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Full text of "History of the Thomas Adams and Thomas Hastings families, of Amherst, Massachusetts"

HISTORY 



OF THE 



Thomas Adams ahp Thomas Hastings Fakilies, 



OF 



AMHERST, MASSACHUSETTS. 




* t- . 



^.bums. 



BY 

HERBERT BAXTER ADAMS, 

IN MKMOHY AM) IIONOU OIT 1113 ►ATM III AND MOTUKn, NATIIANIKL 
UICK1NSOH AUAUM, lUtllM JULY 5, 18IU, 1MUI) SKl'l'KMLlKK 7, 
ISfiC, AND IIAUU1ET (IIA1TIMUH) AHAU8. IU)UN MAV- 
IS, IS 10, UAUUIKU UtOKMIILU 1, 1M0. 



AMHERST, MASS. 
PRIVATELY PRINTED, 
1880. 



CS 

71 
.A2 

1880ax 



Research 
Library 



BOSTON 

PUBLIC 

LIBRARY 



^ • 






X 



HISTORY 

OF THE 



Thomas Adams ju\d Thomas Hastings Families, 



OF 



AMHERST, MASSACHUSETTS. 




^buras. 

BY 

HERBERT BAXTER ADAMS, 

IM KK.MOIIY AM» MOKOU rtr 1119 VATIIKU AND HUTIIKH, NATIIANIKL 

Dlt.'KlNHON AUAUM, IHMIM JULY 3, 1(413, UIKI* 8KITK5IUKH 7, 

1300, A.NI) IIAUU1KT (H.vaTINUS) AIIAIU. IU)BM MAY 

IS, 1810, UAJUMKU UfcOKMIIJCU 1, ItfiW. 



AMHERST, MASS. 
PRIVATELY PRINTED, 
1880. 



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INTRODUCTION 



THIS piece of historical knitting work wns sug- 
gested one hot day last August by a strange 
but uncontrollable desire to recall the birthdays of 
my father, mother, brothers, and of the hitter's 
children. The failure of memory to respond to such 
an unreasonable demand, and the reflection Unit, 
even if once learned, it would be a hopeless tusk to 
carry family data in one's head, when nephews are 
rapidly multiplying, inspired in me the joyful thought 
of printing our family record on a bit of card board, 
which could be carried around in the vest pocket and 



A The Adama Family. 

studied liko the catechism on Sundays, or amid my 

reveries us a bachelor, under the shade of an npple- 
trcc of a summer' 8 afternoon. 

Hut with this cheering thought came the idea of 
registering the birthdays of my grandfathers as an 
incentive to living on through hot weather and to a 
good old age. Thinking of my grandfathers led me 
to meditate upon my great grandfathers, who for 
mere lensrth of life ought to stand at the head of the 
list, like the patriarchs of old. There appeared to 
me an obvious advantage in beginning my genealogy 
with great grandfather Asa Adams, Sr., for I had 
never heard of his having any father. I had always 
thought him, like Melchizedek, " without father, 
without mother, without descent," * but, in some 
mysterious way, as sprung from the soil of Shutes- 
bury or possibly as transplanted from New Salem, a 
town hard by. 

On my mother's side the case was different and by 
no means so easy to manage. Great grandfather 
Thomas Hastings had a father, and worse than that, 
a grandfather, and a long line of ancestors reaching 
back, not merely to the first settler, Deacon Thomas 
Hastings of Ipswich, who came over with the Puri- 
tans in 1C34, but also far back into English history. 

• llobrowa, VII., 3. 



TiUroductiou. .T 

I had seen tlic printed '* Hastings Memorial," and 
knew what an interminable record it was, with 
nothing fundamental in its genesis, like Asa Adams, 
Sr., or old Adam of all. Hut still there was one 
convenience in treating.of my mother's family, which 
I was desirous of associating with the Adamses in 
my vest-pocket genealogy : the Hastings patriarchs, 
after the first settler, all bore the name of Thomas, 
and it would, therefore, be very easy to regard them 
as one genus and to record their dates in connection 
with the birthday of great great grandfather Thomas 
Hastings, who was the first of that name in Amherst 
and with whom I determined really to begin 1113* own 
Hastings record, because Amherst adjoined Shutes- 
bury and because through this proximity of towns 
the Adams and the Hastings families were ultimately 
allied. 

This matter of tracing genealogies is, however, a 
will o' the wisp sort of inquiry. One is lured on aud 
on, and never knows when to stop. When a man 
has inquired about his grandfathers, then he wants 
to know about his grandmothers ; and when he has 
found about his grandmothers, then he sees in fancy 
his great grandmothers imploring recognition. And 
behind these come other shadowy faces, other ghostly 
pairs pressing up in a long lino and repeating, " We 
too are your grandparents." And so the genealogist, 



G The Adama Family. 

moved 1))' a spirit of piety and fairness towards his 
ancestors, both male and female, takes down all their 
names and sutlers wives and husbands to live on 
peaceably together in the thoughts of posterity. 

But while determining to do justice to my Hast- 
ings ancestry as far back as I could trace them, I 
still adhered to ni}' former notion of making great 
great grandfather Thomas Hastings of Amherst a 
new point of departure in the history of. the Hastings 
tribe. Abraham, son of Terah, had been called out 
from the land of the Chaldeans to found a new nation, 
and Lieutenant Thomas Hastings, sou of Dr. Thomas 
Hastings, moved from HatGeld over to Amherst. 
Now, thought I, if I can only find a great great 
grandfather Adams to match the Hastings patriarch, 
I shall have two symmetrical and altogether satisfac- 
tory family trees. What was ray joy one day at 
learning from my second cousin, Joseph II. Adams, 
of Hod toy, that thcro was soiuo account of the 
origin of the Adams tribo in a book "called the 
* History of the Ward Family, owned by Alden 
Adams, of Lcverctt, who himself had made quite a 
study of the Adams Geucalogy. I soon visited 



• " History of the Ward Family," by A. H. Ward; (published in 
Boston, 1851, by S. G. Drake, but now exceedingly rare). A copy ia 
ownotl by Aldnn Adama of Levcrctt, and another by Horace Ward of 
AmliorsU 



Introduction. 7 

Lcverett and made my way to Alden Adams' house. 
Not finding him at home, I borrowed the book from 
his obliging wife, nnd hastened back to Amherst. 
My joy was full on finding that, after all, Asa 
Adams, Sr., had a father and that his name was 
Thomas. He was said to have been born about 
1G97, to have come over from England to Ashford, 
Connecticut about 1720, and to have removed to 
Amherst in 1737. " So, so ! " said I, " The Adamses 
after all are not indigenous to Shutesbury, but came 
over from England, and once lived in Amherst ! " 
The name Thomas afforded me further food for 
reflection. Thomas Adams of Amherst, — that sounds 
well, thought I, and will make a good companion 
name to Thomas Hastings. In an instant mj r mind 
was made up : I would write the History of the 
Thomas Adams and Thomas Hastings Families of 
Amherst, Massnehusctts. Here were 1113' two great 
great grandfathers and both of them had settled in 
the same town. Thomas Adams came over from 
England in person, and Thomas Hastings of Amherst 
come over in the person of his ancestor in the third 
degree, so both lines of my genealog}' seemed to 
have been satisfactory traced to their English 
origin. Things now appeared to be on a very sound 
historical basis, tor, in the case of both families, I 
had got back to the first settler. 



8 The Adami Family. 

* 

But as I proceeded to write out the genoalogy of 
the Adnins family, there came the haunting suspicion 
that, after all, Thomas Adams of Amherst was not 
the first settler of our line in this country. In exam- 
ining for another purpose the manuscript collections 
of the late Sylvester Judd of Northampton, I had 
found many lists of names, copied from town and 
parish records in Connecticut, and had discovered 
that there were Adamses scattered all through that 
State as early as 1650. I knew, moreover, that 
there were very few emigrants to this country after 
the year 1G10 ; from that time to the American Rev- 
olution, more persons returned to the old country 
than came to the new. Moreover, I had long been 
aware of the existence of various Adams families in 
the eastern part of Massachusetts, and, once on a 
"time, had examined the New England Historical and , 
Genealogical Register and Bond's Genealogies of 
Watcrtown in the hopes of finding the missing link 
which should connect the Adamses of Eastern and 
Western Massachusetts. I was now convinced, in 
the light of the fact that Connecticut was colonized 
from Eastern Massachusetts, that Thomas Adams of 
Ashford was the connecting link above mentioned. 
I determined to know more of him before rushing 
into print. 

Meantime, I began .to make more thorough work 
of my genealogical researches. I consulted grave- 



Introduction. 

stones mid family Bibles and begun to interview my 
cousins, aunts and uncles. Those whom I could not 
reach in person I addressed by postal card, and very 
soon abundant information began to pour in upon 
me. From the far West, I obtained tidings of 
Adams descendants there. The Hastings genealogy 
I completely revised, for I found several mistakes in 
the printed record. I inserted such new and inter- 
esting data about the Hastings family of doctors in 
Hatfield as I had learned from my reading of local 
history. In fact, I began to get enthusiastic over 
my work and wrote a little sketch of each ancestor, 
as complete as biblical and other returns would 
allow, and soon found that, on the Hastiugs side at 
least, I had a tolerably full record of all the patri- 
archs from the first settler, Deacon Thomas Hast- 
ings, of Ipswich, down to Thomas Hastings of Am- 
herst. I began to be rather ashamed of the Adams 
patriarchs ; there were so few of them, only one 
Thomas and two by the name of Asa. If " Old 
Tom," as I began now to call my revered great great 
grandfather Adams, would only explain himself, 
there might be some chance for an Adams pedigree 
by the side of that of Thomas Hastings. 

One day in September (I believe it was " Cattle 
Show Day") Alden Adams of Leverett called upon 
me and wanted to know how I was getting on with 



10 The Adams Family. 

my genealogy. I told him it was all straight except 
"Old Tom;" I didn't bclicvo Thomas Adams of 
Ashforcl was the first of our line to settle in this 
country. Aldcn Adams calmly informed me that he 
knew he was not, and that the statement in the 
il Ward Book " was a mistake which he himself had 
unwittingly made in furnishing data for the compiler 
of that volume. My informant further stated that he 
had heard from Sanford Adams, of West Brookfield, 
that the Thomas Adams in question was descended 
from the Adamses of Quincy, and that we were 
remotely related to the family of presidents. Here 
was a revelation, which, if true, would enable the 
Adams genealogy to rival that of the Hastings. 
Alden Adams said, moreover, that he had received 
sometime ago a letter from the aforesaid Sanford 
Adams, giving the links in the chaiu which bound 
the Adamses of Eastern and Western Massachusetts 
together. But unfortunately when I visited Leverett 
in order to get this letter, I found that it had been 
lost, but Alden Adams advised me to write to his 
West Brookfield correspondent and ascertain the 
missing links. And, in the course of time, I wrote. 
The following was the reply : 

West Brookfield Depot, * *) 

Worcester Co., Mass., 29th Oct., 1879. ) 
Deaji Sin. — Your postal card received. Henry 
Adams with seven sons came from Devonshire, Eng- 



Introduction. 11 

land, in 1G30, to Quincy, then Braintrce, Mass. 
Edward, one of seven, settled in Modlield, Muss. ; 
his son John in Med way, Mass. ; his. son Thomas in 
Amherst, Mass. Joseph, another of the seven, sot- 
tied in Braintree, Mass. ; his son Joseph in Brain- 
tree; his son John in B rain tree ; his son John, Ex- 
Pres., in Brain tree. Abraham (same generation as 
Thomas of Amherst) settled in Brook field, was my 
great grandfather. Henry, Edward, John, Abra- 
ham, Eloazer, David, and 

Yours very respectfully, . 

Sanford Adams. 

This pithy letter speaks for itself and throws 
much light on the beginnings of the Adams family 
in America. I made further inquiries of Sanford 
Adams and elicited many new facts. Among other 
things, I learned that he had in his possession a rec- 
ord of the Adams Family, dated May 2, 1798, and 
containing five generations, in all, one hundred 
and twenty-six names. This record was prepared 
by Elisha Adams of Medfield. David Adams, the 
father ot Sanford, died last fall (Nov. 12, 1879), 
aged 91 years. " He had a wonderful memory," said 
his son in a letter to inc. "He could tell the names, 
ages, &c., of many families of -Adamses in Med- 
field, Quincy, and other places. Hon. Charles 
Adams, Jr., son of Dr. Charles Adams, Oakham, 
Mass., used to call and see him and copy this infor- 
mation, all of which he has in his possession. 



