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-'"■'y"""'Z''T"J:- i HOLL,S 



After on D 



HISTORY 



TOWN OF AMHERST 

HILLSBOROUGH COUNTY, NEW HAMPSHIRE, 

(First known as Narraganset Township Numlier Three, 
and suiisecjuently as Souhegan West) 

FROM rilK GRANT OF THE TOWNSHIP IIY THE 

GREAT AND GI^NERAL COURT OF THE ITIOVIXCE 
OF MASSACHUSETTS BAY, 

In June, 1728, to March, 1882. 



GENEALOGIES OF AMHERST FAMILIES, 

Biographical Sketches of Natives and Citizens of 

THE Town, and a Sketch of the Nauuaganset 

Fort Fight, 19 December, 1675. 



lllitstraie'd with a Map of the Town and Engravings. 



By DANIEL F. SECOMB. 




1-, 




CONCORD, N. H. : 

PRINTED BY EVANS, SLEEPER & WOODBURY. 

1883. ... . .... . 



n 



\ 



Entered according to Act of Congress, in the year 1883, by 

DANIEL F. SECOMB, 
In the office of the Librarian of Congress at Washington. 



j^^'S^ 



; 



TO 

TIIK 1NIIAIUTANT8 OF AMIIKKST, 

AND 

ITS KOUMKU SI'X'OND ANI» THIRD I'AUISHKS, NOW PAUTS OF 

TIIK TOWNS Ol' MONT VKHNON AND MILFOKD. 

AND TO THE 

KMIGUANTS FROM THK TOWN, 

AND rilKIR DKSrKNDANTS, WHERFVFR SCATTERED, 

THIS HISTORY IS RESl'KCT FULLY INSCRIRKD, 

ItY THKIR FRIEND, 

TIIK AUTHOR. 



V\i i: FA CI 



Till llisTouY OF A.>iiir.i{ST is now unVicd t<» it.s patrons. Its pn-jv 
ai:iti(in lius involvcil tin; expcniliturc of coiisidcralilf time and 
|>atien(-t', ImiI, like many similar pulilications, il is incomplcd-. 'I'lic 
propor pn'paiatit)n ol a towu liistorv is tlir woik ol a lit'i'-tinif, not of 
lliiec or fonr years. 

.Vfter all, we can know Imt very little of the personal history of 
many of the early settlers in the township. Their lives were spent in 
the midst of dangers an<l i)rivations of whieh we know hut little. 
Honest, true-hearted men and women, each lalxired faithfully in his 
or her allotted place, and luiildinj; Ix^ter than Ihey knew, they assisteil 
in layini; (irndy ami securely the foundations of our j^reat repuMic. 
'i"he st(jrms of a century have leveled even the little hillocks that 
once marked their restinj^-places in th(! ancient " huryi'ig-Jiround," .so 
that no one to-day knows of their |treci.s(i locality. All honor to the 
memories of these lirave hut W(dl-nit,di fori^otten pioneers. 

The map of the town was tlravvn and presented hy Warren Ipiiam, 
C. K., a native of Andierst; the wood-cuts of dwellinj^s were fur- 
nished Ky their owneis; these of the pid>lic lniildin;,'s, and the por- 
trait of Horace (ireelev, l>y Dr. IMward .SpaldiuLj; and the other 
portraits of imlividuals, l>y the parties represented, or their friends. 

The expenses of the compilation and piililicatiou of the wovk have 
been defrayed hy Dr. Kdward Spaldini;, who has ai<led the work in 
every way possihie, assisti'd hy contrihutions from Mr>. Lucy (Ken- 
dall) Spaldinn, William (J. Means, Ksi|.. .Mr. and .Mr>. K. 15. IJi-elow, 
Dea. Sewall (J. Mack and William .\. Mack, K.s(|., mul also hy an 
appropriation of •'§.">0(l iiy the town, to Ite paid upon the comjiletion 
of the Work. 

To the many other friends who have aideij him in his lalMUVs. the 
author desires to express his gratitude, with the ho|H- that their rea- 
souahle e.xpectation3 will not bo disappointed. Thanks, friend.s, one 
and all. 

Co.\roiu>, N. II., i;] August, 1ns:{. 



CONTENTS. 



CHAPTER I. 

Origin of the Town. — The Narraganset War. — The Fight at the Nar- 
raganset Fort, 19 December, 1075. Pages 1-8. 

CHAPTER II. 

Grants of Townships to the Narraganset Soldiers, lG85-17o3. Pages 

9-iy. 

CHAPTER HI. 

Proceedings of the Grantees of the Narraganset Township, 1733. Pages 
20-25. 

CHAPTER IV. 

Proceedings of tlie Proprietors of Souhegan West. — Incorporation of 
tlie Town of Amherst, 1734-17()2. Pages 2U-5t). 

CHAPTER V. 

Ten-itorial Clianges. — Incorporation of the Second, or North-west, 
Parisli. — Proceedings of the North-west Parisli. — Incorporation of 
the Town of Mont Vernon. — Incorporation of the Tliird, or South- 
west, Parisli. — Proceedings of the South-west Parish. — Incorpora- 
tion of the Town of Milford, 1750-1«U3. Pages 57-91. 

CHAPTER VI. 

Description of the Town, and its Productions. — The Indians. — Joe 
English. Pages 92-99. 

CHAPTER YIL 

Proceedings of the Town, and Current Events, 17G2-18U0. Pages 100- 
118. 

CHAPTER VIII. 

Proceedings of the Town, and Current Events, 1800-184:0. Pages 119- 
149. 

CHAPTER IX. 
Proceedings of the Town, and Current Events, 1840-1882. Pages 150- 
183. 

CHAPTER X. 
Statistics of Population. — Longevity. — Agricultural Productions, etc. 
Pages 184-233. 

CHAPTER XL 
The First and Second Meetinii-houses. Pases 234-249. 



CONTENTS. VI 1 

CHAPTER xn. 

The Town Ministrs, 1711-ls;}:). Pat^es 2'}0-2SH. 

CIIAl'TKU X.III. 
Churclios. — Religious Societies and Church Music. Pages 'J89-3I7. 

CHAPTER XTV. 
.Sehool History. Pages 318-:i:5:5. 

( llAPTKi: XV. 
Conrt-lionses and Courts in .Vniherst, 1771-1S7!!. I'ages ;J34-35;i. 

CHAPTER XVI. 
Militarv History.— Erencli and Indian Wars. 171.V17(;:5. Pai^rs :;.")l -IJOl. 

CHAPTER XVII. 
The War for Independence, 170S-177<). Pages 3(5l'-382. 

CHAl'TER XVHI. 
The War ior Independence, 1777-177S. Page< :ls:{ :?!):i. 

CHAPTER XIX. 

The War lor Independence, 1780-1785. Pages 394-408. 

CHAPTER XX. 
Frontier War, 17!»4. — Anticipated War wilii France, 17I»s. -War witii 
Great Britain, 18r2-15. I'ages 409-4l;J. 

CHAPTEi: XXI. 
The Civil War, Isiil-lsc.l. pages 414-421. 
CHAPTER XXII. 
The Militia.— Militia Companies and Ollieers. Pages JlT) 1;!-J. 

CIIAPTKi; XXIII. 
Miscellaneous Records of Town Atfairs. — Uusiness Associations, etc. 

Pages 433-47G. 

CHAPTER XXIV. 
Family Registers and Histories. — List of Marriages not included in 
the Family Registers. Pages 477-854. 

CHAPTER XXV. 
Biographical Sketche.s of Prominent Men who have been Residents of 
Amherst. Pages 855-927. 

CHAPTER XXVI. 
Additions and Corrections. Pages 9*28-930. 



Index of Names. Pages 937-978. 



LIST AND PLACES OF ENGRAVINGS. 



Map of the Town to face title-page. 

Portrait of Dr. Edward Spalding facing preface. 

Second Meeting-house p. 241. 

Portrait of Rev. Nathan Lord facing p. 279. 

Portrait of Rev. Silas Aiken " p. 298. 

Town House .p. ;342. 

Soldiers' Monument p. 421. 

Residence of Charles Richardson, Esq p. 452. 

Portrait of Hon. Charles H. Atherton facing p. 480. 

Portraits of Isaac Brooks, Esq., and wife . . between pp. 518 and 519. 

Portrait of Capt. Daniel Campbell, jr facing p. 527. 

Residence of Dea. Barnabas B. David p. .559. 

Residence of Harrison Eaton, Esq p. 57(). 

Birthplace of Horace Greeley p. 008. 

Portrait of Dea. Sewall G. Mack facing p. G81. 

Residence of Col. Robert Means p. (i8!). 

Portrait of William G. Means, Esq facing p. (J!)(). 

Portrait of Mrs. Sally (Noyes) Sweatt p. 7()P. 

Portrait of Dr. Matthias Spalding facing p. 770. 

Residence of Dr. Matthias Spalding p. 777. 

Portrait of Charles L. Stewart, Esq facing p. 783. 

Residence of Isaac Brooks, Esq " p. 808. 

Portrait of Hon. Charles H. Campbell " p. 873. 

Portrait of Horace Greeley , " p. 887. 

Portrait of Hon. Isaac Sjmlding " p. 919. 



/ • 



HISTORY OF AMllKUST. 



CHAPTER I. 

ORir.iN OF thf: town. — i'R()(;i{i:ss of sfttlfcmknts in tmk 

MASSACHUSETTS COLONY. (IRANTS OF FARMS ON TUK SOU- 

HEGAN. DEATH OF MASSASOIT. CIIAR(;ES AGAINST ALEX- 
ANDER. HIS ARREST AND DEATH. INTRKU'ES OF PHILIP. — 

MFRDER OF SAl'SAMON AND EXKCriloN OF HIS MIRDERERS. 

COMMENCEMENT OF KIN(; PHILIP's WAR. A TREATY 

FORCED UPON THE NARR A(; ANSETS. THE TREATY REPU- 
DIATED RY THF CHIEFS. — EXI'FDITION 0R(;ANI/,FI) ACAINST 

THE NARRAGANSETS. MARCH OF THE EXPEDITION. — FIGHT 

AT THE NARRAGANSET FORT. SUFFER1N(;S OF THF COM- 
BATANTS. DEATH OF PHILIP, AND CLOSE OF THE WAR. — 

L0SSP:S of the COLONISTS. 

Tlio town of Amherst had its ori«!iii in a LTaiit (if hiiul 
made hv the (Icncral ('miit of Massachusetts to some of 
the oitizi'iis of that rrovinee for services in the Xarra^an- 
set War in 167o-7t). 

With the pxeoption of a few slijrlit outlireaks. the poaco 
between the New England roh)nies an<l tlieir Indian neiffh- 
hors remainecl nnl)rol<en from the (dose nf the Pe(inr»t War, 
in Itl.'iT. until the eommi'ucemeut of the war ot ItiTo. 

In this interval the inteiinr of the eountrv was explored, 
and si'ttliMnents made at a eonsideralde distaiwe from the 
coast. In 1(359 a township, eight miles square, at Pcna- 



2 HISTORY OF AMHERST. [Chap. 

cook, now Concord, N. H., was o-ranfed, conditionally, by 
the Conrt to sundry inlial)itants of Dover and Newbury. 

In 1660 several farms, bordering on the Souheo-an river, 
were granted, and surveyed by Jonathan Danforth, a noted 
surveyor in those days. 

The most westerly of these, containing 1000 acres, was 
granted to the town of Cliarlestown for the support of 
schools. Its northwestern corner was at the foot of a 
great hill, since known as Dram-cup hill, whence it ex- 
tended down the river about two miles, the river forming 
its northern boundary. The northwestern corner of this 
farm was also the northwestern corner of the town of 
Dunstable, as chartered by the authorities - of Massachu- 
setts, 16 October, 1673, and the town of Monson, to which 
a charter was granted by Gov. Wentworth, of New Ham]> 
shire, 1 April, 1746. Adjoining this farm, on the east, was 
another, of 500 acres, granted at the same time to Mrs. Anna 
Lane, which extended, /tfrom the easterly boundary of the 
school farm, 280 rods down the river. 200 acres of this 
farm were on the north side, and 300 acres on the south 
side of the river. 

Next, to the east of Mrs. Lane's farm and adjoining it, 
another farm, of 500 hundred acres, was granted to Caj)t. 
William Davis, of Boston, and Capt. Isaac Johnson, of 
Roxbury. This farm, also, extended across the river about 
half a mile on each side, and down the river 240 rods from 
the eastern boundary of Mrs. Lane's farm. Both of the 
last named farms were at a place called by the Indians 
" Quohquinapassakessanahnoy." 

Next, and lastly, was a farm of 700 acres, granted to 
John Wilson, of Boston. This extended down the river, 
from the Davis and Johnson farm, 364 rods ; 400 acres of it 
lay on the north side, and 300 acres on the south side of 
the river. 

A few years prior to this time, Massasoit, chief of the 
Wampanoags, whose territory adjoined that of the Ply- 



1.] HISTOHV OK AMIlEltST. 3 

iiiiiiitli Colony, died. His s(»ii Alcximdcr succeeded liiin, 
iiiid in .1 sleiit time \\;is cliiiri2-ed l»v the Colonists wifli 
eni|e;i\iirin'^- In eiiti-au'e the Xiirriiu-iinsets. — 'it tliiit time the 
most powei'lnl of the New Mnnhind ti'ilies. — in :i \v;ir 
iitrjiinst them. 

< Ml this eh;irL;-e lie wiis iirrested. liy ;in ;irme(l t'orce sent 
for the |inr|iose. :ind t;d<en ti> IMsnumth. Shortly at'ter- 
ward he si(d<i'n(M| and died, and his death was attrilniled 
l)y some (it the Indians to the ertccts of jioisoii adminis- 
tered hy the l\n<jlish. 

His lii'other I'liilip. or ^I,etaconi, succeeded him, and soon 
enuau'ed in plots with the neiuhhorinir trilies to carry out 
the |ilans fornie(l hy his |tredecessor. A slight onthreak 
oecni'red in Iti" 1 . whieh was S')')U (pielleil. and he |»romisod 
never aiiain to lie-in war au'ainst the Kimlish until he had 
made his p-i-ouuds of complaint known to them. 

lie nevertheh'ss eontiniKMl his intriii:ues. and excn en- 
deavored to enlist the powerful •' Five Xatious," of Xew 
York, in his cause : Imt a niiscarriaii'c of one of his |)lans 

con\erted them ililo his hittel-est enemies. 

In 1<)74, .John Sausanion, an eilm-atecl Indian, who was 
employed hy the Knu'lish as a missionaiy anioni:' his hreth- 
ren. inforiued the (Jovernorof IM\ninutli ('olon\ oi I'hilip's 
jilots aii-iiinst the settlers. Soon after this Sausanion was 
nuirdere(l. Three Indians, charirod with the nnii-der, wei-e 
arreste(l, tried, eondeuined. and executed hy the Enirlisli. 

Enraiied at this, and h-ai-iuu' f<n- his own safety, Thilip 
sent his women ami children to a placi' of safety, armed 
his warriors, and I'ohix-d several houses of the settlei-s in 
the vicinity i»f his own dwellin-j'. 

Bands of Indians roameil over the country, insultin>r the 
settlers, and destroyim:- th<'ii' propei-ty. At last, one <tf tlic 
iMmlish, ^joaded j)ast endurance, dischariicd his musket at 
one of Ids tormentors, inllictinir a mortal wound. The 
.savaires then fell upon all the whites within tlcir n-ach. 
killing them and destroying their property. 



4 HISTOEY OF AMHERST. [Chap. 

An armed force was at once raised by the Colonies and 
dispatched into Philip's territory, wliich he abandoned. 
Thence the army marched into tlie territory of tlie Narra- 
gansets, and dictated a treaty to them, by which they 
agreed to remain at peace, and ii]ion requisition deliver to 
the English any of Pliilip's Indians that might come among 
them. 

The treaty thus forced u])on tliem the Narraganset chiefs 
repudiated when tlie force was withdrawn : " Not a Wam- 
panoag, or the paring of a Wampanoag's nail shall be given 
up," was the indignant reply of the principal chief when 
called u])on to deliver up some of Pliilip's Indians. 

The commissioners of the Colonies of Massachusetts, 
Connecticut, and Plymouth, met at Boston, 2 November, 
1675. After noticing the refusal of the Narragansets to 
abide by the treaty they had made, it was voted, " that in 
addition to tlie forces already raised for the prosecution of 
the war, there should be one thousand men raised and 
furnished with arms and provisions of every sort, to be 
ready at one hour's warning for the pulilic service, and that 
each Colony should furnish its j)ropei- proportion of the 
same." 

It was also agreed that a Commander-in-chief should be 
a])])(Huted over the said forces, and that they should march 
'into the Narragansets' country, and in case the chiefs were 
not disposed to perform the conditions of the treaty they 
had entered into, make reparation for all damages already 
sustained by its non-fulfillment, and give security for their 
future fidelity, they were to endeavor to compel them 
thereto by the best means they could, or to ])roceed against 
them as enemies. 

At a meeting held 12 November, 1675, Josiah Wiaslow, 
Esq., Governor of Plymouth Colony, was a])i)ointed Com- 
mander-in-chief, and it was recommended to the General 
Courts of the several Colonies that effectual care be taken 
that the soldiers sent on the expedition be men of courage, 



I.J HISTORY OF AMIIKRST. 5 

strength, and afti\ity ; tlirir arms well fixed :iiid lit I'oi- 
service; their clothing strong and warm, lit tor tlic srason ; 
that tliey liave ])rovisiuns in their knapsacks lor a week's 
march from their reiule/.vons, and an additional supply 
in a magazine apjiointed lor a more general service. It 
was also ordered that a meet nundter of aide nunisters 
and chirurgeons he pro\ ided to accompany the e.\pc(liti(jn ; 
and, finally, that the second day ot Decemher h)ll()\viiig 
should l)e set apart and kept as a sttlemn da\ of lasting and 
luauiliation to sujtplicate the Lord's pardoning mercy and 
compassion toward ins j)oor j)eoplc, and tor success in their 
cndeaNors to ivpel the rage of the enemy. 

At a meeting held I'.i November, 107;"), provision was 
made for a supply oi' food and amnmnition sullicient 
for two months' service, the same to be sent to the place of 
rende/.\(ins of the army ; and it was agreed that each Col- 
ony sluudd pro\ ide for its own soldiers, s])ecial care being 
had to the extrendty of the winter weather so that none 
nnght perish for the want (»f warm clothing and such other 
comforts as might be necessary. 

The soldiers from I'lymouth Colony were assured, by 
their Governor and Council, that '" those that go forth shall 
in all respects be comfortably })rovided for," according to the 
season and service, and that the lands and other profits of 
the war that had been obtaine(l, or by the lilcssing of (Jod 
should be gained, should be kejit as security for their pay, 
and should not be sold or disposed of i»ut to answer that 
end; that theii- (Joveniorwas designe(| to jiave the conduct 
of all the imiteil forces; that I he worshipful ('apt. Ibadtoi'd 
and Capt. John (ireenwere to be their particular comnuind- 
ers ; and that all who should cheerfully volunteer their 
services should be looked upon " witii singular respect." 

Places of rendezvous were appointed for tlu' soldiers of 
the different Colonies, where they were to l»e in readiness 
to obey the orders of the Commander-in-chief un or before 
the tenth day of Dccoiibcr following. 



6 HISTORY OP AMHERST. [Chap. 

Ill the meantime the Narragaiisets were not idle. Col- 
lecting their women and children together, with provisions 
for the winter, they repaired to a somewhat elevated piece 
of groniid, of some five or six acres in extent, surronnded 
by a swamp, lying Avithin the limits of the present town 
of South Kingston, R. 1., wliicli they fortified fur their ])ro- 
tection. 

The men called for by the commissioners were furnished 
promptly by the authorities of the different Colonies. The 
Massachusetts companies were mustered on Dedham Plain, 
on the ninth day of December. Before setting out on their 
marcli, they were promised a reward in Icmd for their 
services, in addition to their pay, provided " they played the 
man, and drove the Narragansets out of the forty 

On the morning of the tenth day of December, the seven 
Massachusetts companies, under the command of Major 
Samuel Appleton, of Ipswich, took up their inarch, and 
reached the appointed rendezvous on the evening of the 
twelfth, where they were joined by the Plymoutli detach- 
ment and the Commander-in-chief. Proceeding thence, 
they were joined, on the eighteenth, by the Connecticut 
men. That night they expected to spend at a garrison some 
fifteen miles distant from the Narraganset fort, but on 
reaching the place they found that the Indians had a few 
days before killed the inhabitants and burned the buildings. 
There they passed the night, without shelter, in the snow 
and cold. 

The following day was Sunday. Their provisions were 
nearly exhausted, and at half past five in the morning they 
commenced their march toward the Indian fort, in the 
snow, which continued falling all day. After a weary 
march they reached the swamp surrounding the f6rt, 
between one and two o'clock in the afternoon. There the 
way of entrance was pointed out by the Indian guide, who 
accompanied the expedition, and an immediate advance was 
ordered. 



[1. HISTORY OF AMIIKHST. 7 

TIlc ii|<|r|- was (ilirM'd witll :i I.I r li I \ . | 1 ii • .M;i»;if||IISr|tS 

Mini ill limit iiiiiiiiiiLi IIS ill ;i r;iiT to si-c wIki uniild liisl 
I't'iicli till' ^(Mii. »()ii tlii'ir ;irri\;il, the |i;i.ss;il:t to llic lort 
was IiiiiihI In lie u\cr a lu^ iiiaili' sli|i|M'r\ li\' tlir falling 
siinw, uliicli lay across a ilitfli lillnl uitli walt-r. 'I'liis 
passage was (IcIfiidiMl liv sliar|isli(M»trrs, wjin (iffii|iic(| a 
sort nl' l)l()ck-li(uisr near l»y, and Ity utiicrs wlio liii<-d (lie 

tn|is nf the [lalisadi'S that ilir|u>rd tilc Inlt. Siillir III the 

captains, and many ol the mm Idl at Ihc liist onset, and 
the snrvivors dimhcd over their bodies toward the I'ort, 
emh'avorinu" to elTect an rntiance. 

'I'he strnuLilc was Icailnl, and \ ictorv was tor a lon<r 
time in (h)nl»t. ()ncethe Mn^lisli were rejailsed. Alter a 
contest ol aliout three hours, a party ot Conneetieiit men, 
a sort ol rear guard, torced an enti'aiiee into the Inrt in 
another tpiarter, and attacked tiiesa\ages in tlu' rear. The 
Indians had nearly exhausted their ammunition, hut the\ 
met thi'ir new assailants with a shower of arrows. 

The wii: warns in the lurt were set on lire, contrai"v to the 
ad\ii-e ol the ahlest commander present, who saw the 
importance ol' a shelter I'or t he exhausted t roops alter the 
(lose ol the light. Soon the liail materials ol live Immlred 
Indian dweHings loinied the luiHTeal piles ol the sick and 
uoiiiided and the women and children they had sheltered. 

The Indians liiially gave way, hut the \ictoiy of the 
Knglish was dearly lioiight. Six t»l their hravcst I'aptains. 
and aliont eighty men. were killed, (»r died of theii- wounds, 
and aliout one hundred and lilty were wounded. (M the 
Indians, it is supposed that at least one thousand peri>hed. 

When night closed upon the scene of carnage, there was 
no shelter foi- the victors or the vaiupiished. The Imliaius 
took refuge in a ce«lar swamp near hy, in which, without 
food or covering, they passed the night. Many "t tlx-m 
doubtless perished from cold and hiingor. 

The compierius gathered np their dead atid wouiulod 
and retraced their steps in the dark, through the forest, in 



8 HISTORY OF AMHERST. [Chap. 

the midst of the storm. At two o'clock in tlie morning 
the survivors reached their camping place. Some had died 
on the march, and the intense cold stiffened the limbs of 
all. They were without shelter, and had but little food. 
In the morning following they could hardly move, for the 
depth of the snow phich covered them. Fortunately, a 
vessel laden with provisions arrived at a landing near by in 
the course of the night, and saved them from starvation. 

The sufferings of the Indians who escaped must have 
been intense. A thaw, however, occurred in mid-winter, 
which enabled them to procure ground-nuts and roots 
which partially supplied their wants. 

The war continued to rage fiercely for months after the 
destruction of the Narraganset stronghold ; but finally, 
12 August, 1676, Philip, its instigator, was killed, and 
peace was soon after restored. 

In this death struggle of the New England Indians, 
about six hundred of the English were killed, twelve or 
thirteen of tlieir towns were wholly destroyed, and many 
others were greatly damaged. About six liundred buildings 
were burned, one eleventh of the families in the Colonies 
were burned out, and a large number of cattle were 
destroyed, with a vast amount of other property. 



IT.] HISTORY OF AMHERST, 



CHAPTER 11. 

l(iHr)-1788. 

THE PROMISE REDEEMED, (JliANTS To THE NARRAGANSHT 

SOLDIERS. — GRANT OF A TOWNSHll' IN IIIK NII'MFCJ COUN- 
TRY. — ACTION OF THE liolSK FI'oN A PETITION PRESENTED 

IN 1727. I'OSTFONED BY THE COUNCIL. (MJANT OF TWO 

TOWNSHIPS, EACH SIX MILES SgUARE, TO THE SOLDIERS. 

REPORT OF THE COMMITTEE ON oNE OF THE ToWNS LAID 

OUT. — Tin: i;epoi;t acceptij), and the township, ai-ter- 

WARD AMHERST, CONFIRMED TO THE SOLDIERS, A LIST 

OF THE PROPRIETORS PRESENTED To THE COURT, AND A 
MEETING CALLED, — A FURTHER (HJANT PETITIONED FOR. — 
ACTION OF THE HOUSE. NOT CONCIURED IN HY THE COUN- 
CIL. EFFORTS MADE TO OBTAIN AN ADDITIONAL (JRANT. 

ADDRESS OF THE COUNCIL TO THE HOUSE. .) A NU A It V. 17;U-32, 
A FURTHER GRANT MADE, SUFFICIENT TO (HVE A TOWNSHIP 
SIX MILES SQUARE TO EACH ONE HUNDRED AND TWENTY 
OF THE PETITIONERS, — FAILS TO RECEIVE THE APPROVAL 
OF GOV, BELCHER. — ANOTHER GRANT MADE, WHICH IS 
FINALLY CONSENTED TO BY THE GOVERNOR. 

Tilt' (lemTiil Court of Massachusetts, at a session held 
4 -hiiu', Ids"), in answer to a |M'tition of sundrv inhabitants 
of liViin, IJeveily, Kcadiiii;', and lliniihani. "jiaiiird ;i tnwn- 
sldp, ei<i;lit miles scjuare. in the •' Nipinuu' eountrv," in the 
south part of the Provinci-, " to the petitioners and others 
who were servicoalde to the eountrv in the recent Indian 
war." 

No measures appear to have been taken l»y the grantees 
to secure the township granted thenu It .seems never to 
have been located, and the land in that part uf the Pruv- 



10 HISTORY OF AMHEEST. [Chap. 

ince was afterward disposed of by the Court to other 
parties. 

Another petition from tlie Narraganset soldiers was 
presented to the House of Representatives, 1 July, 1727, 
asiving- for the grant of another tract of land in place of the 
one formerly granted. 

This petition met with a favorable reception, and an act 
was shortly afterward passed by the House of Representa- 
tives, by which a committee was appointed to lay out 
another township, eight miles square, for the petitioners. 

The act was read in the Council, and its further consid- 
eration postponed until the next session of the Court. 

At the next session, an act was passed by the House 
granting the petitioners two townships, each of the contents 
of six miles square. This action was concurred in by the 
Council, but failed to receive the sanction of the Governor. 

" At a session, held 15 June, 1728. In the House of Representatives. 
In answer to the Petition of the Soldiers that served in the Xarra- 
ganset War : — 

Resolved, tliat Major Chandler, Mr. Edward Shove, Major Tilestone, 
& Mr. John Hobson (or any three of them) be a committee fully 
authorized & empowered to sm'vey & lay out two Townships of the 
contents of Six miles square each, in some of the unappropriated 
Lands of this Province, and that the said Lands be granted & dis- 
posed of to the Persons, whether Officers or Soldiers, belonging to this 
Province, who were in the Service of their Country in the said Narra- 
ganset War, or to their lawful Representatives, as a Reward for their 
public ser\ ices and as a full Satisfaction of the Grant formerly made by 
the Great and General Court ; and inasmuch as it is the full Litent and 
Purpose that every Officer & Soldier who served in the said war should 
have a Compensation made him over & above what Wages & Gratui- 
ties any of them have ah-eady received: — That publick Xotice be 
given in the News Letter, & Advertisements be posted up in every 
Town in the Province, notifying all Persons that now survive & were 
in the Fight, & the legal Representatives of those deceased, that they 
give or send a List of theu- names & Descents to the Court in their 
next Fall Sessions ; and when such List is compleated by a Commit- 
tee then to be appointed by this Court, the Grantees shall be obliged 
to assemble in as short a thne as they can, conveniently, not exceeding 



TT.] HlSToliV (IF vMIIKKST. 11 

six iiioiitlis, N; iHocird to tli.' Cliniic of a ( 'i.iiiiiiillft', to n'giilatc each 
Pnjinit'ty, who sliall i)ass such Onlns iV Uiilrs as will t'fVt'cluallv 
olili^ff thciii to si'dlc sixty Families at least in v.u-h 'rowiiship. with a 
IcaniiMl Oithoilox .Miiiister. within the Space of seven years from the 
Date of the (irant : Pnirii/i il. ni-verlheless. if the saiil (Irautees shall 
not ell'ecliially settli' the sail! iiiiiiiliiT of Families in each 'I'ownshiji, 
iSc also lay out a Lot for the said settled Minister, one for the Ministry 
& one for the School in each of tiie said Townships, they shall have 
IK) ailvantae;e Imt forfeit their said (irants : any thinLC herein containcii 
to the contrary notwithstandini;'. 

In (iMincil : Head & Concurred. 

Coiisentr.l I,,; W M. I )r M M i;i;.' 

Tlif coiiimittcc to l;iy out the to\viislii|is attnidcd to tlic 
(liit\ assiiiiKMl thrill, and |iirst'iit('d plans ol" the same at tlir 
srssimi i>r till' (''Hill held in the iikuiIIi u| I >ccriiilic!- t(d- 
lowiiii;-. ( )ii (Hie i)t' the plans is the tollowiiiLi' statcniont : — 

"The I'lau hereto annexed Shows the hounds of a Tract of Land 
laid out for one of the''Towns (Jranted hy the (Jen'l Court to the .\'ar- 
ra.iranset SoMieis. It Lyes on the North Side .Sowhea<,Miii River ami 
adjoyniuj; thereto on the South. 'The Fast part of it is ahout four or 
five miles Westward of .Meriima -k Uiver; and is att or Near the Ea.st 
end of the Late i)roposed Line of 'Towns hetween l)uiistal>le and 
Xorthtield. There is in it a .SufKcieiit Quantity of ImprovaMe l>and 
Capable of inakini;; a good Town. The whole I'lan contains I'Ll-JT 
Acres, which is l,-tl7 acres more than is contained in Six miles 
square, which we are Humbly of opinion ought to be allowed for the 
Pond ami Part of tlu'ee P\irms that were formerly laid out. & now 
Included in this .Survi-y. It was surveyed in the month of October, 
1728, with the assistance of .Mr. donas Hou.i,ditoil. Surveyor. & .luiui 
Goss & Ste]ihen Mighill. Chainmen, who were sworn by .loseph 
Wilder. F>.|. 

•lollN ( l!AMiLi;i;. ,h NK. i 

i:i)\\ D SIK »\ K. '- Cmmiltr,:' 

.lOllN I1()IJ>()N. ) 

In the House of Uepreseiilatives. Deceml'er 1>. \~J>. Tin' report 
of the Committee was Read and .\ccepted. iS: rote<l, that the laud pro- 
tracted and described in the within IMan be and hereby is confirmed 
to the Olficers ^: Soldiers belonginj,' to tliis Province who were in the 
Service of their Country in the late Narraj^anset War & to their Heirs 
& assigns or lawful Representatives, Pmriiltd it exceeds not the 
Quantity of Laiul within mentioned, nor interferes with any other or 



12 HISTORY OF AMHERST. [Chap, 

former Grant : Provided, also, they comply with the conditions men- 
tioned in the said vote of the seventh (loth) of Jnne for settling the 

said Town. 

In Council : Read and Concur'd. 

Consented to : 

W. BURNET. 

The township thus granted was afterward known as 
Narraganset, No. 3, and subsequently as Souheg-an West, 
No. 3. It Avas incorporated as a town 18 January, 1760, at 
which time it received the name of Amherst, from General 
Jeffrey Amherst, at that time Commander-in-chief of the 
British forces in North America. 

11 May, 1729, Major Quincy and Mr. Thomas Tilestone, 
on the part of the House, and Thomas Hutchinson, Esq., of 
the Council, were appointed a committee to " take and 
examine a list of the claims to the Lands lately granted to 
the Narraganset soldiers, and compleat the same, and make 
report of their doings at the next May session of the 
Court." 

17 December, 1729. The committee presented a list of 
the names of those who had established their claims, and 
recommended that the two townships be granted to the 
persons whose names were given in said list, and that they 
be required '•'• to meet at Boston on the first Wednesday of 
June next following, if the small-pox be not there ; if it be, 
then at Cambridge, then &. there to chuse a Committee 
for Ordering their Affairs, and to do other things needful 
for settling said tracts of land, pursuant to the Resolve of 
this Court at its Session in June, 1728, and that Public 
Notifications be given by order of this Assembly, that they 
meet accordingly." 

This report was accepted and adopted by the House 
and Council, and the grantees were notified to meet ; 
but, 30 May, 1730, the order for the meeting was super- 
seded by the Court, and the Representatives were desired to 
give public notice of the change with all convenient 
speed. 



II.] HISTORY OF AMFIF.RST. 13 

Many of the trrantcos, fjiiliii'i" to rocrivo notioo of tho 
c'liiiiit:"!'. iiH't ,it ('aiiiltiidiic. ;'. .Iiiiir. IT^'.'L wlinr flicv 
l('ani»'(l tli;ii tlif oidci' tor iiicrtinw- mi ili;it i|;i\ IimiI lircii 
coiiiitcniiandiMl. upon wiiirli llicy dissoKcd tlirir incftiiiL''. 
I>cfoi't' doiii'j" this, f I icy a|i|Mtiiiti'd Col out •! Tlioiiias 'I'ilcstoiH'. 
Mr. .loii;itli;iii Willi:iiii>. .Mr. .Ichn W'.idsw urt li. .Mr. Natli'l 
(Joodwin, and .Mr. 'riioiims Hunt, to •• I'ctitioii tin- (Icnrral 
Court for a furtlirr (Jrant of hmd to ye ( )11iccrs A' .'^<tldifrs, 
that cM'ry Sixty ("hiinicis may have a ToWM.shiit of Si.x 
Mih's s(|uai'('.'" 

•JS Octohcr, IT^')!'. The time for the nicotintr of tho 
;i.'rantc('s was a<jaiii ihan'jfd. liy order of the Court, ami as 
till' s!ii;ill-|Mi\ was rriiioM'd from ISostoii tln'\ wfic rfi|uirrd 
to meet at that placo on the " second Wcdui-sday of the 
ne.xt sittinu of this Court after a recess."" 

A meetiuL;' of the Lii'autecs was accordingly held at Uos- 
ton. 'J:) I)eceiulier. 1 7-'>0. ;it which it was "voted that Colonel 
Williani nudley. .Messrs. Snmuel ( 'hamller and .Folui Lomj'- 
ley.lie ;i committee to wait upon the (Jelieinl ('ourt to press 

the affair now in hand." — a further u'raut of hind. 

In aiiswei' to the i-epresentatioiis of this committee, the 
lloux' ;ilid ('oMUcil \oted that the time for pl-eselltillir 
(daims to the Narrai^anset lands shoiijil he extended to the 
lii-st Wednesday of .\|iril then next followiu'j;, and that a 
furthei- urant of land should he made, sunicieiil to lmvc each 
one hunilreil mid twenty persons, wlio.se (daims were 
admitted, a township si.x miles square. 'i'hc sanu- coni- 
mittee that examined the (daims previously presente(|. were 
autliori/.e(| to examine and report u|ion the additional 
chiims that uu<iht he made. Hut this action of the House 
and ('ouucil seems not to li;i\c received the ap|ii"o\al ol the 
< iovcrniM'. 

\\ a mectiuu' of the -irautecs. Indd l^'. .hmuary, 1T;?<>-H1. 
it was V(»ted to ap|ioint a committee to wait u|toii the next 
(u'lM'ral Court, "to forward the all'air now in Hand." — the 
"•rant of more laiul, — and Coloutd William l>udle\, Mosrs. 



14 HISTORY OF AMHERST. [Chap. 

Samuel Chandler, John Longley, Jona. Williams, and 
Nath'l (4oodwin, were appointed as the committee. 

17 Fchruarv, 1730-31, the House voted to extend the 
time for receiving claims until the lirst Wednesday of June 
following, and to allow each 120 i)ersons, whose claims 
should he allowed, a townshi]) six miles square. The 
Council agreed to extend the time, as proposed l)y the 
House, but proi)osed to give the two townships, — already 
granted to the grantees, — without any restriction as to 
the manner and times of settlement in full for their claims. 

To this the House would not consent, and adhered to 
their vote, in which the Council non-concurred, and there, 
for a time, the matter rested. 

At a meeting of the grantees, held 24 February, 1730-31, 
Colonel William Dudley, Colonel Thomas Tilestone, Captain 
Edward White, Messrs. Nathaniel Goodwin, Samuel Chand- 
ler, Jonathan Williams, Edward Shove, Jonas Houghton, 
and Jabez Hunt, were appointed a committee, any five of 
whom should be a quorum for the transaction of business, 
whose duty it should be to carry on the affairs of the 
grantees before the General Court; and they were empow- 
ered to petition the Court in order to obtain a further grant 
of land ; and, in case they were successful, they were 
authorized to send advertisements into other towns, noti- 
fying the grantees. 

The meeting was then adjourned to the first Wednesday 
of the following September, at ten of ye clock, at which 
time they again met and aj)pointed Colonel Thomas Tile- 
stone, Messrs. Jonas Houghton, Nathaniel Goodwin, Sam- 
uel Chandler, Jacob Wright, and Samuel Kneeland, a 
committee to regulate and settle the two townships granted 
to the soldiers whose names are on the list allowed by the 
Court. 

It was voted that the committee be authorized to petition 
the General Court — if there be occasion — for more land ; 
and they were also authorized — if occasion required — to 



II.] iit?;tory of amhkhst. 1") 

send out luiiitcil :i(l\"ri-tiscin(Mits iittotln' iiciii'liliuriiiif towns 
to niisf ;i )ii'(i|iric|(irs" meet inu. 

Ill till' llicallt illic. I .llllir. 17-"'>1 . I lir llulisr |i:iS.sc(l Sllh- 

stiintiiillv the sauic vote as that |»assr(| in Fchriiarv |iit- 
^■iolls, lull their action was not concniTctl in hy thr Coiincil. 

The coniiuitlcc a|i|H)int»'<| liy thr lirantccs at thi'ir iMfftJiiLT 
ill S('|)t(Mnh('i', |ir('|»aii'<l a prtition lor a fiirthrr <:-rant of 
lain!, which was laid lictnic the II<iiisc of l?r]ti('s<'iitativrs 
at its I )i'i'('iiilM'r session, in IT-U. h\' Mr. Samnel ('liaiidler, 
and Mr. Sainnel Kiieelaiid. t heir clerk, was direet«M| lo wait 

ii()on a <'niiiiiiitt I the House, which had heen a|t|»ointed 

to draw ii|i some reasons to inlhieiiee the ("oiiiicil to concur 
with the Mouse ill an adilitioiiai u'rant of land to the Xarra- 
<i-anset soldiers, and "press the affair with the said cdin- 
mittce." 

Finally, the llonse sent the tollowini;- niessatrc to the 
( 'oiiiK'il. which sets i'orth the condition of the count ry at 
the time of the Xarrauaiiset War. the iin|tortani-e dj' the 
service rendere(l 1)\- the soldiers in that war. and the 
u'roiiiids on which the uraiits were |iro|M)sed to lie made: — 

III til.- Ileus.- of i;.i.n-s.-iitativ.-s. l!) .(;iii.. IT-'U-:)!'. 

'•Ordered, that ye following,' message lie .sent up to the IIoii'Me 
Hoard, viz.: Whereas there have been .several eudeavonrs to aeeoiu- 
luoilate the Xarrhagansett Soldier.s & their Descendants with a Suit- 
al)le Quantity of Land for the Settlement as an .AokimwledireiMent & 
Heward lor their ,<,n-eat Service to this Country, which have failed 
hitherto of the desired Success. This IIou.se have tlioiij,di( it niijudit 
tend to proiuote a j^ood understanding it Hanuony in this Court to l;iy 
before the Hon'ble Board wherefore it is that the Kejiri'senfves have 
come into the (Jrant of a Tract of six miles square to each nmnber of 
on.- humhi-.l and twenty persons, which they have made this Se.Hsion, 
in answer to the Petition of Thomas Tilestone & others, a Coinm'tee 
in behalf of themselves and the rest of the SoMiers & their Descend- 
ants, who were in the Xarraganset War. Ami one great Reason is, 
that there was a Proclamation madt- to the Army in the name of the 
fiovernm'ut, — as living evidences very fully te.stifv, — when they were 
mustered on Dedliam Plain, when- they began their March, that if 
they playeil the :Man, took the Fort, unci Drove the Enemy out of the 



16 HISTORY OF AMHERST. [Chap. 

Narraganset Coimtry, which was their great Seat, that they slioiild 
have a gratuity in Land beside their Wages ; and it is well known 
that this was done ; and, as the Conditions have been performed, 
certainly the Promise, in all Equity and Justice, ought to be fulfilled ; 
and if we consider the Difiiculties these brave men went thro' in 
Storming the Fort in the Depth of Winter & the pinching wants they 
afterward underwent in pursuing the Indians that escaped, thro' a 
hideous wilderness, famously known throughout New England to this 
day by the name of the hungry March ; and if we further consider 
that until this brave tho' small army thus played the Man, the whole 
Country was filled with Distress & fear & we trembled in this Capital, 
Boston, itself, and that to the Goodness of God to this Army we owe 
our Fathers aiid our own Safety & Estates. We cannot bat think yt 
those Instrum'ts of our Deliverance & Safety ought to be not only 
justly but also gratefully & generously rewarded & even with much 
more than they prayed for. Tf we measure M't they receive from us 
by w't we enjoy & have received from them, we need not mention to 
ye Hon'ble Board the Wisdom, Justice, & Generosity of Our Mother 
Country & ye Ancient Romans on such occasions. Triumphs, Orations, 
Hereditary Honors & privileges ; All the Riches, Lands, & Spoils of 
War & conquer'd Countries have not been thought too great for 
those to whom thev have not owed more, if so much as We do to those 
our Deliverers, & we ought further to observe, what greatly adds to 
their merit, that they were not vagabonds & Beggars & Outcasts, of wh'ch 
Armies are sometimes considerably made up, who run the Hazards 
of War to avoid the Danger of Starving ; so far from this, that these 
were some of ye best of Our Men, the Fathers & Sons of some of ye 
greatest & best of Our famil'es, and could have no other view but to 
serve ye Country, & whom God was pleased accordingly in a very 
remarkable manner to Honor & Succeed. Of these things the 
Hon'ble the General Court of the Late Colony of the Massachusetts in 
those days was not insensible & accordingly gave to ye Soldiers, being 
upward of Five Hundred, ab't Two thirds of the Array that went from 
ye Massachusetts & the late Colony of Plimouth, a tract of ab't forty 
thousand acres in the Xipmug Country, this, or the value of it, these 
Soldiers would be contented with, & take in their Brethren of Pli- 
mouth too, tho' that sh'd take away two thirds of w't was granted 
them, and would after that have more in value than w't they now ask 
for them all, for every one must own that 40,000 acres in the 
Heart of the Country, as the Nipmug Country is, is of more value 
than five times that quantity in the Borders, & in Danger if there 
should be a French war, as is & would be the case with all the unap- 
propriated Lands of the Provinch w'ch they now ask for. 



11.] iriSToltV OF AMIIKIiST. 17 

It is linjiiil thill the lli'iili'i't i>l' llicsc |M'I it i( (H'rs So loll};, or tllP 

proviiicrs liiivinii disposed of tin- Xipiiiiij,' Coiiutrv tt» others, & no 
defeated tlieir ancient (Iniiits. will not lie tlioii^lit to wear out any 
more than it rewards tiieir imrit. Tin- (Irant seems to lie iiia<ie in 
aoknow iedi;cnrnt liotii of yr promise \ of yr fnltillin^j ye condition. N: 
lieini; well entitled to it. & there is tjieat Reason to fear that pulilic 
(luilt w 'd ly upon tho Country if we should iiej,dect & continue in the 
lireach of this Promise, after it has l)een niaile ^c omitted for ahove 
fifty years. 

As to the late flrant of two Townships to .Seven or Kij,dit hundred 
of these Soldiers, It is so far helow the value of the F^aml they ron- 
(piered. iSc till' I'lice the piovince had for it when it was sold, & the 
money dixidnl to the Colonies that carried on the War, It is such a 
Pittance of wh't they ohtained for us, so exceedingly heneath w't 
the Province has defeated them of. which was granted to ahoiit Two 
tliirds of them in the Nipmiin' Country, that it is rather mockintr and 
deridinj,^ (hem to offer it. Beyond w't has heeii ofYered. it sh'd he 
Considered that to L;rant the jiresent i>elition iSc i,nve such a ipiantity 
of Land as may l>e worth Settling, ^: upon Conditions of liriiii,Mn^ 
forward Townslii]is. is much more a^ri>eaMe to Charier & for the 
pnhlick Good than to dive away Tracts of Land iSc siitTer & even 
tempt men to let tlu'in ly waste i^c unimproved, for in the way that 
has lieeii proposed iSi in which some Proi,fress has heeii made, the 
Lands will lie .livid.'d into su<'h scraps that tln-y will not he worth 
receivin;.^. 

Tn Council : Head. 

10 Jill!., 1781-8-J. Til." ll.Mi.>^(" ui-.lrivd tlmt :i fiirtluT 
•rniiit of land Uc luinh' to tin' Xarrniiiiiisi't .suldiri-s. .sn that 
evcfv one liiiiidicil mill twenty |M'rsniis. wlmso idaiiiis had 
Immmi allowed hy the ('oui-f, shoidd have a township of the 
contents of six miles s(|naie iindei- the same restrictions 
and lindtations as Ihose |>i-evions1y Lrfuiited. 

In this ordor the Coiineil eoneiiii'ed. 

Kflorts were made to indiiee the ( ioveriior tn smietion 
this order, luit they seem to have faih'tl.us we find that. 13 
Ma\. 17:')1. the eiimmittee itf the |i|-n|ifietoi-S : 

"Voted that Mo.s.srs. Xath'l (ioodwin and Jona. Williams pit a 
Petition writ to put into the Generial Court at their session in May 
next for a further Grant of land to the Narragan.set Soldiers, the 
2 



18 HISTORY OF AMHERST. [Chap. 

Grant made by both Houses at tlie last session not having been sined 
by His Excellency the Governor." 

1 June, 1732, they " Voted that Mr. Xath'l Goodwin pay for writting 
the Petition, and that Mr. Samuel Chandler forward the Petition as 
fast as Posable in the House of Representatives." 

8 June, 1732, they " Voted that Messrs. Nathl Goodwin & Jonathan 
Williams pay the Secra'y for putting the Petition into the Councle ;" 
also " Voted that as many of the Committee as have an Oportunity 
to forward the Petition withthe Hon'ble the members of tlie Generial 
Court, use their Intrist with them that the Prayer thereof be granted." 

8 June, 1732. The House of Representatives voted that 
a further grant of land be made to the Narraganset sol- 
diers, so that every one hundred and twenty persons, 
whose claims had been or should be allowed witliin four 
months from that date Ijy the committee appointed by the 
House and Council, should receive a tract of land six miles 
square, subject to the same limitations and conditions as the 
townships already granted, and appointed the same com- 
mittee that had previously served, to lay out the additional 
townships. 

The Council concurred in the action of the House, 9 
June, 1732. 

30 June, 1732. The claims of eight hundred and forty 
persons having been allowed by the committee of the House 
and Council, a grant of five additional townships was made 
to the Narraganset soldiers by the House of Representa- 
tives, and the grantees were ordered " to meet together in as 
short a time as they could conveniently, not exceeding the 
space of two months, and proceed to the choice of com- 
mittees, respectively, to regulate each propriety or town- 
ship which is to be held and enjoyed by one hundred and 
twenty of the grantees, each in equal proportion, each being 
subject to similar conditions and limitations with the grants 
previously made." 

In this action the Council concurred, 4 July, 1732. 

For some reason, not now known. Gov. Belcher declined 
to sign the grant, and the committee of the grantees labored 



TL] HISTORY OF AMUF.nST. 10 

with llic zeal Mini itcrsistcncv (»! :i "tliiiMl Imiisr "" oi iiiud- 
oni times to ln'inii" liiui to Icniis. 

(■> -Inly. 17:5l'. tli.-y '• Vdlnl tliiit Sain'l CIiiimllcT \ Sinn'l KiktI.-ukI 
g(i 1(1 Mr. Sam'l Welles to kiinw w lic;itiicr lie li;i-< liiii willi tlir (luv- 
enior mid iiscil his Iiitrist witli liiiii to Sine tiic ( iraiil niiiili- to ihe 
XariaLCJUisft soldioM's, and if Ik- lias not l>in. to l)t'>irr idin to po 
i'orthw ilh : ■■ also, -Noted tliat Sam'l Chandler, Jonatiian Williams, 
and Sannii'l Knci-iand. wait npon tin.' Sec'y tor to know wheather he 
has laid the (Jiant before his Excellency tin- (Jovenun" for him to 
sine." 

Tli(^ conunittec contiiuit'd to moot at Mf. Liiko NCfdy's 
tliroiiuli tlio siimmcj-, aiilmiiii, and wiiitof. followiiijr, cloiiifi^ 
l)ut little iiiisiiiess until 'ICt \\)v\\. IT-vi, when (Jov. Holchcr 
<^avo his a|t|)fo\al to Ihe new Liranl. 



20 HISTORY OF AMHERST. [Chap. 



CHAPTER III. 

1733. 

PROCEEDINGS OF THE PROPRIETORS OF THE 
NARRAGANSET TOWNSHIPS. 

ARRANGEMENTS MADE FOR A DIVISION OF THE PROPRIETORS INTO 

SEVEN SOCIETIES OF 120 EACH. A GENERAL MEETING 

CALLED. THE MEETING ON '' YE COMMON OF YE TOWN OF 

BOSTON." — DIVISION OF THE PROPRIETORS INTO SEVEN SO- 
CIETIES, WITH THE TOWNS REPRESENTED IN EACH SOCIETY, 
AND THE NAMES OP THE COMMITTEES TO ACT FOR THEIR 

RESPECTIVE SOCIETIES. SUNDRY VOTES OF THE GRANTEES. 

MEETING OF THE COMMITTEES OF THE SEVERAL SOCIETIES, 

17 OCTOBER, 1733, AND ASSIGNMENT OF THE TOWN " BACK OP 

SACO & SCARBORO'." VOTE IN RELATION TO A GRANT TO GOV. 

BELCHER IN TOWNSHIP NO. 2, NOW WESTMINSTER, MASS. 

ASSIGNMENT OF THE SIX REMAINING TOWNSHIPS BY LOT. — 
PRESENT NAMES OF THE NARRAGANSET TOWNSHIPS. 

The committee of the grantees met 26 April, 1733, and 

" Voted, that Sam'l Kneelaud make Seven Divisions of the Narra- 
ganset Grantees, each Division to contain one hundred and twenty of 
the said Grantees, and to place the said one hundred and t^^enty of 
each Division as near as he can together." 

" Voted, that he git all the Votes and Orders of the General Court 
relating to ye Seven Townships granted to the Narraganset Soldiers, 
for Direction to this Committee's calling ;^ Proprietors' meeting." 

Nathaniel Goodwin, Jonathan Williams, and Samuel 
Williams, were appointed to draw up an advertisement for 
a proprietors' meeting, and lay the same before the com- 
mittee at their next meeting. 



II I. J THK NAHItACANSirr TOWNSHIPS. -Jl 

At a iiM'ftiii'/. liclil .") .M;i\. 17:'.;'.. tlic advcrtix-iiiciii was 
present«'(l, and :i|i(ii<i\i'(l Ky the i-uiniiiittcc ; ami Sainiii'l 
KiH'('laii(l was (jirfctril to <jTt it |iiiiiti-(|. and scud cniiics to 
till- si;veial tnwiis u ln'ir the yiaiitcfs li\cd. ili- was also 
clircctcd to wiitr a list (.1 the urj'iilt'rs in cadi town, and 
send tlic same with tin- coiiics uf the aovt'itismiml. 

81 .May. IT^'.-".. the iMinunittrr 

" \'()tt'(l, tiiat Saiiiiifi Kiicflaiiil wriLclit a list lur t-acli luwiisliip. 
jjraiitetl accordiiiii to tlic Divisimi now iiiailc l.y tin- Coiniiiittt'o. in 
order to Divide the (iraiitt't-s into seven socit'ties at their approacliin^ 
meeting, tlie said list to l.e laid liet'ore the (Jrantees for their Aprilia- 
tion." 

. I) June, \~'M. ■• i'he eoiiiiiiillee iiieii at .Mr. Luke \ enlev's. at-conl- 
ing to their adjournnient. and Delivered iheii- N'otes. tiie .\eeount of 
their nieetiu^s. the lists. i'a|>ers. \e.. l.y their (lark to the (irantees." 

( )n tilt' saiiif day a p-nt-fal int'rtiiiLr ot the yrantccs was 
Ik id in lioston. at wliitdi Cnlontd Tlionias 'I'ylston was 
chosrii inoderatof, and Sam I kiicrlaiid. (dnk. A cuni- 
luittee, coiisistiii<:' o|' ('(domd llfnjamin I'rrscnt. .Iulm Ki(di- 
ardson, Esiif.. and ('a])tain Josi-jtii Kujl»jiU's, was a(»|toint('(i 
"fo examine the late Colimiittee's accounts, and all the 
rofiner aeeonnts."" 'I'he ineetiiii:' then adjoiiiiied until two 
o'clock in the atleinoim, at whieli time the i^fantees auaiii 
met on the ** C'oiumon of ye Towne oj' lioston." It was 
then 

•• Voted, that the Grantees allowed by the General Court, amounting 
to the number oi' eight hundred and forty in the whole, he Divided 
into Seven Distinct Societies, each Society to consi.st of one Hundred 
and twenty of the s'd (irantees. which society shall l)e Intitided to 
One of ye Townships granted to the Narragan.set Soldiers, &c. 

That one of the S'd Societies .shall consist mostly of the Proprietor."* 
belonging- to the Towns of Ipswicii. Newbury, Rowley, Ilaverliili. 
Salsbury, Almsbiiry, Methueu, Ilamton, Greenland. Berwick." 

"Voted, that Mr. riiii.JiMoN Dank, of Ipswich, Mr. .Iuh.n Gains, 
of Ipswich, Gon'll .FosKi'ii (iKAitisii. of Newbury, be a Coinnnttee 
for the said Soci»'ty." 

" Voted, That another of the s'd Societies shall consist mostly of 
those Proprietors belonging to the Towns of Salem, Liu, Marblehead, 



22 HISTORY OF AMHERST. [Chap. 

Glocester, Andover, Topsfield, Beverly, Wenhain, Boxfoi'd, Bradford, ~ 
Scarborough, York, Falmouth, Chatham." 

"Voted, that Mr.. Hichakd Moor, of Liu, Mr. John TKASK,'of 
Salem, and Mr. Ebejsezer Rayment, be a Committee for the said 
Society." 

" Voted, that Another of the said Societys shall Consist of the Pro- 
prietors belonging to the Towns of Cambridge, Charlestown, 
Watertown, Westown, Sudbury, Xewtowu, Medford, Maulden, Red- 
ing." 

"Voted, that M,r. John Cutting, of Watertown, Mr. James Low- 
den, of Charlestown, and Capt. Joseph Bowman, be a Committee 
for the Said Society. 

" Voted, that anothei- of the s'd Societys shall consist mostly .of those 
Proprietors belonging to the Towns of Concord, Groton, Marlboro', 
Chelmsford, Billerica, Lancaster, Lexington, Framingham, Stow, 
Littleton, Sherburn, Stonham, Southboro", Woburn." 

" Voted, that Mr. Samuel Chandler, of Concord, Mr. Jacob 
Wright, of Woburn, and Con'll Ben.jamin Prescott, Esqr., of 
Groton, be a Conimittee for the Said Society." 

" Voted, that another of the s'd Societys shall consist mostly of those 
Proprietors belonging to the Towns of Northampton, Hadley, Sufield, 
Endfield, Deerfield, Worcester, Woodstock, Oxford, Brookfield, Kil- 
lingiy, Lebanon, Mansfield, Norwich, Pomfrit, Windham, Bristol, 
Taunton, Svvanzey, Rehoboth, Little Conipton, Dighton, Attleboro', 
Norton, Fi'eetown, Barrington, Bridgewater, Middleboro', Plimpton, 
Kingston, Rochester, Pembrook, Marshfield, Ashford, Colchester, 
Hadham, Hebron, Bellingham, Horseneck, North Kingston, and 
Walpole." 

" Voted, that Mr. Edward Shove, Mr. Josiah Keeth, and Con'll 
John Chandler, be a Committee for the said Society." 

" Voted, tliat Another of the said Societys shall consist mostly of 
those Proprietors belonging to the Towns of Boston, Roxbury, 
Dorchester, Milton, Brantree, Wayinouth, Hingham, Dedham, Stough- 
ton, Brookline, Neadham, Hull, ]Medfield, Scittuate, Newpourt, New 
Loudon, Providence." 

" Voted, that Con'll Thomas 'J'oylston, Mr. Jonathan Williams, 
and Capt. Joseph Ruggles, be a Committee for the s'd Society." 

" Voted, that another of the Societys shall consist mostly of those 
Proprietors belonging to the Towns of Barnstable, Yarinoth, Eastham, 
Sandwich, Plimoth, Tisbury, Abington, Duxbury, and one of Scit- 
uate." 

" Voted, that Con'll Shubael Goarham, Mr. Timothy White, and 
Mr. Robert Standford, be a Connnittee for the Said Society." 



111. J THK NAKKAGANSET TOWNSHIPS. 'I^ 

" N'ott'd thai each ni tin' Si-vcral ('(nmnittefs lor the KesjHJctive 
Ntcietifs, now chosen, be Directcil ami hnpowered to take a List 
of tht! Sorit.'ly for which tliey art; .Vpjiointcd, and to .loyn with the 
Otlicr Committees in Assijj^nins,' the 'I'owns to ea<'h Society, &e., ami 
also to assemlilt! the (Jrantees of their Kespective Societys to Chuse a 
Clark and Commiltees, from time to time, to niana},'e and transact any 
atVairs that maybe th(mi,dit needfull. ami make such Uulcs and Orders 
as may be Proper and tor llie benefit of the Society and bringing 
forward the settlement of tlir Township that shall be a.ssij;ned them, 
as aforesaiil." 

"Voted, that any two of the committee for each society be Impow- 
ered to act, or transact any alVair, for the ijood of the Society tln-y are 
chosen for." 

'' Voted, that all pa>t and the present charges of this meetinii; l>e paid 
by the wIkiU Society." 

7 .Iiiin'. lT->->. Tilt' tifniitocs im't ;it .Mi', liukr \ fnloy's, 
ill IJustoii. 

The f(']M»rt (tt tilt' I'uiuiuit toe. ;i|i|M»iiitc(l ycstfrday ti> 
I'xniiiiiic till- late coiiiiiiittcr's nccuiiiits, and nil lofiin'r 
nct'oimts, was aric|il('(l, and tin- aiiiomit <d claiins i-('|iortr(| 
hciiio- OIK! huiulri'd and tliiity-iiiiic jmhiikIs, ('l('V«'n sliilliii<rs 
and r'lLilil |i('iK'(', was (irdcrcd tn lif paid 1<> tlir sr\i'ial |it'r- 
sniis tt> w lidin it was due. 

•• \'oted. that Deacon donathan Williams, of Boston, be Treasurer 
of the wholl Narra,i,'anset Society or grantees, and it is further 
Ordered an<l ^■^)ted that the Severial Societys pay their l'roi>orfionabl.- 
Tart of the One llnndred ami Thirty nim; roumls, eleven Shillings 
ami <'ight Pence (Due from the wholl Society) to Deacon dona. 
Williams, of lioston. Treasurer, and by him to be Repaid to the late 
committee, to whom it is Due to Discharge the Said Debt." 

" Voted, that Sam'll Kneeland be the Clark of the wholl Narra- 
ganset Society or grantees, and that he is Imp<»wereil by said (Jrantees 
to keep all the Records, Papers, Resolves, and Votes of, or belonging 
to, the s'd Grantees, ami that he give coppeys to any of the grantees 
or Others, Attested under his hand, he being under an Otiifora 
faithful Discharge of his trust." 

••\'oted, that the charge of this meeting being Seven Pound.H. ten 
Shillings and Six Pence, be Paid by the .S.>verial Sm-ietys to the 
Tnasurer. in the same method that the Other Debts are to l»e paid 
in." 



24 HISTORY OF AMHERST. [Chap. 

7 September. 173:}. "By A desier from the Committee of Boston, 
&c., Society of the Xarragaiiset Grantees, the severial Persons after 
named met at Boston, at tlie house of Mr. Lnke Verdey, on said 
Day, Vizt : 

Con'll Thomas Toylston, Deac'n Jonathan Williams, and Capt. 
Joseph Rnggles, Comitee for Boston. &c. ; Mr. James Lowden, Capt. 
Joseph Bowman, JNlr. John Cuttiag, Comittee for Charlestown, &c. ; 
Mr. Sani'll Chandler. ]\Ir. Jacol) Wright. Conunittee for Concord, 
&.C.; Capt. Richard Moor, .\lr. John Traske, Committee for Salem, 
&c. ; Mr. P^dward Shove, Mr. Josiah Keith, Committee for Northamp- 
ton, &c. ; and have agreed to meet at Boston, at this honse, upon 
Oct'h'r 17tli next, at nine of the clock in the Morning: also'. Ordered 
tiiat the Clark notitie the Gentlemen of the Severial Committees that 
are not here at this thue. especially the Xewbury, &c., Committee, and 
Barnstable, &c., Connnitee, to meet with them npon the S'd Day, in 
Order to Assign the Towns to the Severial Societys." 

17 (A'tober, 1733. The ('(nuinittees of the several socie- 
ties met at tlie house of Mr. Luke V^erdey at nine o'clock 
in the morning, and after discussing the matter of assign- 
ing' the townships granted tliem, without coming to any 
conchision, adjourned until half past two o'clock this after- 
noon, at which time they met, 

" Aiid resumed their Debates. They agreed that A Towns back 
of Saco and Scarbro' be Called No. 1, and that the s'd Town be 
Assigned to Mr. Philemon Dane and Company, a committee for 
Ipswich Society, &c. ; and then voted that the Committees for the 
other Six Societys come into a lot for the six remaining Towns, being- 
No. 2, No. 3, No. 4, No. 5, No. ti. No. 7 ; but before the drawing of 
the lot a proposial was maid that the Society that should hapen to 
Draw the Town called No. 2, at Watchusett, should lay out and assign 
to his Excelency Jonathan Belcher, Esqr., five Hundred acres of land 
in s'd Towne for his Honored Father's wright, which Proposial was 
agread upon and Consented to by all the Committees Present at Said 
Meeting, and Voted and Ordered Accordingly : then Voted, that one 
of each Committee draw the lot for each Society, and that Capt. John 
Chandler Draw for Barnstable Society." 

" Voted, that the Six Towns be assigned as by lot they were Drawn, 
Vizt: 

To Mr. James Lowden and Company, No. 2, at Watchusett ; 

To Mr. Richard Moore and Company, No. 3, Souliegan West ; 



TiiK NAi;i; a(;ansi:t townsiiii-s 



I'll Mr. IMuanl Sliovf ami ('<>iii|iatiy, Ni>. I. al Aiiiaskt'a;4f ; 
'I'o (.'ol'iril riidiiias 'i'ilstoii ami ('i>iii|>aiiy, Nu. .'), Soiilic^jun Kast ; 
To Mr. Saiii'l ('liamllfr ami ( 'iiiii|taiiy. No. ti. wi-st ul" ]M'imv oKjk 
, and Suiicddk. 

'I'll Cnii'll (Jiirliaiii ami ('<)iii|>aiiy. No. 7. tu lay mil." 

()t tlic tow iislii|is thus assiuiHMl, No. 1 is now known as 
l>u.\ton, Maini' ; No. l!. as Westminster, .Mass; No. .'5 roni- 
|irisei| parts of the present towns of .Vinherst. .Merriniai-k. 
Milt'or<l, and .Mont N'ernon, .New I lani|isliire : .No. 4 inclnded 
th<' present town oj' < lol'l'slow n, and a part ol the eit\ of 
.Manehester ; l)iit as t he iiTantees reported thai "thev lonnd 
the land so poor and harn-n as to lie altoL;-ether iineapaltje 
of niakinu" ;i setlh-nK'Ht !"" it was al)andone(l. and another- 
township, at a phiee caMeil (,>naliliin. now (Ireenwieh, .Mas.s.. 
was assigned them in itsslead: No. ."» comprised thepre^mt 
town of IJedloid, and parts of thi- town ol .Merrimaek, and 
thi' iit\ of .Manchester: No. ("» is now 'I'empleton, .Mass. : 
and the township hiid out tor No. 7 is now (Jorhani, .Maine. 



26 HISTORY OF AMHERST. [Chap. 



CHAPTER IV. 

1734-1762. 
SOUHEGAN WEST. 

FIRST MEETING OF THE PROPRIETORS. ORGANIZATION. A 

VIEWING COMMITTEE APPOINTED. A DIVISION OF THE TOWN- 
SHIP INTO LOTS ORDERED, AND MADE. ENC0URAGEMF:NT 

OFFERED TO SETTLERS. — PROVISION MADE FOR BUILDING " A 
HOUSE OF ENTERTAINMENT," AND FOR A FERRY-BOAT TO CROSS 

THE SOUHEGAN. A COMMITTEE APPOINTED TO CONFER WITH 

A COMMITTEE OF THE PROPRIETORS OF NO. 5 IN REGARD TO 
A BRIDGE ACROSS THE SOUHEGAN. — REGULATIONS ADOPTED 
CONCERNING THE LOTS DRAWN. — NUMBERS OF THE LOTS 

DRAWN IN THE FIRST DIVISION. NAMES OF THE DRAWERS, 

AND THE TOWNS TO WHICH THEY BELONGED. A COMMITTEE 

APPOINTED TO LAY OUT A PLACE FOR A MEETING HOUSE, 
TRAINING FIELD, BURYING-PLACE, A LOT FOR THE MINISTRY, 

SCHOOL AND MINISTERIAL LOTS, AND THEIR REPORT. 

FIRST SETTLEMENT OF THE TOWNSHIP. HARDSHIPS OF 

SETTLERS IN NEW TOWNSHIPS. BRIDGE BUILT ACROSS THE 

SOUHEGAN. BUILDING OF A SAW-MILL PROVIDED FOR. A 

SECOND DIVISION OF LOTS VOTED, AND VOTES IN RELATION 
THERETO. SOUHEGAN WEST BECOMES A PART OF NEW HAMP- 
SHIRE. PROVISION MADE FOR BUILDING A GRIST-MILL AT 

THE FALLS OF THE SOUHEGAN. A COMMITTEE APPOINTED 

TO CONFER WITH THE GOVERNOR AND COUNCIL OP NEW 
HAMPSHIRE. HIGHWAYS LAID OUT, AND SURVEYORS AP- 
POINTED. EFFORTS MADE TO BRING IN SETTLERS. A THIRD 

DIVISION OF LOTS VOTED. ROADS LAID OUT. OLD, MIDDLE, 

AND NEW TENOR BILLS. LAWFUL AND STERLING MONEY. 



IV.] SOUHKGAN WKST. 27 

OLD AND Ni:\V STYLK. PETITION FOR INCOltl'OHATION AS 

A TOWN, WITH signers' NAMKS, ITo:;. — IMMCKS OF SUN- 

DRIKS, 17;V.I. CHARTER OF TUK TOWN OF AMHERST, lTr>0. 

(iENERAL AMHERST. NAMES OF TAX-PAYERS ON THE 

FIliST TAX-LIST. CHARTER, AS REVIVED 7 JANUARY, ITtil'. 

The lirsl meeting" ul the |U()|iriet()rs of Siiiilii-<iaii Wf.sl 
was held at Salem, 17 .) iil\ . lT-')4. At this mcetiiig ('ajtt. 
lieiij. Potter, Ca]il. K'idiard .Mnw er. ami .Mr. haiiici Knmev, 
weie ajuioiiited a committee " to tal<e a J'eitieiilar view of 
ye sciiciimstances of sM Township, and make l{e|M)il lo ve 
Society of (Jrantees at their ad joui'iiniriit on thr second 
tnesday in Seittemljcr ne.\t."' 

They were aiitliorizetl to enipioy a sui-veyor, and siicli 
|>ih)ts as might be necessary, at the e.\[iense of the j>ro- 
prietors. 

Cajtt. Kichai'd Mower, Messrs. ('orneliiis Tarhle, Ebenezcr 
Raynient. dcrcniiah (Jatchel, and Daniel Keiiney, were 
a|)|ioiiitiMl a coiiiniiltcc to snli-di\id(' t he tow iishi(i. ('a|it. 
nenjamin I'otter, .Mr. John i)i.\l»e, and Ensign Tii(»nias 
Tarbox, were added to this committee at a subse<inent 
meeting. 

Aiiotlier meeting of" the iiroprietors was hehl at Salem, 
13 Angust, 1734, at wliicli William Collins was elected 
projjrietors' clerk; C'a|)t. Ivjchanl Mowii-, .Messrs. .John 
Trask, Ebenezer Rayment, Stephen iVabody, and .Irrmiiah 
(Jatchel, prmlential connnittec : and ('apt. llcnjaniin 
Potter, treasnrer. 

'J'he piiidi'iitial conunittee was ilircrtcij to I'l'ctily all 
mistakes in the luimes of the proprietors, as given in the 
list, and to lay the saini; before fhi' (Jeneral L't^nrt, if they 
thonght pidjicr. 

10 September, 1734, the pro[»rict(n's mn lo hrar the 
report oi their viewing- committee, bnt the committee had 
been disai>pointed by the surveyor tliey liud engaged, and 
were not prepared lo make a inll report. They reported 



28 HISTORY OF AMHERST. [Chap. 

v^erbally that " they had been on the land and found it well 
timbered/' 

After some discussion it was voted, " that the township 
be sub-divided this fall, as soon as may be/' 

The committee was directed to lay out sixty acres to 
each proprietor, for his or her hrst or home lot, what was 
wanting in quality to be made up in quantity. It was also 
voted that should any large quantities of meadow be found, 
it sliould be left to the consideration of the committee 
whether to include the same in the lots, or reserve it for the 
benefit of the whole society. 

Collectors were appointed in each town to collect the 
assessments ordered to defray the expenses of the Society. 

At a meeting, held 8 January, 1734-85, the proprietors 

" Voted, that the first sixty proprietors that shall and Doe each of 
them build and tinish. a Dwelling house of eighteen feet square and 
seven feet studd, and clear two acres of Land titt for mowing or plow- 
ing, and actually live on the spot, and perform the same within three 
years from the date hereof, they and each of them shall be Intitled 
to draw out of ye said proprietors' Treasury the sinn of six pounds." 

A committee was chosen to hear all persons that had any 
disputable claims to any rights in the township, and make 
report of their opinion to the Society as soon as might be. 

"Voted, tliat Capt. Richard Mower have Liberty to draw ye Lott 
No. 21, he Building a couveiuent House of Entertainment, and fence 
in a pasture of six or eight acres of land, and provide a sufficient ferry 
Boat to transport any of the Proprietors over Soiihegan River, and 
performe the same within eighteen months from the Date hereof." 

An auditing committee was appointed, and it was voted 
that ''the Lotts Nos. 87, 88, and 89, should lye by for the 
present, to make good for the three lots — viz., one for the 
hrst settled minister, one for the ministry, and one for the 
school/' 

A committee was appointed to confer with the committee 
of the proprietors of Souhegan East, No. 5, about building 
a bridge over Souhegan river, and report at the next 



IV.] SOUHEGAN WKST. 



00 



meotino: of the itf(»|»ri('t()rs. CS(»iiln'<:;iii M:ist. No. .">. mIici- 
warc] l^edtord, ;is at lirsl ui-:iiito(l, cxtciHlfd t<t Soulicjiiii 
river. ) 

ronipliiiiit Ii;i\iiiL;' Iicrn mnilr liv smiif tli;it miiiiy nt the 
lots laid niit li\ tlic coiiiiiiiMcf •• wci'f imt so 'jond as dtlicrs, 
foi' want <it ((iialitN.'" and t lid'clorc nut 111 tu srlilr nn. Iiy 
means w lici'cot' niiirli daniaLif luiiilit arciiir t(i sunn' <it ye 
proiii'ictors. it was 

■' Votfil. tlial iMcli l'i(i|)riot<)r shall liavi' tin- lilu'ity. if ln' st-c cause. 
t(i excliain;t' his I.ott or I^otts In* (jiiittiiii; his Hiuht to sucli I.ntt as 
ho shall draw, to all the I'roinietnrs. it liy takiiii;' other LotI or Lotts 
in tlu' Room of s'd Lotts in any of tlif Lands within tin- 'I'ownship. 
I'rovided they are not more in Xnnd)er than tin' I.iilt> In- or Ihry >hall 
Qnitt to the Proprietors, and I'rovided. also, that they or he shall lay 
out no more than sixty aeres to each Lott. & half a ndle in leni;lh and 
sixtv rods in liredth. as the other Lotts are now laid ont. Knrlher- 

re. Provided, tliat ye Lotts so exclianjjed shall he laid ont at ye 

owner's cost, witlnn one year from the Date hereof. & said Lotts to he 
sufficiently batted Sc hounded, and a Heturne tlierof made to the Clerk 
of ve s'd Society. c*<^ hee to make an eiit ry in the proprie'rs' hook, to 
whom and hy whom thay ware Laid out. with the Huts & Hounds." 

The lots laid out hv the eonmiittcc apftoar tn have lit-en 
drawn by the pro))rietors at this llleetiIlL^ as we find it 
was 

"Voted, that tlie Clerk Keeord all liie \.,,\{> that have l.eeii Drawn 

in tlie Society's Book of Keconls to the several persons that have 1 n 

allowed to draw the same, witli their names." 

Tt was also 

'•Voted, that the Cl.'rk lake .'are of those Lotts that are not drawn. 
& tliat the several persons to whom they heloni,' have liherty to lie|>air 
to s'd Clerk and draw their lie^i-ective Lotts. Ihev i.ayim: the Uat^'.s 
or Dues set on s'tl Lotts. 

Ill the iollowiiiLi- list, the nann-s i»t the prnprietors, the 
towns to which they Ix Innired, and the luimber of tin- lot 
drawn by each, are given. A * placed before a lot siiiiiilie.s 
that it was afterward exchani^ed for another. Names iu 



30 HISTORY OF AMHERST. [Chap. 

SMALL CAPITALS are those of the surviving soldiers and 
officers who were in the fight at the Narraganset fort, 
December, 1675. 

ANDOVER. 

*104. John Ballard, for his father, John Ballard. 

87. William Ballard, for his father, Nath'l Ballard. 

*103. Ebenezer Barker. 

108. James Fry. 

38. John Parker. 

*106. Rev. Andrew Peters, for his father, Andrew Peters. 

*30. Samuel Phelps. 

56. John Presson. 

44. Ebenezer Tyler, for his father, Samuel Tyler. 

BEVERLY. 

*59. Henry Bayley. 

*79. Henry Blackfield, and his assigns. 

12. Jonathan Byels. 

71. Lott Connant. 

24. Andrew Dodge, for John Elinwood. 

48. Jonathan Dodge, for John Dodge. 
*60. William Dodge's heirs. 

80. Ralph Elinwood. 
106. Samuel Harris's heirs. 

7. Joseph Morgan, for his father, Joseph Morgan. 
*102. Joseph Picket, for his father, Elias Picket. 
110. Thomas Payment. 
*97. William Rayment's heirs. 

51. Christopher Read. 

BOXFORD. 

50. John Andrews, for his father, Robert Andrews. 

*47. John Bixbe, for his father, Joseph Bixbe. 

95. James Curtice, for Francis Jeffreys. 

19. Stephen Peabody, for his father, Stephen Peabody. 



IV.] souiiF-CAN \vf:st. ^1 

IIRADFOIM). 

4. IclinliiHl r.uyiitiiii. lur his l;it lirr. Julm HnNiitnii. 

CIIA'I'II AM. 
34. Robert NiclKilson. toi- his hiihcr. \\'illi;iiii \ichnls<iii. 

FAL.Mol Til. 
42. Philip Dextkr. 
62. JosKPii ITatch. 

cr.OTTKSTKR. 
72. John Day. 
i')7. luiwARD Harrington. 
64. Samuel Ingersoll. 
08. Jacob Row, for hi.s father, irpiii'v Row. 
76. Samuel Stevens, lor Isaac IvUerv . 

LYNN. 
103. Thomas Rakei!. 

*1S. Ji.liu RaHanl, for his fathrr, John I5:ilhir<l. 
100. Willi;iin I>asset, for his i^rand-fathci-, ^VilliaIu r.;issel. 

72. ^fit-had Rjowdeu, for his I'ather-in-hiw, Julm Hjivis. 

4'J. 'I'iiiKithy Breed, for his hither, Timothy Ihced. 

92. Ebeuezer Rurrill, for his Itrother, John Rurrill. 
*78. Ebeuezer Rurrill. Jr., for his uM':iud-f;itlii'r. J()sc|ih 
Mansfield. 

6"). Henry Collins. 

3i\ William Collius, fjr his hrnthcr, Josr|.h Collins. 

*(!. Ruth Driver, for her father, Robert Driver. 

2'J. Samuel p]nMoNs. 

91. Joseph Parr, for his father, .loseph Farr. 
"^17. Jos('|ih Farr, for his father-in-law. John Lindsry. 
11<». John Farrinjrton, for his father, John Farrin.i2:ton. 
107. Samuel Graves, for Ids father, Samuel (Jraves. 
*3n. Joseph Haven, for his father, Jose|)h Haven. 

00. Jonathan Johnson, for his father. 



32 HISTORY OF AMHERST. [Chap. 

32. Richard Johnson, for his father, Samuel Johnson. 
*80. p]dmond Lewis, for his father, John Lewis. 

21. Richard Moor, for his father, John Moor. 
8. John Newhall. 
111. Samuel Newhall, for his uncle, Samuel Farrow. 
*31. Eenjamin Potter, for his father, Robert Potter. 

20. Benjamin Ramsdell, for his father, AquillaRamsdell; 

36. Robert Rand, for his father. 

73. Samuel Tarbox's heirs. 

16. Andrew Townsend's heirs. 

MARBLEHEAD. 

41. Jeremiah Gatchel, for his uncle, John Gatchel. 

*28. William Hind. 

68. Joseph Majory, for his father, Joseph Majorv. 

52. Thomas Martin, for Doctor Knott. 

26. Richard Shapley, for his father, David Shapley. 

25. Joseph Sweat, for his brother, Stephen Sweat. 

85. Jonathan Wolcot, for his father, John Wolcot. 

READING. 

40. Thomas Bancroft, for his father, Nich's Lum. 
22. John Bowtel, for his father, John Bowtel. 

SALEM. 
109. John Abbot. 

51. Thomas Bell. 

46. John Bullock, for his father, John Bullock. 
*14. William Curtis, for his father, William Curtis. 

86. John Elwell, for his father, John Elwell. 
*94. John Flynt, for his father, Thomas Flynt. 
*13. William Fuller, for his father, Thomas. 

33. Habakkuk Gardner, for his uncle, Capt. Joseph Gard- 
ner. 
^101. John Gloyd, for his father, John Gloyd. 
^105. John Harradaway's heirs. 



rV,] RODHEGAN WKST. 33 

112. K.luiinl ir..His's lioirs. 

on. JoSKlMI IIoi.TON. 

3. .I(isc|)li I liitcliinsDii, for liis f;itlirr. .Inscpli Iliitcliin- 

SOII. 

*1<ll!. Tlionias Kciicy's heirs. 

77. Jonathan Lamfjert. 

6(). TlKJiiias riiiskiii, for his father, 'I'imothy Laskiii. 

o3. Samuel ^ranninir, for his iinele. Xii-hohis Mamiiiit;. 

45. Fi/ckiel ^[arsh, for his father, Adam (Johl. 

Si. .lMii,ith;iii Marsh, for his lat iier-iii-hiw. .Inhii Iloss. 

11. .lerciiiiah Xeai, for his lather, .lereiiiiah Neal. 

1. William ( (shiirn, for his father, \\'illi:im Oshtini. 

(■>'.'. Samuel l*iek\vortirs heirs. 

43. Joseph I'rinee. for his miele, Riehanl I'riiiee. 

10."). 'IMiomas Putnam, for his father, Thomas Putnam. 

()•'>. .Iiihn Ivahsdii. Inr his limther, Thumas I'alison. 

5. Nathaniel Soams, for his nneU', Joseph Suams. 

*83. John Tarble's lieirs. 

lo. .Idhn Ti-ask, for his father, William 'I'rask. 

*lnO. Jonathan \'eri-v. for his father. S;ininel \'erry. 

s('.\i{i;(»i:(U'(Jii. 

*37. John 11 \i:mo\. 

TOPSFli;iJ>. 

108. Josiah Clark's h.-irs. 

1<>4. 'I'homas Davis's heirs. 

*7<>. .Vhraham Fitts's heirs. 

I<i7. Jamos Ford's lieirs. 

!•. Josej)h llorriek, for his father. Joscjih Flerrick. 

i)5. John Ilutchins's heirs. 

Samuel Kneeland, for John ISrandoii. 

27. Samuel Kncclaud, for Robert ISrown. 

99. Sanuiel Perkins's heirs. 

*93. Zaccheus Perkins. 

*2. Moses Pingrebse. 
3 



34 HISTORY OF AMHERST. [Chap. 

23. Elihu WardwelFs heirs. 
*84. John WikFs heirs. 
74. Nathaniel Wood. 

WENHAM. 

58. Thomas Abbot, for his father, Thomas Abbot. 
*101. John Batclielder, for liis uncle, Joseph Batchelder. 
111. Elizabeth Fowler, for lier father, Richard Hutter. 
54. William Rogers and Thomas Perkins, for Joseph 
Perkins. 

YORK. 

10. Dennison Sargent, for his father, Andrew Sargent. 

1 May, 1735. In regard to the exchange of lots provided 
for in a vote passed at the last meeting, the proprietors 

" Voted, that it is to be underistood tliat any Proprietor, by virtue 
of that vote exchanging his Lott, shall not leave a smaller vacancy 
than 60 poles between that and the next adjoyning lot, excepting a 
foure pole way, Avhere it is necessary, and that no person so exchanging 
shall include in his Lott more than two acres of meadow; and that if 
any proprietor shall Lay out a Lott adjoining to ye River, s'd Lott 
shall not extend more than 60 poles upon s'd River." 

At this meeting the following re])ort of the committee 
appointed to sub-divide the township was received, accepted, 
and ordered to be placed on record. 

" We, the Subscriliers, being chosen & appointed to sub-divide and 
Lott out to •each proprietor, for their home Lotts. sixty acres, having 
respect to the quality of s'd Lotts. & to equalize the same according to 
our best Judgement : 

Pursuant whereunto, we have accordingly, by Sui-veyors and Chain- 
men Lnployed in that service, Laid Out one hundred and twenty 
Lotts, containing Sixty acres each, allowing two acres in every forth 
Lott for a by way, and also a range way, foure pole wide, between each 
Range, as will more fully appear on the face of the Plan herewith to 
be presented. We have Tndeavored to attend to our Directions in not 
laying out any Considerable quantity of Clear jNIedow in any one 
Lott, & as for Quallifying ye Lotts we thought it Impracticable, 



IV.] SOUHEGAN WEST. :).') 

especially coiisidcriii;; the season of ye vt-ar hfiii^ .sucli as irijiiired 
Dispatcli of yp Husiness. and we jiidpc it will Iw more for the iiitrest 
of ye Soricty to pciualizp the same in some otlu-r way. which they may 
think jiroiier at this meeting, or any other hereafter. 

HICIIAItl) M()\\i;i!. 

.IKK. (i.\'i( iii;li.. 

KHKNi; i; AYMKNT. 
DAMKI. KKNNKV, 
'IIIOM AS TAIII'.OX. 

coi.'XKLirs rAi;i'.i:i.i.. 

,1011 \ I'.I.XHK. 

Committee." 

R )l)ri-t II:ilc. Ksi|., (';i|it. Sti'|.lic|l I '•■;i I h ii 1 \ . ;iiii| I.icilt. 
Kl)t'll('/.fr l\'l\ IlK'Ilt . wvvv ;i|i|ii)iiitci| ;i (•(iililllittrc 

"To takea view of the tow nslii[>. and in tlw most commoilions place 
therefor F.,ay out :i jilaee whereon to i-rect the Piililic Meeting House 
for the worship of (K)]). \ a cnnvenieiit place for a Puhlic Burying 
place. \ An Other lor a Training lield. inarUing liie same hy UutUs 
and liuiinds \ that they doe More Over Lay out tlin-e home Lott.s of 
eipial (piantity and like form with ye Other l.,otts .\lreaily laid Out, — 
One to he ft)r the first settled .Minister, One for the .Ministry. iS: One 
for the .School, and in their return to make Distinctions, the l.,otts to 
be Hutted and l>ounded as aforesaid, and make return thereof to ye 
Clerk, that so he may recoi'd the same." 

Tliry were nlso din-ctt'd 

"To take a view of Souhegan Kiver. in Order to find out ye mcst 
convenient place to Hnild a Bridge over the same. iS: make report to ye 
Society at their next meeting." 

Till- i('|iiirt 1)1' this cuiniiiit t(M' wu.s rt'cordcd li\ the clfrk, 
4 .luiif. 17-55, as follows : 

•The Com'tee to lay out a place for a Meeting IIou.se, Training 
field. Burying place. iSc parsonage. Minister & School Lott, &c.. Laid 
out foi- the .Meeting house place. Burying place & Training field, A 
track of Land Joyning Easterly to ye head of ye Lotts Xo. KIS. IfiJ), 
& 1U>. lying .Foyning .southerly to .\ndrew Balche's Lott. Containing 
thirteen acres & 140 jierch. lying X'orth & .South 74 jM-rch, Ea.st & 
West ;?0 perch. .\lso a Lott for ye Ministry, containing .Sixty acre.s, 
Bounded thus: Beginning att a Maple tree marked with l* & T., 



36 HISTORY OP AMHERST. [Chap. 

thence North, by ye afores'd Lott 74 rods, to a white pine marked 
with T. P & S, thence west 124 rods to an Arsh marked with P & M, 
thence South 74 rods to a white pine marked, s'd Balche's Corner. 
Also a Minister's Lott of Sixty acres, Bounded Southerly on a High- 
way, Lying North & South 124 rods, east and west 78 rods, the 
South west corner making ye same Bounds of the North East of ye 
s'd Ministry Lott, ye Highway Lying Between them, the foure corners 
marked with M. Also a School Lott containing sixty acres, Bound- 
ing Westerly to ye Ministers, Southerly to ye Ministry & Meeting 
house place. Easterly to ye heads of ye I^otts 109 & 110, the corners 
marked with S. 

[Signed] ROBERT HALE, p'r Order." 

The first settlement in the townsliip was probably made 
in the spring of 1735, l)y Samuel Lamson and Samuel 
Walton, from Reading, Mass. They settled at first about 
a mile south of the village, on the farm now owned by Mr. 
Bryant Melendy, where they built a log house. Both after- 
ward removed to other parts of the town, — Lamson to the 
westerly part, now Mont Yernon, where some of his 
descendants now reside. About 1765 he removed to Bil- 
lerica, Mass., where he died about 1779. 

Walton removed to the easterly part of the town, near 
Babboosuck pond. Of his subsequent history but little is 
known. His name appears occasionally on the proprietors' 
records, and is attached to the petition to the Provincial 
authorities in 1747, asking for help against the Indians. 
He is said to have died here, but none of his descendants 
reside in town, and for the last eighty years the name is 
not found on the town records. 

Lieut. Joseph Prince seems to huxe been the only one of 
the original proprietors who settled in the township. He 
was from Salem Village, now Danvers, and was a proprietor 
in the right of his uncle, Richard Prince. According to an 
old plan, still in existence, his land at one time extended 
from Bedford line westward to near where the village of 
Mont Vernon now stands. A family tradition says that he 
first located himself on the farm afterward owned by 



]\'.] S()1!iii:(;an wkst. :',7 

N;itli;m ;iihI I't'tiT .loiics, in .Mmit N'cninii, hiit kimommI 
tlit'licc tit tlif |il;iiM' now owned hy SoloiiKiii I'riiicc. in the 
eastt'iiy |i;irl <il AihIhtsI. ( M Iht scti Ids lulldu rd. imt Imij^f 
aftcrwartl, many ol thi-iii lioiu Sali-iu, mid the adjoiniii:^ 
towns whit'li onco iiiailf a |Mit itt thai aiiciciit tuuii.lnit the 
progress (if tlic scttlrnn'nt was sluu . In Si'iitrnilMT. 1711. 
I)nt t'oni'Icrn laniilics wne scttlfd in the tt)wnslii|i. 

Kllnrts were niadr li. tlic |in»|n-i('t(»rs to indnrc settlers 
to locate in the t()\\n>hi|i, and snnis of money were voted 
for that |ini-|iose : lait the distani'c t loni thesea|iorl towns, 
and the hardships attendini:- the li\esof setth'rs in a new 
settlement, |ire\ente(l a lapid -growth o| thi- |tlaee. The 
French and Indian Wars, which comnieneed a few years 
latei-. also operated nnfavoraldy to its proiiress. 

The lives of the lirst settlers in the New Hampshire 
townshijfs nnist have i)t'en a constant st riiLiulc for existence. 
Locating themselves on their lots at places where a supply 
of water could readily be obtained, they erected hnts of 
logs, or stones, to serve as a temporary shcltei-. iV'rhaps a 
brook, or |Mind. not far ilistaiit. afforded them an occasional 
meal, or a i>ear. or deer, came within I'cach of their trusty 
muskets. 

A settlei- in one of the Nari-aganset townships wrolc thus 
(d his tow n in its infancy : 

••A lu)W ling w iidt-nu'ss it was. w iicrc iid iikmi ilwfU. llic liideniis 
yells of wolvfs, tin- shrieks ol" ewls. thi- gt)l)hliii<is of tinkcys. and tlie 
harking of foxes, was all llif music we heard. .\ll a difaiy wasli- ami 
(•xpos.'d to a thousand (litliciiltifs." 

Against the nionarchs of the forest the settlers waged a 
war of extermination. In the hoi. dry days of summer and 
autumn, the lire aided them in their work. After their 
numiiers had increased, they joined their strength in piling 
the logs into hnge jiiles. which were set on lin- and con- 
sumed. 

The manufacture of pota>li fiom the ashes was oin-eipiite 
a business among them. 



38 HISTORY OF AMHERST. [Cliap. 

Rye was sown in the antumn on the cleared land, among 
the stumps and rocks, or corn was planted in the spring, 
from which, with a little care, aljundant crops were raised. 

8 September, 1735. The proprietors appointed Capt. 
Mower, Lieut. Rayment, and Cornelius Tarble, a committee 
to build a bridge over Souhegan river ; and they seem to 
have attended to the Inisiness at once, as we find that at a 
meeting held 13 October following, the proprietors ratified 
an agreement they had made with Mr. Tarble for building 
a good and convenient bridge over the river, for doing 
which he was to receive the sum of ninety -five pounds. 

It was probably built in the autunni and winter of that 
year, as we find the proprietors, at a meeting held 12 
April, 173(3, desiring Capt. Mower " to wait on Dunstable 
Selectmen, to Request them to lay out a Highway from 
Nashaway river to Souhegan Bridge, in the most convenient 
place;" and at a meeting held 27 December, 1738, they 
" voted, that the sum of ten pounds be raised toward build- 
ing a bridge over Nashua river, provided it be built in a 
convenient place for the proprietors of this township;" and 
the money was to be deposited in the treasury, to be paid 
when the work was satisfactorily performed. 

The building of a saw-mill was now in order; and, 19 
April, 1737, the proprietors 

" Voted, that Capt. Tves, Capt. Majory, Capt. Hicks, and ^Ir. 
Edward Bond, for the encouragement of building a saw-mill in 
Souhegan West, No. 3, upon a brook called Beaver brook, where it 
may be most convenient, shall have paid them, out of the Treasury, 
forty pounds in money or Bills of credit. Provided, that the said mill 
be fitted to saw by the first of Xovember next, and that shee shall be 
Kept in Good Repair, and to saw for the prop'rs to the halves, or 
Equi'lent to it, for the space of ten years from this date." 

A tax of <£120 was levied upon the proprietors, to pay 
the above grant and other charges, the same to be paid into 
the treasury by the first day of September following. 



I\'.J souni:(;AN- \vi;st. 39 

14 I'\'l)iiiar\ , 17^^7-;').S. 'I'lic |ii(i|iii('tni-s voted to Ii;ivo n 
second division ol' the hinil as soon a> niiiilii lie. and 
a|i|)ointed ("apt. .Iose|ili I'arker. of ( 'lieinisloid, linsi^n 
'rh(.)nias 'I'arliox. and l/ient. ( 'oi'nelins Tarhle, a eoimnittee 
to see it tlt)ne. 

'• Ni.t.-d. thai at't.T tlic ('(iiuillr have v.'w M tin- l:uiil tlicy an- to hiv 
(Jilt, it' tliev think it will not allow of more than (»() uoers. tlu-v are to 
make that tlie staiidanl. and wliat land is nifener to make it Kiiuiva- 
It-nt to tlie l>est (Id akers ; and that the C'omitte liave regard to llie 
nicdow. and lay it out as they i;<)e aloni;. iiieludiiiLC it in the tin akers." 

•• \ Oted. that the al>ove C'omitte shall lay out convenient ways lor 
till' i'ro|irictur> a> may he needful." 

11 .Inly, 17-hS. 'I'lie eoinmittee for dividing;" the town 
was eidai'ueil liy the addition nf Mr. .lohii Wiles and ('a|it. 
Mhene/ef Kaynieiit, and M\. .)ose|ih Kiehafdsoii was 
a|i|Mtiiiteil to sei\e in plaee oi ('apt. Joseph Pai'ker. 

Parties that had newly pitelie(l tlieii- lots wcce reipiired 
to have them surveved Ity the same snrveyof that the 
eoiuinittee em])loyed to make their snfveys. and present a 
plan of the same, with theif liiitts and hounds, to tlie 
committee, hefoie the tenth of Septemher next, at their own 
expense, they Iteinu: notified by the eonimittee. 

This committee made theif i'e|ioit, which was accepted 
ami (jrclercd to be recorded. I'T l>eeendiei-, 1T;>S ; and the 
lots were probably drawn i>y the proprietors at that meetintr, 
or at one held on the loth of .May followinir. 

SETTLEMENT OF THIC ItOrNDAIiV IJETWEEN M.VSSAC'HUSETTS 
.VND NEW HAMPSHIRE. 

hispntes haviiiLT arisen between the authorities of Massa- 
chusetts anil New I lain|ishire in reL^•lI•d to the boiuidary 
line between the I'rovinces, a commission, composed of resi- 
dents in some of the adjacent Trovinces, was appointed to 
adjust them. 



40 HISTORY OF AMHERST, [Chap. 

The claims of the parties were heard and discussed, and 
a decision rendered, from wliich the government of Massa- 
chusetts and the House of Representatives of New Hamp- 
shire appealed to the King in council, by whom a decision 
was made, 5 March, 1740, establishing the boundaries 
between the Provinces, which have remained substantially 
unchanged until the present time. 

By this decision, Souhegan West, and twenty-seven other 
townships, which had been granted by Massachusetts, with 
large quantities of ungranted land intermixed among them, 
became parts of New Hampshire. Parts of some of the 
old Massachusetts towns also fell under the jurisdiction of 
New Hampshire. 

Most of this territory also came within the limits of the 
Masonian Grant, the western line of which, it was claimed, 
c\:tended across the country in a curved line corresponding 
to the coast line, from a point on the eastern line of the 
State, sixty miles from the mouth of the Piscataqua, to a 
point On the south line, sixty miles from the mouth of the 
Merrimack. 

The claim of the Masonian proprietors was finally coii- 
ceded by the State authorities. By an act passed 28 June, 
1787, a straight line, running from one of the points named 
to the other, was declared to be the western boundary of 
the Masonian claim ; and all the unsold lands lying west 
of it and east of the curved line claimed by the Masonian 
proprietors, were sold to them for forty thousand dollars in 
securities, and eight hundred dollars in specie, all bona fide 
purchasers of land lying between the two lines previous to 
that time being quieted in their possession, so far as the 
State was concerned ; and Tliomas Bartlett, Dudley Odlin, 
and Archibald McMurphy, were authorized to make the 
transfer in behalf of the State. The line was run, in 1787, 
by Joseph Blanchard and Charles Clapham. 

20 May, 1740. Solomon Wilkins had leave to take up 
sixty acres of land adjoining the falls in Souhegan river, 



IV. J 



so i: 11 !•:(;. \N \vi:sT, 



the laud to la\ s(|iiaif. dii cdiKlit ion thai lie Imilt a \nnu[ 
•jrist-iuill iii'ai- the hills. kr|tt it in rr|iaii-. nml ;it ;i|| times 
SU|i|)li*'il the iiilialiiiaiits nf tin' ti>u iislii|) uilli iiumI lor iIk; 
lawful and ciistoinaiy toll, wlifu tliry l)|-uiiLilit t lirir corn to 
Ijc uroinid. Tlir Lirant w as to lie t'ortcitcil. in casi- lie slmuld 
tail to iiriiid and supply llir town with nu'.il lort liw it li. — 
unless ]»fevciitt'd l)V some cxt laoidinaiy casualty, — or it lie 
slionld wholly uu.ulcft t(t iziiiid toi- the sjiacc ot' ciuht 
months: hut, pfovidcd he i:avc au auswci- to t he clcfk hv 
the 20tli of Jiuie next followiuu-, aeceptiuu:; the conditions 
of the grant, and had the mill ready to grind l)y the tw«'n- 
tietli day of .May. 1741. in the meantime giving honds tor 
peri'orniance of the eoiitiact. the grant would hidd good. 

Wilkins seems not to lia\c acce|iteil the oiler, as, oO A|ifil. 
1741, it was 

" Voted, tliat tlie I'loprit^or.s will «;i\f tn .Mr. .Inlm Slicpurd One 
liuiidrcd and twenty acers ot" land, to lM'j;in at U illiani I'calio<ly's liin- 
and Hun down the Hiver to the Hottoni of the falls, and .soe wide as 
to make the hundred and twenty ai-ers on tlie c-i^ndition.s tliat llie 
si.\ty acers was voted to Sollinian Wilkins. as appeers l>y tlie record.s 
before; lie laiildiny a good (Jrist null ami a good Saw mill i>n .said 
Souhegan Hiver against the aforesaid lan<l. ami to finish llieni l>y tlie 
last of Novendter next, and Keep them in good rejiair for the use of 
said Proprietors, he giving a l)ond to our 'i'ressurer to comply with the 
sanu' forthwith, lie having lilierly to t'ut .such wliilc Okr 'i'iiul.er tor 
the mill as lie wimls and li{i' n"l d' Iiis dwii." 



.Mr. Shepanl was from Coneoid, .Mass. lie accepted the 
grant. Imilt the mill, and hecame a usefid and honored citi- 
zen of the town. 

.\t the same meeting they voted that they would hiiihl 
a hridge o\er Souhegan river, and ajipointed ('apt. Samuel 
Bancroft, ('ajit. Thomas Tarliox, and Joshua Hicks, a com- 
mittee to say where it sli(»uld he Imilt, and gel it done. 

They also " voted, that they will give noe encouragement 
to a hlacksmith to .settle among them:" hut they soon 
thought hetter of it. for liJ .May, 1745, tlicy "voted, that 



42 HISTORY OF AMHERST. [Chap. 

they will give encourao-eineiit for a blacksmith to settle with 
them, and that Capt. Parker, Lieut. Prince, and Mr. Lamson, 
be desired to agree with a good smith to settle with them," 

14 April, 1742. The township, having by the settlement 
of the boundary line between the Provinces, come under the 
jurisdiction of New Hampsliire, the proprietors probably 
felt some anxiety that their titles — derived from a grant 
made by Massachusetts — should be recognized by the 
authorities of New Hampshire. Accordingly, Epes Sargent, 
Esq., Mr. Joshua Hicks, and Mr. Timothy Fuller, were con- 
stituted a committee to wait upon the Governor and Coun- 
cil of New Hampshire, and it was voted tliat the committee 
should be paid for their time and charges by the proprie- 
tors. To this last vote Capt. Ebenezer Rayment entered 
his dissent. 

For some reason, the proprietors refused to pay the bill 
presented by the committee, 10 February, 1743-44 ; also, at 
the meeting held 30 January, 1744-45. 

22 April, 1745, they voted that they would not allow so 
mucli to Col. Sargent and Mr. Hicks as the Canada pro- 
prietors did Col. Blaney and Capt. Epes for going to New 
Hampshire. Finally, 16 July, 1746, they voted that Col. 
Sargent's and Mr. Hicks's two accounts, amounting to £34, 
9s, 3d, old tenor, be allowed, and paid them. 

22 May, 1745. The proprietors took action in regard to 
laying out highways, and appointed Joseph Prince, Samuel 
Walton, and Capt. Parker, a committee for that purpose, 
and instructed them to lay out no ways except in places 
where the owners would give the land for the purpose. 

They voted that the ways should be mended by a rate, 
and appointed William Bradford, Deacon Hobbs, and 
James Coffren, surveyors for the year (1745). These seem 
to have been the first surveyors of liighways appointed in 
the township. 

At a meeting held 16 July, 1746, the proprietors voted to 
dismiss an article in the warrant calling the meeting " To 



I\\] ROrHEGAN WEST. 43 

sec if llicy would l)iiil(l one luilf, or ;iii\ |i:irt, of :i l)i-i(lf;e 
(>\('i- tilt' ii\ci' lit SlK'icird's mills. iiicMsc I5ciij:iiiiiii Hopkins 
would liilild one liiill ot t lie suiiii'."" 

.Mav not the town o| .Millnrd lia\c rcccixcd its name iVoni 
the lact that lor sonic years the inlialiitants of Mmison, 
afterward a pait of \ni\\cvst,furclc(l iIiciImt to hriii^f their 
grists to mill, from \s liidi arose the name Milford ? 

As the sixty families re(|nired In the ^raiit hail not 
settled in the townshij), the |iro|irietors \oted. at a meeting 
held 11 Mareh, lT4t;-47, 

"Tliat they will ohusc a roinittee to git an obligation tlniwn ^: sul>- 
scrilM'il, that shiill olilii;!' at least sixty fanialies, with them that are 
aln-ady there, to sutle InniuMJiali'lv, or gitt snni to setle thiTc for them, 
agreeahle to the grant." 

'•\'otc(l. lor the C'omitlfi'. ('a|il. Kainiinl. Dr'coii TarMc \ iUil)ert 
Andrew." 

At a meeting lield 8 Novend)er. 1747, the |»r(»|irietors 
apjiointed ra|»t. Kbi-nezer Parker, Deacon Tarlde. ('ajtt. 
Josejih Kichardson, Samnel Walton, and William Kiadford, 
on a committee to lay out the nndi\ idecl lands, and instructed 
them to have I'cgard to the goodness id the hind and 
nn-adows. and (|nalily the sann' ; and they wer<' desired and 
em|i iw ci-eil to u'et such assistance as was neeilfnl. and get 
the woik done as soon as might t»e. 'I'ln-y were also to lay 
out nicdfiij iiKids. This eommittee |iresented their rejioi-t 
at a meeting of t he |iro|irictors held •'^ l-'eitrnai'y . 174'^-4".'. 
which was sworn to itelore Col. Sargent ; and those of tlie 
|iro|trietors |M'esent who hail |>aid all dues and assessments 
on theii' shai'cs. drew their third di\ision lots. 

.Vn aiticje in the warrant calling this meeting. "To see 
if they will huild the half of a Ihidge, at Cajtt. Shepard's 
mills, over the Souhegaii ri\er. when Monson people will 
hnild the other half."" was dismissed. 



44 HISTORY OF AMHERST. [Chap. 

OLD, MIDDLE, AND NEW TENOR BILLS. LAWFUL, AND STERLING 

MONEY. 

Bills oi' credit were issued, from time to time, by the 
authorities of the Province of Massachusetts for tlie pay- 
ment of expenses incurred in the military expeditions 
undertaken by tluit Province. The tirst of these bills were 
issued to defray the expense of the expedition for the 
reduction of Canada, in 1690, and they went into circulation 
as a part of the currency of the Province. In 1749 between 
two and three million pounds were outstanding, the oldest 
being known as old tenor, those of a later date as middle, 
and new tenor, bills. All had depreciated in value, the old 
tenor bills to such an extent that sixty shillings in bills 
would purchase only six shillings and eight pence in silver. 
The middle and new tenor bills had not depreciated so 
much, but the value of all was perpetually changing and 
uncertain, — a plague to their inventors and the people who 
used them. 

An account of the troubles of the royal governors in their 
efforts for the suppression of these bills is given in the 
following scrap, the authorship of which is attributed to 
Richard Waldron, for a long time one of the Councillors in 
New Hampshire : 

" Shute shot his bolt, but missed his aim ; 
Then took his flight, and left the game. 
Burnett, his skill superior, tried ; 
But failing, laid him down and died. 
/Then, said the King, ' Let Belcher try 
To crush the cm-sed crn'rency. 
11' his art be used in vain, 
DelusiA'e paper be their bane, 
And, for to make the case still worse, 
Shirley's deceit augment the curse.' " 

Finally, in 1749, a law was enacted, providing for the 
redemption of these bills in silver money at the rate of 6s., 
8d. in coin, or bullion of sterling fineness, for 50s. of old. 



IV.J SOUHEGAN WEST. 4o 

and tlio samo for lis.. 8d. in middle and now tonor hills. 
Sj);niisli milicil dollars, of full wciuht, woro reckonod at 6s., 
and it was i.i'ovid.'d tliaf, after 81 March, IToO, the hills 
sliould cease to })ass as eurr(MU'V, and that all accounts 
should thereafter l)e kci)t in silver money, reckonin<^" silver 
hullion,of s(<"rliim- fineness, at 6s., 8d. per ounce, and Sj)anish 
milled dollars, of full weight, at 6s. each. This was the 
"Lawful money" of the fathers, 20s. of which e(|ualled 
•f3.33J — making one pound. In sterling money, a dollar was 
reckoned 4s., 6d., and one pound (Mpialled $4.44^-. 

To facilitate the redem])tion of the bills of credit, a grant 
of £180,000 was made by the home government to the 
Province of Massachusetts Bay, and the aniouut sent over 
in Spanisli milled dollars. The halance re(piired for tlieir 
redemption was raised by taxation in the Province. 

A 24 May, 1749, vot(Hl to dismiss the following article in 
the warrant, "To see if they will choose a Committee to 
treat with the claimers of Mason's rights, oi- any othei-s that 
lay claim to the said Sonhegan, and see on what terms we 
may be quieted in our jiossession, and make report tit the 
next meeting." 

Capt. Shepard, William Peahody, and .^aniuei Walton, 
were chosen a committee to (lis|)ossess William .Mauiiin<2- of 
a strip of land he had enclosed of Deacon Bowtle's. 

28 May, 1750, voted, in regard to an article in the war- 
rant, "To see whether they will chuse a committee to treat 
with Joseph Elanchard, Esq., as agent for tlie (daimers of 
Mason's patents, inasmuch as he has advertised the said 
Souhegan to be granted away by him," that they will not 
choose a committee to agree with Col. Blanchard. 

No settlement seems to have been made by the pi(tpric- 
tors with the Masonian company. 

17ol. OLD AND NEW STYLE. 

The Julian calendar, intn^duced l)y Jidii'is Ca-sar 46 
years B. C, continued in use in England and the English 



46 HISTORY OF AMHERST. [Chap. 

Colonics until 1752. By this, the Old style of reckoning, 
one of every four years, without exception, was reckoned as 
a leap year, making the average length of the years, 365 
days and 6 hours, or about 11 minutes and 10 seconds 
more than the solar year. This difference between the 
length of the civil and the solar years had, in 1582, accumu- 
lated so that it amounted to al)out ten days, — the vernal 
equinox, wliich should fall u])on the 21st day of March, in 
that year, falling upon the 11th. This variation in dates 
disturbed the regularity of the church festivals, and Pope 
Gregory XIIl, after much study, ordered ten days to be 
stricken from the calendar, the fifth day of October, 1582, 
being reckoned as the fifteenth ; and to prevent a recurrence 
of the difficulty it was ordered that the closing year of a 
century should be reckoned as a leap year, only when it 
could be divided by 400 without a remainder. This, the 
Gregorian calendar, or New style, was adopted shortly after 
in most Catholic countries. 

In England, owing to the hatred existing against the 
Catholics, its adoption was postponed. J'ifially, i\i -1751*;* *' 
another day having been added in 1700, which was reckoned 
a leap year, an act was passed by the Parliament which 
directed that eleven days should be stricken from the 
calendar in the month of September, 1752, the day follow- 
ing the second day of that month being reckoned as the- 
fourteenth, so that the year 1752, though it was a leap year, 
contained but 355 days. The provision for avoiding a 
recurrence of the trouble was also adopted. The civil or 
ecclesiastical year, before that time, began on the twenty- 
fiftii day of March, — March being reckoned as the first 
month of the year, although by common usage the year was 
said to commence on the first day of January, as at present. 
Hence the double dating, in old records, of events that 
transpired prior to the 25th of March, in years previous to 
1752, both the common and civil years being given. This 
distinction was abolished in 1751. 



IV.] sou H EG AN WEST. 47 

At prost'iit. Ilic .liiliaii ("ilciiihii-. m- nM st\ Ir. i> nsrd niily 
in Ru^siii, ami ISdO lia\iiiL; tlirrc Im-cm rfckniifil as a It-ap 
/^Tai". the (lirtciciirc lictwcni tlicir dalrs ami uiirs m>u 
aniiitiiits tut w rl\ (• (lays. 

•_*ti Sc|it('iuli('l'. IT'")-'), tlir |M-<i|)ri('tnis \otci| that tlifii' 

CnlinilittOO 

■'•May: 1, lay out a Hoail from Salem ("aiiatly t<i ("a]>t. Slii'panl's 
hridn't' ; "J, a Hoad from Ilc/fUiali l.ovcjoy's to the iiH'i-tiiiL( liousc ; :l. 
a Koail from .losiali SauyiM-'s to tlw iiicctiii.i; liousi- ; }, a KoacI from 
Thomas Clark's to tin- mi't'tiii*;' lioiisc ; ."). a Uoad from tin- mcftinij 
house to Capt. Slu'panl's mill: (i, a Koail from Small's to the mcftiii;^ 
hou.se, with a road from William I'caKody's into saiil Hoad. all to lie 
dun as the Committfe tlniik litt." 

" Voati'd. tiiat there >hall In- a Hoad laid out. four rods widr, from 
Ebiuezer l.yon'^ Imuse to his Hrid^e. so ealled." 

"Voateil. tlial tln-y will huilil a Uridine over SDU^ln^^-aii Hivt-r. 
wheare Lyon's Hridj^^e \va>. ami appointed Mr. Lyon. Mr. I'ovvnf. and 
Mr. Head, the Connuittee to huild it." 

'• \'ot'(l. to allow ('ai>t. Shepard and others eighty poumls. old 
tenor, towaiil huildiu'^ tin- hrid'.;!- calli'il Shc]ianrs KridLre." 

In 17."):) the tollowiiii:' petition tur iiicni-p<ir;itiiiii as a town 
was pr('sente<l t<) the Governor and Coiincil Ly the citizens 
ot" Sonlieu'an West. 

•• 'I'o Ilis Kxelency tlif Ooverner :nid tn thr HonoriiKli- tln' Council 
of thr I'rovinee of New Ilampshirr : 

'I'liis hinnlily slio \fiii tli:il wc. the suliserihers, Inlndutants of a 
New IMantation or 'rownship called Sonj;he,i,^an West, or N'arra,i(anset. 
No. :], iM'ini;- Invironeil with many irri'midiMe dilKeulties under our 
present situation, as th- Haver will inform, earnestly jiray that his 
Kx(deney with your Ilon'rs would incorporate us. that wi- nui,dil 
enjoy the valualde Liherties and priveledges of a Town, and would 
Hen that the Charter of the Town may liouud us Westerly on the 
Township inlied Sal'-m Caaaihi. Northerly on Xew Boston, so callefl. 
Easterly on Hedfonl and i>.irl of Merrimack, Southerly on Soutrhei^iin 
Hiver. so calleth .Vll which is hunddy suhnulted to your Kx«dleneies 
and Honours' wise Council, as we in Duly Hound shall ever ]>ray. 

hateil at Sougheiran West. Jainiary ye 'Jtilh. \7'y-\. 
Signed l>y 
I.eiiKAiM Ahhott. Josiaii .\lUlOT. 

-lusiii A AnnoT. AxnuEw Hi.\i»k. 



48 



HISTORY OF AMHERST. 



[Chap. 



Joseph Boutell, 
William Bradfokd, 
Benjamin Cheever, 
Joseph Clark, 
Ebenezek Ellinwood, 
Ebenezer Ellinwood, Jr., 
Joseph Ellinwood, 
John Ever don, 
Solomon Hutchinson, 
Samuel Lamson, 
Samuel Lamson, Jr., 
Ben.jamin Love.joy, 
Ebenezer Lyon, 
Robert Read, 



Hugh Ross, 
Josiah Sawyer, 
Andrew Seetown, 
John Smith, 
Joseph Steel, 
Samuel Stewart, 
William Stewart, 
Caleb Stiles, 
Robert Stuard, 
Ben.jamin Taylor, 
Israel Towne, 
Ben.jamin Wilkins, 
Daniel Wilkins, 
Daniel Wilkins, Jr. 



No action seems to have been taken upon this petition. 

Prices of sundries in 1759 : from an old l)ill found among 
papers left by Rev. Mr. Wilkins ; 



17 Feb., i lb. tea, 

6 Sept., 1 lb. chocolate, 
2-2 Nov., i lb. tea, 
25 Dec, 1 Gallon rum, 



16 s. 

4 s. 

30 s. 

34 s. 



A Spanish milled dollar was reckoned at forty-five shil- 
lings, in the currency of those days. Tea seems to have been 
used to a considerable extent at this time. Tradition says 
tliat the hrst seen in town was sent by a friend, in Boston, 
as a present to the minister, whose good wife, being igno- 
rant of the proper method of preparing it for use, boiled it 
in an iron kettle or pot until she thought it was done, when 
the mess was dipped out and the liquor " sipped of," with 
no very satisfactory results. She doubtless soon found a 
more excellent way of prcpaving it. 

Its use was deemed almost a crime during the Revolu 
tionary War, and the leaves of various other plants were 
used as substitutes. 



IV.] TOWN OV AMHERST. }9 

INCORI'OHATION OF' TIIK TOWN OF AMHERST. 

Til niiswcr to a ix'titioii of the iiiliahilaiiis of Soiiliopan 
West, pia villi;- that tliov miulit lie iiic(»r]i(irat(>(l as a town, 
(1()\. Went w lilt li. with tlic ai|\icc ami coiisi-iit of the Coiiii- 
cil, u'l'aiitnl till' f(ill(>\viii<^- cliartcr: 

"PROVIXCE OF NEW II.VMPSHIRE. 

Georpo tlio Si'cf)ii(l. l>y the Grace of Cux], of (\v<-.\\ Britain. Fraiict", 
and Ireland, Kiiifj. IVfciider of the Faitli, 
'Yn all to wliniii these Presents sliall come. 

(Ireetinp: 

Wherea.s. our Loyal Sul)jects, Inhabitants of a Tract of Land within 
our Province of New Hampshire, known liy the name of Souhegan 
West, on tlie western side of Merrimack, have huniMy petitioned and 
re(iueste(l us tliat tliey may he erected and Incorporated into a Town- 
ship an<l Infranchised with the same powers and privile},'es which 
(ithir Towns witliin mir said Province l)y law have and enjoy, -^nd 
it appearinjf to us to lie conducive to the general good of our said 
Province, as well as of the said Inhabitants in particular, by main- 
taining good order and encouraging the culture of the land, that the 
same shoidd be done. Know Ye, therefore, that we, of our special 
Grace, certain knowledge, and forHhe encouragement and promoting 
tliegood ends aforesaid, Hy and with the advice of our trusty and well 
beloved lienuing Went worth, F,s(i.. our Governor and Commander-in- 
chief, ami of our Council for said province of New Hampshire, Have 
erected, and ordained, and by these Presents for us, our lieirs and 
successors. Do Will and ordain that the Iidiabitants of the Tract of 
land aforesaid, and who shall inhabit and improve thereon hereafter, 
llie same being Butted and Bounded as follows: viz.. Beginning at 
Souhegau Biver, thence runiiiug north \° west on the townships of 
Merrimack ami BrdlOiil >i\ miles, thence running west on Beilfonl 
and a tract of land called Xew Boston six miles, thence South about 
tive nnles and a half to Souhegau River aforesaid, thence by said 
Biver to the place where it began : Be, and hereby tire, declared and 
ordained to be a Town Coi-porate, and are hereby erect<'d and Incor- 
porated into a body Politic and Corporate, to have contintiance until 
the tirst of January, 17G2, by the name of .Xmherst. with all the 
Powers and .\uthorities. Privileges, Immuinties, ami Franchises, 
which any other I'own^ in said Province by Law hold and enjoy, to 
the said iidiabitants. or who shall hereafter iidiabit there, and their 
successors for said term ; always reserving to us, our Heirs and Suc- 
4 



50 HISTORY OF AMHERST. [Chap. 

cessors, all White Pine trees that are or shall be found growing and 
being on said tract of land fit for the use of our Royal Xavy ; Reserv- 
ing also to us, our Heirs and successors, the power and the right of 
dividing said town, when it shall appear necessary and convenient to 
the Inhabitants thereof. Provided, nevertheless, and it is hereby 
declared, that this Charter and Grant is not intended, and shall not 
in any manner be construed to extend to or effect the Private Property 
of the soil within the limits aforesaid. And as the several towns 
within our said Province aforesaid are by the laws thereof enabled and 
authorized to assemble and, by the majority of voters present, to 
choose all such officers and transact such affairs as are in the said 
laws declared : — We do by these presents nominate and appoint Lieut.- 
Col. John Goffe to call the first meeting of said Inhabitants, to be held 
within said town at any time within forty days from the date hereof, 
giving legal notice of the Time and design of holding such Meeting, — 
After which, the Annual Meeting in said Town shall be held, for the 
choice of Officers and the purposes aforesaid, on the second Monday 
in March, annually. 

In testimony whereof, we have caused the Seal of our Province to 
be hereunto affixed. 

Witness, Benning Wentworth, Esquire, Our Governor and Com- 
mander-in-chief of our said Province, the eighteenth day of January, 
in the Thirty-Third year of our Reign, and in the Year of our Lord 
Christ One thousand and seven hundred and sixty. 

B. WENTWORTH. 

By his Excellency's Command, with advice of Council : 

THEODORE ATKINSON, Sec'y. 



A meeting for the organization of the town, under the 
charter, was held at the meeting-house, 20 February, 1760, 
at which Coh John Goffe, who was appointed to call the 
meeting, read the charter. 

Solomon Hutchinson was chosen town-clerk, and was 
immediately sworn to the faithful execution of the duties 
of the office. 

Col. John Goffe was chosen moderator, and the town 
voted to acce])t the charter. 

Solomon Hutchinson, William Bradford, Reuben Mussey, 
Reuben Gould, and Thomas Clark, were chosen selectmen, 



IV.] TOWN OF AMHERST. 51 

David Ifartslioni and Xathan Kendall, lithinir-nicn. and 
the otlioi' usual town ofllccrs, were clcctrd. 

(ii'u. .Ii:i'i"in:v Amherst, fi-om wlmni tin- lown driivcd its 
name, was honi at Kivcrhcad, Ciamty of Kmit, England, 
29 January, 1717. lie early devoted himself to the pro- 
fession of arms, and received an ensitrn's commission at 
the age of fonrteen years. 

At the aire of twenty-five he was cniiaii'ed in the uuis in 
Euro]»(\ serviuLi' (tu the staff of Fiord Liironier. .Vi a iatci- 
({•ite he sei-\('(l n]\ tlie staff of the l)uke of Cumherla Mil. Ill 
1700 he was in command of a I'eiiiment of foot. In 17.').s 
he was a}»|)ointed to the American service, with the rank of 
major-general. Hesailed Irom Portsmouth, l']uu-..li> Maich. 
1758, with the forces destined for the siege of Lonishurg. 
That forti'ess surrendered on the sixth day of July following, 
and he speedily took possession of the whole of the island of 
Cape Breton. 

Soon aftei- this, lie sncceetled (ien. At»ercroml)ie in the 
command of the llritish foi'ces in North America. In 
Novemher, 1758, he planned and e.xecuteil the capture of 
Fort DuQuesne. The capture of Niagara and Ticiuideroga 
soon followed. Crown Point, on Like Cliamplain, was 
taken 14 Octohci-. 17.V.>. soon alter tiie compiest of Qnehec 
by Wolfe; and on the eighth day of Octolier, 17()<l, 
Montreal was suri'cndered to the Uritish forces. 

Shortly after this, he was made Covernor-Ceiieral of 
Canada. Knight of the I'.ath, Lieutenanl-Cenei-al, and a 
memlier of His Majesty's Privy Council. 

He resigned his command in America soon after the 
close of the war. in 17(>;'). :ind retiiruiMl to I"]u'jl;iud. 

In 1770 he became Covernor of (Jin-rnsey : was sworn of 
the Privy Council in 177:i : and in 1 77<> was advanced to 
the peerage, when he took the title of P.;irou Amherst, of 
Ilomesdale. in tin- County of Kent. In 17S7 he received 
another patent, as Baron AnduMst. of Montreal. From 
1772 to 1782 he acted as Commander-in-chief of the British 



52 HISTORY OF AMHERST. [Chap. 

forces. In 1782 he received tlie golden stick from the 
King. 

Upon a cliange in the administration, the command of 
the army was put into other hands, but in 1793 it was 
restored to him. In 1795 he was superseded in the com- 
mand by the Dulvc of York, then a young man, who had 
never seen any service. He was then offered an earldom 
and the rank of field-marshal, both of which he declined ; 
but in the following year he accepted the appointment of 
field-marshal. He died at his seat at Montreal, 3 August, 
1797. 

He was possessed of a collected and temperate mind ; 
had but little liking for show or ])arade ; was a strict dis- 
ciplinarian, but a friend to the soldier. He was twice 
married, but left no children, and his title and ' estates 
passed to a nephew. 

RESIDENT TAX-PAYERS IN AMHERST, SEPTEMBER, 1760. 

Ephraim Abbot, Benjamin Davis, 

Joshua Abl^ot, John Davis, 

Josiah Abbot, Benjamin Dresser, 

Ebenezer Averill, Ebenezer Ellinwood, 

Thomas Averill, Ebenezer Ellinwood, jr., 

Andrew Bixby, Jedediah Ellinwood, 

Joseph Boutele, Joseph Ellinwood, 

Kendal Boutele, Francis Elliott, 

Andrew Bradford, Elisha Felton, 

Samuel Bradford, Simeon Fletcher, 

William Bradford, Nathan Fuller, 

David Burns, Richard Gould, 

John Burns, Samuel Gray, 

Joseph Butterfield, David Hartshorn, 

Oliver Carlton, John Harwood, 

Benjamin Clark, Ephraim Hildreth, 

Joseph Clark, jr., Amey Hobbs, 

Thomas Clark, William Hogg, 

James Cochran, Ebenezer Holt, 

John Cole, Ebenezer Holt, jr., 

Jacob Curtice, J, Holt, 



IV.] 



TOWN OF AMHKRST. 



53 



Isaac How, 
Solomon llulcliiiisoii, 
William .Jones, 
Natliau Kt'iidall, 
fJonathau Lamsoii, 
Samuel Lanjsoii, 
Samuel Lamsoii, jr., 
William Laiioy, 
Alii jail I^ovt'joy, 
IV'iijamin i^ovejoy, 
llezekiah Lovejoy, 
Joseph Lovejoy, 
Kphraim Lund, 
Khenezer Lyon, 
-lonatlian Lyon, 
John McC'lcrnand. 
Timothy .Mclntirc, 
William Mclcndy, 
KculH'n Mussey, 
William Odall, 
John I'atturson, 
William Peabody, 
John Pettengill, 
Joseph Prince, 
Robert Kfad, 
Alexander Kobmson, 
Saniui'l Robinson, • 
Hannah Rollins, 
James Rollins, 
IIui;ii Ross, 
Amlrew Seaton, 
John Seaton, 
Samuel Seaton, 
Jolin Slicj.ar.l, 

One IuiiuIiimI and ten in nil. 



John Shcpard, jr., 
.loseph Small, 
John Smitli, 
Timothy Snnth, 
Joseph Steel, 
Caleb Stiles, 
Joliu Stuart, 
Robert Stuart, 
Sanuiel Stuart, 
Benjamin Taylor, 
Israel Towne, 
Israel Towne, jr., 
Mo,ses Towne, 
Thomas Towne, 
David Truel, 
Moses Truel, 
Caleb I'pton, 
Thomas Waketicld, 
William Wallace, 
Davis Walton, 
Reuben Walton, 
.John Washer, 
."^tt'[ih('n Washer, 
John \\ asson, 
Daniel Weston, 
Kbenezer We.ston, 
Khenezer Weston, jr., 
(ieorge Wiley, 
Amos Wilkins, 
Benjamin Wilkin.s, 
Dani(d Wilkins, 
Lucy Wilkins, 
William Wilkins, 
.Marv WiiUins, 



Aniuiiir lilt' hcuviest ta.\-i>ay('i-.s were Willinin rcnltddy, 
whose tux was £46. l«s., 3(1.: Nathan Kcnthill. £;'.'.•, 
lis., 0(1.: l.sraol Towne. C:'A. Is.. IM. : J.psrph IMince, 
£31, 7s., 'Jd.; and Jo-sepii Slrrj. CM). Ms.. :;d. A [...jl tax 
was £3, 7s., 6d. 



54 HISTORY OP AMHERST. [Chap. 

A regiment of eiglit liiindred men was raised in New 
Hampshire this year (1760) to serve in an expedition for 
the invasion of Canada. It was under the command of Col. 
John Goffe, and marched from Litchfield, through Monson, 
Peterborough, and Keene, to Charlestown, on Connecticut 
river, tlience they cut a road twenty-six miles, through the 
wilderness, to the Green Mountains, after which they fol- 
lowed the road cut the previous year by Stark and the 
rangers to Crown Point. They were forty-four days in 
cutting the road to the Green Mountains. A large drove 
of cattle, for the army at Crown Point, followed them. 

A severe drouglit prevailed in the year 1761, by which 
the crops were cut short in the frontier towns, and supplies 
of provisions had to be obtained from abroad. It is related 
that one of the settlers in Amherst, named Clark, walked 
from this town to Charlestown, Mass., and purcliased a 
busliel of corn from a vessel lying near the ferry. This he 
carried on his shoulder to Lovewell's mills, in Dunstable, 
where it was ground into meal, which he carried home on 
his shoulder. The whole distance out was about fifty 
miles. 

A tax of £561, old tenor, was assessed upon the tax- 
payers of Amherst this year (1761), as the town's proportion 
of the cost of the expedition to Crown Point in 1760, and 
the reinforcements sent there, and for the expenses of 
promoting and carrying on an expedition against His 
Majesty's enemies in North America. 

For the payment of this tax the following articles were 
to be received at the prices specified, the same being 
delivered to the Province treasurer at the expense of the 
owner : Bills of credit ; Spanish milled dollars, at 15s. 
each, new tenor ; gold and silver, in proportion ; good bar 
iron, at £3 per hundred weight ; hemp, at Is. per pound ; 
Indian corn, at 10s. per bushel ; pork, at 7d. per pound ; 
flax seed, at Is. per pound ; pease, at 10s. per bushel ; and 
codfish, at £1, 10s. per quintal. 



IV.] TOWN OF AMHERST. 55 

REVIVAL OF THE TOWN CHARTER. 

The charter of the town expirino: by limitation, on tlie 
first day of January, 1762, the following petition lor it.s 
renewal was forwarded to the Governor and Council by the 
selectmen : 

'•To Ilis Kxelency Bfnnino- Wentworth, Esqr., Governor in chief in 
and over His Majestie's I'rovince of New Hampshire, ami to the 
Honorable the Counsell. 

The ^Memorial of us, the Subscribers, the Select Men of the Town 
of Amherst, in Province aforesaid, Humbly sheweth that we, with 
the Lowest Sulnuission, Sollicitously pray that your Kxcelencv and 
Honours would lengthen out the life of the Charter of our Town; and 
we doubt not but your Excelency and Honours, in your Great wisdom 
and Clemency, will do it. during the Kuig's pleasure: and so your 
Memorialists, as in (hity Ixiuud, will ever pray. 

UKIU'KX Ml'SSKV. > Selectmen, 
T H < )S. \\' A K I-: 1" 1 1: 1 d ). !- iu bihalf of 
W 1 1. 1, 1 AM I'KAl'.ODV. ) tlw Town. 

Amiif.kst, I)('i-'r ye 15th, 1701." 

" N. l'>. We, the Subscribers, Selectmen of the Town of .Vndierst, 
Nominate and appoint Col. ,Iohn Goif, Es([r., to represent to his Kxel- 
ency the Governor and the Honorable Counsil our Memorial, above 
specified, to jirolong our Town Charter." 

The ])rayer of llie selectmen was graciously answci-ed by 
the royal (invcnior. in the name of his niastci', as follows: 

'•rUONIXCK OF NKW 1 1 A M I'M 1 1 UK. 

George the Thinl, by the Gi'ace of (iod, of (Jrcat Hritaiii, France, 
and Ireland, King, Defender of the Faith, &c. 

Whereas, our Late royal Grand-father, l\ing (Jeorge the Second, of 
Glorious memory, of his special (irace and upon the Petition of the 
Inhabitants of a Tract of Laud in our .said I'rovince of New Ham|>- 
shire, heretofore known by the Nan>e of Souhegan West, and for the 
maintainhig good order & encouraging the culture of the I.,and there, 
by his Letter Patent, or C barter, under the seal of our said I'rovince, 
Dated the 18th day of daii'ry, in the ."Wd Year of his reign, did erect 
and incorporate into a liody Politic, ami Corporate, hy the name of 
.Vmiikkst, the Inhahitants of the said Tract of Land, or those that 
should inhabit therein thereafter, which tract is butted and l)ounded 



56 HISTORY OF AMHERST. [Chap. 

as in the said Patent, or Charter, is expressed, and was to have con- 
tinuance till the first day of Jan'ry, 17G2, which Time being elapsed, 
and the Inhabitants having again petitioned to have the said Charter 
Privileges renewed, and it appearing necessary to answer the good 
End proposed, as well as to Enable the Inhabitants aforesaid to assess 
and collect their rates and Taxes, 

Know Ye, that We, being willing to promote the good End pro- 
posed, have of our Further Grace & Favor, By & with the advice & 
Consent of our Trustyj& well beloved Benning \^'entworth, our Gov- 
ernor & Conmiander m Chief, & of our Council for said Province, 
revived & regranted unto the said Inhabitants and their Successors 
on the s'd Tract of Laud all the Powers & Authority, Privileges, 
Immunities, & Franchises, in the said Charter mentioned, as they 
enjoyed the same while that Charter was in force, and to have con- 
tinuance imtil we thall please to Approve or disallow the same, and 
signify such our approbation or disallowance. 

In testimony Whereof we have caused the Seal of the Province afore- 
said to be hereunto affixed. 

Witness, Benning Wentworth, Esqr., our (iovernor & Commander 
in Chief, this 7th day of Jan'ry, in the second year of our reign, 
Annoq Domini, 1762. 

B. WENTWORTH. 

By His Excellency's Command, with advice of Council: 

THEODORE ATKINSON Sec't. 



v.] ANNEXATION OK MONSON, 



CHAPTER V. 



ANNEXATION OF A I'AHT OF SOUHKGAN WEST TO M EltlJI.M A( K. 

MONSON. PETITION FROM MONSON FOR THE ANNEXATION 

OF A PART OF SOUHKGAN WEST TO THAT TOWN. — VOTE OF 
THE TOWN OF HOLLIS IN HECAltD TO THIO DISMEMBERMENT 

OF MONSON. PETITION OF INII AHITANTS OF MONSON TO RE 

ANNEXED TO HOLLIS. Ml!. WII,KINS liKMoNSTKATES. — SIGN- 
ERS TO THE REMONSTRANCE oi' THE 1 Ml AHITANTS OF 

AMHERST. ACTION OF THE TOWN OF AMHERST. MONSON 

DIVIDED BETWEEN AMHERST AND HOLLIS. — I)ISS.\TISFACT10N 
OF MONSON PEOPLE. — PETITIONS FOR A TOWN TO HE COM- 
POSED OF THE MILE SLIP, DUXHURY SCHOOL FAR.M, AND PARTS 

OF LYNDEBOROUGII AND AMHERST. EFFORTS FOR A DIVISION 

OF THE TOWN INTO I'AKISUES. PETITION OF IMIAHITANTS OF 

THE NORTH-WEST PART OF THE TOWN TO HE INCOliPORATED 
AS A SEPARATE PARISH. INCOlfPORATION OF THE PETI- 
TIONERS AS A POLL PAKISH. — I'iiOCEEDlNGS OF THE SECOND 

PARISH. SETTLEMENT OF MR. BRUCE. INCORPOKATION OF 

THE SECOND PARISH BY METES AND HOUNDS. — BOUNDARIES 
CHANGED BY THE GENERAL COURT. — VARIOUS VOTES OF THE 
SECOND PARISH. — MEASURES TAKEN FOR THE INCORPORATION 
OF THE PARISH AS A TOWN. — ACTION OF THE TOWN OF 

AMHERST. MONT VERNON INCORPORATED. ITS BOUNDARIES, 

AND NAMES OF THE TAX-l'A VEIIS, 1 AI'lilL, 1 8U4. — PETITION 
FOR THE INCORPORATION OF A POLL PARISH IN THE SOUTH- 
WEST PART OF THE TOWN. ACTION OF THE TOWN OF 

AMHERST. INCORPORATION OF THE THIKD PARISH. — ITS 

ORGANIZ.VTION, AND VOTES OF THE PARISH IN RELATION TO 

BUILDING A MEETING-HOUSE. MOVEMENTS TO BE SET OFF AS 

A PARISH BY METES AND BOUNDS. — THE THIRD PARISH INCOR- 



58 HISTORY OF AMHERST. [Chap. 

PORATED BY METES AND BOUNDS. ORGANIZATION OF THE 

CHURCH. VOTE OF THE PARISH IN REGARD TO THE INCORPO- 
RATION OP THE THIRD PARISH WITH DUXBURY SCHOOL FARM, 

AND THE MILE SLIP, AS A TOWN. ACTION OP THE TOWN OP 

AMHERST. MILFORD INCORPORATED. ITS BOUNDARIES, AND 

■ FIRST TAX-PAYERS. ANNEXATION OF ANOTHER PART OF 

AMHERST TO MILFORD. REPORT OF A COMMITTEE APPOINTED 

BY THE TOWN OF AMHERST IN REGARD TO A PROPOSED TOWN, 
TO BE FORMED OF PARTS OF AMHERST, NEW BOSTON, BEDFORD, 
AND GOFFSTOWN. 

The first dismemberment of Souhegan West took place 
1 June, 1750, when, by the amended charter of Merrimack, 
a strip of hind and water, some 1,380 rods in length, and 
averaging about 125 rods in width, was taken from Souhe- 
gan West, and annexed to that town. 

This change seems to have been overlooked by Gov. 
Wentworth at the time the charter of Amherst was granted, 
its boundaries, as therein described, being the same as those 
given in the original survey in 1728. 

This boundary was the source of some contention between 
the towns, and remained unsettled until the autumn of 
1832, when it was settled by a committee consisting of 
Benjamin M. Farley, of Hollis ; Jesse Bowers, of Dunsta- 
ble ; and John Wallace, of Milford. 

AMHERST AND MONSON. 

The town of Monson received a charter from Gov. Went- 
worth, 1 April, 1746. It was formerly a part of the town 
of Dunstable, as chartered by the General Court of Massa- 
chusetts, 16 October, 1673, and came under the jurisdiction 
of New Hampshire on the establishment of the boundary 
line between the Provinces in 1741. 

The town of Hollis formed its southern boundary, and 
the Souhegan river, its northern boundary. 



v.] ANNEXATION OK MONSON. 59 

111 1754 a petition was j)i-('scnt(.'(l to the Oovoriior and 
Council by the selectmen and other inhabitants of the town 
of iMonson, askiiiii' that a portion of Sonhcuan \\'(!st, adjoin- 
ing that t )\vii, and embracing al)out one third of the area of 
the townsliip, might be annexed to Moiison. A petition 
from persons inhabiting the territory asked for, asking to 
be annexed to Moiison, was presented at the same time; 
but the request was not granted. 

