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Full text of "History of the town of Hanover, Massachusetts, with family genealogies"

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Published by the 




Copyrighted, 1911, 

By Town of Hanover, 


Linotyped and printed by the Memorial Press, Pljniioiith, Mass. 


CI. A -J 8 :f 5.-!:! 


At the annual town meeting, held on the seventh day of March, 
1904, John E. Stetson presiding, it was voted that the moderator 
appoint a committee of five to nominate a committee to have charge 
of the preparation and publication of a history of Hanover, said 
committee to report at this meeting : John F. Simmons, Josiah W. 
Hinckley, Melvin S. Nash, Lot Phillips, and Robert N. Millet 
were appointed as that committee, and they reported the following 
names : Jedediah Dwelley, Morrill A. Phillips, Josiah W. Hinckley, 
Rodolphus C. Waterman, and John F. Simmons. The nominees 
so reported were elected as said Town History Committee. 

This committee afterwards selected Jedediah Dwelley and John 
F. Simmons, aforesaid, to prepare and write the history. 


These pictures, with the exception of those of Mr. Dwelley 
and Mr. Simmons are from photographs taken by Thomas Drew, 
Edmund B. Packard, Herman L. Sturtevant and Herbert L. Curtis, 
at least three-fourths of them being the work of Mr. Drew who, at 
the solicitation of the Committee, gave cheerful and artistic service. 

Portrait of Jedediah Dwelley Frontice 

Portrait of John F. Simmons Frontice 

The Country Eoad at Rocky Swamp 13 

Indian Head River at South Hanover 13 

Old Bridge at Drinkwater 13 

North River at the Bridge 13 

Town House '^ -^ 

Abnshouse '^'^ 

Hanover Street at ia'v. Win. !1. Dowden's 23 

The Pines on Broadway 33 

House of Mrs. Eliza S. Sylvester 38 

House of Morrill A. Phillips 38 

Residence of Joseph S. Sylvester 39 

Residence of William F. Bates 39 

Second Congregational Church 60 

St. Andrew's Church 60 

Church of the Sacred Heart 61 

First Baptist Church 61 

Universalist Church {2 views) 83 

First Congregational Church (3 views) 83 

Residence of Andrew T. Damon ,• 103 

Residence of George W. Curtis 102 

Residence of I. G. Stetson 103 

Residence of John F. Simmons 103 

John Curtis Free Library 130 

Curtis School 130 

Salmond School, formerly Hanover Academy 131 

King Street School 131 

Corner of Church and Washington Street 144 


Circuit Street, at eud of King Street 1-1:4: 

North Hanover, Mann's Corrier 145 

King Street, near residence, of 0.' iP. Ellis 145 

Woodward Hill 168 

John Bailey House (now Ada A. ('ani|il)ell ) 172 

The Judge Gushing House 173 

The Job Tilden House 17)5 

Lone House in Cricket Hole IT-i 

'J^ack Factory of Ezra Phillips & Sons 1!)6 

The Old Forge on King Street 1!)7 

Plant of National Fireworks Company l!)7 

Tack Works of Bodolphus C. Waterman at Project Dale "304 

Crain Store and Office of Phillips. Hates & Co •304 

E. H. Clapp Kubber Company '305 

Box Factory of Lot Phillips &- Co. Corp'n -310 

West Hanover— Eliab Mill -311 

Xorth Piver Bridge (2 views) -oO 

Old Teague's Bridge -331 

Bridge at E. H. Clapp Rubber Factoi-y •3;;i 

Center Hanover Primary School "340 

Odd Fellows Hall " '340 

Hall of Phoenix Lodge of F. and A. M -341 

Library Hall, West Hanover "341 

Broad ^ Oak Farm "348 

Residence of Edward M. Sweeny '348 

Residence of Samuel H. Church '310 

Residence of Priscilla Eells "340 

House of Benjamin B. Hall "360 

House of Wiliiam Stockbridge -300 

The Baldwin House (2 views) "361 

The Howard House "368 

FTanover Four Corners ■3()8 

South Hanover at the Post OfVu-e "369 

Jacobs Pond at Assinippi "369 

Hackett's Mill, North Hnn.iver -370 

Whiting Street -376 

Cemetery (2 views) '377 


Incorpobation of the Town. Change in Boundaries. 
Eably settlers. Some of the votes passed at the 

FIRST town meeting. DoUBLE DATING. . . 9 — 24 


Town, County and State Officers. . . . 25 — 35 


Physical Changes. Land Titles. Indians. . 36 — 52 


Ecclesiastical History. 53 — 94 


Professional Men. 95 — 116 


Education. Public Library. .... 117 — 136 


Military History. 137 — 169 


Shipbuilding. Hanover Railroad. Iron. . 170 — ISO 


Slavery. Support of Poor. Aged Persons. . . 181 — 192 


Mills, Manufactures and Industries. . . . 193 — 218 


Roads and Highways. Streams and Bridges. . 219 — 237 


Public Buildings. Old Houses 238 — 263 


Hotels. Post Offices. Landmarks. . . . 264 — 275 


Birds. Cemetery 274 — 279 

Index 281 


The history of Hanover is that of one of tlie towns incorporated 
nearly two hundred years ago, with a settlement dating back to 
the middle of the seventeenth century. 

Deane, in his history of Scituate, throws some light on the life 
and pursuits of the early residents; and Barry, more than a half 
century ago, wrote a history tliat l)as been and now is highly 

At the time of the Old Home Week Celebration, in 1903, the 
citizens of the town became so interested tliat it was decided to 
have a history written that would bring out more fully a record 
up to the present time. 

At a town meeting held March 7th, 1904, it was voted to prepare 
a history of Hanover; and Jedediah Dwelley, Morrill A. Phillips, 
Josiah W. Hinckley, Rodolphus C. Waterman, and John F. Sim- 
mons were chosen a committee to carry the vote into effect. This 
committee appointed John F. Simmons and Jedediah Dwelley to 
prepare the work. 

Mr. Simmons died in 1908, leaving a manuscript of his part; 
and, so far as possible, this manuscript has been used in the prep- 
aration of tills work. 

The genealogical part of the book has been pre])ared entirely 
by Mr. Dwelley. The several chapters of the general liistory show 
what part thereof was written by Mr. Simmons and what part by 
Mr. Dwelley. 

While Chapter X was writtbu by tlie subscriher, lie was in- 
debted to the manuscript of Mr. John F. Simmons on the sub- 
jects embraced therein. The first tKvo and one-half pages are 
copied from this manuscript, and with the exception of the facts 
relating to the other mills on the several brooks and rivers, he has 
folloAved Mr. Simmons as closely as possible consistent witli the 
limitations of fhe work. To these facts relating to the early 
history of the mills on the brooks and rivers, the sul)scriber gave 
many days of careful, painstaking researeli among tlie old Scituate 
and Plymouth I»ecords. 

The first thought of the committee was to have a work of about 
1000 pages and material therefor was collected; but, on account of 



the expense, it was at a late liour decided to condense so as to 
embrace all in a less number. In doing this, it has been necessary 
to omit much that had been prepared of general interest in the 
historical part, as well as much in the genealogical parfl, of a 
personal nature. 

The work done by Mr. Dwelley has been prepared in hours 
snatched from an exacting business life, and lacks much that 
would have been given, if continuous devotion to the subject had 
been possible. 

It is submitted with a full realization of its shortcomings and 
its errors. 

The writer wishes to acknowledge the great sernee rendered bv 
the other members of the committee, in regard to information, 
criticism, and, above all, kindly advice and encouraging words. 

He also here acknowledges the assistance of Miss Anna Suther- 
land, Mr. A. Irvm Studley and Mr. Morton V. Bonney and the 
invaluable service, each in their own way, rendered by Miss Louise 
H. Briggs and Dr. Clarence L. Howes. 

This book would never have been completed but for the intelli- 
gent devoted service of my assistant. Miss L. Gertrude Gardner. 




Incorpouatiox of the Town. 

Change in boundaries — Earhj settlers — Some of the votes passed 
at the first town meetings — Double dating. 

The first few pages of this chapter were written by John F. 
Simmons, the remainder by Jedediah Dwelley. 

On the fourteenth day of June, 1737, the Lieutenant Governor, 
Council and Representatives in General Coiirt assembled, pas-^co 
"An Act for erecting a new town within the County of Plynioutli 
by the name of Hannover." This Act read as follows: "Wlierciis 
the inhabitants of the Westerly part of the town of Scitnate and tbe 
inhabitants of the Easterly part of the town of Abingdon labom' 
under great difficiilties by reason of their remoteness from the 
places for the publick worship of God, and have thereupon made 
their application to this Court that the lands on tlie Westerly 
part of the town of Scituate and tlie lands oii the l^asterly j^art of 
the town of Abingdon, adjoining together, and v.-hcj-eon they dwell, 
may be vested with all the powers and privileges of a town: Be il 
it, therefore, enacted by the Lieutenant Governor, Council and 
Representatives in General Court Assembled, and by the authority 
of the same, — 'That the Westerly part of the said town of Scituate 
and the Easterly part of the said town of Aliingdou, be and hereby 
is sett off and constituted a separate township, by the name of 
Hannover, tlie bounds of the said townslii]) to be as follows, viz: 
to begin at the Third Herring Brook at David JaeoI)*s saw-mill 
dam, and from thence running near AW'st al)Out two hundred 
and forty-six i-ods, to the Northeast corner of Isaac Turner's great 
lot; then, near West, with the Xortli side line of said great lot. oiu> 
mile, to tlie share line; and then, continuing tlie same course, 
three-quarters of a mile; then turning and running near South 
two miles, to the Soutliwest corner of Nehemiah Cushing's lot; 
then South 5°, 40' West, to the Soutlierly bounds of Ab- 
ingdon; and on the South side it is bounded on tlie line betwixt 
Abingdon and Pembroke, and on Indian Head River, and South- 
easterly by the North River, and Easterly by the aforesaid Third 


Herring Brook, from the said North Kiver to the dam before 
mentioned; and that the inhabitants of the said lands as before 
described and bounded be and hereby are vested with the powers 
privileges and immunities that the inhabitants of any of the 
towns of this province by law are or ought to be vested with, 
Provided, That the inhabitants of the said town of Hannover do 
within the space of two years from the publication of this act, 
erect and finish a suitable house for the publick worship of God, 
and, as soon as may be, procure and settle a learned, orthodox 
minister, of good conversation, and make provision for his comfort- 
able and honourable support, and likewise provide a school-master 
to instruct their youth in writing and reading ; and that thereupon 
they be discharged from any further payments for the maintenance 
of the ministry and school in the towns of Scituate and Abingdon, 
for any estate lying within the said town of Hannover: saving to 
the inhabitants of the towns of Seituate and Hannover, respectively, 
their interest and propriety in the common and undivided lands 
within the said towns of Scituate and Hannover; anything in this 
act to the contrary notwithstanding.' " 

By whose suggestion the name of Hanover was taken, is not 
now known. We are told that the loyal subjects of the King of 
England, George I., took this name as a tribute to their king, 
who, before ascending the throne of Great Britain, had been 
Elector of Liineburg and Hannover. Tlie death of George I. 
occurred June 10, 1737, four days before the final passage of 
the Act of Incorporation. The name, therefore, was German, 
and was correctly spelled in the Act of Incorporation. It is 
still spelled Hannover in Germany, and is there pronounced with 
the accent on the second syllable. How it became changed in its 
spelling and pronounciation can be accounted for by the inclina- 
tion, which has always been prominent in this country, to make 
improvement in every way and upon everything. 

By our name we are linked to the very ancient past. Hannover 
was a part of Saxony whose inhabitants, the Saxons, gave the name 
which is now used generically to designate the whole English 
speaking race, Anglo Saxons. Saxon is a word whose derivation 
is lost. It is traced by some authorities to "Sah," meaning 
a short knife; and by others it is held to mean "settled," as dis- 
tinguished from the "Suevi," a wandering people. 

Ptolemy first speaks of this people in the third century of our 
era. They then inhabited the same country now called Hannover 
in Prussia. They moved westward and were the first race from 


the continent to attempt a permanent settlement in England. 
They left tlie marks of ^;heir language in the En^^lish county 
names of Essex, Sussex and W^ssex, which are but shorter forms 
of East Saxons, South Saxons and West Saxond. 

Saxony and the Hannoverians remained a distinct independent 
nation until the year 803, when Charlei'.iagne succeeded in sub- 
jugating them after thirty-one years of alm^^st continuous warfare. 

The same spirit of independence actuated the modern little 
kingdom of Hannover. It resisted the efforts made for the unifica- 
tion of the German Empire until 1866, and only yielded to the 
inevitable after a conflict in arms. 

In accordance with the prevailing religious expression of the 
time, and as showing the close connection of church and state 
of the period, the cause actuating the petitioning householders to 
wish to be erected into a separate town was that they laboured 
"under great difficulties by reason of their remoteness from the 
places for publick worship of God." All those living westerly 
of the old line of the town of Scituate, eight families in all, were 
compelled by law to attend and pay taxes for the support of the 
Church in Abington ; while those living east of that line as far 
as the Third Herring Brook, were in the same way bound to the 
Church at Scituate. 

In the light of the relative conditions to-day, it is interesting 
to regard the statements put forth by the protesting householders 
of Abington as reasons for opposing the incorporation of the new 

In September, 1726, the town of Abington appointed a com- 
mittee to draw up objections to the petition for the new town, and 
these objections having been duly presented to the Court, as the 
Massachusetts Legislature has always been, and is to-day called- 
on the nineteenth day of April, 1727, the Lieutenant Governor, a 
member of the Council, and three members of the House were 
appointed a committee to visit the territory. The report which 
they made in favor of the petition, carried the incorporation to a 
successful issue. 

The objections were as follows: 

'•'I. Because of the fewness of our families in number, which i:- 
but about fifty- three, including the eight desiring to be set off: 
and of these five are newly married, and have neither house nor 
home, but as they sojourn under the roofs of others; and of the 
rest, six are widows, whose husbands have of late deceased, leaving' 
their families much broken, and under low circumstances; which. 


nineteen, taken from fifty-three, leaves but thirty-four, — and even 
of these some are so poor that they are left out of the rates, and 
have need of support from the town; — so that there will be but 
thirty families left to bear the public charges. 

II. The part of the town petitioning to be set off contains 
■eleven polls, and above one-fifth of the rateable estate; and al- 
though there will still be left to Abington a considerable tract 
of land, vet but little part of it is capable of settlement, except 
the easterly part, which is chiefly in gentlemen proprietors' hands, 
who do neither sell nor settle their lands, they living in other 
towns, and improving the same only as timber lots; and the inhab- 
itants petitioning to be set off dwell on the easterly part of these 
great lots, which run westerly nearly to the centre of Abington, 
which will hence be exempt from taxation here for the support of 
tlio ministry. And, 

III. That the eight petitioners for the separation, viz: Elijah 
Cushing, Jeremiah Hatch, ISrathaniel Davis, Joseph Bryant, Xehc- 
miah Cushing, Benjamin Loring, and Isaac Hatch, though they 
urged their distance from public worship, were but four miles from 
tlio meeting-house, and that if it was objected that the way was 
dilticult and impassable, yet several responsible men had offered 
to make it good and passable, for man and horse, for £5 charge." 

The remonstrance of the Abington people was not without its 
-effect. By an act passed shortly afterward the town was per- 
mitted for three years to tax all dormant or non-resident lands 
within their limits for the support of the ministry, and a new 
grant was made to the town of a tract of land lying northeast 
of Waldo's farm so-called (Barry, Page 16). 

(Mr. Dwelley frotii here.) 

When Hanover was incorporated it contained about eleven 
thousand acres of land, but in 1754 about one-tenth of its territory 
was annexed to that part of Pembroke which is now Hanson. We 
<;opy the following from the Colonial Eecords : 

'•'Saturday, 8th of June, 1754, on petition of Elijah Cushing, 
Esq., agent for the second precinct in Pembroke, showing that said 
precinct is made u]) of four several towns besides Pembroke, and 
praying that the whole Precinct may be united to Pembroke, "the 
(Jeneral Court ordered that the Petitioners with their estates com- 
pi-ehended within tlic bounds of said Precinct be to all intents 
and purposes annexed to and made part of the Town of Pemljroke." 
Oiie of the four towns named above was Hanover. 


ttLM^L'.i ^,,'X£kl,. 





In 1T4G the bounds of the West Parish or Second Precinct of 
Peml)roke were established by Act of the Legislature, and these 
bounds on the north follow substantially the present boundary of 
the town of Hanson as will be seen by tlie map whicli we submit 
herewith. This bound follows the Indian Head Piver, and the 
lot of land then owned by Ezekiel Turner, but reecntly and for 
many years by James W. House, running to Cornet Stetson's 
purchase, so-called. The map is presented in order to makx' it 
entirely clear just wliat part of the present town of Hanson 
belonged to Hanover, before this change. By the change Hanovci- 
lost about one and one-half square miles of territory, something 
more than one-tenth of her area, as stated above. 

There was not much opposition on the part of Hanover to this 
severance of its territory, but the Town Records show that the 
following votes were passed: 

May 30, 1746, "It was voted and granted to sundry inhabitants 
of the Southwest part of the town of Hanover to be a Township 
or Precinct agreeable to the Bounds of their petition on file." And 
at a meeting held May 27, 1754, "The question was put, whether 
the Town would vote off the Southwest part of the town called 
the Second Precinct to be annexed to Pembroke, and it passed in 
the negative, and voted David Stockbridge, Esq., to be agent for 
said town at the great and General Court to use his Indeavors to- 
Prevent that part of the town being annexed to Pembroke."' Evi- 
dently this opposition was ineffective, and it is doubtful if it was 
very serious. 

The writer is indebted to Mercer V. Tillson of Hanson, who 
gave many days in searching the Records for facts, and many uiore 
in tracing the lines. 

Barry speaks of a small gore of land having been aniuwed to 

Many persons of intelligence doubted the question of such an- 
nexation, and Mr. Tillson, who resided in early life in Hanover, 
decided to make the matter clear. This is said as a slight recog- 
nition of the value of his service. {See appendix at close of this 
chapter marked "A.") 

Since 1754 the changes in the boundary lines of Hanover have 
been slight. A half dozen enactments of the Legislature at 
different times have defined her bounds, but these were to make 
clear rather than to change. We give all these instances, as fol- 
lows: In 1835 the line between Pembroke and Hanover, at 
the Rubber Factory, was defined. In 1857 an Act established the 



The portion of this map within the dotted lines shows territory that waa 
Abin;;ton previous to 1727, then from 1727 to 1754 Hanover, and now a part 
"Of Hanson. That territory shown above which is bounded easterly by Indian 
Head Brook, northerly by Indian Head Kivor and westerly by the dotted line, 
«hows territory which was a part of Scituate previous to 1727, a part of Han- 
over from 1727 to 1754, and now a part of Hanson. The territory taken 
from Hanover as above was first annexe<l to Pembroke, but at the time Han- 
son was incorporated it became a part of that town. (See Court Records, 
1753-170"). ^lassaehusetts Archives). 


line near tlie Tiffany Mill. This was after litigation of several 

In 1878 the line was established at Assinippi. This was to 
make plain what had perhaps become obscure, and the Town of 
South Scituate paid to the Town of Hanover the sum of two 
hundred and twenty-five dollars. This payment was made to 
indemnify Hanover for the future care of the small section of 
highway north of ^^''ebster street which had before been cared for 
by South Scituate. In 1878 the line between Hanover and Rock- 
land was defined and established, but no change was intended. 
And in 1885 the line between Hanover and Pembroke, near the 
t.ack factory of E. C. ^^'aternlan was defined and established. 

When trying to look into the past and solve the problems of the 
unknown, we wonder who the first white man was to tread the 
soil of Hanover, and here we have, reasonable cause to believe 
that Phinehas Pratt was the man, and the date that of March, 
1633. This is a most interesting story, and stands forth in 
history with hardly a parallel. 

Mr. Pratt was living in Weymouth at this time. In some way 
he learned that the Indians were intending to make an onslaught 
on the Plymouth settlement. He became uneasy and told his 
Company that if some messenger did not inform the Plymoutli 
people of their danger, all of both Colonies would certainly be 
slain. Xo one could be found among the men who would volun- 
tver to go, and at last Mr. Pratt determined to walk across to 
Plymouth and give the needed alarm. When his determination 
^\■as made known, his companions said, "The savages will pursuit 
after you, and kill you, and we shall never see you again." 

Evading the sharp watcli of the Indians, Pratt started on his 
perilous journey, alone, and without compass or arms. Unarmed 
for fear the Indians would overtake liim and mistrust his mission, 
an<l without compass, as the only one they had was that belonging 
to the ship which was too large to be carried. For two days and 
one night he journeyed, and the writer believes that from his 
description he spent the iiight near the borders of Hanover in 
Pembroke. Tie describes this niglit which he spent in the dense 
forest Avith no human help witliin a radius of man}^ miles : "The 
wolves began their howling as night drew on, and a river ob- 
structed with many stones, intercepted liis way; the water being 
quite deep and very cold, he passed over it with much difficulty." 
Then, to use his own language, '^as I in great distress — fifaint 
for want of flPood, weary with Running, flearing to make a ffier 


because of y"^ y* pshued me. Then I came to a depe dell or 
hole, ther being much wood falen into it. Then said I in my 
thoughts, this is Cxod's providence that heare I may make a tier. 
Then having macd a lier, the stars began to a pear and I saw 
Ursa Major."' The snow lay deep on the ground in patches, but 
he reached Plymoutli safely the following afternoon. Tradition 
says that, when he crossed the snow, he walked backwards, hoping 
to deceive his ])ursuers. 

On the l!)th of April. 1()80, Phinehas Pratt died at Charlestown. 
Mass., "aged ahout !'0 years." 

In fairness to the Indian and liis attitude toward the early (,'olo- 
nists, it should be said that, "During the year 1614, Thomas Hunt, 
an Englishman, had kidnapped from Plymouth twenty Indians, 
and seven from Cape Cod, and sold them as shives in Spain."' 

"Tlie Indiana had not forgotten this:' 

x\ecording to Barry, William Barstow was tlie first white man 
to settle within tlie present bounds of Hanover, and he was liere 
as early as 1649. Barry describes the location of his house and, 
while doubtless he constructed a house in the locality indicated 
by Barr}^ it seems quite certain to the writer that lie must have 
owned and lived in a house, when he died, which stood north of 
the present residence of Charles F. Stearns. The division of his 
estate would seem to indicate this location. He must have had, 
presumaljly, a house near Xorth Eiver, where he at one time kept 
an "Ordinary." The question is not especially significant. Cer- 
tain it is that the first recorded grant of land to him is that parcel 
which is ])oiinded on the Third Herring Brook, the North Eiver. 
Washington street and Broadway, or near the last named streets. 

Doubtless Barstow had neighbors within a half mile in Scituate, 
and probably within the same distance in Pembroke, but the 
Pioneers accepted privation and solitude without repining. Work 
was to be done, and brave hearts and strong hands went to- 

Why this particular lot of land was selected by Mr. Barstow 
it is of course impossible to say. Presumably the low part, 
thereof, was desirable for the meadow hay, and possibly the up- 
land may have been suitable for cultivation. 

How much of the land of Hanover at this date was an unbroken 
forest no one can tell, but probably ninety per cent, at least. 
Very few of the early deeds or allotments indicate the nature of 
the land allotted. But at North Hanover, near the Norwell line, 
this level tract of land is spoken of in 1692 as the "grassy plain"; 


and it is quite certain that the field on Main street on which the 
Curtis School House stands^, was also in 1692 suitable for cultiva- 
tion, and the records indicate, by j-eference, one or two other places 
which must have been cleared land. 

In the settlement at Scituate Harbor in 1628, the "Green Field" 
is referred to, and Deane says "so-called, as we understand, 
because it had been an Indian planting ground, and was not 
covered witli wood as the cliU's and glades were not covered with 
wood." In most cases probably the earliest settlers in the differ- 
ent parts of the town of Hanover selected places that were in part 
at least clear. 

The growth of Hanover was slow, but as early as 1700 scattered 
settlements had been made up Broadway and Elm street, as far 
as the Pembroke line, — up Washington street as far as East 
street, with one or two houses on the latter street, — on the lands 
east of ^^'asllington street, and south of Mill street. It is also 
probable that there were a very few houses at West Hanover, south 
of Summer street, as the Drinkwater Mill was constructed before 

When Hanover was incorporated, all but the northwest and 
northeast part had houses scattered about, although if an east and 
west line had been drawn through the center of the town it is 
doubtful if there were more than twenty houses north of this line. 

Barry says the population of Hanover at the date of her 
incorporation was three hundred, but probably a sixth part of these 
were on that part afterwards annexed to Pembroke. 

Just where the first "Town Meeting" was held is uncertain. 
Tradition says, in the dwelling house now owned by Rev. William 
H. Dowden. There was a school house near the Center, and 
perhaps this was used. As soon as the meeting house was com- 
pleted, all town meetings thereafter were held in that building 
until the "town house" was erected in 1826. This first town 
house stood very near where now stands the meeting house, and 
was a one story unpainted building, standing about ten feet west 
of the church building of that time. Both of these buildings 
were burned in 1862. The entrance to this town house was 
from the south. There was no vestibule, and the seats (benches), 
which were framed with the building, ran north and south, each 
row being about one foot higher than the one in front of it. The 
"Desk," as it was called, was on the north end, the space in the 
center of the building being perhaps twelve feet in width. 

The first Town Meeting was held on the 29th day of June^ 


1737, as soon as possible after the incorporation of the town. 
There was very little business transacted at this meeting except 
to elect the important town officers who were as follows, viz : 
Joseph Barstow, Moderator; William Witherell, Town Clerk; 
Benjamin Curtis, James Hatch and Charles Stockbridge, Select- 
men; Jonathan Pratt and Samuel Barstow, Constables; Joseph 
Barstow, Town Treasurer; James Hatch, Joseph Josselyn and 
John Bailey, Surveyors of Highways; John AVoodworth and James 
Torrey, Tything Men. 

The second Town Meeting was held August 39, 1737, and the 
business transacted seems to have been simply to name a com- 
mittee to choose a minister. 

On the 13th day of Nov., 1737, the next meeting was held, and 
the important business at this time was to elect a committee to 
erect a meeting house. 

On the 13th day of December of the same year, at a Town 
Meeting, a committee was chosen to "put the Meeting House out 
at contract." No other business seems to have eome up at thisi 

The next Town Meeting was held on tlie 33nd day of January, 
1737, when a committee was cliosen to ask Seituate for help in 
building the meeting house. 

Following these and on the 3nd day of March, 1737, the first 
important Annual Town Meeting was held. Following is a copy 
of the record of said . meeting as copied from the Town Clerk's 
book : "At a Town meeting held att hanover march the 3nd day 
1727, the town made choyce of mr Joseph Barstow for the modera- 
tor and Will™ Wethrell for there Town Clark and Benjamin 
Curtis and James Hatch and Elijah Cushing for there Selectmen 
(and Assessors), and Job Otis and Thomas Bardin, Constables 
and Thomas Bardin refused to serve and the town proseded in 
the choyce of another Constable and made choyce of Benjamin 
Silvester for there Constable and Benjamin Barstow and James 
Hatch Jur and Joseph Curtice Survayers Samuel Harlow and 
Hugh Vickery for tything men and for fence vewers Amos Sil- 
vester Samuel Staples and Benjamin Curtis, Jur the Town voted 
that swine should goe at large and chose Benjamin Hanmer and 
Benjamin Man for hogreves and John Stoddard sealer or Clark 
of the Market and Samuel Stetson pound keeper and mr Joseph 
Barstow Town Treasurer and Caleb Barker and Abner Dwele 
field drivers and Bachelder Wing grand jureman for the year in- 
suing and James Hatch and Thomas Josselyn for pety Juremen 


to serve on the jure of trials the next Inferer Court voted that 
the three agants to wit Elijah Cusliing Joseph House and Abner 
Dwele that let out the meeting house to buld are to receve of 
Isaac Buck the subscription money which he hath or may receive 
for the Towns youse and are to let it out to the workmen as 
they shall agree towards the payment of sd meeting house and 
and their recept shall be your discharge voted that sd town shall 
keep a skoole this presant year insuing at three plases where the 
selectmen shall think it most convenant for sd town 
William Wetherell Town Clark." 

As a matter of interest we also give on the following page a fac 
simile of this original record. 

A word as to the fact that the first town meeting was held June, 
1727, while the first annual meeting, nine months later, is recorded 
as having been held March, 1727. The opening of the year was 
then the spring time when the birds were singing, the buds swelling, 
the crocus blooming, and all nature smiling and full of promise. 
How appropriate and with what good cheer could the "Happy New 
Year" be wished ! It does not seem out of place to make this brief 
explanation of the change, and the cause therefor here, especially 
as many of our records, previous to 1753, relating to births, mar- 
riages, deaths and other town matters, such as town meetings, are 

Until about 1753 Hanover followed the English custom, either 
of double dating or of beginning the year March 35th, instead of 
January 1st. 

The record of two of the toA\Ti meetings referred to above purport 
to be January and March of 1727, but we should now say i73c9, 
as Hanover was incorporated in June of 1737, and these two 
meetings were held the following January and March. 

After the calendar was corrected by Pope Gregory XIII. in 1583, 
although tlie correction was immediately adopted by all the Catholic 
countries, it was not adopted by England until 1753. This was 
the "new style," and the year being made to commence on the first 
of January, instead of the 35th of March, gave occasion to the 
double dates which were in use here and in England for a century 
or more previous to 1753. Most of the Nations having at this time 
adopted the new style, it was thought proper by the English to 
pay some regard to it by double dating. It could be used only 
between January 1st and March 35th. 

We find on pur records evidence of double dating, but what is 
more confusing, the old style was used without double dating in 
many cases. 




To illustrate : The record of the first two births in town would 
indicate that there was a difference of less than six months in the 
ages of two children of the same parentage, whereas the true differ- 
ence undoubtedly was nearly eighteen months, the date of Sept., 
1734, being according to our present reckoning, while the date 
Feb., 1735, should be according to our present reckoning, 1736. 
Following is a copy of the records referred to: '"Samuel Bourn 
Son of Nathan Bourn and Lydia his wife was born the Second day 
of September in hanover in the year 1734"' and 

"Remember Bourn Daughter of ISTathan Bourn and Lydia his 
wife born in hanover the sixteenth day of february 1735" 

It may be interesting here to copy a few of the votes the 
early town meetings, not because of their importance especially, but 
on account of their significance in throwing light on the methods 
of the time. 

Before doing this, however, we will say that in 1715 the Common 
Lands known as the ''Flats"' were divided, and Hanover's portion, 
thereof, assigned to her. For the year 1747, the amount received 
for the rental of these tiats was 50£ (old tenor), and in 1758 they 
rented for 9£ l"3s. In 1730 it was "Voted to exempt Quakers from 
paying any part of the expense of building the meeting house." 

In 1760 it was "Voted that the town flats be divided into four 
parts, so that it may be hired out in quarter parts." 

In 1761 the town received for rental as above, 11£ 16s, and in 
1795 they rented for '35£. In this latter year the town and pre- 
cinct tax was about eleven hundred dollars, so that the flats paid 
nearly one-eighth of said tax. 

In 1733 the town voted quite a large number of persons twenty 
shillings each for killing wild cats. 

In 1747 "Voted Isaac Hatch £-^ 10s (old tenor) for the stocks 
now set up at the meeting house." In explanation of this we quote 
from the Plymouth Colony Laws under date of Nov. 15, 1636, 
"''That in every Constable rich there be a pair of stocks and whip- 
ping post erected, these to be erected in such place as shall be 
thought meet I)y the several neighborhoods where they concern, 
upon the penalty of ten slullings for any township which shall be 

In 1748 tbe town passed a vote looking to the erection of a 
<'ourt House in Pembroke, and if that was not possible that there 
may be a stop put to the construction of a new Court House at 

At a town meeting held Oct. 15, 1755, David Stockbridge pre- 


sented the town with one year's salary as representative, 21£ 16Sj, 
and the town voted to use this in paying certain bills, the "balance 
to be lodged with the town treasurer." 

In 1760 it was voted that Bezaleel Curtis have "a right to alter 
the highway near where his father in his life time dwelt, to go to the 
north side of the orchard between said orchard and land of Elisha 
Eandall to the Country Eoad, provided he make the same as good 
and passable as the other now is." (Tliis was Henry's Lane, so- 

The same year the town voted an allowance to David Stockbridge 
of £2, which he paid the Clerk of the Sessions for recording war- 
rants "^herein transient persons were ''warned" out of town. (Tho 
early law in relation to settlements required the warning out of 
persons who for any reason seemed undesirable citizens). Some 
of the most prominent men in the Commonwealth find upon exami 
nation that their ancestors were warned out of their respective 
towns. At a town meeting held May 17, 1762, it was "Voted 
that the ToAvn are willing Mr. Robert Lenthal Eells should fish in 
the North River for Bass or Shad and he to run the Risque of its 
being against the law." 

In 1788 the town chose a committee of twelve to consider the 
"question of the negro woman Florow and her children and other 
blacks that have lately come into town" and "Voted that the 
Selectmen take measures to clear the town of them." 

At this or a succeeding meeting "Wing Rogers appeared in town 
meeting and declared he was dissatisfied in his conscience for 
■taking £25 (old tenor) of the town for collecting the ministers' 
rate the year he was collector, and gave up the same to the town/' 
for which he was given a vote of thanks, and it was voted "that the 
money be laid out for purchasing a Bible for the town's use to l)e 
kept in the meeting house in said town." At town meeting held 
Oct. 19, 1778, it was "Voted to Doctor Joseph Jacobs for Docktoi- 
ing Isaac Turner and Cuting of His Tose £9." 

In 1785 Bette Bailey was paid for keeping Samuel AVitherell and 
wife, and for the cost of the funeral. 

By a vote passed at a meeting held in 1788 it appears that Joseph 
Curtis built the Parson Baldwin house, which was at tlie time of 
its destruction known as the "Bee Hive." 

In 1790 Melzar Curtis was chosen representative, and "allowed 
three shillings a day, and what the Court pays for travel," and l)e 
was elected the next year on the same condition. 

In 1791 it was "voted that Mr. Mellen may supply the pul])it 

f liiiiii utHiu 






one-sixth i3art of tlie time in the west part of Scituate, David Jacobs 
to acquaint him of tlie fact." 

In 1791, "Voted £6 to purchase a Paul with." 

In 1795 it was "'Voted to send a representative on condition that 
he receive no salary, and Benjamin Bass was chosen." 

In 1801 it was "Voted that Melzar Curtis be joined with the 
selectmen to remove Eunice Kogers from this town in the metliod 
they shall think best." In explanation of this vote we will say 
that it was not unusual in cases, where the question of a settlement 
\\ as in doubt, to take unoffending families by force and carry them 
to such towns as the probabilities indicated as the ones of their 
settlement. In his youth, an elderly man told the writer that he 
was employed by the selectmen to remove a family from Hanover in 
this manner. He said he left Hanover after dark, travelled all 
night, camped the next day in the woods, at night resumed his 
journey and about midnight, reaching his destination, left the fam- 
.ily in the street. Lucy Bailey (slightly demented), a daughter of 
Seth Bailey, went with lier father's family to Maine (in her youth). 
She remained in that state until she was about thirty-five years old, 
vrhen she was brought to Hanover and left one rainy night on 
'"Xick Hill." She was found dazed and wandering the next 
morning, and passed the remainder of her hapless life in Hanover, 
dying at the Almshouse in November, 1859. 

March 8, 1827, "Voted not to choose a ty thing man or ty thing 
men." Up to this date such officers had been elected annually. 
In the early history of the town the position was in its way an 
important one. 

Before closing tliis chapter it may not be amiss to give the names 
of a few of those persons who were in the town for the years im- 
mediately preceding the incorporation, and for a few years there- 
after. Many of these held offices in the town. Possibly some of 
the names here given also appear in the genealogical part of this 
work; but the intention has been to simply give those families wlio 
receive little notice elsewhere. 

Thomas Bardin Samuel Harlow Alexander Soper 

Isaac Buck John House Joseph Soper 

Abner Buck Samuel House Jolm Torrey 

John Barker David Jenkins Benjamin Taylor 

Kobert Barker John Lambert John Taylor 

Caleb Barker Isaac Lambert Recompense Tiffany 

Clement Bates Henry Merritt Hugh Vickery 

John Bray Job Otis Ezekiel Vinal 



Joseph Perry 
Joshua Palmer 
Ezekiel Palmer 
Josiah Palmer, Jr. 
James Rogers 
Thomas Rogers 
Wing Rogers 
Joshua Staples 

Solomon Wing 
Bachelor Wing 
Ebenezer Wing 
Sylvanus Wing 
Benjamin Wood worth 
Ebenezer Woodworth 
John Woodworth 
Thomas Whitten 
Thomas Wilkes 
David Witherell 

Nathan Bourne 

Daniel Crooker 

James Cornish 

Joseph Cornish 

Benjamin Hanmer 

John Dillingham 

Abner Dwelly 

AVilliam Ford 

Richard Fitz Gerald Samuel Staples 

Xathaniel Gill Samuel Skiff 

Appendix "A" — The Act establishing Second Precinct of Pem- 
broke was passed August 6, 1746, by the Legislature, and was made 
up of parts of the towns of Bridgewater — Halifax — Abington — 
Hanover and Pembroke. 

Laws and Resolves, Volume XV., 1753-56, Appendix X., Chapter 
20 — Order annexing Second Precinct of Pembroke made up out of 
several towns to the Town of Pembroke. 

A petition of Elijah Cushing, Esq., agent for the Second Precinct 
in Pembroke, showing that the said Precinct is made up out of 
four several towns, besides Pembroke, which is a great incon- 
venience, and for as much as the inhabitants in general are more 
advantageously situated for an union with Pembroke than any 
other towns. Praying that the whole Precinct may be united to the 
town of Pembroke according. 

Ordered that the prayer of the petition be granted, and that the 
petitioners with their estates comprehended within the bounds of 
said precinct, be to all intents and purposes annexed to and made 
part of the town of Pembroke, that to this time they pay their 
respective proportion to all taxes already made and granted, and 
that the several towns to which said petitioners belong to 
abate in the Province Tax in proportion to w'hat the petition with 
their estates paid in the last Province Tax, and that the same be 
laid on the town of Pembroke. Pa.ssed, June 7, 1754. 

Legislative Records of Council XX., 254, Massachusetts 
Archives; CXVL, 627 Massachusetts Archives; CXVL, 626; House 
Journal pp. 21-22-23; Province Laws Xill-126, Chapter 98. 



Town, County and State Officers. 

By Jedediah Dwellei). 


Selectmen, as officers of the town, have always been influential 
and able men. Early in the history of the Old Colony, they were 
given large discretion and ample power. They acted as magistrates 
■and heard all civil matters in dispute among the inhabitants of 
their respective towns, in cases where the amount involved did not 
exceed forty shillings. 

The judiciary powers thus conferred were, however, transferred 
to Justices of the Peace, before the incorporation of Hanover. They 
had, for a long time, power to provide for the wants of the poor in 
their respective towns. This power was, later, transferred to Over- 
seers of the Poor (as at present). 

Just when Selectmen were first elected in Massachusetts may 
not be fully established. It is certain that Creorge Bunker of 
Charlestown, who owned a lot of land running over Bunker Hill, 
in Feb., 1634, signed a petition to delegate to a " Board of Select- 
men " the ordinary business of the toAvn; and John Fiske (page 
32, American Political Ideas) says they were first elected in 1635. 
Probably the first statute enacted by the General Court at Plymouth 
creating this office was in 1658. 

At first they were elected by the " freemen " of the towns, sub- 
ject to the approval of the Court at Plymouth. Later, as the 
jurisdiction of the courts over the towns was diminished, the 
election rested solely with the voters of the town. 

John Hancock served as Selectman of Boston and John Adams, 
as Selectman of Braintree. 

The duties of the office are important, requiring intelligent, 
honest judgment. The title, "Selectman." has lost none of its 
early significance. 

The following were selectmen of Hanover from 17"37 to 11)08 



Name, Number of Years of Service, Date of Servke. 
George Bailey, 2, 1787 to 1788 inclusive. 
Col. John Bailey, 4, 1768 to 1771. 
Seth Bailey, 1, 1782. 
Stephen Bailey, 4, 1790 to 1793. 
Caleb Barker, 1, 1734. 
Daniel Barstow, 1, 1786. 
John B. Barstow, 2, 1797 and 1798. 
Samuel Barstow, 1, 1729. 

Samuel Barstow, 5, 1744 to 1745; and 1766 to 1767; and 1772. 
Samuel Barstow, Jr., 2, 1776 to 1777. 
Benjamin Bass, 3, 1783 to 1785. 
Thomas M. Bates, 3, 1840 to 1841; and 1853. 
John Bayle, 4, 1734 to 1737. 
John Bayle, Jr., 1, 1743. 
Zadock Beal, 1, 1837. 
Josiah Bonney, 3, 1842 to 1844. 
Morton Bonney, 1, 1869. 
Edward A. Bowker, 11, 1898 to 1908. 
Curtis Brooks, 2, 1811 to 1812. 
John S. Brooks, 6, l.s62 to 1866; and 1868. 
Joseph Brooks, 1, 1837. 
Benjamin F. Burgess, 1, 1859. 
Robert S. Church, 2, 1873 and 1874. 
Samuel H. Church, 12, 1877 to 1888 inclusive. 
William Church, 7, 1849; and 1853 to 1858. 
John n. Crocker, 1, 1884. 
Benjamin Curtis, 2, 1727 and 1728. 
Henry J. Curtis, 4, 1873 to 1876. 
John Curtis, Jr., 1, 1779. 
Jolm Curtis, 1, 1822. 

Lemuel Curtis, 4, 1773 to 17^5; and 1777. 
Levi Curtis, 5, 1821 to 1825 inclusive. 
Melzar Curtis, 3, l':83 to 1785. 
Melzar Curtis, Jr., 12. 1813 to 1816: and 1818 to 1821; and 182.? 

to 1826. 
Samuel Curtis, 1, 1776. 

Snow Curtis, 18, 1786; 1796 to 1811 ; and 1817. 
AVilliam Curtis, 1, 1786. 

Elijah Cushing, 10, 1728 to 1734: and 1736 to 1738. 
Horatio Cushing, 9, 1820. 1823, 1824; and 1826 to 1831. 


Joseph Gushing, G, l.GS to 1<11; li<o and 1»^4. 

Thomas Damon, 2nd, 1, 1839. 

Keubeu C. Donnell, 3, 188G to 1888. 

Abner Dwelley, 2, 1730 and 1731. 

Jedediah Dwelley, 29, 1859 to 1883; and 1885 to 1888. 

Lemuel Dwelley, Jr., 8, 1827 to 1831 ; and 1843 lo lfe44. 

Charles Dyer, 1, 1856. 

Edward Eells, 2, 1809 and 1810. 

Eobert Eells, 3, 1806 to 1808. 

liobert Eells, 2, 1867 and 1868. 

Eobert L. Eells, 5, 1790 to 1793; and 1805. 

Sameui Eells, 2, 1837 and 1838. 

Mordecai Ellis, 13, 1750 to 1762. 

Thomas J. Gardner, 4, 1834, 1835, 1854 and 1855. ' 

Israel Hatch, 2, 1763 and 1764. 

James Hatch, 11, 1727 to 1729; 1732, 1733, 1735, 1736: and i:38. 

to 1741. 
Charles Jacolis, 1, 1870. 
David Jacobs. 2, 1776 and 1777. 
Stephen Jacobs, 1, 1825. 
Joseph Josselyn, 2, 1741 and 1742. 
Oren Josselyn, II, 1832, 1833, 1839, 1850 to 1852: and 1860 ta- 

Thomas Josselyn, 6, 1735; 1737 to 1740; and 1743. 
Charles H. Killam, 9, 1889 to 1897. 
Benja)nin Mann, 1, 1744. 
Benjamin Mann, Jr., 2, 1763 and 1764. 
Joshua Mann, 4, 1799 to 1802. 
AVilliara Morse, 10, 1832 to 1834: 1836, 1838 to 1841; 1815 and. 

Alpheus Packard, 8, 1901 to 1908. 
Ozias Perkins, 2, 1857 and 1858. 
Israel Perry, 2, 1797 and 1798. 

Joseph Pamsdell, 7, 1768 to 1771; and 1794 to 1796. 
Thomas Rose, 13, 1750 to 1762. 
Timothy Rose, 1, 1789. 
George C. Russell, 12, 1889 to 1900. 
Ebenezer Simmons, 6, 1832 to 1836; and 1838. 
Jashua Simmons, 1^ 1775. 
Perez Simmons, 6, 1849 to 1853; and 1856. 
Joseph Soper, 14, 1783 to 1785; 1787, 1788, 1790 to 1796; 1801 

and 1802. 
Albert Stetson, 2, 1840 and 1841. 


Benjamin Steteon, 4, 1746 to 1749. 

Benjamin Stetson, 1, 1835. 

Isaac G. Stetson, 18, 1865 to 1867; 1876 to 1885; and 1893 to 

Josliua Stetson, 7, 1813 to 1819. 
Samuel Stetson, 3, 1779 and 1780. 

Tomer Stetson, 27, 1803 to 1822; 1826 to 1831: and 1836. 
Charles Stockbridge, 1, 1727. 
David Stockbridge, 4, 1782, 1780, 1799 and 1800. 
Joseph Stockbridge, 4, 1730 to 1733. 
William Stockbridge, 1, 1812. 
Benjamin Studlev, 4. 1779, 1780, 1787 and 1788. 
Eobert H. Studies, 2, 1860 and 1861. 
R. Miles Sturtevant, 2, 1869 and 1870. 
Amos Sylvester, 1, 1742. 
L. Curtis Sylvester, 2, 1871 and 1872. 
Nathaniel Sylvester, 6, 1765 to 1767; and 1772 to 1774. 
Nathaniel Sylvester, 3, 1794 to 1796. 
Samuel Sylvester, 1, 1765. 
Recompense Tiffany, 4, 1746 to 1749. 
Amos Turner, 1, 1775. 

Ezekiel Turner, 24, 1739 to 1755; 1762 to 1767; and 1772. 
Eben C. Waterman, 16, 1889 to 1892; and 1897 to 1908. 
Eodolphus C. Waterman, 1, 1875. 
Thomas Wilkes, 6, 1756 to 1761. 
Charles Winslow, 3, 1846 to 1848. 
William Witherell, 1, 1745. 
Albert White, 14, 1842 to 1848; 1850 to 1852; 1854, 1855, 1857 

and 1858. 
Thomas Whiting, Jr., 3, 1780; 1782, and 1789. 
William Whiting, 5, 1845, 1847 to 1849; and 1859. 
William ^Vliitten, 2, 1803 and 1804. 

(Eben C. Waterman filled vacancy caused by death of I. G. 
Stetson in 1897). 


As early as 1646, it was enacted by the Court at Plymouth that, 
in every town in tlie Colony, a clerk should be appointed, — his 
duty, among others, being to keep a register of births, marriages, 
and deaths. After 1671, he was required to publish all contracts 
of marriage; and, for nearly two centuries, notices of intentions 
of marriage were required to be published for two weeks in some 
public place, usually in the vestibule of the church. George S. 
Boutwell began his official life as Town Clerk of Groton. 

William Wliitiiig was Selectman in 1871 and 1872. seven years 
in all. 

El)en C. Waterman was Representative in 1898, three years in all. 


The oiEce of Town Treasurer was not created imtil 1093, after 
the union of ihe colonies. 

From the incorporation of this town, in 1727, up to and inchid- 
ing the year 1757 — a period of thirty-one years — the ollice of 
Town Clerk was filled by two persons,. — William Withcrell, the 
first Town Clerk, serving seventeen years (1727 to 1743) and 
David Stockbridge, his successor, fourteen years (1744-1757). 

During this period, the office of Town Treasurer was filled by 
ten different persons, whose years of service and dates of tJie same 
are as follows : 

\ limber of Years of Service; Date of S err ice. 
John Bailey, 1, 1747. 
(.'aleb Barker, 1, 1734. 
Joseph Barstow, 2, 1727 and 1728. 
Joshua Barstow, 10, 1748 to 1757. 
Joseph Curtis, 2, 1735 and 1736. 
Elijah Cushing, 7, 1739 to 1743; and 1745 and 174G. 
Thomas Josselyn, 2, 1732 and 1733. 
Thomas Rose, 1, 1744. 
Joseph Stockbridge, 2, 1729 and 1730. 
Recompense Tiffany, 2, 1737 and 1738. 

Erom 1757 to the present time, the duties of both offices have- 
devolved upon the same person. 

The following is a list of those who have, since 1757, held the 
offices of Town Clerk and Town Treasurer, with the years of ser- 
vice and dates of the same: 

Number of Years of Serrice; Date of Service. 
Benjamin Bass, 9, 1798 to 1806. 
Joseph Brooks, Jr., 11, 1846 to 1856. 
Levi Curtis, 3, 1815 to 1817. 
Melzar Curtis, 6, 1787 to 1792. 
Melzar Curtis, Jr., 6, 1818 to 1823. 
Reuben Curtis, 8, 1807 to 1814. 
Joseph Cushing, 3, 1775 to 1777. 
Bernard Damon, 38, 1870 to 1907. 
George R. Dwelley, 1, 1857. 
David Jacobs, 1, 1786. 

Oren Josselyn, 5, 1839, 1841; and 1843 to 1845. 
Ozias Perkins, 1, 1858. 
Timothy Robbins, 8, 1778 to 1785. 
Albert Stetson, 11, 1859 to 1869. 


David stock-bridge, 17, 1758 to 1774. 

David Stockbridge, Jr., 5, 1793 to 1797. 

Joshua Studley, S, 1824 to 1831. 

Albert White, 9, 1833 to 1838; and 1840 and 1843. 


Presiding officers have large powers and are usually selected be- 
cause of some special gift for the position. A moderator is elected 
but for a day,, yet it is necessary that he be intelligent, fair, and 
of quick judgment. So much depends, at important moments, 
on his rulings that towns have ever been careful in their selection. 

Senator Lodge has, for many years, served as moderator at the 
annual meetings in Nahant. Samuel Adams was for years previous 
to the Revolution, the moderator of the Boston Town Meeting. 
This was his mighty weapon. 

George W. Curtis says of him : — "His indomitable will and com- 
mand of the popular confidence played Boston against London, 
the provincial towii-meeting against the royal parliament, Faneuil 
Hall against St. Stephen's. And as long as the American town- 
meeting is known, his great genius wil be revered, who, with the 
town-meeting, overthrew an empire." 

