons came upon the enemy's skirmish line about one 
mile and a half from Morristown. He immediately 
charged and drove them back upon their main body which 
was found drawn up in two lines, one just west and the 
other east of Morristown. The lines extended entirely 
across the open fields, the flanks resting on the woods, and 
their artillery on the flanks of the second line. 


Gen. Gillem in his report to Governor Johnson describes 
the fight as follows : "I brought forward Patterson's 
battery and placing it on an eminence on our right flank 
shelled their front line for a short time while Lieu- 
tenant-Colonel Ingerton was forming his regiment in 
column of fours by companies. Everything being ready 
I ordered Col. Ingerton to charge the center and right 
of their front line. The distance separating our line from 
that of the enemy was about 1000 yards. The first 6oo 
of that distance was passed over at a walk, and with an 
utter disregard for the shower of shells hurled at them 
by the enemy's artillery, whic^i could not be replied to by 
our artillery without endangering our own troops. When 
about 400 yards from the enemy's line the regiment 
raised a trot. Soon after the enemy opened a musketry 
fire from his entire line and Ingerton charged. For a 
moment both parties were enveloped ; the next the rebels 
v.ere seen fleeing, hotly pursued by Ingerton's regiment. 
Just at this time the enemy endeavored to turn our right 
flank. Col. Parsons was ordered to meet this movement 
and turn the enemy's left flank. It was my intention not 
to charge their left flank and second line until Col. Par- 
sons had a position from which he could cut off their re- 
treat, but before Parsons could complete his move I per- 
ceived the enemy preparing to charge our battery. I 
immediately ordered Col. Patton of the Eighth Tennes- 
see Cavalry to charge their left and center whilst Col. 
Ingerton, who had reformed his regiment, charged the 
enemy's right. Both charges were gallantly made and the 
enemy completely routed." 


It will be seen from this report that in this fight the 
Thirteenth took a conspicuous part, charging and break- 
mg the enemy's first line alone, the other two regiments 
being held in reserve, and in conjunction with the Eighth, 
broke their second line, putting the command to flight. 
There now being no need of a reserve or support, the 
three regiments joined in the pursuit, following the enemy 
beyond Russellville. 

The loss of the enemy was 85 left dead on the field, in- 
cluding 6 officers ; 224 wounded and captured, including 
19 officers. General Vaughn, the commanding officer, was 
among the wounded. We captured 5 pieces of artillery 
with caissons complete, all their ammunition for small 
arms and 6 wagons. The loss of our Brigade was 8 
killed and 18 wounded. 

Gen. Gillem in the report from which we have quoted 
commended the gallantry of the entire Brigade and made 
special mention of Cols. Parsons and Brownlow of the 
Ninth, Captain Patterson and Lieut. Reagan of Battery 
E, Cols. Patton and Brown of the Eighth; and all the 
Brigade staff officers. Of Col. Ingerton he says : "Allow 
me to call your particular attention to Lt. -Colonel Inger- 
ton, commanding the Thirteenth Tennessee Cavalry, who 
led the first charge and broke the enemy's first line with- 
out firing a shot. I earnestly recommend that he be ap- 
pointed to the command of the first regiment of Ten- 
nessee troops that becomes vacant." 

There were several incidents of this fight worthy of 
mention, and which may be remembered by many of the 
survivors of the Regiment. When the rebel lines were 
broken and our men in close pursuit Capt. S. E. North- 
ington came up with a rebel officer, who, seeing that the 
Captain was some distance ahead of his men wheeled his 
horse and pointed a pistol at Northington, but the latter 
was not to be bluffed, but commenced striking the officer 
with his sw^ord until he turned and fled. Northington 
knew if the officer's pistol had been loaded he would have 
fired instead of threatened. 

It was reported before the battle that Gen. Gillem had 


'offered a silver cup to any officer or soldier who would 
capture Gen. Vaughn. The story was told after the fight 
that a young soldier pursued Vaughn and demanded his 
surrender and that Gen. Vaughn shot him dead. 

Lieut. B. A. Miller, of the Thirteenth, who was acting 
Aid-de-Camp on General Gillem's staff, captured a num- 
ber of fleeing rebels that day. 

One incident of this fight was peculiarly sad. Corporal 
Marion J. Garrison, of Co. G, Thirteenth Tennessee Cav- 
alry, whose home was near Morristown, was in the 
charge, and when the Regiment checked up for a few 
moments to draw sabres, young Garrison kept on towards 
the enemy, probably not noticing that the others had 
halted. He was fired on and fell from his horse dead. 
Corporal John (i. Shell, with a squad of men, was de- 
tailed to take him to his home and bury him. He was 
only 20 years old. 

After the fight at Morristown the Brigade moved up 
the river road to Greeneville; the Thirteenth went out 6 
miles east of that place to Henderson's Depot (now Af- 
ton) where we went into camp and commenced repairing 
the railroad. After his defeat Vaughn did not halt long- 
in his retreat until he reached the east bank of the Wa- 
tauga river at Carter's Depot. Believing now^ that he 
Avould not have the temerity to attack us again unless he 
should be largely reinforced, and supposing that, as the 
star of the Confederacy w^as now waning, their forces 
would be needed in other directions, we felt confident we 
were masters of the situation in East Tennessee. 

We remained here quietly, resting our, repair- 
mg wagons and taking a much needed rest ourselves 
sfter the various marches, countermarches, skirmishes 
and battles in which we had constantly been engaged for 
the past month. 

On the 8th of November we held an election in the 
Regiment, it having been made legal by the State Govern- 
ments for the troops throughout the entire army to vote in 
the Presidential election of 1864. We have no record of 
the vote, but it is safe to say every vote cast that day by 


the soldiers of the Thirteenth was for the Lincohi and 
Jolmson Electors. The intention of the movement of the 
Brii4?de up the country seems to have heen to allow th.e. 
Union people in East Tennessee to vote as far as possible. 
The Northern Democracy, under the name of the "Peace 
Party," were making a strong fight for McClellan and 
Pendleton, and no doubt, could the Southern army have, 
voted, the chances of their election would have been vety 
good. The spectacle of the ex-Commander-in-Chief of 
the Army of the United States receiving the vote of a 
large number of Northern people, and the support of the 
Southern press, and the mention of his name eliciting the 
cheers of the Southern army is a sad comment upon the 
loyalty of a large class of Northern people at this time. 

Contrary to our expectations the Confederate authori- 
ties were not yet disposed to relinquish their hold upon 
East Tennessee. Major General John C. Breckenridge 
commanding the Department (Confederate) of Western 
Virginia and East Tennessee with Headquarters at this 
time at Witherville, Virginia, upon the defeat of Vaughn 
at Morristown on October 28, immediately began prepar- 
ations to drive Miller's Brigade out of Upper East Ten- 
nessee and threaten Knoxville. For this purpose he had 
assembled Vaughn's and Duke's (Morgan'sold command) 
Cavalry, together with Cosby's, Giltner's, Palmer's and 
Crittenden's forces, some East Tennessee reserves, and 
fuur i:;?-pounder and two 6-pounder howitzers undfr Ma- 
jor Page, chief of artillery. This force amounting in all 
to about 5000 troops. These troops were nearly all vet- 
erans seasoned by many raids and campaigns, and com- 
manded by experienced ofificers. They were under the 
command of Gen. Breckenridge who was regarded as one 
of the bravest and ablest Generals in the Confederate 

Opposed to this force was Col. Miller's Brigade, under 
the supervision of Gen. A. C. Gillem. who had now been 
promoted to Brigadier General. The Brigade was now 
known as "The Third Brigade, Fourth Division, Army of 
the Cumberland." It contained the same organizations. 


that fought Vaughn at Morristown, viz : the Eighth^ 
Ninth and Thirteenth Tennessee Cavalry, and Batteries 
E and G, First Tennessee Light Artillery, amounting in 
all to about 2000 effective men. 

Brigadier General Jacob Ammen was in command of 
the forces at Knoxville and reporting to Gen. Schofield, 
while Gen. Gillem was acting under orders from Gover- 
nor Johnson. Our Brigade was of course in the regular 
service of the United States, but Governor Johnson had 
it detached by an order of the War Department to operate 
in East Tenness. It was unfortunate that Gen. Ammen 
and Gen. Gillem were jealous of each other. Each held 
the same rank and Gen. Ammen was afraid if Gillem 
achieved any great success he might receive promotion 
and obtain a higher rank in the army than himself. Thii 
spirit of jealousy has always been hurtful to the service- 
not only in'the volunteer, but in the regular armv as well.. 



Bull"s Gap Stampede. — Full Particulars. — Result of Jealousy 
Between Commanding Officers. — Gen. Ammen Censured. — ■ 
Heavy Loss of the 3rd Brigade. — Brave Defense of the Gap 
Before the Stampede. 

Learning of the approach of Gen. Breckenridge with 
his superior force, on the 9th, a battalion of the Thirteenth 
was sent out on the Jonesboro road as far as Limestone 
Depot and a battaHon of the Eighth on the river road as 
far as Broylesville; the remainder of the Brigade fahing 
back to Greeneville. From this place Gen. Gillem tele- 
graphed to Gen. Ammen, advising him of the approach 
of Gen. Breckenridge with a superior force and asking 
his assistance. Gen. Ammen had a number of regiments 
under his command in the vicinity of Knoxville, among 
these was the 4th Tennessee Infantry, which was anxious 
to 'come to our aid. and no good reason has ever been as- 
signed for not sending some of them to the assistance of 
our Brigade. 

At about 9 P. M. of the 9th the scouts returned and re- 
ported that Breckenridge was advancing by the Jones- 
boro and river roads towards Greeneville. The Brigade 
evacuated that place at 10 P. M., falling back to Bull's 
Gap, which from its position afiforded better facilities for 
fighting a superior force. 

Bull's Gap is a depression in Bay's mountain, the rail- 
road and State road running in a curved line through the 
lowest part of it. To the north two spurs rising rather 
abruptly extend back a distance of a mile or more to the 
main mountain. These spurs are separated from each 
other by a deep basin or hollow, making the sides of the 
h'llls quite steep, and the summits vary in width from 50 
to 100 yards, and at that time they were partly covered 
with forest trees. On the south side of the railroad the 
elevation was hardly so great. 


During the nth the defenses were strengthened as 
much as possible and preparations made to repel the as- 
saults of the enemy who was expected at any time. Gen. 
Gillem again appealed to Gen. Ammen for assistance and 
telegraphed Mr. Brownlow to use his influence with Gen. 
Ammen to send reinforcements. 

In the afternoon Lieutenants Freels and Northing- 
ton were sent out in the direction of Lick Creek with 
parts of Companies H and L They had not gone far 
until they received a galling fire from behind 
an old fence grown up with briars and bushes, 
behind which the enemy was concealed. Com- 
pany H received the brunt of the fire, having 7 
men wounded out of 30. Samuel Thompson made almost 
a miraculous escape. A shot took oiif one of his fingers 
and struck h's belt buckle with such force as to knock 
liim off his horse just as the company was turning to re- 
treat. Lieut. Freels and other members of the company 
stopped under the heavy fire to assist Thompson on his 
horse, and all retreated under the gyns of the fort. In 
this skirmish Lieut. Freels was wounded in the hand, 
the same ball cutting his bridle rein and striking the 
pommel of his saddle in front of his body. 

The enemy was now seen in large numbers, and it was 
learned that Gen ^^aughn had gone by way of Warrens- 
burg to attack our position in the rear while Gen. Breck- 
enridge would make the assault in front. 

At 4 A. M. on the 12th our men were in line of battle, 
Major Wagner on the left of the east ridge. Major 
Doughty occupying an earth-works on the south side of 
the railroad. Major Underwood's Battalion was formed 
across the railroad west of the two ridges and facing 

Four pieces of the battery were on the west ridge sup- 
ported by six companies of the Eighth Tennessee Cavalry 
under Major Deakins; and tw^o pieces in the earth works 
occupied by Major Doughty. 

At day-light on the morning of the 12th the enemy 
opened a heavy fire of artillery from a battery posted to 


our left, and a demonstration was made on the fort oc- 
cupied by Major Doughty on the south side of the rail- 
road. This force merely made a feigned demonstration 
in that direction and turning to the right made an assault 
on the left of the east ridge, while almost simultaneously 
Gen. Duke led an assault on the west ridge, occupied by 
our artillery. 

After a gallant resistance against overwhelming odds 
Major Wagner's battalion had to fall back, contesting 
the ground as it went, but before the enemy reached 
the south end of the ridge Capt. Wilcox, who had been 
on the south side of the railroad, considerably west of the 
hill, was ordered up and coming at a gallop left his 
horses at the foot of the ridge and went at double-quick 
up the hill; and about the same time Major Doughty's 
battalion, which had been ordered across from the south 
side of the railroad, with Company D in front, came at 
double-quick also, and the two forces joining Major 
Wagner, the rebels, who were coming on with a yell, 
were halted and then driven back with a charge. In the 
meantime Gen. Duke had made a furious attack on the 
works occupied by the Eighth under Major Deakins. 
This assault being repulsed was renewed two or three 
times the enemy came up within a few yards of the artil- 
lery but were repeatedly driven back, our men finally driv- 
ing them off of the hill. While these charges were being 
made and repulsed Gen. Vaughn attacked the Ninth Ten- 
nesee Cavalry under Col. Parsons in our rear on the 
Knoxville road; this attack was handsomely repulsed, 
the enemy leaving 'i captain and 8 privates dead 
on the field. Although artillery firing and skirmishing 
continued during the day the enemy did not renew the 
assault. While these assaults were being made our bat- 
teries were doing splendid work from an open space on 
the west ridge. The fight had been fast and furious. The 
roar of cannon, the rattle of musketry and the yells of the 
contending soldiers and all enveloped in a dense smoke 
A^-ere scenes and sounds not soon to be forgotten. 

In the last charge the enemy moving up through a 


ravine made an assault upon the battery that had done 
such good service in sweeping the ridges to the right, 
they reached within a few yards of one piece and killed 
some of the horses. They were under the hill so the ar- 
tillery could not be brought to bear on them. Lieut, Pat- 
terson, placing the limber of the piece on his shoulder, 
thus depressing the muzzle, ordered his men to fire. The 
rebound of the piece threw him to the ground, but it sent 
grape and canister into the ranks of the enemy. This 
was repeated more than once by this brave officer until 
the blood streamed out of his nostrils, but it saved his 

General Duke in writing an account of the fight since 
the war and speaking of the men who withstood his as- 
saults, said : "The enemy were good fighters and our loss 
was heavy." He said further, "Col. Ward made re- 
peated assaults on their w'orks; he advanced within 30 
yards of their works, the men were staggered by their 
fire, halted and could not be made to advance. The 
Yankees sprang over their works and advanced upon 

Early on the morning of the 13th the firing began all 
along the line, but the day passed without the enemy 
renewing the effort to carry the position. We were now- 
short of ammunition both for artillery and small arms. 
We had been fighting for four days with scarcely anything 
to eat and with no feed for our horses. We were sur- 
rounded by a superior force who were being daily rein- 
forced, and we could hear of no assistance coming to our 
aid. We had repulsed every attack and had inflicted 
"heavy losses upon the enemy, but it now became absolute- 
ly necessary to attempt to fight our way out and make 
our w^ay to Knoxville or remain there and for w^ant o^ 
ammunition and subsistence, surrender finally to the 

A consultation was held with Gen. Gillem, Col. Miller 
and all the regimental officers present, and it was decided 
to make the retreat that night, November 13th, 1864. It 
was a clear crisp November night wath the full moon al- 


most as bright as day. At 8 P. M. the command ijioved 
out in the following order : Two companies of the Ninth 
Tennessee Cavalry under Major Hornsby; the wagon 
and pack-train followed by the remainder of the Ninth, 
under Col. Parsons; the artillery; two battalions of the 
Eighth Tennessee Cavalry bringing up the rear, under 
Col. Patton. Col. John K. Miller with the Thirteenth 
Tennessee Cavalry, commanded by Col. Ingerton, and 
two battalions of the Eighth Tennessee Cavalry, were 
left at Bull's Gap to prevent the enemy from obtaining 
knowledge of our movements until the train had got well 
under way. This latter force was to leave at lo P. M. 
and act as a rear guard. In bringing the artillery off of 
the hill that night it seemed to make tremendous noise 
and no doubt the enemy suspected that we were preparing 
to retreat, for a continual fire was kept up on the troops 
under Col. Miller. The main command passed safely 
through Whitesburg, and Gen. Gillem learning that a 
train with reinforcements had reached Morristown, held 
the command at Russellville, having ordered the rein- 
forcements to move up to that place and form at the in- 
tersection'of the Arnet road upon which the enemy was 
now coming in pursuit, and that if they (the reinforce- 
ment) were attacked to hold the enemy in check, and that 
he (Gillem) would attack the enemy both in front and 
rear. With this plan in view Gen. Gillem passed his 
force to the front of the wagon train and moved on in 
this order to Russellville. Hearing nothing of the rein- 
forcements upon arriving at that place, and knowing the 
enemy was in force upon his left flank Gen. Gillem or- 
dered Col. Patton, with 2 battalions of his regiment, to 
hold the position at the intersection of the road until the 
wagon train passed. The command then moved on to 
Judge Barton's place where another road intersects the 
main road and Gen. Gillem was in the act of placing the 
Ninth Tennessee Cavalry in position here when the 
wagon train was attacked at Col. Patton's position. Col. 
P<atton repulsed the enemy at first but the attack was re- 
newed with increasing numbers, and Col. Patton fell into 




< M 

< C. 

o .-- 

< ID 

w CO 




seme disorder after the wagon train had passed on. The 
enemy came on with a rush but met with a gallant re- 
sistance by Col. Parsons with the Ninth Tennessee Cav- 
alry, who held them in check for a considerable time, un- 
til his ammunition was exhausted. In the meantime Gen. 
Gillem learned that the reinforcements that had been sent 
to Morristown consisted of only 300 dismounted cavalry 
and infantry under Major Smith, and that officer did not 
feel justified in moving the train forward or separating 
his men from it, but finally agreed to move the train a 
mile down the road and form his men on the crest of a 
hill. This was done and the artillery placed in position 
commanding the road. Col. Parsons' regiment having 
exhausted its ammunition and being hard pressed fell 
back in confusion, the enemy coming on in close pursuit. 
Part of the Eighth and Ninth Cavalry were rallied and 
formed at this point, and the enemy coming through the 
open field were received with a deadly fire of artillery 
double-shotted with canister, and by fire from the infan- 
try and dismounted cavalry under Major Smith, lying 
behind a fence. The enemy recoiled and fell back a short 
distance but soon came on again with a charge and yell 
and our men became panic-stricken, and all efforts to hold 
them in position were fruitless. The artillery was now 
without ammunition and useless and was ordered back. 
It had only proceeded a few hundred yards when the en- 
emy charged and put to flight the few soldiers now re- 
maining. The men had now became thoroughly panic- 
stricken and no threats or persuasion could induce them 
tc ofifer any further resistance. A large number were cap- 
tured but when the enemy came on to the wagon train 
and commenced looting it, many escaped. It was certain- 
ly a night of horror for our Brigade, but the scene was 
relieved by many brave deeds of ofiticers and men. 
Heroic efforts were made by brave officers to re-form at 
different points, but the men out of ammunition and in 
confusion had lost all confidence and could not be pre- 
vailed on to make another stand. In the first onslaughts 
of the enemy all did nobly. At one point when our men 


were liring on the enemy the voice of Lt. Kelly, of Gen. 
Gillem's staff, could be heard shoutins^- to the men : "Shoot 
low, boys; shoot low." We could hear some rebel officer 
shouting "Close up, Major Day, close up!" Capt. Patter- 
son and his officers clung to the artillery till the last mo- 
ment. It was said that after the rebels were all around 
it and seeing it was hopeless to remain longer Patterson 
mounted one of the artillery horses that had been cut 
loose and in the confusion rode away. All the officers 
did every thing possible to avert the disaster. 

Col. Miller, who had been left with Col. Ingerton and 
Major Deakin of the Eighth, after expending what re- 
mained of the ammunition, left the Gap at lo o'clock ac- 
cording to arrangements, with Capt. Wilcox's company 
forming the rear guard. Wq passed through Whites- 
burg, and the head of the column reached Russellville 
when a heavy fire was opened on us from our right by 
Gen. Vaughn's brigade, which had got between us and 
the main command. Col. Ingerton was at the head of 
the Regiment, and believing at first that we were being 
fired on by the Ninth Tennessee Cavalry through mistake 
— it being night, — sent Adjutant Scott to correct the mis- 
take and have the firing stopped. That officer, accom- 
panied by his orderly, John S. Hilton, soon discovered 
that the force were rebels and in attempting to escape 
from them had his horse killed, but made his escape into 
the woods on foot, falling in with another dismounted 
comrade soon afterwards. The Regiment being in column 
was not in position to charge and was thrown into confu- 
sion by this unexpected attack. Reaching the west side 
of the town, and the rebels coming on with a rush and 
yell, our officers could not hold the men together. Here 
the Regiment turned to the right and for awhile the great- 
est confusion prevailed, every man acting at will and 
trying to take care of himself. Vaughn did not pursue 
them far but went on in the direction of Morristown. The 
Thirteenth and Major Deakins' two battalions, after 
reaching the Holston river, all got together except a few 
who had been captured or dismounted at Russellville, and 


crossed the river, and after procuring something to eat, 
and resting and feeding their horses, proceeded in good 
Older to Strawberry Plains and from there to Love's 
Creek, 5 miles east of Knoxville, where the Brigade went 
into camp. 

The losses of the Brigade in this disastrou> afTair were 
heavy, including our six pieces of artillery with caissons 
complete; our entire wagon and pack trains, ambulances 
and horses together with small arms, colors and about 
150 prisoners. Sergeant J. A. Shoun, of Co. D, was cap- 
tured and escaped by jumping ofif the train at Carter's 
Depot and rejoined the Regiment. 

Gen. Breckenridge followed, threatening Strawberry 
Plains and sending a force in below that place burning 
the railroad bridge at Flat Creek and threatening Knox- 

(ien. Ammen who had been so tarfly in going to Gen- 
eral Gillem's aid, and who had given as the reason for not 
sending reinforcements, that he knew Breckenridge had 
only 1200 men and Gillem ought to be able to take care 
of himself, was now thoroughly alarmed for the safety 
of Knoxville and telegraphed to Gen. Sherman that 
"Breckenridge is said to be in command of from 2000 to 
8000 men," and to Gen. Steadman that "the enemy are 
5000 strong," and again : "The enemy is reported cross- 
ing the Holston at Strawberry Plains with a large force; 
number not known. Will you send me assistance if I 
need it?" 

It will be seen that the enemy had grown materially 
in the estimation of Gen. Ammen since he told Mr. W. G. 
Brownlow^ in the presence of Col. R. R. Butler a few 
ilays before, when Gen. Gillem was importuning him for 
assistance that Breckenridge had only 1200 men. Gen. 
Ammen kept the wires busy for four or five days wiring 
Gens. Steadman and Stoneman about the dangerous po- 
sition of Knoxville. 

On the afternoon of the i6th the Regiment moved to 
the Fair Grounds two miles east of Knoxville and went 
into camp. On lihe 17th the enemy was reported west of 


Strawberry Plains and the Regiment was ordered out to 
reconnoiter. We found the enemy in force near the 
Flat Creek railroad bridge which he had burned and 
an engagement followed. The fighting continued for 
two hours until almost dark, our men showing no signs 
of the demoralization of the stampede but fought with 
their old time gallantry. 

On the 1 8th the entire Brigade was ordered out, but 
the enemy having withdrawn from the rear of Straw- 
berry Plains we returned on the 19th and moved our 
camp on to a ridge south of the Fair grounds. 

Gen. Gillem in his report to Governor Johnson called 
attention to the gallantry displayed in repelling the as- 
saults of the enemy at Bull's Gap on the 12th by Col. 
John K. Miller, Lieut. -Col. William H, Ingerton, Major 
J. H. Wagner, Captain C. C. Wilcox, of the Thirteenth, 
and also the officers of the Eighth and Ninth and the 
Light Artillery, as well as the members of his staff, in- 
cluding Lieut. B. A. Miller of our Regiment. 



After the Stampede. — Brigade Shows no Demoralization. — 
Death of Col. Ingcrton. — B. P. Stacy Appointed Lt.-Col. and 
Assumes Command of Regiment. — Many Changes in Offi- 
cers. — Camp-Life at Cantonment Springs. — Preparing for a 
Winter Campaign. 

The weather was now quite cold and the Regiment 
having drawn tents and equipments went to work to get 
things in order, and rest from the recent hard service and 
disaster. Stragglers and many who had been dismounted 
and cut off the night of the stampede, and had been re- 
ported captured or missing" came into camp nearly every 
day. Adjutant Scott whose horse had been killed at Rus- 
sellville and who in company with his orderly, John S. 
Hilton, and a dismounted Eighth Tennessee cavalryman, 
made their way to Morristown on foot that night, came 
into camp on the 24th. Reaching Morristown the morn- 
ing after the retreat just at daylight Adjutant Scott and 
his orderly Hilton started to go into town, supposing the 
ti'oops they could see there were our Brigade. Upon 
nearer approach he found they were rebels, or from ap- 
pearances suspected they were, and reached a woods some 
distance north of the town without being discovered. 
Young Hilton, who was only about 16 years old, and 
small for his age, not being able to find pants small enough 
for him had on citizens' pants and also a citizens' hat. He 
concealed his cavalry jacket and went into town to find 
out the situation. Not returning Adjutant Scott and the 
cavalryman (who was still with him) remained in con- 
cealment all day and that night, the 14th and the morn- 
ing of the 15th, made their way to the Holston river, 
crossed it in a canoe and went down the river to the 
house of a Union man whose name he has forgotten, who 


lived in the vicinity of Riitledge. On tlie way there the 
two men narrowly escaped capture trying to get some- 
thing to eat. The country was full of rebel soldiers, 
many of their homes being in this locality and at every 
house these men went to they would either see horses 
tied up, or stepping up to the window, see soldiers in the 
house. One place they were discovered and pursued but 
the house w'as near a woods and they escaped. Finally 
reaching the house of the Union man referred to 
they were fed and kindly treated. Adjutant Scott being 
too much fatigued and worn out to attempt to reach 
Strawberry Plains, 20 miles away, besides the danger 
0/ being captured as the rebels were now all through the 
country hunting for men who had been cut off, remained 
with this Union man until the 23d of November, his 
comrade of the Eighth finding quarters with another 
Union family in the vicinity. This friend in need fur- 
nished him with a suit of butternut jeans and an old 
straw hat and he hid his uniform in a straw pen. In this 
way he was completely disguised. While here Adjutant 
Scott heard of a copy of the "Knoxville Whig" giving 
an account of the stampede and went to a house about two 
miles away, in the night, to see the paper. He found the 
full account of the stampede with his own name among* 
the killed or missing. 

On the night of the 23d he started for Strawberry 
Plains going with a pilot through the hills until reaching 
our pickets the next morning. At Strawberry Plains he 
was kindly treated by Col. Trowbridge and soon found 
an opportunity to go to Knoxville on a pay car. Going 
up Gay street he met Col. Ingerton on horseback going 
out to camp, but who returned with him to the Franklin 
Flouse, where he met Mrs. Ingerton and also Mrs. Gen. 
Gillem. That night Adjutant Scott went out to camp 
where he joined ''the boys" in drinking each others' 
health in a few bottles of excellent wine procured for the 
occasion, and in mutual rejoicing that we were all alive. 

The following day. Nov. 25th, witnessed the saddest 
event that had vet befallen our Resriment. Gen. Gillem's 


. headquarters were at the Franklin House in the city. 
Mrs. Gillem and their Httle daughter were with him and 
Mrs. Ingerton was also a guest of the hotel. Col. In- 
gerton spent as much of his time as he could spare from 
his duties as commanding officer of the Regiment would 
permit with his wife. 

On the 25th of November Col. Ingerton with a num- 
ber of others were sitting in the lobby of the hotel, the 
Colonel holding Gen. Gillem's little daughter on his knee. 
J H. \\'alker, who had been a Lieutenant in the 2d Ten- 
nessee Cavalry, came into the hotel and took a seat near 
Col. Ingerton, and acting as if intoxicated leaned rudely 
over against him. Col. Ingerton pushed him away from 
him to protect the little girl, and then recognizing the 
man as an ex-Federal officer who had a grudge against 
him told him if he had any grievance against him that he 
(Walker) could find him at any time, and if he would 
come to him in the proper condition he would settle this 
matter to his satisfaction. Col. Ingerton then set the 
little girl down and started to walk across the corridor 
of the hotel suspecting no danger from this man. Hear- 
ing some one behind him he turned and con- 
fronted Walker, who had drawn his pistol and 
was in the act of firing. Ingerton hastily sprang 
towards his assailant, caught hold of him and 
partially turned him around but Walker succeeded 
in firing the pistol, the ball taking effect in Colonel Inger- 
tv-n's abdomen, inflicting a fatal wound. With some as- 
sistance he walked to his room on the second floor of the 
iioiel. On the receipt of this news in camp the officers 
and men of the Regiment were greatly enraged, as were 
tlie entire Brigade. Immediately after the shooting 
Capt. D. M. Nelson of Gen. Gillem's staff, who w-as a 
"warm friend of Col. Ingerton. and a braA^e and resolute 
young officer, procured a shot gun, repaired to the hotel 
and attempted to shoot Walker, but just as he was in 
the act of firing some one knocked the muzzle of the gun 
up and its contents were discharged into the ceiling of 
the hotel office. 


Walker was arrested and placed in jail. There was 
great excitement and indignation in the Regiment and 
threats of lynching were heard on all sides. The officers 
of the Regiment went in a body to Gen. Gillem's rooms 
in the Franklin House and asked that the assassin be 
turned over to them, stating if it was not done theyi 
would bring the Regiment into the city, break down the 
doors of the jail and drag the murderer out and hang 
him. Gen. Gillem told them he would pledge his honor 
as an officer that Walker should be tried at once and it 
not properly punished they could take the matter into 
their own hands. 

Col. Ingerton lingered in great agony until December 
8, when his spirit took its flight. During this time he 
was often delirious from the inflammation that had set 
up from the wounds, and would fight over the re- 
cent battles in which he had been engaged at Greene ville, 
Morristown and Bull's Gap ; calling on his favorite offi- 
cers to charge the enemy. 

His remains were embalmed and taken charge of by his 
wife and faithful friend Lieut. James Reese, who had 
been his associate in the Fourth U. S. Cavalry, and taken 
to Zenia, Ohio, the home of his wife for burial. 

Lieut.-Colonel Ingerton was a born soldier, brave, dis- 
creet and with capacity to grasp a situation in an instant, 
and the intelligence to act at the proper time. He was 
no boaster, and was always watchful of his men and 
made no needless sacrifice of life. A Brigadier's star 
would have been a most graceful acknowledgment of his 
service in East Tennessee, and he would have worn it 
with credit to himself and honor to the service. 

Previous to joining the Thirteenth Tennessee Cavalry 
Col. Ingerton was Acting Provost Marshal on the Staff 
of Gen. W. Sooy Smith in the Mississippi campaign in 
the Spring of 1864. It was alleged by Col. Ingerton's 
friends he had preferred charges against Lieut. Walker 
for cowardice in the presence of the enemy at the battle 
of Okalona, Miss., and that Walker was convicted and 
dismissed from the service. The friends of Walker 


claimed that the charges were preferred against him for 
drunkenness and disorderly conduct while at Memphis, 
Tenn. In either case it was a cowardly assassination, 
Col. Ingerton having only done his duty as Provost Mar- 
shal in preferring charges against an unworthy officer. 
Walker escaped from jail and was never prosecuted. We 
have been informed that about ten years ago (1892), 
while in an intoxicated condition, he met a tragic death 
near his home in Sevier county, Tenn. Returning from 
his saw-mill to his home in a vehicle drawn by a mule, 
he fell out of the vehicle and frightened the animal. His 
<:iothing was caught and he was dragged to his death. 
Walker's name does not appear upon the rolls of the 2d 
Tennessee Cavalry. 

After the death of Lieut. -Col. Ingerton, Major George 
W. Doughty being next in rank was, according to mili- 
tary usages, entitled to promotion to the rank of Lieuten- 
ant-Colonel of the Thirteenth. The officers and men had 
-the greatest respect for Major Doughty and believed him 
in every way capable of commanding the Regiment. The 
friends of Captain B. P. Stacy, who had now been pro- 
moted to Captain of Company F, vice Captain Frederick 
Siimp, who had resigned on account of physical disabil- 
ity, claimed that owing to greater experience and longer 
service in the army, he would make the most efficient 
Lieutenant-Colonel, and insisted on his promotion over 
all the Captains who were his seniors in rank, and over 
the Majors to this position. This created a serious dis- 
turbance in the Regiment and came near ending in in- 
subordination and riot. 

Major Doughty had cheerfully submitted to the pro- 
motion of Col. Ingerton over him. and even favored it, 
believing at that time the good of the service and the best 
interests of the Regiment would be promoted by having 
a commanding officer of Ingerton' s experience to train 
them for service. But he felt now that he himself had 
had considerable experience and was justly entitled to the 

Major Doughty had many friends in the Regiment and 


the men and officers who had served under him during- 
the siege of Knoxville and many others, including Cap- 
tain Dervin, of Company K, and Lieutenants Walker 
and Freels, were warmly attached to him. Major 
Doughty and his friends firmly and openly protested 
against the appointment of Captain Stacy and threatened 
to revolt in case it was done. 

Captain Stacy also had many w^arm friends in the 
Regiment and was exceedingly popular, and through the 
influence of Col. Miller and Gen. Gillem he was commis- 
sioned Lieutenant-Colonel. Major Doughty, who was 
iij command of the Regiment since the shooting of Col. 
Ingerton, feeling deeply mortified and angry at what he 
considered a great wrong done him, refused to submit to 
it. He called on the officers and soldiers of the Regi- 
ment who were his friends to form in line and assist him 
and he would openly resist. A number of his friends 
signified their willingness and a serious conflict seemed 
imminent. The Regiment was called to arms and the 
disturbance finally quelled. Major Doughty was arrested 
but was soon released. He refused, however, to take 
command of his battalion, and sent in his resignation. 
The command was now ready to start on the raid into 
Southwest Virginia under General Stoneman. On this 
raid Major Doughty acted as Chief of Staff by appoint- 
ment on General' Gillem's staff and did excellent service 
in that memorable campaign. 



First Sloncnian Raid Into Southwest Virginia. — Cold 
Weather and Hard Marching. — Fights at Rogersville and 
Kingsport. — Death of Capt. Jas. B. Wyatt at Abingdon. — 
Pursuit of Gen. Vaughn. — I'ight in Marion Before Day-Light. 
Death of Capt. Wm. M. Gourley. — Fight at Mt. Arie. — At 
Saltville. — Gallant Charge and Capture of Fort Brecken- 
ridge. — Regiment Complimented by Gen. Stonenian — Suffer- 
ing From Cold and Hard Marching. — Return to Knoxville. — 
In Winter Quarters. — Social Life at Knoxville. 



Some part of Breckenridge's coininand had remained 
ir East Tennessee since our defeat at Bull's Gap. Our 
Brigade and the forces of General .\mmen were now to 
join forces with JMajor-General Burbridge and this en- 
tn-e command under Gen. George S. Stoneman was as- 
signed the task of destroying King's Saltworks, tearing 
up the railroads, burning the bridges of the East Tennes- 
see and Virginia Railroad to Witheville, Va., and de- 
stroy the lead mines at that place. In these operations 
we were again to meet the commands of Generals Vaughn 
and Duke, our ancient enemies, whose men we had re- 
peatedly defeated, but who had at last succeeded in driv- 
ing us from Bull's Gap and captured our artillery and 
^vagon-train. This was our first active service since that 
disastrous stampede, and we were more than anxious to 
retrieve the reputation we had lost, and punish the enemy 
for the severe blow he had dealt us. 

Our Brigade had been newdy equipped with arms and 
horses and now numbered about 1500 men. 


The only commissioned officers of the Field and Staff 
who were on duty with the Regiment on this raid were 
Lieut.-Col. B. P. Stacy, Major VV. H. Matlock, Surgeon, 
Major J. H. Wagner, Adjutant S. W. Scott and Lieut. 
S. P. Angel, Acting Regimental Commissary. 

The Regiment left Knoxville on the loth of December, 
1864, moving in the direction of Bean's Station, where 
we joined Gen. Burbridge and were provided with five 
aay's rations. Our Regiment took the advance here 
moving in the direction of Rogersville. On the night 
of the 1 2th we encamped near the residence of a Mr. 
Bassett, where the officers of the Field and Staff found 
opportunity to dry their clothing which had been satu- 
rated with rain and mud that day, and enjoy the luxury 
of a warm bed for the last time for several days. Here 
we met a young lady, Miss Vaughn, who claimed relation- 
ship with Gen. Vaughn, a gentleman with whom we had 
exchanged compliments on several occasions but whose 
personal acquaintence we had never made. 

Before reaching Rogersville on the 13th our advance 
began skirmishing with the enemy, driving them through 
the town. Four miles east of Rogersville at Big Creek, 
the enemy fired on us from a bluff to our left. Col. Stacy 
ordered Captain Wilcox to form his company and charge 
across the bridge, which he did, driving the rebels back. 
Gen. Gillem fell in with the company and went some dis- 
tance when the rebels halted and opened fire. Captain 
Wilcox charged them and dispersed them. Nothing 
more was seen of the enemy until we reached the "Yellow 
Store," when we made a charge, capturing an officer 
and several men. 

There was no further fighting until we came to Kings- 
port on the morning of the 13th. when we found the 
enemy posted on the bluff on the east side of the North 
Fork of the Holston river in command of Col. Dick 
Morgan, Gen. Duke being absent. After some delay the 
Regiment was ordered to charge across the river and up 
the steep bluff. This charge was made under heavy fire, 
but we suffered only a small loss owing to the enemy 


shooting too high. We captured Col. Morgan and 198 
of his men, kihing and dispersing the remainder. We 
also captured his entire wagon-train. On that night 
we passed through Blountville, where some of 
our men found the body of Christly Crow, a Carter 
county man, who had been killed by Gen. Burbridge's 
men, who had preceded us on this road. Christly Crow 
belonged to the Confederate army, and had a brother, 
John Crow, who was at this time a member of our Regi- 
ment and with the ambulance corps. He was notified 
of his brother's death but could not stop to see him 
buried, but employed and paid a citizen nearby to see 
that his brother was properly buried. This was another 
of the sad features of civil war. 

Gen. Burbridge had preceded us to Bristol, engaging 
the enemy and sending back for reinforcements our Bri- 
gade came up and Burbridge was sent forward to Abing- 
don with instructions to threaten the Saltworks. Before 
leaving Bristol Burbridge, in conjunction with our Bri- 
gade, had captured a part of Vaughn's Brigade which 
had been sent up on the cars from Greeneville. The rebel 
telegraph operator was captured at Bristol and a dispatch 
from Gen. Vaughn to Gen. Breckenridge intercepted ask- 
ing the latter if it would be safe to send a train loaded 
with dismounted men forward. Gen. Stoneman ordered 
the operator to dispatch to Gen. Vaugnn that the road 
was clear and to send them on to Abingdon. He told the 
operator if he gave the enemy any hint of the real 
situation and the train did not come he would hang him. 
A force was sent west to tear up the railroad after the 
train passed and another east to tear it up before the 
train arrived. Troops were also drawn up in line at the 
depot. The train came in with about 500 rebel soldiers, 
many of them unable for duty. Our force captured here 
560 prisoners. Their guns were broken up and the train 
of cars burned. Our Brigade completed the destruction 
of rebel stores at Bristol and left there on the night of 
the 14th, passing through Abingdon on the morning of 
the 15th. When our Regiment passed through Abing- 


(Ion that morning Capt. James B. W'yatt, of Company M, 
asked permission of Major Wagner to remain there a 
short time. The Major refnsed and warned him not to 
remain or commit any overt act. Wyatt, however, in- 
censed by having been mistreated by rebel citizens because 
he was a Union man remained after the command had 
passed, and it was alleged by the citizens, set tire to some 
buildings and then got on his horse and started to leave. 
He was pursued by armed citizens a short distance east 
of the town when his horse fell and the men coming up, 
shot him. Capt. Wyatt was a handsome, dashing, young 
officer, and his death was greatly regretted by all. He 
was born and raised at Abingdon and his death was the 
outcome of that bitter hatred engendered by the war be- 
tween neighbors and friends, and even kindred, which we 
have had occasion to mention so often. 

Learning that Gen. Vaughn was moving east on a 
parallel road north of us, the Brigade, with the Thir- 
teenth in advance pushed on in the direction of Glade 
Springs. At 2 A. M. on the i6th we left that place with 
the intention of intercepting Vaughn before he reached 
Marion, Va. 

Our sharp shooters commanded byLieut. Peter L.Barry, 
Avho had been promoted to Second Lieutenant of Com- 
pany E for gallantry and efficient service, was in our ad- 
vance, supported by Company H, commanded by Lieut. 
Freels, came up with Gen. Vaughn's rear just before 
reaching Marion about daylight and drove them in on the 
main force in the town. The Regiment following, charged 
into town and in the darkness we got mixed up with the 
enemy so we could scarcely tell friend from foe. Captain 
William M. Gourley, of Company A, recognizing the 
uniform of a Confederate officer near him struck him 
with his sword; the officer instantly shot Gourley dead. 
Gourley had scarcely fallen from his horse when Robert 
Shell, of Company H, who had witnessed the personal 
encounter, killed the Confederate officer, who it was 
learned was Colonel Gideon of Gen. Vaughn's command. 

Capt. Gourley was an aggressive Union man from the 


beginning, took an active part in the Carter county rebel- 
lion and in all the exciting affairs in that county. He 
went through the lines with Dan. Ellis in April, 1863, 
and joined the Fourth Tennessee Infantry. Upon the 
resignation of Capt. Pleasant Williams, of Company A, 
May 10, 1864, Capt. Gourley was recommended to suc- 
ceed him as Captain of that company. He was an ardent 
Union man, a good citizen and a brave and capable officer. 
He was a great favorite with Col. Ingerton, who called 
him "Old Fighting Gourley." "Old" was an expression 
used by Colonel Ingerton to mean old in the head — re- 

The enemy being finally driven out of Marion, our men, 
enraged at the death of Capt. Gourley set fire to a dwell- 
ing house near where he fell. A young lady was plead- 
ing with the men not to burn the house. Lieut. Angel 
recognized her voice as that of Miss Mary Johnson, of 
Elizabethton, who was visiting her sister, Mrs. Huff, who 
lived at Marion. He rode up and made himself known 
to her, and insisted on her getting out of danger, as the 
firing -was lively in that vicinity. 

From Marion we had a running fight with the enemy 
for several miles. Lieut. Barry with his sharp-shooters 
and Lieut. Freeh with Company H. and Lieut. Carriger, 
Company A, were with the advance and captvn-ed the 
enemy's outpost near Mount Airy except one man who 
escaped. The enemy made a stand here in a field to our 
left and opened on us with their artillery. Gen. Gillem 
came forward and ordered a charge. He took a guidon 
from one of the soldiers and giving it to Capt. Dyer told 
him to capture the enemy's artillery and place that 
guidon on it. It was but a few minutes until this brave 
officer was waving the flag over the captured piece. The 
Regiment made a gallant charge, capturing 198 prison- 
ers, 4 pieces of artillery and all his trains. Among his 
artillery we found four pieces that had been captured 
from us at Morristown in the Bull's Gap stampede. We 
now moved on to Witheville, Ya., reaching that point at 
night. Here the command destroyed a large amount of 


ammunition that had been stored in a church. When the- 
flames reached the ammunition the exploding cartridges 
and bursting shells and the lurid flames of the burning 
building presented a grand spectacular scene never to be 
forgotten by those who witnessed it. Our Regiment sta- 
tioned on a hill west of town had a fine view of it and 
many of us thought at first the enemy had returned and a 
terrific battle was in progress. Gen. Stoneman had sent 
another part of his command to destroy the Lead Mine, 
some distance from this place, burn the railroad bridge 
across Reedy Creek and tear up the railroad, all of 
which was successfully accomplished. On the 17th our 
Regiment returned to Marion skirmishing with the 
enemy, who, after our command passed came out of their 
position at the Saltworks and followed us. 

As we passed through Marion on this date, Mrs. 
Huff who before her marriage to Rev. Mr Huff was Miss 
Martha Johnson, daughter of Thomas C. Johnson and 
grand-daughter of Hon. Abraham Tipton all of Eliza- 
bethton, Tenn., and her sister Miss Mary Johnson, 
brought out a large quantity of provisions on waiters 
nicely prepared and many of our officers and men whom 
they knew were served with an elegant breakfast. We 
shall retain this act of kindness in our memory always 
and will revere the memory of Miss Mary (Mrs. Rucker) 
now deceased, for the hospitality shown us that day as 
well as for the many pleasant hours spent at the John- 
son family home in our boyhood. Dr. A. L. Carrick, 
Brigade Surgeon, was left in charge of our wounded at 
Marion and was captured and taken to Richmond as a 
prisoner of war, and did not again return to the Brigade. 
The Doctor was a most affable and agreeable gentleman, 
and since the war was coroner of the city of Cincinnati. 

On the 1 8th the Regiment was ordered across Walker's 
mountain in the direction of the salt works. It was rain- 
ing hard and we could hear heavy fighting between the 
forces of Burbridge and Breckenridge in the vicinity of 
Marion. Before reaching the top of the mountain we- 
were ordered back by courier. 

(See page 294.) 

(See patje 294.) 


Returning, the Regiment was placed in position on the 
south side of town where we remained all night in the 
rain, expecting to charge the enemy at daylight. Mov- 
ing towards the enemy at daylight we found he had re- 
treated. He was followed by the 12th Ohio Cavalry who 
captured some wagons and caissons that had been aband- 

On the night of the i8th the rumor was circulated 
that Gen. Stoneman was about to surrender the whole 
command. A number of our Regiment who had been 
conscripted in the rebel army and had deserted it, fearing 
if captured they would be treated as deserters, a fate 
which they had much reason to fear, left the Regi- 
ment and took to the mountains. In justice to these men 
we will say they rejoined the Regiment on its return to 
Knoxville and were not reported as deserters. 

The rumor of the surrender was only one of hundreds 
of groundless rumors that are familiar always in camps 
and probably originated from Gen. Stoneman once sur- 
rendering his command in Georgia, during the Sherman 

On the night of the 19th we went into camp near Sev- 
en-Mile Ford, a few miles from King's Salt Works, now 
Saltville, Virginia. 

The garrison at that place had been reinforced by Gilt- 
ner's, Cosby's, and what remained of Duke's brigades. 

At about 3 P. M., December 20, 1864, our Regiment 
approached to within about 1500 yards of Fort Brecken- 
ridge. A piece of artillery had been placed in position 
in our front and General Stoneman, himself acting as 
gunner, directed the firing. The enemy had dug "Gopher 
holes" in front of the fort and we could not see them, but 
when the artillery was fired they left their holes and ran 
to the fort. Gen. Burbridge's command was on our 
right and that officer had been directed to attack the fort 
in his front simultaneously with the attack of our Bri- 
gade on Fort Breckenridge. Night, however, came on 
and nothing had been accomplished. 

We here introduce General Stoneman's report of the 


part taken in the capture of the Salt Works by Gen. Gil- 
lem's command (or rather by the Brigade commanded by 
Col. John K. Miller), which was made to Gen. Scho- 
field, Department Commander, on January 6, 1865, 
which appears in "The Conduct of The War," Volume 
I, page 428. This is from the very highest authority, the 
Major- General in command of the expedition. 

General Stoneman says : "I now directed Colonel 
Stacy W'ith his regiment, the Thirteenth Tennessee Cav- 
alry, to make a detour to the left, dash into the town, 
commence burning and shouting and make as much con- 
fusion as possible. My instructions were carried out by 
Col. Stacy in the most satisfactory manner. A portion 
of his Regiment he set to work burning the town, and 
with the rest he dashed up the steep hill on wdiich Fort 
Breckenridge is situated, over the rifle pits and into the 
gorge of the work capturing two guns, two commission- 
ed officers and several privates without the loss of a man 
and with but two horses killed. This was a signal for a 
general stampede of the enemy, and by 11 o'clock in the 
night all the works were evacuated and in the possession 
of Col. Stacy, and the town of Saltville was in flames. 
At dazmi of tlic day foUoiviiig I received a message from 
Gen. Burbridge through one of his staff officers that at 
4 o'clock A. M. his advance guard had reached the town 
of Saltville and reported the enemy had first burned and 
then evacuated the town the night before. The whole of 
the 2 1st was devoted to the destruction and demolition of 
the buildings, kettles, masonry, machinery, pumps, wells, 
stores, materials and supplies of all kind, and a more deso- 
late sight can hardly be conceived than was presented 
to our eyes on the morning of the 22d of December by 
the Salt Works in ruins." 

We will quote other extracts from General Stoneman'.s 
report which refer especially to our Regiment and Bri^ 
gade as the entire report would not be oi sufficient inter- 
est to our readers to introduce it in full. 

In his summary of objects accomplished by this ex- 
pedition Gen. Stoneman says: "Duke's command was 


badly whipped by Gillem at Kingsport and his wagon 
train captured; also 84 prisoners, including Col. Dick 
Morgan, then temporarily in command. ***** 
Gillem's Brigade, reinforced by the Eleventh Kentucky 
and Eleventh Michigan Cavalry of Burbridge's com- 
mand, captured Marion, drove Vaughn from that point 
beyond W'itheville, destr(n-ed all the railroad bridges 
from that place to Reedy Creek ; cai)tured and destroyed 
Witheville with all its stores and depots, embracing 25,- 
000 rounds of fixed ammunition, a large amount of am- 
munition for small arms, pack-saddles, harness and other 
quartermaster stores, a large amount of subsistence and 
medical supplies and caissons, ten pieces of artillery, two 
locomotives and several cars; quite a large number of 
horses and mules were captured; a number of commis- 
sioned officers and 198 enlisted men were captured and 

'' In the capture of Saltville and the works surround- 
ing it, though the whole force under my command was 
present, to Col. Stacy and the Thirteenth Tennessee Cav- 
alry is due the credit of having acted the most conspicu- 
ous part. * ''' " ''" ''■- '•' of the conduct of the 
command 1 cannot speak in terms of too high praise and 
^\■ith but few exceptions each and all merit the approba- 
tion of the Government and have my sincerest thanks. 
Neither danger, long marches, sleepless nights, hunger 
nor hardships, brought forth a complaint and the utmost 
harmony and good feeling prevailed." 

On the afternoon of the 21st the Regiment moved a 
short distance on the Glade Springs road and went into 
camp during a heavy snow storm. \\^ithout the protec- 
tion of tents or any shelter whatever it did not seem pos- 
siljle for human beings to survive without some protection 
from this inhospitable climate in mid-winter, but we do 
riot remember to have heard much complaint. The night 
spent in and around Fort Breckenridge was dreadfully 
cold and we were not allowed to build any fires except 
inside the fort. 

On this night a deserted house w^as found near camp, 


the inhabitants probably having been frightened away 
by the fighting in the vicinity recently. Our field and 
staff and as many as could be accommodated took posses- 
sion and found provisions in abundance, consisting of 
corn meal, meat, lard and a large jar of cream. The 
liouse was very -well furnished with two beds, chairs, 
books, tables and cooking utensils. The clock was still 
running. We made ourselves at home and put our cooks 
at work to prepare supper while we sat around a comfort- 
able fire in an old-time "fire-place. This was a piece of 
good fortune we had not counted on. "The ill wind' 
that had blown this unfortunate family from home had 
furnished us poor soldiers wath a shelter. Thus the old 
adage "It is an ill wind that blows nobody any good" 
was once more verified. 

After supper we w^ent to bed — five or six in each bed — 
piled in cross-wise — and slept the sleep of the weary, if 
not of the just. 

On the 22d we crossed the North Fork of the Holston 
river and turned our faces towards Tennessee, or, as the 
boys said, "back to God's country." Going down the 
river the road was overflowed in many places and the 
weather was so cold our boots would freeze to our stir- 
rups unless we kept our feet moving. We camped that 
night in an old field, making beds of frozen corn-stalks 
with our blankets spread over them. 

On the 23d we continued our march down the river, 
leaving it near Kingsport and taking the Poor Valley 
road at Browai's. Capt. Dyer and Adjutant Scott were 
sent out to a large brick house as protection for five 
orphan ladies ranging from 15 to 25 years old, who dwelt 
there alone. They were nice refined people and enter- 
tained these officers with a good supper as well as music 
and songs. Capt. Dyer, like most of his race, being witty 
and entertaining, enjoyed the society of the young ladies, 
and so the hours flew away until the morning hours ap- 
proached. The officers instead of going to bed thought 
best to go to camp as the command would probably start 
early. Provided with candles, — they had no lanterns^ 


they started in "that darkest hour that comes just before 
the dawn." The camp-fires had died out and all was still. 
Their lights soon went out and they continued to walk- 
without finding the camp. Fearing they were going in 
the wrong direction they thought it best to stop and wait. 
Mnding a shuck pen they crawled in and soon went to 
sleep, but were soon awakened by the sound of the bugle 
near by and reached camp just as the Regiment was 
moving out. 

Continuing our march on the 25th (Christmas Day), 
and passing over the same road over which we had passed 
so rapidly a short time before, we came back through 
Rogersville and made our headquarters at Mr. Cope's, 
T,y2 miles west of that place. 

On the 26th we halted to rest at Mrs. Rogers', near 
Mooresburg. A fine wedding dinner had been prepared 
there and some of our hungry men and officers, with 
Sergeant-Major John P. Nelson in the lead, soon scented 
the good things and found a cupboard loaded down witli 
turkeys, chickens and pies. The ladies said they were 
cooked for the poor colored people. Nelson told them he 
was fighting for them and it was all right, and they pro- 
ceeded to make way wnth the wedding dinner. Resum- 
ing the march we reached ]Mrs. Bassett's, where w^e stayed 
on the second night out from Knoxville. Two days later 
we reached our old camp, near the Fair Grounds at 
Knoxville. having been gone 20>^ days and marching a 
total distance of 870 miles or an average of 42 >^ miles 
every 24 hours, over hills and mountains, through rivers 
and high waters, snow and rain, skirmishing and fighting 
and with little rest or sleep. 

Notwithstanding the almost unparalleled marching 
and suffering from cold, hunger and fatigue during the 
expedition into Southwest Virginia our Regiment, though 
in much need of rest, did not feel so depressed and woe- 
begone as when w^e reached Knoxville in November after 
our defeat at Bull's Gap. We felt that we had more 
than repaid Breckenridge and Vaughn for all the trouble 
they had given us. We had re-established ourselves in 


our own estimation and that of our friends as well as the 
higher officers in the army. We had materially aided 
in inflicting a blow to the now tottering Confederacy 
from which it could not recover and which would hasten 
the end and the restoration of peace. 

On the 2d day of January, 1865, we moved our camps 
to Cantonement Springs, a short distance east of the Fair 
Grounds, built comfortable winter quarters, cleaned off 
our grounds, and were actively engaged in straightening 
up the affairs of the Regiment, enforcing discipline and 
returning to drill, guard-mount and dress-parades. We 
were now well satisfied with ourselves and set about en- 
joying life to the best advantage. 

A number of changes had already taken place in the 
officers of the Regiment which we have not noted and 
at this time there were quite a number of others. The 
promotion of Captain Stacy to Lieut-Colonel had re- 
sulted in a vacancy of the captaincy in Company F, which 
was filled by the promotion of Lieut. B. A. Miller to the 
captaincy of that company. The resignation of Major 
Doughty caused the promotion of Capt. Patrick F. Dyer 
to Major of the First Battalion and Lieut. Isaac A. Tay- 
lor was appointed Captain of Company B. Major Eli N. 
Underwood resigned and Captain C. C. Wilcox was ap- 
pointed Major of the Second Battalion. S. W. Scott, 
who had succeeded Adjutant Stacy on September 24th. 
1864, as Adjutant of the Regiment, was now promoted 
to Captain of Company G, and Lieut. S. P. Angel, of 
Company G, was appointed Adjutant of the Regiment 
Major J. H. \Vagner resigned June 19th. 1865, and was 
succeeded by Capt. R. H. M. Donnelly, who was appointed 
Major of the Third Battalion, and Lieutenant Alfred T. 
Donnelly was appointed Captain of Company D, and was 
succeeded by John P. Nelson of Company F, who was 
appointed Sergeant-Major. This officer was promoted 
to Second Lieutenant of Company L August 21, 1865, 
but was not mustered as such. 

Other changes were made by resignations and promo- 
tions which will appear in the Company rolls further 



Stoneman's Second Raid Into \'irginia. North Carolina. 
South Carolina and Georgia — Fight at Wytheville, Va., and 
Salisbury, N. C- — Pursuit of President Davis. — Destruction of 
Confederate Stores. — The Armistice. — Return to Tennessee. — 
At Lenoirs Station. 

Many of tlie resignations at this time were caused by 
the behef that the war was virtually ended, and another 
reason was that many officers felt uneasy about their peo- 
ple and affairs at home and were anxious to return and 
look after them. 

We were in camp at Cantonement Springs from Janu- 
ary 3d, 1865, until March 20th, 1865. Our time was 
passed very pleasantly and comfortably. _ Many of the 
"boys," especially the younger ones of the officers and 
men. had formed the acquaintance of young ladies in the 
city. This gave them an opportunity to attend balls, 
parties and places of amusement and make pleasant even- 
ing calls. A number of our officers and others from the 
upper counties had brought their families to Knoxville. 
These often entertained members of our Regiment whom 
they knew, and afiforded them pleasant places to visit 
and they also visited us at Cantonement Springs. 

]\Iany old Carter and Johnson county friends spent a 
good deal of time with us in camp and we appreciated 
their society and friendship. 

Among these were Dr. A\'m. C. Singletary, who wa? 
born and raised in Elizabethton but had moved to Ar- 
kansas. Although in a strongly rebellious country, he 
was a Union man. He was conscripted and taken into the 
Confederate army but being a physician he got into the 
medical department. When he got an opportunity he 
left the Confederate service. He had many friends in the 
Regiment and spent the time pleasantly while with us. 


Col. Stacy got leave of absence to visit his home at 
Ripley, O., on account of the serious illness of his sister. 
We were sorry to learn upon his return that she had 

While at Knoxville many of our Regiment were sick 
from exposure on the Virginia raid, and there were many 
deaths. Most of them sleep in the beautiful National 
cemetery at Knoxville beneath the dear old flag and 
under tlie watchful care of the Government for which 
they gave up their lives. 

In March, 1865, Gen. Sherman had made his ''March 
to the Sea." General Grant was pounding away at Lee's 
Army around Petersburg and Richmond. The Confed- 
erate soldiers disheartened and poorly clad after foui* 
year's of heroic fighting and endurance had lost heart 
and many of them were leaving the field, believing all 
was lost but honor, and that further resistance was only 
"a useless effusion of blood ;" yet many clung to their 
leaders, and the leaders stood by their honored chief with 
a heroism nowhere surpassed in all the annals of his- 
tory. But it was evident at this time that the confeder- 
ate Government must soon fall to pieces and that the 
cause for which the South had battled so heroically must 
soon pass into history as the "Lost Cause." 

Whether President Davis would attempt to hold as 
many soldiers in the service as possible, and dividing into 
small bands engage in a guerilla warfare, as had been 
threatened by the Southern press, or whether, when 
forced to leave Richmond, Mr. Davis would attempt to 
join the trans-Mississippi army under Gen. Kirby 
Smith with such following as he could get and continue 
the war indefinitely there was a matter of uncertainty. 
Whatever his purpose might be it was the intention of 
our Government to prevent the escape of Mr. Davis from 
the east of the Mississippi and to capture him with the 
Confederate Archives and Treasury at the earliest pos- 
sible moment. For this purpose among other dispositions 
of the army to prevent the escape of P'resident Davis and 
to cut ofT the retreat of General Lee's army southward, 


Avhicli was now inevitable, Major-General Stoneman was 
assigned to the Department of East Tennessee to col- 
lect all the cavalry force available, again destroy the East 
Tennessee and Virginia railroad in Southwest Virginia 
Avhich had been repaired, and thence to operate in Virginia, 
North and South Carolina and Georgia, or wherever the 
exigencies of affairs, which would be determined by the 
movements of Gen. Lee and President Davis, should de 
termine. Gen. A. C. Gillem was now made Division 
Commander with orders to assemble his forces at Mossy 
Creek on the 22d of March, 1865. This Division was 
composed of Miller's, Brown's and Palmer's Brigades. 

On the 2 1st of March our Brigade broke camps at 
Knoxville and moving east passed through Strawberry 
Plains, joined the Division at Mossy Creek on the 22d. 
und on the 23d the command moved to Morristown 
where five day's rations and one day's forage was issued 
to the command. 

On the morning of the 24th Colonel Miller, with his 
Brigade, moved in the road toward Bristol wath order-j 
to take the north or Snapp's Ferry road at Bull's Gap 
and by a rapid march to Fall Branch to get on' the rail- 
road between Jonesboro and Carter Depot. 

The Thirteenth was still under the command of Lieut. - 
Col. Stacy. Leaving Greeneville and Jonesboro to our 
left we passed through Fall Branch and on to Carter's 
Depot, reaching Elizabethton on Sunday, the 26th of 
March. Here the boys had the privilege of leaving their 
companies and greeting their families and friends with 
the understanding they were to join the Regiment on the 
following day. They scattered in every direction, some 
going to Stony Creek. Gap Creek, Taylor Town, Valley 
Forge and the Doe River Cove, and to whatever places 
in that vicinity their friends lived. 

John S. Hilton, of Company G. one of our youngest 
and bravest soldiers, and son of Thomas M. Hilton, of 
Elizabethton, was left at home sick and died on April 10. 

Our stay with friends was of short duration and on 


the 27th, about noon, the Regiment moved up Doe river 
past what is now Valley Forge, and joining the rest of 
the Division at Doe River Cove (Hampton), proceeded 
to Cardin's Bluff and up the Watauga river, and encamp- 
ed near where the town of Butler is now located on the 
opposite side of the river. Here again many of our men 
were in the midst of their friends and homes and had the 
privilege of visiting them. 

On the 28th the command moved at 6 A. M., crossing 
the Iron mountain and marching up the Watauga river 
all day in rear of the Division, reaching Boone, N. C. 

On the 29th, leavng Boone, we marched on the 
Wilkesboro road, reached Patterson's factory in the after- 
noon, got rations and feed, burned the factory and de- 
stroyed everything in the way of subsistence and resumed 
our march in the rain and kept it up until after dark, when 
we went into camp. On the following morning we 
moved at daylight and found the water courses very 
much swollen from the recent rains. This was a most 
disagreeable day's march. The rain continued and at the 
ford of the Yadkin river the river was rising so fast 
that while the front of the Regiment crossed without 
difficulty the rear companies had to swim their horses. 

On the 31st we moved out on the Salem road eight 
miles and found the Yadkin river too full to cross. The 
rain had ceased and the afternoon was bright, havings 
the appearance of Spring. 

April 1st we passed through a fine section of country 
and remembered that a year ago we were in Middle Ten- 
nessee, and now we were in the land of pine and tar, "of 
cotton seed and sandy bottom." It was "All Fool's Day" 
but we had no time for foolishness. We passed through 
Jonesville, but did not see Mr. Jones, — suppose he "had 
gone and runned away." We went into camp three 
miles south of this place, where we found abundance of 

On the next day we returned to Jonesvill-e, crossed the 
Yadkin river, which was very deep. There was a large 
cotton factory here and lots of girls, who flirted with the 


"Yankee boys." \\q marched on through Dodson, not a 
very pretentions village, and continued the march all 
night, stopping at Mount Airy, N. C, at daylight. Mount 
Airy was noted as having been the home of the famous 
Chinese twins, Eng and Chang, who after exhibiting 
themselves through Europe and this country and accu- 
mulating a large fortune married two ladies who were 
sisters, and built them an elegant home and settled down 
in this little Southern town. They were a strange freak 
of Nature, being two individuals united by a fleshy liga- 
ment extending from the right side of the body of one of 
them to the left side of the other one. 

From Mount Airy Col. Miller was ordered to detach 
500 of the best mounted men of his Brigade and pro- 
ceed to Witheville, Va., by way of Porter's ford on New- 
river and destroy the railroad bridge over Reedy creek 
and at Max Meadows, together with the depot of supplies 
at Witheville. Col. Miller took with him detachments 
from each Regiment of the Brigade. Reaching the New 
ri^•er it was found to be very much swollen from the re- 
cent rains. A citizen who lived near was impressed into 
service to pilot a squad of our men across the river, wh') 
built a fire on the opposite bank to indicate the direction to 
take across the ford. Col. Stacy crossed Avith this first 
squad, leaving Adjutant Angel on the south side to direct 
the men as they came to the river to go well up on the 
shoal on the south side before starting into the river, 
and then direct their courses so as to be certain to come 
out below the fire on the other side. Many of the men 
who had small mounts were slow to make the venture into 
the river. William Jenkins, of Company A, was mounted 
on a mule and swore he would not try to cross on it, but 
seeing the others plunge in and that he would soon be 
left "alone in his glory" he decided to venture in with his 
donkey and got safely across. Col. Miller's orderly got 
too low, and had the Colonel not hastened to his rescue 
he would have drowned. The next morning just after 
daylight the command reached Witheville, having 
marched 55 miles and fed only twice. The day was spent 


until well in the afternoon tearing up the railroad track 
for miles and destroying the railroad bridge across Reedy 
Creek, west of the town. About this time our pickets 
were driven in and we were forced to fall back to Withe- 
ville , which was done in good order. Col. Miller at first 
hoped he would be able to hold his position and retreat at 
night under cover of the darkness, but the enemy was in 
strong force and we were compelled to fall back on the 
same road we came in on that morning. We crossed 
Walker's ridge by a circuitous route and had to hold the 
enemy in check by forming on the spurs of the ridges and 
lighting and falling back alternately. We had been fight- 
mg a largely superior force of the enemy and had he had 
the fighting qualities of other days our chances of escape 
would have been slim, but this force was demoralized 
and were flying from East Tennessee and Southwest 
Virginia to assist Gen. Lee in his last struggle around 
Richmond and to be present as the sequel proved at the 
obsequies of the gallant army of Northern Virginia at 

We continued the march to Porter's ford and recrossed 
the river, this time without difihculty as the river was not 
so high. After crossing the river we went into camp 
fifteen miles from Witheville and remained there until 
the morning of the 6th when we resumed the march 
early, halting two hours at Poplar Camp to rest and feed, 
we then passed on through Hillsville, Va. Just before 
day we went into camp, having marched thirty-two miles 
since 2 P. M. the preceding day. 

The next morning Col. IMiller received orders to march 
towards Taylorsville, Patrick county. Va. We marched 
all day the 7th and after a short rest and feed continued 
the march through the night. During the night some of 
the men found two barrels of brandy and after the 
"spirits" went down the men's spirits went up and many 
men and officers began to get merry but the fun was 
spoiled by Col. Stacy having the heads knocked out of the 
iDarrels and the contents emptied. We fed at daylight 
and re-umed the march, crossed the Blue Rido-e and 


reached Taylorsville, N. C, at 2 P. M., where we camped 
for the night. At this phice we rejoined Gen. Stone- 
man's Division. 

On the 9th we passed throngh Danbury, N. C. This 
w^as a rongh, poor country and forage scarce. 

On the loth we again resumed the march, passing 
through Germantown, which looked to have been a nice. 
prosperous place before the war. We stopped and fed 
here, and resuming the march, passed through a fine sec- 
tion of country, reaching the Yadkin river at 7 A. M.. 
crossed at "Shallow Ford," passed on through Huntsville, 
N. C., and rested for several hours and fed our horses one 
mile beyond this place. Marching again near noon on 
the Mockville road we passed the town and went in 
camp until 12 o'clock at night. At 12.30 A. M. the com- 
mand was again in motion^ Col. Miller's Brigade in ad- 
vance. Marching three miles we came to the South Yad- 
kin river, a deep and rapid stream. A few rebels were on 
the north side of the river, but they offered no resistance 
to the passage of the command. Just at daylight on the 
nth of April the Thirteenth came upon the enemy's pick- 
ets, which were driven back to Grant's Creek. Just be- 
fore reaching this creek our Regiment was fired on by 
artillery and musketry from the enemy stationed on the 
side of this stream next to Saulsbury. It was discovered 
that part of the flooring had been taken up from the 
bridge across this creek and piled up on the side next to 
the enemy. The trains could be heard going in and 
coming out of Saulsbury four miles distant. Cols. Mil- 
ler's and Brown's Brigades were closed up and a section 
of Captain Patterson's Battery under Lieut. Reagan (Cap- 
tain Patterson being now A. A. G. on General Gillem's 
stafT), was ordered forward. About this time Major 
Donnelly, of the Thirteenth, with a detachment of about 
100 men was ordered down the creek, and crossing, with 
other detachments that had been sent to cross at different 
points, engaged the enemy. As soon as the enemy were 
engaged by these detachments at different points, the Thir- 
teenth, under Col. Stacy, was dismounted under heavy 


fire from the enemy's artillery, and moving forward on 
foot drove the enemy from the bridge, and the flooring 
having been replaced by detachments of the Eighth and 
Thirteenth Tennessee Cavalry, the Regiment charged 
across the bridge under a very heavy fire of artillery 
■drove the enemy, their retreat soon becoming a rout. Our 
Regiment pursued the enemy and at the junction of the 
Statesville road were joined by Major Saw^yer's battalion 
of the Eighth Tennessee Cavalry and Major Keogh of 
Gen. Stoneman's staff, who had captured all the artillery 
the enemy had been using against us on our right. The 
pursuit was kept up until those who were not captured 
had scattered and concealed themselves. 

In this action we have found difficulty in finding from 
General Gillem's and other reports the exact position and 
part taken by the Eighth and Ninth Tennessee Cavalry 
and our Artillery. The part taken by our own Regiment 
is largely made up from a diary kept by one of our offi- 
cers, and from Gen. Gillem's official report to Major 
Bascom, Gen. Stoneman's Assistant Adjutant-General. 
Gen. Gillem in this report mentions Major Sawyers and 
one battalion of the Eighth which did splendid service, 
and we have no doubt the remainder of this gallant regi- 
ment did its full duty in this engagement, and the same 
may be said of the Ninth, which was a splendid regiment, 
always ready to perform its duty under all kinds of cir- 
cumstances and upon all occasions. 

Adjutant Angel was riding a white horse at the open- 
ing of thi's fight and was therefore a conspicuous target 
for the enemy. When the Regiment was dismounted be- 
fore the charge across the bridge, and just as he was ir« 
the act of dismounting, a shell from the enemy's battery 
burst just over him frightening his horse so badly that 
he fell, throwing the Adjutant to the ground, dislocating 
the middle finger of his right hand. 

In Gen. Gillem's report above referred to he makes 
special mention of Col. John K. Miller's gallantry at 
Saulsbury and adds : "For which I respectfully and earn- 
estly recommend him for the brevet of Brigadier Gen- 


cral." He recommends Lieut. -Col. Stacy, "For his uni- 
form gallantry, especially at Saulsbury." 

The Regiment left Saulsbury at dark on the 13th of 
April, marching all night reached Statesville in Iredell 
county at daylight, and Taylorsville, N. C, about noon 
on the 14th, where we remained all night. 

On the 15th we marched in the direction of Lenoir.s 
and mo\'ed slowly on account of being encumbered with 
l^risoners captured at Saulsbury. Remained in camp the 
15th. Our prisoners and a large number of negroes who 
were following the army and retarding its progress were 
sent from here under a guard of soldiers to Knoxville. 
Tenn. On the J 7th we marched on the ]Morganton 
road, running on a small force of jebels, charged and 
routed them, capturing a piece of artillery. We feel safe 
in saying that at this place Lieut. James Atkinson, of 
Battery E, First Tennessee Light Artillery fired the last 
hostile shot fired by artillery in the Civil War. It will 
be remembered that Petersburg and Richmond had 
fallen. General Lee had surrendered to Grant on the 9th 
of April and President Lincoln had been assassinated by 
J. Wilkes Booth on the night of the 14th of April. These 
three events transpiring within the short space of a few 
days are perhaps the most noted in our historic calendar. 