The town of Mollis, at a meeting held 2 .March, 17G1. 
voted to petition the town of Monson i'or a strip of hind, 
one and a half mih' in widtli. or tliereabout, from the south 
side of that town, whi(;h the town of Monson voted to grant 
them, at a meeting held 2o March. 1761. 
•On the 18 October, 1702, 

Daniel Bay ley, 'i'homas Nevens, 

Robert Coll)urn, William Nevens, 

William Colburn, Zaccheus Shattuck, 

AVilliam CoUturn, jr.. Josej^h Stearns, 

Samuel Hayden, Samuel Stearns, jr., 

Daniel Kenrick, Daniel Wheeiei-, and 

Abraham Leman, James Wheeler, 
Oncsiphorous Marsh, 

inlialiitaiits of Monson. |)etitioiied the Oovernor and foun- 
cil to be annexed to ILjUis. A heai-ing on their jietition 
was ordered in April following, but was j»ostj)oned to the next 
June, in order to gi\(' the petitioners time to make furthei- 
arrangements with the towns of Amhei'st and Ilollis. .Vfter 
hearing the parties concerned, the petition was dismissed 3 
June, 1703. 

This movement for the disineml)erinent of Monson btun<i 
but little favor in Amherst at liist. 

Pastor Wilkius was sti\>iigly opposed to it, as the follow- 
ing: memorial w ill show : 



60 HISTORY OF AMHERST. [Chap. 

MEMORIAL OF REV. DANIEL WILKINS. 

To His Excellency Beuuing Wentwortli, Esquire, Governor and 
Conunander-in-chief in and over His Majesty's Province of New 
Hanipshire, and the Honorable His Majesty's Council and House of 
Representatives, in General Court assembled : 

This Memorial humbly sheweth that the Towns of HoUis and 
Monson was lately notified of a Petition preferred to the General 
Court, to annex the south side of Monson to Hollis, by an act, which, 
when doire, I humbly conceive will leave the Remainder under such 
circumstances as that they cannot subsist alone (their town then being 
but three miles in width, and very small in number, not exceeding 
twenty settlements), so that it will be necessary that they be annexed 
to us, or part of us to them, the consequence of which will not only 
prove fatal to our Town, but to me also, as it will not only throw an 
immense cost upon them, in pulling down orn- present Meeting-House 
(which is as large as meeting-houses commonly are in the country, 
lately finished, and situated to accommodate more j)eople than any 
one meeting-house can in the town, or in Monson), and cause them to 
build two, instead of one, — too heavy a burden at present for 
Amherst. 

And also, this scheme will prove very fatal to me, for it will remove 
the meeting-house far from me, at least ten miles, the travel of which 
will be too great a fatigue for me, now in the decline of life ; and to 
purchase and build again, I am not able. And besides, the present 
scheme will doubtless kindle a fire that will not go out in this age, if 
ever, so that, if the difficulties of travel could be removed, yet, may it 
please your Excellency & Honours, I must conclude to live in the 
flames of contention, or else haul up stakes, with a nmnerous family, 
now in the decline of life, the latter of which I shall choose. In a 
word, I am aware of one great argument they will use to enforce their 
Petition, and it is this : viz., that the centre of theii-* Town is such a 
broken piece of land that they can't, without a great expense, be 
accommodated with roads. To this, with submission, I reply, that 
within half a mile of the north side of our Meeting-House there 
begins a Break of land and extends to the Northern line of our town, 
across which a great number of families must travel if we have two 
meeting-houses in the Town, which break of land I am so well 
acquainted with that it appears as practical to me to make a road 
over the eminence of Joe Englishe's Hill as to make a road feasible 
for travelling over said break of land. That this may more plainly 
appear to your Excellency and Honers, the Selectmen of the town 
went to look out a road across part of it, the better to accommodate 



v.] ANNEXATION OF MONSON. T)! 

some of our luhaMtauts, and t'oiiiMl it iinpracticalilc. Xow wlii-n 
your Excellency and Ilon'rs, in your great wisdom, consider liow 1 
began with this people when they were small in number, hut fourteen 
families, and also the great fatigues and diHiculties that I endured 
for many years to build them up such a flourishing people, esperially, 
in the last war before this, encouraging a small number of families, 
not exceeding thirty, to keep their Possessions, which, if I liad 
deserted, the whole Town would have disbanded and perhai)s liad l)f('n 
a howling wilderness to this day, as is the case with otlier dcsi-rteil 
places, whereas now it is a flourishing Town, capable of bearing a 
considerable part of the Province Taxes, aiul would be a place of 
great unanimity, were it not for the scheme of splitting to pieces to 
satisfy the avaricious desire of some particular Gentlemen, as also the 
miserable condition that myself and my numerous family will be in if 
I am obliged to leave the people by this means. I am well assured 
that your Excellency and Honours, in your great wisdom and clem- 
ency, will favor no schenii- that has any tendency to make your most 
dutiful subject miserable. 

And so your Memorialist, as in duty lionml. will ever pray. 

DANIKI. \V 1 1. KINS. 

Dated at Amherst the 2sth March, ITC:',. 

At about tlie Siiuie time another niciuorial was |»it'sciitt'd 
to the General Conrt, ffom inhabitants of Amherst, protest- 
ing against tlie annexation of a ]»art of Monson to HoUi.s, 
in wliieli many of the arguments were used against the 
measure that Mr. Wilkins advance*! in his reninnst ranee. 

This memorial was signed hy 

Josliua Abl)ot, John Ihirns, 

Josiah Abbot, Oliver Carlton, 

John Averill, Benjamin Clark, 

Thomas Averill, Thomas Clark, 

Moses Barron, jr., James Cochiaii. 

Andrew Bixliee, John Cole, 

Joseph Boutell, Jaeob Curtice, 

Kendal Boutell, IJenjamin Davis, 

Samuel Bradford, John Davis, 

William Bradford, Jacob Dres.ser, 

David Burns, Francis Elliott, 



62 



HISTORY OF AMHERST. 



[Chap. 



Ebenezer Ellin wood, 
Ebenezer Ellin wood, jr. 
Jedediah Ellinwood, 
Joseph Ellinwood, 
RoUandson Ellinwood, 
Elislia Felton, 
William Felton, 
Simeon Fletcher, 
Nathan Fuller, 
John Harwood, 
David Heartshorn, 
Jacob Hildreth, 
William Hogg, 
Ebenezer Holt, 
Ezekiel Holt, 
Abner Hutchinson, 
Solomon Hutchinson, 
Jonathan Lampson, 
A])ijah Lovejoy, 
Benjamin Lovejoy, 
Benjamin Lovejoy, jr., 
Hezekiah Lovejoy. 
Joseph Lovejoy, 
Ephraim Lund, 
Jonathan Lyon, 
Timothy McLitire, 



William Melendy, jr., 
John Mitchel, 
Renben Mussey, 
William Odell, 
Joshua Fettengill, 
John Patterson, 
Nathan Phelps, 
Joseph Prince, 
Hugh Ross, 
Oliver Sanders, 
John Seccomlje, 
Andrew Seetown, 
Samuel Seetown, 
Andrew Shannon, 
Timothy Smith, 
John Stuart, 
Caleb Stiles, 
Benjamin Taylor, 
Thomas Towne, 
Amos Truel, 
David Truel, 
Moses Truel, 
Thomas Wakfield, 
Daniel Weston, 
Ebenezer Weston, 
Ebenezer Whittemore. 



William Melendy, 

Proposals for a division of the town of Monson between 
the towns of Amherst and Hollis were laid before the voters 
of Amherst, at a meeting held 21 February, 1763, but no 
action was taken upon them. 

At a meeting held 10 March, 1766, the people of the town 
were called upon 

" To determine concerning a petition, expected from Hollis, relative 
to having- a portion of INIonson annexed to Amherst, and to do all 
things necessary about the premises." 



v.] ANNEXATION OF MONSON. 63 

On which thov 

" Voleil, titiil Ihi'ii irilJ not nn^nrer the pptilion of a numbpr of prisons In 
Monson, relatire to harhuj (t pttrt of snitl Monson ntiitcad to Ain/irrst." 

At the same time the}' cxpi-essed their wislirs in iT<j;ir(l 
to the attenihmce of the Monson peoplf ii|m)ii their Sninhtv 
services by voting 

" T/int those of Monson that irill instant! 1/ rontrnrt for hnrincf their polls 
and estates assessed to the minister, in equal projiortion with the people in 
Amherst, shall lie permitted to enjoij r/osptl pririlrfjes in common with 
them, and such of them as irill not par/ a proper proportion, as aforesaid, 
are desired not to envnmher the meetinr/-hoiise an// loni/er." 

Bnt in a short time a different sjtirit prevaih'd. (h\ the 
tenth day of April following, we find tiieni voting, in town 
meeting, 

'• To repeal tlie second article voted at the last iiieetincf relative to 
Monson, and that the same is herel)y rejiealed and made void." 

They not only repealed the vote, hnt expressed a willing- 
ness to receiv'e the Monson hrethren ;is follows: 

"Voted, that the following part of ^Ionson,with the people thereon, 
may he annexed, or joined to this town, and enjoy all privileges and 
Immunities in common with this town : viz.. 

Beginning- at the \orth-Kast corner of said ^lonson, from thence 
south by the town of Merrimack two miles, thence due west to the 
west side of said Monson, th-Mice north to Souhegan river, so called, 
thence down said river to th ^ bounds first mentioned, upon the fol- 
lowing condition, and not otherwise, — that is to say, they, the people of 
Monson, to lie at the expense of r/rttiiif/ the thinrj ilone." 

And the pcojde of Monson, having obtained the consent 
of the town, did, at last, " get the thing done." 

On the fonrth day of July, 1770, a charter dividinir the 
town of ^fonson between the towns of Andiei'st iinil llollis 
received the sanction of Gov. John Wentworth : and thns 
Monson died from among the towns of New ilampsfiire, 
after an existence of ab(jut twenty -four years. 



64 HISTORY OF AMHERST. [Chap. 

It died, seized and possessed of a pound, said to have 
been the only public building ever erected within its 
borders. 

A town meeting was held 18 September, 1 770, at which 
the charter of annexation was read, and the new-made citi- 
zens of Amherst welcomed. 

But many of the Monson people were soon dissatisfied 
with this arrangement. On the 26 January, 1771, a peti- 
tion, signed by thirty persons, was j^resented to the Gov- 
ernor, asking that all of tliat part of Amherst lying south 
of a line commencing at a point on its western boundary, 
one mile north of Souhegan river, and running due east to 
its eastern boundary, might be incorporated as a separate 
town. 

Immediately after this a remonstrance against this 
change, signed by one hundred and twenty-seven residents 
of Amherst, was presented to the Governor, and the prayer 
of the petitioners was not granted. 

MOVEMENTS FOR A DIVISION OF THE TOWN. 

In March, 1779, a petition was presented to the legis- 
lature by sundry inhabitants of Amherst, Lyndeborough, 
and the Mile Slip, asking to be incorporated into a town, with 
the following boundaries : namely, commencing at the north- 
east corner of the town of Wilton, thence easterly across 
the town of Lyndeborough to Amherst west line, thence 
southerly to the south-east corner of Lyndeborough, thence 
in an easterly course far enough to make 396 rods from 
the Avest line of Amherst, thence south to the east end of 
the house of John Burns, thence south to Hollis line, thence 
west on the south line of Amherst and the Mile Slip to 
Mason line, thence north by Mason and Wilton to the 
bound first mentioned. 

Against the incorporation of this town sixteen inhabi- 
tants of Amherst, six of the Mile Slip, and one of Lynde- 
borough, residing within its limits, protested. 



v.] ANNEXATION OF MONSON. 6o 

31 May, 1780, Stephen Uhiiiehard, Stephen Uhmchanl, 
jr., Simon Blanchard, Richard Boynton, David Chandler, 
Samnel Gntterson, Caleb Jones, Benjamin Lewis, Ilenjaniin 
Lewis, jr.. Timothy MacTntire, Joshna Mooar, Thomas 
Tarson, William Parson, Samnel Parson, Aaron Peal)ody, 
Joseph Wallace, Stej)hen Williams, ami iJenjamiii Wright, 
iidialiitants of Mile Slip and Dnxhnry school farm, petitioned 
the (ieneral Conrt to l)e incorporated, with a part of 
Amherst, into a town with the following' lionnds: com- 
mencing at a white oak tr(3e standing in the east line of the 
town of Wilton, it being the north-west corner of the Mile 
Slip, thence easterly on the sonth line of Lyndeborongh, 
600 poles to the sonth-east coi-nei* of liyndeborongh. thence 
northerly on tlu^ cast line of Lyndeborongh al)ont half a 
mile to the sonth-east corner bonnd of a lot of land owned 
Ity .losepli hiineklee, thence easterly 488 poles to a stake 
and stones at the sonth-east corner of a lot owned by Amos 
(Jreen, thence southerly 592 ])oles to an oak tree standing 
on land of Col. John Shej)ard, by the north l)ank of Sou- 
hegan river, thence sonth-easterly by Souhegan river to a 
stake and stones on the south side of the river, on land of 
Moses Towne, about two miles in a straight line from the oak 
tree mentioned as standing on Shepard's land, thence 
southerly C)'20 jmles to a stake and stones stamling on the 
noith line of IJollis. thence westwardly on the north line ()f 
Nnllis fonr miles jind a <|iiarter to the north-west corner 
bounds of Jlollis, thence westerly one mile to Mason line, 
thence northerly 248 poles to the south-east corner of the 
town of Wilton, thence northerly on the same course to the 
l)ound first mentioned. 

At the same time Ebenezer Averill, Llijah Avcrill 
Andrew Bradford, John Bradford, Joshua Burnam, Stephen 
Ibii-nam, Jose|)]i Crosl)y, Josiah Crosby, Josiah Crosby, jr., 
William Crosby, Benjamin Hopkins, jr., Abner Hutchin- 
son, Bartholomew llutehinson. Benjamin Hutchinson, 
Elisha Hutchinson. Nathan Hutchinson. Nathan llutehin- 
5 



66 HISTORY OP AMHERST. [Chap. 

son, jr., Caleb Jones, William Peabody, William Peabody, 
jr., Benjamin Temple, John Wallace, and William Wallace, 
residents in Amherst on the territory proposed to be incor- 
porated into the new town, presented a petition for tlic 
same purpose, but their petitions were not granted. 

THE SECOND PARISH. 

Efforts for a division of the town into parishes were 
made as early as 1778. In the autumn of that year several 
persons, residina; in the vicinity of Shepard's mills, peti- 
tioned to be set off as a parish by themselves ; but the town 
refused to grant their request. 

In the spring of 1779 the town chose a committee " to 
treat with sundry persons belonging to the north-westerly 
part of the town, who had petitioned to be set off as a 
parish." The committee was also authorized to treat with 
a number of inhabitants of the town, residing in the west- 
erly part of the same, who desired to be set oft" to Duxbury 
school farm, and the Mile Slip. 

After hearing the report of this committee, the town, at 
a meeting held 31 March, 1779, voted " not to set oft' a 
parish in the north-westerly part of the town." They also 
voted " not to set off the westerly part of the town to Dux- 
bury school farm and the Mile Slip." The Mile Slip was a 
strip of land about five miles long, and some three hundred 
and fifty rods wide, which laid between Amherst and Hollis 
on the east, and Wilton and MasDU on the west, and 
extended from Lyndeborough on the north to Raby, now 
Brookline, on the south. It became a part of Milford in 
1794. 

Duxbury school farm laid between Lyndeborough and 
Souhegan river, west of Amherst, and between Amherst 
and the Mile Slip. It became a part of Milford in 1794. 

Petitions having been presented to the Ceneral Court for 
the establishment of new parishes in Amherst, the town, 5 



v.] SECOND PARISH, ti7 

August, 1779, appointor! a committee to show caiiso or 
reasons why they should not bo urantod, and a|)pointod an 
agent " to prefer and onl'oroe said reasons at thr (Jeneral 
Court." 

6 Dccenilicr. 1771'. Siiiidry iidialiitants of the north-west 
|iart ol (lie town asked to he \()te(| ol'j' as a parish, on condi- 
tion that the inhalutants oi' tluit part of the town slioukl 
pay their full proportion toward the sujiport of Rev. Mr. 
Wilkiiis. and every charge of the town, except the settle- 
ment of a ministei', until they could supply themselves with 
prea(drmg in the parish : hut the town refused to grant 
their roipiost. 

At tile same time several of tin' inhahitants of the west- 
erly j)art of the town, who desired to he sot olf to Ouxltury 
school farm, the Mile Slip, and a part of F^yndehorcuigh, 
ask(>d to be excused from |»ayiug towaid the lU'dination of a 
minister ; ov if they ili<l pay. to have the money refunded 
to them-, if they were sot off within foui' yeai's. This rorpiost 
was also denied. 

At a meeting held 81 May. 1780, the town was again 
asked that the south-west part of the town might be sot off 
and incor|)oratod as a Ixidy politic with Duxbuiw school 
farm, and < )ne Mile Slip : hut leave was not gi'ante(l. 

Another committee was appointed by the town, 11 Sop- 
toinher. 17S0. to show cause before the General Court why 
the praver of a number of the iuhabitaiits of the town 
residing in the north-westerly part of the same, asking to 
be sot off as a separate parish, should not be granted. The 
committee was also instructed to show cause why the 
prayer of those jiersons residini:' in the south-west |iart of 
the town, who asked to i)e set off as a town with nuximry 
and the Mile Sli|), should not bo granted. 

Sundi-y jtorsons residing in town havini:- |ietitioned to the 
('onoral (^)urt to l)o exempted froui the payment of a min- 
isterial tax, and for tlu^ ap))ointment of a c(nnmittoe to view 
their local situation, a committee was chosen 24 May, 1781, 



68 HISTORY OF AMHERST. [Cliap. 

to draw up reasons why their petition should not be 
granted ; and the committee was authorized to appoint one 
or more of its number to repair to the Court, oppose the 
petitions, and meet a committee or committees of the peti- 
tioners, to consider and make report for an accommodation. 
The following petition, presented to the General Court, 
at its session in March, 1781, sets forth the reasons which 
actuated the petitioners in asking for a separation : 

To the Hon'ble the Council & Gents of the Hon'ble House of Rep- 
resentatives in General Assembly Convened, at Exeter, in the State of 
New Hampshire. 14 March, 1781. 

The Humble jietition of the several persons whose names are hereto 
set and subscribed, Inhabitants of Amherst, in the County of Hills- 
borough, living Chiefly in the North-west part of s'd Town, 

Sheweth, That the Rev'd Mr. Daniel Wilkins, the former minister 
of Amherst, Being By Age and infirmities Rendered incapable of 
Duty, the Town Chose a Committee to hire preaching until another 
minister should be ordained. By which means, the Reverend Mr. 
Jeremiah Barnard was introduced into the Church there, only By way 
of Supply, the Town not being in a proper situation for settling a 
Minister. However, the s'd Mr. Barnard officiated there for some 
time. That your j)etitioners, for Reasons hereafter mentioned, Could, 
By no Means, Rest Satisfied under his Ministry, and openly Disap- 
proved of him. Notwithstanding which, a party was form'd In favor 
of s'd Barnard, which party, taking advantage of Calling Church and 
Town meetings when the severity of the season was such, and at 
times when such abundance of snow had fallen, that it was extremely 
Difficult, if not morally impossible, to have a general attendance of 
the toM'n inhabitants, it was carried by a very small Majority, to give 
the s'd Mr. Barnard a call. An Ecclesiastical Council was Convened 
at Amherst, on the first day of March, 1780, for the purpose of ordain- 
ing him. That although your petitioners were convinced to their 
great Grief and Sorrow (by being out voted) that they were not the 
greatest part of the inhabitants of said Town, yet being conscious of 
their weight and Importance (as paying a greater part of Taxes 
than those that voted in favor of Mr. Barnard's settling), they did 
think themselves aggrieved in having the s'd Mr. Barnard imposed 
upon them in that unfair manner ; and they did — previous to the s'd 
ordination — sign and address a Memorial and Remonstrance, Couched 
in the strongest but most modest Terms, to the s'd Council, setting forth, 



y-] 



SECOND PARISH. 69 



ainoiipjst other things, ' that witli Regard to ^fr. Barnard, thoy must 
say, tliat he was not a man of their choice; that he was not the man 
that they shoukl choose for their Spiritnal Gnide, for their instructor 
\u tlie Great and Deep mysteries of the Gospel of Jesus Christ, and 
tliiit ills, the s'd Mr. Barnard's, discourses — however Doctrinally sound 
tliey niiglit be — did not appear to be delivered in the demonstration 
of (lie Spirit and with that life, power, nnd e/i<?/v/// which they could 
wish for, nor yet with that Clearness and persjiicuity which they 
thought they hail a right to expect from a Man thoroughly furnished 
to every good work, and from one who might come to them in the 
fulness of the blessings of the (iospel of peace. 

And in conclusion, hoping that the bare sight of such a numlier of 
names as would be annexed to s'd Memorial might be suthcient to 
Convince Mr. Barnard that he ought not to think of settling where 
there \va.s so little prospect of his being Beiietici;il to the people and 
comfortable to himself.' 

And praying the Venei'able Council that the said .Mr. Barnard 
might not be ordained, — To which Memorial your Petitioners pray 
leave to refer themselves, .\nil that it may be taken as part of this 
Petition. 

That, Notwithstanding there arc some few of your petitioners who 
dill not sign said Memorial, yet did they oppo.se Mr. Barnard's being 
settled as their minister, and did in the strongest (though) n)odest 
ti'rms Manifest to the said Council their disapprobation of the said 
Mr. Barnard's being ordained as a minister of the chunii and People 
of this Town. 

That, notwithstanding the said Memorial and Remonstrance, the 
Council thought til to onlain. and did accordingly <irdain the said Mr. 
Paruard. 

in consequence whereof, for the re.isons aforesaid, and also because 
the said .Mr. Barnard and his Party carry the .Vdvantage tlu-y have 
gained in manner as before set forth, with a higli haml, your Peti- 
tioners caimol in conscience resort to the now place of Public Wor- 
ship in .\mherst, nor can they join in prayer, nor in communion, with 
the .said Mr. Barnanl, nor reai» any benefit from his di.scour.ses, .so 
that they wholly absent themselves and maybe said to l>e without 
any settled minister. 

Moreover, under all these diliiculties and hardships which they 
labor under, your Petitioners are liable to be rated with their equal 
proportion of rates toward the support of the said Mr. Barnard, and 
as un<ler the foregoing circumstances your Petitioners think hard of 
paying them, it seems to o[)en a door u( Contention and i.aw-suit, 
which they would avoiil. 



70 HISTORY OP AMHERST. [Chap. 

That your humble petitioners, in Expectation of Being sett oft" as a 
separate parish, did, sometime ago, at their own proper charge, build 
a Commodious Meeting-house at the said N. AV. part of said Andierst, 
and have hired preaching for sometime past, hoping at the same time 
to have enjoyed the privilege of a minister of their own choosing, our 
local situation being such as required the same. But that not being 
granted by the then Hon'ble Assembly, Your Petitioners now have 
recourse to your Honors, praying that you would take their most 
unhappy cases into your Serious Consideration, and that they may be 
at liberty to bring in a bill whereby they may be severed from the 
said New Mdeting-house aid Minister, and from any future minister 
there, and from paying any rates for the repairs of the said meeting- 
house, or support of the new minister, or any future minister of the 
same, and that your Petitioners may be invested with the Power of 
assessing, levying, and raising money for keeping their said Meeting- 
house in Repair, when the same shall be in want thereof, and for 
settling and constantly maintaining a Gospel minister in said N. W. 
Meeting-house, and that it may and shall be lawful for any now minor 
Children or servants of your Pet'rs, as soon as they shall come of age, 
to poll off, if -they see fit, and join such future minister or Ministers 
of the Gospel at the said North-West Meeting-house, and may in like 
manner be declared Independent of said Mr. Barnard's Meeting-House, 
and separate therefrom, & from all rates whatsoever, incident to the 
support of that meeting-house or minister, provided that such child or 
children, servant or servants, so coming of age, do signify to the 
Town-Cl'k of Amherst, in writing, his, her, or their, desire of joining 
and becoming members of the said N. W. Society or parish, or that 
your Hon'rs will grant your Pet'rs Relief in such other manner as you 
in your great wisdom shall deem most meet. 

And your Petitioners, as in Duty bound, will ever Pray. 

Signed by John Averill and fifty-one others. 
With the foregoing petition, we have the following 
record : 

STATE OF NEW HAMPSHIRE. 

In the House of ' Representatives, June 20th, 1781. Upon reading 
and considering the foregoing Petition, Voted, that the prayer thereof 
be granted, and that the Petitioners have leave to bring in a bill 
accordingly. 

Sent up for Concurrence : 

JOHN LANGDON, Speaker. 



v.] SECOND PAKISH, 71 

111 Cuimcil, June "Jlst, ITSl, Read ami ('oiiciinril : 

K. riiOMI'soX. Sr.r'Y. 

Afc(»nliiiul\ , i»ii tilt' lliirtit'tli tliiy nf .Iiiiic. IT^^l. lli<* 
f()ll(j\vilig pci'sons were set (•t'taiid const it iitfil tlii' Sccoiiil, 
or Noi'tli-\N'('st . |i;ii-isli of Aiiilii'i-st : 

John Avcrill, Kolicrt l^arkci-, 

William Bradford, jr., llaiiiiah IVahody, 

John Ihirnnni. JoS(,'|>h Perkins, 

(>li\er Carlton, Daniel Sinionds, 

Thoinas Carlton, Daniel Smith. 

John Cole, Isaac Smith, 

Nathan Cole, Jacob Smith, 

Josiali Dodge, James Smith, 

John Duncklee, Timothy Smith, 

Joseph ihiucklee, Timothy Smith, jr., 

Joseph Farnuni, Joseph Steel, 

Nathan Flint, Samnel Sterns, 

Nathan Flint, jr., Araos Stiekney, 

Allen Coodridge, Thomas Towne, jr., 

Daniel (Jould, Joseph Tuck, 

Richard Gould, Enos Upton, 

John Harwood, PJzekiel Upton, 

Nathaniel Haywood, Richard Waid, 

James Hopkins, Abijah Wilkins, 

Nathan .lones, jr.. Daniel Wilkins, 

William Lamson, Eli Wilkins, 

.Joseph Langdell, Joshna Wilkins, 

Andrew Leavitt, William Wilkins, 

.Foseph Ijovejoy, Samnel Winehestei-, 

John Mills, James Woodhniy, 

Knight Nichols, Peter Woodbury. 

PROCEEDINGS OK TIIK NOKTII-WKST PAIMSll. 

Tile tirst parish nieetinij w ;is held lil .lime. ITsl. X;i- 
thaniel lla\ wood was chosen moderator : I-^li Wilkins, 



72 HISTORY OP AMHERST. [Chap, 

clerk ; Peter Woodbury, Nehemiah Haywood, and Abijah 
Wilkins, assessors ; James Woodbury, treasurer ; Nathan 
Flint, collector ; and Timothy Smith, Oliver Carlton, and 
Richard Gould, a committee to hire preaching. 

12 March, 1782, James Woodbury, Amos Stickney, and 
Abijah Wilkins, were appointed a committee to lay the 
lower floor, and sell the pew ground, in the meeting-house, 
at public auction, and lay out tlie money received therefor 
in finishing the house. It was voted, tluit if any notes were 
taken for tlie pew ground, " they shall be upon interest." 

1 July, 1782, voted, " to hire preaching upon probation. 

29 August, 1782, voted to hire Mr. Powers to preach in 
said parish. At the same meeting, a proposition to unite 
with the South-West parish in hiring |)reaching at Mr. 
Abner Hutchinson's was rejected. 

18 January, 1783, voted to liire Mr. Allen to preach four 
Sundays, if his services can be procured. 

4 March, 1783, voted to raise fifty ])ounds to defray parisli 
charges. 

9 September, 1783, voted not to hire Mr. Allen any 
longer. Voted not to send to Dartmouth College for a 
preacher. 

9 December, 1783, voted to concur with the church in 
giving Mr. Samuel Sargent a call to settle in the gospel 
ministry in said parish. 

Voted to give Mr. Sargent .£120 lawful money as a 
settlement, and £Q0 lawful money and 20 cords wood 
yearly, as long as he supplies the pulpit, and £30 and 20 
cords of wood yearly, during life, after he has ceased to 
supply the pulpit. 

The effort to settle Mr. Sargent failed, for, 29 December, 
1784, they voted to concur with the church in giving Mr. 
John Bruce a call to settle in the gospel ministry in this 
parish. Also voted to offer Mr. Bruce £120 as a settle- 
ment, and £60 and 20 cords of wood yearly, so long as he 
carries on the work of the gospel ministry here, and £30 



v.] SECOND PARISH. 73 

and 20 cords of wood annually, if ho should become dis- 
abled from cari'vinu- on the uoik of the niinistfv. for so 
l(jn,ti" a time as he remains the niinistcr ol the phicc. 

NatluinicI I Ia\ wood, Oliver ( 'arlton. and Lient. William 
Jiradford, were appointed a ennimittee to eonimunieate tlie 
votes of the parish to Mr. Ihiier. ;iiid receive his answer. 

.Mr. l>iuee aeee|»ted llie eal 1. and. a fter some dela\, was 
ordained o November, 17s5. 1J(! eonlinued pastor of the 
parish and town until his death, which took jilacc 1 •_' March, 
1809. 

An act defining the boundaries of the Second parish 
in Andierst, was passed by the leuishiture, 1^4 January, 
17S0. 

7 JanuaiT, 17'.>U. 'I'he First parish havini;- |ietitione(| for 
the repeal of the act estaldishiug" the hoiindaries of the 
Second |)aris]i, William Lamsoii, Henry Campliell. and 
Capt. William Ibadlord, were appointetl a coiunnttee to 
apj)ear beb)re the General Court, and show cause why the 
prayer of the petition should not be granted. 

4 June, 1790, Capt. William Bradford and Ib-nry ('amj»- 
bell wcri' appointed a committee to go to Concord to iiear 
the report of a committee appointed by the (Jeneral Court 
respeeting the altei'ation of the boundary line between Mr. 
Barnard's and Mr. IJriice's parishes. 

2() April, 179(1. The meeting-house still icmaiuiug 
mdinished, the parish chose a committee to finish the 
meeting-house, as was v<>ted, the committee to return any 
overplus, that might arise from the sale of tlie jiews, 
to the treasui'cr. 

1.') (>ctoliei-. 179'l. \ote(j that the conmiittce t'oi- the time 
being finish the ministerial pew. on tlics|»ot reserved for 
that purpose. 

25 .Fanuary. 1791. Another act cstaMishing the honnd- 
aries of the Second jiarish was passer! Ity the legislature, 
changing them somewhat from those fixed l»y tin- former 
act. 



74 HISTORY OF AMHERST. [Chap. 

21 March, 1791, voted to accept a strip of land lying in 
the easterly part of Lyndeborough, with the inhabitants 
living thereon, as a part of this parish, provided the consent 
of Lyndeborough is obtained. 

9 July, 1791, voted to find stuff and build the seats in 
the meeting-house, except the breast-work in front of the 
seats, and appointed Moses Kimball, Lieut. Josepli Farnum, 
and Oliver Carlton, a committee to see the work completed. 

19 March, 1792, Capt. John Mills was allowed seven 
shillings for sweeping the meeting-house six times, and 
"^taking care of the same for one year. 

24 March, 1792, Mr. Jonathan Conant, formerly of Bev- 
erly, was designated, by a vote of the parish, as the most 
suitable man to serve as a justice of the peace in said 
parish. 

25 May, 1792. Voted to build a wall by the highway 
against the burying-ground. 

Voted, " that the bass viol be not carried into the meet- 
ing-house to be used in time of exercise." 

25 October, 1792, voted to allow the bill of the committee 
for building the gate in front of the burying-ground, 
amounting to X4, 19s., 5d. 

Voted not to have the small-pox any longer in said parish 
after the house that is now infected can be cleansed. 

Voted to build another piece of wall by the side of the 
burying-ground. 

18 March, 1793, voted the pew in the gallery of the 
meeting-house to the use of the singers. 

17 March, 1794, voted Capt. Mills twelve shillings for 
sweeping the meeting-house four times and taking care of 
the same one year. 

21 March, 1796, an article having been inserted in the 
warrant calling the meeting holden this day, asking the 
consent of the parish that the bass viol be used in the meet- 
ing-house on Sundays, to assist the singers in time of public 
worship, failed of approval. 



v.] SEfONI) PAUISH. Tf) 

- May, 1796, voted to raise slTS to pay a iKttc held 
liy Kcv. True Kimhall. for itrcachiiiir in the paiisli, f In- note 
liciii'.;" siuiit'd l)y the coiiniiittiM' chosen to liii-e |ireac|iiii.j- at 
tile t iiiie it was ^"iven. 

isnl. \oted to raise .'i«;2')3.:'.:l to pa\ Mr. iJruce's salary. 

3 May, 1802, voted to take measures to elVect a sejiara- 
tion troni tlie tow n ol A ndiei'st . and a eoniuiittee, eonsistiu"" 
of Maj. William Hradford. .lolin Carlton, ('a|»t. .lolin 
Batehelder, ("a|it. .Tosejiji Perkins, ('apt. Thomas Cloutman, 
l>ea. dacoh Kendall, I.ieut. Benjamin I'arker, Lient. 
Joseph Farnuni, Eli Wilkins, I'arker Riehai-dson, Nathan 
Jones, and Lieut. Timothy Hill, was appointed to petition 
the town relative thei'eto. 

On the last Tiiursday of May, 1S()2, the |»arish voted to 
]tetition the General Conrt to ineorporate them into a town, 
w itii the same boundaries as those first estahlished hetween 
the First and Seeond pai-ishes: also, that a strip of land half 
a mile wide, lying- in the easterly part of Lyndehoronirh, 
extending the entire length of this parish, ami adjoining it, 
l)e asked lor as a part of the new town. 

Nathan Jones, Eli Wilkins, James Smith, .loseph Lang- 
dell, and Capt. Joseph l\'rkins, were appointed a eommillee 
to prepare a petition for that jmrpose. 

< >u the first Monday of June, 1802, ehose Nathan Jones, 
('apt. Joseph Perkins, and Capt. Benjamin Parker, to 
present the petition to the General Conrt. 

21 Novend)er, ISO.;, voted to accept the report of tlie 
committee of the C(Mi(M-al Court in regai-d to the incor] Mira- 
tion of the new town. 

Voted, that the name of the contemplated town lie .MoNT 
Vernon. 

action of thk town (»f amfikkst. 

2 May, 180:?. at a town meeting Ixdd this day. Col. 
Roi)ert Means, Sauuiel Wilkins. l^aniid Warner, Sannnd 
Whiting, and William Fisk,of the First |.arish, and William 



76 HISTOEY OF AMHEKST. [Chap. 

Bradford, Joseph Perkins, Eli Wilkins, Ebenezer Odell, and 
Joseph Langdell, of the Second parish, were chosen to con- 
fer together upon a division of the town and the incorpora- 
tion of the Second parish into a separate town. Said com- 
mittee were instructed to report at this meeting. 

After a session of one hour, the committee reported 
verbally, " not agreed." 

Whereupon, the town chose Col. Daniel Warner, agent to 
attend the General Court in the matter of the Second 
parish petition. Daniel Campbell, Samuel Wilkins, and 
Charles H. Atherton, were appointed a committee to consult 
with said agent, and give him such advice and instruction 
as they might think proper, free of expense to the town, 
before he shall attend the General Court. 

An act incorporating the town of Mont Vernon 
passed the Senate the eighth ; the House, the ninth ; and 
received the approval of Gov. John Taylor Gilman, the 
fifteenth day of December, 1803. 

Its boundaries, as given in the act of incorporation, were 
as follows : 

" Beginning at the north-west corner of Amherst, on New Boston 
south line, thence running southerly on the west line of Amherst 
about four miles and a half to the north-west corner of the town of 
Milford, thence easterly on the north line of Milford to the south-east 
corner of a lot of land now in possession of David Dodge and John 
Cochran, thence northerly to the north-west corner thereof, thence 
easterly to the south-west corner of a lot now in possession of Nathan 
Fuller and John Fuller, thence northerly to the north-west corner 
thereof, thence easterly on the north line of said Fuller's lot and the 
north line of Elisha Felton's house lot, and the same course on the 
line of Enos Bradford and Lambert Bradford's land to the south-west 
corner of land now or lately owned by Enos Bradford, thence north- 
erly on the east line of said land and the east line of a lot now owned 
by John Clap to the north-east corner of said Clap's land, thence a few 
rods to the south-west corner of a lot now in possession of Andrew 
Leavitt, thence northerly on the west line of said lot in possession of 
said Leavitt and on the west line of a lot now owned by Col. Robert 
Means and others to the south-east corner of land now owned by 



IV.] 



TOWN OF MONT VERNON. 



JojiC'ijli Nicliuls, tliencf nurtlun-ly on the west line of said Xiehols's 
land to the north-west corner thereof, thence easterly on the north 
line of said Nichols's land to a line rnnninj^ sonth from the o;ist side of 
Henry Spauldin<jf's land, thence north to the sonthn-ast corner of said 
Spauldinii's land and on the easterly line thereof until it intiMsccls 
Xew lioston line. thenc(! westerly to the placr> of Ix'ninninu." 

RESIDKNT TAX-I'AYI:RS IN MONT VERNON, 1 AI'RIL, IbUl. 



Timothy Austin, 
.lesse Averill, 
John Averill. 
John Averill, jr., 
l^ben liatchelder, 
Israel Batchelder, 
•John Hatchelder, 
.lames Mennett, 
i:i.enezer Hills, 
• luiiaihaii Hixl>y, 
i;ii(» llradford, 
l.aiiilHTl Uradford. 
Widow Bradford. 
William Bradford. 
\Villiain Brailfonl, jr., 
Mark Burnam. 
Charles Camliridge, 
•lohn ("arlton. 
Mrs. Kmma Carlton, 
Nathan Cleaves, 
.losiah Coburn, 
Thomas Cloutman, 
Henry Codman. 
Joseph Co,t;i:;in, 
William Co,n\i;in, 
.lonathan Conant. 
.Foiiathan Conant. ji.. 
Lot Conant, 
Xathan Cross, 
.facoli Curtis, 
Jacob Curtis, jr., 
.\llfn Dodge, 
Joseph Dodge, 
Josiah Dodge, 



Josiah Dodge, jr., 
JomUhan Duncklee, 
Benjamin Dnrant. 
Israel Farnum. 
Joseph Farnum. 
Thomas Fannim. 
John Fisk. 
John B. Flanigan. 
Xathan Flint. 
Samui'l Flint. 
Lieut. Alltii (ioodridge, 
Allen CJooflridge, 
Nathan (Ireen, 
John Harwood, 
John Harwood, jr., 
William Hastings, 
Lieut. Josiah Herrick, 
Peter Herrick, 
Mrs. Judith Hill. 
Timothy Hill. 
Ebenezer H<tlt, 
Ezekiel Holt, 
James Hopkins, 
James Hopkins, jr., 
Kobcrt Ho.sea, 
Nathan Jones, 
Peter .loni-s. 
Daniel Kendall, 
Jacob Kendall. 
John Kendall. 
Lieut. Thaddeus Kendal 
William L. Kidder, 
Josiah Kittredge. 
Solomon Kittredge, 



78 



HISTORY OP AMHERST. 



[Chap. 



Dr. Zephaniah Kittredge, 
Jesse LaiiLson, 
Jonathan Lamson, jr., 
Mrs. Mary Lamson, 
Joseph Langdell, 
Jonathan Low, 
Isaac Manning, 
John Manning, 
David Marshall, 
Ebenezer Mills, 
Samnel Mitchell, 
Lieut. Ebenezer Odall, 
Ebenezer Odall, jr., 
Capt. Benjamin Parker, 
Robert Parker, jr., 
Aaron Peabody, 
John Peabody, 
Moses Peabody, 
Samuel Peabody, 
Capt. Joseph Perkins, 
Joseph Perkins, jr., 
Samuel Phelps, 
Ens. Benjamin Pike, 
Ephraim Pike, 
James Ray, 
James Ray, jr., 
Levi Ray, 

Mrs. Phebe Raymond, 
John Roby, 
John Roby, jr., 
John Rollins, 
Daniel Secombe, 
Dea. Daniel Smith, 
Daniel Smith, jr., 



David Smith, 
Eben Smith, 
Isaac Smith, 
Isaac Smith, jr., 
Jacob Smith, 
James Smith, 
Jeremiah Smith, 
Nathan Smith, 
Timothy Smith, 
Abijah Spofford, 
Benjamin Starnes, 
Cyrus Styles, 
-losiah Swinnerton, 
Robert Taggart, 
Henry Treavitt, 
Allen Towne, 
John Trow, 
Joseph Trow, 
Joseph Trow, jr., 
Enos Upton, 
Dea. Ezekiel Upton, 
Lieut. Ezekiel Upton, 
Nehemiah L^pton, 
Isaac Weston, 
John Weston, 
Thomas Weston, 
Abial Wilkins, 
Abijah Wilkins, 
Eli Wilkins, 
Jonathan AVilkins, 
Peter Wilkins, 
William Wilkins, 
James Woodbury. 



THE THIRD PARISH. 

The inhabitants of the north-west part of the town 
having been incorporated as a separate parish, the following- 
petition, from residents in the south-west part of the town, 
was presented to the legislature at its session in March, 

1782 : 



v.] THIRD PAUl^^H. 70 

"To the Tlonoralile the Cniinfil, and thf (Jt'iitliMm-n oi iln' House of 
Representatives in General Court Convened, at Coneord, in and for 
the State of Xi'w IIani]pshin'. on W'l'dnesday. tln' l^ith day of Mareli, 
A. D. 17.S-J. 

The Petition of the suliscril)ers Ilunihly shews: 

That your Petitioners are Inhaliitants of the ext^-nsive Town of 
Andierst, ami tln' most of yonr Petitioners live in tlie Sonth-Westerly 
part of said Town. That their local situation renrlers it impracti- 
cable for some of your Petitioners and many of their Children to give 
a general attendance at tiie stated place of i>ul)Iiek worship in 
Amherst. That your petitioners conceive tliat it is of great importanci' 
that youth, as well as the aged, should he instructed in Morality and 
piety. 

That the settlement of the present Minister in .\mherst w!is disa- 
greealile to many of your Petitioners, and that some of yonr Peti- 
tioners, i)revious to his Ordination, did sign a Memorial and Remon- 
strance, setting forth their sentiments of the matter, ami that In- was 
not a man of their choice. 

That your Petitioners conceive that where there is a disatfection in 
some, and an impossibility of attendance of others. tht> great and 
important designs of publick instructions in Morality and piety are 
frustrated. 

That your Petitioners being of the Opinion that Andierst miglit 
well spare them, there being three hundred rateable Polls that are 
now Taxed to their present Minister, ami where a sutlicient nund>er 
to support a Minister desire to be sett off from so large a ntnnber as 
there are in Amherst, no reasonable ol>jection can be offered against 
their request being gi-anted. ])rovided they leave as large a nund)er to 
support a minister in the former Parish, especially if the Petitioners 
have lately assisted in erecting an elegant house for Publick Worship 
in tlie Parish they desire to leave, and have paid their proportion — by 
constraint — toward the settling of a minister there. 

Your Petitioners did, sometime in the inonth of March. A. I>. 17>*1. 
Petition the Honorable the general Court to be .severed from the 
society that attended the Publick Worshiji in .Vmlierst meeting- 
house, to he set oft" as a distinct parish, and the Ilonoralde Cour^ 
granted us a day of hearing, but through inattention the Town of 
Andierst was not served with a copy of the Petition ami ord'>r of 
Court thereon, and of course we could not have a hearing. Therefore, 
your Petitioners jiray your Honours to take our case under your wise 
consideration, that we, your Petitioners, may have leave to bring in a 
Bill severing us from the Society that attend the Publick Worship in 
the present Meeting-house in Amherst, and discharging us from any 



80 HISTOEY OF AMHERST. [Chap. 

future taxes for the erecting or repairing a meeting-house in that 
Paj-isli, or for the support of their present or future minister, & erect- 
ing us into a Distinct Pole Parish, with power to levy, assess, and 
collect taxes for the Building a house for the Publick Worship of 
GOD, for the settlement and support of a minister of the Gospel, and 
granting to us all other Parochial powers, privileges, and immunities 
proper for Pole Parishes. And also directing that the present inhal)it- 
ants of Amherst that are, or may be, desirous of Joining in PuV)lick 
Worship with us within the term one year from our incorporation 
shall enter their names and such desire with the Clark of the said 
Parish, and shall also produce to the town-clerk a certificate thereof, 
and enter the same with him. Those that shall hereafter inhabit said 
Town, that shall within the term of one year after they become 
inhabitants shall enter their names and their desire of joining with us 
in Publick Worship to the Clerk of the Parish, and shall produce to 
the town-clerk a certificate thereof, and enter the same with him ; and 
also all those that are, or may be minors, that shall, within the term of 
one year after they shall conre of age, residing in said Amherst, enter 
their names and their desire of joining with us in Public Worship 
with the Parish Clerk, pi'oducing a certificate thereof to the town- 
clerk, and enter the same with him, shall be deemed and taken to 
belong to the pole Parish incorporated by this Act, and rated there to 
all Parochial charges accordingly, and be exempted from any other 
Parochial charges whatsoever, during their residence in said Amherst. 
Or to grant us relief in such other way as your Honors shall think 
proper. And your Petitioners, as in duty bound, shall ever pray. 

Amhehst, Feb'y ye 25th, 1782." 

Signed by Isaac Abbot and fifty-six others. 

9 September, 1782, the town of Amherst appointed Maj. 
Joseph Blancliard, Mr. Samnel Dana, and Samnel Wilkins, 
Esq., a committee to show cause why the prayers of the 
netition of a number of the inhabitants of the south-westerly 
part of this town to be set off as a poll parish should not be 
granted ; however, tlieir efforts availed but little, for, by an 
act of the legislature, passed 23 November, 1782, 

Darius Abbot, Moses Averill, 

Isaac Abbot, Andrew Bradford, 

Ebenozcr Averill, John Bradford, 

Elijah Averill, Augustus Blanchard, 



v.] Timu) PAUisii. 81 

David IJiii'iiliaiu. Tliaddciis nrimos, 

Israel IJiindiain. William (Jriincs. 

.Idsliiia Uiiniliaiu, Jk'ii jaiiiiii I ln|ikiiis, jr., 

Sl('|ili('ii IJiiriiliaiii, Px'iijaiuiii Ili)|ikiiis, 3d, 

(icoiLic IJiiiiis, EIk'Hc/.i'i- Hopkins, 

di)liii niiiiis, Samuel How, 

'I'lioinas Burns, Ahner Hntcliinson, 

Henry Codniaii. I)artlii)li)ni('\v Hnlchinson, 

rxMijaniin Conant, Benjamin Hnteliinsnn, 

dosiali ('n)si»y, Klislia Hiiti-liiiisdu. 

.losiali Crosby, jr., Jonathan Hut(diinson, 

Sampson Cros])y, Nathan Hut(diinson, 

Stephen ('rosl')y. Nathan Huli-liinson, jr., 

William Croshy, William Mdcndy. 

S.inuiel Hodue, William IV-abutly, 

dames (iiiman, Bartholomew Towne, 

A I'tlnii' ( iraliam, Jonathan Towne, 

Sanuirl (Iraham, John Wallace, and 

.Tohn (Jrimes, William Wallace, 
donatlian < Irimes, 

were constitnted the Third, or Sc. nth-west, jiarish of Am- 
herst, '* for transacting" ministerial alTairs only." 

Th(> lirst parish meetinii' under this act was held at the 
house of 'I'haddens (Jrimes, January, 1783. At this 
iiit'ctiiiLr ('apt. Nathan Hutchinson was chosen nu»derator; 
Auuiistns Blanchard, clerk ; and Augustus iilanchard, 
Lieut. Thomas Burns, and Cajjt. John Bradford, assessors. 

" Votud, ti) build a meeting-house ot" the same .size and l>i,i,Miess tiie 
north-west, parish hatli built, except the porches." 

"Voted, a connnittee to consist of three men: vi/., Lieut. Darius 
Al»bot, Capt. Josiah Crosby, and Capt. .Vndrew Bradford, to provide 
timber, boards, and shimjles, for the same, and to let the same out at 
I^ublic vendue to the lowest bidder." 

4 March, 17^:]. " Voted, to raise iiO.'), to be laid out in purchasing 
timber, boards, shimmies, slit work, and other materials for Imilding a 
meeting-house." 
6 



82 HISTORY OF AMHERST. [Chap. 

Voted to hire fifteen pounds to pay for preaching the 
current year. Capt. Natlian Hutchinson, Lieut. Tliomas 
Burns, and Capt. Jolm Bradford, were appointed a com- 
mittee to procure preaching. 

Later in the same year it was voted that the meeting- 
house should stand on a rise of ground about twenty rods 
south of Shepard's bridge ; and at another meeting, held 
the same year, Capt. Nathan Hutchinson, John Wallace, 
and John Burns, were chosen a committee to procure 
stone for underpinning the liouse ; and Josliua Burnham 
was authorized to purchase a " parish book." 

2 Marclj, 1784, it was voted to proceed with the meeting- 
house, and to begin to frame it the first Monday in June, 
and raise it as soon as possible. Capt. Nathan Hutchinson, 
Capt. Josiah Crosby, and Capt. Andrew Bradford, were 
appointed a committee to see that the meeting-house was 
framed, underpinned, and raised. 

Voted to raise twenty-five pounds to pay for preaching, 
and thirty pounds toward tlie expense of the meeting- 
house ; that three shillings per day be allowed to each man 
for work on the meeting-house, the laborer to board him- 
self, and that any person who may hereafter join the 
parish shall be exempt from any tax assessed to raise, board, 
and finish the meeting-house. 

15 June, 1784, the proposed location of the house not 
proving satisfactory, it was voted that the house should be 
set on a spot about ten rods north-west from the former 
place, between two pitch-pine stumps ; and Augustus Blan- 
chard, Lieut. Thomas Burns, Josluia Burnham, Capt. John 
Bradford, and Lieut. Benjamin Hutchinson, were appointed 
a committee to carry on the work, and make provision for 
the raising, for which they were authorized to procure one 
barrel of rum, two barrels of cider, and one quarter of 
sugar. 

The frame of the meeting-house was probably raised in 
the summer of 1784, for, 2 September, 1784, at a meeting 



v.] THIRD PARISH. 83 

of iho parish, it was voted to board it with square-edged 
hoards, and sliiimh* it, and that the hoarding and shingling 
he h.'t out t<» the h»\v('st hi{hh'r. Thr sum of £40 was voted 
t(j (h'fray the expense of fiiilher (injshing the house, and a 
coniinittoo was ap|)ointed to wait n])on Gov. Hopkins and 
get the nails he had offered to give. In November of the 
same year it was voted to provide ohiph.tards, doorsteps, 
boards for the lower floor, sashes, suital>le stuff for window- 
frames, and glass : and Capt. Nathan Hutchinson, Capt. 
William Peabody, and Capt. Josiah Crosliy, were chosen a 
committee to proxide theui.imd see tli:it they were delivered 
at the house. 

1 March, 17So. Voted to raise fifty jiounds to l)e laid 
out on (he meeting-house. 

7 March, ITS"). Voted to build psM-ches to the meeting- 
house, and appointed :i committee to see that the work was 
done as soon as the other outside work on the liouse was 
com)ilete(l. 

2") A]»ril. 17>^'». A committee was cliosen to sell the 
pew ground in the meeting-house at public vendue, to the 
highest bidder, aiul give proi)cr conveyances to the pur- 
chasers, the money arising fi'om the sales to be laid out in 
finishing the house. 

;") Septemlter, 17S."). the hiying of the lower lloor w:is let 
out at puldie vendue to Tht)mas lloynton, he proposing to 
d<^ it for thirty-nine shillings. 

A committee was appointed at the sam<' tim<' to procure 
door nnils, sec that the sills were under|iinned. and that the 
lioois were laid in a good, workmanlike^ manner. 

25 December, 1785, provision was made for furnishing 
the sashes, window frames, doors, body seats, and stulV for 
the body seats, which was let out at jjublic vendue to the 
lowest bidder. A (N^mmittce was chosen to furnish all 
necessai-y ur,it<M-ials. siud see th;it the work was done in a 
good, workmaidike manner, and tlie whole was to be com- 
pleted by the first day of the following June. 



84 HISTORY OF AMHERST. [Chap. 

March, 1787, the porches seem not to have been built at 
the time specified, as we find the parish voting to adopt the 
phm of the Temple meeting-house porches, and building in 
the same form. 

September, 1787, a committee was chosen to get the 
glass set, and tlie sashes put in the window-frames. 
XIO was voted to pay for setting the front door-steps, 
clearing up, and leveling the ground before the meeting- 
house. 

1788, William Crosb}' deeded to the parish tlie land on 
which the meeting-house stood, and a tract of land for a 
burying-ground. 

In the same year further provision was made for finishing 
the house ; the pews were sold ; and in the month of Decem- 
ber the parish voted to agree with Mr. Tlmrston, or some 
other minister, to preach six months during the coming year. 

March, 1789, twelve feet in the front of the gallery was 
appropriated for a pew for the singers, and XIO was 
voted to be laid out in work around the house. In October 
it was voted to enlarge the singers' pew, and that it be 
seventeen feet long and no longer. 

March, 1790, it was voted to build two pews at each 
end of the singers' pew, in the gallery, at the expense of 
the parish. 

27 January, 1791. A committee was appointed to treat 
with the First parish to have the Third parish set off and 
bounded by the following lines : beginning at the north- 
east corner of Ebenezer Averill's land, thence southerly, 
including Andrew and John Bradford's interest, William 
Peabody, the Widow Shepard, Jotham and Daniel Shepard, 
and John Shepard, Esquires' interest, until it conies to Sou- 
hegan river, thence by said river to Merrimack line, the 
Third parish to include all that part of Amherst lying south 
of Souliegan river. 

In June of the same year a committee, consisting of 
Joshua Burnham, Josiah Crosby, Augustus Blanchard, and 



V.J THIRD PARISH. 85 

Porter Luiuimis, was a|i|t()iiitc(l lo petition the (Iciicral 
Court to be set oti" as a parish by lines, or as a town ; and 
.£12 was votetl to p;i\ Ibcir cxpciist.'s. 

Ill . I line, 1702, the South-west {)arisli was iueoi'porated 
by the legisbiture, and its boumbiries estal>lished. 

In October of the same ye;ir the |):irish \oted to sell the 
rfUKiiuiuj;" pews ;it public \cnibie, ;iud ;i|iply the jti'oceeds of 
the Sides to the jiuiutiuLi' and I'urther linishiuu' of the liouse, 
and at the annual nieetini:' in March, ITl'S, the funds of the 
pni'ish renininiiiii" in the li;iuds of lornier collectors wci'C 
appropriated to the same purjiose; and so at hist the mcct- 
liouse wiis substantially linished. Prim- to its erection, and 
until it was in a condition to be occupied, the ]>nrishioners 
bi'ld their Snnday services in Col. SJicpanrs bain. 

Tlu^ church in the South-we.st jiarish was oruaiii/ed by 
an ecclesiastical council, which met 10 Xovember, ITSK. 
It was the eijjhteenth in order of the churches orji'ani/.cd in 
Hillsliorouu'h county, the chui'cii in the Xorth-west or 
Sccitnd ]>arish bcini:' the sixteenth, and the church in the 
Fiisl |iarish the third. The council on this occasion con- 
sisted of .Jonathan laxcrinorc. Abel Fiske. .bilm |>ruce, 
Moses Putnam, !']bene/.er Kockwood, Richard Ward. Oaniel 
Manslield, and William Uradbu'd. 

Ill the proceedings of the council, the b)llo\\ ing" persons 
are named as const it lit iiiii' the church : 

►Steplieii I'.iiriibaiii, Calel) Jones, 

Thomas Ibirns, .Tonathan Ji>nes. 

IJenjamin Conant, William Meleudy, 

IJenjamin Hutchinson, .buiatlian 'J'owne, 

Elisha Hutchinson, John Wallace, and 

Nathan Hutchinson, Jose])h Wallace : 

and attached to the covenant are the followiiiLi- additional 
names : 



86 HISTORY OF AMHERST. [Chap. 

James Wallace, Betsy Wallace, 

Hannah Bradford, Letitia Wallace, and 

Mary Burnham, Mary Wallace. 
Sarah Hutchinson, 

The first meeting of the church, after its organization, 
was held at the house of William Crosby, when Elisha 
Hutchinson was chosen clerk. Provision was made at this 
meeting for the admission of new members ; but for several 
years its growth was slow, only nineteen being present at 
the meeting in March, 1802, which gave Mr. Moore a call 
to the ministry. 

II^CORPORATION OF MILFORD. 

17 August, 1793. At a parish meeting held this day, it 
was voted to petition the General Court to be set off as a 
s parate town, and Augustus Blanchard, William Pcabody, 
Thomas Burns, Joshua Burnham, and Benjamin Hutchin- 
son were appointed a committee to treat witli the committee 
from the Mile Slip, and others, respecting being set off. 

17 October, 1793. "Voted to petition the General Court, 
in connection with the Mile Slip, Duxbury, and a part of 
Hollis, to be set off from the old town as a separate town;" 
and William Peabody, Augustus Blanchard, and Solomon 
Hopkins, were appointed a committee with full power to 
petition the General Court to be incorporated into a body 
politic, also to do every thing to fully complete the same, 
their proceedings to be ratified by the parish, which is 
to pay the expense of the same. 

At the same meeting it was " voted to make application to 
the town of Amherst for their consent that we be set oft' as 
a separate town." 

ACTION OF THE TOWN OF AMHERST. 

An application asking the consent of the town that the 
South-west parish, Duxbury, the Mile Slip, and a part of 



v.] TOWN OP MILFORD. 87 

Ilollis, slioulil l)c incorporated as a town. liaxiiiLi' lici-n 
made, the sclectiiicii callcil a inert mil;", wliii'li was lidd i!8 
Octubi'i', 1703, at \vhi(di tlir town ruled llnti the praijcr of 
Ike petitioners be granted,. si) fur as this toiru is concerned, 
on condition f.hat the petitioners pay their purt and propor- 
tion of anij del)ts nov due from the town, and continue to 
jxiij their j/roportiou of maintaining ani/ jioor to a'hose 
maintenance the toa'n of Amherst is nov snlijccl. 

Till' coiiseiit ut' tlif town of Andicist lia\iiii>- Ijccii 
obtained, an act was passed by the (Jeneral Court on the 
eleventh day of .January, 1794, incurpoiatiiiu' the town of 
-MiLi-ORD, including in tlu' new town the South-west parish 
of Amherst, the Mile Slip, Duxbury school faini,aiid a pait 
of Ilollis, the boundaries being as follows: 

iSeginning at the south-west eornei- (»f the North-west 
parish in Aiulicrst . on Lyndeborough line, thence nuining 
easterly to the north-east corner of Amos (ireen's lot, called 
the Mill lot, thence southerly in a straight line to the south- 
west corner ot the lot immbered twenty, thence easterh on 
the range line to the north-easterly corner of AVilliam Pea- 
body's land, thence southerly on the range line between 
John Shepard, Esq.'s and William Peabody's land, until it 
comes to land of John Shepard, late of Amherst, deceased, 
thence easterly to the north-east corner of the same, joining 
to land of John Shejtard, Esq., thence southei'ly by land 
of John Shepard, Es(|., aforesaid, on the range line to 
Souhegan river, thence down the middle of the same till it 
>trikes land owned by IJenjamin and Stephen Kendrick, 
thence southei'ly l)y sai<l Iveiidiick's laud to the mad lead- 
ing from David Danforth's to the town of Wilton, thence 
crossing the same and running a south j»oint to Ilollis line, 
being near l>a\ id Duncklee's land, and then to the uorlh-east 
corner of the land lately laid off from said Ilollis by their 
committee appointed for the above jjurpose, thence running 
south about twelve degrees east so as to strike the north-east 
corner of John Starnes's land, it being the iioi'th-west 



88 HISTORY OP AMHERST. [Chap. 

corner of Robert Colburne's land, thejice on the same 
course until it comes to the south-east corner of said 
Starnes's land, thence westerly by said Starnes's land 
and William Hale's land, until it comes to the north- 
west corner of said Hale's land, thence running west- 
erly to the north-east corner of Mr. Gould's land, and 
so on westerly by said Gould's and David Danforth's land 
to said Gould's north-west corner, thence turning south- 
westerly to the south-east corner of Robert Durrick's land, 
thence west fifteen degrees south until it comes to Raby 
east line, thence northerly on Raby east line until it comes 
to the south line of Amherst, thence westerly on the north 
line of said Raby to the.,south-east»kCoriLer uf'^the'Mile ^^lip, 
thence westerly to the south-west corner thereof, thence 
northerly on the east line of Mason and Wilton to the 
north-west corner of the Mile Slip, thence easterly on the 
sjuth line of Lyndeborough to the bound (irst mentioned. 

RESIDENT TAX-PAYERS IN MILFORD, 1 APRIL, 1794. 

Isaac Abbot, Richard Boynton, jr., 

Isaac Abbot, jr., Andrew Bradford, 

Samuel Abbot, • John Bradford, 

Jacob Adams, Caleb Brown, 

Ebenezer Averill, Andrew Burnam, 

Elijah Averill, Joshua Burnam, 

James Badger, Stephen Burnam, 

Reuel Baldwin, Daniel Burns, 

Joel Barker, George Burns, 

Nehemiah Barker, James Burns, 

Isaac Bartlett, John Burns, 

Augustus Blanchard, John Burns, jr., 

Isaac Blanchard, Moses Burns, 

John Blanchard, Thomas Burns, 

Simon Blanchard, Simeon Butler, 

Stephen Blanchard, .Jonathan Buxton, 

Widow Lucy Blanchard, Robert Campbell, 

Oliver Bowers, Ballard Chandler, 

John Boynton, Daniel Chandler, 

Richard Boynton, Daniel Chandler, 2d, 



v.] 



TOWN OF MILFORD. 



89 



Ricliiiiil Clark, 
Benjamin Conant, 
John Crosby, 
•losiali Crosby, 
Samson Crosby, 
Stc'2)hen Crosby, 
William Crosby, 
Kobert Darrah, 
David Duncklee, 
Daviil DnnckK'e, jr., 
.Faoob Duncklee, 
•Jacob Flinn, 
Edward Foster, 
Closes Foster, 
Henjaniin French, 
Asa (Jilmore, 
Abel Gilson, 
Asa (ioodall, 
Daniel (loodwin, 
Jonas (ireen, 
J»)hn Gutterson, 
Samuel Gutterson, 
Samuel Gutterson, 2d, 
Simeon Gutterson, 
.lonathau Hale, 
Jonathan Hale, I'd, 
Samuel Hartshorn, 
Isaac How, 
Stephen How, 
.Joseph Hoar, 
Joseph Hoar, jr., 
Joseph Hood, 
Jost'[>h Hootl, jr., 
Henjaniin Hopkins, 
Daniel Hopkins, 
John Hopkins, 
IVter Hopkins, 
Solomon Hoi>kins, 
William IIo[>kins, 
Xehemiah Howard, 
.Jeremiah Hubbard. 
Abner Hutchinson, 
Bartholomew Hutchinson, 



Benjamin Hutchinson, 
Elislia Hutcliinson, 
Nathan Hutchinson, jr. 
Timothy Hutchinson, 
Daniel .Johnson, 
Caleb Jones, 
Jonathan Jones, 
Joshua Jones, 
.Joseph Knowlton, 
Benjamin I^ewis, 
.Jonathan I^ovejoy, 
Samuel Love joy. 
Porter I.ummus, 
.lotham Lund, 
Isaac Marshall, 
John Marvell, 
.Joseph Melendy, 
Nathan Merrill, 
Joslnia Mooar, 
Stearns Needham, 
Benjamin Nevins, 
.Josiaii Osgood, 
Aaron Peabody, 
William Peabody, 
.Joseph Perry, 
Daniel Person, 
]*]bene/.er I'erson, 
Jonathan I'lielps, 
William I'owers, 
Aaron Priest, 
Nathaniel Kayment, 
.Jacob llichardson, 
lObenezer Sargent, 
Nathaniel Seavey, 
Simon Shed, 
Daniel Shepard, 
.John Shepard, 
Jotham Shepard, 
Daniel Smith, 
.John Smith, 
Isaac Southwiek. 
Nathaniel Southwiek, 
John Stearns, 



90 HISTORY OF AMHERST. [Chap. 

Edward Taylor, James Wallace, 

Widow Taylor, John Wallace, 

Widow Temple, Joseph Wallace, 

Bartholomew Towne, Widow Mary Wallace, 

Jonathan Towne, John Willard, 

Moses Towne, Benjamin Wright. 
Rebecca Upton, 

8 March, 1836. The town of Amherst appointed David 
Stewart agent to oppose the petition, then pending in the 
legislatnre, of Daniel Holt and others, asking to be set off 
from Amherst and joijied to Milford. After some delay 
the legislature passed an act, approved 20 December, 1842, 
by which a tract of land, bounded as follows, was severed 
from Amherst and annexed to Milford : commencing at a 
stone monument standing on the bank of Souhegan 
river on the dividing line between Amherst and Milford, 
thence north on said dividing line 128 rods to a stone mon- 
ument, thence south 69° east 165 rods to a stake and 
stones on land of Daniel Holt, thence south 3° east 218 
rods to a white oak tree on the bank of Souhegan river, 
thence by said river to the bound first mentioned. 

CHESTNUT HILLS. 

The formation of a town from parts of Amherst, New 
Boston, Goffstown, and Bedford, was proposed prior to 
1792. At the annual town meeting in March of that year, 
Col. Daniel Warner, Samuel Dana, Esq., Col. Robert 
Means, Joshua Atherton, Esq., and Mr. Daniel Campbell, 
were appointed to view the premises petitioned for by John 
Patterson and others, and report on the same. 

23 May, 1792, they reported "that tliey had attended 
to that service ; considered the situation of the parties with 
regard to the place of public worshi}) in said toAvn ; con- 
ferred with a committee of the town of Bedford appointed 
for the same purpose ; and received a plan of said Bedford ; 
also were favored with the company of one gentleman from 



Y.] TOWN OF MILFORD. 91 

Goirstowu ; but liatl no plan of that tt)uii, «jr New Boston ; 
but had reason to believe that a decent town mij^lit be made 
oil the ]ilan ol' the |M't itioncrs withoiif urt'al iujurv to Ibc 
towns adjoining"; l»ut did not take ujion them to judge how tar 
it may alTe'et any other town but Andier.st." 

• Willi ii'ganl to their ctMitic, ability, &c'. : With rcganl to that iiart 
of Aiiiiiurst pt'titioueil for, wt- are of oi)iiiion that the petitioners have 
been full as modest and reasonable in their request as any petitioners 
who li;ivi' heretofore endeavoreil to make dismemberments of the 
town; but we understand that a nund)er of the settlers on the most 
southerly range of lots petitioned for are averse to joining in the 
proposed new town, We think the prayer of the petition can only be 
granteil as far as follows: viz., To begin at the south-east corner of 
John Stewart's lot, thence to run west on the range line to the south- 
east corner of Benjamin Damon's lot, thence west to the west side of 
lot No. lt>3, thence south a few rods to the range line again, and on 
tliat west to the North Parish line, aiul that all the inhabitants with 
their lauds included within the line prayed for be permitted to leave 
Amherst and join with oIIkms mentioned in the petition in making a 
new town ; but until they can obtain an incorporation of a new 
town on or near their proposed plan, they be considered as liable to 
duties and entitled to privileges in Andierst in the same manner as 
they have been m times past.' 

Whicli report was aeeepted. 

This project for a division of the town failed, and, 
althDUgh it was renewed some years after, it has not been 
acctinjilished. 



92 HISTORY OF AMHERST. [Chap. 



CHAPTER YI. 

SITUATION, EXTENT, AND BOUNDARIES OF THE TOWN. DIS- 
TANCES FROM PROMINENT PLACES. SURFACE. ALTITUDES. 

STREAMS. PONDS. — -FOREST TREES AND SHRUBS. QUAR- 
RIES. FISH AND GAME. ADVENTURES OF TWO OF THE 

EARLY SETTLERS. A WOLF HUNT. REPTILES. ATMOSPHERIC 

CHANGES. — INDIANS. STORY OF JOE ENGLISH. 

The town of Amherst is situated in the southerly part of 
the county of Hillsborough, in the State of New Hampshire, 
in latitude 42° 51' north. It lies on both sides of the 
Souhegan river, the principal part being on the nortliern 
side. 

Its length from north to south, according to a survey 
made in 1806, is 9 miles and 170 rods. Its greatest width 
is about 5 miles, and its least width 2 miles and 242 rods, 
comprising an area of about 22,000 acres, of which about 
500 are covered with water. 

It is bounded on the nortli by Bedford and New Boston, 
on the east by Bedford and IMerrimack, on the south by 
Hollis and Milford, and on the west by Milford and Mont 
Vernon. 

Its distance from Concord is 28 miles ; from Manchester, 
12 miles ; from Nashua, 10 miles ; from Portsmouth, 53 
miles ; and from Washington, 484 miles. 

Its surface is broken and nneven. Near the Souhegan is 
a strip of valuable interval land. Adjoining this, at a 
higher elevation, are large tracts of sandy plain land, 
formerly thickly covered with a growth of pitch pines. 
Along the wata»" <)ourses are considerable tracts of meadow 



VT.] crnnENT kvent.^. 93 

hind. At ;i lii'^luM- clcviitiuii. the hill-sides alTord exccllont 
ura/.iiiu hiiid, and when nnxh'rately free from rocks are 
well a(hi|»tod to airi'i<'ult Mi:d j)iir|»oses, antl with jii-opcr earo 
\icld an aliiinthint i-c\\:ird to the hnshandnian. In othi'i' 
parts they arc as hard and sti'on*^ as uranitc can make 
them, and are fitted only foi" the production of fuel and 
timl)er. 

Chestnut Hill, in the iKjrth-Ciisf \k\v\\ adjoininL!' Xcw 
IJoston, is the most elevated land in town. Walnut hill, in 
the east |>art of the town : Wilkins's hill, south of tin- 
\illa<2:e; Christian hill, in the west j)art of the town; and 
Moderator's hill, north of tjie villau'C, arc the prinrjpnl 
elevations. 

The altitude of tlie Wiltou railroad at Andierst station is 
said to be :i.")t» feet al)ove mean tide water; of Amherst 
plain, in front of the town-house, 427 feet ; an<l of Mont 
\'ernon \illai:"c. one of the highest |»oints in the ori'^'iiial 
township of Souhe.u'an West, 77d feet, ny i!7<» feet hiiiher 
than the surface of Lake W^innijiiseogec. 

>Souhegaii river crosses the town, runninu- in a south- 
easterly course. Beaver brook rises in the north jiart of 
Mont Vernon, runs in a southerly direction nc'irly the 
w hole lentith of that town and passes into Andierst, where it 
runs in a southerly course through ITolt's meadow, thence 
elianu'inu" its course to an easterly direction it passes north 
and east of the villatre, after which it pursues a southerly 
course and falls into tlx- Souheiran. 

Prince's, or liabboosuck, brook runs in a south-easterly 
dii'cction from Joe Euiilish's pond in the ncu'th-west |»art 
of the town, to within a few rods of Babl>oosuck |iond. where 
it suddenly chamres its course to the north-east. In a 
short time it again changes its course to a south-easterly 
direction, and passes into Bedford, continuing on the 
•same course through a c(Mner of that town, and Merrimick, 
it empties into the Souhegan. In its course through 
Amherst it receives Damon's, Stiles's, and <jther brooks as 



94 HISTORY OF AMHERST. [Chap. 

tributaries, and in Bedford it receives Pulpit brook, which 
passes through the north-east part of Amherst into that town. 

Babboosuclv pond, which was wholly within the limits of 
Amherst, as it was originally laid out, is in the east part of 
the town, and is estimated to cover an area of about 380 
acres. A small brook connects it with Little Babboosuck, 
or Weston's pond. 

Joe English's pond, in tbe north-west part of the town, 
lies partly in New Boston, partly in Mont Vernon, and 
partly in Amherst, the larger part being in Amherst. 

Damon's pond is a small pond in the north-east part of 
the town ; and Stearns's pond, anotlier small pond, is in 
tlie south part of the town. 

Most of the varieties of forest trees and shrubs common 
in southern New Hampshire abound in Amherst. The 
mountain chestnut oak, somewhat rare in other parts of 
the State, grows abundantly on Wilkins's hill. 

The white pine is still ])lcnty, but the monarchs of the 
warm iiillsides, with trunks four or five feet in diameter, 
extending upward a hundred or a lumdred and twenty-five 
feet, have almost entirely disappeared. The axe and the 
fire have been busy in their destruction. 

The smaller wild fruits are produced in abundance, and 
latterly hundreds of bushels of the several varieties are sent, 
in their season, to Boston and other cities. 

Granite abounds, and, in some parts of the town, is found 
of a fine quality. A few ledges have been opened, where it 
is quarried for building purposes. Ledges of crystalized 
quartz occasionally occur. Limestone has been found in 
the north-east part of the town, and iron ore exists in small 
quantities. Deposits of clay are found, from which brick 
and earthen ware are manufactured. About a mile east of 
the plain is a mineral spring, the water of which is thought 
to be useful in the treatment of some diseases. 

The ponds and brooks were once well stocked witli fish, 
and the salmon formerly passed up the Souhegan in the 



YL] CURRENT EVENTS. 95 

s|»rinji; time. They are said to have been caught from the 
river at East Wilton as hite as 1774. Witliiu a few years 
Whiek hass liaxc Ix'eii iiiti'ddueeil inti) IJabbuusuck pond. 

(iaiiie was |ileiity in the enrly (hiys of the settlement, but 
the hirii'er animals have lonu' since disappeared. The black 
bear was freipiently met with by the early settlers. Tra- 
dition has it that one of them, a yoniiii' man. had Imill a 
(•al»in (tn Walnnt hill, aiul, not deeming" it i>;ood for man to 
lie alone, had contracted a habit of crossin<^ the townshij) 
frec(uently to a dwellin"' in the vicinity of Shepard's mills. 
On one of tiiesc excursions he met a she bear and a eimple 
III' cubs. Not carinu" to reeei\-e a hnir from Mistress ib-nin, 
he. like a |irndent man. left the path ami walked around 
her, and in dm' tinn' aii'i\('(| sal'ely at his joiii-ney's eml, 
where we may supjiose he received end)raees of a nmre 
aiii'eealde kind. 

Wolves abounded, and were a source of sonn' tronlile to 
the early settlers. ( )n one occasion a yonnir man, from the 
west part of the town, who was returninu- from some merry- 
makinii- on th(> |»lain, where he had furnished the music, 
found that a |)ack of these animals was followiuii; him. .\s 
they were cominu; uncomfortably near, he climbed a lariic 
rock, near the roadside, where he was out of theii- reach, 
and spent the remaimlei- of the niuld. To while awa\ the 
time he played on his liddle to his yelpinu" audience, who 
assemldcd around the i%)ck, and remaine(l there until day- 
liiiht, when they left him to pursue his journey. 

On aiiothei- occasiitn, when they were unusually plenty 
and trouiilesome. the men anil boys turned out one day 
rn nidssfi iohuwX them. They linally succe<'(led in drivinir 
them into a small swamj), al)out a nule and a half north- 
west of the olil nu'ctiuji-house, which the hunters sur- 
rounded, and kept up an incessant discharirc of firearms 
and lieatini:- of drums throuirh the day. Some of the wolves 
escajied durinu' the daytime, and the rest decampeil at intiht 
and sought more (juiet lodgings elsewhere. 



96 HISTORY OF AMHERST. [Chap. 

Deer were occasionally killed, and rarely a moose. One of 
the latter is said to have been shot as late as 1771, on the 
flat near the brook north of the jail. 

The birds common in tliis part of the country were form- 
erly much more abundant than at present. The red-breast 
robin, the bluebird, and sparrow, came in the early spring- 
time to cheer the settlers in their labors. Later came the 
bobolink, the swallow, and the golden robin, with his mag- 
nificent plumage and song. Wild geese occasionally 
alighted in the ponds, on their semi-annual migrations, and 
afforded a mark for the sportsman. In seasons when the 
crop of nuts and acorns was abundant, the woods were 
filled with partridges and wild pigeons. Several dozens of 
the latter were often taken at a time in nets j^repared for 
the purpose. 

Many varieties of birds once common are now rarely met 
with, owing to their wanton destruction, and the clearing up 
of the forests which afforded them food and shelter. 

Rattlesnakes were occasionally met with. A daughter 
of Mr. Abel Prince, who has recently deceased, used to 
relate that her father killed a large one, many years since, 
that used to frighten the cows as she drove them past his 
den to pasture on summer mornings. 

Water and spotted adders, black, striped, and green 
snakes, are frequently seen. It seems to be the habit of 
these reptiles to pass the winter together in a torpid state, 
in caverns among the ledges, or in holes under the roots 
of trees. A den of this kind was discovered some years 
since in the easterly part of the town, from which eighteen 
black snakes, averaging five feet each in length, were taken ; 
beside these three or four striped snakes were found in the 
den. 

ATMOSPHERIC CHANGES. 

Sudden and extreme changes in temperature occasionally 
occur. A change of fifty degrees is said to have taken 



VI.] ATMOSPHERIC CHANGES. 97 

pliico ill tlio ciu-lifcrii lioiirs jMccciliiiti; the inonihig of the 
iiicnioriililo cold Fridiiy, 19 Jjinuarv, 1810, and chancres as 
uroat and smldcii liave since been noticed. 

ri'o1>al)ly the coldest day experienced in this State, tlie 
pi-csciit contiiry, was 24 Jannary, 1857, wlien the tlier- 
mometer indicated — 37°. The sky was remarkably clear, 
and a strono: north-west wind blew all day. This extreme 
cold was followed, within forty-ciuht hours, by a rain- 
storm. 

Other cold days noted within seventy-five years liave 
been— 1810. 19 Jannary, —14° ; 30 Jannary, 1818, —22° : 
11 Frhniary, 1818, —32°; 12 Febrnary, i818, —26°: 1 
Febrnary, 1826, —24° ; 6 Jannary, 1835, —25° ; 30 Jan- 
nary, 1854, —28°; 7 Febrnary, 1855, —28° ; 18 January, 
1857, —20° ; 25 Jannary, 1857, —25° : 11 Jannary, 1859, 
—34° ; 14 Janniiry. 1861,-25° ; 8 Fe])rnarv. 1^61," -30° : 
5, 6, and 8, Febrnarv, 1863, —22° ; 14 March, 18t)3, —23°. 

Some of the ojtposite extremes have been — 30 Jnne,1819, 
+93°; 10, 11, 12, and 13, July. 1825. aveia-ed +95° at 
noon; 13 July, 1849, +100= : 25 :ind 26 June, 1864, 
+100°: 3 Anii-ust, 1864,— the highest reported,— +103° : 
16 July, 1868, +102°. 

The average snow-fall for each of the twenty-five last 
winters, according to the record kept by Hon. William L. 
Foster, of Concord, has been about six feet and eight 
inches. The averag<^ rain-fall of each year has been 32.85 
inches. 

The greatest rain-fall within that tinn' was on tlic thii'd 
and fourth davs of October, 1869, when ~\ inches of water 
fell, (hiing a vast amount of damage to highways, bridges, 
dams, and mills. 

The greatest amount of sn<iw at any oik^ storm was on 
the 4 Jannary, 1859, when two feet fell. 
^ Very few Indians remained in the townshij) when the 
{'\rst settlements were commenced. Those who lived here 
were a i>art of the Penacook tribe, whose head-quarters 
7 



98 HISTORY OF AMHERST. . [Chap. 

were near the Merrimack, in the territory now nccnpied by 
the city of Concord. 

Their relics are occasionally found in various parts of 
the town, principally in the vicinity of the larger streams 
and ponds, and it is said that skeletons, supposed to be 
those of Indians, have been washed from their graves on the 
banks of the Souhegan. 

It is not unlikely that tliey resorted to the falls in the 
river at Merrimack and Milford, in the fishing season, for 
the salmon tliat formerly went up the river. Probably the 
town was frequently visited by hunting parties in quest of 
bears, deer, and other game. One of these hunters, belonging 
to another tribe, who sometimes visited the town on hunting 
excursions, deserves mention. 

Joe English was a grandson of Masconnomet, a chief of 
some note who lived at Agawam, now Ipswich, Mass. He 
served for the English in the war which commenced in 
1689, and was taken prisoner by hostile Indians while 
in company with a party of whites in the north part of 
Dunstable, near Pennichuck brook, and carried to Canada. 
While in captivity he pretended to be greatly exasperated 
against the whites, saying they had deceived him, and he 
would trust them no longer. 

He finally managed to make his escape, and returned to 
Dunstable, where he was employed as a scout. 

The Indians never forgave him for deceiving them, and 
formed many plans to waylay and capture him. 

Once, while hunting on the hill tliat bears his name, in 
New Boston, it is said he was pursued by one of the hostile 
Indians. Being well acquainted with the ground, he ran 
rapidly around the hill, the other Indian being in full 
pursuit. Running near a precipice, he slackened his gait, 
and his pursuer redoubled his exertions to reach him. 
At the proper place Joe stepped aside from the path, 
while his enemy, being unable to stop, plunged over the 
precipice, and was dashed to pieces. 



VT.] JOE EXGLTSH. 99 

"27 .Inly, 17<lG, Joe and anotlior scout woi-o (Mn)ilovcd to 
o-iiai'd [>i<'ut. Biittoi'licld and wito. who were ioiii"iievin<T 
riiiiii iMiiistalilc to Chehnsford. They were nioiintod on 
Iiorschack, and were preccilod by Joe witli his ^iiii loaded, 
tlic other scont following in the rear. 

Just after they crossed Ilolden's hrook, in Tyimshorouirli, 
they wtTt' llrcd iijion hy a pai'ty nf Indians, and Cajit. 
r>ntterlield's liorse was killed. Tlir Indians rnshed for- 
uai'd for their ))rey. (^ii)t. Ihitt(MTield and the soldier 
I'scapcd, lint ^Trs. Diitti'i'lii'Id was captiii'ed. 

As Joe was the person ahove all others the Indians 
wished to secnre, they jjursned him. lie had gone iou far 
tVoni the bridge to retreat in that dii-ection, and esi)ying a 
LH-owth of woid on the It'tl he made l"oi- it at t'nll speed. 
l'('i-c('iving that liis pnrsners gained on him, he stojipcd, 
inrni'd round, and j)resentcd his musket when they fell to 
the uround. After taking breath, he i-esnmcd his (light, 
the Indians continuing in pursuit. This course he con- 
tinued for some time, when <»nc of the j)ursuers, thinking 
he would eseajie, liied at him ami ilisabled the arm 
with which he carried his gun, which he dropped, and 
ran with greater speed than before. Just as he was 
enterimi the woods, another bullet entered liis thigh, which 
Iii'ouLiht him to the ground. 

The Indians were greatly elated, and on coming up began 
to taunt him. Joe, well knowing the fate that awaited him, 
mailc a gesture and a I'eplx' which so |irovoked them that 
they dispat(die<l him at once with their tomahawks. 

His death was lamiuited as a |>ul)lic loss, and the (Jeneral 
Court granted a sum of money to his widow and (diildren, 
"•!) 'cause he hail died in the service of his countrv." 



L.cfC. 



100 HISTORY OF AMHERST. [Chap. 



CHAPTER YII. 

1762-1800. 
TOWN OF AMHERST. 

PROHIBITION OF THE SALE OF SPIRITUOUS LIQUORS ON THE 

SABBATH. FOURTH DIVISION OF LOTS AND DISSOLUTION OF 

THE PROPRIETY. SUNDRY VOTES OF THE TOWN. THE 

" COUNTY " BRIDGE. THE " DARK " DAY. TROUBLES, LOCAL 

AND GENERAL, AFTER THE CLOSE OF THE REVOLUTION. PETI- 
TION TO THE GENERAL COURT, AND SIGNERS' NAMES. CUR- 
RENCY TROUBLES. TROUBLE WITH LAWYERS AND SHERIFFS. 

PETITION TO THE GENERAL COURT FOR RELIEF. MEASURES 

OF RELIEF PROPOSED, AND ACTION OF THE TOWN. THE 

MOB AT EXETER, SEPTEMBER, 1786, AND ITS SUPPRESSION BY 

PRESIDENT SULLIVAN. PROVISION FOR THE ENTERTAINMENT 

OF THE REVEREND CLERGY ON ELECTION DAY AT CONCORD. — 

GENERAL WASHINGTON'S VISIT TO THE STATE. THE GREAT 

FROST OF 1794. MEETING OF THE LEGISLATURE IN AMHERST. 

CHANGE IN THE TIME OF HOLDING THE ANNUAL TOWN- 
MEETING. — DISSENSIONS CAUSED BY PARTY POLITICS. DE- 
SCRIPTION OF THE ANNUAL MEETING IN MARCH, 1799, BY 
" AMPHION." 

In calling the town-meeting held 9 March, 1761, the town 
was divided into two districts. The voters in that part of the 
town lying east of the road leading from Lyon's bridge to the 
meeting-house, and onward east of the New Boston road to 
New Boston line, were warned by Constable Thomas Clark; 
those living west of that line were warned by Constable 
William Bradford. 



VII.] CURRENT EVENTS. 101 

At the iinniial ini't'tiii_ti" in IT'lii tlit- town 

" VotcMl, To proliiliit persons that have lii-enscd liousi-s from selling 
spirituous liiiuors on the Lord's daj' to the Inhabitants of this town, 
or to any pi-rsons that constantly attend the pnhlic worship of Hod in 
this town, and to annex a penalty of eii,ditt'en shillin<4s new tenor for 
every half i^ill, and the same for every pint of cider sold contrary to 
this order, the same to be recovered by common ])roeess, with costs of 
prosecution." 

Also vutoil that this vote he sent tn tlic Conrt nf (It-nfial 
Sessions of tiie jicaee lor their a|»prol)ation. 

At the annnal nieelinu- in 17<)5 they ••xotcd that thr 
sni'veyoi's keeji the roads oihmi next winter aecordini;" to 
their discretion." To aid in (h)in,ii; this they were to he 
entitled to tiic same helj) they had in snmnier. 

19 Augnst, 1765, William Peabody and John Shejiani 
stated, in a petition to the General Conrt, that Josinia 
Hicks, Es(p, of Salem, was for many years treasnrer of the 
proprietors of Sonhegan West, and that many of the pro- 
jirictors JKul ncsileeted to pay the assessments oi-dcriMJ upon 
their lots; that Major Hieks advanced ni(^ney on his (jwn 
acconnt to defray the expenses of the propriety, whereby the 
propriet<»rs were indclttcil to him to thi' amount of about tour 
hundred pounds, Massachusetts currency ; that he die(l some 
four years since, and they were anxious to pay the heirs of the 
estate the Italance justly due them: whcri'forc they asked 
leave to sell the lands of the delimpienf pro|»rietors to 
enable them so to do. 

Leave was granted 4 .Func 17ti6. 

The selectmen were this year instructed to j»rocuiv a set 
of weights and measures for the use of the town. 

SHIRK TOWN. 

14 March, 1708, the town 

" Voted to allow those persons in town that exerted themselves last 
fall, in order to have Amherst made a sliire town, four iiouuds, thir- 
teen shillings, and four iienco lawful money." 



102 BISTORT OF AMHERST. [Chap. 

12 December, 1769. A number of the citizens having 
asked leave to build and have seats on the beams of the 
meeting-house, the town granted their request. 

FOURTH DIVISION OF LOTS ; DISSOLUTION OF THE PROPRIETY. 

15 October, 1770, William Peabody, Solomon Hutchin- 
son, and Daniel Campbell, were appointed a committee to 
lay out the common lands in the township. 

A record of this, the fourth division of lots among the pro- 
prietors, in the hand-writing of Daniel Campbell, Esq., is 
preserved in the proprietors' book of records, and the 
propriety seems to have been dissolved shortly after. 

XI 20 lawful money was appropriated for tlie repairs of 
highways at the annual meeting in March, 1772, and it was 
voted that the work on the highways sliould be done between 
tlie twentieth day of May and the last of September. Two 
thilUngs and eight pence was allowed for a full day's work of 
a man, one shilling and four pence a day for a yoke of 
oxen, and eight pence a day for the use of a cart. 

22 June, 1774, the town voted that Deacon Baldwin erect 
a post near the meeting-house, with a box luiving a glass 
face, in which the warrants for town-meetings shall be 
placed by the officers calling the same. Also, " voted that 
the warrants exposed to view in the box by the constable 
on all the public days between the date of the warrant and 
day of meeting shall be sufficient warning for the inhab- 
itants of Amherst." 

18 September, 1776. The committee of safety was 
authorized by the legislature to take care of sundry perish- 
able articles belonging to the estate of Zaccheus Cutler, 
Esq., a refugee. 

31 March, 1777. The town voted to remit the poll tax 
of those persons who served as soldiers in the Continental 
army the whole of last year. 

10 June, 1777. Voted, in case there should be an imme- 
diate call for men to serve in the Continental army, to allow 



YTT.] CURRENT EVENTS. 103 

those who are (lis))oscd to enlist the same cnc(jnra>(ein('nt 
that has heretofore been piiid, nnd to assess the ainoiiiit 
necessary for its payment ii|miii the |m)1Is and estates of the 
inhabitants of the town. (Japt. Stephen Peabody, Cajjt. 
He/.ekiali Lovejoy, and Mr. Solomon Kittredj>c, were 
aj)i>ointed a committee to procnre soldiers on the terms 
mentioned above. 

Col. Xahiini Hahlwin, Mr. Stephen Bnrnam, Mi'. William 
Wallace, Mr. Andrew Bi'adford, and Mr. Timothy Smith, 
were chosen a committee to allix and settle prices upon 
snndry articles. 

The Mile Slip had only a partial town orj:ani/,ation, and 
its inhabitants were a law to themselves. Hence it became 
a sort of Texas, to which the fathers sometimes resorted in 
times of trouble. A bridge across the Soidiegan, within its 
limits, became necessary to accommodate the travel between 
Amherst and Wilton, and as no town was liabh- by law to 
build and support it, an act was ])asscd by the General 
Court, '2 A])ril, 1770, "to oblige the connty of Hillsborough 
to build and maintain a bridge across the Souhegan river 
in the Mde Sliji, so called." This was the origin of the 
*• County " bridge now in Milford. 

THE DARK D.\Y OF 1780. 

The famous "dark day" occurred 10 May, 17S0. The 
monung was ushered in by a very dark cloud hanging over 
the west and north-west, attended with thunder. The wind 
from the south-west brought over a numbt.'r of clouds from 
that (piai'tei". 

The darkness began about nine o'clock in the morning, 
and at, twelve o'clock it was as dark as evening. Candles 
were Righted ; domestic fowls repaired to their roosts : 
night birds appeared : and the cattle gathered about the 
barns. Objects could be discerned at a small distance only. 
ThC' clouds put on a strange, brassy, copper color. 



104 HISTORY OP AMHERST. [Chap. 

The darkness abated at about twelve, and at three o'clock 
in the afternoon it was no darker than on an ordinary 
cloudy day. 

Though the moon fulled the day before, the darkness 
returned at night, and soon became total, and continued 
until about midnight. Its whole duration was about four- 
teen hours. It extended all over the New England States 
and westward as far as Albany. To the southward it was 
observed all along the sea-coast, and to the north as far as 
settlements had been made. Many of the people were very 
much frightened, and thought the day of judgment was at 
hand. The darkness was supposed to have been occasioned 
by the smoke from numerous fires at the westward, com- 
bined with a thick fog from the sea. 

The winter of 1780-81 is said to have been the coldest 
ihat had been experienced in New England for forty years. 
From about the 15th of February to the 15th of March the 
snow did not melt on the south sides of buildings in shel- 
tered situations, and on the 24th of April the heavy tim- 
bers used in the frame of the North-west parish meeting- 
house were drawn on the snow crust over fences and rocks. 

The dissensions between the different sections of the 
town, conniiencing with the building of the second meeting- 
house, 1771-74, and aggravated by the settlement of Mr. 
Barnard, in 1780, were not healed by the division of the 
town into parishes, as is shown by the following petition 
sent to the General Court by citizens of the First parish, in 
February, 1783, which sets forth the unhappy state of 
affairs in town at that time. 

STATE OF NEW HAMPSHIRE. 

HILLSBOROUGH SS. 

To the Honorable the Gentlemen of the Council and the Honorable 
the Gentlemen of the House of Representatives, in General Court 
assembled. 

The Petition of simdry Persons, Inhabitants of the Old Paiish in 
Amherst, whose names are hereunto subscribed, hmnbly sheweth : 



VIL] INTERNAL DISSENSIONS. 105 

That, at the session uf the general Court held at Exeter, in May, 
Anno Domini 1761, sundry persons, whose names are given, obtained 
an act discharging them from that time, the Polls of their respective 
iamilies & Estates from any future support of the Gospel ministry and 
other expense attending public worship at Mr. Barnard's meeting- 
house, as particularly mentioned in said Act, and erecting them into 
a distinct Tarish, with incidental powers, still leaving the said I'arisli- 
iouers to act with the remaining part of the town of Amherst in all 
other matters proper to such a corporate body. 

And Whereas the disuniting a body corporate in some things most 
commonly does, and prol)ably always will, while human nature 
remains the same, disunite them in other nnitters, and such a partic- 
ular disunion is but little else but to set them at perpetnal variance 
and discord, a most unhappy situation, which the unfortunate 
sufferers lament in vain. While such particular laws, perhaps too 
little adapted to the general good, made to gratify a minority, on the 
spur of present heat and opposition, always against the great rule 
that the majority must govern, chain each struggling Party to the uiirr- 
lenting enemy of human happiness, Contentiu.n. 

And it is the misfortune of these partial separations that they do 
not redress, but increase, the evils they are intended to remedy. 

This we tind to be our unhappy case in common with all those 
Towns where such divisions have been encouraged l>y law. Instances 
would be burthensoine to your honors. 

Your petitioners do not presume in this instance to counteract what 
the legislative body have thought proper to pass into a law ; but their 
unhappy situation compels them to such redress in your power and 
wisdom, and thereby extricate themselves from the bondage of con- 
t HI ual discord, party factions, and (hose little uneasy arts which are 
but too easily practiced by disunited spirits. 

i'hose separate interests, so established by Law in this place, make 
uur town-meetings scenes of confusion, irregularity, and vexation. 
Permit us to part with one of them, and to a,sk your Honors that the 
I'crsons above named, who iiave chosen to be separated in part, may be 
st>parated from us wholly. We, tlierefore, yo.ur petitioners, do humbly 
pray that your honors woiilil cause it to be enacted tliat tiie Polls and 
Estates aforesaid, so set otY in ministerial matters, may be wholly 
>eparated from us in all matters whatsoever. Your Honors have 
ample power to confer on them any privileges necessary for 
their welfare, unconnected with us, and we do not wish to retain them 
to our mutual rcxation. Nothing herein to alter the jiresent method of 
paying Rev. Mr. Wilkins's salary. 



106 



HISTORY OF AMHERST. 



[Chap. 



And we hereby do empower Messrs. Daniel Campbell, Samuel 
Wilkins, Thomas "Wakefield, and Ebenezer Weston, or any two of 
them, to prefer this Petition to the General Court and to carry the 
same into effect, with full power to appoint one or more agents on 
our behalf for the same purpose. 

All which is humbly submitted by your Petitioners, who, as in 
Duty bound, will ever pray. 



Signed by 

Joshua Atherton, 
Nahum Baldwin, 
Ephraim Barker, 
Moses Barron, 
Ebenezer Batchelder, 
John Batchelder, 
Aaron Boutell, 
Amos Boutel], 
Joseph Boutell, 
Joseph Boutell, jr., 
Kendal Boutell, 
Enos Bradford, 
William Bradford, 
Daniel Campbell, 
Benjamin Clark, 
Benjamin Clark, jr., 
Joseph Coggin, 
Joseph Coggin, jr., 
Eleazer Cole, 
Jacob Curtice, 
Samuel Dana, 
William Dana, 
Andrew Davis, 
Benjamin Davis, 
Bartholomew Dodge, 
John Eaton, 
Ebenezer Ellin wood, 
Jedediah Ellinwood, 
Ralph Ellinwood, 
Rolandson Ellinwood, 
Francis Elliott, 
Elisha Felton, 
William Fisk, 



Amherst, Feb'y ye 2-ith, 1783. 

Amos Flint, 
Amos Flint, jr., 
Nathan Fuller, 
James Hartshorn, 
John Hartshorn, 
John Hartshorn, jr., 
Timothy Hartshorn, 
William Hartshorn, 
Samuel Henry, 
Timothy Hill, 
David Hildreth, 
Jeremiah Hobson, 
Ebenezer Holt, 
Reuben Holt, 
William Howard, 
Isaac Jaquith, 
Joseph Jewett, 
Tunothy Jones, 
Joshua Kendall, 
Nathan Kendall, 
Nathan KendaU, jr., 
Stephen Kendrick, 
Henry Kimball, 
Moses Kimball, 
Moses Kimball, jr., 
Jonathan Lainpson, jr., 
Francis Love joy, 
Hezekiah Love joy, 
Jacob Lovejoy, 
John Lovejoy, 
Edward Lyon, 
James McKean, 
Robert Means, 



VTL] 



INTERNAL DISSENSIONS. 



107 



William Stowart, 
Saiiiui'l Stfanis, 
Saimu'l Taylor, 
Jonathan Taylor, 
William Taylor, 
Israi'l Townt", 
-fiiiui Tuck, 
Anios Trufl, 
.lolm Twiss, 
Samuel Twiss, 
I'liiut'luis I'pliam, 
Thomas Wakt'Kold, 
William Walk.-r, 
William Walton, 
Slfphen Wasln'r, 
Kbt'uezer Weston, 
Ebeuezer Weston, jr., 
Thomas Weston, 
Aaron Wilkins, 
Andrew Wilkins, 
Ui'MJamin Wilkins, 
Benjamin ^^'ilkins, jr., 
Benjamin Wilkins, ;J.l, 
Samuel Wilkins, 
Davi.l Williams. 
Thomas ^^'oolson. 



liinjamin Merrill, 
KiMihen Mussey, 
luiihen I). Mussey, 
Aaron Xi<'hols, 
i'iniothy Nichols, jr., 
William O.lall, 
\\illi;i:ii Oclall. jr.. 
Joshua I'eltinyill, 
.Nathan Thelps, 
iiiiijamin Pike, 
IWnjumiu I'ike, jr., 
.\l)el Prince, 
.loseph Prince, 
Kohert Head, 
.John Holiy, 
-Joseph HoUings, 
John Seatou, 
Samuel Seaton, 
Andrew Shannon, 
Joseph Small, 
William Small, 
Jacob Stanley, 
Samuel Stanley, 
Daniel Stevens, 
Thomas Stevens, 
David Stewart, 
John .Stewart, 

\(t action soeuis to liave been taken by the lo^i.slatiire on 
tills petition, and the desired roliof was not obtained for 
some years. 

While the eitizens of the town were divided into factions, 
and their ineetin<^s were scenes of discord and confnsion, 
the eoiMitry at hirge was in an eijiially nnsatisfactory con- 
dition. 

A jieriod of distress and depression was then [irevailing^ 
greater tlian had been experienced (hiring the sharpest 
crises of the striigule lor iinh-pondi'iu'c 

Tlie goveriunent was weak and inellicient ; money was 
scarce ; the country and tlie people were heavily in debt ; 
and credit, public and private, was well nigh destroyed. 



108 HISTORY OF AMHERST. [Chap. 

Complaints were made of the attorneys and officers of 
the Law, that tliey sought to advance their own selfisli 
interests to the ruin of their fellow-citizens ; and the peo- 
ple, indignant at such a course, assembled in some 
instances to prevent the sessions of the courts. 

An assemblage of this kind took place in Keene in tlie 
month of October, 1782, which was frustrated in part in its 
designs by the address of Attorney-General Sullivan. 

In the midst of these troubles the following petition, 
from citizens of Amherst and others, was presented to the 
legislature at its session in February, 1783. 

To the Honorable Council and House of Representatives of the 
State of New Hampshire, in General Court assembled, at Exeter, on 
the second Wednesday of February, 1783. 

The prayer of your humble petitioners, inhabitants of the town of 
Amherst, and others, in the County of Hillsborough, hereby sheweth : 

That your petitioners have beheld, and do still behold, with great 
concern and resentment the numerous needless lawsuits that have 
commenced the year past, and that are still commencing and carrying 
on in this State, and more especially in this County, purely for pri- 
vate debts, it being a time of great scarcity, not only of the necessaries 
of life, but also of the silver currency in this State, when all the 
money that can be found in this state is scarcely sufficient to pay our 
public taxes and procure the absolute necessaries of life ; — 

Therefore private debts cannot be suddenly paid in money, without 
great neglect of public debts and damage to the public cause. 

Neither are private debts often to be recovered at this day by sueing, 
for all the money that can be procured is little enough to satisfy 
attornies and under sheriffs (which your petitioners think are too 
numerous in this County), so that the Creditors often take notes for 
their dues after the debts are sued, and leave said notes in the hands 
of their Attorneys, where their debtors are quickly exposed to pay the 
same, or a greater cost, over again, for as though the cost of sueing in 
the County where both debtor and Creditor reside is too little, the 
practice is begun of sueing in another County, where neither debtor 
or creditor reside, which augments the cost, and is a practice which 
your petitioners view as very unjust and unreasonable in common 
cases. 

Your petitioners are of opinion that if this extraordinary sueing be 
not seasonably prevented, it will have a very bad effect on our public 



VIT.] INTERNAL DISSENSIONS. 100 

affairs, as it hath a temlency to ilisimito, iinhitter, and alienate the 
affections of the good Subjects of tlie State from each other, in a 
time when peace, harmony, and congriiity, are very needful, yea, the 
greater part of our human strength. 

This excessive sueing, if not prevented, will till our gaols with 
honest laborious husbandmen and mechanics, and therefore Ifave our 
soil in a measure uncultivated, and our manufactories damaged. It 
-will starve our army in the field, and our civil and ecclesiastical 
officers at home. It will starve the poor and needy, and greatly debil- 
itate the wealthy. It will greatly encourage and embolden our 
external and internal enemies, but discourage our sincere but injured 
friends. Tt will l)uild up lawyers and sheriffs only, and that upon the 
ruin and destruction of their fellow-men. 

Therefore it appears needful to your petitioners that something 
Constitutional be speedily done, in order to prevent this increasing 
calamity: oth'^rwise we mav exp3ct that something will be dom* 
nncoustitutionally, the dangerous tendency and consequence of which 
your petitioners would greatly deprecate. 

Thereft)re, for the above reasons, your petitioners hereby pray that 
this Honorable Court would take the above case into their most 
serious consideration, and, by a wise and prudent act, prevent this 
extraordinary cost of lawsuits, and establish some more reasonable 
way for the recovery of private debts in this time of public calamity 
by making such lands, goods, chattels, lumber, &c., as the debtor is pos- 
sessed of, to he a lawful tender for debts at such prices as shall be set 
upon such goods, &c., by faithful men chosen for that pur]iose, or such 
men as the debtor and creditor shall choose themselves, which may be 
done with little cost and without the cost of any lawsuit. 

However, your petitioners submit the particular method of ]iroceed- 
ure in this matter to the wisdom and prudence of this Honorable 
Court, trusting, as you ride for GOD, and are interested in the com- 
mon welfare and happiness of your Country, and are touched with a 
fellow feeling for the calamities of the meanest of your subjects, that 
you are able and Milling to point out and establish a method far 
superior to any pointed out by your petitioners, both for the redress of 
grievances and for the safety of this State, in patient expectation of 
which, your petitioners, as in dutyboimd, shall ever pray. 

Signed by Robert Parker. Joshua T.ovejoy, I.ieut. John Patter>on, 
James Woodbury, .fohn liradford. Richard Ward, and forty-four 
..th.'rs." 

As a moasuro of roliff, the loirislatiirc. early in ITSo, 
passed an act making property of most kinds a tender, at 



110 HISTORY OF AMHERST. Chap.] 

an a]ipraised value, for the payment of debts ; but the effect 
of tlie law, contrary to the design of its makers, was to 
render specie still more scarce ; and, as creditors were 
unwilling to receive property for their claims which they 
could not turn into cash, their demands remained unpaid. 

Conventions were held in several towns and in most of 
the counties of the State for the purpose of devising some 
means of deliverance from the troubles in which the peo- 
ple were involved. 

One of these Avas held at Goffstown in the month of May, 
178G, to which Col. Daniel Warner was chosen a delegate, 
at a town meeting held on the third of that month ; but no 
record appears of any report made by him of its proceedings. 

Among the measures proposed for the relief of the 
people at this time were the abolition of the Court of Com- 
mon Pleas and the establishment of town courts in its place, 
and that not more than two lawyers should be allowed in 
any county. 

Also, that a large amount of State notes should be issued, 
which should be a legal tender for the payment of all debts. 
No provision, however, for their redemption seems to have 
been thought of. 

The legislature formed a plan for the issuing of <£50.000 in 
paper money, to be let out at four per cent, interest on land 
security, redeemable at some future period, which was to be 
a tender for taxes for the internal support of the State, and 
for fees and salaries of the officers of the government. 
This plan was sent, September, 1786, to the several towns 
to collect their minds upon the subject. 

In this town the ])roject was laid before the people at a 
meeting held on the fifteenth day of November, 1786, when, 
after discussion, they voted not to sanction it, and " voted 
unanimously not to propose any alterations in said plan." 

On the twentieth day of September, 1786, an armed force 
of some hundreds of men assembled at Exeter, and sent in 
a petition to the General Court, then in session at that 



Vn.] MOn AT EXETER. Ill 

|ilart\ askinu" for a rtMlrcss of <rri<'vaiu'cs. and doclaring 
their intention, if their petition was not ^rantetl, of doin;; 
themselves JMstiee. Tliev snrroundcd the house in which 
the Court was in session, and placino; sentries at the doors 
deniamhMl ;in immediate answer. 

The House (d" Representatives api)ointed a committee, to 
he joined by one from the Senate, to take the matter into 
consideration ; Imt thr Senate refused, unanimously, to 
eoneur in this action, and the two houses met in convention. 
President Sullivan, who was ex-olVicio a memher of the 
Senate, addressed the convention anil sucji of the jietition- 
ers as chose to be present, and j»resente(| the reasons which 
intluenced the Senate in non-concurring with the action of 
the House. 

He spoke of the petition, and showed its e.xtreme folly 
and jrreat injustice, and concluded by sayincc that if the 
voice of the whole State was for it, the le<;"islature ouj^ht not 
to LM-ant it while tliry were sui'rounded by an armed force. 
To do it would be to l)etray the riirhts of the jieo|)lc they 
had sworn to maintain, and he declared that no considera- 
tion of pei'sonal safety should ever compi-l liim to so 
(iaiirant a violation of the constitutional liuhts of those 
who had place(l him in the executive chair. 

The jiresident and tlic meml)ers of the le<rislatnre were 
held as |>risoners until after dark by the mob. when some 
of tlie citizens of the town devised means for their release. 
On recoverini; his liberty the president called out a detach- 
ment of the State militia to assist in restorim: order. His 
••all was responded to prom|)tly, and before niirht of the 
next day the mob was entirely dispersed. Many of the 
leaders wei'c ai'resteil. and some wei'e bound oxer for tria) 
at a court to be holdcn some months later: but on the 
assembling:; of the court they were dischar<^ed without 
further action, and the atVair ended without fiirhtinj; or 
bloodshed, thanks to the inudence and lii-mness of Pres- 
ident Sullivan. 



112 HISTORY OF AMHERST. [Chap. 

The financial tronblcs, however, continned for some 
years, bnt were finally closed by the establishment of the 
Federal g'overnment, and the reestablishment of the in- 
dustry and commerce of the country. 

THE REVEREND CLERGY. 

Ample provision was made for the reverend cler,2:y at the 
public festivals in these times, as the following extract 
from the Council records of the State will show : 

"7 .rune. ITSC). The Council a'lvised that a dinner be prepared at 
the public expense for the Gentlemen of the Clergy who may think 
proper to attend the election, and that the President, Council, Speaker 
of the House, and such members of the two branches as they shall 
think proper, dine in Company with the Clergy, the expense of which 
is to be defrayed as the U\o branches may think pro]3er to order. 

Mr. Hannaford, the innkeeper at Concord, was accoi'dingly directed 
to prepare a dinner for fifty persons the Thursday following." 

Gen. Washington visited the State in Novemlier, 1789, 
and at a meeting of the President and Council, at Ports- 
mouth, 31 October, the President requested the advice of 
Conncil wdiether it would be advisable to provide an enter- 
tainment at the public expense for the President of the 
United States, " To which the Council did advise and con- 
sent." 

Hon. Joshua Athcrton, having been elected senator, 
resigned the office of representative, to which he was 
elected in March, and the town, at a meeting held 27 
August, 1792, voted not to fill the vacancy made by his 
resignation. 

THE GREAT FROST OF 1794. 

The spring of 1794 was one of the most forward ever 
known. On the seventeenth day of May winter rye on 
burnt ground was in bloom, and apples were as large as 
ounce balls. On the night following that day there was 
one of the most destructive frosts ever experienced, which 



VII.] CURRENT EVENTS. 113 

was spokcii of fui' \ ('ill's as the " <rrf'at white ir<»st." The 
rvr was kiilt'd to tlir uroiiiid, and llic apples destroyed, 
I'xccpt wluTc tlicy WL'ic covcix'd oi" jtrotectcd by artificial 
lii>at. Mr. iJaniard, the minister, had a fmo orchard of 
youiifr trees, on which the fitiil had fornuMl. which he saved 
liy keepiiiif lii'cs of Ijrnsh and h)<rs Imrninu' in the orchard 
throu<rh the iii.<2;ht. In other instances the fruit was saved 
l>y smoke from chimneys near by beinfj driven amont^ the 
branches of the trees through the ni^iht. .Mr. Price, of 
Iloscawen, in writing of the frost, says the wintei' grain and 
apples were destroyed. The canker worms, which had 
infested the apple trees fui" years, and had bi-come exceed- 
ingly troui>lesonie, were also desti'oyed. In that case the 
loss was not without some equivalent. 

The dune session of Ihe legislature was held in this town 
in 1TU4, and (Jov. (iilman here took the oath of otlice as 
L'overnor, for the first time. 

.Vmple provision seems to have been made by the citizens 
for the enterlninment of the honorable members, as no less 
than twenty-two taverners' and retailers' licenses were 
granted by the selectmen that year, ju-evious to the session 
of the Court. 

This was the first and only session of tiie General Court 
held in Amherst. 

At the annual meeting in March, ITl'o, the town '• voted 
to apply to the (Jeiieral Court to alter the time of holding 
the annual uk ctiug from the second to the first Monday of 
-March, and that Col. Warner be a committee to prefer the 
al)ove vote to the Court." 

In compliance with this vote the legislature passed the 
following act, which received the approval of (Jov. (lilman, 
16 June, it;'.") : 

• A.N .Vcr f<ir altering the time of holding the Annual Meeting in 
tlie town of .Vmiikrst. 



114 HISTORY OF AMHERST. [Chap. 

The Inhabitants of the town of Amherst having petitioned for an 
alteration of their Annual Meeting from the second Monday of March 
to the first Monday of the same month, 

Be it enacted by the Senate and House of Representatives, in Gen- 
eral Court convened, that the Annual Meeting of the inhabitants of 
the said town of Amherst forever hereafter shall be held on the first 
Monday of March, any law, custom, or usage, heretofore to the contrary 
notwithstanding." 

" Forever," in the act above, proved to mean about ten 
years, as the time was again changed to the second Tuesday 
in iMarch, in that time. 

The first stage coach ever seen in Nashua passed through 
that place in 1795 on its way from Boston to Amherst. 

Party politics have been the occasion of much hard talk 
in Amherst as in other New Hampshire towns. Its citizens 
were plain-spoken people, having ideas of their own, and in 
their expression a good deal of heat has sometimes been 
evolved. Their disputes, however, generally ended in 
words which were soon forgotten, or remembered to bo 
ashamed of or laughed at. The leading loyalist in town at 
the commencement of the Revolution, though sadly tor- 
mented for a time, was received into favor, and, long before 
the close of the war, entrusted with important offices, 
which he filled to the satisfaction of the people. The estab- 
lishment of the Federal constitution — the ratification of 
which he opposed in the convention of which he was a 
member, acting under the instructions of the town and 
from his own convictions — divided the people into ])arties, 
and the division became more marked after the breaking 
out of the French Revolution, hailed with all its terrible 
crimes by one party as the triumph of the people, and 
dreaded by the other as the i)recursor of the destruction of 
all government among men. 

\ The measures the general 'government tlioiight proper to 
pursue in its intercourse with tlic European powers, the 
ratification of Jay's treaty with Great Britain during the 



VTL] CURRENT EVENTS. 115 

adniiiiist r;itii)ii of I'i'csident Wasliinii:ton, tho passage of tlio 
Alien and Sedition Law and the land tax law passed during 
the administration of the elder Adams, intensified the divis- 
ions among the peo])le, and at the annual meeting in ^lareh, 
17'.''.', the selectmen were constituted a committee to draft 
a jtetition to Congress asking for a rcjieal of the Alien and 
Sedition Law, and of tlie mo(h' a(h)|)ted foi- assessinii' and 
eolh'cting tlie land tax. 

The selectmen declining tlie api)ointment, Maj. William 
Bradford, Ensign William Low, and Kli Wilkins, Esq., 
were chosen to act as the committee, who accepted the 
appointment, and. at an adjourned meeting, on the Tuesday 
following, ]ireseuted a rejiort which was read and accepted 
Iiy the town. 'I'ln' peojile in the north-west part of the 
town were almost unanimously in favor of the acceptance 
of the report, wjiich fact will exi»lain some parts of the 
following description of the meeting, which made its 
ai)|iearance in the I'i/fng'e Messenger of 9 March, 1799, 
which is inserted \o show the feeling prevalent at that time. 

KXTHACT FROM A TOWN .MEETING, 

Ol: A Toll II UF THE TIMKS AT a ***** T. 

March conies, the first-born cliild of Spring; 

Tlie bells for annual meeting ring; 

Joy smiles in every patriot's face, 

And A ***** t dreams not of disgrace I 
Forth from the North in crowds come down 
Old age, on crutch, and youth, half gi-own ; 
Old age, whose one foot in the grave is, 
AMiose other to the gout a slave is ; 
And youth, not yet arrived at freedom, 
Who need their nurses still to lead 'em ; 
.VU, all came down, a motley nation, — 
As tho' "in hell there were vacation," — 
Burning with Jacobinic zeal 
To overturn the public weal. 

Before them stalked a man of stature, 

Designed a Jacobin by nature, 



116 HISTORY OF AMHERST. [Chap. 

Whose mind and mien strong traces bore 
Of that fjreat Jacobin of yore, 
Who, for Sedition, forth was driven, 
Eternal from the gates of heaven. 
Despising peace and lawful labors, 
He sows sedition 'mong his neighbors ; 
Tells them that government are knaves, 
That they, poor souls, will soon be slaves. 
And those that rule them soon will stand 
The lords and sovereigns of the land. 
To church he goes, but not for preaching ; 
He gives his precious time to teaching 
That those that dare not tell a lie 
Have surely lost their liberty. 
He at his heels the rabble brought. 

Who long beneath his eye were taught 

To banish order, stir up evil. 

And serve their lord and master. Devil. 

********** 

At length the cause of all their ills, 

The Alien and Sedition biUs, 

The tax direct on lands and houses. 

Which every foe to peace arouses. 

Comes publickly to be discussed. 

By friend and foe, by blest and cursed. 
A solemn pause — debates proceeded 
As though the Jacos some man needed — 
Some natural son of base sedition, 
To rise and speak for their petition. 
Tlieir chief arose ■ — " Tis strange/' he cries, 
" Since freedom is our blood-earned prize, 
That we, like slaves, should be debarred 
The use of speech — indeed, that's hard. 
No more shall scandal charm our souls. 
Since government our tongues controls. 
Aliens no more with monied reasons 
Shall stir up faction, death, and treasons ; 
But under harrows, saws, and axes, 
We be compelled to pay our taxes. 
Support our Congress men in style. 
By cruel, unrewarded toil, 
^ Till we, at last, O dreadful thought ! 



VIT.] CURRRNT EVENTS. 117 

Beneath these tyrants shall be l)roii!4ht, 
And see in tears the fatal day 
When we to tyrant laws gave way. 
Beware, my friends, 't is our condition ! 
() curse the law against sedition I 

() curse the Pres 1 no, no, I fear 

Soint^ friend to government may hear. 
And i, like friend and brother Li/on,* 
He tried, and feel the power of iron. 
() Liberty ! 't is but a name. 
When we no longer can defame I " 

Reasons were offered when he ended, 
And government and laws defended ; 
But sense and reason all are vain. 
When faction rules the heated brain. 
For ignorance, deceived by lies, 
.Ml human argument defies. 
The question put, the cliief uprose. 
Surveyed his friends, surveyed his foes. 
His minion friends united stand, 
Instructed by his factious hand. 
Their chief they watch, his actions view, 
.A.nd when he votes, why, they vote too. 
Such are Columbia's servile foes, 
Led on, like asses, by the nose. 
Seduced fi'om order by a villain, 
Whose honor is not worth a shilling, 
\\'\u>, worse than Jmlas and such gents, 
\\'uuld sell our State for thirl;/ cents. 
* () I would he ape that child of hell. 
In all his actions, 't would be well; 
His neck, too, then, a rope would grace, 
And he depart to his own place. 

Amphion. 

* Mattlii'w Lyon, at that time a Republican memlier of the national 
House of Representatives. A motion to e.xpel him from the house, 
for sedition, had just failed. 

At a meeting held 20 May, 1700, tlie town moved in a 
matter that was not accomplished nntil 184G, — and then 
only in part, — by voting to instruct their representative in 



118 HISTORY OP AMHERST. Chap.] 

the General Court to use his utmost endeavors to obtain 
the passage of an act by the legislature to divide the State 
into districts for the choice of Federal representatives and 
electors. 

A committee appointed to give the representative some 
further instructions reported that he be instructed to use 
his influence in the General Court to induce tiiat body to 
recommend to Congress the repeal of the land tax law as it 
stands at present and give the states liberty to assess and 
collect taxes for the support of government in the usual 
way. 



VIII.] COMMEMOKATION SERVICES. 119 



CHAPTER YIII. 

1800—1840. 

PROCEF.DIXCS OF TIIF TOWN, AND CURKEXT 
E\'ENTS. 

SEIJVICES IN COMMHMOHATION 01" PRESIDENT \V.\SHIN(;T0N. 

SOL.\R ECLIPSE, 1801). — UNION CELEBRATION OF FOURTH OF 
.JULY, THE " DECL.VRATION " AGAIN READ BY CHARLES H, 

ATHERTON FROM THE " ROCK." THE COLD FRIDAY. CAPT. 

i5R0\VN's TOAST. i\IEETING AT THE COURT-HOUSE, AUGUST, 

ISI-J. — THE SEPTEMBER GALE. MOVEMENT FOR THE ESTAli- 

LISHMENT OF SUNDAY-SCHOOLS. THE COMMON AND ITS 

BOUNDARIES. ADDITIONS AND IMPROVEMENTS. REPORT OF 

THE COMMITTEE ON HORSE-SHEDS AND HEARSE-HOUSE. FIRST 

FAIR OF THE HILLSBOROUGH COUNTY AGRICULTURAL SOCIETY. 

STAGES, IN DECEMBER, 1821. — UNION CELEBRATION OF 

FOURTH OF JULY, 1824. NEW ROAD FROM AMHERST TO 

HENNIKER. — RECEPTION OF GEN. LAFAYETTE AT CONCORD, 
1825. THE '• (JRASSHOPPER YEAR." — MORTALITY IN AM- 
HERST, 182G. MOVEMENTS IN FAVOR OF TEMPERANCE. PUR- 
CHASE OF THE PAUPER FARM. SOLAR ECLIPSE, 1831. — THE 

METEORIC DISPLAY. FOURTH OF JULY CELEBRATION, 1834. 

RAISING OF THE UNITARIAN MEETING-HOUSE FRAME ASYLUM 

FOR THE INSANE. — THE ''SURPLUS REVENUE." — THE HOP 
CULTURE. — "■ whig" MEETINGS AT AMHERST, 1840. 

Services in commemoration of President Washinj^ton 
were held in Amherst 22 Fcbruarv, 1800, in which the 
citizens of Amherst and Milford,and the members of Benev- 
olent Lodge, No. 7, participated. 



120 HISTORY OF AMHERST. [Cliap. 

A procession was formed, wliich marched across the 
common to the meeting-house, whei-e an eloquent oration 
was pronounced by Charles H. Atherton. 

Daniel Campbell, jr., acted as marshal of the school 
children, who made a line appearance. 

1 March, 1801. Quite a smart shock of an earthquake 
was felt in this and the ncigiibnring towns. It was also 
noticed in Massachusetts and Maine. 

GREAT SOLAR ECLIPSE, 1806. 

The only total eclipse of the sun visible in New England 
in the nineteenth century occurred on the sixteenth day of 
June, 18013, between the hours of ten a. m. and one p. m. 
The whole duration of the eclipse was three hours and nine 
minutes, and the duration of the total eclipse two minutes 
and twenty-seven seconds. The day was clear, and hardly 
a breath of air stirred the leaves. At the time of the total 
eclipse the planets Mars, Venus and Mercury, were visible, 
also, Sirius, Procyon, and the large stars in Orion and 
Ursa Major. The bees returned to their hives ; the fowls 
went to their roosts ; and the cattle in the pastures ceased 
grazing, and gazed around with a wild stare. ThQ dark- 
ness was so great that objects could be seen only at a short 
distance. The thermometer, which at the beginning of 
the eclipse stood 66°, fell to 60°, and dew fell sufficient 
to wet one's shoes in passing through the grass. 

In the spring of 1807 several animals in the vicinity of 
this town were bitten by mad dogs, which were killed by 
their owners, or died after exhibiting every appearance of 
madness. 

A union celebration of the Declaration of Independence 
took place 4 July, 1807. A procession was formed at 
Whitney's tavern, which marched to the " Rock " in front of 
the meeting-house on which Sheriff Kelley stood when he 



VIII.] FOURTH OF .Tri.V CELEHKATION. 121 

read the Pccl.iiiitidii in 1 770, wlu'i'c it \v:is asi'niii rc-id hv 
Charles II. Atlicrlon, jacsideiit of the (hi\ . 

After this the pi-ocession returned to the tavnn where 
an exccUt'iil dinner was served. 

This is the hist mention 1 (hid made of tlie '■ Kock." It 
stoixl in iVontof the meet inu'-hoiise. a little to the east of 
the iVont d{)(>r. and was used hy ilie l';itliei-s and mothers as 
a " horse-hloek." AftiT the use of ehaises and wagons beeame 
general it was no longer re(|nired, and it was i-emoved 
about 1825. Of its present location no man kiioweth. 
Ijike the whipping post and pilloi-y, it is am >ng the things 
of the past. 

At the animal meetiuL;' in March, 18(>8, the town voted 
to accept the pro\ isions ol' an act passed by the legislal nre. 
entitled •• an aet for the extinguishment of fires that ma/ be 
accidentally or otherwise kindled," and chose R()l)ert Means, 
Esq., Capt. Daniel Prior, Charles II. Atherton, Esq.. Wil- 
liam Fisk, Msip, Daniel Weston, James 11 )by, Cai)t. Eli 
Ih'own. David Stewart, William Read, and Jonathan 
Shepard, fu'ewards. in accordance with its pro\isi(nis. 

The sjjring of 1801' was remarkably backward. As late 
as the fourth of April the slcigliing was perfectly g(»od in 
the northern parts of the State. 

From the Xcir flu iii/)s/iirr Pdlriot we learn that at the 
ordination of Rev. Nathaniel Kennedy, at Litehliehl, 12 
Ajiril, Isu'.i. "several |)ieces of music were perl'oianed by a 
select choir from Am'ierst, which evinced a retuiai to that 
correct taste and love for genuine music which the e(iitor 
hoped was gaining giound in this country." 

THK COLU FRIDAY. 

The " C(dd Friday" of 1810 occurred on the IKtIi of 
Jamiary of that year. People were fro/en to death in nniuy 
places, and many houses and liarns were blown down by 
the strong wind which prevailed all dav. ( >ne who remem- 



122 HISTORY OF AMHERST. [Chap, 

bered it said " it was difficult to stand on one's feet, the 
wind was so strong." Thousands of the tall trees in the 
forest, that had braved the storms and tempests of cen- 
turies, were blown down, and their huge trunks were in 
many instances left to rot on the ground where they fell. 
The cold, as indicated by the thermometer, was not very 
intense, as it ranged from — 15° to — 20°. The mercury is 
said to have fallen 55 degrees in twenty -four hours from 
Thursday to Friday noon. 

4 July, 1810. The day was celebrated by the Republi- 
cans of Amherst and the adjacent towns. A procession 
was formed, which, after marching over the common and 
through several streets in the village, under the escort of 
Capt. Patterson's company of artillery, proceeded to the 
meeting-house, where prayer was offered by Rev. Hum- 
phrey Moore, of Milford. Owing to the serious illness of the 
wife of Hon. J. K. Smith, the orator of the day, no oration 
was pronounced ; but an appropriate address was made by 
Dr. Rogers Smith, who also read the farewell address of 
President Washington. 

In the procession was an elegant model of the frigate 
Constitution, from the prow of which, after the discharge 
of seventeen guns, Captain Brown made a short address. 

Capt. Eli Brown presided at the dinner on this occasion, 
and gave as a toast ; — 

" Amherst, the focus of Aristocracy in oiu- County. May that 
aristocracy dissolve like the fog before the sun from the low ground 
that envelops it, and may Republicanism Hourish in it like the rays 
of the sun on this auspicious morn." 

A notice appeared in the New Hampshire Patriot, 4 
August, 1812, " requesting the Republican citizens of the 
County of Hillsborough to meet at Amherst on the seventh 
day of August, inst., at two oclock P. M.,to take mto considera- 



VIII. ] POLITICAL MKKTING, AUGUST, 1812. 123 

tioii the luonii'iitoiis siilijects suggested hy the j)rosent 
iilarminu: siliiatiuii ol our national concerns, and to adopt 
such resolutions as the great occasion may be thought to 
require." It was exjiected there woidd Ix- a large meeting, 
and the more remote towns in the county were reijuested t(» 
send delegates. 

The Federalists took ad\antagc ol' the notice, and", hy an 
uiuleistaniliuLi' auioug themselves, assembled at the time 
and place in considerable nnml)ers, organized a meeting, at 
which speeches were made and resolutions were passed to 
suit tliemselves. 

The Republicans linding themselves oiituiiuilxTcd. met 
at Kmerson\s hall ; chose (ien. Ijenjamin Pierce, chairman, 
and John Buridiam, secretary ; and voted that it was 
expedient to hold a convention at the towii-iiali in W'eare, 
on the third Tuesday oi' Sei)temlier I'oilowing, io which the 
liepublicans in all the towns in IJie county were invited to 
send delegates. 

At the ai)p(jinted time delegates from all the towns in 
the county to the number oi" 150, attendetl Ijy 1,50U otlier 
citizens, assembled, and gave utterance to the feelings of 
the Republicans of Hillsborough County. 

The conduct of the Federalists at Andierst was calcu- 
lated to provoke a collision, which was only avoided by the 
|irudent course taken by the leaders of the opjtosite party, 
whose hour of tiinmph came with the assembling of the 
uu'eting at Wearc,the largest and most enthusiastic jtolitical 
gathering that had ever been hehl in the county. 

Mr. Hill, in the PafrioL characterized the meeting of the 
Federalists at Amherst '* as one of the most scandalous? 
outrageous, and aggravating affairs" he ever witnessed. 

The following speech, made by Hon. Timothy Farrar, of 
New Ipswich, at the meeting, shows the temper and atti- 
tude of the Federalists at that time : 



124 HISTORY OP AMHERST. [Chap. 

Fellow-Citizens : We are brought together to-day from distant parts 
of the County by one common feeling of the importance of the crisis 
and for the purpose of expressing our sentiments on the present 
alarming state of affairs. We consider the late measures of adminis- 
tration as dangerous to our liberties, and tending to the destruction of 
that form of government and those principles which have been com- 
mitted to our keeping and to which we are all sincerely attached. 
Many of us lemember, and all of us know the high price at which 
those rights were purchased, and we are all disposed to defend and 
support them. We are those and the descendents of those who fought 
to establish those rights, and we all remember that the liberty of the 
press and the freedom of s^jsech were then regarded among the most 
essential of them. "We still regard them as such. We have lately 
seen them wantonly violated, and this induces us to consult on the 
means of preserving the rights which we have contributed to establish. 

The declaration of war against Great Britain we consider as a law 
of the land, and shall obej' it as such while in force. So far as we ai"e 
constitutionally called upon to support this war, we shall comply. 
If called on to march, we shall go or send a substitute. If called on 
to pay, we shall pay. Beyond this our actions are voluntary, and we 
shall be careful not to involve ourselves in the guilt of an unjust war 
by any voluntary aid to carry it on ; for if we think it unjust we should 
partake of the guilt if we go a step further than our duty calls us to 
do. So far as we are constitutionally called on, it is our duty to go, 
and so far -we will support the government and the measures of gov- 
ernment, even those that we disapprove ; but we shall feel ourselves 
bound to do all we can lawfully do to produce a change of men and a 
consequent change of measures. We meet here in consequence of an 
invitation addressed to Republicans. We are entitled to this appella- 
tion, and have never given up our claim to it. We are those and the 
descendants of those who fought to defend their rights, which were 
finally secured to us by a Republican form of government, who know 
the blood and treasure they cost. We know how to estimate them, and 
cannot consent to give them up to any set of men who claim the 
exclusive privilege of this name. We claim no exclusive privileges, 
but we know the rights we are entitled to in common with all our 
fellow-citizens who have fought even to defend them from foreign 
enemies, and will not submit to surrender them to any set of men 
among ourselves. 

A smart shock of an earthquake was felt in this town 
early in the evening of 28 November, 1814. 



VTTT.] THR COMMON. 1 2i^ 

THE SEPTEMBER GALE. 

One of tho most violent t('ini»csts ovim* oxjici'ifnccd Ihto 
occurred on tlic 'I'l Septeiiiln'i-, Isl"). It coninieiieed at 
ahout 11 : 80 A. M., and coiTtinncd with Ln-eat tiir\ iil)ont two 
hoiiis. Treos and fences woi'o blown down, l»uililin!fs wore 
unroofed, and their fraiiinents. witli linilis of trees, were 
.strewn in all directions. Alonfi; the coast the stoi-ni was 
still more severe, and the damaue done to the shi|t)iin<r was 
immense. Fortunately, hut few lives were lost. A iiini'ut 
of air, like one from a hot bath, almost suffoeatinjr. was 
noticed at Woreestei-, durintr the middle stat-'cs of the tem- 
pest. 

Snow is said to ha\e fallen every month of the vearlSlli, 
and the followinu- seas<')n was also a very cold one. But 
very little sound corn was raised in cither of these years ; 
liut the crops of i-ye and oth(>r small urains were excellent. 

About three o'clock a. m., on the morninir of 22 May, 
1817, a smart shock of an earthquake was felt in tliis town, 
and another on Sunday, 5 October, the same year, during 
tiie morninir service in the meeting-liouse. The last shock 
lasted about a minute, and was so severe that many persons 
left the meeting-house. It was noticed in Concord, Boston, 
Salem, and other jilaees. Its course seemed to l)e from 
north-west to south-east. 

A meeting of citizens interested in the jn'oiect was held 
15 May, 1818, to take into consideration the expediency of 
establishing sunday-schools in this town. 

THE COMMON. 

At a meeting held -29 June, ISlS, William Fisk. Jede- 
diah K. Smith, Cliarles II. Atherton, David Stewart, and 
Daniel Campbell, were ai)pointed a committee to ascertain 
the bouiularies of the common. On the twenty-first day of 
September following tiie committee reported ; — 



126 HISTORY OF AMHERST. [Cliap. 

" That, from tlie best information they could then collect, the Com- 
mon begins on the road the west side of the burying-ground, five rods 
north of Col. IMeaiis's Corner, thence West, or about West, thirty-two 
rods on land sold hj Ronaldson Ellinwood to the County, to a long 
stone inserted in the ground, between the stores of Wallace and 
Spalding and Mrs. Shepard, thence North so as to take in a Corner of 
said store of Wallace and Spalding and a part of his (their) horse- 
shed, to a stake near the fence running from Mrs. Smith's to the turn- 
pike, thence easterly so as to take in about one third pai't of JNIrs. 
Smith's dwelling-house and almost one half of the Court house to the 
line of the road nuniing AVest of the burying-ground, thence by said 
road to the place of beginning, which is exclusive of that part of the 
Common included in the burying-ground." 

They stated tliat 

" The Xovtli line ?««// possibly be two or three feet further north 
than the line indicated above." 

■ 26 November, 1858. The town voted to appropriate the 
sum of '^2.30 for the purchase of the Road U^t, so called, and 
that a title to the same be obtained, and that it be used as 
a common belonging to the town for ever. 

This was a lot on which the store, occupied for many 
years by William Read, Read (k Spalding, David Undcrhill, 
and others, formerly stood. It laid west of the common, 
and adjoining it. A part of it is now occupied by the 
Soldiers' Monument. 

12 May, 1866, the town voted to discontinue that part of 
the common lying between the road leading from H. E. 
Abbot's store to George Kent's, and that leading from said 
Kent's to William Wetherbee's, and from said Wctherbee's 
to the chapel, and from the chapel to H. E. Abbot's store, 
and allow the same to be fenced, provided it can be done 
without expense to the town. 

An effort to reconsider this vote was made at a meeting 
held 2 June, 1866, which failed. 

In 1866 a portion of the common was fenced in, and 4 
May, 1867, the citizens turned out and spent the day in 



I 



YTTT.] THE roMMON. 127 

spftinfT <iiit troos within tin' iiiflosui'c, fMirirrliiifr it witli 
m.'iplcs and elms. The work went on thronirh the foHowiiig 
week, every day hi-in,i;in<x somethiiitr new to add in time to 
tlie beanty of the jthicc 

Tlie citizens turned out airain on ''ch-ction (hiy." "> June, 
18iI7. and finislied the work on the common in ^ood 
shajic. They dined and snpped tofrether at the "Stewart" 
house. After supper the treasurer reported that the funds 
in the treasury were >'1.~) short of the demands nia(h' 
against it, which amount was contributed at once. 

Tlie })ark on the common was dedicated 1 July. 18!!S, by 
an open-air concert, given by the Xasliua Ibass IJand. iv T. 
Baldwin, conductor. After the concert the band and many 
of the citizens partook of a collation, prejiared l)y the ladies, 
at the Court House. 

Assuming that the south-west cornei- of the common, as 
reported l)y the committee in 1818, was identical with the 
south-west corner of the training-Iield, burying-place, etc., 
laid out by the jii'oprietors' committee in 17-)0, that lot 
extended east from the corner mentioned, some 38 r.)ds, to 
a point in the old cemetery, thence north 74 rods, thence 
west some 38 rods, thence south 74 rods to the bound first 
mentioned. To the west of the training-field lot and 
adjoining it was the ministerial lot of 60 acres. This 
extended 124 rods west from the west line of the training- 
field. 

North of the traininu-lield lot, its south-west corner being 
the same as the north-west corner of the training-field, and 
extending along the north line of that lot and beyond, was 
the minister's lot, of «iO acres. This lot extended 78 rods 
east and west, and 124 rods north and south, land being 
reserved for a road along its southern boundary. On this 
lot y\i\ Wilkins settled, and built the house long known 
after his death as the " Henchman " house. For some 
cause the first meeting-house was also built on this lot. 



128 HISTORY OF AMHERST. [Chap. 

Directly east of this, and bounded by the road, on the 
south, was the school lot of 60 acres. 

The present road to Manchester and Merrimack seems to 
have been laid out on the land reserved for the purpose by 
the proprietors. 

The committee appointed 29 June, 1818, to ascertain the 
boundaries of the common, were also instructed to ascertain 
what number of horse sheds would be wanted near the 
meeting-house, what number of them it would bo proper to 
build on the common, and where they sliould be built. On 
these matters they reported 

" That they could not recommend the erection of any horse sheds 
on the common ; but, as they supposed about thirty sheds would be 
wanted, one of their number had purchased a strip of land of Samuel 
Dana, P2sq., which they supposed would furnish room sufficient to 
allow of the election of some 20 or 30 sheds, which he offered to the 
town for '133; 1.2'), that being the price paid for it, in addition to some 
trfling expanses in effecting the purchase, not exceeding three dollars. 

This land the Committee asked to be authorized to lay out in lots 
suitable for the accommodation of sheds, and sell the rights at 
auction, Mr. Atherton giving deeds to the highest bidders, and if 
any thing was realized above the cost of the land it should be paid 
into a common fund for the erection of the sheds. This plan would 
niake it> necessary to remove the hearse-house to some part of the 
burying-ground, and to turn Mr. Lord's shed to face the east, and let 
it form the first shed on that side." 

The report of the committee was accepted and adopted, 
and they were authorized to divide the land into lots and 
dispose of it in the manner indicated. 

The hearse-house was moved to the north-west corner, of 
the burying-ground, where it braved the storm, tempest, 
and lightning, for many years. The spots occupied by Mr. 
Lord's shed and some others on that line are now covered 
by the meeting-house, which was moved there in 1836, the 
sheds having been previously removed to a spot near the 
Baptist meeting-house. The remainder of the sheds are 
still on the land bou2;ht bv Mr. Atherton. 



VTll.] iiiLLSBOitornH agricultural society. 129 

DAKK DAY OF 1818. 

1.") July, 181 S. A uTciit smoke lillcil tlir atinusplicn' in 
this and the iiL',ii;hl)()i-iiiij: towns. The sun was so obscni-ed 
that tho peoph^ were reminded of the (hirk day of 178(1. 
The smoke was produced by tlie burning of the woodbinds 
on the mountains and a general burning of brush in all 
directions. A strong north-west wind prevailed through 
the i\-A\ . In Sah'm and Boston the darkness is said to have 
lieeii much more intense tiian here. 