12 The Adams Family. 

When you conic this way, you had better sec 
Charles' records, which aro very large, he having 
been to England when -he was Treasurer for the 
State of Massachusetts. The records ot Devon- 
shin;, England, he examined, and others back five 
hundred years." 

After reading tho above, I began to rejoice that I 
had not undertaken to write a History of the Adams 
Family, but only that of Thomas Adams of Amherst. 
Still, I thought it would afford my friends some sat- 
isfaction to know the result of my researches 
concerning Thomas Adams, the missing link, together 
with the exact line of continuity Irom Henry Adams, 
who settled in Braintree, now Quincy, Massachusetts, 
down to the aforesaid Thomas. I had not attempted 
to follow out the ramifications of the Hastings 
family, but had given only the patriarchal line of 
descent ; thus much would I attempt to do for the 
Adams tribe of Western Massachusetts, who, for 
the most part, were doubtless not aware of their 
Eastern connections. If I could only get the dates 
of Thomas Adams and his Massachusetts ancestors, 
I thought I should be quite satisfied with the extent 
of my genealogical studies, and be ready to hand 
over my contributions to the future historian of the 
Adams race. But these dates I failed to get from 
Sauford Adams, and so I waited for something to 
turn up. In course of the winter, I received a letter 



Introduction. 



J.V 



from a gentleman in Washington, D. C, with an 
interesting prefatory notice, printed exactly as 
follows : 

Hkcokds of tiik Adams Family 

OK AiMKUICA, 
(Ic.ncaloyical, Jliogvapliicat and Historical. 




The abovo U tho propoud lltlo of a work now In 
coures of pr* parailun. The co-oprrailoii or all ADAMS 
famill**, ami olbura intereAted and allied by marring*, 
l» earnestly rtt|tit:ated. 

In forwarding coplaa of family records !>• careful 
to give full Cbj-lailan name* aud mil datet of lilrtb, 
marriugu nnd deutb, »o far aa practicable. 

Address, Nelson D. Adams, 

U. S. General Land Office, 

Washington. I). C. 

grants. 

Washington, D. C, Jan. 16, 1SS0. 
Prof. H. B. Adams, Baltimore, Md. 

Dear Sir. — I have jnst.learned, through a cor- 
respondent, that yon are collecting genealogical 
material relative to the Adams' family, on which I 
have devoted much time for the past three years. 
In its inception, my search was confined to the 
descendants of my own ancestor (George Adams of 
Watertown, Mass., 16*15,) but, through correspond- 
ence and other sources, having obtained much out- 
side of that branch, and believing, from accumulated 
data, that the early Adamses of New England were 
mostly, if not all, more or less nearly related, I 
finally determined to consider them as one family 
and to collect all I could without distinction. The 
result has been an extensive correspondence and a 
mass of material, relating to all branches. I have 



14 The Adama Family. 

also consulted and mudc extracts ironi all printed 
works which have conic to my knowledge, as con- 
taining data on the subject, which could be found in 
the Libtary of Congress, besides others, which I 
have purchased*. I shall be pleased to be advised as 
to which bianeh of the family you are interested in 
and as to the progress }'ou have made, and to render 
such aid as I can, and have to request your coopera- 
tion on such branches as may not come within your 
line of search. Hoping that I may be favored with 
an early reply, I am 

Ver}' respectfully, 

Nelson D. Auams. 

Of course I made haste to reply to this interesting 
communication from a man bearing the same initials 
to his name as my father and volunteering to aid me 
in my researches. Indeed, so impressed was I with 
the above offer and with the character of Mr. N. D. 
Adams' undertaking, that I immediately forwarded 
him my own manuscript, bidding him make use of 
any of it, or all of it, only begging him to fill out the 
dates of the Adams patriarchs of Thomas Adams' 
line and to correct any errors in my record. The 
answer I received was most courteous, and led the 
way to quite a correspondence. u I find," he said, 
"that I can add a little to your list of Thomas 
A-dams' descendants as well as to his ancestors, and 
can also suggest some few corrections." A very 
considerable addition to the list of Thomas Adams' 
ancestors was made, as is clearly shown by the 



Introduction. Z5 

sketch anil record of "The Welch-Knglish Ancestry 
of the ni-Jiintroc Adams Family," which Mr. N. 1). 
Adams sent me, and which I shall, further on, pre- 
sent to my readers. 

I desire in this connection to express my indebt- 
edness to Mr. N. U. Adams for his great kindness 
in furnishing me with the famous 4k Ap Adam Pedi- 
gree," and so much information concerning it ; also 
for his courtesy in lending me the electrotype plate 
of the Adams coat of arms and in completing the 
record I had besriin of the Massachusetts ancestors 
of Thomas Adams of Amherst. If it had not been 
for the above assistance, this record would not have 
been so early given to the press, for I should have 
been obliged to make vacation journeys to Quincy 
and Medfield. and other places, in search of data 
now entirely at my command. Mr. IJ. D. Adams 
has made a careful study of the History of the 
Adams Family in Eastern Massachusetts and else- 
where, and contemplates the publication, in the 
course of a few years of the Records of the Adams 
Family in America* in several large volumes. Some 



• Thcro are already partial histories of various branches of the 
Adams Family. Thorn i» nil Adams genealogy compiled by Thayer, 
(1835); ono by Grace, (1841); one by Morse, (1657); one by Vinton, 
(1858); and a tifth by Adams, (1801). All these, except Grace's and 
Morse's, can be found In the Boston Public Library. (Sec Bulletin 
Itoston Public Library, April, 1879.— Noto on Genealogy.) The chief 
sources ol genealogical information, concerning early New England 



1G The Adama Family. 

idea of the enormous labor in the task Uo 1ms under- 
taken may be obtained from a consideration of this 
fact : there were at least ten first settlers in New 
England alone who bore the name of Adams, and 
when one reflects that the descendants of Henry 
Adams of Brain tree arc enough to lill one volume, 
one is amazed at the patient enterprise which could 
undertake a <;cncalo":ical work on a still vaster scale. 
I am permitted by Mr. N. D. Adams to reprint the 
following list, which he has prepared for circulation 
among the Adamses of various families in the hope 
of obtaining further information of their descendants. 

EARLIEST SETTLERS OF NEW ENGLAND, 
OF THE NAME ADAMS. 

1 John, came to Plymouth in the ship u Fort- 
une," Nov. 11, 1621. 



families, are (1) Sav Age's Genealogical Dictionary, (2) tho Now Eug- 
l.iiul Historical and Genealogical Register, (3) Bond's Genealogies 
vntl History of Watertown. 

It is hoped that sometime tlioio will be published a complete His- 
tory of iho Henry A Jama Family of Drulutroe, anil it is with thin 
hope that I print the following record of our western branch, not 
claiming any genealogical completeness or absolute Infallibility, but 
presenting it simply as a report of progress. If this first attempt to 
collect together the scattered sons of Thomas Adams under ouo 
family tree slio.dd stimulate others to gather in children's children 
unto the third and fourth generation, I should greatly rojoice, for it 
is a goodly sight to seo all the wido-sprcading branches of one rugged 
parent stem. 



Introduction. J 7 

2 Henry,* with eight sons, settled nt Mt. Wol- 

laston (Braintrce) 1634. 

3 William,* in Cambridge, 1G35 removed to 

Ipswichf before 1642. 

4 Roiikkt,* u tailor," Ipswich, 1635 ; Salem, 

1638 ; Newbury, 1G40. 

5 RicnARD,* Weymouth, 1635 ; a representative 

' in 1G37. 

6 Richard, " bricklayer," Salem ; came in the 

ship " Abigail," in 1G35. 

7 Jeremy,* Braintrce, 1G32 (?); Cambridge, 

1635 ; Hartford, 1636. 

8 Ferdinando, "shoemaker," from London, 

Dedham, 1637, 

9 George,* " a glover," Watertown, before 

1645 ; removed to Lexington in 1664. 

10 Christopher, "mariner," Braintrce, 1645; 
Kittery, Me., before 1668. 



* 'Phono designated hy n star hnvo boon supposed, by soinu gonoiil- 
ogUta, to liavo been kinsmen, but positive evidence ia wanting to sub - 
tain such mi opinion, in any ease.— Xoic by N. D. Attains. 

t Tho gonealojfy of the Ipswich lino of Adamses Ii.ib becu 
worked up by 1'rof. C. K . Adams, of the University of Michigan, and 
It will be incorporated into tho History of tho Adams Family, by 
Mr. N. D. Adams, at least, so I have been informed by Dr. Henry C 
Adams, of Waterloo, Iowa, and late Fellow of Johns Hopkins Uni- 
versity. Both he and Prof. C. E. Adams, and also Iho Adams slstors, 
of Baltimore, Md., arc descended from the Ipswich stock. 



13 The Adams Family. 

EARLY SETTLERS OF THE NAME IN VIRGINIA. 

Ralph, Elizabeth City, 1623.— " Adams," James 

Island, 1623. 
Robert, Martin's Hundred, 1624. 
Riciiard, age 22, embarked for Virginia in the 

ship " Globe," of London, Aug. 6, 1635. 

Our Western Massachusetts branch, 'that of 
Thomas Adams, of Amherst, and also the family of 
the late Prof. C. B. Adams,* of Amherst College, 
who moved into this town from Middlebury, Vt, 
arc descended from Henry, on the above list, who 
with eight sons, settled at Mt. Wollaston, afterward 
Braintree, now Quincy, Mass. It is an occasion for 
congratulation that, amid so great a variety of first 
settlers bearing the Adams name in Now England, we 
should so easily have hit upon the true progenitor of 
our line. I had once thought, from the occurrence of 

* Professor Churlea B. Adams came originally from Dorchester, 
Mass., but was called to Middlebury College, Vt. He was a graduate 
of Anilioixt College In llio uIiuh of 1834; ho aloud at tho head, mid 
llunry Ward Beeclier at tho foot. Professor 0. B. Adams became a 
very noted zoologist and loft valuable collections for the cabinets of 
Amherst College. Ills widow and son Henry are still living in Am- 
herst. An account of this family will appear in the future work of 
Mr. N. D. Adams. 

The other family of Adamses living in Amherst, that of the for- 
merly well known booksellers, J. S. & O. Adams, the first publishers 
of Webster's Dictionary, came to this town from Middletou, Mass 
Their father was the Rev. Solomon Adams, of Middletou. 



Introduction. 1ft 

such names as Nathaniel (my father's name) anil Bcn- 
jamin in the genealogy of the Adams Family of Water- 
town, that we were descended from George Adams, 
the ancestor of my Washington correspondent, but 
it is now perfectly clear that Thomas Adams, the 
" missing link," binds our family to the old Brain- 
tree or Quincy stock, which is descended from John, 
Lord Ap Adam of England, Baron of the Realm 
from 1296 to 1307. For the benefit of those who 
might be tempted to associate Ap Adam with the 
apes, I venture to explain, that the family is of 
Welsh origin, and that the prefix Ap signifies " the 
son of" Adam, just the same as Mc Donald means 
the son of Donald. The Adams name occurs also 
as Mc Adam, Macadam, and Adamson. The Welsh 
form of Ap Adam fell into disuse in the 15th cen- 
tury, being anglicized to Adams. 

Amherst, Mitsa.fJuly G, 1880. n. n. a. 



THE WELSH-ENGLISH ANCESTRY 

OF THE 

BRAINTREE ADAMS FAMILY. 

BY NELSON D. ADAMS. 