Reaching Morganton on the 17th we remained there 
imtil the morning of the 19th, wdien we marched on the 
Asheville road passing through Marion, N. C, and en- 
camped at Pleasant Garden on the Catawba river and 
remained over night. On the 20th crossed the river and 
went to Swannanoa Gap at the foot of the Blue Ridge, 
which we found blockaded and held by a small force of 
rebels. Gen. Brown's Brigade left us here, going in the 
direction of Rutherford. Our Brigade remained here in 
front of the enemy who occupied a strong position with 
artillery in the gap. all day of the 21st. By a singular co- 
incidence, here in the "Sunny South." we were again con- 
fronted with Vaughn's and Duke's men. wdiom 
we had met so often in East Tennessee. Oil 
the 22d we marched at 2 A. M. over the same road we 


had passed over two days before, passing through Marion 
and went nito camp at Rutherford. Soon after dayHght 
on the 22d a squad of Confederate officers, apparently of 
high rank, gave us our first information that President 
Lincohi had been assassinated, and confirmed the report 
of General Lee's surrender to Gen, Grant. The informa- 
tion of these two events, the one^o sad, filling our hearts 
with the greatest sorrow left little room for the joy that 
would otherwise have filled our hearts over the good 
news that the w^ar was virtually over, and our hardships 
were soon to end, and we would be able to lurn from the 
scenes of suffering and bloodshed to the pursuits of peace 
and the pleasures of home and friends once more. But 
our great sorrow over the death of our loved and honored 
President left little room at this time to rejoice at any- 

On the morning of the 23d we moved early, passing 
through Columbus near the foot of the Blue Ridge, where 
we fed, got supper and continued our march until 12 
o'clock midnight, crossing the mountam at Howard's 
Gap, reaching Hendersonville, N. C, on the morning of 
the 24th, where we camped until 7 P. M. ; marching again 
on the Asheville road went into camp late at night. On 
the next day we marched towards Asheville, Gen. Gillem 
intending to attack the strong garrison at that place, as he 
had not yet been officially notified of the truce 
or armistice that had been agreed upon between 
Gen. Sherman and Gen. Johnson. At 3 P. M. on 
this date Gen. Gillem received a flag of truce from Gen 
Martin commanding the Confederate forces at Asheville 
and was notified of the existence of the armistice which 
provided that hostilities should cease and not be resumed 
without giving notice. On the same afternoon 
General Gillem received official notice from General 
Sherman of the existence of the truce. It was now ar- 
ranged that General Gillem's Division, or at least Col. 
Miller's Brigade should return to our base at Greeneville 
Tenn., and our men were provided with three days' ra- 
tions. On the 25th we marched through Asheville, the 

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enemy had stacked arms in accordance with the truce and 
rebel soldiers lined both sides of the streets, the soldiers 
on both sides guying each other. We camped ten miles 
north of Asheville that night and next day, now moving 
in the direction of Tennessee, we reached Marshall, N. C , 
where we were overtaken by a courier with orders to re- 
turn and join in the pursuit of President Davis, who had 
left Richmond and was trying to make his way across 
the Mississippi. 

There was more or less disappointment :'t the idea of 
turning our backs instead of our faces towards Tennessee, 
but we had become somewhat accustomed by this time 
to doing not what we pleased but what it pleased "Uncle 
Sam" to have us do. 

On the 26th, after receiving new orders, we returned 
to the same camps and remained over night. The next 
morning, returning to Asheville, Gen. Martin refused to 
let us pass back through that place, when we opened fire, 
driving in his outposts, and after considerable skirmish 
ing, our command passed back through the town, taking 
50 or 60 prisoners, whom we sent back t j Knoxville, 
Tenn., together with our sick and disabled men, artillery 
and all superfluous baggage. 

On the morning of the 28th we moved out in the direc- 
tion of South Carolina, camping again at Henderson- 
ville. East of this town we took the Transylvania road 
and camped at Bravard. which was the county seat but 
not much town as yet, but since grown to be an important 

On the 30th we crossed the Blue Ridge stopping on the 
summit at Cc-iesar's Head to muster for pay. We were 
now in the Palmetto State, the first to secede from the 
Union and fire the first shot at the old flag and we did 
not at that time have many scruples about despoiling the 
country. We reached Anderson, S. C, May ist, where 
we remained in camp all day the 2d: marched at dark 
that night, and stopped to feed at daylight on the morn- 
ing of the 3d. At this place Gen. Palmer joined us with 
his brigade and the Thirteenth was detached and sent on 


in the direction of Athens, Ga. ; marched until late in the 
afternoon, when we stopped and rested a few hours. Re- 
suming the march we traveled all night, arriving at 
Athens early next morning, capturing 300 prisoners. That 
day Col. Stacy and staff took dinner with Gen. Reynolds, 
of the Confederate army. We marched at 2 P. M., reach- 
ing Lexington, Ga., where we camped for the night. Some 
of our men had done some looting at Athens, and after 
going into camp at Lexington the Regiment was called 
out, formed and every man searched ; twenty-two watches 
were found, which were placed in the hands of Lieut. 
Honycutt, who was sent to Athens to deliver them to Gen. 
Palmer, to be returned to their owners. It is to be re- 
gretted that in every large number of troops, in time of 
war and the suspension of civil law, there are always some 
men who do dishonorable acts that bring discredit upon 
the organization to which they belong. 

Remaining all day in Lexington, we sent out scouting 
parties to look out for President Davis, who with his 
escort, were supposed to be in that vicinity. On the 6th 
we moved to Washington, Ga. Major Wilcox had pre- 
ceded us with a strong detachment, but was met by a 
strong force of the enemy near the town who refused to 
let him enter. A courier was sent back and the Regimeni 
came up at a trot and found the rebels had withdrawn. 
Moving into town we found the place full of rebels, Presi- 
dent Davis having disbanded the greater part of his escort 
here, and left the town on that day. Had not Major Wil- 
cox been detained contrary to the agreement of the armis- 
tice he would, without doubt, have captured the President 
of the Confederacy, and this honor would have fallen to 
the Thirteenth Tennessee Cavalry instead of the Fourth 
Michigan Cavalry by whom he was captured May loth 
at Irwinville, Georgia. 

On the morning of the 7th Col. Miller received orders 
to move south to Crawfordsville, Ga., the home of Hon. 
Alexander H. Stephens, Vice-President of the Southern 

Adjutant Angel, of the Thirteenth, was the first officer 


of tlie Regiment that had the honor of meeting Mr. 
Stephens. He called on him at his home and met Judge 
Stephens, the brother of the Vice-President and the lat- 
ter's private secretary. Mr. Stephens conversed pleasantly 
with Adjutant Angel in regard to the situation and the 
ending of the war. He said on that occasion that Presi- 
dent Davis c-ould have had any settlement of the war he 
would have demanded, the only stipulation on the part 
of the Federal Government being the preservation of the 
Union of the States. Mr. Stephens also said that after 
the liberal proposition made to Mr. Davis by the author- 
ities of the Federal Government were rejected by him he 
(Stephens) left Richmond never to return. Mr. Stephens 
himself, at the beginning of the war had a strong attach- 
ment for the Union and ()ppt)sed secession until his State 
passed an ordinance of secession, but Mr. Davis would be 
satisfied with nothing less than the recognition of the 
Confederacy as a separate and distinct republic, built 
upon the corner-stones of "Slavery and State's Rights." 

In contending for this with the obstinacy characteristic 
of the man, the South lost what her people thought at that 
time to be her dearest rights, without which she could 
never prosper nor be happy. But time has proven that sla- 
very was a blight on the fair land, and since its extinction 
agricultural and manufacturing industries have prospered 
as never before, and the beautiful Southland with her 
gifted sons and daughters enjoying the products of her 
rich soil, her healthful climate, with great enterprises and 
the hum of industry on every hand, rivaling her Northern 
sister States in progress and prosperity, and in patriotism 
and loyalty to the country's flag, she is "the Garden- 
spot" of the nation and the world. 

Mr. Stephens at first thought we would place him under 
arrest but was assured by the officers that they had no 
instructions or authority to molest him and did not desire 
to do so. 

He extended a cordial invitation to our ofificers to 
take supper with him at his home. Col. Stacy, Major 
Wilcox, Adjutant Angel, Dr. Cameron and Lieut. 


Freels accepted the invitation and had the honor of being 
the guests of this distinguished gentleman for supper and 
breakfast. President Davis was captured by Federal 
officers and soldiers but Vice-President Stephens captured 
these officers of our Regiment by his sociability and hos- 
pitality. But it would appear from the following inter- 
esting clipping, which came into our hands later, that 
while our Regiment missed the honor (and reward) of 
capturing President Davis, it was through the orders of 
our Colonel, John K. Miller, and by a detail from our 
Regiment, one of whom was Corporal Burchfield, of 
Company G. that Vice-President Stevens and General 
Robert Toombs, the two most distinguished men, next 
to the President and General Lee, of the Southern Con- 
federacy, were arrested : 

"Mr. John G. Burchfield, of the General Land Office, 
had a lot of experience in the war between the States, and 
was on hand while several stirring things were developing. 
He was one of the East Tennessee soldiers, and was for 
the greater part of the war in the cavalry. He was one 
of the men who pursued the fleeing officials of the Con- 

"Mr. Burchfield was one of the eight men who arrested 
Gen. Robert Toombs, the Confederate Secretary of War, 
and one of the most brilliant and eccentric men in the 
South — a fire-eater of the rankest type. General Palmer, 
commanding a division of the Twenty-third Army Corps, 
had a body of troops which he marched from Virginia 
through the Carolinas and into Georgia in pursuit of the 
heads of the fallen government. Col. John K. Miller, of 
the Thirteenth Tennessee Cavalry, was ordered to detail 
men to arrest General Toombs, and Mr. Burchfield was 
one of the detail. 

"The division had chased the President of the Confed- 
eracy and the members of his cabinet from Richmond, by 
Saulsbury, N. C, to Abbeville, S. C, where the last 
cabinet meeting was held. The Union troops arrived 
shortly after the President left. The pursuit was then 
bent toward Anderson, where the larger part of the funds 


of the Confederate treasury was left. The specie was in 
kegs, and a wagon load of the kegs was carried out of 
town and buried, but the place was pointed out by an old 
negro. The Union soldiers got several hundred thousand 
dollars, a great deal of it in silver and gold. The plates 
for printing the money were in the lot, and several of 
them are in existence to-day. The depot agent and a He- 
brew merchant were arrested and examined as to the 
movements of the President and the cabinet, but nothing 
could be elicited. 

"General Toombs was found by Colonel Miller's detail 
at his home in Athens. He came out on the piazza and 
asked the boys to come in. He received them as if they 
were the most welcome guests in the world, and sent a 
negro to the cellar for wine. After a good dinner the 
soldiers put the General in his carriage and started to Mil- 
ledgeville. The party moved to Crawfordsville, where 
lived Alexander H. Stevens, the Vice-President of the 
Confederacy, the "great commoner" of Georgia. The 
old statesman walked on crutches to the piazza and wel- 
comed the soldiers, saying that he knew what they came 
for. There were several negroes about the place, and 
they were ordered to take the horses in charge. Sherman's 
army had made the feeding of horses a mere 
empty formality in that section, but the men fared better, 
and got a good meal. After a night's rest at Liberty 
Hall the soldiers resumed the march. Mr. Stephens was 
placed in the carriage with General Toombs. This was 
probably far from the liking of either of the eminent men, 
but they had to submit. They were inveterate enemies, hav- 
ing represented in many a fierce debate the respective claims 
of the aristocracy and the common people. Gen. Toombs 
"was a strenuous opponent of so-called popular rights, and 
was a fire-brand for secession. The distinguished pris- 
oners were put in prison at Milledgeville. but were soon 
brought to Washington, where they took the oath of al- 

"Colonel Miller is now living at Bristol. Tenn., at an 
advanced age. He has some of the dies and plates cap- 


tured at Anderson. His command was at Washington, 
Ga., when Gen. Joe Wheeler's men were paid for the last 
time by Secretary of the Treasury Judah P. Benjamin. 
They were paid in coin and bought a great quantity of 
clothing from the Union troops, who had captured im- 
mense stores in Augusta. Later the Union troops gave 
the Confederates a lot of the Confederate troupers secured 
in Augusta." 

We left Crawfordsville May 8th, marcliing in the rain, 
in the afternoon we arrived at Sparta, Ga., where Col. 
Stacy and staff were entertained by a gentleman who was 
at the head of an institution of learning at that place. He 
treated us with the old-time Southern courtesy and hos- 
pitality. We marched early on the morning of the 9th, 
reaching Milledgeville, the capital of the State of Georgia, 
where we went into camp and remained until Sunday. 
While here a number of our officers made headquarters at 
the residence of Col. McKinley, an old planter who lived 
just across the Oconee river. The Colonel was, 
of course, a warm devotee of the now "Lost 
Cause," but his wife, a lady whom he had mar- 
ried in Boston, Mass., the birthplace, we might 
say, of abolitionism and opposition to Southern slavery, 
was apparently far more devoted to the South than her 
husband. Another affable Southern gentleman whom we 
met here was Major Hawkins. He and Col. McKinly 
made a pleasant visit to our camps on the day we left, 
the 13th, and Colonel Stacy, Major Wilcox. Dr. Cam- 
eron, Dr. Blackburn, Adjutant Angel and Lieut. Freels 
accepted an invitation to visit Major Hawkins' splendid 
home, three miles from town. Llere we were served with 
the most elegant and sumptuous dinner we had while 
soldiering in Dixie. The side-board was provided with 
the rarest brands of wine and we disregarded all our 
former vows of total abstinence and indulged, though not 
excessively, in the tempting fluid. 

Soldiering w^as so agreeable in this locality that we 
broke camp with some regret. We had now lost in- 
terest in the pursuit of Davis, he having been captured. 


if we remenil)er correctly by Col. Pritchard, of the nth 
Wisconsin Cavalry, and our duties consisted only of 
guard duty and some scouting. At i o'clock A. M. on 
the 14th we left camp marching north, and going 15 
miles took breakfast at the home of an old maid who 
owned a plantation and 40 or 50 negroes who were still 
there and under the strictest discipline, as their conduct 
while we were present showed. She refused to open her 
crib, but with us necessity overcame our gallantry to the 
fair sex and an ax answered every purpose of a key. Her 
smoke house suffered the same fate. Hams and bread- 
stuff were found in abundance, and we put the negro 
women to cooking and kept them at it until all were fed. 
The negroes now aware of "Massa Lincoln's proclama- 
tion" did not neglect their opportunity. No one molested 
the old lady but she "blessed us" in language not found 
anywhere in the Scripture. When we left about a dozen 
of the finest negro men she had left with us. This w-as 
evidently the first taste of the results of the war this lady 
had and it did look hard we suppose from her standpoint. 
About noon we fed again, this time with a Mr. Jackson, 
who had married a Miss Lones, of Knoxville, Tenn. The 
treatment here was different on both sides. We were 
treated respectfully and civilly and returned the com- 
pliment to the family, treating them w^ith every considera- 

We reached Greensboro, Ga., that evening at dark, and 
remained there, resting until the 20th of May. While 
there President Jefferson Davis passed through on the 
cars, under guarcl, on his way to Washington. A number 
of our officers and men who were at the depot had a 
view of the famous ex-President of the Southern Con- 
federacy, W'hose name had been "on every lip," both 
North and South for four years, and had been the theme 
of more blessings and curses, save, perhaps that of Abra- 
ham Lincoln, than that of any man living or dead. 

j\Iajor Patrick F. Dyer, of the Thirteenth, who as 
we have stated was captured at the first battle of Bull's 
Run and imprisoned in Libby prison at Richmond, Va., 


was present when the train bearing' Mr. Davis pulled up 
and stopped at Greensboro. The Major got into the car 
and with the boldness of the Irish race addressed ]\Ir. 
Davis, and said : "Mr. President I am glad to meet you. 
Probably you do not remember me. When I was in 
Libby prison I often saw you taking a ride past the prison 
on a fine white horse. Vou were at liberty then and I 
was a prisoner, now you are a prisoner and I am at 
liberty — such are the fortunes of war — -good-day, Mr. 

Greensboro was the base of supplies for the State of 
Georgia. Governor Brown and the State officers had 
absconded leaving large supplies for man and beast at 
this point which fell into our hands and were shipped to 
Atlanta for the use of General Wilson's army. Our men 
were supplied with underwear and blankets. The cloth- 
ing- we did not care to wear as we were not partial to gray 
at that time. 

We left Greensboro on the 20th on our return to East 
Tennessee. The war being now ended, the great anxiety 
of officers and men to return to Knoxville where it was 
believed we would soon be mustered out of the service 
was an incentive to hard marching and kept up the spirits 
of the men. We crossed the Savannah river the 21st, on 
some of the same pontoon bridges that had been used by 
Gen. Sherman's troops on their march South. On the 
22d we passed through Williamson and camped three 
miles south of Greeneville, South Carolina. Just before 
reaching that place we were fired on from ambush by some 
guerrillas or "bushwhackers," and captured the men who 
were supposed to have been engaged in the firing. The 
next morning it was decided to shoot them without trial 
or ceremony, as it was felt that now that the war was 
over, examples must be made of men engaged in out- 
lawry. Lieut. T. C. White was ordered to take a squad 
of soldiers and after the command passed shoot these 
men, bury them and rejoin the command. After the main 
body of the command had passed and the rear guard came 
up under Lieut. Freehs, and Lieut. White was ready to ex- 


■eciite his orders, the older of the three prisoners asked 
if there was a Freemason present. Dr. Cameron, who was 
a member of that order, was pointed out and the prisoner 
gave him the "Grand-haiHng sign of Distress" of the or- 
der, w hereupon Dr. Cameron agreed to take the respon- 
sibiHty of requesting Lieut. White to postpone the execu- 
tion and bring the prisoners forward until Colonel Miller, 
who was also a Mason, could be consulted. After ques- 
tioning the men closely and hearing a very straightfor- 
ward story from them that they were disbanded Confed- 
•erate soldiers returning to their homes, that they had had 
no arms since leaving the army and were not engaged in 
the firing on the command, Colonel Miller released them. 

On the 24th the command reached Greeneville, S. C, 
where they got a full supply of rations and remained over 

On the 25th again crossed the Blue Ridge at Saluda 
■Gap, passed through Hendersonville, N. C, and camp- 
ed within eight miles of Asheville, N. C. We passed on 
through that place on the 26th and proceeded down the 
French Broad river to Marshall, N. C. Having no for- 
age at that place we left at 4 A. M. on the morning of 
the 27th ; that day, having no feed, the men grazed their 
horses then moved on beyond Paint Rock where we met 
a forage train with supplies and encamped for the night. 

On Sunday morning. May 28th, we moved at 4 a. m. 
and our horses being well fed we arrived at Greeneville, 
Tenn., at 10 A. M. on that day and went into camp. On 
the 30th the Brigade moved out on the Knoxville road. 
We were now among familiar scenes, passing over our 
old battle grounds, nearly every foot of the ground we 
were traveling over we had contested with the enemy 
at one time or another. 

We arrived at Flat Creek, a few miles east of Knox- 
ville, about the 2d of June, and remained at that place a 
day or two, when we moved to Lenoir's Station on the 
East Tennessee and Virginia railroad (now Southern), 
30 miles west of Knoxville. 

On this our final raid and our last active service in the 


field we had marched a distance of about looo miles, pass- 
ing through parts of five States and through numerous 
towns and cities, crossing the principal southern rivers, 
and crossing and recrossing the different ranges of the 
Allegheny mountains a number of times. 

At the time the regiment left Knoxville to go on the 
Stoneman raid a few of the officers and quite a number 
of men were on the sick list and not able to proceed 
with the command. Those who were unable to be up at 
all were sent to the hospital while others who were not 
seriously ill, but were not able for duty, were left in 
what was termed the "Invalid Camp," under command 
of Major J. H. Wagner. As they improved they were 
assigned to various duties, and some made efiforts to 
reach the command. Some of our men who had become 
sick or overcome with hard marching were sent back 
from North Carolina and were sent to the Invalid Camp. 

S. W. Scott, who had just been promoted to Captain 
of Company G, and assigned to the command of the 
company, was sick when the command left Knoxville. 
Knowing the Regiment would pass through Elizabeth- 
ton, his home town, he started out with the command, 
hoping if he did not get able to go farther, to reach his 
home, where, in case he got worse he would receive the 
attention of home folks and good nursing. But on the 
second day he becrane so much worse that he could not 

proceed further and was left at the home of Mr. 

Newman, close to the old college building near Mossy 
Creek, Tenn. He was confined to his bed there about 
two weeks. Orderly James Allan, who was left to take 
care of him, being anxious to join the command was al- 
lowed to proceed. Capt. Scott was treated kindly by Mr. 
Newman, who had sons in the Confederate army, and 
Mrs. Newman gave him kind and motherly attention. He 
was treated by Dr. Brumit, a local physician. After re- 
covering sufficiently he returned to Knoxville, where he 
remained until the 14th of April, when in company with 
Capt. B. A. Miller, who had not been able to go with the 
command on account of sickness, and Dr. A. Jobe, who 


was trying to make his way to his home at Elizabethton, 
went up to Whitesbiirg on the train, that being as far 
as the train was being run east at that time. Captain 
Miller, Capatin Scott and Dr. Jobe remained at Whites- 
burg that night, the two former enjoying the hospitahty 
of Mr. George W. Crumley's family, who had been their 
neighbors at Elizabethton. This party was joined at 
Whitesburg by four cavalrymen of the Thirteenth, who 
had been started from Knoxville to bring their horses 
by the State road. The party accompanied by the sol- 
diers left Whitesburg on the morning of the 15th, passing 
through the army corps which had been sent into East 
Tennessee under Gen. Stanley to cut off Lee's retreat, 
should he have attempted to go in that direction. Pass- 
ing through Bull's Gap, near Gen. Stanley's headquarters, 
we met an orderly riding excitedly and seemingly in a 
great hurry, but we succeeded in learning from him of 
the assassination of the President. 

Arriving at Greeneville Captains Scott and Miller 
learned from Major Donnelly, who had returned from 
North Carolina, that the command had turned back and 
gone in pursuit of Davis and they returned to Knoxville. 
Major Wagner having resigned, Capt. Scott was assigned 
to the command of the Invalid Camp until the Regiment 
returned, when all joined it and went with it to Lenoir'.> 



At Lenoirs and Sweetwater. — Last Move to Knoxville. — 
Closing Scenes — Muster-Out. — Goodby's- — Observation on 
Army Life. — Summary of Service. 

Our Regiment did not tarry long at Lenoirs. We 
have not the exact dates at hand, as our diary closes on 
the day we reached Flat Creek, and as the dates are not 
important we have not taken the trouble to look them 
up. We remained at Lenoirs until about the ist of July, 
grazing our horses and going through with the usual 
routine of camp duties. Men, as well as horses, needed 
rest after this long and arduous campaign. Gen. Upton 
was in command of the Cavalry Division with headquar- 
ters at Sweetwater, Tenn., 45 miles west of Knoxville. 
The Brigade was ordered to that place. This was our 
last trip as cavalrymen, and the move to Knoxville a few 
weeks later on the cars wound up the itineracy of the 
Thirteenth Tennessee Cavalry. 

We celebrated the Fourth of July at Sweetwater, and 
felt that it was "a glorious fourth" indeed, that had 
hrought back to our country "the white-winged angel o^" 

While at Sweetwater the weather was oppressively 
warm most of the time. We had nice camping grounds 
bordered with woods, which were kept clean and well 
policed. The war being over we were daily expecting 
to receive orders to be mustered out of service, as we 
could see no reason now why we should be kept in the 
pay of the Government. In explanation of the cause of 
so many troops being retained in the United States ser- 
vice after the close of hostilities we might refer to the 
situation of affairs in Mexico on our Southern border. In 
1864, the Mexican people being engaged in dissention; 


among themselves, the Emperor of France seized the op- 
portunity of having the Archduke MaximiHan of 
Austria called to the throne of ]\Iexico as Emperor of 
that Nation. MaximiHan was opposed by a large major- 
ity of the Mexican people who were led by Jaurez, an 3.Wc 
Mexican general, who was afterwards president of the 
Republic of Mexico. Napoleon III, the Emperor of 
France, sent a F'rench army to assist the disaffected Mex- 
icans who were favorable to the Emperor. 

Our Government, under its much cherished principles of 
the Monroe Doctrine, was opposed to the interference of 
foreign nations in the affairs of the Western Contineni, 
but having the Rebellion on its hands was not at that 
time in a situation to enter into active hostilities with t'lo 
French Government. 

But now, the Rebellion havng been suppressed, the 
United States became peremptory in its demands for the 
French army to evacuate Mexico and sent some tro )ps 
to the Rio Grande. 

It was rumored in camp that we were ordered to the 
Rio Grande. Our officers were all ordered to apprar bc-.- 
fore a kind of examining board to undergo an exam- 
ination as to their physical fitness for military service, 
and their knowledge of military tactics and the Army 
Regulations. This seemed to confirm the rumor that we 
Avere to go to Mexico. 

Our men as a rule did not want to go, but were an- 
>:ious to return and try to build up their desolated farms 
and homes and join their families from whom they had 
been so long separated, but the three years for which they 
had volunteered had not expired and they knew if ordered 
to do so they must go ; but, to our very great satisfaction, 
this rumor, like many other camp rumors, was not con- 
firmed, and w-e did not take the much talked about trip. 

Our officers were very busy making out reports of 
quartermaster stores for wdiich they had receipted and 
were responsible to the Government. These included 
horses, arms, clothing and all kinds of equipage. Many 
of them had been careless in taking receipts from their 


men, and all the horses worn out and abandoned on the 
raids, together with saddles, bridles and blankets had to 
be accounted for and the loss of each article, especially 
each horse, had to be certified to by a board of sur- 
vey, consisting of three commissioned officers. Many 
■officers never did get their accounts with the Governmeni 
adjusted, but were finally relieved by an act of Congress 
passed some years after the war. 

There was not much now to relieve the monotony of 
camp life among the soldiers. We had not been paid for 
a year and the men could not even buy tobacco, which 
w^as considered by many an absolute necessity. Some of 
the captains bought tobacco by the box and issued to 
their companies to stop their complaints. 

At length we were ordered to turn over all the Gov- 
ernment property and took the train for Knoxville. We 
went into camp on the south side of the river east of the 
city. This was in August, 1865. It was now understood 
that a special order had been issued by the War Depart- 
ment mustering out the Regiment on account of the close 
of the war. 

The officers secured rooms at different places in the 
city and set about making out the muster-rolls which had 
to be made out in triplicate, containing the names of ev- 
ery soldier that had ever appeared on the company's rolls, 
with remarks covering his military history. This was 
found to be an almost endless job, but it was finally ac- 
complished. Everything being in readiness on the 5th 
day of September, 1865, the officers and men of the Thir- 
teenth Regiment of Tennessee Volunteer Cavalry were 
paid off by the United States paymaster and mustered out 
of the service of the United States Government by Capt. 
Thomas C. Jones, U. S. A., in obedience to paragraph No. 
2, Special Order No. 49, Department of Tennessee. The 
men had been associated with each other for nearly two 
years, and though they had been looking forward for sev- 
eral weeks with much impatience for the time to come 
when they would be relieved from the restraints of mili- 
tary service and join their families and friends, when 


the hour came for breaking up the pleasant associations 
that had been formed, and parting with comrades never 
to meet with many of them again this side of "the great 
camping ground above," our hearts swelled with emo- 
tion, and our voices grew husky as we spoke the parting 
word and clasped each other's hands in affectionate good- 


In army life, as in civil life, men of congenial tastes 
and habits are drawn together, and become friends and 
associates, while, like people in a large city who do not 
know their next door neighbors, many ofBcers and men 
are associated together in the same regiment without 
knowing much of each other, because their habits and 
tastes are not alike. Some men spent their leisure hours 
in camp, reading such useful or interesting books as they 
could procure, or engaged in writing letters, playing 
dominoes or checkers, or some other innocent games, 
while a great many indulged in the baneful habit of card 
playing, often leading to gambling and dissipation. Army 
life is not conducive to good morals, or the formation of 
good habits, yet it has been demonstrated that men may, 
and did live a strictly moral and religious life in the 
army ; but we fear they were the exceptions to the rule. 

Army life with its excitement and constant changes of 
scene was not without its attractions for the young, and 
broadened the views of those whose lives had been con- 
fined to narrow limits. It was a kind of education in the 
ways of the world and variety of human character. A 
regiment of men embraced all sorts of people, geniuses, 
wits, christians, infidels, men of the strictest honor and 
integrity, and gamblers, and men destitute of honor or 
any of the finer qualities of humanity. We are pleased 
to observe that we believe our Regiment contained its full 
share of the former and but few of the latter class of men. 
Men of almost every profession, occupation and trade 
were represented in the Regiment, though the greater 
part were farmers. We had lawyers, doctors, preachers 
and school teachers, as well as engineers, mechanics and 
men who had been engaged in trading and business of all 


kinds, hammermen, bookkeepers, clerks and superintend- 
ents of iron works, and railroad men. The friendships- 
formed in the army between those of congenial natures- 
were strong and lasting. There is something almost in- 
explicable in the ties that bind men together who have 
been associated with each other in times of hardship and 
danger in a common cause. It brings about a feeling of 
kinship and brotherly affection that only death can ef- 
face. This has been demonstrated since the war in the 
reunions of the veterans of the two armies. They travel 
hundreds of miles to meet each other, and the meetings 
between comrades is marked by demonstrations of pleas- 
ure seldom seen among any other assemblies of men. 
Our own reunions, which should have been organized 
before so many of our comrades passed to the "better 
land," and others became old and feeble, have been a 
source of much pleasure, and it is hoped as many of the 
comrades will attend them in the future as possibly can 
do so. 

The organization known as "The Thirteenth Tennes- 
see Cavalry Association" was organized in 1896 and held 
its first meeting at Butler, Tenn., in October of that year. 
The circumstances leading to the formation of this as- 
sociation were as follows: "In August, 1896, Comrades 
S. P. Angel, John G. Burchfield and S. W. Scott met at 
the residence of Comrade George D. Roberts in Eliza- 
bethton, Tenn., one Sunday afternoon and the question 
of reunions was mentioned. One of the comrades sug- 
gested that we issue a call for a reunion of Company G, 
to which we had belonged, to meet at Hampton, Tenn., 
on the following week, which was done. About one hun- 
dred persons, mostly the comrades and their families, met 
in a pretty little grove near Hampton with well filled 
baskets and enjoyed a few hours most pleasantly in 
speech-making and pleasant reminiscences. At that place 
w^e organized the Regimental association with Comrade 
John M. Wilcox president and Comrades S. W. Scott 
and Henry Lineback secretary and treasurer, respective- 
ly. The meeting at Butler was largely attended and the- 


comrades and their friends were entertained in a most 
hospitable manner by the citizens of Butler and the com- 
rades, as well as the people, appeared to enjoy the occa- 
sion very much. [ hese reunions have been held an- 
nually ever since and have grown in interest each year. 

At the reunion held at Mountain City in September, 
1898, a resolution making all Union veterans of Carter 
and Johnson, and adjoining counties, associate members 
of this association, was adopted. 

We have now completed what has been to us a pleas- 
ant, though somewhat laborious task, in getting up the 
material from comrades from diaries and from the re- 
ports of the "Conduct of the War," and "Official Records 
of the Union and Confederate Armies," containing the 
official reports of Generals Gillem, Stoneman and Am- 
men, on our side, and Generals Breckenridge, Vaughn 
and Duke on the Confederate side. Many incidents have 
been lost by the death of comrades that might have been 
placed on record had this history been written at an earlier 
date. Many other events known to comrades now living 
will be lost, we have no doubt, because the comrades 
have failed to respond to our earnest appeals to furnish 
them to us. It was impossible for us to interview each 
comrade, scattered as they now are, residing in twelve 
different States at least, outside of Tennessee. To those 
who have kindly responded to our circulars and letters 
and furnished us valuable information we return our 
grateful thanks ; to those who, for various reasons, have 
remained silent, we ofifer our regrets that they did not re- 
spond, and hope they will not be displeased if they fail 
to find in this work information which they could have, 
but did not furnish. 

In summarizing the services rendered by our Regi- 
ment, or in the preceding details of its service as unor- 
ganized citizens, in the Union cause, as bridge burners, 
in the Carter county rebellion, in the various conventions, 
and in the plans and efforts to assist the Union cause 
and to place obstacles in the way of the enemy before 
the organization of the Regiment, and in its marches, 


skirmishes and battles, and in its sufferings from hunger 
and cold and fatigue, we feel sure we have not overdrawn 
the picture, if, indeed, we have been able to do the organi- 
zation full justice. 

In ascribing praise to the men who composed the Thir- 
teenth Tennessee Cavalry we do not withhold the same 
from other Tennessee organizations. The Second Ten- 
nessee Mounted Infantry, organized by Col. J. P. T. Car- 
ter, of Carter county, and the Fourth Tennessee Infantry, 
organized by Colonel Daniel Stover, also of Carter coun- 
ty, contained many Carter and Johnson county men, and 
we were indebted to them for a number of brave and 
efficient officers. 

Starting out from Strawberry Plains and ending at 
Knoxville, Tenn., where it was mustered out of service, 
the Regiment in its various marches and countermarches 
traveled three thousand three hundred and twenty-three 
(3323) miles, less than 50 miles of this distance by 
rail, the balance, except from Strawberry Plains to Camp 
Nelson, a distance of 170 miles, which was traveled on 
foot, was on horseback. These figures are taken from a 
diary kept by one of our officers, and the distances ob- 
tained each day from reliable sources, and is therefore 
not guess work or "rough estimates." 

W'^e crossed seventeen large sized rivers and stream?, 
including the Holston or Tennessee, the Cumberland, 
Watauga, New River. Yadkin, Savannah. Catawba, 
Clinch and Kentucky, besides innumerable smaller rivers 
and streams. 

We passed through the following States or some parts 
of them : Tennessee, Kentucky, ^^irginia, North Caro- 
lina, South Carolina and Georgia. We passed through 
more than 50 towns, cities and villages, among these were 
the following : Lexington, Danville, Lebanon. Lancas- 
ter. Barboursville, London, Crab Orchard. Nicholasville. 
and other towns in Kentucky; Nashville, Gallatin, Leban- 
on. Sparta, Kingston, Knoxville, New Market, Mossy 
Creek (Jefferson City), Morristown, Russellville, Rog- 
ersville, Rutledge. Tazewell, Kingsport, Bjountsville, 


Bristol, Greeneville, Rheatown, Jonesboro, Zollicoffer. 
(Bluff City), Elizabethton and 'iaylorsville (Alountain 
City), Tennessee; Estelville, Abingdon, jMarion, Withe- 
ville, Hillsville and Taylorsville, in \'irginia; Asheville, 
Hendersonville, Marion, Rutherford, Morgantown, 
Wilksboro, Mount Airy, Saulsbury, Statesville and other 
smaller towns in North Carolina; Greenville and Ander- 
son in South Carolina, and Washington, Milledgevilk-. 
Grensboro, Athens and other towns in Georgia. 

We crossed and recrossed the various ranges of the 
Allegheny mountains, the Cumberland, Unaka and 
Smoky, Yellow, Iron, Clinch, Stone and Blue Ridge. 

We captured or assisted in the capture of a large num- 
ber of prisoners, artillery, arms and equipages, destroyed 
railroads and a vast amount of the enemy's stores. 

While desiring no invidious comparisons with regi- 
ments from our own State, all of which did good service, 
we invite comparison w'ith the average service of the 
cavalry regiments of the United States army, although 
we were late in entering the field and were only about 
eighteen months in active service in the field. 

There were in our Regiment not less than two hundred 
(200) soldiers under the age of i8 years; some below 
16. These were all placed on the rolls at i8, because 
that is the lowest age that can be mustered according to 
the regulations: but in 1863 — that darkest period of the 
war — troops were mustered almost regardless of age, 
size or condition. 

It will be seen that this large proportion of our Regi- 
ment had "grown up" since the beginning of the war in 
1 86 1, from boys twelve to fourteen years of age. We take 
pleasure in bearing testimony to the fact that these young- 
soldiers were among the best and bravest in the Regi- 

Believing it will be more satisfactory to our readers, 
and more easily understood, we have prepared a roster of 
those who were living at the time, and were mustered 
out with the Regiment September 5th, 1865, and a sep- 
arate roll, by companies, of the dead who were killed in 


battle or otherwise, or who died of disease while in the 
service* of their country. We have designated the latter 
roll "The Roll of Honor." These will be found in the 
Appendix to this history. We had intended preparing a 
summary showing the casualties in killed, wounded, cap- 
tured and died, but learn from conversation with the com- 
rades that there were many casualties that through care- 
lessness of officers are not noted on the companies' rolls, 
and hence do not appear in the Adjutant-General's report. 
We have found and corrected a number of these but how 
many more there may be it is impossible to tell. Instances 
of this are Lieut. G. W. Enimert, who was severely 
wounded at Morristown ; Lieut. Freels, who was wounded 
in the hand at Bull's Gap, and Adjutant S. P. Angel, who 
was severely injured at Saulsbury, N. C., and Samuel 
Thompson, of Company H., who was wounded at Bull's 

It is well known that the casualties in cavalry regiments 
are not so great as in infantry. It is intended that this 
branch of the service, as a rule, do the scouting, harass 
the enemy and follow up the victories achieved by the in- 
fantry and artillery. 

According to the Adjutant-General's report the casual- 
ties of the Thirteenth were about an average of those of 
the Tennessee regiments of cavalry, although it was the 
last of them in the service. Comparing it with the First 
Tennessee Cavalry, which was in the service eight 
months longer, the casualties were nearly the same, ac- 
cording to the Adjutant-General's report. 


We cannot in justice close this history without paying 
our respects to the large number of men who joined our 
Regiment from Western North Carolina. There were 
probably not less than 150 whose homes were in Ashe, 
Mitchell, Watauga and adjoining counties of that State. 
They breathed the same mountain air and were filled with 
the same spirit of devotion to the Union cause. Their 



ancestors, like ours, had fought at King's mountain, at 
New Orleans and on the Plains of Mexico, and made 
the name of the "North State" glorious, nor did those 
who fousrht with the "Thirteenth" tarnish her escutch- 


They came, many of them, to us in the dark days of 
the Carter county rebellion and gave us their aid and 
sympathy. There were no people who deserve greater 
praise for their loyalty than the people of Western North 
Carolina because there were none whose patriotism was 
more costly than theirs. Their old men and brave women 
went through the same experience of hardships and dan- 
gers that we have described as falling to the lot of the 
men and women of Carter and Johnson counties. These 
people are endeared to us because they shared with us the 
march and battle, and the same suffering and dangers. 
They occupied the same hospitals of pain, they fell upon 
the same battle fields and were martyrs to the same cause 
as our own East Tennesseeans. Ours is virtually the same 
climate, the same habits of life, the same love of liberty, 
and we worship the same God. We are separated only 
by an imaginary line we might say. It seems to us tiiat 
it would have been most fitting if the great John Sevier 
could have realized his dreams and formed the State of 
Franklin, embracing the mountain counties of Tennes- 
see, North Carolina and Virginia. It would have been a 
grand State. Grand in its patriotism, grand in its hos- 
pitality and grand in its freedom and nobility of char- 
acter. There would l)e no happier people than would 
nave been found among its mountains. 

Besides many fine organizations of Federal soldiers 
from North Carolina, like East Tennessee, her sons were 
fighting under the colors of regiments of nearly every 
Northern and Western State during the civil war. 

We believe that as long as there is a member of the 
old ''13th" alive, there will be a warm place in his heart 
for the gallant "Tarheels" who battled side by side with 
him under the colors of our grand old Regiment for the 
redemption of our homes and firesides. 


We would be glad if we had a separate list of the 
names of the North Carolinians who served in the Thir- 
teenth. We remember the Aldridges, Buchanans, the 
Dowells, the Calaways, the Youngs, the Green's, the 
Byrds, the Butlers, the Cornuts, the Parkers, the East- 
ridges, the Fords, the Garlands, the Gosses, the Hughes, 
the Johnsons, the Mulicans, the Nelsons, the Lewis', the 
Prices, the Philips, the Poors, the Pittmans, the Reeses, 
the Smiths, the Snyders, the Wilsons, the Coxes, Hol- 
mans and many other names that represented loyal North 
Carolina families. 



Personal Sketch of Each Officer of the Regiment. Giving 
the Part He Took in the Bridge-Burning, the Carter County 
Rebellion or Other Service. Together With the Pictures of as 
Many Officers as We Are Able to Get, With the Military His- 
tory of Each One. 


[Note. — We had written up an extended notice of each officer 
of the Regiment, but finding upon the completion of our manu- 
script that our history had grown far beyond the limit of 400 pages 
for which we had contracted with our publisher, we have deemed 
it best to condense and abbreviate these sketches rather than cur- 
tail other parts of the History.] 


Colonel Miller is a native of Carter county, Tenn. At 
the beginning of the Civil \\'ar he took a decided stand 
for the Union. He was at that time Sheriff of his native 
county and wielded a strong influence for the cause. He 
took an active part in gathering up the Union men to de- 
fend the bridge-burners and took a prominent part in the 
Carter county Rebellion, which followed the burning^ of 
the bridge at Union, known afterwards as Zollicoffer. 

He organized the Thirteenth Regiment Tennessee 
Volunteer Cavalry U. S. A. and commanded it until 
placed in comand of the Brigade known as the "3d Bri- 
gade, Governor's Guards," which he commanded until 
mustered out of service September 5, 1865. 

The frequent mention of Colonel Miller's military ser- 
vice in the body of this history renders it unnecessary to 
enlarge upon it here. We will only add that as an ofificer 


he was brave and competent, and as a citizen and friend 
he is patriotic, kind and generous. He is still living and 
resides at Bristol, Tenn.-Va. 


The recent death of Col. Butler, which occurred at his 
home in Mountain City, Johnson county, Tennessee, 
August 18, 1902, has called public attention to his life and 
character, and it is most gratifying to his friends to note 
the unanimity with which the public press, of all shades 
of political opinion, agree in bestowing upon him very 
many of those traits of character, which all true men desir.i 
said of them when life's busy scenes have passed from 
their view. But for the fact that it will afford us pleasure 
to offer our humble testimony to the "goodness and 
Avorth" of a comrade and friend, and to place what has 
been so well and truly said by others "in more enduring 
form" than that of newspaper articles, which are read to- 
day and forgotten to-morrow, we would scarcely attempt 
to write this article. 

The strong characteristics of industry, energy and abil- 
ity, that enabled Judge Butler to overcome the obstacles 
that poverty placed in his way, and reach a position in 
public life that few men have attained under like circum- 
stances, are certainly to be admired, and his successful 
life should be held up to every poor, but ambitious young 
man, as an object lesson, demonstrating wdiat pluck and 
energy, backed by a reasonable ambition, can do, regard- 
less of poverty, want of education or the assistance of in- 
fluential friends. His life has been a remarkable one, and 
is another confirmation of the old adage, "Where there's 
a will there's a way." 

But to our minds, the one overshadowing and admir- 
able trait in his character, that eclipsed all others, was his 
love for and confidence in his fellow man, regardless of 
class, caste or condition. This was the golden cord that 


bound to him many thousands of men who clung to him 
through Hfe, and whom no amount of slander, calumny 
or vituperation could drive from him. We cannot say 
whether or not he obeyed the divine injunction to ''Love 
thine enemy," but we can testify that he loved his friends, 
whether among the lowly or the great, with a devotion 
seldom surpassed. His memory will be secure as long as 
there is one left who knew him well. Thousands have 
been the beneficiaries of his kindly smile and his warm 
grasp of friendship, and partakers of his hospitality, and 
recipients of his favors and kind offices. His death cast a 
shadow over many a mansion and humble home, and 
l)rought pain to many hearts, but he had reached the ful- 
ness of time, and from a long life, full of battles — reverses 
as well as victories "he has lain down to rest." 

We append extracts and comments on the death of 
Judge Butler, written by able editors, men who knew him 
well, and we heartily endorse their commendations. These 
articles give all the leading facts concerning his remark- 
able public career, his nativity and date of his birth, as 
well as his early struggles with poverty. His life has 
been a grand success socially, politically and financially. 

Before introducing these extracts, we will note briefly 
liis military career, which in one sense was brief, but in 
another sense, like most prominent men of East Tennes- 
see, he was in the "fight" from 1861 till 1865. 

After bravely facing all the dangers common to the 
loyal men of Johnson and Carter counties from the very 
beginning, leading largely in their councils and conven- 
tions, planning to thwart the devices of the enemy, and, 
finally, having to flee from their wrath, he was commis- 
.'ioned by Governor Johnson to raise a regiment of cavalry 
for the Federal army. Col. ]Miller and Col. A. D. Smith 
were recruiting a regiment at the same time, and upon 
the death of Col. Smith, Col. Butler consolidated his men 
with those of Col. Miller, forming the Thirteenth Tennes- 
see Cavalry, in which organization he was commissioned 
and mustered as Lieut.-Colonel October 8. 1863. But 
Colonel Butler, after assistino- in oro-anizingf and sfettino- 


the Regiment in shape, feehng that he had no mihtary 
education whatever, that another, more experienced than 
himself, could fill the place better, while he could render 
far greater service to his people and to his country 
through diplomacy, and by being free to go wherever he 
could aid the suffering, or help to counteract the devices 
of the enemy, he accordingly, on May ii, 1864, resigned 
his commission, as Lieut.-Colonel, giving place to the gal- 
lant Ingerton, after he was convinced of that officer's ex- 
perience and capability as a true and tried soldier. 

It would be impossible to give the reader an idea of the 
many acts of kindness done by him to the officers and 
soldiers of the regiment. He exerted his influence at all 
times with Governor Johnson to send troops into East 
Tennessee to the relief of his suffering friends. He was 
at Knoxville when our Brigade was campaigning in East 
Tennessee, and was always on the alert and looking after 
the interests of the Thirteenth. When the Brigade was 
fighting for its very existence at Bull's Gap, and General 
Gillem was pleading for reinforcements, it was Colonel 
Butler who accompanied W. G. Brownlow to General 
Ammen's office to implore him to send them aid, though it 
was all in vain, Colonel Butler showed his interest and 
anxiety for his old comrades. 

It was charged against Colonel Butler in his political 
campaigns that he was not true to the Union, and that he 
made an effort at one time to raise a regiment for the 
Confederate service. In that dark hour of suffering in 
East Tennessee, when the Union people were under the 
heel of the petty despots, who were burning their homes, 
hanging and imprisoning the men, and bringing ruin and 
starvation to the doors of their families, it would be easy 
to believe that Col. Butler may have resorted to almost 
anything to stay the avenging sword, and to appease the 
wrath that was turned on his people. He may have re- 
sorted to the deception even of agreeing to raise a regi- 
ment, for what could he have done to save his people then 
that would not have been justifiable? Good faith on the 
part of the Confederates towards the Union people was 


not to be dreamed of. Deception and duplicity must be 
met with like bad faith at such a time as that. But that 
Colonel Butler ever faltered in his love for, and loyalty 
to, the Government of the United States, none who knew 
him believed for one moment. 

Col. Butler has always retained a warm place in the 
hearts of the members of the Regiment, and he has often 
expressed the deepest regret that since the organization 
of the "Thirteenth Tennessee Cavalry Association" his 
health has been too feeble to attend their reunions, but he 
has always sent written greetings and words of affection- 
ate remembrance. In 1898. the reunion was held at his 
home town. Mountain City, but he was then afflicted with 
partial blindness and could not attend, but his life-long 
friend, Lieut. C. M. Arnold, read a most touching address 
to the comrades which the Colonel had prepared. On the 
same occasion, it was arranged for the comrades to repair, 
in a body, to his elegant home in the suburbs of the town, 
and greet their old friend and comrade-in-arms. This 
they did and found him, though quite feeble, sitting on his 
Aeranda awaiting them. They all passed in procession, 
each taking his hand gently, and speaking a word or two 
of friendly cheer. Though almost totally blind at the 
time, he was able to recognize nearly every voice, and re- 
turned the greetings most pleasantly. 

We are pleased to note here that Colonel Butler recov- 
ered to a great extent from this sad affliction, and though, 
feeble afterwards, was able for several years to visit his 
children and friends and spend his time pleasantly and 
comfortably until a few months before his death 


Following are editorial clippings from a number of our 
exchanges relative to the life and death of Hon. R. R. 
Butler, one of the most distinguished citizens that ever re- 
sided in the county and one that will be missed bv all 


classes, regardless of race or standing. "Judge Butler is 
gone, but his honest, industrious, charitable and sober li^e 
will long remain in the minds of the people of East Ten- 
nessee and especially those who live in Johnson county." 
— Tennessee Tomahazvk : 

"Judge Roderick Butler is dead. He was born in 
Wythe county, Virginia, in 1827 and reared to young 
manhood in tliat county. When about nineteen years of 
age he moved to Johnson county, Tenn., wdiere he after- 
wards married Miss Emeline Donnelly, who resided near 
Mountain City. The deceased was born a poor man, but 
liis undaunted energy brought him to the front in the af- 
fairs of state and nation. 

"When a grown young man he worked at the tailors 
trade in Johnson county to support himself and happy 
wife. During this time he was a constant student, putting 
in every s])are hour from work at study. He would select a 
task and study upon it, reciting to Rev. James Keys, a 
local minister. He kept this up for years and gathered 
much valuable information. Later he took up the study 
of law and mastered it by hard work. He was admitted 
to the bar in 1854 and practiced for years. Before the 
Civil War he represented his county in the legislature of 
the State and made a clear record. In 1865 he was chosen 
for the position of Circuit Judge of the First Judicial Cir- 
cuit of Tennessee. This position he held for nearly two 
3'ears, resigning to become a candidate for Congress in the 
fall of 1866. In that year he was nominated and ran for 
Congress on the Republican ticket. He was a popular 
and brainy man and was easily elected. He remained in 
the National Congress six years and four years at anothei 
time, making his full term in the National body ten years. 
\Miile holding that important trust he voted and labored 
for his distrct and the people who resided in it. On na- 
tional questions he showed talent and wise judgment and 
his clean record was a monument to his long life. 

"During life he also sat upon the county judge's bench, 
dealing out law and equity with care and consideration. 
All through life he figured in the political affairs of East 


Tennessee and was recognized as a big man, both in and 
out of his party. By his death the State loses one of its 
powers, and the people in general all over this section of 
country will deeply regret to learn of his death. 

"He is survived by seven sons and two daug:hters, 
namely, R. H., Dr. J. G., S. D., and Hon. E. E. Butler, of 
Mountain City, Dr. W. R. Butler, John B. and G. O., of 
Oregon, Mrs. Jennie Church and Mrs. W. 1\. Keys, of 
Mountain City." — Bristol News. 

"With the death of Hon. R. R. Butler, one of the 
most remarkable men, in many respects, in the State, has 
passed away. He has been most of his time in public 
life, for more than forty years, having served a term in 
the Tennessee Legislature before the Civil War. He 
served several terms in Congress, also as Circuit Judge in 
his judicial circuit. He was elected to the two houses of 
the Tennessee Legislature oftener than any other man in 
the State, or who has ever been so elected. He was a man 
of generous impulses and made friends of all with vvhom 
he came in contact. Like others he was not without 
faults, but there have been few men in Tennessee who 
have enjoyed a wider, longer, or more general pc^pularity. 
He lost his wife not many years ago, which gave hirn 
great grief, and some two years ago he lost a favorite 
grandchild, to which he was much attached, and since then 
has scarcely been himself. His health has not been good 
for some time ; but his death came as a shock to his many 
friends and acquaintances in his county and district and 
throuo^hout the State." — Knoxville Journal and Tribune. 


Colonel Stacy was born at Columbus, Penn., in 1837. 
His family removed to Ripley, O., just previous to the 
Civil War. He volunteered in the 7th Ohio Cavalry and 
was appointed Sergeant-Major of that regiment. He was 


with the regiment in the long chase after Gen. John H. 
Morgan through Kentucky, Indiana and Ohio, and also in 
Saunder's raid around KnoxviHe. He came into Knox- 
vihe with his regiment when Gen. Burnside occupied East 
Tennessee in September, 1863. At the organization of 
the Thirteenth Tennessee Cavah-y he was appointed Ad- 
jutant of the Regiment. September 24, 1863, on recom- 
mendation of Gen. Samuel P. Carter, was detailed later 
as A. A. G. on Colonel Miller's staff when that officer was 
assigned to the command of the Third Brigade, Gover- 
nor's Guard ; promoted to Captain of Company F, October 
26, 1864, for gallantry and meritorious service, and after 
the death of Lieut. -Col. Ingerton was commissioned 
Lieut.-Colonel of the Regiment, Dec. loth, 1864. Col. 
Stacy was with the Regiment in all its campaigns from 
its organization until its muster-out, September 5, 1865. 

After the war he located in Knoxville, where the firm 
of Stacy & Angel became well-known. 

He was married to Miss Margaret Augusta Piper, of 
Rogersville, Tenn., September 12, 1865. He and his wife 
tmited with the Second Presbyterian Church soon after 
•coming to Knoxville, and he was soon afterwards elected 
an Elder. He represented his synod in the General As- 
sembly at Toledo, O., in 1870. He removed to Dallas. 
Texas, in the year 1872, and remained there until 1882. 
He had been in declining health for several years and died 
at Knoxville, Tennessee, September 20th, 1882. His re- 
mains are buried in Gray Cemetery. 


Col. Smith was born in Wilkes county, near Wilkes- 
boro, N. C, July 5th, 1810. When he was six years of age 
his father moved to Carter county, Tenn. Col. Smith 
married in Johnson county and became a citizen of that 
county when it was first organized. He was the first 
Sheriff of the county, and was Circuit Court Clerk for 24 
3'ears. He served as Clerk and Master of the Chancery 


Court for two or three years and gave up that position to 
engage in the practice of law. He continued the practice 
of law successfully up to the beginning of the Civil War. 

He was among the foremost leaders in resisting the se- 
cession movement in Johnson and Carter counties and par- 
ticipated in all the excitement and dangers of that perioil. 
He was a member of the Knoxville Union Convention 
and served on the most important committee of that body. 
He was also delegate to the Greeneville Convention. Ho 
assisted in the organization of the Thirteenth Tennessee 
(Union) Cavalry and was elected Lieutenant-Colonel of 
the Regiment and served until stricken with fever. He 
died at the home of Gains McBee. at Strawberry Plains, 
Tenn., November 3. 1863. This was the first death of an 
officer in the Regiment. Colonel Smith was personally 
known to nearly every man in the Regiment and was held 
in the highest esteem by all. From his ability and cour- 
age it was believed he would make a valuable officer and 
all felt the Regiment had sustained a great loss. 

Col. Smith was a brother of the late Hon. Hamilton C. 
Smith, for many years Chancellor of the First Chancery 
Division of Tennessee and father of Hon. John P. Smith, 
who has served 16 years as Chancellor of the same Divi- 
sion, and has recently been appointed Governor of the 
Mountain Branch of the National Home for Disabled 
Volunteer Soldiers now in course of construction by the 
United States Government at Johnson City, Tenn. 


(Second Battalion.) 

IVIajor Underwood was born in Enfield. Hampshire 
county, IMass., March 27th, 1827. He learned engineer- 
ing and served as an engineer on the Hudson River R. R. 
from 1849 i-^itil 1856, when he went to East Tennessee 
and accepted the position of Master Alechanic of the East 
Tennessee and \^irginia Railroad. 


Major ITnclerwood was a staunch Union man and rend- 
ered all the assistance he could to the Union cause. He 
was commissioned Major of the Second Battalion of the 
Thirteenth Tennessee Cavalry April nth, 1864, and was 
engaged in all the campaigns of the Regiment in East 
Tennessee. He commanded his Battalion in the fights at 
Greeneville, Tennessee, Morristown, Carter's Depot and 
Bull's Gap. At Morristown he was in the gallant sabre 
charge that broke the enemy's lines and was highly com- 
mended for gallantry. He was fond of music and poetry 
and delighted in discussing questions of science and 
philosophy ; the ofificers of the Regiment gave him the 
sobricjuet of "Old Philosophy," wdiich he seemed to appre- 
ciate rather than dislike. He went to California many 
years ago and is now a resident of Colusa, California. 


James W. M. Grayson was a prominent citizen of 
Johnson county when the war came and a man at that 
time of probably 35 years of age. He took an active part 
as an officer in the Carter county Rebellion, and displayed 
courage and ability. He was among the first to recruit 
any considerable number of men in his county for the Fed- 
eral service, taking with him at one time 100 men to Ken- 
tucky. This was in May, 1862. He assisted largely in 
recruiting the Fourth Tennessee Infantry and was com- 
missioned Lieut. -Colonel of that regiment May ist, 1863, 
and through some disagreement with superior officers 
left that regiment and accepted a commission in the Thir- 
teenth Tennessee as Major, October 6th, 1863, and re- 
mained with the Regiment until April, 1864, when he re- 
signed on account of ill health. 

After the war and up to his death, which occurred only 
a few years ago, he was actively engaged in farming and 
business enterprises at Grayson, N. C. We know nothing 
of his family except a daughter, Mrs. Dr. W. R. Butler, 
of Butler, Tenn., and a son, A. G. Grayson, Esq., who is 
engaged in business and resides at Trade, Johnson county, 


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ft 50 



R. H. M. Donnelly was born in Lee county, Va., Jan- 
uary 2, 1835, and was the fifth child of William and 
Sarah McQueen Donnelly. His father died in 1842, and 
his mother died in 1876. Robert lived with his mother 
until he was of age. After learning the carpenter's trade 
he went to Johnson county, Tenn., where he was married 
to Miss Eliza J. Allen, near Taylorsville, April 6, i860. 

When the Civil War broke out he at once took an ac- 
tive part on the side of the Union. He made several 
efforts to get to the Federal army before he succeeded in 
doing so. In these efforts he suffered the usual dangers, 
hardships and privations we have described in other 
places. He finally left home in the latter part of August, 
1863. In company with R. H. Luttrell. Richard H. Wil- 
son and others he left Taylorsville in the night and 
crossed the Iron Mountain, on top of which he fell in 
with about 80 other Union men fleeing to the Federal 
army, which was then said to be in the vicinity of Jones- 
boro, Tenn. This company went down Stony Creek in 
Carter county, stopping near Benjamin Coles to rest. At 
daylight they resumed the journey and at length they 
came to the Federal lines near Jonesboro, Tenn., and 
halted at a large spring west of the town where forty or 
fifty of them volunteered, forming what was afterwards 
Company D of the Thirteenth Tennessee Cavalry, and 
elected R. H. Luttrell, Captain ; R. H. M. Donnelly, First 
Lieutenant, and R. H. Allen, Second Lieutenant. Arriv- 
ing at Greeneville this company fell in with a large num- 
ber of other recruits for the Thirteenth, and their history 
is the same thereafter as described in the organization of 
the Regiment. 

Upon the death of Captain R. H. Luttrell, January 
20th, 1864, Lieut. R. H. ]M. Donnelly was promoted to 
Captain of Company D, in which position he served until 
June 22, 1865, when he was promoted to Major. 

He was a brave, intelligent officer, and was often se- 
lected for duty when courage and firmness were needed. 


He was in all th ampaigns and battles in which the 
Regiment was eng ^d. While Captain of Company D 
his company was oia red to the support of Major Wag- 
ner's Battalion when it was being driven back by over- 
whelming numbers. Captain Donnelly was among the 
first in the gallant charge at Fort Breckenridge, Va. We 
are only able to mention further in this brief sketch that 
he captured the notorious Lieut. -Colonel Dorrity and dis- 
armed him with his own hands. That he was in the detach- 
ment that was sent under Major Doughty to break up 
the gang of Ellis Harper, known as the "Harper gang," 
that were committing so many depredations in Middle 
Tennessee and Kentucky. Captain Donnelly took an ac- 
tive part in this afifair, which was never made public until 
reported for this history by Major Doughty. 

Aside from his soldierly qualities Major Donnelly was 
highly esteemed by the officers and men for his social 
qualities and gentlemanly conduct at all times. After the 
war he located at Rheatown, Tenn., where he was Post- 
master for 14 years. He now lives at Chuckey City, Tenn , 
where he has resided for i6 years. Was Postmaster at 
that place under President Harrison's administration. 
He has been engaged in the mercantile and other business 
enterprises and is now in the hotel business, and has been 
for the past i6 years at Chuckey City, Tenn. 


Major Wagner is the sixth son and ninth child of 
Mathias M. and Mary Wagner, and was born in Taylors- 
ville (now Mountain City), Tenn., January 14, 1841. 
Major Wagner received his education in his native town 
and at Boone's Creek Seminary, in Washmgton county, 
Tenn. He was elected Colonel of the Johnson county 
militia in i860 when only a little past twenty years of 
age. He took an active part in all the movements of the 
Union men of his county and was commander of the 
Johnson county forces, numbering about 250 men. in the 


Carter county rebellion. yVfter th« rebellion he shared 
in the clangers and persecutions o^ .ose times. 

Major AV'agner joined the Regwiient as private, Com- 
pany E January 2, 1864, was transferred to non-com- 
missioned staff as Quartermaster-Sergeant January 9, 
1864, promoted to Major of the Third Battalion May 15, 

Major Wagner was a most efficient officer, performing 
all his duties to the eminent satisfaction of his superior 
officers, and gained the respect and confidence of his men, 
as well as the friendship and esteem of his fellow-officers. 

The Major and his estimable wife and family are resi- 
dents of Mountain City, Tenn., where they enjoy the com- 
forts of an elegant home and the highest honor and re- 
spect of a host of friends and relatives. 

Major Wagner resigned his commission in the army 
March 25th, 1865, to accept a seat in the General Assem- 
bly of the State as representative from Carter and John- 
son counties, to which he was elected by the vote of the 



Christopher C. Wilcox was a Carter county man After 
taking part in the Greeneville Convention, the Carter 
county rebellion and in all the movements of the Union 
people he organized Company G and commanded that 
company until promoted to Major, March 10, 1865. 

The frequent mention of this officer in the body of the 
history renders it unnecessary to comment here upon his 
military history further than to say that he made a na- 
tional reputation by his daring charge into Greeneville, 
Tenn., on the' morning of September 4, 1864, when Gen. 
John H. Morgan was killed and his staff officers and body 
guard captured. 

As an officer there were none braver or more kind and 
considerate for the welfare of his men. He had one 
brother, Lieut. D. P. Wilcox, of the Second Tennessee 


Infantry, and two sons, Lieut. John M. and Sergeant 
Robert B. Wilcox, of Company G, Thirteenth Tennessee 
Cavalry, in the Federal army, and all made gallant sol- 

Major Wilcox died at Emporia, Kan., a number of 
years ago. 


Patrick F. Dyer was a native of Ireland and was only 
23 years old when commissioned Captain of Company B. 
He was promoted to Major, March loth, 1865. He was 
captured at the first battle of Bull's Run, made his escape 
from Saulsbury prison and arrived in Carter county 
sometime previous to the occupation of East Tennessee 
by Gen. Burnside. He served with the Thirteenth Ten- 
nessee Cavalry from its organization until its muster-out, 
and was a brave and competent officer as well as a genial 
comrade and friend. He has been dead a number of 


Major Matlock succeeded Major Hobbs as Surgeon of 
the Thirteenth Tennesse Cavalry, his commission bear- 
ing date September 27, 1864, and he remained with the 
Regiment until its muster-out, September 5, 1865. 

Major Matlock was a native of Pennsylvania. After 
the close of the war he lived at Downingtown, Pa., where 
he practiced his profession until his death, w^iich oc- 
curred in June, 1896. 


Dr. Cameron was born in Elizabethton, Tenn., No- 
vember, 1833. He and his two brothers, M. D. L. 
and John W. Cameron, though the family owned slaves. 


were among the most active and fearless of the support- 
ers of the Union cause. John \V. Cameron, the younger 
brother, was a delegate to the Knoxville Union Conven- 
tion in 1 86 1, and took an active part in all the affairs of 
the Union people, and but for his widowed mother, and 
his sister, who would have been left alone, would doubt- 
less have joined the army. 

He was mustered into service as Assistant Surgeon at 
the organization of the Regiment or soon afterwards 
(Nov. 7, 1863,) and performed the duties of that office 
until July 19, 1865, when he tendered his resignation. 
He was held in high esteem by the members of the Regi- 
ment, both officers and soldiers. After the war Dr. Cam- 
eron continued the practice of medicine at Elizabethton. 
He gave much of his time to church, Sunday-school and 
educational interests. He died suddenly at his home 
December 28, 1897. 

Dr. Cameron was married to Miss Mary E. Tipton, 
February 8, 1855. He raised a family of four children, 
one son and three daughters. The son. William M. 
Cameron, lives at Los Angeles. Cal. ; two daughters, Mrs 
Jennie C. Johnson and Mrs. Joanna Bell Boring, reside at 
Elizabethton. Tenn.. and Mrs. Nola Frances Harden re- 
sides at Cranberrv, N. C. 


This officer, on recommendation of Gen. Carter, was 
appointed First Lieutenant and Regimental Quarter- 
master on the organization of the Regiment and mus- 
tered as such November Sth. 1863. He was later detailed 
as Acting Brigade Quartermaster, and filled that position 
until September, 1864, when he resigned. He was a 
competent officer and an agreeable gentleman. 


Lieut. Williams was commissioned First Lieutenant 
and Regimental Commissarv of Subsistence November 


8th, 1863; detailed as Acting Brigade C. S. until date of 
his resignation, September, 1864. He was a genial, com- 
petent and popular officer. We have been unable to ob- 
tain further information in regard to this officer but be- 
lieve he was a native East Tennesseean. 


This officer was a native of Johnson county, Tenn. He 
enlisted in Company E September 24th. 1863, was pro- 
moted to Hospital Steward and transferred to the Field 
and Staff same date, and upon the resignation of Dr. J, 
M. Cameron succeeded that officer as Assistant Surgeon, 
May 14, 1865, and resigned his commission July ist, 
1865. He returned to Johnson county and engaged in 
the practice of medicine, which he continued successfully 
until his death a few years ago. 


Samuel P. Angel was born at Elizabethton, Tenn., 
May 8, 1840. 

When Captain C. C. Wilcox began to recruit a com- 
pany, afterwards Company G, he was among the first to 
volunteer in that company. Entering the company as a 
private he was promoted to First Sergeant of the com- 
pany, Sergeant-Major of the Regiment, First Lieutenant 
of Company G, Adjutant of the Regiment and near the 
close of the war was promoted to Captain of Company L, 
but did not accept muster under the latter commission. 

Captain Angel served as Acting Commissary, both of 
the Regiment and Brigade, and was a prompt and efficient 
officer, always performing his duties to the entire satis- 
faction of his superior officers. 

After the close of the war he located at Knoxville. 


Tenn., where he has since resided. He and Colonel Stacy 
married sisters, Captain Angel's wife was Miss Julia 
Eliza Piper, daughter of Hon. William M. and Mrs. Lu- 
cinda Deal Piper, of Rogersville, Tenn. The Piper and 
Beal families were among the most prominent people of 
Hawkins county, and were loyal to the Federal Govern- 
ment, furnishing several brave men and officers to the 
Federal service. 

Captain Angel united with the First M. E. Church of 
Knoxville soon after locating there, and became an active 
member, devoting much of his time to the interests of the 
church and Sunday-school, representing his church in the 
first Lay Conference. In 1884 he was sent as a Lay 
Delegate from the Holston Conference to the General 
Conference of the M. E. Church, held at Philadelphia. 
He was honored by being chosen President of both the 
Knox county and the East Tennessee Sunday-school 

Captain Angel has also been prominent in Grand 
Army circles and has been honored with prominent offices 
in the Post and in the Department of Tennessee. 

Captain Angel still resides at Knoxville, Tenn., where 
he is a well-known and highly respected citizen, an ac- 
tive member of the First I\L E. Church and Commander 
of R. N. Hood Post, Department of Tennessee, G. A. R. 


Lieut. Wilson was born in the territory which is now 
Johnson county though at the time of his birth, January 
7, 1 8 19, it was a part of Carter county. After the forma- 
tion of Johnson county he was the first constable elected 
in it. He served as County Court Clerk of the county 
eight years and sherifif six years previous to the Civil 
War. He held the election of June, 1861, wdien the 
vote was taken on Separation or No Separation. Being 
a well-known citizen and property owner the notorious 


"Johnson County Home Guards," led by Capt. Parker, 
soon made it dangerous for him to remain at home. Af- 
ter witnessing the death of old Mr. Hawkins, who was 
shot down in cold blood because of his loyalty, he bade 
good-by to his home and made his way to the Federal 
lines. Before leaving his home, however, Mr. Wilson 
was engaged in the Carter county rebellion — was at the 
Taylor's Ford fight and shared with the brave men of 
Johnson and Carter counties in the dangers and persecu- 
tions of those times. He joined the Thirteenth Tennessee 
Cavalry at Nashville, Tenn. He was appointed First 
Lieutenant and Regimental Quartermaster and served 
with distinction through the East Tennessee campaigns. 
He had his horse shot from under him in the disastrous 
retreat from Bull's Gap. He was in the long and 
arduous campaign with Stoneman through Virginia, 
North and South Carolina and Georgia, and honorably 
mustered out with the Regiment at Knoxville, Tenn., 
September 5, 1865. 


This officer, to the best of our information, was a na- 
tive of Washington county, Tennessee. He succeeded 
Lieut. Joel H. Williams as R. C. S., and Acting Brigade 
Commissary of Subsistence and was with the command in 
the long raid through Virginia, North and South Caro- 
lina and Georgia. Upon the return of the Regiment to 
Tennessee he resigned his office, July 20, 1865. He was 
a man of intelligence, honor and the highest integrity, 
popular alike with officers and men. After the war he 
settled in Carter county, Tenn., purchasing a large body 
of land in the Third Civil District, where he died several 
years ago. 

Lieut. Nelson represented the First Senatorial District 
of Tennessee in the General Assembly of Tennessee, and 
was regarded as an able and honorable member. 



G. D. Roberts was born in Elizabethton, Tenn., Sep- 
tember i8th, 1842, and has spent the greater part of his 
life there. He had much the same experience as the 
young- men of his age, scouting from conscript officers, 
endeavoring to get to the Federal army in Kentucky, 
righting at Taylor's Ford, carrying messages and provi- 
sions to friends in the mountains and doing all sorts of 
service for the Union cause. 

He enlisted in Company G, September 24, 1863, and 
was promoted to Regimental Quartermaster-Sergeant 
September 26th, 1864, and served in that position to the 
date of muster-out of the Regiment, September 5, 1865. 
He was a. brave and faithful soldier, a genial friend and 
was well known and highly respected. 


Enlisted in Company F September 22, 1863, appointed 
First Sergeant of the Company January i, 1864; pro- 
moted to Sergeant-Major of the Regiment September 26, 
1864, and commissioned Second Lieutenant Company L 
August 21, 1865, but as the war had ended he was not 
mustered as Lieutenant. 

John P. Nelson is a native of North Carolina. He 
was a brave and competent officer, performing the duties 
assigned him to the entire satisfaction of his superior 
officers. He was genial and popular and among the best 
known of the non-commissioned officers of the Regiment. 
He now lives near his old home at Carlisle, N. C, where, 
we are pleased to learn, he has prospered and raised an 
interesting family. 




Lawson W. Fletcher was brought up in Carter county^ 
Tenn., and was loyal to the Union from the beginning, 
taking part in all the efforts of the Union people to pro- 
tect themselves and strike a blow for the Union cause. 
He assisted to recruit Company A, and was elected Cap- 
tain, but was captured before receiving muster. In his 
absence, supposing that he had been killed, Captain Wil- 
liams was mustered in his place. Captain Fletcher suc- 
ceeded in making his escape from prison and returned to 
the Regiment, then at Nashville, Tenn. Captain Wil- 
liams resigned, but before his resignation was accepted 
Captain Fletcher, who had undergone great hardships 
while in prison, took sick and died at Knoxville, Tenn., 
and his remains are resting in the beautful National 
cemetery near the monument erected by the loyal veterans 
of East Tennessee to their dead comrades. 

Captain Fletcher was a brother of Eli and Hon. An- 
drew J. Fletcher, the latter Secretary of State under 
Governor Brownlow's administration. 


Pleasant Williams w-as born and raised in Carter 
county and was among the most prominent Union men. 
He was commissioned and mustered as Captain of Com- 
pany A, November 7, 1863, and resigned April 30, 1864. 
He did not see any active service in the field. After the 
war he represented Carter county in the General Assembly 
of the State and was a minister of the Gospel for a num- 
ber of years. He died several years ago. 



Henry C. Pierce was born in Carter county, Tenn.^ 
June 10, 1824. He was an original and uncompromis- 
ing Union man and assisted the cause from the begin- 

He assisted in recruiting Company A, and was com- 
missioned First Lieutenant of that company and served 
faithfully until compelled to resign on account of ill 
health, March lo, 1865. 

Lieutenant Pierce now resides in Johnson county, his 
post office address being Fish Spring, Carter county, 
Tenn. He was a member of the county court of Carter 
county for 25 years, showing the esteem in which he is 
held by his friends. 


Joel N. Carriger was born in Carter county, Tenn. 
He took an active part in the Carter county rebellion, 
was in the Taylor's Ford fight, and ardently supported 
the Union cause from the beginning. He was elected 
Second Lieutenant of Company A on the organization of 
that company and owing to the sickness and absence on 
detached service of the higher officers he was virtually 
in command of the company the greater part of the time 
until he resigned January 13, 1865. 

Lieut. Carriger commanded his company in the cam- 
paigns in East Tennessee and in the Stoneman raid in 
Southwest Virginia in December, 1864. At the engage- 
ment at Lick Creek, September 22, 1864, Company A, 
commanded by Lieut. Carriger suffered the heaviest loss 
in killed, wounded and captured of any other companv. 
At Carter's Depot he was personally complimented for 
gallantry in action by Major Doughty, his battalion com- 
mander, and commended for bravery by Col. Stacy in the 
charge on Fort Breckenridge, December 20, 1864. He 
was one of the first men to enter the fort that night. 
Since the Avar he has resided in Carter countv most of 


the time, and has been engaged in manufacturing enter- 
prises and various speculations. He is now a resident of 
Hampton, Tenn. 


Lieut. Nave was born in Carter county, and was in the 
Carter county rebelHon in 1861. He went out with Com- 
pany A and was*elected First Sergeant of the company 
on its organization, and filled the responsible position 
well. He was in all the marches, raids, skirmishes and 
fights in which the Regiment was engaged and acquitted 
himself honorably on all occasions. He was promoted 
to First Lieutenant of his company March 10, 1865, aucl 
commanded the company on the long raid through Vir- 
ginia, North and South Carolina and Georgia, and in the 
fights at Witheville, Va., and Saulsbury, N. C. 

Since the war he has lived in Carter county, and has 
been engaged in farming and merchandising. He was 
recently appointed postmaster at Hampton, Carter 
county, Tenn. 