TAXES, 

March. ISlO. Uy a vote of the town those tax-payers 
who paid their taxes on or before tlie lirst day of Septem- 
liei' this year were allowed a diseount of live per cent.; 
those who paid between that time and the third day of 
Xovemlter, three jter cent. ; after that time the full amount 
was reipured ; and the collector wdio did not pay up 
his taxes on or before the lirst day of the following ^larch 
was to have no pay for collecting wliat remained unpaid at 
that time. 

20 March. IslO. Alter a winter of bare ground 
and mild, pleasant weather, snow fell to the depth of eight- 
een oi- twenty inches on a level, which was |)iled into huge 
drifts by the high winds, and greatly obstructed the travel- 
ing in many i)laces. 

TAii; OF Tin: Hillsborough county AiiRicuLTURAL socikty. 

• 

Tlie lirst cattle show and fair under the direction of the 
nillsl)orough County Society for the promotion of agricul- 
ture and domestic manufactures was held on Amherst 
IMain. 1:'. October, 1810. 

A procession was formed at Ray's tavern, which, under 
the lead of Oen. Benjiimin Pierce, moved across the ])lain 
to the place of exhibition, and viewed the stock, farm 
products, and manufactures ottered for [tremiunis. They 



130 HISTORY OF AMHERST. Cliap.] 

then inarched to the meeting-house, where prayer was 
offered by Rev. Humphrey Moore, of Milford, after which 
they returned to Ray's luilL 

Although a cold rain storm, accompanied by sleet, pre- 
vailed in the forenoon, a large number of peo])le were in 
attendance, and the utmost good feeling and harmony 
prevailed. 

In tlie afternoon tlie society met to hear the reports of 
the awarding committees, hear essays read, and choose 
officers for the ensuing year. 

Dr. Matthias Spalding read an essay on making and 
managing manure (which was published in the Cabinet, 13 
November, 1819), for which he received the premium 
offered by the society. 

Hon. Charles H, Atherton was chosen president of the 
society for the following year. 

Thomas Underwood, of Amherst, was awarded the first 
premium for wheat, having raised twenty-four- bushels to 
the acre. 

A pair of yearling twin steers exhibited by Timothy 
Danforth, attracted much attention. They were yoked 
together, and drew a small cart filled with rare farm pro- 
ducts. 

Mr. Danforth received the first premium for corn, his crop 
averaging seventy-one bushels of shelled corn to the acre. 
The second premium for corn was also awarded him, as he 
raised forty-four and three fourths bushels per acre, on light 
land, at a very trifling cost. , 

From the twelfth day of November, 1820, to the seven- 
teenth day of April, 1821, there were twenty-four snow 
storms in which 83^ inches of snow fell. 

STAGES. 

22 December, 1821. There were stages running through 
the village every day in the week. 



VIII.] CURRENT EVENTS. 1:-)1 

A new line lioiii A iiilicrsl to (Jroloii IkkI I'ccciitly hceii 
put (111. wliicji left Amlirrst on Aloiiday ami Wcdiicsday 
inoiiiiii^is, and returned on Tnesdnys and Saturdays. At 
Gi-oton it connected with stages from Iveenc. 

•24 an.l 25 September, 1822. The llillsboi-ou«,rh County 
A,i;iicnitui"al Society held its fourth anniversary cattle- 
show, plowiim-mateh. etc., at this |)lace. The numl)er of 
people eollecfed wa.s veiw ureat. Pens for the cattle were 
ei'ccted on the plain in front of the meetinii'-house, and the 
maniifactui'es wei-e deposite(l in the uj)per room of the 
scliool-liuiise. At live o'clock 1". M., on the lirst day, the 
society met for the choice of ollicers and the transaction of 
other Inisiness; after this they adjourned until eight o'clock 
the n<'\t morninir, at which time they heard and accepted 
the treasurer's report. At half past nine o'clock such ani- 
mals as the owners wishe(l to dispose of were sold hy 
auction. At ten oNdock a procession was formed, under 
the direction of (Jener;ii Denjamin I^ierce as chief mai-shal, 
whidi moved \o the spot selected for the plowing-match. 
After the close (jf the plowing-match the society returne(| 
to the ai'ea of the pens, where refreshments wer(> paitakeii 
of, and at half |)ast twelve the |)rocession was re-f(jrmed 
and proceeded to the meeting-house, where prayer was 
offereil by Rev. Xathan Lord, and an interesting address 
was delivered by Moses Eastman, Es(i., of Salisbury. 

In 1823 the road to Bedford was repaired, and a short 
|»iece of new road built whiidi made the i-oute more direct. 

Ill \oveml)er of that year the new road to .Milford was 
laid out l)y the selectmen. 

At the annual exhibition (»f the lIilisboroiiL;li .\gri<'iil- 
tiiral Siicjety held in Ainliei>t on the lilth and 2"»th of 
September, ls2-">, Charles II. Atlu.'rton was awai"ded >=4 for 
good husbandry ; Timothy I>anforth, ><4 for the second best 
Held of oats ; Eber Lawrence,. ••?3 for the third best field of 
oats ; David Stewart, •ii'4 for the best field of beans ; Mat- 
thias Sjialding, 84 for the best field of English turni|»s; 



132 HISTORY OF AMHERST. [Chap. 

and Miss Lucy Ann Fuller, %1 for the best straw bon- 
net. 

4 July, 1824. The day was celebrated by the citizens 
without distinction of party. Hon. Charles H. Atherton 
acted as president of the day ; Hon. William Fisk, Hon. 
Edmund Parker, Andrew Wallace and Robert Means, 
Esqs., vice-presidents ; Timotliy Danforth, chief marshal, 
with Capt. Daniel Campbell, Capt. Daniel Hartshorn, Lieut. 
Luther Melendy, Ephraim Blanchard, and E. F. Wallace, as 
aids ; Rev. Jeremiah Barnard, chaplain ; Charles G. Ath- 
erton, orator of the day. The Declaration of Independence 
was read by Hon. Edmund Parker, and Capt. John Secombe 
acted as toast-master. 

His Excellency, Gov. Morrill, was met at the residence of 
Hon. William Fisk, and escorted to the plain by a cavalcade 
of citizens. Gen. James Miller, the hero of Lundy's Lane, 
Gen. Benjamin Pierce, and Gen. Joseph Low, were present, 
and participated in the festivities of the occasion. 

The annual fair of the Hillsborough County Agricultural 
society was held in this town 22 and 23 September, 1824. 
The annual address was delivered by Dr. Matthias Spalding. 
A large concourse of people was present, who appeared to 
be deeply interested in the proceedings. 

At the plowing-match the land was measured into lots 
of one eighth of an acre each. Nine teams competed for 
the prizes, and the time occupied by each varied from nine 
minutes and seven seconds to sixteen minutes per lot. Two 
teams were entered from Amherst, of which that owned by 
Timothy Danfortli, a pair of twin oxen, six years old, 
driven by Walter Danforth, John Farnum, plowman, 
completed the lot in twelve minutes and twenty seconds, 
plowing seventeen furrows. The team owned by Capt. 
Daniel Campbell, a pair of oxen, six years old, driven by 
James Tuttle, Capt. Campbell, plowman, completed its 
task in twelve minutes and thirty seconds, having plowed 
sixteen furrows. 



VI IT.] CURRENT EVENTS. 183 

'I'lio s|»L'iiker ol the House of Reprfsoiifiitivcs Ii:nin<i; 
rosi«>;iu'd, lion. Kdmuiul Parker, of Ainliorst, wa.s clioscn 
speaker lor llir n'maimliT of tin- session, 15 December, 
1824. 

'• There are now li\ ini; in Amherst '2 persons over 90 years of age ; 
17 (nine males aii<l ciyht loniales), over 80 and under !Kl years ; ami 
.">3 (twenty-seven males and twi-nty-six females), lu'twccn 70 ;iiid SU 
years." — Xeic Ilumpshire Patriot, '21 Deeembcr, IS'JI. 

NEW KOAD Ti) NEW BOSTON AND HENNIKEll. 

A new I'oad from Amherst to lieniiiker beuan to 1)0 
called for early in 1824, and at a meetinii; held 21 .Inne, lliat 
yeai', David McG. Means, William Fisk, John Seeombe, and 
Liithei- Melendy, were appointed a committee to confer with 
sneh eoininittees as mi«i'ht be appointed by the towns of 
llenniker, Weare, and others, to ascertain whether it was 
practicable to straiirhten the road from llenniker and 
Weare, tlu'omih New Hoston and Amherst, to Nasluia 
villaire, and they were directed to ascertain the most practi- 
cal)le route for said road to pass throimh the town of 
Andierst to Xashna village. 

3 Septeml)er, 1825, Nathaniel Shattuck, Ks(|., was 
ap|>ointed agent to oppose the laying out of a road from 
Andierst throngh the easterly part of Mont Vernon, thence 
throngh New Boston to the soiitli line of Weare, as peti- 
tioned for by William Whittle and others and John Crond)ie 
and others. 

4 September, 1826, Robert Read, Kdmund I'arker, and 
John Secombe, were appointed agi'nts for the town to 
oppose the granting of the j)etition of William Whittle and 
others, foi- a road to be laid throngii tlw easterly part 
of thi' town : and they were directi-d to nse their inllnence 
in favor of the petition of Robert Read and others, for a 
road from the south line of Weare to Amherst village. 
Voted also to discharge Nathaniel Shattnck, who was 
appointed agent to oppose the laying out of the road peti- 



134 HISTOEY OF AMHERST. [Chap. 

tioned for by William Whittle and others, from further 
service in that direction. 

The town voted, at a meeting held 18 January, 1827, that 
the expenses and money paid out by the committee, while 
waiting upon the court's committee which laid out the 
road petitioned for by Francis Peabody and others, after 
deducting such sums as shall be allowed by the court on 
the acceptance or rejection of their report, shall be paid 
by the town. 

Edmund Parker was appointed agent to appear in court 
and urge the acccj)tance of tbe committee's report on the 
road petitioned for by Francis Peabody and others, and he 
was authorized to make such preparations as he might 
deem expedient to secure the acceptance of the report. 

At the annual meeting, 13 March, 1827, the petition of 
Robert Means and others, and David McG. Means and 
o:hers, praying for a straightening of the road between 
Amherst common and Daniel Fletcher's, and the petition 
of William Melendy and others for an alteration in the 
terminatiou of the road lately laid out by a court's com- 
mittee from the south line of Weare to Amherst, were 
referred to the selectmen. - - 

At the session of the Court of Common Pleas held in Sep- 
tember, 1827, the justices accepted the report of the com- 
mittee appointed by them on the petition of Francis Pea- 
body and others, laying out a new road from Amherst to 
Weare. The road was built during this and the following- 
year. It passed through the entire length of Mont Vernon, 
and its construction and maintenance have been a heavy 
burden to that town. Its completion was noticed in the 
Cabinet, 31 January, 1829, as follows : 

" The new road, lately ordered to be laid out and built by the Court 
of Common Pleas between this x^lace and Weare is now completed and 
traveled by teams going with loads to market at Boston and the man- 
ufacturing towns below us. It is generally — we understand — consid- 
ered as an excellent and level road, and is likely to receive the travel 
from the upper towns in preference to aii}" other route." 



VIII.] GEN. Lafayette's visit. VMj 

T\\r (own voted,!* Miin'li. ls:>0, to Uc('|i ilic tMrii|iil<t' mihI 
l)i-iil<Xc ill repair from the |toiiit ulicrc the new io;iil inter- 
sects with it, to the eil<l of the tiiiii|>il<e Ileal- Kohert lieMil's 
store. 

RECEPTION OF GEN. LAFAYETTE AT CONCOHD. 

The capital (»f New llaiupshire was visiteil 1)\ (Jen. 
Lafayette 22 .Iiiiie. 182"), and thousands of the citi/.eiis of 
the State enil)raeed the op|ioit unity of gieetiiiir the fiieiid 
and eonijtanioii of \Vashin,:iton. More than two hundred of 
his eduipaniiiiis in arms were jiresent. Milmiind Parker, 
l*]s(|.. the representative from Amherst, was chief marshal 
of the day. Ueceiviiit»- the (Jeneral at Pemhroke, the civic 
escort proceeded towai'd Concord, and at the line of the 
towns was met hy the military escort called out for the oc- 
casion, which was under the command of (Jen. IJradhiiry 
Hartlett, a trrandson of Col. (.■illey, of revolutionary fame. 
'J'he procession then marched n|i Main street to the North 
end, then wheeled and returned to the i"^tate House, where 
the military formed on either side of the walk from the 
street to the State House step>;; ami the marshals, commit- 
tee of arranuemeiits, and ,u:uests, jiassed Itetween the lines to 
tlu' Re|iresentatives' hall, where the Governor, Council, Sen- 
ate, and House of Representatives were assembled. Oiieii- 
teriiiLi" the hall the presence of Cen. Lafayette was an- 
nounced to the convention, which rose to receive him. lie 
was then introduced to Gov. Morrill, who address<'d him 
brielfy in an appropriate speech, to which he rejilied. He 
was afterward introduced to the meinhers of the Council 
and the President of the Senate hy the (Joxernor. The 
President of the Senate Introdiiceil him to each of the Sen- 
ators and to the Speaker of the House, who introdui-ed him 
to each of the Representatives. He then descended to the 
area helnw the hall and met tlu' Kevolut ioiiary soldiers 
there assemitled. (Jen. lienjamin I'ierce welconu-d him in 
their behalf. He then partook of a dinner in the State 



136 HISTORY OP AMHERST. [Chap. 

House park, with about eight hundred of the citizens, the 
chief marshal of the day being seated at the left of the 
nation's guest, at the table. 

Hon. Edmund Parker, who had represented the town in 
the General Court several years, and was again elected in 
March, 1826, resigned a short time previous to the session 
of the legislature, and Robert Read, Esq., was elected to fill 
the vacancy at a special town-meeting called for the pur- 
pose. Mr. Parker's letter of resignation was as follows : 

To the town of Amherst : — 

The undersigned respectfully represents that on account of 
sickness the situation of his family is such as renders it very 
inconvenient for him to be absent. On the most favorable sup- 
position he apprehends the case will be but little varied during the 
month of June, and that he can not serve the town in the (General 
Court without neglecting more imperious obligations. Under these 
circumstances he thinks it a duty he owes to the town, as well as his 
family, to ask to be excused from serving the town as their Repre- 
sentative in the General Court the ensuing year, or in case the office 
can ba considered as now existing, to ask permission to resign it. He 
does it at this time that there may be opportunity to elect another 
before the sitting of the court. He begs the town to accept his 
thanks for the honor they have conferred on him, and he assures them 
that nothing but necessity would have induced him to decline serving 
them. 

EDMUND PARKER. 
Amherst, May 20, 1826. 

4 July, 1826. The day was celebrated by the Lafayette 
Riilemen, who were presented with a beautiful staudard by 
Miss Lucretia Claggett, in behalf of the ladies of the town, 
after which they dined at Ray's hotel, in company with a 
number of the citizens. 

The viewing committee of the Hillsborough County 
Agricultural Society commenced their tour of duty, in 
examining crops, etc., 24 July, 1826. They reported 
informally^ 29 July, that they had a pleasant trip, being 
every where met with cordiality, welcome, and — grass- 
hoppers. That there would be about an average crop of 



\'lll.] CURRENT EVENTS. 137 

Imliiiii corn, wheat. ;iii(l iidtatocs; rye, a little sliortcnod ; 
s|»i"iii;j: rye. <lania,i:i'il, ami oats very iiiiicli dania'icd liy tin- 
iri"assli<i|i|M'rs : hay, lujt uvrr liall a croj): no tiiniips ; ami 
tour lit'lhs ni the <5ai-(U'ns naked as the middle ol' the luad. 

1S26 was loiiu; reiuenibered as the " gi'iisshupper year." 
TiiKse iuscffs weri" so plenty that iieai'ly every green thing 
was catrii. In some (liaces they are said to have been 
caught in nets ami led to the hogs. A great rain storm 
(M-euiied during the last wec'k in -Vngust, which ilestroyed 
them. More water is said to ha\e fallen in this storm than 
had I'allen in the same length ol'lime tor many years. The 
mails were l)ailly washed, and many ol the hridges were 
swept away. The Merrimack and Soidiegan rivers were as 
high as they are in the greatest spring freshets. 

It was durim:- this storm that the slide on the White 
Mountains took place, liy which the Willey lamily was 
destroyed. 

Fit'ty-thi-ee deaths oi-curred in Amherst in the yeai- 
18 :!(.), a greater nnniher than is recordetl in any <»ther year 
since its settlement. 

Mail} iu .lul\ the whoopiug-congh made its appearance. 
In the sanu' month the measles tollowed. aud soon alter 
the dysentery. These diseases were all more dillicult to 
manage than usual, and ulten terminated iu death. The 
sickness was mure severely felt in the Centre school district 
than any other. In this district alone there were 47 cases 
of whooping-congh, 1-- of measles, ami lO'.i of dysentery. 
.Many adults sutVered severely, and some died. Deaths, by 
the cough, 1 ; dysentery, lo ; measles, 3 ; and one linger- 
ing case, which resulted in death, seemed t(j l)e the result 
of all three of the diseases. Of these 16 were children, and 
l! adults : males 1;J, females .">. The sickness continued 
until past the middle ot l>ecendter. 

Neither wine nor ardent spirits were used at the ilinner 
of the honthern District Medical Society at Xutt's tavern, 
y January, 1827 ; but the table was abundantly snitplied 



138 HISTORY OF AMHERST. [Chap. 

with most excellent cider. Three or four decanters of 
brandy, placed on the table without orders, remained 
untouched by the doctors. 

At the fair of the Hillsborough County Agricultural 
Society, held in this town 24 and 25 September, 1828, pre- 
miums were awarded to George Raymond and Thomas 
Cloutman, of Mont Vernon, Humphrey Moore, of Milford, 
Matthias Spalding, of Amherst, and Thomas Eaton, of 
Francestown, for performing the labor on their farms that 
year without the aid of distilled liquors. 

The use of distilled liquors was at that time nearly uni- 
versal among all classes of the people. The farmer carried 
them to his field, the mechanic to his worksliop, and the 
professional man to his office; all used tliem freely, and 
the legitimate conse(juences — drunkenness, idleness, pov- 
erty, disease, and crime — followed. 

About this time a society was formed in the town the 
members of which were pledged to abstain from the use of 
intoxicating spirits. Associations of a similar kind were 
formed in many other towns. In these movements many 
of the most distinguished physicians, and other educated 
men in the State, took an active part, and suffered no small 
amount of abuse in consequence of their exertions. 

A cow, six years old, exhibited by Capt. Elijah Putnam, 
of this town, at the fair in Milford, September, 1827, aver- 
aged seventeen quarts of milk per day, for fourteen days, 
from which nineteen and one fourth pounds of butter were 
made. 

At this fair Dr. Thomas Eaton, of Francestown, stated 
that he had ascertained, by careful experiment, that one 
seventh more corn could be raised from the same number 
of stalks planted in drills than when planted in the usual 
way in hills. 

A code of by-laws for the prevention of fires within 200 
yards of the court house, to be in force after 1 January, 
1828, was adopted by the fire-wards 22 November, 1827. 



\'III.] PURCHASE OF THK PAUPRR FAUM. l^iO 

1 September, 1829. After ;i day of int«'nse heal the 
wind suddenly elianucd in the night, and the weather 
l)ecanie uncunilurtably eohl, and continued so foi' more than 
a week. The earth had become very dry from a ionu- 
di'nu,i;'ht, and the air was liih'd with smoke and dust from 
numerous lires the wind had rekindled, which wouhl have 
done serious damage but for the great exertions of the 
citizens in (|uelling them. 

Dr. Daniel A(hims, of Mont VeiMion, delivered an athlress 
itefure the Amherst temjjerance society on the evening of ('» 
May, iHrJO. Many citizens Irom all j»arts of the county, 
who were ill town attending the session of the court weie 
preMiit. and listened with jileasure to the |)oi;tor's valu- 
alile and convincing discourse. 

tl August, IS:')!). A great freshet, oceurred. the like of 
which has seldom been seen l)y the oldest inhabitants. 
Tile streams, swollen to an unwonted height, ijurst over 
tli'ir bairiers. and in sinnv cases formed new channels, 
presenting a scene of ruin ami desolation along their 
eoiirse.s. 

The Hillsborough County Agricultural Society held their 
eh'venth exhibition in Amherst, October <) ami 7, 18-5(). 
Although the weather was hue and the attendance large, 
the exhibition was small. On the morning of the Tth the 
auimal aildress was delivere(l in the meeting-luMise l>y \h-. 
S. 1. Hard, of Francestown. It was an interesting and 
valualde jiroduction. 

PCKCUASK OF Tin: PAI I'Ki: FAKM. 

The sii|i|iort of ihe town |iau|iers was provided for by the 
town, auuiially. at a meeting held near the (dose of the 
month of .March, when iheir maintenance during the 
coming year was let out to the lowest l)idder. 

This course, the best at first, perhaps, that eoiiM be 
adopted, was open to serious objections, and, at the annual 
town meetim:-, March. I^^IT, William Fisk, Fdmuml Parker, 



140 HISTORY OF AMHERST. [Chap. 

John Secombe, Daniel Campbell, jr., Elijah Putnam, Robert 
Means, Israel Fuller, Frederick French, William Read, and 
Jedediah K. Smith, were appointed a committee to take 
into consideration the propriety of providing a house for the 
accommodation of the poor of the town, so that thej may be 
more prudently and comfortably supported, and in a way 
less repugnant to the feelings of humanity than at present. 

At the adjourned meeting held 26 March, 1817, the com- 
mittee reported that the time had been too short to make 
the necessary in({uiries in regard to the matter put into 
their hands, and that it would be advisable to appoint a 
committee of two or three persons whose duty it should be 
to procure information from overseers of the poor in towns 
where farms had been purchased on which to support the 
poor and lay the result of their inquiries before the town at 
some future meeting. 

While they considered it unadvisable for the town to 
purchase a farm at that time, they were persuaded that the 
time would arrive when it would be advisable so to do. 

The town voted to accept the report of the committee, 
but took no further action. The subject of the purchase of 
a pauper farm was again brought up and discussed at the 
ainiual town meetings until 1826, when another committee 
was appointed to take the subject into consideration ; but 
no record exists to show that they were called upon to make 
a report of their doings. 

Another committee was appointed in March, 1828, to 
take the subject into consideration, but no further action 
was taken. 

9 March, 1830, the town voted not to purchase a farm 
for the support of the poor. 

11 December, 1830, the town voted to purchase a farm, 
on which to support tlie poor. John Mack, David Stewart, 
Bartholomew Dodge, Thomas Wilkins, and Daniel Camp- 
bell, jr., were appointed a committee to carry the vote into 
effect, and they were authorized to sell the real estate then 



VIII.] PURCHASE OF THE PAUPER FARM. 1 11 

owikmI Ity the town, and lo huri'ow sin-Ji a sum of iiioiirx . in 
addition to tiK' amount received from sncli sale, as would 
enalile them to \)iiy for the farm, with the necessary stock 
and tools rc(inired for it, and ju'ovisions for the support of 
the paupers the first yea i", thi' wliolc ainonnt not to exceed 
lour thousand dollars. 

Tlic coniniittee atteudi'd at once upon the husincss 
entrusted to them, and, attei- the necessary impiirifs and 
examination of farms offered, decided to punduise the farm 
lyim:' on the south side of Souhegan river, owned l)y .Mr. 
.John .Mark, and at the annual meeting in March, 1S:U. 
made report of their action in wliich they stated that. 

"Finding they could not i»urchasc the wliole farm with- 
out exceeding the limits assigned them, they had reserved 
ill their own hands ahout sixty acres, and taken a deed ol 
the remainder for the town for the sum of 6'3,lo0. The 
land they had secured could he had for «700, if the town 
desired to purchase it, which the committee were decidedly 
of o|miion it would be for the interest of the town to do, 
which would make the cost of the whole >!-'>,8o0, which, with 
the stock, tools, and ]>ro\isions necessary, would icfpiirc an 
outlay of from forty-two to forty-three humlred dollars, 
thirty-live hundred of which they had already hired. 

They also repoi'ted that they had not purchased any 
stock, i'arming tools, or provisions, and hut a snutll aniount 
of furniture, not deeming it best to do so until they were 
wanted, and that they had hired Mr. John W. Underwood, of 
Ihiiistalile, to superintend ami carry on the farm one \ear 
at a salary of ><20<). 

Also that they had l>een oll'eriMl three dollars and fifty 
cents pel' acri> [Or the land ownc(| l>v tlie town, and suli- 
mittcd tJie matter to the town, whether they would accept 
the olVer or not. 

After hearing the rei)ort, the town \()t4'd to jiur<hase the 
ti'/inlc of the Mack farm, as recommende(l, and ttt dispose 
of tln^ town's land on the best terms olVered. 



142 HISTORY OF AMHERST. [Chap. 

They also voted that tlie committee draft by-laws and rules 
and regulations for the government of the poor-house, 
and report the same at the adjournment of this meet- 
ing. 

Also, voted that the town's farm for the poor Ije taxed 
with school and highway taxes. 

A code of by-laws prepared by the committee was adopted 
by the town at an adjourned meeting. 

The amount paid Mr. Jacob Kimball for the support of 
the town paupers the year preceding the purchase of the 
farm was -^525. 

23 December, 1833. The town voted to build a barn on 
the pauper farm, and the selectmen were constituted a com- 
mittee to superintend the work. The barn, 100 x 40 feet, 
was built the following season, at a cost, as reported, of 
1967.20, exclusive of lumber furnished from the farm. It 
was burned by an insane pauper in the month of March, 
1847, with all its contents, just after the town had paid the 
debt incurred by the purchase of the farm. 

19 April, 1847. The town voted to build a barn on the 
pauper farm, 60 x 40 feet, and authorized the selectmen to 
hire a sum of money to defray the expense of the same, 
provided it does not exceed six hundred dollars. Daniel 
Hartshorn, Israel Fuller, jr., and Thomas Wilkins. were 
appohited a committee to superintend its erection. 

2 May, 1847. Voted to enlarge the size of the barn, and 
build it twenty feet longer, making the whole length eighty 
feet, and authorized the committee to build a shed, such as 
they might think proper. 

The cost of the barn and shed, including the services of 
the committee, was $918.27. 

In 1859 the house on the farm was repaired at an expense, 
as reported, of -f971.43. 

The same year the wood and timber sold from the farm 
amounted to 11,497.50. 



\ I 1 1 . I CURRENT EVENTS. 148 

111 .M;in'li. 1SI<>. tlir town inillioii/.rd the si-lccl iiini to 
sell iind convey a portion ol tlie |>;iii|hm' t':iiiii. iiot rxcfctlinir 
two acres, to Capt. Jaeoh Dailforth. 

The t';inii, lU'i'jiiially a part of Moiisoii, on wliirh l!cii- 
jaiiiiii KtiKlrick settled in 174'.>, is still owned by the town, 
and is worth |>rohal)ly thre(> times the amount paid for it 
lifly years aiio. While sindi :iii institntion was necessarv 
i( fully answered tin' imrposr for whieh it was hoiitrjit : Imt 
the riM'ent chanu'e in the pauper laws of the State has 
alinnsl wholly (jliviated the necessity of town eslaiilish- 
meiits fni- the siippDi-t of |Kiupers. 

1:2 February, 1831. An eelipse of the sun, the lar<;cst 
that has been witnessed in this place since the total eclipse 
of Itl .hme, iSOil, took place to-day between the hours of 
10 : ;')() A. M. ami il : lo P. M. At live minutes past 1 o'clock 
ll.i^'.* diirits of tlu- sun's service were eclipseil. The 
weather was fair, allowinij; a ;:!;ood view of the ecli|»se. At 
the time of the ijreatost ol)scuration the planet Venus was 
visii)le, and an uiiiisiial chill pervaded the atmosphere. 
Owinu; to the j^ioal ilistaiu'e of the moon from the earth at 
the time, the eclipse was no where total. 

'Pile followint:" instance of ••extraordinary desjiatcli " in 
the transmission of the President's message is loimd in the 
Cabinet of 17 Dci-ember, 1831 : 

" Tho President's mossa-jje was conveyed fidiii tlio steaniboat 
wliai f in Providence to Hoston, a distance of forty-two miles, in one 
hour and fifty-two minutes. Tliis rai>idity of eonveyanre is without 
a parallel in this country, and we are not aware of its heinj; iMjualleil 
elsewhere." 

June, 1832. The Asiatic cholera made its appearance in 
(Quebec, whence it spreail over the country, |iro\ inc fatal in 
numberless cases, and ctinsin;.'' trreat alarm. It has never 
|>revailed to :iny u'reat extent in Xcw Ilampshire. 

•Jl D.'tobcr, 1833. The Ilillsborouirh County Mutual Fire 
Insurance Company was organized at Amherst. 



144 HISTORY OF AMHERST. [Chap. 

Charles H. Athertoii was chosen itresident ; Robert Read, 
David McG. Means, Isaac Spalding, of" Nashua, and Abial 
Lovejoy, of Milford, directors ; and John Prentiss, secre- 
tary. 

THE METEORIC DISPLAY 

On the morning of 13 November, 1833, was the grandest 
ever witnessed in this country. Thousands of meteors 
were flying in all directions, and the show continued until 
they were obscured by the light of the sun. The Neiv 
Hampshire Patriot, of the following week, said : 

"At half past five in the moniing the heavens presented one of the 
most extraordinary, sublime, and beautiful prospects ever beheld by 
nian. Imagination can picture nothing to exceed it. The meteors 
were seen flying in every possible direction, through a clear, unclouded 
sky, leaving long lumiHous trains behind. Tn any direction the scene 
could be compared to nothing more aptly than a distant shower of fire, 
whose particles were falling sparsely to the earth. Frecpiently one 
larger and more luminous than the others would shoot across the 
heavens, producing a flash like vivid lightning. Toward the approach 
of daylight the sky began to be obscured with clouds, and the meteors 
appeared less frequently, but they were seen as long as the stars were 
visible." 

Some of the cases brought before the Court of Common 
Pleas at its session in February, 1834, originated in very 
trivial matters. One arose from a matter of six and a 
(juarter cents, which, by eight or ten years litigation, 
amounted to six or seven hundred dollars. 

4 July, 1834, the Lafayette Riflemen paraded and 
received the New Boston Artillery, their guests for the 
day. The day was ushered in by the ringing of the bell 
and the discharge of twenty-four guns. At 12 o'clock a 
procession was formed which marched to the meeting- 
house, where an oration was pronounced by Perley Dodge, 
Esq. At the conclusion of tbe services in the meeting- 
house the company repaired to a booth on the common 
where a dinner had been provided by Mr. Hardy, to which 



VIII.] CURRKNT KVKNTS. 14.") 

iiiiiplf jiislicf WHS iloiic. Tlir twti (•(iiii|i:iiiit'S tlini iiaiiidctl 
on till' I'liiiuiiuii ;iii(l wi'iif tliioiitrJi ;i variety of evolutions, 
evinciiii: a liiuli slate ol' <lisci|tliiie, and at an early hour 
leliied. 'I'lie celehialioii passed olV with a doi^foe ol ^""ood 
order and suliriety creditalde to all eoneerned. 

The *• Ainhersl Lyceum, "' reeently organized, was oj)ene(l 
liy a h'ctuic iVoni Hi'. Anioiy (Jale. -\^ I)eeen»l)er, lS."')4. 

7 d.'iiiiiary, IS:',,"), a liTeat lail ol rain at ni'jht raised the 
Miiall streams to a ^reat height, and tlid f(tnsidera))le 
ilaniaiif to hi-idi:es, mills, etc. The <»ld eouuty bridge was 
eaiiied away. A portion of the dam at .Milford village was 
swept away, 'i'he Kendrici^ l>ridge was made impassable, 
and the Fletcher luidge was for some time in great peril, 
Itut ha|»pily escaped injury. 

The frame of a new meeting-house for the I'nitarian anil 
I'niversalist societies in Amherst was erected 17 .'une, 
18-'»"), undtM- the direction of John Cromhie, jr., of New 
IJoston .Ml-. Iloylston said, in the ( \i/>iiif'f, \h:\t 

" riic raisiiii,' went mi with j^ivat facility, <'ViTy tliiiiLi lieiiig done 
tlt'CL'iitly and in oriliT, without accid'Mit, and — withmit nun I " 

The house, now the Hajitist meeting-house, was dedicated 
-4 Novendier, 18:'>r), when a discourse, ap|»ropriate to the 
occasion, was picached hy |\e\ . Lyman .Maynard. 

The New cemetery at Nashua was consecrated as a hurial- 
placc •)() June, 18-")5. An exceedingly a|)]iro|)riate aiul 
aide address was delivered, on tliis oceasion, by Hon. Charles 
1 1. Athertou. 

.ASVI.fM FOR Tin: INS.VNi;. 

.V meetiuLT Was held at the court house in September, 
18:'(), for the purpose of expressing an opinion resp<M'ting 
the estal)lishment of an asylum for the insane in this State. 
U(>solutions were j)assed in favor of the f)roicct, and the 
ineeting was addressed by Hon. riiarles If. Atherton and 
John L.Clarke, of Xashua. David rmleiliill, Dr. Amory 
10 



146 HISTORY OP AMHERST. [Cliap. 

Gale, and James Means, were appointed a committee to pre- 
pare a memorial to the legislature on the subject, and 
obtain signatures for tlie same. 

On this subject the town'' voted, at a meeting held 7 
November, 183(3, to request the legislature to grant an 
appropriation for the construction of an asylum for the 
insane ; yeas 88, nays 2. 

The season of 1836 was an unpropitious one for the 
farmers. The spring was backward, and a heavy frost 
came early in September, by which much of the corn was 
injured. The weevil destroyed much of the wheat. Othei' 
kinds of English grain were tolerably good, and the hay 
crop was a little better than it was the year before. Of 
potatoes there was scarcely a middling crop. . Beef and 
wool were plenty, and brought good prices. 

From 1836 to 1844 was the era of road building in 
Amherst. The growing town of Manchester demanded 
better facilities for reaching the shire town than were then 
possessed, and the road leading in that direction was 
straightened and put in good repair at a heavy expense. 
Local roads, demanded for the accommodation of the 
inhabitants in the eastern part of the town, were also built. 

SURPLUS REVENUE. 

18 February, 1837. The town voted that they would 
receive their portion of the surplus revenue of the United 
States, deposited or to be deposited with the State, on the 
terms and conditions prescribed in the law of this State, 
approved 13 January, 1837. David Stewart was appointed 
agent to receive said money and execute the certificate of 
deposit therefor required by said law. 

The town also voted that the board of selectmen for the 
time being be authorized to loan said money, taking a note 
or notes, or other security therefor, payable on demand, 
with interest at six per cent. 



\II1.| CURRKNT KVENTS. 117 

'I^lir ;iiiii)iiiit of siii|(liis ivw'iiui' received In the town, 
with thr iiilcii'sl (111 llie same to 12 Novomher, 1S87, 
;iiiiniiii|r(i. ;it that time, to >'4,"228.T8, whirh niiioiiiif iimi 
>=1lI4.71 — iiinkiiii:' in the whole ><4,-'>4T.7!l — was hoirowed hv 
the selectmen to pay the expense of rehnildinir the Fletcher 
ItiitJLie. laml (laina<i^os, and Kiiildinu' roads in the east part 
of the town ; and >!4,2'.*r).U7 of it was expended I'oi- those 
|Mirposes, leavinii'a halance in their hmids in Mari'h. IsRS. 
of >>r)2.4i'. 

At a meetinj:- held :'.() March, 1830, the town voted that 
the piineipal and interest of the snrplns revenue money 
should he Msed for the payment of money hire(l l)y the 
town, and anthori/ed the selectmen to cancel the notes 
triven for the same. 

ls:{7. 

Many of the farmers in Amherst wore cnfraged in the 
cidti\Mfion of hops, lint the husiness was in a few years 
ahandoiied. ("ol. Stephen I'eahody, of Milfoi'd. was the 
I'hanipion hop raisei' of the county, his crop this year heinjr 
1 1 ,.")G<) pounds from o,U00 hills, an unusual yield, the 
residt of liiiod cultivation of a fertile soil. 

A !in lucial crisis prevailed in tin- conn'try dnrin<r the 
summei- and autumn of this year. There was no small 
silvei- chanire in circulation, and its want was severely felt. 
Fractional hills were issued l»y some of the hanks to supply 
the want, hut the practice was soon discontinued. 

At a meeting:- held 1:'. March, 18oS. the town voted 
unanimously that it was not ex|icilient that the leirislature 
should jiass a law authori/.in<:' town-clerks to record deeds; 
nays 2<il. 

A Liifat amount of damaue was done hy a storm of wind 
and rain, which occurred '2i\ Jamuiry, 1889. The Pauper 
farm hridizf was entirely carried away, and <ireat los.ses in 
mills, hridircs, etc., were reported on the Merrimack and 
Connecticut rivers and their trihntaries. 



148 HISTORY OF AMHERST. [Chap. 

4 July, 1839. The day was celehrated by the Democratic 
Republicans of Amherst and the neighboring- towns. A 
procession was formed, whicli marched, under escort of tlie 
Lafayette RiHemen, to the Universalist church, where an 
oration was pronounced by Hon. Charles G. Atherton, of 
Nashua, after wliich the company partook of a sumptuous 
dinner. Gov. Isaac Hill, Hon. Charles F. Gove, and other 
invited guests were present, and made speeches, and all 
passed off pleasantly. 

The rifle company, which aj)peared in its new uniform 
for the first time, marched to Milford at an early hour, to 
be present at tlie ceremony of presenting a stand of colors 
to the Milford Light Infantry. 

3 Sejjtembcr, 1839 — evening. A brilliant dis])lay of the 
northern lights was noticed. A writer speaking of it, says — 
" Probal)ly a more brilliant plienomenon has not been 
observed since the meteoric shower, 13 November, 1833." 

1839 was the era of the great Rohan potatoes. Special 
pains were taken in their cultivation, and specimens of 
remarkable size were produced ; l)ut it was soon found that 
witli equally good care in cultivation otlier varieties were 
quite as productive, and of far better quality. 

An enthusiastic meeting of tlie Whigs of Hillsborough 
County was held in Amherst 15 April, 1840. A log cabin 
from Nashua, with the usual appendages, made its appear- 
ance, Joseph Lakeman, a Revolutionary soldier, residing 
in Amherst, occupying it, and the " latch string was out." 
1,000 or 1,500 people were present. David Steele, Esq., of 
Goffstown, presided, and addresses were made by the 
President, Daniel Clarke, of Manchester, Francis Hilliard, 
of Boston, and others. Delegates were chosen to attend 
the Young Men's Whig National Convention, to be held at 
Baltimore the following month. 

The Whigs of Amherst and vicinity, to the number of 
about one hundred and iifty, partook of a supper at Nutt's 
tavern, on the evening of 2 December, 1840, in honor of 



VITT.] CURRENT EVENTS. 1 !!• 

Www victory in tin- recent presidential clci-tidii. I Inn. 
('Ii;irl('s II. .Vllinton prrsidcd, ;ind, iil'tcr the siii»|m r w.is 
ilisjiosrd i»r, ;iildrcsstMl tlir nicetinu'. l*MiMiin<l linker mikI 
Iliiltliard Nfutnii. Ivsijs., nlso niiidi' slmrt ;iddres.se.s. 



150 HISTORY OF AMHERST. [Chap. 



CHAPTER IX. 

1840-1882. 

PROCEEDINGS OF THE TOWN, AND CURRENT 
EVENTS. 

SHOWERS AND STORMS. WINTER OF 1842-43. RAILROAD 

MATTERS. AMHERST STEAM MILL. FAIR OP THE HILLS- 
BOROUGH AGRICULTURAL SOCIETY, 1801. BOUNDARIES OF 

THE FIRE PRECINCT. TEMPERANCE MOVEMENTS. COLD 

WINTER. MEETING OF THE FRIENDS OF FREMONT AND DAY- 
TON. CENTENNIAL CELEBRATION. THE COLD MORNING OF 

7 FEBRUARY, 1861. — PRESENTATION OF A UNION FLAG. 

THE LOYAL TOWN CLOCK. " SOLID " MEN AND WOMEN OF 

AMHERST, 1864. THE AMHERST HOTEL. THE GREAT RAIN 

STORM, OCTOBER, 1869. FIRST OBSERVANCE OF DECORATION 

DAY. ALTERATION AND REPAIRS OF THE COURT-HOUSE. 

CENTENNIAL CELEBRATION, 4 JULY, 1876. THE LIBRARY 

BELONGING TO THE AMHERST LIBRARY ASSOCIATION ACCEPTED 
BY THE TOWN. — THE "DARK DAY" OF SEPTEMBER, 1881. — 
CHECK-LIST, MARCH, 1882. 

Three severe thunder showers occurred 30 June, 1841. 
The second of these was accompanied by hail, which did 
an immense amount of damage. It was estimated that 
20,000 lights of glass were broken in Amherst alone. 
Some of the hail stones were as large as good sized hen's 
eggs. 

From the second to the sixth days of October, this year, a 
cold storm prevailed, during which some six inches of snow 
fell, which soon melted. 



IX.] CURRENT EVENTS. 151 

'V\u> winter following was the mildest known for niany 
\r;iis. Only iil)oMt I'orty-two inclies of snow fell (lnrin<x the 
ulidlc sc;isiin, imd tliriT was Iml litllr slciuliiniT. Aliuut 
the mitltllf of Febrnary there was a thnmU'r shower, by 
whieh the roads were liadly washed in sonic iiIjiccs. 

I)ei-enil)er, 1841. A singnhir disease prevailed nniong 
the horses at this time. It was at first indicated l)y loss <jf 
a|i|tctitc, followed by stillness in the jcjints, rnnnin<^ at the 
eyes ;iiii| nose, fever, and swelling; of the limi)s and body. 
It \v;is very c(»nt;iniuiis, and in iiian\ cases teriiiiiiated 
lalally. 

A tei'ribly cold storm of wind ami snow occnrrcti 11 
.lime. IsJii. ;iii(| ;it its close ilie Liroimd was covere(l with 
snow to the depth of three or lour inches. A hiiih wind 
prevailed the next day. wliii-h would have done credit to 
November. Ill soiiic places 1 he c' ini was lariie enoiii;li to 
hoe, and ajiples had formed as larue as peas; but they sus- 
tained no serious daniaj^'c. 

Trices of farm products October, 1842: 

Hay, •"ii'T to ><8 per ton ; 
Ihitter, 16 to 18 cents |(er pound : 
potatoes, 20 cents Jier busliej ; 
Winter apjiles, s'l per i)arrel : 
Other articles in proportion. 

(Jo\. Hubbard was terribly behind-hand about Thank.s- 
LiiviuiT this year, the 22d day of December beiiiLr appointed 
for that time-honored festival. 

The winter of 1842-4o was a lonu" and severe one. 
Sleiuhs were nse(l until |iast the middle of April, and on 
the seventeenth of that month the snow was three feet deep 
oil a level. It licLP-aii to melt soon after, and. there being 
no frost in the ground, it disappeared rapidly, ami farmers 
were sowing spring grain by the tenth of May. But very 
little fruit was raised that season. 



152 HISTORY OF AMHERST. [Chap. 

The Fifth regiment mustered in this town 27 September, 
1844, and fully sustained its good character as one of the 
best regiments in the State. It was reviewed by Maj. Gen. 
John McNiel and staff. 

16 December, 1844. Jonathan Herrick, Jonathan Herrick, 
jr., Henry Sanderson, William Leavitt, James Alexander, 
and Daniel Secombe, wnth the farms on which they lived, 
were severed from the east district in Mont Vernon and 
annexed to school district. No. 8, in Amherst, for school 
purposes. 

RAILROAD MATTERS. 

Mr. Boylston began to agitate the matter of building a 
railroad to Amherst village at an early date. In the 
Cabinet of 9 September, 1836, he said : 

"The Nashua and Lo^Yell R. E. stock has all been taken up, princi- 
pally in the country, and the work is to be commenced without delay. 

What hinders it being continued to Amherst ? Nothing, but the 
want of somebody to set about it in good earnest. There is plenty of 
capital yet left, and the people are all earnest to have it done, and it 
must be done." 

An act incorporating the East Wilton Railroad com- 
pany was approved by the Governor 28 December, 1844. 
By the provisions of this act the company was authorized 
to construct a road from the Concord Railroad, at any point 
between the Souhegan river, in Merrimack, and the depot 
in Nashua, to Amherst village, thence through Milford to 
East Wilton, or from any point on the Nashua tt Lowell 
Railroad to East Wilton. 

By an act approved 8 July, 1846, Charles H. Atherton, 
John Nesmith, Perley Dodge, Israel Fuller, jr., Stephen 
Peabody, Barnabas B. David, Samuel B. Melendy, Aaron 
Lawrence, and their associates, were incorporated as the 
Souhegan Railroad company, and invested with the powers 
usually held by such corporations. 



IX.] RAILROADS. 153 

By this cliartor tlic Concord Railroad corporation was 
authori/.cd, with the consent of the Soidiejraii Railroad 
coni|>any, to const nid :i roiid from some ))oint on the 
("oiicDi'd lv;iili(i;Hl. at Si luhcLia ii silhiu'c. in MciTiniack. to 
Andicrst viihijiic, the expense of such constriiclion to be 
added to the capital sto(d\ of said Concord Railroad corpo- 
ratiiin ; and tlie (danse in the chartei" of the Wilton Raili'nad 
company authori/inu' the (construction of a i-oad li\ that 
eorporation from ^ferrimack to Amherst was repealed. 

The Sonhej^an Kailioad company, having been organized, 
consented that the road should l)e constructed by the 
(\)ncord Kailroad comj>any, agieeahly to the provisions of 
the eliarter, and apjjlieation having been made to the 
diiectdis itf that comj)any h>i- the |iUrpose. a ineetiiii:- of the 
stockh(dders was called, which was held 'I Seittend)er, 
1S4G, at which the matter of building the road was indefi- 
nitely postponeil. 

The subject was again brought before the stockholders 
at an adjourned meeting held at Nashua 1 October, 184G, 
at \\lii(di the proposition to build the road was rejected on 
a >tiiek \()te, tlieyeas being 6,2.')7, nays t!.:»22 Efforts were 
then made to raise money to enable the Sonhegan comiiany 
i<» bnilil the road, and 20 Jan., 1847, Aaron Lawrence, 
Ks(|.. treasurer of the cor|iorat ion. repcu'ted that 2..')27 shares 
of the stock had been taken at >=.')0 a share. A sul]ici(Mit 
amount of stock not being subscribed to build the road, no 
moMMuent was made toward its construction. 

In the meantime the East Wilton iiailroad company was 
not idh'. The law of the State making railroad corpora- 
tions |iid)lie in certain cases was ado])ted by that corjiora- 
tion, and the iJailroad ( "ommissioni'rs were called ujion to 
locate their road. 

The rej>ort of the commissioiu'rs was made 26 Xovcndier, 
184."). in which they state(I that, (i/fcr cm mining;- the //hiiis 
of the (lilfcrrnf routes proposed and /ledrin-i^- the stnteineuls 
of the purties interested, they were of opinion that the 



154 HISTOKY OF AMHERST. [Chap. 

public good would be promoted by laying out a road from 
East Wilton, through Milford village, to Amherst plain, 
thence through the south-west part of Merrimack to the 
depot of the Nashua and Lowell Railroad company, at 
Nasliville, the ivhole distance being about seventeen and one 
half miles, and they were of the opinion that the public 
good would be best promoted by laying it out in sections 
and at different times. 

The first section of the road, from the depot in Nashville, 
was laid out, and the damages appraised by the Commis- 
sioners, 8 December, 1846. 

At the annual town meeting in March, 1847, the re])re- 
sentative of Amherst was requested to oppose the granting 
by the Legislature of any right or privilege to the East 
Wilton Railroad to construct or build any branch or s|»ur 
to this town. 

The Railroad Commissioners, at a meeting held 13 July, 
1847, laid out another section of the East Wilton Railroad, 
extending from the section previously laid out to Merri- 
mack. 

ACTION OF THE TOWN RELATIVE TO THE EAST WILTON 
RAILROAD. 

At a meeting held 2 June, 1848, voted unanimously — 

" That the town of Amherst does not consent to sell the right of 
way, nor that the Wilton Raikoad corporation shall construct their 
road over any part of the pauper farm." 

Resolved unanimously — 

" That the town of Amherst does not consent that the Wilton Rail- 
road corporation shall lay their road over or across any public 
highway in the town, between South Merrimack and Danforth's 
corner, and that the selectmen be instructed to use all lawful means 
to prevent the same." 

Charles H. Atherton, Nathan Dane, Barnabas B. David, 
Israel Fuller, jr., Richard Boylston, David Stewart, and 



IX.] RAILROADS. 155 

(.'liarles B. Tattle, were aiipoiiitcd a romniittce to receive 
any coininuniealioiis wliicli may Itc made in relation to 
the Wilton Kailnintl. and. 11 in their opinion any ol' sneh 
commnnieations arc ol sulhcicnt im|i(n'tanee, they were 
instructed to lay them l)eiore the town. The clerk was 
directed to make a record ol" the doing.s of this meeting, so 
far as they related to the Wilton Railroad corjioration, and 
transmit the same to Daniel Ahhot, Esfp, president of that 
iorj)oration. 

2 Octoher, 1848. A comnMinii'ation from the directors 
of tlu! Wilton Railroad eor|ioration liaNinu' liecn laid l)rfore 
the town, it was 

" N'oti'd, tluit tlie town of Amherst is willing to grant to llie 
Wilton Railroad company, for building a railroad I'roni Danforth's 
corner — so called — to Amherst plain, or the margin of it, the right of 
way through the town farm, on the most direct and suitable ground 
for said road, the said Wilton Railroad company fencing the way 
through said farm, in a good and sullicieiit manner, and keeping the 
^aid fence in good repair, and making and keeping in repair all such 
cattle paths and passage ways as the convenience of the farming may 
n-ijuire ; and upon the further condition that the said railroad from 
Danforth's corner to Amherst plain, or the margin of it, shall be built 
:iud in running order for cars and engines by the tenth day of Xov- 
iinber in the year eighteen hundred and forty-nine, or the grant that 
may be nuult.' of the right of way shall I'e void and of no elTect." 

ISarnabas 15. l>avid, Nathan Dam-, l)a\id Stewart, Charles 
IJ. Tuttlc, and Richard Boylston, were ap[)ointed a commit- 
tee to carry the preceding vote into effect, which they were 
authorized to do, and also, after the road was surveyed and 
staked through the farm, to agree with the company upon 
tilt- ilamages to Iji' paid the town, or in case they were 
imaltle to agree, the amount mii:ht lie settled hy reference 
or otherwise. 

The cars commenct'd tlu-ir regular lri|)s between Dan- 
forth's corner and Nashua, 23 October, 1848. 

The road from Merrimack to Danforth's corner was Uiid 
out by the commissioners 16 July, 1849. 



156 HISTORY OP AMHERST. [Chap 

A notification to the to^yn from tlic Railroad Commis- 
sioners was received by the clerk and recorded 21 July, 
1849, which stated that they should meet at the Central 
House, in Nashville, on the seventh day of October follow- 
ing, to take into consideration the petition of the Wilton 
Railroad company, asking that a railroad might be laid 
out from station numbered 270, on the line between land of 
Ira Spalding and John Parker to the west end of Milford, 
and that they would at that time, if in their opinion it would 
be conducive to the public interest, lay out the same, either 
wholly or in part, and in conjunction with the selectmen of 
Merrimack, Amherst, and Milford, assess the damages to 
the owners of land over which the road passed. 

On the 6th of August, 1849, the town appointed Perley 
Dodge, Barnabas B. David, Francis P. Fitch, James C. 
FoUansbee, Aaron Lawrence, Elijah Munroe, Richard Boyls- 
ton, Jonathan Knight, and Daniel Hartshorn, a committee 
to appear before the Railroad Commissioners " to oppose 
any alteration of the route of the Wilton Railroad, as 
already established by the Railroad Commissioners and the 
Governor and Council of the State of New Hampshire," 
and the committee were authorized to fill any vacancy that 
might occur in their number, and to employ counsel to 
assist them. No further action in regard to laying out the 
road was taken by the commissioners at their meeting in 
October. 

A notice of another meeting of the Railroad Commis- 
sioners, at Nashville, on the 14th of September following, 
was lodged with the clerk 24 August, 1849. 

This meeting was for the purpose of taking into consid- 
ation the petition of the Wilton Railroad company that the 
route of their road, as originally laid out, might, on account 
of unexpected difficulties, be varied so as to allow them, 
instead of running from Milford vil/ag-e to Amherst plain, 
to run from Milford village eastwardlij to the depot at 
Danfortli s corner. 



IX.] i:aii.I!()ai)s. 157 

Tlic <i»\vii. ;if ;i inci'tiiiLi- held 17 .\.ii«:iist . lS.")(), \- ilcil, 
illi;iliilii'iiisly, t) ()|i|((tsc :iii\ iiltclMtioii ol' llic Wiltitii K;iil- 
I'niid :is iiitw 1mc;i(c(1. aiiil rlnise IVi'lcy hodnif, Ijciiiiicl X. 
rattcc, :iii(l r.aiiialias 11. I >a \ id, niTOIlls, with iilltliorit \- 1(» 
ciiuau'c assistaiiri', and tiirtlit-i- to ad as tlicv iiii'jlit think 
|ii-njM'r in the iircniiscs. 

After hcarinu' \Uv parlies intcn-sti d, the coinniissidncis 
(hMdint'd to make Ihc alti-ralion asked tor. 

Anothei- nieetinj;' ot the ediumissiitneis was h(dd :!'.> 
AuLiiist, 18')<>, to iict u|tiin a petition oi the ICast Wilton 
Ilailioad Coniiiany. askinu' them to aeeept the I'oute to 
Milloid sonth of Sonhetran river as a snbstitnte for the 
ronte fi'om Meniinaek to Amherst iihiin, tlienee to Milford. 

Alter heaiiiii;- the statements of parties interested, the 
ciiiiiiiiissitihers (h'eide(| not to make the ehantre asked for. 

( )n the 2.")th of Septemher, 18.")<.),tlie eommissioners notilied 
the town that the, shonhl meet at the Depot at Danforth's 
eiirner on the ITih (hiy of (>cloher foUowinu', to take into 
I'onsiih'i'ation the ap|»lieation of the Wilton Railroad eom- 
pany for the layiiej,- ont of their road from that |)laee to 
Miltonl and l-]ast \\'ilton, and that shonld it appear, in 
their view, propel' to comply with their request, they should 
jtroeeed to lay out said road, and, in conjunction with the 
selectmen of the towns throuj::h which it jtasscd, assess the 
dam liics to the owners of lands over which it passed. 

At a meeting held 8 October, lH'->(), the town voted to es- 
timate the damaue of the Wilton Railroad passing through 
the raiipei- farm at ^'SOjOOO, and instructed the selectmen 
to insist upon that sum as damages for it to j»ass, 

.\t the meeting in (Ictoher the commissioners laid out 
the road from hanforth's corner to Milford village, and, in 
conjunclion with the selectmen of Milford, appraised the 
damages to the owners of land in that town (»\ci- which the 
road passed. The selectmen of Amherst failed to appear, 
ami were notilied liy the hoard that an adjourned meeting 
Would he ludd 1'.' (Ictoher. at which tlie\ were earnestlv 



158 HISTORY OF AMHERST. [Chap. 

requested to appear and assist tlie board in making- the 
appraisal of damages to the town of Amherst, in conse- 
quence of tlie road passing through tJie Pauper farm. 

A communication was handed the board at the adjourned 
meeting, from Foster Wyatt and Daniel Fletcher, select- 
men of Amherst, in which they stated that one of the board 
of selectmen had left the State, and that they had called a 
meeting of the town, to be held on the 28th of tlie current 
month, to HU the vacancy in the board occasioned by his 
absence, and they requested that the consideration of the 
matter (jf damages might be postj)oned until after the 
election of another member of the board. 

The selectmen not appearing at the adjourned meeting, 
the commissioners proceeded to appraise the damage to 
the town, which they fixed at -ifiSOO, and on the 21st that 
amount was tendered, by the chairman of the commis- 
sioners, to Daniel Fletcher, one of the selectmen, and town 
treasurer, " who refused to take it." 

At a subsequent meeting of the commissioners the road 
was laid out from Milford village to East Wilton, to which 
[dace it was built and opened 1 December, 1851. 

By special orders from the superintendent's office, 31 
May, 1866, the station at Danforth's corner is hereafter 
to be known as Amherst station. 

17 February, 1845. Mr. Hardy, having relinquished the 
sale of intoxicating liquors at his bar and opened his hotel 
as a temperance house, a number of his friends called upon 
him that evening and partook of a supper. After the 
supper was disposed of Rev. Mr. Davis made a brief 
address to the company. Rev. Messrs. Haynes and Dodge 
spoke briefly. Songs by the Hutchinson family were inter- 
spersed, and all present enjoyed the occasion greatly. 

Mr. Daniel F. Stevens also relinquished the sale of 
ardent spirits at his store about the same time. 

At a meeting held 21 January, 1846, the town 



IX.] A.MUllRST STEAM MILL. !.")!• 

'' N'otrd iKit to instruct tlic st'lcctincii to licnisc lavcriiors to sell 
spirituous li(iuurs." 

Anilici'sl iiiid sonif of tlic iKMuliltoriiin" towii.s wcfc visited 
by ii .severe storiu (»!" wind, rain, tlmnder, iiiid li^litiiiiej. 14 
Aiiu'iisl. IS-ltl. liv ulijcli luiicli d;iiii:iii"e \v:i.s done. Ilop 
pdles were Mown dnun ;iii(l luiililinti's niifonled. At 
Nashua the stni-ni was still more sev(>i-e and destriiclive, 
iM'in;^- acconi|iaiiie{l hy iiail. Houses were unroofed; trees 
ii|>roote(l. and much uiass broken. 'I'lu' storm a|»|>ears not 
to have extended (i\fr a hirtie ar'-a, as there was noni' in 
Ilollis. 

The State tax in 184»; was ¥341.4(1: the county tax, 
ir<524.6r). 

A eonsi(h'ral)le slioek of an eart JKjUake was felt at live 
oVdoek on the morniuu- of 25 August, 1846. Its eoursc 
seemed to he from north-west to south-east, and it was 
noticed in many |ihiees in X(>w Hani])shire and Massachu- 
setts. 

The subjeet of liuilding a steam grist-mill in the town 
was agitated as eaiiy as 1832, and a meeting was called at 
Xutt's IFottd, 7 A|i;il of that year, for conference in regard 
to it. Xothing further was (hme until 1 "^ Uk In the month 
of July of that year Samuel 15. Melendy, Cyrus Kastman, 
and Francis Peabody, and their associates, were iucorjio- 
rati'il as the "Andieist Steam Mill Company," with authority 
to use a ca|)ital not e.xeecding ^soOiOOo. 

The company was organized promptly, and measures 
wer(> at once taken for the erection of the neeessaiy luiild- 
ings and mai'hiiiery foi' carrying on the business of the 
c(Uporation. A saw-mill went into o|>eration on the 2od <^f 
February, 1847, and a grist-mill on the 1st of May follow- 
ing. Shortly afti-r, a (da]il>oard and shingle mill were 
completed. 

The buildings consisted of a main building, or machine 
sho|i. 1(10x40 feet, of three stories, designed for mami- 
factuiing })urposes ; an engine house, 3(! x 32 leet : and a 



160 HISTORY OF AMHERST. [Chap. 

saw-mill, 20 x 76 feet, well timbered, and built in a firm, 
substantial manner. 

The machinery was driven by a 50 horse power cnLnne, 
having a balance-wheel 16 feet in diameter, with a face of 
two feet. 

In the C\ihinet we have the following description of the 
steam mill buildings and machinery : 

6 May, 1847. " Amherst steam mill is now in full operation, so far 
as sawing and grinding is concerned. The saw-mill commenced 
operations '2d February, and the grist-mill 1 May. 

The grist-mill is provided with 3 run of French burr stones, 4^ feet 
in diameter; 2 superfine bolts, 18 feet long, 40 inches in diameter; a 
cob cracker ; and a sniut-mill. 

A clapboard and a shingle mill are nearly completed, and will be in 
operation in a few days. 

Engine house, 3(5x32; saw-mill, 20x76; grist-mill, 32x34; 
machine shop, 40 x 100 ; 3 stones ; engine, 50 horse-power, cylinder, 
16 inches in diameter ; balance-wheel, 16 feet, 2 feet face ; 2 boilers, 
25 feet long, 42 inches in diameter; 2 return flues, 15 inches in diam- 
eter ; main belt, 2 feet wide, 110 feet long, connecting balance-wheel 
with a pulley 65 inches in diameter, on a shaft 26 feet long, which 
carries the grist and saw mills., Another shaft driven from this 
shaft, designed to carry the machinery in the machine shop, is 120 
feet long, running the whole width of the saw-mill and the whole 
length of the machine shop." 

The undertaking proved an unprofitable one, the ex- 
pense of operating the establishment being greater than 
its income justified. The buildings were burned 25 March, 
1849. 

The second term of the Teachers' Institute of Hills- 
borough county commenced at the court house 1 Novem- 
ber, 1847. William Russell, of Medford, William H. 
Wells, of Andover, and Lowell Mason, of Boston, were 
among the teachers. Sixty male and one hundred and 
three female teachers were enrolled, and the session was an 
interesting and profitable one. Among those who attended 
a portion of the time was the veteran teacher, Miss Ami 
Orr, of Bedford. 



fX.] CURRENT EVENTS. It'.l 

'J'lic ()ru;iiii/.;i1 ion of the 11 illsl)()i-()iiuli Coiiiily Atrriciilt iiriil 
Society was coini»lt'tcd at a lueetinji; lu-M :it Hardy's tavern, 
8 Fohniary, 1848. Dr. Peter P. Wuodbury was chosen 
president; Edward |). novlston, treasurer; and David 
Stewart, a nicnilier dl' the executive committee. 

This society hehl a fair at Amlierst 1 and 2 October, 
1851, which was considered one of the most successful 
ever hohl in the county. 'JMic JLinc/irs/er A/ncrican, 
speaking- of it, said — 

" It was truly a good time, and one exceedingly encouraging to the 
friends of agricultural progress. Too much credit cannot well be given 
to the citizens of Andierst for the way in which their local arrange- 
ments were conducted. Every provision for tlie accommodation of 
the society was ample. The police was excellent, and every thing was 
arranged upon a system that left little to wish for." 

The Nas/iiKi 'Jc/n^rd/i/i said " Ainliorst folios did first- 
rate." 

The society held several fairs subsequently, at various 
|ilaces, but finally disbanded. 

In 1841), Ezra Molt, of this town, raised from 175 square 
rods of ,u:round 184 bushels ears of corn, of the ten rowed 
variety, -U busjicls of beets ami i-ouiid tiirni|»s, 7^ cart 
loads of pumpkins, S bushels jiotatoes. and 1 bushel white 
Ix'ans. 

Till-: VUIK PRKCINTT, 

As established by the selectmen 21 June, 18.')0, is as 
toljows : 

('onnneneinii- at the court house it extends on the road 
to Daniel Cam|>beirs, 859 rods ; 

On the X(>w Poston road, 411 rt)ds ; 

On tlie ( >l(l 'I'nnijiik(^ road, 455 rods ; 

<>ii the road leadinu' by the new buryiuLr-LM-onnd. 228 
roils : 

( >n the road Icadinu' In the Timothy Patch place, 851 
r(.)ds : 

11 



162 HISTORY OF AMHERST. [Chap. 

On the Milford road, 314 rods ; 

On the old Milford road, 306 rods ; 

On the old Boston road, 260 rods ; 

On the road to Thornton's Ferry, 502 rods ; 

On the Brown road, east, 396 rods ; 

On the Pond parish road, 432 rods ; 

On the Bedford road, 365 rods ; 

On the Dodge road, 524 rods ; 
With the ontlines running from one to anotlier of these 
points. 

8 July, 1850. A meeting of citizens residing within the 
limits of the above precinct was held, at which the neces- 
sary officers were elected. 

The town, at a meeting held 27 April, 1853, voted to 
repair the fire engine and provide suitable hose for the 
same, and constituted the board of selectmen a committee 
to carry the vote into effect. 

At the meeting held March, 1856, they 

" Voted, that the town will raise a sum not exceeding f 500, when 
an equal sum shall have been subscribed by the citizens, for the 
purchase of a fire engine, and chose ,Iohn F. Whiting, James L. 
Hardy, and Charles Richardson, a committee to examine and procure 
an engine." 

SUPPORT OF PAUPERS. 

^At a meeting held 8 October, 1850, seven votes were cast 
in favor of the county farm system, and forty-five against it. 
Sixty-one votes were given in favor of selling the county 
farm at Goffstown, and fourteen against it. 

The State tax this year was $352.80 ; the county tax, 
1612.76. 

79 votes were given in favor of the passage of the 
" Homestead Exemption " law, and 20 against it, at a town 
meeting held in March, 1851. 

" Bloomer " dresses made their appearance in the spring 



IX.] CURRENT EVENTS. 103 

of 1851. Mi\ IJoylstoii notices the Mppi'iiraiu'c of two at 
chtircli in "blue, briji'lit, and Hardy." 

A laid was made ujion the li(|uors in the Xutt tavern 11 
Aut>ust, 18")1, by a party ol" yonnii' men who destroyed 
thi'Ui. 

A lariio number of citizxMis were ajipointed s|)ecial police- 
incii to |)res('rve order and sup))ress the sah." of ai'dent 
spii-its at the fair ot" the Ilillsliorouu-h County Au-i-icnltiiral 
society, 22 September, 1851. 

The Xnttta\'eiMi hnvinu' been opened asatemperance house? 
abiiiit one liinulred and fifty friends of temperance made 
the j>roj)rictor a visit and partook of a su|)per, 6 February, 
1852. Aaron Lawrence, Es(]., presided. Music was fur- 
nislied by Messrs. Carlton A- Ilandet. A(hlresses were 
made by the President, Rev. Messrs. Davis and Burrou.i^hs, 
Perley J)od.ue, Es(|.. Pr. V. P. Fitcli. and Sanuiel Campbell, 
Es(j., of Mont Vernon. The festivities were brought to a 
close at ten o'clock by singing "Old Hundred," the whole 
company standing. 

2<) votes were given in favor of the passage of " an act 
b)r the suj)pression of drinking houses and tii)pling shops, 
and 91) against it, at a meeting held 26 November, 1852. 

8 March, 1853, the town instructed the selectmen not to 
iieeus(^ the sale of ardent spirits, except for mechanical and 
nie(|iein;il purposes, and tliey were directed to a|ipoint a 
eonimittee of live persons to prosecute all violations of the 
liipior law. On the 27th of April following, Richard Boyl- 
ston, Fiancis Wright, Elbridge Hardy, and David Fiske, 2d, 
were appointed as the committee. 

There was a great scarcity of silver (diange in the spring 
and snnnuer of 1853, not enough being in cir(!ulation for 
ordinai'y business ti'ansactions. The want was soon sup- 
jdieil l)y the coinage of silver ]>ieces of lighter weight than 
formerly. ]iieces of the new emission being distinguished 
fr.)ni the old?r ones l)v- li^'ures of arrow heiils on either side 
of the date. After this the old-fashioned four pence-half 



164 HISTORY OP AMHERST. [Chap. 

pennies, ninepences, shillings, pistarcens, quarters, halves, 
and milled dollars, of Spanish and Mexican coinage, dis- 
appeared from circulation, many of them being badly worn 
and mutilated, fit only to be melted and re-coined. 

25 August, 1853, a beautiful comet was visible in the 
north-west, a few degrees above the horizon. 

The inventory of the estate of Hon. Charles G. Atherton 
returned to the probate office in December, 1853, amounted 
to 'S162.000, the largest estate ever left in the county at 
that time. 

In March, 1854, William J. Weston, Peter Carlton, 
Joseph Mace, and Benjamin B. Whiting, were appointed to 
make a new appraisal of real estate for purposes of taxation. 

113 persons were enrolled by the selectmen in April of 
this year as liable to do military duty. 

Twenty-nine males and eleven females were confined in 
the jail 12 October, 1854. A thriving establishment truly ! 

The winters of 1855-56 and 1856-57 were very severe. 
For a period of forty-five days, extending from 25 Decem- 
ber. 1855, to 9 February, 185<», the weather was at no time 
warm enough to melt the snow from the roofs of buildhigs, 
even in sheltered situations. 

Tlie cold term the next winter extended from 20 Decem- 
ber, 1856, to 27 January, 1857, during the whole of which 
time the snow remained unmelted on the roofs of buildings. 

The 23d day of January, 1857, was probably the coldest 
experienced in New England for a century. A brisk north- 
west wind prevailed through the day, and the thermometer 
at no time in the day rose to zero. In the morning and 
evening it was about 25 degrees below zero ; in some places 
35. 

Hay caps, for protecting hay and grain from storms, 
came into pretty general use in 1856. 

The culture of sorgho for sugar and molasses was com- 
menced by some about this time, but it was soon abandoned. 

A mass meeting of the friends of Fremont and Dayton 



IX.] CENTENNIAL CELEBRATION. lOo 

\\:is lirld oil the pliiiii, '2'> S('|)t('inlior, l^o'i. Jt was 
pniltalily the larizcst political li'allu'ring tliat ever as.scinltlod 
ill town. l)rle<^utions were present from Manelicster, 
Nashua, Milt'oid, New Boston, Brookline, Lvndehorouj^h, 
Merrimack, an<l other towns. A procession was formed, 
under the diiccfiou of ("apt. Daniel Hartshorn, as marshal, 
which marched to the place of mcetin<r. Charles II. Camp- 
hell. i']s(|., acted as |)resident of tiie day, and speeches were 
iii:i(|i' liy Mason W. d'appaii. Daniel Clark, and others. 
• 'ampainn sonu's wei'c suul;', and general enthusiasm pre- 
vailcil. 

Two hundred iruns were fired hy the Democrats of this 
town, -1 No\endier, lS.')(i. in honor of the (dection of Mr. 
Buchanan. 

The (dd •• Read store," lontr a noted j)lace of husiness on 
the ])lain. was taken down in May of this ycai". 

1'') Auuust, 18')8. The first message by the ocean tele- 
graph to l*'imland was transmitted to-(hiy. (Mi the receijit 
ot' the news the liells in tow u were runu', and in the I'vening 
niiiiy houses on the jilain were illuminated. 

CENTENNIAL CELEBRATION. 

At the annual meeting 8 March, IS.V.i, the town 

" Resohed that the town of Aiiihcrst will at some siiitahle day in 
.laiiuarv, in the year of our F^ord IStii), celebrate the one hundredth 
anniversary of the incorporation of the town, and that the selectmen, 
with such others as they m.ly add, be a conmiittee to make such 
arrangements and appropriations as they may tiiink proper antl suit- 
able for the occasion." 

4 Octoher. l.^.')0. The new engine comj)any ajipeared for 
the first time in their new uniform — red jackets, l)lue 
collars, front Ix-lts. and caps. A beautiful banner was 
l>reseiited to them by Miss II. .(. Xutt, in liehalf of the 
ladies of the town. 

TlH>re was frost in every month of this year. < hi the 
niiiiit of •'• June there was a severe one in most of the 



166 HISTORY OP AMHERST. [Chap. 

Northern and North-western states. At Portsmouth, it is 
said, enough to form a ball the size of a hen's egg was 
collected from a surface a yard square. 

The selectmen, Perley Dodge, Barnabas B. David, 
Edward D. Boylston, Charles H. Campbell, and David 
Stewart, were appointed a committee to make arrangements 
for the observancie of the one hundredth anniversary of the 
incorporation of the town, 18 January, 1760. 

On account of the inclement season at which the anni- 
versary occurred, it was judged best to defer its celebration 
until a more favorable season of the year. Accordingly 
the 30th day of May, 1860 was selected for the purpose, 
and an invitation was extended to the towns of Milford 
and Mont Vernon, formerly parts of Amherst, to unite with 
the parent town in the observances of the day. The invita- 
tion was accepted by the town of Milford at the annual 
meeting held 10 March, 1860, but declined by the town of 
Mont Vernon. 

The centennial of the first town meeting, 20 February, 
1760, was celebrated by the citizens of the town, who 
assembled in large numbers in the town-hall under the 
Congregational church, on the evening of the 20tli of 
February, 1860. Charles H. Campbell, Esq., presided, and 
prayer was offered by Rev. J. G. Davis. Music of ye 
ancient times was performed by a choir clad in appropriate 
costume. The ancient fire-place, of ample dimensions, with 
ye settle for ye younge folks near by was re-produced, and 
the ample supply of bean porridge, furnished by ye " blacke 
cowe," in attendance, together with other substantial 
refreshments popular in the days of the fathers and moth- 
ers, were partaken of. Old documents were read, and the 
Todd family appeared, doing marvelous things in the way of 
cobbling", spinning wool, flax, etc. At the close an invita- 
tion was extended to all present to attend the next centen- 
nial celebration, the assurance being given that the latch 
string would be left out for all on that occasion ! 



TX.] CURRENT EVENTS. 167 

30 May, 1860, tlie centennial of the incorporation of tin- 
tow n was commemorated. A procession was formed at lo 
o'clock, near the conrt-housr. nndcr the direction of Cajit. 
Daniel Hartshorn, in the iollowintr order: 

Marshal, 

Manchester Cornet I>and. 

Lawrence Entiine C()m))any, 

Connnittee ot Arrangements, 

Chaplain and Orator, 

Invited Oiiests, 

Selectmen ol Amherst, ^lillord, and Mont \ ernun, 

Citizens of Amherst, Milford, and Mont Vernon. 

< »n the anixal of the procession at the stand on the 
common, alter order had been restored, prayer was offered 
by the cha]»lain. The town charter was read by William 
A. Mack, Esq. This was followed Ijy mnsic from the 
band, and an address by Hon. Horace Greeley, of New 
York, a native of the town. At the conclnsion of the 
address the procession was reformed and marched to the 
town-hall, where a dinner was partaken (jf. 

After the close of the jjcrformanccs in the hall, the com- 
pany retnrned to the stand on the common, where speeches, 
sentiments, etc., were in order. 

A severe storm of wind, i-ain. and snow oci-nrrcil 7 Febi'ii- 
ary, 1861. 'I'he morninLi" of that day was mild and rainw 
Toward noon the wind rose, and at night increased to a 
gale. The next morning was one of the coldest ever expe- 
rienced here, the thermometer standing at — 36°, a change 
of Qii° in twenty-fonr hours. 

The State tax jtaid l)y the town this year was >!330.50 ; 
county tax, >:648.r)r). 

In June a mauiiilicent comet made its apjiearancc in the 
ni)rthwest. and I'cmained visible several weeks. 

7 June the town Union llau' on the connnou was InuiL^ at 



168 HISTORY OP AMHERST. [Chap. 

half mast, and the bell tolled during the hour appointed 
for the funeral of Hon. Stephen A. Douglas. 

25 June leave was granted by the selectmen to such 
persons as might subscribe for the same, to build a reservoir 
on the common, the control of which should be under the 
direction of those who conti'ibuted to its building. 

The Fifth regiment N. H. Vols, was composed of one 
company from each of the counties in the State. The com- 
pany from Hillsborough County was commanded by Capt. 
Charles E. Hapgood, of Amherst, and went into camp 25 
September, 1861. 

11 March, 1862, the town voted that the next inventory 
of taxable property in town should be sworn to by the 
owners of same. 

4 July, 1862. Independence day was celebrated by tlie 
Sunday-schools and citizens of the town generally. A pro- 
cession was formed on the common, which marclied to the 
Atherton grove, where the eatables and drinkables provided 
for the occasion were disposed of, after which addresses were 
made, and songs were sung by the children. Another 
" good time " was had at the town-hall in the evening, 
where songs were sung, tableaux presented, etc. 

12 August, 1862. Voted on an act providing for remov- 
ing the trial terms of the courts and the county offices of 
the county of Hillsborough from the town of Amherst. In 
favor of the act, 1 ; against it, 269. 

28 March, 1863. Voted that the selectmen be author- 
ized to audit and settle the account for expenses incurred 
in defeating the bill attempted to be passed at the last 
session of the legislature, for removing the courts and 
county records from this town. 

State tax paid by the town this year, -11,309.50 ; county 
tax, $756.64. 

15 February, 1864. The town Union flag having been 
destroyed, the young ladies of the place held a fair to raise 
the means of purchasing another, which being accom- 



IX.] CURRENT EVENTS. 169 

]»lisli('<l. the Ihiii' was this attcniooii |ii"csciitc(l to the ivc|iiili- 
licaii dull, to be used as a rninii llaLf and I'ui- iiodtlier 
j)iii-])()st'. Alter the ]»reseiitati()ii of tlu' lla^ by Miss II. .1. 
Xutt and its reeeption by John F. W'liitinu', it was raised to 
its phice. Speeches were made by I-]. D. Boylslon. .1. (J. 
Davis, \V. H. Clark, and E. J>. Iliehardson. A sentiment 
iroiH hr. F. P. l''iteh, president ol the baehelur's clnh, eoni- 
|iliniciitini:- tlic ladies tor their u'ii't, was received with 
cheers. The idiil) and ihe citizens then nnited in siiiu'inu" 
" 'I'he Star Spangled l>anner." Three cheers were given 
lor the sjieakers, and three times thi'ee lor the Hag, at the 
close ol whii'h the town-(dock, as it entering into the sjiii-it 
ol the occasion, strnck the honi' ol three, which was b)l- 
lowi'd by three cheers lor the loyal town-clock. 

In the evening the party assembled at the residence of 
F. I». IJoylston. where, alter partaking ol' a bonntil'nl repast 
prepared by the clnb, toasts and sentiments were in order. 

8 March, 18(14. The selectmen were directed to provide 
a suitable place tor keeping the lire engine and apjtaratus, 
lor which they were anthoii/.ed to expend a sum of money 
nut exceeding ><'30Q. 

State tax, 18G4, i!2,425.00 ; cotiidy tax, !?75(>.»)4. 

State tax, 18t.)5, -f 3,892.50 ; connty tax, >='J2T..")i'. 

A great rain storm occurred on the sixth and seventh 
days of March, I8ti4, whicli caused <pnte a fresliet in the 
Souhegan and its tributaries, in this storm the Chickering 
iiridge was so badly washed that it fell in, and had to be 
reliuilt. 

'•solid" men and women in AMIIEUST, 1S(')0. 

Incomes as swoi-n to by internal revenue tax-|»ayers. 

.Varuu I.awronoo, ."C'tijO )() I'oiley Dodge, •T'I.SIj 

Mary Hoylston, 2,481 Rufus Converae, 1,(507 

Ihuiisnii Katoii, •2,'2>n) George W. Moore, l.:J03 

Cliarles 11. Caniplu'lj, -J.lsS George W. Kictcher, l.'J'Jl 

t'liailes Converse, 2,100 .losiali ( 1. Davi-s, l.L'ln 



170 AMHERST HOTEL. [Chap. 

Francis P. Fitch, l,l-2'2 Samuel Ober, 1,066 

George A. Raiiisdell, 1,099 Ilollis E. Abbot, 1,007 

J. O. Pulsifer, 1,076 Daniel S. Perkins, 1,000 

Tlie Amherst Hotel company, incorporated in June, 
186(3, was organized 31 December, 1866, by the choice of 
Charles Richardson, Jotham Hartshorn, Harrison Eaton, 
John F. Whiting, and William A. Mack, directors, and 
George F. Stevens, clerk. 

22 December, 1866, the town voted — 49 to 24 — to sub- 
scribe '14,000 to the stock for building the hotel, agreeably 
to the provisions of an act approved 6 July, 1866, on condi- 
tion that an equal amount of stock be subscribed and paid 
for by individuals. 

The hotel was formally opened to the public 29 April, 
1869, by Mr. D. E. Chamberlin, the lessee, who took pos- 
session the 9th day of March preceding. About 300 ladies 
and gentlemen were present from this and the neighboring 
towns, who passed a very pleasant evening. Music was 
furnished by the Hollis Cornet band, and the company was 
entertained with songs by Miss Helen A. Russell. 

The hotel stood on the south side of the common, on the 
site of the old " Stewart " house, which had been removed 
to another locality. 

The main building was 70 x 36 feet, three stories high ; 
adjoining it, running south, was an ell, 60 x 30 feet, also 
three stories in height. Two jtiazzas extended the entire 
length of the main building in front. The whole expense 
of the building, at the time of the opening, had been 
120,000. 

The house was kept for some years by Mr. Chamberlin. 
After he left, it was kept one year under the charge of 
Harrison Eaton, Esq., one of the board of directors of the 
company, when it was sold to Marshall Davis. By him it 
was sold to Thomas Saunders, who afterward sold it to C. 
A. Shaw, of Boston. 

It was burnt on the morning of 25 January, 1876. 



IX.] CURRENT EVENTS. 171 

Sunday, 15 July, 186(5, the sum of one liundred dollars was 
contributed in the Congregational church lor the relief of the 
suti'erers from the recent lire in Portland, Maine. 

At the annual meeting in March, 1807, tlie town voted 
on the (iiiestion of abolishiiiu' |iaii|)or settlements iu towns. 
In favor, 1 ; against, 197. 

'I'he old "Stewart" house, which was saved from the 
lire of 2 December, 18G3, by which the h'uri'ounding biiihl- 
ings were burnt, was moved in September, 1867, to the 
site of tlie Nutt tavern, west of the turnpike, the old tavern 
buildings tliere having been burnt 1 July, 1865. 

2^j June, 1867. John Doyle, of New Boston, was killed 
at Wilton in a melee with Tliomas Broderick, a resident on 
" the Acre," in Amherst. Doyle formerly lived in Amherst, 
and servcMl in the lOtli N. 11. \'ols. in tlic i'i\il war. In 
October foUowing Bi'oderick was sentenced to one year's 
imprisonment. 

Francis Wright raised an ear of corn this year on whicli 
were 1,264 kernels. 

Decoration day was observed in this town for the lirst 
time, 29 May, 1868. 

Xo greater rain fall has been experienced in Andierst 
for a century than that wliicii took place on the third and 
fourth days of October, 1869. Between seven and eight 
inches of water fell in the course of forty-eight hours, and, 
at the close of the storm, most of the roads were so badly 
washed as to be impassable. A vast amount of property, 
consisting of dams, bridges, mills, etc., was swept away. 

REPAIRING THE COURT HOUSE. 

At a meeting held o November, 1868, the selectmen were 
ajipointed a committee to confer with the county commis- 
sioners relative to the accejjtance of the court house, keep- 
ing it in repair and iu a lit condition to accommodate the 
courts, on condition of receiving the rents that might be 
received from its use. 



172 HISTORY OP AMHERST. [Chap. 

9 August, 1870. Edward S. Cutter, Edwin R. Burtt, and 
Thomas M. Harvell, were cliosen a committee to examine 
the title of the town to the court house and ascertain the 
amount of money necessary to be expended to put the 
house in a suitable condition for the accommodation of the 
courts, town meetings, etc. 

G September, 1870. This committee made a verbal 
report in regard to the title, and recommended the enlarge- 
ment of the court room to the full size of the building, 
raising the walls of the ells to the same height as those of 
the main building, erecting a stairway in the north ell, 
and putting the roof of the house in complete repair, the 
whole of which they estimated could be done for twelve 
hundred dollars. 

The report was accepted and adopted, and Perley Dodge, 
Edwin R. Burtt, and Harrison Eaton, were appointed a 
committee, with full powers to make the proposed altera- 
tions and improvements. 

A survey for a railroad having been made ' between 
Danforth's corner and King's mills, in New Boston, a dis- 
tance of llf miles, and the route being found feasible, the 
town, at a meeting held 2 January, 1869, voted to give the 
road the right of way across the town farm, the use of the 
ledge on the farm, and gravel for building the road. It 
was also voted — 180 to 66 — to take stock in the road to the 
amount of five per cent, of the valuation of the town. 

22 January, 1869. The town of Mont Vernon, after 
once refusing to aid in the construction of the road, voted, 
at a meeting held this day, — 109 to 48, — to take stock in 
the road to the amount of five per cent, of its valuation last 
spring. 

Post 0. W. Lull, Grand Army of the Republic, decorated 
the graves of their fallen comrades at Milford and Amherst, 
10 June, 1869. After decorating the graves of the sol- 
diers in Milford, the Post, at 1 o'clock p. m., proceeded to 
Amherst, where they were met and escorted by Lawrence 



IX.] CKNTKNNIAL CKLKltliATION, is:(i. ITo 

(Migilic ci»m|p:iii\ , ( ';i|it. ( lillti'it Siiinll. An (ii;itinii was dt - 
livLTcd iVoiii the 1i;iih1 sImikI on t he ••(ininiuii liy Col. C'tirroll 
I). Wriirht, 1)1 I'xiston, and luicl atltlicsscs were made l)y 
nainbriduc Wadlciuli, l"]s(|.,and Ijicut. lliimiilircy Uaiusdcll, 
of Millnid, the |icrrornuinci's l»('inu' inlorsjiei'scd with sini:- 
iiii; liy the iiicniltcis of the Aiulicrst fliiili school. At the 
('oiicJMsioii of the sn-viccs the t'oin|iany was cnti'itainrd at 
the ('((lilt honsr liy the hidii'S of the town. 

1- March, 1872. the scdoctiueii were instnictiMl to i)io\idL' 
a room in the court house to i)e used as a "lock up," in 
which to ini|iiison otVenders ag'aiust the police reirnlatious 
of the town. 

At this nieelinir the selectmen wore iustiuctcd to Imild 
an cuirine house, at an expense not exceediuLij >'!i()(). And 
it was Voted to exempt from taxation, for a term of ten 
yeai-s, the ca]»it:il and liuiidinL^s of manufactnivrs w'.i.) may 
hereafter locate in this town, whose annual sales from the 
jiroducts of their business shall exceed ''t'5,000. 

S May, 1873, the town voted to lease the iri'anite ledire 
on tht^ jKiuper farm for a term of years not exceedinir li\c. 
and the selectmen were authorized to .give the lease. 

At a meetin;^ held -lO October, 1875, the town \iited to 
defend an action brouirht aLjainst them by Ileniy M. Fair- 
licld to its final termination. 

\ .u'l.v, ls7i't. NATIONAL cknti-:nnial annivfrsaky. 

The day was obsersi'd in Amherst by the I'iuLiinir ol liells 
and the |irinL''of lhius at sunrise and auain at sunset. The 
day was cloudless, and the landscape clothe<l with the I'ich- 
(>st verdure, and all classes seemeil intent on rejtticimr. 

A basket |ticnic at IJabboosuck pond, under the aus- 
|>iccs of the Sonlieiran (Jramre, was attentled by a larire 
company of farmers ivsidinir in Amherst and Milford. 
The urove j)resente(l a very lively and |)leasin!Lr aspect 
with its liJipjiy irroups of well-<lressed families. These 
festivities, so in harmony with the habits of an agri- 



174 HISTORY OF AMHERST. [Chap. 

cultural population, were followed by more formal public 
services in the town-hall, in the evening, which were con- 
ducted wholly by citizens of the town. Before the hour of 
meeting the liall was filled witli an enthusiastic company of 
ladies and gentlemen and a generous representation of 
boys and girls. The asseml)lv was called to order by A. A. 
Rotch, wlio had previously been requested to preside. 

Prayer was offered by Rev. J. G. Davis, pastor of the 
Congregational church, when the exercises were opened by 
the president of tlie evening, in a comprehensive but concise 
survey of the great changes in the history of the nation, 
indicating the nature and course of tlie country's progress 
during tlie century. The address was well conceived, and 
prepared the way for tlie reading of the Declaration of 
Independence, hy Mr. Arthur Fletcher, and the pleasing 
variety of songs, recitations, dialogues, patriotic and hu- 
morous, which occupied the following hour. The stage at 
the end of the hall was profusely and tastefully decorated 
with flags, flowers, and suitable emblems. The states 
of the Union were personified by ladies dressed in white, 
with sashes of red and blue, an attractive and graceful 
array of youth and beauty. 

At the call of the president, Levi J. Secomb, Esq., spoke 
briefly of his interest in the celebration, and alluded with 
much feeling to the yet nameless and almost unknown 
grave of John Purple, a Hessian soldier, who deserted 
from the British army and enlisted in the service of the 
colonies. He died in Amherst some years after the close 
of the Revolution. Mr. Secomb expressed a strong desire 
that a stone might be erected by our citizens to commem- 
orate the resting place of this good soldier. The next 
speaker, Dea. B. B. David, spoke of our indebtedness to the 
men and women of the Revolutionary period for what they 
endured in the cause of civil liberty, illustrating his position 
by quotations from tlie price current which Mrs. John 
Adams sent to her husband in Europe, stating the enor- 



IX.] AMHERST MUSICAL ASSOf'IATION. 17') 

inmis j»ri('('s paid for tood and cldthiiiLf of the (•oiniuoiicst 
grades in IJoston. Dr. 15. IJ. Ilartlelt ino\cd that si.mh- 
record l)e miuh- of these proceedintis, of wliieh he was an 
active projector. The motion, which was cordially sec- 
ondeil hy se\ei'al voices, was nnaniniously adopte(l. 'riie 
Ive\. .1. (J. Davis sjioke at some length of the reas(»ns for 
the imjiortant part taken by tlu^ citizens of Andierst in 
the ciinllict with (Jreat Britain. No town in the State has 
a more noble record, as it fnrnishcd more troops in pro- 
portion to its j)opnlation than any other. The descendants 
of snch men should not allow the memory of their fathers 
to pass into forgetfnbiess. They set their conntry above 
all personal interests and ambitions, and if we emidate tlieir 
patriotism and other virtues, the next Centennial w ill wit- 
ness yet greater achievements, and a more elevate(l and 
geiniine j»rosj)erity than we enjoy. 

The addresses were enlivened by sj»irite(l and patriotic 
songs given at intervals by Mrs. Hattie Walker, Mrs. Snsie 
Eaton, and Miss Abby Bosworth. 

The assembly adjourned at an early hour, after uniting 
in singing " My Country, 't is of Thee," with line cfl'ect. 

In October of this year the selectmen received the h)llow- 
ing communication from mend>ers of the '^ Andiei'st Musi- 
cal Association" : 

To the Selectmen of Am/it rst : 

We, the undersijjiK^d, nicnilu'is of llie " Aiiilu'ist Musical Associa- 
ticm." and owners, collectively, of our piano-forte, beinj:; desirous that 
tlic same be placed where it maybe a public benefit, and in a measure 
thus compensate tho.se who aided the a.ssociation in its purcluasc, do 
herel>Y give and present to the town of .\mherst the said piano-forte, 
upon condition that .said town of .\mlierst shall keep it in its town- 
hall, or where it shall lie acce.ssilile for jiuhlic gatherings there, and that 
it shall never be sold or disposed of by said town, or removed therefrom, 
and tliat the town shall keep it in order and be entitled to all rentals 
from its use. We also request that a copy of this paper l>e placed 
ujton the record books of the town, that no misunderstanding may 
ever arise. 



176 HISTORY OP AMHERST. [Chap. 

Francis R. Boutell, Emma L. Clark, 

M. B. Peabody, Geo. W. Bos worth, 

Mrs. L. A. Eaton, Susie A. Eaton, 

Helen B. Rotch, Edward D. Boylston, 

Laura A. Riddell, A. A. Rotch, 

S. M. Stewart, Fannie A. Boylston, 

Henry M. Parker, Albert F. Boutelle, 

Lizzie G. Lawrence, Laura S. Osgood, 

W. D. Forsaith, L. B. Myrick, 

Geo. W. (Osgood, Anna Kent, 

H. E. Woodbury, Rebecca A. Davis, 

1). I). McKean, J. G. Davis, 

H. C. Dodge, M. W. Richardson. 

C. M. L. Bartlett, by L. G. L., 

October 7, 1876. 
To the Amherst Ufasical Association : 

The town of Amherst accepts your generous offer of a piano on the 
conditions above specified. 

By 

Thomas Jones, ") 

Aarox S. Wilkins, > Selectmen of Amherst. 
Isaac B. Dodge, ) 

13 Marcli, 1877, the town voted to repeal the vote passed 
12 March, 1872, exerapthig property invested in manufac- 
turing establishments from taxation in certain cases, but 
provided that this action should not affect any manu- 
facturers who had already availed themselves of the privi- 
leges granted by that vote. 

12 March, 1878, the selectmen were authorized to borrow 
a sum of money not exceeding $2,800 to settle the liabilities 
of the town in tlie " Fairfield Case." 

11 March, 1879. Tlie town voted to accept tlie library 
owned by the Amherst Library Association, and establish and 
maintain the same, by suitable appropriations, as a public 
library for the use of the citizens of Amherst, agreeably to 
the provisions of Cliapter 46 of the General Statutes of New 
Hampshire. The sum of $75 was voted for the library, and 
the selectmen and superintending school committee were 



IX.] CURRENT EVENTS. 177 

iiislnictcd id luiikc all lu'ccssai'v nilcs for its use and luain- 
tenaiice. 

At the aiiiiiial inoL'tiiiL;- Mai'cli, lM,sO, •^lUO was a])pro- 
I'lialcd [ill- ihc payment of tlir librarian and for additi<»ns 
to the liWrary; and the last year's board of selectmen and 
and superintendinji; school committee were ajjpointcd a 
coniniittee to nominate and rej)ort to the meetinir a b<)ai-(l 
of trustees for said lil)rary, two of whom should serve one 
year ; two, two years ; and two, three years. 

In accordance with the report of this committee, Josiah 
(J. Davis and Mrs. P. \V. Dod^e were elected trustees to 
serve one year; J. Edward Upton and Mrs. Samuel I), 
llcrrick, to serve two years; and James F. Weston and 
Lucretia B. Myrick, to serve three years. 

The sum of >5.")<) was voted toward defra\ iiiii' the e.\|tenses 
of Decoration day. 

A UKjtion made that the present scdiool district system 
l>e abolished in this town was rejected — yeas, 79 ; nays, 
!»4. 

\'otcd, with l)ut one dissenting voice, that the sum of 
■•-^oOO be raised and a])propriated to aid in the publication of 
a history of tlie town of Amherst, now in the course of 
pre|»aration Ijy Daniel F. Sccomb, Escp, of Concord, to be 
j»aid when the work is completed. 

The selectmen wei-e authorized to pui-chase a i-oad liuild- 
in<; machine if they deemed it expedient so to do. 

Francis W. Ilolbrook, Thomas M. IlarvcU, and Joel II. 
fishei". were appointed a committee to investigate tlie 
manaucmcnt of the t(jwn farm and sujr.i^est any changes in 
the same that may seem to them to be desirable and report 
to the town at some future time. 

Voted not to allow school district No, 2 to be annexed to 
Milford, and voted «70 from the treasury to assist in the 
maintenance of its schools. 

All)ert A. Rot(di. John H. Coggin, and Charles A. Rid- 
dle, were ajipointt'il In the selectmen a committee to draw 



178 HISTORY OF AMHERST. [Cliap. 

the appropriation for Decoration day and expend the same 
as their judgment might dictate. 

2 November, 1880. On the bill providing for " minority 
representation," there were in favor, 8 ; opposed, G3. 

A report was submitted at this meeting by the commit- 
tee appointed to investigate matters at the town farm, whicli 
was accepted and the committee discliarged. 

March, 1881. The town appropriated -flOO for the pay- 
ment of the librarian and the purcliase of books for the 
town library. 

$50 was voted Post Charles H. Phelps, G. A. R., to be 
used on Decoration day. 

A remarkable dark day, similar to the one noticed in 
May, 1780, occurred 6 September, 1881. -A peculiar yel- 
lowish color of the sky was noticed early in the morning, 
which increased in intensity to such a degi'ec that at noon 
it was necessary to use artificial liglits in houses and shops. 
The darkness began to abate at about five o'clock P. M. 
The vapor or smoke at times was so intense as to wholly 
obscure the sun. At intervals it was visible and appeared 
of a deep red color. Lamps and fires when lighted shone 
with a perfectly white light, and the green foliage of the 
trees and grass was intensified in color, and presented a 
singular appearance. 

Tlie receipts of the town treasury for the year ending 1 
March, 1882, including a balance of >^1,026 on hand, 
amounted to $15,526.65, of which $1,851.31 was received 
from the savings bank tax, $303.85 from the railroad tax, 
$131.15 from the literary fund, and $70 from the income 
of the Lawrence fund for common schools. The taxes 
assessed amounted to $8,573. 

Expenditures for the same time amounted to $13,086.49, 
of whicli was paid for the support of schools, $2,727.97 ; 
roads and bridges, $1,397.54 ; State tax, $1,844 ; county 
tax, $1,406.73. The town debt, over and above available 
assets, was reported to be $562.19. 



IX.] 



CHECK-LIST, MARCH, 1882. 



179 



List of votci's ill .Vinherst, :is coiTcctcd liy the su|)er- 
visor.s ot" olectioiis and used at the .iimiial (own incoting 14 
March, 1882. Names in small CAi'.s were on the check- 
list used at the annual meeting in March, 1843 — i5 in all. 



Altl>ott, Franklin 
.Vikcn, Edward 
Aiken, Edward C. 
Ainsworth, Israel 
Alexander, William E. 
Annis, Alvaro F. 
Atkinson, Robert 
.\twood, John 
Ayer, Simon 
Baldwin, John 
Barrett, Charles .M. 
Bakkktt, Phii.h' S. 
Barry, James 
Barry, William 
Batchelder, Ira A. 
Bennett, .Vldkn I?. 
Berry, Edward 
Berry, Isaiah S. 
Bills Artluir A. 
Bills, Freeman C". 
Bills, Jabez F. 
Bills, Lucius F. 
Blood, George II. 
Bosworth, George W. 

BoUTEI.LK, FlJAN( IS K. 

Boutelle, Henry H. 
Boutelle, Horace S. 
Boutelle, James C. 
Boutelle, John A. 
Boutelle, Hoijkkt 

BoYLSTON, EnWAKD I). 

Brahaney, Patrick 
Breed, Henry \. 
liraman, Cornelius 
Urockway, Ilosea W. 
Broderick, .James II. 
Brow II, Albert P. 



Brown, .Viignstiis W. 
Brown, William 
Brown, William 2<1 
Buckley, Daniel 
Buckley, Dennis 
Buckley, Patrick 
Burnham, Cliarles II. 
Burns, Danii'l 
Burtt, Edwin K. 
Burtt, Edwin R. 
Butterfield, Benjamin F 
Butterfield, .Joseph 
Cady, Nathan 
Caldwell, Edwanl A. 
Caldwell, Isaac F. 
Carleton, John 
Carr, Lorenzo 
Carter, James (). 
Carter, Oliver 
Chace, Frank W. 
Chickering, Albert E. 
Clark, Charles C. 
Clark, Charles J. 
Clark, Edward G. 
Clark. John II. 
Clark, ^^'illiam 
Clark, William D. 
Clark, William R. 
Coburn, Leon O. 
Cochran, James 
Coggin, .John II. 
Coggin, Luther 
Colby, Charles C. 
Colby, Sylvester J. 
Colcord, Edward J. 
Colston, Fred 
Colston, William H. 



180 



HISTORY OF AMHERST. 



[Chap. 



Converse, Charles 
Converse, Charles, jr. 
Converse, Eben 
Converse, Luther B. 
Converse, Robert 
Coombs, Isaac 
Cram, Daniel W. 
Crooker, Carroll J. 
Cross, Cyrus 
Cross, William L. 
Danforth, George 
David, Barnabas B. 
David, John O. 
Davis, Charles L. 
Davis, Edson 
Davis, Herman V. 
Davis, Josiah G. 
Day, Henry C. 
Dinsmore, AValter H. 
Dodge, Charles W. 
Dodge, Henry C. 
Dodge, Isaac B. 
Dodge, Perley 
Dodge, Perley W. 
Doyle, Jei'eraiah J. 
Doyle, John 
Doyle, John, jr. 
Doyle, Patrick 
Druker, Joseph H. 
Duncklee, Porter 
Eaton, George S. 
Eaton, Harrison 
Eaton, Harry G. 
Eaton, Samuel 
Farley, George E. 
Fay, Joseph B. 
Felton, Hiram G. 
Fields, Edwin 
Fisher, Joel F. 
Fletcher, Daniel A. 
Fletcher, John 
Fletcher, John P. 
Flint, Butler P. 



Ford, Frederick 
Forsaith, AVilson D. 
Fowle, Josei^h E. 
George, Xathaniel H. 
Gill, Charles 
Gilson, Frank O. 
Gilson, Luke 
Gilson, Stephen II. 
Goss, John II. 
Gould, .John 
Grater, Charles E. 
Green, Franklin C. 
Hanson, John A. 
Hanson, Joseph F. 
Hardy, Arthnr 
Harris, Henry A. 
Hartshorn, Frank 
Hartshorn, George R. 
Harvell, John II. 
Harvell, Thomas M. 
Ilassell, George R. 
Hassell, Joseph II. 
Haseltine, James G. 
Ilaseltine, John E. 
Heath, Alvin 
Ilerrick, Frank P. 
Herrick, George W. 
Ilerrick, Samuel D. 
Hildreth, John H. 
Hill, Alon/.o 
Hill, Arthur H. 
Hill, Bradford A. 
Hill, Granville S. 
Ilodgman, George 
Hodgman, John P. 
Hodkins, Edward 
Holbrook, Francis W. 
Ilolbrook, Frank A. 
Holbrook, George E, 
Holden, George W. 
Holt, Edwin M. 
Holt, George E. 
Holt, Israel H. 



IX.] 



CHECK-LIST, MARCH, 18^2. 



181 



Holt, Nathan K. 
Hopkins, David 

HOWAKK, HlltltlKr 

HowAKi), Lkvi 
Hubbard, Eugene C. 
Hubbard, William H. 
Hutchinson, Isaiah 
Hutchinson, Justin E. 
Jackson, James ^I. 
Jennisou, Edwin P. 
Jkpsox, Hkx.iami n 
Jess, Robert 
Jewett, George W. 
Jones, Ephraini W. 
Jones, Peter W. 
Jo.NKS, Timothy 
Jones, Thomas 
Kelly, Patrick 
Kent, George 
Keyes, Horace W. 
Kidder, Amhew J. 
Kinson, Charles H. 
KxKiirr. Jonathan 
Knight, Hobert S. 
Leavitt, Frank 
Eeavitt Michael, 
Leavitt, Michael, jr. 
Lelaud. Willis I). 
Longa, Charles H. 
Lovejoy, Leander 
Lovejoy, William 
Lowe, Albert X. 
Lowe. Xewton 
Lowe, Walter 1). 
Lynch, ( Jeorge F. 
A Lace, Frank W. 
I^hiok. William A. 
McConihe, John H. 
Mclntire, Horatio 
McKay, Charles H. 
McKay, John 
McKean, Isaac P. 
Mahan. Richard 



Marlile, Benjamin 
Marvell, Daniel K. 
Maxwell, Francis 
Mklenky, Hkyant 
Mf.i.kndy, Ciiaiu,i.s 
Melendy, Daniel W. 
Melendy, James 
Melendy, J<ihn II. 

MeI.KNDY. LlTllKK 

Melendy, Nathaniel M. 
Melendy, William 
Merrill,' H. Frank 
Merrill, Benjamin F. 
^Merrill, Charles 
jNIeserve, Eben 
.Millard, John V. 
Mooar, William 
Moor, James R. 
Morse, John 1. 
Mullen, John 
Mullen, Michael 
Newton, Frank 8. 
Nourse, James P. 
Noyes, Allied 
Noyes, Edward A. 
Noyes, Fraidc W. 
Noyes, Frederick A. 

NoYKS, WlI.MAM 

Ober, John \. 
Ober, Samiei, 
O'Connell, John 
O'Comiell, Thomas 
Odell, Pliny F. 
O'Donnell, Patrick 
Osgood, George W. 
Osttooi), Joel F. 
Osgood, Joel F., jr. 
Parker, Arthur H. 
Parker, Charles 
Parker, Charles S. 
Parker, (Jeorge E. 
Parker, Granville 
Park<>r. Granville, jr. 



182 



HISTORY OF AMHERST. 



[Chap. 



Parker, Henry M. 
Parker, Isaac 
Parker, Thomas B. 
Parkhurst, Ephraim A. 
Parkhurst, Henry 
Parkhurst, Henry H. 
Parkhurst, James S. 
Parkhurst, Silas P. 
Parkhurst, Spaulding 
Peabody, Charles A. 
Peabody, Daniel A. 
Peacock, John G. 
Peacock, Ezra W. 
Peacock, Rufus A. 
Peaslee, William S. 
Phelps, Frank A. 
Phelps, Frank P. 
Phelps, Horace 
Philbrick, Albert M. 
Pailbrick, Freeman M. 
Philbrick, John C. 
Pratt, William 
Prince, Calvin 
Prince, Charles A. 
Prince, James U. 
Prince, John M. 
Prince, Rodney 
Prince, Solomon 
Prince, Wilder J. 

Pulsifer, Jeremiah (). 
Putnam, Elijah 

Putnam, George W. 

Ranger, Ebenezer 

Rhoads, Albert 

Rhoads, David H. 

Rhoads, Warren 

Rhoads, William 

Richardson, Charles 

Riddle, Charles A. 

Rideout, Abel T. 

Riley, Owen 

Robbins, George E, 

Roby, Ira 



Rotch, Albert A. 
Rotch, William B. 
Russ, Isaac J. 
Russell, William F. 
Ryan, Bart 
Ryan, James T. 
Ryan, James W. 
Sampson, John 
Sargent, Charles B. 
Sargent, Enoch P. 
Sargent, Frank 
Sargent, Shepton M. 
Sargent, Thomas D. 
Sargent, William B. 
Sawtelle, Eli 
Sawtelle, Eli A. 
Sawyer, Andrew F. 
Secomb, Charles 
Secomb, Henry W. 
Secomb, Levi J. 
Shaffer, Oscar 
Shaw, George H. 
Sheehan, Daniel H. 
Sheehan, Jeremiah 
Shemard, Robert 
Shepard, Alonzo P. 
Shepard, Andrew N. 
Shepley, Chester 
Shoram, Frank 
Skinner, Appleton J. 
Skinner, Joshua F. 
SkuUy, John 
Sloan, George 
Small, George 
Small, Gilbert 
Smith, Charles E. 
Smith, George E. 
Smith, Langdon 
Snow, William 
Staples, Alphonzo E. 
Staples, Levi 
Staples, Samuel E. 
Stearns, Hiram D. 



IX.] 



CHECK-LIST, MARCH, 188-'. 



183 



Stearn.s, Jame.s B. 
Stewart, William 
Stevens, Alpheus 
Stickiiev, Timotliy J. 
Trow, C'lareiu-e I^. 
Trow, Daniel W. 
Trow. Jost'pli P. 
rpliain, Jacob H. 
LTpluun, John II. 
I'ptoii, Jeremiah 
I'pton, J. Edward 
Walker, Charle.s M. 
Walkkh, George 
^^'alker, George K. 
Wallace, John 
Walton, Benjamin F. 
Webster, James F. 
"Webster, James P. 
West, Henry 
Weston, James F. 
Wheeler, Benjamin 



Wheeler, Charles P. 
Wheeler, Henry 
Wheeler, Nathan C. 
White, Charles II. 
White, Charles S. 
WiiiTixc, Bex.iami.n B. 
Whiting, Benjamin F. 
Wilkins, Aaron S. 
Wilkins, Charles E. 
Wilkins, Frank E. 
Wilkins, (Jeorge H. 
Wilkins, Milton A. 
Wilkins, Samuel 
Wilkins, Samuel F. 
Wilson, Jacob 
Woods, William K. 
Woodward, Aaion B. 
Worcester, Frank 
Wright, Charles F. 
Wright, Francis 



184 



HISTORY OP AMHERST. 



[Chap. 



CHAPTER X. 

STATISTICS. 

POPULATION OF THE TOWN AT DIFFERENT PERIODS. HEADS OF 

FAMILIES, AND NUMBER OF PERSONS IN EACH FAMILY, 1820. 
MORTUARY STATISTICS. DEATHS IN 1842. PERSONS BE- 
TWEEN 80 AND 90 YEARS OF AGE WHO HAVE DIED SINCE 1782. 
NONAGENARIANS. CENTENARIANS. AGRICULTURAL STA- 
TISTICS. TOWN DEBT AT DIFFERENT TIMES. PROPORTION OF 

STATE TAX. — MANUFACTURING STATISTICS OP HILLSBOROUGH 
COUNTY, 1809. MODERATORS OP THE ANNUAL TOWN MEET- 
INGS. TOWN CLERKS. SELECTMEN. SUPERVISORS OP ELEC- 
TIONS. COMPENSATION OP SELECTMEN. REPRESENTATIVES 

IN THE GENERAL COURT. DECEASE OF TOWN OFFICERS SINCE 

1775. JUSTICES OF THE PEACE.— VOTES FOR PRESIDENTS 

AND GOVERNORS OF THE STATE SINCE 1784. CHECK-LIST 

USED AT THE ANNUAL MEETING IN MARCH, 1843, AND DE- 
CEASE OF VOTERS. CONSTITUTIONAL CONVENTIONS. 



POPULATION. 

roiirteen families were settled in town at the time of Mr. 
Wilkins's ordination, 23 September, 1741. 

" Thirty-five families, in which were fifty-eight men above sixteen 
years old, remained in town 13 May, 1747." 

The whole popnlation of the town in 

1767 was 858 1790 was 2,369 1840 was 1,565 

1773 1,370 1800 2,150 1850 1,613 

1775 1,428 1810 1,554 1860 1,508 

1783 1,909 1820 1,622 1870 1,353 

1786 1,912 1830 1,657 1880 1,225 



X.] POPULATION. 185 

In 17G7 there were 421 males .and 437 females. 

1773 " " 692 " " 078 

1775 " " G07 \\ lute iiiali's and 747 wliite females. 
1790 « " 1,147 " •• " 1,204 
1800 sexes not given in census. 

islo there were 7(31) white males and 784 white females. 

1S20 " " 779 males and 843 females. 

1830 " » 809 white males and 842 white females. 

1840 " " 735 males and 830 females. 

1850 " " 777 " " 836 

1860 " " 710 " " 798 " 

1870 " " 644 " " 709 " 

1S80 " " 596 " " 629 " 

The number of families in ISIO was 23;") ; in 1,^20, 281 ; 
in 1850, 328 ; in 1860, 345 ; in 1870, 35.3 ; in ls80, 338. 

Averajz'o miniber of persons in eaeli family in 1810, (:!} ; 
in 1880, 3^. 

Of the inhal)itants in 1880, 1)65 were natives of New 
Ham|)sliire, 118 of Massachnsetts, 27 of Maine, 21 of Ver- 
mont, 1<) of New York, 4 of Pennsylvania, 3 of Conneetient, 
2 of Wiseonsin ; one eacli of New Jersey, Iventncky, Min- 
nesota, and California ; 52 of Ireland, 8 of Enuiand, 3 
of Canada, and one each of (Icrmany and Scothind. 

The popuhition of tlie villatre preeinet in lS80 was 434 : 
of the ontcr districts, 7i'l. In the precinct w^re 181 males 
;iii<l 253 females. In tlir oiilcr districts were 415 males 
and 376 females. 

The whole white jjopiilalion of the town in 183<> was 
l,ti51. The whole poi)ulation of the town in 1880 was 
1,225, a loss in lifty years of 426. 

Of the whole poj)ulation in 1830, 1,250 were nndcr forty 
years of ajic and 392 were forty years old and njjward. 

Of th»^ whole j)opidation in 18S0, 704 were nnder forty 
years of age, and 521 were forty years old and upward, 
showing a loss of 555 in tlie |)opnlati(^n under forty years of 
age, and a g-ain of 120 in the iiojuilation forty years old 
and upward, in fifty years. 



767 


1773 


200 


330 


63 


109 


135 


237 


17 


13 


2 


2 


270 


412 


147 


245 


18 


19 


2 


2 



186 HISTORY OF AMHERST. [Chap. 

In the censuses of 1767 and 1773 the ages of some of 
the inhabitants, and the number of each sex, are given as 
follows : 

MALES. 

Boys of 16 years old and under, 
Unmarried men between 16 and 60 years, 
Married " " " " 

Men above 60 years. 
Slaves, 

FEMALES. 
Unmarried, 
Married, 
Widows, 
Slaves, 

In the census of 1775 the population is classified as 
follows : 

Boys under 16 years old, 343 

Men 16 years old and under 51), not in the army, 200 

Men 50 years old and upward, 53 

Men in the army, ■ 81 

Females, 747 

Colored persons — sex not stated, 4 

In the census of 1790 the population was not classified. 

In 1800 there were 31 colored persons in the First 
parish. Of whites, 630 were under 16 years of age, and 
809, 16 years old and upward. 

At the same time there were 2 colored persons in the 
Second parish, 325 white persons, under 16 years of age, 
and 353, 16 years old and upward. 

In 1810 and 1820 the white population was classified 
thus : 

MALES. 

1810 1820 

Under 16 years of age, 359 328 

Of 16 and under 26 years, 148 151 

Of 26 and under 45 years, 130 141 

Of 45 years and upward, 123 158 



336 


31(1 


153 


17»] 


i;5(i 


m 


!.-)(» 


1(13 



X.] POPULATION. 187 

F1>:M ALIOS. 

Under 16 years of age, 
Of 16 ami under 26 years, 
Of "26 and under 45 years, 
Of 4") years and upward, 

111 183U, 184U, 1850, l8(iU, l.STU, and 1880, the .lin'civiit 
classes of population were as follows : 



Under 2il years of age, 
()i 2i> and under U) years, 
( )f to and under 60 years, 
(Jf 60 years and upward. 



Under 2(1 years of age, 
< H 20 and under 40 years. 
Of 40 and under 00 years. 
Of 60 years and upward, 

ill IT'jn I'ortsnioiith, Rochester, LDudoiulen-v, ilaiTing- 
ton, and Gilnianton, only, of the towns in the State, had a 
greater population than Amherst. In 1880, 78 cities and 
towns had a larger population. 

Ill the census of 1783 the selectmen stated that there 
were in town 250 dwelling-liouses and 247 barns. In 1820 
404 of the iiilial)itants were enuagod in agriculture ; 122 iu 
lUMiuitncturi's : and 1" in trade 'i'lir ministers, doctors, 
and lawyers, were classed as manufacturers I 

The censuses of 17<i7, 1778, 1775, 17s3, and 178<!. were 
taken by tlie selectmen ; those of 17'.H). 1800, and l8lo, by 
Col. Daniel Warner ; that of 1820, by ("a]it. John Seeiunlie : 
1830, by Stephen Peabody, Esij. : 1850, by Robert Moore, 
Es(i. ; i8»;0, by Charles Richardson, Esq.; 1870, by J. 
Abbott Maisli. l-:s.|.; 1880, by Isaac Brooks Dodge, Esq. 

Copies of the censuses of 1810 and 1820 may l)c found in 
the library of the N. H. Historical Society ; of those of 



MALES 












1830 


1840 


18.50 


1S60 


1870 


1880 


420 


345 


334 


265 


237 


■'22 


204 


200 


211 


198 


156 


131 


110 


11.-. 


155 


158 


151 


134 


66 


75 


77 


80 


1(10 


100 


FEMALES. 










3S4 


370 


332 


267 


233 


is-j 


242 


224 


235 


233 


l!tl 


loo 


127 


156 


166 


178 


KM 


US 


80 


SO 


103 


120 


121 


130 



188 



HISTORY OP AMHERST 



[Chap. 



1850, 1860, and 1870, in the State library at Concord ; and 
1880, in the office of the clerk of the courts of Hillsborough 
county, Nashua. 

Heads of families and number of persons in each family, 
1 August, 1820: 



John Alcock, 
Jane Alld, 


No. Persons. 
9 

2 


Daniel Campbell, 
Daniel Campbell, jr., 
Moses Carlton, 


1 
8 
3 


Elizabeth Appleton, 
John Arbuckle, 


6 
5 


Michael Carter, 
James Cash, 


2 
3 


Charles H. Atherton, 


8 


Isaac Chickering, 


10 


Jeremiah Barnard, 


6 


Calvin Clark, 


3 


Solomon Barron, 


4 


Daniel Clark, 


11 


Archelaus Batchelder, 


3 


Ebenezer Clark, 


5 


Rachel Batchelder, 


3 


Ezra Clark, 


8 


James Bell, 
Ebenezer Bills, 


9 

7 


Timothy Clark, 
Clifton Clagett, 


2 
11 


Jasper Blake, 
Samuel Blake, 
Ephraim Blanchard, 
James Blanchard, 


3 

5 
6 
5 


John Cochran, 
Isaac Colby, 
Isaac Combs, 
Ebenezer Converse, 


6 
9 
5 
9 


Lemuel Blood, 


6 


Josiah Converse, 


10 


Rufus Blood, 


9 


Robert Converse, 


2 


John Blunt, 


6 


Melzar Crooker, 


8 


Joseph Boutell, 
Joseph Boutell, jr., 
Luther Boutell, 
Lilly E. Boutell, 


7 
4 
2 
2 


Joseph Crosby, 
Porter Crosby, 
Nancy. Curtis, 
Samuel Curtis, 


9 

5 
5 
5 


Abraham Boutell, 
Caleb Boutell, 
Lucy Bowers, 
Richard Boylston, 
William Bradbury, 
John Bragg, 
Isaac Brooks, 


4 

11 
1 

10 
6 
5 
6 


Benjamin Damon, 
Stephen Damon, 
Warren Damon, 
Luther Dana, 
Jacob Danforth, 
Timothy Danforth, 
Samuel Davis, 


6 
4 
5 
4 
10 
10 
3 


William Brown, 
William Brown, jr., 
William Brown, 3d, 


■ 4 

10 

4 


Thomas M. Dickey, 
Bartholomew Dodge, 
Bartholomew Dodge, jr.. 


7 
2 
9 


Stephen Butler, 
Alexander Caldwell, 


3 

5 


Levi Dodge, 
David Duncklee, 


4 
2 


David Caldwell, 


8 


Jacob Duncklee, 


7 


Josiah Caldwell, 


4 


Jacob Durant, 


3 



X.] 



HEADS OF FAMILIES, ls20. 



189 



Xatliaii .F. hiuaiit. 


() 


.lolin DiitUm, 


3 


Cyrus Kastiiuiii, 


5 


.lolin lOatoii, 


6 


Amos Elliott, 


G 


Andrew Elliott, 


6 


lloger Elliott, 





Ki'lH'kali Earley, 





Elisha Fcltoii, 


6 


Francis Fields, 


(\ 


Samuel Fields, 


4 


David Fisk, 


5 


William Fisk, 


10 


Samut'l FletclitM-, 


5 


Calvin Flint, 


5 


Sarah Flint, 


o 


.lonatlian Foster, 


(! 


Ephraim French, 


4 


Frodnriok French, 





Israel Fuller, 


7 


.lolm Fuller, 


7 


Xatiian Fuller, 





Robert Gibson, 


5 


Samuel Gibson, 


o 


.Tames (Jilmore, 


:5 


.lames (Jilmore, jr.. 


( 


.(esse (iilmorc. 


• 1 


Ephraim Goss, 


8 


Francis Grater, 


7 


Zaccheus Greeley, 


G 


Amos Green, 


12 


Danifl Hartshorn, 


7 


Edward Hartshorn, 


4 


.lames Hartshorn, 


5 


.John Hartshorn, 


4 


.John Hartshorn, jr.. 


.") 


William Hartshorn, 


•) 


.Foseph Harvill, 


10 


.lohn Haselton, 


8 


Anna Henchman, 


o 


David Hildreth, 


4 


Hannah Hildreth, • 


4 


.lacob Hildreth. 


( 



Mary W. Hildn-th, 
Samuel Hildreth, 
Moses Hills, 
David Holmes, 
Sarah M. Holmes, 
.Joseph Hood, 
Henry Jloward, 
.Josiah Howard, 
Amos Hub1>ard, 
.John .Jewett, 
.Joseph .Jewett, 
.Josiah .Jewett, 
Nathaniel .Jewett, 
Timothy .Jones. 
Thomas K(>arney. 
.John Kehew, 
Nathan Kendall, 
Stephen Kendall, 
Henjamin Kendrick, 
.Josiah Kidder, 
El)ene/.er Kimball, 
.Jacob Kiml>all, 
Henry Ivimball, 
Holton Kimball, 
Manstield i\ing, 
.Foseph Knowlton, 
.Joseph 1-akenian, 
I^ben I.,awrence, 
Andrew I^eavitt, 
IJenjamin Eeavitt, 
.John I.,eavitt, 
.Joseph I.eaviit, 
Nathan Eord, 
.Jonathan Lovejoy, 
Stephen I.,ovejoy, 
Sarah Low, 
\Villiam Eow, 
Asa McCluer, 
.James C. >Iace, 
Salathicl Manning, 
David McG. Means, 
Robert Means, 
Nathaniel Melendv, 



5 
7 
6 
9 
6 
3 
7 
6 
6 

4 
2 

12 
8 
8 
6 
8 
3 
3 
4 
3 
3 
9 
6 


12 
5 
5 
4 
6 
7 

n 

9 
4 
3 
3 

7 
6 
14 
8 
8 



190 



HISTORY OP AMHERST. 



[Chap. 



Thomas Melendy, 


4 


John Seaton, 


4 


William Melendy, 


13 


Nathan K. Seaton, 


2 


David INIelvin, 


6 


David Secombe, 


3 


David Melvin, jr., 


3 


John Secombe, 


6 


Horatio ]VIerrill, 


11 


Nathan Shattuck, 


10 


Hugh Moore, 


10 


Nathaniel Shattuck, 


8 


Joseph Morrison, 


3 


Benjamin Shepard, 


6 


Daniel Moulton, 


4 


James Shepard, 


10 


Joseph Nichols, 


5 


John Shepard, 


4 


Leonard T. Nichols, 


2 


John Shepard, jr.. 


8 


Timothy Nichols, 


5 


Lummus Shepard, 


6 


Moses Noyes, 


7 


Mercy Shepard, 


2 


Moses Noyes, jr.. 


3 


Samuel Shepard, 


4 


Silas Noyes, 


6 


James Sloan, 


4 


John Ober, 


9 


Amelia Smith, 


7 


Luther Odall, 


4 


Jedediah K. Smith, 


4 


William Odall, 


2 


Maverick Smith, 


8 


Rut'us Orcutt, 


3 


Joseph Spalding, 


6 


Benjamin Parker, 


8 


Matthias Spalding, 


9 


Edmund Parker, 


5 


Patience Stanley, 


1 


Isaac Parker, 


S 


Eleazer Stearns, 


3 


Joseph Parker, 


4 


James Stearns, 


12 


Didymus Pearsons, 


8 


Oren Steai'ns, 


3 


John Patterson, 


8 


Reuben Stearns, 


9 


William Peacock, 


2 


- Zaccheus Stearns, 


7 


William Peacock, jr., 


9 


Daniel Stevens, 


6 


Amos Phelps, 


8 


David Stewart, 


12 


Susannah Phelps, 


2 


]\Ioses B. Stewart, 


5 


Loea Pratt, 


8 


Sewall Stratton, 


9 


Abel Prince, 


7 


Cyrus Styles, 


4 


George Prince, - 


7 


Ebenezer Taylor, 


10 


Solomon Prince, 


10 


ffohn Taylor, 


2 


John Purple, 


3 


Joel F. Thayer, 


3 


Elijah Putnam, 


6 


Jonathan Thayer, 


6 


John Putnam, 


5 


Ellas Thomas, 


3 


Joseph Putnam, 


4 


George Thomas, 


5 


James Ray, 


11 


Israel Thomas, 


7 


Robert Read, 


5 


Oliver Thompson, 


4 


William Read, 


r 


William Towne, 


7 


Polly Remington, 


4 


Amos Truel, 


2 


Eleazer Rhoads, 


9 


Amos Truel, jr.. 


8 


Charles Richardson, 


6 


Moses Truel, 


5 


William Roby, 


6 


Samuel Truel, 


5 



X.] 



MORTUARY STATISTICS. 



lOl 



Wilhml Trurl, 


3 


James Tiittle, 


<) 


Thonicas I 'ndiM-wood, 


1 


Aiiiits 1 'pliani. 


7 


.lacul) rpliaiu. 


I 


Nathan I'pliain, 


1(1 


riiiiiclias rpliain, 


J> 


William Wakcti.-l.l, 


i) 


Diiiioiid AVaneii, 


8 


Met-sy Washer, 





Dorcas Wellington, 


1 


Ebenezer Weston, 


ti 


Isaac Weston, 


(5 


Daniel Wheeler, 


5 


.John \\'hi'eler. 


5 


.John N. Wheeler, 


7 


rlonathaii \\'heeler. 


4 


Timothy Wheeler, jr., 


10 



.Idlui Whitcoml), 
Ira Whiting, 
Nathaniel Whiting, 
tieorge A\'iley, 
John Wiley, 
IJohert Wiley, 
Aaron Wilkins, 
Benjamin Wilkins, 
Jotliam Wilkins, 
Saninel Wilkins, 
Jonathan Wilson, 
Mary Wilson, 
Joseph ^^'inn, 
Ezra Woolson, 
Nathaniel Woolson, 
Thomas ^Voolson, 
Nathaniel Woodlniry, 
Foster Wyatt, 



MORTUARY STATISTICS. 

'I'lic wliulc iiiiiiiliiT of deaths in Aiuhorst iVniu 1 .laiiii 
1805, to 1 .laiiiian , 1837,32 ycai-s, was S14, <d" whi.li ll 
wore 

110 
1 If) 
31 
57 
93 
43 
"jo 

The uroatest in >rtality in any year was in \S'2'\ — •)•), 
The least mortality in any year was in 1811, — 9. 
From 1 .ramiary, 1S41, to 1 January, lS.")T. the w 
number id' deaths was 444 : of these there were 



I iidi'i' 1 year of age. 
Of 1 and nnder .5 yean 
10 " 
lo 20 

20 30 

30 40 

■lo .")(l 



Of .50 and under 00 years, 
(iO 70 

70 80 

80 90 

D.) 100 

loo and over. 

Aires unknown. 



Ill'V . 

M-re 

47 
(5.5 
71 
70 
15 
2 

10 



lolo 



I'nde 


r 1 


year. 




•")2 


Of .50 and 


under 60 years. 


33 


Of 1 


and 


under 5 


vears. 


10 


. 60 


70 


36 


5 




10 




10 


70 


80 


67 


10 




20 




28 


80 


90 


45 


20 




30 




34 


no 


100 


15 


30 




40 




42 


Over 10:i. 




1 


40 




50 




32 









192 



HISTORY OF AMHERST. 



[Chap. 



Of the above, 204 were males, and 240 were females. 
The greatest mortality in any year was in 1854, — 35. 
The least mortality in any year was in 1844, — 20. 
An imusual number of aged people died in the year 
1842, as the following list of deaths in that year will show : 



Emily Bailey, aged 


19 years. 


Sally J. Hills, 


2Q^ years 


Luke 11. Bills, 


H 


George Howard, 


34 


iSIarinda Bills, 


28 


Peter Jones, 


80 


Jane Caldwell, 


90 


Rebecca Jewett, 


73 


Susan Campbell, 


63 


Lydia Kimball, 


70 


Margaret Claggett, 


77 


Joseph Knowlton, 


75 


Joseph Crosby, 


89 


Thomas Melendy, 


93| 


Albert F. David, 


1 


Susannah IMoore, 


70 


Adam Dickey, 


fiO 


INIartha E. Parker, 


^ 


Levi Dodge, 


72 


Didymus Pearsons, 


76 


Jacob Duncklee, 


72 


Jane Pearsons, 


30 


Sophia Elliott, 


46 


Mary Phelps, 


28 


Ambrose Gould, 


(35 


John Purple, 


98 


Dea. John Hartshorn, 


83 


Reuben Stearns, 


73 


Betsy Ilaseltiiie, 


57 


Joseph Winn, 


30 



Whole number of deaths, 30. 
died were over 60 year of age. 



Eighteen of those who 



LONGEVITY, 

Octogenarians who have died in Amherst since 1782 

1782, 4 Aug., John Burns, . 

1788, 23 Feb., Joseph Steel, 

1789, 28 Xov., Lt. Joseph Prince, 
1791, 22 Nov., Israel Towne, 
1795, 19 May, Dea. Joseph Boutell, 
1797, 16 Jan., Wid. Keturah Stewart, 

1802, 9 Dec, Lydia Wilkins, 

1803, 5 May, Jonathan AVilkins, 
1803, 11 Sept., Robert Read, . 
1803, 20 Oct., Benjamin Pike,* 
1803, 27 Oct., Widow Flint, . 

1803, 22 Dec, Benjamin AVilkins, 

1804, 17 April, Mrs. Pettingill, 
1806, 30 Aug., Daniel Stevens, 



80 


82 


88 


86 


88 


82 


- 83 


83 


83 


81 


80 


. ' 80 


85 



X.] LOXGKVITY. 193 

lS(i7. L'lM-Vl)., Pliilo Tallxit, . M 

Vi Dfc, X;itlian Fuller, . . . ^7 

islo, -JOct.. Jolui Stearns, . . .si 

1811. 7 .May, Liiey Kllswoitii, . . . S9 

S .July, Kleazer Usher, .... sf) 

2"} Auuf., Hannah Lovejoy, si 

ISI-J, "JO Kel)., Dorcas Stevens, .... SO 

;5 March. William O.l.'ll. . h.", 

20 May, Zaccheiis .'^tearns, . .SI 

181:], 12 Feli., William Melendy, ,s:j 

1^! Xi)V., Benjamin Kendrick. .88 

isl I, 2s. Ian., Mrs. Stearns, .... 80 

2(t Aug., Klizalieth 'I'ruel. . .88 

;3(i Dec, Lydia Wilkins, .... s.5 

ISI."). 4 Fell.. Kli/.ahetli (Jihson, . . . sj 

23 May, Klizabetli Stevens, . . . .83 

2s (),t.. Mary Kiddle, .... 86 

1S17. 21.Fan.. Phei)e Odell, . .... 85 

23 April. Andrew Shannon, ... 89 

30 Dec, Martha Fuller, .... 83 

Lucy Harron, .... 83 

lsl>. ■_'7 May, Sarah Kendrick, .... 88 

lsi!». 2 June, Mrs. Davis . . . . ^7 

12 -Aug., Kendall Boutell, .... .Si 
3(1 Nov., Samuel Gib.son, . si; 

1S21, 17 Feb., Khenezer Kimball, . .si 

<5 April, John Ilarvell, .'^."» 

!SL'2. 2 Oct., Elizabeth Kind.all, . .88 

April, Amos Truel. .... S3 

2:. Dec, Phebe Klliott, .88 

Lucy Shepard, .... 83 

1S2;!. 21 .Ian.. Col. Robert Means, . . SQ 

Dec, Lieut. .Vrchelaus liatohelder, ^1 

is_>.-.. 1:1 Fob.. .John Hrown, .... S'J 

.lames Gilniore, 8(5 

William Brown, .... 8'! 

1826. 3 March, Patience Lovej<iy. s.". 

13 Aug., David Duncklee, so 
1:5 ( )ct.. .Joseph Parker, . . sj 

1S-J7, April. .Jerusha Dodge, .... s3 
l.'i Dec, Isaac Parker, .... ^2 

■_'2 Dec. Mary Converse, . ^7 

13 



194 HISTORY OP AMHERST, [Cluip. 

1828, Mrs. Usher, . . . . S3 
30 Dec, Lucy Pollard, . . . .85 

1829, 16 Dec, Lieut. John Patterson, ... 87 

1830, 26 May, John Hartshorn, . . . .86 

1831, 25 March, David Hildreth, . . . 82 

1 June, Hannah Weston, . . . .80 
•2i Aug., Cyrus Stiles, .... 80 
22 Oct., Mrs. Fowle, . . . .80 

5 Nov., Elizabeth Whitney, ... 86 
1832, 20 Feb., Phebe Jewett, " . . . .87 

9 Nov., Mrs. Joseph Prince, ... 81 

1833, 29 March, Mrs. EKzbeth Warner, . . . 82 

24 May, John Cochran, ... 85 

Mrs. Hassel, . . . .84 

Hannah Holt, .... 82 

12 Oct., Deborah Barnard, . . . .80 

1834, 9 April, Timothy Carlton, . . ' . 81 
10 May, Mrs. Lewis, - . . .89 
22 June, Sarah Richards, ... 82 

3 Sept., Elizabeth Pollard, . . . .82 

10 Oct., William Read, .... 80 

1835, 15 Jan., Rev. Jeremiah Barnard, . . .84 
12 Jan., Capt. Samuel Shepard, ... 85 

1836, 8 April, Miss Mary Herrick, . ' . . 80 

3 Oct., Dea. John Seaton, . . . 80 
Nov., jNIary Hildreth, . . . .88 

27 Nov., John Blunt, .... 80 

1837, 27 Feb., Mary Taylor, . . . ' .84 

25 March, Lydia Wilkins, ... 83 

1838, 16 Jan., Elizabeth Shepard, . . . .84 

6 June, Abel Prince, .... 82 

2 Nov., Timothy Hartshorn, . . .81 
10 Nov., Ebenezer Sargent, ... 83 

1839, 6 Jan., Phebe Duncklee, . . . .89 
24 March, Mary Dodge, ... 84 
29 March, John Arbuckle, . . . .87 

4 July, Dorcas Wilkins, . . . 8:) 
17 Dec, Aaron Boutell, . . . .86 

1840, Sept., Sarah Hartshorn, ... 83 
21 Dec, Isaac Brooks, . . . .83 

1841, 16 July, Sarah Kendall, ... 83 

1842, 18 March, Lydia Davis, . . . .85 
10 Oct., Joseph Crosby, ... 89 



X.] LONGEVITY. I'.'S 

11 Oct.. I'.'t.T ,I(,ii..s. .... so 

2S .\,,v., l)r:i. Joliii Ilarlshniii. ... 83 

isi;]. 'j:; .Iiiii.., David Kisk, . . .SO 

is Awj^., Sarah Weston, ... SO 

!• Dec, -Idiiatliaii Lovfjuy, .... S2 

is II. 7 .S,.,,t., Mary .Mt-ivin, ... 80 

n; Sept., Ezra Woolson, . ... 80 

js N„v., Mis., loshiia Clark, . . . .88 

1S45, 2n Sept., Josiah Parkor, . . . s5 

istti, :\Iarcli, Kl.'azer Stearns, .... SO 

1 1 Juiii', Eiu'uozer Weston, ... 84 

•j;5 -Vni;., Lytiia AVIiccIer, .... 8-1 

\'2 \ov.. llcnjaniin Damon, ... SO 

1S17, lit May, Klizalu-tli Melendy, .80 

'_*•) Dee., .Vzultah Mnnroe, ... '^7 

l^l\ iM .Xpril. Polly Tin.-], .... S4 

is.July, Xatlianiel Melendy, . . . Sf) 

2_' .\u-., rriseilla CardniT, .... S2 

1 Sept., :yr.s. Jane Ellsworth. ... 80 

2(J Nov., Sarah Kinson, . . . .85 

1>10. ti Maieh, .Mrs. Hannah r.ills, ... 83 

1 .\])ri]. .laeol) I'pliain, . . • .83 

•-':i .\pril, Sarah I'pliani, . . ><0 

-Inly, Sarah Diineklee, . . • 80 

1 Aw'j;., .Jacob Kiinhall, ... 81 

17 Sept., Joseph Xicliols, .87 

Dee., Ilannali Elliott. ... 85 

2 » Dee., Hannah Ereneh, . . .85 

is.-.O. Sarah Hardy, .... So 

•J F.-l'., Martha .\iken, . ... SO 

is.'il, ;; I .March. Josepli Lakfinaii. . . . ^'^ 

11 .\uj;., Ivogor Elliott, . . . . S7 

1.') Xov., Jacob Dan fnrtli, . • 85 

ls.52, 2S Sept., Hannah Stiles, .... 8:j 

1S5:]. 12 .Vug.. Eney CMark, . . . . ^l 

ls."4, 1.") Jan., James .Stearns, .... 80 

7 Maieh, Iltigh Moore, . . . S8 

.") Jnly, Mercy (iilmore, . . .88 

ls.-)5, 2!» March, lle'becca W. Clark. . '^3 

(') .\iMil. .Mary Howard, . . . .SO 

1.') Jnne, Joseph Hood, .... •'^4 

27 June, Eleazer Khoads, . . • .84 

lvS5(). 2!t July, Sally Xoyes, .... 84 



196 



HISTORY OF AMHERST. 



[Chap. 



1856, 10 Aug., Joseph Winn, 

1858, 28 Aug., Jonathan Herrick, 

1859, 6 Jan., Phebe Duncklee, 
18 Dec, Mary P. Barnett, 

1860, 1 Feb., Amos Green, 

Rebecca Eames, . 
18 Oct., Deborah Herrick, 
Elizabeth Ford, 

1861, 20 Feb., Henry Parkhurst, 

3 ]March, Amos Phelps, 
3 Aug., Eunice Dodge, 

17 Aug., Huldah Peacock, 
25 Aug., Ebenezer Converse, 

1862, 30 June, Aaron Wilkins, 
25 Oct., John Moor, 

27 Dec, Rebecca W. Spaldin 

1863, Hannah Carlton, 
2 June, Lydia Stearns, 

22 Dec, James Tarbox, 

1864, 23 Feb., Israel Fuller, . 
^28 March, Mary Blunt, 

1865, 5 Aug., John Haseltiue, 

8 Nov., Miss Mary Hartshor 

1866, Elizabeth Shepard, 
1 Oct., Mary Chapman, 

5 Nov., Mary Boylston, 

1867, 8 Jan., David Lowe, 

1868, 26 March, Henry Abbott, 

20 July, Mary W. Hubbard, 

1869, 23 Jan., Isaac Weston, 

28 June, Abigail Gilson, 

21 July, Simeon C. Danforth, 

1870, Elizabeth Prescott, 
20 June, Isaac Wheeler, 

11 Aug., Tabitha Brown, 

9 Oct., Benjamin Hastings, , 

1871, 9 Jan., Pamelia Brown, 
15 April, Henry Howard, 

18 April, Mehitable Weston, 

1872, 27 Aug., Hannah A. Mack, . 