THE pedigree of the Adams family of Braintrec, 
Mas9., which follows, appeared in the New Eng- 
land Historical and Genealogical Register in January, 
1853, Vol. VII., pp. 39-40, and has been the sub- 
ject of much speculation among New England gene- 
alogists, as to its authenticity. It is not our inten- 
tion to claim for this "pedigree ".that which we can 
not now prove, viz : that it is absolutely correct, but 
as it has been regarded authentic by several noted 



• The. Welsh-English Anccshy. 21 

genealogists who have made, a study of our family 
histoiy aud were connected with our family b}* mar- 
riage or maternal descent, viz : Messrs. Vinton, 
Drake, Shattuck, and Morse, all deceased, and is also 
regarded in that light by several now living, who 
also have made and are making a specialty of Adams 
genealog}', we deem an apology unnecessary for 
presenting this, to sixy the least, curious and appar- 
ently well authenticated document. 

It is to be regretted that so few dates are included 
in the pedigree, and particularly those of births, as 
had they been supplied, in connection with places of 
residence, a verification of the pedigree might have 
been made, through parish, church, or other local 
records. 

This pedigree professes to show a line of descent 
of sixteen generations from Ap Adam, father of 
John, Lord Ap Adam, who was summoned to Par- 
liament from 129G to 1307, as a Baron of the Realm. 
In order to approximate the periods of manhood of 
the descendants of the ancestor, we will suppose 
that he (Ap Adam) settled in England, when a 
young man, in the year 1250. Taking this as a 
starting point, we find that sixteen intervening peri- 
ods of twenty-seven years each" bring us down to 
the 3 r ear 1G82, in which the descendants of the sev- 
enteenth generation arc said to have been living, and 
in order to more fully illustrate this approximation 



22 The Adams Family. 

we have Added to our copy of the originAl pedigree 
the year, in small figures, opposite to the name of 
the representative of eAch generAtion. 

The following extract from the New England His- 
torical and Genealogical Register, hefore mentioned, 
precedes the pedigree which follows : 

"PEDIGREE OF THE ADAMS FAMILY, ORIGINALLY 
LOCATED AT BUAINTREE, MASS. 

(The following very Ancient pedigree of the AdAms 
family has been furnished by WilliAm Downing 
Bruce, Esq., F. S. A., And Cor. Mem. of N E. II. 
G. Societ}', of the Middle Temple, London. His let- 
ter accompanying it, addressed to J. W. Thornton, 
Esq., is as follows : — ' No. 9 Victoria Square, Lon- 
don, Nov. 1st, 1851. DeAr Sir: I have found what 
I consider of great interest to every American, the 
geneAlogy of John AdAms, the second President of 
the United States. It is copied from an Ancient 
parchment roll with arms, etc., of the time of 
Charles I., which I discovered among the papers of 
the late Edwin Hamlin Adams, M. P. for the count}' 
of Carmarthen, and it is now in possession of his 
son, Edward Adams, Esq., of Middleton Hall, in 
said county. Mr. Adams is a gentleman of great 
wealth and consequence in this county, and takes a 
great interest in genealogy.' Mr. Bruce is himself 
maternally descended from the Adams family.)" 



PEDIGREE OF ADAMS. 



1230 



Arms.* — Argent on a cross gules five mullets or. 

Crest. — Out of a ducal coronet, or, a demi-lion affrontee gules. 

Ap Adam 1 came out of the John, Lord Gourney of Beverston, 



f Marches of Wales. County Gloucester. 



^Sir John Ap Adam* 2 Kt., Lord Ap Adam, = Elizabeth 

(Baron of the Realm from 1298 to 1307.) 

, _ . _^v. » 

""Sir Thomas Ap Adam 3 , Sir John Ap Adam, 3 William Ap Adam, 3 Sir Roger Ap Adam 

who married and had issue. married anl bad issue. of Lancashire. 



L<53l W*iHiara Ap Adam 4 , who had a son.^Sir John Ap Adam 3 , who was the father of 
^Thomas Ap Adam 8 = Jane, daughter and heiress of Sir John Guge. 



""Sir John Ap Adam, Kt. 7 = Milescent, dau. of Sir Matthew Besylls (2^ Kt. 



1WB Sir John Ap Adam, alias Adams 8 == Clara, dau. and co-heir of Mr. Roger Powell. 

(After this the Ap came into disuse.) 
" > 

1466 Roger Adams 9 = Jane, daughter of — Elh'ott. 



14ar rhomas Adams 10 = Marie, daughter of Mr. — Upton. 



uso 



John Adams" = Jane, daughter of Mr. — Rennelegh 



^John Adams 1 * = Catherine, daughter and heiress of Mr. — Stebbing. 



— »-- — 



""Nicholas, 13 John 13 = Margerye, George, 13 

1(J01 Richard 4 Margaret, dau. of Mr. — Armager. (sic cop.) 

,- %__ — _ . v 

108 Robert u = Elizabeth Shadow. William li = —daughter of — Boringoton. (?) 

had Lwue. 

^George 16 = — - «iau. of Mr. connd HENRY." Ambrose, 16 John, 1 * 

Lieut, in service of Charles I. T™/i«n Died in Braintree, in had issue. had issue. 

Died in Barbadoes in 1647. ix>nuoD. yew Englandt ^ lfr46 

, * , , , A , 

1682 Conrad. 17 George.' 7 John. 17 + 1C82 Henry. 17 Sam— 17 Joseph. 17 — omas. 17 Peter. 17 Edward 17 

li. 1680. II. 1&80-. 1L 16*0. li. 1630. 1L 1680. li. 1680. li. 1682.§ li. 1680. 11. 1680. 

* In the upper part of a Gothic window on the southeast side of Tiilenham Church, near Chopston, Eng., the 
name " John Ab AJam, 1310," in old English, and Arms, as above, are still (1851) to be found beautifully executed in 
stained glass of great thickness, and in perfect preservation.— From Note of C. F. Adamt, Jr. 

t" Marches of Wales," i «., Borders of \Vales. " Lords of the Marches were noblemen, who, in times past, 
inhabited and secured the Marches of Wales and Scotland, ruling as if they were petty kings, with their private 
laws, which were abolished by Stat. 27, Hen. 8." — Phillips and Kersey. j 

X The three sons of George and six sons of Henry were living when the ancientW rchment was drawn np. To 
the U»te, 164*5. the year of Henry of Braintree's death, Mr. Brace has this remark: *"*>is note is in a later hand, I: 
say about 16*}." ^-^^ » • .», ) •« 

§ " 1&*2 " is presumed to be a misprint. It probably should be 1680, like the others of the 17tn ge»- - -*ion. , *rt.'_ 
"li." stands for living. < \ 



\ 



The Welsh-English Ancestry. 23 

NOTE. 

IN regard to the foregoing pedigree, which carries 
back the history of the Henry Adams Family of 
Braintree over six hundred years, I have received 
the following further statement by letter from Mr. 
N. D. Adams : 

" Some of the Boston genealogists have been 
inclined to doubt the authenticity of the document, 
but I am of the opinion that it is entitled to confi- 
dence, after having consulted several persons in 
whose opinions I have much faith. The genuine- 
ness of the pedigree is substantiated to some extent 
from the fact that there was a Conrad, George and 
John Adams living on Barbadoes in the 3'ear 1G79, 
as I have ascertained from another source, and there 
is at the present time an estate in Barbadoes known 
as 'Adams Castle,' one of the oldest estates on that 
island, from which facts we are led to infer that, at 
least, the sons of George 16 (brother of Heniy) were 
not myths. There was also an Ambrose Adams liv- 
ing in the town of St. Michaels, Barbadoes, in 1G80. 
May this not have been Ambrose 10 ? If so he was 
probablj' quite aged. 

In reply to your question, I would say that you 
would probably discover no very important facts by 
examining the records of Braintree and Brookfield. 
I have the records of the families of each of Henry's 
eight sons, but as your book professes to be only a 
genealogy of the descendants of Thomas, I sent 
3 r ou only enough to show family connection with the 
ancestor ; if, however, you desire further records, I 
shall be pleased to furnish you with them." 



PART I. 

THE THOMAS ADAMS FAMILY, OF AMHERST. 



I. HENRY ADAMS, of Braintree. 

HE was the first settler of our line in this countrj' 
and the ancestor of the Braintree and Tboraas 
Adams Families. It was believed by John Quiney 
Adams that the above Henry came from Braintree, 
Essex County, England, about 1C34. This is now the 
more approved view ; it was formerly believed that 
he came from Devonshire, England, and President 
John Adams erected a monument in Quiney to his 
ancestor with an inscription to this effect: "In 
memoiy of Henry Adams, who took his flight from 
the Dragon persecution, in Devonshire, England, 
and alighted with eight sons near Mt. Wollaston. 
One of the sons returned to England, and after tak- 
ing some time to explore the country four removed 



o/r 



Henry Adams of Braintree. 25 

to Med field and the neighboring towns, two to 
Chelmsford. One only, Joseph, who lies here at his 
left hand, remained here ; who was an original pro- 
prietor in the township of Braintree incorporated 
1G39." Henry Adams died in Braintree, Oct. G, 
1G-1G. His wife was living at that time, but her 
name is unknown. Henry Adams had eight sons 
and one daughter, all born in England ; only five 
sons, Peter, John, Joseph, Edward, and Samuel, 
and his daughter Ursula, are mentioned in Henry 
Adams' will.* The following is the complete list of 
children : 



• Will of Henry Adams of Braintree, 1C4C.— " First, my will Is, 
that my sonne Peter and John, and my dau. Vraula, shall have tlio 
ground in the Neck, both vpland and meddow, during the tenne I 
was to enjoy it, vntlll it retunie into the townes hands againc from 
whom I had it. AIbo tho Aker in tho Mill feilds. My will is, that my 
bookes shall bo divided amongst all my Children ; that my wife shall 
have aud Knjoy all my olhor GimhIb so Longo an shoo llvoth vnmarried. 
And If she marry, then my will is y» Josephe, Edward, and my duu. 
t'rsula, should enjoy all my ground in the Hold that lyeth in tho way 
to Waymouth ferry, and my house Lott, with, all the houses and fruit 
trocs, and all my moveables, at the death or marriage of ray wife; 
Provided, thoy and tholr mother shall pay to my sonno Samuel tfiat 
w«=h Is due to him for tho ground I bought of him, to be payd in Con- 
venient tyme. But lu case Cod should sou deal w"> my wlfo that 
shee be constrayned to make vse of something by way of Sale shee 

may. , w , 

Unally, for moveables, my will Is, that my sonno Peter and John 

shall have an cquall sharo wiUi my sonno Joseph and Edward, and 

inv dau. Vrsula. 

8. 4. 1C47. Beuiamin Axlbe, 

Increase Nowell, sec. Riooaud Bbackett. 

This will I have copied from the New England Historical and 
Genealogical Register, for 1853, (Vol. VII., page 36.) u. b. a. 



20 Tho Adum* Family. 

1. IIicNicr, boni 1604, married Elizabeth Paine in 
LG'1 3, removed to Unit part of Dcdhain which became 
Medlield, of which he was the Gist town clerk, lie 
was a lieutenant of an artillery company, and was 
killed by the Indians in the second year of King 
Philip's war. 

2. Thomas, born 1612, married Mary Blackraore, 
removed to Concord, then to Chelmsford, where he 
died 1G88. 

3. Samuel, born 1617, married (1) Rebecca 
Graves, (2) Esther Sparhawk ; resided in Concord, 
Charlestown, in 1654 removed to Chelmsford, and 
died 1G66. 

4. Jonathan, born 1619, married (1) Elizabeth, 
(2) Mary; removed {o Med field. 

5. Peter, born 1622, married Rachel; settled 
in Medfield. 

6. John, born 1624, married Ann ; removed to 
Concord and afterwards to West Cambridge. 

7. Joseph, born 1626, married Abigail Baxter, 
remained in Braintree, and was ancestor of the 
llruliitroo-Qitiuoy lino of Aduinuos. His «on Joseph 
was the grandfather ol President John Adams and 
great grandfather of John Quincy. Captain John 
Adams, a brother of the second Joseph, was grand- 
father of Samuel Adams of Revolutionary fame. 
Charles Francis Adams is son of President John Q. 
Adams aud father of the John Quincy who has so 



Eihrnrtl Adams of ifidjUUl. '21 

frequently been democratic candidate for the olllcc 
of Governor of Massachusetts, also of Henry 
Adams, formerly Professor of History at Harvard 
College, of Charles Francis. Jr., and of Urooks 
Adams. 