Hanover has had nearly seven hundred town meetings, over 
which one hundred and thirty-four different persons have, as 
moderators, presided. Want of space forbids the printing of the 
entire list. The following persons acted as moderators six times 
or more. The year of the beginning and the termination of their 
service is given, with the number of meetings over which each 

Number of Meetings; Years. 
Col. John Bailey, 6, 1781-1782. 
John Bailey, Jr., 15, 1747-1786. 
Elisha Barren, Jr., 11, 1818-1844. 
John B. Barstow, 11, 1803-1829. 
Joseph Barstow, 7, 1727-1728. 
William Church, 7, 1853-1862. 
John H. Crocker, 27, 1883-1901. 
Henry J. Curtis, G, 1878-1890. 
Melza Curtis, 6, 1807-1833. 
Elijah Cushing, 27, 1727-1753. 
Joseph Cushing, 12, 1759-1779. 
Jedediah Dwelley, 14, 1862-1879. 
Robert Lenthal Eells, 6, 1775-1794. 


John H. Flavell, T, 1903-1906. 
James Hatch, 21, ITS^-l^SU. 
Aaron Hobart, 6, 1815-1820. 
Joseph Josselyn, 14, 1733-1?'?4.' 
Thomas Josselyn, 17, 1732-1756. 
Benjamin Mann, 2nd, 16, 1820-1837. 
William Morse, 44, 1829-1847. 
Israel Perry, 6, 1780-1810. 
Timothy Bobbins, 10, 1787-1804. 
Timothy Eose, 6, 1789-1806. 
Ebenezer Simmons, 7, 1810-1837. 
Perez Simmons, 38, 1843-1863 
John F. Simmons, 5. 
€apt Albert Smith, 13, 1806-1822. 
Benjamin Stetson, 6, 1741-1755. 
Isaac Oilman Stetson, 11, 1875-1894. 
Turner Stetson, 14, 1806-1826. 
Joseph Stockbridge, 7, 1727-1735. 
Benjamin Studley, 8, 1777-1791. 
Robert H. Studley, 21, 1859-1874. 
Ezekiel Turner, 44, 1731-1769. 
Thomas Wilkes, 6, 1741-1760. 

We have entered the name of John F. Simmons, although he 
served but 5 times, his last service being at the annual meeting 
preceding his death. His fairness, firmness, intelligence, quick 
judgment, and never failing courtesy marked him as a model 


Following is a list of the names of persons who have served as 
School Committee since 1827, at which time their duties were speci- 
ally defined. Persons were elected to this office before that date; 
but as a rule, the Selectmen seem to have had the care of the 

This office is one of the greatest importance and it has been 
filled by intelligent men and w^omen, who have given valuable ser- 
vice with slight compensation. 

Number of Years; Date of Service. 
J. Aiken, 6, 1860-1865 inclusive. 
Cyrus W. Allen, 4, 1872 and 1874 to 1876 inclusive. 
John S. Barry, 4, 1849, 1851, 1852 and 1855. 
Morton V. Bonney, 8, 1874 to 1881 inclusive. 


John S. Brooks, 1, 1848. 

Joseph Brooks, Jr., 1, 1847. 

William H. Brooks, 1, 1873. 

Thomas Conant, 3, 1841 to 1843 inclusive. 

John S. Crosby, 2, 1864 and 1865. 

Albert J. Curtis, 2, 1901 and 1902. 

Henry J. Curtis, 1, 1873. 

Eobert Curtis, 1, 1832. 

Dr. Ezekiel Cushing, 1, 1827. 

Samuel Cutler, 5, 1849, 1850, and 1854 to 1856 inclusive. 

Eev. A. G. Duncan, 14, 1834, 1839, 1842 to 1845 inclusive: anl 
1847 to 1854 inclusive. 

Eev. Edward D. Disbrow, 3, 1899 to 1901 inclusive. 

George E. Dwelley, 2, 1857 and 1859. 

Jedediah Dwelley, 9, 1865 to 1873 inclusive. 
Joseph Freeman, 2, 1856 and 1858. 

Thomas J. Gardner, 2, 1835 and 1837. 

Cyrus Holmes, 2, 1843 and 1844. 

Dr. Clarence L. Howes, 25, 1881 to 1898 inclusive; 1902-ir^OS- 

Dr. Woodbridge E. Howes, 3, 1867 to 1869 inclusive. 
Oren Josselyn, 2, 1832 and 1833. 
Eev. Eobert L. Killam, 10, 1831, 1834, 1841, 1842, 1848, 1850, 

1853, 1854, 1856, 1857. 
John G. Knight, 10, 1878 to 1880 inclusive; and 1891 to 1897' 

William Morse, 4, 1832, 1833, 1839, 1843. 
Eev. Melvin S. Nash, 13, 1890, and 1897 to 1908 inclusive. 
Edward A. Perry, 2, 1869 and 1870. 
Sophia E. S. Phillips, 3, 1898 to 1900 inclusive. 
Calvin B. Pratt, 1, 1838. 
John W. Pratt, 1, 1858. 

Andrew Eeed, 10, 1866 to 1868 inclusive; and 1870 to 1872 in- 
clusive; and 1874 to 1877 inclusive. 
Harriet E. Eussell, 7, 1902 to 1908 inclusive. 
Ebenezer Simmons, 3, 1827, 1832, 1833. 
John F. Simmons, 13, 1878 to 1890 inclusive. 
Perez Simmons, 1, 1836. 
William Slason, 2, 1851 and 1852. 
Eev. Ethan Smith, 1, 1830. 

Joseph C. Stockbridge, 3, 1828 to 1830 inclusive. 
S. G. Stone, 3, 1861 to 1863 inclusive. 


Ezekiel K. Studley, 1, 1857. 

Joseph H. Studley, I<», LS4l^ and 1844 to 18 10 inclusive; and 185!) 

to l«(i4 inclusive. 
Joshua 8tudley, 8, 18'^; to 1831 inclusive; and 1835, 1839, 1840. 
Jacob Tuck, 3, 1858 to 18G0 inclusive. 
Eben C. Waterman, 1, 1877. 
Rev. Calvin Wolcott, 2, 1827 and 1834. 
Alexander Wood, 4, 1837, 1838, 184G, 1847. 
Albert White, 14, 1827, 182!) to 1831 inclusive; 1832, 1835 to 

1838 inclusive; 1844, 1846, 1853 to 1855 inclusive. 
Thomas White, 2, 183(5 and 1838. 
Horatio Whiting, 1, 1827. 

Trypliena Whiting, 15, 1882 to 18!)(i inclusive. 
Eev. Benjamin Whittemore, 1, 1821. 


Residents of Hanover. 
Joseph Gushing was for several years Judge of Probate for 
Plymouth Cotmty and Jedediah Dwelley was for twenty-seven 
years a county commissioner. 


A list of the names of residents of Hanover who have served 
as re])resentatives to the General Court is here given. Possibly 
one or two names have been omitted. 

Haimver constituted a district by lierself until 1857 when South 
Scituate was joined with her. These towns alternated in 
the choice of a representative. This continued for ten years, when 
tlie district was increased by the addition of Hanson. This ar- 
langement remained unchanged imtil 1877, when a new district 
was formed consisting of the towns of Rockland and Hanover. 
This formation continued for twenty years, when Hans<m was 
added : since which time, the district has been composed of Han- 
over, Hanson and Rockland. 

Names, Years, Years -of Service. 

Capt. Elija Cushing, 1, 1737. 

Thomas Josselyn, 3, 1738, 1741, 1742. 

David Stock-bridge, 11, 174!) to 1754 inclusive; 1756, 1759, 1760, 

1762 and 1772. 
Ezekiel Turner, 2, 1761 and 1767. 

Joseph Cushing, 5, 1773 to 1775 inclusive; and 1778 and 1779. 
Robert Lenthal Eells, 2, 1776 and 1777. 


David Jacobs, 2, 1780, 1781. 

Benjamin Bass, 7, 1783, 1795 to 1798 inclusive; 1805 and 1806. 

Melzar Curtis, 5, 1784, 1790 to 1792 inclusive. 

David Stockbridge, 1, 1794. 

Albert Smith, 3, 1803, 1803 and 1804. 

John B. Barstow, 3, 1808 to 1810, inclusive. 

Eev. Calvin Chaddock, 1, 1811. 

Turner Stetson, 2, 1812, 1813. 

Aaron Hobart, Jr., 1, 1814. 

Eeuben Curtis, 7, 1815 to 1818 inclusive; and 1823 to 1825 in- 

Eobert Eells, 5, 1819, 1820, 1827, 1828 and 1830. 

Melzar Curtis, 2, 1822, 1826. 

William Morse, 3, 1829, 1831 and 1833. 

Horatio Cushing, 1, 1834. 

Thomas J. Gardner, 4, 1835, 1852, 1853 and 1854. 

Ebenezer Sinunons, 1, 1836. 

Abel G. Duncan, 6, 1837 to 1842 inclusive. 

Oren Josselyn, 3, 1843 to 1845 inclusive. 

Cyrus Holmes, 1, 1849. 

John S. Barry, 2, 1850 and 1851. 

Perez Simmons, 1, 1852. 

Charles Dyer, 1, 3 855. 

Benjamin F. Burgess, 1, 1859. 

Joseph H. Steedley, 1, 1861. 

Isaac M. Wilder, 2, 1857 and 1863. 

Jedediah Dwelley, 1, 1865. 

Morton V. Bonney, 1, 1868. 

Henry J. Curtis, 1, 1871. 

Charles H. Killam, 1, 1874. 

John W. Everson, 1, 1879. 

Rodolphus C. Waterman, 1, 1882. 

Isaac G. Stetson, 1, 1885. 

Wm. Henry Brooks, 1, 1889. 

Eben C. Waterman, 2, 1891 and 1897. 

Melvin S. Nash, 3, 1894, 1907, 1908. 

Ezekiel E. Studley of Eockland, and Calvin T. Phillips and 

Edward Y. Perry, both of Hanson, served as representative from 

this district. The former was born in Hanover. The last two 

died in Hanover, where they resided for many years. 



The following named persons while residents of Hanover served 
in the Massachusetts Senate for one or more years. It is possible 
that a Hanover resident may have served previous to 1805, but 
if so, we have not the record. 

Number of Years of Service, Date of Semce. 
Albert Smitli, 2, 1805, 1806. 
David Stockbridge, 1, 1818. 
Aaron Hobart, 1, 1819. 
Perez Simmons, 1, 1859. 
Jedediah Dwelley, 2, 1873 and 1874. 
Melvin S. Nash, 2, 1909 and 1910. 

Mr. Hobart after his removal from Hanover was a member of 
Congress and later Judge of Probate for Plymouth County. 


Physical Changes — Land Titles — Indians, 

PHYSICAL changes. 

By John F. Simmons. 

Under this head Deane, in the History of Seituate, makes a 
prediction which, after nearly seventy years, has had a remarkable 
fulfillment. He says : " The beach between the third and fourth 
cliff is composed of sand and pebbles and resists the attrition of 
the tides more than the cliffs; yet it is slowly wasting and the 
river will eventually find its outlet between those cliffs." 

In November of 1898, the most violent storm for half a century 
visited our coast and North Eiver broke through this beach at 
the north end of the fourth cliff'. Since then, the mouth has con- 
stantly grown wider. The vast acreage of the salt marshes has 
become at high tide a wide-spread, inland sea. Around its edges, 
where the trees sought the marsh's edge, is a margin of dead vege- 
tation, where the trees have been killed by the salt water. None 
of the hay can now be cut. 

The tide rises and falls above North River bridge and the small 
winding stream which at low tide creeps seaward between muddy 
banks is a bounding river at high tide, stretching across from 
upland to upland. Sea fish are now caught at Little's Bridge, 
clams are gathered in large quantities on the flats, and it is re- 
ported that the cultivation of oysters is contemplated. Were ship- 
building prosecuted now as in former days on North River, the 
difficulties originally encountered in getting the larger craft 
" down river," would now be found no longer to exist. About 
1638 there was an earthquake that alarmed the people of Plymouth 

November 18, 1755, the so-called "great earthquake" occurred. 
Deane speaks of it as follows : " * * * our aged people * '■■ 
* describe the violent agitation of the earth as continuing about 
fifteen minutes; in which time the walls were all thrown down, 
the tops of chimneys broken off, and, in many instances, the whole 


chimney-stacks shaken down into the rooms and many houses dis- 
jointed and nearly destw'ed. The whole surface of the earth was 
seen to wave like the swellings of a sea * * * occasionally 
breaking into fissures. It happened at day dawn * * * and 
brought psople from their beds in dreadful consternation. The 
trembling of the earth and the crasliing of the falling walls * * 
* was like the loudest thunder, and the commotion and roaring 
■of the sea is described as no less terrible * * * several water 
spouts burst out in the town. (One) threw out a considerable 
ijuantity of reddish sand of a singular appearance and the spring 
thn«5 opened continues to run to the present time. Another fissuri 
of considerable magnitude was made on the south side of ' great 
swamp ' so-called.' 

We have no knowledge of specific damage d(me by the earth- 
quake. Within the limits of our town, slight seismic disturbances 
are frequently felt, occasioning no alarm. 

The big hurricane which occurred about 1815 is but one of a 
long series of high winds which, from time to time, have occurred 
in our history doing each time greater or less damage to the wood- 
land and buildings. One such was the November gale of 1898 
■iilready spoken of; another occurred in September, 1869. 

According to the glacial theory, that part of the earth's surface 
now known as Hanover, was, during the post-tertiary period, 
covered with a deep cap of ice. As this yielded to the increasing 
warmth of this latitude, the ice disappeared first from the higher 
levels. The lower countries and the valleys remained clad with 
those rivers of flowing ice now called glaciers. As tiiese flowed 
from the higher to the lower lands, tliey bore with them frozen 
sod and detached rocks, boulders, and stones ; sometimes pushing 
these before them, sometimes thrusting them aside, and sometimes 
carr}dng large masses of them frozen into their icy body. 

The masses of rock and stones are termed moraines. The sur- 
face of our town is covered with these moraines left by the yield- 
ing glaciers. They form the sand and gravel of our soil. TIic 
smooth faces of these stones, as well as the marks cut by them in 
the outcropping ledges as they passed, are still visible in almost 
every boulder and mass of rock. They are the hand-writing left 
on the rocks, to testify to future occupants of the might and the 
direction of the onward march of the glacier. 

The prevailing rock we now find is granite, in which hornblende 
is almost always present. And, in the cracks and crevices of the 
cleft ledges, the differing forms of graywacke reveal the degenera- 


tion of the basaltic rock, which tells us of that far gone fiery 
period of the history of our planet, when the rock wliich more 
easily melted filled the crevices of the granite which cracked be- 
fore it melted. 

In the river valley, the richer alluvial soil reveals to us still 
another and later time when the waters covered the earth and^ 
receding, left along their banks the soil worn from softer lands, 
and borne on its receding current to be dropped here as lakes be- 
came rivers and rivers brooks and brooks at length ceased to flow-.. 
Then man came. 

The first man known to have seen or lived upon Hanover's hills- 
was the red man, over whose origin controversy still wages. 

1^0 white man's eye is known to have gazed over the primeval 
forest of the town prior to 1620. The Northmen or some of the 
earlier discoverers or Captain John Smith, any or all, may have 
penetrated the woods thus far inland by overland march or by 
pursuing the tortuous windings of North Eiver. But ail tracer 
of such discoverer is lost to history. 


By Jedediah Dwelley. 

The question of land titles is being very carefully considered, 
as time advances, and it seems important to give this brief review 
of our own. 

The Plymouth Colony claimed title to our lands under it;-^ 
charter and this title was supplemented .by the deed from Josias 
Wampatuck, the Sachem of the Massachusetts tribe of Indians; 
to so much of the Hanover lands as was embraced within the 
limits of the original town of Scituate. Following is a copy oi 
this deed: — 

" I, Josias Wampatuck, do acknowledge and confess that I have 
sold two tracts of land unto Mr. Timothy Hatherly, Mr. James 
Cudworth, Mr. Joseph Tilden, Mr. Humphrey Turner, William 
Hatch, John Hoar, and James Torrey, for the proper use and 
behoof of the Town of Scituate, to be enjoyed by them according 
to the true intents of the English grants; the one parsel of such 
land is bounded from the mouth of the North River as tliat river 
goeth to the Indian Head Eiver, from thence as that river goeth 
unto the pond at the head of Indian Head River upon a straight 
line unto the middle of Accord Pond, by the line set by the com- 
missioners as the bounds betwixt the two jurisdictions until it 






meet with the line of the land sold by me imto the shares of Coni- 
hasset, and as that line run's between the town and the shares until 
it Cometh unto the sea ; and so along by the sea unto the mouth of 
the Xorth Eiver aforesaid. The other parcell of land, lying on 
the easterly side of the North Eiver, begins at a lot which was 
sometime the land of John Ford, and so to run two miles southerly 
as the river runs, and a mile in breadth towards the east, for 
which parcel of land I do acknowledge to have received of the men 
whose names are before mentioned, fourteen pounds in full satis- 
faction in behalf of the inhabitants of the town of Scituate a> 
aforesaid, and I do hereby promise and engage to give such further 
evidence before the Governor as the town of Scituate shall think 
meet, vrhen I am thereunto required; in witness whereof I have 
hereunto set my hand in presence of 

'' ISTathaniel Morton 

'' Edward Hawes 

" Samuel Xash 


Josiah X Wampatuck 


All that tract of land now Hanover, which before the incorpora- 
tion formed a part of the territory of Abington, was granted by 
the Colony Court. 

The first parcel was granted to Timothy Hatherly (a name 
prominent in the history of Scituate) in 1654 and the definite 
bounds thereof are described as follows, viz : ^- " A tract of land 
to begin at Accord pond on the southerly side, and to run three 
miles southerly towards Indian Head River pond, and to be laid 
out three miles square on the west line of Scituate." Included 
in these bounds are AYliiting street and Pleasant street, the wester- 
ly part of Xorth street, the westerly part of AVebster street, the 
westerly part of Cedar street, and so much of Hanover street and 
Circuit street as lie north and west of ^the West Hanover railroad 

This Hatherly grant includes a large part of the town of Rock- 
land and it was diAnded into shares which run nearly east and 
west. On account of this regularity of division, lines in Hanover 
are easily followed. 

The earliest settlers in Hanover on this tract were the "WTiitings 
on Whiting street, and the Studleys and Curtises on Pleasant 
street, Timothy Bailey being also early on this latter street. Prob- 
ably Nehemiah Cushing's residence was on this grant. The 


soutlieast corner of this Hatherly grant is about one hundred and 
forty lods, nearly due east from the residence of Harrison L. 

In 1668, Cornet Eobert Stetson, as agent for the colony, pur- 
chased of the Indian Sachem, Josias Chickatabutt, lands lying 
south of and adjoining the Hatherly grant, referred to above. 

This parcel was three miles long, bordering on the Scituate 
line and running two miles west; in all, six square miles. The 
easterly boundary of this lot was of course a continuation of the 
easterly boundary of the Hatherly grant. 

Whilt the deed from Chickatabutt was to Robert Stetson, it 
was in effect a deed to the colony, and, if written to-day, presum- 
ably would be made to the Colony Court, omitting Mr. Stetson's 

As the three grants following were made by the Colony Court 
and embrace all the land described in the aforesaid deed, we have 
been thus careful, that no confusion may arise. 

South of tlie Hatherly grant and adjoining, was the grant to 
Cornet Robert Stetson made by the Colony Court in 1669. This 
grant v/as two miles in length, extending westerly along the line 
of the Hatherly grant and one mile in breadth extending along 
the Scituate line. The price paid was seven pounds and five 
shillings, less than four pounds per square mile. 

Included in these bounds are Summer street, so much of Han- 
over street as lies west of a point a few rods west of Plain street 
and running to the West Hanover station. School street, the 
northerly part of King street,the northerly part of Winter street, 
and Circuit street, from Winter street to the West Hanover station. 
The early settlers on this territory were the Barkers, Hatches, 
Estes, Wings and Ramsdells, perhaps Michael Wanton and others. 
Before 1694, Cornet Stetson sold the easterly part of this gi-ant 
to the early proprietors of tlie Drinlavater mill. 

Lying south of this grant to Cornet Stetson and adjoining it, 
the Colony Court granted to Joseph Barstow and Joseph Sylvester. 
in 1671, a tract of land running westerly two miles and southerly 
a little less than one mile, " Excepting out of the aforesaid graitc 
fifty acres contained therein which was granted by the court to 
William Barstow, deceased, for services done for the County." 
The southerly part of King street, and, the most of Winter street, 
lies in this grant and the early settlei-s thereon were the Stock- 
bridges, Baileys, Barstows, Torreys and Tildens. 

Soutli of and adjoining the above grant, the Court, in 1671, 


granted to Joseph Barstow aud Moses and Aaron Siinmons, a 
parcel of land extending sdutherl}' a little more than a mile and 
westerly two miles. Only a small part of this territory is now 
embraced within the limits of Hanover, the extreme southerly 
bound of King street, and })0ssibly a small part of Winter street 
and a small part of Broadway being included therein. The earliest 
settler in Hanover on this tract was Ezekiel Turner. 

The following rules apply to all the lands in that i)art of 
Hanover which before its incorporation formed a part of the ter- 
ritory of the town of Scituate. 

Before the incorporation of Scituate all the lands within her 
borders which had been allotted to private owners had been laid 
out by a committee appointed by the Colony Court. 

From IGoG to lt)4?, the freemen were commissioned to dispose 
of lands, which was done in open meetings. 

From 164T to 1610, tlie principles generally followed were to 
grant lands to the freemen and to such as had built or owned a 
house previous to 1()4T and, in KilO, a petition was addressed to 
the Colony Court "craving tlieir counsel, aud advice, and help, 
and assistance herein." 

This was oi)poscd by other inhabitants, and the nuitter w.u, 
heard and reheard before the Court, when they decided (.fune l(i, 
16? 1) that "the lesignation of the freemen and inirchasers was 
unwarrantable and invalid; but if they would lay down their 
power it did return unto the Court." The Court proceeded to 
appoint a commission of eight persons chosen from l)oth parties, 
with instructions to agree on some principles of dividing the com- 
mon lands, and present it to the Court for their approbation. 
These commissioners were Capt. James Cudwortli, Cornet K'obert 
Stetson, Lieut Isaac Buck, and Isaac Chittenden, on one part; and 
John Turner, Sr., John Turner, Jr., John Bryant, St., and John 
Damon on the other part. 'I'hey agnjed, and the agreement was 
approved by the Court; but the town met and refused to ratify 
the agreement. The assistants then drew up i)roposals and came 
in person to present them in town meeting; but these were not 
accepted. (Deane, Page 11). 

After much discussion, the town agreed, on the 24th day of 
Xovcmber, 167o, "that a committee of eight, appointed by the 
Court, with four appointed by the town, should have the sole 
management of dividing lands, and that what they should agree 
upon should be binding. The Court appointed Capt. James Cud- 
worth, Cornet Robert Stetson, Lieut. Isaac Buck, Michael Peirce, 


John Bryant, Sr., John Turner, Jr., John Damon, and Isaac 
Chittenden. The town added Charles Stockbridge, Michael 
Pierce, John Cushing and Thomas Turner. The principles 
agreed on by this committee were : 

I. " That none shall have any interest in the undivided lands 
that is not an allowed and approved inhabitant of the town of 
Scituate by acte of this committee." 

II. " All that had an ancient grant of land from the freemen 
before the surrender (that is, between 1636 and 1647), shall have 
an interest.'' 

III. " All the successors of such as had owned a house before 

IV. " The successors of such as had not received land from 
the freemen." By this, we understand such as were inhabitants 
before 1647, who had not asked for a grant, while the freemen 
had the disposal of lands in town meeting." (Deane, page 11). 

The facts have been given with as much brevity as possible and 
Deane has been quoted. 

Many pages of the old Scituate records are devoted to this 
subject and, while perhaps the following quotation from Page 121 
of Vol. 2, of said Records should have preceeded this, it is given, 
as throwing additional light on the subject: — '"By an order of 
tlie Honored Court of New Plymouth bearing date October, 
1636, the Town of Scituate was allowed and the purchasers and 
freemen were commissioned to dispose of the lands thereof for the 
accommodation of a Society or Township, and the purchasers and 
freemen did accordingly receive many inhabitants and made many 
grants of land, until the 13th day of Dec, 1647, and then, on tlie 
13th day of Dec, 1647, at a town meeting, they, the said pur- 
chasers and freemen did resign their power of disposal unto the 
whole inhabitants of the town." 

While considerable land about the Four Corners must have been 
granted by the Colony Court and by the freemen previous to 1670, 
yet, on this date, the most of the lands in Hanover which were 
embraced within the limits of Scituate were "Common Lands ; '* 
but, soon after this date, allotments were made and, before 1727, 
substantially all of said allotments had been made, many of them 
to persons who never occupied the lands and doubtless never in- 
tended to occupy it. 

After 1670, allotments were made by different committees, much 
of the land in large lots and with regularity, much of it in smaller 
lots and with irregi^lar lines. 


The Scituate records show in many cases just where the lots 
assigned were, while, in other cases, no possible clue is given. 
Even when the lots assigned were surveyed out, many surveys 
were never recorded and the records containing many of the record- 
ed surveys have been destroyed; so that, in very many cases, it is 
impossible to trace a title back to the Colony. 

As stated, committees were chosen at different times to make 
allotments and, when these allotments were made, surveyors lo- 
cated the bounds and the foDowing is a copy of two or three of 
these surveys : — 

" May 23, 1692 — Laid out to Samuel Clapp, a successor to Mr. 
Floyd, sixty acres butting on the share line, being the 6th lot of 
the 3rd allotment, beginning at the southwest corner of Joba 
Merritt's lot, then runs with said Merritt's lot east 400 rods, 
then south 25 rods, then near west 400 rods to said share line, 
then 25 rods to the first corner.'' (Eecorded vol. 2, page 221, 
Scituate records.) 

Tereaiiah Hatch 
*' Samuel Clapp 


The lot above described lies on both sides of Main street and 
is the farm which AVilliam Curtis owned at his death and the 
same wliich is now o^^ned in part by his son, George W. Curtis, 
and in part by E. 0. Damon. 

The " share line.*' which is named in so many of the allotments, 
is the westerly bound of the original town of Scituate. 

Lots the same length of the above and in most cases the same 
width, all abutting on the share line, and extending from the 
present Norwell line to Plain street, were, about 1690, allotted to 
different persons and we present a plan or map of these allotments. 
Within these allotments are the northerly part of Main street,., 
Walnut street, and a part of Webster, Union, Cedar and Plain 

The early settlers on this territory were the Baileys, Curtis',. 
Stetsons and Manns. 

Following is a fac-simile and a copy of the survey of a small 
lot, which like many similar surveys, gives to the present-day 
reader no possible information and offers no guide to the exact 
location of the lot. (Scituate records, book 2, page 38.) 

" Sittuate Aperhill the 16: 1697, the day above written laid 
oute too Steaphen Clap 2 acors of swampe land granted too said 
Steaphen Clape and one acor of It South to Tbomas Perrie which 



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The dotted line shows substantially liovv Main Street was laid out tiiroiigh 

these lots. We have given the names of the persons to whom the different 

allotments were made and in some instances the names of the present owners, 

as the latter information may be interesting to the present owners of the 

diflferent lots. 


1 i t^ T.4i i 

1 J h ^ 

Hi \s ■ \ 

4 ?"* ri <*!.'* ■? 



2 acars lyeth in a swampe neare his house beginning at a marked 
read oake in the range of Samewell witherells lott and runneth 
westward too a hornbine tree near the brook and with the brook 
southward 3 6 rods too a marked maple tree by the brookside, then 
runeth 20 rods nere east too a maple tree one the upland near his 
fathers range then runneth (Then runneth) 16 rods too tlie first 
named corner." 

Jeremiah Hatch, 
Per us Surveyers." 

Samuel Clapp, 

As showing who became the first owner of common lands at 
South Hanover, we give a summary of the survey of a parcel of 
seventy-five acres, which was alloted to Jeremiah Hatch, in 1692, 
by the Scituate committee. 

This lot (in shape like this figure) 

was bounded on the southeast and southwest by Indian Head 
river, the line after leaving the river running through the lands 
now owned by the estate of E. Y. Perry, continuing to the 
Scituate line. The northeast boundary extended across what is 
now Broadway, a few rods west of the house of Mrs. Elizabeth 
A. Pish, from the Indian Head river to the top of a " high sandy 
hill." The westerly boundary extended northerly along the 
Scituate line to near the residence of the late Benjamin B. Hall. 
(See description at the end of Land Titles.) 

While, as stated, the power to gi'ant lands seems to have been 
given to the town of Scituate, and few Colony Court grants are 
recorded after a very early date, yet the presumption is, by refer- 
ences in the Scituate records, that, for a long time, the Court 
continued to hold a reserved authority. The most of the lands in 
Hanover were granted previous to its incorporation, but even after 
1727 the Scituate committee assigned certain lands to the town 
of Hanover that were at that time within the borders of the 
latter town. 

Perhaps too much space has been given to this subject; but it 
lias been an interesting one to the writer and he has a copy of 


the original surveys of at least oue-tliird of the town. He regrets 
liis inability to present the'matter more clearly; but time is re- 
lentless, much is lost, and it is hard sometimes to understand 
the exact meaning of the early records. 

Certainly the care and patience with which these allotments and 
surveys were made, must compel our admiration, in view of the 
fact that every part of the town was covered, so that to-day there 
is probably no acre unclaimed and very few, if any, with disputed 

(Note: The following is a copy of the laying out of tlie lot to 
Jeremiah Hatch aforesaid). 

June, 1692. 

Laid out to Jere. Hatch To a. of land which lieth by the river 
called the Indian Head River having the river for the southwest- 
ward and southeastward of said land beginning at small walnut 
tree thence running near northeast and by east 160 rods to a tree 
standing on the top of a high sandy hill thence runneth near south- 
east 40 rods to the Indian Head Elver, thence with said river an 
it runneth near southwest 160 rods till the river turneth north- 
west then runneth near northwest 60 rods with said river to a 
small maple then continued the said northwest point into the 
woods 20 rods until it comes to the first named walnut which con- 
tains but 60 a. so enclosed. Then we run from said walnut being 
the cor. bound near northwest 1-2 pt. northward 90 rods to a tree 
standing on the side of a hill; then runneth over a narrow plain 
near northeast 27 rods to a stake on the side of said plain thence 
near so east 1-2 pt. southwardly to the point of beginning. 


Mostly by John F. Simmons. 

Gookins says the cuontry of the Pawkeennawkeets "for the most 
part falls within the Jurisdiction of New Plymouth." This name 
has been more commonly written Pocanockets. The Massachusetts 
lay contiguous to them on the north and there can be but little 
doubt that Hanover came within the country of the Massachusetts. 

The Massachusetts, once a powerful tribe, numbering, as one 
old warrior estimated, three thousand souls, was decimated and al- 
most extinguished by the so called plague of 1617. The exact 
nature of this plague seems to have been unknown. Even the 
oldest writers and the first comers themselves could learn but little 
of it. It is commonly termed a " plague," a generic description, 
natural to the Englishmen who had had such horrible experiences 

48 iiJ.Si'ORY OF llAXOVEU. 

in Europe with the dread disease. TJie sjjotted appearance of 
those Indians who died of it leads to tlie conjecture that possibh 
it may have been small-pox. The first-comers, at any rate, re- 
garded it as a providential dispensation, to rid the country of its 
aborigines, expressly to provide themselves with an opening for 
settlement at Plymouth. 

The Indians of the Massachusetts tribe were a tall race of men; 
spare and muscular, owing to their enforced habits of life, their 
cheek bones high, eyes black, without beard, with coarse, straight, 
black hair and a skin of that shade of brown which led them to 
be universally called liedmen. Their endurance was wonderful 
and yet it was probably excelled by the whites, who adopted, as 
did the early pioneers, their wild, free forest life. 

Barry says: " In their persons, the Indians were not talkr tlian 
the white race." Wood, in his " New England's Prospect," pub- 
lished in 1633, describes them as " black-haired, out-nosed, broad- 
shouldered, brawny-armed, long and slender-handed, out-breasted, 
small-waisted, lank-bellied, well-thighed, flat-kneed, hajulsome 
grown legs, and small feet." 

Jossel3m, also, in his " New England's Rarities," says of the 
women, " many of them have good features, all of tliem black-eyed, 
having even, short teeth and very white, their hair black, thick, 
and long, broad-breasted, handsome, straight bodies and slender, 
their limbs cleanly straight, generally plump as a partridge, and, 
saving now and then one, of a jnodest deportment." 

Their women did the useful work, the men confining their labor 
to war, hunting, and fishing, and to such arts as preparation for 
these employments made necessary. 

Barry says : " The bows, which were strong and elastic, were 
made of walnut or ash and strung with sinews of deer or moose. 
With these they could throw an arrow to a great distance and 
strike any object desired with remarkable precision. 

Their arrows were made of elder, feathered with the quills of 
eagles, and pointed with sharp stones wrought for the purpose, or 
with bones or eagles' claws. Their tomahawks were of an oblong^ 
form, sharpened to an edge and fixed to the handle by a withe 
passed around the groove formed at the head, or blunt part of 
the weapon." 

Their dwellings were not, as is usually supposed, always a prism- 
shaped wigwam or tepee. Often the lithe limbs, which formed the 
frail framework of their dwellings, were gracefully bent into a 
bow, or arch-shaped roof. This, covered with mats or boughs, 


made a far more coniniodious dwelling-place than the 
sharp-pointed tepee whicK is so often pictured. The old 
prints, when depicting the dwellings of the Indians, are more apt 
to give this rounded form of habitation than the other. in fact, 
it is stated by an old authority that the pointed tent-like wigwam 
was usually that of the lazy or poorer Indian. The larger, rounded 
shape belonged to the Sachem and the better class of Eedman. 
These larger houses often were of such size as to require two or 
more smoke holes in the roof. One of these houses, for they are 
almost worthy of the name, was seen, by an old authority, to be one 
hundred feet long and thirty feet broad. Such an one, would of 
course, hold several families. 

The furnishings of the larger-class houses were of the most 
primitive style. A few cooking utensils and the wide fireplace, 
with the sleeping place, comprised the whole. The bed was usu- 
ally raised a foot from the floor and was, in the more luxurious 
houses, made of boards split from the tree, covered with boughs, 
or ferns, and skins, those made not uncomfortable places for rest. 

The cooking utensils were of the most primitive sort. Wlien 
the white men first came, the earthen or clay pot was most com- 
mon ; but the new-comers' iron or copper kettles were prizes which 
the average recbnan longed to obtain. Wooden utensils, dug or 
burned from the block were common and cumbersome. Bark and 
woven, or basket-like implements were made with surprising skill. 
"With birch bark and a very common sort of knife, an Indian, in a 
short time, could manufacture a small square box which was water- 
tight and their baskets, woven from " splits," or rushes, and 
plastered with gum, were as water-tight as a modem pail and 
much lighter. 

The origin of the American Indian, a subject of long continued 
discussion among ethnologists, is as much a matter of doubt as 
ever. The later learning lets in no light upon the solution of the 
problem. It has, however, removed, or shown to be untenable, 
some of the conceptions of the earlier theorizers. 

Probably the most largely diffused theory up to twenty-five years 
ago was the Asiatic. According to its advocates, a migration to 
this continent from Asia across Behring Strait brought hither the 
first Aborigines; or, it has been surmised, a possible shipwreck 
on our Pacific Coast of some Mongolian crew first started man 
upon this hemisphere. 

Although it has been demonstrated, by an actual occurrence, 
that a small Asian ship might have been blown across the Pacific, 


yet the improbabilities are too great and the argument against 
such an origin for our Aborigines seems unanswerable. Nor does 
the Behring Straits explanation appear any more satisfactory. 
The discovery in recent times of an apparently unclassifiable race 
of Alaskan Indians, resembling in some particulars the Asiatics 
and in others the Indians of North America, was thought to give 
additional strength to the Behring Sea contention, as being a con- 
necting link between the two races, lying directly in the pathway 
of the supposed migratory movement. But further study of the 
ethnological characteristics have shown such divergence of racial 
habits, speech, and physical formation, that the new race of Alas- 
kans must, according to the better scientific opinion, be regarded 
as a barrier rather than a connecting link. 

Nor can light be thrown upon the problem by the study of 
philology, or of craniology, or of comparative anatomy. The races 
now upon this continent differ among themselves in such impor- 
tant particulars in all these departments of study and possess so 
little resemblance in any of them, that the task of discovering 
their origin from the other side of the world seems hopeless. The 
only particulars in which all of the Aboriginal races of the 
Americas resemble each other are the universally black, straight 
hair and the polysyuthetical character of their various tongues. 

The first contact of the Indian witli Eastern civilization upon 
this continent spelled destruction for him. A century of dishonor, 
as it has been not inaptly called, seems to have developed, in more 
recent years, the long-slumbering adaptibility of the redman to 
the new conditions of life which white civilization has forced upon 
him and the latest census show that the Indian race is increasing. 
No longer can the romancer depict the proud yet unyielding 
chieftain grieving over the dying council fires of his race. A 
new era for the redman seems dawning, as he has at last learned 
how to take advantage of the tardy but persistently philanthropic 
efforts of the United States Government to help upward the race 
which the white man's ignorance and negligence have for so many 
miserable years ground down to the dust and decay of an imwar- 
ranted death. 

Although the American Indians are commonly designated no- 
madic the tribe which made Hanover a part of its domain was 
not nomadic in the sense that the Arabs are. These Massachusetts 
tribes had habitations substantial, perpetual. They clustered in 
villages, the location of which was determined by some of the 
necessities of the tribal life; frequently the character of the soil, 


which must be light in order to meet the requirements of then- 
crude tools of tillage; or the vicinity of a pond, which from iU 
finny denizens or the wandering fowl which it lured, furnished 
food as well as fertilizing agents for their crops. Sometimes the 
whole village would move toward the shore in the summer and 
return again in the fall, aboriginal forerunners of our modern 
summer travellers. Sometimes a village would move temporarily 
to the banks of a stream, to take advantage of the incoming from 
the sea of the herring. 

The territory of Hanover seems never to have been the habitat 
of any tribe, as the evidence seems to show was the case of the 
territory about the ponds in Pembroke and other parts of the 
county of Plymouth. But temporary camps and places of resort 
for burial or for the making of arrow or spear-heads or canoe 
building may have been and probably were used from time to 
time within our own territorial limits. 

The friendly Indians, who were here when the town was incor- 
porated, remained here, themselves or their descendants, for many 
years. People whose recollection goes back into the first quarter 
of the last century probably remember some of these redmen and 
certainly they have seen their dwelling places and relics. Some of 
these Indians lived on the so-called " Bank land," west of King 
street, and some on or near Main street, near the house of J. How- 
ard Brooks. Mrs. Helen M. Priest, wlio lives opposite Mr. 
Brooks, recalls the fact that her grandmother well remembered at 
least one family who lived in this neighborhood. One, George 
Toto had his wigwam on land now owned by Mrs. Stephen Bowker. 

Here he lived with his wife, Mary, a few rods from where stood 
the barn now gone and in the adjacent low ground was " Toto's 
well," a shallow watering-place the Indian had used. Barry thinks 
George was the son of Mercy Toto and a brother of Rhoda and 
perhaps of Sarah, who married James Sill in 1764. Eev. Benj. 
Bass speaks of baptising Mercy Toto, an Indian woman, also 
George Toto her son, and Rhoda Toto her daughter. 

On Pine Island near Hanover street, lived two Indians in the 
eighteentli century who were called King Dick and Queen Daphne. 

The so-called Indian burial-grounds are scattered about town in 
several places. One is said to have been on Pine Island. Barry 
tells the remarkable story that the graves here were visible until 
the hurricane of 1815, since which all trace of them has disap- 
peared. The presence of Indian burial-grounds is often alleged, 
because arrow heads or other Indian utensils are found there. 



The presence of a camping-place would seem, in most cases to be 
a more rational explanation; but the mind given to a survey oi! 
tradition revels in the occult and a superstitious reason is often 
believed, where the facts, if given, would be discredited. 

Another Indian burial-place is said to have existed on land for- 
merly of Thomas Simmons at Assinippi, back of the Assinippi 
Hall lot; and Barry notes that some of the people known as '" Old " 
in 1850 remembered the last burial which took place there. An- 
other Indian cemetery is located by Barry rather unspecifically, in 
" Eocky Swamp."' 

Many arrow and spear-heads of stone have recently been found 
in the grounds near the residence of the late Andrew Priest, on 
Main street. 

Old Peter resided at the Centre on land owned by Turner Stet- 
son. Peg's swamp is named after his wife, who was a negro, and 
who died in 1815, aged eighty-seven years. She lived in a house 
on Centre street located where the Albert Stetson house was after- 
wards built. 

An Indian woman named Joanna married during the Eevolu- 
tion a Hessian deserter named John Fredericks, who came to 
Hanover and lived here. 

Even to this day (1905) arrow-heads, spear-heads, pestles, and 
broken hatchets, or tomahawks, are picked up or turned up by the 
plow in many places. On the hillside sloping toward North river 
at Union Bridge, on the Norwell side, is one prolific field. Another 
is on the Scooset road in Pembroke. 

Benjamin L. Stetson and J. Howard Brooks both have collec- 
tions of these relics. John Tower in his life time also had a large 
collection. He could find these relics anywhere. He had the in- 
stinct of Thoreau. It was said of the latter that he was walking 
in the fields with a friend, when the latter said " I can never find 
an Indian arrow head. Will you go with me sometime and find 
one for me ?" Thoreau replied : '^es, willingly," and, brushing 
the earth with the toe of his boot, stooped and picked one up and, 
handing it to his companion, said, " There is one now." 

(Note:) The following is taken from Mitchells history of 
Bridgewater; the westerly part of Hanover was then a part of 

" 1676 a vote was called to see what should be done with the 
money that was made of the Indians that were sold last and it 
was voted that the soldiers that took them should have it." 



Ecclesiastical History. 
By John F. Simmons. 

The legal character of the movement of the Separatists from Ley- 
den to the shores of America, whatever its moral or religious 
bearing may have been, was that of a simple trading venture. Tlie 
sinews of the voyage, without which the migration would have been 
impossible, were furnished by English merchants, who, in return 
for the transportation hither of the little flock and the expense 
necessarily attending their removal, expected fish and pelts and 
other products of the new country to be shipped to them. From 
this venture, as it was constantly called, these English undertakers 
of the movement expected not only a return of the capital furnished, 
but a handsome profit also. The Pilgrims, as they rightfully called 
themselves, were compelled to take this metliod of travel, owing to 
their own poverty. It was an exhibition of shrewd trading ability, 
thus compelling Mammon to serve the Lord, which has been per- 
petuated in their descendants, and has come to be known as 
^'Yankee shrewdness." 

These forerunners of the later Yankees were true to the repu- 
tation which their descendants have earned. The English ad- 
venturers, as those who backed the venture were called, lost money, 
while the Pilgrims succeeded in their part of the bargain; for they 
reached the haven they sought. 

They came for religious reasons. At home, they were harassed 
in their religious beliefs and ceremonies. At Leyden they were 
given freedom in these particulars ; but their environment was 
inimical to the highest religious life and to the proper rearing of 
their children. 

In coming here, they sought not, as poetry and too often history, 
also has claimed, freedom to worship God. Their primary object, 
equally commendable, was freedom to live a religious life, true to 
their own beliefs, where no hostile surroundings could mar its per- 

This is the consistent explanation of the subsequent unwillingness 


of the Colony to suffer Anabaptists and Quakers to gain foothold 
among them. 

These schismatics had as perfect a right to their own beliefs and 
forms of worship as had the Pilgrims themselves. The Plymouth 
Colony did not wish to interfere with either, in the abstract. Their 
objection and the cause of the exclusion of these troublesome 
intruders, was that, as they had sought these shore to be free from 
intrusion, they wished to keep themselves so. 

If others wished to live different religious lives, they should do as 
the Pilgrims did in similar circumstances: seek a location where 
they would interfere with no one, and where no one would interfere 
with them. The Pilgrim fathers were Saparatists or, as a later 
movement of a political character was called, Secessionists ; and, like 
the Secessionists of 1860, all they asked was to be let alone. 

This position was certainly consistent and reasonable, and was 
not the result of bigotry. It was exclusive; but a nation or a 
municipality has a right to be exclusive. It is a right which is 
recognized to-day in America and enforced in the Chinese exclusion 

Then let no one accuse the Pilgrims of Plymouth of bigotry, 
religious or civil. They were only exercising that right which is 
destined to become soon a right recognized by our highest juris- 
prudence, the right of privacy applied to a community. 

The peculiar cause of their migration and its religious nature 
made it almost imperative that their civil government, while dem- 
ocratic in form, should be, in essence, theocratic. The church and 
state were so closely united from the first that the reply of Louis 
XIV. "L'etat? C'est moi," might have been translated, for the 
Plymouth Colony, "The State ? It is the Church." 

The support of the Church was, in their polity, as much a civic 
^uty as the support of schools or contributions for the common de- 
fense, or any other function of civil government. 

Thus we find, at the very outset, provision made for taxes for the 
support of the ministry. The reason given for the necessity of 
establishing our town as a separate town was a religious reason. 
(See act of incorporation.) 

^t. Andrew's Church. 

Massachusetts was settled in the seventeenth century by those 
who rebelled against the doctrines and discipline of the Church of 
p]ngland. The American successor of that Church is the 
Protestant Episcopal Church. It is not strange that the Episcopal 


Cimrcli made slow headway in the colonies. It was not until 1735 
that, so far as we can leaTn, any attempt was made in IMymouth 
Colony to hold services under th'e form of the Episcopal Church. 

The first record of such service was in Scituate, in 1725. The 
Society for the Propagation of the Gospel in Foreign parts, the 
oldest Missionary Society in Cliristendom, having received its 
charter, June 16, 1701, from King William I. of England, sent its 
missionaries into this territory from time to time, one of whom was 
Rev. Ebenezer Miller, S. T. D. He is said to have held services, 
at various times, in Scituate, in private houses, with good audiences. 
The dates he does not give, but it was prior to 1731. 

But, in 1725, a little unpleasantness between the Rev. Mr. Bourn, 
then the minister of the north parish in Scituate, and Lieut. Daman, 
one of his parishioners, resulted in a service of the Church of Eng- 
land being actually held in the north parish meeting-house. It 
seems that Mr. Bourne was absent from home and had, apparently, 
left his flock unprovided with a preacher, Lieut Daman "and an- 
other gentleman of large estate" invited Rev. Timothy Cutler to 
come to Scituate and preacli. The Rev. Doctor with several at- 
tendants came and, to the great scandal of many of the good parish- 
ioners, held, on the 25th day of July, 1725, in the Xorth Church, 
a service in the form of the Church of England. That this was 
done seems to have been a great source of gratification to the Epis- 
copalians of the time, and an equal source of dismay to the good 
church members in Scituate. 

For, upon their return to Boston, either the Rev. Doctor or some 
of his attendants could not refrain from heralding to all the people 
the success of their meeting, and some of them published a very 
complaisant account of the service in the Boston Gazette, congratu- 
lating themselves upon the eminent respectability of the gentlemen 
who had invited them, the goodly numbers who had been present at 
the service, and the consequently happy prospects for their church 
in Scituate. 

Human nature in Scituate in those times closely resembled the 
human nature of to-day and, of course, this trumpet blast of 
triumpli could not be allowed to go unanswered. 

The other newspaper, "The Boston News I^etter," was used as a 
means of conveying to the public a "coxmter statement from a Scit- 
uate gentlemen." This article denied that any principal in- 
habitants of tlie town had invited the Rev. Doctor, and stated as fact 
"that only three men of Scituate, a number of disaffected men from 
neighboring towns, and about forty school boys" constituted the 


whole audience. The letter bore underneath the signature the 
words "By authority." And now the contest waxed warmer and 
extended into high places. "Dr. Cutler complained to the Gover- 
nor and Council demanding justice and protection." This would 
seem, in consideration of the size of the offense, to be a large 

But the Governor and Council acted upon this tempest in a teapot 
and, on the second of September, 1735, passed the following order. 

"Whereas inconveniences have once and again arisen to the Gov- 
ernment, by several matters being printed in the newspapers and 
said to be published by authority, which have never been known 
by the Government nor offered for their approbation, therefore 
advised — that the Lieutenant Governor give his orders to the several 
publishers of the several newspapers, not to insert in their papers 
those words *by authority,' or words of the like import, for the 

"J. WiLLARD, Secretary." 

The Doctor seems to have had the best of this controversy, 
and the work of encouraging the church in the Plymouth Colony 
went bravely but slowly on. Dr. Miller's efforts were so far 
crowned with success that, in October 11, 1731, he officiated at the 
opening of the first Episcopal Church in Plymouth Colony, called 
then and now St. Andrew's. At this service he baptized eight 

The church edifice was at the Central part of Church Hill in 
Scituate, now ISTorwell, near the Hanover Four Corners. This 
chu»ch was small, seating about one hundred and fifty people. It 
had a low belfry and a bell. The windows had diamond-shaped 
glass set in lead, and at the top were in the form of a gothic arch. 
There were three on each side. The church was enlarged in 1753. 
It was once struck by lightning, without material damage, and, in 
1811, was taken down, when the church-home of this church was 
removed to a new edifice at the Four Corners, which is still (1905) 
standing and in use. It is an excellent model of colonial church 

"In 1810," says Barry, "owing to difficulties in the First Parish 
in Hanover, some of the members .left and joined the Episcopal 
Church." Desiring a church more conveniently located, it was 
suggested that the Society should build a new church. No one was 
averse to this, provided the expense of building it should not fall on 
the parish, and, at a meeting of the parish held April 24, 1810, it 
was "Voted, that the Society are willing to attend public worship 


in Hanover, provided individuals will build a new church in said 

The new church was built. It cost $5,000. Capt. Albert 
Smith and Melzar Curtis were the contractors who erected it. 
It has been twice remodeled. The spire was first changed and, 
again at a more recent date, another lightning stroke made a second 
remodeling of the spire necessary. The second spire, straight and 
tall, came gracefully to a point at the top. The present spire was 
designed by Stringer and Brigham of Boston, in 1880. It is 
shaped like a dome, surmounted by a tapering spindle which is 
contracted like a wine glass near the dome. 

This church was the first church in Massachusetts to be con- 
secrated by Bishop Griswold. 

The church, from the small beginnings spoken of, has lasted, 
with more or less interruption, during the dark days of the Revolu- 
tion, up to the present day, and is still flourishing and increasing. 
It had no legal existence, however, until it was incorporated as St. 
Andrew's Parish, in 1797, Charles Bailey and Thomas Barstow, Jr., 
being then the wardens. 

The records of the church prior to 1780 have been lost. 

One of the early difficulties, against which this and all but the 
original Orthodox churches had to contend, was the parish tax. 
Churchmen disliked to contribute to churches which they could not 
attend, owing to differences of religious opinion. It was early the 
habit to remit these taxes to churchmen, a very liberal method of 
making religious liberty practical. In the south parish in Scit- 
uate, in 17-11, this was done under the head of "contingent 

Another hardship in the growth of this parish was brought about 
by the Eevolution. The litany, which demanded prayers for the 
King, could scarcely be expected to meet with favor or to escape 
bitter opposition among patriots who were making the sacrifices 
which the followers of the Declaration of Independence were daily 
making for the sake of political separation. The consequences 
were only such as always occur in such cases; but they caused a 
retardation of the growth, and a decline in the prosperity of St. 
Andrews; and the church was often without a rector, and the ser- 
vices during the war were intermittent. 