1873, 1 April, Susan Claggett, 

Dudley Carlton, 

1874, 27 May, Joseph Fowle, . 



X.] 



LONGEVITY. 



197 



1874 


26 




17 


IS?:. 


8 




1 




1 




8 


iS7t; 


1 




1!) 




1 




3 




1 


1S77, 


'2(» 




8 




21 


1^7. \ 


is 




15 


Ks7n, 


2.S 


1S8(), 


20 




5 




is 




:3;) 



1SS2, 



Aug., Betsy Prince, 
Sept., Ilepsiltali Wallace, 
F.'l.., 'riiacldeus M. FuII.t, 

Betsy C. (Jay, . 
April, Betsy Kimball, 
Xov., Polly Howard, . 
Oct., Lemuel Bartlett, 
Xov., Lucy Wright, . 
.Fan., Lucy David, 

Lucinda I^angley, 
March, Hannah S. Downe, 
April, Lutiier Elliott, 
April, Joseph Vaughn, 
Oct., .lauette Swan, . 
Feb., Betsy K. Orcutt, 
.Vug., Miss Hepsibah Melendy, 
Nov., ^liss Eunice W.Stearns, 

Zadoc Farmer, 
Dec, Oliver Thompson, . 
May, William Wetherbee, 
Dec, Sarah E. Thonn:)son, 
Jan., Miss Eliza H. Stiles, 
March, Miss Betsy Melendy, 
.\ug., Dea. Daniel Cram, 
Aug., Willard Holdeu, 
.Vug., Davitl Stewart, 
Jan., David Kus-sell, 
Feb., Foster Wyatt, . 



88 
80 

88 
81 
87 
80 
81 
82 
S7 
81 
89 
82 
81 
86 
82 
86 
S.5 

so 

S7 
so 

ss 
si 
85 

SI 

s7 
si 
si 
S6 



N0N.\GEN.\HL^N8. 



DUmI. 




l?!)."), .\pril, Miss Rebecca Boutcll, 


ill) 


lSO;j, 2 Sept., (Jrace Towne, 


!t6 


ISIKI, 20 June, Sarah Burd.-tt, 


!»1 


isos, 1!) July, Hannali Boutell, . 


!l.j 


ISO!), Sept., Saraii Stewart, 


01 


1816, 30 Jan., John Brown, 


'.>:> 


ISIS, Phineas Lund, 


95 


1S22, 2S Nov., Benjamin Davis, 


OS 


ls2;3, .Jan., Samuel Badger, 


0(1 


2!t June, Elizabeth Prince, . 


OS 


1 Jidy, Nathaniel Woodbury, 


04 


lO Sept., Thonuis Woolson. . 


93 



198 HISTORY OF AMHERST. [Chap. 

1824, 3 Aug., Joanna "VVooLson, ... 96 

1826, 8 April, Robert Converse, . . . -91 

1827, 14 May, Mrs. BuUard, . . . . 94 
1829, 15 Jan., Mrs. Truel, . . . .90 

1831, 24 May, Mary Alexander, ... 90 

1832, 27 Dec, Dea. Samuel Wilkins, . . . 90 
1834, ]\Iay, Widow Lewis, .... 93 
1838, 3 Aug., Miss Mercy Hosea, . . .95 

Aug., Nancy Ellsworth, . . . 90 

7 Oct., Daniel Campbell, Esq., . . . ' 99 

1840, Abigail Peacock, . . . 92 

1841, 2 Oct., Hannah l^nderwood, . . .90 
4 Sept., Mrs. Rachel Keiff, . . . 97 

1842, 6 Jan., John Purple, . . . .98 

28 Nov., Thomas Melendy, . . . 93 

Jane Caldwell, ' . . . .90 

1843, 17 Dec, Miss Jauette Hogg, . . . 90 

1845, 3 Jan., Francis Grater, . . . . 94 
27 ]March, Mrs. Eben Webster, ... 90 

1846, 11 Aug., Nathan Kendall, . . . .92 

29 Aug., Andrew' Leavitt, ... 94 
1848, 13 April, Patience Stanley, . . . .92 

1 Sept., Anna Kimball, ... 96 

1850, 28 July, Nancy Putnam, . . . .92 

1853, 4 Sept., Olive Lovejoy, . . . . 90 

1854, 22 Aug., Edward Hartshorn, . . .90 
1856, Aug., Daniel Clark, .... 92 

1859, 18 April, Moses Noyes, . . . .91 

1860, Betsy Merrill, .... 91 
Julia Haley, . . . .98 

1861, 5 Feb., Joseph Putnam, ... 97 
1863, 3 Dec, Solomon Prince, . . . .92 
1865, 22 May, Dr. Matthias Spalding, ... 95 

1874, 16 June, Sally Ober, . . . .92 

1875, 11 July, Loea Pratt, . . . . 90 
1877, 25 Nov., Sarah Caldwell, . . . .92 

1881, 24 March, Saul Austin, ... 93 
24 Nov., Betsy Lowe, . . , .92 

1882, 29 Jan., David Fisk, .... 90 

CENTENARIANS. 
Died. 

1805, 1 Dec, Hannah (Austin) Lovejoy, . . . 101 



X.] AGRICULTURAL STATISTICS. 109 

ISJ:], i:i Oct., Marv (Ilolinaii) Harnanl, . l(i(i yrs., inos. 

18.')1. 11 .Ian., IIei).sil)ali (Holt) Hartsliuin, . . lo:} yrs., 7 iiios. 

is.-'), 15 Sept., Mi.ss Lvdia Harnaitl, . Hf_> 

\>^~'k .\iiali (Hatlirifk) (Jo.ss, . . 1(15 yrs., 1 mo. 
All iiativos of Massacliiisotts. 

.\(.i;i( ii/n i;al si'Ai'isriC's. 

From tlic ['. S. ceusii.s. 

< AMI \Ai.ii: HI- 1840 iSoO l.Miii l"^7i» l^.^i 

Farms, not giv.Mi. 8:32l',70;) .•?tlo,():j;) .•^110.(;75 !?."i<>7,;J7o 

Tools ami maciiinery, " 12,855 17,>il() ■J),775 •Jl.ll:] 



MM»KU OK 












Ilor.sp.s, 


263 


165 


205 


24(5 


2.S3 


Workintj; oxen, 


not j;iven. 


220 


21 1 


12(1 


(i2 


Milch cows, 




498 


(i77 


(527 


7o5 


Other neat cattle, 


'• 


525 


(i!)(j 


117 


5l.'(; 


.Sln-ep, 


1,015 


468 


2(t0 


'-'■> ( 


117 


Swine, 


724 


389 


32:5 


271 


271 



FARM PRODUCTS. 



NO HISIIKLS. 






18:i9 


1S49 


1859 


1869 


1879 


Indian corn. 






!»,0:5!» 


7,713 


11,9.55 


8,62.s 


9,3.s3 


Whrat. 






6.53 


324 


1,022 


692 


568 


ll\i'. 






3,732 


2.249 


l,.5.sl 


.')()0 


202 


Oats, 






.5,2S3 


3,539 


5,s(;,s 


3,604 


2.1.-11 


I'.arlcy. 






576 


17 


192 


1!m; 


i 


IWicUw ileal. 






451 


"•) 


1>1 


70 


21 


I'lMsaml lieans. 




not 


niveii. 


316 


117 


:;ii; 


101 


I'ot allies, 






20,277 


12,s7o 


i;;.ii:; 


i(;.."ioi 


10.2.'>-_' 


Nil. tuns hay. 






2,529 


2,721 


3,1 i7o 


3,151 


:'..|i;2 


jionmls hops, 






7,(il!l 


(i,50S 


2.060 






buttiT, 




not 


given. 


3l,(i.52 


13,560 


36,665 


I3.(il2 


cheese 


', 




" 


s,779 


8,740 


2,1.50 


630 


• gallons milk s 


old 




" not 


i^ivon. not given. 


80,:{.")0 


1.53,3!)5 



Valne of orchard prodnets, " !i?747 .^3,028 .?.5,0S!( ,«|,08() 

The nnmhors of varions kinds of farm stock returned liy the .select- 
men as taxed in .several years were as follows : 

1^1 !i 1820 1S27 1S2S l.s;n 1s:{l' 

Horses, 2 yrs. old and upward, 151 117 151 1.50 1!I3 II17 

Oxen. 211 2.5:', 272 ;!lo 335 318 

Cows, 463 19.S 166 177 51 s 511 

Sheep, 1.029 1.153 



200 



HISTORY OF AMHERST. 



[Chap. 



THE TOWN DEBT 

In March, 1781, was reported to be . . £3,(l-16, 8s., 7d. 

" 1832, owing to the purchase of the pauper farm, |3, 068.22 

" 1836, it was reduced to . . 1,397.42 
" l8-±3, increased by building roads, and land 

damage, .... 4,958.18 

« 1853, reduced to . . . . 664.26 

" 1861, at the commencement of the civil war. 4,927.90 

" 1868, the greatest amount ever reported, . _28,3lJ9.19 
" 1872, reduced by payments made by the U. S. 

and State to 5,131.99 

1875, 1,251.(!6 

" 1881, 392.52 

TAXATION. 



Of every £1,000 or ^1,000 raised by the state oi' county, the town 
)f Amherst paid under the apportionment of 



1773 


£19 


7s. d. 


1820 


^6.57 


1852 


-16.13 


1777 


18 


6 3 


1824 


6.57 


1856 


5.09 


1780 


17 


10 m 


1828 


6.17 


1860 


4.85 


1789 


16 


4 4 


1832 


5.92 


1864 


5.19 


1794 


11 


7 2 


1836 


6.64 


1868 


5.11 


18J3 




f6.83 


1840 


6.42 


1872 


4.63 


18,8 




5.37 


1844 


5.69 


1876 


4.46 


1812 




5.94 


1848 


5.88 


1879 


4.61 


1816 




6.94 











111 1773 Amherst ranked as the seventh town in the 
Province in valuation ; in 1879 as the thirty-nintli in the 
State. 

The poll tax in Amherst in 1871 was $4.05, and the 
rate of taxation was #2.70 per |100. 16 tax- payers paid 
over '$100 each, and 69 paid between f50 and -flOO each. 
P. W. Jones, the highest tax-payer, paid !|324.38. 

In 1797 the poll tax was 78 cents, exclusive of the 
highway tax. 

Statistics of manufactures and manufacturing estab- 
lishments in Hillsborough county in 1809. From the cen- 
sus of 1810. 



X.] POLITICAL STATISTICS. 201 

No. yards cotton cloth, made in t'aniilics, . . L'L'1,(M)(» 

No. yards mixed n'oods, .... 80,700 

No. yards flaxen goods, .... 51'J,(;0(J 

Xo. yards woolen gooils. .... 'J-i'i,{){H) 

No. yards Mended and unnamed cloths and stulTs, . 1()(I,U(I0 

Value ot all kinds of cloths and stuffs made, . . •?508,350 

No. of looms in the county, . . 5,544 

There were in the county eight cotton manul'actorics, ;it which cotton 
yarn was manufactured. 

Thirty-two carding machines, at which 1J1,l!U() pounds of wool 
were carded, valued at §72,100. 

Thirty-seven fulling mills, at which l"J7,(l()(» yards cloth were 
"fulled;" 5,"J5l) wool and mixed hats, and ."JS'JO fur hats were made; 
the whole valued at ."JlS.iiOd. 

One forge, which produced lo tuns of iron. 

Six trip hammers. 

Five nail manufactories, at which 12 tons of nails were made, 
valued at >i>-J,'y2{). 

Fifty-eight tanneries, at which L'71,7tl4 pounds of leather were man- 
ufactured, valued at •S(i7.1)17. 

Two oil mills, which iiuide >i!(i,0()0 gallons of oil, valued at .^7, 134; 
one paper-mill, at which !i?lL',OUO worth of paper was made; and 
two distilleries, which produced 5,000 gallons of spirit.s, valued at 
8."J,7.')0. 

I'Ol.Ii ICAI. S'lA'lisriCS. 

.MODi:u.vTui:s ui' tiil a.n.nlal town meetings. 

.loim (iotfe, 17(iO. 

William Feabody, 17<)1, '(!•_'. "(11, •ti5, '00, 70. 

Khene/er Lyon, 1703. 

.Moses Nichols, 17()7, '00. '7(i. '71. T-'!, "77. 

IJoltert Head, 170S. 

Samuel McKeaii, 177"_'. 

Iti'ujamin Kenrick, 1771. 

Daniel Camphell, 177."), '8S. 

Nahum Baldwin. 1778. 

.losiah Crosby, 177!t. 

.Samuel Wilkins, 178 t, "81, 'SJ, '83, '81, '80, '{Ki, '07. 

Joiin Sh.'i.ard, jr., 178-3, '80, *87, "OU, "Ol. 

Samuel Dana, 1791, 'OJ, '95. 

William Gordon, 1790. 

Daniel Warner, 1798. 



202 HISTOEY OF AMHERST. [Cliap. 

Jonathan Smith, 1790, 18 )1, '02. 

Rol)ert :\rean,s, 1800, '08, '09. 

Jedediah K. Smith, 18J8, '04, '05, '{)(], '07, '11, '12, '1:5, 'U, '17, '23, '2-4. 

John Secombe, 1810, 'Ki, '25, '20, '27, '28, '29, ';30, '3\, '32, '33, '34, '38, 

'37. 
Charles II. Atherton, 1815, '38, '40, '41. 
Edmund Parker, 1818, '19, '20, '21, '22, '35. 
Hubbard Newton, 1839. 
Daniel Campbell, jr., 1842, '43, '44. 
David Stewart, 1845, '4(5. 
Levi J. Secomb, 1847, '48, '49, '52, '55. 
Lemuel N. Pattee, 1850, '51. 
Perley Dodge, 1853, '54. 

Charles II. Campbell, 1850, '57, '58, '59, '01, '62, '63, '04, '66. 
Charles B. Tuttle, 18')0, '65. 

William A. Mack, 1867, '68, '69, '70, '71, '72, '73, '74. 
Bradley H. Bartlett, 1875, '76. 
Brooks R. Came, 1877. 
Joseph Byron Fay, 1878, '79. 
Geo. W. Bos worth, 1880, '81. 
Frank P. Mace, 1882. 

TOWN-CLERKS. 

Solomon Hutchinson, 1760, '61. 

John Shepard, jr., 17()2, '63, '64, '65, '66, '67, '68, '70, '71, '72. 

Thomas Waketield, 1769, '79, '80, '81, '82, '83. 

Moses Nichols, 1773. 

Samuel Wilkins, 1774, 75, '76, '77, '84, '85, '86, '87, '88, '89. 

Nahum Baldwin, 1778. 

Joshua Lovejoy, 1790, '91, '92, '93. 

William Fisk, 1794, '95, '96, '97, '98, '99, 18;)0, '01, '02, '03, '04, '05, '06, 

'07, '08, '09, '10, '11. 
John Elienwood, 1812, '13, '14. 

Robert Read, 1815, '16, '17, '18, '19, '20, '21, '22, '23, '24, '25, '26, '27. 
James Colburn, 1828. 
Ambrose Seaton, 1829. 
John Prentiss, 1830, '31. 
Andrew Wallace, 1832, '33, '34, '35, '36. 
Charles L. Stewart, 1837 to 16 Sept., 1838. 
David Stewart, 16 Sept., 1838, '39, '40, '41, '42. 
David Russell, 1843, '44, '45, '46, '47, '48. 
Lemuel Bissell, 1849. 



X.] roI.ITICAL STATISTICS. 20:'. 

AIImtI llanly, IS.")!) I.. S) ,huu; ls:,l. 

Chark's B. Tiittic, S) .Jim.-, IS.")!, to March, Isfji'. 

Daniel A. Fletcher, I8./i, '5 J, '")4, '55, '5(!. 

Charles 15. Tuttle, 1S57. 

Charles 11. Wallace, IS.lSto!) Oct. 

Charles H. Tuttle, !» Oct., is.'S, to Manh. 1S.")!I. 

Daniel Fletcher, 18")!), 'CO. 

George F. Slfeveii.s, ISlil, 'irJ, '(i:i, •fll. '•;.">, "(id. 'i;?. 

Charles N. Merrill, 18()8 to 8 Dec. 

Albert A. ivotch, 8 Dec, lSli8, to March, 18i;!). 

Joseph n. Fay, 18ii!», 7(1, 71. 

Wilson D. For.saith, 1872, 7:i. 

All'.Tt A. Kotch, 1874, 75, 7f'>, 77, 7S, 7!t, '8:1, '81, '8l>. 

SELECT.'^IEN. 

Stiloiiion Hutchinson, 17ii(t, 'Hi'. 

William Bradford, 17(10. 

Keuhen Mussey, 17(i(l, 'dl, '(i!>, '70, '71, 7(i. '77. 

Joseph Gould, 17(i(), '7(J. 

Thomas Clark, 17<:0. 

William I'eabotly, 17(il, 'Ci-J. 

John .Sh.-pard, jr., 17111, '(L', '(>:?, '(11, '(15, '()(>, '()7, '(>8, '70, '71, '72, '8-5. 

Thomas Wakelield, 1701, '()2, '(>;{, '(>!, '()5, '(Hi, '07, '(i8, '(ii», '70, '71. '70, 

•77, '78, '70, 'SO, '81, '82, '8 5, '81, '85, '8(5. 
Bol.erl Bead, 1701, '(52, '(5:?, '(il, 'OS. 
Daniel Campbell, 17(i:!. "(il, ■7it. 71. 71, 75. "so, 'sl, ',^2, 's;!. "S7, 'SS, 

'Si). 
Samuel Stewart, 170'>. 
John (;raham, 17(il. 
.\ndre\v Bradford, 17(i'>. 
.Moses Nichols, 17(55, '(5S, 7.;. 
Nathan Kendall, 1705. 
Samuel Mi Kean, 1700, '72. 
Benjamin Taylor, 1700, '(57, '(5!l. 
James Seaton, 170(5, '7!(. 
Ebeuezer Weston, 1707, '71. "75. 'si, 'si>. 
Hezekiah I.ovejoy, 17(57. 
Samuel \\ilkins, 17(5S, 7;i. 7|, 7.-j, 7fi. 77, "so. "S2, "s:}, 'sl, So, "stj, 

',s7, '.SS, "sii. 
Israel Towne, jr., 17(i;», ■7-i, 'S(». 
Nalnim Balilwin. 170!(, '7S. 
Stephen IVabody, 1770, '72, '7:i, '7!i. 



204 HISTORY OF AMHERST [Chap. 

Benjamin Kenrick, 1771. 

Thomas Bm-ns, 1772, '85, '86, '87. 

John Patterson, 1773. 

Josiah Crosby, 1774, '75, '77. 

Stephen Washer, 1774. 

Peter Woodbury, 1775, '75. 

Solomon Kittredge, 1777. 

Amos Flint, 1778. 

John Harvill, 1778. 

John Bm'ns, 1778. 

Nathan Hutchinson, 1779. 

Timothy Smith, 1779. 

Benjamin Uavis, 1780, '81. 

Eli Wilkins, 1781, '82, '83, '84, '85, '86, '87, '88. 

Joshua Lovejoy, 1784, '85, '86, '87, '90, '91. 

Augustus Blanchard, 1784. 

David Danforth, 1788, '89, '94, '95, '96, '97, '98. 

Benjamin Hutchinson, 1788, '90, '91, '92, '93. 

Abijah Wilkins, 1789, '90, '91. 

George Burns, 1789. 

William Fisk, 1790, '91, '92, '93, '94, '95, '96, '97, '98, '99, 1800, '01, 

'02, '03, '04, '05, '06, '07, '08, '09, '10, '11, '12, '13, '14. 
Stephen Kendrick, 1790, '91, '92, '93. 

Joseph Langdell, 1792, '93, '94, '95, '96, '97, '98, '99, 1800, '01, '02. 
David Stewart, 1794, '95, '96, '97, 98, '99, 1800, '01, '02, '03, '04, '05, 

'06, "07, '08, '09. 
Jacob Kendall, 1794, "95, '96, '97, '98, '99, 1800, '03. 
Ebenezer Taylor, 1799, 1800, '04, '05, '06, '07, '08, '09, '10, '11, '12, '13, 

'14. 
John Secombe, 1810, '11, '12, '13, '14, '16, '18, '19, '20, '21, '22, '23, '24, 

'25, '26, '27, '28, '33, '34, '35. 
Edmund Parker, 1815. 
Elijah Putnam, 1815, '17. 

Daniel Campbell, jr., 1815, '16, '17, '18, '19, '20, '21, '22, '23, '24, '25, '41. 
Israel Fuller, 1810, '17, '18, '19, '20, '21, '22, '23, '24, '25, '26, '27, '28, 

'32, '44. 
Thomas Wilkins, 1826, "27, "28, '38, '39, *40. 
John Mack, 1829, '30. 

David Stewart, jr., 1829, *30, "31, "33, "34, '35, "36, "39, "40, "41, "42. 
Bartholomew Dodge, 1829, '30, '31, "36. 
William Melendy, 1831, '32, '44. 
John Haseltine, 1832. 
Charles Richardson, 1833, "34, "35. 



X.] POLITICAL STATISTICS. 2(1') 

l^l'liraiiii Hlaiicliaid. \><U\. 

Israel FulltT, jr., \x'-'>7. 

Klhridge Hardy, ls;i7. 

Nathan Dane, ls:57. 

Danii'l Ilartsliorii, ls:5S. 

Ab.l Dowiic, ls;js. 

Levi .1. Seconil), ls;;!i, 'lo, "ll. 'Il', '\-\. 

KM Sawtt'll, ls4-_>, -I:'.. 

William J.Weston, 1^1!. "11, "If). •|(;. '17, "is, ■.")(>, •.'»!. Tc', 'ofl, 'Hi i, 

"01, •G2, "65. 
.lotliani Ilart.shorn. 1 ->!.">. "Ifi, "17, ■.')!. '.'iL', ''>'■'>, ''>\. 
.MImmI Riddle, isjo. 'Ki. 
Charles II. Canipl.ell, isJT. 
James C. Follan.sbee, is^s, "li), '.50. 
George Walker, isis. 
Timothy Hartshorn, islO. 
Foster Wyatt, isli), "5(1. 
Daniel Fletcher, is.")!), '.'d. 
Jonathan Kni<j;ht, isS'i, "5"., "01, "02. 
Abial Steele, lS,j:{, ".>[. 
Jo.seph Mace, 1S51, ".').">. Tir), ■.")7. 
Hen janiin 1?. Whiting, l.s.55, "50, "57. X 
Willard Ilayden, 1^55. 
Willard Danforlh. lS.-,6, "57, 'oS. 
William A. Mack, 1S5S, '5n, "6:5, "61, "07, "Gs, -O!). 
Joel F. Osgood, 1858, 'of). 
Josiah W. PilLshury, ISO ). 
James G. Ila.seltine, isOi). 
Charles Kiehardson, ISOI. 
.\sa Ja(initli, jr., ISOJ. 

Francis K. Bontell, isOi, 'Oi, •(;."), "07, 'OS, .(5:(, 7(1, 77. 
Daniel Cram, 1S6I, "0.3, "lUi. 
Harnahas H. David, 1S6.'), "00. 
James r. Prince, 1S60. "07. "OS, *(J,'(. 
Thomas .M. Ilarvill, ls7(», "71, "si. 
Charles L. Bradford, lS7f», "71. 
Levi Hartshorn, 1S71. "7'J. 
Jo.sejih Hyron Fay, 1S7l', "7;!, "71. 
Hrooks n. Came, 1S7'J, •7:5, "71, "7;"). 
Tht)mas Jones, 1S7:5, 74, "JTy, "76. 
Aaron Smith Wilkins, 1S7."), 7(1, 77. 
Isaac H. Dodgt», ls7(), 77, 7.S. 
Daniel \V. Trow, lS7,s, 7!», -so, -si. 



206 HISTORY OF AMHERST. [Chap. 

Mark Putnam, 1878, 79, •80, •81. 
Luther Coggin, 1879. 
William Pratt, 1880, \S1. 
Joseph B. Trow, 1S8'2. 
John H. Coggin, 1882. 
Joel n. Fisher, 1882. 

P]-ior to 1803, five selectmen were chcjsen annually ; since that time, 
but three. 

SUPERVISORS OF ELECTIONS. 

Francis K. Boutell, 1878, "80. 
William IT. Hubbard, 1878, \S0. 
James U. Prince, 1878. 
Horatio Mclntire, 18S0. 

Of the selectmen, William Fisk, Es(|., served for twenty- 
five successive years, eigliteen of which he was town-clerk. 



(^o %/^aJu^{^ 



served twenty-two years as selectman — eleven years com- 
mencing' with 1761, and eleven years commencing with 1776. 
He was also town-clerk six years. He probably died 
here in September, 1791 ; but no stone marks his resting 
place, and none of his descendants remain in town. 



(^^^»^-l-e-^<^^C^ 7*^^Kl--?-^;-;,yV^^-^^^ y^ 





<^^:^^?p^ 



^^ 



constituted the board of selectmen in Amherst for nine 



X.] POLITICAL STATISTICS. liOT 

ye;iis. Tlic (wo first urrc ii;itivi's of tlii' town. Mi. l-'iillcr 
was a iuitiv(.' of Midillttoii. M.iss. All ucrf liorii in tliu 
year 177<S, and all lived ln-yoiid the allotted three seore 
years and ten. Ca|>t. Cani|)l)(dl died at 7"). (^a|»t. Seconihe 
at 78, and Mi'. Fidlrr at 80 years. They were fair repre- 
sentatives of the generation of men to which they helonued, 
slow of speech, deliheratc in action, of sonnd judgment, and 
all believers in thorough, honest work. Beside these nine 
years' service together, each served at other times, with 
other individuals. Capt. Can)pbeirs term of service 
amounted, in the whole, to 12; Capt. SecomI)e's, to 20 ; aiul 
Mr. Fuller's, to 15 years. Beside this, ('apt. Secomhe 
.served 8. and Capt. Campl)ell 2 years, as representatives. 

COMPKNSATION OF THE SELECTMEN. 

-Vt a meeting held 2d December, 1781, the town voted to 
allow their selectmen three pounds lawful silver money 
each, for their services that year, beside theii" necessary 
expenses. 

This, reckoning the S)ianish milled dollar at (is., gave 
them ten dollars each ; but as the war then going on gave 
the " town fathers"' an unusual amount of business, it was 
voted, at a meeting in March, 1782, to i)ay them three 
shillings ea(di,per day, for the time spent in '•' extraordinary 
servici's for the town." 

For the yeai ending March. 1S;')1 . thr seleetmen's Itills 
amounted to >=53.y(). 

Foi- the year ending March. ls;!4. the selectmen's bills 
amounted to -i^lGS.lS. 

The increase was causi'd by the change in the mode of 
assessing taxes, made l>y the act ajiproved 4 January, 1888, 
which increased the lal)or of the selectmen, who acted as 
assessors. 

F(ir tlio yoar rndiii^ .Miin'h. ISIo. lli.'v w.iv. .i<175.U(t 

'' •• ls.5:5. •• •• '2(i:i.sj 

1S.")7, " •■ 2J6.(»(i 



208 HISTORY OF AMHERST. [Cliap. 

For the year ending March, 1863, they ^vere, it^l60.'25 

" " " 1866, " " 290.(10 

" " " 1870, " " 270.00 

1874, " " 410.00 

1881, " " 291.00 

Seldom has any one possessing the requisite qualifica- 
tion, failed of an election to the important and responsible 
office of hogreeve. 

In 1762 a very appropriate selection of chaiftnan was 
made, Mr. William Hogg being elected to that office. 

In 1813 Dea. David Stanley was promoted to the chair- 
manship. 

In 1811, and again in 1828, Hon. Edmund Parker was 
chief among the elect '' regulators of the swine," and in 1830 
Rev. Silas Aiken was duly promoted to the office of chair- 
man of the board. 

On the twenty-first day of July, 1771, eighty-five depu- 
ties from the towns in New Hampshire met in congress at 
Exeter, and chose Nathaniel Folsom and John Sullivan 
delegates to the Congress which met at Carpenter's hall, 
in Philadelphia, 5 September, 1774. 

REPRESENTATIVES. 

Amherst was classed with Bedford for the choice of a 
representative to the General Court, under the Provincial 
government. The first meeting for the choice of a represen- 
tative from the classed towns, of which a record has been 
found, was held at Bedford meeting-house 4 March, 1762, at 
which Col. John Goffe received 46 votes, and Capt. Moses 
Barron 13 votes. Col. Goffe, having a majority of the 
votes, was declared elected, and served as representative of 
the district, under this and subsequent elections, until the 
abrogation of the Provincial government. 



X.] 



POLITIPAL STATISTICS. 



200 



I'liiil Ihlillcv SiirLl'cIlt \v;is tlic (lr|iiit\ iVoiii AliilitTst in 
this lirst I'roviiici;!! coiiurcss. His L'.\|teiis('s wcic (Ictriiycil 
hv private (■()ntril)iiti()iis, as is shown hy the loHowiiii; pajxT 
|)l'('S(M"\ I'll ill the 1)1 lice iil the Secret a I'V ot State, at ('(Jlieord : 

"The within is a tresv list of tlie moneys siihscrihed for defraying 
the expense of a Depnty to Kxeter, and the money required a.s the 
(^uota of lliis town. 

IV\ri. DIDLKV SAlUiKNT. 

Amiikiisi. .Iiilv -Jii. 1771." 



.loiiii iiiirns, 
iU'iij. lIopkiMs, 
.Viulrew Uradtonl, 
Stepht'U Murnham. 
Josiah Sawyer, 
(Jeorge Hums, 
Thomas Hums, 
William .Tones, 
Thompson Ma.xwell, 
James Seaton, 
.Miner Hutchinson, 
Oliver ("arlton, 
Stt'jihcii Healiody, 
William Hogg, 
Joseph Steeli', 
.losiah C'roshy, 
Henj. Kcmlrick, 
Moses Harron, 
Joseph (iould, 
Ehenezer Weston, 
Daniel Camphell, 
William ^Va!lace, 
Nahum Haldwiu, 
Timothy Snuth, 
Reuhen Mussey, 
William Tavlor, 



Paul l)uiUey Sai-ireiit was chosen a delegate to the second 
(.'ongress, which met 25 Jan.. 177-'). 

Paul Dudley Sargent and >[os(>s Parsons rcj)resented the 
town in the third Congress, which mot 21 April. 177."). 
U 



3 


1 


1 





1 
1 


(i 

11 


1 
•> 


!) 


1 
1 


6 

i* ■ 


1 


n 


1 


\ 


.3 


G 


1 
1 
t; 


•J 


1 

1 


r> 

v) 

(5 


*> 

1 

3 


^^ 


3 

1 
1 


: 



William IValM.dy, 


3s 


.0(1 


Doctor Ame.s. 


1 


-n 


Ja's Gilmore, 


1 


-^ 


Jonathan Lund, 


•) 


.1 


.Fohn Hums, jr.. 


3 




Lieut. Kendall, 


6 




Lieut. Br.adford, 


o 


•S 


William Melcndy, 


1 


•^i 


William Odell, 


1 


G 


Amos Truel, 


3 




.James Gage, 


3 


fi 


Samuel .Stewart, 


3 




James Hartshorn, 




S 


.Jo.seph Farnum, 


1 


I 


Xathaniel Phelps, 


1 


(i 


John .Mills, 


1 


1 


. Jonathan Lyon, 


•) 




Nathaniel Cleaves, 


1 


H 


Stephen A\'asher, 


1 


G 


Amos Green, 


1 


4 


Col. .Shepard, 


3 




Peter ^^'oodl>ury, 


2 


.J 


Thomas Towne, 


4 




Kphraim HiMreth, 


1 


2^ 


.John Shepard, jr., esq.. 


6 




Samuel Wilkins, 


2 





210 HISTORY OF AMHERST. [Chap. 

The same gentlemen represented the town in the fonrtli 
Congress, whicli met 17 May, 1775. 

Moses Nichols and Nahum Baldwin were cliosen dele- 
gate? to the fifth Congress, which met 21 December, 1775. 

On the fifth day of January, 1776, this Congress adopted 
a temporary constitution, to continue in force during the 
" present unhappy and unnatural contest with Great 
Britain." 

It then resolved itself into a '' House of Representatives 
for the Colony of New Hampshire." Provision was made 
that precepts, in the name of the Council and Assembly, 
signed by the President of the Council and Speaker of the 
House of Representatives, '' should issue annually on or 
before the first day of November, for the choice of a Council 
and House of Representatives, to be returned by the third 
Wednesday of December, then next ensuing, in such manner 
as the Council and Assembly sliall hereafter prescribe." 
Since the eighteenth day of December, 1776, the repre- 
sentatives have been as follows : 

Moses Nichols, 1776, '77, '81, '&2. 

Peter Woodbury, 1776. 

Josiah Crosby, 1777, '78, '79, '82. 

Reuben Mussey, 177S. 

Stephen Peabody, 1779. 

Samuel Wilkins, 1780. 

Nahum Baldwin, 1780. 

Robert Means, 1783, '84, '85, '86, '89. 

Thomas Burns, 1783. 

William Peabody, jr., 1787, "88. 

Daniel Warner, 1790, '91, from 10 June, 1793, '94, "9.5, '96, '97, to 23 

August, 1798. 
Joshua Atherton, 1792 (resigned, vacancy not filled), '93, to June 10. 
William Fisk, from 23 August, 1798, '99, from 27 August, 1804, '0-5, 

'06, '07, '08, '09. 
William Bradford, 1800, '01, '02. 
Jedediah K. Smith, 1803, to 27 August, 1804. 
William Low, 1810, '12, '14. 
Edmund Parker, 1813, '15, '17, '18, '19, '20, '21, '22, '24, '25, to 5 June, 

1826. 



X.] 



POLITICAL STATISTICS. 



211 



Clifton Claggett, 1816. 

Charles II. Athertoii, 182:5, '.58, ':{0. 

I!()l)ert Read, June, 1S2(), '27, '28. 

David .McC. M.-ans, 182!l, 'M). 

.Folin Secoiiibe, 18:51, ';52, '••5:5. 

Daniel Campbell, jr., is;j-l, ':5.'). 

David Stewart, 18 5(5, '|:5. 

P.'rley Dodge, 18:J7, '5:5, '51. 

.Vndrew Wallaet', ISK), '11. 

Barnabas 15. David, l^lJ. 

Richard Hoylston, 1811. 'I.'), 'Ul 

Levi .1. Secondi, ISIT, 'IS. 

Lenui.-l N. Pattee, 18-19, '50. 

Daniel Fletcher, 1S51. 

William Wetherbee, iSo.l, '50, '60. 

Charles 11. Campbell, ls5(;, '.')7, '5S, '(]:], '61. 

Jotham Hartshorn. Is61, "62, '71, "72. 

.\aron Lawrence l>6ri, '66. 

William Clark, 1S67, 'CS. 

William .\. Mack, ls6!», '70. 

IIarri>on Katon, 187;5, '74. 

Joseph H. Fay, 1875, '76. 

Frank Hartshorn, 1877. 

Thomas Jones, 1878, '75). 

Albert .\. Kotch, 1880. 

DKCKASI'] OF TOWN OKI'ICFRS SINCK ITTo 

Charles 11. Atherton, died 8 Jan., 18:)3, 

Joshua Atherton, 3 April, 18(19, 

Xahum Baldwin, 7 .May, 1788, 

Augustus r.lanchard (at Milford), •J7 Feb., iMiO, 

Kphraun Hlanchard, 27 June, 1841. 

Richard P.oylston, 10 July, 1857. 

Andrew Bradford (at Milford). 179s. . 

William Bradford (at Barre, Vt.). 25 Oct.. ISIO, 

Daniel Campbell, 7 Oct., 1838, 

Daniel Campbell, jr., 7 July, 18.53, 

Clifton Claggett, 29 Jan., 1829, 

James Colburn (at Franklin), 2 Sept., 1862. 

Daniel Cram, 5 .Vug., 1881), 

Josiah Crosby, 15 Oct., 1793, . 

Samuel Dana. 2 April, 1798, . 

Xathan Dane (at Ottawa. Minn.). 12 Dec, 1865, 



aged 79 
71 
54 
63 
63 
75 
80 
63 
99 
75 
66 
76 
81 
63 
59 
60 



212 



HISTORY OP AMHERST. 



[Chap. 



David Danforth, died 4 July, 1827, 

Willard Danforth, 28 March, 1859, 

Benjamin Davis, 28 Nov., 1822, 

Bartholomew Dodge, 7 Oct., 1838, 

Abel Downe, 28 Sept., 1840, . 

John Ellenwood (in Michigan), 9 May, 1856, 

William Fisk, 4 June, 1831, . 

Daniel Fletcher, 15 Oct., 1873, 

James C. Follansbee (at Francestown), 17 Dec, 1879, 

Israel Fuller, 23 Feb., 1S64, . 

John Goffe (at Bedford), 20 Oct., 17S1, 

William Gordon (at Boston), 8 May, 1802, 

Albert Hardy (at Greenfield), 14 Oct., 1853, 

Elbridge Hardy (at Brooklyn, X. Y.), 1 April, 1874, 

Daniel Hartshorn, 20 Feb., 1871, 

Jotham Hartshoi'n, 21 Sept., 1878, 

John Harvill, 6 April, 1821, . 

John Ilaseltine, 5 Aug., 1865, 

Willard Hayden, 21 March, 1881, 

Benjamin Hutchinson (at Milford), 12 Sept., 183 

Nathan Hutchinson (at Milford), 12 Jan., 1795, 

Jacob Kendall (at Mont Vernon), 3 June, 1823, 

Nathan Kendall, 10 Nov., 1791, 

Benjamin Kendrick, 13 Nov., 1813, 

Stephen Kendrick, 7 June, 1811, 

Joseph T.angdell (at Wenham, Mass.), May, 1829 

Aaron Lawrence, 1 Sept., 1867, 

William Low, 11 Sept., 1826, 

Hezekiah Lovejoy, 6 April, 1793, 

Joshua Lovejoy (at Sanbornton), 28 Jan., 1832, 

Ebenezer Lyon, 4 Jan., 1798, . 

Joseph Mace, 2 June, 1861, . 

John ]Mack, 16 July, 1S54, . 

David McG. Means, 5 March, 1835, 

Robert Means, 24 Jan., 1823, . 

William INIelendy, 12 March, 1858, 

Reuben Mussey, 20 Nov., 1788, 

Hubbard Newton (at Newport), 15 Feb., 1847, 

Moses Nichols, 23 May, 1790, 

Edmund Parker (at Claremont), 8 Sept., 1856, 

Lemuel N. Pattee (at Goffstown), 1 April, 1870, 

John Patterson, 16 Dec, 1829, 

Stephen Peabody, 19 Sept., 1782, 



X.] 



DECEASE OF TOWN OFFICERS. 



21:^ 



William IVal.ody, died ;{ May, 17!)1, . 

.luliii Pri'iitiss (at Clareiiiont), 2 Marcli, 18»js, 

Klijah Putnam, 18 Oct., 185.'), 

Mark rutnam, 2U Jan., 1882, . 

Holu'i-t Read, 1st, 11 Sept., 18u:J, 

Hohi-rt R.'ad. '2d (at Nashua), K) March, 18.")7, 

diaries Hiehardson (at Worcester, Mass.), 12 Dec, 1878 

Albert Riddle (at Bedford), 7 Aug., ISoU, 

David Russell, 7 Jan., 1882, . 

Raul Dudley Sargent (in Maine), Sept., 1827, 

.\mltrose Seaton (at ^larysville, Ky.), !) Apiil, ISGU, 

John Secuiube, 20 July, 1850, 

John Shei)ard, jr., (at Milford), 4 Dec, 18()2, 

Jedediah K. Smith, 17 Dec, 1828, 

Jonathan Smith (at Bedford, Pa.), May, isi;}, 

Charles L. Stewart (at New York city), 1 April, 1808, 

David Stewart, U Nov., 1821, 

David Stewart, jr., 30 Aug., 1880, 

Samuel Stewart, 27 May, 1770, 

Ebenezer Taylor, 10 Aug., 1835, 

Israel Towne, jr. (at Stoddard), 28 April, 181:5. 

Charles R. Tuttle (at Milford), 10 Dec, 1880, 

Thomas Wakefield, Sept., 1791, 

Andrew Wallace, 23 Sept., 1856, 

Charles II. Wallace, 21 June, 1801. 

Daniel Warner, 20 March, 1813, 

Ebenezer Weston, 22 Dec, 1805, . 

William J. Weston, 1 Oct., 1863, 

William Wt-therbee, 18 May, 1878, 

.\bijah Wilkins (at Mont Vernon), July, 1^33. 

Samuel Wilkins, 27 Dec, 1832, 

Thomas Wilkins, 15 Nov., 1868, 

Peter Woodbury (at Antrim). 11 Oct.. 1817. 

Foster Wyatt, 5 Feb., 18S2, . 

93. Average age of each, 70, 13-31 years. 



age. I 



70 
,s2 
70 
03 

83 
71 

87 
:.l 

84 
88 
01 



.■)1 
05 
01 
81 
00 
71 
70 
03 
01 
73 
25 
07 
71 
53 
so 
M 
90 
70 
79 
SO 



The following citizons ol AinliiTst have been CDiimiis- 
sioned as Justices of the Peace : 



Api»)iiitei1. 

1803, Charles II. Atherton, 

1791, Joshua Atherton, 



Appointed. 

17S5, .Vugustus Blanchard 
1843, Edwin A. Bodwell, 



214 



HISTORY OF AMHERST. 



[Chap. 



Appo 

1862 
1837 
1803 
185i 
1853 
1792 
1848, 
1813 
1873 
1863 
1868 
1862 
1802 
1859 
1790 
1838^ 
1815 
1858 
1850 
1833 
1865 
18u6 
1869 
1805 
1857, 
1790 
1812 
1842 
1794 
1860^ 
1850 
1857 
1844 
1856 
1829 
1806 
1856, 
1847 
1864 
1786^ 
1820 
1829 



nted. 

Edward D. Boylstoii, 
Richard Boylstou, 
Isaac Brooks, 
Oramus W. Burnhaiu, 
Charles H. Campbell, 
Daniel Campbell, 
Peter Carleton, 
Clifton Claggett, 
Edward G. Clark, 
Hiram A. Clark, 
Isaac Combs, 
Daniel Cram, 
Samuel Curtis, 
Edward S. Cutter, 
Samuel Dana, 
Nathan Dane, 
Timothy Danforth, 
Willard Danforth, 
Barnabas B. David, 
Perley Dodge, 
Harrison Eaton, 
David Everett, 
Joseph B. Eay, 
William Fisk, 
Francis P. Fitch, 
Robert Fletcher, 
Frederick French, 
Israel Fuller, jr., 
William Gordon, 
Charles E. Hapgood, 
Elbridge Hardy, 
Jotham Hartshorn, 
Jacob Hildreth, 
Gilbert Hills, 
David Holmes, 
Nathan Kendall, 
Aaron Lawrence, 
Joseph Mace, 
William A. Mack, 
Robert Means, 
Robert Means, jr., 
David McG. Means, 



Appointed. 

1844, Elijah Munroe, 
1852, James Munroe, 
1852, George W. Moor, 
1839, William S. Morton, 
1836, Hubbard Newton, 
1776, Moses Nichols, 
1815, Edmund Parker, 

1845, Lemuel N. Pattee, 
1842, Stephen Peabody, 
1830, John Prentiss, 

1829, Ezra Prescott, 
1867, J. O. Pulsifer, 
1792, James Ray, 

1865, George A. Kamsdell, 

1827, Robert Read, 

1828, Charles Richardson, 

1852, Charles Richardson, 2d, 
1869. Albert A. Rotch, 

1846, David Russell, 
1825, John Secombe, 

1857, Levi J. Secomb, 

1825, Nathaniel Shattuck, 
Prior to 1768, John Shepard, jr. 
1805, Jedediah K. Smith, 

1830, Matthias Spalding, 

1855, Abial Steele, 
1865, George F. Stevens, 

1856, David Stewart, 

1858, Charles B. Tuttle, 
1832, David Underbill, 

1826, Andrew Wallace, 
1821, Elisha F. Wallace, 
1808, Daniel Warner, 
1846, William J. Weston, 

1853, William W^etherbee, 
1842, Bernard B. Whittemore, 
1874, Aaron S. Wilkins, 
1787, Eli Wilkins, 

18 — , Samuel Wilkins, 
1879, Horace E. Woodberry, 
1860, Francis W^-ight. 



X.J 



VOTES FOR GOVERNOR. 



21. 



Col. John Shepard, jr., \\;is pr(>lial)ly tin- first .liisticc 
appuiuted in Aiulierst. 

VOTES FOR PRESIDENT OF THE STATE. 



)f tlio I'oace 



17M. M.'slirrli W.'are, 11 

Jului IvUiigdun, ")0 

George .Vtkiiison, 1.3 

178.">, .John Laiigdon, 71 

(jeorge Atkinson, "J") 

178i), John Sullivan, -VJ 

John Langdon, 41 

17S7, John Sullivan, Go 

JdliM l.angdon, 72 



17>>8, John l.angdon, 
John Sullivan, 

17S9, John Sullivan, 
John I'ie'kcring, 
Josiiua .Vtherton. 
Scattering, 

17!)t), John Pickering, 

1791, Josiah Bartlett, 



VOTES FOR OOVERNOR. 



17'Ji.', Josiaii Baitlott, IDo 

17!J!, Josiah Bartlett, 42 

John Taylor (Jihnan, 52 

17!) 1, John T. Gilman, 108 

Daniel Uin<lge, 2 

17!)"), John T. Oilman, 150 

17!tti, John T. Gilman, 155 

Timothy Gilman, S 

17i)7, Jolm T. Gilman, 13."> 

John S. Sherburne, i'-i 

John Bellows, ;} 

17118, John T. Gilman, 171 

17!t!), John T. Gilman, 1:31 

18 HI, John T. Gihnan, 12:5 

Timothy Walker, .s5 

isoi, John T. (iilman, 95 

Timothy Walker, 118 

l.s(rj, John T. Gilman, OS 

John Langdon, 176 

l>su:J, John T. Gilman, lo;{ 

John Langdon, 17!) 

1801, John T. (Jilman, 88 

John Langdon, 131 

1S:)5, John Langdon, 1;j7 

John T. tiihnan, 98 

1806, John Langdon, 152 

Timothy Farrar, 27 

Scattering, 5 



1S07, John Langdon. 
Timothy Farrar, 
Scattering, 

18.)8, John Langdon, 

( )liver Peabody, 

Scattering, 
18U9, Jeremiah Smith, 

John Langdon, 

Scattering, 
I8lil, Jolm Langdon, 

Jeremiah Smith, 

Scattering, 

1811, John Langdon, 
Jeremiah Smith 

1812, William Plumer, 
John T. Gihnan, 
John Warner, 

1813, John T. Gilman, 
William Plumer, 
Scattering, 

1814, John T. Gilman, 
William Plumer, 

I'^l.'). John T. Gilman, 
William Pluraer, 

1810, William Plumer, 
James Sheafe, 



41 

111!) 

(!;! 

9.1 

1!) 

t; 

mo 

•J to 



130 



121 
7 

ll'l 

137 
•J 

149 

113 

l.-)3 
IDS 

130 

112 

1 

137 

I.-)i» 

1 

l.-)9 
173 

170 
101 
177 
100 



216 



HISTORY OF AMHERST. 



[Chap. 



1817 


William Pluiner, 


164 


1830, Matthew Harvey, 


99 




James Sheafe, 


150 


Timothy Upham, 


165 




Scattering, 


12 


Scattering, 


3 


1818 


William Plumer, 


148 


1831, Samuel Dinsmoor, 


lOS 




William Hale, 


147 


Ichabod Bartlett, 


170 




Robert Means, jr.. 


4 


Scattering, 


2 


1819 


Samuel Bell, 


75 


1832, Samuel Dinsmoor, 


106 




William Hale, 


105 


Ichabod Bartlett, 


119 




David L. Morril, 


44 


1833, Samuel Dinsmoor, 


162 




Scattering, 


2 


Charles H. Atherton, 


32 


1820 


Samuel Bell, 


86 


1834, William Badger, 


.^4 




George B. rpliam, 


. 95 


1835, William Badger, 


124 




David L. ISIorril, 


36 


7 O ' 

Joseph Healev, 


133 




Scattering'. 


6 


'' 






O' 




1836, Isaac Hill, 


115 


1821 


Samuel Bell, 


88 


George Sullivan, 










5 




George B. Upluim, 


117 


Richard Boylston, 


1 




Scatteriu"-, 


3 








o' 




1837, Isaac Hill, 


128 


1822 


Samuel Bell, 


94 


George Sullivan, 


121 




Jei'emiah Mason, 


13 


1838, Isaac Hill, 


171 




Scatterino- 


10 








&' 




James Wilson, jr.. 


197 


1828 


Levi Woodbui'v, 


147 






Samuel Dinsmoor, 


91 


1839, John Page, 


161 




Scattering, 


2 


James Wilson, 


188 


1824 


David L. Morril, 


163 


1840, John Page, 


158 




Levi Woodbury, 


77 


Enos Stevens, 


180 




Jeremiah Smith, 


27 


George Kent, 


7 




Scattering, 





1841, John Page, 


142 


1825 


David L. Morril, 


239 


Enos Stevens, 


171 




Levi Woodbury, 


8 


1842, Henry Hubbard, 


122 




Scattering, 


8 


Enos Stevens, 


1U5 


1826 


David L. Morril, 


152 


John H. White, 


53 




Benjamin Pierce, 


52 


Daniel Hoit, 


11 




Scattering, 


2 


Scattering, 


1 


1827 


Benjannn Pierce, 


144 


1843, Henry Hubbard, 


115 




David L. Morril, 


24 


Anthony Colby, 


130 




Scattering, 


8 


John H. W^hite, 


32 


1828 


John Bell, 


208 


Daniel Hoit, 


20 




Benjamin Pierce, 


68 


1844, John H. Steele, 


117 




Scattering, 


4 


Anthony Colby, 


126 


1829 


Benjamin Pierce, 


104 


Daniel Hoit, 


35 




John Bell, 


180 


John H. White, 


7 




Scattering, 


4 


Scattering, 


4 



X.] 



VOTES FOR GOVERNOR. 



217 



\sV), Jolin II. Steele, 
Anthony Colby, 
Daniel lloit, 

l>li;. Anthony C'oll)y, 

Jaiv.l W. Williams, 
Nathaniel S. Heiry, 

1>17. .lared \V. Williams, 
Anthony Colby, 
Xathaniel S. Berry, 
Scattering, 

isls, Jaivil W^ Williams. 
Xathaniel 8. Beny, 
Scattering, 

IS-in, Samuel Dinsmoor, 
Levi Chamberlain, 
Xathaniel 8. Berry, 

ls.")(i, Samuel Dinsmoor, 
i-t'vi Chamberlain, 
Xathaniel S. Berry, 

1>.")1. Samuel Dinsmoor, 
i'homas K. Sawyer, 
•lolin Atwood, 
Scattering, 

\^i)'2, Noah ^lartin, 

Tliomas K. Sawyer, 
.John .Vtwood, 
Scattering, 

l.s.'wJ. Xoah Martin, 
.Fames M.^ll, 
-lohn 11. Whit.s 
Scattering, 

ls:)l. Xathaniel B. I'.aker. 
.lam.'s Bell, 
.lared Berkins. 

It^.j.'., IJalph .Melealf, 

Xathaniel B. Bakei. 
•lames Bell, 
.Vsa Kowler. 

Ksr)(j, Ralph Metcalf, 
-Fohn S. Wells, 
lehab(,)d Goodwin, 

18.")7, William liaile, 
John S. Wells, 



1-28 


1858, 


William Ilaile, 


219 


1:51 




Asa P. Cate, 


106 


i>0 


1859, 


Ichabod Goodwin, 


212 


1-23 




Asa P. Cate, 


113 


12.3 


18(10, 


Ichabod Goodwin, 


205 


:is 




Asa P. Cate, 


118 


117 


isiil, 


Xathaniel S. Berry, 


192 


l.")! 




(ieorge Stark, 


129 


:j:i 


18(J2, 


Xathaniel S. Berry, 


192 


1 




George Stark, 


128 


158 




Paul J. Wheeler, 


3 


185 


1863, 


Joseph A. Gilmore, 


175 


2 




Ira A. Eastman, 


124 


U4 




Walter Ilarriman, 


18 


148 


1864, 


Joseph .\. Gilmore, 


219 


29 




Edwanl W. Harrington, 


124 


145 


1865, 


Frederick Smyth, 


197 


118 




Edward W. Harrington, 


106 


23 


1866, 


Frederick Smyth, 


188 


104 




John G. Sinclair, 


104 


104 


1867, 


Walter Ilarriman, 


181 


101 




John G. Sinclair, 


104 


1 




Scattering, 


•) 


104 


1868 


\\'alter Ilarriman, 


241 


11(1 




John G. Sinclair, 


124 


80 


1869. 


Onslow Stearns, 


185 


2 

132 

123 

33 




1870, 


John Bedel, 
Onslow Stearns, 


100 
202 




John Bedel, 


100 




Sanmel Flint. 


2 


134 
94 




Lorenzo I). Barrows, 


.5 


1871, 


James .\. Weston, 


128 


70 




.lauies Pike, 


189 


209 

108 




Lenuiel P. Cooper, 
Scattering, 


2 
3 


10 


1872. 


Ezekiel -\. Straw, 


214 


1 




.James A. W'estcjn, 


138 


196 




John Blackmer, 


4 


1.32 




Scattering. 


1 


6 


1873 


Ezekiel A. Straw, 


191 


203 




.lames \. Weston, 


99 


102 




•John Blackmer. 


7 



218 



HISTORY OP AMHERST. 



[Chap. 



1874, James A. Weston, 
Luther McCutchins, 
flohn Blackmer, 

1875, Person C. Cheney, 
Hiram R. Roberts, 
Nathaniel White, 

1876, Person C. Cheney, 
Daniel Marcy, 
Asa S. Kendall, 



129 

188 

11 

214 
130 

6 

217 

115 

5 



1877, Benjamin F. Prescott, 204 
Daniel Marcy, 114 

Asa S. Kendall, 4 

1878 (Mch.), Benj. F. Prescott, 203 



Frank A. McKean, 
1878 (Nov.), Natt Head, 

Frank A. McKean, 

Warren G. Brown, 
1880, Charles H. Bell, 

Frank Jones, 



124 
197 
101 
10 
225 
124 



An alphabetical list of the voters in the town of Amherst 
on the second Tuesday of March, 1843, with the dates of 
the deaths and ages of those wlio had died, and the ages of 
those who were living, 1 June, 1882, so far as ascertained. 

Those marked with a * have deceased. 



*Abbott, Henry 



died 26 March, 1868, 



ayed 84 



*Atherton, Charles H. 




« Jan., 1853, 


79 


*Austin, Asa 




27 Dec, 1843, 


29 


*Austin, Saul 




24 March, 1881, 


93 


*Averill, Chandler 




6 July, 1853, 


43 


*Bailey, Leonard 




19 Aug., 1872, 


85 


*Barrett, Henry R. 




15 Oct., 1867, 


75 


Barrett, Philip S. 


64 






*Barron, Solomon R. 




19 March, 1882, 


65 


*Bakhvin, Reuel 




7 April, 1849, 


70 


*Ball, Mason 








Bates, Moses C. 


66 






*Benden, Thomas M. 




2 April, 1848, 


57 


*Bennet, Jonathan, 




20 Feb., 1849, 


73 


Bennett, Alden B. 


65 






-*Bills, Jabez 




3 Nov., 1857, 


63 


Bissell, Lemuel 


82 






*Blood, Lemuel 




7 May, 1857, 


69 


Blood, Minot 








Blood, Simon A. 








*Blunt, David W. 




3U April, 1868, 


72 


*Boutell, Caleb 




22 June, 1845, 


78 


Boutell, Francis K. 


63 






Boutell, Robert 


78 






Boylston, Edward D. 


68 







X.] CHECK LIST — 1S4.S. 210 

♦Hoylston, Richard di.-.l 10 .Inly, 1«57, aged 75 

*Hoylstnii, Kicliard W. 1:5 Nov., 1.S45, 2ti 

♦Hoyiitoii, Closes IS ,Iidy, 1S5S, 60 

Hradlmry, .I(is('{)li 8. 

Hrowii, John 

♦Brown, John Dalton 29 May, 1879, 60 

♦Brown, Sainncl 17 Any., 1854, 74 

♦Brown, Saniu.'l F. 2:5 Nov., IS H, 34 

Brown, William UU 

Brown, William, jr. 

♦liullard, Xahum 2() March, ISDO. 53 

♦Biirnham, .\sahel 

Butler, William .\. 

♦Carter, William 11 Nov. ,1875, 88 

Carter, Henry W. 

♦Carter, Siiueon 8 June, 1856, 71 

♦Carlton, Peter 10 Aug., 1859, 52 

♦Caldwell, David 

♦Caldwell, Duslin (i Aug., 1875, til) 

Caldwell, Isaac F. 





8 June, 


1856, 




16 Aug., 


1859, 




23 Sept., 


, 1856, 




(i Aug., 


1875, 


64 








7 July, 


18:.:J, 


61 








6 Nov., 


1857, 




8 July, 


1859, 




Aug., 


1856, 



♦Cami>bell, Daniel 7 July, 1853, 75 

Cam])l)ell, Charles H. 

♦Chickering, Isaac 6 Nov., 1857, 56 

♦Clark, Calvin 8 July, 1859, 74 

♦Clark, Daniel Aug., 1856, 92 

♦Clark, Ebenezer 

♦Clark, p:zra Dexter 8 June, 1859, 52 

♦Clark, Thonui.s Jetterson 27 Feb., 1876, 65 

♦Cleaves, James B. 18 Nov., 185U, 30 

Condis, Isaac 77 

♦Converse, Kbenezer 25 .\ng., 18()1, 82 

Ct)nver.se, Charle.s 





25 Aug., 18()1 


(il 




<i2 






21 Oct., 1851, 




21 Oct.. 1851, 



Conver.se, Rufus 

♦Crooker, Enos B. 21 Oct., 1851, 40 

♦Crooker. Mel/.ar 21 Oct.. 1851, 51 

Crooker, James M. (Jlj 

Crosby, Jo.scph Fitch (!2 

Crosby, Josiah D. 

♦Damon, Benjamin 11 Nov., 181(!. 83 

♦Damon, Stephen 31 May, 1854, 65 

♦Danforth, Jacob 15 Nov., 1851, 85 

Dant'orth, (ieorge 75 

*Dan{orth, Timothy 17 Mav, 1855, 77 



220 



HISTORY OF AMHERST. 



[Chap. 



*Danforth, Simeon C. 




died 21 July, 1869, 


aged 83 


Danforth, Charles C. 


69 






Danforth, Daniel 0. 


65 






*Danforth, William 




2 March, 1849, 


46 


*Dane, Xathan 




12 Dec, 1865, 


60 


Dane, Timothy 








David, Barnabas B. 


79 






*David, Charles H. 


_ 


7 Oct., 1880, 


65 


David, John 0. 


68 






*Dickey, James 




13 March, 1856, 


83 


*Dickey, Thomas M. 




24 Jan., 1846, 


61 


Dinsmoor, John 0. 








*Dodge, Calvin 




6 June, 1853, 


38 


Dodge, Perley 


82 






Dow, Samuel 








*Duncklee, Ebenezer 




3 Sept., 1867, 


78 


Duncklee, Ebenezer Taylor 


66 






*Duncklee, Levi 




21 Jan., 1872, 


70 


Duncklee, Sylvester J. 


62 






Dutton, Samuel 








*Eastman, Cyrus 




17 Dec, 1862, 


75 


Eaton, Edmund 








Eaton, Harrison 


64 






*Eaton, Loammi 








Elliott, David 








*Elliott, Roger 




14 Aug., 1851, 


87 


Felton, Hii'am G. 


68 






*Ferrell, Daniel 




25 July, 1868, 


68 


*Fisk, David, jr. 




29 Jan., 1882, 


90 


*Fisk, David, 3d 




22 June, 1873, 


80 


*Fitch, Francis P. 




23 Dec, 1874, 


68 


*Fletcher, Daniel 




15 Oct., 1873, 


77 


*Fletcher, George W. 




4 March, 1882, 


75 


*Fletcher, Joseph 




30 Aug., 1843, 


78 


*Fletcher, Merrill 




3 July, 1877, 


78 


*Fletcher, Robert 




18 Sept., 1863, 


61 


*Fletcher, Sew all 




12 Sept., 1855, 


54 


*Follansbee, James C. 




17 Dec, 1879, 


79 


*Ford, John 




21 Sept., 1848, 


74 


*Fowle, Joseph 




27 May, 1874, 


81 


*Fuller, Israel 




23 Feb., 1864, 


86 


Fuller, Israel, jr. 


76 






*Gardner, George B. 




29 April, 1843, 


34 



X.] 



CHRCK LIST — 1843. 



221 



Goodwill, William E. 
fiowing, .losojih 
♦Gould, Henjaniin 
♦Grater, Francis 
♦Grater, Francis, jr. 
*Green, Amos 
*Green, Charles 
*Gutterson, Eli S. 
*FIadlock, Kendall 
Iladle.v. .John !,. 
Hall, i^)bert 
*IIanscomli, (Jcorno 
* I lardy. Elbridge 
Hardy, EU.rid-e, jr. 
*IIarradtMi, Isaac 
*Hartsliorn. Daniel 
*IIartsliorn, Kdwartl. 
♦Hartshorn, dotham, 
♦Hartshorn, Timothy 
*IIarvill, .losejth 
♦Ilarvill, Joseph K. 
Ilaivill, Thomas IM, 
llascltine, Charles 
*Ilaseltine, .John 
*IIa.sting.s, Benjamin 
*IIaydi'n. Thomas W. 
♦liaydrii. Willai'd 
Mlildn-th, dacol. 
Mlil.hvlh.dacol.. 2d 
Hildivth. .Inlin Ilartw, 
♦llildivtii. dotham 
•Hills, Franklin M. 
* 11 ills. .Moses 
Hodgman, Timothy 
Holt, Charles 
Holt, Clark 
Holt, Edwin M. 
♦Holt. Ezra 
Holt, Israel P. 
Hooper, William 
♦Howard, Henry 
Howard, Herbert 
Howard, Levi 



Jll 



(52 



7:5 



s;} 



76 



m 

7G 



1 .liily, 1S15, 


aged 77 


3 Jan., islo. 


ill 


If) Jan., 1S.")7, 


.')!) 


1 Feb., 18li0, 


83 


9 Jan., 1.S7;J, 


55 


If) May, 18(5:5, 


44 


1 Oct., ISoi, 


68 


27 July. ISCI. 


68 


1 April, 1S71, 


(59 



.)(» July, lS(it;, 

20 Feb., 1S71, 
22 Aug., 18.')4, 

21 Sept., 1878, 
25 Oct., 1868, 

5 March, 1853, 
2(5 Dec.. 1870. 



5 Aug., 18(55, 

9 Oct., 1870, 

21 Sept., 1849, 

21 March, 1881, 

2(5 Feb., IS.'jl, 

May, 1819, 

10 Oct., 1868, 
26 April, 1875, 
18 Sept., 185.5. 



Aj.ril. 18(50, 



l.'i April, 1871, 



90 
75 
75 
79 
60 



84 
81 
42 
68 
70 
40 

63 
55 
74 



66 



83 



222 HISTORY OF AMHERST. [Chap. 



Howard, Rodney 


64 






♦Hubbard, Amos 




died 30 Jan., 1858, 


aged 74 


Hutchinson, Josiah U. 








Jepson, Benjamin 








*Jewett, Josiah 




21 April, 18.53, 


83 


*Jewett, Joshua 




May, 1869, 


56 


*Jewett, Robert 




16 Nov., 1865, 


61 


Jones, Levi 




11 Oct., 1858, 


68 


Jones, Timothy 


88 






Joslin, Levi 








*Kearney, Thomas 




2 Nov., 1854, 


75 


Kendall, Leonard 








♦Kendall, Xathan 




10 Aug., 1846, 


91 


*Kendrick, Benjamin 




13 Dec, 1853, 


74 


Kidder, Benjamin 








* Kidder, Josiah 




28 May, 1849, 


70 


♦Kimball, Jacob 




1 Aug., 1849, 


81 


♦Kinson, George 




2 Oct., 1867, 


67 


Knight, Jonathan 


82 






♦Lakeman, Joseph 




30 March, 1851, 


8.5 


♦Lakeman, Levi 




27 Aug., 1837, 


58 


♦Lawrence, Aaron 




1 Sept., 1867, 


63 


♦Leavitt, Benjamin 




June, 1848, 


54 


♦Leavitt, rJohn 




13 Aug., 18f)2, 


78 


♦Love joy, James 




7 Dec, 1876, 


74 


♦Love joy, John 




30 July, 1870, 


58 


♦Lovejoy, Jonathan 




9 Dec, 1843, 


81 


Love joy, Mark 


65 






♦Lovejoy, Miles 




27 Aug., 1871, 


53 


♦Lovejoy, Stephen 




20 May, 1852, 


79 


♦Lovejoy, William H. 




3 Jan., 1874, 


73 


Lowe, Cyrus C. 


63 






♦Lowe, David 




8 Jan., 1867, 


80 


Lowe, David Perkins 


6.5 






♦Mace, Joseph 




2 June, 1864, 


54 


♦McCluer, Asa 




4 June, 1870, 


76 


♦McConihe, Levi 




11 April, 1873, 


60 


♦McKean, David D. 




25 March, 1877, 


67 


♦Mack, John 




16 July, 1854, 


75 


Mack, Charles E. 


61 






IMarvell, John 


67 






♦Means, Robert 




24 April, 1863, 


54 


Melendy, Bryant 


81 







X.] 



CHECK LTST — IS).'?. 



223 



Mplondy, Charles 
*Moleii(ly. IlaiiiiKoii 
.Mcl.MHly. I.iitlicr 
*.Mcl(Mi(ly. Xathauirl 
*M(>l<'ii<ly. SaiiiUL'l H. 
*M("lcu(ly, U'illiain 
*.MeIviii, Davi.l 
*Mel/.ar, Abraliaiu 
*Mnore, Hugh 

* Moore, John 
Moore, Samuel C. 
*Moulton, Daniel 
*Mnulton, John 
*Xoyes, Aniinial 
*Xoyc's, Moses 
Xoyes, William 
*N'utt, George A. 
*X'iitt. Samuel 
*()l)er, .John 
Ober, Samuel 
*()(lall, William 
Osgoofi, .loel F. 

* Parker, Ephraiin 
*l'arker, Jonathan 
*i*arker, .losiah 
Parker, Josiali Merrill, 
Parker, Thomas B. 
Parker, Truman 
*Parkhurst, Henry 
I'arkhurst. Henry, jr. 
*I'arklinrst, Silas 
*i'arkhurst, Spalding 
i'arkhurst, Stillman 

* Patch. Timothy V. 

* Patterson, Jesse C. 
*Pattee, Lemuel Xoyes, 
P<>al)oJy, Samuel 
*Peabody, Stephen 
Peabody, Matthew T. 
Peacoek, Ezra W. 
♦Peaooek, Put'us 
♦Peaeoek. William 
Peacock, William F. 



.^4 



ss 



died •_»;? dan., isso. 





is July, 1S4.S, 


>ii 




7 Nov., 1S77, 


77 




ll? March, 1808, 


77 




P2 Jan., 1801, 


73 




13 Fel)., 18(54, 


80 




7 .March, 1854, 


SS 




•28 Oct., 1862, 


80 


fifi 








7 flune, 1S45, 


73 




18 May, 18(51, 


40 




2S April, 1S72, 


73 




IS April, isyf), 


91 


80 








(5 July, 1S4.-), 


30 




1 Feb., 1S4.-). 


57 




•Js March, iSdT, 


60 


72 








Nov., 1850, 


73 


74 







64 



10 Oct., ls.-,(). 
20 Sept., 1S45, 



4 Aug., is4r), 

5 April, ls4(). 



32 

85 



76 






71 








211 Feb., isdl. 


82 


74 








lit Feb.. Is77, 


70 




12 .Vpril, 1SS2, 


72 


63 








1 Oct., 1S6S, 


67 




1 A|Mil. l^Tit. 


66 




is Jan.. I-^IT. 


6S 



38 
70 



;Y 


OP AMHERST. 


[Ch 


ap. 




died 81 Dec, 1S67, 


aged 61 


7(1 










2.') June, 1S()(), 




87 




3 .March, 1861, 




83 




5 ,Jan., 1866, 




60 




26 Jan., 1864, 




62 




1868, 




52 




11 July, 1875, 




90 




19 Jan., 1855, 




36 




2 .Alarch, 1868, 




82 




Oct., 184.5, 




64 




22 May, 1882, 




65 




28 Aug., 1852, 




58 


70 










18 Xov., 1862, 




59 




3 Dec, 1843, 




92 




18 Oct., 1855, 




76 



224 HI5 

*Pearsons, Francis E. 

Perkins, Elbridge F. 

*Perry, Ebenezer 

Perry, Lorenzo D. 

* Phelps, Amos 

*Phelps, Almond 

*Phelps, Daniel 

*Pratt, Edward H. 

*Pratt, Loea 

*Pratt, Stephen H. 

♦Prentiss, John 

*Prescott, Ezra 

♦Prince, George 

♦Prince, .Tames 

Prince, John 

♦Prince, Luther 

♦Prince, Solomon 

♦Putnam, Elijah 

Putnam, Elijah, jr. 78 

Putnam, John C. 

Raymond, Charles A. 60 

♦Raymond, Perley 

♦Read, Samuel 

♦Read, Walter 

Richardson, Zaccheus 

♦Riddle, Albert 

♦Rhoads, Alfred H., 

♦Rhoads, Charles 

♦Rhoads, Eleazer 

Rhoads, Warren 74 

♦Russell, David 

♦Russell, James 

Russell, Josiah 82 

Savage, William T., 69 

Sawtell, Eli 81 

Sawtell, Henry I. 

Searles, Thomas 

Secomb, Daniel F. 62 

♦Secombe, John 20 July, 1856, 77 

Secomb, Levi J. 78 

Shaw, George H. 75 

♦Shattuck, Francis M. 14 Jan., 1876, 57 

♦Shepard, Benjamin 6 Oct., 1864, 78 



4 Sept., 1873, 


80 


1 Dec, 1877, 


70 


7 Aug., 18.59, 


51 


17 May, 1848, 


29 


1 Nov., 1873, 


63 


27 June, 1855, 


84 


7 Jan., 1882, 


84 


27 Dec, 1872, 


65 



X.] 

♦Shopard, i^cii jainiii V. 
*Slii'panl, -John 
*Shepar(l, Luimiius 
♦Shepard, Xi'lieiiiiali 
*Shepard, Samuel I^. 
Skinner, Joshua F. 
Snutli, Laiiydon 
♦Spalding-, Matthias 
*Stearns, Eleazer 
Stearns, Iliram D. 
*Stearns, .Tamos 
Steele, Al>ial 
*Steveiis, Daniel F. 
Stevens. William 
*Ste\vart, Da\id 
•Stewart, Horace 
*Stewart, Afoses R. 
Stewart, William 
♦Stiles, Lewis 
*Stiles, Walter L. 
Taylor, Daniel Hamilton 
Taylor, John 
Thissell, Josiah 
♦Thomas, Charles 
Thomas, William 
♦Thompson, Oliver 
Towne, Luther 
Towne, Samuel 
Truel, Kli 
Truel, Jacol) 
♦Tuttle, Charles H. 
♦Twiss, Dimou C. 
♦ri)ham, Isaac 
*Uphani, Jacob 
*Upham, Jacol), jr. 
♦Cpham, Phinehas 
♦Tpton, -Tohn 
♦Vose, Samuel 
Walker, George 
♦Wallace, Andrew 
Warren, John 
♦Wasson, Horace 
Webster, .John 
15 



CHRCK LIST- 


— 1S4;5. 


225 


dic 


• iL's June, isn6. 


aged 52 




Sei)t., 1S55, 


78 




11 March, ls4n. 


63 




:.'-J July, 18.';7, 


70 




2 Feb., 185:3, 


36 


75 
7.1 






( J 


•_>•-> May, 1865, 


95 




.March, 1846, 


80 


79 








lf» .ran., IS.'vl, 


79 


77 








121 .Jan., 18:.L\ 


57 




30 Aug., 1880, 


81 




28 :May, 1S71, 


55 




l;5 June, 1868, 


83 


68 








2:3 .March, 1S7.5, 


79 




2.-) July, 1875, 


59 


71 






77 








22 Aug., 1S(;2, 


44 




li Dec, 1S77, 


87 


76 






71 






66 








16 Dec, issd, 


63 




19 Jan., 1861, 


87 




12 April, 1869, 


67 




1 April, 1810, 


83 




11 Oct., 18:i0, 


61 




16 .\i.ril, 18(13, 


67 



68 



1.") March, 1857, 
23 Sept., 1S56, 
13 Nov., IS 17, 



57 



73 



226 



HISTORY OF AMHERST. 



[Chap. 



Webster, Moses 
*West, Joseph C. 
*Weston, Daniel 
♦Weston, Ebenezer 
*Weston, Isaac 
*Weston, Isaac Plainer 
* Weston, William J. 
Wheeler, David 
*Wheeler, Daniel 
Wheeler, Franklin 
♦Wheeler, Gardner G. 
♦Wheeler, Oilman 
♦Wheeler, Isaac 
♦Wheeler, John N. 
♦Wheeler, Jonathan 
♦AVheeler, Nathan 
♦Wheeler, Porter 
♦Wheeler, Timothy 
♦Wheeler, Timothy, jr. 
Whittemore, Bernard B. 
AVhiting, Benjamin B. 
♦Whiting, Nathaniel 
Wiley, Levi H. 
♦Wilkins, Aaron 
♦Wilkins, Daniel 
♦Wilkins, Thomas 
♦Wilkins, Samuel 
Wilkins, Saniuel, jr. 
♦Wilson, Simeon 
Wilson, Thomas F. 
Woodward, Alfred A. 
♦Woodward, Isaac 
Woodward, Samuel 
♦Woolson, Ezra 
♦Woolson, Henry P. 
♦Woolson, Nathaniel 
*Wyatt, Foster 





died 3 March, 1859, 


aged 53 




20 Aug., 1872, 


67 




12 June, 1846, 


84 




23 Jan., 1869, 


84 




23 Jan., 1879, 


67 




1 Oct., 1863, 


53 




10 Dec, 1867, 


78 




22 May, 1865, 


39 




10 Dec, 1872, 


55 




20 June, 1870, 


89 




29 Nov., 1859, 


68 




March, 1844, 


49 




21 Oct., 1864, 


59 




23 Nov., 1870, 


58 




5 Feb., 1853, 


79 




24 Dec, 1878, 


75 


H4 






68 








30 Oct., 1843, 


64 




30 June, 1862, 


84 




6 June, 1847, 


57 




15 Nov., 1868, 


76 




2 May, 18-57, 


65 


61 








1 Sept., 1«67, 


79 




27 Jan., 1874, 


67 


66 








25 .Alarch, 1862, 


73 




.. 16 Sept., 1844, 


80 




31 July, 1859, 


40 




5 Dec, 1844, 


49 




5 Feb., 1882, 


86 



Average age at time of death of 225 who have deceased, 
^^TT5 years. 



Average age, 1 June, 1882, of 80 then living, Tlf^ years. 



X.] rONSTITUTIONA[. CONVENTIONS. 227 

Avcnijjc aire of tliose who have deceased and those now 
Hviiiu-, whose aues ai"C known, (39 years. 

Nnniher whose anes have not been aseertained,;)S. Many 
of them are now liviip^': none Ix'inu" less than <I<) years of 
age. 

'I'he al)()\(' is |)i'()hal)l\ no unusual I'eeoi'd at tlie present 
time in eountry towns like Amherst, 'i'he average dura- 
tion of human life has inereased duiiu'j the last century. 
How much more it might be lengthened did all know and 
obey the laws that govern it I 

CONSTITITIUNAL CONVENTIONS. 

At a meeting held 30 March, 1778, Col. Moses Nichols 
and Lieut. Keid)en Mussey were chosen to represent the 
town ill a convention to be held at Concord on the tenth 
day of June following, for the purpose of "forming and 
laying a permanent plan or system of government for the 
future happiness and well being of tlie people of this State." 

The convention met at the time proposed, and, after 
liolding a short session, adjourned. It met again 5 June, 
1770, adopted a plan of government, and made prosision 
for laying it before the people, for their acceptance or rejec- 
tion. It may l)e lound in Dr. Bouton's Town Papers, Vol. 
IX. pp. 887-842. 

-Vt a meeting held ti Se|)tember, 177'.', the town voted to 
accept the plan of government for this State which was laid 
ln'fore them. 

Ihit a majority of the voters in the State thought difTer- 
cntly and the proposed constitution was rejected. 

-Vnother convention was called, to meet at Concord on 
the siH'ond 'i'uesday of June. 1781, to form a idustitution 
for the State ; but the town, at a meeting held 24 ^[ay, 
1781, voted '"not to send any delegates to the })roposed 
convention." 

This convention held two sessions, — one in June, and 
another in Septend)er. — and agreed upon a plan of govern- 



228 ' HISTORY OF AMHERST. [Chap. 

ment, which was kiid before the people, accompanied liy an 
address explaining its provisions and the necessity for 
adopting them. 

The proposed constitntion was laid before the town at a 
meeting held 26 December, 1781, and a committee, consist- 
ing of Capt. Josiah Crosby, Lieut. William Bradford, Dea. 
Samuel Wilkins, Mr. Nathaniel Haywood, Lieut. Thomtis 
Burns, Mr. Peter Woodbury, Col. Nahum Baldwin, Mr. 
Timothy Smith, and Mr. Reuben Mussey, was aj)pointed 
"to consider and remark on said constitution," and lay 
said remarks before the town. 

hi order, probably, to give the committee time to prepare 
their " remarks," the meeting was adjourned to 7 January, 
1782, when the committee was enlarged by the addition of 
Mr. Samuel Dana, Capt, William Dana, and Mr. Thomas 
Wakefield, to its number, and the meeting again adjoui-ned 
to the 15th, at two o'clock in the afternoon, at which time 
tiiey met ; but things not being in readiness another 
adjournment, for one hour, took ])lace. On meeting at the 
expiration of the hour the " remarks " of the committee 
were laid before the meeting, and it was voted not to accept 
the said constitution or plan of government as set forth in 
printed copy ; — but voted, unanimously, to accept the con- 
stitution, with the several amend riients made by the com- 
mittee appointed for tliat purpose. 

Voted and chose Mr. Samuel Dana to attend the conven- 
tion at its next session, and enforce said amendments. 

Col. Nahum Baldwin, Mr. Joshua Athcrton, and Mr. 
Thomas Wakefield were chosen a committee to prepare 
said amendments. 

This constitution was rejected by a majority of the voters 
of the State. 

The convention that formed it met on the fourth Wed- 
nesday of January, 1782, and, finding it was rejected by the 
people, adjourned to the third Wednesday of August fol- 
lowing, when they again met and formed another constitu- 



X.] CONSTITUTIONAL CONVENTIONS. 229 

tion, wliich they laid before the people. This constitution, 
like the piecedijig one, was acconij)anied by an achiress to 
the peo))le. 

()ii this constitution the town took action at a mectinj!; 
held ijy Xo\ ember, 1782, at which they " voted not to 
accept the proj)osed constitution of the State of New 
Hampshire."' 

A committee, consisting of Capt. William Dana, Capt. 
John Bradford, Capt. Augustus Lovejoy, and Capt. He/e- 
kiah Lovejoy, was appointed to examine said constitution 
and report Ihei'eon. Timothy Smith and Lieut. Ebcue/cr 
Weston were subsequently added to the committee. 

At a meeting lield 23 December, 1782, after hearing the 
rrpoit of the above committee, the town voted, unanimously, 
to accept the proposed constitution, with the amendments 
proj)osed by the committee. 

18 March, 1783, 

" N'oted, tliat the present plan of government abide in force, while 
tiie year 1781, unless a more permanent plan should take place 
antecedent to that time." 

20 October, 1783, 

•• Noted to adhere to the I'urnicr phni of government, that is, to 
have a Governor." 

•' Voted, with reference to the proposed alteration of the eighth 
article of confederation and perj^etual union between the thirteen 
states of America, that the reasons for tlie proposed alteration do not 
preponderate with us (with due deference we say it) as they did with 
the Honorable Congress, as appears hy their address to the several 
states respecting this matter. Xor are we of the same sentiment with 
our own legislators, who appear to be convinced of the expediency 
and utility of the measure, as by their address to this State of the 
twentieth of June past. 

NVe are humbly of opinion that a strictly equal and just }ilan or 
rule for taking a valuation is almost, if not wholly, impracticable _ 
Vet we think no rule can be devised subject to fewer objections than 
from valuation of the soil, &c., taken in and by each state. We 
therefore hereby instruct and empower our representative to use 
every decent and lauclable means in his power to prevent the proposed 
alteration." 



230 HISTORY OF AMHERST. [Chap. 

1 January, 1788. Daniel Warner, Esq., Joshua Atlierton, 
Esq., Samuel Dana, Esq., John Shepard, Esq., Rev. Jeremiah 
Barnard, Augustus l^lanchard, Esq., Rev. John Bruce, 
Gen. Moses Nichols, Col. Robert Means, and Dea. Samuel 
Wilkins, were appointed a committee to examine tlie 
Federal constitution, wlio reported that they could not recom- 
mend the constitution to the acceptance of the town, in its 
present form. 

15 January, 1788, 

" Chose Joshua Athertoii to represent the town in the Convention to 
be held at Exeter, to take under their consideration and decision the 
proceedings of the P'ederal Convention, relative to the new form of 
government. 

Voted not to approve of s'd Constitution as it now stands."- 

The convention met at Exeter in Febi'uary. But very 
few records of its proceedings remain. A report of a 
speech made by Mr. Atherton on section 9, article 1, has 
however been preserved, as it^deserved to be. 

Following- Mr. Dow, of Weare, a member of the Society 
of Friends, who spoke sensibly and feelingly against the 
adoption of this section, several other members spoke in 
its favor, with remarks upon what Mr. Dow had said, after 
which Mr. Atherton spoke as follows : 

Mr. President: I can not be of the opinion of the honorable gentle- 
man who last spoke, that this paragraph is either so xmjust, or so 
inoffeusive, as they seem to imagine, or that the objections to it are 
so totally void of foundation. The idea that strikes those that are 
opposed to this clause, so disagreeably and so forcibly, is, hereby, it is 
conceived (if we ratify this constitution) that we become consenters to 
and partakers in the sin and guilt of this abominable traffic, at least 
for a certain period, without any positive stipulation that it shall even 
then be brought to an end. We do not behold in that valuable 
acquisition, so much boasted of by the honorable member from 
Portsmouth, ^ that an end is then to be put to slavery.' Congress may be 
as much or more puzzled to put a stop to it then than we are now. 
The clause has not secured its abolition. 

We do not think we are under any obligation to perform works of 
supererogation m the reformation of mankind ; we do not esteem our- 



X.] MR. atherton's speech. 231 

selves under any necessity to go to Spain or Italy to suppress the 
Inquisition of those countries, nor of making a journey to tlie Caro- 
linas to abolish the detestable custom of enslaving the Africans : but, 
sir, we will not lend the aid of our ratification to this cruel and 
inhuman merchandise, not even for a day. 

There is a great distinction in not taking part in the most barbar- 
ous violation of the sacred laws of God and humanity, and our 
becoming guarantees for its exercise for a term of years. Yes, sir, it 
is our full purpose to wash our hands clear of it, and, however uncon- 
cerned spectators we may remain of such predatory infractions of the 
laws of our nation, however unfeeling we may subscribe to the 
ratification of manstealing, with all its baneful conse(iuences, yet I 
can not but believe, in justice to human nature, that if we reverse the 
consideration, and bring this claimed power somewhat nearer to our 
own doors, we shall form a more equitable opinion of its claim to this 
ratification. 

IvCt us figure to ourselves a company of these manstealers, well 
equipped for the enterprise, landing on our coast. They seize or 
carry off the whole or a part of the town of Exeter. Parents are 
taken and children left, or possibly they may be so fortunate as to 
have a whole family taken and carried off together by these relentless 
robbers. What must be their feelings in the hands of their new and 
arbitrary masters I Dragged at once from every thing they held dear 
to them, strii)ped of every comfort of life, like beasts of prey, they are 
hurried on a loathsome and distressing voyage to the coast of Africa, 
or some other cpiarter of the globe where the greatest price may waft 
them, and here, if any thing can be added to their miseries, comes on 
the heart-breaking scene — a parent sold to one, a son to another, 
and a <laughter to a third ; brother is cleft from brother, sister from 
sisttr. and parents from their darling offspring. Broken with every 
distress that human nature can feel, and bedewed with tears of 
anguish, they are dragged into the last stage of depression and 
slavery, never, never to behold the faces of one ancjther again. 'J'he 
scene is too atYecting; I have not fortitude to pursue the sul>ject." 

'riic lucn and women of the jU'eseiit generation have I'el) 
the elt'eets of the system of At'riean shi\eiy tolerated l»y 
the fathers. 

With the light of experience around us, may we not 
wish that the objections made to the adoption of the consti- 
tution, made by the delegate from Amherst, had Iteen 
heeded by the convention. 



232 HISTORY OF AMHERST. [Chap. 

After a short session in February, the convention 
adjourned to meet in Concord the following June, where, 
on the twelfth day of that month, the constitution was 
ratified by the delegates of the people of the State of New 
Hampshire, the votes standing 57 in favor and 46 against 
it. Of the delegates from Hillsborough county, 6 voted in 
favor, and 16 against its ratification, and 3 did not vote. 
Among the latter was the delegate from Salisbury, Capt. 
Ebenezer Webster, father of Hon. Daniel Webster. 

At a meeting held 8 August, ITl^tl, Joshua Atherton was 
chosen delegate to attend a convention to be held at 
Concord on tiie first Wednesday of September following. 

The town voted, at a meeting held 7 May, 1702, not to 
accept tlie amendment to the sixth article of the constitu- 
tion of New Hampshire. 

On the 29th day of August, 1792, voted, unanimously, to 
accept the amendments proposed by the Honorable Conven- 
tion, under the heads, Senate, Governor and Council, and 
sent out to the people for their ratification, 33 votes being 
cast in favor, none against them. 

After the adoption of the amendments to the constitution, 
in 1792, propositions for a convention to make further 
amendments met with but little favor, the town voting 
almost unanimously against them, until 11 March, 1850, 
when 75 votes were cast in favor of calling a convention, 
and 120 against it. A majority of the votes cast in the 
State at that time being in favor of calling a convention, 
Andrew Wallace, Esq., was chosen delegate from Amherst 
to attend it, receiving 80 votes to 56 for Timothy Danforth. 

The amendments to the constitution proposed by this 
convention failed to receive the sanction of the people. In 
Amherst, but three of the fifteen amendments proposed 
received a majority of the votes cast. The majorities 
against the others varied from 10 to 126. 



X.] rONRTITrXIONAL CONVENTIONS. 233 

At the annual meeting in Marcli, 187G, 89 votes were 
cast in favor of callin*^ a convention to amend the constitu- 
tion of the State, and 76 a,o;ainst it. 

A romcntioii h;i\iiii:' hccn cmIUmI l»y the le^trishiturc. Rev. 
Josiah (i. Davis was chosen delegate to represent the town in 
that hodv, receiving 142 votes to 41 cast for Perlev Dodge, 

The convention met at Concord in the following Decem- 
ber, and agreed upon several alterations in the constitution, 
which were generally adopted by the peoj)le at the annual 
meeting in Mnrcli. 1877. 



234 HISTORY OF AMHERST. [Chap. 



CHAPTER XI. 

THE FIRST AND SECOND MEETING-HOUSES. 

VOTES OF THE PROPRIETORS IN RELATION TO BUILDING A MEET- 

ING-HOQSE. A DAY APPOINTED FOR RAISING THE FRAME, 

PROVISION MADE FOR FINISHING IT. THE HOUSE PASSES INTO 

THE POSSESSION OF THE TOWN. VOTES IN REGARD TO THE 

ACCOMMODATION OF THE " QUIRESTERS " AND OTHERS. THE 

HOUSE PRESENTED TO THE COUNTY FOR A COURT-HOUSE. 

REMOVED TO THE COMMON, AND BURNT. BUILDING THE 

SECOND MEETING-HOUSE. VOTES IN RELATION TO IT. 

EFFORTS MADE TO CHANGE ITS LOCATION. AMPLE PROVISION 

MADE FOR RAISING THE FRAME. SALE OF PEW GROUND, AND 

REGULATIONS IN REGARD TO BUILDING PEWS. DEDICATION OF 

THE HOUSE. VOTES IN RELATION TO THE SINGERS' SEATS, 

AND REPAIRING THE HOUSE. SALE OF THE MEETING-HOUSE, 

AND RESERVATIONS MADE BY THE TOWN. ITS REMOVAL AND 

REFITTING BY THE FIRST CONGREGATIONAL SOCIETY. CENTEN- 
NIAL CELEBRATION OF ITS DEDICATION. 

At a meeting held 6 August, 1735, the proprietors voted 
to build a meeting-house on the plot of ground lately laid 
out for the purpose. 

14 February, 1737-38, they voted to build a meeting- 
house, 45 X 22 feet, the posts to be 22 feet in length, finish 
the outside, and build a pulpit by the last day of October, 
" come twelve months." Capt. Joseph Parker, Ensign 
Thomas Tarbox, and Lieut. Cornelius Tarble, were chosen 
a committee " to build it or lett it out." 



XL] THI-: FIRST mf:rting-house. 235 

11 July, 173S, Capt. Ebenezcr Raymond and Mr. John 
Wiles were added to the coniinittoe, and, as ('apt. Park(M- 
deelinod servinir. Capt. Josejih Ricliardson was ehoscn Id 
scfsf in his stead. At (iiis nu'etinu' an assessment of <£3 
was made on eaeh ri,t;ht, to defray tlie expensi! of Ituihling" 
the house and hiying out a seeond division of h)ts. 

27 December, 1738. The IGth day of May foUosvinu- was 
selected as the day on which to raise the frame of the 
meeting-house, and Cajjt. Ebenezer Rayment was desired to 
make provision for the same. 

10 May. 173*J. Twenty shillings for each right was 
ordered to be paid to the treasurer for defraying the nu-et- 
ing-honse charges, etc. 

20 May, 1741. A tax of £1811 was levied on the rights 
for the purpose of linishiug the meeting-house and defraying 
other chai'ges. 

14 Decemlier. 1742. .f(»hn Shepard, Jonathan Tarble.and 
TiuKjthy Fuller, were ap|)ointed a committee to agree for 
linishing tlic meeting-house, but, 18 ()ctol)er, 1743, the- 
pni|ii-ictor> 

" N'utt'd that a committee, consisting of Jost'ph I'riiice, Samuel 
Walton, and -John Shepard, must gitt tlie meetiiig4ionse hoardeif, tlie 
Hower laid, the body st-ets made up, the pulpit made, and the Doors 
made and hung as soon as can he." 

10 February, 1743-44, they 

•• \'oted that they will doe sonu^thing toward linishing tlu^ meeting- 
house : viz., I'laphoard it, make the window-frames, crown and glaze 
them, point the ground pinting, and prime the tiew boards, window- 
franu's, sashes, and doors, and, in ca.se there is not an Indian war, 
the ne.\t fall, laith and plaster the walls and ceiling, as the comnuttee 
shall think lit." 

Deacon Taride, t'apt. John Shi'pard, and Mr. Fbenezer 
IHlenwood, were appointed a committee to .see the above 
work done. It was also voted that the next meeting of the 
proprietors shoidd be held in the meeting-house, where, 
pursuant to this vote, it was held, 30 June, 17-44-4o. 



236 HISTORY OF AMHERST. [Chap. 

It is to be hoped that the house was made comfortable 
for tlieir reception ; certainly it was no small undertaking to 
hold a meeting in such a place, without fires, in mid-winter. 

Provision was made for finishing the meeting-house, and 
for meeting other charges, at a meeting held 21 September, 
1747. 

At a meeting held 23 May, 1750, they voted that they 
would do nothing more to the meeting-house that year. 

26 June, 1751, they " voted to finish the meeting-house, 
or some part of it, this summer," and appointed Lieut. 
Moses Barron, Andrew Bradford, and Ebcnezer Lyon, a 
committee to get the work done ; but, 26 September 
1753, they refused " to appoint a committee to settle with 
the committee appointed to finish the meeting-house. 

This is the last recorded act of the proprietors in regard 
to building and finishing the meeting-house, an undertaking 
which occupied about fourteen j^ears. After the incorpora- 
tion of the town, it seems to have passed into the possession 
of the town, and its preservation became, for a time, a town 
charge. 

As the population of the town increased, the house 
became too small to accommodate the people who resorted 
to it on the Sabbath. Hence, perhaps, the visitors from 
Monson, who had no meeting-house of their own, and paid 
nothing for the support of preaching, were unwelcome 
guests. Some traces of the feeling against them may be 
found in the recorded votes of the town at that time. 

23 July, 1767, the town was asked to allow the men to 
occupy the whole of the front gallery of the meeting-house, 
and also " to appoint seats for the Quiresters to set in, in 
order to improve Psalmody, or religious singing " ; but 
both applications were denied. 

14 March, 1768, Daniel Campbell and Benjamin Taylor 
were appointed a committee " to make so much more room 
in the meeting-house as they shall think proper," and =£13, 
8s., and 6d. was voted to defray current charges. 



XI.] THK SKCOND MRF/nNO-IH )l SK. 2*^7 

.I(jse|)h StiM'l Mini WiHi:iin Wallace [(rotcstiMl auaiiist this 
irraiit of iiidik'V, dt'ciaiiim- thai thcv would not |iav any part 
ol' it imtil it was decided wlK'tliL'i- the house heloii^^od to 
the |iro|)rietors or the town. 

4 Decenilter, 1771. Andierst was now the shii-c town of 
the county of Hillsl)oroULih, and acconiniodations were 
needed for the sessions of the courts. The town had 
alrea(l\' xotcil to hnjld ;i new meet inu'-hoiise. and at a ni<'rt- 
inti" held this day they 

" N'utcil Id give, niaiit, ami I'tnvvt'r <iiiitclaiiii. ;ill our riglil, tilli-, 
interest, claim, and property of, in, ami nnto, our old nieetiiig-hoiise, 
in said Amherst, to the justices of tiie Court ol" (Jeneral Sessions of 
the Teace in and for this County, for the use of the County, reserving 
to ourselves the right to congregate in said house from time to time, 
as we may see meet, for the space of two years from this time, with- 
out liaving the house made inconvenient for our meetings during that 
time, and reserving tlie right of removing the rn!]tit from tiic house 
at any time during the two years aforesaid. I'loviili'il tli ■ Justices 
cause a new County jail to l>e erected within ItJO rods of the meeting- 
house as it now stands ; otherwise, the ahove vote and every clau.se 
tlnTi'in conlaiiii'd to lie void." 

The jail was '" erecteil " : the new meeting-house was 
Itiiilt ; and the old one passed into the possession of the 
county, destined, ere long, to be removed to ''the plain," 
and to he ]tiirilied iiy lire. 

THE SECOND MEETINC-lloCSE. 

At a iiKM'linn- held 4 October, 177<i. the town voted to 
build a nieetinu-house for })ublic worship and to set the 
same ii|)()n the most convenient place on the training 
field, in said town, and make it seventy-li\e feet in length 
and h>rty-ti\e feet in width. They also voted to raise one 
Imndred and lifty pounds lawful money, to (hd'ray the 
the expenst' (d' Imilding said honse. 

Robert Head, Samuel McKean, Archelaus Towne, dolm 
Shepard, jr., and Moses Nichols, were appointed a commit- 
tee to superintend the work of building the liouse, and they 



238 HISTORY OF AMHERST. [Chap. 

were authorized to settle and fix upon the partieuhir spot of 
ground, in said field on which to erect it. 

25 October, 1770, at a meeting held this day, the town 
voted to " cut the meeting-house short of what had pre- 
viously been voted five feet, and the same in width, viz., 
five feet." They directed the building committee to add to 
the house " a steeple at one end and a porch at the other 
end thereof." The committee was also directed to cause 
the frame of the house to be raised, boarded, and shingled, 
within twelve months from that date. The height of the 
sills from the ground was left to their discretion, and when 
any particular job of work was needed toward the building 
of the house, they were to notify the people, and employ 
those who would do it on the most reasonable terms. 

Armed with these directions, it would seem that the 
committee was prepared to go forward, but a storm was 
gathering. The people of Monson, so recently annexed, 
were dissatisfied. They had lived in the old town twenty -four 
years with no public building but a pound, and to be called 
upon to assist in building a meeting-house was a new ex- 
perience. The settlers around Shepard's mills, in Amherst, 
disliked the ))lan. The people in the north-west part of the 
town objected to it, as it added half a mile to their journey 
to meeting, and it was objected to by Chestnut Hill folks 
on the same ground ; and a meeting was held 6 November, 
1770, in the interest of the disaffected ones, to see if the 
town would " vacate, annul, destroy, and make void, every 
act or vote of said town lately passed, relative to building a 
meeting-house on the training field in said town," to see 
"if they will enlarge the present meeting-house so as to 
make it convenient for the public to meet in for some time 
yet to come," and, finally, "if they should be induced to 
build the house expressed in their late vote, to see if they 
will vote to set it in the centre of the town." 

The above queries were summarily disposed of at the 
meeting. On the article first named the town " voted in 



XL] THE SECOND MEETINC-HOrSE. 28lt 

the ncf^ativc," the mcctiiiL^ bein<2; <ni;ili(ie(l. Tlwv tlioii 
voted "to ratify, estalilish, and conlinu every vote hereto- 
fore passed rehitive to the new proposed incctinir-house." 
They also voted to dismiss the eoiisideratioii of the two 
next qneries. 

Another cffoi't to chanu'e tlie loi-atioii of the house w;is 
made at the aiiiiual town meeting;. 1 1 Mareh. 1771. at \\lii<'li 
propositions were made "to reconsider the vote alreadv 
passed for setting said house on the |tlain." "To see if the 
town, u]»on consideration of a far snpeiior ])laee. with 
respect to underjjinning said house, dry land, and a location 
nearer the centre of the town, will vote to set said house 
on the west side of the road, near the shoj) of Mr. Cheever, 
so called," and, if voted in the neiiative, "to see if they will 
chuse a coui-t's committee to establish a jilaee for said 
house," all of which were rejected. Tiionias Wakelield was 
chosen " new meeting-house treasurer," and the work of 
building went forward. 

At a meeting ludd 26 August, 1771. the town voted 
that the building committee "provide driid< for raising the 
meeting-house — that is, for the spectators, Ac." 

"Voted, that said Coiniinttet^ 2'i'o^''"'*^ Xew Eii-^daiid nini for the 
raisins; the meeting-house frame in this town for sneh as shall do the 
labor of raising, and for all spectators, according to their discretion, 
not exceeding eight barrels." Voted, also, "that said Conunittcc 
provide for the raising of said house one barrel of sugar (l>ro\vn 
sugar), for the use of the laborers and spectators, to be distributed 
acconling to the discretion of said committee." 

The committee was also authoi'i/.ed to procui'e a sulliciency 
of \ irtiials and drink b>r such as should labor in raising said 
house, while laboring, viz., one, two, or three, meals a day, 
as the laborer's should re(piire. They were also directetl to 
hire the < Jem, etc. 

What the (Jem was does not clearly api)ear; but, with the 
amjde preparations made by the town and the amount of 
victuals and drink provided for the occasion, the fathers 



240 HISTORY OF AMHERST. [Chap. 

must have had a spirited raising. Doubtless they lifted 
with a will, and the massive timbers were slowly set in their 
places, under the direction of the master builder, Deacon 
Barker. During the intervals of relaxation from the solid 
work before them, running and wrestling matches were in 
order, in most of which, if tradition is to be believed, 
"Sam" Wilkins, the minister's son, afterward deacon of 
the church, was the chief champion. His greatest exploit 
on the occasion was that of running a short distance with 
the chairman of the building committee, who weighed about 
the sixtli of a ton avoirdupois, upon his shoulders. 

At a town-meeting held 4 December, 1771, it was voted 
to allow the accounts of the committee appointed to build 
the new meeting-house, and the accounts of the workmen 
employed by them. 

The town also voted that tliev would finish the outside of 
the new meeting-house next summer, clapboard and glaze 
it, and finisli the steeple every way complete, and lay the 
lower floor in said house. One hundred and sixty pounds 
lawful money was granted to defray the expense that has 
already arisen in building the house, and the building com- 
mittee was authorized to complete the work above men- 
tioned. 

14 November, 1772. The town 

" Voted to sell by auction the pew ground on the lower floor of the 
meeting-house to the highest bidder of the inhabitants of this town, 
the money arising from the sale to be applied to defray the expense 
of finishing the house." 

Daniel Campbell, Joseph Gould, and Stephen Peabody, 
were appointed a committee to sell said pew ground ; Dan- 
iel Campbell refusing to serve on the committee, Ephraim 
Hildreth was appointed in his stead. 

By a vote of the town passed at this meeting there were 
to be three tiers of pews on the south side, one tier on the 
north side, and two tiers each on the east and west ends. 
Alleys were to be left between the pews and seats, and 



XL] 



THR SECOND MHI-rriNC-IIOUSK. 



■2\-\ 



lictwccii the pews. The size oi the pew uToiiiid lots \v;is Icl't to 
the discretion of the eonunittee. The sale ol' the i)e\v 
jri'DUiul was to he within one month IVoni tlie time of this 
meetim:, an<l the purchase money was to he paiil into the 
meetinii-lionse treasnr\' within thi'ce months Ironi tlu- time 
of the sah>. 

The |iews were ordered to he hnilt within twelve months 
from this date, and in a nniform mannei'. if they were 
not liuilt within the time, and in the manner specified, the 
sale of the urcKind to the person or jiersons failing to com- 
ply with the conditions was to he void. 



y^ 




THE SECOND MEETINC-llOUSE. 



'I'he honse was so far comphited that it was formally 
dedicated to the jinhlic worship of Ood on the I'.'th day of 
.lannai-y, 1774, which date, curionsly j)ainted in gold, in old 
Knglisli h'tters, on a jjancl in front of the singers' gallery, 
directly oi>positc the |)nlpit, ha-^ l.eiMi. in h\-<j-one yc^ai-s. an 
16 



» 



242 HISTORY OP AMHERST. [Chap. 

enigma to more than one of the younger members of the 
congregation. Of the gathering on that occasion and the 
sermon preached by Mr. Wilkins, no written records 
remain. Tradition affirms that the discourse was to some 
extent an historical one, treating of matters connected witli 
the settlement of the town and the formation of tlie churcli. 
If so, its loss is to be regreted. 

After the public services at the meeting-house, it is said 
that the visiting clergymen were entertained at the house 
of Pastor Wilkins. While partaking of their dinner, of 
which hasty pudding and milk formed a part, the newly 
elected deacon, " Sam " Wilkins, told them a ludicrous 
story of his experience in catching a sheep, which pleased 
the reverend fathers, and " the pudding flew well." 

14 March, 1774. A projiosition to choose a committee to 
procure a good hd\\ for the meeting-house was rejected by 
the town ; also, one to " allow the singers a seat in the new 
meeting-house that Psalmody may be carried on with 
greater regulation." Fifty pounds sterling money was 
voted to defray the new meeting-house charges, etc. 

22 June, 1774, Daniel Campbell, Lieut. Kendrick, and 
Israel Towne, jr., were appointed a committee to examine 
the accounts of the meeting-house and pew committees. 

9 March, 1778. The town voted that the seats in the 
front gallery, in the meeting-house, from the women's seats 
to the first pillar in the men's, be granted for the use of a 
number of persons skilled in singing, and Ephraim Barker, 
William Low, Amos Stickney, Abijah Wilkins, and John 
Kimball, were appointed a committee for seating said seats. 

31 March, 1779. The town voted to accept the report of 
the committee appointed to adjust the accounts of the new 
meeting-house and pew committees. 

30 October, 1815. A committee consisting of William 
Low, David Stewart, and Andrew Leavitt, having reported 
that the meeting-house needed some repairs, the town voted 



XI.] THE SRCONO MEETING-HOFSR. 24-^ 

that said committer lie autlinii/cd to make sucli repairs as 
wcri' iicct'ssary. 

March, iSlS. Tlic town rt'l'iiscd to |aii-clias(' stoves for 
Ihc nicctinLi-hoiisc. 

Kor scvt'ial years, eltorts were made to induce the town 
to prox idc for warminir the meetinfj^-lionse during Sunday 
sci-\ ices : l)ut when the matter was hrouj^ht up in town- 
meetiuii'. a majoi-ity of the voters steadily refused to make 
an appropriation for the purpose. Perhaps tliey thought 
it well to have the lem])erature of their house of worship as 
unliki' as possihle to that ol the repiite(l al)od(' of h^st 
s|)irits. Wood was cheap, and they could assemble at the 
taverns near Ity, wIhm'c mine liost always had good fires 
liurniuLi-, ai-ouud which they could gather, talk politics, 
discuss the foi-euoon's sermon, — the two being frequently 
identical, — diink (lip, — or something stronger, — watcli the 
boys, and get in good shape for the afternoon's cam|)aign. 
The fairer half of creation took refuge in the neighboring 
houses, where they were welcomed to good fires and just 
as the bell rung, furnished with a plenty of live coals to fill 
the liie l)oxes in the little foot stoves they carried. 

.So, they worshiped. Some, however, were not satisfied, 
aiul occasioiuilly used the columns of the Cabinet to give 
vent to th(>ir feelings. One of these who evidently had a 
realiziug sense of what was before him and his fellow 
suffereis, thus wr(jte in the Cabinet of -b December, 1818 : 

•• Kveii tin- InilidnA have stoves in their meeting-house. Is it not 
astonishiniT that ririlizeil and inlightnitil people have none ; but that 
they nearly freeze tlieniselve.s and children every SaM>ath in the 
winter, wlien the trifling' expense of our dnllar each would make them 
eonifortablc '.' A word to tlie frozen will, we hope, be sudicient to 
make them — weather wise." 

The subject was again l)rought up at the next annual 
meeting, but the town refused to take any action upon the 
subject. Fimilly, in 1824, some stoves were procured by 
individiiiil siiliscri})tions and |)laced in the meeting-house. 



244 HISTORY OF AMHERST. [Chap. 

Still the house was a cokl, uncomfortable place, until 
it was removed and remodeled in 1836. After that time 
foot stoves were dispensed with, and the few that now 
remain are shown as curious relics of the past. 

March, 1821. The town voted to shingle the meeting- 
house, and make such repairs of the clapboarding and 
doors of the same as were necessary ; also voted to paint the 
house, and William Fisk, William Low, and David McG. 
Means were appointed a committee to procure the work 
done. They were authorized to examine the stee})le, and, 
if they thought proper, take it down and build a cupola in 
its place. The sum of 1500 was placed at their disposal to 
lay out for the above, and for such other repairs as they 
might see fit to make upon the house. 

In the Avinter of 1832 a movement was made for the sale 
of the house, the town reserving certain riglits and jjrivi- 
leges in the same. The matter was brought before the 
town at the March meeting in that year by appro[)riate 
articles in the warrant calling the meeting. 

14 March, 1832. The town voted to sell the meeting- 
house at auction, with the following reservations : 

1. The town reserved the right to use the house for all 
town meetings, for so long a time as they might wish to 
use it for that purpose. 

2. The town reserved the bell, clocks, and belfry or 
tower, the purchaser to have the right to pass and repass 
through the Avcst doors, as now used, also the right to ring 
the bell for funerals, yjublic worshi]), and other public 
occasions, without expense to the town. 

3. The rights of all owners of pews in the liouse were 
reserved to tliem, and the owners of the organ and stoves 
were to have the right to remove their property from the 
house. 

4. Provided that the purchaser neglected to keep the 
house in repair, so that it should not be as comfortable for 
town meetings as it then was, he should forfeit all rights 



XI.] 



THE SECOND MEETING-HOUSE. 



24.") 



(■(jnveyed by tlic deed, and tlif house should revert to Ihc 
town. 

;"). Previous to the sale of the h(juse all the pews were to 
be appraised by a eommittee of impai'tial men not residing in 
town, and the |iurchasi'r, before receiving his deed, was to 
take and pay for all such pews as the owners might wish 
to sell, provided such owners, within ten days after the sale 
of tlu! lujuse, expressed their wish to sell, liy a wi-iting left 
with the town-clerk. 

(». The purchaser was to receive a deed with the above 
reservations and conditions as soon as the pews were paid 
for, and receive [)ossession at the time of recei\ing his 
(le.'d. 

7. In case the [)urehaser should not, within lifteen days, 
comply with the conditions and take his deed, a deed was 
to he given to the next lowest bidder, if he would take it at 
his l)id, and if not, to the next lowest, if he would take it at 
his bid, and so on, if any will take it at his l»id, provided 
the said right of the town shall not be sold for a less sum 
than one hundred dollars. 

8. Ednuind Parker, David Fisk, jr., John Ma(d<, and 
.Ia<-ol) Ilildreth, were appointed a committee to cairy the 
al»ove vote into effect, and they, or a major part of them, 
were directed to cause the pews to be apjuaised as soon as 
might be, and give a deed of the house according to the 
above conditions. 

The sale of the meeting-house was linally made by the 
town, with the b)regoing reservations and resti-ictions, the 
I'iist Congregational Church and Socii'ty in Andierst being 
the purchasers, and the projierty was transferreil to them 
liy tlie committee appointed for the purpose. 

At a meeting of the First Congregational Church and 
Society ludd 4 January, 1(S36, a committee was chosen to 
ascertain the i>rol>able cost of altering and repairing the 
meetinti-house. 



246 HISTORY OF AMHERST. [Chap. 

6 February, 1836. The committee exhibited a plan for 
an alteration of tlie house and an estimate of the expense 
of the same, and a committee was appointed to ascertain 
the views of the pew-holders on the subject. 

At a meeting held 20 February, 1836, the subject of the 
proposed alterations and repairs was discussed by the pew- 
holders at some length, and it was finally decided to 
abandon the project, and unite in an effort to build a new 
house. 

2 April, 1836, a committee was chosen to make inquiries 
and report at a future meeting what would be the probable 
cost of a new house sufiicient to answer tlie purposes of the 
society as a house of public worship. Another committeo 
was appointed to consult the pew-holders still further in 
regard to the j)roposed alterations of the old house, and 
they were directed to report the result of their inquiries at 
the next meeting. 

23 April, 1836. The committee ap])ointed to iiKpiire 
concerning the cost of a new house reported that they had 
visited the house recently erected in Milford, and estimated 
that one similar to it, which would probably answer the 
purposes of the society, might be built for 85,000. The 
committee to consult the pew-holders reported that sixty- 
five dollars would probably be suflficient to buy all the pews 
that the owners were unwilling to sell at the appraisal. 

After hearing the reports the society voted to reconsider 
the vote to build a new meeting-house, and voted to repair 
the old one. 

Voted to remove the house to a piece of land owned by 
Jonathan Bennett, provided a sum of money could be 
raised by subscription sufficient to purchase the land and 
pay the expense of moving and underpinning the house. 

Barnabas B. David, Daniel Hartshorn, Charles L. Stew- 
art, Jonathan Knight, and Luther Melendy, were appointed 
a committee to superintend the removal and repairs of the 
house. 



Xr.] THE SECOND MF^KTINC-HOUSE. 247 

As the town still retaiuoil an interest in the house, 
reserved at the time oi' its sale, the selectmen, uj)()n applica- 
tion of members of the society, called a town-meetinu", which 
was held -\ May, 183(3, at which the Iduii uave the society 
leave to move the house as proposed. It was also voted 
to convey by deed to the First. Congrejiational Ohiirch and 
Society in Amherst all the title the town had in the land 
on which tlu' striuij;' of horse sheds, ruuninu; north from the 
meetinu-house. stood ; said land to be used by the society for 
the pin|)ose of placing the meeting-house on the same, pro- 
vided the consent of the owners of the sheds l)e (irst obtained, 
the society furnishing a j)icce of land, and removing the sheds 
to it, free of expense to the town or the owners of the sheds, 
and the selectmen were aiithori/cd to make a conveyance, 
as aforesaid, in behalf of the town. 

The town also consented that the society should make 
such alterations in the house, and about the west porch, 
bell deck, and steeitle, as they wished, provided the house 
was left as convenient for town puri)oses as it then was. 

K/.ra Prescott, Ej)hraim lUanehard, and David rnderhill, 
were appointed a committee on the j»art of the town to 
considt with a committee of the First Congi'egational 
Chni-ch and Society resjiecting the accommodation of the 
tow n in said house for town jiurposes. 

At a meeting held '11 August, 1S36, the town voted 
to re|tair the bell-deck and steeple, and that the selectmen 
lie the committee to make such repairs as may seem to 
them necessary for the safety of the town pro|icrty and 
the comfortable apj>earance of the steeple. 

Marcli, 1887. On motion of Hon. Charles II. Atliertou, 
the town voted to accept the hall that had l)een lilted up in 
the meeting-house for a jdace in which to hold its meetings. 

August, 1830. The meeting-house was removed from 
the spot "on the training-lield " where the fathers placed 
it sixty-live years before, to the jdacc it now occuj)ics. Prior 
to its removal, the porch at the east end was taken olV, 



248 HISTORY OF AMHERST. [Chap. 

aftei' which the house was moved to the place prepared 
for its reception. The work of removal was under the 
direction^of Capt. Nathan Call, of Concord, and was accom- 
plished with apparent ease. Mr. Boylston remarked in 
the Cabinet that '■• Capt. Call is as renowned for his 
removals as Gen. Jackson, and has Calls as freqnently for 
his moving powers." The Captain miglit have responded 
that the editor was (piite as much given to " cabinet 
making" as the President. 

ID December, 183i3. Hubbard Newton, Daniel Campbell, 
jr., and Andrew Wallace, Avere appointed a committee to 
appraise tiie pews in the new meeting-house. Mr. Wallace 
not wishing to serve, Deacon Abel Downe was appointed in 
his stead. 

1 January, 1837. The repairs on the meeting-house 
being completed, it was again occupied by the society for 
Sunday services. Tlie exercises on this occasion, under the 
direction of the pastor, Rev. Silas Aiken, were a]j})ropriate 
and of a very interesting character. 

The centennial anniversary of the dedication of the 
second meeting-house was celebrated with apj)ropriate 
services on Sunday, 18 January, 1874. 

The house had lately been thoroughly repaired, and a new 
organ built by Geo. H. Ryder, of Boston, was used for the 
first time on the occasion. 

Many citizens of Mont Vernon and Milford were present. 
In Mont Vernon the meeting-house was closed to enable 
the pastor and people to join their neighbors in the centen- 
nial exercises. 

The forenoon- was occupied by the delivery of a higldy 
appropriate historical discourse by tlie pastor. Rev. Dr. 
Davis. 

In the afternoon Rev. Mr. Ruland, of the Methodist 
church, gave a short address. Rev. Mr. Heald gave an 
historical sketch of the Baptist church, and Rev. Dr. Keeler, 
the acting pastor, gave an interesting historical sketcli of 



XI.] THK SKCUND MKKTINC-HOUSK, 240 

till' cIiiiitIi ill Moiil ^'l'^n()l^ t'ornu'rly the Sl'<;()ii(1 ]);irisli in 
Aiahcist. 

<)ii the aftcniooii of ^[()ll(l;l\^ I'.' .laiiiniry, a mi'ctiiiu' was 
liclil at the tuuii-liall at wliicli lv-\. Hr. |)avis prcsidrMl. A 
very interest iiiu' liistoiieal sketeli ot the chiireli in .Mili'ord, 
lornierly the Third parish in Amherst, \v;is given by 
William 15. 'I'owne, \']si\.. oi' .Miliord. and reminiscences of 
many of the inhabitants <jf the town in former times were 
liiven by other speakers. 

An organ concert at the ehiireh in the evenint:' (dnclii(h'<| 
the centennial services. 

Tlie lionse is now in good repair, and it.s maN.si\e timliers 
promise a eontinnance for centnries. fjong may it l)e 
spared from tlie lire ami tempest, a connecting link between 
|)resent and by-gone generations. 



250 HISTORY OF AMHERST. [Chap. 



CHAPTER XII. 

THE TOAVN MINISTRY. 1741-1835. 

grants for the support of preaching. settlement of mr. 

wilkins. grants for his support. mr. wilkins chosen 

minister by the town. votes in relation to his salary. 

failure of his health. — arrangements made for a 

supply of the pulpit. mr. blydenburg in7ited to 

settle as colleague. protest against his settlement. 

mr. foster invited, but declines. mr. barnard in- 
vited. — protest against the action of the town. mr. 

Barnard's answer. — meeting of the ordaining council. 

MR. LIVERMORE's ACCOUNT OF ITS PROCEEDINGS. PROTEST 

AGAINST MR. BARNARD'S SETTLEMENT. PROCEEDINGS OF THE 

TOWN. DEATH OF MR. WILKINS. ANNUITY VOTED TO MRS. WIL- 
KINS. — ORGANIZATION OF THE FIRST PARISH. SETTLEMENT OF 

MR. Barnard's salary. — the parish organization aban- 
doned. the MUSSEY lawsuit. SALE OF MINISTERIAL LAND 

and division of the proceeds. mr. barnard called to 

account. settlement of a colleague proposed. mr. 

Barnard's letter. — settlement op mr. lord. — the unita- 
rian CONTROVERSY. DEALINGS OF THE TOWN WITH UNITA- 
RIANS AND UNIVERSALISTS. VOTES IN REGARD TO MR. BARN- 
ARD'S TAX. MR. LORD RELINQUISHES A PART OF HIS SALARY. 

NEGLECT OF THE TOWN TO PAY MR. BARNARD'S SALARY. — MR. 

LORD DISMISSED. DEATH OF MR. BARNARD. MONEY RE- 
CEIVED FROM THE SALE OF THE MINISTERIAL LAND DISPOSED 
OF. THE TO^\TSr MINISTERS. 



XTT.] TFIK TOWN MINISTIO'. '251 

THE TOWN AND PAItl^ll "\lINISTkV. 

At ii nicofiiii:- lirld -1 I )r.Tiiil)ri-, 17;')S, llic proprietors 

" Ndtcil. Iliat tliL' liilialiiluiits oi" Smilifgan N\(!st, No. .'i, shall Draw 
twtiit V l><>iiii(ls out of tlio Tri'ssurv towards there havint; the wonl 
nf (icid i'lrafliei! auKiiiL; tiieiii loi' the next six IllOIltilS." 

17 Jiil.v, liaO, they 

•• \(ite(i, tiiat the iuiiabitaiits of Souhegaii West, Xo. -i, shall liave 
ami Draw out of the 'I'ressury the sum of Twenty pounds toward 
there iuiveiut;' the Word of God Piech(»d anioughts them till the last 
of March next, if they hrim; to the Trossnrer the men's names that 
i'rcriied ten days." 

I 1 D.M-t'mbor, 173!», 

•• Voted, that there l>e an aildition of lifty shillinj;s per day for oaeh 
Sahbath they shall have I'rechiiej; anionghts them." 

■20 M:iy. 1740, 

'• \'nted, that the .setlers of Souhenan shall Inne ami diaw out of 
nur I'ressury .")(( s. each Sabbath day that they have IMeehiny anionths 
them till it is altered by a voat of the jtroprietors." 

:}() April, 1741, 

" Voted, that they Conenr with the choice of a nnnd>er of the Pro- 
l>rietors wlio are setled at Soiihei^an in the choice of Mr. Daniel 
U'ilkins, lieiiijir there minist(M', provided wee can a^ree with him for 
Sallary iS: Settlement." 

'• \'oted, that they will choose a committee to 'Treet with Mr. Dan- 
iel Wilkins about his bcinjj theire minister and Sallary and Srlili-- 
inent, and make report at the next meetini;." 

" Noted tor the Comitee, Mr. Timothy fuller, ('a|)"n lienjamin 
i'otter, Mr. (.'orni'lius Tarble, inr. Joseph Itichardson, \ .loslnia 
Ilieks." 

II .\ii-ii>t. 17 11. 

•' \'oted, that they doe accept the re]iort of the Comittee that was 
chose to treet with Mr. Daniel WilUius about Sallar\ \ Settl.nient. 
and Mr. Wilkins' answar to them winch is on tile." 

'■ Voted, that they will chuse a Comittee to take care ol tiie ordina- 
tion." 

"Voted for the comittee Samuel Walt(tn, Samuel Lamson. \\ illiam 
Lancy, and that it be left to them to appoint the time and advise 



252 HISTORY OF AMHERST. [Chap. 

the Clark that he may put it in the newspaper, and it was on the 23d 
of September, 1741." 

" Voted, that the comittee that is chose to take care of the Oi'dina- 
tion shall not exceed forty Pounds, but as mucli less as tliey can." 

Mr. Wilkins was accordingly ordained on the twenty- 
third day of September, 1741, a chnrch having been formed 
on tlie day preceding. The ecclesiastical conncil that 
officiated on the occasion consisted of nineteen ministers 
and delegates. Rev. Nathaniel Hencliman, of Lynn, was 
moderator, and Rev. Stephen Chase, of Lynn, preached the 
sermon. The other ministers present were Reverends 
Andrew Peters, of Middleton, James Osgood, of Weuliam, 
and James Swan, of Dnnstable. 

15 December, 1741, 

" Voted two hundred and forty pounds be raised for to pay Rev. 
Mr. Daniel Wilkins'es Settlement, Salery, Ordaination, and other 
charges." 

14 December, 1742, 

" Voted, that Com'te's acc't about the ordination be allowed & p'd." 

18 October, 1743, 

" Voted fifty Pounds old Tenor as a free gift to the Reverend Mr. 
Daniel Wilkins, to be paid him out of the Tressory." 

30 January, 1744-45, 

" Voted, that they will give Mr. Wilkins sixty Pounds old tenor as 
a gift." 

IG July, 1746, 

"Voted, that they will give the Rev'd Mr. Wilkins Seventy Pounds 
old tenor for the De}ire,Qiating the money and as a free gift foi' this 
Pi-esent year." 

3 November, 1747, 

"Voted, that there be ninety pounds old tenor adission to the 
Reverend Mr. Wilkins, & is in full satisfaction to him till the 11th of 
June past, 1747. 

26 October, 1748. Eiglity shillings old tenor was 
assessed on each I'iglit and ordered to be jjaid to the treas- 



XII.] TIIK TOWN MINISTin. 2')8 

m-cr t(» |i;iy Mv. Wilkiiis's sahiiT, iind (tllicr cliiirLi'i's, lliiil 
miu'ht aiiso in that year. 
•J4 May, 1749, 

" V.it.'.l, tliat till- Kcwivii,! Mr. Wilkins sliiill l,;ivr ;i.l.Ir,| |., Ms 
.^alt-ry five liimdrtMl aiid forty ikhiikLs old tciior liils to make his 
•sallt'iy tour luindied pounds a year ior the two hist years, ending; tlie 
mil of Jiiin- iiL'xt." 

4 July, 1750, 

" \'oted, that tli(M'f 1»' four liuiidrcd pounds old tenor Hiiiscd lo ]>ay 
the IJeverend Mr. A\'ilkin> his Sallery, wliich he accepts in full for all 
Di'pretiations of the. money, ending the lltli of June last." 

26 June, 1751. Two liimdrcd and seventy j)oiin(ls wa.s 
added to Mr. Wilkins's salary to make it four ImndiiMl 
pounds from 11 June, 1750, to 11 June, 1751. 

Li4 June, 1752. Voted four Innidred ]>ouu(ls ohl Icnor 
for Mr. Wilkins's salary for the year endinii' 11 June 1752. 

21) Septenilter, 175o, Voted to allow Mr. Wilkius live 
hundred pounds old tenor for his salary for the last auij the 
present year. 

1C) April, 1755. Five hundred pounds was voteil as 
salary to Mr. Wilkius for the year 1755. 

Is May, 1757. Sixty-six pounds, thirteen shillings, four 
pence, lawful siher money, of the Frovinee of Massnehn- 
sctts Bay, was i>-ranted Mr. Wilkius for his salary for the 
year 1756, and lifty-three ]»ounds, six shilling's, eight penee, 
like monev, for his salarv for the vear 1757. 

'This is Iho last reeortl found on the the j)r6prietors' liook 
of money raised by thcui for the support of Mi'. Wilkius. 

Frobably grants for that purpose continued to be made 
by them from year to year, until 2 Ai)ril, 1760, when the 
charue of his su|)i)ort was assunu'^d by the town. 

The town, havinii- oi-;j;anizcd under the charter, met 2 
April. 170O, for the |iur|)ose (jf choosing a minister ami 
|)roviding for his sujiport. Joseph (Jould was chosen mod- 
erator, and, on motion. Rev. Daniel Wilkius was chosen 
minister of the town, and it was 



254 HISTORY OP AMHERST. [Chap. 

" Voted to offer him foi-ty-seveu pounds and ten shillings sterling- 
money of Great Britain, annually, or its equivalent in the currency of 
the Province, to be stated, npon Indian corn at two shillings per 
bushel, and pork at two pence p'r pound, sterling money, during tlie 
time he shonld continue to discharge the duties of the ministry in this 
place, and one lialf that amount during his natural life after age or 
infirmities had unfitted him for labor in his calling, the same to rise 
or fall as the prices of the connnodities named rose or fell from year 
to year." 

They also voted five hundred pounds old tenor as salary 
for the ])resent year, and chose a committee to prefer the 
votes of the town to Mr. Wilkins and return his answer. 

The committee waited upon Mr. Wilkins and subse- 
rpiently laid before the meeting his answer to their commu- 
nication, as follows : 
^'■Beloved Brethren in our Lord Jesii!< Chrisf : 

I think that I can truly say that I have labored amongst you in the 
work of the Gospel ministry near nineteen years, not for filthy lucre, 
bnt of a ready mind, and, as I have spent the prime and flower of my 
days in the honorable and laborious work of the Gospel ministry 
among you, so I am willing to be spent and worn out in the same 
service. ((), that God would make us mutual blessings to each other 
with respect to this life and especially that whicli is to come.) In 
testimony whereof, I now declare that I accept your vote preferred to 
me by your Committee for my support in the work of the ministry 
among you, viz., forty-seven pounds, ten shillings, sterling money of 
Great Britain, or Province currency equivalent, upon the standard of 
corn and pork as it is inserted in your warrant, that is to rise and fall, 
the sum above mentioned, as those commodities rise and fall, not in 
the least doubting but that, as I communicate to you spiritual things, 
so you will communicate to me of your temporals as y'r abilities 
advance and my necessity calls, and furthermore, I accept of the one 
half of said sum if my life should continue beyond my strength and 
ability to carry on the work of the ministry among you. And now 
the salutation of your very humble servant in our Lord Jesus Christ. 
i wish Grace, Mercy, and peace, may be multiplied to you all in life, 
and a crown of unperisliing glory at death. 



Amheest, April ye 2d, 1760." 



XII.] THE TOWN MTNTSTIiV. 2')/) 

At ii mootinu' lidil 11 Ocloljci-, 17<!2, a coinmittoi' was 
(•JKiscii •' to tn-at w itli Rev. Mr. Wilkiiis aliDiit his salai-y 
the |trcs('iit ami |»recodin_L!,' years."' who siil»sr(|U('Mf Iv 
iTpoiicd llic rcsiiH i»r (jit'ii- Ijihors, w hcr('ii|M)n the (own 
voted to adxaiicc his sahiry this year live pounds stcrlini^ 
nioiicy ot (Ircat iJritaiii. al)ovc the llity pounds assessed 
last yi'ai-. 

{•'or some eauso not now apparent this vote seenis not to 
ha\(' lieen entirely satisfactory to the minister, as we (ind the 
loHowinu" article in the wan-ant tor the nieetinu,' in March, 
17t;:^, : 

'• Td SCO if the town will try oiicf moiv. l>v tln'riisrivLvs. or Uy lln-ir 
a^Piits (if they see tit to constitute any), to compoinul and a;4ree with 
their minister aliont his salary from the time they made their eontract 
with him in the cajiaeity of a town, until the elevi'uth day of June 
ni'xt, ill oiilri to ol)tain his lecciiit oi- receipts in full for saiil tiTiii." 

\'\H)u consideration of this article the town appointoj 
William .lones, John Smith, i^JulMMl Alussey, William 
Peaitody, and Joseph Steel, a committee to compi-onuse 
matters with .Mr. \\'ilkiiis. 

The committee |)resented their rejtort, and a plan for 
settlement satisi'aidory to ^fr. Wilkins. at a mcetiiiLi; Indd 
24 March, 176-5, when it was i-ea<l. aicepted. and adojttcd. 

An arti(de was inserted in the wariant calliiii:' a meetint; 
held 8 March, 1773, 

"To see if the town would hire a candidate tor the gospel ministry 
to preach with them a few Sabliaths the ensuinjf sprinL,s and if .so, to 
choose a committee to invite and enfjane a <;;entleman, and j^ive them 
such ilirections concerning the matter a.s they .should think tit." 

ihit the town 
" N'oted, that they would not act on the article." 

At a meeting held 22 May, 177o, the town voted to hire 
preaching for tiie term of three montiis, if need lie, and 
appointed Samuel Wilkins. Daniel Camjjhell, Ebenczer 
Weston, and IVter Woodluiry, a committee to jirocure 
l>reachers. 



266 HISTORY OF AMHERST. [Chap. 

14 August, 1775, the town voted to liire preaching until 
their annual meeting in March, 1776, and directed the 
committee appointed at the meeting in May to procure 
preachers until that time, securing tlie services of Rev. Mr. 
Goodhue, if possible. They also voted that Mr. Wilkins\s 
salary, from 11 June, 1775, to 11 June, 1776, should he 
thirty-three pounds, six shillings, and eight pence, lawful 
money. 

21 October, 1775. John Shepard, jr., Joseph Gould, 
Richard Gould, Amos Flint, and Thomas Burns, were 
appointed a committee to treat with Rev. Mr. Wilkins 
relative to his future salary and ministerial functions, and 
make report to the town. 

28 November, 1775, the town 

"Voted that, in their opinion, R<n'. Mr. AYilkins was not capal>le of 
perforniini;- his ministerial fnnctions." 

At the same time they amended the vote passed 14 
August, 1775, by voting that his salary, from 11 June, 
1775, to 11 June, 1776, should be forty pounds lawful 
money, instead of the sum at lirst voted. 

11 Marcli, 1776. Capt. Josiah Crosby, Ricliard Gould, 
Benjamin Kenrick, Reuben Mussey, and Joseph Gould, 
were appointed a committee to treat with Mr. Wilkius for 
the purpose of adjusting and compounding matters with 
him relative to his salary for past and future time. Also, 
voted to hire preacliing for the term of three months from 
this time, and Samuel Wilkins, Daniel Campbell, and 
Robert Means, were appointed a committee to employ such 
young preachers as they might think proper during said 
time. 

30 April, 1776, voted "to hire preaching six months, 
commencing 11 June, 1776," and directed the committee to 
procure the services of Mr. Swetland, if he could be hired. 

The committee appointed to settle with Mr. Wilkins 
reported at a meeting held 18 November, 1776, that they 



XII.] TiiK TOWN MrxisTrtv. 2r>T 

Ii;h1 IxM'ii ;ilil(" ti) scltlc with liini only U)V tlic yoiirslTTl 
jind 177'). Their i-cporf, which rcc()inin('ii(U'(l the iiiiyiaciil 
of one hiiinlrcil |ioiiii(ls Miis.sachu.'^ott.s tcn«>r to him, for 
those vear.s, was a(h>|)fe(l, and it was voted to pay him 
forty-live |tonnds lawful money, as a sahiry fi'om 11 Juiu.', 
177t>, to 1 1 June, 1 777. 

Voted to liii-e |ireaehinLi' until March, 1777, and appointeil 
haniel Campliell. ilohert Means, and Sammd Wilkins, a 
committee to procure penchors. 

Voteij sixty |):)unds lawfid money to he laid out in 
preachini!'. 

At the meetiuii' held 10 ^lareii, 1777, voted to hire 
preaehinji; for the term of six months next comini:'. James 
Seaton, Nahum r>ald\\ in. and William ( Idall. wei'e appointe(l 
a committiH' to |»roenre preaehers, and direeted to :ipply to 
Mr. Swetland to presieh three months on j)robation. 

2 SeptemluM", 1777. the same eommittee was authori/ed 
to hire preachers for six months from the lltli day of this 
month, and it was left iliscretionary with them what eentlc- 
lunn or ucntlemen to employ. 

24 Xovemlier. 1777. \'oted that the committee l)C 
instructed to invite Mr. John lilydenljuru,' to preach until 
the next annual meeting, uj)on probation. 

Mr. Ixenlieii Mussey, Capt. Josiah Crosby, Mv. 'i'imothy 
Smith, and ^Ir. James Seaton, were api»ointed a committee 
to adjust accounts with Rev, Mr. Wilkins, who reported at 
a meeliiiLi- held 9 December, 1777, that they fonnd a balanee 
due him of four jionnds, six shillini^s, and seven pence, 
which re|torl was accepted, and the sum named was voted 
to be paid. 

24 February. 177s. Voted to join with the church in 
iriviuii- Mr. John lUydeniturn- a call to settle in the gospcd 
ministry. n|>on the Cambridire platform of cluireh govern- 
ment, and Peter W'oodburv, Amos Flint. Reuben Mussey, 
Nahnm IJahlwin, and Thomas Wakelield, were ai)pointed a 
(•ommittee to make a draft or j)lan of what encouragement 
17 



258 HISTORY OF AMHERST. [Chap. 

and salary it would be proper to offer him as a settlement 
and yearly salary, and in what it would be proper to state 
and pay said encouragement and salary. 

9 March, 1778. This committee made a report, which 
was accepted, and an invitation was extended by the church 
and town to Mr. Blydenburg to become the colleague 
pastor of Mr. Wilkins in the ministry in this place. 

The following {»rotest against liis settlement was lumded 
in after the meeting had adjoui'iied, and a demand made 
that it should be placed upon the town records : 

" INIarch 9, 177S. 

" To the freeholders: (ind /cf/nl voters of the /own of Aiittierst assiinliled Inj 
adjournment : 

Gentlemen : You will jtlease to oliscrve and allow this a jilace on 
the records of this day. 

Tliat we, the suliserihers, having;- a le,;al i'i_t;iit to A-ot;_' and act in this 
nieetiuy, take this nietrliod to at-qiiaint you that we protest and disseni 
to the settlement of Mr. John Blydenhin-L;- as a minister in tiiis town. 
That is to say, we are entirely against it. 

John Averil, John Mills, 

AVilliani Bradford, jr., Stephen Peahody, 

John Cole, Joseph Perkins, 

Joseph Fanium, Ezekiel Upton, jr., 

Stephen Farnum, Thomas ^Vcston, 

John Ilarwood, Eli Wilkins, 

Nathan Jones, Jonathan Wilkins, 

William Lamson, James Woodbury." 
Joseph Langdell, 

It will be noticed that the signers to this paper were 
residents of that part of the town A\diich Avas afterward 
known as the North-west or Second ]»a,rish of Andierst, 
and later as the town of Mont Ycrnon. 

The invitation given Mr. Blydenbui-g was, fortiniately 
perhaps for the town, declined. He shortly afterward 
rclin(piished preaching, and engaged in trade in Durham, 
N. H., where he died in October, 1836, aged eiglity-nine. 
He graduated at New Jersey College in 1777. 



XII.] TIIK TOWN MIMSTItV. -'i\> 

*» ./illy, 177s. Lieut. Ivciilieii Miisscy, (';i|il. .losiali 
Cru.sliv, :iii(l Solomon Kilt n-ilirc, uitc !i|i|)oiiitt'il a com- 
mittee to adjiisl a(;'-oiiiits with Ki'v. .Mr. Wilkiiis iVom I 1 
.Iiiiic 1 777, toll .hinc, 177S. 

Till' rommittt'c reported, lo July. 177>,llial Mr. Wilkiiis's 
salaiy amouiite<l to £178, 2s.. ('xl., reekoiiiiiu" liKliaii corn 
Jit fifteen shilliuii-s per husliel, and pork at one shilliii'/ 
sixpence per p )uui|, lawful moiii'y. ami their repoi't was 
accepted. 

'24 Aim'iist. 177n. I)ea. Uoiitell, lleniamin Havis, and 
Samuel Seatoii, were* appointed a eoniniittee to hire jii-ea(di- 
inu- until the next March meeting, and they were to use 
their own discretion in the .scdection of preachers. 

At a meeting held 1.') Keliriiary, 177'.'. they were directed 
to invite Mr. lOdmiind Fo.ster to j>reach upon prol)ation until 
the next annual meeting, a!id -31 ^firch. 177'.>, the town 
voted to eoiieui- with the ehureii in giving him a call to 
settle in the gosjxd ministry in this |»lace. Dca. Samuel 
Wilkins, Dea. John Seaton, and Thomas Wakelield, were 
appointed a committee to lay a |»lan and draft of what 
eiieoui'agement as a settlement and yearly salary it might he 
|»i'oper ti> olTer him, in what it should lie stati'd and |iaid, 
and lay the same before the town. 

This committee reported at a meeting ludd o .May, 177'J, 
and their report was accepted. They then prepared ami 
presenteij Mr. Fostei- a call to become their pastor, but the 
invitation was de(dine(l. He was settled ut Littleton, 
Mass., 17 .raniiary, 17>^1. and dieil there. 

7 June. 1771', it was voted to hire preaching six months 
longer, antl Denjamin Davis, Samuel Sciiton, and IJenjamin 
Kenrick, were appointed a committee to procure preachers 
during that time. Thomas Wakelield, Honjamin Davis, 
and Moses Harron were constituted a committee to adjust 
accounts with Rev. Mr. Wilkins, ami they jtresented a 
rejiort of theii- doings, at a meeting held 2'.' June. 177'.', 



260 HISTORY OF AMHERST. [Chap. 

which the town refused to accept, and referred tlie matter 
back to them for further consideration. 