I. A. Taylor was born and brought up in Carter 
county, Tenn., and though many of his relatives and 
friends espoused the Southern cause he was true to the 
LTnion. He managed to get a passport and went through 
the lines to visit his sister in Missouri in 1862, and went 
from there to Illinois and joined the 1226. Illinois In- 
fantry. He was discharged from that regiment to accept 
a commission as First Lieutenant in the Thirteenth Ten- 
nessee Cavalry December 13th, 1864. and assigned to 
duty with Company L. He was promoted to Captain, 
March 12, 1865, for gallantry and meritorious conduct, 
rnd transferred to the Brigade staff as Acting Adjutant- 

Captain Taylor was an officer of the highest courage, 
never evading any duty or danger, but was always among 


the first to reach the danger hue when there was fighting 
to be done. He possessed fine social qualities and a high 
sense of honor that endeared him to all who knew him. 

Captain Taylor married in Carter county, Tenn., his 
wife being Miss Rogan before her marriage, and belong- 
ing to a prominent family. 

He moved to Kansas soon after the war, where he was 
engaged in many business enterprises and was a most suc- 
cessful business man and a leading citizen. His health be- 
gan to fail and he went to Philadelphia for treatment in 
1892. but failing to find relief he died in that city Nov. 
28. 1892. 

His widow and family reside in Hartford, Kansas. 


A. D. Frasier was born in Stony Creek, Carter county, 
Tenn., Dec. 17, 1835. In the elections of Feb. 9th and June 
8th, 1 86 1, he voted against the separation of the State of 
Tennessee from the Union. When the conscript act was 
passed he refused to accept a detail, or to either work or 
fight for the Confederate Government. He scouted in 
the Holston Mountain after the rebellion most of the 
time nearby his home, only going there at intervals to see 
his wife and child and procure a change of clothing. He 
w-as captured three dififerent times while a citizen, the 
first time he made his escape easily, but the rebels 
searched his house and took the gun he had used at Tay- 
lor's Ford. The next time at Nave's Foro;e. He was 
taken to his home under guard of three soldiers. His 
wife got breakfast for them and two of them sat down to 
the table to eat while the third sat in the door to guard it. 
Frasier's wife went out on the front porch and called to 
him, he passed out by the guard, jumped ofif the porch 
and ran around the corner of the house and towards the 
woods, the soldiers firing a number of shots at him, but 
he reached the woods and mountain in safety. 


When Gen. Burnside came into East Tennessee, Sep- 
tember, 1863, Dyer and Frasier with a number of recruits 
joined the Federal forces under Gen. S. P. Carter, at John- 
sons Depot, and went from there to Greenevihe, Tenn , 
the beginning place of the history of the Regiment. 

These men formed the nucleus of what was afterward 
Company B of the Thirteenth Cavalry. 

Not having enough men to muster a Captain, A. D. 
Frasier was mustered as Second Lieutenant of Company 
B, given a commission as recruiting officer he returned 
to Carter county a full-fledged United States recruiting 
officer. He continued this service, which was danger- 
ous in the extreme, until about the ist of March, 1865, 
leaving and rejoining the Regiment at various times un- 
der orders and bringing to the Thirteenth and other regi- 
ments 365 men, and meeting with many adventures, cap- 
tures and escapes which it would require too much space 
to give in detail. 

The following remarks are copied from Lieut. Fra- 
sier's muster-out roll : 

Was mustered as 2d Lieut., Co. B, 13th Tenn Cavalry, 
Oct. 28, 1863. Was captured by the enei.iy while in the 
discharge of his duty and reported to be killed, thus being 
dropped from the rolls of Company B. Returned, after 
having escaped from the enemy, March 10, 1864; was 
sent to Upper East Tennessee recruiting and remained 
absent on duty until March i, 1865. 

( Signed )S. P. Angel, Adjutant. 

(Signed) R. L. W^ilson, Lt. and R. Q. M. 

Mustered out in obedience to Par. 2, S. O. No. 49. 

Dept. of Tennessee dated Aug. 23d, 1865. 

Muster-out roll signed by Lieut. Henry C. Jones, Lt. 
U. S. Vols., Act'g Mustering Officer, Dept. of Tenn. 

Certificate of military history signed by 

Lieut.-Col. B. P. Stacy, 

Com'd'g Regt. 

After the war Lieut. Frasier returned to Carter county, 
Tenn., and settled down. He is still a useful and hon- 


ored citizen of the county, and we wish him and his ex- 
cellent wife, Mrs. Minerva Frasier, many years of happi- 
ness and contentnicnt in their pleasant home at Watauga 
Valley, Carter county, Tennessee. 


William D. Jenkins was a native of Carter county and 
took an active part in the Carter county rebellion. He 
was elected Captain of Company C upon the organization 
of that company and served until March 9, 1865. when he 
resigned and was succeeded by his brother, Lieutenant D. 
JJ. Jenkins. 

Captain Wul D. Jenkins was an honest conscientious 
officer, but was in ill health a great part of the time and 
unable for duty. He has been dead a number of years. 


Capt. David B. Jenkins was born on Stony Creek, 
Carter county, Tennessee, February i. 1828. His 
father died when he was a mere boy, and thus the re- 
sponsibility of assisting his widowed mother in raising 
a large family largely devolved upon him, and he per- 
formed this task with energy, as he was a faithful, hard 
working and dutiful boy. 

When the war between the States began, he cast his 
fortune with the Union cause, and in the early part of 
1 86 1, left Sullivan county and went to his native county, 
and from there started for the Union lines. He enlisted 
at Camp Nelson, Kentucky, in the 2nd Tennessee In- 
fantry, being the first man to volunteer in the Union 
Army from Carter county, Tennessee. He was Avith 
this regiment in all of its important battles, and in the 
pursuit and capture of Gen. John H. Morgan, and in all 
of the campaigns of this regiment, and remained with 


it until he was discharged to accept the position of First 
Lieutenant in Company C, 13th Tennessee Cavalry. 
Owing to the ill health of Capt. William Jenkins, the 
command of the company devolved upon Lieutenant 
Jenkins to a great extent. He commanded the company 
in the campaign in East Tennessee, the raid into South 
West Virginia, in the winter of 1864 and the raid, 
through North Carolina, Virginia and Georgia in 1865. 
On the resignation of Capt. William D. Jenkins he was 
promoted to Captain of Company C, March 9, 1865. 
Capt. Jenkins was a brave and intelligent officer, com- 
manding the highest esteem of the men under his com- 
mand, and the respect and confidence of his superior 

After he was mustered out of the service he returned 
to Carter county, Tennessee, where he married Evalyn 
Stover, daughter of Solomon Stover, October i ith, 
1869, and seven children were born to them, four of 
whom are living : James D. Jenkins, David Stover Jenk- 
ins, Mrs. J. T. Tilson and Wiley C. Jenkins, and all are 
highly respected citizens. 

He died at his home in Elizabeth, and was interred 
three and one-half miles east of Elizabethton, in the 
Stover grave yard. 


G. W. Emmert was born in Carter county, Tenn., Jan- 
uary 8th, 1829. He espoused the Union cause at the 
beginning, attended the meetings and assisted in all the 
plans of the Union people. He was arrested as a bridge 
burner but was released. Later he made up a company 
of 84 men and started through the Federal lines to join 
the Federal army in Kentucky. He and all his men ex- 
cept three were captured near Estelville, \^a., taken to 
Bristol and imprisoned, but he and 17 others made their 
escape. They scattered in different directions, Lieut. 
Emmert and others went into the mountains of the Crab 
Orchard and remained there until driven out by the In- 

(See page 244.) 

(See page 303.) 


On the 1st of June, 1863, he was sworn into the U. S. 
service as a recruiting officer, came back to the Crab 
Orchard and assisted in recruiting company C of the 
Thirteenth Tennessee Cavalry and went out with the 
kegiment in September to Strawberry Plains. He was 
appointed ist Sergt. of Co. C, and promoted to Second 
Lieutenant of the company September 14, 1864. He 
was in nearly all the important fights in which the Regi- 
ment was engaged. He was in the fight at Greeneville, 
Tenn., September 4, 1864, in which Gen. Morgan was 
killed, was severely wounded in the charge at Morris- 
town on the 28th of October, 1864. He was on the last 
Stoneman raid as far as Asheville, N. C, where he was 
left in charge of commissary stores. He was mustered 
out with the Regiment at Knoxville, Tenn., September 
5th, 1865. 

Since the war, Lieut. Emmert has served twelve years 
as Circuit Court Clerk of Carter county, and has repre- 
sented the county in the General Assembly of Tennessee 
one term. 

He is now engaged in farming and merchandising 
near Elizabethton, Tenn. 

(A boy soldier.) 

Henry Lineback, of Company C, was among the 
youngest if not the very youngest soldier in the Thir- 
teenth Tennessee Cavalry. He was in his fifteenth year 
when he enlisted and small to his age. When taken to 
the mustering officer he stood on a small box that made 
him look as tall as the other boys — the mustering officer 
not perceiving the deception, mustered him in. This 
was June 3, 1864, and from that day until the Regiment 
was mustered out of service Henry never flinched from 
any duty. He drilled, stood guard and did all other du- 
ties, carrying his carbine and sabre and w^as always 
among the first on the firing line and the last to leave it. 


He was in every skirmish and battle in which the Regi- 
ment was engaged, and went through the Stoneman 
raid into Virginia in the winter of 1864. 

He was also on the long raid through Virginia, North 
and South Carolina and Georgia in the spring of 1865, 
when the command was in pursuit of President Davis. 
In the fight at Witheville, Va., it fell to his lot to hold 
horses while the rest of the company fought, being a 
fourth man, but he exchanged places with a comrade 
and fought on the firing line. 

Henry Lineback belongs to a fighting family, having 
had two brothers and three uncles in the Federal army. 

He was born in Johnson county, Tennessee. After 
the war he engaged in the mercantile business at Crab 
Orchard, Tenn., after spending two years in the West. 
He lived in Mitchell county, N. C, twelve years and rep- 
resented that county in the legislature of the State. He 
came back to Crab Orchard, Tenn., and from there to 
Lineback, Carter county, Tenn., his present home. He 
married Miss Lottie Wilson, of Carter county. They 
have ten children living and one dead. "Henry," as he 
is known to everybody, has been "on the move" since 
boyhood and is a successful business man and has an 
elegant home and large farm situated on Elk Creek near 
the beautiful Watauga river, where he entertains his 
friends and comrades in royal style with the best the 
land affords. 


R. H. Luttrell, to the best of our information, was a 
native of Johnson county and was born in 1828. He was 
among the leading citizens of his county and took an 
active part in behalf of the Union cause. 

He assisted in recruiting Company D and was elected 
captain in the organization, and commissioned and mus- 
tered to date November 8th, 1863. 

He died of fever January 20, 1864, contracted, no 
doubt, on the march from Strawberry Plains. Though 


he did not live to see any active service in the field he 
had impressed himself upon the officers and men of the 
Regiment as a man of sterling worth and character and 
would have done honor to himself and the cause he had 
engaged in and sworn to serve. 


Captain Donnelly was born at Taylorsville, now Moun- 
tain City, Tenn., March 9th, 1838. He is the son of 
Richard and Rebecca Donnelly. The Donnelly's are a 
highly respected family of Johnson county, noted for 
integrity, energy and patriotism. Captain Donnelly at- 
tended school at Boone's Creek Seminary, and com- 
mencd the study of law under Judge R. R. Butler in 
1 86 1. His law course was interrupted by the out- 
break of the war, when he promptly took sides for the 
Union and was engaged in the Carter county rebellion 
and exposed to all the dangers and hardships common 
to the well known Union men of Carter and Johnson 

He enlisted as a private in Company D, was promoted 
to Sergeant-Major of the Regiment January i, 1864, to 
First Lieutenant of the company July i, 1864, and to 
Captain April 22, 1865. Captain Donnelly's frequent 
promotions are a sufficient comment upon his popularity 
as a man and his usefulness as an officer. 

He was with the Regiment in most of its campaigns 
and battles, and remained with it until its muster-out at 
Knoxville, Tenn., September 5, 1865. 

Upon his return to Mountain City in 1865, Captain 
Donnelly completed his law course and formed a part- 
nership with Hon. R. R. Butler in 1866, which con- 
tinued until the death of the latter in 1902. 

Capt. Donnelly has been honored with a number Df 
positions of trust and honor, having been appointed No- 
tary Public, Assistant Assessor of Internal Revenue, 


Deputy Collector of Internal Revenue, and Superintend- 
ent of Public Instruction for Johnson county. He is 
still an honored citizen of Mountain City, Tenn. 


Lieut. Arnold was born in Johnson county near Moun- 
tain City, January 21, 1833. He was a true and loyal 
Union man through all the vicissitudes of war. 

Lieut. Arnold was promoted to First Sergeant 01 
Company D and filled that ofifice well until promoted to 
First Lieutenant June 226., 1865. He was in all the 
campaigns of the Regiment except the first Stoneman 
raid into Virginia. After his promotion to First Lieu- 
tenant, his Captain, being then unable for duty, he com- 
manded the company in the last raid under Gen. Stone- 
man. He was a brave and valuable soldier and ofificer 
and was highly respected by all his comrades. 

Lieutenant Arnold has resided in his native county 
since the war, and has served as School Commissioner, 
mail contractor and postmaster; having served "Uncle 
Sam" as soldier, mail carrier and postmaster 26 years. 
He still lives at his old home and is an honored and re- 
spected citizen. 


Corporal Alex. Shoun was born in Johnson county,, 
Tenn., in 1843. He is descended from two old and high- 
ly respected families of that county, the Shoun's and the 
Wills's. He was raised on the farm; is now one of the 
most prominent and substantial of Johnson county farm- 
ers. His father died when he was an infant, and his 
mother, who was a widow, like all the Wills's was devoted 
to the Union. Alex, at that time scarcely arrived at the 
years of manhood, embraced the Union cause and was 


involved in all the diffculties and dangers of that period, 
and his mother was one of the noble v^omen who aided 
the Union cause by feeding and caring for the refugees. 
Like many others of these brave women she prepared 
food and with her own hands bore it to her friends and 
relatives who were in hiding; often in the darkness of 
the night or in the most inclement weather. For thii 
reason she was shamefully abused and mistreated by 
rebel soldiers, and her horses and property taken from 
her. After several ineffective attempts to reach the land 
of freedom where the starry banner floated, Corporal 
Shoun finally reached the Federal lines at Greeneville, 
Tennessee, and enlisted in Company D, 13th Tennessee 
Cavalry, Sept. 24, 1863, and thereafter became a part 
of the Regiment, sharing in its marches and battles to 
the end of the war. 

Corporal Shoun was one of the "Sharp Shooters" un- 
der Sergeant (later Lieutenant) Peter L. Barry. He 
participated with the sharpshooters in the charge on the 
artillery at Greeneville, Tenn., Sept. 4th 1864, and re- 
ceived a sabre cut in the charge at Morristown, Oct. 28, 
1864. He was captured in the memorable stampede 
from Bull's Gap, Tenn., on the night of Nov. 13th, 
1864, and was marched, on foot, to Jonesboro, where he 
was placed in the cars to be sent to prison at Richmond, 
Va. At Bristol he and his brother, C. A. Shoun, jumped 
from the train and made their escape amidst a shower 
of bullets that was sent after them. They made their 
way in the cold and snow over the Holston Mountains 
to their home in Johnson county and soon afterwards re- 
joined the Regiment. Corporal Shoun was a model sol- 
dier, brave, daring and intrepid, and always ready for 
duty. After his discharge from the army, Sept. 5, 1865, 
he returned to Johnson county. He married the daugh- 
ter of N. G. Robinson, a prominent Union man of that 
county, Nov. 28, 1870, and settled down on his farm 
where he has since resided. There was born to Mr. and 
Mrs. Shoun but one child, a daughter, now Mrs. M. E. 
Wilson, of Ivy Spring, Johnson county, Tenn. 


13TH T. V. C. 

Elisha Shoun was a mere youth of seventeen when the 
war came. He is a native of the County of Johnson, 
that sent out so many brave young soldiers to the Union 
army, but we can testify that among them all there were 
none braver or truer than young Shoun, who looked like 
a mere boy when he enlisted in Company D, September 
24th, 1863. He was appointed Sergeant and later made 
color bearer of his company. He resigned the office of 
Sergeant, preferring the position of a private. He was 
later appointed Corporal. He remained with the Regi- 
ment until its muster-out. 


J. H. Norris was a native of Johnson county, an active 
Union man and member of the Greeneville Union Con- 
vention. He was commissioned Captain of Company E 
September 24th, 1863. He served with his company 
until September 5th, 1864, when he was discharged for 

He was a good officer and a pleasant, agreeable gentle- 
man and had won many friends in the Regiment. 

We are not advised as to the date of Captain Norris's 
death, or anything concerning his history since the war. 


Thomas J. Barry was born in Johnson county, Tenn., 
November 22, 1835. He belonged to a large family, all 
of whom were patriotic Union people. He took an ac- 
tive part in the Carter county rebellion. He w^as mus- 
tered into service as First Lieutenant of Company E ai 
Strawberry Plains, Tenn., September 24, 1863; was de- 
tailed as acting R. O. M. and promoted to Captain of 


Company E, October 13, 1864, and continued with the 
Regiment until it was mustered out September 5, 1865. 

Captain Barry commanded his company in the cam- 
paigns in East Tennessee and on the Stoneman raid in 
Virginia in December, 1864. He was prevented from 
going on the last raid under Gen. Stoneman by ill 

Captain Barry was a valuable officer and was highly 
respected by the men and officers of the Regiment. 

After the war he married the daughter of Captain S. 
E, Northington, and has resided at Mountain City, his 
native town, since the war. 

Captain Barry has been honored by appointment and 
election with a number of offices, among which were 
Sheriff of his county. Register of Deeds, County Super- 
intendent of Public Instruction, Justice of the Peace, 
Chairman of the County Court and County Surveyor. 
He has been engaged in school teaching, milling and var- 
ious enterprises since the war, and has raised a family 
of ten children, the oldest 35, and the youngest 8 years 


Peter L. Barry was born and raised in Johnson coun- 
ty, Tenn. He was born January 11, 1843. He joined 
the Regiment at its organization and was appointed Ser- 
geant in Company E. In August, 1864, he was placed 
in command of a company of "Sharp-shooters," made 
up of select men from each company. This company 
was distinguished for daring and bravery and did ex- 
cellent service on all occasions. 

Sergeant Barry was promoted to Second Lieutenant 
for gallantry and meritorious serv'ce. He was in all 
the marches, skirmishes and battles in which the Regi- 
ment was engaged and remained in the service until its 
muster-on t. 

Since the war he has been a minister in the Christian 
church. He now resides at Keller's Cross-roads, Wash- 
ino-ton countv, Tenn. 



Captain Slimp belongs to a well known Johnson 
county family and was born in that county November 
2(i, 1824. He had arrived at manhood before the break- 
ing out of the Civil War and was well-known throughout 
the counties of Johnson and Carter. 

When the civil war came up he was among the first 
to take sides with the Union men and gave the cause 
his undivided support throughout the war. His exten- 
sive acquaintance gave him a large influence in his na- 
tive county and in the neighboring county of Carter. 
He was looked upon as a wise counsellor and took an 
active part in all the plans of the Union people and was 
one of the delegates from Johnson county to both the 
Knoxville and Greeneville Union conventions. Captain 
Slimp shared with the Union people all the dangers and 
hardships of the war period up to the date of the organi- 
zation of the Thirteenth Tennessee Cavalry. His promi- 
nence made him a special mark for the hatred of the 
Confederate authorities. His many adventures, like 
those of many other officers of the Regiment, would 
make an interesting story in itself. 

Captain Slimp joined the Regiment at its organization 
and was placed in command of Company F at Strawberry 
Plains, Tenn., September 22, 1863, though not yet mus- 
tered into the service. He was in command of the com- 
pany on the march to Camp Nelson, Ky., at which 
place he was mustered as Captain, January i, 1864. Ow- 
ing to continued ill health he resigned his commission in 
August, 1864. He was held in high esteem by the men 
and officers of the Regiment. His many acts of kindness 
in writing letters for the men who were sick or could not 
write, and his advice and counsel to the younger men 
will be remembered by many of the surviving comrades. 

Captain Slimp has resided in Johnson county since 
the war. He represented that county in the General 
Assembly of the State in 1869-70, and was joint repre- 
sentative from Johnson and Carter counties in 1 870-1. 


He was appointed circuit court clerk of Johnson county 
and served two years ; he was again elected to that office 
by the people and served four years. He and his estim- 
able wife are now residents of the flourishing little town 
of Butler. Their home is a pleasant cottage inn, where 
the travelers may find a pleasant host and hostess and 
.good entertainment. 


B. A. Miller is a brother of Col. John K. Miller and 
was born and raised in Carter county, Tenn. He was 
a Union man from the beginning and crossed the moun- 
tains and enlisted in the Second Tennessee Mounted In- 
fantry May 2d, 1862. He served with that regiment 
until it was captured at Rogersville May 6, 1862. He 
made his escape on that occasion and came to the Thir- 
teenth Tennessee Cavalry, then at Strawberry Plains, 
Tenn. He was promoted to First Lieutenant of Co. B, 
and transferred to Gen. Gillem's staff as Aid-de-Camp, 
in which capacity he received special mention in General 
Gillem's report for his gallantry. He was promoted 
to Captain of Co. F, March 13, 1865, serving in that po- 
sition until the Regiment was mustered out. He no\v^ 
resides at Elizabethtown, Tenn. 


Benjamin B. Ferguson was born in Carter county, 
Tenn. He was an uncompromising Union man, brave 
and fearless in proclaiming his love for the old flag. He 
had the distinction of having the first commission issued 
to an officer of the Thirteenth Tennessee Cavalry. He 
enlisted September 21, 1863, ^^^d was mustered October 
28th, 1863. 

Lieut. Ferguson was a good officer, always ready to 
perform every duty assigned him, and had the respect 
and confidence of his superior officers. He is now a resi- 
dent of Elizabethton, Tenn. 



Alfred C. Williams was a native of Stony Creek^ 
Carter county, Tenn., and was a true Union man. 

The Adjutant-General's report gives no record of his 
service except that he was 2d Lieut, of Company F. We 
have been unable to obtain further information from his 
friends or relatives. 

According to our recollection he was mustered into 
the service on the organization of the company Septem- 
ber 22, 1863, but we do not know the date of his resig- 
nation. We know that he served for a considerable time 
as an officer and that he performed his duties faithfully 
as far as his physical ability would permit. He was- 
frequently off of dutj on account of ill health. 

After the war he returned to Carter county where he 
lived a respected citizen until his death, which occurred 
at Elizabethton, Tenn., Aug. 28, 1900. 


Was born and raised in Elizabethton, Tenn. His 
father, John Scott, served in the Indian War under Gen. 
Jackson in 1813-14. When Gen. Burnside came into 
East Tennessee in September, 1863, he enlisted as a pri- 
vate soldier at the court house in Elizabethton under 
Capt. C. C. Wilcox; left home on foot and went to 
Greeneville by way of Cherokee in company with S. P. 
Angel and others. On the organization of the company 
(G) he was elected First Lieutenant. He was detailed 
as acting Adjutant of the Regiment April 12th, 1864, 
and promoted to Adjutant, September 24th, 1864. He 
was in all the campaigns and battles in which the Regi- 
ment was engaged in East Tennessee and the Stoneman 
raid into Southwest Virginia in December, 1864. Upon 
the promotion of Major C. C. Wilcox to Major of the 2d 
Battalion, Adjutant Scott was in line of promotion and 
was commissioned and mustered as Captain of Com- 


pany G to date, March loth, 1865. All the active ser- 
vice in the field performed by this officer was as acting 
Adjutant and Adjutant of the Regiment. He was hon- 
orably discharged with the Regiment September 5th,^ 
1865, at Knoxville, Tenn. 

Captain Scott was married to Miss Mary Cordelia, eld- 
est daughter of Hon. A. J. Fletcher, who was then Secre- 
tary of State of Tennessee, December 19, 1865. He en- 
gaged in the mercantile business in Elizabethton for a 
short time, removed to Gibson county, Ind., in January, 
1867, where he remained until May 21, 1895, when he 
returned to Carter county, Tenn. 

He is a Past Master in Masonry and has served as 
W. M. of that order. Is a member of the Grand Army 
of the Republic and served as Commander of Wasson 
Post, No. 64, Owensville, Ind., and P. P. C. Nelson Post, 
No. 37, Elizabethton, Tenn. 

Captain Scott was elected Historian of the 13th Ten- 
nessee Cavalry by the "Thirteenth Tennessee Cavalry 
Association" at Butler, Tenn., in October, 1896. Ill 
health prevented him from engaging in this work until 
November, 1901, when in collaboration with Comrade 
S. P. Angel, of Knoxville, Tenn., between whom and 
himself the closest ties of friendship and comradeship 
have existed from early boyhood, the work was begun. 
If, when completed and placed in the hands of his com- 
rades, it should meet their approbation he will consider, 
that though he has met many reverses in the battle of 
life, he has not lived in vain. 


Thomas C. White was one of Carter county's most 
loyal citizens, and performed his duty well both as a 
citizen and an officer. He was commissioned Second 
Lieutenant of Co. G, October 28, 1863, and promoted to 
First Lieutenant March 12, 1865. He was with his com- 
pany on every march and in every skirmish and battle in 


which it was engaged; and commanded the company on 
^■he long raid in pursuit of Jefferson Davis. He was a 
brave soldier and a clever citizen. He was elected 
trustee (or Treasurer) of his county after the war. He 
has been dead for a number of vears. 


Lieut. Wilcox was born in Carter county, Tenn., in 
1845, ^^^^ ^'•^s spent most of his life there. He is the eldest 
son of the later Major C. C. Wilcox. 

Though a very young man he took an active pait in 
the Carter county rebellion and was arrested and impris- 
oned for his activity in the Union cause. He enlisted in 
Company G, Thirteenth Tennessee Cavalry, September 
24, 1863; was appointed Sergeant October 28, 1863, and 
promoted to Second Lieutenant March 13th, 1865. He 
was in every march, battle and campaign in which the 
company or Regiment was engaged as far as we can re- 
call. He acted a conspicuous part in the killing of Gen. 
Morgan at Greeneville, Tenn., Sept. 4, 1864. 

He w^as detailed as Acting Aid-de-Camp on Col. Mil- 
ler's staff on the last Stoneman raid. He was a brave, 
active and intelligent young officer, always able for dury 
and willing to do his duty in the face of any danger. 

He returned to Elizabethton, Tenn., and was married 
to Miss Margaret P. Barker of that place January lu, 
1866. Three sons and three daughters were bom to 
them, viz : Charles R., Frank N. and Roy B. ; the daugh- 
ters were Mary Lydia, Sarah Folsom and Mamie Lynn, 
all of whom are living except the oldest daughter, Mary 
Lydia, who died May i, 1889. 

Lieut. Wilcox and his wife have successfully con- 
ducted the popular hotel known as the "Wilcox House" 
at Elizabethton, Tenn., for many years. 



John G. Burchfield was born near Clark's Spring, Car- 
ter county, Tenn., May 5, 1846, hence he was but 15 
years old when he assisted in burning the Union bri-^lge 
in November, 1861, and 17 when he joined the arn.y 
in 1863. 

Though a boy in years he was a man in all thru it 
takes to make a brave soldier, and whether we find him 
riding through the darkness side by side with the brave 
men who burned the bridge, standing his ground with 
the bra^'-'est at Taylor's Ford or marching and fighting 
with his company at Greeneville at the death of Gen. 
Morgan, in the charges at Morristown and Fort Brec':- 
enridge and Saulsbury, and in all the marches and bat- 
tles in which his Regiment was engaged he is the same 
brave and fearless boy. 

Corporal Burchfield has had a varied experience since 
the Civil War. He first went west and located at Athens, 
111., in January, 1866, and later removed to Illiopolis, 
thence to Niantic, and then to Springfield, 111. At the 
latter place he was married to Miss Margaret Baum- 
gardner, December 10, 1868, and settled at Niantic, 111. 
He removed to Kansas in 1886 and thence to Washing- 
ton, D. C, in December, 1890, where he resided until 
recently, 1902. 

While in Washington he was appointed on the Capi- 
tol Police force until relieved by change of administra- 
tion, but was re-instated in 1899. 

We are pleased to note that our friend has received an 
honorable and lucrative position in the Mountain Branch 
of the National Soldiers' Home for Disabled Veterans 
at Johnson City, Tenn. 

Sergeant Pearce was born at Elizabethton, Tenn , 
September 17, 1846, and enlisted in the Thirteenth Ten- 
nessee Cavalry when he was but 17 years old. "Jimmy," 


as he was known, was a model young soldier and was 
soon promoted to Sergeant, a responsible non-commis- 
sioned, office. He discharged his duties with courage 
and fidelity. His youth and amiable disposition made 
him a general favorite in the company. 

He was with the Regiment in all its marches, 
skirmishes and battles, facing the hardships and danglers 
as heroically as the older men. 

After the war he studied medicine under Dr. Michael 
Carriger at Morristown, Tenn., for two years. In 1869 
he entered into partnership with Dr. C. P. Moses and 
engaged in the practice of medicine in Union county, 
Tennessee, for two years. He then moved to Pleasant, 
in Claibourne county, Tenn., where he continued the 
practice of medicine until 1877. In that year he removed 
to Tate Springs, Tenn., and attended medical lectures at 
Nashville, Tenn., in the medical department of Vander- 
bilt University. He has been practicing medicine at Tate 
Springs, Tenn., since his return from the University and 
is still enjoying a lucrative practice. He is now (1902) 
in his fifty-fifth year and is among the youngest living 
€x-Federal soldiers. 

We wish to note here that Columbus P. Pearce, a 
younger brother of "Jimmie," came to us at Bull's Gap, 
Tenn., and served with Company G, (then scarcely 15 
years old) and w^ent through the Stoneman raid into 
Virginia in December, 1864, and made a brave little 
soldier, though too young to muster in. 


The cut of a cavalryman on the front cover is made 
from a photograph of a corporal in Company G, taken at 
Nashville, Tenn., just before the Regiment started for East 
Tennessee. The soldier was in every respect a fair repre- 
sentative of the brave men who won for the "Thirteenth'' 
an honorable place among the loyal regiments of East 
Tennessee. He was in the charge into Greeneville on tie 


morning of September 4th, 1864, and in every march, 
skirmish and battle in which his company was engai;e'l 
He is still living, an honored and respected citizen of 
Carter county (not far from the line), and the "latch 
string hangs on the outside" to his many friends and es- 
pecially to every comrade of the Thirteenth. 


Landon Carter was one among the most active support- 
ers of the Union cause in Carter county. He was at the 
turning of the Union bridge and was so conspicuous as to 
be easily recognized by Jenkins. He was Captain of 
what was known as the Turkey Town Company in the 
Carter county rebellion. After the rebellion he was '; 
marked man by the Confederate authorities and every 
effort was made to capture him. After many adventures 
he reached the Federal lines and enlisted in Company B, 
Fourth Tennessee Infantry, Dec. 7, 1862. He served in 
that regiment until February 27, 1864, when he was dis- 
charged to accept commission as Captain, Company H.. 
Thirteenth Tennessee Cavalry. He was in most of the 
engagements and service in which the Regiment was en- 
gaged. In the fight ai Greeneville, when Gen. Morgan 
was killed, Capt. Carter's mule that he was riding at the 
time was shot. He was mustered out with the Regiment 
at Knoxville, Tenn., September 5, 1865. 

Captain Carter was a brave man and an efficient officer 
and possessed a bright, genial disposition. He died at 
his home near Elizabethton in 1896. 


Lieutenant Miller was born near Elizabethton, Tenn.. 
Feb. 3, 1838, and was raised in Carter county, Tenn. He 
was a brother of Col. John K. and Captain B. A. Miller. 
He took an active part with the Union men of his county 
in resisting the Confederate authorities, and giving aid to 
the Union cause. 


He joined the Thirteenth Tennessee Cavah-y at its or- 
ganization and was commissioned First Lieutenant of 
Company H, October 28, 1863. He served with the com- 
pany until assigned to post duty at Gahatin, Tenn., where 
he remained several months. He rejoined his company 
and did duty with it until compelled to resign on account 
of failing health. 

After the war Lieut. Miller married the oldest daugh- 
ter of Dr. Abram Jobe and settled in Elizabethton, Tenn. 
He was a highly respected citizen and held several offices 
m the county. 

Though quiet and unpretentious he \vris a good soldier 
and officer and performed his duties to the entire satisfac- 
tion of his superior officers. He gained the respect and 
good will of his men and of the officers of the Regiment. 
He died at his home in Eizabethton, Tenn.^ January 26, 
1900. Lieut. Miller had a genial disposition and was a 
true and honorable comrade and friend, a good soldier 
and a good citizen. His widow, two sons and two daugh- 
ters reside at Elizabethton, Tenn. 


Lieut. Freels is a native of Anderson county, Tenn., 
and is still an honored and respected citizen of that 

He joined the Thirteenth Tennessee Cavalry at Camp 
Nelson, Ky., being a part of the detachment brought to 
the Regiment by Major G. W. Doughty. He was as- 
signed to duty as First Lieutenant of Company H, and 
commanded that company a large portion of the time 
owing to Captain Carter being absent, sick, or unable for 

Lieut. Freels was among the youngest commissioned 
officers in the Regiment, being only 22 years old. He 
was a brave and competent young officer and was highly 
respected, both by the men and officers of the Regiment. 

^^^ith Captain Doughty's men recruited for the 17th 


(See page 305.) 

(See page 303.) 


Tennessee Cavalry Lieutenant Freels assisted Captain 
Doughty and Lieut. Walker in supplying subsistence tJ 
Gen. Burnside's army during the siege of Knoxville, for 
which they received commendation from Gen. Burnside. 
After joining the Thirteenth Tennessee Cavalry he fol- 
lowed its fortunes to the end of the war, engaging in all 
its raids, marches, skirmishes and battles with credit to 
himself and honor to the service. 

After the war Lieut. Freels engaged in business at 
Elizabethton, Tenn., for a time. While there he made a 
large number of friends, by whom he is still kindly re- 
membered. His present home is near Scarboro, Ander- 
son county, Tennessee. 


Caleb M. Emmert is a native of Carter county, Tenn., 
where he was born January 9, 1840. He took an active 
part in the Carter county rebellion, was arrested, but 
made his escape as noted elsewhere. He enlisted in Com- 
pany H, on the organization of the company September 
24, 1863, ^"d was appointed First Sergeant October 20, 
1863, and promoted to Second Lieutenant June 22, 1865. 
He remained in the service until the muster-out of the 
Regiment, September 5, 1865. 

Lieutenant Emmert was a loyal man and a good soldier, 
and was highly esteemed by both officers and men. After 
the war he studied medicine under Dr. James M. Cameron 
and has been a successful practitioner. He resides at 
Elizabethton, Carter countv, Tenn. 


John J. McCorkle was born in Sullivan county, Tenn., 
January 4, 1846. His parents moved to Carter county in 
1851. It will be seen from the date of his birth that at 
the beginning of the Civil \Var he was but little past 15 


years of age, yet he took an active part in the Carter 
county rebelhon. He and Jordan Croy and Harrison 
Hendrix were the scouts that were sent out from Taylor's 
Ford to locate Capt. McClellan's company of rebels, and 
found their pickets at the little brick church two miles 
from Carter's Depot and drove them in. He was in the 
Taylor's Ford fight and w^as with the army of the little 
rebellion throughout its brief campaign. He enlisted in 
Company H, Thirteenth Tennessee Cavalry September 
21, 1863, ^^^^^ though not yet i8 years old was appointed 
Quartermaster- Sergeant of his company. He was with 
the Regiment in all its marches and battles until January 
21, 1865, when a few days past 19 years old he was pro- 
moted to 2d Lieut. Co. I, ist U. S. C. T, through the 
recommendation of Gen. A. C. Gillem, then in command 
of the Department of Tennessee, Army of the Cumber- 
land, for gallantry and meritorious conduct while on the 
Stoneman raid into Southwest Virginia in December, 
1864, and later breveted Captain of same company for his 
energy and faithfulness in the discharge of his duties as 
an officer. Captain McCorkle remained in the service 
until April 6, 1866, when he was honorably discharged. 
Upon his retirement from the army his fellow-ofiicers of 
his Regiment presented him with an unsolicited endorse- 
ment of his fidelity and integrity as a soldier and officer. 

Captain McCorkle returned to Carter county, where he 
engaged in farming and stock raising, in which he ha^ 
made a decided success, being now one of the wealthiest 
land-owners and tax-payers in the county, and is regarded 
as a safe and able financier. For his honesty, ability and 
energy he has been elected to almost every civil office in 
the county, having served as Trustee three terms, Chair- 
man, or Judge of the County Court six years, and four 
years in the General Assembly of the State. 

The Captain lives at his "Border View Farm." two 
miles north of Elizabethton, Tenn., still taking an active 
interest in religion, politics and agriculture, and bids fair 
to have before him many years of usefulness and enjoy- 





S. E. Northington was the proprietor of a hotel at 
Taylorsville, now Mountain City, when the war came. He 
and his two sons were all intensely loyal and their Union 
sentiments soon made them objects of hatred to the Con- 
federate authorities and it soon became necessary for 
them "to cross the mountains" or fare worse. The father 
and two sons, Hector C. and C. E. P>. Northington made 
their way to Kentucky and joined the 4th Tenn. Infantry 
in 1862. Samuel E. and Hector C. were discharged 
from that regiment to accept commissions as Captain and 
First Lieutenant, respectively, of Co. T, Thirteenth Ten- 
nessee Cavalry April 13th. 1864. 

From that time until the Regiment was mustered out 
these two officers were in all the conflicts and campaigns 
in which the Regiment was engaged and were held in the 
highest esteem both as 1)ra\e officers and as genial and 
worthy comrades and friends. They were in the charge 
into Greeneville, Tenn., on the morning of Sept. 4, 1864. 

Lieut. H. C. Northington is an honored citizen of Den- 
ver, Colorado. 

Captain S. E. Northington was born in Wake county, 
N. C, and came to Johnson county, Tenn., before the war. 
He died in Emporia, Kansas, May 20, 1884. 


Eli W. jMulican was born near Clemmonsville, David- 
son county, N. C, September 15, 1840. At the outbreak 
of the Civil War he took strong grounds for the Union. 
When his native State passed the Conscript Act, he, in 
company with John P. Nelson, left his home on the 3d 
day of July, 1862, and made his way to Johnson county, 
Tennessee, where he remained for six months. He was 


arrested by Col. G. N. Folk's Confederate Cavalry and 
taken to Boone, N. C, and put in jail. He remained in 
jail six days and then made his escape in company with 
John P. Nelson and David King, the latter from Ashe 
county, N. C. They left Boone at midnight and walked 
22 miles and reached Johnson county, Tenn., at daylight. 

In July, 1863, Captain Lafayette Jones and Mulican 
raised a company of lOO men in Johnson and Carter 
counties, Tenn., for the Federal army. The company 
was organized by electing Lafayette Jones Captain, E. W. 
Mulican First Lieutenant and John P. Nelson Second 

On July 2T^ they started to Kentucky under the well- 
known pi'ot, Daniel Ellis. The rebels finding their trail 
headed them off near Johnson's Depot, Tenn., and the 
company was compelled to turn back. Captain Jones was 
captured soon afterwards. 

When the Federal troops arrived at Johnson's Depot, 
now Johnson City, Mulican joined them, taking into the 
army 52 men. for which he received no credit or promo- 
tion but many promises which were never fulfilled. He 
joined the Thirteenth Tennessee Cavalry September 22, 
1863; was appointed Company Clerk of Company F at 
Nashville, Tenn., and Brigade Clerk at Gallatin, Tenn. 
He was appointed Regimental Ordinance Sergeant by 
Col. W. H. Ingerton and later, transferred to Company 
I as First Sergeant of that company, which position he 
held until the Regiment was mustered out at Knoxville, 
Tenn., September 5. 1865. 

We will add a few words to this sketch, which Ser- 
geant Mulican, being somewhat modest, may skip. 
Though only a non-commissioned officer we believe there 
were few men better known or more popular in the Regi- 
ment than Sergeant Eli W. Mulican. He was a brave 
soldier, always ready to do his whole duty whether in 
camp, on the march, or in front of the enemy. He was 
and is genial and companionable, and has won hosts 
of friends both in the army and in civil life. Since the 
war he has devoted much of his time to the ministry, 
being a minister in good standing in the Christian church. 



This officer came to the Regiment with Company K, 
and was part of Major G. W. Doughty's detachment that 
joined the Regiment at Camp Nelson, Ky. lie was 
mustered into service December 31, 1864, and remained 
with the Regiment until it was mustered out. 

Captain Dervin was a native of Massachusetts. He was 
22 years of age and was a bright, intelligent and agreeable 
officer and comrade, and had many friends in the Regi- 
ment. After the close of the war he returned to thi 
East and we have learned nothing of his history since 
that time. 


Lieut. Walker joined the Regiment at Camp Nelson, 
Kentucky, in December, 1863, having previously done 
valuable service under Captain G. W. Doughty during 
the siege of Knoxville, mention of which is made in the 
history of Captain Doughty's detachment. As First 
Lieutenant of Company K he was frequently in com- 
mand of that company, and was a brave and active officer, 
always ready to perform every duty assigned him. 

He took part in every march, skirmish and battle in 
which the Regiment was engaged. He was in the fights 
at Greeneville. Lick Creek, Carter's Depot, Tenn. ; Salt- 
ville, Witheville and Marion Va., and Saulsbury, N. C. 
He was mustered out at Knoxville, Tenn., Sept. 5. 1865. 

Lieut. Walker was not only a good officer but a most 
genial comrade and friend, liked by his men and popular 
with the officers of the Regiment. 

He has resided in Washington county, Tenn., since the 
war, and is still living, a prosperous and highly respected 

Lieutenant Hyder belonged to an old and highly re- 
spected Carter county family. He was born in that county 


January 20th, 1824, and died at the place of his birth 
March 22, 1892. 

He was an original and uncompromising Union man, 
a Lieutenant in the Carter county rebellion and a bridge 

Lieut. Hyder went out with the Thirteenth Tennessee 
Cavalry and was sent back from Strawberry Plains to 
recruit men for the Regiment. He sent in a number of 
men and was elected Lieutenant in Company H. He had 
recruited about 50 men in Carter county and had them 
concealed in the gorge of Gap Creek mountain, awaiti ig 
the opportunity to start through the lines w'ith them when 
they were betrayed and were attacked by the rebels, one 
of them killed, twenty-two captured and the remainder 
scattered. He commenced recruiting again, but Long- 
street's army being in East Tennessee and the country full 
of rebel soldiers he found it impossible to get back to the 
Regiment and w as compelled to hide m the mountains all 
winter. He went through the lines in March, 1864, with 
20 recruits and rejoined the Regiment at Nashville, Tenn. 
He found that in his absence another man had been 
mustered in his place. He was then appointed Brigade 
Ambulance-Master. Later he was commissioned Second 
Lieutenant to date back to October 31, 1863, and assigned 
to duty with Company K. He did duty with that com- 
pany on the march from Gallatin and in the campaigns in 
East Tennessee and the Stoneman raid into Southwest 
Virginia in December, 1864. He was in the fights at 
Greeneville, Carter's Depot, Morristown, Saltville and 
Marion and all the marches and skirmishes up to March 
20th, 1865, at which time he tendered his resignation, on 
account of an injury received while in the service. His 
resignation was not accepted and he was mustered out 
with the Regiment. 

Dr. Nat. E. Hyder now (1902) Chairman of the 
County Court of Carter county, though a mere boy at the 
time, was with his father, Lieut. Hyder. in the army for 
more than a year. He was with the Regiment at Nash- 
ville and Gallatin and in the campaign in East Tennessee. 


but was too young to be mustered into service. He re- 
sides at the old Hyder homestead on (lap Creek, 5 miles 
south of Elizabethton, Tcnn. 


This officer was a brother of the noted scout and pilot, 
Captain Dan, Ellis, and was born and raised in Carter 
county, Tenn. Like his brother, he was intensely loyal 
to his country and ready to meet any danger rather than 
make any concessions to an enemy. 

Captain l^llis had moved his family to Greene county, 
Tennessee, just previous to the war and hence he was not 
connected with our history until he was commissioned 
Captain of Company L, April 11, 1865. He was with 
the Regiment in its campaign in East Tennessee and 
Southwest Virginia, aiT'l was a brave and efficient officer, 
always ready to do his whole duty. Having a family 
consisting of a wife and several small children, when he 
joined the army he moved them into Greeneville, where 
they occupied the home of Governor Andrew Johnson, 
whose family had been sent through the lines. His wife, 
Mrs. Ann M. Ellis, sister of Adjutant S. P. and Private 
Jas. R. Angel of the Regiment, died at the Johnson home 
in June, 1865. His young childen needing his care, and 
the war being ended he resigned his commission in the 
army July 15th. 1865, ^^^^^ ^'^'^'^ dscharged by special order 
of the War Department. 

Capt. Ellis moved to \\'ashington Territory — now 
State, soon after the war. where he died a number of 
years ago, having remarried before his death. His widow, 
Mrs. Bettie Ellis, and sons, Nat. T.. Samuel A. and W. R. 
Ellis, now reside at Colfax, Washington. 


Gilson O. Collins is a Carter county man, and remained 
steadfast to the Union cause through many dangers and 
difficulties. Being a man of decided opinions and with 


courage to assert and maintain them, he early lost favor 
with the Confederate authorities. After assisting to burn 
the bridge at Union, or Zollicoffer, as detailed elsewhere, 
and engaging in the Carter county rebellion he fled to 
Kentucky and joined the 2d Tennessee Mounted In- 
fantry and served with that regiment until its capture, 
Nov. 6, 1863. Collins, at that time a private soldier ab- 
sented himself from his command on account of striking 
a Federal officer for making disparaging remarks about 
Tennesseeans, and though his absence was known and ap- 
proved by Col. Carter he was marked on his company 
rolls as a deserter. Since the war the facts were made 
known and he received an honorable discharge from th-? 
2d Tennessee Infantry as well as from tlie Thirteenth 
Tennessee Cavalry. 

Captain Collins was commissioned as Captain March 
22d, 1865, and assigned to duty with Company M. He 
was in command of his company in the last Stoneman 
raid in pursuit of President Davis. 

Captain Collins is still living near Valley Forge, Carter 
count V. Tenn. 


This officer is a native of Carter county, Tenn., and 
one of that county's most active and daring Union men 
Though quite a young man when the war began he took 
a very active part in the affairs of the Union men, as did 
his brother, John Fondren, of whom it was said, "He was 
one of the coolest and bravest men at the burning of the 
Zollicoffer bridge." 

Lieut. Fondren was in the Carter county rebellion, and 
we cannot better relate his service than by quoting- from 
a personal letter received from him in answer to a letV^r 
of inquiry. The letter is dated at Harriman, Tenn., Oc- 
tober 24, 1902, and we quote as follows : "I was in the 
organization at Elizabethton, Tenn., (Carter county re- 
bellion), in line with the long rifles and single-barreled 
pistols and cavalry armed with pitchforks, at the fight at 


Taylor's Ford, retreat to Hyders old field in the Doe 
River Cove, was in line near Douglas' with Dan 
Ellis, J. I. R. Boyd, Brownlow Fair and others when 
the pickets were fired on and where we were overpowered 
and had to disband. Scouted my way to Cumberland 
Gap, reaching there August 6, 1862. I was sent back 
into East Tennessee by Gen. S. P. Carter to recruit and 
organize men for the U. S. Army, which I did until I ac- 
cepted a commission as Second Lieutenant Company M, 
Thirteenth Tennessee Cavalry, April 19, 1864. During 
my 18 months' recruiting service from Watauga county, 
N. C, through the Confedracy, very often to Lexington, 
Ky., and as far west in East Tennessee as the Cumber- 
land Gapj sometimes the route would be infested by rebel 
soldiers as far across the mountains as Lexington, Ky. 
We scouted through, very often skirmishing with them 
with our long rifles and single-barreled pistols the greater 
part of the way." 

After joining the Regiment in April. 1864. Lieut. Fon- 
dren was on duty with his Company (M) throughout the 
campaigns in East Tennessee and its raids into Virginia, 
North and South Carolina and Georgia. He was a quiet, 
unassuming, but a brave and efficient officer who had the 
respect and confidence of his men and that of the men and 
officers of the Reeiment. 

The following is a list of officers, most of whom re- 
signed or were discharged before the Regiment was mus- 
tered out. 

We have beci unable to obtain any reliable informa- 
tion in regard to theiTi and can only give their mihtary 
history as it appears in the report of the Adjutant-Gen- 

John M. Honeyciit. ist Lieut. Co. B. ; enlisted. Sept. 23, '63; mustered 
in, Nov. 8, '63 ; resigned. 

William B. Honeycut. ist Lieut. Co. B. ; enlisted. Sept. 23, '63; mus- 
tered in. Nov. 8, '63 ; resigned, July 12, '64. 

General H. Franklin, ist Lieut. Co. C. ; enlisted, July i, '63; mustered 
in, July I, '63. 

John L. Hyder, 2d Lieut. Co. C. 


William W. Wilkinson, 2d Lieut. Co. D. ; enlisted, Nov. 8, '63; mus- 
tered in, Nov. 8, '63 ; resigned, Mar. 16, '65. 

John G. Johnson, 2d Lieut. Co. E. ; enlisted, Sept. 24, '63 ; mustered 
in, Nov. 8, '63; dismissed, Sept. 14, '64. 

Jacob Taylor, 2d Lieut. Co. F. ; enlisted, June 22, '65 ; mustered in, 
July 4, '65. 

William Arrendell, 2d Lieut. Co. L; enlisted, April 13, '64; mustered 
in, April 13, '64. 

W. T. L. Hyder, 2d Lieut. Co. K. ; enlisted Oct. 31, "63; mustered in, 
Oct. 31, '63 ; resigned. 

William M. McQueen, ist. Lieut. Co. L. ; enlisted, June 22, '65; mus- 
tered in, June 22, '65. 

Henry H. Haymer, ist Lieut. Co. L. ; enlisted, April 11, '64; mustered 
in, April 11, '64; resigned (date unknown). 

Geo. W. Luttrell, ist Lieut. Co. M. ; discharged by order of Secretary 
of W^ar. 

In closing this chapter we would make the observation 
that whatever credit is due the officers and men of the 
Thirteenth Tennessee Cavalry for the service they per- 
formed for the Union cause, both as citizens and soldiers, 
eitlier as individuals or as an organization, is due wholly 
to their own merits as soldiers and citizens. Both officers 
and men came from the fields, the forges, the workshops 
and the desks. They were farmers, mechanics, teachers, 
clerks and laborers. There were no paid staff officers to 
give them fictitious fame. None of them had influential 
friends or relatives "near the throne," or those who had 
had place or power in high civil or military offices from 
whom they could receive the reflections of greatness. They 
were not ambitious men fighting for honor and glory, 
but common citizens fightino- for their homes and country 
— fighting over again the battles their fathers had al- 
ready won — -the rights of freemen and the privileges of 
a sovereign people. 

The heroic deeds performed by these men if told sepa- 
rately would fill volumes ; we give a few instances of what 
Ave conceive to be the highest type of heroic action, not 
to laud a iew names above the others, but as examples of 
what we believe a large majority of the Regiment w^ere 
capable of, and most of them did acts equally brave. 

The instances we give were not all the acts of brave 
East Tennesseeans. but we divide the honors with two 
other brave and noble men who first saw the light of day 


in other states, but cast their fortunes with us, the one to 
lead the Regiment gallantly until cut down by an assas- 
sin's bullet, and the other to take his place, and with equal 
gallantry, lead them to the end. We select the following : 

At Carter's Depot the Regiment made a charge through 
a corn-field, and one company, receiving a heavy enfilad- 
ing fire unexpectedly, fell back in some confusion. Col. 
Miller who was watching the fight rode forward (he was 
brigade commander) and said: "Lieutenant, reform your 
men and follow me, there is no better place to die than 
on the soil of our native county ; no enemy shall remain 
here while I'm alive." The charge was made and one 
buliet grazed the Colonel's neck while another wounded 
his horse, hut the enemy was dislodged. 

At Greeneville, Tenn., on the morning of September 
4th, as we have related elsewhere, Col. W. H. Ingerton 
had taken a position near the town, unaware of the close 
proximity of an enemy, except Vauglm's Brigade west of 
him, and which he was prepared to fight, just then a 
Union citizen rushed up to him and told him, "Gen. Mor- 
gan with 5000 men is encamped on College Hill, for 
God's sake get away from here or the last one of you w'ill 
be killed or captured !" The man went on to say that 
Morgan and his staff were at the residence of Mrs. Wil- 
liams, a short distance away from his men. Col. Ingerton 
did not take time to think of retreating, but grasped the 
situation in a moment, and sent Ca]itains Wilcox and 
Northington into town to capture ]^Iorgan, and at once 
reversed the position of his Regiment to meet and fight 
Morgan's whole force until the remainder of the Brigade 
could come up, which, owing to the tardy movements of 
Gen. Duke, the}^ did before he was attacked by that officer. 
We have always regarded Col. Ingerton's courage and 
prompt action on that occasion as worthy to be recorded 
a? among tiie bravest of deeds. 

The heroism of Wilcox and Northington and their men 
in riding into Greeneville, driving away Morgan's guards, 
taking possession of his artillery for a time, and capturing 
a number of prisoners in the very midst of his army, were 


deeds worthy to be immortalized by a future Tennyson 
and placed alongside the "Charge of the Light Brigade." 

Again at Morristown on the morning of October 28, 
1864, the enemy was drawn up in line of battle on an 
eminence, extending across the open, a distance of about 
800 yards. Gen. Gillem rode up and said to Col. Inger- 
ton : "Colonel, can you break that first line with a sabre 
charge?" Col. Ingerton replied, "I can try." We give 
the result of that sabre charge in the body of this history 
as Gen. Gillem told it in his official report. 

At Saltville, Virginia, in December, 1864, the Thir- 
teenth Tennessee Cavalry, commanded b}^ Leut.-Col. B. 
P. Stacy, was ordered at night to take the Regiment and 
go to the Saltworks and burn and destroy everything he 
could, and make all the noise possible. The Regiment 
started with Col. Stacy at the head of the column, and had 
not proceeded far when the guns of Fort Breckenridge 
turned loose. Discovering a picket or vidette some dis- 
tance ahead Col. Stacy dashed onto him before he had 
time to fire, took his gun from him and ordered him to 
lead the w^ay to the fort, and the rebels were soon pouring 
out and our men actually riding into it. It is the only 
instance we know where a fort occupied by soldiers and 
guns was captured by cavalrymen. We quote in the 
body of the history, what Gen. Stoneman says about this 
affair. Our men rushed in, pell-mell, vieing with each 
other who should l)e first, but the horses of some of them 
fell into ditches and trenches and it was sometime 
before they reached the fort. The reader may imagine 
it was a warm time in the old town that night, and so it 
Avas in a sense, but the thermometer was hovering down 
close to zero and no fires were allowed, so that the men 
found other reasons for shivering after the excitement 
was over besides fear. 

We relate the preceding incidents because we regard 
these achievements only as among the more ]M-ominent of 
scores of instances in which tb.e men and officers displaved 
equal courage and gallantry. 



A Brief Outline of the Numerou- Tragedies That Occurred 
in Carter and Johnson Counties During the Civil War, Giving 
Date and Circumstances Attending Them as Far as Possible- 
Nothing like a consecutive and detailed account of the 
tragedies that occurred, even in a single county of Ten- 
nessee, has ever been written, so far as we know. We 
have been informed that Col. N. G. Taylor began the 
task at one time and found the names of about two hun- 
dred victims that had met with tragic and untimely deatlis 
in the two counties of Carter and Johnson alone, and the 
list was probably still incomplete. They were such, too, 
as will be seen from those we relate, that at the present 
day, should they occur and be known to the civilized 
world, would call forth the execration of mankind upon 
the actors in them, but at the time they occurred the 
cries of the victims were drowned to a great extent by 
the clamor and strife of Civil War, and men's minds were 
turned from these single atrocities to view the many fields 
of blood strewn with the bodies of the of American 
youth and nobility on hundreds of battlefields. 

These scenes and the actors in them will soon pass 
from the memory of men and live only in tradition and 
history. It is perhaps fortunate that the sickening details 
of many of them have already passed into oblivion. It 
may be well to preserve enough of them to teach a lesson 
to those w'ho may come after us, and for the rest, to make 
such apologies to the future as we can, and draw the 
mantle of charity over the actors in them, on both sides, 
as over t|ie memory of the dead. 

WHiile charity would plead for oblivion, justice and 
history demands that some of the stories be told, and we 
tell them truthfully as we can with the data at our com- 
mand at this late day. 


Before relating- any of them we would observe that war, 
and more especially civil war, has always aroused the 
baser and more brutal passions of men; and that many 
who under ordinary circumstances are good citizens and 
seem to possess an ordinary share of "the milk of human 
kindness," and the amenities of life, in times of peace, 
seem to lose these virtues amidst the turbulence of war ; 
they seem to be carried away by the unbridled passions 
that rule the hour, and are lost to the finer feelings of 
our nature. Even the helplessness of age, the innocence 
of childhood and the defencelessness of the weaker sex, 
appeal in vain to men to whom war and bloodshed have 
become familiar. Neither would we claim that all the 
atrocities committed were on one side. We do claim, 
however, that at this period there was much to palliate the 
crimes committed bv the Unionists. Their homes were 
invaded and their rights trampled upon in the attempt to 
coerce them into the acceptance of a doctrine that was 
repugnant to their every sense of right and to their life- 
long teachings. They were deprived of free speech and 
trial by jury, principles which are the basis of liberty, and 
for which men in all ages and countries have poured out 
their life's blood. 

The hatred and \indictiveness, the crimes and blood- 
shed which marked the period of the Civil War in Ease 
Tennessee were only such as have always prevailed, even 
in civilized countries, in times of civil war. The crimes, 
however great, were not to be compared wth those of the 
religious war of Cromwell in the 17th century or that of 
the French Revolution at the close of the i8th century. 
Those who have read the sickening details of these scenes 
of horror may even look wth complacency upon the 
milder forms of recklessness and bloodshed which marked 
the dark days in East Tennessee. 

We would gladly pass over these events in silence and 
not harrow our readers with their recital, but they are a 
part of our history; and as history has its lessons for those 
who are to wield the destiny of our country in the future, 
we trust a lesson will be drawn from these events that will 
tend to prevent their recurrence. 


Let us plead for those engaged in them that they were 
the slaves of passion and the victims of the era of ill-feel- 
ing and animosities that suppressed their better natures; 
and that they were surrounded by conditions that have in 
all times driven men to deeds of violence from which they 
would have recoiled with horror under other conditions. 
Each side looking at things from diametrically different 
points of view could see nothing but wilful wrong in the 
words and acts of the other; and the continuation of these 
criminations and recriminations, embittered by hostilities 
in other fields, could result in nothing but anarchy, the de- 
thronement of reason and a reign of terror. 

Before relating what we have been able to learn con- 
cerning the tragedies that occurred in these counties dur- 
ing the Civil War we will say something in regard to 
the source of our information. We have visited the scenes 
where many of them occurred, and have endeavored in 
every instance, where it was possible to do so, to obtain 
the statements of witnesses living near the scene of the 
tragedy, and should the readers who have grown up since 
the war, or live remote from the scenes where they were 
enacted doubt the correctness of what we write, we invite 
them to visit the old people still living in any part of East 
Tennessee and they will learn that similiar tragedies were 
enacted all over it. 

However maddened men may be there is seldom a 
crime committed without some incentive or excuse for it, 
at least in the minds of those who commit it, though to the 
disinterested reader the reason or excuse may appear very 
inadequate. We must keep in mind, however, that these 
crimes were committed in a time of lawlessness and dis- 
order unaparalleled. at least in this country. We have 
no desire to apologize for them any further than we are 
justified in doing so for the sake of humanity, and the 
race to which we belong. The men engaged in them 
w^re Americans — our fellow-countrymen, though we 
confess, that sometimes, when we think how far some of 
them departed from the usages of modern civilization, we 
blush to own them. We shall not attempt to relate them 


in chronological order, as it is impossible now to obtain 
dates in many instances. 

As we have said, a justification of these acts has been 
attempted to be made by their friends on each side. On 
the part of the Union people engaged in them it has been 
said that they were deprived of free speech and the rights 
of a free people to think, and act for themselves. That 
an attempt was made to force them into hostility to the 
flag and Government they loved and for which their 
fathers had fought ; that because they would not turn 
against the Government of their fathers and support a 
government that they believed had been inaugurated, at 
least in Tennessee, by fraud and intimidation, they were 
arrested and imprisoned and driven from their homes; 
their property was seized, their homes invaded and their 
families insulted. Harsh epithets were applied to them 
and every indignity offered them regardless of their 
former social standing and character. Strangers were 
sent among them in the persons of brutal and bigoted 
Confederate officers who treated them in a coarse and ruf- 
fianly manner. Their names were reported to the Con- 
federate authorities as "rebels" and Lmcolnites and rene- 
gades — as men without honor or principle, cut-throats 
and thugs. 

It was said of them that only the Southern "white 
trash" were Unionists, and that they deserved no consid- 
eration or respect, but should be banished from the coun- 
try and never be allowed to return. All this, of course, 
was the vaporings of what was termed the hot-headed 
secessionists, but it was approved in silence by many 
others. On the other hand the secessionists of these 
counties believed, or affected to believe, they were en- 
gaged in a cause more sacred and holy than that of the 
Crusaders, who in the nth, 12th and 13th centuries un- 
dertook to recover the Holy Land from the Mohamme- 
dans or Infidels, and that he who raised his voice or his 
hand against the sacred cause was worse than a heathen 
or an infidel. They believed, no doubt, their cause was 
just, and that others had no right to think otherwise. 

(See page 304-) 

(See page .^05.) 


They believed that such men as Johnson, Nelson, Brown- 
low, Taylor, Carter and other leaders of the Union cause 
were ambitious demagogues and traitors to the South for 
whom there would be no forgiveness, either in this world 
or in the world to come. 

Thus these men's passions were wrought up to the 
highest tension, and it required but a single act of blood- 
shed to produce a climax of revenge and retribution that 
was truly appalling. 

The bringing to Carter and Johnson counties a company 
of Cherokee Indians, said to be a part of an organization 
known as "Thomas' Legion" and commanded by one 
Captain Walters, of Georgia, was the culminating event 
in arousing the Union people to a state of anger and in- 
dignation that knew no bounds. That their homes should 
be invaded by these wretched, ignorant, half-civilized off- 
scourings of humanity, brought there, too. by their neigh- 
bors and friends, seemed to them an act beyond human 
endurance. Must their wives and children, who were 
now alone for the most part, be horrified by the appear- 
ance at their very doors of these long-haired, greasy-look- 
ing savages, who could not even speak a word of English, 
or understand a plea for mercy? It seems to us that if 
men are held responsible in the world to come for the flood 
of evil they turn loose in this world, the man, or men, 
who first conceived the idea of bringing the Indians into 
Carter and Johnson counties to harass the people, will 
have a long list of tragedies to answer for. 

Among the first tragedies we now think of was : 


After the Carter county rebellion, in November, 1861, 
men were at first arrested and hurried off to prison 
by the wholesale, but after the excitement died down to 
some extent, a kind of truce was agreed upon, that Union 
men who could satisfy the authorities that they had not 
been engaged in the bridge burning or rebellion, or had 
not engaged in what was called *'bush-whacking," and 


would take the oath of allegiance to the Southern Con- 
federacy, would be set at liberty. Up to this time there 
were Union men who had conscientious scruples about 
taking an oath that they knew they could not, nor would 
not, at heart, at least, abide by;. for it was as utterly im- 
possible for a Carter or Johnson county Union man to be 
loyal to the Confederate government as it would be for a 
dromedary to go through the eye of a bodkin. But later, 
necessity taught these men many lessons, among others, 
that "an oath extorted by viojence" is not, and should not 
be, binding on anybod)^ 

Young Andrew J. Ward, a Carter county Union man, 
was arrested by a squad of Col. Vance's men in charge of 
one Landon Ellis, usually called "Lank" Ellis. Ellis was 
a Carter county man, and distantly related to Daniel 
Ellis, the noted pilot, but his father had married into the 
Nave family, who were prominent secessionists, and his 
son, Landon, became a rebel soldier of the most vindictive 
type. It was said that young Ward had committed no 
offence and was indignant at his arrest and asserted that 
he was a Union man and peremptorily refused to take the 
oath. It is alleged that Ellis ordered him to be shot, 
saying that it was necessary to make an example of some 
Union man so that others would not dare to defy the 
Confederate authorities. He was accordingly shot by a 
soldier named Joseph Murphy. This occurred Decem- 
ber 14, 1861. It was but the prelude to a long list of 
shocking and sickening tragedies. 

The next tragedy that comes into our mind is : 


Young Brooks was the son of Reuben Brooks, a 
wealthy rebel citizen, who lived on Stony Creek, in Carter 
county. The young man was also a secessionist, but 
was not an extremist. He was appointed enrolling offi- 
cer, and felt it his duty to perform the duties of his office. 
He was said to be a brave, though not a vindictive man. 


George and Godfrey Heatherly, sons of Thomas 
lieatherly, Sr., who had always been a respected and 
law-abiding citizen, were conscripts in hiding from the 
conscript officers. They lived about 6 miles from the 
home of the Brooks' and had always been on friendly 
terms with them, but young Brooks, through his zeal and 
devotion to the Southern cause got together a posse of 
citizens and went in search of the Heatherlys. He came 
upon them in the hills about 2J/2 miles southwest of the 
old Speedwell furnace on Stony Creek, and one of them 
opened fire on him with a musket or shot-gun loaded with 
slugs, killing him instantly. He had been advised that 
morning by a friend who was a Union man not to go. but 
said he had started and it would look cowardly to turn 
back, but he would not go on that business again. 

This event was greatly deplored by many Union people 
as well as Confederates as young Brooks was a well- 
known and a very popular and promising young man. 


The Heatherly's and their friends were now regarded 
as desperate outlaws by the Confederate authorities, and 
renewed efforts were made to capture them. Lieut. Tip- 
ton, who was known to be a brave and active Confederate 
officer, who had been raised in Carter county, had been 
assigned the duty of going with Captain Walters' com- 
pany of Indians belonging to Thomas' Legion. It was 
alleged that he went to the home of the Heatherlys and 
threatened the old man. Thomas Heatherly, that if he 
did not tell where his sons, George and Godfrey, were, 
he would hang him. We do not vouch for the truth of 
this story. However, the Heatherly boys raised a com- 
pany of their friends, known then as the Heatherly gang, 
and went to the home of Isaac P. Tipton, the father of 
Lieut. Tipton, who lived one and a half miles northwest of 
Elizabethton on the night of August 28. 1863. ^^^ called 
Lieut, Tipton up, and when he went to the window they 


told him they were a company of rebels that had been 
attacked at Carter's Depot by the Yankees and badly 
whipped, and their officers all killed or captured; that 
they had come by to tell him to get out of the way. Lieut. 
Tipton, not suspecting the ruse, and his brother Elbridge, 
who happened to be at home on furlough from the army, 
hastily dressed themselves, and not suspecting anything, 
went down to where they were. It being dark they did 
not recognize any of the party. Heatherly told Lieut. 
Tipton as he was an officer he had best take command of 
the men and advised him to get off the road as soon as 
possible as the Yankees were in pursuit of them. Lieut. 
Tipton took charge of the men and directed them through 
his father's farm to a secluded place called the "Glades." 
When they halted there the men rushed upon the Tiptons 
and disarmed them and told Lieut. Tipton they were 
going to shoot him. There was a mulatto, named Yates, 
with the Heatherly gang who had come to Carter county 
from North Carolina, and who was said to be a desperate 
character. Lieut. Tipton was standing up facing the 
me;i, and this man Yates fired at him at short range with 
an old gun that snapped a time or tw^o before it was dis- 
charged. It was said Lieut. Tipton met his fate bravely, 
facing his heartless murderers and remarking when the 
gun snapped: "You will need better arms than that 
should you meet an enemy." He was mortally wounded, 
and one of the men, George Heatherly, it was said, placed 
a pistol near his forehead and completed the tragedy. El- 
bridge Tipton, the brother, had stood by, a helpless spec- 
tator of this cold-blooded affair. The Heatherly crowd, 
leaving the body where it fell and taking Elbridge 
Tipton with them, retreated hastily to the mountains. 

The Tiptons were one of the most prominent and 
highly respected families in the county, and this tragedy 
awakened the strongest sympathy for the family as well 
as the indignation of all classes and parties, and the great- 
est excitement prevailed. 

Capt. Gregg was Provost Marshal at the time, and 
Capt. B. H. Duvall, a Kentuckian, had charge of the 


military force at Elizabethton. The crime was laid at 
the door of the Union people, and while the excitement 
lasted no Union man's life was safe. 

Elbridge Tipton was in the hands of the Heatherly's 
and their whereabouts was at first unknown. Dr. Abram 
Jobe, Hon. A. J. Tipton, Hon. Hamilton C. Smith, L. W. 
Hampton and Elijah Simerly. five of the most prominent 
Union men of the county were arrested and informed 
that if Elbridge Tipton was not returned in safety by 
the following Saturday night their lives should pay the 
penalty. These men had no more to do with the killing 
of Tipton than this officer himself, nor not nearly so much 
— as it was partly through the vindictive spirit he had 
shown that had aroused the hostility of the Heatherlys ; 
besides some of these hostages were relatives of Tipton, 
and all were warm personal friends of the family. 

These men obtained permission to go to the mountains 
to endeavor to find where Tipton was concealed. This, 
in itself, was dangerous at that time as the Union men 
in hiding were on the lookout and ready to shoot any 
men who were suspected of being enrolling officers or 
engaged in hunting them. When they went to the 
mountains they, of course, commenced the hunt for 
Heatherly's camp, knowing their own lives depended on 
finding Tipton and inducing Heatherly to give him up, 
provided he should be still alive. Dr. Jobe learned after- 
wards that while going through the woods at that time a 
Union man who was in concealment was pointing his 
gun at him and was in the very act of firing when an- 
other Union man recognized Jobe, who had j^ractised 
medicine through that countrv, and no doubt, saved his 

L. W. Hampton was acquainted with a family in the 
locality where the Heatherly gang were supposed to be 
in hiding by the name of Holly. He went to Holly's 
home and found that the young man was at the camp and 
prevailed on his sister to conduct the party there. When 
they got there they found that the negro, Yates, had Tip- 
ton in charge and that the latter had not been harmed. 


They commenced negotiations for his release l)iit found 
the negro disposed to kill Tipton rather than deliver him 
up, but Hampton finally induced him to release him by 
rewarding him with a fine pistol. Tipton was returned 
to Elizabethton and the hostages were released. Had he 
not been released doubtless they would have paid the pen- 
alty of a crime of which they had no knowledge or com- 
plicity, and had they known of his danger they would 
have been among the first to give him warning. Such 
are the horrors of civil war. 

Soon after this another tragedy occurred which was a 
sequel to this one, equally horrible and more to be con- 
demned as it was done under the sanction of a Confed- 
erate officer, Duval 1, and instigated by him. 

This man Duval 1 had the character of brutality, not 
only by the Union people but by the rebel citizens and 
soldiers. He had captured Thomas Heatherly. Jr., a 
brother of George and Godfrey, and a lad only about 15 
years old. He was placed in jail at first and then this 
officer ordered him to be taken to a place a short distance 
west of Elizabethton and shot. This was done and the 
body left without burial. It was the intention to shoot 
him on the spot where Lieut. Tipton had been shot, but 
for some reason, they did not reach the place. There 
was no reason assigned for this tragedy except that the 
youth was the brother of George and Godfrey Heatherly. 
This act of brutality undoubtedly cost the lives of many 
other good men at a later date. If the perpetrator of the 
deed had met the fate of Parker before he committed 
this act it would not have been regretted, but it was the 
fate of better men to pay the penalty. 

The Union people were afraid to go near the body of 
this boy to give it burial and it would have become prey 
for the buzzards or hogs had it not been for Major Fol- 
som, a Confederate officer and humane gentleman, who 
was at home at the time and went with William Burrow 
and other Union people and attended to having it re- 
moved and decently interred, for which he incurred the 
displeasure of this inhuman officer. The body was wrapt 


in an old blanket and buried, "uncoffined," but a few 
weeks later was taken up and removed to his home and 

George Heatherly met a tragic death some years after 
the war. 

Godfrey Heatherly joined the Thirteenth Tennessee 
Cavalry and made a brave soldier and lived a respected 
citizen of Carter county until his death, which occurred 
a few years ago (in 1898.) 

Elbridge Tipton returned to the army after his release, 
but it was said his mind was partially unbalanced by the 
terrible experience of witnessing his brother's tragic 
death and he survived only a few months. 

A large number of the tragic deaths that occurred in 
Carter and Johnson counties were laid at the door of 
William Parker, of Johnson county, whose own violent 
death, at the hands of Daniel Ellis, we have noted in an- 
other chapter. His zeal for the Southern cause seems to 
have made him a fanatic and desperado, in whose hands 
Union men and women could hope for no mercy. If the 
truth has been told in regard to him, burning the houses 
of Union men and turning women and children out into 
the world homeless, was a pastime in which he delighted. 
He was the ruling spirit in what was known as the John- 
son county "home guards," but his zeal and ambition led 
him into Carter and other counties. We would not do in- 
justice to his memory, or heap obloquy upon his name 
wrongfully, but the stories of his crimes have come to us 
through so many sources and from the lips of so many 
witnesses, still living, that we can but believe that he must 
have been a monster in crime and a man devoid of all 
human sympathy. 