At the end of Mr. Davenport's charge, it is said that there were 
but three regular partakers of the Holy Communion. Mr, 
Thompson, the rector from 17G2-75, is said to have died "partly 
from bodily disorder and partly from uncivil treatment from the 


rebels of his neighborhood." One is constrained to remark that 
treatment which was even a partial cause of death, must have been 
very euphemistically spoken of as merely "uncivil," 

Mr. Deane says, "Mr. Brockwell, born in England, and a 
graduate of Cambridge in England, was the first clergyman who 
officiated for any length of time at St. iVndrew's. Barry and the 
historical address of Kev. Dr. W. H. Brooks put Mr. Broekwell after 
Mr. Davenport. 

The members of St. Andrew's sent an earnest request to the 
Society for the Propagation of the Gospel in Foreign Parts to send 
them a missionary. In 1733, Rev. Addington Davenport was 
sent them, with an allowance of sixty pounds per year from the 
Society, and a further allowance of books for libraries and de- 
votional books for distribution among the poorer members, Mr. 
Davenport remained rector for three years. His ministry was a 
time of struggle. Troubles about church taxes arose, and arrests- 
of churchmen for non-payment were not infrequent. 

With the true missionary spirit, Mr. Davenport showed his 
interest in the new and struggling Society of his chosen faith, by 
giving, at his decease, in 1743, to the Society for the Propagation of 
the Gospel in Foreign Parts, in trust forever, for the use of the 
ministers of St. Andrew's Church in Scituate, his residence here, 
consisting' of seven acres of land with dwelling house, barn, and 
other buildings thereon. By authority of the Legislature, this 
land was sold, in 1817, and the sum of $466.69 was realized there- 
for. This and other funds and gifts amounted in all, in 1849, to 
$2,589.90 ; and this was used in building the rectory, now standing 
on Washington street, Hanover, nearly opposite the junction of 
Oakland avenue. It was for the first time occupied on July 13, 

Mr. Davenport, as was the universal custom in the early days, 
was a college man. He graduated at Harvard University in the 
class of 1719, and he also received a degree from Oxford University 
in England. 

Eev, Charles Broekwell, who, according to Mr. Deane, was the 
first preacher, although not the first regularly settled rector, suc- 
ceeded Mr, Davenport, remaining from 1737 till early in 1739, 
when he went to Salem, in response to a call from the latter place. 

No regular rector was again appointed until 1743, when at the 
request of people in Scituate, Hanover, Pembroke, and Marshfield, 
the Society in England re-established the mission, donating there- 
for forty pounds per year; and Rev, Ebenezer Thompson became 


rector, remaining so until his death, at the age of sixty-four, 
November 28th, 1775. The^cause of his death lias been alluded to 
above. He lived at the Davenport place until two or three years 
before his death, when he removed to another residence at Church 
Hill. It was during his ministry that the old church edifice at 
Church Hill was enlarged. His widow survived him until 1813 
thirty-eight years, and both lie buried in the old Church Hill 
Cemetery. "He is spoken of as a prudent, worthy minister, 
pleasing and interesting in his conversation and general deport- 
ment." He was born, and, until he came to Scituate, had lived in 
New Haven, Connecticut. He had nine children. A grand 
daughter was the wife of Dr. Freeman Foster. Another married' 
John Barstow of Hanover and, later, of Providence, who has shown 
his interest in his native town and her institutions in many notable - 

During the years of the Eevolution, the sentiment of the 
neighborhood was strong against anything which smacked *so much 
of loyalty to the King as did the services of this church. 

Edward Winslow, however, served as rector in 1775 and 1776, 
and then the services were practically discontinued. Between 
1780 and 1782, however, Rev. Samuel Parker occasionally held 
service here, and a regular rector again took charge, in May 15,.. 
1783, in the person of Pev. William W. Wheeler, who remained 
here until his death, January 14, 1810, at the age of seventy-five. 
During this time, he rendered occasional service to the churches at 
Marshfield and at 'J'aunton. His wife was Jane Thompson, daugh- 
ter of'the former rector, Pev. Ebenezer Thompson, who died July 
30th, 1821, age sixty-four. During Mr. Parker's service, Josej^h 
Donnell, of Hanover, was one of the wardens, and among the ves- 
trymen the following Hanover men appeared: Elijah Curtis,. 
Thomas Stockbridge, Mordicai Ellis, Stephen Bailey, and Benjamin. 

The next year the new church at Hanover was dedicated, and Pcv. 
Joab Goldsmith was its first rector. He retired from service in- 

Two years later, Pev. Calvin Wolcott, or Woolcot, of Gloucester^. 
was called. He resigned in 1834. While here, for a j^ear, he was 
principal of Hanover Academy. He was born in Williamsburg,. 
April 27, 1787, and died in New York, January 21, 1861. In 1811 
he married Sarah Gardner of Dan vers, a lineal descendant of Gen. 
Israel Putman of Revolutionary fame. He entered Phillips An- 
dover Academy, August 12th, 1809, but left it in 1811 and studied 


theology under Bishop Griswold. His first charge was St. Andrew's 
in Hanover. 

After leaving Hanover, he officiated in the churches in Otis and 
Blandford in Western Massachusetts, was rector of Christ Church 
in Quincy and in Hopkinton, Vermont, leaving there about 1844. 
For some years he served as general agent of the American Bible 
."Society, in Massachusetts and in Virginia. In 1850, he became 
assistant to his old friend, Dr. Stephen H. Tyng, of St. George's, 
INew York, and resigned, owing to failing health, nine years later. 
He had taught school in what is now Norwell, and in the attic of 
his own house, at the corner of Broadway and Oakland avenue, he 
had a private school at one time. Two of his sons, Samuel G. and 
Asa G., became physicians of some prominence and another, George 
T., taught for a short time at Hanover Academy. Eev. David 
Barnes Ford's History of Hanover Academy says, "He was a 
* * * very nervous man, and was at times very severe in his 
punishments '■•' * * and yet * * * his scholars, almost 
without exception, liked him and loved him." 

Eev. Samuel G. Appleton was rector from 1835 until November, 
1838. During his incumbency of the rectorate, the church pur- 
chased a new organ. He was succeeded by Eev. Eliazer A. Green- 
leaf, who, in 1S41, gave place to Eev. Samuel G. Cutler, who first 
occupied the rectory referred to above. This was Mr. Cutler's only 
•charge during his life. His service ended in 1873, and he died, 
July 17, 1880. 

Mr. Cutler was born in Xewburyport, May 12, 1805. He was the 
son of Samuel and Lydia (Prout) Cutler. In his earlier years, he 
•engaged in business in Portland, Maine, and in Boston, but at the 
.age of twenty-nine he began his preparation for the ministry and, 
five years later, took charge of St. Andrew's, in Hanover. After 
serving there from November, 1841, to March, 1873, over thirty 
years, he relinquished the work and retired to Boston, where he 
died. He was buried at Hanover, at the cemetery at the Centre. 

During his pastorate, the Country passed through the stress and 
turmoil of Civil War. Pie was deeply interested in the conduct 
of the Hanover Academy, now gone out of existence as an active 
school, fo]' a score of years serving as president of the Board of 
Trustees. Eev. David Barnes Ford in his "History of Hanover 
Academy" says of Mr. Cutler, he "was a man in whose character 
•and conduct there was nothing light or frivolous. Life, right, and 
duty were with him very serious matters. His regard for real 
attainments and solid worth made him averse to all pretence and 

cm i;ii? OF TFTF SAfnicn iii;Ai;r 



show aud insincerity. From a course which seemed right to his^ 
conscientious convictions, notliing could deter him nor turn hint 
aside. Evidence of this may be seen in the partial change of his. 
ecclesiastical relations which, in his later years, he felt it his duty 
to make, yet at a cost whose greatness cannot be easily imagined." 

He wrote a number of small volumes. The most noted was-; 
entitled "The Name Above Every Name." 

Mr. Cutler was succeeded by Eev. William Henry Brooks, S. T.. 
D., April 14th, 1872, who came here from Webster, Mass., and 
remained until November 1, 1888, when he removed to Boston^ 
While here, he was a member of the school committee, and a repre- 
sentative to the Great and General Court. For thirty-four years- 
he was secretary of the Massachusetts Diocesan Convention, and for 
sixteen years president of the Trustees of Hanover Academy. He^ 
was private secretary of Bishop Phillips Brooks during hi&. 
Episcopate and, afterward, secretary of Bishop Lawrence. 

He was born in Baltimore, Maryland, January 11th, 1831. He: 
graduated from Episcopal Theological Seminary in Virginia, in-. 
1852, and was later given the honorary degree of S. T. D. He was-- 
ordained in the historic Christ Church in Alexandria, Virginia, of 
which Washington had been a vestryman. His various charges- 
have been, in their order, Newark, Delaware; Lenox, Massachu- 
setts; Brockport, New York; Plymouth and Webster, Massachu- 
setts, and Hanover. 

At the dedication of the soldiers' monument in Hanover, Dr^ 
Brooks was president of the day and published the proceedings, in* 
full, in pamphlet form. He was a very popular man in town, as- 
his offices attest. His genial, social qualities endeared him to all 
men, whether communicants at his church or not. He died ia 
Boston, in 1900, leaving one son, William Gray Brooks, a practising- 
lawyer. He prepared an "Historical Address," giving a full 
history of his church in Hanover. His interest in things historical 
caused him to bring to light a most interesting document, illustrat- 
ing the change which time works in the views of mankind. It is> 
a subscription paper with a long list of names, the "sums set, 
against" which were for the purpose of purchasing lottery tickets,, 
of which the proceeds, if any accrued, were to be devoted to the- 
support of the Gospel in St. Andrew's parish, in Hanover. 

Dr. Brooks' successor in the rectorate was Pev. Frank S. Harra- 
den, who, coming here May 1st, 1889, married a daughter of one of 
Hanover's citizens, Miss Eliza Salmond Sylvester, (daughter of 
Edmund Q. Sylvester, deceased) and was, until his death, July 29,. 


1905, the rector of St. Andrew's. He occupied the Eectory several 
years and, afterwards, lived in the house formerly occupied by his 
wife's grandmother, Eliza, the widow of Samuel Salmond, which 
stands on the westerly side of Washington street, Just south from 
the Four Corners. 

Mr. Harraden was a native of Concord, N. H. He was son of 
Timothy Augustus and Caroline A. (Sanborn) Harraden. He 
took his A. B. degree from Trinity College, Conn., 1867, and his 
A. M. in 1870. From 1867 to 1874, he was head Master of Ury 
House School for boys, at Philadelphia, and was ordained to the 
Diaconate, in 1872, by Bishop Niles of New Hampshire, and to the 
Priesthood, in 1876. He became rector of Trinity Church at 
Tilton, N. H., where he remained for two years. In 1878-9 he was 
rector of St. John's Church in East Boston. Subsequently until 
1881, he was connected with the Episcopal City Mission in Boston 
and, from time to time, until he was called to St. Andrew's, he 
ministered to the parishes of St. John's at Framingham and St. 
Paul's at Natick, Mass. 

He married Lizzie Helen Carr,, who died at Hanover, March 9, 
1891. His second marriage to Miss Sylvester occurred June 8, 
1893. Mr. Harraden died at Hanover, after a long and painful 
illness, July 30, 1905. His successor is the Eeverend Joseph 

Eev. Joseph Dinzey, the son of Sir Eichard and Eliza (Peterson) 
Dinzey, was born. May 18, 1833, on the island of St. Bartholomew, 
in the West Indies. Until he was fifteen years of age, his educa- 
tion was obtained in the West Indies. Then he was, for three 
years, at Burlington College, N. J. and, afterward, four years at St. 
Augustine's Missionary College, Canterbury, England. 

He was ordained deacon, February 14, 1857, in St. John's 
Cathedral, Antigua, and was made priest, in 1858, by the Et. Eev. 
Stephen J, Eigaud. From February, 1857, to July, 1859, he was 
curate at St. George's Church, Basseterre, St. Kitts. Then, for 
one year he was minister in charge of the United parishes of St. 
Mary's, Cayon, and Christ Church, Nicola Town, St. Kitts. From 
August, 1860, to December, 1861, he was assistant minister at the 
Cathedral of St. John, and rector of St. Luke's, Antigua. 

Unable to endure the climate longer, he resigned his pastorate in 
Antigua and went to England, where he became successively min- 
ister in charge of the parish of Axminster, Devon, and first curate, 
Weybridge, Surrey. Temporarily he was chaplain of the English 
Church in Stockholm, Sweden, and the English Church in St. 


Petersburg, Russia. After his return to England, he went to 
Canada. For two years he was curate at St. Catherine's, Ontario, 
and an equal length of time at Woodstock, Diocese of Fredericton, 
X. B. and, for one year and ten months, rector at Richmond, in the 
same diocese. 

Then followed fourteen years of service as rector and in educa- 
tional work, in Compton, Quebec. He was principal and chaplain 
of "The Compton Lady's College" for the higher education of the 
daughters of the church, •with, a staff of eight resident teachers. 

Next as rector at Eastport, he remained six years. While here, 
as well as while at Richmond, he built several new churches, a 
rectory, parish-house, and otherwise increased the material pros- 
perity of his charge. 

In October, 1891, he became rector of the Church of the Mes- 
siah, at Wood's Hole, Massachusetts, and remained there four years. 
Three months as substitute for Dean Sells, at the Cathedral, Port- 
land, Maine, was followed by three years as assistant rector at the 
Church of the Good Sheplierd, in Boston, and fourteen months as 
acting rector, at St. Mark's, Leominster. February 1st to August 
1st, 1905, he had charge of the parish of St. Andrew's, during the 
illness of the rector, Mr. Harraden, upon whose death, Mr. Dinzey 
was unanimously elected rector. 

July 16, 1867, he married Louisa Tower, widow of Dr. Charles 
Bowen, assistant surgeon to Lord Raglan during the Crimean War. 
She died, December 15th, 1903, at Hanover. He has two children; 
Ethel, now living with her father at Hanover, and x\my, wife of 
Albert L. Sylvester, of Hanover. 

The Universalist Society. 

Although the church of this society stands about two rods outside 
of the town limits, north of its northern boundary, yet so closely 
have it and its members been identified with the history of the town 
that both Barry and the Plymouth County History have included 
within their pages an account of the beginning and growth of what 
is now legally known as "The First Universalist Society in 

The doctrines of John Murray and the Ballous early found favor 
among the people of Hanover and the adjoining towns. In 1766, a 
movement was begun to form the society we are now considering. 
To understand the opposition which met the petitioners, we must 
consider the religious situation as it then existed. He who lived 
in any of the New England towns, at that date, was forced to con- 


tribute of his worldly goods, not only to the support of the public 
oflBces, conveniences, and safeguards, but none might hope to escape 
the rendering of tithes for the support of religon. Each town 
levied taxes for its own purposes, and also for the support and main- 
tenance of the parishes within its territorial limits. If those 
parishes supported churches whose creeds were Calvinistic, as most 
of them were, each householder therein must, under penalty of law, 
contribute to the support of the preaching of the doctrine of eternal 
damnation, whether he believed in it or not. 

So, when these Universalists who saw a new light, as they believed, 
wished to set up here a new church and a new parish, they could 
not thereby escape their legal obligations to support the opposite 
doctrines in the towns where their residence happened to be. They 
could have their faith preached, they were not debarred from 
holding their meetings wherever and whenever they chose ; but the . 
law would not, without special act, erect a new parish to draw sup- 
port for a new church from the parishes already established. 

As these ancestors of ours felt little inclined to spend their 
substance in upholding two church organizations, they began, in 
1766, the agitation referred to. 

The first petition on record was made by the inhabitants in the 
northerly part of Hanover, to be set off as a new parish, and nothing 
was said of any change of faith. The petition was unfavorably 
acted upon. 

Undismayed, the petitioners renewed their efforts in the follow- 
ing year, this time going to the General Court for their rights. 
When they arrived before the Legislature, they were met by an 
opposing committee chosen by the town, and came back without 

Again, in 1771, they renewed their contest for what seems to us 
of the present day to be a right which they should never have been 
compelled to ask. Again they failed. 

With the spirit of their Pilgrim ancestors, the Universalist peti- 
tioners, still undaunted, proceeded to erect a meeting-house. Just 
when it was built is not now known; but it was occupied in 1792, 
for, in that year, the town, with what now seems a fine sarcasm, 
voted to permit Mr. Mellen to preach a few Sabbaths in the house 
which the petitioners had erected in Scituate; and Mr. Mellen was 
the Orthodox minister ! 

Success crowned their efforts in 1812, when the Legislature 
incorporated them as an "Universalist Society." The members at 
that time were : ». 


Enock Collamore Stephen Jacobs 

Loring Jacobs ^ Elislia Barrell, Jr. 

Ichabod 11. Jacobs • 'Samuel Itandall, Jr. 

John Jones, Jr. Joshua Damon 

Calvin Wilder lilbenezer Tolman 

James II. Jacobs Jonathan Turner 

Charles Tolman Enoch Collamore, Jr. 

Charles Jones Benjamin Bowker 

Isaac X. Damon John Gross 

Joshua Bowker Josiah Witherell 

James Jacobs Samuel Simmons 

Abel Sylvester John Jones 

Charles Simmons Perez Simmons 

Setli Stoddard George Litchfield 

Elisha Gross Ecu ben Sutton 

William Hyland Elisha Barrell 

David Turner Edward F. Jacobs 

Theophihis Cortherell Edward Curtis 

In all, thirty-seven sturdy, prosperous, reliable citizens of their 
neighborhood. This was one of the first churches of this faith to 
be established in Plymouth County. Its members have been resi- 
dents of Scituate, South Scituate, (now Norwell), Hanover, 
Hingham, Duxbury, Plymouth, and other towns. 

This new parish was technically called a Poll Parish. The 
corporators and their estates were taxed for church purposes in the 
new parish so long as they annually employed a minister; all other 
members of the parish were taxed in the old parish as before. They 
could, however, become members of the new parish and escape the 
old taxes by being formally admitted and then the certificate each 
received, when filed with the clerk of the old parish, released him 
from his obligations there. Later parishes of this faith sprung 
up and built churches in Hingham, Weymouth, Abington, Hanson, 
Halifax, Bridgewater, Duxbury and Plymouth. This society may 
well claim to be the parent of many of these. 

It is interesting to note the persistency of the New England 
blood. Among the original corporators, the number of genera- 
tions who have continued to worship here vary. Loring Jacobs, 
counting the children of Percy H. Litchfield, five generations; 
Ichabod P. Jacobs, four; John Jones, five; John Gross, thi'ee; 
Edward F. Jacobs, four; and Joshua Simmons (although he was 
not a corporator), and five generations of his descendants have here 
attended church. 


Universalism, including in that term the so-called Restorationists, 
was a protest against the horrors of the Calvinistic Hell, with its 
never ending torments. It is probable that many of the origina- 
tors of this church were rather Eestorationists than believers in a 
state of immediate happiness. 

The picture of the first church edifice which stood where the 
present building stands, is drawn from descriptions given of it. 
There is no known drawing from the actual building extant. Tt 
had neither steeple nor bell. No stove warmed the cheerless 
interior. No blinds or colored glass tempered the rays of the 
penetrating summer sun. The gallery, which ran around three 
sides of it, had only benches, no pews. No organ pealed through 
its unplastered interior. The pulpit, from which John Murray's 
stern defiance of orthodoxy had rung, was raised high above the 
pews. No paint polluted the natural color of the wood of its 
construction, on the interior, and its exterior was covered with the 
native shingles, which needed no paint. The choir, high in the 
loft opposite the pulpit, sang out the old long-metre hymns witn 
the aid of no instrumental accompaniment, except a violin and a 
bass viol. 

Barry's description of it is worth repeating here. It was "two 
stories high; the roof pitching east and west, with a porch on the 
east extending from the ground to the eaves, having doors in front 
and on each side of the same, with stairways within leading to the 
galleries. There were doors on the north and south ends of the 
house, at about its centre, and two rows of windows, the lower row 
lighting the body of the house and the upper, the galleries." 

Let us pause a moment and consider what building this church 
meant to the farmers who undertook it, in the last quarter of the 
18th century. It had no cellar, but its foundation stones were 
hewn from out our own rocky pastures, and split by the hand of 
some sterling Yankee farmer ; there was then no "foreign element." 
The farmer and his sons or other "help" were all natives and to the 
manor born, except a few colored men, remnants of slavery in New 
England. The oak frame was hewn with the broad axe from the 
trees cut in the near-by pastures. The boards and planks were 
probably sawn at Jacobs' Mill, which still performs similar service 
after an existence and ownership in the same family for two cen- 
turies and more. The ornamental work about the pulpit and pews 
was the work of the native carpenters, and every nail and spike in 
its whole construction was hammered hot by some near-by black- 
smith by hand. Money, that rare commodity, was needed for the 


glass of the windows alone j, all else, including the sashes and the 
doors, being carefully worked out of the native pines cut on our 
own hillsides by the farmer folk who owned them. 

In 1838, during the pastorate of Eev. Eobert L. Killam, the 
second structure owned by this society was constructed, John Gross 
being the contractor. It was of a type of colonial church archi- 
tecture of unusual beauty. In its spire, the first bell owned by the 
church rung out its mellifluous tones, calling the people to worship 
on the Sabbath, pealed patriotically forth its rejoicing, on the 
!Fourth of July, raised the alarm, when conflagration threatened, 
and tolled, with sweet solemnity, its requiem for the dead. 

Within its doors, one entered an entry across the whole wddth of 
the building, in the middle of the ceiling of which hung the big 
bell rope. On either side opened the doors into the body of the 
church. Two aisles led up through unpainted pews with ma- 
hogany-capped doors and often uncushioned seats to a massive 
rounded pulpit of glistening mahogany, reared somewhat above the 
pew tops. Behind this, against the whitened unfrescoed wall, rose 
almost to the arched ceiling an immense curtain of dark red 
drapery, while, suspended from the ceiling over the centre of the 
church, hung by a Inige chain the chandelier, from whose brass hem- 
ispherical body sprouted long double-curved glass arms, supporting 
two rows of lamps. The gallery, or "singing seats," rose high 
behind the congregation, and three large windows on either side 
admitted the light. To one of the boys whose first church 
experience was gathered within these walls, this ensemble produced 
an effect that the gothic grandeur of Westminster could never 
kindle in later years. 

During the sixties, the interior was remodelled on more modern 
lines. Tlje pulpit was lowered and became a desk. The choir 
occupied a small gallery at a lower level, sharing it with a new 
church organ wdth its rows of painted pipes. The chandelier was 
abolished and the walls and ceiling were frescoed. Tiie pulpit end 
of the church was lightened by removing the heavy drai)erics and 
substituting frescoed pictures therefor. The pews were painted 
and their doors removed. 

June 21, 1893, during the progress of still other repairs, the 
edifice took fire and burned to tlie ground. 

The new structure which was dedicated May 20th, 1894, less than 
a year after the fire, is still more modern. The design was 
prepared by the then pastor, Eev. Melvin S. Nash, and Harrison L. 
House, Esq., of West Hanover. The spire rises at the northeast 


corner of the church and contains a bell, into the composition of 
which all of the old bell which could be utilized enters; but to 
some of us the sweetness of. tone which characterized that older 
instrument, is lacking. The eaves project low toward the ground, 
and the whole effect of the building is that of a rustic chapel. The 
front portion of the floor is occupied by a Sunday School room, 
opening into the main auditorium by large doors, thus enlarging 
the size of the main room when occasion requires. The gallery is 
insignificant, but behind it is the church parlor. Underneath is a 
good cellar, in which the furnace and its fuel find a place. The 
interior effect is of a gothic chapel of which the prevailing tone is 
light yellow, which is carried out by the color of the glass in the 

A beautiful organ which cost over $1,000, fills the arched niche in 
the rear of the pulpit at the sides of which, entered by side doors, 
are the clergyman's room and the choir room. The choir station is 
between the organ and the preacher. 

At the side of the pulpit a beautiful white marble chalice is 
placed, a gift of the children of Albert Whiting, Esq., of Hinhgara, 
in memory of their father and mother, who were during their life- 
time, constant attendants here. The pews are free, and their semi- 
circular arrangement adds to their usefulness. 

To this people have spoken as ministers most of the shining lights 
of Universalism, John Murray, the Ballous, Dr. A. A. Minor, Mrs. 
P. A. Hanaford, Mrs. Mary A. Livermore, Dr. Emerson, and many 

The settled ministers were : David Pickering, Samuel Baker, 
Abner Kneeland, Elias Smith, Joshua Flagg, Benjamin Whitte- 
more, Robert L. Killam, (April 1, 1829 to April 1, 1838), Horace 
W. Morse (April 1, 1838 to April 1, 1839), . John F. 
Dyer (April 1, 1839 to April 1, 1840), J. E. Burnham, (April 
1, 1840 to April 1, 1841), John S. Barry (April 1, 1841 to April 
1, 1844), M. E. Hawes (April 1, 1844 to April 1, 1845), Horace P. 
Stevens (April 1, 1846 to April 1, 1847), Robinson Breare (April 
1, 1849 to April 1, 1852), Lewis L. Record (May 1, 1854 to April 
1, 1859), Henry E. Vose (April 1, 1859 to April 1, 1866), 
Edward A. Perry (April 1, 1868 to April 1, 1871), James B. Tabor 
(April 1, 1872 to April 1, 1874), Prof. William B. Shipman of 
Tufts College, supplied the pulpit for six months in 1874, Rev. 
Jacob Baker of South Weymouth preached from April 1, 1875 to 
April 1, 1877, Augustus P. Rein (Sept. 1, 1877 to Jan. 1, 1881), 
Benjamin F. Eaton (Dec. 1, 1883 to April 1, 1885), Cephas B. 


Lynn (Jan. 1, to April 1, 1887), S. H. R. Briggs (Sept. 16, 1888 
to July 1, 1891), Melvin S. Nash (Sept. 6, 1891 to March 25, 
1900), Charles I. Burroughs (May 12, 1900 to Oct. 26, 1903), and 
H. Gertrude Eoscoe, who was called June 1, 1905. 

The early clergymen who officiated here were all men of strong 
and marked characters. Their sermons were usually polemical, as 
they were the heralds of the fight against orthodoxy. Among the 
most beloved was one whose kindly heart was echoed in the name 
by which he was in his later life known, "Father" Killam. One 
who knew him well through all his long life among us wrote of 
him "Those who grew old with him felt that it was no unmeaning 
term." Besides his practical and interesting discourses, he was 
ever engaged in something to make our neighborhood pleasant and 
cheerful, ever interested in our welfare. He shared our joys and 
our sorrows, and was ever the good adviser and, when darkness fell 
upon him in the evening of his days, many hearts were saddened. 
"Peace to his ashes." 

He preached the last sermon in the first church edifice from the 
text in the first Corinthians, "For the fashions of this world pass 
away." And, when the new (the second) church was dedicated, 
his was the dedicatory discourse. His text then was from the 
ninety-ninth Psalm, "Exalt ye the Lord our God and worship at 
his footstool ; for he is holy." Double services were then the 
vogue, and that afternoon the "Father of Universalism" as he was 
called, Eev. Hosea Ballou, spoke from the text, "God is a spirit 
and they that worship him must worship him in spirit and in 

To complete the day of dedication, Eev. J. C. Waldo spoke in 
the evening from the text, "There is one Lawgiver who is able 
to save and to destroy ; who art thou that judgest another ?" 

Rev. John S. Barry for three years occupied the desk. His 
"History of Hanover" is still the model for town histories every- 
where, and his "History of Massachusetts" opened to the eyes of 
the world the riches of the then newly discovered manuscript of 
Bradford's History. His literary style was good and differed but 
little from his conversation. As a boy, the writer remembers 
being struck by the man who talked as a book read. His widow 
and daughters still survive. 

The devoted and untiring work which Eev. Melvin S. Nash gave 
to his pastorate here, should not go unnoticed. Mr. Nash came 
here to his first pastorate. No man ever sank self in his work for 
others more completely than he. No man ever more truly took 


upon himself the burden of the sorrows and troubles of his congre- 
gation. The Golden Eule ever was his guide, and the Master has 
had no follower whose whole heart was in His work more complete- 
ly. Mr. Nash brought to his work and poured out upon his parish 
an enthusiasm which age may temper, but can never quench. He 
is still a resident of our town which he has served faithfully and 
well as High School master, school committee, library trustee, 
representative to the General Court in 1894, 1906, and 1907, and 
senator in 1909 and 1910. May his be a long life of usefulness,, 
and may his reward be the gratitude to which his devotion to duty 
entitles him. 

The Baptist Society. 

The first and only Baptist Church in Hanover was erected in 
1812. It is the only society in town still worshiping in its 
original edifice. This building stands on Main street, nearly op- 
posite Walnut st'-eet. In the minutes of the Old Colony 
Association, in 1859, it is recorded of this church that it has 
remodeled its house of worship by building underneath it a vestry 
and other commodious rooms and has otherwise improved the whole 
structure. In 1869, a pipe-organ was placed in the church and the 
spire was raised, very much to the improvement of its architectural 

In 1806, certain members of the First Church in Marshfield, who 
resided in Scituate and Hanover, and who favored the theological 
ideas of this denomination, sought a new organization; and this 
church, the result of that movement, was constituted, February 
11th, of that year by a council of three ministers and seven delegates 
from Baptist churches in Randolph, Attleborough and Bridgewater. 

At this council Elder Joel Briggs, of Randolph, was moderator, 
and Elder Valentine W. Eathburn, of Bridgewater, was clerk. 

The following people asked to be formed into the new Church : 
Elder Barnabas Perkins Sarah Brooks 

Zacheus Lambert Sarah Neal 

Enos Cox Deborah Curtis 

Lydia Brooks Seth Curtis 

I^ucy Perkins Curtis Brooks 

Lucy Turner William Curtis, Jr. 

Mary Damon Eleanor Brooks 

Susanna Winslow Anna Curtis, 2d 

Hannah Curtis, 3d Ruth Bourn 


Lydia Ford Hannah Mann 

Olive Curtis Huldah Thomas 

Ells Damon Anna Brooks 

The process of forming a new church, as practised by the Baptists 
at this time, may be of interest. The foregoing persons had 
already adopted and signed articles of belief and covenant. These 
were presented to the council, examined and approved by it, and 
it then adjourned to 3 p. m. At the reassembling, the moderator 
gave public information of the state of the brethren and sisters, and 
of the doings of the council, and read the articles of faith and 
church covenant, to which the brethren and sisters again assented. 
The moderator then, by order of and in behalf of the council, gave 
the right hand of fellowship and delivered a solemn address to the 
new ehurch, now constituted as ''The Baptist Church of Christ in 

The first meeting of the new church occurred the next day, when 
Curtis Brooks was chosen standing church clerk; and he also re- 
ceived a unanimous election as first deacon. 

Elder Barnabas Perkins, who was moderator of this first meeting, 
was then invited to "labor ten Lord's days during the year" for 
fifty dollars. 

In August, "the church approbated William Curtis to improve his 
gift in doctrine," and, in the following February, he was invited to 
preach twenty Sundays during the year for "about fifty dollars." 
This arrangement continued for two years and, in 1809, he was 
requested by the Church to "subimt to ordination and take pastoral 
charge of the Church" ; to which he assented, although there is no 
record that the ordination ever took place. 

From 1807 to 1809, the pastor was William Curtis. December 
18th, 1810, John Butler was ordained, having been settled over this 
society for a short time. During his ministry, the first church 
edifice was built. Mr. Butler remained here for fourteen years, 
and his ability as a minister and the success of his labors are still 

The fortunes of the Society, after Mr. Butler's ministry termi- 
nated in 1824, were varied. Settled preachers were not always in 
charge, and the Society struggled for its life. Amos Lefavorer oc- 
cupied the pulpit from 1825 to 1828. Then for three years there 
was no pastor. From 1833 to 1834, Darius Dunbar occupied the 
pulpit. He was followed by Rev. Robert B. Dickie, from Nova 
Scotia, from July 1, 1834, to September 3, 1836. Then came Rev. 
Horace Seaver of Maine, for about two years, the Rev. Nathan 


Stetson (1839), and the Rev. Thomas Conant from 1840 to 1844. 
Mr. Conant went from here to Scituate, leaving the Socdety without 
a pastor and so it remained, until, in 1845, Rev. Nathan Chapman 
assumed charge of it for a year, to be succeeded, in 1846, by Rev. 

B. N. Harris. In June, 1849, Rev. William M. Slason became 
pastor for four years, followed in succession by Caleb Benson, 
1853-54; Thomas Conant, 1854-56; J. M. Mace, 1856-57; Jacob 
Tuok, 1857-61 ; W. H. Stewart, 1861-63 ; Andrew Read, 1863-82 ; 

C. D. Swett, 1883-84; T. H. Goodwin, Dec, 1884 to 1888; Lewis 

D. Morse, a student at Newton Theological Seminary, acted as 
student supply. He was followed by Rev. B. W. Barrows. In 1893, 
Rev. J. J. Tobey of Carver, was called and remained here for seven 
years. In 1900, Rev. F. L. Cleveland came and remained until 
November 1, 1905. The present pastor is Rev. E. E. Ventress. 

Among those were several men notable either in personality or 
service. Jacob Tuck was a member of the school committee, and 
the writer remembers well his striking appearance when he visited, 
for the first time, the school where, as a boy, he was a pupil. W. 
H. Stewart afterward found that his duty lay in service of his 
country and enlisted as a chaplain in the United States service, a 
position he held for over twenty-five years. His military bearing 
is well remembered by those who recall the great struggle between 
the States. 

Andrew Read occupied the desk of this church for nearly twenty 
years, the longest period of any pastor. He identified himself 
with the town as a citizen as well as a pastor, served as school com- 
mittee for many years, and in every way, during a long residence, 
has exemplified the life of a good citizen and a good Christian. 

While, like all our churches, this one was and has always re- 
mained small, the zeal of its members, their devotion to their 
church, and the uprightness of their lives have shown the sincerity 
of their professions and the strength of their faith. 

John Collamore, who was one of the earliest deacons, was long 
and favorably known as one of the county commissioners, and a 
man of sterling worth and solidity. John Brooks was a modest, 
quiet, unassuming, never faltering follower of his Christ. His son, 
John S. Brooks, followed him in the Diaconate and sustains the 
reputation of his father as an honest, upright. Christian gentleman. 
He has occupied the positions of selectman, assessor, and overseer 
of the poor. He and his brother Thomas, have for many years con- 
ducted the store at North Hanover. 

The present deacons of the Church are John S. Brooks and 


Horace W. Crane. The largest membership at any one time was 
109, in 1839 ; its smallest, 40, in 1831. 

The Church was legally incorporated, Feb. 11, 1901. Lucy F. 
Damon left her estate on the west side of Main street, the first house 
south from Mann's Corner, by her will, in trust for the benefit of 
the Church. The house was remodeled, and is now (1908), used as 
a parsonage. 

Catholic Chapel. 

About 1865 to 1867, monthly services of the Roman Catholic 
Church began to be held in Hanover. They were, for about 
twelve years, held in the house of some one of that faith. Mr. 
John Bannioan's house, which stood in Pembroke, not far from 
the Rubber Mill, was often used at first. Later that of Mr. Solo- 
mon Russell in Hanover, near the same mill, became the house of 
worship. The nearest Catholic Church at that time was that at 
Centre Abington, known as St. Bridget's; and the Reverend 
Fathers who officiated there conducted the services in Hanover and 
Pembroke. In 1879, Rev. Fr. Wm. P. McQuaid of St. Bridget's 
succeeded in purchasing a site for a chapel on the south side of 
Broadway a few rods easterly from Spring street and there a 
chapel was at once erected, called the " Chapel of our Lady of the 
Sacred Heart." It is a plain building, simple in conception. It 
bears a small cupola, or steeple, on its front end. 

About one hundred communicants worship here. The chapel 
was built by Ransom and Higgins, from plans made by J. H. 

First Church. 

The close union of church and state in early Massachusetts his- 
tory is nowhere shown more clea#'ly than in the history of its 
towns. The town organization being the unit of Municipal 
Government throughout New England, it is to it we should 
resort, in order to analyze the problems of governmental history. 

When Hanover was incorporated, the mental condition of the 
Colony, its habit of thought in all affairs, municipal as well as 
religious, is indicated in the petition for its setting-off. That 
gave, as the principal reason for the calling into being of a new 
municipality, the fact that the burden of supporting and attending 
-<iistant churches was too great to be borne. That a similar mental 
habit prevailed throughout the Colony and was not peculiarly 


indigenous to this town, is shown by the act of incorporation, 
wherein the Legislature stipulated that " the inhabitants — do 
within — two years — erect and finish a suitable house for the 
public worship and — procure and settle a learned Orthodox 
minister." And this seems to have been inserted in the act in 
the form of a proviso or condition subsequent; perhaps with the 
idea that, unless this condition was complied with, the act might 
become inoperative. 

What legal questions might have arisen, had this condition been 
broken, we can only guess; for, true to the spirit of the time, the 
new town, as a part of its very earliest municipal action, July 17, 
1737, voted that Mr. David Dwight be chosen to dispense the 
word of God for three months. Mr. Barry, in a foot note, says 
Mr. D. seems to have preached in town a few Sabbaths before its 
incorporation; but the source of this information is not given. 
Eev. C. W. Allen, a long time pastor of this church (see later), in 
an Historical Sermon preached Nov. 27th, 1873, Thanksgiving 
Day, upon the early history of this First Church, thinks (see ser- 
mon on file in Hanover Public Library) " Mr. David Dwight was 
not an ordained minister; for had he been, they would have spoken 
of him as the Eev. David Dwiglit and not as Mr. And it would 
seem also that he had preached to the people here before this vote; 
for they were to allow him pay as heretofore, as the record says." 
Mr. Allen continues, "It further appears that he did not come 
and supply them with preaching for three months, as the vote 
speaks of, even if he came at all; because, oidy about a month 
after this action of the town, voting to engage him for three 
months, they had a meeting of the town (Aug. 29th, 1727), and 
ehose another committee, consisting of Isaac Buck, Elijah Gush- 
ing and Joseph House, to provide a minister to dispense the word 
of God amongst them." 

In this surmise Mr. Allen is probably only partially correct; 
for the record shows a payment to Mr. Dwight, for preaching, of 
seven pounds nineteen shillings. Mr. Bass was settled later for 
one hundred and thirty pounds per annum. x\t this rate, Mr. 
Dwight's three months would have entitled him to a little more 
than thirty-two pounds. Unless the seven pounds were paid for 
services rendered by Mr. Dwight prior to the vote of July 17th, 
it would seem that he must have preached a portion of the allotted 
three months. Mr. Allen further thinks that Mr. Dwight was a 
young man and that he was from Boston. Tliese are inferences 
only. There is no known records from which to verify these 


Having thus provided for the first requirements of their act of 
incorporation relating to matters religious, tlie question of the 
church " House," which was the ' second part of the condition, 
imposed by the Legislature, came up for decision. 

The meetings at which Mr. Dwight preached were held of neces- 
sity in some dwelling-house. Tliat of Mr. Samuel Stetson, still 
standing at the centre and now the residence of Kev. William H. 
Dowden, opposite the parsonage, was frequently used. That others 
also may have served the purpose of a meeting-house, is entirely 
possible; but that of Mr. Stetson was peculiarly convenient from 
its size and central location. For this use, Mr. Stetson was paid 
by the town ; and no record of similar payment to any citizen being 
in existence, leads to the conclusion that until their church was 
completed, the worshipers used no other house than that of Mr. 

There were two questions to be determined by our town's, 
pioneers, before the church edifice could become an architctual 
reality; first, where; and second, how? The need of a central 
location was universally recognized and this indicated the place- 
now occupied. Then it was spoken of as being upon the Drink- 
water road and, accordingly, we find upon the records, under 
date of Nov. 13, 1727, that "the most convenient place by the- 
road called the Drinkwater road " be selected. Pembroke men, 
Elijah Bisbee, Joshua Turner and Aaron Soule. perhaps as being 
disinterested men whose decision could not be questioned for 
partiality or favoritism, were selected by the town, to determine 
tlie exact site. No record of their action exists ; but it is presumed 
that they did act and selected the site where the present meeting 
house stands; for it is here that the first house of this Society was 
located and, since 1728, the parish has here worshiped according 
to the orthodox calvinistic faith of the fathers. 

The site being selected the land was next to be obtained. And, 
for many years, it has been a question involved in much douljt 
as to who was the original owner of the site. Barry's statement 
on page 57 that " the land on which the house was built is said, 
to have l)een given by Thomas Buck," is scarcely consistent with 
liis later statement (page 177) that, on June 15, 1730, "it was 
voted to pay Isaac Buck three pounds for one acre of land. Wc^ 
incline to the opinion that Buck's acre was that on wliich the meet- 
ing-house was built." 

Whoever gave or sold the site, the parish acquired it and took 
means to cause the erection of tiie edifice. It was to l)e, as voted 


Dec. 13, 1727, forty-eight feet long, thirty-eight feet wide, and 
"nineteen feet high " between joints." It was to be completed by 
Oct. 1, 1728, and Elijah Gushing, Joseph House, and Abner 
Dwelley Avere chosen a building committee. The house was to be 
built '"in a workmanlike manner but as cheap as possible," a 
mingling of religious duty with Yankee shrewdness and thrift. 

Although just set off from the old town of Scituate, the new 
town did not hesitate to ask help from the mother municipality. 
Jan. 22, 1728, Isaac Buck was chosen agent to ask aid from 
Scituate as well as from the inhabitants of Hanover. In Scituate, 
by a subscription paper, he obtained promises of ninety pounds, 
found on collection to be good for sixty-six pounds. 

The town also voted (March 3, 1728) to take its part of the 
government loan of sixty thousand pounds, " now in the treasury 
at Boston " and apply it toward paying the carpenters. Gifts of 
land were also given, both in Scituate and Hanover, as land was 
a valual)le commodity and much more abundant than money in 
the colony at that time. John Gushing. James Gushing, Job Oti-;, 
Nicholas Litchfield, Stephen Glapp, all gave land. Those are 
old Scituate names. Among other givers of land were Eev. Thos. 
Clapp of Taunton, and Joseph and Samuel Barstow of Hanover. 
'Gifts of lum))er were also made and that remaining after the edifice 
was completed was sold for the use of the ministry. 

The completed structure cost, as Mr. Barry estimates, about 
three hundred pounds. 

This building was used by the Society until, in 1765, it was 
■demolished, to be succeeded by another structure. It was used 
also by the town for its town meetings. The only records concern- 
ing its appearance are two. On page 89 of the town rec(jrds for 
1757, it appears that the gallery stairs were on the west end and, 
on page 97, we learn that the exterior was covered with clap- 
boards. It faced the south, as does the present structure. It had 
no steeple or chimney, a double row of windows admitting the 
light through diamond shaped panes, probably set in lead. It 
had in its interior a gallery but neither plaster nor paint lent 
their charm to the barrenness of the walls. The pulpit was high 
perched and probably surmounted by the customary sounding- 

The house contained thirty-one pews, which were given a value 
•of ten pounds each. The influence which prevailed then and 
which still survives in spirit, although perhaps bearing another 
name, made it "usual and commendable (so runs the old record), 


that there should he dignities * ***=:= Therefore we vote 
that tlie liigliest pew in dignity sliould be vahied at 15£ and tiie 
next 14£ 10s and so on proportionally lower, until we come down 
to those pews which are of no diti'erenee in dignity : and then pro- 
poVtionahle to each man's rates, either Ijy a general vote or lots,, 
to take in the more people into each pew so valued or prized, as- 
shall amount to the money." 

A committee, consisting of Joseph Stockbridge. John Hatch,, 
and William AVitherell (the town clerk), was appointed to appor- 
tion the pews according to the foregoing vote. It was ever a 
delicate task to apportion " dignities " and it is not to be wondered 
at that the report of the committee was not satisfactory. 

In June, 1730, a new committee was created to do this work 
over again, "to make all persons easy and to take in those that 
were left out." Seven were on the committee and, as its work 
was approved on the 31st of the following August, it is safe ta 
assume that in this, as in other things, "in numbers there is 

Having a church edifice completed inside and out, the ne.\t 
necessary step was a communion service. No silver ware could be- 
thought of in those days; but the very common alloy, pewter,, 
now out of use, was selected. 

On the tenth of January, 1728-9, it was voted, at a meeting of 
the Church, to raise money by contribution to "provide utensils 
for the Lord's table." Quickly was this duty attended to and 
this vote carried out; for, by the thirtieth of the month, the 
" utensils " were bought and brought to town. Their first use 
occurred on the second of the following March. These utensils 
were "three Pewter Tankards, marked C. T. of 10s price, each; 
five Pewter Beakers, costing 30s each, and marked C. B. ; two 
Pewter Platters, marked C. P. ; a Pewter Basin for baptism ; and 
a cloth for the Communion Table." This entry in the old 
records is interesting for its use of capitals, as well as for the 
letters marking the various dishes. Whatever the C. may have 
meant (perhaps "church"), the T. was evidently for Tankard, 
as was the B. for Beaker and P. for Platter. 

In October, 1768, after 39 years of Pewter, Deacon Joseph 
Stockbridge presented the Church witli four silver cups for the 
Communion table at an expense of 25£ (old tenor) or $11.11 for 
each cup. An inscription appeared upon each cup, giving the 
name of the giver and recveiver and the date. For this gift the 
Deacon was formally thanked by the Church. 


Eighteen years later, a legacy of Deacon Thomas Josselyn pro- 
vided two more silver cups. The use of the building as a house 
of worship and as a town hall as well, continued until a new struc- 
ture was erected in 1765, during the ministry of Mr. Baldwin. 

By reason of the great success which Mr. Baldwin attained and 
by virtue of the steady growth of the town in population, the 
church in 176-i was found to be too small. The plan was first 
conceived of putting in a piece in the middle of the building. 
This was deemed more economical than to build anew, and, on 
the 25th of June of that year, a vote to do this was actually passed. 
Better councils prevailed, however, and, in the following October, 
this vote was reconsidered and a new house was decided upon, 
which should be 62 feet long, 43 feet wide, and 23 feet between 

In the following spring, a steeple seemed advisable and, when 
Mr. Joseph Tolman, the contractor of this new church, had com- 
pleted his work, the church bore this New England distinctive 
mark of a house of worship. 

About 1784, a bell was presented to the Society by Mr. Josselyn 
and, so far as the records show, this was the first church bell to 
awaken the echoes, within the limits of the town of Hanover. 
It was recast in 1788 and rang out its call to worship and tolled 
its requiem for the dead, until, in its second place in the third 
church of this society, it melted in the conflagration which de- 
stroyed the latter structure, in 1862. 

Beside the bell, this church for the first time boasted a plas- 
tered auditorium. It had galleries and square pews. 

This church was painted in 1789, the walls a stone yellow, the 
roof, Spanish brown, the corner boards and window frames, white. 
It was an index of the increasing property and growing importance 
of the town. It outlived its usefulness, however, and, to meet the 
demand for better things, it was demolished to make room for 
its successor. 

During the ministry of Mr. Smith or just prior thereto, the third 
church building of this Society was built. Unlike its predecessors 
on this spot, it faced the east. The exact date of its erection 
is not now known. It was between 1824 and 1829. The picture 
given in Barry's History is an excellent reproduction. It was a 
good sample of Colonial architecture, not unpleasing to the eye. 
But three pastors were settled over this Society, while this edifice 
was the church home, Eev. Mr. Smith, Eev. Mr. Duncan, and 
Eev. Mr. Freeman. The church was completely destroyed by 


tire in 1862. Tlie contractor for its erection was Mr. Samuel 

Unlike its predecessors, this clmrch was not used for town 
meetings. The year of its erection, a town hall was built in 
its rear and only about 6 ft. from its wall. The town hall faced 
south. When the church burned, the town hall went with it. 

In 1863 the present structure was erected, immediately after 
the destruction of the old church. It was, like its earlier fore- 
runners, made to face south. It has a vestry and other rooms 
on the ground floor, the auditorium being reached by stairs on 
each side. The pulpit is at the north end and a low, modern gal- 
lery and organ accommodate the choir at the south end. 

When we turn to recall the men who ministered to the people 
of this, the first church in town, we find a class of men who 
were all liberally educated, all devoting themselves to the 
work of promoting the spiritual good of their people; and, 
during the entire period which has elapsed since 1727, they held 
the position of pastor, if not for life, at least for a long term of 

The first to be honored by a call from the town to preach the 
gospel, was Mr. Daniel Dwight. He seems not to have been en- 
titled to have Eeverend affixed to his name; but it is stated that 
he had preached to this people prior to 1727. He was therefore 
known to them and, as the act of incorporation required that 
"as soon as may be" the inhabitants should "procure and settle 
a learned Orthodox minister" and should thus escape taxation 
for the support of the ministry in Abington and Scituate, the 
early fathers proceeded with all due despatch to call upon one 
whose standing and ability they knew. 

Whether or not Mr. Dwight ever accepted the offer made to him 
to come and preach for three months, the record does not show. 
That he did not complete the full term of service seems to be 
indicated by the fact that he was renumerated for such service as 
he did render by a payment of L.7 s.l9, which the town voted, 
which is too small a renumeration for the length of time men- 
tioned, even according to the rate of compensation considered 
adequate in those times. 

Mr. Dwight was a Harvard graduate of the class of 1726. So 
he was just out of college when called here. He was born in 
Dedham, October 28, 1707. That he was graduated at 10 indi- 
cates that he was no dullard. He died July 4, 1747, unmarried, 
having spent his short life in business pursuits, preaching only 


In 1694, at Braintree, Mass, was born to Joseph and Mary 
Bass, a son who was named Benjamin. He grew to man's estate 
and entering Harvard College graduated there in 1715, with the 
degree of A. B. which lie afterward augmented to the master's 
degree of A. M. When he was thirty-four years of age, on the 
11th day of December 1728, he was ordained minister of the First 
Church in Hanover at a salary of L.130 per annum. He lived 
and preached as minister of this church until May 23rd, 1756. 
The graves of Mr. Bass and his wife lie on the southerly portion 
of the cemetery at Centre Hanover. The stones first erected to 
their memory have been replaced by new ones. The date of Mr. 
Bass's death, which by the church records occurred May 23, 1756, 
has been erroneously made to read, on the new stone. May 24, 1756. 
This fact is noted in Rev. Mr. Allen's Historical Sermon now 
in the Hanover Public Library. The house he occupied has long 
since gone. It came into the possession of William Church pre- 
vious to 1850 and was for a time occupied by him and his family. 
Its decay caused its demolition and there is now nothing to mark 
the spot where it stood. 

His characteristics were strong common sense rather than bril- 
liancy, steadfastness in the faith, hospitality, simplicity in his way 
of life, and love of children. His whole heart was in his work 
and his parish. The good man always loves and is loved by 
children; and that, in those hard old times, the children all loved 
Benjamin Bass is a sufficient testimonial to the goodness of his 
heart and soundness of his character. 

