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THE HISTORY 



TOWN OF DUMMERSTON, 



DAYID LUFKIN MANSFIELD. 



[from vol. v. of the VERMONT HISTORICAL GAZETTEER NOW IN PRESS.] 
[COPYRIGHTED.] 




The First Town Settled by Anglo Saxon descendants in the 
State. 



LUDLOW, VT. : 
PUBLISHED BY MISS A. M. HEMENWAY. 

1884. 



12C4i43 




From apainim^ bj 

Di John Wilson, al^out 1821, 



dummi;k2t 



BY DiYID ILiPKm MAl^^SFIELD, 



He thai is n<it proud of his ancestors, eith^er he has no ancestors to be in-oiui of, 
or he is a degenerate son, " 



THE FIRST VISIT OF WHITE 
MEN TO DUMMERSTON 

Was that of Col. Joseph Kellogg and 
his scouting party from Fort Dunimer. 

They ascended Black Mountain, 
Nov. 30, 1724 ; Col. Kellogg wrote in 
his journal at that time:- 

"The next scout I sent up ye West 
River Moitntain, and there to Lodge on 
yte loj) and view Evening and Morning 
for smoaks, and thence up ye mountain 
at Great Falls and there also to Lodge 
on ye top and view morning and eve- 
ning for smoak ; but these making no 
discovery of any Enemy returned . " 

Dummerston was a name originally 
applied to one of four tracts of land 
granted about 1713, by Massachu- 
setts to Connecticut as an equivalent for 
197,793 acres of land granted by the for- 
mer to planters, and which upon deter- 
mining the boundary between the two 
governments were found to be within 
the jurisdiction of the latter. This 
tract containing 43.943 acres and in- 
cluding a portion of the present towns 
of Brattleboro, Dummerston, and Put- 
uey, was sold at auction, together with 
the other tracts, by order of the colony 
of Connecticut, April 24 and 25, 1716. 
and upon partition made, fell to Will- 
iam Dummer (afterwards Lieutenant 
Governor.) Anthony Stoder (Stoddard) 
William Brattle and John White. 



I Dummer being the oldest proprietor, 
the tract was called after him. On tlie 

I settlement of the judicial line between 
Massachusetts and New Hampshire in 
1741, this tract fell within the limits 
of the government of New Hampshire 
which incorporated the whole into three 
townships, including in the middle 
township, the greatest part of the land 
belonging to the heirs of Wm. Dummer 
and Antony Stoder, and called the 
name of it Fullum, by virtue of which 
the privileges of a town are now held. 

The charter from New Hampshire, 
dated Dec. 26, 1753, was issued to 
Stoder and 56 others, and covered 19, 
360 acres. The time to fulfil some of 
the conditions of the charter was extend- 
ed June 12, 1760, and again Julv 7, 
1763. 

''History of Netv EnqJancV — Cooled ge 

and 3lansfield, I860.-- Town Record. 

Xote: Anthony Stoddard, William Dummer 
and .Jolm White, resided in Boston Mass. and 
Wm. Brattle in Cambridge 

ORIGINAL CHARTER OF 
DUMMERSTON^. 

Through the kindness of 
O. E. Randall of Chesterfield, N. H., 
the representative of that town to the 
Legislature of that State, which met at 
Concord, June 4, 1879, we have obtain- 
ed a copy of the charter of Fullum. 
The original charter is recorded in 



VERMONT HISTOKrCAL MAGAZINE. 



the ''Charter Record" Vol. 1 Page 185, 
which vokime is kept in the office of the 
Secretary of vState, for the State of 
New Hampshire, at Concord, 

PROVINCE OF NEW HAMPSHIRE. 

*******»««^ George the second 
I [ * tvy tlie grace of God, of 
I ^' -^' * Great Britain, France 
*.*.******4it* aud Irehmd. King, de- 
fender of the Faith, &c. To all Per- 
sons to whom these Presents shall come, 
Greeting : Know ye, that we of om' 
special gi'ace, certain knowledge, and 
mere motion, for the encom-agement of 
settling a New Plantation within om- 
said Province, by and with the advice 
of om- trusty and well-beloved Benning 
Wentworth, Esq., our Governor and 
Commander-in-chief of our said Prov- 
ince of New Hampshire, in New Eng- 
land, and of our Council of said Prov- 
ince, have upon the conditions and res- 
ervations hereinafter made, given and 
granted, and by these presents, for us 
our heirs and successors, do give and 
grant in equal shares unto our living 
subjects, inhabitants of our said Prov- 
ince of New Hampshire, and our other 
governments, and to their heirs and 
assigns forever, whose names are en- 
tered on this grant, to be divided to 
and amongst them into fifty-six shares 
(two of which shares to be laid out in 
one tract of the contents of eight hun- 
bred acres for His Excellency, Benning 
Wentworth, Esq., and in full for his 
two shares, which said tract is boun- 
ded Viz: Beginning at the North E^ast 
Corner of this town, then running down 
Connecticut River two hundred and for- 
ty rods, then West 10'^ North, till 
eight hundred acres are completed,) all 
that tract or parcel of land situate, ly- 
in,2 and being within our said Province 
of New Hampshire, containing by ad 
measurment, nineteen thousand three 
hunded and sixty acres, which tract is 
to contain five and a half miles square 
and no more ; out of which an allow- 
ance is to be made for highways, and 
unimprovable lands, by rocks, pond 
mountains and rivers, one thousand and 
forty acres free, according, to a plan 



thereof, made and presented by our said 
Governor's order, and hereunto annex- 
ed, butted and bomided as follows, viz : 
Beginning at a stake and stone on the 
bank of Connecticut River, being the 
North East corner of Brattleborough 
and running West lO'' North on said 
Brattleborough to Marlboro East line, 
thence North 10^ East on said Marl- 
borough to the line of Faine thence on the 
line of Faine East 10° South, five hun- 
dred rods, thence, northerly on said 
Faine four miles to a stake and stones, 
from thence east 10° South to Connec- 
ticut River, and from thence down said 
river to the bound first mentioned, and 
that the same be, and hereby is incorp- 
erated into a township by the name of 
FuUmn, and that the inhabitants that 
do or shall hereafter inhabit the said 
townsliip, are hereby declared to be en- 
franchised with and entitled to all and 
every of the privileges and immunities 
that other towns witliin our Province 
by law exercise and enjoy : And fur- 
ther, that the said town as soon as. 
there shall be fifty families resident and 
settled thereon, shall have the liberty of 
holding two Fairs, one of wliich shall 
be held on the first Thursday in May 
annually, and the other on the first 
Thm-sday in September annually which 
Fairs are not to continue and be held 
longer than the respective Saturday fol- 
lowing the said respective Thursday, 
and that as soon as the said town shall 
consist of fifty families, a market shall 
be opened and kept one or more days, 
in each week, as may be thought most 
advantageous to the inhabitants : Also 
that the first meeting for the choice of 
town officers, agreeable to the laws of 
our said Province, shall be held on the 
fifteenth day of January next, which 
meeting shall be notified by Josiah 
Willard, Esq., who is hereby appointed 
the Moderator of the said first meeting 
which he is to notify and govern agree- 
able to the laws and customs of our said 
Province ; and that the annual meeting 
for ever hereafter for the choice of such 
officers for the said town, shall be on 
the first Tuesday of March, annually 
to have and to hold the said tract of 
land as above expressed together with 
I all privileges and appurtenances, *o 



DUMMER8T0N. 



them and their respective heirs and iis- 
sigus forever, upon the following condi- 
tions, viz : 

I. That every grantee, his heirs or 
assigns shall plant or cultivate five 



dred and sLxtj four, one shilling pro- 
clamation money for every hundred a- 
cres he so owns, settles or posscK'^es. and 
so in proportion for a gre^iter or lesser 
tract of the said land ; which money 
acres of land within the term of five i *^^'*^' ^^ P5''^\ '^7 ^^^^ respective persons 
years, for every fifty acres contained in 
his or their share or proportion of land 
in said township, and continue to im- 
prove and settle the same by additional 
cultivations, on penalty of forfeiture of 
his grant or share in the said township 
and of its reverting to us, our heirs and 
successors, to be by us or them re- 
granted to such of our subjects as shall 
eifeetually settle and cultivate the same. 

II. That all white and other pine trees 
within the said township, fit for Mast- 
ing our Royal Navy, be carefully pre- 
served for that use, and none to be 
cut or felled without his Majesty's special 
license for so doing first had and ob- 
tained, upon the penalty of forfeiture 
of the right of such grantee, his heirs 
and assigns, to us, our heirs and suc- 
cessors, as well as being subject to the 
penalty of any act or acts of Parlia- 
ment that now are, or hereafter shall be 
enacted. 

III. That before any division of the 
said land be made to and among the 
grantees, a tract of land as near the 
centre of said township as the land will 
admit of, shall be reserved and marked 
out for town lots, one of which shall be 
allotted to each grantee of the contents 
of one acre. 

IV. Yielding and paying thei'efor 
to us, our heirs and successors for the 
space of ten years, to be computed from 
the date hereof, the rent of one ear of 
Indian Corn only, on the first day of 
Januarv, annually, if lawfully demand- 
ed the first payment to be made on the 
first day of January after the first of 
January next ensuing the date hereof. 

V. Every proprietor, settler or in- 
habitant, shall yield and pay unto us, 
our heirs and successors yearly, and 
every year forever, from and after the 
expiration of ten years from the date 
hereof, namely, on the first day of Jan- 
uary, which will be in the year of our 
Lord Christ one thousand seven hun- 



above said, their heirs or assigns, m our 
Council Cluimher at Portsmouth, or to 
such oriicers as shall be appointed to re- 
ceive the same ; and this to be in lieu of 
all other rents and services whatsoever. 
In testimony whereof we have caused 
the Seal of our said Province to be 
hereunto affixed. Witness — iJenning 
Wentworth, Esq.. our Govenior and 
Commander-in-Chief of our sjiid Prov- 
ince, the twenty-sixth c'ay of December 
in the year of our Lord C hrist. one 
thousand seven hundred and fifty three, 
and in the twenty -seventli year of our 
Reign. 

B. WEXTWOUTIl. 

By his Excellenc3''s command, with 
advice of Council. 

THEODORE ATKENsbx, SECT'y. 

Entered and recorded according to 
the original, under the Province Seal, 
this 27th dav of December. 1753. 



NAMES OF THE GRANTEES 
OF FULLUM. 

Simeon Stodard. John Franklin, 
Anthony Stodard. Martha Holmes, 
Thomas Hubbard. Samuel Holebrook, 
Nathaniel Perkins, Thomas Brumfiehl, 
John Cushing. Samuel "Watts. John 
Chandler, Joseph Royal. Benjamin 
Lowder, William Lowder. Solomon 
Willard. Daniel Oliver. Gillum Phil- 
lips, John Foy, John Foy. Jun., 
Ebenezer Field, Samuel Hunt. John 
Powel, Jeremiah Powel. Shrimpton 
Hutchinson. Eliakim Hutchinson, Hen- 
ry Liddle, William Hutchinson. Rob- 
ert Jenkins, Thomas Amory, Natlian- 
iel Coffin, Jonas Mason. Thomas 
Scales, Nicholas Loreing. Benjamin 
Hallowell. Henry Bromfield. W'illiam 
Phillips. Samuel Freel, Richard Fos- 
ter. Robert Fletcher, Jun.. David 
Nevins. James 3Iinot, Jonatlian Hub- 
bard, Elijah Alexander. John Summers. 



VERMONT HISTORICAL MAGAZIxVE. 



John Pierce, Daniel Warner, Theo- 
dore Atkinson, Richard Wibird, Sam- 
uel vSolley, Meshech Wear. 

His Excelleucy, Beunixxg Wentworth, 
Esq. a tract ot' land to contain eight 
hundred acres, wiiieh is to be account- 
ed two of the within mentioned shares, 
and laid out and bounded as within 
mentioned ;, one whole share for the 
Incorporated Society for the Propaga- 
tion of the Grospel in Foreign Parts ; 
one whole share for the "first settled 
minister of the gospel ; in said town ; 
one whole share for a Glebe for the 
minister of the Church of England, as 
by Law Established ; also one whole 
share for Sampson Willard. Recorded 
from the back of the original Charter 
for Fullum the 27th. day of December 
1758. 

PR. THKODOKE ATKINSON, SECT't. 

The Grantees, owing' to Indian wars, 
as they claimed, could not fulfil the con- 
ditions of the charter ; hence, they ap- 
plied for an extension. Mr. Randall 
did not deem it necessary to copy the 
merely preliminary or terminal matter, 
but made the following extract from 
Extension of Charter : 

"Now know ye thai we being willing 
to promote the end proposed, have of 
our farther gi'ace and favour suspended 
our claims of the forfeitures which the 
said Grantees may have incurred, and 
by these presents do grant unto the 
said Grantees, their heirs and assigns 
the term of one year for performing anc) 
fulfilling the conditions, matters and 
things by them to be done which term 
is to be renewed annually until his Maj- 
esty's Plenary Instructions shall be re- 
ceived relative to the incident that has 
prevented a compliance Avith the charter 
according to the true intent and mean- 
ing thereof. Signed, sealed &c. by 
Benning Wentworth the 12th, of June 
1760. 

Received pr. Theodore Atkinson, 
Sect'y, according to the original. June 
12, 1760." 

DUMMERSTON AS SURVEYED IN 1767. 

The plan of the town as surveyed by 
Isaac Miller, and Ebenezer Waters in 



1767, is quite diiferent from the one re- 
corded at the end of the clmrter on the 
Charter Book .with the Seci'etary of the 
State of New Hampshire. The west 
boundary line of the town as surveyed ia 
1 767, is a straig-ht line. The plan of the 
town drawn on parchment by Ebenezer 
Waters is still in existence ; but the writ- 
ing has nearly faded out. By careful 
study, we have deciphered, or made out 
all but one or two wonls. It reads as 
follows : 

"This is a Piatt of 21,700 acres of 
Equivalent Lands, so called. Lying oa 
and adjoining the West side of Connect- 
icut River and North of Haidens Land 
so called, and said Equivalent Lands of 
Gov. Dummer and Anthony Stoddard 
Esq. deceased beginning at the N. E. 
corner of Brattleborough at a bass- 
wood tree ■ marked standing on the bank 
of said River^ From thence extendinj^ 
West 9'^ 45 North 5 3-4 Miles and 47 
rods to a Beech Tree marked on the 
West line of said Equivalent Lands fron:t 
thence extending North 26° 25 East 6 
3-4 Miles 18 1-4 rods on said West line 
to a small Hemlock Tree marked, Thence 
extending East 10° 25 South 6 3-4 miles 
& 56 rods to a stake an<l stones Found 
on the Bank of said River and frorat 
thence Extending southerly by said Riv- 
er on which it Bounds easterly to the 

Bounds as formerly said 15,600 

acres of said Land was laid out in the 
months of Sept. & Oct. 1767, and 6100 
acres laid out in the month of Jvme — for 
all said Land was laid into 1 00 acre lots 
Excepting some slips that was not con- 
venient for lots, and these was also 
mostly on con:ters — all was done in lots 
that could be by Isaac Miller of Worces- 
ter & by Particular orders of Capt. John 
Stevens of Ashford, Conn, and Anthony 

Stoddard Esq. Surveyed. 

Per Ebenz. Waters." 

The Captain's name was barely leg^- 
ible. The south line of Dummerston is 
now 7 miles long, and the width of the 
town about 5 miles. 61 lots, or 6100 
acres, were sometime set off to Putney, 
leaving 15,600 acres. Adding 1400' 



DUMMERSTON. 



probably ouce a part of Marlboro, we ' 
have 17,000 acres, or as reported in the 
grand list of 1880, 18.-481 acres. The 
township was re-charted by Gov. Try on 
in 1766. 

TOPOG-RAPHY OF THE TOWN. 

Brookline and Putney bound Dum- 
merston on the N., Connecticut river on 
the E., Brattleboro on the S., Marlboro 
and Newfane on the W. The surface 
is exceedingly diversified. There are 
many high hills and deep valleys. Most 
of the land is very productive, especially 
in the Connecticut river and the "West 
river valleys ; and other portions are 
well adapted for grazing purposes. The 
principal forest trees are hemlock, pine, 
beech, birch, oak, ash, hickory and some 
chestnut. The sugar maple is abuadant, 
and the product of one of the ' largest 
orchards, in the best seasons, has been 
3300 lbs. of maple sugar. In 1850, 
other products amounted to 1581 head 
of cattle valued at $50,000 ; 967 bush- 
els of rye were raised that year, also, 
8639 bushels of oats; 45066 lbs. of 
butter were made and 14550 lbs. of 
cheese. 

West river separates the town into two 
divisions called East and West Dum- 
merston . It flows southeasterly through 
the town and empties into the Connecti- 
cut at Brattleboro. The school districts 
are numbered from one to five in the 
west part, and from one to eight in the 
east. Two have been consolidated with 
the others leaving only eleven at the 
present day. The west village is located 
near the right bank of West river on a 
lowland plain running north and south. 
The principal buildings include a church, 
store, tavern, post-office, and saw and 
grist-mill. The thrifty farmers and 
mechanics occupy neat looking dwell- 
inors. The Brattleboro and Whitehall 



narrow gauge railroad is building past 
this village. (Written in 1879.) 

From this valley the hills rise gradu- 
ally till their summit is reached, in this 
town, four miles distant near Marlboro 
pond. From that point the hills over- 
look Black mountain which rises to a 
height of 1150 feet above the surface of 
West river into which flow the streams 
from this high range of hills. The 
largest stream is Allen's brook, so named 
from the circumstance that a Mr. Allen 
was killed by the Indians many years 
ago, and buried near its source at Marl- 
boro pond. They defeated the whites 
in a battle at Newfane, and Mr. Allen 
was one of the number pursued and 
killed. For long years a pine stump 
marked the spot where he was buried 
near the brook which received his name. 
Late years it has been called Stickney 
brook. On it are good water privileges, 
and within a few years, 4 saw-mills 
were standing on its banks within the 
space of as many miles. Three are 
still in operation and one has been 
pulled down. Along the passes of this 
brook are very deep ravines. The most 
beautifid stream is "Furnace brook" 
on which is the "Cascade" made famous 
and attractive to the passer-by on ac- 
count of its foaming, rushing and 
sparkling waters jumping, tossing and 
glittering in tlie falling rays of the sun, 
down over a high ledge of rocks shaded 
by over-hanging trees and bushes threat- 
ening to dash upon the traveler as he 
passes over the bridge under which it 
swiftly glides into the river below. 

Of the western range, Wicopee Hill is 
the most famous. Years ago there was 
no other pathway up the West river 
valley from Brattleboro to Newfane ex- 
cept over this very steep hill, by marked 
trees ; and the traveler must have found 
it a hard road to travel. Black Mount- 



VERMONT HISTORICAL MAGAZINE. 



ain is on the left bank of West river 
opposite the village of West Dummers- 
ton. It rises almost perpendicularly 
from the water 1150 feet and opens to 
the south in the form of a horse-shoe, 
called " The Shoe of the Mountain." 
The appearance of the mountain as you 
pass along on the opposite bank of the 
river, is bold and majestic. Granite 
rocks are piled one upon another. Ever- 
green trees and stunted shrubbery poorly 
cover its surface and give it a dark and 
sombre hue. In the N. W. part of the 
town is a narrow defile made by the 
river. Along this narrow passway called 
" The valley of the shadow of death," 
is the road leading to Newfane. So 
steep and high are the hiUs and so nar- 
row the pass, that for two or three 
months of the winter the rays of the 
sun scarcely fall upon the road for a 
mile, any part of the day. WeU may 
the traveler exclaim on his journeying 
over the hills in this town : 

"Tlie Mils! the everlasting hills! 

How peerlessly they rise, 
Like earth's gigantic sentinels. 

Discoursing in the skies." 

Through the east part of the town 
passes the Vermont Valley Railroad 
along the Connecticut valley. The rail- 
road buildings include a passenger and 
freight depot. After leaving the rail- 
road station, about two miles distant 
across the meadows and plains is the 
village of Slab Hollow, not a very high 
sounding name, but a place of consider- 
able business, located on Salmon brook 
where there are good water privileges. 
The principal buildings are mills and 
shops, aside from the dwellings which 
together make quite a collection. One 
mile farther west is Dummerston Centre, 
a small village on an elevation of land 
that affords a delightful view of the long 
range of New Hampshire hills. No 
water-power is near and hence its for- 



mer prosperity has greatly declined. 
Here is where the first meeting-house 
was built more 'than a century ago. 
Here is where the first settlers met so 
often at the house of Enoch C'ook to 
transact town business. The new meet- 
ing-house stands not far from the site of 
the old church. The post-office is located 
where Hosea Miller lived, who was one 
of fourteen to sign the first call for a 
settler's meeting Jan. 21, 1771. 

Business was once sufficient to keep 
open two stores, and the firm of Noyes, 
Mann & Hayes profited to the extent of 
$3,000 in one year. Litigants found 
employment for two lawyers ; and the 
old time schoolmaster flourished his ruler 
over four-score and ten pupils. All is 
now changed. The number of school 
children has lessened one third. The 
old store is empty, the lawyers are 
starved out and only tillers of the soil 
remain. The range of hills through the 
central part of the town form a water- 
shed from which the streams flow in one 
direction to the West river, and in the 
opposite direction, easterly, to the Con- 
necticut. The principal streams on the 
eastern slope are Salmon brook and 
Canoe brook or Murder Hollow brook 
as it is called at the present day. The 
first name was given from the circum- 
stance that Alexander Kathan,one of the 
first settlers, found an Indian canoe in 
that stream. The other name was 
given from the fact of its being the 
scene of a murder committed near where 
it empties into the Connecticut. The 
victim was a peddler of silk dress-goods. 
His .body was supposed to have been 
thrown into the river, as a trail from the 
place of violence was found leading 
across the sandy soil to the edge of the 
stream. 

The view from Prospect hill is always 
pleasing, and at this season of the year. 



DUMMERSTOX- 



May 27th, when the fields and pastures 
are green with fresh grass, the forests 
clothed with new leaves and the fruit 
trees in full bloom, the survey is truly 
delightful. Prospect is nearly 200 feet 
higher than the beautiful hill where the 
Centi-al village stands below, and almost 
overlooks Black mountain on the south- 
west in the West river valley. From 
its summit ten churches are visible in 
the several villages exposed to view. A 
part of the thriving village of Brattle- 
boro can be seen six miles southward. 
The Green Mountains terminate the 
view in the west and gradually slope 
downward to the valley between, fertil- 
ized by West river, that rushes on in its 
rapid course until it unites Avith the 
Connecticut a few miles to the south, 
and destined some day not far distant to 
furnish a path for the swift locomotive 
that carries wealth and enterprise where- 
ever it speeds. The blue Ascutney rises 
prominent in the scenery 40 miles away 
to the north, and the woodland hills fade 
into the horizon far beyond. The gran- 
ite hills of New Hampshire extend along 
the eastern sky and the grey old turret 
of Mt. Monadnock rears in sight far 
above the neighboring summits. A rich 
and beautiful valley intei-venes, through 
which flow the tranquil waters of the 
Connecticut as they roll silently on to 
the broad ocean. These are some of 
the principal featm-es of the surrounding 
landscape. Consider, also, the culti- 
vated fields, the numerous farm-dwell- 
ings, dotting the hillsides, the gi'assy 
plains and the fertile meadows and many 
pleasing objects, too numerous for de- 
scription, and it can well be said that 
the view is charming. 

GEOLOGY. 

This paper for our history was to have 
been written by Samuel Knight of Brat- 



tleboro, but old age and failing heahh 
prevented his performing the allotted 
task. The writer can make only a brief 
statement on the subject: In the east 
part of the town is a large quarry of ar- 
gillaceous or roofing slate which has 
been wrought for more than half a cen- 
tury. There are other kinds of slate some 
of which are serviceable for flagging 
stones. Schorl or black tourmaline is 
found in this town. Granite is also very 
abundant and highly valuable for build- 
ing stones. E^xcellent gi-anite has been 
extensively wrought for building abut- 
ments, piers, culverts of highways and 
railroads. It is also used for the walls 
of buildings, underpinning, doorsteps, 
hearthstones, window-caps and fencing 
posts. Allen, or Stickney brook, flows 
over a bed of excellent granite near its 
mouth, that has been worked many 
years. There is a shop near by for stone 
mason's work where the granite is form- 
ed into the required shape for building 
purposes. Black mountain is a huge pile 
of granite rocks piled up like "Ossa on 
Pelion" making an inexhaustible gran- 
ite quarry. The Brattleboro and White- 
hall Railroad passes close to the foot of 
this mountain of granite. [ the above 
was written in 1879. The writer adds, 
Jan. 1884 :] This quarry was owned 
by a New Yoi*k Company in 1879. It is 
now owned by Geo. Lyon of Northfield 
Mass. who employs about 50 men in get- 
ting out granite. He has a large and in- 
creasing business, and contracts at the 
present time that will require two or 
more years to fuliil. ' 

BKATTLEBORO AND WHITEHALL R. R. 
Gauge, three feet : 

The road extends up the West River 
valley from Brattleboro to Londonderry. 

The trains began running, Nov. 20, 
1880, and the road has been in success- 
ful operation since that time with in- 



VERMONT HISTORICAL MAGAZINE. 



creased earnings and passenger traffic 
from year to year. The earnings from 
Nov. 20, 1880, to Jan. 1, 1882, as re- 
ported by the treasurer, of the road 
are as foUoAvs : 

From passengers, $15,041,97 

,, freight, 15,919,78 

,, express, 579,41 

,, mails, 2,251,14 

A total of 33,810,30 

The total cost of the road was not far 

from $408,000. 



RECORD HISTORY,* 
NOTIFICATION. 

This is to inform the freeholders of 
the Town of Dummerston that they 
meet at the house of Mr. Isaac Miller 
in said town on the first Monday March 
at ten of the clock in the forenoon to act 
on the following articles, viz : 

1st. To choose a Moderator to govern 
said meeting. 

2d. To choose a Clerk for the settlers. 

3d. To see if they will choose a com- 
mity to lay out roads in said town. 

4th. To choose Surveyor to order the 
work on said roads, and see how many 
days each man shall work at the roads 
year ensuing. 

5th. To choose a commity to view 
the public Lots and choose a spot to set 
a meeting house on, and this commity 
to be employed by the settlers to see to 
the owners for a title to the land to set 
a meeting liovise on. 

6th. To choose a commity to look out 
a convenient spot for a burying place. 

7th. For all who have worked on the 
road to bring in their account at said 
meeting — and further to act as they 
shall think proper when met together. 
Dummei'ston, January the 21st, 1771. 
The foregoing was signed by 

Alexander Kathan, Ebe'z. Haven, 
Chas. Davenport, Daniel Kathan, Enoch 
Cook, John Kilbury, Samuel Wiswall, 
Josiah Boy den, Barzilla Rice, Rufus 
Sargent, Samuel Dutton, Jr., Nathaniel 
French, Isaac Miller, Hosea Miller. 

Agreeable to the foregoing the settlers 
met at the house of Mr. Isaac Miller in 
*Froin Josepli Miller, Town Clerk. 



Dummerston on Monday the 4th day of 
March 1771 and acted as folio weth, viz : 

1st. Chose Mr. Alexander Kathan 
Moderator. 

Secondly Enoch Cook Settlers Clerk 

Sly. Voted and chose Mr. Samuel 
Wiswall. Mr. Alexander Kathan and 
Mr. Enoch Cook for to be a commity 
to lay out roads. 

4tldy. Chose Mr. Isaac Miller and 
Mr. Benjamin Jones to be joined by the 
above commity to view the public Lots 
andchusea spottosetthe meetinghouse. 

5thly. Choose Mr. Benjamin Jones 
and Mr. Alexander Kathan Surveyors 
of highways and voted each settlers lot 
to work four days. 

Gly. Choose Mr. Charles Davenport 
and Mr. Daniel Kathan and Mr. Joseph 
Hildreth to look out a burying place o 

7th. Voted the commity for viewing 
public Lots, to apply to the owners for 
a title to the land to set the Meeting- 
house on. 

Agreeable to the 7th article, put to 
vote whether there should be any allow- 
ance for any that had worked at the 
roads before the year 1771, and it passed 
in the negative. 

"A town meeting was holden.at the 
house of Mr. Enoch Cook in December 
1772 voted to build a meeting house 
forty foot long and thirty two foot wide 
Lieutenant Spaulding, and Mr. Charles 
Davenport and Mr. Ebenezer Haven a 
commity to compute the cost and ad- 
journed till the 28th day of this instant 
day of December at the house of Mr. 
Thompson at eleven o'clock in the fore- 
noon. 

December 28th 1772 then met accord- 
ing to adjournment at the house of Mr. 
Jacob Thompson & voted, first, that the 
vote for build a meeting-house forty feet 
long, and thirty two feet be Reconsidered 
and voted that a meeting house be built 
50 feet long, and 40 feet wide, and fur- 
ther voted that Mr. John Hooker, & 
Mr. Joseph Hildreth and Enoch Cook 
be a commity to forward the building of 
said house, and dissolved the meeting. 
(No name signed as clerk but think 
Enoch Cook at this time was clei'k.) 

Dummerston, Alias, Fullam, Alias, 
Fullam District, May 9th, 1772. 



DUMMERSTON 



Pii1)lic Notice is hereby given that tlie 
third Tuesday in May instant being the 
lyth of the same month is appointed by 
law, for the freeholders and inhabitants 
of that tract of land called FuUam 
which is erected into a District to elect 
& choose from & among the freeholders 
& inhabitants thereof one Supervisor, 
Assessor, Collector, Overseer of the Poor 
Commissioners for laying out highwavs. 
Also so many persons to be Surveyors, 
and Overseers of the highway as shall 
be thought to be necessary. Fence- 
viewers, and four Constables and Select- 
men or Trustees." 

INTRODUCTIOK TO THE RECORDS OF DUM- 
MERSTON FOR THE YEARS 1773 & 1774. 

The tract of land called Dummerston 
is a part of the tract of land on the west 
side of Connecticut River formerly 
gi'anted to Connecticut government as 
an equivolent for some lands whieh the 
province of Massacdusetts Bay had 
granted to their planters which upon in- 
quiry was found to be within the Gov- 
ernment of Connecticut in order to secui'e 
the property of ye soil to the Massachu- 
setts planters, that government granted 
to Connecticut the property of sundiy 
tracts of their province lands one of 
which was the tract here mentioned, 
which the government of Connecticut 
sold to sundry private gentlemen among 
whom the late Honorable William Dum- 
mer Anthony Stoder Esq. whose heirs 
are now the proprietors of one-half of 
the whole tract on Connecticut River 
supposed to contain 48000 acres the said 
Wm. Dummer being the oldest proprie- 
tor the tract was called after him, the 
name is noAV kept up in acknowledge- 
ment of the title from the original grant 
of the Massachusetts government Avhich 
is the title the land is now held by — 
on the settlement of the jurisdictional 
line of the province of Massachusetts 
Bay with that of New Hampshire, the 
tract of land here mentioned fell within 
the limits of New Hampshire govern- 
ment which incorporated the whole into 
three township including in the middle 
townships the greatest part of the lands, 
belonging to the heirs of Wm. Dummer 
& Anthony Stoddard & called the name 
of Fulliim by virtue of which the priv- 



ileges of a town are now la-id Besides 
the town of it Fullum which is known by 
the name of Dummerston. includes near- 
ly one half of the town of Putney, 

MINX'TES FROM DUMMERSTON RECORDS, 

''After the record of a town meeting 
holden on the 17th of May 1774, are 
the remarks of Dr. Solomon Harvey 
then town clerk of Dummerston. The 
reader may observe that no Trustees 
were chosen at the annual meeting as 
usiuil, which, should it excite any spec- 
ulation, it may be remembered that the 
Government of New York who had ever 
since July ye 4th Anno 17f;4. exercised 
an unprecidented system of tyrany over 
all that territory then called State of 
Vermont — and did in almost numberless 
instances, so cruelly harrass and pillage 
the poor new settlers in their intolerably, 
inhospitable wilderness, as rendered 
their hard earned pittance scarce worth 
enjoying, and all under the sacred and 
auspicious name of administering jus- 
tice ; for a particular account of which 
see Col. Ethan Allen's treatise on the 
monopolizing conduct of New York rel- 
ative to the New Hampshire grantees 
and settlers on the West side of the 
Green ^Mountains ; and all to reflect on 
the conduct of the New Yorkers in the 
neighborhood from the time of the com- 
mitment of Lieut. Spaulding to the 
common jail for high treason till after 
their murthering of William French and 
Daniel Houghton : and no man can be 
at a loss in regard to the truth of what 
is here laid down. 

Governor Tyron and his imps, and 
the minions of the British tyrant (George 
the third) had by their hell invented 
policy, their plans, commissioners and 
other artful insinuations, extended their 
influence into every new plantation over 
which they tyranized, and had not failed 
even to have some in their interest in 
this town who by art and insinuation 
overpursuaded the honest people of the 
town to omit choosing Trustees for tlie 
year, alleging that they had no right to 
it by virtue of any law of the Govern- 
ment, notwithstanding the provision 
made and provided in such case, and the 
special injunction to all incorporated so- 
cieties to comply with it, and accordingly 



10 



VERMONT HISTORICAL MAGAZINE. 



the meeting was dissolved by a majority 
of votes. The people finding how grossly 
they had been imposed on in the aifair, 
grew uneasy at the conduct of the artful 
insinuator, knowing that the next step 
would be that the New York Judges 
and Trustees in their Court convened at 
that blood stained star-chamber in West- 
minster Avould appoint some of their 
immisaries to supply the place of Trus- 
tees in the town according to the law of 
New York made and provided in that 
case as aforesaid, and of consequence to 
avoid the mischief entended a meeting 
was held on the 10th of June following 
at 4 of the clock in the afternoon at the 
house of Enoch Cook in said town pre- 
vious to which an advertisement had 
been published by the Clerk exhibiting 
the articles hereafter acted on, viz : 
Istly, After the meeting being opened 
the Moderator of the former meeting 
took his place in order to keep silence 
agreeable to the 1st article, the inhabi- 
tants voted to reconsider the vote of the 
former meeting for dissolving it, and to 
revise said meeting and 2dly chose Jos- 
eph Hildreth, Enoch Cook and Solomon 
Harvey Trustees for the year ensuing. 
3dly, Thomas Clark as an assessor to 
be joined with the other two chosen at 
the former meeting, after which the 
meeting was adjourned, and to meet at 
any time or as occasion might require 
in the judgement of the Trustees, to 
consider of such business as might be 
thought sufficient for consideration, the 
response for a meeting of this nature 
seems to have been the threatning ap- 
proach of New Yorks Tyranny which 
might require a more speedy meeting of 
the inhabitants than what could have 
been convened agreeable to the usual 
method. 

A true record of the aforesaid pro- 
ceedings. 
Per SoLOMNN Harvey, Town Clerk. 

On the 18th of Oct. ADom 1774 
Lieut, Leonard Spaulding of the town 
of Fulham Alias Dummerston was com- 
mitted to the common goal for high treas- 
on against the British Tyrant George 
the third, by the direction of the infa- 
mous Crean Brush, his attorney and 
Noah Sabin William Willard and Eph- 
raim Rana Esqrs. and Wm. Patterson 



the high Shreve and Benjamin Gorton 
and the infamous Bildad Eason his depu- 
ties upon which he upon the following 
day, viz : Oct. 29th a majority of the 
inhabitants meet near the house of 
Charles Davenport on the green and 
made choice of sundry persons to serve 
as a committee correspondency to join 
with other towns or respectable bodies 
of people, the better to secure and pro- 
tect the rights and privileges of them- 
selves and fellow creatures from the 
ravages and embarrassments of the 
British tyrant and his New York and 
other emmasaries. The persons made 
choice of ware these, viz: Solomon 
Harvey, John Butler, Jonathan Knight, 
Josiah Boyden, Daniel Gates. 

By whose vigilence and activity Mr. 
Spaulding was released from his con- 
finement after about eleven days ; the 
committee finding it necessary to be 
assisted by a large concourse of their 
freeborn neighbors and brethren consis- 
ting of the inhabitants of Dummerston, 
Putney, Guilford, Halifax and Draper, 
who discovered a patriotic zeal, and true 
heroic fortitude on the important occas- 
ion. The plain truth is that the sons of 
freedom whose patience was worn out 
with the inhuman insults of the imps of 
power, grew quite sick of diving after 
redress in a legal way and finding that 
the law was only made use of, for the 
emolument of its creatures and the im- 
misaries of the British tyrant, resolved 
on an eisier method and accordingly 
opened the goal without key or lock- 
picker, and after congratulating Mr. 
Spaulding upon the recovery of his 
freedom dispersed every man in peace 
to his respective home, or place of abode. 

The aforegoing is a true and short 
relation of that wicked afi'air of the 
New York cut-throatly Jacobitish^ High 
Church Torietical minions of George 
the third, the pope of Canada and tyr- 
ant of Briton. 
Per Solomon Harvey, Town Clerk. 

P. S. — Mr. Spaulding's pretended 
crime was that he threw out some words 
unfavourable to the British tyrant, relat- 
ing to the Quebeck bill by which he is 
made pf>pe of that Government. 

On February ye 3d the freeholders of 
Dummerston met at the house of Enoch 



DUMMERSTON. 



11 



Cook in Siiid town, at the hour of 2 in 
the isfternoon agreeable to a legal adver- 
tistmeut for the purpose. 

Istly. Made choice of Hosea Miller 
as Moderator. 

•2dly. Chose Solomon Harvey, and 
Richard Kelley to serve as delegates to 
set in Congress at Westminister on the 
7th instant at the hour of ten in the 
forenoon. 

3dly . Voted that the Courts of Com- 
mon pleas be put by for a time. After 
which the meeting was adjourned to the 
14th instant at 2 of the clock in the 
afternoon, in order to hear the report of 
the delegates after the rising of Congress. 
HoSEA Miller, Moderator. 

A true copy from the minutes, 
per Solomon Harvey Town Clerk 

On Feb. ye 14th met according to 
adjournment the former Moderator be- 
ing absent and made choice of Enoch 
Cook to conclude the business of the 
meeting. 

Voted Istly, That the Delegates con- 
duct at the Congress is satisfactory to 
the town. 

2ndly. Voted that the Cadet Com- 
pany have leave to act independent of 
the town until the 3d ^Yednesday in 
May next with regard to military 
affairs. 

3dly. Voted to dissolve the meeting. 

A true copy from the minuets 
pr Solomon Harvey Town Clerk 
On the 2od. of November 1774, at 
8 o clock in the forenoon the freeholders 
&c met at the house of Enoch Cook in 
Dummerston agreeable to an advertise- 
menn previously posted for that purpose 
in which the articles to be acted on were 
regularly inserted. 

1st Chose Solomon Harvey, P^benezer 
Haven, Hosea Miller to act as delegates 
in the County Congress at Westminster, 
on the 30th instant 

2dly Voted that the Assessors, assess 
the town in a discretionary sum of mon- 
ey sufiicient to procure lOOwt. of Gun- 
powder 200wt. of Lead & 300 flints for 
the town use, which was proposed to be 
procured with Potash Salts 

3dly Voted that Josiah Boyden & 
Thomas Clark be a committee to receive 
the Salts & procure the articles above 



mentioned. The meeting was then dis- 
solved by vote of the town 
Per Solonan iiauvey Town Clerk 
Finistur A Dom 1774. 

On April tlie Gth a meeting was held 
in Dummerston agreeal)le to the usual 
forms. 

Voted Istly That Lieut. Leonard 
Spaulding be the Moderator of said 
meeting. 

Voted 2dly To send Solomon Harvey, 
Ebenezer Haven, Cornelius Jones and 
William Negus to Westminster, there 
to meet other Committees, to consult on 
the best methods for dealing with the 
unprovoked murthers of William French 
and Daniel Houghton. 

3dly Voted to Dismiss Alexander 
Kathan and Enoch Cook from being 
Assessors because they refused to asses 
the town for the purchasing a stock of 
ammunition agreeable to a vote of the 
town of November ye 28th 1774, 

4thly Made choice of Jonathan Knight 
Hosea Miller, Wm. Negus to supply 
their places after which the meeting was 
dissolved by a majority of votes. Tests 
Leonard Spaulding, Moderator. 

Per Solomen Harvey Town Clerk." 

Remarks of Solomon Harvey 
Town Clerk 

I cannot conclude the records of the 
town regularly with regard to sundry 
proceedings toward the close of the year. 
I would cast no undue reflections but it 
may not be amiss to say that this year 
was the most remarkable ever known in 
this land, being a time of heart searching 
perplexity throughout all America the 
most porgnant griefs and raging calami- 
ties seems to have raged in all parts, 
and in this neighborhood the aflliirs of 
a public nature wore the most disagree- 
able face. 

The enemies of our land and of our 
temporal happiness exerted tliemselves 
in a very singular manner in order to" 
create jealouses the most dangerous to 
societies and thereon to buikl the mon- 
strous fabric of discord designed for our 
distruction. The worthy inlial)itants of 
this town cannot after a moments re- 
flection but be sensible of the artful 
insinuation of the invererate enemies of 
the public afliiirs which so far succeeded 



12 



VERMONT HISTORICAL MAGAZINE. 



notwithstanding my faithfulness and 
unshaken fidelity both to the town and 
country and mankind at large as ren- 
dered it necessary that I should resign 
all public offices among which that of 
Town Clerk. I i-esigned to John Scott 
your Constable to Avhom you are refer- 
red for the remainder of the Town re- 
cords of the year A Dom 1775. Thus 
I conclude by subscribing myself the 
towns and all mankinds hearty and sin- 
cere friend. 

SoLoaiON Harvey 



worn by their owner with feelings of 
pride and satisfaction. Many a man 
more distinquished but less valient than 
Mr. John Hooker has in time of battle 
found safety in trusting to his soles, and 
that, too, in a manner not one half as 
honorable. 



Soon after the charter of FuUum was 
granted, John Kathan who had resided 
in the limits of the town since the year 
1752, united with a number of persons, 
purchased in conjunction with them, 
from the New Hampshire proprietors, a 
part of the township, and in the year 
1754, according to his own account 
removed there " with his wife and seven 
or eight helpless children." Possessing 
the qualities of industry and persever- 
ance — qualities especially necessary to 
the successful management of a new 
settlement, he addressed himself to his 
task and did ' ' actually clear and improve 
above 120 acres, and built a good dwell- 
ing-house, barn and all necessary offices, 
and also a saw-mill and potash works," 
and in order to guard his improvements 
was " at considerable expense in build- 
ing a fort aromid his house " and was 
under the disagreeable necessity of resid- 
ing therein during the course of a tedious 
and distressing war. 

Joseph Temple of this town tradition 
says was saved in Westminster fight by 
the pewter basin in his knapsack. 

Another brave man of the same town- 
hight, John Hooker escaped with the 
loss of the soles of his boots which were 
raked off by a chance shot from the 
enemy. But the discomfiture was only 
temporary ; the art of the shoemaker 
was potent to restore the wanting por- 
tions, and the boots were afterwards 



RECORD RESUMED BY MR. MANSFIELD. 

In accordance with the act of Congress, 
adopting the "non-importation, non- 
consumption, non- exportation associa- 
tion" on Oct. 20, 1774, the town held 
a meeting Nov. 28, 1774, and voted : 

"that the assessors assess the town 
in a Discretionary Sum of money Suf- 
ficient to procure 100 weight of gun pow- 
der, 200 weight of Lead & 300 flints 
for the town use which was proposed to 
be procured with potash salts." 

Josiah Boyden and Thomas Clark 
were chosen a committee to receive the 
salts and procure the articles above men- 
tioned In one of the articles of the "non- 
importation" &c act, was a recommen- 
dation that a committee should be chos- 
en "in every county, city and town, by 
those qualified to vote for representatives 
in the Legislature, whose business it 
should be attentively to observe the con- 
duct of all persons" in regard to meas- 
ures adopted by the association. The ad- 
vice conveyed in these words, though 
rejected by Westminster, was heeded by 
the patriotic people of Dummerston. 
The service implied was such as suited 
their temper. The subject was broached 
in town-meeting, Jan. 3, 1775, and sev- 
en persons with Dr. Harvey at their head 
were chosen a "Committee of inspec- 
tion to observe the "Conduct of the in- 
habitants agreeable to an order or rec- 
ommendation of the Right Honorable 
Continental Congress." Under authority 
of this Committee, two of the town as- 
sessors wei'e removed from their places, 
because they had refused to purchase the 
stock of ammunition which was to be 



DUMMER8T0X. 



13 



paid for in ••potash salts." From oue 
man they took a gun because they sus- 
pected it contained a ball more friendly 
to the King than to the Congress. 

By their decision, another man who 
had been prominent in tke history of the 
village was declared unfit for office, and 
was not permitted to act in a public sta- 
tion, imtil by his conduct he evinced the 
spirit of a patriot. Aft?r the beginning 
of the Revolution, committees like these 
were to be found in almost every town 
throughout the New Hampshire Grants, 
but the people of Dummerston seem to 
■have led the way in sustaining in Cimi- 
berland county ( noAv Windham and 
Windsor counties) the efforts of Con- 
gress to guar(\ against the manoeuvres 
of inimical persons. 



CAPT. JOHN KATHAN. 

to whom in the year 1753, the township 
of Fulhmi was granted, unitedly with 
a niuiiber of other persons, purchased 
from New Hampshire proprietors, re- 
moved therewith his family. He address- 
ed himself with energy to his task and 
cleared aiid improved 120 acres on 
which he built a good dwelling-house 
and "all necessary offices, also a saw- 
mill and potash works," and in order to 
guard his improvements ''was at consid- 
erable expense in building a fort round 
his house. 

The fii-st settler of Dummerston, as 
stated in the preceding recoi'ds by the 
town clerk, performed good labors in the 
jnidst of great hardships and trials. Mis- 
fortiuie rendered his toil more severe. 
His eldest daughter, Mrs. Moore was 
taken captive by tlie Indians and he did 
not know her fate until she was return- 
ed from her captivity. The settlement, 
although much disturbed by the war, was 
not allowed to die. and a few years after 
the restoration of order. John Katlian 



and his eighteen associates, with their 
families were rapidly subduing the for- 
ests of Fullum, aud accomplishing the 
conditions of their charter." 

In addition to the town rec(jrd ac- 
count, the history of Captain Katlian. 
thus far given is t'rom'HaWs: Historic of 
Eastern Vervionf. For further infor- 
mation relative to him and his family, 
we are indebted to relatives? of the Ka- 
tlian fiunily at the present time. Valu- 
able information has been obtained from 
two Bibles ; oue containing the family 
record of Alexander Katlian, the other 
that of his father's family. Alexander's 
family Bible is now the property of a 
relative in Bangor, Me. It was printed 
in 1775. The Bible with the record 
of Captain John Kathan wsis printed 
in l7ol,and is 148 years old. It is now 
the property of Charles C. Frost of 
Brattleboro. Both Bibles contain facts 
relative to the captivity of Mrs. Moore, 
a daughter, of Capt. John and sister of 
Alexander Kathan. 

Capt. John Kathan came from Eng- 
land in the year 1729, aud probaldy re- 
sided in Worcester, Mass. previous to his 
removal to Dummerston. He married a 
sister of Capt. Fairbank Moore. Their 
children were Alexander, b. Apr. 22, 
1729, during the passage of his parents 
to America ; Margaret, b. Oct. G, 1730 ; 
John, b. Jan. 7, 1732, died June 3, 1802. 
aged, 70 ; Mary, b Oct., 18, 1734, and 
married Col. John Sargeant, the first 
Anglo-Saxon child born in Vermont ;the 
event is recorded in the old Bible as 
follows : 

"tuesday ye Ki day of Dec. 17(iO. 
John Sargeant and Mary Kjtthan was 
married by Major Belles, (Bellows). 

She was the mother of Eli Sargeant, 
the elder, who died at West River, Apr. 
24. 1834, aged 73. Martha Kathan was 
born Mav 8. 173(;. and marrii-d ••July 
ye 22. ot'tuesday 1 7(;4 to Asa Holgait. 
"Bv Samuel Stevens Es<i." 



14 



VERMONT HISTORICAL MAGAZINU 



DANIEL KATHAN was borii Feb. 1 , 1 741 
and married, 

' ' tuesday May ye 6 day 1 764, to Ruth 
Beret (Barrett) By Mr. Gay of Hins- 
dell." 

Charles Kathan was born Mar. 26, 
1743. These are the seven children that 
Capt. John Kathan had when he remov- 
ed his family to Dummerston. They 
were not very "helpless" at that time, for 
the youngest was 9 years of age and the 
eldest 22 years. It is not certain that 
A lexander came here with the rest of 
the family. If he did, he must have re- 
turned to his home in Massachusetts, 
where he was married in 1755, and 
came back to this town in 1761. 

John Kathan was present with his 
father in 1765, for John Kathan and 
John Kathan Jun., with nine other per- 
sons signed a memorial that year. (MSS- 
in the office ofSect. State Mass. LXXV. 
547.) It was a complaint against Na- 
than Willard, in command of Fort 
Dummer. The record of Capt. Kathan's 
settlement in this town reads thus : 

"June 5, 1752, John Kathan with his 
family Cam to settle at Bemas' rock on 
Conicut river in ye Government of New 
hampshir eight miles from Fort Dum- 
mer." 

This rock, which is near Putney depot, 
was named for Joseph Bemas, probably, 
a rather noted individual in this region at 
that time, and from whom sprang nu- 
merous families by that name. 

The place is now called Kathan's 
ferry. The naming of rocks in the river 
appears for two objects : one as points 
for surveys of land, as deeds are in ex- 
istence making these rocks as bounda- 
ries : The 'other as stopping places in voy- 
ages on the river to different military 
posts. Capt. John Kathan died Nov. 23. 
1787, in the 81 st. year of his age. His 
wife, Martha (Moore) Kathan, died, 

"22 of September 1766, of a monday 
night." 



We read also, in the old Bible tliat on 

"tuesday february ye 10, 767, Capt, 
John Kathan and the Widow Mary 
Wright mairpd at Springfield By the 
Rev. Mr Lotrop (Lothrop)." 

" May 11, 1755, Margaret Kathan 
maired Benjamin Moors." 

Although the captivity of Mrs. Moore 
is an incident in the early history of 
Brattleboro, it is mentioned thus brief- 
ly for the purpose of adding in connec- 
tion what was recorded in the old Bi- 
bles of the Kathan family. 

"Monday March ye 6, 1758, Capt. 
Moors with his son Benjamin were kill- 
ed and Ben's Wife and two children were- 
taken captives by the Indians." 

After she had regained her liberty,, 
we read in the same record : 

"January 26, 1764, thewidew Mar- 
garet Moors was maired to Moses John- 
son by the reverent Mr. Gay of Hins- 
dell." 

This passage explains what Alexan- 
der Kathan wrote in his Bible about 
the captivity of "sister Johnson" by 
the Indians. In the old Bible printed ins 
1761, we find the earliest date of births, 
in Dummerston. 

"Mar. ye 5, 1761, thursday Mary 
Kathan or Mary Sargent wife of John 
Sargent ; her first child a son was born 
in fullom(Fidlum) and province of New 
Hampshire. His name was Eli Sargent. 
He died Apr. 24, 1834, aged 73 years." 

The second family that moved into 
Dummerston was that of 

ALEXANDER KATHAN, 

son of John Kathan who came to Ameri- 
ca in 1729. He was born Apr. 22, 1729, 
during the passage of his parents to this 
country. Margaret Baird, his wife, was 
born Aug. 21, 1732. They were mar- 
ried, Dec. 4, 1755, by Rev. Mr. Rob- 
erts of Leicester. Their children were 
Mary, b, Oct. 8, 1756, married Elihu 
Sargent, died Dec. 18, 1850 ; John, b. 



DUMMEESTOX. 



lo 



Oct. 12. 1758. died Apr. 10, 1833. aged 
7-1 ; Daniel, b, Oct,15. 1 760. married 
Olive Lamb, died Sept. 10, 1804, Olive 
liis wife died Jan. 23, 1803 ; Thomas, 
born in Dummerston Apr. 30, 1764, 
died July, 15, 1838 ; Elisabeth, born 
Dec. 25, 1767, died Jan. 13, 1828. 

" I, Alexander Kathau, arrived in 
Fulham May 1, 1761, with my family 
from Worcester. Nov. 16, 1762, moved 
into my log-house. Nov. 6, 1783, mov- 
ed into my new house west side the rojid. 

It was probably, not the first framed 
house built in town, as stated in anoth- 
er place. Alexander Kathan died Feb, 
14, 1825, aged 95 yrs. 6 mos ; Marga- 
ret, his first wife, died July 14, 1803. 

He married after her death, Dec. 21, 
1806, Mrs. Mary Hart Davenport, Avho 
died June 22, 1830, aged 98 yrs. 3 mos. 
Alexander's mother died Sept. 22, 1766. 

His father died Nov 23, 1787. His 
wife's father, Mr. Baird. died May 3, 
1782. John died June 3, 1892. His 
brother Charles resided in Putney where 
he built a house in the year 1768, "on 
the spot where Mrs. McLellan lives 
[1825] near Dr. Campbell's." As a mil- 
itary man, his rank was Lieut. Colonel. 
He died May 22, 1793, aged 50 years. 
His brother Lieut. Daniel Kathan died 
Oct. 17, 1807, aged 67 yrs. Daniel's 
wife, Ruth Barrett, died Aug 3, 1802, 
aged 57. Alexander's family Bible 
has the following information recorded : 

Mercy Baird died Mar. 22, 1802; 

Hosea Beckley, ordained minister in 
Dummerston Mar. 2, 1808 ; Court stop- 
ped at Westminster March 13, 1775; 

"Sister Johnson was taken by the In- 
dians, carried to Canada Mar. 6, 1758, 
and was redeemed by Gen. Schuyler in 
the fall. She died Oct. 18, 1779, up at 
tne lake." 

Also, we read in the same record that 
Alexander Kathan and wife joined the 
church in Dummerston, Mar. 11, 1787. 

Religious sentiments and counsel for 



his family are written on several pages 
of this old Bible and many texts of scrip- 
ture from which he had heard sermons 
preached by Rev. Aaron Crosby. 

The first three settlers located, not on 
the high lands, as many have done in 
early settlements, but on the forest plains 
near the Connecticut. Capt. John Kath- 
an, Alexander Kathan and Daniel Kath - 
an built their log-houses near to the three 
principal brooks that flow into the Con- 
necticut river in thp east part of the town. 

Capt. John Kathan settled near the 
brook north of Putney depot on land 
then a part of Dummerston ; Alexander, 
near Canoe brook, and Daniel not far 
from Salmon brook. These families 
came from Worcester, Mass. Alexander 
kept a memorandum in almanacs for 
each year, of principal events in his 
farming business and other matters wor- 
thy of tiote. Th3se almanacs were kept 
in file by stringing them on a leathern 
thong, and are noAv in possession of his 
descendants ; some forty in number are 
in possession of a family in this town. 

The eai'liest of these almanacs is for 
the year 1764, and the numbers are 
complete down to the year 1817, except 
1795, and 1814. The oldest ones are 
the almanacs published by Nathaniel 
Low. Most of the file from 1781. are 
the almanacs of Isaiah Thomas. Mr. 
Kathan was in the habit of noting on the 
margin of these almanacs important 
events relating to his business 4ind other 
affairs. Here are a few items in reference 
to the making of sugar : 

"March 19, 1764, tapped trees, made 
21 lbs. of molasses". 

"February 1765, tapped trees, and 
sugared off 18 pounds on the 26th." 

"Apr. 6, 1778, made off, 10 11)S. of 
sugar ; that's the first tliis season," 

Here we find the date when the fir.st 
meeting-house in town was raised. 

"November lOtli 1773. raised the 
meeting house." 



16 



VERMONT HISTOEICAL M.IGAZINE. 



"MayI9th, 1778, remarkable dark 
day. 

"April 5tli 1781, a man and a horse 
crossed the river on the ice." 

"The 2d Sabbath in the same month 
snow was knee deep in the fiekl and solid 

"1785, snow 1st. day of April, 

34 inches deep on a level." 

"19 th, old snow knee deep, new snow. 

"May 'iGth, put in seine and catch no 
shad." 

"May 30, catch shad." 

"March 31st. '1786, no snow." 

"2d tlay of April, tennble storm of 
wind, and snow fell knee deep." 

"17th. began to plow." 

"March 29th. 1787, burnt out the 
bass-wood stub and scart out two flying 
squirrels." 

"May 10th. 1788, the mountains cov- 
ered with snow." 

"Aug. 19th. a hurricane." 

"March, 1803, what a sight of pige- 
ons did fly all the 13th." 

"June 6th. 1804, set tobacco." 

"Aug. 29th. cut up tobacco." 

"Mrs. Kathan sea a robin on the 9th 
of February. Robins here seen til the 
17th." 

"March 5th. sea two robins." 

"July I2th. had string beans." 

" the 22d, had new tatos." 

"February 1811, killed 110 rats in 
the corn house in one day". 

Alexander cleared a piece of plain land 
thickly overgrown with old pines, on 
which he planted corn, at one time, but 
the tall over-shadowing pines prevented 
his securing anything but a harvest of 
fodder. The first apple trees grown in 
town, he brought from Worcester, three 
in number, and set out on his farm. 
The kind of apples which these trees 
bore was called "cotton wool." The last 
one of the old trees stood till the year 
1869, on land just north of the barn on 
"the old Kathan place." Mr. Kathan 
went to Deerfield Mass. during the first 
years of his settlement, to get his corn 
ground. The first record of a grist-mill 
in Dummerston was Nov. 23 , 1772, at 
which time the settlers voted ' ' that the 



rood be accepted from the meeting-house- 
(lot) by the corner of Hosea Miller's^ 
lot, so on the, south line of said Miller's, 
ot to the Salmon brook, over the brooks 
down on the north side of said brook, 
to the Corn Mill thence to John Kilbu- 
ry's thence to the great rood on the 
south side of Daniel Kathan's barn." 
On one occasion when Alexander 
Kathan was returning from Worcester 
or Deerfield, guided on his way by 
marked trees, a dark object appeared in; 
his path not far in front of him. It was 
evening and near his home. Not being- 
able, on account of the darkness to rec- 
ognize what it was that obstructed his 
pathway, and not daring: to risk too 
much by a nearer approach, he fired 
his gun and the dark object glided away 
into the forest. In the morning he re- 
turned in company with others to the 
scene of his adventure, and finding 
traces of blood followed the trail to a 
swamp, now south of the old burying 

ground near Bennett's, they 

discovered a dead bear. Bears wer '. 
plenty in this town in those days, and 
frequently the tjJmily were kept awake* 
during the night time by the howling of 
wolves near the sheep-pens where they 
were often seen standing on their hind 
feet with their paws resting against the 
pen, and barking furiously. Some idea 
of the dense growth of the forest trees 
and under-brush in those times may be 
had from the fact that one of Mr. Kath- 
an's little children was lost for a short 
time in the woods only a few rods from 
the house, having been sent out by their 
mother to call their father to dinner. 
The first house he lived in was built 
of round logs, the second one, of hewn 
logs. The third building was framed, 
and may have been the first framed house 
built in town. The old house was remod- 
eled many years ago and the carpen- 
ter who helped do the work says, that 



DUMMERSTON. 



the old roof was taken off, another sto- 
ry added, and what is now quite a good 
looking, two-story, white house was 
once the habitation of the second family 
that settled in Dummerston. By good 
fortune this building escaped destruction 
in Aug. 1843. A violent whirlwind or 
hurricane that prostrated several acres? 
of forest trees on the hills west of the 
buildings, .swept down across the plain, 
leveling the trees in its path, makiiig a 
direct route towards the house around 
which it made a sudden turn in serpen- 
tine course, shaking up the stately old 
elms furiously, and spending its force 
not far to the eastward. The oldest sug- 
ar lot in town stands on this farm. Only 
thirty-one of the old monarchs of the for- 
est are now standing, the largest of 
which measures 17 1-2 feet in circum- 
ference. 

A grand-son of Alexander Kathan 
cut down in 1858, or 1859, one of the 
large trees in this old lot, and while 
working it up, the number of rings 
made by the annual growth from the 
place where the deepest incision was 
made in "boxing" the trees, were count- 
ed and found to be nearly one hundred. 

In boxing the trees for sap to run. a 
place or groove was cut with an axe, in- 
stead of boring with a bit, as the cus- 
tom is at the present day. AVith the aid 
of an iron gouge a place was made to 
receive the wooden spout. The sap was 
caught in bass-wood troughs. A section 
of Avood from one of these old trees has 
been preserved. It shows the marks of 
three instances of boxing in perpendic- 
ular line, the central scar being in the 
form of the letter Y. 

A great grandson of Alexander Kath- 
an named Horace, 10 years old, was 
scalded with hot sugar so that he died, 
9 days after the accident. Mar. 8, 1833. 

He was helping his father take off a 
kettle of hot sugar. The leg of the ket- 



tle caught on the side of the arch, and 
tipped the contents upon the boy. His 
father caught him up and dipped him 
into a tub of cold sap which reliev ed him 
of agony a short time, but was not ef- 
fectual in saving his life. 

An incident relating to John Kalhaii 
Jun. is given in Hall's History. In 1 779, 
he refused to serve in the Vermont mil- 
itia. June 17, of that year, John Kath- 
an and Benjamin Jones Jr. both of Dum- 
merston, were informed by an officer 
that they were required to do military 
duty. On their refusal to comply, being 
subjects of New York, the officer took 
a cow from each and sold one of them 
at auction, and retained the other for tlie 
use of the state." Ezra Robinson and 
Ephraim Rice, also, of this town had 
cattle sold in the same manner because 
they refused to pay or serve in the militia. 
Children of : 

Lieut. Danikl and Ruth Kathan 
ihe order of names being uncertain — 
Susanna, m. Freedom Bigelow of Ches- 
terfield, N. H., Dec. 14, 1788 ; 
Eunice, m. Israel Bigelow, June 11. 
1792; 
Rufus m, Nabby Stoaie, Nov. 8. 1795 : 

Phebe, m. 1st. William Wilier, Jan. 
3, 1800, 2d. Josiah Dodge; 
Daniel Jr. m. Fanny Haven, Oct. 23. 
1800; 

Lydia m. Benjamin Frost. Oct. 25. 
1801 ; 

Dolly m. Jacob Frost. 

Lieut. Kathan died Oct. 17. 1H07. 
JE 67 ; Ruth, his wife died Aug. 3, 
1802, JE 57. 

It is said that Mrs. Kathan was, in 
some way related to widow Rebecca 
Barrett, who died May 15, 1809, aged 
79, and who was the "■Parent of Lieut. 
Elijah Brown." 

One Daniel Kathan married Sybil 
McFarland, Oct. 18, 1803, 



18 



VERMONT HISTORICAL MAGAZINE. 



Silas Butler, who married Sally Mc- 
Farland, Jan. 25, 1816, is said to have 
owned the old tannery property, located 
south of Lt. Kathan's residence. The 
old building and well-sweep were stand- 
ing in 1832, perhaps later than that date. 

A portion of the old tannery -building 
was occupied for a dwelling. The old 
millstone, used in the bark mill, that lay 
imbedded in the earth many years, was 
recently removed, and now forms apart 
of the covering on a large water-course 
built 3 years ago on the Haven place. 

FAMILY GENEOLOGY. 

Daniel Kathan (2d.), son of Alexan- 
der, Esq. b. Oct. 15, 1790, m. Olive 
Lamb, who died Jan. 25, 1803. He died 
Sept. 10, 1804. 
Children of Daniel and Olive Kathan : 
Thomas, b. Nov. 25, 1788, m. 1st. 
Anna Burnham, May 22, 1803, 2d. 
Abigail Haven, Sept. 17, 1829 ; 
Lucy, b. May 9, 1790 ; Caty, b. Dec. 
22, 1791 ; 

Anna, b. Feb. 7, 1795, m. Alpheus 
Pratt, of Brattleboro, May 21st. 1812, 
Emery, b. May 23, 1797; 
Wyman Lamb, b. Dec. 9, 1798, m. 
Laura Burnham, July 31st. 1825; 
Orison, b. July- 31, 1801. 
The children of Wyman and Laura 
Kathan were Amandarin, b. Oct. 9, 
1825 ; Marinda, b. Oct. 5, 1827 ; 
Eliza, b. Feb. 13, 1831 ; 
Wyman L. Kathan died Feb. 25, 1832, 
and his widow married Job Knight, 
June 7, 1834. They had two children, 
Caroline and Herbert Knight. Their 
mother died Oct. 17, 1842. 

Gardner Kathan, Sen. was a son of 
Colonel Charles and brother of Prentice 
Kathan, whose name appears on the tax 
list for 1802. On the same list is the 
name of David Kathan. Gardner, Sen. 
married Betsey Townshend, of Putney. 
He is said to have been twice married 
He died Feb. 11, 1813, JE 46. His chil- 



dren were : 

Lydia, who m. Charles Davenport^ 
Jr., Sept. 6, 1812: Richard; 

Robert, b. 1790, d. Apr. 8, 1819, JE 
29; 

Gardner, b. Aug. 11, 1*794, m. Apr 
10, 1821 ; 

Jerusha, daughter of Charles and Lydia 
(Scott) Kathan, b. Dec. 29, 1800 ; 

Betsey, born 1796, m. Abel Knight 
Oct. 17, 1817, d. Mar. 4, 1872, ; 

Orrin, b. 1802, m. Adaliae Kiithan. 
The children of Gardner and Jerusha 
Kathan were : 

Gardner S.,b. Dec. 4, 1821 ; Henry, 
b. Jan. 7, 1823 ; Eliza, b. May 6, 1825 ; 
Norman, b. Jan, 25, 1827; Dorr W., 
b. July 8, 1829 ; John A., b. Jidy 19, 
1832 ; Frances, b. Nov. 15, 1833 ; Helen 
b. Dec. 22, 1837, Riley H.,b. June 15, 
1839. The father of these children died 
June 28, 1858. 

One Charles Kathan married Sabra 
McFarland, Mar. 29, 1811. 

John, eldest son of Alexander, Esq. 
was born Oct. 12, 1758, m. 1st. Polly 
Perry, sister of Bethany, wife of Jesse 
Knight, 2d. Rebecca, dau. of John Sev- 
ery of Worcester, Mass. His first wife, 
Polly, died Mar. 8, 1791, JE 23 ; Rebec- 
ca, the second wife, died Dec. 25, 1837, 
M 79. By the first marriage he had one 
child, John, born Nov. 6, 1790 ; by the 
second, Polly, b. 1794, or '95, who m. 
Squire Spaidding, July 3, 1811. 

John Kathan m. Rhoda, daughter of 
Roswell Burnham, of Westmoreland, 
N. H., Nov. 14, 1817. She was bora 
Dec. 3, 1800, died Jan. 3, 1860, He d. 
Oct. 19, 1859. Their children were : 

Louisa, b. Feb. 5, 1819, m. Wilder 
Knight, July 2, 1839. 

Horace, b. Nov. 9, 1821, d. Mar. 12, 
1831. 

Aurelia S., b. Feb. 28, 1823, m. 
William A. Dutton, Sept. 10, 1850. 
Adeline E., b. June 14, 1825, married 



DUMMERSTON. 



19 



Orrin Katlian, Sept. 14, 1850, d. July 
19, 1863. 

Branny M-, b. Feb. 18, 1820,m.Adin 
A. Button, Jan. 1, 1850; Ellen, born 
Feb. 26, 1831, m. Larkin G. Cole of 
Westmoreland, N. H,, Apr. 15, 1858; 

John H., b. Mar. 23, 1833, married 
Fanny M. NtAvnian. ol Brattleboro, d. 
Dec. 7, 1883 ; George F. Katliau, born 
Nov. 18, 1835, married Eliza Ware, of 
Westmoreland, N. H., May 1860 ; 

KingsleyS.. b. July 2, 1838, d. Dee. 
27, 1864 ; 

Henry H., b. Aug. 18, 1840, m. Belle 
Belknapp. May 6, 1803, died Aug. 24, 
1873. 

Elizabeth, youngest ehild of Alexan- 
der Katlian. was b. Dec. 25, 1767, m. 
Joseph Wilson, Jan. 7, 1790, 

The earliest record of any death in 
town is that of Capt. John Kathan's 
wife, Martha, who died Sept. 22. 1700, 
JE about 00. 

First Burials, 

The first burials in town were made 
in the old grave-yard, formerly in Dum- 
merston, now in Putney, about 40 rods 
northwest from the railroad station. In 
1873, seventeen ell gravestones were 
left standing in the yard, and at the 
present time only nine remain. The rest 
have been In-oken down and trampled 
in pieces by cattle. The grave of Capt. 
John Kathan, the first settler in Dum- 
merston. is, therefore, left unmarked. 
Quite a number of the first settlers 
must have been buried in that yard ; for 
in making the excavation for a cellar 
on its site a few years ago, seven bodies 
or skeletons w^ere found, and the owner 
of the land states that his horses some- 
times step into soft places where graves 
were dug. 

Thus ends the record of the births, 

marriao^es and deaths in the first three 

. I 

femilies in town, | 



The following inscription was taken 
from one of the old grave-stones left 
standing in that cemetery of ohlcn time. 
*■'/« memory 
Colonel Charles Katlian In- 
Died May 22 1793 m 
Tlie 51st year of his aye 
Time icas 1 stood ivhere thou doesl tioir. 
And vewed the dead as thou dost me 
Ere hnff thouJf lie as lou: as I 
And others stand and look on thei" 

From the first settlem at in 1752, 
down to the present time, f^.milies by 
the name of Kathan have been residents 
of this town. The last person, ])ut one. 
who died here in the year 1883, was 
John Kathan, whose death occurred 
Dec. 7th. He was born in Dummerston, 
Mar. 23, 1833, and was great-great 
grandson of the first setth-r. 

margaret( kathan) moouk, 
the eldest daughter of Capt. John and 
Martha Moore Kathan, was born, Oct. 
6, 1730, probably in Wore ster, INIass. 
She was married to Benjamin Moore, 
son of Capt. Fairbank Moore, May 11. 
I 1755, and in less than three years after 
, was taken prisoner by the Indians who 
, broke into the house of Capt, Moore, 
her father-in-law. with whom she and 
her husband resided, at midnight Mar, 0, 
1758, and killed her husband and the 
Captain, his father. She, startled from 
sleep by the terrible war-whoop of the 
savages, sprang from her bed and while 
the -fierce attack was going on below, 
hurridly dressing herself and her chil- 
dren escaped from the house. It was 
in the middle of the night, dark and 
cold. Not knowing what she did in her 
fright she had pulled on in dressing two 
pair of long woolen stockings that prov- 
ed of good service now and it probably 
saved her life. She took a sled-road for 
the woods, that her husband had broke 
the day before to draw wood. With her 



m 



vp:rmont historical magazcve. 



two children, the youngest a babe of 
bBt three weeks old, she was soon over- 
taken by 'the Indians, who as soon as 
it was light discovered her footsteps in 
the snow. They took both of her chil- 
dren from her at first but soon return- 
ed her babe to her which they allowed 
her to carry ; and they led or carried 
the oldest child that was but little over 
two years old. During the night the In- 
dians finding in the house some beans 
and tallow, cooked the beans in about 
20 pounds of tallow and put them up 
in bags for provision on the way ; upon 
this they subsisted, traveling on foot to 
Fort Ticonderoga, which they reached 
on the tenth day from their departure ; 
having crossed the Green Mountains in 
the most iuclement season of the year ; 
and from Ticonderoga they were taken 
by boat to Montreal in Canada, where 
Mrs. Moore and her children remained 
in captivity for two and a half years ; 
her father's family in Dummerston, not 
knowing her fate till she was returned 
to them ; — Col. Peter Schuyler having 
"paid a ransom of four hundred livres 
($74) for her redemption from cap- 
tivity." 

She came back to her friends in 1762, 
and was married to Moses Johnson, 
Jan. 26, 1764, d, "up the ,Lakc", 1779. 

In her after life, it is said, she never 
reverted to her captivity unless first it 
was mentioned to her. The reason she 
gave for it Avas, during that time, she 
suffered so much that it was painful to 
remember it. 

At the time of the massacre, Capt. 
Fairbank Moore and his son lived up- 
on the farm comprising the meadows 
now owned by the Insane Asylum pro- 
prietors, just north of that institution. 
They were killed in a skirmish, and al- 
so several Indians whose bones, have 
been exhumed from time to time bv 



plowing and digging on these premises ; 
supposed to hjtve been their remains. 

After the d^ath of Capt. Moore, the 
above farm was purchased by Major 
John Arms. After his death which 
was by the kick of a horse, his son,. 
Josiah kept the inn on the place, which 
was a favorite stopping place for Ethan 
Allen and the Bradleys in their day. 
Major John wtts the father of Captain 
John Arms whose children were Josiah,, 
John, Alfred, (Doctor) Willard, and 
William Arms of Dummerston, We 
are indebted to the Vermont Phoenix^ 
1876 for some of these particulars last 
mentioned. Mr. Hall says that Hoyt, 
the author of Hoyt's Indian Wars, no- 
tices this transaction as having occurr- 
ed in the month of September ; another 
account says February, Hoyt locates 
Ml'. Moore's residence in Hinsdale, an- 
other account: near Fort Dummer. The 
relation given in the text is, however, 
believed to be correct. The farm on 
which Mr. Moore lived, is now occu- 
pied by Newman Allen Esq. To an ac- 
count of this transaction, which appear- 
ed in the columns of the "Vermont 
Phtt^nix" in the year 1849, is appended 
the following note ; 

"Mr. Moore and his son alluded to 
above as having fallen victims to the 
Indians, are supposed to have been bur- 
ied near the side of their log-house which 
was burnt. On Monday last, bones be- 
lieved to have been theirs were found in 
Mr. Allen's barn-yard, (covered with 
about one foot of earth and a board 
over them, bnt apparently no coffin or 
box around them. One of the skulls con- 
tained an ounce bullet, which was un- 
doubtedly the cause of death." 

[The apology made once or twice in these Ka-. 
than family papers, as ^iu the John Sargeant 

papers' following ; for introducing m atters 

of history that occured on ground in Brattle- 
horo, is handsome in the author, hut scarcely 
needed ; not only, as Brattlehoro papers sent 
for publication in this work do not include 



DUMMERSTON. 



21 



this new and interesting information, but also 
as Mrs. Benjamin Moore and Mrs. Jolni Sar- 
Seant belong certainly to the Kathan family, 
the two oldest daughters of old Capt. John Ka- 
than. Margaret Kathan and Mary Kathan, both 
having been raised and having lived here un- 
til their marriage, and Mary, probably having 
been born here; and as the eldest daughters of 
the tirst settler, the first young women who 
lived in the town, conld not well be spared 
from the Dumnierston record of "ye olden 
time." Ed.] 

JOHN sargp:ant 

was the first Anglo Saxon child born in 
Vermont. We write about this family 
because John Sargeant married Mary 
Kathan of Dumnierston, daughter of 
Capt John Kathan. Their first child 
was born in this town Mar. 5, 1761. 
His brother Rufus was a resident of the 
town and bought his land of the propri- 
etary in 1770. It is recorded in history, 
that Thomas Sargeant, a brother of Ru- 
fus, was a resident of Fullum. One 
Thomas Sargeant of Brattleboro bought 
a farm in Dumnierston in 1793. 

The earliest account we have of the 
family begins with Digory Sargeant who 
was born in Sudbury, Mass. The first 
name is spelled Dickery in Barber's His- 
torical Collections of Massachusetts. He 
was one of the early settlers of Worces- 
ter, and in company with John Wing, 
George Danson, Peter Goulding and 
Jacob Leonard began a settlement there 
in 1685. The town had been previously 
settled by a few families in 1665, when 
six or seven houses were built, but soon 
deserted on account of Indian hostilities 
in connection with King Philip's war 
which raged at that time. From the time 
of the second settlement in 1685, when 
the whites returned with Mr. Sargeant 
and others, the settlers prospered well 
till 1701, when the Indians resumed hos- 
tilities on the frontier towns, and Wor- 
cester was again depopulated. All the 



settlers fled excejjt Mr. Sargeant and his 
family. He determined to remain and 
brave the dangers of tlie Indian foe. He 
was not molested till 1703, or '04. The 
following particulars of his death are 
preserved. When the Indians surround- 
ed his house, Sargeant, seized his gun 
to defend himself. As he was retreating 
to the staircase, he was shot down by 
the savages. Upon this, they rushed in- 
to the house and completed the work of 
death with their tomahawks and tore 
oflf his scalp. They seized his wife and 
five children and began a rapid retreat 
westward. Mrs. Sargeant overcome with 
grief and fatigue impeded their progress. 
As they were ascending the Tataesset 
or Tatnick hills, a chief stepped out of 
the file, and while pretending to be look- 
ing for game, came up behind Mrs. Sar- 
geant in an unsuspecting moment and 
deprived his sinking captive of life at a 
single blow . The children were taken to 
Canada, where they remained a long 
time before they were redeemed by their 
friends. It appears from one record that 
Mr. Sargeant was twice married. His 
second wife was sister of George Par- 
menter of Sudbury. Martha was the eld- 
est of his five children. She was born 
before 1699, and married Daniel Shat- 
tuck of Worcester, Apr. 16, 1719. She 
died in 1722. The other children were : 
John, Daniel, Thomas and Mary. Dan- 
iel and Mary never returned from cap- 
tivity, but remained with their captors 
and adopted the habits and manners of 
the Indians. Thomas resided in Boston 
in 1 715. John, his brother, had an event- 
ful life. After his return from captivity, 
he entered the service of the province. 
During the old French and Indian war, 
he was a soldier at Fort Dummer. He 
was a lieutenant, and both his name and 
that of his son, Daniel appear on Capt. 
Josiali Willard's company roll, dated 



22 



VERMONT HISTORICAL MAGAZINE. 



Feb. 12, 1748. Lieut. John Sargeant, 
his son, Daniel, Moses Cooper, Joshua 
Wells and one other soldier started Mar. 
29, 1748, from Fort Dummer down the 
scout path to Coh'ain, tor oars and pad- 
dles. When a little more than a mile 
from the fort, they were fired upon by 
an ambush of 12 or 15 Indians. Moses 
Cooper was mortally wounded at the 
first fire, but managed with the help of 
a comrade to reach the fort. Lieut. Sar- 
geant with the others retreated slowly, 
firing as they went. The woods were 
thick and the savages well covered. 
Wells was soon killed. The Lieutenant 
encouraged his son with the assurance 
that help would be sent from the fort ; 
dared the skulking enemy to come out 
and fight like men, and firing as often 
as an Indian showed himself. When 
near the fort, Lieut. Sargeant was killed 
and his son was taken captive. The 
-next day a company of seven men from 
Northfield under Capt. Ebenezer Alex- 
ander went up to fort Dummer, and 
found and buried the Lieutenant and his 
comrade. His grave was probably in 
sight of the fort. In a petition to the 
General Court, dated Nov. 29, 1738, 
asking for a grant of land, he says : 

"About the beginning of Queen Anne's 
war yr Petitioner's father [Digory Sar- 
geant] then [1704] living in Worces- 
ter, had the misfortune with your peti- 
tioner's mother and one brother to be 
killed by the Indian enemy : At which 
time yr petitioner with 5 brothers, and 
sisters were taken into captivity where 
yr petitioner remained 12 or 13 years. 
When Inclined to go home met with 
great oppossition as well from the pa- 
pists as Indians : yet he came home 
and was at the sole cost of his redemp- 
tion : That upon his arrival into his na- 
tive country, he was put into, the ser- 
vice under Capt. Kellogg, [and after 
under Capt. Willard] and so remains 
to this time : That he has been three 
times to Canada in the service of the 



Province since his redemption, and 
when the Truck-house [one of the 
small houses in the stockade] was burnt 
in 1737, he .lost gi-eatly." 

A grant of 200 acres of land above 
Northfield was made to him by the leg- 
islature. The land appears to have been 
laid out at the lower end of Fort Dum- 
mer meadow. He built a house on this 
grant where he and his family lived at 
the time of his death. His age was about 
54 years. In 1763, his widow, Abigail 
Sargeant and the other heirs sold the 
estate to Capt. Samuel Hunt of North- 
field. It is described in the deed as ''IGl 
acres with buildings thereon, which 
was a grant to the proprietors of Lunen- 
burg in 1731." 

The wife of Lieut. Sargeant was Abi- 
gail Jones of Springfield, Mass. They 
were married July 4, 1727. Their chil- 
dren were : 

Daniel, b. Mar. 25, 1728, m. Dinah 
Jones of Springfield, Mass., July 20, 
1751; 

Abigail, b. Jan. 1730 ; 

John, b. 1732, at Fort Dummer ; the 
first English child born in Vermont, 
m. "tuesday ye 16 day of Dec. 1760, 
Mary Kathan, by Major Belles (Bel- 
lows)" died July 30, 1798 ; 

Thomas, b. about 1734 ; lived at Fort 
Dummer, and Fullum ; married, May 
17, 1757, Anna, dau. of Joseph Steb- 
bins, of Northfield, Mass. 

Mary, born 1742 ; 

Rufus, b. 1740 ; married about 1774, 
Susanna ; died Nov. 23, 1826. 

The children of Col. John Sargeant 
were : 

Eli, born Mar. 5, 1761, "in Fullum" 
[Dummerston] . 

Levi, m, Lydia Daily ; 

Lucy, wife of Isaac Bigelow ; 

Abigail, wife of Robert Wells, and 
Mary, alias Polly. 



DUMMERSTON. 



23 



The chiklreu of" Thomas Sargwint 
and Anna Ht-ibbins, hi^ wife were : 
Elisha, bapt. Feb. 11, 1758; 
Anna, bapt. Apr. 28, 1760. 
The children of Rufus Sargeant and 
his wife, Susanna, were John ; Sally ; 
Rufus and Susanna. A daughter of Ru- 
fus Sa^g'.^ant Jr. married James H. Sar- 
geant of Brattleboro, who now lives on 
the site of the house built by Col. John. 
Col. Sargeant was captain of a com- 
pa.iy in the Lower Regiment "■of Vt. 
in 1776, and was commii-sioned Lt. Col. 
of the Southern Regiment, Aug. 18, 
1778." 

His father had a brother James, and 
they together as tradition says, purchas- 
ed all the land in Brattleboro, lying be- 
tween West and Connecticut rivers or 
what is now in that town, called West 
River. On account of the Indians, it 
was not deemed prudent to build and 
occupy, so they with their families took 
refuge in Fort Dummer, Avhich was on 
the site of the present residence of Si- 
mon Brooks. 

This brother .Ji-nies wa^ the father of 
one Thomas Sargeant, who was the fa- 
her of Elihu, Calvin, Thomas, Lu- 
ther, etc. The two former living and 
dying at West River. Elihu was born 
May 3, 1758, and died, Dec. 1, 1833. 
A writer of "historical notes" in the 
Vermont Phoenix Mar. 31, 1876, says 
that Col. John Sargeant built about 
1762, a large, two-story, gambrel-roof 
house on the site of the present residence 
of James H. Sargeant, which became 
a noted rendezvous for the neighbor- 
hood, and also for entertainment for 
travellers and officers of military posts 
up and down the river. They were 
greatly annoyed by the Indians, and the 
inhabitants had many dangers and hair- 
breadth escapes to relate. 

At the time the Colonel's house was 



building, his wife was living with her 
father, John Kathan, in Duuimerston, 
where her first child, Eli was born. Eli 
and his brother, Levi, lived to an ad- 
vanced age, anil died on farms compris- 
ed in the foregoing purchase. Mary, a 
maiden sister, lived and died on the old 
houiestead. Col. Sargeant was a distant 
relative of Mrs. Jemima Howe, after- 
wards Mrs. Tute, who was captured 
June 27, 1755, by the Indians at Fort 
Bridgnian on N'ernon meadow, a short 
distance below Fort Dummer. It appears 
in the record that Mr. Sargeant was 
married by Major Bellows, who was 
doubtless. Col. Benjamin Bellows of 
Walpole, N. H. His sister, J uda, mar- 
ried Capt. Fairbank Moore, killed by 
the Indians in Brattleboro Mar. 6, 1758. 
She Wits born in 1708, and her brother, 
Col. Bellows, in 1715. Capt. Moore 
had two children, Fairbank and Ben- 
jamin. Fairbank married Esther Kath- 
an, who was admitted to the church in 
NorthHeld, Mass. Nov. 28, 1756. He 
lived with his family in Putney, 1768, 
on what was known in 1825, as the 
Timothy Underwood place. It is record- 
ed that a family by the name of Fair- 
bank Moore lived in Walpole, N. H., 
in 1759. Benjamin Moore married Mar- 
garet Kathan, sister of Mary, the wile 
Col. Sargeant, whose marriage was 
performed by Major Bellows. The state- 
ment is made in Northfield history by 
Sheldon and Temple, that Esther, wife 
of Fairbank Moore Jr., was a daughter 
of Capt. John Kathan, but her name 
is not given in the family record in the 
old Sargeant Bible. The three sisters, 
as there recorded, are Margaret, born 
1730, Mary, born 1734, and Martha, 
wife of Asa Holgait, born 1736. Their 
mother was sister of Capt. Fairbank 
Moore. Colonel Sargeant died at West 
River in Brattleboro, and was buried 



24 



VERMONT HISTORICAL MAGAZINE. 



in the cemetery near his home. On the 
stone at the head of his grave, it reads 
thus : 

'•'■Sacred to the memory of 
Col. John Sargeant 
who departed this life July 30 , 1798, 
in the 66th year of his age 
Who now lies in the same town in lohich 
he was born, and teas the first ichite man 
horn in the state of Vermofd." 

His eldest chikl, Eli, the first child 
born in Dummerston, died at West Riv- 
er in Brattleboro, Apr. 24, 1834, ^ 73. 

His wife was Mary, eldest child of 
Alexander Kathan. 

LIEUT. LP:0NARD SPAULDING, 

who was the first representative to the 
Vermont Legislature, chosen from this 
town, was a resident of Dummerston, 
Nov. 23, 1772, when with two other per- 
sons he was chosen to draw a plan of the 
first meeting-house built in this town. 
From an old account-book it appears he 
was in Westmoreland N. H., at work on 
a farm in May 1772, which he bought 
of Abner Howe. He was a resident of 
Putney in the summer of 1 771 . where he 
had lived six years and perhaps, longer. 
In his old account-book, minus 19 pages, 
he charged under date March 1779 : 

"Mikel Law to a quart of rum and 
mug of flip " 

Lt. Spaulding settled in Putney soon af- 
ter the close of the French and Indian 
war, dui-ing which he served as soldier. 
He made a clearing on the plain east of 
Putney village, now known as the Dea. 
Jones farm. When cutting the timber 
he left the trunk of the largest tree high- 
er than the rest and with his axe level- 
ed and smoothed the top as much as he 
could. The log-house was so built that 
the stump was in the centre of the room 
and served for a table till he could get 
time to make one, after removing his 



family from Westford, where they liv- 
ed during his absence, in the French 
and Indian war. The ground answered 
for a floor to his cabin. A rustic bed, 
made of stakes and poles, overspread with 
hemlock boughs, served for a couch on 
which to sleep until his goods should ar- 
rive. When the new home was ready 
for the reception of his family, the Lieu- 
tenant returned to Connecticut and re- 
moved in the early spring to Vermont. 
He and one child, his wife and anoth- 
er rode on horseback. Thomas Love 
his wife's brother, with three more of 
the children followed, driving the ox 
team and cart, loaded with a small a- 
mount of furniture and clothing. 
According to the age of the fifth child, 
it would be in the spring of 1764, that 
his family came to Putney. The charges 
in the old account-book show that the 
Lieutenant was not only a farmer, but 
also a carpenter and trader to some ex- 
tent. He bought and sold mauy articles 
usually kept in a country store. 

Numerous charges are made against 
customers for rum, flip and occasionaly 
a "pot of syder." From 1766 to 1771, 
the following names of persons living in 
Putney are found on the book : Mikel 
Law, Samuel Allen, Jacob Thomson, 
Ichabod Gary, Andrew Mc Adam, 
Nehemiah Howe, Jethro Brown, 
Samuel Skinner, Josaua Parker, Lt. 
Edward Howe, William Winan, Mr. 
Hale, Benjamin Hutchins, R. Robens, 
Mr. Hartwell, Samuel Morse, Abraham 
Carly, Aaron Alexander, Lt. Benjamin 
Whitcomb, John Cole, Elijah Temple, 
John Scott, Leon'd Keep, Mr. Sawyer, 
Capt. Aaron Brown, Aaron Gary, 
Jona. Moore, Daniel Pearce, Daniel 
Whipple, Judge Lord. 
Spadlding's house was burned, probably 
in the fall of 1771. He did not rebuild, 
but bought a farm in Westmoreland N. 
H. where he remained less than a year, 



DUMMER8T0N. 



2'» 



and removed to Dummerston. bought a 
ferm ; built a log-house and some year>i 
after a framed dwelling now standing. 
The place is now owned and occupied 
by George Warwick. 

Lt. Spaulding was the first man here, 
no start with his gun tor the fight at 
AVestminster, Mar. 13, 177'). He was 
knocked down and wounded in that skir- 
mish. He immediately joined the army 
and continued in the service much of the 
time during the Revolutionary war. His 
wife and sons, Reuben and Leonard jr. 
managed the farm during his absence, 
yet he came home quite often on fur- 
lough He was in the battk; of Ben- 
nington [1777]. The day it was fought, 
his wife, who was in the garden gath- 
<ering vegetables for dinner, heard dis- 
tinctly the sound ofthe roaring cannon, 
nearly forty miles away. Others in her 
neighborhood heard the same noise and 
called it distant thunder ; and no one 
thought differently until the news ofthe 
battle came. 

Mrs. Spaulding was afraid of wild an- 
imals, and one night when her husband 
was absent .from home, a bear came 
and tried to drive away the hog, which 
naturally refused to go. The squealing 
of the hog awakened the family ; and 
the boys with the aid of a dog and burn- 
ing torches, drove the bear away and 
resc'ied the future meat of the family. 

It is related of Mrs. Spaulding that 
she went on horseback, alone, every two 
years to visit her aged mother in Prov- 
idence, R.I. as long as she lived, who 
died at the advanced age of nearly a hun- 
dred years. When returning from one of 
those visits she brought home a small 
willow stick, used on the way for a rid- 
ing-whip and stuck it into the ground 
where it was moist ; and it grew to be 
a large tree ; said to be the first of its 
kind in this town. 



Mr. Spaulding held a lieutenant's com- 
mission, not only in the French and 
Indian war, but, also, in the Revolu- 
tionary war. He was wounded in the 
battle of White Plains, Oct. 28, 1776. 
in the thigh, by a ball which remain- 
ed in his Lg as long as he lived; and 
M'as troublesome at times. 

Lieut. Li'oiiard SiMiulding. for liis 
service in tlie war of 177(). he receivcil 
a grant lying west of Lake Champliiin 
in New York state. His connnission 
and otiier jiapers showing evidence of 
service in tlie war were kept in the fam- 
ily many years ; but Timothy Spaul- 
ding, a grand-son of Lieut. Spaulding. 
getting the impression he could secure 
a pension for the heirs, all of the pa- 
pers were given up to him by Mrs. 
Anna (Spaulding) Laughton. He re- 
moved soon after to the West, where 
he died before an application was made 
to the government and the papi'is were 
never etu ned to the family. 

Leonard Spaulding married. Mai-. .'), 
1750. Margaret, daughter of John and 
Elizabeth (Sprague) Love of Providence 
R. I. Her brother, Thos. Love, settled 
in Pownal. but removed to Henning- 
ton. The maiden name of Spaulding's 
mother was Persis Prescott. Joanna 
Spaulding was a sister of Lt. Leonard. 
She married Jesse Frost of Brattleboro 
and lived in what forms the ell-part t)f 
the house in which Dr. S. N. Hemis 
of that town now lives. She was born 
Mar. 29, 173i), died Nov. 1834, JE i)r) 
years, and was buried in the cemetery 
west of her residence. 

Josiah and Samuel Sj)aul(ling wen- 
brothers, probably, of the Lieutenant. 

They were with him a. Crown Point 
in 1758. Jonathan Spaulding may al- 
so, have been his brother. The family 
were tall, strong looking persons ; and 
it is said the sons of the Lienti-iiaiit 



26 



YERMONT HISTORICAL MAGAZINE. 



were over six feet in height ; the tallest 
one six feet seven inches. 

The children of Lt. Leonard and Mar- 
garet Spauldiiig were : 

Reuben, b. Nov. 19, 1756, m. 

Gates, died, Jan. 20, 1794 ; 

Betsey, b. June 22, 1758, m. Hen- 
ry Stevens, Dec. 19, 1779, died Feb. 
2, 1790; 

Leonard Jr., b. Mar. 14, 1760, m. 
Priscilla Gleason, Dec. 9, 1779, d. 
Sept. 3, 1792; 

Mary, b. Oct. 11, 1761, m. David 
Laughton, died May 12, 1782 ; 

Sarah, b. July 19, 1763, m, Charles 
Wilder, Oct. 27, 1782; 

Timothy and John, (twins) b. May 
13, 1765, d. June 13, 1785, and Mar. 
26, 1793; 

Anna, b. Apr. 7, 1767, m. Samuel 
Laughton, Dec. 14, 1786, died, Jan. 
13, 1849; 

Esther b. Apr. 1767, d. July 1783 ; 

Josiah, b. Mar. 30, 1771, m. Eunice 
Skinner, d. Dec. 3, 1798; 

Olive, b. Oct. 17, 1773, m. 1st. Dav- 
id Wilson, Feb. 17, 1798; 2d. Dan- 
iel Mixer of Brattleboro. 

Lt. Spaulding was born Oct, 28, 1728 
and died of consumption July 17, 1788 
JE 59, in a house which he built, now 
standing on George Warwick's farm. 

He was buried at his own request in 
the grave-yard east of the Hollow, be- 
cause, at that time, the cemetery where 
his children were buried was wet ground. 
No stone marks his resting place. Mar- 
garet, his wife, resided with her son, 
Josiah, on the home farm till his death 
when she went to West Dummerston 
after her farm was sold, and lived near 
her daughter, Mrs. Anna Laughton, 
where she died May 1, 1827, JE. 94. 
Her grave is beside that of Mrs, Anna 
Laughton, who died Jan. 31, 1849, and 
no gravestone marks the place. 



When Anna Spaulding was married, 
she wore a linen muslin dress of her 
own manufacture. She selected the ni- 
cest flax, hatcheled, carded and spun the 
same into a thread so fine that each 
skein consisting of fourteen knots, could 
be drawn through her open thimble. The 
dress -was woven, cut and made by her- 
self, and in texture resembled silk. 

Josiah and Eunice Spaulding'& chil- 
dren were Polly, born 1793 ; Timothy, 
Betsey, and John. 

Leonard and Priscilla Spaulding were 
the parents of Thomas, b. Oct. 19, 1780, 
Leonard, 3d. Adam, John, William, 
and Squire, b. May 12, 1790. 

Leonard (3d.) married Sally Fuller, 
of Putney. She was a sister of Mrs 
Alvin Knapp. Their children, so far as 
known, were Rinda, who married Dec. 
1, 1880, Asa Baldwin; Amy, married 
John Cudworth of Putney, and Priscilla 
married a Howe ; 

Arba married 1st. Emeline, daughter 
of Benjamin Estabrook,2d. Margaret 
Boyden, sister of Mrs. Electa (Boy den) 
Bemis. Harriet married Samuel Wil- 
der ; Charles ; Alvin ; Lovina ; Lucina. 
Children by the first marriage were : 
Clarissa E., Benjamin A. ; 2d. marriage, 
Hoyt T., Anna, Nellie. Clarissa E. 
married Ransom C. Farr of Chester- 
field, N. H. ; Hoyt T. married Ella 
Mason. The parents and the other three 
children are not living. 

Lieutenant is the title given on the 
town records ; but on the gi-ave-stones 
of his children, the inscription is Capt. 
Leonard Spaulding. He was a citizen 
of the town when it was organized. 

The place where he settled and clear- 
ed the land was about 2 miles north of 
the meeting-house and long known as 
Spaulding's Hill. He was a prominent 
and capable man in business affairs and 
in continual service for the town until 



DUMMER8T0N. 



27 



the year 1788, when he was unable on 
sMi-oount of sickness, to act as one of the 
committee in finishing tlie building of 
pews in the meeting-house. Julv "id.. 
1 788 : 

'' the town met and chose Thoma.« 
Clark in lieu of Lt. Spaulding who is 
unable to act." 

He deeded his farm to his son. Josiah, 
June 3, 1778. He also, deeded fifty 
acres to his son. John, June 23, 1778. 

In the deed to Josiah, provision Avas 
made for Margaret, wife of Captain 
iSpaulding ; also, for Mrs. Betsey Stev- 
ens, Mrs, Sarah WihW^ "Mts. Anna 
Laught^n, and Olive Spaulding, his 
daugliter. He Avas then near his end 
with consumption. 

Although the children of Lt. Spauld- 
ing. especially the sons, became large, 
muscular persons, all but one or two, 
died under 40 years of age of consump- 
tion, and their sickness was brief. 

