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Full text of "History of the town of Durham, New Hampshire : (Oyster River Plantation) with genealogical notes"

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Col. Lucien Thompson 



HISTORY 

of the 

TOWN OF DURHAM 

NEW HAMPSHIRE 
(Oyster River Plantation) 

WITH 

GENEALOGICAL NOTES 

By EVERETT S, STACKPOLE 
and LUCIEN THOMPSON 



IN TWO VOLUMES 



Volume One 

NARRATIVE 




PUBLISHED BY VOTE OF THE TOWN 



Nifl^W 



5 7 

I «1 ; 2 



V 



\ I 






CONTENTS 

PAGE 

Birth and Growth of the Town i 

Early Settlers and Estates 31 

Exiles from Scotland 75 

Depredations bv Indians 85 

Military History 107 

Sketch of Church History 169 

Roads 219 

Burial Places 239 

Slavery 249 

Education 257 

Lawyers and Law Students . 277 

Physicians 285 

Leaders in the Past . . . . ' 291 

Some Men of the Present 315 

Post Office and Postmasters 331 

Some Old Houses .... 337 

Lists of Town Officers 361 

First Census of the United States, 1790 371 

Marriages 1 379 

Baptisms 391 

Deaths 395 

Index of Places and Subjects 399 

Index of Names 405 



ILLUSTRATIONS 

PAGB 

Col. Lucien Thompson Frontispiece 

Shankhassick, or Oyster River 4 

Durham Village as Seen from Broth Hill 18 

Davis-Smith Garrison, Lubberland 34 

Adams Point, First Called "Matthews Neck" 37 

Mouth of Long Creek 42 

Shore of Little Bay 44 

Map of Oyster River Plantation 48 

Comfort Mathes Camp 51 

Goat Island 61 

Bunker Garrison 62 

Bunker Garrison 63 

Head of Tide Water, Oyster River 70 

Upper End of College Reservoir, in "Follets Marsh" 72 

The Major John Demerit Residence, Madbury 120 

Gen. John Sullivan 134 

Sullivan Monument 136 

Newtown Battlefield Monument 139 

Gen. Alexander Scammell 140 

Scammell Grange 142 

Lieut.-Col. Winborn Adams' Inn 145 

Survivors of the Civil War 161 

Major Daniel Smith 163 

Samples of Durham Scenery ' 188 

Rev. Curtis Coe 202 

Rev. Federal Burt 205 

Rev. Alvan Tobey, D. D 208 

Congregational Church 209 

Congregational Church, Interior 210 

Congregational Church 212 

The Parsonage 214 

Lamprey River, Second Falls 220 

Residence of the Late Deacon John E. Thompson 222 

Oyster River Freshet 224 

The Road to Bagdad 226 

Spruce Hole 234 

Pascataqua Bridge 235 

Relics of Pascataqua Bridge 236 

Boston & Maine Railroad Station 237 

School Houses at Packer's Falls 258 

Village School House 263 

New Hampshire College 266 



VI ILLUSTRATIONS 

PAGE 

Thompson Hall 268 

Houses now or once Used by College Fraternities 270 

Edward Thomson Fairchild, LL. D 272 

Residence of the College President 273 

Dean Charles H. Pettee, LL. D 274 

Hon. James F. Joy 283 

Alphonso Bickford, M. D 289 

Judge Valentine Smith 296 

Hon. Stephen Demeritt 297 

Benjamin Thompson 299 

Hamilton A. Mathes 300 

Miss Mary Pickering Thompson 301 

Deacon John Thompson 303 

Deacon John Emerson Thompson 304 

Deacon Albert Young 305 

Mills at Wiggin's Falls 306 

Thomas H. Wiswall 307 

Wiswall's Paper Mill 308 

Hamilton Smith 310 

Ebenezer Thompson 3tl 

Mark H. Mathes 312 

Gen. Alfred Hoitt 313 

Hon. Joshua B. Smith 316 

Forrest S. Smith 317 

Hon. Jeremiah Langley 318 

Hon. Daniel Chesley 321 

Charles Wentworth 322 

Col. Arioch W. Griffiths 323 

Albert DeMeritt 325 

Charles E. Hoitt 326 

Valentine Mathes 327 

Charles S. Langley 328 

George W. Ransom 329 

Joseph William Coe 333 

George D. Stevens 335 

Residence of Gen. John Sullivan 338 

Inn of Master John Smith 339 

Residence of Miss Margaret B. Ffrost 340 

Interior of Residence of Miss Margaret B. Ffrost 342 

Residence of Mr. and Mrs. George H. Mendell 343 

Red Tower, Residence of the Late Hamilton Smith 344 

Residence of the Late Judge Valentine Smith 346 

Residence of Ebenezer Smith 347 

House Built by James Joy 348 

Residence of Albert DeMeritt 350 

Woodman Garrison 352 

Woodman Garrison in Flames 353 



ILLUSTRATIONS Vli 

PAGE 

Residence of Col. Lucien Thompson 354 

Library of Col. Lucien Thompson 355 

Residence of Forrest S. Smith 358 

Summer Camp of Elisha R. Brown 359 

Interior of Mr. Brown's Camp 360 



FOREWORD 

The movement to publish a History of Durham was begun in 
1885 by a vote in town meeting, authorizing the appointment of 
a committee by the selectmen for that purpose. The committee 
so appointed consisted of Joshua B. Smith, Winthrop S. Meserve 
and Lucien Thompson. In 1886, in response to a petition signed 
by this committee and by James W. Burnham, Benjamin Thomp- 
son, Hamilton A. Mathes, William P. Frost, Samuel H. Barnum, 
Henry B. Mellen, Albert DeMeritt, Joseph C. Bartlett, Ephraim 
Jenkins and John W. E. Thompson, the town voted an appropria- 
tion of I900 to assist in the publication of a History not to cost 
over I5 per copy, and added Ephraim Jenkins and Joseph W. Coe 
to the above mentioned committee. The committee had power 
to fill vacancies and was authorized to collect material and secure 
the publication of the history with such aid as they thought 
best. Printed circulars were issued, stating the scope of the 
proposed history, and also there were distributed five hundred cir- 
culars full of questions, especially soliciting genealogical informa- 
tion. To this circular there were but few replies. In 1887 Albert 
Young was chosen a member of the committee to take the place 
of Joshua B. Smith resigned. In 1889 Hamilton A. Mathes was 
chosen to fill a vacancy caused by resignation of Joseph W. Coe. 
Conferences were held with the Rev. Alonzo H. Quint, D. D., 
and Miss Mary P. Thompson relative to the preparation of the 
history. Dr. Ham of Dover ofifered all possible assistance. Thus 
the records close, — to be reopened over twenty years later. 

In 191 1 the matter was taken up again. Messrs. Albert De- 
Meritt, Arioch W. Grififiths and Charles Wentworth were added 
to the committee, in place of some who had resigned or passed 
away. These conferred with the Rev. Everett S. Stackpole, 
D. D.,who agreed to write the proposed history. In 1912 the 
town voted anew to raise $150 for preliminary expenses, and 
the Hon. Lucien Thompson, who had been gathering material 
for a score of years, became interested as associate author of the 
proposed history. The money requisite for the printing of the 
History was voted by the town at its annual meeting, March 
1913. At the request of Mr. Stackpole the name of Dea. Win- 
throp S. Meserve was added to the title page of the second 
volume, as associate author of the genealogical part. 



BIRTH AND GROWTH OF THE TOWN 

All truths, all facts and all men are related. To know com- 
pletely a part of a system one must know the whole. The history 
of a town is woven into the history of the world. To separate it 
is like tearing off a piece of a garment. Since to know the whole 
is forever impossible, we must content ourselves with partial 
knowledge and with probabilities. To understand well the 
history of Durham one needs to know the first discoveries of the 
region of the Pascataqua, the causes that led to its settlement, 
the antecedents and ancestry of the first settlers, the ends they 
sought, the religious and political state of Great Britain espe- 
cially at that time, as well as the deeds the colonists performed. 
All this cannot be unfolded in a town history. Such matters 
properly belong to a general history of New Hampshire, or of 
Maine. 

We are obliged to plunge into the stream of history somewhere, 
not too far back, and to float down with the current. We care 
mainly for men; their deeds interest us only as they show forth 
the character of the actors or influence the lives of their successors. 
When we know well and interpret rightly our antecedents, we 
may with some degree of safety forecast the future and make 
wise plans therefor. 

The first settlers left but few records. They had little idea of 
the historic importance of their undertaking. They foresaw 
not the many thousands of descendants that would rejoice to 
find scraps of information about their origin in the old countries 
beyond the great sea. Perhaps many came as a temporary ven- 
ture, thinking to return home soon. They stayed either from 
stern necessity or because they learned to love the new country 
and foresaw something of its future prospects. They sought not 
so much religious and political liberty as to better their material 
conditions. The gift of fifty or one hundred acres was a mighty 
inducement to many, who could never hope to acquire a small 
piece of land in any of the old countries. The desire of some 
leaders to found great manorial estates in the new world was 
rudely disregarded by men who had tasted of civil and industrial 
freedom. We laugh now at the folly of trying to wrest away by 



2 HISTORY OF DURHAM 

process of law the farms of the first settlers and restore them to 
the English heirs of Capt. John Mason. Any effort to enforce 
such a claim would have brought on the Revolution earlier than 
it came. The King of England claimed all the land discovered, 
just as William the First claimed and distributed all the lands of 
England at the time of the Conquest. His grantees could not 
hold them. A handful of men got together and formed a town 
without any charter and then they made grants of land to them- 
selves and to others whom they wished to join them. Some 
trifles were given to the Indians to quiet their claims, and so the 
lands were seized, to have and to hold. 

The fisheries, that had for rendezvous the Isles of Shoals for 
many years, first attracted settlers to the mainland. They 
combined fishing with agriculture. The Pascataqua and its 
tributaries were full of salmon and sturgeon, that gave their 
names to waterfalls and creeks. There was abundance of lumber 
for ship-building and commerce. The settlers searched in vain 
for mines of gold and silver, and iron ore was obtained with dif- 
ficulty in small quantities. Wild game filled the forests, and the 
fur trade brought revenues to some. But agriculture, the great- 
est and most necessary industry for man, soon came to be the 
principal occupation, and swarming children pushed in further 
from the shores, to which the first settlers clung cautiously and 
for the only means of communication. Every settler was almost 
of necessity a boatman, fisherman, hunter, carpenter, mechanic 
and farmer. The women could spin, weave, make garments of 
every sort, cook marvelously, and manage a dairy. Necessity 
made the weak strong. 

How much we would like to know the number and names of 
the men and women who came with David Thompson, in 1623, 
from Plymouth, England, to Odiorne's Point and helped him build 
his fish-weir near a point of land a little south of the mouth of the 
Cochecho River, which has ever since borne his name. Who 
besides Thomas Roberts came with Edward and William Hilton 
from London to Hilton's Point in the same year? What were 
the names of the eight Danes and twenty-two women who came 
with Capt. John Mason's colonists from the south of England 
to Strawberry Bank and Newichawannock between 1631 and 
1634? Who were all those that came from Bristol with Capt. 
Thomas Wiggin to Dover Neck in 1633 and gave the name Bristol 



HISTORY OF DURHAM 3 

to the little city they there attempted to found ? These companies 
were the real pioneers of the Pascataqua region. We know the 
names of a few of them; we are well convinced that certain 
others must have been among them. Of Capt. John Mason's 
company Ambrose Gibbons, Francis Matthews, John Ault, and 
John Goddard settled in Oyster River Plantation, while James 
Nute lived on the west side of Back River, within the present 
limits of Dover. Among the companions of Capt. Thomas 
Wiggin were probably Elder Hatevil Nutter, Richard Pinkham, 
Thomas Leighton, Richard York, William Williams, William 
Beard, Thomas Beard, Thomas Stevenson, Samuel Haines, 
John Heard, John Dam, George Webb, Philip Chesley, William 
Pomfret, William Storer, Thomas Canney, Henry Tibbetts, 
George Walton, William Furber, and the Rev. William Leveridge, 
At least all these lived on Dover Neck within a few years of 
Capt. Wiggin's arrival, and they were joined not long after by 
Anthony Emery from Newbury, Joseph Austin from Hampton, 
John Tuttle who came in the Angel Gabriel, Job Clement from 
Haverhill, Ralph Hall, John Hall, Philip Cromwell, "Mr. David 
Ludecas Edling," Capt. John Underbill and the Rev. John 
Reyner. 

It seems to have been the design of Capt. Wiggin to found a 
city or compact town on the hill-top of Dover Neck, giving to 
each settler three and a half or four acres for a home lot, while 
out lots or farms and pieces of marsh were assigned on the shores 
of Little and Great Bays and their tributaries, which they could 
easily reach by boat. Probably this was thought necessary at 
first for mutual defence, as well as to avoid insufferable loneliness. 
After land had been cleared and log houses built and flocks and 
herds began to multiply, it became quite necessary to quit Dover 
Neck and remain permanently on the farms. Thus by the year 
1640 much of the best land along the shores and up to the head 
of salt water in the Shankh^ssick, as the Indians called Oyster 
River, was in the recognized possession of settlers, and clearing 
had well begun. The first comers got the best land. To him that 
had was given. Big grants went to the big men, and some fami- 
lies soon became prominent because their emigrant ancestor was 
fortunate enough to get possession of fertile land easily cultivated, 
while those who settled on poor and rocky soil and stayed there 
remained poor and of little account. 



4 HISTORY OF DURHAM 

There were from the very beginning some order and recognized 
authority. There is no reason to suppose that Capt. Wiggin 
allotted lands, or that he was in any sense a Governor. He was 
the agent of a land company, and Ambrose Gibbons was as 
much a Governor of Maine as Capt. Thomas Wiggin was of 
New Hampshire. The company under the leadership of Capt, 
Wiggin were in effect from the start a democratic republic and 
regulated their own internal affairs much as the Pilgrims did at 
Plymouth. They assumed to be a town and did the chief busi- 
ness of a town at that time by granting lots and purchasing lands 













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Shankhassick, or Oyster River 

of the Indians. William Hilton, in 1641, sold land that had 
been granted to him by the inhabitants of Dover. This was at 
the head of Oyster River. "The inhabitants of Dover alias 
Northam" granted land to the Rev. Thomas Larkham between 
the years 1639 and 1642. Darby Field was in quiet possession 
of Oyster River Point earlier than 1639. Ambrose Gibbons, 
Thomas Stevenson, William Williams and W^illiam Beard, all 
of Oyster River, had lands assigned to them by common consent 
before 1640. On the i8th of the 8th month, 1652, John Ault 
made a deposition as follows: 

The deponent sayth that in the yere 1635, that the land about Lamprile 
River was bought of the Indians & made use of by the men of Dover & myselfe 
both for planting & fishing & feling of Timber. 



HISTORY OF DURHAM 5 

John Ault and Richard York made oath to this statement 
before George Smyth, and to similar effect testified Hatevil 
Nutter and Wilham Furber. See depositions in N. H. Prov- 
ince Papers, Vol. i, p. 204. The original depositions may be 
seen in the archives of Massachusetts, 1 12-14. 

In the above statements "the men of Dover" and "the inhabi- 
tants of Dover" are mentioned collectively as having power to 
purchase lands of the Indians and to grant lands to individuals 
as early as 1635. This was the beginning of town business, though 
it was not till 1648 that they assumed to assess rates and became 
a full-fledged town. 

The Exeter Combination of 1639 was signed by two men of 
Oyster River, namely. Darby Field and Francis Matthews, and 
it is noticeable that these did not sign the Dover Combination of 
the following year. Indeed, none of the settlers at Oyster River 
signed that compact. It has been called Dover's Magna Charta 
rather inappropriately, since it was no concession wrung from a 
reluctant king, but a voluntary agreement of forty-two inhabi- 
tants of Dover Neck, Cochecho and what was afterward Newing- 
ton. It is a formal statement of what had been informally agreed 
to from the beginning of the settlement of Capt. Wiggin and 
company on Dover Neck, in 1633. If "two or more persons 
banded together to do good make a church," as I once heard a 
Canon of the Church of England publicly declare, then two or 
more settlers in a new country banded together for mutual pro- 
tection and self-government make a town, and such a church and 
such a town need no higher authorization. The Combination 
was as follows: 

Whereas sundry mischeifes and inconveniences have befaln us, and more 
and greater may in regard of want of civill Government, his Gratious Ma'tie 
haveing hitherto setled no order for us to our knowledge: 

Wee whose names are underwritten being Inhabitants upon the river Pas- 
cataquack have voluntarily agreed "to combine ourselves into a body politique 
that we may the more comfortably enjoy the benefit of his Ma'ties Lawes 
together with all such Orders as shal bee concluded by a major part of the 
Freemen of our Society in case they bee not repugnant to the Lawes of England 
and administered in the behalf of his Majesty. 

And this wee have mutually promised and concluded to do and so to continue 
till his Excellent Ma'tie shall give other Order concerning us. In Witness 
whereof wee have hereto set our hands the two and twentieth day of October 
in the sixteenth yeare of our Sovereign Lord Charles by the grace of God King 



6 HISTORY OF DURHAM 

of Great Britain France and Ireland Defender of the Faith &c. Annoq Dom. 

1640. 

John Follet Thorn. Larkham 

Robert Nanney Richard Waldern 

William Jones William Waldern 

Phillip Swaddon William Storer 

Richard Pinckhame William Furber 

Bartholomew Hunt Thos. Layton 

William Bowden Tho. Roberts 

John Wastill Bartholomew Smith 

John Heard Samuel Haines 

John Hall John UnderhiU 

Abel Camond Peter Garland 

Henry Beck John Dam 

Robert Huggins Steven Teddar 

Fran: Champernoon John Ugroufe 

Hansed Knowles Thomas Canning 

Edward Colcord John Phillips 

Henry Lahorn Tho: Dunstar 

Edward Starr James Nute 

Anthony Emery Richard Laham 

William Pomfret John Cross 

George Webb James Rawlins 

The original of the above is in the Record Office at London. 
The clerk in copying may have made some mistakes. Edward 
Starr is doubtless Elder Edward Starbuck. Tho: Dunstar is 
probably Thomas Dustin, afterward of Kittery, whose son 
Thomas lived in Haverhill. Thomas Canning is Thomas Canney. 
Henry Lahorn may be Henry Langstaff. Hansed Knowles is 
the Rev. Hansard Knollys. 

Why did no man in Oyster River Plantation sign that Combina- 
tion? Already that section of ancient Dover began to feel itself 
separate from and independent of the rest of the town. It was 
geographically distinct and soon began to clamor for parish and 
township rights. Local convenience made this almost a necessity. 

In the above Combination no name is given to the town. It 
was yet undecided whether it should be called Bristol, Northam 
or Dover. The last name became fixed about the year 1642. 

There is another reason why nobody from Oyster River signed 
the so-called Dover Combination. At this time the inhabitants 
of Exeter were claiming that the northern limit of their town was 
the Oyster River or a mile beyond, by virtue of a deed obtained 
by Parson Wheelwright from an Indian chief. In the first allot- 



HISTORY OF DURHAM 7. 

ment of land in Exeter, December 1639, it was declared that the 
meadows "from Lamprey river to the head of Little Bay should 
be equally apportioned into four parts." This is all the region 
of Durham afterward known as Lubberland. Under date of 
12 November, 1640, it is recorded in Exeter thus: 

It is agreed upon y Mr. William Hilton is to enjoy those two marshes in 
Oyster River w^ formerly he hath possession of & still are in his possession 
and the other marsh w"!" Mr. Gibbies [Ambrose Gibbons] doth wrongfully 
detayne from him with the rest of those marshes w^ formerly he hath made 
use of soe far forth as they may be for the publique good of this plantation, and 
so much of the upland (adjoining) to them as shall be thought convenient by 
the neighbores of Oyster River, w'' are belonging to this body. 

This must refer to William Hilton's eighty-eight acres at the 
head of salt water in Oyster River, where the public school 
building in Durham now stands, and to the two hundred acres 
belonging to Ambrose Gibbons, that formed later the Burnham 
farm, on the south side of the river. The inhabitants of Oyster 
River were wavering between allegiance to the Exeter Combina- 
tion, that two of their number had signed, and to the so-called 
Dover Combination. Commissioners decided that the southern 
limit of Dover extended down to Lamprey River. The boundary 
was long disputed. [See Bell's History of Exeter.] 

In 1652 the Commissioners appointed to determine the bounds 
of Dover reported that 

They have thus agreed that the uttmost bound on the west is a creek on the 
east side of Lamprell river, the next creek to the river, and from the end of that 
creek to lamprell river first fall and so from the first fall on a west and by north 
line six miles, 

from nequittchewannock first fall on a north and by west line fower miles, 

from a creeke next below Thomas Cannes his house to a certaine Cove 

near the mouth of the Great Bay called hogsty cove and all the marsh and 

meadow lying and butting on the great bay with convenient byland to sett 

there hay. Mass. Archives, 112. 53 

John Alt, "aged about seventy-three years," deposed, 2 March 
1677/8, that Robert Smart, senior, of Exeter did own and possess 
all the meadow on the southwest side of John Goddard's Creek 
"and y^ said Smart did possess it twelve years before Dover was 
a township and he did possess it sixteen years together." How 
shall this be interpreted? When did Dover become a township? 
According to this deposition it was not in 1640, the time of the 
Combination, for twelve years before that date would carry us 



8 HISTORY OF DURHAM 

back to 1628, some years before John Ault arrived in Dover, or 
Robert Smart in Exeter. The latter was a resident of Hingham, 
Mass., in September, 1635, and probably came the following year to 
that part of Exeter which is now Newmarket. He needed marsh 
grass for his cattle and so took it where he could find it most con- 
veniently. Twelve years after his arrival, that is, in 1648, the 
first taxes were levied, according to an order of Court at Boston. 
Was the authority of the Town of Dover then first recognized by 
the inhabitants of Oyster River Plantation, among whom was 
John Ault? There are certainly records which speak of the town 
of Dover as early as 1642, but then Oyster River Plantation was 
debatable land. Selectmen were chosen in 1647 and Ambrose 
Gibbons of Oyster River was one of them. 

In 1639 a committee of three persons from Dover appeared at 
the General Court in Boston, proposing that Dover come under 
the jurisdiction of Massachusetts. Their offer was eagerly 
accepted and the terms were all that Dover desired. They were 
to have their own court at Dover like the courts at Salem and 
Ipswich ; they were "exempted from all public charges other than 
those that shall arise among themselves or from any occasion or 
Course that may be taken to promote their own proper good and 
benefit " ; they were to have all the privileges of towns, and church 
membership was not required to make inhabitants freemen, 
though this was the rule in Massachusetts. In fact the General 
Court granted everything for mere supremacy. May 10, 1643, 
the County of Norfolk was formed, with Salisbury as the shire 
town. Sessions of the court were held annually at Dover, and 
the records of the same are now at Concord, N. H. Norfolk 
County ceased to exist 8 September, 1679, when the territory 
lying between Massachusetts and Maine was made a separate 
royal province, in order to try the claims of Capt. John Mason's 
heirs to the improved lands of New Hampshire farmers. The 
claims seem to us ridiculous but were founded upon laws made for 
the benefit of the privileged class. The courts allowed the 
claims, but the attempt to collect rents was unsuccessful. Some 
Oyster River settlers were by legal process dispossessed of their 
estates, but practically they continued to possess them and to 
transmit them to their heirs. 

Whatever records once existed of town proceedings in Dover 
until 1648 have been lost, except a few unimportant leaves. In 



HISTORY OF DURHAM 



1647 William Pomfret was chosen recorder, or as we now say 
town clerk, and thereafter the records are of great historical 
importance. "Dicesimo Septimo die lomo, 1647, it was ordered 
concluded and agreed upon that the inhabitants of Dover should 
condescend unto a form of levying rates and assessments for 
raising of public charges according to an order of court made and 
held at Boston." Funds for the ministry and other public ex- 
penses must have been raised before that time by voluntary con- 
tributions. We have the first rate list, which has been repeatedly 
published. We here copy only the names of those who lived in 
Oyster River Plantation. 



The Towne Rate Made the 19th loth mo [16] 48. 



George Webb, Rated 

and to pay 4d p£ is 
John Goddard, Rated 

and to pay 4d p£ is 
Richard Yorke, Rated 

and to pay 4d p£ is 
Ambrose Gibbons, Rated 

and to pay 4d p£ is 
Willm Beard, Rated 

and to pay 4d p£ is 
Tho: Stephenson, Rated 

and to pay 4d p£ is 
William Drue, Rated 

and to pay 4d p£ is 
Matthew Gyles, Rated 

and to pay 4d p£ is 
Mrs Matthews Rated 

and to pay 4d p£ is 
Jonas Binns, Rated 

and to pay 4d p£ is 
Charles Adams, Rated 

and to pay 4d p£ is 
John Bickford, Rated 

and to pay 4d p£ is 
Philip Chasely, Rated 

and to pay 4d p£ is 
Tho: Willey, Rated 

and to pay 4d p£ is 
John Allt, Rated 

and to pay 4d p£ is 
Darby ffeild. Rated 

and to pay 4d p£ is 



£ s. d. 
0046:00:00 

0129:10:00 

0072 :o8 :oo 

0086:00:00 

0076:10:00 

0050:00:00 

0070:00:00 

0194:10:00 

0139:10:00 

0042:00:00 

003 1 :oo :oo 

0115:10:00 

0078:10:00 

0071 :io:oo 

0069 :oo :oo 

0081 :oo:oo 



£ 5. d. 
0000:12:08 
0002 :02 :02 
0001:04:00 
0001 :o8 :oo 
0001:05:06 
0000:16:04 
0001 :03 :04 
0003 :03 :o2 
0002 :03 :02 
0000:14:04 
0000:10:04 
0001:18:06 
0001 :o6:o6 
0001:03:06 
0001 :03 :oo 
0001 :o7:oo 



lO 



HISTORY OF DURHAM 



Oliuer Kent, Rated 

and to pay 4d p£ is 
Tho: Johnson, Rated 

and to pay 4d p£ is 
Geo:Branson, Rated 

and to pay 4d p£ is 
Willm Roberts, Rated 

and to pay 4d p£ is 
Tho: ffootman. Rated 

and to pay 4d p£ is 
John Martin, Rated 

and to pay 4d p£ is 



£ s. d. 
0070:10:00 

0040:00:00 

0030 :oo :oo 

0046:10:00 

0060:00:00 

0041:10:00 



£ s. d. 
0000:011 :4 
0000:13:04 
0000:10:00 
0000:15:02 
0001:00:00 
0000:13:10 



This Rate within specified Is to bee paid in such commodities, time and 
place, as foUoweth, viz'. One fourth part in Corne, to bee pd and brought in 
at the rates as followes viz'. Indian Corne at 4s p bushell, wheat and pease 
at 5s p bushell, and to bee paid by the lo"> day of the next mo at the house of 
W" Pomfrett and the rest of the rate to bee pd in by the io"> day of March 
next ensueing at the saw pitt below Tho. Cannys, for one place of receipt, for 
part of the said rate, and the other to bee paid in at the back Cove, to the 
Constable or his Assignes. All pipe staues are to bee delivded in at the rate 
of 3:10:0, and hh staues at 02:05:0. And for default of paym' in either or 
eny of the said paym" in p' or in all contrary to the forme aforesaid Wee doe 
hereby authorize and giue vnto the Constable full pow to arrest and attach 
the goods of such pson or psons as shall make denyall. Witnes o' hands, this 
I9»i' day of 10"' mo 1648. 

Ambrose Gibbons 
Hatevill Nutter 
William Pomfrett 
Antho Emerey 
Tho: Layton. 

This list shows that twenty-three out of fifty-three inhabitants 
of Dover hved at Oyster River. The next year two new names 
appear at Oyster River, John Hill and William Follett, and in 
1650 we first find the names of Rise Howell and Mr. Valentine 
Hill. 

The following first appear in the rate list of 1657, Ed Patterson, 
John Meader, Patrick the Scot [Patrick Jameson], Robert Burn- 
ham, William Williams, James Bunker, Robert Junkins, Mathew 
Williams, Richard Bray, John Davis, John Woodman, Joseph 
Field, William Pitman, and John Hance. 

In the rate list of 1659 appear the following new names, Thomas 
Humphrey, William Graves, James Jackson, Walter Jackson, 
Henry Browne, Thomas Doughty, James Oer, James Middleton, 



HISTORY OF DURHAM II 

Edwin Arwin, John Barber, Benjamin Matthews, Benjamin 
Hull, John Diuill, William Jones, and Steven ye Westingman 
(?) which may mean either Stephen Jones or Stephen Robinson, 
both of whom appeared about that time. 

In i66i we first find Hugh Dunn, Alexander McDaniel, Henry 
Hollwell or Halloway, Teague Riall or Royall, Joseph Smith, and 
Davey Daniel. 

In 1662 the list shows the new names of Philip Cromwell or 
Crommett, William Perkinson or Perkins, James Smith and 
John Smith. 

In 1663 appear Thomas Morris and Patrick Denmark. W^il- 
liam Durgin was first taxed in 1664. 

In 1666 we find Nicholas Harris, Robert Watson, Joseph 
Stimson or Stevenson, Salathiel Denbo, Arthur Bennet, Thomas 
Edgerly, Abraham Collens, Zachariah Field, Michael Simmons, 
James Huckins, Edward Leathers and Thomas Chesley. 

In 1681 appear as new names, Samuel Burnham, Dennis 
Bryant, Jerimie Crommet, Abraham Clarke, John Davis, junior, 
Nicholas Doe, James Derry, John Derry, Nicholas Follett, 
George Goe, Joseph Hill, Samuel Hill, Charles Landeau, Joseph 
Kent, Nathaniel Lumocks [Lamos], John Meader, junior, John 
Mickmord [Muchmore?] John Pinder, John Rand, John Simons, 
Robert Smart, junior, Edward Small, Bartholomew Stevenson, 
William Tasket or Tasker, James Thomas, John Tompson, 
William Williams, junior, John Willie, Stephen Willie, and John 
Yorke.- 

In 1682 we notice David Davis, Nicholas Dunn, Nathaniel 
Hill, William Hill, William Hucklie, William Jonson, Ezekiel 
Pitman, Francis Pitman, Roger Rose, Joseph Stevenson. 

This is not the place to enter into details concerning the troubles 
of New Hampshire with Massachusetts, with the heirs of Capt. 
John Mason, and with the Cranfield administration. The 
following brief citation froril an article in the Granite Monthly 
of February 1902, written by the Hon. Frank B. Sanborn of 
Concord, Mass., sufficiently sets forth the part Oyster River had 
in those affairs. Robert Burnham, who was born at Norwich, 
England, in 1624 and married in Boston in 1646 or earlier "was 
in 1664 a petitioner to King Charles for a separation from Massa- 
chusetts and appears to have been then a Church of England 
man; but in 1684 he refused to pay Mason his quit-rents and was 



12 HISTORY OF DURHAM 

nominally ejected by Mason from his farm in Durham. More- 
over, at the time of Monmouth's rebeUion and after the death of 
Charles II it was testified by PhiHp Chesley of Dover, April 26, 
1685, 'that he heard Robert Burnham of Oyster River say there 
was no speaking treason at present against the king, for there was 
no king, and that the Duke of Monmouth was proclaimed and 
crowned in Scotland and gone for Ireland, and that the Duke of 
York was not yet crowned, and it was a question whether he ever 
would be.' In 1665 Burnham had joined with Champernoon 
and John Pickering of Portsmouth, and Edward Hilton and John 
Folsom of Exeter in petitioning that King Charles 'would take 
them under his immediate protection and that they might be 
governed by the known laws of England,' and one reason for 
this request was 'that they might enjoy both the sacraments, 
which they have been so long deprived of.' In 1684 he joined 
with the Waldrons, Wiggins, Sanborns, etc., in petitioning against 
the exactions of Cranfield and Mason, and among his fellow- 
petitioners was Joseph Stevenson of Oyster River, who said, not 
long after, 'I owe the governor nothing, and nothing will I pay 
him; I never knew him, nor had any dealings with him. 

Exasperated by the arbitrary methods of Cranfield the people 
of Exeter, Hampton, Portsmouth and Dover decided to make 
complaint to the king, and Nathaniel Weare of Hampton was 
appointed their agent and sent to England in 1685. In the 
petition that he carried from Dover are found the following 
Oyster River names, John Meader, Philip Chesley, Joseph Steven- 
son, Thomas Chesley, Stephen Jones, Edward Small, Nathaniel 
Lamos, James Huckins, Zacharias Field, Robert Burnham, 
Samuel Burnham, Jeremiah Burnham, Samuel Hill, Peter Mason, 
John Woodman, senior, John Woodman, junior, Jonathan Wood- 
man, John Davis, senior, John Davis, junior, Joseph Field, John 
Bickford, Thomas Edgerly, John Hill, Charles Adams, Charles 
Adams junior, William Parkinson [Perkins], Joseph Hill and 
Nathaniel Hill. [See N. H. Province Papers, Vol. I, p. 561.] 

It is worthy of note that during Cranfield's administration 
the Rev. Joshua Moody was tried at the Quarter Sessions before 
Capt. Walter Barefoot, Nathaniel Fryer, Henry Green, Peter 
Cofhn, Henry Robie and Thomas Edgerly, the last being a well 
known name of Oyster River. The justices debated a little; 
four of them entered their dissent, viz., Messrs Fryer, Green, 



HISTORY OF DURHAM I3 

Robie and Edgerly; but Barefoot and Coffin were for Mr. 
Moody's condemnation. In the morning, after outside influ- 
ences had been used, Green and Robie consented to his condem- 
nation. Justice Edgerly was cashiered and bound over to the 
Quarterly Sessions. By the governor's order he was discharged 
from being Justice of the Peace and from being in any other 
public employment. In the records of the Quarter Sessions 
the Clerk of the Court gave the substance of the debate as follows: 
"Justice Edgerly — that since his Majesty has been pleased to 
grant liberty of conscience to all Protestants here, the said Moody 
is not liable to the penalty of the statutes for refusing to admin- 
ister the sacraments according to the form thereof." 

A petition dated 20 February, 1689/90, was addressed to the 
Massachusetts authorities by the inhabitants and train soldiers 
of New Hampshire, requesting that they might be taken under 
the government and protection of Massachusetts Among the 
petitioners are the following names of men then residing at 
Oyster River. Those followed by a cross thus X made their 
mark Philip Duday X, James Thomas X William Perkins X, 
Steven Robeson, Francis Pitman, Robert Burnam, Jeremiah 
Burnum, John Buss, Joseph Meder X, John Meder junior, 
Stephen Willey X Joseph Davis Moses Davis, Thomas Bick- 
ford, Charles Adams, C. A. his mark, Benjamin Mathews X, 
John Bunker X, Joseph Kent, Salathiel Denbow X, William 
Durgin by order, John Bickford, John Davis, James Smith, 
Nathaniel Hill, John Woodman, Thomas Edgerly, Zacharias 
Field, Thomas Chesley, Philip Chesle, Robert Watson, Stephen 
Jones, Thomas Arsh X [Ash], Edward Lethers X, Philip Ches- 
ley X, John Pitman, James Derry X, John Davis junior, Samuel 
Burnum, Thomas Davis X, and William Pitman.— [N. H. Prov- 
ince Papers, Vol. II, pp. 34-39.] 

The fruitless petition of Oyster River in 1669 to the General 
Court of Massachusetts may be seen in the chapter on Church 
History. Another petition was made to the General Court of 
New Hampshire in 1695, asking that Oyster River be made a 
township. 

To the Hont"« John Usher Esq'., Leut. Governor, Comand' in Chief of his 
Majes'" Province of New Hampshire and to the Honti* Councill, 

Wee the Subscribers, Inhabitants of Oyster River, Humbly Petition 
and Pray 



14 



HISTORY OF DURHAM 



That whereas his most Sacred Majesty King William has been pleased 
through his grace and favor to grant unto yo' Hon" by his Royall Comission 
with y Councill full powers and authorities to Erect and Establish Townes 
within this his Majesties Province, and whereas wee yo' petitioners have by 
divine providence Settled and inhabited that Part of his Majes'» Province 
Commonly called Oyster Riuer, and have found that by the Scituation of 
the place as to distance from Douer or Exeter, but more especially Douer, 
wee being forced to wander through the Woods to y place to meet to and 
for y Management of our affaires are much Disadvantaged for y« Present 
in our Business and Estates, and hindered of adding a Town & People for 
the Hon' of his Majesty in the Inlargement and Increase of his Province, 
Wee humbly supplicate that yo' Hon" would take it to yo' Consideration 
and Grant that wee may have a Township Confirmed by yo' honours, w^ 
wee humbly offer the bounds thereof may extend as followeth, to begin at the 
head of Rialls his Cove and so to run upon a North west line Seven Miles, 
and from thence with Douer line Paralell until wee meet with Exeter line 
that yo' Hon" would be pleased to grant this Petition, which will not only 
be a great benefit Both to the settlement of our minestrey, the population of 
the place, the ease of the Subject, and the Strengthening and Advantaging 
this his Majis" Province, but for an engagement for yo' Petitioners ever to 
pray for the Safety and Increase of yo' Hon" and prosperity. 



John Woodman 
Stephen Jones 

Davis X 

Samson Doe 
James Bunker Sen X 
Jeremiah Cromet 
James durgin X 
William willyoums 
Elias Critchett 
Nathaniell Meder 
John Cromell 
Jeremiah Burnum 
John Smith 
Thomas Bickford 
John Pinder 
francis mathes 
Henry Nock 
John Willey 
Thomas Edgerly 
Edward Leathers X 
Henry marsh 
Joseph Meder 
Edward Wakeham 
Philip Chastlie Sin 
Thomas Chastlie Jun 
George Chastlie 



William Jackson 

Joseph Bunker 

John Smith 

Joseph Jones 

John Doe 

John Williams 

Thomas Williams 

William durgin X 

Henry Vines (?) 

Philup Cromel X 

John Meder Jr. 

William tascet X [Tasker] 

James dere [Derry] 

philip duly X 

Ele meret [Eli Demeritt] 

Joseph Jengens 

Jems Bonker X 

James Thomas 

Pitman 

John Edgerly 
William durgin X 
Joseph Smith 
Thomas Wille 
Thomas Chastlie 
francis Pitman 



HISTORY OF DURHAM 1 5 

This petition as printed in the Memoranda of Ancient Dover 
has been compared with the same as found in N. H. Town 
Papers, Vol. IX, p. 234, and appears to be more correct, espe- 
cially as to names of inhabitants. 

Nothing resulted from this petition, and the thought of 
making Oyster River a separate township passed out of mind 
for more than a generation. The rights of an independent parish, 
secured in 1716^, satisfied the inhabitants for a time, and the 
dispute between the people at the Point and those at the Falls 
and the western part of the parish concerning the location of 
the meeting house engaged attention for a long time. In 1729 
a dispute arose about the division line between Oyster River 
Parish and the rest of Dover, and a committee was appointed by 
the General Assembly to run the line. Parties living near the 
border desired to be included in the Oyster River precinct, 
where they had considered themselves as belonging and where 
it was more convenient for them to attend church. The follow- 
ing petition of "sundry aggrieved inhabitants of Oyster River" 
best explains the situation 

To the Honorable John Wintworth Esq' Lieu' Governor and Commander 
in Chief in and over his Maj««» Province of New Hampshire in New England 
and to the Honorable his Majs"=« Council and Representatives for said 
province. 

The Humble Petition of Sundry aggrieved Inhabitants of the parish of 
Oyster River most humbly Sheweth Whereas we the Subscribers in Habitance 
of said parish Have allways been Constant hearers and Paid our Rats to the 
Minist,er of said Parish as by the Rait List of assessment Will make appear 
and Likewise Sundry of us have Been at a Consederabel Charge in Bulding 
a Meating House in said parish it being Nier and more Convenent for us 
to attend upon the Publick Worship of God at Oyster River Meeting House 
then at Cochecho Meeting House which is a great way further for us to go tho 
Never the Less as we understand we are in Danger of Being Excluded from 
our said Priviledges by such an Unequal Line of Boundary between the 
parish of Oyster River and Cochecho which if being so stated will be greatly 
to the Damage of yo' Petitioners. - 

We do therefore Humbly Crave Liberty of the more Mature and Superior 
Judgment of your honours in the General Assembly praying yo' honours to 
take it in Consideration that there may be a more Equal Line of Bound'ry Set 
so that yo' aggrieved petitioners may not be under such Grat hardships, and 
yc petitioners shall ever pray, 

Joseph Jones in behalf of the rest whose 
names are to be given in. 

ISee chapter entitled Sketch of Church History. 



1 6 HISTORY OF DURHAM 

Joseph Daniel Zachrah Edgerly 

William Brown William Glines 

James Jackson Samuel Davis 

Thomas Lethers Joseph Hiks 

John Tasker James Busell 

Samuel Chasley Morres Fouller 

Joshua Chasley John Busell 

Joseph Parkins Eli Demerett 

Thomas Bickford William Demerett 

Ralph Horll [Hall] John Demerett 

Samuel Parkins John Huckins 

Joseph Jones Jun' Job Demerett 

Benj Jones Derry Pitman 

John Jones Thomas Willey Jun 

John Rand Joseph Daniel the third 

John Remiss [Remick?] Noel Crose 

Timothy Moses John Daniel 

Thomas . Benjamin Evens 

Samuel Chesle Harvey Buswell 

John Allan William Buswell 
Dec. 10, 1729. 

As a result of this petition a hearing was granted, and the 
matter was put off until the spring session. Mr. Jones petitioned 
a second and a third time, and still no action was taken. Sep- 
tember 18, 1 73 1, the Rev. Hugh Adams asked for a hearing 
with reference to the division line of the parishes, and a hearing 
was ordered for 23 September, but no record of the result is to 
be found. September 24, 1731, Stephen Jones, Hubbard Stevens 
and John Woodman petitioned for a hearing on the same matter, 
representing that they were a committee authorized by the 
Oyster River Parish and that the previous hearing had not been 
held as ordered. In response to this petition a hearing was 
ordered for 6 May, 1732, which by adjournment was held 9 
May, 1732. As a result a bill was drawn up and in a few days 
passed, incorporating Durham as a Township. The Journal of 
the House calls it the Parish of Durham. The records of the 
Council call it a Township. The Charter calls it a Township. 
The name Durham was suggested by the Rev. Hugh Adams, 
as claimed by him in an address to the General Assembly in 
1738. See N. H. Province Papers, Vol. V, p. 35. See also Miss 
Mary P. Thompson's Landmarks in Ancient Dover, p. 67. 

The Charter as given below is copied from the Town Record 
Book, the first thing recorded in the book that contains the 



HISTORY OF DURHAM 1 7 

records from the year 1820 to the year 1841. It has been com- 
pared with a copy made from the original in 1828. The original 
act was found among the papers of Secretary Richard Waldron 
in the hands of Richard Russell Waldron of Portsmouth, Feb- 
ruary, 1827. It does not bear the Province Seal: 

Anno Regni Regis Georgii Secundi Quinto. 

An act for making that part of Dover formerly called Oyster River into a 
township by the name of Durham. 

Be it enacted by his Excellcy the Governor, Councill and Representatives 
conven'd in General Assembly and by the authority of the same, That all 
those lands lying on the southerly side of a west north west halfe a point 
north line from Johnsons Creek at the bridge (in the county rhoad) to the 
head line of Dover township, and from the said bridge southeast and by east 
down to a pine tree on a point or neck of land called Cedar Point on the west 
side of the mouth of the Back River in Dover be erected and made into a 
distinct and separate town by the name of Durham by the bounds aforesaid : 
all the lands lying within the township of Dover on the southerly side of the 
lines aforesaid from Johnsons Bridge: And that the inhabitants of Durham 
have, use, exercise and enjoy all such powers and privileges which other 
towns have, and do by law use, exercise and enjoy so that theykeep &maintaine 
a learned orthodox minister of good conversation among them: and make 
provision for an hon^ie support and maintenance for him and that in order 
thereto they be discharged from payment to any other minister: and that all 
the common land within said town of Durham to be the present inhabitants 
as the maj' part thereof shall grant and that (if there be occasion to call a 
town meeting for making choice of any town ofhcers for the present yeare) 
that Capt. Francis Mathes is hereby impowered and directed to notifie and 
summon the inhabitants duely quallified for voters to assemble & meet to- 
gether for the choosing such ofificers or making such rates as are needfull for 
the present yeare untill theire annuall meeting. 

And be it further enacted, That the said town of Durham have power to 
send a Representative to the Gen" Assembly from time to time. 

In the House of Represent May 13th 1732. 

Read three tims in the House of Representatives and passed to be enacted. 

Andrew Wiggin, Speaker 
In Couno eod die Read and Concurr'd. 

R. Waldron, Secry 
May 15, 1732. I assent to the enacting this bill. 

J. Belcher. 

The first town meeting was called by Capt. Francis Mathes 
and held 26 June 1732. It was voted to divide the common 
and undivided lands among the present inhabitants, and a 
committee for that purpose was appointed 28 January 1733/4. 
The warrant of 6 March, 1733/4, under the hands of the select- 

2 



l8 HISTORY OF DURHAM 

men, called a meeting of the freeholders' and inhabitants, who 
were so in 1732, to assemble at the meeting house, where the 
Sullivan monument now is, on Monday, 18 March 1733/4, 
to pass votes relating to the division of the common lands. 
It appears that the previous committee did not act. The meet- 
ing chose Jonathan Thompson as Moderator and the following 
committee to make the division, viz., Job Runals, Joseph Jones, 
Jr., Stephen Jones, Ichabod Chesle, Thomas Stevenson, Samuel 
Smith, Elezar Bickford, Daniel Davis, Francis Mathes, Joseph 
Thomas, John Smith, Jr., John Williams, Jon=* Tomson, John 
Burnum and John Woodman. 













X » 








ji/dAMMi ^ 




iw^ ^ 1 






i 






■j^^^^^H 


wKK^S^^^^^Si^^^k 








^^H 




nn 




sn 



Durham Village as Seen From Broth Hill 
" Distance lends enchantment to the view." 

Samuel Smith was chosen Proprietors' Clerk, and 19 Decem- 
ber 1734, it was voted "that not any person that was not an 
inhabitant in town when the charter was given and granted 
should have any part or share of the common or undivided 
lands in said town." 

On 20 December, 1734, the committee "voted that no person 
under the age of twenty one years of age when the charter was 
given & granted should have any part or share of the common 
& undivided lands in said town." 

At a subsequent meeting it was decided that twenty-five 
acres should constitute a whole share, and that whoever had 



HISTORY OF DURHAM 



19: 



farmed or improved any of the common lands since 1701 and 
before the charter was given should have the privilege of laying-it 
out "when it comes their turns by the numbers that they draw," 
and if they refused then the others could lay out the same. 
The Rev. Hugh Adams, in a petition to the Governor, Council 
and Assembly, in 1738, states that "the inhabitants of said 
town proceeded by their chosen committee at their most general 
meeting to divide their commons, voting the minister aforesaid 
should, as he did, draw lots for them all." The division was 
made in the meeting house, the land divided being largely 
located near Little River, in that part of Durham which is now 
Lee. Later it was voted by the town that "each whole Share 
man pay y'' Comite eight shillings & each lesser Share man 
according to their proportion & to pay when their lots are drawn." 
The division was made 18 March, 1733/4, and the following is 
a list of those who received lands: 



i6§ 

25 



Acres 

125 Joseph Atkinson 
Sam' Adams 
Hugh Adams 

3I Joseph Baker 
25 Joseph Bickford 
25 Benjn Bickford 
25 John Bickford 
25 Elizer Bickford 
i6| Walter Briant 
25 John Burnum 
25 James Burnum 
25 Robert Burnum 

3I Charles Bamford 
25 Joseph Bunker 
25 James Bunker 
25 Abraham Bennick 
I2§ John Buss 



i6f 
25 

25 
25 
25 
25 
25 
25 
25 
25 
25 



John Buss Jr. 
Jonathan Chesle 
Ruben Chesley 
Joseph Chesle 
Ichabod Chesle 
Philip Chesle 
Joshua Chesle 
Lemuel Chesle 
Eli Clark 
Joshua Cromet 
John Cromat 



Acres 

25 W" Clay 

25 Elias Critchet 
8| James Conner 

25 Joseph Davis 
Ephraim Davis 
Joshua Davis 
John Davis 
Benjamin Davis 
Jeremiah Davis 
Samuel Davis 
James Davis Jr. 
Daniel Davis 
Solomon Davis 
James Davis 
Jabez Davis 
Ebenezer Davis 
John Drew 
Joseph Drew 
Wm Drew 
Thomas Drew 

i6§ Joseph Durgin 

25 Francis Durgin 
John Durgin 
James Durgin Jr. 
James Durgin 
William Durgin 

i6f Wm Durgin Jr. 

i6f Jonathan Durgin 



25 
25 
25 
25 

I2| 
I2| 

25 
25 

i6f 

25 

i6§ 

i6f 

25 

25 

25 

25 



25 
16 

25 
25 



20 



HISTORY OF DURHAM 



Acres 

I2| Benjamin Diirgin 

i6f John Doo Jr. [Doe] 

25 John Doo 

i6| Joseph Doo 

25 John Daniels 

25 Joseph Duda 

25 Joseph Daniels Jr. 

12 Peter Dennio [Denbo, now 

Dinsmore] 
25 Richd Dinbo 
I2§ Benjamin Daniel 

6j Joseph Daniels 
25 Samuel Emerson 
25 Timothy Emerson 
25 John Edgerly 
25 John Edgerly Jr. 
25 Joseph Edgerly 
25 Joseph Edgerly Jr. 
25 John Footman, deceased 
25 John Footman 
25 Joseph Footman 
25 Thomas Footman 

3I Samuel Folloy 
25 Ichabod Follet 
l6f John Foolet 
25 John Gray 

6i Joseph Gilman 

I Nathaniel Gookin 
25 Henry Hill 
25 Valentine Hill 
25 Nathaniel Hill 
25 William Hill 
12I John Hall's Estate 
125 James Hall 

6i James Heald 
25 Robert Huckins 
25 Joseph Jones 
25 Stephen Jones 
25 Stephen Jones Jr. 
25 Eben'r Jones 
25 John Jenkins 
25 W"" Jenkins 
25 Stephen Jenkins 
125 Samuel Jackson 
25 W" Jackson 

6j Moses Kenning 

6| John Kelly 



Acres 

25 Robert Kent 

12 Joseph Kent 

25 John Kent 

12I Naptheli Kinket [Kincaid] 

I Christopher Korest (?) 
125 Ezekiel Leathers 
l6| Edward Leathers 
12I Abednego Leathers 
25 William Leathers 

3I James Leary 
i6f Thomas Langley 
165 James Langley 

8| John Mason 
i6f Isaac Mason 
25 Peter Mason 

6| Wm Mills 
25 Peter Mondro 
l6f John Muncy 

3| Robert Mack Daniel 

I Randel Mack Donel 
25 Samuel Meder 
25 Joseph Meder 
25 John Meder 
25 Nathaniel Meder 
25 Daniel Meder 
25 Nicholas Meder 
25 Francis Mathes 
25 Francis Mathes 

6j John Moore 
25 Hezekiah Mash 
25 John Pinder 
25 Benj" Pinder 
25 Samuel Perkins 
25 John Pitman 

61 Abel Peve 

8§ Mathew Perey 
25 Solomon Pinkham 
25 W" Rains 
25 John Rawlings 
25 John Ranals 
25 Job Ranals 
i6f Jo- Randel 
i6| Wm Randell 

6| Richard Rooks 

85 John Scias Jr. 
i6f Samuel Sias 
165 Solomon Sias 



HISTORY OF DURHAM 



21 



Acres 


Acres 




I Benjamin Stevens 


25 Joseph Thomas 




i6f James Stevens 


i6f Joseph Wormwood 




25 Hubord Stevens 


i6f Jacob Wormwood 




8| Ebenezer Spencer 


25 W^m Wormwood 




8^ Wm Shepperd 


25 Jonathan Woodman 




125 Clement Sias 


25 Jonathan Woodman Jr. 




25 John Sias 


25 Joshua Woodman 




25 John Smith 


l6f Edward Woodman 




25 John Smith Jr. 


i6f Arclas Woodman 




25 John Smith ye 3d 


25 John Woodman 




25 Samuel Smith 


8| John Welsh 




25 Samuel Smith Jr. 


5 Joseph Wheler 




25 Samuel Smith ye 3d 


25 John Wille 




25 James Smith 


25 John Wille Jr. 




25 Archabel Smith 


I2§ John Wille y 3d 




25 Benjamin Smith 


i6| Wm Wille 




6| Joseph Smart 


i6| Stephen Wille 




I2§ Joseph Simons 


15 Ye Estate Wm W^akham 


dec* 


25 Joseph Stevenson 


25 Samuel Williams 




25 Thomas Stevenson 


25 John Williams 




25 Abraham Stevenson 


25 John Williams Jr. 




25 John Tomson's Estate 


25 John York 




25 John Tompson 


6i Richard [York?] 




25 Jonathan Thompson 






Additional Grants, March 2t„ 1737. 






Acres 


Acres 




25 Thomas Leathers 


25 Lemuel Chesley 




85 Joseph Glidden 


12I John Laskey 




6j Salathiel Denbo 


George Chesley 





The business of the Proprietors was not closed up for many 
years. In 1765 Jonathan Woodman and Hubbard Stevens, 
Proprietors' Committee, called a meeting, as some grants con- 
flicted with each other. John Thompson, Jeremiah Burnham, 
Jr., and Moses Emerson were impowered to sell the balance 
of land and examine the doings of the former committee. A 
committee consisting of John Woodman, Capt. Joseph Sias, and 
Capt. Benjamin Smith were chosen to examine the papers brought 
from the former clerk's office and determine what of said papers 
is proper to be recorded. Ebenezer Thompson was elected 
clerk 31 March 1766, which position he filled until 28 March 

1774- 

When the parish of Lee was established in 1765, the town of 



22 HISTORY OF DURHAM 

Durham thus voted to protect the interests of the proprietors, 
"That the said parish shall not in any Respect Interfere with 
any Lands belonging to the proprietors in said town." See 
N. H. Town Papers, Vol. XI, pp. 584-85. 

In 1772 John Woodman, "survivor of the Proprietors' Com- 
mittee," called a meeting, and Major Stephen Jones was chosen 
moderator and Nathaniel Norton Clerk pro tern. Action was 
taken to eject William Caldwell from land. The records show 
lawsuits. The end is not recorded. 

The aim of this chapter is to state merely the most important 
steps in the municipal history of Durham. We pass on, there- 
fore, to the division of the town and the incorporation of Lee. 
It is thus stated on high authority, "January 16, 1766, the town 
was divided and the westerly part incorporated as a Parish by 
the name of Lee, with full town privileges." It is questionable 
whether Lee had at first full town privileges, for the Journals 
of the House of Representatives do not show that Lee was 
impowered to send a representative to the General Assembly 
while New Hampshire was a royal province. Lee sent as dele- 
gates to the first Provincial Congress at Exeter Joseph Sias 
and Ebenezer Jones; to the second Congress, Joseph Sias and 
John Layn; to the third, Joseph Sias and Smith Emerson, and 
also to the fourth; to the fifth, Capt. Hercules Mooney. This 
Congress met 21 December 1775 and was organized as a House 
of Representatives in January 1776. 

Moreover, the town records of Durham show that in the spring 
meeting after the incorporation of Lee the town elected three 
selectmen for Durham and also Nicholas Duda and Robert 
Thompson for Lee, and in 1767 the town meeting of Durham 
elected Miles Randall and Nicholas Duda as selectmen of Lee. 
Also on the 28th of March 1774, when trouble was brewing with 
Great Britian, the town of Durham elected Joseph Sias, Esq., and 
Capt. Hercules Mooney on an important town committee, "to 
prepare instructions to be given their Representatives and 
report to the adjournment of the meeting." 

A town meeting was held at the Falls meeting house in Dur- 
ham, 3 September 1764. A committee consisting of Lieut. 
Joseph Sias, Miles Randall and Nicholas Duda on the part 
of those desiring incorporation, and Capt. Stephen Jones, Thomas 
Chesley and Capt. Benjamin Smith on the part of Durham, was 
appointed to run a line from Paul Chesley 's house near the Mad- 



HISTORY OF DURHAM 23 

bury line to the house of John Smart on the Newmarket Hne, ac- 
cording to the request of sundry persons of the town. The 
meeting was adjourned to the 24th instant, when the committee 
made their report and unanimously recommended, 

That a Strait Line, Beginning one hundred and Twenty four Rods above 
the Dwelling house of paul Chelsey, on Madbury Line, and So to Run a 
Strait point across to Newmarket Line, to one mile and a half above the 
Dwelling house of John Smart, may be a Suitable Line. 

N. B. It is the intent of the above Resolve, that the Line Fixed upon run 
from the house of paul Chesley, North 6 degrees East to Madbury Line & 
then to Measure up 124 rods, by said Madbury Line. 

The town meeting was adjourned to 8 October next, when Capt. 
Benjamin Smith and Lieut. Joseph Sias were appointed a com- 
mittee to "draw a Vote in writing for the western part of the town 
to Be Sat of as a parish and Bring it to the Town, at Some pub- 
lick town meeting." This committee brought in their report to a 
town meeting held 18 November 1765, in writing, as follows: 

That the west End of Said Town of Durham be voted to be Sat of as a 
parish, Agreeably to the Result or a Report of a Committee, (Chosen and 
appointed for that purpose) and Brought into publick Town meeting the 24th 
day of Sept. 1764 — with this addition, thereto, that the Said parish, when an 
act may be Obtained for that purpose. Shall take their proportionable Part of 
the poor now Supported by the whole town, and Likewise That the Said 
parish Shall hot in any Respect Interfere with any Lands belonging to the 
proprietors in Said Town. — Voted that the above vote, Brought by Capt. 
Smit h and Sias, is agreeable to the Sense of the Town and that it be Recorded 
accordingly." See N. H. Town Papers XL 584-5, or Town Records of 
Durham. 

The following petition is of value especially for the genealogist, 

since it shows who were living in Lee in 1765 : 

To his Excellency Benning Wentworth Esqr Governor and Commander in 
Chief in and over his Majesty's Province of New Hampshire, to the Honourable 
his Majesty's Counsel and the House of Representatives in General Assembly 
Convened, The Petition of Sundry of the Inhabitants of Durham most humbly 
Sheweth that in said Town of Durham there are Inhabitants Sufficient for two 
Parishes and to maintain and support the Charge thereof That many of the 
Inhabitants live more than Eight miles from the Place of Publick Worship 
and where all Town meetings and the Publick of Affairs are holden and Tran- 
sacted which Renders it very Difficult for them to Attend there at any time but 
more Expecially in the winter Season that the consequence thereof it is 
Probable will be that many of the Youth in said Town will be brought up in 
great Ignorance unless the Difficulties be removed and the Petitioners are 
in a great measure prevented the use of their Privilidges in their present 
Situation — 

Wherefore your Petitioners most humbly pray your Excellency and Honours, 



24 



HISTORY OF DURHAM 



that there may be two Parishes in said Town and that the Dividing Line be- 
tween the two Parishes Beginning at Paul Chesles house at Beech Hill so 
(Called) then North Six Degrees East to the line Between said Durham and 
Madbury then running westerly on said line one hundred and twenty four 
Rods then Beginning and Running from thence to New Market line to one 
mile and half above the Dwelling House of John Smart, which line was agreed 
upon by a Committee Chosen by the said Town of Durham in the year one 
thousand Seven hundred and Sixty four and Voted in Publick Town meeting, 
and so to Include the whole of said Durham above this line. We therefore 
humbly pray your Excellency and your Honours to take our Case into your 
wise Considerations and Set said Parish off by said line with the powers and 
privileges of other Towns or Parishes in this Province and your Petitioners as 
in Duty bound shall ever pray. 

Dated at Durham November i8th 1765. 



Hercules Mooney 
Gideon Mathes 
Winthrop Durgin 
Elijah Denbo 
Samuel Jackson 
Joseph Thomson 
James Hall 
Jonathan runnels 
Samuel pitman 
John follett 
Benjamin Bradly 
Joseph Jackson 
Josiah Johnson 
Timothy Davis 
thomas Yourk 
stoten tutle 
Miles Randal 
Samuel Langley 
Moses Davis Jun' 
WilN Waymoth 
James Davis 
Hanary tufts 
nathaniel Watson 
Andew watson 
Isaac Small 
Joseph Hicks 
John Sanborn 
Edward Hill 
Thomas Snell 
Eli Clark Juner 
Eben Randel 
Micah Emerson 
Joseph Clark 
Joseph Sias 
John Elliot 



Joshua Woodman Jun' 
John Giles 
Joseph medar 
Thomas Huckins 
Nicholas Duda 
Eben' Lethers 
William Renely 
ffrancis Eliot 

Benjamin Bickford 
mason Rendel 
Joseph Clay 
Nathaniel Stevens 

Jun 
Bartholomew Smart 
Nichole Tuttel 
Samuel Burley 
Nathaniel Randal 
Reubin Hill 
Clement Davis 
James Watson 
Nathaniel frost 
Samuel Watson 
Josiah Durgin 
John Durgin 
John Shaw 
Benjamin Woodman 
Samuel Sias 
David munsey 
Benja Clark 
Moses Dam 
Joseph doe 
Benj» Durgin 
Eb' Jones June' 



Israel Randel 
Francis Durgin 
Joshua Burnam 
Samuel Carter 
Thomas huckins Jr 
Solomon Sias 
ffrancis Allen 
William Cashey 
Edweard Scales 
Samuel bickford 
William Rendel 
Job Runels 
John Clark 
David Davis 
George tutle 
Jonathan Stevens 
Zaccheus Clough 
John Davis 
James Giles Bunker 
Robert York 
Jonathan Stevens 
Ebenezer Dow jun. 
Nathaniel Watson ju' 
Joseph Huckins 
John Shaw Jun« 
Ichabod Denbow 
Thomas Wille 
John Snell 
Eli Clark 
hunkin Dam 
Thomas Noble 
Nathel Sias 
Nathaniel Stevens 



HISTORY OF DURHAM 



25 



John Cartland, a Friend, is said to have come from Lee, Scot- 
land, early in the eighteenth century and to have had the privi- 
lege of naming Lee after his native town. 

No further change was made in the boundaries of Durham till 
2 July 1870, when the western portion of Lubberland stretch- 
ing along the north shore of Great Bay was set off and annexed 
to Newmarket. Thus that part of ancient Exeter received 
a portion of its original claim, and Durham lost some historic 
places. This portion, however, is included in the descriptive 
history of this book. 

No complete tax list has been found between the years 1682 
and 1783. There is a "Ministers Counterpein for the year 1760" 
in the possession of S. H. Shackford, Esq., of Boston, which gives 
the names of those then living on the "North Side" of Oyster 
River. The names alphabetically arranged are as follows: 



Doc Joseph Atkinson 
Abner Bickford 
Benjamin Bickford 
Samuel Bickford 
Benjamin Bodge 
Joshua Burnuni 
Solomon Burnum 
Thomas Bunker 
Isaac Bussel 
Andrew Carter 
George Chesle 
Jonathan Chesle 
Joshua Chesle 
Lt. Ichabod Chesle 
Paul Chesle 
Lt. Philip Chesle 
Samuel Chesle 
Thomas Chesle 
Thomas Chesle Jr. 
Joseph Clark 
Joseph Clay 
Jonathan Clough 
Zacheus Clough 
John Crocket 
Moses Dam 
David Daniel 
Ephraim Davis 
John Davis 
Jonathan Davis 



Jonathan Davis Jr. 
Jeremiah Davis 
Moses Davis 
Nehemiah Davis 
Robert Davis 
Zephaniah Davis 
Aaron Davis 
Samuel Demeritt 
Clement Denbo 
Ichabod Denbo 
Joseph Doe 
Samuel Dyer 
Benj Durgin 
Josiah Durgin 
Moses Emerson 
Solomon Emerson Esq. 
Abraham Fernald 
Jonathan Fish 
John Follet 

Widow Prudence Follet 
John Giles 
Stephen Glashier 
John Glover 
Richard Glover 
Samuel Gray 
Edward Hill 
Eliphalet Hill 
Jonathan Hill 
Nathan" Hill 



26 



HISTORY OF DURHAM 



Robert Hill 
Samuel Hill 
Samuel Hill Jr. 
Valentine Hill 
Widow Abigail Jones 
Benjamin Jones 
Ebenezer Jones 
Ebenezer Jones Jr. 
Richard Jones 
Capt. Stephen Jones 
Benjamin Jackson 
Widow Patience Jackson 
William Jackson 
Mark Jewel 
David Jonson 
Thomas Jonson 
John Huckins 
Joseph Huckins 
Joseph Huckins Jr. 
Thomas Huckins 
Thomas Huckins Jr. 
Aaron Hunscomb 
Elias Lad 
John Langley Jr. 
Samuel Langley 
John Laskey 
Samuel Langmaid 
Abednego Leathers 
Ebenezer Leathers 
Edward Leathers 
Edward Leathers Jr. 
Ezekiel Leathers 
Jonathan Leathers 
Robert Leathers 
Stephen Leathers 
Thomas Leathers 
Gideon Mathes 
John McCoy 
Nathani Meder 
Thomas Noble 
Wm. Odiorne Esq'. 
Abijah Pinkom 
Walter Philbrick 
Quick Priest 
Ebenezer Randal 
John Randel 
Jonathan Randal 
Mason Randal 



Widow Mary Randal 
Miles Randal 
William Randal 
Thomas Rines 
Thomas Rollins 
Abraham Runals 
Job Runals 
Job Runals Jr. 
Jonathan Runals 
William Runals 
Edward Scales 
Lt. Joseph Sias 
Nathaniel Sias 
Samuel Sias 
Samuel Sias Jr. 
Solomon Sias 
John Shaw 
Benjamin Small 
Benjamin Small Jr. 
Edward Small 
Isaac Small 
Joseph Small 
Joseph Small Jr. 
John Snell 
Abednego Spencer 
Hubbard Stevens 
Hubbard Stevens Jr. 
Joseph Stevens 
Samuel L Stevens 
Jos. Stevenson 
Doc Ebenezer Thompson 
John Thomson 
Ens. Jonathan Thomson 
Widow Sarah Thomson 
Nathaniel Thomson 
Robert Thomson 
Robert Thomson Jr. 
Seth Thomson 
Solomon Thomson 
John Tasker Jr. 
Samuel Tod 
Archalaus Woodman 
Edward Woodman 
Jonathan Woodman 
John Woodman 
Jonathan Woodman, Jr. 
Joshua Woodman 
Shadrach Walton 



HISTORY OF DURHAM 



27 



Thomas Whitekom 
Paul Wille 
Samuel Wille 
Thomas Wille 



John Williams 
John Williams Jr. 
Joseph Williams 



The following names are found on a counterpart for the Parish 
of Madbury for the year 1758 and may be of use to genealogists. 
Many on this list belonged to Durham families. 



William Allen 

Elijah Austin 

Benjamin Bickford 

Charles Bickford 

John Bickford Jr. 

Thomas Bickford 

Benjamin Bodge 

Nicholas Brock 

James Brown 

Azariah Boodey 

Benjamin Bussell 

Henry Bussell 

Ebenezer Bussell 

Isaac Bussell 

John Bussell 

Joseph Bussell 

Samuel Bussell 

William Bussell 

Stephen Bunker 

Richard Caswell 

Ichabod Canney 

James Chesleys Estate 

Jonathan Chesley 

Joshua Chesley 

Samuel Chesley 

Samuel Chesley Jr. 

Paul Chesley 

Reuben Chesley 

Lemuel Chesley 

Abraham Clark 

James Clark 

Remem" Clark 

James Clements 

Hezekiah Cook 

John Canney Jr. 

Wid Sarah Dam 

Lt. James Davis 

Maj. Thomas Davis 

Sam 'I Davis & son Thomas 



Ephraim Davis 
Nathaniel Davis 
Sam" Davis, Jr. 
Joseph Daniels 
Joseph Daniels Jr. 
Jacob Daniels 
Eli Demerit 
Job Demerit 
Ebenezer Demerit 
John Demerit 
& his son John 
Solomon Demerit 
W^illiam Demerit 
Job Demerit Jr. 
Clement Drew Jr. 
Clement Drew 
David Drew 
James Drew 
Joseph Drew Estate 
Joseph Drew 
Francis Drew 
Meshech Drew 
Obediah Drew 
Paul Drew 
Silas Drew 
Samuel Drew 
Thomas Drew 
& son John 
Thomas Drew Jr. 
Thomas Drew 3rd 
Lt. Zechf Edgerly 
Sol" Emerson Esq. 
Daniel Evens 
John Evens 
Joseph Evens 
Micah Emerson 
Stephen Evens 
Thomas Evens 
Eben' Garland 



28 



HISTORY OF DURHAM 



Capt. Paul Gerrish 

William Glidden 

Wid. Mary Glover 

John Ham 

John Ham Jr. 

James Hanson 

Jonathan Hanson 

Nathaniel Hanson 

Stephen Hanson 

Timothy Hanson 

Samuel Hanson 

Ichabod Hayes 

Daniel Hayes 

Capt. Joseph Hicks 

Israel Hodgdon 

John Huckins 

Robert Huckine 

Benjamin Hill 

William Hill 

Daniel Jacobs 

Wid. Hannah Jackson 

James Jackson 

James Jackson Jr. 

Daniel Jacobs Jr. 

Joseph Jackson 

William Jackson 

William Jenkens 

Anthony Jones 

Benjamin Jones 

Richard Jones 

Abraham Jonson 

Wid. Hannah Laighton 

Isaac Laighton 

John Laighton 

John Laighton of Barrington 

Gideon Laighton 

Samuel Laighton 

James Lammus 

Nath" Lammus 

Benjamin Leathers 

Thomas Leathers 

Joseph Libby 

John Malory 

John Malory Jr. 

James Malory 

Daniel Meader 

Joseph Meader 



Daniel Misarve 
Daniel Misarve Jr. 
Joseph Misarve 
John Misarve 
Timothy Moses 
David Muncey, Durham 
Stephen Otis 
Stephen Otis Jr. 
Conor Pitman 
Zechariah Pitman 
Amos Pinkham 
James Pinkham 
Moses Pinkham 
Paul Pinkham 
Stephen Pinkham 
Solomon Pinkham 
Richard Pinkham Jr. 
Samuel Pinkham Jr. 
Simon Rendel 
John Roberts 
Ens. Joseph Roberts 
Samuel Roberts 
John Smith 
Abednego Spencer 
Ebenezer Tasker 
John Tasker 
John Tasker Jr. 
William Tasker 
Daniel Tibbets 
Henry Tibbets 
Jeremiah Tibbets 
Nathaniel Tibbets 
Isaac Twombly 
Joseph Twombly 
William Twombly 3d 
John Winget Jr. 
Dennet Waymoth 
Moses Waymoth 
John Whitehorn 
Joseph Woodman 
Abner Young 
Eleazer Young 
Daniel Young 
Jonathan Young 
Samuel Young 
Samuel Young Jr. 
James Young 



HISTORY OF DURHAM 29 

Durham has sent out colonies from time to time to found and 
develop other towns. New Durham was incorporated, 6 De- 
cember 1762, as the result of a petition signed in 1748 by ninety-six 
petitioners from Durham, many of whom settled in the new 
town. Many of the founders of Rochester went from Durham, 
and the earliest meetings of the proprietors were held in Durham. 
Canterbury had a goodly number of settlers from Durham, whose 
names are found in the list of proprietors. Holderness, Barring- 
ton, Barnstead and Nottingham were indebted to Durham for 
many of their early men of enterprise and leadership. In later 
years the broad West has been dotted here and there with set- 
tlers from the vicinity of Oyster River, and some of these have 
risen to places of distinction and power. 



EARLY SETTLERS AND ESTATES 

In locating the first settlers in Oyster River Plantation it may 
be convenient, for the sake of clearness, to begin at the western 
extremity of the shore line, at the mouth of Lamprey River, the 
earliest boundary between Dover and Exeter. 

Richard York deposed in 1652 that he was living in Dover in 
1635. He had a lot on Dover Neck as early as 1642. The 
following town grant is without date, but it was made probably 
about this time. "Richard York, a house Lott conteyning by 
Estimacon eleaven acres more or less, butting upon the high 
street East and on the Durty Lane west on John Dams Lott on 
the South and uppon the lane from Elder Nutters North, more 
all the m' she in a Creeke called by the name of Little Johns Creek, 
more one small marsh conteyning by estimation eleaven acres 
more or less in the great Bay butting upon two small Islands 
southwest, more one spott of marsh lying to the northwest ioyning 
to y^ other only a small point of Land making some division." 
In 1656 there were granted to him one hundred acres next to 
John Martin's "bounded as followeth, that is to say, by lambrill 
River side North west 96 Rood and from the marked tree Betwixt 
John Martin and Richard York 200 Rood South west and be 
west and the head line 96 Rod nor west & be nor and from that 
marked tree to the River again 200 Rood south west and be 
west." This he willed to his son Benjamin in 1672. This land 
is now in Newmarket, forming the southerly part of the neck of 
land lying between the mouth of Lamprey River and Goddard's 
Creek. 

Next north of Richard York lived John Martin, who married 
Hester, daughter of Thomas Roberts of Dover Neck. On the 
26th of 7th month, 1664, there was granted to John Martin 
"the land which now he posseth where his dwelling house stand- 
eth to be maed up forty ackers Beginning at the water sied taking 
all the land Betwixt John Godder and Richard Yorke and so 
running up into the woods not intrenching upon ani former 
Grant." 

The location of John Martin's lot is still further defined, 28 
February 1664, when it was ordered that Capt. Ralph Hall and 

31 



32 HISTORY OF DURHAM 

Deacon John Hall lay out a highway from Lamprey River Fall 
to the water's side in the Great Bay. They accordingly "layd 
it out as foUoweth, that is to say, from the fall above sayd to 
Goe as the old way goeth tell it Cometh to a great Roke with a 
tree groeing on the top thear of on the left hand of the old waye 
goeing from the said fall to John Godders, neir to wich Roke are 
two trees marked with H thus betweine wich trees the way is to 
goo straite Downe to a letell freshett and over it strait to another 
and over it and soe betwixt two trees marked with H like the 
former two trees and soe betwixt a letell swampe and the Rokey 
hill side thet lieth behind John Martins house and soe strait to the 
laen that is betwixt John Godders fence and John martins fence 
of the Corn fields that now lieth befoer thear doers or houses tell 
it Cometh to the lower Corner of John Martins fence next the 
foer menshened laen and thear to turne and goe as the old way 
goeth at the present to the usuall landing plase tell John martin 
mak a way from the sayd Corner of his fence lower downe toward 
the water side then the way goeth at the Present. The way is to 
be fower poll wied all the way saueing between the two foer 
mentioned fences. John Martin is to make the way soe as shall 
be to the Towns Content belowe his feilld befoer it be 
Altered." 

John Martin and wife Hester conveyed, 20 September 1667, 
to Thomas Mounsell his dwelling house "now standing in Luber- 
land in y® Great Bay," together with forty acres of upland lying 
between Richard York's and John Goddard's lands, and the 
following year Mounsell sold this to Nicholas Doe, whose son, 
Sampson Doe, inherited it and added adjacent lands thereto. 
John Martin and family removed to Piscataway, New Jersey. 

On the loth of the first month, 1673/4, the bounds between 
Nicholas Doe and John Goddard were fixed as follow^s, "from 
high water mark at the usuall landing place A high waye of fower 
poele wid up to John Godder his land at the marsh on the one 
side and soe to the Corner of John Godders orchard on the west 
and that fence of the orchard to stand and soe to a heape of 
Rockes on the west of the heigh waye and Nicholass Does garden 
on the Est of the high waye and all the Newe fence att Does 
garden to be wholley taken a way and from the Corner of Does 
garden in to the woods upon the west sid of the hill this high way 
to goe into the woods of fower pole wide upon a North and be 



HISTORY OF DURHAM 33 

west line and is the bounds of the land betwixt John Godderd and 
Nichlos Doe. " 

It is impossible to locate precisely the ten acres granted to Hugh 
Dunn, 17th of first month, 1663/4. "Whereas hew doenn hath 
Buellt a house neir lampril River and having now writ [no right] 
to anie land thear we doe Grant him ten ackers thear, Exchange 
of ten Ackers from his thirty Ackers at Sandey Banck, which tenn 
Ackers at Sandey Banck is to Remaine the Townes. " The land 
at Sandy Bank had been granted to him in 1656. It is located up 
Lamprey River, on the north side of Lee Hook. Dunn sold this 
to Philip Crommett about 1666 and went to New Jersey with 
John Martin and others. See New Jersey's Indebtedness to 
New Hampshire, by O. B. Leonard of Plainfield, N. J., in N. H. 
Gen. Record, Vol. i, pp. 145-50. 

The next lot northeasterly of John Martin's was originally 
granted by the town to the Rev. Thomas Larkham, between 1639 
and 1642, who conveyed the same to Joseph Miller. On the 21st 
of September 1647, Joseph Miller conveyed to John Goddard 
the "house where Miller now liveth and five acres of land," also 
twenty acres given by the inhabitants of Dover, alias Northam 
to Thomas Larkham, "lyinge on the west side of Backe River," 
also thirty acres of meadow ground lying "on the westerlie side 
of the greate baye neere unto a cove called the greate Cove," 
excepting ten acres given unto John Ault by the said Thomas 
Larkham, also one hundred acres on the easterly side of the said 
marsh ground given by Dover to said Larkham. Goddard paid 
for all this land 16,500 of merchantable pipe staves. Goddard's 
Creek, an often mentioned landmark, ran through the thirty 
acres of land above mentioned. 

John Goddard was one of Capt. John Mason's colonists, who 
came over in the Pied Coiv in 1634. He aided in erecting the 
first saw mill and grist mill run by water in New England, at 
what is now Great Works, South Berwick, Me. It would seem 
from what is said above that his house, which was a garrison, 
stood south of the creek. 

Mention has been made of land butting upon two small islands 
granted to Richard York. His son John inherited this land and 
islands and, i June 1676, he and wife Ruth sold to Michael 
French of Oyster River "all that tract or point of land lying and 
being in Lubberland, bounded by the Great Bay on the South 

3 



34 HISTORY OF DURHAM 

east side, by the lands of Nicholas Doe on the North west side, 
by the lands of the said John York on the North east side, and 
by the creek called Goddards Creek on the South west Side," 
"with a parcel of marsh on the South side and two little Islands 
containing by estimation six acres be it more or less." One of 
the witnesses was Thomas Ladbrook. October 14, 1680, John 
York conveyed to Roger Rose eighty acres granted to York's 
father, with all meadows, flats, creek, thatch-bed, islands, and 
islets belonging to said grant. Roger Rose sold this land to 
John Rawlins of Newbury, and Rawlins sold it to John Smith, 20 
July 1705, "a tract of land and salt marsh, houses, ffeilds and 



Davis-Smith Garrison, Lubberland 

orchards scituate, lying and being in Lubberland." Roger Rose 
died 6 August 1705, leaving no issue, so far as learned. He was 
born about 1638 and married in 1661 Abigail, daughter of Chris- 
topher Grant of Watertown, Mass. In early life he was a servant 
of William Hudson. He is called "tailor." 

Joseph, son of John Smith, sold above mentioned land and 
islands to Nicholas Doe, and Sampson Doe, his son, sold the 
same to Joseph Chesley, 27 March 1707. The latter is said to 
have had a garrison house here and the islands were called 
Chesley's Islands. Some have supposed that the first Philip 
Chesley lived here, but the evidences are all against that 
supposition. 

John Alt, "aged about seventy-three years," deposed, 2 



HISTORY OF DURHAM 35 

March 1677/8, that Robert Smart senior of Exeter did own and 
possess all the meadow on the southwest side of John Goddard's 
Creek "and y"^ said Smart did possess it twelve years before 
Dover was a township & he did possess it sixteen years together. " 
This takes us back to 1636. Others testified to the same effect in 
a controversy that arose. A part of this marsh came into the 
possession of Sampson Doe, and the rest was sold by Robert 
Smart to Joseph Smith and his son John, 8 April 1706. 

It has been said above that the Rev. Thomas Larkham gave 
ten acres to John Ault before 1642, lying next to Goddard's land. 
The town also granted to John Ault, 10 August 1653, eighty 
acres at "y^ Great Cove above needums poynt, 40 rods in length 
upon y^Cove. " This was laid out to him in 1669, beginning at 
Richard York's marked tree and running thence by the water 
side forty rods toward Needoms point. The place is called 
Broad Cove and also Needham's Cove. It seems that John 
Ault did not live here. He sold this land, in 1670, to John 
Cutt of Portsmouth. Ault's home lot will be shown further on. 

It was in this vicinity that David Davis, who was taxed in 
1680, built his garrison house in 1695, which until recently stood 
about a quarter of a mile west of where Warren Smith now lives. 
The road has been changed so as to run over the site of the old 
garrison. Davis was killed by Indians, 27 August 1696. John 
Smith got possession of this land also and kept adding to his 
landed estate till he owned a stretch of about four miles along the 
northerly shore of the Great Bay, and here his descendants have 
lived unto the present day. 

Needham's Point, called later Jewell's Point, derived its name 
probably from Nicholas Needham of Exeter, though no record has 
been found of land owned by him here. Needham's Cove is 
northeast of the Point, and the point of land at the easterly 
extremity of the Cove was anciently called Pinder's Point. The 
next point of land was called Morris's Point, and between the 
two points was Clift Cove. John and Ruth York 14 October 
1680, sold to John Pinder, brickmaker and bricklayer, "land 
beginning at the little point in Clift Cove adjoining to Thomas 
Morris and so over the neck to a pine tree by the path going to 
Lubberland." John York had bought this land of Thomas 
Roberts, senior, i July 1669. Here lived the Pinder family for 
several generations. 



36 HISTORY OF DURHAM 

Lubberland seems to have been a name given first to the region 
between Lamprey River and Goddard's Creek and to have gradu- 
ally been applied to all the adjoining region along the north 
shore of Great Bay. 

Thomas Morris was taxed in 1663 and died 30 July 1707, as 
Pike's Journal says. His will gives his land to his friends James 
and William Durgin. James Durgin's son, John, sold to John 
Smith, 2 January 1735, twenty acres of land "with one dwelling 
house thereon situate lying & being in Durham ajoining on y^ 
north west side of y^ Great bay & bounded by John Finders land 
on y® Southwest & on y^ North by John Smiths land & on y^ 
northeast by y® Creek call Thomas Morrys [Morris's] Creek." 

Next east of Thomas Morris came land of Thomas Footman, 
granted to him in 1653. He first lived on the shore of Little 
Bay, as we shall soon see. An island, still called Footman's 
Island, was granted to him on the 19th of 8th month, 1653, con- 
taining one acre of land more or less, in the mouth of the Great 
Bay. The island, "laying against the house," is mentioned in 
Thomas Footman's will, 1667. The site of the Footman house 
is easily found in about the middle of the field. 

Next to Thomas Footman lived William Durgin. This ap- 
pears from the following citation. December 20, 1723, Francis 
Durgin of Exeter sold to John Smith his right, title and interest 
in "one certain neck of land situate lying & being on y® norwest 
side of great bay & aioyning to Matheses Creek so called which 
being y* half of s*^ neck of land which my father William Durgin 
lived on in his life time & died in y® Persetion." December ii, 
1694, William Furber was licensed to keep a ferry from his house 
at Welchman's Cove, to transport travelers over to Oyster 
River, at the rate of three pence for each person and eight pence 
for man and horse, if landed "at Mathews his neck," and six 
pence for each person and twelve pence for man and horse, if 
landed "at Durgins the west side of Mathews his neck." See 
N. H. Province Papers, Vol. H, 146-47. 

Eli Edgerly has long lived on the old Durgin farm. In front 
of his house and about two rods distant there was a cellar where 
now is a large cherry tree. Here was probably the Durgin garri- 
son mentioned in 1695. The ferry landing seems to have been 
in a little cove at the southeast corner of the field. The site of 



HISTORY OF DURHAM 



37 



Thomas Footman's house is plainly seen from Mr. Edgerly's 
doorway. 

South of Crommett's Creek and west of the road a winding road 
near the creek led to the home of the Daniel family in the old 
days. Certainly John Daniel lived here and probably his father, 
"Davey" Daniel. The cellar can be found easily. 

On the 23d of the loth month, 1654, a grant was made to 
Francis Matthews of "all the marsh in the Great Creek on the 
norwest side of the Great Bay, being the first creek, and one 




Adams Point, First Called "Matthews Neck" 
In the distance, beyond Crommett's Creek, is the old Durgin farm 



hundred acres of upland adjoining to it." This creek was for 
many years called Mathes Creek, till Joshua Crommett and his 
son, Jacob, settled on the north side of it and west of the road, 
where a Mr. Quimby has recently lived. They managed the 
grist mill, the ruins of which may be seen on the west side of the 
creek, south of the road. Crommett was living here before 1772. 
It is still known as Crommett's Creek. 

All that neck of land, which is almost an island, has been known 
since 1654 as Matthews, or Mathes, Neck. Benjamin Matthews 



38 HISTORY OF DURHAM 

had a grant, loth of 2d month, 1654, of "a Little Plott of marsh 
at the head of the Little Bay, with the neck of land there." 
Matthews Neck is now called Adams Point, from the name of the 
present owner. This is now a beautiful summer resort. The 
view of the extensive meadow, of Great and Little Bays, and of 
Furber's Point opposite in Newington is one of the best in all 
this region of fine scenery. The present house is the fourth that 
has stood on the same site. Here lived Capt. Benjamin Mathes 
for a time. 

Next north of Matthews Neck and stretching from Crommett's 
Creek to the head of Little Bay is the old Kent farm, where eight 
generations of the Kent family have lived. There were laid out 
to Oliver Kent, 3d of 2d month, 1658, seventy acres of land, 
"bounded betwixt William Drewes and Mrs. Mathes and Charles 
Adamses by the cricke side commonly called Mr Mathews 
Cricke." Oliver Kent was taxed in Dover in 1648 and perhaps 
had lived here from even earlier than that date, since grants of 
land were often made years after occupation and improvement. 
His house stood on the hilltop westerly of the present barn of 
Mr. Eben Kent, and the old Kent burial-ground is southeasterly 
of said barn. It contains marble headstones of some of the later 
generations and rough unlettered granite stones to mark the 
resting places of the early families. The outlook from the Kent 
lawn is alone enough to make life happy. Oliver Kent's son, 
Joseph, added to the original grant the above mentioned lot of 
Charles Adams by purchase from his heirs, 15 February 1714/5. 
It had been granted to Charles Adams as an out lot in 1656, 
"one necke of land lying on the south side of Bronsons Crick 
bounded from the western branch upon a south line to the Great 
Bay." Oliver Kent bought of George Smythe, administrator 
of the estate of George Webb, in 1651," an acre and a half of 
land in Oyster River Plantation heretofore in the possession of 
said George Webb," who in 1642 was presented at court "for 
living idle like a swine." This is all we need to know of him. 
He probably lived as a fisherman, in single wretchedness, on the 
south shore of Branson's Creek. 

Jonas Bines had a grant of "an out lot being on the south west 
side of a Creeke caled by the name of Bransons Creeke being 
ten acres, the west side ioyning to George Webb, from a great 
white Oke marked and the east side coming to a little gutt, 



HISTORY OF DURHAM 39 

right over against a place called the hay stack and lyeth next to 
Charles Adams Lott." This lot was sold to John Hill, 26 Febru- 
ary 1668, by John Bickford, senior, who may have acted as 
executor of the estate of Jonas Bines, since there is no record of 
Bines after that date. It was laid out to John Hill thus "The 
head line begins at a pine tree by Bransons Crick and runs south 
west 29 or 30 rod along Georg web his lot to the corner tree and 
from the pine tree down the Crick 40 rod Est South Est to a letell 
gut by the Crick and from that gut it Runs south west 37 rods 
to a little Pine tree marked and from that tree it Runs west 
south west 60 rod to a marked tree and from that marked tree 
it Runs to the upper Corner of George Webes lot." This lot 
seems to be now a portion of the Kent farm. 

Branson's or Bronson's Creek next engages our attention, a 
small inlet, about the. size of Willey's Creek, which is better 
known. It is on the south side of the old Thomas Drew farm and 
was named from George Bronson, or Branson, who was taxed in 
1648 and was killed by a bull, 2 July 1657. John Ault testified 
that "Bronson went well out of his house and he went after him 
and found Bronson lying on the ground crying that the bull had 
killed him." He left nothing to perpetuate his name but this 
creek. There is no grant or sale of land in his name. Even the 
creek is called Brands Krick in 1691 and half a century later it 
is called in a deed Blanchard's Creek. Let the old name be 
retained. It is better than a tombstone for George Branson. 

The next lot was granted to William Drew, loth of 8th month, 
1653, "sixty acres of upland being on the north side of Bransons 
Creeke joining to his marsh." This was assigned to his son, 
Francis Drew, and laid out in 1669, "on the north side of Bran- 
sons Crieck from the marsh thirty rods north est to a marked 
tree at the cricke next to Thomas Wille^ land and from thence 
160 rods northwest to a marked tree and from thence 90 rods 
southwest to a marked tree." Francis Drew deeded this to his 
son Thomas, 9 October 1691. Some time after the return of 
Thomas from captivity in Canada he settled here with his wife, 
Tamsen, but the other heirs of Francis Drew long afterward 
claimed some right in this farm. This explains a deed of Elijah 
Drew, son of Thomas and Tamsen, dated 15 May 1744, when he 
conveyed to Joseph Wheeler and Zachariah Edgerly "all right 
in lands and tenements which did belong unto Mary Green of 



40 HISTORY OF DURHAM 

Stratham, being a fifth part of sixty acres of land lying by ye 
Little Bay & by Bransis Creek. " 

John Drew, brother of Thomas and son of Francis, escaped 
from a window in the old Drew garrison at Drew's Point, on the 
south side of Oyster River, at the time of the massacre in 1694, 
and was slain by Indians in 1706. He left two daughters, as a 
deed shows, Mary, who married Joseph Wheeler, and Joanna, 
who married Zachariah Edgerly, A deed of partition, dated 13 
July 1747, between Joseph Drew and John Drew, sons of Thomas, 
and Joseph Wheeler and Mary his wife and Zachariah Edgerly 
and Joanna his wife, gives to Joseph and John Drew their part 
of sixty acres, "Beginning at a stake and stones standing half 
a rod south west from the south corner of the old house cellar 
& from said stake and stones it runs south fifty Degrees and 
a half Degree east to the Salt River, with lands, buildings and 
appurtenances thereto belonging, " and to said Wheeler and Mary 
his wife & Zachariah Edgerly and Joanna his wife all on the 
other side of a line, "with all that Land which Thomas Drew 
late of Dover afores'^ son of Francis Drew late of the same place 
purchased of Margaret Squire." This land also reached down 
to the salt river. Margaret Squier, widow of Bernard Squier 
probably, conveyed to Thomas Drew, 24 July 1701, eighteen 
acres on the northwest side of little bay, joining to lands of 
aforesaid Thomas Drew. This land had been granted to her 
first husband, Thomas Willey. 

This old Drew farm many years ago came into the possession 
of Richard Kent. The buildings now standing unoccupied 
were erected by him, but the old Drew residence could not have 
been far from the same site. Old residents in this vicinity say 
that it stood a little lower down, eight or ten rods from the present 
barn. It was demolished about one hundred years' ago and Mr. 
Joseph Adams has now one of its doors. The Drew burial- 
ground is in the field below the house, on the west side of a gulley 
through which flows a small brook into Branson's Creek. The 
cemetery is unfenced. The inscriptions on two headstones can 
be read with some difficulty. Many rough granite stones appear. 
Here sleep the ashes of Thomas and Tamsen Drew and many of 
their fourteen children and more numerous grandchildren. 

In 1653 there were granted to Rice Howell twenty acres "next 
to William Drews grant." This he exchanged with Thomas 



HISTORY OF DURHAM • 4I 

Footman for land further north, and Footman sold these twenty 
acres to Thomas Willey, who, 4 August 1666, sold land adjoining 
to Henry Hollwells to William Perkins, who seems to have added 
thereunto, for, 10 June 1694, William Perkins and wife, Elizabeth, 
who had removed to Exeter, conveyed to their daughter, Eliza- 
beth Wheeler, sixty acres of land with house, "over against Little 
Bay," reserving a moiety of mowing land and of growth of 
apples during lifetime. Here lived John Wheeler and wife, 
Elizabeth, till they were killed by Indians, in 1706. His son, 
Deacon Joseph Wheeler, inherited the farm, added more to it and 
passed it along to his son, Benjamin Wheeler. The old cellar near 
the stone house, belonging to Mr. Edward Rollins of Boston and 
formerly belonging to Charles H. Mathes, and built by James 
Fernald, perhaps seventy-five or one hundred years ago, on the 
farm next north of the old Drew estate, is probably that of the 
Wheeler family. October 30, 1765, Benjamin and Elizabeth 
Wheeler of Gardners Town, Lincoln County, Mass. (now Gardiner, 
Me.), Daniel Edgerly and Hannah, his wife, of Madbury and 
Abigail Wheeler, spinster, of Durham (who married William 
Buss), children of Joseph Wheeler, tailor, sold to Daniel Warner 
all right in half of a certain farm joining on Little Bay, " between 
the land of John Edgerly and Joseph and John Drew." The 
farm then contained one hundred and twenty acres. 

In 1658 the selectmen laid out for the use of the town a grove 
of pine trees, "lieinge and beinge on the north west sied of the 
letell Bay half a mile or thereabout from a creeke called the 
Long Creek, bounded upon the South by Tho Willey his grant. " 
On the loth of the 2d month, 1654, Thomas Willey had a grant 
on the northwest side of Little Bay, "threescore rods by the 
Water side to begin at the mouth of the Long Creeke and so 
upwards eight score rods into the woods." Willey sold this to 
William Perkins, and, 28 January 1669, William Perkins and 
Elizabeth, his wife, conveyed to Thomas Edgerly a parcel of 
land "lying & being on the northwest side of the Little Bay and 
on the southwest side of the long creek in the town of Dover 
afores'^ containing twenty pole by ye water side, being marked 
and bounded by the long creek afores*^ on the north east side of 
said parcell of land and by a hemlock tree on the other side which 
standeth by the water side, . . . containing twenty acres 
more or less, the which parcell of land is a part of the sixty acres 



42 



HISTORY OF DURHAM 



purchased of Thomas Willey. " These twenty acres passed to 
Thomas Edgerly's son John, and, 4 February 171 1, John Edgerly 
and wife, Elizabeth, conveyed to Samuel Edgerly (his brother) 
twenty acres on the northwest side of Little Bay, bounded on the 
north "by the Creeke called and known by the name of the Mill 
Creek, bounded on the east with the aforesaid Little Bay, bounded 
on the South with the land of John Wheelers lately deceased." 
Thus it seems that John Wheeler had acquired before 171 1 the 
land laid out in 1658 for a pine grove for the use of the town. This 
land of Edgerly's is now in the possession of James Meader, 
and Long Creek is called today Meader's Creek. A two-branched 




Mouth of Long Creek 



brook flows through the field in front of Meader's house and 
empties into the head of Long Creek, called also Mill Creek in 
some deeds, because a mill was erected at an early date near the 
mouth of it. 

Long Creek winds up into the woods that conceal it perhaps 
less than an eighth of a mile. It is broad and deep, an admirable 
refuge for fishing craft in the old days. Just south of it, on the 
elevated land, amid the woods that may have formed a part of 
the pine grove reservation, have recently been built some summer 
cottages. 

North of Long Creek it is difficult to locate with precision the 
first settlers, because there were so frequent transfers of small 



HISTORY OF DURHAM 43 

;grants of land. The following citation from Dover records will 
aid us. The record has been slightly mutilated. "The grant of 
land by the Town of Dover to Thomas Footman of twenty acres, 
as appears by ye date of ... of the first month, 1651, and 
also a grant of ten acres granted to John Hill, granted to him by 
ye town of Dover at a meeting they had ye lo of ye 8 . . . 
These two grants are laid out and bounded as follows, 65 rod 
along ye shore from Thomas Humphreys next John Alts long 
creek near ye mill and from thence west nor west 90 rods to a 
marked tree marked T. C. and from y* tree it runs north north- 
east 50 rods to a red oack tree marked again with T. C. and from 
thence it runs east south east till it comes to ye same brook where 
it began, and whereas the Town intended a high way & landing 
place att long Creek it is ordered y* there ... all be three 
Tod in bedth as it is now marked to the end of the lott and what 
wast land is between the high way and ye creek, eqall with y® 
creek, is Thomas Edgerlys in consideration of ye high way. This 
land we find to be Thomas Edgerlys by ye consent of his father 
in law John Alt and John Bickford of Oyster River senior, so 
then we finde that the brook that is between John Alts and 
Thomas Edgerlys is the bound given by John Alt to ye said Ed- 
gerly his land and is laid out and bounded this 18 of November 
1678." Signed by John Davis and Robert Burnum. 

Here mention is made of a mill on Long Creek and a highway 
therefrom. These are again mentioned in a deed from Thomas 
Edgerly, senior, and his wife, Rebecca, to their son, Samuel Ed- 
■gerly, dated 21 May 1700. It conveyed fifteen acres "bounded 
from a marked pine tree at y® head of y^ old dam, seated be- 
tween the long Cricke brook and the high way that goeth out 
into y® Commons, lying to y® west of y^ little bay in Oyster River." 

January 28, 1711, Thomas Edgerly and wife, Rebecca, sold to 
their son, John Edgerly, seventy or eighty acres of land on the 
northwest side of the Little Bay, "bounded on the north by land 
of John Rand. It fronteth on the aforesaid little bay and is 
bounded on the south by the creek called and known by the name 
of the mill creek, at the water side and from there into the woods." 

Thus we see that Thomas Edgerly owned land on both sides 
of Long or Mill Creek. That on the north side came to him by 
marrying Rebecca, widow of Henry Hallwell, and daughter of 
John Ault. The marriage took place in 1665. His garrison 



44 



HISTORY OF DURHAM 



house was evidently north of Long Creek, now Meader's Creek, 
and was burned by the Indians in 1694. Shortly afterward he 
petitioned that the neighboring house of John Rand should be 
made a garrison. Rand had married Remembrance, the other 
daughter of John Ault, and so had half of the original estate of 
John Ault, who was one of Capt. John Mason's colonists and 
must have settled at Oyster River about the year 1635. His 
farm lay between Long Creek and the next brook north called 
in ancient deeds Plum Swamp Brook. John Ault conveyed to 
his son-in-law, John Rand, 21 April 1674, "all y'' place or planta- 
tion whereon I now live." 




Shore of Little Bay 
Durham Point on the left, Fox Point on the right 



November 17, 1718, John Rand, son of the John Rand, who 
with wife. Remembrance, was probably killed by Indians in the 
massacre of 1694, conveyed to Francis Mathes thirty acres of 
"Rands Plantation," "on the northwest side of y® Little Bay," 
between John Edgerly's land on the south and John Ambler's 
land on the north. 

November 26, 1720, Job Runnels sold to John Ambler land 
which John Ault gave to his son-in-law, John Rand and wife, 
Remembrance, in 1764, which land Runnels bought of Nathaniel 
Rand and Francis Rand. 



HISTORY OF DURHAM 45 

In August, 1912, Hon. Lucien Thompson and myself carefully 
explored this region. We found what seems to have been the 
landing place at the mouth of Long Creek, on the north side, 
where in later times bricks were made. The mill dam may have 
been that of a tide mill, at the very mouth of the creek, where 
upright ledges form natural abutments and where a dam could 
have been built at little expense. The supply of water from tide 
and brooks would have been abundant for those times. An ex- 
cavation on the hilltop, perhaps ten rods from the mouth of the 
creek and on the north side, probably marks the site of the Ed- 
gerly garrison, burned in 1694. The pasture land around it is 
now overgrown with small pines and bushes, yet traces of the 
old road from the landing to the main road are easily discovered. 
Walking in a northerly direction over this wooded and hilly pas- 
ture one comes to a large field of the John Emerson farm, where 
Mr. Bela Kingman has a camp. In the southeast corner of that 
field, a few rods from the shore, not far from a fine spring of water, 
is a depression that marks the cellar of the house built by John 
Ault, given to his son-in-law, John Rand, and used as the gar- 
rison of this region after 1694. A portion of a brick was found 
near the surface. 

On the 17th of the 4th month, 1667, Thomas Seabrook and 
wife, Mary, conveyed to John Ault, for twelve pounds paid by 
Thomas Edgerly, all right, title, and interest in "all such lands 
that John Hill did purchase of Thomas Footman, did purchase 
and pass over to Richard Bray, situate & lying in y*' Little Bay 
on y^ south west side of ye Brooke w'=^ runneth between ye lot 
of s^ Richard and ye Lott of Thos Humphreys near John Aults 
land wth ten acres of land more ajoyning to the land afores*^." 
N. H. Deeds, HI, 149a. 

It would seem, then, that Thomas Humphreys' land began at 
the mouth of Plum Swamp Brook, near the "Falling-off Place," 
where, on the north side, there is a very old stone wall, that may 
have been a division fence. How Thomas Humphreys acquired 
this does not appear in the records. His name does not appear 
in grants or sales of land. He was taxed at Oyster River in 1659 
and is called "Thomas umfirie the stiller," or distiller. He evi- 
dently furnished the liquid then deemed almost indispensable. 
He took the oath of fidelity in 1661. He married, i December 
1665, Hannah, daughter of John Lane of Hingham Mass., where 



46 HISTORY OF DURHAM 

his sons had famihes recorded. He was constable, sergeant and 
clerk of the writs at Sagadahock, Me., in 1674. He and James 
Middleton, once of Oyster River, sold land on the Kennebec in 
1676. Mention is made of his house at Oyster River, near which 
Thomas Canyda was killed by the falling of a tree in 1660, as 
said a coroner's jury. 

It may be conjectured that Thomas Humphreys got posses- 
sion of a small lot on the shore in this way: Thomas Footman 
owned land a little north of Plum Swamp Brook. He conveyed 
to Rice Howell, 29th of the loth month, 1654, one messuage or 
tenement of land on the northwest side of Little Bay next to John 
Ault's lot, seven or eight acres, bounded by a freshet that runs 
on the southwest side of said land. This land probably passed 
from Howell to Humphrey. The "freshet" spoken of is Plum 
Swamp Brook, on the farm formerly of the late John Emerson. 
Mention has been made of Richard Bray, who had a small lot 
just south of Plum Swamp Brook, probably acquired from John 
Ault. He had a grant, in 1658, "of twenty acres of upland at 
the head of his lot." He was taxed in Exeter in 1664, and there is 
no record of how he disposed of his land at Oyster River. He 
died in 1665, and his estate was administered by his widow, Mary, 
appointed administratrix 10 April 1665, then of Exeter and hav- 
ing children, John and Mary. This John Bray was of Middle- 
town, N. J., 31 May 1689, when he sold to John Sleeper of Exe- 
ter eighty acres in Exeter. The deed is also signed by his mother, 
then Mary Whitlock. 

April 3, 1674, John Ault sold to his son-in-law, Thomas Ed- 
gerly, "one fourth of an acre of land at west end of a field called 
Hilliards" and joining Edgerly's land, near Plum Swamp. Did 
Emmanuel Hilliard once live here, he who was later of Hampton 
and perished in the Wreck of Rivermouth, as sung by the poet 
Whittier? He seems to have been the only known Hilliard in 
New England at that time. 

We have learned that Thomas Footman exchanged a small 
piece of land with Rice Howell. The latter was taxed in 1648 
and in 1657. The following deposition throws some light on 
his pathway: "The Deposition of Philip Chesley this deponent 
witnesseth that hee Being at a Bargain making between Thomas 
Johnson of Oister River and Rise Howell of the said river which 
was to this efTectt that if the said Howell would leave the places 



HISTORY OF DURHAM 47 

hee was then in where he had good wages and come and live with 
the said Johnson hee should have fouer Ackers of Land joyning 
to his feild the said Howell Breaking of it up and house Roome 
to dwell in all w"'' the said howell was to in Jove as Long as he 
lived and further saith not." Deposed 27 July 1661. N. H. 
Court Records, I, 87. 

It has been shown that Thomas Footman owned a small piece 
of land north of Plum Swamp Brook. He had land from Henry 
Symson in York previous to 15 April 1640, and lived there as 
late as 1648. He had a grant on the northern shore of Great 
Bay in 1653 and there he made his home. It is questionable 
whether he lived for a short time on the shore of Little Bay, al- 
though he owned several pieces of land there. 

There were granted to John Hill, in 1655, " six acres between 
the land of John Ault on the southwest and land of Jonas Bines 
on the northwest, joining to a point of land bought of Charles 
Adams." Here we meet with Jonas Bines again. Apparently 
about 1648 he had not only a grant near Branson's Creek, as we 
have seen, but also "One house and In lott conteyning sixe acres 
or there aboutes which hee bought of Thomas Stephenson being 
next to the point at the entrance into Oyster River, Compassed 
w**^ the river evrie way only the South side and that joines uppon 
the land of Mr. fTrancis Matthewes, . . . alsoe a Little 
Island conteyning two acres or there aboutes being at the en- 
trance into the little Bay over against a point called by the name 
of Charles point." On the loth of the 8th month, 1653, Jonas 
Bynes had a grant of ten acres of "upland in the head of the 
Creeke, joining to his Marsh, on the east side of the Creeke," 
and he had ten acres more granted the nth of the 2d month, 
1654. These grants were on Johnson's Creek. Thus he had 
at least five small pieces of land widely scattered over the planta- 
tion of Oyster River. He seems to have lived on a small lot of 
land nearly opposite Ambler's Islands. I have found no record 
of the administration of his estate, nor of transfers of his lands, 
nor of any family. 

Charles Adams bought of John Ault, 10 April 1645, "a mes- 
suage or tenement in the plantation of Oyster River," for £20, 
and also "so much marsh ground as will keep three cows in the 
winter time." This seems to be the land sold by Adams to John 
Hill, and here probably Charles Adams first lived and gave his 



48 HISTORY OF DURHAM 

name to "Charles Point," later called "Ambler's Point." Tra- 
dition locates one or more old habitations here, opposite Ambler's 
Islands, which three islands are spoken of in old deeds as one 
island of two acres, the division into three having been made by 
erosion of connecting lands by the waves. 

In 1685 Joseph Hill sold to John Smart the farm which he 
bought of his father, John Hill, "by y® Little Bay between the 
plantations of Joseph Kent and John Ault." Joseph Smith, 
attorney for John and Elizabeth Smart of New York, conveyed, 
26 March 1703, to John Ambler land and buildings which said 
Smart bought of Joseph Hill, on the westerly side of Little Bay. 
Here lived the Ambler family for a long time. The cellar of the 
house probably built by John Hill and lived in by John Ambler 
is easily found, in the edge of a grove in Hon. Jeremiah Lang- 
ley's field. The site is sufficiently elevated to afford a fine view 
of the bay and the opposite shore. 

January 10, 1739, John Ambler conveyed to his son-in-law, 
Ephraim Libby, of Kittery, all his lands including the "home 
place" and Island, and, 27 March 1776, Ephraim Libby sold 
the same to his son-in-law, Thomas Langley, Jr. 

Next north of the Hill-Ambler farm was the homestead of 
Thomas Willey, that descended to his son, Stephen, to grandson, 
Thomas, to great grandson, Stephen, and to great, great grand- 
son Stephen. Thomas Willey, who married Margaret Crawford, 
deposed in 1680 that he had lived at Oyster River forty years. 
This takes us back to 1640, and he must have been one of the 
first settlers. He was twenty- three years old in 1640 and may 
have lived in the family of Darby Field. Traces of his dwelling 
place are pointed out in the field now belonging to Mr. Edward I. 
Langley, perhaps thirty rods from the shore of the bay. The road 
to Oyster River Falls is sometimes called the highway from Wil- 
ley's Creek, sometimes the highway from Bickford's Ferry. In 
1658 Thomas Willey was appointed to keep the "ordinary" in 
place of John Bickford. Three of the Willey family were car- 
ried into captivity in 1694, and the house where Thomas Willey 
lived may then have been burned. 

Much research has been made to thus make plain the loca- 
tions of Branson's Creek, Long or Mill Creek and Plum Swamp 
Brook, because Miss Mary P. Thompson, in her indispensable 
Landmarks in Ancient Dover, has made these Creeks the same as 




Oyster River Plantation 



HISTORY OF DURHAM 49 

the Great Creek, Matthews Creek, or later Crommett's Creek, 
which is near the outlet of Great Bay. This occasions confusion 
in locating theearliest inhabitants. When Miss Thompson wrote, 
the Provincial Records of New Hampshire had not been indexed, 
which fact sufficiently explains the errors of that painstaking and 
entertaining writer. 

Once at least Matthews Creek is called the Long Creek, when, 
in 1653, ten acres were granted to John Hill "between Thomas 
Footmans grant & the long creeke on the Nor west Side of the 
great Bay." 

South of Willey's Creek and some distance from the shore 
there are traces of graves, and here was probably the burial 
ground of the Willey and Bickford families. 

Next north of Thomas Willey and at the extremity of Durham 
Point lived as early as 1639 Darby Field, who signed the so- 
called Exeter Combination and was the first to explore the 
W^hite Mountains. He was licensed to sell wine in 1644. Doubt- 
less he kept the ordinary at the Point, since we know that John 
Bickford did a little later, to w^hom Field conveyed, 16 July 
1645, his house and lot, except the breadth of a lot in possession 
of Thomas Willey. Here lived several generations of the Bick- 
ford family. The garrison, that Thomas Bickford successfully 
defended in 1694, stood near the water, as traces of a cellar 
indicate, in a place beautiful for situation. Here terminated 
Bickford's Ferry. Before his door passed the extensive com- 
merce and travel of a wide region. Some locate the Bickford 
garrison "a third of the distance from the shore to the brick 
house, looking from said house tow^ard the west side of the 
nearest of the Ambler islands." 