At the beginning of Mr. Bass' ministry, the formation of the 
church as distinguished from the parish, occurred, on December 
11th, 1728. Besides the pastor, the original membership consisted of 
ten, all being men. They were Joseph Stockbridge, Elijah Gushing, 
James Hatch, John Tailor (or Taylor), Samuel Staples, Isaac 
Buck, Joseph Stockbridge Jr., Thomas Josselyn, Amasa Turner, 
and Samuel Skiff. Of these Joseph Stockbridge and Elijah Cush- 
ing have the honor of being the First Deacons of the First Church 
in Hanover. 

The first communion was celebrated March 2, 1729. The origi- 
nal Church covenant is interesting. All the members signed it. 
It ran as follows : "We do give up ourselves and our offspring 
to that God whose name alone is Jehovah, Father, Son, and Holy 
Spirit, as tbe one only true and living God, and unto our blessed 
Lord, Jesus Christ, as our only Saviour, Prophet, Priest, and 
King over our souls and only mediator of the Convenant of Grace; 


promising (by the help and assistance of His spirit and grace) 
to cleave unto Go<l and our Lord Jesus Christ by faith in a way 
of Gospel obediance, as becometh the Convenant People forever, 
and we do also give up ourselves one unto another in the Lord, 
according to the will of God, freely eonvenanting and promising 
(the Lord helping us) to walk together in holy union and com- 
munion as members of the same mystical body and as an insti- 
tuted church of Christ rightly constituted and established in the 
true faith and order of the Gospel: and further we do oblige our- 
selves (by the help of Christ) in brotherly love to watch over one 
another and over all the children of the convenant growing up 
with us, and faithfully, according to our ability, to transmit the 
holy word and worship of God to our posterity; to cleave unto 
and uphold the true Gospel ministry as it is established by Christ 
in his Church, to have it in due honor and esteem, to subject our- 
selves fully and sincerely unto the government of Christ in his 
Church, and duly to attend to the seals, cencures, and whatsoever 
ordinances Christ hath commanded to be observed by his People, 
according to the order of the Gospel; and, withal, we do further 
engage ourselves to walk orderly in a way of fellowship and com- 
hiunion with all our neighboring Churches, according to the rules 
of the Gospel, that the name of our Lord Jesus Christ may be 
one throughout all the Churches to the glory of God, the father. 

It was during Mr. Bass' ministry, March 7, 1742, that the 
"New Way" of singing was introduced and Ezekiel Turner w^as 
chosen first Tuner. Before this time, the Deacon had read off 
the lines and usually pitched the tune and the congregation then 
sang. The introduction of Tate and Brady's version of the Psalms 
was thus introduced. Under Mr. Bass, the membership of the 
Church steadily increased. During his ministry, the original ten 
was increased by eighty-three new members and he baptized five 
hundred and eighty-eight persons. 

The first attempt at a Public Library began, too, dierctly under 
his supervision. This was, it is true, to be confined to his Society. 
But it was a collection of books for public use, though that public 
was limited. April 8, 1748, 14£ 15s was collected to buy good 
books to lend to the Society. The borrower had the privilege of 
keeping each book two months and the view taken of the enterprise 
as a piece of charity is shown by the initials marked by Mr. Bass 
in each book "C. B. C. S. H." Charity Book of the Congregational 
Society in Hanover. 


The successor of Mr. Bass was Eev. Samuel Baldwin. 

Mr. Baldwin was a graduate of Harvard college in the class 
of 1752. He married Hannah, the daughter of Judge John Gush- 
ing, January 4th, 1759. 

Mr. Baldwin was not lacking in worldly business ability. He 
refused the first offer made him to come to Hanover, which was 
at a salary of £73 6s 8d per annum. The offer was raised to £80 
per annum and, as a settlement gift, a house to be built within 
eighteen months. Full specifications as to size and finish of the 
house were made and the house was accepted by the new pastor, 
March 5, 1759. It is still standing on Hanover street, Centro 
Hanover, nearly opposite Spring street. (1905). It has now lost 
its glory as a pastoral abode and should be preserved and renewed 
as a relic of the past. 

Under Mr. Baldwin, the Society increased and the church 
proved too small. It was replaced by the second edifice already 
described. The strain and stress of the Eevolution made it im- 
possible to keep up the prompt payment of the clergyman's salary 
and he was forced by this circumstance to resign. March 8, 1779, 
he asked his dismissal and obtained it, after a pastorate of twenty- 
three years, three months, three days, during which time he had 
baptized six hundred and thirty-two persons and one hundred and 
seven new members had joined his church. 

"Mr. Baldwin early espoused the cause of America in the struggle 
with Great Britain, and, throughout the continuance of the war 
of the Eevolution, took a deep and anxious interest in his country'^ 
success. He officiated as a Chaplain in the Army, and gave elo- 
quent exhortations to his own flocks at home and to the minute 
men of the town; and so completely was he absorbed in this 
work that the intensity of his devotion, joined with other causes, 
affected his mind; and for a period of four years, previous to his 
decease, he was partially deranged and under the faithful care 
of his devoted wife. His death took place December 1st, 1784, 
about one year after peace was declared; and his remains, with 
those of his wife, lie in the old burial-ground, grave stones hav- 
ing been erected to their memory, by vote of the town, March 9, 
1796." (Barry, Page 66). 

As usual, the Society listened to candidates for their ministry, 
after Mr. Baldwin's dismissal. Eev. Joseph Litchfield of Scituate 
proved the successful candidate and received a call ; but, owing 
to the strong opposition of some of the Society, he withdrew 
without ordination and, on the eleventh day of February, 1784, 







Eev. Jolm Mellen was settled, coming to Hanover from Sterling, 
Massachusetts. He remained with them until 1805. He died 
at Reading, July 4, 1807, aged eighty-five. He came to Hanover, 
aged sixty-two years, and was eighty-three, when he retired. He 
was a graduate of Harvard College in the class of 1741, when 
he was nineteen years of age. 

Mr. Mellen seems to have been in advance of his time. He 
left a former pastorate, because his ideas were not as strictly 
Calvinistic as the clergy of his neighborhood approved, although 
he always had his people behind him. The tendency toward 
Arminianism was not curbed at Hanover but no fault was found 
with him here. He published a volume of sermons, in 1765, 
which, as a piece of scholastic theology, attracted wide attention. 

It is interesting now, but only as a matter of history, to know 
that one of the objections made to him was that, in a sermon he 
preached, he had declared that God was the author of sin. 

He was a very human man, sociable, fond of jest, lively in 
conversation, and of strong feeling. 

Eev. Calvin Chaddock, of Rochester, came to Hanover and, 
July 23, 1806, became pastor of this Society, living in the house 
Mr. Mellen had occupied, the present residence of Andrew T. 
Damon, at Centre Hanover. He remained twelve years. 

He was a graduate of Dartmouth in 1786. He represented 
Hanover in the legislature in 1811. He wa sthe first teacher 
of Hanover Academy, practically its founder. A ready preacher, 
an excellent elocutionist, and a good business man, as well as 
preacher. He died in western Virginia. Mr Chaddock was in- 
stalled as pastor, July 23, 1806; Rev. Mr. Niles of Abington 
preached the sermon, taking as his text First Timothy, 4th Chap., 
16th verse. 

He was succeeded by Rev. Seth Chapin, who came here in March 
or April, 1819. He was a graduate of Brown University in 1808. 
His pastorate terminated in 1824 and he died in Providence, R. I., 
April 19, 1850, aged sixty-seven. He had relinquished preaching, 
in 1845, to become a farmer. At the beginning of Mr. Chapin's 
ministry, the Church membership was twenty men and fifty-five 
women and, during his ministry, twelve new members were ad- 
mitted, an average of one per year. These figures indicate the 
decline in religious interest which had already set in. Mr. Chapin's 
departure from Hanover arose from lack of financial support. 
The parish was poor and the Church more so. 

This condition was some-what enhanced by a decision of the 


Massachusetts Supreme Court, wherein the opinion, given by 
Chief Justice Parsons, held that the property of the church be- 
longed to the Parish, as at that time no cliurch in Massachusetts 
had any legal existence outside of the parish, which alone was 
recognized as a legal entity. 

If the Parish wished a Unitarian minister to preach to an 
Orthodox Church, it had the power to compel it. Under thia 
decision, many churches hitherto Orthodox became Unitarian. 

Five years without a pastor, the church gave a call, in 1837, 
to Eev. Ethan Smith, who came here from Poultney, Vermont. 
He had nine children. He remained here five years and died, 
1849. He was a tanner by trade and, after reaching his majority, 
he fitted for college and graduated at Dartmouth, at the age of 
thirty. He had been a soldier in the Eevolutionary War and was 
at West Point at the time of Arnold's treachery. 

In June, 1833, Eev. Abel G. Duncan was invited to become 
pastor and accepted. He represented the town six years in the 
legislature and remained as pastor until 1854. He added sixty 
members to the church and, during his ministry, two excommuni- 
cations occurred, — one "for going to the Baptists"; the other for 
embracing "the heresy of Universalism." 

In 1854, just before the resignation of Mr. Duncan, the Society 
was divided and the Second Church at the Corners was formed. 

In 1873, Mr. Duncan gave up his pastoral cares at "Scotland" 
in Bridgewater, Mass. and returned to Hanover. He lived on 
King street for about ten months and died, April 23, 1874, aged 
seventy-two years. 

Mr. Duncan was a scholary man, a fine linguist. It is said that 
he began the study of Hebrew after he was fifty. 

Eev. Joseph Freeman was the next pastor. He came here from 
Stockton, Maine. He resigned July 26, 1869, going to York, 

He was the first pastor to occupy the present parsonage, which 
had been built, by individual members of the parish, for tlie oc- 
cupancy of the pastor. The family moved in, September 18, 1855. 
Mr. Freeman was a very tall, dignified, solemn man both in and out 
of the pulpit, slow in speech as in movement. He was on the 
Board of School Committee many years. He had three children. 
It was during his pastorate that the present church edifice was 
built, to supply the place of the former one, which was burned. 

Two years of supply from week to week followed. Eev. Cyrus 
W. Allen was engaged as permanent supply and began his work 


here, March 26, 1871, being permanently engaged, May 1, 1871. 
He continued to act as pastor until July 12, 1879, when increasing 
years caused him to give up his charge. He retired and lived with 
his son. Dr. George 0. Allen, at West Roxbury, Mass., until his 
death by apoplexy April 11th, 1882. 

Mr. Allen was born October 28th, 1806, at Taunton, Mass. He 
graduated from Brown University in 1826. He came to Hanover 
after many pastorates. 

"He was a staunch defender of the faith of the fathers," says 
Dr. Briggs' Church History. "His preaching was marked by little 
embellishment but set forth his ideas always logically, always 
forcibly, yet simply and to the point. The best sermon he ever 
preached was his own every-day life. No one knew him but to 
love him. The Spirit of the Master spoke every day from the 
absolute self-forgetfulness of Mr. Allen's life." 

Eev. William H. Dowden, who still resides in Hanover in the old 
Stetson House opposite the parsonage, came as Mr. Allen's suc- 
cessor, in January, 1880, continuing one and a half years. He re- 
turned to Hanover May 1st, 1888, continuing two years. During 
his pastorate, the Church took on renewed life. The efforts of 
members was directed largely toward the repair and renovation 
of the church edifice. It was newly painted and the interior was 
frescoed. Mr. Dowden was born at Fairhaven, Mass., January 
15, 1837. He received his education at Stowe Institute, New 
Bedford, Mass., and graduated from Andover Theological Sem- 
inary in 1866. He married Anna R. Green, of Ashburnham, Mass. 
A daughter is now the wife of William S. Curtis of Hanover, after 
having taught school in town for many years. Mr. Dowden's 
pastorates in their order have been, Pelham, Mass. ; Caryle, Mass. ; 
Lunenl)urg, Mass. ; East Jaffrey, N. H. ; Hanover, Easton, Rowley, 
Hanover again, all in Mass. ; Washington, N. H. ; Gill, Mass. 

Rev. Samuel E. Evans succeeded Mr. Dowden. His pastorate 
commenced December 1st, 1882 and continued until July 1887. 

He was born in Fitchburg, March 17th, 1841; graduated from 
Harvard college, 1863, Chicago Theological seminary, 1865, and 
from Andover Theological seminary, 1866. He was in the ranks 
of the Sixteenth Massachusetts Regiment, 1863-64. He was or- 
dained at East Providence, R. I., 1867, where he preached until 
1871. He was in the Methodist denomination for ten years follow- 
ing, serving a number of churches in this state and in Connecticut. 
He came here from the Congregational Church in Middlefield, 
Conn., and, after leaving liere, was pastor in Duxbury, Mass., ami 


in Alstead and Langdon, N. H. His last charge was in West 
Newbury, Mass., 1889-1890, when failing health compelled him to 
retire from his chosen work. He married, November 28, 1867, 
Mary Haven Locke, of Boston. He died in the Soldier's Home 
at Chelsea. Two daughters and a son survive him. 

Rev. William H. Dowden served the church a second time, from 
May, 1888, until July, 1890. 

Rev. David Kilburn, of St. Johnsbury, Vermont, supplied the 
pulpit (being a student at Andover) from August, 1890, until May. 

He was followed by James W. Van Kirk, a student in Boston 
University, from Cleveland, Ohio, who supplied the pulpit from 
September, 1891, until June, 1892. 

Immediately following him came Rev. George W. Wright. Mr. 
Wright was born at Beehman, New York, in April, 1848. He 
received his education at America Seminary, New York; Wil- 
braham Academy, Massachusetts; Wesleyan University, Middle- 
town, Connecticut ; and Boston University Theological School. He 
was A. B. in 1878. His ordination occurred in 1877. Before 
coming to Hanover, he preached at East Greenwich, R. I. ; New 
Bedford, Mass. ; Norwich, Conn. ; Farragut, Iowa ; and Bethel, Ver- 
mont. For nearly three years he supplied the pulpit in Hanover. 
Since leaving here, he has preached in various places, under the 
direction of the New England Evangelistic Association. 

He married Miss Etta Turner of Hanover. 

Rev. Edward D. Disbrow became acting pastor in August, 1895 
and served until August, 1902. He was born in S. Dakota and 
attended school at Yankton college in Dakota, Chicago University, 
and Theological school at Andover. He married Martha A. Man- 
ning of Andover and has one daughter. Before coming here, he 
was pastor of the church in Pownal, Maine, and, after leaving here, 
he accepted the pastorate of the First Church in Farmington, N. H., 
where he now remains. 

Rev. Milledge T. Anderson, born in New Brunswick, July, 1866, 
received his theological education in the schools at Mt. Hennon 
and Revere. He accepted the pastorate of this church, in Feb- 
ruary, 1903. 


Second Congregational Church. 

The records of the First Church, under date of March 10, 1854, 
sliow that 
William Copeland, Sarah Sylvester, 

Ebenr. B. Howland, Julia A. Turner, 

James Turner, Iluldah F. Sampson, 

Alfred C. Garratt, Martha A. Sylvester, 

Isaac M. Wilder, Lucinda Copeland, 

Eobert Sylvester, liuth Wilder, 

James Tolman, George W. Eells, 

Lucy Copeland, William T. Lapham, 

Mary B. Eells, Lemuel Freeman, 

Priscilla Eells, Kobert Sylvester, 

Charles F. Bowman, Diana Freeman, 

Daniel E. Damon, lAicinda Wilder, 

Mary Tolman, Mary Bates, 

Elioda Ford, Jane Copeland, 

Abby W. Stockbridge, Abby E. Barstow, 

Sophia A. Holmes, Christiana Clark, 

were dismissed "to be organized into a Trinitarian Congregational 
Church at the "Four Corners" and, when so organized, they will be 
considered no longer as members of this Chureh." This was done, 
because it was believed that the new church would be an accom- 
modation to Hanover people as well as those of Norwell (then called 
South Scituate) and other adjoining towns. 

A petition was presented, under the Statute, to Alexander Wood, 
Esq, one of the Justices of the Peace for the county, that a warrant 
be given for a meeting in the new meeting-house just erected on 
Back street at the Four Corners, for the purpose of choosing tlie 
necessary officers and of determining the way to call parish meet- 
ings in the future. 

The next step was to procure a pastor and, in July, 1854, the}' 
called Rev. William Chapman, to serve them in that capacity. Ill 
health compelled his resignation. After about one year. Rev. Joel 
Mann came to them from Kingston, R. I., and remained from 1857 
to November 1858. Mr. Mann's salary was $600, while Mr. Chap- 
man had had $800. On the IGth of July, 1859, Rev. James Aiken 
was installed as pastor. Mr. Aiken was with the Society for twelve 
years. During a portion of that time he was a member of the 
school committee. His successor was Rev. Timothy Dwight Porter 
Stone. He began in October, 1873, and remained two years. He 
was principal of Hanover Academy, during his pastorate. Mr. 


Stone was a graduate of Amherst in 1834, the class of Eev. Henry 
Ward Beecher. He died in Albany, N. Y., April 11th, 1887. 

He was a man of full figure and in his preaching leaned toward 
the dramatic. His life had been very largely spent in teaching. 
He had strong individuality, which in some ways made him often 

Eev. Henry Perkins preached here from January 1, 1876 to 1878. 
Eev. E. Porter Dyer then supplied the pulpit, until failing health 
compelled his retirement. Eev. J. W. Brownville succeeded Mr. 
Dyer, coming to Hanover in 1883. His daughter, Lottie W., mar- 
ried Fred W. Bowker, a merchant at Hanover Four Corners. 

Mr Brownville was succeeded, December 3, 1888, by Eev. Orlando 
M. Lord. He was ordained, January 30, 1889, and remained until 
August 31, 1890. 

No one was then called, until February, 1891. Then came Eev. 
Edward Payson Holton of Andover. He remained but a few months 
and sailed to India, as a Missionary of the American Board of Com- 
missioners of Foreign Missions in October, 1891. His ordination 
occurred at Everett, Massachusetts, May 14, 1891. In about two 
years, he came home to be married and returned to India. He is 
now at Manamadura, South India. 

Mr. Holton graduated from Amherst College, in 1887, obtained 
his A. M. degree from his Alma Mater in 1891, and the degree of 
B. D. from the Yale Divinity School, in 1890. 

March 1, 1892, Eev. John Wild came and remained until April 
30th, 1904, when he accepted a call to Medford, Mass., where he 
now lives. Mr. Wild was born in Eochdale, Lancashire, England, 
November 26, 1847. He was a man of great zeal in his calling 
and distinguished himself particularly in town by his earnestness 
in advocating the enforcement of the liquor law. 

December 24, 1873, he married Susannah, daughter of Abraham 
and Nancy Wilson, of Eochdale. They have had five children, 
one of whom, Betsey, born at Eochdale, December 7, 1877, mar- 
ried Alton M., son of Henry B. Barstow, of Hanover. 

Mr. Wild, as a boy, attended the St. John's National day school, 
(Episcopal) and obtained there his primary education. This 
he supplemented by attendance at evening schools and a me- 
chanics institute. Later he studied in the government science 
classes in his native town, the Technical school, Manchester, Owens 
college, Manchester, (the chief college of Victoria university), 
and the Normal School of Science, London. His theological 
course of study was taken at Lancashire Independent College, 


Whaley llange, Manchester. For twenty years he was a very suc- 
cessful teacher of science subjects in the government science 
schools of Rochdale and the neighboring towns. 

From cliildhood, he was connected with the Smallbridge Con- 
gregational Sunday school. For fourteen years, he was the teacher 
of the young men's class in this Sunday school. It was a verj^ 
large class, having at one time about seventy members. He was 
also one of the deacons of the church for eight years. For several 
years before he devoted himself entirely to the work of the ministry, 
he was engaged almost every Sunday in the Congregational, Bap- 
tist, and Methodist churches of Rochdale and the surrounding 
towns and villages. For two years, he was assistant to the Rev. W. 
Hewgill, M. A., Farnswortli, near Bolton, and had charge of the 
mission station at Irwell Bank. He left England in November, 
1891, and began his pastorate at Hanover, March 1st, 1893. 

Bethany CkapeJ. 

In 1886-7, Mrs. Sarah A. Bond determined to erect a chapel at 
the junction of School and Circuit streets. To acquire the req- 
uisite funds, she sold pictures, representing one brick, for ten 
cents each by personal solicitation. Her zeal and devotion ac- 
complished the purpose she desired. Land was purchased of 
Thomas M. Bates and a little chapel, designed to seat about a 
hundred people, was erected. It was dedicated, November 28, 
1887, by appropriate ceremonies and has since been used for 
Union Services, Sabbath School, and neighborhood gatherings. 
A Board of Trustees have charge of it and it has been recently re- 
paired. It has been a source of much good, which is the direct 
result of the devotion of one woman. 

The Qual-ers. 

The name by which those commonly called Quakers wish to 
be known is ''The Society of Friends." 

George Fox, often called the founder of this sect, first began 
to preach their peculiar doctrines in England, in 1G17. None of 
his adherents came hither until 1656. Then Mary Fisher and 
Arm Austin arrived in Boston, coming directly from Barbadoes. 
In 1657, eight more came from Rhode Island, where the more 
liberal inhabitants refused to persecute them. 

The non-resistance ideas, which controlled the lives of these 
people in later times, seem to have been lacking in these pioneers. 


1'hoy souglit to proselyte the freshly settled colonies in Mass- 
iU'luisotts, permitting their zeal to carry them even to the extent 
of martyrdom. 

In their first incursions into the two Massachusetts Colonies, 
their methods were entirely dilferent from those of the quiet, drab- 
garmented, peaceful citizens we have all later known. 

'IMiey were noisy, boisterous, hlasi)hemous. The women, in 
their desire for simplicity, have been known to enter public as- 
semblies in a state of entire nudity. In short, their conduct 
then among those pious. God-fearing, and Christ- worshipping colon- 
ists, was such as would even to-day subject them to arrest and 
pnuishment for breach of the peace. Our forefathers, who 
came hither to the two colonies, I'urnisii examples of the effect of 
environment upon peo])le of the same race. The doctrine of 
the Puritans who came to Boston, and the Pilgrims who came to 
Plyiuoutli, were essentially the same. Calvinism was the basis of 
the tiieology of both. They differed, however, but the differenc-e 
was one of church polity rather than of theology. The Puritan 
was not a Separatist. He Avould drive all into following his 
belief. The Pilgrim, on the contrary, held his own opinions 
and wished only to let alone, to be left to carry on his own worship 
in his own wny, Icnving others to foHow their own methods, inter- 
fcriwg witli none nnd unwilling that any sliould interfere with 

These characteristics ;i])pcared in these differing sects when 
the New England received those coming from the old England. 
The Puritans had stnyed in England, fighting to establish them- 
selves :i( the hend of iiffairs religious. The Pilgrims went to Hol- 
land, in order that there, in a land of liberal ideas, they should 
be at liberty to worship Cod in their own way. 

But, to the Pilgrims, this very easy liberality of the Dutch at 
Eeyden seemed, after a while, to offer its peculiar dangers to 
themselves and their children and they sought, in America, not 
an asylum from persecution nor a haven of safety from defeat, but 
a home, where they should not be persecuted for their religion 
and, on the other hand, where lax ideas should not make flabby 
the muscles of their conscience. 

Then came these disturbing Quakers. The fighting Puritan, 
stern and unyielding, drove them out, upon penalty of death iP 
they returned. 

The Pilgrims, with laws almost as severe, sought to keep them- 
selves free from the Quakers, but were much less stern in the ex- 

E00M;h1AS'I'I(; Al. II IS I'OKV 


(•(■uiioii of tlitisc laws. TIk' roniici tlrovc :i\v;iy llif (.hiiiUcrs Ix" 
ciiiisc tlicy wcrt' in coiilrol of n ^dvcriiiiicnt of which i\u-y \vish('(l 
lo koop coiilrol; tlu- l'il<;riiiis, hcciuisc, hiiviii;; coiik' here (<• Ih- 
alono, llicy wislicd to keep ilicinsclvcs alone. 

This JH tlic wny (lie ril/j;riiiiH iiifl (he prohlcni. The (!onil nf 
ABnistanls in \V}M passed (he rollowiii!^ order: 

"VViiereas, sniidry persons, Itolh (,)iial\eis and olliers, wander up 
;iiid (low II ill (his jnrisdielion and I'ollow no hiwrnl callin;;, and 
also use all eiideavctrs (,o suhveii ('ivil Slad', and lo pull down all 
(MmrelieH and Ordinanees of (Joil. i'e i( enaelcd Ity IIiIh (Ionr(, 
(lint wi(.li all convenieiil speed a House of ( 'orre(( ion he creeled, 
(hat all such vai^Manls may he piil in I Ins lloiise of Corrcu-tion/' 
Incidcidallv !(• should he icniaiked, in passinj;, (ha( thiw Ih the 
lirs(, (Jiiic in our records thai (he jail is referred (o, in any U'jj^nl 
doeiiiiieii(, as a lloiise of ( '(nicel ion, a fide whi<h if hearH to- 

In l(>.M>, a (,)naker was ((• he hiiii^^ upon I'.oslon ('oininoii. The 
otliccr of th(! men dclailed as a liriii^' P"i'f.y' was l<]d\vard Wan- 
Ion, 11 y()nri<j^ l<]ii^disliiiian, who, IraditJon says, came from Ijondoii 
with his niodier [trior lo \(\M. In KKil, he re: idcd in Sell- 
iiaic, lnivin<; landed (here in IC.C.d. Mr. hcane says, "lie heeaint' 
deeply seiisihie of (he criie||\', injiislice, and iin|io|icy of ((ho 
rcipnwsivc) measures; he was /^ready nio\ed hy die lirmnesH willi 
\vlii(;li (hey ((he coMd(!iiiii(!d (Quakers) siihmidcd (o dea(.li 
lie returned to his house, sayin•,^ "Alas, niodiei! we have heeii 
iiiiirderin<^ (he Lord's people," and, lakiiiL"; olV hi:- sword, pii( i(. 
hy, with a solemn vow never (o wear i( a;:;aiii ; and he never did. 
lie hceaiiH! n (Quaker pcaeher and, for (iffy years, lived and 
|ii'eaehed their doctrines. 1 1 is son Michael, siic< ccdi'd him as >v 

I<'iiies, whippiiif^s, and imprisonment, wi'rr the extent, of (he 
(Quaker persecii( ions in the old ( 'oloiiy. The voices of many of 
the most prominent and iiilliien(ial men in (hat ( 'oloiiy vver'^ 
raiH(!<l in slron<; opposition to the repicssi\e action. The Imnle^ 
of such men cannot he too often rehearsed nor too lon;i; perpel 
uated. ('ap(. .lames (!ii(lvvor(,h, (he veiierahlc Timolliy llailierly, 
and Isaac 1,'ohinson, son cd" (he preacher to the ril<,Mini Cliureli in 
licyden, were es[»ecially st,roii;^^ and conslnnt in their opposition. 
To di(! honor of Kin;^^ ('liarles II. he it riconh'd that these per 
HociitioMH were all st(»[»ped hy his command, in I'ir.I. 

In 1710 or a little hefore, Mdwaid W'anlon hiiill the (IrKt house 
in the ('entral part of our (nwn. It. was a iinle from its nearest. 


neighbor, and stood where Frank Stockbridge's house is now 

In the western part of our town, the people of the Society of 
friends were quite numerous, but are now entirely gone. Otis 
Ellis and Zaccheus Estes were two of these who lived longest. 
"They were always good citizens and unyielding in their opinions. 
These people were members of the "Meeting" which used the 
"Quaker Meeting-House" in Pembroke, at the corner where the 
"Scoosit road" joins the Plymouth road, about a third of a mile 
south of the North Eiver bridge. 

This house of worship is now closed. The younger generation 
no longer attend "Friends Meeting." Some of them have con- 
nected themselves with some sect of the "World's People" or, like 
so many of the present generation, have made no affiliation witli 
any religious organization. 

(See note at the close of this chapter by Mr. Dwelley.) 
Spiritiialism in Hanover. 

Ever since recorded history began, mankind has believed in 
■communication between disembodied souls and those commonly 
called living. Ever sinc-e we have found records, the phenomena 
now called Spiritualistic or Psychic have, in some form, occurred. 
Eev. Minot J. Savage, D. D., says that those who believe in this 
communication include "all the great names from Abraham to 
Jesus; all the great names from Jesus to Luther; all the great 
names in the history of Egypt; all the great names in the history 
of India ; Socrates, Plato, and the greatest names of Greece ; the 
Greek Church from the begnning; the Roman Catholic Churcli 
from the beginning; the great Protestant Church in the early 
•centuries; the Swendenborgian Church." 

Thus the historical antiquity and eonsecutiveness of the belief 
is established. The Shakers have had marvellous illustrations 
■of it from tlie time of the foundation of their sect by "Mother 

Modern Spiritualism takes its origin from the so-called Rochestei- 
Eappings, which occurred wherever the Pox sisters happened to be. 
One of these Fox sisters became the wife of Dr. Elisha Kent Kane, 
the celebrated Arctic explorer. These rappings, evidently guided 
ty intelligence, created an interest in things psychic which spread 
all over the world. It was but the revival of an old and half- 
forgotten truth. To-day its believers number at least five million 
in the United States alone. Learned societies, university profes- 
sors, statesmen, lawyers, bishops, and laymen are vieing with each 


other in investigating its phesiomena and, its advocates claim, no^ 
one ever yet, whether scientist or not, honestly and fairly investi- 
gated it without becoming a believer. However that may be, it is. 
a fact that many of the most learned in any and every profession 
are today, either tacitly or openly, believers in its truths. 

This wave of new religious investigation readied this part of the- 
world in the decade from 1850 to 1860. The interest was im- 
mense. The old Universalist church in Hanson was first used 
by the Spiritualists of the neighborhood, including Hanover. It. 
v>as called Unity hall. It was burnt and then the meetings were- 
held in the Hanson Town hall, the Hanover Town hall, and Li- 
brary hall. West Hanover. The list of prominent Spiritualistic 
speakers who have addressed these meetings includes most of 
those prominent in the movement for the last fifty years. 

XoTE BY Jedediah Dwelley : While Mr. John F. Simmons is. 
entirely responsible for this chapter, the writer feels that a word 
should be spoken by himself of the Quakers. The ties of blood 
and friendship link him closely to this sect. He does not believe- 
that they were blasphemous, but does believe that they were- 
piously reverent toward God; that they bore reproach, calumny^, 
torture, and death with sublimity; that their lives, were stainless- 
and worthy of our reverence, and mark an era in our history j. 
that no sect has more of which to be proud and less of which to- 
be ashamed than this. 

While Mary Dyer's history is well known, it was not intimately 
associated with Hanover, although doubtless she was at some time 
within its borders, and she spent a season in our county jail. As 
hers was perhaps the saddest example of the persecution of her 
day, a few words regarding her and a brief quotation may be ex- 

When, at the close of the extended trial of Anne Hutchinson,, 
sentence of excommunication was at once passed on her and she- 
was ordered to leave the Colony, she rose and passed sadly down 
the aisle of the church, without a look of sympathy from any one,, 
until she was near the exit, when Mary Dyer arose from her seat 
and, taking her hand, these two silently passed from the building 
with hands clasped. 

"Morning o'er the Pilgrim city 

Breaking still and sweet. 
Heard the deep and mingled murmur 

Of the hurrying feet. 


And the voices of the people 

Thronging to the street; 
From afar the heavy rolling 

Of the muffled drum, 
With the measured tread of soldiers 

And the general hum, 
Warned the captive in the prison 

That the hour had come. 
All her simple garb arranging 

with a decent care, 
Knelt she in a holy silence. 

Lost in secret prayer. 
While her radiant face attested 

God was with her there. 

* * * 

On the scaffold Mary Dyer 

Standeth silent now, 
With the martyr's crown of glory 

Kindling round her brow: 
And her meek face bent in pity 

On the crowd below: 
Then Priest Wilson, full of scorning, 

Cried: *Eepent! Repent!' 
But she answered: 'I have sought you, 

By our Father sent; 
Sought you, cruel persecutors, 

That you might repent.' " 

:ic « « 

"Five hundred years will not forgive the death of Mary Dyer. 



Professional Men. 
By John F. Simmons. 

Edward Foster settled iu Kent street, in Scituate, in 1633. He 
had practised law in England and the town records call him a 
lawyer. He was a deputy to the first Colony Court in 1639, an 
assistant in 1637, and died "early." He was constantly employed 
in public afiiairs but his early death cut him off from rising to 
special importance. 

John Gushing was the son of Jolm Cushing, who sailed from 
Gravesend, England, April 26, 1638 and arrived in Boston, 
August 10, 1638, and settled in Scituate. John Jr., was born 
April 28, 1662 and died 1737. He lived at Belle House Neck in 
Scituate, near Little's Bridge. He was Chief Justice of the In- 
ferior Court of Plymouth, from 1702 to 1710; Judge of the Su- 
perior Court from 1728 to 1737, and Counsellor of Massachusetts 
from 1710 to 1728. 

John Cushing third, the son of John Junior, was Judge of Pro- 
bate of Plymouth County, 1738-1746, and Judge of the Superior 
Court, 1747-1771. His son, Hon. William Cushing, L. L. D., was 
the most distinguished member of a distinguished family of 
jurists. He was Judge of Probate for the County of Lincoln, 
(now in Maine, but then a part of Massachusetts), Judge of the 
Superior Court of Massachusetts, and later its Chief Justice. On 
the organization of our national government, in 1789, he was 
named by President Washington as Chief Justice of the Supreme 
Court of the United States; but refused to occupy that exalted 
station, accepting the position of one of the Associate Justices of 
that highest tribunal. During Chief Justice Jay's mission to 
England, Judge Cushing acted as Chief Justice. After Judge 
Jay's resignation, he was again appointed Chief Justice and, as 
such, was confirmed by the United States Senate, again refusing 
to serve. Mr. Deane says of him : "He had a felicity of manner 
and an unblemished dignity of character which enabled him to 
be open and decisive without kindling the rage of opposition." 


He lived on the road leading from Norwell Center to the Harbor, 
southeast of what was known as Walnut Tree Hill. 

John Hoar, the ancestor of Judge Ebenezer Rockwood Hoar 
and Senator George Frisbie Hoar, came to Scituate early, remov- 
ing to Concord in 1659 or 1660. He is spoken of as a lawyer, 
perhaps because he was active in public business and was a drafts- 
man of deeds, wills, etc. 

These men all lived in Scituate, while Hanover was a part of 
that town. Prior to the Revolution, the law business in town was 
done by prominent men of affairs already spoken of, Joseph Cush- 
ing, named below, and David Stockbridge. 

Joseph Cushing of Hanover was a graduate of Harvard College, 
and Judge of Probate Court of Plymouth County for many years. 
He is spoken of more fully in the genealogical portion. 

Benjamin Whitman settled and practised law within the limits 
of our town. He was the son of Zachariah Whitman of Bridge- 
water, and was born in 1768. graduating at Brown I'niversity in 
1788. He lived at first in Pembroke but moved to Hanover about 
1792. He lived first on Broadway where Samuel Eells afterwards 
resided. Then he bought of Nathaniel Sylvester a house near 
North River bridge and, in 1799, he built the house, now burned, 
called recently " Pantooset." This was, after Mr. Whitman's 
occupancy, the residence of Capt.- Seth Barker, who died there. 
Horatio Bigelow was its next occupant and, after him, Mr. 
Frederick Kendall bought it and o^Tied it when it was burned. 
Its site is now owned by Mr. Theodore K. Guth, who is a Boston 
business man. It was one of the finest places in town, its site 
overlooking a long stretch of North River. The lawn was so 
thickly set with trees that the house could scarcely be seen from 
the road. Mr. Whitman's office was on the opposite side of the 
street, near the present home of Dr. A. L. MacMillan. Mr. ^Yh\t- 
niaii was postmaster for many years, lawyers in those days, as now, 
eking out a somewhat precarious professional income with other 
lucrative emplo^anent. About 1806, Mr. Whitman moved to 
Boston. He was Representative to the General Court for Boston 
and, was, for many years. Chief Justice of the Police Court of 
Boston, of which William Simmons was also one of the Judges. 
Barry says, "He was an able lawyer; a man of great business en- 
terprise; an active politician, and his services Avere of great value 
to the town, during the period of residence in it." 

Barker Curtis, son of Simeon Curtis, was a student of Mr. 
Whitman's. For a time he practised law at Assinippi, about 1790, 


living in the house now occupied by Daniel 1 lines, where, for 
many years, lived Hiram Curtis, the father of Frederick H. Cur- 
tis, who was on board the Congress, when captured in Hampton 
Eoads by the rebel ram Merrimac, just before the first battle be- 
tween that ironclad and the Monitor, that " cheese box on a raft,'"' 
which was destined to revolutionize the construction of the navies 
of the world. 

William G. Curtis, a son of William Curtis of Main street, was 
also a student with Mr. Whitman about 1795, but he died before 
entering upon his professional career. 

John Winslow, Esq., was a resident la-wj'er in Hanover, becom- 
ing so about 1810. He graduated from Brown University in 1795. 
He lived first on the comer of Broadway and Washington street 
and later near St. Andrew's church, where Capt. John Gushing 
afterward resided. Barry says of him, " He was a thorough law- 
yer, gentlemanly in his manners and one whose professional 
practice was very extensive. He died at Natchez, Miss., about 
1830" (1822, Deane). His monument stands in the Winslow 
burial ground at Marshfield, a few rods from the grave of Daniel 

Directly opposite Mr. Winslow, in the '* long house," which he 
built at the corner of Church and Washington streets, lived an- 
other lawyer, Jotham Cushman, Esq., thus giving Hanover two 
lawyers living at the same time across the street from each other. 
It is doubtful if Mr. Cushman practised law, after becoming a 
resident of Hanover. 

It is said that, when Mr. Chaddock taught the Hanover 
Academy, one man attended as a pupil after he was married. That 
man was Isaiah Wing. He afterward studied law with Mr. 
Winslow and practised here. He finally went to Cincinnati, Ohio, 
where he died. 

Aaron Hobart (Hon.), was the son of Aaron and grandson of 
Col. Aaron of Abington and had a son Aaron who wrote a History 
of Abington. He graduated at Brown University, in 1805, and 
came to Hanover in 1812, remaining here until 1824. Here it 
was that Aaron, the historian, was born in 1818. Aaron, the 
father went from Hanover to the Massachusetts Senate, in 1820, 
and was a member of Congress, in 182G-7. After leaving Han- 
over, he lived in East Bridgewater and was appointed Judge of 
Probate, which office he held until his death, in September, 1858, 
at the age of 71. His public services were rendered with pains- 
taking care and thoroughness, and were of great value to the 


comTn unity . He wrote a historical sketch of Abington. The book 
is small but carefully written. It is a classic among the Town 
Histories of New England. In Hanover, he lived in the house 
now occupied by Mrs. James T. Tolman at the Corners. 

Alexander Wood, Esq., of Middleborough, practised here but a 
short time. He gave up the law for mercantile pursuits and 
died in Hanover, He studied law with Hon. Wilkes Wood, Judge 
of Probate for Plymouth County. September 5, 1824, he mar- 
ried Miss Louisa Bourne of Middleborough. ' His house at the 
Comers is now occupied by Clarence P. Brown. 

William Simmons, son of Elisha and Martha (Hersey) Sim- 
mons, was born in Hanover in the house which stood on the site 
now occupied by the late residence of Daniel Clapman, on the 
east side of Washington street, about a mile south of the Assinippi 
church, July 9th, 1783. He graduated from Harvard College in 
the class of 1804 and studied law, practicing in Boston. He be- 
came Judge of the Police Court in Boston and held the position 
many years. He married, Sept. 11th, 1810, Lucia Hammatt, and 
died January 17th, 1843. His children were William Hammatt, 
born May 11, 1812, died August 10, 1841 ; Kev. George Frederick, 
born March 24, 1814, and died September o, 1855; Charles 
Francis, born January 27, 1821, died (lost at sea) in February 
or March, 1862; Henry Howland, born May 29, 1818, died Decem- 
ber 13, 1849; and Martha Ann, born January 16, 1835, and died 
May 11, 1835. Lucia Hammatt was the daughter of Priscilla 
Le Barron, who was the grand-daughter of Dr. Francis Le Bar- 
ron, who came to Plymouth about 1690. 

Hon. Albert Smith was born in the house on Broadway, nearly 
opposite Barden street, January 3rd, 1793, the third child of 
Captain Albert and Anne (Eells) Smith. He married, June 24, 
1814, Eoxa, daughter of Eev. Calvin Chaddock. He graduated 
from Brown University in 1813. After his marriage he lived in 
Maine, until he was sent to Congress from that State. While 
in Washington, where he became a successful la^^^er, he was con- 
cerned in the settlement of the boundary difficulties which resulted 
in the Webster-Ashburton Treaty and fixed our northern bounds 
against Canada. Later he returned to Massachusetts and settled 
in Boston, where he died May 29, 1867. His burly form and 
almost tempestuous good-will marked him for a man of 
the world, in whatever assemblage he might be found. 

Perez Simmons (Hon.), was a practising lawyer in town, from 
1843 to his death in 1885. He was born in the house where his 



son, John Franklin, now resides on Washington street, on the 
second day of January, 1811. His father, Ebenezer Simmons, 
was a direct descendant from Moyses Symonson, who came to 
this country in the " Fortune," in the spring of 1621, from Ley- 
den, where he had joined Mr. Robinson's congregation and Church. 
His mother was Sophia, daughter of Dr. Benjamin Eichmond, of 
Little Compton, Khode Island. Through her, Mr. Simmons was 
descended from Col. Benjamin Church, the old Indian fighter of 
Colonial times, who led the expedition which resulted in the defeat 
and death of Philip, Sachem of the Wampanoags; also from John 
Alden and Priscilla, Thomas Eogers, and Eichard Warren, all of 
the "Mayflower." 

Joshua Simmons, the great grandfather of Mr. Simmons, was 
also of Hanover and was a member of the town's committee of 
safety and otherwise was active in the Eevolution. Ebenezer, the 
father of Mr. Simmons, was a lieutenant in the militia, and as 
such, was for a uhile, during the war of 1812, in command of the 
fort at the Gurnet, at the entrance to Plymouth Harbor. 

After attending the district school and Hanover Academy, Mr. 
Simmons took tuition under Eev. Samuel Deane of Scituate (now 
Norwell), and with Mr. Deane he fitted for college. 

After graduation, Mr. Simmons decided upon the law as his 
profession and entered the office of Charles F. Tillinghast as a 
student, and was admitted to the Bar in Ehode Island. Although 
his life as practising lawyer for over forty years was passed in 
Massachusetts Courts, yet he was never formally admitted to the 
Massachusetts Bar. He was President of the Plymouth County 
Bar Association for a time. The courtesy of the profession in 
Massachusetts supplied the place of the more formal admission. 
During his legal studies, he acted as legislative reporter for the 
Providence Journal and as special correspondent for several news- 
papers. He had full charge for several months of another daily 
and weekly paper in Providence. This was before the days of 
railroads and telegraphs and his experiences in getting copy and 
the night rides to get it to press, while not unusual for the times, 
■would make interesting " stuff " for the modern magazinist. 

Mr. Simmons commenced the practice of law in Providence, 
E. I., and, while there, became much interested in the political 
affairs of the state, in which he became prominent and influential. 
This leading part taken by Mr. Simmons finally caused him to 
leave Providence. 

In 1843, he came back to Hanover, to the house where he was 


born and where he later died. Practise soon came to him even 
in the apparently inauspicious place where he was born and 
reared, until, after forty years, he laid down his work. During 
this long term of service at the bar, his work extended to almost 
every important case in his county, as the volumes of the Massa- 
chusetts Supreme Court llecords will show. At one term, he ap- 
peared in every case, civil and criminal, which was tried. He was 
a leader in breaking up the habit, into which Plymouth County 
lawyers had fallen, of going to Bristol County for Senior Counsel 
when important cases were tried. Soon after his return hom'^-, 
he was elected one of the Selectmen, Assessors, and Overseers of 
the Poor of the town and continued to hold these offices imtil his 
increasing practice made their duties too onerous. For a greater 
part of his life, his political opinions differed from those of a 
majority of his fellow townsmen; and yet they sent him to Boston 
as a member of the House of Representatives, in 1852 and, in 
1853 to the convention to revise the constitution of the Common- 
wealth. In 1859, he was elected a member of the Massachusetts 
Senate and was chairman of the Judiciary Committee of that body. 
At this session of the Legislature occurred the abolition of the 
Court of Common Pleas and the establishment of the Superior 
Court in its present form. Mr. Simmons was offered a seat upon 
the Bench of the new Court; but an over-modest appreciation of 
his own abilities caused him to refuse the proffered honor. A 
committee to revise the statutes then in force was also appointed 
by this legislature and Mr. Simmons was the first named member 
of that committee. The General Statutes of Massachusetts was 
the result of this committee's work. 

After the success of the "Know Xothing" movement in Massa- 
chusetts, Mr. Simmons was, for a while Commissioner of Insol- 
vency in this County. 

As a practitioner, Mr. Simmons, by his fair dealing with his 
associates, obtained their highest regard. By his forgetfulness of 
self and his indefatigable efforts in behalf of his clients, he marked 
himself as a faithful counsellor and a trustworthy lawyer. No 
man, however poor, ever sought his assistance in vain. His geni- 
ality of temper made him beloved by his neighbors and his 
thorough honesty of thought and expression gave him the respect 
even of those who disagreed with him. 

For many years, he was connected with the management of the 
South Scituate Savings Bank, being successively trustee, member 
of the Board of Investment, President, and Counsel. 


His mental processes werg always logical and, wherever his reason 
led, he followed, whether in politics, religion, or daily life, regard- 
less of expediency or the interest of the moment. 

He married. May 31, 1846, Adeline Jones, daughter of John 
Jones, who survived him for over twenty years. Their children 
were John Franklin, born June 26, 1851; Moyses Rogers, a gradu- 
ate of the Harvard Medical iSchool; and Sophia Richmond, (now 
deceased), first wife of Morrill A. Phillips. 

Mr. Simmons died at Hanover, May 14, 1885, aged 74 years, 
and was buried in the cemetery at Assinippi, where a substantial 
g]"anite monument is erected to his memory. His wife died June 
(), 1905, aged 81. 

At the exercises commemorative of Mr. Simmons, held by the 
Plymouth County Bar Association, October 28, 1887, resolutions 
in honor of his memory were passed. Addresses on this occasion 
were made by Hon. B. W. Harris, Daniel E. Damon, Esq., Harvey 
H. Pratt, and others. 

John Franklin Simmons, son of Perez and Adeline (Jones) 
Simmons, was born in the house where he now resides, on the 
twenty-sixth day of June, 1851. He attended the district school 
at Rocky Swamp for two years, beginning when he was seven years 
old. For six years he was a student at Assinippi Institute, where, 
during the latter part of the time he served as assistant teacher. 
Wlien he was fifteen years old, in the fall of 1866, he taught, for 
a few weeks, a private school at East Marslifield, now called Marsh- 
field Hills, established by Rev. Otis Leonard. The following 
winter, he taught the district school at \Aliiting street in this town, 
and, in September, 1868, he went to Phillips Exeter Academy to 
finish fitting for college. At Exeter he found himself under some 
disadvantage but at the end of the year he with two others led 
the class and, what was somewhat unusual for a single-year student, 
he had been elected to the Golden Branch Society and was one of 
its Vice Presidents. 

In June, 1869, he passed his examination for admission to Har- 
vard University without condition, being one of the three Exeter 
men to attain to that rank. He entered the class of 1873, the first 
class to enter after the present president, Charles W. Eliot, had 
been elected. 

He took a very high position in his college course, both in his 
studies and as a member of some of the prominent college societies. 
His ability as a debator and leader was a power recognized by his 


In the election during the senior year for its class ofl&cers, Mr. 
Simmons was elected orator of the class and received the congratu- 
lations of Pres. Eliot at the close of his oration on Class Day. 

At graduation Mr. Simmons received an offer of the assistant 
professorship of history at the United States Naval x\cademy at 
Annapolis, Maryland; also an offer of an assistant's place in the 
fitting school of Mr. Hopkinson at Boston, and of several other 
situations; but, having received the appointment of proctor in the 
college, he decided to stay and take up his studies in the Law 
School. Here he remained for a year and a half, when a good 
opening being offered as a partner with Hon. Jesse E. Keith, after- 
wards Judge of Probate for Plymouth County, Mr. Simmons left 
the law school and began the practice of law at Abington, in Feb- 
ruary, 1875, under the firm name of Keith and Simmons, having 
been admitted to the bar at Plymouth before Mr. Justice Aldrich 
of the Superior Court, at the February term, 1875. This partner- 
ship continued for eight years, when it was dissolved by mutual 
consent and Mr. Simmons formed the partnership of Simmons and 
Pratt, taking with him Harvey H. Pratt, Esq., who had been a 
student in his office and who was just admitted to the bar. Mr. 
Pratt was afterward District Attorney of Plymouth County. The 
firm of Simmons and Pratt was dissolved in June, 1894. In 1890 
they had left Abington and taken offices in Boston, where Mr. 
Simmons has since practiced law. For fifteen years continuously 
Mr. Simmons was a member of the school committee of Hanover^ 
resigning because he was to become a resident of the city of 

Mr. Simmons was for over eight years President and counsel of 
the South Scituate Savings Bank, succeeding his father in those 
positions. He was the receiver of the Abington National Bank in 
188(i, and in six months turned it over to the reorganized bank, be- 
coming himself one of the directors in the new institution. While 
Gen. B. F. Butler was Governor of Massachusetts, he offered and 
urged upon Mr. Simmons the position of Insurance Commissioner 
of this Commonwealth but Mr. Simmons declined it. In 1889,. 
December 26, Mr. Simmons went to Europe in connection with the 
somewhat important McNally will case, visiting while away, Ire- 
land, England, Wales, and France. 

July 7, 1905, at the invitation of the Bar Association of the 
State of Indiana, Mr. Simmons delivered the annual address before 
the meeting of the association at Indianapolis. 

At the first old Home Week exercises in this town, in July, 1903, 






Mr. Simmons delivered the oration, and the poem, which was read 
on that occasion, was written by him. 

On January 10, 1877, Mr. Simmons married Fannie Florence 
Allen, daughter of Cyrus W. and Mary Folger Allen. Mr. Allen 
at that time was the pastor of the First Congregational Church at 
Hanover. Mr. Simmons has four children, Henry Franklin, bom 
June 31st, 1878, who married Eugenia Highriter Jacobs, and has 
a daughter Thalia; Mary Fogler Simmons, born October 20, 1880, 
who married George Alden Curtis, and has a son, Jolm Franklin 
Curtis, born 1910; Perez Simmons, born June 4, 1892; and Eliza- 
beth Allen Simmons, born August 20th, 1895. 