It is related by those who remember 
the circumstance ; after six or seven of 
the family had diidof consiunption, an- 
other daughter was taken, it was sup- 
posed, with the same disease. It was 
thought she would die, and much was 
said in regard to so many of the fami- 
ly's dying of consumption when they all 
seemed to have the appearance of good 
health and long life. Among the su- 
perstitions of those days, Ave find it Avas 
said that a vine or root of some kind 
grew from coffin to coffin, of those of 
one family, Avho died of consumption, 
and were buried side by side ; and Avhen 
the growing A'ine had reached the cof- 
fin of the last one buried, another one 
of the family would die ; the only way 
to destroy the influence or effect, was 
to break the vine ; take up the body of 
the last one buried and burn the vitals, 
which would be an effectual remedy: 
Accordingly, the body of the last one, 
buried was dug up and the vitals taken 



out and burned, and the daughter^ it 
is affirmed, got Avell and lived many 
years. The act, doubtless, raised her 
mind from a state of d«^spondency lo 
hopefullness, 

^'HaWs Hislory of Easfirn Vfrniutit" 
gives us much of the foUoAving infor- 
mation In a *sermon preaclied by Kev. 
E 1). AndrcAA's, on Fast day. 1825, he 
states that Leonard Spaulding in 1 7C8. 
lived near Avhere B. ReynoM's resided 
in 1825. At the June term of the In- 
ferior Court of Common Pleas in 1771. 
one Jonas Moore of Putney recoverf<l 
judgment against Leonard Spaulding. 
of the same place, to the amount of for- 
ty pounds, including costs. A fieri fa- 
cias having issued to satisfy the judge- 
ment the sheriff" by his deputy seized 
some of Spaulding's effects and placed 
them in the charge of Moore, who Avas 
to keep them at his house until the day 
appointed by the sheriff" for the sale. 

Meantime, the 27th. of Jan. 1772, 
seventy or eighty men crossed from 
NeAv Hampshire over Connecticut river 
and going in the evening to the house 
Avhere the goods Avere deposited, broke 
open the door, seized upon and carried 
them aAvay, and insulted ]Moore's fam- 
ily at the same time, ''various ways." 

This aff'air Avas OAving to the enmity 
Avhich existed betAveen the supporters 
of the jurisdiction of Ncav York and 
the faA'orers of the jurisdiction of New 
Hampshire. (For account of his im- 
prisonment at AVestminster. see rec- 
ord report by the town clerk.) 

In 177G, the "Committee of Safety" 
cited the doughty old soldier of Dum- 
merston to answer or "make suitable 
Confession to this Committee for his 
conduct in Taking Colonel Wells by 
military force ; that mode of proced- 
ing Being Contrary to the minds of this 
Committee, and also a Violation of a 
*rreacheil at Putney. See Putney, t)iiis vol. 



28 



v?:rmont historical magazinp:. 



Certain Resolve, formerly passed by 
this Committee." 

To this resohitioii is appended tht' 
r()ll(»wiii;r note: "Spaulding eomply'd 
■with the above Vote by making {.rop- 
er Confession, &e." Polite and 
valient, his apologies were ample, and 
tiie complaint was dismissed. This inci- 
dent was copied from the records of 
the Committee of Safety for Cumber- 
land County, July 25th. at which time 
Lieutenant Spaulding, a most patriotic 
eitizen of Dummerston, was a mem- 
ber. The committee noticed the matter 
in order to wipe out the disgrace which 
had been cast upon them by the un- 
warrented act of the fiery Dummer- 
stonian. Jacob Laughton, who was a 
cotemporary with Dr. Harvey, says, 
Mr, Hall in his History, in a conversa- 
tion with him in 1857, said Lt. Spaul- 
ding was a resolute man and that when 
he was committed to the jail at West- 
minster, it took three or four Yorkers 
to conquer him. 

KRENCII AND INDIAN WAR RECORD. 

From the remnant of a journal kept 
by Lt. Spaulding in 1758, lately found 
among old papers in the posession of 
Mrs. Electa B. Bemis, his great-grand 
daugliter. 

CROWN POINT JULY 1758. 

Lieut. Curtis and Ensign Davice these otH- 
cers was all Keld and several men beside that 
I do not Know. 

the 21st day a party of our men went out to 
Look up the Ded men that was not found 
they found four of our men Keld Nothing 

move 

the22d Nothing Remarkabel Straing 
(strange) I remaining week and Loo. 

the Zia No news to be hold only mr. morrel 
was not abel to preach it being Sabeth day 
our men got mad and sed thay would go hom 
case thay Ded No good to the King or Cutry 
(Country) 

the24d. in the morning a number of sheep 
came to the fort and our men brought them 



en an almost every man got one toward* 
night a eumpanv of Rangers eame from the 
Lake and a cannon was sent from the Lake to. 
be Kept here 

the 25d. orxTers came for our Regemnet to 
march to the Lake thi-ee hundred of Eeglers 
eame to stay and two hundred of provenshels 

we struck our tents and moved to the L ake 
Left Cur'll (Col.) Cunimings and several of our 
men in order 

VORT EDWARD 

the 2«d. we petcht onr tents what we had of 
them 

the 37d. the Kegements all droed (drawed) 
np on the Lines so as the Genral mit fne (view'" 
them 

the 28d. News cam en in the Evening by a 
post from the half way broock that there was 
a bout thirty six teams and three wagons Cut 
of and About flefty men to A skoit them to ye 
halfway broock got With en two miles of ye 
s'd brook a bout four or five hundred Indians 
fel on them and toock al the terns and Keld 
and toock a bout 30 women and a bout 20 or 30 
men 

the 296. there was oi-dere from the genral 
for al the men that Could not draw there charge 
was to fire off there peaces moses Sartwell 
Drawed his charge and only for flushing his 
gun ye Commodore bregade general a riding 
a Long his hors started and he Emmeditedly 
confined him the s'd Sartwell and tryed by a 
court marshall Capt. fales presanted Lent. 
Beilard Leut. maikentosh Lent. Godfree En- 
sign farvel members under examination 

the wetness cleared him Capt Daniel fletcher 
and Capt Jones was wetness and was confined 
to there tents for given Sartwell favors 

the 30d. Capt jones was ordered to go on 
Comand for his punishment Down the Lake to 
the Narrows with the party of 12 himdred meu 
the 31d Capt Daniel fletcher was sot at Lib- 
erty a party of sixty men out of our Rege- 
mentwas ordered to go to ye half way broock 

Aug Id. Nothing RemarKabel in the evening 
I rec'd Soudery Letters for our companey one 
from Mr. Joseph Emerson to Capt. Thomas 
Lawrence I being Commander of the Com- 
paney I broke it open and Red it I found a 
word of coshon to Capt Lawrence 

the 2d. Leut weson came in from the Narow- 
ers a number of teams cam en with prevesions 

the 3d the teams went out Loaded with Chest 
of arms and Sick men was ordered to move 



DUMMERSTON, 



29 



over the hilf we en cauipt and got very good 
tent for our selves but sum of the men had 
none and was forst to do as they could get 
sum bark 

the 4d. Nothing Remarkable at night orders 
Came out for Con'U fetchs Regt. to march in 
tlie morning by four a Clock 

theod Brother JosiahSpaulding in the morn- 
ing toock his gun and went out in order to Kill 
snm pigens and a coming en he flerd of his 
gun anil the gard seeing him went and toock 
liim and Kep him under gard 2 ouers I went 
and got him oft a bout son down Reced a 
letter fi-oni my wife and one fi-om mother to 
.losiah which Rejoyced me muelial though it 
bed been a longe time on its pasaged it bore 
(late June iSD 

the (id we drawed four days previsions in the 
four Noon in the after Noon I went to hear 
preaching 

the 7d. Nothing straing only one of the Reg 
elers was in Swiming and was Drowned and 
two men was found Ded a bout half a mile 
from the encampment judged to have ben keld 
by the moohokes who thay be Longed to it 
is not Known 

the 8d. I went on gard 48 ours with one hun- 
dred men About 'son] one our high about sev- 
enty teams Cam en brought sum flower 
some loded with Setters stowers they brought 
en ten six pounders in order to put on bord the 
fesel 

the 9d. the teams went a'way and carred 
towards a hundred sick men a party of 

men that went out five days ago Came en and 
brought in a fi'euch man that they toock 

the lOd. I came of from gard and Nues came 
en fi"om maj'r Rogers that he had a fight and 
had got a bout 50 skelps and 2 presners and he 
lost a bout 30 men about 30 wounded 

the lid. in the morning the whole army was 
Drawed up on the Lines in order to find spies 
if there was any in the Camp but none found 
the genral went Round to see the men a par- 
ty of teams Came en at night by Cande] T.ite 
1 went ye Con'll tent and a Number of officers 
was in there and got in a frollick and put 
Lent, weson en capt and henry woods Ensign 
and settled the Company 

the 12d. Nothing straing or Remarkabel 

the 13d. Mager Rogers came en from fort Ed- 
ward aud a bout 90 teams Came en Loded with 
prevensions 

the 14d. the teams went a way mager Rog- 



ers went out a gain with a bout seven hundred 
men to the south Bay on the eight day of this 
month mager Rogei-s and mager putman be- 
ing at the South Bay with 700 men niajor 
Rogers took 400 men and went over to wood 
Creek after he was gon one of putmans men 
went out about 10 rods from the rest of the 
Cumpany out on an old Logg a tring to Catch 
sum flsh and wile he was there he heariiig a 
Noise he Loock he see a bark cannoo with two 
Indians a running from him he went and told 
the maj'r he then found that he was discover- 
ed he thought proper to Remove to the Rest 
of the party he sot out for wood creek got 
a bout half way met ten of maj'r Rogers men 
a coming to him for maj'r Rogers and his par- 
ty was discovered by a party of french and 
Indians in a boat in wood creek and when 
mager Rogei-s and putman came togatherthay 
thot proper to march home wards to wards 
fort Edward, thay marcht to fort and Logedi 
in the morning maj'r Rogers and one of the 
Reglers Capts got into a banter a bout shout- 
ing marks shot a bout five or six guns there 
being a party of fi-ench and Indians on there 
march to waylay the Rods (roads) between 
fort Edward and the half way brook thay sed 
there was mager Rogers a killing pegingsthay 
went and waylaid him mager putman led the 
party of marcht a bout a mile the enemy en- 
emy haveing plast themselves in an ambush 
fired upon them they Ruslit on the frunt of our 
men and kild sum they took mager putman 
and sum more and carred them to ticontoro 
(Ticonderoga) for mager putman Rote a leter 
and sent it by a flag of ti-uce that came in from 
the french our men got 50 skelps and two pres- 
ners and brot them to fort Edward 

15d. in the morning got up and went to wour 
(our) Nue Ensigns tent and he had got a citel 
(kettle) of milk and maid it into poriged and I 
eat sum of them which tasted very well at 
night there came en 90 teams Loded with meat 
and flower and buter 

the 16d. I was ordered on gard 

the 27Day a bout midnight Lent. Joseph far- 
vel Departed this Life ye next morning he 
was buried I went and borrod sum bords to 
make a Corfing for him promised to pay 

them a gain 

the 28th day in the morning A post Cam in 
to the genral with a packet that Cap briton 
was taken the whole army was Drawed up 
on the Lines 21 cannon fired at a time 3 times 



30 



VERMONT HISTORICAL MAGAZINE. 



^oing and the small arms 3 times Rond a peace 
SeptembertheiJd. Campt at Lake George A 
skout a going to tlie half way bi-ooek to gard 
teams up got a bout four miles Down the 

comnuiudingoflicer of the party sent one sarg't 
and four Privets as a front gard they being 
8un» ways a head Not less than half a mile from 
the party the party Consisted of a bout 300 
men the Indians way Laid the Rodes and Shot 
at these live men and Kield the sargt ded on 
the spot and wounded one more he mad his 
skept [escape] and all but the sargt They 
skeli)e(lhimand got of Iliad the command 
of the Quarter gard 
the lOd. I came of the Quarter gard 
thel'2d. Joshuay fletcher Died at the Half 
way broock with the Camp feaver 

the 15th Leut Joseph fasset Departed this 
Life he died about 12 or 1 oclock at Night 
I bought Ninety one pound of Cheas and gave 
seven pound and seven shilling Lawfull mon- 
ey for it and I Let the men belonging to the 
company have it at one shilling and six pence 
A pound. 
Sept the 29 Leonard parker Departed this 

Life a bout 4 A clock in the morning John 

Read Departed this Life a bout the same time 

"Oct. ye 1, 1758." Under this date 
the journal contains several items charg- 
ed in acct. against the following per- 
sons ■ 

Capt powers, mr David powers, Timothy 
Northan and Mr Dennes. 

Oct. the 2d I Reced five Letters from west- 
ford (Conn.) one from my Best friend which 
Plesedme the Best of any thing for a Long 
time one for Benj'ni Nutting one for farmer 
one for hartwell one for .Joseph Boyton 

Oct. the 3d. I went on the main gard with 
forty men of the prevenshels & one capt from 
the Reglers and thirty men with him one 
sarg't and one Corp'I each 

Oct. 7d. I went Down to the Lake in a whale 
bote with Leut Whitney to the Narrows to the 
sloop Halifax and tan-ed al Night and fine do- 
ings we had A good super ofbiled Bass and 



buteran.I Vennoger with it the Ne 



X morning 



went ashore and got Red Seder and went on a 
Island to splet It out we on loded and Leut 
Whitney and 1 was en vlted to go a Bord to 
Bruxfast which we went and had Kofee and 
tee in the morning we went to the Island and 
shot at marks A bout 12 oclock we sot of for 
lion. the wend being very high against is 



we toock on shore and so got in Day lite it 
is a bout Eghttee (80) miles Down to the Nar- 
rows 

Oct- the 12 then took a ti-ue Copy of the or- 
ders given at olbony (Albany) the 14 (th) 
general orders Dated at olbony May 14d 1758 
Rec'd at fort Edward May 19— all officers what 
ever trom the time of there taken the field un- 
till the Day of there Entring Into winter quar- 
ters are to have only one Ration of Provisions 
pr Day for which they are to draw for them 
selves and servents and the orders of Novem- 
ber 26, 1757 or the Al lowan^e 4 day Ration. 
Rations in Lieu of provisions to be suspended 

Oct. 14th Regimental Rader lajs orders 
It is ordered that Leonard Spaulding Be first 
Leut. in the Company of Capt Ephram weson 
and Henery woods second Leut. and Oliver 
Parker Ensign and Jonas Stratton to be first 
Leut. and .John Dunlap 2d Leut. & David fletch- 
er Ensign in the Companey under the Com- 
mand of Capt .John Clapham and Thos. ho- 
vey to be ensign under the command of Capt. 
Asa foster & thay are to be obaid as such al so 
ordered that each capt or Commanding oflS- 
cers of Each cumpany in my Regt Emeadiate- 
ly send in to me an a count of all the arms that 
are lost or Damnifide in there Respective Coni- 
paneys making a Distinshon Between there 
own & those which thay Rec'd out of the kings 
Stores in order to be Laid Before his Excelen 
cy the genral. Ebenezer Nickels Coll'o 

Oct. 16. there came en 104 ox teams and 
the Next moniiug thay all Loded Cannon and 
carred of all the cannon and morters and Sum 
shels at Night there camfe en a bout one 

Hundred wagons thay was all fext and Lod- 
ed by moruing with Battoos a bout 90 bat- 
toos in all 

the 17d 
ward 



the teams Returned from fort 



the 19 thay went a way Loeded with ball 

and shels also one Hundred and forty wagons 
with Battoos Came en at Night a gain the 
sloop being at Anker she was ordered to on 
Rig herself 

the 20d She was Brought a long side the 
wharfand her cannon all on Loded hir Sals 
taken of in order to be Sonk in the Lake 

Lake George 1758 there Came orders 

that all the Coll'os (colonels) should met and 
thay Did and Consulted sum time and found 
many sick in the Camps and the Next waste 
seethe Likelest way to help the Lord a way 



DUMMERSTON. 



31 



out of the world with them sum thought (one 
way) and Sum A nother but on the whole 
thaj' thought it Best to put out all the flres and 
so give them a ft-eas. I think it is as Damn- 
able an Action as they have Don since I came 
from home At night there came In a bout 
100 ox teams Loded with Powder and Cattreges 
Oct. 23 con'll Nicholls was ordered to take 
11 battoos and march to fort Edward take 
them to olbony wher on we tok five in the Reg- 
ment foure got Down 

MISCELLANEOUS ENTRIES IN THE JOURNAL. 

Sept. 12 1758 Samuel Keep came up to see 
his brother Jabe Keep he went a way and I 
sent one Kufiied shirt and one shirt not Ruffled 
and one pare of Nue brown gloves and two hol- 
on caps and old[silk handkerchief I delev- 

ered these things to him to carray home to 
his home so I mite have them when we went 
home so my pack mite be sum Liter 

Oct. 14 1758 I had of Mr. Northon one pint of 
clone water Stephen Kemp Departed this 

Life about Eight o clock in the morning. 

Oct. 17 I had Ave mugs of flip and two Cab - 
eges heeds and one pound of CoflTe. 

Nearly one half the journal was used 
to keep accounts with the soldiers and 
from the kind of articles sold to them it 
is inferred that Lt. Spauldiug sold sut- 
ler's stores. From these pages the follow- 
ing names of soldiers have been select- 
ed and may be valuable for reference : 

Joseph Hartwell, Daniel Duglas, Jonathan 
Slieple, Leonard Parker, Oliver Parker, Silas 
Kent, Natha'n Lakin, Joseph Page, Nathaniel 
Parker, Thomas Scott, John Chamberlen.Benj. 
Nutting, Daniel Gllson, Moses Goold, David 
Shattuck, Stephen Foster, Zachai-iah Willis. 
"Sept. 7d. 1758. Benjamin Farmer 
bought one powder horn one Inkhorn 
and one tump line belonging to Lent. 
Farvel that Died." 

Many charges are made for "muton" 
"chas" and "Rumb". 

The "tump line" was used during the 
time of battle by the Indians and the 
white men for the pvirpose of hauling 
dead bodies, or helpless wounded men 
from the scene of carnage. When offi- 
cers or soldiers were seen to fall in bat- 
tle, some soldier friend would creep up 



to the wounded or dead person, attach 
the' 'tump line" and by adroit movements 
haul the body away unobserved by the 
enemy. From June 17, 1758, to Sept. 
9, many words nsed for "Parole" are 
recorded among which are Gage, Nich- 
ols, Whitehall, Monmouth, and Cata- 
rockquea. 

CAMP AT CROWN POINT— SEPT. 19, 1760. 
An Inventory of the Efl'ects of Samuel Spauld- 
iug Deceased Late Soldier in Capt. Buttei-field's 
Companey in Col'o. Ruggles Regt. Lawful*! 
money. 

Viz : 1 gun 0£— 18s-0d. 

1 Pare of Indians stockens 0—3—0 

2 Pare of Stockins 0—4—0 

1 Pare of Bretches o — 1 — <> 

2 Haversacks 0-1—0 
1 Pare shoues 0—2—0 
1 Powder Horn & Bullet Pouch 0—0—6 
1 Tump line & Bottel 0—1—0 
1 Shirt 0—4—0 



1—15—6 
Leonard Whitney ( 
Joseph Boynton I Prisers. 
John Darnham ( 

Aug. 10, 1760. then Rec'da Leter from my wife 
whetch Plesed me well and al is well but no date 
to the Leter. 

WAR TACTICS FROM THE JOURNAL. 
Words of command for the exercise of foot 
(soldiers ) armed with Are Locks 
1. Joyn your right hand 
to your firelock 

2 Poise your firelocks 

3 Rest „ „ 

4 Cock „ 

5 Pi-esent. 

6 fire. 

7 Recover your arms. 

8 Half cock „ „ 

9 Handel your primers. 

10 Prime 

11 Shut your pans. 

12 Cast about to Charge. 

13 Handel your Carthridge 

14 Open 

15 Charge with ,, 

16 Draw your rammers. 

17 Shorten ,, ,, 

18 Put them in the barrels. 

19 ..ia-j down youi' Carthr adge. 

20 Hithdraw your rammer. 

21 Shorten „ ,, 

22 Return ,, „ 

23 Cast oir yonr firelocks. 

24 Your right hand under the locks. 

25 Poise youi' firelocks. 

26 Shoulder,, 

27 Rest 



32 



VERMONT HISTORICAL MAGAZINE. 



28 Order ,. 

29 Ground „ 

30 Take up ,, 

31 Kent 

32 Clul) 

33 lU'st 

34 Soc-nre " .. 
3.1 Shoulder „ „ 

THE BKATS OF DRUM FOR WAR. 
1. A cull 2. A Troop. 3. A March. 4. A prepar- 
ative. 5. A Battail. 6 A Retreat. 

Lt. Spaulding omits the bayonet ex- 
ercise but gives the following exercise : 
To the Right, Close your flies. March. Halt. 

DOUBLINGS. 

Rear half flics, to the Right. Bonhle your 
front. March. Half flies to the Left, as you 
were. March, iialt. Kear half flies, to the left. 
Douhle your front. March. Halt. Half flies, to 
the Right. AS you were. March. Halt. Front 
half flies to the Right. About, uouble your rear. 
March. Halt. Front half files, as you were. 
March. 

Front half flies, to the left. Double your rear. 
March. Halt. Front half flies, as you were. 
March. Files to the right- Double. March. Halt. 
TO the left, as you were. March. Files to the 
left. Double. March. Halt, to the right : as you 
Were. March. Halt. Half ranks, to the right. 
Double your flies. March. Halt, to the left, as 
you were. March. Halt. Half ranks to the left. 
Double your flies. March. Halt, to the right- 
AS you were. March. Halt. 

Lt. Spaulding's old account book, that 
has been preserved with his journal, con- 
tains many accounts with citizens in 
Putney and Dummerston. The charges 
in Putney begin in Mar. 1766, and end 
in 1771. In 1770, he makes the follow- 
ing entry : 

"To serving and returning a ret (writ) 
on Ben Hutchens before Judge Lord, 
and to service on said Hutchens before 
.ludgWelLs." 

Tlie book shows that he did business 
apart of the year, 1772, in Westmore- 
land, N. H., on a farm which he bought 
of Abner Howe. The earliest date for 
this town, then called Fullam, Jan. 6, 
1773. The name does not change until 
1775, to Dummerston. 

"Dummerston, June 27, 1776. For 



£. 


_ — — 6 


£ 


_ 0- 1 -10 


£. 


- - - 3 


£. 


- - -2 - 10 


£. 


_ - 10 - 4 


£. 


-0-1 - 10 


£. 


— 0—0 — 10 



my time and Expenses a going to old 
hadle (Hadley) for a minister, time 
and expenses and hors 15 shillings." 

''To bringing the powder from West- 
minster £.0-4-6 
" To bringing the Lead from Capt. 
Clays 190 wait £.0-3-6 
''Sept. 23 1776, an a Count of what 
time I spent awaiting on the convention 
for a Nue State I sot out for Dorset ye 
23, of Sept. and Returned hom the 
2d. of October, my expenses for that 
journey are as follows viz : 
at Westminster 
at Rockingham 
at Chester 
at Brumle 
at Dorset 
at Manchester 
at Col- Bronsons 
at Bennington three nights and two days a 
waiting for copies of ye Convention — 4—8 
on inj^ way hom 0—3—9 
and my hors the same time 1—6 — lo 
my expenses at Westminster the third Wed- 
nesday of janery 1777 four days 0—9—3 
I went to Guilford to carre the papers to Coll 
Carpenter that Cam from Dorset in order for 
rasing money for Con, 11 warner — 3 — (i 
Feb. 17, 1777. to going to Westminster to carre 
a letter to Dorset by order of the commitee. 
Heni-y Stevns Dr. to Leonard Spaulding. 
Feb. 1781. To one flat iron in paper Dollars 
( continental ) $ 75. 00 
Mar. 26 To two pound Coton wool at 30 dolers 
per, pound $ 60. 00 
Apr. 16 ,, one quart of rum. $ 26.00 
,, ,, ,, one kake chocalet $ 10.00 
„ „ „ half a pound of Coffe $ 8. 00 
No date ,, one bushel of rye $ 50 
,, „ „ one quart rum $ 26 00 
Creded febuary 1781, by 1000 Continental dol 
ers with sixpence, old tener, each doller 

[Of the papers contributed by Mr. 
Mansfield we shall next give what bio- 
graphical account he has been able to 
gather of the fourteen men who signed 
the notification calling for the first town 
meeting, commencing with Ebenezer 
Haven, (see page 8,) and Enoch Cook, 
the first town clerk, chosen that day, 
and such other citizens of Dummerston 




^l^f^^z^^ CJ-K 



C>h^ 



DI jMMEllSTO^^ . 



B3 



as were named in that report. — the 
Kathan's and Lieut. Spaukling. lmvin<r 
Iteen previcwisly given. Ed.] 



EBENEZEK HAVEN FAMILY. 

Ebenezer Haven, lived in Hopkiiiton, 
Mass., in 1754, aiad was at that time 
"24 years of age. He removed to Ox- 
ford with his family in 1757 or '58, 
thence to Sutton, and in 1770, to Dum- 
merston, and was one of the signers on 
the first call for a meeting to organize 
the town in 1771. He reached the age 
■of 79 years and his wife, 70. He was 
probably a brother of Deacon Moses 
Haven, of Hopkinton, who w^as born m 
1 732, and m. in 1 750. He was the son of 
Joseph, b. in 1689, who was a ruling 
Elder in Hopkinton, in 1731, and after- 
wards. The ftither of Joseph was Moses, 
a deacon in Hopkinton, but b. in Lynn 
in 1667, whose father was Richard, who 
■came from England and settled in Lynn, 
in 1645, where, in 1692, he then living, 
it was " voted, that Sergeant Haven 
should sit in the Pulpit." Samuel Haven, 
son of Moses, b, Dec. 9, 1751, removed 
from Hopkinton to Shrewsbuiy, Mass, 
in 1800, and from the history of that 
town, we ascertained the information 
given above. 

Ebenezer and Abigail Haven were the 
ancestors of the Haven families in this 
town. He was a blacksmith and was 
doubtless the first man Avorking at that 
trade in Dummerston. He bought lot 
No. 14 of the original proprietors, June 
26, 1770, and the farm is now owned 
by his great grandson, Orrin Haven, 
having been kept in the family name 
since it was first settled. 

The children of Ebenezer and Abigail 
Haven were : 

Abigail, b. in Hopkinton, Oct. 26, 
1754, m. 1st, Thomas Boyden ; had two 
5 



chihlren that died young ; 2d, Marshall 
Miller, Nov. 17, 1778, died Jan. 26. 
1^29. 

Nathaniel, borii Nov. <S, 175(;, m. 
Mrs. Eunice Farr, widow of AYilliiim 
Farr, of Chesterfield. N. H.. May 6, 
1779. 

Anna, b, Sept. 29, 175.S, m. Arad 
Holton about 1776 ; d. in Feb. 1787. 

Joseph, b. Apr. 3, 1761, m. Pamelia 
Houghton, Mar. 12, 1789. 

Abel, born May 20, 17()3, m. Rachel 
French. 

Relief, b. Mar. 2f;. 1765, m. Elijah 
Brown. 

Sarah, b. May 3, 17^!9. remained 
single through life, 

David, born Apr. 3, 1770, m., 1st, 
Abigail Haven, his cousin, from Brook- 
lyn Ct. ; 2d, Olive Goodell, of West- 
minster, 

Polly, b. Feb. 1763, the youngest of 
the faxnily, m. June 5, 1706, Evans 
Reed, of Putney. 

The children of Joseph and Pamelia 
Haven were Amelia, m. Wilson Bennett, 
Jan. 1814 ; Polly, m Amasa Houghton. 
of Putney, Oct. 31. 1812 ; Rebecca : 
Sarah ; Lydia, m. Philip Allyn,Feb. 
26, 1829. : Tamar and Sylvanus. 

Joseph Haven and family removed 
to Truxton, N. Y. 

The children of Abel and Rachel 
Haven: Fanny, b. Apr. 18, 1783, m. 
Daniel Kathan, Jr., Oct. 23, 1800; 

Lydia m. Rodolphus Scott, of Ches- 
erfield, N. H. ; Ira m. Jemima Ward ; 
Jairus m. Arathusa Herrick, of Ches- 
terfield, N. H. ; Chester m. Lydia. 
dau. of Marshall Miller and after his 
death, Nov. 11, 1814, She m. 2d. 
Reuben Walker ; Louisa m. George 
Anson Miller ; Otis m. Frances Brad- 
bury, of Vergennes ; Abel m. Maria 
Miller, May 18, 1820. 



34 



vp:rmont historical magazine. 



cliildn 



)f ll 



iiid Jemima 



Loi.s l)iu-k, (jf Lake 



Susan m. Asa 



Rac 



o.« 



'!, un- 



Har 



Th 
Haven ; 

Dana M. 
Georo^e. N. Y. ; 

Nancy died youiv 
Lawtoii : 

Eliza m. .1. E.AVorden 
married ; 

Lucy died young ; Ir 
Ah ira Ford ; 

Louisa m. George B. Newton, of 
Royalston Mass. ; 

Fanny died young ; Julia n 
O Miller ; Frances married H 
Miller. 

The children of David and Abigail 
Haven : Abigail m. 1st ,Thos. Kathan, 
Sept. 17, 1829, 2d, Benjamin Streeter ; 
3d, Leonard Maxwell ; Square m. So- 
phia Carpenter, of AYestminster ; Relief 
B. m. Horace T. Moore, of Putney, 
Oct. 6, 182;3 ; William, unmarried. 

Square Haven married Sophia Car- 
penter, of Westminster. Their children 
were : 

Alvira m. Lorenzo Field, of Putney ; 

Minerva m. J. L. Maxwell ; Orrin, 
unmarried. 

David Haven, a brother of Abel, died 
in 1805, aged 94 years, 6 months. Jairus 
born in Dummerston, was the fourth 
child of a family of whom Deacon Abel 
Haven was the youngest : Dea. Abel 
died on the farm now owned by his son, 
Joel M. Haven of Rutland. This farm 
was the only one in town on which good 
corn was raised in the cold summer of 
1816. " Uncle " Jairus did the farm 
work that year and was in his old age 
quite fond of relating the particulars of 
his raising corn when so many failed to 
ecure a crop. His life-work was farm- 
ing, and he used a scythe in haying for 
nearly 80 years. 

Abel Haven, born Jan. 1, 1799, died 
Apr. 20, 1804. Maria, his wife, dau. 



of William and Hannah (Wordeu) Mil- 
ler and grand-daughter of Capt. Isaac 
Miller, diet Jan. 29, 1873. Dea. 
Haven — deacon of the CongTegational 
church in this town many years — and 
his wife were good members of the 
church and very helpful in society, and 
were much esteemed. Their portraits^ 
were donated for this publication bj 
their son, Dea. Joel M. Haven, of Rut- 
land, who was born in Dummerston on 
the old Haven farm and w^as a farmer 
boy until the time when he became a 
clerk for Foster Wheeler, of Putney. 
Afterwards he went to Brattleboro and 
was clerk for A. E. Dwinell, then book- 
keeper and confidential clerk for Calvin 
Townsley until Townsley's store was 
burned. He then went West and en- 
gaged in farming ; but was not success- 
ful and returned to Brattleboro where 
he went into the dry goods trade with 
his brother-in-law, H. C. Fisher. The 
firm established a branch store at Rut- 
land, of which he became the manager. 
Some years afterward he became treas- 
urer of the Rutland R. R. company and 
has held that position many years. He 
engaged in various enterprises, chief 
among them being the purchase of the 
Bates House, making it one of the best 
hotels in the State and running it as a 
temperance house. His wife was Maria 
Dickerman, of Brattleboro, who became 
a prominent worker in the temperance 
cause throughout the State. Maria, his 
sister, married William Fuller, of Brook- 
lyn, Ohio, and Caroline, the other sis- 
ter, married Henry C. Fisher. 

CHARLES DAVENPORT. 
The earliest ancestor of whom there 
is any authentic record, is Thomas Dav- 
enport, of Dorchester, Mass., whose 
name first appeal's on any of its records 
as member of its church, Nov. 20, 
1640 ; his wife, Mary, joining. Mar. 8, 




ff ' f - 



;^^ 



DUMMERSTON. 



1201143 



35 



1644. She died Oct. 4, 1691. He 
was made freeman, May 18, 1G42, and 
constable, 1670. He probably lived on 
the eastern slope of Mt, Bowdoin, near 
the corner of* Bowdoin Street and Union 
Avenue. He bought the house and 
lands of William Pigrom, Nov. 25, 1653, 
and William Blake, Feb. 5, 1665. He 
made his will, July 24, 1683, " being 
aged," leaving the homestead to his 
youngest son, John, after his widow^'s 
death. He died Nov. 9, 1685. His 
inventory of property amounted to £332, 
16s, 8d. He had 9 children. The fourth 
child was Charles, baptised, Sept, 7, 
1652, in Dorchester, where he died, Feb. 
1, 1720. He married Wa,itstill, dau. 
of Quartermaster John and Katharine 
Smith of Dorchester, Jan. 11, 1659, 
and died Aug. 9, 1747. 

Charles Davenport was ensign, and 
held many town offices. He was select 
man most of the time from 1 700 to 1 714 
His homestead on Washington Street 
was on the south side of Mt. Bowdoin. 
His inventory amounted to £2700. — 
There were 9 children in his family. 
The eighth child was Charles, b. in Dor- 
chester, Feb. 15, 1700, m. May 31, 
1722, Jemima, dau. of Thomas and 
Experience Tolman of Dorchester. He 
inherited the homestead by his father's 
will. His wife, Jemima, died Feb. 17, 
1735. He sold off the homestead and 
removed to Worcester, Mass., where he' 
had four children by a wife, Joanna.- 
His first five children were born in Dor- 
chester, the others in Worcester. He 
had 10 children. 

The 4th child was Charles, the sub- 
ject of this sketch, and gi'eat grandson 
of Thomas. He was born Mar. 5, 
1730 ; married Apr, 16, 1755, at Wor- 
cester, Mary Hart, born Mar. 7, 1734, 
who died June 22, 1830, aged 96. He 
died in Dummerston, Apr. 25, 1805. 



She married 2d, Alexander Kathan. 
Descendants of Charles Davenport are 
now living in this town, Newfane suid 
Chesterfield, N. H. 

CHARLES DAVENPORT, 

was one of the first settlers in tJii.^ town 
and signed the first call for a meeting of 
settlers. In 1774, he lived on the com- 
mon or "green " as it was called in the 
town records The exasperated citizens 
met at his house , Oct. 29, of that year 
and chose a committee who released 
Lieut. Leonard Spaulding from confine- 
ment in the jail at Westminster. He 
moved a few years after, down on to the 
plain near Isaac Miller's and, for many 
years since, the home of John Stearns. 
A large apple-tree is now standing near 
the house that was set out by Mr. Dav- 
enport more than one hundred years 
ago. The tree measures 12 feet 6 in. 
in circumference and is probably one of 
the largest and oldest apple-trees now 
standing in the county, if not in the 
State. 

The children of Charles and Mary 
(Hart ) Davenport were : Elizabeth, 
b. Feb. 5, 1756, m. Fairbanks Moore, 
residence in Canada. 

Mary, b. Oct. 12, 1757, m. John 
MiUer ; 

Jemima, b. May 16, 1759, m. Jos- 
eph Gilbert, a soldier of the Revolution, 
a resident of Dummerston for a time 
and later in Hadley, N. Y. ; 

Charles, b. May 4, 1761, m. Polly 
Wood ; 

James Hart, b. Dec. 29, 1763, died 
Nov. 25, 1780. 

Thomas and Catherine, twins, b. July 
10, 1766. The son died the day of his 
birth. Catherine m. Benjamin Alvord 
of Dummerston, d. in Boston with her 
daughter, Mrs. Jesse Maynard, May 
20, 1865, aged 90 years. 

John, b. Feb, 22, 1769 ; Sallv born 



SG 



VERMONT HISTORICAL MAGAZINE, 



July 2, 1771. lu. Stoplien Cuinmings ; 

Susanna 1). Nov. \2, 1774, died Feb. 
'27. 17l)(I. Tlie Hrst iive ehildren were 
ixn-n in Worcesfter, Mass., and the oth- 
••rs in Dummerston. 

HulFs History of Ea.ftern Vertnont, 
states Charles Davenport a skillful car- 
penter from tlic patriotic little village of 
Dummerston, was the man who replied 
to a threatening speech informing the ri- 
oters that the J ''should be in h-Il be- 
fore morning, and who said that if the 
.•sheriff should offer to take possession 
of the Court-house, the Whigs would 
send him and his men to the same place 
in fifteen minutes. [See previous pa- 
per from the town clerk ] The twin 
children, Thomas and Catherine, were 
doubtless the first twin children born in 
town, but evidently, not the first births. 
According to the family record, Mr. 
Davenport moved to town between the 
years 17G3 and 17GG. He taught the 
first school in town. 

ENOCH COOK, 

the first Town Clerk, died Feb. 4, 
1797, ^74yrs. His wife, Lucy, died 
Aug. 17, 1806, JE 82. His son, Enoch 
Cook Jr., died Aug. 15, 1838, JE 76. 
Anna, his wife died, Feb. 12, 1851, JE 
83 yrs. Sarah, his sister, wife of Sam- 
uel Negus, died Jan. 9, 1834, JE 83. 
William, his son, died, Aug. 26, 1861, 
M 60. Anna H. Gates, his wife, died 
Sept. 26, 1861, JE 57 years. 

Mr. Cook was probably born in Wor- 
cester, Mass., where his brother, Rob- 
ert of Newfane, was born in 1730. His 
sons, so far as known, were Enoch Jr. ; 
Nathan and Solomon, 

The children of Enoch Jr. and his 
wife, Anna, were : 

Betsey, b. Mar. 2, 1793, m. Royal 



Vlar, 9, 1797, m. Densel 
f Tow^nshend, November 



b. 16, 1799, married 
of Newfane, June 

. 18, 1801, m. An- 
, b. Jmne 19, 1803, 



student of 
ademy, d. 



1828, m- 



1831, m. 



Miller ; 

Lucy, b. Mar. 17, 
Clark, June 10, 1816 



Polly, b 
D. Raiid, 
24, 1819: 

Katherine, b. Fe 
Wm. A. Bartlett, 
19, 1826; 

William, b. Apr 
na H. Gates ;, John 
died 1805 ; 

Cyrus, b. Oct. 29, 1807 
laHguages in Brattleboi'o 
Sept. 8, 1826. 

Children of William aad Anna were : 
Enoch G., born Apr. 13, 1826, m 
Jane, dau. of John Clark ; 

Mary Ann, born Sept. 29, 
James Miller, May 22, 1848 
Lucy Rosella, b. Oct. 19, 
Martin W. Gates ; 

Wm. Wallace, b. Mar. 21, 1834, 
m. Electa Whitney ; Cyrus, born July 

23. 1836, m. Pettis ; 

Martha E., b. Oct. 6, 1838, m. J. 
R. Nourse. 

JOHN KILBURY, 

who signed the settler's call for tJie first 
town meeting in 1771. bought land of 
the proprietors in 1770, and settled on 
lot No. 23, east of Slab Hollow. He 
was a resident of Chesterfield, N. H., 
for a time, but returned to Dummerston 
before 1787. He married 1st. Zerviah 
; children : 

John, b. Mar. 10, 1772, married 
Hephzibah Pierce, Feb. 14, 1799 ; 

Richard, b. July 2, 1773. m. Bedee 
Baldwin, Dec. 1, 1796 ; 

Robert, b. Dec. 13, 1774, —wife's 



1795, m. Moses 



name not recorded, children : 

Robert Jr., b. May 9, 1796, Olive. 
Robert Kilbury's ehildren were : 

Robert Jr., b. May 9, 1796 ; Olive, 
b. Sept. 26, 1799 ; 

Andrew, b. May 2, 1801 ; Caty, b. 
July 1, 1803 : Betsey, b. July 2, 1805, 
died 1807: 



DUMMERSTON. 



Sophia, b. Aidv. 26, 1807. No rec- 
ord of John Kilhury Jr.'s children. 
Richard and Bedee's children : 

Zerviah, b. May 28. 171)7, Thomas. 
1). July 16, 1798 ; Richard, b. Feb. 3, 
I.SOO; Polly, b. Feb. 20, 1802; Dex- 
ter, b. July 29, 1804 ; 

Asa Gates, b. June 25, 1806 ; Den- 
isou, born Oct. 13, 1808, drowned in 
childhood ; 

Laura, b. Sopt^. 2, 1810; Orrevilla, 
b. Dec. 2'J, 1813. 

John sen. m. 2d. Dorcas ,who 

lived to be very aged. 

SAMUEL WLSWALL 

signed the notification for the first town 
meeting in 1771. A town meeting was 
lield at his house, May 19, 1772. He 
was chosen, at that time, with Isaac 
Miller and Cyrus Houghton, commis- 
sioners of highways. No farther record 
of him. His name disappears from the 
records after 1772. I wrote for further 
information concerning Samuel Wis- 
wall, but did not get it. 

MAJ. JOSIAH BOYDEN 

was one of the five persons, including 
Solomon Harvey, John Butler, Daniel 
Gates, Jonathan Knight, forming a 
committee, who released Lt. Spaulding 
from confinement in the jail, Nov. 8, 
1774. [see page 10 and 27] 

.Josiali Boyden sen., came from Fram- 
ingham, Mass., to this town, soon after 
the close of the Revolutionary war, and 
settled on the farm where Timothy 
Brown now lives. His wife died before 
he came. He had a large family. In a 
few years, he removed from Dummers- 
ton with Jonathan, his son, and two or 
three other children, to the interior of 
Vermont, leaving here Josiah, jr., Isaac, 
Thomas, Nathaniel, and three daugh- 
ters. The sons settled near where their 
father had lived. Thomas located in the 



lot west of the Haven fai-ms. Josiah, Jr. , 
married Lydia Whitney, of Petersham, 
Mass., birth-place, Watertown, and 
settled north of Canoe brook, but after- 
wards removed to a farm since known 
as the Henry Cressey place ; thence to 
a place south of the Hollow, on the west 
)?ide of the road at the top of the hill. 
He bought the grist-mill, since owned 
by Joseph Dix, wliich was probably the 
first one built in town. He was major 
in the Revolutionary war. 

His father, sometimes called "^Col. 
Si," was in the French and Indian war. 
Isaac, brother of Josiah, Jr., was born 
Jan. 1, 1750, His birth-place and his 
mother's maiden name are unknown. 
He married Elizabeth Laughton, born 
Mar. 25, 1750, and settled south of Ca- 
noe brook in what has been called the 
Knight pasture and since owned by AVil- 
lard Dodge. Red rose bushes are still 
growing on the old house-spot in the 
pasture west of Edward Chappell's res- 
idence. His brother, Thomas, married 
Abigail Haven and had two children 
that died in childhood. 

Isaac, who married Elizabeth Laugh- 
ton, had two sons : Thomas, b. Mar. 6, 
1783. and Isaac Jr.,b. July 13, 1785. 

After Thomas became of age, he spent 
a few years in a store at Putney. He 
married Margaret Laughton, and lives 
on the paternal farm, taking care of his 
parents and an aged grandmother. Dur- 
ing the winter season, he taught school. 
He did much town business and was 
chosen to the state legislature several 
times. 

Isaac, his brother, studied medicine 
with Dr. Abel Duncan, and closed his 
studies with Dr. Alexander Campbell, 
of Putney. He married, May 7, 1809, 
Phebe Perry, of Putney, born Feb. 5, 
1734, and removed to AVindham, where 
he practiced medicine. Children : 



38 



VERMONT HISTORICAL MAGAZINE 



Phebe P., b. Feb. 3, 1810, married 
1st. Beman Bemis, 2d. Aniasa Clark ; 

Luraney, b. Nov. 23, 1814, d. 1815 ; 

Isaac and Mary, twins, b. July 3, 
1821 ; Isaac m. Fanny Wheeler, Mary 
in. Chester Denison. Both daughters 
went West and are still living. 

Dr. Isaac returned with his family 
to Dummerston and Hved with his un- 
cle. Major Josiah, and caring in part 
for him, as he was helpless from the ef- 
fects of palsy. He was thus afflicted 4 
years before he died. He and his wife, 
were buried in the yard east of the Hol- 
low, beside the graves of Thomsis and 
Nathaniel Boy den. 

Nathaniel, b. Sept. 1730 ; was never 
married; died 1801. 

Major Josiah Jr., was born Feb. 15, 
1744 ; never had any children ; died Jan, 
4, 1818, JE 74, and Lydia, his wife 
Jan. 1837, JE 91 years; 

CAPT. ASA BOYDEN, 

a nephew of Col. Wm. Boyden, born 
Mar. 4,31777, and died Oct. 11, 1848, JE 
71. Martha White, his wife, born Mar. 
28, 1785, died Oct. 11, 1856, JE 71. 
It is a somewhat remarkable incident 
that each were born in the same month 
in different years, died on the same 
day of the same month, in different 
years ; but were each 71 years of age 
at the time of their death. Asa Boy- 
den when quite young, went to live 
with his uncle, Col. Wm. Boyden, who 
had no children. He made Asa his heir, 
who always lived with his uncle Will- 
iam and took care of him and his wife 
in their old age. 

Jonathan Boyden Jr., married Ruth 
Jefferson, Mar. 14, 1787. 

Capt. Asa had a brother, Alvin, that 
lived in Newfane. 

Jabez Butler, married Deliverance 
Whitney. She was sister of Lydia, the 
wife of Josiah Boyden, Jr. Butler lived 



near where James Reed now owns, 
north of the "brook on the west side of 
the road. He removed thence to the old 
tavern where Nelson W^illard now lives. 

The children of Thomas and Marga- 
ret (Laughton) Boyden were : 

Betsey, b. Aug. 13, 1811, m. Church 
Miller; Anna, b. Dec. 23, 1812, died 
Oct. 10, 1823 ; Electa, b. Oct. 11, 1817, 
m. Bradley Bemis ; Margaret married 
Arba Spaulding. 

In 1814, Thomas Boyden bovxght of 
his uncle Josiah Jr., his mill and farm, 
giving him and his wife a life-lease on 
the place, as the old gentleman was 
helpless at that time. After his death, 
about 1819, his widow, Lydia (Whit- 
ney) Boyden, married Cornelius Jones, 
of Chesterfield, N. H., who died in 
Nov. 1823. She died at her nephew's, 
Henry Whitney, in Putney, Jan. 1839, 
JE about 92. 

Judith, a sister of Josiah Jr., mar- 
ried Sylvanus Ballad. He built what is 
now, 1883, the west room of the house 
in which Job Knight lives. About 1792, 
he sold his place to Isaac Boyden, and 
removed to Chesterfield, N. H., where 
his wife, Judith, died July 4, 1806, in 
her 75l]i year. They had several sons 
and a daughter, Elizabeth, who married 
1790, John Day of Chesterfield. A sis- 
ter of Judith Boyden married Mr. Pike 
and lived in Stratton. She was his sec- 
ond wife and had no children. The 
Dummerston records state that Lucy 
Boyden was married to John Butler, 
Oct. 16, 1788, and that Samuel Atwood 
married Hannah Boyden, Nov. 17, 
1788. 

JOSIAH BOYPEN, SEN., 

was a soldier in the French and Indian 
war. On one occasion, he wa-< with a 
company of soldiers sent to rescue a little 
village in the eastern part of Mass., 
from an attack by the Indians, who were 



DUMMERSTON. 



39 



burning the dwellings and killing the 
inhabitants. The soldiers discharged 
their guns at the Indians, killing sever- 
al of them. The Indians then, with a 
savage yell, tiirned upon the soldiers 
with their tomahawks. A stalwart In- 
dian with his weapon of death raised 
above his head, started for Boyden, who 
was a man of superior strength, above 
medium size, quick and bold in the 
pres.'nce of danger. He turned his gun, 
struck the Indian a blow that knocked 
him down, snatched the tomahawk from 
his hand, andsunkit deep into his head, 
•thus dispatching his enemy in an instant. 
His son, Isaac Boyden, served in the 
Revolutionary war, a little more than 
one year. Josiah, Sen., was a black- 
smith ; and in the fall after he settled in 
Dummerston, he built a log-shop, burn- 
ed a coal pit, and began work at his trade. 
One of his arms was somewhat stiff 
from the effects of a wound in or near 
the shoulder, made by the tomahawk of 
an Indian. His shop stood on the west 
side of the brook that runs west of 
Timothy Brown's buildings. The site 
of the shop and old coal-pit near it may 
be seen at the present day. 

The house in which Major Boyden 
lived when he bought the grist-mill at 
the Hollow, was afterward sold to Jo- 
seph Crosby and removed to its present 
location where Franklin Crosby now 
lives. 

During the first year that Isaac and 
Elizabeth Boyden lived on their place 
south of Canoe brook, about 1782, Mrs. 
Boyden, one day, went to the spring, a 
few rods from the house, for a pail of 
water. When she returned in a few 
minutes, she found a large black bear 
in her room looking about to see what 
he could find. The bear had pushed 
open the door, which Mrs. Boyden had 
carelessly left unlatched, and entered 



the house. It was startled by her sud- 
den appearance at the door ; but she 
turned quickly and hurried around the 
outside of the house, thinking that the 
bear would follow her tracks. She judg- 
ed rightly, for on making the circuit 
and reaching the door, she foimd the 
room vacated, dodged in and fastened 
the door against bruin. Looking out the 
window in a few minutes, she saw the 
bear going into the woods, and was hap- 
pily relieved by her stratagem. Some of 
the clothing spun, wove, and made for 
her first child, Thomas, born Mar. 6, 
1783., is in possession of her grand- 
daughter, Mrs. Electa Boyden Bemis, 
having been kept one hundred years. 

Thomas Boyden took the job of rais- 
ing up the old meeting house in 1817, 
and putting beneath granite under-pin- 
ning. He hired Henry Houghton of this 
town, who married Sally Perry, sister 
of Dr. Isaac Boyden's wife to help him. 
Houghton was an excellent mechanic 
and had served 7 years in Montreal to 
learn his trade. He made the pulpit and 
some of the pews in front, in the old 
church. Mr. Boyden learned theart of 
surveying land and was a surveyor ma- 
ny years. After his death the compass 
and chain which he used were sold to 
Samuel Knight. 

MAJOR JOSIAH 

and wife, not having any children, 
took several orphan children to care 
for as their own. The first was his broth- 
er, Thomas's little girl, Lydia, a name- 
sake of his wife. She died at the age of 
3 years. Another child whom they took, 
was Jason Duncan, son of' Daniel and 
Zurvilla Duncan. His father died in the 
Revolutionary war, leaving a wife and 
three young children. The boy was hon- 
est and faithful, and when he died at 
the age of 12 or 13 years, Mr. Boyden 
and wife mourned for him as for their 
own child. His mother died Oct. 30, 



40 



VERMONT HISTORICAL MAGAZINE. 



1812 aged Go. Her (laughter, Zurvilla, 
m. Levi Goddanl. The other daughter, 
Beulah, married her cousin, Jason Dun- 
can and lived in Newfane. Mrs. Dun- 
can was left without a home at the time 
of her husband's death. Isaac Boyden, 
Joseph Temple Jr., and others in that 
neighborhood, built for her, at their own 
-expense, a small house which stood on 
the west side of the road south of the 
Isaac Reed place. She was aided by 
them still more in harvest time, each 
year, as long as she lived. Zurvilla, her 
daughter, learned to weave many dif- 
ferent patterns of table-linen and bed- 
spreads. Beulah, her sister, taught 
.school several terms in that district. 

Dorcas Haile was another child tak- 
•en into the family of Major Boyden. 
:Her mother died and left two little girls. 

Her father lived west of the road not 
.far from where Mrs, Joel Wheeler's 
IlDuildings now stand. She m. Samuel 
Adams, Nov. 7, 1805, and several 
years afterward removed to Brookline. 

GOV. THOMAS CHITTENDEN'S LETTER TO 
MAJOR BOYDEN. 

"Arlington, 3Uth of Dec'r 1784. 
Sir :- In pursuance to 
an act of Assembly past Last October, 
ordering that all the property of Charles 
Phelps, which had been taken from him 
on account of his opposing the author- 
ity of this State and Not disposed of 
for the Benefit of the State, should be 
returned to him on Sartin Conditions, 
Which Conditions has been Complyed 
with on his Part, you. are therefore di- 
rected to Deliver to the s'd Charles 
Phelps His Sword, if you have the 
Same in your Hands, and the Same has 
not been sold or disposed of by author- 
ity for the Benefit of this State." 

I am s'r your H'bl Serv't. 

TIIO'S CHITTENDEN. 
"MAJOR boyden" 

CHARLES PHELPS of Marlborough in 
the Co. of Windham. 

He was highly esteemed for his integ- 
rity and judgment, in all business trans- 



actions. He was often chosen as the 
guardian of orphan children and to set- 
tle the estates of the deceased, which he 
did to the satisfaction of all concerned. 
The widow and the fatherless always 
found him the judicious adviser and the 
faithful friend. 

For a man in the ordinary w^alks of 
life, he had also acquired an uncommon 
knowledge of the condition of the world 
and took a deep interest both in its po- 
litical and moral state, and was especi- 
ally interested in the African race, for 
which he thought others felt far too lit- 
tle, and liis sympathies were decidedly _ 
in favor of the colonization movement. 

COL. vriLLIAM boyden 

was chosen overseer of the poor at the 
first town meeting in 1772, died Sept. 
19, 1822, aged 76. Joanna, his wife, 
died Feb. 5, 1847, aged 92 years. His 
brother, Isaac, died June 9, 1813, aged 
63. Elizabeth, his wife, died Feb. 8, 
1834, aged 84. Thomas, son of Isaac 
was the husband of Margaret Boyden, 
who died Jan. 6, 1879, aged 91 years. 

BARZILLAI RICE, 

one of the fourteen signers for a settlers 
meeting, 1771, was chosen 2d constable 
at the first town meeting, in 1772. His 
wife's name was Silence. No record of 
their deaths. Their children were : 
Oliver, b. Nov. 1765; Hannah, born 
Dec. 1, 1767 ; Barzillai, born Mar. 8, 
1770 ; Lydia, b. Mar. 14, 1772 ; Jeza- 
niah, b. June 1, 1774 ; Reuben, b. Sept. 
3, 1776 ; John, b. Dec. 8, 1778 ; Jo- 
siah, b. Sept. 23, 1781 ; It wdll be seen 
that Oliver Rice was born before the 
twin children of Charles Davenport ; 
also Levi Robinson, son of Ezra and 
SarahRobinson, was born Oct. 21, 1765. 
Hall, in his history relates two or three 
incidents of Bai-zillai Rice's experience 
as deputy sheriff in 1782. 



DLMMERSTON, 



41 



RUFUS SARGEANT. 

One of the fourteen signers for a settlers' 
meeting in 1771, was chosen 1st. con- 
stable in 1772. He died Nov. 23, 1826, 
aged 86. His wife, Susanna, died June 

10, 1774, aged 37 years. 

Their children's names on record are : 
John, b. Dec. 8, 1776; Sally, b. Sept. 
o, 1779 ; Rufus, b. Jan. 9. 1782 : Su- 
auna, b. Apr. ■26, 1784. [ see 'joiin 
iSargeant family papei's, page 21] 

SAMUEL DUTTON JUN.. 
was the sou of Samuel Dutton, aud 
married Rebecca French, sister of Wil- 
liam French killed, in the Westminster 
massacre, aud Nathaniel, Asa and Jo- 
el were her brothers. He died Nov. 21, 
1829, aged 87. Rebecca, his wife, died 
Jidy 25, 1809, aged 60 years. Their 
children were : 

Rhoda, b. Mar. 21. 1771, m. Peleg 
Winslow Feb. 16, (794; 

Samuel, b. Oct. 28, 1772, married 
Abigail Hodgskins of Dover, died Feb. 
18, 1835; 

David, b. July 25, 1774. died Oct. 

11, 1774: 

William, b. Aug. 27,1775. d. Apr. 

26, 1791 ; 

Betsey, b. Aug. 26, 1777, m. Steph- 
en Woodbury Feb. 17, 1798, d. July 

27, 1837; 

Lucy, b. Jau. 29, 1781, married 
John Woodbury, died Dec. 25, 1825 ; 

Rebecca, b. July 22, 1783, married 
Ithamar Chamberlain, June 15, 1863 ; 

Sally, b. Sept. 26, 1785, m. Silas 
Whitcomb ; 

Philiuda. b. Nov. 9, 1791, m. Dr. 
Isaac N. Knapp, d. Jan. 15, 1835. 

Tlie ancestors of 

SAMUEL DUTTON SEN., 

a first settler in Dummerston, were 
residents of Billerica, Mass., where he 
was born, Oct. 15, 1718. He descend- 
ed from Samuel Dutton 3. John 2, and 
6 



Thomas 1 . His parents were Samuel 
and Hannah (Hill) Dutton, married 
about 1713. Their eldest child, John, 
was born 0<'t. IS. 1715. She was a 
widow when married to Mr. Dutton. 
Her tatlier was Joseph Walker. 

Samuel of Dummers.ou. married in 
Bedford, Aug. 19. 1740, Martha Lane, 
b. in Billerica, Mar. 17. 1721. Their 
children, born in Bedford (formerly a 
part of Billerica), were Pattee, b. Apr. 
10, 1742: Samuel, b. July 11, 1713; 
Hannah, b. Apr. 21, 1745 : Seth, born 
Apr. 9, 1747: David; Stephen ; and 
Asa, born 1759. No record of others. 

The family came to Dummerston 
with four sous before 1770. David m. 
Polly Higgius, 1782 ; Stephen's wife is 
not named in the record ; Asa m. Polly 
Tarble about 1783. He died Feb. 11, 
1836, aged 76 ; Polly, his wife, died 
Apr. 22, 1827, aged 68. Their children 
were Polly, b. Oct. 23,1785; Patty, 
b. Aug. 3, 1787 ; Susan, born June 8. 
1789 ; Asa, b. May 13, 1791 ; Sibyl, 
b. Jan. 4, 1793 ; Sally, born Mar. 2, 
1796; Lucy, b. Dec. 17, 1797; Steph- 
en, b. June 24, 1801. Asa Dutton '2d 
died Mar. 23, 1868, aged 76 yrs. the 
same age as his father when he died. 
Mary, his wife, died Dee. 4, 1864. 

Samuel and Martha Dutton settled 
on lot No. 74, now the well-known 
Rice farm, which he sold in 1777, with 
improvements, to Ephraim Rice for 
$500, and in the same year, bought of 
Jonathan Knight lot No. 49, whei-e he 
remained, during life. He was living 
in 1802, and his wife, Martha, in 1786 
when the farm was deeded in equal 
shares to Asa and Stephen. 

Samuel Jr. bought of proprietors in 
1770. lot No. 122 (in the Hague). He 
sold it in 1782, and purchased lot No. 
51, the farm where Daniel W. Gates 
now lives. It wfis his home the rest 



42 



VERMONT HISTORICAL MAGAZINE. 



of life. He married, late in life, Anna 
(Nancy) Chamberlain of Chesterfield, 
N. H., for his second wife, who sur- 
vived him 33 years, and died Oct. 20, 
1862, aged 87. He left considerable 
property for his family. 

Samuel, lived half a mile north of his 
father's residence, where no buildings 
are now standing, but an orchard of 
young apple trees sin-rounds the locality. 

ALONZO DUTTON, 

whose portrait is here given was born 
Aug. 20, 1803. 

Winslow, b. 1805 ; Mary, b. 1808, 
m. Oct. 7, 1833, Daniel P. Kingsley, 
of Brattleboro, died July 18, 1851 ; 

Cylinda, b. Feb. 27, 1812, m. Mar. 
27, 1830, Manor Smith ; Mannasseh, 
b. Aug, 1823, died Sept. 14, 1850. 

Mr. Dhtton bought Sept. 6, 1819, 
the farm near Connecticut river which 
Alonzo, his son, has owned many years. 

He married Oct. 25, 1827, Harriet, 
daughter of Enos Goss, who died June 
9, 1872, M 65. Children : 

Adin A., b. Oct. 28, 1828, and Sarah 
F., b. July 17, 1837, d. Dec. 12, 1859. 
He married 2d, Mary, widow of 
George Hildreth, June 12, 1873. 

Adin A. married Jan. 1, 1850, Fan 
ny M., daughter of John Kathan, and 
lives with his family, in the two-story 
house on the parental farm which he 
and his son, Myron F., have managed 
several years. Children : Mary E. died 
young; Myron F. ; Hattie A., married 
Adin F. Miller ; and Jennie F. 

They make the ninth generation, of 
the Dutton family, as here I'ecorded, — 
the whole record covering a period of 
nearly 250 years. 

Alonzo Dutton was town representa- 
tive in 1854, and has been selectman 7 
years. He and his wife are pleasantly 
situated near his son's residence, and, 
being past hard labor, he takes pride in 



the cultivation of the finest garden in 
town, in which are grown several vari- 
eties of choice grapes. He has been" 
prospered -A a farmer and gained a 
competence for old age by a life of hard 
work and habits of economy. His son 
and grand -son have made many im- 
provements on the farm. The well-built 
slate stone walls along the roadside, the 
well cultivated and productive fields, 
the neat-looking buildings, shaded iu 
part by rows of stately maples, are ev- 
idences of good management by pro- 
gressive and diligent farmers. 

ASA DUTTON, 

died Feb. 11, 1836, M 76; Polly, his 
wife, died Apr. i'l, 1827, M 68. Their 
children were : 

Polly, b. Oct. 23, 1785 ; Patty, born 
Aug. 8, 1787 \ Susan',b. June 8, 1789 ; 

Asa, b. May 13, 1791 ; Sibyl, born 
Jan. 4, 1793 ; Sally, b. Mar. 2, 1796 ; 

Lucy, b. Dec. 17, 1797; Stephen, 

born June 24, 1801. Asa Dutton 2d. 

died Mar. 23, 1868, M 76 ; [see page 

40] Mary, his wife d. Dec. 4, 1864, 

aged 68. 

NATHANIEL FRENCH, 
settled in Dummerston, on what is call- 
ed the"Luke Norcross" place, in 1768. 
He was brother of William French, kill- 
ed at the Westminster massacre, also 
of Asa, who married Mary Rice Apr. 
17, 1783, Rebecca, who married Sam'I 
Dutton. Joel, who married Polly Bailey 
Oct, 29, 1794. Asa and Mercy French 
were the parents of Jonathan French, 
who died in this town, Jan. 18, 1864 aged 
73. 

NATHANIEL FRENCH SEN., 

the father of William, killed at West- 
minster, and Nathaniel Jr. , died June 8 , 
1801, aged 81 years. He was born in 
Billerica, Mass., Feb. 2, 1720, and de- 
scended from William 3., John 2., Wil- 
liam 1. His mother, Elizabeth Frost, 




^^yttoiYW C^ C^M^^i^^ 



DUMMER8T0N. 



43 



was bora in tlie same town, Aug. 31, 
1723, davi. of William 3., James 2., 
James 1. They were married vSept. 28, 
1744. Elizabeth (or Betsey), his wife, 
diodSept. 20, 1777. One Joanna French 
died Sept. 9, 1800, nged 72. One Jon- 
athan French with two other boys. Frost 
and Richardson from Billerica, were kill- 
ed by the Indians June 16, 1748, while 
on their way from Hinsdale east of the 
Connecticut river, to Fort Dummer. 

Nathaniel P'rench Sen. was a resi- 
lient of Brattleboro at the time his son 
was killed. In 1784, his house was the 
most north-eastern dwelling in that town 
and was very near the southern line of 
Dummerston. The name Nathaniel 
French appears in the census of 1771, 
in the list of both to^\'Tis, and Hall, in 
his History of Eastern Vermont, makes 
the mistake of supposing there was 
only one Nathaniel P'rench whose name 
was twice recorded, being claimed by 
both to^^^lS. 

The fact is, that father and son had the 
same name, the former residing in Brat- 
tleboro, the latter in Dummerston, when 
the ce]isus was taken. The French fam- 
ly in 1769, resided in Fort Dummer, 
but afterward, removed to the home in 
which they lived in 1784. Th-:! site of 
the French house formed a part of the 
farm known in 1857 as "the old Will- 
ington place," since owned by Church 
Miller and now owned in 1881 by Milton 
Miller. 

The son came to this town when 21 
years of age, marked out and cleared up 
the land which made him a good farm 
near West river. The large button- wood 
tree now standing in front of the house 
was set out by him. Betty, his wife was 
a widow Duncan. Mrs. Norcross, the 
grand-daughter, lived and died on the 
old homestead. The blood of William 
French, shed at Westminster, was the 



first blood slied in the Revolutionary 
war. Frank Moor, Esq., the genial 
editor of the Songs and Ballads of the 
American Revolution "had in his pos- 
session a ballad published in 1779, in 
which reference is made to the death of 
William French, as follows : 

"But Vengeance let us Wreak my Boj> 
For Matron, Maid, and Spinster; 
Wliose joys are fled whose Homes are sad, 
For the Youtli of Red Westminster." 

The children of Nathaniel Sen. and 
Betsey French were Betsey, b. March 
13, 1776, d. May 16, 1776; Samuel, 
b. Mar. 13, 1777 ; 

William, b. Oct. 9, 1778 ; Plphraim, 
b. June 24, 1780; Betsey, b. Oct. 27, 
1782 ; Lydia, b. July 9, 1784 ; 

Ollie, b. Mar, 10, 1786; Nathaniel, 
b. Nov. 17, 1789. 

Nath'l P>ench Sen. died June 10, 
1511, aged 64 ; his wife died Mar. 10, 
1828. aged 72 years. Samuel, son of 
Nathaniel Sen. m. Sarah Gates, June 
15, 1800; William m. Lydia Esta- 
brook, Oct. 4, 1801 ; Ephraim married 
Priscilla Duncan Oct. 14, 1804 ; 

Betsey m. Jesse Manley Sept. 27, 
1810; Lydia m. Amasa Manley Jan. 
26, 1806 ; Ollie m. Moses Roel, Nov. 
•22, 1807 ; Nathaniel m. Sally Walker 
—1811. 

Louisa J'rench, widow of Luke Nor- 
cross, died of typhoid fever, Nov. 17, 
1881, aged nearly 74 years. She was a 
daughter of Ephraim French, and grand- 
daughter of Nathaniel French. 
ISAAC MILLER. 

The original survey parchment of the 
town of Dummerston, made in 1767, is 
signed by Ebenezer Waters. Nearly 
all the parchment is much faded. Prob- 
ably Isaac Miller was one of the compa- 
ny who made the survey, as he was em- 
ployed that year by the heirs of the 
late Gov. Dummer to lay out the town- 
ship called Dummerston. If Isaac Mil- 



44 



VERMONT HISTORICAL MAGAZINPL 



ler had any claim or right to the town- 
ship of Walpole, N. H., as sta ed in a 
biographical sketch of Major Charles 
Dana Miller of Newark, Ohio, and it 
must have been long before ''1763,'' 
for John Kilburn purchased "'the 
whole" township and was a settler 
there in 1749, according to the history 
of Walpole, published in 1880. 

The history of Northfield, Mass., 
records the event that "John Kilbuin 
started from Weathersfield, in 1740, 
.stopped at Northfield with his family 
where he was taxed 1 741 , and then mov- 
ed onto No. 3 (Walpole). The town 
was chartered and organized in 1752. 
from Avhich time officers for the town 
have been chosen annually, and so late 
as 1763, about 15 families resided in 
the place. 

Col. Benjamin Bellows, who it is clain:- 
ed, got the land away from Miller after 
he had rightfully obtained it, had trouble 
with Kilburn ; but he bravely replied, 
''No ! 1 bought the whole and paid for 
it, and it is all mine, and I will have all 
or none." May it not be that the follow- 
ing letter, written by Isaac Miller, ex- 
plains the whole trouble he had about 
the ownership of land ? The letter was 
taken from the papers of Col. Isi-ael 
Williams, now in the Mass. Historical 
Society at Boston. The writer is in- 
debted to Hon. George Sheldon of Deer- 
field, Mass. for a copy of the letter for 
this publication, and he wrote : 

"I give you the paper just as I cop- 
ied it, some part an abstract, some ver- 
batim, only I did not follow the spelling, 
as I should, were I to publish it." 

Sept. 4, 1772, Isaac Miller writes to 
Col. Israel Williams as the last survivor 
of 16 to whom was granted the 'Equiv- 
alent Lands above Fort Dummer. He 
has a copy of the deed from Connecticut 
and has been informed there was a 



deed frum the natives of the same land 
to 16 gentleman, but of larger extent, 
that both deeds had been confirmed by 
the Board of Trade & Plantation. 

"I was employed some years agone 
by (tov. Dummer to take care of the 
above farm to see that the timber was 
not destroyed & the owners had 
ag eed with me to lay out one part of the 
above said farm into a township but the 
Avars with the French &Indians prevent- 
ed any further pi'oeeedings at that time 
So all things lay dormant untell the death 
of Gov. Dummer & the wars ceased & 
the heirs of Gov. Dummer employed me 
again to lay out a part of said farm into 
a township in the year 1767 & my hav- 
ing a large family caused m.- to remove 
from Worcester to the P^quivalent farm 
and settled a town in said farm called 
Dummerston, not thinking but our title 
was as good as any in the British Do- 
minions. But Col [Samuel] Wells 
agent from New York came and deman- 
ded $1440 for a new Patent with a quit 
rent of 2s (kl each 100 acres. I told our 
people I should do no such thing. We 
had a good title from Conn. , the natives, 
and a charter from New Hampshire, 
I shall not go to York for a Patent, but 
Wells and his Yorkers try all that lies 
in their power to disturb us and make 
dissenters among us." Begs advice, in- 
formation & assistance from him & 
Col. Patridge. "Our lines have fallen in 
arbitrary places (Gennings Patent) 
these Jacobites are pleased to call our 
lands." &c. 

Tlie Equivalent Lands were sold at 
Hartford, 24th and 25th of Apr. 1716 
in 16 shares to 21 persons among whom 
were Anthony Stoddard, Esq., Boston, 
William Brattle, Cambridge, clerk,- 1 
share each ; William Dummer, Boston,, 
merchant, his brother, Dr. Jeremiah 
Dummer, one half share each. The 
shares were allotted in June 1 716. The 
whole of the land alluded to as Dummer 
was known by the name of Dummerston 
previous to 1753, when the Equivalent 
Lands together with a "considerable 
quantity of other lands," surveyed by 



DUMMERNTON. 



45 



.Joseph Blanchard of" Amherst, N. H., 
in the year 1750, were divided into three 
townships one of which was called FuU- 
uni. The name was changed back to 
Diunmerston to commemorate the name 
of \Vm. Dummer, the oldest proprietor 
who died 1761, aged 74 yrs. The town 
was called by both names about 25 years, 
the time of the charter. The large family 
of Isaac Miller refered to in his letter, 
when he removed to Mass. in 1770, 
numbered 12 children. 

PAPEK FOR THE MILLER FAMILY, FROM 

MR. MILLER OF NEWARK. 
MILLER : MAJOR CHARLES DANA, waS 

born in Mt. Vernon, Ohio, September 
^^, 1836, and moved to Newark in the 
spring of 1857. His family has an an- 
I'ient and honorable lineage, dating back 
over two hundred years in America, and 
ante-dating from its emigration to Amer- 
ica into traditional genealogy another 
centuiT in Scotland. 

The Millers, of Scotland, were of Sax- 
on origin, and followed the leadership of 
Edward, who conquered the Picts and 
foanded Edinburgh, A. D. 449. The 
liistory of the family is rather obscure, 
imtil about the year 1600, when the 
country was distracted by civil Avar, as- 
suming a religious character between 
Protestantism and Catholicism. The 
Millers took sides with the Protestants, 
and later with the Presbyterians or Cov- 
enanters, when persecuted by James the 
First, in his efforts to establish Episco- 
pacy. The laws against Presbyterianism 
were so abitrary that it led to great dis- 
order and opposition by the inhabitance, 
and many personal encounters passed be- 
tween the liberty-loving Scots and the 
minions of the king, in the enforcement 
of obnoxious laws. The name of James 
Miller is found twice recorded in a list of 
those who paid fines for transgressing 
the laws in the city of Edinburgh, and 
is recorded in this quaint style : 



"The conipt ofinoiiy resauit in tVa sick persone 
as lies traiisgrest axanest the statutis and orfl- 
enances ofthe icaUl toun; the namis of the per- 
soues that pay it, and soum that evrie man pay 
it, begin ing at Mychelmas. 1608 yiers, till Mych- 
elmas the yierofOod, 1609 yiers, the time of 
thair offices of baill yiers, as follows : James 
Miller, for being found be the gaird, at twelve 
hours at even, with one sword drawin at .James 
Havrie, £1. James Miller, for the bluid wj-te of 
PatrykClialraers, £9 18d." 

The oppression of the Covenanters led 
maay to seek the shores of America 
where they could worship God without 
restraint, and one Senior Miller and his 
son James (who are the direct progini- 
tors of this family in America) , emigra- 
ed from Edinburgh about the year 1660. 
They settled in Charlestown, near Bos- 
ton, and joined the established Presby- 
terian church at that place. We find re- 
corded in the Genealogical dictionary 
of the first settlers of New England. 
••James Miller, the Scotsman, Charles- 
town, admitted to First church, Decem- 
der 17, 1676, and made freeman. May 
2.3, 1677, and died July 14, 1690. His 
wife. Mary, joined the church August 5, 
1677, being baptised that day with her 
eight children — James, Mary, Robert, 
Job, Abraham, Isaac, Mercy and Jane. 
The record of his father's death, Aug 
1, 1688, calls him 'Sen,' an aged Scots- 
man about seventy." 

Isaac Miller, the son of James, remov- 
ed to Concord, Massachusetts, and after- 
wards to Worcester about the year 1718. 
His son Isaac, born in Concord, May 7, 
1708, married in Worcester one Sarah 
Crosby, and reared a large family. In 
1770, the year of the Boston massacre, 
he removed to Dummerston, Vermont, 
which town he surveyed and settled. 
John, the son of Isaac, jr., was born in 
Worcester, December 20, 1756, and liv- 
ed and died a farmer in Dummerston. 
His son, James, who was born in Dum- 
merston, December 16, 1783, emigrated 
to Ohio in 1814, and se tied in Knox 



4(1 



VERMONT HISTORICAL MAGAZINE. 



county, what is now Miller township, 
named in his honor. His son, James 
Warner, born in Dummerston, Vermont. 
July 8, 1807, settled first in Newark, 
about the year 1826, afterwards in Mt. 
Vernon, where he married in 1833, and 
raised a large family, the second son of 
which, Charles D. Miller, is the subject 
of this sketch. 

The genealogical order of the eight gen- 
ei-ations as far as authenticated, will then 
stand as follows : First, Sen. Miller, 
born in Edinburgh, Scotland, about 
1613 ; second, James Miller, born in 
J^dinburgh, Scotland, about 1640 ; third, 
Isaac Miller, born in Charlestown, 
Massachusetts, about 1670; fourth, 
Isaac Miller, jr., born in Concord, 
Massachusetts, in 1708 ; fifth, John 
Miller, born in Dummerston, Vermont, 
in 1783 ; seventh, James Warner Miller, 
born in Dummerston, Vermont, in 1807 ; 
eighth, Charles Dana Miller, born in 
Mt. Vernon, Ohio, in 1836. 

In order to present the history of this 
family more in detail we must return to 
the Scotish ancestors. 

Many of the Scotch Millers attained 
eminence in literature and science. The 
ancestors of Hugh Miller, the great ge- 
ologist, were a seafaring race. Among 
the great writers were John Miller, of 
Lanarkshire, professor of law in the 
university of Glasgow ; James Miller, 
of Ayr, physician and chemist, and ed- 
itor of the fourth edition of the Encyclo- 
pedia Britanica ; James Miller, professor 
of surgery in the university at Edin- 
burgh ; Thomas Miller, of Glenlee, 
baron and lord justice clerk of court of 
sessions. 

The ancient coat of arms of this fam- 
ily, adopted by the various Scotch 
branches, bears a similarity in the chief 
points of the field ; the only variations 
appearing in minor objects in the divisi- 



sions according to the fancy of the bear- 
er, or as conferred by heraldic law. The 
chief points, as borne by all the Scotch 
families, are : first, the color of the shield 
(white) ; second, the Moline cross, 
which represents the figure of the iron 
that supports the upp>ir mill stone ; 
third the wavy bar in the base, and last, 
the mullet, or rowel of a spur. A descrip- 
tion of the arms borne by the American 
branch of the family, as near as can be 
authenticated, and as expressed in herald- 
ic terms, is as follows : Argent, a cross 
moline, azure. In chief, second, bordure 
of three cinquefoils, gules, lozenge be- 
tween two mullets ; sinster chief lozenge 
between two mulett. In fessee, hand 
with fii St and second fingers extended, 
two arms with hands clasped, moline 
cross, sable, between four hearts ; in 
base wavy bands of vert ; crest, lion 
rampant with moline cross, sable, be- 
tween paws motto. Optima CoeJo, Urri- 
one Augetur. 




A very complete record has been 
preserved of the family of Isaac Miller, 
jr., the grandson and great-grandson 
of the Scotish emigrants. He was a 
staunch Republican in the troublesome 
times preceding the outbreak of the 
Revolution. Being a surveyor by pro- 
fession, he became useful in the settlement 



DUMMERSTON. 



47 



of the then new country north of Mass- 
aehusetts, but his enterprises met with 
disaster through the machinations of the 
tools of the king, who had set a mark 
upon all Republicans. In 1763, he, 
with others, were granted a township of 
land in New Hampshire, which they 
settled and payed for, but by a subterfuge 
the British court, then in session in 
Worcester, re-granted it to General 
Bellows, a tory. He moved his family 
in 1770, to Dummerston, Vermont, 
which town he surveyed and settled. 
Isaac Miller, jr., had twelve children. 
Vespatian was a soldier in the old French 
war, and afterwards followed the sea. 
Hosea was a farmer. Rosanna married 
Major Joseph Negus, of Petersham. 
Among her descendants are Mrs. Gen'l 
R. B. Marcy, Mrs. General George B. 
McClellan, Mrs. Major W. B. Rossell, 
of the United States army. Sarah mar- 
ried Silas Wheeler, of Petersham. Til- 
lotson emigrated to New York State. 
Patience married Dr. Thomas Amsden, 
of Petersham. Joseph was a soldier of 
the war of the Revolution, and served 
seven yeai-s with distinction, being pro- 
moted to the rank of major, and merited 
the friendship and confidence of Gen'l 
Washington. Isaac was a captain in the 
Revolution, and was badly wounded 
early in the war near Boston. Marshall 
was a farmer and left many descendants. 
John, the great-grandfather of the 
subject of this sketch, was a Revolution- 
ary soldier, and subsequently became 
very prominent as a citizen of Vermont. 
Catharine married a Mr. Knapp and 
reared a large family. William, the 
youngest, was a soldier in the latter part 
of the Revolution and rose to the rank 
of major, 

John Miller, who was born in Wor- 
cester, Massachusetts, December 20, 
1756, had eight children — Lewis, 



James, Levi, Sally, Polly, Rosanna, Su- 
san, and John B. Rosanna and Susao 
are still living — the former eighty-six 
and the latter eighty-four years of age. 
James ^Miller, who was born in Dum- 
merston. Vermont, Dec. 16, 1783, was 
educated at Williams college. In the 
war of 1812 he was a member of the 
company of Captain Hayes — the father 
of President Hayes. He emigrated to 
Ohio in 1814, andAvas six weeks mak- 
ing the journey in wagons. He bought 
of the government a section of land in 
what is now Miller township, Knox 
county, which was then a howling wil- 
derness. James Miller was a gentleman 
of culture and highly esteemed by his 
neighbors for his sterling worth, indus- 
try, and enterprise He married Sarah 
Warner, the eldest sister of Luke K. 
Warner, of NeAvark. They were mar- 
ried in 1806, near Wardsborough, Ver- 
mont, eight years before their depart- 
ure for the West. She was an accom- 
plished and educated young lady, of 
rare personal beauty, and seemingly 
too tender for the hardships of pioneer 
life, but she lived to see the primeval 
forest on her husband's land replaced 
by smiling and fruitful fields. They 

reared a family of eleven children 

James Warner, Madison, Volney, Hen- 
ry H., Mary M., Rosanna W., John 
F., Harriet M., Sarah Warner, Dana, 
and Lucinda A. Of this family now re- 
siding in Newark may be mentioned 
James Warner, his sons, Charles D. 
and Philip D. ; two daughters, Eliza- 
beth V. and Susan R. ; John F. Miller 
and one son, Edwin S. ; also, Mrs. H. 
C. Bostwick, daughter of Madison Mil- 
ler. 

James Warner, the eldest, Avas born 
in Vermont, July 8, 1807, and emigra- 
ted to Ohio with his father. In 1826 he 
went to Newark and engaged Avith his 



48 



VERMONT HISTORICAL MAGAZINE. 



uncle, Willard Warner, who kept the 
old "Green House," on the present site 
of the Park liotel. In 1830, he moved 
to Mt. Vernon and engaged in business. 
In 1833, he married Mary G. Bryant, 
daughter of Gilman Bryant, Esq., one 
of the pioneers of Knox county. He 
reared a family of ten children — James 
Bryant, Charles Dana, Elizabeth V., 
Edward Stanley, Sarah AVamer, Phil- 
ip Dennis, Mary Gilman, Francis 
Warner, Jennie Ella, and Susan R. 
James Warner Miller engaged in busi- 
ness in Mt. Vernon for over forty years, 
and was widely known as one of the 
most industrious and enterprising mer- 
chants. He removed to Newark in the 
spring of 1879, where he now resides. 
This closes the succession of the pa- 
ernal ancestors of Charles Dana Mil- 
ler. 

His maternal ancestors were also of 
old revolutionary stock. His mother, 
Mary Gibiian Bryant, was the daugh- 
ter or Gilman Bryant, a pioneer of 
Knox county, whose father, David 
Bryant, was an officer in the Revolu- 
olution, and a cousin of William CuUen 
Bryant, the poet. David Bryant married 
Mary Gilman, the daughter of Colonel 
Jeremiah Gilman, in whose regiment 
(the New Hampshire line) he served. 
The genealogy of the New Hampshire 
Gilman's is thus narrated : 

In May, 1638, Edward Gilman, with 
his wife, three sons, two daughters and 
three servants, came from Norfolk coun- 
ty, England, in the ship called the "De- 
light," of Ipswich, and settled in Hing- 
ham, Massachusetts. Moses, the third 
son of Edward Gilman, lived in New 
Market, New Hampshire, and had six 
sons Captain Jeremiah, born in 1660, 
had Thomas, Andrew, Joseph and oth- 
ers. The last two sons were captured 
by the Indians, in 1709, and taken to 



Canada. At a war-dance, Joseph was 
burnt. Andrew was sold to the French, 
and imprisoned, but obtained favor of 
the governor and was permitted to work 
for wages until he earned a sum suffi- 
cient to purchase his freedom. He re- 
turned to his old home, married, and 
had one son — Jeremiah — and three 
daughters. Jeremiah was born about 
the year 1721. When the Revolutionary 
war broke out, he was commissioned a 
colonel and commanded a regiment in 
the New Hampshire line. His daughter, 
Mary Gilman, married Lieutenant Da- 
vid Bryant, who served in his father-in- 
law's regiment during the war. Lieuten- 
ant Bryant was the great-grandfather 
of the subject of this sketch. 

The genealogical successions of the 
nine generations in this line, therefore, 
stand as follows : First, Edward Gil- 
man, born in Norfolk, England, about 
1600 ; second, Moses Gilman, born in 
Norfolk, England, about 1630; third 
Jeremiah Gilman, born in New Mark- 
et, N. H., in 1660; fourth, Andrew 
Gilman, born in New Market, New 
Hampshire, 1690; fifth, Jeremiah Gil- 
man (second), born in New Market, 
New Hampshire, about 1720; sixth, 
Mary Gilman, born in Vermont, about 
1760 ; seventh, Gilman Bryant, born 
in Vermont, 1784 ; eighth, Mary Gil- 
man Bryant, born inMt. Vernon, Ohio, 
1814 ; ninth, Charles D. Miller, born 
in Mt. Vernon, Ohio, 1836. 

Nicholas Gilman, who was a dele- 
gate to the convention in 1787, and sign- 
ed the constitution of the United States, 
and the Hon. John Taylor Gilman, gov- 
ernor of New Hampshire, were descend- 
ants of EdAvard Gilman. Governor 
Lewis Cass was a descendant of Moses 
Gilman. 

Charles Dana Miller received a good 
academic education, which he greatly 



DrMMERSTON. 



49 



improved in after life by muck reading 
and travel. He moved to Newark iu 
1857, and engaged in business with: 
Luke' K. Warner, doing a large and 
successful trade in the grain products 
of the county. When the war broke 
out in ISCl, he enlisted as a, private in 
•Captain C'oman's company C, Seventy- 
sixth Ohio regiment, and was succes- 
sively promoted ibr meiitoricus seiviott 
to first sergeant, sergeant major, first 
lieutenant and adjutant, captain and 
major by brevet. The latter rank was 
conferred by the President of the Uni- 
ted States. He was of light frame and 
delicate and nervous temperament, and 
seemingly ill adapted to endure the pri- 
vations of a soldier's life, but in his 
ease, as well as in many others, actual 
service proved that physic^.) proportions 
and strength were counterbalanced by 
spirit and energy. During his whole 
term of service of three years and a 
month he never permitted himself to be 
excused from duty, althougJi sufiTering 
physical disability, contracted by his 
devotion to the service. He was twice 
slightly wounded, at Vicksburg and 
Resaca, but continued on duty without 
reporting his wounds. He was engaged 
in the battles of Fort D ^nelson and 
Shiloh with credit, and during the Siege 
of Corinth, when the adjutant of the 
regiment and adjutant general of the 
brigade succumbed to disease, he w-as 
detailed to perform their duties, at the 
same time he performed the arduous 
work as orderly of his company. Itw^as 
here that his qualifications pointed the 
road to promotion, and his commanling 
officer, without solicitation, obtained a 
commission for him as adjutant of the 
regiment, to fill the vacancy of the late 
adjutant, who had resigned. He contin- 
ued to perform the duties of adjutant 
for nearly two years, never missing a 



dress parade while with the regiment. 
In 1864, when his regiment re-enlisted as 
veterans he was promoted to a captain- 
cy, and placed in command of his old 
company C. He commanded this com- 
pany through the active, glorious Atlan- 
ta campaign, and iu Aug. 1804, was 
appointed acting assistant inspector gen- 
ei-al, performing the laborious service 
pertaining to that otfice in a large brig- 
ade of nine regiments. 

Major Miller commanded the highest 
esteem and confidence of the colonel of 
his regiment. He was conspicuous for 
his devotion to the cause of the Union 
ai'ms in battle and in camp. At Arkan- 
sas Post he w^as mentioned in special, 
orders for his gallantry. At Atlanta, 
on the twenty second of July, 1864, he 
led his company in advance of the reg- 
iment, bearing the colors, and in the 
face of a scorching fire, drove the ene- 
my from earthworks and re-captured a 
fine battery of parrot guns. 

He presented a conspicuous target in 
this engagement, but escaped the mis- 
siles aimed at him. His first lieuteutant 
(Arnold) was shot three times by his 
side. At Ships Gap, while on the staflt" 
of Colonel Milo Smith, he directed the 
flank movement which resulted in the 
capture of two South Carolina compa- 
nies. 

On the twenty-eighth of July, near 
Atlanta, he stood for four hours en- 
couraging his men while breasting a 
fearful storm of musketry to which the 
regiment was subjected. The lists of en- 
gagements he participated iu numbers 
forty or fifty, but the principle battles 
and sieges which will be prominent in 
history, may be mentioned : 
Fort Donelson, Shiloh, Siege of Cor- 
inth, Chickasaw Bayou, Arkansas 
Post, Siege of Vicksburg, Jackson, 
Dallas. Resaca, Kenesaw Mountain, 



50 



VT:K5rONr HrSTORICAL MAGAZJWE. 



Atlanta, Juiy 22d and Jonesborough. j decidedly toward the study of a profes- 
Atter the expiisatioii of his term of; sion instead of mercantile pursuits. He- 



service he received axj honorable dis- 
eharg , November 18,. 1864. The war 
practically ended in the West at tliat , more ar 
lime. He returned to Newark ami again 
sngaged in his former biisiness- 

In May, 1865, he m^vrried Lucy Gil- 
man Jewett, datighter of David D. and 
Lucy Jewett, of Newark. She was a 
noble woman, a devoted Christian, a 
fond wife and mother. This union, so 
promising of long happiness, terminated 
in her early death, which oceiuTed Jan, 
2, 1869, leaving two infant children — 
daughter and son — Lucy Jewett, born 
Marca 4, 1866, and Charles Dion, born 
November 17, 1867. 
In 1875-76,. he engaged in the commis- 
sion business in Chicago, retaining, how- 
ever, a branch business at Newark. In 
r877, he returned to Newark and con- 
einued in th'C grain trade, under tr.e firm 
oame of Miller & Root, and is at the 
present time transacting a lai*ge business 
in the products of the county. Major 
Miller has always been ;in out-spoken 
adherent to ihe principles he fought for 
during the war, and although he has 
never aspired to civil office, he has been 
somewhat conspicuous in his advocacy 
of" stalwart Republicanism." He has 
taken a lively interest in the organiza- 
tions and re-unions of ex-soldiers, being 
one of the first projectors of the Soldier's 
society of Licking county, through whose 
instrmiientality the great re-anion was 
held in 1878. 

He has been continuously elected 
the secretary of the society, and he pre- 
pared, and had published, the admirable 
report of the gi'eat re-union which gives 
a very complete record of Licking coun- 
ty's participation in the war for the 
Union. 

Major Miller's early inclinations were 



inherited a; taste for drawing and paint- 
ing, and 1ms fWlowed the nttlufral bent^ 



ss in an amateur way dur- 
ing his leisure nuoments. His eye is al- 
most perfect in> its coirqirehension of 
forms, distances and colors with rare 
taste for landscape gardening and ru- 
ral asdornnxent. He has been- an in- 
dustrious student of science and liistory ^ 
his nsind favoring^ geological research 
more than any other. He has^ writtem 
many able articles for the press upoiE 
subjeets m barmo tjy with his tastes. 

In religion he was brought up in the- 
doctrines and faith of the Protestant 
Episcopal church, and became a mem- 
ber of that dent)minaton before entering" 
the army, but his general religious views'- 
are of the irtost liberal character, free 
from bigotry and disposed to reconcile 
and harmonize religion w"ith science m 
its broadest sense. 



PAPER FOR MILLER FAMILY KESUMED" 
BY MR. MANSFIELD. 

The motto of the Miller family page 
46, may be translated, the best thing; 
under Heaven is increased by imion. 

CAPT. VESPASIAN MILLER, 

was born June 2, 1740, m. Abigail 
Church, bo7-n Jan. 28, 1744. She died 
Feb. 3, 1802, of consumption, JE 58. 
He died July 9, 1812. Children : 

Anna m. Elijah Rice ; Abigail, m. 
Calvin Sargeant ; Sarah married John 
Laughton ; Lovinna m. Solomon Wild- 
er, of Brattleboro ; George m. Nov. 30V 
1801, Dolly, dau. of Elias Wilder ; Jo- 
seph, b. Mar. 21, 1780, m. Elizabeth 
Wilson, Feb. 2, 1806 ; Edward, bora 
Aug. 1785, m. Beulah Burnham, His 
son, Joel Miller lives on the parental 
farm. Mrs. Vespasian Miller was of 
Swedish origin. 

The children of Joseph and Eliza- 



DUMMEESTON, 



ol 



abeth Avere David, b. 1806, d. 1811. 
Vespasian Cliurdi, b. Nov. 2-6, ISOS, 
IB. Betsey Boy den ; 

ElizabetJi, b. Nov. 27, 1811, m. Ir-a 
Ormsbee ; 

Temperance, h. ISl-i, d. young; Jo- 
:seph, b. Mai-. 3, 1817, m. 1st E.iza 
Reed, 2d Sophia Arms. 

• Lavinna, b. May 21, 1819, married 
William Knapp : Hai-riet, b. 1821, d. 
JE 6. 

Joseph Miller now lives on tlie old 
homestead of Capt. Vespasian, whidi 
is also the parental farm. He isthepres- 
<eijt town clerk and has been chosen for 
33 consecutive years. In his possession, 
is an old Log-Book called The English 
Pilot, which his grandfather used when 
he followed the sea. It was printed by 
Thomds Page and Willijun Mount at 
the Postern on Tower Hill, London, and 
is dated, 1st part 1731, 2d 1732. The 
size of the book is 18 inches by 12, and 
two inches in thickness. 

Isaac Miller, father of Vesptisian, 
removed his family from Worcester, 
Mass., to Dummerston, Mar. 5, 1770, 
The following sketch of him, is in 
Ward's History of Shrewsbury, Mass. 
isaac Miller, whose wife was Sarah, 
had Vespasian born June 1740. "Isaac 
Miller above the pond, was highwa\ 
surveyor in 1 760, and living on house 
i<ot No. 27, in 1728. 

HOSEA MILLER, 
son of Isaac Miller, married Lydia West, 
June 3, 1766 ; moved from Richmond 
Mass., to Dummerston in 1770; died 
May 7, 1 796, ^ 54. His wife died Sept. 
23, 1800, aged 54 years. Their childi-en 
were: Vespacian, b. Mar. 12, 1767; 
Martin, b. April 12, 1769; Sylvanus, 
b. Dec. 4, 1771 ; Hosea, b. May 21, 
1774; Lydia, b. Sept. 15, 1776, died 
Sept. 30, 1777 ; 

Lydia 2d, b. Nov. 8, 1778, married 



Dr. Abel Duncan, died in Shelburne, 
Mass., May 1, 1869, JE 90yrs. 6mos., 
and was buried in Dummerston ; Johm 
Chamberlain, b. May 4, 1781 ; Polly, 
b. June 22, 1784; Electa, b. Jan. 15, 
1787; Louis, b. Mar. 18, 1790. 

Lydia, who married Dr. Duncan, 
remembered distinctly a circumstance 
that took place on her father's farm in 
1787, or soon after Shay's Rebellion, 
Two men, who were refugees of that re- 
bellion, boar ed at her father's a few 
weeks, and, ia makiug themselves use- 
ful, set out a aumber of young apple- 
trees in. the orchard near the house. 
Six of those trees are now standing. 
One was recently. May 1879, cut down 
and measured 34 inches in diameter and 
9 feet ai'ound it. 

BENJAMIN JONES 

was one of the officers chosen at the first 
town meeting in 1772. His age and date 
of death are not known. Obedience, his 
wife, died Dec. 5, 1791. Benjamin 
Jones Jr. married M:s. Susanna Bald- 
win Apr. 8, 1774. Sh3 was the mother 
of 12 children, three by her first mar- 
riage, and nine by her second. 

CAPT. CORXELTCS JOIvK^ 

was one of the delegates chosen Apr. 6. 
1775, to go with three others to West- 
minster "•to consult on the best method 
for dealing with the inhuman and unpro- 
voked murderers of William French and 
Daniel Houghton." Hisv\ife's name was 
Mary. The names of three of their chil- 
dren are recorded : 

Polly, b. Aug, 31,1779; Sarah, b. 
May 18, 1783 ^ Clarissa, d. Feb. 19, 
1785. 

JOSEPH HILDRETH, 

(son of Joseph Hildreth Sen.,) one of 
the first town ofl[icers chosen in 1772, 
died July 4, 1796 aged 72. Lydia, his 
wife, died May 26, 1799 aged 66 ; 



52 



VERMONT HISTORICAL MAGAZINE. 



ivords. An event occurred in their own 
children: Hannah, b. July 4, 1776; 
Lydia, b. Feb. IG, 1778, d. April 2G, 
1780 ;Phebe. b. Sept. 7, 1781 ;,Joseph, 
b. Sept. 29, 1783. d. Sept, 28, 1829 
aged 46. Abigail Bemis, his wife, died 
Sept. 9, 1780 aged 88 years. Their son 
Joseph, died Oct. 9, 1822 aged lOyears. 

He was p obably from Petersham, 
Mass., and may have been abrothc^r of 
Jonathan and William, who settled in 
Westmoreland, N.H. as early as 1751. 
Hannah m. James Johnson, Sept. 13, 
1792 ; Phebe m. Alpheus Higgins, 
Sept. 21, 1797; Joseph, b. Sept. 29, 
1783, m. Abigail Bemis, May 1, 1806. 

The children of Joseph and Abigail 
were Ausilla, b. 1806 ; Arozina, b. 
Nov. 14, 1809, m. Humphrey Barrett. 

Joseph Jr., b. Apr. 20, 1812, died 
1821 ; John ; George m. Mary Clark. 

There is still another Joseph Hil- 
dreth Jr., who died May 22, 1812, 2E 
65 ; Submit, his wife, died Aug. 6, 
1829, JE 12 years. 