Next northwest of John Bickford and just within the mouth 
of Oyster River were the six acres granted to Jonas Bines, which 
he bought of Thomas Stevenson. The place is still known as 
Jonas' Point, sometimes corrupted to Jones' Point. Thus the 
name of a comparative nobody is perpetuated, while many 
great and worthy persons are soon forgotten. \Miat is fame? 
There is no discoverable trace of a habitation on this point, 
and the soil is comparatively barren. It was acquired by the 
Bickford family, and, 8 June 1774, John Bickford conveyed 
to his son, Winthrop Bickford, his homestead and six acres 
"commonly called Jonas's Point." 
4 



50 HISTORY OF DURHAM 

Next let us try to locate the garrison house of Charles Adams, 
who very early lived at Charles Point, or Ambler's Point, oppo- 
site Ambler's Islands. January 30, 1711/12, Rebecca Edgerly, 
daughter of John Ault, aged 71, deposed "that Charles Adams 
did possess land within the mouth of Oyster River joining to 
Francis Mathes above sixty years ago [about 1650] and ever 
since till Oyster River was destroyed and then the said Adams 
was killed and his house burned by the enemie." John Meader, 
senior, aged 82, testified at the same time to the same effect. 
In 1656 the town of Dover granted to Charles Adams twelve 
acres of land. "It beginneth at a marked tree behind his house 
lot about a hundred Rode by the hieway side that goeth to 
Oyster River Falls and runneth from that marked tree forty 
eaght Rod to A marked tree west and from that tree it Runneth 
south sixty Rode to another marked tree and from that marked 
tree where it begune it runneth south Twenty eaght Rode and 
from that tree it Runeth uppon a straight line west and be 
south or thear aboutes to the other Corner." This was laid 
out in 1671. On the loth of 2d month, 1654, there were granted 
to John Bickford ten acres "behinde the Lott of Charles Adams" 
and the same day ten acres were granted to Thomas Willey 
"behinde the Lott of Charles Adams." 

In 171 1 Joseph Dudy, or Durrell, who had married Rebecca 
Adams, granddaughter of the first Charles Adams, together 
with his wife and her sister Esther Adams, conveyed to Francis 
Mathes the home plantation of Charles Adams, estimated to 
contain eighteen acres, "bounded on the north with the high- 
way that leads from Willey s Creek to Oyster River Falls," 
together with the twelve-acre grant of 1656 above described. 
These conveyances make it perfectly plain that Charles Adams' 
garrison stood south of the present road, which is the same as 
the ancient one, and the logical place, indeed the only suitable 
place for a house, is the site of the brick house built by Washing- 
ton Mathes and now in ruins. Fourteen of the i\dams family 
perished in the massacre of 1694, and one at least, Ursula, was 
taken to Canada, never to return. The bodies of the fourteen 
were buried under a little mound close to the tomb on the east 
side of the Mathes burial ground, a pathetic reminder of the 
hardships and sufferings of those who prepared this beautiful 
land for us. 



HISTORY OF DURHAM 



51 



The next lot of land west of Darby Field, or John Bickford, 
and abutting on Oyster River, originally belonged to William 
Beard, who conveyed it to Francis Matthews, in June 1640, 
Francis Matthews was one of Capt. John Mason's colonists 
in 1634, the same who married, 22 November 1622, Thomasine 
Channon, at Ottery St. Mary, Devonshire. Since 1640 the 
land has been in the unbroken possession of the Matthews, 
now Mathes, family. The first house is said to have stood 
a little north of the site of the present one. It withstood the 
attack of the Indians in 1694. 




Comfort Mathes Camp 

Owned by Miss Fannie Pendexter Mathes. Once the residence of the late 
Benjamin and Comfort (Smart) Mathes 



Matthew Giles first owned the next lot up the river, and the 
middle of the channel of the little creek was the dividing line 
between the two Jots. " Giles old field lying between two creeks" 
is repeatedly mentioned in old deeds. He died in 1666 and his 
estate was divided between Matthew Williams and Richard 
Knight. The latter sold it to William Pitman, who willed it 
to his son, Francis, and Francis Pitman sold it to Edward Wake- 
ham, weaver, 2 May 1695. Wakeham had married Sarah 
Meader from the other side of the river and at its mouth, and 



52 HISTORY OF DURHAM 

here his son, Caleb, hved till he perished in a storm, in 1770, 
"supposed to be much in liquor," as Schoolmaster Tate says. 
The creek on the west side of Wakeham's lot was long known 
as Wakeham's Creek, earlier as Giles Creek. 

Francis Pitman sold a portion of the old Giles farm to Nicholas 
Dunn, who was taxed at Oyster River in 1680. On the i8th 
of October 1699, Elizabeth Dunn, "who was y" wife of Nicholas 
Dunn," of Oyster River, conveyed to Edward Wakeham land 
joining to said Wakeham's land, that was bought of Francis 
Pitman. N. H. Prov. Deeds, X, 369. 

The next lot west of Wakeham's Creek was first owned by 
Darby Field, conveyed by him to William Roberts, and by him 
to William Drew before 1648. Doubtless Drew was the first 
one to live here, and the place was long known as Drew's Point. 
The cellar of his garrison house may be plainly seen and traces 
of the orchard around it. The house was burned in 1694. 
Stephen Jenkins acquired this place, 10 May 1712, and sold 
it to James Langley, 5 November 17 14, and here lived several 
generations of the Langley family. This with the Wakeham 
farm eventually came into the possession of the Mathes family, 
who seem to have gradually bought everything that joined them. 

Between this lot and the next a road was laid out in 171 5 
on petition of James Langley. His next neighbor up the river 
was Bartholomew Stevenson, son of Thomas. On the nth of 
the fifth month, 1644, three acres at the Oyster Point were 
granted to Thomas Stevenson, and the neck of land opposite. 
September 3, 1680, Thomas Willey, aged 63, and Margaret 
Willey his wife, aged 65, deposed that they had lived in Oyster 
River forty years or thereabouts, that Thomas Stevenson 
cultivated his neck of land forty years ago near the Oyster 
Bank, commonly called Stevenson's Neck. This carries Thomas 
Stevenson back to 1640, evidently one of the earliest settlers, 
who had cultivated land here some years before he received a 
formal town grant. The western boundary of Stevenson's land 
was called Stevenson's Creek, into which flowed Stoney Brook 
from the southwest. Two acres of marsh near the mouth of 
Stevenson's Creek very early belonged to Joseph Field and is 
repeatedly mentioned in deeds. 

On the neck of land between Oyster River and Stevenson's 
Creek, at the extreme point is the cellar of Thomas Stevenson, 



HISTORY OF DURHAM 53 

a deep excavation, with split stone around it and an old wall 
and apple tree behind it. The gently sloping ledge in front of 
it served as a convenient landing. The place is now surrounded 
by woods. On the highest point of this neck of land are found 
in the edge of the grove bricks and indications that here may 
have once been a house. The view up the river is one of the 
very best. In about the center of the spacious field is a low 
mound, and here are found several rough oblong granite stones 
similar to those used to mark graves in early times. 

Above Stevenson's Creek a lot was granted, lo August 1653, 
to John Pillin, called also Pillion, Pillon, and Pellinc in deeds, 
"forty acres of land beinge upon the noe west side of Stoney 
Brooke." Little is known of John Pillin. John Goddard may 
have administered his estate, for he sold this lot, 6 April 1659, 
to William Williams, senior, forty acres on the south side of 
Oyster River, "butting upon a creek commonly called Stimpsons 
Creek, which was John Pillions with ye necke of land \\"^ lyes 
betweene Stoney Brooke & the IMeeting house Lott." William 
Williams and wife Agnes conveyed this lot, bounded in like 
manner, 18 June 1674, to Joseph Field. Zachary Field, brother 
to Joseph, sold it to John Davis, ii December 17 10. On the 
22d of July 1680 there was an agreement made between Nicholas 
FoUet and Joseph Stevenson about bounds of land "neare to 
ffollets now dwelling house & adjoining to Joseph Fields marsh 
and s'^ Stevensons land." This appears to be the land lying 
between Stevenson's Creek and Stoney Brook, not extending 
down to the river. See N. H. Prov. Deeds, III, 158a. 

March 26, 1701, Nicholas FoUett and wife, Mary, sold to 
Nathaniel Mcader all lands of his father in Oyster River, in- 
cluding that fenced land he died possessed of, bounded with 
the land of Joseph Stevenson "on y^ east and land of Joseph 
Field on y^ north and y^ lands of Thomas Drew on y® south." 
Meader sold this to Thomas Tootman, and it descended to his 
son, Francis Footman, and from him to his son, Thomas Foot- 
man, by division of estate in 1774, forty acres bounded on the 
west by Daniel Davis. This lot now contains the eastern 
field of Mr. Clarence I. Smart's farm, and on a little hill in this 
field may be seen the deep cellar of what tradition says was a 
garrison house. It is somewhat concealed by a clump of trees. 
Here, doubtless, lived Nicholas Follett. Not far distant in a 



54 HISTORY OF DURHAM 

northerly direction and just where Stoney Brook broadens 
into Stevenson's Creek are plain evidences of an old wharf or 
landing place, where the boats of Nicholas FoUett, mariner, 
must have been moored. 

On the lot originally that of John Pillin and later belonging 
to Daniel Davis a house once stood on a hilltop in Mr. Smart's 
field. The cellar has been filled till not a trace remains. At 
this point of view one looks down upon the slate tombstone in 
the field, where rests the body of Ivory H. Willey, who died 
30 September 1832, aged 22 years and 5 months. As much 
further beyond one sees a clump of trees and close beside it, 
at the extreme point of land, is a very old landing place, repaired 
by Dea. James Munroe Smart in his day. From this place 
have been shipped to Portsmouth many loads of quarried stone 
and of brick dug out of this farm. 1 

Not far from the main road and east of Mr, Smart's house 
is the cellar of the house where lived Abijah Pinkham, whose 
burial place with broken down marble tombstones is hidden 
from view by overgrowing shrubbery. It was walled in, a 
short distance northerly of where the old barn stood. Here 
also lies the body of his wife, Rachel (Huckins) Pinkham, and 
there are indications of several other graves. The inscriptions 
that can be read appear in the genealogical notes on the Pink- 
ham family, in this history. 

We come now to the meeting house lot. A meeting house 
was built here by Valentine Hill, in 1655, and a parsonage was 
built the following year, but the formal grant for the use of the 
ministry was not made till 20 September 1668. Then sixty 
acres were granted by the selectmen "for the meeting house and 
burying place." "It runes from ye water side next to William 
Williams sener his Lot and it Runs thear along the highway 
from the water side south west 324 rods to a whit oak tree marked 
on both Sids and from the tree it Runes south east 35 Rods to 
a pitch Pine with 4 Rod alowed ye Length for a high way and 
from that tree it Runs northeast to John Palles Lot and soe 
by it to the water side by the same point and we have alowed 
fower Rod in the Length of it for A high way to go across the 
lot. This is the Towne Lott only exsempting Joseph Fields 
marsh which is in some part of the front of it." In 1762 there 
is an article in the warrant for town meeting, "to see whether 



HISTORY OF DURHAM 55 

the town will choose a committee to settle the boundary of the 
parsonage Lott near the Oyster Bed where the old meeting 
house formerly stood." Agreeably to this a committee, con- 
sisting of Joseph Smith, Jeremiah Burnham, and Ebenezer 
Thompson, renewed the boundaries of the lot, 7 May 1774. 
"We began at the River side by a small alder And run South 
west 324 Rods (going across a Rock near the house formerly 
Stephen Jenkans Deceased) to a Saplin pine and spotted it on 
four sides and then South East 35 Rods to a Picked Rock and 
marked it T. L. and then North East 324 Rods to the River 
and then to the first bounds and we find that in runing these 
points we include about one acre of Fields Marsh (so called)." 
. . . "We have also run out Two acres of Land for the use 
of the Town aforesaid that is now in possession of the heirs of 
Daniel Davis Deceased by their liberty. We began by the 
water side adjoining said Town lot at the place where was the 
old Burying place & Run South west 29 Rods, and then began 
again at said water side and run south 67^^ East 12 rods then 
S. W. 25 rods and then to the place where the 29 rods ended." 
Here, then, were the first church and parsonage and the oldest 
burial ground in Durham, on a little plot of ground in the 
part of the parsonage lot that lies close to the river. Here is a 
slightly elevated ridge of land now covered with a clump of trees 
and bushes. Search failed to disclose any signs of graves. The 
first church must have stood near by on the river bank. The 
parsonage was probably on higher ground, but no trace of a 
cellar has been disco\'ered. Here lived the Rev. John Buss. 

The road which formed the western part of the meeting house 
lot was only a bridle path. The next lot was that of William 
Williams. Just when he settled here is unknown, but he came 
with Thomas W^iggin to Dover Neck in 1633. There were 
granted to William Williams, senior, 24 August 1651, twenty 
acres bounded then by lands of John Bickford and Mr. Am- 
brose Gibbons, "from William Williams his house to the next 
creek westward and from his house to the eastward eight 
rods." In 1665 he had a grant of twenty acres more, "to be 
joined to his house loot bounded twelve pooU by the water 
side next to the meeting house and the rest adjoining to his 
former loot backwards." William Williams and wife, Mar>\ 
and Samuel Hill and wife, Elizabeth, 23 March 1686, conveyed 



56 HISTORY OF DURHAM 

to Stephen Jenkins of Kittery land "on which the aforesaid 
William Williams now liveth, containing f forty acres as it is 
bounded between the lands called Roberts his Land on the 
North west and the High way or the Ministers Lot on the South 
east, and butting upon Oyster River." Here the Jenkins family 
lived a long time. Stephen Jenkins' house stood on or very 
near the site of the old house now standing on the hilltop, and 
William Williams lived, as the above citation shows, near the 
river bank, twenty rods west of the parsonage lot. The Mathes 
brickyard accounts for the disappearance of the cellar. 

March 6, 1743/4, John Jenkins and Rebecca, his wife, sold 
to Valentine Mathes thirty acres which he purchased of his 
father, Stephen Jenkins, bounded on "y® west or norwest side 
by land now in possession of Jeremiah Burnham and Robert 
Burnham, on y"^ north or northeast side by y'' town Lot, on east 
or south side by a high way y* leads from y® town Lot to a Place 
called Long Marsh." 

William Roberts lived on the next lot west, the same who was 
killed by Indians in 1675. He sold a piece next to the road, 
on the back side of his lot to Thomas Doughty, who sold it to 
John Cutts of Portsmouth in 1667. The place still goes by the 
name of Cutts' Hill. In 1664 Roberts gave a deed of his remain- 
ing land to William Pitman, who had been living there since 
earlier than 1657 and had, perhaps, married Roberts' daughter, 
Ann. In the sale to "William Pitman & to his Eldest son 
Ezekiel Pitman" the land is described as adjacent to "Rob* 
Burnhams lands on the north west side of it And Thomas Dow- 
ties on the South east side to a marked tree at ye lower end 
of the fresh marsh & from thence along the brow of ye Hill till 
it meet with Robert Burnhams line and from thence along 
his line to Oyster River & ye River bounds ye other end." The 
price was sixteen pounds. Here lived the Pitman family many 
years. The southerly end of the farm on the south side of the 
main road is still known as the Pitman field. 

The next lot west of Roberts' land was originally owned by 
Ambrose Gibbons, the leader of Capt. John Mason's colony 
in the settlement at Great Works, now in South Berwick, Me. 
He settled here before 1640, and on the 5th of the loth month, 
1652, he had a grant of land adjoining his marsh from the "creek 
between his land and William Roberts" to the "western creek." 



HISTORY OF DURHAM 57 

This grant of two hundred acres he willed to Henr>- Sherburne 
of Portsmouth, who had married his only child, Rebecca Gibbons. 
On the I2th of May 1657, Henry Sherburne, for £100, conveyed 
to Robert Burnham of Oyster River "one dwelling house with 
the out howses appertayning thereto with all the lands which 
the said Ambrose Gibbins Dyed possessed off," "betweene the 
Creeke upon the lands of William Pitman, formerly William 
Roberts, toward the South East and a certaync Creeke towards 
the west abutting upon said River called Oyster River towards 
the east and so runneth up into the woods towards the South 
to the quantity of about two hundred acres," "and also all 
the meadow lying in Oyster River aforesaid w'hich the said Am- 
bros Gibbins Dyed possessed ofT." See Suffolk Deeds, III, 17. 
The original deed is in the possession of S. H. Shackford, Esq., 
Boston. The land was laid out to Robert Burnham in 1661, 
one hundred rods on the river and running southwest 388 rods, 
"from the head of the creeke near William Pitmans house 
upon a south west line 388 rods long and it lieth from Benjamin 
Mathewes his lote sid south so west the breadth of this lote," 
as the Dover records say. The Burnham garrison house, — and 
probably this was the house of Ambrose Gibbons, -stood on 
the hilltop, where the old cellar may be plainly seen, as well as 
the cellar of a smaller house or out-building near by. Ezekiel 
Pitman lived within gunshot at the time of the massacre in 1694 
and hearing cries of alarm escaped with his family to the Burn- 
ham garrison, while his own house was burned. See Landmarks 
in Ancient Dover, p. 180. 

The land between the grant to Ambrose Gibbons and the 
Sullivan place was originally granted to Benjamin Matthews. 
June 26, 1682, John Mighcll of Newbury sold to John Davis, 
junior, forty acres which he bought of Benjamin Matthews, 
2 January 1673, which deed is not recorded. John Davis, 
junior, was here killed by Indians, with wife and tw^o children, 
in the massacre of 1694. Jeremiah Burnham was made admin- 
istrator of his estate in 1702. He left a daughter, Sarah, who 
returned from captivity in Canada and married Peter Mason. 
She conveyed to John Sullivan, 26 September 1771, thirty acres 
of the homestead on the south side of the highwa>- from the 
parsonage house to Durham Point. See Landmarks in Ancient 
Dover, by Miss Mary P. Thompson, p. 260. 



58 HISTORY OF DURHAM 

The fact that Benjamin Matthews owned this land is further 
evidenced by a town record, dated 9th of 9th month, 1661, 
when the lot of land granted to Ambrose Gibbons was laid out 
to Robert Burnham, "from the head of the creek near William 
Pitman's house," 380 rods long, "and it lieth from Benjamin 
Mathews his lote sid south so west," the breadth being one hun- 
dred rods. 

The early history of the next lot north of John Davis' is best 
told in the following citation from a deed, dated 29 March 1682. 
John Mighell (pronounced M-i-l-e) of Newbury sold to Samuel 
Burnham "a certain house Lott with a Dwelling house on it 
y® Lott is Layd out & bounded for ten acres as will appear by 
the return of it of y® Lott Layers, according to y^ grant of y« 
s*^ Towne, this dwelling house w*** y® Lott & all other priviledges 
& app*nances there unto belonging with a grant of four acres 
more adjoining to y® s'^ ten acres at ye south end of it, if it be 
to be found in ye records of ye Town of Dover afores*^. This 
Lott was granted to Joseph Field by ye Town of Dover & by 
him sold to James Smith of ye same town & ye s*^ James Smith 
sold this portion of land to Thomas Mighell as doth appear by 
a bill of sale under his hand the 28th day of 8th mo 1668 & 
this bill of sale was assigned to Jn° Mighell his brother to be 
as good to him, his heirs & success" as it was to Thomas Mighell." 
Witnesses, James Huckins and William Johnson. N. H. Prov. 
Deeds, III, 173b. 

This John Mighell took oath as constable of Dover 30 June 
1674. He witnessed a deed in 1669 and was a juror in 1672. 
The Mighell family still has representatives in Rowley, Mass. 

April 24, 1 718, James Burnham, son of the Samuel Burnham 
just named, sold to Samuel Smith eighteen acres which were 
sold by John Miles to Samuel Burnham, except one and a half 
acres sold to Hugh Adams. October 22, 1718, James and Mary 
Burnham sold to Jonathan Crosby land and buildings south 
of Oyster River, which had been sold by John Miles to Samuel 
Burnham. August 7, 1717, James Burnham and wife Mary 
sold to Hugh Adams, minister of the Gospel, one acre and a 
half "near to y® new meeting house near the falls," bounded 
"northward on the s^ Oyster River, northwest on y® Landing 
place adjoining to and behind the s*^ meeting house by a straight 
line running from y® Corner of y® same at the s^ River south 



HISTgRY *()|- DURHAM 59 

westerly to an heap of stones by a pine bush distant from the 
south east corner of the said meeting house just two rods five 
feet and one inch, southwestward by other hinds belonging to 
me" nine rods, then northeastward twenty-eight rods, thence 
seven or eight rods northwest by north to a Hat rock at the 
edge or brinke of the River. Witnesses, Nathaniel llill, John 
Smith, and Joseph Buss. N. H. Prov. Deeds, X, 325. 

April 12, 1720, Dr. Jonathan Crosl)y and wife, Hannah, 
sold to "Hugh Ad^ims Cler. minister of the Gospel, one and 
three quarters acres 'near ye uper Meeting house at ye first 
falls,' three rods to the eastward of his said land and two rods 
to ye southward thereof, from the southeast corner ol his home- 
stead land one and a half rods east southeast unto a Larg Pitch 
Pine, thence twenty-three rods to a Larg Black Oak, thence 
north and by west thirteen rods to the river, thence three and 
a half rods to a flat rock." Witnesses, Humphrey Sullivan, 
Thomas Wille, William Pitman. N. H. Prov. Deeds, XI, 402. 

February 4, 1741, Hugh Adams and wife, Susanna, sold to 
John Adams of Boston, merchant, a jiarcel of land at "ye Land- 
ing place near the meeting house, bounded southerly on land 
belonging to Daniel Rogers and Samuel Smith, beginning two 
rods and five feet from the southeast corner of the meeting house, 
on a straight line and southeast course twenty-two rods easterly 
to a pine tree, thence northerly by a stone wall sixteen rods, 
thence westerly by a straight line to the landing place twelve 
feet distant from ye south end of ye house belonging to Samuel 
Adams, thence on ye landing place southwesterly to ye first 
bounds by ye meeting house, with ye Dwelling house, Barn, 
orchard, etc." N. H. Prov. Deeds, XXV, 467. 

This was sold, 3 October 1764, by John and Annee Adams 
of Boston to Joseph Drew, who had married LHzabeth, daughter 
of the Rev. Hugh .Xdams, and Josei)h Drew soUl it, 4 October 
1764, to Daniel Warner. 

June 2, 1743, Hugh and Susanna Adams, for fifty [)ounds, 
sold to Samuel Adams, physician, "all ye remainder part of 
my homestead Lot or Tract of Land lying &. being in Durham 
nigh ye falls Meeting house." bounded "by land I sold to my 
son Jn° on ye South, by land of Samuel Smith Esq on ye East, 
ye River on ye North, & westly by ye High way or Landing 
place so called, on which my s'^ son Sam^ has built an house 



60 HISTORY OF DURHAM 

& barn." Witnesses, Joseph Drew and Elizabeth Drew. N. H. 
Prov. Deeds, XXVIII, 143. 

Dr. Samuel Adams lived here, in a house which he himself 
built, till his death in 1762. His widow, Rebecca Adams, 
19 December 1764, sold to John Sullivan, for 2300 pounds, 
old tenor, three acres bounded "Northwesterly on the high 
Way or landing place. South Westerly on lands in Possession 
of Joseph Drew, South easterly on lands of Joseph Smith Esq"" 
Easterly by Oyster River (so called), with the Buildings & 
appur^ thereunto belonging." Witnesses, Joseph Smith and 
Winborn Adams. 

Thus we have the history of the lot of land on which stands 
the old Sullivan house so-called, built by Dr. Samuel Adams 
some time before 1741. 

James Smith and his descendants lived on the west side of 
the road that ran in front of the meeting house after it was built 
about 1716, and here his son, John, kept an "ordinary." Later 
Winborn Adams bought a small lot here and he, too, had an 
ordinary. The Smith land extended toward Broth Hill, where 
Valentine Hill's "seven Scots" had a small grant, extending 
down to the "freshet" or mill-pond. Here lived John Hudson, 
Edward Patterson, Henry Brown, James Oar and other Scotch- 
men. Later James Smith acquired all this land. Still further 
west, on the road to Lamprey River, now Newmarket, we come 
to Denbow's Brook, near which lived Salathiel Denbow, or 
Dinsmore, as later generations write their surname. 

The land at the mouth of Oyster River, on the north side, was 
granted to Valentine Hill, 5 May 1643, "land from a Creeke over 
against Thomas Stephenson at Oyster River that hath an Island 
in the mouth of it to the head of that Creeke in Royalls Cove, 
to y* part of the North East of Mr. Roberts his marsh, reserving 
to Mr. Roberts Marsh and twenty acres of Upland, all the rest 
of that Neck we give to Mr. Hill & one hundred acres more up 
in the country." The first grant included what is now known 
as Tickle Point, where the boundary lines of Durham, Madbury 
and Dover converge to a point. The place is called in old records 
"Hills Neck." The second grant to Hill was at Wheelwright's 
Pond, in what is now Lee. 

The neck of land between the mouth of Oyster River and Roy- 
all's Cove was acquired in part by John Meader by purchase 




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HISTORY OF DURHAM 



from Valentine Hill, 20 September 1660, and a part was a grant 
to him and William Sheffield in 1656. On the northeast were 
lands of Thomas Leighton. Here John Meader had a garrison 
house and here lived several generations of the Meader family, 
many of whom were Quakers. The adjoining Leighton farm 
stretched toward what is now called Atkinson's Hill, from the 
top of which is gained one of the most beautiful views in New 
England. 




Bunker Garrison 



Valentine Hill conveyed the rest of his land on the north side 
of Oyster River and next west of Meader 's land, sixty acres, to 
John Davis of Haverhill, Mass., 14 August 1654, "beginning at 
the mouth of a creek and extending west southwest to Stoney 
Brook Cove." The cellar of his garrison house that his son, 
Col. James Davis, successfully defended in 1694 is easily found 
close to the west side of a little creek and on elevated ground. 
The family burial ground is in the field near by. 

Next west of John Davis was a grant of forty acres, made to 
Matthew Williams, who sold it to Joseph Smith, 14 September 




< 






01 



64 HISTORY OF DURHAM 

1660. On the 31st of the 7th month, 1660, there were "given 
and granted unto Joseph Smith his heirs and assigns one small 
parcel of wast land on the north side of Oyster River for a house 
lot, provided it intrench not upon anie former grant, which sayd 
land lyeth Between the lott of Matthew Willyames and the lot 
of Wm Willyames Juner." In 1693 he had a grant of ten acres 
more adjoining his land on the northwest. 

WilUam Williams, junior, had his grant of twenty acres 10 
August 1653, beginning at the mouth of a creek below Oyster 
Point. It is now known as Bunker's Creek. Oyster Point lies 
between the west side of this creek and the river. Here and on 
the opposite side of the river were the oyster beds that gave name 
to the river and plantation. Oysters may be found here at the 
present time. 

The land between Bunker's Creek and Johnson's Creek was 
granted 10 August 1653, to James Bunker and William Follett 
and later it all came into the possession of the Bunker family, 
containing 236 acres. The remains of the old Bunker garrison 
on the hill west of Bunker's Creek are sadly visible. It is a 
shame to let such a historic landmark go to ruin. 

Johnson's Creek was so named from Thomas Johnson, who 
sold a lot on Dover Neck to William Pomfret in 1639. He had a 
grant of one hundred acres of upland next to Philip Chesley's 
land. Ambrose Gibbons had permission to erect a saw mill at 
the head of this creek in 1652. Johnson died intestate and left 
no children, and his land was regranted to Stephen Jones in 1672, 
and thereafter the lower portion of the creek was called Jones' 
Creek. William Storey, or Storer, had one hundred and forty 
acres on the east side of the creek, not fronting on the river, one 
hundred acres of which were owned later by Joseph Jenkins, 
neighbor to Nathaniel Lomax, Lamos or Lummis, and the rest 
was bought by Abraham Clark. 

Jones' garrison stood on the upper, or west side of the creek, 
not far from the river. It was burned before 1732. The site of 
the garrison is made known by a depression containing broken 
bricks, pieces of pottery and of flint. It is about five or six rods 
north of the road leading to "Piscataqua Bridge" and about ten 
or twelve rods from the Chesley division line, on the plain below 
the walled burial place of the Jones family. The present house 
on the Jones farm was built about one hundred years ago. The 



HISTORY OF DURHAM 65 

farm is now owned by Dr. Alice Chesley of Exeter, whose mother 
was Harriet Dustin Jones, wife of Lafayette Chesley. 

Next west of Jones and between him and William Beard's 
land was the home land of Philip Chesley. He had a grant of 
twenty acres near Cochecho in 1644 and still earlier he had a 
house lot of three and a half acres on Dover neck, which he sold 
to Thomas Leigh ton. No evidence has been found that he ever 
lived at Lubberland, as some have asserted. He had a condi- 
tional grant in Exeter at an early date but never fulfilled the 
conditions. In 1664 he deeded to his son, Philip, the "neck of 
land" whereon he lived, excepting the half already given to son, 
Thomas. April 23, 1675, there were "laid out to Thomas Ches- 
ley ten acres of land bought of the Towne at the head of his 
fathers land upon y® neck on y^ north side of y® highway on y® 
west side of his brothers land joining to his brothers land on the 
west side and runs in length forty eight rods and y® lines run 
thirty five rods east and west." The following mutilated record 
is found in the Dover Town-book: "Laid out unto Philip Chesle)' 
Jr. . . . at the head of his fathers land upon 
joins unto Walt Jaxons land ... in breadth ye line runs 
east and . . . laid out and bounded by us this . . ." 
All of which goes to show that Philip Chesley had a "neck of 
land" between land of Stephen Jones and land of Walter Jack- 
son, reaching down to Oyster River. Here was the old Chesley 
garrison about half way between the Dover road and that to 
Pascataqua Bridge, twenty rods west from the Jones division 
wall, on a little elevation in the field of Mr. Daniel Chesley. A 
door-stone with the name of Alpheus Chesley upon it was taken 
from this place. The old Chesley burial place is north of this 
spot, on more elevated land and joining to the westerly side of a 
stonewall. 

Beard's Creek is so called from William Beard, who, as we 
have seen, sold land near the mouth of Oyster River to Francis 
Matthews in 1640. His garrison house was east of the creek on 
the road to Dover. Here he was killed by Indians in 1675. 
He sold a lot to three Scotchmen, which is thus described in the 
town records: 

Be it knowne unto all men By thcs Presence that I William Beard to geather 
with my wife Elizabeth Beard dwling in the towne of Dover in the County of 
Norfolke for and in consideration of three and Twinty pounds starling have 
5 



66 HISTORY OF DURHAM 

• 

Given granted Barganed and Soold A Sertayne Parsell of Upland and 
Meadowe lying in Oyster Rever in the presinkes of Dover in the County of 
Norfolkcll unto Robert Junkinge Edward narving and Henrey Browne to 
them thear heires and asines Exequtores and Adminestratores to have and 
to hold for Ever. The land y' Bounded by Consent of Evrey of thes parties A 
Boveminshened the River lyinge on the won end of it about Este and West 
the won sied of it Bounded by Thomas Johnsons land y lyinge near North 
Est and south west the other seid of it is Bounded By the sayd William Beards 
land and the aforesayd Robert Edward and henrey to have free Egres and 
Regres therrowe my land toward the Common Witnes my hand and Seall the 
9th I2th 1657. 

the marke of William Beard. 
Sealled and Delivered in the presence of Robert Burnum, the marke of 
John Diuell, Joseph Smieth. 

This lot was soon in the possession of Walter Jackson, another 
Scotchman, who had a grant of twenty acres, in 1666, "at the 
head of his one [own] lot betwixt the Cow path and the swamp." 

Walter Jackson sold land to Robert Watson, 14 December 
1668, and after Watson was killed by Indians and his widow, 
Hannah, had married John Ambler they sold this land, 26 March 
1703, to Philip Chesley. It measured twenty-seven and a half 
rods on Oyster River and twenty-five rods on the other end, 
which bordered on "the Cochecho path," bounded on one side 
by Philip Chesley and on the other by Walter Jackson's land. 

April 10 1675, William Beard and wife, Elizabeth, gave to 
James Huckins "gratisly and freely" a tract of land near Beard's 
Creek, adjoining land of John Woodman. There is a mutilated 
record of a grant to James Huckins, without date, as follows: 

James Huckins ten acre lott ... is layd out and bounded as fol- 
loweth two . . . joining to y« north end of his whom lott ye south 
brook which runs into y« freshet att y« head of y« creek and thence 
n . . . and by west fifteen rods to a ash tree by y bridg marked with 
I. H. and . . . y tree north north east by y high way y« comes from 
Thomas Chesley ... it come to y« high way y goes to yo head of 
Thomas Johnsons Creek . . . eastern corner of his whom lott y* 
other eight acres begins att a tree in y^ angle of y<= high way and runs nor 
nor east forty two rods by y^ high way that goes to Thomas Chesleys to a 
tree marked with I. H. and from y» tree it runs east northeast forty rods to 
a tree by y« brook marked with I. H. it runs down y« brook being y« east 
north east side bound till it come to y« high way y goes toward y head of 
Thomas Johnsons Creek. 

The estate of William Beard was divided between his widow, 
Elizabeth Beard, and Edward Leathers, whose family long lived 
here. Edward Leathers sold, in 1697, land on the north side of 



HISTORY OF DURHAM 67 

Oyster River to Joseph Smith, and Smith sold the same to Jona- 
than Chesley. In both deeds it was described as twenty-seven 
and a half rods on the river and two hundred rods deep, next 
northerly of Beard's Creek, extending to the brook on which was 
Huckins' mill, with marsh on the west of Jackson's land. Jona- 
than Chesley's old garrison house is probably the one now stand- 
ing on the northerly side of the road to Madbury, a short distance 
east and on the opposite side of the road from Dea. W. S. 
Meserve's house. The date, 1716, has recently been found on one 
of its interior timbers, but the house was probably built before 
that date. The garrison of his brother, Capt. Samuel Chesley, 
stood three or four rods east of Dea. Meserve's house. 

The following may be of interest, copied from an old paper in 
the possession of S. H. Shackford, Esq., of Boston: 

Know all men by this presence that I Elizabeth Beard ot Oystariver in y« 
towne of Dover in y< County of Dover & Pouchmoth doe make over my hole 
Estat which I now poses in Oyster River y is to say my housing & lands two 
oxsen too cous three hefers too calves too mears seven sheep six swine unto 
Robert Burnuni of oystar River in y<= towne of Dover in y= County of Dover & 
Porchmoth to improve or let out with my Consent for my uose & benefit in 
wittncss whear of I have set to my hand & Scale in y» year of our Lord: 1676 
& on y 13th day of ye 8: month Elizabeth Beard 

Her E marke 

Sined seld & Delivered 
in y presenc of us witness 

James Huckine 

Edward Lethers 

His E marke. 

Beard's Creek is fed by a brook that ran through James Huck- 
ins' land and hence is called Huckins' Brook. From the west 
it is fed by Stoney Brook (the third brook of that name that we 
have seen in our rambles about old Oyster River), and between 
Stoney Brook and Beard's, or Woodman's Creek lay the old 
estate of Capt. John Woodman, who bought land here of Ben- 
jamin Matthews in 1663, having had in 1660 a grant of twenty 
acres, "at the head of William Beard's creek." Here was a public 
landing place, and south of it, on a commanding hill, may be seen 
the ruins of Woodman's garrison house. 

The tract of land lying between Beard's Creek and Valentine 
Hill's grant of five hundred acres was originally owned by Wil- 
liam Hilton, who had a grant here of eighty-eight acres from the 
town of Dover and sold it, 7 July 1641, to Francis Matthews. 



08 HISTORY OF DURHAM 

The widow of Francis Matthews, with the consent of her son, 
Benjamin, sold it to Valentine Hill, who conveyed it to Patrick 
Jameson, ii May 1659. Jameson conveyed it to Thomas Mig- 
hill, 29 July 1669, who with wife, Bethula, sold it to John Web- 
ster of Newbury, Mass., 29 December 1670. John Webster and 
wife, Anne, conveyed it to George Chesley, 16 October 1699. 
At the request of his widow, Deliverance Chesley, and of James 
Davis the land was rebounded, 21 May 1711, eighty-eight acres 
on the north side of Oyster River, according to deed from William 
Hilton to Francis Matthews: 

Beginning at a point of land at the Creeks mouth next belo the falls on the 
north side of Oyster River Running northward towards Jonathan Woodmans 
and from the aforesd Poynt on the west side of the sd Creeks mouth it Runes 
near west and be south by the River seventy two Rods to a fence now standing 
between Land now in the possession of deliverance Chesle and an orchard in 
the Possession of bartholomew Stephenson from thence it Runs nor west 2' 
westerle six Rods and from that extent it Runes west and be south Twenty 
nine Rods to the top of the hill on the south side of bartholomew stephensons 
house from thence Leaving the s^ stephensons house on the north side and 
the Landing Place and highway at the falls with the land joining to the saw 
mill on the south side of this line and from that Extent it Runs west and be 
south 4'westerle sixty one Rods to a stake set in the ground and from that 
Extent it Runes nor nor west ninety six Rods to a stump markt W H and from 
that stump East and be north to stonie brook on the south side of Jonathan 
Woodmans orchard and so downe the aff ore mentioned Creek and from thence 
the sd creek bounds this Land on the East till it comes to the Poynt where we 
begun. 

Mention is made above of the fact that Bartholomew Stephen- 
son lived near the landing at the falls. He seems to have settled 
here by right of squatter sovereignty, and in 1710 Nathaniel 
Hill claimed the land that Stephenson was living on. The case 
in court brought out several depositions that are worth more to 
the historian than the land. Peter Coffin, aged about 79, tes- 
tified that Valentine Hill lived on the north side of Oyster River 
near the Mill and employed a great many men on his 500 acres 
and that Coffin himself was one of the employees and afterward 
was agent of Hill's estate. 

William Leathers of full age testified, 19 October 17 10, that 
Bartholomew Stevenson built a house upon "y« upland 23 years 
ago, on land now in controversy between Nathaniel Hill and s^ 
Stevenson, and was never interrupted in s^ time." 



HISTORY OF DURHAM 69 

The Deposition of Joseph Meader sen' & Stephen Jones both of full age 
Testifieth & saith that Capt Nath" Hill built a house & erected Fences upon 
a Tract of Land att y head of Oysterriver the salt River on the north side of 
y« River & lived there Peacably without any molestation by any Persons for 
twenty eight years ago or thereabouts & when Oysterriver was Part of it cut 
of by the enemy John Dean was killed by y« enemy who lived in said Hills 
house & ye s^ House was Burned by y« enemy which land s"! Hill sueth Barthol- 
omew Stevenson for & now is in controversy and further saith not. [See Court 
Filesat Concord, N.H. No. 15657.] 

February 23, 1709/10: 

The Deposition of Capt. Benjamin Matthews of Dover, aged 80 years or 
thear about, that sixty years ago or thear about my mother asked my consent 
to sell Valentine Hill that tract of land my father purchased of Mr. William 
Hilton as appears by a dedeof sale under his hand and my mother told mc that 
she sold that land to the said Hill by my consent and by surety of that sale 
the sayd Hill built upon that land for sixty years ago or theare about and the 
said Hill lived and died in peaccbell possession of that land without any moles- 
tation by any persons to the best of my knowledge, which land lieth at the 
hed of Oyster river the sallt river on the north side of that river joining to the 
saw mill that was bought by Capt. Woodman and Ste. Jones and Nathaniel 
Hill and furder saith by information Bartholomy Stevenson hasbewelt upone 
and improved part of the same land and furder saith that he never heard that 
the sayd Hill was molestet in his possession of the fresh nieddowc att Whelrits 
pond and thear about by person or persons. [Court Files No. 17101.] 

February 13, 1709/10: 

The testimonie of John Medder sen' of Dover beeing eighty years of agge 
testifieth and saith that the five hundred ackers of Land granted to Mr Valen- 
tine Hill by the town of Dover at the head of Oyster river adjacent to his 
sawmill the North Line of y« land running near aboutt the foott path going 
from the falls to Stoney Brook near Capt. Woodmans orchard soe running 
up the hill northerly between Capt. Woodmans house and A Littell barn west- 
erly of the house, I being lately upon the Spote and acquainted to the above 
premises, aboutte sixty fourc years, and further saith the westerly bounds of 
that land Mr Valentine Hill sold to Patrick Jemison begins at the salt river 
between a fence and a Littell Hill whcr plume trees grow and soe running upon 
a straight Line to Stony Brook to an elm standing near Capt. Woodman De- 
cesd orchard And the land wich ]\^r X'alentine Hill sold to Patrick Jemison is 
noe part of that land wich Capt. Nath" Hill and Bartholmew Stevenson is now 
in controversy with And I asked Mr Valentine Hill why hee would sell that 
land to Patrick Jemison, Hee answered mee because hee was A usefull man to 
mcc aboutte my mills hee was my Serv" and I would have him settled by mee 
and further saith not. [Court Files, No. 17101.] 

It appears from the above that Valentine Hill built a house on 
the north side of the river and lived in it, that his son, Nathaniel 
Hill, built another house about the year 1682, that John Dean 



70 



HISTORY OF DURHAM 



was living in said house in 1694, when Dean was killed and the 
house was burned. Nathaniel Hill probably was then living in 
the house his father built, and tradition says that the house 
built by Valentine Hill forms a part of the Ffrost house on the 
hill. This, then, must be the oldest house in Durham, and it is 
doubtful whether there is another so old within the limits of 
ancient Dover. This house must have been a garrison capable 
of resisting the Indian attack of 1694. 

As a result of the aforementioned suit possession was deliv- 
ered, 15 March 1710, to Nathaniel Hill of "six acres of land 




Head of Tide Water, Oyster River 



bounded easterly with land now in the occupation of the widdow 
Chesly, on the southerly and westerly side with the publick high 
way and a lane northerly." 

It appears as though Bartholomew Stevenson lived on the hill, 
within the limits of the town landing as afterward laid out, about 
where now stands an old white house, that a century ago was occu- 
pied by Widow Elizabeth Dutch. The house in which John Dean 
lived and which was burned in 1694 may have been under the 
hill, where an old cellar is even now plainly visible. 

The bounds of the Landing Place as laid out by John Tuttle, 
Jeremiah Burnham, Tristram Heard and James Davis, in 1703, 
further describe this region: 



HISTORY OF DURHAM 7 1 

Beginning att high water mark by George Chesley his fence, so from high 
water mark by y« fence eight rods northwesterly or as the said fence now layes, 
which isnear thereabouts, from thence west and be south twenty nine Rods to 
the Top of the hill by Bartholomew Stephenson his house, from thence nor nor 
west to a pitch pine niarkt H standing on y« east side of y« mast path which 
leads from Oyster River falls, from thence west to the fence on the west side 
of the aforesaid path, then southward as y« s^ fence now goes tell it comes to 
the fresh River above the sawmill, all which Land thus Laid out to Lay open for 
a Public Landing Place. 

Thus we come to the large estate of Valentine Hill. On the 
29th of the 9th month, 1649, there was granted to Valentine Hill 
and Thomas Beard "the fall of Oyster River," "for the Erickting 
and setting up of a sawe mill," with accommodations of timber 
for the mill. The annual rent for the same was ten pounds, to 
be paid to the town, beginning the following September or earlier 
if the mill began to run before that time. A little later Thomas 
Kemble owned a large share in this mill. On the 14th of the 5th 
month, 1651, the town granted to Valentine Hill five hundred 
acres for a farm, "adjacent to his mills at Oyster River, provided 
it doth not annoy the inhabitants, and laid out and bounded in 
y* year 1660, y^ 3rd day of y^ iith mo. bounded upon a N and S 
line from Oyster River 200 rods, and from that bound N W half 
a point westerly 320 rods and from y* to Oyster River upon a 
S. W and by S line 210 rods to y^ River and y^ River is y® bounds." 

This tract embraced the greater part of the site of the present 
village of Durham and was long in possession of the heirs of Valen- 
tine Hill. In the mill he employed his "seven Scots" and had a 
grant of four acres for their use, as has been before said. Though 
he had a house near the mill, and probably it was a part of the 
present Ffrost house, — yet in 1660 "the house of Mr. Valentine 
Hill, which is his now dwelling house at Rockey Point," is men- 
tioned in fixing the division line of Oyster River parish. This 
was probably near the mouth of the river, on the north side, since 
we have already seen that Hill owned a large tract of land there 
at this time. He also had a grant of the mill privileges at Lam- 
prey River, in 1652, with accommodations of timber on land a 
mile wide on both sides of the river, for which he was to pay the 
town twenty pounds annually. 

John Thompson, who married Sarah, daughter of Capt. John 
Woodman, about 1679, lived not far from his father-in-law. He 
had a grant of land, 2 April 1694, on the north side of Mast Road 



72 



HISTORY OF DURHAM 



in Follett's swamp. The first Thompson house was on the present 
farm of Lucien Thompson, and the road leading thereto from 
the Mast Road was just west of the new Boston and Maine 
Railroad station. His land extended to the King's highway 
leading from Oyster River to Dover through what is locally 
known as Bagdad. This was a strip directly north of the Kin- 
caid and Hill lands. Here John Thompson, senior, and succeed- 
ing generations were buried. He had a grant of two acres against 
Woodman's land in 1702 and an additional grant of land adjoining 
in 1720. Another grant was made to him in 1733. Successive 




Upper End of College Reservoir, in "Follets Marsh" 



generations had extensive grants and made purchases of a con- 
siderable part of the Woodman farm. Robert Thompson built 
his house on the corner of Thompson land nearest to the Wood- 
man garrison for protection. 

West of the Thompson land, in Follett's swamp, was land 
granted to Eli Demeritt, 30 May 1699, in exchange for land 
which had been granted to him near John Derry, ii April 1694. 
This grant was laid out, 31 May 1699, "in follets swamp and is 
bounded by four rods of Land Left for a path for cattle into the 



HISTORY OF DURHAM 73 

woods and Jonathan Woodmans Land Lying on the north side 
of it the first bounds being four rods south from a marked Hem- 
lock tree and runs south west and by south forty rods to A Bass 
tree marked and from thence norwest or there about eight score 
rods to A marked Hemlock tree marked E J and from thence it 
runs east and be north forty rods to A Hemlock tree marked 
E J and from thence where it began." Signed by John Wood- 
man, Jeremiah Burnum and John Smith, Lott Laiers. 

The above grant is now a part of the three hundred acre farm 
owned by Albert DeMeritt. The farm of Capt. George P. 
Demeritt adjoining has also been in the family many genera- 
tions, perhaps back to the first settler, Eli Demeritt. 

The location of other settlers will best be told in the chapter on 
roads. 



EXILES FROM SCOTLAND 

The fact is well known that Oliver Cromwell took ten thou- 
sand prisoners at the battle of Dunbar, 3 September 1650, and 
as many more at the battle of Worcester, just one year later. 
Those taken at Dunbar were marched down to Durham and 
Newcastle b>' way of Berwick and entrusted to the care of Sir 
Arthur Hcsclrig. Many perished on this march, and some were 
shot because they could not or would not march. They had 
little to eat for eight days. Disease swept off i ,500 in the course 
of a few weeks. One hundred and fifty were sent over to Bos- 
ton, Mass., in the ship Unity, and since a score or so of them 
settled at what is now South Berwick, Me., that place was first 
called the Parish of Unity. Many more of these Scotch prison- 
ers were sent to Virginia, and more still were sent to West India 
islands. 

The prisoners taken at Worcester were marched up to London 
and there confined for a few months in the artillery grounds at 
Tuthill Fields, perhaps half a mile west of Westminster Palace. 
Here they were allowed for daily rations a pound of bread and 
half a pound of cheese. Shelter seems to have been provided 
for the sick only. Two hundred and seventy-two of these pris- 
oners were sent to Boston in the ship called the John and Sara 
and were consigned to Thomas Kemble, a merchant of Charles- 
town, Mass. 

This Thomas Kemble was part owner with Valentine Hill in 
the mills at Durham Falls and Lamprey River. He also owned 
lands in Maine and did an extensive business in lumber. He 
saw that the young Scotch prisoners would be useful men in saw- 
mills and so he disposed of many of them in this way. Richard 
Leader had charge of some Scotchmen at the Lynn Iron Works 
and later, in 1652, took some of them with him to work in the 
mills at South Berwick, then called Great Works. 

All the Scotchmen brought in the two ships above mentioned 
were sold to planters and others who needed workmen through- 
out New England. The usual price paid was twenty pounds 
per man, and after working from five to eight years, nominally 
to pay their passage money, and to learn some trade as appren- 

75 



76 HISTORY OF DURHAM 

tices, they were given their liberty. Many of them received 
grants of land in the towns where they had worked. 

The records of Dover, under date of 5 October 1652, have the 
following: "Given & granted unto Mr. Valentine Hill, his heires 
Executors administrators or assigns foure acres of land adjoining 
to Goodman Hudsons Lott for his Scots." Later, about 1663, 
we find another record as follows, "Layd out and Bounded to 
henrey Brown and James Ore fower ackers which were given and 
granted unto Mr. Valentine Hills seven Scotes in the yeir 1652. 
Said land lyeth on the northern side of the land that was granted 
to Hudson and now in the hands of Edward Patterson." It bor- 
dered on the "freshet," that is, the mill-pond above the dam at 
Durham Falls, and was on the south side of the river, and on 
the Newmarket road. It is probable that they worked by shifts 
in the mills, having three days in the week to work in their gar- 
dens. They were not allowed to marry till they got their liberty. 
Some of them never married. Some married daughters of their 
employers. Some married Irish maids who had been kidnaped 
and brought over as house servants and to swell the population 
of the colonies. 

A study of these Scotchmen clears up a lot of mystery here- 
tofore connected with certain names that appear in early tax- 
lists of Dover and in court records. Let us see who they were. 

Nyven Agnew, called also Nivin Agneau, is called "Nivin the 
Scot" in the Dover tax-list of 1659, shortly after he got his free- 
dom. He administered the estate of James Barry, another 
Scotchman of South Berwick, Me., about 1676, and lived on the 
land that Kittery had granted to Barry. Agnew's will, 16 Sep- 
tember 1687, mentions debts due to him from James Barry, his 
predecessor. He divides his property between Peter Grant and 
John Taylor, two other Scotchmen. In the inventory of his 
estate is this item, "To a sword that Peter Grant did say he 
would give ten shillings for." Neither Barry nor Agnew married. 

John Barber was taxed in Dover in 1659 and was received as 
an inhabitant of Exeter in 1678. He had wife, "Sisly," and a 
seat was assigned to him in the church at Amesbury, Mass., in 
1667. He had at least two sons, John and Robert. John Bar- 
ber, Jr., married Anne, daughter of Robert Smart and lived on 
Hilton's Mill Grant in 1696. He had a grant of fifty acres in 
1725. His wife, Anne, made a deposition, 23 June 1759, aged 



HISTORY OF DURHAM 77 

83. They had sons, Joseph who was a soldier at Crown Point 
in 1756, and John, who was living in 1768. Perhaps this was 
the John Barber who married Jane Davis in Durham, 19 January 
1736/7. 

Robert Barber, son of John, senior, was born in Amesbury, 
Mass., 4 March 1669/70. He had a grant of fifty acres in Exe- 
ter in 1698 and was killed by Indians i July 1706. He had chil- 
dren, Abigail, Mary, Daniel and Robert. 

Henry Brown and James Orr, Oar, or Ore, lived together all 
their lives, unmarried. They were admitted as inhabitants at 
Oyster River, 10 November 1658, and w^ere taxed in 1659. They 
and Edw^ard Errin bought in 1662 "a farm at Bradboate Har- 
bour in Pischataq River at the Wadeing place, with 50 acres of 
upland." This was near the line between Kittery and York, 
called long afterward "Scotchman's Neck." In 1686 Brown and 
Orr brought suit against John Bray for carrying aw^ay their grass 
at Brave Boat Harbor. June 3, 1675, "Henry Brown and James 
Oare, Scotchmen & now residents in the township of Wells", 
bought 200 acres of Henry Sayward, at"Mowsome." In 1662 
Brown and Ore had a grant of eight score acres near " Moharmits 
marsh." October 9, 1669, James Ore of Saco Falls belonging to 
Winter Harbor, for himself and Henry Brown, sold to James 
Smith of Oyster River, tailor, land granted to them by Dover, a 
"mile and a halfe or there abouts" from Oyster River, on the 
south side of said river, eight acres. Brown and Orr lived many 
years in Wells, Me., and ran a sawmill, having learned the trade 
of Valentine Hill. They associated with them one Robert Stew- 
art, another Scotchman, and left all their property to him. 

Thomas Canyda has been already mentioned as killed by the 
falling of a tree upon him near the house of Thomas Humphreys, 
in 1660. 

John Curmuckhell came in the John and Sara from the battle- 
field of Worcester. John Cerniclc, called also Carnicle, was 
taxed at Oyster River in 1657. John Chirmihill bought land of 
John Pearce of York, 26 December 1660, and married Pearce's 
daughter, Ann. He had a grant of upland at York Bridge in 
167 1. Ann, wife of John Cyrmihill, was presented at court, 6 
July 1675, " for not frequenting the pubiiciue worship of God on 
the Lord's da\s." He died soon after this, and his w^idow mar- 
ried Micum Mclntvre of York. 



78 HISTORY OF DURHAM 

" Davey Daniel" is suspected of being a Scot. He is first men- 
tioned in the settlement of a Scotchman's estate. It is known 
that James Daniels was one of the thirty-five Scots employed at 
the Lynn Iron Works in 1653. He is also called Danielson and 
his son founded the town of Danielson, Conn. The Daniels 
family of Durham was first called Daniel. The name originally 
might have been McDaniel. The Mc was dropped, as in many 
other names, when the Scotchmen came to New England. Later 
its equivalent was added to the name, making Danielson, or 
shortened to Daniels. See Daniel family in Genealogical Notes. 

Patrick Denmark was taxed in Dover in 1662. He had wife, 
Hannah, and children found in records of Dover, viz., Patrick 
born 8 April 1664 and James born 13 March 1665. He is once 
called Patrick Denmor. He removed to Saco, Me., soon after 
1665, where children are recorded. In 1685 he petitioned for a 
grant of 100 acres in Saco, "having now a great Charge of Chil- 
dren." His son, James, married Elizabeth Littlefield of Wells. 

Thomas Doughty was received as an inhabitant of Dover in 
1658. He was born in 1630, as a deposition shows. In this 
deposition he delares that he w^orked for Valentine Hill and cut 
a road for Hill to his meadow at Wheelwright's Pond, where said 
Hill built a house and kept cattle. Hill paid Doughty ten pounds 
for cutting the road. Doughty removed to Great Works, South 
Berwick, and managed the sawmill there a short time. He mar- 
ried, 24 June 1669, Elizabeth Bulie of Saco. The Indians drove 
him from Wells to Salem, Mass., where he died about the year 
1705. He left children, viz., James who married, 10 April 1707, 
Mary Robinson in Hampton, N. H., and settled in Cape Eliza- 
beth, Me.; Joseph of Salem; Elizabeth who married Thomas 
Thomes and went to Falmouth, Me.; Benjamin; Margaret, 
who married Samuel Wilson of Maiden, Mass.; Abigail who 
married in Lynn, Mass., 28 October 1717, Robert Edmonds; 
and Patience who married Benjamin Follett of Salem, Mass. 
The descendants of Thomas Doughty are many in Maine and 
Massachusetts. 

Edward Erwin was received as an inhabitant of Dover in 1658. 
He was taxed as Edward Arrin in 1659. He with Henry Brown 
and James Oar bought land in Kittery in 1662. "Edward Irwin 
and Company" were taxed in Dover in 1662. Edward Eurin 
died in Exeter, 9 November 1667. He is called Duren and Dow- 



HISTORY OF DURHAM 79 

reing in the administration of his estate. James Kidd and George 
Veasey were administrators, and John Roy, a Scotchman of 
Charlestown, seems to have been his heir. I think he was the 
Edward Dulen, so erroneously reported in the passenger list of 
the John and Sara, and that he was captured at the battle of 
Worcester, 3 September 1651. 

William Furbish was taxed in Dover in 1659 as William Fer- 
bush. The statement that he was taxed in Dover in 1648, made 
in Old Kittery and Her Families, is an error, the result of the 
misreading of the name William Furber. William Furbish was 
in Scotland probably William ffarrabas, and a family of the same 
surname in Massachusetts is now called Forbes, once pronounced 
in two syllables. William Furbish owned land in Kittery, now 
Eliot, before 1664, and had a grant from the town in 1668. He 
died in 1701, having had seven children. He was punished in 
1681 for calling His Majesty's authorities " Divills and hell 
bound," thus showing his lasting antipathy to the rule of Eng- 
lishmen. The fight at Dunbar was not yet ended in his breast. 
His descendants are very numerous. See Old Kittery and Her 
Families, pp. 121, 437. 

William Gowen, alias Smith, was taxed as W'illiam Smith at 
Oyster River in 1659. William Smith, alias Gowin, was fined 
"for fighting and bloodshed on ye Lords day after ye afternoone 
meeting," 30 June 1668. He was on a coroner's jury at Oyster 
River in 1660. The Scotch word gowen means a smith, hence 
the change of his name. "Elexander Gowing," perhaps the 
same man, was taxed at Oyster River in 1661. William Gowen, 
or Smith, was a carpenter. He first appears in Kittery, now 
Eliot, in 1666. There he married, 14 May 1667, Elizabeth, sister 
of Major Charles Frost, and had a grant of a house lot in 1670. 
He died 2 April 1686, leaving eight children. See Old Kittery 
and Her Families, p. 468. 

Peter Grant was taxed at Oyster River in 1659. He had pre- 
viously been employed in the Lynn Iron Works. He bought 
land at what is now South Berwick, 21 October 1659. A deposi- 
tion, made 13 September 1701, calls him "upwards of 70 years 
old." He married, about 1664, Joan, widow of James Grant of 
York, though court records show that both of them had wives in 
Scotland, to whom they could not return. Peter Grant left eight 
children and his descendants are numerous. See Old Kittery 



80 HISTORY OF DURHAM 

and Her Families, p. 472. He was a member of the Scotch 
Charitable Society in Boston in 1657. 

John Hudson came in the John and Sara. He is mentioned at 
Oyster River, 5 October 1652. He settled at Bloody Point, New- 
ington. There were granted to John Hudson, 19 March 1693/4, 
ten acres joining to land he bought of William Furber. He mar- 
ried, 25 July 1689, Mary Beard. This was probably a second 
marriage. He died about 1717, leaving most of his property to 
his grandson, Hudson Peavey. 

Walter Jackson came in the John and Sara and was received 
as an habitant at Oyster River in 1658. He had wife, Jane, in 
1663, and, Ann, in 1667. For family see Genealogical Notes. 

James Jackson also came in the John and Sara. He was taxed 
at Oyster River in 1663. June 27, 1661, James Jackson was 
freed from training "by reason he hath lost one of his fingers." 
Did he lose it at the battle of Worcester or in Valentine Hill's 
sawmill? He married a daughter of John Smith of Cape Nedick, 
York, where he had a grant of twenty-eight acres in 1667, next 
to land of his father-in-law. He was probably killed by Indians, 
with his wife and two children, in 1675. He left a daughter, 
Elizabeth, who in 1685 acquits her uncle, John Smith, Jr., of 
York, from any incumbrance, dues or demands concerning her 
father's estate or concerning herself. See York Deeds, VH, 262. 

Patrick Jameson came in the John and Sara. He seems to 
have been the one who is called " Patrick the Scott" in the Dover 
tax-list of 1657. Valentine Hill sold to " Patrick Gimison of the 
same town," 1 1 May 1659, land on the north side of Oyster River, 
that later was the estate of George and Deliverance Chesley. 
The village school house is on this lot. Hill declared that Jame- 
son had been a servant of his and was useful in his mills and, 
therefore, he sold the land to Jameson. In 1664 Patrick Jame- 
son was chosen with Philip Chesley to lay out a road from Oyster 
River to Cochecho. Patrick Jennison, his mark, probably the 
same man, witnessed a deed at Kennebunk, in 1674. He was 
accused of crime at Oyster River, in 1669, and ordered to be 
sent to Boston for further trial, but the case seems not to have 
been pushed. In 1677 the administration of the estate of Pat- 
rick Gynnison, deceased, was granted to Samuel Austin of York, 
as court records at Alfred, Me., say. There is no record of any 
family. 



HISTORY OF DURHAM 8 1 

Robert Junkins was taxed at Oyster River in 1657, and as 
" Robard Junkcs" in 1663. He removed to York before 1674 
and took the oath of allegiance there 22 March 1681. He had 
a garrison house in the upper part of York, that was standing in 
recent years. The region is called "Scotland" unto this day, 
November 31, 1715, "Sarah Junckins, aged seventy years, living 
at her father's house at Cape Nedick on the north east side of 
Cape Nedick river, near the ferry place, testifieth that her father 
John Smith senior lived there 48 years agoe, as she can well re- 
member, that he lived near where Samuel Webber now lives." 
This was found among the Court Files at Alfred, Me. His wife, 
then, was Sarah, daughter of John Smith of York. He died 
about 1699, leaving widow, Sarah, and three sons, Alexander, 
Daniel and Robert. Alexander married Catherine, daughter of 
James and Margaret (Warren) Stacpole. Daniel married Elea- 
nor, daughter of Deacon Arthur Came, another Scotchman, as 
was also James Warren, father of Margaret. The Junkins name 
still exists and must be distinguished from the surname Jenkins 
of Kittcry and Durham. 

John K\e, Key, Keiay, or Keays, was taxed in Dover in 1657 
and was living at Salmon Falls, in what is now South Berwick in 
1667. He and his son John and daughter Abigail were captured 
by Indians and carried to Canada about 1689. His son, James, 
was then killed. The name of his first wife is not known. He 
married (2) Sarah, widow of Jonathan Nason and daughter of 
Reynold Jenkins. He and son, John, were prisoners at Quebec 
in 1695. Very likely this was the John Mackey, who came in 
the John and Sara. The name might be pronounced in different 
dialects like Ke and Ki, with long sound of the vowel. July i, 
I703> John Key senior, aged about 70 years, deposed that James 
Barry, Niven Agnue and John Taylor owned in succession a 
farm in upper Kitter>', now South Berwick. In his will, 1710/18, 
he is called both Key and Kye. For family see Old Kittery and 
Her Families, p. 568. 

James Kidd was fined and taxed in Dover in 1657. He had 
a grant of 100 acres, near the great pond, in 1656, laid out in 
1 7 14. He had a grant of four acres for a house lot, on Back 
River, next to Lieut. Ralph Hall, i February 1658. He removed 
to Exeter and was one of the executors of the estate of Edward 
Erring, or Erwin, 1673. He took oath of fidelity, 30 November 

6 



82 HISTORY OF DURHAM 

1677. In 1665 he had a grant of twenty acres in Exeter, next to 
Henry Magoons, another Scotchman. He is repeatedly called 
James Skid in Exeter records and as a witness to one of the York 
Deeds. His name and his associations with Scotchmen create 
the impression that he also was one of Cromwell's Scots. He 
died before 1712. 

Allexander Mackdouel or McDaniel, was taxed at Oyster 
River in 1661 , and his estate was taxed in 1663. He was drowned 
between York and Dover, 16 January, 1663, and his property 
was awarded to a kinsman, John Roy of Charlestown, Mass. 
His estate was appraised by John Tod, John Alt, Walter Jackson 
and Henry Brown. There were bills from Edward During 
and William ffurbush. The debts were to Walter Jackson, Philip 
Chesley, Thomas Dowty, Patrick Denmark, and David Danniell. 
The following deposition is found in Boston among the papers 
pertaining to the settlement of his estate: "The testimony of 
phillip Cheasly aged about forty six years saith that about ten 
dais before Ellexander magdunell was drowned being att the sd 
deponents house heard the sd magdunell say that if he died 
that he would give all that he had to his cosen John Roye livinge 
att Charlestown and further saith not." Dated 2 February, 1663. 

Micum Mclntire appears in the Dover tax-list of 1664 as "Mi- 
come the Scotchman." Micum appears to be Highland Scotch 
for Malcolm. I think that he worked in the mills at Cochecho. 
He had a grant in Kittery, above Salmon Falls, 11 December, 
1662. He settled in the upper part of York, or Scotland Parish, 
and his garrison house is still standing. Micum appears in the 
Dover tax-list of 1659. He was twice or thrice married and there 
are a host of descendants. The tradition has floated down that 
after he was taken prisoner in Scotland he was drawn up in line 
with others, that every tenth man might be shot. He saw that 
death was coming to him, broke rank and ran for life. A mounted 
officer pursued and wounded him, but his life was spared. 

James Middleton was received as an inhabitant at Oyster 
River in 1658. He was appointed administrator of the estate of 
Mrs. Ludeces of Dover Neck in 1664. He may have worked in 
the home of David Ludecas Edling, as he is called, whose widow, 
Elizabeth, died 16 November 1663. James Middleton was con- 
victed, 3 June 1659, of frequenting the taverns and quarreling 
and fighting. He was fined twenty pounds, and Valentine Hill 



HISTORY OF DURHAM 83 

was surety on his bond for good behavior. PhiHp Chesley, 
Thomas Footman and WiUiam Smith (Gowen) were convicted 
of quarreUng with James Middleton at the same time and were 
lined. Also (George Vezie was convicted of being more than half 
an hour in the tavern, at the same time, and was fined two shil- 
lings. James Middleton was east of the Kennebec in 1665, and 
16 September 1676, he, being then a resident of Great Island 
in Pascataqua River, sold to William Gowine, alias Smith, 
all right to lands on the Kennebec, especially "at Small Point, 
which I lately bought of Patricke Denmarke." See York Deeds, 
III, 67. James Middleton of Newichawanock, laborer, brought 
suit for debt against George Jeffrey of Great Island in 1683. 

James Morrey, or Murray, was received as an inhabitant in 
1658. He died at Oyster River, ii November 1659. A jury of 
inquest, impaneled by John Bickford, found that James Morrey 
was killed by the limb of a tree falling on his head. Among the 
jurors were William Smith (Gowen), Niven Agnew, Jonas Bines 
James Bunker, Thomas Stevenson, Matthew Williams and oth- 
ers, all of Oyster River. See Court Files at Concord. 

Edward Patterson was taxed at Ouster River in 1667/9. He 
is mentioned in 1660 as a voter. The following is found in Dover 
Town records: "31: 10: 1660, Granted to Edward Patterson a 
trackt of land lying between his land and the Brooke which Run- 
neth out of the long marsh on the est side of the highway from 
Oyster River fall to lamperell River and on the west side by the 
South branch of Oyster River, not intrenching on anie former 
grant, always provided that thear be a Convenient way alowcd 
to the Scochmen to thear lott." He sold this lot to William Rob- 
erts. Edward Patterson was a grand juryman in 1660. There 
died at New Haven, Conn., 31 October 1669, Edward Patterson, 
"one of the south end men." Had he wandered so far to join 
some of his own countrymen tjiere? 

William Thompson was another Scotchman, without doubt, 
as were George Thompson of Reading and Alexander Thompson 
of Ipswich, Mass., by convincing evidence. For his family see 
Genealogical Notes. 

Later Scotchmen in Durham were David Kincaid, probably 
from Campsie, in the parish of Stirling; Eleazer Wyer, son of 
Edward Wyer, tailor, from Scotland, who lived in Charlestown, 
Mass. Eleazer Wyer married Sarah, widow of James Nock and 



84 HISTORY OF DURHAM 

daughter of Charles Adams. Another son of a Scotchman was 
Dr. Samuel Merrow, born at Reading, Mass., 9 October 1670, 
son of Henry Merrow, who married Jane Walhs, 19 December 
1661. Dr. Merrow practiced medicine at Durham from 1720 to 
1733- 



DEPREDATIONS BY INDIANS 

The story of the Indian wars in New England has been told so 
many times and embellished by fancy so plentifully that it is 
ver>' difficult to add thereto statement of fact or pleasing form. 
Yet the history of Durham would be incomplete without the 
full story, and so effort has been made to bring together the 
scattered narrations of the past. 

The causes of the wars with the Indians have been sought in 
the injustices of white settlers, overreachings in trade, treachery 
of supposed friends, maltreatment of Indians, their sale into 
slavery, and like offences. There were exceptional misdeeds on 
the part of white men, and it must be remembered that not all 
the Indians were examples of childlike innocence and good-will. 
Yet there were some good Indians that were not dead Indians, 
and the majority of the white settlers treated them with justice 
and kindness. For fifty years there was little trouble with 
them, and no war would have been waged with them, in all proba- 
bility, had it not been for conflict between the people of France 
and Great Britain. These nations carried their quarrels and 
ambitions into their foreign possessions. One prize at stake was 
a continent, or a large part thereof, though neither party then 
knew the value of the prize. The French stirred up some Indian 
tribes against the English, and the English retaliated, whenever 
they could, in like manner. 

The first clash of arms was in what is known in history as 
King Philip's War. In 1675 began the depredations in Maine and 
New Hampshire. Hubbard records that in that year the Indians 
burned five or six houses at Oyster River and killed two men, 
namely William Roberts and his son-in-law. This William 
Roberts lived on the south side of the river, about two miles 
below the Falls. There is no record that any of his neighbors 
were disturbed, and he may have been away from home. Who 
the son-in-law was has not been ascertained. Five sons-in-law 
are mentioned after this date as living, and only five daughters 
have been found. He had a son, William Roberts, Jr., who is 
mentioned in Court Records before this as a simple-minded youth, 

85 



86 HISTORY OF DURHAM 

and is not mentioned anywhere after 1675. He may have been 
the one who was killed with his father. 

Soon after this, in the same year, the Indians "assaulted 
another house at Oyster River, the which, although it was gar- 
risoned, yet meeting with a good old man, whose name was 
Beard, without the garrison, they killed him upon the place and 
in a barbarous manner cut off his head and set it upon a pole in 
derision. Not far off, about the same time, they burned another 
house and barn."^ The man slain was William Beard, whose 
garrison stood "east of Beard's creek, between the turnpike road 
and the highway to Dover, a short distance from the corner. " 
Probate records declare that he died about the first of November, 
1675. Hubbard goes on to say that the same year the Indians 
"burned two Cheslies houses about Oyster River and killed two 
men that were passing along the river in a canoe and carried 
away an old Irishman with a young man taken from about 
Exeter. " The two escaped later. History does not tell us who 
the men slain were. The Chesley families were nearest neighbors 
to Beard and probably were in his garrison, when their houses 
were burned, for they survived this raid. 

The following letter was written shortly after the well known 
massacre at Cochecho, when Major Waldron and twenty-two 
others were killed and twenty-nine were carried into captivity. 
It seems that the Indians then made an attack upon some part 
of Oyster River Plantation, though the historians have made no 
note of it. The letter is found in the Massachusetts Archives: 

Hampton, July 30, 1689. 
Major Pike Sir: thes are to informe you that this last night There came 
news to me ffrom Exeter that one of Phillip Cromwells Sons came yesterday 
from oyster River where were 20 Indiens Seen and seueral Houses Burning. 
About 20 English ishued out to beat them off a many guns were herd go off but 
he coming away while it was a doing we have not as yett any account of what 
harme is ther done and we thank you for your care about our .... Al- 
though no help could be procured there is but a few could be procured with 
us the notice was so suddaine but thos that are gon went yesterday when it was 
almost night they were willing to stay no longer. When I have account 
farther from Oyster River I will send it to you not Els at present. 

ffrom your fifriend 

Samuell Sherburne =. 

'Hubbard's Indian Wars, Vol. II, pp, no, ii6, ii8. Cf. Landmarks in Ancient Dover, 
by Miss Mary P. Thompson, p. 178. 
^Memoranda of Ancient Dover, p. 269. 



HISTORY OF DURHAM 87 

The messenger above mentioned may have been a son of 
PhiUp Crommett, who is sometimes called Cromwell in the old 
records. He li\'ed at this time near the northern border of Exe- 
ter, now Newmarket. 

The next attack of the Indians upon Oyster River was in 
1689. Then the Rev. John Pike records in his Journal that in 
August "James Huggins [Huckins] of Oyster River was slain, 
his garrison taken and 18 persons killed and carried away." 
James Huckins was a lieutenant and had been one of the select- 
men of Dover. He had a garrison-house, which stood a few 
rods south of the house now owned by heirs of the late Andrew E. 
Meserve, east of the railroad and on the north side of the second 
road crossed by the railroad as it runs from Durham to Dover. 
The men slain were at work in the field which lies southeast of 
the garrison, beyond Huckins' brook. They were all buried under 
a mound which still exists in the southeast corner of the field 
which now belongs to the Coe family. The Indians then attacked 
the garrison-house defended by only two boys and some women 
and children. They managed to set fire to the roof of the garrison 
but the boys held out till the Indians promised to spare the lives 
of all. Yet they killed three or four of the children and carried 
away the rest of the inmates of the garrison, except one of the 
boys, probably Robert Huckins, who escaped the next day. 
The garrison-house was destroyed. Lieut. Huckins' widow was 
recovered after a year of captivity at Fort Androscoggin, which 
was located on Laurel Hill, Auburn, Me. 

Some details of this attack have been preserved in a letter of 
Jeremiah Swayen to Governor Simon Bradstreet, dated at Salmon 
Falls "y^" 15 1689." He says, "a house poorly fortified at 
Oyster River was taken by y® Enimie being about Sixty in y' 
compan>-; though part of cap" Gardners Comp^ lodged the 
night before at said house and were moved away about half an 
hour before y* assault and were got to Cocheacha where a post 
overtooke them and they faced about & persued y* Enimy but 
could not find them. . . . One of y® captives made his 
escape two days after he was taken, whom y« Indians tould that 
they had belcagerd y^ place three days and when they knew how 
many men belonged to y^ house «S: seeing y" all gathering corn 
came and killed them first, and then sett upon y* house where 
were onely Woomen children & two Boyes, they killed and Cap- 



88 HISTORY OF DURHAM 

tivated Eighteene persons none escapeing. " Coll. of Maine 
Historical Society, IX, 57. 

On the fourth of July, 1690, seven persons were slain and a lad 
taken at " Lamperell River, " that is, in the vicinity of the present 
village of Newmarket. Two days later, 6 July, occurred the 
battle, when "Capt. Floyd fought the enemy at Wheelwright's 
Pond but was forced to retire with loss of 16 men, " as Pike says.^ 
It was a very hot day and the men of Oyster River made all 
haste to arrive at the scene of action. Among them was James 
Smith, who lived near the Falls. Of him it is recorded that he 
"died of a surfeit which he got by running to assist Capt. Floyd 
at Wheelwright's pond." 

History gives but few details of the battle at Wheelwright's 
Pond, which was a running fight through woods, after Indian 
fashion, beginning, as local tradition says, at Turtle Pond in 
Lee and extending to the southeast side of Wheelwright's Pond 
in the same town. One hundred men, under command of Capt. 
Noah Wiswall and Capt. John Floyd, set out from Dover. The 
fight was on Sunday. Captain Wiswall, Lieut. Flag, Serg. 
Walker, and twelve privates were killed, when both parties with- 
drew from the conflict. Capt. Converse found seven wounded 
men yet alive and brought them to the hospital by sun-rise the 
next morning, says Mather. Probably all of the men at Oyster 
River who were enrolled in the militia had a part in this battle, 
as we may infer from the following petition, found in the Massa- 
chusetts Archives. 

Petition of Thomas Footman 
March the 29th 1692. 

To the honorable court now sitting in Portsm" the humble peticon of thomas 
ffootman humbly shueth that your petitioner being Imprest almost two years 
past to serve their magstys and on the first expedition was Listed under the 
honorable Capt. John floyd where upon y first flight ourcommander had (which 
was at osteriver New town) your petitioner was wounded, of which wounds 
your petitioner is not healed, nor cannot Expect to be ever Able to work to 
get a Competant Living, your peticoner being Reduced to so weake and Low 
Estate nothing to help himself for present nor for futuer no wages Reseved, 
nor non to pittea poore wounded soulder, Charritye also grone cold the doctors 
they demand money, your peticioner having for himself nether meat nor drink 
nor Cloths, makes your peticoner humble address his poore and miserable Lowe 
Condition to this Hono/able Court humbly praying Releff not doubting but 

iMather's Magnalia, App. Art., VI. N. E. Reg. VII, 156, Id., XVIII. 161. Pike's Jour- 
nal. Thompson's Landmarks in Ancient Dover, p. 180. 



HISTORY OF DURHAM 89 

this honorable Court will bee pleased to Consider Your peticconcrs Case and 
find a way that your petitioner may be Releved & your petitioner shall pray 

Thomas ffootman.* 

John Davis certified that he impressed Thomas Footman on the 
20th day of June 1690, by order of Major Vaughan, for the 
expedition to Winipisiocke. Accompanying this petition is an 
account of "Lowis and Cristan Willames," [Lewis and Christian 
WiUiams of Portsmouth] "of ther Charg to Thomas fottman 
for his tendance and seven months diate during the Cure in 
which time the said fottman was not able to put on his Cloathes 
which is 7 shilhngs and 16 pence a week." John Davis certified 
that the bill of the "Cerorgon" [chirurgeon, surgeon] was six 
pounds. 

It appears from the above that the fight began at "Newtown, " 
an undefined locality, north of Turtle Pond and extending to the 
ui)pcr part of Oyster River and towards Wheelwright's Pond. 

The French and Indians seem to have had little regard for 
solemn treaties of peace. That made at Pcmaquid was suddenly 
broken by the attack upon Oyster River, 18 July 1694, said by 
captives to have been talked of in the streets of Quebec two 
months before. Pike's Journal records the terrible event in the 
following laconic sentences: "The Indians fell suddenly & 
unexpectedly upon Oyster River about break of day. Took 3 
garrisons (being deserted or not defended) killed & carried away 
94 persons, & burnt 13 houses. This was the first act of hostility 
committed by them after y*^ peace concluded at Pemiquid." 

There were warnings that led some persons to be apprehensive 
of danger, warnings which were long remembered and interpreted 
with suspicion. Col. Richard Waldron wrote to Governor Dudley, 
under date of 22 September 1712, thus: "Cap* Davis tells me 
y* last night at oyster river in the dead of y® Night there were 
doors knock'd at & Stones flung at Some Garrisons, to find out 
who liv'd in their houses & whether any watch was kept in their 
Garrisons, as the enem\' did y® Night before Oyster river was 
Destroy 'd & Wee are well assured Some Scouts of the Enemy are 
now near us."^ 

The account of this attack as given by Dr. Belknap in his 
History of New Hampshire is said to have been drawn from 
manuscripts in the possession of the Smith family of Durham. 

* Collections of the Maine Historical Society, 2d Series, Vol. 4, pp. 382-3. 
' Collections of the Maine Historical Society, IX, 330. 



90 HISTORY OF DURHAM 

But little can be added thereto from public records and published 
histories. On Tuesday evening, 17 July, the enemy to the 
number of about 250 concealed themselves in the woods and 
divided into two bands, one for the north side of the river and the 
other for the south. The latter began the attack somewhat 
prematurely. John Dean, who lived near the Falls, on the north 
side of the river, arose before day to catch his horse, intending 
to leave home in the morning. He was fired upon and killed. 
The report of the gun was heard and warning was thus given to 
some households. The undefended fled to the nearest garrisons, 
and some were killed in their flight. Mrs. Dean and her daughter 
were captured and her house was burned. They were taken to a 
spruce swamp and left in the care of an old Indian who had a 
violent headache. He asked her for a remedy and she replied, 
''occapee," the Indian term for rum. He drank freely and she 
and her daughter made their escape. They hid in a thicket 
during the day and then went down the river in a canoe to Burn- 
ham's garrison, where they found protection. 

The next house attacked seems to have been that of Ensign 
John Davis, who lived perhaps half a mile below the Falls. He 
surrendered on the promise of safety, yet he, his wife and several 
children were killed, and his house was burned. Two daughters 
were made captive, one of whom became a nun in Canada and 
never returned. The other returned and became the wife of 
Peter Mason. A sister of Ensign Davis, who was the widow of 
James Smith before mentioned, was living at the house of her 
brother and was killed at the same time with her sons, James and 
Samuel, after having been carried into the woods. The state- 
ment has been made that the oldest son of Mrs. Smith escaped to 
the river but was there shot. This may be doubted, since John 
Smith, her son, lived to marry Elizabeth Buss and have a numer- 
ous family. Two daughters also were spared, as subsequent 
deeds clearly show. 

The next house below Davis' was the Burnham garrison, on a 
hilltop, easily defended by its situation. Hither fled Moses 
Davis, who had heard the first shot that killed John Dean. Eze- 
kiel Pitman and family, who lived only a gun-shot's distance from 
Burnham's, were alarmed by shouts. They escaped through one 
end of the house while the Indians were entering the other, and, 
protected by the shade of trees, made their way to the Burnham 



HISTORY OF DURHAM QI 

garrison, on which no serious attack seems to have been made. 
Tradition in the Burnham family says that the yard-gate had been 
left open that night, and ten Indians were sent to surprise the 
garrison. They were fatigued and fell asleep on the bank of the 
river near the house. John Willey with his family spent that 
night at the Burnham garrison. He had been kept awake by 
toothache and heard the first gun fired. He immediately closed 
the gate and shouted to the Pitman family. The shout awaked 
the Indians, who at once made the attack upon the Pitman 
dwelling. 

The next house below Ezekiel Pitman's was that of Stephen 
Jenkins, who had bought the place of William Williams. He 
lived on the hill, about where the present old house of Benjamin 
Mathes stands. On the 26th of July 1694, only eight days after 
the massacre, it was recorded in the Probate Court, that "ad- 
ministration on the estate of Stephen Jenkins of Oyster River, 
who was killed by the Indians and left several small children, was 
granted to his brother, Jabez Jenkins of Kittery, Maine. " Ann, 
wife of Stephen Jenkins, was carried into captivity and returned 
in time to give testimony in the trial of the noted Indian chief, 
Bomazeen, at Boston, who escaped with his life at this trial and 
was slain in the attack on the village of the Norridgewocks, in 
1724. The deposition of "Ann Jenkins, her within written 
testimony," dated ii June 1695, gives many details of this 
massacre. 

Ann Jenkins, of full age, Testifieth & saith, that at Oyster River, on the 
eighteenth of July last past, in the morning about the dawning of the day my 
husband being up went out of the dore, & presently returning cried to me & our 
children to run for our lives, for the Indians had beset the town: whereupon 
my husband & myself fled with our children into our corne field, & at our 
entrance into the field, Bomazeen, whoume I have seen since I came out of 
captivity in the prison, came towards us & about ten Indians more: & the sd 
Bomazeen then shot at my husband and shote him down, ran to him & struck 
him three blows on the head with a hatchet, scalped him & run him three 
times with a bayonet. I also saw the said Bomazeen knock one of my children 
on the head & tooke of her scalp & then put the child into her father's armes; 
and then stabbed the breast. And Bomazeen also then killed my husband's 
grandmother & scalped her, and then led me up to a house and plundered it 
&' then set it on fire & carried me & my three children into captivity, together 
with the rest of our neighbors, whose lives were spared, being at first forty nine: 
but in one miles goeing, or thereabouts, they killed three children, so there 
remained forty six captives. & that night the company parted & the captives 
were distributed, but before they parted I, this deponent, numbered one 



92 HISTORY OF DURHAM 

hundred and fourty of Indians&fourteen frenchmen & then, when I tooke ac- 
count, there were more fireing at Woodmans garrison & at Burnhams garrison, 
but the number unknown to me. Myself with nine captives more were 
carried up to penecook & were Left with three Indians, & that party went 
to Greaten, Bomazeen being their Commander. In nine days they returned 
& brought twelve captives: & from thence with their canoes, sometimes 
a float, & sometimes carried, untill that we came to Norridgeawocke, which 
took us fifteen dayes, & staid about two months there, then dispersed into 
the woods, twoe or three families in a place, & kept moving toe & froe, staeing 
about a week in a place, until they brought us down to pemaquid & delivered 
us to Capt. March. Bomazeen was my Master; his wife my Mistriss, untill 
Bomazeen was taken at pemaquid; after that I belonged to his wife, untill 
about two months before I was brought down to pemaquid; for then the 
Indian Minister, called prince Waxa way, bought me, when I was brought to 
great weakness and extremity by their bad usage, and showed me great kind- 
ness; by whose means, under God, my life was preserved. My mistriss was 
very cruel to me & I was cruelly whipt seaven times & they intended so to 
proceed, once a week, untill they had killed me; but that the Indian Minister 
had compassion on me & rescued me. That Indian Minister also bought 
three captives more, and freed them from their hard usage. Their names 
are Nicholas Frost, Sarah Braggonton and Thomsand Drue. 

The mark of W An Jenkins. 

Notice that the manual sign of Ann Jenkins was W. Was 
her maiden name Williams? The Nicholas Frost mentioned in 
her deposition was the beaver-trader of Kittery, now Eliot, Me. 
Sarah Braggonton was doubtless of the family of Arthur Bragdon 
of York and Thomsand Drue was Thomasine, or Tamsen Drew 
of whom we shall learn more a little later. 

Mention is made in the above deposition of a house near to 
Jenkins' that was plundered and set on fire. This must have 
been the house of the Rev. John Buss, who was at the time away 
from home. His house, which was the parsonage, together with 
the church, stood near the bank of the river, or perhaps a few 
rods therefrom, on higher ground. His family hid among the trees 
till the enemy withdrew. The church, which stood near the 
parsonage, was not burned at this time and religious services 
were held there after 1718. 

The fact that Bartholomew Stevenson was appointed, 4 August 
1694, administrator of the estates of his brothers, Thomas and 
Joseph Stevenson, leads to the inference that these two brothers 
perished in this massacre. They lived near the garrison of Thomas 
Drew, who, according to Probate Records, "was killed by Indians 
and left no will." Administration was granted to his widow 



HISTORY OF DURHAM 93 

Mary, 30 July 1694. Thomas Drew has been confused with 
Francis Drew, who married Lydia Bickford. The latler sur- 
rendered the garrison at Drew's Point, on promise of quarter. 
He is supposed to have killed an Indian, whose bones were found 
in the house after it was burned. Francis Drew attempted to 
escape and ran towards the Adams garrison but was overtaken 
by the Indians, bound and tomahawked. His wife was carried 
away and was rendered so feeble by hunger that she was left to 
die in the woods. "Administration on the estate of Francis 
Drew of Oyster Ri\'er, who was killed by the Indians and left 
no will, granted to his brother, John, Nov. 16, 1694." Two 
years later administration on the estate of Francis Drew was 
granted to his oldest son, Thomas, he being "now returned out of 
the hands of the Indian Enemy." This Thomas Drew had 
been married about six months to wife, Tamsen. and lived with 
his father. He was taken to Canada and his wife to Norridge- 
wock, whence she returned after about four years, to become the 
mother of fourteen children. The following deposition by her 
sheds further light on the massacre of 1694: 

The Deposition of Damsen Drew lately dwelling att Oyster River in Pis- 
cataqua. 

This Deponent maketh Oath that on or about the last day of August [evi- 
dently an error of memory] in the year 1694 she this Deponent being in Bed 
with her Husband they heard a great Tumult and Noise of firing of Guns which 
awakened her out of her sleep, and she understanding that the Indians were in 
arms & had encompassed the House, willing to make her escape, she endeav- 
ored & att last got out of the window and fled, but the Indians firing fast after 
her she returned to the House and her father in law took her by the hand and 
haled her into the House again, where upon she endeavored to get out at 
another window, but the Indians had besett that, so she returned to the other 
Room where her friends were, and the window of that Room being open an 
Indian named Bombazine (as she was then informed & has since seen and 
known him in the Prison at Boston) caught hold of her Arm and pulled her 
out att the Window & threw her violently upon the ground, she being then 
with child & when he had so done he went into the House to plunder, when 
another Indian named Assurowlaway (who could speak good English) came 
to her & told her she would receive no hurt & took her and carryed her into 
the woods, And further this Deponent saith not. 

The mark of D.\mson x Drew. 

Boston, May 23d 1698. 

Tamsen Drew "was delivered of a child in the winter, in the 
open air and in a violent snow storm. Being unable to suckle 
her child or provide it with food, the Indians killed it. She lived 



94 HISTORY OF DURHAM 

fourteen days on a decoction of the bark of trees. Once they 
set her to draw a sled up a river against a piercing northwest 
wind and left her. She was so overcome with the cold that she 
grew sleepy, laid down and was nearly dead when they returned; 
they carried her senseless to a wigwam and poured warm water 
down her throat, which recovered her." Belknap's History of 
New Hampshire, p. 141. Footnote by John Farmer, giving 
traditionary information obtained from John Smith. 

There were fifteen in the Drew family at the time of the mas- 
sacre. John Drew was put out of the window and escaped, proba- 
bly to be killed by Indians a few years later. Benjamin Drew 
was about nine years old. He was carried over Winnipiseogee 
and made to run the gauntlet till he was cut down with toma- 
hawks. Thomas Drew and his wife, Tamsen, lived to very old 
age and, dying about the same time, were buried in the same 
grave. 

The Matthews, or Mathes, garrison seems to have resisted 
attack and probably sheltered some of the neighbors. All houses 
between this and the Burnham garrison were, doubtless, burned. 

The Adams garrison stood south of the road to Durham Point 
and not far from the ruins of the brick house built by Washington 
Mathes. This garrison was burned, and Charles Adams and 
wife, his son, Samuel, and wife, and eleven others were killed. 
The wife of Samuel Adams, being then pregnant, was ripped up. 
They were all buried in one grave, near the Mathes Cemetery. 
A son, Charles Adams, survived his father but a few months, and 
so this branch of the Adams family ceased to transmit the sur- 
name, though descendants of the first Charles Adams are many 
in the Tasker, Nock, Durrell and Bickford lines. 

After setting fire to the Adams garrison the Indians attacked 
the garrison of Thomas Bickford at the extremity of the Point. 
Bickford 's defence of his house seems to have been about the only 
item of special interest in this massacre that the Rev. Cotton 
Mather thought worthy of being recorded in his Magnalia Christi 
Americana. He says: 

Several persons remarkably escaped this bloody deluge, but none with more 
bravery than one Thomas Bickford, who had an house, a little pallisadocd, by 
the river side, but no man in it besides himself. He dexterously put his wife 
and mother and children aboard a canoe, and, sending them down the river, 
he alone betook himself to the defence of his house, against many Indians that 
made an assault upon him. They first would have persuaded him with many 



HISTORY OF DURHAM 95 

fair promises, and then terrified him with as many fierce threatenings, to 
yield himself; but he flouted and fired at them, daring 'em to come if they 
durst. His main strategem was to change his livery as frequently as he could ; 
appearing sometimes in one coat, sometimes in another, sometimes in an 
hat and sometimes in a cap; which caused his besiegers to mistake this one 
for many defendants. In fine, the pitiful wretches, despairing to beat him 
out of his house, e'en left him in it; whereas many that opened unto them 
upon their solemn engagements of giving them life and good quarter, were 
barbarously butchered by them. 

Abigail, Judy and Elizabeth Willey were captured and were 
still in captivity in 1699. 

John Edgerly, grandson of the first Thomas Edgerly, is the 
authority for the statement that his uncle, Thomas Edgerly, 
lived at Ambler's. That must mean that he lived where John 
Ambler afterward lived, who bought, in 1703, the place where now 
lives the Hon. Jeremiah Langley. This Thomas Edgerly, Jr., 
married Jane Whedon in 1691. The above named authority 
relates that "upon hearing the Indians he, his wife, and her 
sister jumped outof bed and got down cellar, leaving their children 
in bed; the Indians came in, killed the children, and one or two 
persons living in the other end of the house were taken; they 
looked into the cellar, but did not go down. They rifled the 
house and fired it ; as soon as they were gone he put the fire out. " 
This Thomas Edgerly removed to Exeter in the year 1700. 

Thomas Edgerly, senior, sent a petition to the Governor and 
Council at Strawberry Bank. It has no date but it was consid- 
ered in Council 20 July, so that it must have been written the 
next day after the massacre. It is as follows: 

Whereas it has pleased God to cast affliction upon him and his Neighbours 
by the sudden incursion of the Indian Enemyes, having his Son wounded, 
now Remaining at Strawbery Bank under Capt. Packers hand, and his dwell- 
ing house burned, and his goods Destroyed. 

Humbly Desires your Consideration of his Low Condition and that you 
would Graunt him and his Neigh" Liberty to make the house of John Rand 
Deceased a Garrison fl'or the Security and defence of some of the Remaining 
ffamilics adjacent, and to Graunt us supply of six men, and we shall always 
pray ffor your happiness and Prosperity. [N. H. State Papers, Vol. X\'III, 
p. 640.] 

John Rand, mentioned in this petition, married Remembrance, 
daughter of John Ault, and sister to Rebecca, wife of Thomas 
Edgerly. The old farm of John Ault, bordering on Plum Swamp 
brook, had been divided between Edgerly and Rand. It stretched 



96 HISTORY OF DURHAM 

from Little Bay back into the woods, and on this farm was the 
Rand-Edgerly garrison, wherein soldiers were quartered after the 
time of the massacre, soldiers impressed from Hampton. The 
Probate Records declare that administration on the estate of 
John Rand and Remembrance Rand was granted to John Rand, 
probably their son, and that his bond, dated March 1694/5, had 
for sureties Thomas Edgerly and Edward Leathers. It is proba- 
ble that John Rand and his wife. Remembrance, perished in the 
massacre. A boy, named Samuel Rand, was redeemed from 
captivity in 1695 and Remembrance Rand was still a captive in 
1 710. Thomas Edgerly, senior, his son Joseph and a daughter 
were taken captive. The rest of the family got into a canoe and 
as they were setting off the Indians fired upon them and mortally 
wounded his son, Zechariah. Among the captives returned, 
17 January 1698/9, were Elizabeth Edgerly and Susanna Edgerly, 
while Joseph Edgerly was then remaining in captivity. He 
returned in 1706. See Coll. of the Maine Historical Society, 
2d Series, Vol. V, 516. 

Early tradition records that one Kent (it must have been 
Joseph Kent, if the tradition be true), upon hearing firing, got 
up and looked out, when he saw Indians waiting for him. He 
was so surprised that he did not stop to awake his family, but 
secured himself in a drain that led from the house, where he lay 
all day. His family were soon after aroused by the firing, about 
which time the Indians that were around the house retired to 
assist their companions, who were besieging the Drew garrison. 
This gave Kent's wife an opportunity to escape with her children. 

It seems that the Indians also molested at this time the inhabi- 
tants along the shore of Great Bay and those living on the road 
from Oyster River Falls to Lamprey River. Peter Denbow was 
carried into captivity, where he yet remained in the beginning of 
1698/9. The Indians seem to have hastened back by the same 
way they came, the main road leading from Bickford's Ferry to 
the Falls. They assembled with their captives in the meadow 
west of the Burnham garrison and, making some insulting signs, 
one of them was shot at long range. 

The following petition implies that the Indians attacked 
another part of the town : 



HISTORY OF DURHAM 97 

January 8th 1694/5 
To ye honored President & Council now sitting at New Castle, in ye Great 
Island. 
The humble Petition of William Graves humbly sueeth y* your honours 
would please to take into your consideration y<^ distressed estate and condition 
of your poor Petitioner, who at y= last desolation at Oyster River was wounded 
by y« enemie & his e-tate demolisht, who since hath been a long time with the 
Chirurgeon for cure & by y blessing of God hath arrived to a good measure 
of health; but hath not wherewithall to answear y» Doctor, nor to help him- 
self, humbly craveth some succour & reliefe therein ; whereby you will do a very 
charitable Deed and oblige him to pray for your honours prosperity, 

Your humble Petitioner 

William Graves. 
[N. H. Province Papers, II, 147.] 

There was another petition, without date but considered in 
Council 20 July, 1694, together with that of Thomas Edgerly, 
so that both must have been written 19 July 1694, the next day 
after the massacre. It shows that all the families at Lubberland 
were driven away, perhaps through fear of an attack. It shows, 
too, that in 1694 the whole shore line from Mathes',orCrummett's 
Creek, to Lamprey River was known as Lubberland. 

The condition of Luberland is such: we had a good Garrison last summer 
but was cut down and Burnt, and for want of a Garrison the Inhabitants are 
forced to leave the place and flie for Refugg. If itt were possible to save 
the place wee who know the valine valines itt at about four hundred pounds 
of provisions and movables: provided the cattle Breaks in y Corn, itt will be 
much damage. It is y» generall vote y« Capt. Matthews should com^ the 
Garrison. Our request is for 15 or 20 souldiers to assist this place. 

Belongingto the place, Betwixt Capt Matthews and Lamp . . . River, 
the contents as follows: 

Capt. Mathews Wm Durgin and three sons. 

Fran: Mathews Tho. Morris 

Jo" Benicke [Bennett] Jo° Piner [Pinder] 

Jo" Doe Hen. Marsh 

Samson Doe David Davis 

Elias Critchett Abra Benicke [Bennett] 

Jo° Cromwell [Crommett] 
[N. H. Prov. Papers, II, 147.] Jer' Cromwell [Crommett] 

Now we may follow the other party of Indians in their work of 
slaughter and burning on the north side of the ri\cr. Remember 
that all this savagery was justified under the name of war between 
Christian nations and their allies and was about as civilized and 
"glorious" as any wars have been till within recent years. We 

7 



98 HISTORY OF DURHAM 

do not tomahawk and burn enemies now; we blow them to pieces 
with shells and bombs. 

In the Jones family the tradition has been preserved that 
Ensign Stephen Jones "in the night heard the barking of dogs 
and thought the wolves were about. He got up and went some 
distance from the house to take care of swine. Returning he 
went into a flanker, got on the top of it and sat there with his 
legs hanging down on the outside. An Indian fired at him; he 
fell back, and the bullet entered the flanker betwixt where his 
legs hung. A band of Indians from behind a rock a few rods 
from the garrison kept firing on the house." The inhabitants of 
ungarrisoned houses in that vicinity fled to Jones' garrison. 
Some were killed in the attempt, among them a woman named 
Chesley. Tradition says that Hester Chesley, who married John 
Hall, escaped by jumping from an upper window, with a babe 
in her arms. One account says that five by the name of Chesley 
were shot, but these may have been killed in subsequent raids, 
tradition not being careful as to chronology. Robert Watson, 
who lived about a quarter of a mile away on land he bought of 
Walter Jackson, was killed with others of his family. His wife, 
whose maiden name was Hannah Kent, returned from captivity 
and married Dea. John Ambler. Accompanying the inventory 
of her first husband's estate are items of expense, among which 
are twenty pounds ' ' for my ransom ' ' and two pounds" to a french- 
man who promised to redeem my son therwith," "besides 
Cloathing my self when I came naked out of Captivity." 

In connection with this the following information, found in the 
records of Canada, is of interest. On the 8th of April 1697, 
there was baptized, "sous condition,'' an Englishman named 
Joseph Houatson, aged 17. On 3 June 1715, the curate of 
Boncherville baptized Marie Josef Robert Ouetsen, daughter of 
Joseph Robert Ouetsen and Marie de Mers. On the nth of 
April 171 7, J. R. Ouatsenne, son of Robert Ouatsenne and of Anne 
hesemenne (?) an Englishman of the village of Piscataqua was 
married to Angclique Benard Carignan. Here we may have a 
clue as to who was the first wife of Robert Watson of Oyster 
River, and we learn that Robert's son, Joseph, married and 
remained in Canada. 

The wife of Edward Leathers was killed and some of her 



HISTORY OF DURHAM 99 

children. A woman named Jackson was slain, perhaps Ann, wife 
of Walter Jackson. 

Edward Small found refuge in Jones' garrison. He married 
Mary, daughter of Capt. John Woodman, and soon after this 
massacre removed to Monomoit, now Chatham, Mass. The 
following letter is of historic interest: 

'Son Edward and daughter mery Smalle: A store of Love to you: by thes 
you may knowe that I received yours and that we ar not without feres of 
further trobeles by the Indons: by Reson there of: I cannot yet aduyss you : to 
macke Anny preparation: Horn ward: until wee heve further proued: thayr 
keeping of the peace : Lest your Returen should be so unsesonebl that it might 
be As much dameg to you: as your Remouing thether: thay haue not as yet: 
yousd anny Hostilety: tourds ye Englesh I have sent you A thouscnd of good 
bords by William Eldrege your brother Jonathan cannot yet sell your Hors: 
any thing Lick to the worth of Him: senc His order to sell Him wee ar all in 
Resonebel good Halth threw gods marsy : your brothers and sisters Remember 
thayer Loues to you : 

from your Louing father 

John Woodman 



Oyster River 
July 26: 1700 



This for Edward 
Smalle at monamey 



Mrs. Judith (Davis) Emerson was taken and held in captivity 
several years. Tradition says that her aged mother, whose 
maiden name was Jane Peasley of Haverhill, Mass., was captured 
and dismissed by one band of Indians. She hid in a field of corn 
and another band discovered and slew her. Among the captives 
remaining in the hands of the Indians, 17 January 1698/9, was 
Judah [Judith] Emerson. See Coll. of Maine Historical Society, 
2d Series, Vol. V, p. 516. 

The tradition is still told in Durham that Judith Emerson was 
redeemed from captivity by a Mr. Morrill for two shirts, one of 
which he took from his back. . Samuel Emerson, thinking his wife 
was dead, went to Portsmouth to complete arrangements for a 
second marriage. There he met an old acquaintance and told him 
his designs. The acquaintance, knowing that some captives had 
just arrived from Canada and that Mr. Emerson's wife was 
among them, said, " I bet a double drink of grog your wife is in 

>Iii 1889 Mr. Lucien Thompson learned of tlie existence of the original letter in the pos- 
session of Mrs. M. A. Sanborn of Barnstead. Her grandfather was Samuel Pitman of Durham, 
who married Sarah, daughter of Edward Small, and removed to Barnstead. Mr. Thompson 
had the letter photographed and has presented a copy of it to the N. H. Historical Society. 



100 HISTORY OF DURHAM 

town." The bet was taken, whereupon Mr. Emerson was con- 
ducted into the presence of his wife. It is needless to say that 
the second marriage was indefinitely postponed, and it faded 
into a traditionary possibility. The Emerson family were living 
at this time at Back River, Dover. 

Old Mr. Robert Huckins, many of whose family had been slain 
in the massacre of 1689, was killed at this time. The Jones 
garrison was burned before 1732. 

Below Jones' garrison were those of Bunker, Smith and Davis, 
all of which were successfully defended. Lieut. James Davis 
sent his family away by water and with the help of his brother, 
Serg. Joseph Davis, defended his garrison, extinguishing the fire 
applied to it. Sergt. Davis was fired upon by three Indians. 
He stooped and a bullet split a sappling just above his head. 
He shot an Indian, whose bones were found in a swamp soon after. 

The Meader garrison was abandoned and was burned. The 
family escaped by boat. Near by a man named Clark was shot 
and another man named Gellison, while he was going from one 
house to another for powder. A brother of the latter jumped 
into a well for safety and was unable to get out. He died next 
day soon after having been rescued from his hiding place. 

Three Indians were sent to attack the house of William Tasker, 
at the foot of Moharimet's Hill in what is now Madbury. An 
Indian looked into a small window and inquired if it was not time 
for them to get up. Mr. Tasker replied with a shot from his 
gun which mortally wounded the Indian, who with bitter screeches 
was carried off by the other two. The family immediately fled 
through the woods to the Woodman garrison. 

Probate Records inform us of another family broken up at this 
time, not mentioned in any of the traditional accounts. It was 
that of John Derry, who lived near WilHam Tasker, in Madbury. 
Administration on his estate was granted, 18 May 1698, to his 
widow. Deliverance, who married Nathaniel Pitman before 7 
January 1698. Her petition of the latter date "humbly showeth, 
that in the years 1694 yo' petition" House was burnt by the 
Indians and our cattle killed, as also most of our children; my 
husband, oi.e child, and yo'' Petition' taken Captives, in which 
Captivitye my husband dyed; none but your Petition"" returned." 
The child was Joseph Derry, and what became of him is not 
known. John Derry's name is among the list of captives returned 



HISTORY OF DURHAM 1 01 

17 January 1698/9, but this ma\' be an error, since there is no 
subsequent mention of him. 

Both parties of Indians met at the Falls after their raids on the 
south and north sides of the river and made an attack on the 
garrison of Capt. John Woodman, which resisted the attack and 
remained, with bullets in its timbers, till 1896, situated at the 
head of Beard's Creek. 

The following letter, dated 21 July 1694, adds some historical 
touches to the picture. It tells us who the Indian was that got 
drunk on "occapee," at the suggestion of Mrs. Dean. Mass was 
said by each of the two priests, who accompanied this expedition, 
just as Chaplains went with British and American regiments, 
and for a similar purpose. We may suppose they did what they 
could to prevent cruelty and to soften the ferocity of savages. 
We know on good evidence that some Roman Catholic priests 
and missionaries among the Indians in Maine were kind to cap- 
tives, bought them out of slavery, and secured their release. 
The place where mass was said is thought, by Miss Mary P. 
Thompson, and with good reason, to have been on a ledgy hill- 
top, not far from the Woodman garrison. The tradition that 
the priests made chalk-marks on the pulpit of Parson Buss' 
church is interpreted by her as the writing of some verse from 
Holy Writ or from the Credo. The fact that the meeting house 
was not burned during this raid is evidence that they had some 
respect for the place. 

To Gov. Phipps, 

May it pies yc Exccll. 

Since the Lft Govern" of iSthinst anoth'iscometo our hand. The Indians 
verie numerous. Not less than three hundred. Douic who signed the Peace 
was there, a woman who was Douies servant made her escape, by reason of his 
being drunck. Saith Douiedid tell her that they did e.xpect 600 Indians more, 
that the Mangwaits were joined with them, and judge some Southern Indians 
were there. There is two Fryars among the Indians who after victory said 
Mass twice, the Indians did spred 6 or 7 miles and engaged all at once. Oyster 
River in a manner Ruined, only about 20 houses left, the rest layd waste. 
Unless we have a supply of men from yourself Oyster River must be de- 
serted. If Oyster River be deserted, the Enimie will have an inlett to the 
whole Country, for the Majcst» Service and Security of the Country desire 
you would forthwith Supply us with one hundred men, with ammunition & 
Provision to be posted for preservation of these Out places. We are dis- 
patching some souldiers into our Outward garrisons, according to the ability 
of this Province upon the alarms with all expedition. We dispatched from 
the Severall Towns one third of the Militia in this Province for Releafe of 



102 HISTORY OF DURHAM 

Oyster River, but before they came here the Enimie was drawn of and 
could not be met with; its judged Eighty persons killed & taken, abund- 
ance of cattle killed. Last night three Indians seen, severall Guns fired. 
Judge the Enimie is still bordering upon us, but we want assistance to pur- 
sue them, the Enimie being so numerous. Desire that orders may be 
given to Justices and all Constables for the Dispatch of Expresses. Not 
doubting of yo' Rediness to assist us, we being ready to afforde our assist- 
ance, according to our ability, to your parts in case the Enimie should invade 
yours, 

We crave your answer by this — ers. 

By order of the Lt. Govern-- & Councill 
Wm. Redford: Dept. Secry. 

[N. H. Province Papers, II, p. 129] 

To sum up the results of this Indian raid, it may be positively 
stated that the houses of the following persons were burned, three 
of them being garrisons, viz., house owned by Nathaniel Hill and 
occupied by John Dean (The houses of Nathaniel Hill and 
Bartholomew Stevenson near by were not destroyed), houses 
of Ensign John Davis, Ezekiel Pitman, Stephen Jenkins, Rev. 
John Buss, Charles Adams, Thomas Edgerly, Joseph Meader, 
Robert Watson, John Derry, William Leathers, John Drew, 
William Jackson, and probably houses of the Chesley, Steven- 
son, and Willey families. Thus we have the sixteen houses 
and garrisons mentioned by the Rev. John Pike in his Journal. 

Among the slain were John Dean, Robert Huckins, Robert 
Watson and two or more children, the mother of Mrs. Judith 
Emerson (who was Jane Peasley Davis), sister of Mrs. Emerson, 
Ensign John Davis, wife and two children. Widow James Smith 
and two sons, a Mr. (Abraham?) Clark, two men named Gellison, 
Stephen Jenkins and child, Francis Drew and wife, Lydia, Ben- 
jamin Drew, fifteen in the family of Charles Adams, two children 
of Thomas Edgerly, Jr., grandmother of Stephen Jenkins, 
Mrs. Edward Leathers, Mrs. Jackson, Zacheriah Edgerly, several 
children of John Derry, and probably Thomas and Joseph 
Stevenson and John Rand and wife, Remembrance. Thus 
forty-nine or more are known. 

Among those carried into captivity were certainly John Derry 
and his wife and son, Joseph, Hannah Watson and her son, 
Joseph, Sarah Davis and her sister, Mary, Ursula Adams, Mrs. 
Ann Jenkins, Thomas Drew and wife, Tamsen, Abigail and Judy 
and Elizabeth Willey, Elizabeth and Susanna and Joseph Edgerly, 
Mrs. Judith Emerson, Peter Denbow and Remembrance Rand, 



HISTORY OF DURHAM IO3 

making twenty known capti\es. Thus sixty-nine or more out of 
the ninet\-four reported by the Rev. John Pike are accounted for. 
There were probably some captives, unknown by name, who 
never returned. 

Twenty sokliers were sent to defend garrisons at Oyster River, 
and Capt. John Woodman reported, 6 January 1695/6, that they 
were posted as follows: at his own garrison, 2; at Meader's, 3; at 
Davis', 2; at Smith's, 3; at Burnham's, 2; at Bickford's, 4; at 
Edgerly's [where John Rand had formerly lived], 3; at Durgin's, 
2; at Jones', 2; at David Davis', 2. 

In his fourth return, 5 February 1695/6, he reports soldiers 
posted as follows: at Meader's, 2; at Smith's, i; at Bunker's, 3; 
at Jones', 2 ; at Burnham's, 2 ; at Edgerly's, 2 ; at David Davis', 2. 

The account of Oyster River people for their maintenance of 
soldiers from 24 May 1697, unto 4 October 1697, was rendered 
by Capt. John Woodman as follows: 

Joseph Smith for 2 soldiers, 18 wcck;s,07 104 :oo; James Buncker for i soldier, 
1 8 weeks, 03:12:00; Ensign Jones for i soldier, 18 weeks, 03: 12:00; Mr. Thomas 
Edgerly, i soldier, i8 weeks, 03:12:00; John Woodman, 2 soldiers, 18 weeks. 
07:04:00. [See N. H. Province Papers, II, 253.] 

The Indians seem to ha\e had a special spite against the 
inhabitants of Oyster Ri\er, or their attacks there were so little 
opposed that they returned often for easy spoils. We are 
indebted to Pike's Journal for the following brief items of subse- 
quent molestations: 

August 27, 1696, " Da\id I)a\is killed b>- the Ind"^ at Lubber- 
land." 

November 15, 1697, "Tho: Chesley Sen: slain b>' y^ Indians 
not far from Johnsons Creek. Will Jackson taken at the same 
time & at same time made his escape." 