5 August, 1779. A committee consisting of Ricluird 
Gould, Samuel Seaton, and Benjamin Davis, was appointed 
to settle with Mr. Wilkins for the year ending 11 June, 
1778, who reported, 6 September, that there was due him 
for that year's salary a balance of fifty-three pounds, reck- 
oning Indian corn at fifteen shillings per bushel, which 
would purchase seventy bushels of corn ; but Mr. Wilkins 
proposed to be satisfied with money enough to buy thirty- 
five bushels of corn, at fourteen dollars per bushel, which 
report was accepted. 

The committee to whom the settlement with Mr. Wilkins, 
for the year ending June, 1779, was referred, again reported 
at this meeting. They found due him, for salary that year, 
the sum of X973, 13s., lawful money, reckoning Indian 
corn at fourteen dollars per bushel, and pork at eight 
shillings per pound. This report was accepted. 

G December, 1779, the town voted to concur with the 
church in giving Mr. Jeremiali Barnard a call to settle in 
the gospel ministry in this town, and appointed Joshiui 
Atherton, Esq., John Shejiard, jr., Esq., Capt. Josiah 
Crosby, and Dea. Samuel Wilkins, a committee to report a 
plan of settlement and salary to be offered him as an 
encouragement to settle as aforesaid, and how to state and 
pay such encouragement. 

The committee reported, at a meeting held 23 December, 
1779, 

" That the town give IVIr. Barnard one hundred and eighty pounds 
Lawful money as a settlement, the one half to be paid within six 
months and the other half within one year after his ordination to the 
work aforesaid. 

Furthermore, that the sum of eighty pounds like money be given 
him, annually, as a salary, to commence at the time of his ordination 
and remain until two years after the end of the present war with Great 
Britain, and that the sum of ten pounds be annually added to the said 
salary after that time ; that the salary in manner aforesaid continue dur- 



XII.] Till-: TOWN MINISTRY. 201 

iiij^liis work of the ministry or jiastural relation in this town, fxccpl thai 
it" l>y sickness or otiier misfortune he be unahle to »lischarj;(' the func- 
tions of his olHce (or at least the principal part of them), he be paid 
in that case only forty pounJs annually during life or till his pastoral 
relation be dissolved, according to the usage of the New England 
chnrehes, ami the foregoing sums to be stated ui>on the following 
articles, at the following rates or prices: viz., Indian Corn at -is. p'r 
bushel, in l\'l)ruiiry ; Heef at 2()s. p'r Cwt., in the middle of Xovem- 
ber ; Hay at thirty shillings per ton, in the Cock; wool at one and 
four pence per lb.; Flax at eight pence per lb." 

Tlif rc|H)it was siuiicd l)y all the iiK'iiibcrs of the coiu- 
iMJtti'f L'XCL'i^t ('apt. Josiali Crosby. Williani I'cahody 
oitjcctiMl to tlic uddilioii of ten pounds yearly to the salary 
after the close of the war. 

The report was aecepted liy the 1(jwn, and Dea. Sam- 
uel Wilkins, Dea. John Seaton, and Joshua Atherton, Esip, 
were appointed a coniiiiittee to wait upon Mr. IJarnard and 
inform him of its action in the premises. 

At tlie same meeting' the following protest from inhal)- 
itants of the north-west jiart of the town was presented : 

"Dec. •_':;, 177!'. Relative to the settlement of Mr. .Jeremiah liarn- 
ard in the gosjiel ministry in this town. We, the subscribers, resident 
in the North-westerly part of tlie town of Amherst, having repeatedly 
petitioned to be set oti as a distinct Parish, and we think we have 
made very reasonable otlers of d(jing our parts of defraying tlie 
charge of nniintaining the gospel ministry and other necessary charges 
while we congregate with this town; but our petitions have liitherto 
iieen rejected: — We, therefore, enter our protest against Mr. dere- 
miali Barnard's being settled in this town, or any other minister while 
uf remain in conjunction witii this tow n. and our reiiuest not granted. 

.Nathan Flint, .bhseph l.angdell, 

•lohn Cole, .lolin Ilarwood, 

I'eter Woodliury, William Hradford, jr.. 

-lohn Mills, .Joseph l.ovejoy, 

.loseph I'erkins, Oliver Carlton, 

Kli Wilkins, .Vbijah Wilkins, 

Sutherick Weston. William I.amson, 

l.araford (;ill>ert, .John Averill, 

.loshua Wilkins, .Jacob Smith, 



202 HISTORY OF AMHERST. [Chap, 

Lemuel Winchester, -loseiih Tuclc, 

Joseph Farmim, Thomas ^^'eston, 

Benjamin Stearns, James Smith, 

Enos Upton, Samuel Stearns, 

Allen Goodridge, Knight Nichols, 

Isaac Weston, Josiah Dodge, 

James ^^'oodbury, Nathan Cole. 

Solomon Kittrcdgc also protested a.!i;ainst the action of 
tlic town, as follows : 

" To tlie freeholders of A ihIk rst, in lo/rii-inr' lni(/ conn iicd, ])< (■< iiih<r^'-\, 
177!) ; 'roirnatiicri (iitd Bnl/inn : 

I am conscientiously of opiuiou that the pur])osos of religion may 
be better answered without, tliau by, settling Mr. Jereiniali ISariiard 
as a minister in this town. Therefore, T hereby protest against his 
being ordained here ; but, after all that has been said, if you proceed 
to settle him, I shall examine and try the legality of your proceedings, 
and, if possible, exonerate myself from paying any of the settlement 
and salary you have voted him. T request that this papt'r nuiy be now 
tilled by the town-clerk, and, as soon as may be, recorded iu the town 
book of records. 

SOLOMON KlTTREIKiK. 

25 January, 1780, the town voted to make the following 
explanations and alterations in the report of the committee 
relative to the sahuy jn'oposed to be paid to Mr. Barnard : 

" Instead of ten pounds to be added annually to the eighty pouuds, 
that it stand and be recorded ninety pounds yearly, iu two years afttu- 
the end of the war with Great Britain. That the hay mentioned in 
the aforesaid report be understood to be English luiy, and that all the 
articles mentioned in the call given by this town to Mr. Barnard and 
upon which the several sums offered him as a settlement and salary 
are stated, are understood to be good merchantable articles." 

7 February, 1780. Samuel Seaton, Dea. Sanuiel Wil- 
kins, Amos Flint, Jonathan Smith, and Benjamin Davis, 
were appointed a committee to make the necessary provision 
for the ordination of Mr. Barnard, in case his answer should 
be in the affirmative. It was also voted to allow the 
account of the committee for supplying the pul})it. 

The committee appointed by the town, having presented 



XII.] THK TOWN MINISTRY. 203 

(he invitation of the town to Mr. Barnard tn lir(';)nj(> its 
pastor, and ils votes relative to settleiui'iit and salarv, 
receiwd tiie lollouiiiLi' answer: 

" Til iIk ('liuiili Hill/ ( 'iiiii/n f/iitiiiii ill Aiiiliirs/ : 

|{i:si'K( I 1 i> l'\iiiii:s AM> l')ia.i)\i;i> l'i:i KXDS : Some weeks Iiavc 
now jiiist awav since? I reeeivetl an invitation from yuii (l)y your 
linnoralile coininittec) to settle in this town in tlie impoitaiit work of 
tiie tivangelical ministry in eon junction witii yonr jiresent KuvM 
I'astor, and he assured, my ('Inistian friends, that, being deeply sen- 
sihlc of the ditlicnlty and importance of a right discharge of the 
duties of the ndnisteiial ottice to which you hnxa invited me. T have 
taken the affair into the most serious consideration, together witii the 
Jiresent circumstances of this town; have frecjuently imitlored direc- 
tion from above; and asked advice from tliose who I trust are men of 
uiiderstan<ling anil wish will to the Redeemer's kingdom and interest; 
and, from the best liglil I liavc been able to ol)tain, it api>ears to be 
my duty to accept your invitation; and I do accordingly give my 
answer in the alfirmative, upon the encouragement you have already 
ottered me, as explained in the last town meeting, and assin-e you that 
I shall, from this time forth, hold myself in readiness to l>e set ai>art 
to the work of the gospel ministry in tliis town, whenever a council, 
mutually and regularly chosen, shall have convened for that purjiose. 
I am sensible, however, that the sum you have offered for my ainiual 
support is small, and 1 cannot but think you will generally esteem it 
to be so if you seriously consider the expensiveness of living in this 
jtlace, by rea.son of company and the extraordinary labors of a minister 
among so large a people as this is at present, more than in the gener- 
ality of towns, and likewise the sums usually given at this day; but I 
am fidly persuadetl that it is not your desire, and that you will not 
sutler me to submit to the nnseries of a poor and straightened condi- 
tion, whiU' faithfully discharging the duties of a nnnister among you, 
tn iin the character I have had of you as a generous and benevolent 
piiiple in a ministerial way. I doubt not but that your freewill 
iilVerings and generous donations will so richly compensate for the 
ileficiency in the jiresent oHer that I shall l>e aide to apply my.self 
wholly to the work of the gospel ndnistry among you, without anxielv 
abdiit worldly affairs. Now may God so overrule yom- heart.s, my 
'lear friends, as to do that from time to time which sliall be most for 
His glory, the interest of the Redeemer's kingdom, and your own 
immortal souls. I now conclude, with asking yonr daily prayers at 
the throne of grace for me, that I n)ay be enabled to l>e faithful ami 



264 HISTORY OP AMHERST. [Chap. 

acceptable and also successful in my ministry among you, and that we 
may live together in the peace and order of the gospel here below, be 
mutual blessings in time, and each other's crown of rejoicing in that 
all important day when Christ shall come to make up his jewels. I'his 
is the sincere prayer of him who is yours to serve in the Gospel of 
Christ." 



^^^^^a^ ^i^>t.c.,^^ 



A mutual couucil was called, which met Wednesday, 1 
March, 1780, John 8hepard, jr., Dea. Nahum Baldwin, 
and Mr. Amos Flhit, appeared in behalf of the church and 
asked that Mr. Barnard miglit be ordained. To this objec- 
tion was made, and the council, says Mr. Jonathan Liver- 
more, of Wilton, who was a member by courtesy, was in a 
state of perplexity and doubt what course to pursue. After 
licaring the statements of the parties interested, they went 
into session and discussed the matter among themselves. 
Finally, Rev. Zabdiel Adams, of Lunenberg, moved that 
they proceed to the ordination of Mr. Barnard, as nothing- 
had been alleged against his moral or Christian character, 
the opposition to him seeming to arise wholly from a desire 
of individuals to be set oli' in a parish by themselves. He 
stated that Mr. Barnard had failed of a settlement in 
another place, and if he failed here he would be driven to 
seek a livelihood in some other calling, and he thought it 
would be advisable to give him the benefit of an ordination, 
even if he remained but a short time in Amherst. To this 
it was objected that it would be impossible for him to live 
in peace and quiet in such a fire as was now raging here. 

The committee of the church, being present, gave their 
opinion that the time had not arrived for a division of the 
town into two or more parishes ; but pledged themselves 
that they would advocate the division at the proper time. 

Finally, late in the day of 2 March, 1780, the council 
voted to proceed to the ordination of Mr. Barnard on the 
following day. On this occasion Rev. Jacob Bigelow, of 



XII.] THE TOWN MIMSTKV. 26") 

SiidbiiiT, made the iiitroductoiy |)rayer. Rev. Zahdii'l 
Adams, (if liUiU'idieru', a cousin of President John Adams, 
and urandfathcr of the hite Chief Justice lieUows, of 
Concord, preached the sermon from Matthew I'l : 111. The 
sermon was not printed, but, knowing a little of tlic char- 
acter of the ))rea(dier and the circumstances undt-r whi«ii it 
was deli\('ri'd. we may iiift-i' that it did iml hick in iihiin- 
ncss of sjieech. Rev. Kl)cnc/.er iJridge, of Chelmsford, gave 
the charge; Rev. Danicd Kmerson,of Hollis, the right hand 
of fellowshi|i : and Rev. Josiah Bridge, of Kast Sudliuiw, 
made the concluding prayer. 

The following bill, presented for the entei-tainment of 
the members of the council, gives us some insight into the 
customs of the times and the haliits of the •• \ cnci-al)lc " 
fathers who were •• (^'utertained '" : 

TiiK TOWN ol' A.Mlli:i;si" 

To .lONAl IIAN SMI 1 II. Dk. 

For ki'i'piiiL; the C'lumcil at llic ( )r(liiiatioii ut' Kev. .Mr. 

Iianiaid. in cmrcncy, i.'l,;5:j;> .'is. 

In silver, 
'l\. S9 (liiiiK'i-s. at Is., . . . H !)s. OJ. 

r)0 suppers, at SJ., . . . 117 4 

S4 l)reakfa.st.s, at yd.. . . . :; :; 

4:3 lodgin.us, at 4d.. . . . Ill 

74i mugs Hip and toddy, al lod.. . '■'< "_' 1 

;{8 drams, at -JhU . . 7 11 

17 eakes, at Til., . . . nil 

(i 11 IS. eliee.se, at t!il., ... '■'> 

10 mui^s sydei', at '■'»[.. . . I 

.'>l horses. L'l ii'is, at is. .aili, . . •_' II 

I:! Iiorse.s liaited. at 4 1. eaeli, . . II 



aU 8s. lid. 



Tile feelings of a |ioftioii of tlic inlialiitaiits of the town 
in regard to the settlement of Mr, Barnard are shown in 
the following ])apor. prc^scnted by them to tlu^ comicil jirior to 
his ordination. 



266 HISTORY OF AMHERST. [Chap. 

To the vencrahlf, tlie Kcch'siaatical Council tinir rnnreiicil for the pnrjiosie 
of setti/u/ apart and OrdaiiiuKj Mr. Jeremiah Barnard to the 
Pastoral Chareje of the Cliurrh cf Christ cV People of the loirn of 
Amherst : 

Tlie Memorial and IJeinonstrance of iis, Inhabitants of s'd Amherst, 
hnmbly Sheweth : That your Memorialists think themselves much 
Aggrieved, and are highly displeased with the Proceedings of that 
Part of the Church & People of this s'd Town of Amherst, who have 
taken it upon themselves (against so nuich Opposition) to call & 
invite the s'd Mr. Barnard to take upon himself the sacred office & 
character of a Gospel minister in this place, who — strictly speaking — 
has never even been heard a Day on Probation for Settlement here. 
As also with the Conduct of the s'd Mr. Barnard conseqilent there- 
upon. First, then we are not (now) about to object to the legality of 
the Town's Proceedings. But however Legal their Proceedings may 
have been, we do aver that they have been by no means justifia- 
ble. (In our humble Opinion) The Measures that they have adopted 
have been rash, hasty, imgenerous, and Inipi-iulent, & in the Room of 
having a tendency to promote that Brotherly love and affection wliich 
for a long time past have been the strongest Bands of our Union, have 
a direct Tendency to promote Division, Malice, 111 will, Dissention, 
Animosities, & heart burnings, one against another, which horiid train 
of evils we humbly deprecate & earnestly pray God to avert. 

It is to be observed that at the Time the several church and town 
meetings were called, relative to these Transactions for the Purposes 
afore mentioned, the Severity of the Season was such and the great & 
extraordinary falls of snow about that time rendered a general 
attendance of the Town morally impossible. In these circumstances, 
(ientlemen (with submission), what ought to have been the conduct 
of the Town, on a matter of so much Weight and Importance V 
Ought they not to have adjourned these meetings from Time to Time 
until the true sense of the People could have been deliberately taken ? 

On the other hand, how have they conducted those weighty 
matters? Have they not pushed them forward with the greatest 
Precipitation ? and, notwithstanding they had but a small majority of 
votes on their side, have, Lawyer like, grasped hard at a Point of 
Law, not considering that extreme Riejltt is oftentimes extreme wrong, 
paying no manner of Attention to the Opposition, which, altho' they 
are i-ather the jVIinority as to numbers, are the Majority in the pay of 
the Town, &, in case Mr. Barnard should be settled here, we must be 
compelled to pay the major part of his Settlement & Salary, which we 
hund)ly conceive will be a grievance which cannot be justified either 
upon the principles of Civil or Religious Liberty. With regard to 



XII.] 



TIIK TOWN MINISTHV. 



2G7 



Mr. Hariianl, our Personal aniuaiiitaiicc witli liiin is but slender. 
N'c'itlicr liavc we sought every Means & Opportunily lor a more inti- 
iiiali- anil |icrl'ect Knowledge of his Character \ Alijlities, \\lii<'ii we 
iiiiL;li1 iia\(; done, i^ slioiild ha\c (hmc, ])erhaps, had we really esteemed 
liiiii as a Caudidati' on I'loliat ion tor settleineiit among us. We 
allege, therefore, nothing against his moral Character, f.,ife, or Conver- 
sation. Xeithei- do we mean to accuse him of delivering any thing 
contrary to sound Doctrine. I'mt. iiowever, we must .say that he is not 
I lie man of our choice, that he is not the man that we should choose 
lor our Sjii ritual Guide — for our Instructor in the great & deep mysteries 
of I lie (iospel of -lesus Christ. Neither do his Discourses (however 
doctrinally .sound they may l>e) appear to us to he delivered in Dinuni- 
struiiiiii nf Vic Spirit, ik. with that Life, I'ower, & Energy, that wc could 
wi-^h for, nor yet with that cleai'ness and Persiiiciiity that we think we 
>lioiiM have a right lo expect from a man thoroughly furnished to 
every (iood Work, tSc from one that might come to us in the fnllne.ss 
ol the lUessings of the (iospel of Peace. it is such a man that we 
want, and we tiiink wc have a Kight to covet earnestly the hest 
( lifts. 

A/il In hacli. To conclude. \\'e hope that the sight of .so many 
names as will he annexed to this Memorial will be suflieient to 
convinei! .Mr. Marnard that he ought in)t to think of settling where 
there is .so little Prospect of his being Beneficial unto the People or 
comfortable to himself. Put (with due subniLssion), .shoidd .Mr. 
I'larmird be so much mi.staken as to think differently, & should i r( u 
this venerable Council (in such case) proceed to Ordination, Candor 
obliges ii.s — however disagreeable the necessity of dis.senting from ,so 
worthy a Pody — to .say thai we cannot, in justice to our own feelings, 
patiently aeipiiesce in a Decision, in our Opinion so manifestly inju- 
rious, both of the Rights of Civil and l!eligit)ns Liberty. We >hall, 
however, rest satisfied that the venerable Council '/•/// Aiy /minis 
sinlili iilji on no iiinii, Ik that the I'rayer of this Petition will be fully 
granted by their refusing to ordain — umler the present cireunislances — 
Mr. deremiah Parnard to the Pastoral care of the C'hurch of Christ & 
Peojile of tills 'I'own. In patient expi'clation of which your .Memo- 
riaiisls, as in Duly boinid, \e. 



Daiius Abbot. 

Uaac .\bbot. 

.lohn .Vrbuckle, 

l',liene/.er .\\cril. 

.lohn Averil, 

C;i]i|. Andiew llradlord. 



Capt. dohn r>radb)rd. 
Pieut. William I'.radb.rd 
.Jerenuah Purnam, 
•loshua Purnam, 
.Stephen Purnam, 
( ieorge Pin IIS, 



268 



HISTORY OF AMHERST. 



[Chap. 



John Burns, 
John Burns, jr., 
Thomas Burns, 
Oliver Carlton, 
Thomas Carlton, 
Joshua Clark 
John Cole, 
Nathan Cole, 
Samson Crosby, 
Josiah Dodge, 
Samuel Dodge, 
Joseph Duncklee, 
Lieut. Joseph Farnum, > 
Nathan Flint, 
Ephraim French, 
Laraford Gilbert, 
Allen Goodridge, 
Daniel Gould, 
Richard Gould, 
flonathan Graham, 
John Harvel, 
John Ilarwood, 
Nathaniel Haywood, 
Samuel Heniy, 
William Hogg, 
Benjamin Hopkins, 
Ebenezer Hopkins, 
James Hopkins, 
Abner Hutchinson, 
Benjamin Hutchinson, 
Elisha Hutchinson, 
Nathan Hutchinson, jr., 
Caleb Jones, 
Caleb Jones, jr., 
Nathan Jones, jr., 
Josiah Kidder, jr., 
Solomon Kittredge, 



William Lamson, 
Joseph Langdell, 
Daniel Lovejoy, 
Joseph Lovejoy, 
William Melendy, 
Lieut. John Mills, 
Knight Nichols, 
Timothy Nichols, 
Robert Parker, 
John Patterson, 
Capt. William Peabody, 
Wm. Peacock, 
James Russell, 
Daniel Smith, 
Jacob Smith, 
James Smith, 
Timothy Smitli, 
Timothy Smith, jr., 
Benja. Sternes, jr., 
Samuel Sternes, 
Amos Stickney, 
Daniel Symonds, 
Daniel Symonds, jr., 
Benja. Temple, 
Thomas Town, jr., 
Joseph Tuck, 
Enos Upton, jr., 
Ezekiel Upton, 
"W'illiam Wallace, 
Richard W^ard, 
Abijah Wilkins, 
Daniel Wilkins, jr., 
Joshua Wilkins, 
\Villiam ^Vilkins, 
].,emuel Winchester, 
James Woodbury, 
Peter Woodbury." 



Solomon Kittredge, 2d, 

31 March, 1780. Lieut, Reuben Mussey, Lieut. Ebenezer 
Weston, and Mr. Daniel Stevens, were appointed a com- 
mittee to settle and adjust accounts with Rev. Mr. Wilkins 
from 11 June, 1779, to 11 June, 1780. Thej reported, 11 



Xll.j THE TOWN MINISTIIV. 200 

SL'jtteiiilx'r, ITSO, (hat llicv loiiiid <£"):> 2. ")s.. ;iss('ss«m| fni- 
liim the yciir |iiist, wliicli, reck(jiiin<i; cmjiii at thirty dollars 
per liiislicl, amounted to lifty-nine bushels, which, takm out 
of 2o7A hiishcis — which was due him accordiuji: to contract 
— there was \vi i\\H' him ITS.V busluds, wliicji at lil'tv 
dollars pci- l)ushcl amoniitcil to £'2310. (These wci-c 
continental cnrreney prices. ) 

11 Septemlier, ITSO, voted that the town l)e assessed to 
pay ^Ir. Jonathan Smith's account for providing- U)V the 
eoiincil at the ordination of Mr. Uarnard, and l']l»ene/er 
Weston, Col. Ivohert Head, and Ksquirc Shej)ar(l, were 
appointed a committee to settle and adjust aceir.ints with 
Rev. Mr. 15arnard. 

12 March, 1781. A committee, haviuii' been ap|)oiuted to 
examine and report what sum of the present (greatly depre- 
ciated |»aper enrrency will make ,i2;ood the contract, between 
the town and lve\. .Mr. IJaiaiard for his settlement and 
salary this year, Imported for the settlement X21,2-K) lawful 
money, and for salary, <£9,439, IDs. Total of settle- 
ment and salary, .£30,679, 16s. An error of £*M was 
discovered, which reduced the amount to <£2!>,743, 16s. At 
the same meeting, Daniel Campbell, Capt. Josiah Crosby, 
and .lohii Shepard, jr., were appointed a committee to settle 
with Ivev. Ml-. Wilkins resi)ecting his salary from .June, 
17S0, to June, 1781, who reported, 15 January, 1782, that 
he was entitled to 237^ bushels of Indian corn, or an 
eipiivalent equal tlii-reto. and that the selectmen had 
assessed the town toward the [layment thereof i'4,"<»(i old 
continiMital currency, e(puil to forty pounds lawful sil\er 
money, as adjusted by a late vote of the town, leaving:- due 
to him and still unassessed, the sum of seven pounds ten 
shillings, like lawful silver money, estimating corn at four 
shillings i)er bushel. 

From tlie records it would seem that a part only of Mr. 
I-Jarnard's settlement and salary for the first year of his 
luistorate was |)aid at the time agreed upon. Hence, we 



270 HISTORY OF AMHERST. [Chap. 

find that the town, at a meeting- held 4 Feln'uaiy, 1783, 
chose Lieut. Thomas Burns, Capt. Hezekiali Lovejoy, and 
Mr. Amos FHnt, a committee to settle with him " respecting 
his settlement and first year's salary." 

This attempt at a settlement with Mr. Barnard failed, 
for we find the town voting, 3 December, 1783, not to i>ay 
Mr. Ilarnard any more than he lias received for his settle- 
ment and lirst year's salary. It was also voted that the 
selectmen assess the whole town in equal })roportion to 
eiglity pounds a year, with lawful interest for the time the 
whole town had to pay Mr. Barnard. They were also 
directed to assess the remainder of the town, in e(iual 
pro])ortion to eighty pounds a year for the time between 
the setting off the two i)arishes and the present time, with 
interest for the same, for his salary, if he accepts it, and 
they were directed to wait on Mr. Barnard to see if he 
accepts of these votes of the town respecting his salary. 

But Mr. Barnard did not accept ; and, at a meeting held 
3 January, 1785, the town chose Capt. Josiah Crosby, 
William Peabody, jr., and Mr. Thomas Burns, a committee 

"To settle an action brought against the town l)y !lev. Mr. IJa.ni- 
ard, if a reasonahle vsettlement can be had witJi him; utlierwise to 
dispute liis action in court." 

John ►Slic|)ar(l, jr., and Capt. Nathan Hutchinson were 
subse(piently added to the committee, who were instructed 
to petition for a continuance of the action to the next term 
of the court, and that, in the intermediate time, the com- 
mittee strive for a settlement with Mr. Barnard and make 
report of their doings at some future meeting of the town, 
and they Avere authorized to employ counsel if needed. 

Enos Bradford, William Bradford, Daniel Campbell, 
Jacob Curtice, Benjamin Davis, Bartholomew Dodge, James 
Hartshorn, William Howard, Nathan Kendall, and Thomas 
Wakefield, entered their protest against disputing said 
action. 



XII.] TIIK lOWN MIM>Ti:V. 271 

Tlic InllowiiiiL;- bond was tiivoii l)y Mr. IJanianI to llir 
iiK'iuhcis (»r tlic First |»arisli. Ix'fori' (•oiumciiciiii:' an action 
aii'aiiist tin- tow n to rct'ovcr till- lialaiRU' due on his sclllc- 
nicnt and >ala ly in 1 ~S [ : 

"Kiiciw :ill iiii'ii l>y tlu'sc presents, tliat I, Jereiiiiali lianiard, ol' 
Aiiiliei.>,|, in the County of Ilillsborouyli and State of New Ilani|>- 
.-liire, Clerk, am Ilolden and stand tiinilv l>onnd and oMii^ated unto 
lliat part (tf tlie town of Anilierst that are not h'.i,ally diseliar^'ed from 
paying any lliin;; for my support in future as a minister of the eospel 
in the just sum of one tliousand pounds hiwful silver money, to the 
which payment I bind myself, my Heirs, Administrators, Executors 
and Assigns, tirndy, by these jucsents, sealed with my Seal, Daleij the 
twenty-sec'ond day of October, in the year of our Lord om- thou>aud 
se\en liiindi-ed and ei;^lity-four. 

'{"lie condition of the almve ol)]ination is such that, whereas llie 
abo\c liiiunden i'laniard, in oiiler to recover the proportion of his 
salary and settlenu'nt that is duo to him for the years seventeen hun- 
dred and eighty and eighty-one, and part of the year eighty-two, from 
the South-west and North-west parishes of Amherst, must connneiuM- 
and prosecute an action against the old parish, jointly with the other 
two parishes, although the inhabitants of the old parish have voted to 
p;iy him their proportion thereof. Now if such action shall be com- 
menced and prosecuted, if said IJarnard shall not suffer his execution 
to be served upini the persons and estates of the inhabitants of the 
saitl Old Parish who shall have paid the rates already assessed 
against them, lor the said IJarnanl. within the term of six months 
Irom the date of this instrument, ami shall not jtut them, nor any of 
iheui, to any cost or charge thereby, ami shall discharge their ]iart 
and pro])ortion of such judgment or execution thereon, on n'lpiest, 
then the foregoing obligation is to be void ; andotherwi>e to be in full 
force. 

.iKKKMiAii i;ai;xai;|). 

signed, sealed, and deliven'ij. in pi-esence of us, 

SAMfKI. WILKIN'S. 

iiioMAs \\ .\ki;i'ii:li>. 

I\('\. .Mr. Wilkins, senior niinistci' of tin' town, dird II 
l'\'l(rnary. ITSl.aml Ins Inncral was attended on the ITlli. 
when Ke\. Mr. nniMiap. ol Meriiniaek, |»rea(died from 1 
Sanniel .\.\v: 1. The town, at the annnal nKM'tini:", S Marcdi, 
1TS4, voted fonr poinHls, fnc shilliiiLis. ami one |ii'nny. to 



272 HISTORY OF AMHERST. [Chap. 

defray the funeral charges, and directed the selectmen "to 
furnish gloves for the bearers." 

John Shepard, jr., Daniel Campbell, and Thomas Wake- 
field were appointed a committee to erect a monument over 
his grave. 

The monument, a choice specimen of the workmanship 
of the time, stands in the old cemetery, in the rear of the 
town-house, bearing the inscription, 

" ' Ecce Addisce Vivere.' 

ERECTED 
BY THE TOWN OF AMHERST 

To the ]MemoiT of 
REV. DANIEL WILKINS, 

Who drpmied this life Frb. 11, 1783 * in the 7?.r/ i/ear of his age 
(1 11(1 4:'2(/ of his ininistry. 

He was a Gentleman of good natural and acquired abilities; he 
received the honors of Harvard University at Cambridge, in 1736, and 
was separated to ye work of ye ministry in 1741, at which time his 
church consisted of only five male members and his Charge of four- 
teen Families. As a Minister he was laborious ; his Public Discourses 
were liberal and Sentimental, pathetic, solemn, and persuasive. He 
was endowed with a venerable presence and Commanding Voice and 
an lymphatic Delivery. 

He had a tender Feeling for his Charge, and was a Partner with 
them in all their Joys and Sorrows ; his conversation with them was 
Enlightening, Edifying, and Comforting. 

He was an Example of Patience and Meekness, and always endeav- 
ored to promote Peace. His natural Temper was remarkably Sweet 
and pleasant. He had a high relish for ye refined pleasures of Friend- 
ship. His behaviour was not ceremonious, but grave, Yet Sprightly 
and agreeable. In a word, he was a Devoted Minister and Faithful 
Christian, a good companion, a tender Husband, and an indulgent 
Parent. 

' The Sweet Remembrance of the Just 
Shall flourish when he sleeps in dust.' " 

*An error. From contemporary records it appears that Mr. AVilkins died in 1784. 

14 March, 1785, the town voted to pay Mr. Barnard 
seventy-four pounds, eight shillings, it being the balance 
due of his first year's salary and settlement. They also 
voted to pay him at the rate of £100 per year until the 



XII.] THE FIIJST [>Ai:iS[I. 273 

scttiiiu' ofV tlic South-west |»!ii'isli, with iiitcrrst mi the same 
iii'tcr it hecanie due, to (he (hito of Mr. ('onslalih- llMi'ts- 
hoiii's lirst list of tit.xes nssesscd i<>r Mi'. l>iirM;inl. 

This Mite seems to have settled the matter, and it was 
evidently Itroiiuht alioiil liy the joint action of the voters of 
the First and Sonth-west jjarishes. 

l-:5 .March, ITSi), Voted that ''ten pounds annually he 
paid to \\'idow W'ilkins. relict of thcii- late minister, during 
her natural life, to commence from this time." 

THK FIR^T PAinsri. 

For some yeai's after the incorjtoration of the Second 
and Third parishes, the hnsiness of the First parish was 
ti-ansacted at meetinus called l)y the selectmen of the town, 
at whii'h pro\ision was made foi- the payment of Mr. 
l5ai-nar(Fs salary, repairinu' the meetinu'-honse, fencing the 
ui-aveyard, etc. 

\i a meeting held 1 l' .Maii-h. 1 787, twenty feet in length, 
in the centre of the front gallery of the meeting-honse, 
e Mending from the front hreastwork of the gallery to the 
rear of the liack seats of the same, were appropriated for 
the u>e of tlu' singers, who were allowed to accommodate 
themstdves in sneh a way as they chose, at their own 
ex|iense, •• provided they did not obstrnct the sight of the 
hack pews." 

nonhtless complaints were made of the manner in which 
the hnsiness of the parish was conducted, as we find that 
Mr. Justice Samuel Wilkins issued his warrant, 21 Fehiai- 
ary, l''Sl>. in obedience to the reiinest of ten freeholders of 
the parish, calling a meeting on the 0th day of the follow- 
ing month for the purpose of organizing the parish. 

At that meeting Samuel Wilkins was chosen moderator, 
Samuel Wilkins, Joshua Lovejoy, and Robert Fletcher, 
assessors, Jacob Curtice, collector, and Ephraim Barker, 
treasurer: and it was voted to ]iay the collector sixpence 
on the pound for collecting the jtarish taxes. 

IS 



274 HISTORY OF AMHERST. [Chap. 

Grants of money were made from year to year for tlie 
snpport of Mr. Barnard and paying tlie current expenses of 
tlie parish ; and in the warrant calling a meeting, 21 Decem- 
ber, 1789, the voters were asked if they would elect one 
man to represent them in the (Jeneral Court the next 



session 



For some years there seems to have been trouble in 
regard to the amount of salary to be ])aid Mr. Barnard. 
Several committees were a])pointed to confer with him in 
i-egard to it; but no satisfactory settlement was made until 
19 December, 1791, when a proposition, made by him, was 
accepted by the parish. 

According to tliis arrangement he was to receive an 
annual salary of ninety pounds, stated in silver money at 
six shillings eight pence per ounce, payable in two install- 
ments, — the first on tlie third day of Marcli, and the second 
on the third day of September, — annually, with interest 
from the time of payment stipulated, when it was not paid 
within tliree months from that time ; and, if lie became 
unable to discharge the duties of liis office, from age or 
infirmity, he was to receive forty pounds a year during his 
natural life. 

Thirty dollars was voted " to be expended in teaching 
psalmody," at a parish meeting held 19 March, 1798. 

On the incorporation of the Second parish as the town of 
Mont Vernon, the necessity for a parish organization, sepa- 
rate from that of the town, ceased, and it was abandoned — 
the First parish becoming the town of Amherst. 

THE MINISTERIAL LAND. 

In accordance with the requirements of the grant of the 
township, one lot in each of the several divisions of the 
town — being one one hundred and twenty-third part of the 
whole — was set apart for the ministry ; and, at the annual 
town-meeting in March, 1794, William Gordon, Samuel 
Dana, and Daniel Campbell, were appointed a committee to 



XII.] THE MINISTERIAL LANP. 27') 

in(|iiii-(' iiitii (ho state of this l.-iml. They rciiorlcd, 8 
I)t'c(Mnl)t'i-. 17'.'4, '■ 

" riiat upon examination of the proiniotors' hooks, tliey found that 
lots were laid out and appropriated to that purjxjse in each of the 
several divisions in said town, and they were of opinion that the town 
liail ri^hl, and that it was their duty to take all lawful means to 
prevent strip and waste being made thereon, and advised that the 
Selectmen U; authorized and directed to prosecute, without exception, 
all those persons aj^ainst whom they may judi^e sufficient proof can be 
made, wlio have in time past been i^uilty, or shall hereafter be guilty, 
111" trespassing' on said land." 

At the iiiuiiial lueetiiiir in Mai'cli. ITl'T, tlu- town voted to 
sell the ministerial hind, and ai)|»oinled the selectmen a 
coinniittee to cai-fy the vote into et't'ect. 

To this Ml'. Bai-nai"(l objected, saying the town had no 
liizlit to sell the land ; but the town, at a meeting, held 2(5 
.liiiK', 1707, diiceted tlie selectmen to i)rocced in the sale. 
It was also voted that the money received for the land 
should be equitably divided between the First and Second 
parishes, and placed at interest, the minister of the First 
palish to have the annual income from the share of that 
iKirish, and the minister of the Second i)arisli the income 
from the share of his parish. This arrangement seems to 
have buen satisfactory to all parties, and the ministerial 
land was accordingly sold. 

Many votes arc recorded excusing ])ersons from payment 
of taxes as they claimed to belong to other parishes. 

A ease arose in the jtarisb. in 1708, which gave rise to 
the lirst judicial decision made in the State in favor of 
religious toleration. 

Dr. John .Musscy. a resident in the parish at that time, 
was, 31 December, 1705, assessed seventy-live cents toward 
defraying the current charges of the parisli, and, shortly 
after, two dollars and twenty-three cents toward paying Mr. 
liarnard's salary that year. These assessments he refused 
to pay, as he was a Presbyterian. After some delay the 



276 HISTORY OF AMHERST. [Cliap. 

parish officers directed the collector to collect them by 
distraint. Mr. Mussey, refusing to pay, was arrested and 
confined in jail, but finally paid tlie taxes and costs, under 
protest, and was released. 

At the March term of court in 1800, he brought a suit 
against the assessors of the parish to recover the money 
and costs. 

This suit the parish voted to defend, and appointed 
Samuel Wilkins, Daniel Campbell, and Chnrles H. Ather- 
ton, a committee to manage it in tlieir behalf. 

After hearing the evidence produced, and pleas of counsel, 
the case was decided for the plaintiff, at the term of the 
superior court held at Amherst, in May, 1803, Chief Justice 
Jeremiah Smith holding that, although the beliefs of the 
Congregationalists and Presbyterians were the same, they 
differed in their church government and discipline, and 
Ave re therefore different sects. 

In this decision Judge Livermoi'e concurred ; but Judge 
Farrar, who had before decided that Congregationalists and 
Universalists were of the same sect, dissented. 

The parish afterward voted to raise $2')i) to pay the 
execution and contingent expenses of the suit. 

Mr. Barnard, and a large majority of liis clerical brethren 
in New England, took decided ground in opposition to tlie 
measures adopted by the general government in the contro- 
versy with Great Britain, Avhich resulted in the declaration 
of war against that country in 1812 ; and his hearers on 
tlie Sabbath were left in no doubt as to his views on public 
affairs, which were often expressed with a considerable 
degree of warmth. 

For an unseemly display of temper in the pulpit, he Avas 
called to account by the town, at a meeting held for the 
choice of presidential electors in November, 1812, when a 
committee, consisting of William Fisk, Jedediah K. Smith, 
Daniel Warner, John Secombe, and Daniel Campbell, Esq., 
was appointed to confer Avitb him relative to his late 



XII.] MR. Barnard's letter. 277 

" .Mysti'rioiis ooiuluct in tin- jmlpil mi tin; Sal)l»atli ol' our Lord, the 
sixtet'iitli of August lust, his i-oiiduct <^entM-allj', ami jiartii-ularly hi.s 
wilful nciilcct of duty on the fast of the twcutititli of AuL;ust last." 

Clifton Claggett, Charles H. Athcrton, and Rohcrt 
Means, were afterward added to tlie committee, and quite a 
eontroversv was carried on between the parties, of which but 
litth' record now remains. One of his letters, sent to (he 
committee — which is not now to be found — was long after- 
ward spoken of In Ivscpiire Campbell as " Mr. I'ai-niii-d's 
great gnu." 

His pnrochiui l;ii)oi's were greatly increased by the sick- 
ness whii'h prevailed in town in 1814. His health l)ecame 
impaired. Perhaps traces of the mental malady by which 
he was afterward alliicted began to make their ajjpearance. 
Some dissatisfaction with his ministry existed, and (he 
settlement of a colleague, who should share the burdens of 
the ministry with liim, began to be talked of. At a meeting 
of the inuiijirld 18 September, 181"), Cliarlcs 11. Atherton, 
William iMsk, (Uifton Claggett, Col. Rol)ert Means, and 
.Mall bias Spalding, were a})i)ointed a committee to confer 
with bini and ascertain uj)on what terms he would consent 
to have a colleague settled with him in the ministry. At 
an adjnurned meeting, held oO October, 181"), the following 
communication, received from ^Ir. Barnard by the commit- 
tee, was laid before the town : 

(ii iitli iiini of llir Conniiilti c : 

I thank the town for their politeness in consnltini; nie u]h)m a 
suiiject of so nineh conse(|nence to their jx-aee and happiness, and l>y 
a conunittee so respectable, of whose friendship to me and rei^ard to 
the best interests of the town I can entertain no donht. 1 had knowl- 
edfje of the objects now contemplated bnt just before the late towii- 
meetini;, and have been no adviser to the steps that have been taken, 
and 1 can say I still feel a willingiu'ss to serve the town so far as I 
am able and in the best manner I am capable of; l>ut when I reflect 
upon the gi-eatness of my labors for the two last year.s, and the 
unusual efforts necessary to accomplish them, and consider the 
reduced state to which those exertions have brought me, both in body 
and niind, it appears. Gentlemen, impossible I should ever perform 



278 HISTORY OF AMHERST. [Chap. 

the duty of a minister thvougli another such general and distressing- 
sickness as either of those with which it hath pleased God to visit 
this people the two last winters. I am furthermore sensible, Gentle- 
men, that in my present debilitated state that cori'ectness, precision, 
and flow of good argument, — so beautiful in composition, — and that 
energy and pathos so pleasing in delivery, always gratifying to an 
attentive hearer, which may be ho})ed for in a man in the prime or 
meridian of life, is not to be expected of me in this wintry age. 
From these considerations, Gentlemen, and from a desire that my 
people may be better furnished with the means of Christian edifica- 
tion and instruction, I am willing, yea, it will afford me a peculiar 
pleasure, should it be a gratification to them, to relinquish to the town 
the one half of my present salary whenever they shall have settled 
another man with me to take the burden and responsibility of the 
ministry olf of my hands ; — that is, I am willing to relinquish one 
hundred and fifty dollars annually toward the support of such min- 
istry out of the sum the town now pay me as a yearly salary, and 
will relinquish the same ever after the day of his ordination, should 
such ordiriation take place in my lifetime. But, Gentlemen, shoidd 
the town think best to postpone for the present all attempts for 
securing to themselves a better supply in the way proposed, I shall 
continue for the present to serve them with pleasure, and in the best 
manner I am capable of. I have no preference to dying in my bed 
rather than in my pulpit, and I had rather die promoting the edifica- 
tion of my people and laying the foundation of their salvation than to 
be employed in the most lucrative office in the power of man to bestow. 
Nevertheless, for the better spii'itual edification of my people, I 
sincerely wish they may be agreed to settle a better and more capable 
man with me, to officiate in my stead ; but, if an object adapted to be 
so useful and advantageous to the spiritual interest of this people, 
and so pleasant to me, can not take place, it may be well for Gentle- 
men to remember that if my performances have depreciated, my salary 
has depreciated likewise, and if the depreciation of the latter has been 
the cause of the depreciation of the former, perhaps they may yet find 
a remedy for the evil iinder which they suffei', though it l)e evidently 
too late to find a remedy that will be effectual. My health is gone, 
my constitution broken, and I can look for life here but a very little 
longer. 

Wishing, therefore, divine success to attend the measures of the 
town respecting this important tmdertaking, I subscribe myself, Gen- 
tlemen, your most obedient humble servant in the Gospel of Christ. 

JEREMIAH BAKNAKD. 

October 2«, 1815. 




REV. NATHAN LORD. 



XII.] si;TTLi;Mf:NT or mi:, loud. 2T'.> 

Allcr lioariiJii" Ww (•(timmuiicatiuii IIk' town clio.sc Cliailcs 
II. Atlicrtnii, William Fisk, ami Col. Ili)l>cit .Mi-mms a 
tiiiiiinittrc to |iii)ciiii' a candidate to preach from Imir to 
ci.izht Sal)liatlis. 

SETTLKMENT OF KKV. NATHAN I.OKD. 

2'.' Jaiiiiarv, Islt!. TIk- town votcil to comMir uitli tin- 
church ill ^Iviiin- Mr. Nathan Lord a call to settle as 
colleagnc in the work of the ministry with the Rev. Jere- 
miah Uarnard in this town. 

Willinni Fisk, .loliii ScconilM', 'I'liomas rnderw(»o(l. Col. 
Kolieit Means. MattlTuis Spaldini;-, William Read, William 
Dole. Daniel Cam|iliell, jr.. Levi Dodijfe, David Stewart, 
Ivicliard r>oylstoii, and .John Kdiew, were ajipointed a com- 
mittee to •' take into consideration and report to the town 
at this meeting" what compensation the town will otl'er Mr. 
Lord as a sahiry." 

Al'tei" consnltatiuii the committee reported that they had 
nnanimonsly agreed that in theii- o|tinion >'7Ui» animally 
paid to Mr. Lord during the time he should ollieiate as a 
gospil minister in (his town would he a suitable c(nn|ieu- 
sation for his services, and they i'ecommende(| thai sum 
for the adoption of the town. 

The report of the committee^ was adopted, and it was 
further vote(l that •t'DM), annually, should l)e added to .M r. 
Loi'd's salary after the decease of Mv. Uarnard, heside the 
interest of the money derived from the sale of the ininis- 
tei'ial laud. 

William Fisk, RoV)ert Means, William Read, Rev. Mr. 
Harnard, and Jolni Seconibc, wci'e api)ointed a committee 
to transmit a record of the votes of this meeting to .Mr. 
Lord. 

'i'he following letter was received from Mr. Loi'd, in 
answer to the communication of the committee of tiie 
church and town : 



280 HISTORY OF AMHERST. [Chap 

" South Berwick, :\rE., Feb'y 16, 1816. 
To the Committees of the Cliurcli and Town of Amherst, N. 11. 

Brethren and Friends : Your respective communications by 
Capt. Secombe, of tlie 2!)tli Jan'y, have been under serious considera- 
tion since tliat time. I lune submitted them to experienced and 
judicious friends to obtain tiieir counsel respecting' them, and liave l)een 
careful to seek direction from the unerring spirit. 

The circumstances in which I have been placed in relation to 
another people have occasioned much perplexity of mind, having been 
called by them to settle in the ministry. 1 have found no small diili- 
culty in comparing their invitation with yours. To determine in 
what 'vineyard' it was my duty to labour has been no easy task, and 
1 have trembled lest I should enter that for which God had not 
appointed me. 

I have, however, been induced, by an increasing com iction of duty 
and by the united counsel of my friends, to give a negative to the 
proposals of the people of Arundel. On the same account, I am led 
to give, and do hereby give an attinuation to your invitation. I 
accept the pioposals of the church and town of AmlieKt, and I beg 
leave to say that these proposals are satisfactory, and that the una- 
nimity with which they were made is highly gratifying to my feelings. 
My confidence is strengtiiened by your expressions of good will, and 
should I become your miuister 1 shall go auioug you witli the senti- 
ments of the warmest affection, and I trust with sincere desires and 
resolutions to promote your best good. 

It is proper to say that the considerations which have iiitiuenced my 
mind and the minds of my friends in regaixl to this acceptance of 
your invitation are briefly the following : The town of Amherst 
presnts to a minister of the gospel a wide and extensive field of useful, 
ness. This field has been opened to me without a special hinderance 
All the indications of providence relating to my settlement among 
you have been peculiarly striking, both at the time of my preaching 
at Amherst and in your subsequent measures. In consequence of 
these things there is a reasonable ground to hope that here I may 
fulfill the object of my ministry and benefit the church of Christ. 
And here I avow my object in complying with your proposals. It is 
to promote the interests of the Christian church. It is ' to save my 
own soul and the souls of other.' And, in the accomplishment of this 
object, I shall, by the grace of God assisting me, endeaAor to regulate 
myself by the principles of the gospel. I shall know as your minister 
no party distinctions. I shall seek to imderstand the mind and will 
of God as revealed in the holy scriptures, to preach plainly and 
affectionately the doctrines of Christianity, and enforce its precepts. 



XTT.] 



MR. LORD S LETTER. 



281 



I shall strive to inaiiitaiii 'tln^ \vat<'li ami discipline ' of the cbiircli, to 
reprove, relmke. exlmrt with all loiii; siitVerini,^ and doctrine. The-^e 
thin!;s, with divine assistance, I shall observe and di>. and shall 
contiiie niysell' t(j the 'ministry of the word,' for ' \ have determined 
not t<^ know any thint; amoni; yon save .Fesns Christ and him cruci- 
fieil.' Hnl, my lirethren, the work of the ministry is ardnoiis. I feel 
my nnworthiness and insnlliciency. I shall need yonr forWearance, 
yonr eonnsel and assistance. Above all I shall m-ed yonr prayers to 
(Jod that he wonld make my way prosperons and that his j;race may 
l)e sntiicient for me. I ask a remembrance in yonr jietitions to tht- 
throne of .yrace that I may be npriiLjht, that I may be faithfnl and 
snccessful. I bey; h'ave to present to the chnrch and town of Andierst 
my most jjratefnl acknowleil<;iiients for the exceeding candor, alVec- 
tion, and respect, which have been exerci.sed toward me. .\nd I pray 
thai we may all have the direction of the Holy .Spirit, that ue may lie 
permitted lom^ to dwell hapi>ily to,L;ether in this world, and at len,ii;th 
l>e gathered with redeemed spirits and enjoy that rest which remaineth 

fur the people of (n.d. 

1 n-main, with alfection and res|iect, Vonrserxant in (liii.-t. 




Kev'd ,li.Ki.MiAii \\\i:s. \n[t, . I "/i ( 'oiii. 

Kev'd ,Ii-.i;i:miaii ISaknaui), 1 

.Mi'ssrs. ItouKur Mr.vNs, ., .,, ,. ,, 

... ,, ( ninnnthe nf tin' 

W I I.I.I AM !• ISK, )- ,,, .,• « ; 

... ,, lown of Aiitlursl. 

\\ ii.i.iA.M l{r..\i>. 

Jtill.N SlXU.MIlK, J 

1'. S. With leave of providence, 1 expect to be in Amherst by the 
'J>>th of the month to atleml to such arrangements ivs may be necessary 
in iMinse<|neiice of this communicalion. N. 1.-" 

\- .Miiiili, Isli'i. ihc town \<itc(l til cDiicur with llir 
••jiiircli ill tlu' (inliiKitidii t)f .Mr. Natlniii li >r<l mi tin' bimili 
WtMliicsdny of M;iy next. 

.Idliii .'-^(■coiubr, I'MiuiukI riirkcr. mid Col. Robert Moans, 
wvw chosen :i coiiiiuittec to net with the coiniiiittee clioseii 
by the ehureh to issue Kdters missive to other ehiirehes to 
be i»ieseiit on the oceasioii. 



282 HISTOEY OF AMHERST. [Chap. 

The Selectmen, Edmund Parker, and Robert Read, were 
appointed a committee to provide for the council, and make 
such other arrangements as might be necessary for the 
ordination. 

Maj. Turner Crooker and Capt. Peter Patterson were 
appointed marshals for the day, and it was voted to pay 
Mr. Lord one half of his first year's salary at the expiration 
of six months from his settlement. 

Mr. Lord was ordained 22 J\Iay, 1816. The sermon on 
that occasion was preached by Rev. Asa McFarland, of 
Concord, from Mark xiii ; 4. The charge was given by the 
senior pastor, and the right hand of fellowship by Rev. 
Humphrey Moore, of Milford. 

Mr. Barnard was styled an Arminian in his religious 
belief, and had but little sympathy with the views of his 
Calvinistic brethren. In his church all shades of belief 
were tolerated, and all had an opportunity, by the system 
of ministerial excliangcs then practiced, to occasionally 
hear their own peculiar views expounded and enforced. 

Mr. Lord, on the contrary, was a decided Calvinist, and 
his teachings corresponding witli his belief, a diversity of 
opinion among the members of the church soon became 
apparent. 

A report of a conversation between Mr. Lord and a 
member of his church, shortl}' before her death, published 
in the Cabinet in November, 1817, was the commencement 
of a somewhat protracted correspondence between him and 
Hon. Charles H. Atherton, carried on in the columns of 
that paper until the editor declined its further publication. 

The discussions then in progress in the churches in 
Massachusetts, the publication of Dr. Channing's sermon at 
the ordination of ]\h\ Sparks, at Baltimore, and the passage 
of the " toleration law," by the Legislature of the State, in 
June,'1819, intensified the feeling then prevalent. 
/ A Universalist society was formed in town, of which the 
'Tequired notice was published 9 September, 1819, and 



XII.] THE rNITAIMAN CONTROVERSY. 283 

David Holmes, one of the deacons in Mr. FiOrd's chnreh, 
pnldishcd a ]):inii)hl('t in which he dcftMidcd the. Unitai-i:in 
(h)elrines. 

In Aiiunst, IS-i^. :i])i»lieation was made to the select mm 
tor the nse of the mceting'-honsc — then the property of (he 
town — one I^abbath, the desk to be ocenpied on that day by 
Rev. Henry Ware, of Cambridge. To this the selectmen 
uave their consent, ollicially and personally. The senior 
pastor was also wiHin*^ the nse of the hon.sc shonM be 
irraided for th;it pur|)ose,bMt Mr. Lord objected. Mr. Ware 
ai'iMvcd in town I'or the piiposc of liirmij,- an cnj^agcment to 
|»i'eaeli, bnt was met Ity a lettei- from Mr. Loi'd protesting 
against it, saying it 

'■('oiilii not 1)(^ supposed tluit lie wmild I'avor his eiigageiiioiit, er 
:i(i|uic>cc ill tilt' wislics dI' liis riicmls." 

lie closed by saying that he 

" rri'suiiu'il he would at least respect his feeliugs and rights, so far 
as to refraiu from the use of the desk iu this j^ilace, for the supply of 
which he considered himself alone responsible, and which was, there- 
fore, by received usage, suhject to his control." 

A comnuinieation from Clifton Claggett and otliers, 
members of the elmreh in Amherst, of similar tenor, was 
handed to Mr. Ware at the same time. To each of these 
eommiinieations .Mr. Ware returned an ttpprojiriate answer 
before leaving tlie place. The next day he filled his 
engagement by preaeliing at the conrt-lioiise, and his dis- 
eonrse was afterward pnblished. 

A |iart of the members of the chnrch, under the care of 
.Mr. Lord.]ia\ing seceded, application was made by them to 
the town for the nse of the meeting-honse such a portion 
of the whole time as the jiroportion of their polls and 
ratable estates shonld bear to all the polls and rat.ible 
estates in town. This, at a special meeting held 18 Novem- 
ber, 1822, the town refused to grant, the vote standings- 
yeas, 87 ; nays, lol. 



284 HISTORY OF AMHERST. [Chap. 

A similar re(iiiest, made at the annual meeting in March 
following-, was also denied, the vote standing — yeas, 87 ; 
nays, 17 'J. 

At the annual meeting in March, 1826, the town voted to 
dismiss an article in the warrant asking that the use of the 
meeting-house should be granted to the Universalist society 
on the second Sunday of the following September. 

Two more applications for the use of the house by the 
Universalists were denied, the vote on the last being — ^yeas, 
42; nays, 91. 

In MarcJi, 1818, Samuel Wilkins, Robert Means, William 
Fisk, Daniel Campbell, and David Stewart, were appointed 
to examine into the business transacted between the town 
and the Rev. Mr. Barnard, respecting his support during the 
continuance of the first contract, and also to report whether 
it was expedient to discharge him from taxes already 
assessed on him, and excuse him from taxation in future. 
They reported, 21 September, 1818, that in their opinion it 
would be equitable that the town should relinquish the 
taxes assessed on Mr. Barnard's interest in the middle of 
the town, including one horse and two cows and the real 
estate on which he now lives, and that for the future he be 
exempted from taxation on the same. Their report was 
accepted. 

In March, 1820, the town voted that all taxes assessed 
on Mr. Barnard, except those on his farm and stock now 
occupied by Joseph Spalding, should be remitted, and that 
he be excused from taxation this year, except on the 
property above named. 

In March, 1821, they voted to remit all taxes already 
assessed on Mr. Barnard, and that for the future he should 
not be taxed. 

Eight hundred and fifty dollars was raised annually for 
the salaries of the ministers until ] 823, when the selectmen 
received the following' letter from Mr. Lord : 



XII.] TIIR TOWN MINISTRY. 285 

•' AmIII.KST, MiMcll •_'•'). l^"-'). 

Tn the Sfilechiun of Am/ierst: 

(iKNTi.EMKN: 'I'lic prt'ssuro of tlie.so times upon tlio auriniltural 
iiitiTost, and tln^ willidravvinti' of a consiili'vaMf nnnilicr of llic inlial:- 
itants of this town iVoiii tin- siipiioil of the ministrv, niav have niadi' 
the liurdt'n of tlic ministerial .salary inconvi'iiirnt to many of tlic 
]>iTsons wiio are now called upon to l>ear it. 

ik'licving it to he the duty of minister.s to share, .so far as they can 
ronsistently do it, in whatever sacrifice may be thought necessary to 
thf maintenance of the (Jospel, I am freely disposed to abate .sonie- 
tliini;- of the ti'rms of my contract made with the town at my ordina- 
tion. Accordingly, 1 hereby relimpiish one liun(h-ed dollars of my 
stipulated annual salary, which will now, in view of the tax usually 
asses.sed on me, be reduced to a sum short of six hundred dollars. .\nd 
1 ill) this for so long a lime as the interests of religion in lliis [ilace 
may lie thought to retiuiie, or the necessary provision for my family 
will in any wi.se allow it. 

^'onrs, \-ery resjiecl fully. 

.\. I.OKD. 

(apt. .b)n\ SiX'OMBE, 

(ajit. i).\\ii;i, ('AMrBKLi,, 

Mr. isrs-AKi. Fii.i.KK." 

I''iiim tills time until IsiiS hut >^~')i) ;iiiiiii:illy was 
assessed to pay the ministers' salaries. In 1828,*?850 was 
raised, and iVom 1820 to 1831, inclusive, ><150 was voted 
I'oi- that |im-|i()se. in March, 1882, the town, not u'i-catly to 
its cfedil. \(jtcd to dismiss so much of the arlirjc in the 
warrant tor the annual meetinu- as rehited to Rev. Jeremiah 
Barnard's salary, and no provision was made for its pay- 
ment in 1833 or 1834. 

1 Septeml)er, 1834, they voted to malce no defence in the 
action commenced l)y Hev. Jeremiah IJarnanl against the 
town of Amherst. 

in January, lS2i». Mi-. Lord was alllicted with ;i violent 
cold, which affected his voice in such a manner that it was 
with ditliculty he could speak, lie however continued to 
supply tlic desk iiiilil the last Sunday in Februnry. wlim 
his \oice almost entirely failed. From tliat time until 
April, 1827, he was unable to ))reach. and was absent a 



286 HISTORY OF AMHERST, [Chap. 

great part of the time on joiirnej'S for the recovery of his 
health. He preached 12 A])ril, 1827, and his voice rapidly 
improved. In jMay, 1828, his voice again failed, and, being 
advised by physicians that the prospect of regaining it for 
some time at least was small, he accepted the presidency 
of Dartmouth College, to which he was elected in August 
of that year. 

In consequence of this he asked to be dismissed from the 
pastoral care of the church. 

A committee was appointed by the cliurch, shortly after, 
to act with the pastor in arranging for the meeting of a 
council to act upon the (piestion of his dismissal. 

The council met 22 October, 1828, and, after hearing the 
statements of the parties, voted that the relation existing 
between ^Mr. Lord and the church should be dissolved on 
and after the 22d of November following. 

o November, 1828, the town voted that the contract 
which existed between the town and Nathan Lord be 
dissolved, the dissolution to take place when the pastoral 
relation to the church should be dissolved. 

With the exception of carrying out the contract made 
with ^h\ Barnard, the agency of the town, in the support of 
the ministry, ceased with the dismission of Mr. Lord. 

Mr. Barnard died lo January, 1835, at the age of eighty- 
four years, nearly all the members of the church and con- 
gregation at the time of his settlement having preceded him 
to the grave. 

This closed the town ministry in Amherst. It embraced 
the pastorates of 

Daniel Wilkins, proprietary and town, 423- years ; 

Jeremiah Barnard, town and parish, 54f years; 

Nathan Lord, colleague, 12i years. 

At the annual meeting in March, 1835, the town voted 
that the mijiisterial fund, or so much of it as might be 
necessary for the purpose, should be appropriated to pay 
the claim of Rev. Mr. Barnard against the town, and at the 



XTL] THK TOWN MINISTRY. 287 

next !iiimi;il incctiuLf tli<' sclcrt incii r('|inrlcil tlinl llic\- IkmI 
piiid, in st.'tll<'nu'iil of ;m cxcciilion in l';i\()r of Mr. I5;ini;ii-(rs 
csliitc, the stun of •':=4T6.24. 

At a iiicrtiiiL;- lu'ld 22 March, L^oC, tli." town of Mont 
Vernon vittcil to take the "' ministerial money," .so caUed, 
to (U'fray the current expenses of tlie town, the same to he 
jtaid into the treasnry for that |»ur|)ose; and so the avails of 
the sale of the 'Mot for the ministry/' in Amliei'st, weiv 
disposed of. 

The town was fortunate in the seh'ction of its i-eli-jious 
teachers. Mr. NVilkins well di-serves the tith- of Fathei- of 
the town. Amonti' Hie (irst of the settlers, he identilied 
himself thoronuhly in all movements for their safety and 
well liciuu'. lie loilcil witli thcni in the forests and fields, 
shared their poverty, educated their children, and in limes 
of danger enconraged them hy his advice and examide. ll 
is gratifying- to know that in all their hitter dissensions, no 
one thought of assailing him. The inscription they causeil 
to l»e engraved on the stone which marks his Inirial place 
gives their estimate of his character. 

Mr. iKirnard was altogether unlike his ju'edccessor. His 
lot was cast in stormy times, among a divided {)eople. and he 
|)ossessed a will and energy to l)reast the storm. Not always 
wise (tr prudent in his utterances, his people soon learned 
that in a contest with him thei'e were hlows to take as well 
gi\c He lived and prospered where a man of a more (piiet 
and jx'aceahle disposition woidd have been crushed between 
lln' contending factions in the town. ^[orc tolerant of 
religions than jjolitical dil'ferenccs, he kept the peoj)le 
of his parish together, ami when he retired they were 
I'cady to give a cordial welcome to his snccessoi'. 

Mr. Lord came to his work while yet in the spring-lime of 
life, a thoroughly educated gentleman, with decided convic- 
tions and an imn will. The ci\il dissensions in the town 
had been healed hy the incorporation of the different 
parishes into towns : hut difiercin'es of opinion existetl in 



288 HISTORY OF AMHERST. [Chap. 

his church whieli he was called u))on to reconcile or combat. 
Into this contest he threw himself, with his whole energy, 
managing his case with consummate skill. The failure 
of his voice compelled his resignation, but he had tlioroughly 
prepared tliis place for the reception of his whole-souled, 
earnest successor, Silas Aiken. 



Xni.] THE CONGREGATIONAL CHURCH. 289 



CHAPTER XTir. 

CIirRCHES AND Rf]LirTlOUS SOCIETIES. 

THE rONGREGATIOXAL CHURCH. ITS COVENANT. SETTLEMENT 

OF MK. WII.KINS AND MR. RARNARD. SETTLEMENT OF MR. 

LORD. — THE UNITARIAN CONTROV^ERSY. — CLOSE OF MR. LORD's 
MINISTRY. — ORGANIZ.VTION OF THE CONGREGATIONAL CHURCH 
AND SOCIETY. — SETTLEMENT OF MR. AIKEN. — TEMPERANCE 
RESOLUTIONS. — RESIGNATION OF MR. AIKEN. — SETTLEMENT OF 

MR. ADAMS. HIS RESIGNATION. SETTLEMENT OF MR. SAVAGE. 

— ANTI-SLAVERY TROUBLES. — DISMISSAL OF MR. SAVAGE. 
— SETTLEMENT OF MR. DAVIS. — BUILDINCJ A NEW CHAPEL. 

THE '' LAWRENCE," " HARTSHORN," AND MUSIC FUNDS. 

ItESKJNATION OF DR. DAVIS. — SETTLEMENT OF MR. LELAND. 

OFFICERS, PRESENT AND PAST, OF THE CHURCH. ORGANIZA- 
TION OF THE UNIVERSALIST SOCIETY. THE CHRISTIAN, OR 

UNITARIAN, SOCIETY. — SETTLEMENT OF MR. SEWALL. — THE 
NEW MEETING-HOUSE BUILT. — SOLD TO THE BAPTIST SOCIETY. 
— THE FIRST BAPTIST SOCIETY. — ORGANIZATION OF THE BAP- 
TIST CHURCH ON CHESTNUT HILL. — REMOVED TO ''THE 

PLAIN." PURCHASE OF THE NEW MEETIN(;-HOUSE. PASTORS. 

THE MHTHUDLST SOCIETY. ITS ORGANIZATION. BUILDING 

AND DEDICATION OF THE CHAPEL. MINISTERS. CHURCH 

MUSIC. 

THE CONGREGATIONAL CHURCH. 

The Conuregalioiuil Church in Sonhegan West was 
organized 22 September, 1741, and consisted of Daniel 
Wilkins, the pastor elect, Samuel Leman, Lsrael Towne, 
Samuel Lanison, Caloh SMlos. and IIum})hrey Hobbs. 



290 HISTORY OP AMHERST, [Chap. 

On the following- day Mr. Wilkins was ordained and 
installed as its pastor. Tnunediatcly after the ordination 
services six females were admitted to church membership. 

The church was the third formed in Hillsborough county, 
— that in Nashua, organized in 1H85, and that in Notting- 
liam West (now Hudson), formed in 1737, only preceding 
it. 

The articles of its covenant wore as follows : 

"We give oursslves up to Go I, the Father, Sou, aud Holy (ihust, 
as the ouly liviug aud true (iod, aud unto -Jesus Christ, our only 
Saviour, Projihet, Priest, aud Kiug, avouching tire Lord to be our 
God, and by the assistance of his Holy Spirit to cleave unto this one 
God and Mediator, as persons in solemn covenant with him. 

2. We also promise to give up our natural offspring to the Lord, 
solemly binding ourselves to Avalk together in the ways of God's 
WQi'ship, and to cleave to his ordinances according to the rules of his 
word. 

.3. We promise to live in the mortification of our sin, and to endeav- 
our the mortitication of it in others, so far as the rules require, aud to 
submit ourselves to the government of Christ in his church, and obey 
the orders thereof. 

4. We promise to train up all under our care in tlie nurture and 
admonition of the Lord. 

5. We promise to walk before (Jod in oiu- houses, and maintain the 
worship of God therein. 

6. We promise to study to maintain the peace and purity of the 
worship of God with us, that the blessing of (iod may be vouchsafed 
to this part of his heritage." 

Humphrey Hobbs was elected deacon G January, 1742- 
43, but resigned the following year to enter the military 
service in the war then in progress against the French and 
Indians, and James Cochran was elected to fill the vacancy 
caused by his resignation. 

The sacrament of the Lord's supper was usually admin- 
istered five times in each year. 

The first baptism of which we have any record was that 
of Deborah, daughter of William and Sarah Lancy, in 
September, 1743. 



1 



XTIT.] THE rOXOREGATIONAL CHURCH. 201 

Neither Mr. Wilkins or Mr. Barnard left nincli aceount 
of the |)r()eeediii<is of the church diiiiii,«:' (heir jtastorates, 
and tlie little left is now mislaid or lost. 

Aftei' a ministry of thirty-i'oiir years, Mi-. \\'ilkins's 
faenlties, jjliysieal and mental, failed, and the town made 
preparations for settling a eoUeagne. After two or more 
ineffectual attemj)ts with other parties, Mr. Jei'emiah Barn- 
ard was invited to hecome colleague pastor with Mi'. 
Wilkins. He acce[)ted the invitation, and was ordained and 
installed '] ^larch, 1780. The action of the church in 
regard to jiis settlement has heen presei'ved and is here 
given. 

At a church meeting held in Amherst on Tuesday, 9 
Nov., ITTIi, Rev. Jacob Jiurnap, moderator, it was 

'• Voted, First that the (.'hurch were satisfied witli tlie ]>reachiiig and 
niiiiistratiou of Rev. .lereiiiiah liarnard since he has been anioni;- us. 

Secondly, Voted to give Mr. -Jeremiah Harnard a call and invita- 
tion to take file pastoral care and oversight of this Church and flock 
of our Lord Jesus Christ, and to settle with us in the (iospel ministry. 

Thirty-one were present, of whom twenty-six voted yea, and five 
voted nay. 

'riiirdly, voted to adjoiuii this meeting till .Monday next. 

.Monday, Nov. 15, 177!*. Tln' Ch'ch met according to adjournment. 
The first vote again called and passed in the affirmative. The second 

vote again called : yea.s, 47 ; nays, H. 

* *'* * ***«♦*♦»* 

Daa. Boutwell, l)>a. Wilkins, Jind John Shepar. I, jr., Esq., were chosen 
a committee to wait on Mr. Marnard and acquaint him with the pro- 
ceedings of the church. Amos Flint, -John Shepard, jr., Esq., and 
\^'illiam liiadford, were chosen a committee to wait upon the Select. 
men to reipiest them to call a town-meeting to see if the town will 
concur in giving -Mr. .Jeremiah Harnard a call and invitation to settle 
with us in the work of the (;osi)el ministry. Attest, 

.JACOB BLKNAl', Moderator. 

sAMl i;i. W II. KIN'S, Clirk. 

An account of the long ministry of Mr. Barnard may be 
foimd in another j)lace. At last propositions were made to 
him by the town for the settlement of a colleague to share 



292 HISTORY OF AMHERST. [Chap. 

the labors of the ministry with hiin. To these he returned 
a favorable answer, and, after hearing a candidate several 
Sabbaths, the church, at a meeting held 13 January, 181H, 
voted unanimously that Mr. Nathan Lord be invited to 
settle in the work of the ministry and take the oversight of 
this church and congregation, as colleague pastor with Rev. 
Jeremiah Barnard. 

Voted, that Rev. Mr. Barnard furnish Mr. Lord with a 
copy of the above vote. 

Robert Means, Esq., William Fisk, Esq., and Dr. Mat- 
thias kSpalding, were ap])ointed a committee to wait upon 
the selectmen of the town, acquaint them with the proceed- 
ings of the church, and request them to call a meeting of 
the town to see whether the town will concur with the 
church in the settlement of Mr. Lord in tlie work of the 
ministry, as above proposed, and what salary they will offer 
him for his support. 

The town liaving concurred with the church in giving 
Mr. Lord an invitation to settle in the ministry in this 
place, and made satisfactory provision for his support, he 
signified his acceptance of the call. 

A council was called for his examination and ordination, 
which met 22 May, 1816. The churches represented were 
those in Dunstable, Bedford, New Boston, Mont Vernon, 
Lyndeborougli, Wilton, Milford, and Brookline. Rev. 
Thomas Beede was chosen moderator of the council, after 
which Rev. Jeremiah Barnard and Rev. Asa McFarland 
were admitted as members. Mr. Beede then resigned the 
chair, and Rev. Mr. Barnard was elected moderator, and 
Mr. Beede scribe. 

Documents, consisting of the call of the church, the 
record of the action of the town, and the answer of Mr. 
Lord, were then laid before the council, after the reading 
of which the usual examination of the candidate was made, 
which, being satisfactory, the council voted to proceed to his 



XITT.] THE CONGREOATIOXAL CIirRCH. 293 

oi'diiiiition and iiistallalioii at half past eU'vrn o'clock this 
luoniinLi'. 

The exercises on tliis oecasion were: 

Prayer bv Rev. Th(>nias Beede, of Wilton. 

Sermon by Rev. Asa ^IcFarhmd, of Concord, fi-oni Mark 
XIII : 4. 

Consecrating jirayer hy Rev. David McGregor, of Red- 
ford. 

Charge by Rev. , Jeremiah Rai'nard. 

Right hand of feliowshi]) l»y Rev. IInni|ihi-ey >biore, of 
Milford. 

Conrlnding prayer Ity Rev. Ste]»hen Chapin, of Mont 
Vernon. 

Sanmel NVilkins resigned the ollice of deacon 1 .Tune, 
181(), on account of his age and inlirniities, and William 
Fisk and Dr. Mattliias S|talding were elected deacons : l)iit 
at a meeting held 1 July following, both decline(l the 
acceptance of the oHice. Richard Ruylston and Hphraim 
lUanchard were then elected, but neither accepted tiie 
app(jintment, and at a meeting held 23 August, 1<S1G, it 
was voteil that the election of deacons be indelinitely post- 
polieil. 

The siilij(M't was again brought up. shoitly after, and a 
committee was ap|toinle(l to ascertain the minds oi' the 
Itrethren upon the subject, and to esjiecially in(|uire who 
would be willing to serve the church in the ollice. 

.") May. 1 Si 7. the committee re|iorte»l a list of names fi-om 
which a selection might be )nade,and,at a meeting held 2'.' 
.May, havid Holmes and Matthias Spalding were chosen, 
and set apart for the service by prayer. 

hi-. Spalding, at that time, retained his connection with 
the church in Chelmsford, Mass., from wjiich his relations 
were transferred by letter, dated IG November, 1817, which 
was laid before the church in Andierst '■) May, 181>>. when 
it was voted to receive him as a member of the church in 
this place. 



294: HISTORY OP AMHERST. [Chap. 

17 December, 1820. The church voted that it cordially 
approved the a])poiiitment of the twenty-second day of 
December instant as a day of thanksgiving among the 
churches in New Eugland, and would observe that day for 
the same pious purpose. Mr. Lord was requested to pre- 
pare and deliver a discourse suited to the occasion. 

David Holmes resigued the office of deacon 17 x4.pril, 
1823, and the church voted to accept his resignation. 

Edmund Parker was chosen deacon 1 November, 1823, 
but declined the appointment. Afterward, Amos Elliott 
was chosen, who accepted it. 

A communication from Chaides H. Atherton, David 
Holmes, Ephraim Blanchard, and Elizabeth Holmes, was 
laid before the church 30 May, 1821, in which they stated 
that they liad united themselves with the " Christian 
society" in Amherst, and with others contemplated forming 
a church in said society on Congregational principles : 
wherefore they requested a vote of the church transferring 
their connection, as church members, to take effect when 
they should have become members of the church to be 
formed. They also asked that it might be accompanied 
with a certilicate of their membership and regular standing, 
agreeably to the usages of the Cou'^regational churclies in 
New England. 

This application was referred to a committee who report- 
ed, 21 June, 1821, that as the petitioners had already 
separated themselves from the worship and communion of 
the church, contrary to tlie rules of the gospel, the tenor of 
their covenant engagements, and the usages of the Congre- 
gational churches in New England, they could no longer be 
considered members in regular standing, and, therefore, 
could not be recommended as such. Tliat while the church 
could not pretend to question the civil right of the peti- 
tioners to institute such forms of religion as they might 
deem proper and expedient, and although the exercise of 
this right had virtually disclaimed the fellowship and 



XUI.] CONGREGATIONAL ClirilCII AND SOCIETY. 295 

;iiitli(ti-ity of the cliiircli, the cliiiirli (-(mid put no ivstraiiit 
upon tlicni liirtluT than to remind them of theii* eoviMiant 
obli<i"atious. Iiut must h'a\e them lo the dreision of a higher 
t I'ihunal. 

In eonidusion they reeouuuendcd that \\hcnc\t'r tlic peti- 
tioners had lormeil t heniselves into a rliiireii, as proposed, 
the eouiieetioii witii tliis ehuridi should he eonsi(h'i-ed as 
dissohcd. 

Whieh report was aeeejited. and the vote recommended 
was passiMJ unanimously, and a e(»jiy was oi'(h're(l to he 
transmittt'd to the petitioners. 

A simihir eomnuuiicatiou frijni Ejthraim French and Tim- 
othy Nichols was answered in like manner. 

Mr. Lord's ministry continue(l until 22 Novemhei", 1828, 
on whieli day his connection witii the town and church was 
dissolve(L He had been sul'fei-ing for a lon<^ time from the 
effects of a violent cold, whiidi had, at times, pre\ented 
him from preachin<i', and even s[)eaking aloud. Being 
ad\ise(| hy physicians that his recovery was doul)tful. he 
accepted tiie presidency of Ihiitnuiuth College, whiidi was 
(dfered iiim in August, 1828. 

CONOIIEGATIONAL CllUIiCIl AND SOCIETY. 

With the exception of carrying out the agreement entered 
into with Mr. Uarnaid in ITSO, the agency of the town in 
the sujijfort of tiie ministry ceased with the I'csignation of 
.Mr. Lord. 

.V meeting of the citizens interested in the snlijeet was 
hehl o Octoher, 1828, at which a society was formed under 
the name ami title of the " Congregational Church and 
Society " in Andierst. 

I'Mnnmd Tarkei- was chosen clerk. David .McCregor 
Means, ti-easurer, .John Ma(d<, James JJell, and Richard 
Ijoylston. standing committee, and John Secomhe, Robert 
Means, and David Stewart, auditors. 

Measures were at once taken for action with the c huich 
committee in procuring a suj)ply for the ]jul[tit. 



296 HISTORY OP AMHERST. [Chap. 

PROCEEDINGS OF THE CHURCH, 

6 October, 1828, Dea. Matthias Spalding, Dea. John 
Hartshorn, David Fisk, 3d, Elijah Putnam, and Bartholo- 
mew Dodge, were chosen a committee to act in behalf of 
the church with a committee of the "Congregational Church 
and Society" in Amherst in procuring a supply for the desk, 
or a candidate for settlement, as soon as Mr, Lord ceases 
to supply the desk, 

Edmund Parker was elected clerk. 

The committee reported, 1 January, 1829, that tlicy, and 
the committee appointed by the Congregational Church and 
Society, had contracted with Mr. Silas Aiken to su|)ply the 
desk four Sabbaths, wliich he had done ; that tliey then 
engaged him to })i'each four Sabbaths as a candidate for 
settlement, one of which had passed ; and that the 
present meeting was called to consider the expediency of 
giving him a call to settle with the church and society as a 
gospel minister. 

It was then moved and voted that the church invite Mr. 
Silas Aiken to settle in the work of the gospel ministry 
with them, and take the oversight and watch of the church 
and the '• Congregational Church and Society," in Amherst, 
as colleague witli Rev. Jeremiah Barnard. 

The committee was requested to lay a copy of the 
proceedings of the churcli before the society at their annual 
meeting on Monday next, and ask their concurrence therein, 
and also in providing a suitable support for Mr. Aiken, and, 
in case of their concurrence, the committee was authorized 
to act with the committee of the society in giving him a 
call. 

19 January, 1829. The society voted to concur with the 
church in their vote giving Mr, Silas Aiken an invitation to 
settle with them, and take the oversight and watch of the 
church and of the society, as a gospel minister. 

They also agreed to pay him the sura of $600 per 
annum, for his services, for so long a time as he should 



XTTT.] CONGRKr.ATIONAT. rill-Rrn AND SOCTETY. 207 

Continue to perform the duties ol a pastor to the church, 
an<l a niiiiister to the society, the same to lie paid in scnii- 
annual installments, and, in case he should wish it, to ullou 
him a \a( ation of two ov three Sabbaths each yeai-. 

A i-ecord of the action of the church and society was 
communicated to Mr. Aiken l>y the committees of the twcj 
oruani/.ations. accompaniiMl Ity the following" letter: 

"A.MiiKHST, .lamiarv 1!>. l>^L'i). 
,1//-. Si/as Ai/,i n : 

Dkak Sir : The undersijfiied, a coiiiiiiitttM' nt' llio Chinfli in tliis 
2)laft', under tlie I'astoral care ot the Kes\ .Icrciiiiah Harnanl, and a 
('(inmiittee of the Congregational Church and Society in Amherst, in 
|>ursuance ol' votes of said Church and Society, herewith present you 
with a copy of the record of the proceedings of the Ciiurch, givnig 
you an invitation to settle with them in- the work of the (lospel 
ministry, and take the oversight and watcli of the church and Society, 
as Colleague Pastor over the Church witii the Kev. .Jeremiah Haruard. 
Also a copy of the record of the proceedings of the Society, concurring 
with the Chinch in giving you said invitation, and tixing the sum 
liiey propose to offer you as a support or salary. 

Tile Conunittee beg leave to adtl their earnest request that you w ill 
accept the invitation and settle with them as tiieir nunister. 

Should you be pleased to give an alhrmative answer, the Clmrcli 
will be ready t^ enter into a contract for the payment of your salary 
and make the necessary arrangements for your ordination. 

With sentiments of great resj)ect and affection, we are, Dear Sir, 
your sincere friends. 

MAI I HI AS SI'A!.1)I\(;, .lA.MKS lU:i.i.. 

.loilN II Ai!iSiI(H;\. Ji:.. .lollX .MA( K. 

i;i.l.lAli n INA.M. illCilAi;!) I'.o^ I.SKiN. 

i)A\ii) I'l.sK, :;i... i)A\!i» .M.(;. .mi;an>. 

UAi; IlKU.O.MKW DolXii:. KDMl Nl) I'AIIKKK, 

Ciiiiiiiiiftce (if lliv Cliiinli. Cnminittee of the Society." 

^Ir. Aiken's reidy : 

" '/'(* t/ie coiiimitlifs itf (III Cijiiffref/utioiitil C/inn/i ^- Sotirti/ in .Im/itrst : 
Dkah Bhkturen & FuiKNDs: I acknowledge the receipt of your 
joint invitation to settle with you in the work of the (Jospel Ministry. 
However arduous and responsible the work to which you have called 
me, and however incompetent I must feel myself to i>erfnrm it in a 
manner acceptable to God and profit able to you. yet such were the 



298 HISTORY OF AMHERST. [Chap. 

circumstances of your request as to render the decision on my part 
far less ditticult than it might otherwise have been. 

From the first it has been my purpose to labor in the Lord's vine- 
yard, wheresoever in his providence he might plainly point me ; and, 
after a prayerful consideration of the subject of your invitation 
believing, as I do, that an indication of duty is now given me, I 
hereby signify my acceptance, and, relying upon the assistance of 
Almighty God, and moreover upon your Christian kindness and 
sympathy, I am ready to labor among you in the (iospel of Christ, 
according to the ability wliich God giveth. 

I will only add that the very recent date of my " license to preadi the 
Gospel" and consequently a want ft suitable preparation for the multi. 
plied duties to which you have been pleased to call me may for some 
time render exchanges more fre(pient than otlierwise T could have 

desired. 

Yours in Christian affection, 

SILAS AIKEN. 
January 31, 1829." 

Mr. Aiken, having accepted the call, a council was called, 
which met at the chapel 4 Marcli, 1829, and w^as organized 
by the choice of Rev. John H. Church, moderator, and 
Rev. Humphrey Moore, scribe. 

After examining the papers laid before them, and the 
pastor'elect, the council voted to proceed to his ordination. 

The church, society, and ordaining council, accompanied 
by a band, marched in procession from the chapel to the 
meeting-house, where the ordination services were per- 
formed. 

Rev. Mr. Savage, of Bedford, offered the opening prayer. 

Rev. Mr. Green, of Boston, preached the sermon. 

Rev. Mr. Smith, of Hollis, offered the consecrating 
prayer. 

Rev. Dr. Church, of Pelham, gave the charge. 

Rev. Mr. Richards, of Francestown, the right hand of 
fellowship. 

Rev. Mr. Nott, of Dunstable, the address to the church 
and society. 

And Rev. Mr. Bradford, of New Boston, offered the 
closing prayer. 





c^i_. C^-^/ eJ^^z. 



XI II.] C0N(1RF-:(IATI()NAL CHUUCII AND SOCIKTV. '200 

Tilt' onliiKition services wore intcrcstiiiir and iiiipn'ssivo, 
and were listrncil to with pi-oloimd attcidioii Ity tlic largo 
aiidiciH'c in attt-iidaiu'c 'riic luiisic, hy a sclccl choir, 
iiiuN'f ihc direction (d' J)r. Amiirosc Scatoii, was c.\c«dlcnl. 

Hon. I'Mniund Parker resigned the ollicc of cleik, S April, 
lN21',and Kev. Silas Aiken was chosen in his place. Aai-on 
Lawrence was chosen assistant clerk, and it was voted to 
contril)nte the sum of twenty dollars .innnally. for \'\\r 
years, to the funds of Dartnionth College. 

I'MniiiniJ I'aiker was elected d(acon.l."» Mav, IsrJd, and 
accc|ited t hf a|iiitiinl mml . 

TK.Ml'KllANCK. 

The Inllowinu' rcsolntions wci'e adopted Ii\' the ('nngrega- 
tional Cliiii'i'li in IS^lO, jnid signe(l l)y ili!4 of its memhers. 

" 1. Ji{si)liHil,i\\-di\u our lu'lii-r tliL- iiM' ol' iirdfut spiiit.s lias lii-oii,L;ht 
disgrace uii our liiglily favored land, and ruin on tlmusands of our 
fellow-citizt'iis. 

!*. Ri'soli-ri/, that it is the duly of every true patriot and friend of 
iii> coiiiitry to exert his utmost endeavors to put an ciiil to this 
di.suracei'ul and destructive practice. 

:}. Rrsofved, that in our oi>inioii the use of ardent spirits has l>eeii 
productive of iiinnnierahle evils to the church of Christ ; that it lia.s 
ruined the souls of men, hindered the progress and ertect of truth, 
brought great and deservetl reproach on the professors of religion, and 
through them on the cau.se of Christ. 

i. Itvsdlnil, that it is the duty of every professed follower of Christ 
to use his utmost etVortsto put a stop to this great sin, and so remove 
this stuinl>ling hlock out of the way, and for this purpose not only 
to refrain from the use himself, but to u.se his influence to induce 
others to refrain. 

."). Itesoliuil, that we whose names are suliscribed to these resolu- 
tions, memhers of this church, will abstain from the use of ardent 
.spirits our.selves, except as a medicine, ami will in every projx-r way 
diseountenance and discourage the use of them in others. 

<!. lie.solreii, that we will endea\or, by the blessing of (iOD, to live 
up to the spirit of these resolutions, that in the words of our covoiiaiit 
the blessing of (iOD may be vouchsafed to this jiart of his heritage." 

Judge Parker resigned the ollice of deacon jirior to his 
removal to Nashua, and Abel Downe was chosen to fill the 



300 HISTORY OF AMHERST. [Chap. 

vacancy, 21 June, 1836. David Fisk, 3d, was chosen 
deacon, 18 November, 1836, in place of Dea. Seaton, 
deceased, and Cyrus Eastman was chosen to that office 30 
December, 1836. 

30 December, 1836. The meeting-house building com- 
mittee was authorized to sell and convey all the right the 
church had in the old chapel building, should they meet 
with a favorable opportunity so to do, it being understood 
that the proceeds of the sale were to be applied toward 
defraying the expense of removing and altering the meet- 
ing-liouse. 

14 February, 1837. Rev. Mr. Aiken stated to the church, 
verbally, and in writing, that he had received an invitation 
to settle with the Park street church, in Boston, in the 
ministry, which, after due consideration, he had decided to 
accept. He desired that a mutual council might be called 
to consider the case, and dismiss him, if they thought 
proper. 

The church reluctantly voted to grant his request, and 
appointed a committee to join with him in calling a council. 

A committee was appointed, 21 February, 1837, to make 
provision for the accommodation of the council, and to lay 
before them every thing they might deem proper in regard 
to the request of Mr. Aiken. 

The council met 28 February, and, after hearing the state- 
ments of the committee and pastor, voted that the connec- 
tion existing between Mr. Aiken and the church, as pastor 
and people, be dissolved. 

Provision was made, in conjunction with the society, for 
the supply of the pulpit by candidates and others after the 
withdrawal of Mr. Aiken, and on the 21st day of August 
following the church voted to give Mr. Frederick A. Adams 
a call to settle with them in the work of the ministry, and 
chose a committee to act in concert with a committee 
of the society in the matter. 



XI IT.] CONGRECATION AL cnfRril AND SOCIETY. :^01 

A call liavin<^ been given to Mr. Ailanis, and accoptod, a 
committee was chosen, 2 October, 1837, to act with a com- 
mittee of the society in calling a conncil for his ordination. 

The cniiniil met 14 November. Rev. Ephraim l*. lirad- 
ford was chosen moderator, and Rev. David Ferry, scril)o. 
The examination of the candidate being satisfactory, it 
was voted to proceed to his ordination on the followinir 
day, and the parts were assigned as follows : 

Invocation and readinii' of the scriptnres. l^•v. l>.i\id 
Perry, of Mollis. 

Introdnctory jtrayer. Rev. John \V. Siiller. of .Millnnl. 

Sermon, Rev. Nathan J^ord, of Hanover. 

Ordaining prayer, Rev. Thomas Savage, of Bedford. 

Charge to the pastor, Rev. Humphrey Moore, of Millnrd. 

Right h;ind of followshi)), ]\ov. Kdwin drnnisoii. of .Mont 
Vernon. 

Address to the peojile, Kev. lOphniiiu \\ ihadford. of New 
Boston. 

Concluding jjraycr, Kev. Austin l\irliards, of Nashua. 

1!» December, 1837, it was voted to pay -^100 from the 
church funds to the building committee of the meeting- 
house to relieve them from the liabilities they have neces- 
sarily incurreil in completing the house, and that the same 
Ite paid pi-ioi- to the 1st day of January, 1838. Forty 
dollars additional was voted to be ])aid as soon as the same 
could be s|»ai-ed from the funds of the church. 

11 February, 1840, 'Vl 0(1 nioie was voted for the same 
purpose, fifty dollars to be jiaid immediately, and fifty 
dollars more when the state of the treasury would admil of 
it. 

11 August, 1840, Mr. Adams read a communication to 
the church resigning his ollice as pastor, which was 
accepted at a meeting held one week subsetpiently, ami Dr. 
Matthias Spalding, Aaron Lawrence, and Dea. David Fisk, 
were appointed a c(unmittee to join witli Mr. Adams in 
calling a mutual council for his dismission. 



302 HISTORY OF AMHERST. [Chap. 

Tlie council, which met 24 September, 1840, organized 
by the appointment of Rev. Humphrey Moore as moderator, 
and Rev. David Perry, scribe. After hearing the state- 
ments of all parties interested who chose to appear, they 
voted that the pastoral relation existing between Rev. Mr. 
Adams and the chnrch in Amherst should be, and hereby 
is, dissolved. 

Nothing appearing against tlie character of Mr. Adams 
as a Christian minister, or as a man, he was " cordially 
recommended to the Church of Christ as an able and faith- 
ful minister of the Lord Jesus." 

At a meeting held 21 December, 1840, the church voted 
to give Rev. William T. Savage a call to settle with them 
in the gospel ministry. 

11 January, 1841, a committee was chosen 

" To extend to Mr. Savage an invitation to settle with us as our 
minister, and to contract with him for his annual.siipport." 

Mr. Savage gave an affirmative answer to the invitation 
of the committee, and a council was called by which he was 
examined, approved, and installed. 

The services of iiistallation took place 24 February, 1841, 
the different parts of the exercises being performed as 
follows : 

Invocation and reading of the scriptures. Rev. David 
Perry, of Hollis. 

Introductory prayer, Rev. James Means, of Concord, 
Mass. 

Sermon, Rev. Thomas Savage, of Bedford. 

Prayer of installation. Rev. Austin Richards, of Nashua. 

Charge to the pastor, Rev. Humphrey Moore, of Milford. 

Right hand of fellowship. Rev. Benjamin F. Clark, 
Chelmsford, Mass. 

Address to the people. Rev. Jonathan McGee, of Nashua. 

Concludiug prayer, Rev. Stephen T. Allen, of Merri- 
mack. 



XIII.] rONOREflATIONAL C'HriiCII AM) SOflKTV. ?>()-\ 

ABOLITION TROUBLKS. 

At this time the riiihtfuliiess of AiVicau .slavery in (liis 
coiuitrv hi'Lran to l>e eoiisidci-ed in the ehtireh. 
^ At a nieetiii-- held 1 7 Fel)nian-, 1 841, Dea. David Fisk 
]>residing, Bro. Luther Melendy presented an '• aholition 
resolution," which was accepted for discussion. Aftiu- 
whi(di it was xoted to dismiss it. Brother Aaron Lawrence 
then otTered resolutions upon the same suhject, \vhi(di, alter 
discussion, were laid upon the talde, and the meetini; 
adjourned. 

The au'itation of the slavery question and the attitude of 
the ehureh in regard to it, produee(l an alienation of feeling 
on the ])art of some of its memhers, who refused any lon<rer 
to assist in the support of preacdung', aiul cncouraiicd the 
estahlishment of, and attendance upon, a meetiuL;' in the 
ehapi'l on the Sabbath in opposition to the reu'idar services 
in the church. 

^ In consequence of these oft'ences, brothers Luther Me- 
lend\ and Loea Pratt, after ha\"inii' been visited by coniuiit- 
tees of the church, and refusing' U) give satisfaction, were, 
by vote of the church, 18 May, 1841, excommunicated from 
its fenowship. 

Sympathy with the members tlius excluded called forth a 
communication from eight other members of the church, in 
whi(di, after reviewing the action of the churcdi, they stated 
that tlu-y held the same l)(diet' that the excomuumicated 
brethren avowed, and asked that they too might be cut olT 
from the churcdi oi'ganization as persons who could no 
longer fellowshij) with them as a Christian chiin h. 

On th(> receipt of this communication, at a nu'eting held 
15 June, 1S41, a committee was ai)j)ointed 

"To draft a reply, and to visit tln:- siyiitMs llieroof, and tu endeavor 
to correct their misapprehension and misstatement of the j^ronnd.s of 
the chure-h ai-tion, and recover them to a proper state of Christian 
feelinii- and conduct." 



304 HISTORY, OP AMHERST. [Chap. 

At a meetino- held 29 June, 1841, a series of resohitions, 
adopted by the Hillsborough County Conference, in relation 
to the subject of slavery, was laid before the church, and 
adopted by a large majority. 

After deferring action upon the request of the petitioners 
to be excluded for some time, and hearing statements from 
some of them in church meeting, it was finally voted that, 
with two exceptions (one had died and the other had not 
been visited), the request of the petitioners should be 
granted. 

At a meeting lield 15 ]\[arch, 1842, another of the peti- 
tioners was excluded, at his own request. 

4 April, 1843. Difficulties having arisen between the 
pastor and some of the members of the church, a mutual 
council was called, which met, and, after hearing the state- 
ments of the parties interested, who wished to be heard, 

" Voted, that it is expedient that the relation existing between the 
Rev. William T. Savage and this church be, and hereby is, dissolved." 

22 April, 1844. The church voted to give Rev. J. G. 
Davis a call to settle with them in the gospel ministry, and 
chose Aaron Lawrence, Daniel Campbell, Daniel Hartshorn, 
Elijah Putnam, and David Stewart, a committee to join a 
committee of the society (should the society concur with 
the church) in giving Mr. Davis a call. 

The society concurring with the church, an invitation was 
given to Mr. Davis, and accepted. 

A council was called, and he was ordained 22 May, 1844. 
The exercises on that occasion were as follows : 

Invocation and reading of the scriptures, Rev. Mr. Aiken, 
of Hollis. 

Introductory prayer. Rev. Mr. Warner, of Milford. 

Sermon, Rev. Mr. Rogers, of Boston. 

Ordaining prayer. Rev. Mr. Savage, of Bedford. 

Right hand of fellowship. Rev. James Means, of Concord, 
Mass. 



XI II.] CONCItKCATIONAI, CUnUMI AND SOCHnV. •".(!.") 

Addivss to llic I cdiilc. Hex. M.-iItlirw Ilalc Sliiilli. oT 
Xasliiiii. 

('(iiirliiiliiiLi" pravci'. l\r\. 1 1 iiiiiphri'v .Moori'. of .Millm-d. 

•_* .I:iiiiiaiy, lS4r). I>ani:il):is 15. I>;i\iil and liicliard Hoyl- 
sloii ucic elected deacons. Mr. I >;i\ id arcejttcd, an<l .Mr. 
r>()\ Istoii declined, the ajti)uintnient. 

Tlic want of ;i more siiitalilc room lor the social meetings. 
of the chnrch havinu' long' been felt, the erection of a new 
laiildinti', sej)arat(^ from the cluirch edilice, was jirojected hy 
ilie late .Mrs. IJoliert .Means, who hea(h'd the snhseriptioii 
list with a liberal snni. which was followed with e(|iial lihei-- 
ality with suhscriotions l)y Mr. irichard IJoylston and 
otheis. the church contributing ><100. After some contro- 
vers\ in reuard to the location of the l)uilding, a site wa.s. 
aureed upon, and the house erected. 

The work was jjerforined i)y Messrs. Jotiiam llaiTshorii 
and sons in a highly acceptable manner, and the house was 
dedicated :^'> January, iSoO, at which lime an ap|»roj»riatc 
discourse was picached by Rev. Mi-. Davis from Col. iii : IG. 

The Ituilding is 44 x 2s fret, with 14 feet posts, and cost 
about s=l,<)U(l. 

The old chapel, formeily the court-house, erected in ITSs.. 
was sold to Harrison Eaton, in 18ti7. 

At a meeting of the church, held 4 Sc|>tcmbcr, 1800^ 
leave of absence for si.\ months wjs granted to the pastor, 
to enable him to solicit funds for the benelit of Dartmouth 
College. 

The Sunday-school connecte<l with the church, in .March, 
187;>, consisted of .". ollicers, IT teachers, and lOO pupils, 
anil was under the direction of Capt. (Jeo. W. Uoswcu-th, 
siiperinlendent. 

l*id)lic worship, which iiad been suspended for six Sun- 
days, while the audience room in the meeting-house was 
undergoing rejiairs, was resumed 12 November, 1S73. 

The sum of >=1,4<I0, a legacy left by Dca. Aaron Law- 
rence for the establishment of a fund to lie known as the 
•Jn 



306 HISTORY OF AMHERST. [Chap. 

" Lawrence fund," for the support of public worship in the 
Congregational Church, of which he was a member, was 
placed in the Nashua Savings Bank by his executors, 23 
November, 1870. It was provided that the extra dividends 
on the deposit should be added to the principal, and the 
regular dividends drawn annually and applied to the pur- 
poses specified in the will. Should the church at any 
time become extinct, the fund is to be transferred to the 
New Hampshire Missionary Society, and its annual income 
applied in carrying on the work of that organization. 

The sum of -t-'OO was donated to the church, 24 November, 
1877, by Jotham Hartshorn, Esq., for the establishment of 
a fund to be known as the " Hartshorn fund." This fund 
is to be kept at interest, and its annual income appro- 
priated for the support of preaching in the Congregational 
Church in Amherst. Should the church at any time 
become extinct, this fund also is to be transferred to the 
New Hampshire Missionary Society, and its annual income 
used in the work of that society. 

A fund of ff^SOO for the support of music in the church is 
now invested in the bonds of the Nashua and Lowell rail- 
road. 

After a long and faithful ministry, Kev. Dr. Davis 
resigned his pastorate. The letter containing his resigna- 
tion was laid before the church 19 May, 1879, and was as 
follows : 

" Christian Broth rs and Friends : 

As you are about to make an aiTangenient for the support of the 
ministry for another year, it has seemed to me proper that T should 
anticipate the communication which would regularly be submitted 
fii'st to the chui'ch, by informing you that I wish to relinquish my 
pastoral charge at an early day. 

I tind myself so hindered in my work by certain infirmities of body 
that I am j)ersuaded that 1 can not longer fulfill the duties of my 
office with comfort to myself and with profit to you. T shall accord- 



XI 11.] conguk(;ati(»nal ( hi ik ii and so( iktv. oUT 

iiii^ly iiiviti' tliL' Clmrch Id uiiitr with nn' in iiH'iisuri's Inr tin- ilisxilii- 
tioii ol'tlu; jiastnral rt-latioii. 

\\"n\\ ( Inistian love, your rastoi-, 

.1. (;. D.wis. 

The i-csiirii:iti()ii ul' Dr. Davis wa.s accepted, ami a .series 
ul resoliitioii.s, expressivt* ol" the teeiiiiu's of the church 
tdwanl liiui, was |iassecl at a lucctiiiL;; licjil li'.i May, 18"!'. 

I\c\. N\'iu. Clark, h. !>., was appDiiited to act on the p;irt 
ol the church with a conunittee of the society iu procui'iuu' 
su|t|>lies for the desk. 

At a meeting' iicid '.• I >ccciiilici-. 1S7'.'. the church xotcd 
to uivc Mr. Willis D. Leland a call to heeonie its pastor, 
which action haxinu' been coiieui"re(l in hy the society, a call 
was uiviTi, which was accepted hy Mi'. Iceland 3 January, 
Isso. A council was called, which, after the usual exam- 
ination, jjroeeeded to his ordination, 21 January, 18.S(j, 
whi-n the report of proeecdinirs of council were read by Rev. 
D. r.. Scott. 

Prayer was olVered l»y Rev. C. \V. Wallace, i>. i>. 

Reading of seri|»turcs, by Rc\. K. !•'. Xorris. 

Sermon, by Rev. K. 15. Wchb, tVoni .biim w i : :^<>. 

Ordaininir prayer, by lve\. 1"'. Ahord. 

Charii'c to ])astor, l)y Re\. !•'. I', .^aiucnt. 

Riirht hand of fellowship, tiy lJc\. ]•]. <;. ."-^ddcn. 

Addros to the people, liy Rex. .1. (i. Davis. 

At a meetiuii- held S April, 1S8(», (he (diureh voted to 
adopt the use of the "unfermented juice of the grape" for 
sacramental pnr])Oses. 

.V rcipiest that the use (»f wine might be continued to 
those that preferrecl it was rtderred to a c<immittee of the 
otVicers of the idmrch, who, being ecpially divide<l in their 
o|)inions, made two rejxtrts, — one recommending that the 
]trayer of the petitioners be granted, and the otiier beimr 
o]»posed to it. The last named report was accepted and 
adopted. 



308 HISTORY OF AMHERST. [Cliaj). 

At the same meeting it was voted that the sisters of the 
church be allowed to vote in the choice of deacons at this 
meeting, and that they be allowed to vote at all future 
meetings of the church on the same terms as the brothers. 

A change was made in the tenure of the office of deacon, 
by which it was arranged that there sliould be four of these 
officers, one retiring each year. The change, however, was 
not to affect those then in office. In accordance with this 
vote, Daniel W. Sargent and Joseph E. Fowle were elected 
deacons, the term of the first to expire 1 May, 1883, and 
the term of the last, 1 May, 1884. 

A series of rules for the government of the church was 
adopted 29 October, 1880. 

The whole number of members wlu:) have been admitted 
to the church by letter and profession since 22 May, 1816, 
is 747. The whole number of members 1 ]\Iay, 1881, was 
189, — 56 males and 133 females. 

The officers of the church, 1 January, 1882, were 

Rev. AVillis 1). Leland, Pastor. 
Barnabas B. David, 
Aaron S. Wilkins, 
1 )aniel W. Sargent, 
Joseph E. Fowle, Deacons. 

PASTORS OF THE t'ONCJREGATIONAL CHrRCH. 

Daniel Wilkins, ordained and installed 23 Sept., 1741 ; d. 11 Feb., 1784. 
Jeremiah Barnard, ord. and inst. 3 March, 1780; d. 15 rian., 1835. 
Nathan Lord, ord. and inst. 22 May, 1816; dis. 22 Nov., 1828; d. 9 

Sept., 1870. 
Silas Aiken, ord. and inst. 4 March, 1829; dis. 5 March, 1837; d. 7 

April, 1869. 
Frederick A. Adams, ord. and inst. 15 Xov., 1837 ; dis. 24 Sept., 1840. 
William T. Savage, inst. 24 Feb., 1841 ; dis. 4 April, 1843. 
Josiah G. Davis, ord. and inst. 22 May, 1844; dis. 22 Jan. 1880. 
Willis D. Leland, ord. and inst. 22 Jan. 1880. 

DEACONS. 

Elected, Resigned, 'Died, Age, 

Humphrey Hobbs, G Jan., 1743 1744 1756 44 

Joseph Bontell, 3 June, 1743 19 :\Lxv, 1795 88 



XIII. ■] (III i;(Hi:S .VNI> SoriKTIKS. :'.<•'.» 





DE.VCONS. 












Kl.Tl 


ii'.i. 


K.mkm.mI. 


Ki.il. 




A«. . 


.James Cocliiaii. 




1711 




.-. .Ian.. 


1771 




Saniiit'l Wilkius, 


111 .Ian.. 


1771 


isit; 


•_'7 Dee.. 


1S:L' 


!MI 


.Iiiliii Scaloii. 


lit .Ian.. 


1771 


17.N 




17!»:5 




Naliiini lialdwiii. 


IK .Ian.. 


1771 




7 .May. 


178S 


:>i 


Kpliraiiii IJarkt-r. 


IS .Inne. 


17SS 




2!l Sept., 


. 1M)0 


(58 


.losliiia I.ovcjoy, 


is .Inne, 


17S8 


17!ll 


Js Jan.. 


1832 


f8 


Aiiins Klliott, 


■■\ Sept., 


1795 




7 April, 


18(17 


.')2 


•loliii Soaton, jr.. 


:} Sept., 


17!).') 




•i ( )ct.. 


is:}ii 


NO 


.loliii llartsliurn. 


1 Sept., 


ISOS 




28 Nov., 


1842 


8:J 


Matthias Spaliliii-. 


■JU .May, 


1817 




22 :\Iay. 


lStJ.5 


!).") 


Daviil IIoliiu's, 


1>!) .May, 


1S17 


182:; 


1 Nov., 


18(57 


8!> 


-Villus Klliott, jr.. 


1 Nov., 


1S2;} 




27 -Vpril 


, lS2(i 


n 


KiIiiiuikI I'arktT, 


1.-) .M.iy, 


1S:52 


18:Jt; 


S Sept., 


18.-)(i 


■";[ 


Abel Dowuf, 


•Jl .Jan.. 


is:j(; 




28 .Sept., 


ISJit 


.'>2 


Davi.l Fisk, ;3d, 


IS Nov., 


ls:5(i 


lS(i» 


2.' .Inne, 


1S7;5 


S(l 


Cyrus Kastinaii. 


.'.It Dec, 


is;3i{ 




17 Dec, 


lS(i2 


7."> 


IJanial.as H. Davi.l. 


•J .Jan., 


1S4.5 










K.lwanl I). IJoylstoii, 


1-J Aj.ril, 


, ISili 


1S7N 








Aaron Lawrence, 


2 Nov., 


ISOO 




1 Sept. 


, 18(17 


<!2 


Cliarl.'s 11. David, 


2 Nov.. 


1S71 


1871 


17 Oct., 


18SI1 


• ;.-. 


Aaron S. Wilkius. 


!) .\pril, 


, 1S71 










Zaedieus (i. Perry. 


!) April 


, 1S74 


188(1 








|)aniel W. Sargent. 


s April 


, ISSO 










•losepli K. Kowle. 


s April 


, isso 











THK INIVFIISALIST SOfJKTV. 

'.I .Sc|»t('iul»('r, iSl'J, piiijlif notice was uivcu liy Israel 
Fiilk'i-, clerk of the .society, that Ehcr Lawrence, Isaac 
Chickerinii-, and otheis, had lonned themselves into a 
rcliiriniis socit'ty to he known l»y the name and style of the 
'* I'niviTsalist Society " in Amherst. 

THi: (ilinsTI.W OU INIIAIM-VN SOCJETV. 

Piihlic notice was unven, -1 .Maich. lsi»4. l,y |)a\id 
Holmes, clerk of the society, that on the L'4th day <d" that 
month Charles 11. Atherton. Havid Holmes, Kphraim l>lan- 
cliard. ]•]. v. Wallace, and otln-rs. had associated and formed 
them.sehes into a relij.^ions .society l)y the namo and stylr 
of the '• Christian ."^ocietv " in Amherst. 



310 HISTORY OP AMHERST. [Chap. 

Rev. Edmund Quiiicy Sewall was ordained and installed 
pastor of the Christian Church and Society (Unitarian) 26 
January, 1825. The exercises on this occasion were as 
follows : 

Introductory prayer and reading of scriptures, Rev. Levi 
W. Leonard, of Dublin. 

Sermon, Rev. John Brazer, of Salem. 

Consecrating prayer. Rev. Charles Lowell, Boston. 

Charge, Rev. John Pierpont, Boston. 

Right hand of fellowship. Rev. John G. Palfrey, Boston. 

Address to the church and society. Rev. Nathaniel 
Thayer, Lancaster. 

Concluding prayer. Rev. Elijah Dunbar, Peterborough. 

The day was fair and pleasant, and a large audience was 
in attendance. 

Mr. Sewall continued pastor of the society about one 
year. A church was organized and continued in existence 
for some time ; but its records, like the early ones of the 
First Congregational Church, are lost. In 1(S34 Rev. 
Lyman Maynard was employed as pastor by a union of. the 
LTnitarian and Universalist societies in town^and continued 
here until 1838. During his pastorate the new meeting- 
house (now Baptist) Avas built by members of the two 
societies. After the removal of Mr. Maynard, Dr. Amory 
Gale and others conducted the Sunday services at the 
church for some time. Afterward the desk was occupied 
for a year or two by Rev. William Hooper, Universalist. 

Finally, the house was sold to the Baptist Society, and 
the Unitarians and Universalists in town have become 
connected with other societies. 

THE FIRST BAPTIST SOCIETY. 

An association for the support of preaching on Chestnut 
hill was organized 6 October, 1828, under the name of the 
First Baptist Society in Amherst, N. H., by the following 
persons : 



XIll.] Tin: IIIIST ItAl'TIST SOCIETY. Ml 

IJiUph Ilolltrook, .James Priiicf, 

Eboiiezer Ilulbiouk, Kobcrt Fletclier, 

OlivtT Mears, Otis Kletcljer, 

Franklin Mfars, IJeiijaniiu Daiiion, 

Ilt-nrv Tt'wksliin y, .Idim WasluT, 

.losojili Ilarvill, IkMijauiiii K. Slicjiard. ami 

-loliii Kolliiis, Joscpli Ilanaili'ii. 

Tlif rliiircli was (iiuaiii/.cd - .Inly, 1^2'.', iniiiistci-s I'loin 
llu' chuichcs ill Ijondoiiderrv, Milt'urd, New Boston, and 
(Joll'stown, being present at the council called for the 
purpose. Rev. Samuel Abbot, of Londonderry, was mod- 
erator, and Rev. Simon Fletcher, of (lofl'stown, clerk of the 

ColllK'il. 

The society held their meetings for Sunday services on 
Chestnut liill until Is:')!, when they removed to the Plain^ 
a large additinn made to their iiiiiulier. the result of a 
prolracteil meeting held in Fei»niary. 18:1."). making such a 
movement advisable. 

Here for a time they had no sure abiding jilace. Some- 
times they worshiped in the old school-house north of the 
court-house, at the east end of the ctunnioii, sometimes in 
the court-house, and afterward in a small hall over the old 
Ivead store, whicli stood near whi'i'e the snlilicis" mominifnt 
m>w stands, ll' November, 1 S41 . arrangements were nunle 
with the |troprietors of the rnitarian meeting-house f<u- the 
use of their house a ])ortion of the time. 

ilaxiiig becoiue proprietors of two thir<ls of the pews, the 
house was, agreeably to a condition in the sul)serijition to 
the shares for building it, transferred to them by the 
rnitarian sot-iety by deed dated 7 April, 1844. It was 
repaired in iSol, ami in 18T<>. Since the jaindiase of the 
meeting-house, a parsonage has lieen built and fitted uj>. 

A communion set has lieen jiresented to the church by 
Mrs. Maiy Twiss and her children : and a legacy of ^2i\0 — 
now amounting to nearly s'40n — was left Ity Miss S. F.ne Law- 
rence to purchase a bell to be usetl on the church. 



312 HISTORY OP AMHERST. [Chap. 

Tlic desk was supplied by different persons, for a short 
time each, until 1841. Since tliat time, tlie ministers liavc 
been 

Rev. J\Iasoii IJall isll to 1844. 

Re^'. Aaron Hayes, 1844 to 1845. 

Rev. Aiuasa Brown, 1845 to 1847. 

Rev. David liurroughs, 1849 to 1854. 

Rev. Samuel Jones, 1850 to 1857. 

Rev. John H. Thyny, 1857 to 1858. 

Rev. Samuel Cook, 1858 to 1859. 

Rev. Amos W. Boardmau, 1859 to 1S(!1. 

Rev. J. Baskwel], 1863 to 1865. 

Rev. John Peacock, 1866, nearly two years. 

Rev. Eli r. Noyes, 1868 to 1870. 

Rev. Albert Heald, 1870 to 1876. 

Rev. J. n. Lerned, 1877 to 1879. 

Rev. (Jorhani W. Estabrook, 1879 to issl. 

Rev. E. J. C'olcord, 1881. 

The number of members of the churcli, 1 March, 1882, 
was — males, 21 ; females, 45=60. 

THE METHODIST SOCIETY. 

Rev. Orlando Hinds, who commenced his labors here in 
1829, is said to have been the first Methodist preacher in 
Amherst. His immediate successors were A. ^f. Howe and 
J. C. Cromack. 

The first Methodist society was organized in 1839. 

The first quarterly meeting of which any account has 
Ibeen preserved was held 19 September, 1834, at which 
John Haseltine, Isaac Weston, and William Brown, of 
Amherst, Freeman Nichols, of Merrimack, and William 
Coggin, 2d, of Mont Vernon, attended with the presiding 
€lder. At that time the societies in Amherst and fToffstown 
w^ere united, and the quarterly meetings were held alternate- 
ly in both places. 

Rev. James Adams supplied the desk in 1837 and 1838, 
iind Rev. Levi W. Davis in 1839 and 1840. 



XI I I.] TMK MKTIIODIST SOCIKTV. :;i:; 

l!iit little is found in tiic icronls fioin 1S84 to 1M4<>. In 
1n40 tlic iVM'ord closed. Atd-r this, |ii-(':icliini;' \v;is sM|i|)li(M| 
occasionallv liy nicnilifis of the llililii-al Institnlc al 
(•onford. 

In the autnnni of 1S:')9 tlic eix'ctiun ol" a chajiel was coni- 
uu'iiccd. wliicli was linislied in the ctjiirsc of the foUowinu- 
wintci'. and (h'dicatc(| lo the woi'ship of (Joi» '22 April. 
Is4<>. on whirji occnsion a scianon was |irfach('(| liy l\i'\- 
Jar(.'d rcikins. 

In the afternoon ol the same day a teni]iei-ancc lecture 
was ••"iven in the eliapel l)y l\e\. Mr. Jones. In |S4") and 
1S46 {(reachiny,' was i'lii'nished liy IJev. A. II. l-'nllerton. and 
ill 1S47 l.y Kev. C'alel) Dnstiii. 

The record is resumed in ls.')(l. when a coiil'erence meet- 
iiii:' was ludd. In ]>^-')2 l"'ranklin Fiirber sM|)|»licd the 
pulj)it. After this the |iros]iect was far from oiici^nraii'ini:' 
lor the society, as we read that 

"TliLTc was no I'eason Id think that the cliint'li was o|icii imicli dI' 
the year, fur the cobwebs galliered within it. thi- liliuds witc cIksi-iI 
and darkness vested on the hearts ol' many." 

Ill 1S54 a social izatherim:- or tea pai'ty was held at the 
residence of Dea. !>. 15. I>avid to raise fnnds tor renovating" 
the cha])(d and snii])ortiiiir ])reachiiiu-. 'i'he eti'ort was 
successful, and l\e\. Charles Meri'ill was placed in (diarjre 
as preacher, and, as a result of his ministry, ipiite a uiiinber 
of young men wei-e adfh'd to the church. iMirinu' his 
ministry the comnnniion plate formerly used hy the I'nita- 
rian (dinrcdi in this town was presented to the society liy 
.Mrs. Charles C. Atherton. 

.\li-. Merrill remained here two years, and alter his 
departure ]ireaidnnLi" was supplied foi- some time hy mcm- 
hcrs of the Uiblical Institute. 

Ahont IS.")? a .Mr. Seeley was sent here as a snppl\. lie 
remained one year, and his nnnistry was a I'ailnre. In 
1S5S and 18.V.» the desk was supplied hy Messrs. Tucker^ 
llamuiond. Clippeuuer, and others from the Institute. 



314 HISTORY OF AMHERST. [Chap. 

Ill 1860 Charles P^'ke was sent here as a preacher, and 
the selection proved to be an unfortunate one for the 
society. From 1861 to 1866 the chapel was closed. After 
this time it was again opened, and a member of the Boston 
Seminary supplied the desk a short time. He was followed 
by Levin P. Causey, who also remained but a short time, 
and services were again suspended. 

In 1871, mainly through the efforts of Mrs. ]\lary W. 
Few, the chapel was painted and refitted, and an effort was 
made to sustain preaching. 

At first, fortiinatel}", as it proved, they were disappointed 
in not obtaining the preacher they wanted, and the one 
sent not being acceptable, the desk was again supplied by 
students in the University. 

Rev. B. W, Chase commenced his labors here in the fall 
of 1871, and his report at the close of the year was a favor- 
able one. He continued here two years, and his ministry 
was successful. 

He was succeeded in 1872 by Rev. Geo. W. Ruland, who 
continued here until 1874. Since then the ministers have 
been 

1874, Rev. J. ^Slowrey I5ean, until 1876. 

1876, Kev. J. K. Bartlett, luatil 1877. 

1877, Rev. W. R. Dille, until 1880. 

1880, Rev. James Noyes, until 1881. 

1881, Kev. I. Ainsworth. 

Mr. Ainsworth relinquished his charge, and left the 
denomination before the close of the year, and the church 
is now united with that in ^lilford. Present number of 
members, 44 — about a dozen of whom are males. 

The chapel was enlarged and remodeled in 1879 at aii 
expense of little more than $1,400. 

CHURCH MUSIC. 

The music in the Sunday services at the meeting-house 
in the early part of ^Ir. Wilkins's ministry was doubtless 
of the most jti'imitivc kind. After tlic announcement of 



XIII.] cHrRCH MUSIC. :n"> 

till' li\ 11111. (iiic ot the deacons would read a line oi- two. and 
the cungro-iation would respond by singing it, the reading 
and singing being continued alternately through the hymn. 
As the gift of music seems to have been hereditary in the 
Shepard laniil\-. we may suppose that Col. John Shepard 
and his son, C<d. John, jr., each in their time took a leading 
part in these services. Aftei" the arrival of the Seatons, 
they probably assistetl, or led, in the singing. 

A family tradition relates that wIkmi Mr. lioutell was 
elected deacon, he declined accejiting the <ttliee, as he said 
he "I'oiild not read very well." iirijliably in reference to 
reading the hymns in (duirch. His brethren, liowever, told 
him they liked him all the better for his confession, and 
insisted u|)oii his accepting the ofHce, wliicdi he filled until 
his death to the entire satisfaction of his l)rother (diureh 
members. 

Dea. Mpliraiui ISaiker was jironiincnt aiiioiig the luusi- 
ciaiis in the second inecting-house. Hea. John .^catoii. jr., 
was afterward leader. David S. Eaton, who married one of 
^Ir. Barnard's daughters, was (diorister for some time, 
nuriiig his adiniuist ration it is said that the elioir li;id been 
making preparations for a grand disjilay on Jnde)»endence 
day. .Something had taken place during the rehearsals 
which oiVended many of tin' members, and one Sunday 
morning, just before the fourth of July, the chorister found 
himself alone in the singing jtew. Not caring to furnish 
the music alone, he too left his seat, and placed himself in 
one of the gallery ]>ews. near by. Mr. Haiiiard took his 
place in the ])ul|)it, and was not long in discovering the 
state of the singing pew. lie conducted the opening exer- 
cises, and I'cad tlu' hymn as usual: Itut, getting no r<'sj»onse 
from the ilioir, laid down the book with some force, and 
called up the audienee to join in the long jirayer, which 
lacked on that occasion neither length nor pungency. One 
after another, the singers returned to their accustomed 
jilaces, and, when the inevitable fusilade of fallinir seats 



316 HISTORY OF AMHERST. [Gliap. 

was over, tlic siugiiig- seats were filled, and Jeremiah's 
licart was gladdened by a hearty response to the next hymn 
he read. Jonathan Hildreth, a grandson of the first Col. 
Shepard, was a noted mnsician in his day, and leader of tlic 
choir until his death, 5 July, 1816. He made two or three 
hass-viols, which were used in the singing seats to aid the 
vocal performers. p]liab Wilkins, brother of Aaron, was a 
skilful player on tliese instruments. Benjamin Kendrick, 
another grandson of Col. Shepard, was chorister some 
years. His daughters, also those of his cousin Hildreth, 
the daughters of Judge Claggett and Mr. Ephraim Goss, 
were connected with the choir, and most of them were 
excellent vocalists. After the introduction of bass-viols, 
violins, clarinets, and other instruments, were used to aid 
the singers in the Sunday services. Mr. Hugh Moore, a 
dear lover of music, played the violin some years at the old 
ehurch, and afterward at the Unitarian — now Baptist — 
church. Those now living, who were boys and girls in 
Amherst forty years ago, will recall his a])pearance as he 
crossed the common, Sunday morning, on his way to meeting, 
a man of massive frame, erect as a forest pine. His queue 
— the last one seen in Amherst — nicely combed, and neatly 
tied with a pink or blue ribbon, hung over his coat-collar. 
Under his left arm he carried his violin-case, and in his 
right hand a stout hickory cane to aid his steps. He 
retained his faculties, physical and mental, remarkably, and 
when he had seen the snows of fourscore winters, " his eye 
was not dim," and his natural force but slightly abated. 
Seven years later age had got the mastery, and he retired 
to his house to suffer and die. During his last illness, 
Major Little, the crippled melodeon player, called upon him, 
and was introduced by a friend. They talked of the old 
Scotch songs which the veteran loved, and which Little 
played and sung to him, while the tears rolled down his 
cheeks. After an hour of enjoyment the visitor took his 
leave, and afterward reported that just as the door was 



XIII.] rill l{( H Ml >ic. :',17 

closing" he heard " Inck" lliiuli" inuttciini:- to liiiuM'll. •• J 
swar, I '11 jiray for him. T will." 

Near the close ol Pr. Lord's miiiist r\ , then' \v;is (roiihle 
ill the choir. ;iiid the sin<i:ers, with the exception of Ainltrose 
Seatoii, (he leader, left the seats. 'IMie minister yv:[t\ the 
morninu' hymn, hnt there was no resjionse. Presently, the 
senior deiicon rose from his seat in fmnt of the |iul|pit. and 
called nj)ni the eonLire^ation to nnite in sinuinii- St. Maitin's. 
himself leading' off in a voice tremnlons with age. For 
some time he snug alone, Itnt heforc the hymn was finished 
he hail a respectable following. During the performance 
the chorister was heard going down the stairs in the west 
|>orch. at least two steps at once, and alter landing u]>on 
the common it was notii-ed that his steps toward his lioard- 
ing-house were of remarkahle length. 

In iSoO an organ was purchased of .rohn I'rentiss, l-]s(|., 
and .Mis. Prentiss acted as organist many years. 

Aaron Lawrence, then a young man, aided largely in this 
part of the Sunday services in the church. After Mr.s. 
Prentiss left town he acted as organist, ami as his means 
increased he spared neither time iku- money to keeji the 
peace among the singers ami aitord them all needful 
instruction and help in their j)crformances. In 18<H a new 
organ was i)urchased of the Messrs. Hook of l>oston at an 
expense of •'5'l,0()O, t)ne half of which was contriluited l)y Mr. 
Lawrence. Dui'ing this time ^h-. fllhridge Ifardy acted as 
chorister, assisted a porti<»ii of the time liy Mr. Ileiiiamin 
Kendrick ami his family. In LsTo a new organ, liuilt l)y 
(i. II. Ryder, of Iloston, was purchased, and used for Xho 
lirst time at the centennial celebration of the dedication of 
the meeting-house, ^S .January, 1S74. Since Mr. Hardy's 
departure William A. .Mack, Ilollis K. Abl)ott. Charles X. 
Merrill, Horace M. Woodberry, and I>r. I-ldward .\iken, 
have served as choristers, and .Mrs. A. A. Koteh, Miss 
Annie Kent, Miss Saiah L. .Vikeii, and Miss Abbie F. 
lioylston. as organists. 



318 History of amherst. [Chap. 



CHAPTER XIY. 

SCHOOLS, 1T62-1S82. 

PROCEEDINGS OF THE TOWN IN RELATION TO SCHOOLS. SALE OF 

THE SCHOOL LOTS. THE FIRST EXAMINING COMMITTEE. 

ENCOURAGEMENT GIVEN FOR THE ESTABLISHMENT OF AN 

ACADEMY. SCHOOL LOTTERIES. CHARTER OF THE AUREAN 

ACADEMY, AND NAMES OF THE PRINCIPALS. — TEACHERS OF 
SELECT SCHOOLS. — APPROPRIATIONS FOR THE SUPPORT OF 

SCHOOLS. APPOINTMENT OF A COMMITTEE TO DISTRICT THE 

TOWN FOR SCHOOL PURPOSES. THE SCHOOL DISTRICTS. 

• THEIR NUMBERS AND LOCATION. APPOINTMENT OF A TOWN 

SCHOOL COMMITTEE. SCHOOL CHILDREN IN TOWN 1817-18. 

SCHOOL BOOKS IN USE IN DISTRICT NO. 1,0(T015ER, 1823. THE 

" LITERARY FUND." ITS ESTABLISHMENT AND DISTRIBUTION. 

DIVISION OF DISTRICT NO. 1. THE TWO DISTRICTS AGAIN 

UNITED, AND A NEW SCHOOL-HOUSE BUILT. — MR. ATHERTON'S 

(ilFT TO THE SCHOOLS. THE TOWN RE-DISTRICTED. LEGACY 

OF AARON LAWRENCE, ESQ. OUTLINE MAPS PURCHASED. 

ABOLITION OF THE SCHOOL DISTRICTS, AND AN APPRAISAL OF 
THE SCHOOL PROPERTY IN THE SEVERAL DISTRICTS. — LE(;ACY 
OF ISAAC SPALDING, ESQ. 

I iincl no record of any schools in Souhegan West prior 
to its incorporation as a town. Probably private instruc- 
tion was given by Mr. Wilkins, or some other qualified per- 
son, to such as desired and could afford it. 

At the annual meeting of the town in 1762 a vote was 
passed " to keep a school tliis year in five divisions, the 



XI\'.] srHOOLs. 819 

selectmen lu di\ide," by which we may iiiRlerstaiid the 
selectmen were to divide tlie town into live divisions or 
districts and employ a teaclier, who shouhl spend a part of 
his time in each district. 

No mention is made of any effort beinu" made to seciire 
an a[ipropriation for scliools in the years ITG^), IT'io, and 
lT(i<".. In IKU, 1767, 17GS, and nii'J, the town refused to 
make any ap))ropriation for that purpose ; also at a special 
meeting held in May, 176'J. 

Finally the matter became a serious one. The selectmen 
were in danger of being " presented " for neglect of duty 
in the matter of schooling. So the town voted, at a meeting 
held 12 December, 17G9, that " they will keep a school a 
part of this year," and granted the sum of tliirtecn ])ounds. 
six shillings, eight pence, to defi-ay the expense of so 
doing. 

At the annual meeting, March, 1770, they 

•' Voted to keep a school the ensuiii*;- year to teach the chililien tu 
read, write, and cypher." 

But no record remains tjiat any money was appropriated 
for teachers. 

]\[arch, 1771. Twenty [)ounds, lawful money, was \oted 
for schooling, and the town directed that "the school sliouM 
be kept some ])art of the time in several parts of the town." 
Also, voted that the .|)eoj)le of the town " keej) as many 
sc!:ools as they think lit. and each family that does kee|» a 
school shall be entitled to draw their pi-oportioii of the 
money above granted." 

At a meeting held '.' ^lareli, ^~~^2. the sum of twenty-six 
[loinids, thirteen shillings, four pence, was granted for the 
support of schools that year. In 1773 the article in the 
warrant for the annual meeting relating to schools was 
referred to the selectmen. 

A ])roj)osition to build several school-houses and to choose 
a committee to complete the same was rejected at the annual 
meetinu' in March. 1774. 



o20 [IISTORY OP AMHERST. [Chap. 

The lots reserved for schools by the proprietors of the 
township seem to have been sold al)out this time, as we lind 
in the warrant for the meetinu' held 13 March, 1775, an 
article, "to see if the town would allow that part of the 
town that was originally called Amherst to use the interest 
of the money their school right was lately sold for in private 
schools," which they refused to do. 

No record remains of any provision being made for 
schools in tlie years 1775, 1776, and 1777. Other matters 
of serious import engrossed the minds of the people in 
those years ; but it is jn-obable tluit the schools were not 
wholly neglected. 

At the annual meeting in March, 1778, it was 

"Voted to keep a gnunuiar school the ensuing yeav." 

And on the cover of tlie first volume of the town records 
are the following entries, in the hand-writing of Col. Nahum 
Iialdwin, town-clerk and first selectman that year, 27 
April, 177S, 

" Agreed with Mr. \\^illiaiu Iving to keep a town school at Gs. per 
day, and board him. Same day opened s'd school. 27 July, 1778, 
Agreed with Mr. Brown Emerson to keep a school in this town at o5s- 
p'r (piarter. ye school commenced this day. 

N. r>.. Town Clerk." 

These were warlike times, and the fathers used warlike 
terms in tlie transaction of their business. So we lind 
them voting, 8 March, 1779, 

■' Tluit the town be divided into squadrons at the discretion of the 
selectmen, that the inhabitants may be the better accommodated with 
a school, and that each squadron have their part of the money that 
shall be raised for schooling, Provided they lay it out for that pin- 

I^ose.'" 

The sum of .£300 -was granted for the sujjport of 
schools this year at an adjourned meeting held 31 March. 

In March, 1780, the sum of X600 \vas voted for the support 
of schools, and the manner of keeping them was referred to 
the selectmen. 



XIV.] • SCHOOLS. .'.lil 

At the March ineotinji; in 1781 the town Notrd to i;iis»' 
XlO,00<) lor sclioolin;^", this year, and tliat '■ the sdiools he 
kept l)y t'uch neiirhl)orhood cdassin^' toLictht'i-." It may l)c 
well to i-emembcr that this was in the (hiys of the dcjuccia- 
ti'd continontal '• liat " money. Tiie ne.\t yeai- they liad 
reached *' hai'd |ian,"' as they xoted eiuhty pounds for tlie 
sii|i|iort ol schools. 'I'hi- same amount was appropriated in 

its::. 

In 17;s4 they diil better, and appropriated UlOd, and 
diret'ted the selectmen to divide the town into school 
districts, and each district had liliei-ty ti» hiy out thrir 
money as they jdeased. 

The sum of <£l')i> was voted U)V scho(ds in ea( h of the 
years 17>>o. 17Nt!, ami 17^7. 

At a meetini;' held lU Ajuil, 17s7, the town voted to kee|i 
a trranunar school in the centre district, this year, on con- 
dition thai the district siiall make up to the master in a 
private way what their prc^>()rti(jn of the school money falls 
short of an adequate salary. 

A dis|)osition was manifested at this meetinL: to secure 
the services of such persons as teachers in the schools as 
were (pialilied for the work, and a committee, consisting; of 
Itev. .Jeremiah llarnard, Rev. .lohn Bruce, and Augustus 
Hlanchard, lvs(|.. was a|ipointed '• to examine the al.)ilities of 
school masters and mistresses," and it was voted that none 
hut those that were recommended l)y them shoidd I)c 
employed hy any district as teachers of schools. 

It was also voted that if any district should not school 
out their money within one year from the time it was 
Liranted, it should he paid into the town treasury f(u- the 
use of the town. 

One hundred and fifty pounds annually was granted for 
the support of schools from 17S7 to 17S>.3, inclusive. 

At the annual meeting in .March. 17Mi. the town \oted 
to excuse a number of persons wh(» had joined themselves 
together for the sujijiort of an academy in this town from 
•Jl 



322 HISTORY OF AMHERST. [Chap. 

the payment of any school tax so long as they should 
support the proposed academy. Tiie use of the town-house 
for school purposes was also granted to them. 

Lotteries wei'e popular in those days, and we find that 
when tlie projectors of the academy asked the legislature 
for an act of incorporation they asked for the grant of a 
lottery to enable them to support it. The senate, however, 
gave them leave to bring in a bill for the incorporation of 
the academy only. 

In December, 1791, a petition was presented to the legis- 
lature by the academies in Amherst, Atkinson, Charles- 
town, Chesterfield, and New Ipswich, asking for the grant 
of a lotter}' to enable them to raise .£5,000, which they 
proposed to divide equally among those institutions; but the 
application was postponed to the next session, and was 
finally unsuccessful. 

16 February, 1791, Joshua Atherton, Samuel Dana, 
Robert Means, William Gordon, Daniel Warner, John 
Shepard, Robert Fletcher, Nathan Kendall, jr., Samuel 
Curtis, Joseph Blanchard, Samuel Wilkins, and Daniel 
Campbell, esquires, William Read, Nathan Cleaves, David 
Danforth, Isaac Baldwin, John Eaton, David Stewart, 
Thomas Gilmore, Samuel G. Towne, James Roby, John 
Watson, Jeremiah Hobson, Ebenezer Taylor, Jonathan 
Smith, jr., and Ephraim Barker, of Amherst, Moses Kel- 
ley, of Goffstown, Isaac Cochran, of Antrim, Timothy 
Taylor and Jacob MacGaw, of Merrimack, and Stephen 
Dole, of Bedford, and their successors, were, by the legisla- 
ture of the State, formed into, constituted and made a body 
politic and corporate by the name of the Aurean Academy, 
which corporation was empowered to transact all business 
necessary to the support and maintenance of an academy, 
the end and purpose of which was declared to be " to 
encourage and promote virtue and piety, and a knowledge 
of the English, Greek, and Latin languages, Mathematicks, 



XIV.] SCHOOLS. ::^2?> 

Wi'iliiiLi-, ( Je()Lirii|)liy, Logic, OiMtory, Ulictoric. ami otlici- 
usi'lul and onuunciital branches ol" literature." 

'I'lic tori»oratioii was empowered to have a eoininuu seal, 
w hich iiiiuht l)e altei'cd at pleasure, uii,ii;ht sue and he sued, 
and hold real and personal estate, ])r(ividfil the income of 
the real estate shoukl not exceed £^MH) annually, and tiiat 
of the personal estate i!7<)() annually, said sums to he reck- 
oned in silver at six shillings and ei^lit pence per ounce, 
and the students in the academy were tcj he exempted from 
the payment of a poll tax. 

An oru'aniziition of the cor|toi-ation was elTcctcd shortly 
after, and the school went into operation under the charge 
of Charles AValUer, a son uf Judge Timothy ^Valker, of 
(\)ncord, \. II. ilc was succeeded l)y Daniel .Staniford. 
Henry Moore, Jesse Ajjplcton, William Ci-oshy, William 
J>igl()W, Joshua Haywood. William Abl)ott, Daniel Weston, 
Peyton R. Freeman, James MclMierson, and Thomas Cole. 
The school was in successful ojjcration for some years ; but 
it was linally (dosed in iSOl foi- lack of adcipiate funds hir 
its suppoi'l. 

A seh>ct sidiool was kept in the village during tlu' sum- 
mer months for several years aflerwai'd. Among the 
tea(diers of" this scho;)l were E|>hraim 1*. iJratlfoi'd, Ceorge 
Kimball, James McKean Wilkins, John Farmer, Sannicl 
Whiting, Abel F. Hihlreth. and (Jideon L. Sonic. 

The South-west parish ha\i ng been incorporated as a 
separate town in .lanuary, 1T'.»4, but ,£1"20 was granted for 
the support of schools that year. Four huudi'cd dollars was 
granteil the following year. 

4 Jannarv. 17!' ■'. The town voted that the .scdectmen- 
assess such a sum of money for the support of a grammar 
school this year as they niay deem necessary, and it was 
provided that each school class in town should liave its 
propoi'ti(>n of said money. In March of that year >!5(>() was 
a|tpropriated for the su])port of schools the current year. 



324 HISTORY OF AJVIHERST. [Cliap. 

and the method of keeping them was leferred to the select- 
men. 

18 April, 1796. A proposition to grant a portion of the 
money proposed to be raised for the support of a grammar 
school to the academy on condition that the town grammar 
school scholars should receive instruction in the academy 
was rejected, as was a proposition to grant a sum of money 
annually to the academy on condition that the town gram- 
mar school scholars should be taught therein in the 
branches required in a public grammar school. 

Five hundred dollars Avas appropriated for the support of 
schools in 1797, and the method of keeping them was 
referred to the selectmen. 

In 1798, 1799, and 1800, ^600 was granted each year, 
which the selectmen were directed to appropriate according 
to law. 

26 March, 1798. The selectmen were directed to call 
for all the money due for school land over $200, and let it 
on interest. 

In 1801 $500 was appropriated to be laid out in an 
English school or schools, and the mode of keeping tlie 
Latin grammar school was referred to the board of select- 
men, who were directed to petition the legislature to repeal 
the law relating to grammar schools in sliire and half shire 
towns. 

13 April, 1801. Voted that the grammar scliool be kept 
eight months in the First parish and four months in the 
Second parish, this year. 

15 March, 1802. $500 was granted for schools, this year. 

2 March, 1803. $700 was appropriated for schools, $300 
of which was to be used for the support of grammar schools, 
the -centre district of the First parish to have $200, and 
that of the Second parish, $100, the balance to be divided 
among the other districts according to their taxes ; and it 
was provided that every person in town should have liberty 
to send to the grammar school, and that such school dis- 



XI \'.] SCHOOLS. 32.") 

tricts as were dissatisfied wifli flicii- (dassi(lc;itii)ii iiiiL'^lit be 
classed anew. 

15 Deceinlier, 180^). Tlie Second i»ai-isli \v;is incorpo- 
rated as a separate town. 

21 Marrh, 1 804. Voted to raise *r)00 for Kn.t-lisli scliools. 
to he expended as nsual, and voted that the grammar 
school money be appropriated according to law. 

31 May,lS()4. The selectmen weie directed to re-district 
the town lor school jinrposes. 

At the same meeting the selectmen were directed to 
satisiy a mortgage in favor of Lemmons i-s. Washer, the 
latter securing the town by mortgage ; and they wei'C 
authorized to appropriate a part of the money due the 
town for school lands to that purpose. 