8. Edward, born 1G30, married (1) Lyriia, and 
settled in Med field ; she died March, 3, 1676. He 
married (2) Widow Abigail (Crafts) Ruggles, of 
Roxbury, and died Nov. 12, 1716. He was the 
grandfather of Thomas Adams of Amherst. See 
below. 

9. Ursula, named in her father's will ; nothing 
further known of her. It is refreshing, however, to 
find such a name among the Mehitables and Susan- 
nahs of our Puritan ancestry. 

II. EDWARD ADAMS, of Medfield. 

Dr. Savage, in his Genealogical Dictionary of 
New England (I., 9), where considerable space is 
devoted, to the Adams Family, says of the above : 
u He was much employed in public duties, ensign, 
selectman, for niairy years, representative in the two 
first General Courts 1689, after the overthrow of 
Andros, and died Nov. 12, 1716." 

He had fourteen childen, as follows, viz. : 

1. Lydia, born July 12, 1653. Married 

Daniel. 

2. Jonathan, born April 4, 1655. 



2.9 The Adams Family. 

3. John, born Feb. 18, 1G57, remained in Mcd- 
field. 

4. Eliasiiib, born Feb. 18, 1659, settled in Bris- 
tol, R. I. 

5. 8aiia.ii, born Ma}' 29, 1GG0, married a Turner. 
G. James, born Jan. 4, 1G62, settled in Burring- 

ton, It. I. 

7. Henry, born Oct. 29, 1663, settled in Canter- 
bury, Ct. 

8. Meiiitable, born March 30, 1665, living uu- 
married in 1715. 

9. Eusiia, born Aug. 25, 1666, died noxt month. 

10. Edward, born June 28, 1668, settled in 
Bristol, R. I. 

11. Bethia, born April 12, 1671, died in a few 
days. 

12. Betiiia (2d), born Aug. 18, 1672, died in a 
few days. 

13. Abigail, born June 25, 1675, died in infancy. 

14. Miriam, born Feb. 26, 1676, died in infancy. 

III. JOHN ADAMS, of Medfield. 

lie married (1) Deborah ; (2) Susannah, 

resided in Medfield, where ho had fourteen chil- 
dren born, as follows, viz. : 

1. Edward, born 1682, said to have settled in 
Milton. 



Thomas Adams of Amherst. 20 

2. John, born Dec. 22, 1G84, resided in Med way. 

3. Daniel, bora Jan. 12, 1G8G, resided in West 
Med way. 

4. Emsajser, born Sept. 22, 1G87, resided in 
Med way . 

5. Obamaii, born Jan. 28, 1G89, resided in 
Med way. 

6. Jonathan, born , resided in Medway. 

7. Thomas, by 2d wife, born Feb. 5. 1G95, 
removed to Ashford, Ct., then to Amherst. 

8. Susannah, born 1G97. 

9. Jeuemiaii, born July 13, 1699, settled in 
Hrookfield. 

10. Abraham, born Aug. 1, 1701. 

11. Bethia, born 1702, married Timothy Steams 
of Framingham. 

12. Pihneas, born jMay 19, 1705. 

13. Hannah, born 1707. 

14. Esther, born . 

IV. THOMAS ADAMS, of Amherst. 

-^ Ho was born Feb, 5, 1G95, removed to Ash- 
ord, Ct., about 1720, and from thence to Am- 
herst about 1737. He probably settled in the region 
of North Amherst " City," near Lcverett. His 
son John was taxed in Amherst for owning a 
mill and a negro. The name of the wife of 
Thomas has not been found. She was a widow 



30 The Adams Family. 

ill 1715 anil her name was on the valuation list of 
Amherst from that }'ear until December, 17/51, 
inclusive. Thomas Adams was a tax-payer in 1740, 
as may be seen by the Book of Births, Marriages 
and Deaths, prior to 1843, preserved in the Oflice of 
the Town Clerk at Amherst. On this record appear 
the names of three daughters of Thomas : Sarah, 
admitted to the First Church, Jan. 20, 1754; Doro- 
thy, admitted Dec. 1756 ; and Betty admitted Feb. 
9, 17GG. He had at least five sons, as follows: 

1. ASA, born about 1728, married (1) Jan. 18, 
1753, Sarah Dickinson, daughter of Dea. Kbenezer 
and Sarah (Kellogg) Dickinson, of Amherst ; (2) 
as early as 1774, Grace Ward, born 1752, daughter 
Dea. Isaac Ward of Amherst and Leverett. She 
died in Shutesbury in 1827, aged 75, and he died in 
the same town, Feb. 15, 1826, aged 98. He was 
the father of Asa Adams, Jr., and grandfather of 
Nathaniel Dickinson Adams. For further account, 
see below, V. 

2. ABNER, born 1730, married May 9, 1754 v 
Dorothy Murray, born Aug, 11, 1729, daughter of 
Gen. William and Hannah (Dickinson) Murray of 
Amherst. They had two daughters, Naomi, who 
married Lewis Gilbert of Leverett, July 23, 1778, 
and Doroth}-, baptized April 10, 1757 ; afso two sons, 
Reuben, baptized July 8, 1770, and Thomas, who 



Nathan Adama of Leverctt. 31 

lived to the age of 03 ; Reuben probably died early. 
Little is known of Abner, except that he became 
crazy in consequence of the loss of his wife and a 
child, and used to wander in the swamps in search 
of whip-poor-wills. lie is remembered by Achsah 
(Adams) King, as brother to her grandfather, Asa 
Adams, Sr. Abner Adams appears on an Amherst 
tax list for 1770, and as late as 1792. He was 
admitted to the First Church Sept. 24, 1769. 

3. NATHAN ADAMS, born 1735, married (I) 
a Miss Rood (Widow Rood of Sturbridge, Mass., 
was, in 1759, his mother-in-law) ; three children, (1) 
Sauaii, born 17G1 (married Bezabeel AVilden), (2) 
Levi, born 1763, had nine sons, Henry, Austin, 
Levi, Newell, Baxter, Bradley, Willard, Aid en, 
Edward F., and one daughter, Orenda. (See foot- 
note about Isaiah, brother of Nathan Adams). Hen- 
ry, the oldest son of Levi, was living in Peru, Huron 
Co., Ohio, in 1873, aged 87; another son, Edward 
F., has promised Alden Adams to work up the 
record of Levi's sons; (3) Hannah, horn 17GG, 
(married Nathan Zucll). Nathan Adams married 
^(2) Sybil Ward, daughter of Dea. Isaac Ward, of 
Leverett. With her he lived sixty lour years at 
Leverett, where the} 7 both died at the age of 97, he 
Jan. 1, 1832, and she Oct. 25, 1839. They had 
eight children, descendants of whom still live in 
Leverett : 



32 The Adams Family. 

1. Ekastus, born Feb. 24, 1770, married Harriet 
Ainsworth ; eight children, (1) Nathan born March 

4, 1804, died 1838 ; (2) Erastua Jr., born , 

married "(1) Lncinda Jameson, Oct. 10, 1827, who 
died 1831, leaving two children, William W., born 
Dec. 12, 1828, settled in Lincoln, Me., and Elvira 
born Dec. 28, 1830 (married C. F. Davis, of Mich., 
see Descendants of Asa Adams Jr., VI., 1,) ; Erastus 
Jr., married (2) Octavia Cushman of Amherst, Aug. 
15, 1834, and died Dec. 30, 1846; they had four 
children, Lncinda born Nov. 26, 1836, died July 4, 
1843 ; Mary born Dec. 18, 1838, died July 5, 1843 ; 

11. Elizabeth born Feb. 12, 1841 (married James 
A. Gilford, Milo, Me., Dec. 24, 1862) ; Nancy born 
Dec. 20, 1843 (married R. A. Monroe, May 1, 1866 
and died Jan. 16, 1877, six children) ; (3) William 
W. % born Oct. 22, 1808, became an M. D., and 
settled in Arkansas, married in Little Rock, Oct. 
27, 1842, Elvira Cmnmings ; (4) CJtarles Marcy, 
born May 15, 1810, often spoken of as "Ensign 
Adams." died Jan. 25, 1835; (5) Itufus born April 
1, 1813, married Ann Lirncrd, 1838 ; children, Julia 
born 1839 (married Albert Pratt) ; Charles E., born 
1841 (married Carrie Adams, Northficld, 111., Aug. 

12, 1865, who haa borne him two children, Frank 
W., born in Evanston, 111., Oct. 4, 1869 and Charles 
E. Jr., born Feb. 17, 1874); Louisa born 1843, 
(married Wm. Glazier) ; Marcus born 1844 ; Elvira 



Allien Ailama of Lcvcrctt. tf.'l 

born 1816 (married Otis Dodge) ; (G) Mury, born 
July 18, 181G, (married S. S. Broad, of New York, 
and died 1840) ; (7) Alden,* born Jan. 1, 1818, 
married May 3, 1842, Hannah R. Bartlctt, born Jan. 
28, 1818; three ehildren, (1) Mary L., born April 10, 
1844 (married Edward F. Ingraham, six children, 
Isabel, born April 5, 1867, Edna, born Aug. 24, 
1869, Mary, born Aug. 31, 1871, Frederic, born 
July 9, 1873, Nellie, born May 9, 1877, Estella, 
born Sept. 1, 1878) ;(2) Austin W., born Oct. 9, 
1846. (married Loretta J. Barber, Dec. 25, 1868, 
two children, Sybil L., born July 22, 1871, Mollis A. 
born Feb. 24, 1873) ; (3) Herbert O., born Oct. 18, 
1859 ; (8) Louisa, born July 18, 1819, married 



* Alden Adams of Leverett is the only Adams west of Brook field 
who has heretofore interested himself in tracing the genealogy of 
the Thomas Adams Family and to him the compiler of this record 
fools greatly indebted. It wns a history of the Ward family, (owned 
by Allien Adams and to which he made the Adams contributions) 
that first pat the author of this history on the track of Thomas Adams 
and gavo tho first decided Impulse toward gathering a record of tho 
hitter's descendants. In this work, the author has been warmly 
seconded by Aldou Adams, who furnished most of tho abovo data con- 
cerning tiio offspring of Nathan Adams, also the chief facts about llio 
Vfainily of John Adams, and other valuable information. Alden 
Adams has a great rospect for tho Ward Family and thinks that if 
there is any good in tho Adams tribe, it is duo to their intermarriage 
with the Wards. In the light of the early history of tho Adams Fami- 
ly, now first given to our Western Massachusetts branch, it is to be 
hoped that our pioneor genealogist, Alden Adams, will be con- 
vinced of tho respectability of his ancestry back of the Uirce Adams 
brothers who man ied three Ward sisters ! 



:t i The Adams Family. 

J. S. Gilbert; children, Ellon L.,born May 3, 1839 
(married Almon Cowlcs, 1859, daughter Stella, born 
18(10) ; Aldcn, born Sept., 1842, (married Minnie 
Bard well.) 

2. Eliphalet, born 1772, married Mary Field of 
Leverett, 1795, both died 1813; three children, (1) 
Hubbard, who married Mary Conant of Leverett, 
who died aged 20 ; he died aged 33 ; (2) Roswell ; 
(3) Louisa, who married Daniel Dickinson of 
Amherst. 

3. Nathan, born 1775, died 1797. 

4. Baxter, born 1779, married Abigail Keith, 
1805, and settled in Adams (Sackett's Harbor), N. 
Y. ; sons, Eli, Baxter, De Fleury, Franklin, George, 
and a daughter who married Silas Sawyer of New 
Buffalo, Mich. 

5. Lucinda, born 1781, married, 1802, Oliver 
Clapp of Amherst, father of 0. M. Clajjp, the anti- 
quary and marble worker in East Amherst, and also 
father of Eliza, who married Dea. Nelson Rust 
(father of Horatio, Helen, and Elizabeth). Oliver 
Clapp, Sr., died in 1803, and Mrs. Clapp married 
Asahel Blodgett in 1812 ; children, Eunice, Lucinda 
(who married Silas Ward Adams), and Theodore 
Blodgett. 