April 25, 1704, "Nath. Meader was slain by y^ Indians at 
Oyster River, not far from the place where Nicholas Follet form- 
erly lived." 

June I, 1704, "Samuel Tasker was slain by 8 or 9 Indians at 
Oyster River." 

August 19, 1704. "Joseph Pitman slain b\- the Indians, as he 
was guarding some mowers, not far from Oyster River IVIeeting- 
house." 

November 4, 1705. "Sab. Xath Tibbetts of Oyster River was 
carried away by the Indians about sun-set." 



104 HISTORY OF DURHAM 

April 27, 1706, "The Indians came in upon the south part of 
Oyster River, by the Little Bay, & killed ten persons, the chief 
whereof were bro: John Wheeler & his wife, John Drew, etc. 
Tis thought this was done by Bommazeen." Belknap says that 
two children of John Wheeler were slain and four sons escaped 
by taking refuge in a cave by the bank of the Little Bay. 

May 22, 1707, "Two young girls were carried away by the 
Indians from Bunkers Garrison at Oyster River, viz. the daughter 
of Thomas Drew (near 13 years old) & Daughter of Nath* 
Laimos (Much younger). This was the first mischief done by 
them in y^ year 1707." Marie Anne was baptized in Canada, 
12 September 1709, as daughter of Thomas and Mary (Bunker) 
Drew, and she was naturalized there 25 June 1713. Elizabeth 
Lomax was baptized in Canada, ii September 1707, as daughter 
of Nathaniel and Deliverance (Clark) Lomax. Thus the two 
little lost girls are found, and we learn incidentally who their 
mothers were. 

July 8, 1707, "John Bunker & Ichabod Rawlins (both of Dover) 
going with a cart from Zech: Fields Gar: to James Bunkers for a 
Loom were assailed by many Indians & both slain. The enemy 
(supposed 20 or 30 in num.) slaughtered many cattel for the 
Jones's (at same time) to the number of 15 or more." 

September 17, 1707, "Capt. Samuel Chesley, his bro: James 
Chesley & 6 more stout young men were slain by the Indians as 
they were cutting and hailing timber, not far from Capt. Chesleys 
house. The Indian y* killed James Chesley was slain on y^ spot 
by Rob: Thompson. Philip Chesley and 3 more escaped." 
The Council voted, 22 October 1707, that five pounds be given to 
Robert Thompson, and the Governor signed an act in these 
words, "ordered that Robert Thompson^ be paid five pounds out 
of the present tax for an Indian scalp lately taken by him at 
Oyster River," 10 May 1708. 

September 18, 1708, "David Kinked of Oyster River was 
assaulted by 3 Indians at his house, some considerable distance 
from Woodmans Gar: Three Guns were fired at him and his Lad, 
but (through mercy) both escaped well." 

June 30, 1709, "Bartholomew Stimpson Jun: of Oyster R. was 
Slain by an Ambuscade of Indians near Capt. Woodmans Gar." 

The Rev. Hugh Adams records that "on Friday the first day 

iGreat, great, great-grandfather of Col. Lucien Thompson. 



HISTORY OF DURHAM IO5 

of May 1724, our worthy & Desireable Elder James Nock was most 
surprisingly Shott (off from his horse) Dead and Scalped by 
three Indian Enemies. O that Christ Emmanuel may speedily 
avenge his blood upon them." This sounds like an imprecatory 
Psalm and shows that in all ages good men feel the demands of 
retributive justice. He adds, "June 17, 1722, On Wednesday, 
it being our Preparation Lecture, — Turned into a Fast on account 
of the Indian War, so severe on our Church by the sudden Death 
of another of our Members, that was slain the last Wednesday, 
Namely Moses Davis, Sen"" & his son Moses. And in the evening 
by the Indians was killed by a Shott in his head Poor George 
Chesley & Elizabeth Burnam was wounded." She died four days 
later, as the following record, dated 27 May 1724, shows, " Eliza- 
beth Burnam who was wounded by the Indians the 24th, the 
day George Chesley was killed, the evening before she died I 
baptized at her penitent request." Miss Mary P. Thompson, in 
her Landmarks in Ancient Dover, rather discredits the tradition 
that this George Chesley was engaged to be married to Elizabeth 
Burnham and conjectures that he must have been forty-five years 
of age, but the church records state that "George Chesley, 
batchelor," was baptized 24 December 1721, about two years 
and a half before this event, so that the tradition of their engage- 
ment might be well founded. He must not be confused with an 
earlier George Chesley, who was killed by Indians on his way to 
mill, 8 June 1710, leaving widow. Deliverance. 

The Rev. Hugh Adams says in a petition that "five persons in 
Oyster River were cut down in the Indian war that begun in 1722. 

Miss Thompson tells of another "young Chesle> " who was 
returning from meeting with a Miss Randall of Lee, when they 
were slain upon the Mast Road. The rock on which the maiden 
fell is said to be stained with blood "unto this day," and some 
poet has lamented her fate. ^ This seems to be a variant of the 
tradition recorded in Historical Memoranda of Ancient Dover, 
page 85. The Thomas Chesley there mentioned may well have 
been the Thomas Chesley, junior, born 1688. See Genealogical 
Notes under Cheslc\- and Randall, where it appears that there 
was no Miss Randall of Lee at the time mentioned and that all 
subsequent Miss Randalls of Lee are accounted for. The tradi- 
tion is that Miss Randall was returning from the Falls with a 
party of friends, when they were attacked by Indians. She tried 



I06 HISTORY OF DURHAM 

to escape into a barn and was shot just as she was entering it. 
She fell across the stone at the door and there bled to death. 
Mr. Chesley was greatly grieved at her death and declared that 
he would spend his life in fighting the savages. He soon had an 
opportunity to kill eleven out of a bunch of twelve, and the 
tradition properly closes with the statement that he himself was 
afterward killed by Indians. So many members of the Chesley 
family met their fate in this way, that it is not surprising that 
some conflicting reports have come down. 

To this list of the slain may be added the name of Jeremiah 
Crommett, who was killed and scalped by Indians, in 1712, 
at the upper branch of Oyster River. See Genealogical Notes. 



MILITARY HISTORY. 

This chapter can contain but Httle more than the names of the 
citizens of Oyster River, or Durham, that served in various wars 
that afflicted the colonies, after the Indian depredations already 
described. Every able-bodied man was enrolled in the militia, 
and doubtless many served in active campaigns whose names 
are unrecorded. The New Hampshire Province and State 
Papers are the sources from which the following names have been 
gleaned . 

May 10, 1 710, the report, to the General Assembly, of the 
committee on claims allowed five pounds to Robert Thompson 
for killing an Indian and endorsed the accounts of George Chesley, 
and Captains Abraham Ben nick, James Davis, and Nathaniel 
Hill. 

There is an interesting claim for "several persons under named 
for their snow shoes and mogasans which were imprest for her 
Maj*^'^ service by Capt. James Davis, by order of Col. Hilton." 
These marched to the eastward, to "Picwacket and Mariwock," 
and none of the snowshoes were returned : 

Serg. Jonathan Woodman Abraham Bennet 

John Ambler James Durgin 
Joseph Smith • Mr. Thomas Edgcrly 

Left. John Smith Thomas Drew 

Jeremiah Burnam Philip Chesle 

En. Francis Mathes Capt. James Davis 

En. Stephen Jones Samuel Waymouth 

William Jacson John Cromet 

Lt. Samuel Edgerly John Williams 

Ensign Mathews' muster roll was allowed 19 November 
1 71 2. The amount was £2 514 c?4. 

The following appear on the roll of a scouting party, under 
command of Capt. James Davis, in 17 12. Capt. Davis served 
twenty-one weeks; the men here named, selected from the rolls 
and arranged alphabetically, served ten days and their wages 
were eight shillings and six pence apiece. The men from Oyster 
River were "John Ambler, Jeremiah Burnham, Robert Burn- 
ham, Eliezer Clark, Timothy Conner, John Chesley, Jonathan 
Chesley, James Davis, Moses Davis, John Davis, Timothy 

107 



I08 HISTORY OF DURHAM 

Davis, Sampson Doe, Thomas Drew, Jr., William Drew, Joseph 
Dudey, Cornelius Drisco, Eli Demerrit, Ichabod ffollit, John 
Footman, John Kent, Benjamin Mathews, Benjamin Pinner, 
William Pitman, John Rand, Thomas Rynes, Thomas Stephen- 
son, John Tasker, Jonathan Thompson, Robert Thompson, 
Samuel Wille, and Samuel Williams." 

Salathiel Denbow, called also Denmore, served in the French 
and Indian War and had his thigh broken and skull fractured at 
Spanish River, Cape Breton. In response to his petition he was 
granted ten pounds, i8 January 1716/7, and a pension of ten 
pounds was granted him, i December 1730. 

The account of Sergt. James Nock's muster roll was allowed 
in 1723. He was deacon in the church at Oyster River and soon 
after was killed by Indians. 

June 24, 1724, Robert Burnham was admitted into the Coun- 
cil Chamber and presented an Indian scalp to the board and 
made oath that it was bona fide the scalp of an Indian slain two 
days before at Oyster River by a party of men under the com- 
mand of Mr. Abraham Bennick, and that he believed the said 
Indian was an Indian enemy, etc. Whereupon, it was ordered 
that pursuant to act of General Assembly the slayer be paid one 
hundred pounds out of the treasury and that the clerk further 
prepare a warrant accordingly, the said sum being made payable 
to Capt. Francis Mathews at the request and on the account of 
the said slayers. N. H. Province Papers, IV, 140. 

The manuscript of Rev. Hugh Adams says that 10 June 1724, 
occurred "the smiting of four Indians and getting the Scalp of 
a Chief Captain among them, who was by all circumstances of 
his learning in his writings of Devotion and lists of names of 
nine score Indians found in his minuta which I saw, and his 
Scarlet-Died, Four-Laureate Coronet, with a Tassel of four 
small bells, by the small tinkling whereof in the thickets of 
bushes his Indian souldiers might follow him," etc. Adams 
conjectures he must have been a son of Sebastian Rasle, an 
unwarranted conclusion. 

Abraham Clark's Scouting party, July 1724, contains the names 
of John Bunker, James Davis, John Brown, Clement Drew, 
William Clay, Nathaniel Denbo, Joseph Perkins, William 
Raines and Samuel Williams. 



HISTORY OF DURHAM IO9 

This copy of Capt. Samuel Emerson's commission will serve 
as a sample of those issued at that time : 

Samuel Shute Esq.: Captaine General and Governour in chief, in and over 
His Majesty's Province of New Hampshire in New England, and Vice 
Admiral of the same. 
To Captain Samuel Emerson — Greeting: 

By Virtue of the Power and Authority in and by His Majesty's Royal 
Commission to Me Granted, to be Captain General &c., over this His Majesty's 
Province of New Hampshire aforesaid. I do (by these Presents,) Reposeing 
especial trust and confidence, in your Loyalty, Courage and good Conduct, 
Constitute and Appoint you the said Sam' Emerson to be a Capt. of a foot 
Company of the north side of Oyster river in Dover in y« regment whereof 
Richd Waldron Esq is Colonel. You are therefore carefully and diligently, 
to discharge the Duty of a Captain in Leading and Ordering and Exercising, 
said Company in Arms, both Inferior Officers and Soldiers, and to keep them 
in good Order and Discipline, hereby commanding them to Obey you, as their 
Captain and yourself to observe and follow such Orders and Instructions, as 
you shall from time to time receive from Me, or the Commander in Chief for 
the time being, or other your Superior Officers, for His Majesty's Service, ac- 
cording to Military Rules and Discipline; Pursuant to the Trust reposed in you. 

Given under my Hand and Seal at Portsmouth the Twelfth day of May in 
the fourth Year of His Majesty King George His Reign. 
Annotjue Domini 1718 
By His E.\ccllency's Command 

Sam^ Shute. 
RiCH° Waldron, Clercon. 

The following list of trained soldiers on the south side of Oyster 
River, dated 5 May 1732, only ten days before Durham was 
incorporated as a town, was furnished by the late Ballard Smith 
about sixty years ago, for publication in the Dover Inquirer. 
The original paper was then in his possession. It was the third 
company in Col. Gilman's regiment and was under the command 
of Capt. John Smith, Jr. The names are here arranged alpha- 
betically for convenience. 

Abraham Bcnnet " Solomon Daveis 

Eleazer Bennet Joseph Daveis Jr. 

Eli Clark Benjamin Daveis 

Joshua Crumit Samuel Daveis 

Joseph Chesly Joshua Daveis 

Thomas Chesly Salathiel Denmore Jr. 

Jabues Daveis Richard Denmore 

Jeremiah Daveis Francis Drew 

John Daveis, Jr. John Drew 

Ebenezer Daveis Thomas Drew, ye third • 



no 



HISTORY OF DURHAM 



Thomas Drew Jr. 
Eliphalet Daniel 
Benjamin Doo 
John Doo 
Joseph Doo 
Daniel Doo 
Benjamin Durgin 
John Durgin 
James Durgin 
Joseph Durgin 
Jonathan Durgin 
Francis Footman 
John Genkins, 
John Jenkens Jr. 
Stephen Genkins Jr. 
George Gray 
John Gra 
Robert Kent 
John Langley 
John Laski 
Thomas Langley 



Hezekias Marsh 
Peter Mason 
Nathaniel Meader 
John Moor 
Jeremiah Pender 
John Pitman 
William Randal 
John Randal 
John Runls 
Benjamin Smith 
James Smith 
John Smith ye third 
Samuel Smith 
William Sheperd 
Joseph Thomas 
Stephen Wille 
Theoder Willey 
Joseph Woodman 
Jacob Wormwood 
Joseph Wormwood, 



The above list may be compared with the following made a 
few years later. "A list of all the Soldiery that be under my 
Command from sixteen years old and upward as the law directs." 
This, too, includes only those living on the south side of Oyster 
River. 

"John Smith Jun^ Cap/." 



Sargt Thomas Stevenson 
Sarg Samuel Willey 
Sarg John Grummet 
Sarg John Edgerly 
Cor. Joseph Wormwood 
Cor. Joseph Davis 
Cor. Joseph Edgerly 
Cor. John Durgain 
John Footman 
Joseph Footman 
Samuel Smith 
Benja Smith 
Joseph Chesly 
Ebenezer Smith 
Benj» Pender 
Francis Durgain 
Eliphalet Daniel 
Reuben Daniel 
John Kent 



John Kent Jun. 
Abrahan Mathews 
John Drew 
Elijah Drew 
Tho Bickford 
Robert Kent 
Tho Langley 
William Lord 
Stephen Willey 
Benj" Mathews 
Volintin Mathews 
Abraham Mathews Jun. 
Joseph Stevenson 
Abraham Stevenson 
Caleb Wakham 
Francis Footman 
Daniel Davis 
Tho Footman Jun. 
John Genikins 



HISTORY OF DURHAM 



III 



Benja Gcnikins 
Joseph Smith 
Tho Yorke 
Samue' Watson 
Joseph Gledcn 
Robert Burnham Jun. 
John Burnham Jun. 
Richard Dunmore 
Benja Davis 
Jabez Davis 
Jeremiah Davis 
John Davis 
Solomon Davis 
Ebenezer Davis 
Samuel Mceder 
James Burnham 
Ichabod Denmore 
Joseph Bickford 
John Langley 
Jobe Langley 
Hezekiah Marsh 
Will- Willey 
John Mason 
Daniel Doo 
John Doo 



Joseph Doo 
Benj« Doo 

Will™ Wormwood Jun. 
Will"> Jncks 
Joshua Crumet 
Abraham Bennet Jun. 
James Durgain Jun. 
Will™ Durgain 
Phillip Crommet 
Benja Bennet 
Isac Mason 
David Davis, 
Samuel Joy 
Joshua Davis 
Joseph Dudy 
Joseph Dudy Jun. 
Benmore Dudy 
Tho Willey 
Theodor Willey 
James Smith 
Joshua Woodman 
John Cretchet 
John Willey 
James Burnham Jun 



A true copy of the List Roll taken ye Last Training Day and 
coppycd out July ye 29th 1740. Total 86. 

Joseph Drew, Clerk 
[N. H. Town Papers, IX, 240, 241.] 

A scouting party under Samuel Miller, from 29 June to 13 
July 1744, contains the following men from Durham, Abraham 
Runals, Joseph Durgin, James Lomas, and Thomas Tash. A 
muster roll of troopers, under command of Capt. Joseph Hanson, 
dated 5 August 1745, contains the names of men from Durham, 
who scouted in the woods and found themselves horses, provisions 
and ammunition, viz., Samuel Tasker, Valentine Mathes, Samuel 
Demeritt, Thomas Willey, Thomas Leathers, Henry Hill, and 
James Chesley. 

The principal event in King George's War was the capture of 
Louisburg, on Cape Breton Island, 17 June 1745. This was, 
next to Quebec, the strongest and most important French fortress 
in America. The land forces in this expedition were commanded 
by Col. William Pepperrell of Kitter\', who was knighted for the 



112 HISTORY OF DURHAM 

exploit. Many of his troops were collected from Maine and 
New Hampshire. Col. Samuel Smith of Durham was a member 
of the provincial council of New Hampshire at that time and of 
the joint committee "on the subject of Gov"" Shirleys letter and 
some other papers laid before the Assembly by his Excellency." 
This committee reported in favor of the Louisburg expedition 
and recommended the raising of money to defray charges and 
liberal pay to volunteers, as well as the furnishing of provisions 
and transports. Col. Smith was at the same time chairman of 
the board of selectmen of Durham, town clerk, part of the time 
moderator and also the chief military officer in the vicinity. As 
councillor he had a prominent part in the emission of money to 
pay the expenses of the expedition, being on the committee to 
print the money and have custody of the plates and keys. The 
provincial records show that he was clerk and commissary of the 
various scouting parties in his vicinity and had charge of the 
snowshoes and moccasins, of which the House voted that one 
hundred pairs of each should be kept in Durham, ready for any 
emergency. 

The rolls of the New Hampshire regiments in this expedition 
have not been found. Hon. George A. Gilmore, as special com- 
missioner under legislative authority, has published a "Roll 
of New Hampshire Men at Louisburg, Cape Breton, 1745," 
and he gave the residences of the men as nearly as he could ascer- 
tain the same. Durham is given as the residence of the following 
men, Benjamin Bunker, Eleazer Bickford, Eliphalet Daniel, and 
Moses Meader. 

Benjamin Bunker was clerk of Capt. Samuel Hale's company, 
enlisting as a private 13 February 1745, and was promoted to be 
Ensign, 10 August. 

Eleazer Bickford petitioned the General Assembly for some 
allowance on account of sickness, losses, etc., and was allowed two 
pounds. Daniel Doe at the same time was allowed two pounds, 
ten shillings, because of medical treatment by Dr. Samuel Adams 
after his return. The first was a private and the second a mari- 
ner, both enlisting 13 February 1745. Daniel Doe was son of 
John Doe and lived near the Moat. 

Moses Meader petitioned for relief because of sickness at 
Louisburg, which caused his return to New Castle in August, 
where he was confined by sickness for three weeks, and in conse- 



HISTORY OF DURHAM II3 

quence he states that he has been able to do but Uttle for the sup- 
port of himself and family. He was allowed five pounds, though 
his expenses at New Castle alone had been over ten pounds. 

Col. Gilmore does not give the residencesof many of the soldiers, 
but one familiar with the records of Durham can easily pick out 
the following names of Durham men, Abraham Bennet, Moses 
Davis, Benjamin Daniel, John Edgerly, John Ealet [Eliot], 
Thomas Jones, Thomas Johnson, William Lapish, David Kinkett 
[Kincaid], John Perry, William Randall,James Smith, John Smith, 
Corp. Samuel Thompson, James Thompson, and John Welch. 

The tow^n voted to exempt from taxes for that year those who 
went on the Louisburg expedition. 

Scouting parties were sent out during the winters of 1744 and 
1745. Capt. Benjamin Mathes had command of one, n Jan- 
uary 1745. The men were Joseph W^ormwood, Gershom Mathes, 
William Emerson, Abraham Mathes, James Thompson, Joseph 
Coleman, John Leigh ton, Reuben Heard and Samuel Bickford. 
They served twenty-one days for eighteen shillings and nine 
pence each. 

On "the muster roll of eight men under the command of John 
Huggins of Durham who begun July ye nth 1745 to scout in ye 
woods from Rochester to Winnipissoke" are the names of John 
Huggins, Edward Leathers, Abel Leathers, James Brown, Moses 
Varney, Joseph Langley, Daniel Hays, Charles Baker and Ephraim 
Alley. Some of these men lived in Dover. They served fourteen 
days for twelve shillings, six pence. 

Capt. Jonathan Chesley had command of another party of 
scouts that ranged "the frontiers about Merrimack" in 1745. 
He was elected Representative and served in the House during 
most of King George's War. 

"Seargeant John Thompson" commanded another scouting 
party of eleven men around Barrington and Rochester twenty- 
eight days in 1746 and earlier. Four times money was voted 
to him and his men for such ser\'ices. 

December 2, 1747, the House "voted that ye Muster Roll of 
Joseph Thomas & twenty men under his Command scouting from 
Durham to Chester, Epsom & Nottingham, amounting to twenty 
two Pounds fifteen Shillings & gd in full be allowed." 

Scouting parties were commanded also by Samuel Randall 
and Joseph Sias. More will be said of these men elsewhere. 

8 



114 HISTORY OF DURHAM 

Capt. Jonathan Chesley was paid for guarding the frontiers, 
in 1748, with seventy-three men. Other men who served in 
such scouting parties were Ephraim Davis and Nathaniel Hug- 
gins [Huckins]. 

Capt. Joseph Bickford's muster roll, 1756, for defense of Epsom, 
contains names of Durham men, Joseph Randall, Ed. Pender- 
gast, Benjamin Hall, Gideon Leighton, Joseph Doe, and Samuel 
Bickford. 

For further information about the military rolls of this period 
see Adjutant General's Report, Vol. H, 1866, and N. H. Province 
Papers. 

The following documents are copied from the historical col- 
lections of Col. Lucien Thompson and may be of interest to the 
reader. The first document has no date, but, from the names in 
it, appears to have been written before 9 September 1757: 

Provinc of 1 To Quarter 
New Hampshire J Samuel Demeritt 

In his Majstys name you are Required to See that the men that are apinted 
to go on Duty are fited as the Law Directs Emeadately to march atta quartr 
of an ouer notis heare of faill not and you w'ill oblige your Humble Servant 

Daniel Rogers Cap', 
the men apinted are 

Stephen Wille 9 men under your 

Joseph wormwood Jun' command from 

Edward Hill Durham are 

Stephen Sweet [Swett] 

Stephen Leathers Stephen Wille Junr 

Thomas Leathers Benjam Buzell 

Jonathan Langly Stephen Leathers 

Benjamin Buzell Edward Hill 

Jonathan Rendal Joseph Wormwood Jun 

to march according to order 

The two following documents contain, in the original, the 
autograph signatures of the subscribers. They show the military 
spirit that prevailed and the undesigned preparation for the ap- 
proaching conflict with Great Britain. For drill in time of peace 
they seem to have preferred cavalry to infantry. They were 
"Gentleman Troopers," getting ready to be future officers, as 
many hoped. 

We the Subscribers Do hereby Signify our Consent & Desire to Join in a 
Company of horse that may be Raised in the Town of Durham & Parish of 



HISTORY OF DURHAM 



115 



Madbury under Such officers as may be Appointed by the Honourable Benning 
wentworth Esq^ Governor & Commander in and Over the province of ncw- 
hampshire & Do hereby manifest our Desire that Such a Company may be 
Raised & that we will be properly Equipt in a Reasonable Time to Join in 
Such a Company in witness whereof we hereunto Subscribe our names this 
27«i> Day of Sep* 1764. 



Daniel Meserve Jun 
Robert Hill. 
Beniamjn Gerrish. 
Jonathan meserve 
Samuel Jones 
John Emerson 
John Roberts Jun' 
Timothy Moses Jun' 
John Hill 
Beniam Chesia Jun' 



Job Demerit Jun«- 
Samuel Emerson 
Joseph Demerit 
Solomon Demerit 
Zachariah Boodey 
Robert Hill 
John Demerit 
Clemet Meserve Jun 
Ebenezer Miserue. 
Abednego Leathers. 



Durham, April 17, 1765. 
We the under Named Subscribers do hereby Inlist our Selves under the Com- 
mand of Captain Samuel Demerit Esq', in a Troop of horse in the Province of 
New Hampshire to Ride as Troopers under his Command of which Troop the 
Honourable Clement March Esq', is Colonel. 



Solomon Demeret 
Samuel Clark 
Joseph Jackson. 
Stephen Wille Jun' 
Giordon Mathes 
hezekiah randel. 
Robert Hill 
David Davis 'd 
Edward hill 
Thomas Lathers 
James Davis Jun' 
Mason Rendel 
Joseph Lebbey 
Jonathan Meserve 
william Rendel Jun' 
Jol) Demeret Jun' 
John Ring 
Philip yeaton 
Benning Brackett. 
Samuel Emerson. 



Timothy Moses Jun' 
John Emerson 

Trumpeter of this Trope 
Richard Hull 
James Bonely 
.Alpheas Chesley 
Joseph Wormwood 
Volintine Mathes Jun' 
Nathe Daniels 
Clement Meserve. 
Ichabod Bussell 
John Edgerley 
Joshua Wiggin 
thomas gorge 
John Williams 
David Daniels 
Jonathan Williams 
Samuel Snell 
Josiah Burley 
George tutle. 

Gentleman Troopers^ 



Il6 HISTORY OF DURHAM 



The Revolution 

On the eighteenth day of July 1774, Ebenezer Thompson, 
Esq., and John SulUvan, Esq., were elected to attend a conven- 
tion at Exeter for the purpose of choosing delegates to attend the 
General Congress to be held at Philadelphia the first day of 
September next. This was the first step taken by Durham as a 
town toward the liberation of the American Colonies from the 
oppressive yoke of Great Britain. 

Soon after contributions were sent by various towns for the 
relief of those who suffered from the Boston Port Bill. The 
following letter, dated 21 November 1774, shows Durham's 
sympathy with "suffering brethren in Boston." 

Gentlemen: We take pleasure in transmitting to you by Mr. Scammell 
a few cattle, with a small sum of money, which a number of persons in this 
place, tenderly sympathizing with our suffering brethren in Boston, have con- 
tributed towards their support. With this, or soon after, you will receive 
the donations of a number in Lee, a parish lately set off from this Town, and 
in a few days those of Dover, Newmarket, & other adjacent Towns. What you 
herewith receive comes not from the opulent, but mostly from the industrious 
yeomanry in this parish. We have but a few persons of affluent fortunes 
among us, but those have most cheerfully contributed to the relief of the dis- 
tressed in your metropolis. 

This is considered by us, not as a gift, or an act of charity, but of justice, 
as a small part of what we are in duty bound to communicate to those truly 
noble & patriotic advocates of American freedom, who are bravely standing 
in the gap between us & slavery, defending the common interests of a whole 
continent and gloriously struggling in the cause of liberty. Upon you the eyes 
of all America are fixed. Upon your invincible patience, fortitude & resolution 
(under God) depends all that is dear to them and their posterity. May that 
superintendent gracious Being, whose ears are ever open to the cry of the op- 
pressed, in answer to the incessant prayers of his people, defend our just cause, 
turn the counsels of our enemies into foolishness, deliver us from the hands 
of our oppressors and make those very measures, by which they are endeavor- 
ing to compass our destruction, the means of fixing our invaluable rights & 
privileges upon a more firm <& lasting basis. 

While with the most painful sensations we reflect that prior to the commence- 
ment of the evils which now surround us, supineness & inattention to our com- 
mon interests had so far prevailed, as almost wholly to sink in luxury & dissi- 
pation the inhabitants of these Colonies; we are bound to acknowledge the 
divine wisdom & goodness, which by these calamities roused us from our 
lethargy, and taught us to defend those inestimable liberties, which otherwise 
must have been forever lost to us & our posterity; and to evince his determina- 



HISTORY OF DURHAM II7 

tion to save America, directed the attacks of our enemies to that quarter 
where the virtue & firmness of the inhabitants could brave the shafts of mili- 
tary tyrants, and set at defiance the threats of an exasperated & despotic 
minister. 

\Vc are pleased to find, that the methods by which the ministry sought to 
divide, have happily united us, and by every new act of oppression, more & 
more strengthened union. And we can, with truth, assure you, gentlemen, 
that in this quarter we are engaged, to a man, in your defence, and in defence 
of the common cause. We are ready to communicate of our substance largely, 
as your necessities require; and, with our estates, to give our lives & mingle 
our blood with yours, in the common sacrifice to liberty. And since we have 
no asylum on earth, to which we may fly: before we will submit to wear the 
chains of slavery a profligate & arbitrary ministry are preparing for us, we are 
determined upon an emigration through the gate of death, in hope of inheriting 
the fair land of promise and participating with our forefathers in the glorious 
liberty of the Sons of God. 

That Heaven may support you, under your distressing circumstances, and 
send you a speedy and happy deliverance from your present troubles, is the 
earnest prayer of. Gentlemen, your cordial friends and very humble servants, 

John Adams, 

John Sullivan, Committee. 

[IMass. Hist. Col'., Fourth Series, Vol. I., p. 144.] 

It is probable that this letter was composed and written by the 
Rev. John Adams, in consultation with John Sullivan and many 
others in Durham. Note the unanimity of sentiment expressed. 
It is a noble document, and the church and town should be proud 
and grateful that a man of such spirit and abilities was a leader 
among them at a critical time. John Sullivan wielded the sword 
and earned all the honors he has received. John Adams remained 
in the work of the Christian ministry, serving his country as 
faithfully as the other, and four 3'ears later was forced out of 
Durham by a false and slanderous tongue. Is the pen mightier 
than the sword? This eloquent epistle is worthy to be ranked 
with the utterances of the most famous orators and patriots of 
revolutionary times. 

On the twenty-third of the following November a town meet- 
ing was called "to make choice of committee to observe the con- 
duct of All persons touching the association of the late American 
Congress held at Philadelphia and to proceed with those who 
Violate the same in the way pointed out by the said Congress." 
This meeting convened at two o'clock of the afternoon of 28 No- 
vember 1774 and adjourned to the house of Lieut. Winborn 



Il8 HISTORY OF DURHAM 

Adams, who lived just across the road from the meeting house, 
possibly because it was late in the year and those assembled 
could keep warm more easily in Adams' house, for meeting houses 
then had neither stoves nor chimneys. The record of the meeting 
is as follows, lacking somewhat in clearness. No Association 
Test, signed by inhabitants of Durham, is found in the office of 
Secretary of State of New Hampshire, though eighty-six towns 
are so represented : 

There James Gilmor Esq'. Valentine Mathes Esq^. George Frost Esq'. Jno 
Sullivan Esq^ Ebenezer Thompson Esq^ Capt. Thomas Chesley, Jn" Smith 
3d. Majf Stephen Jones. Voted that Majr Jones be Excused from serving 
Tho» Hardy chose. Mr Jonathan Chesley Lt. Winborn Adams Mr Moses 
Emerson Mr Alexander Scammell Mr Stephen Cogan Mr Joseph Stevens — 
chosen a Committee for the purpose within mentioned. Maj' Stephen Jones 
put to Vote again and rechosen and Mr. John Griffin Jeremiah Burnum Lt. 
Samuel Chesley Doctor Samuel Wigglesworth Jonathan Woodman 3<f Nath' 
Hill Timothy Medar Nathi Demerit & Francis Mathes — -Voted Rev* John 
Adams Ebenezer Thompson Esq' Major Sullivan Jn° Smith 3'i and Mr 
Moses Emerson be a Committee of Correspondence to Correspond with the 
Committees of the severall Towns in this find the other Governments in 
British America, the Determination of three of the s'' Committee to be suffi- 
cient. Resolved that the select Men of Durham ought forthwith to add to 
the Town stock of Powder so as to make it up 200 lbs and to lay in 400 lb 
bullets & 500 flints. 

Last Monday of each month to meet. Mr Emerson chosen Chairman of 
the Committee of Inspection. [Town Records, Vol. H, p. 94.] 

The opportunity to add to the town's stock of powder soon 
presented itself. Down at New Castle, at the mouth of the 
Pascataqua River, stood Fort William and Mary, known to con- 
tain valuable military stores. On the thirteenth of December, 
1774, Paul Revere brought to Portsmouth a message from the 
Committee in Boston, that troops were to be sent to reinforce the 
fort, and that orders in the King's Council prohibited the ex- 
portation of gunpowder and military stores to America. Gov. 
Wentworth sent word to Captain John Cochran, who commanded 
only five men at the fort, to be on his guard. He put three four- 
pounders where he thought they would do the most good and 
awaited the expected assault. 

On the fourteenth of December about four hundred men 
assembled in Portsmouth under the leadership of Hon. John 
Langdon. Tradition says that Thomas Pickering also had a 



HISTORY OF DURHAM 1 19 

leading part, for which the evidence is not so full. They went 
to the fort in gondolas and naturally did not face the cannon's 
mouth, when there was an easier way of approach. The cannon 
and small arms were discharged at command of Capt. Cochran, 
but nobody was hurt. Indeed, he probably aimed so as to hurt 
nobody, thus saving himself and his men from harm. Capt. 
Cochran reported in writing, "Before we could be ready to fire 
again, w^e were stormed on all quarters, and they immediately 
secured both me and my men, and kept us prisoners about one 
hour and a half, during which time they broke open the powder- 
house and took all the powder away, except one barrel; and hav- 
ing put it into boats and sent it off, they released me from 
confinement." This was written the very day of the assault and 
is, doubtless, literally true. 

About one hundred barrels of gunpowder — the number varies 
a little in different statements — were sent to Maj. John Sullivan 
at Durham, which he deposited in places of security, as he after- 
ward wrote. He further says, " I went down with a large number 
of men and in the night following went in person with gondolas, 
took possession of the fort, brought away the remainder of the 
powder, the small arms, bayonets, and cartouch-boxes, together 
with the cannon and ordnance stores; was out all night, and 
returned to Portsmouth next day. I might here add that I 
bore the expense of all the party. The gondolas, with the stores, 
were brought to Durham, after several days spent in cutting the 
ice, Durham river being then frozen over; the cannon, etc., was 
then deposited in places of security. These are facts known to 
almost every person in the State." This was published in the 
New Hampshire Mercury, 3 May 1785. 

It appears, then, that the Durham people had no part in the 
first assault on Fort William and Mary, and that the second as- 
sault, by the company from Durham under the leadership of 
Maj. John Sullivan, during the night of 15 December 1774, met 
with no resistance. Effort has been made by writers of prose and 
of poetry to magnify this deed and to secure honor therefor to 
various towns. That four hundred men should overcome six 
men, who made onlv a feint of resistance, is not in itself a deed 






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HISTORY OF DURHAM 121 

to boast of. There was no fighting, no danger, no display of 
bravery. The courage required was not physical, but moral. 
It was an aggressive act of rebellion against the strongest nation 
on earth. If the revolt failed, the leaders at least knew that they 
would lose their lives, but they knew well that the thirteen colo- 
nies were with them in this enterprise. It was one of the first 
public acts in the great struggle for national independence. If 
there had been a little blood shed on both sides, this would have 
been celebrated even more than the fight at Concord and Lexing- 
ton. Somebody must be killed before war becomes glorious. 
Such at least is the verdict of history. 

The powder was stored first in the meeting house at Durham 
Falls, as uniform tradition says; some have said under the pulpit; 
others, in the cellar; but the meeting houses of that time had no 
cellars. One hundred barrels of gunpowder would probably 
not remain in or under the meeting house over the Sabbath. 
The thought of it would disturb the peaceful devotions of the 
worshipers. It was speedily removed and distributed in several 
towns. Some of it was stored at the house of Hon. Ebenezer 
Thompson, and more was carried to the home of Maj. John 
Demerit, who lived in Madbury. The exact site of the building, 
where the powder entrusted to him was kept, is now pointed out. 
The tradition that he hauled with an ox-team some of this powder 
to be used at the battle of Bunker Hill seems to be trustworthy. 
That some of it was sent later to Winter Hill at the request of Gen. 
Sullivan is clear by historical evidence. The arms brought from 
the fort to Durham were repaired and put in order, as appears 
from a town record under date of 31 March 1783, "Voted that 
the select men Be directed to allow Thomas Wille 20/9 in full 
for repairing the guns brought from Fort Wm and Mary." 

The men who went down to the fort from Durham are men- 
tioned in part by Gen. Sulli\an in an article published in the 
New Hampshire Spy of 17 March 1789. He says that Ebenezer 
Thompson went with the party to Portsmouth, but did not go 
down to the fort. Among those who did go to the fort were 
"the Rev. Mr. Adams, Dea. Norton, Lieut. Durgin, Capt. 
Jonathan Woodman, Mr. Aaron Davis, and, I think, Mr. Foot- 
man *of Dover, and many others." Capt. Eleazer Bennett, the 



122 HISTORY OF DURHAM 

last survivor of those who took part in the capture of the miUtary 
stores, who lived to be over one hundred years old, gave an account 
of the affair to the Rev. Mr. Tobey of Durham, which was pub- 
lished in the Congregational Journal of i8 February 1852. Be- 
sides being there himself he mentioned John Sullivan, Winborn 
Adams, Ebenezer Thompson, John Demerit of Madbury, Alpheus 
Chesley, Jonathan Chesley, Peter French, John Spencer, Micah 
Davis, Edward [Ebenezer] Sullivan, Isaac Small and Benjamin 
Small. Gen. Sullivan wrote in 1785 that he was assisted by his 
three clerks in bringing the stores up the river, and these clerks, 
or law-students, were Alexander Scammell, Peter French and 
James Underwood.^ 

January 2, 1775, the town again chose Ebenezer Thompson, 
Esq., and John Sullivan, Esq., as deputies to attend a convention 
at Exeter, to chose delegates to the General Congress to meet at 
Philadelphia, and 26 April 1775, a special meeting of the in- 
habitants of Durham chose Moses Emerson as Moderator and 
voted as follows: 

That Ebenezer Thompson Esq' Mr. Moses Emerson and John Smith 3'^ 
be Deputies to attend the Provincial Congress at Exeter forthwith. Lt. 
Samuel Chesley added to the Committee. 

Voted that the Town would Pay any men that Should Set off Equipt as 
Soldiers for Boston according as the Provincial Congress shall determine, if 
they vote anything otherwise the Town to Allow them a reasonable sum. 

Voted that those persons who are about to march and not able to furni.sh 
themselves be furnished by the Select Men. 

This was seven days after the battle of Lexington. It is evi- 
dent that some men from Durham went to Boston soon. How 
many were present at the battle of Bunker Hill cannot be told. 
There is official record that Alexander Scammell was there as 
brigade major. Moses Emerson was appointed commissary 
for the army 25 May 1775. Under date of 28 June 1775 he writes 
from Medford, Mass., "Ever since the engagement they have 
been all hurry and confusion; busie intrenching & preparing to 

'Much that is based only in the imagination has been written about this event. The 
account here given is taken in substance from Prof. Charles L. Parsons' The Capture of Fori 
William and Mary, reprinted from Proceedings of the N. H. Historical Society. His state- 
jnjnts are so supported by historical evidences that they can scarcely be questioned. • 



HISTORY OF DURHAM 



123 



receiv'e the enemy. The troops that were in the late engagement 
lost their blanketts & Clothes." The reference is to the engage- 
ment at Bunker Hill, 17 June. 

On 20 May 1775, the convention at Exeter voted to raise three 
regiments one of which was commanded by Col. Enoch Poor. 
The term of service was to expire in December of the same year. 
This regiment was afterward designated as the Eleventh Conti- 
nental Foot. Durham contributed nearly a full company, under 
command of Capt. Winborn Adams. Col. Poor's regiment was 
stationed on the seacoast, from Odiorne's Point to the Merri- 
mack River. The very day of the battle of Bunker Hill the Com- 
mittee of Safety at Exeter directed Gen. Folsom to order two of 
the companies in Col. Poor's regiment, including that of Capt. 
Adams, to march to Exeter for further orders, and the next 
day, "upon receiving the news of the engagement at Charlestown 
directed Col. Poor to order all the companies in his regiment, 
except Capt. Elkins', to march immediately to Cambridge." 

The following is a list of Capt. Winborn Adams' company, 
2 June 1775: 



MEN S NAMES. 


AGE. 


OCCUPATION. 


TOWNS IN 
WHICH THEY 


Capt. Winborn Adams 






LIVE. 


John Griffin 








Zebulon Drew 








Stephen Jones Thomas 


24 


Gent. 


Durham 


Micah Davis 


34 


Husbandman 


Durham 


Trueworthy Davis Durgin 


21 


Husbandman 


Durham 


WilUam Adams 


19 


Taylor 


Durham 


John Ncal 


33 


Carpenter 


Barnstead 


John Starboard 


21 


Husbandman 


Durham 


Samuel Demerit 


19 


Husbandman 


Durham 


Charles Bamford Jr. 


36 


Husbandman 


Barrington 


John Drisco 


21 


Husbandman 


Durham 


Tobias Leighton 


37 


Joiner 


Durham 


Robert Leathers 


40 


Husbandman 


Durham 


Eph"» Tibbits 


21 


J(jiner 


.Ma(li)ury 


David Rand 


28 


Blacksmith 


Durham 


Daniel Nute 


22 


Husbandman 


•Mad bury 


David Cops 


25 


Turner 


Durham 


Robert Wille 


22 


Husbandman 


Durham 


James Leighton 


25 


Ta\lor 


Durham 


Thomas Ellison 


21 


Husbandman 


Barrington 


James Thomas 


34 


Husbandman 


Durham 


John Collins 


25 


Taylor 


Durham 



124 



HISTORY OF DURHAM 



Jeremy Young 


i8 


Husbandman 


Durham 


Joseph Kendall 


19 


Taylor 


Durham 


Samuel Sayer 


21 


Taylor 


Durham 


Eliphalet Durgin 


22 


Joiner 


Durham 


Solomon Runnals 


23 


Tanner 


Durham 


Abijah Blaisdell 


21 


Cordwairier 


Durham 


Ezekiel Wille 


51 


Carpenter 


Lee 


[ohn Demerit 


26 


Blacksmith 


Madbury 


Ebenezer Chesley 


18 


Cordwainer 


Durham 


Samuel Hill Clark 


22 


Husbandman 


Durham 


Sam" Clough 


29 


Husbandman 


Durham 


Joseph Bickford 


21 


Husbandman 


Durham 


Josiah Burnham 


23 


Taylor 


Lee 


Dudley Davis 


27 


Husbandman 


Barrington 


John Williams 


28 


Husbandman 


Lee 


Thomas Davis 


^1 


Husbandman 


Durham 


Nathi Jenkans 


26 


Husbandman 


Barrington 


Sam' Smith 


2i 


Husbandman 


Madbury 


John Johnson 


20 


Husbandman 


Durham 


Joseph Smith 


21 


Husbandman 


Durham 


Daniel Pinkham 


21 


Husbandman 


Madbury 


Eli Bickford 


21 


Husbandman 


Lee 


John Clough 


26 


Husbandman 


Durham 


John Colbath 


22 


Husbandman 


Durham 


John Buss 


u 


Husbandman 


Durham 


Winthrop Wiggan 


30 


Carpenter 


Newmarket 


John Glover 


24 


Husbandman 


Durham 


Lemuel Nutter 


35 


Joiner 


Newington 


Joseph Leighton 


22 


Husbandman 


Newington 


Thomas Thompson 


2i 


Husbandman 


Durham 


Moses Meader 


-3 


Husbandman 


Durham 


Enoch Green 


19 


Hatter 


Durham 


John Sias 


21 


Husbandman 


Lee 


Thomas Polluck 


25 


Husbandman 


Durham 


Daniel Shaw 


22 


Husbandman 


Lee 


John Leathers 


22 


Husbandman 


Lee 


William Smart 


20 


Cordwainer 


Durham 


Nicholas Tuttle 


22 


Husbandman 


Middletown 


Enoch Runnals 


21 


Husbandman 


Lee 


Isaac Tuttle 


22 


Husbandman 


Dover 


Lewis Kynaston 


24 


Taylor 


Newmarket 


Joseph Buzzel 


46 


Husbandman 


Madbury 


Simon Batchelder 


18 


Husbandman 


Northwood 


Benj" Johnson 


^2> 


Husbandman 


Northwood 


Amos Fernald 


24 


Cordwainer 


Lee 


James Thompson 


26 


Joiner 


Durham 



HISTORY OF DURHAM 1 25 

Total 68 men including the Captain, which said men are good effective able 
bodied men mustered & received by me June 2<i 1775, 

per Sami Hobart. 
N. B. The aforesaid men took the oath proposed by the Hon' Congress, at 
the same time, before me 

Sam' Hobart Jus Pads, 

Moses Meader was received by the committee instead of John 
Johnson. Another Roll shows that John Griffin and Zebulon 
Drew were lieutenants, Tobias Leighton, Micah Davis, John 
Neal, and Daniel Shaw were sergeants; David Cops, John Stir- 
bourd, John Drisco and Enoch Green were corporals; John Col- 
lins was drummer and William Adams was fifer. 

A pay roll of this company omits these names, \iz., Thomas 
Ellison, Josiah Burnham, Dudley Davis, John Clough, and Joseph 
Leighton. It adds, however, the names of John Couch, Timothy 
Davis, Hatevil Leighton of Newington, Stephen Xoble, Samuel 
Runolds, Peter Stillings of Newmarket, Benjamin Small of Lee, 
John Shepherd of Barrington, Samuel Thompson, Vincent Torr, 
James Underwood, Jonathan Williams, Samuel Yeaton, and 
Thomas F'ootman. All were of Durham except the four other- 
wise designated. 

Tradition says that many people in Durham escorted Winborn 
Adams' company as far as the Newmarket line, where prayer was 
offered by the Rev. John Adams, cousin to Winborn. At the 
close of the prayer half the military company were in tears. 
We can well believe this tradition after reading John Adams' 
letter to the patriots of Boston. 

Association Test of Lee, 17/6 

It is said above that the soldiers of Winborn Adams' company 
took the oath proposed by the Honorable Congress. No other 
Association Test of Durham has been found. The Re\'. John 
Adams in his letter to the patriots of Boston says of the people 
of Durham, '"We are with you to a man." Perhaps this is the 
reason why there was no test. That of Lee is here presented 
because it contains the names of so many persons belonging to 
Durham families. All these promised to oppose the British 
forces, to the utmost of their power, at the risk of their lives and 
fortunes. The names are here arranged alphabetically for con- 
venience of the reader. 



126 



HISTORY OF DURHAM 



Thomas Arlcn 
Philbrook Barker 
Josiah Bartlet 
Micajah Bickford 
Samuel Bickford 
William Ely 
James Brackett 
Joseph Brackett 
Benjamin Braily? 
Benjamin Bodge 
Mr. Samuel Bodge 
Josiah Burley 
Samuel Burley 
Ebenczer Burnum 
Joshua Burnam 
Joshua Burnham Jr. 
Benj" Clark 
Isaac Clark 
James Clemens 
Geiorge Chale 
Daniel Chele 
Lemuel Chesley 
Zaccheus Clough 
James Davis 
Clement Davis 
John Davis 
David Davis 
John Davis 
Moses Dame 
Hunking Dame 
Cornilus Dinsmore 
Elijah Dinsmore 
Jonathan Dow 
Benjamin Durgin 
Josiah Dergien 
Samuel Durgin 
Joseph Doe 
George Duch 
John Emerson 
Samuel Emerson 
Smith Emerson 
Anthony Fling 
John FoUett 
Joseph Follett 
Peter Folsom 
Elijah Fox 
Nathaniel Frost 
William French 



Dimond Furnald 
Amos Furnald 
Eli Furber 
Jonathan Fisk 
Ruel Giles 
William Gliden 
John Glover 
William Goen 
Edward Hill 
Reuben Hill 
Samuel Hill 
Richard Hull 
Thomas Hunt 
Sam. Hutchin 
Thomas Huckins Jr. 
Jeremiah Hutchins 
Bennan Jackson 
Samuel Jackson 
Ebenezer Jones 
E. Jones Jr. 
Benjamin Jones 
George Jones 
John Jones 
Joseph Jones 
Benjamin Jones 
A-Iatthias Jones 
John Kinnison 
Josiah Kinnison 
Samuel Langmaid 
Samuel Langley 
Thomas Langley 
Edward Leathers 
John Leathers 
John Layn 
Gideon Mathes 
Samuel Mathes 
Nicholas Meder 
John Mendum 
Timothy Moses 
Timothy Muncy 
Thomas Noble 
Robert Parker 
Joseph Pitman 
John Putnam 
Ebenezer Randel 
Miles Randel 
Simon Rindel 
Enoch Runels 



HISTORY OF DURHAM 



127 



Job Runels 
Moses Runales 
Jonathan Runals 
Job Runels Jr. 
John Sanborn 
Edward Scales 
Ephm Sherburne 
Daniel Shaw 
John Sias 
Joseph Sias 
Samuel Smith 
Samuel Snell Jr. 
Isaac Small 
Jonathan Stevens 
Nathaniel Stevens 
Stephen Stevens 
Samuel Stevens 
William Stevens 
Jonathan Thompson 
Tolman Thompson 
Henry Tufts 
Thomas Tuffts 



George Tuttle 
Thomas Tuttle 
Henry Tufts Jr. 
Nicholas Tuttle 
Andrew Watson 
Eleson Watson 
Joseph Watson 
James Watson 
William Waymouth 
Ezekiel Wille 
Stephen Wille 
Thomas Wille 
Zebulon Wiley 
Zekiel Wille 
Samuel Wille 
John Williams 
Edward Woodman 
Samuel Woodman 
Joshu3. Woodmarch 
John Wiggin 
Robert York 
Thomas York 



The following men in Lee refused to sign the Test, some for 
conscientious reasons, because they were Friends. Among the 
latter were the Cartland, Jenkins, Meader and Bunker families. 
The Association Test papers were signed by Ichabod Whidden 
and William Laskey, as Selectmen: . 



William Calwell 
Joseph Emerson 
James Bunker 
Joseph Cartlin 
Richard Glover 
Aaron Hanson 
William Jenkins 



William Jenkins Jr. 
Joseph Meder 
Samuel Lamas 
David Munce\' 
Charles Rundet 
Robert Thompson 
John Siicll 



The following is a copy of a paper that was in the possession- 
of the late Stephen Millett Thompson and needs no explanation: 

We the Subscribers, thinking it a Duty incumbent upon us at all Times (but 
more especially at this alarming Juncture) to lend our Aid & Assistance as 
far as in us lays for the Defence of our Country and of those Priviledges & 
Liberties which God & our Ancestors of happy memory have handed down 
to us; and as our restless and implacable Enemies are forccably endeavoring 
to deprive us of them: Therefore it behooves us to exert ourselves to the utmost 
of our Power in their Defence, which cannot be done unless we are properly 
ofificer'd and fixed with Arms and .\mmunition. In Consideration of the above 
wc have come unto the following agreement — 



128 HISTORY OF DURHAM 

Viz. That we will assemble and meet at Durham Falls, on Monday the tenth 
day of July next ensuing, at two of the Clock in the Afternoon, then and there 
to choose a Chief Officer and two Subalterns, and such other under Officers as 
the Company then met shall think proper, which said Officers shall be chosen 
out of the Subscribers to this Agreement, and shall have it in their Power to 
order Meetings for the future, as often as they shall think necessary and con- 
venient. And we engage that we will do our utmost Endeavor to provide our- 
selves with well fixed Firelocks, Powder and Balls sufficient for them, as can 
be procured, and that without any Delay. And further we engage that we will 
when ordered to assemble, and while assembled, pay proper Regard, & be under 
due Subordination & Subjection to our said Officers, in as full and ample man- 
ner, as we should were they commissioned by the highest Power. 

In Confirmation of all and every Part of the above Agreement, we have set 
our Hands this twenty ninth Day of June A. D. 1775. 

Jere Folsom Ju', Edward Winslowi (?), Josp Stevens, Alpheus Chesley, 
Ephraim Folsom, Solomon Davis, Jonathan Woodman Jun., Robert Hill, 
Lemuel Jackson, Jonathan Bickford, Steven Jones, Wilam Cotten, E. Thomp- 
son, John Folsom, Theophilus Hardy, Albert Dennier, Nath' Hill, Timothy 
Medar, Enoch Jackson, Jona Chesley, John Welsh, Jona Woodman 3d, Patrick 
Cogan, Sam' Wigglesworth, Thos Pinkham, John Hill, Thomas Edgerly, Samuel 
Chesle, John Thompson, John Crockit, Jonathan Woodman, Arch Woodman, 
Timothy Emerson, Eliakim Bickford, Abednego Spencer, Daniel Rogers, 
Benja Chesle Ju'. 

The remainder of the paper, containing additional names, 
has been lost. The whole list is thought to have had about one 
hundred names. Many of the above afterward served in the 
Revolutionary Army. 

At a town meeting held 11 December 1775 "Ebenezer Thomp- 
son Esq'' was chosen to Represent the Town of Durham in General 
Congress to be held at Exeter on the 21st Day of December cur- 
rent at 6 o'clock in the afternoon and impowered to act in s*^ 
Capacity for the Term of one Year. Either as a member of the 
Congress or if such a Government should be assumed by a 
Recommendation from the Continental Congress as would require 
a House of Representatives, the s'^ Thompson to become a mem- 
ber of the House agreeable to the within Notification." Here, 
then, is Durham's first representative in the State's revolutionary 
government. 

Durham kept sending men to the front and supplying their 
families while they were in the army. At first the volunteers 
were many and for short periods of service. Later it was more 
difficult to get men to inlist for three years or during the war. 
Bounties were offered to volunteers. March 31, 1777, Col. 

'Probably Edward Winslow Emerson. 



HISTORY OF DURHAM 1 29 

Samuel Chesley, Capt. Timothy Emerson and Capt. John Burnam 
were appointed a committee to draw upon the selectmen of Dur- 
ham "for any sum they in their prudence may think sufficient 
to use and apply for hiring men to compleat our quota." The 
men so hired helped to fill up three Continental Battalions then 
raised in New Hampshire. 

The inflation of prices caused by the war made it necessary to 
fix the prices of necessary provisions for the families of soldiers, 
and the price of Indian corn was fixed at four shillings per bushel, 
of salted pork at seven pence and a half per pound, and of beef 
at three pence and a half per pound, the town paying the balance, 
if such articles could not be obtained at such prices. The town 
records declare that Widow Sarah Colbath was aided like the 
wives of soldiers and that "John Hull have the Cow that was 
purchased by the town committee for his family in his absence, 
he paying the s'^ Committee Eighteen Dollars for the Use of the 
Town." The committee were instructed at the same time to 
buy sixty bushels of corn and two thousand pounds of beef for 
the use of the families of soldiers. A bounty of $303 was paid to 
David Kynaston in 1779, and in 1781 Jonathan Chesley was 
voted "4600 Dollars" for advancing the money to the said Kynas- 
ton, or Kenniston, showing the rapid inflation of currency. 
March 29, 1779, the town voted to "pay the Wid° Susanna 
Crown twenty Dollars toward her support she having lost her 
Husband in the service of the United States." This is the first 
time the United States are mentioned in the town records. In 
1779 five men volunteered to join the expedition to Rhode Island, 
and the town paid them $100 above the State bounty. Two of 
the men were James Thomas and Trucworthy Davis Durgin. 

The Committee of Safety, Inspection and Correspondence for 
1777 and 1778 consisted of Ebenezer Thompson, Esq., John 
Smith, 3d, Esq., Moses Emerson, Esq., Valentine Mathes, Esq., 
Benjamin Smith, Esq., Joseph Stevens, Esq., Col. Alpheus Ches- 
ley, Capt. Thomas Chesley, Mr. John Thompson, James Gilmor, 
Esq., Mr. Jonathan Woodman, Jr., Mr. Nathaniel Hill and Capt. 
Timothy Emerson. The committee for 1779 was the same except 
that Lieut. Benjamin Chesley was substituted for his father, 
C^apt. Thomas Chesley, deceased. The committee for 1780 
consisted of Ebenezer Thompson, Esq., Mr. John Thompson, 

Valentine Mathes, Esq., Capt. Timothy Emerson, Col. Alpheus 
9 



130 HISTORY OF DURHAM 

Chelsey, Joseph Stevens, Esq., James Gilmor, Esq., Lieut. 
Benjamin Chesley, Mr. Nathaniel Hill, John Smith, 3d, Mr. 
Jonathan Woodman, Hon. Gen. Sullivan, and Col. Samuel Ches- 
ley. The committee for 1781 included Mr. Jonathan Chesley 
and Capt. John Grifin, and omitted John Thompson and Alpheus 
Chesley. 

In 1779 a committee appointed to consider the inflated prices 
and depreciation of paper currency reported a series of resolves 
to be signed by voluntary subscribers, to the effect that they 
would not ask more for certain commodities than the prices 
established by the committee and that such prices should be 
changed only in agreement with Portsmouth and neighboring 
towns. The following persons signed the agreement, Alpheus 
Chesley, Jacob Joy, Ebenezer Chesley, William Jackson, Enoch 
Jackson, Samuel Chesley, Philip Chesley, Thomas Dame, Jona- 
than Williams, James Gilmor, James Leighton, Lem Jackson, 
Benjamin Bunker, Ebenezer Meserve, Jeremiah Burnham, 
Samuel Hicks, Eliphalet Wiggin, Benmor Duda, Samuel Joy, 
Joseph Chesley, Jr., Ephraim Clough, Benjamin Doe, Jr., James 
Drisco, Joseph Rendal, Pike Burnam, Samuel Nutter and Robert 
Lapish. 

On the 1 8th of October, 1779, the report of a committee was 
accepted, fixing the price of merchandize and country produce 
in pounds and shillings of greatly depreciated currency. Silver 
and gold coins were not in circulation, having been bought up 
by speculators. The following list is instructive as showing the 
necessities of life and their comparative values: 

West India Rum per gallon, £6.12; New England Rum, 5.2; Molasses per 
gal, 4.13, Coffee per pound, £0.18; Sugar from 12s to 14s per pound; Tea per 
pound, 6.6, Chocolate, 1.7; Cotton Wool per pound, £2; salt of the best quality 
per bushel, £9; New England made salt, £6; Indian Corn, per bushel, 4.10; 
Rye, 6; Wheat, 9; Oats, 2.5; Peas, best quality, 9; Beans, 9; Beef, Mutton, 
Lamb and veal by the quarter, 4 shillings per pound; Hides per pound, 3.6; 
Pork by the Hog, per pound, 6 shillings; Butter, per pound, 12 s; Cheese, 6s; 
English Hay per ton, £30; German Steel per pound £1.16; Bloomery Iron per c, 
£30; Cider at the press per barrel, £5.8; Flax well dressed per pound, 12s; 
Sheep wool, £1.10; Sole Leather per pound, £1.1; Upper Leather, well cured, 
per side, £12; Green Calf Skin, £2.14; Calf Skin dressed at a medium, £6; 
Side of Leather Suitable for Saddles, £13.4; Laborer per day found as usual, 
£2.2; Tradesmen that work abroad and are found as usual, £3.3; Blacksmiths 
for shoeing a horse all round, steel corcks, £6; Shifting a set of shoes, £1.16; 
Axes, £7.10; Mens Shoes of the best quality from £7 to £8 per pair; Best Womens 



HISTORY OF DURHAM I3I 

shoes, £6; Cabinet makers to have no more than 20 for i from the price of 
1774; Felt Hats, £6; Tailors to have £18 for a suit of plain Cloaths and other 
work in like proportion; Innholcters, for Dinners, £1 ;for Breakfasts and suppers, 
15s; Horse keeping to Hay, £1.4; Toddy per bowl, 15s; Cyder per mug, 5s; 
Oats per mess, 7s; Tallow handles per pound, 15s; Letters of horses to have 4s 
per mile out and nothin in; Potatoes and Turnips of the best quality, 24s 
per bushel; Wood per cord, £13.10; Good Saddle, £52.16; Bridle, — ; Poultry 
— ; Hogs fat, per pound, 13s; Winter apples per bushel, i8s; All articles of 
country- produce, manufacture, or labour not herein enumerated to be at 20 
for 1 from the price in the year 1774. 

In this list the relative price of labor is the most interesting 
item. A laborer would have to work three days to get a gallon 
of rum, then considered more a necessity than molasses, or three 
days for a pound of tea, or two days for a bushel of corn, or nearly 
four days for a pair of shoes. Who will say that labor is not better 
paid today? But is the shoemaker of the factories today better 
off than the independent cordwainer that went from house to 
house in those times? Is the sweat-shop of modern tailors to 
be preferred to the changing work-shops of those who then made 
clothes? Have times improved? It is the comparative inequali- 
ties that distress and oppress wage-workers. 

From various sources, chiefly from the Revolutionary Rolls, 
as published in the State Papers of New Hampshire, have been 
gathered the names of the men from Durham and Lee who served 
as soldiers in the War for the Independence of the Colonies. 

Adams, Lt-Col. Winborn Burnham Josiah (Lee) 

Adams, William, fifer Burnham Edward 

Adams, Ensign Samuel Burnham, Ensign James 

Applebei-, Joseph Burnham Pike 

Applebeo Thomas Buss John 

Branscomb Arthur Burnham Paul 
Adams Peter (negro on ship Raleigh) Burnham Samuel 

Bennett Ebenezer Carson Robert 

Bickford, Eliakim Chesley, Aaron, 

Bickford Eli (Lee) . Chesley, Col. Alpheus 

Bickford Ephraim (Lee) Chesley Ebenezer 

Bickford Josiah (Lee) Chesley Jonathan 

Bickford Joseph Chesley Samuel 

Bickford Samuel Clark Samuel Hill 

Blaisdell Abijah Clough John 

Bofife Jesse Clough Samuel 

Bunker Zacheus Clough Lt. Zacheus 

Bunker Enoch, Corp. Cogan Patrick 

Burnham Benjamin (Lee) Colbath Benjamin 



132 



HISTORY OP DURHAM 



Colbath Dcpendance 
Colbath Downing 
Colbath John 
Colkins John, Drummer 
Copps David, Corp. 
Couch John 
Critchet Elias (Lee) 
Crommit Moses 
Crommett James 
Crommett PhiHp 
Crommett Ebenezer 
Crommett Thomas, Ens. 
Cromwell Samuel 
Creecy William 
Crown William 
Dame, John 

Daniels Eliphalet, Capt. 
Daniels Nathaniel (Lee) 

Davis David 

Davis Micah, Sergt. 

Davis Clement 

Davis Philip 

Davis Thomas 

Davis Timothy 

Davis John (Lee) 

Doe Jonathan 

Doe Joshua 

Duda Lemuel 

Drew Andrew 

Drew Zebulon Lt. 

Drew Francis 

Drisco John 

Demeritt Samuel 

Durgin Benjamin 

Durgin David 

Durgin Joseph 

Durgin Josiah (Lee) 

Durgin Henry 

Durgin Levi 

Durgin Philip 

Durgin Trueworthy D. 

Durgin Eliphalet Lt. 

Dunsmore Elijah Capt. (Lee) 

Dutch Jeremiah 

Dutch John 

Edgerly Sergt. Thomas 

Edgerly James 

Emerson Moses, Commissai'y 



Emerson Capt. Smith 
Emerson Timothy 
Fernald Amos (Lee) 
Fowler Philip 
Frost Nicliolas (Lee) 
Frost Nathaniel (Lee) 
Frost Winthrop (Lee) 
Footman Thomas 
Footman John 
Green, Corp. Enoch 
Gerrish Timothy 
Glidden Gideon 
Glover John 
Griffin, Lt. John 
Hall Benjamin (Lee) 
Hall Sergt. James (Lee) 
Hall John 

Hicks Benjamin (Lee) 
Hill Wille (Lee) 
Hill Thomas (Lee) 

Hull John 

Jenkins Nathaniel (Lee) 

Johnson John 

Johnson Andrew 

Kinnistin Josiah (Lee) 

Kynaston David 

Kent Robert 

Kent, Ebenezer 

Langley David 

Layn Capt. John (Lee) 

Leathers, Enoch 

Leathers John 

Leathers Jonathan 

Leathers Edward (Lee) 

Leathers Thomas 

Leathers Robert 

Leighton James 

Leighton, Lt. Tobias 

Leighton, John? 

Leighton Valentine 

Mann David 

Martin Dan (Negro) 

Martin Sidon (Lee) 

Mathews Gideon 

Mallin Mathew 

McDaniel James (Lee) 

Meader Moses 

Meader Nicholas 



HISTORY OF DURHAM 



133 



Mitchell John 

Mooney Benjamin 

Mooney, Col. Hercules 

Mooney John 

Munsey Timothy (Lee) 

Neal John 

Noble Stephen 

Noble John 

Norton John 

Norton Thomas 

Pendergast Edmund 

Perry Abraham 

Pinder Scrgt. Jeremiah 

Pinkham Abijah 

Pinkham Isaac (Lee) 

Pinkham Paul (Lee) 

Pinkham Thomas 

Polluck John 

Pinder iienjamin 

Rand David 

Rand John 

Randall Joseph 

Rogers Daniel 

Reynolds Abraham 

Richards Bartholomew 

Runnels Enoch (Lee) 

Runnels Capt. Samuel 

Runnels Israel (Lee) 

Runnels Moses (Lee) 

Runnels Stephen 

Runnels Solomon 

Ryan James 

Ryan Michael 

Scales Samuel (Lee) 

Scammell, Gen. Alexander 

Sawyer Samuel 

Shaw Daniel (Lee) 

Sias John (Lee) 

Sias, Capt. Benjamin 

Smart William 

Smith Benjamin 

Smith Edward 

Smith John 

Smith Joseph 

Small Benjamin (Lee) 



Small Isaac (Lee) 

Spencer John 

Starboard, Ens. John 

Starboard Stephen 

Spencer Abednego 

Spencer Moses 

Spencer Robert 

Stevens John (Lee) 

Stevens Nathaniel (Lee) 

Sullivan, Gen. John 

Tash, Col. Thomas 

Torr Vincent 

Thomas, Lt. Joseph 

Thomas Stephen Jones 

Thomas, Sergt. James 

Thompson James 

Thompson Samuel 

Thompson Thomas 

Tobnie Patrick 

Tucker Stephen B. 

Tuttle Capt. George 

Tuttle Nicholas 

Tuttle Isaac 

Tufts Henry 

Underwood, James 

Ward Samuel 

Wille Robert 

Wille Ezekiel 

Wille Thomas 

Williams Joseph 

Williams Jonathan 

Williams Samuel 

Weeks Jedediah 

Welch Benjamin (Lee) 

Whitten Mark (Lee) 

White James 

Williams John (Lee) 

Wigglesworth Surgeon Samuel 

Woodman Lt. Arch?laus 

Woodman Edward Jr. 

Woodman Sergt. Joshua 

Yeaton Samuel 

Young Jeremy 

York Samuel 



It is impossible to trace the military record and life history of 
all the men of Durham who took part in the struggle for national 




Gen. John Sullivan 



HISTORY OF DURHAM 1 35 

freedom. It would not be fitting, however, to publish a history 
of Durham without saying the few words that space permits 
about some of the soldiers of the Revolution. 

Gen. John Sullivan was born in Berwick,^ Me., 17 February 
1740, son of the Irish schoolmaster, John Sullivan, and his wife, 
Margery Browne. He was educated mainly by his father and 
studied law with Judge Samuel Livermore of Portsmouth, settling 
in Durham as its first lawyer soon after 1760. He purchased of 
the heirs of Dr. Samuel Adams, 19 December 1764, the house 
since known as the Sullivan house, near the monument that the 
State erected to his memory. He is mentioned in the town record 
in 1 77 1, when he was chosen overseer of the poor. He soon be- 
came well known as a lawyer of learning, eloquence and forensic 
ability. Prosperity enabled him to purchase the water privilege 
at Packer's Falls and to erect, soon after 1770, six mills, including 
corn-mill, saw-mill, fulling-mill, and scythe-mill. We have seen 
the part he took in the capture of military stores at Fort William 
and Mary. He was commissioned major in 1772. He was dele- 
gate to the Continental Congress in 1774 and 1775, where he took 
an active part and urged the declaration of independence. He 
was appointed brigadier general in 1775 and served at the siege of 
Boston, after which he served in the expedition to Canada and 
conducted the retreat. He was promoted to be major general 29 
July 1776. He took part in engagements about New York, 
where he was captured but soon exchanged, and in the battles of 
Trenton, Princeton, Brandywine and Germanton. He spent the 
winter at Valley Forge and commanded the expedition to Rhode 
Island. He scourged out of the Susquehanna Valley the Indian 
murderers of Wyoming, for which service monuments have been 
erected in his honor. Through impaired health and the pressing 
needs of his family he resigned his otifice, 9 November 1779. He 
w^as again delegate to Congress in 1780 and 1781. The office of 
attorney general was conferred upon him in 1782 and was held 
till 1786. It is remarkable that a son and a grandson held the 
same ofKice. He had a prominent part in the formation of the 

•The Rev. Alonzo Quint D.D., in his oration at the dedication of the Sullivan monument 
in Durham, claims that Gen. John Sullivan was born in Somersworth. The evidence seems 
insufficient to the present writer. Berwick points out the exact spot where he was born. In 
1737 the parish of Somersworth voted " that Mr. John Sullivan be the schoolmaster for the 
;nsuing year, voted John Sullivan to sweep and take care of the meeting house & to have 
thirty shillings," — See Knapp's Historical Sketch of Somersworth, p. 28. This was three 
years before Gen. John Sullivan was born. 




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HISTORY OF DURHAM 1 37 

Constitution of New Hampshire and was thrice elected president, 
or governor, of the state, 1786-87, 1789. He was also speaker of 
the House. He was made by President Washington first Judge 
of the United States District Court of New Hampshire, in which 
ofifice he died. He was also the first Grand Master of the Grand 
Lodge of Free Masons of New Hampshire. 

It is of equal interest to the inhabitants of Durham to know 
how he served his town. He was chosen agent for the proprietors 
of Durham, 22 May 1769. He was moderator of town meetings 
eight times, 1781-1788, on the Committee of Correspondence, 
Inspection and Safety, 1 774-1 781, overseer of the poor, 1771, 
1784, assessor and commissioner, 1788, on the school committee 
for the Falls District, 1780. 

He was the first president of the New Hampshire branch of 
the Society of the Cincinnati, and meetings of that society 
were held in Durham in the years 1 788-1 792. 

The Sullivan Lodge of Knights of Pythias is so named in honor 
of an illustrious townsman. 

His patriotism and ability in war and peace have been recog- 
nized in the erection of the monument in front of his old residence, 
27 September 1894, with the following inscription: 

In Memory of 

JOHN SILLI\AN 

Born February 17, 1740 

Died January 23, 1795 

Erected by the state of New Hampshire 

upon the site of the Meeting House 
under which was stored the gunpowder 
taken from Fort William and Mary. 

The reader, doubtless, will be interested to see a picture of 
another monument that commemorates the victorious campaign 
of Gen. Sullixan in the Susquehanna Valley. The illustration 
is here presented through the courtesy of the American Irish 
Historical Society, which published a full report of the pro- 
ceedings at the dedication of the monument. On that occasion, 
Lynde Sullivan, Esq., of Boston, whose summer residence is 
in the old Sullivan house in Durham, gave the principal his- 
torical address, in which many interesting details are given of 



138 HISTORY OF DURHAM 

the life of Gen. John SuUivan. A noble poem was read by Joseph 
I. C. Clarke, and here is a little sample of it : 

I see through a tangled, wooded glen 

The glint of weapons shine. 

And a long array of stalwart men 

Marching in warlike line. 

They stretch 'twixt the hills from crest to crest, 

Their sweat is thick upon brow and breast. 

Their muskets trailing low. 

They peer through the forests round about 

For pitfalls of the foe. 

Their horses tug at the traces stout 

Of cannon rumbling slow. 

And swarms of boats and rustic floats 

Up the babbling river come, 

And I catch the thrilling of bugle notes 

And the rolling of the drum. 

On through the thickets a way they trace; 

They pause at the river's bars. 

They follow a man of the Fighting Race, 

And he follows a flag of stars. 

The inscription upon the monument is as follows: 

NEAR THIS SITE 

SUNDAY AUGUST 29 1 779 WAS FOUGHT 

THE BATTLE OF NEWTOWN 

BETWEEN 

CONTINENTAL TROOPS COMMANDED BY 

MAJOR GENERAL JOHN SULLIVAN 

AND A COMBINED FORCE OF 

TORIES AND INDIANS UNDER 

COLONEL JOHN BUTLER 

AND 

JOSEPH BRANT 

AVENGING THE MASSACRE OF 

WYOMING AND CHERRY VALLEY 

DESTROYING THE IROQUOIS CONFEDERACY 

ENDING ATTACKS ON OUR SETTLEMENTS 

AND THEREBY OPENING 

WESTWARD THE PATHWAY OF CIVILIZATION. 

Gen. Alexander Scammell, son of Dr. Samuel Scammell, who 
came from Plymouth, England, in 1738, and settled at Milford, 
Mass., was born in 1744. He graduated at Harvard, in 1769. 
He taught school at Kingston, Mass., in 1770, at Plymouth, 
Mass., in 1771 and at 'Berwick, Me., in 1772. For a year he was 
employed as a surveyor in exploring the territory of Maine and 




Xewtown Battlefield Monlment 
Elmira, New York. Dedicated August 29th, 191 2 



Iltustralion by the courtesy of the American Irish Historical Society 
Reproduction by Anna Frances Levins 



140 



HISTORY OF DURHAM 



New Hampshire, and was one of the proprietors of Shapleigh, Me. 
He then became a student in the law office of Maj. John Sullivan 
at Durham. The will of Samuel Meaderof Durham was witnessed 
in the law office of Gen. John Sullivan, 18 May, 1773, by John 
Smith, Alexander Scammell and Jn° Sullivan. He is first men- 
tioned in the records of Durham as one of the committee to apply 




Gen. Alexander Scammell 



the Association Test, 28 November 1774. Tradition says that he 
pulled down the flag at the capture of Fort William and Mary, 
December 1774. He was at the battle of Bunker Hill as brigade 
major and served under Gen. Sullivan in the siege of Boston. He 
was promoted to deputy adjutant-general in 1776. He crossed 
the Delaware in the same boat with Washington as his special aid, 
and took part in the battles of Trenton, Princeton and Saratoga. 



HISTORY OF DURHAM I4I 

In the campaign against Gen. Burgoyne he was colonel of the 
First and then of the Third New Hampshire troops and was by 
the side of Lieut-Col. Winborn Adams when he fell at Bemis 
Heights. He himself had been wounded \et kept the field and 
witnessed the surrender of Burgoyne. In 1778 he was commis- 
sioned adjutant-general of the army. At the battle of Monmouth 
he was aid to Washington, rallied the troops and led the charge. 
Washington said of him, "The man who inspired us all to do our 
full duty was Alexander Scammell." He commanded the Light 
Infantry in the march into Virginia, was wounded and captured 
at the battle of Yorktown and died of his wound six days after, 
6 October 1781, aged 35. He was buried at Williamsburg, Va. 

He was six feet and two inches in stature, of fine proportions, 
graceful and attractive, full of ardor, courage and perseverance, 
a favorite with Washington, popular with the officers, honorably 
remembered by Lafayette. His was a brief, brilliant and noble 
career, and it reflects honor on the town vv^here he lived and loved. 
Some permanent memorial erected in Durham is due him. The 
Scammell Grange is named in honor of him and thus honors itself 
also. 

The following letter, written to Maj. John Sullivan, then in 
the Continental Congress, well shows the quality of Scammell's 
heart and mind, as well as the commotion caused at Durham by 
news of the battle of Lexington : 

Portsmouth, N. H., May 3, 1775. 
Honoured Sir: Your leaving New Hampshire at a time when your presence 
was so extremely necessary to cherish the glorious ardcjur which you have been 
so instrumental in inspiring us with, spread a general gloom in Durham, and in 
some measure damped the spirit of liberty through the Province; and nothing 
but the important business in which you arc imbarked would induce us to dis- 
pense with your presence with any degree of patience or resignation. 

But when the horrid din of civil carnage surprised us on the 20th of .April the 
universal cry was — Oh if Major Sullivan was here! I wish to God Major 
Sullivan was here! ran through the distressed multitude. 

April court which was then sitting adjourned immediately. To arms! to 
arms! was breathed forth in sympathetick groans. 

I went express to Boston, by desire of the Congressional committee, then 
sitting at Durham, proceeded as far as Bradford, where I oijtained credible 
information that evening. Ne.xt morning I arrived at E.xeter, where the 
Provincial Congress was assembling with all possible haste. There I reported 
what intelligence I had gained; that the American army at Cambridge, Woburn 
and C'harlestown was more in need of provisions than men; that fifty thousand 
had assembled in tliirt>-six hours: and that the Regulars, who had retreated 
from Concord, had encamped on Bunker's Hill in Charlestown. 



142 



HISTORY OF DURHAM 



The Congress, upon this report, resolved that the Durham company, then 
at Exeter (armed completely for an engagement, with a week's provisions) 
should return home and keep themselves in constant readiness. All the men 
being gone from the westward and southward of Newmarket and men-of-war 
expected hourly into Portsmouth, it was with the greatest difficulty your Dur- 
ham soldiers were prevailed upon to return. Six or seven expresses arrived at 
Durham the night after our return; some desiring us to march to Kittery; some 
to Hampton; some to Ipswich, etc., which places, they said sundry men-of-war 
were ravaging. The whole country was in a continual alarm, but suspecting. 




that the marines at Portsmouth might take advantage of the confusion we 
were in and pay Durham a visit, we thought proper to stand ready to give them 
a warm reception and supposing that your house and family would be the 
first mark of their vengeance, although I had been express the whole night be- 
fore, I kept guard to defend your family and substance to the last drop of my 
blood.. Master Smith being under the same apprehensions, did actually lay 
in ambush behind a warehouse and came very near sinking a fishing boat 
anchored 'off the river, which he supposed heaped full of marines. Men,, 
women and children were engaged day and night in preparing for the worst. 

Many towns in this Province have enlisted minute-men and keep them 
under pay; and the Congress before this would actually have raised an army 



HISTORY OF DURHAM 1 43. 

had they not waited for the General Court which sits tomorrow, in order to 
raise as much money as they can to pay off their army when raised. 

I am extremely mortified that I am unable to join the army at Cambridge. 
The particulars of the skirmish between the Regulars and the Americans will^ 
long before this, have reached you. 

In longing expectation your safe, happy and speedy return is hoped for by 
all your friends but by none more sincerely than 

Vour dutiful humble servant, 

Alex. Scammell. 
To John Sullivan at Philadelphia or New York. 

Col. Hercules Alooney is said to have been a tutor in the family 
of a nobleman in Ireland. A person of his name was in Trinity 
College, Dublin, in 1732. He is described as a "tall, stately 
man." He came to America in 1733 and began teaching in 
Somerswortii. He signed the petition to make Madbury a parish 
in 1743. He removed to Durham, where he taught from 1751 to 
1766. He received a captain's commission in 1757 and took 
part in the Crown Point Expedition, being captured and robbed 
when Fort William Henry was taken. Was selectman in Durham 
in 1765. After the separation of Lee he taught in that town and 
was selectman there, 1769-75, and represented Lee several times 
in the General Assembly. March 14, 1766 he was appointed 
major in Col. David Oilman's regiment, and on the 29th of Sep- 
tember was promoted to be lieutenant-colonel and marched to- 
Ticonderoga with his regiment. June 23, 1778 he was appointed 
colonel in the expedition to Rhode Island. He served on the 
Committee of Safety in Lee, was a justice of the peace and a 
grantee of Holderness, whither he removed in 1785. Here also 
he was selectman and representative four times. He died in 
April 1800, and was buried on his farm about a third of a mile 
from Ashland village, under a willow tree. The farm is now 
owned by Samuel H. Baker. A rough slab marks his grave. 
His sons, Benjamin and John, served in the Revolutionary Army^ 
the former as lieutenant. Col. Hercules Mooney was one of 
Ireland's many precious gifts to young America, a leader in 
thought and activity, a moulder of character in the training of 
Nouth, a wise builder of the Granite State, a valiant commander in 
battle, a peaceful and highly useful citizen in the towns he served .- 

Col. Thomas Tash, born 5 July 1722, was of a family that came 
from near Belfast, Ireland, according to tradition. The original 
name was Mclntash. His father was Jacob Tash, who married 
(2) Patience, daughter of James and Mary (Smith) Thomas, in 



144 HISTORY OF DURHAM 

1727. Col. Tash married (i) Mrs. Anne Parsons, the wealthy 
widow of Capt. Parsons of Portsmouth, (2) Martha, daughter 
of Joshua and Elizabeth (Kenniston) Crommett. He appears 
in a scouting party, under Samuel Miller in 1744. He was 
a captain in 1758, in the French and Indian War. September 
17, 1776, he was appointed colonel of a regiment that served near 
New York. He removed to New Durham in 1783 being one of 
the original proprietors and their clerk in 1765. His children 
were Thomas, James, Jacob, William, Martha, Betsey, Mary 
who married Josiah Edgerly 12 July 1793, and Patience. Col. 
Tash died in October 1809, aged 87 years. 

He lived for a time in Newmarket being engaged in trading 
and shipping and represented that town in the legislature in 
1776. He erected the first saw- and grist-mill in New Durham. 
He was taxed for real estate in Durham as late as 1 783. He repre- 
sented New Durham, W^olfeboro, etc., in the legislature in 1778. 
He was a justice of the peace and actively engaged in manu- 
factures and agriculture, a busy leader in stirring times. 

Lieut. -Col. Winborn Adams was born in Durham, son of Dr. 
Samuel Adams, grandson of the Rev. Hugh Adams. He was, 
doubtless, named for his uncle, Winborn Adams, a schoolmaster, 
who died in 1736, thus perpetuating the maiden name of his 
grandmother, Susanna Winborn. He is often mentioned in 
the records of Durham as surveyor of lumber and innholder. 
The house he built and used for an inn stands on the south side 
of the road, opposite the Sullivan monument. He was at the 
capture of the military stores at Fort William and Mary, Decem- 
ber 1774, and was commissioned captain of the first company 
raised in Durham for the Revolutionary Army. He was pro- 
moted to be major in 1776 and lieutenant-colonel 2 April 1777. 
He commanded the Second New Hampshire Regiment at the 
battle of Stillwater, called also the battle of Bemis Heights, and 
fell mortally wounded, 19 September 1777. His name was long 
perserved in several branches of allied families. He seems to 
have been a brave and popular man. He was a member of the 
lodge of St. John (Portsmouth) of Free and Accepted Masons, 
and so also were Gen. Sullivan and Gen. Scammell. In a deed 
dated 1756 he is called "Chirurgeon." 

He married Sarah Bartlett and she continued to keep the inn 
for some time after her husband's death, and town meetings 
were held at her house. The following petition may be of interest : 



HISTORY OF DURHAM 



145 



To the Hon'>'<> the Council and House of Representatives of the State of 
New Hampshire. Ck'ntlemen, Your Petitioner humbly shevveth that her Hus- 
band late Lt. Col" Adams of the 2°d New Hampshire Regt fell in battle on the 
memorable 19th of Sept 1777, and left her a helpless widow destitute of the 
means of procuring a Livelihood as her sole dependence was on her Husbands 
pay, her only son having been ever since in the service of this state. — That it 
has been with extreme difficulty she has since procured a scanty subsistence with 
her own industry & the Charities of her friends. — That she has delay'd peti- 
tioning hitherto in hopes that the Honi>i» Legislature of the State would have 
made a general provision for the mourning widows & helpless orphans of those 
who fell in defence of the Liberty & Property of their Friends & Country. — 




LIEUT.-COL. W'lXBORN AdAMs' InN 



But that she is compelled to the disagreeable Necessity of imploring the as- 
sistance of that Country in defence of which her late husband fell, and humbly 
requesting that the Hon*-'' Legislature would grant her the half pay of her 
late husband or such other allowance as they in their superior Wisdom shall 
think proper, so as to raise her above the pinching hand of poverty and enable 
her to support a Life rendered melancholly and unhappy. And your Petitioner 
as in Duty Bound will ever pray &c. 
[N. H. Town Papers, XI, 596.] Sar.\h Adams. 

Samuel Adams, only son of Lieut. -Col. Winborn Adarfis' 

served as lieutenant under Gen. John Sullivan in the campaign 
10 



146 HISTORY OF DURHAM 

against the Indians and was after the war lieutenant-colonel in 
the militia. 

Capt. Smith Emerson served in Col. Wingate's regiment at 
Seavey's Island. This company was enlisted in October 1775. 
It served also at the siege of Boston and was discharged in March 
1776. He was appointed captain of Company Six in Col. Thomas 
Tash's regiment which was raised in September 1776 and sent to 
New York to aid the Continental Army. His commission was 
signed by Gen. Washington, under whom his regiment served, 
taking an active part in the battles of Trenton and Princeton. 
Capt. Emerson settled in Lee, where he was one of the selectmen. 

Capt. John Layn was living in Durham as early as 8 March 
1760, when he enlisted in Capt. Samuel Gerrish's company, 
Col. John Goff's regiment, for the Canada expedition. John 
Layn, gunsmith, of Durham, in a petition of 26 May 1761, 
states that he was employed as armorer for that regiment and 
furnished his own tools, but had received no extra pay for this 
service. He was allowed four pounds sterling. [See N. H. Town 
Papers, XI, 581.] 

He was appointed captain in Col. John Waldron's regiment, 
6 March 1776, for six weeks of service at Winter Hill. 

He lived in Durham village where now resides Hon. Joshua 
B. Smith. He acquired land at Newtown, in what is now Lee, 
in 1763 and 1 766, and established the first inn in that town. 
The old signboard, bearing the name of Washington and the 
date 1779, is still to be seen, but the painting of Washington 
on horseback has been effaced therefrom by the elements. He 
owned mills at Newtown, where he was living in 1790. He died 
before 12 May 1811, when his son, John, was appointed adminis- 
trator of his estate. Descendants of the name still live in that 
vicinity. 

Col. Alpheus Chelsey, born in Durham, was one of the party 
that went to Fort William and Mary in December 1774. He was 
recommended to the authorities as captain, in 1775, by Gen. 
John Sullivan. He had orders to enlist a company of 61 able 
bodied men, 2 December 1775, to serve under Washington. He 
appears as lieutenant-colonel in Col. John Waldron's regiment 
6 March 1776. He is repeatedly called colonel in the records of 
Durham. He married Deborah Meserve and died in Barnstead 
in 1792. 



HISTORY OF DURHAM I47 

Andrew Drew was born in Dover 25 March 1758, and died at 
Durham Point, 19 December 1854. -^^ age of 18 he enHsted in 
Capt. Caleb Hodgdon's company, in Col. Joshua Wingate's 
regiment, stationed on Seavey's Island in December 1775. He 
took part in the expedition to Rhode Island and was in the 
battle of Newport. He served nine months in Capt. Peter 
Drown's company. Col. Stephen Peabody's regiment. He re- 
ceived a bounty from the town of Durham and was a pensioner 
from 1836 till the time of his death. He was buried in the Smith 
cemetery, near the south shore of the mill-pond. 

Samuel Demeritt was born 17 June 1756. He enlisted in Capt. 
Winborn Adams' company, 2 June 1775 and served near Boston. 
In 1776 he was on the roll of Capt. William McDuffee's company, 
Col. Tash's regiment, and probably joined the army in New York. 
He entered the naval service and was on the ship 'Raleigh as a 
marine, time of entry 31 July 1777, stature, five feet, eight inches 
and three fourths. He died i November 1801 at Wednesday 
Hill, Lee. [See Genealogical Notes.] 

Henry Durgin was a private in the Eighth Company, Second 
regiment in 1 780-1 781, having enlisted for the war. Supplies 
were furnished him by the town in 1781. He certified, 30 Jan- 
uary 1786, that he was a soldier from Durham in Capt. Fogg's 
company and was wounded in one foot "when at home on a fur- 
lough in the year 1782 & that Docf Nathaniel Kidder of New- 
market had the care of the wound until it was healed." [N. H. 
Town Papers, XI, 591.] 

James Leigh ton was born in Dover 12 October 1749 and died 
22 February 1824. He was buried in the village cemetery at 
Durham. He was a tailor by trade, and enlisted in Capt. Win- 
born Adams' company in 1775 and remained in service during 
1776. Afterward he entered the naval serv-ice and served three 
years under Commodore John Paul Jones, on the Ra^iger and on 
the Bon Ilomme Richard. He was one of the marines who took 
the plate from Lord Selkirke on the coast of Ireland, and when it 
was ordered to be returned he was one of the party sent to deliver 
it. He was quick tempered, fearless and always ready for 
adventure. 

Lieut. Tobias Leigh ton, born in Dover 9 May 1736, enlisted 
as sergeant in same com]jany as his brother, James. Was lieu- 
tenant 19 September 1776 and marched with Col. Long's 



148 HISTORY OF DURHAM 

regiment to Ticonderoga. He married Ann Tuttle and died in 
Madbury, in 1812. [See Genealogical Notes.] 

Valentine Leigh ton of Durham was mustered into Col. Moon- 
ey's regiment i July 1779. He was in the expedition to Rhode 
Island serving five months and twenty days. He afterwards en- 
listed for the war and 2 June 1781 was in Capt. Rowell's company, 
in Col. Reid's regiment. He married, 15 April 1784, Sally Wille, 
who was buried 3 February 1785. An only child was buried 14 
November 1785. 

Lieut. John Griffin was born at Gloucester, Mass., 25 July 1740. 
He was lieutenant in Capt. Winborn Adams' company, in 1775. 
He married, 18 May 1767, Hannah Gerrish of Berwick, Me., 
born 20 June 1746. She died 11 March 1830. The following 
children were recorded in Durham: Adoniram, born 28 March 
1768, married 18 August 1799, Ruth Currier, and died 20 June 
1 851; Nancy, born 5 November 1769, married Isaac Chesley, 
Jr., 17 November 1796; Hannah, born 18 September 1771, 
died young; William, born 13 October 1772, died young; William, 
born 6 April 1774; Winborn, born 13 October 1776; Mary, born 
23 September 1780; and John, born 17 June 1782, published to 
Keziah Jenkins of Lee, 18 November 1806. Lieut. Griffin died 
in 1788 and was buried in Durham. He is called captain in 
1782 and was selectman 1782-87. In the taxlist of 1787 he is 
"Col. John Griffin." 

Ens. John Starbird, born 7 February 1755, was the son of 
Lieut. John Starbird, who died 17 October 181 1, aged 87 years, 
eight months, a soldier in the French and Indian Wars. He 
enlisted as corporal in Capt. Winborn Adams' company, 1775. 
He appears as ensign in Capt. Caleb Hodgdon's company, 
Col. Pierce Long's regiment 25 September 1776. His company 
was stationed at Portsmouth and marched to Ticonderoga in 
1777. After the war he was made lieutenant and was a pensioner. 
He lived not far from the old railroad station and was a shoe- 
maker. He died 17 October 1841 and is buried in the village 
cemetery, without a gravestone. His wife, Rebecca, died 9 
February 1825, aged 68. Their children were Sally, who married 
Stephen Hodgdon in 1810; Lois, who married (i) Calvin Picker- 
ing, (2) Hazen, (3) Levi Cram; Stephen, who married 

(i) Tamsen Nute who died 24 February 1848, (2) Caroline 
(Teague) Davis, widow of Daniel Davis. Stephen Starbird died 



HISTORY OF DURHAM I49 

15 December 1869, aged 81 years, 8 months. Other sons of Ens. 
John Starbird were John, who married 23 December 1836, Olive, 
daughter of Edward Winslow Emerson, and Samuel, a sea captain 
in merchant service, who died 15 November 1825, aged 44 years. 
All the sons took part in the War of 18 12, Stephen on the Canada 
frontier, and John and Samuel in the privateer service. 

Samuel Scales was born in Durham, 1754. He was a private 
in Capt. Smith Emerson's company, 5 November 1775, enlisting 
from Lee. He died in March, 1778. His wife was Hannah Lang- 
ley, who married (2) 1784 Samuel Hill of Loudon, N. H. Samuel 
Scales was buried in the old town cemetery in Lee. A common 
field stone, with the initials S. S., marks his grave. A posthu- 
mous son, Samuel, was born April, 1778. 

Samuel Thompson was born in Durham about 1755. He served 
seven years in the Revolutionary Army, eighteen months in Col. 
Poor's regiment and five years in Maj. Whitcomb's rangers. In 
1820 he was living in Sandwich, N. H., aged 64. He then had a 
wife, aged 50, and daughter, aged 13. He was a farmer and 
much troubled with rheumatism. 

James Thompson, brother to the above, son of James and 
Mary (Clark) Thompson, was in Capt. Winborn Adams' company 
in 1775, then aged 26. He served three years in the army. 

Vincent Torr enlisted at the age of 17 in Capt. Winborn Adams' 
company, 20 July 1775, and served at Winter Hill, Mass. He 
recnlisted for three years, 8 February 1777, in Capt. Frederick 
M. Bell's company. Col. Hale's regiment. He was at Ticonder- 
roga and in the battle of Stillwater, or Bemis Heights, and wintered 
at Valley Forge. Died in Newmarket, 11 May 1829. [See 
Genealogical Notes.] 

Samuel Williams was on the muster roll of Lieut. Piper's 
company, at Portsmouth in 1780. He enlisted 20 July of that 
year for six months. He or his family received supplies from 
Durham, March 1778 and onward till 1781. His wife's name was 
Sobriety (Bamford?). He was of Barnstead in 1781 as a recruit 
for Durham. 

Lemuel B. Mason, son of Robert and Susanna (Bickford) 
Mason, was born in Durham, February 1759. He was an infant 
when his father died and was but sixteen years old when he en- 
listed, probably from Newington, soon after the battle of Bunker 
Hill. He remained in the army eight years, till the proclamation 



150 HISTORY OF DURHAM 

of peace. He participated in the battles of Trenton, Princeton, 
Monmouth, and Stillwater. He was present at the surrender of 
Burgoyne and was with Gen. Sullivan in his expedition against 
the Indians. His captain taught him to read and write and he 
became sergeant, clerk and lieutenant. In leading scouting 
parties against the Indians he had bullets put through his coat 
and hat but was never wounded. Once he saved himself by 
hiding in a hollow log all night. He returned to Newington 
penniless and despoiled of his inheritance. Here he married (i) 
Sarah Nutter, who died childless. He married (2) 16 November 
1786 Mary Chamberlain in New Durham and had thirteen chil- 
dren. He removed from New Durham to Alton, where he served 
several years as selectman, and thence to Gilford. He served 
one year as captain in the War of 1812. He lived at Gilford 
many years, receiving in old age a pension of $320. He had a 
justice's commission in 1838. He died in Moultonborough, 30 
March 1851, aged 92 years, 2 months. His wife died 4 February 
1 85 1, aged 82 years. 

David Davis, born 25 August 1760, was a pensioner. He 
served in Capt. Archelaus Woodman's company. Col. John 
Waldron's regiment in January 1776. In August of that year 
he enlisted in Capt. Smith Emerson's company. Col. Thomas 
Tash's regiment, and in December of the same year he was in 
Capt. Samuel Wallingford's company, Col. David Gilman's 
regiment. In August 1777 he again entered service as private 
in Capt. George Tuttle's company, Col. Stephen Evans' regi- 
ment, which took part in the battle of Saratoga. In June 1778 
he enlisted for eight months in Capt. Stephen Jenkins' company, 
Col. Thomas Poor's regiment. In July 1779 he enlisted for the 
sixth time in Capt. Samuel Runnels' company. Col. Hercules 
Mooney's regiment. He died at Packer's Falls, 19 November 
1835- 

The War of 1812. 

The War of 18 12 called but few soldiers from Durham and led 
to the building of two privateers. The following, who served 
in that war, are buried in the village cemetery; Joseph P. Burn- 
ham, Zachariah Bunker, George Hull, Capt. Joseph Richardson, 
Capt. Alfred Smith, Stephen Starbird and Rufus W^illey. Burn- 
ham and Bunker married twin sisters, Esther and Mercy Varney, 



HISTORY OF DURHAM I5I 

and both served in the same company. Bunker was wounded 
at Fort Erie in upper Canada by the bursting of a shell and had 
to have his left leg amputated. He drew a pension of $8 per 
month, which was later increased to $15. He lived between 
the Ffrost house and the landing, at the Falls. George Hull 
was confined for a time in Dartmoor prison, England. He was 
captured on board a privateer. 

The privateer Harlequin was built in Durham, near the Pas- 
cataqua bridge, b\' Andrew Simpson. It was built of good white 
oak, one hundred and four feet in length of deck, and pierced for 
twenty- two guns. The cost was $25 per ton, carpenter's measure- 
ment, and most of the seventy-five shares were taken by people 
in Portsmouth. The Harlequin was captured 21 October 18 14, 
after about two yetars of servic'e. Also the privateer, Andrew 
Jackson, was built by Mr. Simpson but delivered too late, 24 
August 1 8 15, to be of service in the war. 

The mihtar>' rolls of 18 12-15 contain the names of Durham men 
who served from the nth to the 28th of September 1814, when 
it was feared that the British forces would attempt the capture 
of Portsmouth. In the roll of Capt. John Willey's company 
appear the names of Ebenezer Cromit, first lieutenant, and pri- 
vate Stephen Bodge, who both served sixty days. In Capt. 
Andrew Nute's company are found the names of Moses Emerson 
3d, Joseph Burnham, Ely Demeritt, Eben Demeritt and Stephen 
Demeritt, the last three probably from Madbury, who served 
sixty days. In Capt. William Wiggin's company are found 
Lieut. Stephen Paul, Ens. Larkin P. Edgerly; Sergts. Ebenezer 
Doe, Mark Willey, Robert Furness, and James Willey, Jr.; 
Corporals Stephen Willey, Daniel Cram, David Rand; Supply 
Johnson, and Musicians Francis Drew and Joseph Ellison. The 
privates in the same company were Thomas Chesley, Benjamin 
Doe, William French, Samuel Stacey, Jonathan Dockhum, 
Joshua Drew, Joseph Applebee, Jacob K. Watson, George W^ood- 
man, Hervey Presson, Samuel Drew, Joseph Thomas. Jr., Eliot 
Burnham, Samuel Savage, Daniel Willey, Robert Willey, George 
Libby, John Burnham, Nathaniel Ham, Phineas Willey, Asa 
Durgin, Timothy Pendergast, Jacob Garland, Daniel Pinkham, 
Joseph Langley, David Davis, Noah Willey, Samuel Edgerly, 
William Smith, Stephen Cogan, Nathan Keniston, Joseph Doe 
and John Downing. 



152 HISTORY OF DURHAM 

In Capt. Alfred Smith's company are found the names of 
1st Lieut. George Hull, 2d Lieut. Nathan Woodman, 3d Lieut. 
Benjamin Dame, Sergts. George Dame, Stephen Twombly, 
Daniel Young, Henry Wiggin, John Yeaton and Moses Wood- 
man, Corporals, Jacob Odell, James Durgin, John Pinkham, 
George Frost, Jr., and Musicians Francis Butler, Moses 
Hanscom and Edward Mason. The privates in the same 
company were Benjamin Tuttle, Bradbury Thomas, Daniel 
Edgerly, Ebenezer Joy, Enoch Holt, Enoch Durgin, Jacob Ben- 
nett, Jeremiah Elliot, James Smart, Levi Thompson, Willet 
Wedgewood, Samuel Chesley, Timothy Emerson, Thomas James, 
Samuel Mathews, William Footman, Edward Griffiths, John P. 
Jones, Reuben French, James Pendergast, Daniel Lakin, Samuel 
Lamos, Adoniran Grffiin, John Smith, Daniel Taylor and John 
Bean. This was, without doubt, a Durham company. 

Nathaniel Sias of Newmarket, born in Durham, appears as 
major of the Fourth Regiment in 18 14. Ebenezer Cromit was 
adjutant, inspector and brigade major of detached battalion. 
Col. George Sullivan, son of Gen. John Sullivan, appears as 
aide. 

Some Durham names appear in Capt. Charles E. Tobey's 
company, such as Stephen Starbird, Joseph Burnham, Joshua 
Chesley and James Chesley. 

The Civil War. 

Just now the Sons and Daughters of the American Revolution 
are glorifying their ancestors. The time may come when the 
descendants of those who fought for the preservation of the great 
American republic will be equally proud of their ancestry. It is 
fitting that a record of the soldiers of the Union Army should be 
preserved, though little more than their names can be mentioned 
here. There seems to be good evidence that the first two men 
in New Hampshire to enlist were Col. John L. Kelley and Capt. 
Hollis O. Dudley. Mr. Kelley was a native of Madbury and spent 
his youth in Durham, whence his father had removed soon after 
his birth. Mr. Dudley lived some years in Durham after the 
war. They both enlisted 16 April 1861. 

Capt. John B. Sanders of Durham commanded a company 
of volunteers sent from this town to join the Sixth Regiment and 



HISTORY OF DURHAM 1 53 

was presented with a sword by some of the citizens of the town, 
"desirous of showing our appreciation of his energy and patriot- 
ism," as the subscription paper says. 

Of those who died in the army and were buried in Durham the 
following Hst has been made: 

George W. Bunker, enUsted 8 November 1864; buried at Mast 
Road cemetery. He served in the Navy. 

Charles S. Davis, Company M, First Cavalry; enlisted 23 
December 1861 ; discharged for disability 27 June 1862; promoted 
to corporal. He was transferred to the Navy. Buried at the 
Albert Young graveyard. 

John F. Langley, corporal. Company H, Sixth Regiment; 
enlisted 30 November 1861 ; died 8 March 1862 ; buried at Durham 
Point. 

Alphonso Pinkham, corporal. Company H, Sixth Regiment; 
enlisted 28 November 1861; promoted to sergeant; died at Dur- 
ham while on a furlough, 28 August 1863, buried in the village 
cemetery. 

Samuel Stevens, wagoner. Company H, Sixth Regiment; 
enlisted 28 November 1861; discharged 27 November 1864; 
buried in graveyard on Martha A. Stevens' land. James M. 
Stevens, his brother, is buried in the same yard. 

Samuel E. Smith, wagoner. Company H, Sixth Regiment; 
enlisted 28 November 1861; reenlisted 2 January 1864; died 15 
April 1865; buried in \illage cemetery. 

Amos M. Smart, Company K, Eleventh Regiment; enlisted 
2 September 1862; died 6 April 1863 of typhoid fever; buried in 
the village cemetery. 

Enrollment of all Able-bodied Male Citizens in the Toioi of 
Durham, Made by the Selectmen, August 20, 1862. 

Age. Names Occupation. Age. Names. Occupation. 

28 Abbott, Iloratio P. Tanner Bunker, Daniel C. 

24 Adams, Joseph M. R. 28 Bunker, John J. Carpenter 

Farmer 25 Bunker, George W. Shoemaker 

23 Allen, William H. Laborer 23 Bunker, Charles H. Farmer 

38 Athcrton, Bradi)ury Miller 21 Bunker, George F". 

18 Bunker, Charles A. 

39 Butler, James Farmer 19 Brock, Haley D. Farmer 
Broderick, John Laborer Bickford, D. Page Farmer 
Butler, George VV. 44 Bickford, D. Prescott 

37 Bunker, William H. Farmer Farmer 

32 Bunker, James Al. Farmer 24 Bickford, John F. Shoemaker 



154 



HISTORY OF DURHAM 



Age. Names. Occupation. 

40 Burnham, George W. 

Farmer 

26 Berry, Samuel Laborer 
36 Berry, Richard Laborer 
28 Brown, Jacob K. Farmer 

30 Chadwick, William 

B. Clerk in P.O. 

23 Chesley, John S. Farmer 
Chesley, George E. Farmer 

24 Colman, Oliver W. Laborer 

27 Colman, Daniel S. 
Cummins, Charles D. 

36 Corson, John Farmer 

30 Corson, Aaron Laborer 
26 Corson, Charles H. 

Channel, William J. Farmer 
Coffin, William R. Shoemaker 
40 Church, Israel R. 
26 Dame, George E. Farmer 
26 Dame, Moses G. Stone Cutter. 

28 Dame, Levi Shoemaker 

26 Dame, Hunkin H. Farmer 
24 Dame, Sylvester Farmer 
18 Dame, Asa G. Farmer 
39 Drew, John Farmer 
44 Demeritt, John C. Farmer 
21 DeMeritt, George P. Farmer 

18 DeMeritt, Charles Farmer 

37 DeMeritt, Oliver P. Overseer in 

Factory 

23 Doe, Olinthus N. Farmer 

24 Doe, Horace B. Farmer 
34 Doe, Ebenezer F. Farmer 

31 Doe, Andrew J. Farmer 
Dowe, George M. 

30 Davis, Ebenezer M. Miller 

34 Davis William H. Tin Pedlar 

39 Durgin, John W. Farmer 

27 Drew, John F. Farmer 
Drew, Henry A. Farmer 

34 Emerson, Ebenezer T. 

Farmer 

19 Emerson, Charles W. 
30 Emerson, John P. 

21 Emerson, John Farmer 



Age. Names. 
24 Emerson, Samuel 
28 Edgerly, Eli 
26 Edgerly, George 
21 Edgerly, Richard 
Edgerly, James B. 



Occupation. 
Farmer 
Farmer 
Shoemaker 
Farmer 



18 Frost, George S. 
41 Foss, Leonard 
43 Fowler, Joseph 
28 Fowler, George 

31 Francis, Robert W. 
33 George, Isaac B. 

Gleason, Albert 
40 Glidden, David S. 

Greene, Samuel H. 

Gerrish, Ferdinando 

20 Griffiths, Edward B. 

19 Griffiths, William H, 

19 Hanson, John A. 
30 Hayes, Ezra 

21 Hayes, John S. 
Hall, Lafayette 

40 Haley, Michael 

41 Ham, John F. 

43 Hull, Cyrus G. 

36 Hodgdon, Joseph H 
39 Hobbs, William R. 
27 Jackman, Charles 

44 Jones, William F. 
23 Joy, Charles 

18 Jones, Charles O. 



Student 

Farmer 
Mason 
Farmer 
Depot Master 

Farmer 

Physician 

Phj'sician 

Farmer 

.Farmer 

Laborer 

Farmer 

Machinist 

Laborer 

Butcher 

Mason 

.Laborer 

Machinist 

Shoemaker 

Farmer 

Teacher 

Laborer 



22 Kent, Ebenezer, Jr. 
29 Kent, James M. 

32 Kent, George W. 

26 Keniston, George O. 

41 Kingman, John W. Counsellor 

Lancaster, Edward M. 

Teacher 

33 Langley, Samuel Farmer 

21 Langley, Jeremiah Shoemaker 
Langley, Moses B. 

35 Langley, William D. Farmer 
26 Langley, John E. Carpenter 

22 Langley, Charles F. Farmer 



HISTORY OF DURHAM 



155 



Age. Names. Occupation 

Langmaid, William B. 

Langmaid, Charles A. 

Langmaid, Jacob H. 
38 Long, James W. 

Long, James H. 

Long, George W. 
26 Long, John 
24 Lucus, James 



Alien-Laborer 
Brickmaker 



21 Marden, Bartholomew- 
Laborer 

41 Mathes, John ]\L Farmer 
44 Mathes, Clark Farmer 

21 IMathes, John H. Brickmaker 
24 Mathes, Burnham Brickmaker 

21 Mathes, Mark H. Farmer 

19 Mathes, Hamilton A. 

Farmer 

20 Mathes, John A. Farmer 
24 Meserve, Winthrop S. 

Farmer 

42 Meader, Stephen Farmer 
27 McKone, Peter Laborer 

43 Moring, Andrew D. Carpenter 

22 Nute, Albert M. Sailor 
19 Nute, Augustus P. Farmer 



Odell, Albert 
41 Odiorne, John H. 

41 Paul, Stephen 
29 Paul, Charles H. 
27 Paul, Alfred F. 
32 Palmer, James B. 



Student 
Farmer 

Carpenter 
Machinist 
Shoemaker 
Shoemaker 



23 Perkins, Marcellus Shoemaker 
35 Perkins, Thomas H. Laborer 

25 Rand, Stephen Shoemaker 

23 Ransom, Reuben ^L 
23 Ransom, Alonzo 

Roberts, Blake 
32 Savage, Sylvester Carpenter 
43 Savage, Henry F. Carpenter 

37 Shepard, Jacob Shoemaker 
35 Stevens, Nathaniel Farmer 

38 Stevens, Nathaniel, Jr. 

Farmer 



Age. Names. 

19 Stevens, David A. 
Stevens, Darius 
Stevens, Federal B. 
Stevens, Parker, Jr, 
Stevens, David 

38 Smart, John 

27 Smart, Amos M. 

Smart, Charles H. 
40 Smart, James M. 

39 Smith, Joshua B. . 
Smith, Joseph 

25 Sullivan, David 
37 Sullivan, John 
Smith, John S. 



Occupation. 

Farmer 

Farmer 



Laborer 
Laborer 
Farmer 
Farmer 
Farmer 
Farmer 
Farmer 
Alien-Laborer 
Ordained 
Minister 



25 Thompson, Andrew B. 

Shoemaker 
39 Thompson, Samuel W. 

Farmer 
41 Thompson, Ebenczer 

Farmer 

22 Thompson, John W. E. 

Farmer 
Thompson, Daniel G. 

Student 
Thompson, True W. 

Teacher 
27 Thompson, Charles A. C. 

Farmer 
Trickey, John F. 
Twombly, John R. Laborer 
34 Twombly, Reuben H. 

Farmer 
19 Tuttle, William, Jr. Farmer 

Tuttle, Charles H. 
27 Tufts, Willard C. 
36 Tufts, Samuel B. 

36 Watson, John Farmer 

23 Whitehorn, Charles H. 

Farmer 
21 Whitehorn, Alphonzo L. 

Farmer 

26 Wentworth, John N. 

Farmer 

27 Wiggin, George T. Teacher 



156 



HISTORY OF DURHAM 



Age. Names. Occupation. 

42 Wiggin, Nathaniel P. 

Carpenter 
19 Wiggin, Charles E. Farmer 
33 Wiggin, William Farmer 
22 Woodman, Daniel A. 

Farmer 
42 Woodman, W^illiam Farmer 
44 Willed', Ira Carpenter 

24 Willey, Mark E. Carpenter 



Age. Names. Occupation. 

26 Willey, Charles H. Carpenter 
38 Wigglesworth, James L. 

Shoemaker 
19 Walker, Charles W. Farmer 

41 Yeaton, Nathaniel Fisherman 

Young, Josiah B. 