Charles Follen Phillips, son of Ezra and Catherine H. Phillips, 
was born in Hanson, April 21st, 1846, and died January 30, 1885. 
He never practised in Hanover but had lived at South Hanover 
with his father and made that his home at the time of his death. 
He was a pupil of the Hanover Academy between 1854 and 1860. 
He graduated from Boston University Law School in 1873. He 
acted as assistant Eegister of Probate under his relative, Mr. 
Joseph H. Tyler, then Register for Middlesex County, until failing 
health compelled him to abandon his work. 

William Paley Duncan, son of Rev. Abel G. Duncan, who was 
pastor for over twenty years of the First Parish, was born April 1st, 
1831. He studied at Williston Seminary at Easthampton, Mass., 
and was at Amherst College. After teaching school in Maine, in 
Michigan, and in Massachusetts, he was admitted to the bar and 
practised in Boston. He married Abbie F. Crane. He died in 
1903. He was a poet of good quality. One of his latest, if not 
his last, piece of verse was written at the request of Hon. Jedediah 
Dwelley for the Old Home Week Souvenir and is given in the 
chapter on Schools and Education. 

Calvin Sylvester Tilden, son of Thomas Holmes and Julia 
Sylvester Tilden, was born in Hanover, Sept. 1, 1875. He fitted 
for college at the Boston Latin School and graduated from Harvard 
with the degi-ee of A. B. in 1898. Entering the Law School at 
Cambridge he took his L. L. B. in 1901. He at once entered upon 
the practice of law in Boston, where he has since remained, doing 
a good business. He is now of the law firm of Littlefield and 
Tilden, Boston. January 1st, 1905, he married Mary Murphy, 
daughter of Thomas V. Murphy of Boston. Mr. Tilden served in 
the Spanish American War. 



- In the early days of the colony, doctors were few and their resi- 
dences were far apart. It was indeed a dangerous case wliich 
caused the doctor to be called. The duties of the physician 
fell, therefore, to the most learned person in the neighbor- 
hood and, as this was almost always the clergyman of the parish, 
the early clergy acted frequently as doctors of the body as well as 
the soul. Every housewife had her remedies, usually of roots and 
herbs, which were prescribed sometimes with skill, sometimes with- 
out. The human body in those days as now displayed its wonderful 
power of recuperation in spite of the attempts made to " cure " it. 

The old practice of the early physicians of the best education is, 
in almost every particular, relegated to the limbo of mistakes and 
ignorance. The advance of modern science has been great and 
human life has added several years to its average duration. 

In 1781, the Massachusetts Medical Society was established, witli 
Edward A. Holyoke as its first President. In 1906, for the first 
time, the so-called Homeopathists were admitted to its membership. 

In 1799, Edward Jenner, a physician of Berkeley, England, 
discovered vaccination. A son of Dr. Benjamin Waterhousc of 
Boston, was the first person in the United States (in July ISOO) 
to be inoculated with matter procured from England. 

In 1810, towns were directed by the Legislature to appoint 
committees and defray the expense of vaccinating people. Prior 
to this time each town had its " Pest House." Hither would resort 
people who had inoculated themselves with the smallpox virus, to 
go through the terrible scourge of the much dreaded disease. 

Compulsory vaccination has almost rid the world of this terror. 
Its horrors have been so far alleviated by vaccination that its victims 
have dwindled, until they are far less numerous than those of the 
" White Plague," as tuberculosis, or consumption, is now called. 
The latter scourge is now, if seasonably put under treatment, al- 
most always curable. 

When we consider a few of the methods now in use by the 
medical profession which were entirely unknown in early colonial 
times, we can appreciate how much of horror has been driven from 
the bed of sickness. The discoverey of anaesthetics, the germ theory 
of disease, the asejH.ic surgery, new methods of reducing disloca- 
tions, the value of X-rays in diagnosis, are a few of the landmarks 
on the pathway of the medical profession. 

The first graduate physician of whom we have any knowledge 
as having practised within the territory now known as Hanover, 


was Dr. Chickering, who w%s called to attend Deacon Joseph 
Tilden, as early as 1670. He did not reside here and was probably 
John Cliickering, physician, son of Henry Chickering of Dedham, 
who came from Hempstead, Suffolk, England. Dr. Chickering was 
a Freeman in 1670. He married Elizabeth, daughter of Samuel 
Hagborne (or Hackbume) of Eoxbuiy, and settled in Charlestown 
about 1664, where they had several children. He died in Charles- 
town, July 28th, 1676, leaving a good estate to his widow, who 
married a second time. 

The first settled physician here of whom we have any knowledge, 
was Dr. Isaac Otis, who, says Mr. Deane, was, in 1719, voted one 
hundred pounds by the Town to encourage him to remain. But 
Barry, quoting from the Otis Genealogy in the X. E. Eegister, says 
he died in 1718. May not both be correct? For the first Dr. 
Isaac had a son Isaac, who Avas also a doctor and who (later, 
2)erhaps) settled in Bridgewatcr. He was "a gentleman of un- 
common accomplishments of person and mind." He married 
Deborah, daughter of David Jacobs, April 22nd, 1698. 

Rev. Charles Chauncey is said to have practised medicine for 
iiuout fifteen years, soon after the settlement of Scituate, as indeed 
did every clergyman in those early days to a greater or less extent. 
About this time, tliere practised in Hanover, Dr. Benjamin Stock- 
bridge, born in 1704, who studied medicine under Dr. Bulfinch 
of Boston, and settled in Scituate about 1734. He was the first 
physician of his day. His son Charles, born the same year, was 
also a physician of high repute. Xone of the foregoing resided 
on the present Hanover territory. 

Coming down to 1727, when Hanover was incorporated as a 
town, we find no physician resident within the territory which was 
set off from the mother town of Scituate. Apparently the services 
of a resident physician were not required sufficiently to induce one 
to settle here until 1749. Since that time the supply has slowly 
but steadily increased. 

In 1749, Dr. Jeremiah Hall settled in Hanover and remained 
until 1764, when he removed to Pembroke. He proved himself 
a valuable citizen and, while residing in Pembroke, was chosen 
a? delegate to the Provincial Congresses of 1774-T. 

He was surgeon in Josepli Thatcher's Company in 1757, during 
the French and Indian war. He died in Pembroke. 

Dr. Lemuel Cushing succeeded to his practice in Hanover and 
resided at the Corners. He was appointed by the Provincial Con- 
gress as Surgeon in tlie army during the Revolution. 


Dr. Gushing was followed by Dr. Peter Hobart, son of Peter 
Hobart of Hingham. Dr. Hobart was born July 31st, 1750, and 
for a time was an apprentice of Jeremiah Lincoln, an iron-smith. 
This service he left for the purpose of obtaining an education at 
Harvard University, where he graduated in 1775. He settled in 
Hanover and resided on Main street, north of Grove street. On 
November 16th, 1779, he married Mary Gushing of Hingham. He 
died at the early age of forty-three, and on his gravestone in 
Gentre Hanover cemetery is the following epitaph : 
"Thousands of journeys, night and day, 
I've travelled weary on the way, 
To heal the sick — but now I am gone 
A journey never to return." 
Dr. Hobart was succeeded by Dr. Galeb Marsh of Hingham, who 
was admitted to the Massachusetts Medical Society in 1792. In 
Hanover is recorded his intention of marriage, on January lOtli, 

1795 to Deborah Hobart of Bridgewater. He probably resided in 
the Baldwin House, as, in 1794, Eobert Salmond, who was then 
living in this house, conveyed the same with 100 acres of land to 
Caleb Marsh, physician, of Hanover. (See Plymouth Deeds, Book 
76, Page 238) His widow survived him many years and died in 
the State of New York. 

Dr. David Bailey of Hanover began the practice of medicine in 

1796 and died in 1836. He lived about one half a mile north of 
the Universalist church, in what is now Norwell. He was married, 
November 7th, 1800, by the Reverend John Mellen, to Joanna 
Curtis of Hanover, and was probably married a second time. 

Dr. Charles Stockbridge also practised here, being admitted to 
the Massachusetts Medical Society in 1781. He died in 1806, agtd 
seventy-two years. 

In 1797, Dr. Melzer Dwelley of Ashburnham, son of Josepl) 
Dwelley, moved to Hanover to the house on Hanover street, after- 
wards occupied by Norman Chamberlain. He practiced medicine 
here until his death on November 20th, 1828, at the age of fifty- 
seven years. His skillful services were in great demand for miles 
around. He is said to have left descendants resident in South 
Boston and Ashburnham. 

Dr. Nathaniel Jacobs, son of Nathaniel of Hanover, was born 
at Assinippi, July 16, 1782, in the house afterward used for an 
Alms house. He graduated from Harvard College in 1806, studied 
medicine with Dr. Smith, at Hanover, New Hampshire, and settled 
in Canandaigua, New York; there he died, August 25, 1814, leav- 
ing descendants. 


Dr. Gideon Barstow, born i^ Hanover, September 7th, 1783, 
graduated from Brown University in. 1801. He was admitted to 
the Massachusetts Medical Society in 1808. In 1820, he was a 
member of the Convention for revising the Constitution of Massa- 
chusetts, and, in 1821-3, was a member of Congress from 
Massachusetts. After graduating from the Brown University, he 
studied under Dr. Kittridge of Salem, where he settled for a time, 
before coming to Hanover. He removed to Brooklinc, Massachu- 
setts, where he ijracticed until 1831, when he retired. He died in 
1852 at St. Augustine, Fla., where he went for his health. 

Dr. Joseph Bossuet settled at the Corners, where he remained 
for a few years. He was practicing, certainly, in Hanover in the 
years, 1799 and 1800. 

Dr. Calvin Tilden of Hanson extended his practice into Han- 
over. He was admitted to the Massachusetts Medical Society in 
1810. He died in 1832, aged fifty-seven years. 

Dr. Horatio Stoekbridge of Hanover studied medicine with Dr. 
Freeman Foster of Scituate. He removed frojn Massachusetts to 
Maine and then went to Woonsocket, E. I. 

Dr. John Stoekbridge of Hanover studied medicine with Dr. 
Gad Hitchcock of Pembroke, now Hanson. In 1804, he went to 
Topsham, Maine; in 1805 to Bath, where he died m 1849. In. 
1822, he received an honorary degree of M. D. from Dartmouth 

Dr. Setli T. Barstow of Hanover studied medicine in Philadel- 
phia with Dr. Rusli. He died in Bradford Count}', Pennsylvania^ 
at the age of twenty-three years. 

Beginning the nineteenth century, there were two and, possibly, 
three physicians in town. Dr. Charles Cartier, a native of Mar- 
tinique, who came from Plymouth and practised his profession here 
for seven years, was an eccentric but educated man. He removed 
to Hanson and, later, returned to his native country. AVhile here. 
he boarded with Eeuben Curtis. He was here in 181G. 

Dr. Joshua Studley, born in Hanover, September loth, 1784, 
practised here from 1808 until his death on February 28th, 1848, 
at the age of sixty-three years. He was an active and useful man 
and was Town Clerk for eight of the forty years he practised 
here. In 1829, he was admitted to the Massachusetts Medical 
Society. He resided on Hanover street, where Joshua Studlev 
now resides. 

Dr. Ezekiel Dodge Gushing, Jr., was bom in Hanover, in 1790, 
and became an eminent physician, practising in some of the largest 


hospitals of France, before returning to Hanover in 1827, where he 
settled at the Four Comers. He died, April 5th, 1828, at the age 
of thirty-eight years. His death was a great loss to the town. 
He was admitted to the Massachusetts Medical Society in 1840. 

Dr. Henry Wade was in Hanover in 1829 and died in 1830, 
aged twenty-six years. His widow taught a private school in the 
Whitman House, at North Eiver bridge. She was a Quakeress 
^nd married for her second husband a Mr. Taber of New Bedford. 

Dr. Jacob Richards practised in Hanover a few years after 1834. 
He removed to Braintree. While in Hanover, he resided at the 
corner of Oakland avenue and Broadway. 

He was followed by Dr. Calvin Barton Pratt, who practised here 
two years, and, in 1838, removed to Bridgewater, where, in 1844, 
he wa^ admitted lo the Massachusetts Medical Society. He must 
have lived in the house, now burned, on the Pantooset Place at 
Xorth Eiver bridge. One son was born there. For many years 
he edited the Bridgewater Independent. He died in Bridgewater, 
February, 1898. 

Dr. Joseph Bassett Fobes succeeded Dr. Pratt as a resident 
physician in Hanover. He practised here thirteen years, removing 
to Bridgewater in 18ol. He practised there until 1886, when he 
retired, having returned to Hanover in the meantime for a few 
years. He was admitted to the Massachusetts Medical Society in 
1856. At the time of his death, which occurred some few years 
ago, he was a resident of Bridgewater. He was a most accurate 
diagnostician and, although dogmatic in his adherence to the older 
practise, yet he was a most successful practitioner. Dr. Fobes was 
a very Englishman in appearance, of medium height and burly 
build. His visits were always very bustling and business-like. 

Dr. Benjamin "Whitwell came to Hanover in 1850, and resided 
in the house afterwards occupied by Dr. Woodbridge P. Howes, 
and now by his son. Dr. Clarence L. Howes, although he first 
started practice with his office at the Tavern, now called the Han- 
over House, in the southeast corner room. He graduated from the 
Harvard Medical School in 1848 and also studied at the Tremont 
Medical School under Drs. Bigclow, Storer, Jackson, and others. 
He started practice in Holyoke but soon removed to Hanover, and 
while here was admitted to the Massachusetts Medical Society in 
lSo3. He died in 1857, aged forty years. 

Dr. Alfred Charles Garratt, son of Richard Garratt of Brook- 
iiaven, Long Island, succeeded Dr. Fobes. He was born, October 
'3rd, 1813, in Brooklyn, Xew York. He was a graduate of Lenox 


Academy, College, and Medical School, College of Physicians and 
Surgeons in New York, in 183G, and also of the Berkshire Medical 
College. He was surgeon to the United States Dragoons at Fort 
Des Moines, Iowa, and United States vice-consul at Port-Au-Prince 
for two years. He then settled in Abington, Mass., where he 
practiced medicine and kept an apothecary's shop at the same 

He was admitted to the Massachusetts ^iedical Society in 184!) 
and retired from practice in 1888. Coming to Hanover in 185 L 
he resided in tlie house left vacant by Dr. Fob?s. which was 
originally built by the Eev. Joab G. Cooper, rector of Saint An- 
drew's Parish, partly out of the wood of the Episcopal Church 
building at Churcji Hill, which was torn down, when the present 
edifice was erected in Hanover. This house is now occupied by 
Mrs. James T. Tolman and her daughter. 

After practicing in Hanover for about twenty years. Dr. Garratt 
removed to Boston where for some time he had an office in the 
I'ear of the old Tremont House, on the site of which the Tremont 
Building now stands. In 1889, he went out of the state and, in 
1891, died in the State of New York, aged seventy-eight years. 

Dr. John Ordway French came to Hanover in 1854, occupying 
the house where Drs. Fobes and Garratt had previously resided. 
He was born in Gilmanton, New Hampshire, November 9th, 1821. 
He graduated from Dartmouth Medical College in 1844 and prac- 
ticed several years in New Hampshire, before coming to Hanover. 
He married, first, Martha D., sister of Hon. Charles H. Peaslee, 
member of Congress for New Hampshire and afterward Collector 
of the port of Boston. Although he had an established practice 
]n Hanover and tJie surrounding to^vns, he offered his services to 
his country, as soon as the war of the Rebellion broke out, and 
served as assistant surgeon in the field at Washington, until the 
close of the contest. He was surgeon on the field during the battle 
of Bull Run, and at the Douglass and Carver Hospitals in Wash- 
ington. Later he was with the Twenty-third United States Colored 
regiment of InfanliT of Brownsville, Texas, where he was ap- 
pointed Medical Purveyor of the Gulf District. He was never 
known to get exeited ; no matter how trying the circumstances, 
always maintaining a calm, firm demeanor. He had a strong con- 
stitution and great powers of endurance; was a cool and skilful 
operator, working often day and night without rest. 

After the war he opened a drug store at 147 Leverett street, 
Boston, and, two years later, formed a partnership with his brother- 


in-law, Captain John Percival. Together they kept the well 
known drng store at the corner of State and Wasliington streets, 
which afterwards was moved to the corner of City Hall avenue 
and School street. 

After a year or two with Captain Percival, Dr. French returned 
to Hanover and settled near North River bridge in the house now 
occupied by Dr. A. L. McMillan. He had a large and lucrative 
jjractice and enjoyed the confidence of those to whom he was re- 
lated as a family physician, until his death. On September 19th, 
1887, as he was driving into his yard, he was thrown from his 
chaise, striking on his head. Four days later he became uncon- 
scious and died on September 27th, of concussion of the brain and 
cerebral hemorrhage, at the age of sixty-six years. He was ad- 
mitted to the Massachusetts Medical Society in 1860. On June 
18th, 1861, he became a Eoyal Arch Mason in St. Paul's Eoyal 
Arch Chapter in Boston. He was also a member of the Old 
Colony Commandery of Knights Templars of Abington and of 
Phoenix Lodge, F. & A. M., of Hanover. 

Dr. Francis Collamore of North Pembroke, a student at Hanover 
Academy, has always extended his practice somewhat into Hanover. 
He graduated from Dartmouth Medical School. 

Dr. Ira Warren, author of the "Household Physician" so exten- 
sively used at home and abroad and on almost every ship for 
many years, was born in Canada and was a preceptor of Hanover 
Academy and a resident here. He later moved to Boston, where 
he was admitted to the Massachusetts Medical Society in 1853, and 
died in 1864, at the age of fifty-eight years. He is buried at 
Centre Hanover. 

Dr. Woodbridge Ruggles Howes, born in Rochester, Massachu- 
setts, on August 12th, 1817, came to Hanover in 1863. He was 
educated in the Rochester schools and Middleboro Academy and 
taught school for several years, keeping books for a ship building 
firm at the same time. He studied medicine in the Pittsfield and 
Harvard medical schools, graduating from both. He was first 
Lieutenant, Company D, 18th regiment, M. V. M., from July, 
1861 until May, 1862, when he was discharged for disability. Later 
he was appointed surgeon at Camp Joe Hooker and, in the autumn 
of 1862, he became assistant surgeon of the third regiment, M. V. 
M., in North Carolina, and returned with the regiment in 1863. 
In tlie fall of the same year he came to Hanover as assistant to 
Dr. Joseph Fobes, who still remained here. In 1864, Dr. Howes 
assumed Dr. Fobes' entire practice and was an active and much 


beloved practitioner for many j^ears. He became a member of the 
Massachusetts Medical Society in 1866 and retired from practice 
in 1885. He was a member of the ISTorth Elver Lodge of the I. 
0. 0. F. and other organizations. 

In 1847 he married Mary AV. White of Mattapoisett, Massachu- 
setts, who died in 1891. Dr. Howes died February 4th, 1898, at 
the age of eighty years. 

Dr. Nathaniel h. Downes came to Hanover prior to 1869, and 
practiced in the town for several years. He was clerk of the 
Second Congregational Church from 1869 to 1873. In 1874 he 
left the State. He became a member of the Massachusetts Medical 
Society in 1846 and resigned in 1874. He again became a member 
in 1878, being then a resident of East Boston. He retired from 
active practice in 1892 and died, January 8th, 1903, aged 84 years. 
He lived in the Jiouse where Mrs. James T. Tolman resides. 

Dr. Clarence L. Howes was associated with his father for many 
} «ars and succeeded to his practice. He was born in Mattapoisett, 
March 24, 1848. He moved to Hanover in May, 1864. He fitted 
for college at Hanover Academy, graduated at Amherst in 1869, 
and at the Massachusetts Institute of Teclmology in 1873. He 
taught school and spent some years as a civil engineer. He then 
took a course in medicine at Dartmouth Medical School, and the 
Long Island College Hospital, where he graduated in 1878, 
and still enjoys a substantial practice in Hanover. 

Dr. Charles P. French, the son of John 0. French, was born in 
Chesterfield, New Hampshire, November 7th, 1847. He studied 
medicine at the Georgetown University, Washington, D. C, and 
at Dartmouth Medical College, where he graduated, in 1874. He 
practiced in Duxbury, Massachusetts, and then went as ship's sur- 
geon to the Azores and Madeira. He was in the 3rd U. S. Cavalry 
in Arizona, and, later in Wyoming. Since then he has practiced 
medicine on Cape Cod. At the present time he is not practicing. 

Dr. Henry L. Sweeny was born in Bridgewater, Massachusetts, 
April 3rd, 1858, the son of Edward M. and Lucy N. Sweeny. He 
was a student at Hanover Academy and afterwards at the Adams 
Academy at Quincy. He entered Harvard in 1878, and the medical 
scliool in 1879, having given up college owing to his health. He 
graduated from the Harvard Medical School as an M. D. in 1882, 
and began to practice at Kingston, N. H., but within a few months, 
he associated himself witli a physician in Boston. In 1883 he 
came to Hanover, taking the practice of Dr. John 0. French, dur- 
ing Dr. French's absence in Florida. In 1884, Dr. Sweeny opened 


an office in Bates Block, where Masonic Hall now stands. Later 
he moved to the old Wilder house. He was married in 1884 to 
Ella Towle of Kingston, N. H. 

In 1890, much to the regret of many of his friends and patients 
in Hanover, Dr. Sweeny returned to Kingston, N. H., where he 
has since been in practice. He has the respect of the people of 
that place, and they have honored him with the offices of Town 
Clerk, member of the school board, county physician, moderator, 
secretary of the Board of Health, and Justice of the Peace. 

Soon after the death of Dr. French, Dr. Andrew L. MacMillan 
came to Hanover, purchased Dr. French's house and succeeded to 
a large part of his practice. He graduated from Dartmouth 
College in the class of 1872, and from the Albany Medical College 
in 1879, and was admitted to the Massachusetts Medical Society 
in 1890. He married and has a son, Andrew L., Junior, who 
graduated from Dartmouth in 1905, and from the Harvard Medical 
School in 1909. Since his residence in Hanover, he has had a 
large and lucrative practice. 

In 1890, Dr. Nathaniel Kingsbury Xoyes succeeded to the prac- 
tice of Dr. Sweeny. He was admitted the same year to the 
Massachusetts Medical Society. He was born at Manchester, N. 
H., January 16th, 1865. He graduated from the Dartmouth' 
Medical School, November 18, 1889, and began as surgeon in St. 
Elizabeth's Hospital. He remained there until Nov. 19, 1890, 
when he opened his office at Hanover Four Corners. September 
1st, 1892, he removed to Duxbury, where he has since practiced 
most successfully. 

In 1894, Dr. Frank Hollis Burnett came to Hanover, where 
he practiced until 1896, when he removed to Broclcton. He was 
admitted to the Massachusetts Medical Society in 1897. 

In 1896, Dr. Charles Dudley, son of Dr. Henry W. Dudley of 
Abington, came to Hanover and succeeded to the practice of Dr. 
Burnett. He is a graduate of the Harvard Medical School. He 
became a member of the Massachusetts Medical Society the same 
year. In 1898 he removed to Cambridge, where he has practiced. 
He is married and has several children. 

The physician who succeeded Dr. Dudley, Dr. William Pride 
Grovestein, graduated from Tufts Medical College in 1896, being 
admitted to the Massachusetts Medical Society the same year. 

The three physicians now resident at Hanover are Dr. Clarence 

L. Howes, Dr. Andrew L. MacMillan and Dr. Charles Hammond. 

Dr. Moyses Eogers Simmons, son of Perez and Adeline (Jones) 


Simmons, was born Xovember loth, 1857, in the old Simmons 
liome at Assinippi. He was educated in the public schools, at 
Assinippi Institute, and Harvard medical school, where he took 
his M. D. in 1882. He practised at Lynn, Boston, and Stoughton. 
He now resides at Brookline, Massachusetts and is out of practice. 
He married Ida M. Blatchford of Gloucester, Mass. He has no 

Dr. Eli E. Josselyn was born in Hanover, May, 1S4G, the son 
of Eli C. and Hannah F. Josselyn. He attended the public schools 
and, for a few terms, was a pupil of John S. Crosby, at Assinippi 
Institute. His mind was not bound by tradition but his eagerness 
to try all things led him through many of the by-ways of thought. 
The last years of his life were passed as resident physician at the 
Pennsylvania Insane Asylum, at Philadelphia. He obtained his 
degree from a medical school in New York. He was married but 
was a widower at the time of his death, which occurred suddenly 
at his post of duty, Sept. 15, 1903. His remains lie in the cemetery 
at Hanover Center. He practiced for a time in Marlboro and 
afterwards was in the A'anderbilt Hospital in New York. He was 
very much liked in his work at Philadelphia. He was very sym- 
pathetic and kind in, his treatment of the insane. 

Edwin Howard Brigham, M. D. (Harvard Medical School, 1868), 
is a summer resident of Hanover and has been, since 1893, living 
at the corner of Broadway and Winter street. The doctor is not 
in active practice of medicine but is assistant and executive 
librarian of the Boston Medical Library on the Fenway in Boston. 

The doctor was born on Sept. 27, 1810. He was a private in the 
4th Battalion of Rifles, M. V. M., and private in Company A, 13th 
Mass. Vols., in the war of the Rebellion. His service occurred in 
Maryland and Vii'ginia, on General Bank's expedition, at the 
Battle of Thoroughfare Gap, and the second battle of Bull Run, 
where he was taken prisoner, Aug. 30th, 1862. 

Dr. Lloyd Vernon Briggs was born in Boston, Massachusetts, 
August 13, 1863, and is the son of Lloyd and Sarah Elizabeth 
Elms Kent Briggs. His early education was obtained in the 
public schools and at Hanover Academy, of the Alumni Association 
of which he was for many years president. His medical education 
was obtained at Tufts College Medical School, Dartmouth College 
Aledical School, and Medical College of Virginia, where he gradu- 
ated in 1899. In 1890 he went to Europe and again in 1905. He 
has travelled extensively. He married Mary T. Cabot of Brook- 
line, Mass., daughter of Louis and Amy Hemenway Cabot, Juno 


1, 1905, and is now practicing medicine at Xo. 208 Beacon street, 
Boston, devoting his attention especially to mental and nervous 

Dr. Briggs ha^ had a most active life. His interests havo 
covered a broad and diversified field. He has been a business man 
and a notary public in connection with his father's very extensive 
practice in that line. He has written the following historical 
works : 

History of Ship Building on North River, Plymouth County, 

History and Records of the First Congregational Church, Han- 
over, Mass. 

History and Records of St. Andrew's Protestant Episcopal 

Genealogies of the difllerent families bearing the name of Kent. 

"A Consideration of Auto-Intoxication and Auto-Infection as 
cause of various mental disorders," and many other medical 

As further illustrating the doctor's intense activity, some of ids 
responsibilities appear in the following list covering the year 1901. 

Member of the staff of the Boston Dispensary; member of the 
American Medical Association ; member of the Massachusetts Medi- 
cal Society; member of the Boston Medical Library Association; 
president of the Alpha Kappa Kappa Society of the Dartmouth 
Medical College; treasurer of the Tyler Street Day Nursery Com- 
pany, Boston ; president of the Lever Suspension Bridge Company ; 
director of the Georgia and Tennessee Copper Company; member 
of St. Botolph Club, Boston ; member of National Arts Club ; mem- 
ber of Strollers Club of New York City ; member of Eastern Yacht 
Club, Marblehead, Mass ; member of Sequit Club, AVianno, Mass. ; 
member of the Pilgrim Royal Arch Chapter of Masons; member 
of New England Sportsman's Association; member of The Citizen's 
Law and Order League of Massachusetts; a mate of the Nautical 
Historical Society of Scituate, Mass. ; member of New England 
Historic Genealogical Society; member of Bostonian Society; 
member of Old Colony Historical Society; member of Essex Insti- 
tute of Salem; member of Maine Genealogical Society; member 
of New Haven Colony Historical ; member of Society of Connecti- 
cut; member of Hanson, Mass., Library Association; member of 
Missouri Historical Society; trustee of Pilgrim Society, Plymouth; 
honorary member of the Macon, Georgia, Society; member of Li- 
brary and Historical Society, of the State of Kansas Historical 
Society; member of the New London County Historical Society 


of Connecticut ; and of the Tjieatre of Arts and Letters ; vice-presi- 
dent of the Hancock Historical Societ}', New Hampshire; member 
of the Old Colony Commission; member of the American Folk 
Xiore Society. 

Xote: This chapter was prepared by Mr. Simmons before Dr. 
Hammond came to Hanover. A brief sketch of his life, however, 
is given in the genealogical portion of tliis work. 


Herbert Cushing Tolman, son of James T. and Mary T. (Briggs) 
Tolman was born in Norwell, then South Scituate, November 4, 
1865, and attended the public schools there. In 1879 his father 
purchased the house on the corner of Oakland avenue and Broad- 
way, at the Four Corners, and moved there. Mr. Tolman fitted 
ior Yale college and graduated there, receiving the degree of B. 
A. in 1888. He made a special study of Sanskrit and Oriental 
languages, while in college, and, after graduation, he was assistant 
in teaching the Indo-European languages at his Alma Mater. He 
studied in the Universities of Berlin and Munich, Germany, and 
became assistant professor of Sanskrit in the University of Wis- 

In 1893, he became professor of the Greek language and litera- 
ture in Vanderbilt University, where he has remained ever since. 
His Alma Mater gave him her degree of Ph. D., in 1890, and his 
adopted University created him D. D., in 1901. He is a member 
of the Phi Beta Kappa society. 

In 1895 he was elected Fellow of the Royal Asiatic society and, 
in 1904, he was chosen to deliver an address at the Congress of 
Arts at the Louisiana Purchase Exposition, held at St. Louis, com- 
monly called the St. Louis Exposition. In 1905, he was a repre- 
sentative to the International Congress of Archasology , held at 
Athens, Greece. 

His editorial work and the books he has written up to date 
(1906, Jan. 1) are as follows: 

Ancient Persian Cuneiform Inscriptions. 

Caesar's Gallic War. 

Greek Gospel of St. Matthew. 

Greek and Roman Mythology. 

The Art of Translating. 

Herodotus and the Empire ©f the East. 

Myeeuiean Troy. 

Urbs Beata, or Vision of the Perfect Life; a series of 30 ad- 
dresses to young men. 


Numerous articles in Philological Journals. 

He is senior editor of an Oriental series in li volumes, not yet 
entirely published. He married Mary B. Wells of Hartford, Conn. 
He has no children. 

Hon. Jedediah Dwelley, one of the authors of this history, is 
more truly than can perhaps be said of any other citizen, one of 
the fathers of the town. He was born and has always lived in 
Hanover. The date of his birth is February 28, 1834. He is the 
son of Lemuel and Sarah J. (Bailey) Dwelley, who lived on 
Union street. Mr. Dwelley is a descendant of Eichard Dwelley, 
who came to this Country prior to 1854, and was a soldier in King 
Philip's War. Mr. Dwelley's education was obtained in the public 
schools and at the Haiiover Academy, under the teaching of Mr. 

At the age of twenty-five, he was chosen selectman of his native 
town and served in that capacity for thirty years. During the 
Eebellion he was Chairman of the Selectmen, the youngest chair- 
man in the State. , 

For twelve years he was a member of the school committee and 
was such when the high school was started. He was one of the 
committee imder whose direction the present town hall was built. 

For nine or ten years he was special County Commissioner and 
County Commissioner for twenty-seven years, the greater portion 
of that time being the chairman of the board. Under his official 
care the Plymouth Court House was enlarged and remodelled, the 
jail built, the Brockton Court House built, and more roads and 
bridges built than under any man who ever held the office. 

He was a member of the several boards of commissioners to 
build, start and foster the Truant school at Walpole, for the Coun- 
ties of Norfolk, Plymouth and Bristol. He was representative to 
the General Court in 1865 and senator from this district in 1873 
and 1874. 

No man who iias lived in the to^vn has been so long and so 
intimately connected with all that is best for the town and its 

He has been the friend in need of every man, woman and child 
in town who needed a friend and his own language describes ac- 
curately his character, when he said : "If it can be truthfully 
said that I have loved mercy and dealt justly, personally, this would 
seem to me greater honor than to recount my years of official ser- 

He married Elizabeth A., the daughter of Silas Hollis of Han- 
over, and has one child only, a daughter Josie, now tlie wife of 
Rev. Melvin S. Nash, one of the present board of school committee. 



Education. Public Library. 

By Jedediah Dwelley. 


With the exception of professional men, there were few, if any, 
residents of the town who had, previous to 1850, received a college 
education. Yet Hanover, in common with other towns, has ever 
considered the education of the youth as of paramount importance. 

As early as 1663, the General Court at Plymouth recommended 
that the several towns and townships within its jurisdiction should 
take some course by which every town should have a schoolmaster 
for the training of children in reading and writing. 

In 1677, it was enacted that "Foreasmuch as the maintenance of 
good literature doth much tend to the advancement of the weak 
and flourishing estate of societies and Eepubliques. This Court 
doth therefor order : That, in whatsoever township in this Gov- 
ernment consisting of fifty families or upwards, any meet man 
shall be obtained to teach a Gramer Scoole, such townshipp shall 
allow at least twelve pounds in currant marchantable pay to be 
raised by rate on all tlie Inhabitants of such Towne ; and those that 
have the more emediate benefitt thereof by theere childrens good 
and general good shall make up the residue necessarie to maintain 
the same; and that the profitts ariseing of the Cape Fishing, here- 
tofore ordered to maintaine a Gramer Sooole in this CoUonie, be 
distributed to such Townes as have such Gramer Scooles, for the 
maintainence thereof; not exceeding iive pounds per annum to any 
such Towne unless the Court Treasurer or others apointed to 
manage that affaire see good cause to adde therunto to any re- 
spective Towne, not exceeding five pounds more per annum ; and, 
further, this Court orders that every such Towne as consists of 
seventy families or upwards and hath not a gramer scoole therein 
sliall allow and pay unto the next towne which hath such Gramar 
scoole kept up amongst them, the sum of five pounds p. annum in 


current merchantable pay, to be levied on the Inhabitants of sucb 
defective townes by rate and gathered and delivered by the Con- 
stables of such Townes as by warrant from any Majestrate of this. 
Jurisdiction shall be required." 

We have but little knowledge of what system there was for ed- 
ucating the youth who resided in what is now the town of Hanover, 
previous to its incorporation. Neither Mitchell nor Deane thro^v" 
much light on the subject. 

As early as 1700, Scituate raised a small sum towards supporting- 
a free school, and James Torrey was appointed to teach the children 
and youth to read and write, on condition that he be paid 20 shil- 
lings in money for each and every person sent to the school, the 
parent or master engaging to pay fifteen shillings of the said 
twenty, the town having agreed to pay the other five shillings and 
"^those that send any child to the school shall provide books, pen,, 
ink, and paper." 

In 1704, "The Town directed the school to be kept one third of 
the year at each end of the Town and one third in the middle." 

In 1711, "The Town provided that the Selectmen should provide- 
but one grammar school, and that to be kept in the middle of the 
Town and not to be removed." 

In 1712, "The Town ordered three schools, one in the middle 
and one at each end, appropriating 32£ for that in the Center and 
16£ each for the other two." 

In the Act incorporating the Town of Hanover, the customary 
stipulation, of the establishment and support of a school, was in- 
serted, and, accordingly, March 2, 1727-28 it was "Voted to keep a 
school this year at three places, where the Selectmen shall think 
best," and 27£ 10s (old tenor) was assessed for its support. It. 
does not appear who the teacher was at this time. The school 
was kept in private houses, and those of Joseph Cornish (who lived 
on Hanover street, west of Washington street), and of John Bailey,, 
(who lived opposite the house of Frank Stockbridge on Main 
street) , were used for the purpose. 

In 1729, the town "Voted 50£ for school purposes." In April, 
1730, "a standing school" was voted, "at or near the Meeting- 
House," and, May 18, provision was made for building 'a school- 
house of wood. This first schoolhouse stood near the centre of the 

In 1734, a schoolmaster was appointed, and Barry says of himr 
"1734, May 14, Eichard Fitzgerald was voted 'schoolmaster'; and 
he continued to teach in the town until his death in 1746. Where 


Mr. Fitzgerald originated I have been unable to learn. He seems 
to have been a man of talent, well skilled in the languages, 
especially Latin, and to have taught with good success. He was 
an instructor in Scituate, before his settlement in Hanover, and 
had the honor of preparing for the University the Hon. William 
Cashing, LL. D., who graduated at Harvard college in 1751, and 
was educated for the bar under the care of the celebrated Jeremy 
Cridley of Boston, for many years attorney general of the Province 
of Massachusetts. We consider the town highly favored in secur- 
ing the services of so valuable a man early in its municipal career ; 
and, under his judicious training many were reared who afterwards 
became distinguished in the town and state." 

Mr. Fitzgerald lived on what is known as "Woodward Hill" ; the 
cellar of the house in which he lived being still visible. 

In March, 1746, a movable school was voted, "to be kept the 
first three months at the schoolhouse by the meeting house; the 
next three, at or near the house of John Studley (who lived near 
the Four Corners) ; the third term, at or near the house of David 
Jenkins (who lived on Union street, at the end of Pine street) ; 
and, the last term, at or near the house of Isaac Hatch (who lived 
on the corner of School and King streets)." 

June 27, 1748, a movable school was voted, to be kept, from 
December 16 to March 16, at the new schoolhouse, near Silvanus 
Wing's (on Circuit street) ; from October 1st to December 16th, at 
or near the dwelling-house of Benjamin Stetson's (on Main street, 
where John S. Smith now resides), the residents of that quarter to 
provide the place; from August 1 to October 1, at or near William 
Dwelley's (near the junction of Elm street with Broadway), the 
residents of that quarter to provide the place; and, the remainder 
of the year, at the schoolhouse by the meeting house. October 31, 
6£ 10s were voted to John Barker for boarding the schoolmaster in 
1747, and 4£ 10s to Silvanus Wing, and 6£ to John House, for the 
like purpose. 

In 1750, the record shows that Joseph Gushing was "seliool- 
master," and the same year a moving school was voted. JSTov. 27, 
1750, "Voted to Margaret Fitzgerald ISs 8d for boarding Joseph 
Gushing, schoolmaster, last winter." This is the first time that 
Mr. Gushing's name appears on the records as a teacher, and he 
continued to serve the town in that capacity, a part of the time 
for several years. "He is the gentleman who afterwards bceame 
distinguished in the history of the State, and whose services we 
shall sketch in our Chapter on the Revolution." It may be well to 


state here, in passing, that the Margaret Fitzgerald above men- 
tioned was the widow of the schoolmaster, Eichard Fitzgerald. 

In 1752, Luke Stetson (a son of Benjamin Stetson) was named 
as one of the masters for that year; bills of board for twenty-six 
weeks, being credited and allowed, and his own bill for services. He 
continued to teach for several years. Mr. Stetson and Mr. Gush- 
ing were both, probably, pupils of Mr. Fitzgerald and received from 
him valuable aid, qualifying them for the positions they held. 
Luke Stetson taught nine months in 1751-53 for 18£, he paying his 
own board. 

March 9, 1772, a committee was chosen to divide the town into 
four quarters, and determine where each schoolhouse should stand. 
They reported as follows : "First : That the schoolhouse by the 
meeting house in the middle quarter, so-called, stands as conven- 
iently to accommodate said quarter as we can place it. Secondly : 
The schoolhouse in the east quarter is equally convenient in loca- 
tion. Thirdly: In the north quarter, or on Curtis street, we 
recommend the removal of the house northward, between the 
dwelling-houses of Joseph Bates and Caleb Sylvester. (This was 
located probably near the brook which crosses the street near the 
present residence of J. Howard Brooks). Fourthly: In the 
westerly quarter, we recommend either the removal of the present 
schoolhouse to a spot of plain ground between the dwelling-houses 
of Isaac Hatch and Stephen Eandall (near School street), or the 
erection of an additional house between the dwelling-houses of 
Eliab and Benjamin Studley's (on Pleasant street), the time to be 
equally divided between said two schoolhouses." 

March 15, 1784. The selectmen were instructed to hire a 
grammar schoolmaster for three months, and Mr. Thomas is named 
as one of the teachers for this year. At the same meeting, Joseph 
Brooks, Joseph Ramsdell, Jr., Robert L. Eells, and Timothy Rob- 
bins, with the three selectmen, were chosen to divide the town 
into four quarters; and it was voted, "That one quarter shall not 
send their children into another school quarter." 

In 1799, the town raised the sum of three hundred dollars for 
the support of schools. 

In 1808, the school districts were numbered as follows: The 
Meeting House District, No. 1 ; Broad Oak, No. 2 ; Upper Forge 
(or South Hanover) No. 3; Drinkwater (School street) No. 4; 
Beech Woods (probably Pleasant street) No. 5; Curtis street. No. 
6; "Snappet," No. 7. In 1831-32, the Curtis street District was 
divided, the southerly part being called No. 8. 



March 8, 1819. A school- committee was chosen consisting of 
the "three selectmen, and all the ministers in the town, together 
with Ebenezer Curtis, John B. Barstow, Kobert Salmond, Caleb 
Whiting, Elisha Barrell, Jr., Paul Perry, and Elijah Wing.'' 
November 1, 1819. "This committee was discharged, and a new 
one chosen, consisting of Eev. John Butler, Rev. Calvin Wolcott, 
Eev. Seth Chapin, Aaron Hobart, Esq., and Dr. Joshua Studley." 

In 1827, a general committee of seven was chosen, and also 
seven persons as a prudential committee, one for each district. 

Previous to 1800, it would seem by the records that the selectmen 
employed the teachers. There could have been little supervision, 
and it is doubtful if under the circumstances, any was needed. 
The schools were mixed, the youngest and oldest occupying the 
same room, and independent character was developed. The school 
term was short, and the boys (most of them), after reaching the 
age of ten, enjoyed the advantages of schooling in the winter term 
only. About the beginning of the nineteenth century, the records 
show that there was an effort made to have a degree of independent 
supervision, and persons whose title was usually given as "school 
c^ommittee," were elected. 

In 1827, a ]3rudential committee of one person for each district 
was elected. This person selected the teacher for his district, and 
had the general oversight of the school property. This system of 
choosing a prudential committee was continued until 1858. 

For three quarters of a century at least, after the incorporation of 
the town, the schoolhouses were erected and paid for by the town, 
and for half a century afterwards the houses were constructed and 
paid for by the residents of the respective districts. 

About 1850, under an enactment authorizing the same, the town 
purchased of the districts the school lands and buildings and, since 
that date, the cost of constructing and maintaining the buildings 
has been borne by the town. 

Until the establishment of the high school, in 1868, the schools 
of Hanover were ungraded. This high school, for several years, 
was taught by a single person and cared for the more advanced and 
older pupils. The work has been one of steady progress. Begin- 
ning wit]i one teacher, witli very little apparatus or any system 
of grading, this school has gradually advanced, until now it is well 
equipped, and has a good standing among the high schools of the 
Commonwealth. Great credit is due the several school committees 
who have given unselfish, devoted, and intelligent labor for its ad- 
vancement. The teachers have been well trained for their work. 


several of them to-day occupying broader, but not more useful 
fields. Mr. John G. Knight was the first principal. With a 
devotion to his chosen work which neer faltered, he laid deep the 
foundation of this successful institution. 

Mr. Eobert N. Millet is the present gifted teacher, having been 
the principal for several years. Mr. Nash gave the longest contin- 
uous service as principal, having served from 1878 to 1891, in- 
clusive. His influence in this position was elevating and en- 

Hanover Academy. 

For more than a half century the Hanover academy served a 
most useful purpose, and a large number of Hanover youths were 
graduated therefrom, many of them becoming distinguished in the 
various walks of life. 

The first academy building was constructed about 1808, and 
stood west of the Center meeting house, near the junction of Center 
and Hanover streets. This building was sold and removed to the 
Four Corners, and is now occupied by William S. Curtis as a drug 

The second building was erected in 1828, and stood on Broadway 
not far from the residence of J. W. Beal. This building served 
its purpose until 1852, when it was sold and removed to High street 
in Duxbury, and is now in use as a public hall. 

In 1851, a more beautiful and commodious liouse was erected and 
dedicated March 2d, 1852; and this was occupied for academy 
purposes imtil 1900, when the property passed into the hands of 
the town of Hanover, and has since been used for school purposes, 
both grammar and primary grades being taught here. 

Barry gives an interesting history of the academy, and its 
preceptors up to 1852, and the Eev. D. B. Ford in his "History of 
Hanover Academy" has given a full and instructive narration; and 
as this book is in popular use and circulation, it seems unwise for 
us to enter more fully into the subject. 

It may be proper, however, in closing this brief reference to the 
academy, to quote one stanza from 

"A Tribute to the Hanover Academy" 

(Written by George Eussell Dwelley, one of the graduates.) 

'^Suggested by the announcement that the Academy Building was 

to be sold." 
"Our Hanover folk, in their guesses at truth, 
Deemed the best none too good for their innocent youth. 


So, with foresight of students, to come by the score, 
They built in their faith one academy more. 
What a blessing it was ! And what blessing it brought 
To the many it raised to new levels of thought ! 
What friendships it fostered ! They live till to-day 
In that kingdom within us which knows not decay; 
How its influence grew, as its graduates spread, 
Making life more worth living, and death the less dread !" 

The above is the merest summary of facts in relation to educa- 
tion. Certainly before the incorporation of the town the advan- 
tages of the youth must have been extremely limited. Books and 
newspapers were rare, and many of the children, if they attended 
school at all, must have walked many miles for the purpose. Yet 
there were but few Avho could not read and write. 

The influence of Horace Mann gave an impetus to the cause of 
popiilar education which was strongly felt by the parents of 
Hanover, and there has been no backward step. 

Perhaps no gathering in the town has been more significant 
than that held in the Episcopal Church on September 3rd, 1838, 
at which addresses were delivered in favor of a normal school and 
a resolution passed approving a plan to raise in the several towns 
in the county the sum of ten thousand dollars, to provide a school 
building and apparatus for the same. 

Among the speakers at this meeting were Horace Mann^ 
Ichabod Morton, Robert Rantoul, Rev. George Putnam, John 
Quiney Adams, and Daniel Webster, the latter saying that, if he 
had as many boys as ancient Priam, he would send them all to the 
public schools. 

Previous to 1850, but few of the residents of Hanover graduated 
from the colleges or the higher institutions of learning, but since 
that date the number has been large. We have not attempted to 
give the names of such graduates but from the colleges, the normal 
schools, the Institute of Technology, and other schools of recog- 
nized standard, the number of graduates can probably be counted 
by the hundreds. 

So many of Hanover's students have attained prominence in 
their chosen professions that to present tlie names of all is forbidden 
and to select a few will seem invidious. 

To a few of the sons and daugliters of Hanover the gift of 
poetry was granted, and it seems not inappropriate to here men- 
tion the names of some of these with a selection from the works 
of each. 


William P. Duncan, a lawyer and son of Eev. Abel G. Duncan, 
•was born in Hanover. He was invited to write a short poem for 
-our Old Home Week Celebration in 1903 and he did so. It was 
liis ''swan song" as he died before the week ended. 

Home Week. 

memory ! fond memory ! 

From out thy storehouse bring to me 
Things new and old, both sad and sweet. 

As we unroll life's page complete; 
^Shadows and lights of bygone years 

Give retrospect of smiles and tears. 

The happy home-life of the child, 

The mother's loving voice so mild — 
The sweet confusion of each day. 

Blending the hours Avith work and play. 
Come to our hearts with wondrous grace 

And clear remembrance of each face. 

And so "Home Week" brings back those times 

Expressed to you in simple rhymes. 
Dear schoolmates ! some are here to day 

And some have fallen by the way: 
We hail the living, mourn the dead 

As we recount the years now fled. 

George R. Dwelley, whose life work was that of a schoolteacher, 
was born in Hanover, a son of Lemuel Dwelley. He graduated 
from Harvard college in 1853 in the class with President Eliot, 
He also was invited to write a short poem for the same celebration. 

The Return to the Old Home. 

From far and near we meet today 

And cherished 3'ears recall, 
When none was gray and life was May, 

And home was all in all. 
Fair now the fields we used to range, 

The sky as clear a blue; 
There's little oliange to auglit that's strange, 

Except in self and you. 

We've had elswhere the world's caress, 
New homes where sunlight streams. 


And scarcely less of happiness 

Than flushed our early dreams; 
Yet to our hearts the old home's bound 

By first love's tender ties; 
The very ground that girds it round, 

Has memories we prize. 

God bless our homes both new and old, 

Give them enduring charm; 
And all they hold within their fold 

Protect from threat of harm. 
And, when this life has lost its worth 

Because of failing powers, 
In place of earth, through second birth. 

Make homes in Heaven ours. 

Helen Hall Keith was born in Hanover, a daughter of Benjamin 
B. Hall. Her poems have been numerous. We select this one, 
which was written on the death of a friend, as being one of the 
best : — 


Oh, lovely, dreaming face. 

Unmindful of the hours. 
Half smiling in thy place. 

Asleep amid the flowers. 
Oh perfect peace ! Oh rest complete ! 
Life hath no slumber half so sweet. 

A light, beloved one, 

Shines on thee from afar, 
Ours is the dying sun. 

Thine is the morning star; 
And softly Toes the dawn arise 
On pallid lips and slumbering eyes. 

Angelic forms are nigh. 

In shining garb they stand. 
Love beams from every eye, 

Love thrills in every hand; 
And thou! Oh Fairest of the Fair 
We give our darling to thy care. 

For her no tears shall fall. 
For lier no sigh be heard, 


The prison-bars were all 

That held the captive bird; 
And life's short song forever done, 
The white-winged spirit seeks the sun. 

Oh, Saviour, just and kind ! 

Be thou our staff and stay; 
And gently lead the blind 

Upon life's devious way. 
Until the heavenly morrow, when 
We find our loved and lost again. 

Clarence L. Howes, a physician, son of W. R. Howes, M. D., 
came early in life to Hanover with his father — a student, "guide, 
philosopher, and friend." We have permitted the doctor to make 
his own selection. 


Song of the Old Grad. 

Many years have passed away 
Since we left Old Amherst; 
Leaving us their tokens gray 
Since we left Old Amherst. 
Time hath many changes wrought; 
Time hath joys and sorrows brought; 
Time hath bated ne'er a jot 
Of our love for Amherst. 

Happy were those early days 
When we were at Amherst; 
Pleasant were the college ways 
When we were at Amherst. 
Joy of youth was then our own; 
Hope upon our pathway shone; 
Learning beckoned from her throne. 
Happy days at Amherst! 

Oft, in darkness and dismay. 
We have turned to Amherst; 
Faint our courage, drear the way, 
We have turned to Amherst, 
Felt her touch new strength bestow, 
Heard her voice our fears o'erthrow. 
Seen the sun in splendor glow 
On the Shield of Amherst. 


Now, by life's hard lessons taught, 

"We come back to Amherst; 

More than half its battles fought. 

We come back to Amherst; 

Come these treasured scenes to yie-w; 

Come where cherished friendships grew; 

Come to bathe our souls anew 

In thy beauty, Amherst. 