0. Betsey, born 1783, married De Easting Salis- 
bury of Adams, N. Y., in 1805, and died in 1844. 



Hansom Adums of LcvnruU. i)fi 

• 

7. Cakomnk, born July 7, 178-1, married Alphcus 
Field, of Lcverett, in 1812; children, Du Easting 
Salisbury (married Edith Crocker), Caroline, (mar- 
ried S tough ton D. Crocker), Levi Alpheus (who 
became a minister and married Nancy Holmes). 

8. Ransom, born July 7, 1790, married March 1, 
1814, Dolly Keet, and died at Still Corner, Aug. 22, 
1870. His wife, a bright, active old lady of 88, is 
still living (1880) on the old place at Leverett. 
Children of Ransom and Doll}' Adams: (1) Christo- 
pher C, born Sept. 20, 1814, married, (1) June 1, 
1843, Harriet H. Hubbard, who died Jan. 20, 1857 ; 
(2) Marcia A. Weeks, June 9, 1859 ; children 
of Christopher, Israel II., born Sept. 3, 1844, died 
Jan. 22, 1845; William II., born Jan 6, 18-17, died 
Oct. 22, 18G8; Frederic F., born June 7, 1849, 
(married Oct. 3, 1878, Nettie Stetson, a 3 T oung 
woman brought up in the family of Mrs. Harriet 
Hastings Adams, of East Amherst) ; Lizzie N., 
born Jan. 1, 1852; Ida M., born Aug. 30, 1854, 
died March 12, 1880; (2) Maria, born 1817, mar- 
ried Eliaha lngraham, May 12, 1841 ; children, 

v Edward F., born Nov. 28; 1812; Lovina A., born 
born May 14, 1844 ; Lizzie M., born July G, 18 IG ; 
Ella L., born March 25, 1848 (married Geo. E. 
Field, June 7, 1870) ; Mary A., born Feb. 20, 1850, 
(married William II. Smith, June 14, 1873); (3) 
Caroline, born 1819, married F. W. Field; (4) 



36 • 77i0 Adams Family. 

Dolly, born 1821, died Dec. 16, 1868; (5) Aurelia, 
born 1824, married, Feb. 26, 1850, A. B. Strong, 
M. D., who died Sept. 7, 1852. 

4. JOHN, married, Nov. 1764, Betsey Ward, of 
Lcveref , b6in about 1740, died in 1837. He was 
living in Amherst as late as 1770, for his name ap- 
pears on the Valuation List of that town as taxable 
for owning a mill and a negro. (See List at the end 
of M. F. Dickinson's Historical Address, delivered 
at the Centennial Celebration in Amherst, p. 44). 
John Adams finally moved away to the town of 
Ilowe, in the north-western part of Massachusetts, 
near Hoosac Tunnel. He was the father of seven 
children, viz. : 

1. Isaiah, who married Nuncy Brown, and for his 
second wile, Sally Kendrick. 

2. Sybil, who married Jonas Gleason, of Buck- 
land. 

3. Betsey, who married the Rev. Edward Daven- 
port, of Coleraine, and died about 1825. 

4. Estheu, who married Asa Kendrick, of Uowe. 

5. Asenath, baptized in the First Church >y 
Amherst, Sept. 28, 1766 ; probably died early. 

6. Eunice, baptized in Amherst, May 14, 1769. 
Married Jonas Corbctt. They removed to Whiting- 
ham, Vermont. 



Isaiah Adams of Amherst. 37 

7. Asenath, baptized in Amherst, May 12, 1771, 
married Artemas Rice, of Charlemont, and died in 
1849. 

5. ISAIAH,* born 1725. He was on the Am- 
herst Valuation list in 1770 and a9 la*° as,;j.792 
died 1810. ^ 

6. SARAH, admitted to the First Church at 
Amherst, Jan. 20, 1754. 

7. DOROTHY, admitted to the First Church at 
Amherst, Dec' 175G. 

8. BETTY-, admitted to the First Church at 
Amherst, Feb. 9, 17GG.f 

* This name does not appear in the list of Thomas' sous, as given 
in the History of the Ward family. The following lcttor was commu- 
nicated to me by N. D. Adams, of Washington, D. C, and contains 
reference to Isaiah Adams. I have since ascertained his dates from 
Alden Adams. "Peru, Huron Co., Ohio, April 27, 1878. Sir:— Your 
letter was duly received. * * • My ancestors were from Leverett, 
Mass. My Giandfather's name was Nathan. His brothers wore 
Isaiah, Asa, Abuer and John. Nathan's sons were Levi, Erastus, 
Kliphalct, Ransom and Raxter. I am the oldest son of Levi, (aged 87 
years). * * • * My lather's sous were named llenry, Austin, 
Levi, Newell, ISaxter, Dradloy, Wilhird, Alden and Kdward F., and 
one daughter, Omnia. « • • » Very respectfully, Henry Adams. 

V^ fThe names of the three daughters of Thomas Adams have just 

m discovered in the Rook of Births, Marriages and Deaths, prior 

1843, in Amherst. Into this book data from the Church Records 

ave been copied. In addition to these names, there are mentioned 

in Enoch Adams, son of Oliver and Retscy Adams, born June 5, 1804, 

and a Sihw Adams, of Daltou, designated as " Unknown," but said 

to have married Salome, daughter of Ebenozer Eastman, April 21, 

18o:l. Ho was doubtless the son of Asa Adams, Sr., V., G. 



88 The Adams Family. 

V. ASA ADAMS. 

The founder of the second generation in our line 
of descent from Thomas Adams, of Amherst, set- 
tled iu Shutesbury, then called Roadtown, p in 1751), 
having received from the original proprietors, who 
laid out a road from Lancaster to the Connecticut 
River, a grant of 124 acres of land in the southern 
corner of the town where Amherst, Pelham, and 
Shutesbur}' meet (see Proprietors' Book, page 52, 
now in possession of the town-clerk of Shutesbury, 
George Paull) . Roadtown was settled from Lancas- 
ter, in "Worcester County, about 1737. It was 
incorporated and named Shutesbury, in 1761, in 
honor of Lord Shute, a former Governor of Massa- 
chusetts. . Although of noble origin, Shutesbury 
has never been known to fame, except perhaps for 
its high hills and fiue views, its mineral springs and 
clear air, and the health and longevity of its inhab- 
itants. Asa Adams did pioneer work in clearing 
the forests upon those hills, and there are traditions 
of his trapping and killing bears. The Adamses 
have always been fond of hunting. Little is known 
of the original Asa Adams, except that he xur^ 
constable for his part of the town. He was man 
twice, the first time, Jan. 18, 1753, to Sarah Die' 
inson, of Amherst, who died March 23, 177C 
According to the Shutesbury town records, the fol- 
lowing children were born to Asa and Sarah Adams : 



I Asa Adams of Shnlesbury. JO 

* 

(1) Thomas, born Oct. 1, 1754 ; (2) Abigail, born 

Oct. 2G, 1755; (3) Surah, born May G, 1757; (4) 

Joanna, born Doc. 10, 1758, died Dec. 11, 1768; 

(5) Eunice, born Dec 26, 17G0, died Dec. 9, 1768 : 

(G) Jernsha, born July 16, 17G2, died Dec. 15, 

17G7; (7) Mary, born March 25, 1763. 

The names of Abigail, Joanna and Maiy appear 
in the Records of Baptism in the First Church at 
Amherst, where Asa Adams, Sr., probably attended 
meeting. 

Asa Adams was married, the second time, to Grace 
Ward, of Leverett, about 1774. She was quite a 
cultivated woman for her times and was very fond of 
writing verses, some of which were printed and have 
been preserved by her descendants. It is a remark- 
able fact that three Adams brothers should have 
married three sisters b}' the name of Ward. Their 
names were Betsey, Sybil and Grace, daughters of 
Deacon Isaac Ward of Leverett, who went thither 
from Petersham, and Worcester, and who was of the 
'third generation in descent from William Ward, who 
settled in Sudbury, Mass., 1039, and who was the 
■ancestor of all the Wards in the country, some of 
^^m became very famous, for example. Major Gen. 
VHemas Ward (see History of the Waid Family, 
[ '». 45 — 50). The Wards were a prolific race, a 
lozen children in one family being of no uncommon 
occurrence in their genealogy. There were 11 chil- 



40 The Adams Family. 

rtrcii in Isaac Ward's family at LeVcrctt. Another 
of the sisters, Susan, married Noah Dickinson, of 
Amherst, who was a good friend of Asa Adams, and 
who, like him, took a daughter of Dea. Ebenezer 
Dickinson for his first wife, whose daughter Mary 
married Hon. Ebenezer Mattoon. Twice, therefore, 
the two friends married sisters ; but Susan Ward 
outlived " old Noah," and a second husband besides, 
and finally married another Dickinson. There must 
have been something very attractive about the 
Wards to thus captivate the Dickinsons as well as 
the Adamses. At an}' rate the three families were 
pretty well united. Grace Ward bore her husband 
six children, and died Jan. 26, 1823, aged 75. Asa 
Adams died Feb. 15, 1826, aged 98 years. Wife 
and husband lie side by side in a little grave-yard 
above Pratt Corner. Their children were : 

1. Asa Adams, Jit., born Feb. 18, 1778, mar- 
ried, Nov. 25, 1801, Clarissa Eastman, of North 
Amherst, (born Oct. 8, 1784), and continued the 
line of Shutesbury Adamses down to Silas Ward 
and Nathaniel Dickinson Adams, whose middle 
names aro derived from the above-mentioned farai- . 
lies. Ho died Juno 26, 1833. f[]jf 

2. Isaac Ward, born in 1779, married a WebstiWu 
and removed to Vernon, N. Y. They had children^' 
Conielia, Belina, Sejinour, Silas. A son of the \ 
latter, by the name of Francis Eugene, graduated 



Asa Adams of Shutesbury. 41 

at Amherst College in 1875, and is now practising 
law in Fulion, N. Y. 

3. Grace, born 1781, married Samuel Cady. 
They removed to New York and had one daughter, 
Grace. 

.4. Joanna, baptized in the First Church at 
Amherst, June 2, 1782, married Pelatiah Kimball, 
Jr., of Windham, Ct., Nov. 19, 1794. 

5. Lucy, baptized in Amherst June 2, 1782. 

6. Silas, born 1783, married Salome Eastman, 
and settled in Worthington, west of Chesterfield 

7. Joseph, born July 8, 1791, married (1) Mary 
Davis, Feb.-lo, 1817, who died May 1, 1823, and 
was the mother of his three children ; (2) Luthera 
Bangs Wheeler, April 12, 1825, who died Nov. 30, 
1851, and (3) Rebecca Crosby Edson, Aug. 3, 
1853, who survived him and now lives in Iladley. 
Joseph Adams lived for many years in Shutesbury 
and carried on the lumber business, first with Asa 
Adams, Jr., and afterwards with the latter' s two 
oldest sons, S. W., and N. 1). Adams; but Joseph 
Adams finally removed to Had ley (Plainvillc) and 
founded the linn of Joseph Adams & Sons. Joseph 
Adams died April 16, 1865. He was a man widely 
known and greatly respected. He never withdrew 
from the Congregational church at East Amherst, 
with which the Adamses of Shutesbury have always 



42 llir. Adams Family. 

remained connected. Joseph Adams was the father 
of three sons: (1) Benjamin, born May 12, 1819, 
married April 22, 1841, Lnthera Bangs Wheeler, 
who bore him three children, Mary Davis, born 
Feb. 17, 1842, died July 29, 1843; Joseph Henry 
born Aug. 11, 1845, graduated at Amherst College, 
class of 1870; Charles Wheeler, born August 3, 
1848; (2) Levi, born Nov. 6, 1820, married Mary 
Wheeler, of Hard wick, Mass., May 30, 1843, who 
bore him six children ; Elizabeth, born April 12, 
1844, married Thomas Winn, May 1G, 1867; Mary 
born Dec. 7, 1845, married Charles Kellogg, of 
North Amherst, Dec. 23, 1868, (one son, AVillie 
Adams Kellogg, born Nov. 22, 1869) ; Sarah, born 
Feb. 13, 1848, died July 31, 1849; Emma, born 
Jan. 15, 1850, died Jan. 19, 1878; Frank, born 
Jan. 17, 1853; Willie, born Sept. 13, 1861, died 
Aug. 28, 1865 ; (3) Charles, died March 23, 1823, 
aged one j'car (see grave stone in the yard above 
Pratt Corner, Shutesbury). 