25 Young, Albert Farmer 

36 York, John B. Mason. 



Alphabetical List of Durham Soldiers in the Civil War. 

Those names marked with a cross + were residents of Durham 
as shown by town records, the others were probably persons 
who enlisted to help make up Durham's quota of soldiers. List 
made out by Lucien Thompson from Adjutant General's List, 
Regimental Histories and Durham Records. 



Name. 


CO. 


REGT. 


NAME. 


CO. 


REGT. 


+Abbott, Horatio P. 




E 


13 


Clark, James 




I 


4 


Adams, Charles 
+ Adams, Enoch G., 


1st 




H 


Clayton, Wilton H. 


( 
1 


c 
c 


10 

2 


U. S. V. 




D 


2 


Cleves, John (alias 


Johi 


1 




Ainsworth, Charles 




B 


10 


Averill) 




c 


6 


+ Allen, William H. 




K 


II 










Armstrong, James 




E 


4 


Conley, James 




F 


14 


Averill, John (alias 


Joh: 


n 




+ Dame, Joseph W. 




G 


H 


Cleves) 




C 


6 


+ Davis, Alfred E. 
Davis, Charles 




H 
K 


6 
5 


Baptiste, Oudin Jean 




F 
F 


II 
6 


+ Davis, Charles S., Co 
I Cav. 


.. M. 


•; 




+ Barrett, John 




C 


6 


+ Davis, David 0. 




D 


2 


+ Berry, Samuel 




A 


2 






F 


5 


+ Bickford, Charles H. 




B 


5 


+ Demeritt, George P. 




K 


II 


+ Bickford, Dudley P., J 


r. 






Dexter, Charles R. 




C 


5 


+ Bickford, John E. 




K 


5 


+ Doeg, George P. 




D 


3 


Boudy, Anthony, i Cav. 






+ Doeg, John H. 




A 


9 


+ Britton, James (also 


in 


B 


17 


Dority, John C. 




F 


6 


Navy) 




K 


2 


+ Dowe, George M. 




E 


13 


Burns, Harry 




A 


2 


+ Edgerly, Charles E. B. 




D 


12 


Carroll, John 




C 


3 


+ Edgerly, George E. 








+ Chadwick, William B. 




D 


15 


+ Edgerly, Joseph 




D 


3 


+ Chapman, Joseph H. 




E 
B 


13 




Ellison, George W. 




H 


6 


+ Chesley, Alfred E., 


U. S 


^ 


+ Francis, Robert W. 




E 


13 


Army 17th. 
















Chidsy, Fred S., V. R. 


C. 






Gammon, Charles 




K 


3 



HISTORY OF DURHAM 



157 



NAME. CO. REGT. 

+ Gerrish, Fcrdinando E. E 13 

Gleason, John F 13 

Golliez, Edward K 5 

+ Goodrich, John E 13 

+ Goodwin, James L. An 

+ Goodwin, Robert D 15 

+ Grover, John H. L. H 6 

Ham, Charles M. B 10 

Hancock, Nath-., U. S. C. T. 

+ Hanson, George W. H 6 

+ Hanson, John A. K 1 1 

Haughay, Peter B 

+ Hayes, Charles W. H. H 
+ Hewins, Otis W. (or 

Hawkins) G 

Jackson, John K i 

+ Jones, Charles P. K 1 1 
+ Jones, Samuel J. 

Jones, William 

Kellcy, Patrick F 7 

+ Keniston, George O. E 13 

Kennedy, Michael K 5 

+ Kent, Charles A. E 13 

+ Kingman, Col. John W. 15 

Laerny, William K 11 

+ Langley, George E., Co. K, 

Cavalry B i 

+ Langley, John F. H 6 

+ Langley, Moses B., Co. B., 

N. H. H. A. 

+ Lees, Thomas B 2 

+ Long, George W. E 13 

+ Long, James H. K 11 

+ Long, Nicholas E 2 

+ Long, Perry D 3 



H 
B 
D 



Maccaboy, James 
Maloy, Dennis 



10 
6 

10 
I 



6 
10 

2 



E 5 

B 10 

C 2 

Malten, John C 10 
McDermott, F. C. B 10 
McDonncl, John, (McDon- 
ald) H 8 
McWilliams, Thomas 



NAME. CO. 

+ Mellen, Henr>'B., U. S. Cav. 

Moore, Wm. J. 
+ Moring, Andrew D. 

Morton, Charles 
+ Palmer, .A.sa D. 
+ Palmer, Ezekiel U. S. A., 
+ Palmer, George W. 
+ Palmer, Henry S. 
+ Palmer, Joseph 2^ 
+ Parker, Riley H. 
+ Paul, William E. 
+ Pendergast, George P. 
+ Philbrick, Charles W. 
+ Pinkham, Alphonso 
+ Pinkham, John H. 
+ Pinkham, Joshua 
+ Prescott, Benjamin 

+ Reynolds, Charles W. 



REGT. 

K II 

G 5 

H 6 

F 7 

F 7 

K 3 

A 9 

K II 



D 
B 
H 
H 
K 
F 



Roberts, John A. 

Rogers, John 
+ Ryan, Patrick, Co. H, Navy 
& 1st Cavalry 

Saunders, George 
+ Sanders, John B. 

Scales, Edward 

Scott, Austin 
+ Shepard, John 
+ Small, James R. 
+ Smart, Amos M. 

Smith, Daniel 

Smith, James 
+ Smith, Samuel E. 
+ Starbird, James W. 
+ Stevens, Andrew J. 
+ Stevens, Samuel 

Stewart, Horace M. 

+ Stimpson, Alfred 

+ Stimpson, Curtis 

Strunk, Isaac 

+ Thompson, S. Millet 
+ Tuttle, Andrew J. S. 
+ Tuttle, Freeman H. 



2 
2 
6 
6 

3 

7 



K 

I 5 

A 12 

D 10 



B 10 
B 6 



E 4 

G 5 

E 2 

G 7 

K II 
F 

S 7 

D 15 

H 6 

H 6 

I 6 

H 6 

B 10 

A 2 

H 6 

B 2 

A 12 

E 13 

E 13 

B 2 



158 



HISTORY OF DURHAM 



NAME. ( 

+ Tuttle, James H. 

Urnback, Adam 

Valley, Franklin? 
+ Vibbert, Luke R. 

+ Walker, James F. 
+ Walker, Thomas H., 
White, James 

Meti born in Durham, who lived elsewhere when they enlisted 

in the Civil War. 



REGT. 


NAME. 


CO. REGT. 


B 


3 


+ Willey, Henry 


K 


3 






+ Willey, Jonas M. 


H 


6 


E 


5 


+ Willey, James Warren 


K 


3 






Williams George 


E 


5 


H 


6 








H 


3 


Young, Charles, negro 


C&G 
D 


ID 

2 


H 


6 


+ Young, George B. 


K 


II 


D 


2 


+ Young, James T. 


K 


II 


K 


5 


+ Young, John T. 


E 


13 






Youngblet, Friedrick 


E 


12 



NAME. 


CO. REGT. 


NAME. 




CO. 


REGT. 


Adams, John 


B 


12 








D 


lO 


Bryant, John S. 


B 


3 








D 


2 


Chesley, Joseph M. 


E 


2 


Maj. Mellen, Henry 


B., 


U. 5 


). 




Colomy, Jacob, not born in D., 




Cavalry 










lived here after war. 


I 


3 


Randall, Charles D. 






D 


3 


Dudley, Hollis 0., not 


born in 




Reynolds, Charles W. 






K 




D. but lived here aft 


er war. 










I 


5 


1st N. H. Regt. & 


C 


II 


Ricker, Joseph 






I 


3 


Ellison, Geo. W. 


H 


6 


Speed, John 






A 


H 


Fernald, William J. 


G 


2 


Smith, Danieb 






F 




Farr, John 


B 


5 








S 


7 


Hill, Alfred H. 




3 


Stimpson, William 






H 


7 


Keyes, Phylander 


D 


9 


Stevens, James, lived here 


after 




Long, Nicholas 


E 


2 


war. 










Mendum, John, only l[\ 


•ed here 




Venner, James M. 






D 


2 


after the war 


D 


3 


Willey, James 






K 


7 



Durham Soldiers who Enlisted During Civil War in Other 
States, as Shown by Town of Durham Records 



NAME. 


REGT. CO 


1. STATE. 


John Conroy 


28 E 


Massachusetts 


Wm. Dame 




Wisconsin 


Daniel Walker 


1st 
Cavalry 


Massachusetts 


Edward Bickford 


45 B 


Massachusetts 


Michael Long 




Massachusetts 


Robert H. Mathes 


17 


Maine 


Lysander Richardson 


Navy 


Massachusetts 


Charles Edgerly 


12 E 


Massachusetts 


Samuel T. Long 


I G 


Massachusetts 


1 See Genealogical notes, 


Smith family. 





Sept. 2, i86i 



HISTORY OF DURHAM 



159 



Names of men who volunteered for 9 months in other States. 



NAME. 


REGT 


. CO 


K STATE. 


Edward Bickford 


45 


B 


Massachusetts 


Charles B. Jenness 


48 




Massachusetts 


John Conroy 


28 


E 


Massachusetts 


Lysander Richardson 






Wisconsin 


William Dame 






Wisconsin 


Thomas Ilenney 


13 


H 


Maine 


William Henney 


5 


B 


Maine 


George Hoitt 


Cavalry 


Rhode Island 


Daniel Mathes 






Massachusetts 



Durham Men in the Navy During the Civil War 



NAME. 
Chas. W. Reynolds 



Benjamin F. Jackson 
Charles W. Davis 
Charles B. Jenness 
George F. Richardson 
Ebenezer S. Chapman 
Albert B. Clement 
Lysander Richardson 
James Britton 

Sylvanus Chapman 
Luko Long 
Patrick Ryan 
Cephas Hcpworth 
John Dcnney (A. G. S.) 
John Drew 



MUSTERED IN. NAVY. TERM. AGE. 

Apr. 25, Landsman 3 reenlisted Aug. 

1861 

May 13, Landsman 

1861 
May 13, Landsman 

1861 
May 15, Landsman i 21 

1861 
]\Iay 16, Landsman 2 or 3 27 reenlisted Oct. 







19, 


1864, 


5 






yrs. 






3 


21 








3 


21 









1861 








12, 1862 


May 29, 
1861 


ordinary 


I 


31 




July 29, 
1861 


Landsman 


3 


21 




Sept. 2, 




3 


25 


reenlisted Dec. 


1861 
Oct. 14, 
1861 

Nov. 20 


Landsman 
, Landsman 


I 


21 


2, 1864. marine 

reenlisted 1863- 

I year, Aug. 

19 1864-2 yr. 


1861 










Feb. 19, 


Landsman 


3 


21 




1862 










July 24, 
1862 


Landsman 


I 


19 




Aug. 9, 
1862 


Landsman 


I 


21 




Sept. 15 

1863 
Oct. 23, 


, Navy 
Seaman 


I 


35 


reenlisted Oct. 


1863 






21 


, 1864, 2 years. 



l60 HISTORY OF DURHAM 



NAME. MUSTERED IN. NAVY. 


TERM. 


AGE. 


William Tuttle, Jr. 


Aug. 6, Navy 
1864 


I 




Charles S. Davis 


Oct. 29, Navy 
1864 


2 




Charles H. Bunker 


Nov. 7, Navy 
1864 


4 




George W. Bunker 


Nov. 8, Navy 
1864 


2 




James L. Goodwin 


Oct. 22, Navy 
1864 


2 




Henry Mathews (4 years) 


July 6, Navy 
1859 


I 


25 


Wallace Halstead (4 years) 


Aug. 23, 
1859 


I 


23 


Asa Mathes 









The accompanying group of veterans, living half a century- 
after their services in the Union Army, are now champions of 
peace and fraternity. They are here presented with the grati- 
tude and congratulations of fellow townsmen. Beginning with 
the upper row, at the left, they are: George P. Demeritt, Lieut. 
Co. K, nth Regt. N. H. Vols.; John H. Doeg, Co. A, 9th Regt. 
N. H. Vols.; George P. Doeg, Co. D, 3rd Regt. N. H. Vols.; 
David O. Davis, Co. D, 2nd Regt. and Co. F, 5th Regt. N. H. 
Vols.; Silas Jenkins, Corp. Co. D, First Mass. Heavy Artillery. 
Those in the lower row, beginning also at the left, are: Samuel 
J. Jones, Co. H, 6th Regt. N. H. Vols.; True W. Lovering, Co. F, 
13th Regt. N. H. Vols.; Riley H. Parker, Co. A, 9th Regt. N. H. 
Vols.; Joshua Pinkham, Co. K, 3rd Regt. N. H. Vols.; and David 
A. Stevens, Co. E, First Regt. of Heavy Artillery. 

Earlier in this chapter has been presented the military record 
of some who were prominent in the struggle for national inde- 
pendence. The lapse of time has added to their laurels. Half 
a century has passed since the war for the preservation of the 
union, and perhaps this is perspective enough for history to 
make mention of their deeds. The following condensed state- 
ments of military services may interest some future generations 
even more than those who now read them. 

Enoch G. Adams enlisted from Durham, 22 April 1851, at 
the age of 32, for three months. He reenlisted, 10 May 1861 
for three years and was mustered in i June of the same year. 
He was promoted to sergeant, i October 1861, and was severely 




'A 



a 

< 



as 

Q 



o 
x; 



as 
< 




U 

S3 
H 

O 



O 
> 

> 

as 

CD 





11 



1 62 HISTORY OF DURHAM 

wounded at Williamsburg. He was promoted to be second 
lieutenant, lo August 1862, and was commissioned captain 
of Company D, First United States Volunteers, 30 April 1864. 
He was mustered out of service at Fort Leavenworth, Kan., 2 
November 1865, having been brevetted major for gallantry. 
From May to September, 1865, he was in command at Fort 
Erie, Dak., as ranking officer of the three regiments comprising 
its garrison. After leaving the service he spent some years on 
the Pacific Coast, being registrar of land under appointment 
of President Grant, at Vancouver, and published a newspaper 
there. He settled on a farm in Berwick, Me., where he died. 

Capt. John B. Sanders was born in Effingham, August 1817, 
and at the outbreak of the rebellion was a traveling salesman 
with a good salary. He succeeded in enlisting sixty men and 
received a captain's commission from Gov. Berry and was 
presented with a sword by people in Durham. He was in the 
Burnside expedition, had a sunstroke at Newport News in July, 
1862, and was forced by ill health to resign. He belonged to 
the famous Sixth New Hampshire Regiment of Volunteers, 
that fought in twenty-three battles and lost two thirds of its 
original number of men. Capt. Sanders after the war resided 
in Dover, where he died, having suffered much from disease 
contracted in the service. 

The following is taken from the History of the Seventh New 
Hampshire Regiment: 

Major Daniel Smith was a son of Winthrop Smith, Esq., of Durham. He 
was born at that place on the 27th of January, 1823. After graduation from 
the public schools of his native town he attended for several terms the acade- 
mies at Greenland and Pittsfield. In early life he adopted the business of 
landsurveyor, which to him proved eminently successful. In 1850 he was com- 
missioned lieutenant-colonel of the Twenty-fifth Regiment of New Hampshire 
Militia, and besides filled many positions of honor and trust in his native town. 
In 1854 he removed to Dover and from 1855 to i860 he was deputy sheriff 
for Strafford County, city marshal for Dover for three years, and a representa- 
tive from that city to the popular branch of the New Hampshire legislature 
in i860 and 1 86 1. For his character as a man and for the many desirable 
qualities he possessed for the position he was appointed and commissioned 
major of the Seventh Regiment on the 15th of October, 1861. He went with 
his regiment to New York city, thence to Fort Jefferson, Fla., where he served 
ably and acceptably as provost marshal, until the regiment moved to Beau- 
fort, N. C, where he was seized with fever. He was permitted to go home on 
a leave of absence, arriving at his house in a very enfeebled condition, and 



HISTORY OF DURHAM 



163 



died on the 26th of August, 1862, leaving a widow and four children. As a 
citizen Major Smith was highly respected and discharged all official and public 
duties with intelligence and fidelity. While in the army his promptness, 
valor and uniform cheerfulness and kindness to the oflficers and men won for 
him the confidence, respect, and affection of all with whom he became as- 
sociated. 




Major Daniel Smith 



It may be ^ldcIed that he was a selectman in Durham in 1847 
and chairman of the board in 1849 and 1851-52. He and his 
line of ancestry made four generations wiio held the rank of 
major. [See Genealogical Notes on the Smith family.] 

Lieut. Stephen Millett Thompson was born in Barnstead, 27 
April 1838. In youth he fitted at Phillips Academy, Exeter, for 
the sophomore year of Harvard and later studied medicine for 
one year. He enlisted in Company E, Thirteenth New Hampshire 
Regiment, from Durham at the age of 24. He was mustered in 
19 September 1862, as first sergeant, and was promoted to 



1 64 HISTORY OF DURHAM 

second lieutenant, lo June 1863. He was wounded severely, 
15 June 1864, in the assault on Battery 5, Petersburg, Va., 
and was discharged on account of wounds, 4 October 1864. 
He wrote the history of his regiment. After the war he resided 
in Providence, R. I., where he died about 1910. [See Genea- 
logical Notes on the Thompson family.] 

David O. Davis enlisted 30 April 1861 in Company D, Sec- 
ond New Hampshire Regiment, at age of 30. He was born at 
Alton. He reenlisted 10 May 1861 for three years and was must- 
ered in as corporal i June 1861. He was discharged for disabil- 
ity, 19 September 1862, near Fairfax Seminary, Va. In August, 
1853, he was drafted and assigned to the Fifth New Hampshire 
Regiment. He was wounded at Fort Steadman, captured at 
Farmville and again discharged for disability after the surrender. 
He lived after the war at Durham and was mail carrier and 
expressman. Later he removed to Newmarket. [See Genealog- 
ical Notes on the Davis family.] 

Charles S. Davis, brother of Davis O. Davis, enlisted for three 
months, 13 May 1861, and was mustered into Company M of 
the New Hampshire Battalion of the First New England Cavalry, 
24 December 1861. He was promoted to corporal and discharged 
for disability 2^] June 1862. He enlisted for two years in the 
navy, 29 October 1864. He was buried in the Albert Young 
graveyard in Durham. [See Genealogical Notes.] 

George P. Pendergast, born in Durham, enlisted 29 April 
1 861, at age of 21, in Company D of the Second New Hampshire 
Regiment. He reeinlisted 10 May 1861 for three years and was 
killed at the battle of Williamsburg, Pa., 5 May 1862. 

Thomas H. Walker was born in Boston, Mass., but enlisted 
from Durham, where he was living with his sister, Mrs. James 
Monroe Smart, 25 April 1861, at the age of 23. He reenlisted 
10 May 1 861 for three years in the Second New Hampshire 
Regiment, and was mustered in as sergeant i June 1861. He 
was discharged for disability at Washington, D. C, i August 
of the same year. He reenlisted 11 September 1861 in Company 
K of the Fifth New Hampshire Regiment as sergeant and was 
promoted to second lieutenant 15 December 1862, which office 
he resigned 11 June 1863. After the war he lived at Hyannis, 
Mass. 

Freeman H. Tuttle, son of John Landon Tuttle and wife, 



HISTORY OF DURHAM 1 65 

Elizabeth, was born in Durham and enlisted at age of 21 in 
Company B of the Second New Hampshire Regiment, 11 May 
1 86 1. He was wounded 25 June 1862 at Oak Grove, Va., and 
was transferred to the InvaHd Corps 15 August 1863. He was 
discharged at Washington, D. C, 10 June 1864. He was living 
in Dover in 1907. His Ijrothers, Andrew J. and James H., were 
also in the service. 

George E. Langley enlisted as a private in Compan\- B of the 
First New Hampshire Regiment, at the age of 22. He was 
mustered in 2 May 1861 and mustered out 9 August 1861. He 
reenlisted in Company K of the First New England Cavalry, 
afterward called the First Rhode Island Cavalry, and was mus- 
tered in 24 October 1861. He reenlisted 2 January 1864 in 
Company K of First New Hampshire Cavalry and w^as promoted 
to corporal i July 1865. He was mustered out with his regiment 
at Cloud's Hill, Va., 15 July 1865. His brother, Moses B. Lang- 
ley, was in Company B of the New Hampshire Heavy Artillery, 
mustered in 19 August 1863 and discharged with his regiment ii 
September 1865. [See Genealogical Notes on the Langley family.] 
George P. Doeg was born in Durham and enlisted at age of 
20 in Company D of the Third New Hampshire Regiment, 
9 August 1861. He was wounded 18 July 1863 and was dis- 
charged by surgeon's certificate of disability 7 November 1863, 
at Norris Island, S. C. 

Joseph Edgerly, born in Durham, enlisted 16 August, 1861, 
in Company D of the Third New Hampshire Regiment, at age 
of 26. He was discharged at Hilton's Head, S. C, 10 October 
1862, by surgeon's certificate of disability. His brother, Charles 
E. B. Edgerly, was in Company D of the Thirteenth New Hamp- 
shire Regiment. They were sons of Jacob and Elizabeth Edgerly. 
John Mendum, l)orn in Lee, enlisted from Durham, where 
he was a resident for many years after the war. He enlisted, i 
August 1861, in Company D of the Third New Hampshire 
Regiment, at age of 34. He was discharged at Hilton's Head, 
23 September 1863, for disability by reason of sickness. De- 
scribed as five feet, five inches, in height, of dark complexion, 
blue eyes and brown hair. He reenlisted in 1863 and served 
through the war, having been in many severe battles. He 
was mustered out 19 December 1865. He received a pension 
for a long time and died at (he Soldiers' Home at Tilton. 



1 66 HISTORY OF DURHAM 

Joshua Pinkham was enrolled at Dover, 20 August 1861 and 
discharged at Bermuda Hundred, Va., 23 August 1864. He is 
described as five feet, nine inches, in height, of dark complexion, 
dark eyes and dark hair. His brother, Alphonso Pinkham, died 
in the service. [See Genealogical Notes on the Pinkham fa'mily.] 
Samuel J. Jones was born in Lee, 29 April 1836. He enHsted, 
19 October 1861 for three years in Company H, of the Sixth 
New Hampshire Regiment. He was promoted from corporal 
to sergeant i April 1865, after having reenlisted 2 January 1864. 
He was mustered out 17 July 1865, and resides in Durham. 
He married at Newmarket, 22 January 1856, Eliza A. Berry 
of Strafford, who was born 5 February 1840. They had children, 
Orin F. born 10 January 1857, Marianna born 21 January 1859, 
and Samuel born 29 January 1862. 

Samuel E. Smith, born at South Andover, Mass., enlisted 
from Durham 2 November 1861, at age of 30, for three years 
in Company H of the Sixth New Hampshire Regiment. He 
reenlisted and was mustered in 2 January 1864. Captured i 
October 1864 at Poplar Springs Church, Va., and released. He 
died of disease at Durham 15 April 1865 and was buried in the 
village cemetery. The town records give his wife as Ann, aged 
23, and children, Mary 6, George 4, and Cora 2, who became 
the wife of Clarence I. Smart of Durham. 

James W. Starbird, son of John and Olive (Emerson) Star- 
bird, enlisted 30 October 1851, at age of 31, in Company H of 
the Sixth New Hampshire Regiment, for three years, and was 
discharged for disability 27 November 1862 at Washington, 
D. C. Town records say he had wife, Angeline P., aged 27, and 
children, Mary 8, Martha 6, and George i. 

George W. Palmer, son of Joseph and Rebecca (Leighton) 
Leathers, enlisted 9 October 1861 and served over three years. 
He was in Company F of the Seventh New Hampshire Regiment, 
and was appointed wagoner. He died at Durham 18 March 1905 
and was buried in Dover. He had a brother, Henry S. Palmer 
in the same company, aged 29, who was promoted from corporal 
to sergeant. Another brother, Asa D. Palmer, was in Company 
H of the Sixth New Hampshire Regiment. Henry S. Palmer 
removed to Maine. Their father was a brother to Ezekie^ 
Leathers, who had sons, Ezekiel, George and Joseph in military 
service in the Civil War. All the Durham Palmers had their 



HISTORY OF DURHAM 1 67 

surname changed from Leathers to Palmer by the legislature 
before the war. 

William E. Paul, son of James and Sarah (Jenkins) Paul^ 
was born in Durham and enlisted 2 September 1862 in Company 
K of the Eleventh New Hampshire Regiment, at age of 18. He 
was promoted to corporal and transferred to the Veteran Reserve 
Corps, I September 1863, from which he was discharged ii 
November 1863. He was killed near Shaw's House, Va., 16 
January 1864. 

Amos M. Smart, son of Enoch and Hannah (Glover) Smart, 
enlisted 18 August 1862, at age of 25, in Company K of the 
Eleventh New Hampshire Regiment. He died 6 April 1863, 
of typhoid fever, at Baltimore, Md., and was buried in the \il- 
lage cemetery at Durham. 

Joseph W. Dame, son of Joseph and Maria, was born in Dur- 
ham and enlisted, at age of 18, in Company G of the Eighth 
New Hampshire Regiment, 16 December 1861. He was pro- 
moted to corporal 15 March 1863. He reenlisted 4 March 1864 
and was transferred to Company B, Veteran Battalion, i Janu- 
ary 1865. He died at Durham, 18 May 1865. 

John H. Doeg was a native of Durham. He enlisted 5 June 
1862 in Company A, of the Ninth New Hampshire Regiment, 
aged 21. He was discharged at Washington, D. C, 13 November 
1862, on surgeon's certificate of disability. 

Silas Jenkins was born in Chatham, N. H., 30 March 1840. 
He was mustered into Company D of the First Massachusetts 
Volunteer Heavy Artillery, 4 April 1862, and was promoted 
to corporal 20 October 1863, near Fort Corcoran, Va. He was 
mustered out 3 April 1865. Described at enlistment as five 
feet, eight inches, in height, of light complexion, blue eyes, and 
sandy hair. After the war he lived at Natick, Mass., Greenland, 
N. H., and Durham since 1871. [See Genealogical Notes on 
the Jenkins family.] 

Charles H. Bunker was born in Durham, 24 February 1839, 
and enlisted in the nav>', 17 October 1864 for two years, on 
the United States ship Vandalia in Portsmouth Harbor. He 
acted as assistant ship's cook, or landsman. He was discharged 
18 May 1866; was a pensioner and lived on the Mast Road, 
dying 25 May 1903. He was son of Ephraim and Dolly (Merrill) 
Bunker. 



1 68 HISTORY OF DURHAM 

George W. Bunker, brother of Charles H. Bunker, was born 
in Durham, 13 October 1836. He also enlisted in the navy, 
17 October 1864. He was assigned to the same ship as his brother- 
and was mustered out 18 May 1866. He died 29 November 
1866. 

James M. Stevens was a soldier, enlisting from some other 
town. He lived in Durham many years and carried the mails, 
receiving back pay and pension. The old Kincaid land was 
acquired by him and sold to Prof. George H. Whitcher. See 
page 153 and genealogy of the Stevens family. 

Thus have been brought together, with painstaking research 
by Col. Lucien Thompson, some details of the military records 
of some of the best known volunteers of Durham. Others 
have been noticed in other chapters of this history, or incidentally 
mentioned in the Genealogical Notes. Earnest effort has been 
made to present the names of all Durham soldiers in the preced- 
ing alphabetical list. If any name has been omitted uninten- 
tionally no one will regret this more than the writer. 



SKETCH OF CHURCH HISTORY 

The earliest inhabitants of Oyster River Plantation worshiped 
at Dover Neck with all the settlers of ancient Dover, whither 
they went in boats. Here Richard Pinkham beat his drum to 
call the people to church, and here they listened successively 
to Revs. William Leverich, George Burdett, Hanserd Knollys, 
Thomas Larkham, and Daniel Maud. All this has been told at 
length in Dr. Quint's First Parish of Dover. 

An agreement was made, 14 July 165 1, that two ministers 
should be employed, at a salary of £50 each. Rev. Daniel Maud 
to remain at Dover Neck and another to be called to Oyster 
River. April 16, 1655, the town voted that all the rents of the 
saw-mills and a tax of two pence in the pound be devoted to 
the "comfortable maintenance of the ministry of Dover and 
Oyster River." A meeting house was built by Valentine Hill 
in 1655, near the oyster bed, on the south side of the river, about 
half way between the Falls and the Point. March 30, 1656, the 
town voted that "thear shall be a house at Oyster Reuer Billd 
neie:r the meeting house for the use of the menestrey, the demen- 
shens as foUareth, that is to say 36 feet long, 18 foett Broed, 12 
foot in the wall, with too chimneyes and to be seutabley 
feneshed." This parsonage was burned by the Indians in 1694. 
The breadth of land on which it stood long remained parsonage 
land. 

Rev. Edward Fletcher served as minister at Oyster River about 
one year and returned to England in 1657. He came back to 
Boston and died there about 1666. 

In 1660 a committee chosen by the town and consisting of 
Valentine Hill, Richard Walderne, William Wentworth, Raphfe 
hall, Richard Otes, William ffurber, John Danes, Robert Burnom, 
William Willyames, and William Robords agreed that Oyster 
River should have for support of the ministry there twenty 
pounds from the rent of the grant at Lamprell River and two 
pence to the pound on taxes raised among its own inhabitants; 
that they should call their own minister and that he should be 
approved by the town or three elders; that the twenty pounds 
should be returned in case Oyster River were four months with- 
out a minister, they of Dover doing the like in a similar case; 
that fifteen pounds should be paid for preaching at Cochecho in 

169 



170 HISTORY OF DURHAM 

the winter season; and that Valentine Hill's now dwelling house 
at Rocky Point should be within the line of division to Oyster 
River. 

The Rev. Joseph Hull was preaching at Oyster River in 1662, 
as is incidentally learned from Quaker history. How long he 
had been there does not appear, and he soon after left for the 
Isles of Shoals, where he died in 1665. [See Hull family under 
Genealogical Notes.] 

There is no record of any preaching at Oyster River for the 
next twenty years or so. Meanwhile disputes arose and some 
thought that the best way to settle them would be to make 
Oyster River a separate township. To this end the following 
petition was sent to the General Court of Massachusetts in 1669: 

To the much honored General Court assembled at Boston, May 17, 1669, 
the humble petition of the inhabetants of Oyster Riuer is as followeth. The 
consideration of your prudent and pious care for the carriing on the main end 
of planting this colonie, in the settling religion and the promoting the welfare 
of souls in evrie part of it subject to your government, doth embolden us (who 
are also in some measure sensible of the great end we came into the world for 
the advancement of the glory of God in our own salvation) to present this 
humble address unto yourselues. It is not unknown unto some of you that 
the inhabitants of Dover (of whom for the present we are part) manie years 
taking into consideration the intolerable inconvenience of our traveil manie 
myles, part by land, part by water, manie times by both, to the publick wor- 
ship of God and the necessarie stay of manie of us from publick worship, who 
can not undergo the difficulties of travel to it, it was then publickly agreed 
and concluded that there should be two ministers at Douer, the one at Oyster 
Riuer the other at Douer neck, as appears by a town act bearing date the 
fourteenth of the fifth, fifty one, the means of calling and maintaining both 
which are one, yet while we continue with them there is noe power improued 
on our behalfe to that end, nor have we anie of ourselves, whereby we have a 
long time and at present groan under intolerable inconveniences, our minis- 
trie being greatly weakened, yea and hazarded thereby, having neither head 
nor hand to move in calling when without or settling and maintaining when 
obtained, and it being so difficult for us to attend civil meetings there that often 
most of us cannot be there, whence we are in danger to be neglected or not 
taken care of, nor our affairs so well provided for as if we were a township of 
ourselves, we being in all two hundred and twentie souls, near fiftie families, 
seventie and odd souldiers, a conuinient number of freemen, humbly request 
this honoured Court to grant us that so beneficial! a priuilege of becoming a 
township with such bounds as haue been alreadie granted us, or shall be 
thought meet by this honored Court, and for this end we have sent John 
Woodman, an inhabitant among us, and give him power to join anie with 
him, as he shall see meet for ye managing of this our petition and prosecution 
of our further reasons committed to him. Should this honoured Court whose 
care we know e.xtendeth to us among the rest of this colonie vouchsafe us 
favourable answer to this request, whereas now our hands and hearts are 
weakened in the work, prouision for the ministree at a stay, the old and young 



HISTORY OF DURHAM I7I 

in families too much neglected, others of good use who would join with us dis- 
couraged until we become a township, some readie to leave us if things stand 
as they doe, we trust upon your grant you will soon find our number increasing, 
our hearts and hands strengthened in the work of God, our care more uigorous, 
for an able orthodox minister, our families instructed according to law, our- 
selves growing in truth and peace to God's glorie, our content and your good, 
and we shall not cease to pray God Almightie for a blessing upon 30U in all 
your weightie concerns and subscribe ourselves 
Yours in humble obseruance 

John Bickford John Mcder 

Richard York Thomas Willie 

John Danes John Mill 

William Beard Thomas Edgerlie 

Robert Burnam William Perkinson 

Phillip Chesley Benjamin Matthews 

Charles Adams Davie Daniel 

Steuen Jones Thomas Drew 

Walter Matthews Joseph Field 

Nicholas Doe Zacharias Field 

Vidua Elizabeth Drew John Goddard 

John Woodman Matthew Williams 

Edward Lcthers James Smith 

William Randall James Huckins 

William Pitman Robert Watson 

Teag Royall Patricke Jemison 

Salathiel Denbow James Thomas 

Barnard Pope Walter Jacson 

Jos Stinson Francis Drew 
John Smith 

[X. H. Province Papers, \'ol. I, pp. 308-310.] 

The only effect of the above petition was that the town voted 
to allow the inhabitants of Oyster River to build a meeting 
house at their own expense and to appropriate their tax for the 
ministry. After 1675 two of the five selectmen were chosen from 
Oyster River, and the people had their own minister, paid by the 
town from the parish rates. Who preached from 1662 till 1682 
is not known. There appears to have been no regular and 
settled minister. At the latter date John Buss began his labors 
here as minister and physician, having previously served several 
years at Wells, Me. His house and library were burned at the 
time of the great massacre in 1694. If any early records of the 
church existed, they were then destroyed, but there was no 
organized church. The following petition throws light on his 
ministry and the character of the people: 



172 HISTORY OF DURHAM 

To His Excellency Sam' Shute Esq' Gov and Comander in chief in and over 
his Majesties Province of Newhampshire and the Hon'ble his Majesties 
Councell and Representatives convened in General assembly: 
The Petition of John Buss of Oyster River most humbly Showeth — That 
your Petitioner who for forty years successively has laboured in the work of 
the ministry in that place even in the time of the late terrible Indian Warr 
when many a score fell by the sword both upon ye right hand & the left, & 
several! others forced to flight for want of bread during all which time did 
watch ward and scout for the more ease and reliefe of ye Inhabitants; and 
notwithstanding that, did constantly exercise in the garrison and one other 
every Lords Day as god did enable him — But being now advanced to Seventy 
Eight years of age and incompassed w"> a great many infirmities, and unable 
to perform the usual Exercise of the Ministry the People have not only calld 
another Minister but stopt their hands from my Subsistence, where upon he is 
greatly reduced having neither bread to eat nor Sufficient Cloathing to in- 
counter the approaching Winter — Wherefore your petitioner most humbly 
supplicates that your Excellency, the councill, and Representatives would so 
compassionate his miserable circumstances, as to order a competent mainte- 
nance during life — And your Petitioner shall ever pray, 

John Buss. 

It was voted, 8 October 1718, that "the Selectmen of Dover 
be advised to do their duty & take care of sd John Buss & supply 
him with what he is in necessity of, according to ye law of this 
Province; and that the Selectmen of Dover pay him twenty 
pounds out of the town stock to be paid quarterly from year to 
year." [N. H. Province Papers, Vol. XVII, p. 736.] 

The following contract shows when the new meeting house 
was built at the Falls, where the Sullivan monument now stands. 
The original paper is in the possession of S. H. Shackford, Esq., 
of Boston. The signatures and names of witnesses have been 
torn from it: 

To all Christian People to whom this Covenantor instrument in writing Shall 
Come and appear now Know ye that I John Tomson Sinior off the township 
of Dover and Provance of new hempshir do heir by these presence grant Cove- 
nant and agree with the parties following that is to say Leu' Jeramiah Burnum 
Lef» Abraham Bennick Jonathan Woodman Leu»°' Joseph Davis Stephen 
Jones Philip Chesley John Smith Junior of the foresaid towne and provanc I 
the forsd John Tomson do by these presenc bind and oblidge me to fram an 
meeting house at Oyster river being in Length fortie foots and thirtie six foots 
in bredth and twentie footes stude with an Belfree preportionble to the house 
And to provyd and haill all the timber to the place appointed and that at or 
before the thretie one day of July next ensewing the dait hereof And we the 
forsaid parties do heir by these presence bind and oblidg our selves conjunctlie 
and severalie to pay or cause to be payed to the forsaid John Tomson the sume 
of sevintie three pounds money inConsidderationof the work don by him in the 
forsd fram the one half to be payde in money when all the timber is haled and 
laid in the place and the other half in money when the frame is fite to be 



HISTORY OF DURHAM I 73 

raised the fram and Belfree being in figiir being lyke the new meet house oflF 
Hemptowne And for the trew performanc heir of our hands and sealles this 
nynteen day of Janwary one thousand seven hundred and twelve threeteen in 
"presenc of these witnesses. 

Thus we know just when the first meeting house at Durham 
Falls was built and something of its size and appearance. The 
location was chosen not without opposition of the people living at 
the Point. Indeed, another meeting house was built at the Point 
soon after. July 3, 17 19, Francis Mathes deeded to the inhabit- 
ants of the lower part of the parish of Oyster River one half of 
an acre of land and road thereto two rods wade, on the south 
side of the mouth of Oyster River, so long as the same should 
be used for public worship. The deed shows that the frame 
was then on the lot and was to be erected the next week. [N. H. 
Province Deeds, XVI, 104.] 

Dr. Quint at one time confused this meeting house at the Point 
with the first one built at the oyster bed. He says it stood upon 
a knoll on the land owned at the time of his writing by John 
Mathes, at the extremity of Durham Point. " It is on the north- 
ern side of the road, but a few rods from the water side. It is 
exactly north from the Mathes burial place; or rather this burial 
place is at the edge of the knoll. The meeting house stood, 
doubtless, within four or five rods, northerly of that inclosed burial 
ground." This describes the location of the opposition meeting 
house at the Point, built in the year 1719. There is no record 
that any minister ever preached therein except the Rev. Hugh 
Adams, and the frame was taken down some years after, trans- 
ported to Portsmouth, and became part of the chapel of Dr. 
Buckminster's church, as saith tradition recorded in the Smith 
note-book. 

The opposition between the Falls and the Point in the matter 
of meeting house and ministry is further shown by the following 
petitions. The first is signed by persons living nearer to the 
Falls and was read 11 November 17 15: 

To the Hon"!'' Geo. Vaughan, Esq., Lieut. Gov, Councill & representatives, 
convened in General Assembly; The Humble Petition of his Maj»'«« good 
subjects, ye Inhabitants of that part of the town of Dover commonly 
called Oyster river. Most humbly shewcth: 
Whereas by mutuall agreem* the Inhabitants of Oyster River have, for 
many years past, made choice of their own Minister & paid his salary, accord- 
ing to y conditions of s"* agrcem» as it appears in Dover town book of records, 
reffcrence thereto being had, & that y selectmen of y town in generall, (two 
whereof have been annually chosen W-in y» district of Oyster River) have all 



174 



HISTORY OF DURHAM 



along made rates for y« severall ministers & taken care that the same be paid 
to yf sd ministers according to the sallaries they have been agreed w"" for, 
untill of late (viz.) y« last year's rate is either by y= neglect of y Constable 
or y^ selectmen, or both, so retarded, that y= minister wants subsistence; 
nor can we understand that y selectmen have or are ab« to make any rate this 
year for y minister; so that, either some few of us must maintain a minister 
or we must be W'out one & return to Dover again, w«'' was thought a hardship 
more than forty years ago; & a liberty granted as above; & much more hard 
will it be now we are increased to double the number we then were; so that 
we most humbly pray yo^ Hon" will please to send for y Constable & select- 
men to answer for y= neglect as above, & that we may have pow granted us, 
as yo' Hon" were pleased at first to grant unto y Parish of Newington, (viz.) 
to chuse three or five p'sons annually, w^t being chosen by a majority of voices 
present at such election, may assess & tax y Inhabitants of our s^ Parish pro- 
portionably in a rate for y« discharging such a sallary as the Parish shall agree 
to settle upon any minister of the Gospell that we at p'sent have, or hereafter 
may be fixed amongst us; Likewise, that we may have pow to choose & settle 
a schoolmaster upon such terms as we shall agree, w^iout any other regard 
to the town in generall than that y^ Constable annually chosen at the general 
town meeting for collecting ye Prov: tax in our district, may also collect our 
Parish dues; And yo^ Petitioners shall ever pray, as in Duty bound, 
Presented by Nath. Hill in behalf of ye subscribers. 



Jeremiah Burnham 

Stephen Jones 
Elias Critchett 
Sampson Doe 
Joseph Dudey 
John Burnham 
David Davis 
Abraham Bennick 
John X Gray, — mark 
John Rawlins 
James Bickford 
Sami X Perkins — mark 
Will-X Duly,— mark 
John Doe 
John York 
Joseph Chesley 
John X Cromell, — mark 
John Buss, jun. 
Philip Chesley 
Joseph Davis 
John Tompson, sen. 
John Smith 
Will " Jackson 
David Kincaid 
Jonathan Chesley 
\^alentine Hill 
Ichabod Chesley, jun. 
Thomas Alin 



Elias Critchet, jun. 

James Nock 

John Tompson 

Joseph Jones 

John Chesley 

John x Sias, — mark. 

Job Renholds 

Sami Chesley, jun. 

Sam ' X Chesley, — mark 

Cornelius Drisco 

Rob' Burnham 

Peter Mason 

Jon a Simpson 

Rob* Tompson 

Sam« Hill 

John X Renalls, — mark 

Josh» X Davis, — mark 

Moses Davis, jun. 

Will" Leathers 

Francis Pitman 

Ely Demeritt 

Naphtali Kincaid 

James Jackson 

Tho: Wille 

James Burnham 

Rob' Hugglns 

Jon» Woodman 



[N. H. Province Papers, Vol. Ill, pp. 606-07.. 



HISTORY OF DURHAM 1 75 

As a result of the above petition the assembly ordered that the 
selectmen of Dover should "call to an account Jos. Davis, ye 
last years Constable for that town, in ye district of Oyster River" 
and see that he pay the money which he was obliged by the town 
warrant to collect, and that the selectmen see that a sufficient 
amount should be assessed for the support of the present minis- 
ter, Mr. Buss, "untill another minister shall be called and settled 
in his room." This shows that John Buss had been regularly 
installed and had just claims upon the parish. 

The following counter petition was presented by persons living 
nearer to the Point : 

To the Honourable Governour Councell and Representatives Convened in 
Generall Assembly- 

Whereas there is a petition Laid before your honours By part of the Inhabi- 
tants of oyster River Expecting thereby to Serve their own Interest though 
it be with much hardship to their Neighbours 

We the Subscribers being Residents or free holders within those districts 
as in petition mentioned do humbly Referr to your Consideration these things 
as Reasons of objection against the said petition 

1 That we ought to have had knowledge and to have Conferred with them 
about the said petition and whereas they kecpt it private from us it Showeth 
a Secret plotting and Contriving against our Interest 

2 That Some of their Subscribers as we Suppose are neither Residents 
nor freeholders within the said districts 

3 That Some of their Subscribers do denye part or all the petition 

4 That if your honours Should See good to grant the Said Petition we being 
farmars Shall then be So bound up within those districts not haveing Room 
to advance our Estates — that we Shall not be able to subsist our familyes 
and to mentain a minister honourai^Iy 

5 That a Settled Schoolmaster will be of no Service to us in teaching our 
Children because we do Live so Remote and are also divided with a River and 
Creeks — but rather as we have hitherto done to hire a Schoolmaster for our- 
selves and our adiacant neighbours 

6 We are very well Satisfyed with our towns general Election of Select men 
Seeing we have two within our districts who are well acquainted with our affairs 
and we do count it hardship to be denyed our former privilidg 

these Reasons we give haveing many others which we are Loath to trouble 
your honours withal — we humbly hope that you will not grant their petition — 
Except it be only to the petitioners and pleas to grant us the Libcrtyes that 
our fathers had first Settled in this place 



176 



HISTORY OF DURHAM 



We Remain your most 

1 Thomas Edgerley Sen 

2 John Meder Sen 

3 Edwerdus Wakeham 

4 Thomas Drew 

5 John Daniell 

6 Joseph Meder 

7 Ichabod foUet 

8 Joannes bunker 

9 John Williams 

10 Nathancal Laimmos 

11 william hill 

12 Henry Rines 

13 John Edgerley 

14 Francis Malhes 

15 Richard denbo 

16 thomas Rines 

17 Samuel Williams 

18 Beniamen bodge 

19 Sam" Smith 

20 John meder Ju 

21 nicoles meder 

22 Jno ambler 

23 Moses davis Juner 

24 John daves Sen 

25 timmothy davis 

26 Stephen Jonsones 
2"] John Bickford 

28 beniamin mathes 

29 Joseph Edgerly 

30 John willes Senior 

31 John Rand 

32 John wille juner 

33 John Pender 

34 Beniamen Pender 



Humble Servants 

35 John footman sener 

36 John Smith jun^ 

his 

37 william X durgin 

mark 

38 James Thomas 

39 Sallathan denbo 

40 John: Smith Jun^ 

41 Samuill wille 

42 francies Mathes Jun' 

43 william pitman 

44 John Rand 

45 Samuel Edgerley 

46 Joseph Kent 

47 Thomas footman 

48 Joseph Stevenson 

49 William Glines 

50 Batholomew Stevenson 

his mark 

51 James F Lingley 

52 william wormwood 

53 Eleazar Bickford 

54 Amos pinkham 

55 James Davis Juner 

his 

56 John M Mondro 

mark 

57 Thomas Davis 

58 Danel Mishorve 

59 Daniel Davies 

60 Joseph ginkens 

61 James Davis the Son of Moses 

Davis 
N. H. Town Papers, XI, 567.] 



This petition was probably presented to the Council by Messrs. 
Jn° Meader and John Ambler, 20 December 1715, or 6 January 
1715/6, when they appeared to prosecute the "Counter Petition." 
It was followed by further petitions which are here presented : 

OYSTERIVER PETITION PRESENTED APRILE 6TH 1716 MINUTED 

To the Honbi« Geo: Vaughan Esq L» Gov & Command' in Cheif, to ye Hon*'* 
the Council! & representatives of his Maj""' Prov: of N. Hamp", Con- 
vesned in Gen' Assembly: — 
The Petition of his Maj»'«' Good Subjects sundry y« Inhabitants of y« Parish 

of oyster river, w'l" in the township of Dover — 

Most Humbly sheweth — 



HISTORY OF DURHAM 1 77 

That, Agreeable to yo' hoir resolve (in Janr last for allowing y Inhabitants 
of ye Parish of oysterivcr till y° first sessions, of y Gen': Assembly, after 
y» tenth of March next ensuing y s^ Jan^y in ord^: to a friendly agreement & 
settlem' of y differenc"es among themselves,) We, the Subscrib" being In- 
habitants of ye sii Parish of oyster river, or y maj' part of us, have had a meet- 
ing in s"* Parish, at vv'' time & place, we chose a Committe, & impowered 
them ye s^ Committe, as far as in us lay, to meet & treat w"" a Committe 
from our adverse Pho in ord"^ to y reconciling all misunderstandings iS: differ- 
ences in s<i Parish. The s^ Committes had a meeting accordingly: tho alto- 
gether ineffectual & to no purpose, as we find by y* return of y« s^ Committe 
on our behalf: Wherefore, we Psume once more to Address yo"' hon" for yo' 
resolves on this matter as soon as yo' hon" in yo^ wisdom shall see meet: 
(viz') y we may be impowered to call a Parish meeting, in ord' to y doing 
wh« may be necessary & proper for y obtaining & Settling a minist"- W' in our 
s"! Parish: for y y« means Pscribed by yo"' Hon" for a reconciliation to be 
made among ourselves, has proved of none effect, & we plainly seeing y a 
further suspension of yo-- Hon" determination of this matter will much rather 
widen, than narrow this breach. Inasmuch, as our cheif end & design is y« 
speedy settlem' of a learned & authordox minist' among us, that we may no 
longer be sheep without a shepherd, but y we may be in the use of means for 
ye Promotion of Christianity; web jg what our neighbours in ye low part of our 
Parish are mainly making their Court against, w"^ is plainly demonstrable 
by their overtures made, which they so strenuously stand to, for a complyance 
w"', (viz«) y a minister be treated w"" to preach at both meeting houses, 
alternately w">in s"" Parish, wet ig go forreign from reason y y" is no unpre- 
judiced rationall man but w^ will condemn so impracticable a project. — Our 
Neighboring Parish, in y same town w"" our selves are now destitute of a 
minist"- as we are, who not long since had a settled ordained minisf among 
them, & who lost them upon no other consideration than for being urged & 
solicited to preach at two Places, wet he said was so unnreasonable & hard upon 
him, as he could not Comply w't thereupon lost them: Now can it be reason- 
able to expect one man to settle und'- such disadvantages & hardships wet 
was ye Pure cause of ye removal of another; & again y requesting a minist' 
to preach at two places, is so rare y tis scarce to l)c heard of, once in an age, 
& then you are as certain to hear a denyal as y y thing was asked w-^^ Consid- 
eration (in our opinion) might have been a Sufiicient disswasive to our Counter 
Petitioners, from insisting on so unreasonable a point: & thus ye case stands. 

May it Please yo' Hon". 

We who have been at ye charge of ye new meeting house, so far as ye same 
is built (S finished, have offered it to be a Parish house, w't this Proviso, y 
all ye Inhabitants wf in s<i Parish Joyn w"- us in ccjuall proportion complcatly 
to finish it & agree constantly to maintain ye Publick worship of God therein 
On ye Lords day, wet s<i house stands in ye most convenient & proper place 
w<tin sd Parish for ye accommodation of all ye Inhabitants in Gen': that now 
are, or hereafter may be settled w"'in the same: — As to any information wei" 
y Hon" may have had relating to y Scituation of S'' meeting house, its being 
near y« head line of our Parish, they are false suggestions, for tis a positive 
truth, & in no wise to be doubted, y our new meeting house stands nearer to 
12 



178 



HISTORY OF DURHAM 



y« low part of s-i Parish, or next y sea, by two miles, than ic doth to our head 
line, so y if y s^ house is not well situated tis because it is not far upw<i enough 
towd our head line, & tis certain y' what further settlemi't' there will be in s** 
Parish, or besure most of them will be above s^ meeting house w^*" is argued 
from y« far greater quantity of land's being above, than w' is below s^ house,. 



Nath> Hill 


Ichabod Chesle 


Jaramiah Burnham 


Samuel Cheslie 


Stephen Jones 


Samuel Ches'le Juner 


Joseph Jones 


John Chesle 


Jonathan Woodman 


William Letheres 




his mark 


John Smith 


James davis 


Philip Chesle 


Elias Critchett Ju 


William Jackson 


Elias Critchett 


Volintine Hill 


Abraham bennick 


John Footman 


Eley demeret Jun'- . 


Samson Doo 


James Jakson 


Cornalus Drisco 


Thomus Wille 


David Lyntard 


Peter Mason 


James Thomas 


James Burnum 


his 




John § Gray 


Thomas Allen 


mark 






his 


Job Renels 


John Crommet 




mark 


Robard Burnnuni 


Joseph Davis 


John Burnum 


his 


John York 


William X Durgin 


timothy Connor 


mark 


his mark 


his 


John s munsie 


Jonathan Chesle 


his mark 


mark 


Timothy T Moses 


John Buss Juner 


Joseph Daniel 

his 
John J Sias 


Edward Letheres Siner 


James Bikford 


mark 




John Doo 


Joseph Chesle 


William duly 


James durgin 


Robert Huckins 


James Nock 

his 
Samuel X Wille 


Robart tomson 


John Rawlings 


mark 


John tomson 


John Davies 




Joshua Davis 


William burly 


Josep Dudy 


his 


his 


John + Runals 


frances X footmarL 


mark 


mark 



HISTORY OF DURHAM 1 79 

"A Petition Psened by John Ambler In behalf of sundry the 

Inhabitants of Oysteriver May 2*^ 1716." Evidently written 

b\- Elder Ambler himself in a neat quaint handwriting with 

small characters. 

To the Honourable Lif' Gouernour Councell and Representatiues conuened 
in generall Assembly: 

May it please your honours 

Whereas our brethren and neighbours with whome we would gladly haua 
had the oppertunity of agreeing according to your honours aduice haue now 
made their Second address to your honours by way of petition as if they are 
Rather willing to Inuade our priuiledg than to Comply by a brotherly or neigh- 
bourly agreement 

We therefore his Maiestyes good and orderly Subjects do humbly Answer 
and Reply against their Second petition — as also Intimateing against their 
disorderly Carryings on — thus — 

First — If our Late pastor at douer haue Left his Flock and people for Ends 
best known between god and himself and haueing Some Infermity of body did 
according to his thoughts declare that he supposed that his present Infermity 
might come by Reason of his often going between the two meeting houses 
we Referr this to your honours Consideration — whether his body was brought 
down by trauell — or whether the fatness and grossness of his body might 
not rather signifye to us that more Bodily Exercise might haue been helpfull 
against his Disease — it may be necessary therefore that we may all Consider 
the hand of god in it — that when the people began to trouble one another 
and to Inuade one anothers priuiledg then it pleased our god to Send our pastor 
away — for the great Shepherd & Command is that his pastor Sheep should 
Liue in Loue — therefore we do humbly hope that your honours will not 
account this any Reason why their petition Should be granted. 

2 Where.\s the Honoured Gouernour and Councell was pleased to alow 
us time to make ofTers of agreement to one another — we did offer to our neigh- 
bours ouerlooking their disorder in their building of their meeting hous — that 
if they would help us to build a ministers house on the personage that we 
would agree that the meeting should he Every other Sabbath day at the old 
meeting house untill Such time as we do build a new one and then to haue the 
meeting continued by turns att the two new meeting houses — and now whereas 
we haue ofTered so friendly and Brother Like to our neighbors whodo Endeauour 
to Inuade our priviledg we humlily hope that your honours may Consider 
that our ofTer to them is not only fair but that we do Condescend and stoop 
to them in the same — and therefore that you will not see good to put us to 
any hardship or hazards by granting their petition — 

3 Where.\s our brethern and neighbors with whome we would gladly all 
along haue Joyned if they had gone to work orderly — and had placed their 
meeting hous something for our Conueniency and had not Set it so unreason- 
ably beyond the Center of the Inhabitants haue now petitioned for a parish 
meeting we do with Submition to your honours humbly answer that as they 
haue without order or government built themselves a meetinghouse we do 
not desire to Inuade their priuiledg in the ^ame neither are we willing to 
agree or Consent to a parish meeting in order to the Establishing of that 
meeting house that is Erected and built without either gouerment or order — 
but as we haue followed ihe order of our town and haue Closed with douer 



i8o 



HISTORY OF DURHAM 



and haue theieby met with the advantage of mentaining our own piiuiledg 
also at oyster Riuer Lowei meeting house by the Condecention and Labours 
of the reuerend and faithfull Mr mathew Short — we do therefore humbly 
hope that your honours will not see good to deny or deprive us of our priuiledg 
and our Choyc till Such time as our neighbours minds do come down to a 
Christian Complyance 

1 FFRANCEs Mathes ] in behalf 

2 Jno Ambler I of 

3 Joseph Meder | the 
Aprill ye y<-*' 1716. 4 John Williams J Rest 

We being conuened Together February ye 20"" I7xf 

These are to Certifye al men whom it may Ccncern That we the Subscribers 
together with the men whome we do make Choyse of do Endeauor to stand 
by our priuiledge in the ministry of the gospell in the Lower part of oyster 
River and we the subscribers do meke choyce of and appoint four men or so 
many of them as Shall be needfull. namely Seig Joseph Meder jur Frances 
Mathes John Williams and John amblei to try to agree with our neighbours 
at the head of the Riuer in order to an honourable agreement between us and 
our neighbouis. That we may by the blesing of god haue the gospell settled 
amongst us 



John Maider 
his X mark 
Thomas Edgerley 
William pirkins 
his mark 
Joseph Kent 
John Wille 
Thomas Footman 
Thomas Drew 
Moses Dauis Jun. 
James Langle 
James Dauis Jun"^ 
Stephen Jenkens 
John Bickford 
John Kent 
Beniamin Finder 
Beniamin Mathes 
William Pitman 
William Wille 
Joseph Stephenson 
Samuell Wille 
John Daniall 
Samuel Edgerle 
Francis Mathes 
John Dauis sen 
John Wille Jun 
Edward Wakeham 
timothy daues 
Nicolas Meder 
peter denmor 
Eleazar Bickford 
William Clay 



John Edgerly 
William glines 
John rand 
Ichabod follet 
Thomas Dauis 
daniel dauis 
Joseph hix 
Beniamin bodge 
William Hill 
Samuel Williams 
Thomas Rines 
Joseph Bickfort 
William Wormwod 
Salathan Denmoor 
Abraham mathes 
John pinder 
abraham Stephenson 
Joseph Edgerley 
Samuel Adams 
Daniel Misharve 
Napt. Kinkct 
PI— (illegible) 
Philip Duly S 
Philip Duly J 
Joseph Meder Jun 
John Williams 
John footman 
Robard Kent 
Beniamin footman 
Joseph footman 
Joseph Danel iunr 
Joseph Jenkins 



HISTORY OF DURHAM l8l 

This petition was copied from the original document lent by 
Isaac W. Hammond — the original orthography preserved. 

The original is now in possession of New Hampshire His- 
torical Society. 

The House voted, 4 May 17 16: 

That y<^ agreement of y< towns of Douer \v"> ye part of y« loun called Oyster 
river ab' maintaining a minister among them at their own cost and charge be 
confirmed; & that y" new meeting house buill there be y° place of y public 
worship of God in that District, and esttiblisheda Distinct parish with all rights 
and privileges belonging to a Parish, wi" full power & authority to call & settle 
a minister theie & make assessm' for y paym< of his Sallary & all other Parish 
charges, equally on y» several inhabitants within y district & annually to 
chuse five p'sons, freeholders wMn said Parish, to make y« tax & manage all 
affairs of the Parish, & y p'sons so chosen, %'"> a Justice of the Peace of this 
Province shall, whenever they see cause, call a Parish meeting to transact any 
matt" concerning y« Parish, & y y first meeting be on Monday y« 14th instant, 
at y« afoiesd New meeting-house, & y John Thompson, y present Constable 
of that distiict, notify y inhabitants y« of; and further, that all p'sons that 
have of late years paid to y minister there, shall continue to pay y proportion 
to him y shall succeed in s<i office. 

By order of the house of Representatives, 

Theo Atkinson, Cler. 

Another petition, presented in 17 17 and favorably considered 
was as follows : 

The Petition of sundry of the Inhabitants of Oyster River in Dover, most 
humbly sheweth: That, Whereas sometime about a year and a half agoe, a 
Petition was then preferred to the General Assembly then sitting at Ports- 
mouth, by several of our neighbors in said place to be made a District of them- 
selves, — which being wrongly represented unto said Assembly, a vote thereupon 
was passed in both Houses, which being very prejuditial unto the Interest of 
the whole: — 

Your Petitioners therefore do' humbly Pray that as there was only a vote, 
but no Act passed, that there may be a fair hearing of the whole matter before 
your Excellency in Council, that in \ our wisdom you may see good to Reverse 
the same; and that a reasonable proportion of land may be allotted us from 
the township of Dover, for a more amicable agreement between each other 
in carrying on the Worship of God; And seeing we have two meeting houses, 
we humbly pray that in wisdom you will so determine, that the Inhabitants 



I82 



HISTORY OF DURHAM 



may go to each of them every other meeting day; And your petitioners shall 
ever pray. 



Thomas Edgerly 
Thomas Drew 
John Pinder 

William Gloyns 

[Glines] 
Joseph Edgerle 
Joseph Kent 
John Footman 
John Danel 
John Kent 
Samuel Edgerly 
Benjamin Pinder 
Benjamin Footman 
Robert Kent 
John Davis 
Joseph Danel 
Eleazer Bickford 
Stephen Jenkins 
Benjamin Mathes 
James Langle 
Francis Mathes, jun. 
Nathaniel Randal 
Samuel Davis 
John Williams, jun. 
Joseph Hix 
Benjamin Body 
James Davis, junr. 
Samuel Williams 
Bartholomew Stephenson 
TimothyDavis 
Zacharias Edgerly 



Moses Davis, jun: 
John Rand 
Edward Graham 
[Wakeham] - 
Abraham Mathes 

John Bickford 
William Wormwood 
Joseph Bickford 
Thomas Footman 
Joseph Stephenson 
Joseph Footman 
Thomas Davis 
Francis Mathes 
William Hill 
Daniel Misharve 
Joseph Jenkins 
Henery Rines 
Daniel Davis 
Thomas Rains 
James Davis 
Abraham Stephenson 
John Edgerle 
Solomon Davis 
Salathiel Denbo 
William Clary 
Ichabod Follet 
William Rains 
Samuel Smith 
Philip Duly 
John Williams 
John Ambler 



Joseph Nudder 

In consequence of this petition we find the following voted 
9 May 1718, 

Whereas, the Parish of Oyster River, in Dover, have by a petition p'ferred 
to the Geni Assembly prayed that the ministry W-in s<i Parish may be settled, 
so as may best accommodate the inhabitants of s-^ Parish, 

Voted, That the Minister for the time being do preach at both the old and 
new Parish meeting-houses alternately in s^ Parish, excepting the three winter 
months, w'' shall be left to the choice of s^ minister. [Provincial Papers, III, 
730.] 

The Rev. Hugh Adams records, under date of 8 June 1718, 
"Lord's day (at my first preaching in the old meeting house, 



HISTORY OF DURHAM 1 83 

by order of the Government) baptized Abraham Ambler, son of 
Bro. John Ambler of Quochecho Ch," and again, under date of 
19 October 1718, "at the old meeting house, then and there, he 
being propounded in the Congregation publicly, the preceding 
Sabbath for the same Office, and no person objecting in the mean 
time, John Ambler, one of the Brethren of the Church, by the 
Major votes, was chosen Deacon thereof." "The parsonage 
lot where the old meeting house formerly stood" is mentioned in 
1746. 

A public parish meeting, held i April 1717, voted that Rev. 
Hugh Adams should be their minister at a salary of £100 and use 
of the parsonage, and ten acres of land granted by the town, 
and £70 for his settlement to be paid within two years. The 
committee met Mr. Adams soon after above date "in the eastern 
chamber of Capt. Hill's house" and agreed with him for a salary 
of £104. half of which was to be paid at the end of each six 
months, according to depositions made by Joseph Davis, senior, 
and Abraham Bennick, senior, in 1733. [See Court Files at Con- 
cord, N. H.] 

The church at the Falls was organized and the Rev. Hugh 
Adams was installed 26 March 1718, though Mr. Adams had been 
preaching there nearly two years. Under that date Nathaniel 
Hill and Stephen Jones wrote to the Boston News Letter as follows: 

This day (through the smiles of Heaven upon us) we had a Church gathered 
here, in the Decency and Order of the Gospel, and our Teacher, the Reverend 
Mr. Hugh Adams was then consecrated and Established the Pastor thereof, 
who then preached from that Text in Cant, 3,11; we being then favored with 
the Presence and Approixntion of some Reverend Pastors of the next Neighbor- 
ing Churches, with the Honoured Messengers thereof at the said Solemnity, 
in our New Meeting- House, wherein they gave the Right Hand of Fellowship, 

As witness our hands, 

Nathaniel Hill 
Stephen Jones 

The account of the same event, as given b>' the Rev. Hugh 
Adams in the records of the church, is as follows: 

March 26, 1718. This day through the grace of God our Saviour we had 
a Church orderly gathered with the presence and approbation of the Pastors 
and messengers of the churches of Newington and of Quochecho. The Revi 
Mr. Jonathan Gushing prayed. I preached from the text Cant. 3:11, and made 
a short prayer. Then I read our Confession of Faith and Church Covenant, 
signed by me and Nathaniel Hill, Sampson Doc, Stephen Jones, Samuel Emer- 



184 HISTORY OF DURHAM 

son, Joseph Dudey, John Allen, James Nock, James Langley and Samuel 
Edgerly. 

Then the Rev<i Mr. Gushing, Pastor of Cochecho Chi> being chosen by the 
Council of the Ch^s present for it, made a decent speech to the said len brethren 
and to the whole Assembly, whether any person had any thing to object against 
their establishing me the Pastor of this Church. No person then objecting, 
he propounded me to said Church as their Pastor. To which they all voting 
with uplifted hands, then I declared my acceptance. 

Then the s^ Mr. Cushing read publicly the Testimonial of my former Ordi- 
nation at Braintree, signed by the Rev^ Doctor Increase Mather and his son 
Doctor Cotton Mather of the old North Church in Boston, by Revd Mr. James 
Keith, the Hoary Pastor of the Church in Bridgewater, who laid their hands 
on my Head in that Ordination, Signed also by the ReV Nehemiah Walker, 
Pastor of the Church of Roxbury. Then the Revd Mr. Joseph Adams, by a 
pertinent speech, gave unto me as pastor and to our said Church the Right 
Hand of Fellowship. Then we sang Ps 132, 13-18. Then I pronounced the 
blessing. 

The Rev. Hugh Adams, son of John and Avis of Boston, and 
probably of Scotch origin, was born 7 May 1676 and was graduated 
at Harvard College in 1697. He preached in South Carolina a 
few years and was ordained at Braintree, Mass., 10 Septem- 
ber 1707. He was dismissed from there 22 August 17 10 and 
preached at Chatham, Mass., 1711-1715. He preached for a 
short time in 17 16 at Georgetown, Me., and in the latter part 
of that year came to Oyster River. He was something of a 
physician as well as minister and once practised the healing art 
on the famous Jesuit priest, Sebastian Ralle, at Georgetown. He 
says the cure was effected in three days and without charge. 

During his pastorate of twenty-one years in Durham the 
church records, which cover only the first ten years, show that 
he added more than one hundred members to the church and 
baptized 694 persons. Surely this is a remarkable record and 
goes far to offset the discords and oppositions which troubled 
him during the last part of his ministry. He and Col. James 
Davis did not agree and both were probably too independent to 
be swayed by anybody else. The abusive language used by 
controversialists of those times is not a fair index of character 
but the fault of the age. Mr. Adams was strict in discipline and 
very plain and unsparing in his written statements, yet he had 
a kind and sympathetic heart. His interpretations of Scripture 
were sometimes fanciful, judged by modern standards, yet the 
habit of the century was to make an odd passage mean anything 



HISTORY OF DURHAM 1 85 

that the preacher wanted to say, to which the allegorical method 
lent aid. He thought that he had prevailing power in prayer as 
well as Elijah, the logical consequence of a literal interpretation, 
and once he, too, shut up the heavens in drought for three months. 
In the afflictions of his opponents he saw the hand of God, just 
as the Hebrew prophets saw it in national calamities. Indeed, 
his church records and petitions to the General Assembly show 
that he was saturated with the language and spirit of the Old 
Testament more than of the New. He was eccentric and opin- 
ionated, spoke his mind freely and so roused opposition, yet the 
great majority of the parish evidently stood by him. He records 
the observance of a day of fasting and prayer "kept by our 
church at the house of Dea. John Williams on account of some 
preternatural troubles about their house," when he preached from 
II Cor. xii: 7 and I John iii : 8. Evidently he considered the devil 
to be the author of said troubles. This servdce was a sort of 
exorcism. 

He had difficulty about collecting his salary, leading to con- 
siderable litigation, and no settlement was reached till after his 
death. Twice he sued the town and brought suit in court against 
his successor, Mr. Gilman, for appropriation of lands granted to 
the minister. He was dismissed by Council 23 January 1739, 
yet he continued to preach at the church at Durham Point. 
The town voted, 28 March 1743, "that Mr. Hugh Adams shall 
have twenty pounds of the new issue bills of credit yearly during 
his abode in the town of Durham, Provided he set down satiesfied 
and Preach no more in said town for the futer, but if he preach 
any more in s'' town then this \ote to be thereby voide and of 
none effect." This is believed to be the only historical instance 
w^here a town has tried to hire a minister to stop preaching. 

A petition was presented by P>ancis Mathes, 15 February 1739/ 
40, or less than a month atler Mr. Adams' dismissal, signed by 
fifty-seven persons, about all of the male inhabitants of the 
Point and of Lubberland, asking for a separate parish. Their 
request was denied, yet the petition shows that Mr. Adams could 
not have been an unworthy nor an unpopular man to have been 
quite unanimously desired as their minister by a section embrac- 
ing half of the town, and doubtless he had many friends in the 
other half. It shows also who the residents of the Point and of 
Lubberland were in 1740: 



1 86 HISTORY OF DURHAM 

Petition of Frances Mathes and others for a new parish in Durham. To 
His Excellency Jonathan Belcher Esq' Governor and Commander In Chief in 
& over His Majesty's Province of New Hampshire in New England, the 
Honb'" His Majesty's Council and House of Representatives for said Province 
in General Court Convened Jany 31" 1739. The Petition of Sundry of the 
Inhabitants of the Town of Durham in Said Province Humbly Shews, 

That the Inhabitants of the Said Town are divided into two parties Respect- 
ing their Ecclesiastical affairs, the One such as adhere to the Reverend M' Hugh 
Adams the late Minister of Said Town & who continues so to the said party, 
the other (who are much the greater) are such as have oppos'd his Standing in 
that Relation to them, & still Continue to do so. That notwithstanding it 
was the opinion & Result of the late Ecclesiastical Council held there that it 
would not be Expedient for him to be any longer the Minister of the said 
Town yet considering his former Services his advanced years and the unhappy 
Circumstances of himself & family they Earnestly Recommended and press'd 
it upon the said Inhabitants that they should Liberally make provision for 
his Support during the Stay of himself ^ Family among them, — which is what 
would be highly agreeable to your Petitioners, 

That altho Several propositions have been made touching that matter yet 
nothing has been agreed on nor any care taken to secure the performance 
thereof in the manner Recommended as aforesaid. 

That your Petitioners apprehend it would be a great Indecency if he who 
was once & so long the Minister of the said Town should have no other Provision 
made for his Support than what the Law provides for one of the poor of the 
Town and that he should be Reduced to a Necessity of Depending upon such a 
Subsistence, 

That your Petitioners are desirous still to sit under his Ministry and are will- 
ing to support him & his family Suitable to his character & Station among 
them, and conceive that his being comfortably supported would have a good 
Tendency & be the Means of making peace in the Town (respecting Ecclesias- 
tical matters) and would keep all parties quiet & easy. But your Petitioners 
however willing are not of ability to afford such Support while they are Subject 
to & pay toward the Maintenance of another Minister in the Town. 

Wherefore they most Humbly pray that they with Such others of the said 
Town as will associate with them (not Exceeding the one half) may be Exemp- 
ted from paying toward the Support of any other Minister & may be discharged 
from all charges of that nature laid upon them by Law by their Opponents 
from the time of the aforesaid Result and may be Incorporated as a Parish 
during the Life of the said A-Ir. Adams in order to maintain him & his Family 
•& to Enjoy the Benefit of his Ministry. 

Or that the Town in General may be Obliged to afford him a Comfortable 
Subsistence during his abode there Or that Such other Method may be pursued 
as this Honbio Court in their Great Wisdom & goodness shall think proper for 



HISTORY OF DURHAM 



187 



the peace of the Town & the Ease of that aged Gentleman — and your peti- 
tioners as in duty bound shall ever pray &c. 

Francis Mathes 

Thomas Footman 

Thomas Drew 

Joseph Wheeler 

William Lord 

John Edgcrly 

Stephen Wille 

Joseph Stevenson 

John Footman 

Joseph Footman 

Benjamin Pender 

John Durgen 

Benjamin Durgen 

Benjamin Pinder Jun. 

Francis Durgen 

Joseph Drew 

John Kent 

Moses Edgcrly 

John Kent Junr 

John Drewe 

Benjamin Benet 

James Durgain Jun 

William Durgain 

Will™ Durgain Jun 

Joseph Durgain 

Thomas Bickford 

Abraham Stevenson. 

John Bickford 

[N. H. Province Papers, V, 23.] 



Towerthey Durgin 
Joshua Durgain 
Hezckiah Marsh 
Joseph Duda 
Joseph Duda Jun. 
Bcnmor Duda 
J(jhn Cromet 
Phillip Cromet 
David Davis 
Jacob Tash 
Isaac Mason 
Nathaniel Watson 
Nathaniel Frost 
John Smart 
John Mason 
Benjamin Burdet 
Pumfret Whitehouse 
\'allitin Hill 
Sam" Adams 
Sam' Willey 
Joseph Bickford 
Abraham Ben neck 
Benjamin Benneck 
William Wormwood 
Joseph Edgerly 
William Accason 
Joseph Edgly 



It is easy to suspect that the real motive of this petition was 
not so much a loving regard for the Rev. Hugh Adams as it was 
the desire to have regular preachingat the Point, to be independent 
of the Falls, and to have their own sweet way in matters ecclesi- 
astical. 

Mr. Adams was not one of those "safe" m^n who walk in "the 
middle path between right and wrong." He followed his con- 
victions and was sometimes mistaken. The Ecclesiastical 
Council that dismissed him censured him for "his great pre- 
sumption in pretending to imprecate the (li\ine venge.ance 
and that the calamities that had befallen sundry persons were the 
effect of his prayers." They concluded that "it would not be 
for the honor of Christ or the interest of religion nor any way 




z 
w 
u 
c/) 



P 
O 
W 

S 



HISTORY OF DURHAM 1 89 

answer to the great ends of his ministry in this place for him to 
continue any longer in it." He was now sixty-three years of 
age, and doubtless oppositions had made him nervous and a 
little more unbalanced than usual. Perhaps he needed sympathy 
and cooperation; instead, after twenty-three years of faithful 
service, he was censured for his eccentricities and dismissed to 
poverty in his old age. This must have greatly rejoiced the heart 
of Col. James Davis and other opponents. 

It has been several times published that the Rev. Hugh Adams 
died in 1750, but the following town record places his death two 
years earlier. He was li\ing 22 July 1748: 

At a town meeting held llie 12 day of December 1748 at the meeting house 
at Durham Falls . . . Voted that a Committee shall be chosen to agree 
with Mdam Adams & to fully settle all affairs & Demands with s^ Mdam 
Adams widow concerning her Demands on the Town for Mr Adamses sallary. 
Then voted Leut Robt Burnum, M' Daniel Rogers & John Woodman be 
accomtee for that service to agree & settle the affair. — Teste John Woodman 
Cler. P temp. 

July 9 1750. \'oted that the funeral Charges of the Rev<i Mr. Hugh 
Adams shall not be paid. Leut Stephen Jones, John Woodman & Daniel 
Rogers chosen accomte to agree with Susannah Adams or her son Samuel 
Adams concerning the arrearages of Rcver°d Hugh .Adams Deceased. [Town 
Records, Vol. I, pp. 25, 31.] 

The committee reported 28 May 1751, that the town should 
pay £262, old tenor, to Susannah Adams, administratrix. 
Whether the town ever paid this amount does not appear. 

Since the above was put in type additional information has 
been obtained concerning the Rev. Hugh Adams. In 1725 he 
wrote, "A Narrative of a Particular Faith and Answers to 
Prayer," and offered it to the authorities of New Hampshire for 
publication. In it lie reviews the main events of his life, in 
which he sees the gracious providence of God and claims that 
God has done wonderful things for him in answer to prayer. 
We learn that he had an extensive practice as a physician in 
South Carolina, Massachusetts and Oyster River during twenty- 
three years, and that by this profession, as much as from his 
salary as a minister, he was enabled to support his family. He 
speaks of "my former Travels into several Countreys of Europe 
and Africa, as well as of the Continent and Islands of America, 
my instruction from Sundry able Physicians & Chirurgions, my 



190 HISTORY OF DURHAM 

hard studies in the best Books, and my so long Practice and 
Experience" as the sources of his medical skill, declaring that he 
was then toward the end of his forty-ninth year of age. Inci- 
dentally he says that he arrived in South Carolina in July or August 
1698 and was sick several months in getting himself seasoned to 
the country and climate. The following spring, 1699, he was 
"called to settle at a large parish on both sides of Wandoe River, 
where I preached two years having a Meeting House on each 
side thereof builded on purpose for me. One about 13 miles 
from Charles Town N. N. E. The other about 7 miles distant 
about half a mile above the head of that river." The people 
paid him about half his salary, which occasioned his getting in 
debt sixty pounds "for the maintenance of four of my young 
brethren and sisters being orphans and left to my Brotherly 
care." This led to "my first Remove soon after my Marriage 
in the year of our Lord 1701." He then preached for a while 
in Ashley River parish, and thence he removed to South Edisto 
River parish, fifty miles from Charleston. "My second son was 
born there." He returned to New England in 1706, leaving 
wife and boy ten months old. He preached his first sermon in 
Braintree 27 October 1706. 

This quasi autobiography relates many interesting things about 
the people of Oyster River. At the time of the Indian War, 
1724, he procured two horns made of the horns of cattle and 
employed his "two younger sons in sounding of them when my 
eldest son was gone forth a volunteer into our wilderness against 
our said Indian enemies, wherein he so prospered." This was 
done because of some fanciful interpretation of an odd passage 
in the Old Testament. He says that in consequence "not one 
of my family hath been killed, wounded, or captivated." 

He tells of many remarkable cures that had been effected in 
his different parishes by his medical skill and in answer to prayer, 
naming the following at Oyster River, Abednego Leathers, Mary 
wife of Joseph Davis, Mary wife of Benjamin Glitten at the 
house of Richard Hilton seven miles away in Exeter, whither he 
had been summoned at midnight, and where a son was born and 
immediately baptized Benjamin, William Randall, John Buss, 
Jr., Joseph Mason, wife of John Pearl of Dover, Mary wife of 
Lieut. Jonathan Chesley, Moses Furber of Newington "at the 



HISTORY OF DURHAM I9I 

house of my near neighbor Captain Hill," 30 June 1724, Lieut. 
Ichabod Chesley, widow Elizabeth Smith, James Bunker cured 
of rheumatism and pestilential fever whereof his father died a 
little before. "His foolish Quaker aunt had given him stone 
horse dung in wine." This was in the summer of 1724. Others 
cured were "my neighbor Jonathan Thompson's son, October 
6, 7, 8, 1724," Hannah wife of Philip Chesley "Lieutenant of 
the Troop of horse," February 1723, William Dam's wife> 
Theodore Atkinson, Esq., of Newcastle, Edward Evans of Dover^ 
and John Dennet of Kittery, showing that he had a wide medical 
practice. He does not give the names of those who died under 
his treatment. 

He declares that from childhood he was afiflicted with many 
diseases and suffered from almost all the ills that flesh is heir to, 
including melancholia, and that his "particular faith" in con- 
nection with acquired medical skill had saved him out of all his 
distresses. It is easy to see that his mind was unbalanced at 
times in consequence of physical infirmities, and thus his impa- 
tience and eccentricities are accounted for.* 

The .parish soon found a successor and, 14 September 1739^ 
voted that Nicholas Gilman be the settled minister. He was 
born in Exeter, 18 January 1707/8, son of Judge Nicholas Gil- 
man. He was graduated at Harvard in 1724 and was installed 
at Durham 3 March 1742. Lieut. Jonathan Thompson, Joseph 
Wheeler and Benjamin Smith were the committee that secured 
him. Mr. Ciilman's health was poor and for three years he was 
assisted by the Rev. Joseph Prince of Barrington, who was 
blind from his fourteenth year of age. He preached again at 
Durham after the dismissal of the Re\^ John Adams, in 1778. 
He died in 1791 at advanced age and was buried in the same 
church at Newbury port in' which are the remains of the Rev. 
George Whitefield. 

Mr. Gilman was a man of piety and much beloved, yet he was 
deluded by a fanatic named Woodbury, who used to arouse 
him by night and lead him into the woods and swamps to pray 
till morning. Jacob's wrestling with the Angel has prompted 

♦ Manuscript in library of the Massachusetts Historical Society, Boston. 



192 HISTORY OF DURHAM 

many to do likewise. Some extravagancies and disorders arose 
in the church at Durham, which are best set forth in the diary 
of the Rev. Samuel Chandler: 

"Aug 20, 1746. I set out on a journey to Durham to a fast at y« desire 
of the church there, they being under difficulty. I called Mr. Wise [of Ber 
wick] by the way We got to Durham about 10 o'clock, cloudy rainy weather 
& the people not much expecting any minister would come had got into the 
meeting house and were praying. Mr. Prince, a blind young man supplies 
them during their Pastor's silence & neglect to discharge his pastoral office. 
When we went into the pulpit Mr. Gilman went out & went into the pew. 
I began with prayer. I was under some restraint. Mr. Wise preached from 
John 15. 5, & concluded with prayer. In the exercise were a number, 4 or 5, 
that were extraordinarily agitated. They made all manner of mouths, turn- 
ing out their lips, drawing their mouths awry, as if convulsed, straining their 
eye balls, & twisting their bodies in all manner of unseemly postures. Some 
were falling down, others were jumping up, catching hold of one another, ex- 
tending their arms, clapping their hands, groaning, talking. Some were ap- 
proving what was spoken, & saying aye, so it is, that is true, 'tis just so, &c. 
Some were exclaiming & crying out aloud, glory, glory. It drowned Mr. Wise's 
voice. He spoke to them, entreated them, condemned the practice, but all 
to no purpose. Just after the blessing was pronounced, Mr. Gilman stood up 
to oppose some things that had been said. He read i John i. 8 & 9th verse, 
& began some exposition on the 9th verse what God hath cleansed let no man 
call unclean & went on to prove perfection as attainable in this life. Then 
Mr. Wise rose up and there was some argumentation between them. Mr. 
Gilman took some particular text & turned it contrary to the general current 
of scripture. Then we went into the house & were entertained. Mr. Gilman 
came in & after him a number of those high flyers, raving like mad men, re- 
proaching, reflecting. One Hannah Huckins in a boasting air said she had 
gone through adoption, justification & sanctification & perfection & perse- 
verance. She said she had attained perfection & yet had a bad memory: I 
reasoned the point with her, but presently she broke out into exclamations 
^ Blessed be the Lord, who hath redeemed me. Glory, glory, glory, &c. fell to 
dancing round the room, singing some dancing tunes, jiggs, minuets, & kept 
the- time exactly with her feet. Presently two or three more fell in with her & 
the room was filled with applauders, people of the same stamp, crying out in 
effect Great is Diana of the Ephesians. One of these danced up to Mr. Gil- 
man & said. Dear man of God, do you approve of these things? Yes, said he, 
I do approve of them. Then they began to increase & the house was full of 
confusion, some singing bawdy songs, others dancing to them & all under a 
pretence of religion. It is all to praise God in the dance & the tabret. One 
woman said it was revealed to her that the minister that was to come to the 
Fast was one that did not know Joseph, & that Joseph was Mr. Gilman. These 
mad people prophesied that there would be great trials at the falls, that is at 
the meeting house that day. . . . Mr. Gilman justified their proceedings. 



HISTORY OF DURHAM 1 93 

They do it out of a good design, he says, and that there is no sanctity in tunes, 
and that the reason we cannot approve of it is because there is no light in us 
&c. &c. ... A little after dark all left the house & went out into the 
streets when they held it till near ten o'clock. These are but some general 
hints. O awful melancholy scene, O tempora, O mores. 

Aug. 21. I preached from Gal. 2. 20. The people appeared very devout, 
excepting those that were of Mr. Oilman's party. They as yesterday made 
wry mouths & extraordinary gestures of body, often crying out aloud, but 
generally approving. I desired & entreated, if they loved the souls of sin- 
ners, that they would suffer them to hear what I had to offer to them, but all 
to no purpose. At length the authority took hold of one & the rest all jumpt 
up & out they went, crying out & railing & made a hideous noise abroad, but 
we finished & went into the house. 

Mr. Gilman says he has a witness within him that I neither preached nor 
prayed with the Spirit. I told him I had a witness within myself that I did 
both. He said how can that be when you have your thumb papers, & you 
could hardly read them? He seemed to speak by way of reflection & an air 
of disdain. Mr. Gilman says he can't receive those that don't receive Wood- 
bury & all those persons in all their extravagancies. He allows that a regen- 
erate man may have a strong persuasion&confidencein lesser & yet be deceived. 
Mr. Gilman tarried but a little while & weni away & soon after him all the rest. 
One Mr. Woodman told me that two of these people got together by the ears 
last night. They struck one another with their fists, saying you are a devil 
& you are a devil. The persons afflicted are John & James Huckins & their 
wives, Ralph Hall & wife, Capt. Hardy, Scales, &c. 

Such abnormal manifestations of religious enthusiasm were 
once very common and still are known among uneducated pop- 
ulations. They arc best explained by erroneous teaching ac- 
companied by hypnotic suggestion. Most people, whether 
awake or asleep, do and say as they are taught by a few loaders, 
wise or otherwise. 

The Convocation of Ministers of New Hampshire, in 1747, 
appointed a committee to look into the troubles of the church at 
Durham, who reported that they found the afTairs of the church 
in a very unhappy situation: 

That their Rev* Pastor Mr. Gilman had for a considerable time desisted 
from the work of the Ministry among them, & by all their Endeavours they 
could not prevail with him to reingage in s^ Work; but that they had had for 
the most part preaching on Lord's Days, & that Mr. Wooster still continued to 
preach to them. They also informed us that a considerable Number of their 
Communicants & others of their Congregation had separated from them & 
held a separate meeting in a private House in the Town on the Lords Days & 
at other Times. And the s* Committee was further informed by divers of s"* 

13 



194 HISTORY OF DURHAM 

Church that at s<i separate Meeting there were very disorderly vile & absurd 
things practiced (such as profane singing and dancing, damning the Devil 
spitting in Persons Faces whom they apprehended not to be of their Society 
&c) greatly to the Dishonor of God & Scandal of Religion. 

(Signed) Jon* Gushing 

John Moody. 

It may be that the spitting in the faces of some persons was 
not intended as an insult, but to drive out evil spirits, since the 
same thing is now practised in some countries at the baptism of 
infants. I have often seen it in the Baptistery at Florence, 
Italy. The "profane singing and dancing" might have been 
nothing more than has been practised by Shakers, like the old 
Israelites praising the Lord with the tabret and with the dance. 
Many forms of worship seem absurd and vulgar till we get used 
to them, and then they are too good and sacred to be disturbed. 

The Rev. Joseph Roberts preached for a short time after Mr. 
Gilman ceased to officiate. The latter died of consumption, 13 
April 1748. Sickness probably had much to do with his mental 
disorders. "He was buried at Exeter, whither he was carried 
in procession by the young men of the town. He was greatly 
beloved for the excellencies of his character and disposition." 
His seems to have been a case of religious hallucination, caused 
by feeble health, overstrain of nerves, and the friendly influence 
of an unwise adviser. No records have been preserved of the 
results of his ministry, and we know nothing about baptisms, 
marriages and deaths during his term of office. In those days 
such records were the minister's private property, which usually 
he took away with him. 

Mr. Gilman married, 22 October 1730, Mary, daughter of 
Bartholomew Thing of Exeter, who died 22 February, 1789. 
They had children : Bartholomew, born 26 August 1731; Nicholas, 
born 13 June 1733; Tristram, born 24 November 1735, who 
was graduated at Harvard and became minister of the church at 
North Yarmouth, Me.; Joseph, born 5 May 1738, who became 
a judge in Ohio and died 14 May 1806, and Josiah, born 2 Septem- 
ber 1740, who died 8 February 1801. The inventory of Mr. 
Oilman's estate shows that he had a good library, considerable 



HISTORY OF DURHAM 195 

real estate in Exeter, valuable furniture and one Negro slave, 
besides three gold rings and a pair of gold buttons, etc. 

It was during the pastorate of Mr. Gilman that the parish of 
Madbury was formed of people living in Dover and Durham. 
The petition for the same was addressed to the Governor, Coun- 
cil and House of Representatives, convened the loth day of 
May 1743, and was as follows: 

The Petition of Sundry Persons Inhabitants of the Westerly part of the Town 
of Dover & the Northerly part of Durham in said Province Humbly Shews 
That your Petitioners live at such a distance from the meeting houses in their 
Respective Towns as makes it difficult for them & their Families to attend 
the Public Worship there especially in the Winter & spring seasons of the year 
which induc'd a number of your Petitioners some years since at their own cost 
to Build a meeting house situated more conveniently for them where they have 
some times had preaching in those seasons of the year at their own expense, 
tho they were not Exempted from paying their Proportion at the same time 
to the standing Minister of the Town. 

That the Towns aforesaid are well able as your Petitioners apprehend to bear 
their annual charges without the assistance of y« Petitioners and that they 
might be Incorporated into a new Parish whereby they might be accommodated 
their children & servants (as well as themselves) have more Frequent oppor- 
tunity of attending Publick Worship and all of them Recp the advantages of 
such an Incorporation which considering their present circumstances they think 
would not be a few, and the Towns not Injured. 

That your Petitioners conceive a parish might be erected with out prejudice 
to the other parts of the Town of Dover by the Following Boundaries viz., 
Beginning at the Bridge over Johnsons Creek so called, where the dividing 
Line between Dover and Durham Cross the Country Road & from thence 
running as the said Road runs until it comes even with Joseph Jenkins his 
house & from thence to run on a North West & by North course until it come^ 
to the head of said Township which boundaries would comprehend the estates 
and habitations oC y<= Petitioners living in Dover & the making of a parish 
there will greatly contribute to the settling the lands within said Boundaries 
& those that Lay contiguous as well as be very convenient for y Petitioners. 
Wherefore they most humbly pray that a parish may be erected & Incorporated 
by the Boundaries aforesaid with the usual powers & Priviledges & that such 
of y« Petitioners as live within the Town of Durham may have liberty to Poll 
off into the same, or that such a part of the said Township may be annexed 
thereunto which would be the better way as will accommodate the Remote 
settlers in said Township near the said Boundaries as well as your petitioners 



196 



HISTORY OF DURHAM 



or that they may be Relieved in such other way & method as this Hon^u 
Court shall see fit, & yo-- petitioners as in duty bound shall ever pray &c. 



Thomas Wille 
John Roberts 
Samuel Davis 
Samuel Chesley 
Thomas Bickford 
Daniel McHame 
James Huckins 
Ralph Hall 
William Bussell 
Azariah Boody 
Timothy Moses 

John Demeret 

Zachariah Edgerly 
Francis Drew 
Daniel Young 
William Twombly 
Isaac Twombly 
Joseph Evans Jr. 
John Evens 
Henry Bickford 
Henary Bussell 
Joseph Hicks 
John Tasker 
Derry Pitman 
Paul Gerrish Jr. 
John Bussell 
Job Demeret 
David Daniel 
James Chesle 
Reuben Chesle 
Henery Tibbetes 
[N. H 



John Huckins 
James Jackson 
Zachariah Pitman 
Ely Demerit 
John Foay Jr. 
Solomon Emerson 
Jacob Daniel 
Joseph Rines 
Benjamin Hall 
William Demeret 
William Allen 

his 
Nathiel O Davis 

mark 
Joseph Daniel 
Samuel Davis Jr. 
Jonathan Hanson 
Robert Evens 
Jonathan Daniel 
William Hill 
Stephen Pinkham 
Benjamin Wille 
John Rowe 
Hercules Mooney 
Joseph Twombly 
Abraham Clark 
Joseph Jackson 
James Clemens 
William Dam Jr. 
Morres Fowler 
Robert Wille 
Abel Leathers 



Province Papers, Vol. V.] 



Nothing resulted from this petition and another petition was 
presented 17 January 1754, and Madbury was incorporated as 
a parish 31 May 1755, and impowered to raise money for the 
separate support of preaching, schools and paupers, but remained 
as before with respect to province taxes, highways, etc. This 
parish was vested with full town privileges 20 May 1768. The 



HISTORY OF DURHAM 



197 



the following, here arranged alpha- 
Reuben Gray, 
Capt. Hicks, 
James Huckins, 
John Huckins, 
Robert Huckins, 
William Huckins, 
James Jackson, 
James Jackson Jr., 
Joseph Jackson, 
Antony Jones, 
Benjamin Leathers, 
Joseph Libbey, 
Timothy Moses, 
Timothy Perkins, 
Zachariah Pitman, 
John Roberts, 
Joseph Ryans, » 

John Smith, 
Ebenezer Tasker, 
John Tasker Jr. 
Ens. John Tasker, 
William Tasker, 
Nathaniel Tibbetts, 
Isaac Twombly, 
Joseph Twombly, 
William Twombly Jr., 
Benjamin Willey, 
John Winget, Jr., 
Daniel Young, 
Noah Young. 



second petition was signed by 

betically : 

Azariah Boodey, 
Charles Bickford, 
Henry Bickford, 
Thomas Bickford, 
Ebenezer Buzzell, 
Jacob Buzzell, 
John Buzzell, 
John Buzzell Jr., 
Joseph Buzzell, 
Henry Buzzell, 
William Buzzell, 
William Brown, 
Samuel Chesley, 
James Clemons Jr., 
James Crown, 
James Davis, 
Samuel Davis, 
Joseph Daniels, 
Eli Demeret, 
Ebenezer Demeret, 
John Demeret, 
John Demret Jr., 
Job Demeret, 
William Demeret, 
Zachariah Edgerley, 
Lieut, Emerson, 
John Evens, 
William Fowler, 
Paul Gerrish, 
William Gliden, 
Thomas Glovier, 

The next settled minister was the Rev. John Adams, son of 
Matthew Adams of Boston and nephew of the Rev. Hugh 
Adams. He was born 19 June 1725 and was graduated at 
Harvard College in 1745. The two factions in the church that 
existed in the time of his uncle's pastorate were still quarreling, 
and old Mr. Adams' party, "who had for a long time been 
separated and were a distinct body by themselves," were thought 
by the other party to have been too influential in the choice of 
the new minister. Gradually the opposition subsided with the 
lapse of time and the departure of some from the church militant. 
The articles of agreement with the Rev. John Adams contain 
some interesting touches of history: 



198 HISTORY OF DURHAM 

Articles of Agreement made and Concluded upon the third day of October 
ano que Domeney 1748 and in the twenty Second year of his maiesties Reign 
Between John Adams now Residing in Durham in the provence of newhamp- 
shire Clerk of the one Part & Philip Chesle David Davis Stephen Jones Jun 
Benj* Smith Job Runals Nath Rendal Joseph Wheler Jos Glidden Sam' Wille 
Daniel Rogers Benj* Mathes & Joseph Sias all of Durham afore said as a Com- 
mittee of the said town lawfully chosen & appointed to contract & agree with 
the said John Adams for his sallerey as the Gospel minister of the s<i town of 
the other part as follows that is to say where as the said town have lately 
invited & caled the said John Adams to settel among them the inhabitants of s* 
town in the office & capasaty of a Gospel minister to them which call the said 
John Adams has been Pleased to accept & we being chosen for ye purpose afore 
said Have bargained & agreed and by the Presents Do Covenant Bargain & 
agree to & with the said John Adams to pay him and the s<J town shall hereby 
be obliged to pay the sd John Adams the yearly salary of five hundred pounds 
old tenor bills of Public Credit during the time that he shall continue in the 
gospel ministry in the sd town the sd yearly salary to commence the twenty 
fifth day of March next and for the Preventing of iniustice & dispute between 
the sd town & the said John Adams by the alteration & change of the Value 
of the said bills it is further agreed by the sd parties to these Presents that the 
sd bills shall be fixed according to the following Rules of Computation with 
Respect to the said sum that is to say comparing the same with Indian Corn 
at thirty shillings old tennor a bushel Pork at three shillings old tenor a pound 
& beaf at one shilling and six pence old tennor a pound and in case the sd 
specis of Provision shall be dearer & the Price thereof Rise then the said yearly 
salary shall be increased & such a farther sum added thereunto as shall be equil- 
ent & Proportionable to the Rising & Increas of the Price of such Provision 
above the Respective Prices herein before mentioned and in case the prices 
of the said Kinds of Provision shall fall & be lower than the Respective sums 
aforesd than the sd yearly sallery shall be abated & such a sum deducted from 
the same as shall be Equelant & Proportionable to such fall & lowering of the 
sd Prices and in case one of said Kinds of Provision only shall alter in the price 
either derer of cheper then one third of the sd sum of five hundred pounds 
shall folow the sd price or the Rule of that Kind of Provision & be either in- 
creased or deminished in Proportion as aforesaid & the other Remaining the 
same then two thirds of the sd five hundred Pounds shall folow the said altera- 
tion in manner aforesaid — 

And it is hereby farther covenanted & agreed between the sd Parties to 
these Presents that ye said John Adams shall have hold & enioy the Parson- 
age house which the late Reverant Nicolas Gilman occupied & improved in 
said Durham and the ten acres of Parsonage land lying near to sd house which 
he improved also being part of the Parsonage lands belonging to sd town dur- 
ing the time of his ministry as afore said & the said John Adams doth hereby 
covenant and agree to and with the sd Commite that he will accept the afore 
said sum of five hundred Pounds to be paid in manner afore said with the 
mprovement of the said house and land as afore said in full of all demands 
and claims for salary from the said town for his service in the capasaty afore 
sd and that he will Keep the sd house in good tenentable Repair at his own 



HISTORY OF DURHAM 1 99 

own proper cost & charge. In testemoney whereof the said Parties to these 
Presents have hereunto interchangably set their hands and seals the day and 
year first above written. 

Then follow the signatures of the persons above named. The 
acceptance of his call is also spread upon the town records as 
follows: 

Durham, New Hampshire, October third 1748. 

Whereas it has pleased the Soverign Ruler & Dysposer of all things to 
incline and dispose the generalaty of the People of this place to attend to my 
Preaching amongst them with such satisfaction & approbation as that the 
freeholders of said town at there meeting held here on the day last Past 
were very unancmus in giving me an invitation & call to settel among them 
in the work of the ministry & to undertake & ingage in the office & duty of the 
Gospell ministry of the said town and after due Deliberation upon this weighty 
afTair & considering the great unaninity of the people in this case which is the 
more Remarkable because of former Divisions among them I esteem the voice 
of the people in this case to be the voice of God and ading to this some par- 
ticuler call from God & secret intimation to my own Breast inclining me there- 
to I accept of the said invitation & call Promising as the Lord shall anable me 
faithfulley to the utmost of my ability to Discharge the Duties of that defficult 
and Important affair and in all things according to my Power to behave my 
self as becoms a minister of the Gospele of Jesus Christ & to be contented 
with such Satiesfaction Salery and Reward as shall be agreed between the Com- 
tee of ye town and my self. In testemony where of I hereunto subscribe my 
name as in the Presents & in the favor of the Lord the day and year above 
writen — 

John Adams. 

On account of fluctuating prices the salar>' of Mr. Adams was 
changed, in 1774, to seventy-two pounds ten shillings of lawful 
money, half to be paid semiannually. New difficulties arose 
and he was dismissed 16 January 1778, after thirty years of serv- 
ice. He removed to Newfield, Me., in 1781, where he preached 
and practised medicine till his death, 9 June 1792. He mar- 
ried (i) 13 October 1752, Sarah Wheeler of Durham, (2) Hannah 
Chesley of Durham, and had fourteen children. About a cen- 
tury after his departure from Durham a copy of his manuscript 
records of marriages and baptisms during the years 1749-63 was 
obtained by Miss Mary P. Thompson from one of his descend- 
ants. There are one hundred and twenty marriages and three 
hundred and thirty-three baptisms. The Rev. John Adams was 
a man of ability in mechanics and music as well as in the work 
of the ministny^ He took an active part in the events that led to 
the Revolution and was chairman of the first committee in Dur- 



200 HISTORY OF DURHAM 

ham of Correspondence, Inspection and Safety. It is said of 
him that at times he was greatly depressed and at other times his 
genius flashed out in bursts of eloquence. Toward the close 
of his pastorate in Durham prejudices were excited against him 
"by a false and slanderous attack on his character by a worth- 
less woman." Thus the lie of a disreputable person sometimes 
outweighs the truth as proclaimed and lived throughout thirty 
years, and those who believe such a lie are about as guilty as the 
liar. When he preached his farewell sermon in Durham, he 
requested his audience to sing, after his reading, a metrical ver- 
sion of the I20th Psalm, which certainly ministered to mortifi- 
cation, if not to edification. 

It was during the pastorate of the Rev. John Adams that the 
parish of Lee was formed. A house of worship must have been 
built in Lee quite early, for 28 October 1765, the town of Dur- 
ham voted thirty pounds lawful money to "repair the meeting 
house near Little River." The first meeting house stood 
in the burial ground at Paul Giles' corner. The Rev. Samuel 
Hutchins was the first minister. The Rev. John Osborne 
preached there many years, though the Congregational Church 
in Lee was not organized till 3 December 1867. 

After the dismission of Mr. Adams the church was in a weak 
condition. The members were few and scattered. A confes- 
sion of faith was for the first time adopted and nine males and 
ten females subscribed to it, after the installation of his succes- 
sor. They were Curtis Coe, Abednego Lethers, John Edgerly, 
Thomas Bickford, Benj^ Smith, Walter Bryent, Valentine 
Mathes, Jeremiah Burnham, Joseph Stevens, Phebe Mathes, 
Bethiah Bickford, Hannah Mathes, Margaret Frost, Sarah 
Edgerly, Mary Chesle, Abigail Burnham, Hannah Small, Eliza- 
beth Bryent, and Abigail Thomas. There may have been a few 
more church members at that time, but, if so, they did not sign 
the new covenant and creed. 

The Rev. Curtis Coe was born in Middleton, Conn., 21 July 
1750. He was graduated at Brown University in 1776. He 
began preaching at Durham as early as 18 August 1779 and was 
ordained and installed there i November 1780. It was agreed 
that he haVe the use of the parsonage house, to be repaired, and 
£75 in money annually, to be computed according to the price 
of certain articles. Mr. Coe resigned his pastorate i May 1806 



HISTORY OF DURHAM 201 

and became a home missionary in Milton, N. H., and in other 
towns. He married, 22 February 1781, Ann, daughter of Judge 
Ebenezer Thompson. The dismissing council declared that 
"Mr. Coe's character is unspotted" and that they esteemed him 
"a man eminent for piety and a faithful minister of the New 
Testament." He died in South Newmarket 7 June 1829. 
Descendants of his are now living in Durham. 

It was during the pastorate of Mr. Coe, in 1792, that a new 
meeting house was erected on the site of the former one, where 
now is the Sullivan monument. The plans for this meeting 
house were drawn by Judge Ebenezer Thompson, perhaps 
acting as agent for Noah Jewett, to whom the town records 
ascribe the plan. The meeting house was sixty feet in length, 
fifty feet in width, and the posts were twenty-nine feet high. 
It had a portico at the front door and another at the back door, 
with "good handsome hewn stones at the doors." The house 
had broad galleries around three sides and a lofty pulpit at the 
east end, with a sounding board over it and deacons' pew in 
front of it. At the west end was "a steeple with a spire and a 
weathercock or vane thereon." In this steeple hung a bell, 
which could be heard at the mouth of Oyster River. "The 
plastered arch overhead" was "painted a sky color interspersed 
with scattered clouds." The contract specified that the meet- 
ing house should be like that at Amherst, N. H., built also by 
Edmund Thompson. The old meeting house was sold at auc- 
tion to Capt. Joseph Richardson for £40. It pioved to be rotten 
and so the town released him from paying £20. 

At vendue at the house of Joseph Richardson the building 
of the new meeting house was struck off to William Smith, at 
£760. April 13, 1792, the committee, which consisted of Valen- 
tine Mathcs, Ebenezer Thompson, Ebenezer Smith, Joseph 
Young, Bradbury Jewell, E<lnuind Pendergast, Zebulon Durgin, 
Jonathan Woodman, Jr., Noah Jewett, Edmund Thompson and 
John Blydenburgh, located the house as follows: "The sill on 
the fore side or southern side shall be placed and leveled as 
follows, viz., the west end to be placed exactly where the north- 
west corner of the old meeting house stood, and to be ex- 
tended easterly exactly over the sajne ground where the back 
side of the old meeting house was placed, and to be carried on 
the same line until the sixty feet is completed, and the other sills 




Rev. Curtis Coe 



HISTORY OF DURHAM 203 

to be squared accordingly." The house had an "electric wire," 
or lightning-rod, at a cost of £5, 185. 

Pews were sold at prices ranging from £19 to £34. The fol- 
lowing persons were purchasers: John Blydenburgh, Noah 
Jewett, Ebenezer Thompson, Joseph Chesley, Samuel Edgerly, 
Stephen Cogan, Ebenezer Thompson, Jr., Jeremiah Mooney, 
George Frost, Jr., Zebulon Durgin, Joseph Richardson, James 
Leighton, William Ballard, Eliphalet Daniel, Edmund Thomp- 
son, Benjamin Thompson, George Dame, Samuel Edgerly, Jr., 
Jacob Crommett, Capt. Jonathan Woodman, Samuel Joy, Joseph 
Wormwood, Col. Samuel Adams, Stephen Evans, Samuel 
Edgerly, Thomas Pinkham, Lieut. Benjamin Chesley, John 
Stevens, Capt. Joseph Young, William Smith, Ebenezer Doe, 
Valentine Mathes, Esq., Valentine Wormwood, Benjamin 
Smith, Reuben Bickford, Jonathan Chesley, Edward Pender- 
gast, Timothy Meserve, Bradbury Jewell, Curtis Coe, Joshua 
Davis, John Bennett, Stephen Durgin, John Smith, 3d, and Robert 
Lapish. The thirty-one remaining pews were struck off to 
W^illiam Smith at £4 each. 

While the new church was in process of erection, meetings were 
held in Jonathan Edgerly's Bark House, so called, which stood 
near his tannery, near the Falls. Mr. Edgerly lived where Mr. 
David H. Fogg now lives, on the north side of the road to the 
Point, in the vicinity of the Pound. Town meetings were held 
in this Bark House in 1796, after the new meeting house was 
completed. Some town meetings were held in Joseph Richard- 
son's tavern. In March 1798, the town meeting was held in 
the school house, erected the year before, near Widow Griffin's. 

About this time towns were ceasing to pay taxes for the sup- 
port of ministers and poll parishes were formed. New denomi- 
nations were coming in, and the Baptist Church at Madbury, 
of which the Rev. William Hooper was minister, attracted some 
of the Rev. Curtis Coe's parishioners, who for some reason did 
not take kindly to his preaching. The dissenters seem to have 
been led by Col. Timothy Emerson, who sued the town for 
ta.xing him for ministerial support. A letter from the Rev. Wil- 
liam Hooper is recorded in the town records, dated 31 December 
1802. He stated that the following persons from Durham were 
regular members of his church and society and had contributed 
that year to his support, viz., Jonathan Steele, Andrew Simpson, 



204 HISTORY OF DURHAM 

James Durgin, Jeremiah Emerson, John Ffrost, Jonathan Ches- 
ley, Jonathan Chesleyjr., John Anglers, Robert Bickford, Samuel 
Langley, Samuel C. Drew, John Bickford, Nathaniel Demeritt, 
Andrew Stevens, Benjamin Smith, Israel Demeritt, Robert Burn- 
ham, Philip Chesley, Edward Wells, Joseph Daniels, Elijah Gove,. 
John Winkley, Robert Leathers, Jr., Thomas Jones, Andrew 
Emerson, George Grover, John Stevens, John Emei-son, Joshua 
Ballard, William Emerson, Ephraim Hanson, Samuel Stevens, 
Andrew Bickford, William Bickford, Anne Stevens, Elizabeth 
Stevens, and Love Davis — thirty-six in all, while the total mem- 
bership of the church at Durham Falls was not more than half 
that number. This indicated either decided opposition to the 
Rev. Curtis Coe or to the system by which they were taxed ta 
pay him. There was a wide call for a complete separation of 
church and state. Methodists, Baptists, Quakers and others 
were building denominational churches. The above persons were 
temporary Baptists for financial as well as ecclesiastical reasons. 
March 28, 1805, Jonathan Steele and fifty others petitioned for 
a poll parish in Durham. In 1807 and 1808 nothing was voted 
by the town for the support of the ministry. 

After the dismissal of Mr. Coe the church was without a pastor 
for more than eleven years, declining in numbers and strength. 
The Rev. Samuel Greeley was paid $32, for preaching four Sab- 
baths in 1807, and widow Margaret Frost was paid $16 for board- 
ing him. Probably there was preaching by others from time to 
time, of which there is no record. There were no additions to 
the church from 30 October 1790 to 22 June 1817, nearly eight- 
een years. At the latter date there were only seven members 
of the church. In 1814 the Rev. Federal Burt came to Durham 
as agent of the Massachusetts Society for Promoting Christian 
Knowledge. From that time until his ordination he preached 
here at intervals, a considerable portion of that period. Thus he 
became interested in the people and the people in him. With the 
aid of the aforenamed society and also of the New Hampshire 
Missionary Society, together with the strenuous exertions of a 
few persons in Durham, provision was made for the support of a 
minister, and 18 June 1817 the Rev. Federal Burt was installed 
as the fifth pastor of the church. His ministry was one of un- 
surpassed prosperity. Old prejudices were laid aside, and gen- 
uine piety was promoted. Soon additions were made to the 



HISTORY OF DURHAM 205 

church and continued from time to time. The largest addition 
was in 1826, following a revival, resulting in part from a 
meeting of the General Association. Thirty-seven new mem- 
bers were thus gained, not all stable converts, since five of 
them were afterwards excommunicated. This revival was 
greatly aided by the labors of the Rev. Henry Smith, son of 
Ebenezer Smith, Esq., of Durham, a graduate of Bowdoin Col- 




Rev. Federal Burt 

lege and of Andover Theological Seminary. During Mr. Burt's 
ministry the membership of the church increased from seven to 
about seventy. 