27 August, 1804. Daniel Cami-hdl. WiUinm Fisk. Amos 
Elliott, Daniel Warner, and El)ene/er Taylor, were api)oint- 
ed a committee to re-district the town for school purposes. 

12 March, 1805. *400 was appropriated for the support of 
schools, in atldition to wlnii Ihc hiw rciiuirecl. In 18<l6. 
!S'680 was approjjriated. 

12 March, 1806. The committee appointed to re-district 
the town for school purposes made their report, wliich was 
accepted and adopted by the town. It was the basis, sub- 
stantially, of the school district system in the town until its 
abolition, and was a work of much lalior and care. They 
dividetl the town into nine districts, the l)oundaries of each 
l)eing given, and the names of the tax-jjayers. District No. 1 
was the centre district ; No. 2, the Lovejoy district, in tlu^ 
east part of the town; No. 3, Cricket Corner, in the south- 
east part of the town : No. 4, Christian Hill, west of the 
Plain : Nt>. 5. tlie Danforth district, south of Souhegan 
river ; No. G. Pond Parish district, in the south-easterly ))art 
of tlie town ; No. 7, the Wilkins district, adjoining Milford: 
No. 8, the Campbell district, north of the IMain : No. '.». 
Chestnut-hill district, adjoining New Boston and lledfoid. 



326 HISTORY OF AMHI-JRST. [Cliap. 

This was tlie era of school-house building. Within two 
years nearly every district was in the possession of a new 
school-house. 

From 1808 to 1814 $700 was appropriated annually for 
the support of schools, except in 1811, when J|1,000 was 
raised. 

In 1809 a committee, consisting of Rov. Jeremiali Barn- 
ard, Col. Daniel Warner, Charles H. Atherton, Esq., Sam- 
uel Bell, Esq., and Capt. John Secombc, was appointed and 
continued in ofHce two years, when it was enlarged by the 
addition of Edmund Parker, Clifton Claggett, Peter Me- 
lendy, Capt. Daniel Campbell, Samuel Curtis, John Ellin- 
wood, Daniel Weston, Col. Robert Means, and Jedediah K. 
Smith, to its number. For some years a large committee 
was appointed, and much interest was manifested in the 
management of tlie schools. During tliis period Jacob 
Kimball, Robert Means, jr., Robert Read, Frederick French, 
Rev. Nathan Lord, Dr. John Farmer, Richard Boylston, 
Isaac Brooks, Esq., and other prominent citizens, served on 
the scliool board. 

In 1815, and from that time until 1830, $800 was 
appropriated annually for school purposes, except in 1828, 
when the appropriation was increased to $850. 

10 October, 1814. Samuel Wilkins, William Towne, 
Timothy Nichols, Ebenezer Taylor, and others, were formed 
into a new school district. A school-house was erected 
in tliis district sliortly after, west of the Ilollis road, near 
the house of Ebenezer Taylor. 

The following statement of the scholars attending the 
district schools in Amherst in the winter of 1817-18 was 
published in the Cabinet 11 September, 1818. 



Dist. No. 1, 


109. 


Dist. No. 6, 


62. 


Dist. No. 2, 


56. 


Part of Dist. No. 7, 


15. 


Dist. No. 3, 


30. 


Dist. No. 8, 


50. 


Dist. No. 4, 


46. 


Dist. No. 9, 


39. 


Dist. No. 5, 


42. 


Parts of two districts, 
Total, 477. 


2S. 



XI V.J SCHOOLS. ^yil 

The population ol" the town at that time was about 1,(110, 
li'J.G per cent, of w hich were school children, as shown by 
the above statement. 

March, 1822. DiHicultics having arisen in TVistrict No. 
6, Ca|)t. Luther Dana, Nathan Kendall, William Fisk, 
Jacob llildrclh, and Robert .Means, ji-., were ajijiointed a 
connnittee to in(|uire into their origin, the facts rcsjiecting 
them, and, if possible, to devise some e(piitable and just 
way of settling them, and report the same to the town at 
some future meeting. IG September following, the com- 
mittee reported, agreeably to instructions, a i)lan for a 
settlement of the troubles, wliicli was accepted by the town, 
and "peace and (luietiiess again reigned in Pond Parish. 

October, 1823. The following books were recommended 
to be used in the schools in District No. 1, by Charles H. 
Atherton in i)ch;ilf of the prmlential committee of said 
district : 

Scott's Lessons, or ^lurray's IJeader. 

History of the I'uited States, by Prentiss. 

Cuniniings's Spcllint;- Book. 

CoHnirii's First Lossons in .Vrithiuetick. 

Daboll's Arillnnetitk. 

Cuniniings's (ieograi>li\ . 

Wilkins's Astronomy. 

.Murray's Grammar, n-viscil l)y .Vlli'U I'i>k. 

Hlair's llliotorick. 

\\':ilkcr's Dictioiiaiv. 

The I'ommittce were evidently favorable to home products, 
as the text-book on astronomy was compiled by John IT. 
NN'ilkins, an Amherst boy, and the rt'vision of the grammar 
was prepared by a son of Hon. William Fisk. 

In ISoO the town appropriated •'::'LiOO and its proportion of 
the literary fund, amounting to -"^431. 88, for the supjiort of 
schools, making a handsome increase in the anionnt of 
school money. 

The liti-rary fund was derived from a tax of one half of 
one })er cent, levied annually on the capital stock of all 



328 HISTORY OP AMHERST. [Chap. 

banking corporations doing bnsiness under the laws of this 
State, and was evidently an outgrowth of the famous Dart- 
mouth College controversy. 

It was to be used, as stated in the act providing for its 
assessment, "for tlie sole purpose of endowing and support- 
ing a college for instruction in the higher branches of 
science and literature," and it was provided that the said 
fund should " never be applied to the support of anij insti- 
tution which was not under the control and direction of 
the State.'''' 

The idea of establishing a State university was afterward 
abandoned, and an act was passed by the legislature, which 
was approved by the governor 31 December, 1828, directing 
the State treasurer to convert the stocks held by him for 
the literar}' fund into money forthwith, and divide the 
same among the towns according to their apportionment of 
the public taxes. Provision was also made for the contin- 
uance of the tax, and the amount received was required to 
be divided annually among the towns according to their 
proportion of the public taxes, to be by them expended for 
the support of schools. 

By an act approved 22 June, 1829, the treasurer was 
authorized to pay the proportion of the literary fund due 
each town to the representative of the town, who was to 
pay the same to the selectmen or treasurer of the town, 
and take a receipt therefor. 

Commencing with 1831, and for several years thereafter, 
the sum of $800 and the town's proportion of the literary 
fund was annually appropriated for the support of schools. 

3 February, 1838. John Secombe, Israel Fuller, and 
Elijah Putnam, were appointed a committee to divide school 
district No. 1. 

At a meeting held 13 March following, they made a 
report defining the boundaries of the proposed districts, with 
the names of the resident and non-resident property-holders 
therein. Which report was accepted and adopted. The 



XI \'.] SCHOOLS. 329 

new districts wore oruanized. and a ikmv scliool-lionse — 
latterly the steani-niill on the IMaiii — washuilt shortly alter 
tor the a<'connn(;(lat ion ot the sehools of the new district. 

In the re-numbering of the districts soon after, the new 
district became Xo. 2; the Lovejoy district, Xo. 7 ; and the 
Taylor district, Xo. 10, — the other districts retaining their 
old numbers. 

In Xovember, 1839, mucli complaint was made of the 
niultij)licit\' of class books in use in the schools, there lieing 
no committee to prescribe what books should be used, and 
it was suggested that it would be less expense and nun-c 
satisfactory to those interested if a superintending school 
committee should be ajjpointed by the town agreeal)ly to 
the law then in force. This was not done until 1842, in 
which year Stephen Peai)ody, John L. Iladley, ^lason J>all. 
William T. Savage, and Francis P. Fitch, were aj)j)ointed. 
Since that time tlie provisions of the law in that resj)ect 
have l)een complied with. 

From 184') to 1851 ■^1,000 was ai)propriated annually for 
the suj)port of schools. In 1849 three per cent, of the 
school uDuey was voted to the "Teachers' Institute." 

lu 1S4S the town's proportion of the literary fund 
amounted to lifty-nine dollars and forty-five cents. In 1859 
it had risen to the sum of >i<114.24. 

The sum of =^1, 300 was appropriated for the supp(ut of 
schools in 185s, and the sum of •i<l,200 in 1S59. 

At a meeting held 2o April, 1852, the town voted to 
unite school districts Xos. 1 and 2, thus restoring the old 
district Xo. 1. 

In May, 1S58. this district voted, by a two-thirds vote, to 
to erect a brick building, GO x 40 feet, two stories in height, 
for school purposes, and the liomestead of the late William 
Read, Es(i. was purchased for a lot on which tn laiild. 
Charles L. Stewart, Esq., its owner, eontriluitiug the sum of 
820U toward the enterprise. 



330 HISTORY OF AMHERST. [Chap. 

A bell, the gift of Aaron Lawrence, Esq., was placed 
npon the new school-house 26 June, 1855, for which a vote 
of thanks was passed by the district 15 March, 1856. 

In March, 1853, eleven copies of Webster's large quarto 
dictionary were presented to the schools in Amlierst by 
Hon. Charles G. Atherton. 

xVt the annual meeting in March, 1856, David Stewart 
and Joseph Mace were appointed a committee to examine 
and report if a new school district can with propriety be 
formed to accommodate the Irish families on the " Acre," 
near the Milford line, and they were required to report the 
result of tlieir investigations on the first day of April 
following, at which time, after hearing the report of the 
committee, it was voted not to set off the new district 
asked for ; — yeas, 20 ; nays, 44. 

The matter was again brought up, and the district was 
finally set off and organized, the location of the school- 
house being fixed by a committee consisting of Josepli 
Mace, George Walker, and H. A. Clark, 3 September, 1861. 

A vote was passed 19 May, 1863, to re-district the town 
for school purposes, and the selectmen were appointed a 
committee to carry the vote into effect, with instructions to 
make a report of tlieir proceedings by the first day of Sep- 
tember following. On that day they presented their report; 
but some dissatisfaction being expressed, it was re-commit- 
ted, and they were directed to give notice to individuals, in 
districts where dissatisfaction exists, of a time and place 
for a hearing in their cases, and make report at an ad- 
journed meeting three weeks from date, at which time 
tlie selectmen again submitted their plan, which, after some 
discussion, was adopted; — yeas, 29 ; nays, 26. 

By this report the town was divided into eleven districts. 

The following communication was received by the town- 
clerk 29 December, 1870, and entered upon the town 
records : 



Xl\'.] SCHOOLS. uoi 

Ammkkm, Xov'r •j;iil, isyo. 

(!kntm:mi:n : Willi the aiiproliatiou of tlic jieisous iiuiiicil as 
advisers in thi' Will ol' tlu> Late Aaron Lawrence, oi this town, his 
Kxecutors have deposited with the Nashua Savings Haidc Fointeen 
hiindreil Dollars in trust for the beneiit of the Common Schools in 
Aiuherst. This deposit is made on condition that the principal shall 
I'eniain with the Hank and be increased by the extra Dividends of the 
Institution, while the recjnlar annual interest shall be payable to the 
order of the Treasurer of the town for the use of the schools. 

l>y this arrangement we hope to keep alive the memory of an 
esteemed citizen, and subserve the cause of public education. The 
proper vouchers for the deposit have been placed in the hands of the 
'I'own Treasurer, and labelled " Lawrence fund for schools, ' and we 
respect fully request that this letter may be entered upon the records 
of the town. Ill lielialf of the Executors, I am yours. 

J. C. D.W Is. 
7'(i till' Srleclmen of the town of Amherst. 

The Slim of ''j'173.27 was received from the interest of this 
I'lmd ill the year 1873, and applied to tlie support of schools, 
agreeably to the provisions of the will. Since that time 
the sum of seventy dollars has been received annually. 

11 March, 187-3. The to\vii voted to apj)i"opriate a sum 
not exceedinjr ><2<)<) to imrchase a set of oiilline maps for 
the use of each school in town. 

'I^iic sum ol" •':<2,oOO was api)ro])rialed for I ho support of 
schools fur the year commencing March, 1874. 

l'» -March, ls74. Voted tluit a committee ol' one from 
each school district should be chosen to consider tiie e.\[)C- 
<liency of abolishing- the school districts in town, agreeably 
to ••an act enabling towns to abolish school districts in 
certain cases." passed June session, 180H ; and it was also 
voted that each schoid district should choose its own mem- 
ber of Ihc committee. 

March. 1S7'). It was voted to take no furthiM- action 
ill regard to the abolition of the school districts. 

Attheaniuial meeting in March. Is7t), it was voted U) 
'/wc the literary fund, amounting this year to the sum of 
>^120.Go, to school district No. 2 ( the Acre), for the .sup- 
port of its school. 



332 HISTORY OF AMHERST. [Chap. 

31 March, 1877. Josiali G. Davis and Miss Rebecca A. 
Davis were appointed school committee by the selectmen. 

2 November, 1878. The sum of fifty dollars was appro- 
priated from the town treasury in aid of the schools in 
District No. 2. 

2 November, 1880. A vote was taken by ballot to abolish 
the school districts within the town, in accordance with the 
statute in such cases made and provided, which resulted in 
favor of the project, 74 votes being cast in favor and 61 
against it, and it was declared to be adopted. 

The selectmen were authoinzed to take all necessary 
steps in the appraisal of property, and any thing that might 
be necessary to carry out the change of the school system, 
or to appoint a committee to act in the matter. 

29 November, 1880. Frank Hartshorn, James tl. Prince, 
James P. Nourse, Thomas M. Harvell, and Frank P. Phelps, 
were appointed by the selectmen to appraise all the school- 
houses, land, apparatus, and other property owned and 
used for school purposes, which the several school districts 
might lawfully sell or convey. 

The committee attended to the duties assigned them, 
and appraised the property specified 

In Dist. No. 1, the Village, at .... !!?5,680.00 

In Dist. No. 2, the Acre, ..... 160.00 

In Dist. No. 3, Cricket Corner. .... 184.00 

In Dist. No. 4, Christian Hill, .... 500.00 

In Dist. No. 5, Danforth's, .... 316.00 

In Dist. No. 6, Pond Parish, .... 540.00 

In Dist. No. 7, Noyes's, ..... 496.00 

In Dist. No. 8, Mack's, ..... 506.00 

In Dist. No. 9, Chestnut Hill, .... 466.00 

In Dist. No. 10, . . . . . . 380.00 

$9,228.00 

The sum of $2,500 was appropriated for the support of 
schools for the year commencing 1 March, 1881. 



XIV.] SCHOOLS. 83a 

The sum of -"j!! 0,000 is left to the town of Amherst by the 
will of the late Isaac Spalding, of Nashua, the same to be 
paid in one year from the death of his widow, and kejit as 
{»/per{)etual fund, to \)v i<iiown as tiie '' Spalding fund." the 
annual interest, dividend, or income of which is to be added 
to the school money raised by the town in each year, and 
expcndc(l as such money is now. or hereafter may l)e, by 
law re(|uircd or authori/cd to he e.xpended. 



HISTORY OF AMHERST. [Cliap. 



CHAPTER XY. 

COURT HOUSES AND COURTS IN AMHERST. 

1771-1870. 

DIVISION OF THE PROVINCE INTO COUNTIES. — AMHERST SELECTED 

AS THE SHIRE TOWN OF HILLSBOROUGH COUNTY. THE FIRST 

MEETING-HOUSE PRESENTED TO THE COUNTY FOR A COURT- 
HOUSE, BURNED BY AN INCENDIARY. A JAIL BUILT. CON- 
CORD PETITIONS TO BE ANNEXED TO HILLSBOROUGH COUNTY, 

AND m"aDE a HALF SHIRE. HOPKINTON MADE A HALF SHIRE. 

INCORPORATION OF MERRIMACK COUNTY. EFFORTS MADE 

TO REMOVE THE COURTS TO MONT VERNON. COURTS REMOVED 

TO MANCHESTER AND NASHUA, A PROPOSITION TO REMOVE 

THE COUNTY RECORDS FROM AMHERST TO MANCHESTER RE- 

.TECTED BY THE VOTERS OF THE COUNTY. COUNTY RECORDS 

REMOVED TO NASHUA. SALE OF THE JAIL BUILDINGS. 

FINAL REMOVAL OF THE COURTS FROM AMHERST. A HILLS- 
BOROUGH COUNTY COURT IN 1796. APPOINTMENT OF 

SHERIFF OF HILLSBOROUGH COUNTY DURING THE " ERA OF 

GOOD FEELING." A JAIL DELIVERY BY SHERIFF PIERCE IN 

1818, MICHAEL KEIFF, DANIEL D. FARMER, LETITIA S. BLAIS- 

DELL, NATHAN CARR. PUNISHMENT OF THIEVES IN YE OLDEN 

TIME. ACKNOWLEDGMENT OF A THEFT. 

An attempt to divide the Province into counties was 
made in the House of Representatives 22 January, 1755 ; 
but it failed to receive tlie concurrence of the Council. 

The subject was brought up in the Council at a session 
held in ^Nfareh, 1769, at which time votes were passed for 



XV.] couuTS. 335 

(li\i(liiiLi' the I'rovincc into citiintics and llxiiii:- tlicii- Iioiind- 
arios. In these votes the House coiicuried. 

21* ]\Iarcli, 17*^)0. The Couiieil voted thai Diie siijM'iiur 
eoiii't, four infcriiir courts of coinniou jilcas, and four fourts 
of iieneral sessions, should be held annually at Audici-st, 
for tlie county in whieh it was ineludcd. 

Tills vote was returned 1)\ the House the next day with- 
out eoiu'urrenec, as they were in some doubt whether tlu' 
eourts should be held in Ajnherst or Merrimack : but they 
l>rofessed a willingness to abide by tlie decision of the 
Couiuul. 

After hearinu; the statements of jtarties interested, the 
(|uestion was ]»ut to the Council whether Amherst should 
lie stricken from the vote and Merrimack put in its jilace, 
and it was decided in the negative. The vote of the Coun- 
cil was then concurred in by the House. 

1 April, 1769. William Parker and Samuel l/ivermoi-e 
were apj)ointed liy the House to act with such as the 
Couni'il might join to draft and j)resent a bill for the divi- 
sion of the Province into counties, agreeably to the votes 
recently ])assed. The Council ajipoiuteil i)aniel Warner 
and Peter Livius members of the committee on its part. 

The bill i)rei)ared by the committee received the sanction 
of both houses '2') April, 17t)9, and the signature of (Jo\. 
John Wentworth on the *2!Hh day of the same month, the 
counties constituted by it receiving the names of llocking- 
ham. Stratiford, Hillsborough, Cheshire, and CIrafton. 

It was provided that the counties of Strafford and CJraf- 
ton should remain and be considered a part of Jlockingham 
county at present ; but that the other counties should be 
organized as so(jn as the necessary provisions for the 
accommodation of the courts could l)e made, after '"His 
Majt'sty's royal ai)|)robation of the law should be made 
known." 

The last i)rovision delayed the organization of the conn- 
ties for some time, but the kimr's consent was linallv given. 



336 HISTORY OF AMHERST, [Chap. 

and the necessary arrangements for the accommodation of 
the court being made, the first session of the superior court 
for the count}' of Hillsborough was held at Amherst in the 
month of September, 1771. 

While the division of the Province into counties was 
under consideration, there was much discussion concerning 
the shire towns of tlie proposed counties. In Hillsborough 
county there seems to have been considerable feeling mani- 
fested on the subject. Petitions were presented to the 
Ueneral Court from the towns of Bow, Chester, Hampstead, 
Londonderry, Pelham, Plaistow, Salem, and Sandown, 
asking that those towns might be included in the county 
with the towns lying between Peterborough and the Merri- 
mack river. Petitions were also sent from Peterborough 
and New Boston for the same purpose. On the other hand 
petitions were presented from Bedford, Dunstable, Hills- 
borough, Monson, New Ipswich, Society Land, and Wilton, 
protesting against the annexation of any towns east of 
Merrimack river to the new count}'. Several of these last 
petitions evidently originated in Amherst, as they were 
written by that accomplished scribe, John Shepard, jr. 

In the petition from Dunstable the petitioners beg leave 
to return thanks to the legislature for the wisdom and 
prudence they had displayed in fixing upon ihe Merrimack 
river as the boundary line between the counties, and express 
the opinion that not a single town should be added to those 
already proposed to form the new county. In some of these 
])apers reference is made to the fears expressed by some 
that the county will be unable to support its organization, 
from the lack of a sufficient number of inhabitants, which 
fears they think are unfounded. 

The petitioners from Wilton concur with those from 
Dunstable, and ask furtlier that Amherst may be made the 
shire town of the county. 

In this matter, as in all others in which the welfare of 
the town was concerned. Pastor Wilkins took a deep 



XV.] COURTS. 837 

interest. The following letter, written l)v him to one of the 
menil)ers of the (lovei-nor's Couiicil. at that time, has been 
[(reserved : 

'• To llie Ifoii'hle Gcoiije Jajf'ery, Exifr, in Pititsiiii)nt/i : 

IIon'd & Dkak 8'r : Aft(M' diu^ salutation, I bej; leave to inform 
vi>ur llon'r that the pro[)osal of the (ieneral Court tliat Merrimack be 
the Shire Town of the County on ihe West side of Merrimac River, 
has raised a general uneasiness throughout the whole County, evin 
many tliinking men in Merrimac itself (as I have been credibly 
informed) are well satisfied that if the Proposal be established, it will 
be greatly to the Town Damage in general, as they are small in 
Xuml)er, consisting of seventy odd Families, no more, and them 
exceeding much scattered, and many of the number on New Places, 
and no ways accommoilated to entertain a Court, especially with Hay 
N: I'astoring, neither do they ever expect to be well accommodated 
with the Primeses, as great I*art of their I^and is poor and clothed 
with shrubs, 'i'he uneasiness of the People arises from the .said Pro- 
[losals not being for Andierst rather than Merrimack. \ot oidy as 
Andierst has been talked of for a Shire Town, evin from Its Infancy, 
thereby fixing the minds of the People upon it, but for its situation 
Xearer the Ilart of the County, so that many Towns can come from 
Home in the Morning and return Home in the Kvining. that ca' n't 
possibly do the like if the Court be at Merrimac, and thereby save a 
great deal of Charge to poor People ; and now S'r, I beg leave to give 
a Discription of Andierst in a few Words : It is Situate about Kight 
Miles from Mr. Lutwytche's Ferry, on ^bM•rinu^c Kiver, the contents 
of which is about six miles S(iuare, conlaining about one Hundred 
an<l sixty Famelies, and acconunodated, according to men of the best 
Judgment, to settle an Hundred Families at least, more than is 
already settled, aiul near an Hundred of them good Country Farms, 
Well accommodated with lields ami Pa-stures, and chiefly all good 
Husliands, the Middle of the Town pleasantly situated, a gooil coach 
IJoad to it from the Fastward and Southern Parts of the Province, 
and all Roads centering there. The People in general knowing the 
situation and accommodations of .\mherst to entertain the Court, 
suppose that the Ceneral Court's proposal for Merrimack sprung from 
a mis-Repre.sentation. 

The occasion of these lines to your iioifr was the cries of the Peo- 
ple, and to beg leave to subscribe your humble serv't. 

DAXIKI. W 1 1. KINS. 
Amiif.I!--!, ( )ft. ve 1st, 17ti7. 



338 HISTORY OF AMHERST. [Chap. 

P. S. S'r : I must beg leave to tell your Hou'r that Mr. Willard, a 

son of Coll. Willard, of Winchester, and one ]Mr. llall was at my 

House the liast Evening as agent for Keen and other towns, toward 

the great River, to desire that the Shire Town might be Amherst, and 

likewise that there is a general uneasiness of its being at Merrimack 

and also Walepole, as that every town save two would be greatly 

Discommoded if the Court was had at Walepole and not at Keen, and 

also beg the favor of its being established at Keen, as Keen will much 

best commode the Peojjle in General, or at least that his Exelency, 

with your Hon'rs, would grant them Liberty to bring Down the minds 

of the People. 

D. W. 

The meeting-house belonging to the town was, as else- 
where stated, presented to the county for a court house, 
and was subsequently moved from its original location, at 
the junction of the roads near the house now occupied by 
P. W. and Thomas Jones, to a site on the Plain, north of 
the soldiers' monument, where it was burned by an incen- 
diary on the night following the 15th day of March, 1788. 

A jail was built shortly after the organization of the 
county, which now forms a part of the old jail house build- 
ing, and some forty years later the stone jail building was 
erected. 

At a meeting held 31 March, 1788, the town voted to 
grant eighty pounds toward the erection of a new court 
house. John Patterson, Capt. Josiah Crosby, Samuel Dana, 
Esq., Daniel Campbell, and James Ray, were appointed a 
committee to superintend its erection, and its " location, 
form, and figure," were referred to the committee and the 
selectmen of the town. 

The second court house was built on the spot now occu- 
pied by the dwelling-house of David Russell, Esq. After 
the brick court house was built it was sold and removed to 
the westerly part of the Plain, where it was fitted up for a 
chapel, for which it was used several years, when it was 
again sold and fitted up for tenement dwellings. It is still 
standing near the foundery buildings. West of it, as it was 
originally located, and near by, were the whipping-post and 



XV.] COURTS. 339 

|)ill(»ry. those " terrors ol" \\w law" to evil doers aiuoiej the 
fatlieis. 'I'Jie wliipidiii^s iiiHieted, we may judjie, varied in 
severity accurdino- to the dis})ositioii of the ollieer who 
iiiliirt('(l them. In one instance, still rciurnilici-cil. tlir 
culpiit was told jM'ivately that he " shonld not l»e whi|tj)ed 
veiy hard," hut was directed to make a terrible outcry every 
time he was struck. 

After tlie State prison was built, the pilloiy and whi))- 
l)in,<r-post were dispensed with, ami hut \ery few persons 
now living can remember them. 

In this second court house the u'iauts of the leiial jirofes- 
sion in New Hampshire, from 1787 to 1822, were wont to 
congregate at the semi-annual sessions of the llillslxjrough 
county courts. Here came Jere. ^Nlason, Jere. Smith, the elder 
Pluuier, William (Jordon, David Everett, the elder Ather- 
tous, Le\ i Woodbury, (xeorge Sullivan, Arthui- Fiixermore. 
Sam. Hell, Parker Noyes, Judge Richardson, and others (jf 
lesser note: and here, greatest of all, Daniel Webster made 
his maiden argument before Judge P^arrar, lie had 
liuished the study of his j)rofession in the ofhce of Christo- 
pher ( lore, a distinguished jurist in Uostcui. and had been 
admitted to t!:e Suffolk county bar on motion of that gen- 
tleman in .March, 18l>o. A few weeks later he visited 
Anduust, and argued a motion ])efore Judge Farrar's court 
with such clearness that the ))residing judge remarked to 
his associates, "That young num's statement is a most 
unanswerable argument," and at once granted the motion. 

'J'he town of Concord having pi-esented a |ietition to the 
C.eneral Court, asking to be annexeil to the county of Ilills- 
Itoi-ough, and that oiu:^ half of the courts then held at 
Audirrst might be held in that town, the ]ieo|tle of Audierst. 
at a meeting held 28 April, 1785, voted their unwilliuguess 
that the i»etition should be granted, and chose Joshua 
Atherton, Augustus Dhinchard. and Samuel l>aua, l']s(js., a 
committee "to show the (Jeneral Cijui't the reasons of their 
unwillingness." Col. Robert Means, then representative of 



340 HISTORY OF AMHEEST. [Chap. 

the town, was instructed to assist the committee, who were 
directed " to confer with other towns relative to the prem- 
ises before hearing the petition." 

The people of the towns in the northern part of the 
county requiring greater conveniences for the transaction 
of their business before the courts, the legislature passed 
an act which was approved 25 December, 1792, providing 
that the May term of the superior court and the September 
and December terms of the court of common pleas and 
general court of sessions, held annually at Amherst, should 
thereafter be held at Hopkinton, at the same time they had 
been lield at Amherst, provided that the said courts should 
be held in or as near the mcetiag-house in said Hopkinton 
as they could conveniently be, and that the act should be 
null and void if, at the expiration of two years from its 
passage, the town of Hopkinton had not erected a suitable 
house, free of expense to the county, in which to hold said 
courts. 

The required building was promptly erected, and Hop- 
kinton became a half shire town of the county, and so 
continued until the formation of Merrimack county in 1823. 
A jail was also erected there which continued to be used by 
the county of Merrimack after its incorporation until the 
completion of the new jail at Concord in 1852. 

A committee appointed by the town to examine and 
report, among other things, what part of the common the 
town should appropriate for a court-house, on condition that 
the town should have the privilege of using the same for a 
town house, reported, at a meeting held 21 September, 
1818, recommending that the town should grant the county 
a right to erect a court-house and the necessary buildings 
for the accommodation of the same on the common, in front 
of the burying-ground, placing the back thereof as far as 
may be convenient, into the burying-ground, provided the 
town shall ever have the privilege of using the house to 
hold their meetings in. 



XV.] COURTS. 341 

The plan of fonninu" a new fountv for the l)etter accom- 
modation of the peoj)le residing in the northerly ])art of 
Hillsborough and the nortli-wcstern ])art of Kockingham 
coiiiities, began to be discussed about tins time. A plan of 
the proposed county of Rumt'ord, containiug substantially 
the same territory as was at first contained in the county 
of Meri'iniack, apiienrcd in the AV//' Ifaiti/js/iirr l\^lril)L^\^ 
January, ISl'.i ; and a bill providiug for its incorjioration 
was introduced into the Senate aiul adxocated l)y Hon. 
Isaac Hill at the session nl' the IcLiislal me held in lU'cem- 
ber, 1S20, which was jiostijoncd. The subject was again 
brought up in the legislature at the session held in June, 
1821, and referred to the voters of the towns interested at 
their next annual meeting, at which a large majority of the 
votes cast were found to Ije in favor of the ])roject. The 
town of Hopkinton ami some others in its immediate 
vicinity, however, voted almost nnaniinously against it. 

Finally the legislature passed an act constituting the 
county of Merrimack, which was approved by the governor, 
o .Inly, 1823, and Concord was designated as its shire 
town. \\y this act the towns of Andover, ]>oscawen, Brad- 
ford. |)nnl)arti)n, Fisherslield, Henniker, Hooksett, IIo|)kin- 
ton. New London, Salisbury, Sutton, Warner, and Wilmot, 
were taken from Hillsl)oi'ough county and became parts of 
tb(> new county. 

It was then pi'ojtosed in some ijnartcrs to i-euiove the 
couits and county olbces of the county of Hillsborough 
from Andierst to Mont Vernon, and liberal offers were 
nuule by some of the citizens of the latter j)lacc toward 
defraying the expense of erecting the necessary l)uililings 
in that tosvn for the accommodation of the couits and 
county ollices. Citizens of Ambei'st also olfered to jjrovidc 
better accommodations in this town than the county olHcials 
had hitherto had, free of expense to the county. On being 
liiought before the legislature, the matter was referred to 
the decision of the voters of the countv, who at the election 



342 



HISTORY OF AMHERST. 



[Chap. 



in March, 1824, decided, by a vote of about three to one, to 
continue Amherst as the shire town. 




THE THIRD COURT-HOUSE, NOW THE TOWN-HOUSE. 



A new court-liouse — the present town-house — was erected 
shortly after, on hind given by the town for tliat purpose. 
The town also relinquished all the right they had in the old 
court-house to the committee for building the new one, 
their share of the proceeds of the sale of the house to be 
expended on or about the new house, and to be entered on 
the subscription paper as the subscription of the town of 
Amherst toward the erection of the new court-house. 

Tiie balance of the expense of its erection was defrayed 
by contributions of citizens of the town. 

Fire-proof safes for the reception and safe-keeping of the 
county records, and rooms for the use of the county officers, 
were provided in the additions built on the north and 
south ends of the court-house by the county in 1828. 



XV.] COURTS. 343 

By an act of the legislature, aj)i)r()vcd 2H December, 
1844, it was provided that a term of the court of connnon 
pleas should thereafter be held at ^fanchester on the f(jurth 
Tuesday of October, annually, i)r()vided that town shouhl 
furnish suitat)lc acconuuixhUions for its sitting, free of 
expense to the county, and the selectmen of the town were 
to notify the clerk of the court wlien such accommodations 
were provided. 

An act passed 12 July, 1856, provided that a term of the 
superior court should be held at Nashua on the first Tues- 
day of February, annually, on the same conditions as pre- 
scribed in the act ]trt)\iding for a session of tiie court of 
common pleas to be held at Miinchestei-. By an act 
passed 8 July, 1859, the time for holding the term of the 
court at Nashua was changed to the first Tuesday of May, 
annually. 

Prior to this time the subject of the removal of the 
county records from Amherst was discussed. 

An act providing for their removal to Manchester when- 
ever suitable buildings for their reception and the accom- 
modation of the county ollicers should be provitlLMJ tiiere, 
free of expense to the county, was passed 8 July, 18(>2. 
This, however, was made subject to the approval of the 
voters of the county at the annual meeting in the following 
Marcli, at which time a majority of the votes cast were 
against the proposed change. 

At tlu^ same session of the legislature the time for 
holding the session of the superior court at Amherst was 
changed to the first Tuesday of May, annually. 

An act was passed 29 June, 1S(U, providing for the 
removal of the county records to Nashua, wlienever that 
city jirovidcd suitalile buildings for their reception, free of 
expense to the county. This act was sul)jcct to the ap))rovnl 
of the voters of the county at a special meeting called in 
the several towns and cities in the month of August follow- 
ing, when a majority of the votes cast being in favor of flic 



1 



344 HISTORY OP AMHERST. [Chap 

proposed change, building's were erected in Nashua for the 
accommodation of the county officers and the safe-keeping 
of the county records, which were removed there in August, 
1866, and the offices were opened on the eighteenth day of 
that month. 

A jail having been built at Manchester, the jail, jail-liouse, 
and small house near by, in Amherst, and the land around 
them, owned by the county, were sold at auction, 8 October, 
1867. 

The land on which these buildings stood was presented 
to the county by Jonathan Smith, in 1771. 

By an act of the legislature, approved 15 July, 1879, the 
May term of the superior court held at Amherst on the first 
Tuesday of May, annually, was abolished, and a term of the 
court was ordered to be held in its stead at Nashua and 
Manchester, alternately, on the first Tuesday of May, 
annually. 

This completed the removal of the Hillsborough county 
courts from Amherst, where they had been held wholly, or 
in part, for one hundred and eight years. 

On the removal of the courts, the court-house, agreeably 
to the provisions of the deed, given the county in 1824, 
became the property of the town. 

It has since been fitted up for a town-house, and contains 
a large and convenient town-hall, rooms for the town offi- 
cers, the town library, and a fire-proof safe for the preser- 
vation of the town records, etc. 

A HILLSBOROUGH COUNTY COURT IN 1796, 

As described by a prominent lawyer of Amherst in a letter 
to Jeremiah Smith. 

"Judge wore a wig, alias a scratch, which was upon the 

whole tolerably ridiculous, especially as it was frequently made to 
change its position, to our no small amusement. As to the rest I will 
say nothing. 

Gordon had the bar to dine with him on Thursday, and it happened 
that I had previously asked the judges to dine with me, and therefore 



XV.] COURTS. 34o 

missed of much pleasiin.', us \vell as wiiu,', I sliDuld lia\i; I'lijoyol at 
his house. 

He endeavored to get all his brethren drunk, and, it not being a 
very difficult undertaking, he succeeded veiy well, with respect to 
them, and liimsclf too. 

About half past three in came tlu' wliolc fraternity, with .Indue 1). 
at Ihcir head, wlio was tlie soberest man among them (what tliink 
you of the other?), ready to give the fraternal hug even to old Iv., 
himself. D. goggled to the Court. A. and S. were silent, for the best 
of reasons, — they could not speak. C. and W. quarreled, and threat- 
ened to fight. Gordon laughed at every thing and every body. B. 
and S. D., jr., argued a case to the great satisfaction of them- 
selves. Claggett fell asleep, and Ben Champney made poetry. X. G'. 
stole a few writs, and Tliompson made up his large bills of costs. 

Old K. (the sheriff) broke all his deputy sheriffs, and took care of 
the jury himself to save the fees." 

Judge Smith, on his return from Congress the i)recediug 
summer, had been met at the hall of Dr. Curtis by the 
gentlemen of the bar, the honorable judges of the court of 
common pleas, and a number of respectable citizens of 
Amherst and the adjoining towns, who presented a formal 
address to him, thanking him for his labors in Congress, 
and congratulating him on his safe return. 

Smith bore the infliction })aticntly, made an ap|»ro|)i'iate 
reply, and on the whole acted his part well ; but the whole 
aft'air disgusted him, and he afterward wrote to a friend 
that could he have found a window to jump out of he 
believed he should have ventured to do it. The affair 
ended in a dinner, the result of which was probaljly not 
very different from Gordon's dinner to the bar. 

APPOINTMENT OF A SlIKRIFF OF HILLSBOROUGH COUNTY, DURING 
THE '' ERA OF GOOD FEELING." 

Sheriff Benjamin Pierce, of Hillsborough connty. hav- 
ing been electetl tiovernor, a majority of his couneil, at 
a sessit)n held -l'-) .Iiinc, 1S27, nominated Edmund Parker, 
of Amiierst, as his succ^^ssor ; but the governor refused to 
sanction the appointment. John Wallace, jr., of Milford, a 
member of the Council, was then proposed by a majority of 



346 HISTORY OF AMHERST. [Chap. 

the Council, but rejected by the Governor. 28 June, Henry 
Fields, of Merrimack, was nominated by the Governor, but 
rejected by the Council. The nomination of William 
Whittemore, of Greenfield, made by the Governor, was 
rejected by the Council. Jesse Bowers, of Dunstable, was 
then nominated by the Governor, but rejected by the 
Council. 3 July, Timothy Danforth, of Amherst, was nom- 
inated by the Governor, and confirmed by the Council ; but 
the next day both Governor and Council annulled the 
appointment. 5 July, Jacob Tuttle, of Antrim, was proposed 
by the Governor, but rejected by the Council. David L. 
Morril, of Goffstown, was then proposed by the Council, 
but rejected by the Governor. Finally, Jacob Whittemore, 
of Antrim, was proposed by the Governor, and, the nomi- 
nation being approved by the Council, he became Gov. 
Pierce's successor in the office of sheriff of Hillsborough 
county. 

The jail has not been a very secure place for the confine- 
ment of criminals, who frequently found means to escape. 
They were generally recaptured and held to answer to the 
complaints made against them. In one instance one of 
the escaped prisoners, who had got as far as Lake Cham- 
plain, was there drowned. In another instance the culprit 
was found snugly eiisconced in a flour barrel at Man- 
chester. 

Perhaps the most noted jail delivery was made by sheriff 
Pierce, 20 Nov., 1818, shortly after his re-appointment as 
sheriff of the county. 

At that time Capt. Moses Brown, Isaac Lawrence, and 
George Lancy, were confined in jail for debt, and their case 
having excited some sympathy in the county, means had 
been taken to effect their discharge, but without success. 

On assuming the office, sheriff Pierce took the respon- 
sibility of paying the debts and costs for which they 
were confined, opened the jail doors and set them at 



XV.] COURTS. 847 

liberty, at the same time making them an ajtiti-ujjriate 
address, which was published and widely circulated. 

'i'he case of Capt. Brewer w-as a hard one. He was a 
native of Nova Scotia, came to this country before the 
Revolution, entered the army at the commencement of the 
war, and commanded a comj>any in the Sixteenth Massa- 
cliusetts rcirimcnt in that contest, lie came to Amherst in 
iSll, and was, at his own rciiucst, assisted by the overseers 
of the poor se\eral times during the season of 1814. In 
December of that year he was committed to jail on an 
action for debt, originally amounting to about eight 
dollars, which, at the time of his release — including board- 
bills, costs, etc. — amounted to about i300. 

MICHAEL KEIFF. 

The late James Roby, Esq., is stated to have said that 
Keiff kindled the lire by wliieh Ciiarlestown was consumed 
on the 17th day of June, 1775. As Mr. Roby was well 
acquainted with the place, and was employed as a sort of 
spy upon the movements of the British at that time, we 
may assume that he knew whereof he affirmed. 

The first notice w^e have of Keiff in connection with 
Amherst, is that he was employed by tlie town toward 
filling its quota of six months' men riMpiired fnithe army in 
July, 1781. 

After the close of the war he pro))al>ly found it some- 
what ditliiMilt to procure subsistence for himself and family. 
The times were hard. Ue was intemperate, and doubtless 
joined with many others in blaming the courts and lawyers 
for his misfortunes. The burning of the court-house in 
March, 1788, a legitimate result of the popular feeling at 
the time, was by many attributed to him. but no proof 
could be obtained of his guilt. 

Threatening letters were afterward found on the premises 
of some of the prominent citizens of the village ; but no 
clue was obtained, at the time, of their author. Some of 
these were as follows : 



348 HISTORY OP AMHERST. [Chap. 

" Concerning the Sons of Liberty, the god of heaven has luck Down 
from his throne upon his people, the poor of America, and tliinks 
they should have liberty. Now they Demand liberty. They fight for 
it wonce, and gat the Day by the help of the Allmighty. Now let 
those men that grinds the face of the poor look oiit sharp. A new 
year's gift, god is going to give people that liberty. All Sear [shire] 
towns in this Amarick [America] shall be visited with fire, god's 
poor must be free from all Ilaits and taxes. We will not bon [burn] 
the poor. 

Doctor Curtiss, let this be seen in this town for fear of trouble." 

Another one in regard to the location of the court-house : 
" /o the men of Amherst: 

Concerning your Court-house, we have it in our hands to bring it 
Down, as fast as you will put it up. up country is the place where it 
ought to be. if you build it any where, build it at the ould place, by 
Codman or before Ilopson, the tanner, on the other side of the Rode, 
if you bild it anny where Else in Amherst, it will Com Down, for we 
no them that tuck it in hand to mov it at first, if you Cause us to 
Com Down to Amherst another Journey, we will mak light plenty 
before we will Com back. 

there is four or five men tliat tuck in hand to move it at first, and 
we now their names. 

if we must Com Down again, there will be more bildings Com Down 
before we go back. Samuel Albany, do you show this to the men on 
the plain for fear trouble should com on you." 

A similar letter was left at Ephraim Hildreth's, at the 
Jones place, directed, " Efrim Hildrick, Do you show this 
to the men on the plain, for fear trouble should Com on 
you." 

A friendly epistle to Robert Means : 

" L'f 't Hopson pray carry this to means, for fear Evil should happen 
to you. * 

Robert Means, you Com to be a grate man, both in name and 
Ritches, by grinding the face of the poor. I have heard people say 
what is got over the Divil back is commonly spint under his belly, 
and now T think you will meet with trouble, now we should be glad 
if you would sine for Liberty, for the poor shall not pay Rates no 
more, so bless our god, for the poor has faught for liberty once, and 
they never had it yet, and as for Samuel Deny [Dana], he will see 
the Divil yet." 

Directed, " To L't Hopson, in Amherst." 



XV.] COURTS. 349 

After the (k'striictioii of Mr. Atlicrtoirs barns, the incen- 
iliarv was tracked across the liehls to Keilf's house. An 
(xaniinatioii showed that the tracks were made by 
Kicffs boots. Fcarini^ an arrest he left home, and was 
reported to have spent some time in the vicinity of Monad- 
uock mountain, whither some officers were dispatched in 
search of liim. but their search was fruitless. 

One evening, sherilf Hoby, while returning home from 
the village, saw the figure of a man with a gun in his hand 
skulking about in a thicket of pines north of the place now 
oeeupied l)y ^\v. (iilson, on the old New Boston road, 
'riiiukiug the num might be the one he wanted, the sheriff' 
dismounted, and went in jiursuit. He soon came up with 
hiui, anil, after a short contest, knocked the culprit down 
with a hickory cane he carried, and held him until assist- 
an«'e arrived, when he was secured. 

KeilV was sliortly after indicted and couvietcd of, Jirst, 
liublishing traitorous and seditious letters ; second, of burn- 
ing a barn, the property of Joshua Atherton, of Amherst. 

I-'oi- the first offence he was sentenced to be whipped 
tifteen stri|)cs, sit on the gallows one hour witli the rope 
about his neck, and stand committed until the sentence was 
]ierfoi-med. 

For the seeond olTence he was sentenced to be whipped 
tliirty stripes, be imprisoned six months fn.)m the following 
.lime, pay the c(;sts of prosecution, and stand committed 
until the sentence was performed. 

< )n the morning following tin- day of his trial and con- 
viction. — 14 May, IT'.M), — KietV was found dead in his cell, 
his jugular vein and windpipe having been severed by a 
knife he carried about his person. A coroner's inquest 
pronounced it a ease of •* wilful suicide." 

Tradition says the feeling against him was so strong that 
his remains were not allowed to be buried in tlie grave-yard, 
but were deposited in some out of the way place near by. 



350 HISTORY OF AMHERST. [Chap. 

His family remained in town some years. Some of his 
cliildren attended Master Brooks's scliool in " Upper 
Flanders," in 1801 ; but they went, shortly after, no one 
now knows whither. 

His widow became poor, and was supported by the town. 
She died on the pauper farm, 4 September, 1841, at the 
great age of ninety-seven years. 

TRIAL, CONVICTION, AND EXECUTION, OF FARMER. 

At a session of the superior court held at Hopkinton, 21 
April, 1821, Daniel Davis Farmer, of CToffstown, was 
arraigned for the murder of Widow Anna Ayer, of Goffs- 
town, on the sixth day of the same month. 

Under the circumstances of the case, the trial was post- 
poned to the term of the court to be held in Amherst in 
October following, to which place he was conveyed and 
committed to jail the following Wednesday. 

At the next session of the court he was tried before a 
jury composed of the following persons : 

William Ames, foreman, Moody D. Lovewell, 

^Nathaniel Hutchinson, James Martin, 

Amos Elliott, John Brooks, 

Nathan FixUer, John Goodspeed, 

William Patten, Daniel Ingalls, 

Eli Sawtell, Josiah French. 

10 October, 1821, he was convicted, the jury rendering 
their verdict at a few minutes past eleven o'clock, p. m. 
The next day, sentence was pronounced by Justice Wood- 
bury, and the third day of December following was assigned 
for its execution. A reprieve of one month was granted by 
Gov. Bell, and the execution took place Thursday, 3 Jan- 
uary, 1822, between the hours of two and three o'clock, p. 
M. The gallows was erected on the spot now occupied by 
the house of Dea. B. B. David. Although the weather was 
intensely cold, it was estimated that 10,000 people were in 
attendance. 



XV.] COURTS. 351 

Leaving the jail at two o'clock, Farmer was conveyed to 
the j)hice of execution. He was accompanied, in the sleigii 
in which he rode, by Messrs. Lord and Chapin, and two civil 
officers. A sleigh conveying his coffin followed, the whole 
being surrounded by deputy sheriffs on horseback, headed 
by the sherilV of the count}'. On arriving at the gallows, 
he ascended the stage on which the jjlatforni was erected 
without assistance. The death-warrant was read, and 
prayer was ofiered by Mr. Lord, in which the prisoner 
joined. He then ascended the platform, and the noose was 
adjusted. At that time, as he seemed to be suffering 
severely from excessive agitation and the effects of the cold, 
Mr. Lord stepped forward, and taking his cloak from his 
shoulders placed it over him. A handkerchief was 
given him with directions to drop it wlien he was ready, 
and the signal being given the drop fell, and, after a few 
convulsive movements, all was over. 

After hanging a short time, Farmer was pronounced by 
the surgeons present to be dead. His remains were then 
taken down and delivered to his brother, who conveyed 
them to Manchester, where they were buried on the follow- 
ing Sunday. 

The duty sheriff Pierce was called upon to perform was 
to him a luiteful one. A person who was present said 
he was " as pale as the culprit, and when he put out his 
hand to touch the fatal spring, it sliook like a leaf." 

The gallows on which Farmer paid the iM-naUy of his 
crime was stored in the attic of the jail, where it was burned 
on the morning of the fourteenth day of June, 1850. 

2-1 April, 1849, Letitia S. Blaisdell, of Goffstown, plead 
guilty to an indictment for poisoning Benjamin E. Blaisdell, 
also of Goffstown, and was thereupon sentenced by Judge 
Eastnuin to be hung, on the thirtieth day of August follow- 
ing : l»ut the sentence was changed to imprisonment for 
life, by the Governor and Council, and she was conveyed to 
the state prison in July. 



352 HISTORY OF AMHEJRST. [Chap. 

A trial which attracted considerable attention in the 
county took place at the October term of the court in 1830, 
and resulted in the conviction of Nathan Carr on three 
indictments : for having in his possession materials for 
counterfeiting bank-notes ; for having in his possession 
counterfeit bills, with intent to pass them ; and for passing 
a counterfeit bank bill ; on which he was sentenced in the 
whole to thirty days of solitary confinement, and to twelve 
years of confinement at hard labor in the state prison. 

The trial of Carr was attended with a heavy expense to 
the county, and his conviction gave general satisfaction to 
the citizens. 

PUNISHMENT FOR THEFT IN THE " OLDEN " TIME. 

One John Totman was brought before justice Samuel 
Wilkins charged with stealing a felt hat and surtout, valued 
at twenty- seven shillings. Pleading guilty to the charge, 
he was sentenced to be whipped thirteen stripes on the 
naked back, and to pay the owner of the stolen property 
five pounds, seventeen shillings, that being three times its 
value. The flogging was administered by Joseph Boutell. 

Saturday night, 10 December, 1803, the store of Nathan 
Kendall, Esq., was broken into and robbed of a variety of 
English goods and some money. The thief was pursued 
ajid overtaken in Chelmsford the next morning.- A part of 
the goods had been disposed of on the way. The remainder 
were found with him. He was brought back, and, on exam- 
ination, pleading guilty, was committed to jail._ 

At the term of the court in May following he was tried 
on two indictments for stealing, convicted, and sentenced 
to receive fifty lashes and be sold for costs and damages. 

The following acknowledgment of a theft was found 
among the papers left by Daniel Campbell, Esq. : 

" This certifies that I, the subscriber, did, on the night of tlie twen- 
ty-ninth of June last, feloniously take and carry away from D. C, of 
Amherst, a syth with the sneath and other appurtenances thereto 



XV.] COURTS. 353 

lK'l()iit;iii.L;', lor whicli I am lioartily sorry, humltly ask forgiveness of 
(i(ti> and the world, and i>n>niisu to endeavour to conduct better for 
the future. 

SiK^ncd : B. C. 
Amiikisst, Julv '•). \7>>\. 
Test : Xaiu'm IJai.pwix, 
N A r 1 1 A X I\ I ; N I > A I , I . . 

Fi'oin the time of the oi'g'aiii/ation of the State <2;oveni- 
meiit iiiuler the tein()()rary Constitution, in .lanuary, ITTti, 
until the chjsc of the century, but few members of the le.u'al 
profession served as judges in the State courts. The ])oitu- 
lar feeling against lawyers in those times doubtless in many 
cases inHucnced the appointing power in the selection of 
judges, and the inadequacy of the salaries, which were 
much less than the ordinary income of a successful lawyer, 
wouM forbid the acce})tance of the office if tendered to 
him. Instead of lawyers — physicians, clergymen and mer- 
chants, upright, fearless men, occupied the judges' seats, 
and dispensed justice with more regard to erpiity than law, 
and Arthur Livermore is reported as having once said that, 
"•Justice was never better administered in New IJampshirc 
than when the judges knew very little of what we lawyers 
call law." 

•s.] 



354 



HISTORY OP AMHERST. 



[Cliap. 



CHAPTER XYI. 

MILITARY HISTORY. 

1745-1763. 

FRENCH AND INDIAN WARS. GRANT OF AMMUNITION TO THE, 

SETTLERS. PETITION OP MR. WILKINS TO THE AUTHORITIES 

OF NEW HAMPSHIRE. — SCOUTS FURNISHED FOR THE PROTEC- 
TION OF THE SETTLERS. — ANOTHER PETITION FOR ASSISTANCEj 
WITH THE NAMES OF THE SIGNERS. — DEA. HOBBS'S " SABBa| 

day" FIGHT. — LIEUT. PRINCE's ESCAPE. NAMES OF THI 

INHABITANTS OF SOUHEGAN WEST WHO SPJRVED IN THE WARj 
— TORTURE AND DEATH OF McKEAN. — CAPT. HOBBS'S FIGhI 
WITH SACKETT. 

At a meeting held in the meeting-liousc, 30 January| 
1744-45, the proprietors 

" Voted, til at they will allow the Inhabitants a stock of Amnuiiu-' 
tion to defend themselvds iil case there should be occasion." 

This vote is the only one recorded whicli tells us of anj 
action taken by the proprietors for the defense of the 
settlers against the attacks of the savages. 

Tradition tells us that about this time seven garrisoi 
houses were erected in different parts of the town, to whicl 
the inhabitants resorted in times of danger. Beside thcsej 
a block-house, or fort, is said to have been built for the 
protection of tiie settlers. 

After the breaking out of the war, the inhabitants met 
at the house of Rev. Mr. Wilkins, and authorized him ii 
their name and behalf to 



SVI.] FRENCH AND INDIAN WARS. 355 

" Represent to the Governor and Council of New Ilanipshiro our 
iistressed circumstances on account of our being- exposed to the 
French and Indian enemy and our Low Condition and Inability to 
;ubsist here unless a suitable guard may be had to defend us when 
ibout our work, and that he make suitable application that these 
things may Immediately be obtained." 

Mr. Wilkiiis shortly alter repaired to Portsmouth, and in 
jelialf of the settlers presented the following' petition : 

" To his Excelency, Benning AVentworth, Esq'r, Capt.-General and 
General-in-Chief in and over his Majesty's Province of New Hamp- 
shire in New England, the Honorable the Council, and House of Rep- 
resentatives, in (General Court convened : 

The Memorial or Petition of Daniel Wilkins, in the name and 
behalf of the Inhabitants of tiie Townshij) or Plantation called 
Soiiliegan West, No. o, in said Province, — 

Humbly sheweth, the said Town has been settled by his Majesty's 
subjects about nine years, and a Gospel Minister ordained almost 
three years ; that the settlers had an Eye at enlarging his Majesties 
Dominions by going into the Wilderness, as well as their own Interest ; 
that some thousand of pounds has been spent in clearing and culti- 
vating the Land there, and vast sums in building Houses, Barns, & 
fences, beside much time and expence in building fortifications by his 
Excellency the Governor's order. 

That the Breaking up of this Settlement will not only ruin the 
Memorialists, but greatly disserve his Alajesties Interest by encourag- 
ing his Enemies to Encroach on his deserted Settlements, and be also 
hurtful to the Province by Contracting its boi%lc!-s and drawing the 
war nearer the Capital. 

That it was by a long and importunate Intercession of this Province 
(and not of the JSIemorialist's seeking) that they are cast under the 
immediate care of this Government, which they conceive give them 
so much the better Right to its protection. 

That as war is akeady declai-ed against France, and a Rupture with 
the Indians hourly expected, your Memorialists, unless they have 
speedy help, will soon be obliged to forsake their Town, how dis- 
serviceable so ever it may be to the Crown, dishonorable to the 
Government, hurtful to the Province, & ruinous to themselves. 
Wherefore, 

Your Memorialists most humbly supplicate your Excelency, the 
honorable Council, and House of Representatives, to take the premises 
into vour wise and mature Co.isideration, and to grant them such 



356 HISTORY OF AMHERST. [Chap. 

seasonable relief as may enable them to subsist in the War, and 
secure against the Ravages and Devastations of a blood-thirsty and 
merciless Enemy, and your Memorialists, as in duty bound, will ever 
pray. 

DAXIEL WILKINS. 
Dated at Portsmouth, June ye 22d, 1741." 

The application was successful, and a scout for the 
protection of the settlers in this and the adjoining towns was 
furnished by the Provincial authorities. A scout was 
afterward furnislied by the Province of Massachusetts, but 
finally withdrawn; but, as the war still continued, Mr. 
Wilkins presented another petition for assistance : 

" To His Excellency, Banning Wentworth, Esq., Governor & C, the 
Honorable his Majesty's Council, and House of Representatives, in 
General Assembly convened. May 13, 1747 : 

The Petition of us, the subscribers, inhabitants of the new planta- 
tion called Souhegan West, humbly sheweth : 

That there is settled and now remains in this plantation thirty-five 
families, in which is about fifty-eight men upwards of sixteen years 
old. 

Tliat when we began our Settlement, we apprehended no danger 
of our ever being a frontier, there being at that time so many above 
us begun and obligated to fulfill the obligations of the Massachusetts 
grants, which occasioned us to settle scattering, only regarding the 
advantages of good and compact farms. 

That the difficulty of war, happening so early on our Settlements, 
and the defenceless state they were in, has obliged them all, namely, 
Peterborough, Salem Canada, New Boston, and Hillsborough — so 
called — entirely to draw off, as well as the forts on Connecticut river. 

The first year of the present war we were favored with a scout fi-om 
this Province, which we thankfully acknowledge, and Salem Canada 
with another, which was equally serviceable to us. Since that time 
Salem Canada and this place have had a guard from the Massachu- 
setts till the winter passed, together with our inhabitants keeping a 
constant scout, though much impoverished thereby. 

That this encouragement has occasioned our venturing here till 
now. 

That as we are now left without scout or guard, apprehend we are 
in imminent danger ; yet loth to yield ourselves such an easy prey to 
our enemies, or suffer ruin by leaving our improvements waste, one 



XVI.] 1<^RENCH AND INDIAN WAliS, 357 

whereof we have no reason to think ))ut must unavoida])ly Ix' our lut, 
unless tliis government grants us protection : 

AYherefore your petitioners most humbly pray that your Excellem-y 
and Honors would so far commiserate our present dithcult circum- 
stances as to grant us so many soldiers as your Excellency and Honors 
may judge necessary for our defence. 

And your petitioners, as in duty bound, shall pray, &c. 
Andrew Hixbe, William Peabody, 

William Bradford, Andrew Seetown, 

Benjamin Cheever, John Seetown, 

Benjamin Cheever, jr., John Shepurd, 

Thomas Clark, Caleb Stiles, 

.lames Cofren, Israel Towne, 

John Davis, Samuel Walton, 

Ebenezer EUinwood, Jacob WeUman, 

David Ilartshorne, Daniel Wilkins, 

William Howard, Daniel Wilkins, jr., 

Solomon Hutchinson, Joseph AVilkins. 

Ebenezer Lyon, 

On lieai'ing this ])etitioii and another of .similar tenor 
from ^fonson, tlic House, 15 May, 1747, 

" ^'oted, that in answer to the two annexed Petitions, namely, that 
of Souhegau West and that of Monson, His Excellenc}' be desired to 
give orders for enlisting or impressing fifteen good, effective men to 
scout and guard, under proper officers, said Souhegan West and 
Monson, till the twentieth of October next, if need be, and that said 
men be shifted once a month." 

AVhich was assented to by the Governor and Council. 

Amoni; the scouts empU)ye<l by the Province in 1748 wc 
lind the names of Daniel Wilkins and Wincol Wright, of 
Souhegan AVest, who were meml)ers of the company em- 
ployed to guard Souhegan, Stark's, and Monson garri.sons 
that season. 

The war came to a close in 1749, but was renewed in 
1752, and continued until the cession of Canada to the 
English in 1763. 

Fortunately, no attack was made upon the settlers at 
Souhegan West by the enemy, and no account has reached 
us that any serious damage was done by them within its 



858 HISTORY OF AMHERST. [Chap. 

borders. A family tradition liae reached us that a party of 
settlers, under the lead of Dea. Hobbs, had a smart fight 
with the Indians one Sunday mornin<r, in whicli the Deacon 
handled his men so skillfully that no one of them was 
injured, while they were sure that some of the savages ,were 
killed. The Indians are reported to have said afterward : 
" Souhegan deacon no very good. He fight Sabba-day." 
-On another occasion, Avhile Lieut. Joseph Prince was going, 
one evening, from his clearing ti> the garrison-house, which 
stood near where Mr. I>. J?. Whiting's house now stands, he 
heard an arrow whiz ])ast his head. On his return the 
following morning, he found it sticking in a tree near by 
the path he had followed. 

Near the close of this war several of the inhabitants 
served in the expeditions sent against the common enemy. 
Sergeant Ebenezer Lyon, John Everdeen, David Hartshorn, 
jr., San^uel Lamson, Joseph Small, and Thomas Williams, 
served in Col. Blanchard's regiment at Crown Point, in 
1755. 

Humphrey Hobbs was a captain in the ranger service in 
1755. 

Lieut. Ebenezer Lyon, Daniel Wilkins, Samuel Bradford, 
Israel Towne, Joseph Lovejoy, John Burns, Jonathan Lam- 
son, Nathaniel Haseltine, Daniel Weston, Stephen Peabody, 
and John Mills, served in Col. John Hart's regiment, at 
Crown Point, in 1758. 

Benjamin Davis, John Mills, John Stewart, and Robert 
Stewart, were privates in Col. John Goffe's regiment, at 
Crown Point, in 1760. 

^^^^'■^oYm McKeau, brother of Samuel, -who settled in Amherst in 1761, 
seems to have been a resident in the township prior to 1757. He was 
one of the ill-fated New Hampshire battallion that surrendered to 
Montcalm, the leader of the French and Indians, at Fort "W^illiam 
Henry, in August, 1757. While the garrison of the fort was marching 
out, after its surrender, the New Hampshii-e /6iilitia, being in the rear, 
were suddenly attacked by the Indians, and .eighty, out of the two 
hundred n^en present, were killed. McKean was taken prisoner after 



XVI.] FRENCH AND INDIAN WARS. 359 

a desperate struggle for his liberty. On the night following his 
capture, he was stripped of his clothing, and bound to a tree by his 
captors, where he stood a target for their keen-edged knives and tom- 
ahawks. When he was gashed and bleeding at every pore, his wounds 
were filled with pitch-pine splinters, which were set atire, which soon 
terminated his tortures." 

The following account is given oi" one of Dea. Hobbs's 
fights with the Indians : 

" Jn the month of February, 17-18, the ]\hissachusetts (ieneral Court 
directed the number of men at Fort ^Massachusetts, now Adams, 
Mass., and Number Four, now Charlestown, N. H., to be increased to 
one hundred in each place. Of these, a suitable force was to be 
employed to intercept the French and Indian enemy in their uaarches 
from Wood-creek and Ottei'-creek to the frontiers. As an incentive 
to vigilance, a reward of one hundred pounds was ordered to be 
divided in equal parts among the officers and soldiers of any scoutuig 
party that might capture an Indian or produce the scalp of one they 
had killed. Capt. Stevens was again appointed commander at Xumber 
Four, and Capt. Ilobbs was ordered to the same post as second in com- 
mand. On the twenty-fifth of fJune, Capt. Ilobbs, with forty men, was 
ordered from Number Four to Fort Shirley, in Heath, one of the forts 
of the ^Massachusetts cordon, extending from Fort Massachusetts to 
Ximiber Four. On Sunday, June 26, having proceeded about six miles, 
they halted at a place about twelve miles north-west of Fort Dumnier, in 
the precincts of what is now the town of Marlborough, Vt. A large 
body of Indians, who had discovered Hobbs's trail, had made a rapid 
march in order to cut him off. They were comnuinded by a resolute 
chief named Sackett, said to liave been a half blood, a descendaut of 
a captive taken at Westtield, IMass. 

Although Hobbs was not aware of the pursuit of the enemy, lie 
had posted a guard on his trail, and his men, having spread themselves 
over a low piece of ground covered with alders intermixed with large 
trees and watered by a rivulet, had prepared their dinner, and were 
regaling themselves at their packs. While in tiiis situation, the rear 
guards were driven in from their posts, which was the lirst intimation 
given of the presence of the enemy. 

Without knowing the strength of his adversaries, Capt. Hobbs 
instantly formed his men for action, each one by his advice selecting 
a tree as a cover. 

Trusting in the superiority of their nunibers, and confident of 
success, the enemy rushed forward with shouts ; but Hobbs's well- 
directed fire, by which several were killed, checked their im}tetuosity, 



360 HISTORY OF AMHERST. [Chap. 

and caused theoi to retreat for shelter behind the trees and brush. 
The action now Ijecanie warm, and a severe conflict followed between 
the sharpshooters. The two commanders had been known to each 
other in times of peace, and both bore the character of fearless men. 
Sackett, who could speak English, frequently called ui)on Ilobbs in 
the tones of a stentor to surrender, and threatened, in case of refusal, 
to destroy his men with the tomahawk. IIol)bs, with a voice equally 
sonorous, returned the defiance, and urged his antagonist to put his 
threat into execution. 

The action continued for four hours, Hobbs's party displaying 
throughout the most consummate skill and prudence, and neither side 
withdrawing an inch from its original position. The Indians not 
unfrequently approached the line of tlieir adversaries, but were as 
often driven back to their first position by the well-directed fire of the 
sharp-sighted marksmen. Finding Hobbs determined on resistance, 
and that his own men had suffered severely in the struggle, Sackett 
finally ordered a retreat, and left his opponent master of a well-fought 
field. 

Hobbs's men were so well protected tliat only tlii'ee, Ebenezer 
Mitchel, Eli Scott, and Samuel Gunn, were killed in the confiict. Of 
the remainder, Daniel McKinney, of Wrentham, had his thigh broken 
by a ball from the enemy, and was thereby disabled for life. Samuel 
Graves, jr., of Sunderland, a lad seventeen years of age, received a 
ball near the middle of the forehead, which went through part of his 
head, and came out on the left side, almost over his ear, bringing with 
it almost two spoonsful of his brains. He, however, recovered. 
Nathan Walker, of Sudbury, received a wound in the arm, and Ralph 
Rice was injured. 

Many of the enemy were seen to fall, l)ut tlieir actual loss was never 
certainly known, as they took effectual measures to conceal it. 

After the Indians had left, Ilobbs and his men remained concealed 
until dark, fearing another attack ; but, there being no signs of the 
enemy, they gathered theu* packs, took up the dead and wounded, and, 
after burying the former under some old logs about half a mile from 
the scene of action, and conducting the latter — two of whom they 
were obliged to carry— to a place about two miles distant, they 
encamped for the night. They arrived at Fort Dummer, in Brattle - 
borough, on the 27th, at four o'clock in the afternoon, and sent the 
wounded men to Northfield, where they could receive proper medical 
attention. 

The number of Sackett's force, though not certainly known, was 
estimated at four times that of the English, and it is probable that 
had he known his superiority, he would have adopted a different 



II 



XVL] FRENCH AND INDIAN WARS. 361 

method of warfare. The battle was regarded by the people in the 
vicinity as a master-piece of persevering bravery, and served, to a 
certain extent, to remove the unfavorable impression prodnced by the 
defeat of JNIelvin's scout a short time before. 'If I lobby's men had 
been Romans,' says one writer, ' they would have been crowned with 
laurel, and their names would have been transmitted with perpetual 
honors to succeeding generations.' " 

— Hall's Hint or 11 of Eastern Vennont, 18.58. 



I 



362 HISTORY OP AMHERST. [Chap. 



CHAPTEE XYII. 

THE WAR FOR INDEPENDENCE. 

1768-1776. 

SERVICES OF NEW ENGLAND TROOPS IN PRECEDING WARS. — 
TAXATION OF THE COLONIES, AND ITS EFFECTS. — GOV. WENT- 

WORTH. SEIZURE OP AMMUNITION AT FORT WILLIAM AND 

MARY. PROCEEDINGS OF THE TOWN PRIOR TO THE COMMENCE- 
MENT OF THE WAR. — COUNTY' CONGRESS AND ITS PROCEED- 
INGS. — COMPANIES OP MINUTE-MEN FORMED. — AMHERST 
COMPANY AT CAMBRIDGE. — EXPLOITS OP THOMPSON MAXWELL. 

CAPT. CROSBY'S CERTIFICATE. — -AMHERST MEN AT BUNKER 

HILL. — THEIR LOSSES IN THE BATTLE. — ACCOUNT OF WASH- 
INGTON'S TAKING COMMAND OP THE ARMY". — OFFICERS OF THE 
AMHERST AND WILTON COMPANY AT WINTER HILL. — AMHERST 
MEN IN bedel's REGIMENT SURRENDERED AT THE " CEDARS," 

AND THEIR SUFFERINGS. AMHERST MEN AT PORTSMOUTH, 

WHO AFTERWARD WENT TO TICONDEROGA IN COL. LONG'S 

REGIMENT. ASSOCIATION TEST PAPER. AMHERST MEN IN 

COL. WYMAN'S REGIMENT ; IN COL. BALDWIN'S REGIMENT, AT 

WHITE PLAINS ; IN COL. GILMAN'S REGIMENT. ESCAPE OP 

NEW Y'ORK TORIES FROM AMHERST JAIL. PROCEEDINGS OF 

THE TOWN IN REGARD TO THE ESTATE OF ZACCHEUS CUTLER, . 

ESQ. READING OP THE DECLARATION OP INDEPENDENCE.— 

REORGANIZATION OF THE ARMY. 

Tlie reverses sustained by the British forces in America 
in tlie early part of the French and Indian war were 
retrieved by their victories at a later date, under the lead 



XVIl.J TIIR WAR FOR INDEPENDENCE. 363 

of Amherst and Wolfe, which resulted in the capture of 
Quebec, in 1759, and the cession of the Canadas to the 
English a few years later. 

France and Great Britain were again at peace, and the 
tomahawk of the savage ceased from its blood}' work. 

The New England j)rovinces had contributed liberally in 
men and moans to the accomplishment of this result. No 
troo])s did better service in the contest than the rangers 
enlisted from their young men, who came out of the strife 
with confidence in themselves, ready at all times to do battle 
for the right, and thoroughly despising, as did their Puritan 
ancestors, the idea of cowardly submission to arbitrary 
power. 

The efforts of the home government to raise a revenue 
by taxing the colonists met with a determined resistance in 
the Province of ^lassachusetts. Troops were sent over to 
assist in enforcing the decrees of government, and a col- 
lision took place between a party of soldiers and some of 
the citizens of Boston, in which several of the latter were 
killed. An attempt to force the landing of tea belonging 
to the East India Company Avas foiled by its being thrown 
into l>oston harbor by a party of the people disguised as 
Indians on the night of 16 December, 1773. Finally, the 
port of Boston was declared closed l)y the home govern- 
ment. 

While the people of Boston were suffering from the 
measures adopted by the English government, assistance was 
afforded them from other towns in the Province, and 
many of the towns in New Ham})shire contributed liberally 
toward their relief. 

' John Wentworth, a native of Portsmouth, was at that 
time Governor. of New Ham]ishire. Loyal to his king, and 
loyal so far as he consistently con\d be to the Province, he 
strove to avert the threatened storm. Failing in (his. he 
retired from the Province, which he never aftt-rward 
visited. 



364 HISTORY OP AMHERST. [Chap. 

The first serious outbreak in New Hampshire was the 
seizure, on the niglit of the 14th of December, 1774, of 
the ammunition stored in Port William and Mary, in 
Portsmouth hai'bor. 

- Against this act of treason. Gov. Wentworth protested, 
and called upon the loyal people of the Province to assist in 
arresting its perpetrators ; but his call was in vain. Pick- 
ering, Sullivan, Langdon, and their associates, were unmo- 
lested ; and in all probability some of the powder taken at 
that time was used by the New Hampshire militia, six 
months later, to send their leaden greetings to the soldiers 
of the king on Bunker's hill. 

* The citizens of Amherst, which was originally a Massa- 
chusetts township, peopled for the most part by Massachu- 
setts men and women, entered at once heartily into the 
contest. 

In anticipation of the coming trouble, we find the town, 
15 April, 1768, voting in town meeting to appropriate X20 
lawful money "to procure powder and ammunition." 
From this vote we read that " Ens. Samuel Stewart dis- 
sented." A few years later, acting in the spirit of Crom- 
well's injunction to his "Ironsides" to keep their powder 
dry, we find them, 15 Sept., 1775, voting "to build a house 
on the easterly side of the burying-ground to secure the 
town stock of ammunition." The house was directed to be 
built of chestnut logs, hewed twelve inches thick, and 
lathed and plastered on the outside. Paul Dudley Sargent 
and Timothy Smith were appointed a committee to complete 
the same. 

This house is well remembered by many of the older 
natives of the town. It did duty about seventy years, and 
was finally taken down. 

A convention of eighty-five deputies from most of the 
towns in the province, met at Exeter 21 July, 1774, and 
chose Nathaniel Folsom, of Exeter, and John Sullivan, of 
Durham, delegates to attend a general congress of the 



XVII.] THE WAR FOR INDEPENDENCE. 365 

colonics in Philadcl])hia, in the montli of September follow- 
ing. 

Paul Dudlev Sargent represented the town of Amherst 
in this convention, and his expenses and a portion of the 
expenses of the convention were defrayed by a voluntary 
subscription of the citizens. 

24 October, 1774, Paul Dudley Sargent, Daniel Camp- 
bell, and Benjamin Kendrick, were appointed delegates of 
the town to a County Congress, and they were directed and 
instructed " to use their endeavors to secure and maintain 
good order in the town, and to use their utmost efforts tu 
ditfusc peace and good order in this county, and excite in 
the minds of people a due respect for all just measures that 
may be recommended by the present Grand Congress at 
Philadelphia, and said delegates are hereby instructed to 
take copies of this vote from the clerk and send to all the 
towns in the county that they sliiill tliink necessary, to con- 
stitute a county congress, that so the good ends aforesaid 
may be answered, grievances heard, and remonstrate to 
such authority wliose proviiu-e it is to grant redress." 
And they were to continue in oflicc until the next annual 
town meeting. 

At the annual meeting held lo March, 1775, the above 
named delegates were chosen for another year, and in- 
structed as when first chosen, 

A congress composed of delegates from most of the 
towns in the county assembled soon after. Capt. .Tohn 
Stark was a delegate from Derryfield. The following ac- 
count of the dealings of this congress with a loyalist may 
possess some interest: 

"rROCKEDlNGS IN rilK CASK OF IU:XJAMI\ wiirrixfi, 
OF noLLis. 

Whercan the delegates for the several towns in the county of Hills- 
borough in Congress chose a committee of nine persons to hear, exam- 
ine, and try, Benjamin Whiting, Esc]., as an open and avowed enemy 
to his country, tlie said AVhiting, being notified of the time and place 
of hearing, did not appear. 



366 HISTORY OP AMHERST. [Chap. 

Okdkred, that his contempt be recorded, and that upon examina- 
tion of sundry depositions and evidences, we find him guilty of the 
crimes laid to his charge, and we do cantion all persons from connex- 
ions with him. 

]\IATTIIEW PATTEX, Chairman. 
Amiieust, in X. II. government, July l-i, 1775." 

Two depositions against liini were as follows: 

"llohei't Fletcher testified that some tune in April, or the beginning 
of May, 1774, at Dunstable, in conversation with Benjamin Whiting, 
Esq., who said that a man in deponent's place that did not endeavour 
that the acts of Parliament should be put in execution, ought to be 
damiu^d. 

Thompson Maxwell testified and said that in the month of May last 
past, I was riding from Ilollis to Amherst, in Xew Hampshire govern- 
ment, in company with Benjamin Whiting, Esq., who asked me what 
I thought of Major Sullivan's taking away the guns and powder from 
Castle William and Mary ? I answered that I looked upon it as a 
piece of good conduct. Then said Whiting answered that said Sulli- 
van was a dam'd perjured villian for so doing, and a dam'd rebel, and 
deserved to be hanged, that this spring the king's standard would be 
set up in America, and proclamation made that those that would come 
in and enter their names would have a pardon, and those that would 
not would be deemed rebels and suffer death jointly, and that within 
three months said Sullivan and John Hancock would be hanged. The 
said Whiting also said he hoped I would come in and enter mj^ name. 
Sworn to before 

JOXAS DIX, Jus. Peace. 
Cambridge, July (3, 1775. " 

27 December, 1774, the town voted "to approve of the 
results of the Grand Congress, and strictly adhere to them," 
and chose a committee consisting of Col. John Shepard, 
Lieut, Bcnj. Kendrick, Xahuni Baldwin, John Shepard, jr., 
Esq., Dr. Moses Nichols, Daniel Campbell, Esq., Josiah 
Sawyer, Joseph Gould, Paul Dudley Sargent, Thomas Burns, 
and Samuel Wilkins, to carry into effect the association 
agreement in this town. If any break over said agreement, 
the committee [are] ordered to publish the same in the 
newspapers. 



XVII. ] THE WAR FOR INDEPENDENCE. 367 

Voted their sincere thanks to the members of tlie kite 
Continental Congress, and to tliose from this Province in 
])articnUir. 

13 March, 1775, voted three pounds nineteen shillings to 
]\rr. Sargent, for liis time and expenses at Exeter. 

19 Ajiril, 1775. The attack upon the Lexington militia 
by the Britisli troojis aroused the countiy. In many of 
the towns in ^Massachusetts and New Hampshire, companies 
of minute men luid been formed and drilled in anticipation 
of the coming conflict. The ccmpany in Amlierst repaired 
at once to Cambridge. At first it served under the orders of 
tlie Province of Massachusetts, but upon the organization 
of the New Hampshire militia, by the authorities of the 
Province, in ^fay, 1775,. it became a part of the tliird New 
Hampshire regiment, and was ])laced under the conunand 
of Col. James Reed, of Fitzwilliam. 

The town was represented by one of its citizens in the 
" tea party," in December, 1773, and in the Concord " fight" 
in 1775, whose story is as follows : 

Thompson IMaxwell was the son of an Irish immigrant who settled 
in Bedford, Mass. He saw some service in the French and Indian 
war, and, after its close, settled in the south-west part of Amherst, 
where he gained a livelihood by farming and teaming. He frequently 
went to Boston, carrying a load of country produce, and on his return 
brought goods for the merchants and others in town. 

One of these trips was made in the month of December, 177:}. 
After unloading his freight he went to John Hancock's warehouse to 
load for his return trip. While thus engaged, Hancock sent word to 
him to drive the team to liis stable, where it would be cared for, and 
afterward call at his counting-room. Complying with the request, 
lie was inforined that it was proposed to unload the tea-ships, which were 
then lying in the harbor that night, and that his assistance would be 
acceptable. He entered into the plan at once, assisted in the business, 
and the next day drove home " as any honest man would." 

He nuide anotlier trij» to Boston in the month of Aj)ril, 
1775. On his way home he stopped for the night at the 
house of Ids brotlicr-in-law, Capt. Jonathan Wilson, in 
Bedford, who was captain of tlie Bedford company of 



368 HISTOEY OF AMHERST. [Chap. 

minute men. In tlie course of the night word came that 
the British troops had started from Boston on an excursion 
into tlic country. The members of tlie company were 
summoned at once, and started for the scene of the ex- 
pected conflict. He received an invitation to accompany 
them, which lie accepted, and went " well armed." In the 
fight of that day Capt. Wilson was killed. After the fight 
was over Maxwell returned to Bedford and hired a man to 
drive his team to Amherst, while he repaired to Cambridge, 
where the Amherst company arrived shortly after, and he 
took his ]>lace in the ranks as its second lieutenant. 

The following will give us some idea of the enthusiasm 
of the people after receiving the news of the fight at 
Lexington and Concord. It is also an honorable tribute to 
Col. John ►'^hepard, one of the prominent citizens of the 
towai : 

" This certifies tliat Esij. Shepard in April, 1775, went with a 
Detachment of the ]\Ielitia, of about one hundred men, from Amherst 
to Cambridge, aided, assisted, and comforted them, and at Cambridge 
left with them two Spanish milled dollars. 

.TOSIAH CROSBY." 

Nor was this all Col. Shepard left with the " melitia." 
On the back of the certificate is a list of otb.er articles left, 
as follows: Pork, 57^ lbs., i bushel beans, 1^ bushel 
to Sargent, some bread, and H bushel meal. 

By the census taken that year, Amherst had 328 men 
above 1(3 years of age, 53 of whom were over 50 years old. 
Of these Capt. Crosby says "about 100," or over 30 per 
cent., went to Cambridge. The census returns report " 81 
men in the army." 

AMHERST MEN IN THE BATTLE OF BUNKER HILL. 

Stephen Peabody, Adjutant of Col. Reed's regiment. 

Amherst soldiers in Capt. Crosby's Company. 

T • , r- v. ^ John Mills, "1 

Josiah C rosby. capt. 

TA • 1 -ii'-ii • • 1 4. T 4. William Bradford, 

Daniel VVilkins, jr., 1st lieut. D "d R m a • r" sergeants. 

Thompson Maxwell, 2d lieut. . , o I 

Josiah Sawyer, J 



XVII.] 



THE WAi; ii)i; iNiii;ri;Ni)i;N(F 



;i(;9 



Leimicl Winclit'stcr, ] 
Eleazcr A\'. Kiiigsbiiiy, I 



I'etcr (ios.s, 
Kli Wilkins, 
Thomas I'owell, (huiniuur 
Jabez llolt, Hfcr. 
-losliua Ahbott, 
Xathaniel Barret, 
.Joseph Bowtal, 
Alexander Brown, 
.Jonathan Burnani, 
.Foshna Burnam, 
Thomas Clark, 
Ixdhert Cochran, 
.lohn Cole, 
Stephen Crosby, 
Xatlianiel Crosby, 
.lacob CurtioL', 
Benjamin Davis, 
Tliaddeiis Fitch, 

Amc).. Flint, 

Tliomas (liles. 



corpo 



•James (Jilniore, 
Stephen Hill, 
.Joel Howe, 
Archelaus Ivcnney, 
Solomon Iv i tt redL^e , 
.Jeremiah Lamson, 
Andrew I^eavitt, 
-Joseph I^eavitt, 
.Joshua Pettingill, 
Xourse Sawyer, 
.James Sim])son, 
.Jonathan Small, 
Samuel Sternes, 
.Jonathan Taylor, 
Kufus Trask, 
l-:ben Wakefield, 
.Joseph Wakefield, 
.Jnsi'ph Wallace, 
Sutiierick Weston, 
.Jonathan Wilkins, 
Samuel Williams. 
Isaac Wright. 



In Capt. Areliclau.s Tdwuo's company, then in Stark's 
rciiinient. 



Archelaus Towne, capl. 
William Bead, corporal. 
Nathan Ivendall, jr., titer. 
Benjamin Merrill, 
.Moses Barron, 
.Jacob Blo.lgett, 
.Stt'phen ( itiuld. 



Samuel I^amson, 
Adanr Patterson, 
J'eter Robertson, 
Bartholomew Towne, 
.\rchelaus Towne, jr., 
Beuben \Vheeler. 



In Caj)t. Levi S[)anUling's cuni|iany, Reed's leuinicnt. 



.Jo.seph Bradford, 1st lieut. 
lieujamin Dike, corporal. 
\\'illiani Brown, 
liieiiard (ioddiiian. 



William I'lick, 
IJiehard Ilugln'S, 
liobeit B. Wilkin 



Capt. '{'(june'.s company was at first a part of the twenty- 
seventh .Massachnsctts regiment, nnder the ennnnand of 
Cnl. r.ridue. At the time (.r the l)attle of IJnnkcr Hill it 



370 HISTORY OP AMHERST. [Chap. 

was one of the thirteen companies in the first New Hamp- 
shire, or Stark's, regiment. 

Peter Robertson, a private in this eompuny was wounded 
wliile crossing "the neck" on his way to Bunker Hill by n 
cannon )>all, Avhich carried away his right liand. He re- 
ceived a pension of 20 shillings per month from the .State, 
commencing 1 Januaiy, 1776. 

John Cole, a private in Capt. Crosby's company was 
killed in the battle, and Robert B. Wilkins, of Capt. Spaul- 
ding's company was wounded in the right elbow by a musket 
ball. 

After the battle Capt. Crosby made a return of the losses 
sustained by the members of his companv as follows : 

" An account ol' things that was li>st at the Battle oi' Bunker's hill, 
on the 17th of June, 1775, belonging to Capt. Crosby's company : 
viz., Capt. Crosby's things are 1 pistol & 1 pair of worsted stockings ; 
Lieut. Daniel Wilkins, 1 cotton shirt : Ens'n Thompson ^Maxwell, 1 fine 
shirt & 1 powder-horn; Adj't Stephen Peabody, 1 blanket & 1 shirt; C^uar- 
ter-Master Frye, 1 coat & 1 hat ; Serg't William Bradford, 1 shirt ; Serg't 
Jjemuel Winchester, 1 pair of shoes; Eli Wilkins, 1 blanket & 1 bullet 
mold; Alexander Brown, 1 cotton shirt, 1 jjair of stockings, & 1 
gnapsack ; Thaddeus Fitch, 1 shirt, 1 pair calfskin pumps, 1 paii- 
trowzers, & gnapsack ; Samuel Stearnes, 1 pair of shoes ; Stephen 
Crosby, 1 greatcoat & 1 shirt; Jona. Wilkins, 1 shirt; Thomas Giles, 
1 gun, 1 cartooch box, & 1 jacket ; Thomas Perry, 1 woolen shirt, 1 
powder-horn, ik 1 gnapsack ; .I(jseph Route!, 1 pair of stockings, 1 
pair of Leather Breeches : Nathaniel Barret. 1 gnapsack, 1 pair of 
shoes and buckles, & 1 handkerchief; Sam'l Williams, 1 shirt, & 1 
hankerchief, & 1 gun ; James Gilmore, 1 blanket, 1 handkerchief ; 
Joseph Wakefield, 1 p'r deerskin breeches, 1 cartooch box ; Eben'r 
Wakefield, 1 sett of shoemaker's tools. 1 shirt, 2 p'rs stockings, & 1 
p'r shoes ; Daniel Keiiney, 1 great coat & 1 gun; J(jseph Wallis, 1 pair 
shoes; Andrew l^eavitt, 1 co\'t.'rlid, 1 p'r stockings, 1 gnapsack, & 
handkerchief; Josiah lawyer, 1 gun, 1 coat, 1 powder-hoin, & 1 Bible ; 
Joshua Abbot, 1 gnapsack & p'r of stockings: Joshua Abbott, 1 gnap- 
sack & p'r stockings. 

JOSr.VH Cl'vOSBY. Cup/." 

Andrew Jjcavitt, Samuel Robertson. William Wakeheld 
and l']bL'n Wineol Wright, enlisted into tije company 19 



X\'II.] THK WAIJ l-on INDKrKNDKNCK. oil 

June, 177o. Of tlioso, Le;ivitt seems to li;i\t' 1 ii in tin* 

l>att!e two days before. 

^ Cvipt. Crosby's corapany was |»resriil ulini Wasliin^ton 
took fommaiid of the army, :i July, 1775, of wliicli Andrrw 
heavilt, one of the survivors, <;ave the followiiii: ikidiiiiI to 
the wi-iter many years since: 

'•Tilt; otticers |)lac<Ml tlicir iiirn in ;i> l; 1 >li;ij(c ii> tln-s ((mid. Intt 

tlicy were a motley looking set, no two dnisscd alike. Some were 
armed witli fowling jiieees, some with ritles, others with muskets with- 
out hayoiifts. When all was in readiness, Washington and his statV 
advanced to the s([nar(' prepared tor their reception. lie \\a> a large, 
noble looking man. in the jirime of life, and wa.s mounted on a power- 
ful V)lack hors(! over which he seemed to have perfect control. 

.\fter a short address to the soldiers, he took from Jiis pocket a 
i'salm hook, from which he read the one hundred and first I'salm 
(another account says it was then sung l>v the soldier- to the tune i.i' 
Old Hundred)." 

From a i-etiirii maih- of (';i|it. Crosby's eompaiiv . 'Jl .lime, 
177"), we K*ani that on that day there were present and lit 
for ilnty, 1 eaptain, 1 lieiit., 1 ensiun, :\ seigcants. 4 i-or- 
jiorals, 1 (liiimmer, and •")i> privates. Total — 41. 

'2 privates were sick ; 1 was wounded; 1 attended the 
woiinde(l: ."J were absent on fiudouirh ; 'J had (h'seited : 1 
was on command ; >? were in the train; 4 were aliseiii witii- 
otit lea\(', and 1 was missin;^'. Total — IN. 

Phe company was styleil the ninth company. The 
privates were paid forty shillin<rs |)er month for tlndr ser- 
vices, and the term of tlieir enlist meiit was eiLrht numths; 
many however continued in tlie army until the llritish 
evacuate(l lioston in Mareh. 177*I — some even louLirr. 

(^hiartermasti'r Isaac Frye, id' Wilton, reported the rations 
dealt out to the company for several days as follows: 

1775.Julv -■> to 8; .")(> men presi'ut who received ^l loaves 
bread: ti.") lbs. pork: IJtJ lbs. beef: 17b irills rice; 44 irul- 
lons bei'i". 

July 14 to IS; .34 men pri'sent received o4 loaves iircad ; 
")4 lbs. pork; 155 lbs. beef; 189 siills rice. 



372 HISTORY OF AMHERST. [Chap. 

July 28 to August 1 ; 54 men present received 54 loaves 
bread; 67i lbs. pork; 67-i lbs. beef; 189 gills rice; 67i lbs, 
cod-fish, and 20 lbs. butter. 

It appears from official documents that the State fur- 
nished 554 gallons of New England rum, and 17592 gallons 
of West India rum for the use of its soldiers while engaged 
around Boston in 1775. 

In compliance with the earnest entreaties of Gen. Sullivan, 
thirty-one companies, numbering si.^tv-one men each, were 
sent from New Hampshire to Winter Hill, near Boston, in 
December, 1775, to take the place of the Connecticut 
troops stationed there, who insisted on returning home as 
the term of their enlistment had expired. The names of 
the commissioned officers of these companies alone have 
been preserved. Benjamin Taylor, of Amherst, was cap- 
tain; Nathan Ballard, of W^ilton, first lieutenant; and 
John Bradford of Amherst, ensign of the company raised 
in Amherst and Wilton, 

Capt. Taylor died at Medford, in February, 1776, before 
the expiration of the time for which he enlisted. 

The following receipt, found among the papers in the 
Adjutant General's ofiice, in Concord, is one of the few 
relics of the campaign of the New Hampshire boys at 
Winter Hill, in the winter of 1775-6 : 

"CoLOXY OF New HAMrsmuE, Jiine 21, 1770. 
To Nicholas Gihnan, Esq., II. G. : 

Pursuant to a vote of the Council and Assembly, pay Deacon Xahuni 
Baldwin seven hundred and eighty pounds to pay off Capt. Augustus 
Blanchard's Conip'y, according to his instructions from the General 
Assembly to be accounted for by him. 

M. WEARE, President." 
" Received the contents of the within order in full. 

p'r NAHUM BALDWIN." 

Capt. Blanchard, then of Merrimack, afterward re- 
moved to Amherst, and was for many years a prominent 
citizen of the south-west parish, now Milford. 



XVII.] Till-; WAi; I'oi: indki'kndentr. 87:', 

Joiiiithau Ihiniluun was ])ai(l C\'2 4s. lod., lor iiiustciini:: 
in tlic tliirty-i>iic L'oni|»ani('S of X. If. luilitia that scrvcil on 
Winter Hill in tin- winter <»t" 17T">-ii. 

A regiment was raised in December, 1775, and j)laeed 
under the command of Col. Tinjothy Bedel, which was or- 
dered to join the northern army in Xcw York, with whieli 
it was to march to reinforce the army in <';inada. in (tne 
of the com|)anies in this I'cuiment we liiid the following 
Amherst men: 

Daniel \\'ilkiiis, jr., capt. Stt'phfii Curtice, 

John Mills, "Jil lieut. Roger Dutton, 

AVilliani Hradionl, ensign. John Farnhani, 

I5enjaniin I )ike, .sergeant. I.aral'ord Gilbert, 

Sutherick Weston,] Obadiah Holt, 

Joshua Alibott, |-corporals. Solomon Kittredge, 

Samuel Sternes, J Jeremiah Lamson, 

Thomas Powell, drummer. Josej)]! Lovejoy, 

JalMv. Holt, tiler. Hugh MeKean, 

William Hiown, 'J'homa,s Meleiuly. 

.\mos Houtwell, Aaron Nichols, 

I'limus Chandler, [colored]. Isaac Stearns. 

Jani^s Clark, Daniel Wilkins, JJd, 

James Cochran, Sylvester Wilkins, 

Robert Cochran, Andrew Wilkins. 

Isaac Palmer Curtic<-, John \\'iley. 

•^riiis regiment was .surrendered to the Uritish and Indians by its 
commanding ofticer. Major Hutterfield, at a place called "The Cedars,'*~ 
in May, 1770. .Alany of the men were inhumanly treated by their 
captors. Their clothing was stripped from lln-ir persotis, and in this 
condition they were made to run between two tiles of Inclians who 
beat them as they passed. Years afterward many of theni were paid 
by the legislature for clothing lost at that time. 

After their exchange they went to Crown Point, where Capt. Wil- 
kins and several of his company died of small-pox, in .Inly. 177t!. 
The commander of the army, (Jen. Thomas, died about the same 
time, and the mortality among the soldiers was <;o gi-eat that pits were 
tlug into which their remains were thrown without any coHins. When 
the i)its were nearly tilled, a slight covering of earth was thrown over 
the bodies. 



374 HISTORY OF AMHERST. [Chap. 

The following Amherst men mustered by Col. Nahum 
Baldwin, 15 April, 1776, were a part of a company com- 
manded by Capt. Timothy Clement, which Avas sent to 
Portsmouth to assist in guarding the sea coast and the forts 
in the harbor: 

William Stewart, ensign. .Jonathan Lyon, 

Nathan Abbot, Ebenezer Odall, 

Silas Cooledge, Robert Parker, 

Jonathan Dntton, Samuel Shepard, 

David Fisk, John Stearns, 

Kichard (Toodman, Asa Swinnerton, 

Joshna Kendall, Archelaus Towne, jr., 

Zephaniah Kittredge, Ilenrj- Trivet. 
Edmund I^yon, 

This company with others was organized into a regiment 
25 September, 1776, which Avas placed under the command 
of Col. Pierce Long. On the 23 November following, it 
was ordered to Ticonderoga, to which place it marched in 
Fel)ruary, 1777. 

ASSOCIATION TEST PAPER. 

In the month of April, 1776, the following paper was re- 
ceived by the selectmen, from the Committee of Safety of 
the State: 

"To the Select men of Amlterst: 

In Committee of Safety, April 12, 177fi. 

In order to carry the underwritten Resolves of the Ilon'ble Conti- 
nental Congress into execution, You are requested to desire all males 
above Twenty-One years of age (Lunaticks, Idiots, and Negroes, 
excepted) to sign the declaration on this paper, and when so done, to 
make return hereof, together with the name or names of all who shall 
refuse to sign the same, to the General Assembly or Committee of 
Safety of this Colony. 

M. WE A RE, CJi airman." 

In Congress, March 14, 1776. 

" Resolved that it be recommended to the several assemblies. 
Conventions, and Councils, or Committees of Safety, of the United 
States, immediately to cause all persons to l)e disai'med within their 
Respective Colonies, who are notoriously disalfected to the cause of 



XVTl.] 



THK WAH von FNOErENDENCK. 



:\ir, 



America, ur \\lu( liave not as.sociattMl, and refuse to as.-ociate, to «lefiMMl 
by arms tlie I'nited Colonies afjainst the hostile att<'mptK of tin- 
Flrilisli tlfct> ;iii"l .\rniii->. 

CIIAin.KS IJlOMI'sON, S,rrrt„n/." 

— Extrart f'roiii l/ir Minutes. 

fu consequence <>[ the above resolution of the Hon. Continental 
C()n,t,ness. and to show our deterinination in joininj;^our American 
brethren in <lefending the l.ives, liiberties ami Properties of the In- 
habitants of the United Colonies, — We the suliscribers do hereby 
engage and promise that we will to the utmost of our power, at the 
risque of oin' I.ives and Fortunes, with arms, oppose the Hostile pro- 
ceedings of the British fleets and armies against the I'nited Colonies : 



[For (•oinciiieiice of reference the names nvc 
al|ilial)i>tical order, and tlio names of those who 
th(! army are printed in capitals.] 



})lace(l m 
>ei\<'(l in 



Darius AV)bott, 
Kphraim Abbott, 
Kbenezer Averil, 
.Fohn Averil, 
Thomas Averil, jr., 
XAHl'.M BALDWIN, 
Kphraim Barker. 
XA'niANIKL BAKHKl'l, 
MOSES BARRON, 
Samuel Blasdell, 

JACOB blod(;ett, 

Josej'h Biiutell, 
JOSKIMI BOITKLL. l'k. 
Kendal Boutell, 
HEIBKN liOUTELI.. 
Andrew Bradford, 

F.xos bi;adk()BD. 

.loilX liKADFoKD, 
William Bradford, 
(ieorge Burn>, 
.lolin Burns, 
.lOHN BURNS, .tu., 
.Iiihu Burns, 'M. 
Thomas Burns, 
Stephen Burnam, 
( )liver Carleton, 



Thomas Carrell, 
THOMAS CLARK, 
Nathan Cleaves, 
John Cochran, 
.Joseph Coggin, 
HKXHY COD.MAX. 
William Codnum, 
.[ollX COLE, 
X ATI! AX COLE. 
.FO.SIAIl CROSBY, 
Samson Crosby, 
SILAS CUMMIX(JS, 
•Jacob Curtice, 
JACOB CURTICE, ii:.. 
Benjamin Day, 
•John Damon, 
Bartholomew Dodge, 
Benjauiin Dodge, 
.losiah Dodge, 
David Duncklee, 
John Duncklee, 
.Joseph Duncklee, 
FraiK'is Elliott, 
JOSEl'II FABXUM. 
S'PEIMIEX FAHXU.M. 
Elisha Felton, 



376 



HISTORY OP AMHERST. 



[Chap. 



William Fisk, 

William Fisk, jr., 

Amos Flint, 

AMOS FLINT, .in., 

Nathan Flint, 

EPHRAIM FRENCH, 

Nathan Fuller, 

James Gage, 

JAMES GTLMORE, 

ALLEN GOODRIDGE, 

Amos Green, 

David Green, 

John (5 rimes, 

Jonathan Grimes, 

fJoseph Gould, 

Rinhard Gould, 

Samuel Hall, 

SAMUEL HARRIS, 

Benjamin Hartshorn, 

James Hartshorn, 

JOHN HARTSHORN, 

John Harwood, 

N ATH A N lEL II A S E LT I N E, 

Sanmel Hemy, 

Timothy Hill, 

Ephraim Ilildreth, 

DAVID HILDRETH, 

Jacob Hildreth, 

WILLIAM HO(iG, 

Eben Holt, jr., 

Lsaac Holt, 

Reuben Holt, 

Isaac How, 

JOEL HOWE, 

Benjamin Hoi^kins, 

Benjamin Hopkins, jr., 

Ebenezer Hopkins, 

RICHARD HUGHES, 

Abner Hutchinson, 

Eben Hutchinson, 

Elislia Hutchinson, 

Nathan Hutchinson, 

NATHAN HUTCHINSON, lM, 



Nathan Jones, 
Nathan Jones, jr., 
]\IICIIAEL KIEFF, 
John Kendall, jr., 
Nathan Kendall, 
Benjamin K'enrick, 
Josiah Kidder, 
HENRY Ki:\IBALL, 
Moses Kimball, 

solo:mon kittredge, 
jonathan lampson, 

William Lampson, 
Joseph Langdell, 
FRANCIS LOVEJOY, 
HEZEKIAH LOVEJOY, 
Jacob Love joy, 
John Lovejoy, 

willia:\i LOW, 

Jonathan Lund, 
JONATHAN LYON, 
Thomas ^IcAllister, 
JAMES McKEAN, 
Robert Means, 
William Melendy, jr., 
BENJA:\[IN MERRILL, 
JOHN MITCHELL, 
DIMOND MUZZEY. 
MOSES NICHOLS, 
Timothy Nichols, 
William Odell, 
William Odell, jr., 
ROBERT PARKER, 
ADAM PATTERSON, 
JOHN PATTERSON, 
STEPHEN PEABODY, 
William Peabody, 
William Peabody, jr., 
AVilliam Peacock, 
Joseph Pierce, 
Joseph Prince, 
Joseph Prince, jr., 
EBENEZER REA, 
Robert Read. 



XVll.] 



THK WAR von INDKI'KNDHNCi:. 



377 



» 



WILLIAM KKAI), 
PETKU HOHEKTSOX, 

.I(.lui Hol.y. 

,i()si:rn itoLiJXGS, 

Joiiatluiii Sawyer, 
.lOSIAll SAWYER, 
JOSIAIl SAWYER, .lu.. 
.lohn Secombe, 
James Seeton, 
.lohn Seeton, 
John Shepard, jr., 
Joseph Small, 
William Small, 
WILLIAM SMALL, ik., 
Daniel Smith, 
Isaac Smith, 
Jacob Smith, 
Jonathan Smith, 
Timothy Smith. 
JACOB STAN DLEY. 
SA.MIKL STANLEY, 
.loseph Steel, 
Joseph Steel, jr. 
Daniel Stephen.s, 
SAMl'EL STEKXES. 
SlMl'SOX STEWART. 
Amos Stickney. , 
.Samuel Stratton, 
Jonathan Taylor, 
Samuel Taylor, 
\\ illiam Taylor, 
liciijamiii Temple, 



EbtMiezer Temple, 
AUCIIEL AIS roWXE. 
Israel Tosvne, 
Israel Towne, jr., 
Tlioma.s Towne, 
THOMAS TOWXE, lM, 
David Truel, 
John Tuck, 
John Twiss, 
Jonathan Twiss, 
I'hinehas Upham, 
Ezekiel I'pton, 
Thomas Wakefield, jr., 
JOSEPH WALLACE, 
^^'illiam Wallace, 
Richard Ward, 
John Washer, 
STEPIIEX WASIIEK. 
Ebenezer Weston. 
Isaac Weston, 
Thomas Weston. 
AHIJAII WILKIXS, 
John W ilk ins, 

JOXATIIAX WILKIXS. ru 
Joshua Wilkins, 
William Wilkins, 
LEMIEL WINCHESTER. 
James Woodl'ury, 
Peter Woodliury. 
ISAAC WRKJIIT. 
Joshua ^Vri"lit. 



7V> t/ie Hoii'lile, The Cmiimitlee oj' Sa fill/ fur //if Stiit>' of' ytir llnntftshire, 
or tlif Grni ml Assemhli/ thereof': 

Pursuant to the Re(|uest on this paj'er from the Committee of 
Safety to us directed, we have invited those Persons therein named 
to sign the Declaration on this i)aper, and all that have .seen it Iiave 
signed it except Joxliua Alfierton, /-.'st/., .\fr. Ihinifl dintf/i' 11, Mr. 
S,ii,ni,'l Itoilg,', and I'nl. Jnhn Slirpnn/. 



IIIOMAS W AKI'.IILI.I). i 
RE Li? EX MISSED. ^\<V 

SAMl'EL WILKIXS. ) 



ttii'ti. 



378 HISTORY OF AMHERST. [Chap. 

A regiment was raised in July, 1776, to reinforce the 
army in Canada. It was commanded by Col. Isaac Wyman, 
Avas mustered in K) July, 1776, and served about three and 
a half months. 

In a company in this regiment, commanded by Capt. 
William Barron, of Merrimack, we find the following sol- 
diers from Amherst : 

JAMES GILMOKE, ensign. Jonathan Lanison, 

>*athaniel Hazeltine, ) Ebenezer Rea, 

Ephraim French, > 'sergeants, -^yjujj^j^ i^^^^^^^ j^.^ 

Aaron Boutell, William Stewart, and 

Benjamin Clark, George Wilson, pi-ivates. 

In Capt. William Harper's company, were 

Silas Cooledge, Robert Parker, and 

Zephaniah Kittredge, Joseph Perkins, privates. 

In Capt. Samuel Wetherbee's company, were 

John Averill, and Timothy Nichols, jr., privates. 

Stephen Peabody, of Amherst, Avas major of the regiment. 

COL. Baldwin's regiment. 

This regiment was raised in September, 1776, and 
marched to assist the army in New York. It was in the 
battle at White Plains, 28 Oct., 1776, and was dismissed at 
North Castle, N. Y., about the first of December of that 
year. Amherst was represented in this regiment by 

Col. Nahum Baldwin, and the following men who 
served in the company commanded by Capt. Philip Putnam, 
of Wilton: 

William Low, ensign. Stephen Farnnm, 

Elijah Averill, John Grimes, 

Reuben Boutell, John Hartshorn, 

Ebenezer Carlton, Joel Howe, 

John Cochran, Francis Lovejoy, 

Jonathan Cochran, Isaac Peabody, 



XVII. J TlIK w \i; lOi; 1M»KIM;NI>KNCK. M^ 

WnA IViia-o, Ivii-lianl TdWiiP. 

James Ilea, Thomas Townt', 

Hf'iijaiiiiii Smilli. Aaron rjitun, 

Danit'l Smitli, .Jiisc|ili Wallacf. and 

lii-iijaiiiiii Taylor, .Fonatliaii \\'ilkiii-, )iiivalt's. 

In (';ipt. Kcad's (•(mi|i;iiiy . were 

^\'iHiam liead, captain. Andn-w Klliot, private-. 

\\ luMi a reipiisitiou was matle npoii the town of Salisbury for men 
rii till its quota in tliis rHt^'imcnt, it is reported that t'apt. Khene/.er 
\Vi'l)ster said. "'I'lii> town lia> tiili-d all its ijuotas, and no om- can ho 
lonipt'llt'd to go; Imt as the case is urgent, I will volunteer to go." 
Others, most if not all of whom had been otticers, and had seen 
service in former wars, also volunteered, and joined the company 
under the coninuind of Capt. Henjaniin Kmery, of Concord, as private.s. 
and marched to the seat of war. In tiie battles and skirmishes in 
which tlie regiment was engaged, ('apt. Webster's experience in 
iiiilitary matters was said to have been of great value to its officers. 

After the return of the regiiii'Mit. the surgeon. Dr. liarnes, testified 
liefore a committee of the legislature tliat '-many of the men were 
sick while in the .service, ami he expxicted they would die for want of 
Mierlicine, nothing of the kind having l>een jmivided at the piddic ex- 
[lense. Whereupon the pity and humanity of the Lieut. Colonel 
[(iordon Ilutchins] l>eing raised, he procured medicines at his own 
expen.se to the amount of 'i-l 8s. 7d." .\fter hearing the surgeon's 
statement, the legislature voted to pay Col. Ilutchins V) 6s. Od. for 
his outlay. \i tiie same session Col. Haldwin was alloweil !i'^0 iSs. 
1()<1. for boarding and nursing sixty persons belonging to his regi- 
ment. 

Another rejrinient was luisoil in Drccmher. 1TT»), to i-e- 
inforco the army in nortlii-i-n New Voik. 'Phis was placed 
under the eonimand oi" ('<»!. I>avid (lilnian. In llii> resri- 
incnt, the followiiii:- Amherst men served in tlie cnmiiany 
cttnunandeil liv ("apt. William Walker.nl hnnslalde: 

.lonathan CiK'hran. .Vbiel Ilolt. 

Isaac 1*. Curtice. Kbene/er ( Mell, 

.lacoli Curtice, .Fohn Taylor. 

Koger Dutton. >{obert H. Wilkins. 
Stephen (hhiIiI. 



380 HISTORY OF AMHERST. [Chap. 

A special town meeting held 22 May, 1775, was the last one called 
in " His Majesty's" name in Amherst. The constables were simply 
directed by the selectmen to warn the Inhabitants of the town of 
Amherst to the next meeting, held 14 August, 1775. A meet- 
ing, held 24 October, 1775, was called in the name of the " Province " 
of New Hampshire. After this, until the declaration of Independ- 
ence, the town meetings were called in the name of the " Colony of 
New Hampshire." Since 11 September, 1776, the meetings of the 
town have been called in the name of the " State of New Hampshire." 

14 August,' 1775. The Selectmen having purchased a quantity of 
salt for which they had given their security, the town Voted that they 
should have three months from the fourth of July last past, to sell it 
to the inhabitants of the town. If it was not all sold at that time, 
they were authorized to assess the inhabitants of the town for what 
remained on hand. 

Parties of loyalists, or tories, were sent by the authorities of the 
vState of New York to be confined in the jails in New"IIampshire. Of 
these, the following were ordered to be sent to Amherst jail, 22 Nov., 
1776 : 

Alexander Andrews, John Hitchcock, 

Peter Brown [to be kept in irons], Laughlin McGafBii, 

Thomas Bullis, Isaac Man, 

William Burns, Abraham Nath [to be in irons], 

Nathaniel Douglas, Thomas Pearson, 

Johathan Farmachiff, .Johannes Vanzelin, and 

John Feathers, James Waddie. 

Not liking their accommodations the prisoners soon broke jail and 
escaped. Hitchcock, who seems to have been a man of some 
talent, left behind the following verses, the latter part of which were 
said to be aimed at one of the town committee of safety, who had 
i-endered himself obnoxious to the prisoners by his excessive zeal in 
the discharge of the duties of his office. Tradition has it that many 
of the whigs enjoyed them greatly : 

Come all ye people, hear the rout, 
The jail is broke, the pris'ners 're out 

Resolving to be free ; 
So mount your horses, load your guns. 
And see you catch them every one. 

And brine' them back to me. 



XVII. J THK WAU FOR INDEPENDENCE. 381 

I heard a man Iroiii Wilton say, 
That just about the break of day, 

As he to market came, 
To sell his butter and his cheese, 
lie spied some tories he believed, 

Straight-way a marching home. 

Pull ofl' for blood and raise the town, 
Be carefid to waylay the ground 

liefore they you pass by; 
AValch every hollow, plain and ridge 
And set a guard at every bridge, 

And catch them nappingly. 

For all the people know it round. 
That I 'm Committkic for our town, 

And if these men be lo^t, 
I'll venture fifty pounds to one. 
That if the Congress hear they 're gone. 

That I shall lose my Post. 

Other parties of New Yoi'k loyalists were sent to Amherst 
jail. They were supplied with such elothiiiu' as they stood 
in need of at the expense of the State. The expenses of 
their eonliiienieiit were afterward rejiaid l)y the State cf 
New York. 

The followinu' action in rejrard to the estate of Zaceheus 
Cutler, Ks(|., was taken by the town at a meeting held 30 

April, 177<) : 

"Whereas Zaceheus Cutler, formerly of Amherst, in the County of 
Hillsl)orough and Colony of New Hampshire, has in a very daring 
manner proved himself inimical to his Country, and absconded from 
Andierst aforesaid, and joined our unnatural enemies at Boston, at 
I he same time leaving behind him lands, buildings, &c., to a considera- 
l>le value. And for prevention of his estate coming to strip and 
waste, we, the iidial>itants of Andierst, pass the following votes: vi/.. 

Voted to improve the estate of Zaceheus Cutler, iCs(|. 

\'oti(l tiii'ir ((iMunittee of Safety l>e a committee to improve said 
estate. 

Voted the niannrr of improviiiL; >:iid estate he left discn-tioiiary 
with said committee. 



382 HISTORY OF amhp:rst. [Chap. 

A^oted said Coiiunittee pay the profits arising on said improvenieut 
to him or them whose I'ight it may be to make a demand therefor." 

Against this action of the town, Col. John Shepard, 
Capt. Israel Towne, Ensign William Peabody, and Mr. 
Thomas, Towne, entered their protest, for reasons "that 
would be given at a proper time if called for."' 

Tlie British army evacuated Boston in March, 1776, and 
the seat of war was transferred to the Middle States and 
the northern frontiei-. 

18 July, 177H, the declaration of Independence was re- 
ceived and proclaimed by Moses Kclley, Esq., Sheriff of 
the County, with beat of drum from the horse block, which 
then stood on the common in front of the meeting-house. 
On the same day it was read to the people of Exeter, by 
John Taylor Gilman. 

In many of the towns in Massachusetts it was read from 
the pulpits in the churches the first Sunday after its re- 
ception, and entered upon the town records. 

At the close of this year the prospects of the patriots were gloomy 
in the extreme. They had suffered losses, but had achieved no substan- 
tial victories. Their means were nearly exhausted, and the soldiers, 
enlisted for short terms, were constantly returning to their homes. 
To remedy this latter evil, Congress determined to establish a perma- 
nent military organization, in which the men should be enlisted for 
three years, or during the war, the otfioers to be appointed and pro- 
moted by the General Congress. I'nder this arrangement the quota 
required of New Hampshire was divided into three regiments, com- 
manded by John Stark, James Reed, and Enoch Poor. Poor being 
soon after appointed Brigadier-General, Stark quitted the service. 
Reed becoming blind also retired, and the regiments were placed 
under the command of Joseph C'illey, Xathan Hale, and Alexander 
ScammelJ. 

This action of Congress placed the army upon a sub- 
stantial basis. 



win. J THE W.Vi: FOR INliKFEiNDENCE. 383 



chapti:h x\ hi. 

Tin: WAR FOR L\ DEPENDENCE. 

1777-78-79. 

PROCEEDINGS OF THE TOWN IN REGARD TO ITS SOLDIERS. A 

COMMITTEE CHOSEN TO AFFIX AND SETTLE I'RICES OF ARTICLES 
OF MERCHANDISE. — A.MilERST SOLDIERS IN THE CONTINENTAL 
ARMY, WITH THE COMl'ANIES AND REGIMENTS IN WHICH THEV 
SERVED, AND THE PERIODS OF THEIR ENLISTMENTS. — VOLUN- 
TEERS FOR THE DEFENCE OP TICONDERO« J A. — A MHEKST SOLDIERS 

AT HENN1N(;T0N and SARAT0(;A. articles of CONFEDERATION 

ADOPTED. BANISHMENT OF LOYALISTS AND CONFISCATION OF 

THEIR PROPERTY. — ADVERTISEMENT OF THE SALE OF 

ZACCQEUS CITLER'S PROPERTY. AMHERST MEN AT RHODE 

ISLAND, 1778, WILLIAM HASTINGS. — COMMITTEE CHOSEN TO 

PROVIDE FOR soldiers' FAMILIES. I'ROCEEDINfJS OF THE 

TOWN RELATIVE TO RAISING SOLDIERS. DELEGATES CHOSEN 

TO A STATE CONVENTION TO REGCLATE THE PRICES OF PRODUCE, 

ETC. PETITIONS OF MRS. MUNROE AND CAPT. ARCHELAUS 

TOWNE, TO THE GENERAL COURT. NAMES OF ONE YEAR's 

MEN 1 ( RNISHED FOR THE CONTINENTAL ARMY IN 177'.*. 

SOLDI KI.'S AT RHODE ISLAND AND PORTSMOUTH, 177!'. 

31 Mar(.-li. 1777. The town voted to leiiiit tlic poll-tax of 
those iK'isoiis who .served as soldiers in the Contiiieiital army 
the whole ol' hist year. 

yiO June, 1777. Voted, in ease there sjiould be an imme- 
diate eall for men to serve in the Continental army, to allow 
those who are disposed to enlist the same eneonragcment 
they have heretofore paiti, and to assess the amonnt neces- 
sary for this pnrpose ujion the polls and estates of the inhab- 
itants of the town. 



384 



HISTORY OF AMHERST. 



[Chap. 



Capt. Stephen Peabody, Capt. Hezekiah Lovejoy, and Mr. 
Solomon Kittredge were appointed a committee to procure 
soldiers on the terms mentioned above. 

Col. Nahum Baldwin, Mr. Stephen Burnam, Mr. William 
Walhice, Mr. Andrew Bradford, and Mr. Timothy Smith, 
were chosen a committee to affix and settle prices upon 
sundry articles. 

In a return made by Col. IMoses Nichols, 19 March, 1779, 
we have the names of the men employed by the town to fill 
its quota in the Continental army in the years 1777, '78 and 
'79, the period of their enlistment, and tlie regiments and 
companies in which they served, as follows: 



Stephen Abbot, 
Elijah Ave rill, 
Joshua Blodgett, 
Peter Brewer, 
William Brown, 
James Cochran, 
Jonathan Cochran, 
Robert Cochran, 
Silas Cooledge, 
Robert' Cunningham, jr., 
Robert Cunningham, 
Ezekiel Davis, 
'Joseph Davis, 
Benjamin Dike, 
John Dow, 
John Dutton, 
Richard Goodnuxn, 
Jude Hall, 
Henry Harris, 
Richard Hughes, 
Daniel Kidder, 
Robert Parker, 
Thomas Powell, 
William Shaddock, 
Isaac Smith, 
Isaac Stearns, 
,Tohn Taggart, 
Xathan Tuttle, 



Cillev's Reg't, Wait's Co., for 3 years. 



Richards's.Co., 
Morrill's Co., 
Wait's Co., 
Scott's Co., 

Wait's Co., 



for the war. 
for 3 vears. 



for the war. 
for ;3 years. 



Richards's Co., 
Wait's Co., 



" " Richards's Co., 

" " Wait's Co., 

Scammel's Reg't, Frye's Co., 
Cilley's Reg't, Richards's Co., 

Wait's Co., 
Scammel's Reg't, Frye's Co., 
Cilley's Reg't, Morrill's Co., 

Wait's Co.. 
Scammal's Reg't, Frye's Co., 
Cilley's Reg't, Morrill's Co., 
" " Wait's Co., 



/ 



XVIII.] THK 


WAI! FOR INDEPENDRNrE. 


;i8r> 


Hfiilx'u A\'liL'eler, 


Cilley's Heg't, Wait's Co., 


loj- ;i yars 


Asa Wilkiiis, 


Scaiiiniel's Keg't, Frye's Co., 


" 


Robert B. Wilkins, 


11 11 ^^ i( 


i< i< 


Sylvester Wilkins, 


Cilley's Reg't, Wait's Co., 


" 


Geori^p Wilson, 


" " " " 


" " 



John Uano was hired by Ainlierst, hut altLTUuid (h'»i(h'(l 
to Ix'long to Andover. 

Peter JJrcwer wa.s a cohirrMl mun. from \e\v Ho.ston. 

Jude Hall, another colored man, was from Koisintrtoii. 

Joshna Blodge'tt was from Litchfield. 

Silas Cooledge and John Taggart, from IIillsl)uruugh. 

The Ciiimin'j'h:iin'<. fi-om ncrryliclil. 

William Shadilock, from IJosraweii. 

On the advance of (Jen. Burgoyne'.s army toward Ticon- 
deroga, in the summer of 1777, thousands of volunteers 
marched from various places in Xew England, to assist in' 
the defence of that stronghold. 

Two companies, under the command of Maj. Abial Abbot, 
of Wilton, marched -HO June, 1777. for the threatened 
fortress. On reaching Ciiarlestown ( Xo. 4 ), they were 
ordered home, but when they had reachc<l l>id)lin, on their 
return, they received orders "to march with all speed to 
Ticonderoga." When they readied Otter Creek, they heard 
of its pvacuiitioii. 



AMiii:i;>r mf.x in iiiksk ( o.mi- axiks. 

In ( 'apt. reiiliody's eoiiijciiiy : 



Capt. S(e}>hiMi r.-alxidy, 
Lieut. John Hradfonl, 
I',nsii;n John Patterson, 
Corporal Amos Klliot, 
Natl)an Cole, 
Josiah Crosby; 
Stephen Crosby, 
William Crosby, 
Isaac r. Curtice, 
.Facol> Curtice, 
25 



IJo-er Dutton. 
Khenezer Hutchinson 
Jonathan Lamson. 
John Lovejoy, 
Williani Low, 
Jonathan Lyon, 
lienjamin Merrill, 
Timothy Nichols, jr., 
Adam Patterson, 
Thomas Peabodv, 



386 



HISTORY OF AMHERST. 



[Chap. 



Abel Prince, 
Josiah Sawyer, 
John Stewart, 
Simpson Stewart, 



Benjamin Taylor. 
John Wallace, 
Stephen Washer, 
Jonathan AVillianis 



In Capt. Nathan BaUard's company: 

Moses Peabody, 
Benjamin Sawyer, 
Daniel Smith, 
Samuel Stewart, 
William Stewart, 
William Talbert, 
Henry Trivett, 
Thomas Underwood, 
Solomon Washer. 



1st Lieut. Joseph Farnuni, 
LM Lieut. Eli Wilkins, 
Sergeant Nathan Hutchinson 
Moses Averill, 
Samuel Curtice, 
Allen Goodridge, 
Asa Lewis, 
Aaron Nichols, 
Kbenezer Odell, 



After the fall of Ticonderoga, an earnest appeal was made 
by the people of V^ermont to the authorities of New Hamp- 
shire for aid to resist the progress of the British forces 
through their state. 

. The legislature met <it Ex(;ter, and in three days organized an ex- 
pedition to march to their assistance against the common enemy. 

Col. John Stark was put at its head, and it resulted in the victory 
at Bennington, the turning point of the war for Independence. 

After organizing this expedition, tlie legislature appoirited the 
seventh day of August following to be observed as a day of fasting, 
humiliation, and jjrayer, throughout the State. 

In the battle of Bennington the regiment commanded by Col. 
Nichols, of Amherst, commenced th3 attack, and Capt. John Brad- 
ford, of the Amherst company, is said to have 'been llu' second man 
who mounted the Hessian breast-work. 

The Amherst men euiraged in the battle were: 



Col. Moses Nichols, comnianding i 
Col. Stephen Peabody, aid to Oen. 
,JoIin Bradford, captain. 
John Mills, 1st lieut. 
Joseph Farnuin, '2d lieut. 
John Patterson, ensign, 
.loel Howe, 1 

Nathaniel Hazeltine, ! 
Jonathan Wilkins, I 
James (rilmore, J 



<eri;eanb 



regiment. 
Stark. 

Naclian Cole, ~] 
Jacob Curtice, ^-corporals. 
Amos Elliott, J 
Reuben Boutell, 
David Burnam, 
Israel B^n'^a-TO) 
Jonathan Burnam, 
Stephen Crosby, 



XVI 11.] 



THE WAR FOR INKKRENDENTK. 



38" 



William Crosby, 
Isaac Curtis, 
Samuel Curtis, 
Stephen Curtis, 
Roger Dutton, 
Jedidiah Klliinvood. 
John P^vcrdon, 
Laraford CJilhert, 
Allen (iondridut', 
1 )aiiicl (In-en, 
Samuel Harris. 
William Hogg, 
()l)a(liali Holt, 
.Joseph -lewett, 
Caleb Jones, 
Eli Kimball, 
Solomon Kittredge, 



•Jonathan I.amson, 
Asa I^ewis, 
Benjamin Merrill, 
Ebenezer Udell, 
Joshua Pettingill, 
.Tames Kay, 
Henjaniin Sawyer. 
Andrew Shannon. 
Benjamin Stearns, 
Sanmel Stewart, 
Simpson Stewart, 
Benjamin Taylor, 
Henry Trivett. 
.John Wallace, 
Eli Wilkins, 
(Jeorge ^^'ilson, private 



111 ('apt. Ford's coiupaiiy. Niclntls's i-c^iiiiciil. wcrr 



Silas (iould, 
Solomon Hulchinsiin, 



liobert Barker, and 
Eleazer I'sher, 



Col. Nichols was employed 72 days in this campaign, ("apt. Brad- 
ford and company 71 days. They received !i2V-i as boimty ami 
advance wages, at the time of their enlistment, and ilitll. 7s. Od. as a 
balance due for their services 18 Dctobi-r. 1777. 

.Vrchelaus 'J'owne, Francis (J rimes, and 

Archelaus Towne, jr.. William Hogg, 

marciii'd and joine<l tiie army under (Jen. (iates, at Saratoga, in Sept. 

1777. 

Aniniiu' the old |ta])crs in the oilicc ot the Seei-iMiii'v of 
Ihc State, is the loUowiiii:' order foi- | ayint-ut ol' sii|i|ilies 
t'linnshfil loi- the UfiiniiiLitoii cxi edit ion : 



Statk Ol Ni;\\ ilAMi'^niitr, April •_'. 177!'. 
7'() Xic/iolas GUnian, LJ.<(j., R. (J.: 

Pursuant to a vote of Council and .\ssembly, pay .Josiah Crosiiy 
and Hezekiah Lovejoy twenty-five pounds, twelve shillings, for camp 
utensils for Gen. Stark's bri-ade." 

i;25, IJs. M. \VI:AKE. Bresid't. 



388 HISTORY OF AMHERST. [Chap. 

The articles of confederation and perpetual union agreed 
upon by Congress, 15 November, 1777, were laid before the 
town at a meeting held 27 January, 1778. 

After liearing them read, the town voted " their approval 
of the articles of confederation and perpetual union." 

At the same meeting William Bradford, Oliver Carlton 
and William Larason, were appointed a committee to provide 
the necessaries of life for the families of the non-commis- 
sioned officers and soldiers from this town in the army. 

By an act of the General Court of New Hampshke, passed 19 No- 
vember, 1778, seventy-seven persons named in the act, who had left the 
State, were forbidden to return without leave first had and obtained 
by special act oi the General Court, and should they thereafter be 
found at any time within the limits of the State without such license, 
they were to be arrested, and after examination sent to some part of 
the British dominions, or to some place in the possession of the British 
forces, at their own expense ; or if they were unable to pay the expense 
they were to he sent at the expense of the State. If they were found 
within the limits of the State thereafter, thej' were to be put to 
death. 

Many of the persons thus proscribed had been among the leading 
men in the province. Gov. John Wentworth, Capt. Robert Rogers, 
the famous ranger; Benjamin Thompson, afterward Count Rumford ; 
Edward (i. Lutwyche, of ]\Ierrimack ; William and John Stark, 
brother and nephew of Gen. John Stark, were of the number; also 
two citizens of Amherst, Zaccheus Cutler. Esq., trader, and John 
Holland, gentleman. 

By another act of the General C'ourt, passed 2S November, 1778, the 
estates, real and personal, of many of the persons named in the pi'e- 
vious act, were declared to be forfeited to the use of the State. Three 
commissioners were appointed in each county to take possession of 
such estates and sell the same at auction, and account to the 
State for the proceeds of the sales. Col. Moses Nichols, of Amherst, 
James Underwood, Esq., of Litchfield, and Col. Noah Lovewell, of 
Dunstable, were appointed commissioners for Hillsborough county. 

The following advertisement is found in the N. H. Gazette, pub- 
lished at Portsmouth, 12 January, 1779 : 

STATE OF NEW HAMPSHIRE. 

Hillsborough ss. To be sold at public auction, on Tuesday, the 
twelfth day of January next, at 10 o'clock a. m., at tlie house lately 



XVili.J TIIK WAR FOR INDIU'ENDKNCE. 389 

occupied by Zaccheus Cutler, K.S(|., ;it AnilnM-st, an aljscMtco, all (lie 
personal estate of said Cutler. 

IiV ordi'v of the General Coml. 

MOSES NICHOLS. ) ,, 
NOAH LOVKWKI.L, , < '""»"'"^^- 

Amherst, Decenilier 2"), 177S. 

A brigado of the New Hampshire militia, under the com- 
mand of Gen. William Whipjjle, was sent to lihode Island 
in the summer of 1778, to assist in an attack upon the 
British forces stationed there. 

Col. Moses Nichols commanded one of the regiments, 
Lieut.-Col. Stephen Peabody one of the l)attallions. Capt. 
John Bradford was adjutant in Col. Nichols's regiment, and 
Col. Daniel Warner, quartermaster. 

The I'ollowing Amherst men served in Col. Nichols's regi- 
ment, in the company commanded i)y ('apt. Josiah Crosby: 

Josiah Crosby, captain. Keuben D. Mussey, 

Hezekiali Lovejoy, lit'ut. Tiinotiiy Nichols, jr.., 

John Mills, "I Kbenezer Odell, 

Josiah Crosby, jr., ;■ sergeants. John Odell, 

.Mien (ioodridge, J Peter IJobinson. 

John Cole, » ■ Joseiih HoUins. 

T ii w-u ■ corporals. » , . , 

Jonathan \\ ilkins, y ' Jacob Stanley, 

John Bout. '11, Samuel Stanley, 

Knos Hratlford, Jotham Stearn.s, 

John Carlton, Thomas Stevens, 

Daniel Chandler, William Stewart. 

Stephen Crosby, B.-njaniin Taylor. 

Silas Cummings, Jonathan 'I'ayloi-, 

James Kllinwood, William Talbert, 

John Kverden, Bartholomew Towne, 

Stephen Farinim, Solomon Wa.«her, privates. 

Henjamin Lewis, 

In Capt. Reynolds's company were 

Roger Dutton. James Kay, 

Kbenezer OdfU, .John Stevens, 

Joshua Pettingill, John Wallace, privates. 



390 HISTORY OF AMHERST. [Chap, 

In Capt. Dearborn's company were 

William Hastings, John Ellsworth. 

Andrew Biirnani, 

William Hastings was wounded by a cannon ball, 29 August, 1778, 
and lost a leg in consequence of the wound. After his return he 
applied to the Genei-al Court for assistance, which was granted, £49, 
8s. being allowed him for his expenses at Rhode Island, and his name 
was placed on the pension-list to receive half pay fronr 1 January, 
1779. He continued to receive a pension from the State and the 
Ignited States during the remainder of his life. 

8March,1779. Benjamin Hopkins, jr., William Odell, and 
James Woodbury, were cliosen a committee to provide for 
the Tamilies of the non-commissioned officers and soldiers 
belongino- to this town in the array. 

7 June, 1779. The town voted "that they will take a 
method to raise the soldiers called for to sei've in the Con- 
tinental army.'" 

Voted "that the selectmen prepare and present a petition 
to the General Court asking for a law to enable the town to 
make and recover an average of what has been paid as an 
encouragement to soldiers to go into the service of their 
country." 

29 June, 1779. Voted to add fifty bushels of Indian 
corn, or its equivalent in currency, to the State and Conti- 
nental bounties offered each soldier who shall enlist during 
the war, and the raising of the soldiers on the above en- 
couragement was referred to the commissioned officers (of 
the militia). 

5 August, 1779. Mr. Timothy Smith, Col. Stephen Pea- 
body, and Capt. John Bradford, were appointed a committee 
to procure the quotas of men which should hereafter be re- 
quired of the town during the war, and they were instructed, 
immediately after they had raised the men, which from 
time to time might be reijuired, to render a true account, 
upon oath to the selectmen, of the money they had advanced 
or promised to the men they had hired, and the selectmen, 



will.] Tni; WAR ini: iNi'Ki'KShKNCF. ;'.91 

foi" t lie tiinr l>^'illL^ Hi- their surcossors, were iiist nictnl to 
assess the sjunc u|miii the ii)li;iliit:iiits ot' tlic town in tlir 
same iiianiicr that the state, county, and town taxes wen^ 
assessed; collect the inoiu y as soon as miuiit he. and pay it 
over to the oommittee tor the |i;iyiiie!ii ol' the liahilities 
they had iiiemred in the said service. 

At the same nieetiiiL'" the town voted that llie\ u<ndd not 
allow any thinir for the tinu' spent In the xolnnteers last 
summer at Ivhode Island, in the avera)L!;e tor raisinj; soldiers 
for the Rhode Island and ('oniinental service the present 
year. 

15 Septemher. 177'.'. \'oted to raise twenty thousand 
dollars for hirinu' tlu-ir ipiotas of men for carrying; on the 
war in the future, and the s(dect men were directeil to assess 
the above sum in the common way of assessin,<r, an<l pay it 
into the town treasury as it is collected. 

Capt. Lovejoy was added to the committee for hiring men 
for the army, and the committee were authori/cd to hire 
such sums of money as might he necessary in case the 
grant made this day should he insutlicient for the purpose 
required. 

6 SejAemher, 17T'.i. TIk' town voted to join with the 
other towns in this State in holding a c(»nvention at('(uief)rd, 
on the 2'2d <lay of Septeml)er inst., for the purpose of regu- 
lating the prices of produce and merchandise in said State, 
and chose Col. Moses Nichols and fiieut. Reuhen Mussey, 
delegates to attend said couMuition. 

2 November, 1T71«. Capt. John Bradl'ord. William (»<ie||, 
Col. Stephen Pcabody, James Woodbury, .Jonathan liUtul, 
Dea. John Seaton, Thomas Wakefield, Capt. Ile/.ekiah Love- 
joy, Klisha Felton, Dea. Samuel Stevens, and Ki(duird Coidd-. 
were ajipointed a committee to settle the prices of proiluce 
and articles of trade for this town. 

At a meeting held 2 Novemhcr, 1779. the town voted to 
allow credit to thosi' jiersons who had done more than their 
|)roportion in carrying on the present war. 



392 HISTORY OF AMHERST. [Chap. 

25 .rune, 1779, a petition from Siisannali Munroe, of Amherst, was 
presented to the House of Representatives, asking that the sum of 
£500, allowed her husband, Capt. Jonah Muxn-oe, for the depreciation 
of the paper currency, might be joaid to her as her husband was absent 
and she needed the money for the support of herself and family, which 
request was granted, and the President was directed to issue an order 
for the payment of the money to Capt. Josiah Crosby foi' her use, 15 
June, 1779. 

Capt. Archelaus Towne, of Amherst, presented a petition to the 
House of Representatives, in which he stated that he and his son, 
Archelaus Towne, jr., did, on the 24th day of July, 1777, " set out from 
Amherst, and marched and joiued the Continental army, commanded 
by (ien. Gates; served as scouts, and did duty as other soldiers; were 
in the battle on the 19 th of September, near Stillwater, and continued 
in the service until about four days before Gen. Burgoyne surrendered, 
when, being taken very sick, he was obliged to return home ; that 
neither himself nor his son had received any recompense for their ser- 
vices from any person whatever ; wherefore he prayed that the same 
allowance might be made to himself and his son that others had re- 
ceived for similar services." 

To substantiate the statement of Capt. Towne, Lt. Robert B. Wil" 
kins testified that he " saw Capt. Archelaus Towne, of Amherst, in the 
front of the liattle, on the lf)th of Sept., 1777, at Bemis's Heights, and 
spake with him in the height of the battle ; that he saw his son Ar- 
chelaus the next day, who told him he was in the battle, which he 
believed, although he did not see him there. They were both volun- 
teers." 

Dr. John Hale, surgeon in Cillej^'s regiment, certified that he saw 
Capt. Towne and his sou just before the battle with Burgoyne, and 
Capt. Towne told him that he and his son came up as volunteers, and 
he judged they were both in the battle on the 19th of September, 1777. 

Nine men were furnished for the Continental army in 
1779, to serve one year, as follows: 

Samuel Clark, enlisted 14 July, 1779 ; discharged, 20 Aug., 1780. 

Charles Davenport, " " " " " " " " 

Calvin Honey, " 7 Aug., " " 7 " " 

Abraham Littlehale, " 24 July, " " 24 July, " 

John McKean, " 20 " " " 20 June, " 

Joseph Perkins, " 13 " " " " " " 

Joseph Rawlins, " 14 Aug., " " 20 Aug., " 

Archelaus Towne, " 21 July, " died 1 Dec, 1779. 

Joseph Wilson, " 27 July, " discharged 20 June, 1780. 



X\'1I1.] TIIK WAK KOi: IMii:i'KM)INCF. '\*S''> 

.)osi:i-n Wilson's hkckiit. 

Hfci'ivfd of .loliii liiaiU'onl :unl ntln-rs tin- sum nl' six immiihIs. 
thirt<'t'ii shillings, mid luiir-pt'iu'c, L. M., after tin* rate of liiiliaii f(»ni 
at tiiref' sbilliii,i,'s ami six-pi-iicf a huslicl, for which sum f jiromisc to 
servi' one vt'ar in tlif ("outiiiruta! army. 

.F(»M;ril WILSON. 

s()i.i)ii;i;s AT Kiiohi: island, itti). 

('ill. I lri<iili's Mooiicy cominaiKli'il a rctriuK'nt sent t(j 
Rhode Island rroin this State in the sjiriiiu; of ITT'.', to assist 
the iirniy stutiouod thi'ie. The i'oUowing- Amherst men 
served in this leuinient, in the eonipany euninianded liy 
Capt. l)aiiiel Minerson, of HoUis: 

Moses liarron, cusii^n. Alpheus Crosby, 

Aloses Averill. diumiuLT. Jolm ndtdl, and 

John Carlton, l.i\i Woodhuiy. 

In Septeuiliei' of this year Cajit. Hezckiali Lovejoy and 
'^ Joseph Nichols eidisteil for six nimiths in tlie uarrison at 
Portsmouth. 



394 HISTORY OF AMHERST. [Chap. 



CHAPTER XIX. 

THE WAR FOR INDEPENDENCE. 

1780-1785. 

proceedings of the towx\, — continental soldiers, 1780. — 
Nichols's regiment at west point. — soldiers furnished, 
1781. — continental and other soldiers, 1782. — amherst 

men who served for other towns. amherst men who 

served in the privateer service. proceedings of the 

town. proclamation for thanksgiving. bounties, etc., 

paid soldiers. — list of soldiers and sailors. — list of 

soldiers who died or were killed in the service. 

meeting of revolutionary soldiers, 4 july, 1820, etc. 

At a meeting held 20 March, 1780, Kendal Boutell, 
James Hartshorn, and Enos Bradford, were appointed a 
committee to provide for the families of the non-commis- 
sioned officers and privates in the Continental army belong- 
ing to this town. 

A number of men being called for to fill the battal- 
lions in the Continental army, at a meeting held 27 June, 
1780, the town voted to instruct and empower their com- 
mittee to engage the men that they shall hire to go into 
the army on the same standard that the General Court has 
stated ; namely, their wages, Indian corn at 4s. per bushel, 
grass fed beef at 4d. per lb., and sole leather at Is. 6d. 
per lb. 

Eleven men were furnished for the Continental army 
this vear. 



I'eter Abbot, t-nlist 


m1 8 


July, 


Robert Cainpbtill, 


u 




Alplic'iis Crosby, 


u 




Stt'j>heii Crosl)y, 


" 




Isaac Curtice, 


u 




Jacob Doyen, 


•J9 


luiH'. 


Obailiali ilolt, 


s , 


'illy. 


Jacol) Stanley, 


" 




.lotliaiu Stt'arns, 






Biinslcy Stevens, 


•_'!» 


June, 


Jesse \\'ootll)ury. 


S . 