8. Bknjamin, born 1792, went to Florida and 
married there. Thence he removed to Texas. 

The names of Joanna, Asa, Isaac and Lucy 
appear in the Records of Baptism in the first Church 
at Amherst, as baptized on the same day, June\2,: 
1782. Joseph was baptized Ji 
Benjamin, April 23, 1793. 



same uaj, tUine\z,: 
kily 24, 1791, aljd] 

i 4tJk I » 



Asa Adams Jr. of Shutesbury. 43 

VI. ASA ADAMS, JR. 

For date3 of birth and marriage, sec V. (1). Asa 
Adams, Jr., built a new house by the road (the old 
house was back in the lot towards the barn), and 
became a prosperous farmer, for Shutesbury. He 
was Selectman in 1820 and Chairman of the Select- 
men from 1824 to 1827. lie died June 2G, 1833, 
aged 55, and is buried beside his father, who died 
only seven years before him. His wife survived him 
thirty-seven years. She died Aug. 20, 1870, aged 
80, and lies buried beside her husband. The only 
grave-stones in the little yard which bear inscriptions 
are those of Asa and Grace, Asa and Clarissa, and a 
few others of the name of Adams. The children of 
Asa and Clarissa Adams were as follows : 

1. Mary, born July 26, 1803, married Joseph 
Davis, and died Oct. 22, 1840. She had eleven 
children: (1) Ch a vies F., born May 3, 1826, mar- 
ried, Aug. 28, 1850, Elvira, daughter of Eraslus 
Adams, Jr., of Leverett, and now lives in Marshall, 
Mich., eight children: Herbert E., (graduated at 
the Uuiversit}' of Mich., married Etta Ilobart in 
Athens. Mich., May 15, 1878, one child, Bertha E., 
born Aug. 4, 1879 ; Herbert is now working for the 
Home Missionary Society and has organized a 
Presbyterian Church at Negaunee, Mich.) ; J. 
Elwyn, born Jan. 29, 1855 ; Cora A., born Oct. 19, 
185G : Charles S., born Sept. 8, 1858, died Aug. 5, 



44 The Ailama Family. 

1860 ; William S., boni Jan. 2, 1863 ; Edward W., 
born March 13, 1864; Eugene C, born Aug. 1, 
1868; Clam E., born Sept. 18, 1871, died July 3, 
1873 ; (2) Francis W., born Feb. 5, 1828, married, 
June 22, 1853, Emma Prentiss, in Cazenovia, N. Y., 
and lives in Marshall, Mich., two children: Mary 
E., born Sept. 16, 1854 (married, Sept. 12, 1877, 
Frank L. Henderson, Marshall, Mich., one child, 
Dora D., born April 8, 1879) ; Frank J., born Apr. 
24, 1858 ; (3) Clarissa E., b Jan. 29, 1830, married 
in Cazenovia, N. Y., James Adams, Nov. 16, 1858, 
one child, John D., b. March 9, 1860 ; (4) Lucia M., 
born Dec. 18, 1831, married, April 1, 1858, Myron 
Tower, of Hadley, who died Dec. 19, 1860 ; she 
married again, Dec. 15, 1864, Sherman \Vhite, of 
Hadley, by whom she has had one child, Harriet E., 
born Feb. 3, 1867; (5) Infant Son, born March 12, 
1833, died April 14, the same year; (6) Ward 
Adams, born Sept". 14, 1835, married (1) Licy S. 
.JoIiuhuii, in Cazonovia, N. Y., Sept. 16, 1858, who 
bore him four children ; Henry W., born July 4, 
1859; Ilattie I., born Sept. 9, 1861 ; William A., 
born March 7,1865; Seymour H., born Oct. 3, 
1867 ; she died June 18, 1872 and Ward married 
(2) Maria S. Jones, in Meridian, N.'Y., - Jan. 31, 
1877 ; (7) Dwight H., born May 16, 1837, married, 
March 11, 1858, Fannie Marvin, of Lysander, N. Y., 
who bore him three children : Mary E., born Oct. 



Ana Adams Jr. of Shutesbury. 45 

18,1859; Lucia S., born Nov. 3,1802; Charles 
l«\, born Murcli 15, 1861 ; (8) William JT., born 
Sept. 5, 1839, murricd, Murcli 5, 1807, Ksther E. 
Smith, in Lysander, N. Y., lives in Tekonsher, 
Mich., one child, George W., born Aug. 4, 1871 ; 
(9) Seymour W., born Nov. 8, 1841, served in the 
war, died Oct. 30, 1862 ; (10) J. Harlan, born 
April 24, 1844, married Emma Dean, in Tekonsher, 
Mich., Oct. 22, 1873, two children: Clara E., born 
Dec. 24, 1874; Russell H., born June 10,1878; 
(11) John E., born Oct. 6, 1846, married Lucy A. 
Boies, in Hadle}-, Mass., Sept 5, 1876, lives in Van 
Buren, N. Y., two children : Homer W., born Oct. 
24, 1877; George H., born Nov. 16. 1878. 

2. Joanna, born March 30, 1805, married Oct. 
6, 1825, Park Warner, of Granby. She had eight 
children: (1) Austin, born Aug 13, 1826, died Oct. 
19, 1844 ; (2) Sarah, born March 2, 1828, died March 
March 3, 1828 ; (3) Charles Adams, born Sept. 5, 
1829, married Kate Knight, of South Hadley, Sept. 
2, 1851, died at Chaska, Minn., Oct. 21, 1867 ; (J) 
Qeorije, born Jan. 22, 1835, lives in Springfield ; 
(5) Lucian, born Feb. 22, 1837, married Nov. 18, 
1858, and lives in St. Paul, Minn. ; (6) Mary Jane, 
born Dec. 8, 1841, married Clinton Stebbins, of 
Granby, Oct. 2, 1866, died March 13, 1868; (7) 
Ella Maria Austin, born Jan. 10, 1846, died March 
12, 1846 ; (8) Milan, born Aug. 5, 1848. 



46 The Adams Family. 

3. Clarissa, born Nov. 15, 1807, married, May 
8, 1834, to Danforth K. Bangs, of Amherst. They 
have one daughter, Louisa, born Feb. 13, 1839, 
married, May 14, 18C3, John A. Baker, who died 

Feb. 5, 1875. 

4. AcnsAii, born Sept. 24, 1809, married, Feb. 
15, 1831, to Cyras Kiug, of Amherst, by whom she 
had seven children: (1) Woodbridge Adams, born 
April 1, 1S32, married Sophia Slate, July 4, 1852, 
two children : Henry Woodbridge, born Aug. 16, 
1855, and Flora, born June 25, 1858 ; (2) Clarissa 
Lucena, born June 5, 1834, died March 2G, 1841 ; 
(3) Ebenezer Atwood, born March 1, 1839, married 
Clara Hawley, April 11, 1860, two children: I [attic, 
born July 28, 18G2 ; Frank Arthur, born April 30, 
18G9; (4) Isaac, born Sept. 12, 1841, married 
Mary Dickinson, Dec. 20, 18G4, two children : 
llomei' Cyrus, born Dec. 27, 1870, died Feb. 6, 
1876, and Mary Adclla, born Aug. 1,1878; (5) 
Edward Puy.iun, born Dec. 28, 1843, married Emily- 
etta Dickinson, Aug. 3, 18G9, two children: Carrie 
Isidore, born Aug. 26, 1871, and Edward Samuel, 
born Dec. 4, 1875; (6) Chloe Ella, born July 29, 
1846 ; (7) Clara Emma, born Oct. 23, 1850. 

5. Silas Ward, boru Sept. 26, 1811, married 
Dec. 59, 1835, Lucinda Blodgett, of Belchertown, 
who died Dec. 19, 1848. He married, Oct. 31, 1849, 



Asa Adams Jr. of Shutcshury. 47 

Matilda Church, of Bland ford. By his first wife he 
had four children : (1) Willard, born Oct. 1, 1838, 
died May 19, 1848 ; (2) Jane, born July 2G, 1840. 
married Jan. 14, 18G4, Levi Woods, of Levcrett ; 
(8) Mary Ann, born May 20, 1814, married April 
17, 1864, Joseph Howard, of Shutesbuiy, by whom 
she had three children ; he dying, she married again, 
Sept, 5, 1871, Orus Fitts,, of Leverctt, by whom 
she has had four children ; (4) Ella, born Sept. 
jJ8, 184G, married Jan. 1, 1863, John Church,.of 
|Blandford, bj; whom she had four children. She 
'died Dec. 22, 1876. Silas Ward Adams, by his 
second wife had five children: (1) Dwight Ward, 
born Nov. 19, 1851, married July 21, 1876, Emma 
Taylor; (2) Laura, born August 4, 1853, mar- 
ried Aug. 3, 1873, Rnfus Fitts, of Leverett, b}* 
whom she has had two children ; (3) Carrie, born 
Oct. 23, 1855, married Aug. 3, 1873, William E. 
Roberts, of North Amherst, b}' whom she has had 
three children; (1) Emma, born Oct. 18, 1859, died 
Oct. 23, 1864; (5) John, born Nov. 10, 1861. 

6. Nathaniel Dickinson, born Jul}' 5, 1813, 
married Dtc. 1, 1836, Harriet Hastings, of East 
Amherst, who was born there May 15, 1816, and 
who bore him three children, whose names are given 
further on. He died Sept. 7, 1856. 

7. Joseph Baxter, born March 24, 1815, died 
Nov. 23, 1879. He married April 30, 1845, Silence 



48 TIic Adams Family. 

Hull, who bore him four children : (1) Harriet, born 
June 8, 1847, married April 17, 1873, Charles L. 
Loomis, of Florence ; (2) Myron, born May 10, 
1840, married April 18, 1877, Clara Allen, and 
lives in Williamsburg, Mass. ; (3) Lizzie, born Jan. 
3, 1852, married May 15, 1876, George Adams, of 
Springfield, now living in Chicago, two children, 
Esther, born Feb. 23, 1877, Grace, born May 30, 
1879 ; (4) Marie, born June 10, 1860. 

8. Lucena, born Dec. 18, 1816, married May 6, 
1836, Alden Field, of Leverett, to whom she bore 
one child, Ralph. She died May 11, 1837. Alden 
Field married again, and Carrie Field was born of 
this marriage. 

9. Caroline, born July 24, 1818, married Jan. 
1, 1840, Ebenezer Spear, ot North Amherst, by 
whom she had four children: (1) Asa Adams, born 
Nov. 23, 1841, served as Lieutenant in the war, 
graduated at Amherst College in 1866, married 
Caroline A. Crocker, Nov. 3, 1870, and is now a 
lawyer in New York ; (2) George Porter, born May 
20, 1844, served in tho war, married Pamelia A. 
Mayo, Oct. 22, 1805, and lives in North Amherst ; 
(3) Harriet Amelia, born Jan. 10, 1846, died Feb. 
9, 1849 ; (4) Mary Joanna, born Sept. 30, 1851 ; 
(5) Sarah Louisa, born June 8, 1853, married Chas. 
"W. Conant, of Gardner, Mass., June 27, 1877. 



Asa Adams Jr. of Shntesbury 49 

10. "William, born Feb. 18, 1820, married Nov. 
6, 1841, Mary Eastman Dickinson, born Oct. 30, 
1823, daughter of Sophia (Hastings) Dickinson, 
who was a sister of Harriet Hastings, of Amherst. 
William Adams settled in North Hadley, (Russel- 
ville) , became a prosperous farmer and a deacon in 
the Congregational church. He is remarkable for 
his adherence to principle, for example, never yield- 
ing to the temptation to raise tobacco, as did nearly 
every farmer in the Connecticut Valley. He is the 
father of three children: (1) Connlla Sophia, born 
Nov. 22, 1848 ; (2) George Herbert, born Nov. 6, 
1852, died Oct. 6, 1853; (3) William Herbert, 
born March 12, 1855, and now living with his 
father. 