The Rev. Federal Burt was born at Southampton, Mass., 
4 March 1789 and, therefore, named Federal. He was graduated 
at Williams College in 18 12. He married Mary Pickering of 
Newington in July 1819. In 1827 he suffered the amputation 
of a finger and then of an arm. His health being impaired, he 



206 HISTORY OF DURHAM 

was appointed editor of the Neiv Hampshire Observer, and he 
edited that paper till his death, 9 February 1828. He is des- 
cribed as "a man of large stature, of generous, magnanimous 
spirit, of ardent temperament, yet of sound judgment. Pos- 
sessing superior conversational powers, much ability in extem- 
poraneous speaking, and being skilled in adapting himself to 
people of different classes and conditions, he was a leader among 
his associates." When he was called to Durham he had another 
invitation to Salisbury, Conn., where the prospects were more 
flattering, but a committee of ministerial brethren from the vicin- 
age expressed their "desire to have the assistance of another 
fellow labourer in the hard & barren ground of the part of the 
vineyard in which our Divine Master has seen fit to station us," 
and so Mr. Burt accepted the call to Durham. This record may 
convince some that in "the good old times" the churches were 
not more prosperous than at present. The people were not 
more religious, nor did they like to go to meeting any better than 
now. The ministers had more trials and it was harder to collect 
regularly their meager salaries. The Revs. John Buss, Hugh 
Adams, John Adams and Curtis Coe, all had great trouble in 
collecting amounts due to them according to terms of contracts 
made. 

It is recorded that Mr. Burt was accustomed to wear in the 
pulpit the clerical gown of black silk, and that after the preach- 
ing service the audience respectfully arose and stood while Mr. 
and Mrs. Burt passed down the broad aisle. Have reverence 
and respect decreased in these latter days? 

It was during the pastorate of Mr. Burt that the first Sunday 
School was formed in Durham. At a meeting held at the 
school house, Sunday evening, 23 March, 1819, James Bartlett, 
Jedediah Ingalls and Abraham Perkins were chosen directors 
of the proposed school, whose duty it was to select instructors and 
have the government and management of the school. Joseph 
Hanson, Benjamin Mathes, Jr., and James Joy were another 
committee to procure clothing for the destitute and funds for 
the school. The following instructors and pupils are on record. 
Valentine Smith's class consisted of Hamilton Smith, Charles- 
Parks, John Parks, John Odell, Daniel Holt and John Hanson. 
Miss Martha Leighton had under her care a class whose names 
are not recorded, and the same is true of Mr. Joseph Hanson.. 



HISTORY OF DURHAM 20/ 

Miss Abigail Ballard taught the following, Mary Jackson, Mary 
Chesley, Laura Emerson, Susan Leighton, Louisa Doe, Jane 
Chesley and Sarah Chesley. 

The class of Miss Sarah Richardson consisted of Mary Hull 
13, Eliza Meserve ii, Rebecca Pickering ii, Betsey Henderson 
9, Charity Willey 8, Dorothy Garland 7, and Adaline Griffin 15. 

Miss Margaret Blydenburgh had for pupils, Martha Board- 
man, Harriet Pickering, Sarah Garland, Harriet Libbey, Mary 
Thompson, Mehitable Doe, and Elizabeth Holt. 

Miss Charlotte Gregg had in her class Eliza Chesley 12, 
Eliza Ingalls 9, Clarissa Coos 12, Caroline Tego 17, Jane Parks 
5, Fanny Hull 11, Abigail Emerson and Mehitable Morse 7. 

Miss Abigail Joy had as pupils Mary Davis, Caroline FoUett, 
Lucy A. Hull, Jane Boardman, Mary Chesley, Lydia Yeaton, 
Elizabeth Yeaton 7, and Mehitable Bunker 7. 

The successor of the Rev. Federal Burt was the Rev. Robert 
Page, who was born 25 April 1790, graduated at Bowdoin Col- 
lege in 1810, at Andover Seminary in 1815, was ordained and 
settled at Bradford, N. H., in 1822 and was installed at Dur- 
ham 3 December 1826. He specified in accepting the call that his 
small salary should be paid regularly. This was not done, and 
so he resigned his pastorate after a little more than two years. 
He was dismissed by Council 31 March 1831. The Council 
declared him to be "an able minister of Jesus Christ, highly 
esteemed in our congregations and approved and beloved by his 
brethren in the ministry." He afterwards labored with success 
at Hanover, Hillsborough and Lempster and died 12 January 
1876. 

The Rev. Alvan Tobey, D. D., succeeded Mr. Page. He was 
born at Wilmington, Vt., i April 1808, graduated at Amherst 
College in 1828 and at Andover Seminary in 1831. He began 
preaching at Durham the, first Sabbath of October of 1831 and 
was ordained 20 November 1833. His salary was $500, of which 
$100 were paid 1)\ the New Hampshire Missionary Society. 
In 1854 the salar>- was increased to $650 in consequence of Mr. 
Tobey's proposal to withdraw. More than once he had to 
stir up the brethren to make due collections for his salary, yet he 
remained till Januar\- 1871. In 1867 subscriptions were ob- 
tained to nearly double his salar>\ Before that he declared 
that he received only half enough to comfortably support his 



208 



HISTORY OF DURHAM 



family. He was greatly esteemed and the church prospered 
under his ministry of nearly thirty-nine years. One hundred 
and forty-nine members were added to the church, thirty-four 
of them in the year 1868. Mr. Tobey removed to Somersworth, 
where he died 20 September 1874. 

It was during his pastorate, in 1848-49, that the old meeting 




Rev. Alvan Tobey, D.D. 



house was torn down and the new church was erected, which con- 
tinues unto the present day. Mr. Tobey saw the need of this and 
advocated it several years before the work was accomplished. 
Elder John Adams of Adams Point bought the old meeting house 
and with the lumber erected some boarding houses at Salmon 
Falls and Great Falls. Some of the round posts under the gal- 



HISTORY OF DURHAM 



209 



leries now form a part of the pagoda on the shore of the bay near 
the residence of Mr. Adams. 

The new meeting house, or church, as some have since pre- 
ferred to call it, was erected on a lot purchased of Samuel Dun- 
star for $250. The contractor and builder was Moses H. 
Wiggin, Esq. The plans cost $31, and the cost of the furnace for 
heating it was $150. The total cost was $3,325. In 1851 an 
organ was put in at a cost of $500. The church was paid for by 




Congregational Church 



■sale of pews, a method of church building then much in vogue, 
which public opinion now ^lisapproves as hostile to the general 
spirit and purpose of a christian church. The rich and the 
poor should meet together for worship, the Lord being the maker 
of them all. The easiest way of getting money for religious 
purposes is not always the best way. The new church was dedi- 
cated 13 September 1849. 

The successor of Mr. Tobey was the Rev. Henry Laurens 
Talbot, born 4 August 1836 at East Machias, Me. He was 
graduated at Andover Seminary in 1870 and was installed at 

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HISTORY OF DURHAM 21 1 

Durham, i January 1873. He was dismissed at his request 13 
March 1882 and made his residence in Durham until his death. 
During his pastorate twenty-five new members were added to 
the church. 

The Rev. Samuel H. Barnum was the next pastor. He was 
graduated at Yale College in 1875 and at Yale Theological Sem- 
inary in 1879. He preached about three years at Salisbury, 
N. H. He began his ministry in Durham 30 July 1882 and was 
installed 25 April 1883. During his pastorate was organized the 
Young People's Society of Christian Endeavor. He was dis- 
missed 25 March 1890, having accepted a call to Cornwall, Vt. 

The church was then without a settled pastor till 30 April 
1895, during which time the Rev. Charles H. Chapin acted as 
pastor. He was educated at Cornell University and had preached 
at Acworth and Lyme, N. H. During his pastorate the church 
was repaired and enlarged, and a new organ and a new furnace 
were put in. 

The Rev. Oliver D. Sewall commenced preaching in Durham, 
I April 1895. He was born at Chesterville, Me., 23 January 
1865 and was graduated at Bowdoin College in 1887 and at 
Andover Theological Seminary in 1892. He was pastor at 
Strong, Me., two years. He was installed at Durham 30 April 
1895, and remained two years. He was assistant pastor at 
Brookline, Mass., from 1897 till 1909, and has since been pastor 
at Great Barrington, Mass. 

The Rev. W'illiam S. Beard was born in Harwich, Mass., 9 
June 1870, son of the Rev. William Henry and Mary Adelaide 
(Parker) Beard, grandson of the Re\-. Spencer Field Beard. He 
was graduated from Phillips Academy, Andover, in 1890, from 
Yale Academic in 1894 and from the Yale Divinity School in 
1897. After serving a short time at Westchester and at South 
KillingK', Conn., he accepted a call to Durham, where he began 
his work in July 1897. He was ordained and installed 28 Sep- 
tember 1897, and remained till the last Sunday in June 1908. 
During his pastorate the parsonage was purchased and en- 
tirely remodeled; the chapel was moved from its old location to 
its present one and was enlarged, providing parlor, study, dining 
room and kitchen. The church and chapel were painted and 
renovated, newly cushioned and carpeted and refitted with elec- 
tric lights, and water was introduced. Mr. Beard was secre- 



212 



HISTORY OF DURHAM 



tary of the Village Improvement Society and served six months 
on the school board. He was called to the First Congregational 
Church at Willimantic, Conn., where he began his work in 
September 1908, and where he still is pastor. 

The successor of Mr. Beard was the Rev. Telesphore Taisne, 
son of Augustin and Clara (Le Vigne) Taisne, born in Caulery, 
France, 29 May 1876. He was educated at the French-American 
College, Springfield, Mass., graduating in 1899, and in Hartford 




Congregational Church 



Theological Seminary, graduating in 1902. He was ordained to 
the Congregational ministry at the French church, Marlboro, 
Mass., 25 November 1902, and remained with that church two 
years. From 1903 to 1909 he was pastor of the Sixth Street 
Church, Auburn, Me., where he was a member of the school 
board. He began preaching in Durham the first Sunday in 
February 1909, and was installed as pastor 18 May of the same 
year, where he remained till his death, 23 December 191 1, from 



HISTORY OF DURHAM 213 

typhoid fever. He married, 2 July 1902, at Westfield, Mass., 
Winifred N. Chisholm, daughter of Oscar H., and JuHa (Cuson) 
Chisholm, who survives him. During his pastorate he taught 
very acceptably several classes in French in the college and the 
last year of his life he had charge of the chapel exercises. Mr. 
Taisne was regarded as one of the stronger preachers of his 
denomination, and his untimely death cast a gloom over the 
community. 

The present pastor of the church is the Rev. Fred T. Knight, 
who was born in Boston, Mass., 12 August 1859. He was edu- 
cated at the Boston Latin School, Harvard, 1881, Harvard Law 
School, 1884, Hartford Theological Seminary, 1895. He prac- 
tised law ten years in Boston. His pastorates have been in 
Quincy, Mass., 1897-1900, Stamford, Conn., 1902-04, North- 
bridge, Mass., 1904-08, Harwich, Mass., 1910-12, Durham, 
I December 1912 to the present time. He married, 29 June 
1898, Cara W. Hanscom. 

Deacons, and Dates of Their Election 

Nathaniel Hill, 1718 Valentine Mathes, 1781, de- 
Samuel Emerson, 1718 clined to serve 

John Ambler, 1718 Walter Bryant, 1781 

James Nock, 1721 Abraham Perkins, 1819 

John Williams, 1722 William Wiggin, 1826 

James Langley, 1724 John Thompson, 1835 

Joseph Wheeler, 1732 William Tuttle, Jr., 1869 

Jonathan Thompson, before 1738 James M. Smart, 1869 

Ebenezer Smith, before 1752 John E. Thompson, 1874 

Benjamin Wheeler, before 1766 Winthrop S. Meserve, 1877 

Jeremiah Burnham Albert Young, 1894 

Hubbard Stevens, before ^1765 Charles H. Pettee, 1896 

Lieut. John Smith Arthur F. Nesbitt, 1907 

Nathaniel Norton, before 1777 Forrest E. Cardullo, 191 2 

Samuel Joy, 1791 Charles E. Hewitt, 1913 

Parsonages 

The first parsonage, occupied by the Rev. John Buss, was near 
the first meeting house, by the oyster bed, and was burned in 
1694. Just where Mr. Buss lived afterward does not appear, but 



214 



HISTORY OF DURHAM 



there is a tradition that he Hved on the parsonage lot, just south of 
the road from the Falls to the Point. 

Another parsonage was built in 1739, on an acre of land bought 
of Lieut. Samuel Smith, and Lieut. Jonathan Thompson and 
Lieut. Francis Mathes were a committee to receive a deed for 
the same. The price paid was £31. This land was near the 
top of the hill as one goes from the Falls to the Point, on the 
north side of the road after passing the road to Newmarket, in 




The Parsonage 



the rear of the small house now called the Johnson house. The 
town records say that this parsonage was sold in 1831 for $26.50. 
Here lived the Rev. John Adams and the Rev. Curtis Coe. 

The house built about 1720 by the Rev. Hugh Adams, a 
few rods south of the so-called Sullivan house, was occupied by 
him and later by the Rev. Mr. Tobey, and has been called a 
parsonage, though it was never owned by the parish. It was 
removed to the north side of Denbow's brook, on the road to 
Newmarket, was repaired and is still in good condition. 



HISTORY OF DURHAM 21=, 

The present parsonage of the Congregational Church was 
built by Capt. Andrew Lapish Simpson before his marriage to 
Lydia Kelley, 23 September 1840. The barn was the old house 
owned and occupied by William Odiorne, ship-builder and com- 
missioner for the preservation of forests. He married Avis, 
daughter of the Rev. Hugh Adams. He sold his "mansion house " 
to Timothy Meader in 1770. Afterward it was owned by Robert 
Lapish, and then by his son-in-law, Andrew Simpson, and by 
Capt. Simpson until about the time of his marriage. His widow, 
Mrs. Lydia (Kelley) Simpson, died 31 May 1895, aged 81 years 
and four months. She joined the church in Durham, 10 February 
1833, and was always liberal in its support. She is remembered as 
kind and benevolent, a friend to the church and to all in need,' 
one whose social qualities drew around her many friends. She 
bequeathed this house to the Congregational Society in Durham 
and to the Durham Library Association. The latter sold their 
half to the former, and the house has been used as a parsonage 
since 1895. Capt. Simpson was a noted sea-captain and doubled 
Cape Horn twenty-six times. He was representative several 
years in the State legislature. He died 18 December 1870. 

The First Christian Church in Durham 

The organization of this church was due to the efforts of the 
Rev. William Demeritt, who was ordained at Lee, ii July 1816, 
together with the Rev. Israel Chesley. The audience was so 
large that the meeting house could not hold them. A hay-rack 
was turned upside down, and the bottom of it was used as a 
platform for the ordination ceremonies. 

Elder Demeritt was a minister of commanding presence and 
popular gifts. He served in the ministry gratuitously on prin- 
ciple. He also acted as selectman in 1812, 1833 and 1834. He 
is said to have baptized and married more persons than any 
other minister in his'region of country. The baptisms were by 
immersion just below the bridge, and sometimes the ice was cut 
from the river in preparation for the solemn rite. 

The First Christian Church was organized 4 December 1819 
and held its first meetings in private houses and in the old school 
house west of the residence of Mrs. Albert L. Comings. The 
brick meeting house was built on the site of the old George 



2l6 HISTORY OF DURHAM 

Chesley dwelling house, which was burned 24 September 1823^ 
when widow Sarah Chesley and Patrick Cogan, who had been a 
quartermaster in the Revolution, perished in the flames. The 
brick church was dedicated 20 January 1825. 

The following brief but sufficient agreement was made by the 
first members of this church : 

We the subscribers, professed followers of Jesus Christ, agree to strive ta 
walk together in the spirit of a Church of Christ, to take the scriptures for our 
guide and Christ our head, to watch over each other for our benefit, the strong 
to bear the infirmities of the weak, and so fulfill the law of God, to be known 
by the name of the First Christian Church in Durham. 

The organizing members were Daniel Mathes, Robert Mathes^ 
■James Chesley, Benjamin Mathes, Ebenezer Doe, Richard Kent, 
John Meader, Ebenezer Parsons, Benjamin Dame, Isaac Water- 
house, William Demeritt, Aenon Barhew, Deborah Chesley, Mrs. 
Lapish, Elizabeth Durgin, Sally Chesley, Susan Mathes, Betsy 
Mathes, Sally Doe, Olive Emerson, Mary Demeritt, Comfort 
Laskey, Sally Parsons, Susan Chesley, Mary Dame, Drusilla 
Wiggin, Hannah Pendergast, Nancy Fowler, Abigail Demeritt, 
Betsy Randall, Lovey Whitehouse, Margaret Appleton, Lois 
Smart, Mrs. Henderson, Loisa Doe, Abigail Leighton, Lovey 
Edgerly, Olive Smart, Avis Bodge, and Sally Mathes. 

Elder Elijah Shaw became the minister of this church in 1842, 
wiien there were thirty-four male members and fifty female 
members; notwithstanding twenty -three members had died since 
its organization and forty had joined other churches. Rev. 
Elijah Shaw was born at Kensington, N. H., 19 December 1793 
and died at Fall River, Mass., 5 May 1851. He served as pastor 
at Salisbury, Mass., Portland, Me., Lowell, Mass., Durham, 
Franklin, N. H., and Fall River, Mass., and also as editor of the 
Christian Journal. Elder Mosher was chosen pastor in 1850 and 
Elder J. S. Smith in 1862. 

The Christian Society was incorporated, in 1850 and the fol- 
lowing persons signed its Constitution: James Langley, Daniel 
Mathes, Stephen Reynolds, Gideon C. Pitman, James Smart, 
Jacob Sheppard, Thomas B. Mathes, Clement M. Davis, 
Thomas Bartlett, Samuel Runlett, Richard Follet, Daniel Lee, 
John Ellison, William J. Chesley, William Walker, Samuel E. 
Mosher, William W. Jackson, Timothy Demeritt, Nathan 
Keniston, Caleb G. Cloutman, Albert L. Gleason, J. S. Smith, 



HISTORY OF DURHAM 21 J 

H. W. B. Grover, Charles H. Whitehorn, Willard C. Tufts, 
William D. Langley, Marcus M. Estabrooks, Albert Young, and 
Job. R. Giles. 

The church gradually declined and the brick meeting house 
was sold at auction, with the land adjoining, ii June 1889, to the 
Town School District, for $255. The proceeds were divided 
among the pew owners, the final dividend being made in 1894. 



ROADS 

For some years after the first settlements in. Dover the rivers 
were the only highways, and the only vehicles were boats. When 
horses came into use, bridle paths were made through the forests, 
following probably in some instances old Indian trails. These 
were gradually widened to permit the hauling of masts and tim- 
ber. The winding paths of least resistance were followed, little 
care being taken to avoid steep hills or to cut them down. The 
brooks and shallow streams were forded. Bridges and carriage 
roads came much later. For the Mast Roads in Durham see 
Miss Mary P. Thompson's Landmarks in Ancient Dover for a 
full description. 

The first road of which there is any historical mention is that 
from Oyster River Point, now Durham Point, to "Hills Mill," 
at the Falls, in 1659, when this highway was presented at Court 
because of its bad condition. The path at the head of John- 
sons' Creek w^as presented at the same time. This was the path 
leading from the Falls to Cochecho. 

In 1663 Philip Chesley and Patrick Jameson w^ere chosen "to 
lay out the heigways from 0>'ster River to Cochechae and make 
the heigways fitt for horse and foot and bring thear a Compt 
of thear charges to the Townsmen." 

In 1664 Capt. Ralph Hall and Dea. John Hall were ordered to 
lay out a highway from Lamprill River fall to the water side in 
Great Bay, through what was afterward called Doe's Neck, in 
Newmarket, then a part of Dover. See page 32. 

In 1686 John Woodman, Thomas Edgerly, Nicholas Harrison, 
John W'in,gate, and John Tuttle, selectmen, reported that they 
had laid out highways as' follows: "from Willies Creeke near 
Bickfords Ferry unto Oyster River fall," and also a road to " Bel- 
limans banke falls, neare along as the path goes fouer Rods in 
breadth as it was formerly laid out by John Bickford and John 
Woodman by a Towne order." They also reported that they 
had "bin Uppon the high wayes betwixt Oyster River and Lam- 
perele River & have laid out the high wayes as the path goes to 
be fouer Rod wide from Oyster River falls to Lampriele River 
falls, or about fortie Rods above it as may be most conuenient, 

219 




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HISTORY OF DURHAM 221 

and we have Laid out a highway from oyster River falls unto 
the freshett or over the River into the Commons by Edward 
Smalls of fower Rod wide near as the Path now goes." 

In 1701 it was voted in Dover town meeting "that a highway 
be laid out from the mast path to the Cheslies mill on Oyster 
River over the freshet, to run by Edward Smalls and so clear 
threw to the old way formerly Laid into the commons by 
Edward Smalls and so to Lamperele Second Falls maintaining 
the same breadth." This is the southerly branch of the Mill 
Road, after crossing Oyster River at Chesley's Mill, where the 
ruins of the old dam are plainly seen. On this road or near it 
lived Jabez Davis and Dea. John E. Thompson in more recent 
times, whose lonely abandoned house is perched upon the bank 
close to the railroad cutting. Here was once a fine farm, with 
beautiful shade trees and orchard and five miles of well laid stone 
wall. Further out on this road, now abandoned, lived Edward 
Small two hundred or more years ago. In Mr. Caverno's lower 
field and near the river is an old cellar, where some say Mr. Bal- 
lard built a house, but the land seems to be described in a deed 
from Jonathan Woodman and his wife, Elizabeth, of Dover, for 
"y^ Natural Lov^e & affection w*"^ I have & bear to my Sister 
Mary Small of Moniemay." The conveyance was of twenty 
acres on the "south Side of Oyster River Betwixt y^ Mill Pond 
& y® River" and the date was lo June 1707. 

In the year 1719 there was a petition for the reopening of the 
old road from the Falls along the northwesterly side of the 
freshet, or mill-pond. The original petition is of great interest, 
since it has the autograph signatures of over fort\- of the men of 
Oyster River at that time. The petition is here given with the 
names underwritten, except two or three that can not be de- 
ciphered easily. 

To the Worshipfull Justices now siting at porthmouth the Compleint of us the 
Subscribers hombly shueth that where as the town of Doucr have granted 
and Laid out highways at the hed of oyster River and also Land Laid out for 
a Landing place for Laying of Timber & other goods which now fenced up by 
Cap Nathanil Hill and sons is great damage to the Inhabitcnc there for their 



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HISTORY OF DURHAM 225 

hailing of timber wood and fencing which we hope your Worships will consider 
the matter and do his Majesties subjects Justice in that affair. 

Solomon Davis Thomas Davis 

David Kincaid Moses Davis 

Joshua Davis 

John Tasker Abraham Clark 

Edward Pomry Thomas Drew 

James Clark William Drew 

Tomas Drew Eli Clark 

Clement Drew Samuel Davis 

Joseph Jenkens Peter Mason 

Joseph Smalle William Pitman 

Benjamin Smalle Daniel Davis 

Joseph Davis • 



Stephen Jones Timothy Davis 

James Davis Joseph Jenkins 

Joseph Hicks Nathaniel Randel 

Daniel Meserve Thomas Leighton 

Nichlos Meader Jeams Basford 

Gorg Chcsle James Davis 

Elias Critchett Benj» Thomas 

Job Renells John Smith. 

The matter was considered in court and the following deposi- 
tions are filed in connection with the case. 

The Deposition of Moses Davis Testifieth & saith that Nathaniel Hill or 
p'sons by his order hath fenced up the high way that Leads frorri Oyster 
River falls unto y= freshet by Edward Smalls and also the Landing Place at 
Oyster River falls by Gcorg Chesles fence and have also in croch upon the 
thorow fair Rhod that Leads to Cochecho & hath maintained the fence from 
the first of march last past unto the 2 day of June 17 19, and Daniel Davis 
Testifieth to all that is above writen. Sworne in Courte June 2d 1719. 

Theodore Atkinson, Clerk. 

The Deposition of John Williams Testifieth and sayeth that for thirty years 
and upwards that he was a Long with Bartholomew Stevenson that Capt 
Peter Coffen came a Long by and told y afores<i Stevenson y' h-^ must not 
fence in that way for it was a Loud for a high way: which way was upon y» 
north side of oyster River falls from y falls near y freshett and so by Edward 
Smalls. [Sworn in Court in the same action. No date. See Court Files, 
No. 17372.] 

This indicates that the old cellar above mentioned, where 
Mr. Ballard is said to have built a house, marks the former abode 
of Edward Small, and that the road along the north side of the 
mill-pond antedated by several years the road now known as the 
Mill Road. 






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HISTORY OF DURHAM 225 

The continuation of the Mill Road toward the west is men- 
tioned in the records of a town meeting held 28 May 1718: 

"Hoginning at the End of Highway formerly laid out to Chesleys mill on 
the south side of s^ River, the way to be foucr Rods wide along the old way 
Leaving Moses Davis Jun' his forty acre Lott on the south & Bartholomew 
Staveson his ten acre Lott on the North & so along the Comons Leving 
Daniel Missarve his Thirty acre Lott on the Northwest and so on the Comons 
Leving Moses Davis sen' his four score acre Lott and Thomas Stephsons Three 
score acre Lot on the west and so on the comons to William folletts hundred 
acre Lott at Maharamuts Marsh, to two Trees marked H fower Rods Distance. 
This way Laid out by us the thurtcenth Day of June 1719." Signed by James 
Davis and Thomas Tibbctts. 

This road is still traveled. At its end lived, a century ago, 
on the north side, Lieut. David Wiggin, and his old house is still 
standing. The family burial place, surrounded with an iron 
railing, is a little west of the house. The Stevenson family, on 
the south side of the road, long ago disappeared, and their only 
remembrancer is a lonely graveyard in the eastern part of a large 
field. Milliard F. F'ogg owns and lives on this old Stevenson 
farm. 

Turning to the south at the end of the road above described 
one soon passes the Griffiths burial ground and comes to the 
beautiful residence of the Griffiths brothers, with shaded and 
well-kept lawn and broad, fertile acres of Moharimet's Marsh, 
which stretches away into Croxford's swamp. 

March 18, 1689. 

Then laid out at the head of William Beards Creek a Certaine percell of 
Land there on the west side of the Creeke for the Conucnicnce of a landing 
place and high wayes; the bounds of the said land and high wayes as followeth : 

At the Creeke 8 rods wide & from thence following North & by West unto 
the North side of John Woodmans land North Nor west unto the King his 
high waye & from the head of the said Woodman his land ffourty hkIs North 
east unto a Certaine p'cell of Rocks there, where wee have appointed & Laid 
out two high wayes of 4 rods wide, and Runs ouer the Brooke neare North 
west & then north north east & by east unto the high waye unto Newtowne: 
and from the afore said Rocks AnothiT high wave runs North west & by North 
on the North side of the aforesaid John Woodman his land into the Commons, 

These landing places and high wayes were laid out by virtue of an order 
from the townsmen bearing date Sept. 24, 1688, 

By us — John Woodman 

J.AMES HlCKIXS. 

The al)ove named landing place was sold, by vote of the town, 
to Jonathan Woodman in 1779. 

15 



226 



HISTORY OF DURHAM 



The landing place at the Falls, though in use from the time of 
the erection of the first mill there, about 1650, was formally laid 
out by vote of the town taken 27 October 1701. A portion of 
the report of the committee has been given on page 71. Begin- 
ning where that leaves off the report reads, "and alsoe the mast 
path is laid out fower Rods in bredth as ye sd path now lyeth or 
Leadeth from ye sd Landing place to the outmost of our Towne 
bounds for a publick Heywaie. Wee have alsoe Laid out a high- 







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The Road to Bagdad 
(Not far from Beard's Landing.) 



way from ye Chesley mill at Oyster Riuer to the mast path to 
be fower Rods in bredth a Long as ye path now Ledeth from sd 
mill to ye mast path as may appear by fower trees markt H and 
standing at ye fower Corners of ye said way." Laid out 14 June 

1703- 

Another road was laid out the same year, which is described 
as follows: 

We the subscribers hereof have laid out the highway from oyster bed to 
oyster Riuer, through the Country road to durty gutt by Abraham Clark his 
house, beginning at ye Usuall wadeing place att oyster bed at a Pine tree on 
the East and white oak on the West at 4 Rods distance markt H each of them, 
from thence North Easterly to the west side of ffollet his Rocky hill, aboue 
ffollet his barn, and then it Runes on the East side of the next Rocky hill by 



HISTORY OF DURHAM 227 

James Bunker his barn and from thence to the Cartway at the head of Bunker 
Creek and so a Long threw as the old way formerly Lay till it comes to a Rock 
at the southwest Corner of Nath Lamos his Land, from thence as it is markt 
till it comes to the bridge at Durty gutt, to lye 4 Rods wide Clear threw, and 
allso a highway from that leads from Ltt Dauis his house, beginning att a white 
oak marked H I B and 4 Rods in bredth a Long by the head of Joseph Bunker 
his land from thence to the King's thorrofair Road. 
Laid out this 9th of Aprill 1703 by us 

j no tuttle 
Jere Burnum 
James Dauis 

of the Comittee. 

Abraham Clark lived near the boundar}- line between Oyster 
River parish and Dover proper, now Madbury. The highway 
above described was a continuance of the road from Cochecho. 
After fording Oyster River to some point near the old church 
the path continued along the highway between the parsonage 
lot and that of William Williams, later of Stephen Jenkins, and 
so in a direct course through Long Marsh to Lamprey River, 
now Newmarket. This part of the road or path was discon- 
tinued long ago. The part of it north of the river is spoken of 
in a deed dated 3 October, 1720, from Joshua Davis to Amos 
Pinkham, as the road "leading from James Bunker's into ye 
main road that goes to Cochecho." 

WhEREAS we the subs«" hereof being chosen with others to be a Comitte 
to survaie and Lay out highwaies in the seueral parts of the ToAvne of douer 
for the Conueniency of the Inhabitants, and being desired by Lt. James Daues 
and Joseph Aleader to lay out a highway from the heads of their Lottes to 
the King his road, thoro fair Road according to a vote in generall Towne meet- 
ing, ye 27th October 1701, and being Apon the place or ground with John Ger- 
rish Esqr., one of his Maj'" Just^» of Peace, haue laid out as followeth Viz — 
from two stumps at or near the aforesaid Dauis and Meader their land at about 
fower Rods distance and to Rune about 12 Rods north westerly. Then turning 
moer westerly keeping the hey land till it comes to a hemlock tree in the nor- 
west Corner of Mathew Williams his forty acre grant, in the tenure of Joseph 
Smith, and so to the old path that leads to Abraham Clarks and so Clear Thoro 
to the king his thorofair Road as the way now goes, to be fower Rods wide. 
Given under our hands this 29th of October 1701. 

j no tuttle 
Will ffurber 
Tristram Heard 

of the Comille 
JONE Gerrish, Just. Pe. 



228 HISTORY OF DURHAM 

In response to a petition of James Langley, dated 25 July 1715, 
in which he states that Bartholomew Stevenson had penned him 
up to a way only eight feet wide or thereabout, a road was laid 
out from his house to the main road. 

Wee whose names are under Written being chosen by the Towne of doner 
with others to suruaie and Lay out high waie in the seuerall pts of the Towne 
and being desired of James Langley to Lay out a way of too Rod wide begin- 
ning at will Drews old possession joyning to the bond high way so running 
sow west and by west to a pine tree on the south East side of this highway 
and so keeping the two Rods in breadth to a little hill Leaueing the Spring 
Seuen Rods on the nor west side of the highway, keeping the same breadth 
south southwest to the highway that goeth from Willeyes Creek to Oyster 
Riuer falls to a white oke markt H. L S. and william drews wood lott on the 
south east of this highway. 

James Davis 
Jeremiah burnum 

Recorded may ye 28, 17 16 Thomas Tebbets 

This old road over the "little hill" can now be easily traced, 
though its course has been changed toward the west, to avoid 
the hill. William Drew's house and wood lot are mentioned, 
though he had been dead forty-six years. There was an old 
landing on Giles' Creek, that was connected with this road, as 
shown by a deposition made about 1710 by "Bat Stimson," 
[Bartholomew Stevenson], aged about 50, that "there is a land- 
ing place laid out against Thomas Drew's dore on ye south side of 
Mathew Goyles [Giles'] Creek and buts against the waye that goes 
to Oyster River falls, and Thomas Pitman have got a marked 
tree in his possession as the waye was laid out." [Court Files, 
17372.] 

Here is the Long Marsh Road: 

It is the request of thirty eight of the Inhabetance of the Parrish of oyster 
Riuer to haue a high way of three Rods to bee Laid out from a highway that 
Leads to willeys Creek to ye Kings Thorowfare Road that Leads to Lampereel 
Riuer and it is laid out as followeth, beginning att the hed of the Lane att a 
Place Called Team hill and so along between fransis Matheus Twelue Acre 
Lot and the Lott hee bought of John Wille and ouer the South Corner of Math- 
eus his Seauenteen acor Lott and ouer the north Corner of the Poynt wood 
Lott and soe along whear the Path now goes and on the north East side of a 
grate Rock and soe on the north side of John Willeys indwelling hous and so 
Down to the Long marsh and over the Marsh to the highway that Leads from 
oyster Riuer falls to Lamperell Riuer Bridg. This highway Laid out and 
bounded the 22 Day of February 1720/21 by us, 

Thomas Tebbets 
John Smith 
fransis Mathues. 



HISTORY OF DURHAM 229 

At a General Session of the Peace, 6 March, 1710/11, com- 
plaint having been made about the want of roads from town to 
town, a committee was appointed in each town to run such roads 
as they thought necessary, laying them out four rods wide. The 
Dover committee consisted of Capt. Tuttle, Capt. James Davis 
and Joseph Jones. The laying out of the road through Durham 
was as follows: 

From Lampereal River as Strait as it may be to the old Bridge by ye Moat 
so as ye way goes to Graves [William Graves] his Land thence to the falls, to 
make the whole four rods wide, and there ye way is to open on ye Left at Stim- 
sons [Bartholomew Stevenson's ?] and at Robert Huggins [Huckins] his house. 
So at Wm Jacksons pasture to ye head of Jacksons Creek Strait as ye old Road 
went then Joseph Jenkins to open on ye Left & all others to make ye way four 
Rods wide to Fields Garrison. 

At the last point it entered the Back River Road to Cochecho. 
[N. H. Town Papers, XI, 539.] 

June 9, 1738, a road was laid out from the highway at New- 
town saw mill, on the south side of Oyster River, in a south- 
west direction by the land of John Sias, following the old way to 
Solomon Sias' land, and so on to the mast road that leads from 
Little River. [See Town Records, Vol. I, p. 21.] This mill was 
afterward known as Layn's Mill. It is in Lee. 

Aug. 10, 1745: 

Then laid out a high way from a picked Rock by Thomas Willeys new house 
where he now dwelleth and from thence on a straight Course to James bun- 
kers northwest Corner bound of his twenty five acrees, it being a great oak 
Stump, then East & by north forty Rods to said bunkers north bound then near 
north East to the Maple brook so called, this high way to be on the north side 
of the above sd Courses three Rods wide tell it Comes against the Rock first 
mentioned, laid out by us, 

Dan'- Smith Select 
John Williams men. 

Here is a road in the western part of the town : 

A highway laid out on the Common Land from a place called Camsey [Camp- 
sie], from the head of Mr. Robert Tomsons fence to Mr. William Drews and 
So to the River be Low Deans mash and from thence to the head of the Town, 
by a partition [petition] under their hands directed to us, the present Select- 
men for said town, and by their request we have laid out the way and bounded 
it as followeth, beginning on the north side of the Mast Road on the south or 
west corner of Mr. Robert Tomsons fence called Camsey and from that fence 
is bounded by the Spoted Trees as they now standeth Runing westerly four 
Rods from Joseph Jones barn then by the spoted trees so between Mr. Wil- 



230 HISTORY OF DURHAM 

Ham Drews and Ely Clarks house. Then by the spoted trees to Newtown 
River below Deans mash and then by the Spoted trees Runing near Richard 
Glovers House and then by the spoted Trees to a way called Willes way so 
as that way leads to the head of the Town being fouer Rods wide; Laid out 
and bounded by us the present Selectmen this 29 day of January in the year: 
1733/4- [Signed by Joseph Jones, John Williams and John Woodman as 
Selectmen.] 

Dean's Marsh, doubtless, took its name from the John Dean 
who was the first one killed in the massacre of 1694, and "the 
place called Camsey" is explained in connection with the Kin- 
caid family. 

The road known as the Wine Cellar Road was laid out as fol- 
lows: 

By and at the Request of sundry of the inhabitants of the town of Durham 
we have laid out a high way from Luberland to the Kings Rode between Rich- 
ard Denbos field and John Buss Jun^. We began at a great Rock between 
John Smiths house and John Does marsh & from thence by said Does marsh 
and so between Jos Whelers land & John Smith Jun' land to Tho" Langles 
land & from thence to the wine selers & so along on the sow west of Joseph 
Edgerleys land and so along on the N Est side of John Willes Jun' house to 
the Rode between John Burnum fence and the s^ Willes land to a great rock 
marked H and from thence by John Buses fence to the Countrey Rode this 
Rode is three Rods wide from the last Rock marked H the other part from — ■ — 
town to luberland is laid out four Rods in wedth all along s'' Rode. Laid out 
and bounded by us this 16 day of March 1735/6. [Signed by Jonathan Thom- 
son, John Woodman and Samuel Smith, Selectmen.] 

In company with Dea. W. S. JVIeserve I rode over this road in 
April 1913, and probably no wheeled vehicle will ever go over it 
again. The carriage as well as the lives of the horse and riders 
should be well insured before making the attempt. Such de- 
clivities and superabundance of ledge and boulders make us won- 
der how any selectmen ever dared to lay out a road there; but 
the people living at Lubberland wanted a shorter route to the 
meeting house at the Falls. The road started near the house of 
the late Valentine Smith and from there to the Back Road, 
through Horn's Woods, it is known by the name of Simon's Lane, 
most likely from Joseph Simons, who, 8 February 1727/8, mar- 
ried Elizabeth, daughter of Elder James Nock, who lived in this 
vicinity. Perhaps it is the lane through which Joseph walked 
to woo Elizabeth, for we may well believe that this road was 
used as a bridle path some years before it was "laid out." After 
reaching the Back Road it followed that easterly for perhaps 
twenty rods; then it struck through the woods and rocks again 



HISTORY OF DURHAM 23 1 

to the Long Marsh Road and followed that, as it formerly ran, 
to the Newmarket Road near Denbo's Brook, or Horsehide 
Brook, as it is now sometimes called. John Buss seems to have 
been living here, perhaps on the ten acres of ministerial marsh 
land granted long before by the town and concerning which there 
was a law suit between the Rev. Hugh Adams and the Rev. Mr. 
Gilman. Most of this old road was long ago abandoned. Only 
Mr. Patrick Connor lives on it now, without whose kindly as- 
sistance we would hardly ha\e gotten through alive. He dis- 
owns all relationship to the Timothy and James Conner who 
were from Ireland and residents of Durham about the time of 
its incorporation. 

There is a huge overhanging boulder along this abandoned 
road, that according to tradition was the sheltering place of wine 
in the old days, and hence the name of the Wine Cellar Road, 
but notice that in the return of the road, given above, the phrase 
is "wine selers." Were there those who sold w^ine living there? 
The names in the return of the road indicate owners of land 
along the way rather than residents, for there is hardly room be- 
tween the rocks for more than one family to live. 

The northerly end of this road seems to be further described 
in a highway granted 20 May 1727 and laid out 15 June 1734. 
It was granted to John Willey, Jr., " from His House to y® Contre 
Rode between John Buss and Richard Denmor [s] Field," a road 
three rods wide, " by s*^ Willeys House and From thence to a grat 
Rock marked H on y^ west Side of said way which is called John 
Buss Corner Bound next to s*^ Willeys House so from s*^ Rock 
Bounded between John Buss and Richard Denmor to ye" Contre 
Rode." 

At the request of several of the inhabitants of the town of Durham that we 

the subscribers should lay out a highway for the Privilcdg of the town above 

said from the Kings highway tq the Salt water and for a Priviledg to Pass to 

the meeting house at the falls in sd town and according to their Request we 

have laid it out Beginning at the East Side of the Kings high way on the South 

Side of the Bridge at Oyster River falls in sd town sow Running by the Kings 

high way to the Land of Daniel Rogers where he now lives and then Running 

Partly by sd Daniel Rogers Land and Partly by the Land of Mr. Hugh Adams 

down to the salt River and bounded by the River up to said bridge a high way 

laid out and bounded by us for the Benefit of the Town. 

Joseph Atkinson 1 <;■ , , 

The 14 Day of March 1742/3. Ephraim Davis \ 

•^ ~ men. 

Ebenezrr Smith 



232 HISTORY OF DURHAM 

This highway ran around the old meeting house. Some claimed 
about this time that the house of Dr. Samuel Adams, now called 
the Sullivan house, stood partly on land belonging to the town 
landing, and a committee was appointed to investigate the mat- 
ter. No report has been found. June 29, 1744, an article in 
the town warrant was to see if the town will build a bridge over 
the falls "where the old bridge now standeth also what man- 
ner of bridge whether a cart Bridge or a horse bridge and what 
breadth the bridge shall be built." It was voted to build a cart 
bridge fifteen feet wide. It is probable that the old one, — how 
old can not now be said, — was a horse bridge for the accommoda- 
tion of those riding horseback and very narrow. 

October 12, 1737, John Woodman and Samuel Smith, select- 
men, "Capt. Francis Mathes being present and assisted in Lay- 
ing out this High way But deceased before Sinning" [signing], 
laid out a road as follows: 

We began at Wensday Brook the said Road is three Rods wide Running 
by Nathaniel Meaders Land so along by a great Hill and then it Runeth over 
the South Side of Said Hill to a gutter between Thomas Stevensons Land and 
Thomas Footmans Land so Running between said lots till it Comes to the 
Turn and then Runing between Meaders and Smiths Land till it comes to 
Joshua Woodmans Land." [See Town Book, Vol. I, p. 40.] 

April 4, 1752, Samuel Smith, Joseph Wheeler, and Joseph 
Thomas, Selectmen, laid out a road two rods wide, beginning 
"at Moses Davises fence seventy nine Rods from Lent Joneses 
fence so caled near folets Swamp at the head of John Woodmans 
land next to or near Jonathan Mouses [Munsey's] land and from 
thence it Runs west north west seventeen Rods to or near a stone, 
then it Runs near north to sd Moses Davises Land, this high way 
laid out at his Request and for his use for ever." [Town Book, 
Vol. I, p. 33-] 

April 9, 1753, Joseph Wheeler and Joseph Thomas, selectmen, 
laid out "a small peice of Land for a high way," "beginning at 
the sd Rode or high way that leads from ye Point to sd Oyster 
River falls at where Joseph Wheler joins to sd Rode or high way 
and Running bounding on sd last mentioned high way untell it 
comes to the above sd high way that leads from sd Oyster River 
falls to Lampereel River falls then Running by sd last mentioned 
highway to land in possession of Ichabod Chesle then Running 
by sd Chesles possession to land in possession of Joseph Wheler 



HISTORY OF DURHAM 233 

then by sd Whelers possession to where we bagan, to be an open 
highway for the use of the town forever." This seems to be the 
piece of land in front of the old pound, at the intersection of the 
roads coming from the Point and from Newmarket. [Town 
Book, Vol. I, p. 36.] 

On petition of Miles Randall and others the Court of General 
Sessions of the peace ordered a highway to be laid out in Durham, 
which was done 20 July 1763, beginning at the "northwest cor- 
ner of Joshua Woodman's land by Col. Smith's land and run- 
ning by land of John Langley to Lampereel River where the 
bridge formerly stood, over said river to land of Stephen Pen- 
dergast, then past Samuel Joy's land to David Davis's land, 
thence to Major Thomas Tash's land, thence to land lately John 
Smart's, to pisscassick mill priviledge, then over the bridge to 
the dividing line between Newmarket and Durham." [Town 
Book, Vol. I, pp. 57, 58.] 

March 4, 1765, a road two rods wide was laid out from Joseph 
Stevens' land on the east side of Johnson's Creek unto Dover 
line, bounded on the southeast by land of Nathaniel Lammos. 

March 13, 1758, a road was laid out from Wadley's mill pond 
in Lampereel River to Little River, in what is now Lee. Men- 
tion is made of lands of John Durgin, Joseph Durgin, Edward 
Woodman and Ebenezer Smith. 

At the General Court convened 11 February 1768, there was 
a petition for a highway two rods wide from Lamprey River 
bridge to the road leading from Durham Point to Durham Falls. 
Lands of the following parties are mentioned along the route 
proposed, Joseph Ham, Walter Bryant, Esq., Abraham Bennet, 
Samuel Smith, Joseph Chesley, heirs of Ebenezer Smith, Esq., 
deceased, John Smith, Thomas Stevenson, Joseph Footman, 
Dependance Bickford, John Durgin, Heirs of Ebenezer Smith, 
to Mathes Creek, so called, near the mill, and over the creek 
between lands of the Hon. Peter Livius, Esq., and John Kent, 
John and Joseph Drew, to road leading from Durham Point to 
the Falls. This petition was signed by David Davis, Moses 
Edgerly, Jr., Trueworthy Durgin, Jr., Stephen Wille, Jr., 
Nathaniel Norton, George Bickford, Valentine Mathes, John 
Mead, Ede Hall Burgin, Zebulon Doe, Jr., Jonathan Doe, Ed- 
ward Smith, Bradstreet Doc, James Cram, Thomas Stevenson, 
Joseph Drew, John Drew, Joseph Wormwood, Jr., Dependance 



234 HISTORY OF DURHAM 

Bickford, Francis Mathes, John Edgerly, John Smith, George 
Tuttel, Timothy Murray, and John Mundro. March 7, 1768, 
Capt. Thomas Chesley was appointed agent for the town to an- 
swer this petition. This road, or path, must have been in use 
for more than a century. It is a hard, rough road now, much 
of the way, and it would impoverish the town to fit it for auto- 
mobiles. 

March 24, 1752, a road was laid out from a small pitch pine 
bush on the north side of the way or path by the Spruce hole, 




Spruce Hole 
Near boundary of Lee, 100 feet deep, five acres. 

running south southwest to the pitch of the hill by James Hall's 
house, thence to Jethro Furber's land, thence as the way now 
goes to John Davis' grist mill, then crossing the Little River 
about two rods above said mill it runs southwest and by south 
to Samuel Chesley's line and then on Chesley's and Smith's lines. 
Laid out. by Joseph Thomas, Samuel Smith and Joseph Wheeler, 
Selectmen. 

March 15, 1771, Ebenezer Thompson and John Smith, Select- 
men, laid out a road at the request of Joseph Stevens, 

leading from said Joseph Stevens Pasture to the highway near Chesleys Grist 
Mill in Durham as follows, Viz., Beginning at said Stevens Pasture at a saplin 
pine markt I on three sides standing on land of Francis Mathes thence through 
said Mathes land North nine degrees East Eleven Rods to land in Possession 



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236 HISTORY OF DURHAM 

of George Chesley, Thence North Forty one degrees East Eleven Rods thence 
North forty four degrees East Twenty Rods thence North Eleven degrees 
East Eight Rods to a heap of stones, the highway laying on the Eastern side 
of the aforesaid lines and from thence to the aforesaid highway to Chesleys 
mill as the fence now stands between the aforesaid George Chesleys land and 
land in Possession of the heirs of Edward Small Deceased, said fence to be 
accounted the middle of the highway and the highway to be Two Rods wide 
the whole length. Said highway being laid out as near as can be ascertained 
where a highway was formerly laid out and a return thereof entered on Dover 
Town Book of Records Leading from Chesleys mill to Second Falls on Lam- 
pray River." [Town Book, Vol. I, p. 532.] 

A petition, dated 23 November 1791, and signed by certain 
inhabitants of New Hampshire, was addressed to the General 
Court, asking for a road from Concord to Durham. The peti- 
tion represents that the roads from the sea coast inland are 




Relics of Pascataqua Bridge 

crooked and indirect and that the trade would be greatly facili- 
tated by straightening the same; that a road can be built from 
Durham Falls to Concord in thirty miles, and will save to the 
consumer the expense of forty-five miles of carriage, all of which 
has been demonstrated by survey and plans already drawn. The 
General Court appointed a committee, 10 December 1791, with 
full powers to survey and establish a road from Concord to Dur- 
ham Falls and to Newmarket Bridge. This first New Hamp- 
shire Turnpike was followed by fifty-two more in the state before 
the year 1812. After a time most of them failed to yield revenues 
and their charters were surrendered. Others were dissolved 
under a legislative act of 1838, which gave the towns the right 
to convert a turnpike into a highway upon appraisal and pay- 
ment of damages. 

In the laying out of this Turnpike mention is make that it 
"joins the now road at the end of a causeway near John Thomp- 
sons" and goes on to "the road leading to the Lee meeting house, 
thence leaving Lee road." Damages were allowed to Jonathan 
Warner, Col. Stephen Evans and John Thompson. The report 



HISTORY OF DURHAM 



237 



was signed 16 June 1792, and accepted by Cicncral Court 21 
June of the same year. 

This Turnpike was continued on the north side of the river, 
to Meader's Neck, after the construction of Pascataqua bridge 
in 1794. This bridge was 2,362 feet long and 38 feet wide, built 
from Fox Point in Newington to Rock Island, thence to Goat 
Island by an arch of 240 feet, thence to Meader's Neck or Tickle 
Point, where there was a toll gate. The architect was Timothy 




Boston «;\: .M.mne Railroad Station, l)rKiiAM 
Erected 191 1 

Palmer of Newburyport, Mass. There was a draw for the pas- 
sage of vessels. A sketch of it was made by Robert Gilmor of 
Baltimore in 1797. The Original cost of this bridge was $65,- 
947.34 and it was sold half a century later for $2,000. It gave 
way in 1830 and again in 1854, and 600 feet of it, on the New- 
ington side, was carried away by ice, 18 February 1855. It was 
not rebuilt. The construction of the railroad turned the course 
of travel. The vicinity of the Durham terminus is still known 
as Pascataqua Bridge, and the school district here is known by 
the same name. For more minute description of this bridge see 
Miss Thompson's Landmarks in .Ancient Dover. 



238 HISTORY OF DURHAM 

As early as 1792 a stage was run through Durham to Boston 
from Dover but was discontinued through lack of patronage. 
Twenty years later two lines of stage were started from Dover 
to Boston, one running by the way of Haverhill and the other 
through Newbury port. They continued to run till 1841, when 
the Boston and Maine Railroad Company opened its line from 
Exeter to Dover. 

The road from the Falls to Madbury formerly led around 
through Bagdad, where Dea. W. S. Meserve now lives. It was 
straightened early in the nineteenth century, so as to pass di- 
rectly by the Judge Thompson house. March 12, 181 1, it was 
voted in town meeting that the selectmen let the building of this 
road to the lowest bidder, although for two years the building of 
it had been opposed. 

The ferries from Fox Point in Newington to Meader's Neck 
and to Oyster River Point, the latter called Bickford's Ferry, 
Furber's Ferry from Furber's Point in Newington to Mathes 
Neck and to Durgin's farm on the west side of the mouth of Crom- 
mett's Creek, the ferry across Lamprey River, etc., have been 
repeatedly and sufficiently mentioned in this book and in the 
Landmarks in Ancient Dover. 



BURIAL PLACES 

The oldest graveyard of which we have any knowledge w^as 
near the meeting house, built in 1656, on the south side of Oyster 
River, in the vicinity of the oyster bed. The site was sold with the 
parsonage lands to Daniel and Robert Mathes, 13 April 1837, and 
no reservation of the burial ground was made. All traces of the 
old meeting house, the parsonage and the graveyard have dis- 
appeared, except that near the river may be seen some flat, 
oblong pieces of rough granite, scattered about, that may have 
marked the resting places of some of the first settlers in this 
vicinity. It is believed that careful investigation, with the use 
of the spade, would reveal this earliest cemetery. 

Only a few families, however, availed themselves of this 
resting place for their dead. On nearly every original farm may 
be found a sacred spot, marked with granite, unlettered stones 
and low mounds. The new owners of the old farms have some- 
times respected such spots, and sometimes they have not. The 
dead were buried near the garrisons or private houses, where 
the graves of loved ones could be seen and cared for every day. 
Nobody knew how to polish and chisel granite, and slate head- 
stones were expensive and hard to be obtained at any price. 
A mound and two roughly split stones were the usual memorials, 
and doubtless, while relatives survived, flowers grew and faded 
on those little mounds. Even to this day new residents some- 
times place a handful of flowers upon graves of the unknown. 
Ought not the many prosperous descendants of the first settlers 
to fence and properly mark the resting places of their ancestors? 
This has been well done in several instances. 

On the north side of Oyster River, and near its mouth, several 
generations of the Meader family li\'cd, died and were buried, 
on land now owned by Edward L. Emerson. Other portions of 
the Meader farm are owned by Elisha R. Brown, Stephen P. 
Chesley and others. Tradition says that six or seven persons 
from Durham Point, on their way to the boat from a religious 
meeting held at the garrison house of Col. James Davis, were 
waylaid and slain by Indians on the Meader land, just below 

239 



240 HISTORY OF DURHAM 

Davis' Creek. Their bodies were discovered a few days later 
and buried where they lay. Their graves can still be pointed out. 

On the other side of the Turnpike road, on the Odiorne farm, 
now owned by David W. Watson, are the graves of the Odiorne 
family. 

On the Emerson farm, a little further up the river, are the 
graves of the early Knight family. 

Above Davis' Creek, in the field overlooked by the site of the 
garrison, were buried the families of Ensign John Davis and of 
his distinguished son, Col. James Davis. 

Still further up the river are the graves of Joseph Smith and 
many descendants. His headstone states that he was the first 
European to till the soil where he is buried. This burial lot has 
a split stone wall around it, and the present owner of the farm, 
Forrest S. Smith, keeps the place in admirable condition. Near 
by are the graves of Col. Gilmore's family. 

Crossing Bunker's Creek we see the remains of the old Bunker 
garrison, on the hill north of the highway. Near by is the house 
sold by Fred M. Bunker to Clarence Fowler a few years ago, 
near which are some of the Bunker graves, but the oldest Bunker 
graves are in the field across the highway and near the river. 
The field is now owned by Mrs. Joseph Smith. Here were buried 
James Bunker, the emigrant, Benjamin Bunker who took part 
in the siege of Louisburg, and others. 

On the farm owned by Clarence Fowler, across the road from 
his house, are the graves of some of the Twombly family, once 
resident on this farm. 

There are Ransom graves on the farm of Friend Pinkham. 

Passing up the highway, or Turnpike as it is called, and crossing 
Jones' Creek we come to the land first owned by Stephen Jones 
about 1663. Down to the present generation the Jones family 
have been buried on a high knoll, in sight from the Turnpike. 
'A massive stone wall has been built around a spacious burial 
lot. It ought to stand for centuries. It is the best built burial 
enclosure to be found in this section of the country. 

On the south side of the Turnpike is the farm of the late 
John T. Emerson, at one time owned by the Leathers family. 
Near the river is the Emerson tomb. On another farm near by, 
owned by the heirs of the late George P. Emerson, are more 
Emerson graves. 



HISTORY OF DURHAM 24 1 

On the north side of the Turnpike, west of the Jones farm, on 
land now owned by the heirs of the late William P. Ffrost, 
formerly the town farm, and before that owned by the Chesley 
family, is the old Chesley burial place, where PhiUp Chesley, 
the emigrant. Col. Samuel Chesley and many others of the Chesley 
family were buried. A later Chesley burial ground is fenced 
about in the open field. Near by, on land owned by Samuel 
Kidder, are Foss graves. 

On the George B. Palmer farm, formerly the Jackson farm, 
are Jackson graves, which were near the barn, but not visible 
at the present time, as the plow has removed all traces of the 
graves within a few years. 

Near the point of intersection of the Dover road with the 
Turnpike road is the Coe burial lot, where Joseph Coe, ship- 
builder, son of the Rev. Curtis Coe, is buried. 

Passing over the creek near the Coe farm we come to the farm 
of the late Dea. Albert Young, and here are buried his father's 
family and also his Chesley ancestors, descendants of George 
Chesley. Here also lies Charles S. Davis, a soldier of the Civil 
War, the father of Walter S. Davis, who lives in this neighbor- 
hood. There are gravies on the land owned by the heirs of the 
late Samuel Runlett. 

Durham has no public cemetery. The nearest approach to 
it is the graveyard near the \illage school house. March 24, 
1796, Jonathan W^oodman, Jr., of Durham sold one acre of 
land near Durham Falls "for the sole and exclusive use and 
purpose of a burying place of them and their several posterities 
forever to Ebenezer Smith, Jonathan Steele and Ebenezer Thomp- 
son Jun'', cscjuires, Joseph Richardson, James Durgin and Jacob 
Woodman, gentlemen, John Blydenburgh, Benjamin Thomp- 
son, Robert Lapish and William Ballard, traders, John Angier, 
physician, Noah Jewett, joiner, James Leighton, tailor, Joshua 
Ballard, hatter, John Stevenson, cordwainer, Curtis Coe, clerk, 
Thomas Pinkham, hatter, Samuel Yeaton, Cooper, and John 
Langley, blacksmith, all of Durham." There is little space left 
in this graveyard for burials. The Rev. Federal Burt and wife 
arc buried here, also Dea. Abraham Perkins and wife, and 
families of men above mentioned. 

The New Hampshire College has a residence for its president, 
built upon the site of a former house erected by Lieut. Benjamin 
If) 



242 HISTORY OF DURHAM 

Chesley, born 24 January 1743. He is buried across the Turn- 
pike in the field that the College bought of the heirs of the late 
John McDaniel. On the college farm, on land formerly owned 
by John W. Emerson, are more graves. 

Near the village on the Mill Road, lie the bodies of Moses 
Davis and his son, killed by Indians, 10 June 1724. His negro 
slave avenged his death by killing one of the leaders, a son of 
Baron de St. Castine. Love Davis, daughter of Moses, in view 
of the slave's fidelity gave orders that he should be buried at 
her feet. This was done and their graves may still be pointed out. 
Further from the village, on same farm, were buried the parents 
of Love Davis and there is a stone marked "Aaron." 

Near the residence of Lucien Thompson is the Thompson 
burial ground, where are buried many generation, including 
John Thompson, Sr., Robert aad Judge Ebenezer. 

On the next farm are buried Capt. John Woodman, builder 
of the old Woodman garrison, as w^ell as his descendant, John 
Smith Woodman, a noted professor at Dartmouth College. 
This burial place, often called the Indian burying ground, per- 
haps because it was once used by the Indians as a place of bury- 
ing their dead, is cared for by a trust fund held by the town of 
Durham. The W^oodman monument is a conspicuous object. 

Near the Woodman garrison was the Huckins garrison, and 
in sight, August, 1689, eighteen persons were massacred by the 
Indians. 

On the college farm, hear the railroad station, on land bought 
of J. W. E. Thompson, are graves of the early Hill family. They 
are unmarked, on the brow of the hill, among the oak trees 
close to the road. Close by, on land formerly owned by a 
daughter of Timothy Hussey, are some graves of the Joseph 
White family. North of the road and westerly of the college 
farm, on land owned by Miss Martha A. Stevens, are Stevens 
graves. Among those buried here are two of her brothers, who 
served as soldiers in the Civil War, Samuel Stevens and James 
M. Stevens. 

In the rear of the George Mathes place is a burial ground, 
where Lemuel Woodman and family are buried. 

Not far from the Oyster River boundary line, in the woods, 
lies buried Eli Demeritt, the emigrant from the Isle of Jersey. 
Capt. Samuel Demeritt, his grandson, settled on land granted 



HISTORY OF DURHAM 243 

to his grandfather before 1700 and left parts of his homestead 
to his sons, Nathaniel and Israel. On each of these farms are 
Demeritt burial places. 

Close to the Madbury line, on the farm owned by Edward 
Pendexter, are the graves of the Pendexter and Joy families. 
On another part of the same farm are Marden graves. There 
are Woodman graves on the Moses G. Woodman farm. On 
land owned by Ira B. Hill are Indian graves mentioned 4th 
of 9th month, 1652, and also Chesley graves. Nearer Munsey's 
bridge, on land owned by the first Munsey of Durham, are 
graves of that family. 

On the farm owned by George G. Hoitt, formerly the farm of 
the late Demeritt McDaniel, is the McDaniel tomb, where are 
the remains of at least two generations of the McDaniel family. 

There is an old burial ground nearly opposite the residence of 
Leonard B. Bunker, on the Mast Road leading toward Lee, 
where are numerous graves, unmarked, belonging to the Thomp- 
son family. 

In this vicinity, over the line in Lee, is a large cemetery where 
many of the Durham people are buried. Passing by the resi- 
dence of George E. Chesley in Lee towards Packer's Falls, we 
go by the Corson place, where the Corsons are buried. Then 
we reach the David Wiggin place, and back from the road in 
the woods are W'iggin graves. 

Across the road, on the Milliard F. Fogg farm, are two burial 

places, one of which contains the remains of the Stevenson family. 

Next is the Griffiths farm, on which are the Meader and the 

Griffiths burial places. On the George Dame farm is the Dame 

place of sepulture. 

In this section are the burial place and tomb of the descendants 
of the late Dea. Samuel Hayes. In this tomb are also relatives 
by the names of Bennett and Young. The Hayes place is now 
owned by the Morse family, and the granddaughter of Dea. 
Hayes, Miss Alice Hayes of Cambridge, Mass., has filed with 
the town clerk a list of those whose bodies are in this tomb. 
A trust fund has been left to the town, the interest of which 
is to be used in caring for this burial place. 

On the farm owned by Albert Brown, formerly known as the 
Young place, are graves of the Young family. 



244 HISTORY OF DURHAM 

On the Pendergast garrison farm, now owned by John H. 
Scott, the Pendergast family lie buried. 

On the farm owned by H. H. Dame, formerly the Joseph R. 
Chesley place, are Chesley graves, and in this place George 
Chesley was killed by lightning, 12 June 1878. 

On the Joy farm, now owned by Mr. John Gooch, is the Joy 
cemetery, well cared for, in which are buried the Joy family, 
one of whom was Dea. Samuel Joy. Here also is the $3,000 
monument in memory of David F. Grififiths and his wife, Sarah 
E. Griffiths. Mrs. Griffiths gave a trust fund to the town to 
insure the care oi this monument. 

On the Eben M. Davis farm, near the Newmarket line, once 
stood the David Davis garrison, and on this farm four or five 
generations of the Davis family have lived and died and been 
buried. 

On the Daniel T. Woodman farm are three burial places, the 
oldest of which is the Pitman, then the Moses Wiggin, then the 
Woodman. There are graves on a farm in this vicinity owned by 
Joseph Bascom. 

On the farm now owned by Herbert Tuttle and formerly 
onwed by the Bennett family are the Bennett graves. Here 
lies Capt. Eleazer Bennett, who was one of the party that cap- 
tured the gunpowder at Fort William and Mary in December 
1774. On the George Dame place are graves of the Dame family. 

On the Ezra Parsons farm, formerly the Clough farm, are 
Clough graves. There are Bickford graves on the farm owned 
by Roscoe Otis. On the Newmarket road leading toward Dur- 
ham village, near the residence formerly of Lester Ladderbush, 
is the Mooney burial place, enclosed by a stone wall. Here are 
buried descendants of Col. Hercules Mooney. Cogans are buried 
on the Levi Davis farm, now owned by Frank E. Doe. 

In Lubberland, on the farm of Peter Smith, are Chesley graves, 
and the garrison built by Joseph Chesley about 1707 was located 
in this vicinity. 

On the farm owned by Frank Emerson, at Lubberland, are 
graves of the Drew family, among which is that of Nicholas 
Drew. On the old Smith farm are buried Judge Valentine 
Smith and his ancestors. 

On the farm owned by John B. G. Dame are the graves of 
the Dame family and also of the Bickford family, the remains 



HISTORY OF DURHAM 245 

of some of the Bickford family having been taken up near the 
residence of Hon. Jeremiah Langley and reinterred here. 

On the farm of Joseph M. R. Adams, formerly known as 
Mathes Neck, is the Adams tomb, where lie the remains of 
Rev. John Adams, known as " Reformation John Adams. " 

On the Eben Kent farm are buried eight generations of the 
descendants of Oliver Kent. On the next farm north, formerly 
that of Thomas Drew, lie buried Thomas and his wife, Tamsen, 
and many of their descendants, in the middle of the field, west 
of a little gully. 

On the Rollins farm, commonly called the Clark Mathes farm, 
are buried many of the Fernald family who once lived here. 

On the farm owned by James D. Meader are some old graves 
unmarked by headstones, whence some bodies of the Edgerly 
family were removed. 

At Durham Point, on the farm owned by Hon. Jeremiah 
Langley, down in the pasture back of an old Bickford cellar, are 
the graves of the Bickford family. 

The Mathes cemetery, at the Point, is the burial place of many 
generations of that family. It is well fenced and cared for. 
Near by is the mound where the family of Charles Adams, all 
massacred by the Indians in 1694, are buried. 

The graves of "Deacon Langley and Mary his godly wife," 
as the record of the Rev. Hugh Adams has it, are said to be on 
the old Langley farm, earlier that of William Drew. On the 
Stevenson place, next west, and in the middle of a field are 
indications of early graves. 

On the Clarence Smart farm, once owned by Abijah Pink- 
ham, at least a part of it, is a burial place overgrown with bushes. 
The marble headstones have all fallen, but the inscriptions can 
be read. Here lie the remains of Abijah Pinkham and some of 
his family. This is about ^half way between the Falls and the 
Point, and not far from the road. 

The Burnham cemetery is situated in the field of the old 
Burnham farm, between the river and the hill on which the 
garrison of Ambrose Gibbons was built. It is well fenced. There 
are a dozen graves with granite headstones. Here also are buried 
Samuel Pickering, who died 15 July 1856, aged 55, and Simeon 
Pickering, who died 1854, aged 80 years, 3 months. 

On the hill back of the Sullivan house is an old burial place, 



246 HISTORY OF DURHAM 

which has recently been cleared up and well walled. The oldest 
inscription here is that of Phebe Adams, wife of Dr. Samuel 
Adams, showing simply that she died in 1743. A row of low 
mounds indicates that probably her husband and his father 
and mother, the Rev. Hugh Adams and wife, Susannah, are 
buried here. They ought to have suitable memorial stones, for 
in spite of his eccentricities the Rev. Hugh Adams and his son, 
Dr. Samuel, did many good deeds for Durham. This place 
is also honored as the resting place of Maj. Gen. John Sullivan 
and family, and Judge Jonathan Steele. 

A few rods distant is the Simpson graveyard, where the old 
sea captain and his wife lie buried, who left their property of 
$18,000 to the church in Durham and the Durham Library Asso- 
ciation, and a small legacy to the town, the interest of which is 
to be used in caring for these graves. 

The Lapish family and the Drew family are buried on the 
farm now owned by the Ffrost family. Here in an unmarked 
grave lies the body of James Britton, a soldier in the Civil War 
in both army and navy. Close by are many rough granite 
headstones that indicate the graves of early members of the 
Smith family, for James Smith and his descendants owned this 
farm many years. 

Above the tidal part of the river, on a sightly knoll, lies buried 
the late Hamilton Smith, Durham's only millionaire. His 
widow erected a costly stone chapel, in which services a.re some- 
times conducted in memory of him and his wife, for whom the 
citizens of Durham had the greatest respect. 

On the Olinthus Doe farm, near the moat, now owned by the 
town of Durham are at least four generations of the Doe family. 

On the Leonard Bunker farm, on the Mast Road, are the 
graves of Ichabod Chesley's family. On the Coe place, between 
the turnpike and Bucks hill, in the pasture, are probably the 
graves of Jonathan Chesley's family, as he owned this place, 
and there are graves of the family of Ezekiel Leathers. 

On the Walker farm, close to Beech hill, owned by the late 
Albert DeMeritt, are the graves of the family of Joshua Chesley. 

Near the Huckins graves, on the farm of Dea. W. S. Meserve, 
are buried four generations of Capt, Samuel Emerson's family. 
In another spot on same farm are the graves of four slaves. 

Money has been bequeathed to the town, only the interest of 



HISTORY OF DURHAM 247 

which can be used, to insure perpetual care of the Woodman, 
Simpson, Griffiths, Wilson, Furness, and Hayes cemeteries and 
graves. All families having ancestors buried in the town would 
show love and respect, if they would give or bequeath money 
to the town for a like purpose. 



SLAVERY 

The first African slaves in America were brought by Dutch 
ships in 1619 and sold to Virginian planters. At that time 
slavery was quite common in old England, and the American 
colonies followed the old custom. No law was necessary to 
legalize the traffic in slaves nor the custom of holding them. 
Slavery had been a concomitant of war from time immemorial. 
Hence Indians taken in war were held as slaves and sold into 
slavery. A large number of those captured in the sham fight 
at Dover, managed by Maj. William Waldron and Maj. Charles 
Frost, were sold as slaves in the West Indies. 

Slavery was not profitable in the northern states, and most of 
the slaves were house servants. In 1767 there were in Ports- 
mouth one hundred and twenty-four male and sixty-three female 
slaves, probably more than in any other part of New Hampshire. 
As early as 1649 William Hilton sold to George Carr an Indian 
slave named James, and the bill of sale is on record. In 1767 
there were 633 slaves in New Hampshire and in 1775 there 
were 657. The Revolution virtually put an end to slavery in 
the North. In 1790 the census shows only 158 in New Hamp- 
shire, and these were old servants held and maintained out of 
kindness, for in 1800 the census shows only eight in New Hamp- 
shire. In 1840 one is reported. Durham reported only three 
slaves in 1790, belonging to Samuel Burnham, Timothy Emerson 
and Stephen Jones. Lee and Madbury did not report any 
slaves, though there were free colored persons living there. No 
emancipation law was ever passed by New Hampshire, though 
an act in 1789 seems to show the intention of legislators to regard 
slavery as a dead letter. " 

Among the earliest slave owners at Oyster River was William 
Drew, in the administration of whose estate, 1669, mention is 
made of a man servant and a maid servant. The will of Nicholas 
Follett, 1700, mentions "my Negroe Man Caezer." 

The Re\^ Hugh Adams records among his baptisms the fol- 
lowing, 17 December 17 19: "At a lecture at Loverland, on 
account of her faith and engagement for its education, our 
sister Sarah Bennick, having an infant maid servant born in 

249 



250 HISTORY OF DURHAM 

her house of a Negro father and Indian mother, had her baptized 
Mary Robinson." And again, 5 January 1723/4, he records, 
"Then at our house, Simon Teko, Indian man servant, owning 
his Baptismal Covenant, I baptized our Indian woman servant 
Maria, and their Infant born in our house, Scipio," and June 23 
1728, "Philhs, our servant child, born in my house of Maria, 
•our Indian Woman Servant." He baptized, 30 August 1724, 
"Peter, the Negro servant of Peter and Sarah Mason" and 5 
March 1726/7, "Caesar Sanders, Free Negro." 

The inventory of the estate of the Rev. Nicholas Oilman, 
1748, names Peter, a negro man, valued at £150. 

The Rev. John Adams recorded the marriage of Belmont 
and Venus, i January 1760. Their surname was Barhew and 
they are said to have been brought from Africa and belonged 
to Jeremiah Burnham. The Rev. Curtis Coe recorded the 
burial of Venus, November 1783. The Barhew family lived 
on a part of the Burnham farm called Nigger Point. They had 
seven children, Aenon, Caesar, Jubal, Titus, Peter, Candace, and 
another daughter. Aenon, when only four years old, was 
bought for $100 by Col. Timothy Emerson, brother of Mrs. 
Jeremiah Burnham, and became free after the Revolution. He 
died 16 December 1827 and was buried, with other slaves owned 
by the Emerson family, near the residence of Dea. Winthrop 
S. Meserve. Caesar was noted for his singing at prayer meet- 
ings. He was acquired by Vowel Leathers, and died in New- 
market after having obtained his freedom. [See Landmarks of 
Ancient Dover, p. 162.] 

The following bill of sale may be of interest and further follows 
the fortunes of the Barhew family: 

Know all men by these presents that I Jeremish Burnum Junr of Durham 
in the County of Strafford and State of New Hampshire, yeoman, for and in 
Consideration of the sum of thirty pounds rightful money to me in hand 
before the delivery hereof well and truly paid by my daughter Elizabeth 
Burnam of said Town, single woman and Spinster, the receipt whereof I 
do hereby acknowledge, have given, granted, bargained and sold and by these 
presents do give, grant, bargain and sell unto my said Daughter Elizabeth, 
my Negro boy named Jabal now about Seven Years old. 

To have and to hold the said Negro to her the s^ Elizabeth, her heirs or 
assigns, to her or their only proper use and benefit during the term of his 



HISTORY OF DURHAM 25 1 

natural life. In witness whereof I have hereunto set my hand and seal this 
29th day of June A.D. 1778. 

Jeremiah Burnum JuN'. 
Signed, Sealed & del"* 

in presence of 
John Smith 
James Smith. 

Jabal or Jubal was afterward acquired by Capt. Smith Emer- 
son. Candace, his sister, was given to Ehzabeth Burnham at 
the time of her marriage, and Peter, the youngest, remained 
with the Burnham family. His sleeping place, called Pete's 
hole, could be seen in the ruins of the old Burnham mansion. 

Robert Thompson was the owner of several slaves, three of 
whom are mentioned in the settlement of his estate, 1752, viz., 
John Battles valued at £350, Page £120, and Nan £350. The 
wife of Robert Thompson in her will gave to her brother, Solo- 
mon Emerson, her negro woman, Dinah. 

A negro servant of Solomon Emerson, named George, about 
to go to war, made his will, 5 June 1777, giving property to wife, 
Phillis. A negro slave named Sidon is mentioned in the inven- 
tory of Samuel Thompson, 1755. 

The inventory of the estate of Capt. Samuel Emerson, 1743, 
shows the appraisal of one man negro at £55, one woman negro 
at £80 and one young man negro at £130. 

The inventory of Capt. Samuel Demeritt, 1770, shows that 
he owned a negro named Prince. 

A negro man, Peter, belonging to Hon. George Frost was 
buried 16 July 1785, according to record of the Rev. Curtis Coe. 

Judge Valentine Smith used to mention a female slave named 
Phillis, who took excellent care of his mother, Lydia Millett 
Smith, in her sickness. The slave was buried in the family 
burial grounds at Lubberlatid. 

Col. Thomas Tash had a slave named Oxford Tash, who 
died 14 October 18 10, aged sixty. He fought in the Revo- 
lutionary War and was wounded in action. He refused a pension 
so long as he could support himself. 

A slave of Capt. Nathaniel Randall served in Capt. Thomas 
Tash's company in 1758. His name is enrolled as "Cesar 
Durham, negro, by the consent of his master Nathaniel Randal, 
enlisted April 29, 1758, age 45." Another negro served in the 



252 HISTORY OF DURHAM 

same company and is enrolled as "Sippo Negro Servant to- 
Doctor Joseph Atkinson, enlisted April 8, 1758, age 26." 

Peter Adams, negro, served in the Revolution, 1777, from 
Durham, perhaps slave or servant of the Rev. John Adams,, 
perhaps belonging to Lieut. -Col. Winborn Adams. 

Robert Lapish of Durham, in 1777, bought of Jacob Sheafe 
of Portsmouth a negro slave named Joseph, aged about 37 years. 

Gen. John Sullivan had his slaves and special quarters for 
them erected in the rear of his house. They often rowed him 
down the river thirteen miles to Portsmouth. One was named 
Noble. 

The following exact copy of a liberation paper will be of interest: 

Know all men by these presents that I, John Woodman, of Durham in 
the county of Strafford and State of New Hampshire, yeoman, for and in 
consideration of the sum of sixty pounds lawful money to me in hand paid 
before the deliver}' hereof by my negro man Dan, a servant for life, about 
twenty-eight years of age, the receipt whereof I do hereby acknowledge, have 
given, granted, bargained & sold & by these presents do give, grant, bargain 
and sell unto the aforesaid Dan his time for life, liberating & making him a 
free man to all intents as tho' he had been born free, hereby engaging for 
myself, my heirs, exec" & admin" that no person or persons claiming from,, 
by or under me or them shall have any right to demand any service of him 
in future as a slave. 

In witness whereof I have hereunto set my hand & seal this 23d day of 
June Anno Domini 1777. 
Signed Sealed & delivered John Woodman. 

in presence of 
John Smith 
JoN«. Chesley. 

This slave took the name Dan Martin and served as a soldier 
in the Revolution. According to the records of Durham Dan 
Martin, "late a soldier for Durham," received £17. He and 
his family used to live on the landing, near the wharves, near 
the Gleason house. He used to work upon the boats that carried 
freight to Portsmouth. He died at Greenland June 1839. His 
wife died 2 March 1830. He was sometimes called Dan Wood- 
man, and he named a son Archelaus, for the brother of his former 
master. They were buried in the Chesley-Young burial lot. 

"Duke Smith" and "Black Pegg" were among the paupers 
bid off to those who would board them for the least money, 
1783-86. The price varied from three to four shillings per week. 
In 1786 the town was charged "for a Sheet and Shift to bury 



HISTORY OF DURHAM 253 

Black Pegg in." She had been kept by Robert Wille, and Duke 
Smith hved with Moses Edgerly at the expense of the town. 

The records of Durham show that Portsmouth or Porch 
was the negro dog-whipper in the meeting house, in 1751, 1754 
and 1755. The dog-whipper w'as once a well-known official 
in England. In many cases he was the sexton. Perhaps they 
remembered the saying of the revelator, "Without are dogs." 

During the Revolution, 1779, twenty slaves of New Hamp- 
shire petitioned the Honorable Council and House of Repre- 
sentatives for their freedom. Among them was Peter Frost, 
slave of the Hon. George Frost of Durham. They express the 
desire "that the name of Slave may not more be heard in a Land 
gloriously contending for the Sweets of Freedom." No action 
was taken on this petition, "postponed to a more convenient 
opportunity." Nero Brewster headed the petition, called King 
Brewster, slave of Col. William Brewster of Portsmouth. 

The census returns for 1767 show that Durham then had 
twenty-one male slaves and eleven female slaves; in 1773 there 
were fifteen male slaves ahd nine female; in 1775 Durham had 
twenty-five slaves for life; in 1786 there w^ere only three in Dur- 
ham and nine in all Strafford County. 

Agitation for the abolition of slavery began in New Hamp- 
shire soon after 1830, amid much opposition. A Strafford 
County Anti-Slavery Convention was held at Gilmanton Center, 
27 April 1836. Among those who signed the call were the fol- 
lowing from Durham, John A. Richardson, Joseph Coe, G. W. 
Thompson, Richard Steele and John I. Kelly. An anti-slavery 
address was given at Durham 17 November 1836 by the Rev. 
David Root of Dover, on Thanksgiving evening, and at the 
close of the address an Anti-Slavery Society was formed, con- 
sisting of sixty-three members. The officers of the society were 
Dea. Abraham Perkins, president; Dea. Daniel Mathes, vice- 
president, and Richard Steele, Esq., secretary. 

The great change in public opinion that had gradually come 
about in Durham, on the subject of slavery, is well illustrated 
in the following letter addressed to Miss Mary P. Thompson 
by the Rev. Alvan Tobey, on the occasion of her request for a 
church letter to join a Presbyterian church at Maysville, Ky. 
The letter is dated 4 May 1847: 



254 HISTORY OF DURHAM 

Your request for a dismission from the Congregational church in this place 
and a recommendation to the Presbyterian church in Maysville, Ky., was 
laid before the church last Sabbath, and the matter was referred to a commit- 
tee consisting of the pastor and deacons, on the ground that the circum- 
stances are somewhat peculiar. The peculiarity of the circumstances does 
not relate to you personally, but to the fact that Maysville is in a slave state, 
& the Presbyterian church there probably has members who are slave-holders. 
It is the first instance in which a direct act of fellowship with a church in a 
slave-holding state has come before us. It is important that we should decide 
upon the right action in this case, as it may be a precedent in time to come, 
and our whole course should be regulated by correct principles. Probably 
a majority of this church would not consider the fact of another church having 
some members who are slaveholders a reason for withholding from it all 
fellowship. But if a church and its pastor should defend slavery as right, 
as a good institution, and its members should hold slaves & manage them 
for purposes of gain, like any other property, it is hardly probable that we 
should think it right to have fellowship with them. In this case it seems to 
us desirable to have more information before we act. 

We should be glad to know whether there are slaveholders in the Presby- 
terian church in Maysville? if there are, on what ground they are considered 
justifiable in continuing the relation of master and slave? And whether 
slavery is approved and cherished by the church as a good thing? Or is it 
lamented and its removal sincerely desired? 

Perhaps, — probably, I think, it would have been granted, if all the church 
had the same views on the subject that I have. But such is not the case. 
A few years ago the subject of slavery & abolition was discussed in the church 
& created such a difference of opinion & feeling as threatened to produce 
serious difficulty. The alienation caused by it then has apparently been 
healed, & none of us, I believe, wish to have it come back again. We wish 
& we mean, I think, to act together if we can, but we all are strongly opposed 
to slavery and ready to express our disapprobation of it and our desire for 
its removal, if we can in any way that is proper & promises to do good. In 
my own opinion slavery should not be a bar to christian fellowship. 

I believe there are Christian slaveholders & that for us to separate from 
them is neither wise nor right. It is not the way most likely to promote 
the abolition of slavery & it rejects those whom, not withstanding their imper- 
fections, I believe God accepts. 

The church at Durham decided not to grant the desired letter, 
after learning that there were slaveholders in the church at 
Maysville. Had all northern advisers been as wise and consider- 
ate as the Rev. Mr. Tobey, perhaps much trouble might have 
been avoided. Who can say? Both North and South now 
rejoice that slavery is no more forever in this "land of the free." 

The will of Margaret Blydenburgh of Durham was signed 
30 May 1849 and approved the first Tuesday in January 1862. 
In it a bequest is made to "William Lloyd Garrison, the editor 



HISTORY OF DURHAM 255 

of the newspaper called the Liberator, . . . through my 
regard to his devotedness and valuable services to the cause of 
truth, religion and liberty." The sum was $1,000. Also she 
gave the residue of her estate to him, to Wendell Phillips, to 
Parker Pillsbury and to Frederick Douglass, the well-known 
advocates of anti-slavery principles, as a trust fund for the 
benefit of the fugitive slaves who may be in the free states. 



EDUCATION 

The first record of any public school in Dov^er is dated 5 April 
1658, when it was voted that twenty pounds be appropriated for 
the maintenance of a schoolmaster for all the children. He was 
to teach reading, writing, casting accounts and Latin. Charles 
Buckner was then employed. Probably private schools had 
existed before this date. Massachusetts, about 1647, required 
that towns of fifty householders should have a school. 

The early ministers, like Daniel Maud, were teachers of schools 
as well as preachers of the Gospel. Sometimes they were physi- 
cians also and they did much law business. Ministers and school- 
masters were exempted from Province rates as early as 1692, and 
also from military duty. 

A petition, dated 17 15, shows that the people at the Point 
were accustomed "to hire a Schoolmaster for themselves and 
adjacent neighbors." They objected to having one school- 
master for the whole town, as the school, in that case, would be 
too far distant for their benefit. When Oyster River became a 
parish, in 1716, the people were permitted and required to have 
a schoolmaster. Dover petitioned, in 1722, to be released from 
the obligation to have a grammar school during the Indian War. 

The first reference to schools after the incorporation of Dur- 
ham as a town is found under date of 8 October 1736, in a pre- 
amble to a call for a town meeting, signed by the selectmen, 
"And itt is the Desire of our Reverant pasture Mr. Hugh Adams 
that y*^ town should vote that he should have the one half of his 
salary paid him on or before the first week in October annually 
from time to time and whereas his son Winbon Adams was the 
schoolmaster of this Town for the present year and Deceast in 
that ofice in the Town service to see if the Town will vote that 
sum certain Part of his funeral charge be Paid out of the town 
stock." Winborn Adams was born in Boston and at the time 
of his decease was 21 years of age. 

The earliest schoolmasters in Durham were Hercules Mooney, 

1751-66, and John Smith, who is first mentioned in this office in 

1757. Both of these were noted in their profession. Dr. Joseph 

Atkinson taught in 1758, and Dr. Samuel Shepard in 1759, 1762 

17 257 



A 




MOOEffN SCH( 
"=PAckERS FAH.S ,DIST 
■EJECTED "188 




HISTORY OF DURHAM 259 

and 1764. Dea. Nathaniel Norton was a teacher in 1767, and 
William Parsons taught in that and the following year. John 
Marshall is mentioned a|S a teacher in 1772. Up to 1754 there 
seems to have been but one public school. In 1764 it was voted 
that the school money be divided. In 1768 the town voted to 
keep a grammar school. In 1769 six districts and committees 
were voted, and forty pounds were raised for the support of 
schools. After the close of the Revolutionary War seventy-five 
pounds were voted to maintain schools. 

In the town warrant, dated 8 April 1794, was an article as 
follows, "to see if the town will vote to build a house for the 
purpose of holding town meetings in the future or vote a certain 
sum to be laid out in conjunction with subscribers who propose 
to build a house for an academy and to have both under one roof. " 
The proposal was defeated. The next year the town voted 
"that money should be raised sufficient to build a school house in 
each district in the town." At a subsequent meeting the same 
year this vote was reconsidered. In 1797 a committee of eight 
was appointed to locate and build schoolhouses in the several 
districts. The town warrant, dated 26 March 1798, called the 
meeting "at the schoolhouse lately erected near the Widow 
Griffin's in said Durham." Miss Mary P. Thompson attended 
school there when she was but three years and a half old. She 
writes, "The old wooden school-house, where I first went to 
school in my childhood stood between the Griffin house (now 
Buzzell's) and the present house of Samuel Runlett, opposite 
the Richardson house." 

The Durham school districts are mentioned in the records of 
1794 as I, Falls, First North District, i. e., in Durham village; 2, 
Falls, Second North District, i. e., the district around Buck's Hill; 
3, Falls, South District, now the Broth Hill District; 4, Lubber- 
land; 5, Point District; 6, Packer's Falls; 7, District below 
Jones' Creek; afterward called the Bridge District; 8, District 
above William Spinney's. The last was called the Mast Road 
District in 1797. 

In accordance with a law passed in 1805, providing for the 
separation of towns into districts for school purposes, Durham 
was divided into ten school districts and until 1885 the duty of 
providing teachers was taken from the selectman and imposed 
upon a prudential committee of theseveral districts. In Durham, 



260 HISTORY OF DURHAM 

during this period, a superintending school committee, consisting 
of from one to three persons, was annually chosen to supervise 
the schools, often the pastor of one of the churches filling this 
office for a very small remuneration. 

Benjamin Thompson, who founded the college, taught school 
three months in 1825 for $12 per month in District Number 
Two and $14 per month in District Number Four, as receipts 
show. During this time he was informed by a note as follows: 

Mr. Thompson: 

Sir — I would inform you that Ivory has Come home with a peace pinched 
out of his Check he says by James Langley Between Schools, you will En- 
quire into it. From yours &c. Wear Colcord. 

Mr. Thompson preserved a list of fifty-seven boys and forty- 
three girls who were his pupils in the two districts. The list, 
alphabetically arranged, is as follows: Boys — John Burnham, 
Joseph Burnham, Langdon Burnham, Moses Burnham, William 
Chesley, Ivory Colcord, William Colcord, Caleb Davis, Enoch 
Davis, George Davis, Charles FoUett, Richard Follett, John 
Farnham, Daniel Holt, Henry Holt, Stephen Holt, Joseph Hoit, 
Robinson Jones, John Keniston, Nathan Keniston, Andrew 
Langley, Oilman Langley, James Langley, John Langley, 
Thomas Langley, Alfred Langley, Moses Langley, John Langley 
and James Langley again, David Laken, Ezekiel Leathers, 
Stephen Nudd, Alfred Paul, Howard Paul, James Paul, Stephen 
Paul, Frederic Parks, Timothy Parks, Charles Parks, Alfred 
Pinkham, Daniel Pinkham, Stephen Pinkham, William Pink- 
ham, James Presson, William Shackford, Mark W. Walker, James 
Wiggin, George Wiggin, John Wiggin, William Wiggin, Jacob 
Willey, Henry W'illey, Ira Willey, James Willey, Ira Tego and 
John Tego. 

The girls were Caroline Burnham, Eliza Burnham, Hannah 
Burnham, Hannah Burnham again, Jane Cox, Jane Davis, Mary 
Davis, Sarah Ann Colcord, Temperance Ann Edgerly, Susan 
Farnham, Abigail Farnham, Caroline Follett, Elizabeth Holt, 
Elizabeth Hussey, Caroline Jenkens, Mary Keniston, Lucia Ann 
Keniston, Abigail Langley, Abigail Langley again, Abigail Lang- 
ley, 3d, Martha Langley, Mary Ann Langley, Sophronia Langley, 
Sarah Langley, Deborah Langley, Caroline Mathes, Jane Nudd, 
Caroline Paul, Mary Paul, Susan Paul, Temperance Ann Paul, 
Jane Parks, Sarah Ann Parks, Eliza Pinkham, Caroline Pinkham, 



HISTORY OF DURHAM 26l 

Sally Pinkham, Fanny Pinkham, Maria Tego, Harriet Willey, 
Mehitable Willey, Susannah Willey, Mary Willey, Lydia Wiggin. 

George Frost was a teacher near the close of the eighteenth 
century, and one of his pupils was Judge Valentine Smith. The 
school was in one of the chambers of the Smith homestead at 
Lubberland. Judge Smith himself taught at Lubberland. 

Among the teachers in the village, in the thirties, were Samuel 
Burnham, Sarah Odell, Hannah Ela, Edmund J. Lane, Susan R. 
Wilson, George P. Edney, Timothy Hilliard. 

Stephen Mitchell taught in 1802; Edward Wells in 1802, 1804, 
1805 and 1808; Charles Hardy in 1807. 

There was a petition for "a woman school," for the benefit of 
small children, in 1804. Mrs. Mary Hardy, widow of Theo- 
philus Hardy, and sister of Gen. John Sullivan, was teaching in 
181 2. She rented the front room in the old schoolhouse between 
the Runlett and the Griffin houses, and this was called the "girls' 
room. " Here she lived, cooked in the open fireplace, and taught. 

Sarah S. Blunt taught in 1835; Abigail H. Folsom in 1838; 
Preston Rand, Jr., and John S. Woodman in 1839; and Hiram 
Kelsey in 1840. Other natixes of Durham who have become 
noted as teachers are Edward Lancaster, Edwin DeMeritt, Prof. 
B. F. Dame, John S. Hayes of Somerville, Mass., George W. 
Ransom, and Calvert King Mellen. 

In the >ear 1846 the amount raised for schools was $546, 
divided among the ten districts of the town. About fifteen years 
later and until the time the district system was abolished the 
amount so expended annually varied from $1,200 to $1,500. In 
1902-03 the amount expended in three schools, with five teachers, 
was $2,835. 

In 1859-60 the number of pupils enrolled was 292; in 1884-85 
the number was 148. The length of the school year in 1857 and 
in 1884 varied in the different districts from fifteen to thirty-two 
weeks. Now there are four schoolhouses and thirty-six weeks 
of school. The equipment is excellent, and there is state aid in 
supervision of the schools. 

We have seen that Durham academy was talked of in Durham 
as early as 1794. It was not till 1839 that the New Hampshire 
Christian Baptist Conference decided to establish "an Academy 
where the youth both male and female may be taught the various 
branches of education free from the leaven of sectarianism." 



262 HISTORY OF DURHAM 

They further stated that "their wish and intention is to establish 
an Academy of a strictly literary character, without any reference 
to the profession the students may be disposed to choose after- 
ward." The conference invited requests from any villages or 
neighborhoods that wished to have such an institution. In 
response to this appeal Elder William Demeritt of Durham, pastor 
of the Christian Baptist Church, and other citizens of Durham 
became interested in securing the location of this academy. They 
were successful in their efforts, and the act of incorporation was 
passed in 1840, locating the institution at Durham, to be known 
as the Durham Academy. Elder Demeritt was the chief finan- 
cial and business manager. The original design was to have an 
institution that would accommodate 250 pupils, and donations 
were solicited throughout the conference. A large share of the 
expense, however, was paid by Elder Demeritt, who left his farm 
and moved into the house now occupied by C. E. Hoitt, where 
he boarded pupils. The academy was located on an acre of 
land between the village cemetery and the brick church, bought 
of Widow Hannah Young. It was a two-story edifice built of 
brick and stone and consisted of a large room and two class rooms 
on each floor, besides a basement. The lower story was devoted 
to the boys, and the upper story to the girls, while the basement 
was used by the Christian Society as a vestry. The building had 
a tower and bell. The site can be seen easterly of the present 
schoolhouse fence. 

The first term of the academy commenced 27 August 1841, 
with Joshua D. Berry as principal, assisted by his sister. Among 
those who taught in the academy might be mentioned Trueman K. 
Wright, Miss Martha Bridgman of Hanover, who married Mr. 
Wright, Maurice Lamprey of Hampton, Mary F. Kent, O. D. 
Adams, Mr. Hills, Mr. Pease, Mr. Courser, Miss Richardson, 
Miss Allen, Orrin Payson, Edward Lancaster, Ira G. Hoitt, 
James Bates, Dr. John G. Pike, Joshua M. Pitman, Mary E. 
Kelley, George K. Hilton, Abraham Burnham and George F. 
Kelton. 

Among the pupils who attended were Hon. Joshua B. Smith, 
Miss Mary P. Thompson, Maj. Enoch G. Adams, Dr. John G. 
Pike, Dr. T. J. W. Pray, Hamilton Smith, John S. Hayes, J. W. 
Coe, John E. Thompson, Dr. R. L. Hodsdon and Dea. Winthrop 
S. Meeerve. 



HISTORY OF DURHAM 



263 



Elder William Demeritt died in 1842 and the academy severely 
felt his absence. An effort was made to cancel the debt and to 
raise an endowment. The tuition and other resources were not 
sufficient to meet expenses, and thus the institution gradually 
declined. Higher institutions of learning must give much for 
little in order to attract students. Education has to be about 
as free as the Gospel before many will be induced to receive it. 




^, 


'"^''T^ 




1} , 



Village School House 
Erected on site of the Brick Meeting House 




But while Durham Academy flourished, it ranked high in efficiency 
and was a credit to the town. 

In one term sixty-eight males and forty-four females were 
enrolled as pupils, about thirty per cent, being non-residents and 
some coming from other states. The academic year consisted 
of four terms of eleven weeks each. Students were fitted for 
college, and there were other courses of four years. The tuition 
was $4 per term, with additional expense for extras. Board was 
from $1.25 to $1.50 per week, including everything except wood. 

In 1864 John S. Smith, pastor of the First Christian Church, 
proposed that the academy building be sold at auction and the 



264 HISTORY OF DURHAM 

seats used for the brick church that had been built near by. The 
walls were cracked and the building was unsafe. The brick and 
stone were taken to Portsmouth. The bell was stored in Mark 
Willey's shop, and in 1879 it could not be found, and an effort was 
made to collect $42 for it. 

For about sixty years the people of DuVham have missed the 
advantages of the academy and have been obliged to pay tuition 
and car-fares to have their children attend the high school, 
academy, or seminary in Dover, Newmarket, Exeter or other 
towns. Some families have removed from town in order to 
educate their children, and other families have not moved into 
town because of this lack of educational facilities. This has been 
a serious loss to the town. The growing college and increasing 
population demand a preparatory school of first grade. Such 
an institution would help Durham in many ways. The conse- 
quent increase of value to real estate would indirectly pay for 
the building. It would attract students and families to the town. 
It is hoped that some generous person may imitate the noble 
example of Benjamin Thompson and give or bequeath funds 
sufficient to establish an institution that shall even surpass in 
honor and usefulness old Durham Academy. 

The following is Durham's Collegiate Roll of Honor: John 
Sullivan, James Sullivan and George Sullivan, Harvard, 1790; 
Jacob Sheafe Smith, Harvard, 1805; Henry Smith, Bowdoin, 
1810; John A. Richardson, Dartmouth, 1819; Richard Steele, 
Dartmouth, 1815; John Thompson, Harvard, 1822; Hamilton 
Smith, Dartmouth, 1829; Charles Ingalls, Dartmouth, 1829; 
George P. Mathes, Dartmouth, 1834; William B. Smith, Dart- 
mouth, 1840; John S. Woodman, Dartmouth, 1842; Enoch 
George Adams, Yale, 1849; Hilliard Flanders, Union Seminary, 
1849; John Isaac Ira Adams, Yale, 1852; George T. Wiggin 
Dartmouth, 1859; William A. Odell, Harvard, 1864; George S. 
Frost, Dartmouth, 1865; Gen. Charles W. Bartlett, Dartmouth, 
1869; Edwin DeMeritt, Dartmouth, 1869; Frank DeMeritt, 
Dartmouth, 1870; George E. Thompson, Dartmouth, Chandler 
Scientific, 1879, and Harvard Medical, 1884; George W. Ran- 
som, Dartmouth, 1886; Miss Ada M. Thompson, Wellesley, 
1886; Rev. William J. Drew, Berea, 1891; Miss Margaret A. 
Coe, Smith College, 1896; Miss Anne H. Coe, Smith College, 
1902; Roy W. Mathes, Dartmouth Medical, 1906; John R. 



HISTORY OF DURHAM 265 

Mathes, Dartmouth, 1900; James M. Mathes, Dartmouth^ 
191 1 ; Miss Ruth E. Thompson, Denver University, 1912; Cal- 
vert King Mellen, Norwich University, 1884. 

The following residents of Durham have graduated at the New 
Hampshire College of Agriculture and Mechanic Arts: 

Miss Carrie L. Comings, 1897; Miss M. E. Comings, 1897; 
Leslie D. Hayes, 1897; Miss Mabel L. Hayes, 1898; Miss Etta 
L. Simpson, 1899; Miss Fannie Burnham, 1900; Charles E. P. 
Mathes, 1900; Miss Alvena Pettee, 1900; Miss Blanche M. 
Foye, 1900; Harold M. Runlett, 1901 ; Eugene P. Runlett, 
1902; Ernest F. Bickford, 1903; David A. Watson, 1903; Frank 
R. Brown, 1903; Everett G. Davis, 1903; Albert N. Otis, 1903; 
Horace J. Pettee, 1905; Warren C. Hayes, 1905; Miss Lucia S. 
Watson, 1907; Miss Sarah E. Pettee, 1908; Miss Katharine 
DeMeritt, 1908; Miss Margaret DeMeritt, 1908, M. A., 1912; 
Mary A. Che^ley, 1908; Stephen DeMeritt, 1912; Miss Bernice 
M, Hayes, 191 2; Myles S. Watson, 1912; Charles F. Scott, 1913; 
Miss Marie L. Robertson, 1900. 

The New Hampshire College of Agriculture and 

Mechanic Arts 

It was a great day for Durham when this institution, which 
began its existence in 1866 at Hanover, was removed here. The 
inducement was the bequest of Benjam.in Thompson, of which 
mention is made in the biographical sketch of that benefactor. 
The bequest, by accumulation of interest, now amounts to an 
endowment of nearly $800,000, and its annual income of about 
$32,000 became available first in 1910. The State appropriated 
$100,000 for building in 1 891 and an additional appropriation 
of $35,000 in 1893, when the college entered upon its new career. 
New buildings have been added from time to time, made neces- 
sary by the rapidh- increasing number of students and by new 
courses of study. Its halls and campus are taking on the appear- 
ance of the old New England colleges, except that the campus 
is larger and has greater variety of landscape, with much natural 
beauty. The college owns 380 acres, of which sev-enty acres are 
forest and one hundred and twenty acres are in tillage. There 
are hill and dale, orchard and woodland, meadow and stream, 
gardens and greenhouses, race-track and ball-ground. A special 



^^^ x^^WPSHlRE cou^^^ 





NESniTH HALL 








^#^ 



LIBRARY 



HISTORY OF DURHAM 267 

dormitory has been built for young ladies, and the young men in 
clubs hire spacious houses with all needed accommodations. The 
removal of the railroad track toward the west and the disappear- 
ance of several unsightly buildings have made possible the further 
beautifying of the campus. 

The growth of the college has been phenomenal. In 1893 the 
enrollment of students numbered only thirty and there were only 
seven professors in the Faculty. Now there are 354 students 
enrolled and the Faculty has forty-two instructors. Nearly 
2,000 students have already availed themselves of the privileges 
of this institution, perhaps induced in many cases by the reason- 
ableness of expense, which need not exceed $300 annually. There 
are also a goodly number of scholarships, besides opportunities 
for partial self-support. Here may be found an earnest set of 
young people, who go to college for hard intellectual work more 
than for athletics and a general good time. However, they get 
athletic exercises and good times incidentally, the way happiness 
must always come. There is an excellent gymnasium and the 
play-ground adjoining welcomes often enough teams and ball 
clubs from other New England colleges. 

The buildings of the college can not be described in a few 
words better than by quoting from the last bulletin: 

Thompson Hall is the main administrative building and contains the offices 
of the President, the Dean, the Registrar and the Purchasing Agent. Here 
also are located the departments of Drawing and Machine Design, Modern 
Languages, Mathematics and Zoology. 

Conant Hall is given ovei wholly to the departments of Chemistry, Physics 
and Electrical Engineering. 

Morrill Hall contains the Experiment Station Library of over twenty-five 
hundred volumes, the office of the Director of the Expciimcnt Station, and the 
laboratories, lecture rooms and offices of the departments of Agronomy, Animal 
Husbandry', Horticulture and Forestry. 

Nesmith Hall is occupied by the departments of Chemistry and Botany 
of the Experiment Station and contains the laboratory and lecture room of the 
department of Botany of the college. 

The Mechanical Engineering Building contains a wood shop, a machine 
shop, a forge shop, a foundry and the laijoratories of the Mechanical Engineer- 
ing department. 

In the Armory are the lecture rooms and offices of the Military department, 
the rooms of the College Club and a large drill hall or gymnasium. 

The Dairy Building is arranged and equipped in the most up-to-date and 
sanitary manner. It contains a commercial creamer^', with separator room, 
churning room and cold storage room; laboratories for giving instruction in 




O 

Cm 

s 

o 



HISTORY OF DURHAM 269 

milk testing, milk inspection, farm butter and cheese making and bacteriology; 
a reading and exhibition room; a class room and offices. 

The college has also an insectary, a large modern dairy barn, several smaller 
barns for sheep, horses, etc., and a range of greenhouses especially planned for 
carrying on up-to-date work in greenhouse management. 

Smith Hall, the woman's dormitory, was made possible by the generosity 
of Mrs. Shirley Onderdonk, of Durham, who gave sixteen thousand dollars as 
a memorial to her mother, Mrs. Alice Hamilton Smith. The remainder of 
the cost, ten thousand dollars, was provided by the State. The building 
furnishes accommodations for thirty-two students. 

In accordance with an act of consolidation between the lil)raries of Durham 
and the college, the books of the Durham Public Library and the college are 
all shelved in one building and form the Hamilton Smith Public Library. 
This consolidation makes an especially good collection, the scientific books of 
the college supplementing well the more popular books of the town library. 
The consolidated libraries number about 30,000 bound volumes and 10,000 
pamphlets. 

On the thirteenth day of April 191 3, the Governor of New 
Hampshire signed the bill appropriating $80,000 for a new engi- 
neering building, which will be erected at once. 

Thus have been brought together in twenty years buildings 
and property to the value of about half a million of dollars, besides 
the endowment fund. Surely a firm basis has been laid, and the 
future growth of the college is assured. The application of 
science to agriculture has made farming in New England a new 
and attractive business, demanding brains as well as brawn. The 
trolley, the telephone and the rural delivery of mail no longer 
leave the farmhouse in lonely isolation. Good roads are bringing 
the markets nearer. Will women become farmers, and is this 
the reason why they are admitted to New Hampshire College? 
Why not.'* Indeed, this is actually the fact and one of growing 
importance. It has been proved that women have business 
enterprise and scientific knowledge sufiicient to manage large 
farms successfully. There is reason to think that they will soon 
compete with men in this vocation, as they are now doing in 
many trades and professions that were once closed to them. 
Good agriculture is the basis of human welfare in material things, 
and should be considered an honorable occupation and made 
sufficiently lucrative. 

Look at the list of sui:)jects taught and wish \'ourself young 
again, such as the study of soils, seeds, farming machinery, domes- 
tic animals and their proper care, dairying, orcharding, horti- 




Kappa Sigma Beta Phi Theta Chi 

Gamma Theta Zeta Epsilon Zeta 

Houses now or once used by College Fraternities 



HISTORY OF DURHAM 271 

culture, forestry, botany and chemistry. Thus equipped the 
young farmer begins his work, knowing what to do on his par- 
ticular farm and how to do it. He can raise a profitable crop of 
something almost anywhere, if he only knows how. He can 
draw nutriment out of the air, by proper rotation of crops. If 
one does not like farming, one can here become fitted to be a 
chemist, an electrical or mechanical engineer, a surveyor, a 
machinist, a teacher, and to handle a great variety of tools. 
The student learns to do things as well as to philosophize about 
them. Here is pragmatism in contrast with speculative phi- 
losophy. 

The military drill, optional in the senior year, is a useful train- 
ing for many, but will be abandoned with the growth of the 
college into a State University, for the time is hastening on when 
international arbitration will keep the peace of the world and 
the nations shall learn war no more. 

Education by the State is taking the place of education by 
Christian denominations, and the former is no less Christian 
than the latter. New Hampshire ought to have at least one 
institution of learning, where women have equal privileges with 
men and both may pursue any lines of study they may choose. 
A course in Domestic Science and Household Arts is the latest 
attraction. Why not have also courses in architecture, sculpture, 
painting, music, and literature? All these departments will 
be added in due time. An endowment by some noble patron or 
alumnus will hasten the desired end. 

It is gratifying to know that the college recognizes that it 
should be an educator of the people at large as well as of the 
students that flock to Durham. Bulletins of very valuable 
information go forth from the Experiment Station. "A College 
on Wheels" is the name given to its Extension Service, that 
sends lecturers throughout- the State to teach farmers how to 
raise fruit, hay, stock, etc., that makes exhibits at fairs, and 
enrolls whosoever will in agricultural reading courses. 

The first president of the college, after its separation from 
Dartmouth and removal to Durham, was Dr. Charles S. Murk- 
land, who took charge in the fall of 1893 and served for ten years. 
Perhaps the richest legacy left by this able and erudite president 
is the spirit of true scholarship which characterized his adminis- 
tration and which still remains. President William D. Gibbs 




Edward Thomson Fairchild, LL.D. 
President of New Hampshire College 



HISTORY OF DURHAM 



273 



serv^ed as chief officer during the past nine years. He was singu- 
larly strong in his administration of financial affairs, and during 
his term the college prospered greatly. Several buildings were 
added and the number of students more than doubled. 

Edward Thomson Fairchild, Ph. D., LL. D., was elected presi- 
dent of the college in August, 1912. He is a native of Ohio, edu- 
cated at Wesleyan and Wooster Universities. His whole life has 
been devoted to educational work. He taught in Ohio Normal 
School and served as state superintendent of schools. Later he was 
city superintendent of schools in Kansas and for eight years was 




Residence of the College President 



a member of the board of regents of the Agricultural College. 
Three years he was state superintendent of public instruction in 
Kansas, when he formulated workable and up-to-date courses of 
stud\' in rural, graded and high schools throughout the state. 
At the time of his election as president of New Hampshire College 
he was president of the National Educational Association and 
also superintendent of public instruction for Kansas. The latter 
position he resigned upon coming to New Hampshire. He has 
already impressed himself upon the college and town as a man of 
unusual graciousness and tact in handling administrative prob- 

18 




Dean Charles H. Pettee, LL.D. 



HISTORY OF DURHAM 275 

lems and as a scholar particularly well informed in educational 
matters. 

Mention ought to be made of the work of Prof. Charles H. 
Pettee, LL. D., who has served as dean of the college fourteen 
years. After graduating from Dartmouth in 1874 and from the 
Thayer School of Civil Engineering in 1876 he accepted the chair 
of Mathematics and Civil Engineering in the New Hampshire 
College, then at Hanover. He assisted in planning and providing 
for the erection of the buildings at Durham and has been a posi- 
tive force in the development of the town. He is a deacon and 
constant helper in the church and in the prosperity and future 
growth of the town he shows his faith by his works. 

At the commencement exercises held ii June 1913 the presi- 
dent of the college conferred the degree of LL. D. on Dean Pettee 
in the following words: 

Charles Holmes Pettee, Dean of the College, for thirty-eight years you have 
served this institution faithfully and well. Your loyalty has been such that 
no task has been too humble or too difficult to enlist your quick sympathy 
and earnest action Vou have worked for its interests in season and out of 
season. Ever ready with kind advice or sympathetic assistance, you have 
been a consistent friend of the thousands of students who have been enrolled 
in this college. Hundreds of former students and the alumni of this institution 
will join in approval of the action of the trustees in bestowing upon you the 
honorary degree of Doctor of Laws, and I now declare you entitled to all the 
rights and privileges belonging thereto. 

Libraries 

The educational history of Durham demands that something 
should be said about the public libraries that have done so 
much to stimulate desire for sound learning and to enrich the 
minds of readers. The Durham Social Library was incorpo- 
rated in 1815, and the Durham Agricultural Library was incor- 
porated in 1862. For a long time the books of both were on the 
upper floor of lawyer Richardson's office and were in constant 
circulation. After Squire Richardson's death no use was made 
of them until Mr. Albert DeMeritt initiated a movement to 
secure them as a nucleus for a new library. Money was raised, 
Benjamin Thompson being a liberal contributor, and, 9 March 
1 88 1, the Durham Social Library was organized. The books of 
all the libraries were kept in the Congregational Church and 
Maj. H. H. Mellon was Hlirarian. The Durham Library Associa- 



276 HISTORY OF DURHAM 

tion was incorporated 8 March 1883, and the Richardson law- 
office and land were purchased, the building remodeled, and the 
upper floor leased to Scammell Grange. Maj. H. B. Mellen 
continued as librarian on the lower floor, and he was succeeded 
by Hon. Joshua B. Smith, Miss Mary E. Smith and Miss Char- 
lotte A. Thompson. 

Mrs. Lydia Simpson died in 1895 and left about $8,000 to the 
Durham Library Association, in trust, the income to be used. 
March 8, 1892, the town voted to accept the provisions of an act 
to establish free libraries. 

March 18, 1893, the town and Durham Library Association 
signed a contract, securing the union of the library of the town 
with that of the association. 