JACOB THOMPSON, 
at whose house a town meeting was 
held Dec. 28, 1772, was chosen first 
constable in 1774. No family record: 
Benoni Thompson, b. Apr. 19, 1797, 

m. Si^sanua , may have been his 

son. Olive, Jonathan, Michal and Dolly 
were children of Benoni and Susanna. 

For the brave 

JOHN HOOKER, 

who was present at the first town meet- 
ing page 8, who left his, soles on the 
field at Westminster, see page 12, and 
any fui'ther items hereafter. 



SOME OF THE COTEMPORARIES 

of those who signed the notification for 
the first town meeting of Dummerston. 
The town of Dummerston numbered 
among its early inhabitants men who 
were unfriendly to the jurisdiction of 



New York, and who regarded the order 
of the King i»Council, by which Con- 
necticut river was declared the eastern 
boundary of that province, as especially 
tyi'annical. Such were pre-eminently 
the views of 

DR. SOLOMON HARVEY, 

the physician and clerk of this patriotic 
village, and the records which he kept, 
in virtue of the latter office, exhibit on 
almost every page, traces of his peculiar 
disposition. He was chosen town clerk 
May. 18, 1773. The dislike which he 
in common with others, entertained to- 
wards the government of New York, 
had no doubt been increased by the aris- 
tocratic bearing of some oi' the county 
officials who held their appointments 
from the Colonial Legislature ; and the 
abuse of power which these men some- 
times exhibited in their functionary 
character, was used as an argument 
against those from whom they had re- 
ceived their authority. At a town meet- 
ing held May 17, 1774, the people omit- 
ted to choose town trustees, the zeal of 
the eloquent clerk in stirring up the rec- 
ollection of his readers upon this occa- 
sion may be seen on pages 4-8, record 
history. 

The next meeting was called June 
10, 1774, at 4 o'clock p. m., at the 
house of Enoch Cook, and Joseph Hil- 
dreth, Enoch Cook and Solomon Harvey 
were chosen trustees to fill the places 
left vacant at the regular election. 

Fully on their guard, and ready to 
treat as tyrants those who should en- 
deavor to deprive them of any of their 
privileges, they afterwards sent dele- 
gates tp the Westminster convention, 
and were among the foremost in advan- 
cing the objects for which it had been 
convoked. Nor was it long before they 
had an opportunity to carry into action 
the spirit which they had evinced in that 



DUMMERSTON. 



53 



rock-ribbed village, which allowed full 
scope to their patriotism, and ended in 
conlirming the jealous watchfulness with; 
which they had resolved to guard their 
rights, which the warm-blooded Docter 
Harvey, the '-village Hampden" of 
Dumnierston, who, judged by his zeal, 
and courage, seems to have possessed. 
Doctor Harvey was the leader on this 
occasion. He has shown in his narra- 
tive records, how the insolence of Brit- 
ain was checked by the valor of himself 
and of his compeers, and it is but right 
that he should tell the story in his own 
quaint and energetic mode : 
[see paper for town record page 9 to 12] 

Such is the graphic and impartial nar- 
rative of one who was the chronicler of 
events in which he bore an important 
part. Mar. 15, 1775, when about 500 
soldiers assembled at Westminster in 
order to punish the murderers of Wil- 
liam French etc., the beating of a drum, 
heralded the approach of Solomon Har- 
vey, Practitioner of Physic, at the head 
of a body of 300 men. In the centre 
walked four of the sheriff's posse, who 
had been intercepted on their way home. 
The whole party halted in front of the 
Courthouse. An investigation was had, 
which ended more favorably than the 
poor prisoners had expected. The stern 
old docter disarmed them, and dismissed 
them vrith a pass signed with his own 
name, to which was prefixed the title 
of Colonel. The courts were broken up 
at Westminster at that time. In an 
account of the meeting of the inhabitants 
of Dumnierston held Aug. 22, 1775, 
occurs an entry which shows that the 
people were engaged in preparing an 
elaborate account of the disturbances 
which had happened in the month of 
March previous. The entry was made 
by Jonathan Knight, town clerk, in these 
words : 



Voted that it is the Sence of this town 
that the Letters that are in the hand of 
Dr. Harvey are Not any Evidance in 
the Case which the.Commite is Collect- 
ing ; for the Evidance which tha are to 
Colect is the Bad Conduct of the Cort 
from its fust Setting up the Cort, Down 
to the fust of March Last ; and that 
these Letters only Shue that the Peple 
ware Displeaised at the Earbitary of 
offiseirs of the Cort and ware Raday to 
Rise and iStop the Cort be fore that time ; 
and we think those Letters Show Like 
wise the unity of the People and purfix 
the time ; and we think it Best not- to 
have these Letors goeto Westmiinster." 

At a town meeting held Dec. 21, 

1775, it was voted ; 

That Jonathan Knight, Enoch Cook, 
Joseph Hildreth secure the town records 
that are in the hands of Dr. Solomon 
Harvey and transcribe it into a town 
book." 

This is the latest account we can find 
of Dr Harvey. He probably moved 
from this town before the close of the 
Revolutionary war. His farewell letter 
as town clerk is recorded on the towm 
records, for which see town records. 

A part of this sketch is from " HaU's 
History of Eastern Vermont." 

Dr. Solomon Harvey, the efficient 
town clerk in Dummerston, was also, a 
practitioner of physic, "and when Dr. 
Jones rode bareheaded from Westmin- 
ster at the time of the courthouse fight, 
to Dummerston, for re-inforcements, 
Col. Solomon Harvey led a company of 
300 men from this town and Putney to 
the scene of action, Capt. Leonard 
Spaulding inspected the men." The 
Doctor removed from Dummerston in 

1776, to Chesterfield, N. H., where he 
died about 1820. He took an active 
part in the affairs of the town during 
the Revolution. In 1788, he was chosen 
to represent Chesterfield in the conven- 
tion that adopted the Federal Constitu- 
tion. Selectman, 1789, '92; town clerk 



54 



VERMONT HISTORICAL MAGAZINE. 



from 1 800 to 1 8 1 7 . His wife was Mary 

. Only one child's name is 

recorded, Mary, b. in Dummerston, 
Apr. 22, 1773. 

DANIEL HOUGHTON, 
who was mortally wounded d ring the 
massacre at Westminster, came origi- 
nally from Petersham, Mass., and pre- 
vious to his death was a resident of 
Dummerston. The idea was general for 
a time, that he would recover from 
his injuries, and it is for this reason 
that his name is not often found in con- 
nection with that of William French. 
But in the records of this town the 
"murthering of William French and 
Daniel 'Houghton" is spoken ^fas an ar- 
ticle of history, which was then receiv- 
ed without doubt and in the account 
at the meeting that held in tiiistown 
on the 6th of April, less thanva month 
after the event, is a memorandum of a 
committee who were appointed to "go 
to Westminster there to meet other 
committees, to consult on the methods 
for dealing with the inhuman and un- 
provoked murtherers of William French 
and Daniel Houghton." Houghton was 
wounded in the body and survived only 
9 days. He died at Westminster in a 
house situated a little northwest of the 
Court-house, and but a shoi't distance 
from it. It was then occupied by 
Eleazer Harlow. Most of those who 
were wounded were taken to the house 
of Azariah Wright. He was buried in 
the old grave-yard at that place, not 
far from the last resting-place of French. 
For many years there was a stone, 
shapeless and unhewn, which marked 
the spot where he lay ; but even this 
slight memorial has at length disappear- 
ed from its place, and no one can now 
mark with accuracy the locality of his 
grave. 

Doctor Thomas Amsden, whom we 



have mentioned elsewhere as one of the 
physicians of this town was one of the 
17 coroner's jury, who were assembled 
Mar. 15, 1775, to inquire into the cause 
of the death of French. The original 
report of the investigation is still pre- 
served and Dr. Amsden's name is first 
on the list of jurymen. 

CAPT. JOHN WYMAN. 

On a gravestone in the cemetery at 
Dummerston Centre, is the inscription ; 
"Capt John Wyman, an officer of the 
Revolution, Died July, 23d, 1823 , aged 
80 years." Captain Wyman was 
born in Cambridge, Mass., in 1743. 
His rank in the Revolutionary army 
was lieutenant, and his service was in 
the Rhode Island Continental Line. He 
was placed on the pension roll Apr. 15, 
1818. Annual allowance $240. Sums 
received $1276.07. This information 
the writer obtained from an old pension 
roll printed about 1835, which also con- 
tains the names of all persons who were 
or had been pensioners belonging to 
AYindham county When writing for 
Miss Hemenway's publication ten years 
ago, we obtained the information that 
Capt. Wyman was one of the number 
who dressed in the costume of Mohawk 
Indians, went on board of the British 
vessel in Boston harbor in 1773, and 
"Took the old tea and done as tliey ougliter, 
And tipped it all out right into the water." 

Capt. Wy man's home in this town 
was where Henry French now lives. 
He was a tanner by trade, and marks 
of the old tan-vats are now visible on 
the flat south of the barn near Salmon 
brook. His dispositon and character were 
of a belligerant nature. He was all 
military, and was fond of relating his 
exploits and deeds in Revolutionary 
times. Bunker Hill was his favorite 
theme. He selected the spot on his farm 
where he wished to be buried and call- 
ed it Bunker Hill. It was on high 



DUMMERSTON. 



land west of the house, back of which 
extends a beautiful plain. He was bur- 
ied under military honors, a company of 
soldiers, or military men, being present 
on the occasion, from out of town, A 
liberty pole was erected near his grave. 
After a few years his remains were re- 
moved to the cemetery where they now 
i-est, and over which a marble slab was 
raised by his relatives, bearing the in- 
scription we have quoted. 

Of the many songs about Capt. Wy- 
man that he or some one else used to 
sing in his day, the following verse is 
a sample : 

Beleive me Sirs, now if you please, 
A ball took of my breeches' knees; 
From a loud cannon it was sent, 
As I against the Britons went. 



A little episode of a war-like charac- 
ter occurred in this town, in which 
Capt. Wyman figured prominently. He 
got into a dispute with a prominent man 
of the town. Bela Shaw, we believe 
was his name. From words they came 
to blows, the Captain got knocked down 
to the floor by Shaw. The Captain in- 
dignant threatened prosecution ; what 
resulted the doggerel tells , 

In Mr. Shaw, he picked a flaw. 

Who then to have some fun. Sir, 
The other night did not do right 

And knocked John Wyman down Sir, 
He knocked him down upon the floor. Sir 

Where he did long remain; 
At length he rose with head so sore 

That loud he did complain. 
"Bela Shaw, " said he , you, me, have'hit 

And now for what you've done 
I'll go and get a justice' writ 

As fast as I can run." 
But Shaw was wise and did advise 

With him he'd arbitrate : 
Two mugs of tod, they did award 

As the price of Wyman's pate. 

Capt. Wyman was one of the number 
who took offence at hearing what they 
called a "tory sermon preached by Rev. 
Hosea Beckley during the war of 1812. 
His text was in Rev. XII, 7. "And 
there was war in heaven." "England," 



he said, "loved us, and we declared war 
against her. France hated us and we 
loved France." Capt. Wyman would 
not hear Mr. Beckley f)reach afterward 
for a long time. On one occasion, when 
Mr. Beckley was to exchange with an- 
other minister, he called and notified 
the Captain of the event, and that it 
would afford him an opportunity to at- 
tend meeting in his absence. This act 
restored him to favor and he again at- 
tended Mr. Beckley's meeting. 

LIEUT. DANIEL GATES 

married Sarah Moore and their children 
were : Daniel, born Apr. 3, 1777, m. 
Polly Newton, Apr. 1, 1805 ; 

Sarah, b. Jan. 5, 1779, m. Samuel' 
French June 15, 1800 ; Persis, born 
Sept. 17, 1780, m. Christopher Orms- 
bee. May 1, 1803; 

Ira, b. May 12, 1783, died Mar. 5^ 
1812 ; Eli, b. Mar. 22. 1786, d. Dec. 
15, 1792; 

Joel, b. May 9, 1788, m. Susan Dut- 
ton. Mar. 6, 1828 ; Martin, born Feb. 
25, 1791, m. Rebecca Winslow, May 
3, 1826. 

Lieutenant Gates bought the land on 
which he settled in this town in 1774. 
His native place was probably Worces- 
ter, Mass., from which town Jonathan 
Gates came in 1777. Their relation to 
each other, if any, is not known. Lieut. 
Gates was a successful farmer and also 
prominent in the business affairs of the 
town. He was prompt and efficient in 
all his dealings. His ability as an offi- 
cer in the Revolutionary army was seen 
and acknowledged at the capture of 
General Burgoyne and secured to 
him the confidence and esteem of his 
feUow citizens, who held him in grate- 
ful remembrance- He died very sudden- 
ly Nov. 6, 1807 aged 56, when absent 
from home on business. He went to 
Worcester, Mass., with a neighbor of 



56 



VERMONT HISTORICAL MAGAZINE. 



his, and a Mr. Joy of Putney. They 
returned Nov. 5, as far as Oakham, 
Mass. He retired at night in good heaUh 
but awoke about 20 minutes to three in 
the morning ; and complained of great 
distress at his heart. Stimulants were 
administered, and he was relieved for 
a time. He died in a few minutes on re- 
tiring again to his room. He was an 
ardent lover of his country and an 
early advocate for its freedom and in- 
dependence. Sarah, his wife, died Mar. 
9, 1829, a-ged 81. 

Daniel Gates, who married Polly 
NeAvton, removed with his family to 
Truxton, N. Y. ; Children : Asa, born 
Feb. 11. 1806; Sally Moore, b. July 
14, 1807; 

Salona and Sirena, (twins) , b. Mar. 
30, 1809 ; Justin, born Jan. 3, 1811 ; 
Joel ; Martin. 

Joel and Susan (Button) Gates had 
two daughters, Sarah and Mary, The 
younger sister married Hiram Knapp : 
she died and he married, 2d, the elder 
sister, Sarah. 

Martin and Rebecca Gates were the 
parents of Martin W.,born Feb. 19. 
1727, m. Rosella Cook ; Sarah M., b. 
June 6, 1828, m. Fred A. Fish ; Daniel, 
born Nov. 24, 1831, m. Emily Orms- 
bee ; Emma m. Lewis H. Lynde. 

Martin Gates died Dec. 21, 1859, 
aged 68 ; Rebecca, his wife, is now liv- 
ing at tlie age of 83. 

Martin "W. with his family, removed 
to Seward, Kansas, in 1877, where he 
died Jan. 21, 1882. He was chosen 
selectman in 1862, and served very ac- 
ceptably during four years and at a 
time when more than usual responsibil- 
ity rested with the officers of the town 
in connection with the war of the Re- 
bellion. 

Lieut. John S. Gates married Han- 
nah , and was a brother of Lieut. 



Daniel Gates, and settled on the river 
and in the northeast part of the town 
in 1770. It is recorded that John Gates 
settled on aft adjoining lot the same 
year. It is possible that John S. and 
John Gates may be one and the same 
person. His name is also wri ten J. 
Shephard Gates, and in 1784, is re- 
corded as Shephard Gates. In 1793, 
John Shephard Gates is the only name 
recorded as the head of a family in 
that part of the town. Hence the con- 
clusion that Lt. Daniel Gates had only 
une brother living in Duiiimerston. He 
probably had a sister who married 
Reuben Spaulding, for when Spaulding 
died he was not buried in the family 
lot of his father, Lieut. Leonard Spauld- 
ing, but was buried iu the lot belong- 
ing to Lieut. Daniel Gates. It is said 
that Reuben Spaulding married a Gates , 
and after his death in 1794, she remar- 
ried and left town. 

Lieut- John S . Gates was chosen se ■ 
lectman in 1782. '83, '84, '85, and at 
other times up to 1806, in all, 12 years, 
making the longest term of service as 
selectman, in this town, except that of 
Jason Duncan, who served 17 years. 

The children of Lieut. Gates and 
Hannah, his first wife, were John, born 
Apr. 11, 1776, m. Polly Goodwin, 
Aug. 23, 1803 ; 

Asa, b. Feb, 14, 1777; Lucy, born 
Jan. 25, 1779; Shephard, b. Oct. 1, 
1780, m. Polly Dutton, Dec. 27, 1807, 
died Apr. 1861, ^ 88 ; 

William, b. Oct. 8, 1782, d. Nov. 
18, 1821 ; James, b. Mar. 21, 1785, 
d. Dee. 26, 1816 : 

Hannah, b. Mar. 12, 1787: Polly, 
b. Apr. 3, 1789, m. 1st Stearns Wilder, 
Sept. 4, 1814, 2d, Artemas Knight. 

Hannah, the wife of Lt. Gates, died 
Feb. 15, 1813, JE 62, and he married, 
2d Lucy Witt, Oct. 16, 1814, and died 
Feb. 28, 1827, aged 81. 



DUMMEUSTON. 



Minor Kuiglit m. Lavilla Gates, 
June 13, 1836. She had a sister, Ma- 
ria. Thej were nieces of JoJiu S, Gates. 

The children of Shephard and Pollj 
Gates: Alansou, b. Oct. o, IHOH. and 
John S., b. June 2i, 1811, d. Mny 22. 
1841). 

Alansou, now living, married Julia 
Turner, and their children are Iloi'atio, 
Asa D. and John T. 

Shephard Gates died Apr, 8, 18GI), 
aged 88, and PoUj, his wife, June 23, 
18G3, aged 77. 

Phiueas Gates was a re.sideut of tliis 
town 10 years. It is not certain tliat he 
was related to any one of that name in 
Dummerston. He married Rebecca, 
dau. of Elder Woods, of Putney West 
Hill, and they were residents of Wor- 
cester, Mass., in 178<:^. They lived in 
Petersham, Mass., in 1791, came to 
this town in 1798, and occapied the red 
building east of the common for a few 
years. His wii'e was a milliner and 
dressmaker. Their children were Nan- 
cy and Polly (twins), b. June 3, 1788 ; 

Sophia, b. Jan. 11, 1791 ; Henry, b. 
June 17, 1792; Lucy, b. Nov. 19, 
1793 ; Oran, b. Feb. 29, 1796 ; John, 
h. Dec, 3, 1798; George, b. Oct. 16, 
1800 ; Ftmny, b. Sept. 9, 1802 ; Eliza, 
h. June 9. 1804 ; p:melia, b. Feb. 8, 
1806, 

DUMMERSTON IN THE FIGHT 
AT GUILDFOED JAN. 30, 1784. 

Among the 300 militia gathered for the 
purpose of driving ihe Yorkers out of 
Guildford, was a company of 20 men 
from Dummerston, led by Lieut. Dan- 
iel Gates. The ordnance department 
was composed of one old csinnon, al- 
most useless, from Dummerston, and 
was superintended by Ebenezer Haven 
and Isaac Miller. During the affray 
near Massachusetts line, one man was 
8 



mortally wounded and Joel Knight of 
this town was slightly wounded in the 
arm by a bullet. 

THE LAU(;HT0N I-AMII-Y,. 

The ancestors of the Laughtons in 
this town was John Seii., who married 
Mary Crawford. He i-esided in Taunton. 
Mass. before removing to Dummerston, 
John Jr., Saniuel Sen., Thomas Sen., 
who was born 1730, Mary who marri- 
ed Joseph Temple, and a daughter who 
married a Huntington and lived in 
Warwick, Mass. 

John Laughton Sen. was a shoemaker 
and also made fish seines. He built 
what is now the old part of James Reed's 
house. 

Thomas, sou of John, married Rebecca 
Derby, lived with his parents and built 
on two additional rooms to the house 
south of the I'oom first occupied. They 
had 7 children : 

Nathaniel, tlie eldest, was in the 
Revolutionary wai- and was killed in 
the service. 

Rebecca m. Abel Butler about 1786. 
lived in Dummerston till 1809 ; removed 
to St. Johnsbury and at the time of her 
death, was lOOyrs. 8 mo. 4 days old. 

Susanna m. Samuel Gates Dec. 4, 
1 782 ; removed to Hancock, and lived 
to the age of 98 years. 

Esther m. Benjamin Hadley, remov- 
ed to Hancock, and died at the age of 
97. 

Betsey m. Peter Butler, Apr. 30, 
1795, went to New York state and lived 
to be 80 years old. 

Lydia m. Asa Davis, of Hancock, 
and was 76 when she died. 
John m. Jan. 1, 1795, Sally, dau. of 
Capt. Vespasian Miller, and they were 
the parents of Thomas, Sally and Har- 
riet D- 



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VERMONT HISTORICAL MAGAZINE. 



SaroaielVSeni married Susanna Mel- 
idai, probably. of RuLtlaml, Mass., where 
Re resided before coming to Dummfir- 
tton:. He settled on lot No. 63, deeded 
to him by the original proprieters of the 
township, June 26, 1770. 
Thomas, brother of Samuel Sea., also 
from Eutlasid, bought half ©f Sanxuel'a 
lot, Nov. 29, 1779^, and a part of the 
adjoining lot, N©. 57, is 1784. DeacoB 
Thomas, as he is called ^ was a shoe- 
maker, or co.rdwainer, as the record 
reads. 

1788, Samuel deeded his farm in equal 
shares to his sons, Samuel, Jr. and 
Jacob. The children of Samuel and 
Susan were David, Amos, Jacob, 
James, Mary, Susanna, Esther, aod 
Sarah who died in childliood. 

David married Mary, dau. of Capt. 
Leonard Spaulding. 

James m., 1st, Ruth Melvin, his 
eousin, fi-om Northfield, Mass., 2d, 
Hannah Cook, of Newfane. 

Amos m. Lucy Melvin. of Northfield. 

Jacob m. Lydia Crosby in 1787, and 
lived on the parental farm, now owned 
by Austin Laughton, and which has 
been kept in the family name 113 yeai-s. 

Mary m. Silas Gates Dec. 4, 1781. 

Susanna m. 1st, Thonxas Davenport 
2d, Oct. 6, 1805, Nathan Cook. 

Esther married Jan. 31, 1738, Jacob 
Laughton ("deaf Jake"), her second 
cousin, and lived in a house south of 
the Joseph Temple place. 

John, Jr., son of John, Sen. and 
Mary Crawford, was born Aug. 11, 
1714. He m. Esther, dau. of Mr. and 
Esther (Alley) Davis, of Concord, Mass 
She was b. Sept. 9, 1717, and died at 
the residence of Tliomas Boy den, Apr. 
27, 1813, in her 96th year. Her hus- 
band d. Feb. 26, 1799, and they were 
buried near the graves of Isaac and 
P^lizabeth Boy den. Her grave is un- 



marked, but Thomas Boyden made and 
erected the stone now standing at the 
grave of her husband. He was a shoe- 
maker and made fi»h-seins. Their 
children were James, Jacob, John Jr„ 
called the 3d,, Elizabeth.^ Ann, Esther^ 
and Sally. 

James m. a Gates. 

Elizabeth, b. Mar. 25, 1750, m. 
Isaac B»yden. 

Anna m. 1st, about 1777, Parmenas; 
Temple, had two children,, Anna and 
Parmenas, Jr. She m.. 2d, March 25",, 
1788', Lemuel Presson, half brother of 
Samuel Presson, and with her two* 
cliildren, removed to Northfield,. Mass- 

Sally m. Solomon Cook, a brother of 
Enoch Cook, Sen. 

Esther m. Ezekiel Hagar. They and 
her brother James and wife removed ta 
the south-eastern part af Maiue. 

Jacob married and lived near Boston > 
He responded to the first call for soldiers- 
to meet the British and was mortally 
wounded in one of the early battles of 
the Revolution. He fell in the ranks,, 
ruse again, and started for a thicket. 
He did not reach it, as his strength fail- 
ed from loss of blood, which flowed fast 
from a woimd near his knee. His body 
was not recovered and it was devoured 
by wolvesi 

His son, Jacob, wanted to revenge 
his father's death, and enlisted at the 
age of 16 years, a mere stripling youth. 
When he was ready to march,, the neigh- 
bors proposed to have his gun and 
equipments weighed, and then weigh 
the boy. The result was that the boy 
weighed one poimd less than the burden 
he had to carry. He could not endure 
long marches and carry so much weight. 
His gun was exchanged for a drum and 
he did good service for four yea s as a 
drummer. His deafness was caused by 
standing too near the discharge of can- 



DUMMERSTON, 



m 



non in -a hard fought battle. He was 
known as "deai" Jake." His bixjther^ 
also, were soldiers from the commeuce- 
nient in the same war. John Sen. and 
John, Jr. were in the French and Indi- 
an war. Samuel, Sen. was in the 
Revolutiomarj war and was present with 
Col. Ethaii Allen at the capture of Fort 
Ticonderoga. 

Huntington, who married a daughter 
ofjolin Laughton, Sen,, was a cruel 
ttory. The family of h,is wife's brotlier, 
nSamuel, Sen., who was then a soldier, 
were short of grain. They heard tliat 
Huntington, who was living in War- 
wick, Mass., liad grain to sell, and sent 
iSamnel, Jr., a bjy of 16 or 17 years of 
age, to that town, a two days journey 
•on horseback, to buy rye of him. The 
boy was instructed to stop over night at 
some place near his uncle's, for fear that 
he might not be kindly received. Next 
morning he started early and arrived at 
Huntington's just after breakfast and 
found there six British officers, who had 
been his guests over night and were 
preparing to leave. Huntington was 
giving them information which he had 
gathered about the rebels in the army 
and at their homes, saying that his 
wife's folks were all rebels and s(-me 
of her brothers were then in the rebel 
army. The officers mounted their 
.steeds and rode away. When he went 
into the house, his wife reproved him 
for speaking to the officers, as he did, 
about her relatives. Her reproof added 
fuel to his hot temper, and he cursed 
and swore that he would give the Brit- 
ash all the information he could gather, 
telling his wife that, if any of her brother 
8am's boys should come into his house, 
he would take his gun and blow his 
brains out. Young Laughton heard 
his threat and thought it time to do his 
errand with the to^y and be oiF, He 



bought two bushels of rye, paid him 
the money and left without beir\g recog- 
nized by the family. They were too 
mucJi excited to ask his name, and Hois 
morning visit did not raise a suspicion 
that he had come any great distance. 
Himtin^ton never allowed his wife to 
visit any of her relatives after the war. 
Her parents once made her a visit, but 
he was so much displeased about it that 
that tliey never had an opportunit;y to 
' see their daughter again, 

Susanna Laughton, who iuarried 
Thomas Davenport for her first husband, 
had by this marriage two children, Lucy^ 
and Pardon. When Lucy was about G 
years of age, hei" father went to New 
York to get work iind never returned. 
His flaughter lived in the ftunily of Isaa/C 
and Elizabeth Boyden until she was 
18 jears old, and afterwards married 
Clark Knight. Pardon, her brother, 
went to Newfane, to live married, and 
had a large family. One of his sons, 
Alonzo C. Davenport, is now(l>883), a 
xnerchant in Brattle boro. 

Capt. Samuel Laughton, Jr., once 
the boy who went to Warwick for rye, 
was born Jan. 5, 1^48, and m. Anna. 
dau. of Capt. Leonard Spaulding, born 
in Putaey, Asr. 7, 1767, Of their chil- 
dren, Margaret m. Thomas Boydon ; 
Anna m. 1st. Jonathan Tenny, 2d, 
Nathaniel Herrick ; Roswell died in 
childhood ; Wealthy did not marry ; 
Electa m. Rodney Laughton ; Susanna 
m. Wm. Chase; Betsey m. Benj. But- 
terfield ; Persis m. Nathaniel Bixby ; 
Samuel and Sally never married. 

Mrs. Isaac Boy den, the daughter of 
John Laughton, Jr., often told her 
grandcliildren and others, the following 
Revolutionary story. 

Her father and family then lived near 
Boston, and when the British troops 
were landing in that city, a man, rode 



6'0 



VERMONT HISTORICAL MAGAZIIS^E. 



past their dwelling at full speed, on 
horseback, just as they were rising ear- 
ly in the morning, calling-, "To arms ! 
To arms ! llie British are landing in 
the harbor. Be ready to march immedi- 
ately." All was excitement. Her la- 
ther put the guns in order, and told 
his two sons to get Avhat lead they could 
find and run it into bullets. The aum- 
ber of balls were not sufficient, and 
Mrs. Laughtoii took from the table a, 
pewter basin and had it made into bullets. 
The girls cut patches for wads, while 
the mother got breakfast. Very little 
was eaten and the father and two sons 
were soon on the march for conflict. 
Instructions had been given for the mo- 
ther and daughters to get sheets ready 
for bandages and scrape what lint they 
could. It was a wise precaution, for 
bandages and lint were needed before 
sunset. This event was June 17, 1775, 
and the battle scene was on Bunker 
Hill. On that day, Mr. Laughton and 
his two sons saw the brave Dr. Joseph 
"Warren fall mortally wounded. 

John, 3d, son of John, Jr., married 
Lucy Chase, of Newfane, where he 
went to live, and had several children. 
Solomon and John were two of his sons. 
John was born about 1760, and married 
about 1791, Sally Black. The parents 
lived with their son, Solomon, during 
the decline of life, The father died and 
was buried in Newfane ; the mother, 
who survived, was brought on a bed, 
she being quite sick, to Dummerston, 
and lived with her son, John, until 
her death. She Avas buried in 

Newfane. "Aunt" Margaret Boyden 
worked for the family when she was a 
girl and took care of Mrs. Laughton 
during her last sickness. John and 
Sally (Black) Laughton (or Lawton as 
they spell the name) were the parents 
of Solomon, b. Sept. 3, 1793, Asa, 



John, Sally, Franklin, and Mary Jane, 
The wife of Samuel Laughton, Sen. 
was often called on to visit the sick, as 
there were few physicians in those days. 
She responded to all the calls for aid in 
sickness, and often went in winter time 
on snow-shoes across the lots to visit 
families 2 or 3 miles away. On one 
occasion she visited a sick woman whose 
husband had not got reconciled to the 
destruction of the tea in Boston harbor. 
Having brought some tea with her for 
the sick woman, she watched her oppor- 
tunity to steep it while the man was out 
at work, gave it to her patient and then 
drank some herself. Before she had 
finished her cup, the man cam,e in, smelt 
the tea and stormed furiously, saying it 
cost too much human blood to drink it. 
It was like drinking hmnan blood, and 
be would not have tea used in his 
house. Mrs. Laughton could not be 
frightened and deliberately finished 
drinking her tea in the presence of the 
enraged man. 

DEA. THOMAS LAUGHTON 

was a soldier in the French and Indian 
war which begun in 1754, and lasted 
6 years. On one occasion he was pur- 
sued by Indians, and in endeavoring to 
escape, was obliged to cross a swamp. 
Tlie passage was difficult, as the mud 
and water were quite deep in many 
places. One of the worst places, he 
crossed on a log. When he was near 
the opposite side of the swamp, he dis- 
covered the Indians werfe ahead of him 
and, in fact, had surrounded him. He 
retraced his steps immediately to the log 
on which he had crossed a fevi minutes 
before, and secreted himself beneath it 
in the water. He remained there a long 
time, and in order to breathe, he kept 
his nose just out of the water close be- 
hind the log, so that he escaped the no- 
I tice of the passing Indians. They 



DUMMERNTON. 



61 



crossed and recrossed the log under 
which he was secreted without discov- 
ering him, although they had a Itttle 
dog that crossed on the log with them. 
M. Laugh'ton enlisted in the Revol'utujn- 
ary war, but his son. 

NATHANIEL LAUGHTON, 

took his father's place and served as a 
substitute for his father. He was killed 
at the battle of White Plains, Oct, 2B, 
177(5. It was only a partial engage- 
ment, but the Americans were obliged 
to retreat. In endeavoring l^o escape 
across the fields, he jumped over a fence 
and, by accident dropped his gun. He 
thought it not safe to go on without his 
gun and returned to secure it. He was 
not seen, after that, by his fellow sol- 
diei'S, and they concluded he was killed 
by the enemy. 

Dea. Laughton moved to this town 
from ''Old Rutland," Mass. near the 
close of the Revolutionary war. He 
died Nov, 12. 1814, aged 83. Rebecca 
his wife died Jan. 12, 1818, aged 82. 

John Laughton, his son, known as 
•'Deacon John," to distinguish him from 
another person in town having the same 
name, m. Sally Miller, Jan. 1, 1795, d. 
Apr. 27, 1723, aged 82. His wife d. 
Jan. 24, 1853, aged 81. 

His son, Thomas Laughton was born 
Jan. 3, 1766, and died Aug. 25, 1863, 
aged 67 years. 

JACOB LAUGHTON AND LYDIA CROSBY 

were married Aug. 14, 1787, he died 
Aug. 29, 1852, aged 91, she died Apr. 
15, 1837, aged 79 .years ; children : 
Ephraim, b. Feb. 15, 1788; Joel and 
Jonathan, b. May ^1^1^ 1789, Jonathan 
d. Oct. 22, 1876, aged 87 ; Rodney b. 
Apr. 25. 1791 ; Lydiab. Jan. 10, 1793 ; 
Almira, b. Jan. 10, 1796; Laura, b. 
June 29, 1597 ; Jacob, b. July 1, 1789, 
d. March 13, 1870, aged 70. Lydia 
Bosworth, his wife, died Mar. 31, 1877, 
aged 75 years. 



LEMUEL I'RESSON, 

a Revolutionary soldier, one of the early 
settlers in tliis town who inlisted at 
Deerfield, Jan. 1776, was promoted to 
sargeant in Co. of Capt. Wilkinson, 
Regt. of Col. James Reed, of Mass. line - 
was in Canada and the northern depart- 
ment, and was discharged at Old Ticon- 
deroga Nov. 3, 1776, in consequence of 
a rupture resulting from a wound. 

He married Lydia Hildreth, probably 
a sister of Joseph Hildreth Jr., who d. 
May -I'l. 1812, ^65 ; children : 

Samuel b., May 24, 1779, m. Phoebe 
Warner of Brattleboro, June 5, 1800- 
as recorded on town register. Mr. Shel- 
don reports Susan Thomas as his wife. 

Lydia and mate, still born, July 8, 
1782; 

Lemuel, b. Mar. 8, 1785, m. Betsey 
Burnham, Sept. 22, 1811. He d. Mar. 
30, 1859. John Presson now living in 
town was his son. 

Submit b. Feb. 20, 1787, m. proba- 
bly, Jacob Estey. 

The late Presson Stearns' mother, of 
Chesterfield, N. H. was a daughter of 
Lemuel Presson. Lydia, his wife, died 
Mar. 1, 1787. He m. 2d. March 25, 
1788, widow Anna (Lawton) Temple, 
and their children were : 
John and Esther, twins, b. Jan. 20, 
1789; 

Aaron and Hannah, twins, b. June 
26&27, 1791. 

WiUiam Emerson and Betsey, twins, 
b. Aug. 7, 1793. 

John m. Eliza dau. of John M. Field 
and removed to Warwick. Esther m. 
Benjamin Dennis. Aaron m. Achsali 
dau. of John French, of HoUis, N. H. 
Hannah m. July 5, 1313, Otis French. 
Wm. Emerson m. Polly Brooks. Betsey 
m. Greenwood. 

Mary b. 1765, m. Leonard Smith. 

Joseph, b. Nov. 27, 1798, became a 
clergyman and settled in New York. 



62 



VERMONT HISTORICAL MAGAZINE. 



Sally, b. Dec. 31, 1800, in George 
Smith. Philanda, b. Aug. 30, 1803, 
m. Ebeuezer Dennis. 

Lemuel Presson died Dec. 12, 1820, 
aged 67, His second wife, Anna, died 
about 1855 aged 97, 

BEMIS FAMILY. 

Joseph Bemis, born in 1619, was in 
Watertown, Mass., in 1640; d. Aug. 
7, 1684. By Sarah, his wife, he hiid 
9 children. 

Philip Bemis, probably a grandson of 
Joseph, who settled in Watertown, was 
in Cambridge in 1723, in. Elizabeth 
Lawrence, Nov. 21, 1723 ; removed to 
Westminster, Mass., 1738, was the 
third settler in that township. His chil- 
dren, born in Cambridge, were bap- 
tised : Philip and William, Nov. 13, 
1726 ; David, July 30, 1727 ; Abigail, 
July 25, 1731 ; Edward, Oct. 22, 1732 ; 
Zacheus, July 25, 1736: 

David m. Mary, great-grand-daugh- 
ter of Henry Dunster, first president of 
Harvard College, He became a Bap- 
tist minister, known as Elder Bemis, 
who died 1813, M 86. His children 
were John, Joseph, Benjamin, Elias, 
Abner, Levi, Asa, Samuel, and Sarah, 
most of whom, if not all, settled in 
Dummerston. 

John, b. June 13, 1753, m. 1st Abi- 
gail, sister, of Henry Stevens of this 
town, who d. 1782 ^ 27 ; 2d Jemima, 
dau, of Elder Daniel Whipple, the first 
Baptist minister in Vermont, who died 
1789, ^97, and was buried at Brat- 
tleboro. Children by the first marriage : 
Benjamin m. Rebecca Dickinson, re- 
sided at Bath, enlisted and died in the 
regular army; Abigail, m. May 1, 
1806, Joseph Hildreth Jr., had children 
George, John, and Arazina ; Lucy m. 
John Streeter and settled in Lisbon, 
N. H. ; by 2d marriage, John Jr., Dan- 
iel W., David, Stephen, William, Em- 
eline, Melinda, and Catherine. 



John Jr. m. 1st Rhoda Bebee, July 
5, 1807. Children ; Roxana, married 
Charles Butler, who was drowned in 
the Connecticut river in 1838 ; John 
Bradley m. El-.cta Boy den ; 2d Dolly 
Pettis, 3d Patience Wright. 

Daniel W. m. Melinda Goddard ; 
children : Melinda, Anna, Orpha, and 
Sumner. A few years before his death 
he removed to Hinsdale, N. H. ; died 
1867, 

David m. Rhoda Sargeant, Feb. 13, 
1817. Children: Erastus, Daniel G., 
Samuel N., and Horace. Erastus was 
a physician, and m. Ruth McCullough, 
and settled in Pennsylvania. Daniel G. 
m. 1st Amanda M. Bemis, 2d her sis- 
ter Melvina A. He was killed instant- 
ly oy the falling of a tree in 1864. 

Samuel Newell, physician ; graduate 
of Vt. Medical College in 1848, mar- 
ried Louisa R. Miller in 1851 ; settled 
in Stanford, 1852 ; representative in leg- 
islature 1854, '55, '65, again in 1874 ; 
removed to Dnmm rston, 1869 ; resi- 
dent 12 years, with extensive practice ; 
removed to Brattleboro in 1881. 

Horace, lawyer ; studied with Asa 
Keyes of Brattleboro; m. 1st Caroline 
S. Bruce ; removed to N. Y. ; m. 2d Sa- 
rah Washburn. Stephen married So- 
phia Daniels. 

William m. 1st Isabella Houghton, 
2d Marinda Willard ; 3d Dolly Sar- 
geant, He died 1868. William H., 
his son, soldier, died in late war of Re- 
bellion. 

Emeline m. Nathan Applebee, Aug. 
31, 1812 ; settled in Littleton, N, H. 

Melinda m. David Daily ; lived in 
Newbury. 

Catherine m. Dr. Sewall Walker ; d. 
in 1872, 

John Bemis Sen. was a Revolution- 
ary soldier ; came from Brattleboro to 
this town before 1792 ; died in 1835, 
aged 83 ; Jemima, his wife, d. in 1830. 



DUMMERSTON. 



63 



JOSEPH BEMIS 

was in the Continental service at the age 
of 17. He wintered at Valley Forge 
with Washington's army in 1777. One 
night he stood on guard over a house in 
which Gen. Washington was an inmate. 
At drybreak, the General came out and 
said, -'Pretty cold morning is'nt it, sol- 
dier ? Do you suppose a little peach 
brandy would hurt you? "I think not," 
replied Bemis. The General sent him 
the brandy. On another occasion Wash- 
ington wished to pass into camp where 
Bemis was on guard. He halted the 
General, presented his gun and called 
for the countersign. '■'You can let me 
J)ass," said Washington, "I am one of 
the officers'." "You must give the pass- 
word first" said the soldier. "Y^'ou have 
afine gun there soldier." "Yes," replied 
Bemis, "Guess I can kill an Indian six 
or eight rods ofi". Stand out there ; you 
can tell." The General held out his 
hat, showing the coun:;ersign inside,^ 
and was allowed to pass on. As he went 
by, he slapped Bemis on the shovdder 
and said, "I wish I had a whole regi- 
ment of soldiers like you." 

Joseph Bemis, born in 1759 : mar- 
ried Jemima Stoddard • Children : Pol- 
ly, b. June 29, 1781, m. Nathaniel At- 
tridge, Jan. 24, 1802 ; Cyntha, b. Dec. 
20, 1783, m. Joel Chandler, Dec. 6, 
1804 ; Joseph Jr., b. Aug. 5, 1786, m. 
Abigail Hadley, Dec. 3, 1807 ; 

Sibyl, b. Nov. 26, 1789, m. Eben- 
ezer Hadley, Oct. 6, 1814 ; Asa, born 
1795, d. 1799 ; 

Joanna, b. Apr. 8, 1797, m. Riifus 
Hadley. Mr. Bemis settled on the farm 
now owned by Luke T. Bond. He died 
Aug. 16, 1837, aged 78 ; Jemima, his 
wife, d. June 15, 1842, aged 89. 

Joseph Jr. lived on the parental farm 
many years ; removed to New Y''ork, 
and now living in his 98th year. Ch : 



Priscilla, b. 1808, m. George Dickin- 
son : Edwin B. m. 1st Eliza Ann, dau. 
of Joseph Duncan Esq. , 2d Ann Cross- 
field ; 

Louisa E. m. Alexander Dickinson ;, 
Lewis m. Naomi Cushman ; Jesse ra. 
Parmelia Cole ; Abigail died yoaug. 
Mary Ann m. John Emerson ; Jane E.. 
m. James Peabody ; Harriet S. ; Sarah 
m. Dennison Wilson. 

Joshua Bemis, a Revolutionary sol- 
dier with Joseph Sen., probably a cous- 
in, m. Joanna , about 1783. Ch : 

Joanna and Abigail (twins), b. 1785^ 
Polly, Bezina, Ira, Stephen, Olive, 
Sibyl, Ira 2d., Betsey and Beman. 

Benjamin, brother of Joseph Sen. m. 
Olive Baldwin Mar. 14, 1793. She 
was born Aug. 23, 1769, and after her 
father's death, her mother m. Benjamin 
Jones Jr. Apr,t 8, 1774. 

Elias Bemis, b. July 15, 1767, m. 
Experience Kendrick, Jan. 12, 1789. 
He died June 2, 1806, from exposure 
after having the measles. The grief of 
his wife for him, made her partially in- 
sane. She mariied 2d Samuel Willing- 
ton, July 14, 1808. 

The children of Elias were Lemuel 
K., b. Oct. 22, 1790; Abner,b. 1792, 
m. Bolivia Tracy ; Clarissa, born Mar. 
28, 1794, m. Jonathan French; Sally^ 
m. Asa Miller ; Lavina, m. Edward 
Whitney ; Eliza m. Loran Smith ; 

Lemuel K.m. Feb. 23,1813, Bet- 
sey, dau. of Elijah Buck, a Revolution- 
ary soldier. Children : Mandana, Bet- 
sey, Maria, Cyrene, Willis, and Lem- 
uel. 

Abner Bemis. a Baptist minister, m. 
Katie Freeman and settled in Halifax,^ 

Levi m. and removed to New Y'ork. 
Asa went West, but returned to Dum- 
merston. Samuel m. Betsey Bemis, 
his cousin, Oct. 29, 1794. She was a 



(U 



VERMONT HISTORICAL MAGAZINE. 



dau. of Samuel, who m. Elizabeth Rob- 
inson of Lexington, Mass. Sarah m. 
Paul Dickinson, Dec. 13. 1796. 

SAMUEL STEARNS, M. D., LL, D. 

Dr. Samuel Stearns became a resi- 
dent of Dummerston about 1796, and 
practiced medicine in this town several 
years. He was of a roving character 
and, previous to his residing in Ver- 
mont, had traveled in nine of the Amer- 
ican states, and in England, Scotland, 
Ireland, and France. He was born in 
Lancaster, Mass., in 1747, and was, 
as expressed in his own language : 
"early taught by parents and ministers 
to fear God and honor the king. I was 
also instructed in the various branches 
of grammar, arithmetic, algebra, ge- 
ometry, trigonometry, navigation, sur- 
veying, astronomy, music and medicine. 
I always had a natural inclination to do 
good ; to walk in the paths of righteous- 
ness, and to shun vice and immorality." 
When quite young, he removed with his 
parents to Paxton, an adjoining town, 
where, at the age of 26, he engaged in 
the practice of medicine and compiling 
and publishing almanacs. His medical 
practice was fair, and his fame as an 
astromomer led many of the inhabitants 
to consult him on the turn of future 
events. Nothing had occurred to change 
the current of his existence till after the 
Revolutionary war. He was suspected 
of being disloyal to the American cause 
and it became evident that he was a to- 
ry. For that reason his practice fell 
off and his friends deserted him, except 
those who were loyal to the king. He 
did not flee from the royal lines, but 
chose to remain and endure the sneers 
and insults, which were freely bestowed 
upon -him, until 1780, when he was ar- 
rested. His experience for the next 
seven years is given in his own words 
in a petition dated, Brattleboro, July 18, 



which was the seat of U. S. govern- 
ment at that time, and by him to be 
transmitted to.the king : 
"To the King's Most Excellent Maj- 
esty : — 

The petition of Samuel Stearns most 
humbly, — That when the unhappy dis- 
sensions commenced between Great 
Britain and your Majesty's American 
colonies, he was an inhabitant of Pax- 
ton, in the county of Worcester, in the 
province of the Massachusetts Bay, 
where he followed the practice of physic 
and the making of astronomical calcula- 
tions. That a number of years he suf- 
fered persecution in consequence of his 
loyalty to Your Majesty, and attachment 
to the British government, was made a 
prisoner on the twenty-third day of 
September. A. D. 1780, accused of 
holding a traitorous correspondence 
with, and affording aid and comfort 
to the enemy, supposed to be Your Maj- 
esty's armies, but was liberated by giv- 
ing bonds for his appearance before the 
Supreme Judicial court in April follow- 
ing. That on the third day after he was 
thus recognized he received information 
that his adversaries had issued a second 
warrant with the design to put him in 
close confinement, and finding that his 
life was in great danger, fled for protec- 
tion to Your Majesty's army, then at 
New York. That he resided within 
the British lines, during the remainder 
of the w^ar, and Congress having rati- 
fied the treaty of peace between Great 
Britain and America, he returned to 
said Paxton in the year 1784, with a 
design to collect sundry debts due to him 
and ascertain the value of the property 
he had left and remove his family to 
Nova Scotia. That although it had 
been in the 6th article of said treaty, 
that no prosecutions would be commenc- 
ed against any person, etc., for, or by 
reason of the part he had taken in the 
war ; and that no person would on that 
account, suffer any future loss or dam- 
age, either in person, liberty or proper- 
ty, yet in less than two days after his 
return he was seized and imprisoned in 
the ffoal in said county of Worcester, 



1799, and addressed to his Excellency under the pretence of being brought to 
Robert Liston, Philadelphia, Penn., I trial, in consequence of the accusations 



DUMMERSTON. 



65 



already mentioned. That, without any 
trial, without the finding of any bill 
against him, and without his being al- 
lowed anything to eat, drink or wear, 
at the expense of the county or state 
(water excepted) he suffered two years 
and elevem months confinement in a 
very disagreeable prison, although it 
had been customary to allow states' 
prisoners somethiag for their subsistence 
even if they had been theives, highway 
robbers and murderers, and although 
he frequently petitioned the general 
€ourt or assembly of the commonwealth 
of Massachusetts praying for liber.ition 
and the enjoymeiats of those rights 
which were granted t« him as one of 
Yo'ir Majestys' subjects in the definitive 
treaty of peace between Great Britain 
and America. That, for a long time 
he was treated with heglect and con- 
tempt, but was at last discharged from 
confinement on the 28th day of July, 
1787, by order of said General Assem- 
bly, Then he was liberated in a veiy 
distressed condition, being destitute of 
house and the common necessaries of 
life, but went witli his claims for the 
loss of his houses, lands, etc.. to 
Montreal, in the Province of Quebec, 
in hopes it was in the power of the com- 
missioners appointed by Your Majesty 
to inquire into the losses, services and 
sufferings of the American loyalists, to 
o;rant compensation. That he found 
that it was not in the power of the com- 
missioners to receive his claims because 
they had not been delivered to them 
previous to the begining of May, 1786, 
at which time he was in prison : He, 
therefore, went to Great Britain, peti- 
tioned for relief and had some compen- 
sation granted for what he had suffer- 
ed in the time of the war, but not any- 
thing that he knows of, for his suffer- 
ings since the establishment of peace. 
That he returns his sincere thanks to 
Your Majesty for those favors, and fur- 
ther begs leave to mention that he re- 
turned to America in the year 1791; 
and having been informed that the com- 
monwealth of Massachusetts had paid 
for his board whilst he had been a states, 
prisoner, went into that government to 
visit his friends in the year 1793, when 
he was unexpectedly seized and impris- 
9 



oned in the goal in the county of Bris- 
tol, for not paying said board. That 
he suffered four days, eighteen hours 
and fifteen minutes close confinement in 
said county of Bristol, and lost by 
this prosecution 141 pounds, 16 shillings 
and 6 pence, sterling. He also lost, 
when imprisoned in Worcester, 273 
pounds, 19 shillings and 9 pence, ster- 
ling, in consequence of his non-appear- 
ance before the Supreme Judicial Court, 
when he resided Avithin the British lines 
in the time of war, the greatest part of 
which sum was paid to the said com- 
monwealth by his bondsmen, who were 
also imprisoned. That said imprison- 
ment also prevented his collecting the 
debts that were due to him in said state, 
which amount to 368 pounds, 6 shill- 
ings and 6 pence, sterling, including 
the principal, which, joined to, amount 
to 784: pounds, 2 shillings and 9 pence, 
besides the two years, eleven months, 
four days, eighteen hours and fifteen 
minutes imprisonment which he has suf 
fered repugnant to the requisitions of 
the articks of peace. That he has pe- 
titioned to Your Majesty's commission- 
ers in Philadelphia, and these appoint- 
ed by the President and Senate of the 
United States of America, for the pur- 
pose of ascertaining the amount of all 
loses and damages as divers merchants 
and others. Your Majesty's subjects 
have sustained in consequence of their 
being debarred by sundry lawful imped- 
iments from collecting their debts in 
said states, praying that they the said 
commissioners, would aid and assist him 
in obtaining compensation, but they es- 
teem themselves as not empowered to 
act upon the subject because his impris- 
onment is considered not as lawful but 
as an unlawful impediment to his col- 
lecting his debts. That he understands 
that a number of Your Majesty's sub- 
jeets in Nova Scotia and elsewhere, 
who formerly belonged to Massachu- 
setts, are debarred from receiving com- 
pensation for their debts in the same 
manner, althongh it does not appear by 
the records that the General Assembly 
of Massachusetts ever repeated the laws 
they made in the time of war for the 
purpose of protecting the American loy- 
alist, and which were repugnant to the 



VERMONT HISTORICAL MAGAZINE. 



definitive treaty of peace between Great 
Britain and America, till the year 1787. 
That it appears by an article of Con- 
gress passed in the year 1794, that no 
foreigner is allowed to sue any state 
within the limits of the United States 
of America. Therefore, he sees no way 
to obtain compensation for the injuries 
and abuses that he has received than 
that of imploring Your Majesty's most 
gracious aid and assistance. He there- 
fore prays that Your Majesty will be 
pleased to aid and assist your petition- 
er, and all others, Your Majesty's loyal 
subjects, who have been injured by viola- 
tions of the treaty aforesaid, "for whom 
no provisions appear to be made at pres- 
ent for their relief" in obtaining com- 
pensation of the United States in such 
a way and manner as Your Majesty in 
your wisdom may see fit. 
Sworn before me this 23d of July, 1799, 
Luke Knowlton, 
Member of the Honorable Council for 
the State of Vermont in America and 
Justice of the Peace throughout the 
State." 

The five or six years succeeding his 
release from imprisonment, in 1787, 
were spent in variovis parts of the Uni- 
ted States and Europe. In 1789, he 
was for a short time engaged in editing 
the Philadelphia Magazine. He pub- 
lished an almanac which was printed 
in Bennington. In 1790, he published 
a work entitled "A Tour in Holland, 
by an American." It was printed in 
"Worcester, Mass., though he was then 
in Europe. In 1791, he had published 
in Dublin a work entitled "Dr. Stearns's 
Tour from London to Paris." His 
"American Oracle" was published in 
New York, in 1791. It was printed for, 
and sold by Hodge & Campbell, & Co. 

In this book, he states that he is the 
author of a treatise entitled "The Mys- 
tery of Animal Magnetism Revealed to 
to the World." In 1801, he published 
by subscription "The American Her- 
bal." It contains the names of sub- 
scribers, mostly in Vermont and New 



Hampshire. In the "American Oracle,'" 
under the head of chronology, is the fol- 
lowing item : 

"Dec. 29, 1782, Dr. Stearns, having- 
made the calculations, publishes the first 
Nautical Almanack that ever was print- 
ed in America." 

That credit is accorded to him at the 
present time. His "New Hypothesis: 
Concerning the Cause of the Aurora 
Borealis^' was fbrntied while he was in 
Vermont, as thus recorded in the Ora- 
cle. 

In the evening of tile 26 th of Janu- 
ary 1788, as I was sitting in a large 
room in the state of Vermont, the weath- 
er being very severe, a cat jumped into 
my lap, whose hairs were stiffened with 
the cold ; and, as I stroked them I ob- 
served that they emitted coruscations, 
and I began to conclude that they were 
the electrical fluid." 

In a few minirtes afterwards, he no- 
ticed the Northern Liglits and reasoned 
that the atmosphere might likewise emit 
sparks, or electrical light, if it is prop^ 
erly stiffened with the cold, and agitated 
by the different cvirrents of air. When 
in London, Jan. 27, 1791, he wrote a 
poem to commemorate his new theory 
of the Northern Lights. 

The Oracle comprehends an account 
of recent discoveries in the arts and sci- 
ences. In it he records. 

"Jan. 26, 1790, Dr. Stearns receives 
a letter from Dr. Herschel, informing 
that Mrs. Herschel, sister to the Doctor 
discovered a comet on the 7th instant." 

Thus it is known thatWilliam Herschel 
LL.D., F.R.S., the celebrated astrono- 
mer, married a sister of Doctor Stearns. 
In the Boston Athenaeum Catalogue, 
Samuel Steainis is credited with his de- 
gi'ee M. D. and LL.D. It has been 
stated that he obtained his degree in 
England, but it is not known that 
he was a graduate from college. He 
says in his preface to the American 
Oracle, dated New York, Sept. 12, 



DUMMERSTON. 



67 



1791, that philosophy, the liberal arts 
^nd sciences have been the objects of 
his early and unremitting study. The 
practice of physic, and the making of 
astronomical calculations engaged his 
.attention for upwards of twenty years. 
He had a familiar acquaintance with 
the latest and most approved authors 
upon the libei-al and mechanical arts and 
sciences, attended lectui-es upon phsiol- 
ogy, chemistry, magnetism, electricity, 
optics, astronomy, and other branches 
of natural and experimental philosophy. 

He invented a Tide-table for the Sea 
Portsof the North AmericaD continent, ' 
"was astronomer for the Provinces of 
Quebec and New Brunswick : also, for | 
the Commonwealth of Massachusetts ' 
^nd the State of Vermont. 

Dr. Stearns was married before 1780, 
iind his wife was not living at the time 
of his first imprisonment, for, while in 
jail, he wrote a poem, dated July 15, 
1786, advertising himself for sale as a 
widower. He married twice while liv- 
ing in Dmnmerston. The second wife, 
8arah, died in this town and was bur- 
ied near the grave of Capt. John Met- 
<;'alf. The following inscription was 
copied from the slate stone erected to 
her memory : 

"The Honorable Mrs. Sarah Stearns, 
tlie amiable Consort of the Hon. Sam- 
uel St arns, One of the Senators of the 
University of Aberdeen in Scotland, 
Physician and Master of the Canon and 
Civil Laws, died in this Town, Oct. 14, 
1801, aged 54 years 10 months and 22 
days-" 

The same inscription is recorded on 
the town book. His third marriage is 
recorded in the same book. The lady 
was the ^vidow of Alexander Kelly, Sen. 
he died Jan. 15, 1803. She was the 
widow Albee Avhen married to Mr. Kel- 
ley. Mar. 13, 1797, and her former 
residence was Bellino;ham, Mass. 



Dr. Stearns was married to Mrs. 
Elizabeth Kelley, of Dummerston, Nov. 
10, 1803. by Samuel Mead, Rector of 



the Church in Alstead, N. H., in the 
presence of the following witnesses, — 
Jason Duncan, Sarah Duncan, Jabez 
Butler, Experience Butler, Delia But- 
ler, Thomas Lewis, Mehitable Lewis, 
Thankful Grover, Polly Town, Mary 
Grinnell and Philenda Smith. In the 
marriage certificate, he states that he 
was -'one of the Royal Pensioners of 
the Kingdom of Great Britain." Thus 
it appears that he was successful in pe- 
titioning the king for aid. 

Dr. Stearns wJiile a resident of Dum- 
merston, lived in the east part of the 
town. In 1804, he occupied what has 
since been called the "-Birchard place." 
He owned one-half acre of land and 
one-third of the store. Jabez Butler 
and Asa Houghton owned the remain- 
ing two-thirds. He sold the land and 
his share in the store, the same year, 
to Butler and Houghton. The store 
was 40 by 60 ft. and was the first one 
burned on that site, when occupied by 
Roger Birchard. Asa Houghton, born 
in Bolton, Mass., Feb. 3, 1775, was a 
nephew of Dr. Stearns. He was in trade 
in this town but died in Putney, Sept. 
10, 1829, whert- he has a daughter now 
living. He was an uncle of Simon W. 
Houghton, Esq. of Putney. 

Dr. Stearns had a sister, Martha 
Stearns, who married Simon Houghton 
grandfather of Simon W. Houghton, 
Esq. now living in Putney. She was 
born in Lancaster, Mass., May 30, 
1750, died Apr. 3, 1823. Her husband 
was born Oct. 15. 1737. Both died in 
Bolton, Mass., a town taken from Lan- 
caster. 

A lady now living in Dummerston, 
nearly 88 years old remembers the Doc- 
tor quite well. He was called to see her 
mother, who was sick of a fever, and 



VERMONT HISTORICAL, MAGAZINE. 



she describes him as a nice looking 
man. His hair was white and combed 
straight back from his forehead and 
worn in a queue. During his visit to 
the sick woman, the doctor looked in 
the mirror two or three times to see 
whether his hair was all right. 

Just how long he was a resident in 
this town is uncertain. His home was 
in Brattleboro at the time of his death. 
In the northwest corner of the cemetery 
south of Brattleboro village is a slate- 
stone bearing the following inscription : 
Sacred to the Memory of 
Samuel Stearns, LL.D., who 
Died Aug. 8, 1810 aged 63 years. 
Self-taught. 
Nature was his jpreceptor, philosophy 
His mistress, and astronomy his prompter. 
Disappjointment ever succeeded his hest 
Endeavors ; he deserved letter . 
Ingratitude was the reward of his labors. 
Peace to his ashes. 

Note : Dr. James ConlancI of Brattleboro is 
entitled to mucli credit for looking up tlie his- 
tory of Sam'l Steams. Tlie writer of this sketch 
is much indebted to him for valuable Infor- 
mation taken from a paper read by him before 
the Brattleboro Professional club and publish- 
ed in the Vermont Phoenix, June 8, 1883. 

Dr. Samuel Stearns was an inhabit- 
ant of this town many years. His to- 
ryism made it unpleasant for him to re- 
main with the pa triotic citizens of this 
town and he left for Canada and remain- 
ed till peace was declared, after which 
he again returned. Before his return 
he spent a few years in England where 
he had the degree of LL.D. conferred 
on him. He was born at Lancaster in 
1736. 

ADVERTISEMENT. 

THE WIDOWER IN JAIL EXPOSED TO SALE. 
A NEW SONG. (BT DK. SAMUEL STEARNS.) 

Ye ladies all who have a mind 

In Matrimony to Engage 
With me that's honest good and kind ' 

That is nigh to fifty years of Age. 



I I am but of a middling Size [Sound 

j My Limbs are strait, ther'e good and 

I have a pair of bluish Eyes, 
And with^ood health I do abound. 

I have myself once married been ; 

It happened in my younger Age ; 
More than a thousand Days I've seen 

Since My companion left the Stage. 

My children, they all married be 

And all alone I must Remain 
Unless that 1 should chance toSee 

One that will Marry me again. 

Hence, tho' in Prison I'm Confined 

I do expose myself to Sale 
And Advertise that it is my mind 

To Mai-ry tho' I am in Jail 

I want a wife that is clean and neat. 
That is neither BashfuU nor too cold, 

Wliose shape, Deportment, all complete. 
That is not stingy, nor a Scold. 

Let such an one now visit me 
Whilst in the Prison I'm Confined 

And if with me. She ean agi-ee 
Ourselves, in man-iage wc will bind. 

Some Ladies often almost Cry 

Because Confined in Jail I be 
And whils'L they're even passing by 

They dare not stop to Visit me; 

Because they think that in these Days 
Some people of them would make sport 

If they in such Religious ways 
Should once begin the men to co'irt- 

The Ladies wish me out of Jail, 
Are sorry for my Dismal fate 

But as I'm now exposed to sale 
I hope they will no longer wait ; 

But Visit me without delay 
That so a Husband they may find 

Who to a Wife both Night and Day 
Will always be exceeding kind. 

Let our Great Men soon make a Law 
That the Kind Ladies shall not fail 

To often Visit men that Draw 
Their fancies, tho' they be In Jail.. 

FINIS. 

Composed by a Prisoner, July 15, 1786. 

Note : these verses, written by Samuel Steams 
were copied by the writer from the original 
impublished poem, long in the possession of J. 
r. Stearns of Dummerston and given by him 
sometime before his death, to Dea. Simon W. 
Houghton. John F. Steams died Nov. 25, 1872, 
aged 82, and is supposed to have been a relative 
of the doctor. The value of these verses is chief- 
ly of a historical character, giving as they do, 
a description of the doctor in his own language, 
stating his age and circumstances in life. He 



DUMMERSTON. 



69 



was "nigh to lifty" in 1780, and must have been 
born in 1736, as Dea. Houghton, his sisters' 
grandson, claims. Therefore his age should 
have been 73 and not 63, as engraved on the 
slate-stone. Mrs. Houghton always said that 
"Poor Samuel," as she was wont to call her 
brother, was much older than herself, who 
was bom in 17.'iO. Dea. Houghton claims also 
that Dr. Stearns came to Dummerston several 
years before 1796, and the claim is made good 
by the Doctor, himself, who says in his book 
that he was in Vermont in Jan. 1788. 

SECOND MARRIAGE OF DR. STEARNS : 

ENTRY ON THE TOWN RECORD. 

"The Hon. Samuel Stearns LL..D. one oi the 
Royal Pensioners of the Kingdom of Great 
Britain, after being lawfully published three 
Sundays, was on the 10th day of Nov. 1803, le- 
gally married by me according to the method 
jiracticed by the church of England, to Mrs. 
Elizabeth Kelley of Dummerston. 

SAMUEL MEAD, RECTOR OF THE 
CHURCH IN ALSTEAD. 

WILLIAM NEGUS 

was among the first settlers in this town. 

His wife was Patience , and their 

chiklren were Polly, b. Feb. 17, 1778, 
m. John Barnes Dec. 22, 1796 ; Patience, 
b. 1781, d. infant; Persis, b. Sept. 19, 
1782, m. Oct. 7, 1810, Daniel Newton 
ofNewfane ; Joseph, b. 1784, .d. infant ; 
Sainuel,b. Dec. 7, 1788. Sally, probably 
a daughter of William Negus, m. Asa 
Houghton, Aug. IG. 1804. 
Three daughters of John and Polly 
(Negus) Barnes married as follows : 
Mary Barnes, June 18, 1820, Cornelius 
Tuttle; Persis, Jan. 23, 1821, Benja- 
min Tuttle ; Martha, Oct. 7, 1821, Joel 
Tuttle. 

John Negus married Lydia , and 

their children were Elizabeth b. Oct. 21, 
1787 ; William, b. Aug. -l-l, 1789 ; Lyd- 
ia, b. Sept. 24, 1791 ; John, Jr., b. 
Aug. 22, 1793 ; Sarah b. Oct.l7 95. 
Polly, b. 1797, d. infant; Patience, b. 
Sept. 14, 1798 ; Zeruiah, b. Jan. 20, 
1801 ; Samuel, b. Apr. 5, 1803 ; Benj- 
amin, b. May 13, 1805 ; Joseph, b. Apr. 
13, 1807; Abigail, b. Oct. 1, 1809, 
John Negus, the father these children, 
died Sept. 30, 1809. 

Elizabeth Negus m. Nathan Davis 



May 10, 1781. His first wife was Sarah 
Jones whom he m. May 26, 1774. 

Samuel Negus m. Jan. 30, 1783, 
Sarah, sister of Enoch Cook. Diraxy 
Negus m. Thomas Barnes, Dec. 26, 
1787. 

THOMAS HOLTON, 

one of thefirst five selectmen chosen 
Apr. 15, 1776, died Dec. 22, 1800, 
about 75 years of age. His son, Arad 
Holton, died Oct. 8, 1841, aged 88 yrs. 
11 mo. Arad married Anna Haven 
for his first wife. She died Feb. 1, 
1787, aged ^^ yrs. 4 mo. — children : 
Reuben, b. Nov. 9, 1778 ; Ira d. Apr. 
26, 1780; Arad, b. Sept. 9, 1781; 
Ariel, b. July 26, 1783 ; Experience 
d. Mar. 20, 1785. 

He married his second wife, Rebecca 
Houghton, May 13, 1787, who died 
Dec. 17, 1800, aged 35 years — children ■ 
Winslow, b. Jan. 11, 1788, now living 
at the age of 91 years ; Louden, b. June 
23, 1789 ; Rebecca and Ira, tAvins, b. 
Dec. 23, 1795 ; Abel, b. Sept. 7, 1800. 

He married 3d. Mrs. Eunice Spauld- 
ing widow of Josiah Spaulding, whose 
maiden name was Skinue •. She died 
Jan. 21, 1856, aged 85 yrs. 6mo. — 
children : Joel, b. May, 14, 1803 ; Eu- 
nice, b. Aug. 3, 1808 ; Denslow, bom 
Aug. 29, '810. 

CAPT. ASHBEL JOHNSON, 

A citizen of the town in Revolutionary 
times, resided in school district No. 4 in 
the N. E. corner of the town. He was 
born May 22, 1750, and died Jan. 20, 
1723, aged 72. Jail Johnson, his wife 
was born Mar. 6, 1755. Children : 

William, b. Apr. 16, 1773 ; David, 
b. Feb. 6, 1775, d. Feb. 22, 1780; 
Ebenezer, b. Feb. 14. 1777 ; Lucy, b. 
Dec. 9, 1778 ; Martha, born Mar. 29, 
1780; Ashbel,b. Jan.90, 1782; Tab- 
atha, b. Jan. 12, 1784; Ezekiel Por- 
ter, born Nov. 20, 1 785 ; Abigail, b. 



70 



VERMONT HISTORICAL MAGAZINE. 



Mar. 2, 1788 ; Samuel, born Dec. 29, 
1789 ; Mary, b. Mar. 4, 1792 ; David 
Ward, b. Nov. 20, 1793; Stephen, b. 
Feb. 13, 1796. 



EARLY FARMS. 

1754 
Col. Josiah Willard of Winchester, 
N. H., bought Jan. 9, 1754, a share of 
land in Dummerston belonging to Jona- 
than Hubbard, Esq., of Townshend, 
Mass., for £2 Old Tenor Bills. Hub- 
bard was an original grantee. Jan. 23, 
1754, John Pierce, a farmer, of Win- 
chester, whose name is on the charter, 
sold a share of land in this town to Col. 
Willard. John Summers, farmer, of 
Winchester, sold him the same year his 
right to a share, as an original grantee. 
In 1759, Col. AVillard bought a share 
of Elijah Alexander of Winchester. 

17G4 

Capt. John Kathan bought a whole 
share of Capt. Samuel Hunt, gentle- 
man, of Northfield, Mass., for £60. 

Hunt was an original grantee. At 
this time Mr. Kathan had occupied the 
land 12 years. He sold the farm to his 
son, John Jr., for £400, June 12, 1786. 

In the deed the farm is described as 
a certain tract of land in the N. E. cor- 
ner of Dummerston, containing 300 
acres, "on which I now live, and is one 
whole right of land of land deeded to 
me, the said John Kathan, by Samuel 
Hunt and surveyed to me by Elisha 
Root." John Griffin and Willard Moore 
were witnesses to the deed and were 
sworn, after the death of Capt. Kathan 
by Judge Benjamin Burt of Windham 
CouQty Court, when the deed was re- 
corded Nov. 26, 1787. 
1770 

The proprietors of the township at 
this time were the heirs of Lieut. Will- 



iam Dummer and Hon. Anthony Stod- 
dard of Massachusetts. 

Govenor Dummer died in 1761, 
and Stoddard had died before the 
granting of deeds in 1770, to the set- 
tlers. John, Jeremiah, William, and 
Susanna Powell were the heirs of Gov- 
ernor Dummer, and Martha, Anthony, 
and Simeon Stoddard were the heirs of 
Anthony deceased. Martha had mar- 
ried John Stevens, and Simeon, not of 
age, had a guardian named Joseph Jack- 
son. Most of the heirs resided in Bos- 
ton, but Stevens was, in 1773, a resi- 
dent of Ashford, Conn. Each lot con- 
tained 100 acres, size 160x100 rods. 

They were numbered from one to 148 
in what is now Dummerston. Each 
settler paid 5 shillings, as a recording 
fee, and the consideration for each lot 
was that certain work had been done on 
the land, aud each purch ser should 
clear and fence four acres fit for the 
plough or scythe, also, erect and finish 
a dwelling-hous-i thereon, not less than 
20 feet square ; also that a house for 
public worship be built in Dummerston 
and a minister of the gospel be settled 
therein within 4 years from the date of 
the deed, June 26, 1770. 

Thomas Clark from Worcester, Mass. 
bought lot No. 52, that year, but after- 
wards purchased, June 12, 1783, for 
100 "Spanish Milled Dollars," the ad- 
joining lot No. 53, on the north, and 
lived many years on the place now own- 
ed and occupied by J. E. Worden. 

Isaac Beard bought lot No. 113, 
near the present location of West riv- 
er bridge. 

Ezra Robinson's lot. No. 49, Avas in 
the south part of the town, east of the 
"Rice place." He sold a part of his 
land to Nathan Davis, Feb. 19, 1777, 
reserving a bridle-path through it to 
Benjamin Jones's house. Robinson sold, 



DUMMERSTON. 



71 



Oct. 22, 1779, another portion of land 
to John Rice for $300. 

John Friswell's lot, No. 61 was sold 
by him to Col. William Boyden, June 
26, 1771. It is now WiUard Dodge's 
farm. 

John Killbury purchased lot. No. 23, 
east of Slab Hollow. 

John Wilder from Sturbridge, Mass. 
located on lot No. 97, the east part of 
which is the old Alvord place. Wilder 
sold 60 acres of the west part to Jonas 
Walker from Rutland, Mass., Jan. 8, 
1778. for £160. 

Hosea Miller settled on lot, No. 54, 
east of the meeting-house, June 5, 

1782, he bought of the proprietors lot, 
No. 55, north of his homestead, for 
£60. Wm. 0. Miller, postmaster, now 
owns the farm. 

Ebenezer Haven located on lot. No. 
14, where Orren Haven now lives. 
June 5, 1782, he bought of the propri- 
etors lot. No. 24 for £50, the fai'm has 
ever since been kept in the family name. 
Mr. Haven owned one half of lot, No. 
29 near Putney on the Connecticut riv- 
er. 

Capt. Isaac Miller, who helped Eben- 
ezer Waters survey the town in 1767, 
selected lot, No. 11, now known as the 
Abial Walker farm, where he lived 
many years. He sold the farm to his 
son, William Miller, Apr. 29, 1758, 
for £500. 

Samuel Dutton Jr., bought lot. No. 
122, up in the Hague, and sold the 
sam>^ to Joshua Walton, March 10, 

1783, he, performing the work required 
of Dutton. June 5, 1782, Mr. Dutton 
bought of the proprietors, lot. No. 51, 
one mile south of the meeting-house, 
where he lived many years. 

Alexander Kathan, Esq. settled on 
lot. No. 15, the well known Kathan 
farm. At the date of his deed, he had 



been a resident of the town 9 years. He 
owned a part of lot, No. 18, near where 
Samuel Wheeler now lives. It was 
bought of Isaac and Asa Sharpe, the 
Connecticut }»roprietors, Feb. 18, 1784. 

Charles Davenport located on lot. No. 
12, known as the John F. Stearns place. 
Rufus Sargeantboughtlot,No. 1, in the 
S. E. corner of the town and in 1783, 
bougnt lot. No. 7, in the next range. 

Joseph Millet bought lot. No. 148, 
in the N. W. corner of the town ;. own- 
ed by Ichabod Knapp in 1782. 

John Shepherd Gates bought lot No. 
29, near Putney. He sold a part to 
Ebenezer Haven, Apr. 10, 1780. 

John Gates located on lot, No, 32, 
one half mile from Putney line on the 
road leading to Brattleboro. 

Enoch Cook lived on lot, No. 67, 
Levi M. Walker now owns the farm, 
kept in the Cook family four generations 
now. Mr. Cook sold to his son, Enoch 
Jr., Apr. 3, 1789. Joseph Temple set- 
tled on lot. No. 36, where the Temple 
family lived many years. 

Samuel Laughton located on lot. No. 
63, where Austin Laughton now lives. 
Oct. 9, 1787, he deeded the farm to his 
sons, Samuel Jr. and Jacob in equal 
shares. 

Benjamin Jones resided on lot No. 
44, in the south part of the town, near 
the Rice place. 

Elias Wilder bought lot. No. 47, of 
Benjamin Gould of Brattleboro, June 
27, 1770. The other deeds of that year 
were dated June 26. Some of the ear- 
ly settlers neglected to have their deeds 
recorded in the Dummerston books, and 
deeds granted in 1770, were not record- 
ed for ten and even 14 years after that 
date. 

May 29, 1772, Dr. Stephen Little 
of Portsmouth, N. H., bought of Mesh- 
ech Weare of Hampden Falls, N. H., 



72 



VERMONT HISTORICAL MAGAZINE. 



three whole shares of land situated in 
the following township, Viz : Dummer- 
ston, Halifax, and Bridgewater, and 
the same year sold the shares to John, 
McKesson, a lawyer, of New York City. 
In 1785, McKesson appointed Jacob 
Bagley his attorney to sell all his lands 
in Vermont. 

June 5, 1773, Charles Leonard from 
Worcester, Mass., bought lot. No. 146, 
in the Hague, of Abraham Taylor of 
Worcester, and settled on the same, 
He sold one half the farm to his son, 
William, in 1776. 

Jime5, 1774, Joseph Negus of Pe- 
tersham, Mass., sold lot. No. 81 to 
William Negus of Granby, Mass., for 
£25. In 1783, William bought a part 
of lot. No. 68, east of where he lived, 
William and John Negus may have 
been sons of Joseph, [page 69] 

January 3, 1774, John Scott and 
Susanna, his wife, sold a part of lot, 
No. 22, east of Slab Hollow, to Aaron 
Brooks. He sold a part of lot, No. 4, 
to Brooks in 1773. The land in lot. 
No. 4, is near Connecticut river, east 
of Alonzo Button's farm. Dr. Solomon 
Harvey and Mary, his wife, who lived 
on the adjoining lot, south from Brook's, 
witnessed the deed. 

Dec. 26, 1774, Daniel Gates bought 
lot, No. 65 of the proprietors in Con- 
necticut for £23. The fdrm is now 
owned by John Miller. Gates sold a 
piece of land in 1791, to Cotton Skin- 
ner, a shoemaker, who sold the same 
in 1792, to Nathan Cook. Capt. John 
Metcalf, gentleman, who married Sa- 
rah Taylor of Hinsdale ; lived just 
south of Gates' house, on land which 
he bought in 1789, he sold his place to 
Wm. Moore of Greenfield, Mass., al- 
so the store near the meeting-house in 
which Benjamin Estabrook lived many 
years. 



Dec. 19, 1775. [Elijah Town sold 
part of lot No. 89 to his son, Elijah Jr. 
He had bought -of J. Shepherd Gates 
and Adam Whitiiey. It is now the 
farm of Howard Jones. Gates bought 
in 1782, lot. No. 28, and the farm is 
probably where Alanson Gates now 
lives. He owned lot. No. 32 and sold 
in 1781, 42 acres to Smith Butler. 

May 26, 1776. Joshua Walton sold 
toLt. Josiah Allen a part of lot. No. 
122, south side of Fall Brook with the 
benefit of a mill spot for $176. AValton 
was a resident of the town in 1770, and 
had probably bought land of the origi- 
al proprietors before that date. 
1777, 

Martha vStephens of Boston, widow 
of John Stephens, daughter and only 
heir at that time of Hon. Anthony 
Stoddard ; gave Dec. 9, a deed and re- 
lease of certain undivided land in Dum- 
merston, reservingsales previously made 
by her husband, to Jonathan Amory, 
a merchant of that city for £2600. 

Benjamin Estabrook from Rutland, 
Mass., bought of Wm. Negus, carpen- 
ter, one half of lot. No. 81 for £70 ; 
located near Black mountain and re- 
cently owned by Josiah Dodge. 

Samuel Dutton sold Jan. 9, to Eph- 
raim Rice from Petersham, Mass., lot, 
No. 74 for $500. Now called the Rice 
farm. Mr. Dutton probably lived on 
that farm before buying of Jonathan 
Knight in June, following. John Rice 
sold Oct. 23, to Amos Rice from Peter- 
sham, Mass., lot, No. 52 for $700. 
This farm may have been the Samuel 
Duncan place. John, also, sold Eph- 
raim Rice 30 acres in 1783. 

John Scott sold. Mar. 17, to John 
French, miller, the eastern half of lot. 
No. 38 in Slab Hollow for £20. The 
boundary line began at the "L6g 
Bridge" below, "and running as the 



DUMMERSTON. 



81 



was the kind of spirit used, and milk 
was added to make milk-punch. 

Black-strap was a cheap kind of drink 
and was drank when nothing better 
could be afforded. It was niade of rum 
sweetened with molasses. Toddy and 
■egg-nogg furnished other varieties of 
di'ink. As soon as the people obtain- 
ed orcliards, cider was drank in large 
quantities by all classes, rich and poor. 
Hop-beer was also brewed and drank 
in large quantities. AlHriukiug of the 
common people was social, all drinking 
from the same mug or bowl. 

WHAT THEY WOKE. 

Garments for summer were made of 
tow-cloth or linen spun from flax. Wool 
was raised in considerable quantities 
and furnished ihe materials for winter 
garments. Carding, spinning, weav- 
ing, and coloring were done bv the in- 
dustrious females, and the cloth manu- 
factured into garments and bed-clothing. 
Flax was raised in large quantities. 

Instead of being mown or reaped, it 
was pulled and the dirt shaken very 
carefully from the roots. This was by 
general consent, the work of women 
and gii'ls. The flax after it was pulled 
was laid outandrotiedfor several weeks 
to make the fibre suitable for breaking 
and preparing for spinning. The young 
women of nearly every family could 
spin and and most of them could weave. 
The male members of a house-hold usu- 
ally went barefoot in summer time, and 
females in some cases went without 
shoes. The women were very careful 
of their shoes, and in some instances they 
would in going to church, carry their 
shoes, and at some cojivenient place 
before arriving, put them on. 

Shoemakers or cordwainers, as they 

were called, were accustomed to go about 

from house to house, and make for 

each family in a neighborhood, a year's 

11 



stock of boots and shoes, which was 
called "whipping the cat." 

THEIK CONVENIENCES OF LIFE. 

The style of living was necessarily 
simple. Their first houses were' rude 
structures made of unhewn logs. The 
open spaces between the logs were fill- 
ed with clay and mud, and the roof 
was shingled with hark or rived splints. 

The interior, usually consisted of one 
room lighted with one or two small pris- 
on-like windows. A rough stone chim- 
ney was built at one end of the room, 
havia^g a firerplace capable of receiv- 
ing wood l-feet in length, and children 
might sit in the corners and look up at 
the stars. More light was often conveyed 
i.ito th room from the large chimney 
than from the dim little windows. One 
room was made to serve the purpose of 
kitchen, dining-room, doi-mitory, and 
parlor. Later, when boards coald be 
procured, a more comfortable and con- 
venient house was built, generally with 
two rooms, a board floor and hrick 
chimney, on one side of which was a 
brick-oven. The most important apart- 
ment was the kitchen with its capa- 
cious fire-place, andirons and bellows, 
the crane and pot, suspended from it, 
showed that the day of stoves had not 
arrived. The commodious high-backed 
settle made a comfortable seat pi"otect- 
ed from the wind, whistling through the 
crevices. There would be found the 
spinning-wheel, plied by the good house- 
wife as she found leisure ; and the trusty 
firelock and powder-horn hung over the 
fireplace ever ready for any emergency. 

For dishes, wooden plates were first 
used, then pewter, and later, "Queen's 
ware," which were kept in a sort of 
cupboard called a "dresser." 

"the light of other days," 
was the tallow-candle or tallow-dip as 
it was often called. Later, the oil-lamp 



8-2 



VERMONT HISTORICAL IVIAGAZINE. 



came into use, and lastly, kerosene and 
gas. Matches had not been invented, 
and the utmost precaution had to be 
taken lest their fires should go out. Fire 
was litept by burying a brand deep in 
the ashes. When the fire was out, it 
was necessary to obtain it from some 
neighbor or strike a light with the aid 
of flint and steel. Tlie invention of 
"'locofoco" matches was hailed with de- 
light. 

The line of distinction between the 
rich and poor, the cultivated and uncul- 
tivated, was more distinctly drawn in 
the early days than at the present tim.e. 
They were very careful to give no titles 
where they were not due, and, also, as 
careful to write the titles of persons in 
afi'airs that were passing. Mister and 
Mistress were respectful forms of ad- 
dress far persons of rank, or ministers 
and their wives. In a list of 100 free- 
men of olden times, you will not find 
above four or five distinguished by Mr., 
although they were men of some sub- 
stance. "Good man" and "good wo- 
man," often abbreviated to "goody," 
were the common titles. 

THEIR AMUSEMENTS 

were few but exceedingly social. Husk- 
ing and quilting-bees were frequent in 
the farming communities. • House- 
warmings, house and barn-raisings^, the 
old fashioned muster, and the fourth of 
July nearly completed the list of enter- 
tainments. 

TRAVELLING 

was performed on foot or on horseback. 
At every house was the horse-block or 
convenient place to mount the horse. A 
man, his wife and two children could 
ride conveniently on the back of a strong 
horse. The husband held one child in 
front, and the wife rode behind him on 



a piliion, holding another, and with one 
hand clinging to her husband. 

Before fields were fenced, cattle were 
kept in one drove and guarded by a man 
who from the natm-e of his employment 
was called a hayward. 

Swine were guarded or looked after 
by a committee of nine persons chosen 
annually called "Hog- Hay wards." 
Isaac Miller Jr. , had the honor of be- 
ing elected to that office in this town 
in 1780. 

TITHING-MEN 

were peace officers, and were so called 
because they originally liad charge over 
ten families in a neighborhood. 

DEER REEVES 

were officers to inform against persons 
who killed deer out of season, which 
according to law, was between January 
1st and Aug. 1st. 



church history 
Chapter t 

THE OLD MEETING HOUSE : The 

history of building the old meeting- 
house began with the first town meet- 
ing of the settlers. Mar. 4, 1771. Ac- 
tion was taken to secure a lot on which 
to build. Isaac Milier and Benjamin 
Jones were the committee to choose 
the lot. Nov. 23, 1772, the settlers ac- 
cepted the lot chosen by the committee, 
and appointed Joseph Hildreth and 
Enoch Cook to forward the building. 
Charles Davenport and Lieut. Spauld- 
ing drew the plan of the house, 50x40. 
May, 1774, the town took action in re- 
gard to hiring preaching the year ensu- 
ing. The building of the house had 
so progressed that the town-meeting 
was held there on May 16, 1775. 

It is inferrrd that the committees, 
Cyrus Houghton and Joseph Hiidreth, 
did not succeed in hiring a preacher 



DUMMERSTOX. 



for that year, as, Aug. 22, 1775, it 
was voted in to^vTi-meeting that John 
Hooker, one of the heroes from Dum- 
inerston in the fight at the court-house 
at Westminster, 1775, "should carry 
on public worship on the Lord's day." 
We conclude that no person was hired 
to preach till 1776, when it was voted 
Apr. 25, "to hire preaching this year," 
Lieut. Leonard* Spaulding, Jonathan 
Knight and William Boyden were chos- 
en a committee for hiring preaching. 

Nov. 19, 1776, Jonathan Knight was 
chosen to get, of the proprietors a lot 
of land to settle a minister on ; Bar- 
zilla Rice, Lieut. Leonard Spaulding 
and Joseph Hildreth were chosen a 
commirtee to give instructions to Mr. 
Knight about getting the lot of laud ; 
and, as it had been previously voted 
to hire preaching, it is inferred that 

MR. DUDLEY PREACHED 

that year, as the same committee were 
insti'ucted "to treat with him about the 
tax due him, and how much he must 
have before he goes away." 

The committee were paid for their 
trouble and the interest on the money 
was paid to Mr. Dudley, which they 
had borrowed. At the same meeting 
the town voted to set apart, Nov, 1 776, 
for a day of public thanksgiving in this 
town. There are no further town rec- 
ords till February 1780. The records 
for the intervening time have been lost. 
When Rev. Joseph Farrar was hir- 
ed to preach, the house was in a very 
uncomfortable condition. There were 
but few, if any, pews built till 9 years 
after the church was organized, in 1779. 
In 1788, a committee was chosen for 
building pews, and a porch over the 
front door. Gallery-pews Avere sold 
that year to furnish money to build oth- 
er pews and finish more pews in the 
gallery. Windows, having glass, were 



not furnished for the house till 1790, at 
which time 660 was raised for that pur- 
pose. These windows were finished 
in 1791, and the committee drew orders 
on the touTi for making the sashes, glaz- 
ing and putting them in, July, 1783; 
and voted for finishing the porch 60x60, 
and yet after it Avas finished, it was not 
considered of much service to the town, 
for Aug. 15, 1786, it was voted to sell 
the "present porch to build a pound." 
Dan Hibbard and Moses Taylor agreed 
to build the pound 30 feet square of 
round poles for the porch. At the same 
meeting the town voted to build "stocks, 
and to iiave the post of the stocks be 
the whipping post." At the time the 
pews were built in 1788, the town voted 
to buUd another porch over the front 
door, 14 feet square in order to save 
room for four pews. The amount real- 
ised for the sale, of pews, 37 in num- 
ber, was 700. In 1791, the house was 
plastered for the first time at an expense 
of 8150 ; f?irthermore, Charles Dav- 
enport Jr. was hired by the town, that 
year, to sweep the meeting-house, once 
per quarter for the sum of 75 cents. 

[Information received since the above 
was in type.] 

John Hooker should, also, be include-l 
in the committee for building the 
church, chosen, Dec. 28, 1772. 
The pews were sold Nov. 20, 1786, for 
6479, and were built in 1788, with mon- 
ey thus received: 36 were sold and one 
reserved for the town, making 37 in all. 
In the first paragraph. May 1774 should 
be April 25, 1676. 

THE CONGREGATIONAL CHURCH 

in Dummerston was organized Aug. 18, 
1779, with 16 members : 

REV. JOSEPH FARRAR, FIRST PASTOR : 

members : Joseph Farrar, Thomas Hol- 
ton, Joseph Temple. Aaron Brooks, 



84 



VERMONT HISTORICAL MAGAZINE. 



John Crawford, John French, Joseph 
Temple Jr., Amos Rice, Mary French, 
Sarah Holton, Sarah Town, and Han- 
nah Brooks, Tlie Ecclesiastical Coun- 
cil which organized the church, repre- 
sented the chuches in Putney, Brattle- 
boro, and Chesterfiield, N. H. ; Jonah 
Goodhue was moderator. 

It is not stated in either church or 
town records, at what time Mr. Farrar 
began preaching in this town. He was 
probably installed in Aug. 1779. The 
first two children were baptised Atigust 
29, 1779, daughters of Samuel and Su- 
sanna Laughton, Esther and Susanna. 
The (thurch records were first kept on 
loose pieces of paper and some of them 
being lost, the account is imperfect. 

When Mr. Farrar was first settled, 
the town gave him a deed of the farm 
on which he resided during his ministry. 
The town acted in concert with the 
church in the management of its affairs, 
so far as respects the settlement and 
dismission of ministers, and payment of 
their salaries. During his pastorate, 
about 5 years, 129 children were bap- 
tised a large number compared with 

the infant baptisms in more mod- 
ern times. It may in part be accounted 
for by the fact persons not in full com- 
munion, were allowed to present their 
children in this ordinance. Frequent 
records are made to this effect. Certain 
persons renewed their covenant and be- 
came entitled to baptism for their chil- 
dren. Besides 32 persons were receiv- 
ed into fuU communion ; a few by letter, 
the rest by profession, and a large pro- 
portion were heads of families. These 
additions were scattered along, equally 
over the time of his pastorate. There 
was no special ingathering at any one 
time, and this constant increase would 
indicate faithfulness on the part of the 
pastor and a healthful growth of the 



church ; and it is probable that others 
were received into the church besides 
those who appear on the record. 

The church chose its first deacons in 
1783: Amos Rice, Thomas Laughton^ 
and Nathaniel Holmes. Mr. Farrar 
was dismissed May 12, 1784, by am 
ecclesiastical council in which were repre- 
sented the churches in Westminster, and 
Hinsdale, and Chesterfield, N. H.. 

May 31st. the town voted to accept 
the referees: John Sessions, Luke 
Knowlton, and John Bridgman, mutu- 
ally chosen on the 13th Inst, by Mr. 
Farrar on one part, and the church and 
town committee on the other. July 
22d., the town voted to have the select- 
men and their investors take the deed 
of Rev. Joseph Farrar, in behalf of 
the town. Also, voted imamimously 
to secure John Shepherd Gates, Will- 
iam Boyden, and Thomas Clark, the 
present selectmen, who have taken the 
deed of Mr. Farrar in behalf of the 
town, and make good all cost and dam- 
tages that may accrue to them by reason 
of any suitor suits brought against liliem 
on account of their obligatio us given^as 
aforesaid. In September the committee 
settled with Mr. Farrar and paid him 
the amount due on his salary. 

Some information concerning 

THE REV. JOSEPH FARRAR 

and family. Neither the church rec- 
ords, nor the town records of Dummer- 
ston, furnish any information in regard 
to Rev. Joseph Farrar's place of resi- 
dence before he was settled here in the 
ministry or where he went after his 
dismission. During the summer of 
1882, we chanced to see a copy of the 
"History of Marlboro, N. H." and 
learned several families, having the 
same name, Farrar, resided in that town. 
This history and a correspondence 
with the author, Charles A. Bemis, fur- 



DUMMERSTON. 



85 



nished this information . The name 
Farrar signifies iron, and was, doubt- 
less, first used to designate a locality 
where that metal wjis found. As a fam- 
ily name it was first known in England 
from Walkeline de Farrars, a Norman 
of distinction attached to William, Duke 
of Normandy, before the invasion of 
1066. From him, all of the name, in 
England and America, are descended. 
His son,Hemy de Farrars, was the first 
of the family to settle in England, soon 
after the Conquest. The family became 
very numerous in England. Among 
the original proprietors of Lancaster, 
Mass., were two brothers, John and Ja- 
cob, as early as 1653. Tradition says 
they came from Lancashire, England. 

Jacob, left his wife and children in 
England till a new residence was pre- 
pared for them in Lancaster, 1658. H-^ 
died in "Woburu, Mass., 1677. His eld- 
est son, Jacob, b. in England, probably 
about.1642, m. 1668, Hannah, dau. of 
George Hayward. He was killed by 
the Indians, Aug. 22, 1675. George, 
second son of Jacob Jr., b. Aug. 16, 
1670, m. Sept. 9, 1692, Mary Howe, 
and settled in that part of Concord, now 
Lincoln. He died May 15, 1760. His 
wife d. Apr. 12, 1761. Daniel, the 
second son of George and Mary (Howe) 
Farrar, b. Nov. 30, 1696 ; m. Hannah 
Fletcher ; settled in Sudbury, and died 
about 1755. Josiah, the eldest son of 
Daniel, b. Sept. 1722 ; m. 1745, Han- 
nah Taylor of Northboro. Her father, 
John Taylor, was a man of considerable 
note and a tory of the Revolution, whose 
name was borne by a former govenor 
of New Hampshire, John Taylor Gil- 
man. Daniel, a brother of Josiah was 
born in 1724 ; m. 1748, Mary — . 

Phineas, a son of Josiah, was the 
father of Calvin, whose eldest daughter, 
Caroline Eliza, married Levi Brown of 



Waterford, Maine, and became the 
mother of Charles Farrar Brown whose 
nom de plume was "Artemas Ward." 

Rev. Joseph Farrar was the third 
and youQgest son of George Farrar of 
Lincoln, Mass., and was boi-n probably 
in that town, June 30, 1744. He was 
doubtless, a great-grandchild of George 
Farrar, b. 1670, and whose death oc- 
curred in 1760. He graduated at Har- 
vard college, 1767, and married July 
28, 1779, Mary Brooks of Grafton, 
Mass., b. Feb. 4, 1755, and who lived 
to be over one hundred years old and 
celebrated her one-hundreth birth-day 
by attending church. Rev. John J, 
Putman preached, on the occasion, from 
Prov. XVI. 3. "The hoary head is a 
crown of glory, if it be found in the 
way of righteousness." 

The history of Dublin, N. H., states 
that Rev. Joseph Farrar was the first 
settled gospel minister in that town, or- 
dained June 10, 1772 ; dismissed June 
4, 1776, and enlisted in the Revolution- 
ary army, serving for a time as chap- 
lain and leaving the army became the 
first settled minister in Dummerston. 

Afler leaving Dummerston he became 
the first settled pastor in Eden, 1811; 
(Vol. II. Vt. His. Gaz) ; 1815, remov- 
ed to Petersham, Mass., where he died 
Apr. 5, 1816, aged 72 years. Children 
of Rev. Joseph and Mary Brooks Far- 
rar : 

Joseph, b. Apr. 4, 1780 ; resided in 
Petersham, Mass. 

Mary, b. Oct. 18, 1781, died Apr. 
13,1786; 

Joel, b. July 28, 1784. died April 
13, 1786; 

Reuel, born Nov. 5, 1786 ; settled in 
Petersham, Mass ; 

Anna, b. Feb. 10, 1789. Sally, b. 
Jan. 20, 1794 ; 

Humphrey, b. Aug. 13, 1798; set- 
tled in Petersham, Mass. 



86 



VERMONT HISTORICAL MAGAZINE. 



The salary of Rev. Mr. Farrar was 
40 pounds or $133 2-3 a year. A part 
of his salary was paid in hard money, 
the rest in produce and wood. June 
15, 1782, the town 

"Voted to except Wm. Negus & 
Lieut. Leonard Spaulding, to provide 
wood (24 cords) for Mr. Farrar one 
year from this Day for Ten Dollars or 
three Pounds." 

SIARRIAGES BY REV. JOSEPH FARRAR. 

Elijah Town and Mary Reed, June 29, 1780. 
Samuel Kelley, Margaret Howe, July 6, 17S0. 
Icliabod Knapp, Caty Miller, Dec. 10, 1780. 
Smith Butler, Thankful Houghton, Dec.301780. 
Samuel Knight, Susanna Burge, Jan. 4, 1780. 
John Miller, Polly Davenport, Apr. 1, 1781. 
Nathan Davis, Betty Negus May 10, 1781, 
Jahez Butler, Deliverance Whitney, May, 1781. 
Isaac Boyden, Elisabeth Laughton, Jan, 1781. 
Jonas Livermore, Sarah Woodbury, June,17Sl. 
John French, Rebecca Hay ward, Nov. 22, 1781. 
David Laughton, Mary Spaulding, Nov.20,1781. 
Silas Gates, Mary Laughton, Dec. 4, 1781. 
David Dutton, Polly Higgins, Jan. 3, 1782. 
Thos. Burnham Deliverence Graham, Jan. 1782 
Ezekiel Rice, Judith Willard, May, 22, 1782. 
John Burnham, Rhoda Wilson, July, 3, 1782. 
Cha's. Wilder, Sarah Spaulding, Oct. 27, 1782. 
Wm. Miller, Hannah Worden, Nov. 10, 1782. 
Abel Haven, Rachel French, Nov. 24, 1782. 
David Bond, Patty Sargeant, Dec. 1782. 
Samuel Gates, Susannah Laughton, Dec. 4, 1782. 
Samuel Negus, Sarah Cook, Jan. 30, 1783. 
Asa French, Mercy Rice, Apr. 17, 1783. 
Chas. Davenport .Jr., Polly Wood, May 8, 1783. 
Eijah Brown, Relief Haven, Oct. 8, 1783. 