We have been informed that Parker was a native of 
North Carolina and came to Johnson county some years 
before the war ; that he lived in the 2d Civil District of that 
county near what is known as Shoun's Cross Roads, and 
that he was a man of no prominence before the war, but 
that he became the tool of Samuel McQueen, William 
Waugh, Jacob Wagner, William Shoun, Green Moore 


and other vindictive secessionists, who urged him on and 
aided him in his cruelty to the Union people. If this be 
true these men were fully as culpable as he, and one can 
feel little sympathy that three of these men, like Parker 
himself, met the same fate that they measured out to 
others. It is only a wonder that others still, did not fare 

A very worthy secession citizen was killed near Tay- 
lorsville, Tenn., by some outlaws and bushwhackers who 
shielded their meanness under the garb of being Union 
men, as is well known by all, was done by unprincipled 
scoundrels in every part of the South, who committed 
crimes under whatever banner was most convenient for 
their purposes. A party of these kind of men, we have 
been told, murdered an old, inoffensive man named Rob- 
inson, and drove off his cattle and acted most shamefully. 
The true and respected Union men of the neighborhood 
were indignant at the barbarous act, and had no sympathy 
with these outlaws, who would have robbed them as 
readily as they did Robinson if they had happened to live 
in a community where the rebel element was dominant. 
Yet, through the instigation of this man Parker, fourteen 
of the most prominent and wealthy Union men in Carter 
and Johnson counties were blacklisted and the sentence 
of death passed upon them to expiate the crime of these 
outlaws. Among the men so blacklisted and condemned 
were M. M. Wagner, John H. Vaught, Col. David Slimp. 
L. W. Hampton, John Hawkins, R. L. Wilson, and 
others, whose names we could not learn. 

Wagner was arrested and preparations were being 
made to carry out this brutal sentence on him, which was 
only prevented by the prayers, tears and entreaties of his 
daughter. He had been taken to the Court House, and 
the mockery of a trial gone through with, and he was con- 
demned to death, but it so happened for once, we are glad 
to note it, that the officer was not deaf to the pleadings of 
the daughter. 



Vaught was a man 65 years old, a citizen of Johnson 
county, noted for honesty, integrity and Christian char- 
acter. Having been blackHsted he left home to visit some 
friends in Carter county, and try to keep out of Parker's 
way. He was at the home of Elijah Simerly, in Doe 
River Cove, who was a noted Union man, and there were 
a number of men there at the time. Parker, with the 
Johnson county company of home guards, had crossed 
through Elk over into the Crab Orchard and down Doe 
River to that place. His name was now a terror to Union 
men, and when they saw him approaching some of them 
ran towards the woods. One man, William Johnson, 
who lived near by, ran through Simerly's orchard and 
was followed by Parker's men and shot down near the 
orchard. Johnson was a good citizen and had committed 
no crime. He was killed because he was supposed to be 
a Union man, from running from these desperadoes, and 
so he was. 

Vaught was captured and taken to the Fish Spring, 
some six miles distant. He w'as accused of having been in 
company with the Linion men in the mountains and carry- 
ing news to them. He asserted his innocence and pleaded 
for his life, but in vain. It was said the old man was 
driven along by horsemen and in his feebleness became 
so exhausted he could not go further, and Parker shot 
him down. It was alleged that owing to his age. and ap- 
parent innocence Parker's men refused to shoot him, and 
the heartless wretch dispatched him with his own hand. 
The avenging angel shut his eyes when this crime was 
committed, but it was not long until he drew his sword 
to avenge this and other crimes, and when the day of ven- 
geance came it was terrible indeed. 

The death of Vaught was universally regretted. Capt. 
Slimp, an old-time friend of his, heard the news when in 
Cincinnati, O., and was moved to tears by his tragic fate. 
His body was buried at Fish Spring, away from his home, 


dressed in the bloody garments in which he died, and 
hes there still. 

L. W. Hampton, of Doe River Cove, was one of the 
proscribed Union men. His home was near where John- 
son was shot. He had been hiding in the mountains some 
distance from his home, but that day it had rained and he 
had slipped into his house and was sitting by the fire doz- 
ing when the shot was fired that killed Johnson. This 
aroused him, and running out the back way he escaped 
just as the men were approaching his house. It was said 
Parker had made this raid on purpose to get Hampton 
and kill him. It was a singular circumstance that the 
shot that killed his neighbor and friend probably saved 
his life. 

The death of John Hawkins, a venerable citizen and 
octogenarian of Johnson county, and Levi Guy, another 
aged citizen of that county, were charged up to Parker's 
insatiable desire for blood. It would look like their gray 
hairs and trembling limbs would have been a sufficient ap- 
peal for mercy, but it seems they were not. We are not 
advised as to what incentive led to these deaths or by what 
argument he appeased his conscience, if he needed any 
by this time. 

David Oaks, it is said, was another victim of his wrath. 
We will pass liurriedly as possible over these scenes, over 
which this modern Robespierre seemed to gloat, but from 
the recital of which the ordinary man or woman will 
shrink with horror. But passing; on we are told that 
Enoch Guy, the son of Levi Guy, met a sad fate at his 
hands. The touching story was related to us by Mrs. 
Clara Shuffield. wife of W. E. Shuffield, of Lineback, who 
was a young married lady at the time of the war, while 
her husband was bravely battling to rid the country of 
such men as Parker and his followers. The story was 
that Enoch Guy was afHicted with rheumatism and could 
not help himself. He was secreted on the mountain and 
was nursed and waited on by Miss Mary Ann Buntin. 
who was to be his wife, his sister, and a neighbor girl. 
Miss Loraine Perdue, who carried him provisions. Park- 


er's gang came onto his hiding place one day when the 
girls were not there, and when they returned they found 
he had been murdered ; and it is related by another that, 
"He was stripped of his clothing, and his lifeless body 
thrown over a cliff forty feet high." We do hope, for 
humanity's sake, this last may not be true. But our in- 
formant told us that the men were afraid to go near his 
body, and that these three young ladies, his sister, sweet- 
heart and friend, prepared him for burial, and with their 
own hands dug his grave and carried his body to it and 
buried it. The reason assigned for the killing of this man 
was, that he was a Federal recruiting officer. 

The next victim was David, brother to Levi, and son of 
Enoch Guy, who was also a Federal soldier who had come 
home on leave to visit his family. The "home guards" 
made short work of him. His plea to be treated as a 
prisoner of war was in vain. He was shot down in the 
presence of his wife and children. 

Another son of Levi Guy was hanged later in the war, 
making four — the father and three sons, who paid the 
l>enalty of death for being loyal to their country. 

John Tilly was another of Parker's victims. He was 
a scouter and had come home to visit his sick child. What 
had once been his home — that name so sacred to us all, 
that place about which John Howard Payne composed the 
immortal song of "Home, Sweet Home," proved to be 
his death-trap. One other victim we will mention whose 
life-blood will stain the garments of William Parker, 
when he presnts himself for trial in the final account, was 
a young conscript whose name w^as William Church. It 
was said his entreaties to be spared were pitiful but they 
were addressed to a heart of stone. Captain Ellis, in his 
book, mentions three other men, strangers, two of whose 
names were never known, who, in passing through John- 
son county, probably fleeing to the Federal army, fell into 
the hands of Parker and were shot on the Laurel, six 
miles from Taylorsville, Tenn. (Mountain City). A Bible 
was found in the pocket of one of these men in which 
was written the name "Lafter," and it was learned he was 
a minister whose home was in North Carolina. 



an uncle of David Cheeks, the latter a brave soldier in 
Company G, Thirteenth Tennessee Cavalry, was killed on 
Elk Creek, in Carter county, Tennessee. He was 
also one of Parker's victims and was shot down 
while attempting to escape from Parker and his 
men, and left lying where he fell. Miss Rachel 
Whitehead, daughter of James Whitehead and af- 
terwards wife of Joseph Green (soldier in Co. G), 
assisted by Joel Pardue (another Co. G. soldier) went 
with a sled drawn by an ox, and took the body to his home 
and buried it. Miss Whitehead assisted to dig the grave, 
and accompanied by Miss Rebecca Cable and two small 
boys went to the camp where two Union men, Norman 
and Gates, were killed by the same parties the next day 
after Cheeks was killed and were the first to discover them. 
They sent the two boys after Gideon Lewis, a Union man, 
who came and brought blankets and he and the girls dug 
a shallow grave, wrapped them in the blankets, and buried 
the bodies there on the mountain where they were mur- 
dered ! 

Near this same time, a young boy, brother, Ave think, 
of Joseph Green, seeing the Indians, ran and w^as fired on, 
the bullet striking him in the back while in a stooping 
posture, passed up through his body and out under his eye. 
He got well, to the astonishment of all. 


A tragic death or the execution of a man for crime 
when it is done under the forms of law and civilization, 
and when the unfortunate man has an opportunity for de- 
fense and is tried and convicted by a jury of his country- 
men whose hearts are not filled with malice towards him, 
is a scene from which the ordinary man turns away with a 
shudder. But when the victim is brought up for trial 
before men who are filled with hatred towards him and 
when no testimonv is admitted but that of his enemies 


and accusers, and when the unfortunate man is thus con- 
victed and marched off to some lonely spot and shot with- 
out the consolation of a minister or even a friend, without 
a parting word to his wife and children, it looks like "the 
very stones would rise up in mutiny." 

Such, however, were the circumstances surrounding- 
the death of John Smith (known as "fiddler John 
Smith"), who lived in Turkey Town in what was known 
as the Lyons settlement. In April, 1863, he was captured 
and lodged in jail among other Union prisoners. As far 
as we can learn he had always been regarded as a good 
citizen. He was a man about thirty-five years of age and 
had a wife and three small children. He would attract 
attention in almost any crowd by his fine personal appear- 
ance, having very black, curly hair, deep blue eyes, fair 
complexion and rosy cheeks. 

An accusation was lodged against him that he was one 
of a party that had robbed the house of Isaac L. Nave, .t 
secessionist, who lived on the Watauga river. Nave and 
his wife testified against him. We do not know that he 
offered any defense, it would have been useless, as the 
testimony of Union people would not have been con- 
sidered. Nor do we know that the sentence of death was 
even made known to him, but he was taken from jail and 
in company with other prisoners marched off towards 
Bristol, under a strong guard. When the party reached a 
place 4^ miles north of Elizabethton, Smith, whose hands 
were tied, was separated from the other prisoners and 
taken off the road a short distance by two rebel soldiers, 
Motte and DufT, and soon the shots were heard that sent 
him into eternity. He was killed only about a mile 
from his home. This tragedy was enacted on a ridge 
near the "Narrows," on what was known as the Murphy 
land. Motte and Dufif left the main road with the prison- 
er at what was known as "Zan. Wood's timothy patch." 
After these men shot Smith, Motte cut the dead man's 
finger off to get his gutta percha ring and placed it on his 
own finger. He then came down to a small stream of 
water and washed the blood off his hands, but there was a 


Stain on his soul that no amount of ablution could cleanse ! 
About a month later the rebel soldiers killed a young 
man named Berry Pritchard a mile east of Elizabethton, 
at a place called "Island Creek." He was accused of 
being a bridge burner. Pritchard's home was on Stony 
Creek. He is said to have been killed by Capt. R. C. Bo- 
zen's men. Motte and Duff were also said to be con- 
nected with this crime. This officer was said to be from 
Grayson county, Va., and like most other Confederate 
officers who were sent into these counties seemed to re- 
gard the murder of Union men as a praise-worthy em- 
ployment, especially when they were unarmed and de- 
fenceless. Bozen was charged with the murder of Wil- 
liam Thompson, whose home was in the Greasy Cove, 
Carter county, but who, fearing to be found at home, 
had come to the vicinity of Elizabethton. Wishing to do 
something to pay his board he went into a field to gather 
corn. He was captured by Bozen's men, placed on a 
mule and taken to his home several miles away. After 
torturing him in various ways they took him a short 
distance from home on the farm of a rebel citizen named 
Brown and shot him to death. We are not advised as to 
the crime charged against Thompson. If the Bible be 
true there will be an investigation at the day of judg- 
ment, and Bozen will say to the mountains and rocks, 
"Fall on me and hide me from the face of Him that sitteth 
on the throne and from the wrath of the Lamb." 


This occurred at the same place that John Smith w^as 
killed and was one of the saddest of all the lamentable 
tragedies of that period. It happened in June or July, 
1863. Archer was said to have been afflicted so that he 
would not have been able for military duty had he gone 
through the lines. He hunted out what he considered a 
safe retreat in a dense thicket, but his hiding place was 


betrayed to Captain B. H. IJiu all's men and he was cap- 
tured and taken to the EHzabethton jail. Some charge 
was broiiglit against him and he was speedily condemned 
to be shot. His wife with a babe in her arms pleaded in 
vain for mercy. Me was taken to the "ridge of death" 
in the Narrows where several others had been murdered. 
It was said the company ha\ing him in charge, seeing his 
wife following, hurried him up (though he was walking 
and had his hands tied) to keep her from overtaking 
them. Her moans and cries were enough to move any 
one to pity who was not lost to every sentiment of human- 
ity. She followed him towards the place of death and 
heard the shot that killed him. Tn company with a young 
lady, Miss Nannie Jobe. and a young boy, Andrew Perry, 
strangers, whom she met up with along the road, she 
went and found his dead body divested of e\er}- vestige 
of clothing. She wrapped her skirt about his nude body 
with her own hands. Archer was about 35 years old and 
his home was on Stony Creek. The body was taken in 
a wagon by sympathizing friends and conveyed to his 
home for burial. 


Madison Lovelace was the son of Thomas Lovelace. 
He lived on Stony Creek and was a strong Union man. 
The particulars of his death as given to us were as fol- 
lows: Lovelace had been to Elizabethton, some six or 
eight miles from his home, and was returning home and 
reached Isaac L. Nave's house on the A\'atauga river just 
after dark. Nave was a Confederate officer and had been 
from the beginning of the war an ultra secessionist. He 
was at that time at his home, and Lovelace, who it is said, 
had been drinking and was noisy, opened Na^•e's gate and 
started towards the house when the latter shot him dead 
from an upstairs window. Lovelace was unarmed, and 
we have heard no motive assigned for this killing other 


than that Nave's activity in having Union men arrested 
and some of them shot, and being conscious that he was 
an object of hatred by them, he supposed Lovelace had 
come to kill him. More than a year later Nave met the 
same fate, in Sullivan county, at the hands of Captain 
Ellis' men, which is briefly told in the sketch of Ellis. 

It was about the time of the killing of Lovelace that 
the shooting down Union men and burning the houses 
from over the heads of women and children, whose hus- 
bands or brothers were in the Federal army had become so 
common in Carter and Johnson counties that Gen. Samuel 
P. Carter, who was Provost Marshal-General of East 
Tennessee, sent for an ofiicer of the Thirteenth Tennessee 
Cavalry who had spent much time in these counties on 
recruiting service, and told him that something must be 
done to stop the murder of Union people and the burning 
of their homes. He said he was authorized to say that 
$1000 in gold would be paid for the body of every man, 
soldier or citizen, dead or alive, who had been engaged 
in shooting Union men or burning their homes, whether 
they were robbers and scoundrels under the mask of 
soldiers, or whatever they were. The officer informed 
Gen. Carter that with a small force he could easily make 
reprisals and bring them to him and make a fortune in 
the operation, but that unless the Union people could get 
away, or an army should be sent in strong enough to hold 
the country, it would only result in their utter ruin. 

We would observe here that just at the close of hostil- 
ities a force was sent into Johnson county under Major 
R. H. M. Donnelly and under the supervision of Hon. H. 
C. Smith, of Carter county, to break up a gang of maraud- 
ers who infested the mountains and who were men with- 
out principle, scoundrels and deserters from both armies, 
who were preying upon the people and robbing and steal- 
ing what little property they had left, regardless of 
whether they were Unionists or Secessionists. A large 
number of them were captured, and should have been 
hanged, but they were taken to Greeneville, and as no 
courts were yet established they were turned loose, prob- 
ably to resume their nefarious practices. 


|| ^i^ 


(See page 305.) 

















U 1) 



5 -^ 

i s 

. en 


We have been told recently that Motte and Duff, two 
Confederate soldiers who figured prominently (and un- 
enviably) in a number of Carter county tragedies were 
Johnson county men w-hose homes were in Shady. We 
are informed that one or both of them were Confederate 
officers, that Duff had a brother, and that there was one 
Cliff Blevins, Jacob Nave, Chris. Frasier and Landon 
Ellis all of whom were Sulivan, Carter or Johnson county 
men, and were associated with Parker in many of the 
atrocities committed in these two counties and all seemed 
to possess that unnatural and inhuman instinct that gave 
them pleasure in vieing with each other in committing 
acts of violence upon those who had at one time been 
their neighbors and friends. 


Motte and Duff had committed so many crimes upon 
these Union people that a number of Union men deter- 
mined to put a stop to it. Learning that they were to be 
at the house of Melvina Hilton, in Elizabethton, on a cer- 
tain night, Elbridge and Robert Treadway, James L. Gar- 
rison and some other Union men, including four or five 
colored men who had been in hiding and had a camp in 
the mountains near a place called Queen's Station, about 
four miles south, or southeast of Elizabethton, came into 
town and surrounded Mrs. Hilton's house, stationing 
men at the doors and windows. Motte and Duff, with 
one or two others (citizens), were sitting at a table play- 
ing cards, in a small room at the south side of the house, 
which had but one door and one small window. Tread- 
way called on them to surrender. They arose from the 
table and barricaded the door with a bedstead 
so that it would open only far enough for Duff 
to reach his pistol through the opening and fire 
on the men outside. This he did, fatally shoot- 
ing Garrison and seriously wounding one of the 
colored men, and was severely wounded in the wTist 


himself. The attacking party being unalMe to force the 
door or get into the small window without serious loss of 
life, withdrew and the two men escaped. The colored 
man was removed and soon afterwards made his way to 
the Federal lines. Garrison was taken back into the 
mountains and his wound was finally dressed by Dr. H. 
T. Berry, a rebel citizen, and he lingered some time in 
great agony. 

Garrison was a good, kind-hearted man, true to his 
principles and loyal to his country. He w-as about "^5 
years old, and left a widow' and seven children, the 
oldest 12 years. His widow, Mrs. Hannah Garrison is 
still living and resides with her son at Valley Forge, Ten- 

In looking over the entire field of tragedies in these 
two counties we have selected as the crowning horror 


This occurred at an earlier date than other tragedies 
already mentioned, November, 1863, but we have written 
this chapter as the events were brought to our minds with- 
out regard to their sequence. 

One Col. Witcher, of Virginia, had just arrived in 
Carter county to try his hand in subduing the "Lincoln- 
ites" and "Thugs." and hej)roved a fitting successor to 
the bloody-handed tyrants who had come and gone, and 
predecessor of those that were to come. Between them 
all it was a question of ability to devise the most shocking 
methods of murder and rapine. In the case of Witcher 
it would appear that behind him must have been an un- 
seen Beelzebub in spirit-form directing and aiding him 
in his atrocious work, as well as men in the flesh so lost to 
justice and human sympathy as to go with him and point 
out their neighbors as his victims. We suppress their 
names for humanity's sake. 

While in the army the murders and house-burnings. 
perpetrated by this man reached our ears and filled our 
men with unspeakable rage. In a charge near Mount 
Airy, Va.. some rebel })risoners were captured, and being 


asked to what command they belonged they said they 
were Col. Witcher's men. A half dozen men grasped 
their carbines to shoot them, but officers interfered. We 
are informed that there were two Confederate officers 
named Witcher who held the rank of Colonel in the C. S. 
A., one, Vincent A. Witcher, Sr., of Pittsyvania connty, 
Va., the other one's name was also V. A. Witcher, Jr., a 
nephew of the former. It is said to have been the latter 
who operated in these counties. 

James and David Bell were well-to-do and well-known 
citizens of Carter county. The latter was a reputable 
physician, and was a man of family, and his brother 
James was a bachelor past the conscript age. Their 
home, like that of every loyal man in Carter cuuntv, was 
a place of refuge for Union people and they fed and cared 
for them with unstinted hands. 

The morning of the tragedy a company of refugees, 
about 50 in number, making their way from North Caro- 
lina to the Federal army had arrived at the Bell home and 
expected to secure the services of Dan. Ellis to pilot them 
through the lines. They had traveled all night and 
stopped in the yard waiting to get something to eat which 
the family was preparing for them, and to take a rest 
before proceeding on their journey. It was probably not 
known there that W^itcher, with his regiment, had come 
into Carter county, and they did not e.xpect to fall in with 
?. large force of rebels, Witcher, piloted by rebel citizens, 
came on to them unexpectedly and as was always the case, 
being unprepared to fight, they tried to save themselves 
by flight. The soldiers pursued them on horseback and 
shot them down without mercy. Eight or ten men were 
killed, and one or two wounded. The following are the 
names of the killed and wounded as far as \\t have learned 
them: Calvin Cantrel, John Sparks, Wiley Royal, Elijah 
Gentry, Jacob Lyons and B. Blackburn. Preston Pruitt 
was seriously wounded, as was a man named Madison 
who was cared for by the family of a Union man named 
Thomas Green, who lived close by, until he recovered 
from his wound. 


They shot and killed James Bell, and it is said that after 
wounding him his head was laid on a stone and his brains 
beaten out until they bespattered the ground all about his 
body. One other man, named William Sparks, was sick 
and had gone into the house and lain down and was in 
there while the shooting was going on. After killing 
James Bell, Witcher ordered the house, a large brick resi- 
dence, to be set on fire which was done. Sparks made 
his escape through the smoke and was concealed and 
finally saved through the efforts of Miss Elizabeth Morri- 
son, who lived in the neighborhood, and was at Bell's 
house through all that scene of horror; she did many 
brave and helpful deeds that morning. 

The story of the inhumanity and cruelty practiced upon 
this family and these men should bring a blush of shame 
to a Comanche Indian if one-half is true that has been 

On this same raid Witcher and his men killed two other 
Union men, namely, Commodore Sloan, fifty-six years of 
age, and William Bird, the latter at the house of Williarrt 
McKinney, and the former in his own yard and in the 
presence of his family. It is said he boasted that in the 
brief space of twenty- four hours he had rid the world of 
twenty-one Lincolnites. He was soon called to other 
fields of usefulness and it was perhaps well for him for 
Dan. Ellis and his lieutenants had his case under consid- 
eration, and had he remained it would have been a wonder 
if he had escaped the fate of Young and Parker. 

We have omitted some details of cruelties in the fore- 
going account, it being bad enough in the mildest form 
we are able to relate it. 


We have been unable to obtain the date, or many of the 
particulars of this tragedy. 

They were the sons of Rev. Valentine Bowers, who 
was an old and highly respected Baptist minister. They 


had two brothers, WiUiam C. and Joseph P. Bowers. 
Reese Bowers was a Baptist minister at one time. The 
father and sons were all Union men. Reese and Benja- 
min were very active in the Union cause and assisted in 
piloting Union men and refugees to Ellis. 

On the day previous to their death they received word 
from L. W. Hampton, a prominent Union man of the Doe 
River Cove, that there were some refugees near his home 
who were wanting a man to pilot them. These men had 
some experience in that line and left their homes in whai 
was called the Neck, crossed the mountain to a point on 
the Watauga river near the Fish Spring, intending to go 
from there to Mj. Hampton's. They requested a woman, 
Mrs. Smith, to set them across the river in a canoe. A 
company of rebel soldiers had made a raid down in the 
vicinity of Elizabethton and were returning just as the 
Bowers' got across the river. The latter seeing them 
started to run, when the soldiers opened fire on them as 
they ran towards the hills near by; the soldiers pursued 
them and overtook them. It was told to us that the elder 
Bowers, Reese, prayed and begged for his life, while Ben- 
jamin fought and cursed them with his dying breath; but 
the fate of each was the same. We have heard different 
stories as to who killed these men, one that they were 
killed by the Johnson county home guards under Parker, 
but their cousin, Isaac Bowers, now a resident of Eliza- 
bethton, and whose character for truth is unquestionable, 
informs us that they were killed by Bozen's men, and that 
he recognized a pistol taken from them by Motte, whom 
we have mentioned as having been connected with a num- 
ber of other tragedies. 





This county occupies the extreme eastern territory of 
the State, and extends from the Virginia line on the north, 
running nearly east and west to the North Carolina line 
on the south and east, and bounded by Carter county on 
the west. Mountain City, known as Taylorsville during 
the war, is in the central part of the county, and was a 
small village during the war. This county is watered by 
the Watauga river, Roan's creek. Little Doe river, and 
numerous springs and small streams. There are beauti- 
ful and fertile valleys along the streams of water, fine 
timbered lands, and endless beds of fine iron and other 
ores in the mountains of that county. 

Johnson county has always been noted for the intelli- 
gence and thrift of its people, for their public spirit in 
keeping up roads and highways, and for the hospitality of 
its people. The highway between Virginia and North 
and South Carolina passes through that county, and dur- 
ing the war, there being few railroads, there was a great 
deal of travel by stage coaches and private conveyances 
through the county. 

Like Carter county her people were intensely loyal and 
true to the Union. Lying close to Virginia where the 
disloyal sentiment was strong, and the mountains afford- 
ing shelter for a large number of loyal people from North 
Carolina and Virginia as well as her own loyal people, 
that county early became the scene of conflicts and trage- 
dies that continued to the close of the war. It is high'y 
probable that Johnson county was the scene of more, and 
sadder tragedies in proportion to its population than any 
county in East Tennessee. This was due partly to the 


causes named, but very largely to the vindictive spirit 
shown towards the loyal people by the citizens of that 
county who espoused the Southern cause. 

The war, on the part of the South, Avas inaugurated 
with such a flourish of trumpets, and after its arms had 
been successful as they were in the beginning, and East 
Tennessee had been overrun with Southern soldiery, the 
Confederate citizens and soldiers alike, seem to have been 
imbued with the idea that the success of the South was 
assured, and they acted towards the Union people as if 
they did not dream that it was possible there might come 
a day of reckoning when the blood of the martyrs to the 
Union cause would cry aloud for vengeance. One would 
think that if in their madness they had stopped to think 
that the n'ten whom they were persecuting had for their 
friends millions of loyal people who would come to their 
aid they would have listened to the voice of reason and 
the promptings ni humanitv and many heart-rending 
scenes might have been averted in this world, many a cry 
of agony would never have been heard, many a heart- 
ache would never have been known, man^' widows' and 
orphans' tears would have been spared. Back of all this 
there must be an awful responsibility. Wt ask ourselves, 
upon whom did it rest? Has it been settled, or will it 
rise up in the great day when it is said "The secrets of all 
hearts will be made known," and when all "must answer 
for the deeds done in the body?" Are the accounts 
settled with the passing of the actors, or are the conse- 
quences to be commensurate with eternity? 

We are indebted to Captain Frederick Slimp, of Butler 
Tennessee, a native of Johnson county, and a man who 
has always been regarded as a man of unimpeachable 
veracity, for the following statements. We let him tell 
the stories of these tragedies in his own language. 

Captain Slimp tells of the spirit of the Union people 
of Carter and Johnson counties and relates some of tl-e 
tragedies that occurred in the latter county : — 

"The Union people in Johnson and Carter counties 
acted in concert from the beginning to the end of the ?e- 


bellion. They settled down on one fixed idea — the Union 
— it must be defended and preserved. They were prompt 
in answering to the calls for aid when they came from 
Union people, strangers though they might be, and vied 
with each other as to who could do the most and ventUiC 
farthest into danger, — women and men alike. Ambush 
and murder did not daunt or deter them from accomplish- 
ing their benevolent purposes, and they utterly disre- 
garded what the consequences might be. Their lives 
seemed consecrated to the one single end and for this they 
suffered and encountered hardships, disease, dangers and 
even death itself. The young and the old faced the perils 
of the hour without flinching or faltering. 

"The young men took refuge in the mountains and de- 
termined on no account to be conscripted into the Con- 
federate army. They had abiding faith in the ultimate 
triumph of the Union cause, and in the chief ruler of the 
Nation, but as time dragged along they became restless 
and made their way to the Union army. The Union first, 
last and all the time, was their watchword. For this 
cause, so dear to their hearts, they gave their noblest ef- 
forts, their worldly goods, and many of them their lives. 


"David Howard, of Little Doe, Johnson county, a well- 
known citizen, in the prime of life, a married man, was 
shot down and instantly killed. He was a favorite son 
of Col. Sam. Howard, and was a harmless and inoffensive 
citizen. Having no political, nor war enemies in his way, 
except it was known that he was a quiet Union man. At 
the time of this sad occurrence some rebel soldiers were 
in the county, marauding over the country, more for plun- 
der than Southern chivalry. David was at home, suspect- 
ing no danger. He was butchering a beef. It is an un- 
disputed fact that men had been shot down at home at 
their daily avocations. David Howard knowing this, 
was suddenly alarmed at the approach of the dreaded 


•enemy and fled in the direction of the woods, across the 
fields, and the ill-thoughted posse without knowing who 
or for what reason, fired many deadly shots at him, and 
he fell mortally wounded, and died in a few minutes. 

"It takes much running about to collect facts connected 
with the war. I am now up on Doe. I learn since here, 
when David Howard was killed, as I have heretofore in- 
formed you, that his murderers rushed upon him in his 
death struggle. In rifling his pockets for plunder their 
hands became besmeared with the dying man's blood. 
They left his body lying where he was murdered and pro- 
ceeded to the house of his mother, called on her for break- 
fast and forced her to pour water on their hands to wash 
the blood off, and then prepare their breakfast. This 
heart-broken old lady was Mrs. Kinsey Howard, wife of 
Col. Saml. Howard. 


"In the Fall and Winter of 1862 Hiram Main lived 
in the 3rd District, Johnson county, Tenn. ; was about 22 
years of age ; was a Union man, and of good reputation. 
He was at a neighbor's house in the interest of his own 
private business. Willie Thomas, of Ashe county, N. C , 
and Newton McEwin, of Johnson county, styling them- 
selves 'home guards' or 'conscript officers.' They went 
to the house where Main was and got into angry words 
about their business with him. A fight ensued in 
which Main was shot and shortly after expired. Such 
was the fate of Hiram Main, whose death produced a 
shocking grief in the county. No excuse was ever rendered 
by those holding Confederate jurisdiction for this out- 
rageous and unprovoked murder. It is reasonable to sup- 
pose that a great many others would have been murdered 
in like manner if they had not left the Confederate lines 
and joined the Federal army. A citizen was safer in the 
Federal army than at home in his fields within the lines of 
the Rebellion. No one knew what minute he would be 


visited by a select mob to take his life. In the Fall of 
1863 the delineator of this sketch was carefully and se- 
cretly notified that he would be visited on a certain hour at 
night with a view of committing murder. It proved true, 
the mob came, but the Providential warning removed the 
victim. The would-be victim is yet alive, not dead, not 
hanged, not shot. A life-time thanks to the colored man. 
He received many favors. 


"Bill Parker concluded that he would see what he could 
do with a gang of demons, whom he had under his con- 
trol. It was a trashy gang. He selected one Wm. Fulks to 
try his ex]:>eriment. Fulks was a native of Ashe county, 
but lived in Johnson county ; was a Union man, but took 
no part on either side. Parker had Fulks arrested and 
brought before him. He told Fulks he had to go with 
him where his brother was as he knew where he was. 
They failed to find the other Fulks. Parker then took hir^ 
prisoner up a tributary of Roan's Creek, some three miles 
northeast of Mountain City, and stood him up against a 
white oak tree, his face fronting his foes; Parker lined 
up his men in front of Fulks, drew his pistol and told 
his gang if any one should fail to shoot he would blow 
out his brains. He gave his order and all fired. His body 
was literally ridclled and he died instantly. 


"The trouble did not stop at the murder of young 
Fulks, the father of the murdered man had to he hanged. 
He was dragged near the residence of Daniel ^Vagner, at 
Shoun's Cross Roads, Johnson county. In view of the 
residence mentioned he was hanged to the limb of a tree 
Mrs. Nancy \A'agner, wife of Daniel Wagner, and mother 
of Thomas Slioun, saw what was going on, true to her 


native instinct, rushed to the tragic scene and cut him 
down in time to save his life. Parker was interrogated 
why he was guilty of such a rash act and he said the old 
man was a Union man. 

" 'A desperate cause seeks for desperate deeds.' 


"The first man Bill Parker killed in Johnson county 
was Frank Greever. Parker and Greever were neigh- 
bors, and were apparently friends. No hostilities had ex- 
isted between them. Parker had been officious in arrest- 
ing Union men, and Greever, in fun one day said to 
Parker that he should never arrest him. This was not 
intended for a banter, but a jest. Parker drew his pistol 
and said, T will arrest you now.' (ireever to carry out 
his fun started to run around the house and Parker after 
him. Parker shot and Greever fell and expired. 


"How sad it is to record the death of George Dotson. 
Ke was a promising young man, who had just arrived at 
the age of manhood. He was a son of good old Allan 
Dotson, and a brother of A. E. Dotson, late Sheriff of 
Johnson county. He unfortunately fell under what is 
known as the conscript law enacted by the Confederate 
Congress. He was put under a rigid guard and hurried 
ofif towards Bristol, the place to deposit conscripts. In 
Shady, night overtook the cavalcade having charge of the 
prisoners, and they went into camps. In the night, Dot- 
son and Roberts made a break for liberty and took their 
chance for life, rather than go into the rebel army. As a 
practice, the rebel officers gave orders to shoot if a pris- 
oner made an attempt to escape. Here Dotson was in- 


stantly killed and Roberts slightly wounded. This aflfair 
produced an intense shock to the people, especially the 
parents and kin-folks. The people gave many expressions 
of sorrow. It was told that some one said it was 'a griev- 
ous accident,' to which the officer in charge replied. It was 
not a serious accident to the one killed but for the one who 
escaped.' I do not vouch for the truth of this wicked and 
detestable expression, but one thing I do know it was 
much easier and safer to hunt and shoot down unarmed 
conscripts in Johnson county, if one had to be sacrificed 
for the 'holy cause' now and then than to face the enemy 
on the battlefield, at Gettysburg or other fields of carnage. 
But how about the pangs of conscience? I would rather a 
hundred fold take my chances on the battlefield than meet 
the sword of Justice in the day of accounts for having 
shot down, in cold blood, innocent and defenseless men." 


(Mention is made of the killing of Church but we give 
the particulars here as told by Capt. Slimp. ) 

"William Church, man of middle age, a refugee from 
North Carolina, was seeking an opportunity to reach the 
Federal lines. He stopped at the mouth of Roans' Creek 
with Mrs. Catharine Wagner and was employed by her 
to make rails. While in her employment as such, one 
Henry Kidd, a desperado, claiming to be an officer in the 
Confederate cause, heard of Church, but both were entire 
strangers to each other. Kidd, without any cause what- 
ever, made it his business to hunt up Church. He took 
him a few paces below where Curtis & Farthing's store 
now is, put his gun against Church's breast and shot him 
down, and he instantly expired. He was buried in his 
gore of blood by the neighbors. Kidd, at the close of the 
war, made his exit from here and has never been heard 
of since. 



"John Tilly, a citizen of Little Doe, Johnson county, 
was killed in the early days of 1863 by a gang of rebel 
marauders. It was rumored that he had been away from 
home somewhere. The rovers here in quest of booty ant- 
plunder did not know any thing about him, but they stole 
upon him in some way and captured him. The gang 
parlied with themselves who should shoot him. The iden- 
tical circumstances are not precisely known, but sub- 
stantially these are the facts. He was killed without 
charges or provocation. He was a married man, having 
married a daughter of the late John Speer. His widow. 
Mrs. Fannie Tilly, is still living. 


"This young man was the son of Jordan Jones, the lat- 
ter was a strong Union man and had been captured by the 
rebels, and though past the conscript age, was sent to 
Richmond where he died in prison of small-pox. 

"Young Jones went to the home of William Shoun, a 
rebel sympathizer, in the night, and it was claimed, at- 
tempted to break into his house for the purpose of robbery. 
Shoun shot him, and he fell dead on the porch. We knew 
young Jones in his boyhood and can hardly believe he 
went there as a robber. 


"James Gilliland, a citizen of Johnson county, lived in a 
back settlement, near the foot of the Iron mountain, and 
seemed to be an inoffensive man. The writer of this brief 
sketch was well acquainted with him from boyhood days, 
and never hearing of any complaint against him thought 
it a safe place to stop and rest and take refreshments 
while hiding from the rebels. In order to induce me to re- 
main with him a few days he told me that 'a rebel had 


never been on his place.' He also said 'he let them alone 
and they let him alone.' I thought this good enough. I 
changed my clothing there and took dinner with him, feel- 
ing myself perfectly safe according to his view. He got 
my consent to stay some days with him, assuring me 
there was no danger whatever. I remained with him till 
late in the evening, same day, when some neighbor hap- 
pened along and influenced me to go with him to where 
old Col. Sam. Howard was lying out under the foot of 
Doe mountain. In this way I found Col Howard in his 
winter quarters in a dense laurel thicket near the public 
road. I took up lodging with him for the night, and the 
Colonel appeared much pleased to have me abide with 
him in his lonely domicile. This was only about four (4) 
miles from where I had left my friend Gilliland. During 
the night we heard horsemen passing the road and the next 
morning Mrs. Howard brought our breakfast to us and 
gave us the startling information that Gilliland had been 
killed the previous night ! It would not be unjust to state 
the particulars of this murder, for it was a murder in the 
first degree, •unthout provocation or palliation, as I have 
been reliably informed. It would be unjust to give it a 
coloring the facts do not justify, and this I would not 
dare to do, in this or similar cases. I have no disposition 
to cast a stain, either upon the living or the memory of 
the dead. 

"Samuel McQueen, a prominent rebel sympathizer, 
and active rebel citizen, and others of his class, had a 
special hatred towards old Andrew Potter, an uncom- 
promising Union man, and his associates. It was sup- 
posed that Potter might be in the neighborhood of James 
Gillilands, McQueen, and the so-called Johnson county 
'Home Guards,' made a sudden descent on Gilliland's 
home about daylight on the morning in question. Potter 
was in the house and saw them coming close to the 
house. It seemed impossible for him to escape, as they 
were so nearly upon him, but believing it meant death in 
any case, he split the air like a cyclone under a shower of 
bullets as thick as hail stones, he jumped fences like a 

tennessep: volunteer cavalry. 351 

buck with a troop of hounds in pursuit and made good 
his escape into the Iron mountain. Potter gave account 
afterwards that as he went over fences one bullet chpped 
his little finger. 

"But poor James Gilliland had to atone and make ex- 
piation for Potter's escape! The soidisaiit 'Home 
Guards,' fraught with madness and disappointment, de- 
termined to have blood and shot poor Gilliland down 
w'ithout a moment's Jicsitation — imthout a zvord — zmthou! 
explanation, and n'itliout mercy! They knew not for 
what purpose they killed Gilliland! 


'The same squad of men, led by Samuel McQueen, who 
was the chief actor in the killing of Gilliland, found a 
young man who it was claimed was a deserter from the 
rebel army, hid in a shuck pen, and dragged him out and 
hanged him to a dogwood tree. The rope was left there 
for more than two years and was seen by passers-by. Noth- 
ing was known regarding the antecedents of the young 
man. He was but one of the many thousands who left 
their homes, and of whom it could only be said : 'He 
never came back again.' 

"We beg to relieve for a moment the somber shadow 
that must hang like a pall over the reader at the recital 
of these tragedies by inserting here this little story as told 
by Captain S. 


"Rev, William B. Gambill, long time a citizen of John- 
son county, was, in the fall of 1864, in his corn field, sitting 
down, shucking corn. It became a custom when Union 
men saw rebels coming to break and run; one day Mr. 
Gambill saw the gang coming, but he sat still, and paid 
no attention to them. Being an old man and in open 
view, he knew it would not do to run, so they fired on 
him but he did not move for a moment. The bullets cut 


close to him in the shucks behind him. He fell over, pre- 
tending to be shot. They went on in great hilarity and 
left him for dead. Their object was to fire a few shots, 
get him started to run and then fire on him to see if they 
could hit him in his flight. The manner in which he de- 
ceived them created a great deal of mirth and fun. I 
enjoyed myself to joke him about it. He said that was 
the only plan he could think of to save his life. If he 
sat still they would keep shooting till they got him. If 
he attempted to run they would be sure to get him as he 
ran ; so he said it was best to act the dissembler a little in 
case of a 'tight place.' He often cautioned me not to tell 
it on him as he did not want to be called a hypocrite. 


"Major David Slimp, of Johnson county, was a well 
known and substantial Union man. In his humble way 
he wielded his share of influence in shaping a Union 
sentiment among the young men of his acquaintance. He 
was approaching his fiftieth year, and knew the Con- 
federate conscript law would soon reach him, as the Con- 
federate Congress was closing up on men of his age. He 
thought best to shift his situation and look out for safer 
quarters. In the spring of 1864, the 13th Tennessee Cav- 
alry Regiment was stationed at Nashville, Tenn. Major 
Slimp scouted his way through the mountains and dan- 
gerous passes, and arrived safely in Nashville in June, 
1864. He did not join the regiment, but remained with 
it until the fall of 1864. When the regiment was ordered 
to Upper East Tennessee and Virginia, he thought it 
would be a good time to visit his home in Johnson county. 
As he approached near his home he kept himself secluded 
as much as possible, but he found the usual gang of mar- 
auding ghouls were still in operation, plundering and com- 
mitting criminal acts and spoliations in the county and 
surrounding community. They got word some way that 
Maj. Slimp had returned home, and supposing he might 

(See page 309.) 


have a little greenback money, having come from a green- 
back country, the idea elated them with eager thirst for 
the money, and at a late hour in the night they ruthlessly 
entered his house with a savage yell. They did this to 
frighten the household in order that the money and 
plunder would be easily obtained, but the major's wife 
(Mrs. Evaline Slimp) knew their object, seized the pants 
containing the pocketbook and threw it behind the bed 
rail, but in the confusion the Major did not know that his 
wife had secured the pocketbook. The pilferers pro- 
ceeded to thrust their hands in his pockets, when the 
Major, making some resistance, and they finding no booty, 
they were so angry over the disappointment that they 
made frightful threatenings to extort money and getting 
none they proceeded to take vengeance on the family. 
They knocked the Major down with pistols and beat him 
over the head, inflicting dangerous wounds from which 
he complained as long as he lived. Before he died he be- 
came insane, supposed to be the result of the severe 
blows received on the head and face. This may not be 
considered altogether in the line of tragedies, as no death 
ensued, but murder was in their hearts and it was not the 
fault of these barbarians that this respected citizen was 
not borne to his grave, instead of living, for his friends 
to see the light of reason depart from him, which was a 
sadder fate. 


"A volume of several hundred pages could be de- 
voted to the war incidents and cruelties which occurred 
in Johnson county during the four years of the civil war. 
In mingling with the people and making inquiries, we 
find a great many tragedies, heretofore not heard of, that 
should be noted among the tragedies. To make a special 
record of every one would be a history too voluminous. 
A visit in the loth District, in consultation with an old 
citizen, who remained at home during the war, he told 
me about one Henry Kidd. the same dastardly coward 


mentioned in connection with other tragedies. He was a 
mean active yonng man, full of vigor and audacity, but 
void of principle — destitute of compunction, or remorse 
of conscience; dissolute and unrestrained. A man's life, 
even an innocent man, was not safe in his presence. He 
delighted in committing murder. For an example, this 
desperate man Kidd rode up to John Dugger's shop, on 
Dry Run, in the loth Civil District, called out of the shop 
Aaron Webb, who was partially an imbecile, and was 
not, nor had been concerned on either side of the war. 
'Kidd shot him and rode off unconcerned. No words had 
passed between them, leaving Webb praying for the for- 
giveness of the man who had murdered him. 

"This same dastardly coward has been mentioned in 
connection with the murder of Church in the public road 
near the residence of Thos. Shoun. The murder of Church 
by Kidd was no less hideous in crime than the murder 
of Webb. It is not known how manv men have been 
killed by Kidd. 

"There were three North Carolinians captured on Flint 
Hill on the upper waters of Elk River. Their names are 
unknown. It appears one was a Methodist preacher, 
which was shown by his Bible on his person. They were 
driven up Roans Creek by Mountain City, and taken near 
the Tennessee and Virginia State line; there halted to 
consider what to do with them. They were stript of their 
home-spun clothing in exchange for the murderer's in- 
ferior rags, and driven a few paces from the public road 
and every one of them murdered by a band of robbers, 
who pretended to be in the service of the Confederate 
Government. These murders and others were tolerated 
by those who claimed to be in the service of the new Con- 
federacy. John Grace, Elias Worley and others piled up 
the dead men's bodies and covered them up with old logs. 
Their bones \\ere in view for many years. 

Joe Wagner, a young man, son of one David Wagner, 
who was usually known as "Hog Dave," w^ho was always 
ready to inculcate seditious ideas and wreak his spleen on 
Union men and women. All this was taudit to his son^ 


It was a common word with him that all Union men 
ought to be put in the Confederate army and in this way 
have them exterminated and killed out. Joe ready enough 
fell in with this idea and equipped himself and 
set out for that purpose, previously having made 
rash threatenings which alarmed those for whom 
it was intended. Joe believed all Union men 
ought to be in the rebel army or killed. We 
are not informed what his business was in the Qth 
District alone. The news had got ahead of him. In time 
of war news flew fast as the wind. Soryie parties, not 
definitely known, secretly hid in ambush, fired on Joe, 
one ball went through his head. He was found lying in 
the road dead. This way of killing an enemy is wrong. 
To lie in ambush and shoot out, even at an enemy, is mon- 


Mr. Arnold was a well known citizen and native of 
Johnson county Tenn. He resided in the Third Civil 
District of that county and was 63 years old. His senti- 
ments as a Union man became known to Thomas Price 
and Wiley Ray, two Ashe county marauders, who, with 
a band of men like unto themselves, had come over into 
Johnson county to wreak vengeance on Union men. They 
heard that Arnold "had been to see the Yankees;" this 
was suflficient excuse for them to chase him around the 
neighborhood until they came up with him, when the 
leaders ordered the men to fire a volley at him, whicli 
they did, resulting in his instant death. 


"There was a touch of sadness connected with this 
tragedy, even greater than of the other lamentable scenes 
of like character we have related. While there is no doubt 
as to the correctness of the facts related, our informant 


was not sure whether the scene of the tragedy was John- 
son county, Tenn., or Ashe county, N. C. 

"J^sse Price was a man advanced in years and he and 
his three sons were Union men. The family had moved 
back and forth between the two counties named, which, 
though in different States, adjoin. 

"One Joe Long, a rebel, with a posse of men, captured 
old man Price and his three sons and put them in jail. 
Some charge was brought against them and all four of 
them were hanged to a white oak limb. It was late in 
the evening and the party believing them all dead cut them 
down and rode away. 

"The next morning a passer-by discovered them and 
found that the old man and two of the sons were dead, 
but the other son, Franklin, was alive, sitting upright in 
the midst of the dead bodies of his father and two broth- 
ers. But it was found that his reason was gone and he 
was insane. He was taken back to jail and sometime af- 
terwards recovered his reason and was forced to join the 
Confederate army, but soon deserted and scouted his way 
through the enemy's lines and came to the Thirteenth 
Tennessee Cavalry, either at Nashville or Gallatin, 

We are glad to have our dear old friend and comrade, 
Captain Slimp, tell some of these revolting tragedies 
for us. He was in close proximity to the scenes where 
many of them were enacted and they bear upon them the 
stamp of truth, without any disposition to exaggerate. 
They are much like those we have told, and are such 
as may be heard from living and truthful witnesses all 
over, not only these two counties, but the whole of East- 
ern Tennessee. 


In this connection we may as well relate what we have 
obtained from another source but which has been verified 
by Capt. Slimp. concerning the death of Thomas Jordan, 
who was born and raised in Elizabethton, but who mar- 


ried a Johnson county lady and moved to that county not 
far from the place known as Pandora. He was a Union 
man and subject to conscription. One day he and his 
younger brother, Elbridge Jordan, were near the former's 
home; it was in the spring of 1865 and the war being 
virtually over, he ventured to his home, when a posse of 
soldiers (conscript hunters) came suddenly upon them. 
Thomas Jordan started to run up a hill and through some 
small growth in front of his house. The soldiers fired on 
him, killing him instantly. They went to where he fell and 
taking him by the legs dragged him down into his yard 
and rode off as if nothing unusual had happened. His 
wife and three small children were in sight, and probably 
witnesses to the horror. It is unnecessary to make any 
comments. These facts speak for themselves. The 
younger brother made no attempt to escape and was not 
molested. He was probably under the conscript age, or 
the elder Jordan may have had an enemy among the rebel 
citizens who took this method of revenge. A word was 
often sufficient spoken by an enemy to set the soldiery 
upon an innocent man, and cost him his life. 


"Next to the massacre in Limestone Cove, Carter 
county, in shocking cruelty, comes the shooting of James 
Taylor, a Federal recruiting officer who had ben captured 
and escaped from prison, and was trying to make his way 
to the Federal lines, and Samuel Tatem, and the hanging 
of two other Union- men at the same time and place — 
Alfred C. Kite and Alexander Rugger. The circum- 
stances were about as follows : 

"These men had made preparations to go through the 
lines and collected together in the hills on the Watauga 
river, near Fish Spring, but across the river from that 
place, on the Johnson county side, the river being the 
line between Johnson and Carter counties at that point. 
They had been detained there for several days on ac- 


count of the river being swollen. A company of rebel 
soldiers passing along the road on the opposite side of the 
river saw them, and crossing the river, surounded the 
hill where they were, and closing in, commenced firing 
on them. Taylor was killed first, and Tatem soon after- 
wards, the other three ran some distance before they were 
captured. Two of them were hanged with ropes the sol- 
diers had with them to get forage for their horses, the 
third, was released after the rope had been placed around 
his neck. It was said some worthless arms were found on 
some of them but it is not known that they made any at- 
tempt to use them. 

"This occurred in January, 1863, and the men en- 
gaged in it were Colonel Folk's men, assisted by the 
Johnson county 'home guards.' Many stories were re- 
lated in regard to this affair immediately after its occur- 
rence, some of them undoubtedly true, while others were 
at least exaggerated. The facts are bad enough and we 
do not wish to give them any false coloring. We have 
heard, on what seemed to be good authority, that Samuel 
Tatem, when shot, fell and remained perfectly still, feign- 
ing death, and that he was left for dead but finally recov- 
ered from his wound and was known as the 'dead 

"One incident related to us by Mrs. Allan C. Carriger, 
who with her husband, now resides near the scene of 
the tragedy, shows a degree of moral turpitude that 
would be almost incredible were it not \ouched for by 
this lady who is of unquestioned integrity. Alexander 
Dugger, one of the men who was hanged, was related to 
and had been raised by Mrs. Margaret Dugger, a widow, 
who owned the farm on which the killing and hang- 
ing were done. She was a highly respected old lady, was 
a land holder and had been a slave-owner. She belonged 
to a prominent family and was noted for her kind and 
charitable disposition and was loved and respected by all 
who knew her. The writer was the recipient of her 
motherly care when but a small boy, and knows whereof 
he speaks. At the time of the tragedv she was far ad- 


vanced in years, and was known as 'Aunt Peggy" Dugger. 
She was greatly attached to her foster son, Alex. When 
these soldiers got everything in readiness to hang him one 
of them rode down to her house only a short distance 
away and invited her 'to conic ami sec her Lincolnitc son 
hanged !' We forbear comment. 

'One other incident : We were told that Daniel Shuf- 
field, (afterwards a member of Co. G, Thirteenth Ten- 
nessee Cavalry) was captured with the others, and that 
the rope was placed around his neck when he was recog- 
nized by a young rebel home-guard, Martin Moore, of 
Johnson county, who had known him at some time, and 
Moore demanded his release. 

"One cannot help but think that if the crimes ( ?) for 
which these men gave up their lives was only such as 
might be set aside by a casual friend, or acquaintance, 
was it not a pity that the other four men had no rebel 
friend there ! 

Samuel McQueen, another prominent Johnson county 
rebel citizen, was killed by a squad of men in command of 
Captain Dan. Ellis, near the close of the war. 

Since writing the foregoing notice of the death of 
Samuel McQueen the following particulars of that tra- 
gedy ha\-e been made known to us, and coming from a 
trustworthy source will be of interest to our readers : 

"McQueen had been one of the most active of the John- 
son county 'home guards' and his name was associated 
with the killing of a number of Union men and when 
these two counties were finally occupied by the Federal 
forces in April. 1865, he left his home and crossed over 
nito Ashe county. North Carolina. It chanced that a 
Johnson county man who knew McQueen, and who was 
then a Federal soldier, was passing through the country 
and saw the latter and arrested him and brought him back 
to Johnson county and turned him over to a Federal offi- 
cer who was in command of colored troops. That officer 
told him if what he had learned of his cruelty to the Un- 
ion people was true he deserved hanging, but as the war 
was now about ended he would only send him to the jail 


tor the present. He placed McQueen in charge of a squad 
of colored soldiers and ordered them to take him to Tay- 
lorsville (Mountain City) and turn him over to the jailer. 
McQueen objected to being placed in charge of colored 
men and asked to be placed in charge of white soldiers. 
Capt. Dan. Ellis, who was at that time operating in John- 
son county with a small detachment of the Thirteenth 
Tennessee Cavalry, volunteered to take charge of him and 
conduct him to Taylorsville. Ellis had captured Mc- 
Queen at one time previous to this and told him he would 
release him then, but if he ever heard of him mistreating 
Union men again he would not fare so well the next time 
he fell into his hands. Ellis and his squad started with 
him to Taylorsville, on foot; they had not proceeded far 
when one of the guard named Hascue Worley, who was 
walking a few paces behind him, shot him in the back and 
it is said Sergt. W. M. Barry also shot him after he fell. 
He was killed instantly. Col. T. H. Reeves ordered the men 
who shot him placed under arrest, but we are not ad- 
vised whether or not they were punished. McQueen, we 
are informed, was at one time sheriff of Johnson county, 
and a prominent and highly respected citizen, but his zeal 
for the Southern cause had made him a most vindictive 
enemy to most of his former friends and neighbors, yet 
many of them expressed great indignation at the manner 
of his death. It is said that Worley, the man who shot 
him first, had been regarded as a rebel until he joined 
the Federal army in 1863." 

Besides the names of those whose deaths and the man- 
ner of them, we have endeavored to relate, we give 
an additional list of names of men who met violent deaths 
in Carter and Johnson counties during the Civil War. 
These we presume were killed for the same reasons and 
under similar circumstances as those already described, 
and we confess that we have little disposition to delve 
farther into the grave yards of the past with a view of 
uncovering and bringing to the light the skeletons of 
these martyrs though the cause for which the most of 
them died, if not a holy one. was at least a glorious one — 


the preservation of the American Union, which we be- 
lieve is, and is to be, the hope and beacon light of man- 
kind struggling to be free, and to enjoy the blessings of 
religious liberty, "from earth's remotest bounds." 

A Union man by the name of Cientry, a native of Car- 
ter county, and another, a stranger, were both killed otl 
the same day on Stony Creek. William Blevins was shot 
down near his home also on Stony Creek by Confederate 
soldiers. William Waugh, a prominent secessionist of 
Johnson county, was shot down at his home by Lafayette 

Green Moore was a prominent rebel citizen who lived 
in the 2d Civil District of Johnson county. He was killed 
by a man named Alvin Taylor, who, we are told, w^as 
at first a rebel, but later joined the unprincipled gang of 
robbers and murderers wdio infested the mountains to- 
ward the close of the war. 

Timothy Roark was a Union man who was killed by 
the rebels in the 3d Civil District of Johnson county. We 
are not advised as to the cause or manner of his death. 

Isaac Younce was an old man killed near the Walnut 
mountain by Captain Dozen's men in January, 1864. It 
is alleged he was first hanged to make him tell where the 
scouter's camps were, but either not knowing, or refusing 
to tell, he was finally killed and stripped of his clothing. 

Four other men were killed in the Limestone Cove by 
this same company in March, 1864. Their names were: 
John Campbell, Robert Dowdel and John and Eli Fry. 
It was said they were most cruelly and inhumanly treat- 
ed one of them, being run through with a bayonet and 
pinned to a tree and then shot. 

Andrew- Taylor, a well known citizen of Carter coun'y, 
a true Union man, was called out of a house where he 
was visiting and foully assassinated. 

One word more by way of apology for the discon- 
nected manner in which these stories have been told, and 
this for the benefit of the fastidious reader who may be 
partial to order and sequence in all things, and this chap- 
ter will be closed. 


Our time for gathering up and verifying these trage- 
dies was limited, and while we might have given more 
time to arranging them in consecutive order and less to 
their verification we have preferred to sacrifice the 
former to the latter, and present our readers with a chap- 
ter of facts that we have every reason to believe are such, 
than take the chances of substituting fiction even in a more 
polished and readable form. 

It was our design to give in this chapter a "brief out- 
line" of the tragedies that were enacted in Carter an 1 
Johnson counties during the civil war. We have only 
mentioned a sufficient number of them to show the state 
of feeling that existed at that time. We might continiic 
the recital of similar horrors until they would form a 
good sized book in themselves, but we assume that our 
readers, like ourselves, are satiated with these scenes of 
blood and will be more than pleased to consign the re- 
mainder to silence and oblivion, but we may remember 
that these are only a part of the terrible scenes that were 
enacted in two small counties of East Tennessee, and 
that similar tragedies were taking place at the same period 
all over the beautiful, historic but blood-stained moun- 
tains and valleys of the remaining twenty-nine counties 
of that devoted land. 



The Heroes and Heroines of Carter and Johnson Counties 
in the Civil War. 

We approach this subject with much distrust or our 
abihty to do justice to these people. We usually i^tak 
of a hero or heroine as some great or distinguished n^an 
or woman whose name is upon every lip, and whose praise 
is heard throughout the land, but there are other heroes 
and heroines whose praise has never been sung and whose 
names have never been honored. He or she who per- 
formed a brave deed for country's or humanity's sake, 
though unknown outside the neighborhood in which the 
deed was done, is as truly a hero or a heroine as though 
th whole world looked on and applauded the deed. The 
world is indebted for its advancement largely to the heroic 
deeds of men and women in the humble walks of life. 
The fame of the heroes of the past which has survived 
the destroying influences of time is due in a great meas- 
ure to the ability of their historians and the attractive 
manner in which the stories of their deeds have been told. 
Some have been perpetuated in song and poetry and em- 
bellished with the beautiful language of the poets, which 
has rendered them immortal. Who has not read "Paul 
Revere's Ride," immortalized by Longfellow? The Civil 
War produced many Paul Reveres in Carter and Johnson 
counties who, with flying steeds, rode through the dark- 
ness and storm, or with tireless limbs climbed the rugged 
mountain side to warn the hunted refugees of the ap- 
proach of the soldiers or Indians, but we have not the 
gift to tell their story as it should be told. We know 
of the happy contented people in these counties before the 
Civil War, but it would require a Goldsmith or Robert 
Burns to describe their happiness, their simple lives, their 
cheerful songs, their hospitality, their love of country 
and their faith in God. 


Again, we know that time and space as well as our 
inability to secure the names of all will compel us to omic 
many names that should be mentioned and fail to give 
extended notice of many others who are entitled to much 
honor and praise. But we give here many incidents and 
names that will recall to the memory of those still living 
who can remember the Civil War, some brave and noble 
men and women. We trust their names will be read in 
these pages long after the last survivors of the Civil War 
shall have passed away. 

Incidents that occurred in the vicinity of Elizabethtou: 
yth and 15th Civil Districts of Carter Co., Tenn. : 

This tov^•n, at the beginning of the Civil War, was a vil- 
lage of 300 or 400 inhabitants. It is situated near the 
confluence of the Doe and Watauga rivers. A channel 
for a race, known as Carter's race, has been made at the 
south end of the town leading a part of the water of Doe 
river along the base of the Lynn mountain on the east 
side of town and emptying into the Watauga river at the 
north end of town. The main part of Doe river making 
a bend some distance below where the race leaves it, also 
empties into the Watauga river a short distance west of 
the mouth of the race, thus forming an island containing 
an area of about 80 acres, on which all of the town was 
located then. The town did not cpver all the island at the 
time of the war, a large field at the north end of it being 
used for agricultural purposes. Since the war this has 
all been built up and the town extended to the w^est side 
of Doe river where there are now a number of manufac- 
turing plants, including a large saw mill, flouring mill 
and cotton mill, the Tennessee Line and Twine Works, 
chair factory and pants factory. The town has now 
(1902) a population of about 1500. 

On the north of the town is the Holston mountain, a 
beautiful range just far enough in the distance to make 
a lovely landscape, immediately to the east and extending 
to the edge of the town is the abrupt termination or "cut 
off" of the Lynn mountain rising to an altitude of several 
hundred feet. On the south are the Iron and [enkins 


mountains in the distance, while to the westward are un- 
dulating hills, glades and valleys. The altitude of the 
town is 1549 feet, the climate mild and healthy, the 
water pure and plentiful and the soil rich and fertile, 
while the scenery around is indescribably beautiful and 

When the war came the town and the fertile valleys 
extending many miles along the rivers above and below 
it were inhabited by a class of people, many of whom were 
well educated and well-to-do in the world, some of them 
slave-holders. The people were more divided in senti- 
ment here than in any other part of the county. Yet a 
large majority of them remained loyal to the Union, 
among whom were some of the largest land and slave- 
owners, and those who were highly educated and among 
the most prominent and leading citizens. Such were the 
people and surroundings, among whom, and where many 
of the incidents we are about to relate occurred. 


The first Confederate flas;-, as far as we know, ever 
publicly displayed in Elizabethton was brought there by 
William J. Stover, an enthusiastic young Secessionist, 
who lived on the Watauga river, four miles east of the 
town. At that time George \^^ Ryan had a blacksmith 
shop on the street leading past what is now known as the 
Snyder House, and on past the Duffield Academy. Young 
Stover came into town with the flag and when he reached 
Ryan's shop, the latter halted him and told him he could 
not take that flag any further into town. Stover told him 
he was on his way to Zollicoffer and was only going- 
through that street. He went on as far as Main street 
and turned south and went beyond the public square, wav- 
ing the flag and shouting for Jeff. Davis. Ryan met him 
near the corner where Mrs. Doctor Cameron now lives 
as he was returning and began throwing stones at him. 
Stover turned out that street and ran into a wood-pile 
w^here his horse fell with him, but he finally made his es- 
cape closely pursued out of town by Ryan. 



After the Carter county rebellion the arrests of Union 
men were so frequent that notwithstanding the prisoners 
were sent on to Knoxville as rapidly as possible the jail 
at Elizabethton would not hold them, and it often became 
necessary to keep them under guard. William M. Grour- 
ley, Andrew C. Fondren, Lawson F. Hyder and Isaac 
Ellis were captured a day or two before Christmas in 
1 86 1. The two former were reported as bridge-burners 
and it was said they were to be shot on Christmas day. 
The following plan was devised for their escape : Some 
of the Union girls arranged to have a party at the home 
of William Hawkins on Christmas Eve and invited the 
rebel guards and other rebel soldiers to attend. The 
guards were also invited to the home of James Perry, a 
Union man, who lived near town, for supper. Perry had 
provided some good apple brandy to treat them, hoping 
to get them intoxicated so the prisoners could get away. 
The guards and prisoners ate supper and drank together 
and then went to Hawkins' to the party, where Wm. 
Hawkins and William Shell again treated them to liquor. 
They were feeling pretty merry by this time and the girls 
invited them to engage in a play or dance called ''Weavily 
Wheat." The guards and prisoners all joined in the play 
except William Gourley. It was understood that he w-as 
to be on the watch and give the signal when to make a 
break for liberty. Finally the prisoners and girls com- 
menced singing at the top of their voices and coming 
down on the floor with their feet with a vengeance; Gour- 
ley managed to touch the other prisoners and make a 
break for the door, the others following. The guards were 
pretty drunk by this time and the girls kept up the sing- 
ing and dancing so they did not catch on to the scheme un- 
til three of the prisoners had got out into the darkness and 
were soon safe on the Lynn mountain. The third man, 
Ellis, did not get away but he was not an important pris- 
oner and managed to make his escape the next day. 


The girls engaged in this affair, as well as can be re- 
membered now, were': Misses Sarah Folsom, Eliza 
O'Brien, Margaret and Lydia Barker, Jennie Garrison, 
Politha and Hester Heatherly and Loyette HiltoiL 


A tall rtag-pole was erected near the sunthwest corner 
of the public .square in Elizabethton in 1861, and the Na- 
tional Hag floated on it until after the Carter county re- 
bellion in November of that year. When the Confederate 
troops came to that place November 17, 1861, after dis- 
persing the Union men at Doe River Cove, they cut the 
pole down and tore up the National flag. The same pole 
was raised in the center of the public square and a Con- 
federate flag hoisted. Though martial law had been pro- 
claimed, a Provost Marshal appointed and Confederate 
troops stationed in the town, Charles Gourley and W. G. 
Merideth, two brave Union men, w^atched an opportunity 
and cut the pole down one night and carried off the Con- 
fedrate flag. The next day L. W. Fletcher, another 
Union man, finding the soldiers out of town, cut the pole 
up and remarked that he w^as g'oing to make it into rails 
"and fence in the Southern Confederacv." 


Dr. Singletary was the son of Rev. John Singletary, a 
well-knowai and highly respected Methodist minister of 
Elizabethton who died December 5. i860. Dr. Single- 
tary was raised in Elizabethton, studied medicine there 
and practiced medicine in Carter county for many years. 
He moved to Arkansas in 1859. The rebel sentiment 
was strong in the locality where he lived, but the few 
Union men there. Dr. Singletary among others, held se- 
cret meetings to discuss plans for their safety. They 
were arrested, chained together and taken to Georgia and 
forced to join the army. He finally got a iX)sition as 


Surgeon in the Confederate army. Later he got a fur- 
lough to visit his mother at EHzabethton, who had been 
aji invahd for many ears. When his furlough expired 
he scouted in the mountdins with the Union men, render- 
ing much assistance to those who were sick, ^^'hen the 
Federal soldiers came in he came to EHzabethton to re- 
main with his invalid mother. The troops fell back and 
before he was aware of it the town w^as full of rebel sol- 
diers. He made his escape dressed in woman's apparel 
and made his w^ay to Knoxville. 

Dr. Singletary died at his home at Sulphur Springs,. 
Ark., May 9, 1894. 


Mr. Cameron was a native of Carter county, Tenn.,. 
having been born and raised in EHzabethton. His father, 
Jacob Cameron, who died a few years before the com- 
mencement of the Civil War, was a prominent and highly 
respected citizen, and was also a slave owner. His mother, 
Mrs. Jane Cameron, owned slaves when the war began, 
but her three sons, Lafayette, Dr. James M. and John W. 
Cameron, were all enthusiastic Union men. 

Lafayette Cameron was a merchant in EHzabethton at 
the beginning of the war and his place of business was 
the resort of leading Union men where they met to con- 
sult about the state of affairs and lay plans for their 
mutual protection. The plans for the burning of the 
Zollicoffer bridge were discussed there by Col. Stover 
and- others, and j\Ir. Cameron took an active part in their 
execution, being one of the men who put the torch to the 
bridge. He was also one of the parties recognized by 
Jenkins, the bridge guard. Mr. Cameron not being a 
man of a rugged constitution, and being unused to the 
cold and exposure which his situation at that time neces- 
sitated, fell a victim to consumption and died at the home 
of Mr. Smitherman, a loyal man and a friend of Mr. 
Cameron who resided in what was then the Limestone 
Cove in Carter countv. Tenn. 

(See page 309.) 

. u 

PL, w 




Though a very young man F. S. Singletary was a 
member of the Greeneville Union Convention, partici- 
pated in the Carter county rebelHon and was an officer in 
the 4th Tennessee Infantry. After the war he represented 
Carter county in the General Assembly uf the State. He 
moved to Kansas in 1877; was elected County Attorney 
of Osage county and at the time of his death, which oc- 
curred at his home in Linden, Kan., May 4, 1881, he was 
a prominent lawyer and politician. We make special 
mention of the Singletarys because they were loyal men 
and were at one time honored citizens of Elizabethton. 
and because, in the death of Thomas Singletary, of Yancy 
county, N. C, in February, 1899, the only son of Dr. W. 
C. Singletary, the last male citizen bearing that name, 
passed away. 

Col. N. G. Taylor and Rev. \V. B. Carter were orators 
of a high order and became well known from their promi- 
nence throughout the State and Nation : the latter figure-^ 
prominently in our history of the bridge-burning. Dr. 
Abram Jobe has been prominently mentioned in that con- 
nection as well as Col. Daniel Stover. Hon. Abraham 
Tipton and Charles P. Toncray were active members of 
both the Knoxville and Greeneville conventions. Hon. 
Albert J. Tipton and Hon. Hamilton C. Smith were 
among the most active and influential advisers and pro- 
moters of the Union cause, and were two of the men held 
as hostages when Elbridge Tipton was abducted by the 
Heatherlys. Rev. J. H. Hyder wielded a large influence 
as a citizen and an educated minister of the Gospel; he 
was unfaltering in his devotion to the Union, and untir- 
ing in his efforts to aid and befriend the Union people. 
Benjamin F. Treadway, M. L. Cameron, James P. Scott, 
B. M. G. O'Brien and John F. Burrow, as has been noted 
elsewhere, were among the brave men "that took their 
lives in their hands" to aid the Government by burning 
the Zollicoffer bridge, they were in the Carter county re- 
bellion and active in all the adventures of the period. 


O'Brien was afterwards a citizen-aide on the staff of Gen. 
S. P. Carter, Peter W. Emmert and James P. Tipton were 
two other ministers who gave their means and influence 
to the cause. \V. R. Fitzsimmons, though a most retired 
citizen, gave his sympathy and aid, and the benefit of a 
cultured mind, to the Union cause, though he was an ex- 
tensive slave-owner for this section of country. Jas. I. 
R. Boyd was prominent in the Carter county rebellion and 
afterwards a gallant officer in the army. Other men who 
deserve notice in this vicinity for their devotion to the 
Union cause, for their suffering and heroism, and for 
lending- a helping hand to refugees and scouters were : 
Alfred M. Taylor, James Perry, D. P. Wilcox, John M. 
Smith, John J. Edens, William J. Folsom, John Helton, 
Jr., Col. J. G. Fellers, H. C. Beasley, William Burrow, 
Samuel Angel, James J. Angel, Abram Hart, Leander 
Hatcher, John C. Scott, Findley Smith, J. D. Smith, Wil- 
liam Colbough, W'illiams Cass, William P. Badgett, John 
Aldridge, Henderson Roberts. William Hawkins, James 
Holly and David Holly, his son, Samuel O'Brien, 
Samuel Tipton, Richard Douthat, Thomas C. Johnson, 
William Shell (conscripted finally and served in the Con- 
fedrate army), James and Jobe Newton, Nicholas Car- 
riger and Theophilus H. Roberts, William J. and A. R. P. 
Toncray, L. F. and A. J. Hyder, John Roberts, William 
Dawson, David A. Taylor, William Ryan, Harrison H. 
Price, William J. Jordan, William Marsh. 

Many of the above-named men for various reasons did 
not join the army, but each one of them braved the dangers 
of the hour ; some were captured and imprisoned, others 
were refugees at different inies ; all were heroes and each 
performed his duty to his country and to humanity ; some 
befriending and sharing their means with the hnngrv and 
starving; piloting refugees and escaped prisoners to Dan. 
Ellis, to be taken through the lines. All risked their lives 
and suffered in many ways for the cause they loved. 

John Helton, Jr., was the gallant Captain of cavalry 
in the Carter county rebellion. He took fever and died in 
July, 1863. 

Findley Smith was captured and died in prisnii. 


Among the older men who though advanced in years 
were the main-stay and support of the brave women and 
the children and the sick and helpless, especially in the last 
years of the war, and who were brave and fearless and 
true to their country were : James L. Bradley, Mathias 
Keen, Joseph Taylor, Joseph O'Brien, Pleasant Williams 
(Doe River), Samuel Patterson, John Minor, Jackson 
Jordan, Thomas Gourley, John Helton, Sr., John Crum- 
ley, Isaac Miller. Upon these men devolved the duty of 
caring for and protecting as far as they could the women 
and children, looking after the business interests of their 
absent sons or relatives and caring for their property, at- 
tending to the farms, aiding the sick and burying the 


We give the names of some of the noble women in the 
two counties of Carter and Johnson, and only regret we 
can not follow them, one and all, as they went through the 
fiery ordeal of the Civil War, facing every danger, toiling 
and praying for the loved ones, dispensing love and sun- 
shine in their pathway. Their names should be written 
in letters of gold on imperishable parchment, or engraven 
on enduring metal that time cannot efface. They heard 
the roar of cannon and the rattle of musketry that told of 
battle and death. Thev witnessed bloody tragedies. They 
saw- their loved ones imprisoned. They saw them brought 
home dead. They heard the tramp of armed men and 
the clanking of arms and the shouts of soldiers and the 
groans of the dying. They witnessed the cruelties of 
civil w^ar in all its horrors and hideousness. They saw 
the dead bodies of men wdio had been hung or shot, some- 
times their own friends or relatives, and yet they lived 
through it all. They were familiar with danger and 
strangers to fear. They went out into the darkness and 
storm to aid the suffering. They ventured into dangers 
from which biave men recoiled. They seemed to require 
no rest but were alwavs on the alert'. Thev waited on 


the sick, dressed the \YOunds of those who had been shot 
and sometimes had to bury the dead with their own hands. 
They cooked and fed Union men who were in hiding and 
men who had escaped from prison, often piloting them 
to places of safety. Among those who received the care 
and hospitality of the loyal w^omen of these counties were 
Albert D. Richardson, the gifted war correspondent of 
the "New York Tribune" and author of "The Field, Dun- 
geon and Escape," and Junius Henri Browne, the brilliant 
war correspondent of the "New York Herald." 