January 13, 1906, a contract was signed by the New Hampshire 
College, the town of Durham and the Durham Library Associa- 
tion, whereby the three libraries were consolidated, all three 
contributing toward its support. The running expenses are 
paid by the college, and the library is open to all the citizens of 
Durham. The funds for the Hamilton Smith Public Library 
building were contributed by Hamilton Smith and Andrew 
Carnegie, and the building was furnished by the State of New 
Hampshire. There are 30,000 volumes in the library, five daily 
papers, twenty New Hampshire weekly papers and a large num- 
ber of magazines. Thus it is seen that Durham has exceptional 
library advantages. 

In connection with the libraries of Durham honorable mention 
should be made of Maj. Henry B. Mellen, who was born in 
Durham 2 March 1828. He served during the Civil War in the 
Second California Cavalry, continuing in military service till 
4 October 1872, when he was retired "for loss of right foot at 
ankle and left leg below the knee, from injuries rceived in line 
of duty." His service was in California, Louisiana and Texas, 
and he had charge of the erection of several frontier forts. Begin- 
ning as first lieutenant, he gradually rose to the rank of major. 
Soon after his retirement he settled in Durham and became 
interested in the Library Association, serving gratuitously as 
librarian and on the book committee. He died in Durham 20 
June 1907, aged 78. 



LAWYERS AND LAW STUDENTS OF DURHAM 

Ichabod Bartlett was born in Salisbur>-, 24 July 1786. He 
graduated at Dartmouth in 1808 and was admitted to the bar 
in 1812, beginning at once to practise law in Durham. He 
removed to Portsmouth about 1818, where he resided till his 
death, 19 October 1853. He was one of the ablest lawyers in 
the State. He was clerk of the senate in 181 7 and 1818, rep- 
resentative from Portsmouth seven times and speaker of the 
house in 1 82 1. In 1822 he was elected to Congress and served as 
representative three terms. 

James Bartlett was born in Salisbury, 14 August 1792. He 
graduated at Dartmouth in 18 12 and studied law with his brother, 
Ichabod Bartlett, in Durham, and practised in partnership 
with him a few years. He was appointed registrar of probate 
for Strafford County in 181 9 and removed to Dover. He married, 
28 June 1820, Jane, daughter of Joshua Ballard of Durham. 
He served four terms as representative from Dover in the legis- 
lature, 1823-26 and as State senator, 1827-28. He married 
(2) June 1831, Jane AL, daughter of George Andrews of Dover. 

William Boardman was born in Newmarket, 31 July 1779* 
He was educated at Phillips Academy, Exeter, and studied law 
with Ebenezer Smith in Durham. He began practice in Farm- 
in gton about 1806 and within two years returned to Newmarket, 
where he died soon after. 

Joseph Clark was born in Columbia, Conn., 9 March 1759, 
and graduated at Dartmouth in 1785. He studied law with 
Gen. John Sullivan and began practice at Rochester about 1788. 
About 1 8 10 he removed to his native town, where he died, 21 
December 1828. 

Nathaniel Cogswell was born in Haverhill, Mass., 9 January 
1773. He graduated at Dartmouth in 1794 and studied law 
with Ebenezer Smith in Durham. He commenced practice in 
Gilmanton, in 1805, and removed to Newburyport, Mass., 
about 1808, where he died in 1813 or 1814. 

Richard Ela was the son of Joseph and Sarah (Emerson) 
Ela, born in Lebanon, 21 February 1796. He studied law with 
Ichabod Bartlett in Durham and was admitted to the bar in 

277 



278 • HISTORY OF DURHAM 

1819. He practised law in Durham from 1819 to 1830. He 
removed to Portsmouth, and in 1835 he was appointed to a posi- 
tion in the Treasury Department in Washington. He died in 
Washington, D. C, 8 January 1863. 

Peter French was born in Sandown in 1759. He graduated 
at Harvard in 1781. He studied law with Gen. John Sulliv^an 
and practised for a short time in Durham. He died in Maine. 

John Ham was born in Dover, 30 December 1774. He gradu- 
ated at Dartmouth in 1797 and studied law with Ebenezer Smith 
at Durham. He was admitted to the bar in 1800 and began 
practice at Gilmanton, where he died 7 March 1837. He served 
as selectman, member of the legislature, and trustee of Gilman- 
ton Academy. 

Winthrop Atkinson Marston was born in Nottingham, 14 
June 1804. He studied law in Durham, in the office of Stephen 
Mitchell. He was admitted about 1829 and practised law at 
Somersworth and Dover. He died 30 March 1850 at Somers- 
worth. 

Stephen Mitchell, son of Benjamin and Martha (Steele) 
Mitchell, was born in Peterborough, 29 March 1780. He gradu- 
ated at Williams College in 1801 and studied law with his uncle, 
Jonathan Steele, in Durham, where he began practice in 1805. 
In behalf of his townsmen he made the address of welcome to 
Gen. Lafayette, in the summer of 1825, in a "very handsome 
and appropriate manner." He taught school in Durham in 
1802. He married, 9 November 1809, Sarah, daughter of 
Joseph Mills of Deerfield, born 22 June 1 788. He died in Durham 
18 February 1833. He was one of the incorporators of Durham 
Academy and a member of the Congregational Church, whence 
he and his wife took letters in 1830, recommending them to the 
Episcopal Church in Portsmouth. 

Moses Parsons was born in Newbury, Mass., 13 May 1744. 
He graduated at Harvard in 1765 and studied law with Gen. 
John Sullivan, practising in Newmarket and Durham. He re- 
moved to Amherst, N. H., in 1773, and was a delegate from that 
town to the third and fourth Provincial Congresses. He is 
said to have been in Kingston in 1775, in Newmarket in 1778 
and in Massachusetts in 1779. Governor Bell relates the fol- 
lowing story about him. "When he was once about to return 
to Durham from a visit to his father, the latter gave him some 



HISTORY OF DURHAM 279 

seasonable religious advice. 'That reminds me,' replied the son, 
rather irreverently "of my mortality. I have one request to make. 
If I die at Durham, don't bury me there.' His father answered 
that it was of little consequence where the body was deposited, 
if the soul was properly fitted for the other world. 'True,' 
responded his son, 'but the people of Durham are so uncivilized 
and quarrelsome that I should be ashamed to be seen rising in 
their company at the last day.'" 

John Adams Richardson was born in Durham, 18 November 
1797. He was son of Capt. Joseph Richardson, who was born 
in Boston, 25 December 1756, and married Sarah Hanson of 
Dover. He graduated at Dartmouth in 1819. He was a teacher 
in Haverhill, Mass., in 1818 and 1820 and read law there with 
John Varnum. He was admitted to the bar in 1823 and at once 
began practice in his native town, continuing therein till his 
death, 25 August 1877. In 1846 he was clerk of the state senate. 
In the latter years of his life he was president of the bar associa- 
tion of Strafford County. He is described as a very social and 
gentlemanly man, having a fondness for the peaceful side of the 
law, and a reader of general literature. He married (i) Marcia 
A., daughter of Maj. Alexander and Sally (Adams) Rice of 
Kittery and had two daughters, Marcia and Frances. His 
first wife died 8 October 1832, and he married (2) in 1835, Mrs. 
Frances J., daughter of Hon. Daniel Farrand of Burlington, Vt., 
and widow of Rev. Thomas J. Murdock. 

Arthur Rogers was the son of Maj. Robert Rogers, who be- 
came celebrated in the last French and Indian War of 1754 as a 
leader of a company of rangers. He was born in 1770 and studied 
law with Gen. John Sullivan in Durham and with Edward St. 
Loe Livermore of Concord, where he began practice in 1793. 
He removed to Barrington in 1794, to Pembroke in 1797, to 
Plymouth in 1800, to Pembroke again in 1803, to Concord in 
1812 and to Portsmouth in 1S32, where he died in 1841. 

Hon. Ebenezer Smith was born at the garrison house in Lubber- 
land, Durham, 13 March 1758, son of Dea. Ebenezer Smith. 
He was educated at Dummer Academy, Byfield, Mass., and 
studied law with Gen. John Sullivan, beginning practice in 
1783. He was the secretary of Gen. Sullivan while the latter 
was a member of Congress, 1780-81. He served his native town 
as moderator, selectman seven years, representative six years. 



280 HISTORY OF DURHAM 

He was councilor two years, justice of the Court of Common 
Pleas, 1784-87, aide on the stafif of Governor Oilman in 1798, 
and president of the bar association of Strafford County nearly 
twenty years. According to Governor Bell he was "very sucess- 
ful in his profession and became one of the most prominent 
lawyers in his section of the State." In 1783 he purchased the 
Thomas Pinkham residence in Durham village and built an 
office west of the house, which was used in recent times as a 
grocery store with tenement overhead. This real estate is now 
owned by George W. Jennings of New York. Mr. Smith died 
in Durham, 24 September 1831. [See Genealogical Notes.] 

Hamilton Smith, born in Durham 19 September 1804, grad- 
uated at Dartmouth College in 1829 and studied law in Wash- 
ington, D. C, with Levi Woodbury, senator from New Hamp- 
shire, and with William Wirt of Virginia. In 1832 he went to 
Louisville, Ky., where he practised law and engaged in business 
enterprises, being president of corporations that owned cotton 
mills and coal mines. He removed to Cannelton, Ind., in 1851. 
He served as a member of the Indiana legislature in 1858 and 
was a delegate to the National Democratic Convention at 
Chicago in 1864 and to the similar convention at New York in 
1868. He died in Washington, D. C, 7 February 1875, after 
an honorable and successful career in law and business. For 
family see Genealogical Notes. 

Judge Jonathan Steele, son of Capt. David and Janet (Little) 
Steele, was born in Londonderry, N. H., 3 September 1760. 
He studied law with Gen. John Sullivan and was admitted to 
the bar in 1787, practising in Nottingham and Durham. He 
married, Lydia, only daughter of Gen. Sullivan. He first rented 
a small house near the Durham ship yard. As his fortunes 
improved he bought one half of the house lot of Ephraim Folsom 
deceased, where he was living before 12 March 1790. This 
house was burnt in 1867 after passing into the possession suc- 
cessively of James Durgin, Jr., Dr. Jedediah Ingalls, Samuel 
Dunster, Ira Cheney and Mrs. Alfred Chesley. This lot was 
opposite the residence of Mrs. Hamilton Smith. Judge Steele 
served some time as clerk of court, but declined the position of 
United States attorney for the District of New Hampshire. He 
was a justice of the Superior Court from 1810 to 1812, but the 
position was uncongenial and the salary was insufficient. So 



HISTORY OF DURHAM 28 1 

he resigned the office and spent his last days in the practice of 
law in Durham and in the care of his farm and residence, which 
he built, now occupied by Mrs. Joseph \V. Coe. He is said to have 
been diffident and sensitive to criticism. As a lawyer he had 
more than ordinary learning and skill. He died in Durham, 
3 September 1824. 

David Steele, nephew to Judge Steele, was born in Peter- 
borough 27 November 1793 and studied law with Stephen Mitchell 
in Durham. He was admitted to the bar in 1824 and settled in 
New Durham in 1825. He removed to Dover in 1850, and died 
there 6 July 1882. 

Jonathan Steele, another nephew of Judge Steele, was born in 
Peterborough 8 February 1792 and graduated at Williams College 
in 181 1. He studied with Stephen Mitchell of Durham and 
Charles H, Atherton of Nashua. He was admitted in 1815 
and practised in Epsom and Sandwich. He was solicitor of 
Rockingham County, 1818-23 and died at Epsom September 
1858. 

Gen. John Sullivan, who was the most prominent lawyer 
Durham ever had, needs no further mention here. See chapter 
on Military History. 

George Sullivan, son of Gen. John Sullivan, was born in Dur- 
ham 29 August 1 77 1. He graduated at Harvard in 1790 and 
studied law with his father. He commenced practice at Exeter 
in 1793 or 1794, was county solicitor in 1802, representative 
in 1805 ,and attorney general two years. In 181 1 he was elected 
a member of Congress. In i8i4-i5.he was State senator, and 
served again as attorney general from 181 5 till his resignation 
twenty years later. He died at Exeter, 14 April 1838. Governor 
Bell says, "By universal consent he ranked among the half 
a dozen foremost lawyers in the State. " 

John Thompson was born in Durham 2 December 1801. He 
was educated at Phillips Academy and Harvard, where he was 
graduated in 1822. He studied law with Stephen Mitchell of 
Durham and with Levi Woodbury of Portsmouth. In 1825 he 
established himself as a lawyer in Center Harbor, where he died, 
unmarried 22 January 1854. His house took fire and, in trying 
to save a chair which he valued as a gift from his mother, he 
perished in the flames. 

James Underwood is supposed to have been son of James 



282 HISTORY OF DURHAM 

Underwood of Litchfield. He read law in the office of Wiseman 
Clagett of Litchfield and in that of Gen. John Sullivan. He was 
with the party that captured the stores at Fort William and 
Mary, December 1774, and afterward enlisted in the army and 
served at Cambridge. In 1776 he became adjutant of Col. 
Joshua Wingate's regiment raised for the Canada campaign. 
He practised law in Bedford about six years and is said to have 
become insane. 

John Sullivan Wells, son of Edward and Margery (Hardy) 
Wells, grandson of Theophilus and Margery (Sullivan) Hardy, 
was born in Durham, 18 October 1803. He practised law in 
Lancaster and in Exeter, where he died i August i860. He was 
admitted to the bar in 1828 and first practised at Guildhall, 
Vt., for seven years. Thence he removed to Bangor, Me., and 
in 1836 to Lancaster. He soon became county attorney and 
served two terms. He was representative in the legislature, 
1839-41, being speaker of the house the last year. He was ap- 
pointed attorney general in 1847 and resigned within a few 
months. In 1851 and 1852 he was president of the State senate. 
In January 1855 he was appointed L^nited States senator to fill 
a vacancy and served till the following March. He was a candi- 
date for Governor in 1856 and 1857, but was defeated. Dart- 
mouth College conferred on him the honorary degree of A. M. 
in 1857. As a lawyer he was successful, and he was distinguished 
for his work as jury lawyer. 

John Smith Woodman was educated for the law, but turned 
from this vocation to that of teaching and so is mentioned else- 
where in this book. 

Col. John W. Kingman, who once lived in Durham, in the Coe 
house, practised law with Daniel M. Christie in Dover. He 
served in the Civil War with distinction as a colonel. He married 
a daughter of Mr. Christie and removed to the West, serving as 
United States judge in Wyoming for a time. He then removed 
to Iowa and died at Cedar Falls at the age of 82 years. 

James F. Joy was a native of Durham, who became a 
very able lawyer in Detroit, Mich. He was born 2 December 
1810, son of James and Sarah (Pickering) Joy. He was gradu- 
ated at Dartmouth in 1833 and studied for a year at the law 
school of Harvard. He then taught in Pittsfield Academy and 
as tutor of Latin at Dartmouth College. He completed his 




Hon. James F. Jov 



284 HISTORY OF DURHAM 

Studies at Harvard and in 1836 entered the law office of Augustus 
B. Porter in Detroit and was admitted to the bar the following 
year. He became interested in railroad construction and secured 
the building of the Michigan Central, and also organized the 
Chicago, Burlington and Quincy Railroad. Several other lines 
are due to his activity. He nominated James G. Blaine for the 
presidency. He was a large owner of real estate and railroad 
stock and was numbered among the millionaires. He was also 
a classical scholar and a profound student of railroad law. All 
this did not hinder his serving one term in the State legislature 
nor from taking an active part in the Congregational Church. 
Mr. Joy drew the will of Benjamin Thompson, his cousin, and 
was one of the executors of the same. He came on and gave a 
public address in the State House at Concord in behalf of the 
acceptance of the terms of the will, thus helping to secure the 
College of Agriculture and Mechanic Arts. Mr. Joy received 
the honorary degree of LL. D. from Harvard, Iowa University 
and University of Michigan, all in 1869. 



PHYSICIANS 

The records are not abundant concerning those who have 
practised medicine in Durham. The knowledge we have is 
derived from incidental mention in town records and elsewhere. 

The first physician, of whom we have any knowledge, was the 
Rev. John Buss. Most of the ministers of his time had some 
training in medicine as well as theology, like many of the mis- 
sionaries now sent out to foreign lands. Hence John Buss cared 
for both body and soul in Wells and Oyster River, In a deposi- 
tion, dated 1705, he is called Dr. Buss. He lived beyond the 
age of ninety-eight, and the town assisted in his support in his 
old age and in the support of his widow for many \'ears, not be- 
cause he had been a physician, but in consideration of the fact 
that he had been the settled minister. 

Dr. Jonathan Crosby is mentioned 22 October 17 18, when 
he bought land of James and Mary Burnham. He sold this 
land to the Rev. Hugh Adams, living on lot adjoining. The 
Dover records say that he had wife, Hannah, and children born 
as follows: Jonathan, born 16 August 17 19; John, born 3 October 
1721, and Sarah, born 18 January 1723 4. His marriage in- 
tentions with Mary Dill were recorded in York, Me., 16 August 
1729, and he had children, Daniel and Elizabeth, baptized in 
Dover, 4 July 1731. Since his daughter, Sarah, was baptized 
in Dover 2 February 1724, it is probable that he removed to 
Dover before that date. He sold his eighteen acres at Oyster 
River to Joseph and Samuel Smith, 18 September 1722, and 
bought of Joshua Cromwell twelve acres on Dover Neck, 21 
August 1723. He and wife, Mary, sold this, 16 July 1731, to 
Nicholas Hartford and probably left Doxer about this time. 
June I, 1723, the House and Council "allowed Docf Crosby 
for administering tX) the men under Capt. Gilmans Command 
as per his ace' on file £1,12,11." 

The Rev. Hugh Adams was something of a physician. He 
makes mention of practising the healing art at Georgetown, Me., 
on the famous Sebastian Rasles before he settled in Durham. 
He probably taught his son, Samuel, the greater part of his 

285 



286 HISTORY OF DURHAM 

theoretical knowledge of medicine, and Dr. Crosby, living at 
the next house, may have done the rest. Cf. pages 189-91. 

Dr. Samuel Adams built the so-called Sullivan house and 
practised medicine till his death in 1762. The following bill 
in his own hand-writing, has been preserved. "March the 25*^ 
1759 — Sam^' Demerit D'' to Sam" Adams for a visit Blooding 
& medicians Aply*' to him £5 =0=0 old Tenor." The Province 
papers mention Dr. Adams repeatedly as ministering to soldiers. 
For further particulars see Genealogical Notes. 

Dr. Samuel Merrow, son of Henry and Jane (Wallis, or Wal- 
lace) Merrow, was born in Reading, Mass., 9 October 1670. His 
father was probably one of the Scotchmen sent to Boston in 
1 65 1. Dr. Samuel Merrow began practice in Dover about 1720 
and lived within the Oyster River parish till about 1733. He 
removed to Rochester, N. H., and died there about 1740. 

Dr. Joseph Atkinson came to Durham about the year 1734 
and bought the Huckins farm, on the road to Madbury, and 
probably built the house still standing. He married the widow 
of Timothy Emerson and had no children. He married (2), 
9 December 1777, Elizabeth Waldron and died in 1780. His 
widow married, 15 June 1788, John Heard Bartlett of Kittery, 
now Eliot, Me. Dr. Atkinson was one of the selectmen in 1742 and 
1743, and was moderator of town meetings in 1762-64, 1771, 
1773-74. Judge Ebenezer Thompson, who studied medicine 
with him and settled his estate, acquired his real estate by 
purchase from the heirs, and perhaps some property was given 
by Dr. Atkinson to his young friend. 

The Rev. John Adams practised medicine to some extent, 
especially after he removed from Durham to Newfield, Me. 

Dr. Stephen Swett was born in that part of Exeter which is 
now Newmarket, 3 January 1733/4, son of Moses and Hannah 
(Swett) Swett. He married, 8 August 1756, Sarah, daughter of 
Dr. Samuel Adams, and probably learned the arts of a physician 
from his father-in-law. He is named in 1757 as a soldier or 
militiaman under command of Samuel Demeritt, ordered to be 
fitted and ready to march at a quarter of an hour's notice. It 
is probable that he practised medicine in Durham to some extent, 
since his first two children were born there. He lived in Pembroke 
and Epsom, N. H., and removed to Gorham, Me., about 1770. 
Here he was the first and only physician for many years. He 



HISTORY OF DURHAM 287 

served as surgeon in Col. Edniund Phinncy's Thirty-first regi- 
ment of foot for three months in 1775, going to Cambridge, 
and on the sixth of October of that year was recommended by 
Gen. Washington for a surgeon's commission, which one of his 
descendants still possesses. In his old age he lived for a short 
time in Windham, Me., and died in Otisfield, Me., 6 January 
1807, at the house of his son, William, who was then keeping a 
store on Otisfield Hill. He has a host of descendants, among 
them the writer of this book.* 

Dr. Samuel Wigglesworth, son of the Rev. Samuel Wiggles- 
worth of Ipswich, Mass., was born 25 August 1734 and was 
graduated from Harvard in 1752. After practising medicine 
in Ipswich a short time he removed to Dover about 1768. He 
was evidently living in Durham in 1774, for then "Dr. Samuel 
Wigglesworth" appears as one of the Association Test Com- 
mittee. He was taxed in Durham in 1777. He was a surgeon 
in the Revolutionary Army, in two difterent regiments. He 
married, 9 September 1779, Mary, daughter of George Waldron 
of Dover, where he taught school and practised as a physician 
till about 1792. Then he settled in Lee, where he died about 1800. 

Dr. Samuel Shepard is mentioned in 1762. He married Eliza- 
beth Hill, 21 October 1761. Perhaps he was son of Samuel 
Shepard who married, 23 March 1726, Margaret Creighton and 
had son, Samuel, baptized by the Rev. Hugh Adams, 24 December 
1727. Dr. Shepard was doubtless the same who taught a school 
in Durham in 1759, for whom Dr. Samuel Adams received pay- 
June 24, 1765 Dr. Samuel Shepard conveyed to John Edgerly 
half an acre of land, with house and barn, for £1,500, "on y'' 
southerly side of y'' Falls Hill," on the Mast Road. He seems 
to have practised medicine in Nottingham at the time of the 
Revolution and afterward to "have been a Baptist minister at 
Brentwood. Rev. Samuel Shepard of Brentwood married 
Ursula Pinkham of Madbury, 11 July 1781. 

Dr. John Angier was born 11 July 1761; married in Durham, 
31 August 1794, Rebecca Drew, born lo March 1766. The fol- 
lowing children are recorded in the town book; Sophia, born 
5 June 1795; John, born 10 April 1797; Luther, born 23 March 
1799; Calvin, born 30 May 1801; Charles, born 14 March 1803, 

♦See my Swctt Genealogy, p. 42. 



288 HISTORY OF DURHAM 

and Joseph, born 24 April 1808. He lived in a house that was 
moved and is now a club house, near the college. 

Dr. Jedediah Ingalls was born in Andover, Mass., 26 July 
1768 and graduated at Harvard in 1793. He commenced medical 
practice in Durham in 1796 and died there i August 1847. He 
married, 3 February 1802, Eliza Currier of Gilmanton. She 
died 26 October 1851. He lived just across the street from the 
Hamilton Smith house, in a house that was burned more than 
thirty years ago. He had a large practice and was regarded with 
popular favor. A daughter, Eliza, married Mr. Doyle, an 
engineer on the B. & M. R. R. Another daughter, Harriet, 
married William Fowler. A son, Charles, was a physician in 
Andover, Mass. 

Judge Ebenezer Thompson was also a physician. [See chapter 
on Leaders in the Past.] 

Dr. Richard Steele, son of Judge Jonathan Steele, was born 
in Durham, 6 January 1797. He was graduated from Dart- 
mouth College in 1815 and from the Medical College in 1825. He 
practised medicine successively at Portsmouth, Durham, Peter- 
borough, Dover, Lowell, Mass., Great Falls, N. H., Boston and 
Newbury port. He returned to Dover in 1867 and died there 
13 June 1869. 

John Oilman Pike, son of Nathaniel, grandson of John and 
great-grandson of the Rev. James Pike of Somersworth, was 
born in Somersworth, now Rollinsford, 17 August 181 7. He was 
graduated at Bowdoin Medical College in 1847, having previ- 
ously studied three years in the classical department, in the class 
of 1845. He practised at Durham, 1847-48; Salmon Falls, 
1848-68; Boston, Mass., 1858-71, and resided at Dover, N. H., 
till his death, 31 July 1905. 

Dr. Alphonso Bickford, son of 'Thomas Bickford of Dover, 
was born 12 December 1817. He was graduated at Bowdoin 
Medical College in 1837. He practised in Durham, 1837-48, 
whence he removed to Exeter, thence to Boston and thence 
after one or two years to Dover. He was Mayor of Dover in 
1861 and 1862 and Alderman in 1866 and 1867. He was a skill- 
ful physician and had an extensive practice. He died in Dover 31 
December 1869. His daughter married Elisha R. Brown of 
Dover, President of Strafiford National Bank. 

Dr. William Parker Sylvester was-born in Charlestown, Mass., 



HISTORY OF DURHAM 



289 



2 July 1 82 1. He was graduated from Bowdoin Medical College 
in 1847 and practised successively at Poland, Me., North Pownai 
Me., Durham, before 1875, Dover, 1875-78, and South Sherborn, 
Mass. He died 18 September 1894. 




Alphonso Bickfori), M.l). 



Dr. Silver is said to have practised in Durham about the time 
of the Revolution. There was later a Dr. Flanders, and Dr. 
O. G. Cilley, now of Boston, Mass., practised here. Dr. Wood- 
house of Barnstead was here a little while in the 6o's. 

Dr. Samuel H. Greene son of Simon P. and Mary Augusta 
(Smith) Greene, was born 12 February 1837 in Newmarket; 
graduated at Harvard Medical College in i860, and the same 
year settled in Durham, continuing in practice here six years. 

19 



290 HISTORY OF DURHAM 

He removed to Newmarket but still held a large practice in 
Durham. He was a selectman of Newmarket six years and 
postmaster eight years and also represented the town in the 
State legislature. He married, 12 July i860, Mattie Ross 
Baker, daughter of Andrew and Mary Jane (Sawyer) Baker 
and had one son, Walter Bryant Greene. Dr. Greene died at 
Newmarket 17 December 191 1. 

Dr. A. E. Grant was born in North Berwick, Me., 30 July 
1873. He was educated in the public schools of that town and 
in Oak Grove Seminary, Vassalboro, Me., He was graduated 
from Dartmouth Medical College in 1896 and settled in Durham 
I March 1897, where he still resides. Before him Dr. James 
Roberts and other physicians lived in Durham a short time. 



LEADERS IX THE PAST. 

Some who properly belong in this class have been sufficiently 
mentioned in previous chapters. Here can be named only a few 
of those who were prominent in the civil history of the town and 
in business activities. Valentine Hill, merchant, was admitted 
to church in Boston, the I2th of 4th month, 1636, and was made 
freeman, 13 May 1640. He had a brother, John Hill, who lived 
in London and named Valentine and other relatives in his will. 
He was proprietor, town officer and deacon in Boston, member of 
the Ancient and Honorable Artillery, and chief owner in a wharf. 
He had numerous grants of land by the town of Dover, between 
1643 and 1652, chief of which were a large tract on the north side 
of the mouth of Oyster River, the mill privilege and five hundred 
acres where Durham village now is, and the mill privilege at 
Lamprey River with accommodations of timber on land a mile 
wide on both sides of the river, for which he was to pay to the 
town twenty pounds annually. In 1660 " the house of Mr. Valen- 
tine Hill, which is his now dwelling house at Rocky Point" is 
mentioned in fixing the division line of Oyster River parish. 
This must have been on his tract at the mouth of the river. He 
had a house also at the Falls. 

Valentine Hill was the leading man of Oyster River for more 
than a dozen years. He built the first church. He was a select- 
man in 1 65 1 a-nd 1657. He was deputy to the General Court at 
Boston from 1652 to 1657, inclusive. By petition of the inhabi- 
tants of Dover he was made one of the associate judges in 1652 
and probably continued in that office till his death in 1661. For 
further particulars concerning him see incidental mentions in 
this history and especially the Genealogical Notes. 

Capt. John Woodman came from Xewbury, Mass., as early 
as 1656. When the inhabitants of Oyster River petitioned to 
be made a separate parish they sent John Woodman to represent 
them at the General Court. He was selectman of Dover seven 
years, moderator of the town meeting in 1675, justice of the 
peace, and deputy to the Provincial Assembly in i68.^, when 
resistance was made to the oppression of Cranfield. Upon the 
overthrow of Andres, a convention was called to form a govern- 

291 



292 HISTORY OF DURHAM 

ment, and Capt. John Woodman's name appears at the head of 
the Dover delegation of six. This convention drew up a form of 
government, one branch of which was to be a Council, and in 
January 1690, Mr. Woodman was chosen a member of this Coun- 
cil. He was again provincial deputy from 1692 to 1696, 1699, 
1703, to the time of his death in 1706. He was also justice of 
the peace and a justice of the Court of Common Pleas, 1 702-1 706. 
He held a commission as captain prior to 1690, which was renewed 
several times. His garrison was one of the most noted, resisting 
all attacks and continuing till it was accidentally burned in 1896. 
He was a wise and trusted leader in councils of war and of peace. 
[See Genealogical Notes.] 

Col. James Davis was born at the garrison house near the 
mouth of Oyster River, 23 May 1662, and died at the same place 
8 September 1749. His career was one of marked activity and 
leadership and shows him to have been a man of superior abilities, 
which were readily recognized by his fellows. His name gleams 
brightly from the pages of colonial military history and appears 
upon the records of New Hampshire as one of the most important 
in the formative period of the state. He participated actively 
in the affairs of town and colony. Before reaching the age of 
twenty he had organized and led scouting parties against the 
Indians for the defence of the colony and had received the rank 
of lieutenant. This rank was recognized by the Massachusetts 
government, 19 March 1689, and renewed by Governor Usher, 20 
September 1692, extending through the period of King William's 
War. He held the rank of captain during the period of 
Queen Anne's War. In the spring of 1703 he was on a scouting 
tour in the lake regions of New Hampshire, at the head of sixty 
men, and in 1704 he took part in an expedition against the French 
and Indians in Maine, for which he received a special award of 
live pounds for honorable service. On the i8th of October 1707 
he was appointed by the New Hampshire government a member 
of the Council of War. In June 1709 he reported that one of 
his scouting party (Stevenson) was killed. In 17 10 he had com- 
mand of another scouting party of 1 10 men, when he was allowed 
nine pounds for snowshoes and moccasins. In 1712 he led a party 
of 370 men for five months. He was in one or more of the ex- 
peditions against Port Royal. Before 1719 he was advanced to 
the rank of lieutenant-colonel, and in 1720 was made colonel. 



HISTORY OF DURHAM 293 

He was moderator of the Dover town meetings in 1702, 1713, 
1715-17, 1720-21, 1 728-3 1, and moderator of tliefirsttown meeting 
held in Durham, 1732, in which capacity he served at nine of 
the following meetings. He served repeatedly as commissioner 
of highways and assessor. He was one of the selectmen of Dover 
in 1698 and 1700-01. He also was deputy to the General Court, 
1697-1701, and 1715-27. He was justice of the peace and, 9 
December 1717, was appointed judge of the Court of Common 
Pleas, which office he held at the time of his death. On account 
of disagreement with the Rev. Hugh Adams he and his wife 
withdrew from the church at Oyster River and joined the church 
at Dover, in 1723. 

Col. Davis received large grants of land in Dover, Durham, 
Madbury, Rochester, Barnstead, Canterbury and Bow. In 
1694 he had a one-eighth share in the entire Lamprey River for 
the purpose of erecting saw-mills. His lands and riches he dis- 
tributed among his sons and daughter. [See his will and Genea- 
logical Notes.] Altogether he was the most prominent man of 
his time in Durham, and few were his equals in the Province of 
New Hampshire. Strength, courage, conscientiousness, intelli- 
gence, enterprise and an iron will mark his career. 

Capt. Francis Mathes was the leading man at the "Point" 
for many years. He served as selectman in Dover thirteen years 
and four years in Durham. He was deputy, or representative, 
1728-30 and 1731-32, and moderator in 1728. He was the town 
clerk of Durham from its first meeting, 26 June 1732. until 29 
March 1736. He is called "Sargent" in 1707, "Ensign" in 1714, 
"Captain" in 1728. Frequent and honorable mention is made 
of his services in the State and Provincial Papers. He was active 
in religious affairs, promoting the building of a meeting house at 
Durham Point, on his own land, and he sought to make the Point 
District a separate parish, in 1739. He was one of the proprietors 
of Rochester and was chosen chairmen of its first board of select- 
men, in 1727. Some of the meetings of the proprietors were 
held in Durham. [See Genealogical Notes for further particulars.] 

Capt. Jonathan Thompson's name appears on the muster roll 
of Capt. James Davis in 1712. He was selectman in Dover, 
1729-30, and in Durham, 1732-4J and 1746. He acted as 
moderator in 1733, 1737 and 1745. He was representative in 
the General Court, 1741-44 and 1748-51, when he served on a 



294 HISTORY OF DURHAM 

large number of committees. He was a deacon in the church 
during the pastorate of the Rev. Hugh Adams but withdrew and 
joined the church at Dover when the Rev. John Adams became 
pastor. He died in 1757, aged about 64. 

Col. Samuel Smith, son of Joseph, was born 16 June 1687, 
and lived on the ancestral farm on the north side of Oyster River, 
where he died 2 May 1760. He was selectman of Dover in 1727- 
28 and 1731-32, and was chairman of the first board of selectmen 
in Durham, 1732, being reelected in 1734, 1735, 1737 and from 
1744 to 1752 inclusive. Five times he served as moderator of 
town meetings. He was town clerk from 29 May 1736 until his 
death. He was councilor from 13 January 1742 till 2 May 1760. 
He also served as colonel in the militia. 

Hon. John Smith, 3d, was born 24 December 1737, called 
"Master" John Smith from the fact that he taught school. He 
inherited the Smith homestead nearly opposite the Sullivan 
monument, where later lived Maj. Seth H. Walker and, more 
recently, John Drew. He died 24 May 1 791 . He was town clerk 
1774-91, dying in office. He was selectman thirteen years, 
beginning with 1766, and representative from 1776 till 1782. 
He was a member of the town's Committee of Correspondence, 
Inspection and Safety, 1774-79, delegate to the third congress 
at Exeter, 1775, clerk of the House of Representatives, 1781-83, 
member of the New Hampshire Committee of Safety, 1776-77 
and 1781-84. He was justice of the peace after 1780 and regis- 
trar of deeds for Strafford County, 1781-91. A petition that he 
be appointed justice of the peace was signed by eighty-one of his 
townsmen, stating that he was a "Gentleman who has not only 
distinguished himself as a patriot but from his early youth by an 
upright and irreproachable conduct gained the Esteem and Con- 
fidence of all his fellow citizens who have had the pleasure of his 
acquaintance." It adds, "The proficiency he has made in Litera- 
ture is not equalled by many." [See N. H. Town Papers, XI, 

592-94-] 

Hon. George Frost, born at Newcastle 26 July 1720, was son 

of Hon. John and Mary (Pepperrell) Frost. Upon the organiza- 
tion of Strafford County, in 1773, he was appointed one of the 
associate justices of the Court of Common Pleas and held that 
office till 1791, for the last few years being chief justice. He was 
delegate to the Continental Congress in 1777, 1778 and 1779, 



HISTORY OF DURHAM 295 

councilor in New Hampshire, 1780-84, moderator of town meet- 
ings seven times, selectman four times. He was delegate to the 
fourth Prov^incial Congress convened at Exeter 17 May 1775. 
He was also a member of the town's Committee of Correspondence 
Inspection and Safety. He lived in the Smith garrison at 
Lubberland, having married Margaret, widow of Dea. Ebenezer 
Smith. [See Genealogical Notes.] 

Judge Ebenezer Thompson was born in Durham 5 March 
1737. He studied medicine but soon abandoned medical practice 
for public duties. He was elected one of the selectmen at the 
age of twenty-eight and held that office ten years, by annual 
reelection. He also represented for ten }ears the town of Durham 
in the General Assembly at Portsmouth, beginning this service 
in 1766. He took an active part in the events that led up to 
the American Revolution. He was among those who seized the 
military stores at Fort William and Mary, 14 December 1774, 
for which he was deprived of his commission as justice of the 
peace. He was a member of all the Provincial Congresses that 
met at Exeter and acted as clerk, and after the formation of a 
state government he was the first secretary of State, reappointed 
for eleven years in succession. He was also clerk of the senate 
from 1776 to 1786. He was secretary of the State Committee of 
Safety all through the Revolutionary- War and was also a member 
of the Durham Committee of Correspondence, Inspection, and 
Safety. He was one of the committee to draw up a plan of govern- 
ment for New Hampshire and to frame a constitution. He held 
the office of councilor for five years. He was a commissioner to 
meet delegates from other states at New Haven in 1778. He 
was employed to settle the boundaries of several towns, being an 
expert land surveyor and draughtsman. He drew the plans for 
the church built at Durham in 1792. Twice he was appointed 
to represent the State of New Hampshire in the Continental 
Congress, but he declined these honors because of feeble health. 
He was State senator, justice of the Inferior Court of Common 
Pleas and in 1795 justice of the Superior Court of Judicature. 
In 1796 he accepted the office of judge of the Court of Common 
Pleas for Strafford County and held it till his death in 1802. In 
the midst of all these cares of State he found time to serve his town 
as clerk for eighteen years, selectman, assessor of taxes, commis- 
sioner and auditor, besides being on most of the committees of 



296 



HISTORY OF DURHAM 



the parish and acting as one of the school committee. He was 
often consulted for legal advice, though he never was admitted 
to the bar. He was one of the presidential electors at the choice 
of Washington and also of Adams. No native of Durham has 
held so many public offices nor won more esteem from his fellow 




Judge Valentine Smith 



citizens. His record is one of honesty, patriotism, unusual ability 
and usefulness.* 

Judge Valentine Smith was born in Durham (Lubberland) 
26 May 1774, son of Dea. John Smith, and died 2 March 1869. 
He was town clerk twenty-eight years, from 1802 to 1819, and 
from 1827 to 1838. Besides being teacher and surveyor he served 

*Sea Memoir published by Miss Mary P. Tliompson. 



HISTORY OF DURHAM 



297 



as selectman eleven years and as representative six years. He was 
justice of the Court of Common Pleas, 1819-21, chief justice of 
Sessions, 1822-25, and was for fifty-six years a justice of the 
peace. He was interested and helpful in the church, in education 
and in tjie Durham Social Library, a highly useful citizen fJ*^ 

Hon. Stephen DeMeritt was born 19 December 1806, and died 
27 January 1867. He took an active part in town affairs and 




Hon. Stephen DeMeritt 



was often employed in the settlement of estates, being named 
in 1856 as one of tiie executors of Benjamin Thompson's will. 
He died, however, before Mr. Thompson. He served as 
moderator in town meetings seven times, and selectman in 
1836, 1837, 1841, 1843, 1844, and 1850. He represented the 
town in the legislature in 1837, 1838, and 1844, once being 
unanimously elected, and was State senator in 1845. He is 



298 HISTORY OF DURHAM 

remembered as honest, able and popular, a strong friend of the 
temperance cause and a man whose influence was for the good 
of the town. [See Genealogical Notes.] 

Prof. John Smith Woodman was born 6 September 1819, and 
died 9 May 1871. He fitted for college at South Berwick Academy 
and was graduated at Dartmouth in 1842, after which he studied 
law with John A, Richardson, Esq., and with Hon. Daniel 
M. Christie. Meanwhile, he taught four years in Charleston, 
S. C, and went abroad, traveling for more than a year in France, 
Belgium, Holland, Switzerland, and Italy, publishing his Obser- 
vations in the New Hampshire Patriot and the Charleston News. 
He made a special study of art and agriculture. He was ad- 
mitted to the bar in 1848 and opened an office at Salmon Falls. 
In 1850 he was appointed commissioner of schools for Strafford 
County. In January 1851 he was chosen professor of mathe- 
matics in Dartmouth College and in 1857 was made professor of 
civil engineering, to have general charge of the Chandler Scien- 
tific Department of Dartmouth College. 

Meanwhile he had served as commissioner of schools for 
Grafton County with remarkable success. After twenty years 
of service in the Scientific Department of Dartmouth he retired 
because of ill health and went to Florida for a short time. He 
returned to Durham and to the old Woodman homestead to end 
his days and was buried in the Woodman cemetery. He was 
probably the most prominent and successful educator that Dur- 
ham has produced. His property, amounting to some $20,000, 
was bequeathed to the institution he had served so long and well. 

Benjamin Thompson was born at Durham 22 April 1806, 
and died there 30 January 1890. He was never married. His 
father was Benjamin, and his grandfather was Judge Ebenezer 
Thompson, mentioned heretofore. He inherited, among other 
property, his father's residence in Durham village, with neigh- 
boring lands, and the so-called "Warner farm," originally a part 
of the 500 acres granted to Valentine Hill. By strict economy 
and good management in the course of half a century he in- 
creased his property tp over $400,000. He taught school two 
terms in his youth. No public office was held by him save that 
of auditor one year. He was never strong physically. Nearly all 
his property was willed to the State of New Hampshire in trust, 
"The object of this devise being to promote the cause of agri- 



HISTORY OF DURHAM 



299 



culture by establishing ... an agricultural school to be 
located on my Warner farm, so called, and situated in said Dur- 
ham, wherein shall be thoroughly taught, both in the school-room 
and in the field, the theory and practice of that most useful and 
honorable calling." The real estate so bequeathed was valued 




1 liNJAMlX IHOMPSU.N 



at $17,100, and the Benjamin Thompson Trust Fund amounted 
to $363, 823. Thus he very wisely chose to perpetuate his 
memory by honoring his natixc town and conferring blessings 
upon untold generations. 

Hamilton Augustus Mathes was born i() Jul>- 1843, son of 
John and Pamela (Mathes) Mathes, and died 2 December 1891. 



300 



HISTORY OF DURHAM 



He was educated at Colby Academy, New London. He filled 
various offices in the town of Durham, being moderator of town 
meetings seven times, selectman in 1871-72, supervisor 1878-82, 
and treasurer, 1872, 1885 to 1890. He was one of the prime 
movers in establishing the Durham Social Library and was its 
president till his death, in ten years having missed only one 
meeting of the board. He began to manufacture brick at the 




Hamilton A. Mathes 



age of twenty-one and the last year of his life he sold 8,000,000 
of bricks. He was president of the Pascataqua Navigation Com- 
pany, which he helped to organize. He lived at Durham Point 
till about 1883, when he removed to the village. He employed 
about 200 men in his five brickyards. He was actively interested 
in the work of the Grange and was an influential member of the 
Congregational Society. 



HISTORY OF DURHAM 3OI 

Miss Mary Pickering Thompson was born in Durliam 19 
November 1825, and died tiiere 6 June 1894, daughter of 
Ebenezer and Jane (Demeritt) Thompson, great-grand-daughter 
of Judge Ebenezer Thompson. After studying at Derry and 
Durham Academies, where she took first rank, she attended 
Mount Holyoke Female Seminary, where she graduated with 
honor in 1845. A little later she took post-graduate studies at 
the same institution, then under charge of that famous educator, 
Mary Lyon. She taught at Oakland Female Seminary, Hills- 
borough, Ohio, and at Aberdeen, Ohio. Here, in 1847, she asked 




Miss Mary Pickering Thompson 

for a letter from the Congregational Church in Durham to the 
Presbyterian Church in Maysviile, Ky.. just across the ri\er 
from Aberdeen. Her request was refused on the ground that 
"Maysviile is in a slave state, and the Presbyterian church 
there probably has members who are slave holders." This 
refusal led her to study into ecclesiastical questions, and the 
result was that she united with the Roman Catholic Church 
and, 31 August 1847, she entered the Notre Dame Convent 
at Cincinnati, Ohio. She taught for a while in the I'rsuline 
Convent at Galveston, Tex., and she was one year, as vice- 



302 HISTORY OF DURHAM 

president, at St. Mary's Female Seminary, Md. During the 
years 1854-56 and again in 1873-77 she traveled in France, 
Italy, Switzerland, Germany, Austria, Spain, Belgium, and 
Holland. The rest of the time during this period and there- 
after she spent in literary work at the house which she purchased 
in Durham village, and in such work, which was her delight, she 
excelled in quantity and quality. She contributed one hundred 
and thirty-five articles to the Catholic World, historical, biograph- 
ical, descriptive and religious, besides many newspaper contri- 
butions. She was specially interested in everything that pertained 
to her native town and to ancient Dover, and she devoted years 
to research work among the New Hampshire Province Deeds, 
Probate Records, and Court Records, original and copious sources 
of historical information. The records of Durham and Dover 
were minutely examined by her. Wherever she looked scarcely 
anything seems to have escaped her notice. The new things of 
this history of Durham have been derived from sources printed 
or indexed since her death or from examination of places which 
she could not visit. She gathered up a great amount of inter- 
esting and valuable folk-lore and interwove it with the facts of 
history, so as to make everything she wrote interesting as a novel. 
The beauty of her style arises from the fact that she knew so 
much to say and the study of several languages enabled her to 
choose the appropriate word, while her knowledge of general 
literature is attested by constant allusions to standard prose and 
poetical works. Her Landmarks in Ancient Dover is a compen- 
dium of refined knowledge, indispensable to the historian and full 
of interest to the general reader. It was completed in the midst 
of physical pain, yet the whole work is joyous. Her Memoir of 
Judge Ebenezer Thompson shows a proper family pride and is a 
loving tribute to the memory of a distinguished ancestor. Dur- 
ham has produced many honorable and able men and women, 
but no one of them has done more for the town and merits more 
gratitude and praise than Mary Pickering Thompson. I know 
her only in the spirit, and I wish, with many others, that she could 
have lived to write this history of Durham, as was her desire 
and intention. Certainly she has contributed more than any 
other to make it as full and accurate as it is. Durham owes to 
her some permanent memorial. 

Dea. John Emerson Thompson, born 25 September 181 5, was 



HISTORY OF DURHAM 



303 



the son of Dea. John Thompson and the great-great-grandson 
of Dea. Jonathan Thompson. Thus this family has rendered 
distinguished service to the church. He served as deacon from 
the year 1870 till his death, 10 January 1892. His father held 
that ofifice forty years. The latter was a master carpenter and 
built three meeting houses, one of them being the church erected 
in Durham in 1792. His ancestor, the first John Thompson of 




Deacon John Thompson 



Durham, built the historic meeting house on (ho same spot, 
about 1712. 

Dea. John E. Thompson had a ready and tenacious memory 
and was fond of relating stories of old times and people. He 
lived about a mile from the village, near to the Jabez Davis 
garrison. He is remembered as a staunch supporter of the church 
and a useful and honored citizen. He held the office of select- 
man in 1862. The most of the old shade trees in Durham 



304 



HISTORY OF DURHAM 



Village, especially along the street next the New Hampshire 
College land, were grown and set out by him and are a good 
memorial. For family see Genealogical Notes. 

Dea. Albert Young was born in Durham 3 February 1837, 
and died 21 September 1910. He was son of Daniel and Hannah 
(Chesley) Young. His father was a soldier in the War of 18 12 




Deacon John Emerson Thompson 



and afterward kept the toll-gate on the New Hampshire Turn- 
pike, where Edward A. Marston now resides, and had a tan yard 
on the Fowler land easterly. Dea. Young was educated in 
Durham and Strafford Academies. He was an incorporator of 
the Christian Society in Durham and for many years was an 
active leader in that denomination. After services ceased in 



HISTORY OF DURHAM 



305 



the brick church he united with the Congregational church and 
was made a deacon therein in 1894, which office he held until ill 
health compelled him to resign. He managed a shoe shop and 
a good farm, the old estate of maternal ancestry. He served as 
selectman. He was also an Odd Fellow and a charter member of 
Scammell Grange. For years he was president of the George 





Deacon Albert Vuung 



Ffrost Temperance Societ>-. His memory was remarkable and 
he could tell much about the old residents and houses of Durham. 
He was a man of deep and staunch moral convictions, unselfish 
and devoted especially to home life. Patient and uncomplain- 
ing through years of ill health, he left behind the memory of an 
upright citizen and loyal friend. He left one daughter, Mary E., 
20 



HISTORY OF DURHAM 



307 



born 4 August 1869, who married 24 April 1893, Charles A. Smart, 
and has a son, Albert Monroe Smart, born 5 December 1907. 

Thomas H. Wiswall was born in Exeter 28 January 181 7, son of 
Thomas and Sarah (Trowbridge) Wiswall. He was educated in 
Exeter schools and Wakefield Academy and began apprenticeship 
at the age of sixteen in his father's paper-mill at Exeter. He 
left Exeter in 1846 and for five years had charge of a paper-mill 




Thomas H. Wiswall 

at Dover, after which he was employed two years in the Russell 
paper-mill at Exeter. In 1853 Mr. Wiswall removed to Durham 
and in partnership with Isaac Flagg, Jr., the son of his father's 
partner, purchased a saw-milfon the Lamprey River, in that part 
of Durham known as Packer's Falls. 

Here may be the proper place to say a few words respecting 
the industries of this region. In 1835 the original dam and a 



308 



HISTORY OF DURHAM 



saw-mill were built by Moses Wiggin, and another building was 
added for a grist and flour mill, both two-story buildings. In 
the second story of the saw-mill gingham cloth and blankets were 
manufactured by a Mr. Talbot. Other articles manufactured in 
these mills were shoe knives, hoes, pitch forks, wooden measures, 
nuts, bolts, bobbins, ax handles, hubs, carriages, sleighs, chairs, 
matches, and spokes, by various persons. In 1854 Moses Wiggin 
built a canal and purchased the old Brooks machine shop which 
formerly stood where Elmer Kent's stable is now, opposite Lang's 
blacksmith shop in Newmarket. This building was removed to 
Wiggin's Falls, then so called, and was the original paper-mill, 




Wiswall's Paper Mill 



a building 34 by 80 feet. It was leased the same year, with water 
power, to Messrs. Wiswall and Flagg. After three months Mr. 
Flagg sold his interest to Howard Moses, and he soon sold out 
to his father, C. C. P. Moses, and the business continued under 
the name of T. H. Wiswall & Co., until the death of Mr. Moses 
in August 1883. Previous to this Mr. Wiswall had acquired full 
ownership of all the mills, and gradually all other manufactures 
ceased, and paper became the sole product. Additions to the 
mill were made, including an L, 15 by 20 feet, and a stock house 
was built, 30 by 50 feet. In 1868 a completely new dam was built. 
Houses were erected for the workmen, and a store was kept by 



HISTORY OF DURHAM 309 

Austin Doeg. This continued to be the busiest spot in town 
till I November 1883, when the paper-mill and all adjoining build- 
ings w^ere totally destroyed by fire. Only the dam and saw-mill 
were kept in use till the spring of 1896, when a freshet swept a 
portion of the dam away. November 25, 1899, the privilege was 
sold to James W. Burnham, president of the Newmarket Electric 
Light, Heat and Power Company, and an electric power station 
was built at once, Durham seeing its first electric light, 20 
February 1900, in the houses of James W. Burnham, Mrs. Sarah 
J. Woodman (the Highland House), and the Griffiths brothers. 
The plant has been owned, since 7 April 191 2, by the New- 
market Electric Light Company, and a concrete dam and head 
gates have been built. 

Mr. Wiswall married, 22 June 1841, Miss Hannah Thing of 
Bfentwood. He was a deacon in the Congregational church at 
Newmarket, director of the Newmarket Bank and representative 
from Durham in 1872 and 1873. He retired from active business 
in 1883, and died 7 March 1906.1 

Hamilton Smith, although born in Louisville, Ky., 5 July 1840, 
regarded Durham as his own home as well as the home of a long 
line of ancestors. Here he built his summer residence and here 
he died, 4 July 1900, while on a sail down Oyster River. He 
became an expert mining engineer. His office was for years in 
London and later in New York. He was interested in mines in 
South America, Alaska and South Africa, as well as in the United 
States. He published a book on hydraulics, a treatise on "The 
Cost of Mining and Milling Free Gold Ores," and papers writ- 
ten at different times on "The Flow of Water through Pipes," 
"Water Power at High Pressure," and "The Temperature of 
Water at Various Depths." An obituary notice spoke of him 
as "one of the world's great mining experts." He gave $10,000 
for the Valentine Smith Schplarships in New Hampshire College, 
and his widow gave as much more for the dormitory for young 
ladies, called Smith Hall. Both were very fond of Durham, 
and their beautiful private grounds were open to all. Mrs. 
Alice Smith survived her husband and died in Washington, D. C, 
15 March 1906. Both were buried in a chapel built on their 
Durham estate. They were highly esteemed by the people of 

>The material for the above sketch was kindly furnished by Col. Arioch W. Griffiths. 



310 



HISTORY OF DURHAM 



Durham and will long be remembered for their kindness and 
generosity. 

Ebenezer Thompson was born in Durham 15 August 1821, 
and died 15 May 1869. He was a man of keen, active mind 
and intelligent tastes. He was educated in the academies of 
New London, South Berwick and Andover. He was specially 




Hamilton Smith 



familiar with the early history of the New England colonies and 
began to collect materials for the history of Durham. For a 
time he was with his grandfather, Benjamin Thompson, mer- 
chant, and Gov. Ichabod Goodwin, Portsmouth. In the early 
days of the Boston «& Maine Railroad he was station agent at 
South Berwick Junction, and later he was wood agent of the 



HISTORY OF DURHAM 



311 



New York and Erie Railroad, living some years at Dunkirk, 
N. Y. He returned home in 1854 and the following spring was 
elected chairman of the board of selectmen and the same year was 
appointed justice of the peace. He took a strong interest in 
politics, held several town offices and was a county commissioner. 
He was greatly interested in the public schools of the town and 
was so efficient a superintendent that he received a vote of thanks 




Ebenezer Thompson 



at the annual town meeting in 1861 "for his assiduity and interest 
taken and zeal manifested in the cause of common schools in 
this town," — one of the few votes of similar nature in the records 
of the town. In his section of countr>^ he was the pioneer in 
growing the Baldwin apple, in which he was very successful. 
He was also engaged in lumber business, insurance agent for sev- 
eral companies, and director of Newmarket National Bank and 



312 



HISTORY OF DURHAM 



Strafford National Bank. [See Genealogical Notes, and accom- 
panying portrait.] 

Mark Henry Mathes was born in Durham 2 October 1840, 
and died there 8 June 191 1. He lived on the old Mathes 
homestead at Durham Point, as a successful farmer, serving the 
town as selectman and representative to the legislature. In 




Mark H. Mathes 



the last years of his life he was compelled by rheumatism to 
walk with crutches. He is characterized as honest, outspoken 
and kind. [For family see Genealogical Notes.] 

Gen. Alfred Hoitt was born in Northwood, 11 January 1806. 
He removed fiom Lee to Durham soon after the building of the 
Boston and Maine railroad and erected a fine residence close 



HISTORY OF DURHAM 



313 



to the station. His buildings were destroyed by fire, caused 
by sparks from an engine of the railroad. This led to litigation 
with the railroad for four years, and Gen. Hoitt at last won the 
suit. For years he conducted a lucrative business in shipping 
produce to Boston. He was a major general of the New Hamp- 
shire militia and a sturdy represcntati\-e of the Jeffersonian type 



/ 




Gen. Alfred Hoitt 



of democracy. He served as reprcscntati\e and State senator 
for Lee and was once unanimously elected selectman of that 
town. He also represented Durham in the legislature. Within 
less than a year after his removal lo Do\er, about 1880, he ran 
for mayor and lacked only one hundred and seven votes of de- 
feating the opposing candidate in a city of one thousand Repub- 
lican majority. He died in Dover 9 November 1883. 



SOME MEN OF THE PRESENT 

In the previous chapter it has been a pleasure to extol the 
virtues of the departed, and nobody can complain because of 
this, since death glorifies our beloved. It is now necessary to 
say something about some who are li\'ing, and here words must 
be carefully chosen and a severe simplicit>' is demanded. Some- 
how most of us poor mortals cannot well bear to hear our own 
living acquaintances praised beyond ourselves. It is impossible 
to mention all the good people of Durham in this chapter. 
Modesty should be a prominent trait of the living, and the writer 
wishes to avoid any accusation of flattery and of having kissed 
the Blarney Stone. Therefore, the following statements deal 
with facts only, which must speak for themselves. The names 
are arranged to suit the illustrations, without any reference to 
preeminence. 

Hon. Joshua B. Smith, son of Hon. Valentine Smith, was born 
in Durham 28 July 1823. He has served as moderator ten times, 
as town clerk, 1851-56, selectman nineteen years, treasurer 
eleven years, representative in 1865, 1866 and 1878, state sena- 
tor 1875-77, councilor 1877-78, and delegate to the Constitu- 
tional Convention in 1876. He was one of the leaders in the 
organization of the Durham Social Library- and was for a long 
time librarian and then president of the Durham Library Associa- 
tion. He is a member of the Congregational church and, like 
his father, has done much to support and advance it, both having 
been active in the building of the present church edifice. He has 
been a member of the State Board of Agriculture and a justice 
of the peace. 

His sister, Miss Mary E. Smith, has been associated with him 
in all good works. For years she played the church organ gra- 
tuitously. Her private library has been at the ser\'ice of many, 
and for a long time she was president of the board of trustees of 
Durham Library Association, a director, librarian, and on the 
■committee for the ^election of books, without any compensation 
except the thanks and good will of the people. And is not that 
•enough for generous souls? The poor have had in her a bene- 

315 



3i6 



HISTORY OF DURHAM 



factress, and many others owe to her more than money can pay. 
They who give themselves to society give most. 

Dea. Winthrop S. Meserve, son of Smith and Abigail (Emer* 
son) Meserve, was born in Durham 7 February 1838. He stud- 
ied at Durham, Berwick and Hampton Academies. At the age 
of eighteen he assumed management of the old Emerson farm, 
which he acquired later. He has been a leader in the Congre- 




HoN. Joshua B. Smith 



gational church, serving as clerk of the church since 1871 and 
of the society since 1875 and as deacon since 1877. To the busi- 
ness of a farmer he added that of lumbering. He has served two 
years as county commissioner. In politics he is an independent 
Democrat, and both parts of that name have hindered advance- 
ment in political office in Durham. This has never weighed 
heavily upon his spirit, nor has it lessened the public esteem in 
which he is held. In town affairs he has often acted as moderator. 



HISTORY OF DURHAM 



317 



overseer of the poor, selectman and on \arious committees. He 
is also a justice of the peace. As a member of the committee to 
collect material and publish a history of Durham he has been 
zealous and efificient, the acknowledged superior of all in knowl- 
edge of genealogical details of the town's old families. He has 
gathered and imparted such information b\- patient search of 




Forrest S. Smith 



public records and by an extensive correspondence of many years. 
He has done this con amore, for the mere lo\e of it — the trait of 
the expert genealogist. [See frontispiece of Vol. II.] 

Forrest S. Smith, seventh in descent from Joseph Smith, was 
born 30 June 1857, and owns the same acres on which his first 
American ancestor settled. He was educated at Exeter Academy 



3l8 HISTORY OF DURHAM 

and passed examination for admission to the Yale Scientific School ^ 
but the death of his father threw upon him the care of the farm. 
He taught school in Durham and served some years on the 
school committee. He made a specialty of raising hay and cattle. 
In 1887 he went to Boston and secured a position in a wholesale 
commission house, that deals largely in hay and grain. In 1892 




Hon. Jeremiah Langley 

he became a member of the firm known as Hosmer, Robinson & 
Co., and they do the largest wholesale hay and grain business 
in the world, as is claimed. Although he keeps his legal residence 
in Durham and maintains a summer home on the ancestral 
estate, he lives most of the year in Brookline, Mass. His ofiice 
is at the Chamber of Commerce building. 



HISTORY OF DURHAM 3I9 

Mr. Smith married, i September 1887, Sarah Adla Thompson, 
daughter of Dea. John E. Thompson, and they have traveled 
extensively in America and Europe. He is a member of the 
Algonquin Club, of the Boston Athletic Association, of the 
Boston Art Club, of the Grae Burn Country Club of Newton, 
and of the Masonic order. 

Hon. Jeremiah Langley was born in Durham 25 March 1841. 
He was educated in the public school and at the age of fifteen 
had learned the trade of a shoemaker. He also learned to man- 
age a farm and raise hay, and, knowing the value of this product, 
he has bought and sold a good deal of it. In 1890 he and sons 
bought a line of barges for transporting coal from Portsmouth to 
Dover, Exeter, Newmarket and Durham. He has taken great 
interest in political affairs and has served his town in varied 
"ofifices, as moderator, selectman three times, representative and 
senator. While in the legislature he did much toward securing 
the removal of the agricultural college from Hanover to Durham. 
As senator he served on the committees on railroads, agriculture, 
incorporations, elections and soldiers' home. He has been presi- 
dent of the Republican Club of Durham and a recognized leader 
in that party for twenty years, The Grange and Public Library 
acknowledge his services, and the Newmarket Bank has had him 
as director. He is a Mason and an Odd Fellow, speaking after 
the manner of lodges, and to speak plainly he is an energetic 
farmer, business man and political leader. 

Hon. Lucien Thompson was born at the old Thompson home- 
stead in Durham 3 June 1859. ^^ hen he was ten years old his 
father died and the family removed to Manchester, where Lucien 
graduated from the high school at the age of eighteen, being the 
salutatorian of his class. Preferring farming to a course of 
classical study in college he returned to the homestead in Durham 
and became a successful farmer; yet he has found time to serve 
his town and state in various offices, such as supervisor, treas- 
urer and moderator of ten town meetings. He has been a justice 
of the peace since 1886 and for a long time notary public. From 
1887 to 1892 he was a member of the State Board of Agriculture, 
and since 1892 he has been a trustee of the New Hampshire Col- 
lege of Agriculture and Mechanic Arts and is secretary of the 
board. At the age of twenty-seven, he was elected representative 
to the legislature. He was a member of the senate in 1893-94, 



320 HISTORY OF DURHAM 

and served as chairman of the committee on agriculture and as 
member of committees on education, state prison and industrial 
school, labor, and public improvements. He was on Governor 
Bachelder's staff with rank of colonel. 

Col. Thompson, for so he is popularly called, inherited the 
valuable library of his aunt, Miss Mary P. Thompson, and has 
written historical articles for the newspapers and the Granite 
Monthly. He assisted his aunt in gathering material for her 
Landmarks in Ancient Dover and for more than a score of years 
has been collecting material for the history of his native town. 
The facts pertaining to military history, cemeteries, old houses, 
slavery, post offices, and many details of educational and ecclesi- 
astical history, that are recorded in this book, are the result 
of his long and painstaking research. Indeed, without his 
cooperation the history of Durham must have been incomplete. 

Col. Thompson drafted the by-laws of the Durham Social 
Library and has been secretary of that and of the Durham 
Library Association since i88i. He is a charter member of 
Scammell Grange, its secretary many years, lecturer and over- 
seer of the Pomona Grange, and a member of the State Grange 
executive committee. He is a charter member of the New 
Hampshire Genealogical Society and has been a trustee and the 
treasurer of the same, and belongs to the Sons of the American 
Revolution. When in the legislature he was a member of the 
special committee that erected the present Strafford County 
court house. 

As a working member of the Congregational church he gave 
much assistance in editing its historical manual. He has also 
edited and published several historical pamphlets and papers 
read before patriotic societies. It is to be regretted that the 
health of himself and his family does not permit him to live con- 
tinuously in Durham. For several years his winter home has 
been in University Park, Denver, Col. [See Genealogical Notes 
and frontispiece of Vol. I.] 

Hon. Daniel Chesley, son of Daniel and Margery Steele (Wood- 
man) Chesley, was born in Madbury ii October 1859. He 
lives on the old farm that has been in the possession of the Ches- 
ley family from the earliest beginnings of Durham and is a 
practical and successful farmer as well as a general contractor, 
doing a lot of building in stone, brick and wood. He has 



HISTORY OF DURHAM 



321 



served on the board of selectmen, as representative to the 
legislature and as a member of the State Constitutional Conven- 
tion of 1902. He is now filling the ofiice of State senator for 
the term of 1913-14 and is chairman of the committee on town^ 
and parishes and a member of committees on military affairs, 
agriculture, state hospital, and fish and game. He belongs to 




Hon." D.wiei. Chesley 



the orders of Odd Fellows, Knights of P>thias and Patrons of 
Husbandry. His portrait tells the rest of the story. 

Charles Wentworth, eon of Charles H. and Ann Elizabeth 
(Stacy) Wentworth, was born in North Berwick, Me., 10 July 
1872, eighth in descent from Elder William Wentworth, one of the 
earliest settlers of Dover and bearing a surname that was been 

21 



322 HISTORY OF DURHAM 

honored in history. He was educated in the North Berwick 
High School and in New Hampshire College. He has served as 
town clerk of Durham since 1904 and represented the town in the 
legislature, 1905-06, serving as secretary on the standing com- 
mittee on agricultural college, and partly by his influence money 
was appropriated for the college gymnasium. He has also been 




Charles Wentworth 

on the school board five years and has been station agent of the 
Boston and Maine Railroad since 1900. He is a member of the 
Sons of Veterans, his father having served three years during the 
Civil War in Company F. 4th New Hampshire Volunteers. He 
married, in 1898, Evelyn Jenkins of Lee, a student of New 
Hampshire College, and they have one daughter, Valerie. A 
social companion, an artist in telling a story and in illustrating 



HISTORY OF DURHAM 



323 



it with pen or brush, a faithful and accommodating olihcial, a 
modest and unassuming man of worth, — such is the impression 
that he makes upon one who knows him a Httle below the surface. 
Col. Arioch Wentworth Griffiths was born in Packer's Falls 
district 31 August 1851. He was educated in the common 
school, Newmarket High School and the Franklin Academy of 




Col. Arioch \V. Griffiths 



Dover. Together with his father and brother he has developed 
one of the best farms in Strafford County. The set of buildings, 
twelve in number, includes a handsome two-story residence, 
equipped with electric lights, steam heat and telephone, and a 
spacious barn, 41 by no feet, which has a capacity for 150 tons 
of hay. An electric mill has been built, capable of producing 



324 HISTORY OF DURHAM 

600 barrels of cider per day. The output averaged 1,000 bar- 
rels per year for thiity-five years. Owing to change of laws 
and failure of the apple crop the mill is now idle. Mr. Griffiths 
is a Republican in politics, has served two years as selectman 
and as moderator of town meetings twelve years in succes- 
sion, holding that office now. He also holds at the present time 
his seventh commission as deputy sheriff. Since 31 May 1888 
he has been an active member of the Knights of Pythias, being a 
member of Pioneer Lodge, No. i, of Newmarket. He was 
actively instrumental in the organization of Sullivan Lodge, No. 
26, of Durham. He filled the various chairs and became a 
member of the Grand Lodge in 1891. He was a charter member 
of W. A. Frye Company, No. 5, U. R. He was second lieutenant 
at its organization, afterward elected five times first lieutenant, 
and was promoted to the lank of major on regimental staff. After 
holding this position two years he was elected lieutenant- 
colonel and held the position two years. He was then appointed 
assistant inspector general on the brigade staff with the rank of 
colonel, in which position he served two terms of four years each. 
He was then appointed assistant quartermaster general with 
same rank, in which office he is now serving his second term. He 
belongs to the Sons of the American Revolution and was for many 
years a director of the Newmarket National Bank. 

Albert DeMeritt was born in Durham 26 August 1 85 1 . Besides 
caring for a farm of three hundred acres and doing much in lum- 
ber business he has held many public offices, such as moderator 
of town meetings eleven times, and two terms representative 
in the legislature, where he served on the standing committee 
on agricultural college and on the committee on appropriations. 
In appreciation of his work in the legislative session of 191 1 the 
faculty and trustees of New Hampshire College each unanimously 
passed resolutions of commendation. 

Mr. DeMeritt was a member of the Constitutional Conven- 
tion in 1889 and again in 19 12. He served on the State Board of 
Agriculture nine years and has been one of the trustees of the 
college. He has taken great interest in education, serving on the 
school board nine years. He drafted the free text-book bill, 
which became a law in 1887 and remains in force unchanged, 
so complete that almost all the other states have adopted it. 
Through his efforts the Durham Lyceum was organized, which 



HISTORY OF DURHAM 325 

ran for a decade with remarkable success, attracting people from 
the neighboring towns. 

Mr. DeMeritt is a member of Scammell Grange and past 
chancellor commander of Sullivan Lodge of Knights of Pythias. 
He is also a justice of the peace. New Hampshire College has 
conferred upon him the degree of Master of Science.* 




Albert DeMeritt 

Charles E. Hoitt, son of Gen. Alfred Hoitt, was born 8 March 
1849. After spending a few years in Concord he settled in Dur- 
ham, buying and remodeling the old Ballard house. Like his 
father he belongs to the Democratc party. His popularity is 
shown by the fact, that, although Durham always casts its 
presidential vote for Republican electors, and has chosen only 
four Democratic representatives since the Civil War, he and 
his father are two of that four. He has been elected selectman 

* Mr. DeMeritt, shot accidentally, died 22 August 1913, much esteemed and lamented by a 
host of friends. 



326 



HISTORY OF DURHAM 



sixteen times and still holds that office. He has filled every chair 
in Sullivan Lodge of Knights of Pythias, including grand chan- 
cellor. He is also a prominent officer in Scammell Grange. He 
is now serving his second term as county commissioner. His 
popularity is due to his cordial way of meeting all people and 
to honesty and economy in handling the people's money, the 




Charles E. Hoitt 



necessary expenses in a new college town demanding wise and 
strict calculation. 

Valentine Mathes was born in Durham 13 February 1846. At 
the age of eighteen he began river freighting to Portsmouth, 
Exeter and Newmarket. After three years he turned his atten- 
tion to railroading in New York and Boston for a year. Then 



HISTORY OF DURHAM 



327 



he bought out Joseph W. Coe at Durham village, where he kept 
a general country store and served as postmaster from 1872 to 
1880. He then removed to Dover, where for sixteen years he did 
a large business in groceries, coal, wood, hay and grain. This 
business was sold in order that he might devote all his time 
to the lumber business, in which he had been interested actively 




\'alentine Mathes 



from boyhood and which had grown extensivel>-. In this busi- 
ness his son, John E. Mathes, is associated with him. 

Mr. Mathes owns and rents to tenants one hundred and sixteen 
tenements, offices and stores and is the largest individual tax- 
payer in Dover. He and his brother, Hamilton A. Mathes, 
organized the Pascataqua Navigation Company, with a capital 



328 



HISTORY OF DURHAM 



of $100,000, and have two boats and twelve barges engaged in 
river freighting from Eastport, Me., to Boston, Mass. 

He has been representative to the legislature and has served 
in the common council of Dover. He is a Mason, Granger, Red 
Man, Elk, Odd Fellow, and, last but not least, a member of the 
Congregational church. 




Charles S. Langley 



Charles S. Langley, son of Hon. Jeremiah Langley, was born 
in Durham 1 1 October 1867. He has been a member of the school 
board eighteen years and represented the town in the legislature,. 
1903-04, serving on the committee on Agricultural College. 
Since boyhood he has been associated with his father in the hay 
and lumber business and in river freighting. In addition he 



HISTORY OF DURHAM 



329 



deals in automobiles and has planned and built several houses 
in Durham Village. He has been a director of Newmarket 
National Bank about fifteen years. He is affiliated with the 
Grangers, the Knights of Pythias, and the Elks. The Langley 
home is one of hospitality, prosperity and ambitious content- 
ment. [For family see Genealogical Notes.] 




George W. Ransom 



George W. Ransom was born in Durham, i January 1858, 
son of Alonzo and Isabella (Hook) Ransom. He brushed aside 
all obstacles to his way through preparatory schools and college 
by working on a farm after he was fourteen years of age at eight- 
een dollars per. month and by chopping white oak cord wood in 
the winter at fifty cents a cord, and he has made himself richer 



330 HISTORY OF DURHAM 

than those who allowed him to do it. He fitted for college at 
Franklin Academy, Dover and New Hampton Literary Institu- 
tion and graduated at Dartmouth in 1886 with the degree of 
A. B. Meanwhile he taught school in Middleton, Wolfeboro 
and the village school at Durham three years. This kept him 
away from his work in college twelve weeks of each year. The 
writer hereof knows just what that means by happy and profita- 
ble experience. One learns to study as well as to teach by 
teaching. 

After graduation Mr. Ransom taught in Walpole, N. H., 
Pepperell, Mass., Warner, N. H., and since 1893 in Boston, Mass., 
where he has served as submaster and master of schools in Dor- 
chester, Roxbury and the city proper. He is now master of 
the Abraham Lincoln School, which has 2,400 pupils, perhaps 
the largest school in New England. He has also been principal 
of the South Boston Evening High School. He has taken several 
courses of study in the Boston School of Technology and in Har- 
vard University and has traveled extensively in Europe and in this 
country. He certainly has an aptitude for hard work and for 
work that counts for something. He has honored the history of 
Durham more than the History of Durham can honor him. 

Mr. Ransom married in June, 1893, Eliza B. Taylor at Alex- 
andria Bay, New York, a graduate of Oswego Normal School 
and a teacher of large experience. She graduated from the 
Boston University Medical School in 1900 with degree of M. D., 
and afterward took postgraduate courses in New York and in 
Johns Hopkins University. She has been instructor in the 
Boston University Medical School in the chair of Histology and 
is now practicing as a specialist in nervous diseases, in Boston. 
They have children, Ruth, born 24 December 1903, and Eleanor 
born 22 December 1905. 



POST OFFICE AND POSTMASTERS 

The earliest post office in New Hampshire was established at 
Portsmouth previous to 1695, and it did business for the entire 
province. Durham was first included in a mail route in 1786, 
and Samuel Dearborn was the post rider, at a salary of twenty- 
four pounds per annum. The cost of sending a letter forty 
miles was six pence. After 1691 the rate was reduced to eight 
cents for distances under forty miles and increasing gradually 
to twenty cents for over three hundred miles, and twenty-five 
cents for over five hundred miles. Every letter composed of 
two pieces of paper paid double these rates, and so the rates 
went up in proportion to size and weight. Then letters were 
necessities or luxuries, and the art of compact writing was culti- 
vated. 

The building of Pascataqua bridge and the New Hampshire 
Turnpike put Durham on the main line of travel, and then 
caravans a mile long, composed of loaded teams from Ports- 
mouth and from Durham wharves might be seen on their way to 
Concord. Thus a post office at Durham became almost a neces- 
sity, and Benjamin Thompson was appointed the first post- 
master, I October 1796. He was son of Judge Ebenezer Thomp- 
son and served for twenty years as clerk of the Court of Common 
Pleas in Strafford County. He was also a justice of the peace 
and a trustee of Durham Academy. The post office was then 
in a building near the location of the present office, in a store that 
was burned several years ago. 

Mr. Thompson was succeeded, i October 1802, by Edward 
Wells, who served during the administration of President Thomas 
Jefferson. Mr. Wells was taxed in the Lubberland district in 
1794. A deed from Benjamin Chesley to Joseph Coe, dated 
21 July 1804, conveying land adjoining on which now stands 
the Town Hall, contains the following clause, "adjoining land in 
possession of Edward Wells as his store now stands," and here 
was the post office. Mr. Wells married Margery, daughter of 
Theophilus and Mary (Sullivan) Hardy, and taught school 
in Durham sev^eral terms between 1802 and 1812. His sons 
became noted men, Samuel being governor of Maine, Joseph 

331 



332 HISTORY OF DURHAM 

lieutenant-governor of Illinois, John A., United States senator 
from New Hampshire and candidate for Governor. 

Benjamin Underwood Lapish was the next postmaster, taking 
office I January 1808 and holding it only six months. The post 
office at this time was in the Alonzo Ransom house. 

George Ffrost was the fourth postmaster in Durham. He was 
appointed i July 1808, and he or his son, George, held office till 
5 January 1848. The office during this time was in a store on 
the north side of the road at Durham Falls bridge. Mr. Ffrost 
was a magistrate, merchant and extensive farmer, representing 
the town in the General Court in 1807. 

William J. Chesley was the successor of George Ffrost and 
served till 25 July 1849, a little more than one year. He inherited 
his grandfather's, Benjamin Chesley's, homestead, living on the 
spot where now is the residence of the president of the college. 
He kept the post office in the southeast corner of his residence. 
He served as selectman, moderator, and delegate to the Con- 
stitutional Convention in 1850. 

Mrs. Mary A. Page succeeded Mr. Chesley and held the office 
till 23 May 1853. She was Mary Ann Gilman and married 
Joseph W. Page, 30 November 1823. She kept the post office 
in the west front room of the house east of the house in which 
was the post office in 1902, and Mr. Page kept a store over the 
well between his dwelling house and the residence of Mrs. Hamil- 
ton Smith. He died 9 March 1834, aged 42. Mrs. Page lived 
in the house here mentioned till her death, in 1882. 

Alfred D. Hoitt was appointed postmaster 23 May 1853, and 
held the office about four years, during the administration of 
President Franklin Pierce. Mr. Hoitt kept a general store in 
a building formerly standing opposite the old railroad station 
and now removed to Thompson Avenue. Here was the post office. 

Mr. Hoitt removed to Charlestown, Mass., and became promi- 
nent in politics, serving as alderman and in the common council. 
He was a hay and grain merchant on Canal Street, Boston, for 
thirty years, removing to Arlington in 1873, where he served 
on the water board and board of assessors as chairman. He 
was a director of the Metropolitan Bank and vice-president of 
the Arlington National Bank. He served several times as dele- 
gate to Democratic national conventions and was superintendent 
of the Arlington branch of the Boston post office. 



HISTORY OF DURHAM 333 

Joseph \V. Coe became postmaster 9 July 1857. He kept the 
office in the old brick store in the Town Hall building and in 
the Perkins store across the street. He was educated at Durham 
Academy and was engaged in mercantile pursuits for twenty 
years. He purchased the beautiful Steele residence, where he 
long resided. Being a Union man he identified himself with 




Joseph William ("oe 

the Republican party in 1861. The income of the post office in 
his time was only about $200 annually. [See Genealogical 
Notes.] 

Valentine Mathes, Jr., was appointed postmaster 12 August 
1872, to succeed Mr. Coe. He served under the administration 
of President U. S. Grant, and kept the office in a store opposite 



334 HISTORY OF DURHAM 

the Town Hall building. He was also town clerk. He sold out 
his business to Jasper R. McDaniel, and removed to Dover. 

Jasper R. McDaniel became postmaster 15 November 1880. 
He was the son of the late John R. McDaniel, Esq., and lived 
in the house afterward owned and occupied by Prof. Charles 
L. Parsons. The post office was continued in its previous quarters. 
Mr. McDaniel sold his business to Chauncey E. Hayes, and 
removed to Maiden, Mass. 

Alvin Jackson began his duties as postmaster 24 August 1885. 
He was born in Madbury in 1848, and for many years was en- 
gaged in business in the store belonging to Miss Louise S. Smithy 
residing in the tenement over the store. He served under both 
President Cleveland and President Harrison. 

Chauncey E. Hayes was appointed postmaster 5 April 1889,. 
and the office was again removed to the Town Hall building,, 
in the room now used as the town safe. Mr. Hayes carried on 
a general store and was town treasurer, 1892-96. He is still 
living in Durham village and all four of his children have gradu- 
ated at New Hampshire College. 

Alvin Jackson again came into office 17 June 1893 and served 
till I July 1897, when George D. Stevens was appointed post- 
master. The removal of the post office from the Town Hall 
under the hill to a point nearer the college occasioned some con- 
test. The store east of the Benjamin Thompson residence was- 
fitted up and again the post office was located here, in the same 
building where it was kept under the first postmaster, 1 796-1 802. 
Mr. Stevens occupied the tenement over the store for a dwelling. 
The post office remained here but a few months. On a Sunday 
afternoon, 12 December 1897, the Alvin Jackson store was 
discovered to be on fire. As this building was about two feet 
from the post office building, the contents of the latter were 
hurriedly removed to the grocery store of Walter S. Edgerly 
in Whitcher's block, where it remained a few days. The post 
office building and the Benjamin Thompson residence, at that 
time used as a girls' dormitory, were completely destroyed. 

Within a few days the post office was removed to the annex 
of the store of Gorham H. Sawyer, opposite the Alvin Jackson 
store. March 20, 1899, it was removed to the Mary P. Thompson 
house, so called, owned by Hon. Lucien Thompson, who fitted 
up the west side of the house for the accommodation of the public. 



HISTORY OF DURHAM 



335 



Mr. Stevens occupied the rest of the house for a residence. The 
post office was first Hghted by electricity in the spring of 1900. 
Mr. Stevens served sixteen years as town clerk and is justice 
of the peace. He was prominent as an officer in the Scammell 
Grange and in Sullivan Lodge of the Knights of Pythias having 
filled the chairs and been chancellor commander. He was born 




George D. Stevens 



16 November i860, son of David and Hannah (Lee) Stevens^ 
and married, 14 September 1892, Gertrude Isabelle Davis. 
They have two daughters, Marjorie Pearley Stevens, born 6 
November 1896, and Louise Esther Stevens, born 21 June 1907. 

The income of the post office greatly increased after the re- 
moval of the college to Durham, and by order of the Post Office 



336 HISTORY OF DURHAM 

Department at Washington it became a third-class post office 
on and after i January 1904. The rural free delivery route was 
inaugurated i December 1902. Previous to this time Dover 
rural route, No. 6, served Pascataqua Bridge section and con- 
tinues to do so. 

Owing to need of more suitable quarters for the rapidly in- 
creasing amount of mail the post office department agreed with 
Mr. Lucien Thompson that if he would build and equip a new 
post office building, not connected with any other building and 
not used in part for dwelling or store, and suitably furnish the 
same, they would lease it for a long term of years. The build- 
ing was erected in 1907 and occupied on the first day of November 
of that year. It is an up-to-date building with first class furnish- 
ings for postal business, electric lights, steam heat, and flagpole. 



SOME OLD HOUSES 

In deeds cited on page 59 it is shown that Dr. Samuel Adams 
built the Sullivan house previous to the year 1 741, on land deed d 
to him by his father, the Rev. Hugh Adams, in 1743. Here 
Dr. Samuel Adams lived till his death, in 1762, and his widow, 
Rebecca (Hall) Adams, sold the house and three acres of land to 
John Sullivan, 19 December 1764. Here lived Gen. Sullivan 
till his death, in 1795, and his widow lived here till her death, 
in 1820. Mr. Amory described it as "a large square house of 
two stories, with handsome carved balusters to the staircase, 
and other richly moulded wood work. It was the center of a 
cluster of attached or surrounding buildings, his library and 
office, dairy, granary, stables and bee-hives, some of which have 
been removed. ... . Here he had his council chamber, as 
President Governor, and here public affairs were transacted. 
Various distinguished persons from all parts of the country and 
Europe were his guests." 

The road leading to the wharf ran between this house and the 
•old meeting house. Maples and poplars surround the house 
now, and probably did in the early days. The land sloping 
down to the wharf was terraced long. ago. The house contains 
fourteen rooms, and a sun-parlor has recently been added to 
the rear. The large rooms have fireplaces about the central 
chimney, and in some rooms the wall-paper of Revolutionary 
times has been preserved. Ornamental panelings and carvings 
attest the taste and luxury of original owners. 

There was a dilapidated building in the rear of this house, which 
•some say was the abode of Gen. Sullivan's slaves. Others think 
it was his law office. 

About 1834 Capt. Ebcnezer Thompson bought the house and 
here he and his wife died the same night, 26-27 January 1853. 
His son, Charles A. C. Thompson, inherited the place and died 
here 4 December 1868. It then passed into the possession of 
Miss Lucetta M. Davis. After her death it belonged to Charles 
H. Mitchell of Dover. In 1912 it was purchased and thoroughly 
repaired by Mr. Lynde Sullivan, a lawyer of Boston and great- 
grandson of Gov. James Sullivan of Massachusetts, who was 
22 337 



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HISTORY OF DURHAM 



339 



brother to Gen. J(jhn Sullivan. Since Gov. James Sullivan 
married Hetty Odiorne, grand-daughter of the Rev. Hugh 
Adams, it follows that Mr. Lynde Sullivan has acquired his 
own ancestral estate, which the Rev. Hugh Adams bought in 
1 71 7. Long may the Sullivan family own, preserve and enjoy 
the house and land made famous by occupants of two centuries. 
About three rods south of the Sullivan house is the site of 
the house built between 171 7 and 1720 by the Rev. Hugh Adams, 
for at the latter date John Drew, carpenter, of Portsmouth sued 
said Adams for twelve pounds, wages of himself and son, John. 




Inn of Master John Smith 
Built soon after 1700 

Here lived the Rev. Hugh Adams and later it was the home 
of the Rev. Alvan Tobey, D. D., when he first came to Durham. 
It was called a parsonage, though it seems never to have been 
owned by the town or the church. Valentine Smith lived in 
this house when he removed from Lubberland. Many years 
ago it was hauled to its present location, on the road from the 
Falls to Newmarket, on the north side of Denbow's brook, 
on land that once belonged to Benjamin Thompson, Sr. In 
his will, 1838, he called it his "Long Marsh Farm." The house 
has been repaired and slightly remodeled and is in good condi- 
tion. Israel P. Church once lived in it. 

A little south of where the Rev. Hugh Adams lived there is a 






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HISTORY OF DURHAM 34I 

house, the rear part of which, or L, has the appearance of being 
very old. There was a house here in 1682, when John Mighell 
sold it to Samuel Burnham. See page 58. James, son of Samuel 
Burnham, sold it to Dr. Jonathan Crosby in 1718. Capt. Daniel 
Rogers, blacksmith, bought this place, or a place near by, of 
Peter Mason, in 1735. He died in 1785. 

On the west side of the road is a very old house. James Smith 
was licensed to keep a public house here in 1686. His grandson, 
John, is called "innkeeper," and he died in 1739. Master John 
Smith lived here in Revolutionary times, and his daughter, Sarah, 
married Seth S. Walker in 18 10. This location w'as reckoned 
within the region called "Broth Hill" and the rhyme has been 
handed down: 

" Broth Hill, the city of Seth ; 
Were it not for Joe Coe, 
They would all starve to death. " 

Joseph Coe was a ship-builder, and many of his workmen 
lived in cottages on Broth Hill. After Walker's time the old 
Smith mansion was dwelt in by John Drew. It now belongs to 
the Ffrost family. 

Next north of the old Smith inn is a stone house, built in 
recent times by Howard and James Paul. James was killed in 
taking down the staging. Here lived Rev. Mr. Barnum and Rev. 
C. H. Chapin. Next to this is the house built by Lieut. -Col. 
Winborn Adams, who acquired land here of Derry Pitman. Here 
he and his wdfe, Sarah, kept an inn, and town meetings were 
sometimes held here. The place is now owned by Fred E. Jenkins. 
The frame and the foundation for the chimney are about all 
that remains of the old house. The latter is of massive stone 
and fills about half of the cellar. The first meetings of the pro- 
prietors of Holderness were held in this inn, from 1762 to about 
1768. Later they were he.ld in the inn of John Layn at New- 
town, in Lee. 

Evidence abundant has been cited in the chapter on Early 
Settlers and Estates, page 70, to prove that Valentine Hill built 
a house on the north side of the river and not far from his mill 
as early as 1649. In the Dover rate-list for 1661 is found "Mr. 
Hills mill and house and lands." Capt. Nathaniel Hill, son of 
Valentine, lived here. Bartholomew Stevenson built a house 
on the hill, not far from Hill's house, about 1687. Tradition 



342 



HISTORY OF DURHAM 



says that the house built by Valentine Hill is now the so-called 
Ffrost house. Additions and repairs have been made, but the 
appearance of the oldest part of the house warrants the belief 
that here is the original house built by the leading man of Oyster 
River, about 1649. Its location, both for defence and for com- 
manding view, was the only suitable place for the wealthy mill- 
owner to live. There is no record that the Indians even attempted 
to capture it in 1694. The house and land about it passed into 
the possession of Jonathan Woodman, who sold it to George 
Ffrost after 1796, and it has been occupied by the Ffrost family 




Interior of Residence of Aiiss Margaret B. Ffrost 

The portraits on the wall are of her great-great-grandfather, John F"rost 
and his wife, Marj' (Pepperrell) who was sister of Sir William Pepperrell 

until now. The rare, antique furniture well befits the abode. 
Here for over two centuries and a half has been the home of 
comparative wealth, comfort and beautiful surroundings. 

The house once owned by Capt. Joseph Richardson was a 
licensed hotel. Here town and jury meetings have been held. 
Capt. Richardson was born in Boston, 25 December 1756. He 
served six years in 1 he Revolutionarj- War and was twice wounded. 
His son, John A. Richardson, lived and died in this house. His 
daughter, Mrs. Frances P. Treadwell, sold the place and after 
extensive repairs it became the residence of Mr. and Mrs. 
George H. Mendell. Mrs. Mendell was formerly Miss Mary B. 



HISTORY OF DURHAM 



343 



Smith, daughter of Hon. Hamilton Smith, grand-daughter of 
Judge Valentine Smith. 

The Hamilton Smith house was built by the Re\'. John Blyden- 
burgh and afterward was owned by his daughter, Margaret. It 
has been owned b\- Prof. John S. Woodman, George Ffrost, 
Joshua B. Smith, Irene Cheney, Mary H. Chesley, Mary E. 
Smith and Hamilton Smith, who bought it 2 December 1895. 
He made extensive improvements in the place, adding quite a 
portion of the Buzzell field in the rear as well as the Mary H. 




Residence of Mr. and Mrs. George H. Mendell 



Chesley lot in front, making it the most valuable homestead 
in Durham. The house is known as "Red Tower" and is 
owned by Mrs. Shirley Onderdonk, daughter of Mrs. Hamilton 
Smith by her first marriage. The spacious garden in front, on 
the o{)posite side of the road, is free to all lovers of the beauti- 
ful. The accompanying picture describes the exterior of the 
house far better than words can do. The interior is the abode 
of comfort, artistic elegance, peace and happy memories. The 
village school was located on the \estry lot east of this house 




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HISTORY OF DURHAM 345 

until 1854, when the schoolhouse was built where now the 
grange hall is located. When the Mary H. Chesley lot was 
sold, in 1895, the house thereon was removed to a lot near 
the college, owned by Dea. W. S. Meserve, and was ex- 
tensively lepaired. This old house was located very near the 
Joshua B. Smith house and was owned by Ephraim Folsom, 
who died in 1785. Robert Lapish, Jr., Dr. John Angier and 
Jacob Odell, lived here. There was a house on the east side of 
the Mary H. Chesley house until 1867, when it was destroyed 
by fire. It was then owned by Mrs. Alfred Chesley. Judge 
Jonathan Steele owned this place and lived here till he built 
the present Coe house. Steele sold the place, 17 February 1813, 
to James Durgin, Jr. Dr. Jedediah Ingalls once owned and oc- 
cupied this house. 

The house now owned by Joshua B. Smith and his sister, 
Miss Mary E. Smith, was bought by their father, Hon. Valen- 
tine Smith, at auction sale, 7 December 1814. It had been 
previously owned by William Ballard, who was born 6 February 
1787, and died 26 October 181 1. Prior to him it was owned 
by Stephen Cogan, and before him James Drisco, a mariner 
from Portsmouth, owned the place. He died 31 January 1778. 
Before Drisco the place was owned by John Layn, blacksmith, 
who bought it of Nathaniel Hill, 23 May 1763. Tradition in the 
Layn family says the house was built in 1735. When the Rev. 
George W'hitefield passed through Durham, he dined in the 
east front room. 

The land where the Ebenezer Smith house stands was originally 
owned by Valentine Hill and was sold by Nathaniel Hill to 
Jonathan Clough, 16 January 1761. After being owned by 
various members of the Clough family it was sold by Zaccheus 
and Love Clough to Thomas Pinkham, 7 June 1777, when men- 
tion is made of a dwelling house thereon. Thomas Pinkham sold 
to Ebenezer Smith, 10 November 1783. Smith built the present 
house, which long has remained in the Smith family. Here have 
visited many of the notable men of a century ago. 

The Mary P. Thompson house was owned by Abraham Per- 
kins, born 20 January 1771, who died 16 January 1863, and 
before him by Mrs. Mehitable (Sheafe) Smith. Oliver C. De- 
merit acquired it in 1837, and he and wife, Sarah, sold it to Miss 
Mary P. Thompson, 2 November i860, for $1,035. Through 




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HISTORY OF DURHAM 



347 



her will it was inherited by Hon. Lucien Thompson. Here Miss 
Thompson lived and wrote her Landmarks in Ancient Dover 
and pursued her genealogical and historical researches. William 
Ballard traded in a little shop on this lot. 

The Benjamin Thompson house was purchased by Benjamin 




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Thompson, Sr., 2 April 1790, of his brother-in-law, James Leigh- 
ton. Benjamin Thompson, Jr., inherited it by will of his father, 
in 1838. Here he was born and died. He bequeathed this 
place, in 1890, to the State of New Hampshiie for the use of the 
college. Miss Lucetta M. Dav^is remained in the house a short 
•time. It was afterward repaired and was occupied by President 



HISTORY OF DURHAM 349 

C. S. Murkland till 1895. It was then used as a girls' dormitory 
until it was destroyed by fire, Sunday, 12 December 1897.^ 

The house now owned by Charles E. Hoitt was built by Joshua 
Ballard, who bought the land i October 1782. The land had 
been previously owned in succession by Valentine Hill, Nathaniel 
Hill, Dea. Hubbard Stevens, Moses Emerson, Capt. Abednego 
Leathers, Daniel Hardy. The house passed from Joshua Ballard 
to his daughter, Elizabeth Smith, and has since been owned by 
Joshua B. Smith, Eugene Thurston and Gen. Alfred Hoitt. 
The Re\'. Alvan Tobey, D. D., lived in this house during the 
last of his long pastorate in Durham. 

The house now owned by Mrs. Ann M. Jenkins was built by 
Stephen Mitchell, Esq., who began practice as a lawyer in Dur- 
ham in 1805. It was afterward owned by a Mr. Flanders, who 
died in 1833. It has since been owned and occupied Dr. Thomas 
Flanders, Dr. Alphonso Bickford, Zilla B. Burbank, and Mrs. 
Silas Jenkins. 

The Mathes-Talbot-Parsons house is said to have been built 
by Daniel Mathes, because his wife would not live at Durham 
Point. Daniel Mathes married, 26 January 1806, Abigail, 
daughter of the Rev. Curtis Coe. She died 11 January 1807, 
aged 23, and he married Betty Folsom, and moved back to the 
Point. The house was afterward owned and occupied by Meij. 
Benjamin Mathes, John McDaniel, Rev. Henry L. Talbot, 
and Prof. Charles L. Parsons. The last two made extensive 
improvements in the house and grounds, making it one of the 
best residences in town. It is now occupied by a club of students. 

The first house below J. W. Coe's, going toward Pascataqua 
bridge, was brought up the river from "Franklin City by John 
T. Emerson," he having bought the same from Ballard Pinkham 
in 1 82 1. The land once belonged to the Jackson and Leathers 
families, and was bought by Mr. Emerson of Philip and Joseph 
Chesley. It has recently been acquired by Prof. C. Floyd 
Jackson and extensively repaired. 

Not far from the Falls, in the low ground called Follett's swamp 
or Moharimet's swamp, Eli Dcmeritt built his log cabin on land 
granted before 1700. It had one room and no cellar. Later 
he built a log house of two rooms. His grandson, Capt. Samuel 
Demeritt, built upon the same spot a framed house of two stories 

' A picture of this house appeared inGranite Monthly, vol. xxxiii, page 429. 



HISTORY OF DURHAM 35! 

in front with a lean-to. The brick for the chimney were from old 
England, and the bottom of the oven was of tiles, eight inches 
square, which had a crown stamped on one side with lettering. 
In the present house, in possession of Albert DeMeritt, the 
doors of the cupboards in the kitchen and dining room were from 
the old house, and the upper part of the beaufet is in the attic. 
In the sitting room and dining room hearths the tiles may still 
be seen. Some of the windows were of diamond-shape, leaded 
panes. The house was unpainted, ceiled and paneled. From 
Capt. Samuel Demeritt the place was inherited by his son, 
Israel, who built the present house in 1808. The brick were 
made on the farm. Israel Demeritt was succeeded in ownership 
by his son, Stephen, and from him it passed to the present owner, 
who has added many acres to the farm. He is the great-great- 
great-grandson of the Eli Demeritt to whom the land was granted 
and laid out 31 May 1699. The farm is one of the largest and 
most productive in Durham, and the house and well-shaded lawn, 
with outlook upon broad meadows, are a delight to one who 
appreciates home comforts and rural scenery. 

Across the fields another Demeritt house was built by Capt. 
Nathaniel Demeritt, brother of Israel above named. It was 
rebuilt by Capt. Nathaniel and his son, the Rev. William De- 
meritt, about 1819. The first was a one story and a. half 
house. The present house, beneath the old elms, is owned by 
George P. Demeritt, son of the Rev. William. 

The Bunker garrison house was probably built by James 
Bunker soon after 1652, when he bought the land on which 
its ruins now lie. The walls, except the gable ends, were of hewn 
hemlock legs, nine inches in thickness. There were loopholes 
for defence, afterward enlarged into windows. This was the 
last remaining garrison of Oyster River that w^as attacked by the 
Indians in 1694. It seems to be decayed and fallen beyond 
the power of restoration. The plan of this garrison is pre- 
sented through the courtesy of the Society for the Preservation 
of New England Antiquities. See page 63. 

Woodman's garrison was built by Capt. John Woodman 
soon after 1656, when he came to Oyster River. In 1660 he 
had a grant of twenty acres between lands of William Beard 
and Valentine Hill. Miss Mary P. Thompson thus describes it: 
"It is beautifully situated on the eastern slope of a hill at the 



352 



HISTORY OF DURHAM 



head of Beard's creek, with brooks and deep ravines on every 
side of the acdivity, except at the west. It has a fine outlook 
for an approaching enemy, as well as a charming view in every 
direction, except in the rear, where the rise of land intercepts 




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the prospect. Durham village, which did not exist when this 
garrison was built, lies at the south in full view, embosomed 
among trees; and at the east may be traced the windings of 
Oyster River on its way to the Pascataqua. At the north, through 



HISTORY OF DURHAM 



353 



an opening between the hills, can be seen the spot where the 
Huckins garrison stood; and nearer at hand, but separated from 




Woodman Garrison 
Destroyed by fire November 1896 

it by a profound ravine, is the field where occurred the massacre 
of 1689."^ 

This garrison was destroyed by fire, 8 November 1896, a 

'Landmarks in Ancient Dovor, p. 179. 
23 




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loss that caused sadness to every lover of the town's historic 
memorials. Fortunately good photographs exist of the garrison 
as it was in its best days, and some thoughtful and prompt 
artist secured snap shots of it while it was burning. 

The garrison built by David Davis at Lubberland in 1695 is 
probably the same as the Smith garrison, having been acquired 
by Lieut. John Smith some time after David Davis was killed 
by Indians, 27 August 1696. Later it was known as Frost's 
garrison and Blydenburgh's garrison. It was taken down only 
a few years ago and the road now runs over its site. A good 
pictureof it has been preserved. See page 34. 

Another garrison was built by David Davis, son of the above 
named, at Packer's Falls, early in the eighteenth century, where 
five generations of David Davises have lived. The original 
garrison was located on a knoll in the center of the field 
back of its present location, to which it was moved prior to 
1790 in order to be on the highway. Additions have been 
made by later generations, so that the garrison of pre- 
Revolutionary times forms but a part of the present building, 
occupied by Eben Meserve Davis. 

The Pendergast garrison is still standing and occupied. It 
was probably built by Stephen Pendergast, who acquired land 
here near Packer's Falls, in 1735. 

Half a mile from Durham village, toward Madbury, on an 
elevated space to which the road gently ascends, is the house 
built by Judge Ebenezer Thompson soon after the Revolution 
on land that has been in possession of the Thompson family from 
the first grant, in 1694. The house was erected on the site of an 
older one, in which Judge Thompson was born. It is a typical 
rural dwelling of the well-to-do persons of that time, squarely 
built around a huge chimney, with large rooms of low ceiling, 
a fireplace in every room, heavy mouldings and cornices and 
a lot of wainscoting. It is still painted white, with green blinds, 
the best combination of house colors New England has ever 
had. It was a year's work for a carpenter to prepare the exterior 
and interior finishing material. In the hall-chamber, specially 
reserved for guests, the same paper is on the walls that was 
there a century ago. On this spot Judge Thompson entertained 
many of the leading men of the Revolutionary period, and in this 
house he was often consulted on politics, medicine and law. It 



HISTORY OF DURHAM 357 

was in the "hall-room," or parlor that he fell from his chair 
and instantly expired, in 1802. 

An east two-story wing was added to the house by its present 
owner, Col. Lucien Thompson, in 1895, and in it he has the rare 
library, photographs and souvenirs that his aunt, Mary P. 
Thompson, gathered during her years spent in Europe. Here 
is a very valuable collection of historical and genealogical ma- 
terial that several generations have been acquiring. One would 
have to search long in New Hampshire to find its equal in any 
private house. 

The spacious lawn and shade trees, the commodious barn, 
stable and carriage house, the fertile acres and the orchard of 
five hundred trees, make the visitor envy or congratulate the 
owner. If the visitor has the true riches of the soul, then it is 
congratulation and not envy. 

The residence of Forrest S. Smith was built in 1803 by Major 
Daniel Smith and his son. Major Winthrop Smith. The former 
house stood farther back from the turnpike, on ascending ground 
down the lane which led to the Dover road. It was a two-story 
house in front, sloping off to one story in the rear. Tradition 
says that Major Daniel Smith insisted on having the big chimney 
in the center of this house after the style of those days, so 
that at the gatherings of the militia they could march around the 
chimney at the evening festivities, after the training was over. 
This was the grand promenade that preceded the dancing. 

The present house is beautifully situated among shade trees 
and affords a fine view of Oyster River and Little Bay. It has 
been extensively repaired. Heat, running water and bathroom 
bring the modern conveniences of the city to the roominess, quiet, 
restfulness and hospitality of the country. At many a week's 
end a party from Boston alights from a large touring car at the 
front gate, for the old-fashioned front yard, filled with flowers 
and shrubs and protected by ornamental fence, still preserves one 
of the best rural traditions. Several hundred acres of fertile 
land certainly add to the attractiveness of the place. It is said 
that the difference between the farmer and the agriculturalist is 
this, that the farmer makes his money in the country to spend it 
in the city, while the agriculturalist makes his money in the city 
to spend it in the country; but Forrest S. Smith was a successful 
farmer before he began to be an agriculturalist. Here the re- 




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HISTORY OF DURHAM 



359 



markably youthful mother of four score years finds rest and offers 
it to friends, contented to linger longer amid beautiful earthly 
surroundings before moving into the mansion in the skies. 

The last illustration of this chapter is presented, not because 
it is one of the old houses, but it is a new house on an old site 
and serves to contrast former days with the present. It is the 




4tlM<Mi^^I^ 



Summer Cami* of Emsha R. Brown 
Near site of Meader Garrison 



summer camp of Elisha R^ Brown of Dover, president of the 
Strafford National Bank. It is built near the site of the Meader 
garrison, at what was first known as "Hills Neck." The land 
was long in the possession of the Meader family. On this neck 
of land, between Royall's Cove and the mouth of Oyster River, 
the three towns, Dover, Madbury and Durham, meet at Tickle 
Point. The view from Mr. Brown's camp takes in Little Bay 
and its islands and the Newington and Durham shores. Dover 



36o 



HISTORY OF DURHAM 



Neck is in the distance toward the east. Mr. Brown married 
Frances, daughter of Dr. Alphonso and Mary Joanna (Smith) 
Bickford, and thus is connected with two of the oldest famiUes 
of Durham, as may be seen in the genealogical part of this 
history. It may be added that on this neck of land was once 




Interior of Mr. Brown's Camp 



laid out Franklin City, a booming tow^n on paper, which the 
building of Pascataqua bridge was expected to develop. The 
dream soon vanished. The lots are there still, but the only 
house built there was long ago moved up toward the Falls. ^ 

' For further description of this place and its surroundings, as well as biography of Mr. 
Brown, see Granite Mo> My for September 1912, article written by John Scales, A. M. 



LISTS OF TOWN OFFICERS 



Moderators 

Before the separation of Durham from Dover, 1732, the fol- 
lowing men from Oyster River Parish served as moderators of 
Dover town meetings, Capt. John Woodman in 1675, Col. James 
Davis in 1702, 17 13, 1715, 1720-21, 1728-31, Capt. Francis 
Mathes in 1728, and Capt. Stephen Jones in 1730 and 1731. 
The moderators since the formation of the town of Durham have 
been the following. 



732 
733 
734 

735 

736 
737 
738 
739 

740 
741 
742 

743 
744 

745 
746, 
747 
748 
749 
750 
751 
752 
753 
754 
755 
757 
758 
759 
761 



Col. James Davis. 

Lieut. Jonathan Thompson. 

Lieut. Samuel Smith. 

Col. James Davis. 

Lieut. Samuel Smith. 

Col. James Davis. 

Col. James Davis. 

Lieut. Jonathan Thompson. 

Col. James Davis. 

Col. James Davis. 

Lieut. Stephen Jones. 

James Davis, Esq. 

Col. James Davis. 

Capt. Stephen Jones. 

James Davis, Esq. 

John Woodman. 

Samuel Smith, Esq. 

Stephen Jones. 

Capt. Jonathan Thompson. 

Samuel Smith. 

Samuel Smith. 

Lieut. Philip Chesley. 

Lieut. Philip Chesley. 

Joseph Thomas. 

Joseph Thomas. 

Joseph Sias. 

Joseph Thomas. 

William Drew. 

Lieut. Philip Chesley. 

Benjamin Smith, 

Huhiiard Stevens. 

William Drew. 

Joseph Thomas. 



1762, 

1763, 
1764, 

1765, 
1766, 

1768, 
1769, 
1770, 

1771, 
1772, 

1773, 
1774, 

1775, 



1776, 



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1778, 

1779, 

1780, 
1781, 

1782, 



Joseph Atkinson, Esq. 
Joseph Atkinson, Esq. 
Joseph Atkinson, Esq. 
Capt. Benjamin Smith. 
Dea. Hubbard Stevens. 
Ephraim Davis. 
Maj. Stephen Jones. 
Joseph Atkinson, Esq. 
Dea. Hubbard Stevens. 
Joseph Atkinson. 
Valentine Mathes, Esq. 
Joseph Atkinson, Esq. 
Valentine Mathes, Esq. 
Joseph Atkinson. 
Valentine Mathes. 
Moses Emerson. 
George Frost, Esq. 
Maj. Stephen Jones. 
Mr. Ephraim Davis. 
George Frost, Esq. 
Mr. Ephraim Davis. 
George Frost, Esq. 
Maj. Stephen Jones. 
\'alentine -Mathes, Esq. 
Maj. Stephen Jones. 
\'alentine Mathes, Esq. 
Col. Samuel Chesley. 
Hon. George Frost, Esq. 
Valentine Mathes, Esq. 
George Frost, Esq. 
Maj. Gen. John Sullivan. 
Valentine Mathes, Esq. 
Hon. Juhn Sullivan, Esq. 



361 



362 



HISTORY OF DURHAM 



1783, Hon. John Sullivan, Esq. 
Ebenezer Thompson, Esq. 

1784, Hon. John Sullivan. 

1785, Col. Samuel Chesley. 

1786, Hon. M. G. John Sullivan. 
Capt. Joseph Young. 

1787, His Excellency, John Sullivan, 

Esq. 

1788, His Excellency, John Sullivan, 

Esq. 

1789, Hon. George Frost, Esq. 

1790, Hon. Ebenezer Thompson, Esq. 

1 791, Hon. Ebenezer Thompson, Esq. 

1792, Col. Samuel Adams. 
Ebenezer Thompson, Esq. 

1793, John Blydenburgh. 
Valentine Mathes, Esq. 

1794) John Blydenburgh. 
Valentine Mathes. 

1795, John Blydenburgh. 

1796, John Blydenburgh. 
Samuel Adams. 
Capt. Joseph Young. 

1797, Ebenezer Smith, Esq. 
Col. Samuel Adams. 

1798, John Blydenburgh. 
William Ballard. 
Col. Samuel Adams. 

1799, Ebenezer Thompson, Jr. 

1800, Ebenezer Thompson, Jr. 
Ebenezer Smith, Esq. 
Andrew Simpson. 

1801, John Blydenburgh. 

1802, Col. Timothy Emerson. 
Jonathan Steele, Esq. 

1803, Col. Timothy Emerson. 

1804, Andrew Simpson. 
Jonathan Steele, Esq. 
Col. Timothy Emerson. 

1805, Mr. Andrew Simpson. 

1806, Ebenezer Smith, Esq. 
Ebenezer Doe. 

1807, Ebenezer Smith, Esq. 

1808, Ebenezer Smith, Esq. 
Mr. John Frost. 

1809, Andrew Simpson. 

1810, John Frost. 

181 1, Jonathan Steele. 



1 812, George Frost. 
Jonathan Steele. 

813, George Frost. 

814, George Frost. 
George Hull. 

815, Ichabod Bartlett. 

816, Ichabod Bartlett. 
Benjamin Mathes, Jr. 

817, Daniel Mathes. 

818, Joseph Coe. 

819, Joseph Coe. 

820, Joseph Chesley, 3d. 
Jacob Odell. 

821, Joseph Chesley, 3d. 

822, Joseph Chesley, 3d. 
Winthrop Smith. 

823, Joseph Chesley, 3d. 

824, Joseph W. Page. 

825, James Langley. 

826, John A. Richardson. 

827, George Hull. 

828, George Ffrost. 
Richard Ela. 

829, Moses Noble. 

830, Joseph Chesley, 3d. 

831, Joseph W. Page. 

832, Joseph W. Page. 

833, John A. Richardson. 

834, George Hull. 

835, John A. Richardson. 

836, Benjamin Doe. 

837, George Hull. 

838, Dr. Richard Steele. 

839, Benjamin Kelly. 

840, Stephen Demeritt. 

841, Stephen Demeritt. 

842, James Langley. 

843, Stephen Demeritt. 

844, Stephen Demeritt. 

845, Stephen Demeritt. 
John A. Richardson. 
Seth S. Walker. 

846, William J. Chesley. 

847, John S. Shaw. 

848, William J. Chesley. 

849, Joseph S. Burnham. 

850, Joseph S. Burnham. 

851, Daniel Smith. 