Knight, Bethany Perry, Nov. 6, 1783. 



MARRIAGES BY JONA. KNIGHT ESQ. 

Marshall Miller,Wid. Abigail Boyden, Nov 1778. 
Natha. Haven, Wid. Eunice Farr, May, 1779. 
John Hasey, Mary Pratt, May 15, 1782. 
John Hill, Meribah, Perry, June 3, 1784. 
Lemuel Graham, Eunice Burnam, Aug.l9 1784, 
Lemuel Stoddard, Polly Thomas, Oct. 21, 1784. 
Benj. Alvord, Katherine, Davenport, Nov. 1784. 
Asa Wilder, Wid. Joanna Crawford, Dec. 1784. 
Abraham Rice, Lucy Nurse, Feb. 17, 1785. 
Ebenezer Brooks, Sarah Bliss, Apr. 1785. 
Samuel KelleJ^ Rebecca Choat, May 17, 1785. 
John Hill, Molly Graham, Mar. 8, 1786. 

MARRIAGES BY JUDGE JASON DUNCAN 

TO 1788. 
Joseph Shaw, Elisabeth Thomas, June 30, 1785 
Samuel Laughton, Anna Spaulding Dec. 14, 1786 
John Wymau Jr. , Susannah Cole, Nov. 22, 1786 
Jacob Laughton, Lydia Crosby, Aug. 14, 1787. 
Arad Holton, Rebecca Houghton, May 13,1787 
Thos. B. Barnes, Duaxy Negus, Dec. 26. 1787. 
Daniel Davenport, Hannah Rice' Jan. 21, 1787 



Andrew Willard, Caty Rice, Mar. 6, 1787. 
Sam'l Nichols, Dolly Blodget, Dec. 20, 1787. 
Jona. Boyden, Ruth Jefferson, Mar. 13, 1787. 
Jesse Hildreth, Lucy Severy, Sept.lO, 1787. 
Ebenz. Barber, Rebecca Alvord, Oct. 3, 1787. 

After the dismission of Mr. Farrar, 

REV. AARON CROSBY 

was employed in the ministry. The 
records of the church during his minis- 
try, as well as previous to it, are very de- 
fective. Mr. Crosby commenced his 
ministry in 1784, and preached about 
3 years without settlement. His sala- 
ry was raised from year to year by the 
town. In December 1786. a call was 
given to him to seltle and a salary offer- 
ered to him, £6{i per year, to be paid in 
grain. One third part in wheat at 4s. 
8d. per bushel ; one third in Indian corn 
at 2s. 8d. 

Mr. Crosby accepted the call and the 
salary giving any individual tax payer 
liberty to pay his share of it, in either 
kind of grain that would be most con- 
venient for him to spare. This privi- 
lege was given on condition that it be 
paid within three or four months when 
it became due. During Mr. Crosby's 
ministry there were 180 baptisms and 
about 50 admissions to the church. 

Difficulties arose in the town in those 
days : and an unhappy contest was con- 
inued for a long time, relating to the 
"ministerial lot of land." Some per- 
son engaged in this contest, destroyed 
the town-records, extending over eight 
pages ; and as no church records were 
kept, no particulars can be given. 

All that is to be found on the church 
book is the record of baptisms and ad- 
missions. By those who remember 
Mr. Crosby, he is said to have been "a 
good man;" but in the latter part of 
his ministry, "an abused man." 

There was a meeting of the church 
May 8, 1804, for the purpose of dis- 
missing of the pastor. The reason giv- 



DUMMERSTON. 



87 



en for asking a dismission was '•'want 
of health." The church voted to com- 
ply with his request. Four churches 
were represented in the council • Brat- 
tleboro, Newfane, Marlboro, and West- 
minster. The council met May 16, 
1804. Rev. Hezekiah Taylor, pastor 
of the church in Newfane, was chosen 
moderator, and Rev. Sylvester Sage of 
Westminster was appointed sci'ibe. Af- 
ter Mr. Crosby made a statement of 
the condition of his health and of his 
desire not to be a hinderance to t e sta- 
ted ministrations of the word and ordi- 
nances of the gospel, the council express- 
ed the unanimous opinion that it was 
expedient that his request should be 
granted. The chun h appears to have 
been in a harmonious state, were attached 
to their minister, and parted reluctantly 
with him, as also did the council. 

Mr. Crosby removed to Newfane and 
resided during the remainder of his life 
with a son who owned a farm there, — 
[As recorded in the history of Newfane, 
as also an account of his death. — ed.] 

Children of Rev. Aaron Crosby and 
Mary, his wife, were : Mary, born Nov. 
25, 1776, at Cherry Valley. New York ; 
Eli, b. Nov. 7, 1778, at Blanford, Mass. 

After Rev. Joseph Farrar, the first 
settled minister in town was dismissed, 
the town voted, a sum of money to sup 
ply the pulpit, and in 1785, the Rev. 
Aaron Crosby was paid for that ser- 
vice, and became afterward, the second 
settled minister for this town. 

Oct. 17. 1785, the town 
"voted to raise money or Produce to 
pay the Rev'd Aaron Crosby for the 
Half year which is to come." 

John Miller, a grandson of the col- 
lector, has in his possession the original 
bill of which the following copy is 
made : 

"To John Miller one of the collectors 
for the town of Dummesrton for the 



Present year 1785. You are hereby 
Commanded to Collect the Three fol- 
lowing Rates as they are Respectively 
set against each mans Name ot each 
Man and in the Articles as they are 
Written over the Head of each Rate 
The first is to pay the Rev.'d Aaron 
Crosby for his Years Preaching to be 
collected forthwith and paid into the 
Town Treasurer. The Second Name- 
ly the Stock Rate, they are to have 
the Stock ready by the first Day of 
May Next to answer a Note which Mr. 
Levi Baker has against the Selectmen. 
The third Rate Namely the Hard Mon- 
ey Rate to be paid by the first Day of 
March Next to the Town Treasurer 
which you are to collect & pay as afore- 
said and is to Answer a note which 
said Baker has against the Selectmen. 
N. B. For the Rev'd Aaron Crosby 
The Wheat at 4-8d. Rye at 3-4d and 
Indian Corn at 2-8d pr Bushel. 
Given under our Hands in Dummers- 
ton this 19th of Dec'br 1785. 



Th's Clark 
Wm. Boyden 



Selectmen. 



RATE BILL FOR MINISTER TAX 1785. 
Thisfli'St Rate to be paid in Grain; 
This second Ra^e to be paid in Neat Stock ; 
This third rate Rate to be paid in Hard 
Mony : 



Archebel Woods, 


03 2 l;01 7 1;00 8 2 


Nathiel Homes, 


0U7 2;0 7 33;0 3 30 


Joshua Bemiis, 


25 1;0 1 23;0 70 


Zachriah Cutler, 


23 0;0 1 12;0 60 


Samuel How, 


34 0;0 1 81;0 90 


William Lenord, 


69 0;0 3 42;0 1 6 


Wmiam Craford, 


23 0;0 1 12;0 6 


Boz'th franch. 


046 0;0230;0 1 00 


Leon'd Spaulding, Ju 


.0 34 2;0181;0 90 


Seth Hudson, 


7210;0 3111; 1 9 


Jonas Livermore Ju 


53 0;0 2 72;0 120 


Moses Givers, 


78 0;0 3I00;0 1 8 2 


Jonas Livermore, 


OlOIO 2;0 5 51;0 2 5 


Biniah Putman, 


06 90;034 2;0 1. 60 


Jonas Warker, 


12 11 1 ; 6 5 ; 2 10 2 


Ashbil Johnson, 


9 9 0; 410 2;0 2 2 


Shephard Gats, 


018 9 0;0 9 42;0 4 2 


Capt. John Kathan, 


0;0 7 50;0 3 3 2 


John Kathan Ju. 


0;0 7 102; 3 6 


John flatey (Florida) 117 2;0 5 92;0 27 


Elexander Kathan 


1 2 1 2;0] 3;0 4111 



VERMONT HISTORICAL MAGAZINE. 



John Kathan 3cl 


3 4 2;0 1 81; 


9 


Daniel Kathan Ju. 


2 3 0;0 112 


6 


Ebenezer Haven, 


19 10 2 ; 9 11 1 ; 


4 5 


Abel Haven, 


5 7 2;0 293 


13 


Joseph Haven, 


5 3 0;0 2 72, 


12 


Jonathan Knight, 


1 1 9 0;0"10 10 2; 


4 10 0, 


Solomon Cook, 


5 3 0;0 2 72, 


12 0, 


Vespachent MUler 


, 01310 2; 6111; 


3 10, 


Samuel Knight, 


4 6 0; 2 30; 


10 0; 


Wm. Boyden, 


119 0; 010102; 


4 10 0; 


David Laughton, 


2 3 0; 112; 


6 0; 


Marchel Miller, 


Oil 3 0; 5 72; 


2 6 0; 


John Miller, 


Oil 3 0; 5 7 2; 


2 6 0, 


Lenard Spalding, 


16 1 2 ; 8 3; 


3 7 0; 


Berziler Rice, 


7 6 0; 3 9 0; 


18 


Hose Miller, 


1 5 10 2; 12 11 1; 


5 9 0, 


Daniel Kathan 2d, 


1 510 2; 12 11 1 


5.9 0; 


John Killibry, 


012 11 1; 6 53, 


2 10 2 


GideenBarnam, 


2 3 0; 1 1 2: 


6 0, 


Jabez Butler, 


3 4 2; 8 1; 


9 0, 


Elijah Town Ju ; 


013 1 2; 6 6 3; 


5 11 0: 


Thomas Holt on. 


015 0; 7 6 0; 


3 4 0, 


Sam'l Laughton Ju. 16 10 2 ; 8 5 1; 


3 9 


Joseph Temple Jr 


012 6 3;0 6 3 1; 


2 5 2 


Lem'l Davenport, 


10 6 0:0 530 


2 4 


Joseph Nurse, 


09 00:0 4 60 


: 2 


Henry Stephens' 


6 4 2:0 321 


15 


John Butler, 


10 1 2 : 5 5 1 


2 3 


Arad Holton, 


01010 3:0 5 5 1 


2 5 


Asa Houghton, 


460:02 30 


10 0: 


Thomas turner. 


05 03:02 6 2 


112 


Wm. Wiman, 


09 00:04 60 


2 


Abel Butler. 


030 0:01 60 


8 


Isaac Boyden, 


0760:03 90 


18 


EphriahT.Hawl, 


0600:03 00. 


14 


Wm Sergent, 


13 1 2 : 6 6 3 : 


2 11 


Joel Knight, 


2 3 0; 1 1 2: 


6 0. 


Thomas Baker, 


6 4 2:0321 


15 0. 


John Bennit, 


046 0:0230 


•0100: 


Oliver Hale, 


0230:0112 


6 0: 


John Wyman, 


090 0:0460 


2 0: 


Calvin Butler, 


023 0:0112 


•0060: 


Daniel Gats, 


018 9 0: 9 4 2 


4 2 0: 


Nathan Cook, 


2 7 0:0133 


7 0: 


Daniel Davenport 


3 0:0160 


8 0: 


Jesse Knight, 


3 4 2:0181 


9 0: 


Ichob Knap, 


8 5 1:0423: 


111 0: 


Ebenezer Waight, 


053 0:0272 


12 0: 


Jacob Laughton, 


2 3 0:0112 


6 0: 


Paul Willson, 


3 4 2:0181 


9 0: 


Eliger Brown, 


3 4 2:0181 


9 0: 


Ebenezer How, 


034 2:0191 


9 0: 


Charls Wilder, 


034 2:0181 


9 0: 


Nathiel Haven, 


8 9 3:0440: 


111 2: 



Selvenus Ballard, 02 30:0 112:00 6 0: 

Thomas Gleson, 2 30:0112:00 60: 

Thomas Laughton, 7 40:03 80:017 0: 

Total 31 15 6 2:1612 9 2:7 610 0; 

The Rev. Aaron Crosby's salary was 
69 pounds or $220 a year. It is seen 
by the bill that he was paid in produce 
at the rate of 80 cents a bushel for wheat 
and 55 cts. fur rye, and 47 cents fo.' In- 
dian corn. Sept. 20, 1785, the town 

"Voted to raise a Penny on the Pound 
Valuation List to pay the Rev'd Aaron 
Crosby for Preaching." According to 
that vote the "'Valuation List" must 
have been £7626 in order to raise the 
£31 15s. 6d. as made out in the tax 
bill, nearly the half year's salary as the 
vote was intended to raise. Samuel 
Williams' History of Vermont, printed 
in 1794, revised in 1809, states that 
the Property Valuation of Dummerston 
in 1781, was £2970 (S9900) ; in 1791, 
£4978 (S16,593) ; and in 1806, it was 
$21,429. According to the vote and 
tax bill for 1785, the "Valuation List," 
including the polls for that year, would 
be $25,420. This would make a grand 
list for the year, 1880, of $254,20." 

After Mr. Crosby's dismission, the 
church was without a stated pastor till 
Mar. 20, 1808 ; when 

REV. HOSEA BECKLEY 

was settled. He received his call Jan. 
26th. and was ordained Mar. 2, 1808, 
by a council of which Rev. Gessham 
Lyman was moderator and Rev. E. D. 
Andrew, scribe. Nothing further was 
recorded about the ordination ; nor were 
there any records of the church kept 
by Mr. Beckley, during his ministry of 
23 years. After preaching a few years, 
he was dismissed and was absent for a 
short time, when he again received a 
call from the church ; was installed and 
remained till 1836. There have subse- 
quently been recorded, 150 names of 
persons, who joined the church during 
his ministry. Forty were admitted at 
one time. He was the author of a 



DUMMERSTON, 



89 



History ofVermoBt which he had near- 
ly prepared for the press, -when he was 
suddenly arrested by death — leaving no 
other patrimony to his bereaved faaiiily, 
but the worii in manuscript, upon which 
he had bestowed much labor, and which 
was published in 1846, for the benefit 
of his widow. He died Oct- 15, 1843, 
JE. 64 years. Rev. Amos Foster of 
Putney preached the funeral sermon, 
taking for hLs text. Precious in the sight 
of the Lord ls the deiith of his saints. 
Ps. 116:15. 

Lydia Pieison, wife of Mr. Beckley 
died May 9, 1857,^ 71 ye^irs lOmos, 
20 d, 

"The History of Chesterfield," N. 
H., by Oran Randall, pub. 1882, in- 
forms us : Lydia Pierson, wife of Rev. 
Hosea Beckley, was a direct descendant 
of Rector Pierson, the first president, 
of Yale College. Their daughter, Jane 
Louisa, m. 1st. Oct. o, 1840, Nelson 
W., son of Mason Herrick ; 2d. June, 
1861, Alonzo C. Wood. David Web- 
ster, son of Rev. Hosea Beckley, m. 
May 9, 1849, Mary H., dau. of Bela 
Chase, and lived in Chesterfield, where 
he engaged in trade for a time. He re- 
moved to Keene, where he died, April 
15, 1879. —Cor>. 



EARLY SETTLERS CONTINUED. 

OKVIS FAMILY. 

SAMUEL ORVis was from Framingham, 
Ct. and came to Northfield, Mass., Jan. 
30, 1718, where he was offered 30 acres 
of land, on condition that he would 
come with his family and stay 4 years. 
In 1720, he sold land to Rev. Benjamin 
Doolittle and his home-iot to Stephen 
Belding. 

William Orvis was probably a son of 
Samuel, and born in Shrewsbury, Ct. 
1709. He was in Winchester in 1743 
12 



Nortlifield, 1749, and died June 14, 
1774. His first wife, Anna, died Aug. 
19, 1746, He married 2d, Martlia, 
in 1750, who died Sept. 30, 1754, and 
in 1755, Elizabeth Severance for his 
third wife. His son, William, born 
May 8, 1740, removed to Ley den about 
1785. He married about 1764, Mind- 
well, a sister of Thomas Holton who 
afterwards was a resident of Dmnmers- 
ton, to which place William removed, 
and died Jan. II. 1801, aged 61 years, 
William Orvis, 8en. was in the Old 
French and Indian wars. His name 
M-as on the roll of Lt- John Ca.tlin's 
men from Dec. 10, 1747, to June 10, 
1748. Lt. Catlin, with 39 men, was 
posted at Fort Shirley in the winter of 
1747 The name of William Orvis, 
also, appears in the list of proprietors 
of Northfield, Mass., in 1751. He 
o'HTied and paid taxes on 100 acres, lot. 
No. 16, 4th division. He was in the 
last French and Indian war, 1756, and 
his name appears on Capt. John Cat- 
lin"s muster roll, 2d. Co., "in service at 
the westward," Oct. 13, to Dec. IL 
' 'History of Northfield by Temple and 
Sheldon." 

BLTLER FAMILY. 

JABEZ LLTLER was a Revolutionary 
soldier. He died and was buried in 
the cemetery east of the Hollow. Dur- 
ing his last sickness, he requested that 
he might be buried with military hon- 
ors. He was laid out, in his uniform, hav- 
ing on a military hat, boots and spurs. 

His sword was sheathed and fasten- 
ed to a belt-buckle around his body. 
Thus uniformed he was laid in the cof- 
fin and buried with his head to the 
northwest and feet to the southeast. 
Two graves, one each side of his, are 
made in the same way. No stone marks 
his resting place. In accordance with 
his request, a certain number of bricks 



90 



VERMONT HISTORICAL MAGAZINE. 



was laid in mortar on his grave and on 
that foundfftion was built a fence three 
rails high, made of 3-inch scantling, 
set diamonding in the posts and painted 
white. The fence has long since gone 
to decay and the brick foundation brok- 
en up and much scattered. 

ABEL BUTLER married Rebecca, dau. 
of Thomas Laughton, Sen. Children : 
Rebecca, b. Apr. 24, 1788 ; Abel, born 
Jan. 5, 1790 ; Liu-y, b. Apr. 4, 17&2 ; 
Sally, b. 1794; d. 1705; Sally {2d), 
b. San. 7, 179G ; Candace, b. Apr. 12. 
1788. 

JABEZ BUTLER, brother of Abel, m. 
Deliverance Whitney, May 12, 1781, a 
sister of Maj. Josiah Boyden's wife. 

SILAS BUTLER, brother of Abel, m. 
1st. Mercy Orvis, May 15, 1796, 2d. 
Sdlly McFarland Jan. 25, 1819. The 
children by the first marriage were 
Hiram, b. Apr. 14, 1799, Mercy, born 
June 14, 1802 ; Maria, born Sept. 27, 
1804. 

JOHN BUTLER, another brother of 
Abel, married Lucy Boy den, Oct. 16, 
1788. She was a sister of Col. Wm. 
Boy den. 

Polly Butler was a sister of Abel, 
Silas, Jabez, Calvin and John. She 
married Pairla (Perley) Town, Sept. 
5, 1803, and they lived at the "-upper 
mill" near the George Knapp place. 
Her parents died when she was young. 

Abigail, wife of Joha Butler, died 
May 10, 1785, aged 50, and they, John 
and Abigail, may have been the par- 
ents of these Butlers, though not cer- 
tain. Possibly Paul Butler was their 
father. 

Abel and Rebecca Butler lived sever- 
al years on the place now owned by 
Milton Knapp. T^hey removed from 
town many years ago. 

PETER BUTELR mar ied Betsey Laugh- 
ton, Apr. 30, 1795. She was an aunt 



of Asa Laughton, who died 1888. After 
the marriage of Peter, he lived for a 
time in the sstoae house with Jabez But- 
ler. The house stood on the north side 
of a little brook which runs through the 
farm of James Reed north of his build- 
ings. A son of Peter, sis or eight 
years of age, was drowned, while fish- 
ing with older children, in the brook 
where it enters the land now owned by 
Sylvanus Kelley. 

Calvin Butler marric^d Obedience Hol- 
to-n and the name of one child, Ira, is 
recorded, born Nov. 11, 1787. 

JOHN BUTLER, who married Phebe 
Chase of Brattleboro, Aug. 7, 1791, 
lived where Lemuel Dickinson now re- 
sides. Their children were Whitney, 
b. May 12, 1792 ; Philmda, b. Mar. 19, 
1796; Ora, b. Oct. 15, 1798. John 
was a cousin of Abel Butler. 

SMITH BUTLER m. Tluiuklul Hough- 

ton Dec. 20, 1780, who died Dec. 27, 
1783, aged 27. 

SIMEON BUTLER married Nabby Rice 
June 10, 1789. 

LUTHER B UTLER married Han nah Wil - 
son of Putney, Aug. 25, 1790. 

TEMPLE FAMILY. 

MOSES TEMPLE was the ancestor of the 
Temples who settled in Dummerston be- 
fore 1770. According to the usual dif- 
ference in time from generation to gen- 
eration, he was born 1665. His son, 
Richard, was the father of 

JOSEPH TEMPLE, SETST., 

who was born about 1718. Joseph Sen. 
was a native of Massachusetts and a 
cooper by trade. He married Mary, 
sister of Samuel Laughton ; — children : 

Joseph, b. in Worcester, Mass., Dec. 
23, 1734 ; Parmenasm. Anna, dau. of 
John Laughton Jr. about 1777 ; 

Amos, unmarried; Samuel m. wid- 
ow Wing ; Daniel, unmarried ; Joanna 



DUMMEESTON. 



91 



married 1st. John Citiwford, 2d. Aarou 
Wilder Dec. 26, 1784; 

Phebe "died of nervous headache." 

Joseph Sen., Joseph Jr. and John 
Crawford were among the membei's of 
the Congregational church when first 
organized in 1779. 

Joseph Sen. set out seven small elms 
near his son's house, now occupied by 
Alonzo Bradley. Only one of these 
trees is left standing. It measures I'S 
feet around, is nearly 100 feet in height 
and estimated to contain 8 cords of 
wood. It stands in the roadside a few 
rods north ol' the houhe, and a statelier 
looking tree, the passer-by will seldom 
find. 

It is also related of Mr. Temple that 
on one occasion, when he was return- 
ing on horse-back from a visit to Wor- 
cester, a violent storm of wind arose. 
While passing through the wo<")ds, he 
saw trees falling iB every direction and 
and hurried on to escape the impenfling 
■<langer. Soon after leaving the woods, 
lie looked back and saw that the hurri- 
cane had swept down the whole forest 
through which he had just passed. The 
same storm did much damage in Dum- 
merston. On the Miller farm joining 
the Temple place, a wood lot was blown 
down, in which the cows out at past- 
ure, had taken refuge, and it was sup- 
posed that all the cattle were killed by 
falling trees. On making search for 
the coAvs, the men took knives with 
them for the purpose of removing the 
hides. As they approached the woods, 
they heard the cow -bell sounding, and 
very soon found all the cattle safe in an 
enclosure, made by the fallen trees, 
from which they could not escape till a 
passage was cut. 

JOSEPH TEMPLE, JR., Settled on lot, 
No. 36, in the town survey, made in 
1767. He walked from Worcester, 



bringing what few things he had in a 
pack on his shoulders. His first work 
on the new farm was in cutting a large 
hollow bass-wood and fitting it for a 
place in which to sleep. He was oblig- 
ed to build fires near his sleeping place 
at night in order to keep away wild 
animals. His log-house was built about 
70 rods S. W. from the present build- 
ings on the farm and its site may still 
be seen whenever the land is ploughed. 
That portion of the farm on which it 
stood, including several acres of land 
was sold many years ago, and it is now 
a part of Joseph Miller's farm. Mr. 
Temples parents came from Woi'cester 
to live with him on his new homestead. 
His father was in poor health and died 
of consumption some years afterAvard. 

Joseph Jr., married 1st. Elizabeth 
Wilder and had two children that died 
in infancy. He mart-ied 2d, Lois Hub- 
bard of Chesterfield, N. H. She and 
her parents were residents of Rutland, 
Mass., and her brother, Ephraim. 
came to Chesterfield before 1770. Her 
father married 1st., Ruth Gates, 2d, 
Sarah Billings. Lois, Ruth, and Eph- 
raim Hubbard were children by the first 
mai-riage. Ruth m. Francis Maynard, 
Ephraim m. 1st. Lucy Willard, 2d. 
Thankful Butler, wid. of Josiah But- 
ler. The children by the 2d marriage 
were Amos, who m. Leah Earr ; Oli- 
ver m. Lois Baker ; James m. 

Browning ; Jonathan ; Joel m. Phebe 
; Molly m. Jason Reed. 

The children of Joseph and Lois 
Temple were : 

Elizabeth, b. Oct. 27, 1772, m. An- 
thony Masonof Putney, Jan. 20, 1793 ; 

Lois, b. Jan. 1, 1775, m. Samuel 
Murdock. 

Sarah, b. June 21, 1778. m. Lewis 
Fisher of Putney, Feb. 19, 1806 ; 

Joseph, b. Jan. 18, 1781. 



32 



VERMONT HISTORICAL MAGAZINE. 



The father of these children was in 
the skirmish at Westminster, Mar. 13, 
1775. He was knocked clown and, for 
a time, supposed to be -lead. His skull 
was fractured on the left side of the 
forehead, and the scar remained during 
life. He had a pewter basin, which he 
carried, with a blanket, in his knap- 
sack. It was hit by one or two bul- 
lets which did not penetrate, but left 
depressions. The marks were so plain- 
ly to be seen that the basin was kept, 
as a relic, in the family many years. 
At last a tin peddler secured the trophy 
for old pewter, but not by fair means. 
He took advantage of Joseph Temple's 
(3d) good nature, crushed the basin 
with his hands, spoiling it for a relic, 
and then paid the price which Mr. Ten"- 
ple asked for the spoiled dish. 

Joseph Jr., deeded the farm to his 
son, Joseph. Mar. 16, 1802, who m., 
Dec. 29, 1803, Amy, dau. of William 
Perry of Putney, a sea captain. Their 
children were : 

Amos, b. Sept. 9, 1804, ra. Maril- 
la Bennett. 

Amy, b. Jan. 24, 1807, m. Alfred 
Bennett, Nov. 12, 1829 ; 

Sally, b. 1809, married Calvin Brad- 
ley Nov. 12, 1829 ; 

Emeline, b. Dec. 12, 1814 ; Zilpha, 
b. Mar. 19, 1819, m. Willa d Dodge, 
Sept. 5, 1837. 

When Mr. Temple and wife became 
aged, he deeded the farm, Apr. 9, 
1859, to Alfred Bennett and continued 
to live with him on the old homestead. 

Mr. Bennett had four children : two 
died young. Harriet, his daughter, 
m. Alonzo Bradley ; Joseph F., his son, 
m. Augusta Bradley, and his father, 
Alfred, deeded the farm to him Jan. 8, 
1872. He died May 23, 1872, aged 
69. 

Joseph F. Bennett died Oct. 15, 1875, 
leaving a widow and one daughter. 



The three Joseph Temples and their 
wives died on the old homestead. Jo- 
seph Jr., died Mar. 23, 1832, aged 88 ; 
Lois, his wife, d. June 23, 1829, aged 
88 ; Joseph (3d) died Mar. 16, 1870, 
aged 89 ; Amy, his wife, d. Aug. 31, 
18G1, aged nearly 82. 

COL. WILLIAM SARGEANT 

and Rachel, his wife, were residents al- 
also in this town as far back as Revolu- 
tionary times. Their children were : 
Sarah, b. July 10, 1780; William 
Todd, Sept. 1, 1782 ; Mary, Sept. 23, 
1784; James, Avig. 28, 1786; Jona- 
than, July 10, 1788 ; Benjamin, Dec. 
21, 1790; George, Dec 12, 1792; 
Charles, Oct. 9, 1794; and Lucretia, 
Mar. 28, 1797. 

JA&ON DUNX'AN, 

Assistant judge of the county court 4 
years and town clerk 29 years, d. Dec, 
15, 1839, aged 90. Sarah Gates, his 
wife, died Sept. 13, 1842, aged 86 yrs. 
Their children were Joseph, born Aug. 
24, 1776, m. Miranda Taylor d. in 
Chester, 1863, aged 87 ; Jonas, b. Aug. 
15, 1778, d. Mar. 13, 1813 ; Jason, b. 
Sept. 18. 1780, d. in Newfane ; Silas, 
b. Mar. 12, 1783, d. Feb. 15, 1784; 
Priscilla, b. Feb. 15, 1785 ; Samuel, 
b. Feb. 15, 1788 ; Alvan, b. Nov, 19, 
1791, d. in Leicester, Mass.. Aug. 2, 
1813 ; Tyler, b. Aug. 8, 1794 ; Sarah, 
b.Mar. 19,1797. 

Jason Duncan was the first school- 
teacher in town. Wheu a young man, 
he taught a small school in a dwelling- 
house on the river road in the eastern 
part of the town. [It is, also stated on 
page 36, that Charles Davenport taught 
the first school ] 

Samuel Duncan was a distant rela- 
tive of Dr. Abel and first cousin to 
Judge Duncan. Samuel lived and died 
on the place where Clark Rice once 
lived. No buildings are now standing 



n 



1^ C^^'l;^ 



M 
^ 




C/ 






DUMMERSTON. 



93 



in the place He had a family of 1 1 
children. Samuel, his son, died on the 
same place where his father had lived. 

The earliest record we have of the 
Duncan family is that of 

JOHN DUNCAN 

and Sarah Button, who were born in 
Massachusetts, probably, about 1690. 
Their children were : Sarah, who m. 
Uriah Parmeter of Sudbury, Mass. ; 
John m. Sarah Rogers ofBillerica; 
Samuel ra. 1st. Mehitable Barton of 
Sutton, 2d. Hannah Livingston ; 

Daniel m. Sarah Rice of Conway ; 
Simeon m. Bridget Richardson of Bil 
lerica ; Abigail m. Samuel Stone, of 
Ireland. 

BiUerica was first settled about the 
year 1653, and among the names of the 
first principal settlers are John Rogers 
and Thomas Richardsou, probably, an- 
cestors of the wives of John and Sim- 
. eon Duncan. 

'■'During the French and Indian war, 
Aug. 5, 1695, the Indians made an at- 
tack on the inhabitants of this place. In 
the northerly part of the town, on the 
east of Concord river, lived several 
families, who, though withoat garri- 
sons and in time of war, felt no appre- 
hensions of danger. Their remot?ness 
from the frontiers might have contrib- 
uted to their apparent security. The 
Indians came suddenly upon them in 
the day time. They entered the house 
of John Rogers while he was sleeping, 
and discharged an arrow at him, which 
entered his neck and pierced the jugu- 
lar vein. Awakened by this sudden 
attack, he started up, seized the arrow, 
which he forcibly withdrew, and expir- 
ed will the instrument of death in his 
hand. A woman being in the chamber, 
threw herself out of the window, and, 
though severely Avounded, made her es- 
cape coaeaHng herself among the flags. 

A young woman was scalped and 
left for dead but survived the painful 
operation, and lived many years after- 



wards. A son and daughter of Mr. 
Rogers were made prisoners. Thomas 
Rogers and his son were kiUed." 

The children of Daniel and Sarah 
(Rice) Duncan were : Sally m. James 
Jackscn of Petersham. Mass ; 

John m. Rebecca Meacham of New 
Salem ; Daniel m. Zurvilla Rice of 
"Worcester, Mass. 

Lovina m. John Rice of Petersham ; 
Abel m. Lydia Mills of Petersham, 
about 1770; children : Abel Jr., b. in 
Petersham, Feb. 22, 1772; Nathan 
m. Betsey Winn of Chester ; Rufus 
m. Lucy Kimbol of Chester ; Anna m. 
Amos Heald of Chester ; 

Lucy m. Jason Duncan Jr. of Dum- 
merston ; Charles m. Patty Carter of 
Weathersfield ; Johnm. Caroline Hast- 
ings of Charlestown, N. H. ; 

Arad ; George ; Lydia m. Daniel 
Church of Chester. 

JOSEPH DUNCAN ESQ., 

was town clerk 37 years. He repre- 
sented the towm in 1828, '29, '36, '37. 
He lived on the paternal farm many 
years and was much respected as a cit- 
izen of the town. He was a consist- 
ent member of the Congregational 
church and a leader of the choir in 
singing for a long time. His father. 
Judge Duncan, had b-ien leader of the 
choir after the church was organized in 
1779. 

Joseph Duncan mai-ried Miranda 
Taylor, who died in Chester. Children b. 
in Dummerston : Miranda, b. July 7, 
1797 ; Joseph, b. Dec. 14, 1798, m. 1st. 
Maria Blake, 2d. Loretta S. Pratt, Dee. 
2, 1820 ; Silas, b. 1801, d. 1803 ; Or- 
samus, b. May 2, 1804 ; Sophia, born 
Mar. 23, 1810, m. Linus Williams Aug. 
5, 1834 ; Samuel, G., b. Sept. 27, 1812, 

m. ; Hoyt, Eliza A., b. Jan. 

20, 1815, m. Edwin Bemis. 



94 



VERMONT HISTORICAL MAGAZINE. 



DR. ABEL DUNCAN 

married Lydia Miller dau. of Hosea 
and Lydia (West) Miller, born in Dum- 
merston Nov. 8, 1778 ; married Aug. 
28, 1805 ;— 

Children : Charles Morris, born July 
1, 1808, married Lucinda P^stabrook 
of Brattleboro, dau. of John Estabrook 
and Lucinda Stockwell, his wife, Aug. 
1833. Fanny Maria, b. June 22, 1810, 
m. Joel Knight Jr. Jan. 1, 1829 ; 

Lydia Eveline, b. Aug. 1, 1313, m. 
Marshall Newton, Apr. 4, 1833. 

Mrs. Duncan died in 1869, aged 90. 

The spotted fever, a violent epidemic, 
raged in town in the winter of 1812-13, 
and many died. Dr. Abel Duncan was 
very active and successful, but at length 
was attacked with the fever, himself, 
and died Mar. 5, 1813, aged 42 years. 
Dr. C. M. Duncan was a son of Dr. 
Abel Duncan and was in practice for 
a time. He removed to Sherburne, 
Mass. 

Simeon Duncan, Avho married Bi'idg- 
et Richardsoa, was the father of Judge 
Jason Duncan, who died in Dummers- 
ton, Dec. 15, 1839, aged 90 years. Ja- 
son Duncan and Dr. Abel Duncan's fa- 
ther were cousins. The Judge married 
Sarah Gates about 1774. 

DR. SEWELL WALKER, 

an early physician of Dummerston, 
was the seventh son of Jonas and Sa- 
rah (Davis) Walker, born March 10, 
1796. He m. 1st. Lucretia, daughter 
of Marshall Miller. Children : Lucre- 
tia, b. Aug. 6, 1825, married Pliny F. 
Walker ; 

Esther, b. Mar. 26, 1828, m. Loren- 
zo D. Thayer ; Alexander C, b. Sept. 
26, 1829, m. and lives in Farley, Iowa. 

Dr. Walker, m. 2d. Catharine Be- 
mis, Oct. 21, 1838. 



The children of Jonas aud Polly 
(Miller) Walker were Laura, b. Nov. 
28. 1814, m. Mason Bennett ; Levi M. 
b. May 25, 1816, m. 1st. Mrs. A'daline 
Winslow, 2d., Pi'iscilla Sampson ; 

Jonas b. 1818, d. 1826 ; George W. 
b. Sept. 25, 1822, m. Susan Dutton ; 
Emily, b. May 30, 1726, m. James 
Brown : 

Eliza, b. Sept. 1, 1827, m. S. J. Smith ; 
Jane b. Aug. 4, 1831, m. Anthony 
Huntley; Caroline, b. Aug. 7, 1819, 
died 1820. 

The children of Daniel and Mary 
(StockwellJ) Walker were : Dana, born 
Apr. 30, 1809, m. . 

Joel, b. Sept. 9, 1810, m. ; 

Sally, b. 1812, d. 1834: 

Edson, b. Oct. 27, 1813, m. ; 

Harriet N.. b. Apr. 24, 1815, m. 1st. 
Wm. Bennett, 2d. Marcus Perry ; 

Relief, b. Sept. 15, 1817, m. Gran- 
ville French ; 

Mary, b. Dec. 14. 1819, m. ' 

Eaton of New Salem, Mass. 

Daniel 2d. b. 1822, d. 1854 ; Sam- 
uel N., b. Apr. 1824, married Julia A. 
Miller ; 

Pliny F., b. Jane 4. 1826, m. Lucre- 
tia Walker. 

The children of Reuben and Lydia 
(Miller) Walker were : 

Lucretia, b. Sept. 26, 1822, m. Sam- 
uel Martin ; 

Chester H., b. Jan. 5, 1824, m. 
Sarah Martin ; 

Julia and Jane, Feb. 23, 1828 ; Jane 
d. young, Julia m. Charles E. Taft. 

Horatio N.,b. Jan. 17, 1830, m. 
Carrie French ; 

Marshall, b. Dec. 12, 1831, m. Nel- 
lie Fairbanks ; 

Sarali R., b. Jan. 31, 1839, m. Dr. 
Clark. 

Phineas. the eldest brother of Dr. 



DUMMERSTON. 



95 



Sewall Walkei". married, probably, An- 
na Newton, who had a daughter, Deb- 
orah Newton, b. May 2, 1808. Their 
chikben were : Louisa, born Dec. 17, 
1810; Lyman P., b. June 19, 1812; 
Elvira, b. Apr. 11, 1814. 

Dr. Walker prosecuted his profes- 
sional studies with Doctor Alexander 
Campbell, then of Putney and received 
the degr e of M. D. from the Academy 
of Medicine at Castleion, Dec. 2, 1823. 
He was elected a member of the Medi 
cal Society of Middlebury, Vt.June 19, 
1822, at a meeting of the Society held 
at Middlebury at that time. He had 
previously been elected a member of 
the Dartmouth Medical Society at Han- 
over, Nov. 2, 1820. He was elected a 
member of the Vermont Second Medi- 
cal Society established in the County 
of Windham, June 14, 1824. He com- 
menced the practice of medicine in his 
native town where the whole of his 
professional life was spent. He was 
twice married. His second wife sur- 
vived him several years. He lived 
with his first wife, Lucretia Miller, 13 
years. She was the mother of three 
cJiildren, now living. The death of 
Dr. Walker was a severe public loss, 
having fulfilled the duties of his profes 
sion for about 40 years. He attended 
faithfully upon the sick ones committed 
to his care, never neglecting his pa- 
tients, and his success was equal to his 
fidelity. The disease which terminated 
his life was an attack of the lungs. He 
died Apr. 14, 1868, aged 66 years. 

Mary, second daughter of Doctor 
Sewall Walker (overlooked in the fore- 
going record) b. Apr. 1824, m. first 
Loyal Smith, 2d. Benj. F. Willard. 
For Portrait see frontisplate . 

DR. THOMAS AMSDEN 

was a resident in 1778. (Of whom we 
have no further particulars.) 



DR. ISAAC N. KNAPP 

was a cotemporary of Dr. Walker, both 
were physicians in 1831, and both had 
a long and extensive practice. Doctor 
Knapp died Aug. 23, 1856, aged 67. 

DR. THOMAS BAKER, 

\^The candid Doctor, '\ 
Came to this town from Oxford, Mass., 
1783. It is said, on one occasion in 
his practice, he was called to see a sick 
person in the evening but being in a 
condition not to deal out medicine, in- 
telligently, at the time, as members of 
the family noticed, his prescription was 
not used. Very early, next morning, 
the Doctor came in haste and asked ex- 
citedly about the patient and the medi- 
cine. After learning that the medicine 
had not been given as he ordered, he 
said, after looking at it, "You did "vvell 
not to give it to the Avoman, for if you 
had it would have killed her dead as the 
devil." "The fact is," said he, "peo- 
ple wait till they are almost dead, then 
send for drunken Dr. Baker." 

JONAS WALKER 

died Feb." 13, 1817, aged 67 ; Sarah, 
his wife, d. 1831, aged 76. Their chil- 
dren were iPhineas, b. Oct. 11, 1779 ; 
Jonas, b. June 25, 1781 ; Daniel, b. 
July 11, 1783; Lyman, b. June 25, 
1785 ; William, b. May 22, 1787; 
Sally, b. March 15, 1790; John, b. 
Jan. 29, 1793; Sewall, b. March 10, 
1796, and Reuben, b. Mar. 29, 1798. 

CLARK FAMILY. 

THOMAS CLARK, a resident of this 
town in 1760, came from Worcester, 
Mass. That portion of Worcester, in 
which he lived, together with parts of 
Sutton, Leicester, and Oxford, was in- 
corporated a town by the name of Ward 
in 1778, and was so named in honor of 
Artemas Ward, the first Major-Gener- 



96 



VERMONT HISTORICAL MAGAZINE. 



al in the Revolutionary war, who died 
at Shrewsbury, Oct. 28, 1700. It re- 
ceived the name of Auburn, in 1837. 
Mr. Clark married Catherine Ward, 
about 1772 ; children : Thaddeus, b. 
May 13, 1775, d. Sept. 17, 1777 ; 

Thomas, b. July 20, 1767, m. Mrs. 
Martha (Tenney) Bond, Dec. 27, 
1818; 

Thaddeus, b. Mar. 2, 1779, married 
Catherine Ryan of Putney, died — ; 

Jonas, b. July 29, 1781, m. Betsey 
Florida, Jan. 16, 1803 ; 

Amasa, u. Oct. 23, 1783, m. 1st. 
Arathusa Whitcomb. 2d. Mrs. Phebe 
(Boyden) Bemis ; 

Gardner, b. Nov. 28, 1785, d. July 
12, 1825; 

Catherine, b. May 8, 1788, m. Ezra 
Florida, Nov. 26, 1811 ; 

Polly, b. Aug. 24, 1790, m. 1st. John 
Robertson, Mar. 28, 1814, 2d. Samuel 
Knight, 1844 ; 

John, b. Mar. 12, 1795, m. Sarah 
Stockwell, June 10, 1810, died,—. 

Thomas and Catherine Clark lived to 
be quite aged. He died Jan. 26, 1837, 
aged 91 ; she died May 3, 1834, aged 
84. 

Children of Thomas and Martha 
Clark : Martha, b. Oct. 30, 1819, m. 
William E. Ryther of Bernardston, 
Mass. Mary, b. July 25, 1823, m. 1st 
George Hildreth, 2d, Alonzo Button ; 
Thomas, b. Apr. 19, 1825, m. Julia 
A. Adams of Marlboro ; 

Eli, b. May 4, 1828, m. Cornelia 
Hubbard of Royalston, Massachusetts. 
Thomas died Nov. 24, 1765, aged 
88 ; Martha, his wife, died, 1840, aged 
55. 

Jonas and Betsey Clark had a daugh- 
ter, Catherine, who m. Orrin Heath of 
Corinth, also, a son, John. Jonas d. 
Dec. 22, 1866, aged 85. 

Children of Amasa and Arathusa 



Clark: Catherine F., b. Oct. 3, 1814, 
n). John Woodbury ; 

Caroline A., m. Alvin D. French. 
She died and he married, 2d. Mrs. Phe- 
be (Boyden) Bemis, and had one son, 
Charles A., who married Ellen Farr of 
Chesterfield, N. H. 

Amasa died Nov. 30, 1856, aged 
83. Catherine, who married Ezra 
Florida, died Sept. 27, 1827. Mary 
(Polly), her sister, died Jan. 2, 1883, 
aged 92. 

When her first husband, Mr. Rob- 
ertson, died and his property was set- 
tled she offered to take, as her share, a 
piece of land worth $1500, but the heirs 
preferred to give her $100 a year in- 
stead so long as she lived. The amt. 
paid to her by the heirs was $4300. 

John married Sarah Stockwell, Mar. 
31, 1818; their children: John S. m. 
Louisa, an adopted daughter of Thad- 
deus Clark. 

George AV. married Mary Ann Boy- 
den, Sept. 2, 1644; 

Laura m. Dr. A. F. Tuttle of Clin- 
ton, Mich ; 

Charles F. ; Jane m. Enoch G. Cook ; 
Fletcher M. 

James Clark married Betsey Duncan, 
Oct. 14, 1800. 

Nathaniel and Lydia Clark were the 
parents of Warren, b. 1809, and Fer- 
dinand, b. 1810. 

Moses Clark married Lucy Cook, 
June 10, 1810. 

Arba Clark m. 1st. Laura Knight, 
Jan. 18, 1820 ; had one son, Osman ; 
married 2d. Catherine Black July 26, 
1835. 

JOHN FRENCH, 

who tended the first grist-mill built in 
town, at Slab Hollow, was born July 
2, 1735 ; Mary Wilcox, his wife, June 
22, 1740, m. Dec. 10, 1759. Children: 
John, b. Oct. 10, 1760, d. Mar. 17, 



DUMMERSTON. 



9? 



1847, aged 87; Sarah, born Mar. 28 
1762; 

Rachel, b. Mar, 28, 1764. m. Abel 
Haven ; Mmbod, b. Nov. 26, 1767 ; 

Abel, b. Mar. 3, 1769 ; Mary, born 
Nov. 24, 1770- 

Reuben, b. July 11, 1772; Jemima, 
h. June 24, 1774; Silence, born June 
13, 1776; 

Joel, b. Dec. 10, 1773, died 1779 ; 
Joel 2d., b. Mar. 31, 1780; i 

Rebecca, b. June, 1783; Solomon,! 
h. Apr. 9, 178o« Sarah married Ich- 
iibod Onion, and when she died, he 
married Jemima for his second wife. 
Their children had the name. Onion 
changed to Deming. 

MARSHALL MILLEU 

married widow Abigail Boyden, Nov. 

17, 1778. Their childrpn were : Abi- 
gail, b. July 30, 1779, died Oct. 13, 
1801 ; Marshall, b. Oct. 21, 1780, m. 
1st. Betsey Campbell, she died Apr. 26, 

1813, aged 26 years, 2d. Sophia Char- 
lotte Porter, daughter ^f Hon, Samuel 
Porter July 9, 1815, who died July 

i2, 1860, aged 79 years 9 mos. 

Luther, b. Mar, 7, 1782. m. Lurane 
Knapp, died Apr. 2, 1832 ; Thomas, b. 
Apr. 21, 1783, married Harriet Moore, 
May 9, 1810, died Mar. 25, 1865, iE 
82; 

Ebenezer, b. May 10, 1785, married 
Ama Farr ; Dana, born Aug, 5, 1786, 
m. Sally Keyes ; Polly, born Dec. 13, 
1787, married Jonas Walker Dec. 2, 
1813, who died April 16, 1873, Aged 
91 years. His wife died Feb. 26, 1847. 

William, b, July 3, 1789, married 
Esther Knight, Sept. — 1814, who d. 
Apr. 14, 1862, aged 66 ; he died Feb. 

18, 1877, aged 87 years ; Royal, born 
Feb, 15, 1891, m. Betsey Cook Nov. 
13, 1813 ; Lydia, b. June 5, 1793, m. 
Chester Haven Sept. 21, 1814, after his 
death, m. Reuben Walker, who was 

13 



killed by being thrown from a wagon, 
Apr. 21, 1860 ; Levi, b. Feb. 3, 1797 ; 
Lucretia, b. Sept. 13, 1798, m. Doctor 
SewaU Walker. She died May 22, 1838, 
Marshall MiUer died June 10, 1807, 
aged 53. His death was caused by 
jimiping from a window in the fifth sto- 
ry of a house which was then on fire. 
Abigail, his wife, died Jan. 26, 1829, 
aged 73 years, 

RICE FAMILY. 

EPHRAiM RICE married J oanua . 

He came from Petersham, Mass., where 
all his children were born, to Dummer- 
ston, and was a resident of the town in 
1779. 

Children ; Ezekiel, b. Mar. 27, 1761, 
m. Judiali WiUard May 23, 1782 ; 

Elijah, b. Oct. 14, 1.64, m. Anna 
Miller, dau. of Capt. Vespasian Miller. 

Wilder, b. Sept. a. 1766; Caty, b. 
Oct. 27, 1768; Molly, born Mar. U, 
1771, m. Jacob Hadley, Nov. 27, 1788 ; 

Joanna, b. June 17, 1775. [See sketch 
of Ephraim Rice, from "Hall's His- 
tory."] 

Abraham Rice married Lucy Nourse 
Feb. 17, 1785, and were residents of 
the town at that time. Had one child, 
Joshua, b. Aug. 23, 1785. 

Deacon Amos Rice died May 31, 
1807. Martha — , his wife, died Apr. 
10, 1808,, 

One, Amos Rice m. Susan Daven- 
port, Feb. 22, 1816. John Rice, also 
from Petersham, m. Levinah [Lovina] 

. Children : Sarah, b. June 29, 

1767 ; John, 1769, died, infant. 

David, b. Dec. 29, 1770 : John Jr., 
1774, d. 1777 ; Joel, b. 1776, d. 1777 ; 

Samuel, b. Sept. 24, 1778 ; Polly, 
born in Dummerston. Aug. 9, 1782 ; 
Lydia, b. June 13, 1789. 

Gardner Rice married Lydia . 

Children : Dolly, born June 9, 1809 ; 
Amos, 1792; Lydia, 1794; Patty, 



98 



VERMONT HISTORICAL MAGAZINE. 



1796 ; Nabby, 1798 ; Roxanna, 1800 ; 
Simeon, 2802; Gardner Jr., 1804; 
Nelson, 1806 ; Phylinda, 1808 ; Ezekiel, 
1810 ; Francis, 1812, 

Clark Rice, son of Elijah, once own- 
ed the large farm, "Rice place," in the 
south part of the town. 

ELIJAH AND ANNA (mILLEr) RICE. 

Elijah was born Oct. 14, 1764 ; An- 
na Miller, born July 22, 1766. They 
were married Nov. 29, 1787. Children : 
Arathusa, b. Oct. 12, 1788; Abigail, 
b. Oct. 17, 1790, m. Jacob Ha.Uey a 
Methodist minister ; 

Abel. b. Aug. 27, 1792, m. Polly 
Hadley and removed West ; Elias, b. 
Dec. 12, 1794, died young ; 

Clark, b. July 8, 1797; Lovina 
and Lewis, [twins], b. Jan. 17, 1800, 
and Lovina m. Ephraim Hadley ; 

William M. b. June 5, 1802, mar- 
ried Dolly Whitney ; 

Almira, b. Mar. 9, 1807, m. Lewis 
Holton ; Daniel, b. July 28, 1809, m. 
Maria Munn. 

Elijah Rice and wife were Congre- 
gationalists, and were very constant in 
their attendan<!e on public worship. He 
was a farmer, and a much respected 
citizen. The family were very helpful 
in society. 

CLARK RICE 

was born inDummerston, July 8, 1797, 
and married Mar. 3. 1828, Clarissa, 
dau. of Jonas Rice, a cousin of Elijah. 
She was born March 15, 1804, and is 
still living. Her husband died March 
22, 1872, aged 74. 

Their children were : Helen C. died 
in childhood; Fanny E., unmarried; 

Henry C. ; Clark F., both d. when 
young; Helen C. 2d, m. Walter Gibbs, 
died 1858 ; 

Clarissa J., died young; Julia A., 
m. Milton M. Miller ; Maria J. mar- 
ried Charles Sargent; Frederic C, d. 
in childhood ; 



FREDERICK A. RICE 

born June 23, 1846, died Jan. 28^ 
1862, a soMier and musician in the 
service of the U. S. in the late war for 
the Union. His mother receives a pen- 
sion from the government on account of 
her son's death. 

The farm on which Mr Rice lived 
many years was first settled by Samuel 
Dutton before 1770. He sold itto Eph- 
raim Rice Jan. 9, 1779, who, with Jo- 
anna, his wife, and six children, came 
from Petersham, Mass., where their 
children were born. Elijau, his son, 
bought the farm in 1787, which in 
time came into the possession of his son, 
Clark Rice, who greatly improved the 
place. He was an excellent fixrmer, 
read many books and newspapers on the 
subject of agriculture, and was aided by 
the judgment of his friends, who were 
alike interested in "book-farming." 

The value of the farm was more 
than doubled during his management. 
On account of his declining health,, 
he sold his farm to R. D. Bradley, Esq. 
of Brattleboro, for the sum of $9000. 

Like his parents, Elijah, and Anna 
Rice, he and his family were Congre- 
gationalists and very constant in their 
attendance at church. He was not on- 
ly a very enterprising farmer ; but was 
much interested and helpful iu the af- 
fairs of the church and society and in 
1838, was chosen to represent the town 
in t^e state legislature. He set out. 
many fruit-trees on his farm, which at 
the present time are very productive. 

The orchards have in some years pro- 
duced 500 barrels of apples. 

MAJOR WIILLIAM MILLER 

was major in the 1st. Regt. in the 1st. 
Brigade and 1st. division of infantry in 
the state of Vermont. He married Han- 
nah Worden Nov. 10. 1782. Their 




ELIJAH RICE. 




ANNA MILLER RICE. 




CLARK RICE. 



DUMMERSTON. 



99 



children were : Fauny. born March 31, 
1813 ; Isaac, b. Nov. 15, 1784; 

Charles, b. July 25, 1786 ; Dolly, b, 
Apr. 6, 1788 ; George Anson, b. Dec. 
€, 1789 ; 

William, b. Dec. 10, 1791 ; Joel, b. 
Nov. 21, 1793; Nathan, b. Aug. 13, 
1795; 

Asa, b. June 12, 1797 ; Catherine, 
b. July 24, 1799 ; Maria, b. Sept. 18, 
1807: 

Major William died Apr. 16, 1802, 
iiged 40. His wife died July 7, 1823, 
aged 62 years. 
An incident remembered in the town : 

MAJOR WILLIAM MILLEK 

and Hannah, his wife, lived in the eas- 
tern part of the town on the Connecti- 
cut river road, and owned good lands. 
They were the parents of eleven chil- 
dren. Mrs. Miller was always kind to 
the poor and ever willing to relieve the 
wants of the suifering. About the year 
1786, there was in this section an alarm- 
ing scarcity of grain for family food. 

The Millers parted with all they that 
they could to the needy, and the last 
bushel of wheat, except a baking of 
flour for their own family was ground 
and eaten before the new grain had 
been cut. The destitution was much 
greater on the newly cleared and rough- 
er hill-land of Halifax. 

Joseph Worden came one night, at a 
late hour, from that town, and stopped 
at Miller's. Mrs, Miller rose from her 
bed, baked the last flour she had by the 
fire, and gave him a part of the loaf for 
his supper. Hm said that he had never 
tasted anything so good in his life, for 
he was weak and weary, and had tast- 
ed no bread for several days. The next 
day the men went into the wheat-field, 
picked off the ripest ears, thi-eshedout 
a bushel or more, and had it gi-ound. 
Mrs. Miller was sifting some flour for 



baking, when Mr. Worden, her broth- 
er, came to her, the tears standing iu 
his eyes, ''Sister," said he, "wont you 
put the bran into my bag ?" This proof 
of his family's want so affected her 
that she gave him more than half of 
all the flour she had, and the happy 
man started for home, knowing that he 
could now relieve the necessities of his 
family." 

JOHN BENNETT 

one of the early settlers in town, was 
from Shrewsbury, Mass. He bought a 
farm in Dummerston, of Parmenas 
Templci in 1783. He married Lucre- 
tia Rice, of Lancaster, 1778, who died 
in this town Jan. 26, 1811, JE 51. His 
death is not recorded. He was a son 
of Josiah Bennett Jr., who married 
Abigail Graves, of vSudbury, Aug. 13. 
1751. 

Children : Elizabeth, born Feb. 10, 
1753, m., it is supposed, Luther Rice," 
of Lancaster, 1 780 ; 

John, b. June 23, 1755 ; D->rcas, b. 
Apr. 1758, m. Oliver Hale of Marlboro 
in 1778 ; 

Josiah Sen. m. Hannah Ross, of Lan- 
caster, Nov. 27, 1728, and was admit- 
ted to the church, 1731 , and died before 
1751. 

Children : Josiah Jr., born Dec. 18, 
1730. 

Miriam, Dec. 23, 1732, m. Ebene- 
zer Cutter Jr., of Grafton, Nov. 28, 
1764; 

Asa, b. Apr. 26, 1735, m. Sibyl 
Barnes, of Marlboro, June 1784 ; 

Experience, b. Mar. 26, 1739 ; Jonas, 
b. Mar. 11, 1741, died young ; 

Lydia, b. Oct. 9, 1747 ; Jonas, born 
Feb. 11, 1749, m. Mary Williams, July 
10, 1773. 

Jonathan, a brother of Josiah Sen. 
had a son, David, born Oct. 21, 1749, 
who died before 1779, as in that vear 



100 



VERMONT HISTORICAL MAGAZINT^. 



his widow, Persis [Cutting] Bennett, 
m. Philip Branscom. 

Deacon David Bennett of Dummer- 
ston, died June 9, 1848, M 87. 

Rev, Jonas Bennett, his son, m. Ad- 
aline, dan. of Edward Miller. 

Josiah and Jonathan were stfpposed 
to be the sons of Samuel Bennett, prob- 
ably from Lancaster, born, 1690, died 
Dec. 5, 1762, aged 72. 

The children of John and Lucretia 
Bennett, of this town, were Judah, b. 
1778; Nancy, b. 1780; Lucy, born 
1781 ; John D., born in Dumraerston. 
1784; Dorcas, born, 1787, married 
Ezekiel L. Chapman ; 

Henry L., Allyn O., Franklin W., 
Almyra. 1801. He married 2d, Polly 
Codding, Oct. 25, 1812. Children: 
Lockhart W and Melinda. 

NORCROSS FAMILY. 

THOMAS NORCROSS, a LondoD mer- 
chant, born about 1550, is of the first 
generation of the Norcross family so 
far as the name has been traced. Jer- 
emiah of the second gen. b. about 1595, 
came to America in 1638, and settled 
in Watertown, Mass. Richard of the 
3d. gen. was born in 1621 ; resided in 
Watertown, died in 1709. Richard of 
the 4tn. gen., born 1660; resided in 
"Western, Mass., died 1745 ; Joseph of 
the 5th gen., b. 1701 ; resided in Wes- 
ton and Princeton, Mass., died 1789. 

SAMUEL of the 6th gen., born 1745 ; 
resided in Marlboro, and was the first 
Norcross, who settled in this state. He 
died 1812. His wife was Rachel Har- 
vey, who died 1811. He was a soldier 
in the Revolutionary war, and belong- 
ed to an artillery company at a fort in 
Boston Harbor at the time the British 
evacuated Boston in 1775. He had 
eleven children: 

Candace, b. Dec. 5, 1776, died 1778 ; 



Samuel, born Jan 9, 1769, died 
young ; 

Nahum, born May 9, 1771, d. Jan. 
26, 1851; 

Eber, b. May 23 1 772 ; resided in No. 
Easton, N. J., died 1861, aged 89. 
Rachel, b. Sept. 13, 1774, d. 1836 ; 
Benaiah, b. Dec. 20, 1776 ; resided 
in Chesterfield, N. H., d. 1860, aged 
85; 

Zebrina, b. Apr. 18, 1779, res. in 
Chesterfield, N. H., 

Darius, b. Oct. 9, 1781, res. Lock- 
port, N. J., died 1838; 

Lu(iy, born Aug. 2, 1784 ; 
Shepard, b. Mar. 9, 1788, res. in 
No. Easton, N. J . ; 

Annis, born Oct. 7, 1790, 
NAHUM came to Dummerston ; mar- 
ried Zeruiah Roel, Jan. 17, 1796. She 
was born Sept. 7, 1778, died Apr. 8, 
1840. Their children were: Betsey, 
born Nov. 24, 1797, married Aaron 
Grimes ; 

Luke, born July 15, 1799, died in 
infancy ; 

Luke 2d., born June 9, 1801 ; mar- 
ried Louisa French ; 

Mary, b. Oct. 9, 1803, m. William 
Woodard ; 

Moses, born May 29, 1806 ; 
Sarah, born Dec. 7, 1808, married 
Anson Woodard ; 

Charlotte, born Nov. 24, 1809, m. 
first Ebenezer Wis wall, 2d, Warren 
Stearns ; 

Orison, born Nov. 22, 1812, mar- 
ried Sophia Howe, Nov. 1833 ; 

Blucher, born May 15, 1815, m. Bet- 
sey, dau. of Lyman Huntley. 

None of the children of Nahum Nor- 
cross are now living. Orison d. Aug. 
21, 1873, and Sophia, his wife, died 
July 19, 1871. Luke died June 22, 
1876, and Louisa, his wife, d. Nov. 17, 
1881. Blucher, the youngest, d. in 1880. 



DUMMERSTON. 



101 



PIERCE FAMILY. 

William and Patty Pierce were the 
parents of Josiah, Sally, Moses and 
Henry. 

Henry married Philadelphia Thom- 
as ; children : Sophia, b. about 1792, 
m. Isaac Libby of Boston, Mass ; Sa'ly 
m. Harlow Williams of Milford, Mass. 
Joseph, b. 1797, died young ; Martha, 
b. 1800, m. Doton Smith, Middleboro, 
Mass. ; Joseph (2d.), m. Melinda — ; 
Betsey, b. 1804, m. Allen Knight, of 
Brattleboro ; John m. Althea Springer. 
Maine ; Polly married Luther Thayer, 
Apr. 19, 1837, died 1859 ; Lucy m. 
Benjamin Newton of Shrewsbury, 
Mass. ; George ; Lydia married Amasa 
McFarland of Hopkinton, Mass. ; Phila 
married Josephus Cutler of HoUiston, 



JOSIAH PIERCE 

came from Upton, Mass., to Dummer- 
ston, in 1793. Upton was not an orig- 
inal grant, but was Taken from the town 
ships of Mendon, Sutton, and Hopkin 
ton, a locality from which several of 
the early settlers removed to this town. 
The children of Josiah and Sarah Pierce 
were : William, b. in Upton, Mar. 12, 
1792 ; Jacob ; HoUis, born May 7, 1796 ; 
Anson, in 1798 ; Hannah, b. Dec. 18, 
1803 ; Joel, b. Jan. 22, 1806 ; Susanna, 
born Jan. 19, 1809. William was 
drowned in West river Apr. 11, 1825, 
while crossing it in a skiff about a mile 
north of the old bridge-place. Henry 
and Moses Pierce were brothers of Jo- 
siah and came from Hopkinton. Their 
sister, Sally, was the wife of Philip Be- 
mis. Moses Pierce m. Patty Barnes ; 
children : Asa, Eli, Ruhama, and Ira. 

ISAAC REED 

became a resident of this town about 
the time of his marriage to Abigail 
Mcwain, Sept. 2,1790. Their ch. were : 



Lucy, b. July 27, 1791, died 1823 ; 

Sally married Ephraim Brown, Aug. 
1814; 

David m. Betsey Fairbanks, 1824 ; 
Leavitt, his twin brother, m, 1st. Eme- 
line Hubbard, May 27, 1830, 2d. Clar- 
issa F. Miller ; 

Isaac, m. Catherine B. Alexander, 
Dec. 3, 1829 ; 

Eliza, m. Joseph Miller, March 3, 
1841. 

The children of Ephraim and Sally 
Brown were Charles, b. Feb. 12, 1813 ; 
Nancy, b. Nov. 30, 1815 ; James, m. 
Emily Walker. 

Children of David and Betsey Reed : 
Adin Thayer, b. Dec. 28, 1826 ; Lucy 
M. born Apr. 23. 1828 ; Fanny E. b. 
Dec. 8, 1829 ; George F., born Oct. 2, 
1831 ; Louisa P., born Feb. 28, 1836 ; 
Mary C, born Feb. 26, 1838 : David 
Henry, b. Oct. 3, 1840. 

Isaac Jr., had James A., Maria, 
Charlotte, and Ellen, of whom James 
only is living. Leavitt had Romanzo 
and Eliza by 1st. maariage and Mar- 
shall I. by the second. 

HERRICK FAMILY. 

The traditions of this very ancient fam- 
ily claim their descent from Ericke, a 
Danish chief, who invaded Britain about 
the year 911, during the reign of Al- 
fred, the Great, and, having been van- 
quished by that prince, was compelled, 
with his followers, to re-people the 
waste districts of East Anglia, the gov- 
ernment of which he held as a fief of 
the English crown. He was afterwards 
defeated in battle by Edward, the son 
and successer of Alfred, and was sub- 
sequently slain by his own subjects for 
alleged cruelty in his government. The 
Norman invasion found this name rep- 
resented by Eric, the Forester, who 
resided in Leicestershire, and was an 
extensive land-holder. Henry Eyryk, 



102 



VERMONT HISTORICAL MAGAZINE. 



a lineal descendaut from Eric, the For- 
ester, was seated at Great Stratton, in 
the county of Leicester, England, at a 
very remote period. His grand-son, 
Robert Eyryk of Stratton, by his wife, 
Joanna, had William, who bore the ti- 
tle of Sir William Eyryk, Knight of 
Stratton. He was commisioned to 
attend the Prince of Wales on his expe- 
dition into Gascony, 1355. From him 
descended Robert Eyrick of Houghton, 
who was living in 1450. 

Thomas Eyrick of Houghton, settled 
in Leicester, and died in 1517. His 
second son, John Eyryk, or Herrick, 
born 1513, m. Mary, daughter of John 
Bond, Esq., of Ward End in War- 
wickshire. He died Apr. 2, 1589, 
leaving a large family, among whom 
was William, b. 1557, He was a 
member of Parliament from 1601, to 
1630, knighted in 1605, and wfts known 
as Sir William Herrick of Leicester, 
London, and Beau Manor Park. He 
married 1596, Joan, daughter of Rich- 
ard May, Esq., London, died Mar. 2, 
1652-53, aged 96. 

Henry, the fifth son of Sir William, 
was born at Beau Manor in 1604, and 
was named by command of the unfort- 
unate Prince Henry, the eldest son of 
James I. His sponsors were Sir Da- 
vid Murry, Sir John Spillman, and 
Lady Aston. He came to this country 
and settled in Salem, Mass., June 24. 
1629. He married Edith, daughter of 
Mr. Hugh Laskin of Salem, and be- 
came the ancestor of the numerous race 
by that name in this country. He and 
his wife were among the thirty who 
founded the first church in Salem, in 
1629. He died in 1671, leaving seven 
sons and a daughter, who are named in 
his will. Of these, Thomas and Ben- 
jamin, the eldest and youiigest, and the 
daughter, Elizabeth, died childless. The 



other five sons are regarded as the pa- 
triarchs of their respective branches of 
the posterity o£ Henry and Editha Her- 
rick. They are known as Zacharie of 
Beverly, Ephraim of Beverly, Henry 
of Beverly, Joseph of Salem, and John 
of Beverly. 

George Herrick of Salem, another 
ancestor of the family, was an emi- 
grant from England, and came to Sa- 
lem in 1684 or 5. He was marshal 
and deputy sheriff in 1691, 2. & 3 ; & 
1695. Hi^ wife's name was Martha. 

James Herrick of Southampton, N. 
Y.. settled at Southampton, Long Is- 
land, then within the jurisdiction of Con- 
necticut, prior to 1657 ;; died 1687, His 
wife, Martha, survived him. 

Henry Herrick of Beverly, d. June 
1702 ; inherited the paternal farm, a 
part of which was possessed by a lineal 
descendant, Mrs. Anna Meacom, dau. 
of Col. Henry Herrick. aged 92 in 
1845. Henry Herrick's first wife was 
Lydia Woodbury, and their fifth child, 
Jonathan, was baptized in 1672. He 
removed from Beverly to Concord, 
Mass., where he possessed cobsiderable 
property in mills &c. ; died 1 724 ; mar- 
ried 1st. Elizabeth, dau. of William 
Dodgeof Beverly, Oct. 28, 1696, who 
was born 1672, died Mar. 13, 1712, 
aged 39 : had five children : married 
2d. Bethiah Conant, Beverly, Sept. 13, 
1713, by whom there were five more 
children. 

Joseph, youngest son of Henry, was 
born in 1720. He removed from Con- 
cord to Groton in 1744, where he pur- 
chased a farm which he sold to Josiah 
Conant, 1746 ; lived a while in Towns- 
hend, and finally settled in Brattleboro, 
died Mar. 16, 1795. He married Lois 
Cutler of Chelmsford, 1742, who died 
Aug. 5, 1812, aged 92. Their chil- 
dren were Jonathan, born Sept. 26, 



DUMMERSTOIS , 



103 



1743 ; Joseph died about 1835, atRum- 
ney, N. H. ; Shadrack married Abigail 
Stoddard, Chesterfield, N. H. ;• Lois, 
born in Chelmsford, Mass., 1749 ; Amos 
married widow Miles ; Abner, Bethiah, 
and Mary. 

Jonathan Herrick of Brattleboro, m. 
Mehitabel French, 1770, related to Na- 
thaniel French of Dummerston. Their 
children were Jonathan, born April 1, 
1771; married Lucinda Dickerman, 
1779; settled in Farnham, Canada; 
John died 1779 ; Lydia, born Jmie 4, 
1 7 73 ; married Grafton Luce of Stowe, 
Vt. died 1821 ; Mehitabel, Lorn April 
'20, 1775, married John Page, Clayton, 
N. Y., 1803; Elisabeth, born 1777, 
died 1780 ; Edith, born Feb. 2, 1780 ; 
married Calvin Sartle, Lowell, Vt. in 
1799: Nathaniel, born Mar. 1 , 1782; 
Joseph, born Mar. 1, 1784, married 
P^unice Coughlan. 1807 ; Seth, born 
Apr 16, 1986, m. Melinda Coughlan, 
1815 ; Elisabeth 2d, born Apr, 9, 1788 ; 
Lucinda, born Angust 13, 1790, mar- 
ried Lincoln Bixby of Dummerston ; 
Asa died, 1792. 

Seth Herrick of Brattleboro had 7 
children: Seth N. Herrick Esq., of 
that town, John N., Melmda C, Susan 
H, Mary L., Sarah A., and Ellen C, 

NATHANIEL HERKICK 

removed from Brattleboro to Dummer- 
ston ; married Lydia Eastman Nov. 30, 
1806. Children : E^sther m. Stephen 
Mann, 1834 : Harriet, born Mar. 22, 
1808, died 1840 ; Nancy, born July 4, 
1811, married Nathaniel Eoel. 1836 ; 
James, born Mar. 19, 1814, married 
Elizabeth, dau. of Thomas Crosby, 
Nov. 2. 1845 ; embarked Dec. 1845, 
for the Madura Mission, in south- 
era India; still in missionary work, 
1882 ; John, b. July 27, 1815, m. Fi- 
delia Stiles. The mother of these chil- 
dren died Feb. 19, 1825, and the father 



married 2d. Widow Jonathan Tenney, 
Jan. 11, 1826. Children: Jonathan T. 
Lydia E., and Nathaniel. 

Jonathan Tenney was married Jan. 
1810, and Mrs. Tenney"s maiden name 
was Anna Laughton ; Children . Mary 
Ann, m. Merrit Coughlan ; Willard m. 
Mary A. Stevens ; Ephraim, a college 
student ; Lucinda m. Charles Baggs : 
Anna m. George Everleth ; Oliver m. 
Nan Farmer ; and Arvilla m. Frederic 
H. Elmore. 

THE LINCOLN S. 

Amasa Lincoln came to Dummers- 
ton, from Walpole, N.H., and Allen 
Lincoln, his cousin, came from \Yest- 
minster. They bought, Sept. 2, 1811, 
of Dr. Abel Duncan, one acre of land 
for $100. It was taken from the south- 
west corner of his farm, lot. No. 54. 
The Lincolns built on this land a large 
tannery and a dwelling-house. The 
tannery stood a few rods west of the 
house at the foot of the hill east of the 
common. It fronted to the south and 
the upper part of the building was en- 
tered from the old road, leading past the 
tannery. Several of the tan-vats were 
in the basement (-f the building. Am- 
asa Lincoln sold his half of the proper- 
ty to Allen Lincoln, Mar. 11, 1817, 
and removed to Newfane. Allen con- 
tinued the business till Nov. 21, 1821, 
when he sold out to Adin Thayer, who 
on the same day sold to Asa Knight. 

The Lincolns came from Massachu- 
setts. Amasa was born in Norton, 
Mass., July 10, 1787. He married, 
1st. Lucy Richardson, Apr. 14, 1814, 
and boarded for a time with the family 
of Doctor, Duncan. He married, second, 
Mary Hastings, Jan. 26, 1730. He 
had four children by the first marriage. 

Allen Lincoln married in 1810, Fan- 
ny, dau. of Ezra and Amy (Snow) 
Davis of Chesterfield, N. H. Their 



104 



VERMONT HISTORICAL MAGAZINE. 



children were : Fanny D., Stella S., 
Allen M., and William R. He, with 
his family, removed to Fort Covington, 
or French Mills, N. Y. 

Jacob Amsden, a tanner, bought of 
Asa Knight and soon after sold to Lu- 
ther Thayer, Avho put into the tannery, 
a steam apparatus for heating the vats. 
About 1830, the tannery was burned, 
and a much smaller building immediate- 
ly bui!t on ths. spot. The business how- 
ever, soon declined, and the new build- 
ing was removed, attached to the dwell- 
ing-house on the place and converted 
into a shoe-shop. 

Henry L. Porter rented the place for 
a time and worked at shoe-making. Af- 
ter two or three more changes, Adin 
Thayer bought the property and sold 
the same to Lewis Holton, who did an 
extensive business in making fancy mo- 
rocco shoes. Mr. Holton, his wife, 
and two children, died of erysipelas in 
Jan. 1844, and the place was sold at 
auctioa to Wm. O. Miller. William 
Luck, an Englishman, rented the shop 
for a time. He served a regular ap- 
prenticeship in England and was an ex- 
cellent shoemaker. No workman could 
make a more handsome boot or shoe 
than Mr. Luck. He served for a time 
in the British army, but deserted and 
came to this country. What was once 
the tannery, then a shoe-shop, is now 
the building joined to the west side of 
Wm. 0. Miller's residence. His sis- 
ters, Mrs. Mary M. Rust and Lucretia 
Miller, own and occupy the Lincoln 
place. 

HIGGINS FAMILY. 

CALEB HIGGINS married Lucy Hil- 
dreth May 5, 1796. She died in 1797, 
and he married, 2d, Mary Hildreth, 
June 17, 1798. Alpheus Higgins, prob- 
ably a brother of Caleb, married Phebe 
Hildreth Sept. 21, 1797. The children 



of Caleb and Lucy (Hildreth) Higgins 
were Caleb and Joshua, twins, b. Feb. 
16, 1697 ; and by his second marriage, 
Lucy H., born Dec. 6, 1798, who m. 
Nathan Adams Jr., Oct. 4, 1821. 

Caleb, brother of Joshua, married 
1st. Almeda Sawyer, July 9, 1820 ; 2d. 
name unknown ; 3d. Lucy Johnson, of 
Jamaica, Dec. 8, 1844. He was a shoe- 
maker by trade and with his third wife 
lived several years in the Hollow where 
Maner Smith now resides. He d. May 
25, 1863, aged 66, and Lucy, his wife, 
died Mar. 31, 1865, aged 67. During 
the summer of 1883, a benevolent friend 
who knew them well in former years, 
placed at the head of their graves a 
marble slab bearing the inscription, in 
addition to their ages and time of death, 
"Humble and unassuming in life they 
did what they could." He never learn- 
ed to read or write. On one occasion 
he had a sign painted for his shop. His 
name and occupation, in lettering, re- 
quired two lines ; but when the painter 
showed him the sign, he refused to take 
it, saying, "what man can read twice 
across that board while riding past my 
shop ?" 

Uriah Higgins was one of the heads 
ijf families in school district No. 3, in 
1793, and lived near Rufus Sargent. 
Polly Higgins married David Dutton, 
in 1782. Joseph Higgins was a resi- 
dent of school district No. 5, in 1793. 
Joseph Higgins married "Widow Kath- 
an Aug. 26, 77 — ." 

July 2, 1797. From the church rec- 
ord. Two children of Caleb Higgins, 
twins, were baptized, — one named 
Joshua, given by its grandfather, Uri- 
iah Higgins, the other namtd Caleb, 
given by its grandmother, Lydia Hil- 
dreth" Therefore, Uriah was father 
of Caleb and Alpheus. 



DUMMERSTON, 



105 



THE HAGUE IN 1793, 
AND VICINITY. 

This locality comprised 26 families 
in 1793, and was No. 7, of theschool- 
districts. The school-house then stood 
Jbetweeu John Whitney's and Elder Jon- 
-«dian Huntley's. In 1820, the cum- 
.l)er of scholars attending school was 28, 
as returned by Lyman Walker. Re- 
ligious services were held m the sciiool- 
house for many years, regularly every 
Sunday. Elder Huntley preached there 
for a long time. 

ABRAHAM FITTS 

was one of the earliest residents in the 
Hague. Abraham Fitts Jr., married 
a Barnes and lived where B. F. Wil- 
lard now owns. He removed to N«.\v- 
fane where he died about 1863, aged 
nearly 90. His wife died in 183-3. 

TIMOTHY CEOSBy 

married Amy , and was from Claremont, 
N. H., where two children, Timothy, 
1784, and Amy, 1785, were born. The 
children born in this town were Levi, 
Nabby, Lydia, Rhoda, Lucy, and Hez- 
ekiah. Mrs.Crosby died Apr. 7,1800. 
He married 2d, Amita Hale, May 15, 
1803. 

MIC AH FRENCH JR., 

was from Royalston, Mass., and pur- 
chased land here in 1789. He owned 
land in lot. No. 121, on which he had 
a saw-mill in 1797, and the same year, 
sold it to Dyer Remington, wlio in 
turn sold it to Joseph Poole of Brook- 
line. The saw-mill was probably built 
by Micah French, and in the sale, one 
acre of land was included with the saw- 
mill which stood on Fall brook. Mi- 
cah French Jr., married Sarah Howe, 
Jan. 28, 1787. John French Jr., mar- 
ried Rebecca Haywood, of Walpole, 
N. H., Nov. 22,1781. Children : Hay- 
ward, born Aug. 18, 1783. 
14 



JESSE MANLEy 

and Eunice, his wife, were married m 
1776. Children : Jesse Jr., born Jan. 

26, 1778, married Betsey French, Sept, 

27, 1801. 

Amasa, born 17^0, married Lydia 
French, Jao. 26, 1806. She was sis- 
ter of Jesse's wife and both were daugh- 
ters of Natiianiel French. 

Eunice, born 1782, married Reuben 
Newton, Mai-. 11, 1804. 

The other children were NatliaiiieL 
Hannah, Betsey, William, Sally, Polly. 
John, and Luke, tlie youngest, born 
Oct. 17, 1800. 

John Manley, son of Jesse Jr., mar- 
i-ied first Irena Goss, sister of Harriet 
Goss, wife of Dsmiel Taylor, 2d, Abi- 
gail Wilson, daughter of Joseph Wil- 
son. Her sister, Sarah C. married Johri 
Whitney, and her brothers were Shep- 
ard and Elihu Wilson, 

JAMES MANLEY, 

a brother of Jesse, removed from Kil- 
lingsley, Ct., where he married Hannah 

, and where Samuel, their first 

child was born Jan. 13, 1774, Molly, 
the second child wa-s born in Royalston. 
Mass., July 30, 1776. From that place 
the family came to Dummerston, where 
Marcy was born June 1, 1778 ; Han- 
nah born Apr. 12, 1780, married Fair- 
ring Wilson, whose daughter, Hannah, 
married Gideon, son of Charles Cud- 
worth, a first settler on Putney West 
Hill. James Jr., born July 8,1782: 
Lucy, born July 9, 1784, married Stew- 
art Black ; Ebenezer, born Oct. 20, 
1786. married Patty Black. The chil- 
dren of Ebenezer were Philisia, Syrene, 
Mary, George and Eliza. Syrene mar- 
ried Shepard Wilson, who now lives on 
the Manley homestead. 

JOSEPH ENOS, 

a native of Portugal, came with his wife, 
Jemima, and one child, Mary, from 
Smithfield, R. I., to Putney where 



106 



VERMONT HISTOEICAL MAGAZINE. 



Hannah was born Aug. 3, 1779. Jo- 
seph, Jr., Betsey, Jesse, and Simeon 
were all born in Putney. Hannah m. 
Timothy Crosby, and Mary married 
on the same day, Sept. 29, 1802, Dan- 
iel Woods of Townshend. Betsey mar- 
ried Jonas Barriis, Mar. 30, 1806. Mr. 
Enos was a miller and owned the grist- 
mill on Fall brook . He bought the land, 
about 25 acres, and the m.ill, of Joseph 
Poole in 1797, who probably built ihe 
mill that year, Enos sold the same to 
Nahum. Norcross Jan. 16, 1801, "and 
the said Norcross is to have liberty to 
draw water at the saw-mill for the use 
of the grist-mill as he shall want or 
need." James Newton had a shop and 
furnace on the same land with rights 
reserved to him in the sam,e deed. 

JOSIA.H TENNEY 

married Matilda Livermore and lived 
on the Abram Dewy place He came 
fromBarre, Mass., where his sister, 
Martha was born Aug. 5, 1785. Her 
first husband was Samuel Bond, born 
in AYinchester, N. H., Aug. 28, 1783, 
They were married Nov. 16, 1806. 
Children : Luke Taylor, born Jan. &, 
1807 ; Samuel Jr., born Apr. 28, 1809. 
Samuel Bond died in Walpole, N. H., 
March 9, 1809. His widow married 
second Thomas Clark, 

JONAS LIVERMORE JR.. 

married Sarah Woodbury, June 20, 
1781. He was from Sutton, Mass., 
where his first child, Benjamin, was b. 
Oct. 23, 1781. The other children 
were Sally, b. May 12, 1784, David, 
Parks, Calvin, and Matilda, who mar- 
ried Josiah Tenney. David died 1876, 
aged 89 ; Olive, his wife, died 1875, 
aged 86. Jonas Jr., died Apr. 6, 1812, 
aged 58. 

SOLOMON NOURSE 

was probably from Westboro, Mass., 
where many persons of that name liv- 
ed when he came to Dummerston. Dan- 



iel Nurse and Sarah Ball were the 
parents of 1 1 children born in Westbo- 
ro. Joseph and Joel, his sons, remov- 
ed to Shrewsbury about 1800. Wm, 
Nurse married Rebecca Fay and was 
a resident of Shrewsbury in 1729 ; but 
was set off" with his fariu to Westboro- 
in 1741. 

Frar^cis Nourse of Salem. Village, 
had children, John, Sarah, Rebecca^ 
Samuel, Francis, Mary, Elizabeth, and 
Benjamin. Their mother was hung in 
the witchcraft delusion, July 19, 1692. 
The name originally Nourse, is still so> 
written by many families. 

Solomon, of this town, married Me- 

hitible , and had children, Asa, b. 

1779; Hammh, Mehitible, Sampson^ 
Persis,Caty, Samuel Duncan, and Bert- 
jamin, the youngest, b. Jan. 27, 1801. 

Betty, wife of Nathaniel French, was 
probably a sister of Solomon Nourse. 
Her first husband was Samuel Duncaru, 
and a child of her brother is named 
Samuel Duncan. 

Joseph Nourse, who lived in the east 
part of the town, was a cousin of Solo- 
mon. He m. Hannah Holton ; Chil- 
dren : Hannah, b. 1781, m. 1st. 

Wright, 2d. John Wellman of Am- 
herst, 1838 ; Joseph, b. 1783, m. Sally 
Olynn, 1822 ; Asenath. b. 1785, m. 1st. 
Eli S. Davis of Brattleboro, 1817, 2d. 
— Abbot 'j Thomas H., b. 1787, mar- 
ried Betsey Kingsley of Utica, N. Y. ; 
Abel, b. 1789 ; Elijah, b. 1791 ; EH- 
sha, b. 1793 ; m. 1st. Sally Murdock 
of Townshend, 2d. Lucy — ; Reuben, 
b. 1794; John, b. 1797. 

SETH HUDSON 

was a Revolutionary soldier and pen- 
sioner, and was from Petersham, Mass. 
where he married Abigail — and where 
their first child. Polly, was born Jan. 
10, 1779. Betsey born in Dvimmers- 



DUMMERSTON. 



lO'; 



on May 27, 1781; Rebecca, Susanna, 
Joel, and Esther. 

Seth Hudson died Nov, 28, 1828. 

Enos, probably, a brother of Seth, 
married Patty — , and had a soa, Seth, 
born July 12, 1792. Betsey Hudson 
m. John Grout of N. Y. Samuel S. 
Hudson man-ied Sally Field, of Brat- 
tleboro. 

DANIEL BELKNAP 

was born in Brattleboro, Sept. 5, 1773, 
and first settled on the Roel place. He 
married Betsey Phimmer and lived ma- 
ny years on the Reuben Walker farm. 
He cleared much of the land where he 
first settled at the rate of 10 acres a 
3-ear for 6 years. 

His children were : Sally, b. May 14, 
1795, married Dr. Sewall Foster; Bet- 
sey, b. 1796, died 1798; Cyrus, born 
Apr. 8, 1798, m. Sally, dau. of John 
Lawton ; Asa, b. Mar. 8, 1801, mar- 
ried Ruth Greenwood ; 

Willard, b. June 20, 1803, married 
Amanda Kingsbury ; 

Betsey, b. Aug. 18, 1805, m. John 
Greenwood, brother of Asa's wife ; John 
P., b. 1807. m. Harriet French, dau 
of Nathaniel French ; Sewall married 
Juliette French, sister of John's wife; 
Lucy m. Wm. Goss ; Harriet married 
George Willard, and Daniel, Jr. died 
unmarried. 

Daniel Belknap died Aug. 23, 1862, 
aged 89. 

Calvin Belknap, probably a relative 
of Daniel m. Bathusa — , and had Ba- 
thusa, born Nov. 1787 ; Asa, b. 1790 ; 
Daniel, b. 1792 ; Lucy, b 1794 ; Polly, 
b. 1797; Charles Belknap married Sa- 
rah Duncan, Aug. 10, 1795. 



THE OLDEST GRAND LIST. 

No grand lists can be found at the 
clerk's ofiice* of an earlier date than 
about 1820. What became of them be- 



fore that date, no one knows. The fol- 
owing rate bill will show what the grand 
list Avas for the year 1801. 

TAX BILL OF IS02. 
state Tax of one cent on the Dollar on tlie 
Gramd List granted at the October Session of 



Also Town Tax of one cent 


on the Dollar on 


the Grand List granted Dec. 7 1801. 




«TATE TOWN 


NAJLES. 


TAX. TAX. 




i$ cts. $ cts. 


Adams Nathan 


1 17 1 17 


Allyn Charles 


86 1 86 


Arnold Gamaliel 


67 1 13 


Alvord Benjamin 


1 28 I 2S 


Ash Ebenz. 


i>-4 44 


Atridge Nathaniel 


20 


Allyn Josiah 


11 77 


Adams Samuel 


38 38 


Bennett Samuel Jr. 


■20 40 


Bemis David 


41 41 


Bemis Benjamin 


69 44 


Boy den William 


2 27 2 27 


Bemis Ellas 


92 1 12 


Bigelow Isaac 


88 1 08 


Bemis Joseph 


2 20 2 20 


Butler Silas 


39 67 


Boyden Isaac 


94 94 


Brown Elijah 


39 27 


Butler Abel 


1 84 1 84 


Barrus Jonathan 


31 31 


Butler ? John 


1 17 I IT 


Boyden Josiah 


82 82 


Burritt Isaac 


1 14 1 44 


Burnham John 


13 33 


Barrus John 


19 19 


Boyden Asa 


47 80 


Baldwin John 


47 47 


Bennet Samuel 


59 76 


Butler Thomas 


25 25 


Bennet Joseph 


99 99 


Bemis Philip 


74 94 


Belknap Charles 


46 66 


Butterfield Luke 


I 26 1 26 


Belknap Daniel 


80 I 


Black Steward 


40 40 


Butterfield Ezra 


2 58 2 58 


Belknap Calvin 


6i 81 


Bennet Stephen 


1 58 1 58 


Boook Aaron Jr- 


36 39 


Briggs SeLh 


1 63 1 63 


Buck Elijah 


21 21 



108 VEiaiOTfT 


HrSTDKICAL MAGAZINE* 


Bemis Benjamin 2d; 




20 


Frost Jesse 


Butterfield EzraJr- 






French William 


Burnett WUkins 


29 


49- 


Foster Barnard" 


Bailey Dudley 


61 


61 


Frost Benjamin- 


Bixby Nathamiel 


70 


7D 


Guernsey SamtieB 


BaiTet Benjamin Jr. 


10 


10 


Gtoss Zebulon 


Ban-US 3Iose» 




20 


Gfoss Henry 


Betiee Jolm 


35 


32 


Gleason Joseph- 


Bennet Jolm 


26 


26 


G'owing Samuel 


Bond Aaron 


61 


61 


Goss Daniel 


Clarli Thomas 


3' 03 3 


03 


Griffeth Ellis' 


Clark Thomas Jr, 




00 


Gibbs Elijah 


Collrey Simeon 


63 


29 


Gates Daniel Jr_ 


Caryl Levi 


20 


46 


Graham Caleb 


Cossett Boswell 


46 


66 


Gates Daniel Lt. 


Chamberlain S«la;. 


21 


21 


Gates J. ShepharcT 


Cook Enoch 


I .59 I 


59 


Grout Ebenezer 


Cressy Henry 


51 


71 


Graham Lemuel 


Caryl Asa 


35 


35 


Goddard Levi 


Cai-yl Abijab 


26 


29 


Gibbs Samuel 


Cook ISTathan 


33 


33 


Gates PhiTieas 


Crosby Timothy 


33 
1 


33 


Graves Reuben 


Cresey William 




20- 


Hunt Jona. —Hinsdale 


Collins- Sylvanus-- 






Hopkms Jeremiah 


Cutting Joel 


1? 


33 


Hildreth Jesse 


Clark Thadeuff 




% 


Hildi-eth Joseph 


Cobleigh Jonathan Jr- 




20 


Hildreth Ezekiel 


Cambridge Johns 




61 


Higgins Alpheus 


Crosby Eli 




50 


Hildreth Wilson 


Clap Ichobod 


2-4 


1 24 


Haven Joseph 


Dean Kichard 


69 


89 


Hartwell Oliver 


Dutton David 


67 


67 


Hadley Benjamin 


Duncan Jason Esq. and Son> 


a 08 


2 48 


Haven Abel 


Duncan Abel 


77 


77 


Healey Jame& 


Davenport Charles 


34 


34 


Hudson Enos 


Davenport Charles Jr. 


95 


95 


Hudson Seth 


Dutton Asa 


3 23 3 22 


Hfflyard Joseph 


Dutton Samuel 


4 27 


4 27 


Holton Arad 


Dutton Samuel Jr. 


33 


33 


Haven David 


Duncan Samuel 


12 1 1 


12' 


Hadley Jesse 


Dickenson Paul 


54 


54 


Herrick Jonathan 


Estabrook Benjamin 


1 22 


1 22 


Hadley Ebenezer 


Ellis Benjamin and Soois 


33 


33 


Holton Reuben 


Enos Joseph 


66 


66 


Jenks Obediah 


Farr William 


14 


34 


Jillson Sylvester 


Fisher Ebenezer 


17 


17 


Johnson James 


Frith Abraham Jr. 


99 


99 


Johnson Simeon 


FairchUd Silas 


26 


26 


Johnson F. Edward 


French Joel 


6 


26 


Johnson Ashbel 


Flarity ( Florida ) James 


I 30 1 


30 


Johnson WUliam 


French Nathan 


2 49 2 40 


Jacobs Joseph 


French John 


14 


14 


Kathan John 


French Samnel 


51 


71 


Kathan Gardner 


Foster Skelton 


57 


57 


Knight Joel 



49 


69- 


90 1 


10' 


26 


26- 


.53 


7S 


47 1 


6T 


92 


92- 


13 


3? 


K 


33- 


98 1 


18- 


2r 13 2 


31 


2 03 2 


02: 


24 


44- 


I 32 1 


32' 


22 


42- 


7 


27 


39 


59 


26 


26; 


10 


1* 


72 


72- 


65 


65. 


§5 


95 


51 


2t 


39 


39 


13 


33; 


15 


35. 


I 57 1 


57 


I 27 ] 


47 


1 32 1 


65 


10 30» 


24 


24 


I 72 


I 72; 


6 


& 


1 25 1 25- 


55 


19 


21 


21 


1 24 1 2i 


10 


10 


44 


44 


31 


31 


15 


35 


57 


77 


66 


86 


1 20 


1 40 


2 02 


2 02 


40 


40- 


56 


56 


41 


61 



DUMMERSTON. 



109 



Knight Jesse 


1 23 


1 23 


Pierce Josiah 


40 


40 


Knight Samuel 


1 11 


1 31 


Prouty Abel 


18 


38 


Kathan John 2(1. 


75 


75 


Pierce Benjamin 


73 


73 


Kelley Alexander 


1 51 


1 51 


Presson Benja. & Stephen 


56 


76 


Katban Daniel 


1 88 


1 88 


Porter Samuel Esq. 2 


07 2 


27 


Kendall Luke 


1 80 


2 


Parish Asa l 


74 1 


74 


Kendall Isaac 


6 


6 


Prentiss Elkanah 


29 


26 


Knight Jonathan Jr. 


1 40 


1 60 


Potter Reuben 


35 


35 


Kathan Alex. & Thomas 


2 35 


2 55 


Pratt Asa 


52 


52 


Kathan Daniel 2, 






Pierce William 


22 


22 


Knapp Ichabod 


3 03 


3 03 


Parker Elijah 


20 


20 


Kilbuiy Richard & John 


1 42 


1 75 


Presson Samuel 


6 


26 


Kelley Richard Jr. 


51 


51 


Pratt Jesse 




20 


Kathan David 


45 


65 


Randall Elisha 


33 


33 


Knapp John 


26 


46 


Rider David 


6 


6 


Kneeland Ahner 


31 


31 


Rich Elijah 


26 


46 


Kathan Daniel Jr. 


38 


71 


Reed Isaac 


97 


I 17 


Kathan Prentice 


66 


66 


Rice Nathan, Eph'm. & Elijah 


1 84 


1 84 


Kelley William 


5 


25 


Rice Amos & Gardner 


1 53 


1 73 


Laughton Jacob 


1 59 


1 79 


Streeter Samuel 


20 


20 


Leonard William 


06 


96 


Sabin Elisha 


20 


20 


Larrabee J. Widow 


37 


37 


Sargeant Caleb 


20 


20 


Laughton Samuel Jr. 


65 


65 


Sargeant Rufus 


I 63 1 


63 


Laughtou 2, & Thomas 


1 13 


1 33 


Sargeant Thomas 


18 1 


18 


Laughton David 


6 


26 


Stockwell Joel 


81 1 


01 


Lamb Peter 


1 11 


1 11 


Stimpson Amos 


20 


20 


Laughton John Lt. 


1 19 


1 19 


Stoddard Samuel 


37 


'57 


Larrabee John 


33 


33 


Sargeant Calvin 


17 


17 


Miller Vespacian 2d. 


33 


53 


Stockwell Jonas l 


73 1 


73 


Morse John & Samuel 


1 62 


1 62 


Stevens Henry l 


10 1 


10 


Mann James 


77 


77 


Stimpson Simeon l 




20 


Miller John 


69 2 


69 2 


Sargeant Jolm 




20 


Miller Vespacian Capt. 


1 31 


1 31 


Stearns Daniel 


26 


26 


Miller Hosea 


65 


85 


Shaw Bela 2 


21 2 


21 


Manley James 


1 53 


1 53 


Stickney Peter 


68 


98 


Miller William 


1 17 


1 17 


Sweetser William. 


50 


83 


Miller Marshal 


1 67 


I 67 


Stone Nathaniel 


56 


58 


Miller Sylvanus 


1 48 


1 48 


Stimpson Charles 


20 


20 


Manley Jesse 


■2 09 


2 09 


Taylor Isaac 


56 


.56 








Tait Silas 




2 


Merrick Ebenezer 


64 


64 




- 


Miller George 


40 


60 


Taft Asahel 


69 


69 


Mann Nath'l 


63 


S3 


Thompson Benoni 


98 


98 


Mann Stephen 


16 


36 


Town Parila 


28 


62 








Taylor Daniel & Luke 1 


50 


50 


Manley Jesse Lt, 


42 


62 








Moore Jona. do. 


85 


85 


Thayer Thadeus 


74 


74 


Miller Joseph 


33 


33 


Temple Joseph i 


17 1 


17 








TwitcheU Joshua 


30 


30 


Merrick Moses 




20 








Negus William 


91 


91 


Thompson Uriah 




20 








Turner John ] 


17 1 


17 


Negus John 


56 


56 














Turner Thomas 


63 


63 


Norcross Nahum 


18 


38 














Turner Elias 


20 


20 


Newton James 


33 


33 














Taylor Israel 


38 


38 


Nm-se Joseph 


1 42 


1 42 














Viol Mason 


38 


53 


Orvis Widow Wm. 


13 


13 


Wyman George 




13 



no VERMONT HISTORICAL MAGAZINE. 