We give first the names of those who lived at Eliza- 
bethton and in that vicinity : Mrs. Elizabeth and Evaline 
Carter, Mrs. Emma Taylor, Mrs. Sophronia Jobe, Mrs. 
Mary Stover, Mrs. Catherine Tipton, Mrs. Susan Fellers, 
Mrs. Edna Edens, ]\Irs. Joanna Tipton, Mrs. Jane Cam- 
eron, Mrs. Mary Ann Singletary, Mrs. Eliza Cameron, 
Mrs. Laura Cameron, Mrs. Margaret Toncray, Mrs. 
Martha Tipton, ]\Irs. Nancy Johnson, Mrs. Catherine Pat- 
terson, Mrs. Elizabeth Bradley, Mrs. Martha G. Angel, 
Mrs. Matilda Burrow, Mrs. Jane J. Scott, Mrs. Eliza 
Hawkins, Mrs. Mary Burrow. Mrs. Elizabeth Ryan, Mrs. 
Elizabeth Smith, Mrs. Nancy Barker, Mrs. Martha Perry, 
Mrs. Mary Hart, Mrs. Nancy Roberts, Mrs. Elizabeth 
Hyder, Mrs. Emily Collins, Mrs. Martha Hatcher, Mrs. 
Rosanna Taylor, Mrs. Margaret Toncray, Mrs. Marv 
Cameron, Mrs. Margaret Jobe, Mrs. Hester Williams, 
Mrs. Sarah Keen, Mrs. Susan Beasley, Mrs. Nancy Tip- 
ton, Mrs. Matilda Wilcox, Mrs. Evalme Treadway, Mrs. 
Lucy Wilcox, Mrs. Lucy Turner, Mrs. Janes Minor, Mrs. 
Timanda Badgett, Mrs. Dorcas Gourley, Mrs. Mary Hil- 
ton, Mrs. Eliza Douthat, Mrs. Mary Angel, Mrs. William 
Cass, and Misses Mary and Eva Taylor, Miss Sarah Fol- 
som, Miss Eliza O'Brien, Miss Emma Jobe, Miss Lizzie 
Cameron, Misses Margaret and Lydia Barker. Miss Mary 
George, Misses Seraphina, Ann M. and Addie Johnson. 
Misses Agnes, Elmira and Latitia RobertSr Misses Po- 
litha and Hester Heatherly, Miss Mattie Tipton, Misses 
Cordelia and Amanda Hyder. Misses Susan and Mary 
Angel. Miss Alice Angel, Miss Cordelia Bradley, Mis^ 


Jennie Garrison, Misses Sue and Sallie Smith, Miss Mary 
R. Toncray, Miss Emma Roberts, Miss Emma Burrow. 
These ladies, old and young, performed deeds 
which, had they been done in ordinar}- times, would have 
won for them great honor and distinction, l)ut in those 
perilous times brave deeds were done and little notice 
taken of them. It has been truly said of woman that she 
is timid and often shrinks from trivial or imaginary 
danger, but when confronted with great peril she rises 
to the occasion and displays the greatest courage and 
heroism. In the Civil War they were the sentinels on tlie 
watch-tower when every hour was fraught with danger 
and dread. Midnight, as well as midday, found them 
at their post, ready at the approach of danger to rush to 
the rescue of father, brother or friend, whether in the 
tlarkness of the night, the raging storm or in the face of 
a relentless enemy. They never deserted the side of a 
father, brother or friend, no odds how great the threatened 
danger, but clung the closer to him. If we could but 
relate the stories or picture the scenes they passed through 
they would startle those who have known women only in 
time of peace. Imagine a hunted refugee, pursued by 
soldiers or Indians, taking refuge in a house whose on'y 
tenant is a woman — her husband or sons not darinr to 
remain at home — the pursuers follow the refugee into 
the house, demand in angry tones and with guns in their 
hands to know where the man is hidden. Does she quail 
before them and scream and point out the trembling vic- 
tim to be dragged off to prison or death? You answer 
yes, what else could she do? She is but a woman. But 
he is her neighbor's boy, a youth, not long ago a mere boy 
— she knows him well. She calmly faces the men ar.d 
tells them the boy passed through the house. She .says 
to them with the greatest carelessness of manner, "Don"t 
you see he is not in here?" They pass on through and 
search the barn and out-houses, and when they are gone 
the boy is hidden more securely to await a chance to escape. 
Re was behind the door and the lady kept between him 
and the soldiers and her cool indifferent manner deceived 


them, and so she saved her neighbor's son. Was she not 
a heroine ? Nor is this story a romance. Captain S. H. 
Hendrix was the youth, and Mrs. Christina Scott, of 
Turkey Town then, (now we trust a saint in heaven), 
was tlie lady. 

Ilhistrative of woman's courage in the hour of danger 
we will relate an incident witnessed by ourselves, and the 
lady (lately deceased) was born and raised at Elizabeth- 
ton, and her name is familiar to many people there now. 
Before it was quite daylight on the morning of Decem- 
ber 20th, 1864, the Thirteenth Tennessee Cavalry charged 
into the town of Marion, Va., and got mixed up with the 
enemy in the darkness. Bullets were whistling through 
the streets, sabres were clashing, and soldiers were fight- 
ing and dead bodies lying in the streets. Some soldiers 
had, or were attempting to set fire to a building. A lady 
was pleading with them not to burn it. One of the offi- 
cers recognizing her voice rode up to her, and making 
himself known, told her peremptorily that she must leave 
there or she would be killed. The lady was Miss Mary 
Johnson, and she was trying to save the home of a friend 
and seemed utterly oblivious of her own danger. 


Samuel Angel was a well known and highly respected 
citizen of Elizabethton. He was a Union man and had 
two sons, Adjutant S. P. and James R. Angel in the Thir- 
teenth Tennessee Ca^'a]ry. A few days before the killing 
of Reese and Benjamin Bowers (about September, 1863,) 
the Johnson county home-guards came down in the vicin- 
ity of Elizabethton on a marauding and murdering ex- 
pedition. Two of them went to the home of Mr. Angel 
one Sunday evening and asked for supper. The two 
y(3ung daughters. Susan and Mary, got their supper and 
treated them pleasantly as they could. Unfortunatelv 
they made Rio, instead of rye coffee that was in common 
use at that time. This gave them a hint that the sons had 
])robably sent the coffee home, and perhaps other things to 
the family, knowing they were in the army. 


The next evening, after dark, two men (supposed to be 
the same ones) came back and called Mr. Angel out of the 
house. When he came out they took hold of him in a 
rough manner, called him a Lincolnite and told him they 
wanted his money. They tired off their pistols to intimi- 
date him and frighten the family av^'ay so they could 
rob the house of anything valuable it might contain. In 
the scuffle with the men Angel managed to get his pocket- 
book out of his pocket and drop it on the ground, but it 
being dark they did not see it. Finding no money on his 
person they let him loose. 

Angel was a man of courage and not easily intimi- 
dated. He ran into the house and got his gun and fired 
at the men, but it being dark missed them. They left 
hurriedly l)ut came back with more men, and went into 
the house and rifled the drawers, taking coffee, sugar and 
everything they could find, including the clothing of Mrs. 
Angel who had recently died. In the meantime the family 
had left the house and Mr. Angel ran down the street to 
try to get protection from the rebel citizens, some of whom 
were closely related to him. He was seen running by 
another one of this gang, who raised his gun to shoot 
him, but was prevented from doing so by William G. 
Bowers, who was a rebel soldier (having been con- 
scripted), but who knew Mr. Angel to be a peaceable man 
and a good citizen. 

A number of rebel citizens, including James A. Bur- 
row, brother-in-law of Angel, Geo. W. and H. M. Folsom 
and Dr. H. T. Berry went to Angel's hf)use and told the 
family they should be protected. They also had the cloth- 
ing that had been taken away returned. Mr. Angel 
thought best to keep out of the way until the excitement 

The children, six in number, including Gary Jordan, a 
grand-child, came back to the house that^iight. ' The two 
girls were the oldest, the others were boys ranging in 
age from six to fifteen years. Some of the neighbors 
came in to remain with them durine the night. About 
midnight two of the men came back to the house and 


asked if Mr. Angel was there. They came in and sat 
down and told the girls they were going to burn the house 
the next morning. While they were there Mr. Angel 
came into an adjoining room and set his gun down, but 
discovered that some men were there before they dis- 
covered him, and left the house without the men knowing- 
he was there. It is probable they had come to kill him 
and would have done so had they found him. 

At the time of Mrs. Angel's death, July 20, 1863, 
guards were placed around the house hoping to capture 
the sons who it was thought would try to get home to take 
a last look at their dead mother ! 

Besides the sorrow brought to this family by the Civil 
War, death made two sad inroads into it, taking first the 
mother, Mrs. Martha Angel, July 20, 1863, and then a 
sister, Mrs. Ann M. Ellis, wife of Captain John W. Ellis, 
in June, 1865. 

Mrs. Mary A. Singletary was a most highly respected 
widow lady who lived at Elizabethton at the time of the 
Civil War. She had a son, Lieut. F. S. Singletary, in 
the Federal army, and also a son-in-law, George W. 
Ryan. Mrs. Ryan moved into the house with her mother 
in the absence of her husband. 

At one time a rebel ofiicer with a squad of soldiers came 
to the house in search of the son. who he heard had been 
seen at home. These men usually looked out for coffee, 
sugar or any other valuables they might "confiscate," for 
the property of Union people at that time was considered 
a lawful prize to whatever marauder could find it first. On 
this occasion Mrs. Singletary had a quantity of coffee 
stored in a closet under the stairway. They told the 
member of the family who was piloting them through the 
house to open the closet ; this was done with the remark, 
"You are welcome to all you can find in there." This 
threw them off their guard and they did not find the 

They looked up the chimney to see what they could find 
there. Mrs. Singletary's young granddaughter told the 
officer she never heard of but one man hiding up the chim- 


ney and he was a rebel. She added, "Union men have 
^'Ot too much sense to do that." 

At another time a rebel officer who desired to punish 
]\'Irs. Ryan because her husband had gone to the Federal 
army came and told Mrs. Singletary that if she did not 
throw her daughter's plunder out into the street he would 
burn the house down over her head. She told him he 
would have to burn it then. She said : "I cannot turn my 
daughter and her little children out of my house; if we 
have to suffer we will all suffer together." These were 
brave words, and even the officer was seemingly touched 
bv them as the house was not burned. 


This place is now known as Valley Forge, and is on the 
Doe River, three miles south of Elizabethton. Near this 
place was the home of Daniel Ellis, the noted pilot. It 
was near this place the men would meet before starting 
together on the long and perilous trip across the moun- 
tains and rivers to where they hoped to reach a place of 
safety and freedouL 


We will relate an incident that occurred near \'alley 
Forge, illustrating the heroism displayed by a young lady. 

At one time a company of Morgan's men were sta- 
tioned at Elizabethton. They often got meals and feed 
for their horses at the homes of the Union people. These 
men, as a rule, were more gentlemanly and treated the 
Union people more kindly than other rebel soldiers that 
were stationed there had done, and in turn the people 
treated them better. One of them had frequently stopped 
at the home of James G. Smith, a well-known Union man 
who lived near Valley Forge. He became well acquainted 


with Mr. Smith's family and knowing they were loyat 
people confided to them that he w-as not at heart a rebel ; 
that he believed the Union cause was right, and if he 
could get with Dan. Ellis he would leave the Confederate 
army and go through the lines. At first Mr. Smith was 
not disposed to trust him but he appeared so honest and 
manly he gained his confidence and finally told him if he 
was sincere in the matter he would assist him any way he 

Soon after this the man came to Smith's house and 
said he had left his command and wanted to be shown to 
Ellis or find some place where he could conceal himself 
from his late comrades until Ellis could take him through 
the lines. It happened that it was known to Smith that 
Ellis was a few miles from there w-ith a company of men 
ready to start through the lines. But he could not direct 
the man so that he could find Ellis alone, besides being a 
stranger to them it would not be safe to go there by him- 
self. The night was dark and stormy, and Smith, who 
was advanced in years, did not feel able to go with him 
and there was no other boy or man on the place. The 
man knowing that he was liable to be missed and followed 
at any moment showed much uneasiness and expressed 
great regret that he had no one to take him. At this 
juncture one of Mr. Smith's daughters. Miss Margaret, 
who was familiar with every road and bridle-path in the 
neighborhood volunteered to act as his guide. Mounting- 
one of her father's horses she led the way through the 
darkness and rain, over the hills and through the woods 
she conducted the man safely to Ellis and returned to her 
home alone. Thus this brave girl aided the Union cause 
by taking from the Confederate army an unwilling soldier,, 
and in all probability he joined the other side. 

The women in this locality were often called upon to 
prepare rations for large companies of men, enough to 
last them several days. Often a single family would cook 
and prepare five days' rations for as many as ten or fifteen 
men. They would send to them baskets full of boiled 
ham, bread, pies and vegetables. This they did cheer- 
fully and without pay. 


We give the names of those we remember who Hved in 
the vicinity of Valley Forge during the Civil War, and 
there is not one among them who did not aid to his utmost 
the cause of the Union, or would not brave any dangers 
to succor the conscripts and refugees : William X. 
O'Brien, James G. Smith, John C. and Robert A. Smith, 
Abram and Elijah Hathaway, John Bayless, Elbert 
Range, David S. Hilton, James Garrison, Alfred Wil- 
liams, John Grindstafif, James and Joseph Hyder, Wiley 
Ellis, James McCathern, Virgil Morris, Elisha Collins, Eli 
Fletcher, Mordicai Williams, Brownlow Fair, Chris, Sim- 
erly, Jehu Humphreys. We give here the name of 
some of the wives and daughters of these men, each of 
whom did many heroic deeds like the one we have nar- 
rated, had we time and space to tell them : Mrs. 
Elizabeth and Mrs. Rosanna Smith, Mrs. Ann O'Brien. 
Mrs. Martha Ellis, Mrs. Hannah Garrison, Mrs, Sarah 
Bayless, Mrs. Celia Humphreys, j\Irs. Jane Hathaway, 
Mrs. Margaret and Eliza Jane Hyder, Mrs. Louisa Camp- 
bell, Mrs. Nora Williams, Mrs. Vina Fletcher, Mrs. Eliza 
Humphrey, Mrs. Ollie Hilton, Mrs. Hugh Jenkins, Mrs. 
Salina Collins, Mrs. Sabina Grindstaff. and Misses Mary, 
Caroline and Margaret Smith, Miss Minerva Ellis, Misses 
Rebecca, Alpha and Sarah McCathern, Miss Jane 
O'Brien, Miss Ann Barnes. 

Francis Humphrey, a young son of Young Humphrey 
(the latter died while a member of Companv A. Thir- 
teenth Tennesse Cavalry), kept a boat near O'Brien's 
Forge for the purpose of taking Union men and refugees 
across Doe River as they passed back and forth at night 
to see Dan. Ellis. Though a mere lx)y then he was im- 
plicitly trusted by Ellis and all the Union people. He 
now lives near JefTerson City, Tenn. 



The entire country along the East Tennessee and West- 
ern North Carohna Railroad from what is now known as 
Crab Orchard Station in Carter county to the North Caro- 
lina line southeast of Shell Creek was known as the Crab 
Orchard during the Civil War. This is for the most 
part a rugged country, but presents most magnificent scen- 
ery. There is a place on this narrow-gauge road called 
the "Gorge" that is the wonder of travelers now, it was 
often the retreat of refugees in those days, but now the 
little engine pursues a steep, narrow and tortuous track 
through the tunnels and along the moutain side wdiere 
naked cliffs rise perpendicularly for hundreds of feet, and 
the little river (Doe) tumbles along among the large 
boulders far below. The scenery is said by experienced 
travelers to equal in grandeur that of any ever seen, 
though not as extensive and imposing as at some places 
they have been. Here the Roan Mountain rises in ma- 
jestic grandeur to an altitude of 6394 feet, and upon its 
summit is built a summer hotel known as "Cloudland," 
which is said to be "the highest human habitation east of 
the Rocky Mountains." In the valleys of the mountains 
along the Doe river are fertile coves where many prosper- 
ous faVmers dwelt before the war. When the w^ar came 
the mountains were a favorite hiding place for escaped 
prisoners, conscripts and refugees. Finding it difficult to 
find these men the Confederate authorities conceived the 
idea of bringing into these mountains some ignorant and 
half-civilized Indians, belonging to an organization known 
as Thomas' Legion, from Cherokee county, N. C. Indians 
were alw^ays noted for cruelty and cunning and for their 
ability to move stealthily through the woods and come 
imawares upon an enemy. So many stories had been told 
of their cruelty and savage character that it was sup- 
posed the very name of Indians would strike terror to the 


conscripts and induce them to come in and give them- 
selves up. They were brought into Carter county about 
the month of May, 1863, and were in command of Cap- 
tain Walters, from Georgia, who had command of two or 
three companies of white Confederate cavalry besides one 
or two companies of Indians, the latter being directed or 
commanded by Lieut. R. P. Tipton, of Carter county, 
during the time this force was engaged in conscript hunt- 
ing. In justice to the latter officer, Lieut. Tipton, who 
met a tragic fate afterwards at the hands of the Heath- 
erly's we have been told he did not approve of all the 
harsh measures of Walters' towards the Union people. 
Starting out from Elizabethton this company had 
reached a point about six miles from what is now Roan 
Mountain Station when a widow by the name of 
Hannah Wilson, who was a brave Union woman, had 
started in the direction of Elizabethton on horseback, saw 
the Indians coming and knowing there were many Union 
men in hiding near Roan Mountain she wheeled her horse 
in the road, and the better to keep her seat on the horse 
adjusted herself on him man-fashion or astride, and lay- 
ing whip soon spread the news of the approach of the In- 
dians for miles around, and no doubt saved many Union 
men from being captured. 

A young man named Noah Cade, who ^\as raised by 
Jesse White, and who had been captured by them made 
his escape in the following manner : They were at 
White's house and had ordered Mrs. Lottie White to pre- 
pare them something to eat. It was late in the evening 
and Mrs. White said to the young man in the presence 
of the officer : "Run up on the hill and bring the cows, I 
will have to have some milk." He was afraid to leave 
his guard, and she said : "Don't you hear the bell, go on." 
The boy started and the officer supposing he would be 
back in a few minutes with the cows let him go. She 
managed to speak to him at the back of the house and told 
him not to return. The officer was highly enraged, but 
the young man joined the 3d North Carolina (Union) 
Regiment and made a brave soldier. 


These Indians were taken into every part of Johnson 
and Carter counties and spread terror and dismay 
wherever they went, especially among the women who 
had no protection, and who had heard so many stories of 
their cruelty. But they were too ignorant to know for 
what purpose they were being used and later in the war 
they joined the Federal army and were employed by Col. 
Kirk to frighten and harass the people who had first em- 
ployed them. Another instance of evil deeds coming 
home to haunt and terrify their authors. 

The following is a list of the brave men and women 
who resided in the Crab Orchard during the Civil War, as 
far as we can obtain them, and performed countless deeds 
of humanity and heroism and who suffered untold agony 
and anxiety, suffering and destitution for their country : 
James Julian and wife, Jesse S. and Lottie White, John 
Lacy and wife, Jacob and Nancy Perkins, Emaline Cara- 
way and Hannah Wilson (widows), Hamilton and Ema- 
line Ray, Andrew Buck and Mrs. Buck, George and Sarah 
Snyder, John K. and Ann Smith, Russell and Mary 
Cordell, David and Lorena Stout. Wright and Mary 
Moreland, Elijah and Lorena Smith, James and Ann Orr, 
Francis and Jane Hampton, Nathaniel Simerly and wife, 
Absalom Miller and wife, William and David Simerly, 
James Holly and wife. 

Andrew Buck was taken out and hanged until he was 
black in the face by ^^^alters to make him tell where his 
sons w^ere concealed. 


The town of Hampton, Tenn., situated six miles south 
of Elizabethton, Tenn., was known during the Civil War 
as Doe River Cove. There were many clever and well- 
to-do people in this neighborhood and all were loyal to the 
Union as far as we can remember. It w as the home of 


Elijah Simeiiy, who served scNerai terms as Sheriff of 
the county before the war and ligured prominently in the 
bridge burning- and the Carter county rebelHon. lie was 
also prominent after the war, being connected with the 
building of a railroad and other business enterprises. 
Other true and loyal men in this locality were : L. \V. 
Hampton, Thomas Badgett, Alfred Campbell, Hon. John 
\V. Hyder, Michael (irindstaff, A. J. Campbell, William 
Campbell, John Justice, Elkana Hoss, George and David 
Morton, Moses and Nicholas Johnson, Green Walker, 
Ambrose Mcintosh, Melvin Goodwin, Noten, Zachariah 
and William Campbell, Oliver Hall, Johnson Hampton, 
Henry Simerly (moved to the nth District during the 
war), Joseph and Solomon Turner, Richard Lacy, N. T. 
Badgett, Ezekiel Mcintosh, Fielding Mcintosh and David 
Mcintosh. John Simerly, Carter and Z. T. Campbell (the 
two latter I'^ederal soldiers). These men were all zealous 
Union men and went through all the dangers, hardships 
and privations that fell to the lot of loyalists in these coun- 
ties. They shared their means with liberality w'ith those 
in need, they risked their lives to protect the helpless and 
performed the ])art of brave and loyal men. 

The women whose names should be honored for all 
time, and of whom it may be truthfully said : "There were 
none more brave, generous and self-sacrificing" were: 
Mrs. Mary Simerly, Mrs. Sallie Lacy, Mrs. Margaret 
Hampton, Mrs. Harriet Badgett, Miss Mary Ann Hamp- 
ton, Mrs. Vina Hyder, Mrs. Nancy James, I\Irs. Jane 
Johnson, Mrs. Martha Walker, Mrs. Mary Johnson, Mrs. 
Matilda Badgett. Mrs. Sophia Jackson (widow), Mrs. 
Rachel Justice, Mrs. Adaline Morton, Mrs. Henry Sim- 
erly, Mrs. Jane Hall, Mrs. Elizabeth West (widow), and 
Miss Eliza Badgett, Misses Sarah, Matilda and Mary 
Campbell, Misses Mary, Martha and Emma Hyder, Miss 
Harriet Turner, Miss Mary Grindstafif, Mrs. Susana 
Campbell, Miss Caroline Grindstafif. 



This is the name of a post office on Elk creek in the 
southeastern part of Carter county. It is in the vicinity 
of the Pond Mountain. During the Civil War, as now, 
there were fertile farms along the banks of this stream 
and in the coves, and the people were reasonably prosper- 
ous. As in other sections of the coimty they were loyal 
to the Union. Being near the mountain and secluded it 
was the rendezvous for a large number of refugees during 
the war. It \\as the scene of a number of adventures and 

The following are the names of some of the residents 
ot the vicinity of Elk Mill and near Elk Creek during the 
time of the war : Richard C. White, Washington White, 
George Shuffield, John L. Stout, James Whitehead, Isaac 
and Amos Green, John Stout, John Kinnick, James 
Hately, Granville W. Stout, Columbus Wolf, George 
Blevins, John Cable, William Lewis, Thomas Whitehead 
and John C. Shuffield. 

The women in this locality whose names we give were 
called upon to witness some revolting tragedies and to 
perform many acts of kindness and pass many sleepless 
nights and toilsome days feeding the helpless wanderers 
from home, administering to the sick or wounded, secret- 
ing the hunted and burying the dead. Women and aged 
men performed these offices of humanity with love and 
tenderness, regardless of the toil and sacrifice it cost 
them. While we cannot stop to point out each act of 
humanity or patriotic and Christian duty, each performed 
her part nobly. They were Elizabeth Cable, Elizabeth 
Shuffield, Helen Stout, Katie Whitehead. Mary Green. 
Juha Green, Elizabeth White, Elizabeth Stout. Emma 
Hately, Mary Kinnick, Sabry White. Eliza Shuffield and 
others, no dcrubt, whose names we have failed to obtain 
and whom we would be glad to place on record. This 
section of country was a favorite retreat for men from 

n, p 

"S C 

Crq • 

« n 

Ca> C 

- r 

r r 


ft > 

^ n 

(See page 312.) 


Carter and Johnson counties and from the nearby States 
of Virginia and North CaroHna. Men escaping from 
Saulsbury prison and recruiting officers and conscripts 
hard pressed by soldiers and Indians took shelter in the 
Pond Mountain and depended on these people for sup- 


In these three Civil Districts of Carter county are Gap 
Creek, Buffalo Creek and Powder Branch. During the 
war the fertile valleys along these creeks were occupied 
by prosperous and happy people, noted for intelligence 
and thrift. Though the Union people were largely in 
the majority there were secessionists, who, during the 
war, rendered themselves obnoxious to the great majority, 
while there were others, notably Alfred \V. Taylor's fam- 
ily, though heartily in sympathy with the South and three 
of his sons were officers in the Confederate army, retained 
the respect and good will of the Union people to a great 
extent. Col. Robert Love was another secessionist who 
was highly respected. 

When the country became overrun with Confederate 
soldiers many devices were resorted to to deceive the 
soldiers and protect Union men. In what was known as 
the Patton settlement, T. Y. Patton dug a square hole 
in his yard, covered it with puncheons and made a trap- 
door to it. Over this he placed brush or branches of trees. 
Here he concealed refugees for days at a time without any 
one suspecting their presence. In the same neighborhood 
John Miller had a large hollow log a short distance from 
his house where he concealed and fed refugees. On one 
occasion Wm. M. Gourley and W. F. M. Hyder, both af- 
terwards officers in the army, were concealed in this log 
while the snow was on the ground. Miller took them to 
the log, and in order to obliterate their tracks got a basket 
of corn and called his hogs, the numerous tracks of the 
hogs left no trace of the tracks of the men. He fed these 
men there until the snow melted awav. 


S. W. Hyder had a mill on Powder Branch and fed 
hundreds of scoiiters. He and his wife were kind-hearted 
liberal people and true to the Union cause. Decker Hyder 
and John Hyder ("Blood John") and the older sons of 
the latter, David Hyder among them, were fearless Union 

Daniel Krouse owned a mill and he and his wife were 
devoted Union people and liberal in feeding scouters. 

George D. and Samuel W. \\'illiams were wealthy 
Union citizens and contributed largely of their means to 
the Unitjn cause and were generous in furnishing provi- 
sons to the suffering. Nat. T. Williams, known as "Red 
Nat," was among the leading Union men of the county. 
He piloted Gen. Burnside and his staff', and explained 
the location of the country to them when the Federal army 
made the adx'ance into Upper East Tennessee under that 
officer in September, 1863. He was in the siege of Knox- 
ville and rendered important and dangerous service in 
carrying dispatches for Gen. Burnside. 

Pleasant jM. Williams, of Gap Creek, was a noted 
Union man. Both he and his son James assisted in burn- 
ing the bridge at Zollicoffer. Being a bold, outspoken 
man he soon became an object of hatred to the rebels. No 
man in the county suffered more for the Union cause than 
Mr. Williams. He was shot at, imprisoned and mis- 
treated in every way. but no amount of persecution ever 
induced him to yield for a moment or even conceal his 

He was put in jail at Elizabethton and also at Greene - 
ville, Tenn., and at Knoxville for a short time. He was 
then taken to Tuscaloosa, Ala., where he was imprisoned 
for two months. He was taken from there to Macon, 
Ga., and from thence to Pensacola, Florida. He was in 
prison over a year in all. After trying in vain to subdue 
him by starvation and imprisonment the officer at the 
prison at last turned him loose saying, "It was cheaper to 
fight him than to keep him in prison." Mr. \\^illiams was 
one of those men that never yielded to an enemy. When 
he reached home he was so emaciated that his hip bones 


had cut through the skin and was entirely helpless, but he 
recovered and is still living- (1902) at his old home on 
Gap Creek at the venerable age of 96 years. 

The Davenports, at whose house \\ illianis was shot at, 
were among the most aggressive Lhiion people, Samuel 
Davenport being one of the bridge burners. 

Besides those we have mentioned we recall the names 
of Dr. J. S. Snodgrass, George (Ed.) Williams, Robert 
Williams. Alexander Anderson, P. A. J. Crockett, Joseph 
Hyder, James P. Taylor ("Preacher"). Henry Saylor, 
John Q. Williams, David C. Moody. Adam Gourley. Al- 
Ired Gourley, Alexander Douglass. Adam Loudermilk, 
Kinchen Range, Jacob M. Range, Thomas P. and Touis-i 
J. Clark, Jesse Humphreys (who had two brave sons in 
the Federal army), John Humphreys, Sr., (blacksmith), 
James L. and Martin N. Taylor, Robert Smalling, W. H. 
H. Davenport. James Smith and wife, Jacob Loudermilk, 
Allan Lyle, John and Richard Hughes, O. W. Buck, 
Francis M. Hyder, James Loudermilk. 

Among the loyal women that did their share in cook- 
ing and providing for the refugees and scouters were : 
Mrs. Martha Taylor, Mrs. Bettie and Eliza Range. Mrs. 
Jane Crockett, Mrs. Eliza Humphreys, Mrs. Bettie Wil- 
liams, Misses Margaret and Mary E. Taylor. Miss Clem - 
ing Taylor, Mrs. Sallie Range, Mrs. Eliza Douglas, Mrs. 
Elizabeth Edens. 

We might mention an incident here that will cast a 
ray of sunshine among the clouds and show that all feel- 
ings of humanity between neighbors of opposite senti- 
ments had not disappeared. 

At the time our forces advanced east as far as Carter's 
Depot and were fighting Gen. William's command (Oc- 
tober, 1864,) a number of Union men, among whom were 
P. A. J. Crockett, Richard Douthat. Thomas C. Johnson, 
Dr. Snodgrass. D. C. Moody. Henry Saylor and others 
went up on Bogard's Knob, a high eminence near Carter's 
Depot, to witness the engagement. 

Gen. Williams observing them sent a squad of soldiers 
and had them arrested as Union spies. When he fell back 


to Zollicoffer he took the prisoners with him. An order 
was made out to send them to Richmond to work on the 
fortifications. Major George D. Taylor, who was well- 
known to all these men, was at that time on Gen. Wil- 
liams' staff. He told Gen. Williams while these men 
were all Union men, they were all good men and were not 
spies, and requested the General to release them, which 
he did. 

We would say in this connection that Major Geo. D. 
Taylor, and his brothers, William C., Col. Nat. M., and 
Captain H. H. Taylor, and Col. Robert C. Love, all of this 
neighborhood, often used their influence with the Confed- 
erate authorities in behalf of Union men who were in 
trouble, and who were their friends and neighbors before 
the War. These men w^ere always held in high esteem by 
all classes. 


This part of Carter county now in the 8th and 13th 
Civil Districts, extends from a point on the Watauga 
river, two miles east of Elizabethton, to Watauga, form- 
erly Carter's Depot, on the Southern Railroad. It is 
bounded on the west by the beautiful and historic Watau- 
ga river. There has never been a town or village within 
its boundary except Watauga, built up largely since the 

The name Turkeytown was applied to a large area ex- 
tending along the Watauga river on the south side and 
along the Holston Mountain (part of the way) on the 
north side for a distance of eight or ten miles east and 
west, or rather, in an irregular direction with the course 
of the river. Ever since we can remember it has been di- 
vided into two precincts known as Upper and Lower 
Turkeytown. The Southern railroad (East Tennessee 
and Virginia) over which nearly all the soldiers from the 
South passed during the war, going into Virginia, passes 
through Lower Turkeytown. This entire section of conn- 


try was comparatively thickly settled during the war, and 
the people were very prosperous, much of their lands 
lying along the river and the remainder being, to a great 
extent, productive upland. In Lower Turkey town the 
l)eople suffered greatly from both armies advancing and 
retreating alternately along the railroad. Like the entire 
length of what is now the Southern Railroad, almost 
every foot of it through East Tennessee was fought over 
time and again from the beginning to the close of the 
Civil War, and we regret to say, that the people who had 
been so loyal and true to the Government were often as 
badly mistreated and robbed by the Northern troops as by 
the Southern. ]\rany brave deeds were performed, both 
by the men and women of this locality, much suffering 
Avas endured and many hardships undergone. Nearly all 
were loyal to the Union. The incident we have related 
of Mrs. Christina Scott saving a neighbor boy from arrest 
and very probable death occurred in Low-er Turkeytown, 
and many others of a similiar nature took place. The 
people, as in other parts of the county, gave freely of what 
they had to refugees from Johnson county and North 
Carolina passing through on their way to Kentucky. All 
we have said of the loyalty and heroism, the kindness and 
liberality to scouters and refugees and escaping prisoners, 
may be said with equal truth of the people of the entire 
Turkeytown country. While we will place on record the 
names of many of them who w^ere true and loyal and brave 
we wish to mention the name of one now dead, who, 
though his sympathies were with the Southern cause and 
he had sons in the Southern army it has been repeatedly 
told to us that he often gave of his means to Union men 
who were suffering and never attempted to point out his 
neighbors to have them arrested by Southern soldiers as 
did some others who lived near him. The man to whom 
we refer is the late Isaac L. Brown. Another Southern 
sympathizer who retained the good will of the UnioM 
people was W. C. Emmert, of Turkeytown. 

Among the prominent Union men in Turkeytown dur- 
ing the war were the following: S. A. Cunningham, 


Harrison Hendrix and S. H. Hendrix, who are mentioned 
in connection with the bridge burning; A. M. Brown, who 
was postmaster and raih-oad, or station agent, at Carter's 
Depot ; Andrew Taylor, who is mentioned in the Chapter 
of Tragedies ; John Murray, James Bishop, Berry Daniels, 
Samuel Shell, Nathan Demsey. Levi. Henry and Abner 
Slagle, Zack Foust, Ed. M. Crow, Samuel McCorkle. 
Pleasant Gibson, Jordan Croy, Landon Taylor, Webb 
Taylor (a youth), Jeremiah M. Emmert, M. Y. Morton, 
George Mottern, John and William Lacy. William P. 
Lacy, Rev. James R. Scott, William and Henry Poland. 
Samuel Bishop. Henry Morrell, J. A. Barnes, Rev. Rad- 
ford Ellis and wife, and his sons, Arnold, Solomon and 
Haynes Ellis. Alfred Shell, Philip Davis. John Smith 
(who was killed). Edward Glover, Henry Stout. Andrew- 
Reynolds, Anderson Crumley and Turner Chambers. 

S. A. Cunningham. Harrison Hendrix and Andrew 
Taylor were the leading men in the plot to burn the bridge 
across the river at Watauga (Carter's Depot), and cut 
the telegraph \vires the night that the bridge was burned 
at Zollicoffer. The burning the bridge was abandoned 
on account of the strong guard (McClellan's company) 
being stationed there. The telegraph wires were cut. 
however, Cunningham, himself, climbing one of the poles, 
the bark, which had not been removed, slipped and Cun- 
ningham was precipitated to the ground, receiving painful 
injuries. The other men named were no less active in 
performing any and every duty assigned them to advance 
the cause of the Union. 

Among the older men then living in Turkeytown. all 
of whom have passed away, w^ere : Peter Slagle, George 
Persinger. Solomon and Abram Hart, William Bishop, 
Jonathan Range, Henry Mottern, Bayless and Reuben 
Aliller, Henry Little. 

Among the loyal women of that locality, than whom 
there \Vere none nobler, truer or braver, among all the 
noble women of Carter county, were : Mrs. Alice Cunning- 
ham, Mrs. Christina Scott, Mrs. Stephen Houston (who 
had three sons in the Federal army), Mrs. Mary Thomp- 


son (widow), Mrs. Catherine Slagle (wife of Henry 
Slagle whu died in prison), Mrs. Massy Slagle, Mrs. 
Annie Range, Mrs. Sarah Fousl, Mrs. Rebecca Crow, 
Mrs. Susan Vest (widow), Mrs. Lucinda McCorkle, Mrs. 
Elizabeth Miller, Mrs. Rachel Miller, Hrs. Henry Little, 
Mrs. Mary Campbell, Mrs. Solomon Hart. Mrs. Abram 
Hart, Mrs. J. A. Barnes, Mrs. John Murray. Mrs. Ma- 
tilda Williams (had two sons die in Richmond prison), 
Mrs. Andrew Taylor (whose husband was shot and two 
sons imprisoned for their loyalty), Mrs. Axie Davis, Mrs. 
Marinda Glover, Mrs. Elizabeth Stout, Mrs. Mary Cham- 


These are names long ago applied to a section of Carter 
county lying in the i8th Civil District and extending from 
near Elizabethton in a southeasterly direction along the 
south side of the Lynn Mountain to the Watauga river at 
Siam, and thence up the river past the great bend in the 
Watauga known as the "Horseshoe." A portion of this 
country, especially along the river is exceedingly fertile, 
and in the time of the war contained quite a large popula- 
tion, a large portion of which was loyal to the Federal 
Government. The sufferings, hardships, arrests, im- 
prisonments ; the feeding of conscripts and refugees, 
tragedies and all the direful consequences of civil war, 
which we have so often tried to describe were visited upon 
these people in a large measure, and they met the danger 
and toil with the same heroism that characterized the 
Union people elsewhere through the two counties. Many 
suffered death, others imprisonment, some are sleeping in 
National cemeteries, some in distant States, and nearly all 
have passed to the "great beyond.'' 

The following are the names of the men and women 
living in this locality then as far as we can obtain them : 
Caleb Cox and wife, Isaac and Elizabeth Lewis, David and 
Celia Hess, Henry Pierce and wife, Joseph P. and Re- 
becca Vanhuss, Joel X. and Sarah Nave, Thomas C. and 


Elva Crow, Joseph and Tempe Pharr, Jones Allan and 
wife, John, Elbridge, Robert and Jacob Tread way (brave 
men), Jackson Allan and wife, Presley Garden and wife 
(who had sons killed on both sides, one volunteered in the 
Confederate army and two were conscripted, one was 
killed at Lick Creek fighting for the Union), John L. 
Bowers and wife, John Heaton, Elijah D. Harden (bach- 
elor), Rev. Valentine Bowers, had two sons, Reese and 
Benjamin, killed near Fish Spring, Tenn., and two 
others, William C. and Joseph P., who were loyal men. 
James L. Lewis, now of Watauga Point, was a boy then 
and lived w'ith his father, Isaac Lewis. We are indebted 
to him for many of the above names. 


This section, lying in the southwest part of Carter 
county during the Civil War, is now a part of Unicoi 
county, Tenn. No part of the county was more loyal and 
no other people suffered more, or were truer to their prin- 
ciples than the people who then resided in the Limestone 

We have not been able to visit this section of the coun-- 
try, and can recall now but few of the names of these 
brave and loyal people. 

There were Dr. David Bell and his brother James, Rob- 
ert and William Morrison. Thomas Wright, Ezekiel 
Burchfield, William Woodby, William McKinney, Thos. 
Green, and the O'Briens, the Moseleys, the Bakers, the 
Mclnturfs, these and many others, with their brave wiveg 
and daughters encountered the perils and hardships that 
their loyalty to the Union brought upon them, with the 
same undaunted courage tliat characterized the loyalists 
of these counties everywhere. 


STONY CREEK, THE 9T11, iotii AND 12x11 CIVIL 

What is known as Stony Creek in Carter county, Ten- 
nessee, extends from the county hue on top of the Cross 
Mountain on the east to a point on the Watauga river 
two miles east of Ehzabethton, a distance of about sixteen 
miles northeast and southwest, and is lx)unded on the 
south by the Iron Mountain and on the north by the Hol- 
.ston Mountain. It is rather a rough, hilly country, but 
has some fertile coves and valleys, fine timber and rich 

The people depended largely on what was called the 
*'iron-works" to afford them employment in digging, 
hauling and washing ore, chopping wood, burning it into 
charcoal and hauling it to the forges and furnaces, and 
other labor connected with the production of iron in its 
various forms. When the war came they were almost 
unanimous in their adherence to the Union. As far as 
we are able to learn there were but four secessioji families 
in this entire extent of territory. As in other sections 
of the county they resisted to the utmost the encroach- 
ments of the Southern soldiery and refused to fight under 
or for a strange flag, but i)aid dearly for their loyalty to 
the old flag. 

We can recount but few of the scenes through which 
they passed, but these will show the temper of these 
people, and give an idea of what they all endured. 

We will give first the names of some of the men and 
women who inhabited that region in time of the Civil 
^var — true heroes and heroines they were, as will be seen : 
Stephen and Lavicy Lewis. Samuel and Ellen Anderson, 
William and L'^rie Blevins, Campbell and Matilda Buckles, 
Samuel and Rachel Forbush, William Creed and wife, Al- 
fred and Louisa Peters, John and Mary Harden, David 
and Jane Taylor, Allen and Rebecca Roberts, G. W. and 
Jane Rasor, Vaught Rasor (bachelor), David and Rachel 
Elliott, John Grindstaff and wife, Robert White, Frank 
and Julia WHiite, Benjamin Cole and wife, Parett and Jo- 
anna Markland. Isaac Garland, Columbus Blevins, David 


Garland, John Richardson and wife, Jacob and Lovina 
Vandeventer (Vandeventer deceived the rebel authorities 
and acted as Sheriff, but all the time was known to be loyal 
by the Union people and befriended them), Harmon and 
Mary Crumley, James and Mary L. Cass, John K. and 
Lucretia Ensor, Jonathan Lipps and Nancy (the former 
lived to be over lOO years old), William Nave, Lewis D. 
and Lorena Lewis, William and Nancy Peters (Blue 
Springes), Aquilla and Katie Moore, David and Elizabeth 
Kitzmiller, William Ferguson and wife, Nicholas and 
Catherine Miller, Nancy McCloud (widow; had five sons 
in Thirteenth Tennessee Cavalry), William O. and Bar- 
bara Frasier (four sons in Federal army), Margaret Tay- 
lor, Peter B. and Susan Elliott, Andrew J. Boyd and wife, 
and William O. Frasier, Jr., and his wife, Margaret 
Frasier. Even after this long list we have doubtle^'s 
omitted many names of the loyal and brdVe people who 
lived on Stony Creek during the Civil War. 


\^'e will relate some narrow escapes of one or two Fed- 
eral recruiting officers, illustrating the danger they were 
constantly in, and yet there were hundreds of men who 
did not hesitate to engage in it and, in fact, volunteered 
to do this service. 

Lieut. A. D. Frasier was first sent out to recruit enough 
men to complete his company, but proved so successful in 
recruiting men and eluding the enemy that he was kept in 
that service until nearly the close of the war and was 
highly commended by his superior officers. 

On his first trip, in October, 1863, he had recruited onl\- 
two men, James Nave and Michael Roberts. The nights 
being cool they lodged in a barn. One of the men, Nave, 
was discovered by a company of rebel soldiers under a 
Captain Boren, who was hunting conscripts and arresting 
Union men. Nave betrayed Frasier and Roberts and told 
the officer that Frasier was a Federal recruiting officer in 
full uniform and armed \\ith two na\-y pistols. The officer 


surrounded the barn and demanded the surrender of the 
two men. Roberts cHmbed down and gave himself up 
and was struck over the head with a gun by one of the 
soldiers and badly hurt. Frasier determined to sell his 
life as dearly as possible, believing he would be shot any- 
way. Captain Boren finally set fire to the barn and Fra- 
sier seeing no chance of escape hid his pistols, coat and 
recruiting papers in the hay, thinking they would be burned 
and destroy the evidence against him. and came down and 
surrendered. He talked and acted independently and was 
treated very nicely by a Lieutenant of the company. Rob- 
erts was tied but Frasier was only guarded, while Nave 
was taken into the confidence of the enemy for betraying 

The rebels put out the fire and found Lieut. Frasier's 
uniform and pistols but did not find his recruiting papers. 
They found his pistols C(>cked and asked him what that 
meant. He told them it meant if they had attacked him 
instead of firing the barn he intended to kill as many of 
them as he could. Some of the soldiers cocked their guns 
to shoot him. but the Lieutenant interfered. They took 
what money he had and such of his clothes as thev wanted. 
That morning the company went to the home of Reuben 
Brooks, a prominent rebel citizen, for breakfast. Thev 
had captured another L'nion man. Frank White, and tied 
him and Roberts together. The same day this company 
shot a Union man named Dillon Blevins and left him for 
dead, but he reco\ered and joined the Federal army and 
died in the service. Leaving Brooks' the company started 
down Stony Creek, hunting conscripts and bushwhackers. 
They went to the home of Christian Crow, the only seces- 
sion family in the neighborhood except the Brooks family. 
They had a dance there and Lieut. Frasier being a violin- 
ist furnished the music but was closely guarded all the 
time. That evening Lieut. Isaac L. Nave, of the Con- 
federate army, whose home was down on the \\'atauga 
river, and whom we have had occasion to mention, came 
there. Frasier, who had worked for Nave in his forge 
and had known him from his boyhood thouHit he would 


find in him an influential friend who would save him from 
imprisonment, if not death. He asked to have an inter- 
view with Nave, which was permitted, and told him the 
trouble he was in and implored his assistance on the 
grounds that their families had always been warm friends 
and had supported him for office; but Nave told him he 
could do nothing for him, that "he had joined the wrong 
cause," and turned coldly away. 

On the following day Capt. Boren again started out in 
search of victims having in charge the prisoners we have 
named, Leiut. Frasier, Roberts and White, the two latter 
tied together with ropes and guarded by one cavalryman 
while Frasier was guarded by a single soldier and both 
men on foot. The larger part of the company were ome 
distance in advance of the prisoners. Passing White's 
home he asked permission to stop and get a change of 
clothing. When the guard started on with White two 
Union girls, Misses Lucinda and Dulcina Bartee. who 
happened there at the time, and also Mrs. Julia White 
started along the road with the prisoners and guard. They 
had not gone far when James White, Frank's brother, 
who had been following along in the bushes out of sight 
of the guard, rushed out into the road and knocked the 
guard off his horse with a rock, and Mrs. White, who 
had prepared for the emergency b}^ concealing a butcher 
knife in her clothing, cut the rope that bound the two 
prisoners together and the prisoners and women fled to 
the Iron Mountain. But for this brave deed of the two 
girls and Julia White, his wife, Frank White would have 
been shot, as he was charged with being a "bushwhacker." 
Having heard of his arrest this plan for his release was 
adopted and bravely carried out. 

The soldier received a bad scalp wound, and that, with 
his fall from his horse dazed him, but he recovered in a 
short time sufficiently to fire off his gun and pistols to 
alarm the soldiers in advance. Some of them returned 
and all were greatly excited and it was reported they had 
loeen fired on by the bushwhackers. Capt. Boren ordered 
White's home, with its contents, burned to the ground. 


In the meantime Lieut. Frasier and his guard being- 
some distance in the rear (the guard wearing Frasier's 
fine coat, Heutenant's straps and all). The soldief stepped 
over a small stream of water that crossed the road and 
Frasier, remarking that he wanted a drink got down on 
his knee and placing his right hand on a good-sized stone, 
pretended to drink and as he raised up with the stone in 
his hand he threw it at the guard, placing him liors dc 
combat, and taking advantage of the situation, fled, but 
the guard recovered in time to send a bullet through his 


was another recruiting officer who did good service and 
ran many narrow risks. At one time while he and sev- 
eral others were hidden, the rebel soldiers came on to the 
two Bartee girls we have mentioned taking some baskets 
of provisions to Lieut. Housley and some men he had 
with him. They tried to make them tell where the men 
were but the brave girls refused to do so. Housley and 
his men heard them firing on some Laiion men nearby and 
vacated their camp. They lost their breakfast but saved 
themselves. Michael Roberts, who had made his escape 
a few days before, was with Housley at that time, also 
Landon Blevins and others. 

Besides the many other brave deeds done by the loyal 
women of Stony Creek, they were heroines in the one 
thing of fighting "the wolf from the door'' and support- 
ing their helpless children and those enfeebled by age in 
the absence of their fathers and husbands. They returned 
to the primitive methods and made clothing from the raw 
material — cotton, flax and wool — they felled trees in the 
forests; they raised and garnered thegrain and stored it in 
the barns; they carded and spun and wove; they made 
and mended shoes, killed hogs and beeves, repaired their 
homes and barns, and besides the "women's work that is 
never done," they did the work of men "that lasts from 
sun to sun." 




This District lies in the extreme northeastern point in 
Tennessee, where the State-Hne joins that of Virginia and 
North Carolina at the foot of the White Top Mountain. 

It was the ahocle of many true and loyal men and 
w^omen who suffered for their devotion to the Union, but 
who did not quail before the storm of persecution that 
l)roke over their heads, but stood firmly upon the deck 
while the ship of state was being tossed to and fro by the 
turbulent wa\'es of Civil War as they ebbed and flowed 
for four long, dreary years. The following are some of 
their names : Major John Ward, who was an officer in the 
Mexican War, and his wife, Dalila ; Peter D. and Sophia 
Wills, Russell B. and Elizabeth Wills, Adam and Amanda 
Wills, James H. and Eliza Wills. Robert W. and Susan 
Keys, David L. and Jane Keys, James J. and Susan J. 
Robinson, Elias and Lavenia Worley, John B. and Abi- 
gail McQueen, Joseph and Sarah Sutherland, Joseph A. 
and Sarah Sutherland, Abner and Lincinda Eggers, 
Joseph A. and Orpha Grace, John and Margaret Grace, 
R. W. and Elizabeth Hawkins, Wm. and Mary Gentry, 
Andrew and Margaret E. Gentry, Richard U. and Sarah 
Gentry, Thomas and Frances Gentry. John J. and Dacia 
Gentry, William and Mary Cornut, Caleb Wills. David and 
Nancy Gilliland, John H. and Susan Micheals, Vincent 
and Delia Morefield. David and Mary Bridges, James and 
Polly Bridges, Ezekial and Ellen Dixon, Landon H. and 
Emaline Hawkins, Alfred and Jane Hawkins, Richard 
and Mary Hawkins, Joseph and Millie Gilbert, George 
H. and Mariah L. Robinson, S. E. P. and Mary Mc- 

These people were loyal and true, and many of them 
sent sons into the Federal army. They demonstrated 
their loyalty by aiding conscripts and refugees and by 
feeding and caring for escaped prisoners. 

Captain Slimp tells the following story in regard to 
Russell B. Wills of this District : 


"1 have seen proper to mention the name of Russell B. 
Wills in my list of worthies who was an unswerving 
Union man. fJe had a little sack of gold, consisting of 
about four hundred dollars. Johnson county was infested 
with a gang of deserters from the Confederate army. 
Robbery being a favorite occupation of the gang they 
roamed about over the county for plunder, especially 
money. They had an eager inclination for gold and sil- 
ver. Mr. Wills saw them coming to his house in a gallop 
and had no time to hide his gold, but picked up a bucket 
and stepped to the well, knowing they would be in hi^i 
pocket, he dropped his sack of gold in the well and in a 
few moments they searched his pockets and found no 
gold. In their disappointment the gang hurried away 
before Mr. Wills could tell them his gold was in the bot- 
tom of his well." 


This District embraces what was the town of Taylors- 
\ ille, during the Civil War, and is now Mountain City, 
Tennessee. It was a most beautiful and delightful vil- 
lage, nestled in the hills and inhabited by an intelligent, 
brave and loyal peo])le. IVIany of them were well educated, 
and some of them were slave owners, by far the greater 
part of them were loyal to the Union. There were few 
towns, according to the number of its inhabitants that 
could boast of more intelligent, enterprising men than 

When the war came they bravely asserted their rights 
and maintained them as long as it was possible to do so, 
and when free speech was no longer permitted they 
sought shelter in the mountains and later in the Federal 
army and fought their way back to their homes. 

R. R. Butler and A. D. Smith, both of whom became 
Lieut.-Colonels in the Thirteenth Tennessee Cavalry, were 
residents of Taylorsville, Major James W. M. Grayson, 
of that place, was among the first to take a large company 
of men from Johnson county into the Federal army. 
Among the officers of ♦^he Thirteenth Tennessee Cavalry 


besides those named who resided at Taylorsville or in thai- 
vicinity were: Major Joseph H. Wagner, Major R. H. 
M. Donnelly, Captain Richard H. Luttrell, Captain Jacob. 
H. Norris, Captain S. C. Northington, Captain A. T. 
Donnelly, Captain T. J, Barry, and Lieutenants H. C. 
Northington, C. M. Arnold, and Charles Lefler. 

Taylorsville, and its vicinity, was the scene of man}- 
incidents and tragedies. We have had occasion to men- 
tion the vindictive spirit shown tow^ards the Union people 
by the disloyal element of that county after the country 
was occupied by rebel soldiers, and especially those who 
belonged to and operated with the "home-guard." We 
have been creditably informed that all who entertained 
what was termed the "Southern sentiment" were not of 
this class. We have already had occasion to mention the 
saving of the life of a Union man by the intervention of 
a rebel lady, Mrs. Shoun. There are doubtless many 
other instances where neighbors on opposite sides inter- 
posed in each others behalf, and such acts form a silver 
lining to the dark clouds of civil war, and we are always 
glad to make record of them. 

Besides the vindictive spirit w-hich w^as aroused in John- 
son county between its own citizens, that county seems to 
have been cursed by the presence of robbers and maraud- 
ers from other places who took refuge there and made 
the war an excuse for pillage and plunder. 

Following are the names of some of the loyal men and 
women who were residents of Taylorsville, Tenn., during 
the Civil War. and who witnessed and took part in the al- 
most indescribable scenes of chaos and anarchy that ruled 
that period : Mathias M. and Mary Wagner, David H. 
and Rachel Wagner, Nathaniel T. and Amanda Wagner, 
Andrew W. and Susan Wagner, Andrew C. and Hilia 
Wagner, William K. and Alice Donnelly, Richard A. and 
Matilda Donnelly, Richard H. and Eliza Donnelly, Dr. 
Robert L. Donnelly. Dr. James D. and Frances Donnelly. 
Harrison C. and Margaret Donnelly, Oliver C. and Eliza 
Butler, Archibald and Louisa Bradfule, Thomas and 
Lucy Barry, Nicholas S. and Susan Cress, Samuel and 


Sarah Cress, John M. and Lavina Cress, WilHam L. and 
Clara Cress, Samnel D. and Ehza Cress, and James A. 
Cress; Wilhani and Nancy Shnpe, John and EHzabeth 
Shupe, John H. and Fanny Shui)e, Reuben and Kezzie 
Fritts, Abram and Aura Grigston, Joel and Sarah Brook- 
shur, David and Elizabeth Turner, William K. and Orpha 
Johnson, Thomas and Mary Johnson. Jiyder M. and 
Sarah Mitchell, Giles and Valeria Gregory, Thomas S. 
and Margaret Sniythe, William T. and Margaret Shupe, 
Franklin M. and Sarah ChappeKMrs. Mary Smith, Har- 
vey L. aiKl Martha Johnson, Isaac and Atlantic Ramlx), 
George \V. and Polly Turner, David and Jane Phillips, 
R. E. and Rachel Berry, Jas. ^^■ . and Xancy Turner. 

We introduce here a flag incident kindly furnished us 
by Lieut. H. C. Xorthington, now of Denver, Colorado. 
It shows the spirit of loyalty that pervaded the minds of 
the people. Xo greater insult could be offered them than 
to wave a Southern flag in their sight. Xor was their 
loyalty of a brief or spasmodic character: the same men 
who captured this rebel flag pir)ved their loyalty after- 
wards on the battle-fields. The others, whose names we 
have mentioned, were equally loyal to the Union, and all 
of them, both men and women, suft'ered every indignity 
imaginable at the hands of the Johnson county "home- 
p^uards," an organization, which if it has not been greatly 
maligned, guarded few homes, but with ruthless hands 
invaded a large majority of the homes of that county to 
terrify and oppress their inmates, and burned many of 
them over their heads because of their loyalty to the 

Some of the Union men were hunted down and impris- 
oned, some dying in prison and buried in unknown graves, 
while in some instances their wives were driven insane 
by the terrible ordeals through which they passed. The 
.midnight vigils of the faithful, loving wife, the fond 
mother and the loving sister, watching and waiting for 
father, husband or brother, whom they knew might never 
return, the dread and anxiety was worse if possible than 
death itself, vet there are few. if anv, of the 


women whose names we have given who were not 
called npon to go through with the sad ex- 
perience. Yet as a rule these brave women bore 
up nobly under the great mental and physical 
strain, and did cheerfully all that it was ix)ssible for them 
to do, feeding the hungry, administering to the sick and 
helpless, watching", almost with sleepless eyes, for the 
approach of the enemy, and warning the hunted refugees 
when danger approached. In moments of surprise and 
sudden danger it is said that women retain their wits and 
are more resourceful in finding ways of escape or devising 
means of frustrating the plans of the enemy than men are 
mder like circumstances. Their ingenuity in this respect 
was often put to severe tests during the Civil War when 
the life of a husband, brother or friend was at stake; and 
many a life has l^een saved through their instrumentality. 


"The next day after Virginia seceded from the Union, 
or rather passed the ordinance of secession, the first Con- 
federate flag appeared in Taylorsville, Tenn., now Moun- 
tain City, under the following circumstances. The United 
States mail coach from Abington, Va.. arrived in Moun- 
tain City every afternoon at five o'clock and departed next 
morning at eight o'clock for North Carolina. On this 
occasion there were two men. besides the stage driver, 
going over the line with some extra led horses. One of 
these men had a Confederate flag about 18x36 inches, 
carrying it in his hands, waving it over the heads of all 
whom he happened to meet, halloing for the Soutliern 
Confederacy and insulting Union men by flaunting it in 
their faces. After going to their hotel, or place of stopping, 
a committee of Union men called on them and advised them 
not to carry the flag through the streets, that Tennessee 
had not seceded from the Union and the Union people 
of the town were o]>posed to the Southern Confederacy, 
and the flac'. 


This seemed to insult them and they began to abuse 
Union men and said that they would carry the flag- the 
next morning through the streets, and that if the Union 
people "didn't hke it they could lump it,'' and that they 
would kill the first man that attempted to take it down. 

That night a few of the Union men got together and 
agreed to take the flag from them if they attempted to 
parade the streets with it the next morning. We knew 
that they would stop at the post office for the mail, so we 
agreed to meet there and capture it. But when the time 
came the more conservative heads said that we had better 
drop the matter and let them go as it would cause us 
trouble and perhaps some of us our lives. In the mean- 
time three of our party had made all arrangements to take 
the flag, and we proceeded to do it in the following man- 
ner : A double-barreled shot-gun was placed on the in- 
side and behind the post office door. When the men came 
v,p with the flag, waving it and halloing, there were pres- 
ent, S. E. Northington, J. H. Wagner and H. C. North- 
ington. All were well-armed and ready for business. 
S. E. Northington was to demand the surrender of the 
flag, and upon their refusal to do so, H. C. Northington 
was to hand him the double-barreled shot-gun and he 
w'ould shoot it off the head of the man who carried it. 
The flag was sewed to the man's hat. ^^'hen S. E. North- 
ington demanded the flag the man who had it was on 
horseback. He commenced to swear, saying. "We dare 
you to touch it." Just then H. C. Northington handed 
S. E. Northington the double-barreled shot-gun. where- 
upon the latter said, "Take that flag down or I will shoot 
it down," and without hesitation he shot the flag- in rib- 
1>ons, keeping the man and the flag covered with the gun 
until he took off his hat and pulled out the flag from the 
hat and handed it to S. E. Northington, then hurriedly 
galloped away with his companions. 

"The participants in this affair were afterwards offi- 
cers in the Thirteenth Tennessee Cavalry." 

H. C. Northington, 
249 S. 13th Street. Denver, Colo. 



This District lies east of Shoun's Cross Roads and wa.>- 
'Alt sparsely settled during the Civil War, but we are told 
that its inhabitants were among the bravest and truest 
loyal people in that loyal county, and that they suffered 
much hardships and privations and encountered many 
dangers and contended nobly for what they conceived to 
be right. They were imbued with the same spirit of loy- 
alty to the Union and love and veneration for the old flag- 
that had been handed down from father to sons since the 
days of King's Mountain. 

We place on record here such of their names ^s we have 
been able to obtain. Most of these men had sons in the 
Federal army, or were in the service themselves : James 
Powell, David Farmer, Zebulon Payne, Andrew Potter, 
Sr., Andrew Potter. Jr.. Richmond Roberts, Timothy 


This District was among the most prosperous in the 
county, and its inhabitants were, as a rule, intelligent and 
progressive people, most of them being substantial farm- 
ers.There lived in that locality in the time of the Civil 
War: Major David Slimp and his wife, Evaline; Colonel 
Daniel Slimp and wife, Susan; Martin and Sarah Slimp, 
Jordan and Minty Jones. John S. and Rebecca Vaught, 
John H. Vaught and wife. John S. and Nancy Vaught, 
Alfred and Martha \\^idby, Daniel Ward, 'john ^^^ 
,Lunceford. John Bailey, Nathaniel and Nancy Lester, 
Peter and Malissa Snyder, William and Mary Arnold, 
John B. and Rachel Vaught, Daniel and Mary Snyder, 
John Hawkins, Jr., and Nancy. Jacob and Sarah Wag- 
ner, Jacob and Ann Wagner, Joseph J. and Mary Wag- 
ner, Daniel and Mary Snyder. John and Mary Arney, 
Larkin and Malinda Dunn, John and Catherine Slim]), 
Rolin and Anna Jenkins, Thomas and Dalila \\'ard, John 


and Nancy Ward, Eli and Xancy Davis, Rev. W. B. Gam- 
bill and wife, Elizabeth, (lodfrey D. and Mary Stout. 
Rev. John \V. and Mary Mink, William G. and Rebecca 
Nave, David V. and Ann Stout, Robert P. and Eliza 
Moore, Millard and Martha Lester, Hamilton B. and 
Martha W^ard, Meridith B. and Rebecca Dunn, John 
Hawkins, Nathan Stout, N. T. Wagner, John B. Vaught, 
Larkin Dunn, Peter Rasor, Nicholas and Catherine Stout, 
Morefield and Rebecca Lester. Jackson and Edith Protfit, 
Richard and Rebecca Lester. 

Two of these men, John Hawkins and John H. Vaught, 
were martyrs to the Union cause ; others, men and women, 
suffered from dangers, privations and persecutions, and 
all saw and felt the blight of 'Svar's unhallowed footsteps" 
about their homes. Some of them had sons in the Fed- 
eral army. 


This District was in the western part of the county, and 
lies along the \\'atauga river. During the Civil W^ar it 
was a well-to-do farming neighborhood, but since the war, 
in addition to this it embraces the very pretty and thriv- 
ing little town of Butler, named in honor of the late Hon. 
R. R. Butler. 

This little town boasts of the Holly Springs College, a 
prosperous school founded a number of years ago by Prof. 
James H. Smith and still (1902) presided over by that 
well-known and popular educator. 

During the war their ruling passion was loyalty to thc^ 
Union, and from that idea no amount of persecution could 
mduce them to swerve for a single moment. Flattery and 
appeals to prejudice, threats of death and imprisonment 
were alike unavailing in changing the steadfast loyalty of 
these people : Joshua and Nancy Perkins. Ezekiel Smith 
Sr., and Nancy Smith, Joseph and Nancy Wagner. James' 
D. and Lucinda Rainbolt, Andrew and Elizabeth Wilson, 
Andrew J. and Julia Ann Wilson, Elisha and Elizabeth 

4<j6 history of the I3TII REGIMENT 

Rainbolt, Nicholas G. and Martha Grindstaff, Isaac and 
Mary Grindstaff, Jacob F. and Christina Grindstaff, Da- 
vid R. and Sahna Stout, Isaac and Atlantic Rambo, Johu 
and Mary Slimp, Calvin F. and Catherine Slimp, Thos. J. 
and Susan Stout, David and Martha Shull, George P. and 
Nancy Stout, Burton and Mary Greenwell, Andrew T. 
and Susan Smith, William L. and Louisa Smith, Mathias 
and Sarah Wagner, Joseph and Louisa ^\'ag•ner, Andrew 
B. and Martha Slimp, Andrew Cable, Isham McCloud. 

Cah'in F. Slimp was a ycjung married man who died 
in the latter part of 1861, but just previous to his death he 
attended a Union meeing at Taylorsville, some 18 miles 
distant from his home. He went on foot and carried a 
large National flag mounted on a heavy pole, and after at- 
tending the meeting returned to his home with the flag, 
having walked a distance of 36 miles. This patriotic act 
:-.howing his loyalty and love of country was among 
the last deeds of his life. No other section, even of "loyal 
Johnson county" exceeded this district in the loyalty and 
patriotism of its citizens, and scarcely any other suffered 
more for its devotion to the flag. 

^^^ithout making "invidious comparisons" it may be 
said that no other people faced the storm and "bore the 
brunt of battle" with greater courage or more unyielding 
obstinacy than were displayed by the people in these lo- 
calities. The men did their full share in resisting "the 
strange flag and the strange doctrine" till resistance be- 
came vain, and then they "hied themselves away" in the 
Avake of Dan. Ellis across mountains and ravines, acros.s 
rivers and streams to where the old flag greeted their 
delighted senses. Many never returned but they did what 
lias been done since the ages began — paid the price of lib- 
erty for others. The brave women whose names we have 
mentioned also "bore the burden and heat of the day," 
with a fortitude never surpassed and equalled only by 
their "sisters in sorrow" throughout the domain of which 
we are writing. 



In the fall of 1864 Captain Slimp got a leave of ab- 
sence to visit his family in Johnson county. While there, 
concealing himself as much as possible, a young man by 
the name of Wagner, a neighbor, having imbibed disloyal 
sentiments, undertook to practice a deception upon the 
Captain by stealing up on him a short distance from his 
house. To carry out his nefarious purposes, Wagner 
manifested unusual friendship, so much that it excited the 
Captain's suspicion that he meant mischief. He had on a 
large homespun overcoat, the deej) pickets swinging 
heavy, which still increased the Captain's suspicion that he 
was armed with a concealed weapon. At this critical 
juncture Wagner could not conceal his agitation. In the 
meantime Slimp picked up his ax, which was convenient, 
stepped close to his antagonist, who assured Slimp he w^as 
his friend and wanted protection. Withdrawing his hands 
from his big pockets and proposed a mutual contrac: 
which was accepted. Each one was to give notice to the 
other if danger should arise. But this mutual contract was 
soon violated. W'hen night came the Captain's home 
was surrounded with furious yells by a gang of Confeder- 
ate outlaws. The clatter of horses over a rocky road 
gave the alarm and he escaped unhurt. But his wife, 
Mrs. Naomi Slimp had to atone for the disappointment. 
They were sure the}' had their intended victim in their 
clutches. The traitor, W^agner. and the gang wanted 
the honor of capturing a Federal officer. A close search 
Avas made in and all about the house, but their intended 
victim could not be found. Positive demand was made 
on Mrs. Slimp and children to tell where their victim 
could be found. This being impossible they made danger- 
ous threats, and flew into a rage overtheirdisaopointment. 
They kicked her, knocked her down with a heavy stick, 
inflicting a severe wound on the head, and as they sup- 
posed left her dead on the floor. Her wound bled pro- 
fusely. When she went down into her grave the scar 
went with her. 


6th CR'IL district, JOHNSON COUNTY. 

This District lies partly on Little Doe river and em- 
braces a portion of the great ore and mineral region of 
Johnson county. Forges were operated there during the 
war and many conscripts detailed to work in them. 

Col. Sam. Howard was one of the leading spirits 
among the loyalists of this District, but there were many 
others, some of whom we will name : Godfrey and Eliza- 
beth Stout, Abram and Catherine Murphy, Daniel and 
Polly Clark, A. S. and Rebecca McQueen, Major David 
D. and Anne Stout, Samuel and Kinsev Howard, David 
and Catherine Robinson, Nicholas G. and Mary Robinson, 
John and Lydia Proffit, George \\'. and Violet Kite, Wil- 
liam A. and Elizabeth Morely. John H. and Elizabeth 
Stalcup, Henderson and Rachel Lloyd, Dr. David and 
Sarah Smithpeters, James M. and Lucinda Smith, Rev. 
James B. and Elizabeth Stone, Meridith D. and Hannah 
Arnold, ^^'illiam B. and Nancy Stout, Godfrey D. and 
Mary Heaton, Re\'. Abraham Murphy, and Catherine 
Murphy, Hon. Hawkins P. ]\Turphy, Rev. David Clark, 
Daniel and Mary Clark, James and Ellen Gilliland, 
Hamilton H. Gilliland, Joseph and Catherine Robinson, 
John and Matilda Rainbolt. John and Elizabeth Camp- 
bell, Lawson ^\^ and Elizabeth Robinson, James G. and 
Susan Howard. Dr. Joseph LI. and Lettie Robinson, 
Thomas and Sarah Laviney, John W. Heaton. 

Of these men Dr. David Smithpeters was a member of 
the Greeneville L^nion Convention that denounced the se- 
cession movement in such unequivocal language. James 
Gilliland was murdered at his home. G. W. Kite was a 
veteran of the Mexican \\'ar and though too far advanced 
in years to join the army was true to the L'nion cause. 

We give here an inciilent show ing how William G. ' 
Howard managed to escape death at the hands of a com- 
])any of heartless murderers who had just slain his bro- 
ther, David Howard. Captain Slimp tells the story: 

"William G. Howard was present when the rebel sol- 
diers came and he and his brother ran in different direc-' 


lions. William succeeded in getting- to the creek and im- 
mediately sunk his body to the bottom, 1)arely lea\'ing his 
mouth and nose out of the water for breathing purposes. 
His pursuers made vigorous efforts to find him, search- 
ing in every direction, but he stuck close to the bottom of 
the creek, occasionally giving his respiratory organs a 
chance to take in a supply of fresh air. The posse of rebels 
finally gave up the search and retired. This stratagem 
completely foiled them and defeated them in the bloody 
purpose of taking his life as they did that of his less fortu- 
nate brother who fell into their hands. Mr. Howard in 
relating the incident said he remained submerged in the 
cold water for over an hour, it being a cold frosty morn- 
ing, but that the occasion was such that he scarcely felt 
the icy water, and did not suffer in the least from cold. 
He pointed out the place of his amphibious retreat and 
dwelt with much seeming i)leasure upon the circumstances 
of his peculiar escape from sure and speedy death." 

Another trying incident, but which terminated fortu- 
nately, was the experience of Godfrey Stout, a staunch 
L^nion man who was ca]^tured and taken up on Doe near 
the home of a Mr. Shoun, who was a rebel citizen. 

The rebels decided to kill him and made him stand up 
against a tree to be shot. ^Irs. Katie Shoun, a rebel lady, 
and friend of Mr. Stout, observing what was about to take 
place, ran out and interceded for his life, and was success- 
ful in saving- it. 

Many incidents of like character, and some far worse, 
befell the men of this locality. The young men mostly 
joined the Federal army, while many who had families re- 
mained with them as long as possible, sometimes working 
in the forges, at other times scouting in the mountains, 
only stealing into their homes occasionally to get some- 
thing to eat or a change of raiment. The houses were 
closely watched and often when approaching or leaving 
their homes they would be halted bv rebel soldiers, at 
other times thev would be fired on without waniino-. 



This District, as will he seen, was the home of the 
Shonns and the Stouts than whom there were no more 
loyal patriotic or hospitable people anywhere. 

But the Shouns and the Stouts were not alone among 
the people of the good old "Seventh District" in their 
loyalty, patriotism and hospitality. The other names we 
mention were of the same "web and w^oof," the same un- 
flinching devotion and unfaltering love for flag and coun- 
try, and they reached out the same benevolent hand to the 
hungry and helpless in the dark days of Civil War. These 
were: Joseph and Polly Shoun, Andrew and Elizabeth 
Shoun, G. H. and Dosia Shoun, Joseph N. and Sarah 
Shoun, William H. and Eliza Shoun, Caleb A. and Rachel 
Shoun, S. E. and Tvlary Shoun, Peter P. and Lucassa 
Shoun, Charles and Abigail P)erry. David L. and Sarah 
Berry, Joel R. and Elizabeth Berry, Parkey and Barbara 
Stout, Alfred and Susan Stout. Samuel and Sallie Stout, 
John, Sr., and Sarah Stout, David M. and Sallie Stout,. 
George and Eliza Stout, Abram and Cynthia Lowe, Geo. 
J. and Rebecca \Valker. John and Sydney Speer, Dr. 
John M. and Lucinda Roberts, William K. and Catherine 
Goodwin, Robert P. and Mary Walsh, Myer and Polly 
Smith, George W. and Hannah Morely, Jacob and Rena 
Roberts, John and Mary CrOsswhite, Alfred C. and 
Amanda Crosswhite, Joseph and Katie Robinson, Landoit 
and Mary Lloyd, Robert A. and Louisa Roberts, Tennes- 
see and Sophia Lloyd, and Wiley Dillon. 

We give an incident that happened to one of these men,, 
kindly furnished by our Johnson county friend. Captain 
Slimp, to whom we are greatly indebted for valuable in- 


"Robert P. \\'alsh, a well-known and prominent citizen 
of Johnson count}', was several years a member of the 
County Court and was in many respects a conspicuou.^ 
person. In 1861-62 he became offensive to the Southern 


chivalry, and was spotted as go<jd material on whom to 
wreak rebel vengeance. Mr. Walsh anticipated thai 
trouble might arise, so he prepared for consequences, 
should such arise. He made a trap-door in his floor by 
which he might escape if it should become necessary. He 
was not much too soon in getting ready for his only al- 
ternative. The usual desperadoes, his fatal enemies, made 
a vigorous dash on him, accompanied by hideous yells, 
and captured him before he could reach his loophole. His 
enemies showed great delight and uttered alarming threat - 
enings. They were heard to say, 'We have got the one 
we ha\e been looking for.' Robert at this time was not 
very l(j<iuacious, but kept in jiossession his mental poise 
and his plans for his escape. The chief in command was 
very grufT and surly, and told the prisoner it would not 
be long till he would be 'gone up the spout.' In that day 
'up the spout' meant hang or sho(jt him. 