HISTORY OF DURHAM 



363 



1852, 

1853, 
1854, 
1855, 
1856, 

1857, 
1858, 
i860, 



1861, 
1862, 
1863, 
1864, 
1865, 
1866, 
1867, 
1868, 

J 869, 

1870, 
1871, 
1872, 

1873, 

1874, 

1875, 
1876, 



Daniel- Smith. 
Greenleaf Nute. 
Stephen Demeritt. 
Stephen Demeritt. 
Cyrus G. Hull. 
John S. Woodman. 
Joseph S. Burnham. 
Henry A. Drew. 
Henry A. Drew. 
Cyrus G. Hull. 
William Wiggin. 
William Wiggin. 
Cyrus G. Hull. 
Cyrus G. Hull. 
James M. Bunker. 
James M. Bunker. 
Joseph Smith. 
Joseph S. Burnham. 
Joseph S. Burnham. 
Joseph C. Bartlett. 
Joseph S. Burnham. 
Hamilton A. Mathes. 
Hamilton A. Mathes. 
Hamilton A. Mathes. 
Jeremiah Langley. 
Joshua B. Smith. 
Joshua B. Smith. 
Joshua B. Smith. 
Joshua B. Smith. 



1877, Joshua B. Smith. 

1878, Joshua B. Smith. 

1879, Albert DeMeritt. 

1880, Albert DeMeritt. 
Joshua B. Smith. 

1881, Joshua B. Smith. 

1882, Cyrus G. Hull. 
Albert DeMeritt. 

1883, Cyrus G. Hull. 

1884, Hamilton A. Mathes. 

1885, Albert DeMeritt. 

1886, Albert DeMeritt. 

1887, Albert DeMeritt. 

1888, Albert DeMeritt.' 

1889, Albert DeMeritt. 

1890, Albert DeMeritt. 
Hamilton A. Mathes. 

1891, Hamilton A. Mathes. 

1892, Lucien Thompson, for two 

years. 
1894, Lucien Thompson, for two 

years. 
1896, Lucien Thompson, for two 

years. 
1898, Winthrop S. Meserve, for two 

years. 
1900-13, Arioch W. Griffiths. 
1913, Albert DeMeritt, ^ro /em.' 



Town Clerks 



1732-36, Francis Mathes. 
1736-61, Samuel Smith. 
1761-66, Joseph Smith. 
1766-74, Ebenezer Thompson. 
1774-92, John Smith, 3cl. 
1792-93, William Smith. 
1793, 1802, Ebenezer Thompson. 
1802-19, Valentine Smith. 
1819-23, Alfred Smith. 
1823-27, Moses Noble. 
1827-38, V^alentine Smith. 
1838-40, Samuel Burnham. 
1840-44, Benjamin Kelly. 

1844, Samuel P. Chesley. 

1845, John A. Richardson. 



1846-51, Joseph Coe. 
1851-56, Joshua B. Smith. 
1856-64, Samuel Runlett. 
1864-68, John W. E. Thompson. 
1868-72, Samuel Runlett. 
1872-74, \'alentine Mathes, Jr. 

1874, Samuel Runlett. 

1875, Calvin Sanders. 
1876-80, Walentine Mathes, Jr. 
1880-87, Samuel Runlett, Jr. 

1887, Jasper Mc Daniel, resigned. 
1887, Samuel Runlett, Jr. 
1 888-1904, George D. Stevens. 
1904-13, Charles Wentworth. 



364 



HISTORY OF DURHAM 



Representatives for Dover from Oyster River Parish 



1652-57, 

1684, 

1690, 

1692-95, 

1696, 

1697-98, 

1699, 

1701, 

1703, 



1732, 
1733-34, 
1735, 
1736-40, 

1741-44, 

1745-47, 

1748-51, 

1752-55, 

1756-58, 

1759-65, 

1766-75, 

1776-83, 

1784, 

1785-86, 

1786-87, 

1788, 

1789-90, 

1791, 

1792-93, 

1793-95, 

1796, 

1797-99, 

1800-03, 

1804, 

1805, 

1806, 

1807, 

1808-10, 

1811-13, 

1814-15, 
1816-17, 
1818-19, 
1820, 



Valentine Hill. 
John Woodman. 
Capt. John Woodman. 
John Woodman. 
Thomas Chesley. 
James Davis. 
Capt. John Woodman. 
James Davis. 
Nathaniel Hill. 



1704-06, Capt. John Woodman. 
1706-09, Lieut. Nathaniel Hill. 
1715, Stephen Jones. 
17 15-17, James Davis. 
1722, James Davis 

1727, John Smith. 

1728, Capt. Francis Mathes. 
1 73 1, Capt. Francis Mathes. 



Representatives of Durham 



Francis Mathes. 1821-22, 

Lieut. Samuel Smith. 1823, 

Jonathan Chesley. 1824-25, 

Samuel Smith. 1826-27, 

Jonathan Thompson. 1828, 

Jonathan Chesley. 1829-30, 

Jonathan Thompson. 1831-32, 

Joseph Thomas. 1833-34, 

Stephen Jones, Jr. 1835-36, 

Joseph Smith. 1837-38, 

Ebenezer Thompson. 1839, 

John Smith, 3d. 1840-41, 

Ebenezer Smith, Esq. 1842, 

Maj. Gen. John Sullivan. 1843, 

Ebenezer Thompson, Esq. 1844, 
John Sullivan, Speaker of 1844, 

the House. 1845-46, 

Ebenezer Smith, Esq. 1847, 

No election. 1848-49, 

Ebenezer Smith, Esq. 1850, 

Ebenezer Thompson, Jr. 1851-52, 

Voted not to send. 1853-54, 

Ebenezer Thompson, Jr. 1855, 

William Ballard. 1856-57, 

Capt. Jonathan Chesley. 1858-59, 

Jonathan Steele, Esq. 1860-61, 

Valentine Smith. 1862, 

George Frost. 1863, 

Valentine Smith. 1864, 

Joseph Coe. 1865-66, 

Valentine Smith. 1867, 

Joseph Coe. 1868-69, 

Daniel Mathes. 1870, 

Robert Mathes. 1871, 



Benjamin Mathes, Jr. 
Robert Mathes. 
John Mooney. 
Andrew G. Smith. 
No election. 
Benjamin Kelly. 
George Hull. 
Samuel Burnham. 
Abraham Mathes. 
Stephen Demeritt. 
John Mooney. 
Samuel Burnham. 
Winthrop Smith. 
Mark Willey. 
Winthrop Smith. 
Stephen Demeritt. 
Ebenezer Thompson. 
James Langley. 
George J. Wiggins. 
Mark Willey. 
Moses H. Wiggins. 
Joseph S. Burnham. 
Leonard B. Smith. 
Benjamin Doe. 
Andrew L. Simpson. -, 
Andrew D. McDaniel. 
William F. Jones. 
Henry A. Drew. 
William F. Jones. 
Joshua B. Smith. 
James M. Bunker. 
Lafayette Hall. 
Jacob Mathes. 
James M. Smart. 



HISTORY OF DURHAM 



365 



1872-73, 


Thomas H. VVisvvall. 


1892, 


Ira B. Hill. 


1874, 


Alfred Hoitt. 


1894, 


Jabez H. Stevens. 


1875-76, 


Hamilton A. Alathes. 


1896, 


Daniel Chesley. 


1877-78 


Eben M. Davis. 


1898, 


Charles E. Hoitt. 


1878, 


Joshua B. Smith. 


1900, 


James W. Burnham 


1880, 


John W. E. Thompson 


1902, 


Charles S. Langley. 


1882, 


Cyrus G. Hull. 


1904, 


Charles Wentworth 


1884, 


Mark H. Alathes. 


iyo6, 


Charles A. Smart. 


1886, 


Lucien Thompson. 


1908, 


David H. Fogg. 


1888, 


James W. Burnham. 


1910, 


Albert DeMeritt. 


1890, 


Jeremiah Langley. 


1912, 

Selectmen 


Albert DeMeritt. 



The selectmen of Dover, before Durham became a separate 
township, have been pubHshed in the Historical Memoranda of 
Ancient Dover. A few Oyster River men figure in those lists, 
such as Valentine Hill, Robert Burnham, John Davis, John 
Bickford, John Woddman, James Davis, Nathaniel Hill, Stephen 
Jones, Thomas Chesley, Francis Mathes, John Smith, Capt. 
Samuel Chesley, etc. The following is the list after Oyster River 
Parish became the town of Durham: 

1732, Lieut. Samuel Smith, F"rancis Mathes, Lieut. Jonathan Tomson, 
Thomas Drew, Capt. Jonathan Chesley. 

1733, Lieut. Jonathan Tomson, Frances Mathes, John Williams, Jr., John 
Woodman, Joseph Jones, Jr. 

1734, Mr. Thomas Drew, Lieut. Jonathan Tomson, Lieut. Samuel Smith, Mr. 
John Woodman, Francis Mathes. 

1735, Lieut. Jonathan Tomson, Francis Mathes, Mr. Thomas Drew, Mr. John 
Woodman, Lieut. Samuel Smith. 

1736, Lieut. Stephen Jones, Jr., Mr. Joseph Drew, Mr. Nathan" Randal, Ml 
Joseph Thomas, Walter Bryant. 

1737, John Woodman, Samuel Smith, Francis Mathes, Jonathan Tomson, 
Wm. Drew. 

1738, Jonathan Tomson, John Williams, Jr., Joseph Whelor. 

1739, Jonathan Tomson, Benjamin Smith, John Williams. 

1740, Jonathan Tomson, Benjamin Smith, John Williams. 

1741, Jonathan Tomson, John Williams, Jr., Benjamin Smith. 

1742, Ephraim Davis, Ebenezer Smith, Joseph .Atkinson. 

1743, Ebenezer Smith, Joseph Atkinson, Ephraim Davis. 

1744, Samuel Smith, Esq., Joseph Whelor, William Drew. 

1745, Samuel Smith, John Williams, Joseph Chesley. 

1746, Samuel Smith, John Williams, Jonathan Tomson. 

1747, Samuel Smith, Joseph Whelor, Joseph Thomas. 

1748, Samuel Smith, Joseph Whelor, Joseph Thomas. 

1749, Samuel Smith. Joseph Whelor, Joseph Thomas. 



366 HISTORY OF DURHAM 

1750, Samuel Smith, Joseph Whelor, Joseph Thomas. 

1 75 1, Samuel Smith, Joseph Thomas, Joseph Whelor. 

1752, Samuel Smith, Joseph Thomas, Joseph Whelor. 

1753, W'illiam Drew, Benjamin Alathes, James Smith. 

1754, William Drew, Benjamin Mathes, James Smith. 

1755, Ebenezer Smith, Joseph Smith, Joseph Sias. 

1756, Ebenezer Smith, Joseph Smith, Joseph Sias. 

1757, Benjamin Smith, Joseph Smith, Joseph Sias. 

1758, Miles Randal, Jeremiah Burnum, Jr., Joseph Smith. 
1759) Joseph Smith, Jeremiah Burnum, Jr., Miles Randal. 

1760, Miles Randall, Jeremiah Burnum, Joseph Smith. 

1761, Joseph Smith, Miles Randal, Jeremiah Burnum. 

1762, Joseph Thomas, Robert Thompson, Jr., Jonathan Woodman. 

1763, Lieut, Joseph Thomas, Joseph Smith, Esq., Lieut. Joseph Sias. 

1764, Joseph Smith, Joseph Thomas, Joseph Sias. 

1765, Joshua Cromet, Hercules Moony, Ebenezer Thompson. 

1766, Joshua Crommet, Ebenezer Thompson, John Smith, 3d, Nicholas Duda^, 
and Robert Thompson for Lee. 

1767, Joshua Cromet, Ebenezer Thompson, John Smith, 3d. 

1768, Joshua Cromet, Ebenezer Thompson, John Smith, 3d. 

1769, Joshua Cromett, Ebenezer Thompson, John Smith, 3d. 
^770, Joshua Cromet, Ebenezer Thompson, John Smith, 3d. 
^77^) Joshua Cromet, Ebenezer Thompson, John Smith, 3d. 

1772, Lieut. John Smith, Alpheus Chesley, Jonathan Woodman, 3d. 

1773, John Smith, Esq., John Smith, 3d, Lieut. Samuel Chesley. 

1774, John Smith, 3d, Lieut. Samuel Chesley, John Smith, Esq. 
I775> Samuel Chesley, John Smith, 3d, Trueworthy Durgin, Jr. 

1776, Col. Samuel Chesley, John Smith, 3d, Trueworthy Durgin, Jr., George 
Frost, Esq., appointed as Durgin had died. 

1777, Dea. Nathaniel Norton, Mr. Jonathan Chesley, Mr. Nathaniel Hill. 

1778, Mr. Jonathan Chesley, Capt. Timothy Emerson, Mr. Elijah Drew. 

1779, Mr. Jonathan Chesley, John Smith, 3d, Col. Samuel Chesley. 

1780, Col. Samuel Chesley, John Smith, 3d, Mr. Jonathan Chesley. 

1781, Col. Samuel Chesley, John Smith, 3d, Jonathan Chesley, Honble^. 
George Frost, Esq., Mr. Andrew Drew. 

1782, Lt. John Smith, 4th, Capt. John Griffin, Mr. Stephen Cogan. 

1783, Capt. John Griffin, Mr. Stephen Cogan, Ebenezer Smith. 

1784, Capt. John Griffin, Mr. Stephen Cogan, Mr. Ebenezer Smith. 

1785, Mr. Ebenezer Smith, Mr. John Clough, Capt. John Griffin. 

1786, Capt. John Griffin, Mr. Ebenezer Smith, Mr. John Clough. 

1787, Capt. John Griffin, Mr. Ebenezer Smith, Mr. John Clough. 

1788, Col. Samuel Chesley, John Smith, 3d., Mr. John Blydenburgh. 

1789, Ebenezer Smith, Esq., Mr. John Clough, Col. Timothy Emerson. 

1790, Ebenezer Smith, Esq., Mr. John Clough, Mr. James Leighton. 

1 791, Ebenezer Smith, Esq., Mr. John Clough, Capt. Joseph Young. 

1792, John Clough, Robert Lapish, Jr., William Ballard. 

1793, John Clough, William Ballard, Joseph Richardson. 
1794; John Clough, William Ballard, Jonathan Woodman, Jr. 



HISTORY OF DURHAM 367 

795) John Clough, William Ballard, Capt. Jonathan Woodman, Jr. 

796, John Clough, Jonathan Woodman, Zebulon Durgin. 

797, John Clough, Jonathan Woodman, Zebulon Durgin. 

798, John Clough, Capt. Jonathan Woodman, Joseph Richardson. 
799) John Clough, Jonathan Woodman, Daniel Smith. 

800, Jonathan Steele, Jonathan Chesley, Zebulon Durgin. 

801, Capt. Jeremiah B. Mooney, John Clough, Capt. Daniel Smith. 

802, Valentine Smith, William Jones, Lt. Robert Mathes. 

803, \"alentinc Smith, William Jones, Robert Mathes. 

804, \'alentine Smith, Ebenezer Doe, Robert Mathes. 

805, \'alentine Smith, Ebenezer Doe, Daniel Mathes. 

806, Ebenezer Doe, William Cogan, Jacob Odel. 

807, Joseph Jones Torr, Jonathan Woodman, Andrew Emerson. 

808, Valentine Smith, James Joy, Abraham Perkins. 

809, Valentine Smith, James Joy, Joseph Jones Torr. 

810, Ebenezer Doe, Zebulon Durgin, Thomas Jones. 

811, Daniel Smith, Joseph Coe, Samuel Langley. 

812, William Demeritt, Daniel Smith, Joseph Coe. 

813, X'alcntine Smith, Joseph Coe, Jacob Odell. 

814, \'alcntine Smith, Jacob Odell, William Wiggin. 

815, Winthrop Smith, William Wiggin, Andrew G. Smith. 

816, Winthrop Smith, William Wiggin, Samuel Yeaton. 

817, Daniel Mathes, Winthrop Smith, Ebenezer Doe. 

818, \'alcntine Smith, Joseph Coe, George Hull. 

819, Joseph Coe, George Hull, James Chesley. 

820, Seth S. W'alker, Andrew G. Smith, Joseph Chesley, 3d. 

821, .Andrew G. Smith, Joseph Chesley, 3d, Daniel Mathes. 

822, .Andrew G. Smith, William Wiggin, Joseph W^ Page. 

823, Joseph Coe, William Wiggin, Joseph W. Page. 

824, Ebenezer Thompson, .Andrew G. Smith, James Langley. 

825, Ebenezer Thompson, .Andrew G. Smith, James Langley. 

826, Ebenezer Thompson, .Andrew G. Smith, James Langley. 

827, Andrew G. Smith, William Wiggin, John Farnham. 

828, .Andrew G. Smith, John Mooncy, George Dame. 

829, .Andrew G. Smith, John .Mooney, George Dame. 

830, .Andrew G. Smith, William Wiggin, William J. Chesley. 

831, Valentine Smith, William J. Chesley, Edward Griffiths. 

832, \'alentine Smith, Edward Griffiths, Benjamin Kelly. 

833, Valentine Smith, William Demeritt, William Jenkins. 

834, \'alentine Smith, Willliam Demeritt, William Jenkins. 

835, Samuel Burnham, James Furnald, Jonathan Dockum. 

836, Samuel Burnham, Stephen Demeritt, Benjamin Kelly. 

837, Stephen Demeritt, William Jenkins, Moses H. Wiggin. 

838, Samuel Burnkam, .Abraham Mathes, John Yeaton. 

839, Samuel Burnham, William Chesley, Winthrop Smith. 

840, Benjamin KelK', Winthrop Smith, Washington G. Mathes. 

841, Winthrop Smith, Moses H. Wiggin, Clark D. Thompson. 

842, Winthrop Smith, George J. Wiggin, Joseph Young, 2d. 



368 HISTORY OF DURHAM 

1843, Stephen Demeritt, George J. Wiggin, Winthrop Smith. 

1844, Stephen Demeritt, Joseph Young, 2d, John Mathes. 

1845, Edward Griffiths, John Mathes, Joseph Burnham, Jr. 

1846, Oliver C. Demeritt, John S. Shaw, William J. Chesley. 

1847, George J. Wiggin, Daniel Smith, Alfred Smith. 

1848, Joseph Young, 2d, Greenleaf Nute, William J. Chesley. 

1849, Daniel Smith, Greenleaf Nute, Jacob B. Thompson. 

1850, Stephen Demeritt, Benjamin Doe, Jacob B. Thompson. 

1 85 1, Daniel Smith, Benjamin Doe, Jacob B. Thompson. 

1852, Daniel Smith, Jeremiah Drew, Stephen Meader. 

1853, Joseph Young, 2d, Jeremiah Drew, Nathaniel E. Thompson. 

1854, Joseph Young, 2d, Nathaniel E. Thompson, Greenleaf Nute. 

1855, Ebenezer Thompson, James Butler, Smith Emerson. 

1856, Greenleaf Nute, Thomas J. Haines, Rufus W. Willey. 

1857, Greenleaf Nute, Thomas J. Haines, Jacob B. Thompson. 

1858, Charles F. Woodman, James M. Bunker, John Drew. 

1859, Charles F. Woodman, Joseph S. Burnham, John Drew. 
i860, Joseph S. Burnham, William Wiggin, John Emerson. 

1861, William Wiggin, John Emerson, James M. Smart. 

1862, Joshua B. Smith, John E. Thompson, George W. Butler. 

1863, Joshua B. Smith, Solomon H. Brock, Cyrus G. Smith. 

1864, Joshua B. Smith, Jacob Mathes, George W. Butler. 

1865, Joshua B. Smith, Jacob Mathes, W^arren Smith. 

1866, Joshua B. Smith, Warren Smith, Eben Kent. 

1867, Joseph S. Burnham, Eben Kent, Joseph C. Bartlett. 

1868, Joseph S. Burnham, Joseph C. Bartlett, John H. Mathes. 

1869, Joseph S. Burnham, Joseph C. Bartlett, Nathaniel Stevens. 

1870, Joseph S. Burnham, Ephraim Jenkins, Winthrop S. Meserve. 

1 87 1, Ephraim Jenkins, Winthrop S. Meserve, Hamilton A. Mathes. 

1872, Hamilton A. Mathes, Joshua B. Smith, Calvin Sanders. 

1873, Joshua B. Smith, Calvin Sanders, Daniel T. Woodman. 

1874, Joshua B. Smith, John S. Chesley, Moses G. Woodman. 

1875, Joshua B. Smith, Daniel T. Woodman, Jeremiah Langley. 

1876, Joshua B. Smith, Jeremiah Langley, Hilliard F. Fogg. 
^877, Joshua B. Smith, Hilliard F. Fogg, Albert Young. 

1878, Joshua B. Smith, Albert Young, William B. Langmaid. 

1879, John McDaniel, William B. Langmaid, David A. Stevens. 

1880, John McDaniel, Joseph C. Bartlett, Mark H. Mathes. 

1881, Joseph C. Bartlett, Mark H. Mathes, Joshua B. Smith. 

1882, Mark H. Mathes, Joshua B. Smith, Frank E. Giles. 

1883, Joshua B. Smith, John S. Chesley, Stephen Rand. 

1884, Joshua B. Smith, Stephen Rand, Charles E. Hoitt. 

1885, John Dennison, Charles E. Hoitt, Frank E. Doe. 

1886, Charles E. Hoitt, Frank E. Doe, Samuel Runlett, Jr. 

1887, Frank E. Doe, Samuel Runlett, Jr., Joseph M. R. Adams. 

1888, Samuel Runlett, Jr., Eben M. Davis, Daniel Chesley. 

1889, Eben M. Davis, Daniel Chesley, Samuel H. Craig. 

1890, Daniel Chesley, Andrew E. Meserve, Jabez H. Stevens. 



HISTORY OF DURHAM 369 

1891, Jeremiah Langley, Edward A. Marston, Charles A. Smart. 

1892, Jeremiah Langley, Jabez H. Stevens, Joshua B. Smith. 

1893, Jabez H. Stevens, Joshua B. Smith, Arioch W. Griffiths. 

1894, Jabez H. Stevens, Joshua B. Smith, Arioch W. Griffiths. 

1895, Daniel T. Woodman, Daniel Chesley, Frank E. Doe. 

1896, Daniel Chesley, Frank E. Doe, George S. Caverno. 

1897, James W. Burnham, George H. Whitcher, Charles E. Hoitt. 

1898, James W. Burnham, Charles E. Hoitt, Stephen P. Chesley. 

1899, James \V. Burnham, Charles E. Hoitt, Stephen P. Chesley. 

1900, James B. Burnham, Charles E. Hoitt, Stephen P. Chesley. 

1901, Charles E. Hoitt, George G. Hoitt, James W. Burnham. 

1902, Charles E. Hoitt, Frank E. Doe, Patrick J. Connor. 

1903, Frank E. Doe, Charles E. Hoitt, Ira B. Hill. 

1904, Ira B. Hill, Frank E. Doe, Charles E. Hoitt. 

1905, Frank E. Doe, Charles A. Smart, Patrick J. Connor. 

1906, Charles A. Smart, Patrick J. Connor, David H. Fogg. 

1907, Charles A. Smart, Patrick J. Connor, David H. Fogg. 

1908, David H. Fogg, Charles A. Smart, Wilbert S. Chesley. 

1909, David H. Fogg, Wilbert S. Chesley, Charles E. Hoitt. 

1910, Wilbert S. Chesley, Harry R. Hill, Charles E. Hoitt. 

191 1, Charles E. Hoitt, Harry R. Hill, James G. Smart. 

1912, Harry R. Hill, James G. Smart, Charles E. Hoitt. 
i9i3> James G. Smart, Charles E. Hoitt, Fred Philbrick. 



24 



HEADS OF FAMILIES IN DURHAM, N. H. 
First Census of the United States, 1790 



O rt X 



Name of Head of Family «'« 5? „ I k 



a; ic 






.-SMS 

J= »■=:= 3 S -a.E- 



Adams, Samuel i i 4 

Appleby, Joseph i 2 

Appleby, Thos i i i 

Angier, John I i 

Appleby, Wm i 2 i 

Boynton, Joseph i 4 2 

Burnham, Edward i i i 

Blydenburgh, John I 4 

Bunker, Benjamin 2 3 6 

Ballard, Joshua 3 2 5 

Ballard, Wm i 

Burnham, Pike i i 3 

Bennett, x'\brahm 

Bennett, John 4 4 

Burnham, Jeremh 3 i 2 

Bicktord, Esther i 3 

Burnham, Robert I i 

Bunker, t^phm i 4 6 

Bickford, Reuben 2 i 4 

Burnham, John 2 3 3 

Burnham, Saml i 2 

Bickford, Benja i 

Bickford, Winthrp . . 3 3 

Bennett, Eleazr i i 6 

Brock, Wm 2 4 

Butler, James i 

Burleigh, Isaac 2 i 4 

( hesley, Joseph 3 i 3 

Coe, Curtis 2 3 4 

Critchet, James : i 

371 



372 



HISTORY OF DURHAM 



Name of Head of Family 



Chesley, Benja. . . . 
Chesley, Benja., Jr. 
Crocksford, Daniel. 

Chesley, Isaac 

Coldbath, John. . . . 
Chesley, Mary. . . . 
Cogan, Stephen. . . 
Chesley, Col. Saml. 
Chesley, Sarah . . . . 
Clough, Ephm., Jr. 

Clough, John 

Crummett, Jacob. . 

Crockett, Jona 

Daniels, Elipht. . . . 

Doe, Wiggin 

Drew, Saml 

Durgin, Mary 

Drew, Andrew .... 
Durell, Benmore. . . 

Davis, Ephm 

Dame, George 

Denbo, Ichabod . . . 
Demeritt, Israel . . . 

Dame, Joseph 

Davis, James 

Davis, Daniel 

Demeritt, Nathl. . . 
Durgin, James. . . . 

Davis, Love 

Doe, Benja 

Davis, David 

Davis, Thos 

Doe, Ebenzr 

Dame, John 

Durgin, Joseph . . . . 



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CO 



HISTORY OF DURHAM 



373 



Name of Head of Family 



Durgin, Trueworthy. 
Durgin, Zebulon. . . . 

Davis, Levi 

Dearbon, James. ... 

13urgin, Wni „, 

Durgin, Eliza 

Durgin, Stephn 

Emerson, Timothy. . 

Edgerly, Ebenzr 

Edgerly, Samuel .... 

Edgerly, John 

Edgerly, Moses 

Edgerly, Moses, Jr. . . 
Edgerly, Saml. Jr. . . . 
Emerson, Edward W. 
Emerson, Joseph. . . . 

Frost, George 

Furnass, Patrick. . . . 

Folsom, James 

Griffin, Hannah 

Gillmorc, James. . . . 

Grover, John 

Grant, Thos 

Hard}', Theops 

Ham, Thos 

Jackson, Laskey. . . . 

Jones, Stephn 

Jenkins, Nathl 

Joy, Saml 

Jewett, Noah 

Jewell, Bradbury. . . . 

Jackson, Enoch 

Jones, Robert 

Knight, John 

Kent, Richd 



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374 



HISTORY OF DURHAM 



Name of Head of Family 



Kent, Lydia 

Leathers, Abednego. 

Leathers, Benja 

Leighton, James. . . . 
Langley, Joseph .... 

Libby, John 

Lapish, Robert 

Leathers, SamI 

Leighton, Tobias. . . . 
Lapish, Robert, Jr. . . 
Leathers, Robert. . . . 
Langley, Valentine. . 

Meserve, Timo 

Meader, Isaac 

Mathes, Valentine. . . 

Mathes, Benja 

Meserve, Ebenzr. . . . 

Munroe, John 

Neal, Joshua 

Nutter, Christopher.. 

Nutter, Lemuel 

Pinkham, Thos 

Pindexter, Thos 

Pendergast, Dennis. . 
Pendergast, Edmund 
Pendergast, John ... 

Pitman, George 

Pindar, Thos 

Perkins, Wm 

Pindar, Wm 

Pindar, Jeremh 

Pinkham, Abijah . . . . 

Ryan, Michael 

Richards, Bartho. . . . 
Richardson, Joseph. . 



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2 2 

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2 2 2 
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246 
III 

I I 8 

3 I I 
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3 I 2 
112 

I 3 6 
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I 2 
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HISTORY f)F DURHAM 



375 



Name of Head of Family 



Spinney, Wm 

Sullivan, Jno 

Smith, Benja 

Smith, John 3d 

Smith, Robert 

Smith, Jno 

Smith, John, Jr 

Smith, Ebenzr 

Stephen, Cornelius. . . 

Stephens, Benja 

Stevens, John 

Stevenson, John 

Steel, Jona 

Starboard, John 

Spencer, Abednego. . . 

Spencer, John 

Spencer, Levi 

Smith, Joseph 

Thomas, James 

Thomas, Joseph 

Thomas, Joseph, Jr.. . 
Thompson, Ebenz. . . . 
Thompson, Ebenz., Jr. 

Thompson, Jona 

Thompson, John 

Thompson, Edmund . . 

Thompson, Thos 

Tucker, Henry 

Taylor, Thomas 

Thompson, Benja 

Tripp, Benja 

Thompson, Samuel. . . 
Woodman, Jona., Jr.. 

Woodman, Jona 

Williams, Jona 



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376 



HISTORY OF DURHAM 



Name of Head of Family 



Welch, John 

Wiggin, Issachar. . . 
Wormwood, Joseph 

Willey, Benja 

Willey, Jeremh. . . . 

Willey, James 

Willey, Robert. . . . 
Willey, Theodore . . 
Willey, Jeremh., Jr. 
Woodman, Jacob. . 
Woodman, Lemuel. 
Willey, Valentine . . 
Young, Joseph .... 

Yeaton, Saml 

Watson, Henry. . . . 
Jackson, James. . . . 
Dealing, Abigail. . . 

Davis, Micah 

Leathers, Ezekl. . . . 

Willey, Thos. 

Bunker, Zachr 

Cromwell, Saml. . . . 
Cromwell, Saml. Jr. 

Bickford, Jona 

Bickford, Eliakim. . 

Smart, John 

Smart, Bartho 

Beck, Abigail 

Rollings, Sarah . . . . 
Coldbath, Sarah. . . 
Durgin, Henry. . . . 

Durgin, Philip 

Sharp, Abigail 

Gerrish, Peggy. . . . 
Dearbon, Mary. . . . 



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HISTORY OF DURHAM 377 

Jag S !« I 

Name of Head of Family „'a <* ^ <n "f i 

a„,-§= :hS :s.h:5 J 

Willey, Mary 3 

Smith, John, 4: i i i 

Noble, Stephn 2 2 3 

Drisco, Sarah i 

Bean, P^benez i i 2 

Flint, Polly i 3 

Marston, Levi 3 3 3 

Simson, Wm-. i 2 4 

Banter, John i 3 3 

Folsom, Joseph i i 2 

Langley, Jno I i 

Eastman, Wm i i i 

Webster, Reuben i 

Chace, Oliver i 

Drew, Joseph i I 

Smith, Jonatha i 2 

Dutch, Jno I 

Nutter, Matthias i i 2 

Crocket, Jno i . i 

Hunskum, Lucy 2 

Swain, Razar i 2 

Durant, John i 2 i 

Parsons, Jona i i 

Cromwell, Mary. I 5 

Evans, Stephen i 5 

Copied by Lucien Thompson, Durham N. H., May 14, 1908. 



MARRIACiES NOT ELSEWHERE MENTIONED IN THIS 

HISTORY* 

By the Rev. Hugh Adams 

March 25, 17 19, William Miles and Hannah Heth. 

May 18, 1727, Nathan Taylor and Mary Barber. 

Nov. 23, 1727, Joseph Whitten and Elizabeth Gray. 

Jan. 16, 1727, James Lindsey and Ann Gypson. 

May 2, 1728, Joseph Hill of Kittery and Abigail Libbey. 

Dec. 19, 1728, Pomfret Whitehouse and Jerusha Shepherd. 

Jan. 12 1728/9, Samuel Drown and Martha Tibbets. 

April 10, 1729, John Borman of Falmouth and widow Elizabeth 

Fisk of Newmarket. 
May 29, 1729, Ichabod Tibbets. widower, and Patience Nock. 

By The Rev. John Adams 

Feb. I, 1749/50 James Morrison and Mary Kelsey, both of 
Barrington. 

Feb. 26, 1750/51, Thomas Young of Newmarket and Mary 
Huntress of Newington. 

May 22, 1 75 1, Amos Howard and Sarah Damm, both of Somers- 
worth. 

Nov. 14, 1751, John Moe and Elizabeth McCutchin, both of 
Barrington. 

Oct. II, 1752, Lazarus Rowe and Mary Webber, both of Green- 
land. 

Nov. 16, 1752, John Johnson and Mary Kenniston, of New- 
market. 

July 24, 1754, Thomas Evans and Hannah Buzzell, both of 
Dover. 

No^•. I, 1754, James Nelson and Hannah Kenniston, both of 
Newmarket. 

Aug. I, 1754, Samuel Chapman and Mary Barber, both of New- 
market. 

Dec. 3, 1754, Hugh Little and Hulda Rines, both of Durham. 

Dec. 26, 1754, John Sanborn of Newmarket and Mary Glidden 
of Durham. 

* In the following records the original spelling has been retained. 

379 



380 HISTORY OF DURHAM 

Feb. 7, 1755, Samuel Wallis and Sedeny Tilley, both of Barring- 
ton. 
March 9, 1755, Joseph Applebee and Eleanor Kenniston, both of 

Durham. 
July 4, 1755, Jonathan Fiske and Sarah Welch, both of Durham. 
Dec. II, 1755, John Hartford and Bethiah Rollins, both of New- 
market. 
May 18, 1756, Benjamin Hall and Patience Tibbetts, both of 

Durham. 
Dec. 31, 1756, Christopher Gould and Elizabeth Waters, both 

of Durham. 
July 19, 1757, Joseph Simpson of Greenland and Anne Simpson 

of Durham. 
Sept. 19, 1757, Benjamin Evans and Hannah Chiles, both of 

Durham. 
Nov. 17, 1757, Zebulon Glidden of Durham and Temperance 

Whidden of Newmarket. 
Dec. 15, 1757, Joseph Palmer of Hampton and Lydia Glidden of 

Durham. 
Sept. 21, 1758, Ebenezer Townsend and Mary Glidden, both of 

Durham. 
May 8, 1760, Nathaniel White and Grace Roberts, both of 

Durham. 
Jan. 18, 1761, Benjamin Glazier and Mary Brown, both of 

Durham. 
Feb. 28, 1 761, Elisha Tool [Towle] and Anne Sanborn, both of 

Durham. 
Sept. 6, 1 761, Richard Bowers and Mary Barnet, both of Durham. 
Dec. 30, 1762, William Foss, 3rd, and Elizabeth Clay, both of 

Durham. 

By The Rev. Curtis Coe 

Jan 2, 1781, Levi Robinson of Nottingham and Rachel Rines. 

Aug. 2, 1781, Samuel Field and Miss Anna Nock. 

March 13, 1783, Samuel Bickford and Miss Deborah Elwell. 

June 7, 1783, Benjamin Tripp and Mrs. Hannah Gage. 

Nov. 14, 1784, George Bunker of Barnstead and Miss Alice- 

. Smith. 
Dec. 28, 1784, John Smart and Miss Molly Adams. 
March 26, 1785, Levi Davis and Olive Noble. 



HISTORY OF DURHAM 38 1 

May 16, 1785, Donald McDonald and Miss Rhoda Grover. 
July 24, 1785, Moses Drew and Miss Hannah Willey. 
Sept. 18, 1785, Jeremiah Willey, Jr., and Miss Sally Johnson. 
March 20, 1786, Solomon Davis and Miss Temperance Colbath. 
Dec. 18, 1786, John Knowlton of Boscawen and Elizabeth 

Langley. 
Feb. 21, 1787, Ebenezer Bean and Anne Whitham. 
April 8, 1787, William Applebee and Mrs. Sally Langley. 
June 24, 1787, Jonathan Drew of Windham and Miss Eleanor 

Hicks. 
June 21, 1788, Matthias Nutter, Jr., of Newington and Miss 

Betsey Colbath. 
Dec. 31, 1789, Valentine Willey and Miss Hannah Hearne. 
Jan. 7, 1782, Joseph Kent of Gilmanton and Miss Margaret 

Jordan. 
Oct. I, 1789, William Nute of Dover and Miss Polly Davis of 

Mad bury. 
July 12, 1791, Reuben Cook and Miss Elizabeth Bickford. 
Oct. 2, 1791, Oliver Chase and Miss Polly Chase. 
Nov. 24, 1791, Samuel Willey and Miss Jennie Follet. 
Dec. 9, 1 791, Stephen Brock of Durham and Miss Abigail Bunker 

of Madbury. 
Jan. 18, 1792, Nicholas Robinson of Epping and Miss Mary Wil- 
ley of Hampton. 
Sept. 18, 1792, John Clark of Rochester and Miss Betsey Langley. 
Nov. 7, 1793, W^illiam Campbell and Miss Elizabeth Bunker. 
March 16, 1794, John Bickford and Miss Sally Bracey. 
April 6, 1794, Thomas Bennett of Newmarket and Miss Patience 

Ham. 
Nov. 2, 1794, Rufus Wiggin of Stratham and Miss Sally Edgerley. 
May 10, 1795, Benjamin French Brown and Miss Sally Bickford. 
Aug. 16, 1795, Samuel York and Miss Miriam Frye, both of Lee. 
Dec. 31, 1795, Anthony Vincent of Newington and Miss Betsey 

Rogers. 
Feb. 21, 1796, William Shepard of New Holdcrness and Miss 

Hannah Hill of Madbury. 
Jan. 8, 1797, James Carter of Tamworth and Miss Nancy Edgerley. 
Feb. II, 1798, Joseph French of Epping and Miss Hannah Ham. 
March i, 1798, Daniel Hanson and Miss Sally Smith. 



382 HISTORY OF DURHAM 

May 8, 1798, Jonathan Elliott of Epping and Mrs. Elizabeth 

Glidden of Lee. 
Dec. 30 1799, Joseph Pitman of Ossipee and Mrs. Ruth Colbath. 
Jan. I, 1801, Hugh Cox of Lee and Miss Sally Davis. 
March 29, 1801, William Simpson of Boston and Miss Betty 

Hanson. 
April 26, 1801, James Fogg and Miss Deborah Woodlock. 
April 26, 1801, Joseph Ballard of Rochester and Miss Sally 

Per ley. 
July 2, 1801, Joseph Hodgdon of Rochester and Miss Abigail 

Pitman. 
Jan. 13, 1803, Josiah Folsom of Portsmouth and Miss Sally 

Hull. 
Sept. I, 1803, John Smith of Barrington and Miss Sarah Clark 

of Madbury. 
Dec. 8, 1803, Thomas Willey of Madbury and Miss Mary 

Meader. 
Oct. 14, 1804, John Smith and Miss Abigail Crocket. 
Sept. 19, 1805, Samuel Marsh and Miss Hannah Johnson. 

By The Rev. Federal Burt. 

Nov. 19, 1 81 7, Ebenezer Hanson of Dover and Abigail Paul of 

Somersworth. 
Jan. 18, 1818, Stephen Starbird and Miss Tamson Nute. 
Jan. 15, 1818, John P. Neal and Miss Sally Clements, both of 

Dover. 
March 15, 1818, Thomas Kief of Stratham and Miss Abigail 

Cole of Madbury. 
June 15, 1818, Daniel Fowler, Jr., and Miss Nancy Buzzell. 
June 21, 1818, Charles Woodman, Esq., and Miss Mary W. Gage,. 

both of Dover. 
Dec. 17, 1818, Samuel Hayes and Miss Lydia Young. 
Jan. II, 1819, Asa Seaver of Rochester and Miss Abigail Turner 

of Dover. 
April 5, 1819, William J. Tomson of South Berwick and Miss- 

Abigail M. Wentworth of Somersworth. 
April 14, 1819, Robert Martin of Newcastle and Miss Sarah Ana 

Tuttle of Dover. 
Jan. 13 1820, John Leathers and Miss Nancy Morse. 



HISTORY OF DURHAM 383, 

April 5, 1820, John H. Prescott of Gilmanton and Miss Sally 

C. Meserve of North wood. 
Aug. 19, 1 82 1, Stephen Davis and Miss Clarissa Trickey. 
Sept. 13, 1 82 1, John Smart and Miss Prudence I. Tuttle. 
Sept. 16, 1821, Samuel Gate of Alton and Miss Catherine Jenkins 

of Mad bury. 
June 30, 1822, Enoch Chase of Boston and Miss Maria Lord of 

Somersworth. 
July 9, 1822, Jeremiah Buzzell and Miss Ann Winkley, both of 

Harrington. 
June 10, 1823, Ebenezer Ford of Nottingham and Miss EHza 

Sherburn of Northwood. 
Nov. 30 1823, Joseph W. Page and Miss Mary Ann Oilman of 

Dover. 
Dec. 10, 1823, Stephen Quint and Miss Nancy Clay. 
Aug. 15, 1824, Richard Downing of Newington and Miss Ann 

Twombly. 
Sept. 9, 1824, Benjamin Ford and Miss Sarah York, both of 

Dover. 
Sept. 12, 1824, George W. Prince and Miss Martha Ham, both 

of Dover. 
Nov. 28, 1824, John Wentworth, 2d, of Somersworth and Miss 

Statira Godwin of Berwick. 
Nov. 28, 1824, John L. Thorndike and Miss Maria Joy, both of 

Pittsfield. 
Jan. 5. 1825, Daniel Cram and Miss Edna Ela, both of New- 
market. 
May 8, 1825, Joseph Hanson, Jr., and Miss Hannah March, both 

of Rochester. 
May 19, 1825, Alonzo Roberts and Miss Mary Torr, both of 

Dover. 
May 19, 1825, Andrew Varney and Miss Susan Footman, both 

of Dover. 
Oct. 23, 1825, Benjamin Gerrish of Milton and Miss Margaret 

H. Howard of Dover. 
Nov. 20, 1825, Jeremiah O. Lcgg and Miss Jane Clarke, both of 

Dover. 
Feb. 9, 1826, David Manson and Miss Jane F. Grover, both of 

Dover. 
July 6, 1826, Josiah Sanborn and Miss Harriet Bean. 



384 HISTORY OF DURHAM 

Dec. 25, 1826, Micajah Leathers and Miss Hannah Whipple, 
both of Dover. 

Oct. 14, 1827, Nathaniel Clarke of Somersworth and Miss Char- 
lotte Ham of Dover. 

By The Rev. William Demeritt. 

Oct. 16, 1816, George Hooper and Hannah York. 

June 16, 1818, Thomas Limber and Phebe Chesley. 

June 22, 1817, Joseph Patten and Olive Edes. 

Dec. 2, 1817, Jonathan Glover and Betsy Langmade. 

Dec. 14, 1817, John Tibbetts and Mary Hanson. 

April 26, 1818, Andrew B. Shute and Patience Grover. 

April 30, 1818, Job Clay and Eleanor Daniels. 

Jan. 14, 1819, Daniel Young and Eleanor Smith. 

Aug. 8, 1818, John Ham and Joan McNeal. 

Sept. 9, 1819, Paul Henderson and Ann Drew. 

Dec. I, 1819, Samuel Lamos and Susan Langmade. 

Jan. 8, 1820, Richard James Harvey and Abigail Hall. 

May 25, 1820, Benjamin Waterhouse and Rebecca Manson. 

June 10, 1820, Samuel Quint and Abigail Glover. 

July 23, 1820, John Ham and Lydia Ham. 

Aug. 20, 1820, David Bickford and Elizabeth Jenness. 

Aug. 20, 1820, Ephraim L. Bickford and Sally Davis. 

Jan. 7, 1821, James McDuffee and Hannah Ham. 

April 22, 1 82 1, Samuel Drew and Sally Tuttle. 

June 24, 1 82 1, John Twombly and Mary Ham. 

July 4, 1821, Miles Davis and Betsey Rendell. 

July 29, 1 82 1, Joseph Young and Mary Tibbetts. 

Oct. 22, 1 82 1, Stephen Jenness and Anna Seavy. 

Nov. 28, 1 82 1, Samuel Hall and Mary Grover. 

Nov. 29, 1 82 1, Warren Langley and Mary Peirce. 

Jan. 24, 1822, Jacob Hayes and Margaret Hayes. 

March 17, 1822, Ebenezer Buzzell and Hannah Caldwell. 

April 4, 1822, Curtis Clay and Lattice Colbath. 

Aug. 8, 1822, John Sherborn and Sally Gear. 

Nov. 1822, James Thompson and Elizabeth Clarenbrook. 

Feb. 2, 1823, Samuel Hanson and Sarah H. Snell. 

March 27, 1823, Joseph Knight and Tamsen Carswell. 

, 1823, Jonathan Ham. Jr., and Sally Wiggins. 

March 30, 1823, Moses Nute and Clarissa Pinkham. 



HISTORY OF DURHAM 385 

May II, 1823, James Bickford and Ann Arlin. 

May 18, 1823, John Sant and Comfort Willey. 

May 25, 1823, George P. Savory and Lydia Ham. 

Nov. 13, 1823, Elezer Young and Keziah Rowe. 

Jan. II, 1824, Solomon Jenness and Phebe Taylor. 

Feb. 5, 1824, Moses Hodgdon and Eliza Daniels. 

May 3, 1824, Jacob Hall and Abigail Daniels. 

Sept. — , 1824, Timothy Brewster and Eliza Young. 

Nov. — , 1824, Thomas Jackson and Ann Turner. 

March — , 1825, Bartholom Berrey and Nancy P. Whitehouse. 

May — , 1825, Nathaniel Brock and Nancy Drew. 

, 1825, Thomas Verner and Sophia Canald. 

Nov. — , 1825, Rufus Wilkinson and Catherine Bunker. 
Nov. — , 1825, John S. Whitehouse and Abigail Bickford. 
Dec. — , 1825, William Palmer and Penniel Hall. 

, 1825, John Flanders and Mary McNeal. 

, 1826, Timothy Hanson and Abigail Chesley. 

Jan. — , 1826, Levi Cram and Lovey Bunker. 

Feb. — , 1826, Ransom Haines and Mary Chesley. 

March 5, 1826, Francis P. Channell and Olive H. Chapman. 

Aug. 24, 1826, William Hooper and Sarah Dcmeritt. 

Oct. 8, 1826, Hiram Cockran and Mary Emerson. 

Nov. 23, 1826, James Hanson and Mary Gear. 

Dec. 23, 1826, Joel Mirison and Emely Underwood. 

Jan. 23, 1827, Nathaniel Church and Patience Hanson. 

Jan. 29, 1827, Joseph Putney and Sarah Whitmore. 

Dec. 9, 1827, Robert Stacey and Lydia Ann Wiggins. 

Dec. 23, 1827, Joseph Gear and Margaret Gear. 

April 4, 1827, John Tibbitts and Ann Buzzell. 

April 9, 1827, Samuel Langmade and Elizabeth Woodman. 

June 14, 1827, Oliver Chiidbourne and Mary Torr. 

Sept. 4, 1827, El)enezer Boynton and Mary Ann Pinkham. 

Oct. 14, 1827, John Hayes and Mary Bunker. 

Nov. 4, 1827, David Robinson and Martha Ham. 

March 30, 1828, Ezekiel Cutler and Eliza N. Nudd. 

May 4. 1828, Nathaniel Garland and Harriet Pickering. 

June 5, 1828, John Cram and Phebe C. Ricker. 

June 22, 1828, John Frost and Mary Ann Savory. 

July 8, 1828, Benjamin Prescott and Charlotta Jackson. 

Aug. 8, 1828, Oliver Tuttle and Sarah Ham. 

25 



386 HISTORY OF DURHAM 

Aug. 31, 1828, Samuel Libbey and Malenda Hussey. 

Sept. 4, 1828, Richard Stevenson and Sally Wintworth. 

Nov. 13, 1828, Oliver Varney and Abigail Ham. 

April 12, 1829, Joseph Downing and Elizabeth Holland. 

April 23, 1829, Daniel Ham, Jr., and Sarah Bickford. 

June 4, 1829, William Weeks, Jr., and Sarah Richardson. 

Oct. 8, 1829, James L. Clark and Martha Jackson. 

Jan. 27, 1830, Stephen H. Nute and Nancy Allen. 

April 18, 1830, Miles Tuttle and Lucinda H. Davis. 

Oct. 7, 1830, George York and Mary Haddock. 

Nov. 18, 1830, Michael B. Tuttle and Mary Hull. 

Nov. 24, 1830, Asa Clay and Polly Lamos. 

Dec. 16, 1830, Dan Woodman and Lucy Campbel. 

Feb. 24, 1831, Johnson Loveren and Caroline Glover. 

April 7, 1831, George Smith and Mary P. McDaniels. 

May 12, 1831, John Knight and Hannah Drew. 

June 29, 1 831, George W. Caverno and Hannah Ricker. 

July 12, 1831, Samuel Sherborn and Elizabeth Swain. 

July 26, 1831, Abraham B. Snell and Olive Gear. 

Aug. 18, 1831, Alexander Tuttle and Lucinda A. Bennett. 

Oct. 18, 1831, Paul Snell and Lydia Tibbetts. 

Nov. 27. 1 83 1, Edward V. Perkins and Sophia Watson. 

Dec. 25, 1831, Charles H. Parkes and Lucy Ann Scriggins. 

Feb. 6, 1832, Nathaniel Snell and Avis Williams. 

Feb. 19, 1832, George W. Thompson and Harriet P. Shepperd. 

March 5, 1831, Solomon Jenness and Elizabeth Alen. 

March 25, 1832, Archalus Martin and Hannah G. Campbell. 

April 15, 1832, Minot Langmade and Loisa Willame. 

Sept. 30, 1832, Calvin Pickering and Mary Bunker. 

Oct. 3, 1832, Hail P. Daney and Permela C. Furnold. 

Nov. 15, 1832, Stephen P. Smith and Mary P. Clark. 

June 3, 1833, Thompson Jackson and Mary Ann Page. 

June 16, 1833, Amos H. Gerry and Lucy Ann Keniston. 

March 30, 1833, William H. Trip and Mary Boin. 

April — , 1833, Wingate Twombly and Loisa Curtis. 

May 2, 1833, Daniel Tuxbury and Sarah Ann Sherburne. 

June 23, 1833, Samuel B. Gerrish and Milenda C. Eliot. 

Aug. 29, 1833, Horatio Fogg and Mary L. Durgin. 

April 26, 1834, Mathew Hodgdon and Susan Snell. 

April 4, 1835, Richard Pinkham and Martha Clay. 



HISTORY OF DURHAM 387 

June 2, 1835, Shurburne Smith and Abigail P. Runlett. 

Aug. 5, 1835, Thomas Glover and Alice Barker. 

Sept. 20, 1835, Jonathan Young and Sophia M. Ricker. 

Oct. 25, 1835, Joseph H. Joy and Jane Straw. 

Nov. 25, 1835, Nathaniel Adams and Presella Foss. 

Nov. 25, 1835, Tobias Bunker and Sally B. Buzzcll. 

May 18, 1836, John Shurborn and Nancy Shackford. 

June 18, 1836, Nathaniel Tutlle and Martha Ann Ham. 

Nov. 29, 1836, William H. Clark and Mary E. Hoite. 

Jan. 22, 1837, Oliver Tuttle and Francis Gray. 

Aug. 10, 1837, John B. Furber and Louisa T. Bachelder. 

Oct. 19, 1837, Charles Young and Permela P. Snow. 

Nov. 12, 1837, Edward Doer and Sophia Hanson. 

Dec. 17, 1837, Nathaniel Stevenson and Olive Wintworth. 

June 24, 1838, Pike H. Harvey and Mary Ann Chapman. 

Nov. 4, 1838, Nicholas Pinkham and Olive Murphey. 

Nov. 14, 1838, Joseph Jenkins and Mehitable Bunker. 

Nov. 7, 1838, John Williams and Sally G. Doe. 

Dec. 2, 1838, Phinehas Wintworth and Abigail Willey. 

April 23, 1840, Henry Davis and Ann M. Housmer. 

Miscellaneous Marrl\ges 

Aug. — , 1807, George Smith and Miss Betsey Garland. 

July 12, 1808, Benjamin Trickey and Miss Betsey Appleby. 

July 3, 1810, Dr. Jonathan Greeley of Dover and Miss Susanna 
Richardson. 

May 30, 181 1, James Huntress of Bartlett and Miss Salle Wille. 

Sept. 19, 1814, William French and Rebecca Ricker. 

Oct. 15, 1828, Joscpii Hartwell of Canton, Mass., and Miss 
Betse\' Rile>' of Dox'cr. 

June 9, 1829, Daniel Martin, Esq., of Wolfeborough and Sophia 
W. Fernald. 

Jan. 3, 1830, George Knight and Elizabeth Twombh'. 

Jan. II, 1833. Oliver Colman and Mehitable Clark. 

April 6, 1834, James Woodes and Miss Meribah Jones. 

April 17, 1834, Plato Waldron and Elizabeth Kelly, both of 
Dover. 

Jul>- 10, 1834, John Cia\ and Miss L\clia Daniels. 

Sept. 14, 1834, Jacob Barney of Lowell, Mass., and Miss Eliza- 
beth Pickering. 



388 HISTORY OF DURHAM 

Sept. 6, 1836, Joseph Garland, Jr., of Rye and Miss Elizabeth 

Garland of Nottingham. 
Dec. 21, 1836, John D. Goodwin and Miss Susan B. Chase" 

both of Newmarket. 
Aug. 21, 1836, William H. Gage of Lowell, Mass., and Miss Harriet 

C. Libbey. 
Oct. II, 1836, William French, Jr., and Miss Sarah A. Gate. 
Nov. 30, 1836, Isaac M. Nute of Dover and Miss Mary Ann 

Jenkins of Madbury. 
Dec. 14, 1836, Joshua Blunt and Miss Jane Chesley, both of 

Haverhill, Mass. 
June 6, 1837, David Frost and Sarah Ann Nutter, both of New- 
market. 
Oct. 10, 1837, William Perkins of New Durham and Mrs. Deb- 
orah Spinney. 
Nov. 20, 1837, Micajah Sinclair and Miss Abigail Willard, both 

of Stratham. 
Nov. 27, 1837, George W. Fu'rber and Miss Sarah Hill, both of 

Newmarket. 
April 5, 1838, William H. Hayden and Miss Mary Jane Bowles, 

both of Newmarket. 
Nov. 29, 1838, William Taylor of Northwood and Miss Eliza 

Jackson. 
Jan. 23, 1839, Reuben Higgins of Portland, Me., and Miss Calista 

L. Smith. 
July 9, 1839, Richard Furber of Meredith and Miss Ednah Cram 

of Newmarket. 
Oct. 29, 1839, Jacob Tilton of Epping and Miss Elizabeth B. 

Lock of Lee. 
Feb. 16, 1840, Benjamin F. Neally and Miss Susan E. Bartlett 

of Lee. 
Oct. 20, 1839, Enoch S. Davis and Palnia Staples, both of Ports- 
mouth. 
Jan. 29, 1839, Wear Davis of Lee and Miss Sarah Dockum. 
Nov. 19, 1840, William Marshall and Miss Abigail Sawyer of 

Newmarket. 
April 5, 1840, Ebenezer C. Garland and Miss Maria Edgerly 

both of Somersworth. 
Sept. 30, 1840, William H. Robinson of Exeter and Miss Mary G. 

Colman. 



HISTORY OF DURHAM 389 

March 7, 1840, William Tego and Miss Nancy Smith. 

Nov, 7, 1 841, Leonard Smith and Sally Doe of Newmarket. 

Jan. 4, 1842, Ira Wright and Harriet Small. 

Jan. 19, 1842, Albert G. Doyle of Dover and Miss Eliza Ingalls. 

May 5, 1842, Joseph Kelley of Woburn, Mass., and Miss Mary 
Shaw of Exeter. 

Aug. 28, 1842, Cyrus G. Hull and Miss Harriet Willey. 

Dec. 20, 1843, Chesley D. Hazelton and Miss Lydia B. Channel. 

May 8, 1843, Edward Sherman of Lowell and Miss Mary S. 
Parsons, 

May 28, 1843, Levi Wilson of Rochester and Miss Mary S. Picker- 
ing. 

July 10, 1845, Joseph Ham and Miss Elizabeth Berry of Barring- 
ton. 

Jan. 8, 1846, Charles R. Meserve and Miss Sophronia R. Tucker, 
both of Dover. 

May 18, 1845, Edmund E. Leighton and Miss Hannah D. Chesley, 
both of Newmarket. 

Sept. 20, 1846, John H. Odiorne and Miss Nancy Meserve of 
Madbury. 

March 15, 1846, James Follett and Miss Sally Giles of Barring- 
ton. 

Dec. 17, 1846, Jeremiah B. Hoitt of Manchester and Miss Angelina 
Magoon. 

Oct. II, 1846, Alfred A, Cox and Miss. Susan C. Stearns, both of 
Newmarket. 

Oct. 28, 1846, James M. York and Miss Lucy A. Willey, both of 
Dover. 

Dec. 29, 1847, James Tucker of Boston and Miss Mary E. Savage. 

March 14, 1848, Frederick B. Balch of Lancaster and Miss 
Thankful H. Vincent. 

June II, 1848, Alsom H. Evans and Miss Mary J. Quint. 

March 12, 1848, Augustus Richardson of Dover and Miss Lydia 
P. Davis of Madbury. 

Feb, 6, 1849, Noah Davis, 2d, of Nottingham and Miss Mary 
Ann Sulivan of Lee. 

May ID, 1848, Edgar E. Philbrick and Miss Hannah F. Oilman, 
both of Exeter. 

June II, 1848, Charles C. Shaw of Boston and Miss Hannah A. 
H. Pickering. 



390 HISTORY OF DURHAM 

Nov. 8, 1849, Thomas J. French of Nottingham and Miss Susan 

C. Bassett. 
Aug. 25, 1849, Charles E. Clark and Miss Ariana S. Batchelder, 

both of Exeter. 
Sept. 4, 1849, Mathew Englin and Miss Ann Bassett, both of 

Dover. 
Nov. 8, 1849, Joseph Page and Miss Hannah Leighton, both of 

Lee. 
Jan. 24, 1850, Leonard Balch of Bradford, Mass., and Miss 

Hannah J. Parsons. 
Sept. 12, 1849, Nahum Heard of North Berwick, Me., and Miss 

Jane Spencer of Limerick, Me. 
Oct. 22, 1849, Rufus Ham of Somersworth and Miss EHzabeth 

B. Pierce of Barrington. 
Feb. II, 1850, Joseph A. James of Lee and Miss Mary E. Fernald 

of Madbury. 
March 31, 1850, Moses Lamos of Lee and Sarah Grey of New- 
market. 
Nov. 7, 1850, Rufus Philbrick of Rye and Miss Hannah F. Mosher. 
April 26, 1850, Mark F. Nason of Dover and Miss Marietta Nute. 
May I, 1850, George F. Peckham of Newmarket and Miss 

Caroline E. Odell. 



BAPTISMS 

The baptisms of the Rev. Hugh Adams have been pubhshed 
in the New England Historic Genealogical Register, Vol. XXXHI, 
and by far the greater part of them are interwoven with the 
genealogical portion of this history. The baptisms of the Rev. 
John Adams have never been published. Those that have not 
been used in tracing the families of this history are here given- 
See page 199, 

July 16, 1749, Charity, dau. of Joseph Evans. 

July 23, 1749, John, son of Thomas Ford of Nottingham. 

July 30, 1749, Martha, dau. of Nathaniel Frost. 

July 30, 1749, Dorothy, dau. of same. 

Aug. 6, 1749, Joseph and William, sons of William and Hannah 

Glynes. 
Aug. 20, 1749, Sarah, dau. of James Brown. 
Aug. 20, 1749, Moses, son of James Hall. 
Aug. 23, 1749, Samuel, Daniel and Joseph, sons of John Shaw' 

At a place called Two Miles, in Barrington. 
Aug. 23, 1749, Cunningham and Abigail, ch. of Federis McCut- 

chin. At Two Miles. 
Aug. 23, 1749, Margaret, dau. of Nehemiah McDaniel. At Two 

Miles. 
Sept. 3, 1749, Shadrach and Molly, ch. of Shadrach and Mary 

Walton. 
Nov. 19, 1749, Priscilla, dau. of Joseph Glidden, Jr. 
Feb. 2, 1749/50, John, son of Eulice (sic) and Hannah Felker of 

Barrington. 
April II, 1750, James, son of Nathan Fulsom of Newmarket. 
April 29, 1750, Sarah, dau. of Shadrach Watson (sic) 
June 10, 1750, Nicholas, somof Nat Frost of Durham, in y' Hook. 
June 24, 1750, Rhoda, dau. of Walter Briant. 
July 29, 1750, Moses, son of Pomfret Whitehouse. 
Sept. 9, 1750, Mary dau. of James Hall. 
Sept. 16 , 1750, Gideon and Dorothy, ch. of Josiah Johnson. 
March 13, 1750/1, Jonathan, son of Nathan Fulsom of Newmar- 
ket. 
March 31, 1750, Mary, dau. of Nathan Fulsom of Newmarket. 

391 



392 HISTORY OF DURHAM 

April 28, 1 75 1, Samuel and Abigail, ch. of Joshua Trickey. 

April 28, 1 75 1, Mary, dau. of Thomas Ford. 

June 2, 1751, Margaret, dau. of Eulice Felker. 

May 10, 1752, Jean, dau. of Shadrach Walton. 

June 7, 1752, Daniel, son of Charles Runlet of Newmarket. 

July 12, 1752, Nathaniel, son of Nathaniel Frost. 

Aug. 15, 1752, Peter, Simeon and Josiah, ch. of Jeremy Folsom, 

Jr., at his house. 
Sept. 13, 1752, James, son of James Morrison 
Sept. II, 1752, Pierson, son of Christopher Hunt. 
May 13, 1753, Thomas, son of Thomas Ford of Nottingham. 
May 20, 1753, Pomfret, son of Pomfret Whitehouse. 
July 5, 1753, Dorcas and Moses Bennet, ch. of Benjamin Burdett. 
July 19, 1753, Susanna, dau. of John Shaw of Nottingham. 
Oct. 19, 1753, Rachel, dau. of Thomas York. 
Nov. 18, 1753, Phebe, dau. of John Johnson, Jr. 
Jan. 24, 1754, Jean, dau. of William Kelsey. 
Jan. 31, 1754, Hugh, Margaret and George, ch. of William Kelsey. 
April 29, 1754, Obediah, son of Ephraim Clough. 
May 5, 1754, Martha, dau. of Joshua Trickey. 
July 7, 1754, Levi, son of Nathan Fulsom of Newmarket. 
Aug. 15, 1754, Mary, Dorothy and Mehitabel, daus. of Samuel 

Watson. 
Oct. 13, 1754, Anna, wife of David Davis, 3d, and Molly, their 

dau. 
Nov. 22, 1754, Agnes, dau. of John McDaniels. Of Two Mile. 
Nov. 22, 1754, Nehemiah, son of Nehemiah McDaniels. Of Two 

Mile. 
Nov. 22, 1754, Jean, dau. of Federis McCuthins. Of Two Mile. 
Feb. 7, 1755, Abigail, Hannah and Dodavah, ch. of Dodavah 

Garland. • 

March 11, 1755, Anna, dau. of Walter Bryant. 
April II, 1755, George, John, Esther and Bethia, ch. of Josiah 

Dam. 
Sept. 21, 1755, Johnson of John Johnson. 
Nov-. 2, 1755, Anna, dau. of William Glidden. 
Dec. 3, 1755, Levi, son of Jeremiah Fulsom, Junr. 
Dec. 3, 1755, Sarah, dau. of Samuel Call. 
March 28, 1756, Phebe, dau. of John Chapman. 
Aug. 22, 1756, Deborah, dau. of Moses Weymouth. 



HISTORY OF DURHAM 393 

June 30, 1757, Eleanor, dau. of Nehemiah McDaniels. At ye 

Two Mile. 
June 30, 1757, James ,son of William McDaniels. At ye Two 

Mile. 
Oct. 23, 1757, Mary, dau. of Josiah Johnson. 
July 23, 1758, Joseph, son of Josiah Johnson. 
Sept. 3, 1758, Stephen, son of Stephen Call. 
Sept. 15, 1758, Anna, dau. of Ephraim Clough. 
Sept. 29, 1758, Mary, dau. of Ephraim Clough. 
April 8, 1759, Mary, dau. of John Fulsom. 
April 8, 1759, Joseph, son of Thomas George. 
July 7, 1759, Aaron, Elizabeth and Stephen, ch. of Solomon 

Drown. 
July 7, 1759, Robert, son of John McDaniels. 
July 7, 1759, Mary, dau. of William McDaniels. 
March 23, 1760, Elizabeth, dau. of Joshua Trickey. 
Aug. 31, 1760, Betty, dau. of Mark Spinney. 
Aug. 31, 1760, Andrew, son of Joseph Bussell. 
Sept. 20, 1 761, Nathan, son of John Johnson. 



DEATHS RECORDED BY THE REV. FEDERAL BURT 

Aug. 2, 1817, Mr. Samuel Knight. 

Oct. 26, 1817, Miss Susan Downing. 

Dec. 18, 1 81 8, Mr. Theodore Willey, aged 81. 

April 14, 1 818, Mr. Humphrey Richardson, aged 33. 

June 21, 1818, Mr. Robert Willey, aged 58. 

Aug. 12, 1818, Sarah Henderson, aged 5. 

Aug. 30, 1 818, Nathaniel Kidder Pendergast, aged 14. 

, 1818, Mr. Thomas Bickford. 

Dec. — 1818, Mrs. Tuttle, the wife of Levi Tuttle. 

Feb. 27, 1819, Mr. James Folsom, aged 72. 

April 1819, Mr. James Critchett, town pauper. 

May 22, 1819, Miss Sarah Denbo, aged 70. 

June 29, 1819, Clarrisa Hall, aged 92. 

Aug. 10, 1819, Mr. Samuel Jackson, aged 75. 

Oct. 10, 1819, Mr. George F, Smith, aged 39. 

Oct. II, 1819, Mr. John S. Pinkham. 

Oct. 22, 1819, Hamilton Young, son of Daniel Y. 

May 4, 1820, Mr. Ichabod Bodge, Jr., aged 24. 

Sept. 26, 1820, Widow Elizabeth Dutch, aged 87. 

Sept. 29, 1820, Mary Elizabeth, child of John Parks. 

Sept. 30, 1820, Miss Abigail Buzzell, aged 18. 

Nov. 30, 1820, Miss Lydia Garland, aged 46. 

Jan. 3, 1821, the widow Mary Folsome, aged 66. 

Aug. 27, 1821, the wife of Mr. Robert Jackson, aged 56. 

Sept. 29, 1 82 1, Mr. Samuel Smart, aged 73. 

Oct. I, 1821, Miss Hannah Clough, aged 78. 

Oct. 23, 1 82 1, Mr. Daniel Taylor, bled to death by a wound, 
aged 47. 

Jan. 5, 1822, Mr. Bartholomew Stimson, a pauper, aged 52. 

Jan. 14, 1822, Mrs. Lydia Hanson, wife of Jos. Hanson, Esq., 
aged 33. 

Feb. 20, 1822, Abigail Channel, dau. of Mr. Abraham Chan- 
nel. 

March 3, 1822, Sally Garland, dau. of Mr. John Garland. 

April 15, 1822, Flora, a Black woman, and a pauper. 

April 23, 1822, Caroline, dau. of Joseph Hanson, Esq. 

395 



396 HISTORY OF DURHAM 

April 23, 1822, Mr. Samuel Fowler, aged 36. Drowned from a 

gondola. 
April 23, 1822, Mr. John Jenkins, Jr., aged 23. Drowned from 

a gondola. 
May I, 1822, Widow Mary Young, aged 82. 
May 5, 1822, John the youngest son of William Curtis. 
Aug. 29, 1822, Mrs. Rosamond Daniels, a pauper, aged 94. 
Sept. 7, 1822, Mr. Aaron Twombly, drowned in the river, aged 33. 
Sept. 30, 1822, Mr. Tobias Tuttle, aged 54. 
Oct. 23 1822, Widow Sarah Hull, aged 77. 
Oct. 27, 1822, Mr. Samuel Nutter, a pauper, aged 82. 
Nov. 22, 1822, Mr. John Bean, aged 31. 
Nov. 24, 1822, Mr. Nathan Kenniston, aged 40. 
Dec. 27, 1822, Mr. James Fowler, aged 23. 
Jan. 5, 1822, Mr. Edward Furness, aged 35. 
Jan. 7, 1822, Mrs. Elizabeth Jenkins, a pauper, aged 75. 
Jan. 13, 1822, Mrs. Abigail Davis, a pauper, aged 75. 
Feb. II, 1822, Mr. Jonathan Leathers, a pensioner, aged 65. 
April 21, 1823, Mrs. Abigail Roberts, aged 104. 
June 2, 1823, Mrs. Molly Willey, widow of Mr. Theodore W., 

aged 84. 
June 20, 1823, Miss Maria Mills, aged 21 
Aug. 23, 1823, Miss Mary Nutter, aged 45. 
Nov. 9, 1823, Miss Betsey Keating, aged 66. 
March 15, 1824, Mr. John Libbey, aged 35. 
Aug. — 1824, an infant daughter of Mr. Jonathan Clay, aged 3 

weeks. 
Oct. I, 1824, an infant son of Mr. Simon Pickering, aged 2 years. 
Oct. 27, 1824, an infant son of Mr. Joseph Page, aged 5 months. 
Jan. 8, 1825, Mr. Daniel Willey, aged 31. 
Feb. I, 1825, Mr. Micajah Davis, a pauper, aged 86. 
Feb. 9, 1825, Mrs. Rebekah Starbird, wife of John Starbird, aged 

66. 
Feb. 3, 1825, Mrs. Sarah Savage, aged 78. 
Feb. 22, 1825, Mr. Phinehas Willey, aged 27. 
March 28, 1825, Mr. Reuben Clark, a ship carpenter, aged 28. 
April 16, 1825, Mr. Timothy Davis, aged 29. 
May 16, 1825, an infant daughter of Mr. William Curtis, aged 

II days. 
June I, 1825, Mr. Brackett Furnald, aged 22. 



HISTORY OF DURHAM 397 

July 18, 1825, Mr. Benaiah Phillips, aged 24. 

July 26, 1825, Miss Alice Tuttle, aged 18. 

Aug. 3, 1825, Stephen Henry, the infant of Mr. Samuel Hall, 

aged 6 months. 
Aug. 9, 1825, George Libby, the infant of Mr. John Parks, aged 

6 months. 
Aug. 18, 1825, Mr. James Cogan, aged 47. 
Sept. I, 1825, an infant daughter of Mr. Daniel Cram, aged 3 

weeks. 
Sept. ID, 1825, an infant daughter of Mr. Samuel Willey, Jr., 

aged I year. 
Sept. 21, 1825, an infant son of Mr. Daniel Fowler, aged ii months. 
Nov. I, 1825, an infant son of Mr. William Furnald, aged 9 

months. 
Nov. 15, 1825, Capt. Samuel Starbird, aged 44. 
Nov. 16, 1825, Mr. Hiram Glover, drowned from a gondola, aged 

20. 
Nov. 28, 1825, Abigail Tuttle, the infant of the Widow Tuttle, 

aged 3. 
Jan. 23, 1826, W^illiam, the son of William Tego, aged 7. 
Feb. 19, 1826, Mr. Winthrop Scriggins, aged 67. 
March 7, 1826, Miss Sally Cheswell, aged 23. 
March 17, 1826, Master John Woodhouse, aged 17. 
May 5, 1826, Widow Betsey Patrick, aged 80. 
Aug. 2, 1826, Mr. Daniel Cram, aged 34. 
Sept. I, 1826, Hannah, a child of Mr. Daniel Fowler, aged 3. 
Sept. II, 1826, an infant daughter of Mr. Jacob Watson, aged i. 
Oct. 4, 1826, Miss Betsey Stevens, aged 60. 
Oct. 12, 1826, Mr. Nathan Foss, aged 43. 
Oct. 15, 1826, Mr. Hugh Cox, aged 70. 

Dec. 12, 1826, Mrs. Mehitable, wife of Samuel Furber, aged 25. 
Dec. 12, 1826, the Widow Grover, aged 84. 
Jan. 5, 1827, Mrs. Elizabeth Wiggin, aged 70. 



INDEX OF PLACES AND SUBJECTS 



Academies: 

Berwick, 298, 310, 316. 

Colby, 300. 

Derry, 301. 

Durham, 261-4, 278, 301, 316, 333- 

Franklin, 323, 330. 

Greenland, 162. 

Hampton, 316. 

New London, 310. 

Phillips, Andover, 310. 

Phillips, Exeter, 317. 

Pittsfield, 162. 

Wakefield, 307. 
Acworth, 211. 

Administration of Cranfield, 12. 
Agriculture, 269. 
Alfred, Me.. 80. 
Alton, 150. 
Amherst, 201. 
Amesbury, Mass., 26, 77. 
Andover, Mass., 166, 211, 288. 
Angel Gabriel, 3. 
Anti-Slavery Society, 253. 
Arlington, Mass., 332. 
Ashland, 143. 

Association Test, 118, 125, 140, 287. 
Atkinson Hill, 61, 62. 
Auburn, Me., 87, 212. 

Bangor, Me., 282. 

Baptisms, 184, 190, 199, 215,391. 

Barnstead, 29, 99, 146, 149, 289, 293. 

Barrington, 29, 191, 279. 

Belfast, Ireland, 143. 

Bemis Heights, 141, 144, 149. 

Berwick, Me., 135, 148, 162, 290. 

Berwick on the Tweed, 75. 

Bloody Point, 80. 

Bon Homme Richard, 147, 

Boston, Mass., 75, 80, 91, 93, 116. 169, 

213. 279.330,332. 
Boston & Maine R.R.. 72, 87. 
Boundaries, 23, 24, 25, 31. 
Bow, 293. 

Bradford, Mass., 141. 
Bradford, N. H., 207. 
Braintree, Mass., 184. 
Braveboat Harbor, Kittery, 77. 
Brentwood, 283. 
Brickyards, 300. 
Bristol, 2. 6. 

Brookline, Mass., 211,318. 
Bunker Hill, 121, 122, 123. 140, 141, 149. 



184, 



Burial places, 38, 40, so, S3-S, 87. I47, 149, 
ISO, IS3, 164, 167, 173. 22s. 239-347, 
256, 298. 

Burlington, Vt., 279. 

Byfield, Mass., 279. 

Cambridge, Mass., 123, 141, 143, 282. 
Canada, 57, 81, 90, 93, 98, 135. 146, 149, ISI. 

282. 
Cannelton, Ind., 280. 
Canterbury, 29, 293. 
Captain's Commission, 109. 
Captives, 102. 
Catholic World. 302. 
Cedar Falls, Iowa, 282. 
Census of 1790, 371-7. 
Center Harbor, 281. 
Charleston, S.C, 298. 
Charlestown, Mass., 7S. 79. 82-3, 123, 141, 

288. 
Charter of Durham, 17. 
Chatham, Mass., 99, 184, 212. 
Chesterville, Me., 24, 226. 
Christian Church, 215, 262, 304. 
Christian Journal, 216. 
Cincinnati, Society of, 137. 
Colleges : 

Amherst, 207. 

Berea, 264. 

Bowdoin, 207, 211, 264, 288, 289. 

Cornell University, 211. 

Dsirtmouth, 264, 275, 277, 279, 280, 
282, 288, 290, 298. 

Denver University, 263. 

Harvard. 138. 194, 197, 213, 264, 278, 281, 
282, 284, 287, 288, 289. 330. 

Johns Hopkins University, 330. 

New Hampshire, 265, 275, 299, 309, 319. 

322,324,325,328,334- 

Norwich University, 265. 

Smith, 264. 

Wellesley, 264. 

Wesleyan University, 273. 

Williams, 205, 278, 281, 

Wooster University, 273. 

Yale, 211, 264. 
College Fraternities, 270. 
Collegiate Roll of Honor, 264. 
Colonies from Durham, 29. 
Committee of Safety, 129, 143, 199, 294-5. 
Commons, 221, 225, 229. 
Concord, Mass., 121, 141. 
Concord, N. H., 8, 236, 279, 284. 



399 



400 



INDEX OF PLACES AND SUBJECTS 



Congress, ii6, 117. 122, 128, 13S1 141. 277. 

279, 281, 282, 294, 29s. 
Congress, Provincial, 22, 122, 128, 141, 142, 

278, 29s. 
Cornwall, Vt., 211. 
Crown Point, 77, 143. 

Danielson, Conn., 78. 
Dartmoor prison, 151. 
Deacons, 213,303, 304,316. 
Deaths, 390. 
Deerfield, 278. 
Depositions of: 

JohnAult, 4,34. 

Philip Chesley, 2, 46, 82. 

Moses Davis, 223. 

Thomas Doughty, 78. 

Tamsen Drew, 93. 

Rebecca Eklgerly, so, 

Peter Grant, 79. 

Ann Jenkins, 91. 

William Leathers, 68. 

John Meader, 50, 69. 

Joseph Meader, 69. 

Benjamin Matthews, 69. 

Bartholomew Stevenson, 228. 

Margaret Willey, 52. 

Thomas Willey, 52. 

John Williams, 52. 
Derry, 301. 
Detroit, Mich., 282. 
Distillery, 45. ^ 

Division of common lands, 17. 
Dog-whipper, 253. 
Dorchester, Mass., 330. 

Dover, s-9. i7, 3i. 35. 60, 147. 162, 166, 170, 
179. 195. 249, 2S7. 279. 281, 282, 28s, 
287, 291, 293, 294, 302, 307, 313. 327. 

334. 359- 
Dover Combination, 5-7. 
Dover Localities: 

Back River, 17, 33. 100. 

Bellamy Bank, 219. 

Cochecho, s, 80, 82, 86, 87, 183, 219, 227. 

Dirty Gutt, 226-7. 

Dirty Lane, 31. 

Dover Neck, 2, 3, 3i. SS. 64, 82, 169, 170, 
360. 

Hilton's Point, 2. 

Little Johns Creek, 31. 

Royall's Cove 14, 60, 359. 

Thompson's Point, 2. 
Dublin, Ireland, 143. 
Dunbar, Scotland, 75, 79. 
Dunkirk, N. Y., 311. 
Durham Localities: 

Ambler's Islands, 47, 50. 

Ambler's Point, 48, SO. 

Back Road, 230. 

Bagdad, 72, 226,238. 



Durham Localities: 
Bark House, 203. 

Beard's Creek, 65, 66, 67, ioi,"225. 
Beard's Landing, 226. 
Beech Hill, 246. 

Bickford's Ferry, 48, 49, 96, 219. 
Brick Meeting House, 21s, 263. 
Bridge at the Falls, 231-2. 
Bridge at Johnson's Creek, 17. 
Bridge at Lamprey River, 233, 236. 
Bridge at Munsey's, 243. 
Broad Cove, 35 
Broth Hill, 341. 
Bunker's Creek, 64, 227, 239. 
Campsie, 83, 229. 
Charles Point, 47, 48, so. 
Chesley 's Islands, 34. 
Chesley 's Mill, 221, 225. 
Clift Cove, 35- 
Cochecho Path, 66. 
Crommett's Creek, 37, 38, 49. 
Cutt's Hill, s6. 
Davis' Creek, 239. 
Dean's Marsh, 230. 
Denbow's Brook, 60, 214, 231, 239. 
Drew's Point, 52. 
Durham Falls, 15, 349, 360. 
Durham Point, is, 49, S7, I73. 293. 312. 
Field's Marsh, 52-5. 
Follett's Swamp, or Marsh, 72, 232, 349. 
Footman's Island, 36. 
Franklin City, 349, 360. 
Freshet, 60, 66, 76, 221, 224. 
Giles Creek, 52, 228. 
Goat Island, 61, 237. 
Goddard's Creek, 7, 3 1. 33, 34. 35- 
Great Bay, 31-2, 35, 49. 
Great Cove, 33. 
Great Creek, 49. 
Hay Stack, 39. 
Hill's Neck, 60,61. 
Horn's Woods, 230. 
Horsehide Brook, 231. 
Huckins' Brook, 67. 
Huckins' Mill, 67. 
Jackson's Creek, 229. 
Jewell's Point, 35. 
Johnson's Creek, 17, 47. 64, 66, 19S, 219, 

233. 
Jonas' Point, 49. 
Jones' Creek, 64. 
Landing Places, 32, 43, 45. 54. S8, 59. 60, 

67, 70, 221, 225. 
Little Bay, 7, 38, 44. 359- 
Little River, 19. 233, 234. 
Long Creek, 41-5, 48. 
Long Marsh, s6, 83, 227-8, 339- 
Lubberland, 7. 2S, 33-6. 97. 185, 230, 249, 

295,331. 
Maple Brook, 229. 



INDEX OF PLACES AND SUBJECTS 



401 



Durham Localities: 

Mast Path or Road, 71. 103. 219, 229, 246. 

Mathes Neck, 36-8. 

Matthews' Creek, 36-7, 49. 233. 

Meader's Neck, 237. 

Mill Creek, 42, 43, 48. 

Moat, 229. 

Mill Road, 221, 225. 

Meader's Creek, 42, 44. 

Moharamet's Hill, 100. 

Moharamet's Marsh, 225, 349. 

Morris' Creek, 36. 

Morris Point, 35. 

Needham's Cove, 35. 

Needham's Point, 35. 

Nigger Point, 250. 

Oyster Bank, 52. 

Oyster Beds, 64, 169, I73. 226. 

Oyster Point, 52, 64. 

Packer's Falls, 135. iSO, 243, 307, 321, 3S0. 

Pascataqua Bridge, 64, 235, 236, 237, 331, 

34P. 360. 
Pinder's Point, 35. 
Pitman's Field, 56. 
Plum Swamp Brook, 44-8, 93. 
Pound, 203. 
Rand's Plantation, 44. 
Red Tower, 343-4- 
Rock Island, 237. 
Rocky Point, 71, 170, 291. 
Shankhassick, 38. 
Simon's Lane, 230. 
Spruce Hole, 234. 
Stevenson's Creek, 52-4. 
Stevenson's Neck, 52. 
Stoney Brook, 52-4. 
Stoney Brook, 67-8. 
Stoney Brook Cove, 62. 
Sullivan House, 60, 337-8. 
Sullivan Monument, 136, 138, 139. 
Team Hill, 228. 
Tickle Point, 60-1, 237, 339. 
Town Hall, 333-4- 
Turnpike, 236, 243, 331. 
Wakeham's Creek, 32. 
Willey's Creek, 48-30, 219, 228. 
Wine Cellar Road, 230. 
Woodman's Creek, 67, 69. 



Exorcism, i83i I94- 

Falmouth, Me., 78. 

Fanaticism, 192. 

Farmington, 277. 

Ferries, 36, 48, 238, 

Fires, 44, 100, 334, 349. 333- 

Fort William and Mary, 118, 120, 137, 140, 

146. 193. 
Free Masons, 137. 144. 3i9. 328. 

Garrisons : 

Adams', 50, 94. 

Beard's 63, 86. 

Bickford's, 49. 

Bunker's, 62-3, 94, 103. 104, 331. 

Bumham's, 37, 90, 103. 

Chesley, 67, 244. 

Col. James Davis', 239, 292. 

David Davis*, 34. 33. 103, 356- 

Jabez Davis', 303. 

Drew's, 40, 32, 92, 03. 

Durgin's, 36, 103. 

Edgerly's, 43, 43. 93. I03- 

Goddard's, 33- 

HUl's. 70. 

Huckins', 87. 

Jones', 64, 63, 98 100,103. 

Meader's, 62, 100, 103. 

Rand's, 43. 

Smith's, 103. 293. 

Woodman's, loi, 103. 242, 331-3- 
General Court, 143. 
Georgetown, Me., 184, 283. 
Gilford, ISO. 
Gilmanton, 288. 
Gloucester, Mass., 148. 
Gondolas, 119. 
Gorhani, Me., 286. 
Grange, 141, 142, 300, 306, 319, 320, 323, 

326, 329. 333. 343. 
Granite Monthly, 320, 360. 
Grants of Land, 33. 35. 38. 41. 43. 30, 34. 33. 

38, 60. 64, 65, 67. 71. 72, 76, 83. 
Great Barrington, Mass., 211. 
Great Works, Me., 33, S6, 73. 78. 
Greenland, 167, 232. 
Groton, Mass., 92. 



Early settlers, 9-1 1. 

Eastport, Me., 328. 

Effingham, 162. 

Electric Light, 309 

Eliot, Me., 79. 92- 

Elks, 328, 329. 

Elmira, N. Y., 139. 

Epsom, 281, 286. 

Exeter, 6-8, 23, 31, 46, 76, 78, 81, 116, 122, 

123, 163, 191. 194. 277. 281, 288, 307. 
Exeter Combination, s. 7. 49- 
26 



Hampton, 78, 142. 

Harwich, Mass. 211,213. 

Haverhill. Mass., 99, 277, 278. 

High Cost of Living, 130. 

Highways, 32. 43. SO. 34. 56, 70, 72, 219-238. 

Hilton's Point, 2. 

Hingham, Mass., 8, 43. 

Hogsty Cove, 7. 

Holderness, 29, 143, 341. 

House of Representatives, 22. 



402 



INDEX OF PLACES AND SUBJECTS 



Incorporation of Durham, i6. 

Indians, 41, 44, SL S6, 57. 65. 66, 69, 77. 80- 

108, 135, 239. 24s, 
Inflation of prices, 129. 
Inns and Ordinaries, 60, 144, 339t 342. 
Ipswich, Mass., 83, 287. 
Irish, 76, 86, 135. I43. I47. 
Isles of Shoals, 170. 



Middleton, 330. 

Military Drill, 271. 

Mills, 33, 37, 43. 45, 64, 67, 71, 75, 169. 219, 

233. 234, 306, 307-9- 
Minute Men, 142. 
Moderators, 361-3. 
Monomoit, Mass., 99, 221, 
Moultonborough, 150. 



John and Sara, 75, 79. 
Jurisdiction of Mass., 8. 

Kansas, 273. 
Kennebunk, Me., 80. 
Kensington, 216. 
Killingly, Conn., 211. 
Kingston, 278. 
Kingston, Mass., 138. 

Kittery, Me., 76-79. 81-2, 91, 142, 279, 286. 
Knights of Pythias, 137, 321, 324. 326. 328, 
329, 335- 

Lamprey River, 4, 7. 3i, 32, 71. 75. 219, 220, 

227, 291, 293. 
Lancaster, 282. 

Landmarks in Ancient Dover, 302, 320, 347. 
Lawyers, 277-284. 
Lebanon, 277. 
Lee, 19. 21, 23, 25, 105, 125. 143. 146, 148, 

166, 200, 236, 249, 312. 
Lee Hook, 33. 
Legislature, 145. 
Lexington, 121, 122, 141. 
Liberation Paper, 252. 
Libraries, 215, 246, 269, 275, 297, 300, 31S. 

320. 
Litchfield, 282. 
Londonderry, 280. 
London, Eng., 75, 291. 
Loudon, 149. 
Louisburg, 111-113. 
Louisville, Ky., 309. 
Lowell, Mass., 288. 
Lynn Iron Works, 75, 78, 79- 
Lynn, Mass., 78. 

Madbury, 23, 27, 60, 67, 100. 143, i95. 196, 

203, 227, 249, 287, 293, 334. 359- 
Maiden, Mass.. 78. 334- 
Manufactures, 308, 324. 
Marlboro. Mass., 212. 
Marriages, 378- 
Mason's Colony, 2, 51, 56. 
Massacre of 1694, 90-102. 
Maysville, Ky., 254, 301. 
Medford, Mass., 122. 
Meeting Houses, 22, 53, 54. 55. 58, 59. 92, 

loi, 121, 137, 169, 171. 172, 173. 177. 

179, 180-183, 200, 201, 208, 215, 231, 236, 

239, 293, SOS- 



Nashua, 281, 

Natick, Mass., 167. 

Newbury, Mass., 58, 278, 291. 

Newburyport, Mass., 191, 277, 288. 

New Castle, 118, 191, 294. 

New Durham, 144, 150, 281. 

Newfield, Me., 286. 

New Hampshire Observer, 206. 

New Haven, Conn., 83. 

Newichawannock, 2, 7, 83. 

Newington, 5, 80, 149, 150, 174, 183. 

New London, 300, 310. 

Newmarket, 23-5, 60, 87-8, 142, 144, i47. 

149, 164, 166, 201, 277, 278, 289, 290. 

309, 324. 
Newport, R. I., 147. 
Newtown, 88-9, 146, 231. 
Newtown, N. Y., 138. 
New York, 48, 309. 
Norfolk County, 8, 65. 
Norridgewock, 91, 93. 
North Berwick, Me., 321. 
Northam, 4, 6, 3i. 
North wood, 312. 
Nottingham, 29, 278, 280, 287. 

Odd Fellows, 319, 321, 328. 

Odiorne's Point, 123. 

Old Houses, 337-360. 

Ordinaries, See Inns. 

Otisfield, Me., 287. 

Ottery St. Mary, Eng., 51- 

Oyster River Parish, 15, 16, 181. 

Oyster River Plantation, 3, 8, 9, 31. 38. 

Parish of Unity, Me., 75- 

Parsonages, 54. 55, 57, 92, 213-5, 339. 

Pascataqua Navigation Co., 327- 

Pemaquid, Me., 89. 

Pembroke, 279, 286. 

Penacook, 92. 

Pepperell, Mass., 330. 

Peterborough, 278, 281, 288. 

petition: 

for township, 13, is, 170. 

to the King, 12. 

to Massachusetts, 13. 

for parish, 15. 

of Rev. Hugh Adams, 19. 

of Lee, 23. 

of Thomas Footman, 88. 



INDEX OF PLACES AND SUBJECTS 



403 



Petition: 

of Thomas Edgerly, 95. 

of William Graves, 97. 

of Lubberland, 97. 

of Rev. Hugh Adams, 105. 

of Sarah Adams, 145. 

of Rev. John Buss, 172. 

of the Falls, i73- 

of the Point, 175- 

of John Ambler etal., 179. 

of Thomas Edgerly et al., 181. 

of Francis Mathes et al., 183. 

of Madbury, 195. 

for road near the freshet, 221. 

for road through Lubberland, 233. 

for N. H. Turnpike, 236. 
Philadelphia, Pa., 122. 
Physicians, 144, 190, 285-290, 295. 
Pied Cow, 33. 
Piscaasic, 233. 
Piscataway, N. J., 32. 
Pittsfield, 162, 182. 
Plymouth, 279. 
Plymouth, Eng., 2, 138. 
Plymouth, Mass., 4, 138. 
Port Royal, 292. 
Portsmouth, 89, 99. 119. I3S. 142, I44. 149- 

151, 279, 281. 
Post Offices, 331-36. 
Price of Labor, 131. 
Price of Merchandise, 130, 198. . 
Privateers, 151. 
Proprietors, 21-2. 
Providence, R. L, 164. 

Quakers, 117. 
Quebec, Canada, iii. 
Quincy, Mass., 213. 

Railroad, B. & M., 237-8, 312, 322. 

Raleigh, 147. 

Ranger, 147. 

Rate Lists, 9. 25, 27, 76. 

Reading, Mass., 84. 286. 

Red Man, 328. 

Representatives, 364-5. 

Revival, 205. 

Rochester, 29, 286, 293. 

Rock Island, 237. 

Roll of Honor, 264. 

Roman Catholics, 10 1. 

Rowley, Mass., 58. 

Roxbury, Mass., 330. 

Saco, Me., 78. 
Sagadahock, 46. 
Salem, Mass., 78. 
Salisbury, 211, 277. 
Salisbury, Conn., 206. 
Salisbury, Mass., 216. 



Salmon Falls, 82, 208, 298. 

Sandown, 278. 

Sandwich, 149. 

Sandy Bank, Lee, 33. 

Scalps, 104-6. 

Schools, 175, 196, 257-75, 311. 

School Districts, 259. 

School Houses, 258. 

Schoolmasters, 257, 259, 261, 294, 296. 

Scotchmen, 60, 65, 66, 69, 71, 75-84. 

Scouting Parties, 107-8, iii, 113, 114,^144, 

292. 
Seavey's Island, 146, 147. 
Selectmen, 365-9- 
Shapleigh, Me., 140. 
Sherborn, Mass., 289. 
Slavery, 249-55. 
Slaves, 194. 
Snowshoes, 107. 
Soldiers' Home, 165. 
Soldiers in Civil War, 156-60, 276. 
Soldiers in Revolution, 131. 252, 342. 
Soldiers in War of 1812, 151-2. 
Somersworth, 135, 143, 208, 278, 288. 
South Berwick, Me., 33, 75, 76, 78, 81. 
South Carolina, 190. 
Springfield, Mass., 212. 
Stage, 238. 

Stillwater, Battle of, 144, 149. 
Stratham, 40. 
Strawberry Bank, 2. 
Strong, Me., 211. 
Sunday School, 206-7. 

Temperance Society, 305. 
Thompson Hall, 268. 
Ticonderoga, 143, 148, 149. 
Town Clerks, 363-4. 
Town Hall, 333, 339. 
Town Meetings, 17, 117. 
Trained Soldiers, 119-121. 
Troopers, iii, 114. 
Turtle Pond, Lee, 88, 89. 
Tuthill Fields, London, Eng., 7S- 

United States, 129. 

Unity, Ship and Parish, 75. 

Valley Forge, 135, 149. 
Vassalboro, Me., 290. 

Wadleigh's Hill, 233. 
Walpole, 330. 

Washington, D. C, 280, 309- 
Watertown, Mass., 34. 
Wednesday Brook, 232. 
Welchman's Cove, 36. 
Wells, Me., 77, "8, 285. 
Westfield, Mass., 213. 
Wheelwrights' Pond, 60, 78, 88, 89. 



404 



INDEX OF PLACES AND SUBJECTS 



Williamsburg, Pa., 162, 164. 
Willimantic, Conn., 212. 
Wilmington, Vt., 207. 
Windham, Me., 281. 
Winter Harbor, Me., 77. 
Winter Hill, Mass., 146, 149. 
Wobum, Mass., 141. 



Wolfeboro, 144, 330. 
Worcester, Eng., 75, 77. 
Wyoming, Pa., 282. 

York, Me., 77, 78, 80, 81, 82, 92. 
Yorktown, Va., 141. 



INDEX OF NAMES 



Abbott, Horatio P., 153. iS6. 
Accason, William, 187. 
Adams, Annie, 59. 
Avis, 184, 215. 
Charles, 9. 12, 13. 38, 39, 47. SO, 93. 94. 102, 

156, 171. 24s. 
Charles, Jr., 12, 94. 
Elizabeth, 59. 286. 
Enoch G., 156, 160, 262, 264. 
Esther; 50. 
Hannah, 199. 

Hugh, 16, 19, 58, 59. 104. 105. 108, 144, 173, 
182, 183. 184, 185, 186, 187, 189, 197. 206, 
214, 215, 231. 24s. 246, 257, 28s, 287. 293, 
294. 337, 339, 341. 379. 391- 
John, 59, 117, 118, 121, 123, 125, 158, 184, 
191, 197. 198, 199. 200, 206, 208, 214, 24s, 
252, 286, 294, 379. 391- 
John I. I., 264. 
Joseph, 184. 

Joseph M. R., 38, 40, 153, 245, 368. 
Matthew, 197. 
Molly, 380. 
Nathaniel, 387- 
O. D., 262. 
Peter, 131. 252. 
Phebe, 246. 
Rebecca, 60, 337. 

Samuel, 19. 59. 60, 94, 112, 131, 136, 144, 
145, 180, 187, 189. 203. 232, 246, 285. 286, 
287.337.362, 371- 
Sarah, 84, 144, 14s, i99. 279, 286, 341- 
Susanna, 59, 144, 189, 246. 
Ursula, 50, 102. 
William, 123, 125, 131. 
Winbom, 60, 118, 122, 123, 125, 131. 141. 
144, 145. 148. 149. 252, 257, 341- 
Agnew, Nyven, 76, 81, 83. 
Ainsworth, William H., 156. 
Allen, Elizabeth, 386. 
Francis, 24. 
John, 14, 184. 
Miss, 262. 
Nancy, 386. 
Thomas, 174, 178. 
William, 27, 196. 
William H., 153, 156. 
Alley, Ephraim, 113. 
Ambler, Abraham, 183. 
Hannah, 66, 98. 

John. 44, 48, 66, 95, 98. 107. 176, 179. 180, 
182, 183, 213. 
Amory, Thomas C, 337- 



Andrews, George, 277. 

Jane, 277. 
Angler, Calvin, 287. 

Charles, 287. 

John, 204, 241, 287, 34S. 371. 

John, Jr., 287. 

Joseph, 287. 

Luther, 287. 

Rebecca, 287. 

Sophia, 287. 
Applebee, Betsey, 387. 

Joseph, 131. 151. 371. 380. 

Thomas, 131, 171- 

William, 371, 381. 
Appleton, Margaret, 216. 
Arlin, Ann, 385. 

Thomas, 126. 
Armstrong, James, 156. 
Arwin, Edwin, 11, 78. 
Ash, Thomas, 13. 
Atherton, Bradbury, 153. 

Charles H., 277. 
Atkinson, Joseph, 19. 25, 231, 252, 257, 287, 
361, 36s. 

Theodore, 181, 191. 223. 
Ault, John, 3, 4, 5, 7. 8, 9, 33, 34, 3S.'^39. 43. 
44, 45, 46, 47, 48. 50. 82, 95. 

Rebecca, 43. 50. 95- 

Remembrance, 44, 95. 
Austin, Elijah, 27. 

Joseph, 3. 

Samuel, 80. 
Averill, John, 156. 

Baker, Andrew, 290. 

Charles, 113. 

Joseph, 19. 

Mary J., 290. 

Mattie R., 290. 

Samuel H., 143. 
Balch, Frederick B., 389. 

Leonard, 390. 
Ballard, Abigail. 206. 

Jane, 277. 

Joseph, 382. 

Joshua, 204, 221, 223, 241, 277, 349. 371- 

William, 203, 241, 345, 346, 362, 364, 366, 
367, 371. 
Bamford, Charles, 19, 223. 

Charles, Jr.. 123. 

Sobriety, 149. 
Banter, John, 377. 



405 



4o6 



INDEX OF NAMES 



Baptiste, Jean O., 156. 
Barber, Abigail, 77. 

Annie, 76. 

Daniel, 77. 

Hannah, 379. 

John, II, 76, 81. 

John, Jr., 76. 

Joseph, 77. 

Mary, 77. 379- 

Robert, 76, 77. 

Sicely, 76. 
Barefoot, Walter, 12. 
Barhew, Aenon, 216. 
Barker, Alice, 387- 

Philbrook, 126. 
Barnet, Mary, 380. 
Barney, Jacob, 387. 
Barnum, Samuel H., 211, 341. 
Barry, Bartholomew, 385. 

Elizabeth, 389. 

James, 76, 81. 
Bartlett, Charles W.. 264. 

Elizabeth, 286. 

Ichabod, 277, 362. 

James, 206, 277. 

John H., 286. 

Joseph C, 363. 368. 

Josiah, 126. 

Sarah, 144. 

Susan E., 388. 

Thomas, 216. 
Bascom, Joseph, 244. 
Basford, James, 19. 223. 
Bassett, Ann, 390. 

Susan C, 390. 
Batchelder, Ariana S., 390. 

Loisa T., 387. 

Simon, 124. 
Bates, James, 262. 
Bean, Ebenezer, 377. 

Harriet, 383. 

John, 152, 396. 
Beard, Elizabeth, 65, 66, 67. 

Mary, 80. 

Mary A., 2H. 

Spencer F., 211. 

Thomas, 3, 4, 71. 

William, 3, 4, 9, 51, 65, 66, 67, 86, 171, 225. 

William H., 211. 

William S., 212, 213, 351- 
Beck, Abigail, 377- 

Henry, 6. 
Belcher, John, 17. 

Jonathan, 186. 
Belknap, Jeremy, 89, 94, 104. 
Bell, Charles H., 278, 280, 281. 

Frederick M., 149. 
Bennett, , 243, 244. 

Abraham, 19, 97, 107, 108, 109, 113, 172, 
174, 178, 183, 187, 233. 



Bennett, Abraham, Jr., iii, 371. 

Arthur, 11. 

Benjamin, in, 187. 

Benjamin, Jr., 187. 

Ebenezer, 131. 

Eleazer, 109, 121, 244, 371. 

Jacob, 152. 

John, 97, 191, 203. 371. 

Lucinda A., 386. 

Sarah, 249. 

Thomas, 381. 
Bennick (see Bennett). 
Berry, Eliza A., 166. 

Gov., 162. 

Joshua D., 262. 

Richard, 154. 

Samuel, 154, 156. 
Bickford, , 94. 5)6, 103. 244, 245. 

Abigail, 385- 

Abner, 25. 

Alphonso, 288, 289, 349. 360. 

Andrew, 204. 

Benjamin, 19, 24, 25, 27, 371. 

Bethiah, 200. 

Charles, 27, 197. 

Charles H., 156. 

David, 384. 

Dependance, 233, 234. 

Dudley P., 153- 

Dudley P., Jr., 153. 156. 

Edward, 158, 159. 

Eleazer, 18, 19, 112, 176, 180, 182. 

Eli, 124, 131. 

Eliakim, 128, 131, 376. 

Elizabeth, 381. 

Ephraim, 131. 

Ephraim, L., 384. 

Ernest F., 265. 

Esther, 371. 

Frances, 360. 

George, 233. 

Henry, 196, 197. 

James, 174. 178, 385- 

John, 9. 12, 13. 19. 43. 48. 49. SO. Si, 55, 83. 
171, 176, 180, 182, i87i 204, 219, 36s, 381. 

John E., 156. 

John F., 153- 

John, Jr., 27. 

Joseph, 19, III, 114, 124, 131, 180, 182, 
187. 

Josiah, 131. 

Lydia, 93. 

Mary, 386. 

Mary J., 360. 

Micajah, 126. 

Reuben, 371. 

Robert, 204. 

Samuel, 24, 25, 113, 114, 126, 131. 

Sarah, 380, 381. 

Susanna, 149- 



INDEX OF NAMES 



407 



Bickford, Thomas, 13, 14, i6, 27, 49, 94, no, 
187, 196, 197, 200, 288, 395. 

William, 204. 

Winthrop, 49, 371. 
Sines, Jonas, 9. 38, 39. 47, 49, 83. 
Blaine, James G., 284. 
Blaisdell, Abijah, 124, 131. 
Bly, William, 126. 
Blydenburgh, , 356. 

John, 201, 203, 241, 343. 362, 366, 371- 

Margaret, 207, 234, 343. 
Blunt, Joshua, 388. 

Sarah, 261. 
Boardman, Jane, 207. 

Martha, 207. 

William, 207. 
Bodge, Avis, 216. 

Benjamin, 25, 27, 126, 176, 180. 

Ichabod, Jr., 395. 

Samuel, 126. 

Stephen, 151. 
Boffe, Jessie, 131. 
Boin, Mary, 386. 

Bombazeen (Indian), 91, 92, 93, 104. 
Bonely, James, 115. 
Boody, Azariah, 27, 115, 196, 197. 

Benjamin, 1824 
Borman, John, 379. 
Boudy, Anthony, 156. 
Bowdcn, William, 6. 
Bowles, Mary J., 388. 
Boynton. Ebenezer, 385. 

Joseph, 371. 
Bracey, Sarah, 381. 
Brackett, Benning, 115. 

James, 126. 

Joseph, 126. 
Bradley, Benjamin, 24. 
Bradstreet, Simon, 87. 
Bragdon, Arthur, 92. 
Braggonton, Sarah, 92. 
Brailey, Benjamin, 126. 
Branscomb, Arthur, 131. 
Brant, Joseph, 138. 
Bray, Henry, 10, 60, 66. 

Mary, 46. 

Richard, 45, 46. 

William, 10. 1 

Brewster, King, 253. 

Nero, 253. 

Timothy, 385. 

William, 277. 
Bridgman, Martha, 262. 
Britton. James, 156, 159, 246. 
Brock, Haley D., 153. 

Nathaniel, 385. 

Nicholas, 27. 

Solomon H., 360. 

Stephen, 381. 

William, 371. 



Broderick, John, 153. 
Bronson, George, 10, 39. 
Brown, Albert R., 265. 

Benjamin F., 381. 

Elisha R., 239, 288, 359, 360. 

Frank R., 265. 

Gov., 162. 

Henry, 10, 76, 77, 78, 82. 

Jacob K., 154. 

James, 27, 113, 391. 

John, 108. 

Mary, 380. 

Sarah, 391. 

William, 16, 197. 
Browne, Margery, 135. 
Bryant, Anna, 39a. 

Dennis, 11. 

Elizabeth, 200. 

John S., 158. 

Rhoda, 391. 

Walter, 19, 200, 213, 233, 365, 391. 392. 
Buckminster, Dr., 173. 
Buckner, Charles, 257. 
Bulie. Elizabeth, 78. 
Bunker, Abigail, 381. 

Benjamin, 112, 130, 240, 371. 

Catherine, 385. 

Charles A., IS3. 

Charles H., 153, i6o, 167, 168. 

Daniel C, 153. 

Dolly, 167. 

Elizabeth, 381. 

Enoch, 131. 

Ephraim, 167. 37i. 

Fred M., 240. 

George, 380. 

George F., 153. 

George W., 153, 160, 168. 

James, 10, 14, 19, 64, 83, 100, 103, 104, 
127, 176, 191, 227, 229, 240, 351. 

James G., 24. 

James, Jr., 14. 

James M., 153, 363. 364, 368. 

John, 13, 104, 108. 

John J., 153. 

Joseph, 14, 19, 227. 

Leonard B., 243, 246. 

Love, 385- 

Mary, 104, 385, 386. 

Mehitable, 207, 387. 

Mercy, 150. 

Stephen, 27. 

Thomas, 25. 

Tobias, 387- 

WiUiam H., 153. 

Zacheus, 131. 

Zechariah, 150, 151, 376. 
Burbank, Zilla B., 349. 
Burdett, Benjamin, 187. 

Dorcas, 392. 



4o8 



INDEX OF NAMES 



• Burdett, George, 169. 

Moses B., 392. 
Burgin, Hall, 233. 
Burgoyne, Gen., 141. 
Burleigh, Isaac, 371. 

Samuel, 24. 
Burley, Josiah, lis, 126. 

Samuel, 126. 

William, 178. 
Bumham, , 90, 91, 92, 96, 103, 245. 

Abigail, 200. 

Abraham, 262. 

Benjamin, 131. 

Caroline, 260. 

Ebenezer, 126. 

Edward, 131, 371. 

Eliza, 260. 

Elizabeth, 105, 250. 

Elliott, IS I. 

Esther, 150. 

Fannie, 265. 

George W., 154. 

Hannah, 260. 

James, 19, 58, iir, 131. i74. 178, 28s, 34i- 

James, Jr., iii. 

James W., 309. 36S. 369- 

Jeremiah, 12, 13, 14, 21, 55, 56, 57, 70, 73, 
107, 118, 130, 172, 174, 178, 200, 213, 227, 
228, 366, 371. 

Jeremiah, Jr., 251. 

John, 18, 19, 129, isi, 174, 178, 230, 260, 
371. 

John, Jr., III. 

Joseph, ISO, 151, 152, 260. 

Joseph S., 362, 363, 364, 368. 

Joshua, 24, 25, 126. 

Joshua, Jr., 126. 

Josiah, 124, I2S, 131. 

Langdon, 260. 

Mary, 58, 285. 

Moses, 260. 

Paul, 131. 

Pike, 130, 131, 371. 

Robert, 10, 11, 12, 13, 19, 43, 56, 57, 58, 66, 
67, 107. 108, 161, 171. 174. 178, 189, 204, 
36s. 371. 

Robert, Jr., iii. 

Samuel, 11, 12, 13, 58, 131. 249, 261, 34I1 
363,364.367,371. 

Sarah, 57. 

Solomon, 25. 
Bums, Harry, is6. 

Burt, Federal, 204, 205, 206, 207, 241, 382, 
395. 

Mary, 205. 
Buss, Abigail, 41. 

Elizabeth, 90. 

John, 13, 19, 55, 59, 92, loi. 102, 124, 131, 
171, 172, 17s, 206, 213, 231, 285. 

John, Jr., 19, 174, 178, 190, 230. 



Buss, WilUam, 41. 
Butler, Frances, 152. 

George W., 153. 368. 

James, iS3. 368, 371. 

John, 138. 
Buzzell, Abigail, 395. 

Andrew, 393. 

Ann, 38s. 

Benjamin, 27, 114. 

Ebenezer, 27, 197, 384. 

Hannah, 379. 

Henry, 16, 27, 196, 197. 

Ichabod, 115. 

Isaac, 25, 27. 

Jacob, 197. 

Jeremiah, 383, 

John, 16, 27, 196, 197. 

John, Jr., 197. 

Joseph, 27, 124, 197, 393. 

Nancy, 382. 

Samuel, 27. 

Sarah B., 387. 

William, 16, 27, 196, 197, 

Caldwell, Hannah, 384. 

William, 22, 127. 
Call, Samuel, 392. 

Sarah, 392. 

Stephen, 393- 

Stephen, Jr., 393. 
Came, Arthur, 81. ^ 

Eleanor, 81. 
Camond, Abel, 6. 
Campbell, Hannah G., 386. 

Lucy, 386. 

William, 381. 
Canald, Sophia, 385. 
Canney, Ichabod, 27. 

John, Jr., 27. 

Thomas, 3. 6, 7. 
Canyda, Thomas, 46, 77. 
CarduUo, Forrest E., 213. 
Carignon, Angelique B., 98. 
Carnegie, Andrew, 276. 
Carroll, John, 156. 
Carson, Robert, 156. 
Carswell, Tamsen, 384. 
Carter, Andrew, 25. 

James, 381. 

Samuel, 24. 
Cartland, John, 25. 

Joseph, 127. 
Cashey, William, 24. 
Caswell, Richard, 27. 
Cate, Samuel, 383- 

Sarah A., 388. 
Cavemo, George, 321, 369, 386. 
Chadbume, Oliver, 385. 
Chadwick, William B., 154, 156. 
Chamberlin, Mary, 153. 



INDEX OF NAMES 



409 



Champemoon, Francis, 6, 12. 
Chandler, Samuel, 192. 
Channell, Abigail, 395. 

Abraham, 395. 

Francis P., 38s. 

Lydia B., 389. 