Porter, Da\-id Gates, Marshall & John Miller, 
Ichahod Knapp, Abner Town, Jona. Barrus, 
Lemuel & Dan'l Davenport, Asa & Levi Caryl, 
Nathan Cook, Elkanah Prentiss, Benj. Esta- 
brook Benja. Alvord, William & John Negus 
Jason Duncan, Josiah Kellogg, Solomon Cook. 

DISTRICT NO. 2. 

John Baldwin. John Kathan2d., Caleb Gra- 
ham, Henry Stearns, Richard Kelley, Samuel 
Wilder, Aaron Jones, Mr. Taylor, Oliver Hart- 
well, Alexander Kelley, Benjamin Jones Jr. 
Amos Rice, Samuel Duncan, Dr. Haven, Elias 
Wilder, David & Asa Dutton, Joseph Bemis 
Philip Bemis, Ephraim Rice, Elias Burbank, 
Jotliam Houghton, James Healey, Henry Wil- 
lard, Andrew Willard, Nathan Ball. 

DISTRICT NO. 3. 

John Fuller, James Nichols, Elihu Sargeant, 
Daniel Kathan 2d. Uriah Higgens, Rufus Sar- 
geant, Jonathan Willard, Stephen Beal, Benj- 
amin Pierce. Mr. Bond. Bela Shaw, Benjamin- 
Whitney, Levi Goddard, Jesse HUdreth, Jos. 
Hildreth, Jr. Capt. Jones, Jos. & JWilson Hil- 
dreth, William Miller, Charles Davenport, Jr. 
Mr. Webster, Charles Davenport, Jabez Butler 
Aaron Brooks, John Kneeland, Wm. Middle- 
ditch, Benjamin, David, & Elias Bemis, Isaac 
Bigelow and Samuel Nichols. 
DISTRICT NO. 4. 

John Kilbury, Daniel Kathan, Ebenezer Ha- 
ven, Abel Haven, Alexander Kathan, John & 
Eleazer Rhoades, Elijah Brown, Gideon Burn- 
ham, Abel Johnson, Joseph Haven, Widow 
Flarty (Florida ), John Shephard Gates, Ash- 
bel Johnson. William Sargeant, John Kathan, 
Gardner Kathan, Ephraim 

DISTRICT NO. 5. 

Joseph Temple Isaac Boyden, John Mc,wain , 
Isaac Reed, Jesse Knight, Thomas Laughton 
Joel Knight, John Butler, Joseph Higgens, Eli- 
jah Town, Samuel & Jona. Knight, Calvin But- 
er, Wm. Boyden, William Wyman, Samuel & 
Jacob Laughton, Abel Butler, Benjamin Witt, 
Arad Holton, Henry Cressey, Simeon Johnson 
Anthony Mason John Burnham, Asa White. 

DISTRICT NO. 6. 

Josiah Taft Enos Phillips, Jonas Livermore 2 
Seth & Enos Hudson, Asahel Taft, Jonas Walk- 
er, Josiah Pierce, Sam'l Norcross.Nath.l French 
Solomon Nourse Seth Duncan, John Larrabee. 
Silas Taft, Jonathan Child. 

DISTRICT NO. 7. 

Abraham Fitts, John Laughton, Jonathan, 
Jonas & Thomas Parr, Josiah Spaulding, John 



Williams Asa 


1 42 1 


42 1 


Walker Jonas 


1 79 1 


79 


Wilder Joshua 


95 1 


23 


Wood Seth 


33 


53 

1 


Whitney Benjamin 


26 


26 


Woodbury Stephen 


1 16 1 


16 


Wai. Widow Ebenezer 


23 1 


23 


Wilder Elias 


2 03 2 


03 


Willard Henry 


2 36 2 


69 


Webster Asahel 


51 


51 


Wilson Joseph 


6 


26 


Wyman John Lieut. 


75 


75 


Wyman John Jr. 


58 


58 


Wakefield Samuel 


1 04 1 


04 


Wilson Ezekiel 


26 


26 


Warner Daniel 


1 04 1 


04 


Wdliard Peter 


13 1 


33 


Welch Silas 


29 


29 


Winslow Joseph 


35 


35 


Wooley Asa 


39 


39 


Wilder Atholiab Jr. 


46 


46 


Wood Jonas 


42 


42 


White Asa 


6 


26 


Whitney Henry 


39 


39 


Whipple John 


69 


69 


Ward Nahum 


93 


93 


Zwear Daniel 


93 


93 



$209. 51 $233.79 
JONAS WALKER, ) Cpipptmen 

STEPHEN WOODBURY, 1 ^^eiectmen. 
Dummerston, January 16, 1802 

Note.— This Tax Bill was found among the 
papers of John Miller, Collector, 1802. 

DISTRICTS AND INHABITANTS 
IN 1793. 
In connection with the old tax bill for 
1802, it will be interesting to know in 
what part of the town most of the fam- 
ilies lived near the close of the last cen- 
tury. From the report of a committee 
for dividing the town into school dis- 
tricts, Dec. 10, 1793, of whom Jona- 
than Knight was chairman, the follow- 
ing information is obtained : The Centre 
School plot for the Town of Dummers- 
ton was 

DISTRICT NO. I, 

Samuel Dutton Jr. Joseph Hillyard John 
Wyman Jr., Vespacian Miller, Hosea Miller, 
Stephen Woodbury, David Leavitt, Thomas 
Clark, Simeon Colby, Ebenezer Wait, Samuel 



DUMMERSTON. 



Ill 



Marsh, Mr. Cobleigh, Mr. Parnieter, Xatbaniel 
Holmes. Micah French. John Turner, Elijah 
Remington, Luther Butler, Mrs. Twitchell, An- 
drew Crowl, Patrick Mc-manis, Timothy Cros- 
by, John Smith, Samuel Gowen, Benj. Presson, 
Archibald Woods, Rufus Freeman, Seth Smith 
James and Jesse Manley. 

The oldest tax bill we have examined 
in this town, was for the year 1806. 
It contains a list of 295 tax-payers who 
were to pay a tax of one cent on the 
"general list" of said Dummerston, and 
is signed by Samuel Porter and Seth 
Hudson, selectmen of the town. At 
that time there were eight tax-payers in 
town, by the name of Kathan, and 
twelve named Miller. The most sin- 
gular name on the list is Z wears. Asa 
Button was the largest tax-payer, his 
tax being $4.65. The only man now 
living (1871) whose name is on this 
bill, is Jonas Walker who still resides 
in town at the venerable age of 90 years. 
The tax bill for 1807, shows that Henry 
Willard was the largest land holder at 
that time, and owned 418 acres. Thomas 
Clark stands next having 416 acres. 
The tax is an assessment of one cent on 
each acre of land for the purpose of 
building a State Prison. The tax for 
for 1808, was one cent on a dollar of 
the grand list, and it appears from the 
examination of other bills, that it was 
the general rate of taxation in those 
days. It was the custom also to make 
a new biU for each kind of tax assessed 
for the year ; and this plan was followed 
until sometime after Wm. O. Miller 
received the office of constable and col- 
lector. Mr. Miller was chosen in 1844, 
and has collected the taxes each year 
since, except two, making a service at 
the present time (1879) of 33 years. 
The tax-book now in use, of which 
Joseph Steen of Brattleboro has a copy- 
right or claim of some kind, and which 
Mr. Miller himself used for sometime 



previous to the year 1867, at which 
time he suggested to Mr. Steen the 
j method now used, has the names and 
grand list written on the left hand page 
and exhibits on the right the ditferent 
kinds of taxes, including town, state, 
school and county. The tax-book for 
1871, when this article was first written 
contains 380 names, and of this num- 
ber fourteen are MiUers and but two 
Kathans. Among old deeds we men- 
tion two that are ancient ; one is dated 
1739, the other 1754. 

ABRIDGED ANNALS. 

May 16th, 1775, the town " Votid 
that the Selectmen Be the men to take 
Cair of theves. Yotide that Elexander 
Kathon Should have his gun. meeting 
Disolved By a grate meJority of votes." 

Mundy the twenty-second of may 
Enoch Cook & thomas Clark Chosen 
Daligates to Set at westminester." 

" thursday, the twenty-second of June 
at won of the Clock in the after noon. 
Votid that the town Act a Cording to 
the County Congras in thaer Resolves. 
Votid in By the melisha of the town 
Jonathan Knight Capt. Josiah Boyden 
Lieutenant and that william Neagos Be 
the insieu'for the melisha of said town" 

" At a town meetin Held the 22 of 
Augost At the meeting hous at fore of 
the Clock in the after Noon to act on the 
foloing artickles Viz. Meeting openid. 
Enoch kook chosen moderator — Votid 
that tis the SenCe of this town that the 
Letters that are in the hand of Doctr 
Solomon Harvy are Not any EvidanCe 
in the Case which the Commite is Col- 
lectin for the Evidance wliich tlia are 
to Colect is the Bad Conduct of the Cort , 
from its fust Setting up the Cort Down 
to the fust of march Last and that those 
Letters only Shue that the Peple ware 
Displeaised at the Earbitary Conduct of 
the offiseirs of the Cort and ware Rady 
to Rise and stop the Cort before that 
time ; and those Letters Show Like Avise 
the unity of the People and pur fix the 
time ; and we think it Best not to have 
those Letors goe to westminester ;" 



112 



VERMONT HISTORICAL MAGAZINE. 



P. C. Voti.l that John Hooker Cari 
on the Publick worship on the Lord's 
Day." 

September 11th, " Votide m to the 
Cunipini of me Lisha of the town Dan- 
iel Kathan second Lieut. William Negos 
Axed a Dissmi shon from said Compini 
as an in sine and it was grainted. Votid 
in to said Compini of me Lisha as an 
insian John Shepord gaits in the Room 
of william Negos." 

November "iSd, " Ata town meeting 
held to act on the foloing artickils, viz : 
maid Choyce of John Hooker modara- 
tor. Votide not to Send Daligats to 
nue york — Votide that Enoch Cook 
Shuld not Serve nor Stand as a Com- 
mity man for the town nor for the 
County of Cumberland (Windham) Nor 
act in this town in a publick Station." 

November 28 ' ' Voted to Reconsider 
the former Votid Not to Send Daligates 
to Nue yorke and Votide to Send two 
Daligates to New york, By being in- 
formid that it was NedfuU to send them 
Votid that John Hooker Shall Repre- 
sent this town to set at Westminister in 
the Room of Enoch Cook and that said 
hooker Shall Gary the town Votes to 
Westminister." 

Desember 14. The voters met accord- 
ing to adjournment and "a Joured to 
the 21st of Desember instant at one of 
the Clock in the after noon to mr Enoch 
Cooks and all so is a Jorned to Said 
time." " Metatthe hows of mr Enoch 
Cook the 2 Id a Cording to a Jourment 
meeting oppenid and proseedid to Bis- 
niss." 

Votid to Rase the Sum of ten Dolors 
for to Surport Daligats to Go to new 
york if nede be and for the Colecttors 
to pay the sum of ten Dolors in to the 
hands of Jonathan Knight for to Ceep 
til furdor ordeas as the town chose him 
trashueri for that End. 

Votid that Jonathan Knight and Enoch 
Cook Joseph hildrith secuer the towns 
Records that are in Drt. Solomon har- 
vys hand and transCribe it into a town 
Book." 

Febuary 26, 1776, " after moshon 
maid and secondid maid choise of mr. 
John Hooker Clark protemporara — 
Votid to send a man to Jine the County 
Comitte on the twelfth of march at the 



hows of mr. John Saagants at Brattle- 
borough at Nine of the Clock in the fore 
Noon to Draw up a Remonstrance to 
Send to the Contanatshall Congras at 
PhileDalpha Consarning those that per- 
patrated the Blody Masscaree on the 
thurteeinth of march Last. Secondly 
maid Choise of Decon Jonathan Cole of 
Westmoreland in the State of hampshier 
to Be a member to Joine the other mem- 
bers at time and plase Entor on the sd 
Bisness. Voted that tha woold not Ex- 
cept of the plan the Countys Committy 
Gave out as a Gineral Rule to go By 
for a Valiations of a States. Votid to 
Chuse a Comitty of thre men to make a 
mending on the Countys Comittys Gin- 
aral Ruele as tha Shall think fit. maid 
Choise of mr. Enoch Coock and mr. 
thomas Clark and mr. william Neegos 
to Be a Comitty for the a Bove sd por- 
poss. John Hooker Clark protemp Feb- 
urawary ye 26, 1776." 

April 15, " Voted that hoggs Shall 
not Run at large. Voted to have a com- 
ity to take Care of hoggs — william Boy- 
den mr. Haven mr. Hoseah miller Be 
the Committy to take Care of hooggs. 
Votid that if any man Sustain Damage 
By the Comittys hoogs that two of that 
Committy has Libbarty to Chuse the 
thurd man to prise the Dammegs that 
his hoogs has Dun. Votid that the 
Comitty for the year in Suing to take 
the Care of hoogs uppone Complaint 
Being maid to them of Damige Being 
Dun, tley shall Go Immediately and 
prize the sd Damige according to thare 
judgment with in fore Days from thare 
Being Notified and if Not Settelled 
the hogs Shall Be posted twenty-fore 
owers and then sele at publick Ven- 
due to the highest bider and if the 
Sale of sd hogs Excedt the a Bove sd 
Damige Be Returned to the oner of sd 
hogs and if he Refuse to take this Said 
overplus it shall Rest in sd Committys 
hands until furdor orders the man who 
surstains the Damige shall first Notifie 
the oner of the hogs. Votid with a 
grait mejority in ye afarmitive 

June 18, " Voted that Lut. Lenord 
Spolding Be a Commitey man in the 
Roome of Ebenezer haven to go to west- 
minister & set thar. Voted that the 
town will Bair thare Equil purporshon 



DUMMER8T0N. 



113 



to send to the Contananshal Congx'as." 
["We have a few more leaves of this 
old ms. we may use for another gap.] 

STAUBBACH FALLS* 

is a new name for a very beautiful fall 
near West river, in The Hague, on a 
stream called Fall brook, because the 
descent i'rom its source is so precipitous. 
What is now called Staubbach Falls has 
long been known as'^FallBrook Falls." 
It is a charming retreat in the forest, 
and exceedingly romantic. A winding 
path, shaded by evergreen trees, leads 
up from the highway beside the brook, 
along the southern bank to the water- 
fall. The steep, rugged banks, pros- 
trate, decaying old trees, projecting 
rocks, moss-grown and covered with 
ferns, give a primitive look to the local- 
ity. The ravine is deep and its north- 
ern bank just below the falls rises to a 
height of more than a himdred feet. 
The bi'ook runs over a ledge nearly per- 
pendicular and 60 feet in height. Years 
ago the fall was 10 or 15 feet more than 
it now is, as freshets have washed in a 
quantity of large stones at the foot of 
the ledge. The brook is three miles in 
length and has its source on Putney 
West Hill. 

* Conclusion of Paper on the Hague. A 
leaf of the Ms. overlooked on page 107. 



WARNING OUT OF TOWN. 

The custom of warning persons out of 
towQ, who, in the opinion of the select- 
men, were liable to become a "Town 
charge," went into practice here soon 
after the organization of the township. 
The following warrant, copied from the 
old records, shows the kind of instruct- 
ions then issued to the constables by the 
selectmen : 

"State of Vermont Windham Coun- 
ty Dummerston Apr. ye 2d, 1781 To 



Either of the Constables in the Town of 
Dummerston Greeting : In the Name & 
behalf of the freemen and by the Au- 
thority of the same we command you 
forthwith to Warn all the tranchent Per- 
sons that is not Inhabitants in this Town 
that have not been in the Town one 
year from this Date that is liable to be 
a Town Charge to Depart forthwith out 
of the Town with their Families if any 
they have.'" 

The order does not state what consti- 
tutes a freeman, or an inhabitant beyond 
one year's residence. In order to be 
exempt from being warned ont, it was 
probably necessary to be "native born." 
or the owner of some real estate. To 
the authorities there must be some vis- 
ible means of support, something exter- 
nal in the appearance of the new comer, 
or he must leave within a year from 
his time of advent. If he had "but a 
thousand a year," known only to him- 
self, he must go according to the warn- 
ing. Good habits, honesty, upright- 
ness, and educational accomplishments, 
would not qualify a man for citizenship. 

According io the order issued Apr. 2, 
1781, the families warned out, were 
John and Susanna Fuller ; heirs, Ly- 
man and Raymand Fuller ; Woods and 
family ; Nancy Woods ; Ebenezer How 
and Lucy, Patty, and Charity How ; 
James Coats ; Israel Rich and family ; 
Adam Fleeman ; Margaret, Solomon, 
Adam Jr., Mary Magdalene, and Eu- 
nice Fleeman ; John Day ; Anna and 
Margaret Day ; David Russell ; Caty 
Morse : Abner Bemis ; Catherine Be- 
mis : Joseph and Jemima Bemis. Date 
of warnings Apr. 14, and 18, 1781. 

Very little is now remembered in re- 
gard to the condition of these families, 
warned out of town that year, except 
that of Joseph and Jemima (Stoddard) 
Bemis. Mr. Bemis was about 24 years 
old, had one child at that time and had 



114 



VERMONT HISTORICAL MAGAZINE. 



served through the Revolutionary war, 
He must have been all right physically. 
He did not "depart immediately," but 
remained to earn a living without ' ' Town 
charge," bring up a family of six chil- 
dren, buy and pay for a g(^od farm, in- 
herited by his children, and died at the 
advanced age of 79 years, a respected, 
worthy citizen. His son, Joseph Jv 
born in Dummerston, Aug. 5, 1786, is 
now living (1884) in New York State 
in his 98th year. 



POVERTY YEAR. 

The year 1816, well remembered by 
the oldest citizens, as the cold season or 
^'Poverty-year." It was known in New 
England as eighteen-froze-to-death. 
There was frost every month in the year, 
though August was exempt from frost 
in some localities. The mean mprcurial 
temperature that year was about 43°. 
Snow fell in June and frost cut down 
the growing corn. The early frosts of 
September destroyed the unripe corn, 
which some farmers vainly tried to save 
by early husking and spreading. Fam- 
ine stared every one in the face and it 
was a hard year for all, though some of 
the river farmers had fair crops when 
all others failed. The crop of English 
grain was heavy and this saved the in- 
habitants from partial famine. The 
only field of corn that ripened in this 
town, that year, was on the "Haven 
farm," and the crop was raised by 
"uncle" Jairus Haven, a man now 
[1881] living at the age of 92 years. 
He is very deaf, but when he is made to 
understand that something is desired i 
from him about 1816, he is pleased to 
relate his success in raising corn that 
year. Abeut 15 miles up the river on 
the New Hampshire side . in Walpole 
was a wealthly farmer, Thomas Bellows 
Esq., who had a good crop of corn. 



He had more than he needed for his 
own use, and what he had to spare was 
sold in small quantities at the price ia 
years of plenty to such men as needed 
it for their families and could pay for it 
only in day's labor, and were obliged to» 
carry it home in a bag on their backs. 
Speculators were hard hearted in those- 
days, as now, and took advantage of 
the situation of affairs to speculate ia 
corn. One such man called on the 
"Squire" to purchase corn and inquired 
his price. He was much surprised to* 
learn that it was no more than in years; 
of plenty, and said he would take the 
corn, " How much wovild you like,'" 
inquired Mr. Bellows? "I will take all 
you have to spare," said the speculator, 
" You cannot have it," stammered the 
the Squire, for he had an impediment 
in his speech. " If yon want a bushel 
for your family, you can have it at my 
price, but no man can buy of me to 
speculate in this year of scarcity." The 
story was told to George B. Bartlett, a 
visitor in Walpole some years since, 
and it so impressed him that he embod- 
ied it in a little poem, we chrisen 

THE OLD SQUIRE. 

In the time of the sorrowful famine year 
When crops were scanty and bread was dear. 
The good Squire's fertile and sheltered farm- 
In the valley nestled secure from harm : 
For the Walpole hills, in their rngged might 
Softened the chill winds deathly blight, 
So the sweet Connecticut's peaceful sti-eam 
Reflected the harvest's golden gleam: 
And the buyers gathered with eager greed 
To speculate on the poor man's need; 
But the good Squire said "It is all in vain ,- 
No one with money can buy my grain ; 
But he who is hungry may come and take 
An ample store for the giver's sake. 
The good old man to his rest has gone. 
But his fame still shines in the golden corn. 
For every year in its ripening grain, 
Tlie grand old stoiy was told again. 
Of him whose treasure was laid away 
In the banks that seven -fold interest pay; 
For to feed the hungry and clothe the poor 
Is a speculation that's always sure. 



DU3IMEEST0N. 



113 



mRLY iMILITARY 
HISTORY, 

t&OIXG TO WESTMINSTER. 

The early records of this towu fur- 
siish but little ii2 formation of a military 
•character. The first warlike event in 
-which the inhabitants manifested mu-ch 
excitement, was the fight at Westiiiin- 
•ster in 1775, when William French was 
killed, and Daniel Houghto-i mortally 
wounded. The company from Brattle- 
boro, including French, stopped on their 
way to the court-lwuse, at Ebenezer 
Haven's m this town, and were quite 
merry and boisterous. They laiighed 
.and joked about the grand time they 
;should have in preventing the court par- 
ty from taking their seats. Mrs. Ha- 
'ven thought they had cause to feel sober, 
.and told them, their joy would be chang- 
ed to sadness before they returned, a 
iprophecy that was indeed, verified. 

THE DUMMERSTON YORKER, 

Alexander Kathan, was in the fight 
on the side of the court party, or "to- 
ries," as they were called ; and so in- 
dignant -^ere the citizens towards him, 
that he was arrested and sentenced to 
remain on his farxa one year, and not 
step off from it under penalty of death. 
A neighbor on the farm joining his, 
watched him daily during the whole 
year, and always kept a loaded gun with 
liim, while at work in the field, for the 
purpose of shooting him the moment 
that he should step over the boundary. 
'*It was lucky for him," said the man, 
"that he strictly kept within his limit, 
for I should have shot him as quick as 
I would an Indian." In July, 1777, 
as soon as the news of the battle of 
Hubbardton reached here, a company of 
militia was sent from this town to Cas- 
tleton where the main body of the army 



under Gen. St. Clair, was stationed, and 
ren^ained in die service till aJter the bat- 
tle ofBenniugton was fought in August. 

THE DUMMERSTON FRIGHT. 

About the year 1780, the inhabitants 
in the northwestern part of this town, 
and a few families living near them, in 
Brookline, became alarmed at sounds 
which they heard in the woods. They 
had. occasionally, heard the firing of 
a gun in the morning and during the 
forenoon ; but they quieted their fears 
for a time. Towards night the sounds 
became more frequent, and a smoke 
having been seen in the forest, they felt 
sure that Indians were comitig to mur- 
der them and destroy their property. 
They hastily gathered what few valua- 
bles they could carry, and with their 
families and teams fled to the older set- 
tlements a few miles farther to the south- 
east. All the inhabitants on the way 
were alarmed and joined in the flight. 
When they reached the dwellings of 
those families living on the hills in the 
central part of tjhe to^vn, some were per- 
suaded to stop there, as it would be a 
good place for defence ; but several of 
the more timid ones, went farther on 
towards Brattleboro where there would 
be greater safety, for they declared the 
Indians would come beyond the top of 
the hills. A guard was stationed by 
those who remained on the hill, and ev- 
ery thing in readiness for an attack. The 
hours passed slowly during the night ; 
and to while away the time and keep 
awake, potatoes were roasted and eaxen, 
the guard frequently visited and every 
precaution taken against surprise. 

Morning da-vvned at last, and still no 
signs of the approaching enemy. Two 
brave men, well armed, were sent back 
towards the scenes of depredation to as- 
certain what damage had been done by 
the Indians. On their approach to the 
place, they saw the door of one house 



16 



VERMONT HISTORICAL MAGAZINE. 



standing open and also heard a noise 
inside- "There ! there !" exclaimed one 
"the Indians are here, they are plun- 
dering my house !" They went cau- 
tiously to the door, guns in hand, ready 
for an encounter, when suddenly a loud 
grunt was heard and out rushed an old 
porker, the only occupant of the build- 
ing. The men laughed heartily, went 
farther on, learned the causes of their 
alarm, and returned to the company. 

A heavy snow had fallen the day pre- 
vious to the alarm and continued to fall 
the next day. 

The weather being a little warm, the 
snow had lodged on the trees in large 
quantities, causing the limbs of some 
to break and fall. The inhabitants 
liad mistaken these sounds for the 
report of guns. The smoke which 
was seen in the distance, was caused by 
a party of surveyors, who had stopped 
in the woods and built a fire ; and the 
hog had got access to the house after 
the wind had blown open the door. No 
lives we e lost, and the inhabitants re- 
turned to their homes unmolested. 

FRENCH AND INDIAN WAR. 

WILLIAM NEGUS, 

who died about 1817, nearly 90 years 
of age, a soldier in the French and In- 
dian War, lived on a farm about one 
mile S. W. of where the old meeting- 
house stood. His orchard of apple-trees 
bore fruit first of any in that section. 
He owned the first cider-mill in town. 
The apparatus for the pressing consist- 
ed of a large heavy timber fastened loose- 
ly at one end, between two posts, and 
free at the other, under which was the 
floor of the press ; above this was a 
windlass used for raising the end of the 
heavy timber. At first the timber was 
sufficiently heavy to press out the cider ; 
afterwards, weights were added to fin- 
ish the work. The pomace was gen- 



erally ground a second time, and water 
sometimes hot, poured on, so that the 
last pressing would be sure to squeeze 
out all the ci^er. Whenever cider was 
made in the mill, Mr. Negus helped to 
do it, and the boys were not allowed to- 
eat apples or drink cider, while he was 
present, for the reason that they were 
scarce in those times. 

He was muscular in form, quite tall, 
and much stronger than men in general. 
His chest and shoulders were very broad 
and his hands imcommonly large. He; 
used to say very little about his fight with 
the Indians ; but many stories have been 
told of his great feats of strength. 

On one occasion, when he was haul- 
ing timber to build a house, the hired 
man was obliged to drive the team along 
the brow of a hill. There was danger 
of the log's rolling downward and injur- 
ing the team ; so Mr. Negus took a large 
lever, stepped over on the lower side, 
placed one end on the ground near the 
log, and the other on his shoulder. 
"Drive on," said he to the hired man ; 
but the log which was 20 feet long and 
large enough to make a stick of tim- 
ber 8 inches square, instead of going as 
he expected, rolled up on the lever close 
to his head. He stood firm, meanwhile, 
and straight up like a goose in a show- 
er, till the driver could stdp the team 
and roll the log back again. 'Did it 
hurt you" inquired the driver? "No," 
said he, "but it pressed my bones prefc- 
ty close together." [See Negus, page 
69.] 

SAMUEL LAUGHTON 

was in the provincial army that formed 
a part of the British forces in the war 
against the French and Indians. He 
was in service from 1759, till the treaty 
of peace in 1763, and served most of 
the time in the state of New York. He 
moved into this town in 1768, and set- 



DUMMERSTON. 



117 



tied on the farm where his grand-son 
now lives, — the nearest house being at 
that time, one mile distant. He was 
obliged to go three miles to get an axe 
ground ; and went to mill in Northfield, 
Mass. At the time of his death in 1814, 
he was 93 years old. His son, Jacob 
Laughton, died in this town, Aug. 29, 
1852, aged 91. 

MOSES ALVOKD, 

a French and Indian war soldier, died 
in 1816, aged 85 years. When he was 
in service in Franconia, N. H., both 
his feet were frozen, and amputation 
□ ear the instep was necessary. Ever 
afterwards his walk was peculiar ; and 
from the circumstance that his footsteps 
seemed to imitate the sound of the voice 
in speaking the words, he received the 
title of "Four-pc'und-ten." He was a 
man of medium size and height, very 
fond of story-telling, and a great hand 
to carry the news. A neighbor once 
told him that the minister, Mr. Beckley, 
had a negro working for him, — he saw 
him chopping wood near the house, as he 
came along that morning. "Has he," 
inquired the old man, and soon afte he 
started off, and was gone all day, tell- 
ing the news that some benevolent man 
in Connecticut had sent Mr. Beckley a 
negro, that he had arrived, and some- 
body saw him at work there. When 
he returned home that night, the folks 
told him that the story was an imposi- 
tion, and the next day, he again, went 
over the route, and corrected it. 
REVOLUTIONARY WAR. 

JOSEPH BILLIARD, 

one of the early settlers in town, was 
in the army of the Revolution. He died 
before the government granted pensions 
to the soldiers, except those who were 
invalids. He was 82 years old at the 
time of his death in 1815. 

He was a man of eccentric habits, 



rather witty in his sayings, and a socia- 
ble and agreeable citizen. He acquir- 
ed no property, and depended upon char- 
ity and the labor of his hands for sup- 
port in his declining years. 

He was a member of the Congrega- 
tional church, was very constant in at- 
tendance upon the Sabbath, always 
watched the minister closely, and could 
make good criticisms of the sermons. 
Those persons who remember the old 
man like to tell the story of his writing 
texts on a post in the meeting-house. 
He occupied a seat in the gallery at the 
right of the pulpit and quite near to the 
minister. At the head of his pew was 
a cobimn which supported that end of 
the gallery and extended to the upper 
part of the building. Whenever the 
minister read his text, he was always 
ready with a pin to scratch it down on 
the "post," and so many times had he 
done so, that it was all written over 
with texts as high as he could reach. 
Often when he was in the act of writ- 
ing, th3 young folks would whisper to 
each other saying, "See there ! grand- 
pa Hilliard is treeing the text !" 

BENJABUN GLEASON, 

a pensioner, served in the army 7 years, 
He was born in 1745, lived in this town 
many years, and died Oct. 23, 1823, 
aged 78. Nothing can be ascertained 
about his long experience in war ; but 
we met with one old gentleman, who 
told us the following story of his killing 
an Indian : 

The Indians had come down the Con- 
necticut valley, from Canada for the 
purpose of destroying the property of 
the whites and taking them prisoners. 
Gleason was an object of their search ; 
but he was vigilant, and managed to es- 
cape into the forest, on the approach of 
the savages. His place of retreat was 
soon discovered ; and with the intention 



118 



VERMONT HISTORICAL MAGAZINE. 



of capturing him alive, an Indian came 
towards him looking very good natured, 
and for the purpose of deception, pre- 
tended that he was going to shake hands, 
saying, as he walked along, "Sagah?" 
"Sagah? "in English, how are you? how 
are you? "I'll Sagah you," said Ben, 
and instantly shot him dead. The In- 
dians were greatly enraged, on finding 
their comrade dead ; but Gleason was 
too cunning for the red men, and was 
never made their prisoner. 

JAMES HANLEY, 

an Irishman, and, a long time, resident 
of this town, was in the American ar- 
-my, during the Revolution. In 1781, 
the town authorities deemed it necessa- 
ry to look after his interests and, 
"According to an Act of the General 
Assembly of the State of Vermont made 
and Provided for Idle aad Impotent 
Persons, appointed Lieut. John Wy man 
to be his Overseer and take care of him 
and his Affects." 

This provision was essential to pre- 
vent his family from coming to want. His 
army experience made him a brave sol- 
dier, but not an industrious and temper- 
ate citizen. He died before the govern- 
ment granted pensions, and was at the 
time of his death 80 years old. 

Hanley hated the "Yorkers" and nev- 
er spoke of them in very respectful terms. 
Whenever they caused any disturban- 
ces in the community, he was always 
ready with his old musket, to help keep 
the peace. 

In those times, a home guard was 
appointed to assist the inhabitants, in 
any emergency, and protect persons and 
property. Provision was made for the 
guard, whenever they should be called 
into the service ; and for that purpose, 
the town owned two or three cows 
which were kept for a time, on the farm 
af Hosea Miller, and, for safe keeping, 
were always put into an inclosure dur- 



ing the night. Hanley got information 
one evening that some Yorkers had 
come into the neighborhood to drive off 
the cows ; and to frustrate their plan, he 
took his gun, hastened to the farm of 
Mr. Miller, roused him up, said that the 
Yorkers were coming to steal the cows, 
and he must help defend them. Miller 
thought he was more alarmed than need 
be, — there was no danger of their steal- 
ing the cows. Yes, there was, i.e was 
sure of it, and he must help, or let his 
hired man. They both refused to go 
out and help him ; and no choice re- 
mained, but to let the cows be stolen 
or defend them himself. Hanley's cc>ur- 
age was up ; he shouldered his musket 
and marched off to the yard to guard 
them alone. He was not long in wait- 
ing, when he heard the Yorkers tearing 
down the fence on the side opposite to 
him. Creeping cautiously up the yard, 
he suddenly, jumped upon the brush 
and rails, making a tremendous crash, 
fired his gun, and shouted "Surround 
them, brave boys ! we'll have them ! 
Hurrah, brave boys !" The Yorkers 
fled instantly, — thinking, no doubt, 
they were greatly outnumbered. Han- 
ley remained master of the situation 
and guarded the coavs till morning, 

JOHN NEGUS, 

a son of William Negus, went into the 
army at the age of twenty, and served 
through the war. He died in 1810, 
ag^d 60 years. He often related sto- 
ries of hardship and exposure that were 
endured by soldiers of the Revolution. 
Many a time had he lain, in a cold win- 
ter night, on fir-boughs, placed on the 
snow, and slept soundly. 

When they were discharged from ser- 
vice, the government paid no monny ; 
and not being furnished with transpor- 
iation free, as the soldiers were in the 
late war, they were obliged to "foot 



DUMMERSTON. 



119 



it" home and beg their living on the 
way. At one pla( e, where they called 
for food and lodging's, the man told them 
he had nothing but bean-porridge for 
them to eat, if they liked that, he could 
furnish them a supper. "It is just what 
we want" said Negus, "we don't ask for 
anything better." They ate a hearty 
meal, and, before retiring for the night, 
informed their host that they wanted to 
start on their journey before light ; "very 
well," said he, "help yourselves to the 
porridge again before leaving," Avhich 
they did, and went on their way, feeling 
very grateful for their good entertain- 
ment. 

WILLIAM CUMMINGS, 

a Revolutionary pensioner, died April 
30, 1838, in the 77th year of his age. 
The government at first granted pensions 
only to those who were in poor circum- 
stances ; and Mr. Cummings, being in 
much need of assistence, received aid 
from the government for a considerable 
time before the law granting pensions 
to all the soldiers, that served in the 
Revolution, was established. 

He was a man of medium height, 
rather slim yet strong and very athletic. 
At the age of seventy, he was the cham- 
pion wrestler in this town, or as an old 
gentleman expressed it, "No one in 
town could handle him." Of the nu- 
merous s-tories that he told, only one, 
that of his narrow escape from being 
taken prisoner, is remembered. 

During a skirmish with the British, 
our forces were overpowered and sought 
safety in flight. The enemy were anx- 
ious to secure all the prisoners they 
could, and folio Aved our soldiers a long 
distance. Cummings, having run until 
he was quite exhausted, supposed that 
he was clear of the enemy ; but on look- 
ing back, he saw a British soldier 
climbing over the wall not far behind 



him. He quickly raised his gun, fired, 
and the soldier fell from sight. He nev- 
er ascertained whether he was killed or 
only wounded, but was sure that he did 
not capture him. 

BENJAMIN ESTABKOOK, 

one of the early settlers, in this town 
and a soldier, during the first year of 
the Revolution, moved his family here, 
in the spring of 1778. The summer 
previous, he had spent in clearing up a 
piece of land and building a frame house 
on his new farm, which was situated 
in the central part of the town, about 
one-half mile east of Black Mountain. 
He brought with him, from home, four 
panes of glass which were put into the 
new house for windows to furnish what 
light it was necessary to admit. 

On account of bad roads and swollen 
streams without bridges, it occupied one 
week to perform the journey in moving- 
his family and goods from Rutland,. 
Mass., to his new home in the forest, 
distant 60 miles. 

In a few years he had cleared up sev- 
eral acres of woodland, and reserved a 
large lot for wood and timber. During- 
the summer of 1788, his fine wood-lot 
was destroyed by 

THE GREAT HURRICANE. 

When the storm arose, dense black 
clouds rolled up from the north-Avest ; 
the tempest winds roared with fearful 
sounds of gathering power ; lightnings 
flashed vividly through the moist atmos- 
phere ; the thunder deepening and crash- 
ing as if it would rend a world ; then 
came the violent rain and the rushing 
hurrican > with one full blast that swept 
Avhole forests to the ground. No sway- 
ing of trees, back and forth, but one 
continued rush of the mighty wind pros- 
trated every tree in its range for miles 
up the West River valley, and along 
the west side of the high range of hills 



120 



VERMONT HISTORICAL MAGAZINE. 



in the central part of the town. Black 
Mountain was left bare of its vast for- 
est of large trees. Many cattle were 
killed, buildings unroofed, and one lit- 
tk child lost its life. The honse in 
which the parents lived was not consid- 
ered safe ; Mr. Jones, the father, was 
absent from home ; and the mother 
thought best to take her two children 
and go to some other place for better 
protection. She had not gone far from 
the house, when a tree fell and killed 
oneof the children. After the storm, 
some one went in search of her husband 
-and informed him that he had bad news 
to tell. "What is it," said he, "are all 
my family killed ?'' "Not so bad as 
that," replied the man, "bnt your little 
child is dead." 

People were greatly frightened dur- 
ing the tempest, and many went into 
the cellars for fear their houses would 
be blown down. Several men, the next 
day, took their axes and biitcher-knives 
and went over the fields, and killed 
what cattle were living that were injur- 
ed beyond recovery. Mr. Estabrook 
was much surprised at having his wood- 
land cleared up so suddenly, and was 
anxious about his future supply of wood 
and timber. Mr. Negus, a neighbor, 
offered to exc"hange lots and let him 
have an equal number of acres covered 
with woods, which proposition was 
gladly accepted. He lived in town 
many years ; reared a family lof six 
children, and all lived to be over fifty 
years old. 

During the year, 1775, he served 8 
months in the army, and was on duty 
near Boston, Mass. He received no 
pension; for the act, Mar. 18, 1818, 
excluded persons worth over $700. 

In 1781, he was "elected Ensign of 
the 4th Company in the 7th Regiment 
of the Militia of this State." The com- 



mission is in possession of his son, Ben- 
jamin Estabrook, now living in this 
town, and was signed by Thomas Chit- 
tenden, Govenor of Vermont. 

He died May 24, 1834, aged 86 yrs, 
Abigail, his wife, died Aug. 26, 1834, 
aged 82. 

COPY OF EBENEZER BROOKS' DISCHARGE. 

PAPERS — transcribed on the town rec- 
ords in 1791. 

"Ticonderoga Oct. 10th. 1776. 
These certify that Elbenezer Brooks, 
soldier in Captain Hind's Company of 
Col. Reed's Regiment, is rendered un- 
fit, for future service this Campaign, by 
the loss of his right eye, and is hereby 
reccommended for a discharge. 

TO LT. COL. OILMAN of 2d Regt. 

E. GREEN Su -g'n to 2d Regt." 
In consequence of the above certificate 
and averment that the complaint of 
Ebenezer Brooks is not fictitious, I do 
reccommend the said Ebenezer Brooks, 
soldier in Capt. Hind's Company of the 
Regiment under my command ; aged 20 
years, five feet three inches high, light 
hair, blue eyes, light complexion ; be- 
longing to the town of Fullam (now 
Dummerston) as a proper person to be 
discharged froni the army of United 
States of America. 

ISRAEL GILMAN LT. COL. 
To the HONORABLE MAJ. GEN. GATES, 

Commander at Ticonderoga. 
Ebenezer Brooks in Capt. Hind's Com- 
pany Col. Reed's Regt. is for the reason 
above mentioned, discharged from the 
service of the United States of America. 
Given at Head Quarters the — of Oct. 
1776, by the General's command. 
JOHN TRUMBULL Dy. Adjutant General. 

JOEL KNIGHT 

was a private and drummer in the Ver- 
mont militia ; enlisted at the age of 18, 
and was in service near Lake Cham- 
plain. His name was placed on the 
pension roll Sept. 21, 1833, imder the 
act of Congress passed June 7, 1832. 
He died in 1841, aged 79 years. 

He enlisted' in 1780. The following 






J %,^^^ 




6^U<J /l ' 



i/\^<n. 



DUMMERSTON, 



121 



winter, the cold was more intense than They soon afterwards met a termer. 
it had ever before been known to be in i returning from mill with bags of meal. 
f his climate, within the memory of the i Being in a starving condition, they ask- 
ed him for food and he told them they 



.oldest inhabitant. The winter, to this 
day, bears the distinctive epithet of the 
'4iard winter." The army in encamp- 
ment as far south as Morristown. N. 
J., suffered extremely, and often had 
Washington the prospect before him of 
being obliged to disband hLs soldiers. 

In the early part of the winter, Mr. 
Knight with a company of soldiers 
marched over the Green Mountains, 
from Bennington to some town in south- 
eastern Vermont. The snow was "knee- 
deep" and the weather freezing cold. 
They made slow progress, had scanty 
rations, and not finding any habitations 
where they could stop and warm them- 
selves or obtain food, on the journey 
through the forests, theii- provisions, 
having become exhausted, were soon 
weary and suffering from hunger and 
cold. One man finally gave out, refus- 
ed to go farther, and lay down to rest 
and sleep on the snow. The men rous- 
ed him up, annimated his flagging spir- 
its, and coaxed him again to march on 
in the hopes of soon finding relief. With 
much difficulty he travelled a lew miles 
further through the snow, and then 
said it was ot no use, his strength was 
gone and he must stop. His comrades 
were impatient ; their urging and impor- 
tunity did no good, and, at last they 
left him behind, to slumber in his lone- 
ly bed of snow ; but a knowledge of his 
impending fate, that his slumber wovdd 
end in the sleep of death, and feelings 
of regard for their lost companion in 
arms, caused them to return again and 
make him realize his dangerous situa- 
tion ; and this time they used no flatter- 
ing words, but cuffed his ears, kicked 
and rolled him about till his temper was 
roused and a promise given that he 
would march on with the company. 
16 



might have all the meal they could eat. 
They built a fire of dried sticks, bent 
their hats concave, and carried water 
on them to make dough which they bak- 
ed on the coals,- some, meanwhile, eat- 
ing handfuls of dry meal and wet dough 
so impatient were they to wait till the 
bread was baked. 

Having satisfied their craving hun- 
ger with the farmer's generous treat, 
they marched on with renewed vigor 
and firnitrr pace. They had escaped 
starvation for a time, hadsavt'd thc^lifc 
ot one comrade in rescuing him from a 
grave of freezing snow, only to meet 
^vith another still more perilous advent- 
ure, the ci-ossing of West River. The 
river was full of floating anchor-ice ; 
the bottom was icy and slippery, and 
there wjis no means of crossing, other, 
than to ford the stream. The swift run- 
ning water made it a difficult task ; but 
the Green Mountain boys, who had 
braved so many • dangers, were not 
stopped by a stream of water, not waist 
deep. Reversing their guns and stick- 
ing the sharp bayonets into the icy bot- 
tom, as they walked cautiously along, 
they managed to reach the other side 
without accident; but, "after that," 
said Knight, "we had plenty of music 
from our rattling, icy pantaloons, the 
rest of the way, till we reached a house 
in Townshend where we found comfort- 
able quarters for the night, and a good 
fire by which to dry our clothing, and 
the family prepared us a good supper 
of boiled meat and vegetables such as 
we had not enjoyed for many a day." 

ELIJAH BROWN 

was a private in the Massachusetts con- 
tinental line troops. He served in Capt. 



I 



122 



VERMONT HISTOKICAL MAGAZINE. 



James Farnivall's Company, drafted 
from General Warner, s Brigade, as a 
matross, a sort of soldier in the artille- 
ry, in the year 1777. His name was 
placed on the pension roll, July 16, 
1818, under the act of Congress passed 
Mar. 18, 1818 ; was dropped from the 
roll underact passed May 1, 1820, and 
pensioned again under act passed Jime 
7, 1832. He died Oct, 5, 1846, aged 
87 years. 

A little story, illustrative of anny 
life, is still remembered. They had 
been sent out in advance of the army, 
among the skirmishers, previous to a 
battle. The British soon began firing 
briskly ; the bullets flew thick and fast ; 
and the soldiers were ordered to shield 
themselves behind rocks, stumps, or 
anything that afforded protection. Some 
of the men who were over anxious to 
see Avhere the "red coats" were conceal- 
ed, frequently looked out from their 
hiding places. Brown thought that was 
sheer recklessness. He scolded them 
severely for needlessly exposing their 
lives, and told them what the result 
would be. They heeded his warning 
for a time ; but one of the men again 
looked over a stump, when a bullet 
quickly pierced his brain, and he roll- 
ed back on the ground, dead. "There," 
said Brown, "I told you, you would 
get your d — d head shot off." 

JOHN HILL, 

an Englishman, an inhabitant of the 
town nearly 25 years, was a soldier in 
Burgoyne's army, and was taken pris- 
oner in the battle of Bennington in 
1777. The prisoners, for a while, were 
kept in a stockade guarded by soldiers, 
in a town not far south of the battle- 
field. Hill with 12 others managed to 
escape one night, and was not exchang 
ed with the rest who were afterwards 
sent to Boston for that purpose. 

Several years before his death, he 



was obliged to call on the town for sup- 
port. Mr. John Miller was selectman 
at the time, and said to him, when ask- 
ed for assistance, 'Hill, you're a Brit- 
ish soldier. You fought against this 
country and would now take my heart's 
blood, if you had a chance to do it. I 
will not give you one cent." "Mr. Mill- 
er, you are mistaken," replied Hill, with 
a look of disappointment. "I never 
entered the British service willingly. I 
was pressed into it, and got away the 
first chance I had. When I was in Eng- 
land, we were at a dance one night 
and on a sudden, the officers rushed in- 
to the room and shouted, 'Soldiers, to 
your arms ! and hurried us to the ves- 
sels. Where we were going, and what 
for, I never knew until we landed at 
Quebec. So quickly were we hurried 
off that I left m\ girl standing on the 
floor,- and she may be there now for 
aught I know." Mr. Miller was satis- 
fied that the man was sincere ; and he 
was supported by the town, during the 
remaining years of his life. 

JACOB LAUGHTON, 

born in 1760; enlisted from Concord^ 
N. H., as a private and drummer in the 
continental line troops, and remained 3 
years in service. His name was placed 
on the pension roll, Nov. 24, 1818. He 
lived in this town several years, where 
he has relatives now living. On train- 
ing days, he was sometimes employed 
as drumiBer for the occasion, and being 
somewhat deaf, it was necessary that 
the fifer should march quite close to him, 
so that "deaf Jake," as he was often 
called, could hear the tune, (see pages 
58-59) He removed to Oneida county 
N. Y., where he died in 1860, aged 100 
years. 

JOHN MILLER, 

son of Isaac Miller, [see page 43] en- 
listed from Worcester, and was in ser- 
vice in the State of New Jersey. About 



DUMMEESTON, 



123 



1000 Hessiaus were captured at the bat- 
tle of Trenton, and lie was one of the 
soldiers that guarded the prisoners, dur- 
ing the winter of 1776 '77. Among 
the prisoners was a little di'iunmer boj 
iibout twelve years of age, whose smil- 
ing face, sprightly manner and evident 
appearance of contentment, attracted 
the notice of the soldiers. When taken 
prisoner, all the food he had with him, 
was a small piece of raw pork in a lit- 
tle bag strapped to his shoulder. All 
the rest of his companions bore sad coun- 
tenances, were low spirited and seldom 
engaged in conversation. The soldiers 
asked him why he could be so happy 
when among strangers, and far away 
from his home. ""O," said he, "father 
and mother are not far behind,"- mean- 
ing, probably, that they were already on 
their way to this country to make it 
their home. 

Mr. Miller married Mary Davenport, 
dau. of Charles Davenport, one of tne 
first settlers, [see page 35] He died 
Dec. 19, 1834, aged 78 years. 

JOSEPH MILLER, 

who died in 1814, aged 63, entered the 
army at the beginning of the Revolution 
in 1775, and served till the close of the 
war in 1782. He assisted his father, 
Isaac Miller, in the survey of roads in 
this town. After peace was declared, 
he returned to Dummerston, where he 
made it his home whenever he was out 
of employment. He was never mar- 
ried, and spent a large share jf his time 
in travelling about the country. For a 
few years, he was out in the Western 
territory, now Ohio, surveying land. 
He was in New Orleans, La., in 1792, 
and received a passport from the Span- 
ish authorities, which is now in posses- 
sion of a relative, in this town. It is 
8x12 inches ; dated June 19, 1792 ; 
printed, and part written, in the Span- 



ish language, and signed by '^The Bar- 
on of Carondelet, Defender of (he Relig- 
ion of S. Juan, Colonel of the Real 
Armies. Govenor, '•'lutendete general," 
Vice-Patron of the provinces of Louis- 
iana, Florida occidental, and Inspector 
of their troops. 

When he was residing in this town, 
his brother, Hosea, built a new barn ou 
his farm. At the raisi'jg, it was dis- 
covered, before the frame was all up, 
that there would not be rum enough t« 
go round. People drank spirits m those 
days ; even the minister sipped the cup 
that Bacchus crowned ; therefore, it was 
decided, with no reproachful feeling of 
conscience, that Joseph Miller should 
go to Putney a distance of 4 miles, for 
more rum. He was soon on his way 
with orders to "whip up the horse and 
go quick " Having purchased the liq- 
uor and tested its quality, he sat down 
quietly te enjoy its ellects and forgot to 
return home lill next day. Of course 
the raising was over and the men 
gone. His brother was n.Jt pleased with 
such management, and told him plainly 
what he thought about his being absent 
so long. He bore it patiently for a 
while, but, at length, getting restless un- 
der the keen reproofs, he spoke out 
sharply, "Do you think a man can go 
to Putney and back in a minute?" 

AnotheT story is told about his pre- 
venting on one occasion. Rev. Mr. Far- 
rar, the first settled minister, from get- 
ting a flogging. MosesJoy an old sea cap- 
tain, a rough, quick-tempered, savage 
old fellow, who cursed and swore about 
everything as sailors are notoriously 
capable of doing, not a sentence 
caping his lips without bein^ 
with profanity, was not on friendly terms 
with Mr. Farrar and did not reverence 
his profession, and, because he was 
lame, called him the three-legged min- 



es- 
tainted 



r24 



VERMONT HISTORICAL MAGAZINE 



ister. He was oue day goiug to the Hol- 
low for a load of boards, and when 
passing Mr. Farrar's house, on his way 
to the mill, he swore terribly at his 
team. He cursed the bad roads, and 
in some way managed to roll out a 
string of frightful oaths all the time he 
was within sight of the minister's resi- 
dence. 

Mr. Farrar resented the insult, and 
to punish his aggressor "felled" a tree 
across the road while he was absent at 
the mill. When the captain returned, 
the passage was effectually blocked up. 
Not knowing for a certainty who had 
cut down the tree, he went back to Mil- 
ler's and made enquiry. He was in- 
formed that Mr. Farrar had felled the 
tree, but not that it was done intention- 
ally. 

Joy, full of rage, swore he would 
make Mr. Farrar cut that tree away 
from the road or he would thrash him 
soundly. 

Miller knew the old sea-dog's temper 
and nature too well to allow him the 
management of the affair alone, and so 
said he would take an axe and cut the 
tree away, and that the Captain had 
better not have any trouble with the 
minister. 

Joy was so greatly enraged, he could 
not rest easy while Miller was cutting 
the tree, and went straight into the par- 
sonage, took Mr. Farrar by the collar 
and led him out to the tree, and, said 
Joy, "I made that infernal rhree-legged 
old cuss jump back a.id forth over that 
log till Joe Miller got it cut off." 

DANIEL LESTER, 

an Englishman, deserted the British 
and, under an assumed name, joined the 
American army. He was in several 
important battles of the Revolution, and 
in one engagement was severely v,^ound- 
ed and left for dead, on the battle-field. 



He revived sufficiently during the fol- 
lowing night, to crawl away from the 
field of carnage*and avoid capture by 
the British and death for desertion. He 
was a resident of this town many years. 
"When the pension act was passed by 
Congress, Mar- 18, 1818, he applied for 
a pension ; but the destruction of the pa- 
pers of the War Office in 1801, and '14, 
lefl: no record of his service, and he 
had no friend that could prove his iden- 
tity and enlistment. 

ARAU HOLTON 

was a private in the Vermont militia 
and received a pension for services in 
the Revolutionary war. His name was 
inscribed on the pension roll Aug. 15,, 
1833, under act passed June 7, 1832, 
He died Oct. 8, 1841, aged 89 years. 
He was one of the first settlers in town. 
In person, he was tall and commanding 
wore a broad-biimmed lat , in summei 
a white liiicn fr'.ck, rutiniiig down tc 
his boots and spurs, mb hair tied back 
in a cue wound with eel-skin, and a tio 
trumpet belted to his side, which he 
sounded loud and long, when he travel- 
led through villages and towns, as a far- 
rier, in this and neighboring states 

Rev. Hosea Beckley and wife once 
visited the family by invitation of Mrs. 
Holton and were treated hospitably. 
At the supper table, without waiting for 
the customary blessing to be asked or 
requesting it done, he took his seat with 
his head covered and persisted to wear 
his low crowned rimmer, his mortified 
wife reminded him of the impropriety, 
but the only answer or relief obtained 
by her was, "Madam, my hat is paid 
for." 

REV. JOSEPH FARRAR, 

son of George Farrar, born in Lincoln, 
Mass., June 30, 1744; graduated at 
Harvard University, 176 7. After preach- 
ing 12 sabbaths in Dublin, N. H., as a 



DUMMERSTON. 



125 



candidate for spttlement ; received a call 
fromStowe, Oct. 17, 1771 ; was ordain- 
ed pastor of the Congregational church 
June 10, 1775, the same day on which 
the church was organized. His useful- 
ness became impaired by disease, and 
still more by morbid fancies in which he 
indulged, and so much dissatisfaction 
arose that a council was called to inves- 
tigate the matter. The council advis- 



gard to his wood, we find Mr. Farrar 
to be mistaken, as there is no record to 
be found setting forth any length of 
wood whatever. With regard to the 
second complaint, Mr. Farrar declined 
calling the names of any persons that 
asked more for any articles than was 
agreed for in the settlement. With re- 
gard to the complaint of his being dis- 
tracted, he says he was informed of it 
; by two persons whose names he men- 
; tioned, viz., : Lieut. Daniel Gates and 



ed that he should be suspended from the { Mr. Lemuel Davenport. They inforra- 
ministry .for 6 months, and that, if his | ^^^ him the people had got such a notion ; 

and with regard to the cruelty or bar- 
barity he is afflicted with, or complains 
of, he lays to the charge of the female 
sex, that they gave him Spanish flies 
and love powder, with other things not 
by him mentioned, which he says is 
the main cause of his asking a dismis- 
sion ; and with regard to the scanty 
measure, he says that he received some 
grain of one or two persons, that was 
so damp that when it was dried, it fell 
short four quarts in one bushel and a 
half; and further, the Rev. Mr. Farrar 
still insists on being dismissed." 

AMOS RICE FOR COMMITTEE. 

Mr. Farrar was dismissed May 12, 
1784, and for nearly 30 years after leav- 
ing this town, nothing is known of him. 
[see Church History, page 85.] He 
was a faithful minister, and a man of 
more than ordinary ability, but eccen- 
tric to a degree sometimes bordering up- 
on absolute insanity. He was almost 
the only minister in the State who was 
known to be a Democrat of the old 
school." 



health was not then restored, he should 
ask a dismission. He was dismissed 
June 7, 1776, and became a Chaplain 
in the Revolutionary army. "(P. H. W. 
in the Vermont Record.)" 

TOWN MEETING ABOUT THE MINISTER. 

At a town meeting legally warned 
and held Dec. 10, 1783, the town took 
into consideration the request of Mr. 
Farrar relative to his being dismissed 
from his pastoral relation to the church 
and congregation and 

"voted to dismiss the second article 
in the notification, which was to see if 
the town would give the Rev, Mr. Far- 
rar a dismission or give him liberty to 
be absejit two or three months for the 
recovery of his health." 

Voted to choose a committee to hold 
a conference with Mr. Farrar and make 
a report at the annual meeting in ]Mareh 
next. Accordingly chose Deacon Amos 
Rice, Deacon Nathaniel Holmes, and 
Alexander Kathan, Esq. for said com- 
mittee." 

"Mar. 15, 178-1. A true copy of the 
report of the committee chosen in Dec. 
1783, to confer with the Rev. Mr. Far- 
rar relative to his uneasiness. We, 
your committee appointed to hold a con- 
ference with the Rev. Mr. Farrar, on 
his letter dated November '2Q, 1783, 
and on his supplement to said letter da- 
ted Dec. 9, 1783, beg leave to report 
that on the 12th of December did begin 
said conference ; and from time to time 
have discoursed with him, and received 
the following answers. First with re- 



LIEUT. JOHN WYMAN. 

(See biographical sketcli page 54.) In 
1772, was a citizen of Boston, when an 
important measure was adopted by an 
assembly of its inhabitants to appoint 
committees of correspondence and inqui- 
ry for the purpose of ascertaining the 
sentiments and confidential opinions of 
prominent persons living in other parts 
of the country, on all afiairs of mutual 
interest. During these movements, a 



126 



VERMONT HISTORICAL MAGAZINE. 



plan was devised by the British Parlia- 
ment to introduce tea into the colonies ; 
but the Americans would not pay the 
small duty upon it, of only three pence. 

Several cargoes of tea arrived at Bos- 
ton. The captain of a vessel was de-- 
spatched to the Govenor to request a 
passport, but he refused to grant it aud 
a secret plan was formed to destroy the 
tea. Three different parties, Lieut. John 
Wynien being one of the men, sallied 
out, in the costume of Mohawk Indians, 
precipitately made their way to the 
wharves, and without noise and with- 
out tumult, the tea was taken from the 
vessels by the conspirators, and speed- 
ily emptied into the sea as an offering 
to the watery god. 

He was in the engagement at Bunker 
Hill, June 17, 1775, where 3000 Brit- 
ish under the command of General Howe 
were twice repulsed by the Americans ; 
till their ammunition failed, and on the 
third charge of the British, they were 
obliged to retire. Having served as a 
private in the early part of the war, he 
was soon afterwards pi-omoted Lieuten- 
ant, for meritorious conduct in several 
battles, and was in service with the 
Rhode Island troops, during the last 
part of the Revolution. 

When living in this town, during the 
troublesome times with the "Yorkers," 
he was very active in maintaining the 
rights of inhabitants to claims of land 
purchased from the Govenor of New 
Hampshire. The government of New 
York declared the titles of the land-grants 
good for nothing, and required the oc- 
cupants to purchase the lands a second 
time. Many refused to do this ; their 
lands were sold to other persons ; 
and the holders were sued and order- 
ed to leave. They would not do it ; 
and roughly handled the sheriffs and 
others, who attempted to force them 
away. The people at length became so 



enraged that they would not allow any 
person who symj^thized with the York- 
ers to remain at liberty, but arrested all 
such persons and put them in jail at West- 
minster. Colonel Church, who lived 
in the edge of Brattleboro on the West 
river road was a "Yorker" in political 
sentiment, and to punish him for enter- 
taining such provocative opinions, the 
"committee of safety" were determined 
to "jug him." Lieut. Wyman and 
Charles Davenport were the leaders of 
the party that proceeded to *he house of 
the Colonel for the purpose of taking 
him prisoner. On their arrival, Wy- 
man knocked loudly for admittance ; 
but no one answered the call, and the 
door was found to be securely fastened. 
He shook, pounded and kicked at the 
door making a tremendous noise, when 
it opened suddenly and a dish of hot 
porridge was thrown into his face. This 
unexpected calamity did not hinder the 
proceedings, — the men rushed in and 
searched the house thoroughly but could 
find nothing of the Colonel inside the 
building. Mr. Davenport in the mean 
time had searched the barn and sheds ; 
but not finding him there ; looked around 
the outside of the house. He soon 
found a small opening through the un- 
derpinning and crawled in to reconnoi- 
tre the grounds. It was a difficult pas- 
sage ; but he pushed on through the 
gloomy labyrinth of cobwebs till at last 
he spied the Colonel snugly tucked away 
in the remotest corner. Fearing he 
might have a gun with him, he venture- 
ed no farther, but crawled back, went 
into the house and, going directly over 
the place, he jumped violently on the 
floor, "There !" said he, "the Colonel 
is right under here." All rushed to the 
hole, and Davenport again crawled 
through, and crept cautiously towards 
him till he was satisfied he had no gun 
then venturing quite near said, "Come. 



DUMMERSTON 



127 



Colonel Church, come out, don't lie 
there like a hog, come — come out," 
He was finally persuaded, and came out. 
The party immediately started with him 
towards Westminster. Just as they 
were going out of sight, the Colonel's 
boys, who were hid behind the hill, fir- 
ed a parting shot into the company ; but 
uo one was injured, and the Colonel 
was safely lodge in jail. 

JOSHUA WILDER 

was employed by a Commissary in the 
Revolutionary war, and volunteered, 
with several laborers in the department, 
to perform guard duty and relieve a 
company of soldiers, who had been de- 
tached for that purpose, but whose ses- 
vice was then much needed in the army. 
He performed the duty 3 years, and 
for that service the government granted 
him a pension in 1833. Mr. Wilder 
moved into town in 1795, bringing with 
him a family of 9 children. He occu- 
pied a house, or rather a frame with 
<me room loosely boarded up, the cracks 
left between the boards, being "wide 
enough to stick your fingers though ; 
and the cellar contained millions of 
fleas." The room was soon made com- 
fortable and in a few days, a new com- 
er increased the family of children one. 
In the summer of 1848, Mr. Wil- 
der, being then in his 87th. year, con- 
cluded to have a family "mowing bee." 
On the day appointed, all things being 
n readiness, they commenced mowing 
in the following order: Father, son, 
grandson , and great grandson ; namely 
Joshua Wilder, Dan Wilder, Leroy 
Wilder, and Wallace Wilder ; four gen- 
erations ; and there was a boy fo the 
5th generation, not present, large enough 
to spread the swaths. One of the spec- 
tators remarked, that the old man stood 
up the straightest of the lot. Only a 
fortnight before his death, he was smart 



enough to spring from the ground into a 
saddle oq the back of a horse, and rode 
several miles. He died Mar. 4, 1849, 
aged 89 years 10 months. 

JOSIAH DODGE 

was a private in the 13th Regiment of 
infantry, and died in the service Feb. 9, 
1815. His heirs obtained a pension 
under act of Congress, passed April 1 , 

1816. 

REVOLUTIONARY PENSIONERS 

belonging to this town, on the pension 
list under act, passed Mar. 14, 1818 : 

Joshua Bemis ; John Burnham, died 
Dec. 25, 1829, aged 81 ; Elijah Gibbs, 
died 1838, aged 90 ; Seth Hudson, died 
Nov. 28, 1828, aged 76; Josiah Kel- 
ogg, Elkanah Prentice ; 

Isaac Taylor, tranferred from War- 
ren Co. N. Y., Mar. 4, 1823, died Feb. 
27, 1828, aged 77. 

Names inscribed hnder act, June 7, 
1823. 

Nathan Adams, died June 5, 1835 
Elijah Buck ; David Bennett ; Joseph 
Bemis, died August 16, 1837, aged 79 ; 
James Chase, John Goold ; Asa Dut- 
ton, died Feb. 11, 1836, aged 7g ; 
Jonathan Huntley ; Benjamin Pierce ; 
Calvin Munn, pensioned first under act, 
March 18, 1818, relinquished for ben- 
efit of act June 7, 1832 ; Joseph Gil- 
bert and Stewart Black were pension- 
ers, but were not paid at the agency in 
Burlington. 

DANIEL KATHAN, 

one of the first settlers, was appointed 
"First Lieutenant of Captain Allen'.-* 
Company of Militia in the Connty of 
Cumberland, in the Regiment whereof 
Eleazer Patterson Esq.. is Colonel." 
His commission was dated Aug. 18, 
1778, and signed by Geo. Clinton, Gov- 
ernor of New York. It is now in posses- 
sion of Joel Knightof this town. Itis val- 
uable as a curious and ancient document. 



128 



VERMONT HISTORICAL MAGAZINE. 



THE SCARE. 

[ Another version of the old story, page 
115, or another alarm. ] 

Soon after the clo-e of the Revolu- 
tionary war, some men were surveying 
land near Lieut. Spauldiug's house, one 
day, about noon, when they heard the 
Indian war-whoop on the distant hills 
in a northwesterly direction and sup- 
posed that Indians were approaching. 
The neighbors of Lt. Spaulding, also, 
heard the alarming sound and hastened 
to his house for consultation in regard 
to making preparations for defence. As 
he had served in the French and Indian 
war, his neighbors thought best to choose 
him to reconnoirter the situation, and 
ascertain, if possible, the number and 
whereabouts of the enemy. He was 
soon equipped and mounted on the old 
black horse, which he rode in the Rev- 
olution, hastened on his mission. 

During his absence, the people were 
so much alarmed that all the men, wo- 
men, and children took refuge in a log 
building, suited in some respects for a 
place of defence, and located in the val- 
ley east of Spaulding's house. Provis- 
ions, clothing, household utensils, val- 
uables and keepsakes, which the chil- 
dren could well carry, were removed to 
the extemporized fort ; Pewter plates 
and basins were brought to be run into 
bullets. Those persons, who had no 
guns, were armed with clubs and stones, 
and all was in readiness for the emer- 
gency . 

Just at sundown, a gun and two pistol 
shots were heard at Spaulding's house, 
a signal of his safe return. No trace of 
Indians was found. It was ascertained 
that, probably, some hunters in the 
vicinity had given the false alarm and 
sounded the Indian war-whoop contrary 
to the laws of those times. This tlews 



relieved the fears of the inhabitants, and 
the little warlike company disbanded 
their forces and returned to the peaceful 
occupation of farming again. 

A REVOLUTIONARY RELIC. 

We have seen an old "Gin-Case" 
that was once the property of an officer 
who was one of the number on board 
the vessel from which the tea was 
thrown into Boston harbor in 1773. It 
was taken from the vessel by one of the 
party of Americans who, dressed in the 
costume of Mohawk Indians, went on 
board and destroyed the tea. The gin- 
case and its contents became the heir- 
loom of a Massachusetts family of 
wealth, and was handed down from its 
original possessor to son and grandson 
who died in Westfield of that state, a 
few years ago, and at his decease it be- 
came the property of a person who now 
resides in Dummerston. In form and 
size it is like a small trunk. Only for 
the name " gin-case", we should call it 
a trunk. Everything about it indicates 
the age of a century. The red velvet 
lining is much faded. The lock is not 
like any of American manufacture. 
The inside of the gin-case has several 
partitions each holding a square corner 
ed bottle striped with gilt. The bottles 
contain several kinds of liquor affirmed 
to be the same that was in them when 
the ease was taken from the British ves- 
sel in 1773. There were in the case 
two glass goblets and a little taster-glass 
that was made in the style of a hundred 
years ago. One of our friends has a 
similar glass-goblet that has been in the 
family service more than a hundred 
years. We were informed that $500 
was once offered for this old gin-case, 
and refused. The people have not been 
as careful to preserve old relics as it is 
now wished. 




CAPT. ISAAC MILLER. 



From a pen and ink sketch from life. 



DUMMER.STOIS, 



1:>9 



MILLER FAMILY. 

\_GontinuedJrom page 31.] 
Contributed By 

jmajor charles dana miller 
of newark ohio, 

Capt, Iscaac Miller, the fifth son of the 
Isaac Milkr who settled hi Dmiinitrs- 
*ion ; after be had moved to the West, 
and about the years, 1811. to 1815, 
wrc'te a history of his father's family, 
giving a detailed account of the lives of 
<each member of the family. The fol- 
lowing history of Isaac Miller, who set- 
tled in Dummerston, is taken verbatim. 
from the old manuscript, written by 
•Capt. Isaac Miller, Jr. 

''A copy of the record oi' Isaac Mil- 
ler, who died in Dumnierston in Ver- 
mont June 18, A. D. 1787, aged 79 
years, 5 months and 18 days, and his 
wife. Sarah, who died Oct. 11, 1797, 
aged, 97 years, 9 months and 11 days. 

Few parents have a greater offspring. 
They had 12 children ; all lived to have 
families ; ten of them not small families. 

This by his son, Isaac, now at Wil- 
link, Erie County, New York, August, 
18th. — ( Another date on the manu- 
script is May 24, 1814.) 

Isaac Miller was born on Saturday. 
May, 7th, 1708, at Concord in Massa- 
chusetts and died in Dunuuerston in 
Vermont June. 18th, 1787: where he 
had moved with his family in 1770, 
at the time of the massacre in Boston. 

No woman can botist of a more hav- 
ing and tender husband than my mother 
can ; and no children of a more affect- 
ionate lather than can his. 

His grandfather came from Scotland 
and was a baker in Charleston near 
Boston where he lived and died. My 
mother was born in Worcester, Mass- 
achusetts, was daughter of Joseph Cros- 
by of Worcester. They were married ! 
July 12,1 739 . She was bom May 5th, I 
1719, [ We omit date of Mrs, Miller's 
death, 2dly, here.— Ed.] | 

17 



j She lived and died a Presiiyterian. 
I A better house wife and amoreperserv- 
I ing motJier, children don't often have to 
j educate them. They had to wade through 
I all troubles tlmt attend giving a good 
education to so large a family under 
Kingly Government. Notwithstanding 
they accomplished it to a considerable 
degree. 

Neither my Father nor my Mother 
did not give over tlie care they had so 
long endured in bringing up the family 
that was committed to their charge, bul 
extended it to their grandchildren. In- 
deed, there was liOthing that put an end 
to their usefulness to those that came 
after them but de^ith ; and if they had 
followed tlieir counsels it would have 
been m.uch better for tlieiu. 

For my own pai't I must say that the 
greatest part of the evils tliat ever befell 
me came fromdisobediance to them, and 
leaves the most lasting repentance ; but 
the poignant guilt says they are gone, 
and it is not in my power now to hum- 
ble myself before them and as I would 
give much for an opportunity to do. 
But I was choleric and addicted to 
pleasure and disobedience. 

It is my oppinion had my Father been 
brought up where there had been Quak- 
ers he would have been one of that 
denomination. 

His neighborly conduct among his 
accquaintance and always enjoining it 
on his cliildren. ah^ays to do as they 
would be done to. He was always un- 
willing to acknowledge any iis his Su- 
perior by any flattery or bows, which 
always to him appeared unnecessary. 
He was scrupulous in taking away the 
life of any creature to support our own 
life. He was a great Iriend to Repub- 
licaii government, and in this ditl'ered 
from the Quakers. He \vas Avilliug hi? 
sons should be soldiers and officers in 
the Revolutionary war that seperated 
America from Great Britain ; and ever 
was as long as he retained his reason a 
good Republican and friend to his coun- 
try, and was greatly beloved therefor by 
his acquaintance, and had the satisfac- 
tion to know that all his sons in that 
particular were obedient to a punctillio. 
His age lessened his usefulness in that 



1 3a 



VERMOXT HISTORICAL MAGAZINE. 



war but we all supposed that our pros- 
perity iu that war lengthened his days. 
He lost an interest in Worcester by 
adhering strictly to his political princi- 
ples, but regained a good one in I>um.- 
merston, not only for himself but for all 
his sons, which he lived to enjoy many 
years, and many of the inhabitants have 
to thank him for their interest, as he 
settled that town by a contract he made 
with the proprietars thereof, in which 
it was agreed that he should build a 
meeting-house, settle a Minister ami 
bring 50 settlere and continue the settle- 
ment for 5000 acres, which he per- 
formed r but soon after his death the 
settlers began quiin-eling which lasts to 
this day and has been the means of re- 
ducing many of them to poverty. And 
what is stranger than all the rest is that 
notwithstanding all the care he took not 
to have any that were friendly to Kingly 
or Bi-itish Government as settlers ; at 
this day more than one half of the town 
are in the interests of Great Britain. 

In 1763, when I was 11 years old. 
Father was ruined by the Tories in 
Worcester, Mass., and some in New 
Hampshire in manner following. He 
and others got a grant of the town of 
Walpole in New Hampshire for 1440 
Dollars. Certain duties were to be per- 
formed in three years after the circum- 
stances if the then French war would 
permit. 

The same town was petitioned for by 
Gen. Bellows's Father who represent 
ed it to that General Court that the 
conditio'ns of the former charter was 
not comph ed with according to the ten- 
or thereof, prayed that it might be re- 
granted to him : and the Gen. court of 
that then Province being much in favor 
of Kingly Government and hearing of 
the political principles of iny Father 
were opposite, and they willing to get 
another fee of 1440 Dollors, gave it to 
Bellows -y which circumstance of wick- 
edness and fraud with many others, I 
have to accuse the British government 
with ; and hope that all the prosterity 
of Father will fight them both by sea 
and land till they have obtained a com- 
pensation for that fine town and all the 
other property they have robbed the 



Americans of. His property all to ai 
trifle was sold at^ vendiie ; and I with 
most of the family that were able to 
earn our living were put to such places* 
where we could be well d^ealt with and 
educated." 

It will be seen by the above that my 
.•rathority, for the statement that Isaac; 
Miller owned and lost an interest in the? 
town of Walpole, N. H., in the original 
manuscript (which I have seen and 
cjppied) written by his son Capt. Isaac- 
Miller about the time of the war of 
1812. Capt. Isaac Miller would cer- 
tainly know of the financial misfortunes 
of his father as he states that be was 
then 1 1 years old and he with others of 
the family had to be put out to service 
owing to the impoverishment of his 
Father. It certainly did not refer to the 
trouble in the title of the Dummerston 
lands, for that occurred years afterward, 

Capt. Isaac Miller does not state that 
the grant of Walpole was made in 1763, 
but that was the date the court decided 
against his Father's claim. It may 
have been granted as early as 1753, as 
it was then the French war commenced, 
and the settlement was contingent upon 
circumstances connected with said war. 
The war lasted until about 1763. I do 
not know the authority, in the history 
of Walpole, on which is based the state- 
ment that John Kilburn purchased the 
township and was a settler there in? 
1749, but it seems to conflict with strong^ 
evidence from other sources ; and yet, 
he mig-ht have been a settler there in 
1749, but not a purchaser until later ;: 
and he may have been a Joint partner 
with Miller, as Miller says that "he 
and others were granted, etc." This 
last suggestion may account for the trou- 
ble with Bellows as both sides spoke of 
a contention with Bellows. 

As that part of the history written by 
Capt. Isaac Miller which part aims to 



DLMMERSTvJX. 



131 



those of the family who resided at Dum- 
mei'stou properly belongs to n history of 
the town I will give jou extracts from 
.the manvLSci-ipt. • He stiites that 
€APT. vespasia:s' miller, 
ihe oldest son, went into the French war 
in 1759, and afterwards became master 
of a vessel at Boston and followed the 
sea until 1775, when he came to Diun- 
merston. His Father ^ave him 100 
acres of land and in 177<S, he moved his 
family upon it. He <lied in Dunmiers- 
tou, July 6, 1812. [See page 50.] 

HosEA, the second son, was given by 
his Father the best lot in Dimimerston, 
where he lived until he died May 7, 
1796. He had collected the most prop- 
>erty during his life of any of tlie settlers. 

TiLLOTSOX, the third son, did not 
come to Dummerston until about 1779, 
at which time there w^as a meeting held 
by the brothers, at the request of the 
Father, to nominate one of their num- 
ber to take care of the old people dur- 
ing their declining days. Tillotson was 
selected, and Hosea went his security, 
but he carried out his trust so badly that 
the brothers deposed him and placed the 
joungest, William, in charge about the 
year 1785. He left Dummerston soon 
after this and never returned to stay. 
He died in New York State in 18G4. 

Patience, the thir-d daughter, came 
to Dummerston with her Father, and 
soon after married Dr. Thomas Ams- 
den, of Petersham, Mass. by whom she 
had 13 childi-eu, (another record says 
twelve) She lived out of the town, 
however, during her husband's life ; but 
about the year 1814, she was living at 
Dummerston with her daughter, Patty. 
She died Jan. 22, 1822, at Chesterfield. 

Joseph, the fourth son, went to sea 
with his brother Vespasian in 1764, 
when he was 'only 13 years old. He 



went to Dummerston with his Father 
in 1 770, He went to sea again in 1 773. 
for his health, and continued in that lift 
untill 775. 

The Revolution at this time was break- 
ing out over the laud and Joseph joined 
the Patiiot forces and continued through 
until the end of the war. He won the 
confidence of Gen. Washington and 
with it the rank of Brigade 3Iajor. 
Soon after the close of the war, he went 
on a whaling voyage to South America, 
In 17i)0,he went to Ohio and took land 
neaj' Marietta, but gave it up and re- 
turned to Dumerston in 1794. He went 
to New York State a few ye^irs after 
where he remained until he died at 
Genoa, Sept. 26, 1814. 

Capt. Isaac Miller, 
the fifth son sa;y's of himself, among 
other things : 

" In the same year 1767 m Sept. 1 
went to Dummerston, now in Vermont, 
by Father's order, where 1 saw and 
went through several scenes that were 
of consequence to none but myself." 

"Father met with many troubles and 
disappointments in getting the town of 
Dummerston settled with such settlers, 
and on such conditions as were stipu- 
lated betAveen him and the proprietors." 
" In 176^ I continued there nearly eight 
months and part of the time alone, aud 
suffered much many ways ; hard labor, 
hunger, some sickness, gnats, mosqui- 
toes and fleas in abundance." ''I finally 
left the place in Nov, much against 
Father's will, but as we had sold all we 
could, I was so desirous to get to ^^"or- 
cester and eat apples and milk, and 
drink cider, it was impossible to keep 
me longer; aud in March 1770 at the 
time of the massacre by the British io 
Boston we moved to Dummerston." "I 
underwent much in that journey, and 
had it been undertaken by persons less 
persevering than brother Joseph and I 
were, we should have failed at last ; 
but having the assistance of brothers 
Negus and Wheeler (after we arrived 
at Petersham) we got through." 



132 



VERMONT HISTORICAL MAGAZINE, 



'•' The sunrnier that followed was a 
severe one to me as well as the rest ot 
the fanily."" " I had to work for Daniel 
Kathern where I fared hard and work- 
ed hard ;. bnt blessed be God ! I had my 
health and id the fall I went to Peters- 
ham." 

''In 1771, I retnrned in March to 
Diimnierston where brother Joseph and 
I nmde a lai'g:e quantity of sugar." 

' ' It was this year that the title of 
our land was like to fall .through or be- 
come Toid." " It was firstly purchased 
of the Indians by Massachusetts ; sold 
by them at vendue to the then proprie- 
tor, or their ancestor ; granted to them 
(by their prayer) by New Hampshire ; 
and now was ceded by the King's Proc- 
lanjcation to New York ; and they 
granted it to Willard, Kathern and 
others, and they unwilling the occupants 
should have any ', as they knew they 
were unwilling as well as unable to pay 
the exorbitant price they demanded ' ' 
" Many persons quit that had done but 
little labor," 

Capt. Isaac Miller left Dummerston 
in 1772 for Massachusetts. 
He had considerable military knowledge 
and kept a military school just before 
the war. In April 1775, he went into 
the army at Cambridge. In May, 

he returned home and married Lucretia 
Knapp. After settling his property 
affairs he returned to the army and 
joined his command the day after Bunker 
Hill battle. 

On the 9th of November, he was in 
the Leachmore's Point battle where he 
received a wound which was considered 
slight at the time, but in after life crip- 
pled him very much. 

At the end of the campaign of 1775, 
and in Oct. 1776, he moved his wife to 
Dummerston, where he had purchased 
a farm with the proceeds of the sale of 
one in Massachusetts. At one time he 
was one of the proprietors and clerk of 
a grant of the Township of Jamiaca, Vt 



Capt. Isaac Miller left Dummerstonj 
for the west in 1795 ; first going to New- 
York State, then to Ashtabula County 
Ohio, where he died Feb. 14th, 1826. 

Marshal!., the sixth__son, was- born in 
Worcester, Mass.., Sept. 20, 1754, (one 
record says Sept. 4th.) He also came 
to Dummerston in 1770, with his Father, 
He was in the war in 1775, and in a 
few years after mari'ied Mrs. Abigial 
Boyden. They acquired a large prop- 
erty and gave two of their sons a lib- 
eral education. 

THE HISTORT OF THE MILLER FAMILY 
RESUMED BY MR. MANSFIELD, 

EPITAPH 

At Dummerston, 
" Here lies the remains of 
Marshall Ifiller, 
TJie Husband^ Hie Parent, &. 
The Friend. 

He exercised virtues, in this age^ 
sufficient to have distingmshed him 
in the hest. 
Kind &. te^ider by Nature, 
Industrious hy Hahit., 
Professing Religion ; 
He departed this life, June 
10th. 1807. 

Aged 53 years. 
He died at Saratoga in the 
State of N. York. 
His death ivas occasioned hy jumping 
from a Window in the 5th. story of a 
House which was on fire."' 

MAJOR WILLIAM MILLER. 

Was the youngest of 12 children. His 
father, Isaac Miller, was one of the first 
settlers in Dummerston ; and from his 
prudent deportment in life, obtained the 
confidence of all who knew him. He 
was a very worthy and respectable citi- 
zen ; a man of ability, probity and sin 




^c^.^^^X^S-^^ 



DUMMERSTON. 



133 



cerity, by which he became introduced 
to public characters, and frequently pro- 
moted to places of public trust. He 
was for a long season an agent for the 
original proprietors of the town of Dum- 
merston, and as such conducted himself 
with promptitude and fidelity. After 
his age had rendered him incapable of 
performing public services, he retired to 
more private concerns. At length his 
bodily infirmity increased to that degree, 
that he was utterly unable to attend to 
the ordinary concerns of life, and he 
finally surrendered them together with 
a considerable estate, to his son, the 
Major, with whom he lived, and by 
whom he was kindly supported through 
the residue of his days, l-^iarly in life, 
removing into this new country. Major 
Miller, by the fatigues and hardships 
incident to new settlers, contracted liab- 
its of prudence, frugality, sobriety, and 
courage ; And in the late unhappy con- 
test, for liberty and independence, be- 
tween the United States and Great 
Britain, in which the State of Vermont, 
from its exposed situation, was obliged 
to take a vigorous and conspicuous part, 
the Major while very young voluntarily 
engaged in several expeditions to the 
northward and westward, always ex- 
pressing and manifesting the most un- 
daunted courage and unbounded zeal in 
the service of his country. Being early 
educated in the art of war, he became 
prepared to discbarge, with accuracy 
and fidelity, the duties belonging to the 
several offices to which he has since 
been promoted and intrusted. At the 
age of 27, he was chosen and commis- 
sioned a subaltern in a company of light 
infantry, which office he held with dis- 
tinguished reputation for several years. 
From his military conduct while a sub- 
altern, he attracted the attention of those 
who were acquainted witli military oper- 
ations and warlike improvements. He 
was elected captain of the third company 
of the regiment to which he belonged ; 
and was afterwards unanimously elected 
second major in the regiment. In this 
office, he continued till, by a vacancy, 
he was elected Lieut. Colonel Com- 
mander of said regiment, bvit saw fit 
to signify his non-acceptance of the ap- 



pointment. He was then chosen First 
Major of said regiment ; which office 
he accepted and held with honor during 
his life. He died Apr. IG, 1802, in the 
41st year of his age. 

HIS FUNERAL. 

The Procession formed at the house 
of Mr. Sylvanus Miller where the hon- 
ored remains had been previously, car- 
ried ; — from whence tliey moved to the 
meeting-house in the following order : 

Colonel Banister on horseback, — 
Maj. Jay and Col. Boyden on foot, — 
Capt. Leavitt with his troops of horse, 

Carriers , -Hearse , -Mourners , 
Military Officers of the Fivst Regiment, 
Civil Officers, Non-commissioned Olli- 
cers. Capt. Knight's and Capt. Shaw's 
companies, - spectators. 

When they arrived at the meeting- 
house, the Colonel, alighting, was re- 
ceived by the Rev. H. Taylor of New- 
fane, wlio after tlie large procession 
had taken their seats, introduced the fu- 
neral worship. The text was Ps. 15,5. 

The services concluded by a funeral 
anthem, suited to the occasion. The 
procession then moved in regular order 
from the meeting-house to the grave, 
where the Last Remains of the njble 
Major, so affable and benevolent in life 
were interred with suitable religious and 
military ceremonial ; when the whole 
procession retired in beautiful and sol- 
emn order. The whole scene was con- 
ducted, by every person present, with 
that degree of order solemnity and pro- 
pHety as most express an unfeigned re- 
spect for the deceased. 

( '•'•Federal Galaxy, printed at Brattle- 
boro, May 5, 1802. " ) 

ASA MILLER. 

was born in Dummerston, June 12, 
1797, son of William and Haunali 
(Worden) Miller who were married 
Nov. 10, 1782. His mother was a 
daughter of John Worden of AVashing- 
ton county, Rhode Island. Mr. Mil- 
ler's father was a son of Capt. Isaac 
Miller from Worcester, Mass., who 
settled in Dummerston in 1770. He 



134 



VEEMONT HISTORICAL MAGAZINE 



had a family of 12 children, William, 
the youngest, was born Oct. 2, 1761. 
He resided on the parental farm which 
had been well improved when he pur- 
chased it of his father, Apr. 29, 1785, 
for $1700. 

The children of William and Hannah 
Miller were Fanny, Isaac, Charles, 
Dolly, George Anson, William, Joel, 
Nathan, Asa, Catharine, and Maria. 
Fanny married Henry Whitney, Isaac 
married Polly Adams, Charles, Lucy 
Bruce, Dolly, Adin Hubbard, George 
Anson, Louisa Haven, William, Polly 
Willard, Nathan, Philinda, daughter of 
Elijah Buck. Asa m., October, 1819, 
Sally Bemis, dau. of Elias and grand- 
daughter of David and Mary (Dunster) 
Bemis. Catharine m. John Wheeler, 
and Maria m. Dea. Abel Haven. 

Sally, the wife of Asa, was born 
Mar. 18, 1796, married Sept. 1820,died 
Feb. 14, 1870. They had two children : 

Catharine, m. 1st Orrin Slate, a mer- 
chant, who lost his life by a fall from a 
window in a public house at Winstead, 
Ct. Four years after his death, she m. 
2d, Rev. Alfred Stevens, D. D., — of 
Westminister West, a Congregationalist 
minister in that parish for 40 years. 

Sidney A. m. 1st, Emily, dau. of 
Asahel Dickinson, 2d, a daughter of 
Rev. W. S. Balch, a Universalist min- 
ister. 

Early in life, Mr. Miller learned the 
carriage-maker's trade and was engaged 
in that business in Dummerston until 
his removal to Brattleboro in 1834. 
For several years in that place, his son, 
Sidney A, Miller, was associated with 
him in the manufacture of carriages. 
The last six years of his life were spent 
in Westminister West, in the family of 
Dr. Stevens, enjoying the tender care 
of his only daughter. He died Apr. 9, 
1883, aged 85 yrs. 10 mos. 



His last visit to Dummerston was 
about six months before his death. He 
was greatly pleased to learn that a por- 
trait of his grandfather, Capt. Isaac 
Miller, would appear in the history of 
the town. His leisure hours were gen- 
erally spent in reading the daily news 
and very largely, for one of his age, the 
recent publications. He was a member 
of the Congregational church tor more 
than 40 yeai'S. His Christian spirit 
was manifested by sympathy for and 
efforts to relieve the poor and suffering. 

Mr. Miller expressed great affection 
for his mother, who was a very excel- 
lent woman and always kind to the poor. 
She was loved and esteemed by all who 
knew her, and many were her deeds of 
kindness. She always fed the stranger 
who called at her door for food, and 
never refused when asked to keep even 
the poorest beggar over night. She was 
told by her friends that by so doing she 
would doubtless aid many who were not 
worthy. Her reply was that those whom 
she thus befriended were unknowu to 
her, and she would rather feed ten un- 
worthy persons than turn one who was 
worthy away. During the last sickness 
and shortly before her death, Mrs. Dav- 
enport, a near neighbor, called to ex- 
press gratitude for the many acts of kind- 
ness she had received from Mrs. Miller — 
but in I'elating the incident, "'Uncle 
Asa" paused in the narration. His 
voice trembled, his eyes filled with tears, 
and turning his face away from the 
listener, he was silent for a moment, 
and the conversation was changed to 
some less affecting incident of his recol- 
lection. It was his last interview with 
the writer of this sketch, which is but 
a simple record of a few events in the 
long life of a worthy man. 

The portrait which accompanies this 
sketch was contributed by his children. 



/t 





DUMMERSTON, 



135 



JOSEPH MILLER, ; a large orchard ot maple trees from 

son of Joseph, Sen., and grandson of, which the owner makes the best quality 
Capt. Vespasian, eldest son of Capt. | of sugar. The yearly product avera"-es 
Isaac Miller, married, 1st, Eliza A., ; nearly 2800 lbs. The largest quantity 
dau. of Isaac and Abigail (McWayne) i made in any single year, was 3300 lbs. 
Reed, Mar. 3, 1841. Her parents were A large share of what he makes is sold 
married in Dummerston. Sep. 2, 1790. j yearly to merchants in the Western 
She died Nov. 26, 1843, and he mar- states. His maple sugar on exhibition 
2d, Sophia, dau. of William and Polly I at the Centennial in Philadelphia, 187G, 



(Frost) Arms, Dec. 25, 1844. They 
have three children. J. Arms, the eldest, 
married Sarah M. Reed of W^rdsboro, 



was specially noticed by the French 
Commissioners, who, on their return to 
France, wrote to Miller for a sample 



and lives on a farm near his father's of maple sugar and a package of seed 



from the trees for planting. 

In return he received the Commiss- 
ioners report containing a very compli- 
Ansel I., having a scholarly turn of i naentavy notice of the sugar. 



place. Adin F. married Hattie A. Dut- 
on ; resides with his parents and help 
manage the home farm. 



mind, prepared for college at West 
Brattleboro and graduated from Wil- 
liams college in the class of 1881. He 
is at present, (1883,) studying medi- 
cine in New York city. Mr. Miller 
was town representative in 1862 and 
63, has been justice of the peace many 
years and town clerk since 1849. He 
holds other offices of trust for the town, 
and his long experience in town business 
makes him a valuable officer and legal 
counsellor in matters pertaining to town 
affairs. His advice and help are often 
sought by his townsmen in the making 
of wills and the settlement of estates of 
deceased persons. With one exception 
from 1804 to 1807, the town has been 
very fortunate in the choice of town 
clerks and has made i'ew changes in 4ie 
office. Mr. Miller, the present incum- 
bent, is a very efficient clerk, and keeps 
the records in a neac, legible, hand- 
writing. He was born and has always 
lived on the farm that he now owns. It 
has been in the Miller name more than 
a hundred years, and was the birth- 
place of his father in 1780. It is pleas- 
antly located in the eastern part of the 
town, produces excellent crops, and has 



WILLIAM O, MILLER. 

His parents were William and Esther 
(Knight) Miller, whose children were 
WilUam O. , Dana ; Esther, Avho m. 
WinsloAv Dut.on ; Mary, who married 
Sumner Rust, and Lucretia. 

The grand-parents were Marshal and 
Abigail (Haven) Miller. At the time 
of their marriage, Nov. 17, 1778, she 
was the widow of Thomas Boy den. 

William O. was born Jan. 31, 1816. 
His parents then resided in the north 
part of the town near Putney West hill. 
In 1835, they removed to the Hosea 
Miller farm, which his father bought of 
Marshal Newton, who was owner at 
that time. It was previously owned by 
Dr. Abel Duncan, who died in 1813, 
and his widow, a daughter of Hosea 
Miller, held a claim on the estate dur- 
ing her life time. The farm Ims been 
kept in the Miller name or some rela- 
tive of the family, since it was pur- 
chased of the original proprietors in 
1770. The present dwelling-house on 
the place was once used for a tavern. 
Refugees from Shay's Rebellion in 1787 
boarded there tor a time, and some of 



136 



VERMONT HISTORICAL MAGAZINE. 



the apple trees now standing in the old 
orchard were set out by them to pay 
their expenses for board. 

William O.. when not otherwise em- 
ployed, worked on the farm with his 
father, who deeded the place to him sev- 
eral years before his death. Mr. Mil- 
ler's school days began in the old brick 
school -house near the Simeon Reed 
place on Putney West hill, and were 
concluded at West Brattleboro in the 
academy under the instruction of Ros- 
well Harris. He taught school several 
winters in Dummerston and surround- 
ing towns. A few years were spent in 
trade at the store of his uncLe, Asa 
Knight. 

In 1846, and '47, he was representa- 
tive of the town at the state capital. 
He was chosen constable and collector 
in 1844, and with only two exceptions, 
has been annually chosen to that office 
for 48 years. He has been high bailiff 
of Windham county two years ; was 
appointed postmaster in 1862, and stills 
holds that office. He is a Congrega- 
tionalist, and has been clerk of the reli- 
gious society 43 years — being choben 
first m 1840. He has been clerk of 
school district No. 1. east, since 1842, 
In all the offices which he has held and 
still holds, he has discharged his duties 
with fidelity and thoroughness. He is 
a prosperous farmer, and very helpful 
member of society, and a valuable citi- 
zen of the town. 

Nov. 26, 1856, he married Julia, 
dau. of Ira.and Jemima (Ward] Haven, 
and their children are William D., a 
graduate from Williams College in the 
class of '82 ; Mary L. and Freddie O., 
died in childhood ; and Edwin H brother 
of Wm. O., graduated from Dartmouth 
college in the class of '43. His ante- 
collegiate was in Townshend, in West 



Brattleboro and Dummerston. As a 
scholar, he stood in tlie front rank of 
his class. After receiving his degree, 
he remained at home until the following 
December, when he went to Washing- 
ton, D. C, and was soon invited by 
Rev. Mr. Bulfiuch to take charge of the 
classical department of his school, which 
he did for two years. From the sum- 
mer of 1846, to 1850, he traveled for 
increase of knowledge in the West and 
South West taking agencies to pay ex- 
penses. In the spring of 1850, he re- 
turned to Washington and v/as employed 
as a clerk in the Land Office. He soon 
received an appointment L\ the Census 
Bureau, and at the time of his death 
held an appointment in the Treasury 
Department. He died Nov. 23, 1851, 
He was much respected by all who 
knew him, for his manly bearing, self- 
discipline, frank and gandid frienddiip, 
and unsullied life. 



JOSIAH DODGE. 

was a soldier in the war of 1812, in 
the 13th regiment of infantry. He died 
Feb. 9, 1815, on board of a vessel at 
sea from the effects of a gun-shot wound 
in his hand which produced lock-jaw. 
He was born in Westmoreland, N. H,. 
Mar, 19, 1778, married, 1st, Ruth 
Plummer, had one child, Jared, married. 
2d, Phebe, dau. of Lt. Daniel Kathan 
and formerly the wife of AVilliam Wilder. 

Children : Josiah, b. Nov. 15, 1808, 
m., 1st, Hannah C, who died Feb. 20, 
1848, aged 33 ; 2d, Eliza Jane Hews, 
who died Jan. 7, 1883, aged 60. He 
died Aug. 10,1873. 

Thankful, b. about 1810, m. Lanson 
Stone of Chesterfield, N. H., d, Feb, 
1875 in her 65th year, 

Willard, b. Feb, 25, 1813, m. Sept, 
5, 1837, Zilpha Temple, Has six chil- 
dren livinsr. 




?^^^. 



^ 



^4^ 



DUMMERSTON. 



13^ 



KNIGHT FAMILY. 

The earliest representative of this fam- 
ily in town was 

JONATHAN KNIGHT, ESQ, 

who was resident in 1774, and came 
fr(aTi Worcester, Mass. He was born 
Jan 3, 1732, d. Mar. 13, 1819, aged 
81 jeari>. 

His wife's nanae was Tamar Rus- 
sel. He first settled on the farm since 
owned by Asa Dutton, which he bought 
of Artemas Knight in 1777, and sold 
not long afterwads to Samuel Dutton. 
He then bought land and settled where 
Simeon Reed lived many years. Tam- 
ar, his wife, died suddenly of apoplexy, 
June 27, 1803, aged 72. Their children 
were Samuel, Joel, Jesse, Betsey, Seth, 
Levi and Jonathan, Jr. 

Jonathan Knight was chosen one of 
the three selectmen, May 16, 1775, — 
Enoch Cook and Joseph Hildreth were 
the other two selectmen. They were 
the first selectmen chosen in town and 
took the place of trustees and commis- 
sioners of highways, reported in the list 
of selectmen for the 3 years previous to 
1775. He was in the court-house fight 
at "Westminster, and received a charge 
in the right shoulder, and carried the 
buck shot in his body for more than 
30 years. He died Mar. 13, 1819, 
aged 87. 

SAMUEL KNIGHT. 

first son of Jonathan, settled on an 
adjoining farm, where Hoyt Spaulding 
now lives. He was a prominent justice 
of the peace several years. 

He married Susanna Burge, Jan. 4, 
1781. He died July 2, 1817 aged 59 ; 
his wife, d. Feb. 4, 1837, aged 80. 
Their children were Tamar, b. Jan. 10, 
1783, did not marry ; Artemas, b. Mar. 
27, 1785, m. Oilve Bowen ; Asa. born 
18 



July 25, 1787, d. June 1792 ; Eber, b, 
Jan. 23, 1790, d. June 1792; Samuel 
— see separate sketch — ; Luke, b. May 
24, 1796, unmarried; Sallcy, b. Sept, 
5, 1799, m. Briggs. 