Sing we then, with hearty cheer: 
Hail to thee, dear Amherst! 
Alma mater, mother dear, 
Hail to thee, dear Amherst! 
May we live in loyalty 
To the truth that makes us free. 
So may we prove true to thee. 
True to thee, dear Amherst. 

Lorenzo D. Perkins, a son of Ozias Perkins, was born in 
Hanover. He was a vigorous writer and his poems showed the 
sweetness of his disposition and the sympathy of his nature. The 
spring which is the subject of this poem is located just south of 
School street and but a short distance from the schoolhouse of his 
boyhood days. 

The School-House Spring. 

My feet to-day have found the way 

Down to the mossy brink, 
Where, five and thirty years ago. 

The grand old arch of oak below. 
We, children, knelt to drink. 

And pictured there saw faces fair 

Uplifted to our view. 
While beckoning boughs allured our sight. 

Through swaying avenues of light. 
To Heaven's unsullied blue. 

But now alone, to no one known, 

I kneel by vacant places ; 
And through the vistas stretched below 

See far-off skies of long ago 

That hide my playmates' faces. 


spring so still, nor good nor ill 
With thee is hid or hushed; 

Thou that didst glass my childhood's grace 
Dost niirrow now a bearded face 
With sin's slow fever flushed. 

Who shall recast the moulded past 

And give me then for now ? 
Bring back the early mourned from thence 

And set the seal of innocence 
Once more upon my brow? 

1 only know that waters flow 
Beyond the sunlit spaces, 

Where, nevermore athirst to drink, 
I yet may bend above their brink 
And see the dear, lost faces. 

Mr. John F. Simmons, a lawyer, was born in Hanover, a son of 
Perez Simmons. He found time to write on many subjects and 
always well. Possibly, if he were living, he would favor a dif- 
ferent selection, but this is worthy of a place here : — 

In Memorimn. 
Mary Ashton Livermore. 
Olympus' heights claim our Minerva fled. 
She, who, though woman first, was always great, — 
Great 'mid the greatest — aye, defied the fate 
Which doomed earth's lowly ne'er to raise the head. 
She never followed but the vanguard led 
Straight for the citadel, defying hate 
And fearing only succor might be late 
Or fires on altars of reform seem dead. 
The daring leader, she, yet mother, wife, 
Wliose love unfailing filled her woman's heart. 
Outlasted death, and in the other life, 
Knew that of his her life was still a part. 
With immortality her pulses thrilled. 
With God's immensity her soul was filled. 

The following poem written by Mrs. Mary T. Tolman is worthy 
of a place here. Mrs. Tolman was born in Norwell, a daughter of 
Gushing 0. Briggs. She married James T. Tolman, and resided 


at the corner of Broadway and. Oakland avenue. This is published 
by permission of her daughter Morgianna. 


Is not that worth all the sorrow 

Of this little life we live ? 
Is not that worth all the loving 

Which our hearts can ever give? 
Will the rest not be the sweeter 

When the hard-fought battle's o'er ? 
Will the joys not be the greater 

If the trials go before? 

Now with some the shadows deepen, 

Now the word is "almost home ;" 
Shall we put aside the armor, 

Waiting for our Lord to come ? 
Is he not to each one saying, 

"Fill your moments full for me, 
And when I shall reap the harvest. 

Golden will your offerings be?" 

Many boats are outward sailing, 

Where the shoals and quicksands be; 
Shall we put aside the mission, 

Sent perhaps to you or me? 
Where we see His image written, 

There's the brother we can aid ; 
There we break the box of ointment 

On the Saviour's precious head. 

By and by we'll hear the message; 

May it be with harness on. 
With our lamps all trimmed and burning. 

And the Master's work well done ! 
Then the full, abundant welcome, 

Then the blessed open door ! 
Then the entrance into heaven. 

And the rest for evermore ! 


In 1887, the Selectmen of Hanover received a letter of which the 
following is a copy: 


"Boston, Sept. 17, 1887. 
To the Selectmen of the Town of Hanover — 

Gentlemen : — 

Born and reared in your town, I enjoyed the advantages of its pub- 
lic schools in my boyhood, and have never ceased to feel an interest 
in the welfare of its people. I remember how scanty was the sup- 
ply of good books at that time, and the eagerness with which all 
that were available were borrowed and loaned. With a desire to 
repay, in part, my obligation for early educational training, and 
with a purpose to afford better opportunities to present and coming 
generations of boys and girls of my native town, I ask your accept- 
ance, as representatives of the people of Hanover, of eighteen 
hundred volumes of standard and popular books, with cases to hold 
them, as a nucleus for a free public library, for the use of all the 
inhabitants. Eealizing how much is contributed to morals and 
happiness by a love of reading, especially by the young, I hope they 
will enjoy the privilege of the library, and that all the people may 
profit by the companionship of good books long after my brief term 
of life is ended. Respectfully yours, 

John Curtis." 

A town meeting was held on the 31st day of October following 
the receipt of this letter, and these Resolutions, prepared by Rev. 
William H. Brooks, were adopted: 

"Resolved, That the appreciation and grateful thanks of the 
people of Hanover, in town meeting assembled, be given to Mr. 
John Curtis for his very thoughtful and very generous donation of 
eighteen hundred volumes to the town, for the founding of a public 
library for the free use of all its inhabitants; that this appro- 
priation of a portion of his worldly substance, gathered in the course 
of an upright and honorable business life, to an institution having 
for its object, the advancement of the mental and moral education 
of our whole community, giving gratifying evidence of the continu- 
ance of his remembrance of, and interest in, his native town, and 
proving himself a worthy descendant of the fathers of the town of 
Hanover in their regard for education, is a deed and an example 
deserving of, and having our heartfelt commendation ; and that we 
wish for him an addition to the enjoyment, in large measure, of 
that satisfaction which is the fruit of intelligent and unselfish 
efforts for the welfare of others, that of every blessing, temporal 
and spiritual, which He, whose never failing providence orders all 
things, shall see to be necessary and beneficial to our worthy and 
to our esteemed benefactor. 

-.^.^s^miL^ -^^'VrTSff- irtfwiApr*ili 

JOHN (I irris fkki:' 


SAI.MOVI) S( IKMH., Kdl; M IKI,^ 1 1 A\<)\ 111! ACVDICMY 



Eesolved, That these resolutions be entered on the town record, 
and that a copy be transmitted to Mr. Curtis." 

At various times, Mr. Curtis made additional gifts of books to 
the library and, in 1898, a gift of four thousand dollars in money. 

He died on the 6th day of April, 1900, and the following extract 
is copied from his will: "I give and bequeath to the town of 
Hanover in the Commonwealth of Massachusetts the sum of fifteen 
thousand dollars for the purchase of a suitable lot of land and the 
erection thereon of a Public Library Building, to contain the 
library heretofore given by me to said town of Hanover, together 
Avith the additional books in public use, which building shall be 
designed by some competent architect and built according to his 
plans and specifications, wath walls of bric-k or stone or both com- 

This bequest was to be payable upon the death of his daughter 
Alice Marian Curtis; but, during the year 1906, Miss Curtis ex- 
pressed a wish that the building might be erected in her lifetime, 
waiving her right to the income of the fifteen thousand dollars, 
and adding something from her own funds for the purchase of 
land, in addition to that dedicated by the town for the purpose. 

At a town meeting held June 16th, 1906, the following resolu- 
tions were presented by Clarence L. Howes, Melvin S. Nash, and 
John F. Simmons, a committee chosen to draught the same : 

"Eesolved, that 

The town of Hanover, Massachusetts, in town meeting assembled, 
desires, in this public and formal way, to express to Miss Alice 
Marian Curtis its deep and lasting feeling of gratitude for her 
numerous acts of generosity shown to this town. 

Her lamented father has made this, the town of his birth, forever 
his debtor by his many gifts. We gladly recall his gracious gener- 
osity in presenting to the town the wide expanse of land whereon 
the John Curtis School now stands, the valuable John Curtis Free 
Library, the rich gift of money for its further support and mainte- 
nance, and the bountiful and munificent donation for the erection 
of a suitable building for the books we already have. 

But no less do we gratefully acknowledge the beneficence of his 
daughter, through which this largess has now become available for 
our immediate use and benefit. It is not only a gift to us at the 
present moment, but it is on her part a continuous sacrifice, for the 
income of hundreds of dollars yearly which she might, without 
invidious criticism, retain for her own use, so long as she may live, 
she voluntarily yields up for our benefit, and this 'she does with a 


grace as fine as her generosity; and we wish, as a people and as a 
town, to evince hereby our full appreciation of her acts, and our 
deep and heartfelt recognition of her beneficence. 

We hereby voice the prayer that her days may be long in the 
land, and that generations yet unborn, receiving benefit of her 
generosity, may ever be as gratefully mindful of the donor as we 
are now. 

Voted, that the foreging resolution be spread upon the records of 
the town and that a copy thereof, properly engrossed, be sent to 
Miss Curtis." 

The library building was constructed in 1907, under the super- 
vision of the library trustees, Melvin S. Nash, Morrill A. Phillips, 
and Lavina S. Ford, the architect being Edmund Q. Sylvester, and 
the contractors, Hapgood, Frost, and Company. 

The cost of the building including the land purchased, grading 
of the same, and incidentals, was about $15,000. 

The number of volumes now in the library is something more 
than six thousand. In addition to the gift by Mr. Curtis and his 
daughter, the town has received, as an addition to its library fund, 
the sum of seventeen hundred and seventy dollars from the Han- 
over academy ($1,000 of this being known as the Barstow Fund). 

The library was dedicated on the 12th day of December, 1907, the 
services being held in the Town hall. 

The following, showing something of the personality of Mr. 
Curtis, is taken from the Dedicatory Address made by the Hon. 
Jedediah Dwelley on that occasion : 

"I dislike to use the personal pronoun, and yet for a brief moment 
must be reminiscent. The farm of the father of the founder of 
this library, and that of my father, adjoined. They were large 
farms, that of Mr. Curtis being more than a mile in length. They 
were cultivated as well as most of the acres of the time. Science 
then had hardly touched the question "how to make two blades of 
grass grow where but one grew before," There was no Burbank 
to unfold and develop, yea, almost to create, the finer products we 
so much enjoy, and farming offered slight inducements to an am- 
bitious young man; and Mr. Curtis in his early youth, after com- 
pleting what would now be termed his simple education, sought his 
life-work in the young city of Boston. 

There came to the people of Hanover, before the young man 
Curtis had completed his studies in the district school, a Mr. 
Doyle, a student gifted with the power to impart; and, on the 
completion of the term for which he was engaged, as a teacher, he 


returned to the Wesleyan academy of Wilbraham, and Mr. Curtis 
and two, at least, of his other pupils went with him. Mr. Curtis 
remained for one year, and then for a brief period attended the 
Hanover academy under the tuition of Ira Warren, whose wadow 
has so lately been called to her reward. 

We shall, however, make a great mistake, if we belittle the period 
of his life spent on the farm ; for here his character was established. 

Looking backward during the seventeenth century and studying 
the local history of Tenterden, we shall find a long list of Curtises 
who were bailiffs or mayors of that beautiful English town, and, 
following down we shall find in Scituate, in the latter half of the 
same century, a sturdy race of the same name. In the early history 
of our town, few names were more numerous, and none more hon- 
orable, than that of Curtis. 

The first John Courtis to live within the borders of our town built 
his house, before its incorporation, on Washington street just south 
of Henry's lane. No person now living ever saw this house; but 
the cellar remains, and the lilac which Mr. Curtis placed near the 
front door, to gladden tlie inmates with its blossom and perfume, 
still, with the opening Spring, wafts its fragrance on the air. The 
name of John was handed down from father to son for five genera- 
tions, when the founder of this library was born. 

Mr. Curtis was born in the house on Main street just north of 
my own, a Colonial mansion standing back from the street. This 
house was built by his great grandfather, about one hundred and 
seventy-five years ago, and has been occupied continuously by the 
family until the present time. 

Mr. John Curtis, the father of the founder of the library, was 
a man of independent thought, seeking always the truth and 
abiding therein. Both father and son early espoused the cause of 
freedom for the slaves, and both were on intimate terms with 
Thompson, Garrison, Phillips, and others of that magnificent 
period. The father was with Mr. Garrison, when the mob tried 
to destroy that gh)i'ioiis life. Many of us reniemtjor liis hoary 
head and his absolute forgetfulness of self in his devotion to the 
cause. When he died, full of years, Wendell Phillips asked to 
furnish tlie inscription for his gravestone. You can read it in 
yonder cemetery. It is true, and I will repeat it. ''A man of 
rare integrity, independent in his opinions, gentle and modest in 
liis disposition, devoted and active in his opposition to negro 
slavery, unlike most men more enthusiastic in that opposition and 
in the welcome of all new truth, as he advanced in age; meeting his 


death, at last, most serenely, with an unfaltering trust in God, and 
the final triumph of justice." "Like one who wraps the drapery 
of his couch about him and lies down to pleasant dreams." 

The founder of this library left the town when I was very young, 
and yet my memory of him is as fresh as of my schoolmates. His 
brother and my father lived in the same house, and, until there 
were four children in each family, the mothers used one common 
fireplace to supply the needs of their respective flocks and the 
children gathered about in their common joys and sorrows. 

The founder of the library, by honest, intelligent work ; by giving 
to his customers apparel that adorned and endured, gained their 
confidence and acquired a competency ; and yet, I doubt if he cared 
much for money. In his later life, he delighted in visits to his 
nephew, who lives on the ancestral homestead, and on these visits 
we were much together, taking long rides about the county. 1 
doubt if, in this prolonged companionship, a brief ten minutes con- 
versation was ever given to money-making, or money-saving. He 
loved the drives in the woods and over the hills, with an occasional 
view of the ocean; and he loved his birthplace. 

"An old lane, an old gate, an old house by a tree, 
A wild wood, a wild brook, — they will not let me be : 
In boyhood I knew them and still they call to me." 

"To talk with the wild brook of all the long ago; 
To whisper the wood-wind of things we used to know, 
When we were old companions, before my heart knew woe." 

Mr. Curtis was a devoted husband and father. After the death 
of his wife, he and his daughter travelled extensively abroad. He 
wrote occasionally to my mother, and, in one of these letters, 
describing vividly some of the sights which had impressed him, he 
said: "But there is always present with me the thought that 
she who would have enjoyed this even more tlian I, is not at my 

Mr. Curtis enjoyed in his later years the leisure and delights 
which wealth properly used can give and yet he lived the simple 
life. He was educated in the school of sympathy for the op- 
pressed, in the school of service for others, — and his last days were 
his best days. 

This brief sketch is by a friend wbo does not believe in fulsome 
praise. He is quite sure that if Mr. Curtis were permitted to hear 
and speak, he would say "It is enough." 


The building whicti we dedicate to-day stands on land purchased 
of Henry M. Stetson, and it formed a part of the farm which was 
owned by his remote ancestor Samuel, a grandson of Cornet Robert 
Stetson. This farm has been owned and occupied by the Stetsons 
to the present time. The large two-story house nearby was con- 
structed by the first-named ancestor, and is the one in which re- 
ligious meetings were held before the incorporation of tlie town, 
and until the erection of the first meeting house. 

And here, on this spot, in sight of God's acre, which })as been 
sacred now for two hundred years and where our loved ones rest ; 
so near the place where our Fathers worshipped ; and where the first 
school was kept; and so near the place where the first aTid succeed- 
ing town meetings have been held; we dedicate this building and 
believe that it will be an added institution to help us to live noble 
and unselfish lives. 

The influence of this library will depend, largely, on the books 
the trustees may select, and the people read. We read too much — 
and not enough. There are books which make a life-long impres- 
sion for good, and there are others which, while interesting, simply 
furnish satisfaction for the passing hour. Others seem fitted for 
vacancy only. 

A hundred years ago, families bearing the name of Bailey, 
Curtis, Stockbridge, Sylvester, and others you will recall, were so 
numerous in the to\vn, while now, alas, they are so few ! God's 
purpose will ripen, and, whatever the change, our faith abides that 
the spirit of the Fathers will animate the future. 
"Here lived the men who gave us 

The purpose that holds fast. 
The dream that nerves endeavor. 

The glory that shall last. 
Here, strong as pines in winter 

And free as ripening corn. 
Our faith in fair ideals — 

Our fathers' faith — was born." 

Governor Long tells us of his presence at the graduation exercises 
in one of the schools in Boston, where all of the pupils, girls, were 
children of foreign-born mothers. Many of these mothers were 
unable to speak the English language and yet, for these exercises, 
they had prepared their children in simple and becoming garb : 
and, with slight thought for themselves, were present, to see their 
little ones acquit themselves as well as those who traced their lin- 


eage, for generations, to the soil. These girls are to form a part 
of the great army of mothers; and we have faith to believe that 
their children will join with ours in holding steadfast the faith in 
fair ideals. If this is not so, ''then is our preaching vain and your 
faith is also vain." 

And so we dedicate this building; trusting that, whoever may 
come, it shall be to them a treasure-house to which they will resort 
with thankfulness." 



Military History. 

By John F. Simmons (ivith the exception of two pages). 

Massachusetts was settled by that branch of mankind now known 
generically as Anglo-Saxons. This is also true of our town. The 
history of this race is a history of struggle, of contest; not only a 
struggle upward toward better conditions, but a warfare against 
hostile peoples as well. 

When the first comers arrived in Plymouth, their first foe, the 
Indians, had, in this part of the county, been decimated by disease 
and the land was then left unobstructed to the settlement of the 
white man. 

But not much time, historically speaking, had elapsed before the 
war cry of the red men through the forest called to arms not only 
their brother savages but, in self-defense, the white man also. 

Then came tlie French wars, when the Colony, fired witli an 
Englishman's zeal for his flag, whether that flag waved over the 
mother-ishmd oi- her colonies, took up arms against the French 
and helped in no inconsiderable way, to regain for the English, 
possession of the land on the north of us. 

France had not been driven from the North American continent 
ten years, when the Revolution broke out; and the American 
government was about a quarter of a century along in its new 
existence, when England had again to be met on land and sea in 
hostile combat, in the "War of 1812." 

The growing threat of slavery was the next casus belli and the 
Mexican war, which was but a preliminary skirmish, did not, as 
was hoped, settle the problem. "^Fhe abolitionist agitation, striking 
the heart of the North with a mighty conviction of its own moral 
cowardice, conspired, with other social and economic questions to 
bring about an explosion of a nation's pent-up indignation, followed 
by the long civil war of the Rebellion. 

Destined apparently to fight about once in thirty years, the 
American people, their long peace after Appomattox being broken. 


ill order to liberate the Cubans from intolerable conditions, again 
took up arms in the Spanish war. 

In all these contests Hanover has ever borne her part, cheerfully, 
fully, in some cases with distinction, and never without honor. 

The first settlers were friendly with the Indians. Massasoit's 
first treaty, made in 1621, was broken by neither side, so long as 
that Sachem lived. Few though they were, the Indians soon be- 
gan to look askance at the diminishing area of their hunting 
grounds and the ever-increasing advance of the white man. 

The first few feeble Pilgrims seemed to threaten but little; but 
as years advanced, ship succeeded ship in bringing hither new 
bands of settlers, who were compelled constantly to turn hunting 
grounds into corn fields and forest into clearings. Philip, usually 
called King Philip of Pokanoket, whose Indian name was Meta- 
mora, was the chief sachem of the Wampanoags, a tribe of the 
Algonquins. Philip was a great man, although an Indian. With 
foresight he saw the early extinction of his ti*ibe and his race, un- 
less the encroachments of the pale face were stopped. There was 
but one thing to do and that thing was to fight. 

He was an Indian patriot and in this war made the best struggle 
he could for his native land. 

"Philip's War," as it is called, commenced in June, 1675. 
Preparations for it began among the whites in 1674, made neces- 
sary by the apparently increasing hostility of the neighboring 
tribes. As a part of these preparations, twelve men were sent to 
the house of Joseph Barstow on Broadway, just north of the Four 
Corners, as a garrison. There was no other garrison-house in that 
part of Seituate, (now Hanover), although there were at least 
two in other parts of the old town. 

In the spring of 1676, the Indians' attacks extended even to 
Plymouth, where some of the settlers were killed. Capt. Michael 
Pierce with over fifty men and twenty friendly Indians from Capo 
Cod, marched to Seekonk, arriving on March 25, 1676, unmolested. 

This expedition had marched directly into the enemy's country 
and had yet seen no Indians. They heard that there were red 
men in that vicinity and proceeded to attack them. The fight 
which ensued was very disastrous. Fifty-two white men were 
killed, fifteen of wliom were of Seituate. This number included 
Capt. Pierce and Jeremiah Barstow, a descendant of William Bar- 
stow, "the earliest settler on the territory of Hanover." 

The attack which the Indians made, at this time, on this part 
of the country is now almost a household word. It was on the 


twentieth of Ma}', 1676, that they came down the Indian path and 
the country road from Hingham and the Bay Colony, burning 
buildings and killing every white person their weapons could 

Their first known destructive attack in what is now Hanover was 
made on the John Curtis' place on Washington street, opposite 
Silver street, where they burned a house and barn. Cornet Eobert 
Stetson's mill and flume, which were located on the north side of 
what is now East street and which confined the waters covering 
what is now Old Pond Marsh, was also attacked and the mill 
burned. The waters escaped and no dam has since replaced the 
one thus destroyed. 

The war was, of course, absolutely disastrous to Philip's forces. 
He was defeated and driven back in every attempt and was finally 
shot at Bristol Xcck, 11. I., August 13, 1676, by a traitor of his 
owTi people. 

When Hanover was incorporated in 1727, there were no hostile 
Indians within her boundaries. Barry narrates that the last tribe 
to give the inhabitants of this territory trouble congregated on an 
island in Drinkwater Swamp, whence they issued and committed 
depredation. Discovered one morning by the smoke from their 
camp fires, they were attacked and routed. 

The summer of 1678 ended the wars wherein the Indians were 
the sole enemies of the colonies. The French wars found the red 
men used as allies, first of the French, in the wars between Eng- 
land and France for supremacy on this continent ; and later by 
the English, in the struggle of the colonists against the Mother 

The details of this long conflict or rather series of wars be- 
tween England and France on this continent are foreign to tlie 
purpose of this history. It is sufficient for us to trace, so far as 
we can, the share Avhich Hanover and its people took in these In- 
ter-Colonial or "Frencli" wars. 

Hanover was not incorporated until 1727 and the hostilities 
above referred to iirst broke out in 1690. The record for the first 
thirty-seven years of intermittent conflict does not effect us as a 

The first warlike action which appears upon our records is 
under date of September 9, 1734, when 3o£ were voted for a "town 
stock of ammunition." On the second day of March, 1740, it was 
voted to keep this stock of powder and shot "in the Meeting-House 
Chamber" and the town treasurer was authorized "to take out of 


the lease of the fiats as much money as will purchase said stock, 
-agreeable to the law, with what Thomas Josselyn already has." 

The law compelled each town to maintain its supply of am- 

In this year, Capt. Winslow enlisted a company in the County 
of Plymouth to go to the Spanish West Indies upon an expedition 
commanded by Admiral Vernon. 

This expedition was terribly disastrous. Massachusetts sent, 
according to the Muster rolls, five himdred men of whom but fifty 
returned. Disease which accompanies the presence of Northerners 
in tropical climates, carried off more than battle. The only votes 
on the Hanover records which relate to this expedition is under 
date of December 28th, 1741. "Voted Dea. Thos. Josselyn, 13£ 
16s 4d. for men's rates gone to Cuba and elsewhere," with six 
other similiar votes. 

It is impossible to learn all the Hanover men who participated 
in this unfortunate business. 

BaiT}' gives Samuel Eells, Ensig-n; John Stoddard, Joshua 
Turner, John A\Tiitcomb, Ezekiel Ladd and Robert Young. 
Samuel Eells died "^either on the passage from Carthagena to Ja- 
maica or at Jamaica, May 9th, 1741, aged 35. 

The "Last French War" began by operations in Ohio, in whicli 
■General Washington figured. The ill-fated General Braddock was 
sent from England as Commander in Chief. An expedition to 
remove the French neutrals from Acadia was undertaken in 1755. 
The troops from IMassachusetts, two battalions under command of 
Lieut. Col. John Winslow of Marshfield, repaired to Acadia and 
took part in the unhappy removal. Barry notes the following en- 
listments from Hanover during the campaigns of this war. 

Col. Ezekiel Turner, for the expedition to Crown Point. James 
House, of Hanover, was captain in the same expedition, from 
March 29 to September 8, 1756, having been major from Xovem- 
her 27, 1755 to March. 1756 at Fort William Henry. Cooms 
House, Seth Wetherell, and Daniel Garnett, all of Hanover, were 
in Capt. House's Compan}^ James Nowit, an Indian living in 
Hanover, was in Capt. Loring's Company, and John B. Worrin 
of Hanover, enlisted in Capt. Abel Keen's Company. He was a 
native of England and perhaps not a resident of Hanover, but 
he served to Hanover's credit. 

"In the muster-roll of Capt. John Loring's Company," says 
Barry, "encamped at Fort Edward, July 25. 1756. occur the 
"names of Lawrence Ekins, a native of Ireland, but a resident of 



Hanover^ Jeremiah Eogers of Hanover and Bezaleel Palmer, 
Thomas Cook, Samuel Witherell, and Nathaniel Palmer." Luke 
Bowker, blacksmith and Jolm B. Worrin were on the roll of Capt. 
Abel Keen's Company. 

Among those in Thomas Clap's regiment in the expedition to- 
Crown Point were the following names: 
Peter B. Warren, William Gra}'^, 

Samuel Witherell^ Thomas Cornish, 

Joseph Turner, John Hanmer, 

Joshua Dwelley, Joseph Stetson, Jr. 

Jolm Perry, Jolm Eamsdeli, 

Thomas Barstow, Bezaleel Palmer, 

Jeremiah Dillingham, Thomas Cook, 

Nathaniel Stetson, Elisha Palmer, 

Benjamin Estes, 
all of Hanover. 

Capt. James House, after being at Crown Point, marched with 
Thomas Clap's Eegiment to the relief of Fort William Henry,, 
in August, 1757. 

Dr. Jeremiah Hall, of Hanover, was Surgeon in Joseph Tha- 
cher's Company, in 1757. 

In the expedition to Canada in 1757, Elisha House, Seth Joyce,, 
and David House, all of Hanover, took part. 

In 1758, there went to Canada in Thomas Clap's Eegiment the 
following Hanover men: 

Nathaniel Josselyn, aged 37 Edward Peters, aged 19 

Seth Woodward, aged 22 James Sylvester, aged 39 

John Hunt, aged 17 Joshua Eemington, aged 37 

April 12, 1759, Capt. Abel Keen mustered into his Company for 
the invasion of Canada: 

Henry Bray, aet. 18, Lemuel Bates, aet. 18,, 

Mark Eogers, aet, 18. 

And into Col. Clap's Eegiment, at the same time, went Elisha 
Palmer, aet, 41, Prince Osgood, 18 Mark Eogers, 18. 

In Abel Keen's Company (Col. Doty's Eeg) were: 
Jeremiah Eogers, Abner French, 

Abraham Cate, Nath'l Josselyn, 

Amos Love, Dennis Morrison, 

Prince Osgood, Jonathan Pratt, 

Jonathan Peters, Edward Peters, 

Thomas Eogers, Aaron Eowell, 


Joshua Staples, • Jesse Torrey, 

Abner Torrey, Jonathan Torrey, 

Zephamiah Witherell, Samuel Witherell, 

all of Hanover. 

From March 31 to November 1, 1759, at Lunenburg in Abel 
Keen's Company were: 

Jeremiah Eogers, Henry Bray, 

Lemuel Bates, Samuel Bowker, 

Leonard Hill, Prince Osgood, 

Elisha Palmer, Mark Eogers, 

all of Hanover. 

In Col. John Thomas' Company for Canada, in 1760, was Isaac 
Nowett, an Indian. 

In 1760, Daniel Eeed's Company was at Ticonderoga. In it- 
were : 

Gideon Studley, who was out 46 weeks. 
Timothy Church, who was out 40 weeks. 
Isaac Nowett, 
Edward Peters, 
Thomas Eogers, 

In 1762, the town was divided into two districts and a military 
company was raised in each district. Of the North Company, 
David Stockbridge was Captain; Joseph Cushing, 1st Lieutenant; 
John Bailey, Jr., 2nd Lieutenant; and David Jacobs, Ensign. Of 
the South Company Joseph Josselyn was Captain; Simeon Curtis, 
1st Lieutenant ; Joseph House, 2nd Lieutenant ; and John Josselyn, 
Ensign. Of the Division to which these companys belonged, David 
Stockbridge was Lieutenant Colonel, and Joseph Josselyn was 
Major. Eobert D. Eells was second Quarter Master in the Troop 
of Horse. 

In the same year, 1761-2, Edward Peters, of Hanover, was in 
Capt. Lemuel Dunbar's Company, from April 18, 1761 to January 
4, 1762. Stephen Curtis was out in 1762. Benjamin, son of 
Daniel Teague, was in Abel Keen's Company; also John Bates 
and Henry Dillingham. In Job Williams' Company, from Novem- 
ber 18, 1761 to July 29, 1762, were John Bates, William Bradley, 
and Stephen Curtis, in the employ of Benjamin Curtis. 

Elisha Barrel, who died in Hanover, in 1829, tie. 96, was out in 
the French War; also Samuel Brooks, who died in Hanover, in 
1830, ae 95, and Jedediah Dwelley, William Perry and Oliver 
Winslow, * * * the latter of whom died near Crown Point, 
in 1759. These men were of Scituate, though their names occur 

MILITARY lilteTUltV. 143 

on the Hanover Eecords; and, at a subsequent date or after the 
close of the war, some of them resided in the town. 

1768. November 7. "Voted to Samuel Barstow 6s. for making 
a door to the powder room and for moving the powder." 1771, 
March 11, "Capt. John Bailey and Capt. Simeon Curtis chosen 
to take care of the Town's Gun Powder in the best way and 
manner they can." 1774, November 21, "Paid Capt. John Bailey 
for four quarter barrels of Powder, 9£ 8s." 

At this time the population of the town, as nearly as can be 
ascertained, was eleven hundred and five. 

These records show tlie part she bore in these important contests 
and the long duration of the service which most of the men gave 
to their Mother Country's cause. 

One of the incidents of the constant warfare which went on be- 
tween the English and the French for the possession of Canada 
and which culminated in the peace of 1763, was the removal of the 
French Neutrals from Acadia, Nova Scotia, in 1755. Massachu- 
setts sent, as her contribution to aid the mother-country in this 
expedition against Nova Scotia, one regiment of men, in two 
battalions. Gov. Shirley was the Colonel of this Eegiment, but 
Lt. Col. Jolm Winslow, of Marshfield was in actual command. 
Winslow raised two thousand men for this purpose, who were en- 
listed for one year, or longer if desired. 

It was deemed wise to free the country of Acadia of its inhabi- 
tants. Without commenting upon what appears to have been a 
most brutal course to pursue against people who merely refused 
to take the oath of allegiance to their conquerors, it is enough to 
say that this course was carried out. The inhabitants were col- 
lected at various ports and carried away to different parts of the 
colonies. Their houses and barns were burned, their lands and 
property confiscated, and they were driven to the ships with noth- 
ing but the clothing they wore. Families were separated, husbands 
being sent on one ship, wives on another, and perhaps children 
on a tliird. Grand Pre was the* point of departure of many. Gov. 
Lawrence, who had charge of the Grand Pre deportation, estiiuated 
that he had to provide for the removal of 7,000. The deporta- 
tion went on from 1755 to 1760. It is stated by Rameau that 
there were 18,000 Neutrals as these people were called in Acadia; 
and Mrs. Williams' "French Neutrals" states that from 10,000 
to 20,000 were carried away. There wore collected at Grand Pre 
for embarkation 1,923 persons, 483 of whom were men, 337 wom- 
en, heads of families, 527 sons, and 576 daughters. The cows 


numbered 1,500, young cattle 5,700, horses 493, sheep 9,000, hogs 
4,000, and hens innumerable. 

Of these exiles, 2,000 were at different times landed at Boston 
and distributed throughout the country. After peace was declared, 
800 assembled at Boston and, on foot, sought their old homes. 
The journey occupied four months. 

Hon. Jedediah Dwelley, in a letter published in the North Eiver 
Pioneer, Dec. 27th, 1895, says that, late in 1755 or early in 1756, 
40 of these Neutrals were sent to Scituate, of whom 9 came to 
Hanover and were put in care of John Bailey on South Main 
street, — 8 were carried to Abington, 7 to Halifax, and 10 to the 
house of Mr. Joseph Jacobs, in Scituate. Presumably the remain- 
der were left in Scituate, as, in 1758, there were 17 Nentrals in 
that town, occupying Mr. Jacobs' houses. 

They seem to have been very unwelcome visitors. The Hanover 
people, as well as those of other towns where they were qnartered, 
seem to have regarded them in anything but a pleasant light. A 
complaint to the Governor and council, made by Charles and Nich- 
olas Brean, states that they were obliged to work and received 
no money; that "on Saturday last about 20 men came in threat- 
ening manner to their dwelling, several with cords in their hands, 
and forced their father and mother, 77 years old, into a cart and 
carried them away, they know not whither, binding the petitioners 
so they could not follow." This may have been an over-drawn 
statement; for, in 1756, the Selectmen charged the town for ex- 
penses to Boston to "answer false complaints of said Frenchmen." 

After peace was declared, they made their way, many of them, 
back to Canada. It is said that their reception there was far 
more inhospitable than it had been in the colonies. Some re- 
mained, but none, so far as is known, in Hanover. 

Many of them scattered all over the country, going even as far 
south as New Orleans. Pere Le Blanc the Notary, died in Phila- 
delphia. He was the father of twenty children. 


Hanover took an important part in the events that led up to 
the Revolution and her activities were untiring until the close 
of the war. 

The names of the most of those who went from Hanover to 
serve in this war are given in the proper place. Nearly all the able 
bodied men must have served for shorter or longer periods. 

Lack of space prevents the enumeration in full of those who did 





MILITARY lilSTOllY. 145 

not go to the war, but who were conspicious in the civil affairs of 
the time. 

Bariy treats this period of our history quite fully and brief 
extracts from liis work are given. 

"The new act of 1768, imposing a duty on tea, papers, painters' 
colors, and glass, caused, if possible, a ferment greater than that 
caused by the Stamp Act: and so thoroughly were the people 
aroused that it was finally resolved to call a Convention, to meet in 
Boston, September 21, "to consult upon measures for the safety 
of the Province." Delegates to this Convention were sent from 
a large number of towns. Hanover deputed Joseph Cushing Esq., 
to act as its Representative; a gentleman who had been long and 
favorably known to his townsmen, and who was distinguished for 
his unbending integrity and aH'able deportment; — who afterwards 
held an honorable rank in tlie Conventions of the County and 
the Congresses of the Province; and who, at a still later period, 
when peace had been declared and order restored to our disturbed 
civil institutions, as a token of gratitude and esteem for his ser- 
vices, was elevated to the office of -Judge of Probate for the County 
of Plymouth, and received a military commission, with the rank 
of Brigadier General." 

"Monday, September 2G, 1774, a meeting of delegates from 
every town in Plymouth County was held at Plympton, and, by 
adjournment, at the court house in Plymouth, on Tuesday the 
27th; and Hanover sent, as its Representatives, Capt. Joseph 
Cushing, Joseph Ramsdell, Joshua Simmons, Capt. Robert L. Eells, 
ind Dr. Lemuel Cushing; and the first-named gentleman was 
chosen one of the committee of nine, to prepare an address ex- 
pressive of their feelings in view of the aggressions of the British 

"On the seventh day of October 1774, the First Provincial 
Congress was convened at Salem; on the 11th, at Concord; on 
the 17th, at Cambridge, and again at Cambridge, November 23rd, 
and dissolved December lOtb. The Second Congress was con- 
vened at Cambridge, February 1, 1775; at Concord, March 22nd, 
and April 22nd, and at Watertown, April 22nd, and dissolved. 
May 29th. The Third Congress convened at Watertown, Wed- 
nesday, May 31st, 1775, and was dissolved, Wednesday, July 19th, 
1775. To all of these, Col. Cushing, as he is called on the Journals, 
was sent as a delegate from Hanover, and, in all, he took an active 
and prominent })art. We could enumerate many instances in 
which he was appointed on important committees; and that his 


services were held in the highest esteem, may be inferred from 
the fact that his associates were ever ready to assign to him new 

"June 30, 1776, at a meeting in Hanover "Tield to take into 
consideration a resolve of the Honorable House of Representatives" 
of the Massachusetts Bay, relative to advising the person or per- 
sons chosen to represent them in the General Court, whether, if 
the Honorable American Congress should, for the safety of the 
American Colonies, declare them Independent of the Kingdom of 
Great Britain, they, the said inhabitants, will solemnly engage, 
with their lives and fortunes, to support them in the measure. 
Voted, to instruct their Representative, that, if said Congress 
should think it safest to declare them Independent of the Kingdom 
of Great Britain, they, the inhabitants, will support them in the 

Probably no citizen of Hanover was more active or conspicious 
during the war than Joseph Gushing. He lived in a house which 
stood where now stands that of Horace S. Tower, and the latter 
uses the Gushing well for his water supply. 

The records show that "Hon. Joseph Gushing, Judge of Pro- 
bate, died December 16, 1791, aged 60 years, of a nervous disorder 
ending in delirium." 



Barstow, Lieut. House, John, Jr. 

Bass, Benjamin Jacobs, David 

Bates, Seth Josselyn, Seth 

Briggs, Ezra Perry, Israel 

Curtis, Abner Ramsdell, Joseph 

" Bezaleel Simmons, Joshua 

" Capt. Studley, Benjamin 

" Lemuel Sylvester, Michael 

Gushing, Dr. Turner, Amos 

Eells, Capt. "Wliiting, Lieut. 


Barstow, Joshua Gushing, Joseph 

" Samuel, Jr. Eells, Capt. Robert L. 

Bass, Benjamin Hatch, John, Lieut. 

Briggs, Ezra Jacobs, David 

Curtis, CalvLQ Ramsdell, Joseph 

" John, Jr. Simmons, Joshua 

" Lemuel Soper, Joseph, Capt. 



stetson, Seth 
Studley, Benjamin 
Sylvester, Michael 

Barstow, Sam'l, Jr. 
Bass, Benjamin 
Curtis, Abner 

" Jesse 

'' Lemuel 

" Melzar 
Gushing, Joseph 
Eells, Capt. Eobert L. 
Jacobs, David 

Curtis, John, Jr. 
Cushing, Joseph 
Hatch, Jolin, Lieut. 
Eobbins, Timothy 

Bass, Benjamin 
Curtis, Calvin 
Cushing, Joseph 
Eells, Capt. 

Turner, Amos, Capt. 
Whiting, Thomas 


Perry, Israel 
Kamsdell, Joseph 
Bobbins, Timothy 
Rose, Timothy 
Simmons, Joshua 
Stetson, Seth, Jr. 

" Prince, Capt. 
Studley, Benjamin 
Sylvester, Michael 

not given 


Stetson, Prince, Capt. 

" Samuel 
Studley, Benjamin 
Turner, Marlboro 


Hatch, John, Lieut. 
Jacobs, David 
Perry, Israel 
Soper, Joseph, Capt. 

The following glossary explains the meaning of the letters used 
in the table which follow it : 

A. Company on sea coast for defense, Dec. 17, 1775. 

B. To Eoxbury, Feb. 12, 1776 (probably evacuation of Boston). 

C. Expedition to Cohasset, March, 1776. 
E. Service rendered, Aug. to Nov., 1776. 
P. 3 months service in 1776. 

G. Expedition to Ticonderoga, Oct. 1, 1776. 

H. Expedition to Rhode Island, 1776. 

I. Bristol Alarm, 1776. 

J. Second Expedition to Rhode Island, 1776. 

K. Expedition to Rhode Island, 1777. 


L. Expedition to Ehode Island, 1777. 

M. At Hull, March 1, 1777. 

N. Capt. Calvin Curtis' Company, 1778. 

0. Duty near Boston, 1778. 

P. Sept, to December, 1778, duty on Castle Island, Boston Harbor. 

Q. Expedition to Ehode Island, 1778. 

E. Cambridge, February to April, 1778. 

S. Enrolled for 8 months, 1778. 

T. Service in Gates' Eegiment, 1778. 

U. Capt. Amos Turner's Company, 1781. 

fV. Ehode Island Expedition, March, 1781. 

W. Eaised by the town, April 12, 1778. 

X. Expedition to Manchester. 

Y. In camp two months, 1789. 

List of soldiers from Hanover who served in the Eevolution. 
A few of these resided in other towns: 
Bailey, John, Col. 
" Luther, Major 
" Seth -C- 
Baldwin, Samuel, Chaplain -I-U- 
Barstow, James -L- 
Job -C-Q- 
Nathaniel -U 
" Samuel, Lieut. 
Bass, Benjamin, Qtr. Master -C-H-I- 
Bates, Benjamin -B-J-E-V- 
" Benjamin, Jr. -U-Y- 
" Clement -A-B-E-J-T-U-V- 
" Comfort -V- 
" Dowty -F-U- 
" Gamaliel -C- 
" John -K- 
" Joseph -B- 
" Joseph Neal -T- 
" Lemuel -C-L-Q- 
" Levi -U- 
" Neal -N-V- 
" Seth B-E-F-J-L-E-Q- 
" Seth, Jr. -B- 
" Solomon, Corporal -A-F- 
Berry, Amos -F-U- 
Bonney, Oliver -J- 



Bosworth, John -P- 
Bowker, Benjamin -L- 
Briggs, Ezra -A-C-K-M-V-W- 

" Jr. 
Brooks, Joseph -L-l-B- 

" Samuel -L-K-H- 
Brv'ant, Solomon -C-K-W- 
Carrie, Joseph -J- 
Chamberlain, Josiah -V- 

" :Nathaniel -P- 

Clark, Belcher -J- 
" Ben -I- 
" Nathaniel -J-V- 
Cotthrell, Kobert -C- 
Crooker, Japhet -h- 
Curtis, Abel -C-I- 
" Abner, Lieut -C-E-0- 
" " Jr. -C- 

" Calvin, Lieut. -C-E-M-N-S-Y- 
" Ebenezer -C- 
" Elijah -C-L-I- 
" Elisha -M- 
" Gershom -C-V-W- 
" James -C- 
" Jesse -C-I-L- 
" Job -C-l-O-P- 
" Joseph, Corp. -C-E- 
" Ijemuel, Lieut. Capt. -C- 
" Melzar, -C-1- 
" Prince -C-H-I- 
" Eeuben -E-K-M-V-Y- 
-■' Seth -A-C-I-L-Q- 
" " Jr. -I-L- 

" Simeon, -C-H-L-Q-R- 
" Snow -C-H-I-Q- 
" ^Yilliam -I-L- 
Cushing, John, Col. -I- 
Cushman, Pobert -J- 
Damon, Eells -Q- 
^ Josiah -L- 
Dillingham, Henry -K- 
Dwelley, Abner -E-G-X- 

" " Joshua, Lieut. -C-I-L-Q- 


Eddy, Ebenezer -B- 
Eells, Eobert -J- 
'' Samuel -B-E-J- 

Jr. Fifer -A-J-K- 
'' William W. -J-K-W- 
Gamett, Elijah -J- 
Samuel -P- 
Gilbert, Elijah -I-L- 
William -C- 
Gross, Samuel -B- 

" Thomas -F-W- 
Hatch, Isaac -C- 

" John, Lieut. -K-V- 
" Thomas -C-I- 
Hill, Leonard, Corp. -K-Y- 
House, Abner -J- 
David -C- 
Elisha -K- 
Joseph -B- 
" Nathaniel -W- 
Seth -B- 
Jacobs David G. 
Josselyn, Francis -W-F- 
'' Isaac, Clerk -J- 

Nathaniel -B-H-J-L-N- 
Philip -J- 
Seth -C-J- 
Lambert, Zachariah -L- 
Lindsey, Melzar -W- 
Magoun, Nathaniel -L- 
Mann, Benjamin -I- 
" Joshua -I-M- 
" Josiah -L-P- 
" Levi -M- 
Munroe, Shuble -K- 
Nickerson, Joseph -L- 
Oldham, Thos. -J- 
Palmer, Elisha -B-I-L-U- 

Joshua -Y- 
Perry, Adam -B-F- 
" " Henry -R- 
" Isaac -I- 


Perry, Israel -C-H-I- 
" Samuel -V- 
Seth -0- 
Pratt, Jona, -B-I-P- 
Eamsdell, Edward -E- 
Joseph -H-J- 
Lot -W- 
" Samuel -R- 

Randell, Joseph -C-G- 
" Stephen -F- 
Eobbins, Luther -M-P-Q-U- 
Rogers, Caleb -P- 
Rose, Laban -B-L- 
" Reuben -K-S- 
" Timothy, Sergt. -B- 
Silvester, Benjamin -B- 
Caleb -I-M-0- 
Cornelius -F-M- 
Edmund -V- 

Elijah -B-E-L- 
Elisha -L- 
Henchman -A-l-M-0- 
Jacob -Q- 
Job -R- 
Joel -E- 

Michael -C-G-H-I-V- 
Simmons, Elisha -C-I-L- 
Smith, Albert -P- 
Soper, Joseph, Capt. -I-T-V- 
Skiffe, John -X- 
Stetson, Benjamin -B-H-J-U- 
Elijah -C- 
Elisha -L-W- 
" Isaac -L- 

Nathaniel -B- 
" Thomas -I- 
Stoddard, Melzar -K- 
Studley, Abner -J-T-U- 

Benjamin -A-B-E-F-G-P-Q- 

Jr. -F- 
David -G- 
Eliab -A-C-I- 


Stiidley, Gideon -B-I- 

Jabez - -A-C-I-X-T-V-Yl- 
Tilden, Cuffey -M- 
" Job -B-Q-U- 
Torrey, David, Drummer -B-J- 
'*' James -B- 
" Luther -J-K- 

Nathaniel -A-B-E-L-P- 
Stephen -B-E-J- 
" Thomas -0- 
Warren -F- 
Totman, John -C- 

Turner, Amos, Capt. -G-J-K-T-U- - 
Asa -0- 
'" Cornelius -^V- 
Elijah -0-W- 
Isaac -B-E-P- 
" John -0- 
" Joseph -W-V- 
" Marlboro 
" Melzar, Adjt. -I- 
White, Benjamin -B-H-J- 
" Cornelius -J- 
" Robert -B- 
AVliiting, Abel -I- 
Asa -E- 
" James -B-F-I-L-R- 
Witherell, Simeon -J- 

Theophilus -J-U- 
Woodward, James -U- 


During the Revolutionary War, John Bailey and his son, Luther, 
attained the highest rank of any of the Hanover soldiers, Luther 
being a major in his father's regiment. 

John Bailey was Lieutenant Colonel May 27, 1775, in Col. 
Thomas' regiment. Soon after this, he was commissioned as 
colonel. At West Point, about August 1, 1779, a board of army 
officers decided on the rank of the diiferent officers, and Col. Bailey 
was the first, or ranking colonel, his commission being made to 
date from July 1, 1775; and he was called of the second regiment. 
This settlement of rank was soon after confirmed by Congress. 

In a letter dated at West Point, April, 1780, directed to General 


Washington, Colonel Bailey asks for his discharge "on account of 
the situation of his domestic afl'airs and ill health and having served 
in the army from the commencement of the War." He was con- 
tinued in the service, however, until December 30, 1780, when he 
was retired on half-pay. Probably this half-pay was commuted 
and he took a lump sum. Previous to the war, he was a ship 
builder and one of the largest landowners in Hanover; but his 
long service proved disastrous to his financial interests and he died 
a poor man. Appleton's biography as well as Drake's gives liim 
honorable mention, saying that ''he earned distinction, especially 
in the campaign against Burgoyne." 

He was second in command at Dorchester and in important 
positions around New York. In September, 1776, his regiment 
and two others. Glover's Brigade, were thanked by Washington 
for their gallant conduct and, when Washington resolved to make 
a sudden dash upon the Hessians at Trenton, among the trusty 
men he chose was Bailey's regiment. These troops were in two 
divisions, Bailey being in the first. They crossed the river in the 
.storm and amid the floating ice and won the fight, recrossed, and, 
the next morning Washington warmly thanked them for "their 
brave and steady conduct." Lossing says that, at Saratoga, Gates 
felt confident of victory, aided by such men as "Poor, Learned, 
Stark, and Bailey." After the war, Col. Bailey resided on Main 
street, where he kept a hotel, with slight patronage. He and his 
eon Luther both died in this house. 

The military history of the town from the close of the lievolu- 
tion to 1800, is meagre. The military spirit which war always 
produces caused more or less interest in the soldiery and an effort, 
although a feeble one, was made to comply with the militia law. 

The town records of this period are concerned principally with 
soldier's pay, although one item records the unfortunate and some- 
what disconcerting fact that the town's supply of powder had 
been stolen. A committee was chosen to renew the supply and to 
prosecute the thief. No historic record or tradition tells that the 
thief was caught. 

The captain of the militia company during these years, from 
1784 to 1800, was Capt. John Barstow. 

The Hanover artillery company was, during its existence, the 
'crack" military organization. It grew out of the second militia 
company, which was formed during John Adams' adminstration, 
Timothy Rose, captain. 

Benjamin Whitman, Esq., has the credit of organizing the Han- 


over artillery company and was, of course, its first captain. The 
first lieutenant was Dr. Melzar Dwelley; the second Dr. Charles 
Turner of Pembroke. The uniform, which on beiag described 
appears ridiculous to us in these days of khaki, was regarded at 
the beginning of the last century as gorgeous and appropriate. 

The coat was blue, with red facings and brass buttons and cord. 
The trousers and waistcoat were bufi. The waist was clasped by 
a white leather belt, with a brass breast plate above it. The whole 
was surmounted by a fur cocked hat, called a chapeau de bras, 
bearing a black plume tipped with red. 

The artillery of the company was one small cannon, or "piece." 

The company's organization fell into what President Cleveland 
called "innocuous desuetude,'' in 1851 or there about. 

It had, during its half century of existence, three armories. The 
first stood on Gun-House Hill, near the residence of the late 
Eobert Sylvester. 

The second armory stood at the Centre, "in the rear of the 
meeting house on one comer of the old burial ground" (Barry) 
which was first used in 1806, Albert Smith being captain. In 
1819, while Elisha Barrel, Jr. was captain, the conmionwealth 
erected the third and last armory near the Centre. 

The captains of the company during its existence were: 
Benjamin Whitman. William Thomas. 

Albert Smith. Joseph Brooks, Jr. 

Edward Jacobs. James House. 

Elisha Barrell, Jr. Daniel Barstow, Jr. 

Edward Curtis. James Brooks. 

Levi Curtis. Benjamin N. Curtis. 

Elias W. Pratt. Charles Brooks. 

William Morse. Duncan T. Stoddard. 

Isaac H. Haskins. 

The Hanover artillery company's service was not all performed 
at home. From July 1 to Sept. 6, 1814, (68 days) under Lieut. 
Elisha Barrell, Jr., a detachment of it was on duty at Scituate 
Harbor and the whole company was for a month, September 19 to 
October 19, 1814. at Plymouth. 