"This put the condemned prisoner to his last wits. 
'You say I have to go up the spout ?' exclaimed the pris- 
oner. 'Yes, indeed, sir,' was the consoling answer. He 
said then to the elated \iclors, 'Generous, sirs, and liberal 
gentlemen, will you allow me to retire into my back room 
to change my clothing, as I wish to die in clean apparel,' 
manifesting great distress and anguish, as if dreading the 
pangs of death. His last request was granted. The 
prisoner and officer mournfully retired into the back room 
with the view of changing the doomed prisoner's clothing. 
Robert's trap-door being in good working order, he 
stooped down, pretending to pick up a piece of his gar- 
ments, he touched the faithful trigger of his smiling trap- 
door and as quick as the vivid flash of lightning 
the yawning chasm welcomed Robert into his region 
of su])reme felicity prepared with his own hands. The 
astonished officer immediately gave the alarm that the 
prisoner had mysteriously disappeared. The soldiers on 
the outside, when the alarm was made, saw- a blue streak 
ascending a steep hill, they exclaimed, 'Half, halt, halt,'' 
at the same time fired a shower of bullets after the escaped 
prisoner, who hallooed back, 'No time now to halt, I am 
now going up the spout.' " 


This incident, telling how a loyal woman played a suc- 
cessful ruse on rebel ofticers and saved her son's life, is 
related by Captain Slimp : 

"Robert E. Goodwin is a well-known citizen of Carter 
county. He was an earnest supporter of the Union cause. 
He defined his political lines as he went along, regardless 
of consequences. He soon became known to the Union 
people for his hospitality, and his house was a stopping 
place for hungry and tired Union men. He afforded all 
such a share of his liberality, and none went away hungry. 
His wife, Mrs. Elizabeth Goodwin, being also of a liberal 
disposition, became a favorite of the Union people; she 
gave freely a liberal share of her meat and bread. 

"The pinching times like the war days made it burden-' 
some and dangerous to men like R. E. Goodwin. Hungry, 
refugees had to eat some man's meat and bread. This 
made his residence too public for his safety. Parker, 
whose name was a synonym for all crimes and at the 
mention of which Nero himself, while dancing in the 
])resence of the flames consuming Rome, would have 
blushed. It was well known that Parker was already _ 
steeped in crime of an unparalleled character, having w^ith' 
him Hays and others, who were no less infamous for 
crime. They arrested Goodwin and took him where they 
called headquarters for trial, of course a mock trial. The 
charges falsely preferred against him were read out with 
much judicial dignity. He violated the laws of the 
Southern Confederacy. He was immediately put on trial. 
Blackstone and Story were eclipsed and sunk into ob- 
scurity for the lack of dignity and style. Ostentation 
and gravity, embellished with imposing ceremonies. This, 
great judicial Sanhedrim would not permit the prisoner to 
have counsel. They went into trial, ^^^^ile the trial was 
progressing, and at an opportune time, the prisoner's" 
mother, Mrs. Catherine Shoun, appeared in haste in the 
l)resence of the b(\gus court and reported that 'a great 
number of l)ushwhackers were in motion and in shooting 
distance.' On this re])ort the spurious court tumbled to 
ruins and was seized with a wild ciMrimotion and a "'eneral 


panic ensued, and it dispersed in all directions, thus lib- 
erating the hopeless prisoner to go hence without danger. 
Aunt Katie's ruse saved am 'her life and Robert retired 
with ecstatic joy." 

8tii civil district. JOHXSOX COUXTY. 

This District, known as Shady, lies contiguous to the 
Virginia line on the north and extends to the Carter 
county line on the west. It is very mountainous and 
rough l)ut contains some fertile \'alleys and tine timber 
and minerals. 

A large majority of the people, as we ha\e been in- 
formed, were loyal and true to the Union cause. It was 
the scene of a number of conflicts and tragedies. The 
Union citizens, both men and women, did much in the 
way of feeding and concealing refugees and conscripts, 
and were persecuted for their loyalty as in other places, 
yet this did not change their sentiments or deter them 
from rendering aid to the suffering and starving refugees. 

We give the names of the people who resided in that 
locality during the Civil War as far as we can : Jesse Cole, 
Sr., and his wife, Celia, Jesse Cole, Jr., and wife, Rachel, 
George \\\ Cole and wife, Sarah, Samson and Xancy 
Cole, Andrew and Susan Wright, Moses and Lydia 
Wright, William and Rachel Sevier. Lewis and Susan 


This is known as the "Dugger District" from the large 
number of its inhabitants who bear that name. The name 
of Dugger has always been a prominent one in Johnson 
county, rivaling the Shouns and Stouts in number and 
prominence. They also rivaled them in their loyalty, and 
theirs is a familiar name on the companys rolls of the 
Thirteenth Tennessee Cavalry as well as other loyal regi- 


We place on record here an extensive list of names of 
men and women who were loyal and true to their flag", 
their country and their homes, and worthy to be num ■ 
Ijered amono- the "Heroes and Heroines of Johnson and 
Carter Counties." 

In loyalty and patriotism, in their sufferings and perse- 
cutions, in the heroic manner in which the loyal people of 
these two counties braved every danger there was no di- 
viding line between them. They were one people in senti- 
ment, in devotion to the flag and to the cause of the 
Union ; and one in their sentiments of affection for each 
other and for the friends of the Union whoever they 
might be. 

All we have said concerning the brave Union men and 
women of Carter county and of other sections of Johnson 
county may be applied with equal truth to those whose 
names we give here, and of each and all of the brave men 
^nd noble women of those days, history affords no in- 
stances in any age or country of greater heroism than was 
displayed by the loyal men and women of East Tennessee, 
and especially of these two counties which were the very 
last to receive aid from the Federal Government ; and the 
aid that came at last was largely that of our own brave 
and loyal East Tennesseeans who, after helping to fight 
their country's battles on almost every field from the Po- 
tomac to the Mississippi rivers were at last permitted to 
'lelp redeem their own homes. 

Names of men and women who resided in the loth 
Civil District of Johnson county during the Civil War: 
John Dugger, Sr., and wife, Mary; John Dugger, Jr., and 
wife, Rhocla ; William B. and Elizabeth Dugger. Samuel 
and Hannah Dugger, Jacob F. and Mary Dugger. Joseph 
and Eliza Dugger. Peter and Elizabeth Dugger. Solomon 
O. and McNary Dugger. James and Rebecca Dugger, 
Julius P). and Barthena Dugger. Joseph H. and Catherine 
Dugger, Alexander and Elizabeth Dugger, William H. 
ancl Barbara Dugger, Col. Alex. W. Baker and wife, 
Naomi ; Benjamin and Susanna Cable, Thomas and Mary 
Whitehead, Harrison and Hannah Cregg, Harrison and 


Elizabeth Buntin, Elijah and Emily Buntin, Thomas and 
Nancy Anderson, Thomas and Jane Cowan, John and 
Millie Anderson, Hugh and Elizabeth Reese. Hiram and 
Louisa Burton, Stanton and Mary Franklin. Daniel and 
Sarah Baker, Levi and Lida Guy, Joseph P. and Reljecca 


A few feeble but daring efforts were made by Lnion 
men to chastise the so-called Johnson and Sullivan county 
home-guards who committed so many depredations in 
Carter and Johnson counties, and to pay back in kind to 
the rebel citizens of Johnson county who were the insti- 
gators of much of their cruelty. Among these was the 
following : 


In the winter of 1864, James Hartly, a citizen of Elk 
Mill, Carter county, who had joined the 4th Tennessee 
Infantry, and made his escape when that regiment was 
captured at McMinnville, Tenn., came back into Carter 
county. He got together a small squad of well-armed 
Federal soldiers, and these \vere joined by a number of 
Union scouters and altogether they left the vicinity of 
Elk Mill for the purpose of making a raid into Johnson 
county to harass some of the disloyal citizens there who 
had been active in persecuting the L'nion people and to 
give the Johnson county home-guards a fight if they came 
in the way. 

When this force reached Col. Sam Howard's, on 
Little Doe. Hartly learned that three rebel soldiers had 
recently passed going towards Taylorsville. It was 
late in the afternoon, and supposing that the rebel sol- 
diers, knowing nothing of Hartly being in the country, 
would stop and stay all night with some rebel citizens, 
Hartly followed them, stopping at every rebel house until 
he came to the home of Samuel McEwin, who was a 
rebel citizen, but a good inoffensive man. It was after 


dark and Hartly surrounded the house with his men and 
went to the door and demanded admittance, hoping to 
find the rebel soldiers there. McEwin did not open the 
door, but probably not knowing the house was sur- 
rounded, left it by another door and started to run away,, 
but Avas fired on by Hartly's men and instantly killed. 

It was claimed by the Union people that Hartly did 
not mean to kill McEwin, but that the man who fired 
on him thought he was one of the rebel soldiers, it be- 
ing after night, and that Hartly and his men regretted 
the unfortunate affair. On the other hand it has been 
alleged by jMcEwin's friends that he was murdered for 
purposes of robbery. All agree that he was an inoffen- 
sive man. 

Hartly then crossed the Doe Mountain to the place 
of a rebel citizen known as "Gray Jake" Wagner, who 
lived on Roan's Creek, and captured him and two of his 
horses. He went from there to the home of "Hog- 
Dave" Wagner and captured him and his son-in-law, 
both active rebel citizens. Hartly went from there to- 
the home of James Brown, another rebel citizen who 
had been in active sympathy with the movements of the 
home guards, but found that Brown and his wife had 
gone to churcli, some distance away near Col. Alex. 
Baker's. Hartly then went on over to Baker's, where 
the meeting (preaching) was going on. By this time 
the home guards at Taylorsville had been notified of 
Hartly's movements and 40 or 50 of them came down 
on a run (mounted) to attack and drive him out of the 
country, or capture and hang or shoot him and his men. 
But they found Hartlv a tough proposition to run up 
^ against. Though the home guards outnumbered him 
greatly in armed men, Hartly gave them such a warm 
reception that they soon beat a hasty retreat, having 
several of their men wounded, but none killed. WHien 
they started to retreat it is said that Hartly yelled at 
them to stand their ground and fight like men and not 
run away like cowards. When the home guards came 
lames Brown, who was in the church, ran out and 


jumped on the horse that had his wife's side saddle on 
it. In the confusion while the fight was going on, Wag- 
ner and his son-in-law made their escape with the two 
horses, but Hartly's men cajjtured Brown's horse and 
his wife's side saddle. 


The bitterness and strife engendered during the 
Civil War among neighbors, friends and even kindred 
were such that it was believed by manv before the close 
of the conflict that the people could never dwell together 
again in peace, and if the North was victorious the citi- 
zens who had favored disunion would probably emigrate 
farther South, and likewise if the South should win the 
Unionists w^ould seek homes in the North or West, other- 
wise the old feuds would be kept up until one or more 
generations passed away. 

In pursuance of that idea many Southern men left their 
homes for a time, but it was soon learned that with the 
close of hostilities those especially who had fought 
through the war had had enough of strife and bloodshed 
and these on both sides appeared walling to forgive and 
forget and "let the dead past bury its dead." 

Those who had seen little of actual war were as a rule 
the most vindictive. But few years had passed away 
until those who had worn the "blue" and those who had 
worn the "gray" began to mix and mingle with each 
other in social, church and business relations and after the 
excitement and passion that had ruled the hour had sub- 
sided, and reason resumed its sway over the minds of men 
each began to give the other credit for honesty of purpose 
in the view's they had entertained and for which each had 
offered up the strongest proof of sincerity in his convic- 
tions that man can possibly give — life itself. 

But for many years there continued to be, here and 
there, a few allusions to the past even between those who 
had become good friends. Sometimes they came up in 
a good-natured way in the shape of jokes and witticisms ; 
iit other times they were the overflowing of some good 


honest Union man, who, while he bore no mahce or ill 
will in his heart towards those whom he had once re- 
garded as his enemies, could not at all times refrain from 
alluding in a somewhat uncomplimentary way to the 
"Lost Cause" and its-fullowers. 

A story illustrating this point, in which the Rev. John 
Hughes is the central figure seems worth relating. Rev. 
Hughes was an ardent Union man who like many other 
East Tennesseeans "proved his faith by his works," and 
joined the Federal army, and was a gallant soldier, meet- 
ing with the sad misfortune during his ser\'ice of losing 
an eye by a rebel bullet. 

After the war he became an able minister in the M. E. 
Church and was held in high esteem by all who knew him, 
both on account of his ability as a preacher, and his char- 
acter as a Christian gentleman. We have been informed 
that he was a native of Greene county, and a citizen of 
Greeneville, Tenn. He was a member of the Holston 
Conference and at a meeting of the District Conference 
held in the old college building at Johnson City, Tenn., 
in the early 70's Rev. Hughes was on the programme, 
and the subject assigned him was "The Evils of War." 
There was a large audience in attendance, among them 
those who had fought in the Confederate army 
as w^ell as many who had been Union soldiers. 
He described the cruelty of war, especially 
of civil war, in which friend was arrayed 
against friend, brother against brother, and father 
against son. He described the home-leaving, some going 
into one army and some into the other; the anguish of 
mothers, wives, sisters and daughters; he portrayed the 
sufferings and horrors and cruelties of war in vivid 
words, and compared it with the spiritual warfare, the 
strife against evil. In his sermon he touched upon the 
cruelties practiced upon the Union people in East Ten- 
nessee and censured the Confederate authorities, but in 
his peroration he spoke of the proclamation of peace and 
the gladness of the soldiers of both armies in being able 
to return to their homes and described their home-coming 


and the blessings of peace and rc-iiniting of families and 
friends who had been separated and estranged so long, 
in such glowing terms that he moved his audience to 
tears, Federals and Confederates alike. 

It was announced that Rev. Hughes would preach at 
night, and he was greeted with a large congregation and 
although he had "tramped on the toes" of the ex-rebels, 
supposing his evening sermon would not pertain to secu- 
lar things, quite a number of them attended. The preacher 
announced that his text would be found in Luke 3d chap- 
ter and 14th verse, and read as follows: "The soldiers 
likewise demanded of hiiu saying, and what shall we 
do?" His ex-Confederate auditors suspecting from the 
text that like his day talk his sermon would be along the 
lines of the war got up, one by one, and left the house, 
all except two, who were both prominent men and had 
been in the Confederate army. They looked at each other 
and settled down in their seats and gave the preacher the 
best of attention. He dwelt for .sometime on the life of 
the soldier, speaking of the hardships and dangers asso- 
ciated with it, and the patience and courage and faith in 
his superior olhcers, the necessity of promptness in per- 
forming his whole duty, stating that the same patience, 
courage and faith were necessary in the life of the Chris- 
tian in combatting the evils of sin. Finallv warming up 
he recounted many of the cruelties practiced upon the 
Union people of East Tennessee and again paid his re- 
spects to the Confederate soldiers and government for 
the atrocities that had been committed, pointing out many 
of them. His two Confederate auditors winced under 
his excoriation of the conduct of their government 
towards the loyal people of East Tennessee, but they re- 
mained and heard him tlirough. 

After the congregation was dismissed one of the men 
was heard to say to the other. "What do you think of the 
sermon?" The other replied : "Well, there is a great deai 
of truth in what he said, there was a great deal of un- 
necessary cruelty shown towards the loyal men of Easr 
Tennessee by our people." 


At another time the Rev. Mr. Hughes was engaged in 
what is known as a union-revival meeting at a Southern 
M. E. Church. It so happened that the minister of that 
church had been a Confederate soldier. The meeting 
was a very successful one and resulted in many conver 
sions and a general awakening of religious fervor and 
zeal. At one of the meetings the ministers both got very 
happy and were shaking hands around when the Southern 
minister grasped the hand of Mr. Hughes and said : 
"Thank God, Brother Hughes, there will be no deform- 
ities in heaven, and no eyes shot out there." The brother 
replied : "Yes, and thank the Lord there will be no rebels 
there to shoot them out." The good old brother prob- 
ably did not mean it in the sense that no rebels would get 
to heaven, but that in that world all would be peace and 
brotherly love. 

In writing up the various subjects pertaining to the 
people of Carter and Johnson counties we have had fre- 
quent occasion to allude to the nianners and customs and 
their modes of enjoyment previous to the Civil War. It 
might be well to say that circumstances have wrought 
many changes that are not to be regretted; but whether 
these changes have brought about a greater amount of 
happiness it is needless to discuss. 

The car of progress has driven l)ef()re it many primi- 
tive customs that w^ere necessary and desirable in their 
day and generation, and which contriliuted to the happi- 
ness and welfare of the people under the conditions that 
existed then, but we can scarcely lament that elegant 
school and college buildings, sucli as may be found at 
Elizabethton and Milligan, Mountain City and Butler, 
and throughout the more rural sections of Carter and 
Johnson counties, as well, have supplanted the less pre- 
tentious school buildings of those towns in the ante-bellum 
days, and tlie rude log school houses and slab-benches of 
the rural districts. The advancement in education, we 
trust, is driving out the great impediment to progress and 
refinement to social order, and to that desirable state of 
society that will discountenance, disapprove and banish 


forever from its presence that greatest enemy of man- 
kind, alcohol, which has been so fruitful of crime and S0 
detrimental to all that is good and noble and elevating, 
both among the rich and the poor, and in high and low 
places. Neither can we very well offer regrets that the 
quiltings and log-rollings and corn-huskings, the shoot- 
ing matches and musters, the frolics and dances have 
given place to a great extent, at least in the better class of 
society, to more refined amusements and enjoyments, 
such as the theatre, the club-room, the reading-room, tea 
parties, Sunday-school, the Christian Associations of 
various kinds, and other modern modes of entertainment 
looking to a higher enjoyment of life, and to the "mprove- 
nient of the mind, enlarging human capacity to enjoy the 
manifold blessings of life, and teaching the great lesson 
of love which embraces the whole Divine law. 

Let us trust that in the Divine plan the scenes through 
which the generation that is now rapidly passing away, 
13assed, was for some great purpose, though incomprehen- 
sible to us. Perhaps such scenes were necessary to dem- 
onstrate the horrors of civil war with such awfulness that 
none w'ould dare repeat it ; to place the seal of condemna- 
tion forever upon human slavery, and to teach other great 
lessons. Perhaps it was all necessary to seal, in an indis- 
soluble Union, never to be broken, the great common- 
wealths, extending from ocean to ocean, and from the 
icy and inhospitable climate of the North to the gentle 
breezes of the gulf where perennial flowers grow, so that, 
imited they would bless mankind forever with an ex- 
ample of "Liberty enlightened by law;" and its effulgent 
rays be destined to give light and liberty to all peoples to 
the end of time. 

Were these the purposes and designs of the great Civil 
War in the mind of Deity, which for the fierceness of the 
struggle, the heroism displayed on both sides, its dura- 
tion, loss of life and property, the suffering it entailed, 
has no parallel in the history of modern times, (and who 
can say these were not its purposes?) then the South, as 
well as the North, was in the right. Those who fought 
vnder the stars and bars were fulfilling the same destiny 


as those who fought under the stars and stripes, and ali 
were instruments, first in purifying, and next in giving 
-prestige to a Government that is to be the hope of the 
world, and the arbiter of nations; whose flag must be 
the emblem of peace, and whose strength and greatness 
must lie in the intelligence, patriotism and Christian prin- 
ciples of its people, and, with the world's consciousness of 
a mighty power, to be wielded only for the right, and for 
the defense of the weak, peace will at last prevail over all 
the earth, and war, with its horrors, will he know^n no 

In apparent fulfillment of such a destiny, at the close of 
liostilities, more than a million of armed men, fresh from 
the field of strife, assumed the duties of citizenship, and 
turned their thoughts at once to building up ruined homes 
and fortunes, exhibiting no trace of the demoralization of 
the camp, but became the leading citizens of the nation. 
and the country went forward in progress, in the arts and 
sciences, in agriculture and in all the peaceful pursuits of 
fife as no other country ever has done, obliterating the 
scars of Civil War, building churches and institutions of 
learning, uniting the remote parts of the country by bands 
of steel, pushng out for their share of the world's com- 
merce, keeping pace with the age in inventions, and only 
pausing at almost the close of the century that had seem- 
ingl)'- come near witnessing its annihilation, to drive Spain 
from the W'estern Continent at almost a single blow, to 
emphasize its adherence to the Monroe Doctrine, and dem- 
onstrate that our nation is a world-power. 

We have ample reason to believe that our country un- 
der the guidance of wise and safe rulers, purified through 
the fiery furnace of civil war, united, prosperous and 
happy, has a destiny before it far greater and grander 
than its most optimistic founders, builders and defenders 
ever dared to dream of. 

"Sail on, O, ship of State! 
Sail on, O Union, strong and great! 
Humanity with all its fears, 
With all the hopes of future years, 

"Is hanging breathless on thy fate." 



A Sketch of Daniel Ellis' Adventures as Union Pilot, With 
Many Thrilling Adventures and Hair-Breadth Escapes of This 
Brave and Daring Scout and Pilot Who Took More Than 
4000 Men Into the Eederal Army From Ea-t Tennessee, South- 
west \'irginia and Western Norih Carolina, and W^hose Name 
is Familiar to Thousands of Unior \'eterans All Over the 
United States. 

The remarkable career of Daniel Ellis as a daring and 
successful scout and pilot, and the extraordinary service 
rendered to the United States Government in conducting 
4000 men from Tennessee. Southwest Virginia and 
Western Xorth Carolina into the Eederal lines, swelling 
the Union ranks by that large number of brave men at 
a time when they were greatly needed to uphold the Union 
cause, deserves more than a passing notice. We there- 
fore devote this chapter to a sketch of the life and ad- 
ventures of this unpretentious citizen and soldier whose 
sen-ices were no less helpful and important to the Union 
])eople, especially of Carter and Johnson counties, Tenn., 
than they were to the Government he served so faithfully 
and well. 

A description of the man, and an account of his early 
environments, and the distinctive ]:)ersonality that fitted 
liim for the peculiar service that made him famous will 
no doubt be read with absorbing interest by those who 
enjoy reading about the romantic or heroic phases of 
human life. 

Daniel Ellis was born in Carter county, Tenn., De- 
cember 2^, 1827. His father, Wiley Ellis, though a small 
land holder, was comparatively poor and he and his chil- 
dren, eight in number, were compelled to labor to seciu'e 
a modest living. 

Daniel was not of a literary turn of mind and if he had 
been he had poor opportunities to improve his mind, as 
the schools in the neighborhood were poor and his father 


was not able to send him off to school. Hence he grew 
up to manhood with little learning or knowledge of the 
world. His youth had been spent working on a poor 
farm, hunting, fishing and indulging in the usual sports 
and pastimes of the ordinary backwoods boy of that day. 

Being full of patriotism and fond of adventures, he, 
together with a large number of young men from Carter 
and Johnson counties, responded to the call for volunteers 
to go to Mexico. He enlisted in Captain Patterson's 
company of the 5th Regiment. Tennessee Volunteers, in 
March, 1847. His company left Jonesboro, Tenn., about 
the 1st of March, 1847. It went in fiat boats to Chatta- 
nooga. Tenn., where the boats were taken in tow by 
steamboats and taken to Memphis, and from there to 
New Orleans. The regiment reached Vera Cruz, Mexico, 
about April i, 1847. The war ended before this regi- 
ment got into any very exciting service. 

Ellis, together with his comrade., from Carter and John- 
son counties, returned to their homes. He then served 
an apprenticeship as wagon and carriage-maker at Jones- 
boro, Tenn. After learning his trade he married in Wash- 
ington county, Tenn., and returned to his native county, 
W'here he settled down. He divided his time thereafter 
between farming and working at his trade. There was 
nothing in his character to distinguish him from the 
ordinary citizen until after the beginning of the Civil 
War. He had seen a little more of the world, perhaps, 
on his trip to Mexico than fell to the lot of most of his 
neighbors. The Civil War found him a man 34 years of 
age, in the prime of his manhood. He was six feet high, 
of athletic build and with sinewy muscles. His com- 
plexion was slightly dark, with black hair and keen 
black eyes. 

He had rather a handsome face with nothing about it 
to betray to the ordinary observer the resolute character 
he afterwards displayed. He was regarded as a man of 
considerable native ability and good judgment, of kind 
disposition and an honest, law-abiding citizen. Having 
been born in the mountain region he loved the hills and 


streams and delighted in the hunt and chase. He was a 
natural woodsman and seldom lo-t his way. While hi? 
never studied the stars and planets which point the way 
of the mariner across the seas, he was enabled to make his 
way through the woods and mountains for long distances, 
even in the darkness of the night, with no path to guide 
him on his journey, directed by what seemed to be that 
natural instinct that enables birds and animals to keep 
their course from one end of the continent to the other 
with unerring precision. 

Of course he was not guided altogether in this way, 
but once learning the general topography of a country, 
and the course of its rivers and streams, and guided 'ii 
liis directions by the moss on the ;rees and other infallible 
sign-boards which Nature has provided, and which arc 
familiar to woodsmen, he rarely lost his direction. His 
early life ha\ing been spent largely in the mountains and 
woods, often hunting game by night as well as by day, 
his senses of vision and hearing became highly developed, 
enabling him to see objects in the night that were in- 
visible to the ordinary individual, and hear sounds that 
others could not hear, so that he was peculiarly fitted for 
the daring and successful adventures that made him so 
famous during the Civil War. 

Having followed the flag in Mexico, and possessnig 
that spirit of loyalty and devotion to the Union that char- 
acterized the majority of the people of East Tennessee, he 
entered in the plans and purposes of the Union people 
with all his might and strength, soon exhibiting the qual- 
ities of energy, intelligence and courage that made him a 
noted man. He was first engaged in the bridge burning 
and the Carter county rebellion, and afterwards in pilot- 
ing refugees from the conscript officers, and escaped pris- 
oners from upper East Tennessee, Southwest Virginia 
and Western North Carolina, into the Federal lines, at 
first in Kentucky, and later, to Nashville, Gallatin and 
Knoxville, Tenn. At this period of Ellis' life he was a 
man of pleasing manners and averse to bloodshed. In 
the early part of his career as a pilot he carried no arms 


but depended entirel}' upon strategy and outwitting" the 
enemy. He has been heard to say that at the beginning 
of the Civil W3.T he could not have been induced to shed 
the blood of his fellow-man in personal combat as he be- 
lieved his conscience would give him no peace afterwards 
should he do so, but after he had made a number of hair- 
breath escapes, and had seen his countrymen shot down in 
cold-blood, and a price had been set on his own head, he 
did arm himself and when the exigencies of the situation 
demanded it, he used his arms with most deadly effect. 
He was a man, however, when not aroused, of kindly dis- 
position, little resembling the shaggy-browed heroes of 
fiction, or even the stern-looking heroes we read of in 

To thoroughly understand the dangers and hardships 
to which Ellis was exposed it is necessary that the reader 
should have a clear conception of the situation then exist- 
ing in East Tennessee, and especially in the two counties 
of Johnson and Carter. It is also necessary that the 
reader should know something of the route over which he 
traveled so often. 

We can give our readers no better idea of the condition 
prevailing in these two counties, and in the whole of East 
Tennessee, than by giving a quotation from a speech de- 
livered in New York by Hon. Champ Clark, of Missouri, 
at a banquet in honor of General Grant's birthday, April 
25, 1892. Mr. Clark said among other things: 

"In Missouri the war was waged with unspeakable bit- 
terness, sometimes with inhuman cruelty. It was fought 
by men in single combat, in squads, in companies, in regi- 
ments, in the fields, in fortified towns and in ambush, un- 
der the stars and stripes, under the stars and bars and un- 
der the black flag. The arch fiend himself seems to have 
been on the field in pers(^n, inspiring, directing, command- 

This description applies equally well to East Tennessee,, 
and, indeed, wherever there was a sufficiently strong 
Union sentiment in the South to attempt to assert itself. 
No language could more truthfully portray the situation 


that existed in East Tennessee when Daniel Ellis was 
making his trips backward and forth to Kentucky. 

Now to show the physical endurance necessary to ac- 
complish what Ellis did the reader should know that in 
making his trips to Kentucky he had the following ob- 
stacles to encounter. First, the Doe and Watauga rivers ; 
often so swollen they could not be crossed for days at a 
time, or in Winter running with mush-ice, keeping his 
men in waiting and exposed to capture, which often meant 
death. Then came the North and South Forks of the 
Holston river, presenting a formidable obstacle, espe- 
cially when swollen, or in the Winter when it often had to 
be swam or waded, regardless of the temperature. Then 
came Bays and the Clinch Mountains, steep and rugged 
ranges over which the travelers must pass, and then the 
Clinch river, another large stream must be crossed. Next 
came a steep ridge, called C<^ffer Ridge, and a large 
stream, almost a river, called Coffer Creek. Then came 
Powell's Mountains, tall rough and rugged, and Waldens 
Ridge, the \Vildcat Mountain and then Powells river, and 
then the great Cumberland ^lountain and the large and 
swiftly flowing Cumberland river. It would seem now a 
herculean task for a man to start to the interior of Ken- 
tucky on foot, and by night, even over the public high- 
ways, but then the river crossings and most of the moun- 
tain passes were guarded and the valleys were swarming- 
with rebel soldiery. 

In the beginning Ellis was wholly unaware of his 
adaptability to the profession (as it may be termed) of 
pilot, but it is said that great occasions produce men suit- 
able to the emergency, and immediately after the bridge 
burning and Carter county rebellion there was great need 
of some strong, bold man, to guide the fugitives from the 
wrath of the Southern soldiery to a haven of safety across 
the rugged ranges of the Cumberland mountains. 


Ellis' first real adventure occurred near what was then 
known as "O'Brien's Old Forge," now Valley Forge. On 


the 16th of November, 1861, Gen Leadbetter, having dis- 
persed the Union forces at the Doe River Cove who had 
been engaged in rebellion, sent a company of soldiers 
down Doe River in the direction of Elizabethton, arrest- 
ing Union men indiscriminately. The officer had with 
him Stanford Jenkins, the guard captured and released 
by the bridge burners at Zollicoffer, for the purpose of 
identifying bridge burners. Among others arrested was 
Daniel Ellis. \\'hile the column was halted in front of 
Elbert Range's house, Jenkins identified Ellis as a bridge 
burner. The rebel officer in charge said to Ellis : "You 
d — d scoundrel, you shall not live two minutes." .Ellis, 
notwithstanding there were rebel soldiers all about him, 
made a dash through an open gate and through an open 
porch or entrv between the kitchen and main building of 
Range's house, shedding his bear-shin overcoat as he 
went. The house screened him for some distance, and 
the soldiers were too much surprised at his audacity to 
think of firing until he was some distance away ; but as he 
went up the hill, in plain view, through the open field, the 
shots came thick and fast, and the cavalryman followed 
him shouting and yelling, but he made his escape into the 
friendly shelter of a cedar thicket unharmed. 

After this adventure Ellis made his way to the Pond 
Mountain in the eastern part of Carter county and went 
into a camp with Col. Dan. Stover and others far back 
in the mountain where they were waiting with much, 
anxiety for the advent of the Federal army, which at 
that time was daily expected to come to the relief of the 
Union men. As Ellis was known to be a good woods- 
man, trusty and capable of much endurance, he was 
selected to go back into the vicinity of Elizabethton to 
convey letters to the men's families, learn the news and 
bring back letters and such articles of necessity as he 
could carry back to the camp. 

Not being able to learn anything about the movements 
of the Federal army, Ellis at length determined to go t6 


Kentucky and see for himself what the prospects for the 
relief of the Union people were. Accordingly about the 
1st of April, 1862, he started out on his lirst journey 
through the mountains to Kentucky, not as a pilot, for a^ 
yet the way was unknown to him, but in company with 
one other man as far as Bays Mountain in Sullivan 
county, Tenn. He parted with his companion after learn- 
ing the names of a number of Union men along the w'ay 
he expected to go, and traveled alone until he fell in with 
a company of Union men who were being piloted to 
Kentucky by a man named W^illiam McClain. He found 
in this company a number of his acquaintances from Car- 
ter county, and in ccMupany with them made the journey 
through the UKnuitains, enduring much suffering for 
want of food and water, and undergoing much fatigue 
from climbing the precipitous hills and mountains, but at 
length reached Cumberland Gap in safety. This place 
was then occupied by Federal troops under Gen. G. W. 
Morgan. One of the Federal brigades of Tennessee 
troops was commanded bv Gen. S. P. Carter, whom Ellis 
had known from boyhood. 

Gen. Carter treated him with great kindness, but gave 
him little hopes of early relief for his friends, and after 
resting a few days he determined to return to Carter 
county and make known to his friends there the true 
state of affairs. In company with ^IcClain he started on 
his return, crossing the Cumberland and Powell's moun- 
tains, Walling's ridge, and wading rivers and streams, 
rfter a tedious and toilsome journey of five days, h.; 
reached his home. 

He gained much valuable information on this trip rela- 
tive to the country, directions, dangerous places, where to 
find friends and where to be on the lookout for enemies, 
both from his own observations and what information he 
obtained from McClain. 

The Union men who were hiding in the mountains 
soon learned of Ellis' return home and began to impor 
tune him to pilot them at least as far as Sullivar. county. 
\Ahere they hoped to fall in with McClain. After resHng 


a few days he consented, and on the night of the 28th of 
August, 1862, started from a point near EHzabethton 
with 75 men, under promise to conduct them to what was 
called the boat-yard, in Sullivan county, Tenn., a distance 
of thirty miles from Elizabeihton. After traveling- 
through a most terrific storm the first night, the second 
right he succeeded in reaching the boat-yard, and turn- 
ing the men over to McClain who piloted them the re- 
mainder of the way to Cumberland Gap. While on his 
return he came very near falling into the hands of some 
rebel soldiers, but with his usual quick wit managed to 
elude them. 

These were his initial trips, and upon his return home 
he found J. W. M. Grayson, who was afterwards a Major 
in the Thirteenth Tennessee Cavalry, with 100 recruits 
waiting to be taken through the lines. The position of 
pilot was not sought by Ellis but thrust upon him. 

Every mountain pass and river crossing was now 
closely guarded. Rebel cavalry could be seen riding 
through the valleys by the men as they rested upon the 
mountain sides, concealed from view, during the day. 
Dangers menaced them on every hand but by the skillful 
management of their leader this large body of men got 
safely through. Having piloted so large a body of men 
safely through the lines, while many other companies of 
men under other pilots had been captured at different 
points in East Tennessee, Ellis' reputation was estab- 
lished, and his services sought on every hand. But we 
cannot follow him, as for more than three years he con- 
tinued in this hazardous business going sometimes t:> 
Cumberland Gap. Barboursville, Camp Dick Robinson 
and Lexington, Kentucky, and later across the mountains 
of Washington. Cocke, Greene and Sevier counties, and 
across the Nola Chucky, French Broad and ITolston riv- 
ers, to reach Knoxville, Nashville and other points in 

He made his return trips all alone, and at one time 
came onto three putrid bodies of men. near a spring, wdio 
had been captured and hanged and left to be devoured by 


the buzzards. IJe often found tlie skeletons of men itt 
the mountains, some of whom liad ])rol)ahly been shot and 
ethers had given out on tiie way and liad perished from 
starvation. When he would return to liis native county 
the fact was soon made known, often through his indis- 
creet friends to wliom he had brought lettei^, money and 
valuable packages from their friends in the army. 

We shall not attempt to follow him through all his 
escapades in his many marches across the mountains with 
his men, or on his lonely trips as he made his way back 
burdened with letters and tokens of love and remem- 
brances that he was bearing back to the mother, wife, 
sister or su eetheart. from the loved ones in the army. Nor 
shall we attempt to describe his feelings, when, though the 
familiar landmarks told him he was approaching the pkiy- 
place of his boyhood and the home of his manhood that 
held all that was dear to him in life, he knew deadly foes 
were lurking there to kill or capture him. 

But his friends compared him to an "old red fox" be- 
cause the fox is sly and hard to catch napping, and very 
often when its pursuer thinks he has it hemmed on all 
sides, Reynard slips out in some mysterious wa}-. So it 
was with Ellis, there seemed to be a charm about his life. 

Once, when returning from one of his trips to Ken- 
tucky he came in sight of a crossing place on the river, 
but rebel soldiers were continually passing back and forth 
in squads of two, three or more, going to a distillery near- 
by. The river was swollen and he could not wade or 
swim it. He was pinched by hunger, having traveled 
long without eating. He remained for several hours 
watching from his place of concealment and at last all 
were out of sight except one rebel soldier, but he had a 
gun. He was preparing to take the boat to the opposite 
side of the river. Ellis w'atched his opportunity and when 
the soldier was not looking towards him, he stepped into 
the path and walked, unconcerned, towards him, hailed 
him and asked him to set him across the river. The sol- 
dier scrutinized him for a moment and seeing nothing 
about him to arouse suspicion, told him to get in the boat. 


They entered into conversation, Ellis telling hiin he lived 
in the neighborhood and was taking some things over to 
Air. Blank, mentioning the name of a well-known rebel 
citizen he knew lived in the neighborhood. The soldier 
told him they were on the lookout for a notorious Lm- 
colnite, named Ellis, that piloted renegades through the 
lines and 'asked Ellis if he had ever seen him. Ellis told 
him he had never seen him but bad heard a good deal of 
him and knew he was a bad man. The soldier then said : 
"Well, if we catch him he will not pilot any more Lin- 
colnites through the lines." Reaching the shore the sol- 
dier asked him to go to the still-house with him and get 
some liquor, but Ellis declined, thanked the soldier for 
taking him across the river and walked slowly away until 
out of sight when he walked as only Dan. Ellis could 
walk in those days. 

At another time, having taken about 25 men to Kings - 
port on the way to Kentucky, he concealed them under 
the banks of the river while he went to the house of a 
Union man ^\ ho was well-known to him to ask for the use 
of his canoe, and find out whether there were any rebels 
in the vicinity. The friend told him there was a com- 
l)any of rebels there, and a squad of them had charge of 
the canoe and were at that moment watching for him. 
and the best thing he could do would be to get away from 
there as quickly as possible. Ascertaining the exact loca- 
tion of the squad of men who had charge of the canoe, 
Ellis concealed his men under the bank of the river some 
distance below them and then str.rted cautiously towards 
them. The night was quite dark, and approaching quite 
near to them he found, as he had hoped, that they were 
all lying down and probably asleep, for it was late at 
night, or rather early in the morning, for it was long 
past midnight. Ellis now lying flat upon his belly moved 
himself, almost by inches, towards the canoe which was 
within 20 feet, or less, of the guard. At this moment he 
made a slight noise, unintentionally, and quick as thought 
a soldier sprang to his feet with his gun in his hand. Ellis 
thouc-ht for a mr.ment his fate was sealed but ilvt soldier 


peered around in the darkness, and seeming to satisfy 
himself that the noise he had heard was but the splashing 
of the waves or a false alarm of some kind, lay down 
again. Ellis lay perfectly still, scarcely danng to 
breathe, until he thought the soldier had time to get back 
to sleep, and then crawled up to the canoe, which was but 
slightly drawn up on the bank, he gathered up the chain 
in a bunch and laid it gently in the bottom of the canoe., 
then gradually loosening it from its moorings floated with 
it silently out into the stream. He reached his men, and 
when they were all safely across, pushed the canoe out 
into the river, so it could not be used to follow him. The 
party then made their way hurriedly to Bays Mountain, 
about three miles distant, where they concealed them- 
selves. The next morning, from their hiding place in the 
mountain, they could see the rebel soldiers galloping back 
and forth and hear them shoutng and cursing, for they 
were doubtless angry, even with themselves, because they 
had let the "old red fox" outwit them. 

But it must not be assumed that Ellis' courage con- 
sisted in performing only such feats as we have described, 
though it must be admitted thev required no small amoun'. 
of nerve and daring; but, when the chances were any- 
thing like equal, he never hesitated to meet an enemy face 
to face in the open. His courage was tested on many 
occasions, both during and since the Civil War. No 
man when confronted with danger could more truthfully 
than he, make use of the language imputed to Fitz James 
w hen confronted liy the hosts of Rhodtrick Dhu : 

"Come one, come all, this rock shall fly 
From its firm base as soon as I." 

Ellis made a mistake in writing an autobiography. He 
if, too modest to make a display of his own heroism. His 
story should have been written by another who was 
familiar with his daring and his brave deeds. None but 
a Caesar or a Paul Jones could gracefully make a hero of 
l.'imself. We can mention here but a few^ more incidents 
of his life as a scout and pilot: for this history in full, 

434 HISTORY OF the 13TH regiment 

we refer our readers to his book entitled "Adventures of 
"Daniel Ellis, the Union Guide," published by Harper 
Bros., New York, in 1367, which we understand is still in 


\\'e ha\"e referred to the danger attending Ellis when 
lie would return from Kentucky The fact of his return 
always became known, even io the Confederate officers 
and soldiers, and man}- ineffectual eft'orts were made to 
capture him. But he liad man}- friends who gave him 
warning of approaching danger. Sometimes, however, 
he made very narrow escapes. At one time some rebel 
i'oldiers got within a few feet of him while he was in 
a house at Hampton, Tenn., before he knew they were 
rear. The men who were with him were captured, but 
he knew that with him, capture meant death, so he made 
a break for the Jenkins mountairi closely pursued by sev- 
eral soldiers ^^•ho were firing on him at every step. He 
leturned the fire but as the odds were greatly against 
lam, continued to retreat and finaP.y escaped by having 
superior endurance. But his pow-er of endurance was 
severely tested on this occasion, and after running up the 
steep mountain side he fell exhausted and it was sometime 
before he could recover his breath. 

At another time he escaped from Capt. Young's men 
j.t his home. This time he got to his fleet-footed horse 
and saved himself by flight. These efforts to capture or 
kill him aroused all the vindictiveness of his nature and 
he determined upon revenge. After his flight from Young- 
it was alleged that that officer allowed his men to rob 
Ellis' house and abuse his wife. Soon after this Capt. 
Young with his company were on the road from Doe 
River Cove to Elizabethton. Ellis Avas in w'aiting for 
them near a ford of Doe river known as the "Skin-Pine" 
ford. The compauA- had passed wheie Ellis was concealed 
Avhen Ca|)tain Young, who for some reason was some 


distance in tlie rear of the company, came along, Ellis 
:?tepped out into the road and halted him and immediately 
opened fire on him with his Spencer ritle, kilHng him al- 
most instantly. Captain Young's son visited the placv,* 
vhere his father was killed a few years ago and marked 
the spot with a stone upon which was engraved his 
father's name and the date of death. l)ut the inscrip- 
tion has been defaced hy some one. 


There was in jcjhnson count)- a company of men known 
ixS the "Johnson c(junty home-guards," commanded by 
Captain Parker. They were acti\e in hunting down 
Union men in that county and it was alleged were most 
cruel and inhuman in their treatment of old men and even 
women and children. These men made frequent incur- 
sions into Carter county and were charged with hanging 
and shooting fi\'e Union men at one time near what is 
jiow the Fish Spring. The act was committed just across 
the line in Johnson county, but some of the men were 
citizens of Carter. Othe<" Carter county men were killed 
by Parker and his men. Ellis was called upon to try to 
put a stop to what the Union people regarded as inhuman 
and needless butchery of citizens who had committed no 
offence except that of loyalty to the Union. Ellis went 
up into Johnson county and in companv with other Union 
citizens who knew Parker personally, took a position near 
the road along which Parker and his men were expected 
to pass. The companv passed but Parker was not with 
them. Presently, however, he came riding along alone. 
As in the case of '^'f)ung. Ellis stepped into the road and^ 
halted him and opened fire on liim. Parker fell from his 
horse, and when his friends returned to look for him they 
found his coat and hat but could find no trace of him. 
Several weeks passed and his body was found at last in 
the woods near a farm-house. The surroundings gave 
evidence of a horrible death hastened bv starvation. After 


being wounded he had crawled a distance of perhaps two 
miles but had been unable to attract the attention of any 
person. Little sympathy was expressed for this man. 
whose name was William Parker, especially by the Union 
people, as he had gained the reputation of being a most 
cruel and heartless individual. 

Other tragedies in which Ellis had a hand will be men- 
tioned in the chapter of tragedies. 

Ellis had much to arouse his passions and when once 
aroused he was found to be a dangerous enemy. He 
usually had about him a few friends who were as brave 
and daring as himself. Among them were Elbert and 
Robert Treadway. Towards the last of the war these 
rien, as well as Ellis himself, were armed with repeating 
rifles, and each had two six-shooting army pistols. Being- 
excellent marksmen these three men were foes not to be 
despised by a whole company of the enemy. 

At one time a squad of twenty or thirty rebel soldiers 
who was encamped on the Waiauga river, went out to 
the vicinity of Ellis' home. Robert Treadway was off 
some distance but Ellis and Elbert opened fire on the 
soldiers and after wounding several of them put them 
to flight. Hearing the firing Robert hurried to the scene 
and joining Ellis and his brother, the three men drove 
the squad of soldiers several miles back to their camp. 
People who still remember this fight say the firing was 
so rapid that it sounded as if there was at least a company 
engaged on each side. 

Ellis gained such a reputation for his fighting qualities 
and for the accuracy of his aim that few men, even brave 
soldiers, cared to venture within range of his gun. There 
is little doubt that when it was seen by the reckless men 
on the other side that shooting was a game that two 
could pla}?- at. the shooting and hinging did not occur 
so frequently. If the truth were told in regard to one- 
half of the acts of inhumanity comiuitted by Parker and 
his men, his horrible death was not only a just retribu- 
tion for his misdeeds but a salutary lesson to men of hi > 
class to teach them " as ye sow, so shall ve reap." 




Daniel Ellis assisted in recruilino- Company A of the 
Thirteenth Tennessee Cavalry and was tendered the Cap- 
taincy of that company in 1863, but the service he had 
been able to render the Government at that time as well as 
the Union men as a pilot in taking them out of danger 
and the advantage to the Keginient in bringing in recruits 
induced Col. Miller and others to advise him not to ac- 
cept a commission in the army. In fact, the restraints 
and discipline of military life were not suited to him. We 
are free to say that though possessed of the greatest cour 
age and intelligence, we do not believe he would have 
brooked the restraints of a line officer in the service suffi- 
ciently to have made him a success in that capacity. He 
preferred a free hand and a loose rein. He could direct 
others but did not care to be commanded. 

Give him 100 brave men. or even a smaller number, 
and turn him loose and his name was a terror to an 

This was demonstrated v. hen in March. 1865. having 
been appointed Captain of Company A, Thirteenth Ten- 
nessee Cavalry, he accepted the comniLssion as his service 
as Pilot was not now greatly needed. He asked for a de- 
tachment of men from the Regiment to go to Carter 
and Johnson counties where a few rebel so'diers still 
lingered and he wanted to have the honor of driving them 
away. He was given a detail of 32 men, including Lieut. 
Andrew CamplDell, who had been promoted for killing- 
Gen. Morgan. He started from Knoxville with this de- 
tachment on the 14th of March, 1865. They were all 
well armed, but not mounted, as they expected to mount 
themselves by capturing horses from the enemy. 

Before giving details of this expedition we desire to 
say we have gleaned a greater part of the facts from 
Ellis' history, written soon after the close of the war. 
when men's passions were still running high on both 


sides, and when all were laboring under the passions and 
prejudices that had been engendered by the war. The 
men who were with him were nearly all Carter and John- 
son county men who felt that they and their families had 
been wronged and mistreated by Confederate soldiers and 
citizens. They were no doubt filled with the spirit of 
hatred and revenge that prevailed at that time. 

Looking back from this distance at some of the acts 
that were committed by some members of this detachment 
\* e are not prepared to approve them, but it may be said 
they were in retaliation for acts of like character that 
had been committed by others. The killing of Henry 
and Isaac Nave as well as young Godfrey Stover, if the 
facts have been told, were acts greatly to be regretted. It 
lias been alleged that Stover was shot after he surrender- 
ed, and the Naves were not permitted to surrender. In 
extenuation of these charges, even if they are true, it may 
be said that the men who killed them claimed *to have 
been the victims of the malice and hatred of these men, 
and that they had been the instigators of the death of 
their friends. It is not our province, however, either 
to approve or condemn, but to relate the facts. It should 
be the duty of the historian, however humble his sphere, 
to make known such palliating circumstances as can be 
truthfully told that would relieve the dark shadow thar 
liung over many deerls that were committed in these coun- 
ties, on both sides, under the impulses that then ruled 
men's thoughts and actions. 

This detachment, after several days hard travel on 
foot, reached Elizabethton, near which place was Cap- 
tain Ellis' home. He had heard before reaching that 
p?ace there was a squad of rebel soldiers there, but when 
he approached the town it was learned they had de- 
camped. He then proceeded leisurely to the 'T.aurel," 
in Johnson county, going bv wa- of Stony Creek and 
Shady. Up to this time he had met with no startling ad- 
ventures. The Union neople gave the little detachment 
i> royal welcome, for even up to this late day they were 
accustomed to seeing only the "Gray ' and looking upon 


lliem as enemies, and with the greatest dread, but now 
tliey saw the bkie, under the old banner, and the old men 
who had seen it in Mexico, and others who had been 
taught to reverence it, wept with jo}-. 

Capt. Ellis learned through an old Union man that 
there was a company of rebel soldiers a short distance 
from where he was camped. A number of his men had 
dropped out at their homes in Carter county, but he had 
been joined by several armed Union citizens so that his 
detachment still numbered 25 or 30 men. The enemy 
was encamped about a log barn and that night Captain 
Ellis moved his men up to within striking distance of the 
barn and awaited daylight to make the attack. At day- 
bght, dividing his men into two squads, he made a rush 
for the enemy who was preparing breakfast in the barn 
lot. The enemy was greatly sur])rised ruid some of the 
men retreated in haste, others took refuge under the 
barn, but about 15 of them stood their ground and made 
a gallant resistance, but Ellis' men had superior arms 
and finally succeeded in capturing them Those who had 
concealed themselves under the barn were brought out 
and made prisoners. Ellis captured 36 good horses with 
bridles, saddles and blankets, besides a quantity of 
arms and provisions. Among the prisoners was a Ken- 
tucky captain and lieutenant. The Kentuckians were 
not all "colonels" in those days. 

Being now well mounted, Captain Ellis went back in 
the direction of Elizabethton where '\e learned a detach- 
ment of rebel soldiers under Capt. Olford Smith had been 
looking for him. and were still in the towai. He concealed 
his men about twd miles from town and about daylight 
on the f(^]lowing morning, dividing his men into three 
s(|uads, he charged into town on diiYerent streets com- 
pletely routing the squad of rebels, who fled in different 
directions. Capt. Ellis being mounted on a fast animal 
came up with three of the enemy who stopped and showed 
fight. He was by himself at this time, having left his 
men in his rapid pursuit of the enemy. He had also 
emptied his pistols and had no time to reload. He en- 


gaged in a hand to hand fight with the men, and his life 
was probably saved by the timely arrival of \V. W. Wil- 
liams of Company A, who came up and shot one of the 
men who had loaded his gun and was in the act of shoot- 
ing Captain Ellis. Before this time one of the rebel 
soldiers had been killed in Doe river, near where the foot- 
bridge now stands. It has been stated that this man 
whose name was Camper, gave "the grand-hailing sign of 
distress" of the Masonic fraternity, but this did not save 
him as it was not recognized by any of Capt. Ellis' 
party. Three men were killed on the side of the rebels, 
viz: Camper, Clark and Godfrey Stover, and eleven cap- 
tured. Captain Smith and one other man who was wound- 
ed, made their escape. Captain Smith was a native of 
Carter county and in this fight the spectacle was presented 
of neighbors fighting and killing each other, though this 
was nothing uncomm.on in East Tennessee during the 
Civil War. 


In April, 1865, Captain Ellis made a raid into Sulli- 
van county, Tenn. That county is on the border of Vir- 
ginia, and a majority of the citizens were disunionists 
during the war. When Ellis came into Carter county a 
number of rebel citizens of that county took refuge in 
Sullivan ; among others were Isaac L. and Henry C. 
Nave, two prominent citizens who lived on the Watauga 
river a few miles east of Elizabethton. Isaac L. Nave 
had been a prominent farmer and politician before the 
war, and Henry C. Nave was also a prominent farmer. 
Both men had always been regarded as good men and 
good citizens. They both espoused thiC Southern cause, 
and it was alleged, took an active part in persecuting Un- 
ion men and pointing them out to the Confederate authori- 
ties. Henry C. Nave had a son Jacob, who was a Lieu- 
tenant in the Confederate army, and it was said it was ex- 
ceedingly vindictive towards the Union people, even those 
who had been his near neighbors and school-mates. For 
these reasons there was a strong feeling against them 
among the I'nion people. 


When Captain Ellis' detachment went into Sullivan 
•county they ran on to the two elder Naves^ Isaac L. and 
Henry C. and shot them. Captain F.dis' version of the 
the killing is as follo\vs: "After pursuing our journey a 
little farther, we saw two men run out of a violent old 
rebel's house. Some of the men commenced shooting 
and calling on them to halt ; but the more we called on 
them to halt the faster they ran. When I got up closer 
1 heard one of my men say, 'That is Henry Nave.' I 
instantly turned my horse in another direction and rode 
off, for I did not wish to see him killed and I knew it 
would be perfect folly to endeavor to prevent the men 
from killing a man who had been such a desperate enemy- 
to them and their families. As 1 rode up towards the 
•other man that some of my men were pursuing 1 heard 
the gun fire that killed him. When I got closer to the 
other man, to my great surprise, I found it was Isaac L. 
Nave. He would not surrender, and being well armed, 
he continued to shoot as long as he could ; but he was 
soon killed." 

Other versions of the killmg of these men have been 
given out to the effect that they were shot down in cold 
blood without an opportunity to surrender, but as Cap- 
tain Ellis' character for truth and veracity has never 
been impeached, to our knowledge, we can but accept his 
version of the story as being true as he saw it. Yet we 
can but regret that the lives of these men as well as those 
of many others, once happy and prosperous citizens of 
Carter and Johnson counties, were a sacrifice to the am- 
bition of men who stirred up the passions of the people to 
?. state of frenzy that made civil war in our beloved coun- 
try possible. 


We will close this sketch of Capt. Ellis' war record by 
relating an incident that occurred at E'izabethton near the 
close of hostilities. During almost the entire w^ar period 
the Union men who remained in Carter countv were com- 


pelled to conceal their sentiments or hide in the monn- 
tains, but now the tables were turned and it liecame neces- 
sary for the rebels to conceal themselves. 

While Captain Ellis' men were in the country a party 
of rebels who had been in the Confederate army, but 
realizing the cause was lost, thougli hostilities had not 
yet ceased, came to the vicinity of their liDmes and formed 
a camp on the Holston mountain a few miles north of 
Elizabethton. Among these men were Major H. M. Fol- 
som. Captain G. W. Folsom, Col. N. M. Taylor, John 
S. Thomas and others. Captain Ellis a.nd these men had 
known each other from boyhood, and lie and Major Fol- 
som had always been special friends. One morning the 
Major hearing there were no Yankees in Elizabethto'.i 
came in town to visit his family. He had been at his 
home but a short time when Captain Ellis, Lieut. Camp- 
bell and Elbert Treadway rode up to his gate and hal- 
looed. Mrs. Folsom came to the door and Captain Ellis 
inquired if Major Folsom was at h(^me. The latter, who 
had followed his wife to the door, and was standing near, 
told her to tell him he was. Ellis tol:' her to tell him to 
step out to the gate. Folsom walked out to where they 
were and shook hands with Ellis. The latter told the 
two men, Campbell and Treadway, to ride on towards 
the public square as he wanted to talk to Major Folsom, 
but said for them to keep within sight of him. Major 
Folsom had on his Confederate uniform and Captain 
Ellis the Federal blue. The latter was armed, but Fol- 
som was not. He knew he was at Ellis' mercy if his in- 
tentions were hostile towards him, but Ellis had greeted 
him pleasantlv and he could not believe he would harm 
him, yet for a few moments the situation was anything 
but pleasant. When the two men had gone Ellis said. 
"Major, I have known where you and your friends were 
for sometime and could have captured you at any time. 
T want to say to you, go and tell them to return to their 
homes, and you remain at your home, not one of you 
shall be molested." Ellis then told the Major that he and 
his friends were going to have a fox chase on the Lynn 


mountain the next day, and in\ited him to go with him. 
The Major decHned the invitation, saying to ElHs, "Dan, 
I have no fear of you, but I do not beHeve it would be 
wise in me under the present state of feehngs, to do this; 
while I am sure you would do me no injury, others might, 
besides you know 1 hav^ never been a hunter or sports- 
man and would not enjoy the chase." Ellis replied that 
he would not insist on his going, but told him to remain 
at his home and said : "I will shoot any man that dares 
to molest you." He then rode away. 

The time had not come for men to readily trust each 
other; years of bitterness and hostility had destroyed all 
faith and confidence in men. and it would require other 
years to restore it. Major Folsnm returned to his com- 
panions in the mountains and told them of his unexpected 
interview with Ellis, and what the latter had said, but they 
did not then return to their homes 1 ut sought a iT.ore 
secure retreat. 


Captain Ellis was mustered out of service with the 
Regiment at Knoxville, Tennessee, September 5, 1865, 
and returned to his home in Carter county and went to 
work, manfully, to try to restore his home and provide 
a living for his family. 

We would state here that durmg the time he was en- 
gaged in piloting men through the lines, many who were 
able to do so, paid him handsomely for his services, and 
the soldiers were always willing to compensate him for 
carrying letters and packages back to their friends when 
he would accept pay. In this way he made a considerable 
amount of money, but there were hundreds of men who 
had nothing to pay, and for these he generously paid out 
his own money to supply them with food. 

Tn one instance he was intrusted with a valuable pack- 
age of money and merchandise amounting to over $500 
by one officer, besides a large luimbcr of other smaller 
packages. He brought them through safely and left them 


in the hands of a well known Union man^ Richard C. 
White, to be distributed to the families for whom they 
were intended. Mr. White indiscreetly wrote a note to 
the lady to whom the most valuable package belonged, 
advising her that it was at his house, and sent the note 
to her by a boy. The boy was intercepted by rebel sol- 
diers and they went to the house of White and forced him 
to deliver all the packages to them. Though Ellis had 
tried to do his duty in the matter, he felt he was in honor 
bound to make the loss good, and he paid to the officer's 
wife, and others who had sustained losses, the large sum 
of $1800. For this reason and owing to his great expense 
in procuring food, and traveling so much, and his gener- 
ous use of money for the benefit of distressed Union 
people, he had very little means when he came out of 
the army. He wrote his book soon after the war, and 
there was great demand for it locally. 

Everybody that had heard of Ellis wanted the book, 
and many bought it and paid for i*-, but in his open- 
handed way he let everyone have a copy and many were 
sold that were never paid for, so that most of his pro- 
fits went in that way. 

To add to his financial misfortune, being of a dis- 
position that he could not deny a favor to a friend, he 
hecame responsible for a large sum of security debts. 
This threatened to involve him in utter financial ruin, 
but, fortunately, through the influence of friends, he 
received the appointment of messengtr in the House of 
Representatives at Washington He went there and 
lived in the most economical way, saved up his salary 
and vindicated his honor by paying it on his security 
debts. About this time the Government allowed him 
the sum of $3050 for services rendered in taking re- 
cruits to the army. This was but slight compensation 
for almost three years of hazardous cUid toilsome labor. 

For some years after the war his life was frequently 
threatened by men Vi'hose friends hail been punished bv 
him for their misdeeds towards himself and his Union 
friends. Durino- this time he was never without the best 


arms, pistols and guns, that could be procured. He knew 
he had made bitter enemies by the publication of h's 
book, in which he had denounced, in the strongest terni-i. 
many prominent men who had been active in persecuting 
the Union people. 

At that time he often wore what was called a "hunt- 
ing shirt," made of heavy woolen material and worn 
outside the trousers. It was open in front, and worn but- 
toned up and tied in a knot, the waist part hanging loose, 
similar to the men's shirt-waists worn at the present day. 

When in the vicinity of home he usually carried a Win- 
chester riBe or a shot gun. When he went off some dis- 
tance he took with him two pistol-stocked 20-inch bar- 
rel, Smith and Weston guns, which he could conceal un- 
der his hunting shirt, and which could be brought into 
almost instant use. At one time wlun traveling on the 
railroad, there was a man on board the car whom Ellis 
knew had a grudge against him. The man finally ap- 
proached him and asked him if his i>ame was Dan. Ellis. 
Ellis replied : "I answer to that name here, or anywhere 
else, sir," at the same time looking '.he man in the eye 
and quietly putting his hand into the bosom of his hunt- 
ing shirt. The man asked no further questions. 

At another time a man approached him on the streets 
of Jonesboro and said to him : "Your name is Dan Ellis," 
he replied, "that's my name." The man said, "you pub- 
lished me in your book," at the same time reaching back 
for his pistol. In a moment Ellis covered him with one 
of his long-barrelled pistols and ordered him to about- 
face. He then marched the man out to the edge of town 
and told him to take the road and lea\ e town or he would 
shoot him like a dog. 

Many years ago Captain Ellis joined the M. E. church, 
and became an active worker in the church and Sunday 
school, and is liberal in paying ministers. He has spent 
years in reading and studying the Bible, and other reli- 
gious works, and is well informed on the scripture and 
Bible doctrine. A few years ago he became interested ii 
the history of Mormonism, and the "Latter Day Saints" 


and bought and read all the books he could find pertain- 
ing to that church. He has also been a great reader of 
history, especially that of the Civil War, and until re- 
cently was the owner of an extensive library, consisting 
largely of religious and historical works. 

In May, 1901, he had the misforturje to lose his home 
by flood — a comfortable brick ■louse recently built in a 
quiet, secluded place in the country. He also lost most 
of his household goods and many valuable books and 

Being now too old, as he says, to read, he gave what 
was left of his library, to his son. He has secured a very 
comfortable home at Hampton, Tenn., a small village near 
the place of his birth. He is yet quite strong for his ad- 
vanced age, being now (1902) in his 75th year. 

When he has but a few miles to go he usually walk.s 
rather than ride on the cars or horseback, and he some-, 
times makes trips of ten and fifteen miles on foot. He 
traveled on foot so much during the war that he seems 
to prefer it. We have extended this sketch of Captain 
Ellis because his has been an interesting and eventful life, 
and because we feel sure that not only his many friends 
in Tennessee, but hundreds who have read of his adven- 
tures in the National Tribune will read this sketch with 
much interest and pleasure. 

Captain Ellis' wife. Mrs. Martha Ellis, is still living. 
She is a woman of far more than ordinary intelligence, 
and she is still quite active and as bright, mentally, as 
in her youth. She was a very brave and helpful compan- 
ion to her husl)and during the Civil \A'ar. She was oiten 
harshly treated and her home robbed on account of the 
prominence of her husband. But her home was always 
open to the hungry and distrssed and she was tireless in 
ministering to the wants of the needy. 

Many strangers, visiting this part of the country, have 
called at Captain Ellis' home through curiosity to see a 
man who had served in two wars, and who had braved 
so many dangers and made so many miraculous escapes. 
Capt. and INIrs. Ellis have raised a family of seven chil- 


dren. fi\e of whom are now li\in<;. One son, Dr. llooker 
Ellis, is a prominent practicing phy-ician residing at 
Hampton, Tenn. .Another son, U. S. Grant Ellis, resides 
near X'alley Eorge, Tenn., and is a prominent member 
of the County Court of Carter county, Tenn., the other 
son, Daniel Ellis, Jr.. resides at Valley Forge, Tenn. One 
datighter, Mrs. Elizabeth E. liithaway, lives at Hamp- 
ton, Tenn., and the remaining daughter, Mrs. Barbara 
E. Bowers, lives at SiauL Tenn, 


One year ago (November, 1901.) we made our first 
bow to our readers in the shape ot a "i>reface," as writers 
of anything sufficiently ])retentious or extended as to 
claim for it the dignitv of "a history." 

We announced that it was to attempt to rescue from 
oblivion the names of the officers and men who compos- 
ed the gallant Thirteenth Regiment of Fennessee Cavalry, 
\J. S. A., and the names of the iOyal men and women of 
Carter and Johnson coimties "who daied so mtich and en- 
dured so much" for country and humanity, that we as- 
sumed this honorable but responsible task. 

Since then we have gone back in memory, to the happy 
ante-bellum days, and by the aid of that blessed faculty 
of the mind we have re-peopled our dear old home-town, 
and brought l)ack what are now but Jream-faces whose 
smiles blessed our infant years, and whose hands directed 
our tottering steps in paths of peace, ^^'e have recalled 
the peaceful homes and cheerful firesides, the songs of 
cheer, the voices of love, the gatherings of friends, the 
house of worship, the words of prayer and all that en- 
tered into the joys and sorrows of a happy, contented 
people. We have seen again their nrirth and festivities 
as well as the clouds that came to all in this life, for 

"Into each life some rain must fall. 
Some days be dark and dreary." 

Then we have seen the clouds of civil war gathering upon 


the people and startle them as the ring of the hunter's- 
rifle startles the deer in the forest. We have seen the 
peaceful homes alarmed and men and women like the 
parent-birds when danger threatens their brood, hurry 
to and fro and utter notes of alarm and danger, and try 
to gather their loved and helpless ones under their wings : 
we have seen the cloud burst upon then in all its fury and 
witnessed the pale faces of mothers. Avives, sisters and 
daughters, who, having interposed their prayers and tears 
and pleadings in vain, saw their dear ones marched off 
to prison or death, or shot down before their eyes; we 
have heard again their agonizing cries and stifled sobs. 

We have seen again the hunted '"efugee, a homeless 
wanderer on the earth — and thoup^h p»"rhaps he has been 
a child of luxury, a parent's hope, but for the friendly 
hospitality of strangers he would not have "where to lay 
his head." We have seen him again climb the rugged 
mountain side or wade the cold, icy river up to his arm- 
pits, and when he reached the shore, naked, and the wind 
cutting his skin like a knife, he runs to the distant moun- 
tain for safety; but when at last he is greeted by the sight 
of his country's flag his heart is filled with gladness and 
his eyes with tears of joy. All this and more came rush- 
ing back to us in a flood of memories. 

We have seen again the men steal away from home,, 
fall back with Burnside's army and organize the Thir- 
teenth Tennessee Cavalry. We have gone with them and 
seen them in the camp and marches and battles ; through 
heat and cold, sunshine and storm, in ^""ctory and disaster ; 
we have seen them in the charge and the retreat; we have 
seen them fall on the battle-field, and their mangled and 
bleeding bodies born back to the rear ; we have seen them 
lie down by the way-side from weariness and exhaus- 
tion. Again we have seen them in the hospitals racked 
with pain, and have seen their eyes closed in death. 
Finally, we have heard their loud huzzas, their shouts 
of triumph, their ringing laughter and heard their last 

Our task is done. We will now endeavor to bow our- 


selves Gill as gracefully as we may vvith no expectation 
of "great and prolonged applause,"" but with the earnest 
hope that we may have accomplished our purpose so far 
as to have brought back to the memory of many people, 
still living, interesting, though pain*"ul scenes, such as, 
fortunately, come to men and women rarely in this world, 
but which, when they do come lea\e iheir impress upon 
the ages. 

It was our further purpose in the beginning of this 
work to point out to those who shall come after us the 
heroic courage and unfaltering devotion manifested by 
their ancestors, whether citizens or soldiers, for the Union 
cause, and the sublime faith they exhibited in its ultimate 
triumph; and to lease upon record a few of their names, 
at least, to the end that they mav be perpetuated, and re- 
ceive from the generations to come the honor and praise 
which their sacrifices so richly deserve. Nor, as we have 
repeatedly observed, do we claim this honor for the sol- 
dier alone who battled so nobly for the cause, but it is as 
justly due, in even greater measure, if possible, to those 
noble men and women whom we do r.ot misname when 
we call them the "Heroes and Heroines of Carter and 
Johnson counties." 

To W'hatever extent we have acomjViished this purpose, 
and have revived in the memory of men a remembrance 
and appreciation of the splendid serv'':e and gallant con- 
duct of the brave men of the Thirteen. th Tennessee Cav- 
alry, and the men of other organizations who strove with 
them to free their homes and "place on high" again the 
glorious flag of liberty — the emblem of our country — 
to that extent our efforts will not have been in vain. 

If our readers have found in this book an honest effort 
to do justice to the character of the living and the mem- 
ory of the dead who participated in these turbulent scenes 
w^e shall accept with equanimity the criticisms our humble 
efforts may invite, feeling that he (or they) who performs 
his duty as best he can in w^hatever field that chance or 
destiny may assign him, though it be an humble part in 
the great drama of life, has done well. 


So, readers, comrades and friends, we make our final 
bow, asking you to join us in an invocation to Deity that 
our beloved land may never again be "drenched in fra- 
ternal blood,'" but that peace, unity and brotherhood may 
continue forever, and forevermore. 




Following is a roster of the Regiment by companies, taken from 
the Adjutant General's report made in 1867. Col. James P. Brown- 
low, of the First Tennessee Cavalry, was Adjutant General of the 
State of Tennessee at that time. 

We have made a number of corrections of names which were in- 
correctly spelled or gotten wrong through typographical errors. We 
have also eliminated the names of some men who left the Regiment 
and were never mustered. They did not, as we think, properly be- 
long to the Regiment, and should not have been borne on the roll.-; 
of the companies. We have corrected dates of enlistment that did 
many officers injustice, showing only their service after promotion. 
There are now but few of the old copies of the Adjutant Gen- 
eral's report in existence, and these are not accessable to many of 
the comrades. Most of them are torn and mutilated and in a few 
3'ears none can be found. This roll or roster will take its place, 
and we have no doubt, will be closely scanned by those who come 
after us, to see who of their kindred took part in the great Civil 
War, which will be to them what the War of 1812-15, and the pre- 
ceding wars are to us — a matter of history. 

A Roll of Honor containing the name of every soldier who was 
killed or died in the service, with the date and place of his death. 

A complete list of the names of the comrades now living as far 
as it has been possible to obtain thcni, with the present Post Office 
address of each of them. 

Regimental roll, containing the name, rank, age at date of en- 
listment, date of enlistment, and muster-in of each officer, non-com- 
inissioned officer, and private soldier of the Thirteenth Regiment of 
Tennessee \''olunteer Cavalry, U. S. A. : 


John K. Miller. Col. ; age. 35 ; enlisted, Oct. 5, '63 ; mustered in. Oct. 

5, '63. Organized the Regiment. Brigade Commander from 

April, '64, to date of muster out, '65. 
Barzillia P. Stacy. Lieut. -Col. ; 27; Dec. 10, '64; Dec. 10, '64. Trans- 
ferred from 7th O. Cav. ; Adjt. from Sept., '63. to Sept. 24, '64; 

Capt. Co. F. : A. A. G. Col. Miller's Staff, and Lieut.-Col. 
Christopher C. Wilcox, Maj.; 42; Sept. 24. '6;i; mustered in as Maj., 

July I, '65; organized Co. G ; promoted to Maj., ]\Iar. 11, '65; 

muster changed to July i. '65. 
Patrick F. Dyer, Maj.; 26; Sept. 23. '63; mustered in as IMaj.. Mar. 

13, '65; Capt. Co. 13.; promoted Maj. Mar. 10, '6=,. 


Robert II. M. Donnelly, ^laj.; 35; Sept. 24, '63; mustered in as Maj., 
June iQ, "65; Capt. Co. D; promoted Maj. June 19, '65. 

William H. Matlock, Surg. ; 27 ; Sept. 27, '63 ; Sept. 24, '63. 

Samuel P. Angel, Adit.; 24; Sept. 24. '63; mustered in as Adjt.. Mar. 
10, '65; promoted to ist Sergt. Co. G. Oct. 20, '63; Sergt. Maj., 
June I, '64; 1st Lieut. Co. G, Sept. 29. '64; Adjt., ]\lar. 10, '65. 

Richard L. Wilson, R. Q. Al. ; 44; Jan. 22,, '65; Jan. 22,. '65. 

James H. Cox, R. C. S. ; 21; Sept. 15, '64; Sept. 15, '64; promoted 
to 1st Lieut, and R. C. S., Aug. 22,, '65. 

Abram L. Crosswhite. Hosp. Stew.; 41; Sept. 22, '63; Sept. 22, %2i', 
promoted to Q. M. Sergt., Oct. i, '63; Hosp. Steward, Nov. 8. 
'63; commissioned Asst. Surg., .^ug. 21, '65. 

George A. Grace. Sergt. i\Iaj.; 18; Jan. 14, '64; May 16, '64; promot- 
ed from 1st Sergt. Co. F to Sergt. Maj., Aug. 21, '65. 

George D. Roberts. R. Q. W. Sergt.; 21; Sept. 24, '63; Oct. 28, '()t,',. 
promoted to R. Q. W. Sergt., Sept. 26, '64. 

Lycurgus Peltier, R. C. Sergt.; 24; Dec. 15, '6},\ Mar. 22, '64; pro- 
moted to R. C. Sergt., June 22, '65. 

(jeorge Livingston, Chief Bugler; 23; April 5. '64; April 11, '64; 
transferred to Non-Commissioned Stafif, July 17, '64. 

Lawson Madron, Hosp. Stew.; 52; Feb. 22, '64; June 15. '64; pro- 
moted to Hosp. Steward. April i, "64. 

Jordan J. Heck. Blk. Sm. Sergt.; 55; Sept. 22. '63; Oct. 28, '63: pro- 
moted to Blk. Smith Sergt., Sept. 23. "63. 

Oliver C. Butler. Saddler Sergt.; 41; Nov. 10, '63; June 3. '64; pro- 
moted to Saddler Sergt., Nov. 10, '63. 


Roderick R. Butler, Lieut. Col.; age, 34; enlisted, Nov. 8, '63; mus- 
tered in, Oct. 8, '63 ; resigned, April 4, '64. 

James W. M. Grayson, Maj.; 30; Oct. 6. '63; Oct. 6, '63; April, '64- 

james H. Hobbs, Surg. ; 35 ; Dec. 8, "63 ; Dec. 8, '(>2, ; Aug. 5, '64. 