JOEL KNIGHT. 

second son of Jonathan, b. Nov. 11, 
1761, settled east from his brother Sam- 
uel's farm. He married Esther Farr, 
Nov. 13, 1786 ; d. May 5, 1841, aged 
79. His wife d. May 20, 1851, aged 
33 years. 

Children : Rachel, b. Dec. 16, 1787, 
m. June 4, 1809, David Dickinson ; 
Joel, b. Dec. 12, 1789, d. May IS, 
1790; Polly, b. Mar. 4, 1791; m. 
John Palmer of Williamstown ; Asa 
b. Feb. 28, 1793, died July 20, 1851 ; 
Esther, b. Apr. 22, 1795, m. William 
Miller; Joel, b. July 18, 1799, died 
died Sept. 15, 1874, aged 75. 

JESSE KNIGHT. 

third son of Jonathan, b. in 1763, m, 
Bethany Perry, Nov. 6, 1783, and set- 
tled south from Joel's farm on which 
he built, in 1802, the house now stand- 
ing and owned by Sylvanus Kelley. 

Of Jesse's children, Jesse, m. Betsey 
Dickinson ; Thany, m. Ashbel Johnson, 
son of Capt. Ashbel ; Bets^.y, m. July 
24, 1809, Benjamin Ware; Abel, m. 
Betsey Kathan ; Lyman, m. Polly John- 
son ; Perry, m. Eliza Fairbanks ; Laura, 
m. Arba Clark, whose 2d wife was 
Catharine Black ; Phila, m. John B. 
Miller; Job, m. Sally Bemis ; David, 
m. Betsey Briggs ; Jonathan Russel, m. 
Fanny, sister of Joel Miller ; Louisa, 
m. Daniel Taylor ; Wilder, m. Louisa 
Kathan ; Octavia, m. Josiah Holton ; 
Jesse, m. 2d. Polly Fairbanks, mother 
of the last three children. Fourteen 
children in this family grew to adult 
age. 

Betsey married Jesse Butterfield ; 



138 



VERMONT HISTORICAL MAGAZINE. 



Seth, m. Betsey Whitney. Aug. 30, 
1789. Levi, m. Anna Haskel, Oct, 
II, 1790, Seth and Levi removed to 
Thetford. 

JONATHAN KNIGHT, JR. 

lived on the parental farm with his 
father. The site of the old buildings 
is several rods farther south than the 
present location of the buildingb on the 
farm, he married Amy Perry of Putney, 
Sept. 7, 1794. Mrs Ama (sometimes 
written Amy) Perry Knight died in 
Chicago, in. Aug. 23, 1835. 

Of Jonathan's children, Clark, m. 
Lucy Davenport ; Mount Vernon, no 
record ; Emily, m. a Shrigley of Put- 
ney ; Minor, m. Lavilla Gates. 

SAMUEL KNIGHT, ESQ. 

From an obituaiy in the Brattleboi-o paper. 

The death of Samuel Knight, at the 
venerable age of 84 years ; born in 
Dummerston, August, 21, 1893. 

He was the son of Samuel and Sus- 
sanna Knight, of whose family he was 
the last surviving member. In early 
life, he served for a considerable period 
as clerk and book-keeper in a Putney 
store, and for a time was a resident of 
Newfane, where, in 1842, he married 
Eliza Merrifield, by whom he had one 
son, Henry Samuel, who died in 1871. 
His first wife having died, he married, 
in 1844, the widow of John Robinson, 
a well known hotel proprietor of Bellows 
Falls, who survived him at the age of 88. 

In 1833, he was a contributor to the 
columns of the "Independent Inquirer," 
a short-lived, semi-religious newspaper, 
published in Brattleboro under the man- 
agement of the now venerable Wm. E. 
Ryther, of Bernardston, Mass. While 
in Newfane, he furnished articles lor the 
Green Mountain Democrat, published 
in that town, and when the Vermont 



Phoenix was started in 1834, he became 
a contributor" t# that paper and served 
more or less, as editorial assistant. He 
removed to Brattleboro in the spring of 
1845. 

He was a member of the old board of 
road commissioners for Windham coun- 
ty, which were appointed by the Legis- 
lature under the law passed in 1827, and 
was a clerk of the board until the repeal 
of the law in 1831, having for his asso- 
ciates such men as Hon.Phineas White 
of Putney and Gen. Barney of Guilford, 
He was a deligate of the State Consti- 
tational Convention in 1843 ; and dur- 
ing his residence in Brattleboro was en- 
trusted very extensively with the town 
affairs, in which his skill as a practical 
surveyor added greatly to his visefulness . 

He joined "The Blazing Star Lodge" 
of Masons at Townshend, at an early 
period, and was one of the charter 
members of Columbian Lodge in Brat- 
leboro. 

As a writer, he was noted for his wit 
and sarcasm. He was a great lover of 
fun, whether in the shape of a witty 
anecdote or a practical joke ; but his 
wit was never tinged with malice. He 
was always tender-hearted^ good natur- 
ed, kind and obliging ; and however 
situated, was the same quiet, unassum- 
ing man, of kindly face and genial pres- 
ence, such was " Uncle Sam Knight." 
To the foregoing, condensed from the 
"Vermont Phoenix," 1877, the writer 
of Dummerston history makes addi- 
tional particulars : The widow of Mr. 
Knight is now living, (1882) at the age 
of 92. Her maiden name was Mary 
Clark, adaughter of Thomas Clark, one 
of the early settlers in Dummerston. 
She was born in this town in 1789. 
Her father died at the age of 91, her 
mother at 84, her brother Thomas at 88, 
and others in the family lived past 80. 



DUMMEESTO^\ 



189 



Mr. Knight resided in this town till 
nearly or quit« 50 years old. It is true 
that he was a " ^eat lover of fun" and 
witty ; but some of his very intimate 
friends often overreached him in the 
playingof practical jokes. Many stoi'ies 
are told illustrating his eccentric liabits. 
One such was in public print many years 
ago, and was written for a Boston news- 
paper by Rollin Keyes, a resident of 
Putney and well known throughout the 
county as a man of fine ability tind very 
scholarly attainments. The printed story 
is not at hand, and the facts are given 
in the writer's own language. 

Mr. Knight, it appears, was at Put- 
ney, one day, in a store, when several 
persons were present with whom he 
was well acquainted. The conversation 
turned upon cleaning stove-pipes, how 
troublesome it was to do and how every- 
body disliked to do it. He remarked 
that he wished there was some better 
way of cleaning stove-pipes than the 
common method. 

One of the men said he knew a plan 
ihat was very effectual and required lit- 
tle time. It was simply to put a quan- 
tity of powder on some paper, place it 
inside the stove just under the pipe : 
then light t-ie paper with a match when 
the powder would soon flush all the soot 
and ashes out of the pi|)c into the 
chimney. 

No one present cast any doubts on 
the feasibility of the new method, and 
Mr. Knight, accordingly, purchased 
some powder with which to clear some 
pipe after he returned home. When he 
had made ready for the trial, lie followed 
the directions of the Putney man implic- 
itly, and awaited the result. Instead of 
a ' ' flush " and exit of soot and ashes 
as he expected, there was an explosion. 
The top of the stove was blown off. 
Stove-lids, soot and ashes, aad other 



things were scattered promiscuously 
about. A section of pipe smashed 
through the window, and through the 
opening, leaped the terrified dog and 
cat, and disappeared for several days. 
Mr. Knight, himself, was perfectly as- 
tounded. After recovering somewhat 
from his astonishment, he was heard to 
say,'* Any d — d fool might have known 
better than that." 

By request of his most intimate friends 
two papers, "Obituary Extraordinary'" 
and "Thanksgiving disappointments'' 
have been selected to illustrate Samuel 
Knight's sharp style of writing for the 
public prints. In the use of language 
he was as keen, witty and sarcastic as 
any man in the State. His genius for 
condensing was also, very remarkable. 

The editor of the Free Press, noticed 
in the obituary, was Zebina Eastman. 
He died at Chicago in June 1883. He 
was one of the foremost abolitionists, 
and an associate of Benjamin Lundy in 
publishing "The Genius of Universal 
Emancipation." He was preparing a 
History of "The Black Code of Illinois 
when he died." 

OBITUARY EXTEAORDINARY. 
"Time cuts clown all 
Botli ^eat and small." 

Died of starvation at Fayettville, Vt, 
Feb. 14. 1835, ''The Vermont Free 
Press" aged 37 Aveeks. 

Its death was occasioned by the neg- 
lect of its guardians to supply it with 
proper nourishment. Its exit from this 
mundane sphere was probably hastened 
by an unlucky leap, Sam Patch like, 
made, some weeks ago, plump into the 
bowels of Anti-masonry, from which, 
like its Kving prototype, it never recov- 
ered. In the death of the Free Press, 
the craft has lost a staunch champion 
for the "supremacy of the laAvs, a patri- 



1 4a 



VERMONT HISTORICAL MAGAZINE. 



otic dabbler In other people's affairs, 
and a noble stickler for the truth. It 
was never known to utter an untruth 
but that it stuck to it with the greatest 
pertinacity even to its dying hour, liter- 
ally fulfilling the maxim "that a lie 
well stuck to is as good as the truth." 
It is said that its paternal guardian shed 
"hogsheads of tears" on the solemn 
occasion, and that the mourners, as is 
customary when great characters become 
defunct, will wear crape for the space 
of thirty days. The loss of the Free 
Press will be sensibly felt throughout 
the state. We join in the lamentations 
and erect this tablet to its memory : 

From nothing sprung, 

To notliingrose; 

On nothing hung, 

To notliinggoes; 
And notliing all its life it songht. 
And nothing now returns to naught. 
THANKSGIVING DISAPPOINTMENTS. 

Disappointments are said to be the 
lot of all men and women kind. The 
old saying was verified in small degree 
on the morning of Tlianksgiving day by 
sundry persons on looking for their 
slaughtered gobblers and roosters, which 
they had hung up in a cool place pre- 
paratory for a good Thanksgiving din- 
ner. But lo ! the fowls were minus — 
gone clean, smack, smooth ! By whose 
hands they had been spirited away was 
not quite so certain ; but, although a 
mystery, suspicions were rife as to the 
whereabouts some of them had skedad- 
dled. One man having his "eye peeled," 
found by "prospecting" where one of 
his gobblers rested. He took a "bee 
line " to one of his neighbors — rang the 
bell— very politely met by the man of 
the house, and ushered into his domocil. 
The loser of the turkey walked straight 
into the kitchen, and lo ! there it lay on 
the table, gutted, gizzarded and stuffed 
ready for the spit. " You have a very 



fine turkey l^ere," said the gentleman, 
^'' it will make a capital roast for din- ; 
ner ;" and turning it over, he stepped 
back and viewing it through his half 
shut hand, exclaimed — " Ho ! ho ! that 
is an old acquaintance of mine — ^^vhere 
did you get it ? The man of the house 
was dumbfounded. He stammered and 
tried hard to say something ;. but it was 
no go — ^lie couldn't get it out. 

Shame gave bis face a kind of thievish hue,, 
His cheeks tumecl pale his nose turned blue. 

^' Now neighbor," said the loser, 
'''• this is my turkey, and you, or some 
of your trade hooked it ;" and deliber- 
ately putting the dead fowl under his 
arm, walked to the door, and turning 
around, said very blandly — " Now Mr. 

, we wont have any hard feelings 

about this business — please call at the 
dinner hour and dine with me ; be punct- 
ual. Good day, sir." But he didn't 
go. It is said the " man of the house" 
on the morning of Thanksgiving day, 
feeling very thankful for the blessings 
received and to be received, and a little 
pious withal, scratched his head and 
scratched out the following, to be by him 
delivered after eating, with other fixings, 
the stolen turkey, and here it is : — 
For turkeys young and turkeys old, 
For turkeys hot and turkeys cold, 
For turkeys tender, turkeys tough. 
We thank the Lord, we've had enough I 

Alas ! for his disappointments. He, 
however, can keep the thanks, the next 
time he is more fortunate, when he ob- 
tains a turkey under similar circum- 
stances. 

JOEL KNIGHT JR. 

whose portrait has been contributed to 
this history, died Sept. 15, 1874. He 
spent his three score years and more on 
the old homestead, a slice from the 
paternal acres. He was nn industrious 
farmer, an upright man, a worthy cti- 




HON. ASA KNIGHT. 



DUMMERSTON. 



141 



zen. In early manhood, he spent his 
winters in teaching school. Six of his 
eight children were teachers, 

Sophia, the eldest, married Rev. S. 
H. McCollester, D. D., at one time 
president of a college in Akron, Ohio. 
Charles M. Knight, the youngest son, 
now [1882] is a professor in the same 
College. 

In 1829, Mr. Knight married Fanny 
daughter of Dr. Abel Duncan who died 
of spotted fever in 1813. Rev. Hosea 
Beckley, the resident minister of this 
town at that time, wrote the epitaph on 
his grave-stone : 

He was sound in hnoivledge and in judg- 
ment^ dear, 

With conduct open, and with heart sin- 
cere^ 

Of purpose firm ; hd mild to reason's 
stvay, 

In public good ivas prompt to lead the 
way ; 

Pure in friendship, and faithful to her 
laws, 

He died in humanity's sacred cause. 

HON. ASA KNIGHT, 

son of Joel and Esther and , grand-son 
of Jonathan, Sen., was born in Dum- 
raerston, Feb. 28, 1793, and died July 
20, 1851. Mr. Knighr was a promi- 
nent and leading citizen of this town. 
He acquired an extensive knowledge of 
the laws both of the state and nation ; 
and, as a counsellor, though not a law- 
yer by profession, his judgement was 
excellent in all business of a legal char- 
acter. 

In 1821, he was appointed deputy 
sheriff and retained the office 7 years. 
He removed to Newfane in 1824, and 
was keeper of the county jail 2 years ; 
and then returned to Dummersto)i, in 
1828, and began business as a merchant. 



In 1830, he was chosen representa- 
tive to the legislature of Vermont, and 
was re-elected the following year ; also, 
chosen again in 1834 and 1835. He 
was elected Judge of Probate for the 
District of Marlboro' in 1834, '35 and 
1836, and performed the duties of the 
various offices, vrhieh he held at differ- 
ent times, with marked ability and 
promptness. 

When living in Newfane. he received 
a large sum of money, late one after- 
noon, with the express command that it 
must be deposited in the bank at Brat- 
tleboro, that night without failure. To 
perform a journey of 12 miles down the 
West River valley, through thickly 
wooded forests and narrow defiles where 
robbers would have excellent chances 
to waylay the unsuspecting traveller in 
the hours of darkness, did not appear 
a pleasant undertaking. Thinking it 
would be prudent, therefore, to prepare 
for this emergency, he obtained the nec- 
essary means for self-defence ; and with 
a swift horse and light sulky, started on 
his journey, trusting that in case his 
weapons should fail of doing execution, 
his swift steed would bear him out of 
danger. The road in many places was 
narrow and dangerous, and the night 
dark as Erebus. 

He rode cautiously along, thinking 
that perhaps the darkness (-nly, had 
excited his fear, till at length he came 
to a narrow defile, made by the river on 
the north, and an almost inaccessible 
hill on the south, leaving only a narrow 
passway which, by one of the leaders 
in the early difficulties of this state, was 
called, ''the valley of the shadow of 
death ;" when, suddenly, a man sprung 
from a dense thicket and grabbed at the 
bridle of the horse. Luckily, the horse 
threw up his head, and the robber 
missed his object ; at the same time. 



142 



VERMONT HISTORICAL MAGAZINE 



being propelled 



icross the road by the tened. Parks was %oon discovered stand- 



force gained in springing down the steep 
bank, he did not recover himself in 
season to try the experiment again, be- 
fore Mr. Knight had whipped up the 
horse and was out of his reach. The 
spirited horse took his master swiftly 
over the remaining route, and rescued 
him from the robber and, perhaps a vio- 
lent death. 

THE CAPTURE OF PARKS. 

Gen. Martin Field a lawyer in New- 
fane came to Mr. Knight when he was 
sheritF, and requested him to take a writ 
and serve it upon Thomas Parks of 
West Brattleboro, for the purpose of 
collecting a debt of about $500. 

" It will be of no use," said Knight, 
'' for me to take that execution, as yon 
well know that Parks is a slippery fel- 
low and has evaded the officers for the 
past year; even Chase, the high sheriff^, 
has failed to arrest him." 

'' I know that," replied Field, " but 
I want that you should make a trial. 
Parks has caused trouble enough, and 
you are the man to settle with him. I 
will give you $50. if you will collect the 
debt." 

"I cannot do it, General. If I take 
that execution, you will oblige me either 
to collect the debt, or pay it myself; 
therefore, I'll have nothing to do about 
it." 

" Well, now," said Field, I will make 
you this promise. You may take the 
writ, and if you cannot serve it upon 
Parks, I will take it back again, and 
cause you no further trouble." 

Knight accepted the proposal, took 
the writ, and at the earliest opportunity 
called one afternoon to see Parks. He 
knocked for admission, but no one ans- 
wered the call ; and, on his trying to 
open the door, he found it securely fas- 



ing near the window, and laughing at 
Knight's inability to gain admittance. 

" Let me in," said Knight, " I want 
to see you on business." 

" No I won't, replied Parks, you 
shall not come into my house." 

*■' You had better," said Knight. " If 
you do not let me in now, I shall get in- 
to the house somehow, before morning." 

"You can't do it," replied Parks. 
• ' Smarter men than you have tried that 
before and failed." 

"We'will see what can be done," 
responded Knight, as he got into his 
wagon and drove off" a few miles to the 
residence of Paul Chase, the high sher- 
iff". He told him his business and re- 
qested his aid in the work. 

"You can't do anything with the fel- 
low, Knight," said Chase, "for I have 
tried times enough to satisfy anybody. 
Parks has been secluded for months, and 
will let no one into his house. 

" I do not dispute it, Chase, but you 
must go with me, this time, and help 
ai'rest him." 

" Well," replied Chase, I will not 
refuse to go where a ly of my deputies 
are willing ; but, if you will arrest 
Parks, I will give you $25 and the half 
of my fees, for I have several writs that 
I would like to serve upon him." 

Knight informed Chase of his plan 
which was to reach the house just before 
the time it would begin to grow light. 
Parks, by that time, would be tired of 
watching and conclude that he had given 
up the attempt to arrest him. 

At the appointed hour, they arrived 
on the premises and found everythmg 
quiet. Knight had, at his first visit, 
got sight of a ladder vmder the shed, 
which he noAv took and set up near a 




'V-' v»-.*-^ 



^^^^^a^;^^/^ 



dummp:r.ston. 



143 



bai^k window iu the second story of the 
building, and having ascertained the 
sash could be raised, " now," said he to 
Chase, " when there is light enough so 
that I can find my way out of the cham- 
l)er, do you go round to the front door 
and make all the noise you can. Parks 
will scm be there ; and don't you stop 
rattling the door till you hear from me. 

When the first streak of dawn ap- 
peared, Knight pulled off his shoes, 
ascended the ladder, and at the same 
time. Chase hastened to the door and 
began a tremendous racket by pounding 
and shaking and calling for admittance. 
Knight, in the meanwhile, had got 
access to the chamber, and found a 
stairway which, he concluded, led in 
the right direction ; he descended, and, 
as luck would have it, entered the room 
right behind where Parks was standing 
and swearing at Chase for pounding the 
door. Knight tip-toed softly across the 
x'oom and instantly grabbed him on both 
shoulders. Parks jumped as though he 
had been shot." 

" How came you here," he exclaimed. 

■' None of your business," replied 
Knight," 1 told you I should get in ; 
you are my prisoner." The door was 
quickly unfastened ; Chase stepped in, 
and Parks surrendered without a fight. 
He settled the accounts before they left 
the house. For a long time after that, 
whenever he saw Knight, he would say 
'' Ah, had it not been for you. I might 
have been out West now, and owning a 
good farm, but you got all my money 
and 1 had to go to work again." 

D. L. M. 



[We hold to read, a letter we will print, as it 
gives, iDeside, some additional information, a 
pleasant retrospective glance at a very honor- 
able and well-known group of Mr. Knight's in- 
timate fi-iends — Ed. ] 



MK. TYLER TO MR. KNIGUT. 

Brattleboro, May 13, 1882. 
Dr. Sir: 



The Records show Hon. Asa Knight, 
Judge of this Probate District for 3 
years successively, 1835-6 and 7. Asa 
Keyes was his Register. 

It is a pity you had not begun seek- 
ing information sooner. Within a few 
years have died Wm. C. Bradley, J. 
Dorr Bradley, Judge Kellogg, Judge 
Keyes, Chas. K. Field, Joe Stefti, 
any one of whom was full of informa- 
tion about Judge Knight. 

You might get on the track of some- 
thing in Putney — in old times, Dum- 
merston, for this, had more to do Avith 
Putney than with Brattleboro — perhaps 
they do still — I don't know. The Mil- 
lers, Joe and W. 0. ought to put you 
on the track of something, perhaps also 
Sam P. of Newfane, his father and 
yom's were intimate. Austin Bir chard, 
too, has lately died, he would have 
known all about him. I can think of 
nobody, now living. Should any one 
occur to me, I will Avrite again. 
Truly yours, 

R. tylp:r. 

[ We shall next inti-oduce two ladies of the 
Knight Family whose portraits have been 
contributed to the historj' of this town, and a 
sister to one. We give Mrs. Esther Knight as 
the senior Mrs. Kniglit, first, and also, that the 
two sisters be side by side ; these portraits,be- 
ing the first of sisters in the liistorv of any 
town thus far in the work. — Ed. ] 

MRS. E.STIIER (fvIIK) KN'KJIIT. 

From information obtained iu tlie 
History of Chesterfield, N. H., published 
in 1882 by O. E. Randall, we learn 
that the ancestors of ]Mrs. Knight came 
from Stowe, Mass. Samuel and Han- 
nah Farr of that town had, at least 
three children : Lydia. b. Mar. 2:i, 



144 



VERMONT HISTORICAL MAGAZINE. 



1714, Elizabeth, b. Nov. 25, 1725, 
Abraham, b. Oct. 1, 1730. Samuel, the 
father, d. June 7, 1 754, Abraham Farr 
m. Rachel Foskett and settled in Ches- 
terfield, N. H., between 1770 and '75. 
He d. Jan. 18, 1810, in his 80th year. 
His widow married William Crook who 
died in AVestminister, Vt. She died in 
Chesterfield at a great age. Children : 
Susannah, b. Apr. 14, 1755, d. 1756 ; 
Abigail, b. Nov. 29, 1756, m. 1777, 
Amos Smith, d. July 17, 1830 ; Abra- 
ham married, 1784, Polly Harris and 
settled in Windham ; Polly was sister of 
Mrs. Sally (Harris) Stockwell now liv- 
ing, 1883, in West Brattleboro at the 
great age of 104 years. [Deceased Nov. 
1883.— Ed.] Tabitha married, 1782, 
Eleazer Cobleigh ; Thomas married and 
had children ; Abel married Polly, dau. 
of Aaron Smith ; Hannah, b. about 
1774, m. 1st, 1790, Isaac, son of Sam- 
uel Hildreth, 2d, 1821, Samuel Stearns ; 
Elenor, b. Nov. 3, 1777, m. — Gibbs ; 
Esther, whose portrait appears in this 
history, married Joel Knight, [p. 137] 

MRS. SUSAN (miller) KNIGHT, 
( CONTRIBUTED BY RANDOLPH A. KNIGHT. ) 

wife of Hon. Asa Knight, whose maiden 
name was Susan Miller, daughter of 
John and Polly Davenport Miller, and 
grand-daughter of Capt. Isaac Miller, 
that sturdy pioneer, and settler of the 
town of Dnmmerston, was born in this 
town, October 22, 1796, and married 
Asa Knight, May 1, 1822. Their chil- 
dren were : 

Susan H. b. May 19, 1823, married 
Lyman G. Bliss of Brattleboro. 

Mary Esther, born,July 26, 1826. 

Rose W. b. Oct. 31, 1828, married 
Lambert M. Maynard of Boston, Feb. 
17, 1852, lives in Somerville, Mass. 

Randolph A. b. Apr. 19, 1831, mer 
chant, m. Ursula Longfellow a distant 



relative of the poet, H. W. Longfellow. 

Lovina L. b. Oct. 15, 1833, mari-ied 
Oliver Sprowl ; and is now a widow 
and a teacher in the graded schools of 
Chico, Cal. 

John M., b. Aug. 28, 1836, mer- 
chant in Des Moines, Iowa, m. Frances, 
dau. of Dr. W, B. Rice, Niagara Falls. 

Fanny D., b. June 13, 1840, m. 
Richard L. Ogle of Callington, Co. of 
Prince George, Md., Sept. 10, 1863. 

Her portrait was copied from an oil 
painting by Belknap and represents her 
as the age of thirty-six. In her youth, 
she was noted for her fair Saxon type of 
beauty, blue eyes, fair complexion, light 
golden hair and fine-cut features. Bright 
and cheerful in conversation, her pecu- 
liarly pleasent voice and Scotch wit im- 
pressed one as a lady of refinement and 
culture. 

In childhood, she was trained in the 
strict discipline of her Puritan farthers 
and practised economy and industry ; 
had a sacred regard for truth, which be- 
came ever after prominent in her char- 
acter ; and she was distinguished for her 
excellent judgment, good sense and her 
regard for the rights of others. Patient 
and positive in her opinion, she has been 
known as a true friend to the poor and 
friendless. 

She has been a great reader and long 
took a lively interest in all the events 
concernir.g the welfare of our country, 
the proceedings of Congress and news 
from abroad. 

The extensive acquaintance ' of her 
husband, brought within her doors a 
large nimiber of prominent people in the 
county and state who remember, agree- 
ably, her sweet face, pleasant ways and 
generous hospitality. 

The death of her husband in 1851, 
left her alone with a large family and a 
large estate to settle. 




SUSAN MILLER KNIGHT, 
Grand-daughter of Capt. Isaac Miller, and wife of Hon. Asa Knight. 




cjC. 



<s^ diS^'c>^'^v-z^«a^ 



C^^^ 



. ^;0<?-^»'^-i5' 



dummi:r8To:s , 



u: 



Thi-ee old-time friends, Judge New- 
ton, the Hon. C. K. Field and Wm. 
L. Williams, Esq., came to her assis- 
tanoe in settling the estate, and took 
from her much of the care and trouble. 

Her husband was for many years, 
prior to his death, a merchfint, and 
lived where she now lives on the hill — 
her home for upward of fifty years. The 
,grand old house and the store have 
many interesting associations with prom- 
inent families and times long since pass- ' 
-ed away. 

M\ mother was generous and noble 
hearted. She has passed tiirough life 
with that degree of fortitude seldom 
equalled. For nearly three years past, 
she has been a great suiferer, occasioned 
by an accident that has rendered her 
almost helpless and speechless. But 
possessing a vigerous constitution and 
from a long lived race, she still lives 
and greets her friends and children with 
the same cordiality and smile of recog- 
nition and to wish them blessings and 
prosperity. 

MRS. ROSANNA ( MILLER ) WILLIAMS. 

is a sister ot Mrs. Asa Knight ; was 
born in Dummerston, May 19, 1794; 
marriel Feb. 22, 1826, William H. 
Williams, of Newfane, a wealthy and 
prominent citizen of that town. Her 
portrait represents her at the age of 65. 
She wrote the signature when 88 years 
old, and is now living in Williamsville 
in her 90th year. She is a grand- 
daughter of Capt. Isaac Miller. 



STICKNEY FAMILY. 

Peter Stickney, ancestor of the fam- 
ily in Dummerston was a descendant 
of William Stickne} , the first settler in 
this country, and the aocestor of nearly 
all who have since borne that name in 
America. It is inferred from records 
19 



procured in England, that he was tlie 
William who is mentioned as baptised 
in St. Mary's Church, Frtunpton Liu- 
colnshire, England, Sept. G, 1592, and 
the son of William Stickney of Framp- 
tou, who was baptised Dec. 30, 155.S, 
and married June 16, 1585, Margaret 
Pierson, find the grandson of Robert 
Stickney "of P"'ramptou, who made his 
will Oct. 3, and was buried Oct. 18. 
1582. 

Willicuu, the first settler in America, 
m. Elizabeth , and had ten chil- 
dren. Amos, their second son, was 
Ixtrn in England about 1635, m. in 
Newbury, Mass., June 24, 1663, Sarah 
Morse. After his death, she m. 2d, in 
Newbury, Dec. 17, 1684, Stephen Acre- 
man. She died there, Dec. 7, 1711. 
Amos Stickney had 9 children, 

Benjamin, 6th child, was b. Apr. 4. 
1673. He m. in Rowley. Mass., Jan., 
1700, 1st Mary Palmer. She died ,1747, 
aged 74, and was buried in Byfield. He 
m. 2d, widow Maiy Morrison, Oct. 2, 
1750, who survived him, and m. Nov. 
1757, Samuel Doty of Rowley, He 
had 11 children. Jonathan, his 4th 
son, was born in Rowley, Mar. 7, 1 706, 
published theie Jan. 13, 1730-1 : and 
m. Mary Fisk. They had 6 cldldreu. 
Moses, the 5th son, b. in Rowley, bapt. 
in Byfield, May 31, 1738 ; m. in Har- 
vard, Nov. 20, 1760, (wheu of Leom- 
ister), to Sybcl Farnsworth of Har- 
vard. He enlisted as a soldier in the 
expedition to Crown Point 1756, and 
his death occurred in Octobei- 1 76 1 . 

His only child was born Apr. 7. 1 761 ; 
m. in 1782, widow Eunice (Willard) 
Carlton, who was sister of Henry Wil- 
ard of Dummerston. He enlisted, Apr. 
1, 1778, in Col. Jonathan Reed's Reg., 
Capt. Isaac Wood's Company; and 
afterwards in David Moore's Co., Aug. 
3, 17.S(), to re-inforce the Continental 



I4o 



vp:rmont historical magazine. 



army in Rhodelsland. [Mass. Archives.] 

Two of his four children were prob- 
ably born in Harvard. He removed 
afterwards to Dnnimerston, where he 
died in March, 1815, aged 52. His 
widow died in 1832. 

Sibyl, the eldest child of Peter, was 
born Feb. 13, 1783 ; m Jan. 12, 1802, 
Joseph Gleason, Jr. ; had 11 children ; 
Sally, b. — ; m. Jan. 16, 1800, Benj. 
Z wears ; had 11 children. 

Benjamin, b. Mar. 15, 1785 ; m. 
Oct. 25, 1807, Sally Betterley • 

Lois, b. Feb 22, 1789 ; m. Caleb 
Burbank. 

BENJAMIN STICKNEY, 

was born in Leomister, Massachusetts, 
and his wife was the sister of Samuel 
Betterley of Newfane, Vt. She was 
born, June 15, 1786, in Newfane, and 
died there, Jan. 30, 1802, in the same 
room in which she was born. Benja- 
min came from Massachusetts to Dvim- 
merston about 1800, and died in this 
town. May 25, 1853. He had 9 chil- 
ren. Benjamin, the eldest, b. Sept. 
4, 1808 ; m. Betsey Tanney, b. Sept- 
ember 10,1807. Both are nowliving, 
1882 ; had five children ; reside in West 
Dummerston. 

Sarah, b. Oct. 3, 1810 ; m. Reuben 
M. Call. 

William, b. Sept. 16, 1812 ; m. Em- 
ily L. Lanfair, who died, May 16, 1854. 
He m. 2d, Judith W. Wait, Nov. 20, 
1856. They reside in Greenfield, Mass. 

Eunice N., b. Oct. 19, 1815 ; m. Ira 
Barrett, Nov. 12, 1863. 

Lucy, b. Aug. 21, 1817; m. Seth 
B. Hudson, Sept. 23, 1838. 

Peter, b. July 21, 1820 ; m. Abigail 
Wellman of Brookline ; had five chil- 
dren. 

Samuel, b. Jan. 10, 1823 ; m. Sibyl 
Hudson of Dummerston. 



Thomas, b. Nov. 18, 1824 ; d. Nov. 
8, 1842 

Lydia W., b. Nov. 17, 1828; d. 
Nov. 7, 1842. 



BENJAMIN ESTABROOK 
FAMILY. 

We give the family record beginning- 
with his great-grand-father, Captain 
Daniel Estabrook of Sudbury, Mass., 
who was born Feb. 10, 1676,. and mar- 
ried to Abigail Flint, Nov. 21, 1701. 

SI:c was born Jan. 11, 1675, dau. 
ot John and Mary (Oakes) Flint. 

The Fints came over from England 
in 1635. His father Tliomas Flint came 
that year from Mattock in Derbyshire 
by the river Darr.m, where he lived and 
his predecessors had dwelt for 800 years 
without any entailment. Tlie children 
of Capt. Daniel Estabrook and his wife 
Abigail were : 



Abigail, b. Sept. 
b. June 14, 1705; 
7, 1708, died Sept. 
b. Aug. 18, 1710, 



25, 1702; Daniel, 
Benjamin, b. May 
12, 1787; Samuel, 
d. Sept. 1, 1793, 



Mary, b. Nov. 2, 1712 ; Anna,b. Nov. 
13, 1714. Capt. Daniel Estabrook, d. 
Jan. 7, 1735 ; his wife d. Nov. 1770, 
aged 95 years. 

Samuel Estabrook and Abigail his 
wife's children were Lucy, b. Feb. 26, 
1739; Jedediah, b. Sept. 16, 1740; 
Samuel, b. Feb. 3, 1742, d- Apr. 28, 
1744 ; Benjamin, the subject of our 
sketch, was b. May 21, 1744^ 

The remaining children were seven iu 
number. Samur^l, father of Benjamin, d. 
1793, in Massachusetts. Abigail, his 
mother, d. Aug. 27, 1804, aged 86, and 
was buried near the grave of Hannah 
Estabrook, her grand-daughter. 

Benjamin Estabrooks married Abigail 
Gates, about 1776, and moved to this 
town from Old Rutland, Mass. 



DUMMERSTON. 



u; 



He died, Maj 24, 1830, aged 86, his 
wife, Aug. 26, 1824, aged 86, 

Their children were: Ljdia, b. Nov. 
«, 1778, m. Willicun French, Oct. 4, 
1801, d. May 21, 1849. aged 70. 

Abigail, b. Oct. 1, 1780, d. Nov. 8. 
1848, aged 68. 

Joel, b. Jan. 2o, 1782, m. 1st Mary 
Sargeant, 2d, Anna Sai'geaut, d. Jan. 6, 
1872, aged nearly 90. 

Jeddiah, b. May 22, 1784, m. Persi.-: 
Cutter, widow of Erastus Babcock ; d. 
Aug. 15, 1853. 

Hannah, b. Dec. 29, 1788, d. Oct. 14, 
1843. 

Bejijamin, b. Nov. 4, 1790, m. 1st, 
Clarissa, dau. of Abram Farr of Wind- 
ham, Jan. 8, 1817, 2d, Lydia Pratt of 
Newfane, Mar. 30, 1840. d. Mar. 14, 
1770. His children by the first mar- 
riage Avere : 

Emeline, b. Dec. 4, 1817, m. Arba 
Spaulding, great-grandson of Lt. Leo- 
nard Spaulding, d. Sept, 29, 1843. 

Alvin, b. Apr. 21, 1820, d. Nov. 22, 
1821. 

James M., b. Aug, 31, 1822. d.— 
infant. 

Clarissa Amy, b. Nov. 6, 1823, m. 
Mar. 11, 1873, David L. Mansfield.— 
[The writer of this History, whose in- 
terest in Dummerston, led him to fur- 
nish so much historical iuformation.Ed] 

Bexjamix Estabrook, blacksmith, 
was born and always lived in Dummers- 
ton. He learned his trade of Ebenezer 
Miller, who married Ama Farr, sister 
of Mrs. Estiibrook. After serving a 
few years as an apprentice, he engaged 
in business for himself on the parental 
farm and took care of his parents 
through life. In 1835, he purchased 
the blacksmith-shop and dwelling-house 
of Koyal Miller, where he lived at the 
time of his death. He Avorked at the 
blacksmith business 63 years ; was a 



man universally respected for his up. 
right Christian character ; was always 
active in every good work, a kind- 
hearted and ol)liging ueiglilwr, and one 
of the oldest members of the Congi*ega- 
tional church at the time of liis death. 
The writer is much indebted to him for 
many interesting incidents connected 
with the early history of the town. 



WILDER FAMILY. 

.lOSIILA WILDKIJ. 

removed from Gerr^- (now Phillipston) 
Mass., in 1795, and settled on a farm 
in this town, now owned by Lerov 
Wilder, his grandson. On account of 
ill health, his son Frank has the man- 
agement, making four generations, of 
the family that have lived on the place 
and cultivated the farm, which is one of 
the largest in town. The grave-yard 
adjoins the farm and in it are buried iu 
one lot five generations of the Wilder 
ftimily. We have not ascertained who 
the ancestors of Joshua Wilder were, 
but the family name is found among the 
inhabitants of Lancester. a town in the 
same county as Gerry, and settled more 
than a century before the latter town, 
which was incorporated in 1 786. Lieut. 
Nathaniel AYildcr was killed by the In- 
dians in Lancester, July 31. 1704. 
Joshua was a Revolutionary soldier, 
and his service is reported elsewhere. 
He related an exploit of his grandfather 
which has been handed down to the 
present time. 

It appears that his grandfather wa^; 
fond of a good horse and rode much on 
horseback. One time he called at an 
inn to stay over night and requested 
that his horse might be turned out to 
pasture instead of l)eing fed in the barn. 
When morning came and he was ready 
to start on his journey, he informed the 
landlord that he wouhl go and catcli his 



148 



VERMONT HISTORICAL MAGAZINE. 



horse himself, as it was a young and 
spirited animal, and it was very difficult 
for a stranger to catch him. The land- 
lord objected, because he had a cross 
bull in the pasture and he was afraid he 
would endanger the life of Mr. Wilder. 
Nothing, however, would deter him 
from catching his own horse. Before 
venturing into the pasture, he used the 
precaution, however, to fasten on his 
feet a pair of large, heavy spurs which 
he was accustomed to wear sometimes, 
when riding horseback. Tlie landlord 
watched his proceedings with consider- 
able anxiety. The horse and the bull 
were feeding near together, and Mr. 
Wilder could not catch his horse with- 
out attracting the attention of the bull. 
He fed quietly till he noticed a stranger 
approaching, when he suddenly turned 
and made a furious attack. Mr. Wilder 
equal to the emergency, dodging his 
enemy, caught him in such a manner as 
to land astride his back. He now had 
the advantage, and plunging the spurs 
deep into the sides of the bull, compelled 
him to run the course like a racehorse. 
Tlie bull was conquered, and stopping 
shortly, bellowed for mercy. Mr. Wil- 
der dismounted, patted him gently and 
said, " you are a good feUow, I have 
had a nice ride." The landlord was so 
much pleased with the brave exploit of 
Mr, Wilder that he would accept no pay 
for his night's lodging, nor would he 
take any pay thereafter for his staying 
over night, though he stopped on several 
occasions. 

Joshua Wilder married Lois Hawes. 
Their children were : 



82, m. Luke Kendal ; 
3, m. Samuel Hadley ; 



Anaa, b. 
Betsey, b. 1 
Natt, b. 1784, m. Polly Warner ; Dan, 
b. 1786, m. Joanna Bemis ; Nabby, b. 
1788, m. Simon Hadley of Williams- 
town, N. Y. Clarissa, born, 1789, m. 



Stephen Hadley ; Nixon, b. 1791, m. 
; Lindal, b. 1792, m. Betsey Had- 
ley ; Ruth, b. 1795, m. Ransom Covey ;. 
Samuel, b. 1796, m. Olive Bemis ; Dan- 
iel, b. 1798, unmarried; Columbia, b, 
1800 ; Jefferson, b. 1802. All lived to 
be adult persons, and none died younger 
than 25 years, 

Dan Wilder married. May .3, 1803, 
Joanna, dau of Joshua Bemis. Their 
children were : Alfred. Leroy, Eliza, 
William, Lindall, Edmond, Betsey, El- 
vira, Horace, Jason H. 

Dan was a deacon of the Congrega 
tlonal church, many years. His fath- 
er, Joshua, united with the church in 
1842, when he was 84 years old. 

Leroy Wilder is deacon of the church 
at the present time. 

Dea. Dan Wilder now living in his 
84th year, (1869) on one occasion^ 
when a young man, cut from a Lom- 
bardy poplar, a small sprout to use as a 
riding-whip, and on returning from his 
ride, stuck it into the ground. The soil 
being moist, that sprout grew to be a 
tall tree. It was cut down a few years 
since, and measured across the stump, 
nearly 4 feet. 



KNAPP FAMILY 

OF DUMMERSTON. 

ICHABOD Knafp wlio married Cath- 
arine Miller, Dec. 10, 1780, is the an- 
cestor of this family name now living in 
town. Alvine, his eldest child, b. Feb. 
21, 1781, m. Mar. 24, 1808, Rinda 
Fuller ; had one child, Ichabod Milton, 
who m. Sarah Wheeler, Mar. 20, 1843. 

Gardner, b. Apr. 23, 1783, m. Fanny, 
b. Jan. 14, 1801, dau. of Asahel Taft. 
Their children were Hiram, b. Mar. 
30, 1825 ; Addison, b. July 80, 1827 ; 
Ichabod Leroy ; Joel Dexter ; Emily 
S. ; Mary E. ; John N. 



DUMMERSTON. 



149 



Catherine, b. Mar. IS, 1785, m. 1st. education was cbtaiued in the common 



Giles Alexander, May 14, 1809, 2d, 
John F. Stearns ; 

Lurana, b. Aug. 3, 1787, m., 1808, 
Luther Miller ; 

Isaac N. (Dr.) b. Aug. 7, 1789, ra. 
1st, Philinda Dutton ; Children : Isaac, 
(Dr.) b. Mar. 22. 1815 ; Philinda D., 
b. Dec. 10, 1817 ; George H., b. Mar. 
21, 1819, d. 1880 ; Samuel D., b. 1882, 
d. 1846 ; Caroline, b. 1825, d. 1827 : 
Lucy, b. June 27, 1827 ; Ellen J., b. 
May 2, 1832. The mother d. Jan. 15, 
1835, and Dr. Knapp m. 2d, Mrs. 
Maria [Nutting] Benham. Three chil- 
dren by 2d marriage ; 

Lovicy and Polly, twins, b. Feb. 20, 
1792, Polly, d. infant, and Lovicy, m. 
July 25, 1813, Ephraim Laughton ; 

Ichabod, b. 1794, d. 1799 ; 

Rosanna, b.July 12, 179(5, m. Thomas 
Laughton ; 

George W. b. Dec. 19, 1799, m. 
Mrs. Eliza Willian"'s ; 

William, b. Mar. 10, 1804, m. Lo- 
vinna Miller ; 

JONAH KNAPP, 

a brother of Ichabod, came from Orange, 
Mass. to Dummerston about 1803. 

The children of Jonah and Ann, his 
wife were, John, b. in Orange, Mass., 
Aug. 1, 1793, m. Jan. 31, 1822, Han- 
nah Adams ; Lucretia,b. July 31, 1795, 
m. Justin Sargeant ; Orrin, b. Mar. 18, 
1798 ; Caleb L., b. July 15, 1801, m. 
Sept. 12, 1831, Linda Sargeant ; Sally, 
b. in Dummerston, 1804, d. 180G ; Hor- 
ace, b. Mar. 12, 1808. 

Polly Knapp, a sister of Jonah, m. 
Benjamin Rider, Jan. 30, 1806. 

DR. ISAAC KNAPP 

died May 9, 1883, in Fort Wayne, Ind. 
His parents were Dr. Isaac N. and 
Philinda (Dutton) Knapp. His early 



schools of this town and at tlie academy 
in Brattleboro. At about 20, he went 
West, and supporting himself by teach- 
ing at intervals, completed a full course 
at Marietta college, O., graduating in 
1839. After teaching a year or two in 
the South and West, he returned to Ver- 
mont. He studied for the ministry, but 
gave it up on account of a tliroat dis- 
ease, which prevented his speaking iu 
public, and studied medicine with his 
father. Dr. Isaac N. Knapp, a success- 
ful physician in Dummerston, and after- 
wards attended and graduated at the 
medical department of the University of 
Vermont. He again went West, and 
practiced medicine several years, but his 
health proving inadequate, he turned his 
attention to dentistry, and took high 
rank in that profession, was thrice 
chosen president of the Indiana State 
Dental Association and a prominent 
officer in other dential societies, in the 
West. He contril)uted much to dental 
literature, corresponded with eminent 
men in the profession and delivered pub- 
ic addresses, one series of which was 
before the Fort Wayne Medical College. 
His views were pronounced and his in- 
fluence positive, 'also, on all political, 
religious and social questions. He took 
an active part in the church and Sunday 
school work. He leaves a wife, Mrs. 
Rowena L. Knapp, one son, Wm. B., 
and a sister, Mrs. Lucy Saflbrd, of 
Windsor, Conn. (Tlie writer is in- 
debted to the Fort Wayne Gazette lor 
many of the facts pertaining to the life 
of Dr. Knapp in the West. 

THE HOLTON F.AMILV. 

William Holton, Iloulton, was born 
in England, 1011 ; came from Ipswich 
to America in ship " Francis," U>34 ; 

original propi'ietor 



)f Hartf..nl. C 



150 



VERMONTN HISTORICAL MAGAZINE. 



removed thence to Noi-tlihampton,Mass. 
where he was ordained deacon, 1663 ; 
representative to the general court 5 
years from Northampton and 1 year 
from Hadley ; on committee for North- 
fiekl at the second settlement, 1672 ; 
died Aug. 12, 1691. His wife, Mary 
,"diedNov. 16, 1691. 

Their children were John, Samuel, 
William, Mary, Sarah, Ruth, Rachel 
and Thomas, killed in the attack ou 
Northampton, Mar. 14, 1676. Mary 
married David Burt, Nov. 18, 1656; 
Sarah married John King, Nov. 18, 
1656, — the first two marriages in North- 
ampton. Ruth married Joseph Baker, 
who was killed by the Indians, Oct. 29, 
1675. Rachel married Thomas Strong. 

John, son of William, died April 16, 

1712. Abigail , his wife, was 

living in 1718. Their children were 
Mary, Eleazer, Sarah, Abigail, Joshua, 
William and Thomas. 

Thomas, son of John, was born Oct. 
23, 1681; was in Northfield, 1718; 
killed by the Indians Aug. 23, 1723. 
He married Mindwell, daughter of Sam- 
uel Allen of Northampton. After her 
husband was killed she married Daniel 
Chapin. She died Oct. 21, 1758. Chil- 
dren: Joshua, born 1703; Thomas, 
1705 ; Hannah, 1707 ; Mindwell, about 
1712 : Ithamer, who died Dec. 4, .713. 

THOMAS HOLTON, 

son of Thomas (1681) was born about 
1705 ; carpenter by trade ; " dismissed 
from church in Northfield 1799, with 
wife and daughter Sarah, to be joined 
with others in a church in Fulham," 
now Dummerston, where he settled after 

1771. He married Sarah ; died 

in this town Dec. 22, 1800, aged about 
95 years. 

Their children were Thomas Allen, 
born in Northfield, 1744 ; Sarah, Arad, 



Nov. 1752; ]\ftndwell, Hannah, Olive 
and Obedience, who were baptized Apr. 
29, 1764 ; Sarah married Elijah Town, 
jr., about 1776. Arad married Anna 
Haven, (1) ; Rebecca Houghton, (2) ; 
Mrs. Eunice Spaulding, (3). Mindwell 
married William Orvis, who died Jan. 
11, 1801, aged 41 years. A slate 
stone marks his resting-place in the 
cemetery, near the meeting-house. 

Hannah married Joseph Nurse ; Ol- 
ive married Henry Cressy ; Obedience 
married Calvin Butler. Five of these 
families resided in school district No. 5 
in 1793. Calvin Butler lived on the 
farm now owned by I. M. Knapp. Wm. 
Orvis lived in a house that stood in the 
northwest corner of ,the " Orvis lot," 
near the place where some twenty old 
apple trees are now standing, west of 
the school-house. Elijah Town, jr., 
built the house and lived on the farm 
now owned by Howard Jones. 

Wranslow Holton remembers well, a 
little incident that occurred at his Uncle 
Elijah's when he was a small boy. He 
went there one day to visit his cousins. 
Young Elijah, his cousin, who was older 
than he, showed him the bees that were 
working busily about the hives. Mr, 
Holton says that the " little devil" gave 
him a piece of board and told him to go 
and scrape off the bees from the hive. 
Instead of scraping off the bees he got 
himself into a scrape that he has never 
forgotten. 

Arad Holton was a farrier and some- 
what peculiar in his manner. When he 
was a young man he broke his leg be- 
low the knee, and wishing to have it set 
by a surgeon in Northfield, rode on 
horseback to that town, had the bone 
set, and returned on horseback next day. 
He always rode on horseback when 
traveling about the country. On one 
occasion he told some men that $300 



DU:\LMER.STON. 



151 



had been offered him for the liorse whieli 
he was riding. They looked much sur- 
prised. After a pause he added that it 
was the amount of four or five offers. 

His Northfiehl friends told him, one 
time, that he was unwise to live up in 
Vermont on land not so productive as 
they had in Northfield. His reply was, 
"You boast of your productive lands, 
but I raised a pumpkin on my farm that 
you could not turn over with a hand- 
spike. They did not believe it till he 
added that it grew under a large root. 

He claimed that he once hauled the 
heaviest load with a single horse of any 
man in Vermont. He explained that it 
was himself and five children, which 
made six vjliole tons, (Hol-tons) the 
large load of which he boasted. 

THE CRESSET .TJTSIV. 

Henry Cressey lived on a farm east 
of the " Lyman Knight place," since 
divided up and sold in separate lots. 
He is known as the man who made the 
'" Cressey jimip." The story goes that 
he was walking alone across a field and 
coming to a brook that was wide and 
deep, he said to himself: " Cressy, I 
will bet you a dollar that you can't jump 
across the brook. "Done," said he, 
and back he went a few paces to get a 
good start. When at full speed he 
bounded like a deer across the brook. 
Elated by his success, he said, " Now, 
Cressey, I will bet you another dollar 
that you can't jump back again. — 
" Agreed," said he, and, starting as be- 
fore, he bounded, and missing a firm 
foothold, fell backwards, splash into the 
brook. Scrambling out of the water, he 
said: " It is a Cressey jump; nothing 
gained, nothing lost," and went on his 
way a wetter if not a wiser man. 

THE OLDEST PERSON 

that is now living in Dummcrston. — 
in 1882 — is Mr. Wranslow Holton. 



aged t)4 years. He was born in this 
town, Jan. 11th, 1788. At that time 
there Avere only thirteen states in the 
the Union, and not as many people as 
now live in the state of New York. 
George Washington had not then been 
chosen President of the United States, 
and did not begin his first term of office 
as President till April 30, 1789, when 
Mr. Holton was more tliaVi a year old. 

Th<mias Holton, his grandfather, came 
from Northfield, Mass., witli his family, 
and settled in this town previous to the 
beginning of the Revolutionary war. 

His journey in quest of a new home 
was made by following up the Connect- 
icut river till he reached •"Canoe brook," 
now called " Murder Hollow brook ;" 
and thence westerly about 2 miles from 
the river, A'here he selected 100 a<-res 
of good land for a farm which he pur- 
chased of the original proprietors. The 
site of the first hotise built on the farm 
is N. E. of the present buildings, east 
of the brook at the foot of the hill. The 
land is now owned by Willard Dodge. 

Arad, married about 1777. and set- 
tled west of the brook, taking one-half 
the farm and his father keeping the 
other half of 50 acres, now called the 
*■ 'Orvis lot, "owned by Mr. Dodge. Arad 
Holton lived on the farm from the time 
of settlement till his death in tlie 8'Jth 
year of his age. 

Wranslow. his son, was born in the 
old house that stood a short distance 
north of the dwelling in which he now 
lives, and which was built since his 
remembrance. Four generutions of the 
Holton family now live in the same 
louse, i'ather, son, grand-daughter, and 
five great grand-children. Tliere was 
13 children in his father's family. Two 
of his half-brothers, Kcuben and Arial, 
lived to be about 94 years of age. 
Otliersin the family died nuu-h younger. 



152 



VERMONT HISTORICAL MAGAZINE 



DVIXG FULL OF YEARS. 

Anna Spiiulfling, wife of Samuel Laughton, rt. 
Jan. 31, 1849, aged, 81 years. 
Mrs. Sarah Xcgus clierl, Jan. 9, 1834, aged, 83. 
Hannah Holton, wife of Joseph Nourse, died, 
Jan. 12, 1842, aged, 86 years. 
Sally Glj-nn Nourse, died. Sep. 11, 1877, aged, 82 
j-ears and 11 months. 

Dea. Daniel Walker, died, June 24 1873, aged, 89 
years, 11 months. 

Nathan Cook died ,Jan. 11, 1837, aged, 82 years. 
John Kilbury d. about 1820, over 90 years old. 
Rinda ( Fuller ) Knapp d. Jan. 18, 1873, ee. Sfi yrs. 
Joseph Dix died, Jan. 24, 1873, aged, 84 j-ears. 
Isaac Reed died, June 23, 18.54, aged, 87 years. 
Lucy Miller died. Aug. 16, 1875, aged, 89, years. 
Joseph Crosby, died Nov. 7, 1861, aged 97 years. 
Rhoda Crosby died, Dec. 24, 1850, aged, 84 yrs. 
John F. Stearns, died, Nov. 25, 1872, aged, 82 yi'S. 
Polly Miller died, Feb. 28, 1834, aged, 85 years. 
Abel Knight, died, Oct. 4,1871,aged, 80 years. 
Lucinda Joy, died, Feb. 21, 1853, aged, 80 years, 
Sally Caryl died. May 8, 1861, aged 85 years. 
Reuben Jones died, Apr. 17, 1875, aged, 92 yrs. 
Dea. David Bennett, d. June, 9, 1847, aged, 87. 
Beulah (Burnham) Miller, d. Aug.28,1877, Ee. 90. 
John Laughtou, died ,FeT). 26, 1799, se. 84 years. 
Betsy Hill died, Jan. 1,1871, aged, 84 years. 
Mary, wf. of Luther Allyn, d. Dec. 27, 1876, se. 82. 
Hadassah Winn, died, Oct. 27, 1855, aged,87. 
Shepherd Gates died, Apr. 8, 1869, aged, 88 yrs. 
Molly Kathan, wife of Elihue Sargeant, died, 
Dec. 18, 1850, aged, 94 years. 

WEST DUAOIERSTON. 

Capt. James Chase died, Jan. 30, 1871, le. 84 yrs. 
James Chase died. May 28, 1844, aged, 93 yrs. 
Polly Chase died Sep. 4, 1860, aged, 83 years, 
'-'nos Leonard died Aug. 10,1866, aged, 82 years. 
Matilda Leonard died, Oct. 15, 1877, aged, 83 yrs. 
Samuel Miller died, Nov. 29, 1855, aged, 83. yrs! 
Sylvia Miller died. May 8, 1866, aged, 88 years. 
John Greenwood died, Jan. 29. 1843, te. SO yrs. 
Ruth Greenwood died, Apr. .5, 1856, aged, 89 yrs. 
Benja. Willard died, Aug. 5, 1874, aged, 86yi-s. 
Lydia Willard died. May 6, 1874, aged, 85 years. 
Betsy Huntley died, Nov. 12, 18?5, aged, 85. yrs. 
Dan'l Belknap died, Aug. 23, 1862, aged, 89 yrs. 
Wm. Robertson died, Oct. 17, 1841, aged, 91 yrs. 
Mary Robertson died. Mar. 15, 1842, aged, 88 yrs. 
Zeraviah Stoddard died, Jan, 22, 1863, jb. 92 yrs. 
Rachel Wilson died, Jan. 1, 1861, aged 82 years. 
David Livermore d. Jan. 28, 1879, aged, 81 yrs. 
Olive Livermore d. Aug. 31, 1875, aged, 84 years. | 



Jacob Prescott, d. Jvily 4, 1876, aged, 93 years. 
Wheaton Wilson, d. Jan. 31 1874, aged, 87 years. 
David Baily d. Mar. 19, 1867, aged, 86 years. 
John Whitney died, Oct. 13, 1849, aged,89 yrs. 
Mary, w. of Tilly Wilder, d. Apr, 15, 1832, a. 8(i. 
Tirzah, w. of Dan'l Goss, d. Apr. 21, 1843, a. 84. 
Sally Wood w. of Enos Goss, Mar. 4, 1865, a. S3. 
Henry Willard died, Aug. 16, 1850, aged, 84 yrs. 
Sarah Gleason died, Oct. 21, 1849, aged, 92 yrs. 
Lydia, w. of Capt' Isaac Burnett, Jan. 1847, a. 88 
Abigail, w. of Seth Hudson, Nov. 10, 1821, a. 81. 
Phineas Pratt, died, June 9, 1831, aged, 90 yrs. 
L. Wm. Leonard, died, Oct. 13, 1828, aged, 93. 
Mrs. Thomas Betterly d., Nov. 26, 1839, aged, 88. 
Thomas Betterly died, June 25, 1836, aged, 85. 
Sebra Knight died, Nov. 8, 1847, aged, 81 j'ears. 
Mrs. Samuel Betterly d., Jan. 15, 1875, aged, 84. 
Capt. Samuel Betterly d., Apr. 1, 1870, aged, 77. 
Lincoln Bixby died, Oct. 17, 1869 aged, 82 years. 
Mrs. Lincoln Bixby d. Mar. 11, 1869, aged, 78. 

PERSONS LIVING IN TOWN —1880. 

Orrin L. Bennett, age, 87; Polly Bemis, 80; 
Sylvester G. Dewey, 81; Mrs. Lydia Estabrook, 
81; Mary Gleason, 81; Mrs. Rebecca Gates, 80. 
Wranslow Holton, 92 ; Mrs. Sophia Haven, 85. 
Jairus Haven, 90; Mrs. Susan Knight, 83; Mrs. 
Rosanna Langhton, 84; Asa Laughton, 83; Mrs. 
Phila Miller, 80; George Nichols, 83; Jacob 
Pierce, 87 ; Mrs. Elanor B. Perry, 81 ; Mrs. 
Anna Stockwell, 85. 

Mrs. Betsey J., wife of Simeon Reed, died. 
Mar. 3, 1881, aged 84. Simeon Reed died, in 1875, 
aged, 78 years. 

SIMEON REED AND WIFE. 

SimeonReed was the son of Mr. John 
Reed one of the first settlers in Putney. 
He removed to that town from Dighton. 
Mass., settled on "West Hill," where 
there was good rocky soil, lived there 
many years, and died, 1840, aged 83. 
Simeon Reed bought the Reuben Smead 
place in this town in 1852, where he 
lived when he died. Mrs. Reed, his 
wife, was the daughter of Capt. Amos 
Joy, of Putney. She was born in that 
town in 1795, and belonged to a lai'ge 
family of children, only two of whom 
are now living — Rev. Amariah Joy of 
Joyfield, Mich, and Thomas Joy of 
Woodstock. Vt. Before her marriage, 



DUMMER8T0N 



153 



Mrs. Reed was a school teacher. She 
taught the school in Dis. No. 1, Dum- 
merston Centre, in the cold summer of 
1816, and has often said in reference to 
the coldness of that season, that at times 
she was obliged to wear a shawl in the 
school-room and get into the sunshine 
to make herself comfortable. 



CHURCH HISTORY. 
CHAPTER II. 

f Continued from page 89. ] 

CONGREGATIONAL CHURCH. 

After the dismission of Mr. Beckley, 
Rev. Eber Child supplied the pulpit 
most of the time until May 19, 1840, 
when 

REV, NELSON BARBOUR. 

was installed. The council for Mr. Bar- 
bour's installation consisted of Rev. Mr. 
"Walker, pastor of the church in East 
Erattleboro, Rev. C. Kidder in West 
Brattleboro, Rev. Calvin R. Bacheldor 
in Westminster East, Rev. Jubilee Well- 
man in Westminster West ,Rev. Horatio 
N. Graves in Townshend, Rev. L. S. 
Colburn in Fayetteville, and Rev. Amos 
Foster in Putney ; Rev. Seth S. Arnold 
moderator ; Rev. C. Kidder, scribe ; 
invocation and reading the Scriptures, 
by Rev. C. R. Bacheldor ; introductory 
prayer. Rev. H. N. Graves ; sermon, 
Rev. Charles Walker ; installing prayer. 
Rev. C. Kidder ; charge to the pastor. 
Rev. S. S. Arnold; right hand of fel- 
ship, Rev. Amos Foster ; address to the 
people. Rev. J. Wellman ; concluding 
prayer, Rev. L. S. Colburn. 

Mr. Barbour's salary was $450, paid 
semi-annually. The amount was raised 
by a tax made on the grand list of each 
member of the church, excepting what 
was obtained from others connected 
with the society. In 1842, a new 
meeting-house was built and the old 
20 



church was taken down. The first 
church was built about the year 1777. 
At the raising, the frame was so heavy 
that the carpenters were obliged to su.s- 
pend operations a few hours until more 
men could be obtained from Putney to 
assist in raising the building. Tlie 
church was not finished for several 
years. At first, it was shingled and t la- 
frame covered with rough boards ; 
planks were used for seats. Meetings 
were held about 2 years before the 
church was organized. Mr. Farrar 
may have preached that length of time 
previous to his installation in 1770. 

During Mr. Barbour's ministry, 22 
persons joined the church by profession 
and 15 by letter. He was dismissed 
Apr. 6, 1846. The council for that 
pui-pose consisted of Rev. H. X. Graves 
of Townshend, Rev. Alfred Stevens of 
Westminster West, Rev. Darwin Adam 
of Fayetteville, and Rev. Amos Foster 
of Putney. He died in Georgia, Vt. 
July 31, 1867, aged 60 years, 9 months, 
23 days. He was born in Bridport, Vt., 
Oct. 8, 1805, son of James and Dorcas 
D. Barbour ; graduated at Middlebury, 
1831, at Andover 1834 ; for a year, he 
was agent of the American Sunday 
School Union ; but near the close of 
1835, commenced preaching in Saxton's 
River village, and was ordained pastor 
of the Congregational chift-ch in that 
place Dec. 15, 1836. Rev. Henry B. 
Homer of Springfield preached the ser- 
mon. His pastorate at Saxton's River 
was quite successful. A house of wor- 
ship was built, a great revival took 
place, and the membership of the duirch 
was nearly doubled. He was dismissed 
Sept. 26, 1839. 

He was installed pastor of the church 
in Dummerston, May 10, 1840. Rev. 
Charles Walker of Brattleboro preach- 
ed the sermon. A house of worship 



154 



VERMONT HISTORICAL MAGAZINE. 



was built during nis pcastorate and fif- 
teen or more conversions took place. 

He was dismissed Apr. 6, 1846. 

After leaving Dummerston in 1846, 
he became agent of the Protestant So- 
ciety, in which service he continued 3 
years. From March 1849 to March 
1852, he was acting pastor in Langdon, 
N. H. ; installed in Wolfboro, June 16, 
'52, Rev. B. P. Stone, D. D., prea< h- 
ing the sermon ; dismissed Nov. 27, '54 ; 
from Mar. 1856 to Dec. 1858, acting 
pastor in Cummington, Mass. ; for a 
year or more, preached in Jamaica, Vt. ; 
early in 1861, became acting pastor in 
Sullivan, N. H., for nearly 3 years; 
1st, Sabbath Oct. 1866, preached at 
West Fairlee, Vt. ; Nov. 1866, began 
preaching in Georgia, and there con- 
tinued till his death, preceded by a sick- 
ness of only a few days, after 33 years 
of ministerial service. He was a sound, 
earnest, self-denying home missionary, 
sometimes blunt, yet gentle to all. He 
loved music, loved Christ, and all good 
men. He married, 1st, Aug. 24, 1835, 
Laura Ripley of Middlebury, who died 
May 8, 1846, aged 41 years ; 2d, Apr. 
25, 1849, RuthDunkleeof Brattleboro, 
who died Oct. 29, 1854, aged 38years ; 
3d, Oct. 15, 1855, Mary Willard of 
Rockingham. 

REV. pENJAMIN F. FOSTER 

was the fifth settled minister of this 
church ; was born in Hanover, N. H., 
June 16, 1803, and was the son of 
Richard and Esther (Jewell) Foster. 
He was early consecrated to God by his 
pious parents, and his youth was marked 
by a conscientious regard for everything 
of good report. One who knew him 
from childhood, says: "He was an 
honest child, and an honest youth." 
Those who knew him in manhood can 
say he was an honest man. He learned 



the trade of a tanner which occupation 
he felt it his duty to leave after his con- 
version, at the age of seventeen and en- 
tered upon a course of study with the 
ministry in view. 

He united the same year with the 
Congregational church in Hanover, N. 
H., under the pastorate of Rev. Josiah 
Towne. 

He fitted for college at Kimball Union 
Academy, Meriden, N. H., and was 
graduated at Amherst in the class of 
1829 ; after which he studied theology 
with the Rev. Silas McKeen, D. D., of 
Bradford, and was licensed at Post 
Mills, Vt.,Aug. 2, 1831, by the Orange 
Association. 

For a few months, he preached in 
Waterford afterwards in Amoskeag-, 
(no-\^ Manchester) N. H., and was 
ordained there as an evangelist in Mar. 
1832. The Rev. Edward L. Parker of 
Londonderry preached the sermon. 

He was installed Nov. 13, 1833, 
pastor of the Congregational church in 
Salisbury. The Rev. N. Bouton, D. 
D,, of Concord preached the sermon. 
During his ministry at Salisbury there 
occurred several seasons of special reli- 
gious interest, the most marked in the 
winter of 1842-43, when he admitted to 
the church forty by profession and forty 
by letter. He was dismissed July 23, 
1846, on account of ill health, and in- 
stalled at Dummerston Sept. 30, 1846. 
The Rev. Amos Foster, his brother, 
preached the sermon. 

After a pastorate of more than 21 
years, he was dismissed Dec. 18, 1867, 
by the same council that installed his 
successor, he having been unable to 
preach only occasionally for more than 
a year, previous. During his ministry 
fifty four joined the church by profession 
and twenty-three by letter. 




^- ^. ^- ?.^^, 



J 



DUMMERSTOX. 



liio 



Mr. Foster was a hard-workiug. earn- 
•est, faithful preacher and pastor. His 
sermons were plain, dii-ect mid instruc- 
tive ; and it was evident to his hearers 
that he sought only to do them gogd by 
liis preaching. 

He was interested in all movements 
for the good of the community, and 
especially in schools. He was for many 
years superintendent of scliools in Dum- 
merston, and when suffering much was 
faithful to that trust. His health was 
always poor ; rarely was he free from 
pain. Hence he was often greatly 
depressed under the cares of the minis- 
try. Yet there was a vein of cheerful- 
ness in his constitution that made him 
always companionable, his presence 
desirable, and his home a welcome place 
to friends. He was, however, constitu- 
tionally desponding, and always thought 
little of himself and his attainments, 
while esteemed by his brethren in the 
ministry as an able divine and good 
critic. 

He loved revivals, and labored earn- 
estly to promote them, and mourned 
that he had not been able to win more 
souls to Christ. He died Nov. 2, 18G8, 
aged Ho years, trusting in the Saviour 
he had preached, as he had preached 
him for 37 years. Rev. A. Stevens of 
Westminster West, preached the funeral 
sermon, taking for his text Eph. 2: 8. 

Mr. Foster married Apr. 19, 1832, 
Ruth Hovey Kimball, of Hopkinton, N. 
H., who died June 3, 1845, aged 38 
years ; by whom he had o children. 

Edward Cornelius, b. Jan. 17, 183-i, 
d. Mar. 31, 1876. 

Benjamin, b. Sept. 11 , 1836, d. Sept. 
28, 1836. 

Frederick Webster, b. Sept. 10, 1837, 
d. July 16, 1838. 

William Henry, b. Julyl.3, 1830 ; 



Ellen, b. Apr. 0, 1841. d.Oct.'J, isil. 
In Aug. 1846, he married Mrs. Marv 
Perry of Manchester, N. H., now liv- 
ing, (1879) by whom he had Nellie F. 
born in May 1847, His oldest and 
youngest sons were soldiers in the army 
of the Union ; the former, 

EDWARD C. FOSTER, 

being connected at different times with 
three Wisconsin regiments, and the lat- 
ter, William H. being for three years a 
member of Co. C. 3d Vt. Regiment. 

KEV. AUGUSTUS CHANDLER 

was installed pastor, Dec. 18,1867; 
sermon by the Rev. Nathaniel Mighill 
of Brattleboro, Vt. He was the 
sixth pastor of this church and was 
installed the same day that his prede- 
cessor, Rev. Mr. Foster, was dismiss- 
ed, Aug. 24, 1870. He was born in 
Woodstock, Ct.,Dec. 1, 1830, and was 
the youngest of nine brothers, all of 
whom grew to manhood and assumed 
prominent places in life. Two others 
ai'e clergymen. He took his collegiate 
couise at Williams college and was 
graduated at Andover Theo. Sem. ,1859; 
ordained and pastor at Saxton's River 
1 year ; m. Lucy I. Lord, 1860 ; from 
1860, about three years preached in 
Lempster, N. H. ; often at Strafford. 
Vt., about 3 years, and was settled over 
the church in Dummerston iu 1867, but 
after a year and a half was obliged by 
failing heaUh to discontinue the minis- 
try but followed the occupation of book- 
agent until, in the spring of 1875, when 
he became proprietor of tlie Record and 
and Farmer, where his rare working 
powers, and ability as a writer, gave hi,s 
journal a reputation not often achieved 
by country journals. Mr. Chandler was 
an energetic promoter of tempi'rance 
principles, and gave many of his best 
ellorts in favor of stringent liquor laws 



156 



VERMONT HISTORICAL MAGAZINE. 



and their enforcement, even to the sac- 
rifice of that business gain which all 
men seek. In private life, he was a 
good citizen, a kind husband and indul- 
o-ent father ; a wife and three children 
survive him." 

We are indebted to , , The Vermont 
Record " for this account of the Rev. 
Mr. Chandler, condensed, mostly, from 
an obituary in that paper soon afler his 
death. 

He resigned his- charge in this town 
July 10, 1869, and 

REV. LEVI G. CHASE 

preached during the remainder of the 
year. He completed his studies at An- 
dover during the winter and spring and 
received a call to become the pastor of 
this church June 24, 1870 ; was ordain- 
ed Aug. 24, same year. He was a 
faithful minister, a good preacher, and 
labored zealously for the welfare of the 
church during the 7 years, till failing 
health compelled him to resign the pas- 
torate, Sept. 10, 1877 ; much to the 
regret of his people. The acceptance of 
his resignation was delayed more than 
a year, his congregation hoping by rest 
he might regain his health, but their 
expectation failing, he was dismissed 
Mar. 5, 1879. 

REV. HENRY HARDEN 

of New Boston, N. H., became acting 
pastor during the winter of 1877 '78. 
He had been a missionaray at Aintab, 
Turkey about 6 years, for the Missions, 
till the death of his wife in Aaintab, 
when he returned to New Boston with 
his two small children. While preach- 
ing in Dummerston, he was again re- 
quested by the Board to resume his work 
in Turkey, and with his family, sailed 
from New York, Oct. 19, 1878, arrived 
at Marden, Turkey, Dec. 7th. His 
present field of labor is in Turkey. 



REV. JOSIAH MERRILL. 

succeeded Rev. Mr. Marden as acting 
pastor, Jan. 24, 1880. He was born 
in Otisfield, Me., Jan. 13, 1819, son of 
Rev.* Josiah G. Merrill, then pastor of 
the Congregational church in that place. 
He united with the church at Cape Eliz- 
abeth, Me. ; fitted for college partly at 
the academy at North Bridgton, partly 
at Gorhara academy. Me. ; graduated 
at Dartmouth in 1841 ; studied theology 
at Andover and Bangor ; graduated in 
1844 ; preached about 8 mos. at Rock- 
ville, Ct., abt. 18 mos. at Eastport,Me., 
ordained over White River church, Vt., 
Mar. 1 1848, Rev. Dr. Haddock, Dart- 
mouth college, preaching the sermon. 
He was settled over the church at Wis- 
casset. Me., in July 1057; sermon by 
Rev. Henry D. Moore of Portland. 
From the autumn of 1867 to the spring 
of 1877, he resided at Cambridge, Mass. 
and supplied during all that time a 
church at South Franklin, Mass. He 
was pastor of the church in Dummers- 
ton nearly 4 years and became pastor of 
the church in Troy, N. H., Nov. 1, 
1883. He was a very acceptable pastor 
during his stay in Dummerston, and the 
people regretted very much that he 
should deem it necessary to resign and 
accept a n^^w field of labor. Mr. Merrill 
had no family while here, his wife hav- 
ing died some years ago. He married 
Miss Philomedia Henrietta Converse, of 
Portland, Me., Aug. 23, 1848 ; children : 
Henrietta A., b. July 2, 1849, d. aged 
6 years ; Caroline Adelaide, b. Mar. 9, 
1851, m. Rev. Fred Lyman Allen, of 
Walpole, N. H. ; Henry F., b. June 
15, 1853, now in the revenue service at 
Shanghai, China; James C, b. Jan. 
15, 1856, now in business at Chicago ; 
Frederick J., b. Feb 22, 1859, now in 
Kansas ; Helen Isadore, b. Apr. 5, 1860, 
m. Lawrence Mayo, of Boston ; Ida A. 



DUMMER8T0N. 



157 



h. Jan. 5, 1865, a graduate in 1883 
from the Framingham State Normal 
school. 

THE PARSONAGE. 

Rev. Joseph Farrar occupied the 
house, during his residence in town, 
where the Rev. Aaron Crosby lived on 
the Dr. Walker place. The house be- 
longing or standing on the minister's lot. 
In 1789, the town vpted to have a well 
dug on the town lot within 3 rods of the 
house in the most convenient place, and 
Abel Butler dug the well for §50 hard 
money. Rev. Mr. Crosby built in 17'JG, 
a well-curb, or more properly, a well- 
house with windows in it, for which he 
asked the town to pay ; but the town 
refused to pay for it. This well is on 
the place now owned by Dea. R. P. 
Pratt. Rev. Hosea Beckley had for a 
residence the house now called the "Ran- 
dall place," which then stood a few rods 
north of its present site. It was moved 
to its present location by Asa Button 
and used for a time as a store. Its 
former site was used for a situation on 
which to build a new house for Rev. 
Nelson Barbour, and which Rev. B. F. 
Foster afterwards purchased for a home- 
stead. The Randall house first stood 
on the hill near Clark Bacon's, and a 
blacksmith, Ebenezer Wait, lived there. 
The buildings are on the south side 
of the common. In 1793, Enoch Cook 
was hired by the town to remove the 
fence on the old burying-ground south 
side of the common, and lay out the 
land into house lots and sell the same at 
,, Public Vendue.' Probably the build- 
ings thereon were built not long after 
they were sold at auction. 

POT-HOUSE AND PEARL-ASH. 

In 1796, David Leavitt got a vote of 
the town to let him "set up his pot- 
house on the east side of the common 



on the same conditions that Simeon 
Colby built his pearl ash and slied 
works in 1791. 

REV. ALVIN I). FRENCH. 

" Rev. Alvin Dancan French died in 
Denmark, Iowa, Oct. 25, 1866, aged 
52. He was born in Dummerston, a 
son of Ephraim and Priscilla (Duncan) 
French, and was nearly self-educated 
though he spent several terms at Rrat- 
tleboro Academy, and during a part of 
the year 1836, was a student in the 
Teachers Seminary at Andover, Mass. 
in the fall of 1837, he went to Borden- 
town, N. J., opened a select school and 
conducted it very successfully nearly -4 
years ; then a similar school in Jackson, 
Miss., for 18 months. Wiiile a teacher 
he pursued classical and theological 
studies, and in June 1842, was licensed 
to preach by the Susquehanna River, 
(Pa.) Association, thence to August 
1843, was acting pastor of the Congre- 
gational churches in Jackson and New 
Milford, Pa. and in connection with his 
labors, an interesting revival occurred 
inMilford : Receiving a call to Centre 
Lisle, N. Y., he commenced preaching 
there Apr. 1, 1843 ; was ordained pas- 
tor, June 4, 1844, and during his min- 
istry there, a church was built and 
several revivals took place ; at his own 
request he was dismissed Dec. 1, 1855, 
to go West in the service of the Amer- 
ican Home Missionary society ; he went 
to Eddyville, Iowa, early in January, 
1856 ; was installed pastor, Oct. 8, 
1858 ; two powerful revivals occurred 
rduing his ministry. He remained till 
failing health compelled him to discon- 
tinue preaching. He married Sept. 25, 
1837, Caroline A. Clark, a native of 
Dummerston,", daughter of Amasa 
Clark. 

••P. II. W." in ••The Ver- 
mont Record," Dec. 19,1X66. 



158 



VERMONT HISTORICAL MAGAZINE. 



The old well on the common 
The old well in the north-east corner 
of the common that supplies four fam- 
ilies with water constantly, also, the 
church-going people once a week with 
clear, cold, sparkling water fresh from 
■" the moss-covered, iron-bound bucket 
that rose from the well," is the one dug 
by Eben Ash in 1801. 

THE OLD POUND. 

The old pound wall near the ledges, 
west of the common, a part of which is 
now standing, was built for the town by 
Benjamin Alvord in the fall of 1796, for 
$36. The size of the wall was 4 feet 
at the base, 2 feet at the top, 6 ft. high, 
perpendicular inside, and 2 rods clear 
inside. Mr, Alvord was "not to go, 
for the stones, over 4 rods west from 
the top of the ledge, west of the pound 
spot, and as far north as the old pound," 
The old pound built of round poles was 
located at the foot of the ledge west of 
the meeting-house. 

THE OLD NOYES & HAYES STORE 

occupied by the firm of Noyes & Hayes, 
afterwards by Noyes & Birchard, and 
now used for a dwelling-house and shoe- 
maker's shop, was built by Simeon 
Colby for a store, and stood on the north 
side of the old meeting-house, west of 
the road. The town gave him permis- 
sion to build the store and where to 
locateit, Sepr.6,1791. Mar. 16,1795, 
the town voted to have Jason Dui.can 
move the store to its present site, and 
the town was to receive $5 a year, rent 
for the ground on which it stands so 
long as the buildiugwas used for a store. 
We have seen a few notes and receipts 
that were connected wi<;h the business 
here between the years 1812 and 1817. 
A promissory note given to the firm of 
Noyes & Mann, dated" Brattleborough 
July 23, 1813." Two other notes, each 



given to the firm of Noyes & Hayes, 
dated in Diimmerston, one June 26, 
1816, the other March 6, 1817. A 
receipt for goods purchased at the store 
of " Noyes & Birchard " in Dummers- 
ton, dated April 29, 1818. These pa- 
ers help confirm the statement, about 
the time when these parties were in 
trade here in Dummerston, and that 
John Noyes remained in town for a- 
while after the dissolution of the firm, 
Noyes & Hayes, in 1817. The receipt 
given by Noyes & Birchard reads as 
follows : 

2 qts St. Rum (Saint Croix,) - .75 
1-4 lb. Tobacco, - - - .19 
1-4 lb. H. T. [Hyson Skin] Tea, .23 

$1.17 
NoYEs & Birchard. 
By R. Birchard. 

" Sir : we shall have Bohea Tea, N. 
E. Rum and fish in a week." 

The statement has been made that 
Noyes, Mann & Hayes were in trade in 
this town in 1812. To confirm the 
statement, we copy a note. 

"Dummerston, Mar. 9, 1812. 

For value Rec'd. of Noyes, Mann & 
_Iayes We jointly and severally promise 
to pay them or their order fifty-six 
Dollars upon demand with interest. 

Witness our hands, Samuel Dutton, 
Asa Dutton." 

For 1817, we find the following re- 
ceipts : 

Dummerston, Aug. 20, 1817. 
Mr. Sargeant Bot of Noyes & Birchard, 
1 1-2 gal. W. I. Rum, a 8 cts., $2.00 
1 lb. Brown Sugar, a 17 cts., - .17 
1-2 lb. Loaf Su^ar, - - .16 



Charg-ed to Mi 



$2.33 
, Samuel Dutton, Jr. 
Noyes & Birchard. 



DUMMERSTON. 



159 



In all these old recoipts the expense 
for rum generally exceeds that for gro- 
ceries. [ And the receipt looks a little 
supicious that the gi'oceries were used 
to sweeteen the rum. Ed.] 

RUTHERFORD HAYES. 

[Written during the presidential campaign 
1S76, by tlie Dummerston correspondent of the 
"Vermont Phoenix.] 

William Miller, a life long resident of 
Dummerston, now living (1876) at the 
age of 87 years, Avas well acquainted 
with Rutherford Hayes, father of Gov- 
ernor Hayes who became and now is 
[1879] president of the United States. 
Mr. Hayes was a member of the firm, 
Noyes & Hayes, and Mr. Miller often 
traded at their store in this town. He 
now uses a very good razor which he 
bought of Mr. Hayes in 1814. 

During the autumn of 1812, or about 
a year before the marriage of Mr. Hayes 
to Miss Birchard of Wilmington, a 
pleasing incident happened to him it 
may not be amiss here to relate. Jacob 
Laughton, grandfather of Austin Laugh- 
ton who now lives on the same farm 
owned by his grandfather, then, lived 
in the old house which was burned to 
the ground some twenty years ago, near 
the site of the new house. His family 
had a quilting party at which the ladies 
were invited to be present in the after- 
noon and the gentlemen in the evening. 
Among the latter was Rutherford Hayes. 

When the evening's amusement had 
ended, the gentlemen were expected to 
escort the ladies home. Mr. Hayes 
being a young man of good character 
and position, was a very desirable escort 
for the ladies. But the most expectant 
ones for his company home, wei-e 
doomed to be disappointed ; for he made 
no choice among the anxious ones, but 
selected a very respectable, quiet appear- 
ing young lady, who had not the least 



thought of receiviag an invitation from 
him. The night was very dark. It 
was about one mile to the lady's home. 

Wlun Mr. Hayes and his lady left 
the company amidst the frowning of 
the disappointed, they passed through 
the cast door, supposing they could walk 
directly to the road. Much to their 
surprise, after walking a few feet, they 
stepped directly off a wharfing, three or 
four feet high, and fell plump into a 
mud-hole where the family were accus- 
tomed to throw waste-water. Neither 
of them were much hurt, but the lady's 
white dress was very much soiled. Mr. 
Hayes was exceedingly eml)arras8cd for 
fear that Miss Farr, [for that was the 
young lady's name], would think he 
had blundered on purpose ; but he apol- 
ogized for their mishap and assured 
Miss Farr that he was entirely ignorant 
of the situation and supposed the path 
led directly to the road. Fortunately 
no one observed them and they reached 
home without further misfortune." 

When Mr. Hayes was married to 
Miss Birchard, he, first, lived for a 
short time, in the red house, afterwards 
owned and occupied many years by 
Benjamin Estabrook whose first wife 
was the Miss Farr mentioned. From 
that house he moved into the large two- 
story residence now occupied by Mrs. 
Asa Knight, south of the common and 
very near to the store where the firm, 
Noyes, Mann & Hayes were doing busi- 
ness. When the firm dissolved partuer 
ship, the profits of the last year in trade 
were S3000, which was shared equally 
among the partners. 

John Noyes, a member of tlie firm, 

m. Polly Hayes, sister of Rutherford 

Hayes. Names of children recorded : 

Harriet Hayes, born July ."», 1M17 ; 

Charlotte Augusta. iH.ni March ->. 

1810. 



160 



VERMONT HISTORICAL MAGAZINE. 



Mr. Hayes was called at that time 
one of the richest men in Windham 
county. He moved to Putney from this 
town, about 1819, where he died in 
1841, October 26, aged 78 years. A 
daughter of his was married to Larkin 
G. Mead, Esq., of Brattleboro, and 
thus his son, Larkin G. Mead, the 
sculptor is a distant relative of Presi- 
dent Hayes. 

When the father of President Hayes 
left Dummerston in 1817, and went to 
Ohio to seek a home there for himself 
and family, he left his wife and children 
with the family of Mr. Noyes in whose 
residence Mr. Hayes and family lived. 
Mrs. Hayes was very much opposed 
to her husband's going West and could 
not be persuaded to remain long in the 
family of Mr. Noyes, but moved into a 
small building which then stood just 
east of the store where she and her 
children remained till her husband re- 
turned and took them to their Western 
home in Delaware, Ohio. The build- 
ing which she occupied for a time, was 
afterwards removed to a site opposite 
William Miller's, and used for many 
years as a work-shop by J. E. Worden. 
Sardis Birchard, the wealthy uncle 
of President Hays was once a clerk in 
the store for Noyes & Hayes ; and while 
visiting his relations in Fayetteville in 
1871, he called with his brother Hon. 



Austin Birchard and examined the long 
two-story, red building where he began 
his career as a clerk. The other brother, 
Roger Birchard, was, also, at one time 
a clerk for the same firm. 

When President Hawses and his fam- 
ily came to Vermont and visited his 
uncle at Fayetteville Aug. 17, 1877, the 
following interesting reminiscences were 
printed in the Boston Journal of Au^ 
18, 1877. 



' ' In the town of Dummerston upon 
a plateau which commands a charming 
view of the fertile valley, are several 
interesting mementoes of the Birchard 
and Hayes families. 

On the south side of the common 
connected with a large, modern wooden 
structure, stands the little store in which 
Rutherford Hayes, father of the Presi- 
dent, first embarked in business as a 
member of the firm of Noyes, Mann and 
Hayes. The partners came from West 
Brattleboro and set up a country store, 
where they continued to do business for 
several years. The firm dissolved, and 
John Noyes and Rutherford Hayes uni- 
ted their fortunes and opened a store in 
a large two-story building, painted red, 
which still stands on the east side of the 
green, and is now occupied by a vener- 
able cordwainer. A portion of the sec- 
ond story was fitted up as a ball-room, 
and here in ye olden time the rustic 
belles and beaus w^ere wont to tip a light 
fantastic toe to the music of the violin. 
The ceiling, from which great patches 
of plaster have fallen, is arched, and 
along the sides of the hall are per- 
manent slats, innocent of paint, which 
have grown brown with age. The place 
is destitute of ornament or furniture, 
contains a spinning-wheel and several 
old chests and trunks. In this building 
Mr. Hayes carried on business between 
the years 1812 and 1817. The kitchen 
and porch of the house, now owned and 
occupied by Mrs. Asa Knight,were built 
by Mr. Hayes a)id are still in a good 
degree of preservation. One of his 
children, a son, bom in this house was 
drowned while skating on the Ohio river 
a few years after the family emigrated 
to Ohio." 

It was a little singular, that while 
these facts were being obtained at the 
house of Mrs. Knight, the photograph 



DUMMER8T0N. 



ir.i 



•of Miss ]\Iary Bircliard, the cousiu of 
President Hay«s, who fell a victim to 
the Asht-abula disaster, should be pres- 
ented. Traditions illustraiive of the 
character of the father of the President 
Avlio is pronounced a very " set" man 
Avho had to be convinced that a thing 
was right before he would do it are rite 
<imong the older residents, and to these 
the visit of the son, with honor crowned 
has an added interest." 

JOXAS MAXK. 

who was in trade with Noyes and 
Hayes, married Mary Negus, daughter 
of Joseph Negus who married Rosanna 
Miller, sister oi" John B. Miller's father. 
A daughter of Gen. Mann's married 
Col. Wm. L. Marcy of New York, sec- 
retary ()f war under Polk's administra- 
ion. Secretary Marcy's daughter was 
married to Gen. George B. McClellan 
making him a distant connect iow of the 
Miller family m this town, 
BIOGRPAPHY 

AND FAMILY MEMORIAL PAPERS 
OF SETTLERS BEFORE 1800, CONCLUDED. 
DR. THOMAS AMSDEN. 

\_Contmui'd from page 95,'] 

The following information, showing 
Dr. Amsden's line of ancestry from the 
first emigrant ancestor down to his own 
family, has been furnished to the writer 
by W. U. Amsden, of Lebanon. N. H., 
while this history was in press : 

Isaac Amsden came from England 
to America about 1654. He married 
Frances Perriman at Cambridge. Mass. 
June 8, 1654. They had two children, 
Isaac and Jacob. Isaac married Jane 
Putter, of Sudbury, at Cambridge, May 
17, 1G77. They had six children. 
Abraham, the youngest, born Oct. 15, 
1692, married Hannali Newton, of 
Marlboro, Mass., Nov. 29, 1*22. They 
had six children. Jacob, the third child, 
21 



was lx)rn May 28, 1728, and married 

Mary , who died at Diunnu-rstou 

(?) iti 1797. Their cliildr«'H were 
Thomas, the subject of this sketch, Ijurn 
in Petersham, June 12, 1752, niurried 
Patience, dan. of Capt. Isaac Millar, in 
1773; Bczaleel, Jacob, and Joel. 

Dr. Thomas Amsden was a resident 
of Dummerston during Revoluticjnarv 
times. He removed with iiis family to 
Dana, ^lass., where he died in IKJI. 
He was chosen with Capt. Leonard 
Spaulding to represent the town at the 
Legislature in 1 778. 

His children were : Jacob, born June 
1, 1774, married Lydia R'ce ; Polly, 
m. Joseph Smith ; Lovisa, ra. Mr. 
Elliot ; Martha, m. Reuben Holton, o/ 
Dummerston; Justin; Lewis M., m. 
Sophia D. Wellington ; Lyman fell over- 
board from the frigate Constitution ; 
Roxanna, called Rosina, m. Bi-njamin 
Chamberlin, of Dummerston ; Amory, 
m. Mary Ormsby ; Fanny, m. '• a Bos- 
ton man ;" Azubah, m. Dea. Wood, of 
Brattleboro ; Ira ; Reuben and Mj^rtha 
Holton lived, for a time, in the old toll- 
bridge house at "West Dummerston. 
where she died. His daughti-r, Fanny, 
married Luther Thayer, and Martha, 
her sister, married Alvin Alexander. 
Benjamin and Roxanna (Ams<len) 
Chamberlin lived where Fred Crosby 
now resides, and their daughter. Ro- 
sina. taught school in this town. 



SAMl'EL WAKEFIELP 

removed from Newfanc to thi.- 
1784. He married Olive - 
was a resident of Guilford 



town m 
— , aiid 
1 177r,. 



where Samuel. Jr.. was 1 
1776, and m. I-Vb. 11. 17'.iS. 
Belknap of Dummerston. 

Thomas, son of Samuel, b. in 
Obediah, 1781, and Polly, b. 
were natives of Newfane. 



Oct. 



Sibvl 



1779. 
1 TH.-l. 



162 



VERMONT HISTORICAL MApAZINE. 



Olive was born in Dummerston, m 
1785, Benoni,in 1788, and by a 2d wife, 
Joseph, in 1790, Elizabeth, in 1792, 
and Lyman, in 1798. 

Olive, the wife of Samuel Wakefield 
ffied, 1788. 

Mr. Wakefield was a resident in the 
Hague, and firrst bought land of Dan- 
iel Taylor, and afterward made sales of 
land to Seth Briggs, Jesse Manley, and 
John Whitney. 

Mr. Whitney was neighbor to Mr. 
Wakefield, and his son, John Whit- 
ney Jr., married Sarah Content Wil- 
son, May 28, 1839. 

DEA. THADDEUS THAYEK 

man-ied Rhobee Titus [ ?] of Chester- 
field, N. H., and had a family of 12 
children. Adin, the eldest, born Jan. 
29, 1785, ra. Mary Ball ; Otis, Rhobee, 
no record of marriage ; Lewis married 
Lucine, dan. of Vespasian Miller, 2d, 
Thaddeus ; Jonathan m. Sally, dau. of 
Asa Button, Oct. 1816; Ebenezer ; 
Luther, married 1st, Fanny Holton, 2d, 
Polly Pierce ; Martha ; Lydia, married 
Frazier Campbell, of Westminster, Jan. 
4, 1827 ; Hannah, m. Frederic Porter \ 
Betsey. 

Rhobee, wife of Dea. Thayer, died 
Oct. 24, 1817, aged 58. 

The children of Jonathan and Sally 
Thayer were Asa, Stephen, Otis, Lor- 
enzo D.. Jonathan, Sarah A., Samuel 
C, Martha A., Sarah C, 2d. 

The children of Luther and Fanny 
were Henry W., Charles H., and 
Fanny E. 

JOHN FLARIDA 

and family. The -lame is now written 
Florida. John Flarida, Sen. died Nov. 
11, 1785, aged 35 His widow. Silence 
Flarida, married William Winn, Oct. 
3, 1817, aged 63. 



John and Silence Flarida came to this: 
town from Shrewsbury, Mass. It is; 
not known how long he had been a res- 
ident Avhen he bought a farm in the 
northeast part of the town, containing; 
58 acres for $1400. 

Their children were: John Jr., b. 
Dec. 5, 1775;, d. M.r. 11,1811 ; James 
m. Arathusa Moore, Apr. 2, 1803 ; 
Sarah % Per»is ; Betsey, m.. Jonas Clark ; 
Ezra, ni. Catharine Clark ; Joel. 

The children of Ezra and Catharine 
Flarida were : Henrietta, Joel, Cath- 
arine, George, Augusta, and Adaline, 
who married, 1st, George Norcross, of 
Chesterfield, N. H., 2d, Alexander 
Rockwell. Henrietta married Warrers 
Bingham ; Cathariiie, m. Reed Paine ; 
Augusta, m. E. W. Hildreth. 

BENJAMIN WHITNEY. 

was in town before 1 781 . His daughter 
Esther, married Washington Burnham,, 
Apr. 21 , 179£>. Their daughter, Polly, 
married, 1st, James Sargeant, Jan. 18, 
1817, who lived several years on the 
farm now owned by Lewis H. Lynde, 
and 2d, Williani Bemis. 

Washington Burnham was drowned 
iind his widow married a second time 
and removed from town. She had two 
sisters Sally and Polly. Sally m. 1st, 
Wm. Kelley, Feb. 14, 1802 ; 2d, Wm. 
Crosby, Feb. 9, 1810. Polly m. 1st, 
Elijah W. Stearns, May 1, 1807 ; 2d, 
Nathan Adams. 

Henry Whitney, who married Fanny 
Miller, was a nephew of Benjamin. Of 
their children, Betsy, b')rn about 1802, 
m. Noble Holton, Jan. 24, 1821. Their 
children were Betsey, b. Feb. 6, 1822, 
Noble, b. May 22, 1823, Marion, b. 
Nov. 10, 1824, Sarah, b. Apr. 21, 
1835 ; Lydia, m. Jerry Perry of Put- 
ney, Oct. 23, 1828 ; Fanny, married 
Worden Babcock, June 15, 1829 ; Mary 



DUMMERSTON, 



1C3 



(Dolly) m. Wm. Rice; Hannah mar. 
a Pljmpton The other chiMreu of" 
Henry Whitney were Maria, Catharine 
Freedom, Lucy, "William, Henry, and 
Charles. A daughter of Mr. Worden 
Babcock married P{-rter Spencer of 
Brattleboro. 

BENJAMIN HADLEY. 

Resided in the south part of the town 
near Joshua Wilder's and bought his 
farm of Wilder Rice, his deed being dated 
Feb. 12, 1791. He married Abigail 
Spauldingof Brattleboro. Their children 
were ; 

Rufus b, Feb. 9, 1797 m. Joanna, 
dau. of Joseph Bemis. 

Lucinda, b. Apr. 21, 1798, married 
Daniel Attridge ; 

Benjamin, Jr., b. Mar. 3, 1800, m. 
Betsey, dau. of Joshua Bemis ; 

Sybil, b. July 31, 1802, died unmar- 
ried, aged 25 years. 

Elvira, b. Jan. 14, 1807, m. William 
Barrett. 

Wilson, b. Sept. 19, 1809, m. Olive 
Bryant ; 

LeAvis, b. Jan. 1816, m. Maria T. 
W^hipple. 

Benjamin Hadle}', sen., died ia 1833, 
aged 64. 

The children of Rufus were Laurilla 
J., Edward, Charles, Laura Ann, 
Horace, Warren, and Evaline. Lewis 
Hadley resides on the parental farm. 

Ebenezer Hadley , brother to Benjamin, 
m. Jemima. He bought a farm of 
Joshua Bemis in 1787 ; children : Eben- 
ezer, Jr., b. in Brattleboro, Mar. 2, 
1782, m. Sibyl Bemis, Oct. 6, 1814. 

Jonathan, b. in Dummerston, June 
3, 1784 ; Levi, 1786 ; Benjamin, 1788: 

Jacob Hadley, m. Molly Rice. Nov. 
20, 1788. 



Samuel Hadley, ra. Betjsey Wilder, 
Feb. 19, 1801. 