From the pay-roll of the company we gather the following names 
of officers and members of the company in 1814. 
Capt. Edward F. Jacobs. Sergt. Stephen Jacobs. 

Lieut. Elisha Barrell, Jr. Sergt. Levi Curtis. 

Ijieut. Edward Curtis. Sergt. Stephen Curtis. 

Sergt. Amos Dunbar. . Corp. Calvin D. Wilder. 



Corp. Keuben Curtis. 
Corp. Oren Josseljn. 

Luther Turner. 
Eleazer Josselyn. 

John Clapp. 
Luther Curtis. 
Eobert Curtis. 
Elisha Magoim. 
Ozias Whiting. 
Benjamin S. Munroe. 
Joseph Sylvester. 
Justus Whiting. 
John Jones, Jr. 
Cyrus Wliite. 
Melzar Curtis. 
Job Curtis. 
John Gross. 
Gideon Studley, Jr. 
Nathaniel Curtis. 
Elias Magoun. 

Corp. Elisha Barrell. 


Gideon Perry. 

Levi Perry. 

Nathaniel FaiTow. 

Lewis Gross. 

Charles Bailey, Jr. 

Joseph Brooks, Jr. 

Benjamin C. I'ratt. 

Barker Wing. 

Piato Damon. 

John Curtis. 

Joshua Stetson. 

David T. Joyce. 

Benjamin Bowker. 

Lemuel Curtis. 

Joseph Damon. 

Benjamin H. Clark. 

Gad Bailey. 

Allen Clapp. 

Capt. Jesse Eeed organized an independent infantry company^ 
which was disbanded, after an existence of a few years. 

The Hanover Itifle Company was formed about 1816. It wa& 
comprised of men from Scituate, Marshfield, Pembroke, and Han- 
son as well as from this town. Its first captain was Elijah Hay- 
ward, followed by Hosea Whitman, William Josselyn, Nathan 
Dwelley, Samuel Bennett, and others. It was "removed to Han- 
son." It formed part of the Second regt., first Brig., 5th Division 
of the Massachusetts militia. The uniform of the company was 
unique; coat and trousers green, a felt cap with long green plume. 
The arms and equipment of each man were kept at his own home.. 
The company never saw service, except on parade and at masters. 
It had a band of its own, consisting of two fifes, two tenor,, 
drums, one bass-drum, a clarionet, and bugle. Barry gives an in- 
teresting accoimt of the presentation to the company by the ladies^^ 
of a beautiful standard with the speech, very stirring and patriotic,, 
made by Miss Eliza Stetson, when she presented the standard. 

The war of 1812 gave rise to but little action in Hanover be- 
yond that already related. There were various votes passed,, 
relative to the pay of troops sent out, providing for powder, etc- 


The town, in a set of resolutions, gave its views on the war to the 
public through "publication in the republican newspapers in Bos- 
ton/' the republican party of that day being the predecessor of the 
democratic party to-day. 

The committees of safety during tlie war were as follows: 

1812 — Turner Stetson, Albert Smith, Aaron Hobart, Jr., Joshua 
Mann, Reuben Curtis, Lemuel Dwelley, and Snow Curtis. 1814 — 
Aaron Hobart, Jr., Isaiah Wing, Elijah Hayward, John B. Bar- 
stow, and Benjamin Stockbridge. 

For its committee of safety during the Revolution as well as this 
later war, Hanover selected its more prominent and substantial 

Among the writer's papers is one headed thus: "Pay Eoll of 
a Company of Infantry stationed at the Fortification Plymouth 
Harbour, commanded by Lieut. Eben Simmons of the Volunteers 
of the United States for the month of February." In the roll are: 
Eben Simmons, Lieut. John Howard, Privata 

Levi Curtis, Sergt. John Munroe, Private. 

Jermiah Bates, Musician. John Oldham, Private. 

John Ramsdell, Jr., Corpl. John Osborne, Private. 

Daniel Bishop, Private. John Perry, Private. 

Clement Bates, Private. William Rand, Private. 

Jesse Boileau, Private. Barth'l Ramsdill, Private. 

Thomas Baker, Private. Elisha C. Stetson, Private. 

David Clarke, Private. Natli'l Stetson, Jr., Private. 

Joseph Cole, Private. Eben S. Thomas, Private. 

Abiah Daman, Private. John Walker, Private. 

Jeremiah Bates died the third of March, suddenly, being well 
the same morning. 

(signed) Ebenezer Simmons, 

Lieut. Com mander. 

This is certified as correct at Boston, April 9, 1813, by Nat 
Freeman, Maj. and Dist. Pay. 

Letters addressed to Lieut. Simmons at the Gurnet and dated 
as late as September 29, 1813, are also found, showing the term 
•of his troops to expire October, 1813. The following letter dated 
August 26, 1813, is interesting. It is addressed, Capt. Simmons, 
Fort Gurnet, and reads : 

"The collector of customs for the Port of Plymouth informs 
Capt. Simmons, Commandant of the Fort, that suspicious circum- 
stances this morning occur relative to boats witliout and near this 
harbour — the arrival of this ship that came in to-day makes the 


appearances more suspicious — 1 therefore suggest that you will 
be guarded and vigilant and, at any rate, if an attempt should be 
made to cut out this ship, you will prevent her being got out by 
all the means in your power." 

Given at the Custom House this twenty-sixth day of August. 


James Warren, Dept. Coll." 

A letter to Lieut. Simmons from "William Brown, Contractor's 
Agent," dated March 21, 1813, shows the sort of stores which were 
furnished the troops at that time. 213 lbs. fresh beef, 6 bbls. sale 
beef, 1 bbl. mess perk, 8 bbls. rye flour, 1 box soap, 1 box candles, 
1 bbl. vinegar, 1 bbl. whiskey. 

Lieut. Simmons' orders, on retiring from the fort, were received 
from Brig. Gen. F. H. Gushing, Commanding. 


In the year 1860, about 85 per cent, of the legal voters of Han- 
over cast their vote for the electors of Abraham Lincoln for 
President. During the succeeding conflict few^ towns filled their 
quotas as promptly. After it had provided for the last call made 
by the President, it had a surplus of about twenty-five men in 
the service. 

At the outset, the available men in Hanover between the ages 
of eighteen and forty-five (the government limit), numbered not 
over two hundred and seventy-five. Of this number, one hundred 
and sixty-nine (Gl 4-10 per cent.) enlisted. 

The first concerted action of the town was taken at a citizen's 
meeting held in April, 1861, when a committee was chosen ta 
confer with citizens of other to^viis as to the proper course to be 
pursued in view of the hostilities which had then been begun. 

Oren Josselyn, Jedediah Dwelley, and Robei-t H. Studley were 
selectmen. That year the town paid "drilling, $320, and for uni- 
forms (14) for the Union guards, $250; for dependents of soldiers 
in the United States service from this town, $868 ; making a total 
military outlay for the year of $1440, of which $834 was due 
to be repaid by the state. This was on a total assessment of 
$777,332, and with a tax rate of $5.70 per thousand. 

The first call for troops was made by the President in April, 
1861. This was for three months' men. Six men in Hanover re- 
sponded, viz: Frank Corbin, William B. Harlow, Hosea Dwelley, 
Patrick Hurley, George C. Dwelley, and William C. Bates, the 
first man to enlist from this town beinff Frank Corbin. 



During the year 1861, in response to other calls, 35 men enlisted 
for three years, viz : — 

Jjucius Barker 
Bradley S. Bryant 
George W. Bates 
John Brainard 
James E. Damon 
Charles Damon 
Bailey D. Damon 
Samuel Hollis 
Cyrus C. Holmes 
Thomas B. Holmes 
George W. Jackman 
George H. Josselyn 
John Larkum 
Luther L. Lucas 
Warren R. Spurr 
Daniel Sullivan 
William T. Walker 

John F. Larkum 
Samuel Keene 
James H. Perry 
Joseph F. Stetson 
James E. Stetson 
George E. Smith 
Michael H. Sullivan 
John W. Nelson 
Eugene Whiting 
John T. Davis 
Charles A. Howland 
Josiah F. Perry 
•Marcus M. Leavitt 
Lebbeus Stockbridge 
Joseph C. Wilder 
Wm. B. Stoddard 
W. S. Gumey 

Jeremiah Looby 

During the year 1862, 55 residents of Hanover enlisted, 37 
for three years and 28 for nine months. 

For Three Years: 

Spencer Binney 
Benjamin Curtis 
George C. Dwelley 
Charles L. Tower 
L. B. Sylvester 
Beuben Stetson 
Gad J. Bailey 
Edmund Phillips 
Hiram B. Bonney 
George R. Josselyn 
Eli C. Josselyn 
Melzar C. Bailey 
Turner Stetson 
Levi C. Brooks 

Alonzo Howland 
Leander Torrey 
Joseph Vinal 

Albert E. Bates 
Francis H. Fish 
William H. Bates 
Lyman Eussell 
Otis B. Oakman 
Joshua E. Bates 
Lewis Josselyn 
Arthur Shepherd 
F. T. Sheldon 
George B. Oldham 
Marcus P. Russell 
Henry C. Gardner 
William Phillips 

For Nine Months: 

Henry A. Whiting 
William T. Stetson 
Lieut. N. S. Oakman 


Albert G. Mann Phineas P. Peterson 

Howard F. Mann William H. H. Vining 
Patrick Greene ' George M. Curtis 

Walter N. Beal Edwin J. Bates 

Zenas M. Bisbee Eobert Mitchel 

Francis Lambert William Church, Jr. 

Allen F. Bonney Thomas B. Whiting 

Oren T. Whiting Benjamin B. Poole 

Judson Studley George H. Stephens 

Truman E. Xiles Robert S. Church 

William E. Thompson James Tangney 

The following is a list of persons, not residents of Hanover, 
who enlisted for the quota of the town, December 12, 1862, as- 
signed to the 1st Mass. regiment, and to serve for the term of 
three years. 

William Smith Malcolm McDonald 

Francis Butler James Day 

William Carley Harman Vogle 

Rowland McGilvery Charles Sweet 

William Alexander Patrick McCarty 

Christopher Butler AVilliam Morrison 

Daniel Morris James King 

Up to July, 1863, the quotas of Massachusetts under the 
several calls of the President, were readily filled by volunteers. 
At that time an imperative draft was ordered, with the under- 
standing that no credits should be given for volunteers. The 
number drafted from Hanover was forty-four. Of these thirty- 
four were exempted from various causes and ten were held to 
service, all of whom paid the commutation of three hundred 

October 17th, 1863, the President issued a call for 300,000 

Feb. 1st, 1864, the President issued another call for 200,000 
volunteers, and on March 14th, 1864, still another, for 200,000 
more to serve for three years, and in the last of these calls, it 
was ordered that, if the number (700,000) were not furnished 
on or before a given date, then a draft be enforced to supply the 

The quota of Hanover under these several calls was fifty-one. 
In filling this quota credits were given for those who were drafted 
in July and paid commutation; for all volunteers enlisted after 
July 1st, 1863; for re-enlisted men, and for substitutes furnished 



by enrolled men of the town, 
volunteers from Hanover. 
Martin C. Thayer 
Joseph D. Thomas 

D. M. Peterson 
Calvin S. Bailey 
George H. Stephens 
Everett N. Mann 

F. A. Stoddard 
C. Stoddard 

S. H. Goodrich 
Perez S. Goodrich 
N. S. Oakman 
John B. Wilder 

G. W. Woodward 

E. M. Sturtevant 

We give below the names of the 

George Sturtevant 
Charles L. Tower 
Eeuben Stetson 
Charles Howiand 
Charles Kobinson 
Noah Freeman 
Horace S. Tower 
Nathaniel Cushing 
Samuel HoUis 
Howard F. Mann 
W. Church, Jr. 
Joseph E. Wilder 
Joseph F. Stetson 
John W. Nelson 

The following persons, not residents of the town, were enlisted 
and placed to the credit of a quota of Hanover, under the above 
calls : 

John H. Pratt 
George W. Argyle 
Cornelius Murphy 

John Eogers 
Thomas Wilson 

Kichard Monroe 

Alexander Spicer 

George Graham 

Second Cavalry. 

Louis Colas 
Henry Wilson 

Third Heavy Artillery. 

Matthew H. Sheldon 
George Conklin 

Second Infantry. 

Henry Johnson 

Fifteenth Infantry. 
Eleventh Infantry. 

Sixteenth Unattached Heavy Artillery. 
F. B. Boardman 

Thirtieth Infantry. 

Forrest B. Nichols 


Under the call of the President, dated July 18, 1864, Charles 
H. Damon enlisted for three years, twenty-seven citizens of the 
town enlisted for one year's service; and, in addition to these, the 
State furnished three from the iStates in rebellion, and eight were 
recruited in Boston and placed to the credit of this town. Follow- 
ing is a list of those who enlisted for one year, as above: 
James Gallagher Edward 8. Turner 

Melzar C. Bailey Spenser Binaey 

Thomas D. Brooks Samuel F. Buffum 

George M. Curtis Francis Chamberlin 

Joseph T. Ellis Joseph S.- Dwelley 

Minot H. Hay den Benjamin Finney 

Joseph M. Henderson Henry W. Howland 

William H. H. Vining Elmer J. Turner 

Henry T. Winslow Oren T. Whiting 

John Stetson Henry Wright 

Elisha W. Ford Albert T. Smith 

Thomas Delay Joseph Muing 

Peleg S. Sturtevant Henry D. Lovis 

Ferrin Willis 

In addition to all these, the town was credited on the last two 
calls with seventeen men in the naval service of the United States. 
As but a portion of these were actual residents of Hanover, we 
give only the names of such residents, with the names of tlie 
vessels to which they were attached : 
Zavan Phillips, 3 years, Kearsarge. 
John McEnroe, 3 years, Vermont. 
Anthony McEnroe, 1 year, Ethan Allen. 
Frederic Cu,rtis, 1 year. Congress. 
William G. Gushing, 1 year, Kiphon. 
William H. Stew^art, Chaplain, Steamer Clara Dutton. 
Robert E. Barstow, 3 years. State of Georgia. 
Julian E. Bates, 3 years, Canandagua. 
Hugh N"ott, 3 years. Paymaster; Memphis, Tenn. 
E. P. Stetson, 1 year, Helen Clifton. 
Sullivan, 1 year, Ethan Allen. 

Early in May, 1861, a company of Hanover men was organized 
with headquarters at the Four Comers. These men formed a part 
of Co. G, of the 18th regiment. About the same time, a company 
was formed in Rockland, which was largely composed of men from 
this town. This company became Co. G, of the 12th regiment. 
Both companies during the entire war were with the army of the 
Potomac. Their losses were severe. 


At the battle of Antietam, of the 325 men of the 12th regt. 
who went into the battle but 112 came out unscathed. At the 
second battle of Bull Eun, the 18th regt. with the same number 
of men suffered nearly as much; and at Fredericksburg the 18tn 
won the especial commendation of Adj. Gen. Schouler. 

In July and August, 1862, the President called for 600,000 
men. Hanover's proportion of this number was 46, which was 
one fourth of all its remaining able-bodied men. But one meet- 
ing was required to raise this number and, at that meeting, fift}"^- 
two patriotic, determined men at once enlisted, thirty for nine 
months and twenty-two for three years. Then, as always when 
Hanover men understood the need, there was no hesitancy in 
answering it. The 9 months' men were mostly attached to the 
third and forty-tliird regiments, but the three years' men, to Com- 
pany K, 38th regt. The latter company went to Louisiana where 
the climate proved more fatal than the fighting. 

In 1863, twenty-eight citizens enlisted on the quota of the 
town for three years and twenty-seven for one year. The latter 
served principally at Fort Warren in Boston Harbor and the 
former joined old regiments in the field. Eleven recruits for 
three years were obtained elsewhere. This year the government 
performed an act of long-delayed justice and gave credit for men 
enlisted in the navy. Hanover was thus credited with 17 addi- 
tional men, most of whom were its own citizens. Among them 
were men on the "Kearsarge," the "Cujtiberland" and the "Con- 
gress." The latter ship, in her last and most famous battle 
with the Merrimac in Hampton Roads, was commanded by 
Joseph Barker Smith, a son of Eear-Admiral Smith, who is men- 
tioned elsewhere in this book. 

Those who enlisted prior to August, 1862 did so without receiv- 
ing bounty. After that a bounty was paid. During the war the 
town paid, in round numbers, a total for bounties of $25,000 ; and 
in aid of soldier's families, $12,860. The state refunded a greater 
part of the latter sum. The disposition of the national, state, 
and municipal governments toward the soldiers of the Rebellion 
has, up to the present date, some 40 years since the declaration 
of peace, been most generous and considerate. No nation in his- 
tory has ever shown such consideration for its defenders. The 
United States has, in this instance at least, proven false the old 
adage that Republics are ungrateful. 


Those Who IFere Killed in Service. 
Levi C. Brooks, killed at the battle of Cane River. 
Benjamin Curtis, killed at the battle of x\ntietam. 
Marcus M. Leavitt, killed at Vieksburg. 
John W. Nelson, killed at the ^^'ilderness. 
John B. Wilder, killed on picket duty. 
Joseph E. Wilder, killed at Sabine Cross Roads. 

Died in the Service. 
Albert E. Bates Calvin E. Ellis 

Joshua E. Bates Winfield S. Gurney 

Spencer Binney George R. Josselyn 

Hiram V. Bonney John Larkum 

Calvin S. Bailey Arthur Shepard 

John H. Gary Joseph D. Thomas 

Loammi B. Sylvester Ferrin Willis 

Francis A. Stoddard George Woodward 

William Church, Jr. 

The unreturned lie at rest in seven states of the South. 

The Grand Army of the Republic. 

The war between the States, called sometimes "The Rebellion," 
and sometimes "The Civil War," was officially declared closed, 
August 30, 1865. 

During its course of os-er four years, more than 1,980,000 men, 
on both sides, were killed, wounded or "missed." 

A desire among the soldiers of the Northern army to perpetuate 
the recollection of their sufferings, to aid each other in peace as 
they had co-operated in war, and to strengthen the feeling of loy- 
alty and fealty to their reunited country, brought about a move- 
ment for association, which culminated in 1866, in the Grand Army 
of the Republic, coming into existence in Illinois. 

This spirit of reunion and brotherhood reached Hanover in 
1869, when Post No. 83 was organized and called the Joseph E. 
Wilder Post. The ceremony of opening the organization took 
place at the Town hall, April 29, 1869, under the direction of Col. 
James L. Bates and Capt. Charles W, Hastings, both of Weymouth. 

The charter members of the Post were : 
Capt. George B. Oldham Charles L. Tower 

Morton V. Bonney William S. Sherman 

John D. Gardner Lewis S. Josselyn 

John G. Knight Tjcbbeus Stockbridge 

Eufus M. Sturtevant Peleg: S. Sturtevant 


More than one-half of these are now (Feb. 3, 1906), living, ami 
the war has been over for almost 41 years. 

During the existence of the Post, over eighty members have been 
upon its rolls. 

The present officers of the Post are : 

Horace S. Tower, commander. 

Samuel A. Henderson, senior vice commander. 

Lyman Eussell, junior vice commander. 

Morton V. Bonney, adjutant. 

Rodolphus C. Waterman, quartermaster. 

Samuel F. Buffum, chaplain. 

Eufus M. Sturtevant, surgeon. 

Lewis Josselyn, officer of the day. 

Joseph F. Stetson, officer of the guard. 

Frank Corbin, quartermaster's sergeant. 

Peleg S. Sturtevant, color bearer. 

Henry A. Farrar, bugler. 

Oren T. Whiting, delegate. 
The other members of the Post (1906) are: 
John G. Knight Nathan Howard 

Samuel Hollis Thomas Delay 

Charles D. Barnard Turner Stetson 

Thomas D. Brooks Martin S. Poppy 

George M. Curtis Isaac N. Bishop 

Joseph Vining Warren Fuller 

Associate Members. 
Hon. Jedediah Dwelley Eben C. Waterman 

Eev. William H. Brooks, (dec'd) Fred B. Hall 
Eev. Andrew Eead Edward A. Bowker 

Eev. Melvin S. Nash John W. Everson 

Past Commanders are: 
George B. Oldham, (dec'd) Dr. Woodbridge E. Howes (dec'd) 

Morton V. Bonney Lewis Josselyn 

John G. Knight, (dec'd) Oren T. Whiting 

Eufus M. Sturtevant Horace S. Tower 

Eodolphus C. Waterman 

Morton V. Bonney, out of the 38 years of this Post's existence, 
has held the office of adjutant 34 years. 

Each year the Post decorates with flowers the graves of about 125 
soldiers, 100 at the cemetery at the Center, and 25 at Union ceme- 
tery, Assinippi. They are assisted by the Woman's Eelief Corps, 
and the Sons of Veterans. 


The post bears the name of Joseph E. Wilder. He was the son 
of Isaac M. Wilder, and was born at Hanover Four Corners, April 
24, 1839. He was the second of three children. His mother was 
Lucinda, daughter of Joseph and Sarah (Bass) Eels of Hanover, 
who married Isaac M. Wilder, Februray 5, 1834. 

Joseph E. Wilder was a student at Amherst college in the class 
of 1863, at the breaking out of the llebellion. He enlisted, No- 
vember 20th, 1861, in Company D, 31st Eegiment, Massachusetts 
Vol. Infantry. He served three years, and again enlisted as 
Quartermaster Sergeant, February 11, 1864. He was killed, while 
in charge of a wagon train on the Eed River expedition under Gen. 
Banks, at Sabine Cross roads, Louisiana, April 8, 1864. 

Since its organization, the Post has distributed several thousand 
dollars in charitable offerings to soldiers and their families. This 
is symbolized by a part of the motto of the Grand Army of the 
Republic, which sets forth its characteristics : ''Fraternity, Charity, 

The Post has had many milestones in its pathway down the years 
and left its mark, not only upon the material side of the town's 
history, but upon its sentimental side as well. 

As evidence of the last, may we be permitted to mention the real 
spirit of brotherly love it has always shown, its loving-kindness in 
all charitable ways, without bickering and without jealousy, the 
true loyal, manly type of its membership, the faithfulness its mem- 
bers have always rhown to all its duties and to all public trusts? 
Hanover is justly proud of its veterans of the G. A. R. 

The more material marks of its existence, beside the annual dec- 
oration of its comrades' graves are the Soldiers' monument and its 
decorations, and the headquarters the Town has set aside for it in 
the Town hall. No public occasion when Hanover displays those 
things of which she is proud ever occurs without the presence and 
aid of Joseph E. Wilder Post, No. 83, of the Grand Army of the 

The Post has twice been the recipient of colors. First, in May 
30th, 1870, when the ladies of the town presented the Post a beau- 
tiful silk flag costing $65.00. The presentation was made by Miss 
Lucy W. Stoekbridge, and Commander George B. Oldham accepted 
it for the Post. 

Sixteen years later, May 31, 1886, the "Little Workers" of South 
Hanover, on the lawn just east of the Centre Church, presented an- 
other silk flag to the Post. The presentation was made by Miss 
Laura E. Oldham, a daughter of Captain (and late commander) 


George B. Oldham. She was ten years of age at the time. Com- 
mander Rodolphus C. Waterman gracefully accepted the colors. 

It is interesting to note the membership of the "Little Workers'' 
and their ages at the time : 

Laura E. Oldham, 10 Annie Mann, 13 

Ethel P. Stetson, 10 Lucy M. Poole, 13 

Gertrude W. Poole, 14 Edith W. Stockbridge, 13 

Delia A. Studley, 14 Katie Pope, 12 

Nannie G. Bailey, 13 Fannie M. Crocker, 10 

Winifred E. Bates, 13 

An annual appropriation for the Grand Army of $75.00 is made 
by the Town. 

In 1894, the Town hall was enlarged. A "Memorial hall" was 
set apart -and finished as a home for the Joseph E. Wilder Post 83, 
Grand Army of the Republic. There the Post hold its meetings. 
The room is decorated with pictures of scenes in the Civil War, por- 
traits of Generals and others connected with that stormy time. A 
platform, with the chairs for the officers and the colors, stands at 
the east side of the room. 

It is the expressed desire of members of the Post that especial 
mention be made of certain of its members. 

Nelson Lowell, who died in 1905, was a stable-sergeant in the 
Ninth Massachusetts Battery of Artillery. At the battle of 
Gettysburg, that battery was sacrificed to give other artillery time 
to get into action. The Ninth checked the rebel advance long 
enough to serve the purpose, but at terrible loss. 

His captain, John Bigelow, in a letter dated July 14, 1896, 
writes, " * * * at Gettysburg, the faithful stable-sergeant, 
learning that his battery was suffering heavy losses in battle, canie 
to me from his position of safety, where he had been detailed, and 
begged to be allowed to take part with his comrades * * * 
I placed him in charge of a detachment * * * gj^^j^ when 
all his own men and horses had been shot, seemingly bearing a 
charmed life, he served as cannoneer with other detachments, while 
any were left; then, amid a shower of bullets, he helped "right" 
one of Lieut. Milton's overturned pieces and finally was held by 
his wounded horse among the enemy, until our lines advanced." 

Joseph F. Stetson went through the entire war in the army of the 
Potomac, from May 7, 1861 to June 27, 1865. At Gravelly Run, 
while marching to Appomattox, ten days before Lee's surrender, he 
was shot through the body. Word went home that "Joe Frank" 


was dead and, April 3, 1865, the bell was tolled for him at tlie Four 

Charles D. Barnard, at the battle of Gaine's Mills, January, 
1862, was severely wounded in both legs and has been all his life a 

Eichard Winslow, the only colored man in the Post, was, dur- 
ing his entire term of membership in the Post, its color-bearer. He 
was at Fort Wagner, in Col. Eobert Gould Shaw's fifty-fourth 
Massachusetts Regiment of Colored men, and, by especial invita- 
tion, took part in the dedication of the monument to Col. Shaw in 

Rear Admiral Joseph Smith. 

No history of this town should fail to contain some account of 
the life of Pear Admiral Joseph Smith, the most distinguished 
man in the naval annals of the town. Born March 2, 1790, the 
second son of Capt. Albert and Anne L. (Eells) Smith, he married, 
March 1, 1818, at Nobleborough, Maine, Harriet Bryant, daughter 
of Nathaniel and Elizabeth (Wall) Bryant, of Newcastle. 

His father was a North river ship builder, and the boy was thus 
made acquainted with all the details of ship building. With a 
nature which called him toward the sea, he enlisted in the Navy. 
A midshipman, January 16, 1809, lieutenant, July 24, 1813, com- 
mander, March 3, 1827, captain, February 9, 1887, commander of 
the Mediterranean squadron in 1845, chief of the Bureau of Yards 
and Docks in 1847, rear admiral, July 16, 1862. He died, Jan- 
uary 17, 1877, aged eighty-six years and nine months. 

He was with Commodore Perry in the battle of Lake Erie, in the 
war of 1812, fighting in command of a ship built by himself and 
manned by a crew taken from the army insubordinates who were 
under arrest. When, in the hottest of the fight, one side of his 
ship was nearly blown away by the enemy, he swung his ship broad- 
side to the foe, first port and then starboard; while the unharmed 
side loaded, the wounded side was turned to the enemy. Thus he 
fought out the fight with pluck, undaunted courage, and with re- 
source ever fresh for the emergency. 

At the battle of Lake Champlain, he was wounded ; and his gal- 
lant conduct in the capture of the Algerine cruisers, in 1815, gained 
him honorable mention. 

When the Civil War broke out. Admiral Smith was past seventy. 
He was still chief of Yards and Docks, and upon him fell to a very 
great extent the task of building up our Navy. His days were 


days of long toil, but no clerk in his department could keep up the 
pace set by its chief. But for his urgency, the Monitor would not 
have received the trial in Hampton Eoads which demonstrated the 
value of armored ships and saved the Navy of the United States. 
President Lincoln is said to have called him the "'Wheel-horse of 
the Navy." 

The Admiral's trial of the Monitor saved the Navy, but it was 
too late to save his son Joseph Barber Smith, who commanded the 
Congress, when she was attacked by the Merrimac. His reply to 
Secretary Welles, when the latter called him from church to teli 
him of the battle and the surrender of the Congress, "Then Joe is 
dead," is classic. It illustrates the Spartan character of the old 
hero when it is added that after this laconic judgment of his boy^s 
courage, he walked back into the church and finished the service. 

The Blue and Red War of 1909 

A word as to the Mimic war in Plymouth County in 1909. 
"Never in the history of New England, if in this country, have mil- 
itary manojuvres been held of the magnitude of those which took 
place, from August 14th to 21st, 1909, in Southern Massachusetts." 

"The manoeuvres were considered of sufficient importance for for- 
eign nations to send military attaches, and the interest the entire 
country manifested was shown by the fact that over 350 newspaper 
representatives accompanied the troops, the majority, coming from 
states other than Massachusetts." 

The final battle was fought at and near Hanover Four Corners, 
lasting for about three hours. His Excellency, Eben S. Draper, 
Governor of Massachusetts, was in the thick of the fray. 

Eichard Harding Davis, a veteran correspondent of several wars, 
said to a friend, regarding the Hanover battle as he sat watching 
the same. "It may surprise you if I say that this mimic fight is 
one of the most spectacular I have ever seen in my life. All it 
lacks is the carnage. The picturesqueness of New England topog" 
raphy, the stone walls, rolling hills, clumps of bushes, etc., all 
defined by the incessant firing, certainly is thrilling." 

The last of the mimio battles was fought, and the warring troops 
to the number of ten or twelve thousand, now peaceful and friendly, 
pitched their tents on Hanover soil, where they all remained for 
one night, many of them for two nights or more. 

Hundreds of people, both from Hanover and the surrounding 
to\vns, visited the encampments, which extended along Washing- 
ton street for about two miles, on Broadway for a mile, and for 

Seen,, of OIK. of tlir final hattles ..f ll.- Min.i.' W^.v of liHl!) 


short distances on Myrtle, Hanover and King streets, — one encamp- 
ment being on New State street in Hanson near the residence of 
Charles E. Thayer. The sight witnessed was such as few will ever 
see again in our vicinity. The troops were orderly and intelligent, 
and left our town with the best wishes of her citizens. 

The 10th U. S. Cavalry (colored) remained in town until Sun- 
day morning, encamping, the last night, in the field in the rear of 
the residence of E. M. Sturtevant, on Pleasant street. This Cavalry 
served with distinction at San Juan with Col. Eoosevelt, and also 
in the Philippines. It was a beautiful morning when tiiey left 
and, as they rode from the field in perfect order, the sight was 
one long to be remembered. 



Shipbuilding, Hanover's Railroad, Iron. 

By John F. Simmons. 


In the days when England first became mistress of the seas, 
her "walls of oak" were her boast. No iron ship could have been 
constructed, when the Pilgrims pounded across the Northern 
Atlantic in the famous "Mayfiower," which, to our ideas of marine 
constru,ction, seems to have resembled nothing so much as a tub. 
To the first Englishman at Plymouth, the superabimdance of 
white oaks through the primeval forest could but have suggested 
the building of ships for themselves. Here the Mayflower had 
left them with no means of marine conveyance, except the shal- 
lop in which they had made their first coasting trips of discovery. 
They were hemmed in by the forest in their rear and the sea in 
front of them bade them go no farther. The land-bound English- 
men must have cast about in their early years for some means of 
increasing their available flotilla. 

And, in truth, this seems to have been what happened, when 
the more worldly-wise Puritans had come to establish themselves 
here. Many differences have been pointed out between the 
Plymouth settlers and those who peopled the Bay Colony, so far 
as religious beliefs and practices are concerned. Elsewhere the 
fact has been alluded to that the Pilgrims of Plymouth were not 
Puritans, although the literature of the world is full of allusions 
which confuse the two bodies of early settling Englishmen in 
the Colonies. Without adverting further than has been done to 
the theological distinctions, it is interesting to note how wide is 
the difference in worldly wisdom between the Pilgrims of Pl3mi- 
outh and their neighbors of the Massachusetts Bay. 

The little old shallop of the Mayflower was sufficient to enable 
the more adventurous of the first comers to skirt the coast in 
northern exploration. This taught them early, in the first 


year of their settlement, that, 30 miles to the north of Plymouth,, 
a spot might have been selected which would have ottered better 
land for tillage, better water for harbors, better forests, and 
equally good fishing, hunting and trapping. They also knew that 
the company, whose money had made possible their immigration 
to these new shores, relied for the payment of their dues upon 
the success of the settlement as a commercial adventure. Yet with 
a strange blindness to the opportunities for commercial better- 
ment which the more northerly shores offered them or perhaps 
coerced by a stolid English conservatism which their dwelling 
among the burghers of Holland had only tended to increase, they 
steadfastly refused to be moved from the place where they had 
landed, although its associations could have been to them nothing 
less than horrible. 

However, the Puritans were not so slow to sieze commercial 
advantages offered them in their new home. They, and not the 
Pilgrims would seem to be entitled to be called the real fathers of 
the race whose shrewdness is ineffaceably connected with the word 
Yankee. As early as 1629, the Massachusetts Bay Company in 
London had been informed of the shipbuilding possibilities of the 
new country. England had then as now a mighty race of sailors. 
Her mechanics from generations of shipbuilders, had become 
the most skilled builders of wooden walls in the world. While 
the men were ever ready, the supply of ship-timber was even then 
beginning to be a cause of anxious thouglit. The new country 
with its unknown miles of virgin forests offered a solution of the 
difficulty. The London Company saw the advantage of bringing 
together the raw material and the labor skilled in fashioning it 
to their needs. A letter (their first) to the new Colony of Mass- 
achusetts Bay, under date of April 7, 1029, stated that six shi])- 
wrights had been sent to Now England. 

No long time elapsed before the new industry began to show re- 
sults. On July 4, 1631, a thirty ton ''Bark," the "Blessing of 
the Bay" (note the religious tone of the name) was launched into 
"Mistick Eiver", at what is now Medford. She was owned by 
Governor Winthrop and was the first vessel to be built in New 

In June, 1641, Richard Hollingsworth launched at Salem a three 
hundred ton ship and, in a himdred years after the landing at 
Plymouth (1724), we find sixteen master shipbuilders of the 
Port of London petitioning the Ix)rds of the Committee of Plan- 
tations "not to encourage shipbuilding in New England because 


workmen were drawn thither." The scarcity of raw material had 
even then become associated with a scarcity of the labor to work 
it and the interference of government with the laws of trade was 

The first ship to be built in S'cituate was built probably by Wil- 
liam James at the Harbor. Deane says he probably came from 
Marshfield as early as 1650 ; but he did not settle at the Harbor un- 
til 1673. He may have built and probably did build here when he 
first came. To do so was*most probably the object of his coming. 
He dug a dock, still known as "Will James' dock," and located 
his yard at the head of it. We can find no record to corroborate 
these surmises and no means have yet been found to learn the 
names of the ships he built. 

As stated in Briggs' "Ship Building on North River," it may 
be possible that ships were built on North river even earlier 
than at the Harbor, although Deane distinctly states that they 
were "first built" at the Harbor. In 1645, Thomas Nichols was 
a shipbuilder owning lands "near and southeast of the spot, since 
known as Hobart's Landing, at which place he carried on the art 
of shipbuilding." (Briggs). This place, later known as "Briggs' 
Ship Yard", lies on the Scituate side of the river, just west of 
Little's bridge. The old marks of the landing and the ship yard 
can still be traced. Nichols had a daughter Rebecca, who mar- 
ried Samuel House, Jr., who continued the business of shipbuilding 
at his father-in-law's yard. Her descendants settled in Hanover, 
west of the Third Herring Brook and near the Ponds, in Pem- 

The second oldest yard on North river is the "Old Barstow 
Yard." The Barstow's were prominent, perhaps the most prom- 
inent, of the first settlers in Hanover. A Barstow was designated 
to call the first townmeeting. A Barstow built the first North 
river bridge and a Barstow took the first contract to build a 
•street in town. This was William who came to New England 
in the "Truelove", in 1635. In 1649, he is found in what is 
now Hanover, building himself a house on a spot which may still 
be found in the rear of the Second Congregational Church at the 
Comers, north of Oakland Avenue. Ho died in 1668 and had 
been a shipbuilder at the old "Barstow Yard" a few years before 
his death. His descendants carried on the same business in this 
and neighboring towns for two centuries. The handiwork of the 
Barstow yards carried the ship timber from Hanover hillsides 
over the waters of the whole earth. 


'% m \ 

Tin; .!( I)(;k cusniN'j house, corner of Oakland avk. and washlxgton st. (i860) 




This yard occupied the ground now covered by the Hanover 
abutments of the North river bridge. The road then led down 
to the stream just west of the present bridge and wayfarers as 
they descended to the river, passed under the bows of the newly 
formed hulls. 

The limited size of this yard compelled the removal of the- 
Barstows to larger quarterti, when the size of the ships they built 
began to be increased. They then went to the yard at the "Two- 
Oaks", farther down the stream. 

Their old yard, however, was still used. Nathaniel Sylvester^ 
commonly known, for distinction's sake, as "Builder" Sylvester, 
took the abandoned site for his own, about 1745. Mr. Sylvester 
was bom in 1718 and built the house (1743) now occupied by 
Mr. T. K. Guth, near the bridge. 

His great grandchildren now living in Hanover are Elijah 
W., George F., and Elizabeth, who, with their sister Mary T. 
Stockbridge (widow of the late Lebbeus, Jr.), all reside on Broad- 
way, South Hanover. Elijah is a carpenter, George, a florist; 
Elizabeth is employed at E. Phillips & Son's Tack-Factory and 
lives in the family homestead with her brother George. George 
married Mary Abby, daughter of Rev. Cyrus W. Allen, who was 
pastor of the first church at the Centre. He has no children. 

"Builder" Sjdvester built mostly schooners, for which there 
was a good demand for coasting purposes. Coal was then un- 
known. Wood was in great demand. Railroads were also un- 
dreamed of. Coasting schooners furnished the best means of 
transporting wood to the market. And the wood business was 
one of importance. 

. "Builder" died February 21, 1781. His son Nathaniel suc- 
ceeded him at this yard, until, in 1795, it passed into the hands 
of Jonathan Sampson. Nathaniel built the schooner "Swallow",, 
in 1784, and probably the schooner "Lydia", in 1789. 

Jonathan Sampson, who succeeded the Sylvesters here, built 33 
vessels. His product was used largely for fishermen at the Grand 
Banks. The largest ship ever built at this yard was the "Caliban", 
311 tons. 

Sampson's successor was tlio firm of Turner. Palmer, and Ma- 
goun. The firm were all old sliipbuilders and they did a rushing- 
business, mostly in smaller vessels. The members were Barker 
Turner, Jeduthan Palmer, and Enoch Magoun. They all lived 
in Pembroke, although Palmer was by birth a Hanoverian. Tur- 
ner had built 22 vessels for Scituate Harbor alone. They some- 


times had three vessels on tlie stocks at once. The firm dissolved 
between 1S29 and 1835. 

The next oldest shipyard on the river was the first one within 
the present limits of Hanover. It was called Turners' yard and 
was the "'farthest point up the river at which any vessels were 
built." (Briggs) It lay just above the North river bridge, on 
land since owned by Seth Barker, later by Horatio Bigelow, after 
him a Mr. Kendall, and now by T. K. Guth. At the time, the 
yard occupied a small gully or ravine on the river bank, which 
was just about large enough to accommodate one of the small 
vessels which were built in those days. The place can still be 
identified, although modern improvements have demanded that 
it be nearly obliterated. 

David Turner owned this yard previous to 1699 and after- 
ward. He came hither from Scituate and, in 1665, married Han- 
nah, a daughter of William Randall. Briggs says, "He probably 
commenced the building of vessels soon after this date", (1665). 

As we go down river below the bridge after leaving the Old 
Barstow Yard site we come to yards in the following succession. 
John Clark's 
Isaac Perry's 

Albert, Josiah, Thomas, and Millar Smith's 
Thomas Barstow and Eobert L. Eelis', afterward J. B. and Elijah 
Isaac Perry's, 

Col. John Bailey's — afterward Smith's, afterw^ard Barstow's. 

It is impossible here to go into details further. Dr. Briggs,' 
in his "Ship Building on North River," gives a mass of facts 
which no research now could probably increase. 

The height of the business boom which shipbuilding gave to 
Hanover occurred probably between the Revolution and the War 
of 1812. The embargo crippled the industr}^ temporarily but the 
most potent cause of the decline it would probably be impossible 
to select. Lack of available material in the neighborhood; the 
increase in the size of ships and the great difficulty of getting 
a large ship to sea from Hanover over the rocks, shoals and bars, 
of the river; bad commercial legislation; the increase of steam 
craft and the use of iron and steel in ship construction; all tend- 
ed to make an end of an industry which brought all sorts of 
business prosperity to the tovm. It is said as many as 400 hands 

Hanover's railroad. 175 

from the ship yards could be seen at the Corners every Saturday 
nio-ht, when the boom was on. Mr. Eben C. Waterman, of our 
present board of Selectmen, was the last apprentice to learn the 
shipbuilder's trade on North river. He followed this calling foe 
several years. 

There were notable men, notable in town and in tlie country 
at large, who had connections with this Hanover industry. Some 
of them we have already mentioned. Among them we may well 
remember Capt. Abort Smith, the father of Rear Admiral Joseph 
Smith, whose son Joseph commanded the "Congress", when she 
was sunk by the Merrimac in Hampton Roads during the Civil 
War, and of Hon. Albert Smith, who is elsewhere mentioned. 

Mrs. Annie Lenthal Bigelow, wife of Horatio Bigelow, who 
lived at one time near North river bridge, Avas a granddaughter 
of the Capt. Albert; and Mrs. Elizabeth Salmond, wife of Sam- 
uel Salmond, was his seventh child. 

Hanover's railroad. 

This railroad which, until its absorption by the Old Colony 
system (which in its turn l)ecame by lease a part of the New 
York, New Haven, and Hartford Railroad Company's property), 
was called the Hanover Branch Railroad, begins at the Four 
Corners on Broadway, opposite the lumber and grain establish- 
ment of Phillips, Bates and Company, curves southward and pass- 
es close to the Indian Head river at the Clapp Rubber Works, 
which was formerly Curtis' forge; thence it leads westerly to 
Soutl) Hanover, running nearly parallel to the river, until it 
reaches the station passing enroute close to the buildings of 
Waterman's Tack Manufactory, at Project Dale. From South 
Hanover it curves northerly, crosses Centre and Circuit streets, 
reaches West Hanover village at the junction of Circuit, Hanover, 
and Pleasant streets, and crosses the Rockland-Hanover line at a 
point about sixty-five rods northwest of the late residence of Otis 
Ellis, deceased. It continues through Rockland (formerly called 
East Abington), to its junction with the main line of tracks of 
the Plymouth division of the N. Y., N. H. & H. road, at North 

Hanover had within its boundaries no railroad, until the build- 
ing of the Hanover Branch was an accomplished fact.. The people 
from the northerly portions of the town, when they desired to 
reach Boston, had, up to that time, resorted by private convey- 
ance to the Old Colony Road at North Abington or to Hingham, 


where steamboats supplemented the South Shore Branch of the 
Old Colony system or took the stage which, under the guidance 
of Seth Foster, daily covered the route from North Marshfield 
through South Scituate and Assinippi to Hingham. From the 
south portion of the town, Hiram Eandall's coach, which followed 
a route beginning at West Duxbury and running through the 
Four Corners, Center Hanoer, West Hanover, and Rockland to 
North Abington, furnished the only public conveyance. 

Still earlier, the Plymouth and Boston coaches ran across the 
town, from south to north, along Washington street; but this 
line was discontinued when the Old Colony line was put into 
operation in 1846. 

The town almost became a part of the Old Colony Eoad's sys- 
tem. The earliest surveys of that system's route were made along 
and parallel to the old turnpike and stage route. This survey 
was abandoned when the Half Way House near Queen Anne's 
Corner was reached; tradition says that this was due to the op- 
position of the land-holding farmers, who objected that "it would 
cut up their farms and scare their cattle." If this be true, it 
furnishes an example of the customary short-sightedness of those 
who are wedded to the idea of keeping things as they always 
have been. 

After the Old Colony Eailroad had been located and built west 
of us, the citizens began to stir themselves for a railroad from 
this town. The movement begun, perhaps, in 1845, culminated 
in a charter for the Hanover Branch Railroad. TMs was granted 
by the Legislature, April 6th, 1846, and under its terms the road 
was to be located within one year and constructed within three 
years from the passage of the act. "John Cushing, George Curtis, 
and John Sylvester, their associates and successors," were the orig- 
inal incorporators. The capital stock was to "consist of not 
more than twelve hundred and fifty shares, of one hundred dollars 
each." Authority was given to enter upon and unite with the Old 
Colony and provision was made by which the New Corporation 
could sell out to the Old Colony Railroad Company at any time. 
The Old Colony Railroad from Boston to Plymouth was chartered 
on the 16th of March, 1844. The Hanover people began their 
agitation within a year and, in less than a month over two years 
from the incorporation of the trunk line, the people of Hanover 
had the charter for their branch. 

But then, as now, it is one thing to obtain a charter, and quite 
another thing to build a road. The year went by and no road 

Hanover's railroad. 177 

had been built. In 1847, (April 23), the legislature extended 
the time for filing the location for one year and six months from 
April 6, 1847. 

The new corporation met and chose Isaac M. Wilder, clerk. 
They met several times; but nothing of a progTessive nature was 
accomplished and the extended time-limit expired without a rod 
of the road having been located. 

Tlie sleep which followed was but a Eip Van Winkle dream 
and not the sleep of death. For nearly twenty years after the 
expiration of the charter, the stage coach continued to be without 
competition in the transportation of passengers to and from Han- 

Then came one of those men for the emergency, with whose 
deeds the history of the world is full. A man born with a genius 
to make money, a man of great individuality, who had the utmost 
confidence in his own judgment and an indomitable energy in 
carrying to completion a plan once conceived, came here from 
Hanson, Edward Y. Perry was no common man. Although 
his long life was devoted almost entirely to the accumulation of 
a large fortune, yet he was always pleased, as he advanced on 
the way to wealth, to help the material prosperity of the town or 
friends who were useful to him. While it should be understood 
that no analysis of Mr. Perry's character is here attempted, and 
without ascribing motives of any sort to his action, it cannot be 
denied that, but for Mr. Perry's efforts, the Hanover Branch Eail- 
road would never have been built and the material prosperity 
of Hanover would have been seriously retarded. That, directly 
and indirectly, Mr. Perry's personal acquisitions were greatly in- 
creased, does not in the least dim the clear truth of the statement 
that he, more than any other single man, built the road. Nor 
does this detract at all from those others whose effoi-ts aided im- 
mensely and without whose assistance Mr. Perry's labors would 
have been fruitless. Without making the list complete and with- 
out invidious distinction, Mr. George Curtis, Mr. L. C. Water- 
man, E. Q. Sylvester and Ezra Phillips, in Hanover, and Jenkins 
Lane and Washington Eeed, in Rockland, were men to whom the 
new project owed much, the latter, for the interest they stirred 
up in East Abington (now Eockland) and the very large contri- 
butions to the stock list which resulted, and the former, for the 
same material assistance in Hanover. 

A company was organized, April 19, 1864, but it was no easy 
task to raise funds to build the road. Few in town believed it 


could ever be made to pay dividends. It is related, as showing 
the popular way of estimating its probable future, that two citi- 
zens of West Hanover were discussing the new scheme. Neither 
believed in it. One said, "now here is Randall's coach doing all 
the business there is to do. It comes through here tw^ice a day. 
It ought to be here now. Let's see how many there are aboard.'' 

Presently, the rattle peculiar to the old Concord Coach was 
heard and soon the cloud of dust which usually accompanied the 
four horse coach came into view. One solitary passenger made 
life less lonely for the driver, and only one. 

As the wise men with hands in their pockets turned away 
from this, to them, convincing piece of testimony, we can imagine 
the sniff of sarcasm, when one said to the other, '\\nd yet they 
say the railroad's going to pay." 

At the first meeting, called April 19, '64, the following officers 
were elected. 

Edward Y. Perry, of Hanson. 
Jenkins Lane, of East Abington. 
George Curtis, of Hanover. 
Sumner Shaw, of East Abington. 
George F. Hall, of Marshfield. 
Washington Heed, of East Abington. 
Edmund Q. Sylvester, of Hanover. 

The Directors then chose Edward Y. Perry, President; Jenkins 
Lane, Treasurer; and Calvin T. Phillips, of Hanover, Clerk. This 
meeting was held at the old Hotel at the Four Corners, then 
called the Hanover House. All these original officers of the 
Company bave now passed away. 

The road, as first built, was seven and two-thirds miles long. 
The stock subscribed was one hundred and twenty three thousand 
dollars. No bonds were ever placed upon this road but a mort- 
gage for $20,000 was held for a time by Edmimd Q. Sylvester 
and George Curtis, who advanced that sum to complete the road. 
Cars were running over the completed line in July, 1868, about 
two years after the work of construction was begun by the con- 
tractors, J. B. Dacey & Company. The road was located, graded, 
and built under the direction of Joseph Smith of Hanson, Mass., 
civil engineer. The highest grade was that near Project Dale 
of eighty-five feet to the mile. The rails first laid were fifty 
pounds to the yard. About one quarter of the land along the 
road-way was given by the owners, to aid the undertaking. 

Hanover's railroad. 179 

Later the Old Colony llailroad Company acquired control of 
this road. At the time of its sale, it was the only branch of the 
greater system which still retained its autonomy. Its stock brought 
par, it is said, in this transfer, and certain new cars and certain 
lands along the route, which it had owned, were not included 
in the sale. It had had a most successful existence as an indepen- 
dent road, which fact was due almost entirely to the economical 
management of Mr. Perry, the only president the road ever had, as 
well as to his successful efforts in building up new business along 
its line. He established in Kockland, the grain, coal, and lumber 
business now owned by the A. Culver Company; the box and 
grain-mill of Lot Phillips & Co., at West Hanover; and the coal, 
grain, and lumber company of Phillips, Bates & Co., at the Four 
Corners. All these were established by capital Mr. Perry fur- 
nished and in all of them he was at one time a co-partner. It 
is understood that the capital of Mr. Perry has never been with- 
drawn from the establishment at the Four Corners, remaining 
there under the direction of Mr. Perry's will. So economically 
did Mr. Perry manage the road that he himself frequently took 
the place of the conductor of trains, to relieve some employe 
who was off duty, and the jocose remark frequently heard on the 
line that, when he rode as president, he always paid his own fare, 
shows the popular appreciation of the policy of the management. 

At one time, he compelled the Old Colony, by legal proceedings, 
to refund over $20,000, due on account, as Mr. Perry claimed, 
and, in the pursuit of his duty, he received injuries which nearly 
cost him his life and from which he was seriously crippled and 
never fully recovered. 