William J., 154. 
Channon, Thomasine, 51. 
Chapin, Charles H., 211, 341. 
Chapman, Ebenezer, 159. 

John, 392. 

Joseph H., 156. 

Mary A., 387. 

Oliver H., 385- 

Phebe, 392. 

Samuel, 379. 

Sylvanus, 159. 
Chase, Enoch, 383. 

Oliver, 377, 381. 

Reuben, 396. 

Susan B., 388. 
Cheney, Ira, 280. 

Irene, 343- 
Chesley, , 86, 102. 

Aaron, 131. 

Abigail, 385. 

Alfred, 280, 345. 

Alfred E., 156. 

Alice M., 65. 

Alpheus, 65. IIS, 122, 128, 129, 130, 131, 
146, 366. 

Benjamin, 129, 130, 203, 282, 331, 332, 372. 

Benjamin, Jr., 115, 130, 372. 

Daniel, 65. 126, 320, 321, 36s. 368, 369- 

Deborah,- 146, 216. 

Deliverance, 68, 70, 80, 105. 

Ebenezer, 124, 130, 131. 

George, 14, 21, 25, 68, 71, 80, los, 107, 126, 
216, 223, 234, 241. 

George E., 134. 243. 

Hjmnah, 191, 199, 304. 

Hannah D., 389. 

Hester, 98. 

Ichabod, 18, 19, 25, 178, 191, 234, 246. 

Ichabod, Jr., 174. 

Isaac, 372. 

Israel, 148, 215. 

James, 27, 104, in, 152, 196, 216, 367. 

Jane, 207, 388. 

John, 107, 174, 178. 

John S., 154, 368. 

Jonathan, 19, 2s. 27i 67, 107, 113. 114, Ii8, 
122, 128, 129, 130, 131, 174, 178, 190, 204, 
246, 252, 364, 365, 366, 367. 

Jonathan, Jr., 204. 

Joseph, 19, 109, no, 174, 178, 203, 349. 361, 
362, 36s, 367. 371. 

Joseph, Jr., 130. 

Joseph M., 158. 

Joseph R., 244. 



Chesley, Joshua, 16, 19. 23, 27, 132, 246. 

Lafayette, 63. 

Lemuel, 19, 21, 27, 126. 

Margery S., 320. 

Mar>', 190, 200, 207, 372, 383. 

Mary A., 263. 

Mary H., 343. 345- 

Nancy, 148. 

Paul, 23, 24, 23, 27, 243. 

Phebe, 384. 

Philip, 3, 9, 12, 13, 14, 19, 23, 34, 46, 64, 63, 
66, 80, 82, 83, 104, 107, 130, 171, 172, 174. 
178, 191, 198, 204, 219, 241, 349. 

Philip, Jr., 13. 63. 

Reuben, 19, 27, 196. 

Samuel, 16, 23, 27, 67, 118, 122, 128, 129, 
130, 131. 132, 174, 178, 196, 197, 241, 361, 
362, 363, 366, 372. 

Samuel, Jr., 16, 27, 104, 174, 178. 

Samuel P., 363. 

Sarah, 207, 216, 372. 

Stephen P., 239, 369. 

Susan, 216. 

Thomas. 11, 12, 13, 14, 22, 23, 63, 66, 103. 
103, 106, 109, 118, 129, 131, 234, 364, 363- 

Thomas, Jr., 14, 23. 

WUbert S., 369. 

William, 260, 267. 

William J., 216, 232, 362, 367, 368. 
Cheswell, Sarah, 397. 
Chidsey, Fred S., 136. 
Chiles, Hannah, 380. 
Chisholm, Julia C, 213. 

Oscar H., 213. 

Winifred N., 213. 
Christie, Daniel M., 288, 298. 
Churqh, Israel P., 154, 339- 

Nathaniel, 383. 
Cilley, O. G., 289. 
Clagett, Wiseman, 282. 
Clark or Clarke, * 

Abraham, 11, 27, 64, 100, 102, 108, 196, 233, 
226, 227. 

Benjamin, 24, 126. 

Charles E., 390. 

Deliverance, 104. . 

Eleazer, 107. 

Eli, 19, 24, 223, 230. 

Eli, Jr., 24, 109. 

Isaac, 126. 

James, 27, 136, 223. 

James L., 386. 

Jane, 383- 

John, 24, 381. 

Joseph, 24, 23, 277. 

Joseph I. C, 138. 

Mary, 149. 

Mary P., 386. 

Mehitable, 387. 

Nathaniel, 384. 



410 



INDEX OF NAMES 



Clark or Clarke, Remembrance, 27. 

Samuel, 115, 124, 131. 

Sarah, 382. 

William, 387. 
Clarenbrook, Elizabeth, 384. 
Clary, William, 182. 
Clay, Asa, 386. 

Curtis, 384. 

Elizabeth, 380. 

Hannah, 383. 

Job, 384. 

John, 387. 

Jonathan, 396. 

Joseph, 21, 25. 

Martha, 386. 

William, 19, 108, 180, 182. 
Clayton, Wilton H., 156. 
Clemens, James, 126, 196. 

James, Jr., 197. 
Clement, Albert B., 156. 

James, 27, 126. 

Job, 3. 

Sarah, 382. 
Cleveland, Grover, 334. 
Cleves, John, 156. 
Clough, Anna, 393. 

Ephraim, 130, 372, 392, 393. 

Jonathan, 25, 345. 

Hannah, 395. 

John, 124, 125, 131, 234, 366, 367, 372. 

Love, 345- 

Mary, 393. 

Obadiah, 392. 

Samuel, 124, 131. 

Zacheus, 24, 25, 126, 131, 345. 
Cloutman, Caleb B., 216. 
Cochran, Hiram, 385. 

John, 118, 119. 
Coe, , 87, 345. 

Abigail, 349. 

Anne, 200. 

Anne H., 264. 

Curtis, 200, 201, 202, 203, 204, 206, 214, 
241.349,371.380. 

Joseph, 241, 246, 253, 331, 341, 362, 363, 
364, 367. 

Joseph W., 262, 327, 333, 349. 

Mrs. Joseph W., 281. 

Margaret A., 264. 
Coffin, Peter, 12, 68, 223. 

William R., 154. 
Cogan, James, 397. 

Patrick, 128, 130, 216. 

Stephen, 118, 151, 203, 244, 34s, 366, 372. 

William, 367. 
Colbath, Benjamin, 131. 

Betsey, 381. 

Dependance, 132. 

Downing, 132. 

John, 124, 132, 372. 



Colbath, Lettice, 384. 

Ruth, 382. 

Sarah, 129, 376. 

Temperance, 381. 
Colcord, Edward, 6. 

Ivory, 260. 

Sarah A., 260. 

Weare, 260. 

William, 260. 
Cole, Abigail, 382. 
Coleman, Daniel S., 154. 

Joseph, 113. 

Mary C, 388. 

Oliver, 387. 

Oliver W., 154. 
Colkins, John, 132. 
Collins, Abraham, 11. 

John, 123, 125. 
Colomy Jacob, 158. 
Comings, Albert L., 215. 

Carrie L., 265. 

Mary E., 265. 
Conley, James, 156. 
Conner, James 19, 231. 

Timothy, 107, 178, 231. 
Connor, Patrick J., 231, 369. 
Conroy, John, 156. 
Converse, Capt., 88. 
Cook, Hezekiah, 27. 

Reuben, 381. 
Coos, Clarissa, 207. 
Copps, David, 123, 125, 132. 
Corson, Aaron, 154, 243. 

Charles H., 154. 

John, 154. 
Cotton, William, 128. 
Couch, John, 125, 132. 

Courser, , 262. 

Cox, Alfred A., 389. 

Hugh, 382, 397. 

Jane, 260. 
Craig, Samuel H., 368. 
Cram, Daniel, 151, 383, 397- 

Edna, 388. 

James, 233. 

John, 385. 

Levi, 148, 385. 

Lois, 148. 

Cranfield, , 12, 291. 

Crawford, John, 25, 128. 

Creecy, William, 132. 

Creighton, Margaret, 287. 

Critchet, Elias, 14, 19, 97. 132, 174. 178, 223. 

Elias, Jr., 174, 178. 

James, 371. 395- 

John, III. 
Crockett, Ebenezer, 132, 151, 152. 

Elizabeth, 144. 

Jacob, 37. 203, 372. 

James, 132. 



INDEX OF NAMES 



411 



Crockett, Jeremiah, 11, 14, io6. 

John, 19, 97, 107, no, 174, 178, 187. 

Joshua, 19, 37. 109. m. 114, 366. 

Martha, 144. 

Moses, 132. 

Philip, 13, 33, 87, III, 132, 187. 

Samuel, 132. 

Thomas, 132. 
Cromwell, John, 14, 97, 174. 

Joshua, 28s- 

Mary, 377- 

Oliver, 75, 82. 

Philip. 3, II, 14, 87- 

Samuel, 132, 376. 

Samuel, Jr., 376. 
Crosby. Daniel, 285. 

Elizabeth, 285. 

Hamiah, 59, 285. 

Jonathan, 58, 59, 285, 286, 341. 

Jonathan, Jr., 285. 

John, 285. 

Mary, 285. 

Sarah, 285. 
Crose, Noel, 16. 
Cross, John, 6. 
Crown, James, 197. 

Susanna, 129. 

William, 132. 
Cummings, Charles D., 154. 
Curmichael, Ann, 77. 

John, 77. 
Currier, Eliza, 288. 

Ruth, 144. 
Curtis, John, 386. 

Loisa, 386. 

William, 386. 
Cushing, Jonathan. 184. 194. 
Cuson, Julia, 213. 
Cutler, Ezekiel, 385. 
Cutts, John, 35, 56. 



Dame or Dam, 
Asa C, 154. 



243- 



Benjamin, 152, 216. 

Benjamin F., 261. 

Bethiah. 392. 

Esther, 392. 

George, 152, 203, 244, 367, 372, 392. 

George E., 154. 

Hunking, 24, 126. 

Ilunking II., 154, 244. 

John. 3, 6. 31. 132, 372, 392. 

John B. G., 244. 

Joseph, 156, 372. 

Joseph W., 156, 167. 

Josiah, 392. 

Levi, 154. 

Maria, 156. 

Mary, 216. 

Moses, 24. 25, 126. 



Dame, Moses G., 154. 

Sarah, 27, 379. 

Sylvester, 154. 

Thomas, 130. 

William, 158. 

William, Jr. 196. 
Daney. Hale P., 386. 
Daniel or Daniels. 

Abigail, 385. 

Ann, 77. 

Benjamin, 20, 113. 

David, II, 25, 37, 78, 82, IIS, I7i. 196. 

Eleanor, 384. 

Eliphalet, no, 112, 132, 203, 372. 

Eliza, 385. 

Jacob, 27, 196. 

James, 78. 

John, 16, 20, 37, 176, 180, 182. 

Jonathan, 196. 

Joseph, 16, 20, 27, 178, 182, 196, 197, 204. 

Joseph Jr., 20, 27, 180. 

Joseph 3d., 16. 

Lydia, 387. 

Nathaniel, 115, 132. 

Reuben, no. 

Rosamond, 386. 
Danielson (see Daniels). 
Davis, Aaron, 25, 121, 242. 

Abigail, 396. 

Alfred E., 156. 

Anna, 392. 

Benjamin, 19, 109, in. 

Caleb, 260. 

Caroline, 148. 

Charles, 156. 

Charles S., 153, 156, 160, 164, 241. 

Charles W., 159. 

Clement, 24, 126, 132. 

Clement M., 216. 

Daniel, 18, 19, 53, 54. 55. no, 148, 176, 
180, 182. 223, 372. 

David, II, 24, 35, 97, 103, in, 115, 126, 
132. 150, 151. 174. 187, 198, 244, 356, 
372, 392. 

David O., 156, 164. 233. 

Dudley, 124, 125. 

Eben M., 154, 244, 356, 365. 368. 

Ebenezer, 19, 106, in. 

Enoch, 260, 388. 

Ephraim, 19, 25, 27, 114. 231, 361, 365, 372. 

Everett G., 265. 

George, 260. 

Gertrude I., 335- 

Henr>% 387- 

Jabez, 19, 109, in, 227, 303. 

James, 19, 24, 27, 62, 68, 70, 89, 100, loi, 
108, 126. 176, 178, 182, 184. 189. 197. 
223. 225, 227, 228, 229, 239, 240, 292, 
293.361, 364, 365, 372. 

James Jr., 19, 115, 176, 180, 182, 223. 



412 



INDEX OF NAMES 



Davis, James 3d., 176. 
Jane, 77, 99, 102, 260. 
Jeremiah, 19, 25, 109, iii. 
John, 10, 12, 13, 19, 24, 25, 43, 53. 57, S8, 

62, 89, 90, 102, 103, 107, III, 126, 169, 

171, 176, 178, 180, 182, 234, 240, 365- 
John, Jr., II, 12, 13, 109, 126. 
Jonathan, 25. 
Jonathan, Jr., 25. 
Joseph, 13, 19, 100, no, 172, 174. 175. 178, 

187, 190, 223, 233. 
Joseph, Jr., 109. 

Joshua, 19, 109, III, 174, 178, 203, 223, 227. 
Judith, 99. 
Levi, 372, 380. 
Love, 204, 242, 244, 372. 
Lucetta M., 337, 347. 
Lucinda H., 386. 
Lydia P., 385. 
Mary, 102, 190, 207, 260. 
Micah, 122, 132,377. 
Micajah, 396. 
Miles, 384. 
Molly, 392. 
Moses, 13, 24, 25, 90, los, 107, 113, 176, 

223, 225, 232, 242. 
Moses, Jr., 105, 174, 176, 180, 182, 225. 
Nathaniel, 27, 196. 
Nehemiah, 25. 
Noah 2d., 389- 
Paul, 14. 
Philip, 132. 
Robert, 25. 
Samuel, 16, 19, 27, 109, 182, 196, 197, 223, 

234- 

Samuel, Jr., 27, 196. 

Sarah, 102, 382, 384. 

Solomon, 19, 109, in, 128, 182, 223, 381. 

Stephen, 383. 

Thomas, 13, 27, 109, 124, 132, 176, 180, 
182, 223, 372. 

Thomas Jr., 27. 

Timothy, 24, 108, 125, 132, 176, 180, 182, 
223, 396. 

Wallis S.. 241. 

Weare, 388. 

William H., 154. 

Zephaniah, 25. 
Dealing, Abigail, 376. 
Dean, John, 69, 70, 90, loi, 102, 230, 

Mrs., 90. 
Dearborn, James, 373. 

Mary, 376. 

Samuel, 331. 
DeMeritt or Demeritt. 

Albert, 73. 246, 275, 324, 325, 3S0, 351. 363. 
365- 

Charles, 154. 

Ebenezer, 27, 151, 197. 

Edwin, 261, 264. 



DeMeritt or Demeritt, 

EH, 14, 16, 27, 72, 73, 108, 151, 174. 196, 
197. 242, 349. 3Sr. 

Eli, Jr., 178. 

Frank, 264. 

George P., 73. 154.^156, 160, 35i- 

Israel, 204, 243, 351, 372. 

Jane, 301. 

Job, 16, 27, 196, 197. 

Job, Jr., 27, lis, 116. 

John, 16, 27, 115, 120, 121, 122, 124, 196, 
197. 

John C, 154- 

John, Jr., 27, 197. 

Joseph, IIS. 

Katharine, 265. 

Margaret, 265. 

Mary, 216. 

Nathaniel, 118, 204, 243, 351, 372. 

Ohver C, IS4. 345. 368. 

Samuel, 25, in, 114, 115. 123. 132, i47. 
242, 251, 286, 349, 351. 

Sarah, 345, 385. 

Solomon, 27, 115. 

Stephen, 151. 265. 267. 3Si. 362, 363. 364, 
367, 368. 

Timothy, 216. 

William, 16, 27, 196, 197, 215, 262, 263. 
3SI. 367. 
Denbow, Denmore, Dinsmore. 

Clement, 25. 

Elijah, 24. 

Ichabod, 24, 25, in, 372. 

Nathaniel, 108. 

Richard, 20, 109, m. 176, 230, 231. 

Peter, 20, 96, 102, 180. 

Salathiel, n, 13, 21, 60, 108, 171, 176, 180, 
182. 

Salathiel, Jr., 109. 

Sarah, 395. 
Denmark, Elizabeth, 78. 

Hannah, 78. 

James, 78. 

Patrick, 11, 14, 78, 82, 83. 
Denmore (see Denbow) (see Denmark). 

Patrick, 78. 

Peter, 180. 
Dennison, John, 368. 
Dennett, John, 191. 
Denney, John, 156. 
Dennie, Albert, 128. 
Deny, Deliverance, 100. 

James, n, 13. 
John, II, 14, 72, 100, 102. 
John, Jr., II, 12, 13. 
Joseph, 100, 102. 
Dexter, Charles R., 156. 
Dill, Mary, 285. 
Dinsmore (see Denbow). 
Cornelius, 126. 



INDEX OF NAMES 



413 



Dinsmore, Elijah, 126, 132. 
Diuel, John, 11,66. 
Dockum, Jonathan, 151, 367. 

Sarah, 388. 
Doe, Andrew, J., 154. 

Benjamin, no, in, 362, 364, 368, 372. 

Benjamin Jr., 130. 

Bradstreet, 233. 

Daniel, no, iii, 112. 

Ebenezer, 151, 203, 216, 362, 367, 372. 

Ebenezer F., 154. 

Frank E., 244, 368, 369. 

Horace B., 154. 

John, 14, 20, 97, no, in, 112, 174, 178, 
230. 

John, Jr., 20. 

Jonathan, 132, 233. 

Joseph, 20, 24, 25, no, in, 112, 126, 151. 

Joshua, 132. 

Louisa, 207, 216. 

Mehitable, 207. 

Nicholas, n, 32, 33, 34, 171. 

Olinthus, N. 154, 246. 

Sampson, 14, 32, 34, 35, 97, 108, 174, 178, 
183. 

Sarah, 216, 389. 

Sarah G., 387. 

Wiggin, 372. 

Zebulon, Jr., 233. 
Doeg, Austin, 309. 

George P. (or H.), is6, 160, 165. 

John H., 156, 160, 167. 
Doer, Edward, 387. 
Dority, John C, 156. 
Dougherty, Abigail, 78. 

Benjamin, 78. 

Elizabeth, 78. 

James, 78. 

Margaret, 78. 

Mary, 78. 

Patience, 78. 

Thomas, lo, 56, 78, 82. 
Douglass, Frederick, 253. 
Dow, Ebenezer, 24. 

Jonathan, 126. 
Dowe, George M., 154, 156. 
Downing, John, 151. 

Joseph, 386. 

Richard, 383. "" 

Susan, 395. 
Doyle, Albert G., 288, 389. 

Eliza, 288. 
Drew, Andrew, 132, 147, 366, 372. 

Ann, 384. 

Benjamin, 94, 102, 151. 

Clement, 27, 108, 223. 

Clement, Jr., 27. 

David, 27. 

Elijah, 39, no, 366. 

Elizabeth, 60, 171. 



Drew, Francis, 27, 39, 40, 93, 102, 109, 132, 
151, 171, 196. 

Hannah, 386. 

Henry A., 154, 364, 365. 

James, 27. 

Jeremiah, 368. 

Joanna, 40. 

John, 19, 27, 39, 40, S3. 93. 94. 102. 104, 
no, 154. IS6, 187, 233. 339. 34i. 368. 

John F., 154. 

John, Jr., 109. 

John 3d., 109. 

Jonathan, 381. 

Joseph, 19, 27, 40, 41, 59, 60, 100, no, in, 
151, 187, 233, 365, 372. 

Lydia, 93, 102. 

Mary, 40, 93. 104. 

Meshech, 27. 

Moses, 381. 

Nancy, 385. 

Nicholas, 244. 

Obadiah, 27. 

Paul. 27. 

Rebecca, 287. 

Samuel, 27, 151, 372, 384. 

Samuel C, 204. 

Silas, 27. 

Tamsen, 39, 40, 92, 93, 94 ,102, 245. 

Thomas, 19. 27, 39, 40, 53, 92, 93, 94. 96, 
102, 104, 107, 171. 176, 180, 182, 187, 
223. 245, 365. 

Thomas, Jr., 27, 109, no, 223. 

Thomas 3d., 27. 

William, 9, 19. 38. 39. 40, 52, 108, 223, 228, 
229, 230. 245, 249, 361, 365, 366. 

William J., 264. 

Zebulon, 123, 125, 132. 
Drisco, Cornelius, 108, 174, 17S. 

James, 130, 345- 

John, 123, 125, 132. 

Sarah, 377. 
Drown, Aaron, 393. 

Elizabeth, 393. 

Peter, 147. 

Samuel, 379. 

5k)lomon, 393. 

Stephen, 393- 
Dudey, Duda, Durrell. 

Benmore, 130, 187, 372. 

Joseph, 20, so, 108, in, 174, 178, 184, 187. 

Joseph, Jr., 187. 

Lemuel, 132. 

Nicholas, 22, 24, 366. 

Philip, 13, 14. 

Rebecca, 50. 
Dudley, Capt., 89. 

Hollis O., 152, 158. 
Dulen, Edward, 79. 
Duley, Phihp, 180, 182. 

Philip, Jr., 180. 



414 



INDEX OF NAMES 



Duley, William, 174, 178. 
Dunn. Elizabeth, 52. 

Hugh, II, 32. 

Nicholas, 11, 32. 
Dunster, Samuel, 208. 

Thomas, 6. 
Durant, John, 377. 
Durgin, Asa, 151. 

Benjamin, 20, 24, 25, no, 126, 132, 187. 

David, 132. 

Eliphalet, 124, 132. 

Eliza, 373- 

Elizabeth, 216. 

Enoch, 152. 

Francis, 19, 24, 36, no, 187. 

Hall, 233. 

Henry, 132, 147, 377. 

James, 14, 19, 36, 107. no, 152, 17S, 204, 
241, 280, 34s, 372. 

James, Jr., 19, no, 183. 

John, 19, 24, 36, no, 187, 233. 

John W., 154. 

Jonathan, 19, no. 

Joseph, 19, no, in, 132, 187, 233,372. 

Joshua, 127. 

Josiah, 24, 25, 126. 

Levi, 132. 

Lieut., 121. 

Mary, 372. 

Mary L., 386. 

Philip, 132, 377. 

Samuel, 126. 

Stephen, 203, 373- 

Trueworthy, 187, 366, 373. 

Trueworthy D., 123, 129, 132. 

Trueworthy, Jr., 233. 

William, n, 13, 14, 19, 36, 97, 103, no, 
176, 178, 187, 373- 

William, Jr., 19, 187. 
During, Edward, 82. 
Durrell (see Dudey, Duda). 
Dustin, Thomas, 6. 
Dutch, Elizabeth, 395. 

George, 126. 

Jeremiah, 132. 

John, 132, 377. 

Widow, 70. 
Dyer, Samuel, 25 

Eastman, William, 377. 
Edes, Olive, 384. 
Edgerly, , 245 

Charles, 158. 

Charles E. B., 156, 165. 

Daniel, 41, 152. 

Ebenezer, 373. 

Eli, 36, 37. IS4- 

Elizabeth, 42, 96, 102, 165. 

George E., 156. 

Hannah, 41. 



Hdgerly, Jacob, 165. 

James, 132. 

James B., 154. 

Jane, 95. 

John, 14, 20, 41, 42, 43, 44, 95, no, 113, 
115, 176. 180, 182, 187, 200, 234, 287, 373. 

John Jr., 20. 

Jonathan, 203. 

Joseph, 20, 96, 102, no, 156, 176, 180, 182. 
187, 230. 

Joseph Jr., 20, 187. 

Josiah, 144. 

Larkin P., isi. 

Love, 216. 

Maria, 388. 

Mary, 144. 

Moses, 187, 253, 373. 

Moses Jr., 233, 373. 

Nancy, 381. 

Rebecca, 43, 50, 95. 

Richard, 154. 

Samuel, 42, 43, 107, 151, 176, 180, 182, 
184, 203, 373. 

Samuel, Jr., 203, 373. 

Sarah, 200, 381. 

Susanna, 96, 102. 

Thomas, n, 12, 13, 14, 41, 42, 43, 45, 46, 
95, 96, 97. 102, 103, 107, 128, 132, 171, 
176, 180, 182, 219. 

Thomas, Jr., 95, 102, no. 

Temperance A., 260. 

Walter S., 334. 

Zachariah, 16, 27, 39, 40, 96, 102, 182, 196, 
197- 
Edling, David L., 3, 82. 

Elizabeth, 82. 
Edmonds, Abigail, 78. 

Robert, 78. 
Edney, George P., 261. 
Ela, Edna, 383. 

Hannah, 261. 

Joseph, 277. • 

Richard 277, 362. 

Sarah, 277. 
Eldridge, William, 99. 
Eliot, Francis, 24. 

Jeremiah, 152. 

John, 24, 113. 

Jonathan, 382. 

Milenda C, 386. 
Elkins, Capt., 123. 
Ellison, George W., 156, 

John. 216. 

Joseph, 151. 

Thomas, 123. 124. 
Elwell, Deborah, 380. 
Emerson, Abigail, 207, 216, 316. 

Andrew, 204, 367. 

Charles W., 154. 

Ebenezer T., 154. 



INDEX OF NAMES 



415 



Emerson, Edward L., 23g. 240. 

Edward W., 149, 373. 

Frank, 244. 

George P., 240. 

Jeremiah, 204. 

John, 4S, 46, IIS, 126, 154, 204, 368. 

John P., 154. 

John T., 240, 349. 

John W., 241. 

Joseph, 373. 

Judith, 99, 100. 

Laura, 207. 

Mary, 385. 

Micah, 24, 27. 

Moses, 21, 25, 118, 122, 125, 129, 132. 349, 
361. 

Moses, 3d., 151. 

Olive, 149. 156, 216. 

Samuel, 20. 109 iis, 126, 154, 183. 213, 
246, 251. 

Sarah, 277. 

Smith, 22, 126, 132, 146, 149, ISO, 2SI, 368. 

Solomon, 25, 27, 196, 197, 2si. 

Timothy, 20, 128, 129, 132, IS2, 203, 249, 
286, 362, 366, 373- 

William, 113, 204. 
Emery, Anthony, 3, 6, 10. 
Englin, Matthew, 390. 
Erwin, Edward, 77, 78, 81. 
Estabroolt, Marcus M., 217. 
Eurin or Errin (see Erwin). 
Evans, Alsom, 389. 

Benjamin, 16, 380. 

Charity. 391. 

Daniel, 27. 

Edward. 191. 

John, 27, 197. 

Joseph. 27, 391. 

Joseph, Jr., 196. 

Robert. 196. 

Stephen, 27. 150, 203. 236, 377. 

Thomas, 27, 379. 

Fairchild. Edward T., 272, 273. 
Farmer, John, 93. 
Farnham, Abigail, 260. 

John, 260. 

Susan. 260. 
Farr, John. 156. 
Farrand, Daniel, 279. 

Francis J., 279. 
Felker, , 24s. 

Abraham, 25. 

Amos, 124, 126, 132. 

Brackctt, 396. 

Dimond, 126. 

Jam'es, 41. 362. 

Mary E., 390. 

Pamelia, 386. 

Sophia, 387. 



Felker, William, 397. 

William J., is6. 
Ffarrabas, William, 79. 
Ffrost (see Frost), 70, 71, 246. 

George, 118, 332. 342- 

George Jr., iS2. 

Margaret, 295. 

Margaret B., 340. 342. 

William P., 241. 
Field, Darby, 4, 9, 48, 49, si, 52, 58. 

Joseph, 10, 12, S2, 53, 54. i7i. 

Samuel, 380. 

Zechariah, 11, 53, 54, 104, 171, 
Fish, Jonathan, 25. 
Fisk, Elizabeth, 379. 

Jonathan, 126, 380. 
Flag, Lieut., 88. 
Flagg, Israel, Jr., 307, 308. 
Flanders, Dr., 289. 

Hilliard, 264. 

John, 385. 

Thomas, 349. 
Fletcher, Edward, 169. 
Fling, Anthony, 126. 
Flint, Polly, 377. 
Flora (Negro), 395. 
Floyd, John, 88. 
Fogg, Capt., 147. 

David H., 203, 365, 369. 

Hilliard F. 225, 243, 368. 

Horatio, 386. 

James, 382. 
Follett, Benjamin, 78. 

Caroline, 207. 

Charle.s, 260. 

Ichabod. 20, 108, 176, 180, 182. 

James, 389. 

Jennie. 381. 

John, 6. 20, 24, 25, 126. 

Joseph. 126. 

Nicholas. 11. 53, 54, 103, 249. 

Patience. 78. 

Prudence. 25. 

Richard, 216, 260 

William, 10, 64, 225, 226. 
Folley, Samuel. 20. 
Folsom, .\bigail II., 261. 

Betty, 349. 

Ephraim, 128, 280, 345. 

Gen., 123. 

James, 373. 391. 39S. 

Jeremiah, Jr., 128, 392. 

John, 12, 128, 393- 

Jonathan, 391. 

Joseph, 377. 

Josiah, 382, 392. 

Levi, 392. 

Mary, 53, 391, 393. 395. 

Nathan, 391, 392. 

Peter, 126, 392. 



4i6 



INDEX OF NAMES 



Folsom, Simeon, 392. 
Footman, Benjamin, 180, 182. 

Francis, 53, no, 178. 

John, 20, 108, no, 132, 176, 180, 182, 187. 

John, Jr., 20. 

Joseph, 20, no, 180, 182, 187, 233. 

Susan, 383. 

Thomas, 10, 20, 36, 37, 40, 43, 45, 46, 47, 
49> S3. 83, 89, 121, 125, 132, 176, 180, 
182, 187, 232. 

Wilham, 152. 
Ford, Benjamin, 383. 

Ebenezer, 383. 

John, 391. 

Mary, 392. 

Thomas, 391, 392. 
Foss, , 241. 

Leonard B., 154. 

Priscilla, 387. 

Nathan, 397. 

Richard, 380. 
Fowler, Clarence, 240. 

Daniel, 397. 

Daniel, Jr., 382. 

George, 154- 

Hannah, 397. 

Harriet, 288. 

James, 396. 

Joseph, IS4- 

Morris, 16, 196. 

Nancy, 216. 

Philip, 132. 

Samuel, 396. 

William, 197, 288. 
Fox, Elijah, 126. 
Foy, John, Jr., 196. 
Foye, Blanche M., 265. 
Frost (see Ffrost), , 396. 

Charles, 79, 249. 

David, 388. 

Dorothy, 388. 

Elizabeth, 79. 

George, 118, 152, 251, 252, 261, 294, 332, 
342, 343, 361, 364, 366, 373. 

George, Jr., 152, 203. 

George S., 154, 264. 

John, 204, 294, 342, 362. 

Margaret, 391. 

Margaret B., 340, 342. 

Martha, 391. 

Mary, 294. 342, 385- 

Nathaniel, 24, 126, 132, 187, 391, 392. 

Nicholas, 92, 132, 391. 

Winthrop, 132. 
Frj'e, Miriam, 381. 
Fryer, Nathaniel, 12. 
Furber, EU, 126. 

George W., 388. 

Jethro, 234. 

John B., 387. 



Furber, Mehitable, 397. 

Moses, 190. 

Richard, 388. 

Samuel, 397. 
Furbish, William, 79, 82. 
Furbush, William, 79, 82. 
Furness, Edward, 396. 

Patrick, 373- 

Robert, 151, 247. 

Gage, Hannah, 380. 

Mary W., 382. 

William H.. 3S8. 
Gammon, Charles, 156. 
Garland, Abigail, 392. 

Betsey, 387. 

Dodavah, 392. 

Dorothy, 207. 

Ebenezer, 27. 

Ebenezer C, 388. 

Elizabeth, 388. 

Hannah, 392. 

Jacob, 151. 

John, 39S. 

Joseph, Jr., 388. 

Lydia, 395. 

Nathaniel, 385. 

Peter, 6. 

Sarah, 207, 395. 
Garrison, William L., 254. 
Gear, Joseph, 385. 

Margaret, 385. 

Mary, 385. 

Olive, 386. 

Sarah, 384. 

Thomas, 387. 

Gellison, , 100, 102. 

George, Isaac B., 154. 

Joseph, 393. 

Thomas, 115, 393. 
Gerrish, Benjamin, 115,383. 

Ferdinando E., 154, 157. 

Hannah, 148. 

John, 227. 

Paul, 28, 197. 

Paul, Jr., 196. 

Peggy, 377- 

Samuel, 146. 

Samuel B., 386. 

Timothy, 132. 
Gerry, Amos H., 386. 

Gibbons, Ambrose, 3, 4. 8, 9. 10, 55, 56, 57. 
S8, 64, 24s. 

Rebecca, 57. 
Gibbs, William D., 271. 
Giles, Frank E., 368. 

Job R., 217. 

John, 24, 25. 

Matthew, 9, 51. 228. 

Paul, 200. 



INDEX OF NAMES 



417 



Giles, Ruel, 126. 

Sarah. 380. 
Gilman, Bartholomew, 194. 

Colonel, 109, 143, 150. 

Governor, 280. 

Hannah F., 389. 

Joseph, 20, 194. 

Josiah, 194. 

Mary, 194. 

Mary A.. 332,383- 

Nicholas, 185, 191, 192, 193, 194, 195, 198. 
231. 

Tristram, 194. 
Gilmore, George A., 112, 113. 

James, 118, 129. 130, 240, 373. 

Robert, 235, 237. 
Glasier, Benjamin, 380. 

Stephen, 25. 
Gleason, .\lbert, 154, 216. 

John, 157. 
Glidden, Anna, 392. 

Benjamin, 190. 

David S., 154. 

Elizabeth, 382. 

Gideon, 132. 

Joseph, 21, III, 198. 

Joseph, Jr., 391. 

Lydia, 380. 

Mary, 190, 379, 380. 

Priscilla, 391. 

William, 28, 126, 132, 197, 392. 
•Glines, William, 16, 176, 180, 182. 
Glover, Abigail, 384. 

Caroline, 386. 

Hiram, 397. 

John, 25, 124, 126, 132. 

Jonathan, 384. 

Mary, 28. 

Richard, 2S, 127, 230. 

Thomas, 197. 
Glynes, Hannah, 391. 

Joseph, 391. 

William, 391. 
Goddard, John, 3, 7, 9, 31, 32, 33, 33, 53, 171. 
Goe, George, 11. 
Goen, William, 126. 
GoflF, John, 148. 
GoUiez, Edward, 157. 
Goodrich, John, 157. 
Goodwin, Ichabod, 310. 

James L., 157. 

John D., 388. 

Robert, 157. 

Statira, 383. 
Gookin, Nathaniel, 20. 
Gould, Christopher, 380. 
Gove, Elijah, 204. 
Gowen, Elizabeth, 79. 

William, 83, 126. 
Gowing, Alexander, 79. 
27 



Graham, Edward, liz. 
Grant, Abigail, 34. 

Albert E., 289. 

Christopher, 34. 

James, 79. 

Joan, 79. 

Peter, 79. 

Thomas, 373. 

Ulysses S., 333. 
Graves, William. 10, 97, 229. 
Gray or Grey. 

Elizabeth, 379. 

Francis, 387. 

George, no. 

John, 20, no, 174, 17$. 

Reuben, 197. 

Samuel, 25. 

Sarah, 390. 
Greeley, Jonathan. 387. 

Samuel, 204. 
Green, Enoch, 124, 135, 132. 

Henry, 12. 

Mary, 39. 

Mary A., 289. 

Mattie R.. 289. 

Samuel H., 154, 289. 

Simon P., 289. 

Walter B., 289. 
Gregg, Sarah, 207. 
Grifiin. Adaline, 207. 

Adoniram, 148, 152. 

Hannah, 148, 373. 

John, 118, 123, 124, 125, 130. 132, 148. 259, 
366. 

Keziah. 148. 

Mary, 148. 

Nancy, 148. 

Ruth, 148. 

Widow, 203, 259. 

William, 148. 

Winbom, 148. 
Griffiths, . 225, 243. 

Arioch W., 309. 323. 324. 363. 369. 

David F., 244, 247. 

Edward, 152, 367, 368. 

Edward B., 154. 

Sarah E., 244. 

William H.. 1 54. 
Grover, Hannah, 167. 

Henry H. B., 217. 

George, 204. 

Jane F., 383. 

John, 373. 

John H. L., 157. 

Mary, 384. 

Patience, 384. 

Rhoda, 381. 

Vvidow. 397. 
Gynnison, Patrick, 3o . 
Gypson. .\nn. 379. 



4i8 



INDEX OF NAMES 



Haddock. Mary, 386. 
Haines, Ransom, 385. 
Samuel, 3, 6. 
Thomas J., 368. 
Hale, Colonel, 149. 

Samuel, 112. 
Haley, Michael, 154. 
Hall. Abigail, 384. 

Benjamin, 114, 132, 196, 380. 
Clarissa. 395- 
Hester, 98. 
Jacob, 385- 

James, 20, 24, 132, 234, 391. 
John, 3, 6, 20, 32, 132, 219. 
Lafayette, 154, 364. 
Mary. 391. 
Moses. 391. 
Penniel, 38s. 

Ralph, 3, 16, 31. 81. 169, I93> 196, 219- 
Samuel, 384, 397. 
Stephen H., 397. 
Halloway, Henry, 11. 
Halstead, Wallace, 160. 
Ham. Abigail, 386. 
Charles M., 157. 
Charlotte, 384. 
Daniel, Jr., 386. 
Hannah, 381, 384. 
John, 28, 278, 384. 
John F., 154. 
John, Jr., 28. 
Jonathan, 384. 
Joseph. 233. 389. 
Lydia. 384. 385- 
Martha, 383, 385. 
Martha A., 387. 
Mary. 384. 
Nathaniel, 151 
Patience, 381. 
Rufus, 390. 
Sarah, 385- 
Thomas, 373. 
Hammond, Isaac W., 181. 
Hance, John, 11, 12. 
Hancock. Nathaniel, i57- 
Hanscom, Moses. 152. 
Hanscomb, Aaron, 26. 
Cara, 213. 
Lucy, 377- 
Hanson, Aaron, 127. 
Betty. 382. 
Caroline. 395- 
Daniel. 381. 
Ebenezer. 382. 
George W., 157. 
James, 28, 38SV 
John, 206. 
John A., 154. 157- 
Jonathan, 28, 196. 
Joseph, III, 206. 395- 



Hanson, Joseph, Jr., 383. 

Lydia, 395- 

Mary, 384- 

Nathaniel, 28. 

Patience, 385. 

Samuel. 28, 384. 

Sarah, 279. 

Sophia, 387. 

Stephen, 28. 

Timothy, 28, 385. 

William. 204. 
Hardy, Captain. 193. 

Charles, 261. 

Daniel. 349- 

Margery, 282, 331- 

Mar>'. 261. 331- 

Theophilus. 128. 261, 331. 373- 

Thomas, 118. 
Harris, Nicholas, 11. 
Harrison, Benjamin, 334. 

Nicholas, 219. 
Hartford, John, 380. 

Nicholas, 283. 
Hartwell, Joseph. 387. 
Harvey, Pike P., 387- 

Richard J., 384. 
Haughey, Peter, 157. 
Hawkins, Otis W., 157. 
Hayden. William 388. 
Hayes. Alice, 243. 

Bernice M., 265. 

Charles W. H., is7. 

Chauncey E., 334. 

Daniel, 28, 113. 

Ezra, 154. 

Ichabod, 28. 

Jacob, 384- 

John, 385- 

John S., 154, 261. 262. 

Leslie D., 265. 

Mabel L., 265. 

Margaret. 384. 

Samuel, 243, 247, 382. 

Warren C, 265. 
Hazelton. Chesley D., 389- 
Hazen, , 148. 

Lois, 148. 
Heald, James, 20. 
Heard. John, 3. 6. 
Reuben, 113. 
Tristram, 70, 227. 
Hearne, Hannah, 381. 
Henderson, Betsey, 207.. 
Mrs., 216. 
Paul, 384. 
Sarah, 395. 
Henney, Thomas. 159. 

William, 159. 
Hepworth. Cephas, 159.. 
Hewins, Otis W., 157 



INDEX OF NAMES 



419 



Hewitt, Charles E., 213. 
Hicks, Benjamin, 132. 

Eleanor, 381. 

Joseph, 16, 24, 28, 180, 182, 196, 197. 223. 

Samuel, 130. 
Higgins, Reuben, 388. 
Hill, , 242. 

Alfred H., 158. 

Benjamin, 28. 

Edward, 24, 25, 114, iis. 126. 

Eliphalet, 25. 

Elizabeth, 55, 287. 

Hannah, 149, 381. 

Henry, 20, iii, 369. 

Ira B., 243. 365, 369. 

John, 10, 39, 43, 45, 47. 48. 49. US. "S, 
171, 291, 298. 

Jonathan, 25. 

Joseph, II, 12, 48, 379- 

Nathaniel, 11, 12, 13, 20, 2S. 59. 67. 68, 69. 

70, 102, 107, 118, 128, 129, 130. 178, 
183, 191, 213, 221, 223, 341, 345. 349. 364. 
365. 

Reuben, 24, 126. 

Robert. 26, iis, 128. 

Samuel, 11, 12, 26, 55. 126, 149. I74. 

Samuel, Jr., 26. 

Sarah, 388. 

Thomas, 132. 

Valentine, 10, 20, 26, 54, 60, 62, 68, 69, 70, 

71. 72, 75, 76, 77, 78, 80, 82, 169, 170, 
174. 178, 187. 291, 340, 341. 342. 349. 
351. 364. 365. 366. 

Willey. 132. 

William, 11, 20, 28, 176, 180, 182,. 196. 
Hilliard, Emmanuel, 46. 

Timothy, 261. 

Hills, , 262. 

Hilton, Benjamin, 190. 

Colonel, 107. 

Edward, 11. 

George K.. 262. 

John, 3. 

Richard, 190. 

William, 3, 7, 67, 68, 69, 249. 
Hobart, Samuel, 125. 
Hobbs, William R., 154, 
Hodgdon, Caleb, 147. 

Israel, 28. 

Joseph, 382. 

Joseph H., 154. 

Matthew, 386. 

Moses. 385. 

R. L., 162. 

Sarah, 148. 

Stephen, 148. 
Hoitt, Alfred, 312, 313. 32s. 349. 365- 

Alfred D., 332. 

Charles E., 262, 325, 326, 349. 36s. 368. 369. 

George, 159. 



Hoitt, George G., 243. 369. 

Ira G., 262. 

Jeremiah B., 389. 

Joseph, 260. 

Mary E., 387. 
Holland, Elizabeth, 386. 
HoUwell, Henry, 11, 41, 43, 
Holt, Daniel, 206, 260. 

Elizabeth, 207, 260. 

Enoch, 152. 

Henry, 260. 

Stephen, 260. 
Hooper, George, 384. 

William, 203, 385. 
Hosmer. Ann M., 387. 
Houatson (see Watson). 
Howells, Rice, 10, 40, 46, 47. 

Hubbard. , 85, 86. 

Huckins, or Huggins , 286. 

Hannah, 192. 

James, 11, 12, 58, 66, 67. 87, 171. i93. 196, 
197. 225, 353- 

John, 16, 26, 28, 113, 193, 196, 197. 

Joseph, 24, 26. 

Joseph, Jr., 26. 

Mrs., 87. 

Nathaniel, 1 14. 

Rachel, 54- 

Robert, 6, 20, 28, 87, 100, 102, 174, 178, 
197, 229, 242, 246. 

Thomas, 24, 26. 

Thomas, Jr., 26. 

William, 38, 197. 
Hucklie, William, ir. 
Hudson, Goodman, 76. 

John, 60, 80. 

Mary, 80. 

William. 34. 
Hull, Benjamin, 11. 

Cyrus G., 154. 363. 365. 389. 

Fannie, 107. 

George, 150, 151. 152, 362, 364. 367. 

John, 129, 132. 

Joseph. 170. 

Lucy A., 107. 

Mary, 107, 386. 

Richard, 115, 126. 

Sarah, 382, 396. 
Humphrey, Thomas, 10, 43, 45, 46, 77. 
Hunt, Bartholomew, 6. 

Christopher, 392. 

Pierson, 392. 

Thomas, 126. 
Huntress, James, 387. 

Mary. 379- 
Hurd, Xahum, 390. 
Hussey, Elizabeth, a6o. 

Malcnda, 386. 

Timothy, 242. 
Hutchins, Jeremiah, 126. 



420 



INDEX OF NAMES 



Hutchins, Samuel, 126, 200. 
Thomas, Jr., 126. 

Ingalls, Charles, 264. 

Eliza, 207, 289, 38p. 

Harriet, 288. 

Jedediah, 206, 280, 288, 34s. 
Irwin (see Erwin). 

Jackman, Charles, 154. 
Jackson, , 241, 349. 

Alvin, 334. 

Andrew, 151. 

Ann, 99, 102. 

Benjamin, 26, 126, 159. 

Bennan, 126. 

C. Loyd, 349- 

Charlotte, 385- 

Eliza, 388. 

Elizabeth, 80. 

Enoch, 128, 130, 373. 

Hannah, 28, 97. 

James, 10, 16, 28, 80, 174, 178, 196, 197, 376. 

James, Jr., 28, 187. 

Jane, 80. 

John, 156. 

Joseph, 24, 28, IIS, 196, 197. 

Laskey, 373- 

Lemuel, 128, 130. 

Martha, 386. 

Mary, 207. 

Mrs., 102. 

Patience, 26. 

Robert, 39s. 

Samuel, 20, 24, 126, 395. 

Thomas, 385. 

Thompson, 386. 

Walter, 10, 65, 66, 80, 82, 97, 99, 171. 

William, 14, 20, 28, 102, 103, 107, 130, 174, 
178, 229. 

William W., 216. 
Jacobs, Daniel, 28. 

Daniel, Jr., 28. 
James, Joseph A., 390. 

Thomas, 152. 
Jameson, Patrick, 10, 68, 69, 80, 171, 219. 
Jefferson, Thomas, 331. 
Jeffrey, George, 83. 
Jenkins, Ann, 91, 92. 

Anna M., 349. 

Benjamin, iii. 

Caroline, 260. 

Catherine, 383. 

Elizabeth, 396. 

Ephraim, 368. 

Evelyn, 332. 

Fred £.,341- 

Jabez, 91. 

John, 20, s6, no. 

John, Jr., 392. 



Jenkins, Joseph, 14, 64, 176, 180, 182, 195, 
223, 229, 387- 

Joseph, Jr., 223. 

Keziah, 148. 

Nathaniel, 124, 132, 373. 

Rebecca, 56. 

Reynolds, 81. 

Robert, 10, 66. 

Sarah, 167. 

Sarah A., 388. 

Silas, 160, 167, 349. 

Stephen, 20, 52, 55, 56, 91, 92, 102, 150, 
180, 182, 227. 

Stephen, Jr., 125. 

William, 20, 28, in, 125, 367. 

William, Jr., 125. 
Jenness, Charles B., 159. 

Elizabeth, 384. 

Solomon, 385, 386. 

Stephen, 384. 
Jewell, Bradbury, 201, 203, 373. 

Mark, 26. 
Jewett, Noah, 201, 203, 241, 373. 
Johnson, Abraham, 28. 

Andrew, 132. 

Benjamin, 124. 

David, 26. 

Dorothy, 391. 

Gideon, 391. 

Hannah, 392. 

John, 124, 125, 132, 379- 392. 393. 

John, Jr., 392. 

Johnson, 392. 

Joseph, 393. 

Josiah, 24, 391, 393. 

Mary, 393. 

Nathan, 393. 

Phebe, 392. 

Sarah, 381. 

Stephen, 176. 

Supply, 151. 

Thomas, 10, 26, 46, 47, 64, 66, 113. 

William, ri, 26, 58. 
Jones, Abigail, 26. 

Anthony, 28, 197. 

Benjamin, 16, 26, 28, 126. 

Benjamin, Jr., 126. 

Charles O., 154. 

Charles P., 157. 

Ebenezer, 20, 22, 26, 126. 

Ebenezer, Jr., 24, 26, 126. 

Eliza A., 166. 

George, 126. 

Harriet D., 65. 

John, 16, 20, 126. 

John P., 152. 

John Paul, 147. 

Joseph, 14, IS, 16, 20, 126, 174, 178, 239, 

230, 232, 36s. 
Jones, Joseph, Jr., 16, 18. 



INDEX OF NAMES 



421 



Jones, Marianna, 166. 

Matthias, 126. 

Meribah, 387. 

Orrin, 166. 

Richard, 26, 28. 

Robert, 373- 

Robinson, 260. 

Samuel, 115, 166. 

Samuel J., 157, 160, 166. 

Stephen, 11, 12, 13, 14, 16, 18, 20, 22, 26, 
64, 65, 69, 98, 99, 100, 103, 107, 118, 
128, 171, 172. 174. 178, 183, 189, 223, 
240, 249, 361, 364, 36s. 373- 

Stephen, Jr., 20, 198. 

Thomas, 113, 204, 367. 

William, 6, 11, 157, 367. 

William F., 154, 364. 
Jordan. Margaret, 381. 
Joy, , 243. 

Abigail, 207. 

Charles, 154. 

Ebenezer, 152. 

Jacob, 130. 

James, 206, 282, 348, 367. 

James F., 282, 283, 348. 

Maria, 383. 

Robert H., 387 

Samuel, iii, 130, 203, 213, 233, 244, 373- 

Sarah, 282. 
Junkins, Alexander, 81. 

Catherine, 81. 

Daniel, 81. 

Eleanor, 81. 

Robert, 81. 

Sarah, 81. 

Keating, Elizabeth, 396. 

Keith, James, 184. 

Kelly, Benjamin, 362, 363, 364, 367. 

Elizabeth, 387. 

John, 20. 

John I., 2S3- 

John L., 153. 

Joseph, 389. 

Lydia, 215. 

Mary E., 262. 

Patrick, 157. 
Kelsey, George, 392. 

Hiram, 261. > 

Hugh, 392. 

Jean, 392. 

Margaret, 39a. 

Mar>', 379. 

William, 392. 
Kelton, George F., 262. 
Kemble, Thomas, 71, 75, 
Keniston or Kenniston. 

David, 129, 132. 

Eleanor, 380. 

George O., 154. iS7. 



Keniston, Hannah, 379. 

John, 126, 260. 

Josiah, 126, 132. 

Lewis, 124. 

Louisa A., 386. 

Lucia A., 260. 

Martha, 144. 

Mary, 260, 379. 

Nathan, 151, 216, 260, 396. 
Kennedy, Michael, 157. 
Kenning, Moses, 20. 
Kent, Charles A., 157. 

Ebenezer, 38, 132, 154, 24s, 368. 

Elmer, 308. 

George W., 154. 

Hannah, 97. 

James M., 154. 

John, 20, 108, no, 180, 182, 187, 233. 

John, Jr., no, 187. 

Joseph, II, 13, 20, 38, 48, 96, 176, 180. i8a, 

381. 

Lydia, 374- 

Mary F., 262. 

Oliver, 10, 38, 245. 

Richard, 40, 216, 373. 

Robert, 20, no, 132, 180, 182. 
Keyes, Philander, 158 
Kidd, James, 79, 81. 
Kidder, Nathaniel, 147. 

Samuel, 241. 
Kief, Thomas, 382. 
Kimball, Thomas, 71. 
Kincaid, David, 72, 83, 104, 113, 174, 223, 230. 

Napthali, 20, 174, 180. 
Kingman, Bela, 45. 

John W., 154, 157, 282. 
Knight, Cara W., 213. 

Fred T., 213. 

George, 387. 

John, 373, 386. 

Joseph, 384. 

Richard, 51. 

Samuel, 395. 
KnoUys, Hansard, 6, 169. 
Knowles, Hansard, 6. 
Knowlton, John, 381. 
Korest, Christopher, 20. 
Kye, Abigail, 81. 

James, 81. 

John, 8r. 

John, Jr., 81. 

Sarah, 81. 

Ladbrook Thomas, 34. 
Ladd, Elias, 26. 
Ladderbush, Lester, 244. 
Lafayette, General, 278. 
Lahan, Richard, 6. 
Lahom, Henry, 6. 
Laighton (see Leighton). 



422 



INDEX OF NAMES 



Lakin, Daniel, 152. 

David, 260. 
Lamos, Lomas or Lummocks. 

Deliverance, 104. 

Elizabeth, 104. 

James, 28, iii. 

Moses, 390. 

Nathaniel, 11, 12, 28, 64, 104, 172, 227, 233. 

Polly, 386. 

Samuel, 127, 152, 384. 
Lamprey, Maurice, 262. 
Lancaster, Edward M., 154, 261, 262. 
Landeau, Charles, 11. 
Lane, Edmund J., 261. 

Hannah, 45. 

John, 45. 
Langdon, John, 118. 
Langley, Abigail, 260. 

Alfred, 260. 

Andrew, 260. 

Betsey, 381. 

Charles F., 154. 

Charles S., 328, 365- 

David, 132. 

Deborah, 260. 

Edward I., 48. 

Elizabeth, 381. 

George E., iS7, 165- 

Oilman, 260. 

Hannah, 149. 

James, 20, 52, 176, 180, 184, 213, 228, 245, 
260, 362, 364, 367. 

Jeremiah, 48, 95, IS4. 24s. 3i7, 318, 363. 
36s, 368, 369. 

Job, III. 

John, no, III, 233, 241, 260. 377- 

John E., 154. 

John F., 153, I57. 

John, Jr., 26. 

Jonathan, 114. 

Joseph, 113, 151, 374. 

Martha, 260. 

Mary, 24s. 

Mary A., 260. 

Moses, 260. 

Moses B., 154, i57- 

Samuel, 24, 26, 126, IS4. 204, 367. 

Sarah, 260, 381. 

Sophronia, 260. 

Thomas, 20, no, 126, 230, 260. 

Thomas, Jr., 48. 

Warren, 384. 

William D., 154, IS7. 

Valentine, 374. 
Langmaid, Betsey, 384. 

Charles A., ISS- 

Jacob H., 155. 

Minot. 386. 

Samuel, 26, 126, 385- 

Susan, 384. 



Langmaid, William B., ISS. 368. 
Langstaflf, Henry, 6. 
Lapish, Benjamin U., 332. 

Comfort, 216. 

Robert, 130, 203, 215, 241, 246, 252, 345, 
366, 374- 

Robert, Jr., 374- 

William, 113. 
Larkham, Thomas, 3, 6, 33, 35, 169. 
Laskey, John, 21, 26, no. 

William, 127. 
Layn, John, 22, 126, 132, 146, 341, 345- 
Leader, Richard, 75. 
Leary, James, 20. 
Leathers, , 240, 349. 

Abednego, 20, 26, iis. 190, 200, 349.. 374- 

Abel, 113, 196. 

Benjamin, 28, 197, 374. 

Ebenezer, 24, 26. 

Edward, 11, 13, 14, 20, 26, 66, 67, 96, 98, 
102, 113, 126, 132, 171, 178. 

Edward, Jr., 26. 

Enoch, 132. 

Ezekiel, 20, 26, 166, 246, 260, 376. 

John, 124, 126, 132, 382. 

Jonathan, 26, 132, 386. 

Joseph, r66. 

Micajah, 384. 

Rebecca, 166. 

Robert, 26, 123, 132, 374. 

Robert, Jr., 204. 

Samuel, 374. 

Stephen, 26, 114. 

Thomas, 16, 21, 26, 28, in, 114, ns. 132. 

William, 20, 68, 102, 174, 178. 
Lee, Daniel, 212. 

Hannah, 335, 
Lees, Thomas, 157. 
Legg, Jeremiah O.. I57- 
Leighton, Laighton, Layton. 

Abigail, 216. 

Ann, 148. 

Edmond E., 389. 

Gideon, 28, 114. 

Hannah, 28, 390. 

Hatevil. 125. 

Isaac, 28. 

James, 123, 130, 132. i47, 203, 216, 241, 
246, 346, 366, 374- 

John, 28, 113, 132. 

Joseph, 124, I2S- 

Martha, 206. 

Rebecca, 166. 

Samuel, 28. 

Sarah, 148. 

Susan, 207. 

Thomas, 3, 6, 10, 62, 64, 223. 

Tobias, 123, 132, 147, 374- 

Valentine, 132, 148. 
Leverich, William, 3, 169. 



INDEX OF NAMES 



423 



Le Vigne Clara, 211. 
Libbey, Abigail, 379. 

Ephraim, 48. 

George, 151. 

Harriet, 207. 

Harriet C, 388. 

John, 374, 396. 

Joseph, 28, IIS, 197. 

Samuel, 386. 
Limber, Thomas, 384. 
Lindsey, James, 379. 
Little, Hugh, 379. 

Janet, 280. 
Littlefield, Elizabeth, 78. 
Livermore, Edward S., 279. 

Samuel, I3S- 
Livius, Peter, 233. 
Lock, Eliza, 388. 
Long, George W., iss. IS7. 

James H., 155, 157. 

James W., 155. 

John, 155. 

Luke, 159. 

Michael, 158. 

Nicholas, 157, 158. 

Perry, 157. 

Pierce, 147, 148. 

Samuel T.. 158. 
Lord, Maria, 383. 

William, no, 187. 
Lovering, Johnson, 386. 

True W., 160. 
Lucas, James, 155. 
Ludecas, Mrs., 82. 
Lyntard, David, 178. 

Macc^boy, James, 157. 
Mackdonel (see McDaniel). 
Magoon, Angeline, 389. 

Henry, 82. 
Mallin, Matthew, 132. 
Mallory, James, 28. 

John, 28. 

John, Jr., 28. 
Maloy, Dennis, 157. 
Maltin, John, 157. 
Mann, David, 152. 
March, Captain, 92. 

Clement, 115. 
Marden, Bartholomew, us, 243. 
Marsh, Hannah, 383. 

Henry, 14, 97, no, in. 

Hezekiah, 20, 187. 

Samuel, 382. 
Marshall, John, 2S9. 

William, 388. 
Marston, DaNdd, 383. 

Edward A., 304, 369. 

Levi, 377. 

Rebecca, 384. 



Msirston, Winthrop A, 278. 
Martin, Archelaus, 2S2, 386. 

Daniel, 132, 252, 387. 

John, 10, 31, 32, 33. 

Robert, 382. 

Sidon, 382. 
Mason, Edward, 132. 

Isaac, 20, III, 187. 

John, 2, 3, 8, II, 12, 20, 33, 44, SI, 56, III, 
187, 190. 

Lemuel B., 149. 

Mary, 150. 

Peter, 12, 20, 57, 90, in, 174, 178, 223, 341. 

Robert, 149. 

Sarah, 57, iso. 

Susanna, 149. 
Mather, Cotton, 88, 94, 184. 

Increase, 184. 
Mathes, , 24s. 

Abraham, no, 113, 180, 182, 364, 367. 

Asa, 160. 

Benjamin, ir, 13, 37, 38, 57, 58, 67, 68; 69, 
91, 97, 108, no, 113, 171. 176, 180, 182, 
198, 349, 362, 364, 366, 374, 

Benjamin, Jr., 206, 216. 

Bumham, isS- 

Caroline, 260. 

Charles, E. P., 265. 

Charles H., 41. 

Clark, 153, 243. 

Daniel, 159. 216, 239, 253, 349, 362, 364, 
367. 

Elizabeth, 216. 

Francis, 3, 5, 14, 17, 18, 20, 36, 37, 33, 41, 
44. 47, SO, 31. 63, 67, 68, 94,' 97, 107, 108, 
118, 173. 176, 180, 182, 185, 186, 187, 214, 
228. 232, 234, 293. 361, 363. 364. 365. 

Francis, Jr., 20, 176, 182. 

George, 242. 

George P., 264. 

Gershom, 113. 

Gideon, 24, 26, 113, 126, 132. 

Hamilton A., 133, 299. 300, 327. 363. 363. 
368. 

Hannah, 200. 

Henry, 160. 

Jacob, 364, 368. 

James M., 263. 

John, 173. 299, 368. 

John A.. 133. 

John H., 133. 

John M., 133. 

John R., 265. 

Mark H., 133, 312, 363, 368. 

Pamelia, 299. 

Phebe, 200. 

Robert, 239, 364, 367. 

Robert P., 159, 216. 

Roy W., 263. 

Samuel, 126, 132. 



424 



INDEX OF NAMES 



Mathes, Sarah, 216. 

Susan, 216. 

Thomas, B., 216. 

Thomasine, 9. 38, SL 68. 

Valentine, 56, no, in. 118, 128, 129, 200, 
201, 203, 213, 233. 326, 327. 333. 361, 362, 
363. 374- 

Valentine, Jr.. 115, 

Walter, 171. 

Washington, 50, 94, 367. 
Matthews (see Mathes). 
Maud, Daniel, 169, 257. 
McCoy, John, 26. 
McCutchins, Abigail, 391. 

Cunningham, 391. 

Elizabeth, 379. 

Federis, 391, 392. 

Jean, 392. 
McDaniel (see Daniel, 78). 

Agnes, 392. 

Alexander, 11. 82. 

Andrew D., 243, 364- 

Eleanor, 393. 

James, 132. 

Jasper R., 334. 363. 

John. 242, 243, 349. 368. 

Margaret, 391. 

Mary. 393. 

Mary P.. 386. 

Nehemiah. 391, 392, 393. 

Randall, 20. 

Robert, 20, 393. 

William, 393. 
McDermott, F. C, 157. 
McDonald, Donald, 381. 

John, 157. 
McDonnell, John, 157. 
McDuffee, James, 384. 

William, 147. 
McHame, Daniel, 196. 
Mclntire, Micum, 78. 82. 
McKone, Peter, 155. 
McNeal. Joan, 384. 

Mary, 385. 
McWilliams, Thomas, 1S7- 
Meader, , 239, 243. 

Clark. 245. 

Daniel. 20, 28. 

Isaac, 374- 

James, 42. 

James D,. 245. 

John, 10, 12, 13, 20, 50. 60, 62, 69. 171. 176, 
180, 216, 233. 

John, Jr., II, 14, 176. 

Joseph. 13, 14, 20, 24. 28, 69, 100, 102, 103, 
127, 176, 180. 227. 

Joseph, Jr., 180. 

Mary, 382. 

Moses, 112, 124, I2S, 132. 

Nathaniel, 18, 20, 26, 53. 103. no, 232. 



Meader, Nicholas, 20, 126. 132. 176, 180, 223. 

Robert, 239. 

Samuel, 20, in, 140. 

Sarah, 51. 

Stephen, 155, 368. 

Timothy, 118, 128, 215. 
Meder, (see Meader). 
Mellen, Calvert K., 261, 265. 

Henry B., 157, 158, 276. 
Mendell, George H., 373. 

Mary B., 373. 
Mendum, John, 126, 158, 165. 
Meret (see DeMeritt). 
Merrill, Dolly, 167. 
Merrow, Henry, 84, 286. 

James, 84. 

Jane, 286. 

Samuel, 84, 286. 
Meserve, Abigail, 316. 

Andrew E., 87, 368. 

Charles R., 389. 

Clement, 115. 

Clement, Jr., 115. 

Daniel, 28, 176, 180, 182, 223, 225. 

Daniel, Jr.. 28, 115. 

Deborah, 146. 

Ebenezer, 115, 130, 374. 

Eliza, 207. 

John, 28. 

Jonathan, 115. 

Joseph, 28. 

Nancy, 389. 

Sarah C, 383. 

Smith, 316. 

Timothy, 203, 374. 

Winthrop S., 67, ISS. 213, 230, 238, 246, 
262, 316, 345. 363. 368. 
Messervey. (see Meserve). 
Mickmore, John, n. 
Middleton, James, 10. 46. 82, 83. 
Mighell, Bethula. 68. 

John, 57. S8, 59. 341- 
Miles, John, 58. 

William, 379. 
Miller, Joseph, 33. 

Samuel, iir, 144. 
Mills, Joseph, 278. 

Maria, 396. 

Sarah, 278. 

William, 20. 
Mitchell, Benjamin, 278. 

Charles H., 377. 

John, 133. 

Martha, 278. 

Stephen, 261, 278, 281, 349. 
Moe, John, 379. 
Mondro, Peter. 20. 
Moody, John, 194. 

Joshua, 12. 
Mooney, , 244. 



INDEX OF NAMES 



425 



Mooney, Benjamin, 133, 143. 

Hercules, 22, 24, 133, I43. 148, iSO, 196, 
244, 257, 366. 

Jeremiah, 203, 367. 

John, 133, 143, 363. 367. 
Moore, John, 20, no. 

William J., 157. 
Moring, Andrew D., 15s, 157. 
Morrey, James, 83. 

Morrill, , 99. 

Morris, Thomas, 11, 33, 35, 36, 97- 
Morrison, James, 379, 392. 

James, Jr., 392. 

Joel, 383. 
Morse, , 243. 

Mehitable, 207. 

Nancy, 382. 
Moses, Howard, 308. 

Timothy, i6, 28, lis, 126, 178, 196, i97- 
Mosher, Hannah F., 390. 

Samuel E., 216. 
Morton, Charles, 157. 
Mounsell, Thomas, 32. 
Muckmore, John, 11. 
Munsey, David, 24, 28, 127. 

John, 20, 178, 243. 

Jonathan, 232. 

Timothy, 126, 133. 
Munroe. John, 374, 
Murdock, Frances J., 279 

Thomas J., 279. 
Murkland, Charles S., 267, 271. 349. 
Murphy, Oliver, 387. 
Murray, James, 83. 

Timothy, 234. 

Nanny, Robert, 6. 
Narving, Robert, 66. 
Nason, Jonathan, 81. 

Mark F., 390. 

Sarah, 81. 
Neal, John, 123, 133, 382. 

Joshua, 374- 
Neally, Benjamin F., 388. 
Needham, Nicholas, 35. 
Nelson, James, 379. 
Nesbitt, Arthur F., 213. 
Noble, John, 133. 

Moses, 362, 363, 

Olive, 380. 

Stephen, 125, 133, 377. 

Thomas, 24, 26, 126. 
Nock, Anna, 380. 

Elizabeth, 230. 

Henry, 14. 

James, 83, 94, 105, 108, 174. 178, 184, 213, 
230. 

Patience, 379- 

Sarah, 83. 
Norton, John, 133. 



Norton, Nathaniel, 22, 118, 213, 233, 259, 366. 

Thomas, 133. 
Nudd, Eliza N., 385. 

James, 260. 

Stephen, 260. 
Nudder, Joseph, 182. 
Nute, Albert M., 155. 

Andrew, 151. 

Augustus P., 155. 

Daniel, 123. 

Greenleaf, 363. 368. 

Isaac, 388. 

James, 3, 6. 

Marietta, 390. 

Moses, 384. 

Tamsen, 148. 
Nutter, Christopher, 374. 

Hatevil, 3, 10, 31. 

Lemuel, 124, 374. 

Matthias, 374, 381. 

Samuel, 130, 396. 

Sarah, 150, 396. 

Sarah A., 388. 

Stephen H., 386. 

Tamsen, 382. 

William, 381. 

• 

Odell, Albert, ISS- 

Caroline E., 390. 

Jacob, 152, 345. 362, 367. 

John, 206. 

Sarah, 261. 

William A., 264. 
Odiome, , 240. 

Avis, 2 IS. 

Hetty, 339- 

John H., ISS. 389- 

William, 26, 215. 
Onderdonk, Mrs. Shirley, 269, 343. 
Ore, James, 10, 60, 76. 77. 78. 
Osborn, John, 200. 
Otis, Albert, N. 265. 

Richard, 169, 172. 

Roscoe, 244. 

Stephen, 28. 

Stephen, Jr., 28. 

Packer, Captain, 95. 
Page, Joseph, 390, 396. 

Joseph, W. 332, 362, 367. 383. 

Mary A., 332, 386. 

Robert, 207. 
Palmer, Asa D., 157, 166. 

Ezekiel, 157, 166. 

George B., 241. 

George W., 157. 166. 

Henry S., 157, 166. 

James B., 155. 

Joseph, 380. 

Joseph, 2d, IS7, 166. 



426 



INDEX OF NAMES 



Palmer, Timothy, 237. 

William, 385. 
Parker, Mary A., 2H. 

Riley H.. 157, 160. 

Robert, 126. 
Parks, Charles, 206, 260. 

Charles H., 386. 

Frederick, 260. 

George L., 397. 

Jane, 207, 260. 

John, 206, 395. 397. 

Mary L., 395. 

Sarah, 260. 

Timothy, 260. 
Parsons, Anne, 144. 

Captain, 144. 

Charles L., 122, 334, 349. 

Ebenezer, 216. 

Ezra, 244. 

Hannah J., 390. 

John, 377. 

Mary B., 389. 

Moses, 278. 

Sarah, 216. 

William, 259. 
Patrick, Betsey, 397- 
Patten, Joseph, 384. . 

Patterson, Edward, 10, 60, 76, 83. 
Paul, Abigail, 382. 

Alfred, 155, 260. 

Caroline, 260. 

Charles H., 155. 

Howard, 260, 341. 

James, 167, 260, 341. 

Mary, 260. 

Sarah, 167. 

Stephen, 151, 155, 260. 

Susan, 260. 

Temperance A., 260. 

William E., 157, 167. 
Pearce, Ann, 77. 

Elizabeth B., 390. 

John, 77. 

Mary, 384. 
Pearl, John, 190. 
Pearley, Sarah, 382, 
Peasley, Jane, 99, 102. 
Peavey, Hudson, 80. 
Peckham, George F., 390, 
Pegg, Black, 252. 
Pender, Benjamin, no. 
Pendergast, , 244. 

Dennis, 374. 

Edmund, 201, 374. 

Edward, 114, 133. 

George P., 157. 164. 

Hannah, 216. 

James, 152. 

John, 374- 

Nathaniel K., 395. 



Pendergast, Stephen, 233, 356. 

Timothy, 151. 
Pendexter, Edward, 243. 

Thomas, 374. 
Pepperrell, Mary, 294. 

William, iii, 342. 
Perkins, Abraham, 206, 213, 241, 253, 345, 
348, 367. 

Edward V., 386. 

Elizabeth, 41. 

Joseph, 16, 108. 

Marcellus, 155. 

Samuel, 16, 20, 174. 

Thomas H., 155. 

Timothy, 197. 

William, 11, 12, 41, 171, 180, 374, 388. 
Perkinson, William, 11, 12, 13, 171. 
Perry, Abraham, 133. 

John, 113. 

Matthew, 20. 
Pettee, Alvena, 265. 

Charles H., 213, 273, 274. 

Horace J., 265. 

Sarah E., 265. 
Peve, Abel, 20. 
Philbrick, Charles W., 157. 

Edgar E., 389. 

Fred, 369. 

Rufus, 390. 

Walter, 26. 
Phillips, Benaiah, 397. 

John, 6. 

Wendell, 255. 
Phinney, Edmund, 287. 

Phipps, , loi. 

Pickering, Calvin, 148, 386. 

Elizabeth, 387. 

Hannah A., 389. 

Harriet, 207, 385. 

John, 12. 

Lois, 148. 

Mary, 205. 

Mary S., 389. 

Rebecca, 207. 

Samuel, 245. 

Sarah, 282. 

Simeon, 24s, 396. 

Thomas, 118. 
Pierce, Franklin, 332. 
Pike, , 86, 102. 

James, 288. 

John, 36, 87, 88, 89, 103, 287. 

John G., 262, 288. 

Nathaniel, 2S8. 
Pillin, John, Si, 54. S5. 
Pillsbury, Parker, 255. 
Pinder (Pender and Pinner). 

Benjamin, 20, 108, no, 133, 176, 180, 182, 
187. 

Benjamin, Jr., 187. 



INDEX OF NAMES 



427 



Pinder, Jeremiah, no, 133, 374. 

John, II, 14, 20, 35, 36, 97, 176, 180, 182. 

Thomas, 374. 

William, 374. 
Pinkham, Abijah, 24, 54, 133, 245, 374. 

Alfred, 260. 

Alphonso, 153, 157, 166. 

Amos, 28, 176, 227. 

Bsdlard, 349. 

Caroline, 260. 

Clarissa, 384. 

Daniel, 124, 151, 260. 

Eliza, 260. 

Fannie, 260. 

Friend, 240. 

Isaac, 133. 

James, 28. 

John, 152. 

John H., 157. 

Joshua, 157, 160, 166. 

Mary A., 385. 

Moses, 28. 

Nicholas, 387. 

Paul. 28, 133. 

Rachel, 54. 

Richard, 3, 6, 169, 386. 

Richard, Jr., 28. 

Samuel, 28. 

Sarah. 260. 

Solomon, 20, 28. 

Stephen, 28, 196, 260. ' 

Thomas, 128. 133, 203. 241, 280, 34S, 374. 

Ursula. 287. 

William, 260. 
Piper, Colonel, 149, 150. 
Pitman, , 14, 244. 

Abigail. 382. 

Connor, 28. 

Deliverance, 100. 

Derry, 16, 196, 341. 

Ezekiel, 11, 56, 57, 90, 102. 

Francis, 11, 13, 14, 51, 52, 174. 

George, 374- 

Gideon C, 216. 

John, 13, 20, 1X0. 

Joseph, 103, 126, 382. 

Joshua M., 262. 

Nathaniel, 100. 

Samuel, 24, 99. 

Sarah, 99. 

Thomas, 228. . 

William, 10, 13, SL S6, 57. 58, 59. 108, 171, 
176, 180, 223. 

Zachariah, 28, 196, 197. 
Polluck, John. 133. 

Thomas. 124. 
Pomfret, William, 3, 6, 9, 64. 
Pomrey, Edward, 223. 
Poor, Enoch, 123. 

Thomas, 149. 



Pope, Barnard. 171. 
Porter, Augustus B.. 284. 
Pray, Thomas T. W., 262. 
Prescott, Benjamin, 157, 385. 

John H., 383. 
Presson, Harvey, 151. 

James, 260. 
Priest, Quick, 26. 
Prince. George, 383. 

Joseph, 191, 192. 
Putnam, John, 126. 
Putney, Joseph, 385. 

Quimby, John, 37. 

Quint, Alonzo, 125, 169, 173. 

Mary J., 389. 

Samuel, 384. 

Stephen, 383. 

Raines, Thomas, 182. 

William, 20, 108, 182. 
Rand, David, 123, 133, 151. 

Francis, 44. 

John, II, 16, 43, 44, 45, 95, 96, 102, 103, 
108, 133, 176, 180, 182. 

John, Jr., 44, 176. 

Miles, 366. 

Nathaniel, 44, 365. 

Preston, Jr., 261. 

Remembrance, 44, 95, 96, 102. 

Samuel, 96. 

Stephen, 155, 368. 
Randall, Betsey, 384. 

Charles D., 158. 

Ebenezer, 24, 26, 126. 

Elizabeth, 216. 

Hezekiah. 115. 

Israel, 24. 

John, 20, 26, no. 

Jonathan, 26, 114. 

Joseph, 114, 124, 130. 133. 

Mary, 26. 

Mason, 24, 26, 115. 

Miles, 20. 24. 26. 126, 233. 

Miss, 105. 

Nathaniel, 24, 182, 198, 223, 251. 

Samuel, 113. 

Simon, 28, 126. 

William, 20, 24, 26, no, 113, 171, 190. 

William, Jr., 115. 
Ransom, Alonzo, 155, 332. 

Eleanor, 320. 

Eliza B., 320. 

George W., 261, 264, 329, 330. 

Reuben M., 155, 240. 

Ruth, 320. 
Rasle, Sebastian, 108, 264, 329, 330. 
Redford, William, 102. 
Reid, Colonel, 148. 
Remich, John, 16. 



428 



INDEX OF NAMES 



Remiss, John, i6. 
Renely, William, 24. 
Revere, Paul, 118. 
Reyner, John, 3. 
Reynolds (see Runnels). 

Abraham, 133. 

Charles W., IS7> IS8, IS9- 

Job, 174- 

Stephen, 216. 
Rial, Teague, 11. 
Rice, Alexander, 279. 

Marcia A., 279. 

Sarah, 279. 
Richards, Bartholomew, 133, 374. 
Richardson, Augustus, 389. 

Frances, 279. 

Frances J., 279. 

George F., 159. 

Humphrey, 395- 

John A., 279, 298, 342. 362, 363, 366, 367- 

Joseph, ISO, 201, 203. 241, 253, 279, 342. 

374- 

Lysander, 158, 159. 

Marcia A., 279. 

Miss, 262. 

Sarah, 207, 279, 386. 

Susanna, 387. 
Rlcker, Joseph, 138. 

Phebe C, 385- 

Rebecca, 387. 

Sophia, 387. 
Riley, Betsey, 387. 
Rines, Henry, 176, 182, 

Hulda, 379. 

Joseph, 196. 

Rachel, 380. 

Thomas, 26, 108, 176, 180, 182. 
Ring, John, 115. 
Roberts, Abigail, 396. 

Alonzo, 383. 

Blake, ISS-. 

Grace, 360. 

James, 290. 

John, 28, 196, 197. 

John A., 157. 

John, Jr., IIS. 

Joseph, 28, 194. 

Samuel, 28. 

Thomas, 2, 4, 6, 31, 35- 

William, 10, S2, s6, 57. 60, 83, 85, 169. 

William, Jr., 85. 
Robie, Henry, 12. 
Robinson, David, 38s. 

Levi, 380. 

Mary, 78. 

Nicholas, 381. 

Stephen, 11, 13. 

William, 388. 
Rogers, Arthur, 279. 
Betsey, 381. 



Rogers, Daniel, 59. 114. 128, 133, 189, 198, 

231. 341' 

John, 157. 

Robert, 279. 
Rollins, Bethiah, 380. 

Edward, 41, 245. 

Ichabod, 104. 

James, 6. 

John, 20, 34, 174, 178. 

Sarah, 376. 

Thomas, 26. 
Rooks, Richard, 20. 
Root, David, 253. 
Rose, Roger, 11, 34. 
Rowe, John, 196. 

Hezekiah, 385. 

Lazarus, 379. 
Rowell, Captain, 148. 
Roy, John, 79, 82. 
Royall, Teague, 11, 171. 
Runlett, Abigail P., 387. 

Charles, 127, 392. 

Daniel, 392. 

Eugene P., 265. 

Harold, M., 265. 

Samuel, 216, 241, 2S9. 363. 368. 
Runnels (or Reynolds). 

Abraham, 26, iii, 133. 

Enoch, 124, 126, 133. 

Israel, 133- 

Job, 18, 20, 24, 26, 127, 223. 

Job, Jr., 26, 44, 127, 174, 178, 198. 

John, 20, no, 174, 178. 

Jonathan, 24, 26, 127. 

Moses, 127, 133. 

Samuel, 125, 133, 150. 

Solomon, 125, 133. 

Stephen, 133, 216. 

William, 26. 
Ryan, James, 133. 

Joseph, 197. 

Michael, 133. 374- 

Patrick, 157, 159- 
Rynes, Thomas, 108. 

Sanborn, Anna, 380. 

Frank, B. 11. 

John, 24, 127, 379. 

Josiah, 383. 

Mrs. M. A., 90. 
Sanders, Calvin, 363, 368. 

John B., 152, iss, 162. 
Sant, John, 385. 
Saimders, George, 157. 
Savage, Henry F., 155. 

Mary E., 389. 

Samuel, 151. 

Sarah, 396. 

Sylvester, 155. 
Savory, George P., 385. 



INDEX OF NAMES 



429 



Savory, Nancy A., 385. 
Sawyer, Abigail, 388. 

Gorham H., 334. 

Mary J., 290. 

Samuel, 124, 133. 
Sayer, Samuel, 124. 
Seyward, Henry, 77. 
Scales, Edward, 24, 26, 127, 133, 149, 157, 

Hannah, 149. 

John, 360. 
Scammell, Alexander, 116, 118, 122, 133 , 138, 

140, 141, 143, 144. 
Scott, Charles F., 265. 

Edward, 157. 

John H., 244. 
Scriggins, Lucy A., 386. 

Winthrop, 397. 
Seabrook, Mary, 45. 

Thomas, 45. 
Seaver, Asa, 382. 
Seavey, Anna, 384. 

Senter, , 193. 

Sewell, Oliver D., 211. 
Shackford, Nancy, 387. 

S. H., 47, 57, 67, 172. 
Sharp, Abigail, 376. 
Shaw, Charles S., 389. 

Daniel, 125, 127, 133, 391. 

Elijah, 216. 

John, 24, 26, 391. 392. 

John, Jr., 24. 

John S., 362, 368. 

Joseph, 391. 

Margaret, 389. 

Samuel, 391. 

Susanna, 392. 

Thomas, 124. 
Sheafe, Jacob. 252. 
Sheffield, William, 62. 
Shepard or Shepherd. 

Elizabeth, 287. 

Ephraim, 127. 

Harriet P., 386. 

Jacob, 1 55, 216. 

Jerusha, 379. 

John, 125, 157. 

Margaret, 287. 

Samuel, 287. 

Samuel, Jr., 287. .> 

Ursula, 287. 

William, 21, 1 10, 381. 
Sherburne, Eliza, 383. 

Henry, 57. 

John, 384, 387- 

Mary A., 386. 

Samuel, 86, 386. 
Sherman, Edward, 389. 
Shirley, Governor, 112. 
Short, Matthew, 180. 
Shute, Andrew B., 384. 



Shute, Samuel, 109, 172. 
Sias, Benjamin, 133. 

Clement, 21. 

John, 21, 124, 127, 133, 174, 178, 229. 

John, Jr., 20. 

Joseph, 21, 22, 23, 24, 26, 113, 127, 198, 361, 
366. 

Nathaniel, 24, 26, 152. 

Samuel, 20, 24, 26. 

Samuel. Jr., 26. 

Solomon, 20, 24, 26. 
Silver, Doctor, 289. 
Simmons, John, 11. 

Joseph, 21, 230. 

Michael. 11. 
Simons. Elizabeth, 230. 

Joseph, 230. 
Simpson, Andrew, 150, 203, 215, 362. 

Andrew L., 215, 246, 247, 364. 

Anne, 380. 

Etta L., 265. 

Jonathan, 174. 

Joseph, 380. 

Lydia, 215, 276. 

William, 377, 382. 
Sinclair, Micajah, 388. 
Skidd, James, 62. 
Sleeper, John. 46. 
Small. Benjamin, 26. 122, 125, 133. 

Benjamin, Jr., 26. 

Edward, 11, 12, 26, 99, 221, 234. 

Hannah, 200. 

Harriet, 389. 

Isaac, 24, 26, 122, 127, 133. 

James R., 157. 

Joseph, 26, 223. 

Joseph, Jr., 26. 

Mary, 99, 221. 

Sarah, 99. 
Smart, Albert M., 307. 

Amos, M., 153, iss, 157, 167. 

Annie, 76. 

Bartholomew, 24, 376. 

Charles A., 307, 365, 369. 

Charles H., 155- 

Clarence I., 53, 166, 245. 

Cora E., 166. 

Elizabeth, 48. 

Enoch, 167. 

Hannah, 167. 

James, 152. 

James G., 369. 

James M., 54, 155, 164, 213, 216, 364. 368. 

John, 23. 24, 48, ISS, 187. 233, 376, 380, 383. 

Joseph, 21. 

Lois. 216. 

Mary E.. 305. 

Olive, 216. 

Robert, 7. 8, 35. 76. 

Robert, Jr., 11. 



430 



INDEX OF NAMES 



Smart, Samuel, 385. 
William, 124, 133. 

Smith, , 147. 

Alfred, 150, 152, 363, 368. 
Alice, 380. 
Alice H., 269, 309. 
Andrew G., 363, 367. 
Ann, 166. 
Archabel, 21. 
Ballard, 109. 
Bartholomew, 6, 52. 

Benjamin, 21, 22, 23, no, 129, 133, 191, 
198, 200, 203, 204, 223, 361, 365, 366, 
375 
Calista L., 388. 
Cyrus G., 368. 
Cora, 166. 
Daniel, IS7. 158, 162, 163, 229, 357, 362, 

363, 367. 368. 
Duke, 252, 253. 

Ebenezer, no. 201, 205, 213, 231 , 233, 241, 
277, 278, 279, 295, 345, 347, 362, 364, 365, 
366, 375, 384. 
Edward, 133, 233. 
Elizabeth, 79, 90, 191, 349. 
Forrest S., 240, 318, 319, 357, 3S8. 
George, 5, 38, 157, 386, 387. 
George P., 395- 
Hamilton, 206, 242, 262, 264, 269, 276, 280, 

288, 309, 310, 332, 343, 344. 
Henry, 205, 264. 
Jacob S. 264. 
James, 11, 13, 21, 58, 60, 77, 88, 90, no, 

in, 113, 157, 171, 246, 251, 341, 366. 
James, Mrs., 90, 102. 

John. II, 14, 21, 28, 34, 35, 36, 59, 60, 73. 
80, 81, 89. 90, 94, 107, 109, 113, 133, 140, 
152, 171, 174. 176, 178, 197, 223, 228,230, 
233. 234, 251. 252. 257, 341. 356, 363, 364, 
365,366,375,377. 382. 
John, Jr., 14, 18, 21, 80, 172, 176, 230, 

375. 
John, 3d., 21, no, 118, 122, 129, 130, 142, 

203, 213, 294, 377. 
John S., 155, 216, 263. 
Joseph, II, 14, 34, 35, 48, 55, 60, 62, 64, 66, 
67, 100, 103, 107, in, 124, 133, 155, 227, 
240, 285, 319, 363. 364, 366, 375. 
Joshua B.. 146, 155, 262, 276, 315, 316, 343, 

345. 349. 363. 364, 365. 368, 369. 
Leonard, 389. 
Leonard B., 364. 
Louise S., 334. 
Margaret, 295. 
Mary, 143, 166. 
Mary A., 289. 
Mary B., 343. 

Mary E., 276, 315. 343. 345- 
Mehitable, 345. 
Nancy, 388. 



Smith, Robert, 375. 

Samuel, 18, 21, 58, 59, 90, no, 112, 124, 
127, 176, 182, 214, 230, 232, 233, 234, 28s, 
361, 363. 364, 36s. 366. 

Samuel, Jr., 21. 

Samuel, 3d, 21. 

Samuel E., 153, 157, 166. 

Sarah, 341, 381. 

Sarah A., 319. 

Sherburne, 387. 

Stephen P., 386. 

Valentine, 206, 230, 244, 251, 261, 296, 309, 
3 IS. 339. 345. 346. 363. 364, 367. 

Warren, 35, 368. 

William, 79, 81, 151, 201, 203, 363. 

William B., 264. 

Winthrop, 162, 357, 362, 364, 367, 368. 
Smythe, George, 5, 38. 
Snell, Abraham B., 386. ' 

John, 24, 26, 127. 

Nathaniel, 386. 

Paul, 386. 

Samuel, 115. 

Samuel, Jr., 127. 

Sarah H., 384. 

Susan, 386. 

Thomas, 24. 
Snow, Pamelia, 387. 
Speed, John, 158. 
Spencer, Abednego, 26, 28, 128, 133, 375. 

Ebenezer, 21, 122. 

Jane, 390. 

John, 133, 375. 

Levi, 375. 

Moses, 133. 

Robert, 133. 
Spinney, Betty, 393. 

Deborah, 388. 

Mark, 393. 

William, 259, 375. 
Squire, Bernard, 40. 

Margaret, 40. 
Stacpole, Catherine, 81. 

James, 81. 

Margaret, 81. 
Stacy, Ann E., 321. 

Robert, 385. 

Samuel, 151. 
Staples, Palnia, 388. 
Starbird, Angelina P., 166. 

Caroline, 148. 

George, 166. 

James W., 157, 166. 

John, 123, 125, 148, 149, 166, 375. 396. 

John, Jr., 149. 

Lois, 148. 

Martha, 166. 

Mary, 166. 

Olive, 148, 166. 

Rebecca, 148, 396. 



INDEX OF NAMES 



431 



Starbird, Samuel, 148, 397. 

Sarah, 148. 

Stephen, 148, 152, 382. 
Starbuck, Edward, 6. 
Starr, Edward, 6. 
Steams, Susan C, 389. 
Steele, David, 280, 281. 

Janet, 280. 

Jonathan, 203,' 204, 241, 246, 278, 280, 281, 
288, 345, 362, 364, 367, 375- 

Margery, 282. 

Martha, 278. 

Richard, 253, 264, 288, 362. 
Stephens, Benjamin, 375. 

Cornelius, 375. 
Stevens, Andrew, 204. 

Andrew J., 157. 

Anne, 204. 

Benjamin, 21, 375. 

Betsey, 397. 

Cornelius, 375. 

Darius, 155. 

David, iss, 335- 

David A., 153, 160, 368. 

Elizabeth, 204. 

Federal B., 153. 

George D., 334, 335, 363, 

Gertrude I., 335- 

Hannah, 335. 

Hubbard, 16, 21, 26, 213, 349, 361. 

Hubbard, Jr., 26. 

Jabez H., 365, 368, 369. 

James, 21, 158, 168, 242. 

John, 133, 203. 204, 37S. 

Jonathan, 24, 127. 

Jonathan, Jr., 24. 

Joseph, 26, 118, 128, 129, 130, 200, 233, 234 . 

Louise E., 335. 

Marjorie P., 333. 

Martha A., 153, 242. 

Nathaniel, 24, 127, 133, 155, 368. 

Nathaniel, Jr., 24, 155. 

Parker, Jr., 155. 

Samuel, 127, 153, 157. 204, 342. 

Samuel I., 26. 

Stephen, 127. 

William, 127. 
Stevenson and Stephenson, 243, 243. 

Abraham, 21. no, 180, 182, 187. 

Bartholomew, 11, 63, 69, 70, 71, 92, 102, 
104, 176, 182, 223, 223, 228, 229, 341. 393. 

John, 241, 373. 

Joseph. II, 26, 92, 102, iro, 171, 176, 180, 
182, 187. 

Nathaniel, 387. 

Richard, 386. 

Thomas, 3, 9, 18, 21, 47, 49, 32, 53. 60, 83. 
92, 102, 108, no, 223, 232, 233. 
Stewart, Horace M. , 137. 

Robert, 77. 



Stillings, Peter, 123. 
Stirason (see Stevenson). 

Alfred, 137. 

Bartholomew, 393. 

Curtis, 137. 

Joseph, 171. 

William, 138. 
Storer, William, 3, 6, 64. 
Straw, Jane, 387. 
Strunk, Isaac, 171. 
Sullivan, Ann, 389. 

Daniel, I5S- 

Ebenezer, 122. 

George, 132, 264, 281. 

Humphrey, 38. 

James, 264, 337, 339- 

John, 57, 60, n6, 117, 118, 119, 121, 122, 
130, 133. 134. 135. 137, 138, 140. 141, 143, 
144, 14s. 146, 130, 132, 135. 220, 232. 243, 
246, 232, 261, 264, 277, 279, 280, 282, 286, 
337, 338, 339, 361, 362, 364, 375, 

Lydia, 280. 

Lynde, 137, 337, 339. 

Margery, 133, 282. 

Mary, 331. 
Swaddon, Philip, 6. 
Swain, Elizabeth, 386. 

Razar, 377. 
Swayen. Jeremiah, 87. 
Swett, Hannah, 286. 

Moses, 286. 

Sarah, 286. 

Stephen, 114, 286. 

William, 287. 
Sylvester, William P., 288. 
Symson, Henry, 47. 

Taisne, Augustin A., 211. 

Clara L., 211. 

Telesphore, 212, 213. 
Talbot, , 308. 

Henry L., 208, 349. 
Tash, Anna P., 144. 

Betsey, 144. 

Jacob, 143, 144, 187. 

James, 144. 

Martha, 144. 

Mary, 144. 

Oxford, 231. 

Patience, 143, 144. 

Thomas, in, 133, 143, 144, 146, 147, 130, 
233, 251. 

William, 144. 
Tasker, , 94. 

Ebenezer, 24, 197. 

John, 16, 28, 108, 196, 197, 233. 

John, Jr., 26, 28, 197. 

Samuel, 103, in. 

William, 11, 14, 28, lOO. 
Taylor, Daniel, 132,395. 



432 



INDEX OF NAMES 



Taylor, Eliza B., 320. 

John, 76, 8i. 

Nathan, 379. 

Phebe, 385. 

Thomas, 375. 

William, 388. 
Teague, Caroline, 148, 207. 
Tedder, Stephen, 6. 
Tego, Ira, 260. 

John, 260. 

Maria, 261. 

William, 389, 397. 
Thing, Bartholomew, 194. 

Hannah, 309. 

Mary, 194. 
Thomas, Abigail, 200. 

Benjamin, 223. 

Bradbury, 152. 

Elizabeth, 78. 

James, 11, 14, 28, 78, 123, 129, 133, 143,171. 
176, 178, 375. 

Joseph, 18, 21, no, 113, 133, 232, 361, 364, 
36s, 366, 375- 

Joseph, Jr., 151, 375. 

Mary, 143. 

Patience, 143. 

Stephen J., 123, 133. 

Thomas, 234. 
Thompson, Abigail, 2SI. 

Ada M., 264. 

Alexander, 83. 

Andrew B., 155. 

Ann, 201. 

Benjamin (son of Judge E.), 203, 241, 298, 
310, 331, 334. 339, 347, 375- 

Benjamin (son of Benjamin), 260, 264, 26s, 
275. 284, 297, 298, 299, 334, 347. 

Charles A. C, ISS. 337- 

Charlotte A., 275. 

Clark D., 367. 

Daniel G., 155. 

David, 2. 

Ebenezer (Judge), 21, 26, 55, 116, 118, 121, 
122, 128, 129, 201, 203, 234, 238, 242, 286, 
288, 295, 296, 298, 299. 301. 356. 362, 363, 
364, 366, 375- 

Ebenezer (son of Judge), 203, 241, 375. 

Ebenezer (son of above), 337, 364. 

Ebenezer (son of Benj.) 301, 367. 

Ebenezer (son of above), iss. 310, 311, 368. 

Edmund, 201, 203, 375, 

George, 83. 

George E., 264. 

George W., 253, 386. 

Jacob B., 368. 

James, 113, 124, 133, 149, 384. 

Jane, 301. 

John, II, 21, 26, 70, 113, 128, 129, 130, 172, 
174. 178. 181, 213, 236, 242, 243, 264, 281, 
303. 37S. 



Thompson, John E., 213, 221, 222, 262, 302, 
303, 304, 319, 368. 

John W. E., ISS, 242, 363, 36s. 

Jonathan, 18, 21, 26, 108, 127, 191, 213, 214, 
230, 293. 303. 361, 364, 36s, 37S. 

Joseph, 24. 

Levi, 152. 

Lucien {Frontispiece), 45, 71, 99, 104, 114, 
156, 168, 242, 319, 320. 334, 336, 347. 354. 
355. 357. 363. 36s, 375. 

Mary, 149, 207. 

Mary P., 16, 48, 49, 86, 88, loi, 105, 199, 
219. 237, 253, 259, 262, 296, 301, 302, 320, 
334.345. 347. 35i. 357. 

Nathaniel, 26. 

Nathaniel E., 368. 

Robert, 22, 26, 72, 104, 107, 127, 174, 178^ 
229, 242, 251, 366. 

Robert, Jr., 26. 

Ruth E., 265. 

Samuel, 113, 125, 133, 149, 251, 375. 

Samuel W., 155. 

Sarah, 26, 71. 

Sarah A., 319. 

Seth, 26. 

Solomon, 26. 

Stephen M., 127, 157, 163. 

Thomas, 124, 133, 375. 

Tolman, 127. 

True W., 155. 

William, 83. 

William J., 382. 
Thorndike, John L., 383. 
Thurston, Eugene, 349. 
Tibbetts, Daniel, 28. 

Ephraim, 123. 

Henry, 3, 28, 196. 

Ichabod, 379. 

Jeremiah, 28. 

John, 384, 385. 

Lydia, 386. 

Martha, 379. 

Mary, 384. 

Nathaniel, 28, 103, 197. 

Thomas, 225, 228. 
Tilley, Sedeny, 380. 
Tilton, Jacob, 388. 

Tobey, Alvan, 122, 207, 208, 214, 253, 254, 
339. 349- 

Charles E., 152. 
Tobnie, Patrick, 133. 
Todd, John, 82. 

Tompson, Thomson, Tomson (see Thomp- 
son). 
Torr, Joseph J., 367. 

Mary, 383, 385- 

Vincent, 125, 133, 149. 
Towle, Elisha, 380. 
Townsend, Ebenezer, 380. 
Treadwell, Frances P., 342. 



INDEX OF NAMES 



433 



Trickey, Abigail, 392. 

Benjamin, 387. 

Clarissa A., 383. 

Elizabeth, 393. 

John F., 155- 

Joshua, 392, 393. 

Martha, 392. 

Samuel, 392. 
Tripp, Benjamin, 375, 380. 

William H., 386. 
Trowbridge, Sarah, 307. 
Tucker, Henry, 375. 

James, 389. 

Sophronia R., 389. 

Stephen B., 133. 
Tufts, Henry, 24, 127, 133. 

Henry, Jr., 127. 

Samuel B., 155. 

Thomas, 127. 

Willard C, 155, 217. 
Turner, Abigail, 382. 

Ann, 385. 
Tuttle, Abigail, 397. 

^exander, 386. 

Alice, 397. 

Andrew, J. S., 157, 165. 

Ann, 148, 149. 

Benjamin, 152. 

Charles H., 155. 

Elizabeth, 165. 

Freeman H., 157, 164. 

George, 24, 115, 127, I33. ISO, 234. 

Herbert, 244. 

Isaac, 124, 133. 

James H., 158, 163. 

John, 3, 70, 219, 227, 228. 

John, Jr., 213. 

John L., 164. 

Levi, 395. 

Michael B., 386. 

Miles. 386. 

Mrs., 39S. 

Nathaniel, 387. 

Nicholas, 24, 124, 127, 133. 

Oliver, 38s, 387. 

Prudence I., 383. 

Sarah, 384. 

Sarah A., 382. 

Stoughton, 24. 

Thomas, 127. 

Tobias, 396. 

William, Jr., 155, 160. 
Tuxbury, Daniel, 386. 
Twonibly, , 240. 

Aaron, 396. 

Ann, 383. 

Elizabeth, 387. 

Isaac, 28, 196, 197. 

John, 384. 

John R., 155. 



Twombly, Joseph, 28, 196, 197. 
Reuben H., 155. 
Stephen, 152. 
William, 196. 
William, Jr., 197. 
William 3d., 28. 
Wingate, 386. 

Ugroufe, John, 6. 
Underbill, John, 3, 6. 
Underwood, Emily, 385. 

James, 122, 125, 133, 281, 282. 

John, 133. 
Umback, Adam, 158. 

Valley, Franklin, 158. 
Vamey, Andrew, 383. 

Esther, 150. 

Mercy, iso. 

Moses, 113. 

Oliver, 386. 
Vaughan, George, 173, 176. 

Major, 89. 
Veasey, George, 79, 83. 
V^enner, James M., 158. 
Verner, Thomas, 385. 
Vibbert, Luke R., 158. 
Vincent, Anthony, 381. 

Thankful H., 389. 
Vines, Henry, 14. 

Wakeham, Caleb, 52, no. 

Edward, 14, 51, 52, 176, 180, 182. 

Sarah, 51. 

William, 21. 
Waldron, Elizabeth, 286. 

George, 287. 

James, 81. 

Plato, 387. 

Richard, 6, 17, 86, 89, 109, 150, 169, 249. 

William, 6. 
Walker, , 246. 

Charles W., 156. 

Daniel, 158. 

James F., 158. 

Mark W., 260. 

Nehemiah, 184. 

Seth S., 294. 362, 367. 

Thomas H., 158. 

William, 216. 
Walles, Jane, 84. 

Samuel, 380. 
Wallingford, Samuel, 150. 
Wallis, Jane, 286. 
Walton, George, 3. 

Jacob, 397. 

Jean, 392. 

Mary, 391. 

Molly, 391. 

Sarah, 391. 



434 



INDEX OF NAMES 



Walton, Shadrach, 26, 391. 
Ward, Samuel, 113. 
Warner, Daniel, 41, 59, 298. 

Jonathan, 236. 
Warren, James, 81. 

Margaret, 81. 
Washington, George, 137, 141, 146, 287 
Wastill, John, 6. 
Waterhouse, Benjamin, 384. 

Isaac, 216. 
Waters, Elizabeth, 380. 
Watson, Andrew, 24, 127. 

David A., 265. 

David W., 240. 

Dorothy, 392. 

Ellison, 127. 

Hannah, 66, 102. 

Henry, 376. 

Jacob K., 151. 

James, 24, 127. 

John, 155. 

Joseph, 98, 102, 127. 

Lucia A., 265. 

Mary, 98, 392. 

Mehitable, 392, 

Myles S., 265. 

Nathaniel, 24, 187. 

Robert, 11, 13, 66, 98, 102, 171. 

Sarnuel, 24, iii, 392. 

Sarah, 391. 

Shadrach, 391. 

Sophia, 386. 
Waymouth, Deborah, 392. 

Dennet, 28. 

Moses, 28, 392. 

Samuel, 107. 

William, 24, 127. 
Weare, Nathaniel, 12. 
Webb, George, 3, 6, 9, 38, 39. 
Webber, Mar>', 379. 

Samuel, 81. 
Webster, Annie, 68. 

John, 68. 

Reuben, 377. 
Wedgwood, Willet, 152. 
Weeks, Jedediah, 153. 

William, Jr., 386. 
Welch, Benjamin, 133. 

John, 21, 113, 128, 376. 

Sarah, 380. 
Wells, Edward, 204, 282, 331. 

John S., 282, 332. . 

Joseph, 331. 

Margery, 282, 331. 

Samuel, 331. 
Wentworth, Abigail F., 382. 

Annie E., 331. 

Benning, 23. 

Charles, 331. 332, 363, 365 

Charles H., 331. 



Wentworth, Evelyn, 332. 
Governor, 118. 
John, IS. 
John 2d., 383. 
John N., 155. 
Olive, 387. 
Phineas, 387. 
Sarah, 385. 
Valerie, 332. 
William, 169, 331. 
Whedon, Jane, 95. \ 

Wheeler, Abigail, 41. 
Benjamin, 41, 213. 
Elizabeth, 41. 
John, 41, 42, 104. 
Joseph, 21,39,40, 41, 187, 191. 198, 213, 

230, 232, 233, 234, 36s, 366. 
Sarah, 199. 
Wheelwright, John 6. 
Whidden, Ichabod, 127. 

Temperance, 380. 
Whipple, Hannah, 383. 
Whitcher, George H., 168, 369. 
Whitcomb, Major, 149. 

Thomas, 27. 
White, James, 133, 158. 
Joseph, 242. 
Nathaniel, 380. 
Whitefield, George 191, 345. 
Whitehorn, Alonzo L., 155. 
Anne, 381. 
Charles, 217. 
Charles H., 155. 
John, 28. 
Johij S., 38s. 
Whitehouse, Love, 216. 
Moses, 391. 
Nancy, 385. 

Pomfret, 187, 379. 391. 392. 
Whitlocli, Mary, 46. 
Whitmore, Sarah, 386. 
Whitten, Joseph, 379. 

Mark, 133. 
Wiggin, Andrew, 17. 
Charles E., 156. 
David, 22s, 243. 
Drusilla, 216. * 

Eliphalet, 130. 
Elizabeth, 397. 
George, 260. 
George J., 364, 367. 
George T., 155, 264. 
Henry, 152. 
Issachar, 376. 
James, 260. 
John, 127, 260. 
Joshua, 115. 
Lydia, 261. 
Lydia A., 385. 
Moses, 208, 244, 308, 364, 367* 



INDEX OF NAMES 



435 



Wiggin, Nathaniel P., 156. 

Rufus, 381. 

Sarah, 384. 

Thomas, 2, 3, 4, S. SS- 

William, 151, 156, 213, 260, 363, 367, 368. 

Winthrop, 124. 
Wigglesworth, James L., 156. 

Mary, 287. 

Samuel, 118, 128, 133. 287. 
Wilkinson, Rufus, 385. 
Willard, Abigail, 388. 
Willey, Abigail, 95. 102, 387. 

Benjamin, 196, 197. 376. 

Charity, 207. 

Charles H., 156. 

Comfort, 385. 

Daniel, 151. 

Elizabeth, 95, 102. 

Ezekiel, 124, 127, 133. 

Hannah, 381. 

Harriet, 260, 389. 

Henry, 158, 260. 

Ira, 156, 260. 

Ivory H., 54. 

Jacob, 260. 

James, 158, 260, 376. 

James, Jr., 151. 

James W., 158. 

Jeremiah, 376. 

Jeremiah, Jr., 381. 

John, II, 14, 21, 91, 102, III, 151, 176, 180, 
228. 

John, Jr., 21, 176, 180, 230, 231. 

John, 3d., 21. 

Jonas M., 158. 

Judith, 95, 102. 

Lucy A., 389. 

Margaret, 48, 52. 

Mark, 151, 164, 364. 

Mark E., 156. 

Mary, 261, 377, 381. 

Mehitable, 261. 

Molly, 396. 

Noah, 151. 

Paul, 27. 

Phineas, 151, 396. 

Robert, 123, 133, 151, 196, 252, 376, 395- 

Rufus, ISO. 

Samuel, 27, 108, no, 127, 176, i78, 180, 
187. 198, 381, 396, 397. 

Sarah, 148, 387. 

Stephen, 11, 13, 21,48, no, 114, 127, 151,187. 

Stephen, Jr., 114, 115, 233. 

Susannah, 261. 

Theodore, no, in, 376, 395, 396. 

Thomas, 9, 14, 24, 27, 39, 40, 41, 42, 48, 
49. 50, 52, 59. III. 121, 127. 133. 171. 
174. 178, 196, 229, 376, 382. 

Thomas, Jr., 16, 48. 

Valentine, 376, 381. 



Willey, William, 21, in, 180. 
Zebulon, 127. 
Zekiel, 127. 
Williams, Agnes, 53. 
Ann, 92. 
Avis, 386. 
Christian, 89. 
George, 158. 

John, 14, 18, 21, 27, 107. 115. 124. 127, 
133. 176, 180, 182, i8s. 213, 223, 229, 
230, 36s. 387. 
John, Jr., 21, 27. 182. 
Jonathan, 125, 130, 133, 375- 
Joseph, 27, 133- 
Lewis, 89. 
Loisa, 386. 
Mary, 55. 

Matthew, 10, 51, 62, 64, 83, 171, 227. 
Samuel, 21, 108, 133, 149, 176, 180, 182. 
Sobriety, 149. 
Thomas, 14. 

William, 3, 10, 14, 53, 54, 55.s6,9i. 169. 227. 
William, Jr., n, 64. 
Wilson, Levi, 389. 
Margaret, 78. 
Samuel, 78. 
Susan R., 247, 261. 
Wingate, John, 197, 219. 
John, Jr., 28. 
Joshua, 146, 147, 282. 
Winkley, Ann, 383. 

John, 204. 
Winslow, Edward, 128. 
Wirt, William, 280. 
Wiswall, Hannah, 309. 
Noah, 88. 
Sarah, 307. 
Thomas, 307. 
Thomas H., 307, 308, 309, 363. 

Woodbury, , 191. 

Woodhouse, Doctor, 289. 

John, 397- 
Wood lock, Deborah, 382. 
Woodman, Archelaus, 21, 26, 128, 133, 150. 
Benjamin, 24. 
Charles, 382. 
Charles F., 368. 
Daniel, 252, 386. 
Daniel A., 156. 
Daniel T., 144, 368, 369. 
Edward, 21, 26, 127, 233. 
Edward, Jr., 133. 
Elizabeth, 221, 385. 
George, isi. 
Jacob, 241, 376. 

John, 10, 12, 13, 14, 16, 18, 21, 22, 26, 66, 
67, 69, 71, 72, 73, 92, 99, 100, loi, 103, 
104, 171, 189, 193, 219, 225, 230, 232, 
242, 247, 252, 291, 292, 351, 352, 353, 361, 
364, 365. 



436 



INDEX OF NAMES 



Woodman, John, Jr., 12. 

John S., 242, 261, 264, 282, 298, 343, 363. 

Jonathan, 12, 21, 26, 68, 73, 99. 107, 121, 
128, 172, 174, 178, 221, 225, 342, 366, 367. 
375. 

Jonathan, Jr., 21, 26, 128, 201, 203. 241, 375- 

Jonathan, 3d., 118, 128, 129, 130. 

Joseph, 28, no. 

Joshua, ir, 127, I33. 232i 233. 

Joshua, Jr., 24, 26. 

Lemuel, 242, 376. 

Margery S., 320. 

Mary, 99. 221. 

Moses, 152. 

Moses G., 243, 368. 

Nathan, 152. 

Samuel, 127. 

Sarah, 71. 

Sarah J., 309. 

William, 156. 
Woods, James, 387. 

Wooster, , i93- 

Wormwood, Jacob, 21, no. 

Joseph, 21, no, 113, 115, 203. 233, 376. 

Joseph, Jr., 114. 

Valentine, 203. 

William, 21, in, 176, 180, 182, 187. 
Wright. Ira, 389- 

Trueman K., 242. 
Wyer, David, 83. 

Ebenezer, 83. 

Edward, 83. 

Sarah, 83. 

Yeaton, Elizabeth, 207- 
John, 252, 367. 
Lydia, 207. 
Nathaniel, 156. 
Phihp, IIS. 
Samuel, 125, I33. 241, 367. 376. 



York, Hannah, 384. 

John, II, 21. 33, 34. 3S. 174. I73. 

Richard, 3. 5. 9. 21, 31, 32, 33, 35, 171 . 

Robert, 24, 127. 

Ruth, 33, 3S- 

Samuel, 133, 38i. 

Sarah, 3S3. 

Thomas, 24, in, 127. 
Young, , 243. 

Abner, 28. 

Albert, 153, 156, 213, 217. 241, 304, 305. 
368. 

Charles, 158, 387. 

Daniel, 28, 152, 196. 197. 304. 384. 395 • 

Eleazer, 28, 385. 

Eliza, 385. 

George, 386. 

George B., 158. 

Hamilton, 395. 

Hannah, 262, 304. 

James, 28. 

James M., 389. 

James T., 158. 

Jeremy, 124, 133. 

John B., 156. 

John T., 158. 

Jonathan, 28, 387. 

Joseph, 201, 203, 362, 366, 367, 364. 376. 

Josiah, 384. 

Josiah B., 156. 

Lydia, 382. 

Mary, 396. 

Mary E., 303. * 

Noah, 197. 

Rachel, 392. 

Samuel, 28. 

Samuel, Jr., 28. 

Thomas, 379. 392. 
Youngblet, Friedrick 128.