ASA WIIITh^ 

lived near the Joseph Temple place. 
He married Nov. 27, 1791, Martha 
How, and both came from Wardsboro. 
Their children were Annis, Joanna. 
Ebenezer. Asa, John, and Isaac. Anni.s 
married Justus Scott, of Westmoreland. 
N. H., and removed to that town where 
her husband tended for several years 
what is now called Putney lower ferry. 
The parents of Mrs. White were 
Benjamin and Zerviah How. Their 
children were Sarah, b. May 16, 176G ; 
Lydia, Zerviah, Alice, James, Molly. 
Patty (Martha), Daniel, and Betty. 

LEVI CARYL 

Married Lucy Alvord, May 26. 1791. 

Children; Betty, C. Dec. 9, 1791: 
Levi, 1794 d. infant; Levi, Aug. 8. 
1798, m. Betsey Bemis, Aug. 17, 1817. 
had Charles, Lucy Jane. Horace and 
Mary; Eli, b. June 17, 1800; Asa. 
1802 ; Syrene, 1803 ; Rebecca, 1805. 
Lucy Jane, m. Benjamin Ripley, Nov. 
6, 1825 

ABIJAH CAUYL 

married Anna Warriner, Aug. 27 1792, 
Children: Polly, born Nov. 6. 1793, 
Moses, Apr. 20, 1795 ; Lydia. Jan. 24. 
1797; Sally, May 4, 1799; Charlotte. 
June 13, 1801 ; Orin, 1803; Willard. 
1807 ; Melvina, 1811. Sally, m. Animi 
Fletcher of Westford, Mass., Mar. 5 
1818. 

ASA CAUYL. 

brother of Abija'i, had Asa, Jr., who 
m. Submit Pierce, Jan. 4, 1816. He 
d. Jan. 22, 1830. Asa Sen. d. Jan. 
9, 1820. Lydia Caryl, m. Nov. 3. 
1795, Nathaniel Mastick. Sally Caryl, 
sister of Asa senior, died May H, 1M61. 
aged 85. Her sister, Polly, married 
Mos3S Cutter of New Braintree, Mass., 



164 



VERMONT HISTORICAL MAGAZINE 



Oct. 30, 1784; children: Ephraim, b. 
in White Creek, July 22, 1785 ; Persis, 
b. in Marlboro, Mar. 8, 1787, m. 1st, 
Mr. Babcock, 2d, Jedediah Estabrook, 
Hept. 16, 1810; Polly, b. in Rocking- 
ham, Nov. 13, 1789 ; Patty, b. iiiDum- 
mcrston, Fel^ 3, 1791 ; Lovice, b. Sept, 
30, 1792, married Dee. 7,. 1812, Lyixuan 
Walker. Moses Cutter died about 1802 
and his widow m.. 2d, Jacob Town^ 
May 19, 1803. 

SAMUEL PORTER, ES-Q 

and Mehetabel, his wife ; children : 
Samuel Wadsworth, b. Nov. 4, 1792: 
Henry Lee, Dec. 28, 1794 ^ Frederick 
Augustus, Sept. 5, 1796 ; Sophia Char- 
lotte, Aug. 26. 1798 ; George Wash- 
ington, July 23, 1800 ;. Seren-K Stella 
June 8, 1802 ; Aurelia Philinda, July 
25, 1804; Charles Edward, Sept. 2, 
1806. Samuel Porter, Esq., died Feb. 
19, 1810, aged 46 years. 

Tlie wife of Hon. Samuel Porter was 
Mehetabel Fletcher, eldest daughter of 
Maj. Gen. Samuel Fletcher, and she 
was living in Springfield, about 1850 
aged 90 years. 

SAMUEL W. PORTER, ESQ, 

Samuel W. Porter, the eldest son of 
Judge Samuel Porter, removed from 
Dnmmerston to Springfield about the 
year, 1822. He died in that town Aug. 
1882, in his 90th year. 

He had lived in Springfield 60 years, 
was in the Legislature in 1827-8, was 
County Judge from 1828 to 1838, and 
was a member of the Council of Censors 
and of the first Senate in 1836-7. He 
was Town Clerk 33 consecutive years, 
declining a re-election 18 months before 
his death. 

[ A more complete, history of Hon. 
Samuel W. Porter may be expected to 
appear with the history of Springfield 
when published.] 



POST-OFFICE BUSINESS. 
In looking up the post-oiRce history 
for this town, v/e supposed that a post- 
office recn-rd was kept by each post- 
master ami handed down trom one tO' 
another who succeeded to that office ;; 
but upon inquiry we found no such con- 
tinuous record was kept. Previous to 
1811 or '12, the people of Duminerstoni 
and many other towns surrounding; 
Brattleboro, got their mail at that post- 
offiee. Charles Miller was the first 
postmaster here and held the office at 
the time of his death, Apr. 2, 1820.. 
Edwin- Sargeant next held the- office for 
a short time and was* succeeded by 
Lewis Heriry who held the place till 
18S2, when- Luther Allyn \va& appointed! 
who held the office 21 years. In 1853, 
the post-office was removed from the 
tavern kept by Mr, Allym near the 
Birchard place on the road fr jm Brat- 
tleboro to Putney, to Slab Hollow, and 
was kept by Willard C. Wilkins two or 
three years until Randolph A. Knight 
was appointed. He remained in the 
office till Sept. 1st, 1861, at which time 
Wm. O. Miller received the place and 
is the present postmaster in 1879. At 
the time, Mr. Knight was appointed^ 
the post-office was removed to Dummer- 
ston Centre. 

WEST DUMMEUSTON POST-OFFICE, 

was first kept by Elder Ziba Howard,, 
and he had the following successors to 
that office : Dea. John Greenwood, 
Nelson W. Willard, David Aiken, 
Charles Tafl, Elihu M. Wilson, John 
K, Leonard, and Noah B. Samson, 
who is the present postmaster. 
A record of the post-office business has 
to be kept and sent to Washington every 
month, or, quarter, and a copy ought, 
in every town, to be filed with the 
Town Clerk. 




■^07^Mf?cZ. 



i<S*2, 



DIMMEK.STUN. 



105 



SPELLIN(i-i;0()K JIAKEK, 
" DUMMEIISTUN, ]\I;iy 1,. l.S()2 

'' District of Vermont — ^To wit : (L. 
S.) Be it reme))ibered, thaton tlietliird 
day of April, in the twenty-sixth year 
year of the Independence of the United 
States of America, Abuer Kneehmd, of 
said District, hath deposited in this 
Office the Title of a book, tlie ri-rht 
whereof he claims as Author ; in the 
words following, to wit : ' The Child's 
Spelling Book, containing Easy Words 
from one to four Syllables, intermixed 
with Lessons of Easy Words to teach 
Children to read and to know theii- 
duty. By Abner Kneeland, School 
Master. — Lear-i, this book and ijou shall 
have one bigger.' 

Cephas Smith, Clerk. 

The above Work will be published 
immediately. Price 12 1-2 cts. Also, 
TheAmerican Definition Spelling Book. 
Price 37 1-2 cts." 

Probably these are the only books 
that have ever been published by a 
Dummerston author. 

BIOGRAPHY CONCLUDED, 

so far as the writer has been able to 
obtain it from their desendants, of the 
families in Dummerston, except, those 
in West Dummerston, that will be giv- 
en together in another chapter. 

WORDEN FAMILY. 
Peter Worden was the emigrant 
ancestor of the Wordens in this country 
and from him have descended at the 
present time 11 generations in America. 
He came, probably, from Clayton, Lan- 
cashire, in England, and after a short 
residence iu Lynn, was among the early, 
if not the first settlers in Yarmouth, 
Mass, His will dated Feb. 9, 1638, is 
on record at Plymouth, Mass. It was 
proved. Mar. 5, 1638. He is called 
"• Peter ye ekW in the record. It is 
supposed he was born about IfjGH and 
died at the age of 7.">. 



Peter Worden, 2d, was his only sou 
iind was made executor of the will. He 
inherited all his father's estate in Amer- 
ica. In 1 67(;. he was one of the largest 
tax-payers in Yarmoutii. His will is 
dated .Ian. *J, Kj.so and was proved 
Mar. 3, IGSl. He was born probably 
in I^ngland in 1609 antl died at the age 
of 72 years. His wite, Mary Sears? or 
Winslow? died, 16«7. 

Samuel, a son of Peter, 2d, was a 
physician ; was born 1646 ; m. Hopestill 
Holley, 1665; removed to Stonington, 
Ct., before 1715 and died 1716, aged 71. 
Peter, 3d, son of Samuel, was born in 
Yarmouth 1668, m. Mary Holley 1693 ; 
d. Nov. 18, 1732, aged 64. One of 
his tw^o sons 'lamed in his will was 
Peter Worden, Jr., 4th, a blacksmith. 
He married Rebecca Richmond, lived 
in Westerly, R. I., and had 10 children. 
His son, John, born 1724? m. Dorothy 
Satterly, and they were the parents of 
John, 2d, Nathan, Joseph, and Hannah, 
born 1761, who married Maj. William 
Miller, of Dummerston, the father of 
" Uncle Asa." 

NATHEX WORDEN 

was a Baptist preacher and nidved to 
Westmoreland, N. H.. 177H, thence to 
Chesterfield, 1786, where he preached 
several years, extending his lalmrs 
to Keene, Dummerston and adjoining 
towns. Sylvester, another son of Peter, 
4th, b 1735? m. Rebecca, daughter of 
Ichabod Ecdeston. In May 17<'^0. he 
came with his family to Halifax, wliere 
ho died before 1818. 

Peter, son of Sylvester, born Fv-b. 
20, 1766, m. Sep. 17, 17H8, Rachel 
Hale who lived to be 100 years ohi. He 
died in Halifax, aged 4H ; J. Edson, 
his son. b. 1808, attended the common 
and high schools of that town, and, for 
a time, the academy in West Brattle- 



166 



VERMONT HISTORICAL MAGAZINE. 



boro ; taught school, successfully, for 13 
winters, in Halifax, Leydon, Mass., 
Guilford, Putney, and Dummerston. 

He became a resident of this town in 
1830, and married, May 27, 1834, Eliza 
H., dau. of Ira and Jemima (Ward) 
Haven. They had three children of 
whom Gertrude E. and Gertrude L. E. 
died in childhood, and Eddie R. d. Aug, 
14, 1864, aged, ISyears. Mrs.Worden 
died Feb. 21, 1882, aged 67, and Mr. 
Worden is the only one left of a family 
of 12 children most of whom lived to be 
quite aged. 

His occupation has been farming, and 
the place which he now owns and culti- 
vates was settled by Thomas Clark in 
1770. He has been prominent in town 
business many years ; was selectman in 
1860 and '61, has served as deputy sher- 
iff, constable and collector, and has been 
chosen many times moderator of the an- 
nual town meetings ; and has been many 
years, and still is, a justice of the peace. 

WILDER FAMILY, 

\_Gontinued from page 148. '\ 

Additional information in regard to 
Joshua Wilder is that probably aii an- 
cestor of his lived in Shrewsbury in 
1732. Ward m his history of Shrews- 
bury, Mass., says Joshua Wilder (prob- 
ably from Lancester), m. Sarah, dau. 
of Maj. John Keyes, Dec. 21, 1731, 
a.id was then called of Shrewsbury. 
She was added to the church in 1728. 
The children were Rosinah, b. July 1, 



1732, the only one whose birth is on 
record here; John, baptized Dec. 4, 
1748. As there is no other record of 
John than that he was baptized here, it 
is not probable that he was born in 
town. Joshua Wilder was one of the 
first settlers in Princeton, Mass. This 
town joins Rutland from which several 
families removed to Dummerston. 



Some writer in a Brattleboro paper 
in 1848, reports having seen "four gen- 
erations in the field ;" and writes of the 
mowing-bee, briefly mentioned in the 
notice of Mr. Wilder in the chapter of 
the old military men of Dummerston. 
Says the writer in the paper namod, 
we witnessed a scene a few days since 
on the farm of Messrs. Wilder in Dum- 
merston, which illustrates in a marked 
degree, the health-giving, and life pro- 
longing tendency of the ftirming occupa- 
tion in New England when pursued 
with industry, frugality, and temperate 
habits. It was a mowing match par- 
ticipated in by four distinct generations. 
The mowers took their places in the 
field, and Joshua Wilder, a patriarch of 
ninety summers, after examining with 
a practiced eye the hanging and the 
edge of his scythe, led off with his usual 
quick and easy stroke, followed in suc- 
cession by his son, Dea. Dan Wilder, 
his grandson, Leroy Wilder, Esq., and 
his great-grandson, Wallace Wilder. 
If his great-great-grandson, living in 
another part of the country had been 
on the ground to spread the swathes, as 
he could have done, it would have added 
to the novelty and interest of the scene. 
A distance of twenty-five rods and back 
was mowed, the venerabb leader keep- 
ing his place in front with little or no 
apparent fatigue. All reside on the 
same farm and cultivate it in common. 
They carry on the tanning business and 
perform other mechanical labor, also 
produce all the necessaries of life. At 
88 years of age, Joshua Wilder built a 
covered wagon in which representatives 
of the four generations on pleasant Sab- 
bath mornings, may be seen wending 
their way to church." 

ELIAS WILDER 

lived on the Stephen Dutton place not 
far from Joshua Wilder's, but was not 




'^^ rf //.^ ^..-2^2 



DUMMERSTON. 



ig; 



related to liim as far as we are informed. 
His eldest daughter, Dolly, b. 1773, m. 
George Miller. The youngest of his 
ten children, Abigail, b. 171)6, married 
Solomon Lawton, brother of Asa Law- 
ton, now 87 years old and the only per- 
son living in town who remembered 
Elias Wilder, who died Jan. 14, 1808, 
aged 56. 

SAMUEL WILDER 

and Huldah his Avife were the parents 
of Joel, b. 1779, Ephraim, Calvin. 
Joel, m. Roxany Prior, Feb. 19, 1801. 

Aa'-on Wilder, m. widow Joanna 
Crawford, Dec. 26, 1784. 

Charles Wilder, m. Sarah Spaulding, 
Oct. 27, 1782. 

TILLY WILDER 

lived sixty years ago near the old bridge 
place just east of the school house now 
standing in Dis. No. 6. He married, 
probably, Mary Livermore, who died 
Apr. 15, 1832, aged 80. They had 
three daughters : Mary, m. an Allen 
and had three children, Ebenezer, Amos 
and Fanny ; Lucinda, unmarried ; Re- 
becca, m^. Ebenezer Sparks, whose first 
wife was a Hodgkins. Tilly Wilder 
died Nov. 3, 1824, aged 74. 

His name does not appear in the tax 
list of 1810, but Lucinda is taxed that 
year, probably for the house in which 
they lived. She and Rebecca were 
tailoresses, and are remembered by aged 
persons as occupying a room in which 
the windows were oiled paper instead of 
glass and required to be changed or 
renewed several times a year. 

ZENAS WILLIS. 

Mr. AVillis was a clothier and lived 
in the house which stood near the bridge ' 
that crosses Salmon brook cast of the i 
house now owned by William Wheeler. 
His wife was Dorcas Peterson ? and ; 



they had two children, Samuel P., b 
1810, and Dorcas S., 1818, both of 
whom died young. 

Chinery Putter boardc-d witli .Air. 
Willis and studied medicine witli Dr. 
Isaac Knapp, Joseph Duncan. Jr. m. 
Manah lilake, an adopted dau;.'hter of 
Mr. Willis. 

AVINSLOW DLTTON. 

]Mr. Dutton was born Sept 12, 1805, 
in Newfane, to which place his parents, 
Samuel and Abigail (Hodgkins) Dutton 
removed from Dummerston in 1804 and 
returned in 1820. He worked on a farm 
until he was of age, and spent the fol- 
lowing winter lumbering in the forests 
of Hinsdale, N.H. Failing health re- 
quired a change of employment. He 
returned to Dummerston and decitled t9 
be a wheelwright, and became an appren- 
ice to Asa Miller, Doc. 19 1827, whose 
shop and dwelling-house were located 
at Slab Hollow, a small village on Sal- 
mon brook. 

In 1829, he bought the carding-ma- 
chine and carded wool in connection 
with other work for 9 years. He began 
business for himself at carriage-making 
Jan. 1, 1830, and during the following 
summer, built the carriage-shop in which 
he has worked at his trade 52 years. 
The old sign on the shop was painted 
by John Woodbury, and exliibit>j in 
addition to Mr. Dution',- name. an anti- 
que, high-back sleigh, an (dd-fa.-hioned 
wagon in use before the thorougli-brace, 
and a wheel that reminds t e obsiTvor 
of a velocipede without a rider. 

In 1835, he bought Asa Miller's 
carriage-shop which was pulled down 
and on the site built the dwelling-house 
in which he now resides. In l-S-ll. he 
built the house now owned and occupied 
by Manor Smith, who married Mr. 
Dutton's sister. Liixla. Tlif house now 



168 



VERMONT HISTORICAL MAGAZINE. 



ocfupied by Charles Dutton, his son, 
was built by Mr. Button in 1842, and 
is within a few rods of the parental 
homestead. 

Mr. Dutton was representative for 
the town at the State capital in 1848 
and in 1849 ; he was a good citizen, 
and a good mechanic and an indus- 
trious man. When customers called at 
his shop, they always found him busy 
at the work-bench, and ever ready to 
welcome his many friends. 

He was twice married, 1st to Lavilla 
Hohon, Jan. 27, 1830, 2d to Esther 
Miller, dau of Wm. and Esther Knight 
Miller, with whom he is now living. 
He had 7 children, all by the first mar- 
riage — Amandarin, Barney, Charles, 
Daniel K., Eunice L., Helen Maria, 
Henry Marshall. The mother of these 
children died Jan. 22, 1854. Only tw^o 
of them are now living. Chai'les, who 
married Sophia Sargeant, Oct. 3, 1860, 
and Helen M , who married Henry H 
Miller, June 5, 1861. 

STEPHEN DUTTON, 

son of Asa and Polly (Tarble) Dutton 
b. June 24, 1801, m. Electa, dau. of 
Calvin Sargent of Brattleboro, Apr. 16, 
1826, died Oct. 29, 1876 ; children : 
Stephen L., b. June 8, 1827 ; Carolina 
b. Nov. 24, 1837 ; Emeline, b. Aug. 
10, 1843, m. H. E. Taylor, d. Feb. 8 
1877. 

ELIJAH GIBBS 

married Hephzibah, dau. of Capt. John 
Wyman. Children : 

Sally, b. Dec. 24, 1791. m. and re- 
moved to Windham. 

Sophronia, born Apr. 22, 1797, m. 
Lyman French, Jan. 1, 1821 ; 

Larkin, b. Aug. 23,1805, m. Laura 
WcUman of Brookline, Oct. 14, 1827. 

The children of Larkin and Laura 



Gibbs w^ere Alanson, who married Lucy 
Bingham ; Loisa, m. Anson S. Spencer ; 
Walter, m. Helen Rice ; Don Carlos, 
married Eliza Bugbee ; Frank ; Henri ; 
Hester, m. George S. Cook ; Lucy, m. 
Frank Knight ; Helen ; Sarah. 

SAMUEL GIBBS, 

probably a brother of Elijah, m. Lucy 
Cutter, Nov. 25, 1790 ; children : Sam- 
uel Jr. b. 1791, d. 1792; James; b. 
Nov. 9, 1792 ; Samuel ; Joseph ; Han- 
nah ; Benjamin ; Lucy ; Elijah ; Mary 
The mother of whom died July 5, 1805, 

WILLIAM WHEELER. 

married Sarah Smith. Their children 
were : 

Francis D., b. Feb. 19, 1811, mar- 
ried Abigail, dau. of Luther Miller ; 

William, b. Mar. 5, 1813, married 
Philinda,dau. of Dr Isaac Knapp ; 
Sarah, b. May 27, 1816, m. I. Milton 
Knapp ; 

Joel S., b. Apr. 22. 1818, m. Phila, 
dau. of John Miller. 

JOHN F. STEARNS. 

came to this town from West Brattlebo- 
ro and was, for a time, a clerk in the 
store of Noyes and Hayes He married 
Widow Catharine [Knapp] Alexander. 
Children : 

Susan, b. Oct. 24. 1820, m. Hon- 
George Sheldon of Deerfield, Mass. 

Frances W^., b. Nov. 11, 1822, m. 
1st, Jonathan R. Childs of Springfield, 
Mass. Jan. 1, 1846, 2d, Geo. A. Arms ; 

Sarah, b. Aug. 9, 1824. m. Luther • 
Dustir. of Brattleboro, Jan. 31, 1865 

/- LOYAL SMITH. 

married, 1st, Nov. 13, 1827, Nancy ) 
Pierce;; 2d. Mary, dau. of Jonas and 
Polly Walker, Jan. 15, 1844. Children : 
Clementia, b. Feb. 22, 1831, married 
Geor<Te Cook ; 




DUMMERSTON. 



160 



Nancy L. b. Sept.ll, 1834i Ceylon, 
b. Mar. 6, 1838 ; Loyal, b. July 27, 
1840 ; Sidney, b. May 1. 1843 ; 

Dwight T. b. Feb. 14, 1845, mar- 
ried Emogene Boyce of Fayston and 
resides in Dubuque, Iowa, He holds 
a colonel's commission and is (1883) 
a member of the Governor's staff, 
MILLER FAMILY 
[Continued from pagf. 13G.~\ 

HON. THOMAS MILLER 

son of Marshal and Abigail (Haven) 
Miller, was born, Apr. 12, 1783. All 
lii-s life, except the last few years, was 
spent in Dummerston. He was a labor- 
ious and successful citizen, a prominent 
actor in matters pertaining to the wel- 
fare of ^his native town, as lister, select- 
man and town agent. He was chosen 
associate judge of the Windham County 
Court in 1847 and 1848. 

He was among the first of his towns- 
men to advocate temperance and was a 
firm friend of the temperance cause as 
long as he lived, — his oft repeated coun- 
sel to his boys, being, " Touch not 
itaste not, handle not." He died in 
Brattleboro, Mar. 25, 18G5, aged nearly 
■82. His widow is stjU living (1884) 
in the 94th year of her age. She was 
Harriet Moore and married Mr. Miller 
in the spring of 1810. 

Their children were Chester, a teacher, 
m. 1st, Caroline Eaton, 2d, Mary Cune ; 
Lydia L., died young ; Harriet Marcia, 
m. Chamberlin Wilder ; Lu'cy L.. m. a 
Mr. Cate ; James Monroe, a teacher, 
went south and married a lady in Ten- 
nesee ; Lovinia, a teacher, married John 
Dwinell ; Lestina, a teacher, m. James 
Reed of Brattleboro ; Robert Dexter ; 
Ozro, a soldier, m. Ellen, dau. of Jacob 
Laughton ; Walter m. 1 st, a lady in Cali- 
fornia, 2d, a widow in Halifax, Vt. ; 
Julia, m. Newell Walker ; Electa, a 
22 



teacher, m. 1st, Rev. C. D. Jeffenls, 2a, 
a Mr. Woodlnirn ; Celia died ubout the 
age of 14 years. 

REV. ROBERT DEXTKR MILLER, 

son of Hon. Thomas Miller, was born 
in Dummerston, Sept. 23, 1824; pre- 
pared for college at the Ellington High 
school, Ct., and Brattleboro Academy ; 
graduated from Amherst College in 
1848, and from the Theological Institute 
of Connecticut in 1852. He was prin- 
cipal of Purdy Academy in Tennessee, 
in 1849 and 1850 ; was ordained to the 
ministry at North Wardsboro in 1856. 
His work in the ministry has been chiefly 
in Vermont, one year in New Hamp- 
shire, and a few years in Massachusetts. 
He is now, 1884, preaching in West 
Hartford, Vt. The writer heard Mr. 
Miller preach in Dummerston when vis- 
iting his relatives and the old homestead, 
and can say that his sermons were ably 
written, well delivered, sound in doc- 
trine, instructive and interesting to his 
hearers. INIr. Miller published a book 
several years ago, containing a life 
sketch of his brother-in-law. Rev. C. 
D. Jefferds with many selections from 
his sermons, and essays written while 
in college. He also published a sermon, 
written by himself, on The Great Rebel- 
lion. 

Mr. Miller has l>een twice married. 
His 1st. wf. was Sarah Lucretia Dutton 
of Brattleboro, the 2d. Eliza Cliamber- 
lain Cook of Gill, Mass. Ho has six 
children. 

A son of his prepared for college nt 
Kimball Union Academy, N. H., and 
was graduated from Middlebury Coll- 
ege in 1882. 

MAJOR OZRO MILLER. 

A brother of Rev. R. D. :^Iilk'r, wao 
born Dec. 7, 1826 ; enlisted in the army 
a"-ainst the Great Rebellion and was 



170 



VERMONT HISTORICAL MAGAZINE. 



chosen captain of the Shelburne Falls, William dana miller, 

Mass. Co. He was a resident of Shel- a sou of Wm. O., graduated from Wil- 
burne Falls at that time, and had a wife j Hams college in 1882, and is now, 1884, 
and three small children. His partners ' principal of the- graded school in West 
in business presented him a rifle which : Stockbridge, Mass. 
he used with good effect while com- 1 an:sel irwin miller, 

manding his men in the battle of Fair ■ ^^^ ^^ j^^^p^ ^^^ g^p^^.^ (Arms) 
Oaks before Richmond. For gallantry I ^^.^^^^^ graduated from Williams college 
in that battle, be received a Major's , .^ ^j^^ ^^^^^^ ^^ ^gg^ and chose medicine 
Commission. While in command of 



his regiment, the Mass. 10th, soon 
afterwaid, he received a mortal wound 
through the lungs, was left on the field, 
taken prisoner and carried to Libby 
Prison in Richmond. He was wounded, 
July 2, 1862, and died in the prison, 
July 15, 1862. One of the men in his 
company, imprisoned with him, minis- 
tering to hit relief and aware that his 
life would soon close, inquired whether 
he had any word to leave for his friends. 
He replied : 

" Tell them I died like a true soldier, 
tor my country." 

He once wrote to his brother, while 
in camp : i 

" My country called for able-bodied} 
men of whom I was one. It was 
doubtlesb my auty to enlist, and if 1 1 
may but be assured leaving my children ' 
as good an inheritance as I have re- 
ceived, 1 shall be satisfied whatever ray 
lot may be." 

dAxS[A miller, 
a son of William and (E^sther) Kn'ght 
Miller, was a college graduate. His 
name should appear on page 136 immed- 
iately after the name of Edwin H., son 
of Wm. 0. Miller, not brother as there 
printed. Dana Miller graduated from 
Dartmouth college in 1843. His ante- 
collegiate studies were in Townshend 
and what follows this statement in that 
sketch is descriptive of him. Wm. O. 
was constable and collector 40 not 48 
years. His parents were married Sept. 
11, 1814. 



as nis profession. He entered the Col- 
lege of Physicians and Surgeons in New 
York City, from which he graduated,, 
May 1, 1884. 

Following the advice of his instruct- 
ors, he sought and obtained a situation 
in a large hospital on Blackwells Island 
near the city. Among the 19 applicants- 
for the eight vacancies at the time, he 
ranked No. 2 in the competitive exaro.- 
ination. 

MAJOR CHARLES DANA MILLER, 

His paper for the Miller family, printed 
on pages 45 and 50 inclusive, -was first 
published in the History of Licking Co, 
Ohio, in 1881. 

The corrections are : for Edw-ard, who^ 
conquered the Picts, read Edwin ; inhab- 
itance, inhabitants ; persona, persones :■ 
about seventy, above seventy : page 46, 
20th line, after Miller, insert born in- 
Worcester, Mass. in 1756 ; Sixth James 
Miller ; 2d columrr, for sinster read sin- 
ister ; mulct, mulcts ^ bands, band ; put 
a semicolon between paws and motto in 
23d line ; page 48, paernal, paternal ; 
25th line, read of Oilman Bryant ; page. 
49, 2d column, for lists read list ;,pria- 
ciple, principal. 

THOMAS CLARK. 

^Continued fro7rt -page 96. ~\ 
He became a resident of the town in 
1770, not 1760 as printed in the sketch ; 
Thomas, Jr. was born in 1777, not 
1767; died Nov. 24, 1865 not 1765; 
John Clark married Sarah Stockwell, 



DUMMERSTON. 



Mar. 31, 1818, not June 10, 1810; 
George W., married in 1844, not 1644. 
Amasa Clark m. Arathusa Whiteomb, 
Oct. 24, 1813. 

Their eldest daughter was Catharine 
Trowbridge. 

The father of Arathusa was Jonathan 
Whitcomb who became a resident of 
this town, with his brother Calvin soon 
after 1810. 

Hannah, a sister of Arathusa, mar- 
ried Ephraim Park of Newfane ; Patty 
married Presson Taft of Putney ; 

Luke, a minister, married Esther, 
daughter of Dr. Jonathan Moore ; 

Luther married a daughter of Peter 
Hazelton ; 

Silas married Mrs. Sally (Button) 
George, 

Jonathan Whitcomb m. 2d Molly 
Merrick. 

Maj. Gen. Artemas Ward died Oct. 
28, 1800, not 1700 as printed. 

JOHN FRENCH JR. 

whose name appears in the sketch of 
]Micah French on page 105 Avasthe son 
of John French, whose family record is 
on pages 96 and 97. 

REV. ABNER KNEELAND 

was a resident of Dummerston in 1797. 

He married Waits till One child, 

Waitstill, recorded, born Nov. 'Id, 1797. 
Mr. Kneeland was married four times 
and had ten children. He became a 
minister and was the author of several 
volumes. He was born in Gardner, 
Mass., Apr. 7, 1774, and died in Farm- 
ington. Van Buren Co. Iowa, Aug. 27. 
1844. 

He began his ministerial career, as a 
Baptist in 1801, after his removing from 
this town. 

[ We will now give, at the close of 
these family papers for this part of the 



town, a paper from the Historian who 
has very carefully read tlie proofs.* and 
which besides giving a corrigenda for 
the pages printed has considerable addi- 
tional information ccnceruing tlie 
ties represented. ] 
COL. jonx 



p:ir- 



ai»;i:axt. 
[^Continued from jjatji; 24."] 

Col. Sargcant was born Dec. 4, 1 732 ; 
Thomas, born Feb. 23, 1735 ; Abigail, 
born 1737; Rufus, born 1740; Mary. 
born 1742. 

The history of Northfield. Mass. and 
the writer of " Historical Notes " in The 
Vermont Phfjenix, Mar. 1876, led us 
astray in this family record. The father 
of Col. John had no brother James as 
stated on page 23. 

THOMAS SARGEAXT, 

a brother of the Colonel, married Anna 
Stebbins and their children were Elihu. 
born May 3, 1758 ; Anna, born June 
18, 1760 ; Calvin, born Nov. 9, 1763 ; 
Electa, born Oct. 31, 1765; Luther, 
born May 15, 1768 ; Susanna, born 
Jan. 5, 1770; Erastus, born Nov. 16. 
1771; Roxana ; Roswell, born Nov. 
27, 1776; Henry. 

ELIHUE SARGEAXT. 

married Mary Kathan and their children 
A^ere Elihu, b. Nov. 13, 1780 ; Molly ; 
Clarissa ; Thomas ; Alexander ; Ches- 
ter ; George. The father died Di-i-. 1. 
1833. 

Charles C. Frost, the owner of the 
old Bible, printed in 1731, containing 
the Kathan and Sargeant family record. 
mentioned on page 13. died Mar. 16, 
1880. Since his death, no trace of the 
old Bible can be found. 

Eli Sargeant ni. Elizabeth Gorton 
not Mary Kathan as stated on page 24. 

These Briefs to be continued a few 
pages later. 

*Siiico i>rinte<I. 



172 



VERMONT HISTORICAL MAGAZINE. 



CHURCH HISTORY. 
CHAPTER III. 

CONGREGATIONAL CHURCH. 

[^Continued from page 157, concluded.^ 

CONGREGATIONAL SUNDAY SCHOOL. 

The earliest history of the Sunday 
school in this town dates back to about 
1820. Soon after that date Miss Han- 
nah AVeiis of Brattleboro held meetings 
in several of the school-houses in the 
east part of the town, changing about 
in the different districts as required for 
the accommodation of the pupils, who 
were formed into classes to study the 
catechism, recite verses from the Bible, 
memorize hymns, and learn the morn- 
ing and evening prayer. 

These meetings, or schools, led to the 
organization of a Sunday school at the 
church during the ministry of Rev, 
Hosea Beckley. Dea. Abel Haven was 
probably the first Sunday school super- 
intendent. Dea. Asa Burnap, Rev. 
Nelson Barbour, Asa Lawton, Rev. 
Augustus Chandler and Leavitt E. Bond 
have held the same position in the order 
named. Mr. Bond is the superintendent 
for 1884 and has served since May 1872. 
The number of teachers and officers, 
June 1, 1884, was 13 ; scholars over 20 
years of age, 33 ; under 20 years, 28 ; 
total 61 ; total membership 74 ; average 
attendance about 50. 

LIBRARY. 

contains about 400 volumes. Jonathan 
French was the first librarian and had 
charge of a small collection of books 
kept in a trunk and located in the dea- 
con's seat. J. Edson Worden succeeded 

Mr. French and served forty years. 

Myron F. Button is the present librarian 
and was chosen in 1883. 

CHURCH STATISTICS. 

The average attendance on public wor- 
ship is about 80,— the maximum, 130. 



The number' of male members in the 
church is 23, female 66, total 89. The 
deacons at the present time are Leroy 
Wilder, Adii. A, Dutton and Richard 
P. Pratt. 

THE. CHURCH CHOIR. 

It is said that Judge Jason Duncan was 
the first leader of the choir. He was- 
succeeded by his son, Joseph Duncan, 
Esq. The principal leaders since his 
time are William Knapp,Chinery Puffer^ 
Jonas Bennett, and Joseph Miller, Esq., 
who is the present leader and has served 
many years. During the leadership of 
Joseph Duncan, the key was sounded 
with a wooden pitch-pipe. The first 
instrumental music was furnished by 
four musicians, Asa and Sylvester Dut 
ton, violinists, Franklin Dix, cornet or 
post-horn, and Joseph Miller, bass-viol. 
The seraphiae was first nsed in the choir 
about 1850. An Estey organ was 
bought a few years ago, and in the 
spring of 1884, a new Estey organ of 
superior tone and quality took its place. 
Mrs. William O. Miller is the organist 
for the present year, 1884, and has' 
served very acceptably as organist for 
28 years. Others have rendered good" 
service at times when she could not be 
present. All the members of the choir, 
whether of long or short service, are 
entitled to much credit for the important 
part they perform in public worship. 

. Previous to the use of the violin and 
cornet in the choir, the following per- 
sons at different times played the bass 
viol, Oscar Cooledge, who was ' a mer- 
chant in Slab Hollow about 55 years 
ago, Joel Knight Jr. Samuel G. Dun- 
can, and Nelson French. 

THE OLD MEETING-HOUSE. PAGE 83. 

Put a period in place of the comma after 
in, 6th line, 2d column, and let July 
1783 be the date for finishing the porch. 



DUMMER8T0N. 



173 



Omit 60x60, as no size is stated except 
for the second porch. The house was 
plastered in 1 794 at an expense of §] 00. 
Apr. 25, 1676, should read 1776. When 
the pews were built, the board-seats 
were hung on hinges so as to turn up 
against the side of the pew for conven- 
ience in standing during prayer-time ; 
and as the congregation resumed their 
seats, these were let down with a zeal 
that betokened some interest in this part 
of the ceremony. 

The following stanza from a poem 
read by Samuel Burnham at the centen- 
nial celebration of ihe town of Rindge, 
N H., will describe the scene : 

" And when at last the loud Amen 
Fell from aloft, how quickly then 

The seats came down with heavy rattle, 

Like musketry in fiercest battle. " 

REV. MOSES H. WELLS 

came from Claremont, N. H. to Dum- 
merston and began to supply the church, 
April 1, 188-1 and is the active pastor. 
He was born in Deerfield, N. H., Aug. 
27, 1814 ; fitted for college at Pembroke, 
N. H., and graduated at Dartmouth col- 
lege in 1839 . He graduated at the The- 
ological seminary at Andover, Mass., 
in 1845 ; Avas ordained atPittsfield, N. 
H., Nov. 19, 1845 and dismissed Dec. 
1853. He taught in the academy at 
South Berwick, Me., 2 years; became 
pastor of the church in Hinsdsle, N. H. 
in Oct. 1855 where he was a successful 
pastor for 10 years. He supplied the 
church at Lyndon, Yt. for 5 years from 
Apr. 1, 1866 ; began his pastoral care 
of the church at Waterford, Vt., July 
1, 1871, and remained 7 years. Begin- 
ning Mar. 1, 1880, he preached three 
years at Ascutneyville, Vt. 

Rev. Alfred Stevens, D. D., a class 
mate of Mr. Wells, recommended him 
to the church in Dummerston, that had 
been without a pastor from the time 



Rev. Mr. Merrill left till the time when 
Mr. Wells came and preached u few 
Sabbaths before accepting a call to be- 
come the resident pastor of the church. 

The people were very fortunate in 
securing the services of so able aud ex- 
cellent a minister as Mr. Wells. He 
and his family will add mucli to all the 
influences that work for good in every 
community. 

Mr. Wells married 1st. :Miss Aim R. 
Votee, of New York City ; 2d, Miss 
Emily M. Taylor, of Hinsdale. N. IL, 
His children are Annie M., Charles Y., 
and Julia Ellen. 

Annie graduated from Mt. Holyoke 
Seminary ; taught iu the Seminary 4 
years, and is now a teacher in the Hu- 
guenot Female Seminary at Wellington, 
South Africa, where she has taught 9 
years. 

Charles is a farmer and manages the 
farm wliich his father purchased in 
Dummerston for himself aud family. 

Julia Pollen, graduated from the Stev- 
ens High School at Claremont, N. H., 
and is now a pupil in Mt. Holyuke Sem- 
inary for 1883 and 84. 



OUR PHYSCIANS. 

DR. DKAN 

who came here about 1809, had an ex- 
practice for 



tensive practice lor some years, but 
broke down at length and left (or his 
native place in Massachusetts. 

DR. DAVIDSON 

who was here in 1817 and remuiued 
one or two years. 

DK. JOHN WILSON 

believed by many to be Captain Thun- 
derbolt, who died in Brattleboro, 1847. 
He came to Dummerston in 1819, aud 
lived in what is now called the Samuel 
Wheeler district. He was a teacher in 



174 



VERMONT HISTORICAL MAGAZINE 



the school there for one or two terms, 
and also taught one term in district No. 
1. He was a peculiar school-master 
and used the "rod of correction" rather 
than the ferule. It was not a short 
stick, as many teachers used in those 
days rather than let school children be 
spoiled, but a long sweeping rod with 
which he could reach from his desk and 
SAviteh the unruly urchins into obedience 
without leaving his seat. 

DR. JONATHAN MOORE 

will be remembered for a time, at least, 
on account of his "Essence of Life" 
which he made by the barrel. Eben- 
ezer Miller who, oftentimes, had serious 
attacks of asthma, sent for medicine, on 
one occasion, to Dr. Moore, who sent 
to him a bottle full of the Essence of 
Life, which, on being handed to him, 
he drank the contents off at one dose 
and felt no bad effects afterwards. 

Dr, ISAAC BOYDEN, 

also, should be remembered here, who 
died Nov. 25, 1837, aged 52 years. — 
See Boyden family papers, pp. 37-40. 

DR. CHINERY PUFFER, 

also who died at Shelbume Falls, Mas- 
sachusetts, Mar. 6, 1877, aged 73. 

Dr. Cyrus Butterfield and Dr. W. R. 
Woodard were resident physicians here 
for a time. 

Dr. S.N. Bemis was the only resident 
physicsain in 1879. 

SCHOOL SUPERVISION. 

The practice of choosing a committee 
of several persons to visit the schools, 
began here in 1828, and the first chosen 
were Rev. Hosea Beckley, Marshall 
Miller, Asa Boyden, Josiah Taft, and 
Jotham Burnett. It continued 6 years, 
when it came into disrepute, because 
the towns were not always careful to 
choose suitable persons. In most towns 



in the state it ^was easier to find one 
competent person for school supervision 
than to find so many as the law in force 
required. 

The law was changed and in 1846, 
Rev. William N. Barber was chosen 
town superintendent ; also in 1848. 

Rev. B. F. Foster was chosen in 
1849 and served 16 years and a few 
months in 1868, when he resigned on 
account of ill health and Rev. Augustus 
Chandler was appointed by the select- 
men to fill the vacancy that year. 

No superintendent was chosen in 1852 
53, '54. 

Joseph Miller, Esq., served one year, 
being chosen in 1857. 

David L. Mansfield was chosen in 
1869 ; continued in service 15 years, 
and still (1884) holds tie office of town 
superintendent. 

THE HAGUE SCHOOL-HOUSE 

now stands near the old bridge-place 
across West river. Districts No. 2 West 
and No. 7 East, united with No. 6 and 
a new school-house was built about 
1850. The school-house for No. 6 
formerly stood near the Reuben Walker 
place at the foot of the hill near where 
the roads unite. The first school-house 
built in the district stood on the rocks 
in the southeast corner of a pasture near 
Jonas Walker's farm, north of the road 
leading to West Dummerston. 



FATAL ACCIDENTS. 

Henry Stevens, son of Henry 



and 



Relief, aged 5 years, was killed by the 
fall of a fence, July 20, 1796. 

Denison, son of Richard and Beda 
Kilbury, about two years old, drowned 
June 24, 1810. 

W. H. Pierce, age 33 years, was 
drowned iii West river April 11, 1825. 

Nathaniel French, born 1789, was 



DUMMERSTON. 



killed by tlie fall of a tree, aged about 
60 years. 

Ebeaezer Randall was so injured, 
while at work with a team, as to cause 
his death. 

Dorcas Bemis, 7 years old, dau. of 
Alanson Bemis, was burned to death by 
her clotiies taking fire while standing 
near a stove one morning in the school- 
house in Dis. No. 1 East, about 1842. 

Mrs. Lydia Walker, wife of Reuben 
Walker, was killed in 1860: She ^vas 
riding in a wagon, and by the breaking 
of the king-bolt, was thrown out, caus- 
ing instant death ; aged 66 years. 

Daniel Bemis was instantly killed by 
the fall of a tree, Jan. 18, 1864, aged 
44 years. 

Alfred Roel, 14 years old, son of 
Charles G. Roel, was killed Mar. 20, 
1896, by the fall of a tree. He was 
not hit by the tree, but it fell so near to 
him, while he was lying on the ground, 
as to cause his death. 

Oscar J Herrick, aged about 2 years, 
son of J. T. Herrick, was drowned 
May 3, 1868. This child was one of 
a family of ten children, all boys. Nine 
are now living. They have been the 
main stay in school Dis. No. 3 west, 
for several years. Such a family of 
children reminds us of the good old days 
of the forefathers when a few families 
furnished many children for the schools, 
instead of many families furnishing only 
a few children, as at the present day. 

Mrs. Mary M. Leonard, widow of 
the late John K. Leonard, Esq., was 
instantly killed Aug. 19, 1881, by being 
thrown from a wagon ; age 47 years. 

James McMullen died Mar. 28, 1861, 
from his neck being broken by the fall- 
ing limb of a tree, while chopping in 
th3 woods. 



BLUXING OF ROGEK IJIK< IIAKD 
AND HIS HOUSE. 

For many years, Mr. Birchard owned 
and occupied ii store situated about G 
miles north of Brattleboro on the road 
leading from that place up the Connec- 
ticut valley to Dunimerston. It was on 
the main line of travel to Bellows Falls. 
His store was a large two-story building, 
painted white, nearly square, with i» 
roof of fore sides, meeting at the ri<lge. 
There were several rooms in the store ; 
and the whole building was tilled from 
cellar to garret with all kiuds of goods, 
ancient and modern, old style and new 
style, that any merchant could conceive 
of making not only a place for business 
with but wdiat may be called a curiosity 
store. In fact many persons called there 
more to see what Mr. Birchard had in 
his store more than for purposes of trade. 

Here was Mr. Birchard's home. He 
lived a frugal life. Sometimes lie gnt 
his meals for a season away from his 
store ; but for many years he bojirded 
himself. He lived a single life, and sel- 
dom did more business than what he 
could manage himself. At times, he 
may have had some help iu his store. 
When he became old and somewhat in- 
firm, his niece. Miss Mary Birchard. of 
Fayetteville, would sometimes come 
over to Dummerston and help her uncle 
a few days about making out his ac 
counts with customers. She was there 
only a short time before his death. He 
was unwilling that she should remain 
long ; but she had so much anxiety 
about him on account of the dangers to 
which he was exposed, that she remain- 
ed in town visiting with friemls nearly 
two weeks. 

All were afraid that he would bo 
burned in his store, as all the rooms 
were much crowded with boxes, barrels 



17G 



VERMONT HISTORICAL MAGAZINE. 



and goods, so much so that it was very 
ditfioult to get about, even, to get arou-id 
the little stove which the customers 
tried to approach that they might warm 
themselves when the weather was cold. 
Wood and kindlings were piled high un 
der and around the stove. Customers 
had called his attention to smoking wood 
under the stove, but he was not pleased 
with their meddling with his alFairs. A 
lady customer only a day or two before 
the store was burned, snatched some 
wood from under the stove that was all 
a-blaze. Others had done the same 
thing. 

On Sunday, Feb. 13, 1870, about 2 
o'clock in the night, his store was dis- 
covered on fire, and the fire had made 
.such progress all efforts to save even 
Mr. Birchard were unavailing. 

A large number of persons soon gath- 
ered to fight the flames. Their object- 
ive point was the room where he slept, 
which was just over the one in which 
the little stove stood surrounded by its 
inflammable material. Their utmost 
endeavor was made to secure even his 
body from the devouring element. Not 
until the morning dawned, did they suc- 
ceed in raking the charred remains from 
the deep bed of bm-ning embers and red 
liot coals. It was carried into a little 
shop near by where we saw it that 
morning. Nothing but a blackened, 
charred trunk and bare skull remained 
of the unfortunate man. All his limbs 
were burned off close to the body. 

He was born at Wilmington, Aug. 2, 
1797, and at the time of his death was 
in his 73d year. 

He had many peculiarities, but was 
honest in all his dealings. We have 
heard him say that he would give a poor 
man a debt rather than make him pay 
it when it would oppress him or his 
family. 



The funeral services of Mr. Birchard 
were held in the Congregational church 
the following Sunday afternoon. A 
large number of persons, including 
many from Putney, Newfane and Brat- 
tleboro were in attendance. Rev. J. C. 
Houghton of Burlington, Avho was sup- 
plying the pulpit a few Sabbaths in this 
place, preached the funeral sermon. He 
mentioned the circumstance of his call- 
ing to see Mr. Birchard for the first 
time a few days before his death ; that 
Mr. Birchard received him kindly, open- 
ed the way for him to speak of religious 
matters, and informed him that he read 
the Bible and worshipped God daily in 
his chamber. He thanked the minister 
for his visit, and invited him to call 
again ; " and I should have done so," 
he remarked, " had I known that his 
spirit would have been called home in a 
chariot of fire within six days from that 
time." 

During Mr. Birchard's career as a 
merchant, his store and go(>ds were 
burned three times, once at Westmin- 
ster West, and twice in Dummerston. 
On each occasion the fire was discovered 
on Sunday morning. The first store 
that was burned stood just south of the 
buildings which he last occupied. Very 
little property was saved. A large quan- 
tity of cheese was destroyed and men 
noAv living, who were boys then, and 
present at the conflagration, remem- 
ber of getting a good square meal of 
toasted cheese. 

The third store was once a large 
dwelling-house. After Mr. Birchard 
bought it, he purchased the old store 
that stood, up in town, on the old Dr. 
Moore place, and had it moved down 
and set up as an ell part on the south 
side of the main building. Both build- 
ings were filled to their utmost capacity 
at the time of their destruction. 



DUMMERSTON. 



17< 



Of the few goods saved from tlie fire. 
M'ere 36 1-2 barrels of flour. In Uni- 
ted States bonds, 87.000, with some rail- 
road bonds, passed through the flames, 
but not unharmed. It was a mere acci- 
dent that they were saved for redemp- 
tioQ. A short time before the fire, Mr. 
Birchard had some railroad bonds which 
he kept in an old earthen jar covered 
Avith tea-lead and secreted in an old 
brick oven, destroyed by mice. The 
railroad company promised to give him 
new bonds in place of the ones destroyed, 
provided he would get some person to 
sign a paper with him to the eflTect that 
said bonds should never be paid for but 
once. He asked a near neighbor, Alonzo 
Dutton, to sign the paper. He refused 
to do so, knowing that Mr. Birchard 
was oftentimes quite careless about his 
aflPairs and that goods were frequently 
stolen from his store At the time of 
the fire, as soon as Mr. Birchard's body 
was secured from the flames, Mr. But- 
ton, remembering about the bonds which 
the mice destroyed and where they were 
kept, planned a means of getting to the 
old brick oven across a bed of burning 
coals and flaming brands. A quantity 
of snow Avas thrown upon the coals, a 
ladder quickly put across to the oven, 
some planks laid on for greater safety, 
and a resolute man walked the burning 
track, wrenched off" the iron-door, shov- 
eled out the old treasure-vault-jar and 
returned without injury. 

The large jar had inside two flower- 
pots, one turned over on to the other. 



them to be left at Waite's bank in Brat- 
tle])oro, and in a few month.s they were 
redeemed in Washinsrton. 



LIEUT, LEONARD SPAULDINT. 

whose record begins on page 24 was 
commissioned captain during the Revn- 
lutionary war, as we have lea -ned since 
the printing of his record, and he was 
not a citizen of rhe town as stated on p. 
26, when it was organized. His old ar- 
count book dates back to 170(3 not 1 77'.* 

BRIEFS AND CORRIOKNUA. 

On page 37. Thomas Boy den livf d on 
the paternal farm, for lives ; the birth 
of Phebe Perry, fori 734, read 1784. 

On page 41, read, Rebecca Dutton 
married June 10, 1813 and died June 
15, 1863, and Samuel Dutton was l)orn 
July 11, 1743. 

Lieut. John S. Gates married Hannah 
Moore. She may have been a sister of 
Sarah Moore, the wife of Lt. Daniel 
Gates. On page 56 read, Martin W. 
Gates was born 1827, On page 57, 
read Oren Gates, was born Feb. 19, 
1797. Widow Rebecca Gates died in 
Dec. 1883. 

Among the children of Samuel and 
Susanna Laughton, not Susan, as print- 
ed. Page 58, include Samuel, Jr.. as 
the eldest ; also, add Solomon to the 
children of J >hn and Esther (Davis) 
Laughton. Page 59, read Samuel 
Laughton, Jr., born Jan. 5, 175H not 
1848. Page 01 read Thomas Laugh- 
Laura was born 1797. 
born 179H. And on the 



forming a place, within which, was a : toil's age 9 
o-lass candy-jar, wrapped about with , and Jacob 

matting. Inside the glass jar were the \ same page Hannah Presson was mar- 
bonds which tha fire had burned so that 
they began to fall in pieces on being ex- 
posed to the air. Discovering this, Mr. 
Dutton quickly wrapped them in cloth. 
Next dav, Austin Birchard requested 



ried 1813, and Mary was born 1795. 

Robert Liston, mentioned on page 64 
was British Minister from England t«i 
the United States, hence the title, his 
excellencv. 



23 



17^ 



VERMONT HISTORICAL MAGAZINE. 



On page 90 read Rebecca Butler, b. 
Apr. 22, 1788; Candace, born 1798, 
not 1788; Jabez Butler, m. May 22, 
1781 ; Silas m. 2d, in 1816. 

The Samuel Duncan mentioned on 
page 92 as a distant relative of Dr. Abel 
Duncan had the following children: 
Lucretia, born in Worcester, Mass. m. 
1773 ; Jonas ; Betsey, born in Guilford 
in 1781 ; Simeon, b. in Dummerston, 
July 26, 1782; Arathusa ; Fanny; 
Azubah; Electa; Samuel; Rebecca; 
and Nancy. 

Samuel G., son of Joseph Duncan, 
Esq., married Sophia Hoyt, see page 93. 

On page 94 read Dr. Sewall Walker 
not Sewell. and Emily, dau. of Jonas 
Walker was bom 1826. His daughter 
Mary, overlooked in the record, was 
born in April 1824. She was not the 
daughter of Dr. AValker, as stated on 
page 95 Samuel Newell Walker, born 
Apr. 15 1824, died in Feb. 1884.— 
Marshall, soq of Reuben, was born in 
1833, and Sarah R. in 1836 not 1839. 
Lyman Walker married Lovice Cutter ; 
William m. Juliet Parish ; Reuben is 
now living, 1884, aged 84. 

Page 104, read Caleb and Joshua 
Higgins, were born 1797 ; Joseph Hig- 
gins m. Widow Kathan about 1790. 

In the old tax bill, page 107, read 
Aaron Brooks, Jr., for Aaron Brook, 
Jr., and Samuel Duncan's state tax 
should read $1.12, John Miller's $2.69 ; 
for Moore Jona. do. read Dr. Include 
Asa French in the list ; tax 14 state, 
14 town. 

Page 110, in Dis. No. 1, for David 
Gates read Daniel ; in No. 2, for Henry 
Stearns read Stevens ; for Dr. Haven 
read Hazen ; in No. 5 for Calvin Buter 
read Butler. 

Dorcas not Dorces as on page 77. 

Joseph T. Bennett, for Jos. F. p .92. 



Joel Knight married Esther Farr, 
Nov. 30, 1786, and she was 83, when 
she died. Page 137 

In the Stickney family record, Sam- 
uel Doty should read Duty. The wife 
of Benjamin Stickney died in Newfane 
in 1862 not 1812, and the wife of Ben- 
jamia, Jr., was Betsey Tenny not 
Tanney. 

Simeon Reed, mentioned on page 152 
was born Jan. 25, 1791, died Oct., 24 
1875, aged 84. His wife died Mar. 3, 
1881, aged 85. They were married 
Dec. 12, .1819. Children: Betsey, b. 
Apr. 9, 1821, m. EzekielB. Campbell, 
died June 23, 1864 ; Simeon H., born 
July 23, 1823, died very suddenly May 
26, 1849 ; Martha Ann, b. July 16, 
1826, m. Mason Higgins, died Oct. 1, 
1865 ; Tliomas N., b. Aug. 31, 1828, 
m. Ellen Miller ; Mary, b. Oct. 5, 1831 , 
died 1833. 

AMSDEN FAMILY. 

\_Continued from page 161.~\ 

Jacob Amsden, who married Lydia 
Rice, had three sons, Jacob, William 
H., and Thomas. 

Lewis M. Amsden had 8 children, 
one of whom, Tliomas O., now resides 
in Brattleboro. 

Amory Amsden had six children. 
His son, Ira, is now living at Buffalo, 
N. Y. 

Dr. Thomas Amsden's brothers, Be- 
zaleel, Jacob and Joel were the ancestors 
of a large number of descendants now 
scattered through New England and the 
Middle states. Their home was at Dana 
and Petersham, Mass. 

Joseph Miller, bought lot 148, of the 
early farms : 

Jonathan Page sold his store at the 
West Village, Nov. 6, 1786 : 

\^To he continued. ~\ 



DUMMERSTON. 



179 



WEST DUMMERSTON IN 1810. 
West Dummerstoa includes all that 
part of the towu lying west of West 
river. Not until the summer of 1882, 
did we find a record of families as they 
were divided into school districts in 1810 
by a committee composed of Rufus 
Moore, Ezra Butterfield and Jotham 
Burnett. 

DISTRICT NO. 1, WEST 

comprised 31 families in 1810 and were 
located, beginning at Brattleboro line : 
Henry Willard, David Bailey, Voranus 
Larrabee, Charles Bennett, James A. 
Chase, Wilkins Burnett, Joel French, 
Dudley Bailey, Roswell Beebee, Sam- 
uel Bennett, Jesse Bennett, Joseph Blye, 
Joseph Gleason, Samuel Bennett, Jr., 
David Darling, Skeltou Foster, Isaac 
Burnett, Aaron Bond, Lemuel Barrett, 
Ezra Butterfield, Zenas Butterfield, 
James Chase, Henry Zwears, Peter 
Stickney, Daniel Zwears, Benjamin 
Zwears, Samuel Guernsey, Timothy 
Lewis, Benjamin Willard, Jotham Bur- 
nett, Benjamin Stickney. 

DUDLEY BAILEY 

married Ruhamah Dunster, daughter of 
David Dunster, who was son of Jona- 
than, whose father was Henry Dunster, 
the first president of Harvard College. 
Mr. Bailey removed from Westminster, 
Mass., to Brattleboro about the year 
1786. In 1798, he came to Dummers- 
ton and bought a farm of Jonathan 
Barrus near West river, where his 
grandson, Silas A. Bailey now lives. 

Dudley and Ruhamah Bailey had five 
children. Polly, the eldest, m. Joel 
French, Oct. 29, 1794, and both lived 
and died in this town. 

Levi, unmarried, died Mar. 13, 1851 ; 
was insane over 50 years and supported 
by his brother David, who was born 



Sept. 9, 1780, m. Lydia, dau. of Solo- 
mon Allen of Marlboro. 

Ephriam died young, and Henry re- 
moved to New York. 

Dudley Bailey died Mar. 8, 1X12. 
and Ruhamah his wife, Mar. 8, 1835, 
just 23 yeai-s from the date of her hus- 
band's death. 

David and Lydia (Allen) Bailey lived 
and died on the old homestead of Dud- 
ley Bailey. Their children were : Electa 
m. Wm. H. Merriam and removed to 
Peterborough, N. H. ; Anna, m. Daniel 
Baldwin of Wardsboro ; Levi, married 
Elizabeth Bryant of Brattleboro ; Jason 
R., m. Emily Bryant of Brattleboro; 
removed to Stukely, C. E. ; Silas A.. 
married Arvilla Jackson of Newfane ; 
Chester W., m. Benleth Gove of Straf- 
ford ; lives in Brattleboro; Abner A., 
m. Caroline A. Huntley, dau. of Lyman 
Huntley. 

John L. and Wm. D., twins. John 
was killed, at the age of 20 years, by 
falling on a pitch-fork. William, m. 
1st, Lois Gould, of Dover, 2d, Kather- 
ine Smith of Wilmington. 

Lawson diei aged 5 years. 

Orra. m. Julia M. Pattee ; removed 
to Massachusetts. 

David Bailey died Mar. l;». 18GT 
aged 80. 

THE WILLARD FAMILY. 

The earliest settler in Dummerstoii 
by the name of Willard, was 

HKNHY WILLAKK 

from Ashburuham. Massachusetts. In 
1 785, he lived where Lewis Iladley now 
lives in the south part of tiie town, and 
remained on that farm till he sold it to 
Benjamin Hadley, father of Lewis. He 
married about 1785. Sarah Wilder, 
sister of Solomon Wilder of Brattleboro, 
father of Marshall, Anson, and Joseph 



180 



VERMONT HISTORICAL MAGAZINE. 



Marshall now lives on the old home- 
stead where Henry Willard com-ted Miss 
Wilder. People iu those days often 
went barefoot as long as the gi'ound was 
not covered with snow, and Mr. Willard 
was not an exception to the custom. He 
used to go com-tmg barefoot, and late in 
the fall of the year, the neighbors often 
tracked him home, when he returned 
late in the night, from such visits, by 
his foot-prints letl on the frosty ground. 
When he sold his farm, he bought again 
in West Dummerston where four gener- 
ations of the family have lived, the 
place being now in the possession of 
Nelson W. Willard. 

He was a man of property and bought 
and sold other farms in town. He kept 
a large stock of cattle, raised consider- 
able grain, but was careful to keep his 
gi-anaries locked. A friend once in- 
quired of him why he kept his grain 
vmder lock and key. ' ' Your neigbors," 
said he, " are all honest." " I know 
it, replied Mr. Willard, " but I want to 
keep them so." 

In our study of New England history, 
we often find the name Willard associ- 
ated with the early settlers, especially, 
that of Col. Josiah Willard as an orig- 
inal proprietor of several townships. 
For instance, the names of the proprie- 
tors of Westminster, Vt., on the 11th 
of June 1760, when the time for filfil- 
ing the charter was extended, included 
twelve Willards, viz : Josiah, William, 
Nathan, Oliver, Wilder, William, Jr., 
Prentice, Nathan, Jr., Solomon, Billey, 
Josiah, Jr., and Jonathan. Eight of 
these names appear on the charter of 
July 26, 1753. Nearly all the families 
of New England by this name, are de- 
scended from Major Simon AVillard, 
who emigrated to this country from the 
county of Kent in England. He is first 
mentioned as residing at Newton (now 



Cambridge, Mass.) in 1634, where her 
became acq^Hainted with the situation of 
Concord, Mass., by trading Avith the 
Indians. He was one of the original 
purchasers of Concord and removed to 
that place as early as 1635, and became 
by his influence and the otiices to which. 
he was elected, the chief citizen of the 
town. In 1654, he received the com- 
mission of Major and was commander- 
in-chief of the forces of IVIassachusetts 
in Ninigret and Philip's wars. In 1660, 
he removed to Lancester and was at 
Groton in 1672. He died in Charles- 
town, Mass., April 24, 1676. He was 
a brave commander, a wise statesman, 
and a trustworthy man, retaining the 
confidence of his fellow citizens undi- 
minished till the close of life. 

Major Willard had three wives, 1st, 
Mary Sharp, 2d, Elizabeth, sister of 
President Dunster, of Harvard college, 
3d, Mary Dunster, a relative of the sec- 
ond wife. By the first and third marri- 
ages, he had 17 children, 9 sons and 8 
daughters, most of whom lived to marry 
and have families. 

Henry, the 4th son, born at Concord, 
Mass., June 4, 1655 ; married Mary 
Laken of Groton, Mass., July 18, 1674 ; 
settled in Lancnster ; after the death of 
his wife in 1688, married, about 1689, 
Dorcas Cutler, who survived her hus- 
band and afterwards became the wife of 
Benjamin Bellows, of Lancester, and 
ancestor of the Bellows family in Wal- 
pole, N. H. — by these two wives had 
children : Henry, Simon, born Oct. 8, 
1678, Mary, John, Hezekiah, Joseph, 
Samuel, James, Josiah, Jonathan, Sa- 
rah, Abigail, Susanna, and Tabitha. 

Josiah son of Henry, bom about 1693, 
is known as Col. Josiah Willard, com- 
mander of Fort Dummer from 1 740 to 
1750. He married Hannah Wilder, of 
Lancaster, where he was born, and was 



DUMMERSTON. 



l«l 



among the first settlers of Luuenburgh, 
founded in 1719. His uncle, the Rev. 
Samuel Willard, was for a time Vice 
President of Harvard College. Col. 
Josiah died Dec. 8, 1750. He bore the 
character of a faithful and intelligent 
public officer, and was without reproach 
in the relations of private and domestic 
life. 

Josiah, Jr., his son, was born in Jan- 
uary 1716, and married Hannah Hub- 
bard of Groton. For several years he 
was intrusted with the charge of a gar- 
rison at Ashuelot (nowKeene.) N. H.. 
and in 1 749 removed to Winchester in 
that Province. On the death of his 
father he was promoted to the station 
he had held. Notice of this appoint- 
ment was conveyed by another Josiah 
Willard, a cousin, who for 39 years was 
secretary of the Province of Massach- 
usetts b\ a royal commission. ' ' I heart- 
ily join with you and your family," 
wrote the secretary in his letter, dated 
Dec. 18, 1750, in your mourning for 
the death of your father, esteeming it a 
great publick loss." Josiah, Jr., died 
in Winchester, Nov. 19, 178G, in the 
72d year of'his age. 

Henry Willard of Dummerston was a 
descendant of the Willards about whom 
we have written. He had two sons and 
six daughters, Benjamin, b. 1787, m. 
Lydia Bennett ; fSally, b. 1789, m. Wm. 
Barnes; Mary, b. 1792, married Isaac 
Cutler; Margaret, b. 179-1, m. John 
Whipple; Eunice, b. 1794, m. Josiah 
Goddard ; Olive, m. Nathaniel Taft ; 
Nancy, married Davis Rand ; Lewis, 
unmari-ied. 

Mr. Willard was heard to say that 
most parents married off their daugh- 
ters, but he married them on, as he 
furnished a home for some of them 
much of the time after marriage. His 
sons-in-law did QOt particularly please 



him, and in remarking about it, some- 
times he would say that he believed the 
devil owed him a spite and paid him off 
in son-in-laws." 

The children of Beujaniin and Lydia 
Willard were : Louisa, b. 1HU7, Kinily, 
Lydia, George, Nelson W., Beiijamin 
F., Henry, Mary A., Harriet V., and 
Marshall, ten in number. 

Peter Willard of this town was a 
cousin to Benjamin, born 1787. Hem. 
Olive Frost, of Brattleboro, Jan. 11, 
1802. Their children were : Jesse, 
Marinda, Ephraim, Nelson. 



JAMES CHASE 

was father of Capt. James A. Chase. 
They removed from Dis. No. 1 to No. 
3 on West Hill, and the farm they 
owned many years is still called the 
"Jim Chase place." James Chase died 
May 28, 1844, aged 93. Capt. James 
died Jan 30, 1871. aged 83. Samuel 
Chase m. Cloe Dunklee. Apr. 3, 1X08. 
Polly Chase died Sept. 4, 18G0, aged 83. 

DR. ISAAC BURNETT 

was the fatlior of Wilkins and Jotham, 
and by a 2d wife, Lydia — 



— who 

died Jan. 2, 1847, aged 88, had Mary, 
b. May 1, 1801, now living; married 
1st, Caleb Taft, son of Josiah ; 2d, Asa 
Dutton. 

Wilkins, m. Abigail Mirriam. Si'pf. 
10, 1799. 

Jotham, married Al)igail Pratt. Thi'ir 
children were: Isaac, b. Nov. 23, IMOJ, 
married Hannah Fisher, of Newfane. 
Stephen P., b. Mar. 27, 1808, married 
Emily, dau. of Samuel French ; Plubc 
Philena, 1811, m. Daniel Taylor: Ly- 
sandcr, 1814, m. Esther Fisher, of New- 
fane ; Mary, b. 181G, m. Geo. Rodney 
Miller ; Forris b. 1819, a photograplier, 
in New York, died uinnarried, aged 
about 30 years. 



182 



VERMONT HISTORICAL MAGAZINE. 



JOSEPH GLEASON 

married Sarah Ball : children Deborah, 
b. Aug. 15, 1786 ; Patty, 1789 ; Jacob, 
1791, died young; Susanna, 1793; 
Jacob, 2d, 1796 ; Mary, Feb. 8, 1799. 
One Joseph Gleason, Jr., married 
Sibyl Stickney, Jan. 12, 1802 ; Chil- 
dren : Sally, b. 1802; Louis, 1803; 
Lydia, 1805; Deborah, 1807; Jacob, 
1809. 



THE MILLER FAMILY 
OF WEST DUMMERSTON. 

This is a distinct family from Isaac 
Miller, resident in the east part of the 
town. The progenitor of this family 
was Samuel, son of Robert Miller one 
of the first settlers of Londonerry, N. H. 
His name appears on a tax-list of that 
town of Nov. 9, 1750. He probably 
continued his residence in Londonderry 
and died there. His wife died in New 
Boston, N. H., with her daughter Mrs. 
Patterson. Their children were : 

Matthew, b. June 15, 1730 ; m. Mary 
Morrison, and died in Pomfret, Vt., 
May 30, 1824, aged 94 years. 
James and William, twins, b. 1738 ; 

Samuel, John, and Susanna who m. 
Dea. Patterson. ; 

William, married Jane Todd, dau. of 
Col. Andrew Todd ; 

James, married Catherine Gregg, who 
d. May 23, 1833, aged 89 years. He 
died Nov. 21, 1825, aged 87 years. 
They resided in Peterborough, N. H., 
and reared up a large and important 
family. Their children were: Hugh, 
b. Oct. 1768 ; m. Anna Templeton ; d. 
Dec. 10, 1847, aged 79 years. 

Samuel, b. 1772; m. Sylvia Keep; 
removed to Dummerston. 

Jenny, born 1774 ; married Samuel 
Templeton. 



James, b. April 25, 1776 ; m. 1st 
wife, Martha Ferguson ; 2d, wife Ruth 
Flint, Lincoln, Mass. 

Polly, b. 1777, d. Dec. 28, 1796. 

Catherine, b. ; m. Daniel Mc- 

Farland, d. in Antrim, N. H. ; 

Jacob, 5. ; m. Jane Popkins ; 

d. in Arkansas, 1822. 

William, b. . 

GENERAL JaMES MiLLER 

has a distinguished record. He became 
a lawyer ; was Major, of the 4th. Uni- 
ted States Infantry, 1808 ; Lt. Colonel, 
5th Infantry, 1810 ; Brevet Col. 1812 ; 
Col., 21st Infantry 1814 ; Brevet Brig- 
adier-General, 1814, when Congress 
presented him a gold medal for gallantry 
on the Canadian frontier ; was governor 
of Arkansas Territory 1819-25 ; Col- 
lector of Salem, Mass., 1825—49 ; died 
at Temple, N. H., July 7, 1851. He 
was father of Commodore James F. 
Miller, U. S. N. 1803-68. 

It is stated in the history of Peter- 
borough N. H., that Gen. James Miller 
was of Scotch-Irish descent. This would 
make the connection that Robert Miller, 
born about 1664, was brother to Isaac 
Miller, b. about 1670, and father of 
Isaac Miller, Jr., b. 1708, a first settler 
in Dummerston. Therefore the chil- 
dren of John Miller, b. 1756 were third 
cousins to Samuel Miller, b. 1772. 

Gen. James Miller immortalized 
his name, however, in the Battle of 
Niagara, or Lundy's Lane, in 1814. 
When, in the course of the battle, it was 
necessary that a certain British battery 
should be carried, Gen. Brown, address- 
ing Colonel Miller said, '" Colonel, take 
your regiment, storm that work and 
take it." "I '11 try sir," responded the 
brave Miller promptly and immediately 
moved for\yard to the perilous task. A 
letter of his written to his wife gives a 



DUMMER8T0N 



183 



graphic description of this adventure. 
It was dated Fort Erie, July 28, 1814, 
the battle having been fought on the 
2oth, iust. The letter is published in 
full in the history of Peterborough. 
When the order was given him to take 
the battery, he says : 

" I had short of three hundred men 
with me, I, however, immediately obey- 
ed the order. The enemy had got their 
artillery posted on a height in a very 
commanding position, where they could 
rake our columns in every part of the 
field, and prevented their advancing. 
"We could see their slow matches and 
port-fires burning and ready. I did not 
know what side of the work was most 
favorable to approach, but happened to 
hit upon a very favorable place, notwith- 
standing we advanced upon the mouths 
of their cannon. It appeared that there 
was an old rail-fence on the side where 
we approached, with a small growth of 
shrubbery by the fence and Avithin less 
than two rods of the cannon's mouth, 
undiscovered by the enemy. I then 
very cautiously ordered my men to rest 
across the fence, take good aim, fire, 
and rush, which was done in style. Not 
one man at the cannon was left to put 
fire to them. We got into the centre of 
their park before they had time to oppose 
us. A British line was formed, and 
lying in a st^-ong position to protect their 
artillery. The moment Ave got to the 
centre, they opened a most destructive 
flank fire on us, killed a great many, 
and attempted to charge Avith the bay- 
onets. We returned the fire so Avarmly 
they Avere compelled to stand ; we fought 
hand to hand for some time, so cLse 
that the blaze of our guns crossed each 
other ; but Ave compelled them to aban- 
doned their Avhole artillery, amraunition- 
Avagons and all, amounting to seven 
pieces of elegant brass cannon, one of 
Avhich Avas a 2-t pounder, Avith eight 
horses and harness, though some of 
them Avere killed. The British made 
tAA' o more attempts to charge us at close 
quarters, both of which I repulsed be- 
fore I AA-as reinforced, after Avhich the 
1st and 23d Regs, came to my relief. 
And CA en after that, the British charged 



j with their whole line there several times, 
I and after getting witliin half pistol-shot 
j of us Avere compelled to give way. I 
took, Avitli my regiment, between tliirty 
and forty prisoners, Avhile taking and 
defending the artillery. * » 

After Generals Brown, Scott, and others 
Avere wounded, we were ordered to re- 
turn back to our camp, about three 
miles, and preparations had not been 
made for taking ofl^" the cannon, as it 
was impossible for me to defend them 
and make preparations for that too, and 
they Avere all left on the ground except 
one beautiful six-pounder, Avhicli was 
presented to my regiment in testimony 
of their distingiiislied gallantry. The 
ofiicers of tliis army all say. wlio saw 
j it, that it was one of the mos-t desperate 
things they ever saw or heard of. Gen. 
Brown told me, the moment he saAV me, 
that I had immortalized myself. ' But,' 
said he, * my dear fellow, my heart 
ached for you when I gave you the or- 
der, but I kncAv it Avas the only thing 
that Avould save us. 

Samuel Miller 

came from Dover in this County, to 
Dummerston in 1813, and bought the 
farm OAvned by James Munn for §2000 
He resided there till the time of his 
death in 1855. The buildings on 
the farm Avere all burned by an incen- 
diary Feb. 14, 1877. It is an exceUeiit 
hill farm, but is locatetl so far buck, on 
West hill that no one has cared to pur- 
chase and rebuild. 

Mr. Miller had tAvo sons and fi\'e 
daughters. James m. Klvira Wliipple, 
and was the father of Mary Miller, wife 
of John K. Leonard, Estj., killed in- 
stantly Aug. 19, 1881. 

Geo. Rodney, represented tlie town 
in the legislature in 1850. 

The other children were Mary, C'har- 
lotte, Catherine, Jane, and Sophia. 

The wife of Enos Leonard ami mother 
of John K. was Matilda Keep, sister to 
Sylvia Keep, wife of Samuel ^liller. 



VERMONT HISTORICAL MAG4ZINE. 



184 

Sophia Miller married John W. Cook 
and they are living in West Brattleboro. 
Jane died aged 16 years. Catherine, 
unmarried. Charlotte married Austin 
Wheeler, Mary m. Nathaniel Parish. 
Geo. Rodney married Mary Burnett, 
daughter of Jotham Burnett. 

DAVID DARLING 

one of the first settlers in this section of 
the town, cleared up the land, which 
Asa Whitney now owns, and on the 
place, built and lived in a small house 
long since gone. He lived to be quite 
aged, and died suddenly of heart disease 
about 1820, while out in the forest gath- 
ering the honey of wild bees. Old lady 
Darling, his wife, was known as an ex- 
cellent cook in those days, and a favor- 
ite dish, which she prepared, so as to 
make it very palatable, was fish and 
potatoe. "Fish," she said to her guests 
"had to swim three times — once in 
water, once in butter and once in cider 
"This was quite evident, as she poured 
in a large quantity of melted butter while 
cookixig and furnished plenty of cider 
for the table. 

Abigail Darling, m. Jonathan Bump, 
April 7, 1805. 

SKELTON FOSTER 

was, probably, a brother of John Foster 
who lived across the river in Dis. No. 
6. John, m. Abigail Sanderson, Jan. 
25, 1804, an-i their children were Joel 
S., b. Oct. 31, 1805; Samuel W., 
Maria, and Spencer. 

LEMUEL BARRETT 

married Hannah Dunklee, Sept. 20, 
1801. Their children were Humphrey, 
born in Brattleboro, married Arozina, 
dau.of Joseph Hildreth ; Linda, born 
in Dummo-ston, 1803, Lysia, Pardon, 
Michajah. 

Sidney H. Barrett, son of Humph- 
rey lives on the parental farm. 



DANIEL ZWEARS 

was one of the first settlers in this sec- 
tion of the town. His wife was a sister 
of Henry Willard. Their children were : 
Hannah, b. Aug. 8, 1772 ; Lois, born 
Sept. 15, 1774; Daniel, 1777; Benja- 
min, 1779 ; Peter, 1783 ; Henry, 1785. 
Benjamin, m. Sally Stickney, Jan. 16, 
1800. Lois, m. Darius Mann, Jan. 
12, 1792. Hannah, married Thomas 
Betterley, Jr., of Newfane. 

SAMUEL GUERNSEY 

and Jerusha Darling his wife, were from 
"Betcher," Mass., as recorded, and 
their first child, Samuel, Jr., was born 
June 1, 1784, in that town. John, 
Joseph, Levi, Darling, Jerusha and 
Lydia were born in Brattleboro . Esther , 
m. 1801, and David 1805, were born in 
this town. Mr. Guernsey lived near 
neighbor to Humphrey Barrett, across 
the brook south from his residence, in 
buildings long since gone to decay. 

DISTRICT NO. 2. 

contained in 1810, nine families, " all 
the inhabitants from Newfane line to 
the Baptist meeting-house on West river 
road, and west from said road so as to 
include Elisha Randall and Moses Row- 
ell (Roel)" The other families were 
Willard Foster, Joseph Dunklee, Seth 
Briggs, Daniel Peters, Moody Tenney, 
Luke Taylor and Joel Cutting. 

ELISHA RANDALL 

married Lydia Merrick, daughter of 
Capt. Ebenezer Merrick. Dec. 25, 1799. 
The family lived near Moses Roel on 
the road leading to the Emerson place. 

Children : Lewis, Ebenezer, Leonard, 
Emily, Eveline, Harriet, and Elizabeth. 

Ebenezer m. Sally Brown ; Leonard 
mar. Lois Bird, and removed to Gran- 
ville, Mass. ; Emily married 1st, Sam. 
Dike, 2d, — Roland ; Harriet married 
a Mr. Woodcock. 



DUMMERSTON. 



185 



MOSES ROEL. 

was born in Oxford, Mass. His par- 
ents (lied when, he was quite younp:. 
Soon after their death, he went to live 
with Dr. Baker of Guilford, who was 
an uncle (»f his. His sister, Zurviah, 
also went there to live. When he was 
about 8 years of age, he came to Dum- 
merston and lived during his minority 
with Samuel Gowen, Avho owned what 
is now called the Huntley place. He 
had no brother, and his only sister, Zur- 
viah, Avas a resident of this town at the 
time she married Nahum Norcross, Jan. 
17. 1796. Moses married Oily, dau. 
of Nathaniel French, Nov. 22, 1807. 
He bought a farm of Nathaniel Mann, 
formerly owned by Daniel Belknapp, 
and occupied it the same year he was 
married. They had a famity of 10 
children : Almira m. Almond Butter- 
field ; removed to Mexico, N. Y. ; died 
in June 1854, leaving a family of 11 
•children. 

Nathaniel F.,m. Nancy Herrick and 
removed to Randolph, Mass. ; died in 
July 1878. 

Orrilla m. Harvey Greenwood ; died 
5n 1835. 

Alfred removed to Bandolph, Mass., 
•m. Mary Ann HoUis ; died June 1860, 
leaving 4 cliildi-en, 

Austin, m. in Randolph, 1st, Joanna 
White, 2d, Abby Bigelow ; died Jan. 
27, 1878, leaving 2 children. 

Edson M., unmarried and resides in 
Randolph. 

Charles G., m. 1st. Julia Ward : had 
four children ; m. 2d. Maria Wellman, 
mother of one child. 

Betsey B.,d. suddenly, in Randolph. 
Oct. 1845. 

Sylvanus B. was a graduate of Am- 
herst College, in 1852, and at the time 
24 



of his death was a member of the senior 
class at Andover Seminary. He died 
of typhoid fever, in Holden, Mass. Sept. 
1854, aged 26 years, and was at that 
time in charge of a select scliool. His 
pupils erected a monument over his 
remains. 

Mary E. died in Randolpli in lH4ii. 
Charles G. Roel now lives on the par- 
ental farm. 

C\l*T. SETH BUIG(;S 

born Nov. 7, 1760; m. Hannah, dau. 
of Capt. Ebenezer Merrick who was l». 
in 1722 and died 1811). Capt. Briggp 
died ]\Iar. 21, 1824. Hannah, his wife. 
born Nov. 25, 1762, died Dec. 6. 1838. 
— children : 

Hannah, b. Dec. 22, 1785. married 
Willard Foster and lived near Branch 
Bridge. 

Sarah, born Nov. 10, 1788. m. Joel 
Hudson, d. Mar. 5, 1878 ; 

Mary. b. Dec. 4. 1700, married Wni. 
Spaulding ; 

Patty, b. 1793, m. Henry God.lard. 
d. 1819. 

Lucinda, b. Mar. 9, 1795, married 
Thompson Kingsbury, d. July 11, 1865. 

Elizabeth, b. Mar. 27. 1797. married 
Cornelus Hadley. 

Eleanor, b. May 16. 1799. married 
Samuel Perry. 

Abigail, b. 1802. d. 1811 : 

Harriet, b. Apr. 29. 1804. m. Robert 
Lyndsey. d. Feb. 1. 1881 ; 

Fanny, b. May 2^ 1^06. unmarried, 
d. 1882. 

Laura, born May 27, 1809, m. Sila.'* 
Ashley, d. June 11, 1843. It is some- 
what remarkable that in tliis family 
there were 1 1 daughters and no sons. 

.JOSEPH mSCKI.KY .)K. 
m. Ruth Field, Nov. 22, IHOl. lived at 
one time in the West village and tended 
the grist mill. Joseph Diiuklee. Son., 



186 



VERMONT HISTORICAL MAGAZINE. 



supposed to be the father of Joseph Jr., 
married the mother of Hannah, sister to 
Jacob Pierce and wife of Ormsbee But- 
terfield. Benjamin, son probably of 
Joseph, Jr., ra. Ruth Sarj>;eant ; was a 
blacksmith and had a shop many years 
ago, just below the Josiah Dodge place, 
where Benjamin Estabrook worked as 
an apprentice about 1806. 

MOODY TETCNET, 

a half brother of Josiah, m. Arathusa 
Underwood; children: Reuben, born 
1809, Daniel and Bennett. The young- 
est son was killed in Massachusetts by 
a large rock which fell or. him. Mr. 
Tenney lived in the old toll-house, tended 
the bridge and worked at the trade of 
making saddle-tacks. 

LUKE TAYLOR 

deacon of the Baptist churcti m the 

West village, m. Mary , and their 

children were John, b. 1795, Daniel, b. 
1797, Elizabeth L., born 1800, Polly, 
1802, Luke, Jr., 1804, Charles W., 
1806, Rachel, 1809, andElhanan, 1812. 
Daniel, married 1st, Harriet, dau. of 
Zebulon Goss, 2d, Philena Burnett, dau. 
of Jotham. George, a son of Daniel 
lives in the Hague. 

Moses Taylor, one of the first settlers 

in this part of the town. m. Sarah , 

whose children were : Terzah, b. Aug. 
7, 1777, Rebecca, b. May 26, 1779, 
Job, b. Sept. 20, 1783, Martha, b. Feb. 
7. 1787. Isaac Taylor, who married 

Elizabeth , had Sarah, b. Nov. 27, 

1786, m. Joseph Bruce 1807. 

There was an Isaac Taylor also, who 
used to make potash some 60 years ago, 
near the old bridge-place. IsraeTTaylor 
and Betsey, his wife, had twins, Huldah 
and Sally, b. Nov. 11, 1800. 

No school-house Avas built for the use 
of the school in this district. At first 
the district rented a part of Zebulon 



Goss's house, wherein a school was 
kept a few years. Afterwards, a part 
of the store, then standing |ust south of 
Taft's tavern, was fitted up and used for 
the school a long time. In 1820, the 
number of scholars was 52, as oflftcially 
reported by Elder Levi Dunham. Joel 
Chandler was a teacher in that district 
several years, and also Rufus Hadley, 
Hannah Estabrook, a sister of Benja- 
min, taught there in the summer of 1822. 
Anthony Jones was the store-keeper in 
1820. Josiah Taft, the tavern-keeper. 
Taft married Anna Rice, of Uxbridge, 
Mass., children : Nancy, b. 1793, Calebs 
1795, Nathaniel, 1797, Reuben. The 
old tavern is now a dwelling house, and' 
a part of the old store forms an addition, 
to it. 

OrSTRLCT NO. 3, WEST 

on the hill comprised in 1810, nine fam- 
ilies, James Mann, Josiah Ward, Nath-^ 
aniel Bixby, Stephen Munn, Samuel 
Stoddard, Jonathan Tenney, Amasa 
Child, Jonathan Tenney, Jr., Samuel 
Laugh ton. 

JAMES MUNJf, 

known as Elder James Munn, tHougR 
he Avas not a licensed preacher, yet, as- 
he preached several years. Elder Munn- 
m. Anna Rogers, Sept. 3, 1789. Their 
childi-en were : James, b. 1790, Abijah, 
1792, George, 1793, Betsey, 1796, 
Sally, 1798, Hosea, 1801.. William. R., 
1806. 

Stephen Munn, who married Naomi 
Perham, Oct. 4, 1798, had y, family of" 
10 children. 

Darius Munn, m. Lois Z wears had; 
Daniel, Jr. b. 1795; 

SAMUEL. STODDARD.. 

David, the father of Samuel, was 
from Massachusetts and settled in Ches- 
terfield, N. H. He married Joanna 
Kingsly and they had 9 children, — 



DUMMERSTON. 



is: 



Thomas, David, Eleazer, Lemuel, Asa, 
Samuel, Joseph, Jemima, and Abigail. 
He was a commissioned officer. Lieu- 
tenant? in the Revolutifjnary army, and 
died in the service. 

Samuel was born in Chesterfield, INIay 
11, 1767 ; came to Dummerston about 
1795 and purchased land on what is now 
called Stoddard Hill. ^Y\\c■n he had 
made a clearing and was ready to 'burn 
"his first piece, he notified ft-iends in 
Chesterfield, and they witnessed the con- 
flagration 10 miles away in plain sight 
■of the old homestead. He m. Zurviah 
Richmond, Mar. 7, 1798 ; their children 
were: Samuel, Jr., b. 1798, Anna, b. 
1801, Lydia, b. 1803, Levi, b. June 
30, 1806. William, b. 1808, SibyL 

The children of Levi, who m. Ermine, 
grand-daughter of Capt. John Wyman, 
a Revolutionary soldier, are Alonzo D., 
Horace R., Ephraim S., Eliza L., Rose 
A., and Anna C. Horace resides on 
fhe parental farm. 

DISTRICT NO. 4, WEST 

had ten families in 1810, as follows: 
Stephen Bennett, Daniel Goss, Richard 
Dean, Joseph Bennett, Asa Parish, 
Luke Butterfield, Zebulon Goss, Jona- 
than Child, John Whipple, Pain P. 
Brown. 

LT. STEPHEN BENNETT 

was the son of Stephen Bennett who 
m. Hannah Turnes. His parents came 
from Mansfield, Ct. He died Apr. 19, 
1807 aged 70, and was buried in the 
grave-yard near the old church on West 
hill. The children were : John. LTrial, 
who was a physician ; Eunice, married 
Nathaniel Munn ; Senia, m. Eleazer 
Church ; Mehitable, m. Horace Turner ; 
Polly, who m. " Capt." Wm. Helton. 
Stephen Bennett removed with his 
family from Mansfield, Ct., to a farm 
in Brattleboro near the '>amuel IMartin 



place, formerly owned Ijy Mr. Muiin. 
His son, Lt. Stephen, bought a farm in 
Dummerston in 1786, made a clearing 
md built a house near where the sugar- 
house now stands and not far from the 
site of the present buildings on the place. 
He m Ruth Fellows and tlieir children 
were : 

Senia, b. Mar. 9, 1791, unmarriiMJ 
and now living in BrattleboiX) at tlie age 
of 91 in the enjoyment of good health 
and strength and a competence for licr 
declining years. 

OrrenL., now living, l).Sfpi, 1"), 1792. 
lives on the parental arm where he has 
resided 90 years ; Olive, b. Aug. 4, 
1794, m. Reuben Thayer and removed 
to New York ; Lucinda, b. May 23. 
1796, m. David Merrick, lialf brotlier 
to Reubxin Thayer and removed to New 
York; Almira, b. July 31, 1800, un- 
married, lived with her sister, Senia, in 
Brattleboro, and died in 1880. 

Lt. Stephen sold his farm to his sou. 
Orren, and went back to the old home- 
stead in Brattleboro where he died and 
was buried in that town. ()rren m. 
Sarah, daughter of Stephen Bowker, of 
Walpole, N. H. She was born in West- 
moreland, N. H., in 1800, and is now 
living. Her father was uncle to the late 
S. Wright Bowker, of Newfane. The 
children of Orren were: Stephen B., 
Oscar L. F., Henry C. George R. and 
Sarah Jane. 

Samuel Bennett, Sen., was uncle to 
Lt. Stei)hen, and his children were : 
Samuel, Jr., Emery, Charles, Jesse. 
Lydia. and Lucy, wiio m. James Lar 
rabee. Samiud. Jr.. m. Heplizibaii 
Foster, Mar. 16, 1800. Charles, m. 
Sally Graves, Dec. 0, 1805. Jesse, m. 
Tryphenia Black of Putney, July 14. 
1805. Julia Bennett, married Voraiius 
Larrabee, Mar. 20, 1808, probably sis- 



188 



VERMONT HISTORICAL MAGAZINP: 



ter to Lydia who m. Benjamin Willard. 
Joseph Bennett, a brother of Samuel, | 
married a Whipple and settled where j 
Lyman Dean has since lived. 

DANIEL GOSS 

was born in Mendon, Mass. Nov. 23, 
1764. His parents were Zebulon and 
Mary Goss, whose cliildren were : Dan- 
iel, Henry, Zebulon, William, Enos, 
Hannah, Clarissa, Sally and Priscilla. 

Daniel, m. Tirzah Prouty, born in 
Mendon, Mass., Feb. 15, 1769, died 
1843, aged 84 ; children : Clarissa, b. 
in Dummerston, Mar. 8, 1793, married 
James Eastman, of Newfane ; 

Zebulon, b. Sept. 12, 1794, married 
Betsey Chamberlain ; 

Amanda, b. Dec. 9, 1795 ; Polly, b. 
Sept. 27, 1797, mar. Samuel Morse ; 
Cynthia, b. July 13, 1799, m. a Prouty. 
Nancy, 1807 ; AVilliam, 1809, m. Lucy 
Belknap ; Lovinia, m. Edson Whipple. 
Henry Goss, m. Polly Wood of Men- 
don. Zebulon, m. Delany Prouty, sis- 
ter of Daniel's wife. William, mariied 
Eunice Wood. Enos, m. Sally Wood. 
Hannah, m. Richard Dean. Clarrisa, 
married Henry Walker, of Rutland. 
Pricilla, m. John Saddler of Upton. 
Mass. 

Zebulon and Delana Goss's children 
■were : Trena,b. Feb. 17, 1801, m. John 
Manley ; Orra, Aug. 25, 1802, married 
Frances, dau. of Col. Rawson of Men- 
don ; Harriet, May 25, 1804, married 
Daniel, son of Dea. Luke Taylor, of 
Newfane; Henry, Jan. 20, 1806, m. 
Betsey, dau. of Luke Kendall ; Mary, 
Dec. 19, 1807 ; Roswell, Oct 17, 1809, 
d. unmarried ; Chester, Aug. 27, 1811. 
died a sea-faring man ; Emery, March 
28, 1813, m. Mary Wood of Boston ; 
Melinda, Jan. 8, 1815, married Joseph 
Tilden of Boston ; Daniel, Jan. 25, 
1817,, lived in Boston ; Hannah, Aug. 



12, 1819, and Lydia, July 17, 1821, d. 
young. 

The children of Enos and Sally Goss 
were : Austin who m. Deborah Newton, 
of Newfane ; Mary, m. David Murphy, 
of Boston ; Harriet, m. Alonzo Dutton ; 
Charlotte, m. Sumner Ballou, of Men- 
don ; Elizabeth and Adeliu, not mar- 
ried ; Sarah, married Ebenezer Taft, of 
Mendon; George W., m. Mehitable 
Hitchcock, of Westminster ; Laura Ann 
reraa'ned single; Charles E., married 
Melvina, dau. of Dr. Cyrus Butterfield. 
Sally, wife of Enos Goss, d. Mar. 4, 
1865, aged 83. 

RICHARD DEAN 

and Hannah Goss, his wife, -N^ere the 
parents of Henry, b. Aug. 17. 1800, 
married in Boston and became wealthy ; 
Dolly, b. 1803, married Martin, son of 
Rufus Moore ; Lyman, born 1807, m. 
Olive Salisbury ; Mary, married Orra 
Johnson ; Austin married a Thayer and 
had a family of 13 children. 

ASA PARISH 

married Lovina Gary, Apr. 2S,^ 1791 ; 
children: Anson, C.,b. July 18,, 1792^ 
m. Sarah Chamberlain, 1816 ; Juliaetta, 
b. Jan. 20, 1795, m. Capt. William 
Walker, a brother of Dr. Sewall Walk- 
er ; Nathaniel, m. Mary, daughter of 
Samuel Miller. Asa Parish died Feb. 
1, 1830, aged 61. He built the two 
story brick house in which he lived 
many years. The school was kept in 
his house before the first school-house 
in the district was built. Orren L. 
Bennett went to school there when he 
was a small boy. Five dwelling houses 
in this neighborhood were built of brick, 
made in that vicinity. The brick-yard 
was located about 100 rods south from 
the James Chase place, and was owned 
by Lt. Stephen Bennett and Zebulon 
Goss. Mr. Goss had charge of the 
work in the brick-yard. 



DUMMERSTON. 



189 



LUKE BLTTEHFIELD 

lived uear where the school-house now 
stands and which first stood at the top 
of the hill south from its present situa- 
tion. He married, 1st, Polly Farr, of 
Chesterfield, N. H., had one son Alpha, 
lame, and a tailor by trade ; 2d wife, 
Mercy Field ; children : Mary, married 
James Lamb, of Halifax ; Susanna died 
aged 18 ; Luke, Jr., married Sophronia 
Kellogg, of Mexico, N. Y. ; Zenas, m. 
Mercy Ware, sister of Dr. Cyrus But- 
tei'field's wife ; Fanny, m. Obed, son of 
Capt. Ellis Griffith ; Sophia, m. Wm. 
Huntley of Mexico, N. Y. ; Almond, 
m. Almyra, dau. of Moses Boel and 
removed to Mexico, N. Y. ; Emily, 
m. Thomas, s<m of Gamaliel Arnold ; 
Franklin, married Mary, dau. of Lot 
Holland, and lived during his life on the 
old homestead, which is owned and 
occupied by John F. Butterfield, his 
son. 

CAPT. EZRA BUTTERFIELD, 

a' brother of Luke, resided in Dis. No. 
1 , AVest. on the road leading south to 
AYickopee Hill. He was born Oct. 21, 
1749, m. Martha Hadley, b. Jan. 29, 
1760. She was, probably, a sister of 
Benjamin Hadley ; children : Ezra, Jr. 
b. Apr. 19, 1778; Ebenezer, Feb. 1, 
1780; Zenas, Feb. 22, 1782, m. Sally 
Turner, of Putney, Dec. 1, 180;^; Su- 
sanna, Aug. 2, 1785, m. Seth Woods. 
1805 ; Samuel, July 17, 1787, married 
PollyMiller, May 8, 1805; Martha, 
May 22, 1790 ; Cyrus, Mar. 15, 1791 ; 
Nabby, 1793; Levi, 1794; Benjamin, 
1T97. Ebenezer, m. Martha Thompson, 
Dec. 4, 1803 ; children : Almyra and 
Jesse. The children of Zenas and Sally 
were: Alanson, born Oct. 20, 1804, 
Diantha, Zenas, Hannah, Sarah, Ezra, 
Betsey and Lucy. Polly Butterfield, 
m. James Lamb, Jan. 16, 1811. 



1>R. CVUUS BUTTERKIELU 

was not a physician in the regular prac- 
tice, having made no special preparation 
for his profession. He married Lucy 
Ware and tlieir children were : Diiina 
who m. Alfred Prouty, of Brattleboro ; 
Harriet, m. Charles Harris ; Sylvia, m. 
Wilder Hudson ; Philena, m. Elijah 
Reed; Melvina, m. 1st, Cliarles E. 
Goss, 2d, Henry AMri.-h. 

JONATHAN CHILI) 

married Abiah Larrabee, Feb. 11,1 7h8, 
both of Dummerston ; cliildr.n : Jona- 
than, Jr., b. Oct. 30, 1788; Abiah, 
Dec. 28, 1790. 

JOHN wiiirrLE, 
He married, it is supposed, Bathusa 
Eleanor Hutcliins ; children : Betsey, 
b. 1790, married Daniel Aldrich ; John, 

1791, m. Margaret Willard ; Dimmua, 

1792, m. George Betterley of Newfane ; 
Polly, 1794, married a Howe ; Samuel, 
Alfred, Laura, Edson, Elvira, Maria. 

DISTRICT NO. V, WEST. 

A new school-house was built in this 
district, on the site of the old one, in 
1880. The first school-house stood some 
40 rods farther south than the new one, 
and opposite where the road lea<ling 
from the Moore place joins the main 
road to Brattleboro. Calvin Halladay 
I reported, otficially, 32 scholars in the 
'district in 1820. The following famil- 
|ies resided here in 18T0: J<»hn Morse, 
j Samuel Morse» Ellis Griffith, Asaph 
'' Pettingill, Gamidiel Arnold, Lemuel 
! Graham, Joel Stoekwcll. Jonas Stuik- 
well and Rufus Moore. 