George W. Doughty, Maj.; 33; Jan. i, "64; Jan. t, '64; Mar. 10, '65. 

Eli N. Underwood, Maj.; 38; April 11, '64; April 11, '65; Mar. 10, "65. 

Joseph H. Wagner, Maj.; 23; May 16. "64; Alay 16, '64; Mar. 27, '65. 

James H. Conkling, R. Q. M. ; 2-; Nov. 8. '(>2)\ Nov. 8, '63; Dec. i, "64 

Joel FL Williams, R. C. S. ; 28; April 11, '64; April 11, '64; Feb. 
28, '65. 

Philip P. C. Nelson, R. C. S. ; 35; Mar. 12, '65; Mar. 12, '65; July 
20, '65. 

Samuel W. Scott. Adj.; 2Ti\ Sept. 24, '(i},\ Sept. 24, '63; promoted 
to Adjt., Sept. 24, '64; appointed ist Lieut. Co. G, Sept. 26, '63; 
Capt. of Co. G, Mar. 10, '65. 

James M. Cameron, Asst. Surg.; 31; Nov. 7, '63; Nov. 7, '63; July 

19, '65- 

Larkin P. Blackburn. Asst. Surg.; 27; ^Lny 14, '64; May 14, 64: 
July I, '65. 

Alfred T. Donnelly, Sergt. ^Nfaj.; 2-]; Oct. 15, "63; Oct. 15, '63; pro- 
moted to Capt. Co. D, June 22, '65. 

William B. C Smith, R. Q. M. Sergt.; 22; Sept. 24, '63; Oct. 28. '(>},. 
Captured at Johnson City, Tenn., Sept. 29, '64. Lost position 
by capture. 


Cliarlcs Lcflcr. R. C. S. Sergt. ; 38; Sept. 24, "63; Oct. 28. '6^;; pro- 
moted June 22, '65 ; promoted to 2d Lieut. Co. D. 

John P. Nelson, Sergt. Maj.; 22; Sept. 22. '63; Sept. 26, '64; pro- 
moted .\iig. 21. '63; |)n)niOied to 2d Lieut. Co. L. 


Daniel Ellis, Capt. ; age, i~ ; enlisted, Jan. 13. '65; nui^tered in, Jan. 

13. '65. 
Daniel S. Nave, Lieut.; 27; Sept. 22, '6^; Mar. 10, '65: promoted, 

Mar. 10, '65. 
Reese B. Stone, ist Sergt.; 23; Sept. 22, '63; Oct. 28, '63; Mar. 10, '65. 
Lsaac Lewis, C. C. S. ; 36; Sept. 22, '63; Nov. 8, '63; Nov. i, '63. 
Robert L. Smith, Sergt.; 21; Sept. 22. '63; Oct. 28, '63; Nov. i. '63. 
Abraham Nave, Sergt.; 31; Sept. 22, '63; Oct. 28, '63; Nov. i, '63. 
Charles Hcaderick, Sergt.; 43; Sept. 22, '63; Oct. 28. '63; Nov. i. '63. 
Benjamin H. Peters. Sergt.; 21; Sept. 22, '63; Oct. 28. '63; .Mar. 

27, '65. 
Thos. A. Dugger, Sergt. ; 25 ; Sept. 22. '63 ; Oct. 28. '63 ; Mar. 27, '65. 
James IL Payne, Corp.; 21 ; Sept. 22, '63; Oct. 28, '63; Dec. 21, '63. 

Wounded at Wytheville, Va.. '65. 
Thomas .\. R. Miller. Corp. ; 20; Sept. 22, '63; Oct. 28. '63; Dec. i. '63 
John B. Williams, Corp.; 38; Sept. 22. '63; Oct. 28, '63; Nov. 1. '63. 
John W. Headerick. Corp.; 20; Sept. 22, '63; Oct. 28. '63; May 30. '64 
James A. Gentry, Corp.; 21; Sept. 22, '63; Oct. 28. '63; ^L^y 30, '64. 
Samuel E. Smith, Corp.; 20; Sept. 22. '63; Oct. 28. '63; June 15. '64. 
James A. Dugger, Corp. ; 20 ; Sept. 22, '63 ; Oct. 28, "63 ; July 25. '64. 
Marshall Morrell, Corp.; 21; Sept. 22, '63; Oct. 28. '63; May 27, '65. 
Mark Nave, black smith; 26; Sept. 22, '63; Oct. 28. '63; Nov. i, '63. 

Wounded in action at Lick Creek, 'Jcnn.. S^pt. 22. '64. 
Wilson McKinnev, blacksmith; 25; Sept. 22, '63; Oct. 28, '63; Nov. 

I, '63. 
Samuel M. Estep, saddler; 27; Sept. 22, '63; Oct. 28, '63; Mar. 27. '63. 
Allen, Daniel S. N.. Private; 26; Sept. 22. '6^^; Oct. 28. '63. 
Blevins, George. Private; 23; Sept. 22, '63: Oct. 28. '63. 
Bowman. Andrew J.. Private; :^7: Aug. i. '64: Oct. 26. '64. 
Chambers, David T., Private; 21: Sept. 22, '63: Oct. 28. '63. 
Garden, .\ncil C. Private ; 23 ; Sept. 22, '63 ; Oct. 28, '63. 
Clemens. Benjamin, Private; 22: Sept. 22. '63: .\pril 11, '64. 
Dugger. William H., Private: 20; Sept. 22. '63; Oct. 28, '63. 
Deloach, James. Private; 22: Sept. 22, '63; Oct. 28. '63. 
Glover, Richard, Private: 26; Sept. 22. '63: Oct. 28, '63. 
Harden, Eli, Private: 29; Sept. 22. '63; Oct. 28, '63. 
Harden, Elijah D., Private; 34: Sept. 22. "63; Oct. 28, 'Oji. 
Harden, John W., Private; 22: Sept. 22. "63: Oct- 28 '63. , 
Hodge. William R.. Private; 36: .\pril 15. "64: Oct. 26, '64. 
Hampton, William. Private; 19: Aug. i, "64; Oct- 26, O4- 
Hampton, Elbert. Private: 19: Aug. i. '64: Oct. 26, '64. 
Hyder, William P.. Private: 20: Sept. 22, '63; Oct- 28. '63. 
Jenkins, William, Private; 36: Sept. 22, '63: Feb. 25. '64. 
)enkins. Hugh, Private; 34: Sept. 22. '6,^: Feb- 25, '64. 


Kite, Alvin N. D., Private; 22; Sept. 22, "63; Feb. 25, '64. 

Lewis, Gideon, Private; 24; Sept. 22, '63; Oct. 28, '63. 

Loveless, John, Private; 20; Aug. i, '64; Oct. 26, '64. 

Morton, Alexander, Private; 22; Sept. 22, '63; Oct. 28, '63. 

Alorrell, William R., Private; 20; Sept. 22, '63; Oct. 28, '63. 
Wounded in action at Marion, Va., Dec. 16, '64. 

Moody, Benjamin, Private; 28; Sept. 22, '63; Nov. 8, 'Gt,. 

Moody, Francis M-, Private; 20; Sept. 22, '63; Oct. 28, '6^. Sever- 
ely wounded at Lick Creek, Sept. 22, '64. 

]\Ioseley, Reuben, Private; 33; Sept. 22, "63; Oct. 28, 03. Ap- 
pointed Corporal, Nov. i, '63; reduced ranks. Mar. 27, '65. 

McKinney, Joseph P., Private; 20; Sept. 22, '63; ]\Jay 16, '64. 

Miller, Henry, Private; 22; Aug. i, '64; Oct- 26, '64. 

Matherly, James, Private; 45; Sept. 22, '63; Oct. 28, '63. 

Martin, Franklin, cook; 25; Feb. 14, '64; April 12, '64. 

Nave, Pleasant G., Private ; 27 ; Sept. 22, '63 ; April 28, '63. 

Nave, Isaac N., Private; 22,; Sept. 22, '63; April 28, '63. 

Nave, Henry T., Private; 20; Sept. 22, '63; Nov. 8, "63. 

Oliver, George, Private; ^2; Sept. 22, '6:^; April 11, '64. 

Oliver, David, Private; 19; Aug. i, '64; Oct. 26, '64. 

Oliver, James, Private; 19; Aug. i, '64; Oct. 26, '64. 

Peters, Thomas H., Private; 34; Sept. 22, '63; Oct- 28, '6,^. Ap- 
pointed Corp. Dec. 31, '6y, reduced by request May 30, '64. 

Pierce, Lewis M., Private; 20; Sept- 22, '63; Oct. 28, '63. 

Pharr, Jonathan H., Private; 20; Sept. 22, '63; Oct. 28, '63. Ap- 
pointed Corp. Dec. 31, '63; pro. Sergt. July 25, '54; reduced to 
ranks Mar. 27. '65. 

Riley. Andrew. Private; 20; Feb. 18, '64: ^lay 16, '64. Absent sick 
since May 24. '65. 

Swa-iner, Tames R-, Private; 19; April 15, "64; Oct. 26, '54. 

Simerly, George. Private; 21; Sept. 22, '63: Oct. 28. '63. 

Sims, Jackson, Private; 2,2; Sept. 22, '63; Oct. 28, '63. 

Sims, Henry. Private; 19; Aug. i, '64; Oct. 26, '64. 

Stuffelstrut. James, Private; 20; Sept. 22. '63; Nov. 8, '62. 

Williams, .-Mcxander, Private; 23; Sept. 22. '63; Oct. 28, '62. 

Williams. William W., Private; 25; Sept. 22. '63; Oct. 28, '63. Horse 
shot at Lick Creek, Tenn., Sept. 22, 1864. 

West, Hampton, Private; 21: Sept. 22, "63; Oct. 28, '62. 

West, William, Private; 20; Sept. 22, '63; Oct. 28, '63. 

Woods, James, Private: 20; Sept. 22, '62; Oct. 28. '63. 

Woodfork. Aaron, Cook; 41 ; Feb. 14. '64; April 12, '64. 

Williams, Pleasant .\., Captain: 35; Nov. 7, '63; Nov. 7. '62; resigned, 
April 30, '64. 

Pierce, Henry C, ist Lieut.; 40; Oct. 2'S>, '62; Oct. 28, '62', resigned 
Alarch 10, '65. 

Carriger, Joel N., 2nd Lieut. ; 23 ; Nov. 7, '62 ; Nov. 7, '63 ; resigned 
Jan. 13, '65. 

Ashley, Benjamin, Private; April 15, '64; Oct. 26. '64; captured at 
Saltville, Va., Dec. 22. '64. 

Sells, Andrew, Private; Aug. i, '64; Oct. 26, '64; captured at Rus- 
sellville, Nov. 13, "64. 

Bowers, Peter N., Bugler; Sept. 22. '62; Oct. 28, '62; discharged May 
27, '65. 


Bowers, David T., Private; Sept. 22, "63; April 11, "64; discharged 

July I, '65. 
Copley, William H., Private; Sept. 22, 63; Oct. 28, 'G^,; discharged 

May 22, '65. 
Crow, John C, Private; Sept. 22, '63; Nov. 8, '63; discharged July 

23, '65- 
Lewis, David J., Private; Sept. 22, "63; Oct. 2^, '63; discharged July 

17, '65. 
Moody, Isaac \\'., Private; Sept. 22, '63; Oct. 28, 'dz', discharged 

June 26, '6},. 
Pharr, David, Private; Sept. 22, '63; Oct. 2^. 'b'S; discharged July 

23, '65. 
Phillips, Eli, Private; Sept. 22, '63; Oct. 28, '63; discharged Nov. 

20, "63. 


Crutchfield, Hiram A., Private; Aug. i. '64; Oct. 26, "64. 
Carden. Kinchelo, Private; Sept. 22, '63; Oct. 28, '63. 
DeWeese, Greenville, Private ; Sept. 22, '63 ; Feb. 25, '64. 
Doutjlas. James, Private ; Sept. 22, '63 ; April 8, '64. 
Elroy, James, Private ; Sept. 22, '63 ; Oct. 28. '63. 
Glover, John. Private; Sept. 22, '63; Oct. 28, '62,. 
Matherly, William. Private; Sept. 22, "63; Oct. 2'^, '63. 
Matherly, Alexander. Private; Sept. 22, "63; Oct. 28, '63. 


Taylor, Isaac A., Captain; age, 20; enlisted. March 12, "65; mustered 

in, March 12, '65. 
Frasier, Alexander D., 2d Lieutenant ; 2^^ ; Oct. 28, '63 ; Oct. 28, '62,. 
Frasier, John W., ist Sergt. ; 42; Sept. 2},, '63; Oct. 28, 'd^,; promoted 

July I, '65. 
Forbis, Daniel K., Q. M. Sergt.; 26; Sept. 22,, '63; Oct. 28, 'di; Sept. 

22. ^dx 
Bennett, Cristopher C, Sergt.; 27; Sept. 22. '63; Oct. 28, 'd},; Sept. 

^}„ '03. 
Frasier, John W., Jr., Sergt. ; 24 ; Sept. 23. "63 ; Oct. 28, '62 ; Aug. 

31, '64. Captured Sept. 22, '64; returned March 20, '65. 
Garland. Joseph E., Sergt.; 20; Sept. 23, '63; May 30. '64; Aug. i, '64. 
Bryant, Allan M., Sergt.; 20; Sept. 23, '(>2,; May 30, '64; Jan. i, '65. 
Gsrland. Christly P.. Sergt.; 19; Sept. 23, "63; May 30, '64; Jan. i, '65. 
Mclnturf, Clayton, Corp.; 24; Jan. 6, '64; April 11, '64; Mar. 20, '64. 
Knipe. Zephaniah, Corp.; 21; Oct. 6, '64; Oct. 26, '64; Mar. I, '65. 
Woodby, William, Corp.; 48; Sept. 23, '63; Oct. 28. '63; Mar. 17, '65. 
Frasier, Jacob, Corp.; 22; Sept. 23, '63; Oct. 28, '63; Mar. i, '65. 
Garland, Elisha, Corp.; 18; May 11, '64; !May 17, '64; Jan. i, '65. 
Bennett. Nathan, Corp.; 28; Sept. 23, '63; Oct. 28, '63; June i, '65. 
Byrd, Carson, Corp.; 22; Sept. 22,, '63; Feb. 24, '64; June i, '65. 
Hill, Taylor, Corp.; 18; Sept. 22,; '63; Feb. 24, '64; July i, '65. 
Wiggins, Henry, Bugler ; 44 ; Sept. 23. "63 ; Oct. 28, '63 ; Sept. 23, '63. 

Captured Nov. 19, '64; returned Mar. 28, '65. 


Gillem, John, blacksmith ; 28 ; Sept. 23, '63 ; Oct. 28, '6^ ; Sept. 23, '63. 
Cash, Amos K., Farrier; 39; Sept. 23, '63; Oct. 28, '63; Sept. 23, '63. 
Holder, William B., Saddler; 30; Sept. 23, '6^; Oct. 28, "63; Sept. 

23, '63- 
Anderson, James H., Private; 26; Sept. 23, '63; Oct. 28, '63. 
Byrd, Lace. Private; 24; Sept. 23, '63; June 3, "64. Captured Nov. 

19, '64; returned Mar. 16, '65. 

Boyd, Andrew, Private; 20; Jan. i, '65; July 29, '65. 

Butler, Henry, Private; 22; Sept. 23, '63; Oct. 28, '63. 

Butler, John, 20; Sept. 23, '63; Oct. 28, '63. 

Brooks, John, Jr., Private; 18; Feb. 3, '64; April 3, '64. Captured 

Nov. 19, '64; returned Mar. 15, '65. 
Butler, William, Private ; 20 ; Sept. 23, '63 ; May 3, '64. 
Bailey. Calvin, Private; 20; Sept. 23, '63; May 3, '64. 
Brooks, John, Sr., Private; 44; Sept. 23, '63; Feb. 24, '64. 
Burlism, Mack, Private; 38; Sept. 23, '63; Oct. 28, '63. 
Bryant, Nathan, Private; 18; Sept. 23, '63; May 15, '64. 
Burlison, Greenbury, Private; 18; Sept. 23, '63; April 15. '64. 
Brockers, William K., Private; 18; Sept. 23, '63; Jan. 3, '64. 
Barmore, Jasper, Private; 18; April i, '64; April 3. '64. 
Bennett, Eli H.. Private; 27'^ Sept. 23, '63; Oct. 28. '63; promoted 

Sept. 2;^, '63. Captured Nov. 13, '64; returned Mar. 15, '65. 
Burchfield, Thomas, Private; 27; Sept. 23, '63; Oct. 28, '63. 
Burchfield, John, Private; 28; Sept. 23, "63; Jan. 3, '64. 
Coffee, Russell, Private; 18; Sept. 23, '63; Feb. 24, '64. 
Coffee, Harrison, Private; 18; Sept. 23. '63; Feb. 24, '64. 
Carver, John, Private; 18; Sept. 23, '63; Oct. 28, '63. 
Campbell, Samuel, Private; 19; Sept. 23, '63; Oct. 28, '63. 
Cochran, John, Private; 20; Oct. i, '64; Oct. 26, '64. 
Correll, Hiram, Private; 19; Sept. 23, '6s; Oct 28, '6^. 
Campbell, Joseph, Private; 46; Sept. 23, "63; Feb. 24, '64. Captured 

Nov. 13. '64; returned Mar. 25, '65. 
Dickinson, Calvin J., Private; 20; Sept. 23, '6^; April 3, '64. 
Elkins, Joseph. Private; 22; Jan. i, '64; April 3, '64. 
Elliott, Michael, Private; 32; Sept. 23, '63; Feb. 28, '64. 
Edwards, Samuel, Private ; 18 ; Sept. 23, '63 ; Oct. 28, '63. 
Frasier, David C, Private; 19; Sept. 23, '63; Feb. 24, '64. 
Frasier. James H., Private; 18; Sept. 23, '63; Oct. 28, '63. Captured 

Mar. 27. '65 ; returned April 18, '65. 
Grindstaff. Isaac, Private; 24; Oct.* 4, '64: Oct. 26, '64. 
Garland, William J., Private; 23; Sept. 23. '63; Oct. 28, '63: promoted 

to Corp., l-'cb. 20, '64; reduced to ranks. 
Guilbert. Plnley, Private; 28; May 17, "64; May 17, '64. 
Gross, Richard, Private; 18; Oct. 6. '64: Oct. 26, '64. Captured Dec. 

20, '64; returned Mar. 20, '6^. 

Green, Shaderick, Private; 22; Jan. i. '65; July 29, '65. 
Heaton. William J., Private; 28; Sept. 23, '63; Oct. 28, '63. 
Trvin, Alfred, under cook; 27; Oct. 6, '64; Oct. 26, '64. 
Ingram, Sanmol. Private; 18; Oct. 23, '63; Jan. 3, '64. 
Johnson, Moses, Private; 23; Feb. i, '64; April 3. '64. 
Jones, John. Private; 37; Sept. 23, '63; April 3. '64. 
Johnson, John, Private; 21; Jan. i, '65; July 29, '65. 
Johnson, Carter, Private; 19; Sept. 23, '63; Feb. 21, '64. 


Johnson, Francis, Private; 24; Oct. 6, '(>^; Oct. 26, '64. Captured 

Nov. 14, '64; returned April 3, '65. 
Lewis, Frederick, Private; 25; Sept. _'3. '63; Oct. 28, '63. 
Ledford, Green B., Private; 18; Sept. 23, '63; April 3, '64. 
Alarkland, William B., Private; 35; Sept. 23, '63; Oct. 28, '63. 
-Markland, James, Private; 24; Sept. 13, '64; July 29. '65. 
Morrison, John II., Private; 22; Sept. 23. '63; Oct. 28, '63. 
Newherrj, Thomas, Private; 18; Sept. 23, '63; Oct. 26. '64. 
Newberry, Lsaac, Private; 18; Sept. 2;^, '63; Oct. 26, '64. 
Foe, Jesse, Private; 26; Nov. 5, '63; Jan. 3, '64. 
Parriner, Samuel D., Private; 22; Sept. 23, '63; Jan. 3, '64; promoted, 

Jan. 3, '64 ; reduced to ranks and imprisoned for rohbery. July 

2, '65. 
Fierce, Henry, Private; 30; Sept. 2^. '63; Oct. 28. '63. 
Roberts, Alexander, Private; 18; Sept, 2^. '63; Oct. 28, ■()3. Captured 

Nov. 19, "64; returned Mar. 20, '65. 
Suttles, Tillmrn, Private; 18; Sept. 23. '63; Oct. 26, '64. 
Sloan, Clifford, Private; 26; April 3, '64; April 30, '64. 
-Street, William, Private; 29; Sept. 2^^. 'O3 ; April 30, '64. 
Taylor. Michael, Private; 39; Sept. 2;^. "63; Oct. 2S, '63. 
■Jaylor, John W., Private; 38; Se])t. 2Ti. '63; Oct. 28. '63. Captured 

Oct. 28, '64; returned Mar. i, '65. 
Taylor, General, Private; 34; Sept. 23, '63; Oct. 2S. '6,^. 
Taylor, Alvin, Private; 2i ; Sept. 2^, '63; Oct. 28, '63. 
Iroutman. James, Private; 18; Sept. 23. '63; Oct. 28, '63. 
\'aughn, Sanuiel, Private; 28; Sept. 23, '63; Feb. 24, '64. 
Vaughn, William. Private; 41 ; Oct. i, '64; July 29, '65. 
Wilson, Ihomas, Private; 24; Sept. 2^^, '63; Oct. 28, '63. 
Wilson. Benjamin. Private; 20; Sept. 23, '63; Oct. 28, '63. 
Woodby. Jeremiah. Private; 28; Sept. 23, '63; Oct. 28, '63., 
Wright, John W.. Private; 26; Sept. 23, '63; Oct. 28, '63. 
Woodljy, Ilezekiah, Private; 20; Sept. 23, 'O3 ; Oct. 28, '63. 
Patrick F. Dyer, Captain. 23: Sept. 2^. '63; Sept. 23, '6;^; promoted 

to Alajor, ^lar. 13, '65. 
William B. Honeycut, ist. Lieut.: 35; Sept. 21, 'Oj,: Nov. 8. '63; re- 
signed July 12. '64. 
Baylus A. Miller, ist Lieut.; 23; July 12. '64: July 12. '()4 ; promoted 

to Capt. of Co. F. Doc. 9. ■()4. 
John M. Honeycut. 1st. Lieut.; 26; beb. 1, '63; .Mar. 13. '64; resigned, 

date unknown. 
George A. Miller. 2d Lieut.: 26: .May 20. "64: May 20. "64: resigned, 

Mar. 22. '65. 
Michael Doran. Sergt. ; 2/ ; Sept. 23. '63 ; Oct. 28. "63. Captured Sept. 

23, '64; never returned. 
Garrett Honeycut. ist Sergt.; 31 ; Sept. 23, '63; I'eb. 24. '64: promoted 

Aug. 4, '64. Transferred to 3rd N. C. Inf. 
Stephen Street. Sergt. ; 2^ ; Sept. 2^. '63 ; Feb. 24. "64 : promoted 

Dec. 2. '64. Transferred to 3rd N. C. Infantry. 
Campbell, John J., Private; 30; Sept. 2j!,. '63; Oct. 28, "63. Discharg- 
ed June 20, '65. 
Cannon, Elbert, Private; 26; Sept. 2;^. 'O;^,; Oct. 28. '63. Transferred 

to Co. jNI, April 10, '64. 


Campbell, Henry, Private; 20; Oct. i, '64; Oct. 26, '64. Transferred 

July 8, '65. 
Forbes, Abraham, Private; 18; Jan. i, '65; Feb. 3, '65. Transferred 

June I, '65. 
Garland, Gooch, Private; 52; May 17, '64; ]\Iay 17, '64; promoted 

Sept. 14, '64. Transferred to 3rd N. C. Inf. 
Lester, John C., Private; 25; Jan. i, '65; Feb. 3, '65. Discharged 

June 25, '65. 


Bennett, John W., Private; 18; Oct. 23, '63; Oct. 28, '63. 
Burlison, Oliver, Private; 20; Sept. 23, '63; Oct. 28, '63. 
Carver, James H., Private ; 25 ; Sept. 23, '63 ; Oct. 28, '63. 
Clinton, James, Private; 25; Mar. i, '64; April 14, '64. 
Harvill, James H., Private ; 43 ; Sept. 23, '63^ Oct. 28, '63. 
Honeycut, Lafayette, Private ; 23 ; Sept. 23, '63 ; i\Iay 16, '64. 
Hughes, Evans, Private; 21; Sept. 23, '63; Oct. 28, '63. 
Morton, David N., Private; 41; Sept. 23, '63; Oct. 28, '63. 
Moore Robert P., Private; 30; Sept. 23, '63; Oct. 28. '63. 
Taylor, i\Iichael, Private; 28; Sept. 23, '63; Oct. 28, '63. 


David B. Jenkins, Captain; age, 33; enlisted, ^lar. 9, '65; mustered 
in. Mar. 9, '65. Transferred from 2nd. Tenn. Inft. to accept 
commission as ist Lieut. 

General H. Franklin, ist Lieut.; 23; July i, '65; July i, '65. 

George W. Emmert, 2d Lieut.; 35; Sept. 14, '64; Sept. 15, '64, 
Wounded at Morristown, Oct. 28, '64. 

William Buchanan, ist Sergt. ; 31; Jan. 14, '64; May 15, '64; promot- 
ed Sept. 15, '64. Transferred from Co. M, May 16, '64. 

Campbell E. Warren. Q. M. Sergt.; 46; Jan. 25, '64; Oct. 26, "64;. 
promoted Oct. 28. "64. 

William H. Jones, C. C. Sergt.; 31; Sept. 24, '63; Oct. 28, '63;. 
promoted Oct. 28, '63. 

Merritt Young, Sergt.; 32: Sept. 24, '63; Oct. 28, "63; promoted 
Oct. 28, •63. 

Reuben Randolph, Sergt.; 31; Sept. 24, '63; Oct. 28, '63; promoted 
Oct. 28, •63. 

Patterson Young, Sergt. ; 20 ; Sept. 24, '63 ; Oct. 26, "64 ; promoted 
Oct. 29, '64. 

William H. Harkleroad, Sergt. ; 44 ; Jan. 25. '64 ; Nov. 2. '64 ; pro- 
moted Nov. 2, '64. 

David L. Buck, Sergt.; 20; Sept. 24, '63; Oct. 28, '63; promoted June 
7. '65- 

Albert M. Johnson, Corp.; 28; Sept. 24, '65; oct. 28, '63; promoted 
Oct. 28. '63. 

Henry W. Teester, Corp.; 22; Sept. 24, '63; Oct. 28, '63; promoted 
June 10, "64. 


John Holly, Corp. ; 20; Sept. 24. '6^ ; Oct. 2S. '63 ; promoted Nov. 4, '64 

Aaron Buchanan, Corp. ; 42 ; Sept. 24, '63 ; Oct. 2S, '63 ; promoted 
Mar. 15, '64. 

Levi Millard, Corp.; 18; Jan. 20. '64; Oct. 26, '64; promoted, Oct.28,'64 

Alexander Buchanan, Corp.; iS; Jan. 20, '64; Oct. 2(^. '()4; promoted 
June 16, "65. 

Henry Lincback, Corp.; iS; Jan. 25. '04; June 3. 04; promoted 
June 16, '65. 

Whitfield M. Sparks, Corp.; 22; Oct. 2, '64; Sept. i, '65; promoted 
June 16, '65. 

Harrison H. Johnson, blacksmith; 38; Sept. 24, '63; Oct. 28, '63; pro- 
moted Oct. 28, '63. 

Franklin Gibbs, blacksmith; 21; Jan. 20, '64; Oct. 26, '64; promoted' 
Oct. 26, '64. 

Jacob Snyder, saddler; 34; Sept. 24, "63; Oct. 2S, '6-?; promolcd Oct. 
28, '63. 

Aldridge, Wailsell, Private; 19; Sept. 24, '63; Nov. 8, '63. Trans- 
ferred from Co. F., Nov. 9, '63. Wounded accidentally. 

Burlison, Thomas, Private; 31; Sept. 24, '63; Nov. 4, '63. 

Burlison, William A., Private; 19; Jan. 14, '64; May 15, '64. Trans- 
ferred from Co. ]\r. May 16, '64. 

Burlison, Joseph M., Private; 18; Sept. 24. '63; Nov. 4. '63. 

Buchanan, Joseph M., Private; 18; Sept. 24, '63; Nov. 4, '63. 

Buchanan, David M., Private; 24; Jan. 14, '64; May 16. '64; promoted 
Corp. May 20, '64. Transferred from Co. M, May 16, '64; re- 
duced to ranks. May 5, '65. 

Buchanan, William B., Private; 40; Sept. 24. '6^; Nov. 2. '63. 

Buchanan, William, Private; 42; Sept. 24. '63; Nov. 8. '63. Trans- 
ferred from Co. A, Nov. 9, '63 ; captured and returned April 
28, -65. 

Buchanan, Arter. Private; 26; Sept. 24, '6^; Nov. 4, '6^. 

Buchanan, Stephen, Private; 42; Sept. 24, '63; Nov. 4, '63. 

Buchanan, Marvil G., Private; 18; Sept. 24. '63; Nov. 2, "63. 

Black, William, Private; 30; Sept. 24, '63; Nov. 4, '63; promoted to 
Corp. Nov. 4, '63 ; reduced by request June 2, '64. 

Buck. Thomas Y.. Private; 20; Sept. 24, '63; Oct. 28, '6^; promoted 
Oct. 28, '63; reduced by request Nov. 21, '63. 

Buck, Nathaniel T., Private; 18; Sept. 24, '63; Oct. 28, '63. 

Barton, Harrison M., Private; 27; Feb. i, '65; Sept. i, "65. 

Blevens, John W., Private; 2y; Jan. 27. '64; Oct. 26, '64. 

Calaway, William H., Private; 18; Sept. 24. '63; Nov. 8, '6^; promot- 
ed to Corp. Nov. 22, '63. Transferred from Nov. 9, '63. 

Campbell, Henderson, Private; 18; Sept. 24, '63; Oct. 28, '63. 

Campbell, William A., Private; 18; Oct. 2, '64; Sept. i. '65. 

Cooper, Andrew J., Private ; 36 ; Sept. 24, '63 ; Oct. 28, '63. 

Cloud, Terrell, Private; 23; Jan. i, '65; Sept. i, '65. 

Carver, John W.. Private; 18; Feb. i, '64; Mar. 13, '64. Left sick iiT 
Carter Co., Alar. 28, '65. 

Davis, John P., Private; 24; Jan. 14, '64; May, 15, '64. Transferred 
from Co. M, May 16, '64. 

Davis, Browrnlow, Private; 18; Jan. 24. '64; Oct. 26, '64. 

Dixon, Charles B., Private; 18; Feb. i, '65; Sept. i, '65. 


Doolittle. I'rank ^J., Private; 18; June i, '64; July 20, '64. 

Deal, Joseph A., Private; 19; Feb. i, '65; Mar. 13. "65. Left sick 
Mar. 26, '65. 

Estep, James, Private; 18; Feb. i. '65; Mar. 13. '65. Left sick Mar. 
26, '65. 

Franklin, Isaac D., Private; 19; Sept. 24. "63; Oct. 28. '63. 

Franklin, Levi A.. Private; 20; Sept. 24, '63; Oct. 28. '63. 

Fulks, Luner, Private; 18; Sept. 24, '63; Oct. 28, '63. Captured Nov. 
13, '64; returned Mar. 30, '65. 

Green, Marvel, Private; 29; Sept. 24, '6^; Nov. 2, '63. 

Green, Thomas, Private ; 19 ; Sept. 24, '63 ; Nov. 4, '63. 

Green, Starling P., Private; 22; Sept. 24, '63; Nov. 2. '63; prDUioted 
to Corp. Oct. 28, '63 ; reduced to ranks. 

Green, Athen, Private; 21; Sept. 24, '63; Nov. 2, '6^. 

Green, Joseph, Private; 34; Sept. 24, '63; Nov. 2, '63. 

Green, Thomas S.. Private ; 35 ; Sept. 24, '6^ ; Jan. 3, '64. 

Gwinn, David, Private; 18; Sept. 24, '63; Oct. 28, '63. 

Gourley, Thomas. Private; 27; Sept. 24, '63; Oct. 28, '63. Captured 
and parolled. Rem. under nied. treatment April 28, '65. 

Gourley, Joseph, Private; 18; Jan. 27, '64; Oct. 26, '64. Captured 
Nov. 12, '64; returned Nov. 30. '65. 

Hobbs, Joseph H., Private; 18; Feb. i. '63; Sept. i, '65. Error in 
name — should be Hughes. 

Hill, Albert, Private ; 18 ; Sept. 24, '63 ; Nov. 8, '63. 

Hodge, Berges G.. Private; 18; Oct. i, '64; Sept. i, "65. 

Hodge, \\'aitsell. Private; 19; Oct. i, '64; Sept. i. '65. 

Hoss, James H.. Private; 18; Jan. 14, '64; Oct. 26, '64. 

Hughes, John, Private; 18; Sept. 24, '6^; Nov. 2, '63. 

Hughes, Charles, Private: 21; Sept. 24, '63; Nov. 2, '63. 

James, Thomas ^L, Private; 25; Feb. i, '65; Sept. i, '65. 

Jones, William, Private; 45; Sept. 24, '63; Oct. 28, '63. 

King, Landon, Private; 18; Sept. 24, '63; Oct. 28, "63. 

Lipps, George K., Private; 32; Jan. 27, '64; Oct. 26, '64. 

I-oudermilk. George, Private: 28; Sept. 24. '63; Oct. 28, '63. 

Miller, James, Private; 21 ; Sept. 24, '6^,; Oct. 28, '63. 

Miller, William H., Private; 19; Sept. 24, '63; Oct. 28, '63. 

Miller, Abraham, Private; 19; Sept. 24, '6^; Oct. 28, '63. 

JMerideth, John. Private ; 33 ; Sept. 24, '63 ; Oct. 28. '63. 

McKinney. William, Private: 40; Sept. 24. "63; Nov. 4. '63. 

McKinney, Waitscll. Private: 18; Feb. i, '65: Sept. i, '65. 

Phillips, Jesse S.. Private; 23; Jan. 25, '64; Sept. i, '65. 

Pruitt, George W.. Private; 28; Sept. 24. '63: Nov. 8, '63. Trans- 
ferred from Co. A, Nov. 9, '63. 

Pruitt, William. Private: 22; .Sept. 24, '63; Nov. 8. '63. 

Pruitt, Willis. Private; 40; Sept. 24, '63: Nov. 8, '6;^. Trans- 
ferred from Co. A. Nov. 9, '63. 

Potter, David R., Private; 18; Oct. i, '64; Sept. i, '65. 

Pitman, William, Private; 20; Sept. 24, '6^; Nov. 4, '63. 

Pitman, Reubin, Private; 18; Sept. 24. '63; Nov. 4, '63. 

Poor, Thomas, Private; 18; Sept. 24, '6;^; Nov. 8, '63. Transferred 
from Co. A, Nov. 9, '6;^. 

Prc-snell, James B., Private; 28; Sept. 24. '63: Nov. 4, '63. 


Sparks. James M., Private; 28; Sept. 24, "63; ^'ov. 4, "63. 

Swofiford, James, Private; 19; Feb. i, '65; Sept. i, '65. 

Sizemore, George, Private; 18; Sept. 24. '63; Oct. 28. '63. 

Townsel, John G., Private; 21 ; Oct. i, '64; Sept. i, "65. 

Vance, Joiin H.. Private; 2;^; Sept. 24, 03; Oct. 28, "63. 

Vance, Hugh, Private; 21 ; Sept. 24, '63; Oct. 28, '63. 

Vance, William, Private; 25; June i, "64; July 21, "64. 

Whitehead, David, Private; 22; Sept. 24, '63; Oct. 28, '63. 

Whitehead, Thomas, Private; 18; Sept. 24, '63; Nov. 2, '63. 

Ward, William, Private; 22; Sept. 24, 'O3 ; Nov. 2, '63. 

Ward, Joseph, Private; 20; Sept. 24, '63; Oct. 28, '63; promoted to 

Corp. Oct. 28, '63. 
Webb. Patterson H.. Private; 2,^; Sept. 24. '63; Oct. 2S, '63. 
Young, Wilson, Private; 19; Sept. 24, "63; Nov. 2, '63. 
N'oung, Strobridge, Private; 23; bept. 24, '63; Oct. 28, '63. 

William 1). Ji-nkins, Capl. ; 40; .Sept. 24, "63; Oct. 2S, '63. liesigned 
Jan. 21, '65. 

John L. Hyder. 2d Lieut.; 26; Oct. 28, '63; Oct. 2H, '63. Resigned 
Sept. 26, '64. 

Nehemiah P. Oaks, Sergt. ; 35; Sept. 24. '63; Oct. 28, '03; promoted 
Oct. 28, '63. Discharged for disability June 6. '65. 

Alexander S. Smith, ist Sergt.; 20; Sept. 24, '63; Oct. 2i^. "63; pro- 
moled Oct. 28, '63. Discharged for disability .-Kpril 27, '64. 

Landon C Wilson. Corp.; 45; Sept. 24, '63; Oct. 28, '63; promoted 
Feb. I. '65. Discharged for disability May 24, '65. 

Cawood, Francis M., Private; 22; Dec. 15, '64; Feb. i. '65. Dis- 
charged for disability May 20, '65. 

Caraway, William, Private; 18; Sept. 24, '63; Oct. 28, '6Ti. Discharg- 
ed for disability May 15, '65. 

Lacy, James P., Private; 19; Sept. 24. '63; Oct. 28, '6ji. Discharged 
for insanity, June, '65. 


Clark. Samuel C, Private; 21; Sept. 24, '63; Nov. 2, '63. 

Foster. Joseph, Private; 18; Jan. 26, '64; Oct. 26, '64. 

Huntley, Isaac A., Sergt.; 22; Sept. 24, '63; Oct. 28. '63. 

Hampton, Daniel, Private; 19; Sept. 24, '63; Oct. 28, '63. Joined 

Indiana regiment and honorably discharged. 
Pruitt, William R., Private; 19; Sept. 24. '63; Nov. 8, '63. 
Whitehead, Samuel, Private i 25 ; Sept. 24, '63 ; Oct. 28, '63. 
Whitehead, James, Private ; 25 ; Sept. 24, '63 ; Oct. 28, '63. 
Roberts, David F., Private; 27; Sept. 24, '63; Oct. 28, '63. 
Davis, Claj% Cook; 20; June i. '64; July 20, '64. 
Davis, Aden, Cook; 18; June i, '64; July 20, '64. 


Alfred T. Donnelly, Capl.; age, 26; enlisted, Oct. 15, '63; mustered 

in, June 22, '65 ; promoted, June 22, "65. 
Calvin M. Arnold, ist Lieut.; 28; June 22. '65; ^far. 22, '65; June 

22, '65. Appointed ist Sergt. Sept. 24, "63. 


Charles Lefler, 2d Lieut.; 2>7 ', Sept. 24, "63; Mar. 22, '65; June 22, '65. 
Marion Goss, ist Sergt. ; 20; Sept. 24, '63; Oct. 28, '62,; June 22, '65. 
Franklin Chapell, Q. M. Sergt.; 34; Sept. 24, '63; Oct. 28, '62,; Sept. 

24, '63. 
Isaac F. Shoun, C. S. Sergt.; 28; Sept. 24, "63; Oct. 28, '6i\ Oct. 

28, '63. Transferred from Co. G. 
Jas. H. Worley, Sergt.; 23; Sept. 24, '63; Nov. 8, "63; Aug. 4. '64. 
Daniel N. Cress, Sergt.; 38; Sept. 24. '63; July 16, '64; Aug. 4, '64. 
Landon H. Hawkins, Sergt. ; 23 ; Sept. 24, '63 ; Oct. 28, '6^ ; Mar. 

21, '65. 
Robert A. Miller. Sergt.; 19; Sept. 24, '6t,; Oct. 28, '63; June 8. '65. 
JNIalon Gentry. Sergt.; 19; Sept. 24, '63; Oct. 28, '63; June 8, '65. 
Smith M. Stout, Corp.; 18; Sept. 24, '63; Oct. 28, '63; Aug. 20, '64. 
Wiley W. Roberts, Corp.; 20; Sept. 24, '63; Oct. 28, '63; Dec. i, '64. 
Richard L. Nance, Corp.; 24; Sept. 24, '6z; Oct. 28, '63; Jan. 8, '65. 
William Lowe, Corp.; 31 ; Sept. 24, '63; Oct. 28, '63; June 8, '65. 
James A. Harris, Corp.; 19; Sept. 24, '63; Oct. 28, '63. Captured at 

Russellville, Tenn., Nov. 13, '64; returned April 29, '65. 
William H. Miller, Corp.; 18; Sept. 24, '63; Oct. 28, '63; June 8, '65. 
Isaac A. Shoun, Corp.; 20; Sept. 24, '63; Oct. 28, '63; Sept. 24, '63. 
John R. Morefield, Corp. ; 40 ; Sept. 24, '63 ; Oct. 28, '63 ; June 25, '65. 

Transferred from Co. G, Oct. 28, '63. 
Drewry Johnson, blacksmith; 30; Sept. 24. "63; Oct. 28, '6i; Nov. 

I, '63. 
William Johnson, blacksmith; 2>7 '• Sept. 24, 'G2>\ Oct. 28, '62,; Nov. 

I, '^2,- 

Allan, James R., Private; 18; Sept. 24. '62: Nov. 8, '63. 

Adams, Harvey, Private; 28; Sept. 24, .'63; Oct. 28. '63. 

Anderson, George, cook; 18; Dec. i, '64; Dec. 5, '64. 

Bradfute, Hazle A. C, Private; 18; Sept. 24. '63; Oct. 28, '63. 

Breedlove, Lewis J., Private; 29; Sept. 24, '63; Oct. 28, '63. 

Brown, Alexander, Private ; 18 ; Sept. 24, '62 ; Oct. 28, '62. 

Bowman, Joseph, Private; 21; Sept. 24, '62; Oct. 28, '62- 

Blankenbeckler, J. M., Private; 28; Feb. 2, '64; INLny \^. '64. 

Carroll, Jacob W., Private; 39; Sept. 24, '63; Oct. 28, '63. 

Carroll, Isaac H., Private; 26; Sept. 24. '63; Oct. 28, '63. 

Carroll. Alexander, Private; 27; Sept. 24, '63; Sept. 11. '64. Cap- 
tured at Bull's Gap, Nov. 13, '64; returned Nov. 28, '64. 

Davis, Hampton L., Private; 29; Sept. 24, '63; Oct. 28, '62. 

Dunn, William, Private; 20; Sept. 24. '62; Nov. 8, '63. 

Davenport, George W., Private; 18; Mar. 5. '64; April 11. "64. 

Eggers, Landrine, Private; 20; Sept. 24, '63; Oct. 28. '62. Trans- 
ferred from Co. G. Oct. 28. '63. 

Eggers. Cleveland. Private; 18; Sept. 24, '62: Oct. 28. '62. Trans- 
ferred from Co. G, Oct. 28, '63. 

Fritts, David M., Private; 19; Sept. 24, '62; May 5, "64. 

Grigston, James M., Private ; 26 ; Sept. 24, '62 : Oct. 28, '62- 

Hawkins. Alfred, Private; 18; Sept. 24, '62; Oct. 28. '63. 

Johnson, Richard, cook; 22; Feb. 14. '64; April 11. '64. 

Jenkins, Jesse C, Private; 23; Sept. 24. '63; Feb. 28, '64. 

Jenkins. Joseph M., Private; 28; Feb. 2. '64; May 5. Tu- 

Kite, Alfred C, Private; 44; Sept. 24, '62\ iNlay 5. '64. 

Lowe, Jacob, Private ; 27 ; Sept. 24. '62 ; Oct. 28. '63. 


Lowe,' Julin E., Private; 31; Feb. 2, '64; May 6, '64. 
Lyles, William B., Private; 40; Sept. 24, '63; April n. '64. 
Morefield, Landon, Private; 20; Sept. 24, '63; Oct. 28. '63. 
Madron, Jolin M., Private; 25; Sept. 24. '63; Oct. 28. '63. 
Madron. William A.. Private; ig; Sept. 24, '63: Oct. 28, '63. 
Morefield. Ilamilum C, Private; 20; Sept. 24, '63; Oct. 28, 'O^. Trans- 
ferred fmm Co. G, Oct. 28, '63. 
Miller, l'"ranklin M., Private; 27: Sept. 24. '63; Oct. 28. '63. 
Mclnturf, Nathan K., Private; 26; Mar. 5, '64; April 11, '64. 
Price, John A., Private; 19; Sept. 24, '63; Oct. 28, '63. 
Proffitt. Godfrey D., Private; 21 ; Sei)t. 24. '63; Oct. 28, '63. 
Price. James P., Private; 24; Sept. 24. '63; Oct. 28. '63. 
Phillips, William F., Private; 21; Sept, 24, '63; Oct. 28. '63. 
Piigh. Zachery ']"., Private; 18: Oct. i, '64; Oct. 28, '64. 
Pres.sley, Elijah, Private; 19; Jan. i, '65; Sept. i, '65. 
Powell. Smith Private; 18; Mav. 5. '64; April 13, '64. 
Price, I'Vanklin, Private; 24; Sept. 24, '6^; April 11, '64. 
Roberts, Daniel F., Private; 34; Sept. 24, '63; Nov. 8, '(\^ 
Roe, John W., Private; 20; Anj?. 18. '64; Oct. 20, '64. Missing in 

Bull's Gap stampede. 
Robinson, Thomas, Private: 36: Oct. i. '64; Oct. 20, '64. 
Shoun, Elihu A., Private; 24; Sept. 4. "63; Oct. 28. '63; promoted to 

Sergt. Sept. 23, '63 ; reduced to ranks June 8. '65. 
Shoun, David F., Private; 18; Sept. 24, '63; Oct. 28, '63. 
Shoun, David E.. Private; 21; Sept. 24, '6i\ Oct. 28. '63. 
Stout, William E., Private; 20; Sept. 24. '63; Oct. 28, '63. Sick in 

hospital since Aug. 27. '65. 
Snyder, Alexander, Private; 22; Sept. 24, '63; Oct. 28, '63. 
ShufHeld, John, Private; 39; l-eh. 2. '64; July 10, '64. 
Tester, Robert D., Private; 18; Sept. 24, '63; Oct. 28, '63. 
Toney, Jesse, Private; 26; Sept. 24. '63; Nov. 8, '63. 
Toney, John, Private; 18; Sept. 24, '63; Nov. 8, '63. 
Venable, William L., Private; 24; Sept. 24, '63; Oct. 28. '63; promot- 
ed to Corp. Aug. 4, '64; reduced to ranks June 8. '65. 
Wilson, Abraham, Private; 18; Sept. 24, '63; Oct. 28. '63. 
W^ilson, Andrew. Private; 18; Sept. 24, '63; Oct. 28, '63. 
Wilson, Alexander, Private ; 18 ; Sept. 24. '63 ; Nov. 8. '63. 
Winkler, William, Private; 19; Sept. 24, '63; Oct. 28, '63. 
Worley, William H. ; 20; Sept. 24. '63; Nov. 8, '63. 
Watson, James, Private; 18; Oct. i, '64; Oct. 26. '64. 
Watson, William. Private; 27; Sept. 24, '63; Oct. 28. '63. 
Wilson, George S., Private; 19; Mar. i, '65; Sept. i, '65. 
Robert H. M. Donnelly, Capt. ; 35; Oct. 28,"'63; Oct. 28, '63; promot- 
ed to Major June 22, '65; promoted from 1st Lieut, of Co. D, 
April 25, '64. 
\\'illiam W. Wilkinson, 2d Lieut.; 30: Nov. 8, '63; Nov. 8, '63; re- 
signed Mar. 16, '65. 
Albert B. W^ills, Sergt. ; 23 ; Sept. 24. '63 : Oct. 28. '63 ; promoted 

Sept. 24, '63 : discharged June 2, '65. 
Butler, Richard H., Private; 18; Sept. 24. '63; Nov. 8, '63; discharged 

Sp. order Nov. i, '64. 
Butler, Oliver C, Private; 39; Nov. 10, '63; Jan. 3. '64: promoted to 
Chief Saddler Regt., Nov. 10, '63. 


Blackburn. Larkin P., Private; 27; Sept. 24, '63; Nov. 8, '63; promot- 
ed to Field and Staff, Sept. 24, '63. 

Lowe, James B., Private; 24; Sept. 24, '63; Oct. 28, '63. Discharged 
July 23, '65. 

Madron. Lawson. Private; 52; Feb. 2, '64; June 15, "64; promoted 
to Field and' Staff. 

Owens, David, Private ; 26; Oct. i, '64; Oct. 26, "64. Discharged July 
23, '65- 

,AlB.sent without leave. 

Bogus, George, cook; 18; Feb. 14. "64; April 11, "64. 
EUer, Jacob, Private'; 34; Oct. i. '64; Dec. 5, '64. 
Greer, Zachariah, Private; 10; Feb. 2, '64; May i, '64. 
Linviile, John, Private; 18; Feb* 2, '64; May i, '64. 
Linville, Harmon. Private; 45; Sept. 24, '63; Oct. 28, "63. 
McNabb, James K. P., Private; 21; Oct. i, '64; Oct. 26, '64. 
Norris, James P.. Private; 25; Mar. 5, '64; April 11, '64. 
Roe, James, Private; 21 ; Sept. 24. '63; Oct. 28, '63. 


Thomas J. Barry, Capt. ; age, 28; enlisted. Oct. 2S. '6_'>i\ nnistered in,. 

Oct. 13, '64; promoted, Oct. i, '64. 
Andrew Campbell, ist Lieut.; 30; Mar. 18, '64; Oct. i, '64; Oct. i, "64. 

Promoted for killing Gen. John H. Morgan. 
Peter L. Barry, 2d Lieut.; 32; Sept. 24, '63 ; Oct. 13, '63; Oct. 13, '64. 
Samuel E. McQueen, ist Sergt. ; 23; Sept. 24, '63; Oct. 28, '63; Sept.. 

18, "64. Appointed C. S. S.. Oct. 28. '63. 
Peter Phillippi, Q. .M. Sergt.; 22; Sept. 24, "63; Oct. 28, '63; Sept.. 

29, '64. 
John M. Pajne. C. S. Sergt.; 20; Sept. 24. "63; Oct. 28, '63; Sept. 

1 9^ '64. 
Andrew J. Harmon, Sergt.; 24; Sept. 24, '63; Nov. 8, '63; Sept. 19. '64 
Wyley S. Hately, Sergt. ; 20 ; Sept. 24. '63 ; Oct. 28, '63, ; Oct. 28, '63. 
Wm. M. Barry. Sergt.; 26; Sept. 24, '63; Oct. 28,> '63; Oct. i, '64. 
James H. Barry, Sergt.; 26; Sept. 24, '63; Oct. 28, '63; Mar. 26, '65.. 
l^ewis Garland, Sergt.; 20; Sept. 24, '63; Oct. 28, '63; May 24, '65. , 
Riley B. Hately, Corp. ; 23 ; Sept. 24, "63 ; Oct. 28. '63 ; Oct. 28, '63. 
Baronet Yelton. Corp.; 19; Sept. 24. '63; Oct. 28, '63: Oct. 28, '63. 
Rice Wilson, Corp.; 20; Sept. 24, '63; Oct. 28. '63; Oct. 28, '63. 
David A. Greever, Corp.; 18; Sept. 24. '63; Oct. 28, '63; Oct. 28, '63. 
Andrew Estridge.' C^rp. ; 18; Sept. 24, '63; Nov. 8, '63; Oct. i, '64. 
Melvin C. Wolf, Corp.; 19; Mar. i, '64; April 11, '64; Oct. i, '64, 

Transferred from Co. L, y\.pril 18, '64. 
John Eastridge, Corp.; 34; Oct. i, '64; Oct. 25, '64; ]\Iar. 26, '65. 
Jonathan L. Parker, Corp. ; 25 ; Sept. 24, '63 ; Nov. 8, '63 ; May 24. '65. 
John F. Hately, black smith; 26; Sept. 24, '63; Jan. 4, '64; Sept. i, '64. 
John M. Roland, black smith; 26; Sept. 24. '63; Jan. 4. '64; Oct.. 

17, '64. 


Anderson, Kikv, Private; 22; Sept. 24, '63; Nov. 8, '63. Transferred 
from Co. l3, Oct. 28. '63. 

Bone, Jolin D.. Private ; 30 ; Sept. 24. '63 ; Nov. 8, '63. 

Burton, llirani. Private; 22,\ Sept. 24, '63; Nov. 8. '63. 

Broyles, Dick, cook; 25; Mar. i, '64; Mar. 15, '64. 

Blevins. Cliristian E., Private; 35; Jan. i, "65; Sept. I, '65. 

Carter, Simon, cook; 10; ,\1ar. i. '64; Mar. 15, '64. 

Constal)lo, Jacob, Private; 19; Mar. i, '65; Mar. i, '65. 

Cole, Jolm R., Private; 24; Sept. 24. '62,; Oct. 28, "63. 

CamplK'll, Joseph P., Private; 19; Sept. 24, '63; April 11, '64. Trans- 
ferred from Co. L, April 12, "64. 

Conner, Isaiali. Private; 18; Dec. 3, '63; Jan. 4, '64. 

Clawson, William. Private; 26; Sept. 24, '63; Oct. 28, '63. 

Dougherty, John H., Private; 2},\ Sept. 24. '63; Nov. 8, '62,. 

Dunn, Emanuel, Private; 26; Sept. 24. '63; Nov. 8. '63. 

Dunbar, William, Private; 19; Nov. 8, '64; Dec. 6, '64. 

Dinkins, .\lc.\andcr. Private; 25; Sept. 24, '63; Oct. 28, '63. 

Dugger, William H.. F^rivate; 36; Sept. 24, '63; Oct. 28, '63. 

Eastridge, William, Private; 18; Oct. i, "64; Oct. 25, '64. 

Freeman. Lewis R., Private; 36; Sept. 24, '63; Nov. 8, '63. . 

Floyd, William, Private; 18; Sept. 24, '63; Nov. 8, '63. Transferred 
from Co. D, Oct. 28, '63. 

F'lanncry, Joseph, Private; 29; Sept. 24, '63; Oct. 28, '63. 

Ford, John S., Private; 22,; Sept. 24, '63; Nov. 8, '63; promoted, Dec. 
-5. '63; reduced to ranks. Mar. 25, '65. 

Gouge, Daniel, Private; 18; Sept. i, '64. 

Garland, Jesse, Private; 23; Sept. 24. '63; Oct. 28, '63. 

Garland, Samuel, Private; 28; Sept. 24, '63; Oct. 28, '6^. 

Graybeal, William, Private; 24; Sept. 24, '63; Oct. 28, '63. 

Graybcal, Eli II., Private; 18; Oct. i. "64; Oct. 25, '64. 

Graybeal, David, Private; 18; Oct. i, '64; Oct. 25, '64. 

Hodges, Plillery J.. Private; 20; Sept. 24, '63; Nov. 8, '63. 

Heck, Jordan, Private; 18; Sept. 24, '63; Nov. 8. '63. 

Hatton, Warren A., Private; 2t,; Sept. 24, '63; Nov. 8, 'Gt,. 

Honeycut, James M.. Private; 22; Aug. 16, '64: Oct. 25, '64. 

Harmon, Hugh C, Private; 32; Sept. 24, "63; Oct. 28, '63. 

Harrison, Joseph W., Private; 22; Sept. 24, '63; Nov. 8, '6^. 

Jarvis, George W., Private; 18; Feb. i, '65; Sept. i, '65. Wounded 
at Wytheville. Va., Mar., '65. 

King, Rufus, Private; 18; Oct. i, '64; Oct. 25. "64. 

Lunceford, John F.. Private; 21 ; Sept. 24, '63; Oct. 28, '63. 

Lunceford, James E., Private; 19; Sept. 24. '63; Oct. 28, '63. 

Lunceford, James, Private; 44; Sept. 24. '63; Oct. 28. '63. 

McCoy, Hiram H.. Private; 43; Oct. i, '64; Oct. 25. '64. 

McCoy, William, Private; 18; Oct. i, '64; Oct. 25, '64. 

Neely, W'illiam B., Private; 22,; Sept. 24. '63; Nov. 8, '62,. 

Osbourn, Alfred, Private; 20; Sept. 24. '63; Feb. 27, '64. 

Payne, Zebulon, Private; 44; Sept. 24, '63; Feb. 2"/, '64. 

Potter, Noah J., Private; 22; Sept. 24. '63; Oct. 28, '63. 

Rankins. John T., Private; 22,; Sept. 24. "63; Oct. 28, '63. 

Reese, James, Private ; 41 ; Sept. 24, '63 ; Jan. 4, '64. 

Reese, John C, Private ; 29 ; Sept. 24, '62, ; Oct. 28, '6z ; promoted, 
Oct. 28, '63 ; reduced by request, Dec. 4, '63. 


Reese, Isaac V., Private; 27: Sept. 24, '63; Nov. 8, '63; promoted, 
Oct. 28, '63; reduced from ist Sergt., Sept. 17. '64. 

Reese, John, Private; ig; Jan. i, '65; Sept. i, '65. 

Smythe, John H., Private; 27; Sept. 24, '63; Oct. 28. '63. 

Snyder, Andrew, Private ; 18 ; Sept. 24, '63 ; Oct. 28, '63. 

Story, Jesse. Private ; 27 ; Sept. 24. '63 ; Nov. 8, "63. 

Thompson. Henry PL, Private ; 43 ; Sept. 24, '63 ; Oct. 28, '62. 

Tribett, John, Private; 18; Jan. i, '65; Sept. i, '65. 

Underwood, Reubin, Private; 18; Dec. i, '64; Sept. i. '65. 

Wiles, Leander, Private; 18; Sept. 24, '63; Nov. 8, '63. 

Willen, Thomas, Private; 26; Sept. 24, '63; Feb. 2j, '64. Transferred 
from Co. I, Feb. 28, '64. 

Jacob H. Norris, Capt. ; 32 ; Sept. 24. '63 ; Nov. 8, '63 ; resigned, Sept. 

5, '64- 

John G. Johnson, 2d Lieut. ; 30 ; Sept. 24, '6^ ; Nov.- 8, '63 ; Sept. 14, '64. 

Robert Hays, Sergt. ; 30 ; Sept. 24. '63 ; Oct. 28, '63 ; promoted, Oct. 
28. '63; discharged as, Sergt., May 3. '65. 

James K. ^McQueen. Corp.; 18; Sept. 24, '63; Oct. 28, '63; Oct. 28, '63. 
Discharged as Corp., May 3, '65. 

Davis,. Ephraim A.. Private; 32; Sept. 24, '62; Nov. 8, '63. Trans- 
ferred from 3d N. C. 

Green, Isaac, Private; 28; Sept. 24, '63; Nov. 8, '63. Discharged 
June 29, '65. 

Fleck, Jordan J.. Private; 43; Sept. 24, '63; Oct. 28, '63; promoted, 
Sept. 24, '63. Transferred to Non-Commissioned Staff. 

Norris. Franklin, Private; 42; Sept. 24, '63; Nov. 8, '63. Discharged 
Aug. 4, '65. 

Osbourn, Noah, Private; 26; Sept. 24, '63; Nov. 8, '63. Discharged 
June 7, '65. 

Payne, George M., Private; 27; Sept. 24, '63; Nov. 8, '63. Trans- 
ferred from Co. I, Nov. Q, '63. Discharged July 13, '65. 

Roten, John, Private; 30; Sept. 24. '63; Nov. 8, '63. Discharged 
July 19, '65. 

Story, William, Private; 43; Sept. 24, '63; Nov. 8, '63. Discharged 
June 24, '65. 

Wagner, Joseph H.. Private; 22; Jan. 2. '64; Feb. 2/. '64; promoted, 
Q. M. Sergt., Jan. 9. '64. 


Rlevins, ^^lathew. Private; 32; Sept. 24. '63; Oct. 28, '63. 
Curd, James, Corp. ; 23 ; Sept. 24, '63 ; Oct. 28, '63. 
Parsons, Isaac, Corp. ; 33 ; Sept. 24, '63 ; Oct. 28, '63. 
Sampsell. John, Private; 18; Oct. 18, '64; Oct. 25, '64. 


Bayless A. Miller, Capt.; age, 23; enlisted, Dec. 31, '63; mustered in, 
Dec. ID. '64; promoted, Dec. 10, '64. Promoted 2d Lieut. Co. B, 
Dec. 31, '63; promoted ist Lieut. Co. B, INIay 20, '64. 

Benjamin B. Ferguson, ist Lieut.; 31; Sept. 21, '63; Nov. 8, '63. 
Left sick and captured at Morristown, Nov. 11, '64. 

Jacob Taylor, 2d Lieut.; 35; June 19. '64; July 4, '65; July 4, '65. 


William C Arnuld. Scrgl. ; jo; Stpl. 22, "63; Nov. 8. '62>\ Aug. 21, 

'65. Promoted Scrgt.. Dec. 1,3, '63. 
Allan T. C. Carriger, Sergt. ; 40; Sept. 21, '63; Oct. 28, 'O3 ; Oct. 

21, '6z- 
Ocorge W. Creed, Sergt.; 22; Sept. 21, '63; Oct. 28, '6z; Oct. 21, '63- 
John C. Mathison, Sergt.; 19; Sept. 22, '63; Jan. 3, '64; Dec. 31, '63. 
Joseph G. Pleasant, Sergt.; 25; Sept. 21, '63; Oct. 28, '63; April i, '65. 
Charles E. Butlerworth, Sergt.; 23; Sept. 21, '63; Oct. 28, '63; May 

25, '65- 

James P. Richie, Sergt.; 21 ; Sept. 21, '62)\ Oct. 28, 'G^', July 7, '65. 
William Buckles, Sergt.; 20; Sept. 21, '63; Oct. 28, '63; Aug. 21, '65. 
William Stone, Corp.; 19; Sept. 22, '63; Jan. 8, '64; Dec. 31, '63. 
Moses R. Myers, Corp.; 18; Sept. 21, '63; Oct. 28, '63; Oct. i, '64. 
William L. Clark, Corp.; 18; Sept. 21, '63; Nov. 8, '63; Jan. 26, '65. 
Richard R. Tester, Corp.; 20; Sept. 22, '63; Nov. 8, '63; May 25, '65. 
Amthur A. Williams, Corp.; 20; Sept. 21, '63; Oct. 28, '63; SepL 

26, '64. 

George J. Lowe, Corp.; 18; Sept. 21, '6^; Oct. 28, '6z\ Jan. i, '65. 

Isaac R. Carriger, Corp.; 18; Sept. 21, '63; Oct. 28, '62; July i, '65. 

Henry, Jackson, Corp.; 23; Sept. 22, '63; Nov. 8, '63; Aug. 17, '65. 

William B. Gambill, black smith; 19; Sept. 22, '63; Oct. 28, '63; 
April I, '64. 

Henry H. Mathison, black smith; 21; Sept. 22, '62,', J"»e 3, '64; 
Dec. I, '64. 

Arnold, Alexander, Private; 21 ; Sept. 22, '63; Nov. 8, '63. 

Arnold, John, Private ; 22 ; Sept. 22, '63 ; Nov. 8, '62,. 

Blevins, Dillon. Private; 20; Nov. 29, '64; Sept. i, '65. 

Blevins, John, Private; 22; Nov. 29, '64; Dec. 3, '64. 

Blevins, Reubin, Private; 30; Sept. 22, '63; Sept. i, '65. 

Bailey, John, Private; 18; Sept. 22, '63; Nov. 8, '64. 

Crow, Thomas, Private ; 26 ; Sept. 22, '63 ; Oct. 28, '63. 

Duffield, Landon, Private; 25; Sept. 21, '63; April i, '64. 

Dunn, Godfrey B., Private; 22; Sept. 22, '63; Nov. 8, '63. 

Dunn, John L., Private; 29; Sept. 22, '63; Nov. 8. '6^. 

Dunn, Henry. Private; 18; Sept. 22, '63; Nov. 8, '63. 

Dunn, Jacob W.. Private; 26; Sept. 22, '6t,\ Nov. 8, '63. 

Elliott, William H., Private; 24; Sept. 12, '64; Oct. 26, '64. 

Forester, John. Private; 30; Sept. 22, '63; Nov. 8, '63. 

Forester, Andrew J., Private; 18: Nov. 22. '62>', J^"- 3, '64- Cap- 
tured Nov. 13. '64; returned Jan. 4. '65. 

Foster, Asa, Private; 27; Sept. 12. '64; Oct. 26, '64. 

Goodpasture, Logan, cook; 18; Feb. i. '64; Sept. i, '65. 

Housley, Harrison H., Private; 36; Sept. 21, '63; Sept. 28, '6t>. 

Harden, John H., Private; 18; Sept. 21, '63; Sept. 28, '62,. Captured 
Nov. 13, '64; returned April 3, '65. 

Heck, Fliram C, Private; 18; Feb. 2, '64; April i, '64. 

Jackson. Morris G., Private; 25; Oct. i. '63; Feb. 25, '64. 

Jackson, John L.. Private; 24; Sept. 22, '63; Nov. 8, '62,. 

Jones. Henry T.. Private; 29; Sept. i. '64; July 29, '65. 

Laws, Isaac' Private; 19; Sept. 22. '62; Nov. 8, '63. 

Lowe, William H., Private; 23; Sept. 12, '64; Oct. 26, '64. 

Lewis. James F.-M., Private; 30; Sept. 21, '62; Oct. 28, '63. 

Lowe, John A., Private; 25; Sept. i, '64; July 29, '65. ; 


McElyea, George W., Private; 32; Sept. 22, '63; Nov. 8, '62,. 

McElyea, Larkiii, Private; 44; Sept. 22, '63; Nov. 8, '63. 

AicElyea, John, Private ; 30 ; Sept. 22, '63 ; Nov. 8, '63. 

McElyea, Landon, Private; 21; Sept. 22, '63; Nov. 8, '63. 

Alyres, Allan T. C, Private; 19; Sept. 21, '63; Oct. 28, '63. 

Morris, Elijah J., Private; 18; Sept. 12, '64; Oct. 26, '64. 

Mink, William, Private; 19; Jan. i, '65; Sept. i, '65. 

Miles, George W., Private; 21; Nov. 29, '64; Dec. 3, '64. 

Nidiffer, William D., Private; 18; Sept. 21, '63; Oct. 28, '62,- Cap- 
tured Nov. 13, '64; returned April 3, '65. 

Pierce, Jared M., Private ; 41 ; Sept. 22, '63 ; Nov. 8, '62,. 

Pierce, David, Private; 18; Sept. 21, '63; Oct. 28, '63. Captured 
Sept. 5, '64; returned April 3d, "65. 

Poor, Alexander, Private; 18; Sept. 21, '65; Oct. 28, '65. 

Pitman, George W.. Private; 18; Jan. i, '65; Sept. i, '65. 

Richie, Alvin P., Private; 25; Sept. 21, '63; Oct. 28, '63. 

Snyder, Landon, Private; 18; Feb. i, '64; April i, '64. Captured 
Nov. 13. '64; returned April 3, "65. 

Stout, Lawson E., Private; 20; Sept. 22, '63; Nov. 8, '63. 

Stone, James M., Private; 18; Sept. 22, '63; Nov. 8, '63. 

Stufflestrnt, George, Private ; 18 ; Sept. 22, '63 ; Nov. 8, '63. 

Sliinault, William, Private; 19; Sept. 12, '64; Oct. 26, '64. 

South, George W.. Private; 26; Sept. i, '64; July 29, '65. 

South, David E.. Private; 23; Sept. i, '64; July 29. "65. 

Tester, Elkana, Private: 22; Sept. 22. '63; Nov. 8, '63. 

Tester, James J., Private; 2-; Sept. 22, '63; Nov. 8. '63. 

Taylor, Thomas, Private; 2,2)'- Sept. 21, '62; Oct. 28, "63. Captured 
Nov. 13, '64; returned April 3, '65. 

Williams, Lorenza D., Private; 33; Sept. 21, '62,; Oct. 28, '63. Cap- 
tured Nov. 13, '64; returned April 3, '65. 

Williford, James W., Private; 18; Sept. 21, '63; Nov. 8, '63; promot- 
ed to Corp., Sept. 21, '63; reduced to ranks. Sept. 10, '64. 

Wilson, George W., Private; 18; Sept. 21, '63; Oct. 28, '63. Captured 
Nov. 19, '64; returned April 3, '65. 

Ward, William C, Private ; 25 ; Sept. 22, '62 ; Nov. 8, '63. 

White, Robert D., Private; 44; Sept. 21, '63; Nov. 8, '63. 

Frederick Slimp, Capt. ; 38; Jan. i, '64; Jan. i, '64. Resigned, Oct. 

I. '64. 

^arzillia P. Stacy, Capt.; 26; Oct. 2, '62\ Oct. 5, '62; promoted, Sept. 

24, '64; promoted to Lt.-Co., Dec. 10, '64. 

Alfred C. Williams, 2d Lieut.; 41 ; Jan. i, '64; Jan. i, '64. Resigned, 

Sept. 26, '64. 
George A. Grace, ist. Sergt. ; 18; Jan. 14, '64; ALiy 26, '64; promoted 

to Field and Staff, Aug. 21, '65. 
John P. Nelson, ist Sergt.; 21; Sept. 22, '62; Nov. 8. '63; promoted 

to Field and Staff, Sept. 20, '64; promoted to Lieut. Co. L, Aug. 

21, '65; not mustered in Co. L. 
Jere Smith, Sergt.; 26; Sept. 22, '63; Nov. 8, '63. Discharged May 

25, '65- 

William Davis, Corp.; 20; Sept. 21. '63; Jan. 3, '64. Discharged 

June 21. '65. 
J*sse Bradley, blacksmith; Oct. i, '63; Feb. 25, '64, Captured Nov. 

II, '64; never heard from afterwards. 


Lipps, Nelson, Private; 44; Sept. 21, '63; Nov. 8, '6^. Discharged July 
^5. '65. 

Lawes, Joseph, Private; i<S; Sept. 22, '63; Nov. H. '63. Discharged 
July 24, '65. 

Mark-land, Nelson J., Private; 37; Sept. 21, '63; Oct. 28, '63. Dis- 
charged July 22, '65. 

Pleasant. James M.. Private; 44; Sept. 21, '6;i; Nov. 8. 'C\^. Dis- 
charged May 27, '65. 


Lewis, Ephraim, Private; 34; Sept. 21, '63; Oct. 28, '63. 
Moreheld, Daniel, Private; 44; Sept. 22, '63; Nov. 8, '63. 
Morefield, Alexander, Private; 18; Sept. 21, '63; Nov. 8, '63. 
Massey, Henry, Private; 28; Sept. 21, '63; Oct. 28, '63. 
Robinson, John, Private; 18; Dec. 25, '63. 
Scott, George, Private; 18; Sept. 22, '63; Nov. 8, '63. 


Samuel W. Scott, Capt. ; ago, 23 ; enlisted, Sept. 24. '63 ; mustered 

in, Mar. 10, '65: promoted. Mar. 10. '65; promoted from isl Lieut. 

and Adjutant. 
Thomas C. White, ist Lieut.; 26; Sept. 24, '62; Mar. 12, '65; Mar. 12, 

'65. Promoted from 2d Lieut. 
John M. Wilco.x, 2d Lieut.; 20; Sept. 24, '63; Mar. 13, '65; Mar. 13, 

'65. FVomoted from Sergt. 
Hamilton H. Kinnick, ist. Sergt.; 28; Sept. 24. '63; Oct. 2K '63; 

Nov. 2, '64. Promoted from Sergt. 
Marquis D. L. Miller, Q. M. Sergt.; 36; Sept. 24, '63; Oct. 2!^. '63; 

Nov. 2, '64. Promoted from Sergt. 
William W. McCann, C. S. Sergt.; 38; Sept. 24. '63; Oct. 2S. '63; 

Oct. 20, '63. 
James W. Pearce. Sergt.; 18; Sept. 24. '63: Oct. 28. "63; Oct. 20. '63. 
John S. JIumphrevs, Sergt.; 23; Sept. 24. 63; Oct. 28. '63; Oct. 20. '63 
William E. Shuffield. Sergt.; 18; Sept. 24. '63; Oct. 28. '63; Oct. 15, 

'64. Promoted from Corp. 
Robert B. Wilcox. Sergt.; 18; Sept. 24. '63; Oct. 28, '63; Mar. i. '65. 
William B. C. Smith, Sergt.; 21; Sept. 24. '63; Oct. 28. '63; Oct. 

20, '63. Transferred to P'ield and Staff, JNLny 15, '64; captured 

Sept. 30, '64 ; returned June 22, '65. 
James L. Shuffield. Corp.; 23; Sept. 24. '63; Oct. 28. '63: Oct. 20. '63. 
David Savior, Corp. ; 23 ; Sept. 24, '63 ; Oct. 28, '63 ; Oct. 20. '63. 
John G. Shell, Corp. ; 21 ; Sept. 24, '63 ; Oct. 28, '63 ; Oct. 20, '63. 
James L. White. Corp. ; 23 : Sept. 24. '63 ; Oct. 28. '63 ; Mar. 5, "64. 
William J. Humphreys, Corp. ; 21 ; Sept. 24. '63 ; Oct. 28, '63 ; Sept. 

30, '64. 
Nathaniel T. Smith. Corp. ; 19 ; Sept. 24, '63 ; Oct. 28. '63 ; Nov. 2. '64. 
AVilliam H. Folsom, Corp. ; 18; Sept. 24. '63; Oct. 26, '64; Oct. 28. '63. 
Joseph Green, Corp. ; 20 ; Sept. 24. '63 ; Oct. 28, '63 ; Jan. 20, '65. 
Joseph McCloud, Corp. ; 23 ; Sept. 24. '63 : Oct. 28. '63 ; Oct. 20, '63. 
William M. Bishop, black smith; 32: Sept. 24. '63; Feb. 21, '64; Feb. 