July, 



XIX.] THE WAR Foil INDEPENDENCE. -V.^.') 

(lischarjjed ti Dec, IT^iii. 
21 

" (i " 

:n 

18 

IS 

" (I •• 

•Jl 
" (i 

A re<riinoiit under the commaiul of Col. Moses Nichols ^ 
served three months at West Point, in the Autumn of 17S0. 
Dr. Henry Codman was Surt2;con. In the company com- 
manded by Capt. William Harron, of Mci'rimack. we lind 
tiu" followiuu- Amherst men: 

Daniel Averill, .b)seph Nichols, 

XaluuM Haldwiu, jr., . Heujaniin Stearns, 

Andrew l?radl"ord, William 'i'olbert, 

Daniel Kenny, William Wallace (tiler). 

11 en rj- Kimball, Daniel Weston. 
David Melviu, 

William Itrown served in anotlier comjiauy. 

Heventy-foiir men, ineludinsx those then in tin- field, beinp: 
called for to serve three years, or durimr the war, the town, 
at a meeting held 8 Feb., 1781, appointed Capt. Nathan 
Huti'hinson, Capt. Israel Towne,and Amos Flint, a commit- 
tee to raise the men rei|uired. 

Capt. Ilczekiah Lovejoy, Thomas Wakefield, Daniel 
Campbell, Benjamin Davis, Eli Wilkins, and Lieut. Kbene/er 
Weston, were subsecjuently added to the eommittee, who 
were authnri/ed to hire mouey to |)i'ocure the men nt'cded. 

At a meetinj; held 1^^ April, 1781, the sum of forty 
thousand dollars was appropriated to fill the town's ipiota 
this year. 

Another re(|uisition for soldiers beiufj: made, the town, at 
ameetinir held 18 Julv, 1781, 



39'3 HISTORY OP AMHERST. [Chap. 

Voted that the coiniuittee hire the soldiers to fill the town's quota. 
At this meeting, ('apt. Ilntchinson, Capt. Towne, and Mr. Wakefield, 
members of the committee, resigned. 

The selectmen were directed to give security in hard 
money for the beef they had purchased for the army, or in 
money equivalent thereto. 

9 October, 1781. The town voted that one dollar in hard 
money should be equivalent to one hundred dollars in old 
Continental money, in payment of taxes due for 1781, and 
that all taxes due that were assessed before 1781 should 
be paid e(iual to the scale of depreciation. 

In arranginu' the pay of the soldiers hired this year, it 
was agreed by the committee that each man should be 
entitled to the value of twenty neat cattle, as many months 
old as he served months in the army. This seems to have 
been paid as a bounty for enlisting, in addition to the pay 
he received for his services. Minutes of settlement with 
some of these soldiers are preserved in the town records. 

The families of William Brown, James Cochran, Richard 
Hughes, Farrar Miller, Nathan Tuttle, and Joseph Wilson, 
soldiers in the continental army, were assisted by the town 
this year. 

John Abbot Goss, Joseph Pedrick, and 

Francis Lovejoy, Daniel AVilkins, 3d, 

Joseph Lovejoy, 

were mustered in 5 March, 1781, to fill the quota of three years' men 
required of the town at that time. 

In July, 1781, nine men were required to serve six months, 
and the requisition was filled by 

Nahum Baldwin, jr., Henry Hunt, 

Ebenezer Curtice, Michael Kieff, 

David Hildreth, Joseph Nichols, 

Caleb Hunt, Allen Stewart, 

and William Cowen ; but there is no record that he joined the army until 
December following, when he enlisted for three years. 



XIX. J THE WAR FOR INDEPENDENCE. 3'.>T 

Late ill the suniiuer of 1781 eleven men were called lor 
to serve three inoiitlis. They marched 23 September of that 
year. In the selectmen's aceonnt they are mentioned as 
"11 soldiers at Charlestown, 1T<'^1," and were i)rol)alily raised 
in apprehension of trouble on the western and northern 
frontiers of the state, 'riicir names w(M-e — 

Peter Abbot, Edward Hartshorn, 

Daniel Averill, Joshua Hey wood, 

Elijah Averill, Samuel l'ht'li)s, 

George Christopher, Peter >\'ak('lield, and 

Paul Crosby, Daniel Weston, 

John Fields, 

and they served in a company commanded by ('ai>t. -Fuliu . Mills. 

Amonii' tli(> j)ap('rs in the Adiutant-( leneraTs otlice, in Con- 
cord, is the followinii' account of beef and fat cattle collect- 
ed in the town of Amherst by F'rancis Blood, in the year 
1781, for the army : 

•-'.'> Jnly, -J cattle weighing l-J.jll lbs. 

7 Aug., C. '• " :n lo •• 

•_'!' .\iig., I •• '• L'77."> '• 

i) Oct., 7 •' " 4;}o5 •' 

19 \ov., n " " 448.5 '• 

l>eet' furnished bv Nichols, .S5Un •' 



Total. -24,565 lbs. 

Being the amount the town was reiiuired to furnish. 

In 1782 fourteen three years' men were re(iuired to till 
llic town's ([uota in the Continental army, and the following: 
men were fiiniishcd : 

.lanics Auld, Adam Patterson, 

Andrew Bradford, John Peabody, 

Enoch Carlton, Thomas Peabody, 

iCjthraim fJoss, . .-Mexander Hunnels, 

Peter (loss, ^ Henjamin Tuck, 

Henry Handley, Daniel Weston. an<l 

William llevwood, John (irout. 

Peter Abbott [tifer], Moses Pett^ngill, an<l James McKean, privates, 
eidisted in a comj'any commanded l>y (apt. Kbenezcr Weli.><ter, which 



398 HISTORY OP AMHERST. [Chap. 

was raised for the protection of tlie northern frontiers of the State in 
1782. 

Stephen Dike, of Amherst, served six months for New 
Boston, in 1781. 

David Truel, jr., served six months for Merrimack, in 
1781; and William Henry Wilkins, son of the minister, 
enlisted to serve three years for Candia, in June, 1777, but 
died at Yellow Springs, Pa., 22 June, 1778. 

Luther Dana served in the navy a short time, near the 
close of the war. 

Capt. Joseph Perkins served on board a privateer 
vessel, which was taken by the British, and he was carried a 
prisoner of war to England, where he was confined for some 
time. 

Levi Woodbury served on the privateer Es^ex, which was 
taken, and he was carried to England, a prisoner of war, 
where he died. 

Jonathan Wilkins served on the ship Hague, and was 
wounded in an action with a British vessel. 

At a meeting held 18 March, 1782, the town voted to 
grant supplies of the necessaries of life to the families of 
those soldiers who enlisted into the army last spring, for three 
years, provided the cost of such supplies may be entered as 
pay on the obligations given said soldiers by the committee. 

At this meeting the following petition was laid before the 
town : 

To the toicii of Amherst, concencd at the Court House in s'tid Amherst, on 

the ISlh of March, hy adjournment : 

Gextlkmen: — You may remember that I, your petitioner, did en- 
gage in the public service of the United States, to serve as a soldier 
for this town for the term of three years, which time I served faith- 
fully, and then engaged to serve in the Continental Army during the 
war, and 1 have not received any bounty from this town, or any other ; 
and as this is the town I first went for, and my family living in it, I 
shall choose to go for this town still. Whei-efore your petitioner prays 
you would take his case under your consideration, and give him such 



XIX.] THE WAU FOR INDEPENDENGK. ;]9H 

a bounty as others havo ivceived in like circiinistanccs, and voiir I'cli- 
tioncr, as in duty l>ouii(l. will cvtM- jiray. 

his 
WILLIAM X lUlOWN. 
mark. 

In answer to the above petition the town voted to allow 
the petitioner one linndred doUars, hard money, on the 
same considerations that the three years' soldiers were hired 
in 1781. 

11 April, 1T8-. More soldiers having been called lor to 
till tlie town's (piota, the town voted to add Lieut. Darius 
Abi)ot, Robert Means, William Lampson, Samuel Dodge, 
Capt. William Dana, and Capt. Ephraini ITildreth. to the 
connnittee to hire soldiers. 

'2i< October, ITS:^. Thcsuniof thirty pounds was gi-anlcd 
for the support of the families of Joseph Lovejoy and 
Daniel Wilkins, jr., the same to be indorsed on the securi- 
ties given them by the town's committee for hiring soldiers. 

N'otcd not to give uj* their claiiu to William Coweii, as a Couti- 
neutal soldier, to the town of Merrimack. 

23 December, 1782. Voted to return the Ijouutics of the 
three years' soldiers which were retained from the wages, 
provided the soldiers shall make it appear that Ihcy per- 
fornu'd three years' service for this town. 

4 February, 1788. The town again \oted not to gi\e up 
their claim to William Cowen as a Continental soldier. 

2ti < >ctober, 17o;J. Dea. Samuel Wilkins, Mr. Solomon 
Kittrcdge, and Mr. Daniel Campbell, were appointed a com- 
mittee to agree and settle with Jose|>h Lovejoy ami the 
other soldiers that the committee agreed to jiay in young 
cattle for going into the army for three years. 

The war had now closed. The great miracle of the eight- 
eenth century had been wrought, and the people of the United 
States were ap))ropriately called upon to give thanks to the 
Supreme Ruler of all human events by the following Proc- 
lamation : 



400 HISTORY OF AMHERST. [Chap. 

By the I'liited States in Congress assembled. 

A PROCLAMATION. 

Whereas it hath plea-^ed tho Supreme Ruler of all human events to 
dispose the hearts of the late belligerent Powers to put a })eriod to the 
effusion of hnman blood by proclaiming a cessation of all hostilities 
by sea and land, and these United States are not only rescued from 
the dangers and calamities to which they have been so long exposed, 
but their freedom, sovereignty and Independence ultimately acknowl- 
edged : And whereas in the progress of a contest on which the most 
essential rights of human nature depended, the interposition of Divine 
Providence in our favor hath been most abundantly & most graciously 
manifested, and the citizens of these United States have every reason 
for praise & gratitude to the (iod of their salvation : — Impressed there- 
fore with an exalted sense of the blessings by which we are surrounded, 
& of our entire dependence on that Almighty Being from whose good- 
ness & bounty they are derived ;— The United States in Congress 
Assembled, do recommend it to the several States to set apart the 
Second Thiirsday in December next as a day of public Thanksgiving, 
that all the People may then Assemble to celebrate with grateful 
hearts & united voices, the praises of their Supreme & all bountiful 
Benefactor, for his numberle-s favours and mercies; — that he hath 
lieen pleased to conduct us in safety through all the perils and vicissi- 
tudes of the war; that he hath given us iinanimity and resolution to 
adhere to our just rights ; that he hath raised up a powerful ally to 
assist us in supporting them, & hath so far crowned our united efforts 
with success ; that in the course of the present year hostilities have 
ceased & we are left in the imdisputed possession of our liberties & 
Independence, and of the fruits of our lands, & in the free participa- 
tion of the treasures of the sea ; that he hath prospered the labour of 
our Hiisbandmen with plentiful Harvests ; and above all that he hath 
been pleased to continue to us the light of the blessed Gospel & 
secured to us, in the fullest extent, the rights of conscience in faith 
and worship : And while our hearts overflow with gratitude & our 
lips set forth the praises of our Great Creator, that we also offer up 
our fervent supplications, that it may please Ilim to pardon all our 
offences, to give wisdom and unanimity to our public councils, to 
cement all our citizens in the bonds of affection & to inspire them 
with an earnest regard for the national honor and interest ; to enable 
them to improve the days of prosperity by every good work, and to be 
lovers of peace & tranquillity ; that he may be pleased to bless us in 
our husbandry, our commerce and Navigation ; to smile upon our 



XIX.] THE WAR I'Oi; INUEPENDEN'CE. Mil 

seminaries & iiifaii.s of efluc;itioii ; to cause pure religion and virtue 
to flourisli ; to give peace to all Xations ^c to till tin- wnrld wjtli liis 
glory. 

Done by the United States in Congress Assenilded. Witness liis 
Excellency Elias Houdinot our President, this eighteenth day of 
October in the year of our Lord one thousand seven hiindreil & 
eighty-three, & of tlie Sovereignty and Independence of the rniled 
States of America the eighth. 

Kbi.v.s nor 1)1 NOT. 

Cha's. Thomson, Sec'y. 

l'4 Novcinbcr, 1788. A coiivcntiDn of (k'lc<^at('s Irdiii 
some of the towns in the State had recently met to consider 
certain grievances, and petition to the Cicneral Court for 
their redress, after which they adjonrned to tlie hist 
Tuesday of this month, and a coj)y of their proceedings 
l)eing hiid l)efore the town, with a request that they wonhl 
ap|)oint deh'uates to meet with them at tlieir adjourned 
nieetimi, Knsiu'n William Teahody and .rnjin f'aton were 
appointed delegates for that jjiirposc. 

7 September, 1784. Thomas Burns, Joshua Atherton, 
I']s(|., and Maj. Hlanchard, were appointed a committee to 
settle with ('apt. Josinli .Mimroe (if a re. isonaiile settlement 
can he obtained), for a claim he says he has to a sum of 
money he jiaid to John Tlront, in consetpiencc of a special 
agreement nuide with him by the town's eommiltee U>v liir- 
ing soldiers, and if a reasonai)le settlement can not be ol)- 
tained, to def-end the town against any action he may bring 
against it. 

!•> April. 17s."). Tiic town of Merrimack having been 
served with an extent b)r one deficient soldier in the (con- 
tinental army, which soldier they say was wrongfully ered 
ited to Amherst, served a notire upon the selectmen of Am- 
herst to show cause, if any they had, why the extent shoidd 
not issue against Amherst rather than Merrimack. Tlie town 
chose Maj, Blanchard, .Mr. Atherton, and Samuel Dana, Escp, 
to be assisted by .Mr. Robert Means, their representative, a 
•2G 



402 HISTORY OP AMHERST. [Chap. 

committee to show cause why the petition of Merrimack 
should not be granted. 

28 April, 1785. Tlie town granted fifty dollars to Stephen 
Abbot for one year's service in the Continental army. 

12 October, 1785. Voted nine pounds to Daniel Kidder for 
one year's service in the army, for wliich he had not been 
paid. 

BOUNTIES. 

Bounties paid soldiers in the Avar for Independence by 
the town of Amherst, which were repaid by the State. 

4 Sept., 1776. Paid 15 men in Wyman's regiment, £150 

22 " Baldwin's " 132 

' 27 Continental soldiers, 839, 13s. lOd. 

' 55 men in Stark's brigade, 2 mo., 220 

' 9 Continental soldiers, beside, 

£6, 13s. 4d., good money, 215 2s. 9d. 
' 12 men in Nichols's reg't, 3 mo., 72 

' 9 Continental soldiers, new levies, 

6 months, 108 

' 5 Continental soldiers, 3 years, 3G0 

' 14 Continental soldiers. 3 vears, 1008 



5 " 




7 May, 


1777. 


19 July, 


1777. 


11 "' 


1779. 


21 " 


1780. 


31 ■' 


1781. 


15 " 


(( 


17 " 


1782. 



£3206, 16s. 7d. 

Bomities, etc, paid by the town that were not re- 
paid by the State, or the United States, as reported by the 
selectmen 9 September, 1791. 

Paid Col. Nichols's regiment, at West Point, £180 

An average made in 1777, for soldiers that had served, 480 

Soldiers that served in Capt. Walker's Co., Oilman's reg't, 1776, 39 

Soldiers in Col. Peabody's regiment, at Rhode Island, 105 

Soldiers in Col. Baldwin's regiment, at New York, 1776, 72 

10 Continental soldiers, from 1781, 3 years' men, 600 
20 soldiers in Capt. Barron's Co., Wyman's reg't, 1776, 200 

11 " served at Charlestown, 1781, 132 
9 -' 1781, new levies, six months' men, 270 

11 " 1780, " " " " "• 330 

5 " at Coos. 1780, Capt. Stone's company, 150 



XIX.] 



THE WAR FOR I^■DEPEND^:NCE. 



403 



I'aid !t sokluTs iu Col. Muoncv's legiineiit, 
1:') " from 1783, 3 years' men, 



i:i().S 
845 



LIST 'OP SOLDI EI{S. 



Alphabetical list of soldiers 
in the war t'i»r Independence. 

.loshua Al>bol, 
Natlian Abbot, 
Nathaniel Abbot, 
Peter Abbot, 
Stephen Abbot, 
James Allch 
Daniel Avcrill. 
David Averill, 
Elijah Averill. 
.luhn Avorill, 
-Moses Averill, 
Xahuni Haldwiii. 
Nahum Baldwin, jr., 
Nathaniel liarrett, 
Moses Barron, 
Jacob Blodgett, 
Joshna Blodgett. 
Aaron Bontell, 
Amos lioutell, 
Joseph Boutell. jr.. 
Renben Uoiitt'll, 
Thomas ISnutell, 
Ivicliard Boyutoii, 
.Vndrew Bradford, 
Knos Bradford, 
John Bradford, 
tJoseph Bradfonl, 
William Bradford, jr., 
Peter Brewer, 
Alexander Brown, 
William Brown, 
David Burnam, 
Israel Bnrnam, 
-Jonathan Bnrnam, 



and sailors iVoni Andii/rst, 

-loslnia Bnrnam, 
Robert Campliell, 
Ebenezer Carlton, 
Enoch Carlton, 
John Carlton, 
David Cliandler, 
Primus Chandler. 
George Christopher, 
Benjamin Clark, 
James Clark, 
Sanniel Clark, 
'J'homas Clark, 
.lames Cochran, 
.lolin Cocliran, 
rlonathan Cochran, 
Robert Cochran, 
Henry Codman, 
Jolm ( olf, 
John Col.', L'd. 
Nathan Cole, 
William Cook, 
Silas Cooledge, 
William Cowen, 
.\1})Im'us Crosby, 
lOzt'kiel Crosby, 
Josiah Crosby, 
Josiah Crosby, jr., 
Nathaniel Crosby. 
I'aul Crosby, 
Sti'phcn Crosby, 
William Cro.sbv, 
Sila,s Cummings, 
Robert Cunningham, 
Robert Cunningham, jr.. 



404 



HISTORY OF AMHERST. 



[Chap. 



Kbenezev Curtice, 
Isaac Palmer Curtice, 
Jacob Curtice, 
Lemuel Curtice, 
Stephen Curtice, 
Luther Dana, 
Charles Davenport, 
Benjamin Davis, 
Ezekiel Davis, 
Joseph Davis, 
Benjamin Dike, 
Stephen Dike, 
John Door, 
Jacob Doyen, 
John Dutton, 
Jonathan Dutton, 
Roger Dutton, 
James Ellinwood, 
Jedidiah KUinwood, 
Joseph Ellinwood, 
Amos Elliot, 
Andrew Elliot, 
John Ellsworth, 
John Everden, 
Asa Farnum, 
John Farnum, 
Joseph Farnum, 
Stephen Farnum, 
rTohn Fields, 
David Fiske, 
Thaddeus Fitch, 
Amos Flint, 
Ephraim French, 
Laraford Gilbert, 
Thomas Giles, 
James (iilmore, 
Richard Goodman 
Allen Goodridge, 
Ephraim Goss, 
John Abbot Goss, 
Peter Goss, 
Silas Gould, 
Stephen Gould, 



Daniel Green, 
Francis Grimes, 
John Grimes, 
John Grout, 
Jude Hall, 
Henry Handley, 
Henry Harris, 
Samuel Harris, 
Edward Hartshorn, 
James Hartshorn, jr., 
John Hartshorn, 
Nathaniel Hazeltine, 
Joshua Haywood, 
William Haywood, 
Stephen Hill, 
David Hildreth, 
William Hogg, 
Abiel Holt, 
Jabez Holt, 
Obadiah Holt, 
Calvin Honey, 
Joel Howe, 
Richard Hughes, 
Caleb Hunt, 
Henry Hunt, 
Ebenezer Hutchinson, 
Nathan Hiitchinson, 
Solomon Hutchinson, 
Joseph Jewett, 
Caleb Jones, 
William Jones, 
Joshua Kendall, 
Nathan Kendall, jr., 
Archelaus Kenney, 
Daniel Kenney, 
^lichael Keef, 
Daniel Kidder, 
Eli Kimball, 
Henry Kimball, 
Eleazer W. Kingsbury, 
Solomon Kittredge, 
Zepheniah Kittredge, 
William Lakin, 



XIX.] 



THE WAlt FUR INDErEN'UKNCE. 



40/ 



rli'ieiiiiali Lamson, 
.Idiiathaii Lamsoii, 
Saimicl I.anison, 
.losluia Lancaster, 
Andrew I.cavitt, 
•loscpli Leavitt, 
Asa Lewis, 
Joseph Lewis, 
Alnaliain Littleliale. 
Francis Lovejoy, 
Ilezekiah Lovejoy, 
.Folin Lovejoy, 
Joseph Lovejoy. 
AVilliani Low, 
Edward Lyon, 
.Jonathan Lyon, 
Andrew MacTutire, 
Daniel IMcGrath, 
James McGraw, 
llii;4h MacKean, 
•lames MacKean, 
John MacKean, 
Tiniotliy Martin, 
I'houipson ^Laxwell, 
Thomas ^lelendy, 
ri(il)ert Meh>rv, 
David Melvin, 
l'>enjaniin Merrill, 
Farrar Miller, 
John Mills, 
John Mitchel, 
Josiah Mimroe, 
Reuben D. Muzzey, 
Aaron Nichols, 
•loscph Nichols, 
Moses Nichols, 
Timothy Nichols, jr., 
Ebenez.'r ( )dell. 
John Odell, 
Robert Parker, 
William Parker, 
.\dam Patterson, 
John Patterson, 



Lsaac Peabody, 
John Peabody, 
Moses Peabody, 
Stephen Peabody, 
Thomas Peabody, 
Joseph Pedrick, 
Closes Pearson, 
.Joseph Perkins, jr.. 
.Foshna Pettingill. 
Moses Petting-ill. 
Samuel Piielps, 
Tliomas PoweU, 
Abel Prince, 
David Ramsay, 
Kbenezer Kay, 
.James l^ay, 
William Read, 
Peter Robertson, 
Samuel Robertson, 
Joseph l\ollin;^'s, 
Alexander Runnels, 
Benjamin Sawyer, 
.Josiah .Sawyer, 
Nourse Sawyer, 
l^obert Scammell, 
Thomas Scott, 
William Shaildock, 
Samuel Shepard, 
Andrew Shannon, 
James Simjison, 
.Jonathan Small, 
William .Small, jr.. 
Renjamin Smith, 
Daniel .Smith, 
Isaac Smith, 
.Jacob Stanley, 
.Samuel .Staidey, 
Ik'iijamin Stearns, 
Isaac Stearns, 
.John Stearns, 
.Jotliam Stearns. 
Samuel Stearns, 
Rimsley Stevens, 



406 



HISTORY OF AMHERST. 



[Chap. 



Thomas Stevens, 
Allen Stewart, 
John Stewart, 
Samnel Stewart, 
Simpson Stewart, 
William Stewart, 
Asa Swinnerton, 
.John Taggart, 
Benjamin Taylor, 
Benjamin Taylor, 2d, 
John Taylor, 
Jonathan Taylor, 
Hugh Thornton, 
AVilliam Talbert, 
Archelaus Towne, 
Arehelaus Towne, jr., 
Bartholomew Towne, 
Jonathan Towne, 
Richard Towne, 
Rufus Trask, 
Henry Trivett, 
David Truel, jr., 
Benjamin Tuck, 
William Tuck, 
Nathan Tuttle, 
Thomas I'nderwood, 
Aaron Upton, 
Elea/er Usher, 
Ebenezer Wakefield, 



Peter Wakefield, 
William Wakefield, 
John Wallace, 
.Joseph Wallace, 
Daniel Warner, 
Solomon Washer, 
Stephen Washer, 
Daniel Weston, 
Isaac Weston, 
Sutherick Weston, 
Reuben AVheeler, 
Jolm Wiley, 
Andrew Wilkins, 
Asa Wilkins, 
Daniel Wilkins, jr., 
Daniel Wilkins, :3d, 
Eli Wilkins, 
Jonathan Wilkins, 
Robert B. Wilkins, 
Sylvester Wilkins, 
AVilliam Henry Wilkins, 
Ebenezer Williams, 
Samuel Williams, 
George Wilson, 
Joseph Wilson, 
Lemuel Winchester, 
Jesse Woodbury, 
Levi Woodliury, 
I^^ben Wincol Wright, 
Isaac Wriftht. 



Joseph Wakefield, 

SOLDIERS FROM AMHERST WHO DIED IN THE WAR FOR 
INDEPENDENCE. 
Lt. Joseph Bradford, at Medford, July, 1775. 
Peter Brewer, killed in battle at Saratoga, 7 Oct., 1777. 
Primus Chandler, killed by the Indians, May, 1776. 
.James Clark, at Mount Independence, .Tuly, 1776. 
.Jonathan Cochran, came home sick ; died at home, 2i March, 1778. 
Robert Cochran, died of disease, time and place not known. 
John Cole, killed in battle at Bunker Hill, 17 June, 1775. 
Ezekiel Davis, in central New York, 16 .Tune, 1779. 
.Joseph Davis, killed by the Indians in New York, 13 Aug., 1779. 
Benjamin Dike, killed in battle at Saratoga, 7 Oct., 1777. 
John Door, killed in battle at Saratoga, 7 Oct., 1777. 



XIX.] THE WAR I'OR INDEPENDENCE. 407 

Richard Goodman, at Yellow Sjnings, I'a., "JT .Iiiiif, 177H. 

Calvin Honey, place not known, 1') Dec, 17S1. 

William Jones, at Crown Point, .Inly, 1776. 

Jeremiah Lamson, at Fort George, N. Y., Aug., 177fi. 

Asa Lewis, killed in battle at liennington, Iti .\ug., 1777. 

James Mcliraw, killed in battle at Bunker Hill, 17 June, 177.">. 

I)a\id Ramsey (brought home sick), died '2 Dec, 177.'». 

Nourse Sawyer, at Crown Point, July, 1770. 

William Shaddock, place not known, died 30 June. 1777. 

Isaac Stearns, at Crown Point, Jidy, 1776. 

Capt. Hen jamin Taylor, at Medford, Mass., Feb., 1776. 

('apt. Archelaus Towne, at Fishkill, N. Y., Nov., 177!'. 

.Jonathan Towne, at Crown Point, .July, 1776. 

William Tuck, died of disease, time and place not known. 

Aaron Upton, at Worcester, Mass., Dec, 1776. 

Daniel Weare, at Crown Point, July, 177<i. 

Capt. Daniel Wilkins, jr., at Crown Point, .July, 1776. 

Sylvester Wilkins, at Kaston, Pa., 20 Sept., 1779. 

William Henry Wilkins, at Yellow Springs, Pa., 22 June, 1778. 

Levi Woodbury, a prisoner of war in England; date not known. 

Kben Wincol Wright, at Winter Hill, N'ov., 177.5. 

MEETING or REVOH'TIOXAIiV SOl.DIERS, AT AMIIKKST, 
4 .TrLV,lS20. 

Wo find the following tu'count of this meeting in tho 
Farmers' Cabinet: 

" A special session of the Court of Common Plea,s was held in this 
town, 4 July, 1.S20, to receive the ai>plications of the surviving officers 
and soldiers of tlie Revolution, for pensions under the law then re- 
cently pa.ssed by Congress. 

About one hundred and forty of the \fterans appeared, some of 
them jiinched with poverty and worn out with tlie lal)ors of life; 
others were bowed to the earth with age and infirmities, and tiieir 
claims to the nation's gratitude seemed to be stamjied u|i<in their 
wasted forms. 

Many who had been companions in camp met. whose faces tlie fur- 
rows left by time had so greatly altered that they «lid not recognize 
one another, and, aft<»r their acquaintance wa.s renewed, s])ent the 
time during the session of the court, in rehearsing tiieir adventures 
during the times that tried men's .souls. 

At twelve o'clock they assendiled on tlie conimon, at tiie roll of tlie 
<lriini, and formed a line of about one hundred persons, the one on the 



408 HISTORY OP^ AMHERST. [Chap. 

right niuty-uine years old, inarching with the precision of a man 
of fifty years. 

Capt. Zaccheus AV'ilson, of New Ipswich, acted as commander. 
After marching round the common, to the music of the life and drum, 
played by some of their numl)er, they arrived at the residence of Hon. 
Clifton Claggett, where they halted, and sent a committee of theii* 
number to request his attendance. 

On his appearance IMr. Nathaniel Martin, in behalf of himself and 
his fellow-soldiers, thanked the Judge for his efforts in Congress to 
secure the pittance which had finally been awarded to them. 

To this address Judge Claggett made an appropriate reply, and con- 
cluded by inviting them to jaartake of some refreshments he had 
caused to be prepared for them. 

At the conclusion of the repast the veterans retired, the forty-fourth 
anniversary of the Declaration of Independence having been to them 
truly a red-letter day." 

About seventy of the survivhig soldiers of the Revolution 
met in this place, 18 Nov., 1825, for the purpose of petition- 
ing Congress to grant them some further compensation for 
their services in the war of Independence. 

Thirty-four Revolutionary soldiers attended the celebra- 
tion of the Declaration of Independence at Nashua, 4 July, 
1835. Of these, Joseph Crosby, aged 82, Hugh Moore, aged 
69, and Ephraim Goss, aged 69, were from Amherst. 

Pensions were finally granted to the surviving widows of 
Revolutionary soldiers, and the following is a list of the 
persons returned in the census of 1840, residing in Am- 
herst, who were at that time receiving pensions for services 
rendered by themselves or others, in the war of the Rev- 
olution, with the age of each : 

Mrs. Hannah Bills, 73 years ; for her husband, Ebenezer Bills. 

Joseph Crosby, 87. 

Benjamin Damon, 79. 

David Fisk, 83. 

Ephraim Goss, 74. 

Mary Howard, 72. 

Nathan Kendall, H5. 

Mrs. Mary Leavitt, 75 ; for her husband, Joseph Leavitt. 

Thomas Melendy, 91. 

John Purple, 97. 



XX.] frontip:r war. 1791. 4<)1» 



CHAPTER XX. 

FRONTIER WAR, 1794. 

ANTICIPATED WAR WITH FRANCE, 1798. 

WAR WITH GREAT BRITAIN, 1812. 

PROVISION MADE BY CONGRESS FOR THE DEFENCE OF THE COUN- 
TRY, 1794. — ACTION OF THE TOWN IN REGARD TO FILLINCJ 

THE yUOTA OF SOLDIERS CALLED FOR. A RECRUITING 

OFFICE OPENED IN 1798. BOUNTY OFFERED T(J VOLUNTEERS. 

THE WAR WITH GREAT BRITAIN, 1812-15. — SOLDIERS FROM 

■ AMHERST. MILITIA MEN AT PORTSMOUTH, lSl4. OFFICERS 

OF THE HOME (iUARDS, OCTOBER, 1814. 

In view of the unsettled state of affairs at home and 
abroad, an act was passed by Congress, in Ai»ril. 1794, pro- 
viding for the raising of a regiment of artillery, and for de- 
tailing 80,000 tnen from the militia, in ease llieir services 
were reiiuired for the defence of the country. 

In the warrant for a town meeting, 8 Dec. 1794, is fdund 
the following article: 

" Whereas tliere i.s a certain number of men re<|unsted from the 
town of Amherst, to be enlisted and in readiness to march at a mo- 
ment's notice, in the defence of their country, if needed. And as tlie 
encouragement given by Congress is thought by some to be insuHi- 
cient for the purpose, therefore to see if the town will make any 
addition thereto, or grant them sucli a bounty as may be sulficieiit for 
the purpose." 

On thislho town voted to make up to tiie soldit'i-s who 
enlisted as minute men, seven dollars per month, witli the 
pay given by Congress, while they were in actual service, 
and two dollars as a bounty, one of which .should be paid 



410 HISTORY OF AMHERST. [Chap. 

when they enlisted, and the other when they passed mns- 
ter. 

A probable war with (ireat Britain, the " whiskey insur- 
rection " in western Pennsylvania, and the war then raging 
in Ohio with the western Indians, were the causes of these 
Avarlike preparations. 

Happily these troubles were all soon adjusted, and the ser- 
vices of the volunteers were not called for. Xo record now 
remains of their names. 

Volunteers were called for to serve in the anticipated 
war with France, in 1798, and the town, at a meeting 26 
March of that year, voted to give sucli soldiers as enlisted, 
in this town's quota of eighty thousand men, one dollar 
each when they enlisted, and to make up their wages to ten 
dollars per month while they were in actual service. 

A recruiting office was opened here 15 August, 1798, and 
the company enlisted in this and the adjoining towns 
formed a part of the sixteenth regiment, of which Rufus 
Graves was colonel. The difficulties with France were set- 
tled by negotiation, and the services of the volunteers were 
not required. The record of their names can not now be 
given. 

THE WAR WITH OREAT BRITAIN, 1812-1815. 

The long series of outrages against the citizens and gov- 
ernment of the United States, committed by the agent's of the 
British government ; the insults to the national flag and the 
national ships ; the seizure and impressment of American 
citizens into the British navy ; the seizure and condemnation 
of American merchant vessels ; the encouragement secretly 
or openly given the savage tribes in the west in their at- 
tacks upon the settlers on the American frontiers, led to 
the enactment of laws, by the Congress of the United States, 
for the preservation of the peace between the countries, and 
these failing of the desired effect, to the Declaration reluc- 
tantly passed by Congress, 18 June, 1812, that " War exists 



XX.] wAi; WITH (;i{f:at iumtain, i.si2-i:>. 411 

between the Tiiited lvinir<l<>m of (ireat JJritaiii and Ireland, 
and the dejiendencies thereof, and the Tnited States and 
their territories." 

The reeord of the enlistments in^the retinlar army foi- 
the war of 1S12 are in the i>osscssioii of tiie War Dcjiart- 
mejit, at Washington, and not accessible to the j)ultlic. The 
names of some who enlisted from Andierst are, however, 
remembered. 

Capt. Tnrner Crooker, at that time a resident in tliisti>wn, 
o])ened a recruiting oltice on the Plain, 'Jt! Si*j»t., 1<S12. He 
was at that time a cajjtain of the 9th regiment V. S. in- 
fantry. After the close of the war he was retained on the 
peace establishment, with the brevet rank of major. 

John Dodge, jr., enlisted and returned at the close of his 
term of service. He afterward removed to Vermont. 

John Dutton enlisted and served on the northern fron- 
tier. 

Samuel Dntton served on the northern frontier. 

Timothy Dutton also served on the northern frontier. 
He died at French's Mills in 1813. 

David Hartshorn served one year on the northern fron- 
tier. 

Joseph riartshorn served one year in Vermont and New 
V(jrk, in the '20th infantry. He is now(18S2) living, the 
last survivor, so far as known, of the .Vmherst men who 
served in the war of 1S12. 

Josej)h Low was 2d lieutenant in the 1st regiment N. 11. 
Vols. On the reorganization of the regiment he was ap- 
pointed j)ayniaster of the 4oth regiment V. S. \'ols. 

Peter Melendy eidisted in lsD5, served a short time in 
northern Vermont, as lieutenant in a regiment of infantry. 
This commission h.e resigned, and was shortly after ap- 
l»ointed a lientenaut in the artillery service, and ordered to 
Fort Constitution, where he remained until near the tiim^ of 
his death, 15 May, 1823. 



412 HISTORY OF AMHERST. [Chap. 

Jacob Pike had enlisted in 1801t, and served through the 
war. 

Jolin Purple served througli the war as a drummer. 

Robert Purple, his brother, enlisted and died in the service. 

John Stewart, and his son Jolin Stewart, jr., also enlisted. 
The latter served as a drummer-boy. 

John Warner was sergeant in a company of infantry, and 
died at Sackett's Harbor in 1814. He was son of Colonel 
Daniel Warner. 

Others doubtless enlisted in the regular army, of whom 
we have at present no account. 

At a meeting, 11 Oct., 1814, the town voted to raise two 
hundred dollars to be appropriated for ammunition for the 
militia, and other inhabitants of the town of Amherst, and 
the selectmen were constituted a committee to purchase the 
same, 

7 Sept., 1814, detachments from twenty-three regiments 
of the state militia were ordered to hold themselves in readi- 
ness to march for the defence of Portsmouth, then threat- 
ened with an attack from a British fleet, cruising near by, 
and on the ninth they were ordered to march. The quota 
furnished by the town of Amlierst was a part of the regi- 
ment commanded by Col. Nat Fisk, of Westmoreland and, 
consisted of 

Josiah Converse, captain. Daniel Oilman, 

Samuel Leonard, ) Jonathan Howard, 

Luther Elliott, > ' * ' "' Benjamin Jewell, jr., 

Stephen B. French, } - -, -ni • John M. Kuhn, 

Joseph Hartshorn, ^ Samuel jVL Livingston, 

David Elliott, Benjamin Peak, jr., privates. 
David Fisk, 3d, 

They were mustered into service 16 Sept., 1814, and 
served three months. 

Anotlier detachment of the militia was drafted for the 
defence of Portsmouth, which was mustered in, 27 Sept., 
1814, and served sixty days. The following soldiers from 



XX.] WAR WITH GUEAT BRITAIN, 1812-1."). 413 

Amherst served in Col. Steel's regiment, in the company 
commanded by Capt. James T. Treavitt, of Mont Vernon: 

Robert Ixcad, ruMitoniuit. Israel Fariiuin, 

Leonard 'I'. Nichols, } . .fames II. (Jrater, 

' r sergeants. . ' 

Samuel Stevens, ) Timotiiy Hartshorn, 

.lohn Annis, Maiistield Kin<4', privates. 

Samuel Converse, jr.. 

About fifty citizens of the (own, wlio were exempted from 
the ]K'rf()i'ui;iiu'e of military duty, by the uiilitia law. met at 
the house of Caj)t. Theoplulus I'age, 10 Oct., lsl4,and formed 
a company of "Home (Jnards." The otlicers of this organi- 
zation were 

Jedediali K. Smitli, eaptaiii. .lolm Si'comlx', "Jd lieutenant. 

Timothy Danforth, 1st lieutenant. 

A committee was ciiosen at this meeting to draft regida- 
tions for the government of the company, who reported at 
a subsecpient meeting, and the company met several times 
for drill. The close of the war, shortly after, obviated the 
necessity for the continuance of the organization, and the 
comoaiiy was disbanded. 

The war was brought to a close by a treaty signed at 
Ghent by the rei)resentatives of the contending i)owers, 1^3 
Dec, 1814. Before the news of its conclusion h;id rraclird 
this country, the battle of New Orleans was fought, S Jan., 
1S15, where the lesson taught the British regulars, nearly 
lifty years before, by the descendants of the ^[assachnsetts 
Puritans, and Scotch-Irish settlers, of Londonderry, from 
the fort and behind the rail fence, on Bunker Hill, was re- 
jteated by the Kentucky riflemen from behind the cotton 
l)ales on the field of Chalmette. 



414 ^ HISTORY OF AMHERST. [Chap. 



CHAPTER XXI. 

THE CIVIL WAR, 1861-1865. 

PROCEEDINGS IN THE SOUTHERN STATES SUBSEQUENT TO THE 

ELECTION OF MR. LINCOLN. THE CAPTURE OF FORT SUMTER. 

MEETING OF THE CITIZENS OF AMHERST AND ITS PR0CP:ED- 

INGS. A soldiers' AID AND HOME RELIEF SOCIETY FORMED. 

NAMES OF YOUNG MEN WHO FIRST ENLISTED FOR SERVICE. 

PROCEEDINGS OF THE TOWN. A COMMITTEE APPOINTED TO 

FURNISH ASSISTANCE TO THE FAMILIES OF SOLDIERS. THE 

SELECTMESf DIRECTED TO ASSIST THE FAMILIES OF SOLDIERS. 

BOUNTIES OFFERED YOLUXTEER^. MILITARY EXPENSES 

OF THE TOWN DURING THE WAR. PROCEEDINGS IN REGARD 

TO BUILDING A SOLDIERS' MONUMENT. — INSCRIPTION UPON THE 

' MONUMENT. NAMES OF SOLDIERS AND SAILORS FROM AM- 

f 

HERST WHO WERE ENGAGED IN THE WAR. NAMES OF VETER- 
ANS WHO RE-EXLISTED. NAMES OF SUBSTITUTES. 

The election of Mr. Lincoln to the presidency was fol- 
lowed by the formal secession of several of the Southern 
States from the Union, and the withdrawal of their senators 
and most of their representatives from the National Con- 
gress. 

President Buchanan, a state's rights man, " knew 
of no power in the General Government to coerce a sov- 
ereign State," and took no eifectual measures to protect the 
national property in the seceding States. 

A National Government was formed by the seceded 
States in February, 1861, under the name of tlie " Confed- 
erate States of America." 



XXI.] THK CIVIL WAR. 41.") 

Acting under the instructions of the Seci'ctary of War 
of this government, the surrender of Fort Sumter, a for- 
tress of the United States, commanding the entrance to the 
city of Charleston, South Carolina, was demanded of the 
officer in coniniand. Compliance with tiie demand l)eing 
refused, an armed force of South Carolinians lired upon the 
fort, and, after a short siege, captured it. 

The power of the General Ciovernment being thus deru'd, 
its flag insult('(l. and its pr()i)erty taken l)y force, ['resident 
Lincoln called for a force of 75,000 volunteers to aid in 
putting down the rebellion and enforcing the laws of the 
Union. Under these circumstances a public meeting of the 
citizens of tin' lowu was held, 22 April, 18(31, to exj^ress 
their sentiniciits in regard to the oveuts tlicn transpiring in 
the country. 

Barnabas IJ. Havid was called to the chair, and upon 
taking it announced the (object of the meeting, and plcilged 
his all in supj)ort of the national cause. 

Prayer was then oilercd by Rev. J. (J. Davis. 
Kemarks and jiatriotic speeches were then made by sev- 
eral prominent citizens of the town, and resolutions, pledgr- 
ing the lives, fortunes, and sacred hon.':i', of those present to 
the support of the cause of the country, were adopted. 

A Finance Committee was appointed, to secure and dis- 
burse contributions for the support of the families of those 
who volunteered to light the battles of the country, and it 
was voted to raise the pay of the volunteers from Amherst 
to eighteen dollars per month, and furnish each one with a 
Colt's revolver. 

Fourteen young men came l\)rward and offered their ser- 
vices as soldieis. 

A Home Cuard was formed, which met for sonu> time 
for the pui'posc of drill. 

The Amherst Soldiers' Aid and Home Relief Society was 
organized in 1861, and closed its work in November, 1805. 
DnriuLMts existence, ukjucv to the amount of ^SIT.'.'O liad 



416 HISTORY OF AMHERST. [Chap. 

been collected for the use of the society, and articles distrib- 
uted to the amount of 11,286.35, the excess being in labor, 
wearing apparel, and other articles contributed. I 

Names of soldiers who were furnished with revolvers : 

Jesse Barretj George W. George, Henry S. Ober , 

Taylor W. Blunt, (ieorge P. Griswold, Daniel A. Peabody, 

Rodney Burdick, Newton T. Hartshorn, Charles H. Phelps, 

Frank Chickering, Henry H. Manning, George W. Russell, 

James B. David, Reuel (r. Manning, William W. Sawtelle, 

John M. Fox, Alfred L. Moore, George Vose. 



PROCEEDINGS OF THE TOWN. 



1 June, 1861, 



" Voted to raise a sum of money not exceeding !f2,000, and author- 
ized the selectmen to borrow such portion thereof as might be thought 
necessary, and give the note of the town for the repayment of the 
same, said money to be placed at the disposal of a committee appoint- 
ed at a citizens' meeting, which committee was required to furnish 
necessary assistance to the families of any men who had enlisted 
from this town, for a longer period than three months, or to the fami- 
lies of such person or persons as may hereafter enlist from this town 
during their services as soldiers to sustain the Government and laws 
of our country." 

The committee consisted of Perley Dodge, Charles H. 
Campbell, Edward D. Boylston, Charles Richardson, and 
Francis P. Fitch. 

10 October, 1861. The committee presented a report of 
their proceedings, which was accepted by the town, and, 
after paying the balance remaining in their hands into the 
town treasury, they were discharged from further service. 

Their receipts, as reported, have been $992.21, of which 
$92.21 was received from the State. 

They had expended, in aid of the soldiers' families, -173.00 

Paid the soldiers' extra pay voted, 397.72 

Paid for revolvers for 18 volunteers, and incidentals, 240.90 

.1711.62 



XXL] THE CIVIL WAR. 417 

At this meeting tlie town 

"' Voted unanimously to re-affirra and sanction the vote passed at its 
last meeting to compensate soldiers enlisted by the state, or who might 
so enlist to serve in the army of the Tuited States, and to provide 
for the families of said soldiers, and raise money therefor as author- 
ized by the act relating to that subject approved 4 July, 1861. 

" Voted to continue to assist the families of such soldiers, to the 
amount to be repaid by the State, as provided in the act aforesaid, and 
in case of sicicness or otiier casualties haitpening in such fauiilies, the 
selectmen are empowered and directed to render thcni such finlii<'r 
aid as in their judgment they may require." 

" Voted, that the selectmen be a committee to transact all luture 
business in relation to the soldiers and their families, in accordaiice 
with the law passed at the last session of the legislature." 

11 ]\!;ir(li. 1S(^2. 'J'lie sclectiiien reported that \]\(^y had 
received ¥447.4^5, which they had paid out: 

For extra pay and service of one volunteer, $18.00 

Paid families of volunteers, agreeably to act of 4 July', 1861, 414.00 
And they had charged for their services and expanses, 15.45 

wliich amount the State, according to the provisions of the 
act passed 4 July, 1861, is obliged to refund to the town, 

12 August, 1862. 

'' Voted unanimously to pay a bounty of '"^150 each to those persons, 
residents of Amherst prior to the passage of this vote, who liave 
already enlisted, or may hereafter enli.st, in this town, under the call 
of the President for 300,0>10 more men to serve three years, or during 
the war, provided they enlist as a part of the quota r)f this town on 
or before the expiration of the time allowed by the (iovernment be- 
fore drafting, and said bounty shall be paid by the selectmen of said 
town as soon as said persons are nmstered into the service of the I'nited 
States; and the said selectmen are hereby authorized to borrow such 
sum or sums of money as may be necessary for that purpose, and bind 
tiie town by note, or otherwise, for the payment of the same." 

20 August, 1862. 181 persons, between the ages of 18 
and 45 years, were enrolled in town, of whom 46 were e.\- 
empted from the draft for various causes ; of the remainder, 
17 Jiad enlisted into <h<' army. 

23 August, 1862. 

•' Voted to pay ^15) bounty to each person, resident in Amherst, 
who enlisted and was mustered into the .ser\'ice of the rnit<»d Stat«s^ 
27 



418 HISTORY OF AMHERST. [Chap. 

to fill tlie quota of the town under a call for 300,090 nine-months' 
men, and that aid be extended to their families in the same manner 
it Is done to the families of tliose who have volunteered for three 
years." 

27 August, 1862. 

" Voted that every person recently enlisted be authorized to serve as 
a recruiting officer, and that they receive the usual fee rendered for 
such service, the same to be paid by the town." 

27 August, 1862. Charles H. Campbell and Horace A. 
Clark were appohited a committee to iuvite Col. George 
Bowers and Col. A. F. Stevens to address the citizens at the 
next meeting (29th), and if their services could not be ob- 
tained the committee were authorized to procure other 
si)eakers. 

29 August, 1862. Capt. Hapgood and Messrs. Bruce and 
Harden addressed the citizens and received the thanks of 
the meeting. 

1 September, 1863. 

''Voted to pay as bounty to the militia of tliis town, who may be 
drafted into the service of the United States, the sum of -^SOO each, 
or the same to the substitutes of such drafted men, agreeably to the 
act of the legislature approved 10 July, 186:», and authorized the 
selectmen to procure the money necessary for that purpose by borrow- 
iiig, their signatures to notes for the same to be binding upon the 
town." 

At a meeting held 1 December, 1863, the proceedings of 
the selectmen, in filling the town's quota of the last call for 
300,000 men, were approved, and thev were authorized to 
complete the quota in such a manner as in tlieir opinion 
would be most advantageous to the town, and hire money 
on the credit of the tow^n to pay the necessary expeitses. 

29 June, 1S64, the town voted to pay veteran soldiers, who 
had re-enlisted and had assigned themselves to this town as a 
part of its quota, tlie sum of -$100 each. 
■ ^-'William A. Mack was chosen a committee to put in vol- 
uiifecrs'to till the quota of this town to answer the next 
draft, " without any regard to price whatever," and the 



XXL] TIIH CIVIL WAI!. 419 

selectiuen were aiitliori/AHl to raise the sum of •'^0,000 to 
defray expenses. 

27 August, 18()4, the town voted to pay tliose iiieii wtio 
enlisted for one year as a part of the (|Uota of tliis town, 
the sum of !t!300 ; to those who enlisted for two years, the 
sum of •ii'400 : and to those who enlisted for three years, the 
sum of $500 each (in adilition to the State and National 
bounties oi'fei'cd ), and Noted to I'aise -flO^OCO to [lay their 
bounties. 

20 Decemljcr, 1<S64, voted to refund to those wlio have 
furnished substitutes the amount exceeding 8200 they have 
paid for that purpose: vrted also to })ay -iJfoOO, and advance 
the State bounty to all who sliall put in substitutes to (ill 
the town's ipiota under the call fen- 500,000 men; and Wil- 
liam A. Mack was appointed to act as agent for the town 
in lining its (pu)ta. 

.Military cxiiciiscs of the town during the ci\il war. as 
rc|)ortc(l by 1 he selectmen : 

Prior to .March. 1^(52, 81.263.0.5 

From March, 1S02, to .Ahucli, 1803, . . . 1l'.( !)i).72 

'• " 1.^03, " " 1804, . . . 13. .J o.."Mi 

IS'M, •' " 1805, . - . 21.Mj(5.L>() 

180.5, •■ • 1806, . . . 1,302.23 



i?5.),l (87.70 



A lai'ge jjortion of the al)o\e was repaid l)y the State and 
United States. 

10 ^larch, 1808, the selectmen were antlnu-i/ed to expend 
a smn not exceeding -'ii'^OO in building a soldiers' monu- 
ment. 

30 ^lay, iSdt), the selectmen aiijiointed 11 irrison Haton 
a committee on tlie construction of a soldiers' monument. 

August, 1870, J. r>yroii Fay, Kdward D. IJoylston, ami 
Charb's Richardson, were appointed a committee to ascer- 
tain the cost of a suitable m uiinnent to commemorate the 
soldiers from Amherst who lost their lives in the civil war. 



420 



HISTORY OP AMHERST. 



[Chap. 



At an adjourned meeting, held 6 September, 1870, the com- 
mittee reported in favor of erecting a monument similar to 
the one recently erected in Peterborougii, the cost of which 
they estimated at $4,000. The report was accepted, but ac- 
tion upon its recommendation was^postponed until the next 
annual meeting. 

14 March, 1871, Harrison Eaton, J. Byron Fay, and John 
F. Whiting, were appointed a committee to locate and erect 
a soldiers' monument, and the style or character of the 
monument, and the time of erecting it, was left to their dis- 
cretion. 

It was voted to appropriate the sum of $3,000, in addition 
to the sum left by the late Aaron Lawrence, Es(i., toward 
its erection. 

The granite base of the soldiers' monument on the Plain 
was quarried from a bowlder found on land owned by Levi 
J. Secomb, Esq. The bronze figure of a soldier was placed 
upon it i> December, 1871. 

At the same time the bronze tablet,^bearing the follow- 
ing inscription, was inserted : 



IX HONOR OF 

OI^R CITIZEX SOLDIERS. 

1861-1865. 



William W. Sawtelle, 2d Reg't 

James W. Patterson, " " 

Fiiield II. Messer, " " 
Henry S. Ober, 4th 

Thomas L. Gilpatrick, " " 

Charles H. Phelps, .")th " 

Edward Vose, " " 

John L. Kendall, " " 

Charles A. Damon, " " 

William Few, 7th " 

Edwin Benden, 8th " 

Joseph F. Johnson, " " 

Albert Noyes, " " 

Charles A. B. Hall, 9th " 



James Blanchard, lOth Reg't. 

Samuel Corliss, 

George B. Sloan, 

Eli S. Gutterson, 

Robert Gray, 

George A. McChier, 

George A. Pedrick, 

John X. ]\Iace, 

Charles S. Parkhurst, 

Lyman B. Sawtelle, 

Martin P. Weston, 1st Reg't 

N. H. Heavy Artillery. 
Frank H. Holt, 47tli Penn. 



XXI.] 



A.MIlKitST MKN IN TIIK ( IViL W Ali 
I KICTKD 1>71 

iiv riii: TOWN oi .\Mm:i:>T, 

ASSISTKI) I'.V A I.I- (I \( ^ 

1 i:i>.M 

AAKdN I.AWUKNCK, !;><;. 



421 




A meeting was held ol May, 1872, " to see if the town 
would vote to dedicate the Soldiers' Monument," hut the ar- 
ticle in \\\v warrant lor that j»ur{)ose was dismissed, 47 to 
42. At another meetinu', held 17 June, 1872, the town 
voted "to dedicate the Soldiers' Mjnument." hut no steps 
have hccn tiikt'n to caiiy the vote into etVect, iiiid th'- monu- 
ment has never hecu t'ornr.illv diMliciiteil. 



SOLDIERS AND SAILORS FROM AMHFMIST IS THF CIVII. WAR. 

ISGl-lsi;.-,. 

Three-months' men that went to Poitsniouth in Ciipt. 
CiUis's Company, April. 1861. 



Jesse Barrett, 
Taylor W. Hlnnt. 
Kodnev W. liiirdick. 



Josejili F. C'aily, 
Frank Chickeriir. 
James B. David. 



422 



HISTORY OF AMHERST. 



[Chap. 



John M. Fox, 
(jeorge W. George, 
(Jeovge P. (iriswokl, 
Keuel (j. Mixuuing, 



Alfred L. ]Moore, 
(ieorge W. Kussell, 
William W. Sawtelle. 



Of the above those who cleeliiicd to enlist for three years 
returned home 13 Jul}', 18G1, havino' received a discharge. 



THREE YEARS MEN. 



SECOND ItEOIMKXT. 

Jolm ^I. Fox, 
Fifield IT. Messer, 
William W. Sawtelle. 

TIIIKD KECIMKXT. 

Rodney W. Ikirdick, 
George W. ParkhiU'st, 
James Kj'an. 

KOTRTH KECa.MEXT. 

Charles F. Crookev, 
Albert Fletcher, 
Thomas L. (iilpatrick, 
John G. Love joy, 
Henry H. Manning, 
Samuel H. Ober, 
George W. Osgood, 
"William D. Stearns, 
George H. Upton. 

FIFTH KEGIMKNT. 

John Boodro, 
James B. David, 
Edson Davis, 
Charles A. Damon, 
Joseph B. Fay, 
George W. (ieorge, 
Charles E. Ilapgood, 
John L. Kendall, 
Henry A. Nichols, 
Daniel A. Peabody, 
Charles H. Phelps, 
Lyman B. Sawtelle, 
Edward Vose, 



(4eorge Vose, 
Frederick A. Wilson. 

SEVENTH REGIMENT. 

-losiali Colburn. 

EKiHTH REfilMENT. 

Jesse Barrett, 
Edwin Bend'u, 
elames L. Hardy, 
Joseph A. Johnson, 
Albert Xoyes. 

NINTH REGIMENT. 

Robert E. Ben den, 
Charles A. Hale, 
Bartholomew Ryan. 

TENTH RE(;iMENT. 

(ieorge F. Aiken, 
Albert S. Austin, 
James Blanchard, 
Thomas Broderick, 
Joseph A. Brown, 
Lawrence Cooley, 
Samuel "W. Corliss, 
George E. Crooker, 
Jeremiah Crowley, 
Thomas Doyle, 
Robert (jray, 
Eli S. (Jutterson, 
Charles F. Hall, 
Robert Harrison, 
George E. Heath, 
Peter Levin, 
George A. McClure, 
John N. Mace, 



XXL] 



AMHERST .MKN IN THE CIVIL WAR. 



423 



Tlioiiias O'Coiinell, 
Charles X. Parkhurst, 
James W. ratterson, 
rjeorge A. I'edrick, 
Jolin 1). IV.liick, 
James A. Pliill)rick, 
fn'orn'c ^^^ Kussell, 
Joliu Shea, 
Joshua A. Skinner, 
James K. Stearns, 
George I>. Sloan, 
Horace Lawrence, 
Cliarles C. Twiss. 

IIKAVV AUril.M-RV. 

Albert E. Boutell, 
Charl.-s K. Flint, 
Hdwin I\. Ivoujuly, 
William F. Kussdl, 
Charles II. Sjicparil, 
Nathan T. Taylor, 
William E. Wallace, 
.Martin P. AVeslon. 

N. H. HATTERY. 

Edmund E. Hnllard, 
Hiohard Mahar. 
Hryant II. .Melendy. 

SHARI'SHOOTKRS. 

Charles I'pton. 



IX MAS.SACHUSKTT> l< l,<, 1 M (-.NTS. 

Charles Hastings, 
Josejih Petten;,^ill, 
Warren S. Russell. 

20th xi;\v YOKK i{i:(;iMKN T. 
Michael Welsh. 

Ith PENXSYI.VAMA Ki;(;i M KNT. 

Frank II. Holt. 

U. S. EXGIXEKKt;. 

Newton T. Hartshorn. 

U. S. XAVY. 

John II. Clark, 
Henry A. Fletcher, 
Charles Chainpuey, 
Xelson D. Gould, 
Patrick Moran, 
George N. Wheeler. 

RE-EXI,ISTI:D AFTKU TUKKK YKAKS' 
SERVICE. 

Edward E. Benden, 
Rodney W. Burdick, 
John G. Lovejoy, 
Albert Noyes, 
James Ryan, 
George H. I'pton, 
George W. I'pton. 

rOST HAXD AT HII.TOX UI'.AU. 

A\'arren S. Rus.sell, 
David F. Thompson. 



The I'ollowiuo- citizens of Ainlierst fiiniislied substitutes: 



lb. His E. Abbott. 
Noah P. Batchelder. 
Ib-nry R. Boutell, 
James C. Boutell, 
Luther Coggin, jr., 
Perley W.\)odg(>, 
John Fletcher, 
Butler P. Flint, 
Charles E. Grater, 
John Iladlock, 



Joseph F. Hanson, 
Reuben W. Ilarradon. 
Frank Hartshorn, 
.Vsa Jaipiith, jr., 
Ebenezer Jafpiith, 
.\ndrew L. Kiilder, 
Charles H. Kinson. 
Stephen McGaiTey, 
William ^lelendy, 
George W. Parker, 



424 



HISTORY OF AMHERST. 



[Chap. 



Heiuy M. Parker, Daniel C. Shirley. 

James S. Parkhurst, Daniel W. Trow, 

Solomon Prince, Joseph P. Trow, 

Albert A. Rotch, George W. Upham, 

George J. Savage, ^ John F. Whiting, 

Andrew F. Sawyer, Samuel Wilkins. 
Chester Shipley, 

Names of substitutes, so far as ascertained : 



Charles Baursturn, 
Pierre Boyleau, 
William Brown, 
John Caten, 
Ira Clark, 
George Farley, 
John Fox, 
George Fray, 
Charlers Groht, 
John Harris, 
Benjamin F. Hinds, 
Edward Hogan, 



Thomas Jones, 
Alexander Miller, 
Hiram F. Morton, 
James O'Bi'ien, 
Daniel O'Neill, 
Christian Peterson, 
Charles A. Eogers, 
Owen L. Rouse, 
Edward Rupel, 
William Thompson, 
Louis Walter, 
Joseph ^Vrig■ht. 



Of tlie above substitutes, nine are reported as liaving- de- 
serted, one was killed at Cold Harbor, and two Avere 
wounded. 



XXIl.] TlIK MILITIA. 425 



CIIAPTEK XXIL 

THE MILITIA. 

COMPANY TRAININGS AND RFGIMENTAL MUSTERS. — THE FIFTH 
RKGIMENT, 1792. — FORMATION OF THE ARTILLERY AND CAV- 
ALRY COMPANIES. — COMPANY TRAININGS IN AMHER.ST, SEPT. 
1807. — REPORTS OF REGIMENTAL MUSTERS FROM THE "CABI- 
NET." — MA.IOR DUDLEY. — MILITIA COMPANIES IN AMHERST. — 
THE LAFAYETTE RIELEMEN, AND THEIR COMMISSIONED OFFI- 
CERS. — CAPTAINS OF THE AMHERST MILITIA PRIOR TO 1786. 

CAPTAINS OF " OLD EAST" SINCE 1786. CAPTAINS OF THE 

u ^vkst" COMPANY. — CAPTAINS OF THE SECOND PARISH COM- 
PANY, 178G-1804. — OFFICERS of the SOUTH-WEST PAR- 
ISH COMPANY, SEPT. 1787. — FIRST OFFICERS OF THE ARTIL- 
LERY COMPANY. — AMHERST MEN WHO HAVE COMMANDED THE 
COMPANY. — COPY OP LIEUTENANT JOSEPH PRINCE's COMMIS- 
SION, 174>). 

A WL'll-(li>;c'i|'liii('(l militia heint; deemed to lie tlu- iiatur;d 
and sure defense of the state, laws were enaeted at an early 
date, ]iruvidii)<»: for the instiuetiou of the citizens in the 
school of the soldier. All liable to do military duty were 
called out twice a year for company training, and once a 
year the C()mj)anies were called togctiier for insi)Cction and 
review, as parts of the regiment. 

These :uinii:il gatlierings of the defenders of the state were attended 
by a crowd of spectators wlio were ex(Mni»ted from the operalion.s of 
the militia law. Veterans who met to relate their exploits on former 
muster-lields. or, perchance, on the fields of deadly strife ; boys, look- 
ing forward to the time when they would be called upon to take part, 
in the all-important proceedings of muster-day ; women ayd children ; 



426 HISTORY OP AMHERST. [Chap. 

peddlers of all sorts of merchandise ; showmen and A'enders of eata- 
bles and drinkables, all were there, and their voices mingled with the 
roll of drums and the piercing notes of fifes made a scene of confu- 
sion and uproar rivalling Babel of old. 

Not unfrequently the jolly god got the better of the doughty heroes 
of the field. " We had a glorious muster, a first rate one," said one of 
them, on his return from the field, " and t judge they will have another 
to-morrow, as I saw a number of soldiers lying on their arms when I 
left the field." 

Amherst being centrally situated, and for a long time the 
largest town in the regiment, was often selected as the place 
of these annnal gatherings. Paraded on the common, with 
the cavalr}' near the court-house, then the artillery and rifle- 
men, the uniformed light-infantry companies, the Milford 
red coats, and the unnniformed infantry companies from the 
various towns included in the regiment, the old "Fifth" 
formed a line extending nearly to Judge Claggett's house, 
and presented an imposing appearance. 

In the office of the Secretary of the State, at Concord, is the following- 
return, made in November, 1792, of the number of officers and men at 
that time included in the regiment. Military service was then re- 
quired of "• all free and able-bodied males between the ages of sixteen 
and forty years." 

Company 1. Dunstable. 

"2. Amherst, 2d parish. 

3. Nottingham AVest, 1st Co. 

4. Merrimack, 1st Co. 

5. Hollis, 1st Co. 

6. Amherst, East Co. 

7. Litchfield. 

8. Hollis, 2d Co. 

9. Amherst, West Co. 
10. Nottingham West, 2d Co. 

.11. Raby. 

12. Merrimack, 2d Co. 

13. Amherst, 3d parish & Mile Slip 

Totals, 13 companies, 

of which Amherst and the ]\Iile Slip contributed 

officers ; total, 283. 



Privates. 


Officers. 


Totals. 


71 


14 


85 


10 


16 


66 


56 


13 


69 


65 


3 


68 


60 


16 


76 


58 


16 


74 


44 


11 


55 


60 


16 


76 


56 


16 


72 


00 


15 


75 


38 


9 


47 


48 


10 


58 


56 


15 


71 


722 


170 


892 


ibuted 22i: 


) privates 


and 63 



XXII.] TlIK MILITIA. 4li7 

In 1794 ail artillery coinpaiiy was oi'ganizrd in llie regi- 
ment, of which Liitlici' Dana, of Amherst, was elected cap- 
tain. A brass lield-pieee, one of llic trophies of Ihe liattlc 
of Bennington, was l)rocured f<>i' i<s nse, which was after- 
ward transferred to the artilleiy conii»any in the Xintli 
regiment, and nsed many years hy the New Boston artillery. 
On the centennial anniversary of the battle, the old gnn, 
which has been christened "Molly Stark," was fii'cd one 
hnndred times in honor of Stark's victory. 

Prior to 1795 a company of cavalry was organi/.iMl in the 
regiment. At the nmster, in 1806, the regiment consisted 
of one company of cavalry, one of artillery, and twelve of 
infantry. It was ins])ected and reviewed at Andierst liy 
Brig -(Jen. Benjamin Pierce and staff. 

The following a<'connt of th(^ fall training, in 1S(i7. has 
been preserved : 

" Caj)!. CaiiiphoH's conipanj' (old East) met at Kcmlall's store at 
nine o'clock in the morning, and, after exercising some time, marched 
to the plain, where they performed the nsnal maneuvers. At one 
o'clock they repaired to Mr. Ball's and took dinner. Capt. Mean.s's 
company (West comjiany) met at one o'clock. At two o'c-lock the 
two companies marched together on the plain. At three o'clock they 
were joined by the Mont Vernon company, commanded In' Capt. 
Thad. Kendall, and the marching and drill of the companies was kept 
up imtil night. The detachment was nnder the command of Capt. 
Camphell, the senior ca])tain. who was mounted. 

In ISlt the regiment nnisterid at Dunstable, where it was insjjected 
and reviewed by Gen. Stetde and staff. In the morning a draft was 
made to till the last (piota called for by the governor to serve at Ports- 
mouth. 'J'he drafted men were disndssed with orders to appear at 
Golfstown the next day, where they were to be joined by the drafted 
men from the other regiments in the brigade, and the wh<>l<r were 
to march in a body to Portsmouth. 

The 5th regiment, commanded 1)y Col. (Jreely, and tlie I'.M, com- 
manded l)y Col. Steele, mustered in Amherst 18 Sept., 1818, and were 
reviewed by Brig. (Jen. Gay and suite. The weather was very favora- 
ble, and the appearance of the troops ha,s seldom been surpassed. 

The 5th regiment mustered in ,\ndierst 12 Sept., 1821. At this 
muster tlie Dunstable cadets and Milford light-infantry gained great 



428 HISTORY OF AMHERST. [Cllfip. 

and merited applause by their soldier-like appearance and the ease 
with which they performed various evolutions, new to most of the 
spectators. 

About this time Maj. Dudley, late of the U. S. Army, 
visited Amherst and some of the neighboring towns, and 
gave instructions in military tactics to classes of young- 
men, which produced a manifest improvement in the appear- 
ance of the militia companies of which they were members. 

The regiment' mustered at Amherst 12 Sept., 1834, and the " Cabi- 
net " remarked that " the general appearance of the troops was 
creditable to the officers and soldiers, but an unusual assemblage of 
peddlers, loafers, rum-drinkers, and gamblers, was present, whose ill- 
conduct was a disgrace to the place, and to all concerned in it." 

A revival of the military spirit took place shortly after this tihie, 
and at the muster in Amherst, 20 Sept., 18 57, three new uniformed 
companies from Nashua, and one from Hudson, appeared on the field, 
and " the regiment never appeared to better advantage." 

His excellency. Gov. Hubbard, and staff, reviewed the regiment at 
Nashua, 27 Sept., 1842. The weather was all that could be desired, 
the troops appeared finely, and the whole aifair passed off very much 
to the satisfaction of all concerned. 

The 5th, 9th, and 22i regiments mustered at Amherst, 27 Sept., 
18.50. The appearance of the troops was creditable, but the attending 
scenes were discreditable. Blacklegs and rowdies abounded, and the 
troops were called upon in one instance to suppress a riot. Mr. Boyl- 
ston remai-ked, " on the whole the muster was a singular compound 
of mud, militia, music, and misery." 

The old militia system, with its trainings, musters, and 
carousals, was abandoned soon after, and the state still lives 
without its ])rotection. 

From 1787 to 1794 the militia of Amherst was divided 
into four companies ; one in the north-west parish, one in 
the south-west parish, and two, the "East" and the " West," 
in the first parish. After the incorporation of Milford and 
Mont Vernon, the ''East" and "West" companies alone 
remained in Amherst. On the formation of the Lafayette 
rifle company, in 1825, the " West" company was disbanded, 
leaving "Old East" the only infantry company in town. 



XXI I.] THK MII.ITIA. 42'.» 

Tlio Lafnycttc i-illc coiupiiny was oru'iini/.cil in January, 
18:^"), and was well sustained for nearly thirty years. It 
was one of the companies ealhMl out to perform oscort duty, 
at the time of President Jackson's visit to Concord, in 1833, 
and the exi)h^its of some of the nieinl)ers at that time, as 
rehitetl liy the "survivors," weic nuirvelous in(h'e(L Its 
coniniissioneil ollicers were 

('liail(.'s IJicliardson, captain, It Jan., lS2o; resigned "22 April, ISl'S. 

Bcnj. V. Aiken, lieutenant, 24 .Jan., 1825; resigned 2-t Jan., 1S27. 

Charles (i. Atherton, ensign, 14 Jan. 1825, lieutenant, 20 .fan., 1827, 
L-aptain, 28 April, ls28; resigned 24 -Ian., is2.'t. 

Samuel B. Melendy, en.sign. 20 Jan., 18J7, lieutenant, 28 Jan., 1828; 
resigned ;il) March, 1829. 

.Miraliain Holmes, captain, ;50 March, 1829; resigned 2() June, ls30. 

.\iiinnal Xoye.s, ensign, 28 April, 1828; resigned 30 March, 1829. 

Alexander H. Converse, lieutenant, 30 March, 1829, captain, 25 Aug.. 
1830; resigned 21 April, 1S;}4. 

George \V. Kletcher, ensign, 3') ^lareli, 1>29, lieutenant, 25 Ami;.. 
1830, captain. 21 April, 1834 ; resigned 13 April, 1835. 

Isaac T. Parker, ensign, 25 Aug., 183); resigned 23 April, 1832. 

Charles 1*. Danforth, ensign, 27 April, 1832; resigned 3 August, 
1S33. 

I>evi J. Secoinhe, lieutenant. 21 .\pril, 1831, eajitaiii, 1:5 .\pril. Is3.") ; 
resigned 13 April, 183S. 

Luther Towne, ensign, 21 April, 18;;i. lieutenant. 14 .\pril, 1835; 
resigned 13 April, 1838. 

Sewall (J. Mack, ensign. 11 .\pril. ls3."), captain. 13 April. 1838; 
resigned (i Feb., 1839. 

Levi Curtis, lieutenant. 13 .\i'ril, 1838, captain, 6 Feb.. 18:{!) ; re- 
signed 30 Dec, 1841. 

Elbridge Hardy, ensign. I'-'i Aj^ril, 1838, lieutenant, tj Feb., is:}!); re- 
signed 30 Dec, IStl. 

Israel Fuller, jr., ensign, (i Feb., 1839, captain, 30 Dec. ls41 ; re- 
.signed 11 April, 1813. 

Peter Carlton, lieutenant, 30 Dec, 1841, captain, 11 April, lst3 : re- 
signed 30 March, 1844. 

Isaac P.Weston, ensign, 30 April, 1>'42, lieutenant. 11 .\pril. 1813. 
captain, 30 March, 1844 ; resigned 2t) Marcli, 1846. 

Renjaniin P. Whiting, ensign, 11 .\pril. ls43. lieutenant, 30 March, ^ 
1841, captain, 2G March, 184(i. 



430 



HISTORY OF AMHERST. 



[Chap. 



Miles Lovejo}^, ensign, 30 March, 184:4, lieutenant, 26 March, 1846; 
resigned 10 May, 1847. 

John Putnam, ensign, 26 March, 1840. 

Captains of the militia companies of Amherst, prior to 1786, so far 
as can be ascertained : 

Joseph Prince, lieut. command'g. William Peabody, 

John P)radford, Robert Read, 

Ephraim liildreth, John Shej)ard, 

Nathan Kendall, Archelaus Towne, 

Hezekiah Lovejoy, Israel Towne, jr. 

tiru Company, 5th Regiment. 

Captains of Amhei-st " East" Cumpauy, since 178(3, with date of 
commission : 

Elijah ]\fansur. 
David Fisk, 3d. 
Luther Melendy. 
Charles Melendy. 
Robert G. Shepard. 
Ebenezer T. Duncklee. 
Thomas M. Harvell. 
Charles H. Campbell. 
Joseph F. Crosby. 

Otii Company, 5tu Regiment. 

Captains of Amherst " West " company : 

1786 Samuel Shepard. 

1793 William Stewart. 

1797 Ebenezer AVakefield. 1815 

1799 Nathaniel Emerson. 1817 

1801 Thomas Whiting. 1821 

1:02 Theophilus Page. 182-4 

1806 David McG. .Means. 



1786 


IMoses Barron. 


1821 


1793 


Jeremiah Hobson. 


1824 


1795 


William Fisk. 


1828 


1797 


.Joseph Nichols. 


1829 


1801 


-John Harvell. 


1834 




Philip Eaton. 


1838 


1805 


Daniel Campbell, jr. 


1844 


1808 


Josiah Converse. 


1846 


1815 


Benjamin P. Brown. 


1818 


1818 


James Bell, lieut. com'd'i^'. 





Amos Elliott. 
Edmund Parker. 
Robert Read. 
Thomas Wilkins. 
Daniel Hartshorn. 
Charles Richardson. 



The company was disbanded in January, 1825. 
2d Company, 5tii Regiment. 

Captains of the " North-west Parish company," from 1786 to the 
incorporation of Mont Vernon, 1803. 



1788 William Bradford, jr. 
1793 ]\Ioses Kimball. 



1799 John Batchelder. 
1803 lieniamin Parker. 



XXIl.J THK Ml 1,1X1 A. -131 

loTii Cdmpany, .")th Ki:<;imkxt. 

The company in tlio soiith-wosl parisli iiicludod the militia in tin*, 
south-west parisli and those in '• I)iixl)urv " and tlic " Mile Slip." It 
was orgaiiizcil in tlic aiitumii of 17>i7, ami the following- ofliccrs were 
commissidiii'd. 1 1 Sept., of that year: 

Joshua Burnham, captain. -lames (iilmore, "Jd lieutenant. 

Benjamin Lewis, 1st lieutenant. Joshua Mooar, ensign. 

C'apt. I'lnriiliani cdntinued in eoinniand of the company until after 
the incorporation of Milford, in 17!) 1. 

The artillery company in the fifth regiment was organized early in 
the summer of 17!' 1. Tiic following otiicers were commissioned 1:5 
June, of that year : 

Luther Dana, of .\ndierst, captain. 

lienjamin Pool, of Ilollis, 1st lieutenant. 

Augustus Lund, of Dunstable, 2d lieutenant. 

Otiier citizens of .\ndierst who commanded the company were 
1807 -John Secombe. 1S16 James Shepaid. 

1810 Peter Patterson. 

The cavalry company was organized about 170 L ami Joseph Per- 
kins, jr., of Amherst, was commissioned as captain, ol) Dec, of that 
year. 

Lt. J()S('|ili Prince was proiialily llic lir.st C'oniiiiaiKh'f of 
tlic militia in Aiuhcrst. lli.s commission, now in the hands 
of ono of his (h'scciKhmts, is as foUows: 

Benning Wentworth, Esq., Capt.-(ien. 

PuovixcK OF ) and Governor-in-Chief in and over His 

New Damps II IKK. ) Majesty's Province of Xew Hampshire. 

in New England, &c. 

To JoKi'pIt Prince, Geiilh inun, Greeting: 

Hy virtue of the Power and Authority in and by His Majesty'.s 
Royal Conunission to Me granted, to be Captain-General, &c., over thi.s 
His ^lajesty's Province of New Hampshire, aforesaid, I do (by these 
Presents), reposing especial Trust and Confidence in your Loyalty, 
Courage, and good Conduct, constitute and appoint You, the said 
Josepii Prince, to be Lieutenant of the Seventh Company in the Sixth 
Regiment of .Militia in the Province aforesaid, whereof -losepli Hlan- 
chard, Esq., is Colonel. 

You are, therefore, carefully and diligently to discharge the Duty of 
a lieutenant connnanding, ordering, and exercising (the men under 



432 HISTORY OF AMHERST. [Cliap^ 

your command) in arms, (as Infantry) Soldiers, and to keep them in 
good Order and Discipline ; hereby commanding them to obey you as 
their Lieutenant, — and yourself to observe and follow such Orders 
and Instructions as you shall from time to time receive from Me, or 
the Commander-in-Chief for the Time being, or other of your Supe- 
rior Officers for His Majesty's Service, according to IVIilitary Rules and 
Disciyiline pursuant to the Trust reposed in you. 

Given under my Hand and Seal at Anns, 

at Portsmouth, the 2d Day of Deceml>er, 

L. S. in the Seventeenth Year of the Keigu of 

His JNIajesty, King George the Second, 

Anno Domini, 1743. 

l^y His Excellency's 

Command, ' B. AVENTWORTH. 

THEODORE ATKINSON, Secretary. 



XXIIL] liUIDGES ACROSS THE SOUIIEGAN. 433 



CHAPTER XXIII. 

^ MISCEIJ.AXKolS .MATTERS. 

BRIDGES ACROSS THE SOUHEGAN. — THE SMALL-POX. — DEALINGS 

WITH THE DO.MESTIC ANIMALS, VOTES IN RELATION TO CROWS 

AM) I'ISH. BURYING-GROUNDS AND TOMBS. ACCIDENTAL 

DEATHS. BELLS AND CLOCKS. — THE PO.ST-OFFICE. TELE- 
GRAPH AND TELEPHONE. NEWSPAPERS. BANKS. SECOND 

NEW HAMPSHIRE TURNPIKE. — PIONEER BRICK-MAKERS. CARD 

MANUEACTORV. THE WHIP BUSINESS. AMHERST SOCIAL 

LIBRARY. THE "FRANKLIN SOCIKTV." THE ''HANDELLIAN 

SOCIETY." — FREE MASONRY. — SOUHEGAN GRANGE. — UNITED 
ORDER OF THE GOLDEN CROSS. — FIRE RECORD. — HUNTERS' EX- 
PLOITS. COLLEGE GRADUATES FROM AMHERST. — ATTORNEYS 

AND PHYSICIANS. — WITCH STORIES. '' CABINET"' CLIPPINGS. 

LOCAL NAMES. 

BRIDGES ACROSS THE SOUIIEGAN. 

9 March, ITGl, the town voted £50, old teuur, to repair 
the bridge across the Souhegan, near Capt. Ehcnezer 
Parker's phicc, in Merrimack. 

15 Ajjril, 1TG8, they voted that in i'liture they wouhl 
maintain one half of each of the three bridges crossing the 
Souhegan. and divided the tdwii into three districts, each 
district to take care of the town's |ir()|iortion of one of the 
bridges. 

At a meeting hehl 17 June, 1T91>, Saniiicl Wiikiiis, Rob- 
ert Means, and Jaeol> Taylor, a (Mminiltce apitointed to 
view the road from Kendriek's bridge to his house, reported 
that it would be very exj)ensivc to wharf against the river 
28 



434 HISTORY OF AMHERST. [Chap. 

SO as to make it sure and safe passing where the road now 
runs, and considering that the bridge would have to be re- 
built soon, they suggested the propriety of examining the 
ground at a point some twenty or twenty-five rods west of 
the present bridge, where they thought a dry and safe road 
might be had at all seasons of the year, with a view of 
changing the direction of the road to that place, and build- 
ing the new bridge on that site. 

After hearing the report, the town voted to continue the 
travel on the road, as now built, for the present, and directed 
the selectmen to examine the ground, and, if they thought 
it advisal)le, to lay out a new road on the route indicated l)y 
the committee. 

16 November, 1801, David Danforth, Lieutenant Timothy iSTichols, 
and JNIr. Jesse Stevens, were appointed a committee to inspect the 
Keirdrick bridge, which they were directed to i^roceed to rebuild as 
soon as they thought it best to do so. The sum of three hundred dol- 
lars was appropriated at this meeting to defray the expense of rel)uild- 
ing the bridge. 

4 November, 181G, the sum of two hundred and fifty dollars was 
voted to defray the expense of repairing the Kendrick bridge. 

3 September, 1825, the sum of three hundred dollars was appropri- 
ated toward paying the expense of rebuilding the Kendrick bridge. 

23 January, 1826, the selectmen were appointed a committee to super- 
intend the erection of a new bridge near Maj. Joseph Fletcher's. 

At the same meeting the selectmen were appointed agents for the 
town to defend the suit brought against it by Henry Clark, on account 
of the failure of the bridge near j\Ir. John Mack's, and at a meeting 
held 4 March, 1826, they were directed to prosecute the appeal claimed 
in said action, at the last term of the Court of Comnion Pleas, and 
cause the same to be tried in the Superior Court. 

A cause for the failure of the bridge may be inferred from the fol- 
lowing item, taken from the Cahinet of 23 Dec., 1830. Loads of a 
similar character were, and had for some time been, quite common : 

" Henry Clark, of New Boston, drew a load from Boston to Amherst, 
this week, with five horses, weighing, including carriage, six tons and 
four hundred pounds." 

The average weight of his horses was 1049 pounds. 

7 November, 1836, a committee was ap]3ointed to inquire into the 
expediency of building a new bridge across Souhegan river, near Capt. 



XX 111.] RRinnES ACROSS THE soriiEr.AN. 435 

Daniel Fletcher's. They were directed to ascertain the jirobable ex- 
pense of hailding a stone bridge; also the expense of a wooden 
bridge; the nature of the ground on which the bridge was to be built; 
the width of the stream; and other particulars necessary to give the 
town a right understanding of the subject, and report at the next 
meeting. 5 December. 183(1, another committee was appointed, who 
were directed to ascertain, as near as possible, the cost of a stone 
bridge; a wooden bridge; or a chain bridge. On the'Jkli of the same 
month the committee reported that a good stone bridge could be built 
for 83501), provided the town would find stone and gi-avel. A good 
wooden bridge they estimated might be built for 81500. They had 
not been able to get much information as to the cost of achain l)ridge, 
but were of opinion that it would be inexpedient to erect one. A 
bridge like the one then in use could be built for §800. Having made 
all the incjuiries in their power, in regard to the cost of the ditfereut 
kinds of bridges, they referred the matter to the town for their deci- 
sion wliich to adopt. 

After hearing the report of the committee, the town voted to build 
a covered bridge, after Towne's patent, the ensuing year, and aiv 
pointed William Melendy, John Secombe, and Samuel (Jos.s, a com- 
mittee to let out the procuring of the materials and superintend the 
building of said bridge. 

The bridge was accordingly built the following year under th-' su- 
perintendence of Mr. Ford Pollard. Its cost, as reported by th''; com- 
mittee, was 8-)0(il.():2. It still stands, after forty-four years' service. 

13 March, 18:39,. lohn Secombe, Samuel (Joss, and Israel Fidler, jr. 
were appointed a committee to examine and report on the condition 
of the bridge near the pauper farm ; the location of the same ; what 
kind of a bridge it was expedient to build in that place; and the proli- 
able cost of the same. 

The town, 3l) March, 1839, voted not to acc<'pt the plan for a bridge, 
reported by the connnittee, but voted to build a stone bridge, and ajv 
pointed William ]\lelendy, Samuel Xutt, and Josiah Russell, a building 
connnittee, and instructed them to ascertain the probable cost of 
building the bridge, and report at .some future meeting. 

13 April, 1839, the town voted to reconsider the vote to bnilil a 
stone bridge; voted not to repair the old l>ri(lj;i'; and, lastly, voted to 
build a stone bridge. 

Voted to adjourn for two weeks, then to meet at this place, at which 
time the connnittee were directed to report a plan for a stone bridge. 

At the adjourned meeting, '27 April, voteil to reconsider the vote to 
build a stone bridge, and appointed Israel Fuller, jr., .Fohn Secombe, 
and Samuel (ioss, a committo' to I'oiitr.ict for the bniMin'jf of a •iid>- 



436 HISTORY OF AMHERST. [Chap. 

stantial wooden bridge, the same to be completed by the 1st of July, 
next, and the committee were directed to avail themselves of the re- 
mains of the old bridge, so far as they might be serviceable in the 
construction of the new one. 

Voted, also, that the furnishing of all lumber required for the new 
bridge be let at auction, to the lowest bidder, and the selectmen 
were authorized to raise, by loan, a sum not exceeding $800 to 
defray the expense of building the bridge. The expense of building 
this bridge was reported, in March, 1840, to have been !$620.18. 

17 September, 1853, a connnittee, consisting of the selectmen, C'apt. 
Daniel Hartshorn and Oliver Carter, was appointed to examine into 
the state of the bridge at the pauper farm, and report at some future 
meeting the probable expense of rebuilding the same with stone or 
wood. 

At a meeting held 1 October, IS.jo, the committee was authorized to 
build such a bridge as they saw fit, but were directed to get proposals 
for building a stone bridge. 

A wooden bridge was built soon after, at an expense of $1310.83. 
At the annual meeting, in March of the following year, the selectmen 
■were instructed to cause the sides of the bridge to be covered, which 
■was done at an expense of i$409.24. ' 

At the annual meeting, in March, 1861, the selectmen were directed 
to make all necessary repairs upon the bridge at the pauper farm. 

At the annual meeting, held in March, 1864, the selectmen were 
authorized to build a new bridge over the river, near the pauper farm, 
should it be for the interest of the town so to do. 

The selectmen accordingly employed i\Ir. Dutton Woods to build 
the bridge, for doing which he was paid s$2000. 

This bridge is now standing and bids fair to do duty for many 
years. 

THE SMALL-POX. 

At a meeting held 20 March, 1780, the town voted that 
their selectmen desire the doctors to desist from inoculating 
with the small-pox, and notify them that they would incur 
the displeasure of the town if they did not desist. 

In answer to a petition of several inhabitants of the town, asking 
that a pest-house might be established for the proper treatment of this 
disease, the town voted, at a meeting held 20 Sept., 1792, "not to suf- 
fer a pest-house, for the accommodation of the small-pox, in the said 
town of Amherst." 



XXIII. ] THE SMALL-POX. 4-}7 

Anotlior application for tlie same purpose was inado shortly after, 
with the same result. 

I'J November, 1702, Rohert Fletcher and others, having be"n inocu- 
lated with the small-pox, Daniel Campbell, Esip, Dea. Samuel Wilkins, 
Samuel Dana, Esq., Nathan Kendall, and Joshua Lovejoy, were ap- 
pointed a committee to examine into their conduct, and to prevent oth- 
ers from doing the same if in their power. 

19 March, 179:5, the committee reported "that they h.ave atteniled 
to that service, and, upon the most careful imiuiry and best information 
obtained, are of opinion that said Fletcher and others, who had the small- 
pox, in this town, the fall past, were highly reprehensible ; but when we 
consider their peculiar suffering, that one sorrowful instance of mor- 
tality happened among them, and others were severely visited with 
the disorder, beside the great expense (greater than usual), we think 
it would be adding afHiction to the atHicted if they should be further 
noticed in the matter; and therefore we recommend the town to pass 
over the offence without any further marks of resentment than to let 
others know that a similar error will not be passed with like lenity." 

The report was read, but we are not informed that any action was 
taken upon it. l'robal)ly the matter was dropped by general con- 
sent. 

'_'!) .January. ISln. At a town meeting held this day, the selectmen 
were authorized to appoint an agent, or agents, to vaccinate, as soon 
as maybe, all the inhabitants of the town who had not had the kineor 
small-pox, and to re-vaccinate all those who may wish it, and where it 
will, in their opinion, give greater security against the small-pox, the 
agent or agents to take such districts, or portions of the town for their 
practice as they can agree upon among themselves. 

The agents were to keep a list of the persons vaccinated, and the num- 
ber of visits they made to each person, and report the same in writing 
to the .selectmen, with the names of those, if any, who, at the time of 
making their report, they have reason to believe have had neither the 
kine nor small-pox ; which report the selectmen were to lay before 
tlie town, at the next meeting after it was made. 

After the performance of these services, the selectmen were author- 
ized to pay such agent or agents, for their services, a sum not exceed- 
ing ten cents for each person vaccinated. 

The three physicians then resident in town, were appointed 
agents, agreeably to the above vote, and their bills for services 
amounted to !?ni.09. 

Since that time several cases of the small-pox have occurred in 
town, but its appearance now excites little alarm. The practice of 
vaccination with the kine-pox, warmly advocated by Dr. Spalding, on 



438 HISTORY OP AMHERST. [Chap. 

.his settlement herejhas robbed this terrible disease of its terrors, and 
the i'ears entertained of it in the olden time seem to us almost ridicu- 
lous. 

DEALINGS WITH DOMESTIC ANIMALS. VOTES IN RELATION TO 
CROWS AND FISH. 

Unruly cattle were a plague to the elders, and we find 
them building a pound and adopting by-laws at an early 
date, to keep the vagrant cows, sheep, and swine, in order. 

At the annual meeting, ^NTarch, 1792, an effort was made to keep 
them off the common. A by-law was adopted, by which the luck- 
less citizen, whose cows trespassed thereon at any time between 
the first day of May and the first day of November, in any year, be- 
came liable to a fine of two shillings a head for every day or part of a 
day they were found within its precincts. If his sheep transgressed 
the by-law, one shilling a head per day or part of a day, for the time 
they trespassed, paid the penalty. 

Probably the snow-drifts, that usually abounded between the first 
of November and the first of May, were deemed to be a sufficient pro- 
tection that part of the year. As to the swine, they were ordered to 
be kept in strict confinement at all seasons of the year. If they pre- 
sumed to show themselves upon the common at any time, their owner 
was to be called upon to pay two shillings per head for every day or 
part of a day they transgressed. 

6 July, 1778, John Stewart, Benjamin Davis, and William Odall, 
were appointed a committee to see to the building of a pound; said 
pound to be forty feet scpiare, and to be built on the north-west cor- 
ner of the common, north-west of the meeting-house, which Avould fix 
the locality nearly in front of the house now occupied by ]Mrs. Conant. 
At a later date the selectmen were instructed to cause one thirty-two 
feet square to be built of stones. 

As the crows troubled them, the fathers, 15 ]\Iarcli, 1782, voted to 
pay twenty-five cents per head for every one killed within the limits 
of the town, provided the person claiming the bounty produced two 
substantial witnesses to testify that they were so killed. 

13 March, 1809, as provision had been made for repairing the fence 
around the burying-ground, they ordered the sexton to impound "any 
creature " that might be found doing damage within that inclosure 
after the repairs were completed. 

In March, 1819, they thought the finny inhabitants of Babboosuck 
needed looking after, and voted their approval of a law being j^assed 



XXI 11. J |)KALIN(;s WITH DUM KSTK ' ANIMALS. 439 

prohibitiuy the taking of fish from that poiul, throuLjli tin- ice, or 
with lances, spears, seines, or nets, at any time. 

11 ]\Iarch, 1828, they voted that no hogs, shci-p, neat cattle, or horses, 
should be allowed to go at large in the public highways, and ap- 
pointed a connnittee to prepare by-laws to secure the enforcement of 
their vote ; but at a meeting held IG June following, they refused to 
adopt any by-laws for that purpose, and discharged the committee ap- 
pointed to draft them, from any further service in that direction. 

After all the votes and by-laws passed, the poor man's cow was tol- 
erably secure in the " long pasture." Occasionally she was pelted 
■with brick-bats, stones, or apples, by Young America, or worried by 
dogs and war-like ganders, but these proceedings were promptly re- 
buked by those in authority, and the spirit that " tarred and feath- 
ered " old skipper Ireson, would have beeu raised among the fairer 
lialf of creation, had she been committed to the pound. 

Fifty years ago the pound was located in the corner of the field east 
of the ^lanchester road, near the Chickering bridge. About 18:50 the 
title of the town to the land on which it stood was called in question, 
and at the annual meeting that year, the selectmen were directed to 
investigate the subject and make report at the next meeting. 

At the adjourned meeting, held 2') March, they nuide a verbal report, 
and were directed to repair the old pound on the old spot. The ques- 
tion of ownership was not settled, and at a meeting held '22 Nov., 1831, 
the selectmen were directed to make still further investigations, and 
lay the result of their labors before the town at some future time. 

11 March, 1882, the selectmen were directed to continue their re- 
searches, and if they found the land was owned by other parties, they 
■were authorized to agree with them for its use. 

13 Mai'ch, 1839, the town voted that no neat cattle or sw ine should 
be allowed to go at large in town this year, and the surveyors of high- 
ways were elected field-drivers in their respective districts, and the 
selectmen were directed to administer the oath as field-drivers to each 
one when he took his oath as surveyor. 

At the annual meeting, in March, 1854, the town adopteil tlie law 
prohibiting horses, &c., from running at large, and voted the penalty 
for its violation should be, for every horse, §3, horned cattle, •■?2, sheep 
and swine, J?! each, to be coHected of their owners. 

At the annual meeting, in March. 1881, the town voted to disp(»se of 
the "pound," and the selectmen were authorized to do it in any way 
they might think best. 

Its remains are now (1882) to be seen near the south-west corner of 
the new cemetery, by the side of the road leading to Mr. Dinker's 
dwellinji-house. 



440 HISTORY OF AMHERST. [Chap. 

Eighty-five years ago, sheep and lambs were hired for a term of 
years ; records of some transactions of this kind have been preserved* 
which we give. 

7 January, 1797, one sheep and two ewe lambs were let for three 
years. The same number of sheep and lambs, of as good quality as 
those taken, were to be returned to the owner at the end of that 
time, and one pound of good merchantable wool was to be paid annu- 
ally, in the month of June, for rent. 

In another instance two ewes and one ewe lamb were hired for four 
years, at the end of which time three ewes and three ewe lambs of 
as good quality as those hired were to be returned. 



BURYING-GROUNDS AND TOMBS. 

A committee was appointed by the proprietors of the 
township, at a meeting hekl 1 May, 1735, to lay out, among 
other things, a suitable spot for a public burying-place. 
The acceptance of the report of this committee, made 
shortly after, is the last recorded action of the proprietors 
in regard to a burying-place. 

The town, at a meeting held 8 March, 17G2, voted to raise £250, old 
tenor, to defray the expenses of inclosing their burying-ground and 
purchasing a burying-cloth ; and they voted that the said burying- 
cloth be kept at Mr. Solomon Hutchinson's. 

Solomon Hutchinson and Samuel Stewart were appointed a com- 
mittee to purchase the cloth and see to fencing the yard. 

Mr. Hutchinson is said to have lived on the spot where Mrs. Daniel 
Hartshorn now lives. His house was burned not long after. 

15 June, 1768. The town voted to exchange a piece of land belong- 
ing to the burying-ground lot, for another piece belonging to Mr. 
Jonathan Smith, which lay adjoining said lot. 

Most likely the piece received from Mr. Smith lay on the east side 
of the old burying-gi'ound, as now fenced in, while the piece he re- 
ceived in exchange lay on the north end of the lot, which would give 
him a better opportunity to pass to his mill, and the town received a 
piece better adapted for burial purposes. 

At a meeting held 5 Augnist, 1773, the town appointed Nahum 
Baldwin and John Stewart, a committee to fence in the burying- 
ground, and directed that a faced stone wall be built in front, facing 
the road, and that posts and rails be used for fencing the other sides 
of the yard. 



XXIII.] BURYING-GROUNDS AND TOMIJS. 441 

At a meeting held 11 ^laicli, 1800, the town voted to build a hearse 
house, and appointed the selectmen a committee to see to its erection. 
They also voted to raise fifty dollars to jiay the expense of Imilding 
the house. 

1:5 February, 181)9. The town voted to repair the fence around the 
burying-ground, and authorized the selectmen to get it done. 

At the annual meeting in March, 1821, the selectmen were appoint- 
ed a committee to consider the expediency of purchasing land for a 
new burying-ground, determine the most suitable place therefor, ascer- 
tain at what price the land may be liought, and report the same at the 
next meeting. 

March, l.s-23. Clifton Claggett, Robert Read, and Edmund Parker, 
were appointed a committee to ascertain some suitable piece of land 
for a burying-ground, that may be purchased, and for what price, and 
report at some future meeting. 

March, 1824. Robert Means and KplnalMi lUanchard were added 
to the committee chosen last year, and the committee were directed 
to make further arrangements in regard to a piece of land for a 
burying-ground. 

21 June, 1821. The committee reported that Samuel Dana, Esq., 
of (Jroton, Mass., would sell to the town such a (piantity of land as 
they wanted for a burying-ground, from the land he owned in Amherst, 
lying on the north or south side of the road leading from the vestry 
to the farm owned by Rev. Jeremiah Rarnard. 

At the same meeting Edmund Parker, Eber Lawrence. Clifton 
Claggett, William Fisk, and Nathan Kendall, were appointed a com- 
mittee to purchase from said Dana a piece of land from the east end 
of his lot, wliich lies south of said road, in front of the vestry, not ex- 
ceeding five acres, for the above purpose, the price not to exceed twenty 
dollars per acre, and that they procure a title of the same from said 
Dana, and lay the same out in the most suitable manner. 

This elTort seems to have been a failure, as the town votod, 13 
March, 1827, to refer the subject of the purchase of land for a 
burying-ground to the selectmen. 

22 May, 1827. The town voted to purchase a lot of land on the 
west end of the lot owned bv Samuel Dana, Esq., on the north side 
of the road passing by the vestry, for a grave-yard for the use of the 
town, being the same that Edmund Parker purchased of said Dana, 
and that the selectmen be a committee to make the purchase and 
erect a suitable fence around the same. 

11 March, 1828. Solomon Rarron, Isaac Colby, Levi Dodge, Otis 
Fletcher, Robert Fletcher, Joseph Harvel, John Ilaseltine, Charles 
Melendy, Luther Melendy, Xathaniel Melendy, Perley Raymond, and 



442 HISTORY OF AMHERST. [Chap. 

Moses B. Stewart, were by vote of the town exempted from paying 
any part of the expense of the new grave-yard laid out west of the 
vestry. At the same meeting the selectmen were authorized to sell 
and convey a piece of the land lying west of the vestry, lately pur- 
chased for a burying-ground, and they were appointed a committee to 
cause a suitable fence to be erected in front of the remainder. 

9 ^lay, 1830. The town voted that the selectmen purchase a grave- 
yard at Chestnut Hill, and suitable grave-cloths, to be used in that 
place, and to do what else they may think proper relating thereto, at 
the expense of the town. The selectmen were also constituted a com- 
mittee to repair the fence around the old burying-ground. 

22 November, 1831. The town voted not to receive the land pro- 
posed to be given by Maj. Joseph Fletcher for a burying-ground. 
This lot lay on the old road south of land of Timothy Xichols, and 
it was stipulated in the oifer that Maj. Fletcher and others should 
have liberty to build tombs therein, and that it should be fenced at 
the expense of the town. 

14 March, 1832. Voted to purchase a piece of ground from one 
half to one acre in area, in the south-east part of the town, 
in School District Xo. 3, for a public burying-ground, and fence the 
same, and give those that wish so to do leave to build tombs therein. 

1 September, 1831. Voted that the selectmen procure a new hearse 
and one or moi-e burying-cloths, for the use of the town. 

The subject of building tombs in front of the burying-ground was 
brought before the town at the annual meeting in March, 1827, on 
petition of Lemuel Blood, for leave so to do. The town voted to refer 
the matter to the selectmen. 

9 May, 1836. The selectmen were empowered to lot out the ground 
in front of the old buryiug-ground for building tombs, and sell the 
same, subject to such restrictions as they saw fit to impose, to the 
highest bidder, at auction. 

The above lots, six in number, were sold 28 May, 1836, for fifty 
cents each, the purchasers agreeing to build and keep in repair a good 
and substantial stone wall, of split stone, in front of the tombs, free 
of expense to the town. 

]\Iarch, 1840, a small piece of ground on the pauper farm was ap- 
propriated for a burial-place, and the selectmen were authorized to 
fence the same. 

21 June, 1842. Voted to sell the ground in front of the burying- 
ground, commencing thirty feet south of the south wing of the court 
house, for ten tombs, at auction. This vote was cari'ied into effect 
23 February, 1844. 



XXIII.] ACCIDENTAL DEATHS. 443 

At tlic luimuil iiieotiiig, in Marcli, Is.jl, the sclcctiiieii were authorized 
to purchase land adjoininjf the new burying-ground, shouhl tliey deem 
it exjiedientso to do, which lieing done, it was voted, at a nieetini,' held 
2 November, 1.S52, to authorize the selectmen to dispose ot" the lots in 
the new |>art of the buryinuf-ijfround, and api>ropriate the proceeds of 
the sales toward niakini;' improvements in the yard. 

in March, 1857, the selectmen were directed to purchase a receiving 
tomb, or cause one to be built. 

ACCIDENTAL DEATHS. 

About 1778. Charles Hlack, drowned in IJablmosuck brook, near 
Samuel Wyatt's house. 

23 April, 1800. Aaron Wilkins, killed by a falling tree. 

29 December, 1803. A child of John Mussey, burnt to deatli. 

May, 18!l5. A child of Henry Howard, by drinking a large 
(piantity of rum. 

!J May, 18iJJ. Joel llagar, killed l.y a fall. 

12 September, 1805. Capt. Levi Adams, killed by a kick from a horse. 

29 May, 1806. Daniel Stevens, killed by falling into a well. 

12 January, 180S. James Farnum perished in the cold while intox- 
icated. 

22 August, isrj. Sauiuel W'yatt, drowm-d in IJablxjosuck brook. 

October, 1812. Harriet Danforth, burnt to death at school, in dis- 
trict No. 5. 

10 May. 1815. A child of Daniel Lyon, killed l)y falling into a 
well. 

9 August, 1818. John Clark, drowned while l)athing. 

10 August, 1S20. Capt. Samuel Morrison, killcil by falling from a 
roof. 

4 July, 1^20. Charles Haseltine, accidentally shot at a company 
training of the Lafayette riHemen. 

December, 1S28. Joel Worcester burnt to death in a coal pit. 

7 Novemlter, 1829. Adolph Lange, killed by falliiig on a hay fork 
while sliding from a hay-mow. 

18 December, 183). Ninian C. Dodge, killed by falling from a win- 
dow at Boston . 

2 February, 1.S31. A child of David Stratton, burnt to death. 

li) April, 1831. Hodney Wheeler, accidentally shot. 

1 )tcember, 1.S34. George Prince, killed by a wheel of a loaded wagon, 
crushing his head. 

30 May, 1837. Mrs. T>ucy Hartshorn, killed by ln-ing thrown from 
her carriage while returning from nieeting. 



444 HISTORY OP AMHERST. [Chap. 

14 January, 1840. An insane person, a stranger, perished in the 
cold. 

26 July, 1842. Mary, wife of Daniel Phelps, burnt to death. 
2 March, 1849. William Danforth, killed by a falling tree. 
14 March, 1849. Lunimus Shepard, killed by a falling tree. 

19 October, 1849. Hiram F. Jewett, killed by a fall from a chestnut 
tree. 

24 September, 1854. Stephen Holbrook, killed by a runaway horse. 
24 April, 1856. Dana F. Bills, killed by falling into a hole in a hay- 
mow. 

Winter of 1866-67. Woodbury Roby, drowned in Pulpit brook. 
10 December, 1867. Daniel Wheeler, killed by a fall. 
1 September, 1868. Timothy Patch, choked to death while eating. 
30 July, 1870. John Love joy, killed by falling from a roof. 

20 September, 1870. Mrs. Cynthia Jones, killed by being thrown 
from a carriage. 

9 January, 1871. Mrs. Pamelia Brown, burnt to death at town 
farm. 

20 August, 1872. Daniel Weston, died from injuries received in a 
fall. 

6 December, 1872. Farnum Clark, died from injuries received iu 
falling from his wagon, a few days before. 

16 July, 1879. Henry F. Colston, died from injuries received in the 
collision of two carriages. 

23 July, 1880. Ed. Creany, of Boston, drowned in Babboosuck 
pond. 

BELLS AND CLOCKS. 

At a meeting of the first parish, held 3 May, 1788, a com- 
mittee was appointed to dispose of " two back seats on the 
lower floor of the meeting-house," and appropriate the 
money received from their sale to the purchase of a bell for 
the use of the parish. 

A further grant of forty pounds for the same purpose was 
made at a meeting held 28 October, 1793, and the committee 
was authorized to borrow the money until it could be as- 
sessed and collected. 

The bell was purchased shortly after, as we find in the record of 
the meeting of the parish, held 24 March, 1794, that William Low was 
appointed "Saxon," to ring and toll the bell on the Sabbath, and other 



XXIIL] BELLS AND CLOCKS. 445 

days, take care of the meeting-house, and sweep it, fur doing which he 
was to have fifteeit dollars a year. He was also to dig graves, when 
applied to, at the expense of the applicants. 

Mr. Low served as "Saxon" four years, and was succcetlcd l)y 
Samuel Foster, wiio was directed to ring tiie bell at nine o'clock in the 
evening, of each week day, in addition to the otlier duties re<|uired of 
the "Saxon," lor wliirli an addition of ten dollars a year was made to 
his salary. 

The next year the nine o'clock bell-ringing was dispensed with, and 
in the third year of ^Ir. Foster's service his salary was reduced to nine 
dollars. 

In 1801 Capt. Josiah Converse was appointed sexton, and agreed to 
ring the bell at one o'clock and nine o'clock each week day, for doing 
which he was to receive seven dollars a j'ear. 

But the job was too good to last, and the next year Dr. Samuel Cur- 
tis succeeded Capt. Converse as bell-ringer, and tlie records show that 
he received twenty-four dollars for his services that year. 

9 September, 18l)o, an elegant clock was presented to the town by 
Perkins Nichols, Esq., and placed in the meeting-house directly iu 
front of the desk. 

When the house was remodeled, in l.SoT, it was placed in the town- 
hall, under the church, where it remained until the court-room was 
fitted up for a town-hall, w hen it was removed to the place it now 
occupies. 

At the annual meeting in March, ISll.', William Fisk, William Low, 
"William Read, Col. Robert Means, Capt. William Dole, Ebenezer Tay- 
lor, and Capt. John Secouilic, were appointed a committee to view the 
meeting-house, and see what part of tlie .seats could be .sparetl for pew- 
ground, and "build pews on the same, dispose of them when completed, 
and appropriate the money received to the purchase of ;i town-<']ock, 
provided the same shall be done without any expense to the town. 

The committee attended to the duty assigned them, caused some 
pews to be built, and disposed of them, but it would seem that not 
enough money was received to pay for the clock, as the town voted at 
the annual meeting in March, 1819, "that unless tiie committee re- 
ceive donations in money sufficient to paj' the balance due on the 
clock within sixty days, they shouM have liberty to sell it, and after 
paying the balance due, they should pay the balance into the town 
treasury. 

This vote settled the matter. The clock was saved by contributions 
received, an<l still remains in its place. It is said to have been made 
under the direction of Thomas Woolson, jr., who at that time carried 
on the clock and watch-makinj; business on the Plain. 



446 HISTOEY OP AMHERST. [Chap. 

The clock proved to be an excellent one. Aftei* doing duty sixty 
years it was repaired by Mr. John Carleton, and is now (1882) one of 
the best time-keepers in the country. 

The old bell being cracked, the town, at a meeting held 1 Xov.» 
1824, authorized the selectmen to exchange it for a new one, provided 
the expense of so doing should not exceed three hundred dollars. 
This was accordingly done, and a new bell was prociu-ed which was 
brought to the Plain and suspended temporarily to give it a trial- 
While in this condition it was broken, it is said, by a heavy blow 
struck on the outride by a sledge. 

3 January, 1825, the town authorized the selectmen to pay the 
damage occasioned by breaking the bell lately purchased for the meet- 
ing-house. And they were directed to exchange it for another one, 
weighing from twelve to sixteen hundred pounds. 

This bell did service until 1839, when it was cracked, it is said, in 
ringing it on the fourth of July. On the twelfth of October of that 
year, the town empowered the selectmen to sell it and pay the pro- 
ceeds of the sale, and a sum not exceeding fifty dollars, for a new one. 
At another meeting, held 13 Xovember, the town authorized the select- 
men to purchase a bell weighing fourteen hundred pounds, provided 
they did not expend more than one hundred dollars, in addition to the 
sum received for the the old bell, in so doing. 

The selectmen, however, expended one hundred and fifty dollars, 
and their action was ratified by the town. 

With this sum, and the proceeds of the sale of the old bell, they 
purchased the bell now m use. 

THE POST-OFFICE. 

The post-office department was organized by the legisla- 
ture of the state in March, 1786. 

Jeremiah Libby was appointed superintendent by the President 
and Council, agreeably to a resolve of the legislature, passed 4 March, 
1786, and he was " required to put the several Posts in motion through 
the state as soon as possible, as far as circumstances will admit." 
Nahum Ackerman and Samuel Bean seem to have been appointed 
post-riders at the same time ; the former on the " Northern," the 
latter, on the "Western" route, at a salary of £100 per annum, each. 
Libby was reappointed 6 July, 1786, and the post-riders, as finally 
arranged, were 

Thomas Smith, of Surry, for the first route. 

John Lathrop, of Lebanon, for the second route. 



XXI II.] 



TELEGRAPH OFFICES. 



447 



Ozias Silsby, ot" Acworth, fur tlie lliinl route. 

Eben Cram, of Pittsfield, for the fourth route. 

William (Jordon was appointed post-master at Amherst, hy the 
Tresident and Couucil, 10 Fehitiary, 1791. 

Post-masters were appointed the same day at Concord, Cliarlestown, 
Dover, Exeter, Hanover, Haverhill, Keene, Plaistow, Plymouth, and 
Portsmouth. 

Since the organization of the post-office department, by the general 
government, the post-masters have been — 



Samuel Curtis. 

1S03 Daniel Prior. 

1808 Samuel Foster. 

1800 Eli Brown. 

1^12 Aaron Whitney. 

ISl!) J.'didiah K. Smith. 

lsi>() Isaac Spalding. 

1827 John Prentiss. 

is-J!) David Underhill. 



1811 Aaron Lawrence. 

1849 Charles *]{. Tuttle. 

1852 David Russell. 

1853 Timothy Daidorth. 
1855 Xathaniel II. <;eorge. 
1861 Ilollis E. Ab])ott. 
18(j8 Charles Richardson. 
1869 Horace E. Woodberry. 
187G Wilson D. Forsaith. ^ 



The compensation of the post-master, as stated in the " blue book" 
in 1817, was .^119.26; in 1822, $11:3.96: in 1877, S626.95; in 1879, 
!?660.l:}; and in 1881, .i?815.19. 

A post-office was established at Andierst station in August, 1881, 
under the name of "Danforth" P.O., and Ciiarles H. Maekay was 
appointed post-master. 



TELEGRAI'Ii OFFICES. 

A tolegTaph office was established in Amherst, in citiiinr- 
tion with the post-oHicc, in 1859 or ISGO, of which X. 11. 
George was tlie ninnngci-. X. 11. George and Miss Liiur;i 11, 
George were the operators. Afterward Ilollis K. Abbott 
was the ojjerator. From him it was transferred to Horace 
E. Woodl)erry. After Mr. i''oi-s;iilh was aj)j)ointed postmas- 
ter the office was discontinued for six months. 

From January to April, isTT, it was in charge of Pr, 
Edward Aiken. It was then transferred to George L. Pal- 
mer, whosi; conneetioii with it censed in January, 1ST8, since 
which time it has l)een in the cliarge of Dr. Aiken. 

Another office was estal)lished at Amherst station in the 
autumn of 1881,nnder thr charge of Charles II. MarUjiy. 



448 HISTORY OF AMHERST, [Chap. 

TELEPHONE. 

A telephone office was opened at the telegraph office in 
the house of Dr. Edward Aiken, on the Plain, 7 July, 1882. 
The telephone is connected, via Nashua, with all the wires 
that run in and from that place. Dr. xiiken is the manager 
at Amherst. 

newspapers. 

The Amherst Journal and New Hampshire Advertiser,. 
commenced by Nathaniel Coverly 16 January, 1795, was 
the first newspaper published in Amherst or in Hillsborough 
County. It was printed on a sheet 18x22 inches, and issued 
weekly. In tlie center of the title was a cut of the national 
eagle, bearing a shield of generous dimensions which gave 
the paper ([uite a showy appearance. Its reading matter 
was made up of selected stories, news from abroad, from 
two to four months old, and very little of local interest. 
Mr. Coverly's son became associated with him in the publi- 
cation of the paper, 24 April, 1795, and it was discontinued 
at the close of the year. 

The Village Messenger succeeded the Journal 6 January, 1796. 
William Bigiow was the editor; William Bigiow and Samuel Cushiug, 
publishers. This paper was a decided improvement upon its prede- 
cessor, and made a very creditable appearance. Mr. Bigiow soon re- 
linquished the editorial chair, but Mr. Gushing continued the publica- 
tion of the paper until 18 April, 1797, when he retired, and the 
establishment passed into the hands of Mr. Samuel Preston, by whom 
the Messenger was published until 5 December, 1801, when it was dis- 
continued. 

The Farmer's Cabinet, Joseph Cushing, editor and proprietor, 
succeeded the Messeiiger 11 November, 1802. Mr. Cushing contiimed 
its publication until 10 October, 1809, when, becoming involved in the 
failure of the Hillsborough Bank, he sold the establishment to Mr. 
Richard Boylston, at that time a journeyman printer in his ofhce, 
who continued its publication until 3 January, ISiO. His son, 
Edward D. Boylston, then became associated with him in its manage- 
ment, and continued associate editor until his removal to Manchester, in 
April, 184:3, when the senior editor again assumed the entire charge of the 



XX 111.] BANKS. 449 

pafxT. Ill .Viifjust, l^^•18, his sou again became associated 
witli him in its management, and 1 January, 18")!, became sole j)ro- 
prietor by purchase, the senior remaining associate editor until iNoG. 
In .lanuary, 18(19, Albert A. Rotch, son-in-law of the editor, aiwl a 
graduate from the otiice, became associate editor, and still continues 
as such. 

TiiK IIii.LSBOROi'Gic Ti-,i.i:< i I! A I'll. Klijali Maiisiir, editor and pub- 
lisher, was commenced 1 January, bS^'O, and discontinued 115 July, 
bS'22. It was a well conducted and well printed paper. 

TiiK .\Mnr,KST IIkkald, published by Thomas G. Wells ami Nathan 
K. Seaton, was commenced 1 January, l.S'i.'j, and continued until 
December of that year, when it was united with the New Hampshire 
Statesman and Concord Register. It was the offspring of the " Unita- 
rian Controversy'" of those times, and advocated I'nitarian views. 

(^uite a number of books aiul pamphlets were printed at the aV)ove 
named oHices, and with a view of enlarging his bnsine.s.sa.s a publi.sher, 
Mr. Cushing, shortly before he left town, erected the three storj' l»rick 
building, on the IMain, for its accommodation, which he left in an uu- 
tinished state. Hence it was for a long time called "Ciishing's folly." 

Dr. Samuel Curtis, a citizen of the town, puVdished a Tocket 
Almanack, or X. H. Register, from 18(10 to 1800 inclusive, which was 
piint.-d I'v Mr. Cushing in 18!)4-'5-'(;-T-'8 and 'f». 

TiiK I'lscv r \<H\\ KvAX(JKi.i<Ai. M.\<iA/.iNK, conducted mainly by 
President .Vjipletou, at that time tlie minister of Hampton, was printed 
by Mr. Cushing. fn.iii 1 January, ISik;. until .Mar.-h. 1808. 

BANKS. 

Tlic Hillsl)()i-(tuL:li Dank was incorjiorated 18 June, 1806, 
l.ir twnity years, witli a cai.italof f rom !ii!50,000 to ^200^000. 
Till' coriioratiiui was oruani/.cd 23 July, 1800, when Samuel 
r)cll, Charles IT. Athertou, David Everett, Ffederick Freiieli, 
ami haniel riim-. weic clioseii directors. Samuel Bell 
was elioseu president, and David irnlnies, easl>iei-. liv the 
directors. 

The first bills were issued 17 October, lS()(i, and were of the denom- 
inations of one, two, three, five ami ten dollars. They were printed 
on Perkins's stereotji^e plates. 

Being authorized to issue bills to double the amount of the capital 
employed, the directors availed themselves of the privilege, as bjisi- 
ness was good and the money in demand. 
29 



450 HISTORY OF AMHERST. [Chap. 

Shortly after, in consequence of the course the government thought 
proper to adopt in reference to the troubles with Great Britain, the 
commerce of the country was destroyed and its business paralyzed. 
It became difficult to turn property into money, and the bank suffered 
in consequence. The holders of its obligations were clamorous for 
their money; but the bank found it difficult to olitain its dues from 
its delators to meet them. 

The banks in the commercial centers, which had contracted their cir- 
culation to some extent before the storm, were better prepared to meet 
it. Viewing the country banks as rivals, they pursued an unfriendly 
course toward them. Finally the bill holders, losing confidence in 
them, disposed of their bills to speculators at a discount, who at once 
presented them for payment. 

Tn this emergency, after redeeming its bills until its specie was ex- 
havrsted, the Hillsborough Bank, 23 August, 1809, suspended payment. 
26 September, 1809, its bills were at 10 and 12^ per cent ; 17 October, 
1809, at 50 per cent discount. Many of the active business men of 
the place suffered severely by its failure, and some terribly bitter 
pamphlets were written and published in regard to its management. 
For years any connection with the management of the " Old Hills- 
borough Bank" was deemed a reproach by many of the citizens of 
Amherst. 



FARMERS BANK. 

A charter for a new bank at Amlierst was granted by tlie 
legislature at its session held in June, 1822. The grantees, 
under this charter, met at Ray's Hotel, 31 January, 1825. 
At this meeting they voted to carry the provisions of their 
charter into effect as soon as practicable. The capital stock, 
$65,000, was subscribed for at once, and 12 February, 1825, 
the corporation was organized by the choice of Charles H. 
Atherton^ James Wallace, Edmund Parker, Robert Means, 
Robert Read, Daniel Adams, and Aaron F. Sawyer, as direc- 
tors. The board of directors organized immediately after 
by the choice of Charles H. Atherton as president, and 
John Prentiss, cashier, who served in those offices during 
the whole period of the existence of the bank. 



k 



XX 111.] BANKS. 451 

The uttairs of the iiLstitiitioii were well iiuiiiageil, and the corpora- 
tion siLstained few losses during the whole term of its existence. Its 
obliy:ations were jiroinptly met, even throiifjh the money crisis of 1837 
and at the close of its business, in lsl:5, the following statement was 
published in the "Cabinet": 

" At a meeting of the stockholders, held 'J'-i January, I8I0. the direc- 
tors were instructed to proceed forthwith to close the concerns of the 
bank by collecting its debts, paying its liabilities, and dividing its 
stock as they lawfully may. 

The bank went into operation 11 April, ISl^.j. The capital of 
!?(j."),00() was fully paid in, and during its existence it furnished for 
circulation nearly !?5,000,()OU, the whole of which has been redeemed 
in specii', or in what the holders preferred to specie, at the rate of 
!?80l) per day, except l§21,0()0 outstanding at this time. This sum, 
witli !*14.3S of deposits, constitutes its whole liabilities. 

In 18:)7-'S, when most of the banks in the Union suspended specie 
payment, such was the call for specie that the circulation of the bank 
was reduced to less than §4000, which was less by !*!lUO(> than the 
specie then in the vault. Aside from this crisi.s, the least amount of 
its liills in circulation at any one time has been •'?21,<;00, tlu' greatest 
«65.(I0(I,— the average being about «45,00O. 

The highest amount of notes discounted at any one tinu' was 
8i;54. 000, the lowest §74,000. — the average amount from .^Ivo.don u. 
.-$110,000. 

The average amount of cinulalion (!?45,0(:0) has Ixmii rciurni'd to 
the bank once in about seventy days, or between five and six times a 
year. 

Ten suits only have been instituted by the liank.and all liut two 
of these at the recpiest of sureties, to save the debt from a tailing 
]>rincipal. 

The losses of the bank from counterfeit bills, failure of other lianks, 
and fraud, amounted to )?1">03. Xo counterfeit bill of the bank ever 
came to the knowledge of its officers. 

It jiaid to the school fund ^oluO, and made its regular dividends, 
averaging three and one half i)er cent annually, and had, 2'-\ .lanuary, 
1813, a surplus of 910,000." 

\'2 March, 1847, Charles II. Atherton gave notice that he was pre- 
pared to make a final close of the affairs of the "Fanners' I?ank," by 
paying the stockholders their stock in full, with a snudl surplus. 

1 May, l'^3!), an attempt was made to rob the Farmers' Hank, liyan 
Englishman who gave his name as John Jones. The cashier was 
awakened and succeeded in securing the burglar before he had accom- 
plished his object. 



452 



HISTORY OP AMHERST. 



[Chap. 



At the session of the court held in September followiiij;-, he was 
sentenced to ten days of solitary confinement, and imprisonment for 
life at hard labor in the State prison. His real name was said to be 
John Honeyman. 




Residenck of Charles Richardson, Esq. 
Built by the Hillsborough Bank, and used as a bankini;' house ; also 
used as a banking house by the Farmers' Bank from 1820 to 1843. 



THE SECOND NEW HAMPSHIRE TURNPIKE. 

Application having* been made to tlic legislatnrc by parties 
interested in building a turnpike from Amherst to Newport 
for an act of incorporation, the town voted, at a meeting 
held 18 November, 1799, "to oppose the granting of the 
petition, unless the old roads, as now traveled, should re- 
main free for ever, notwithstanding the turnpike may go 
partly in them or across them, and that where tliey go 
through private property and the associates can not agree 
with the owner or owners of the land, the appraisal of 



XXlll.J CO.MMITTKI': UK S.VI'KTV. l')3 

daiiin^'cs sliiill l)e mailc l>y the soloctinoii dl' llir town in 
wliicli till' huul lies." 

Till' tmii|iil<i' (•(iiiiiPiiiiv NMis iiicoiiHMati'd •_'() I )i-cciiilic'r, 17!'!*, Itirllm 
purpose of Imildiii;^ and iiiaii;iL;iii,n a inail tioiii '' lottciv l>ii(l:;i'." in 
Clareiuoiit, to Aiiilicrst I'laiii, near tlie (■ouit-hoiise. 

It was provided in tlif act of incorporation that at tin- fnd of cvi-ry 
ten years from the, time of settint; up the first toll-jjjatt', an account of 
the receipts and expenses of tiie corporation siiould lie laid before the 
judges of the Superior Court, and if the jirofits exceeded twelve per 
cent they nii,<,dit reduce tlie lolls so that thoy should not fxcerd that 
amount, ami if they were not six per cent they mij,dit raise tlniM so 
that the profits sliouM not he less than six nor inore than twelve per 
cent. It was also })rovided that the road should he Imilt within ten 
years from the jiassage of the act, and tliat the State might at any 
time, after forty years from the time of granting the charter, 
lake possession of the roail hy paying the corporation the 
cost of its construction and twelve per cent of the same additional, 
from which was to he deducted the amount of the dividends which 
hail actually Ik-cm received l>y the pro]irictors. 

The road was prom])tly Imilt in as nearly a direct line as ]tossihle 
from Andierst Plain, through the village of Mont Vernon, making a 
hilly, uncomfortable route. The judges had no occasion to reduce the 
tolls, and the proprietors were willing to relint|uish the road years 
before the time expired, when, by the terms of the charter, the .State 
might take possession. 

If) Ai)ril, 1837. Agrcealily to a vote of the proprietors, all the gates 
on the Second Xew Hampshire Turnpike were thrown open, and the 
road was made free from tluit day. 

The act of incorporation was rejicaled by the (Icneral Court I .Inly. 
1S:;7. ;md the care of the road thenceforth devolved upon the towns 
through which it passed. 

CO.MMIitKI': 0I<' SAFirrY. 

A ( 'uiiiiiiit tec (li ."^iiiVt V w;is clioscii ;iiiiiii;illy (jiiiiiig flic 
will- for 1 mlc|i,'iiil<'iirc. Tliis (■(Uiiiiiitfft' w;is in coi-rcsiioii- 
tliMicc with the (-(111111111 toes cIklsch in (»llicr towns, and with 
the State cvuiiniittcc on inattcr.s ivhitiiiir tn thr |iiililir wel- 
fare. Its incinbeis were as follows: 



454 HISTORY OF AMHERST. [Chap. 

177(>. Josiah Crosby, , Olivev Carlton, 

\\'illiam Bradford, Timothy Siuitli, 

Peter Woodbury, 1779. John Bradford, 

Thomas Burns, Oliver Carlton, 

Robert Means, Ilezekiah Lovejoy, 

1777. Ilezekiah Lovejoy, James Hartshorn, 
Stephen Peabody, 178;). Robert Means, 
Nathaniel Howard. Ilezekiah Lovejoy. 
Josiah Crosby, Amos Flint, 
John Bradford, 1781. James AVoodbury, 

1778. John Bradfoixl. "\^'illiam Peabody, 
John Seaton, U'illiam Ilogg, 
Hezekiah Lovejoy, William Bradford, jr. 

PIONEER BRICK-MAKERS. 

William and Nathaniel Melendy and Timothy Hutchinson carried 
on the brick-making business on the place now owned by Bryant Me- 
lendy, probably as early as 1780. The bricks were used in building 
the enormous chimneys common in those days. 

The bricks for the three-story brick store on the plain, the old bank 
building, and the house now occupied by Hon. Harrison Eaton, were 
made on Capt. Eli Brown's place on the turnpike, now known as the 
"Lord" place, by William and Nathaniel Melendy and the Chamber- 
lain bi-others, of Lyndeborough. 

The bricks for the court-house (now town-house) were made by 
Timothy Danforth on the place now owned by Bryant Melendy. 

CARD MANUFACTORY. 

The manufactui'e of machine-cards seems to \ni\e been commenced 
in Amherst by Thomas Woolson, jr., as early as September, 1818. In 
November of that year, Alonzo Snow & Co. were engaged in it. It ^^■as 
afterward carried on by David Holmes and Holmes & White. At first 
the leathers were punched and the teeth cut and bent by inachinery 
inade for the purpose. The settuig of the teeth furnished employment 
for the women and children of the town. The inti-oduction of the 
Whibt'.',more card-machine, by which the leathers were pimched and the 
teeth cut, bent, and set by nuichinery, dispensed with the hand-set- 
ting. 

In 1828 ]Mr. White removed the manufactory to Belvidere, now a 
part (It Lowell, where it remained until 18'^."), when it was again re- 
moved to a shop on the Middlesex Corporation, where the business was 
carried on by AVhite & Puffer. Their shop was luirned in 1818, and in 



XXII 1.] Tin: WHIP r.usiNEss. 455 

1844 new shops were built uii ^laikct street where the Imsniess was cur- 
ried on some years. In l.s.")(> ^Ir. White sold his interest in tlie eoncern 
and removed to Illinois. 'I'ln- Imsiness was then earned on hy Puffer 
& Howe, afterward by lluwe ^: (ioodwin, and the Lowell Card Coiu- 
liany. the business being af1:er a time removed to Middle street. In 
1874 a larye bnildint;- was erected at the corner of Shattuck and Market 
street, in which the business of tlu^ com])any is now carried on. 



THE WHIP BUSINESS. 

The maiiul'actuic of wliijt.s was carried on in Boston sev- 
eral years by John David, the eldest brother of Deacon Bar- 
nabas B. David. He died in Boston 20 Sei)teniber, lH-2i). 

I January, isijl, Samuel B. .Mclendy. of .Vmherst. and I5arualias I>. 
David, entered into iiartnership and commenced the business in the shop 
once occupied by Mr. David's brother. The business provinijf rennnier- 
ative, measures were soon taken to increase it. In 1823 ;Mr. Meleudy 
returned to Amherst and conmienced business in the "Maiming" shop 
wliich stood near the Taylor bridge on the Nashua road. The shop was 
eidarged and several hands were employed. In 18"J.") a sales-room was 
opened in New York, and about the same time one in New Oilcans. 
Mr. David also visited Europe for the piu"po.se of gaining information 
in regard to the business. In l8-'i() the manufactory was established on 
Amherst I'lain, a new shop having been fitted up for its accomnmdation. 
Mr. David at that time took up his residence in Amherst. In 18:57 
Mr. Charles L. Stewart was hired to take charge of the business in New 
York city, and about the same time ^Ir. Ilenrj' Howard, jr., took charge 
of the business at Dock Sipiare in Boston. Mr. Stewart lieeaiiie a 
iii(iiil>er of the firm in ls47, and linally purchased the interest of his 
partiifis in the New York luanch of the business. For many years the 
firm did a large and successful luisiness, but finally, ;is competition be- 
eamr sharp and the profits of the Imsiness small, it was reliiKjuished. 

I'iiuothy Danforlh. Ksi[., carried on the business f(tr s«'Veral years with 
a modi'iate degree of success. He continued in tlu' busiiics>. on :i ^in:)!) 
scale, until his death. 

David Holmes, Esq., a resident of Amherst, who had been engaged 
in the manufacture of cards, reliiuiuished the canl business, removed to 
b(nvell, and engaged in the whip business with a Mr. Harnes. once m 
the employ of ^lessrs. !Melendy it David. The undertaking did not 
prove to be a successful one, and wa.s soon relin<iuislied. 



456 HISTORY OF AMHERST. [Chap. 

AMHERST SOCIAL LIBRARY. 

Samuel Dana, Joshua Athertou, Jeremiah Barnard, Sam- 
uel Wilkins, Daniel Campbell, Jolin Shepard, Daniel War- 
ner, Robert Fletcher, Jonathan Smith, Samuel Curtis, and 
their associates, were, by an act of the legislature, approved 
21 June, 1797, incorporated as the Amherst Library Society. 
They were empowered to establish rules for the government 
of the corporation, to enjoin penalties of disfranchisement, 
and fines not exceeding ten dollars, and to hold real and 
personal estate not exceeding three thousand dollars in value. 
The time of the annual meeting was fixed on the fir^t Mon- 
day of January, but might be held on any other day the 
proprietors thought fit to appoint. 

This society continued in existence about thirty-five years. 
It was finally dissolved, and its books sold at auction, 25 
Februarv, 1832. 



THE FRANKLIN SOCIETY 

was organized 16 September, 1807, for the improvement of 
its members in literary pursuits. It consisted of a number 
of young men who met every second Wednesday for the 
discussion of literary subjects, declamations, and. the read- 
ing of original compositions. 

The clergyuieu in this and the neighboring' towns, most of whom 
were honorary members of the society, and many of the elderly citi- 
zens of the town, frequently attended the meetings, and took part in 
the exercises. 

A library of 240 volumes of valuable books was purchased, and ad- 
ditions wei'e made from time to time hj fimds derived from assess- 
ments on the members. 

The society continued in existence mitil '23 May, 1818, when it was 
disbanded, and its library was sold. 

The following list of members is copied fi'om the Book of Kecords : 



XXIIL] 



FREE MASONRY. 



4;*) 



II.Tiiian Al.ln.tt. 
Saimicl Alilx.ll. 
Aliniliaiii Andivws. 
Charb's II. AtlitM-toii. 
.Tohii V. Uatcli.-ld.-r. 
John I>urnaiii. 

WilliaiM Cla.i'-.iUPtt. 
Xathaii R. Clousli. 
flosfph Cusliiiit;-. 
Elisha K. Klam. 
Caleb Enifrson. 
Liitlier Farlcv. 



.loliii Faiiiicr. 
All.Mi Fisk, 
lii'iijaiiiiii F. Fn-iH-li. 
William ( lonloii. 
AUmzd S. (iri'cin illc. 
Levi Ilarsdiorii. 

Jaci)l> III ill lies. 

Joshua Holt. 
Kugeiie Iliitrliiiisdii. 
Isaac Hill, 
rieor^t' Kiiiiliall. 
.Iose]>li I). Mamiiii^'. 



David .M.(,. M.-ai 
WiHia.u F. .Murri 
Harrison (i. Otis. 
H(liiiiiii(l i'arkcr. 
Jaiiii's Perkins. 
Hohert Read, 
David Second >e, 
Matthias Spaldinj 
(Jiistavus Swan. 
FlitMiezer Tayli>r, 
IltMirv J. Tudor. 
Andii'w Wallace. 



>on. 
J'" 



;■. jr. 



THE " HANDELLIAN SOCIETY. 

Mr. iriill .s;iid in the New Hampsliire Patriot, 18 April, 
1809, the lirst number of that paper issued by him : 

'' xVt the ordination of Kev. Nathaniel Kennedy, of Liteh- 
field, several pieces of music were performed by a select 
choir from Amherst, which added much to the solemnities 
of the day, and evinced a correct taste and a love for srenu- 
ine harmony." 

Much of the commendation bestowed ujumi the performance.s of a 
"select choir from Amherst" was dc^ubtli^ss due to the eftovts of the 
" Ilandellian ^lusical Society," incorporated in June, 1805, and com- 
jKised of residents in Amherst and the neinld)oring town.s, the professed 
olijccts of the society beiuLf to ''cultivate the art of music, to acquire 
and ditliise a correct taste, and to enjoy the refined ]ileasures of hai- 
uiony." The society continued in existence more than twenty-five 
years, and. judginq' from the reports of Mr. Hill, met with a reasonable 
share of success in its etVorts. 



FREE MASONRY. 

A charter fur noncvolent Lodge, No. 7. F. A' A. Masons, 
was granted by the (Jrand Lodge of New llamjishire, 2(1 
April. IT'.'T. and the Lodge was organized on the last Tues- 
day of May in that year. Samuel Dana was appointed 
W. Master: Jonathan (Jove, Senior Warden, and Luther 
l>ana. Junior Warden. 



458 HISTORY OF AMHERST. [Chap. 

This Lodge continued in successful operation quite a uuniLer of 
years, and many of the citizens of Amherst were connected with it 
as members. At last, as a majority of its members resided in Milford? 
Brookline, and Wilton, at a meeting held 20 ]March, 1826, it was voted 
unanimously to remove said lodge from Amherst to Milford, on condi- 
tion that whenever two-thirds of the members were in favor, of restor- 
ing it to Amherst the minority should cheerfully acquiesce in its 
removal. 

Samuel Dana, Daniel Warnei, Charles H. Atherton, Aaron ^^liitney, 
and Ephraim Blanchard, were among tlie citizens of Amherst who 
served as W. Masters of the lodge while it remained in town. It be- 
came dormant in 1832, but was revived and is again in operation. 
There are but two older lodges now in existence in the state. 
.^An amusing story is told of Rev. Humphrey Moore, of Milford, in 
connection with this lodge. Mr. Moore was not a Mason, but being 
present at one of the public meetings of the lodge, was asked to act as 
chaplain. Complying with the request, he prayed as follows : 

"O Lord, we come here to jjray to thee, we know not for what. If 
thith inthituthion be a good one, wilt thou bleth it. If it be an evil 
one, wilt thou curth it. Amen." (Mr. Moore was unable to sound 
-the letter s.) 

Mr. Boylston gives the following account of a public meeting of 
Benevolent Lodge Xo. 7, at Amlierst, 14 May, 1821 : " The Benevolent 
Lodge, No. 7, held its annual meeting in this town on Monday last. 
May 14, at ]\Iasons' Hall. In the afternoon the officers were publicly 
installed, and the hall was crowded with a respectable audience of ladies 
and gentlemen to witness the (to them) novel ceremony. The exercises 
were solemn and impressive. Sacred music and prayer commenced the 
j)roceedings, and the officers were invested with their jewels or badges 
of ofHce, with injunctions to duty, which, if they perform, they will not 
only be good ^lasons, but good Christians." 

SOUHEGAN GRANGE. 

JSouliegan (xraiige, No. 10, Patrons of Husbandry, was 
formed 5 December, 1873, with sixteen members, and is 
now (April, 1882) the largest and most nourishing- Grange 
in the state. 

It holds its regular meetings for Grange work, the discussion of 
topics of interest to farmers, and literary exercises, on the Thursday of 
or preceding the fuU moon, and the second Thursday following. Its 
jiast masters have been, James L^. Prince, one year ; Aaron S. Wilkins, 



XXIII.] FIRK UECOllD. 4.")9 

two years; Tlioiiias M. llarvt'll. two years; James (I. Ilaseltine, two 
years. 

Present ^Faster, George E. Ilolhrook ; Granville J*arkei-, Overset^- ; 
Aaron M. Wilkins, Lectnrer ; George Armstrong, Steward ; George F. 
Hill, Assistant Steward ; James M. Jackson, Clia])lain ; .fames F. Wes- 
ton, Secretary: Edward Caldwell, Treasurer; Charles E. Wilkins, Gate 
Keeper; Mrs. A. M. Wilkins, Ceres; Mrs. J. H. Drucker, Pomona; 
Miss Cora R. Fisher, Flora; Mrs. George F. Hill, Lady Assistant Stew- 
ard ; Miss Ella Kinson. Chorister. Numher of moiubers, 150. 

UNITKI) OIinER OF THH (iOLDEN CROSS. 

Instituted 1 July, 1881, with 27 members. Officers chos- 
en semi-annually. 

Its officers, for the term ending- W June, 1882, were — 

P. X. C, George W. Putnam. 

\. ('.. W. II. Dinsniore. 

V. \. C., Lucy A. Wilkins. 

W. P.. William Pratt. 

\. K. K., W. B. Kotch. 

F. K. K., Fannie A. Wilkins. 

W. T.. A. M. Wilkins. 

\\'. H.. W. I). ForsaitI). 

W. I. (;.. Jennie P. Hartshorn. 

W. (). (i.. Henry .M. Parker. 

Nnmherof mendiers. 1 .May, issj. :;}. 

FIRK RECORD. 

The Iitiusr of S()h)uujn Hutcliinson, at the north-east 
corner of thr e >ninic)n,on the Plain, was burnt in 17<)4. A 
two-p: und I'lovincc note, belonging to Mr. Hutchinson, 
was destroyed by the lire, tlie amount of which the ricneral 
Court, at its next session, voted to i)ay him. 

riie tirst meeting-house, or eonri-lionse. was hnrnt Ky an incendiary, 
1.') March, ITS.S. 