' CAIT. >.LUS »;UTKHTn 



id Elizabeth 



-, about I 7S7 ; 



children: Betsey, b. Sept. 7, 1789, m. 
Albert Burgess of Providence, U. L ; 
Waitstill. Nov. 2, 1791 ; Obed, Jan. 5, 
17;)3, married Fanny Butterfield and 



190 



VERMONT HISTORICAL MAGAZINE. 



removed to Mexico, N. Y. ; Mary, 
Nov. 12, 1794, m. Calvin Halladay ; 
Lydia, Sept 19, 1798, xmmarried ; Ru- 
by H., Nov. 3, 1807, m. Abel Moore. 

GAMALIEL ARNOLD 

married Catherine, daughter of John 
Wheeler, of Newfane. She was born 
in 1771; chiklren : Mary, b. 1792; 
Darius, 1793,d. 1795 ; Catherine, 1 796 ; b. 1814, m. Charles Tracy, of Vernon, 



she was sick seVeral months and died 
Dec. 16, 1837, aged 36. Elder Wm. 
H. Hodges, a Methodist preacher for 
20 years on Dummerston West Hill, 
preached her funeral sermon. 

The children of Rufus and Anna 
Stockwell were : Jonas F. b, 1812, m. 
Lucinda Jillson of Newfane ; Caroline, 



Gamaliel, Jr., 1797 
m. Emily Butterfield, 
Clark, 1801; Betty 
1804; George, 1808; 



Thomas, 1798, 

Feb. 28, 1827; 

1802 ; Serena, 

Wheeler, 1810. 



Sally Arnold m. Henry Holland, Jan. 
28, 1«27. 

JONAS STOCKWELL 

married Susanna Wheeler, dau. of John 
Wheeler, of Newfane. She was born 
in 1762, and her sister Mary, b. 1767, 
m. Joel Stockwell, brother of Jonas. 
The children of Jonas and Susanna 
were : Anson, b. Aug. 26, 1783 ; 

Rufus, b. Nov. 3, 1785, m. Anna 
Halladay, of Marlboro ; 

Lucinda, born Mar. 21, 1788, mar- 
ried April 20, 1815, John Estabrook 
of Brattleboro ; 

Luke, b. Dec. 11, 1789, lived on the 
parental farm after the death of his 
father, m. Anna Nichols still living at 
the age of 87 ; 

Susanna, b. 1793, d. 1796 ; 

Sarah Jedidah, b. Sept. 23, 1794, m. 
John Clark, son of Thomas Clark, Mar. 
31, 1818; 

Susanna, 2d, b. Sept. 29, 1799, m. 
George Nichols still, living at 85 years 
and son of James, who died Mar. 30, 
1863 aged 98. 

John W. b. Sept. 29, 1799 ; 

Melinda, b. Oct. 26, 1801, unmar- 
She was a school teacher many 



ried. 



years, taught in the summer of 1835 ia 
district No. 1, East near the home of 
her brother-in-law, John Clark, where 



Ct. ; Adaline, b. 1817, m. Hiram Rowe 
of New Haven, Ct. ; Rufus, D. born 
1821, d. 1828 ; Lucy, b. 1823, unmar- 
ried. Denslow M. Stockwell, son of 
Jonas F., lives on the parental farm. 

LEMUEL GRAHAM 

married Eunice Burnham, Aug. 12, 
1784 ; children : Luke,b. Feb. 10, 1785, 
m. Mary ? Lamb ; Eunice, b. April 
29, 1788, m. Joseph Coughlin, who re- 
sided near the central part of the town 
where B. F. Willard now lives ; Caleb, 
b. Sept. 16, 1789, m. Mercy Burnham, 
Nov 18, 1813; Anna, b. Sept. 6, 
1791 ; Samuel, b. Oct. 1793 ; Lemuel, 
Jr., July 16, 1795 ; Betsey, b. April 1, 
1800; Sophia, b. Feb. 11, 1802, m. 
Wm. Rockwood ; Theda, b. April 11, 
1804, m. a Comstock ; Alanson and 
Ljman, twins, born Mar. 31, 1806; 
Carter, b. July 8, 1808 ; Andrew born 
1811. 

AndreAV Graham, brother of Lemuel, 
died Mar. 26, 1807. His wife. Submit, 
died Feb. 13, 1803. Molly Graham, 
m. John Hill, Mar. 8, 1786. Lieut. 
Richard Coughlin, the father of Joseph, 
was a resident of Chesterfield. N. H., 
where his children were born. His wife 
was Sarah . He was a Revolution- 
ary soldier and died in the service. His 
children were : Thomas, Joseph, George, 
Richard, Sally, Melinda, Susan and 
Eunice. 

George married a Wait ; Melinda, m. 
Seth Herrick of Brattleboro ; Sally, m. 



DUMMERSTON. 



101 



Henry Potter, :Miir. 10, 1807 ; Susan, 
m. a Judson ; Evraiee. married Josepli 
Herrick of Krattleboro. 

The children of Joseph Coughlin 
were : Merritt, who married Mary Anu 
Tenney ; Obed G., Mary Ann, Lemuel 
G., Julia Ann, and Charles H. 

RUFUS MOORE 

married R;ichel Moore and their child- 
ren were : Martin, b. Feb. 11, 1804;- 
Abel, b. Jan. 2-4, 180G ; Emily, Jan. 
26, 1808. 

Martin married Dolly Dean and had 
Martin H. , Rufus A. , Laura i^nd George 
D. Abel. m. Ruby H., daughter of 
Capt. Ellis Griffith. 

Abel Moore, a resident of the town, 

m. Lois , and their children were : 

Mary Ann, b. Aug. 6, 1809; Betsey 
P., Lucy W., John W., Abel H., 
Gardner M., and Dana R., b. 1820. 

JOHN FOSTER 

married Abigail Hudson. Children : 
Joel S., b. Oct. 31, 1805 ; Samuel W., 
b. June 26, 1806 ; Maria, b. Feb. 12, 
1808 ; Spencer F., b. Mar. 30, 1810; 
Mary, b. , m. Chester French. 

Skelton Foster may have been a bro- 
ther of John Foster. 

Willard Foster married Hannali. dau. 
of Capt. Seth Briggs. She was born 
Dec. 22, 1785. 

Dr. Stephen Sewall Foster married 
Sally, d'au. of Daniel Belknap. She 
was born. May 14, 1795>. >J^o record 
of children. 

COL. A. li. FOSTER. 
[ BUULINGTOX FREE PRESS. ] ' 

whose sudden deatth, at Montreal, lias 
so shocked his numerous friends, was. 
born in Dummerston, in 1817, but re- 
moved with his fiither, the late Dr. 
Stephen Sewell Foster, to Frostvillage, 
2 miles from "Waterloo, P. Q.. when he 



was 4 years old. He was educated in 
Canada, until twenty, when he joined 
his uncle, S. F. Belknap, the celebrated 
railroad contractor, with whom he was 
extensively engaged in ccjustructing rail- 
roads in Massachusetts, Maine, and 
Vermont. After fifteen successful years 
he returned from the United States to 
Canada, and launched into railway en- 
terprises of magnitude. His first con- 
tract was on the Grand Trunk from 
Richmond to Quebec. This was fol- 
lowed by the Stanstead, SheflTonl and 
Chambly, connecting St. Johns with 
Waterloo. He next built the South- 
eastern, from West Farnham to New- 
port, and made the extension of the 
Canada Central from Sand Point to 
Pembroke. He also received the con 
tract from the Canada Central from 
Nipissing. He was elected ia 1858 
member for .ShefiTord in the Canada 
Assembly. After 2 years, he resigned' 
and was returned by acclamation to the 
Legislative Council for the district of 
Bedford. On the accomplishuient of 
confederation he was appointeil to the 
Senate of the Dominion, from which he 
retired 2 years since on receiving a con- 
tract for the construction of th« Geor- 
gian Bay Branch of the Pacific Rail 
way. He has lately been actively en- 
gaged in making arrangements to coni- 
plete his contract. Finan<-ial trouhlee 
overtook him sometime ago, but he was 
hoping and laboring with energy to re- 
lieve himself. He liad long been afliicted 
with heart disease, whi<di is hereditary 
in his ftimily. Last Jiuie, in Sjiratoga, 
he suflx-red severely, and after his incar- 
ceration, two weeks ago, in Irasburgh/ 
jail, he had another attack. Hia phy- 
sicians prescribed rest for hiiu; »m\ 
counselled him tobewarv of excitement. 
The recent trouble which he has had, 
no doidit, hastened liis death. Mr. 



lil 



VERMONT HISTORICAL MAGAZINE. 



Foster had a mania for building roads, 
and he not only invested all his own 
money in them, but induced his friends 
likewise to embark L\ such speculations. 
The result of his almost herculean labors 
has been to serve the Dominion rather 
than to bring any substantial reward to 
his own family. His remains were re- 
moved to Waterloo for interment. 



CHURCH HISTORY. 
CHAPTER IV. 

THE BAPTIST CHUKCH OF WEST 
DDMMERSTON 

According to the minutes of the gen- 
eral convention of Baptist churches in 
Vermont, this church was organized in 
1783. The earliest record of the church, 
recently found, begins Apr. 12, 1789. 
On that day the church voted to adopt 
the new articles of faith and covenant. 
They had no place for public worship 
other than to meet at private dwellings. 
The loQality where the meetings were 
then held, is now school district No. 6, 
instead of No. 1 West, where the meet- 
ing-house now stands. At that time 
meetings were held mostly at the houses 
of Samuel Wakefield and Jesse Manley. 
Elder Joel Butler was invited to assist 
in one of those meetings, but it is not 
certain that he had previously been their 
pastor. John Manly, Jr., and Jesse 
Manley had been serving fhe church as 



Elder Stone who resigned in 1789, be- 
cause his mind was much troubled about 
the "perplexing necessities" of life. 
When the record closes for that year, 
the church was unwilling to accept Elder 
Stone's resignation. 

Jesse Manley was church clerk in 
1791 and held the position, Sept. 17, 
1794, when the old record closes, which 
is a book of 75 pages. 

Feb. 18, 1792. The church voted 
that it was the deacons' work lo take 
care of the poor of the church and pro- 
vide for tl\e communion. 

June 4, 1792. Eleven persons were 
admitted to the church. On the same 
day it was voted that " our brethren in 
the south part of Marlboro should be a 
branch of our church with full power to 
receive members." John Manley, Jr., 
was chosen clerk of that branch. 

Nine persons were admitted to the 
church, July 22, 1792, and the same 
number, Aug. 26, 1792. 

It was voted that Brother Wakefield 
should improve his gift steady for fur- 
ther satisfaction ; and it was the opinion 
of the church that Br. Beriah Willis 
*' has a gift that may be proftebell in 
Zion." 

Sept. 13, 1792, the church met at the 
house of Abel Bugbee in Putney and 
admitted to the church 13 persons, who 
were residents of that localitv. Jesse 



deacons, 



but were released Aug. 9, Manly was chosen deacon that year 

1789. At that time the church assessed ■ Elder Isaac Kenney, of Richmond, N 

support the 



sums to 



and collected 
go^^iel." 

ELDER STONE 

bad the pastoral care of the church foT 
a short time, but asked a dismission 
that year. No record for 1790. The 
church in Jamaica sent a letter Mar. 13, 
1791, asking that Isaiah Stone be dis- 
missed to their church. May be this is 



H., preached several times during the 
year, for which he received 610 from 
individuals. 

Dec. 8, 1792. The church voted to 
act on a request from a society on the 
west side of West river, which is the 
first evidence on record that a society 
existed in that locality. The request 
was that Br. Samuel Wakefield should 



DT3IMERST0N. 



193 



be permitted to preach to them. He 
had recently been urged to improve his 
gift with a view to preaching : alj^o the 
cliurch had asked him to serve them as 
•deacon. Br. Wakefield received 'Mib- 
erty to improve his gift where he should 
judge duty." Micah French, Jr., was 
chosen deacon. 

Aug. 20, 17tJ2. The church voted 
thatBro. Micah French, Jr., Samuel 
Manley, James INIann, Enos Philips, 
and Luke Taylor should take the lead 
of singing in public meeting. 

BR. RUFUS FREEMAN 

was requested to come and see the 
church. May 3, 1793, he received "a 
call to take the pastoral care of this 
church." 

Jan. 26, 1793. The churc-h met at 
Putney West Hill and admitted to the 
church nine persons. Bro. Stebbens was 
cbosen to take the lead on the Sabbath 
•of tbe brethren in Putney. 

Rnfus Freeman and Phebe, his wife 
■were admitted by letter from the church 
in Fitzwilliam, N. H. He was ordained 
over the churcb in West Dummerston, 
Sept, 4, 1793. The ordinatiou took 
place at the house of James Manley. 
The churches invited were Richmond, 
Is. H., Marlboro, Royalston, Mass., 
Guilford[west part under Elder Jacobs], 
Fitzwilliam, and Putney. 

The place where Jesse Manley lived 
in 1793, was bought by the church for 
£58 [S193 1 3] as a home for Elder 
Freeman. For a time he preached 
every third Sabbath at Grassy Brook in 
Putney, 

Oct, 20, 1793. The church voted to 
assist the brethren in Putney to ordain 
them an elder- Elder Freeman, Jesse 
Manley, Micah Flinch, Jr,, Ezekiel 
Wilson, Seth Hudson and Samuel 
Wakefield were sent for that purpose, 
25 



Apr, 24, 1794. The brethren at Marl- 
boro sent a letter requesting to be si-t ofl', 
and Elder Freeman. Samuel Wakefield. 
Micah French, Setli Hudson were sent 
by the church to aid in the exercise.^. 

Aug. 2, 1794. Dea. Jesse Manley, 
who was in trouble with the church 
about a trade wiih a brother member, 
was called on and reqnested '• to take 
his place and travel with tlie church. 

No or her record of the early church 
has been found at the time of this 
writing. 

In 1811, Seth Hudson and Jolham 
Burnett were a committee to revise the 
names on the church record. They 
reported 103 resident members. The 
whole number recorded at that time was 
215. It is not certain when the first 
meeting-house was built in West Dum- 
merston. The first building occupied 
by the church was purchased in Guil- 
ford, taken down and erected on the site 
of the church now occupied by the so- 
ciety. When it became unserviceable, 
it was removed a few rods south from 
its old foundation and converted into a 
store and dwelling-house. Tlie post- 
office is now kept in this store which is 
owned and occupied by John E. Town- 
send as merchant and post-master. 

THE LATE RECORDS 

of the church begin Nov. 29, 1827, 
when the First and Second Baptist 
Church were united, A divisioi, in the 
church had existed for a long time ; but 
it does not appear expedient to write up 
the causes ot separation. At the time 
ol' the union. Elder Jonathan Huntley 
was pastor, and Jesse Manley, Luke 
Taylor, and Oliver Carpenter, Jr.. were 
deacons. 

Elder Jerome Packer was pa.stor, and 
Oliver Carpenter and Daniel .I(»nes were 
deacons in 1840. Joel Chandler was 
church clerk numv vears. S. W. Wil- 



194 



VERMONT HISTORICAL MAGAZINE. 



son held the place a loug time, and for 
the last few years George Everleth has 
been clerk of the church. 

ADDITIONAL STATISTICS 

That have been furnished to the wri- 
ter since the above was written : 

In 1818 and 1819, Elder Mansfield 
Bruce was pastor of one division of the 
church and Elder Himtley of the other. 

Elder Ziba Howard was pastor in 
1834, and remained with the church till 
1840. 

After Elder Jerome Packer's pastor- 
ate ended, Elder PhineasHowe became 
preacher, Aug. 27, 1842. 

In 1859, H. B. Streeter was their 
minister. 

F, M. Mace was resident pastor in 
1863. 

Rev. Mark Carpenter, of Townshend 
preached for the church in 1866 and 
again in 1879 when he was 78 years 
of age. 

Rev. Jonas G. Bennetl was pastor 
in 1869. 

Rev, A. N. Woodruff had the pastoral 
care in 1875, and Rev. C. J. Wilson 
in 1881. 

Rev. C. R. Powers is pastor for 1884. 
The oldest deacons of the church 
now living, are Dea. John Greenwood 
and Dea. J. Bartlett Estey. 

John K. Leonard was deacon in 1867 
and served till his death in 1875. 

Sidney H. Barrett was chosen dea- 
con, Apr. 5, 1884. 

The church now occupied by the so- 
ciety, was built in 1859. James A. 
Chase was chosen clerk in 1843, Benja- 
min Stickney in 1858, S. W. Wilson in 
1864, and George Everleth in 1879. 

DIVIDEND OF SCHOOL MONEY. 

to the town treasurer of Dummerston 
for the year 1820 : 
( This report was found among the old 
papers of John B. Miller. ) 



School Districts ; By whom returned ; 
Number of scholars. 

District 1 returned by Austin Birchard, 

80 scholars and $21,20. 
District 2 returned by Joseph Bemis ; 

54 scholars and $14,31. 
District 3 returned by John Sargeant ; 

45 scholars and $11,93. 
District 4 returned by Elder Allen ; 33 

scholars and $8,74. 
District 5 returned by Asa Boyden ; 41 

scholars and $10,865. 
District 6 returned by Samuel French ; 

63 scholars and $16,695. 

District 7 returned by Lyman Walker ; 
28 scholars and $7,42. 

District 8 returned by Doctor Boyden ; 
75 scholars and $19,875. 

Willi an. Wheeler and others, 9 schol- 
ars and $2, 385. 

WEST SIDE OF WEST RIVER. 

Distrct 1 returned by Jotham Burnet ; 
89 scholars and $23,585. 

District 2 returned by Elder Levi Dun- 
ham : 52 scholars and $13,78. 

District 3 returned by James A. Chase ; 
35 scholars and $9,275. 

District 4 returned by Richard Dean ; 
20 scholars and $5, 30. 

District 5 returned by Calvin Holiday ; 
32 scholars and $8,48. 

Total No. of scholars 656 and $173,84. 
James A. Chase, ) 

AlVINE KnAPP, ^TRUSTEES. 

Peter Willard, } 

Dummerston, April 3d, A. D. 1820. 

The population of the town in 1820 
was 1658. In 1880, the populaticm was 
816. The number of scholars attend- 
ing school was 183 ; between the ages 
of 5 and 20 years, 177. The public 
money divided in 1880 was $360,52. 



DUMMERSTON. 



195 



ROI^L OP HONOR, 

OUR SOLDIERS: 18G1-1SG5. 

VOLUNTEERS FOR THREE YEARS, 

Credited previous to the call for 
Three Hundred Thousand Vohmteers, 
Oct.17, 1863. 
William h. foster, 
the first soldier from this town in the 
late war, enlisted May 1, 1861, in Co. 
C. 2d. Regiment ; He was promoted 
Sergeant, and musti-rtd out of service 
June 29, 1864. 

WILLIAM S. JUDD, 

enlisted Oct. 24, 1861, in Co. F, 1st 
Jieg. Cav. ; discharged Dec. 28, 1863 ; 
re-enlisted Jan. 2, 1864 ; promoted cor- 
poral, Sept. 11, sergeant. May 1, and 
mustered out of service July 31st, 1865. 

FREDERICK A. RICE, 

enlisted, Sept. 4, 1861, as a musician, 
Co. F, 4th Reg. ; sick in hospital near 
Washington ; died Jan. 29, 1862, aged 
19 years. 

SYLVESTER C. BURLINGAME, 

enlisted Aug. 27, 1861, Co. F, 4th 
Reg. ; discharged Mar. 5, 1862 ; re 
enlisted May 27 ; promoted sergeant, 
July 9 ; wounded severely at the battle 
of Chapin's Farm. Sept. 29, 1864 ; pro- 
moted 2d Lieut., Dec. 30 ; mustered out 
June 13, 1865. 

CHARLES W. MANSFIELD, 

enlisted May 28, 1862, Co.K, 9th. 
Reg. ; taken prisoner at Harper's Ferry, 
Sept. 15 ; soon after paroled ; sent to 
Chicago, afterwards exchanged ; re- 
turned to Newbern, N. C. ; sick in hos- 
pital at Morehead City ; sent to the hos- 
pital at Brattleboro, Vt., Jan. 1864; 
returned to his Reg. at Newbern, Apr. 
22 ; died in the hospital Apr. 29, 1864. 
in his 18th year. 



JOSEPH C. MANSFIELD 

eidisted, Aug. 11, 1H62 in Company E 
11th. ReginiMit, While in Fort Slo- 
cum, near Washington, he was taken 
sick with typlioid fever which terraiimt- 
ed fatally, Oct. 11th., 1863. He was 
in the 25th year of his age at the time 
of his death. 

WILLIAM H. MANSFIELD 

enlisted, Aug. 11. 1862, m Company 
E, 11th. Regiment, promoted corporal. 
Sept. 1st, discharged on accoimt of sick- 
ness, July 30, 1863, and died Miir. 11. 
1867, aged 20 years. 

DANIKL (;. OliMSHKK 

enlisted, Aug. Uth. 1803, in Company 
E, 11th Regiment, was promoted corp- 
oral, Dec. 28, 1863, and died at Alex- 
andria, Va., June 11th 1864, of wounds 
received in battle at Cold Harbor June 
1, 1864, aged 23 years. 

HERBERT J. KNIGHT 

enlisted, Aug. li, 1802 in Company E 
11th Regiment and was discharged Jan. 
20, 1865. 

FRANKLIN W. KNIGHT 

enlisted, Aug. 11, 1862 ; was wounded 
in battle ; had one of his feet amputa- 
ted ; was discharged, Aug. 11, 1805. 

ISAAC H. SIBLEY 

enlisted. Aug. 11, 1802. in Company 
E 11th Regiment; wounded in action 
and mustered out of service. June 21. 
1865. 

JAMES U. IIACKETT 

enlisted July 21, 1862, in Company E 
11th. Regiment, and was mustered out 
of service, June 20, 1805. 

DEXTER H. DEAN 

enlisted, Aug. U, 1802, in Company E 
nth Regiment. He was discharged, 
Dec. 31, 1802. and died in 1863, aged 
19 years. 



196 



VERMONT HISTORICAL MAGAZITsTI. 



FRANCIS H. MORSE 

enlisted in Company E 11th Regiment, 
Aug. nth, 1862 ; was promoted corpor- 
al, Oct. nth 1864 and mustered out of 
service, June 4, 1865. 

CHARLES K. CHAMBERLAIN 

enlisted, Aug. 23, 1861 in Co. F, 4th 
Reg., disch'd, Apr. 3, 1862, aged 19. 

JAMES P. B. RANDOLL 

enlisted. May 28, 1862, in Company 
K, 9th Regiment, and was ii. the ser- 
vice three years. 

JOHN F. MORSE 

enlisted Aug. 11, 1862, in Company ,E 
11th., Regiment, and died, Feb. 17, 
1863^ aged 19 years. 

FRANKLIN STOCKWELL 

enlisted Sept. 6, 1861, was musician 
in Co. F, 4th Reg. ;, re-enlisted, Dec. 
15, 1863 ; transferred from Co. F, to 
Co. B, Feb. 25, 1865 ; mustered out 
July 13, 1865. 

LOYAL SMITH. 

Loyal Smith, Jr., enli&ted Aug. 20. 
1861, Co. G, 4th Reg. ; died at Hagers- 
town, Md., Nov. 25, 1862, aged 22. 

ANDREW J. HOWE 

enlisted, in Co. F, Sept. 28, 186], 1st. 
Cavalry Regiment, and mustered out 
Nov. 18, 1864. 

JOHN 8. JILLSON 

enlisted in Company F Sept. 12, 1861, 
1st. Cavalry Regiment ; mustered out 
Nov. 18, 1864. 

SAMUEL W. ESTEY 

enlisted, Aug. 24, 1861, in Co. F, 4tli. 
Reg. ; promoted corporal ; mustered out 
Sept. 30, 1864. 

ZELOTES BURLINGAME 

enlisted, Nov. 23, 1861, in Co. H, 2d. 
Reg. U. S. Sharp Shooters ;, died Oct. 
7, 1862, aged 43 years. 



ABNER L, BUTTERFIELD 

enlisted, Dec. 5, 1861, in Co. H, 2d. 
Reg. U. S. S. S,; discharged in 1862.. 

WALTER ELMER 

enlisted, Aug. 11, 1862, in Co. E, 11th. 
Reg. ; promoted corporal, July 1, 1863, 
sergeant, Oct. 2, 1864 ;. and mustered 
out of service, June, 24, 1865. 

G'EOR&E H. KNIGHX 

enlisted, Aug. 16, 1862, in Co. C. 2d,, 
Reg. y wounded in action ; disehargedy 
May 3d, 1863. 

WARREN HERSET 

enlisted, in Company F, First Cavalry 
Regiment. 

HENRY D. EVERLETH 

erdisted, Nov. 19, 1861, in 2d. Reg, 
Co.H,U.S.S.S.; discharged March 
24, 1863 r died in 1863, aged 20. 

Anson Buxton and Hosea Stone en- 
listed from other towns and are credited 
to Dummerston. 

The following names are credits un- 
der the call of Oct. 17, 1863, for 800. 
000 volunteers, and subsequent calls. 

Volunteers Fob Three Years, 

william d. aiken 

enlisted, Jan. 2, 1864, in Co. K, 9th. 

Reg. ; transferred to Co. C, June 13^ 

1864 ; promoted corporal, July 22d.,, 

1865 ; mustered out Dec. 1, 1865. 

HARRISON K. BACON 

enlisted Jan. 2, 1864, in Co. K, 7tli. 
Regiment ; wounded at Chapin's Farm, 
Sept. 29, 1864 ; transferred to Co. C, 
by reason of consolidation of regiment 
June 1, 1865 ; promoted corporal June 
15 ; 2d. Lieut. Co. C, July 3 ; 1st 
Lieut. Nov. 17 ; mustered out, Dec. 1, 
1865 ; died July 22, 1866, aged 24. 

CHARLES L. DODGE 

enlisted Dec. 4, 1863, in Co. K, 9th. 



DUMMERSTON. 



\'J] 



Reg. ; died at Brattleboro, Vt., Dec. 5, 
1864; aged 17. 

WILLIAM H. MARSHALL 

enlisted Dec. 24, 1863, First Vt. Bat- 
tery Light Arrillery : transferred to 2d 
Vt. Battery, July 13, 1864; to First 
Vt. Heavy Artillery, March 1,1865; 
mustered out July 28, 1865. 

MARSHALL B. HOLTON 

enlisted Jan. 2, 1864, Co. K, 9th Reg- 
iment ; transferred to Co. C, June 13, 
1865 ; promoted corporal, Aug. 24th ; 
died at Norfolk, Va., Nov. 13, 1865, 
aged 20 years. 

JOHN MILLER 

enlisted, Jan. 2, 1864, in Co. K, 9th. 
Regiment ; transferred to Co. C, June 
13, 1865 ; promoted corporal July 22 ; 
sergeant, Sept. 21st. and mustered out, 
Dec. 1, 1865. 

AURELIUS PETEE 

enlisted, Dec. 17, 1863, in Co. K, 9th. 
Regiment ; transferred to Co. C, June 
13, 1865 ; mustered out, Dec. 1, 1865. 

WM. L. G. WHITNEY 

enlisted, Aug. 28, 1862, Co. B, 16th, 
Reg. ; mustered out with the regiment, 
Aug. 10. 1863 ; re-enlisted for 9 mos. 
Dec. 14, 1863 ; sick in Gen. Hospital ; 
died, Dec. 11, 1864, aged 21. 

JOHN L. WILLARD 

enlisted, Jan. 2, 1864, in Co. K, 9th. 
Regiment ; transferred to Co. C, June 
13, 1865 ; mustered out Dec. 1, 1865. 
Lyman J. Brown, David Crocker, 
David H. Davis, Edward S. Gihnan, 
Michael Kelly, Bradbury A. Hunt, 
John Hawley. Austin Loverin, Eli M. 
Quimby, Frank King, James Thomp- 
son, John M. Welch, and Harris B. 
Mitchell enlisted from other towns in 
Vt. and credited to Dummerston. 



VoLLTJTEERS FOR OnE YeAK. 
GEORGE U. WHIl'l'LE 

enlisted, Aug. 23, 1?S64 ; was uot as- 
signed to any regiment ; aud discharged 
Oct. 11, 1864. 

GEORGE F. WHITNEY 

enlisted, Sept. 2, 1864 ; Co. K. 9th. 
Reg. ; sick in Gen. Hospitalr Dec. 1, 
1864 ; died during the same month, 
aged 23 years. 

EARL V. WILLARD 

enlisted, Aug. 23, 1864, Co. K, 9th. 
Reg. ; mustered out May 22, 1865. 

ENROLLED MEN WHO FURNISHED 
SUBSTITUTES. 

Asa Dutton, "William H. Frost. Jer- 
ome W. Knight, Henry H. Miller, aud 
Joseph R. Nourse. 



Volunteers For Nine Months : 
Herbert G. Bond, Leroy L. Bond, 
Mansel H. Bush, George A. Ellis, 
Fredrick G. Smith, Wallace W. Wilson 
enlisted, Sept. 20, 1862, in Company 
I, 16th. Regiment, and were mustered 
out of service, Aug. 10 1863. 

ASAHEL E. ELUS 

enlisted Sept. 20, 1862, in Company I, 
16th. Reg. ; died at Union Mills, Va., 
Apr. 9, 1863. aged 20. 

PASCHAL S. LAUGHTON 

enlisted, Sep. 20, 1862, in Co. I, Mth 
Reg. ; promoted 1st Sergt., Oct. 23, 2d 
Lieut. Co. B, Mar. 17, 'G3 ; died Aug. 
6, 1863, aged 29 years. 

ORMANDO E. NORCROSS, A:? A D. <;ATti», 

promoted Sergt. ; ornak puescutt jr., 

FUED'k S STEWART, EDWIN R. WILLARD 

enlisted. Aug. 28, 1862, in Compuny 
B 16th Regiment, and were mustered 
out of service, Aug 10, 1863. 



198 



VERMONT HISTORICAL MAGAZINE. 



Furnished Under Draft And 
Paid Commutation : 

Ripley C. Benuett, Jchn F. Butter- 
field. Stephen L. Dutton, Lucian A. 
Elmer, Harlan W. Holton, Anthony 
L. Huntley, Leroy I. Knapp, Morris 
E. Lawton, and Athei'ton Prescott. 
Procured Substitute : 

George R. Bennett, Hardiri W. Ben- 
nett, Alonzo Bradley. Daniel W. Gates, 
Jason C. Knight, Charles Ormsbee, 
and James H. Sargeant. 

ABEL D. BROWN 

was drafted July 13, 1863 ; assigned to 
Co. K, 6th Reg. ; mustered out June 
26, 1865. 

Volunteers For One Year. 

IRA o. HAVEN, promoted Com. Sergt. 
and DAVID M. estey enlisted, January 
30, 1865, in Company F, 1st Regiment 
Frontier Cavalry ; mustered out of ser- 
vice, June 27, 1865. 

AUSTIN laughton, fumished a sub- 
stitute , and John M. Montgomery 
and John Cashier entered the United 
States Navy. 

A FAMILY OF SOLDIERS. 

Three sons of Jesse J. Mansfield, of 
Dummerston, were in the army during 
the late war for the Union . All enlisted 
for three years. Charles W. Mansfield 
enlisted in May 1862, and was at that 
time not quite 16 years of age. He wai. 
a member of Company K, 9th Vt. Vols. 
About the middle of July the regiment 
was sent to Washington. From that 
place they marched to Winchester, Va., 
where they remained till a few days be- 
fore the battle of Antietam, where they 
were ordered to march in quick time to 
Harper's Ferry. Sept. 15th they were 
made prisoners of war by the enemy 
immediately paroled, and soon after, 



marched to Baltimore. From that place 
they were sent to Camp Douglas, Chica- 
go, where they remained several months. 
Charles was sick at this place for the 
first time after leaving Vermont. While 
on duty with the regiment at Suffolk, 
Va., in the Fall of 1863, he was again 
sick. He was considered able to go 
with his regiment when it left this place 
for Newbern N. C. ; but it proved oth- 
erwise, and he was sent to the hospital 
in Morehead City. Having regained 
sufficient strength, he received a fur- 
lough, came home Dec. 5th, and was in 
the hospital at Brattleboro, when, with 
a few other soldiers, he was sent back 
to his regiment, Apr. 12, 1864. He 
arrived at Newbern on the 22d, and 
died Apr. 29, in the 18th year of his 
age. 

Joseph C. and William H. Mansfield 
joined the army in August, 1862, and 
both were members of Battery E, 1st 
Artillery, 11th Vt. Regt. This battery 
was stationed at Fort Slocum, near 
Washington, during the memorable bat- 
tle at Gettysburg. While in this fort, 
Joseph was sick with typhoid fever, 
which terminated fatally Oct. 11, 1863. 
He was in his 25th year and left a wife 
and one child, who survived her father's 
death only one year, dying Oct. 30, 
1863, age, 3 years. 

William was in the army about one 
year. On account of ill health, he re- 
ceived a discharge from service, and 
returned to Vermont. When he was 
again able to labor, he went to Boston, 
Mass., where he worked as a mechanic 
nearly two years. During that time he 
had much sickness, finally gave up busi- 
ness, and came back to Dummerston, 
where he died of consumption, March 
11, 1867, aged 26 years. 

Mrs. Hannah Mansfield, the mother 
of these soldiers, died Feb. 14, 1875, 





^^-^^?-l^<^^t^-C^Zy-^ 



DUMMERSTON 



199 



agea 65 years. 8he was the yoi^ngest j fh^^ sa<l event occurred in Aug. 1880, 

anil in the spring of 1882, his remains 
were brought from Mexico to their final 
resting place in the cemetery at Dum- 
merston. 



of a family of 11 children, eight sons 
and three daughters. Her father, Ben- 
jamin Lufkin, was one of the first set- 
tlers in the town of Rumford, Me., 
where she was born in 1809. Her 
brother Joseph, the eldest of the family, 
was a minister for nearly 60 years and 
preached his last sermon only a few 
Sabbaths before his death, which occur- 
red in 1872 in the 86 year of his age. 
Two other brothers were also ministers. 

COL. WILLIAM HENRY GREENWOOD. 

During the last years of his life, the 
home of Col. Greenwood was in Dum- 
merston. Here also was the birth-place 
of his wife, Eva Duncan Knight, dau. 
of Joel and Fannie (Duncan) Knight. 
Mrs. Knight was the dau. of Dr. Abel 
Duncan, second cousin of Judge Jason 
Duncan. Col. Greenwood purchased 
in 1873, the farm, which has been the 
homestead of the Joel Knight family 
for three generations, but his profession 
as a civil and* mining engineer, called 
him from home nearly the whole time 
after the purchase was made. Never- 
theless, he counted that it would afford 
him a place of rest from the hardships 
of his professional life whenever oppor- 
tunity should favor ; but rest came not 
as anticipated. The man who seemed 
to have a charmed life, escaping the 
bullets of the enemy on many hard- 
fought battle-fields of the late war for 
the Union, passing unharmed numerous 
attacks of Inuians which he encountered 
during his surveys on the plains ot the 
West in 1867-68 and 6'J, enduring hard- 
ships from cold and hunger which few 
men have ever experienced, was killed 
by a fatal shot from a gang of robbers 
and murderers in ambush, and the ca- 
reer of a buj«y lite instantly terminated. 



William Greenwood, his great-grand- 
father, came from Sherborn, Masw.,and 
settled in Dublin, N. H., in 176.'). He 
was a carpenter by trade anil was killed 
at the raisingof a barn, June 28, 17s2, 
aged 61. He married Abigail I )eath of 
Sherborn, who d. Oct 1, 1814 aged 91 . 

Joshua Greenwood, grandfather of 
the Colonel, married Hannah Twitch- 
ell of Dublin, Aug. 22, 1779. 

Asa, his father, was born in Dublin, 
July 1, 1797, married Dec. 31, 1821, 
Mrs. Lucy Evens, who died in Marl- 
boro, N. H.,Feb. 20, 1852. He mar- 
ried 2d, Mary Minot, and removed to 
Illinois in 1853 ; returning East in the 
summer of 1877, to visit friends, he 
died at the house of his son in Dum- 
merston, July 16, 1877. 

Col. Greenwood was born in Diililin, 
N. H. March, 27, 1832, and married 
Miss Knight, May 19, 1857. He was 
the youugest son of the family and spent 
his early years, for the most part in the 
public schools of Marlboro, N. H., 
where his parents removed in 1834. 
Mathematics were his favorite studios 
and came easily to him. It was In's 
ambition in youth to become a thorough 
and accomplished engineer, a'ld that 
object was fulfilled. He remained in 
^larlboro until 1850, when he entered 
Norwich University, (Vt.,) graduating 
in 1852. From u report of the Twelfth 
Reunion of the Society of the Army of 
the Cumberland," we subjoin : 

Fkom The Vkkmo.nt IMia-MX. 
'' In 1852, he went to Illinois nud 
engaged in the survey of railroads till 



200 



VERMONT HISTORICL MAGAZINE. 



the war of the rebellion broke out. He 
enlisted in the 51st Reg. 111. Vols., Jan. 
17, 1862, and was commissioned after- 
wards 1st Lieut. Co. H, of tlat regi- 
ment. H's commission as captain of 
the same company is dated May 9, 1863. 
Soon after the battle of Stone River, 
Gen, Rosecrans selected Greenwood for 
a competent engineer to organize a topo- 
graphical service, and he was directed 
to report to Gen. Stanley, at that time 
chief of cavalry for the Army of the 
Cumberland with whom he remained till 
the fall of 1865, when the 4th Corps of 
that division was mustered out in Texas. 
No officer served in the Army of the 
Cumberland who was present at and 
participated in more battles, actions, 
affairs, skirmishes, than Col. Green- 
wood. Always strong and well, though 
slender of form, he was always ready 
for duty, day and night. The great 
battles in which he was a most active 
participant embrace such names as Per- 
ryville, Stone River, Hoover's Gap, 
Chickamauga, Missionary Ridge, three 
months of Atlanta campaign, an almost 
continuous fight, including Peach Tree 
Creek, the assault on Kenesaw ; finally, 
in the last great service of the 4th Corps, 
the action at Spring Hill, next day the 
battle of Franklin, and very soon the 
battle of Nashville, which ended the 
mission of the Army of the Cumberland, 
in the destruction of Hood's army. In 
only, 1864, when Gen. Stanley was 
appointed to the command of the 4th. 
Corps, Greenwood was commissioned 
by the President, Lt. Col. and Inspector, 
to date July 28, 1864. In July, 1865, 
the 4th Corps landed in Texas, and was 
posted at Victoria, Lavacca, and San 
Antonio. Col. Greenwood was put in 
charge of the Gulf and San Antonio 
Railroad which had been completely 
destroyed, by the rebel general, John 



Magruder. With the burned and bended 
railroad iron, and such timber as could 
be gathered out of the Guadaloupe low- 
lands, he soon had the cars running to 
Victoria. Having finished his work in 
Texas, he returned to Vermont and soon 
afterwards went "West, where he was 
employed upon the Kansas Pacific Rail 
road. He was appointed chief engiaeer 
of this road, and whilst holding this 
position, he made surveys on the 3 2d. 
and 35th parallels, through to San 
Francisco. During his service for the 
company, he contructed 150 miles of 
railroad in 100 working days and the 
last day laid ten and one-quarter miles 
in ten hours, a feat, perhaps, never 
equalled in railroad construction. In 
1870, he made the first general report 
in favor of three feet narrow gauge rail 
roads, and was appoint9d general man- 
ager of construction of the Denver and 
Rio Grande Railroad. Upon comple- 
tion of the first division of this road, he 
was appointed General Supentendtnt, 
and remained till the road was finished 
to Canon City. He next went to Mex- 
ico in company with Gen. W. S. Rose- 
crans and Gen. W. J. Palmer with a 
view to constructing a national railroad 
in that country. Whilst engaged in this 
service, he visited England and the con- 
tinent, in the interest of his road, but 
failing to get the concessions asked for 
from the Mexican government, he re- 
turned to New York and established 
himself as a civil engineer. In May, 
1878, he took charge of the construction 
of the Pueblo and Arkansas Valley 
Railroad for the Atchison, Topeka and 
Santo Fe Company ; and March, 1879, 
took charge of the Marion and McPer- 
son Railroad. This is the last public 
work with which he was connected un- 
til he went to Mexico upon his last and 
fatal engagement. As an engineer, he 



DUMMEKSTO^'. 



201 



liad few peers in the profession. No 
obstacle that nature had interposed, as 
it were, in frolicsome mood, in the can- 
ons and mountains of the West, deterred 
this engineer of science, of skill, and 
daring, and railroad trains now run 
securely, where before the wild moun- 
tain sheep feared to climb. The skill- 



Morgan dated United States Legation, 
Mexico, Nov. 23, 1880, t-) Gen. D. S. 
Stanley, stAtes that when Col. Green- 
wood approached where tlie robbers 
were iu ambusli, they nislied out upon 
him, hoping tliat tlie frighteued horse 
would throw his rider, and in that way 
they might obtain possession of him. 



ful capitalists who built these wonderful I and, as in- this, they failed, they to 



I'ailroads of Colorado, well appreciated 
the worth of Col. Greenwood, and when 
the Sullivan and Palmer Companies 
imdertook the International and Inter- 
oceanic railroads from the city of Mex- 
ico to the Pacific coast, Greenwood was 
called, as he had been before, as the 
most reliable man to locate the work. 
Whilst so employed, he was murdered 
Bear Rio Hondo 18 miles from the city 
of Mexico, Aug. 29, 1880. He was on 
his way from Hondo to the city of Mex- 
ico, accompanied by Mr. Miller, an 
assistant engineer, and a servant, where, 
as was his custom, he expected to spend 
the Sabbath with his family. When 
within some 9 miles of the city, he 
stopped at a wayside inn for the pur- 
pose of taking refreshments. Here there 
were a number of men, who, seeing his 
horse, laid a plot by which they were to 
obtain possession of it. They accord- 
ingly rode ahead some distance, where 
they remainecl ambushed. Col. Green- 
wood upon arriving at a barranca, or 
ravine, separated from his companions 
and proceeded ahead of them at an in- 



make sure of the horse munlered Col. 
Greenwood. His horse, carbine, aud 
revolver were taken, but his watcli, pa- 
pers, and money were untouched. It 
is believed that the assassins were di;*- 
turbed and only had time to make off 
with the articles mentioned. His body 
was brought to the capital and buried in 
the American Cemetery Sept. 1, 18X0. 
The unfortunate occurrence created a 
sensation in the capital and the loss of 
Col. Greenwood was deeply felt. The 
funeral pi-ocession was attended by the 
whole of the Americans and English- 
men, Germans and Frenchmen and 
many of the representative Mexicans. 
Over GO coaciies formed the funeral cor- 
tege, and 150 persons followed iu the 
sad possession. Before Mrs. Green- 
wood left on her return to this country 
she was presented with a memorial 
signed by forty leading Mexicans, resi- 
dents of the City of Mexico. The me- 
morial closes as follows : ' When you 
return to your lonely home, toll those 
who will come to mourn witli you tliat 
if Mexico, as all the other nations ojf 
creasedpace, with the object of examiii- 1 the earth, unfortuuatclv has her crim- 
ing the locality. His companions saw j inals, slie has also, honest hearts tluit 
him as he came from the barranca and ! repel them, and authorities to pn)secute 
descended upon the opposite side of the them ; tell your friends that if there are 
hill. They hastened iu a gallop to join vile men in our society, jus there are in 
him, when, in a short time, they came all human societies, there are also thou- 
upon his dead body lying iu the road, | ands of souls that worship the good 



perforated by two bullets, one through • ar 
the breast and left hand, another through | A 
the right hand. A letter from P. H 
26 



and see a brother in every woitliy man. 

nd tell them, too. that Hmong>t us not 

a siuirle tear of the widow or the orpluui 



•202 



VERMONT HISTORICAL MAGAZINE. 



fails to find a friendly hand exte nded to 
wipe it away.' " 

DECORATION DAY. 

During the years that have passed 
since the close of the war in 1865, the 
graves of soldiers in this town have not 
been visited by any considerable num- 
ber of persons at one time, except on 
one occasion, May 30, 1879 ; yet, we 
do not feel that the graves of the hon- 
ored dead are neglected in our cemeter- 
ies. Marble tablets have been erected 
to their memory and flowers are yearh 
scattered upon the green hillocks raised 
over their remains by kindred friends 
and others who cherish their memory. 
Perhaps some grave, or graves may not 
receive the floral tribute yearly, but in 
the absence of cut flowers, the coldness 
and silence of the graves are relieved by 
the shades and blooming plants that 
adorn them. Nineteen soldiers of the 
Iat3 war, who were citizens of Dum- 
merston lie buried in the cemeteries of 
this town. How long the memory of 
their names and deeds will last we can- 
not tell, but the Grand Army of the 
Republic of which they were a consti- 
tuent part, made an honorable record 
which the world cannot forget. These 
are their names : Fred H. Rice, Daniel 
G. Ormsbee, Lieut. Paschal S. Laugh- 
ton, Lieut. Harrison K. Bacon, Loyal 
Smith, Asahel E. p:ilis, Charles L. 
Dodge, Frank L. Gibbs, William Bemis, 
Henry D. Everleth, Zenas Butterfield, 
Waitstill Pettee, Wm. L. G. Whitney, 
George S. Whitney, Marshal B. Hol- 
ton, Edward C. Foster, Joseph C. 
Mansfield, William H. Mansfield and 
Charles W. Mansfield who died and was 
buried in Newbern, N. C, but a record 
of his death is on the gravestone of his 
brother Wm. H. Mansfield. 



CHURCH HISTORY 
CHAPTER V. 

THE METHODIST CHURCH. 

The only church of this denomina- 
tion was located on West Dummerstou 
hill, about three miles from the valley 
of West River and one-4th. -mile from 
M.irlboro boundary line. According 
to the best information obtained, the 
meeting-house was built about 1812. 
Mrs. Orrin L Bennett, a resident in 
that part of the town, now living, came 
there in 1820 and the meeting-house 
was built some years before that time. 

The society was small but the attend- 
ance at church was very good for many 
years. 

The society near the closing years of 
its existence found it quite difficult to 
sustain public worship and keep the 
house in repair, and therefore it was 
left a few years unoccupied, and was 
pulled down in 1866. The timber was 
sold to Ed\vin and Fayette Miller. 

ELDER WILLIAM HENRY HODGES 

of Dover, appears to have been the first 
pastor of the society. He was their 
minister so early as 1823 and 24. Other 
ministers, remembered at the present 
day, are Elders Harris, House, John 
Prouty, Spencer, and Houghton. 

THE UNIVERSALIS! CHURCH. 

This society had stated preaching as 
early as 1833, and possibly before that 
date. A library of moral and religious 
books had been organized by this society 
sometime previous, but the time of 
organization is not stated, though books 
were drawn in 1833. Preaching for 
the society was supplied occasionally 
by different ministers. 

The first resident minister was Rev. 
Freeman Loring. After him came Rev. 
J. Britton. The non-resident ministers, 



DU]\IMERSTOX. 



203 



who preached at stated times, were Rev. 
Charles Woodhouse, Rev. Aurin Bug- 
bee and Rev. Otis Warren. 

After the Union church was built in 
1842, this society settled Rev. Wm. N. 
Barber, that year, and his pastorate over 
them continued 5 years. The church 
was organized with about 25 members, 
Dec. 25, 1842, and Joel Knight was 
chosen deacon. That Christmas day 
was a notable time, it being not only 
the date of organizing the Universalist 
church, but the first time that Christ- 
mas was publicly observed in this towna. 
After Mr. Barber's removal in 1847, 
the society languished and no society of 
that denomination now exists in town. 

THE UNION CHURCH. 

The earliest record of this society reads 
as follows : 

"We the subscribers hereby associate 
ourselves together for the purpose of 
building a Union Meeting house for re- 
ligious worship to be ere<!ted on the com- 
mon near the east Meeting house in 
Dummerston for all religious denomina- 
tions, to be used for religous purposes 
as long as a majority of said association 
shall direct, and each religious denom- 
ination shall have the use of said house 
in proportion to what int>i.rest they may 
own in said house. 

The first meeting of said association 
shall be holden on the 16th day of March 
1842, and said Association to be known 
and called the Union Meeting house 
anssociation". 

At the first meeting. Mar. 16, 1842, 
Amasa Clark was chosen moderator, 
and Asa Knight clerk. Roswell Sar- 
geant, Stephen Duttor., Joel Knight and 
Wm. Bemis were chosen a committee 
to superintend the building of a meeting 
house and locate the same. Epa Cone, 
Stephen Button and Roswell Sargeant 
were chosen *o draft a plan of the buildr 
ing. The committee reccommended a 
plan presented by Lewi? Holton and 



Winslow Dutton, who made with the 
committee a contract to build the mci't- 
ing-house for 820 for each pew, or slip. 
Number of pews 38 ; cost STCO. Tin- 
piazza in front cost 88 1, additional. 

The meeting house was fini.shed ac- 
cording to contract in June and accepted 
by the committee, July 2, 1842, and 
the society voted to dedicate the house, 
July 1st, the same year. No record 
was made of the dedication on the rec- 
ord book. Samuel Knight made a pres- 
ent of a Bible to the society. 

It does not appear on the record at 
what time Rev. William N. Barber, a 
Universalist minister from Alsiead, N. 
H., became pastor of the .society, but it 
was probably soon after the house was 
dedicated. He was pastor as late as 
1846, at which time he was superinten- 
dent of schools. The annual meeting of 
the association was Aug. 28, 184G, as 
shown by the record. Mr. Barber prob- 
ably removed from town the following 
year. Since that time the society has 
had no regidar preacher and meetings 
were not long continued after that date. 

In 1858, a meeting was called to see 
if the society would sell their meeting- 
house ; but no sale of the building was 
made till 1872, when it was sold and 
removed to its present site. It was con- 
verted into a dwelling-house which is 
now, 1884, owned and occupied by 
Thomas N. Reed. 



OUR COLLEGIATES. 

So far as can be ascertained, the fol- 
lowing persons born in Dummerston 
have had the advantages of a collegiate 
course of education: Eli French, Ozro 
French, James Herrick, Ephraim Ten- 
ney, R. Dexter Miller, Sylvaiuis Baker 
Roel. Norman Miller, Isaac Knapp. 
Charles Miller, William Boyden. Dana 



•204 



VERMONT HISTORICAL MAGAZINE. 



Miller and Charles M. Knight. Ansel 
Irwin Miller graduated at Williams 
College 1881. William Dana Miller 
graduated in the class of 1882, 

Laura Belle Havtu gradtiated at 
Smith College, Northampton, Mass., 
in June 1881. 



BRIEFS AND CORRIGENDA. 

On page 148 add to the family of 
Gardner Knapp, Fanny M.,b. Feb. 10, 
1830, married 1st, Elisha W. Field, 2d. 
Morris E. Laughton. 

THE LAUGHTON FAMILY. 

^Continued from page 61.^ 
Ephraim Laughton, married Lovicy 
Knapp, July 25, 1813 ; children : Eve- 
line ; Rosanna ; Morris E. ; Lestina ; 
Warren ; Francis ; Mary. 

Thomas Laughton, married Rosanna 
Knapp, Jan. 31, 1819 ; children : Clias. 
J. ; Aurilla ; I. Agostine ; Catherine ; 
Sarah ; Diantha ; William ; Paschal ; 
Fred H. Mrs. Laughton is living 
(1884), in her S9th year. 

Jacob Laughton, m. Lydia Bosworth 
about 1824. Children : Maria married 
Leavitt Sargeant ; Ellen rriarried Ozro 
3Iiller ; Ransom ; Austin m. Fausta M. 
Wheeler. 

ASA LAUGHTON 

Asa Lawton m. Lucy Dutton, Dec. 
24, 1818. He was tAvice married and 
by the first marriage had a family of 
nine children that lived to adult age. 
He died in March 1883, aged 87, hav- 
ing outlived all his large family. No 
family record could be fpund after his 
death, but the dates of his children's 
birth have been ascertained as nearly as 
can be from reliable sources and are 
given in parentheses. Children: George 
H. (1819) ; Lucy L. (1821) ; Asa E. 
(1823) ; Charles D. (1826) ; Mary T. 



(1828) ; Sarah J. (1831) : John W. 
(1833) ; Maltha M. (1836) ; Ellen. 
(1840), 

JOHN MILLER. 

\_ConUnued from pcig-e 1 22. J 
John Miller m'. Polly Davenport,, 
Apr. 1, 1S7I. Chiklren : Lewis, b, 
Nov. 19, 2781 , m. Jerusha F'arr ; James 
m. Sarah Warner ; Levi ; Sally, b. Oct. 
17, 1788, m. Cromwell Joy; Polly, b 
Mar. 15, 1792, m. Waterman Joy: 
Rosanna, see page 145 ; Susan, see 
page 144 ; John B., b. Nov. 12, 1798, 
m. Phila Knighi, Sept. 12, 1821. — 
Children : James ; Phila N. ; Rose M. ,' 
Ellen J. ; Henry C. d. 1833 ; C. ; Mary 
M. ; John ; Jane ; H. Harry ; Delia A. 
John B. died Mar. 13, 1876, aged 76. 
His widow is living (1884) in her 85th 
year. She has had 34 grand children of 
whom 29 are living. Her great-grand 
children are 12 in number. A large 
number of friends and relatives attended 
the golden wedding of Mr. and Mrs. 
Miller, Sept. 12, 1871. Royal, son of 
Marshal Miller, page 97, had children: 
Norman ; Catherine, Seneca and Sarah ; 
Lorenzo ; Elizabeth ; Ransom ; Cyrus ; 
Webster ; Caroline. 

On page 4 read recorded by Theodore 
Atkinson. 

Lieut. Leonard Spaulding was com- 
mitted to the common goal, Oct. 28, 
1774. Not the 18th, — page 4. 

Capt. John Kathan married Widow 
Mary Wright, Feb. 10, 1767, and the 
old Bible in which it is recorded, was 
printed in 1731. See page 14. On the 
next page read John Kathan died 1802. 
The remarkable dark day was May 
19, 1780. See page 16. 

Also, read on the same page the old 
burying-ground near Oscar F. Bennett's 
residence. 



DUMMERSTON. 



I'Oa 



On page 32 read Continental dolers i G. Mead, Jr , the sculptor, and Presi- 



worth sixpence. 

On the next page read Polly Haven, 
was born 1773. 

Catherine, daughter of Cliarles Dav- 
enport, who married Benjamin Alvord, 
.died in ISoG. 

Asa French married Mercy Rice. 

Isaac Miller removed from, (not to) 
Massachusetts in 1770, — page 45. 

Omit the first line on page 52 ; Also, 
for Ausilla Hildreth read Aurilla. 

Philana Presson not Philanda, p. G2. 

Sarah Negus was born Oct. 2, 1795 ; 
Lucy Johnson, Dec. 6, 1778, and Ash- 
bel, Jan. 30, 1782. See page 69. 

Dolly Rice was born 1790. Simeon 
Rice, 1802., 

Candace Norcross was born 1797. 
Jonathan Herrick did not marry, as 
printed page 103, Lucinda Dickerman 
in 1779. And Seth Herrick was born 
in 1786. 

Philusia, notPhilisia, was the daugh- 
ter of James Manley. 

Lieut. John Wyman, not AVymen, 
helped tip the tea into Boston harbor. 

Calvin Munn, not Mann, was among 
the Revolutionary pensioners of this 
town. 

Jo.siah Dodge, the pensioner, died 
Feb. 9, 1815. 

Rev. Josiah Merrill settled at Wis- 
casset. Me., in 1857. 

Rev. Henry Marden returned to Ma- 
rash, Turkey, in 1878. 

The parsonage buildings were on the 
east side of the common, except the 
house of Rev. Joseph Farrar. 

Larkin G. Mead, Esq. of Brattleboro, 
married Mary Jane, dau. of Hon. John 
and Polly (Hayes) Noyes, June 8, 
1829. Therefore, the mother of Larkin 



dent Hayes were first cousins. Mr. 
Noyes removed to Putney and Mr. 
Hayes lemoved to Oliio. Page HW). 
fur slats read seats. 

Abijah Caryl married Anna Warri- 
ner, Aug. 22, 1893. John Klarida. 
Sen. died Nov. 11,1 785, aged 55. Jolm 
Flarida, Jr., died Mar. 11, 1«11, aged 
35. Silence, the widow of John Flarida, 
Sen., died Oct. 3, 1817, aged 63. Her 
second husband was William Wiiui, who 
married Hezediah, or Hadassaii, Bi-mis, 
Jan. 4, 1824. She was born Fel). 17, 
1769 and died Oct. 27, 1855, aged 86. 
See page 162. 



THE GRANGE 

OR PATKONS OK HLSHAM>KV. 

The word grange is from grangia or 
granum. meaning grain. It means, 
also, a farm ; hence the society of farm- 
ers called grangers. 

It is, in part, a secret organization, 
and it is the purpose of the order to eilu- 
cate farmers so they shall be able to use 
all their resources and faculties with as 
much advantage to themselves as other 
classes do. 

THK KVKNINc; STAK <U{ANi;i. - 151. 
was organized in tliis town. Dec. 1. 
1874, by Deputy D. E. P.oydi-n. Tlie 
number of charter members was .'>2. 
and afterwards the members increased 
to 50. George W. Walker was master, 
and Henry A. French secretary. 

A grange hall was fitted up at consid- 
erable expense in Slab Hollow, but a 
freshet carried away the buihling, Dec. 
10, 1878. Since that time the uiimber 
of members has decreased until at the 
present time, .Iiiiie 1. ISSI, there are 
i'} members. 

Another grange was organized some 
s a"o in West Dunimerston, rallc»l 



year: 



20<> 



VERMONT HISTORICAL MAGAZINE 



THE PROGRESSIVE GRANGE, 

but is now a suspended grange, the order 
having given up its charter. 

The Evening Star Grange in 1884, 
has George W. Walker, for Master ; 
Mrs. Fa-my E. Crosby, Secretary ; 
and Geo. B.Sargent, Lecturer. 

REPRESENTATIVES 

TO THE GENERAL ASSEMBLY. 

Leonard Spaulding, Mar. 12, 1778, 
1781, '84, '86, 87. 

Thomas Amsden, Mar. 12, 1778. 



Jonathan Knight, October 1778, 
80, 83. 

Alexander Kathan, 1782, 83. 
Hosea Miller, 1785. 
William Sargeant, 1788. 
Thomas Clark, 1789, '90. 



79, 



Jason Duncan, 1791, 


92, 


'93 


99. 1806, '07, '08, '09, 


'10, 


'11 


Daniel Taylor, 1794, 
IftOI 


'95, 


'96 


Jonas Walker 1800. 






Samuel Porter, 1802, 


'03, 


'04, 



'98, 



,97, 



'05. 



Jonathan Huntley, 1812, '13, '14, 
■15 '16, '17. '22, 23. 
Thomas Boyden, 1818 to 1822. 
MarshaU Miller, 1824. '25. 
Josiah Taft, 1826, '27. 
Joseph Duncan, 1828, '29, '36, '37 
Asa Knight, 1830, '31, '34, '35 
Enos Leonard, 1832, '33. 
Clark Rice, 1838. 
Samuel French, 1830, '40, 41. 
Reuben Smead, 1842, '43. 
None in 1844 and in 1845. 
Wm. 0. Miller, 1846, '47. 
Winslow Dutton, 1848, '49. 
George R. Miller, 1850. 



Asa Dutton, 1851. 

Not represented in 1852, '53. 

Alonzo Dutton, 1854. 

Not represented in 1855. 

Asa Lawton, 1856, 57. 

Not represented in 1858, '59. 

Simeon Reed, 1860, '61. 

Joseph Miller, 1862, '63. 

Leroy Wilder, 1864. 

George W. Walker, 1865, '66. 

John K. Leonard, 1867, '68. 

Stephen L. Dutton, 1869, '70, '72, 80 

Samuel N. Bemis, 1874. 

Thomas N. Reed, 1876. 

Horace R. Stoddard, 1878. 

THE SELECTMEN 

OF DUMMERSTON : 

Arnold, Thomas, 1833. 

Bailey, Abner B., 1873 to '77. 

Bemis, Daniel G., 1860. 

Bemis, Daniel W., 1847 to '54- 

Boyden, Asa, 1813, '41, '44. 

Boyden, Thomas, 1813, '17 to '21. 

Boyden, William, 1782 to '86, '91. 

Briggs, Seth, 1807, '08. 

Butterfield, Ezra, 1791, '93, '97, to 
1891, '05, '06, '10. 

Burnett, Isaac, 1792. 

Burnett, Stephen, 1801. 

Burnett, Stephen P., 1869 to '72. 

Burnett, Jotham, 1811, '27, '34 to 
1838. 

Cary, Phineas, 1788, '96. 

Clark , Amasa, 1845, '46. 

Clark, John, 1827, '28, '29, '43, 
1848. 

Clark, Thomas, 1782 to '86, '89, 
'90, 91, '95, '96. 

Clark, Thomas Jr., 1872 to '79. 

Cook, Enoch, 1775, to '80. 



DUMMERSTON. 



207 



Cook, William, 1851, '52. 

Cudworth, T. J. B., 1861. 

Davenport, Charles, 1773. 

Dix Joseph, 1831. 

Dodge, Willard, 1870, 

Duncan, Abel, 1809. 

Duncan, Jason, 1780. '86. '92, '95 
to 1801, '07 to '11. 

Dutton, Alonzo, 1854, '55, '67 to 
1872. 

Dutton, Asa Jr., 1832, '33, '34, '38 
39, '40, '49, '50. 

Dvitton, Samuel, 1774. 

Dutton, Samuel Jr., 1794. 

Dutton, Stephen L., 1854 to '60, 
'62, '63, '64, '66, '67 '80, '81. 

Elmer, Elijah, 1864, '65. 

Estey, S. Ward, 1879 to and 1884. 

French, Chester. W., 1866. 

French, Micah, Jr., 1794. 

French, Nathaniel, 1781. 

French, Nathaniel, 1843, '48, '49. 
,50, '53. 

French, Samuel, 1814, '19, '23 to 
1829. 

French, William, 1812, '20, '21, 
1822. 

Gates, John S., 1782, to '85, '92, 
'97 to 1801, '04, '05, '06. 

Gates, Martin, 1842. 

Gates, Martin W., 1862 to '66. 

Griffith, Ellis, 1804. 

Haven, Abel, 1818. 

Haven, Abel Jr., 1845, '46. 

Haven, Ebenezer, 1773, '76. 

Herrick, Jona. T., 1877, '78, '81. 

Hibbard, Dan, 1791. 

Hildreth, Joseph, 1774, '76. 

Holton, Thomas, 1776. 

Houghton, Cyrus, 1772, ' 73. 

Hudson, Seth, 18 02 U '07. 



'81 



'29, 



Kathan, Alexander, 1789, '87, '88 

Knapp, Ichabod, 1793, '94, 1807. 

Knight, Asa, 1H30 to '38. 

Knight, Jonathan, 1775, -70, 
1789. 

Knight, .bjnalluin Jr., IS 1 2. 

Knight, Samuel, 1808, '10, -11 

Lawton, Asa, 1839. 

Leonard, Enos, 1824, '25, '20, 
'30, '38 to 42. 

Lynde, Lewis H,, 1879. 

Manlcy, Jesse, 1815. 

Miller.George R., 1845, '46, '47. 

Miller, Hosea, 1781. 

Miller, Isaac, 1772, 1774, 

Miller, John, 1811, '16, '17, "23. 

Miller, John B., 1836, '37, '83 
'44, '53. 

Miller, Marshall, 1814, '16, '22. 

Miller Samuel, 1810 to 21. 

Miller, Thomas, 1835, '47. 

Moore, Martin, 1842, '44. 

Moore, Rufus, 1805, '06, '08, 
,12, 13, 14, 15, -23. 

Negus, William, 1781. 

Portep, Samuel 1802, to '07. 

Reed,Thomas, N. 1882' '83. 

Rice, Amos, 1781. 

Roel, Charles G., 1854 to '01. 

Sargeant, James H., 1.S50 to '00 

Sargeant, Rufus, 1780, *87. 

Sargeant, Thomas, 1808. 

Smead, Reuben, 1841. 

Spaulding, Leonard, 1774 

Stearns, John F., 1H29, 
'41, '43. 

Stickney, Henjaniin .Ir 
1872. 

Taft, Josirth, 1821, '22. 

Taylor, Daniel, 1790, '95. '90, 1802 
1803. 



09, 



'«0. 
30, 



1S51, 



10. 



,208 



VERMONT HISTORICAL MAGAZINE. 



Taylor, Luke, 1805. 

Walker, George W., 18G5, '71, '73, 
to '80. 

Walker, Jonas, 1780, '89, '92, '93, 
1801, '07. 

Wheeler, William, 1821. 

Wheeler, AVilliam, Jr. 1868, '69. 

Woodbury, Stephen, 1801. 

AVorden, J. E., 1860, '61. 

Willard, Henry, 1831, '31, '32. 

WiUard, Nelson W., 1861, '62, 
'.C3,'67, '68. 

Willis, Zenas, 1815. 

Wiswall, Samuel, 1772. 



DELEGATES 

TO THE COUNTY CONGRESS 
AND 

COMMITTEE OF INSPECTION. 

From a paper read before the Ver- 
mont Historical Society at Montpelier, 
Oct. 15, 1878, we obtain the informa- 
tion that Lieut. Leonard Spaulding was 
representative from this town to the first 
General Assembly which met at Wind- 
sor, Mar. 19, 1778. 

The first legislature resulted from the 
constitution of July 1777 ; and the con- 
stitution was the result of the general 
conventions, to which, from 1771 until 
1777, the care of the most important 
interests of the people had been com- 
mitted. 

The first record of delegates from this 
town was in 1774, Nov. 28, when 
Solomon Harvey, Ebenezer Haven and 
Hosea Miller were chosen ' ' to set as 
delegates in the County Congress at 
Westminster on the 30th instant." Jan. 
3, 1775, Solomon Harvey, Jt.nathan 
Knight, William Boyden, Enoch Cook, 
Leonard Spaulding, Josiah Boyden and 
Ebenezer Haven were chosen as a com- 



mittee of inspection or safety to inspect 
the conduct of the inhabitants agreeable 
to an oi'der of the Rt. Hon. Continental 
Congress. Feb. 3, and May 22, 1776, 
Enoch Cook, Richard Kelly at the form- 
er date, Enoch Cook and Thomas Clark 
at the latter date, were chosen delegates 
to " set" at Westminster. 

John Hooker was chosen delegate, 
Nov. 28, 1775, also again chosen with 
Josiah Boyden, Dec. 21, 1775. Dea. 
Jonathan Cole of Westmoreland, N.H., 
was chosen Feb. 26, 1776, to meet with 
the county committee to meet at John 
Sargent's in Brattleboro, to draw up a 
remo.istrance to send to the Continental 
Congress at Philadelphia, concerning 
the blody massacre on the 13th of March 
last, June 8, 1776, Joseph Hildrethand 
Leonard Spaulding were chosen dele- 
gates to " set" at Westminster, and on 
Aug. 15, 1776, the same persons were 
chosen to " set " at Dorset. They were 
instructed by a committee chosen for 
that purpose to appear at Dorset Sept. 
25th, 1776, and what course to follow 
in the convention. 

Hon. E. P. Walton says in an address 
given before the Vt. His. Soc, that on 
"Mar. 26, 1778, Doct. Thomas Amsden 
was appointed on a committee with two 
known members, to copy acts of the 
legislature for the information of the 
people. Thomas Amsden rendered an 
account for that service, dated at Dum- 
merston, which was allowed by the gov- 
ernor to ' Doct. Amsden.' Dummers- 
ton was probably entitled to two mem- 
bers in March 1778, and had but one in 
Deming's list." 

MEMBERS OF THE 
CONSTITUTIONAL CONVENTION. 

Jason Duncan, 1791 ; Alexander 
Kathan, 1793; Jonathan Huntley, 
1814 '18, '28 ; Marshall Miller, 1822 ; 
Samuel Knight, 1836 ; John Clark, 
1843 ; Asa Dutton, 1850. 



DUMMERSTON. 



COIiNTY OFFICERS. 

The following persons from Dum- 

merston have served in County offices : 

Assistant Judges : Jason Duncan, 

in 1801, ^02. ^06. -08; Thomas Miller 

in 1847. 

Judges ok probate : Dana Miller, 
1823 ; Marshall Miller, 1831, '32, '40, 
'41. '42 ; Asa Knight. 1834, '35. '36. 
Clerk of the County Court, 
Marshall Miller, 1841, '42, '43, 44, 
'4o. 46, 47, '48, '49, '50. 

the first town officers, 
chosen at the organ'zation of the town, 
were : Joseph Hildreth, moderator ; 
Enoch Cook, town clerk ; Ebenezer 
Haven, supervisor. ; Alexander Kathan 
and Benjamin Jones assessors ; Rufus 
Sargeant and Cyrus Houghton collect- 
ors ; Joseph Hildreth, Benjamin Jones 
and Charles Davenport , surveyors of 
highways ; Isaac Miller, Samuel Wis- 
well and Cyrus Houghton coramisiou- 
ers to lay out highways : Shepard Gates 
and Barzillai Rice, fence-viewers ; Rufus 
Sargeant, Barzillai Rice, Ebenezer Ha- 
ven and Daniel Kathan constables ; 
Alexander Kathan and William Boyden 
overseers of the poor. 

TOWN CLERKS. 

The settlers' first meeting was March 
4, 1771, at which time Enoch Cook was 
chosen " settlers' clerk." The town was 
organized May 19, 1772, and he was 
chosen at that time, " Town clerk " and 
remained in office till May 18, 1773, 
when Solomon Harvey was chosen as 
his successor. He resigned in April 
1775, and on May 16th, the same year, 
Jonathan Knight was chosen in his 
place, and was clerk till 1780. Jason 
Duncan, from 1780 to 1804, and from 
1807 to 1812, in all 29 years. Samuel 
Porter, from 
27 



209 

Duncan, son of the former town clerk. 
" Judge Duncan," served from 1S12 to 
1849, 37 years ; Joseph Miller, from 

1849, and is still in office. 1n79. 

population. 
There were 19 head.'* of families in 
1761, and a population of about l.'t. 
The number of white males under 16. 
in 1771, was 54; above 16 an<l under 
60 years, 54 ; 60 and upwards 3 ; 
Females under 16 years, 37 ; above 16 
years, 40 ; black males, 1 ; total popu- 
lation in 1771 was 189 ; heads of fam- 
ilies, 44. The population in 1791 , was 
1501 ; in 1800, 1692 ; in 1810. 1704 : 
in 1820, 1658 ; in 1830. 1592 ; in 1«40, 
1263; in 1850. 1645; in 1860. 1022; 
1870, 916. The rank in population of 
the towns in Windham County in 1791. 
makes this town fifth in number. In 

1850, the rank was three. The value 
of ratable property in 1781 was 82970; 
in 1791, 84978. 

OUR CEMETERIES. 

These little landscapes of the dead iu 
Dummerston are six in number, three 
in the west part and three in the east 
part of the town. All of them art 
simply old-t'ashioned grave -yards. — 
There is very little about them like what 
we see in the village cemeteries of large 
places. They are not so neat and beau- 
tiful as many would like to have them, 
and yet when the visitor calls there, it 
will be seen that evergreen trees and 
shrubbery shade the graves of departed 
generations, that the grass is left to grow 
green, then to wither and die on these 
hillocks, that the leaves fall just as au- 
tumn scatters them and lie cU»se-folded 
over the uplifted turf; and he will not 
fail to notice that a sacredness is prenent 
in the still air — present in the sod a,-* his 
! foot gently touches it. that is in Iioly 



1804 to 1807 ; Joseph | ^j^jj^^.^ ...jd^ .i^ath and the 



gravt 



The 



210 



VERMONT HISTORICAL MAGAZINE. 



whispers t>f watehiag angels are these 
for the seal of Gotl's Acre is isot over- 
laid by the device? of mao's hand. 

The settlers at their first meeting in 
1771, DOt only chose a committee to 
select a spot for the meeting-house, but 
chose •' Daniel Kathau, Charles Daven- 
port and Joseph Hildreth to look out a 
burying place." A spot on the com- 
mon south of the meeting-house was 
selected for that purpose. 

In 1792, the town voted to " remove 
the burying-ground, and a new lot was 
selected on the land of Hosea Miller, 
Daniel Gates, Seth Hudson a»d Col. 
Wm. Boyden were chosen a committee 
to receive subscriptions for fencing the 
new lot, superintending the building of 
the fence and to contract with Hosea 
Miller for the land. They were not 
successful in obtaining subscriptions ; 
and the town voted Dec. 10, 1793, to 
raise the money, $105, " for fencini. the 
new bm*ying ground. The remains of 
the dead in the old Ici were probably 
moved to the new ground that year. 

We are not certain when tiie other 
burial-lots were located. The first per- 
son, buried in the grave-yard east of the 
Hollow, was a negro, and said to be 
buried on the brow of the hill on the 
east side. At the time the yard was 
fenced, the wall was laid over the foot 
of the grave. 

The oldest gravestone in that yard is 
one erected : 

"In memory of Sally daughter of 
Tilotson Miller and Mrs. Hannah his 
wife, died Sept. 25, 1785, aged 3 years." 

In the gi-aveyard near the Centre, the 
oldest gravestone has the following in- 
scription : 

Mary daughter of David and Mary 
Laughton, died Oct. 10, 1782, aged 8 
mos. 6 days. These at the cost of Mrs. 
Margaret Spaulding. 



Mrs. Spaulding was the mother of 
Mrs. Mary Laughton and grandmother 
of the ehild. 

The first white marble grave-stone 
erected in this yard, is that of Mrs. 
Hannah Knowles who died Mar. 9, 1805,, 
aged 59, " Erected by JohnKnsowles as 
a tribute of respect to a kind mother. 
Th\b mem(-rial was erected by her son.'* 



CAPT. EZEKIEL WILSON 

Was the ancestor of the Wilson fam- 
ilies that settled in Dummerston. He 
was one of the first settlers on Putney 
West Hill, but living very near to Dum- 
merston line, was much associated with 
the affairs in the west part of this town 
in early times. When the Baptist church 
was organized iu West Dummerston, 
1783, he was ont oi the original mem- 
bers He was born in Rehoboth, Mass. . 
and settled on Putney West Hill prob- 
ably about 1780. In early life, he was 
a sailor on board of whaling vessels ^ 
mostly in northern seas. During the 
Revolutionary war, he enlisted in the 
expedition to Montreal and Quebec un- 
der General Montgomery in December 
1775, and suffered extreme hardship 
from cold and hunger, being at one time 
without food for three days. He was a 
volunteer soldier in the battle of Ben- 
nington and fought with distinction. 
He joined in the raid under Eathan 
Allen against the ^' Yorkers " in Guil- 
ford. His title of captain came from 
the circumstance of his being chosen 
commander of a militia company in 
Putney. Captain Wilson was a man of 
strong mind and had a good faculty for 
settling neighborhood troubles without 
recourse to law. He died in 1830, and 
must have been 85 or more years of 
age. His wife was Sarah Turner, of 
Rehoboth, Mass. They were married 



DUMMERSTON. 



211 



about 1766 or '•■Ql ; chiUlrcn : Htuiiiali 
Bi. Lutlier Butler, Aug. 25, 17i»0; 

Fairmg, b. 1770, married 1st, Molly 
(Polly) Maoley, aaid by this marriage 
liad Abel, Rufus, Hamiali, who married 
Gideon Cudworth, Thomas, "id, Rachel 
Joy, who died Jan. 1861, aged (S2 ; and 
liad two more children — Stujlbrd W. 
and Adaliiie who m. Levi M. Walker; 

Abel, b. 1772, m. Betsey Taft. 

Reubeu, b. 1774, m. Mercy Maoley ; 
■children: Sally, Mercy, Mary, Lucy, 
Seneca R., Chloe, James M., Marsliall 
R., and Abraiu B. ; 

Joseph, bora 1777, m. Abigail Cud- 
worth ; children : Gideon H., Abigail, 
8hepard S., Sarah C, George F., and 
Elih.i M. ; 

Abram, the schoolmaster and quaker, 
b. 1780, went to New York state ; 

Sally, m. a minister by the name of 
8mith and removed to Sherbrooke in 
Canada ; 

Betsey, m. Benj. Campbell, father of 
E B. Campbell, Esq., of Brattleboro ; 

Wheaton, b. 1788, m. 1st, Rachel 
Taft, 2d, Sally Taft, Mar. 5, 1818, a 
sister of the first wife ; 

Chloe, m. John Turner. 
Fairing Wilson and his brothvrs, 
Reuben, Joseph and Wheaton settled in 
Dummerston. Fairing died in 1842, 
aged 72, Reuben removed in 1835 
with his family to Cattaraugus Co., N. 
Y., where he died in 1864, aged about 
90. His daughter, Lacy, married Chas. 
Black, and Chloe married Zenas But- 
terfield, brother of Hon, E. T. Butter- 
field, of Wilmington. 

Abram married his wife, Abigail, in 
Rochester, N. Y.,and had two children, 
Isaac and Sarah. He died in 1866, 
aged 86. 

Joseph Wilson died in 1864, aged 87. 



His son, Gideon H., m. Lydiii, dan. of 
Dea. Jesse and Het.-^^y (French) Mau- 
ley and removed to Wesluij X»-\v York 

Abigail Wilson, m. Jolin .Mauley. 

Sarah C. m. John Wliilm y. 

Abel and Betsey Wilson's rhildn-ii 
were : Angeline. John, Ezokiel, Wait- 
still, Harriet, Mary. (Je<»rgi', Abel, 
Sarah, Daniel, and Sophia. 

Wheaton Wilson's childn-n by the Ist 
marriage were : All>ert and Wlieatcm ; 
by the 2d, Laura J., Mary, Muria F.. 
Alonzo, Emily, Sophia, Can)lini' L., 
John, William Walter an.l Wjill.ici! W. 



THE HLSTORIAN'8 BIOGRAPHY 

For which ourseU' and oth i-is a^kt-*!. — Kil. 

The portrait of D. L. Mansfield, 
which accompsvuies this sket<-h was furn- 
ished at the expense of several citizen? 
in Dummerston. Their intention of so 
doing did not come to the knowledge of 
the compiler of the town's history, until 
the money was all subscribed ami jire- 
sented to him as a New Year's gift at 
the beginning of 1883. He was very 
grateful for the expression of good will 
and accepted the offering as a token of 
appreciation for work performed in the 
interest of the town. A brief Jncgraph- 
ical sketch of the person, ^^ hose j)ortrait 
is given, may be admissible in this 
connection. 

He was born in Salisbury. N. II.. 
Sept. 17, 1837, and is the eldest and 
only one living of six children, .sons of 
Jesse J. and Hannah (L\ifkin) Mans- 
field, viz : David L., Joseph C, Wil- 
liam H., Charles W., 2d, and II..llisC. 
Three were soldiers in the late war for 
the Union. The youngest dieil of fever 
at the age of 20. His mother died Feb. 
14, 1875, aged 65. His father is still 
living and receives a pension from the 
U. S. government. 



/^u 



VERMONT HISTORICL MAGAZINE. 



His granil-parents were Aaron and 
Betsey (Jaqiiith) Mansfield, married in 
Alstead, N. H., in 1805, and whose 
children were : Aaron, Jesse J., Hollis, 
Emery, Keziah B., and Lewis H. 

The great-grand-parents were : Dea- 
con Ezra and Rebecca (Kenney) Mans- 
field, married in New Ipswich, N. H., 
Feb. 21, 1769, whose children were: 
Ezra, Jr., Rebecca, Azuba, Aaron, 
Elijah, Barach, and Asa. 

Deacon P^zra Mansfield was a resi- 
dent of Lynn, Mass., in 1766, where 
two of his brothers, Daniel and William, 
and a sister Lydia, were married. He 
died in Alstead, N. H., Feb. 5, 1838, 
aged 92 years. 

The subject of this sketch had few 
advantages for schooling until after four- 
teen years of age. Begining in 1852, 
he worked on a farm during the greater 
portion of each year and attended school 
for three winters in the village of WaL 
pole, N. H., where he had the advan- 
tages of a high school. Six terms of 
school under the instruction of Prof. L. 
F. Ward at Westminister, two at Paper- 
mill Village, N. H., and one at Power's 
Institute, Bernardston, Mass., concluded 
his academical course of study. Money 
enough was saved from his wages to 
meet all the expenses of his education 
and also pay a considerable sum to his 
parents for time purchased before he 
was of age. The misfortune of ill 
health, caused by rheumatism, changed 
his course of life at the age of 22 years. 
Instead of being a farmer, as antici- 
pated, he engaged in school teaching, 
which, thus far in life, has been his 
principal occupation. 

In 1861 , he became a resident of Dum- 
merston. March 11, 1873, he married 
Clarissa Amy, dau. of Benjamin and 
Clarissa (Farr) Estabrook. Begining 



in 1857. he taught district schools four 
successive winters in Walpole, N. H., 
where he was a resident from 1852 till 
he removed to Dummerston. Since that 
time he has been connected with the 
schools of this town, 21 years, as teach- 
er, and 15 years as town superintendent. 
He has taught scliool, also, in the towns 
of Chesterfield, N. H.,and Brattleboro. 
He was licensed to teach, by the State, 
for 10 years, and by the county, the 
same length of time. 

BRIEFS AND CORRIGENDA. 

Page 94. Alexander C. Walker who 
gave the portrait of Dr. Sewall Walker 
to the history of Dummerston, was 
born Sept. 27, 1831. 

Page 178. Lucretia, dau. of Samuel 
Duncan, was born in 1773. Mr. Dun- 
can, it is said, married a sister of the 
Kelleys, who were early settlers here. 

Alexander Kelley was born in Hop- 
kinton, Mass. , Apr. 21, 1755 m. Elisa- 
beth — about 1773. Children : Mary, 
1775,; Sarah ; Nancy ; Elisabeth Al- 
exander, Jr. ; Lucinda ; Lawson. 

William Kelley m. Lucy about 

1772. Children : James ; Amos ; Sam- 
uel ; William Jr. ; John ; Lucy. 

Page 40. Samuel Adams had chil- 
dren : Samuel N. ; William ; Chauncey. 

Nathan Adams m. Ruth Kendrick? 
about 1782. Children: Ethylinda ; 
Polly ; Clarissa ; Ruth ; Hannah ; Na- 
than ; Clark ; Fanny ; Sophia ; Betsey ; 
Lovinia ; Milo K. 

Page 122. Elijah Brown, soldier, 
had children : Relief ; Sally ; Abel ; 
Bill ; Timothy ; Sally 2d. 

Lt. Josiah J. Allen married Desire 
Jones? about 1777. Children : Phebe ; 
Sarah ; Johnson ; Desire ; Josiah Jr. 
Charles Allen mar. Elizabeth Gilman, 
Nov. 3, 1786. Ch. Charles ; William ; 
Eliphlet : Harry ; Harriet ; Emelia. 



DUMMERSTON. 



INDEX. 

NOTE :— With but few exceptions, only the 
names of persons belonging only to Dummer- 
ston, and the family name in the sketches, are 
contained in the following index. The correc- 
tion of the more important typographical er- 
rors, begins on page 170 and is continued with 
additional information on other pages, or un- 
der the head of briefs and corrigenda. Small 
errors that will not mislead the reader have 
not been considered. More than fifty annec- 
dotes and incidents of the early settlers are 
blended with the dry historical facts. 

Abridged Annals, 111. 
Adam«, 40, 212. 
Aged Persons, 152. 
Allen, Lieut., 212. 
Alvord, Moses, 117. 
Amsden, Dr. Thomas, 47, 54, 95, 
161, 178. 
Arnold, 190. 
Baker, Dr. Thomas, 95. 
Bailey, 179. 

Barbour, Rev. Nelson, 153. 
Barrett, 184. 
Bemis, 62, 113. 
Beckley, Rev. Hosea, 88. 
Belknap, 107. 
Bennett, 99, 187. 
Birchard, Roger, 175. 
Boyden, 37, 177. 
Brown, Elijah, 121. 212. 
Briggs, 185. 
Burnett, 181. 
Butler, 90, 178. 
Butterfield, 189. 
Caryl, 163. 
Cemeteries, 209. 
Chase, 181. Rev. L. G., 156. 
Child, 189. 

Chandler, Rev. A., 155. 
Chur.-.h History, 83, 153, 172, 192. 

202. 

Clark, 95, 170. 

Cook, 36. 

Corrigenda, 170, 177, 204, 212, 215. 

Crosby, Rev. Aaron. 86. 

Crosby, 105. 

Cummings, William, 119. 



Darling, 184. 
Davenport, 34. 
Dean, 188. Dix 21.'). 

Deer, Reeves, 82. 
Dodge, Josiali, 127, 136. 
Dnnoan, 93. 141, 178, 112. 
Dunklee, 1«5. 
Duttcn, 41. ir.S. 177. 
Dutton, Alonzo, 42. 
Diitton. Winslow, 167. 
Early Farms. 70. 
Early Roads, 78. 
Early Settlers, 70. 
Early Military History, 115. 
Enos, Joseph, 105. 
Estabrook, 146. 

Farrar, Rev. Jo.seph, 83, 84, 124. 
115. 

Fatal Accidents, 174. 

Fight at Guilford, 57. 

Fitts. 105. 

First Meeeting House, 15, 82. 172. 

Foster, 184, 191. 

Foster, Rev. B. F., 154. 

French, 9, 11, 42, 106. 

French, John, 96, 171. 

French, Micah Jr.. 105. 

French, Rev. A. D., 157. 

Flarida, 162 205. 

French and Indian war, 116. 

Gates, 55, 177. 

Gibbs, 168. 

Gleason, Benjamin, 117. 

G-)ss, 188. Goddard, 215. 

Graham, 190. 

Gritfeth, 189. 

Grand List, 107. 

Greenwood, Col. Wm. H., 199. 

Guernsey, 184. 

Hadley, 163. 

Haley. James, 118. 

Hague, 105. 

Haven, 33. 

Harvey, Dr. Solomon, 52. 

Haywards, 82. 



VERMONT HISTORICAL MAGAZINE. 



Hayes, Rutherford, 159, 205. 

Hiltlreth, 51. 

ITill, John, 122. 

Higgins, 104, 178. 

Hilliard, Joseph, 117. 

Herrick, 101. 

Helton, 69, 124, 149, 151. 

Hooker, John, 12, 52, 88. 

Hudson, 106. 

Hurricane, 17, 91, 119, 

Jones, 51. 

Johnson, 69. 

Kathan, Capt. John, 12, 13, 70. 

Kathan, 14, 127. 

Kelley, 67, 212. 

Kilbury, 36. 

Knapp, 148, 204. 

Knight, 137. 

Knight, Joel, 57, 120. 

Knight Joel, Jr. 140. 

Knight, Esther Farr, 143, 178. 

Knight, Hon. Asa, 141. 

Knight, Susan Miller, 144. 

Kneeland, Rev. Abner, 165, 171. 

Laughton, 57, 116, 177, 204. 

Laughton, Jacob, 122. 

Leister, Daniel, 124. 

Lincoln, 103. 

Livermore, 106. 

Mann, (not Munn) 186, 187. 

Mann, Jonas, 161. 

Manley, 105. 

Marriages, 86. 

Marden, Rev. Henry, 156, 205. 

Merrill, Rev. Josiah, 156. 

Miller, 45, 129, 169, 182. 

Miller, Capt. Isaac, 43, 

Miller, John, 122, 204. 

Miller, Marshall, 97, 132. 

Miller, Maj. Wm., 98, 132. 

Miller, Hon. Thomas, 169. 

Miller, Joseph, 123. 

Miller, Joseph, Esq., 135, 170. 

Miller, Asa, 133. 

Miller, Wm. O., 135., 170. 



Miller Samuel, 183. 

Minester Tax, 87. 

Moore, 191. 

Mansfield, 211, 

Noyes, John, 159 205. 

Noyes & Hayes Store, 158. 

Negus, 69, 116, 118. 

Norcross, 100. 

Nourse, 106. 

Obituary Extraordinary, 139. 

Orvis, 89. 

Pai-sonage, 157 

Parish, 188. 

Physicians, 173. 

Population, 209. 

Pierce, 101. 

Post Office, 164. 

Porter, Hon. Samuel, 164. 

Presson, 61, 177. 

Povei'ty Year, 114. 

RandoU, 184. 

Reed, Isaac, 101. 

Reed, Simeon, 152, 178. 

Revolutionary War, 117 ; Relic, 128. 

Represenatives &c., 206. 

Rice, 17, 40, 97. 

Roel, 185. 

Sargeant, 21,41, 171 ; 

Sargeant, Col. Wm. 92. 

School Districts, 110; Money, 194. 

School Supervision, 174. 

Smith, Loyal, 168. 

Soldiers in the late vrar, 195. 

Spaulding, 24, 76, 177. 

Stearns, Dr. Samuel, 64. 

Stearns, John F., 68, 168. 

StockweU, 190. 

Stickney, 145, 178. 

Stoddard, 186. 

Staubbach Falls, 113. 

Sunday School, 172. 

Taylor, 186. 

Temple, 90 

Tenney, 106, 186, 215. 

Thanksgiving Disappointments, 140. 



DUMMERSTO 



Thompson, Jacob, 52. 
Thayer, 162. 
Tithing Men, 82. 
Wakefield, Samuel, 161. 
Walker, 94, 175 215. 

" Dr. Sewall, 94, 178, 212. 
Warning out of Town, 113. 
Wells, Rev. M. H., 173. 
White, Asa, 163. 
Whitney, Benjamin, 162. 
Whipple, John, 189. 
Wheeler William, 168 
Willard, 179. Wilson, 210. 
Wilder, 127. 147, 166. 
Williams, Mrs. Rosanna M., 145. 
Willis, Zenas, 167. 
Wiswall, .Samuel, 37. 
Worden, 165. 

Wyman, Capt. John, 54, 73, 125. 
Zwears, 184. 

BRIEFS AND CORRIGENDA CONCLUDED. 

Page 106 : Josiah Teiiney married 
Matilda Livermore, Jan. 13, 1813. 
Children : Rebecca ; Lyndon ; Mary ; 
and Charles C. 

Page 169 : read Horace Cate. Rev. 
R. D. Miller has only 2 children living. 

Page 173 : read Dr. Jeremiah Dean 
also, Dr Alpheus Davidson. 

Joseph Dix m. Cynthia, dau. of Jo- 
seph Crosby. Ch : Catherine, born in 
1818, m. Willard Wilkins ; J. Frank- 
lin, a merchant in Baltimore, Md. ; 
Oscar m. Marcia Sargt-ant , Hardin. 

Mrs. Dix died, Sept. 28, 1845. 
Mr. Dix m. 2d., Eliza C. Miller. 

Levi Goddard m. Lydia Whitney 
Mar. 16, 1792. Ch : Josiah m. Eunice, 
Willard ; Asa ; Henry married Martha 
Briggs ; Lydia ; George ; Levi married 
Alice Davis ; Solomon ; James ; Wm. 
Mrs. Goddard died, Oct. 28, 1816 and 
Mr. Goddard m 2d. Zurvilla Duncan, 
Sept. 26, 1817. 



Page \)o : .h..ni.-^ \\ -.u,^. . \ 
Davis. R 175 : Alfred Uoel wa. 
in 1866. P. IHO: Lunojwler. P. :: 
John MilKr m. Apr. 1, 1781 ; Ixjwisb. 
Nov. 17S1. p. Ml t<M-hh...rMrH. A«a 
Knight add .lauu-s, b. .July 2.5, lH25, d. 
Aug. 12, 1825. To soldiers, John K. 
Morse Dexter R. Dean (died, Jan. 15, 
1863, aged 18 years, page 202. And 
the Widow of Col. Greenwood \in» 
erected a magnificent granite monument 
over his remains in the East Cenieterv. 

Page 206 : Stephen L. Dutton was 
rejjresentative in IHSO, and L»-wis H. 
Lynde in 1882. 

Page 206, '07, -08 : to bring down 
the list complete, of selectmen, atld tlie 
names 0. L. F. Bennett, 1882, 83, '84 ; 
Levi M. Walker, 1880 and 1881. 
The population of the town in 1880 
was 816. 

[ From a letter of Rev. Mr. Foster, 
the Historian of Putney, whose papers 
are now in the hands of the composi- 
tor. " You sent me some proofs con- 
taining an account of Rev. Mr. Farrar, 
the first settled minister of Dununers- 
ton. There are a mumber of Farrar 
families in Lincoln, a town adjoining 
Concord. Lincoln was the birth place 
of the Rev. ISIr. Farrar ; and the Far- 
rars of Lincoln are relatives of the first 
minister of Dummerston. I am v.cU 
acquainted with them. Thinking that 
they might be interested in those pajM-rs 
I lent them to Deacon Farrar's family. 
who were much pleased in reading tbe 
account of their relative.] 

.JOHN WHITNEY 

and Hannah, his wife, came from NfW- 
fane to Dummerston before 1805. Mr. 
Whitney died, Oct. 13, 1849, aged 89. 
Mrs. Whitney died, Aug. 8, 1M28, n-. 
30 years. Mary, their daughter, died 
Oct. 14, 1826, aged 30; Hannah. 



>»*.j.v-'l.'^ J. 



HISTORICAL MAGAZINE. 



'^3, 1842, aged 44 ; John Jr. Oct. 

, 1841. 
- Levi Whitney, 

the son of John and Hannah Whitney, 
just named, and resided in Dummerston 
from 1804, till his death in April 1861, 
the 28th, at the age of about GO. 

He was a man of worth, integrity and 
considerable culture. We select from 
his pen-productions : 

" FROM NATURE'S WORKS. 
From Nature's works instruction you may 

find 
That will improve the thoughts and elevate 

the mind: 
Would you in meekness and humilty 

abound, 
Learn from the violet, blooming near the 

gi-ound. 
The little white and lowly flower, close 

view. 
And be as meek and as unassuming, too : 
Go view the lily, also, spotless, white and 

fair. 
And learn of purify a lovely lesson there : 
Again, the blushing rose so soon to fade away, 
Will tell how youth must fade and nature 

soon decay ; 
A gentle admonition to you give, 
How j'ou should act, how daily live. " 



A HAPPY FACE, -an EXTRACT. 
" A happy face with cheerful look. 
An influence round it throws, 
That acts upon us as the sun 
Does on the blooming rose. 
It wakes to life those happy smiles 

That coldness ne'er can bring. 
And casts a hallowed beauty on 

The plainest, simplest thing. 
Be prudent in afl'airs of life. 

Be kind to every friend ; 
So live that you will never fear 

The trial of life's end. 
Then wear the happy, cheerful face 

The influence round it throws. 
That acts upon us as the sun 
Does on the blooming rose. 

J. C. M.* 
In Waverley Magazine. 
■J. C. Mansfield, a soldier of Dummerston. 



PORTRAITS AND DONORS. 

TO THE DUMMERSTON BOOK. 

Capt. Isaac Miller, presented by the 
artist, Leslie W. Miller of Philadelphia 
Joseph Duncan Esq. by Mrs Jane M. 
Perkins of Rutland & other gr. children. 
Joel Knicht &. Mrs. Esther Farr 
Knight, by several of the gr. children ; 
from paintings by Belknapp in 1832. 
Joel Knight Junior by Mrs. Fanny 
(Duncan) Knight. 

Col. Wm. H. Greenwood steel 

engraving by Mrs. Eva D. Greenwood. 
Rev. Benjamin F. Foster by Mrs. 
Mary C. Foster and daughters : Mrs. 
Fredrick A Noble D. D. of Chicago ; 
Mrs. John Bower of Pittsburgh Penn. 
Dr. Sewall Walker by his son, mayor 
of Farley, lo., Alexander C. Walker. 
from a painting when the Docter was 
25, made by Dr. John Wilson, believ- 
ed by many to be " Thunderbolt. " 
Mrs. Rosanna M. Williams by Mrs. 
Williams & grand. son, J. H. Merrifield. 
Dea. Abel & Mrs. Maria M. Haven 
by Dea. Joel M. Haven of Rutland. 
Elijah & Anna (Miller) Rice and 
Clark Rice by Mrs. Milton Miller, 
grand-daughter and daughter. 
Hon. Asa & Mrs. Susan M. Knight, 
by their children. 
Asa Miller by his children. 
Alonzo Dutton by Myron F. Dutton 
& Mrs. Adin F. Miller, grand-children. 
Joseph Miller by Mrs. Sophia Arms 
Miller. 

WiNSLOw Dutton by Mr. Dutton. 
J. Edson Worden by Mr. Worden. 
Wm. O. Miller by Mr. Miller. 
David L. Mansfield by his Friends. 
Miller Family Coat Of Arms by 
Col. Chas. D. Miller of Newark, 0. 

PUBLiSHEK's Note :— The Dummerston Book 
is the first vol. from Miss Hemenway's Histor - 
ical Rooms at Ludlow. Towns, now, first ready 
and that give the best order will be issued first 

This Town takes 200 copies in cloth bindings 
and 100 copies in the pamphlet form. Total 300.