19, '64. 


Daniel B. Baker, black sniilh; 21; Sept. 24, "63; Oct. 28, '63; Feb. 

19, '64. 
Angel, James R., Private; 29; Sept. 24, '63; Oct. 28, '63; promoted 

to Sergt., July 5, '64; reduced Oct. 15, "64. 
Angel, George H., Private; 18; Sept. 24, '63; Feb. 21. '64; April 25, 

'64; reduced by request. Captured Nov. 13, "64; returned. 
Aldridge, William A., Private; 22; Sept. 24, "63; Oct. 28, '64. 
Burchfield, John G., Private; 18; Sept. 24, '63; Oct. 28, '63; promoted 

to Corp., Oct. 28, '63 ; reduced by request April 23, '64. 
Baker, John K., Private; 22; Sept. 24, '63; Oct. 28, '63. 
Badgett, Joseph H. P., Private; 18; Sept. 24, "63; Oct. 28, '63. 
Clark, Thomas, Private; 18; Nov. i, '64; Sept. i, '65. 
Campbell, George F., Private; 18; Nov. i, '64; Sept. i. '65. 
Campbell, William R., Private; 18; Sept. 24, "63; Oct. 28, '63. 
Campbell, Nathaniel T., Private; 18; Sept. 24. '63; Oct. 28, '63. Gun 

shot wound at Bull's Gap. Nov. 12, '64. 
Campbell, John, Private; 21; Sept. 24, '63; Oct. 2S, '63. 
Cable, Richa'rd, Private ; 21 ; Sept. 24, '63 ; Oct. 28, '63. Captured at 

Russellville, Nov. 13, '64; returned. 
Cheek, David, Private ; 22 ; Sept. 24, '63 ; Oct. 28, "63. 
Garden, Landon C, Private; 22; Sept. 24, '63; Oct. 28, '63. 
Cox, Nathan W., Private; 20; Sept. 24, '63; Oct. 28, '63. 
Cornutt, David E., Private; 18; Sept. 24, '63; Oct. 28, '63. 
Dugger, John F., Private ; 40 ; Sept. 24, '63 ; Oct. 28. '63. 
Dowell, John L. Private ; 45 ; Sept. 24, '63 ; Oct. 28, '63. 
Dovvell, James E., Private; 23; Sep. 24, '63; Oct. 28, '63. 
Folsom, Landon C, Private; 18; Sept. 24, '63; Oct. 28, '63. 
Garrison, Milton S., Private; 18; Sept. 15, '64; Oct. 26, '64. 
Griudstaff, Isaac, Private; 18'; Sept. 24, '63; Oct. 28, '63. 
Grindstaff, Fh'iali. Private; 18; Oct. i, '64; Sept. i. '65. 
Goodwin. William A., Private; 25; Sept. 24. '63; Oct. 28, '63. 
Goodwin, James Al., Private; 18; Sept. 24, '63; Oct. 28, "63. 
Holman, James, Private; 18; Sept. 24, '63; Oct. 28, '63. 
Holman. Andrew. Private; 20; Aug. 18, '64; Oct. 26, '64. 
Holder, Richard. Private; 25; Sept, 24, '63; Oct. 28, '63. 
Jennings, Allan, Private; 18; Oct. 6, '64; Sept. i, '65. 
Jackson, James C, Private; 22; Oct. 24. '63; Oct. 28, '63. Captured 

at Russellville, Nov. 13, '64; returned Alar. 15, '65. 
Jones, John, Private; rg; July 2. '64; July 20, '64. 
Lipford, Lewis D., Private; 21 ; Feb. 7, '65; Sept. i. "65. 
McCloud, Alfred, Private; 21 ; Sept. 24, '63; Oct. 28, '63. 
Morgan, Abner T., Private; 18; Oct. 16, '64; Oct. 26, '64. Wounded 

in arm at Bull's Gap, Nov. 13, '64. 
McQueen, Alexander H., Private; 20; Sept. 24. '63; April 6, '64. 
Messick, John Q., Private; 36; Sept. 2.4, '63; Oct. 28, "64. 
Nichols, James T., Private ; 40 ; Sept. 24, '63 ; Oct. 28, '64. 
Osborn, Caleb, Private; 34; Sept. 24 '63; Oct. 28, '64. 
Osborn, Avis, Private; 20; Sept. 24, '63; Oct. 28. '64. 
Pardue, Joel, Private; 48; Alar. 26, '65; July 29. '65. 
Perkins, Jacob F., Private; 36; Sept. 24, '63; Oct. 28, '63; promoted 

to 1st Sergt., June i, '64; reduced l)y request, Nov. 2, '64. 
Powell, John H,, Private; 18; April 16, '64; April 13, '64, 
Runnels, John, Private; 18; April 16, '64; April 15, "64. 


Remiiie, Lindlcy M. L., Private; 18; Nov. i, "64; Sept. i, '65. 

Roten, Jacob, Private; 35; Sept. 25, '64; Sept. i, '65. 

Reese, Balaam, cook; 30; Feb. 14, '64; April 14, '64. 

Stout, Andrew T., Private; 41; Sept. 24, '64; Sept. i, '65. 

Smith, James F., Private; 18; Sept. 24, '64; Sept. i, '65. Gun shot 

wound. Wytheville, Va., April 4, '65. 
Shunield. John, Private; 28; Sept. 24. "63; Oct. 28, '6^. 
.Stannels. Richard N., Private; 20; Sept. 24, '63; Oct. 28 '63. 
Stout, Granville W., Private; 43; Sept. 24, "63; Oct. 28, '63. 
Slniftield. Daniel, Private; 18; Sept. 24, '63; Oct. 28, '63. 
Saylor, ilcnry H., Private; 23; Sept. 24. '63; Oct. 26, '64. Gun shot 

wound, iJuH's Gap, Nov. 12, '64. 
Slinip, William II., Private; 19; Sept. 24, "63; Oct. 26, '64. Gun shot 

wound, Bull's Gap, Nov. 12, '64, and captured. 
Taylor, C., Private; 21; Nov. i, '64; Sept. 1. "65. 
Truman, William T., Private; 18; Sept. 24, '63; Oct. 2S, '63. 
Turner, Solomon, Private; 18; Sept. 24, '63; April 11. '64. 
Turner, John A., Private; 21; Sept. 24, '63; Oct. 28 '63. 
Turner, Leander, Private; 43; Sept. 24. '63; May 16, '64. 
White, James IT., Private; 21 ; Sept. 24. '63; Oct. 28. '63. 
White. Havid W.. Private; 18: Sept. 24, '63; Oct. 28, '63. 
Walker. John S.. Private; 18: Sept. 24. "63; Oct. 26, '64. 
Walker, Oliver. Private; 20; Sept. 24, '63; Oct. 26. '64. 
Wilson. James. Prisate; 25; Sent. 24. '63; Oct. 28. "63. 
Whitehead. Granville W., Private; 2>',: Sept. 24. '63; Oct. 28, '6^. 
Wagner, Joseph, Private; 18; Sept. 24, '63; Jan. 3. '64; promoted 
to Sergt., Nov. 2. '64; reduced June 22, '65. 

Williams, . cook; 22; Feb. 14, '64; April 14, '64. 

Younce, Elijah 'T. M.; 21; Nov. i, '64; Sept. i, '65. 

Christopher C. Wilcox, Capt. ; 42; Oct. 28, '63; Oct. 28, '63; Mar. 10, 

'65; organized Co.; promoted Major Mar. 10, '65. 
Samuel P. Angel, ist. Lieut.; 24; Sept. 26, '63; Sept. 29, '64; promot- 
ed to 1st Lieut., Sept. 29, '64; to 1st Sergt.. Oct. 20, '63; to Sergt.- 
Major, June i, '64; transferred to Field and Staff. 
Andrew Campbell, Sergt.; 30; Mar. 18. '64; April 11, '65. Discharg- 
ed to accept commission in Co. E, Oct. 12. '64. 
Tire D. Gillispie, Corp.; 19; Sept. 24, '63; Oct. 2S, '63. Discharged 

June 15. '64. 
iKcktnliie. Wthsicr. Private: 24: Sipt. 24, "03; Oct. 24. '63. Trans- 
ferred to V. R. C, .\pril I. "65. 
Goodwin, Lawson L.. Private; 20; Sept. 24, '63; April ii, '64. Dis- 
charged May 12, '65. 
McQueen, William ^l., Private; 30; Sept. 24, '63; April 6, '64. Dis- 
charged June I, '65. 
Newland, Kennard C, Private; 44; Sept. 24, '63: Oct. 26, '64. Dis- 
charged June 24, '65. 
Roberts, George D., Private; 21 ; Sept. 24; '63; Oct. 28, '63. Trans- 
ferred to Field and Staff, Sept. i, '64. 


Badgett, Nathaniel T., Private ; 21 ; Sept. 24, '63 ; Oct. 28, '63. 
Fry, Thomas J., Private ; 21 ; Sept. 24. '63 ; Oct. 28, '63. 
Fox, William, Private; 18; April 14. "64; May 16, '64. 


Jones, James. Private; 18; July i, '64; July 20, '64. 
Moye, Henry, Private; 21 ; July i, '64; July 20, '64. 
Osborn, David, Private; 43; Sept. 24, '63; Oct. 28, '63. 
Osborn, William W., Private; 18; Sept. 24, '62; Oct. 28, '6j. 
Price, William, Private ; 18 ; Sept. 24, '63 ; Oct. 28, '63. 
Price, Solomon, Private; 39; Sept. 24, '63; Oct. 28 "63. 


Landon Carter, Capt. ; age, 38; enlisted, Dec. 31; '63; mustered in, 

Dec. 31, '63. 
James N. Freels, ist Lieut.; 22; Dec. 31, '63; June 22, '6^; promoted, 

June 22, '65 ; promoted from 2d Lieut. Wounded in hand. 
Caleb M. Emmert, 2d Lieut. ; 23 ; Sept. 24, '63 ; June 22, '65 ; June 

22, '65; promoted from 1st Sergt. 
George W. Little, ist Sergt. ; 21; Sept. 24. '63; Oct. 28, '63; June 22, 

'65 ; promoted to C. S. Sergt., Feb. 27, '64. 
Lorenza D. Scott, Q. M. Sergt.; 23; Jan. t,. '64; April ^o, '64; Mar. 

I, '65. 
James E. Persinger, C. S. Sergt. ; 18 ; Sept. 24. "63 : Oct. 28, '63 ; 

June 22, '65. 
Nathaniel K. Williams, Sergt. ; 21 ; Sept. 24, '63 ; Oct. 28. '63 ; Oct. 

20. '63. 
William F. Stansburv, Sergt.; 27; Oct. 21, '63; Feb. 21, '64; Feb. 

28, '64. 
William D. Casida, Sergt.; 40; Sept. 24. "63; April 13, '64; Feb. 28, '64 
Charles R. Monday, Sergt.; 18; Oct. i, '63; Feb. 21, '64; April i, '65. 
Peter E. Flart. Sergt.; 18; Sept. 24, '63; Oct. 28, '63; April i, '65. 
James Shell, Corp.; 19; Sept. 24, '63; April 11, '64; June i, '65. 
Godfrey N. Heatherby, Corp.; 30; Sept. 24, '63; Feb. 11, '64; Feb. 

27, '64. 
Arnold, E. Weddle, Corp.; 18; Sept. 24, '63; Oct. 28, '63; Aug. i, '64. 
John L. Baker, Corp.; 18; Oct. i, '63; Feb. 21, '64; Aug. i. '64. 
Robert P. Shell, Corp.; 21; Sept. 24, "63; April 11, '64; .Mar. 7, '65. 
Samuel Thompson, Corp.; 25; Sept. 24. '63; Oct. 28, '63; April i, '65. 

Wounded at Bull's Gap, Tenn., Nov. 12, '64. 
William H. H. Dempsey, Corp.; 18; Sept. 24, '6s; Oct. 28, '63; June 

6, '65. 
Landon Lyon, Corp.; 24; Aug. 18, '64; Oct. 26, '64; May i, '65. 
William R. Campbell, blacksmith; 36; Feb. i, '64; May 15. '64; May 

16, '64. 
William Turner, blacksmith; 24; Sept. 24, '63; Oct. 28, '63; May 

16. '64. 
Benjamin Lane, saddler; 34; Sept. 24, '63; Oct. 28, '6^: Oct. 20, '6^. 
Asher, Fielding E., Private; 21; Sept. 24, '63; Oct. 28 '63. 
Boles, Jesse, Private; 18; Jan. i. '64; Oct. 26. '64. 
Ballard, Anthony, cook; 30; April 11, '64; .A-pril 12, '64. 
Britt, Henderson, Private ; 32 ; Sept. 24. '63 ; Oct. 28, '63. 
Boren, David C, Private; 18; Sept. 24, '63; Oct. 28, '63. 
Boren, John C, Private; 26; Sept. 24, '63; April 30. '64. 
Carr, Andrew C, Private; 38; Sept. 24, '63; Oct. 28, '63. 


Can-, Alfred, Private; 39; Feb. i, '64; May 15, '64. 

demons, Henry T., Private; 18; Oct. i, "63; Feb. 21. '64. 

Dempsey. Larkin i" , Private; 18; Oct. i, '64; Oct. 26, '64. 

English, Norris B., Private; 18; Sept. 24, '63; Jan. 3, '64. 

Enimert. William C, Private; 18: Feb. i, '64; Sept. i, '65. 

French, Wright, Private; 18; Feb. i, '64; Oct. 26, '64. 

Fair, William C, Private; 36; Sept. 24. '63; May 13, '64. Promoted 
^lar. 2, '65 ; reduced to ranks. June 5, "63. 

Foust, James, Private; 34; Sept. 24. '63; July 2, '65. 

Gwinn, Calvin, Private; 47; Sept. 24. "63; Jan. 3, '64. 

Gibson. John, Private; 18; Oct. i, '64; Oct. 26, '64. 

Greenway, James K., Private; 21; Sept. 24. '63; Oct. 28, '63. 

Greenway, George W., Private; 18; Sept. 24. '63; Oct. 28, '63. 

Greenway, William. Private; 18; Oct. 4, '64; Sept. i, '65. 

Gray, John, Private; 18; Oct. q, '64; Sept. i, '65. 

Holman, John, Private; 18; Oct. i. '63; I'd). 2\, '64. Wounded at 
Greeneville, Tenn. 

Hays, James L., Private; 29; .'\ug. 18, '64; Oct. 26, '64. 

Howell, Winficld S., Private; 18; Feb. i, '64; Oct. 26, '64. 

Hammet, Samuel, Private; 21; Sept. 24, '63; Oct. 28, '63. 

Hammct, Roland. Private; 18; Sept. 24, '63; Oct. 28 "63. 

Hart, Cliristly C. Private; 18; Sept. 24, '63; Oct. 28, '63. 

Helford, Daniel, Private; 20; Oct. i, '63; Feb. i, '64. 

Hegan, \\'ilson N.. Private; 20; Nov. i. '63; .•Kpril 13. '64. 

Kellis. James H., Private; 18; Feb. i. '65; Sept. i. '65. 

Lawson. James, Private; 18; Sept. 24. '62,; Oct. 28. '63. 

Lawson, Francis M., Private; 19; Oct. 5, '64; Oct. 26, '64. 

Loudermilk. James. Private; 24; Sept. 24, '63; Oct. 28, '63. 

^lalone, Thomas W.. Private; 18; Oct. i, '63; I'eb. 21. '64. 

^[athews, .\ndrew. Private; 44; Sept. 24, '63; Oct. 28, '63. 

Alaloney, Patrick. Private; 45; Sept. 24. '63; Jan. 3, '64. 

Millard, Robert R„ Private; 20; Sept. 24. '63; April ir. '64. 

LMcAllister, Zachariah T., Private: 18; Sept. 24, "63; Oct. 28, '63. 

Moore, Thomas J., Private; 18; Oct. i, '63; April 13, "64. 

Malone, .Andrew J., Private; 19; Sept. 24, '63; Oct. 28, '63. Absent 
sick since .Aug. 4, '64. 

Noland. Dennis. Private; 43; Sept. 24. '63; Oct. 28, '63. 

Oliver, John. Private; 21; Feb. i. '64; Oct. 26, '64. 

Rockhold. Diamond. Private; 18; Sept. 24. '63; Oct. 28, '63 

Roe, Calvin, Private; 18; Sept 24, '63: .April 13, '64. 

Raider, Isaac, Private; 22: Nov. 2. '63; April 13, '64. 

Robinson, Moses P.. Private; 18; Sept. 24, '63; April 13. '64. 

Scalf, James L.. Private; 20; Sept. 24. '63; Oct. 28. '63. 

Scalf, William J., Private; 22; Sept. 24. '63; Oct. 28, '63. 

Shell, Elkana, Private; 26; Sept. 24, '63; Oct. 28, '63. 

Shell, Alfred, Private; 28; Feb. i, '64; Oct. 26, '64. 

Stover. L-.i-'c N.. Private; 18; Sept. 24. '63; April 13, '64. 

Sams. Clarion, Private; t8; Oct. i, '64; Oct. 26, '64. 

Scarbrough. James, Private; 18; Oct. i. '6i; Feb. 21, '64. 

Treadway. Rufus, Private; 24; Sept. 24. '63; Oct. 28. '63. In hospital 
since Aug. 15, '65. 

Treadway. William. Private; 19: Sept. 24. '63; Oct. 2?: '6^. In hos- 
pital since .Aug. 15. '6^. 


Taylor, William B., Private; 22; Sept. 24, '6;^; Oct. 28, '62. Promot- 
ed to Sergt., Oct. 20, '63 ; reduced Mar. 27, '65. 

Taylor, Alfred D., Private; 21; Sept. 24, '63; Oct. 28, '6;^. Pro- 
moted Feb. 27, '64 ; reduced Mar. 27, '65. 

Twiggs, John, Private; 38; Sept. 24, '6s; April 13, '64. 

Taylor, William, cook; 26; Oct. i, '64; Dec. 6, '64. 

Taylor, Jeremiah, Private; 21; Oct. i, '63; Feb. 21, '64. 

Vantassle. Charles M., Private; 30; Jan. 3, '64; Feb. 21, '64. Pro- 
moted to Corp., Feb. 27, '64; reduced July 15, '64. 

Williams, Lewis, Private; 18; Oct. i, '63; Feb. 21, '64. 

Watkins, Andrew, Private; 19; Oct. i, '63; Feb. 21, '64. 

Yeatman, George A.. Private; 20; Jan. 3, '64; Feb. 21, '64. Promoted 
to Corp., Feb. 27, '64; reduced July 2, '65. 

Jeremiah B. Miller, ist Lieut; 28; Oct. 28, '63; Oct. 28, '63. Re- 
signed April 7, '65. 

John J. McCorcIe, Q. M. Sergt. ; 18 ; Sept. 24, '63 ; Oct. 28, '63 ; pro- 
moted Feb. 27, '64. Discharged Jan. 30, '65, to accept commis- 
sion as Capt. of 1st U. S. C. H. A. 

John W. Tipton, Corp.; 23; Sept. 24, '63; Oct. 28, '63. Discharged 
July 31, '64, to accept commission as ist Lieut, of 4th Tenn. Inf. 

Colbaugh, Granville, Private; 18; Sept. 24, "63; Oct. 26, '64. Dis- 
charged June 8, '65. 

Caldwell, Archibald, Private; 24; Sept. 24. '63; Oct. 28, '63. Dis- 
charged May 22, '65 ; wounded at Bull's Gap. 

Leonard, Newell, Private; 22; Sept. 24, '63; Oct. 28, '63. Discharged 
July 22. '65. 

Mclnturf, Laban W., Private; 30; Sept. 24, '63; Feb. 21, '64. Dis- 
charged to accept commission in 3d N. C. Inf. 

Trusler, Lewis, Private; 28; Oct. i, '64; Oct. 26, '64. Prisoner of 
war since Nov. 13, '64. 

Turner, James Private; 21; Sept. 2:, '63; Oct. 28, '63. Discharged 
May 26, '65. 


Archer, Isaac, Private; 30; Oct. 6, '64; Oct. 26, '64. 
Talent, Benjamin. Private; 45; Oct. I, '63; Feb. 21, '64. 
Talent, Jesse, Private; 40; Oct. i, '63; Feb. 21, '64. 
Woods. Thomas, Private; 21; Oct. i, '63; Feb. 21, '64, 
O'Brien, Patrick, Private; 38; Oct. i, '63; Feb. 21 '64. 


Samuel F. Northington. Capt.; age. 46; enlisted, April 13, '64; mus- 
tered in, April 13, '64. 

Hector C. Northington, ist Lieut.; 25; April 13, '64; April 13, '64. 

William Arrendell, 2d Lieut.; 32; April 13, '64; .\pril 13, '64. 

Eli W. Mulican, ist Sergt.; 22: Sept. 22. '63; Nov. 8, '63; promoted, 
July I, '64. Transferred from Co. F to accept promotion. 

Sydney Main. C. S. Sergt. ; 34; Sept. 22. '63; Nov. 8. '63; June 15, '65. 

John G. Elliott, Q. M. Sergt.; 24; Sept. 22, "63; Nov. 8, "63; Jul. i, '65 
Promoted from Corp., April 14, '64. 


Elbert Bishop. ScrgL ; 2H; Sept. 22, '63; Xov. 8, '63; April 14, '64. 

Appointed Corp., Oct. i, '63. 
Andrew M. Gentry, Sergt. ; 28; Sept. 22, '63; May 3. '64; July i, '64. 
Jacob Yonnce, Sergt.; 19; Sept. ?2, '63; Xov. 8, '63; Felx i, "65. 

Appointed Corp., Oct. i, '63. 
William H. Howard, Sergt.; 26; Sept. 22, '6^; Jan. 3, '64: June i, 

'65. Appointed Corp., April 14, '64. 
James C. J. Lewis, Sergt; 18; Sept. 22, '63; Nov. 8, '63; July i, '65. 

Appointed Corp., Oct. I, '63. 
James W. Crooks, Corp.; 19; I\Iar. i, '64; April 13, '64; April 14, '64. 
John C. Elberson, Corp.; 24; Sept. 22, '63; Nov. 8, '63; June 28, '64. 
Lewis W. Farris, Corp.; 19; Jan. 15, '64; May 31, '64; July i, '64. 
William H. H. Kite, Corp.; 20; Sept. 22, '63; Nov. 8, '63; Oct. i, '64. 
Joseph B. Wilson, Corp.; 18; Sept. 22, '63; April 13, '64: June i, '65. 
Joseph Wilson, Corp.; 18; Sept. 22, '63; April 13, '64; June i, '65. 
James K. McCuire, Corp.; 18; Jan. 15. '64; Oct. 25, '64; June i, '65. 
Isaac Cornutt. Corp.; 28; Jan. 15. '64; Oct. 25, "64; June i, '65. 
Cornelius Warren, Corp.; 30; Jan. 15. '64; Oct. 25, '64; Jan. i, '65. 
John Musgrave, waggoner ; 30;. Jan. 15, '64; Oct. 25, '64; Jan. i, '65. 
Arrendell, Mei\in. Private; 35; Jan. 15. "64; Oct. 25, '64. 
Bryant, James S., Private; 45; Jan. 15, '64; April 30, '64. 
Bumgardner, David, Private; 42; Jan. 12, '64; May 3, '64. 
Canter, William M., Private; 24; Sept. 24, '63; Jan. 3, '64. Promoted 

Mar. 10, '64; reduced June 30, '65. 
Dinkins, John, Private; 42; Jan. 15, '64; May 31, '64. 
Elliott. liezakiah T., Private; 19; Jan. 15, '64; Oct. 25, '64. 
Fritts. .Mexander. Private; 27; Sept. 24, '63; Oct. 2S, '63. Trans- 
ferred from Co. E, Dec. 10, '65. 
l-'oresler, John. Private ; 23 ; Sept. 22, '63 ; Nov. 8, '63. 
Greer, Andrew. Private; 36; Sept. 22. '63; Nov. 8, '63. 
Greer, David. Private; 22; Sept. 22. '63; Nov. 8, '63. 
Greer, John, Private; 18; Jan. 15, "64; ^Lay 3, '64. .\I)sent in hos- 
pital since June 15, '65. 
Grogan, Elijah, Private; 28; Sept. 22, '63; Nov. 8, '6^. 
Grace, Joseph A.. Private; 23; Jan. 15, '64; May 3, '64. 
Glenn, Joseph, cook; 19; Sept. 25, '64; Oct. 25, '64. 
Hilliard. James R., Private; 30; I'-eb. i. '64; April 3, "64. Promoted 

to Corp., April 14. '64 ; reduced to ranks. 
Hall, Pleasant H., Private; 18; Sept. 22, '63; Nov. 8, '63. Captured 

Sept. 22, '64; returned Feb. 17. '65. 
Kite, Alvin, Private; 18; Jan. 15, '64; Oct. 25, '64. 
Lethgo, Henry, Private; 26; Sept. 22, '63; Nov. 8, '63. Promoted to 

C. S. Sergt., Dec. 30, '63 ; reduced to ranks. 
Mason, Henry H.. Private; 19; Jan. 22, '64; July 31, "64. 
ALnrkland, John, Private; 35; Sept. 22, '63; Nov. 8, '63. 
Martin, Alexander, Private; 30; Sept. 22, '63; Nov. 8, '63. 
Martin, David, Private ; 28 ; Sept. 22, '63 ; Nov. 8, '63. Promoted to 

1st. Sergt., Mar. 10, '64; appt. Oct. r. '63; reduced to ranks. 
Main. John, Private; 28; Sept. 22, '63; Nov. 8, '63. 
Main. Calvin, Private; 18; Sept. 22, '63; Nov. 8, '63. 
May, Jefiferson, Private; 39; Sept. 22, '63; April 13, '64. 
McCloud, James, Private; 18; Sept. 22, '63; Nov. 8, '63. 



Madron, George W., Private; 39; Sept. 22, '63; April 13, '64. 

Musgrave, William G., Private; 22; Sept. 22, '63; Nov. 8, '63. 

Osborn, George, Private; 23; Jan. 15, '64; Oct. 25, '64. 

Potter, John O., Private; 21 ; Sept. 22, '63; Nov. 8, '63. 

Potter, Shaderick. Private ; 35 ; Sept. 22, '63 ; Nov. 8. '63. 

Potter, Jacob, Private ; 36 ; Sept. 22, '63 ; Nov. 8, '63. Absent sick 

since Aug. 16, '65. 
Price, Zachariah, Private ; 18 ; Sept. 22, '63 ; Nov. 8, '63. 
Price, Timothy, Private; 18; Sept. 22, '63; Nov. 8, '63. 
Rash, Joseph, Private; 27; Jan. 15, '64; Oct. 25. '64. 
Rash, Thomas J., Private; 18; Mar. i, '64; April 13. '64. 
Rosenbaum. John, Private ; 18 ; Sept. 22, '63 ; Nov. 8, '63. 
Rosenbaum, James, Private; 44; Feb. i, '65; July 29, '65. 
Reese, Hugh. Private; 26; Feb. i, '64; April 13, '64. Promoted to 

Sergt., April 14, '64; reduced to ranks. 
Stufflestrut, John M., Private; 21; Sept. 22, '63; Nov. 8, '63. 
Smith, Solomon, Private; 18; Jan. 15, '64; Oct. 25, '64. 
Smith, William, Private; 28; Jan. 15, "64; Dec. 5, '64. 
Snyder, Jesse, Private ; 34 ; Sept. 22, '63 ; April 13, '64. 
Snyder, Landon, .Private ; 19 ; Sept. 22, '63 ; Nov. 8, '63. 
Snyder, Andrew, Private ; 21 ; Sept. 22, '63 ; Nov. 8, '63. 
"Snyder, Landon C, Private; 19; Sept. 22, '63; Nov. 8, '63. 
Souther, Henry, Private; 33; Sept. 22, '63; Nov. 8, '63. 
Tice, William, Private; 42; Sept. 22, '63; Nov. 8, '63. 
Thomas, William, Private; 26; Jan. 15, '64; Oct. 25, '64. Wounded 

in action at Morristown, Tenn., Oct. 28. '64. 
Vcnable, Lewis. Private; 43; Sept. 22. '63; Jan. 3, '64. 
Wilson, John, Private; 30; Sept. 22, '63; Nov. 8, '63. 
Wilson, William, Private; 18; Sept. 22. '63; Nov. 8, '63. 
Wilson, Andrew. Private; 18; Jan. 15, '64; Oct. 25, '64. 
AVilson, Daniel C, Private; 22; Jan. 15, '64; Sept. i, '65. 
Wallis, William S., Private; 30; Jan. 15, '64; Oct. 25, '64. Promoted 

to Corp., Feb. I, '65; reduced JMay 31, '65. 
Wallis, Elkana, Private; 26; Jan. 22, '63; April 13, '64. 
Walker, John, Private ; 18 ; Sept. 22, '63 ; Nov. 8, '63. Wounded 

and captured, Sept. 30, '64; returned Mar. 10. '65. 
Williams. Hiram. Private; 22; Sept. 22, '63; Nov. 8. '64. 
Walker, Bell, cook; 18; Feb. i, '65; Sept. i, '65. 
Younce, Solomon, Private ; 22 ; Sept. 22, '63 ; Nov. 8. '63. 

Alexander M. Snyder. O. M. Sergt.; 30; Sept. 22. '63; Nov. 8. '63: 
Nov. 4, '64. Di.>charged June 29, '65. 

Abraham Younce. C. S. Sergt. ; 42 ; Sept. 22. '63 ; Nov. 8, '63 ; April 
12, '64. Discharged May 3, '64. 

John A. Davis. Corp.; 18; Mar. i, '64; April 13, '64; Sept. i, '64. 
Discharged June 17, '65. 

Barlow, Thomas J., Private; 20; Jan. 15, '64; Oct. 25, '64. Discharg- 
ed June 19, '65. 

Crosswhite, Abram L.. Private; 39; Sept. 22. '63; Nov. 8, '63. Pro- 
moted to Q. M. Sergt.. Oct. i, '63; transferred to Field and Staff. 

Carpenter, Joshua, Private; 42; Mar. i, '64; April 13, '64. Dis- 
charged June 30, '65. 


Farmer. John C, Private; 23; Jan. 15, '64; May 31, '64. Captured 
Sept. 22, '64. 

Greenwcll, John, Private; 18; Sept. 22, '63; Nov. 8. '6^. Discharged 
Aug. 24, '65. 

Grogan, Henry, Private; 22; Sept. 22, '63; Jan. 3, '64. Discharged 
June 8, '65. 

Kilhy, WilHam E., Private; 20; Jan. 15, '64; Oct. 25. '64. Discharged 
June 9, '65. 

Madron, Francis M., Private; 18; Jan. 15, '64; Oct. 25, '64. Cap- 
tured Nov. 13, '64. 

May, Washington, Private; 40; Jan. 15, '64; Oct. 25, '64. Discharged 
May 3, '65. 

Triplctt, William H., Private; 18; Sept. 22, "63; Nov. 8, '62,. Dis- 
charged ]May 22, '65. 

Wilson, David, Private; 20; Sept. 22. "63: Nov. 8. '63. Missing since 
April 3. '65. 

.M!.-K.\T UlTIiOlT I.KAVK. 

Farnur, James. Private; 2},: Jan. 15. '64; May 31, '64. 
Grogan. Isaac, P'rivate; 26; Sept. 22, '63; Nov. 8. '63. 
Hurd, William R., Private; 36; Mar. i, '64; April 13. '64. 
McCloud, Tennessee, Private; 19; Sept. 22, '63; Nov. 8. '63. 
Musgrave. Isaac L., Private; 30; Jan. 15, '64; May 31, "64. 
Potter. Rcubin. Private; 18; Jan. 15, '64; Oct. 25, '64. 
Vaughn. Joseph H., Private; 21; Jan. 20. '64; April 30, '64. 
Wallis, Washington, Private; 31; Sept. 22, '63; April 13, '64. 
Wampler, George W., Private; 44; Mar. i, '64; !May 30, '64. 


John G. Dervin, Capt. ; age, 21; enlisted, Dec. 31, '63; mustered in, 

Dec. 31. '63. 
Henry AL Walker, ist Lieut.; 30; Oct. 5, '63; Oct. 5. '6},. 
Jacob Riker, ist Sergt. ; 28; Oct. i, '63; Jan. 26, "64; promoted,. 

Dec. I, '64. Appointed Sergt., Dec. 31, '63. 
Jacob Willett, Q. M. Sergt.; zi ; Oct i. "63; Jan. 26, '64; July 20, '64. 

Appointed Corp., Dec. 31, '63. 
Jesse S. Rice, C. S. Sergt.; 25; Oct. i, '63; Jan. 26, "64; Oct. 25, '64. 

Appointed Sergt.. Oct. 31, '63. 
James McCulIough, Sergt.; 33; Aug. 19. '63 Jan. 26, '64; Dec. 31, '63. 
John Basil, Sergt.; 36; Aug. 11, '63; Jan. 26. '64; Dec. 31. '63. 
Bowman Charles, Sergt.; 25; Aug. 24, '63; Jan. 26, '64; Dec. 31, 'di- 
Rowland Hodges, Sergt. ; 34 ; Aug. 24, '63 ; Jan. 26, '64 ; Sept. 16, '64. 

Appointed Corp.. Dec. 31. '63. 
Robert C. Kirby, Sergt.; 22; Sept. 22, "63; Jan. 26, '64; May 20, '65. 

Appointed Corp., Dec. 31, '63. 
Jesse D. Galaway, Corp.; 21; Aug. 21, '63; Jan. 26. '64; Dec. 31, '63. 
James E. Vaughn, Corp.; 30; Aug. 19, "63; Jan. 26, "64; Dec. 31, '63. 
Martin L. Riker, Corp.; 25; Oct. i, '63; Jan. 26, "64; July 21, '64. 
William L. Payne, Corp.; 34; Sept. 21. '()},\ Jan. 26. '64; Sept. 15, '64. 
Lewis Stepp, Corp.; 18; Nov. i, '63; Jan. 26, '64; Sept. 15, '64. 
Calbert Rigsby, Corp.; 18; Nov. i, '63; Jan. 26, '64; Sept. 15, '64. 
Martin L. Hilton, Corp.; 21 ; Sept. 15, "63; Jan. 26, '64; Dec. i, '64. 


AA'illiani W. Gillias, Corp.; 21 ; Sept. i, '63; Oct. 26, '64; May 21, '65. 

Alexander Borrow, Sadler; 31 ; Sept. 22, '63; Jan. 26. '64; Apr. 14. '65. 

Mathew Rhodes, black smith; 24; Oct. 10, '63; Jan. 26, '64; Apr. 1J64. 

John Shipley, black smith; 18; Sept. 22, '63; Jan. 26, '64; Mar. i, '65. 

James Lewis, teamster; 19; Sept. 15, '63; Jan. 26. '64; Dec. 31, '63. 

Arwood, John, Private ; ^/ ; Sept. 22, '63 ; Jan. 26, '64. 

Anderson, Martin D.. Private; 19; Aug. 11, '63; Jan. 26, '64; Dec. 31., 
'63 ; reduced Sept. 14, '64. 

Anderson, Calvin, Private; 19; Sept. i, '64; Oct. 26, '64. 

Appleberry, Thomas, Private; 18; Oct. 22, '64; Sept. i, '65. 

Baker, Jesse W., Private; 25; April 10, '64; Sept. i, '65. 

Cutshaw, Henry, Private; 18; Sept. i, '64; Oct. 26, '64. 

Cutshaw, Anderson, Private; 19; Sept. i, '64; Oct. 26, '64. 

Cotter, Thomas, Private; 21; Sept. 22, '63; Jan. 26, '64. 

Chandler, William G., Private; 34; Oct. i, "63; Jan. 26, '64. 

Copley, David, Private; 17; Oct. i, '64; Dec. 6, '64. 

Crabtree, John, Private; 22; Sept. 22, '63; Jan. 26, '64. 

Dossett, William, Private ; 38 ; Oct. 8, '63 ; Jan. 26, '64. 

Eastridge, Hiram. Private; 24; Oct. 13, '63; Jan. 26, '64. 

PVy, Evan, Private; 26; Sept. 22, '63; Jan. 22, '64. 

Fulps, James M., Private; 20; Mar. 4, '64; Oct. 26, '64. 

Hoddigree, David, Private ; 19 ; Aug. 19, '63 ; Jan. 26, '64. 

Holloway, Furgeson, Private; 36; Sept. 22, '63: Jan. 26, '64. 

ITilton, Pleasant, Private; 20; Oct. 22, '64; Sept. i, '65. 

Hart, Franklin. Private; 18; Oct. i, '65; Sept. i. '65. 

Jonigan, James, Private; 21 ; Oct. i, '63; Jan. 26, '64. 

Lovens, John A., Private; 21; Oct. i, '64; Dec. 6, '64. 

Lype, Thomas, Private; 20; Oct. i, '64; Dec. 6, "64. 

Lype, Wiley, Private; 18; Oct. i. '64; Dec. 6, '64. 

Moore, Andrew J., Private ; 37 ; Sept. 22, '63 ; Jan. 26, '64. 

Masoner, Andrew, Private; 40; Oct. i, '64; Jan. 26, '64. 

Mercer, John A., Private; 18; Sept. i, '64; Oct. i, '64. 

Mann, James, Private; 26; Nov. 15, '63; Jan. 26, "64. 

Payne, James O., Private ; 26 ; Sept. 23, '63 ; Jan. 26, '64. 

Pippins, Pinkney, Private; 34; Sept. 22, '63; Jan. 26, '64. 

Peltier, Anthony, Private; 19; Dec. 15, '63; Jan. 26, '64. 

Payne, James J. Private; 18; Nov. 4, '63; July 26, '64. 

Parrott. Daniel H., Private; 22; Oct. i. '64; Dec. 6, '64. 

Rollins, James M., Private; 20; Sept. 12, '63; Jan. 26, '64. 

Riddle, Lafayette A., Private; 28; Sept. 19, '63; Jan. 26, '64. 

Russell, John, Private; 30; Oct. i, '63; Jan. 26, '64. 

Rice, William J., Private; 33; Oct. i, '63; Jan. 26, '64. 

Stansberry, Solomon. Private; 28; Aug. 10, '63; Jan. 26, '64. Pro- 
moted to Q. M. Sergt., Dec. 31, '63 ; reduced to ranks, July 19, '64. 

Snyder. Daniel, Private; 18; Mar. i, "64; July 29, '64. 

StyJcs. Samuel H., Private; 18; June i, '63; Oct. 26. '64. 

Staples, Charles, cook; 21; Mar. i, '64; April 12, '64. 

Spivy, James M., Private; 22; Aug. 12, '63: Jan. 26. '64. 

Spivy, William, Private; 18; Aug. 12, '63; Jan. 26, '64. 

Settles, John C, Private; 22; Sept. 2, '63; Jan. 26, '64. 

Sexton, Elijah P., Private; 18; Nov. i, '64; July 29. "65. 

Vials, Richard. Private; 19; Sept. 15. '63; Jan. 26, '64. 

Williams. William H., Private; 29; July 30. '64; Oct. 26, '64. 


Watts, William. Private; 45; Oct. i. '6t,: Jan. 26, '64. 
Wyrick, William G., Private; 21; Sept. 13, '63; Jan, 26, '64. 
Wyrick, Leander, Private; 19; Sept. 13. "63; Jan. 26, '64. 
York, Simeon. Private; 24; Oct. 10. '63: Jan. 26, '64. 

William F. .\f. llyder, 2d Lient. ; 33; Oci. 31, '63; Oct. 31, '63. Re- 
signed Jnly 15, '63. 

\\'illiam S. Gillian, Sergl. ; 3,/: Any. 10. Y)3 : Jan. 26, '64. Discharged 
May 25, '65. 

Cox, James H., Private: 19; Sept. 13. 'bj,; Jan. 26, '64. Promoted 
Aug. 23, '63. Transferred to l-'ield and Stafif. 

Hamilton, 'I'homas, Private; 18; Sept. 22, '63; Jan. 26, '64. Dis- 
charged May 25, '65. 

Higgins, Joseph, Private; 18; Sept. 1, "64; Oct. 26. '64. Captured 
at Asheville, N. C. April 15. '63. 

Ilynes, Francis, Private; iS; Oci. i, '64; Dec. 6, '64. Captured 
at Asheville, N.'C, April 13, '63. 

Loves, Joseph, Private; 24; Sept. 22, '63; Jan. 26, '64. Sick in 

Peltier, Lycurgus, Private; 27,; Dec. 13. '63; Jan. 26, '64. Resigned 
Mar. 27, '64. Transferrer! to l*"iel(l and Staff. 

Wright, James, Private; 18; Feh. 16, '63; Sept. i, '63. Sick in hos- 


Alvis, William. Private; 18; Jan. i, '64; April 12, '65. 
Allen, Avery C, Private; 19; Oct. i, '63; April 12, '64. 
Bryant, Henry A., Private; 20; Aug. 12, '63; Jan. 26, '64. 
Catron, Samuel S., Private; 27; Sept. 12, '63; Jan. 26, '64. 
Catron, William, Private 24; Sept. 12. 63; Jan. 26, '64. 
Catron, George R.. Private; 19; Sept. 12, '63; Jan. 26, '64. 
Dooley, Charles, Private; 20; Oct. 13. '63; Jan. 26. '64. 
Davis, John J., Private; 18; Sept. 7, '63; Jan. 26, '64. 
Foster, David F., Private; 17; Oct. i, '63; Jan. 26, '64. 
Foster, Canady F.. Private; 18; Oct. i, '63; Jan. 26. '64. 
Hensley, Logan, Private; 19; Oct. i, '63; Jan. 26, '64. 
Hensley, William, Private; 24; Oct. I. '63; Oct. 26. '64. 
Hensley, James, Private; 19; Oct. i. '6;i; Oct. 26. '64. 
Jones, Henry B., Private; 26; Sept. 30, '63; Jan. 26, '64. 
Moss, David, Bugler; 18; Aug. 31, "63; Jan. 26, '64. 
Afoses. Maston, Private; 21; Aug. 12. '63; Jan. 26. '64. 
Nance, John, Private; 23; Sept. 22. '63; Jan. 26, '64. 
Preston, John 'SI., Private; 20; Jan. i. "64; Jan. 26. '64. 
Ratclifif, Stephen, Private; 21; Oct. i, '64; Dec. 6, '64. 
Seay, William, Private; 21; Oct. i, '64; Dec. 6, "64. 
Stype, Horace, Private; 35; Oct. i, '64; Dec. 6, '64. 
Sides, William, Private; 20; Sept. 22. '63; Jan. 26. '64. 


William M. McQueen, ist Lieut.; age 30; enlisted, June 19. "65; mus- 
tered in, June 19, '65; promoted, June i, '64. 

Andrew G. Shoun. ist Sergt. ; 32; Feb. 2. '64; May 15. '64; May 16, '64 
Transferred from Co. M, May 16, '64. 


David Peters, Q. i\I. Sergt. ; 18; Nov. 18, '63; April 11, '64; Feb. 20,. 

'65. Appointed Sergt.. June i, '64. 
David C. McNabb C. S. Sergt.; 22; Mar. 2, '64; April 11, '64; Aug. 

12, '65. Appointed Sergt., Feb. 20, '65. 

Baxter Bean, Sergt.; 35; Oct. 16, '64; Oct. 25, "64; Feb. 20, '65. 
Charles Rhodes, Sergt.; 18; Mar. 20, '64; Oct. 25, '64; May 13, '65.. 

Appointed Corp., April 12, '64. 
Samuel B. Lewis. Sergt.; 18; Sept. 21, "63; April 11, '64; May 13, '65. 

Appointed Corp.. April 12, '64. 
Thomas B. Potter, Sergt.; 21; ^lar. 4, '64; April 11, '64; May 13, '65. 

Appointed Corp., June i, '64. 
Nathaniel A. Dixon, Sergt.; 29; Feb. 16, '64; Sept. i, '65; Aug. 12, '65. 
James Wilhite, Corp.; 19; April 3. '64; Dec. 6, '64; May 20, '65. 
Charles H. Colvard, Corp.; 18; April 10, '64; April 11, '64; May 13, '65, 
Jonathan H. Bowers, Corp.; 18; April 8, '64; April 11, '64; May 

13, '65. 

Murray Livingston. Corp.; 18; Oct. 3. '64; Oct. 26, '64; May 13, "65. 
John Garland, Corp.; 18; April 8, '64; April 11, "64; INIay 13, '65. 
Lewis L. Gentry, Corp.; 28; Nov. 15, '63; April 11, '64; May 13, '65 
William C. Jones. Corp.; 18; Sept. 21, '63; April ir, '64; Jun. 22, '65. 
William H. Shull. blacksmith; 32; Sept. 26, '63; April 11, '64; June 

I, '64. 
David S. V^arnKr, blacksmith; 31; Mar. 15, '64; April 11, '64; April 

12, '64. 
William V. Brison, Saddler; 34; Mar. 30. '64; April 11, '64; April 

12, '64. 
Arrowood, James, Private; 28; j\Iar. 10, '64; April 11, '64; promoted 

to Sergt.. July 20, '64; reduced Feb. 20, '65. 
Brown, Thomas, cook; 22; Oct. 16, '64; Dec. 26, "64. 
Clemens, Henry, Private; 18; April 3, '64; April 11, '64. 
Carman, Elbert, Private; 37; Sept. 22, '63; April 11, '64. 
Gates, George W., Private; 18; Oct. 4, '63; April 11, '64. 
Ditmore, Caleb S., Private; 40; April 2. '64; April 11, '64. 
Davis. Jackson, cook; 21 ; Oct. 16, '64; Dec. 20, '64. 
France, Robert, Private; 19; Feb. 9, '65; Sept. i, '65. 
Gentry, Ephraim, Private; 23; Sept. 22, '63; April 11, '64. Absent 

sick since Feb. i, '65. 
Gregg, Zachariah T., Private; 18; Feb. 16, '65; Sept. i, '65. 
Hutson, Benjamin, Private; 21; April 10, '64; April 11, '64. 
Harden, Elijah D., Private; 27; Sept. 21, '63; April 11, '64; promoted" 

to Sergt., Sept. i, '65 ; reduced Mar. 25, '65. 
Hults, Thomas, Private; 18; Jan. 5, "64; April 11, '64. 
Harmon, John H., Private; 25; Jan. 6, '64; Sept. i, '65. 
Hawkins. Pleasant, Private; 18; Feb. i, '65; Sept. i, "65. 
Livingston, John. Private; 25; Jan. i. '64; Oct. 25, '64. 
Livingston. Samuel B., Private; 19; Oct. 3, '64; Oct. 25, '64. 
Leonard. William, Private; 19; Dec. 24, '63; Sept. i, '65. 
Leach, ALadison, Private; 18; Oct. 16, '64; Oct. 25, '64. 
Ledford, John, Private; 19; April 2, '64; April 11, '64. 
Mitchell, William A., Private; 32; Mar. 2, '64; April 11, '64. 
Mclnturf, William H., Private; 44; Jan. 5, '64; Sept. i, '65. 
Minton, Rufus, Private; 26; Sept. 21, '63; April 11, '64; promoted 

to Corp., April 12, '64; reduced April 30, '64. 


McQueen. John G., Private; 27; Sept. 24. '63; Sept. 1, '65. Trans- 
ferred from Co. G, July 15, '65. 

Nidififer. Elihue, Private; 22; Sept. 22, '63; .Xpril 11, '64. 

Peters, William, Private; 2b; Nov. 18. '63; April 11, '64. 

Pullem, Henry. Private; 18; Jan. 16. '64; Sept. i. '65. 

Roberts, Michael, Private; 20; Nov. 6. '63; April 11, '64; promoted 
to Sergt., April 12. '64; reduced Feb. 20, "65. 

Runyon, Thomas L.. Private; 18; .Mar. 4, '63; April 11, "64. 

Rhodes, Ashibel, Private; 20; Mar. 9, '64; April 11, '64. 

Smith, David, Private; 18; Sept. 18, '63; April 11, '64. 

Smith, James W., Private; 31; Oct. 25, '63; April 11, '64. 

Scott, William T. L., Private; 22; Dec. 25, '63; Sept. i, '65. 

Sampson, Bedford C, Private; 31; Mar. 15, '64; April 11, '64; pro- 
moted to C. S. Sergt.. Feb. 20, '65; appointed Sergt., June i, '64; 
reduced Aug. 12, '65. 

Teag, William, Private; 18; Sept. 24. '63; April 11. '64. 

Turner, Solomon J., Private; 22; Sept. 21, '63; April 11, '64. 

Wilson, James, Private; 20; Nov. 18, '63; April 11, '64. 

White, Franklin, Private; 20; Sept. 21. '63; April 11, '64. 

White, George, Private; 21 ; l-Vb. 15. '^3 ; July 19. '65. 

John W. Ellis, Capl. ; 30; Apfil 11. '64: April 11, '64; July 15, '65. 

Henry H. Hamer, 1st Lieut.; 22\ April 11, '64; April 11, '64; Dec. 
14. '64- 

Isaac A. Taylor, ist Lieut.; 22: June 20. '64; July 2, '64; Dec. 14, '64. 
Promoted from 2nd Lieut. Transferred to Co. B, Mar. 12, '65. 

William Braswell, Corp.; 2j; Oct. 27, '63; never mustered; dis- 
charged June 21, '65. 

Cole, Benjamin F., Private; 2>?i'' l"eb. 19. '65; never mustered; dis- 
charged May 23,, '65. 

Garrett, William, Private; 18; Mar. 4. '64; April 11, "64. Discharged 
Aug. 30, '64. 

Gentry, William, Private; 3r ; April 8, "64; April 11, '64. Discharged 
Jan. 19, '65. 

Jones, John W., Private; 19; April 8. '64; April 11, '64. Discharged 
June 9, '65, for wound received in action. 

Livingston, George, Private; 22; April 5, '64; .\pril 11, '64. Trans- 
ferred to Field and Staff, July 17, "64. 

Nelson, John P.. Private; 21 ; Sept. 22, '63; Nov. 8, '63; promoted to 
1st Sergt., Jan. i, '64. Transferred to Field and Staff, Sept. 26, 
"64; promoted to 2d Lieut., Aug. 21. '05. 


Boren, Abraham. Private; 18; Mar. 4, '64; April 11, '64. 
Crannels, Levi A., Private; 18; Jan. 10, '64; April 11, '64. 
Chesser, Wilson, Private; 19; Mar. 26. "64; April 11, '64. 
Dinsmore, Samuel, Private; 30; Sept. 26, '63; April 11, '64. 
Garland, Benjamin F., Private; 18; April 8, '64; April 11, '64. 
Garrett, Thomas H., Private; 18; Mar. 4, '64; April il, '64. 
Goforth, Miles A., Private; 22,; Mar. 4, '64; April 11, '64. 
Jones. Joshua, Private; 18; Sept. 24, '63; April 30, '64. 
Jones, John B., Private; 19; April 8, '64; April 11, '64. 


ArcCIary, James, Private; 18; Mar. 4, '64; April 11, '64. Disappeared 

at Rogersville and never heard of. 
Pitman, Andrew, Private; 18: April 8. '64; April 11, '64. 
Shepard. Joim W., Private; 20; Sept. 2(k '63; April 11, '64. 
Wimp)^, John W.. Private; 30; JNlar. 15. '64; April 11, '64. 


Ciilson O. Collins. Capt. ; age. 34; enlisted, ]\lar. 22. '65; mustered in, 

Mar. 22, '65. 
Andrew C. Fondrin, ist Lieut.: 23: April ig, "64; April 19, '64. 
John C. McQueen, ist Sergt. ; 27: l'"eb. 2, "64; ^\a.y 15, '64; promoted, 

Feb. 2, '64. 
William M. Sh.effield, O. M. Scrgt. ; 24: Feb. 2. "64; May 15, '64; 

Feb. 2, '64. 
Joseph L. Vaight. C. S. Sergt.; 26; Feb. 2. '64; ]\Iay 15. '64; Feb. 

2, "64. 
Melmoth Howls. Sergt.; 18; Feb. 2, "64; ^lay 15, '64; July 3, '64. 
Jesse C. Church, Sergt; 31 ; Feb. 2, '64; May 15, '64; Nov. 15, '64. 
Elbona Ayres, Sergt.; 29; Feb. 2. '64; May i? '64; Feb. 2, '64. 
William Ayres, Sergt.; 19; Feb. 2. '64; May 15, '64; Nov. 15, '64. 
Simon Harrold, Sergt.; 41; Feb. 2, '64; INIay 15, '64; Aug. i, ''65. 
Arnold F. Carner. Corp.: 21; Nov. 2, '64; Sept. t, '65; July 3, '65. 
George Stafford. Corp.; [8; Feb. 2, '64; May 16. '64; Feb. 8, '64. 
William B. Hopkins. Corp.; 19; Aug. i, '64; Oct. 26, '64; Feb. 2, '65. 
Andrew W. Jenkins, Corp.; 18; Feb. 2, '64; May 15. '64; Jan. i, '65. 
William Harp, Corp.; 18; Feb. 2, '64; May 15, '64; Jan. i, '65. 
Aquilla Arnold. Corp.; 18; Feb. 2. '64; May 15, '64; Jan. i, '65. 
John Gambill, blacksmith; t,;^; Fel). 2. '64; Mav is. '64; May 28, '64. 
Tesse W. Cambill, blacksmith; 28; Feb. 2. '64; Mav n. '64; May 

28, '64. 
Moses S. Friddles. Artificer; 38; Feb. 2. '64; May 15, "64; Dec. i, '64. 
Anderson, Watson, Private; 18; Feb. 2. '64; ^lay 15, '64; promoted 

to Corp., Ffeb. 2, '64; reduced July 15, '64. 
Cook, Thomas. Private; 26; Feb. 2, '64; May 15. '64. 
Carter. Thomas, Private; 18: Nov. 2, '64: Sept. i, '65. 
Cassida. James, Private; 27; Feb. 2. '64; INIay 15, "64. Captured Sept. 

13, '64; returned Sept. 28, '64. 
Dunn. Umberson, Private; 18; Sept. 2, '64; May 15, '64. 
Forester, James., Private; r8; Sept. 2, "(34: May 15, "64. 
Forester, Thonns. Prixale; 44; Sept. 2. '64; May 15, '64. 
Fagan, William J., Private; 18; Sept. 2, '64; May 15, '64. 
Forester, Samuel, Private; 42; Sept. 2, '64; jMay 15, '64. 
Forester, William, Private; 18; Sept. 2, '64; May 15, '64. 
Fipps, Peter, Private: 18; Aug. t, '64; Oct. 26, '64. 
Forester, Andrew, Private; 28; Feb. 2. '64; May 15, '64. 
Good, David, Private; 18; Feb. 2, '64; May 15, '64. 
Holden, James J., Private; 18; Feb. 2, '64; May 15, '64. 
Howard, George J., Private; t8; Feb. 2, '64; May 15, '64. 
Heaton, William. Private; 36; Feb. 2, '64; May 15, '64. 
Heaton, Murphy, Private; 18; Feb. 2, '64; May 15, '64. 
Hice, Rol>crt, Private; 18: Feb. 2. '64; May 15. '64. 
Jonacan. Shadrack. Private; t8; Feb. 2. '64; May 15. '64. 



Kelly, William C. Private; 18; Feh. 2. '64: May 15. '64. 

Marr, Andrew J., Private; 44; I'eb. 2, '64; May 15, '64. 

IMonday, Clinton, Private; 18; Nov. 2, '64; Sept. i, '65. 

.McGuirc, John, Private; 26; April 2, '64; Oct. 26, '64. 

Proffitt, Fielding, Private; 35; Feb. 2. '64; May 15, '64. 

Protifitt, John H.. Private; 2t,\ Feb. 2, '64; May 15, '64. 

Proflitt, John W., Private; 24; Feb. 2. '64; May 15, '64; promoted to 

Sergt., Feb. 2. '64; reduced July 5, '64. 
Sanders, Jfenry, Private; 18; Feb. 2, '64; May 15, '64. 
Slinip, David J., Private; 18; Feb. 2, '64; May 15, '64. 
Stout, Jacob M., Private; 18; Feb. 2, '64; May 15, '64. 
Stufflestrut, John, Private; 28; Feb. 2. '64; May 15. '64. 
Snyder, Jacob VV.. Private; 18; Feb. 2. '64; May 15, '64. 
Shoun, James VV., Private; 18; Feb. 2, '64; May 15, '64. 
Snyder, John R., Private; 24; Feb. 2, '64; May 15. '64. 
Stout. Daniel, Private; 28; Feb. 2, '64; May 15, '64. 
Stout, Alfred A., Private; 18; Feb. 2, '64; May 15. '64. 
Wagner, Noah, Private; 19; Feb. 2, '64; May 15, '64. Captured at 

Blue Springs, Sept. 23. '64. 
Wagner, Jacob P., Private; 27; Feb. 2. '64; May 15, '64. 
Wadkins, William. Private; 18; Feb. 2. '64; May 15, '64; promoted 

Feb. 2, '64; reduced to ranks, Nov. 12, '64. 
White, James D., Private; 21; Feb. 2, '64; May 15, '64; promoted 

Dec. 20, '64; reduced to ranks. Dec. 20, '64. 
Young, Alfred, cook; 25; Aug. i. '64; Oct. 26. '64. 

George W. Luttrell, ist Lieut.; 24; Feb. 2, '64; May 15. '64. Resign- 
ed Jan. 20, '65. 

Howard. Joseph. Private; 43; Feb. 2, "64: May 15, '64. Discharged 
Aug. 2, '65. 

Rogers, John, Private; 18; Feb. 2. '64; May 15, '64. Discharged 
July 19. '65. 


Iron, James S., Private; 27; Feb. 2. '64; May 15, '64. 
Litz. Wiley B., Private; 18; Feb. 2, '64: May 15. '64. 
Proffitt. James C Private; 18; F'eb. 2, '64; May 15. "64. 
Foster, Nathaniel C, Private; 26; Feb. 2. '63; May 15. '64. 
Wealthy. James B., Private; 28; May i, '63; May 15, '64. 
Ryers, James A.. Private; 28; May 1. '63; May 15, '64. 
Powell, William. Private; 18; Feb. to. '64; ]May 15. '64. 

The names and Post Office addresses of surviving comrades of the 
Thirteenth Tennessee Cavalry, U. S. A. 

Angel, S. P.. Adjt.,Stafif, Knoxville, Knox Co.. Tenn. 
Allan, D. S. N., Co. A, Weaver. Ky. 

Asher, Fielding. Co. H, Jefferson City, Jefiferson Co., Tenn. 
Arrendell, Melvin. Co. I. Essex, Johnson Co., Tenn. 
Aldridge, W. A., Co. G. Milligan, Carter Co.. Tenn. 
Angel, Geo. H., Co. G, Elk Park, Mitchell Co., N. C. 
Arnold, C. M.. Co. D. Edom. Johnson Co.. Tenn. 
Arnold. Aquilla, Co. L. Baker's Gap, Johnson Co.. Tenn. 


Arnold, Alex.. Co. L, Baker's Gap, Johnson Co., Tenn. 
Mian, James R., Co. D, Stone}' Creek, Carter Co., Tenn. 
Aldridge, Waitsell, Co. C. Hughes, Alitchell Co., N. C. 

Blevins, oMathew, Co. E, Three Springs, Sullivan Co.. Tenn.-Va. 
Byrd, Lace. Co. B. Bakersville. Mitchell Co.. N. C. 
j^ Buchanan, Arter, Co. C, Baktrsville. Mitchell Co., N. C. 

Buchanan, Alex.. Co. C. Bakersville. Mitchell Co., N. C. 
Buchanan, Marvel G., Co. C, Bakersville, Mitchell Co., N. C. 
Burlison, J. M., Co. C. Bakersville. Mitchell Co., N. C. 
Buck, Nat. T., Co. C, Milligan. Carter Co., Tenn. 
Blevins, Dillon, Co. F, Elizabethton, Carter Co., Tenn. 
Bingham, Thos., .\mantha, Ashe Co., N. C. 
Barry, Peter L. Co. L, Jonesboro, Washington Co., Tenn. 
Burchfield, J. G.. Co. G, Johnson City, Tenn. 
Buchanan, J. M.. Co. C, Pandora, Johnson Co., Tenn. 
Bishop, W. M., Co. G. Watauga, Carter Co., Tenn. 
Bowers, Peter N.. Watauga Valley, Carter Co., Tenn. 
Barry, Thomas J., Co. E, Mountain City, Johnson Co., Tenn. 
Butler, Richard H., Co. D. ^Mountain City, Johnson Co., Tenn. 
Blevins, Geo. A.. Co. A. Butler. Johnson Co.. Tenn. 
Braswell. William, Co. L, Johnson City, Washington Co., Tenn. 
Barlow, T. J., \\'heeler, Ashe Co., N. C. 
Barham, Alex., Co. K, Greeneville, Greene Co.. Tenn. 
Baker, Daniel B., Co. G, Baker's Gap. Johnson Co.. Tenn. 
Bumgardner, David. Trade. Johnson Co.. Tenn. 
Butler, Henry, Co. B, Burbank. Carter Co.. Tenn. 
Butler, John, Co. B, ^Magnetic City. Mitchell, N. C. 
Bailey, John, Co. F, Butler. Johnson Co.. Tenn. 
Barry, William ]\I., Co. E, Shad}', Johnson Co., Tenn. 
Baker, John K., Fullbright. Te.xas. 

Bennett, John W., Co. B, Thorn Grove, Knox Co., Tenn. 
Bishop Elbert, Co. I, Shady, Johnson Co., Tenn. 
Breedlove, Lewis J., Co. D, King's Mill, Va. 
Burton, John, Stump Knob, Johnson Co., Tenn. 
Burlison, Green, Co. B, Milligan, Carter Co., Tenn. 
Blevins, John W., Co. C, Blountville, Sullivan Co., Tenn. 

Carriger, Isaac R.. Co. F, Bluff City, Sullivan Co., Tenn. 
Conner, Isaiah. Co. E, Coyville, Kan. 
Calaway, W. H.. Co. C, Foscoe, Watauga, N. C. 
Garden, Ancil. Co. A., Hampton, Carter Co., Tenn. 
Cox, James H., Co. K. R. C. S., Big Stone Gap, Tenn. 
Collins, G. O.. Capt. ; Co. M, Elizabethton, Carter Co., Tenn. 
Chambers, David T., Co. A. Elizabethton, Carter Co., Tenn. 
Campbell, John W., Co. G, Hampton, Carter Co., Tenn. 
Campbell, Nat. T., Co. G., Hampton, Carter Co., Tenn. 
Carriger, Joel N., Lieut., Co. A, Hampton, Carter Co., Tenn. 
j Campbell, Geo. F., Co. G, Hampton, Carter Co., Tenn. 

Carr, Crockett, Co. H, Watauga, Carter Co., Tenn. 
Carroll, Isaac H., Co. H, Watauga. Carter Co., Tenn. 
Campbell. W. R., Co. G. Butler, Johnson Co., Tenn. 
Crow, John C, Co. A, Watauga, \^alley. Carter Co., Tenn. 


Cheek, David. Co. G, F"ish Spring, Carter Co., Tenn. 
Campbell, Joseph P., Co. E, Doeville. Johnson Co., Tenn. 
Campbell, Samuel. Co. B, Pandora, Johnson Co.. Tenn. 
Church, Calvin, Co. — , Pandora, Johnson Co., Tenn. 
Caldwell, Archibald, Co. H, Butler, Johnson Co., Tenn. 
Chappel, Franklin, Co. D, Shoun's Cross Roads. Johnson Co., 

Carroll, Jacob W., Co. H, Johnson City, Washington Co., Tenn, 

Cornutt, David E., Co. G, Wheeler, Ashe Co., N. C. 

Cox, Nathan, Co. G, Wheeler, Ashe Co., N. C. 

Carriger, Allan T., Butler, Johnson Co., Tenn. 

Cable, Richard, Co. G, Pullman, Wash. 

Clark, W. Lafayette, Co. F, Butler, Johnson Co., Tenn. 

Cordell, Adolphus, Co. I, Odomsville, Johnson Co., Tenn. 

Clark, Samuel, Co. B, Hughes, .Mitchell Co., N. C. 

Clawson, William, Co. E, Sherman, Te.xas. 

Curd, James, Co. E, Cave Creek, Roan Co., Tenn. 

Campbell, Wm. A., Co. C, Siam, Carter Co., Tenn. 

Donnelly, Maj. R. IL M., Chuckey City, Tenn. 

Doughty, Maj. G. W.. Knoxvillc, Kno.x Co., Tenn. 

Demsey, Larkin T.. Co. H, Marshall, Tex. 

Dowell, John L., Co. G, Hemlock, Johnson Co., Tenn. 

Dowell, James E., Co. G, Dowell, Johnson Co.. Tenn. 

Deweeso, Greeneville. Co. A, Carthage, Tenn. 

Deloach, James, Co. A., Hampton, Carter Co., lenn. 

Davis, Brownlow, Co. C, Watauga, Carter Co., Tenn. 

Demsey, W. H. H., Co. H, Watauga, Carter Co., Tenn. 

Donnelly, Capt. A. T., Co. D, Mountain City, Johnson Co., 

Dunn. William, Co. D, Shoun's Cross Roads. Johnson Co., 

Dunn, Jacob, Co. F, Shoun's Cross Roads, Johnson Co., Tenn. 

Duffield, Landon, Co. F, Ivy Springs, Johnson Co., Teim. 

Dugger. William H., Co. E, Elk .Mill, Carter Co., Tenn. 

Dixon, Charles B.. Co. C. Grassy Creek, N. C. 
• Dugger, W. H., Co. A, Ind. 

Dugger, Alex., Co. A, Ind. 

Dugger. Jas. A., Co. A, Ind. 

Dunn, Godfrey B., Co. F. Danford, Tenn. 

Dougherty. John H., Co. E, Parker, Ashe Co.. N. C. 

Dunn. Emanuel. Co. E, Dowell. Johnson Co.. Tenn. 

Dinkins, .\lex., Co. E. Abingdon, Washington Co., Va. 

Eggers, Landrine, Co. D, Matncy. Johnson Co., Tenn. 
Eggers, Cleveland, Co. D. Newburg, Ore. 

Emmert. Lieut. G. W., Co. C, Elizabethton, Carter Co., Tenn. 
Enimert, Lieut. C. M.. Co. H. Elizabethton, Carter Co., Tenn. 
Ellis, Capt. Daniel, Co. A, Hampton, Carter Co.. Tenn. 
Estep, Samuel M., Co. A., Siam. Carter Co.. Tenn. 
Eastridge, Andrew, Co. E, Solitude. Ashe Co., N. C. 
Eastridge, William, Co. E, Solitude. .\she Co., X. C. 
Eastridge. Joel, Co. E, Dowell, Johnson, Tenn. 


Elliott, John G., Co. I, Trade, Johnson Co., Tenn. 
Elliott, William H., Co. F, Carter, Carter Co., Tenn. 
Estep, Heriry C, Co. H, Colesville. Carter Co., Tenn. 

Farris. Lewis, Co. I. Boliver. .Mo. 

Freels, Lieut. J. N., Co. H, Scarboro. Anderson Co.. Tenn. 
Forrester, John, Co. — , L:iurel Bloomerv, Johnson Co., Tenn. 
Franklin, Lieut. G. N., Co. C, Lvnville l-'alN. .Mitchell Co., 

N. C 
Folsom, W. H., Co. G, Emporia, Kan. 

Ferguson, Lieut. B. B., Co. F, Elizabethton. Carter Co., Tenn. 
Frasier, Lieut. A. D., Co. B, Watauga Valley, Carter Co., Tenn. 
France, Robert, Co. L, Elizabethton, Carter Co., Tenn. 
Frasier, Jacob, Co. B, Watauga Valley. Carter Co., Tenn. 
Forbis, Daniel K., Co. B., Carter, Carter Co., Tenn. 
Forrester, Samuel, Co. ^L 'J'ester. Johnson Co., Tenn. 
Fipps, Peter, Co. M., Stoney Creek, Carter Co., Tenn. 
Fritts, David M., Co. D, Neva. Johnson Co., Tenn. 
Ford, John S., Co, C, Bakersville. Mitchell Co.. N. C. 
Frasier, Jas. H., Co. B, Johnson City, Washington Co., Tenn. 
Fondrin, Lieut, .\ndrew C. M., Harriman, Roan Co., Tenn. 

Gambill, William B., Co. F., Leander, N. C. 
Gambill, Jesse W., Co. .M, Baker's Gap, Johnson Co., Tenn. 
Galaway, Jesse, Co. K, Jonesboro, Washington Co., Tenn. 
Grogan. Elijah, Co. L Zionville, N. C. 
Goss, Marion, Co. D, Creston, N. C. 
Grindstaff, Elijah, Co. G, Texas. 
Gray, John. Co. H, Greeneville, Greene Co., Tenn. 
Grindstafif, Isaac, Co. G, Hampton, Carter Co., Tenn. 
Green way, Jas. K., Co. H, Watauga. Carter Co., Tenn. 
Greenwa\, Geo., Co. II, Watauga, Carter Co.. 'J'enn. 
Goodwin. James M.. Co. G, Elk Mill, Carter Co., Tenn. 
Gwinn, David, Co. C, Roan Mountain, Carter Co., Tenn. 
Grayhcal, William, Co. E, Solitude. .\she Co.. N. C. 
(iravl>eal, Henderson, Co. E, Solitude, Ashe Co., N. C. 
Graybeal, Elihu H.. Co. E. Solitude, Ashe Co.. N. C. 
Graybeal, David, Co. E, Solitude, Ashe Co.. N. C. 
Gentry, Jas R., Co. M, Doeville, Johnson, Co., Tenn. 
Garland, Samuel, Co. C. Doeville, Johnson Co.. Tenn. 
Gentry, Lewis L.. Co. L. Doeville. Johnson Co.. Tenn. 
Glover, Richard. Co. A. Elizabethton, Carter Co., Tenn, 
Green, Joseph, Co. G, Elk jMill, Carter Co., Tenn. 
Green, Starling P., Co.. Bakersville, Mitchell Co., N. C. 
Green, Thomas S., Co. C. Bakersville, Mitchell. N. C. 
Garland, Jesse, Co. E. Shady, Johnson Co., Tenn. 
Gentry, Malon, Co. D, Shadv, Johnson Co., Tenn. 
Garland, C. R., Co. C. Bakersville. ^litchell Co.. N. C. 
Garland, J. E.. Co. M, Bakersville. Mitchell Co.. N. C, 
Garland, Lewis, Co. E, Pandora, Johnson Co., Tenn. 
Garland, John R., Co. L, Coleville, Carter Co., Tenn, 

Harris, J, M., Co. — , Laurel Bloomerv, Johnson Co.. Tenn. 

Holman, John. Co. 11., Carthage, Tenn. 

Hill, Albert, G'. C, Blevins, Carter Co., Tenn. 


Iliitz, Thomas N., Co. — , Broylcsville, Waslinigton Co., I'enn. 
J lolly, John, Co. C, Elizabclhlon, Carter Co., Tciin. 
Hart, C. C, Co. H, Elizabethton, Carter Co., Tenn. 
Headerick, J. W., Co. A, Elizabethton. Carter Co., Tenn. 
Hodge, Waitsell. Co. C, Elizabetliton, Carter Co., Tenn. 
Hardin, John \\'., Co. A, ITimpton, Carter Co., Tenn. 

I lardin. John II., Co. ]•". Hampton, Carter Co.. Tenn. 
Ilonsley. Harrison H., Co. 1''. Stoney Creek, Carter Co., Tenn. 

II ately. Smith, Co. E, Lineback, Carter Co.. Tenn. 
Hoss, James H., Co. C, Shell Creek. Carter Co., Tenn. 
Holder, Richard, Co. G. Elk Park, .Mitchell Co.. N. C. 
Hughes, John, Co. C, -Magnetic City, Mitchell Co., N. C. 
Hughes, Charles, Co. C, .Magnetic City, Mitchell Co., N. C. 
Hodge, Wm. R.. Co. C, Roan Monntain, Carter Co., Tenn. 

- Hayes, James L., Co. H, Elizabethton, Carter Co., Tenn. 

Healon, William. Co. M, VVeilsville, Hlonnt Co., Tenn. 

llnmphreys, J. William, Co. G, Morristown. i'enn. 

Humphreys, Jolm S., Co. C,. Johnson City. Washington Co., 

Humphreys, J. William, Co. G. .Morri>lo\vn City, Washington, 
Co.. Tenn. 

Hugiies, Joseph. Co. — . Johnson Cit. Washington Co., Tenn. 

Huffine, Jacol>. Co. II, lohnson Citv. Wa.-hington Co.. Tenn. 

Hyder. W. P., Co. D."Chuckey City, Tenn.' 

Ilawkins, R. A., Co. 1), Laurel Bloomery, JohnstHi Co., Tenn. 

Hatelv, John, Co. E. Lineback, Carter Co., 'i'enn. 

Ilobbs, Joseph H., Co. — , .McDowell, .McDowell Co., N. C. 

Holden, Jnnies J.. Co. G. Butler. Johnson Co., Tenn. 

Hawkins. Landen C. Co. D, Laurel Bloomery. Johnson Co., 
I enn. 

Harris, James H., Co. D, Oceola, Va. 

Hately, R. B., Co. D, Pullman, Wash. 

Harp, Wm., Co. M, Willsville, Tenn. 

Huffine, Bird, Co. H, Johnson City, Washington Co., Tenn. 

Hart, Peter E., Co. H, .\lilligan. Carter Co., Teim. 

Heaton. William, Co. ]\