11. Harriet Atward Newell, born Nov. 28, 
1821, married, Oct. 28, 1852, Edmund Hobart, of 
North Amherst, by whom she had two children: (1) 
Henry Ward, born July 31, 1855, died Dec. 23, 
1858 ; (2) F)-ank Adams, born Nov. 22, 1866. 
Mr. Hobart had been married once before, and his 
son by that marriage, Moses Montague Hobart, 
boru March 26, 1846, was always accounted a cousin 
by the Adamses, lie graduated from Amherst College 
in 1872, in the same class with Herbert B. Adams, 
and is now a successful lawyer in Cleveland, Ohio. 
He was Supervisor of the U. S. Census in Cleveland 
for the year 1880. His father is a deacon in the 



50 The Adams Family. 

Church at North Amherst and one of the moat 
prosperous farmers in the whole region. A picture 
of his residence is given in the History of the Con- 
necticut Valley, Vol I, opposite page 254. lie was 
Sclectmau in 1873 and again in 1874. 

12. Asa Adams, the third of that name, born 
June 25, 1824, married Jan. 7, 1855, Carrie Bing- 
ham, who bore him three children: (1) Charles, 
Bingham, born May 28, 1857, died April 4, 1874 ; 
(2) Clara Emily, born Nov. 1, 1860, died Sept. 8, 
1865; (3) Carrie Belle, born Oct. 1, 1866. Asa 
Adams taught school in his early life, but finally set- 
tled in North Amherst, where he became a deacon 
in the church and a highly respected citizen. He 
was for several years one of the Assessors of the 
town of Amherst. 

13. Isaac, born June 25, 1826, died Nov. 6, 
1848. He was something of a scholar and taught 
school a few terms.* 

* Tko datos In tliln record of Uiu 1'umlly of A»a Admit*, Jr., 
wcro copied from the family Bible by " Undo Sam," Clarissa East- 
man's brother, who for some time was book-keeper of 3. & N. Adams. 
IIo is said to have mado some llttlo alteraUon in tuo dates of the 
original record, which he thought wrong in a few cases, and, after 
proparing his copy, to have destroyed the original, a very Improper 
thing to do. "Undo Sam's," copy has now been lost sight of, but 
an exact transcript was made by William Adams, from whom the 
compiler obtained it, in a somewhat tattered condition. AH the 
facts there recorded arc hero reproduced and very many others have 
been added thereto, so that the Adams genealogy is uot likely to 
perish from the earth. 



Nathaniel Dickinson Adam*. SI 

VII. NATHANIEL DICKINSON ADAMS. 

The name Nathaniel wa9 borne by the first New 
England ancestor of the Dickinsons, who removed, 
in 1G59, from Wethersficld, Connecticut, to Iladley, 
and by many of his descendants — all men of local 
celebrity— down to Revolutionary times. One of 
these was Nathaniel Dickinson, Esq., son of that 
Nathaniel Dickinson, whose father, Samuel, removed 
from Iladley to Shutesbury. He was a graduate, in 
1771, of Harvard College, a delegate, in 1774, from 
Amherst to the first Provincial Congress, and after- 
wards a lawyer of great repute in Western Massa- 
chusetts. It was in honor of him that the subject of 
this sketch was named. The early and intimate 
connection between the Adams famity on the one 
hand, and the Ward and Dickinson families on the 
other, has been already mentioned. Asa Adams, 
Jr., having remembered the Wards in naming his 
first son, was prepared to name his second in honor 
of "Squire Nat," as he was called. 

The brothers, Bela U., and William Z. Dickinson, 
of Amherst, were life-long friends of Nathaniel 
Dickinson Adams, and have given the compiler 
many interesting facts concerning him. They, and 
his other familiar friends, were wont to call hip 
"Dick." They speak of him as a man of genial and 
quiet ways, but of great energy and untiring indus- 
try. Indeed, the disease of which he died was 



"t2 The Adams Family. 

induced, as was gcuorally bcliovcd, by overwork. 
J lo was associated in the lumber business for many 
years, with his brother, under the firm name of S. & 
N. Adams. Ward Adams superintended the mill 
and manufacturing department, while Dickinson 
Adams attended to the out-door work and to the 
finances of the concern. In his business relations he 
was prudent and far-seeing, and in all his dealings 
scrupulously honest and exact. He was highly 
respected by all who knew him, and deeply inter- 
ested in public affairs. In 1851 he held the office of 
selectman in his native town. Though a democrat, 
he would have voted, doubtless, had he lived, for 
Fremont, in 1850. He joined, in his }Outh, the 
Second Congregational church of Amherst, in which 
he was a constant and devout worshipper, as was his 
father before him. 

His chief ambition in life was to provide a liberal ed- 
ucation for his children. He used to encourage them 
in their studies by offering rewards, but things won or 
(lone; woro nover iiltorwards praised or spoken of by 
him. He only incited them, by new rewards, to now 
endeavors. He was fond of calling upon his boys 
to recount in the evening what they had learned or 
done during the day at school, and of making them 
declaim in the presence of the family, and of friends 
who chanced to be present. Though a kind husband 
and indulgent father, he was withal strict, aud at 



Nathaniel Dickinson Adams. !>3 

times severe Ilia children always stood somewhat 
in awo of him. If punished at school, they were sure 
of being repunished :\t home. 1 1 is wife never called 
him Dick, but Dickinson, and he always called her 
Harriet. There was much of the Puritan in his 
character and composition. He stood up at famity 
prayers, and religiously kept Saturday night. He 
was reserved with strangers, but given to hospitality 
and fond of social intercourse. He was plain, 
sometimes blunt, of speech, and intolerant of deceit 
and everything narrow and low. In a word, he was 
an honest, upright, God-fear.ng man. He died at 
the age of 44, in the prime of his manhood and 
usefulness, and his pastor, the Rev. Charles L. 
Woodworth, preached a memorial sermon in the 
parish church from the text: — "What I do thou 
knowest not now, but thou shalt know hereafter." * 

The children of Nathaniel Dickinson Adams by 
Harriet Hastings his wife are as follows : 

1. Charles Dickinson, born in Shutesbuiy, 
October 11, 1839, educated at the Amherst Acad- 
01113% at Williston Seminary, Kasthainpton, Mass. T 
class of 1859, and at Amherst College, class of 
18G3. Principal of the Amherst High School, Win- 
ter term, 1862-3 ; Instructor of the Middle Classical 
Class at Williston Seraiuary, Fall term 1863 ; Grad- 

* John, xnr., 7. 



54 The Adams Family. 

uate of the Columbia College Law School, 1864 ; 
Law3 T er in the City of New York, firm of Rodman & 
Adams. 

He married, August 14, 1873 at Clinton, N. Y. t 
Mary Clark Wood, born in Utica, N. Y., March 15, 
1841. The}' have two children: (1) Oeorgiana 
Wood, born Sept. 29, 1874; (2) Mason Tyler, 
born May 18, 1877. 

2. Henuy Martyn, born in Shutesbury, May 8, 
1844, educated at Amherst Academy, Williston 
Seminary (English Department), Troy Polytechnic 
Institute, and at West Point. His "military history," 
which follows, is taken from Cullum's Register of 
Graduates, U. S. Military Academy : 

" Appointed from Massachusetts. Class rank 1. 
Cadet at the United States Military Academy from 
July 1, 18G2, to June 18, 1806, when he was 
graduated and promoted in the Army to Second 
Lieutenant Corps of Engineers, June 18, 1866 ; 
First Lieut. Corps of Engineers July 10, 1866 ; 
Served with Engineer Company at West Point, N. 
Y., Oct. 1, 1866 to Sept. 2, 1867. Served at the 
Military Academy as Assistant Professor of Engi- 
neering Aug. 31, 1867, to Aug. 28, 1869 ; as Assist- 
ant Engineer of Repairs of Forts Jackson and St. 
Philip, La., Improvement of the Mouth of the Mis- 
sissippi, and of Galveston Harbor and Bar, Texas, 
and Surveys for River and Harbor works in Missis- 



Nathaniel Dickinson Adams. 55 

sippi, Louisiana and Texas, Sept. 1, 1869 to June 1, 
1874 ; on Survey of the Northern Lakes and the 
Mississippi River (Captain, Corps of Engineers, 
Sept. 2, 1874) June 6, 1874, to Dee. 31, 1878 (in 
charge May 10, 1877 to June 25, 1878) ; since Jan. 
2, 1879, in charge of the Fourth and Fifth divisions 
in the Office of the Chief of Engineers. " 

He married, Oct. 28, 1875, at Detroit, Mich., 
Fanny Louisa Maguire, born July 17, 1850, in 
Nashville, Tenn. They now live in Washington, 
D. C, and have two childreu : (1) Herbert, born in 
Detroit, Mich., Aug. 13, 187G ; (2) Edward 
Maguire, born in Detroit, Mich., Oct. 22, 1877. 

3. Herbert Baxter, born in Shutesbury, April 
i^« 1850, educated in the Public Schools of Amherst 
at Phillips Academy, Exeter, N. H., class of 1868, 
and at Amherst College, class of 1872. Instructor of 
the Middle Classical Class at "Willistou Seminary, 
Easthainpton, Mass., 1872-3 ; Student of Ilistoiy 
and Political Science at Lausanne, Heidelberg, and 
Berlin, 1873-76 ; Ph. D., Heidelberg, 1876 ; Fellow 
in History at the Johns Hopkins University, Balti- 
more, 1876-78 ; Associate Professor in History, 
1878-80 ; Lecturer on History at Smith College, 
Northampton, Mass., 1878-80. 



PART II. 

THE THOMAS HASTINGS FAMILY, OF AMHERST. 



TIIK history of tho Hastings family has been defi- 
nitely traced through all its American branches 
and back through English stock to its parent Danish 
stem. Freeman, tho English historian, says there 
are only five families in England that can really 
trace their lineage back of the time of Edward III. 
(1327-1377), and the Hastings family is one of 
these. Many English people fancy they can trace 
their descent from tho Normans, but Hastings is a 
name older than the Norman Conquest (1066), for 
the castle and seaport of Hastings were held by that 



Their Enylish Ancestry. 57 

family wlien William the Conqueror landed in Eng- 
land. The region of the battle of Hastings was in 
the possession of the famihy before the Normans 
had settled in Gaul (911), for, as early as the time 
of Alfred (871-901), we hear of a Danish pirate by 
the name of Hasting who made himself formidable 
to the Saxons by occupying with his followers a 
portion of Sussex.. 

The first of the family who was elevated to the 
peerage was Henry, Lord Hastings, son of William 
de Hastings, Steward of Henry II., (1154-1189). 
The Hastings coat of arms, containing a maunch 
(sleeve) shows that the office of steward was hered- 
itary in the family. The Hastings became allied to 
the royal families of England and Scotland, and 
were allowed to wear the arms of those countries 
and also of Frauce, as one of the heirs of Plantag- 
enet by marriage with the Princess Ida. George, 
the third Lord Hastings, was created Earl of Hunt- 
ingdon in 1529, and married the daughter of David, 
King of Scotland. The famity of Hastings has en- 
joyed nineteen peerages, but only two or three now 
exist, and for these scarcely an heir survives. The 
estates of the late Marquis of Hastings reverted to 
the crown, for his line was -wholly extinct. The 
family is Roman Catholic and bears an implacable 
animosity towards Queen Victoria, on account of 
some alleged ill-treatment. 



5S The ITaatinffs Family. 

Tho American descendants of the Hastings family 
are so very numerous that the possessions of their 
English cousins, wealthy though they are, would not 
make any of us rich , if once distributed. But English 
real estate can never pass into the hands of aliens, 
so there is little to expect. The connection between 
the English and American families is this: Sir 
Henry and George Hastings, grandsons of the first 
Earl of Huntingdon, had sons who became Puritans 
and fled to New England. " As early as 1634, we 
find Thomas Hastings and wife had arrived on this 
shore; and in 1G38, John and family had followed. 
That they were brothers was a tradition of the 
family ; but it has not been clearly showu, and it is 
more probable that they were cousins, Thomas 
being descended from a younger brother of [Sir 
Henry] the Earl of Huntingdon. 

"The Hastings coat of arms was as follows: — 
Ermine on a Chief Azure (blue), two mallets Or 
(gold). — Crest, one star Or (gold), — known by the 
name of Hastings. The motto of the Lords Hast- 
ings was: In veritate victoria, (In truth there is 
victory)." 