Two barns lielonging to Joshna Atliertoii, JOs(i., in which his hay, 
grain, etc., were stored, were iinrnt by .Michael IveitV. 7 .Fanuary. 17!)l>. 
Four cows i)erished in the flames. 

A house on the Plain, owned by Col. Robert Means, and occui)ied by 
Ilobert M. King, was burnt Sunday, li' September, 1807. IJy timely 
ai<l from the i)eoplc in attendance at the meeting-hou.se, most of the 



460 HISTORY OF AMHERST. [Chap. 

funiiture in the house was saved, and the fire was prevented from de- 
stroying other buildings near by. 

A cooper's shop, belonging to Capt. Natlianiel Emerson, was burnt 
in October, 1809. 

The blacksmith shop occupied by Mi-. Aaron Whitney, took fire and 
was consumed on the evening of 5 Ajiril, LSI'). But a portion of the 
contents was saved. 

A fire was discovered in the wheelwright shop, occupied by Jonathan 
Foster, about 2 o'clock in the morning of 1!) September, 1818, which de- 
stroyed the shop and its contents. 

T^uther Pearson's wagon maunfactory, situated about three fourths of 
a mile south of the village, with most of the contents, was burned 7 
September, 1820. Loss estimated at |300, including a lot of imfinished 
wagons, and two !$20 bank bills. The biiilding was owned by Robert 
Means, Esq. 

Samuel Ilildreth's dwelling-house, and most of the contents, was 
burnt l.j Xovember, 1821. The fire took while the family were absent, 
and had made such progTess when it was discovered that all efforts to 
check it, or save the contents of the house, were unavailing. 

A fire occurred in the three-story brick building on the Plain, 25 Feb- 
ruary, 1830, which was extinguished before anv great damage was done 
to the building. 

A barn belonging to Mr. Thomas M. Benden, situated near his dwell- 
ing-house and store on the Plain, was set on fire by an incendiary, and 
consumed 6 Augiist, 1839. It was filled with hay, and burnt with great 
rapidity, and it was only by great and persevering efforts on the pai't 
of the citizens and firemen present that the adjoining buildings were 
saved. Loss .1152.50 ; insured for ilOO. 

A slight fire on the roof of the Unitarian church, owing to a defect 
in the cliinniey, occurred 22 March, 1840. 

The dwelling-house of Mrs. Betsey Prince, in the north-east part of 
the town, was bm-nt, with most of the contents, 13 Februaiy, 1841. A 
defect in the chimney is supposed to have been the cause. 

The large barn on the pauper farm was burnt 3 April, 1847. Twen- 
ty-two head of cattle perished in the flames. Loss estimated at ii^2,500 ; 
no insurance. The barn had been built but a few years, and was one 
of the largest and best in town. The fire was set by an insane pauper. 

The bam, shed, and stoi-e, of Mi". John Moor, near his dwelling- 
house on the Plain, were biu-nt Saturday evening, 14 October, 1848. 
The fire was discovered in the barn, whence it was communicated to 
the shed and store. A cow in the barn was saved, and most of the 
goods in the store, which were but slightly damaged. Insurance ^?100(), 
M'hich nearlv covered the loss. 



XXIII.] FIRE RECORD. 461 

Tin; Aiiilu'i-st .steani-iiiill huililiui^s were burnt "J.") .Muicli. IS-Ul. The 
engine and chinniey were but slightly damaged. Thr I<iss to the occu- 
pants of the shops, in tools and stock, was a serious one. The build- 
ings and machinery were insured for .*!7,n(K). The tire was ](rnl)ably 
communicated from a heated l)earing. 

A fire was discovered in a building nc;ir tiii- county jail, occupied by 
James Monroe as a li\cry stable, on llic morning of 11 dune. bSoO, 
which, in its progress, consumed the biiilding in which it originated, 
together with a barn. shed, and dwelling-house near by. owned by Mr. 
Enos B. C'rooker. and the roof of the county jail. In the attic of the 
jail the gallows on which Farmer was hang was stored, which was also 
bui-ut. 

The liaiii and coni-iiarii of Mr. .Vmos Green, in the west part of the 
town, \\a> liiiinl I I*'i'l)niai'y, l>i.'>l. The fire was set by an ins.ane 
member of the family. 

A slight fire occurred at the steam mill of Mr. donatiiaii i\night, at 
the west end of tlie IMain. 1 August, is.",!). L,,ss from sl(M) to x-Ji)(). 

The dwelling-house of Dea. Aaron Lawrence, on the Plain, wa.s 
l)urnt Sunday morning. 2 September. 18(5((. The most valuable part of 
the furniture was saved. Loss estimated at from .^:'.,(I(H» \n s\jn)(). 
Insured for $1.1>(KI. 

2 December, 18(5:3, 2:15 a. m. 'i'lie laige barn on the IMain. owned 
by David Stewart, was discovered to be on tire, and was shortly 
consumed. The flames were Idown directly on the Hardy tavern stand, 
which, together with the store adjoining, andtlie old Means store, a few 
feet distant from the la.st, were totally destroyed. Mr. Stewart's resi- 
dence and the hotel stable were saved by the nnremitting exertions of 
the firemen and citizens. The goods in the first story of the store were 
mostly saved: those in the cellai' and second .story were de.stroyed. 
The large flag displayed on the liberty pole on the common was also 
l)urned. and the old burying-groiuid was burned over. In the barn four 
cows and one hor.se were burnt. Loss on barn and contents .sL<><M); 
insured for 8400. Loss on store ami goods i^LOOO ; covered by insur- 
ance; and on the Hag. sloi). The liii' was suivposed to be the work of 
an incendiary. 

The old Xutt tavern stand on the Plain, ami the barn of Luther W. 
Nichols, on the opposite side of the street, were burnt 1 .July. l>^lj."j. 
Insurance on the tavern house, Si,!)!)!), and !?100 on the barn. The 
tires were the work of an incendiary, for whos(i apjirehension a re- 
ward was offered. 

A slight fire on the roof of the three-story brick building on tlie 
Plain, 2!1 Jidy, 1S05, took from a spark from the furnace chinmey. 



462 HISTORY OF AMHERST. [Chap. 

The main buildings of tlie Atherton inausiou were burnt November, 
1865. The fire was supposed to have taken from a defect in the 
chimney. 

The freiglit dejiot, and wood-shed near by, at Danforth's coi'ner, were 
burnt 5 March, 18(57. Fortunately the shed was empty. The depot con- 
tained one car, and nine hundred corn-planters, which were consumed. 
The fire was supposed to be the work of an incendiary. 

The house and barn of Stephen II. Barrett, near Stickney's mills, on 
the Xashua road, were burnt 2S June, 18()7. But little was saved from 
the house, and a valuable cow perished in the barn. Insurance, $400 
on the iioiise. 

A small barn, oontainhig' a (piantityof hay, was burnt on " the acre," 
pi the west ])art f)f the town, near Milford village, '24 September, 1868. 

The dwelling-house formerly owned and occcupied by Daniel Camp- 
bell, Esq.. situated on the old New Boston road, was burnt 11 May, 
1869. 

The house of Warren Damon, on the Ilollis road, two miles south of 
the village, was burnt Friday morning, 21: September, 1869. with most 
of its contents. 

13 Augiist, 1870. A fire kindled among the brush on a newly cleared 
lot east of Rodney Howard's house, in the east part of the town, ran 
over nearly seventy-five acres of land, destroying some five hundred 
cords of hard wood, and about seventy-five cords of hemlock bark, 
which was corded up on the lot ready for the market. Loss estimated 
at !g3,000. 

The " Amherst Hotel" was burnt, on the morning of 25 January, 
1876, with nrost of its contents. The loss was said to have been nearly 
coA'ered by the insurance. 

A large barn on the Isaac Upliam place, on Chestnut hill, was burnt 
22 Feb]-uary, 1882, with ten head of neat cattle, three shotes, and one 
sheep. The fire was set from matches in the hands of a careless boy. 



HUNTERS EXPLOITS. 

30 July, 1805. A striped snake wa-i killed sometime last week by 
Mr. Nathan FuUer, of this town, in which were between eighty and 
ninety young ones, the smallest being five inches in length. 

About 1812, a large otter was killed by Mr. Jacob Durant, in the 
brook which crosses the road leading to Thomas B. Parker's, near its 
junction with the road leading to Mr. George H. Shaw's. The animal 
was apparently gnawing a root under the bank when discovered by Mr. 
Durant, who approached softly and killed him with a club. 



XXIIL] A BEAR HUNT. 4G3 

A lynx, wt'inliiug- twenty-two and a halt' jioiimls, ami nicasiu-iiii;- five! 
feet nine inclies in length, from the extremities of his fore and hind 
let's, was shot on a tree, sixty feet from the ground, in (he south part 
of the town, in 1839. 

A huge wild cat was shot near the residence of Hiram 1). Stearns, 
about half a mile south of the village, 1 February, 184!». He was first 
discovered by John Lovejoy, who was hunting foxes al)out a mile and 
a half east of the Plain. His dogs, being put upon the animal's track, 
chased him into a hen-coop, where he was shot by Robert Boutell. His 
length from elaw to claw was four feet, and his weight, though very thin 
in flesh, was twenty iioiimls. 

A tortoise, weighing thirty-three pounds, and an ugly looking customer, 
was captured in Little liabboosuck ]>ond. in August, 18l!». by Orvis P. 
Young and George W. George. 

A cat of the lynx species, probably the one that had diini- considera- 
ble mischief in Andierst and vicinity, was killed in Antrim, in Jamiaiy 
IS.")!). 

Henry A. Nichols and Alfred Moore, while out on a coon hunting 
excursion, in Xoveml)er, 185!), captured a hedge-hog, weighing seventeen 
pounds, and brought him liome. Their dfigs brought liome some sore 
noses as their share of the exploit. 

10 Xovember, 186-1. Andrew J. Kidder and Fred Ford, shot five 
coons from one tree, which weighed in the aggregat:^, seventy-three 
liounds. 

December. ISfiT. George Kent, a deaf mule, has thi' past season 
taken 1168 trout and l'2o pickerel from pomls and brooks within tliree 
miles of Amherst village. 

October, 18(57. Isaac P. Weston recently trap]>ed a cat owl whicli 
measured four feet and four inches from ti|> to tip of its wings. 

.\ugust, 1867. Bee hunters have been quite successful of late. 
William ^lelendy and John Lovejoy last week took a swarm in Lyndc- 
borough, from whicli they obtained some ninety pounds of honey. 

Joseph K. Ilassell killed a black snake, seven feet two inches in 
length, which measured nine and a fourth inches in circumference. 10 
October, 187-5. 



.V nv..\\i HUNT. 

^lany years ago an old sh- bi'ar troubled the fathers exceedingly by 
her depredations among tlu' juvenile porkers and the nice roasting ears 
in the corn-fields. Having discovered her haunt, the men and boys in the 
vicinity turned out one day resolved uiMmher destruction. Cliasing her 



464 HISTORY OF AMHERST. [Chap. 

into a swamj"* it was decided to station one of the nunilier, properly armed, 
at the outlet to shoot her, while the remainder should go into the swamp 
and drive her within reach of the sentry's gun. One of the company, 
a man of decided grit, the leader of the party, had an excellent gun, 
and he was selected to remain as sentry. Another of the company, 
whose reputation for courage was not very good, begged to be allowed 
to remain as sentinel, as he was lame and could not walk. The owner 
of the gun told him he was a coward, and would not dare to fire at the 
bear if she came within reach. He replied that he would shoot the 
bear. He was not afraid of beai's, would fight a dozen at once if 
necessary. After a good deal of. discussion it was decided to give him 
the gun and let him act as sentinel. The rest of the party proceeded 
into the swamp and soon found IMistress Bruin, who wa^s speedily put 
on the back track, while they followed leisurely, expecting to hear a re- 
port from their comrade at the outlet. 

On arriving within sight of that worthy, he called to them, asking 
why they had n't been along five minutes sooner ? Has the bear been 
here? asked the owner of the gun. Been here! Why she came and sat 
down and looked me in the face as much as five minutes, and you might 
have vshot her just as well as not if you had been here. You plagged 
coward ; why did n't you shoot her. Sho(^t her ! Why, I forgot that I 
had a gun with me. I forgot all about it. After upbraiding the sentry 
roundly for his cowardice, the party broke up, thoi'oughly disgusted 
with the day's operations. 



COLLEGE GRADUATES FROM AMHERST. 
TTARVARD COLLKGE. 

(18S"2). Xame^ of those now living are in Italics. 

Name. Date. Profession. Died. Age. 

John Wilkins, 1764. Instructor, at Athens, O.. 1808. 68 

Jacob Kimball, 1788. Farmer, Amlierst, 1 Aug., 1819. 81 

Charles H. Atherton, 1794. Lawyer, Amherst, 8 Jan., 1853. 79 
Daniel Weston, 1795. Clergyman, in Maine, 1837. 

William Gordon, 1806. LaWei", Brattleboro', Vt., 12 Jan., 1871. 83 

Jonathan F. Dana,* 1813. Physician, N. Y. city, April, 1827. 33 

Samuel L. Dana, 1813. Chemist, Lowell, Mass., 11 March, 1868. 72 

John H. Wilkins, 1818. Bookseller, Boston, 5 Dec, 1861. 67 

Charles G. Atherton, 1822. Lawyer, Manchester, 14 Nov., 1853. 49 

Stephen R. Holmes, 1822. Instructor, at sea, 11 January, 1830. 28' 

♦Name changed to James by Legislature of Massachusetts. 



XXIIL] 



COLLEGE GRADUATES. 



465 



Name, 
.losliua I Ie^'^\"00(l, 
Kcuboii I). Miissi'V, 
James McK. Wilkins, 
Levi Hartslioni. 
Allen Fisk. 
Ambrose Seatoii.* 
Charles F. P:iliott. 
Eilward Spnldlnf/, 
Charles K. Parker. 
William n<(iil, 
H.lwar.l II. Pratt, 
Alfred Spalding,* 
Edward Aiken, 
John II. Clark; 
Charles II. Wallace, 
Vaola J. Hartshorn, 
Warren Upham, 



DAHTMOrXlI roi.I.KGF.. 

Date. rrofi'.«si<)ii. Died. 

1705. Cler'inan. Dmistahlc.M's.. 11 Nov. 

1S():5. Physician. Boston. 21 June, 

1812. Lawyer. .Manchester, IS ,Inne, 

18L). ("lergvnuui, Amherst, 27 Sept., 

LS14. Instructor, 18 September, 

1S25. Physician, Maysville, Ivy., 9 April, 

182!). Physician, Somersworth. 2-'? June, 

1S:};5. Physician. 

18:}4. Phy'cian.Beardslown. Ill.,2;iAn,. 

1S;50. Physician. 

LSn. Physician, Somersworth, 15 Xov., 

18l:>. Physician, Greenup. Ky., 20Uec., 

18.")1. Physician. 

1857. Physician. 

1857. Studied law, Amherst, 21 June, 

ISGO. Clergyman. 

1871. Civil Engineer. 





Age 


1S14. 


51 


1866. 


86 


1855. 


70 


1819. 


33 


1875. 


86 


1806. 


61 


1870. 


72 



.1882. 09 



1857. 
1878. 



1861. 



51 
63 



25 



Nanip. 
Samuel Whiting, 



DARTMOUTH UNIVERSITY. 

Date. Profession. 
1818. Lawyer, Ma.son, X. II. 



ItoWDOIX COLLEGE. 
Na)iie. Date. I'roffSiiion. Dk'd. Age- 

Robert Means, Jr., 1807. Lawyer, Lcnvell, .Mass., 26 Sejjt., 1842. 56 
\\illiam Appleton, 1820. Lawyer, Cinchnuiti, ()., 19 Oct., 1830. 21 
James .Means. 1833. Clergyman. X.^wberu. X. C. Apr.. 1863. 50 

AMHKRST COLLEGE. 
Name. Date. I'rofes.sion. 

William O. Baldwin, 1851. Clergyman. 
John E. Wheeler, 1857. Clergvnian. 
William B. Clark; 1S65. Hank.-r. 



Name. 
Edward C. Darid, 
William G. David. 



WII,I.IAM> COLLFGK 
Profession. 
Lawyer. 
Physician, Lyons, 



N. v.. 17 \\v. 



Age. 
1877. 16 



* Graduate of Medical College. 
30 



466 HISTORY OF AMHERST. [Chap. 

LAWYERS IN AMHERST. 

Moses Parsons, a native of iSTewbury, Mass., graduated at Harvard 
College 1765; I'ead law with Gen. John Sullivan; jjracticed at Xew- 
market until 1773; came thence to Amherst, where he remained until 
177.5; died, 1801. 

Joshua Athektox, from Harvard, ^lass., graduated at Harvard Col- 
lege in 1762 ; read law with Abel Willard, of Lancaster, and James Put- 
nam, of Worcester; commenced practice at Petersham, Mass., in 1765; 
removed to Litchfield the same year, thence to Merrimack, in 1767 ; came 
to Amherst in the sunnner of 177o. where he remained until his death, 
April, 1809. 

Samuel Dana, born in Cambridge, Mass., graduated at Harvard Col- 
lege in 1755 ; was minister of Groton, Mass., 1761-75. Being suspected of 
toryisin, by his people, he resigned his office; came to Amherst in 1781: 
studied law with Joshua Atherton; connuenced practice in 1788; Reg- 
ister and Judge of Probate for Hillsl )orough County ; died 2 April, 
17!)8. 

William Gordon, from Boston, Mass.. graduated at Harvard Col- 
lege in 1779 ; read law with Joshua Athei'ton ; commenced practice in 
1787; representative in Congress 1797-1800; Register of Probate and 
Attorney-General of New Hampshire; died in Boston 8 May, 1802. 

Charles Humphrey Atherton, son of Joshua Atherton, born in 
Amherst, graduated at Harvard College in 1794 ; read law with Joshiui 
Atherton and William Gordon; commenced practice in 1797; repre- 
sentative in Congress 1815-17; Register of Probate 1798-1837; died 8 
January, 1853. 

David Everett, born in Princeton, Mass., graduated at Dartmouth 
College in 1795; read law with John M. Forbes; practiced in Boston a 
short time ; came to Amlierst in 1802 : returned to Boston in 1807, 
where, in 1809, he engaged in establishing the Boston Patriot. He was 
afterward engaged in other newspaper establishments. Died at Marietta, 
Ohio, 6 Dec, 1813. 

Jedediah Kilburn Smith, born in Amherst; son of Jonathan 
Smith; not a college graduate; read law with Samuel Dana; com- 
menced practice about 1800; representative in CongTess 1807-9; lacked 
but one vote of being chosen Senator in Congress in 1810; was coun- 
cilor and post-master many years ; died, a victim of intemperance, in 
December, 1828. 

Edmund Parker, born in Jaffrey, N. H., graduated at Dartmouth 
College in 1803, in the class with Henry Hubbard, Reuben D. Mussey, 
and Judge Nathan Weston, of Maine ; commenced practice in 1807, 
succeeded to the bushiess of David Everett ; was Solicitor of Hillsbo- 



XXIIT.] LAU'YFRS. 4l't7 

roiiuli cuiintv, JiiiI,l;(.' of I'roluit", aiidri'in-csriitativo; reiiiovcil to Nasluia 
ill is:}."), wln'iv 111' was a-^t'iit for tln^ .laciksoii Manufacturing Coini>any 
^I'Vt'ial years; dii'il in Claivinout .Se])ti'nil>i'r. IS.'O. 

Samiki. I) k LI., son of .John licll, Ivs(|., of f.ondondejTV. i;Tatluated at 
Dartnioutli Collt'nc iu 17!):5; n-ad law with Judge Sannitd Uana; com- 
Mii'iicod i>ractici' in Fraiiccstown ; ivinovcil to AnduTst in ISOS; re- 
inaini'd li'ie until iSll, wIkmi he icniovtHl to Chester. While Iiere he 
huilt the house now owned l>v Hon. Harrison Eaton. He wa.s governor 
of the state three year.s, and United States senator twelve years; died in 
Chester I)ecend)er, l!S.5(). 

Nathamki, SiiATTi'CK, born in Temple, graduated at Dartmouth 
College in 1M)1, in the elass with Daniel AVebst'r; read law with Renj. 
J. CJilh'ert, of Hanover, and Timothy Biglow, of (iroton, Mas.s.; admitted 
to the Middlesex County Bar in ISOl; commenced practice in Milford 
iu 1806; removed to Amherst ])rior to 1812, where he remained until 
18:](); removed to Rrookline, afterward to Mason; died in the Asylum 
for the Insane, at Concord, September, 1801, ageil ninety years. He 
was the last survivor of his class in college. 

Clikton Cr.AG<;KTT, sou of Hon. Wy.seman Ciaggeit,was born in 
I'ortsiuoutii; not a college graduate; read law with his father; commenc- 
ed practice in Litchfield iu 1787: removed to Andierst in 1811 ; was rejv 
resentative in Congress six years; Justice of the .'-iupi'rior Court of New 
Hampshire, and Judge of Probate for Ilillsbnrough county; died in 
•Fauuary, I8-J!l. 

IvouKiJT Mkans, .TK.. son of Col. Uobi'rt Mimus, graduated at Bow- 
doin College iu 1^07; read law with Charles H. Atherton and Jeremiah 
Mason; commenced practice in Andierst, and remained tiiere mitil 18.']1 ; 
he removed to Lowell, where he died in September, 181J. 

Emsha FrLLKK Wallace, born in Amlvrst. now Milford; grad- 
uated at Dartmouth College in 1811; real law with .Solomon K. Liver- 
more; practiced his profession in Marblehead. Mass; removed to Am- 
herst iu 1820, where he was clerk of the courts of Hillsborough county; 
removed to Syracu.se, Xew York, in 1825; died in 1870, aged seventy- 
eight. 

Andukw Wai.i.ack. a nativi- of .\mhi'rst. now Milford; not a college 
graduate; read law with N'alhaniel Shattuck an«l Daniel Abltott; prac- 
ticed in Mont \'ernon and Hancock; came to Andierst in IS'Jl; was 
clerk of the courts iu Hillsborough county tiftecn years; resumed jwac- 
tice in 18 50; died in September, 18.3(3. 

K/.KA rnKscoTT cojiim^nced practice in France.stowii, wlience, in 
1"^_M, he remov.Ml to Gr'enfield; was elrctel Register of Deeds for 
Hillsborough county in the spring of 1828; reincved to Amherst in the 



468 HISTORY OF AMHERST. [Chap. 

autumn of that year, where he resumed the practice of his profession 
in 1840. lie died in September, 1845, ai^ed sixty-four. 

Hubbard Xewtox graduated at Dartmouth College in 1804; prac- 
ticed his profession at Newjiort; came to Amlierst in 1835, succeeding 
to the business of Edmund Parker. After al )out five years he returned 
to Newport, where he died in 1847. 

Perley Dodge, born in New Boston ; graduated at Union College 
in 1824 ; read law with Titus Bro\vn and Xehemiah Eastman ; com- 
menced practice in Francestown in 1828; removed thence to New Bos- 
ton in 18-32; came to Amherst shortly aftei-. where he is still living 
(1882). 

Berxard Bemus Whittemore, l)oni in Boston, Mass., graduated 
at Harvard College in 18;39; read law \\ith Atherton & Sawj'er, of 
Nashua, and attended Dane Law School, at Cambridge, Mass.; com- 
menced practice in Nashua in 1843; came to Amlierst the same year, 
where he remained until 1845, when he returned to Nashua. He is 
now engaged in the publication of tlie Nashua Gazette. 

William Saxtox Mortox, born in Roxbury, Mass., graduated at 
Harvard College in 1831 ; read law with Sidney Bartlett, Esq.; com- 
menced practice in the office of Perley Dodge in 1840 ; reiuained here 
but a short time ; died in Quincy, Mass., in Sei^tember, 1871. 

Presbury West, -JR.. l)orn in St. Johnsbury, Yt., and George W. 
Morrison opened an office in the Farmers' Banlc building in 1845. ]Mr. 
West read law with Isaac Fletcher, Esq., and commenced practice iu 
Faiiiee, Yt. He remained in Amherst but a short time, and the busi- 
ness of the firm was transferred to ^Manchester. 

Stephex Peabody, son of William Peabody. Esq., of Amherst, now 
Milford, graduated at Harvard College in 1803; read law with Solomon 
K. Livermore, John Phillips, and David Evei-ett ; practiced his profes- 
sion in Exeter and Portsmouth, but relinquished it and engaged in 
farming in Milford. He was appointed Register of Probate for Hills - 
borough county in 1839, and removed to Amherst. After leaving this 
office he resumed the practice of law; died in January, 1847. 

PHYSICIANS. 

iSIosES Nichols, from Reading, Mass., settled here as early as 1761, 
and remained in practice until his death in May, 1790. He was an ac- 
tive and influential citizen, and filled many important civil and military 
offices. At the head of his regiment he commenced the attack upon 
the Hessians at Bennington in 1777. He also commanded a regiment 
at West Point, at the time of Arnold's treason, in 1780. 



XXIIT.] PTTYSTCIANS. 409 

Skth Ames, Iniin Diidliuin, Mass.. l)r()tlu'r ol' the crli'l»nitt!<l (initur 
and statfsiiiaii, Fislicr .Vines, ^ra'luate 1 at IlarvanJ ('olle^f in 17GI in 
tJi*' class with John Wilkins; practici'd luTi' from alumt 177t> to 1777, 
when liis ht-alth t'ailin:;' from tlie excessive use of snutf, he ielini|uislu'd 
|>iactice and returned to I)e<lhani, wiiere he died 1 .lanuarv, 1778. 

IIe.nry Codman, son of Henry Codnian, an Irish innnii^'rant, wa.s 
liorn in .Middleton, Mass. IJis mother was a near relative of Hev. Mr. 
Wilkins. He i»racticed here nearly forty years, and died iji March, 
181l*. His son, Henry C'oilman. practiced in MonI Vernon a short 
time, liul died youni^'. 

Kbk.nkzku Weston, jr.. was in jtractice here some years. "Wes- 
ton's Itch Ointment," of which tons were manufactured liy Read & 
"s])alding, originated with him. 

S.\.MUKi- Cl'itTis, from Siiaron, M;uss., graduated at Harvartl C<jllege 
in 17GiJ; wa.s a surgeon in the army of tiie Kevolntion: settled in Am- 
herst in 1789. and was in practice here a few years. He finally gave up 
Ids profe.ssional business for that of an inn-kcej)er. lit; also kept an 
ai>othecary's store in his tavern; com[iiIed and pul)lishi'd a pocket 
almanac and register several yf'fvrs, ln-side other pul>lications of various 
kinds, and served as ])Ost-mavSter several years. In his old age he loved 
to hear and tell the news and relate rare instanci's which had come 
under his personal oliservation or of which he had heard. Being rather 
credulous, .some of the stories he reporte<l would have done credit to 
tile "Pickwick Clul.." He died in 18i.'J. 

Moses Nichols, ,m., son of (ien. Moses Nichols, studied his profession 
under the direction of his father and commenced practice here in 1781 : 
removed to Thornton in 1787, thence to Canada in 18i>"J; returned to 
Amherst in 180"); remained here until 1811 when lie again removed to 
Canada. He died at Slierl)rooke, Canada, in XovemlK-r, 18l!t. 

Natha.niki. IlExriiMAX, from Lynn, Mass., settletl here in 17>>:{. ami 
ri'iiiaiiied in practice until his death in May, IStMt. 

.loiiN MrssEv, a native of Kingston. studie<l Ins profession with 
(ien. .Nichols; settled in Pelham in 17<!fi; in Amherst in 17i»l. where 
lie remained until 18l»), when he removed to IVterhorotigh, when' he 
died in Januaiy. 18;U. He was father of Prof. Reul)en Himond .Mus. 
-ey. the celehrattvl surgeon and instructor in surgeiT. 

KoGEUS S.MiTH. l>orn in Middleton. Mass.. came, in infancy, with his 
father's family, to Andiei-st ; commenced practice prior to I8(l4; re- 
moved to Mont Vernon in 1808, thence to (Jn-enbush, N. Y., finally to 
Weston, Vt., where he died in ISKi. He was father of Hev. Asa Doilge 
Smith, the president of Dartmouth College from 1863 to 1871. 



470 HISTORY OF AMHERST. [Chap. 

jMatthias Spaldixg, son of Col. Simeon Spalding, of Chelmsford, 
Mass., gradnated at Harvard College in 1708; studied medicine with 
Dr. Benjamin Waterhouse, of Cambridge, and Dr. H A. Hoh'oke, of 
Salem, Mass.; visited England in 1800, where he attended the medical 
lectures of Sir Astley Cooper and other noted physicians and 
surgeons; on his return he commenced practice in Chebirsford, whence, 
in 1896, he removed to Amherst, where he continued in practice until 
disabled by the infirmities of age. He died 2.5 May, ISGo, aged nearly 
ninety-six years. 

Charles F. Hildrkth graduated at Harvard College in 1828; prac- 
ticed here a short time; in 1824 removed to Boston. 

Ambrose Skaton. son of Deacon John Seaton, jr., graduated at 
Dartmouth Medical School in 1825; commenced practice in 1826. 
About 1830 he i-emoved to Boston, thence at a later date to Greenup, 
Kentucky, where he died. 

Amory Gale, a native of Warwick, Mass., graduated at Bowdoin 
College in 1821; practiced in Lancaster, Mass., some years; settled in 
An^herst in November, 18:J-i, where he remained until 1889. He died 
hi 1873. 

Francis Perry Fitch, a native of Greenfield, M'ho graduated at 
Dartmouth Medical College in 1831, connnenced practice in New Bos- 
ton, whence he removed to Amhei'st in 1839; succeeded to Dr. Gale's 
business in Amherst, and remained in successful practice until 1865 
when he removed to i\Iilford. After a few years he relinquished prac- 
tice, and removed to Vineland, N. J., where he died in December, 
1874. 

Edward Aiken, son of Rev. Silas Aiken, graduated at Dartmouth 
College in 1851 ; succeeded to the practice of Dr. Fitch in Amherst in 
1865. 

George W. Moor, a native of Princeton, IMass., graduated at Dart- 
mouth College in 1841; settled here in July, 1843, and remained in 
practice until his death, in September, 1866. 

P. D. Baker commenced practice here in 1855, but remained only a 
short time. He removed to Maine where he died. 

Bradley H. Bartlett practiced in Manchester and Pittsfield, and 
was a surgeon in the civil war; settled in Amherst in 1872. In Octo- 
ber, 1876, he was disabled by paralysis, and died in December follow- 
ing. 

C. M. Dodge practiced here a few months, commencing in April, 
1878, and was succeeded by A. C. Buswell, who remained but a short 
time. 

W. H. Dinsmore settled here in 1880, and is now in practice. 



XXIII. ] WITCH STORIES. 171 

WITCH STORIES. 

It is a little roniarkable that lU) more witch stories luivr 
been handed down to ns from the iirst settlers of the town. 
Coming as they did from the vicinity of S;drm. the ti-ans- 
actions of 1692, in wliich their immediate anecstors l)ore a 
part, mnst have been in vivid rememl>ranee, and they would 
be likely to attribute their mishaps to the interference of 
the "Father of lies," or his imps in human form. 

Two stories of such suj)i)osed interfei-ence liave come 
down in the family of Dr. John Mussey, which wc; ^ive : 

Dr. Mnsscv piartici'd niiMliciiM' in l'clli;im I'or soim- yt';irs. tlit'ii(;(.' In' 
rt'inovL'd to Aniliorst, wliciv lit- ivniiiined a sliort tinin. and finally .s<^lt led 
in Peterborough, where he died. After his removal to IVtcrlioroufih, 
the doctor and his wit'c started on a jonrncy (o IVlluun to visit her 
relatives, the Butlers, in tliat place. While stoitpinn- in .\inh('rst,on the 
way there, he exchanged honses with his son-in-law. .Solomon IVince, 
and went on hi.s way feeling perfectly safe with Mr. Prince's "steady 
old nag." While in I'elliani he attempted to collect a small hill which 
an old woman, who was rejtiited to he a witch, owi-d him. She was in- 
ilignaut and refused to pay it. On the way home the old horse acted 
sti'angely, .so that it was almost perilous to lide after him. After hi> 
arrival home the doctor attempted to use the hor.se to grind .some apples 
in the cider-mill, hut althougli he appeared to try and go, he somehow 
nuxde but little progress. On another occasion, wlien they attem)>ied to 
adjust the crupper uj>on him. the horse threw u]i his heels .so that it 
was dangerous to atteni]it doing it. Dr. ^lussey's son ,Iohn, who was 
])re.sent, told tlie hired man to leail the horse to the side of the hog-jx^i 
and he would reach out of a w indow llieic and do it. but this being 
• lone, the horse .sijuatted every time it was attempted, .lohn then called 
for an axe, declaring he would beat the perver.se animal's brains out : but 
the blow aimed at tin- horse's head was dodged, and only asliuht wound 
over one of the eyes was inilicted. This was sullicient : the hor>e at 
once became tractable; but the old woman in I'elham wa> observed to 
wear a patch over one of her eye> tor a l<)ng time after. 

Another old wonuui in I'elham was reputed to lie a witch. When it 
was laid to her charge she said it was not an unpardoiud>le sin if she 
wjis one. One day she wa.s at Dea. Ibitler's house when hi- and his smi 
brought a log into tin- door-yard. She asked them what they w«'re 
going to do with that hollow log. The deacon toM her the log was a 
sound one ; but she iusisteil it was hollow, and sai<l she could crawl 



4T2 HISTORY OF AMHERST. [Chap. 

through it. Upon being told to do it if she covdd, she actually appeared 
to do so, the deacon pounding the log smartly with his goad-stick 
meantime, of -which pounding she was supposed to have the full benefit. 
She was terribly angry at him when she came out of the log. 

"cabinet'' clippings. 

All parties, from the town minister to the printer's devil, 
have had a hearing in the columns of the "• Farmers' Cabinet." 
Some of these are given. 

The worthy Publican of the village had his troubles, 
which induced him to do a cash business. This purpose 
was announced in the " Cabinet," 10 March, 1803, as follows : 
ONCE FOR ALL. 

All persons indebted to the subscriber above four cents will remem- 
ber that the time of service for March Court expires in a few days. 

SAMUEL CURTIS. 
K. B. Grog sold for cash onlij. 

Capt. Dickenson, evidently a man of some consequence 
in his day, made proclamation in the " Cabinet," of 26 
March, 1803, as follows: 

Capt. Dickenson, formerly servant to Generals Washington, Putnam, 
&c., &c., is no coward, but a man of honor, repaired to meet his antag. 
onist at time and place, armed cap-a-pie ; like a gentleman he waited for 
his rival; but he did not come, and this advertisement will show to the 
world that he is honorable even to the end. 

" Paid for." 

Stage-driver Wheat had his share of trouble. After an- 
nouncing the times and seasons of the goings and comings 
of his stage, he says : 

" Notwithstanding an opposition has arisen on said line, the subscriber 
has faith as a grain of mustard-seed, and hopes his customers and old 
friends will help him to remove the mountain and cast it back to the 
New York line, that the owner may enjoy his dear-bought line in peace. 
He has now new sets of horses, good carriages, and faithful drivers with 
him on the line. 

Now come on my friends and give me your money and you shall 
have complete satisfaction. 

April 29, 1803. ' JOSEPH WHEAT." 



XXIII.] "cabinet" clippings. 473 

The l>il)lc was stolen from tli(^ j)iiljiit in the meetiuu-house, 
whicli called out the lollowiiiu- iiolice from the deaeons : 

" VILLAINY I I 

The H11»I>H was taken from the Pulpit of tlic int'etin},^-house in this 
towii.tlie first week in XovpmLcr, (luiiuL; tlie sitting of the Supreme 
Court. It was tiie Phihvdeljihia edition of the puljiit biblk; a very 
]ar<;(> folio. eley;antly printed on the best of paper without plates, and 
without nuir;^inal notes. The Apocraphy was printed in Italic. The 
BIBLE was almost new, and had the name of the donor on one of the 
lilank leaves. It cost twenty-six dollars. 

Whoever will give information of the person or persons who com- 
mitted the sacriligious deed, so that they nuiy lie Lroiight to justice, 
shall he very handsomely rewarded. 

SAMUEL WILKIXS, j In I.ehalf 
AMOS ELLIOTT, \ of the Church 

-lOllX SEATOX. j of Amherst 

Amherst, Dec. ;3. ISUo." 

But all efforts to discover tiie thief, or the " |tiil|tit Bible," 
were uuavailiuu". 

The Gihiiiel has l)eeii guilty of tclliiiir s(jme rather in- 
credible stories. One of these made its appearance in the 
is.sne of 3 March, 1 SOT. 

''MAMMOTH BOY. 

On the 2:M ultimo ^Ir. Joshua Jones, of Milfonl, was delivered of a 
tine son weighing fifteen pouiuls ! I " 

In tlie next issue the story was corrected thus: 

''MAMMOTH MISTAKi:. 

In the paragraph in our last respecting the • MamiiKith /i<>>/,* read the 
irl/e n/r 

ilnw many drinks the mistake cost the (MJilor we are not 
informed. 

Seventy years ago it was customary for the tow n's peo|»le 
to assemble on a given day and assist their pastor in getting 
his stock of wood for tlie season. The following notice of 
one of these gatherings at Mr. Barnard's is found in the 
Cabinet of 20 January, 1816 : 



474 HISTORY OP AMHERST. [Chap. 

" The subscriber takes this opportunity to inform his Neighbors and 
Friends in this town, that he shall be happy to wait upon them on 
Monday next, if the weather should be good ; if not, the first fair day 
after. And as his door-yard is empty, and the weather cold, it will af- 
ford him an additional pleasure to see them accompanied with good 
axes, teams, and sleds. While he hopes for future favors, he grate- 
fully acknowledges the reception of such as are past. 

JER. BARNARD." 

Tanner Chickeriiig, too, liad a hearing. His wants were 
made known in a few words. 

" I call upon all whom it may concern for a settlement by the first 
of February next. 

Those who are under the law must suffer the consequence of the 
law, and those that are under the gospel wdll do as the gospel directs^ 
that is, do as they would be done by. 

Amherst, Jan. 1, 1817." 

Being a decided Jacksonian, he made known his desires for court 
boarders of like faith. 

" I should like twenty Jackson men and others to board at court 
tinie. 

February 9, 1831. ISAAC CHICKERING." 

A voice from behind the anvil. 

" Strike while the iron is hot." 

William Crosb}', blacksmith, acquaints those for whom he has so 
long blown at the heUoios, without their helping him " to raise the wind," 
till his /ire is out, that unless they /are the anvil by the 15th inst., and help 
him blow up the coals, they must expect he will work up their old iron 
for them, haul them ocer the coal.'^, and expose them to the Jire and the 
hammer of justice. 

Merrimack, Sept. i, 1823. 

Crosby afterward carried on the blacksmithing business 
in an old shop near the Chickering bridge in Amherst. 

Mr. Boylston was frequently very happy in dunning his 
delinquent customers. One of these duns, in his best style, 
appeared 6 February, 1823. 

" An old author has unfortunately recorded the fact that a man, ap- 
parently in the best of health, fell dead as he was paying an old 
debt. 



XXI IJ.] LOCAL NAMKS. 475 

This serious affair has filled thousands and thousands with fear of 
the like accident, and forever deters them iVoni paying their old debts. 
But we would assure our good friends, the delinquentK, that they need 
not be deterred ironi this cause, as no man ever yet died of paying the 
Priitler." 

Finally, the attendant imp, the "printer's devil," had his 
say. One of this class, somewhat poetically inclined, an- 
nounced tlu' marriage of an ancient couple as follows : 

"Manicd, in tliis town, on Sunday cvcnint; last, Di-a. David Stanley, 
aged <jy, to Miss Patience Melendy, aged o^. 

"Thus good old Patience long did wait 
In her unmarried state, 
Till by appointment David came, 
And led her up to Hymen's gate." 

LOCAL NA.MKS. 

Bulxisiirt, the name of the great pond, as written in the proprietors' 
book of records, 1753. 

Beuccr Meadoir, in the east part of the town. Proprietors' records 
175). 

Chestnut Hills. Town records, vol. J., p. i'-i. 

Dunjon Brook: Town records, vol. I., is now called Stiles's Brook. 

Folh/ Bridtje crosses Beaver Brook near Mr. AVilloby's, on tin- old 
bridle path from the llollis to the Nashua road. 

Hidf-watj Brook crossed the road from Shei>ar(rs mills to Lynde- 
borough, near Dea. liobbs's place. 

Li/on's Bridge has since been known as the Kcu(hick, and now as> 
the Pauper Farm bridge, across the Sonhegan. 

Xorth mil, in Mont Vernon, is mentioned in vol. I.. [>. i:>. town 
records. 

Prince's Brook runs from -loc English to Babboosuck pond : so nanu'd 
from Lt. Joseph Prince. Town records, vol. I., p. 65. 

Quohquinapassakessanohnoji : this jaw-breaker is given in tlie .Massa- 
chusetts court records as the name of a place "at and on" the Souhe- 
gau river, where several farms, granti'd by the court in KitJu. were 
located by that pioneer surveyor, Joiuvthan Danforth, Kscj. 

Straddlepole is the name given to a rough tract of land in the north- 
east part of the town, better adapted to growing wood and timber 
than for any other purpose. The name has been attributed to Dr. Cod- 
man, but probably originated from some other source, as it is found 
in vol. L, town records. 



476 HISTORY OP AMHERST. [Chap. 

Souhegan, the name of the river, is sometimes spelled, in the old rec- 
ords, Sowhegan ; more frequently Soughegan ; rarely, Souheganack. 
It is said to mean " worn-out lands." Sometimes it was called Nata" 
cook, meaning a clearing. Probably the Indian sijuaws raised their 
supplies of corn on the interval near by. 

" The Vmej/ard" was in the northeast part of the town, between 
the place formerly owned by Mr. Isaac Upham and Damon's pond. 
The road from Prince's to Chestnut Hill crossed it. Its fruits were 
hardly equal to those of Eschol of old. 

Dr. Codman is said to have given names to several of the school 
districts. 

No. 1 (on the Plain) he christened Lower Flanders. That part which 
lay on the old road to Xew Boston he called Upper Flanders. The 
north-west parish folks, who bore the dwellers on the Plain no good 
will, lumped the two together, and gave them the name of Sodom, and 
spoke of " seeing the smoke of their torment ascending to the 
heavens on frosty mornings," displaying somewhat of the spirit dis- 
played by one of their number who gave, as a Fourth of July toast, in 
the days when Parson Jeremiah prophesied against the democracy : — 

" Amherst ; — It has a big meeting-house with a tall steeple ; an Ar- 
minian preacher and a cursed people." 

Xo. 2 was known as " Carnal End." Some of the inhabitants were 
said to be rather close in their dealings, fond of ''saving grace " (Dei 
gratia, on the old Spanish coin). Some, it was reported, would pinch 
the United States dollar so hard that it would make the " eagle 
scream."' 

No. 8 was known as Cricket Corner, from the abundance of those 
insects found there in the autumn. 

District No. 4, the residence of Parson Barnard and some of his 
deacons, was known as Christian Hill. The boys rather irreverently 
named it " Brimstone Corner." 

District No. 5, south of the river, was known as Danforth's Corner, 
from David Danforth, one of the principal inhabitants, who kept tav- 
ern, and carried on the blacksmithing business there many years ago. 

District No. 6, near the pond, was appropriately enough called Pond 
Parish. 

District No. 8, on the New Boston road, was called Curly Row, from 
a numerous family of curly-haired Stanleys, who lived on the place 
now owned by Mr. John Gould ; while the Goffstown road was called 
Pestleborough, from Amos Dodge's mortar-and-pestle manufactory on 
the brook which crossed the road not far from his house. 

District No. 9 was known long before Dr. Codman's day as Chestnut 
Hills. 



XXIV.] GENEALOGIES. 



CHAPTER XXI \. 

nKXi:AL()(;JP]S AND FAMILY REr.ISTERS. 

AnHRi-JViATiONS, — I)., l)orn : in., ma mod : d.. died; irs.. 
ivsidos ; rem., removed. R Jiuaii numerals, ], II, 111, 
lY, refer to generations, the first of tlie name in this coun- 
try beiniT reckoned as I. Where cities and towns in New 
Hampshire are referred to, the name of the state is not 
g-iven. In other cases the name of the slate or country is 
usiuilly given. A f V)i'fi)iv a name indicates that it is to 
lie found in another list, or family. 

ABBOT. 

I. (George Abbot, from wliom the families heai'ing the 
name in Andierst were descended, emigrated, as tradition re- 
ports, from Yorkshire, England, about 1()-10. He was 
among the first settlers in Andover, Mass., in 1(U3, and one 
of the j>r()prietors of the lown. In 1647 he married Hannah 
Chandler, who died 11 .June. 1711. lie di<Ml 24 Decoml»er. 
1681, aged 66. 

II. .John Abbot, son of (Jeorgo, lived with his father in 
the garrison house in An(h)ver. He was nuudi emphiyed in 
town business, and upon the (jrgani/ation (^f the church in 
Andover, in 1711, he was chosen one of its deacons. He 
was b. 2 March, 1648 ; m. Sarah l^arker in 1673, who d. 
10 February. 1729, aged 82. He d. 1<) .Ab.ich. 1721. 

ill. Their .son, Ephhalm Abbot, was b. 15 August, 1682 ; 
d. S June, 1748: m. Sai'ah Hunt. 'J'hcy lived in An(h)vi'r. 
Their children were — 



478 HISTORY OP AMHERST. [Chap. 

1. Sai-ah, 1). S March, 171G ; m. fSamuel Gray, of Amherst. 

2. \Ephruim, b. 1 August, 1718; settled in Amherst. 

3. Mary, b. 20 July, 172U. 

4. jJoshia, b. 1 October, 1722 ; settled in Amherst. 

5. Daniel, b. 14 September, 1724; m. Lydia Ilenfield. 

6. EUzaheth, b. 10 July, 1726 ; m. Asa Abbot ; d. 18 December, 1819. 

7. ]Josiah, b. 4 September, 1728 ; settled in Amherst. 

8. Ebenezer, b. 3 March, 1731 ; d. 1!) December, 1771. 

9. Martha, b. 10 April, 1733; d. 5 May, 1733. 

10. Peter, b. 19 May, 1734 ; d. 18 April, 1774. 

11. Martha, b. 24 July, 1737; m. jCapt. Archelaus Towne, of Am- 
herst. 

IV. 2. Ephraim Abbot, b. in xliidover 1 August, 1718 ; 
m. (1) Marj Abbot ; in. (2) Hannah Kneeland ; settled in 
Amherst. Their children were — 

12. Mary, b. 22 March, 1741; m. fPeter Goss. 

13. Ephraim, b. 16 December, 1742; m. Dorothy Stiles; d. in Goffs- 
town, 1827. 

14. Hannah, b. 12 March, 174") ; m. Shattuck, of Hollis. 

15. Knee/and, b. 17 May, 1748; m. Stanley. 

16. Sarah, h. 14 June, 1751 ; ni. William Codman, of Deeriug. 

17. Dorcas, h. 7 August, 1752 ; m. George Wiley, of Amherst. 

18. Esther, b. 6 March, 1755; m. Benjamin Pike, jr., of Amherst; 
settled in Montpelier, Vt. 

19. Abigail, h. 30 July, 1756 : m. Samuel Twiss, of New Boston, 25 
April, 1781. 

20. Daniel b. 1 April, 1762 ; m. Sarah Stevens, 28 July, 1786. 

lY. 4. Joshua Abbot, b. in Andover, Mass., 1 October, 
1722 ; m. Phebe Ingalls ; settled in Amherst. Their chil- 
dren were — 

21. Phebe, b. 20 August, 1750 ; m. Everden. 

22. Sarah, b. 27 January, 1752 ; d. young. 

23. Joshua, b. 10 May, 1754; m. Deborah Chandler. 

24. Elizabeth, b. 12 Xovember, 1756. 

25. Stephen, b. 28 September, 1759 ; m. Sarah Lovejoy 8 August, 
1782. 

26. Sarah, b. 19 February, 1761. 

27. Peter, b. 28 July, 1762 ; m. Abigail Farnum 23 October, 1788. 

28. A child, b. 16 April, 1764; d. in infancy. 



XXI Y.] GENFALOfilES. 479 

29. ,'1 cliUil, li. 3 April, 17(5;"); d. in infancy. 

30. .1 chilli, 1). IG I'Vhrnary. 17G7 ; <1. in infjiiicy. 

31. Joscji/i, 1). l23 .lunuary, 177"_*. 

IV. 7. JosiAH AitBOT, 1». in Aiulovcr -■') September, 1728 ; 
m. ILiniKih llolihs. They sett led in Amherst. Tlu'li- chil- 
dren were — 

32. Hannah, h. LS Sei)teml)i'r, 17.")."); iii. S. ( 'liainlicrlin. 

33. Amy, l>. ."> .June, 1757 ; d. 1777. 

34. Jnsinh, h. 18 Ueceniher, 17.")0. 

35. Williaiii, b. "21 December, 17(il ; d. 23 Decenilwr, 1704. 

30. Lemuel, b. 13 May, 1701; ni. Deborah Balch ; lived in Wind- 
ham, Vt.; d. 10 January, istl. 

37. Wailam, h. 28 April, 17GG : d. U) ^biy. 1700. 
3.S. Daniel, b. 13 July, 17G!» : m. Sally .Vllison. 

39. Darius Abbut, b. in Anduwr, Mass., 1.") June 17o7 ; 
ra. Mary Holt 1 November, 1757. They settled in Aiulierst 
prior to 1775. Their ehildi-en were — 

4(1. Auna, 1'. 31 August, 175S; d. 11 Octolier, 1777. 

41. Henri/, h. 1 June. 17()1. 

42. Elizabeth, b. 2() May. 1703. 

43. Paul. b. S March. 17(i(). 

44. Tri/pheiia. b. 23 February. 17iil>: in. ,Johu Wallace. 

45. Call-ill, b. 15 April. 1771 : m. Lucy Dutton ; d. 14 Augu.st, ls41. 

40. Hannah.) i , , . . , , ,-,-- ^ m. Joel .Jones (1st wife). 
,- r ,, - b. 11 September, 17/0 ; -^ , i • < . . , i ,; i — 

4(. Luther, > * < d. 14 Se-ptcmlicr, \it,). 

4S. Nancji, m. .Foel Jones (2d wife). 

40. Henry Abbot, 1). in Andovei-. Mnss., .'> Mureli, 17S5; 
d. in Amherst '26 March, 1S68 ; m. Rhoda Bailey .lunmirv, 
ISII : she wa.s b. 1789 : d. 1 September, 1854. Their chil- 
dren were — 

.50. Xathan I'., b. Ki Xovcmbcr. ISU. 

51. Timnthij li.. b. 2!) January. 1^11. 

52. Eliza. 

53. Marji. 

54. Rhoila. b. 9 April, 1817. 

55. Azel B., > , o^ t i io.ia 
-,. If r, ,-- b. 2^ July, l!?20. 
,m. Alar If B. \ 

57. Archer P., b. Decembei', 1822. 



480 HISTORY OP AMHERST. [Chap. 

58. Sylvia Arm, b. 24 August, 1826. 

59. Asa Warren, b. 5 September, 182.0 ; d. 1 November, 1829. 

ADAMS. 
1. Henry Adams came from England in 1634, and set- 
tled at Mount Wollaston, now Quincy, Mass., where he d. 
(j October, 1646. His son — 

n. Samuel Adams,!). 1617 ; m. (1) Rebecca Graves ; she 
d. October, 1662 ; m. (2) Esther Sparhawk 7 May, 1668. 
They lived in Charlcstown, and afterward in Concord, but 
finally settled in Chelmsford, Mass., where he d. 24 Janu- 
ary, 1688-9. In company with his brother, Thomas, he 
erected mills in the easterly part of Chelmsford, near the 
site of the city of Lowell. 

III. Joseph Adams, son of Samuel, succeeded his father 
on the homestead in Chelmsford, and d. there. He was 
succeeded by his son — 

IV. Joseph Adams, who, in turn, was succeeded by his 
son — 

V. Joseph Adams, whose son — 

VI. 1. Levi Adams, b. in Chelmsford, 14 June, 1764 ; 
m. Lydia Farrar. They settled in Temple, but afterward 
rem. to Amherst, and located at Danforth's Corner, where 
he d. 14 September, 1805, from injuries received by a kick 
from a horse. His widow m. (2) Capt. Jacob Danforth 16 
October, 1811, and d. 3 January, 1845, aged 78. Their 
children were — 

2. Lydia, h. in Temple 24 AugiLst, 1780 : m. fDavid Secombe 18 
December, 1823 ; settled in Milford. 

;}. Abel, h. 22 August, 1790 ; d. 3 December, 1791. 

4. Abel, b. 22 December, 1792 : m. ; d. at West Rox- 

bury, Mass., 7 July, 1867. 

5. \Levi, h. 21 April, 1795. 

(). Rebecca, b. 21 February, 1798 ; m. Rev. Abel C'onant, of Leomin- 
ster, Mass., 30 March, 1821, now res. in Amherst. One child, Maria 
R., d. in Amherst 12 July, 1865, aged 40. 



XXI V.J CRNEAUxai-N. 481 

7. Mara L'ule, h. Dcceiiil'er. 17!»!); d. in Aiiili.-rst ■_'.") Mmvli. 1SH8; 
iiniiiaiTied. 

8. Char/otle, h. 'Jl August, 18!)2: in. t^avM Stewart. 

9. Catherine, b. iliOctohcr, isil-t; d. f) XowiiiKer, 18l»4. 

Vll. 5. Levi Adams, I), lil A|)ril, IT'.'.'i : m. his cou.sin, 
Lucv Fanui', of 'reiuplc ; SL'ttlod on tliclanii imw (iwnrd hy 
Luther Co;i;,uiu, whci'c ho d. ID July, 1S:>4. Alte-i- hi.s (h.-ath 
his wiihjw and cliildren Xch tuwu. Shr d. in Erie. Pa., 28 
Au«>ust, 1865, au'od-BS yeai-s. Thcii' chihln-M wrre — 

10. Charles Frederick, \). -2') .Iiiiie, 182); was a physician in Kut- 
land, Vt. ; became insane, and d. lu Kebrnaiy, 1882. 

11. Alihij LarLiii, \k 14 January, 1823; m. (Jeorge Fnulkncr, m. i>., 
ol .Jamaica Plain, Mass. 

12. A/ie! Auyu.ttlne, b. 21 Jannary. 1^2."); i<s. in Erie, Pa. CL 

1:5. Mary Caroline, b. 10 November. 1827: m. L. D. .M'-rtliant : res. 
in Washington, D. C. 

11. Franklin Farrar, 1). (i August, ls:i(t. 

l.'>. Liidia Maria, b. 2!> .\ugust, 18;}2 ; d. in 1854. 

AIKEN. 

L KnwARD Aiken, b. iu Irehmd, 1<)60 ; ni. IJnriiarn Kd- 
wai'ds. Thoy emi,tirat(>d to Ainerica in 17-0, and s(>tthd 
iu Li»ndonden'y, whore ho d. in Xovoniber. 1747: sho d. in 
Aujrnst, 1744. They wore the ancostorsof most, it" n(d all, 
of the Xow IIain])sliiro Aikons. 

IL Nathaniel, son ol" Edward and IJarliara Aikon, was 
l». 14 May, lt)l)i>; ni. Marg-aret Cochran, of Londonderry, 1 
Dooonilier, 1720. Thoy settled iu Londonderry, wlioro he 
d. 17 July, 1782; sho d. in 178S. Thoy had twidvo ohil- 
diou. Of those — 

111. doHN, 1>. 18 Novondior, 1728: ni. Annis Orr in 
17.")8. Thoy settled at lirst in Londonderry, whore they re- 
mained eight or ton years, and then rem. t(j Bedford. He 
d. in Bedford 7 April, 1793. She was )>. in Ireland 28 
March, 1784; d. in Soi)tember, 181o. Of their eight chil- 
dren — 

:n 



48i5 HISTORY OF AMHERST. [Chap. 

TV. Phineas, the second son, b. 16 December, 1761 ; m. 
Elizabeth, daughter of Lt. John Patterson, of Amherst, 8 
December, 1789; she was b. 11 November, 1766 ; d. in An- 
dover, Mass., 21 September, 1855. He d. in Bedford 18 
April, 1836. He was a soldier in the Revolution; repre- 
sentative, selectman and town-clerk, and an officer m the 
church. Their cliildren were — 

1. Nancy Patterson, b. 16 September, 1790 ; m. Jonathan Aiken, of 
Goifstown, 22 November, 180!); «i. in 1880. 

2. Lucy, b. 15 July, 1792 ; m. Dr. Fred. A. ]\Iitcliell, of Bedford ; 
she d. 23 N"ovember, 1881. 

3. Betsey, b. 28 September, 1794 ; ni. Isaac Riddle, of Bedford, 30 
September, 1818; d. 21 October, 1843. 

4. John, b. 30 January, 1797 ; m. Harriet R. Adams, of Hanover, 14 
November, 1826; she d. 30 July, 1830, aged 35; m. (2) Mary Means 
Appleton, of Amherst, 22 May, 1832. He d. in 1867. 

5. ] Silas, b. 14 May, 1799. 

6. Charles, b. 2 March, 1802 ; m. Adeline Wiley, of Campton, June, 
1839; rem. to Wisconsin, subsequently to California. 

7. Da)dd, b. 7 June, 1804 ; m. (1) Lydia W. Root, of Greenfield, 
Mass., 26 October, 1844; she d. 13 November, 1845; m. (2) Mary E. 
Adams, of Amherst, Mass., 28 November, 1848. They res. in Green- 
field, Mass. 

8. Sarah An'nis,h. 31 December, 1806; m. William P. Black, of 
Manchester, Vt., 20 October, 1829. They res. in Manchester, Vt. 

9. Phineas, b. 22 April, 1809; d. in September, 1813. 

V. 5. Rev. Silas Aiken, fourth pastor of the Congrega- 
tional church in Amherst, b. in Bedford, 14 Ma}^, 1799; m. 
(1) Mary Osgood, only dau. of Dr. Joseph and Mary (Beck- 
ford) Osgood, of Salem, Mass., 25 March, 1829. She d. 8 
February, 1836, aged 32 ; m. (2) Sophia W. Parsons 24 May, 
1837 ; she d. 26 February, 1880, aged 79. He d. in Rut- 
land, Vt., 7 April, 1869. Their children were — 

10. ^Edward, b. in Amherst, 10 April, 1830; res. in Amherst. 

11. Mary Elizabeth, h. in Amherst 9 July, 1832; m. Marshall 
Blakely ; res. in Rutland, Vt. 

12. Susan Endicutt, b. in Amherst, 19 June, 1835. 

13. Henry Homes, b. in Boston 26 January, 1843 ; d. in Boston 1 
September, 1846. 

14. Harriet Sophia, b. in Boston 12 January, 1848 ; res. in Rutland, Vt. 



XXI\'.] GENEALO(;ii:s. 4H3 

VI. lU. Dr. EuwAiiU Aiki-jn, I), in Aiuhorst ID April, 
1830; in. (1) Susan Douj;licrtv, Jan. of Hon. John 0. Cole, 
All)any, N. Y., 5 September, 1855. She wa.s li. '2\ June, 
1835; d. at Horns, Syria, 20 June, 1850; ni. cJ) Sarah 
Cheney 22 July, 1857, at Abeih, Mt. Lebanon, Syria. 
'Pheir ehildren were — 

11. Eilwanl Chtiiei/, b. in Boston, Mas.s., 1 Octdbcr, 185S; a niiichin- 
ist ; ri's. in Manchester. 

1-J. Susan Cole, h. in Fitzwilliain 3 May, 18G1. 

13. S(tra/i Elizdhflfi, h. in Fitzwilliani 16 -Faiinary, 1MG3; d. in .\ni- 
li.Tst 111 March. 1870. 

11. Ilf'tiiji (hgooil, 1). in Kitzwilliani Ki Ani;nst, ISGl. 

l.">. Alfred DeFnrest, b. in Amherst; 15 April, l«tJG: <1. -Ji' .Ma v. 
ISGii. 

ALEXANDER. 

.Ia.mks Alkxander, b. in Londonderry lit April, 1802 ; ni. 
(1 ) Eli/a M.Dickryl4Jun.',ls35. She was b. 31 May, 1813 ; 
d. 25 JuiH', ls54; m. (2) Elizal)cth L. Reed 1 December, 
1854; settled in the easterly part of Mont Vernon, adjoiii- 
in«r Andierst, about 1836. Their children were — 

1. ^WiUiain Eihmrd, b. 30 .Inly, 1«37. 

:.'. James A., b. 17 November, 1838; m. Mary L. Sargent 3 Decem- 
l)er. 186U; res. in Boston, Mass. 

3. Haniel .1/.. !>. 2 April, 1842 : m. Era CluiHe 5 October, 1802: res. 
ill Mil ford. 

4. Man/ E., b. G May, 18-11; unmarried. 

."). .Sa/<«A /., b. G January, 184G ; m. John T. (irafton ; r<s. in Mij- 
t'ord. 

G. Ellen F., b. I) March, 18.'>n ; m. Kdward (Moutman, >>\ i.Nuii. 
Mass., 17 December, 1879. 

L William E. Alexander, b. 30 July, 1837 : m. Emma 
F. Keith 5 .July, 187L She was b. in Lawrence, Mass., 24 
June, 1848. They settled on the farm formerly owned by 
Dnniel Camjibell, Esip Their children were — 

7. Frank, b. 2G July, 1872; d. 24 December, 1872. 

5. Emma Ell:n, b. 10 October, 1873. 

!). George Warren, h. 31 August, 1874. 

10. End, h. 20 January, 187.'); d. 31 March, ls7:.. 

11. Jennie Louisa, b. 6 April, 1S77. 



484 HISTORY OF AMHERST. [Cliap. 

ALLD. 

Betsey Alld, d. 26 May, 1818, aged 24. 

ANGIER. 

Anson Angier and Dully P. Osgood were m. in May, 
1826; res. in Amherst a short time. Their daughter — 

Salhj Ann P., was b. IS May, 1827. 

APPLETON. 

1. Rev. Jesse Appleton, b. in New Ipswich 17 Novem- 
ber, 1772 ; graduated at Dartmouth College in 1792; or- 
dained and installed as minister of Hampton, 1797; presi- 
dent of Bowdoin College, 1807 ; d. in Brunswick, Me., 12 
November, 181'.'; m. Elizabeth, dan. of Col. Robert Means, 
27 September, 1800. 

After the death of her husband Mrs. Appleton returned 
to Amherst and resided with her children some years, on 
the farm west of the great meadow, now occupied by Mr. 
Drucker. Thence she rem. to Boston, where she d. 29 Oc- 
tober, 1844. Their children were — 

2. Mary Means, m. John Aiken 22 May, 1832. 

3. Jane Means, b. 12 March, 1806; m. Gen. Franklin Pierce 19 Xo- 
vember, 1834; was lady of the White House, at Washington, during 
her husband's administration ; d. 2 December, 1863. Their children 
were — 

1. Benjamin, b. 13 April, 1841. He was killed on the railroad 

at Andover, Mass., 6 January, 1853. 

2. Frank Robert, d. 14 November, 1843, aged 14 months. 

4. William, b. 7 November, 1808; graduated at Bowdoin College in 
1826; studied law; d. in Cincinnati, Ohio, 19 October, 1830. 

5. Elizabeth Frances, m. Professor Alpheus S. Packard 24 May, 1827 ; 
d. in Brunswick, Me., 2 June, 1839. 

6. Robert, m. Rebecca W. Means. 

7. John, b. 14 August, 1814; d. 19 October, 1817. 



XXIV.] GENEALOOIES. 485 

ARF?UC|iLE. 

II. William Arhuckle, the sou of an eini«>:raiit from 
the north of Jrcland, settled in Meri'imack previous to 1748. 
Two of his sisters, of wlioni one in. William MeCliier. also 
settled in Merrimaek. Sarah, the other sister, m. Ilimh 
<!illis, and tl. in Merrimaek 20 Febrnary, ls2'.', aired one 
hundred and one years and seven months. When she was 
ahout eiu'hteen ytMrs old she was left at home w ith ht-r 
mothtM- and younjj:er brothers and sisters, her father and 
older brothers having joined the army in the war against 
the Indians. One morning, while prc|)aring the hasty-pud- 
tling for breakfast, she was called to the door by a loud 
knoek, where she was alarmed by the sight of a liei-ee look- 
ing Indian. He made known to her, by signs, that he was 
wounded and wanted refreshment. Pitying him, she dressed 
his wound and he remtiined until he was well. 

Sonu' months subse(|Uently a jtarty of Indians suddenlv 
buist into the house, seized and Itouiul her l»rothers, and 
one, with a yell, had raised his tomahawk to strike her, 
when another Indian a|)peared and spoke a few words in 
theii' language, when they released their j)risoners and de- 
pai-ted (piietly. Their j)reserver jiroved to be the Indian 
she had befriended. 

III. JoH.v ARnrcKLR. s(»n of William, was a soldier of 
the Rcvolnlion. lie was 1). in Merrimaek in Xovember, 
ll.'rl: d. in Andierst 2;t March, 1839; m. Rachel Barron 
in 1777. She was b. in 1751; d. 3 March, 1814. They 
settled in Amherst, near the close of the Revolutionary war, 
on the |ilac(' now occupied l»y their grandson. William 
Stewart. Ttn'ir children were — 

1. Muri/, li. in 1778; <1. in XoveiiOuM", ISil; uiiiiKirrifd. 
'J. Ellzahelfi, h. \n 1770; d. in May, 1825; unmarried. 

3. Martha MrClurr,h. \\\ \1^\\ ni. .Solomon Rarmn "Jl ()(tolnT. 
1813; d. in 1835. 

4. WUImm. h. in 17S1; d. 6 July, bSDl. 

•J. Rachel, h. in 17'^6 ; d. 23 Xovember, 1811; unmarri<.-d. 



486 ' HISTORY OF AMHERST. [Chap. 

6. Jane, h.'m 1788; in. l^Ioses B. Stewart 1:5 .March, 1811; d. 22 
June, 1819. 

7. Nancy Patterson, b. in 17i*l ; d. 7 October, 1833 ; unmarried. 

8. Lwc^, b. in July, 1794; ni. Josiah Newell Melendy 5 February, 
1817; d. in December, 1877. 

ARMSTRONG. 

John D. Arjmstrong, from Bedford, lived several years 
on the farm on the road to Goifstown, now occupied by Mr. 
Hodgman. He m. (1) Sarah D. Atvvood, 1838 ; m. (2) Jane 
M. Wells, in 1850, and d. in Amherst 14 November, 1868. 
Their children, all b. in Bedford, were — 

1. William. 

2. John, a soldier in the civil war ; killed before Rielinuind. 

3. George Davidson. 
A. Edward. 

5. Sarah Jane, m. Frank Kendall. 

6. Clara, d. young. 

7. Elmer Ellsworth. 

ATHERTON. 

I. James Atherton was a resident in Dorchester, now 
Milton, Mass., prior to 1650, where he carried on the busi- 
ness of a tanner. About 1653 he removed to a part of 
Nashua which was incorporated that year by the name of 
Lancaster. There he remained until the sacking- of the 
town by the Indians, in 1676, when he returned to Dorches- 
ter. In 1703 he removed to Sherburn, in the county of 
Middlesex, where lied, attheageof eighty-six years. Prior to 
his death he conveyed his estate in Lancaster to his sons 
James and Joshua. 

II. Joshua, sou of James Atherton, b. at Lancaster 13 
May, 1656: rem. with his father to Dorchester in 1676, 
where he m. Mary Gulliver. He returned to Lancaster about 
1687, and settled on a part of the old homestead, where he 
followed the farming and tanning business. He left a 
numerous family of children. Of these — 




^ /» 



^^ 




XX 1\'.] (;kni:aL()(;irs. 4ST 

Hi. 1'i;ti:i{, the youii^^t'st son. h. 12 A|»iil. 17<>,"), m. Hx- 
per'u'iK'e Wiio;ht, oi Andovor, 18 .rime, 172s. She wns l». [> 
Aii<;ust, 1711 : il. 14 Novciulior. 1 775. Thoy lived on the 
homestead Nvhicli lie eultivated. He also carried mi Hit- 
blacksmithinji; business, [fe was a man of some little note, 
being a magistrate, a eolnnel in the militia, and the lepre- 
sentative of Harvard in the Oencral Court. lie d. in Con- 
cord, Mass., while attending a session of the Ceneial Court, 
13 June, 1764. Their children were — 

1. Ilxperk'ncf, I), l'} Fi'luiiarv, ITJ^ oi- 172!^; d. 18 SeptemluT. 17.")f) ; 
111. Itolit'it nollainl, will) (1. •12 .\piil, 17.')."). Tln'v were tiie piirt'iits of 
.loliii Holland, who resided with his iiiicle, Joshua .\thertoM, in Am- 
herst. .\t the commencement of the Revolutionary war he left the 
country, and was one of tlie nnmlier wiio were hanished, and their e.s- 
tates contiscated by act of the legislature in 177H. He settled in St. 
John, Nova Scotia, marrieil and left a large family. 

2. Azuhiih, I). 2 5 Deceinl.er. M-Vw in. \ViII:iid : ivs. in Ster- 
ling, Mass. 

:>. Peter, b. 29 Deceml)er, 17;U: m. KximtIiijii- Aihirii«ii. ol Molldii. 
Mass; res. in Harvard, Mass. 

I. Joshua, b. 2() June, 1737. 

."). Isnu'l, \). '20 Xi)Vfnil>er, 1711: giadiiali-d at IIar\ard College in 
17(i2; m. Mrs. Prentiss, of f^anraster. Mass., where he settleil and d. 
in 1S22. His (laughter, Rebecca, became the wife of William Abbott, 
P^s<i., of Ciustine and Bangor, Me. Sarah, another daughter, m. a son 
of Rev. Joseph Kidder, of Dunstable, and settled in Prospect, Ale. 

n. Afrrri/, ]t. 11 .Vpril. 17."i.!; in. l)r. .Miinrne, of Hurvanl, Ma-ss.. J;ui- 
iiary. 1778. 

I\'. JosHU.v Athkuton, one ot the three .sons of Peter 
and lv\|ierience Atherton, was b. in Har\;ird. Mass., 20 June, 
17')7. He was designed to follow the liach.'of his father as 
a lilacksmith :ind farmer, but a severe bilious fever so shat- 
tered his system as to unfit him for severe manual labor, 
and, after finishing a college course, he devoted himself to 
the study and practice of the law. After |)ractieing some 
years in Petersham. Mass., Tiitcldield. and Merrimack, N. H., 
\\v settled in .Vmherst, on the filace since i^'cupied by Mr. 
Elea/.er Rhoads. in tln' sprin;; of 177o. He m. Abigail, 



488 HISTOUY Ol' AMHEEST. [Chap. 

daughter of Rev. Thomas Goss, of Bolton, Mass., November, 
1765. She wns 1.. 1 April, 1749; d. 28 October, 1801. He 
d. 3 April, InO'.'. Their children were - 

7. Fronrrs. ],. at Ilarvara, Mass., 81 October, 1766; m. (1) William 
Gord ';i. -5 i .May. 1787, by whom she had one son, AVilliam, who 
gTadu.i <'il at llarvaid College; studied law, and practiced in Peterbor- 
ough a.i:l Charlestown ; d. at Brattleborough, Vt., 12 January, 1871. 
She ni. {2) i^eujamiu West, of Cliarlestowu, 3 September, 180t), and d- 
at Charlestown, 11 November, 1838. 

8. -f Charles Humphrey, b. 14 August, 1773. 

9. Abifjnil, h. 22 October, 177-5 ; ni. fAmos Kent, of Chester. 

10. Rebecca Wentirorfh, h. in Avigust, 1778; m. fDi-. Matthias Spal- 
ding. 

11. Nancy Holland, h. 11 March, 1782; d. in the city of New York 
9 November, 1859; unmarried. 

12. Catherine, b. 7 June, 1784 ; m. fDavid McG. Means. 

13. Elizabeth Willard, b. 4 May, \786 ; m. Ralph H. French, 18 
May, 1820; d. at Manchester 31 March, 1855. 

Seven other cliildren, six sons and one daughter, d. in infancy. 

V. 8. Charles Humphrey Atherton, b. in Amherst 14 
August, 1773 ; d. 8 January, 1853; was one of the most 
prominent lawyers in the state ; m. Mary Ann, daughter of 
Christopher Toppaii, of Hampton, 30 October, 1803. She 
was b. 27 October. 1780; d. 15 October, 1817. Their 
children were — 

14. Charles Gordon, h. 4 July, 1804; m. Nancy B. Clark, a grand- 
daughter of Rev. Jeremiah Barnard: settled in Nashua; d. suddenly 
at Manchester 14 November, 1853. No children. 

15. Mary Ann, b. 11 July, 1806; d. 24 September, 1807. 

16. George, b. 25 September, 1808; d. 10 April, 1825. 

17. Mary Ann Toppan, b. 18 December, 1810; d. 16 January, 1853; 
unmarried. 

18. James Humphrey, h. 22 June, 1813; d. in New York city 12 June, 
1837 ; unmarried. 

19. Christopher, b. 6 Augaist, 1815; d. 3 May, 1816. 

20. Henry, b. and d. 19 :May, 1817. 



XXIV.] (;knkalo<;iks. 489 

AUSTL\. 

1. Saul Austin, h. in nrnciit, Mass., 13 July, IT^T, rem. 
to Sutton with his paronts : ros. in Sntton and Wilton ; rem. 
to Amherst in the spring of 18:^7 : d. here 24 March, 1881, 
affcd ninoty-threc years; m. (1) Susan Flint 10 January, 
181:]. Slie was 1). in Amherst 19 April, 1794 ; d. 21 A ugust, 
1851; m. (2) Betsey (Flint) Herrick 30 May, 1852, who 
survives him. She was h. in Amherst (north-we?*t jiarish ) 
25 June, 1800. His children were — 

!2. Charles, h. 1"2 November, iSi:?; in. Mary Secoinbe, Oetolier. 1S.'56. 
He was one of tlie earliest manufacturers of reed instruments in Con- 
cord, where he res. more tluin forty years; now res. in [.owell, Mass. 
Tlieir children were — 

1. >hiry Klh'u. !>. 7 Jim.-. ls:',8: .1. 2 April. 185:5. 

2. Charles Edward, !>. 7 March, l>ilO: m. Laui-a I.overini^; res. 

in Lowi'll, Mass. ; om- child. 

3. Martha J.. 1.. lit Fel.rMary. l.s|:5: d. 1 March. isH. 

8. Allrr. 1.. 2-2 May. l^lii: m. William ('..tlin ; d. in Concord :?() 
June, iS.'ifi. 

I. As,,, h. i May, 1810; d. in Concord "27 December, 181:5. 

5. ./(///'/ Ann, b. L*.5 June. l^Jl; m. Henry Xathan; res. in San Fran- 
cisco. X(» cliildren. 

6. Nftnci/ Flint, h. 8 June. 1828; m. (1) Solon S. Graves 2:5 June, 
1S52; m. (2) Klea/.er Williams in Jmie, 1877; res. in Mark West, 
Sonoma county. Cal. No children. 

7. Nnthnn Flint, b. 19 September, 1S:51; d. 13 .Vpril, lSi7. 

8. Susan Maria, b. 8 December, 1S31; m. Dwiyht Goff : res. in San 
Francisco. Two children — 1. Grace: 2. Alice. 

AVER ILL. 

1. JiuiN AvKRiLL, 1). in Middhtnn, Mass.. 2 June, 17+<>; 
d. 21 .May, 1815; m. ^fary Hradtoid, of Amherst; slu^ was 
h. in Middleton in 1742 : d. 21 August, 1814. They settle.! 
in AnduM-st in 17<)3. Their ehildi'eu were — 

2. Xaomi. 
:5. t />"'">/. 

4. Marl/ : m. Hciijamin Sinionils. 



490 HISTORY OF AMHERST. [Chap. 

5. Anna: m. McAllister. 

6. ^ John, jr. 

7. Jesse. 

6. John Averill, jr., son of John and Mary Averill, b. 

13 October, 1767; d. 2«) October, 1844; m. Anna, daughter 
of James Woodbury. She was b. 4 August, 1774; d. 9 May, 
1858. They lived in the west part of the town, on Beech 
Hill, liow in Mont Yernon. Their children were — 

• 

8. Nancji, b. 19 February, 1792. 

9. Betsey, b. 7 February, 1791. 

10. John, b. 10 March, 1796. 

11. Bernard, b. 26 April, 179H; d. in Farniiugtou. 

12. Hannah, b. 13 May, 1800; d. 28 July, 1803. 

13. Marjj, b. 18 July, 1802. 

14. Hannah, b. 1 January, 180.5. 

15. Fanny, b. 8 June, 1807; d. 6 May, 1814. 

16. Lucretia, b. 5 March, 18(19. 

17. Tra.^k, b. 20 March, 1811. 

3. Daniel Averill, a Revolutionary soldier, foi-merly of 
Amhest; d. in Barre, Vt,, in May, 1848, aged eighty-six 
years. 

AVERY. 

Susan, wife of Joshua Avery, d. 17 May, 1874, aged fifty-eight 
years. 

Lizzie A., daughter of Joshua Avery, d. 24 ^March, 1874, aged fifteen 
years. 

BALDWIN. 

I, Henry Baldwin came from Devonshire, England; 
probably lived in Charlestown a few years; settled in Wo- 
burn in 1641, where he was one of tlie selectmen for some 
years, ai:d a deacon in the church. He m. Phobe Richard- 
son 1 November, 1649, who d. 13 September, 1716. He d. 

14 February, 1697. Their son — 

II. Henry Baldwin, b. 15 November, 1664, d. 7 July, 
1739; m. Abigail Fisk 4 May, 1692. She d. in Woburn 



XXIV.] UENEALO(;iES. 491 

in Jaimarv, 1771, aged ninety -six years. Tliey li\ed ia 
Wobuni where tlieir son — 

III. Isaac Baldwin, was b. 20 February, 1700. He m. 
Mary Flag-g 24 March, 1726. They settled in Wuburn, 
w lie re their son — 

IV. 1. Nahum Baldwin, was b. 3 May, 1734. He m. 
Mary Lowe 22 April, 1760. She was b. 1(1 April, 1734; d. 
in Antrim 7 November, 1802. They settled in Amherst 
prior to the Revolution, and he d. here 7 May, 1788. Their 
children Vere — 

2. Ndhum, b. ;i() Juno, 1702. He was a Revolutioiuiry soldier; 
settled in Mercer, now Sharon, Me., where he died. 

3. Martha, b. 8 March, 1704; iii. Eiihiaim Hmge, '2'-\ .laniiaiy, 1791. 

4. \Imac, b. 23 April, 1708. 

5. France.t, b. 22 May, 1771; in. Janies Boyd 10 .luiu', 17!)"); <1. in 
Antrim 25 December, 1828. 

6. Mary, b. 6 Jane, 1773. 

7. Lucii, b. 13 February, 1776; ni. William Starrett 22 Sei)t.'mlier, 
1797; d. in Warren, Me., 18 February, 1821. 

V. 4. Isaac Baldwin, son of Col. Nahum, b. in Amherst 
23 April, 1768; d. in Antrim 8 July, 1821 ; m. Bethiah 
Pool, of Hollis, 24 November, 1790. She was b. 3 August, 
1772; d. 7 April, 1853. 

While engaged in a company training, at Hollis, 4 Octo- 
ber, 1790, he was severely wounded by the i)rematurc dis- 
charge of a field-jtiece with which the company was exercis- 
ing. He settled in Antrim in 1793, where he was a useful 
and respected citizen. Their children were — 

8. Emma, h.'m Andierst 13 July, 1792; in. Jal../ Youm^niiiii. 14 
March, 1809 ; res. in Dorchester. 

9. Fannif, 1>. in .\ntrim 20 February, 17!»1; ni. Dr. Isaac Burnliani, 
11 Decend)er, 1817: d. 8 April, 1847. 

10. iMiac, b. 22 March, 1790; d. 9 September, 1872: n-s. in Antrim. 

11. Z)<?.(7e/-, b. 5 July, 1798; a physician; d. in I" annngham. .Ma.s.s., 
27 May, 1870. 

12. Xahum, b. 13 July, 1800; d. of spotted fever in isl.'. 



492 HISTORY OF AMHERST. [Chap. 

13. Samuel, b. 15 June, 1802; settled in Antrim. 

14. Lucy, h. 12 June, 18;)4. 

15. Thomas J., b. 15 December, 1806; d. of spotted fever in 1812. 

16. William, b. 15 May, 1809 ; d. at Lawrenceville, 111., in 1849. 

17. Cyrun, b. 14 May, 1811 ; graduated at Dartmouth College in 
1839 ; a successful teacher ; res. at Meriden Village. 

18. Harriett, h. 26 April, 1814; d. at Lawrenceville, TIL, in 1846. 

19. Estimate R. E., h. 22 October, 1816 ; m. and res. in Hamilton, 
Canada East. 

20. Jesse Baldwin, m. Tabitha (Weston ) Wilkins, widow 
of Capt. Daniel Wilkins, jr. Their cliild — , 

21. Ebenezer, was b. 26 Deceml>er, 1784. 

After the death of Mr. Baldwin his widow in. (3) Lieut. 
Joseph Farnum, of Mont Vernon, and d. there in January, 
1820, aged seventy-one years. 

22. Samuel Baldwin, a resident of Amherst for some 
years, was b. in Wilmington, Mass., 7 September, 1789; d. 
in Mont Vernon 8 July, 1856; m. Mary Dane 1 February, 
1816. She was b. in Chelmsford, Mass., 18 April, 1794; d. 
in Bedford 23 November. 1874. Their children were — 

23. Samuel Dane, h. 4 October, 1817 ; m. (1) Clarissa Hildreth 3 
June, 1840. She d. 24 July, 1852 ; m. (2) Sarah S. Sanders 28 Septem- 
ber, 1853 ; resides in Nashua. 

24. Silas H., h. 20 June, 1819 ; d. 13 December, 1844. 

25. William 0., b. 25 August, 1821 ; m. (1) Mary Proctor, 4 October, 
1854. She d. 24 January, 1872 ; m. (2) Letty A. Gilman. 

26. Jonathan iV., b. 19 January, 1824 ; d. 12 October, 1825. 

27. Marj/, b. 26 June, 1826; m. Daniel K. Mack, of Manchester, 8 
October, 1856. 

28. Susa.i A., b. 2 November, 1828; m. Leonard C. Farwell, 10 
December, 1856. 

29. Sophia J., b. 23 December, 1830 ; d. 17 March, 1832. 

30. Sophia M., b. 18 July, 1832 ; unmarried. 

31. Charles H., 1). 7 March, 1835 ; d. 20 May, 1836. 

32. Almira J., b. 25 March, 1838; m. Isaac G. Wheeler 12 January, 
1864. 



XXIV.] GENEAL()(;iES. 4'(;{ 

F^ARKKR. 

1. I)c;i. K|ilii;iiiii l);(i'k(.'i- was li. in oi- iicnr Iv\<'tf'i- in 
1732; sctlk'd in XcwMiaikct, wIhmici' he rem. to Anilicrsf in 
1774. He was a noted housewiiglit and elniicli-linildcr. 
The old nieetin<i-lionse on the IMain and that in IN inWroke 
are s|)eeiim'ns of his handiwork, lie was eiiiiaued in hndd- 
inji" the nieetinu-housr at Wilton, the Iranie o|" winch t(dl 7 
Se|)teuil)er, 1773, by which accident he was severely injured, 
lie was a prominent nieiul)er of Mr. Barnard's chnrcli, and 
served as one of its deacons several years; m. (1) Mary 
Manninji:, of Ipswich, Mass. She d. in 1771 : in. c2) .Mary 
Ramsay, widow of David Ramsay, of .Vmhrrst. She d. ;"> 
October, IHOd, a^ed lifty-foiir. He il. lilt September, iSdU. 
His eliildren were — 

:.'. .Va'7/'</v/, III. -loscpli To\vii»\ ot Hfiiiiikrr, I'l .May. Isml; d. in 
Ilopkiiitoii -Jt .\ii-iist, ISU, aj^fd fiftv-tive. 

:5. Jercinid/i. a pliysioiaii in I'(ri-4laml, Mf. 

1. Josf/j/i, l>. 9 St'ptt'inber, 17(>5 ; in. Eli/.alicth, daughter of Captain 
\\'illiaiu Dana, of .Vinlieist, 17iS9 ; rem. iiniiu'diately after to .Marietta, 
Ohio, wlierehe d., after a luni; aiul active life, in September, 18J;5. 

.'>. Relief, in. Nathaniel Cleaves, of .Vinherst, January, lSl»(i. 

(i. Man/ Ml nuts, 1». 9 October, IT^^o ; iii. Rev. Ephraiin 1'. Hiadfonl, 
of New Ho.^tdii, 1 Se{»ti'inber, ISlKi. .\fter her husband's death she 
i"iii. to Milwaukee, Wi.seonsin, where she res. witii ln-r son. ;She d. 
ill Milwaukee, 8 .May, 1874. 

r.ARKOX. 

1. 1. MosHs nvuuoN, son of Moses IJarron who rem. 
from Chelmsford, Mass., to Bedford, about 1740, was b. in 
Bedford in 174:2. He d. in 17'.'7; in. Hannah lintchinson, 
of Amherst, -JO March, 1770. She d. in Hartland, Vt., H 
September, 1822. ajred seventy-four. They settled on the 
farm near Betlfoid line, since owned by James Indl and 
Timothy Hartshorn. Their children were — 

2. Moses, b. J t .laiiuary, 1771. 

'■). Lucy, b. 11 June, 177J; in. Jos.ph lliee 1.") January, 1797. 
I. ^Soloninii, b. 10 tluiie, 1775. 



494 HISTORY OF AMHERST. [Chap. 

5. Hannah, b. 22 March, 1777. 

6. Mekitable, b. 19 March, 1779. 

7. Mari/, h.20 April, 1781. 

8. Silas, b. 9 April, 178i. 

9. Sarah Putnam, h. 25 February, 1786. 

10. Parker, b. 21 October, 1788. 

11. Putnam, b. 26 April, 1792 ; d. in Ravenna, Ohio, 16 March, 
,1872. 

•II. 4. Solomon Barron, b. 10 June, 1775; d. 9 February, 
1836; m. Martha McCluer Arbuckle 21 October, 1813. 
They settled on the ''Arbuckle" place, in the Chestnut Hill 
District, now occupied by William Stewart. Their children 
were — 

12. Rachel, b. in 181o; d. in Boston 6 December, 1836. 

13. ^Solomon Rice, h. in 1817. 

III. 13. Solomon Rice Barron, b. in 1817 ; d. in Merri- 
mack from injuries received in a fall 19 March, 1882; m. 
(1) Fanny Colby 1 September, 1836. She was b. 28 Octo- 
ber, 1816; d. 12 July, 1843; m. (2) Mrs. Dolly Channell, 
who d. 21 July, 1878, aged sixty-three years. Their 
children were — 

14. William R., b. in 1838. 

15. Fanmj ./., b. in 1839. 

16. Martha, b. in 1813. 

17. Sarah E., b. in 1847. 

18. John N., h. in 1851. 

19. Clarence F., b. in 18.54. 

20. Daniel Camphell, b. in 1859. 

21. William Barron m. Sarah Lane. Their children 
were — 

22. Susannah Lane, b. 24 December, 1787. 

23. William, h. 3 April, 1790. 

BARNARD. 

Robert Barnard, of Bolton, Mass., m. Mary, daughter of 
Jeremiah Holman, of Lancaster, Mass., where she was b. 29 
March, 1722. They lived in Bolton and were the parents 



XXIV.] GENEALOGIES. 4!>5 

of nine children, three of whom d. in infancy. After the 
death ot her hiisliaiul Mis. naiiiard I'cni. to Amherst, where 
she resi(h-'(l in the family of her son, Rev, Jercmiali Barnard. 
She d. lo October, 18"23. aged one hnndrcd and one year.s 
six months and fourteen days. Of their children — 

I. ^Jeremiah, b. 'JS February, 1750; setth^d in Amherst. 
"2. John; supposed to have settled in Rome, N. Y. 

3. J/^;/// ; m. t-^"'os Flint, jr. After his death she rem. to Ronn', 
N. Y., and d. there. 

4. Lj/flid, 1>. 2 October, 1757, lived with iicr brother in Amherst; d. 
inini., 17 Septi'Hiber, 1859, aged one liiiiidncl :nid one years eleven 
months and fifteen days. 

1. Rev. Jeremiah Barnard, second minister of the town 
of Amherst: b. in Bolton, Mass., 2S February, 1750; d. in 
Amherst 15 January, 1885; m. Deborah, dan2:hter of Dr. 
Nathaniel Henchman, of Lynn, 15 October, 1777. She was 
a sister of Dr. Nathaniel Henchman, of Amherst, and was b. 
in Lynn 24 September, 1753; d. in Amherst 12 October, 
1833. They settled on Christian hill, in Amherst, in 1780. 
Their children were — 

5. Betsey, b. 3 ,Iuly, 177!i; m. Kdbcrt M. King in lsn3; d. in Kock- 
dale, Iowa, \i January, 1872, aged ninety-two. 

(5. Polh/ S., b. 25 Mareh, 1781 ; m. David S. Eaton 23 Decend»er, 
18(12; d. in Dorchester, Ma.ss., 17 August, 1.S60. 

7. Sally, b. 1 May, 1783; d. 2!) Deoendier, 1784. 

8. Naiici/, b. 15 August, 1786; m. fHugh Hamilton Clark 8 Novem- 
ber, 1807; d. in Amherst 1 December, 1S13. 

9. Robert Mausjirltl, b. () November, 17SS ; ni. Krancfs >bMry, of 
Ho.ston, 1 November, 1S14; d. in Watertown. Mass.. 13 October, 1803. 

10. John Henchman, b. 7 October, 1791 ; d. 24 July, 1793. 

II. Lucretia,h.2Q July, 17!iG; m. Timothy Daiiforth 11 January. 
1838; resides in Amherst. 



12. Grace Crosby Fisk, daughter of (5) Betsey Barnard, b. 2 Septem- 
ber. 1799: (1. in L<nvell 5 May. 1865 ; unnuirried. 

i5AKRETT. 

1. Henry R. Barrett, b. in Athol, Mass., 6 Fel)ruary, 
1793 ; d. 15 October, 1867 : m. Abijrail Stevens December, 



496 HISTORY OF AMHERST. [Chap 

1814. She was b. in Manchester 13 April, 1795; d. 26 
October, 1874. They rem. from Manchester to Amherst in 
March, 1837. Their children were — 

2. ^Philip S., b. 6 April, 1817. 

3. Naomi, b. 27 December, 1S18; lu. Miles Lovejoy 7 April, 1842; 
d. 9 January, 1872. 

4. Betsey, b. 21 April, 1821 ; ui. Reub^Mi P. Hall; res. iu Vinelaud, 
N. J. 

."). John R., b. 2;) April, 1823 ; m. Justiiia Ilall ; res. iu Chicago. 

6. Nancn F., b. 28 March, 1825 ; m. (1) Alfred Pollard ; lu. (2) 
Luther Towne ; res. in Nashua. 

7. £'/f/ra .4. Z., b. 16 August, 1827 ; d. 3 I"'ebruary, 1851 ; unmarried. 

8. Stephen H. R., b. 10 July, 182.9 ; m. Abigail McConihe 28 March, 
1854; res. in Fall River, Mass. 

9. Sarah H.,b. 16 September, 1831 ; m. James Cochran 23 Novem- 
ber,. 1857; res. in Amherst. 

10. Mary R., h. 16 September, 1831; unmarried; res. in Amherst. 

2. Philip S. Barrett, b. in Manchester 6 April, 1817; m. 
Mary F. Wheeler 22 January, 1847. She was b. in Am- 
herst 22 February, 1823. They res. on the homestead. 

Their child — - 

11. Ckarleft M., h. 22 September, 1855 ; ni. M. Loretta Woodward 
2 June, 1880. 

BACHELLER— BATCHELDER. 

I. 1. Joseph Bacheller, of Canterbury, Eugland, and his 
wife, Elizabeth, one child, and three servants, embarked for 
IS'ew England in 1636. On their arrival they settled in 
that part of Salem whicli was afterward incorporated as 
Wenham. He was made a freeman in 1637 ; was deputy in 
the Greneral Court in 1644, and was the first representative 
from Wenham in that body. Their children were — 

2. Mark, killed on the march to the Xarraganset fort in December, 
1675. 

3. ]John. 

4. Elizabeth. 

5. Hannah. 



XXIV.] (;i:ni:alo(;ii:s. \[)J 

11. ;5. John IJachri.i.kh settled in Wenliain ; m. (1 ) Mary 
Dennis 12 .hily, IHtll : liy her he had (»'. ) Joscj)!!. She d. 
26 . 1 line. Kit;:;: in. cI) I'lli/.iil.rth (;(..)dalc4 .May, 1005. 
Tliey had— 

7. John. 

8. M,irk: 

.'». \Kh,mzir. 

10. ElizahHh. 

11. IhlUHIlh. 

VI. Miinj. 
\:\. Sitriili. 
11. i/h,ri./. 

HI. 14. D.vviD Bachelleij, son of John and Elizabeth 
(Goodale) Jiacheller, m. Sii.sannali Whij)j)le in 170!'. She d. 
13 June, 1764, He d. 29 January, 1766. Their children 
were — 

1."). IhiriJ, 1.. :. A].ril, 171(1: iii. Tliaiikful Perhain. 

1(). Snsninui/,. 1.. 21 July, 171-2: d. in Antjust, 1712. 

17. .fosi/i/i, 1). 17 Septemltor, 171:'): iii. .\r;irY Perh-y 2ii J;imi;iry, 
17;{7. 

IS. .Vr/(< //(/(/A, 1). -JO May, 171<'i: in. lOxpiTioiu-e I'orliain Hi June, 
17;{8. 

in. Ahra/inm. 1). .'. .Inn.'. 1722. 

20. tl""'S 1'. <i April. 1727: in. Ly<lia Kinihall. 

21. Siisainiu/i, 1). 22 ScptoinlxT, 17:51 : in. tWilliain Fisk. 

IV. 20. Amos J>achkllkij, son of David and Susanna!) 
(Whipple) Baeheller. 1). 6 Ai)ril,1727: ni. Lydia Kimball; 
settled in Wolmrii. Their ejiildren were — 

22. Av/v,,/. 1,. 11 May, 17.".;5. 

23. /./////o. 1.. !) April. 17."»(i. 

21. Kliz<i/»i/,,]>. -Ji) XovenilxT. 17'iS: in. tJoli" r.a'lit'Mor, 1 1" Ain- 
i«ir.st. 

2."). Aiims. ii. 17 DcrcniluT. 17(>1. 

26. Sii.-<innni/i, 1). 23 January. I7()l. 

27. Kiliiniiiil, 1). 2!1 June, 17()."). 
2S. />,ir;,/,h. 1.') .January. 17tjs. 
2fl. /s,«i<\ h. s Aj.ril. 1770. 

31). ./»vv/,/,, 1.. 17 .Inly, 1771. 



i 



408 HISTORY OF AMHERST. [Chap. 

III. 9. Ebenezer Bacheller m. Sarah Tarbox 29 De- 
cember, 1699. They settled in Wenham. Tlieir children 
were — 

31. Ucbeccu, b. 10 July, 1701. 

32. SamueL b. 3 March, 1703. 

33. Mark, b. 2 March, 1706. 

34. Josiah, b. 31 January, 1708. 

35. ^Ebenezer, b. 24 November, 1710: in. Jerusha Kimliall. 

36. Elizabeth, b. 31 March, 1713. 

37. Sarah, h. 22 April. 1717. 

IV. 35. Ebenezer Bacheller, b. 24 November, 1710 ; m. 
Jerusha Kiml;»all in 1740: settled in AVenham. Their chil- ' 
dren were — 

38. ^Inna, 1>. 1741. 

39. Marij, h. 1743. 

40. Lydia, b. 1745. 

41. Jerusha, b. 1747. 

42. ^Ebenezer, b. 5 Xovember, 1750; settled iu Amherst. 

43. Elizabeth, b. 25 January, 1753. 

44. ■\JoJw, h. 16 AvTgust, 1755; settled in Amherst. 

45. MehltaUe, b. 1.0 March, 1761. 

46. Samuel, b. 15 June, 1763. 

V. 42. Ebenezer Batchelder, 1). in Wenham 5 Novem- 
ber, 1750 ; m. Elizabeth (Thompson ) Sherwin. They set- 
tled in Amherst (now Mont Vernon) soon after, where he 
d. 24 April, 1849, aged ninety-seven years. She d. 10 
March, 1841, aged eighty-five. Their children were — 

47. Bet sen, b. 18 July. 1779: m. David Wiley: d. in Landgrove, 
Vermont. 

48. Joseph, b. 21 Xovember, 1781; m. Anna Cochran; res. in Land- 
gTove, Vt., and afterward in Illinois. 

49. Ebenezer, b. 10 March, 1783; m. Rachel Jones 11 June. 1811; d. • 
26 February, 1815. 

50. F«/u///, b. 8 July, 1785; m. Robert Parker 29 May, 1806; d. in 
Landgrove, Vt. 

51. Lydla,'b. 21 Xovember, 1786; m. Benjamin AVilkins 27 Xovem- 
ber, 1806 ; d. in Hillsborough. 

52. ^^^hltahle, b. 25 August. 1788; m. flsaac Weston. 



XXIV.] (;kni.:alo(;iks. 400 

o'S. RcuIkii h'iiii/i(i!l. \<. 7 Fehiiuii-y. ITltn-. m. Alici' I\cii<l;ill: <1. ]'■'> 
December. I'-O". 

oi. Kzni, l>. -J .Miiicli, 17!)!': iii. Lvdia llatclu'ldi-r: d. lit .M;iy. is?.-,. 

55. .lf)i'ss,\).') April. 17!'l: iii. W'illiaiii Coggiii, "Jil : settled in 
Mont Vernon: d. I Octolier. is:)."). 

ylj. Li-rl,\\. Id Marcli, 17i»7: in. Mary Peabody; d. in I.andgrove, 
Vt.. K) .Vngust, 18.j(i. 

\' . 44. CAn. JouN JJatciielder, b. in Wculiam, Mass., 
16 August, 1755 ; m. Betsey Batcheldcr; settled in Amlicrst, 
(now ^lont Vernon ) about 1770, where lie d. 18 Deecmber, 
1848, aged ninety-three years. She d. "> April, Islo. au-cd 
fifty-six. Their cliildren were — 

.")7. .//;////. 1>. (i dnly. 17SI): ni. I'oUy llildn'th 1:5 Septend.er. \>02: d. 
in Pern. Vt.. !» dun.-, is,")!. 

oS. /.v/7(//, 1). is October. 17S2: m. Aiiii^ail Wiley 28 dnly. ISO."); d. 
ill I'ern. A't.. ;;i Angiist, 185S. 

5!*. Jirtsri/, 1). 1!) rlannary. 17S5; m. tdolm Haseltine. 

(!). /v//»»///'/, b. .") Angust, 17S7 ; in. Betsey Jones; d. 23 Jnly. ISG.'l. 

(11. X(nici/, b. 1!) October. 178(»: in. liobert Wason 2G December, 
1808; settled in Xew IJoston. and d. there 28 July, IS.}:}. 

(32. /.i/(/i(i,h. \\ February, 17i)2 : in. lier cousin, Ezra Patchelder, 
and settled in ]\b:)nt Vernon; d. 20 Sepleinber. bSS2 — the last survivor of 
the family. 

0:5. /'rr/r//, b. 20 Jnly. 17:)h m. (1) Pebeeca Damon. She d. I July, 
\M{)\ in. (2) Alcinda Wason. who d. is November. ls7l). He d. 22 
October. 1S78. 

(it. li'liij\h. in December, 17n<i: in.Josiah Kittredj;e 2 Sejitcmber. 
is:50: d. 1 1 July. LsCS. 

(5.'). AiiKis, b. 1 June. 1711!) : ni. Nancy Kidder 1 Se].tenil>er. is;}]: d. 
10 February, bS-47. 

(IG. <'///T»/r-,b. 17 October. iXt ;: ni. Ira Kendall Id .May. ls:52; d. 
in (Joffstown (i Xovendu'r. Is72. 

(i7. Noah r. liATCHELDEU, b. in Peru, \'t., 10 Xovcnilier, 
18o:5; in. Sarah Elliott ;>() January, 1^6:2. She was b. in 
Amherst :2») Scptciuber, 1S:VJ : d. 24 .March, 1n71. 

()8. IiJA \. r>AT( iiKLDHi:. li. ill Hanvcrs, Mass.; m. ^lary S., 
i dauijfhter otWiUard Ilaydeii. -W noeoinbc-r. ISO-J. Their 
children are — 



)00 HISTORY OF AMHERST. [Chap. 

09. Geor(/i(i)iti(i K. 

70. Walter A. 

71. /-J III mil I.. 



BATES. 

Mrs. Lucy S., wife of Angustus Bates, d. 7 April, 1852, 
aged 40. 

BP]LL. 

Joseph Bell, b. in Bedford 17 A])ril, 1 7 ")7 ; d. in Amherst 
18 ^Sfay, 1828 ; ni. ^fary Houston, 4 June, 1776. She was 
h. 1758; d. December, 1830. They were buried in Bedford. 
Their children, all 1). in Bedford, were — 

L Sdnih, h. -i April, 1777; m. (1) Daniel Platte. 11 May. 17S7: 
111. (2) Oliver Townsend, 20 December, 1815; res. in Eedford. 

2. Joint, h.'2'i February, 1779 ; m. Peggy Brown. ISOl ; res. in An- 
trim, where he settled in 179.'). lie d. .j October, iSOl. 

:5. Mnrn, b. 12 April, 1781; m. David Atwood 21 September. 1SI12; 
res. in Bedford. 

4. Isaac, b. 9 April. 17S;3; m. Siisainiah llutcliinson ^5 February. 
1804; res. in Fisherstield, now Xe\vl)my ; d. there in 1829. 

."). SiisainHiIi, b. 2-5 September, 1785; d. in infancv. 

0. Joscpli, h. 21 March. 1787 ; graduated at Dartmouth College in 
1807; m. Catherine Olcott, of Hanover; settled in Haverhill; rem. 
thence to Boston, Mass.. 1840: d. at Saratoga. X. Y., 25 July, 1851. 

7. JJariil, b. 10 October. 1789; m. Polly Houston December, 1808; 
settled in Hillsborough ; d. in Bedford 27 Xovember, 18o2. 

8. Janie>t,h. 15 January. 1792; m. (1) Mary Barnett 21 September, 
1813. She d. 11 November, 1825, aged thirty-three ; m. (2) Kel)ecca, 
daughter of Ebenezer Weston, of Amherst. September. 1820. He was 
a resident of Amherst several years, but d. in I'xilton, ]\Iass., 25 January, 
1864. 

9. Jaciili, b. oO .Vpril. 1795; m. Laura Bartlett. of Haverhill; .settled 
in Haverhill.- 

BENDEN. 
Thomas M. Benden, b. in Oxbridge, Somerset county, 
England, 1791 ; settled in Amherst about 1820 and carried 
on the tailoring bnsiness several years in the store now oc- 



XXIV.] (iKNKALOCIKS. ■)01 

ciipicd liy Ilciiry C I)o(1lic. Tic m. S:ii;ili Ldw J;iiiii;ii'\ . 
l.Siil, iuid (1. -2 A|ii'il. 1S4S: n,, rliil.hvii. 

]}K\M"IT. 

I, Jonathan Bennett, li. in (iiotoii, M:iss.,28 Xuvcmljcr, 
177"): (1. ill Anilierst 20 FcbniaiT, l>''41> : in. Marjiarct Sliat- 
tiick May. iSdO. She was I.. 13 March. 1774 : d. 211 Xoveni- 
bor, 1852. ifc was a lirici^-niasoii and an cxccllciil work- 
man. They ]i\('(l in Grotun. Dunstabh', and PcppercH. 
From iV'ppurclI llicy rem. to Amhei'st,in the spring of 18>j5. 
Their children were — 

■J. Sani/,.\>. ]■', OrtolxT. 18!I0: iii. Dr. ll.'/.'kiali Kldiid-e: ivs. in 
.\iiiesliury. Mass.. wln-rc she d. (i A})ril. lsl(j. 

:;. ./nn(it/i(ni,h. 1 October. 1S(»'2: in. 'Slnry Tavlor L") Dcccinl.er, ls.31 : 
(1. in Pcppcroll. 

!. \\'i/ll(iw,h.'J^ Scpti'inbcr, Isul ; ni. Harriet Sliattuck .V].ril. isjS. 

."). .l/o>v/«r(V, b. 12 September, 1800; in. Jefferson Taylor "24 Xoveni- 
l.cr, 182.5; d. in ^b.line, 111., 12 December, ISfiS. 

(). Louisa, 1). ]:! Jnly, 1808; m. f'Tocl F. Oso-ood. 

7. ./(fm('.<. 1). 2 Scptt'inl)cr. Isl 1 ; ni. Ucbccca Swallow 2S ]\ray. ls:i}: 
res. in Dnnstablc. 

8. Wihler^h. 17 .\i'ri!, 18i:i: ni. .Mary Aim Davis Xovcml.ci-. ISIO; 
res. in Pepperell. 

!l. tJ///c» Bnul/nnl. 1.. ]-> .Vprii. ISIO. 

1). Al.DKN l)!tAl)KoiM> BeNNETT, b. IS A|iril, 1 Sl li : 111. Mliz- 
abcth Tayh)r, 27 Xo\cmbcr, 1S3ti. Their chihlren are — 

10. ICnilhi, in. - — (ioodhiic. lie was a mnsiciaii in the. 1st Kc.n- 

iinent X. II. Vols., in the civil war; d. a few years after its close, leav- 
in}X one child. 

II. Mdii/iirr/, ni. (icorge ^'onng; i"(\s. in Stcjneliain. Mass. 
12. Niz/v/A Zoi/;".v«, m. O.scar Shaffer ; res. in .Vmherst. 
l:l. Is„hrll„ llrn,lf„nJ. m. Dr. McLeod : res. in Xew Bedford. 

BILLS. 

1. Ebenkzer Bills, b. 2;") March, 1 7t;0 : d. 13 March, 1M22 : 
m. flannah Billiard. She was b. 20 Aiiirust. 17t!7: d. <) 
March, 184'.>. Their children were — 



502 HISTORY OF AMHERST. [Chap. 

2. Miriuida,}). 5 November, 1785; in. fEzra Clark. 

3. J>e/i(c<a,\).o Octohtn; 1787; m. John Wheeler, of Amherst. IG 
December, ISOG; d. 1 September, 1857. 

4. X »(•//, b. () November, 1789; m. Elias Thomas, of Amherst. '.]{) 
March, 1817 ; d. 20 April, 18()4. 

5. .S'^n/yrfc/, b. 3 .January, 1791 ; lived in Dedham, ^lass.; d. 31 May, 
1860. 

0. -[Jnhf.:, ]). () December, 1793. 

7. PldHiiiUi, b. 15 April. 1795; m. Joseph Onion, of Dodhaui. ]\Iass.; 
d. 14 :^Iarch, 1845. 

8. Sopliroiiin, h. -51 March, 179S ; ni. (lera Fai'num, of ^lont Vernon, 
17 October, 1817. 

9. SeiiKiiitlid,]). '■)} ]\rarch. 179S; m. Andrew Horn, of Uoxbury, 
Mass. 

10. ,/e.s>v', b. 15 August, 1802; m. (1) Sarah Ann V. Bliss 9 Novem- 
ber, 1828; d. in Roxbury, Mass., 25 December, 1851. 

11. .17rt/-/.-, 1). 8 April. 180G; m. Maria , of Framingham. ]Mass.; 

d. in Cambridge, Mass., 20 August, 1853. 

12. J. lite Hamilton, b. S July, 1808; ni. IVIarinda Dodge, of ^Mont 
Vernon. 28 June, 182') ; d. in Amherst 11 February, 1S41. 

C). Jap.ez Bills, b. (! December, 1793; d. 3 November, 
1857 ; m. Lucy E. Crosby, daughter of Joseph Crosby, of 
Milford, November, 1822. She was b. 29 August, 1804 ; d. 
27 September, 1882. Their children were — 

13. Jahez Fre(l,h. 3:) August, 1S23 ; m. Liieinda J. AVheeler, of Mil- 
ford, November, 1850. 

14. ^Fncmaii C '/v/x/v/, b. October, 1821. 

15. Lucji Arm Maria, h. 5 February, 1829; m. Harnes 15. Putnam, of 
Nashua, 15 May, 1849. 

16. Betseij Ja)ie,h. 16 December, 1830; m. Charles W. I'attersou, of 
iMerrimack, 14 June, 1859. 

17. 6' c'o/v/r' //.,b. 15 November, 1831; m. Lizzie Baldwin, of ]\Ian- 
chester. 

14. Freeman Crosby Bills, b. <> Noveml)er, 1824; m. 
Catherine J. Twiss 12 Marcli, 1845. She was b. in Antrim, 
21 December, 1824; res. in Amherst. Their chihlren 
are — 

15. jLarliis F.,h.-2-2 April, 184(5. 

19. Horatio ('., b. 20 February, 1848; m. Clara P. Farley, of London- 
derry, 28 November, 1868. 



XX I \'.] GENEALOGIKS. 50;? 

Iliirrv FiVL'iiiJiii Bills, cliilil i>l' Iloriitio ('. Bills. <1. II .lanuary, 
lS7(i, ayetl ten nionths. 

20. /A///) >'., 1.. 10 January. ISoM; m. I'liilip W. Sw.-tl. ..f iMi-^tcii. 
S October, ls7:>: d. in Anilier.st 27 .luue, issd. 

21. Art/iiir .l.,\).-j:') \\>r\\, is.")!?; m. Mary C. Brailii:-,!. c, .V.niiirr.l. 
28 SoptenilxT. 1^7 1 . 

18. Lucius F. Hii,ls, 1». in AmluTst '2- April. 1S4(i ; in. 
Jane IvFni'ley,of LondoiultMTy, 1.") Si'iitciniicr, 1S';0. Tlicii- 
cliildreu were — 

22. Charles >'.,!). in Londniidcny 17 .inly. 1^70. 
2;;. JCzra .s'.,b. 1!) April. 1.S72. in Amiieist. 

21. Frrtic rick- lutrh I/, h.l May, IS"-!; d. Ki ScptcnilK.-r. 1-77. 
2."). Jiiiisci/ 'J'lriss, 1). 28 Sei>teinber, I87fi. 

HISS KM.. 

Lemuel Bissell, li. hi Xorwicli, V\., -2 May. 17*.ti*: m. 
Mary A. Leminons. She was 1.. liH Oetoher, 1S03: d. -1 
May, 18fi8. Tliey earac to Ainlierst about 184o, where he 
carried on the liouse-painting business several years. Ht* 
served as town elerk one year; no cliildreu. 

IJLAKi:. 

SA:\uiCi, l>LAKE res. on tlie farm adioiiiiuii- ihal ol Hon. 
Williaiu Fisk, iornicrly oeciipir<l by John I'^ncnwood, aii<l 
since by ("apt. l*il»('ne/.er I'erry. 11 is chihU'cn wci'c — 

1. .I/«</y. 

2. Sam lie/. 
:i. Doll;/. 

\. Aliif/ail, ni. .lolui Wanvn, 1S2S. 

T). Alice. 

.\\] liav.' Ii'ft town. 

I'.b.VNCnAb'J). 

L TuoMAS Blanciiaud came to Xew Fnirland in th<' ship 
Jonathan, from near Preston, Fuirland, in lt>.)'.t. He set- 
Ib'd in Oharlestowii. >biss., and <bth<'rt> H .May, If..*)-!. Hy 
his wilV. Marv, lie bad — 



504 HISTORY OF AMHERST. [Chap. 

1. Samuel. 

2. Georf/c. 

<5. Nathaniel. 

4. Jonathan. 

5. \John. -f 
Of these,— 

11. T). John, b. in Eiiuland, was acTniitted freeman in 
1649 ; settled in Dunstable, and was oiie of tlie founders of 
the church in that place in 1H85, of which ho was for some 
years one of the ofificers. By his wife, Elizalieth, he had a 
large family, among whom were — 



6. 


} Ian nail. 1>. (5 Jai 


t . 


James. 


8. 


Benjaniln. 


9. 


Sarah. 


10. 


Mavji. 


11. 


Nathaniel. 


12. 
13. 


\ Joseph. J 
Thomeis. 


And perhaps others, 



III. 12. Joseph BLANCHARD,b. 1669, son of Dea. John, 
and Elizabeth Blanchard ; settled in Dunstable ; m. Abiah 
Hassell 25 May, 1696. She d. 8 December, 1746, aged 70. 
He d. in 1727. Their children were — 

14. Elizahcth, h. 15 April, 1697. 

15. Esther, b. 4 July, 1700. 

16. Hannah, b. 28 October, 1702. 

17. ^Joseph, b. 11 February, 1704. 

18. Rachel, b. 23 March, 170.5 ; d. young. 

19. Susannah, b. 29 March, 1707. 

20. Jane, b. 19 March, 1708. 

21. Rachel, b. 23 March, 1712. 

22. Eleazer, b. 3 December, 1715 ; d. 29 April, 1717. 

lY, 17. Joseph Blanchard, b. 11 February, 1704; d. 
7 April, 1758 ; was one of the governor's council, by appoint- 
ment of the king, from 1741 until his death. In 1756 he 
was colonel of a regiment of five hundred men, raised in 
New Hampshire, to assist in the expedition against Crown 



XXI \'. J <;i:ni;al()(;ii:s. ")(),') 

Pi)int. The coinpanics of rangers, (•(jiniuniidrd hv liogors 
and Stark, were a part of the regiment. 

('i)l. IManchanl ni. Iicbecca iluliliai-d. who d. !'.» April. 
1774. 'I'heii- children were — 

•_';;. S.inih, 1.. ITl'ii: (1. :)0 XoveinlHM-. 17J(J. 

:.'}. j.fusr/,/,, 1.. '2s Scptniilii'r. 172i). 

•J5. Kkazrr, h. 15 Xoveinher. 17:50; d. If) Manli. 1753. 

■J(i. SitsdiiiKifi, 1). 1") Xoveinlwr. 17:5'». 

•_'7. H'lxrr,,. n. -Jil Jiilv. 17:L': iii. .Minot. 

■Js. Siirn/i, ]). 7 Oi'tul)c'r. 17:51 : d. yoiiiii;'. 

■_'!(. ('ntlnriiir, 1). 11 Xovciulior. 17:)ti: in. Kcv. Mlias Sinilii. of 
.Salem. 

oil. j.liiiiiit/niii, 1». I'S ScptfinluT. 17:!'~'. 

;n. .S(</7/A, 1). '2 August. 1710: m. fHohort Ftotolier. 

:L'. ./((wr.v, b. L'O September, 1742. 

:>:>. t- 1 ".'/"••>'«>•, h. 29 July, 174G. 

;51. r,,/,/,, b. 1") August, 1740. 

'.]7). //(iniKi/i, li. 21 August. 1751; lu. Dr. Kbcnczer Stair. 2li March. 
17!) 1. 

V. -J^. Joseph Blanchaho, b. 28 September, 172'J, 
was a noted hind snrveyor, and asshstcd in ])rei)aring a map 
of thi' province, wliiidi was pnblished in 1771. lie res. in 
Merrima(dc, and, toward tlie close of his life, in Amherst. 
Tlieir children were — 

oO. I.iiiji, 111. .Xudit'w \\'ilkin>. nf .\iiihfrst ; d. in 'riiurutou. iSUi). 
37. Joseph. 
:JS. Ehnzer. 

:>!». Colin rinr, m. Willi;uii r.arki-r, of St. .loliiis. X. !'.. 
10. llitiiiKih, 111. t'lusfjfiTT Xifliols 1(1 Maivh. 1785; rein, to Canada, 
isil. 

y. oO. .Jonathan Ulanchaki), b. Is .September, 
17;)S: <1. IS .Inly, 17SS: m. Rebecca Farwell. She d. 20 
August, 1811, aged 72. Hi! was a councillor in 177ii: 
judge of prcbate for Hillsborongli county : and brigadier- 
general of the militia. They res. in nunstable. Tln-ir (diil- 
(iren were — 

tl. I!'l>,,r,,. b. I May. 17iii>: ni. Dr. .Viigu>tus Starr; d. l!) October. 
ISKI. 



506 HISTORY OP AMHERST. [Chap. 

42. Grace, m. fFrederick French. 

43. Sophia, m. Oliver Farwell, of Meniinack. 

44. ('Iiarles, h. 14: March, 1776; graduated at Harvard College in 
1796; d. at Batavia, ^^. Y., 16 March, 1811. 

4."). Ahif/ail, m. Dr. Joseph F. Eastman, of IloUis. 

46. J'JIiza, ni. Thomas French; d.. 1S43. 



V. 33. Augustus ]>lanchard, b. in Dunstahlc, 29 July, 
1746 ; (1. ill ^lilford, 27 February, 1809 ; m. }3ridget Love- 
well, of Dunstable. She was b. 10 July, 1719 ; d. 25 No- 
vember, 1836. They settled first in Dunstable, rem. to 
Merrimack, about 1767, thence to Amherst, about 1777. 
He commanded a company at Winter Hill, in the winter of 
1775-6, and was a prominent citizen in the old south-west 
parish of Amherst. Their children were — 

47. Sarah, h. at Dunstable, o Janiiary. 1766; in. -John Stearns, of 
Amherst, D October, 1781 ; rem. to Cambridge, Vt.; d. 1846. 

48. P/-/.sr///o, I), in Merrimack, V2 August, 1768; m. (1) John Crosby; 
(2) Solomon Ilallet ; d., Sej)tember, 1847; ten childi'en. 

49. Aitf/u.^tus, b. 18 January, 1770; m. Esther Crosby, 31 January, 
1793 ; d. 12 October, 1829 ; six children. 

50. Hannah, b. 27 Fel)ru;n-y. 1772; m. Joel Cmsby; d. 10 Fehruaiy, 
1846 ; no children. 

51. Esther, b. 4 May, 1774: ni. lioger Perkins 26 Januury. 1706; d. 
8 Deceml)er. 1834; seven children. 

52. Jjri<l<j-', b. 28 June. 1776; m. f Timothy Danforth ; d. 16 .July, 
1837. 

53. Rebecca, h. in Amherst, 18 xVovember, 177S; ni. J. French July. 
1798 ; d. 29 March, 185s ; twelve children. 

54. James, b. 25 February, 1781; d. IS March. 1798. 

55. GeoTije, b. 16 August. 1783; m. ]\Irs. Pliebe (Lovejoy) Comior; 
d. 1S31 ; four children. 

56. Jonathan, b. 22 November, 1785 ; d. 29 September. 1788. 

57. Porter, b. 16 August, 1788 ; m. Anne Stickney Souther 4 Xoveni- 
ber, 1810 ; settled in Concord ; was a cabinet-maker, and manufacturer 
of the "Blanchard churns." He was one of the best mechanics of his 
thne; d. 25 May, 1871; three children. 

58. Jonathan, b. 7 April, 1793 ; res. in St. Ixniis. ^lo. 

59. Katherine, b. in Milford, 18 July, 1796; m. liufus Taylor, 1839; 
settled in Damariscotta, Me.; d. 22 January, 1868; one child. 



XXI \'.] (;i:ni:.\i.()(;ii:s. .")(i7 

i»0. Simon IIi.anciiaim) srlilrd in Amlirrst (now Millui-d) 
iiltoiit ITT'i. lie \v;is 1). ill I5illi'ric:i 'I'\ I )c('cnil>cr, 174!'; 
in. CaduniiK' ^V\lnall. llrd. in .Mill'md altont l^i^S. She 
(I. 1S:5S. 'riii'ii- (•hildivu u\;i'j — 

c.l. I>, in.is. 1). I ,Imi<'. 177'). 

«;•_>. .\l,r,„l,, li. -Jl' Jimc. ]77!». 

III. Aiiriiiit/i. 1>. "27 Xovemlifr. 17'^1. 

III. r;„r;.ss.,. \<. ]-2 May. 17.sl: m. I'liili]. Katoii •_'•_' Srpti-iiil.cr. is():i. 

(I"), /.ii'/iir, \>. 1 .lamuirv. 17>^7. 

(i(i. Jirfs, ;/. 1.. •_>!! May. 17-!i. 

(;7. Ciih-!,,, li. -J-J June, 1791. 

(is. Ciilh, riiK , 1>. 2(i Se}>it'iiiltL'r. 17!» '.. 

lili. \,mr,/, ],. 27 Sei)tt'iiil>rr, 17!»;5. 

70. HJxrra .\U.„t. h. 2 Jill V. 1S:>1. 

71. Ephraim I)L.vncii.\ri), I), in nilUiica, .Mas.s., 1 .March, 
1778 ; <1. 27 Jnne, 1S41 : ni. ( 1) Elizubctli, daughter of U. 
Ilobci-t I). Wilkins. Slic d. at rrovincctown, Mass., Octo- 

hcr, 1802, aucd 22: ni. (2) Mary . She d. in 

l.yndolioroMuh 1(» Drccniber, 1(S(U, aued So. Ife carried 
on the eabinel-niakinu: business on Amherst Phiin many 
years: was an active^ member of the "•Ciiristiair' (rnitarian) 
society, and served oni- year on the board ot" selectmen, 
'i'heir childrt-n were — 

7"-'. Ilii-.nliilli II'.. 111. UiiIhtI \\'iHiaiiis, m lioy. N . ^ .. .I.iiin;ir\. 

7'5. j K/>/iniiiii, /r. 

7n. KiMin.M.M PjLani II AUK, .11!.. d. at IMiihith'l|ihia, l*a., <1 
July. IS.V.^a.uedoo: ni. Kli/.;ib.>th P.. Cobnrn, Auiriist, 1S80. 
She d.at Providence. !{. 1., 2 July. 187S, a.ired 78. Their 
idiildrcn were — 

71. II<nn/ Miut'u,, lI. 10 Marcli. l.S:!4, a.^oil :{ years ami •; i.H.Mtl,.. 
7.".. John. IIV//.S-. .1. 10 February. 18:51, ajjed S weeks. 

7ii. /'/vv/ Ifrnii/, (1. l."> .\.iMil. IS',7. ai^ed ID ninuth>. 

r.Loon. 

Li.MiKi. i!i,ooi). turiuerly a sloueiuason and brick-layer 
in Andu-rst, d. at the Asylum li»r the Insane, at Concord, 7 
^[av, 1S(;7. .\uua. his wile. d. 2ii .March. 184'J, aired o7. 



508 HISTORY OP AMHERST. [Clmi). 

George Blood, a brother of Lemuel, d. in Mont Vernon 
16 September, 1854, aged 62. He was a soldier in the war 
of 1812, and lost an arm in battle. Mary, widow of George, 
d. 5 Angust, 1870, aged 77. 

MiNOT Blood, d. 1 August, 1870, aged 67. 

BLUNT. 

I. John Blunt, b. in Andovcr, Mass., and Sarah Blunt, b. 
in Wilmington, Mass., settled in Amherst about 1789. She 
d. in ^filford. Their children were — 

'2. Salh/,h. in Dover 1 January. 1782: m. Daniel Howe: d. in Fox- 
borough, Mass., 27 SeiJtember, 1870. 

3. Mar// K., h. 22 .Alarch, 1784. 

4. -fJoJin, li. in Andover 3 June. 178i) ; d. in Amherst 25 October. 
•1860. 

5. yi)iiia, b. in Andover 5 August, 1788. 

6. Isaac, h. in Andierst 22 September. 1700; d. -i Xovember. 1791. 

7. Elizabeth, b. 11 June, 1793; m. James Blanchard 11 September, 
181.5; d. .3 February. 1873. He was b. 8 October, 1780; d. 7 Septem- 
ber, 1854. Their children were — 

1. Kebecca K., b. 27 September, 1816; d. 15 September, 1828. 

2. Ebzabeth P.. h. 5 May, 1818; m. fDavid D. McKean. 

3. Edwin, b. 21 May, 1820 ; d. 27 January, 1841. 

4. A son, b. 26 March, 1822 ; d. 5 April, 1822. 

5. Harriett E., b. 19 May. 1823: m. L. :\I. Jewett 15 Septem- 

ber. 18.59. 

8. ]DavuI W., b. 25 July, 1795. 

9. Asenath, b. 13 January, 1798; m. fJacol) Sargent: d. 20 ]Marcli, 
1877. 

10. Ainsu-orth E., b. 22 February, 1800. 

II. All-all, b. 3 ]VIarch, 1802; d. 6 ]March, 1802. 
12 and 13. Twin sons, b. and d. 15 October, 1803. 

14. Sophia, b. 2 May, 1805 ; m. Thurlow Haskell : d. in Indianapo- 
lis, Indiana. 28 August, 1868. 

15. Alcah, b. 19 February, 1808; d. 7 March, 1808. 

16. Rehcrca K., h. 28 July, 1809; d. 28 January, 1814. 

4. John Blunt, b. in Andover, Mass., 3 June, 1786 ; d. 
in Amherst, 25 October, 1860 ; m. Mary E . She d. 



XX 1\'.] (;kni:al()<;ii;s. ")(l'.» 

21 .March, lSti4, ;iizccl 79 .\ cars H moiitlis lil .lays. Their 
children were — 

17. Jiihu (;., 1.. •_':; .Vu-iisl. 1S17. 

is. /.ucif ir////((/;/>-. 1«. 27 Fcl>ru;irv. 1>-Jl. 

•S. D.wiD W. P>LINT, b. 2.') July, ITIK") : .1. -•;•» April, Is.ls; 
111. Ilauiiah l^iiriiham 14 I)ceeiiil)er, 1S-"'>7. She was h. 2") 
Maich. ls<»4 : (1. 1") January, lSS2. Their chihireii arc— 

l!i. '/'(////.//• ir., li. "Jo Marcli. ls:!!l: in. I. aura I-^ .Mix.ar St!|.(L-iiil>(>r, 
Isilt;. 

20. H,tin,nl, /■;., I.. :;:) .Manh. Is-il : in. Coor-;.' K. \\'asli.T Is .May. 
1S71. 

r.oswoirni. 

1. (Ii;<)K<;i: \\ . l)<)-woi{Tn,soii ol liclaaiul Joanna ( IJarlow ) 
I5(is\v()rtli, 1). in Plyniptuii, Mass., 5 Sci»teniher, 1<S23 ; ni. 
.Viiiy Cram li .March, 1S47. She was h. in Lyndcborough 
'.' ( Jctobor, l<s2o. Thoy settled in Amherst in the sprint'' of 
lb6tj. In the recent civil war he enlisted J'roin tlie town of 
Lyndcborough, in the 16th Rcjiimcnt X. H. Vols., and serv- 
ed in the Department of the (Jnlf as captain of company (J. 
in that reiriment. lie also enlisted in thel<sth Reiriment X. 
II. \'ols.. in which he served as captain of company F. 
Tiieir children were — 

2. <i.„r,i. .v.. \k 1;5 S»'pt(?iiil)cr. ISlS; d. 27 March. IS.").]. 

■■;. Anni /•'.. li. 2;; November, 1851): d. 17 .Inly, is.'}. 

1. Main -'■-' '■• 2!» December, 1852. 

."). /n/iiiit siiii. 1>. ;Jl January, 1S55; d. 1 Feliruary. l>>."».j. 

(i. .\l>l>if /•'., 1.. :U January. ls5(i. 

7. fii/dnl ilnin/Jiln; l>. and d. 2 March. ls.")!l. 

s. Anil/ //., 1>. 11 December. ls<il : d. is January. ls»J2. 

!t. <,,,„■;/' .v.. 1). 1 November, isfiti. 

111. Am;/ ^^ .1.. 1.. 2S >ray. Is71. 

r.orTKLL. 

The families bearing- this name, in Amherst are liesccnded 
from (1) James IJoutkll, of Salem, who was made a free- 
man 14 .March. l<;:i:t. and d. in Di."»l. Ho -^'-n. (11) JaMES 



510 HISTORY OF AMHEDST. [Cliaj). 

BouTELL, who d. 5 December, 1716, m. Rebeeca Kendall 15 
June, 1665. She was b. 10 Februaiy, 1644 ; d. 30 Aug-ust, 
1713. She was one of several daughters of Dea, Thomas 
Kendall, of Reading, Mass., who had no sons, and in order 
to perpetuate the family name, all of his daughters, who 
married and had sons, gave the name of Kendall to one 
of them. The children of James and Rebecca Boutell 
were — 

1. James, b. 6 April. 1666. 

•2. Thomas, b. 28 .Alarch. 1660. 

3. ^.Toiin, b. l!) October. 1671. 

4. Rebecca, b. 25 December, 1674. 

5. Sarah, b. 7 July, 1677. 

6. 7V:A/7/(rt, b. 11 May, 167!): d. yoim^-. 

7. Tahltha, b. 22 ]\Iay. 16S0. 

8. ■fKeiuIall, b. 1.5 June, 1682; in. bucv Danniii 7 .biiiuarv. 17(16. 

9. Mar;/, b. 28 October, 1685. 

10. Elizabeth, b. D October, 1687. 

III. 3. John Boutell, b. 19 October, 1671, settled in 
Reading. By his wife, Grace, he had — 

11. Rebecca, b. 15 January, 1697 ; d. young. 

12. Dorcas, b. 23 December, 1898; d. young. 

13. Tahltha, b. 27 January, 1700. 

14. John. b. 2.S April, 1702. 

15. Rebecca, b. 1704; d. in Amherst, iiinn., April, 1795 ; ageil 91). 

16. ^Joseph, b. 28 November, 1706. 

17. Dorcas, b. 17 April, 1709. 

18. Timothy, \>. 18 August, 1711. 

19. Ablel. b. 6 October, 1713. 

IV. 16. JcsEPH Boutell, b. 28 November, 170() ; d. 19 
May, 1795 ; m. Hannah, daughter of Timothy and Martha 
Hartshorn, of Reading, Mass., 5 July, 1733. She was b. 25 
March, 1708 ; d. 4 November, 1784. They were among the 
earliest settlers in Souhegan West. He was elected deacon 
of the church 3 June, 1743, and remained in office until his 
death. The names of the following children of Dea. Joseph 
and Mrs. Hannah Boutell are found on stones in the old 
cemetery — 



XXi\'.] (;i:ni:alogif:s. .".11 

20. ,/,»>-/-//. .1. lT. April, 17 H», iig(!<l !» years. 

■Jl. /tonus. i|. 1 August, 1749. aged :5 year.s. 

■J2. Jd/iii. d. 'J'J August, 17.>{, aged l years. 

'_'.']. John, d. ■! March. l^.jG, aged •'} mouths. 

•Jl. Jus, jih, d. I Octolicr, 17r>7, aged 1 luoutli. 

III. S, IvEND.VLL JiOITKl.L, 1». 1 .") .Iiiiic, 1C82: d.S.laiui- 
:iry, 1770; in. Liicv Damon 7 .laniuiry, 17<>(). She d. 11 
December, 17")9. They settled in Kcading, Mass. 

V. ii5. Kendall Boftell, probably a frrundson of Ken- 
dall and liiicy, was h. in Reading, Ma.ss., 1- August, 17-)<i: 

ni. Sarah . Tlicy settled in Amherst where he d. 12 

Angnst, 1.S20. She d. in April, 1 Si 2, aged 70. Their chil- 
dren were — 

L'C. f./n.wy,/,, 1). (j March, 17.j7. 

'2~. Surah, li. L') .lauiuirv. 17(i(l: d. youug. 

"28. JoIdu b. S August, 1702; settled in VeruKiut. 

2!). tC«/c//, b. :; Noveniber. 17(;0. 

oO. Kni'hill, h. 11 June, 17()9: scttlcil in ^'('rulout. 

:)1. S(,ni/i, 1.. 7 Fcliruiny. 1772: in. tdoini Weston 12 Mimli. 17!to. 

2<'). Jo.^Krii Boutell, -id, b. '» Mareb, 17.")7 : settled in 
Amherst. ]>y his wife, Abigail, he had — 

32. lllirxld. 1>. 27 -July, 17S1 : ui. fKbeue/.er Converse'. 

;>;i. LiKinniii. \k it) April, l(3s.") ; ni. Hannah Stevens 2<i XoveuiLer, 
1812 : settled in IJeading, ]\Iass.. and d. tliere. 

M. Lnlhcr, 1). s August, 17s!): d. in Marlow 11 Decenilier, 18(52. 

.'J.'i. CV//c///, I). 8 August. 17!t2 ; il. young. 

.'>(). A/iifjail, b. 2 Jiuie, 17!il; ni. Zaccheus Gerry, of Stonehani. 
Mass., 28 April, 1822; d. 31 December, ls7s. 

37. C'llrin. ]>. 10 .\ugust. 17!t7: res. in llopkinton. 

V\. 29. Calkh Boltell, b. o November, 17iiii. d. 22 
June. 1^4.'); m. Rebecca Converse, 1") November. 1 7'."7. She 
was b. 22 Febniary. 17sl : d. •'> Aj.ril. 1 SC.'.t. Their children 
were — 

.■'.8. J!eh>cra. h. 2 April. 17!i!»: m. Ta-sehal Kleteher. ot DuustaMe. :',1 
•Fanuary, 182((. 

3!). Eicrline, 1>. 10 .March, isdl : ni. fSamuel 15. Melendy. 
4l). ^llohirt. 1>. 13 June. 18;»3: ni. Frances .Meleudv. 



012 HISTORY OF AMHERST. [Chap. 

41. Alary Aim, h. o August, 1805; m. Loaiinni Fletcher, of Dun- 
stable, 25 December, 1832. 

42. Samh, b. 27 February, 1808. 

43. ButJi, b. 1 May, 1810; ni. Thomas F. Wilsou. 

41. Sophia, h. 26 December, 1812 ; m. Benjamiu Goodridge 4 April, 
1839 ; d. at Fairbanks, Iowa, 3 January, 1881. 

45. Alrnira, b. 4 September, 1815; d. 7 October, 1858; unmarried. 
4ii. jFrunfis Kendal!, h. 1 Xovember. 1818. 

VII. 40. Robert Boutell, b. 13 June, 1803 ; m. Fran- 
ces Melendy 20 January, 1829, They res. in Amherst. 
Their children are — 

47. Caroline F., b. 13 January. 1830 ; ui. John A. .Iiinkins, of Xashua, 
23 Xoveniber, 1854. 

48. Sarah M., b. 23 INIarcli, 1832 ; m. John AVallace, of Boston, 31 De- 
cember, 1869. 

49. Henry ii., b. 1 June, 183!j: u\. ]\Iary C. ^liller, of ]VIerrimack, 2 
August, 1863. 

Vll. 46. Francis Kendall Boutell, b. 1 November, 
1818; m. Eliza J. C. Daiiforth 22 December, 1842. She 
was b. 23 September, 1822 ; res. in Amherst. I'heir chil- 
dren are — 

.50. Albert F.,h.2Q ]\Iarcli, 1845: m. Eliza A. II. Sanderst)n, of Mont 
\'ernon, 19 March, 1866. 

51. (reorye R., b. 19 July, 1847: m. Addie S. Davis, of :Milford, 23 
December, 1869. 

.52. Charles C, b. 7 October, 1850: m. ?»!ary F. Loveland, of We.sfc 
Randolph, Vt., 19 October, 1874. 

53. Creiyhton P., b. 5 July, 1856. 

:A. Elmer, b. 22 April, 1861. 

55. Reuben and Eunice Boutell, from Reading, Mass., 
settled in Amherst prior to the Revolutionary war. About 
1778 they rem. to Antrim. Their cliildren,!). in Amherst, 
Avere — 

56. Ruth, b. 21 Januarj^ 1771 : m. Daniel Duncklee 14 April, 1803; 
d. 5 December, 1822. 

57. Sarah, b. 8 December, 1774. 

58. Joshua, b. 4 June, 1777. 



XXIV.] (JENEALOfJIKS. r»lH 

51). Joseph Boitell, .ir., whs u rcsidfiit in AiulK^rst prior 
to the devolution. lie »i. G January, 1S07, aged 74. lian- 
nah, his widow, d. 11 May, 1808, aged 70. Their son- 

r»0. Joseph Boutell, M, h. 27 March, HOH, ni. Sarah 
Katon, of Jieading, Mass., lil> June, 17H8. She d. ;J Novem- 
l)er, 182!), aged GO. He d. 7 July, 1828. Their ehildreu 
were — 

01. H(inti(i/i. h. ]79'-): tii.(l) M.ivorick Sniitli, Fchriiarv. l.SMO; m. 
(■J) .Idliii Ilascltiiii'. Slic (1. 10 March. 1S77; no childnMi. 
i>-J. ^I.ilhi /•;.,] I. IT'iii. 
[)•■). Sum/,. \>. 17!):): i].-S', D.'.cinl.cr. IS-J.I: muuarrici]. 

02. Lilly K. Boutell, m. Tliebe ilolt, ol" Temple, Fehru- 
a ry, 1S20. She was b. 8 January, 1798: d. 27 October, 
1847. Ur .1. 24 July. lS2!t. Muvd ;53. Th<-ir rhihiren 
were — 

(jl. (itlirtjr IC. 

G.'). Pheh,. 

Thr children of (GG) Amos and Eleanou Bodtell were — 

07. Eleanor, 1>. 12 Jatiuarv. ITT'i; in. William Dniigc (J .liiiic. \H)\. 
OS. Sarah, h. V) Aw^nsi, 1773. 
(■)!). /'Jlizahn/t. 1.. 10 March. 1775. 

70. L'nlh, 1). 1 March, 1777. 

71. Lijilia Ldcis, b. 11 June, 1780. '^ 

72. -Varon Boutell, ni. Taliitha Eaton 19 December, 1780. 
He (1. 17 Decemlx'r, 18;'.!>, aged 80. Their childrrn wen — 

7-\. Tiililt/ia. li. 17 .Inly. \