The above and many of the following facts were 
taken from a book called "The Hastings Memorial-^- 
A Genealogical Account of the Descendants of 
Thomas Hastings of Watertown, Mass., from 1634. 
to. 1864," a work which was compiled a few years 



Tliomas Hastings of Wntcvtoxon. 59 

ago by Lydia Nelson (Hastings) Ruckmin9ter, of 
Framingham, and published in 18GG, by Samuel G. 
Drake of Boston. Copies of this valuable work 
which shows the connection between the Hastings 
of this country with their English Ancestry are now 
generally distributed among American branches of 
the family. There is also an account in Judd's 
"History of Hadlcy" of the Hastings who have lived 
in Western Massachusetts. It is not my purpose to 
reprint either of these accounts in full, but simply to 
collect the scattered facts concerning the immediate 
ancestors of Lieut. Thomas Hastings of Amherst, 
the fourth of that name in direct descent from the 
Thomas Hastings above mentioned, who came to 
this country from England. I have revised and 
supplemented existing accounts by personal inquiries 
and by consultation of the family records. 

I. DEA. THOMAS HASTINGS, of Watertown. 

Embarked at the age of 29 with his wife Susanna, 
aged 34, from Ipswich, England, April 10, 1634, in 
the " Elizabeth," William Andrews, master, for New 
England, and settled in Watertown, Mass., where 
he was admitted freeman, May 6, 1635. He "laid 
down" a lot in Dedham, but never lived tjiere. He 
was Selectman of Watertown from 1638, to 1643, 
and again from 1650 to 1671 ; town clerk, 1671, '77, 
"80 ; representative, 1673 ; and he long held the office 



GO The Jlaatinga Family. 

of deacon. His wife Susanna, died childless, Feb. 
2, 1G50, and he married (2), April, 1G51, Margaret 
Cheney, of Roxbury, who bore her husband eight 
children. He died in 1G85, aged eighty years. 
According to an inventory, dated Sept. 9, 1G85, hla 
real estate amounted to £121. He owned two farms 
and as many as fifteen other lots. He was grantee 
for seven lots, the remainder he purchased. The 
west side of School Street, then called Hill Street, 
was always his residence. The homestead passed to 
his son Samuel. To his oldest son Thomas, who 
received a professional education, he gave only £5, 
in his will, saying: "I have been at great expense 
to biing him up a scholar, and I have given him 
above three score pounds to begin the world with." 

II. DR. THOMAS HASTINGS, of Hatfield. 

Born in Watertowu, 1652, and removed to Hat- 
field, Mass., where he was admitted freeman, Feb. 
8, 1678. He was the only physician for Northamp- 
ton, Hadley, Hatfield, Doerfield, and the whole 
country around, lie was also the first school teacher 
Hatfield ever had. According to Temple's "History 
of Whately," page 20, "It was not uncommon to 
unite the professions of physician and teacher in the 
same person, and, as the grandmothers were mainly 
relied upon for prescriptions and poultices, he [Dr. 
Hastings] seems to have found sufficient time for 



Thomas Hastings of Hatfield. Gl 

the discharge of duty in the double capacity." It is 
a remarkable fact, in regard to this school taught by 
Dr. Hastings, that girls were admitted from the out- 
set and pursued the same studies as the boys, remark- 
able because such liberality was unknown elsewhere in 
New England until after the Revolution. In Boston 
girls were not admitted to the public schools until 
1789 (see Boston School Report, 1866, page 28) ; in 
Northampton, not until 1802 (see Judd's History of 
Hadley, page 65). In view of these facts, there 
seems to be a certain historic fitness that a Hatfield 
woman should found the first woman's college in 
New England, (Smith College, at Northampton). 
Dr. Hastings' son Thomas also taught School in 
Hatfield. The Doctor had nine children, six by his 
first wife, Anna Hawks, of Hadley, who died Oct. 
25, 1705, and three by his second wife, Mary Burt, 
of Northampton. He died April 13, 1734. 

III. DR. THOMAS HASTINGS, JR., of Hat- 
field. 

Born Sept. 24, 1679, married, March 6, 1701, 
Mary Field, of Hadley, by whom he had twelve 
children. His two oldest sons bore each the name 
of Thomas, but both died. A third son was called 
Waitstill and became a physician like his father, and 
handed down the family title to his grandson, Dr. 
John Hastings. There is a tradition that the town 



G2 The Ilastlnga Family. 

of Hatfield, from its first settlement, was never 
without a Dr. Hastings. Dr. Thomas Hastings, Jr., 
was much sought after for his professional services. 
Indeed, he was often called upon to attend patients 
in Boston. On one of these visits to Boston, he 
was suddenly taken ill, nnd, as tradition says, thought 
ho was the victim of slow poison. He lived to reach 
home, told his wife of his impression, and that he 
should soon die ; as he did, April 14, 1728, in his 
49th year. 

IV. LIEUT. THOMAS HASTINGS, of Amherst. 

Like Thomas Adams he was the fourth in descent 
from the first settler bearing his name. He was the 
3'oungest son of Dr. Thomas Hastings, Jr., and the 
third of that name in a single family. He was born 
Jan. 28, 1721, married in 1742, Mary Belden, of 
Hatfield. They removed to Amherst about 1753. 
He was a farmer and a lieutenant in the militia. He 
lived on the South Road, near the place of the late 
Frederick Williams, and died Jan. 22, 1787, aged 
GG. His widow died July 81, 1801, aged 79. They 
had thirteen children. 

V. THOMAS HASTINGS, of Amherst. 

lie was the oldest son of Lieut. Hastings ; born 
May 20, 174G ; married 17G9, Hannah Billings;born 
Feb. 20, 1749, daughter of Deacon John Billings, of 



Thomas Hastings of Amherst. 03 

Amherst. They lived on the old place. He died 
Jan. 22, 1827, aged 81; she died Oct. 5, 1823- 
They had eleven children: (1) Salome, born July 
22, 1770, married Asa Dickinson, of Amherst, a 
fanner. She died Sept. 6, 184G ; (2) Jerusha, born 
Aug. 8, 1772, married Luke Rich, of Amherst, a 
farmer. She died April 8, 1842, in the 70th year of 
her age; (3) Hannah, born Nov. 10, 1774, died 
Sept. 15,1777; (4) Submit, born May 13, 1777, 
married Clark Green, of Amherst, father of Moses 
B. Green, who graduated from Amherst College. 
She lived to be about 90 years old ; (5) Hannah, 
born Jan. 15, 1780, married Martin Kellogg, father 
of Stillman Kellogg, of Hadley. She died May 4, 
1871, aged 91 ; (G) Thomas, (see below, VI) ; (7) 
Eli, born June 1, 1784, married Sarah Paine, of 
Amherst. He was a farmer, and removed to Char- 
don, Ohio, where he died March 20, 1835. He had 
three children : George, Nancy, and Edwin ; (8) 
Judith, born Oct. 1 1780, married George Nutting, 
and now lives alternately with her daughters, Mrs. 
George Whipple and Mrs. Baxter Bridgman, at the 
advanced age of 94, and with her faculties in a re- 
markable state of preservation ; (9) Mary, born 
Oct. 27, 1788, married Samuel Smith, of Amherst. 
They removed West; (10) Lucius, born Oct. 13, 
1791, married, March, 1810, Olive Smith, of 
Amherst, and died Sept. 25, 1823. He left six 



G4 TJic Hastings Family. 

children; (11) David, born April 15, 1795, died 
Aug. 17, 179G. 

VI. THOMAS HASTINGS, of Amherst. 

Oldest son of Thomas Hastings and Hannah Bil- 
lings (V). He was born Feb. 6, 1782, and married, 
Nov. 1, 1803, Eunice Clark, born March 26, 1785, 
sister of Capt. Clark, of Mill Valley. They had 
thirteen children, and lived on the place now occu- 
pied by Edmund Hastings. " Uncle Tom," as he 
was called, was a farmer, but a man of considerable 
genius and fond of writing verses. He died Oct. 11, 
1858, aged 7G. His widow died Aug. 11, 1873, 
aged 88. Their children and grandchildren are as 
follows : 

1. Sophia., born Feb., 1, 1805, married (1) Asa 
Dickinson, May 12, 1822, by whom she had one 
daughter, Mary, who married William Adams (see 
Adams Family, VI, 10), and (2) Erastus Smith. 
She died July 13, 1852. 

2. Mart, born Sept. 28, 1807, died October 

8, 1808. 

3. Maky, born Feb. 17, 1809, died Feb. 1G, 1811. 

4. Lucy, born March 3, 1811, died June 15, 

1812. 

5. Thomas, born Oct. 12, 1812, removed to 
Maryland, married, Feb. 2, 1837, Corrilla Shipley, 
of Ellicott's Mills, and died Sept. 10, 1837, aged 25. 



Thomas Hastings of Amherst. 65 

6. Jame9, bom Oct. 1G, 1813, married, April 7, 
1841, Clarissa Pease, of Amherst. No children 
living. 

7. Henry, born Nov. 11, 1814, died Sept. 28, 
1815. 

8. Harriet, born May 15, 1816, married, Dec. 
1, 1836, Nathaniel Dickinson Adams, of Shutes- 
bury, by whom she had three children (see Adams 
Family, VI, 6). After the death of her husband, 
she removed (1857) to East Amherst, where she 
now lives. 

9. Henry, born May 1, 1818, married (1) Sa- 
rah Pomeroy, June 2. 1840, who bore him three 
children. She died Sept. 21, 1849. He married 
(2) Mrs. Esther (Billings) Dickinson, June 10, 
1851, who bore him three children. He now lives 
in Fond du Lac, Wisconsin. His children are as 
follows: (1) Harriet E. n born May 8, 1841, mar- 
ried George A. Badger, Dec, 1859 ; (2) Emily P., 
born June 11, 1845, died December 15, 1845; (3) 
Thomas IT., born Dec. 11, 1840, ninrrind (1) Ellon 
Jane Dickinson, of Providence, R. I., Dec. 14, 1870, 
who bore him two children, (1) Bertha Cora, born 
Oct. 31, 1872, (2) Ilattie Belle, born Nov. 25, 
1874, died Dec. 13, 1875. His first wife died July 
6, 1875. Thomas Hastings married (2) Lucia 
Smith, of North Amherst, May 10, 1876; (4) Cora 



GO The Ilantlngt Family. ' 

Billings, born Sept. 18, 1852, married Charles Irv- 
ing Plumb, of Fond du Lao, March 22, 1871 ; (5) 
George F., born Jan. 1, 1857; married, Dec. 24, 
1879, Emma Matthews, of Fond du Lac; (6) 
Charles L., born Oct. 30, 1858. 

10. William, born April 18, 1820, married (1) 
Roxanna Goodman, of South Hadley, May 10, 1843. 
She died April 27, 1853. He married (2) Mrs. 
Kate (Cro9se'tt) Wheeler, of Prescott, Oct. 1, 1854, 
who bore him four children: (1) Alice Madora, 
born June 10, 1855, died September 23, 1856 ; (2) 
Ella Maria, born Oct. 13, 1857, died Feb. 18, 
1858 ; (3) Jennie Crossett, born Oct. 22, 1361 ; (4) 
William Clark, born June 23, 1865. 

11. Edmund, born March 4, 1822, married Mi- 
nerva Lee, of Conway, May 23, 1849, who bore.him 
five children: (1) Emma Adelia, born Oct. 25, 
1851, married William A. Webster, Sept. 1, 1875, 
by whom she had one child, Walter. She died Oct. 
16, 1878; (2) Mary Luella, born Feb. 23, 1856; 
(3) Esther Munsell, born April 25, I860 ; (4) Abbie 
Maria, born Dec. 2, 1864 ; (5) Walter Lee, born 
May J5, 1868, died May 26, 1872. 

12. Lucy, born Nov. 27, 1823, married David 
H. Fiske, of Ludlow, died May 20, 1847, in the 
twenty-fourth year of her age. No children living. 

13. Philomela, born Jan. 10, 1828, married 
Charles C. Moore, of California, Sept. 26, L873.