Writing in 1804, Dr. James Thatcher said that the first fur- 
nace for smelting iron ore known in the county of Plymouth was 
erected, in 1702, by Lambert Despard and the Barker family, 
at the mouth of Mattakeesit pond in Pembroke. It was aban- 
doned in a few years, owing to the exhausting of the wood supply 
in the neighborhood. At that time, the only method known 
for reducing iron ores was by the use of charcoal as fuel. As 
this process was very destructive of the forest, long continuance 
in any one spot was impossible. 

The ore used for reduction into pigs was, in the early days 
of the Colony, largely of domestic production. At "Egg-harbor 
in the State of New Jersey", Dr. Thatcher said, "a very consider- 


able portion of the ore smelted in our furnaces is procured.'* 
But this was in 1804, when the country had been in the posses- 
sion of the white man for nearly two centuries. The earlier 
times relied upon the domestic supply found in the ponds and 
swamps and called bog-iron. 

The iron which nature appeared to have manufactured in the 
streams and ponds of the county, was found in varying size* 
and in ever diminishing quantities. The large ponds, Assawamp- 
sett in Middleboro, Monponsett in Halifax and Sampson's in 
Carver, furnished the larger supply. The first use of this ore 
was made about 1740 (it is impossible to get the exact date) 
and, for a long time, 600 tons per year was raised from the bot- 
tom of Assawampsett pond. This had dwindled to 300 tons in 
11804. The other two ponds, at the last named date, furnished 
about 100 tons per year. 

This ore was found, in the shallow water of the shore, in small 
nodules of the size of peas or bullets. As the water grew deeper, 
from two to six feet in depth, the supply of ore became larger and 
it resembled a fig in size and shape. Out of the lower depths, 
were drawn huge cakes of a dirty black ore, whose adhesive power 
was so slight that it crumbled to pieces easily. The smaller 
nodular ore }delded from twenty to thirty per cent of iron. The 
blacker ore of the deeps was principally valuable for smelting 
with the better iron. 

These ores brought about $6 per ton at the furnace in 1804. 

From Silver Lake about 3000 tons of iron ore were taken. 
Out of some of this, cannon balls were made which were used in 
the Eevolution. 

In Hanover there is no record of pond ore but the bog ore ia 
the swamps was common. Barry notes the fact that bog ore was 
taken from Cricket Hole and from the bog through which flows 
Iron Mine brook. 



Slavery. Support of Poor. Aged Persons. 


By Jedediah Dwelley and John F. Simmons. 

The existence of African slavery in the Colonies was not con- 
fined to the territory south of what has come to be known as Mason 
and Dixon's line. 

In the earlier days in Hanover there were many slaves, Indians 
as well as negroes. It was the common custom to have slaves, 
limited only by the ability of the master to buy them. 

In 1754 and 1755 there were, according to the assessor's returns, 
eight male and nine female slaves over the age of sixteen years, 
in Hanover. Intermarriages between the black and red races were 
not infrequent. The principal sources of information in regard to 
these bondmen is obtained from our town records of births, mar- 
riages, and deaths, and the following facts are copied from the 
same: — "Dick, James Bailey's negro, and Daphne, Col. Barker's 
negro, were married Dec. 25, 1741," and "Boston and Margaret, 
slaves of Elijah Gushing, were married the same year." 

" Windsor Jonas and Mercy Red, an Indian, were married 
March 9, 1749." 

"Jack and Bilhah, Job Tikltn's servants, were married February 
8, 1751." 

"Xewport and Kate, slaves of Nathaniel Sylvester, were mar- 
ried May 25, 1760." 

"Caesar, child of Deacon Stockbridge's slave, died June, 14, 

Joseph Ramsdell's negro child died April 25, 1733. 

Deacon Stockbridge's negro, Cuffy, died Jan. 18, 1736. 

Elijah Cushing's negro child died March 5, 1736. 

Fred, a negro of Matthew Estes, died Feb. 13, 1739. 

Phillis, Captain Joselyn's negro, died Feb. 9, 1742. 

Captain Cushing's negro child died July 30, 1744. 

A negro child of Uriah Lambert, died Sept., 1746. 


A negro child of Elijah Gushing, Esq., died Feb., 1747. 

Jupiter, Mr. Jolm Curtis' negro, died Dec., 1747. 

Briton, negro child of John Studley, died January 23, 1749. 

A negro child of Ensign John Bailey died August 7, 1751. 

A negro child of Lieutenant Job Tilden, died Dec. 25, 1754^ 
and another, February 12, 1760. 

Dina, negro servant to Mr. Amos Sylvester, died Feb. 1756. 

Ben, an Indian slave of John Bailey, died May, 1756. 

Bilhah, Joshua Barstow's negi'o woman, died May 21, 1757. 

Jeffrey, negro of Colonel Turner, was drowned in Furnace 
Pond, August 29, 1765. 

Dick, slave of Eev. Samuel Baldwin, died Feb. 3, 1762. 

Phebe, negi'o slave to David Jacobs, died Jan. 8, 1769 ; also 
Jane, a negro servant of David Jacobs, died Feb. 28. 1775. 

Jesse Boos, negro slave of Eev. Samuel Baldwin, died Oct. 5, 

Daphne, an old negro, probably Col. Barker's slave, died March 
10, 1779. 

London, negro of the widow Turner, died Jan. 15, 1786. 

Dick, negro of Col. Bailey, and husband of Daphne, died Jan. 
20, 1786, aged 90. 

Mingo, negro of Capt. Simeon Curtis, died April 7, 1791, aged 

The moral wrong of human slavery is now recognized through- 
out the civilized world as a legal wrong also. Wliile the earliest 
settlers of these Colonies did not view the holding of slaves in the 
same light as do the more advanced minds of today, nevertheless 
it is a source of gratitude to their descendants that our ancestor.^ 
here in Massachusetts saw the true light so early, and did not wait 
for the compulsion of the Emancipation Proclamation to rid our 
soil of slavery's wrong. 

"Slavery existed in Massachusetts until the adoption of its con- 
stitution on the 15th of June, 1780. Article first of the "Declara- 
tion of the Eights of the Inhabitants of the Commonwealth'^ 
declared as follows: — "All men are born free and equal, and have 
certain natural, essential, and unalienable rights; among which 
may be reckoned the right of enjoying and defending their lives 
and liberties; that of acquiring, possessing and protecting prop- 
erty; in fine, that of seeking and obtaining their safety and hap- 
piness." Whatever may have been the intent of the framers of 
the constitution in constructing the above article, tlie Supreme 
Court of Massachusetts decided as early as 1781, in the case of 


Walker vs. Jennison, that slavery was abolished in Massachusetts 
by tlie declaration of rights, and that decision has been repeatedly 
confirmed by later ones." 

Notwithstanding the fact of its abolishment, many old negroes 
continued to live and die in the homes of their masters. FoUow- 
ino- is a copy of the record of the deaths of three such persons : 
" May 2, 1792, Susanna, negro woman of Deacon Bass, age 73." 
Rev. John Mellen makes this entry in the Church Records: 
"Sept. 20, 1793. Our negro woman called Bess died, aged 36." 
"March 9, 1794. Mary, negro woman of Robert Estes, aged 76." 
"March 25, 1795. Cuba, a negro woman of Deacon Brooks, aged 

It is doubtful if, in Hanover, the traffic in slaves was very great. 
It is certain that in the settling of estates they were appraised as 
property and passed to the heirs as such ; or, in case of wills, they 
were bequeathed to legatees named. When examining the records 
of conveyance of real estate, it is not uncommon to find a negro 
named therein as the consideration. One or two cases which may 
be of interest are cited: — 

Walter Briggs, who was the ancestor of the Briggs', shipbuilders 
of Hanover, was in Scituate in 1643. In a deed given to him by 
one Margaret Cox, dated March, 1673, she, "for £14 10s., con- 
veyed her right to a negro girl called Maria." The will of said 
Walter Briggs dated 1676, has this provision: — "Also I will my 
said wife, Mariah, ye little neger girl, to be with her so long as my 
wife lives." 

This wife probably did not long survive her husband and "ye 
little neger girl Maria" went to their son John and later John's 
widow, Deborah disposed of Maria as follows: — "1688-9 — Whereas 
Maria, a negro girl, is servant to me for term of life, I, Deborah 
Briggs, have granted to Cornelius Briggs of Barnstable, Maria, ye 
negro, my servant." 

Capt. Cornelius Briggs died in 1693 and his will provided that 
liis "negro servant woman named "Mauria" shall, thirteen years 
after date, be set free and at liberty to be at her own disposing." 
In 1694, Lieut. James Briggs, executor of the will of his brother, 
Cornelius Briggs, sold Maria to Stephen Otis, "she to serve said 
Otis from date until eleven years shall be fully ended, — at the end 
of which time the negro woman is to be free and at her own dis- 

For quite a long time there was on exhibition in the Old South 
Church a bill of sale of a slave girl, given by Job Tilden of Han- 


over to a Mr. Bailey of Scituate. She was described therein as 
nine years old, of good bodily health, and with a kind disposition. 

In 1773, John Bailey gave to his son John certain real estate 
on condition that "he shall comfortably support my two old 
negroes during their natural life." Such bequests were common. 

Mr. Bass, the first minister, owned and baptized a slave named 
Titus. After the death of Mr. Bass his daughter Mary sold Titus 
to John Gould of Hull. The price paid was £42 8s., and the fol- 
lowing is a copy of said Bill of Sale : — 

" Memorandum. That I have bought of Miss Mary Bass of 
Hanover her negro man Titus for the sum of £43 8s. I am to 
pay a pound down and give a note upon interest for £26 13s 4d, 
and one for £13 5s. 2d. She runs the risque of him till he shall 
come to Hull, and then at mine. The notes to be dated Nov., 1770; 
the bill of sale and notes to be made as soon as may be. Her 
mother and brother, Benjamin Bass, with her to sign the bill.'' 
This was signed October 25, 1770, by John Gould and Mary Bass, 

Eecords now in existence show that there were at different times 
nearly one hundred slaves in the town. The number not recorded 
must have been large. 

When, about 1780, the slaves became free, they took a surname, 
many that of their late owners, although to emphasize the fact 
some took the name of "Freed man" which later became "Free- 
man." James Freeman is still well remembered by men of ad- 
vanced years as "Uncle Jim." He was the son of Asher, who died 
in Hanover in 1820. 

Cato, a slave of Winslow of Marshfield, took his owner's 

name and he was the ancestor of the colored Winslows of Hanover 
and Norwell. Cato was bom about 1765 and his son Harvey about 
1800. This Harvey married Clarissa Humphrey of Hingham. 
She was the daughter of Csesar and Candis, — Csesar later taking 
the name of Humphrey, probably becaused he lived in the neigh- 
borhood of that name. 

During the Revolutionary War, Job Tilden sent one of his slaves 
named Cuffee, as a soldier in the Continental Army. He was with 
Col. Bailey and died at Valley Forge, and the sacrifice gave him a 
second name, for henceforth he M^as known as Cuffee Tilden, and 
so the printed rolls inscribe him. 

Cuffee Joselyn was a slave of Col. Joseph Joselyn's. He was 
captured on the Coast of Africa when a boy and died at the house 
of Thomas Damon about 1831 at tlie advanced age of more than 
one hundred years. He, also, served in the Continental Army. 


We copy from a memorandum made by Mr. Jolm Tower, in 
which he says, " We well remember the old slave and how he 
looked when we were very small and listened to his sorrowful tale 
of being kidnapped in his own country when he as a child was 
playing in the surf, his mother watching that no harm befell him, 
when the sailors landed from a large ship, seized him and carried 
him on board, while his mother stood on the shore wringing her 
hands and screaming for her little boy that she was never to see 

William T. Davis, in an article written a few years before his 
death, on the subject of slavery, says: "It has been estimated that 
at various times forty million slaves were taken from the shores of 
Africa." And Booker T. Washington says "that previous to 1850 
the number of slaves brought to the United States exceeded the 
number of persons who came voluntarily to her shores." 

The preceding pages of this chapter on Slavery ivere ivritten by 
Jedediah Dwelley; the remaining pages on the same subject 
ivere ivritten by John F. Simmons. 

The abolition jnovement in the North which resulted in the 
Emancipation Proclamation of President Lincoln was a moral 
movement. The long agitation of its leaders had instilled into 
the very soul of the North the great moral wrong of human bon- 
dage. The uprising of the North in the Civil War came about 
partly from political, partly from economical reasons, but the real 
cause was that every Northern child had been taught from its 
earliest awakening to the consciousness of right and wrong, from 
the pulpit, in the Sunday school, in his daily lesson, at his mother's 
knee, in history, song, and story, that the holding in bondage of 
the black men by the white was a great moral wrong. The sense 
of righting this great wrong carried the Rebellion to a successful 
issue. The political and economic factors in the struggle were but 
the pawns with which the Northern conscience played the game 
of blood and iron. 

Economically and socially Southern slavery, like its counterpart 
everywhere among men, was a survival of barbarism amid enlight- 
enment, a bit of the fourteenth century persisting to the nine- 
teenth; and like all antique things, it ill fitted its surroundings, 
l^he master suffered far greater and more lasting injury than the 
slave. No man at this date can succeed with manners, methods, 
and the moral and ethical standards of a medis-val baron. 

Slavery in Massachusetts was never the terrible man-destroying 


institution which existed in the South in 1860. The slave in the 
latter section was a thing, a chattel, not a person; and his rights 
as a person were consequently nil. 

This was a state of affairs utterly at variance with the spirit by 
which the Anglo-Saxon institutions had been controlled for fifty 

In Massachusetts, however, the marriages of slaves were pro- 
tected by the Legislature and the Courts. Slaves might hold prop- 
erty; they were admitted as witnesses even on capital trials of 
white persons and on suits of other slaves for freedom ; they might 
sue their masters for wounding or immoderately beating them, 
and indeed hardly differed from apprentices or other servants 
except in being bound for life. Before the Declaration of Inde- 
pendence they were usually taxed as property, always afterwards as 
persons. The General Court, in 1776, forbade the sale of two 
negroes taken as prizes of war on the high seas and brought into 
this state, and resolved that any negroes so taken and brought in. 
should not be allowed to be sold but should be treated like prison- 

However tardy this land of ours may have been in ending the 
ownership of human beings within her own borders, as early as 
1814 she joined England in suppressing the slave trade else- 

In the Treaty of 1814 between Great Britain and the United 
States, Article X reads, "Whereas the traffic in slaves is irrecon- 
cilable with the principles of humanity and justice, and Avhereas 
both his Majesty and the United States are desirous of continuing 
their efforts to pr-omote its entire abolition, it is hereby agreed that 
both the contracting parties shall use their best endeavors to ac- 
complish so desirable an object." 

In 1842 the Webster-Ashburton Treaty contained a provision 
whereby each country agreed to send to the Coast of Africa a naval 
squadron of not less than eighty guns to suppress the slave trade. 
This Treaty was signed by Daniel Webster for the United States 
and Lord Ashburton for Great Britain. Hon. Albert Smith, a 
Hanover man, was influentially concerned in its making. 

Today the ownership of one human being by another, as his 
slave, is practically unknown over nearly the entire surface of the 
globe, although conditions approaching it in some particulars, and 
in some sections, still exist. It is, however, obliged to hide its 
head under other names than slavery. Its actual decay is evident, 
and its ultimate death is almost at hand. 

support of poor. ist 

Support of the Poor. 
By Jedediah Dwelley. 

Very early in the history of the Plymouth Colony action was 
taken for the care of the poor, and as early as Sept. 27, 1642, the 
following vote was passed by the Court held that day at Plymouth •. 
— "That every Towneship shall make competent provision for thu 
mayntenance of their poore according as they shall fynd most con- 
venyent and sutable for themselves by an order and general I agree- 
ment in a publike Towne Meeting." 

Other votes of a like nature were passed at different times and 
"at a Court of Election hoi den att Plymouth, for the Jurisdiction 
of New Plymouth, the sixt of June 1682"' it was ordered as fol- 
lows, viz. : — "That the poor may be provided for as necessity re- 
quireth, this Court ordered that the Celectmen in each towne shall 
take care and see that the poor in their respective towns be pro- 
vided for, and are heareby impowered to releive and provide for 
them, according as nessesitie in theire descretion doth require and 
the towne shall defray the charge thereof." 

For nearly a century after the incorporation of the town, the 
Selectmen had general oversight of poor persons therein. The 
number was not large. Economy and plain living were common 
to all, and only dire necessity prompted a call for relief. A copy 
of a few of the votes passed at the town meetings during this 
period may be interesting : — 

Nov., 1735. "Voted £15 to Benjamin AVoodworth for bringing 
up John Loud's daughter to the age of eighteen years, and £24 
for bringing up said Loud's youngest son to the age of twenty one 

Oct. 29, 1736. "Voted to Widow Frances Josselyn £5 (old tenor) 
to keep Jean Barrow from Nov. 18, 1746, to Nov. 18, 1747." 

In 1745. "Voted that Capt. Ezekiel Cushing take £55 (old 
tenor) out of the flat money in his hands and pay to Dr. Isaac 
Otis Jr for his doctoring and curing Lemuel Jones." 

In 1749. Amos Sylvester was voted a sum of money for caring 
for a squaw in her sickness. 

In 1750. "Voted to pay Nathaniel Joselyn money for keeping 
Jane Barron two weeks and for a "gound" and apron for her." 

In 1751. "Voted to pay Nathaniel Gill for taking care of Sarah 
Joshua, an Indian woman, and for her funeral." 

In 1755. "Voted for Margaret Fitzgerald eight shillings for 
keeping Jane Barron two weeks and mending her clothes," 


''Voted to Thomas Eose £1 2s. lOd., for shoes and making a 
'^"gound" for Jane Barron." 

In 1758. "Voted to Joseph Bates £4 12s. for keeping John 
Woodworth twenty six weeks." 

In 1762. ''Voted John Bailey Jr. four shillings which he paid 
Edward Winslow, Esq., for recording people warned out of town." 

In 1763. "Voted money for recording persons warned out of 

In 1770. "Voted to Robert Lenthal Eells £1 12s. for a "gound 
and pettecote" for Lucretia Gilkie." 

This Lucretia Gilkie case was an expensive one for many years, 
and the question of the liability of the town caused embarrassment, 
as in 1771 it was "voted to Joseph Jossel)^! twelve shillings for 
fees paid Eobert Treat Paine in the Lucretia Gilkie case." The 
Church record has this entry: "June 26, 1797, Lucretia Gilkie, 
drowned herself. Insane." 

In 1786 it was voted to pay Melzar Curtis' account for mending 
Hannah Ford's shoes. 

Oct. 1796. At this time the Selectmen were "instructed to care 
for the poor under their care and to call on the treasurer for money 
as they shall want it." 

ISTear the beginning of the nineteenth century, the number of 
the poor had so increased that it was voted, in 1814, to raise one 
hundred and ten dollars, to purchase Mary Peterson's house and 
land for a poorhouse and the purchase was made; but for some 
reason in 1816 the property was sold. This Mary Peterson prop- 
-erty is the same which is now owned and occupied by Charles G. 
Perry as a residence. 

In 1817, it was voted that the overseers of the poor put out town 
paupers as they see fit. For two or three years previous to this, 
they were all kept by one person. In 1823, a committee consisting 
of Lemuel Dwelley, Joshua Mann, Stephen Jacobs, Melzar Curtis, 
Barker Ramsdell, Jolm B. Barstow, and Amos Bates, were chosen 
to take into consideration the subject of a poorhouse. At a meet- 
ing held in May, 1825, the town voted "To empower the Selectmen 
and Overseers of the Poor to cause Mr. Isaac Perry, Benchar Clark, 
Eliza Wood and Cuffe Josselyn to be boarded where they thinlc 

About 1827, a system of putting out the poor at auction to 
the lowest bidder was adopted. Tlie auction, which was a public 
affair, was held at the meeting house at the Center. This system 
proved unsatisfactory to the town and was continued but a few 


years. It was a barbarous custom but was quite common at tlii* 
time in Massachusetts. 

In 1836, the town voted to establish a poorhouse. A committee^ 
consisting of Ebenezer Simmons, Turner Stetson, Benjamin Mann, 
Levi Curtis and William Morse, was chosen to '"make choice of a 
suitable farm," and the Nathaniel Jacobs place, situated on the 
west side of Washington street, at Assinippi, was purchased. This 
the first almshouse, is still standing, — a building nearly, if not 
quite, one hundred and seventy five years old. Forty years later, 
in 1875, the town purchased of tlie heirs of Benjamin Bailey the 
present almshouse farm, situated on the corner of Main and Cedar 
streets. The present buildings were first occupied by the poor,. 
June 1, 1876. 

The method of caring for the poor has been, on the wlioie,. 
creditable to the humanity and liberality of the town. 

Previous to 1800, the amount expended annually for the sup- 
port of the poor was less than two hundred dollars. In 1850, the 
expense to the town for their support was less than five hundred 
dollars; since which date the town has published its report of ex- 

As an item of interest we copy the following bill paid by the' 
town in 1825. 

Isaac Perry was a ship builder in his active life, and died aged 

Sarah Dillingham was tlic wife of Henry Dillingham, a soldier- 
in the revolution. 

"Town of Hanover to Gideon Studley, Dr. 

1825 To a coffin for Isaac Perry $2.50 

To a coffin for Sarah Dillingham 2.50 

To opening grave for Sarah Dillingham 2.50 

To a horse and going with the hearse for both 

the above persons 2.00 


Aged Persons. 

By Jedediah Dwelley. 

The following named persons died in PTanover after reaching 
the age of eighty five years. As careful a compilation as possible, 
has been made, althougli doubtless tlie list is incomplete. 



If the hoary head is a crown of glory there need be no apology 

for this presentation. 

1901 Hannah 0. Aiken 86 1889 

1731 Mary Bryant "of a great 1891 

age" ' 1891 

1774 Thomas Barden 86 1894 

1786 Dick, negro-man of Col. 1895 

Bailey 90 1899 

1795 Cuba, negro-woman of 1900 

Dean Brooks 85 1904 

1801 Dea. Samuel Barstow. . .93 1776 

1816 Joseph Bates 88 1789 

1821 Euth Bailey 91 1794 

1826 Lt. Samuel Barstow. . .9"^ 1794 

1829 Elisha Barrell 93 1797 

1829 Samuel Brooks 87 1848 

1830 Elizabeth Brooks 89 1849 

1830 Euth Bates 92 1852 

1831 Abigail Bailey 86 1852 

1831 Mary Barrell 95 1865 

1831 George Bailey 91 1799 

1839 Capt. Clement Bates ..85 1799 

1842 Capt. Daniel Barstow ..97 1811 

1848 Martha Bates 87 1812 

1851 Sarah E. Barstow 92 1876 

1851 Betsey Barstow 91 1881 

1853 Benjamin Bates 92 1895 

1854 Col. John Burding Bar- 1895 
stow 90 1906 

1857 Anne Brooks 86 1831 

1857 Anna Brett 85 1881 

1861 Daniel Barstow 86 1882 

1863 Nabby Barker 92 1887 

1865 Fannie Baldwin 85 1893 

1865 Mary Burr 91 1893 

1866 Euth Bates 88 1902 

1867 Elisha Bass 85 1903 

1869 Joseph Brooks 88 1903 

1874 Zadook Beal 86 1774 

1885 Nathaniel Barstow 85 1810 

1889 Mehitable Brooks 91 1823 

1889 Hira Bates 92 1831 

Joseph Brown 87 

Joshua Bates 89 

Lucy D. Bates 95 

David Benham 85 

Euth Brooks 88 

Thos. M. Bates 85 

Harvey Bates 88 

Mary E. Bishop 87 

Experience Curtis ....96 

Abigail Clark 85 

Sarah Church 91 

Samuel Curtis 86 

Mary Curtis 86 

Experience Curtis 87 

Eeuben Curtis 86 

John Curtis 90 

Lydia Curtis 94 

Sarah Curtis 88 

Abigail Curtis 90 

John Curtis 90 

John Chapman 105 

Capt. Joseph Chaddock 88 

Sarah E. Curtis 88 

Christiana Clark 90 

Martin Church 90 

Hiram Curtis 85 

Eveline Cushing 89 

Avis Dwelley 90 

Nathan Dane 87 

Nathan Dwelley 85 

Lydia Darling 90 

Mary Dwelley 89 

Sarah J. Dwelley 87 

William Dennis 89 

John Damon 89 

Martha A. Damon 89 

Matthew Estes 85 

Mordecia Ellis 93 

Beulah Estes 88 

Euth Eells 94 



1S46 Zacheus Estes So 1846 

1850 Priscilla Ellis !)G 1851 

186-1 Richard Estes 88 1867 

1882 Zaccheus Estes 9S 1888 

1883 Mary Estes 88 1893 

1906 Mary T. Eells 87 1837 

1753 Margaret Frank 96 1900 

1798 Hannah Ford 88 1836 

1871 Grace Foster 87 1748 

1897 Eosamond FostiT S6 1788 

1875 Hannah Gardner SQ 1814 

1879 Eebecca Grose 89 

1893 Andrew Green 85 1822 

1900 Ellen Goodrich 86 1824 

1787 Sarah Hatch 86 1825 

1796 David House 87 1825 

1798 Hannah Ford 88 1857 

1808 Mary Hifford 92 1865 

1811 Abigail Hanmer 93 1879 

1824 Bathshua Hatch 85 1887 

1828 Orpha Hatch 85 1898 

1858 Sibyl Hatch 88 1899 

1868 John Hatch 92 1900 

1888 Eliza -Holbrook 86 1773 

1899 Catharine Haley 85 1788 

1905 Nancy N. Hall 90 1805 

1729 Henry Josselyji 90 1807 

1787 Joseph Josselyn 88 1807 

1831 Cuffee Josselyn 103 1808 

1877 Hannah R. Jacobs 94 

1880 Oren Josselyn 86 1812 

1890 Eliza Josselyn 88 1829 

1900 Ira Josselyn 86 1833 

1886 John Kane 85 1865 

1871 Lewis Litchfield 87 1867 

1881 Betsey Litchfield 85 1743 

1884 Eunice T. Leavitt 85 1773 

1797 Widow Magoim 90 

1801 Alice Mann 88 1775 

1802 Ellise Mann 88 1842 

1815 Mary Munro 91 1843 

1816 Benjamin Mann 89 1849 

Patience Mann 85 

Slmbel Munroe 90 

Betsey Mann 91 

David Mann 89 

Mary H. Magoun 88 

Lydia Monro 88 

Lydia Merrill 87 

Abigail Neal 88 

Elnathan Palmer 86 

Ezekiel Palmer 87 

Peg Peters, negro-woman 

Bethiah Perry 89 

Relief Perry 85 

Dea. Isaac Perry 89 

Margaret Prouty 87 

Asa Poole 93 

Abigail Phillips 86 

Sylvanus Percival 85 

Samuel Perry 88 

Charles Palmer 85 

Edward Y. Perry 86 

Catherine H. T. Phillips 92 

Sarah Eamsdell 91 

Joseph Eamsdell 86 

Caleb Rogers 88 

Luoy Eamsdell 89 

Hannah Eobbins 86 

Rhoda Rose, negro-wom- 
an 90 

aiary Rogers 96 

Capt. Timothy Rose ... 86 

Caleb Rogers 85 

Abigail Phillips 86 

Reuben Rogers 87 

Robert Stetson 90 

Dea. Joseph Stock- 
bridge 100 

Elijah Stetson 89 

Japhet Stud ley 85 

David Stockbridge .... 88 
Belchor Sylvester 85 



1859 Samuel Stetson 87 1803 

1865 Hannah Stetson 89 1805 

1788 Hannah Stockbridge ....95 1815 

1790 Capt. Joseph Soper 87 1848 

1795 Mary Stetson 90 1852 

1796 Benjamin Sylvester 87 1862 

1797 Mary Studley 90 1865 

1798 Michael Silvester 85 1866 

1807 Joshua Simmons 88 1870 

1811 Molly Silvester 86 1879 

1824 Nathaniel Stetson 89 1882 

1825 Jabez Studley 86 1888 

1826 Rachel Studley 92 1893 

1832 Rosamond Studley 92 1905 

1839 Ruth Stockbridge 85 1761 

1840 Elizabeth Sylvester ....85 1813 

1841 William Stockbridge ...88 1814 
1868 Jabez Studley 91 1820 

1872 Japhet Studley 85 1823 

1873 David Studley 90 1824 

1873 Lucy Studley 99 1826 

1880 Melzar Sprague 86 1831 

1883 Welthea Stetson 86 1834 

1885 Lucy T. Sylvester 85 1839 

1886 Hannah M. Sylvester ..88 1841 
1890 Bethia Simmons 93 1841 

1890 Charlotte C. Smith ... .86 1848 

1891 Eliza Salmond 89 1849 

1891 Lucy Smith 87 1851 

1892 Michael Sylvester 89 1851 

1895 George Studley 87 1867 

1899 Robert Sylvester 93 1876 

1902 Frances H. Soule 95 1891 

1904 Ruth B. Stetson 86 1899 

1905 Benjamin Stetson 91 1905 

1744 Widow Turner 86 

John Torrey 88 

Ruth Turner 86 

Waitstill Turner 93 

Lidia Tilden 88 

Benjamin Tolmau 92 

Rebecca Tolman 92 

Ezekiel Turner 88 

Lucy Tubbs 89 

Lucinda Turner 88 

Polly Tribou 88 

Deborah Turner 92 

Mary Tubbs 87 

Sarah B. Thomas 92 

Jane S. Tobey 85 

Joanna Wing 100 

Lydia Wright i;4 

Hannah White 94 

Isaiah Wing 89 

Mary Wing 86 

Freelove Witherel 86 

Mary Whiting 95 

Ruth Wing 86 

Hannah Wing 95 

Benjamin White 88 

Cornelius White 86 

Mary White 86 

Caleb Whiting 87 

Molly Whiting 94 

Priscilla Whiting 89 

Tryphuna Whiting .... 89 

Ruth Wilder 88 

Oliver Winslow 88 

Charles Winslow 88 

Harriet H. Winslow ... 94 
Margaret L. Winslow ..96 



Mills, Maxufactukks and Industries. 

Bij Jedediah Dwelley. 

About 1730, Joshua Jacobs and his brother, Dr. Joseph Jacobs, 
built a dam across the Third Herring brook at Assinippi. Tliese 
men are the progenitors of the present owners of the saw and grist- 
mill which was then erected upon that dam. The property has 
remained in this one family for one hundred and seventy-five years. 
It originally consisted of a gristmill on the westerly flume, and a 
sawmill for long logs on the easterly flume. The addition of a 
mill for sawing boxboards was made about thirty years ago. The 
gristmill has fallen into decay and is no longer used, the general 
use of western grain having changed the methods of business. The 
mill is now owned by Dr. Henry Barton Jacobs of Baltimore, 
Maryland. The pond which the dam has created is a beautiful 
sheet of water, and with its wooded island adds much to the natural 
scenery of Assinippi village. 

Next below Jacobs mill on the same stream, distant about one 
mile south, is the mill of John Clapp. Its dam has but one flume 
and a wasteway. It was built for a sawmill, and has always been 
used as such. Alonzo Henderson used its power for two or three 
seasons to run his machinery for winding evergreen, an industry 
which Mr. Henderson started in town, and for which he invented 
his own machinery. 

A few rods below tliis mill is the Curtis privilege, now known as 
Church's mill from its present owner, Mr. Samuel H. Church. 
This is in an excellent state of preservation, is in annual use, and 
the gristmill is still used weekly, it being the only one of its 
kind within a radius of ten or twelve miles. 

The sawmill liere was built in 1688, probably by Benjamin 
Curtis, and later a gristmill was erected. The property was 
owned ''in part, by Constant Clap and the Curtis family" (Deane). 
The mills passed, early in the nineteenth century, into the hands 


of Thomas J. Gardner, who married the daughter of Capt. Edward 
Curtis, a direct descendant of William Curtis, the father of Ben- 
jamin, who built this mill. Mr. Church married the daughter of 
Mr. Gardner. 

As we proceed south along the Third Herring brook, we pass 
through a wide extent of fresh marsh, now known as "Old Pond." 
This land was once covered by the waters of a pond raised by a dam 
erected, in 1656, by Cornet Eobert Stetson, Timothy Hatherly, 
and Joseph Tilden, for the purpose of running a sawmill. The 
pond was drained in 1676, after the burning of the mills by the 
Indians, and the land was then laid out in lots "unto the new pro- 
prietors of the towns or their successors" (Deane) according to the 
vote of the town of Scituatc in 1673. In 1837, Capt. Samuel Tol- 
man erected a dain and built a tackshop thereon, just below the old 
Cornet Stetson mill on the other side (the soutlierly) of East 
street. The pond was small and was used by the builder and his 
sons, Samuel, Jr., and James T., for manufacturing tacks. Capt. 
Tolman (called Col. by Briggs) built also a box board and shingle- 
mill on the Hanover side of the stream. The tackshop was used 
by Mr. Henderson for one or two seasons, but the dam and all the 
buildings have now (1905) gone to decay. 

Next below this is the sawmill of Charles Simmons & Sons, which 
has been built but a few years. Briggs says it was used, twenty- 
five or thirty years ago, by Pratt & Lapham. 

Still further below lies Tiffany mill, now used by the successors 
of Samuel Salmond & Sons for a tack manufactory. The pond 
takes its name from Eecompense Tiffany, who owned it at one time. 
In 1673 the to^vn of Scituate, through its committee on lands, 
offered "30 acres of land to any person, who, within six months, 
should erect a gristmill on the Third Herring brook and engage to 
tend the mill for 14 years." (Deane.) This offer was accepted by 
Charles Stockbridge and, about 1677, he erected a corn and grist- 
mill below the present Tiffany mill. The remains of the old 
dam are still visible. About 1697, Mr. Stockbridge removed his 
machinery to a new mill, which stood near the factory of Samuel 
Salmond & Son. Charles and Thomas, sons of Charles Stock- 
bridge, inherited this mill and, in 1692, Thomas sold one-half to 
John Bryant and Samuel Stetson, (according to Briggs) and in 
1728 Thomas's son, Thomas, sold one quarter of the sawmill to 
Jonah Stetson, (Samuel Stetson, having sold one-quarter of the 


corn-mill to Jonali Stetson, in 1726), and the property came to 
be known as Jonah's milL Recompense Tiffan}', a son-in-law of 
the second Charles Stockbridge, was for a time the owTier of this 
mill, and it was for a long time called the Tiffany mill. Until 
1850 or later, this mill served the public in grinding the grain 
which the farmers produced. 

In 1830, tackworks were erected here by Capt. Zephaniah Talbot 
and John and William Salmond, brothers of Samuel Salmond, In 
1838, Samuel Salmond, who had spent his life up to that time in 
Maine, in the South and in Cuba, settled permanently in Hanover 
and engaged in the tack business in this place. He then employed 
15 male and 5 female hands, and used 20 or 25 machines, consum- 
ing about 60 tons of tack-plate per year. In May, 1859, his son- 
in-law, Edmund Q. Sylvester, became a member of the firm of 
Samuel Salmond & Son. A month later, Mr. Salmond died and 
Mr. Sylvester carried on the business until his death, in 1898, since 
which date the business has been conducted by two of his sons, 
Joseph S. and Albert L., under the same firm-name. Their 
product is known all over the world, and is in steady demand, 
especially among upholsterers. 

The mill on Pleasant street, near the West Hanover depot, is 
now owned and was, until recently, used by I/ot Phillips & Co., as a 
sawmill. It is called "Elihab's mill," from having been owned at 
one time by Elihab (or Eliab) Studley. 

In January, 1724, Nehemiah Cushing owned this privilege, there 
then being a sawmill thereon and Nehemiah, in a deed of that date, 
speaks of it as the property he had of his father. How long the 
mill had been built is uncertain but, probably, not more than ten 

In 1728, Nehemiah sold mill and privilege to Edward Estes and, 
from that date until 1790, it was owned by several different persons 
among whom were Edward Estes, Richard Estes, Luther Bailey, 
Joseph Curtis, and Marlboro Turner. It was known for a long 
time as the Curtis mill. In 1791, Eliab Studley became part 
owner of the property, and there was then a gristmill as well as a 
sawmill thereon. Besides sawing boards and grinding grain, one 
of the mills was used for a time for making boxes and buckets. 
Eliab Studley and his family owned the mill for a long time, and 
for a century it was known as the "Elihab mill." In 1850, it was 
occupied by Nahum Stetson for sawing shingles. It is now and 
for a long time has been owned and occupied by Lot Phillips & Co. 


in connection with their box-making business, principally for saw- 
ing lumber. 

This privilege has never been operative in the summer time as 
the right of flowage has been limited to a period beginning in 
October and ending in April. The limit of flowage has been at 
a point just west of the end of Cedar street as, if the dam is raised 
above a certain height, the water flows across Whiting street into 
the brook east of it. A deed from Seth Curtis to Joseph Curtis, 
dated 1778, speaks of a gristmill near Eliab Studley's, Jr., and we 
assume that it relates to this privilege, and that for a time there 
was a gristmill here. 

The old mill spoken of as Drinlavater mill, stood on Circuit 
street, perhaps two hundred feet west thereof, opposite the house 
of Daniel J. Head, the dam being plainly visible. It is certain 
that there was a mill here in 1694, and that it was standing in 1730. 

This mill stood on land which was granted to Cornet Eobert 
Stetson by the Colony Court. Previous to 1694, Mr. Stetson 
sold the east end of the aforesaid grant to Edward Wanton, Eobert 
Orchard, John Eodgers, Thomas Macomber, Timothy White and 
Joseph House. This grant was a mile in length on the west side, 
and bordered on what was then known as the Scituate line, extend- 
ing from near the West Hanover station to a point near the stream 
just north of the house of Mrs. Saba D. Church. The proprietors 
aforesaid divided this land by two deeds, one dated 1696, the other 
1704. In neither of these divisions was the mill and a narrow 
strip of land included, although the mill was referred to therein. 
We have been uinable to find a record of the deed from Cornet 
Stetson to the persons named, but it must have been after 1676,. 
as on that date some of the persons named were not twenty-one 
years of age. 

Was this mill constructed by Cornet Stetson and when? We 
have found no evidence except that in a deed from Joseph Stetson 
to James Hatch, dated 1717, recorded Book 2, Page 172, of a 
parcel of land east of the Drinkwater mill, one of the boundaries 
is described "as the brook that comes from Cornet Stetson's mill." 
At that date it must have been known as Cornet Stetson's mill, and 
so much is offered in favor of its construction by him. If it was 
not constructed by him, then the conclusion is that it was con- 
structed by the aforesaid partners, after their purchase. In 1704, 
Timothy White made his will, and therein gave to his "well beloved 
wife all the income of my part of a sawmill at Drinkwater, during 
her natural life," and after her to his son Timothy White. 

■rilF, OIJ) h'OltOK <)\ KING STRKKT (ISCO) 



The evidence that tlie mill was standing in 17l'0, is contained in 
a deed of the house lot now owned by Mrs. Mary T. Briggs, and oc- 
cupied by herself and her son, Charles W. Briggs. This deed 
gives, as the southerly boundary of the premises, the northerly 
side of the sawmill pond. The pond formed by this mill must 
have covered a great many acres, extending, as will be seen by this 
deed, and by known levels, for nearly two miles in length, and 
doubtless gave to a tract of land the name of "Pine Island," as this 
flowage must have surrounded that tract. Doubtless it was a 
winter privilege only. 

We have given this detailed statement regarding this mill, partly 
because of its early importance and partly on account of the names 
of the original owners. Eobert Stetson, Edward Wanton, Timothy 
White and Joseph House were pioneers, and their names should 
not be forgotten. 

How did these lands come to be known as the Drink water lands 
and the stream, the Drinkwater river; and the road from 
Washington street to these lands, as the Drinkwater road? Barry 
gives a tradition that, when the mill was erected, cold water, in- 
stead of spirituous liquors, was furnished as a beverage, and this 
gave rise to the term "Drink Water." This is a pleasant solution, 
until a better one is furnished. 

Barry also gives as tradition that the first mill here was 
burned by the Indians in 1676. So far as is known to the writer, 
there is no other evidence. This mill stood near the border line of 
Bridgewater and Scituate. Neither Deane nor Mitchell speaks 
of this burning, though both were very careful and painstaking in 
their descriptions of the buildings destroyed. 

As the Indians, in their raid of 1676, came through Ilingham 
and entered the town of Hanover at Assinippi, following Washing- 
ton street, going down East street, destroying Cornet Stetson's mill 
on tlie Third Herring brook, — then onward to the Four Corners 
and so down through Scituate to Green bush, it hardly seems prob- 
able that they could have been at any time in the vicinity of this 
Drinkwater mill. Query: Was this mill constructed as early 
as 1676? Mr. Jolm F. Simmons, in his life time clung to the 
tradition and believed tluit the Indians separated at Hanover, a 
part going to West Hanover. His reason will be found in another 

Barry says that about the year 1710, the Drinkwater Iron Works 
was erected and that the cai'lv historv of the same is involved in 


some obscurity. The writer regrets that he cannot lift the veil. 

In 1710, the land on the south side of this stream was owned 
by Joseph Barstow. He sold it to Samuel Thaxter, in 1713^ 
(Plymouth Deeds, Book 34, Page 171), and Thaxter conveyed it 
to Joseph Stockbridge in 1726. 

Cornet Stetson was the first owner of the land on the north 
side of this stream and, before 1713, probably before 1700, it came 
into the possession of Edward Wanton. 

August 2, 1713, Edward Wanton sold this land to James Barker 
and, in 1722, the executors of the will of said Barker sold the same 
to Jeremiah Hatch. Eobert Barker, the father of James, was at 
this time living on the land near the stream. In this deed they 
"except the Furnace and Sawmill for the owners and, for the 
use of the Furnace, all the land and the privilege of the ways that 
is conveyed by one deed under the hands and seals of Eobert Barker^ 
Daniel Allen, Caleb Barker, and Hannah Barker," dated August 
10, 1719. 

The Barkers were founders, and to the writer it seems reason- 
ably clear that they must have been the pioneers. Edward Wanton 
was of course a very busy, enterprising man and his activities seem 
to have been tireless ; but he does not anywhere appear as a founder. 

The WeeMy Advertiser for January 15, 1754, has this advertise- 
ment: "Caleb and Eobert Barker in Hanover: Cast bells for 
Meeting Houses and other uses, from a smaller to a greater, even 
to one of two thousand weight; cheaper than they can be imported : 
By whom all persons may be supplied on reasonable terms." 

The name of "Mighill" does not anywhere appear on the records 
of our town, nor do the records of deeds show that he ever owned 
land within the borders of the present town of Hanover. But, as 
early as 1685, Charles Stockbridge conveyed to Thomas Mighill and 
N'athaniel Church a cornmill in Plymouth, which said Stockbridge 
had erected in 1683, by authority of the town, and this is the only 
record or reference the writer has found where the name of Mighill 
lias been connected with mills of any kind. The conveyance from 
the town of Plymouth to Charles Stockbridge, as well as that from 
Stockbridge to Mighill, are both on record at Plymouth. See 
sixth book of Colony Court Orders, Page 95. 

Tbe tradition as to Mighill is found in Deane's History of Scit- 
uate, Page 195, where he says "There was a Mr. Mighill who erected 
Iron Works at Drinkwater about 1710, and o^vned a considerable 
tract of land in that vicinity." But, as stated above, there is 
no evidence on the records that he ever owned land in Hanover, and 


the records are clear as to ownership of land on the borders of this 

In March, 1701-2, Francis Barker, Robert Barker, Samuel 
Barker, Joshua Barker, Josiah Barker, Robert Barker, Jr., and 
Michael Wanton, were connected with Lambert Despard in the 
construction of a blast furnace in Pembroke (Briggs, page 2). 
Before 1715, at least two of these Barkers, and probably Michael 
Wanton, were in the immediate vicinity of the Drinkwater Iron 

Quoting again from Briggs' History of Shipbuilding, page 2-1. 
"These works have had many proprietors, and tradition says again 
that, during the Revolution, cannon were cast here and carried 
down to the old fulling-mill near the iron foundry and tested and 
that Tilson Gould was killed by the bursting of one of these guns, 
the pieces of which are said to be still lying in the bottom of the 
old furnace pond." Mr. George J. J. Clarke, who is president of the 
National Fireworks Company, has in his possession cannon balls 
which he has found on these premises, and pieces of an exploded 
cannon — quite likely the one referred to in connection with Tilson 
Gould. Mr. Clarke says that these cannon balls were not moulded 
but were wrought or hammered into shape. Tilson Gould married 
Mary Hatch in 1776, and a son Tilson, was born in 1778. 

And again quoting, "About the year 1816, Charles and Orrin 
Jossel}Ti, Timothy Rose, Calvin Bates, and others, erected a forge 
on this dam. Beside the forge, there were a gristmill, a sawmill, 
a box-board mill, and a shingle-mill, all owned by the same com- 
pany. Messrs. Bates and Holmes finally came into sole possession 
of these works and usually employed five hands in the forge, 
making bar-iron and from fifty to sixty tons of anchors annually. 
Edwin Barstow was the last anchor-maker in town, and the last 
anchors manufactured in town, only a few years ago, were made 
here under his supervision." 

After Mr. Barstow's death, Charles T. Stetson purchased the 
property and, until his own death, he occupied the establishment as 
a Machine-manufacturing shop, and for making covering for elec- 
tric wires, etc. 

After the death of Mr. Stetson, George J. J. Clarke purchased 
the property, using the forge for the manufacture of fireworks. He 
had occupied it but a few years, however, when the building was 
destroyed by fire. He then associated himself with Mr. W. A. 
Luce of Boston, and they began erecting one-story, metal-clad, 
delin-hed buildings, some of them being one hundred feet in length. 


There are now more than one hundred of these buildings, many of 
them small, scattered over several acres of ground. The business 
is conducted under the name of the National Fireworks Company, 
Mr. Clarke being the president. The output is very large. While 
explosions have been rare, yet two valuable lives have been lost in 
this way. The damage to the property has, however, been slight. 

On this stream, quite a distance east of King street, and on the 
premises occupied by the Fireworks Company, there was, early in 
the history of the town, a fulling-mill, and later a foundry, and 
later still, for a short time, a small tack-factory operated by Barstow 
and Eussell; and, about 1830, Joshua Barker erected an iron- 
foundry here, at which stoves and hollow ware were cast. 

Brief reference will be made to Hatch's mill in Hanson, near 
Teague's bridge, so-called, formerly Hatch's bridge. 

This mill stood, when constructed in 1716, on land then in Ab- 
ington, and which, on the incorporation of Hanover, was included 
in the territory of the latter town. While the proprietors in their 
agreement speak of a sawmill they are building in Scituate upon 
Drinkwater river, near where the line between Scituate and Abing- 
ton crosses this river, the writer believes that they were mistaken 
as to just where the line did cross the river. The mill was several 
rods west of the Scituate line. It was constructed by James 
Hatch, Amos Turner, Joseph Barstow, Samuel Barstow, Michael 
Wanton, and others, the persons named all being residents of terri- 
tory now included in Hanover. 

James Hatch was a member of the first Board of Selectmen of 
Hanover. He and his father Jeremiah owned a large tract of 
land in this vicinity, mostly north of Indian Head river, which 
was allotted to them by the town of Scituate. 

For nearly a century, this mill was used as a gristmill and saw- 
mill. In 1814, the old mills were torn down and a cotton factory 
erected, in which common cotton sheeting was woven. This bus- 
iness was prosperous for a while, but gradually decreased and but 
little was done after 1830. 

After this, for a short time, Ezra Phillips manufactured shoe- 
pegs in this factory and in 1852 it burned. Soon after the burn- 
ing, Elijah Cusliing erected a sawmill on the dam. 

Some twenty years or more ago, Ezra Phillips & Sons bought 
the privilege, using the same as a reservoir for their factory below, 
and in 1889 they erected a tack-factory on the site, which they have 


since used in connection with their larger business at Soutli Han- 
over. (Mr. Briggs will notice how liberally we have quoted). 

In 172U, the town ol" Seituate granted to Oapt. Josepli Barstow 
and Benjamin Stetson, two acres of land between Pine Hill and 
Eocky Eun for the erection of a ''forge and finery." Joseph 
Barstow had been part owner of the "old forge" at Ijuddens Ford. 

Before constructing the works, Mr. Barstow conveyed to Thomas 
Bardin one-half of his share and Mr. Stetson conve3^ed to Nehe- 
miah Gushing one-lialf of his share; and these four persons con- 
structed the works before 1735. 

The evidence of the facts stated will be found in a deed from 
Joseph Barstow to Thomas Bardin, dated 1725, and recorded with 
Plymouth Deeds, Book 20, Page 70; and also in a deed from 
Nehemiah Cushing to Thomas Bardin, dated 1728, and recorded 
with said deeds. Book 25, Page G8. 

We quote quite freely from this latter deed, which was a con- 
firmatory one, and was given to take the place of a previous one, 
which was destroyed by fire. In this deed, Nehemiah Cushing 
conveys to Thomas Bardin one-fourtli part of the new forge, land, 
and privilege. In this deed, he says that he had made a previous 
deed to ]\Ir. Bardin, but the deed was in the dwelling house stand- 
ing on the granted premises, "when the house with the deed therein 
was burned to ashes, the deed not having been recorded." He 
also, in this deed, recites the fact that the forge was constructed by 
himself, Joseph Barstow, Benjamin Stetson, and Thomas Bardin. 
Joseph Barstow had died previous to this time. 

Before 1730, Joseph Smith, Joseph Josselyn, and James Torrey, 
all of Hanover, seem to have each owned one-fourth part of this 

In 1730, Joseph Smith conveyed to I^lijali Cushing one-third 
of the new forge (Book 26, Page 33) and, the same year, James 
Torrey conveyed to said Elijah Cushing one-third part (Book 29, 
Page 30). Presumably these two deeds really conve3^ed but one- 
third of the property. 

In 1739, Elijah Cushing owned one-half of this property, and 
he conveyed the same to Benjamin Bagnell, (Plymouth Deeds, 
Book 43, Page 74). Very likely Benjamin Bagnell reconveyed 
this to Elijah Cushing. The writer believes that Elijah Cushing 
was an important factor in these works until 1757, when, on Octo- 
ber 8th of that year, he sold to Josiah Palmer of Hanover one- 
fourth of the new forge, coal-house, dam and stream, and, on 


October 38th of the same year, Mr. Gushing conveyed to Joseph 
Woodworth one-half of the gristmill and one-half of two acres of 
land to the forge belonging. Also one-fourth part of the c-oal- 
house, dam and stream to the forge and mill belonging. 

Very early, about the time the Iron Works were constructed, a 
corn-mill was erected on the Pembroke side of the stream, prob- 
ably by Isaac Buck, — and this mill was for a long time known as 
Buck's mill. 

It has seemed proper to be thus explicit, that the pioneers in 
this work may be recognized. 

Joseph Barstow and Benjamin Stetson were men prominent in 
the affairs of the town, as has been noted in another place. Mr. 
Barstow died in 1728, at which time he owned but one-fourth part 
of this forge. 

Nehemiah Gushing probably lived in Hanover, in that part 
which is now Hanson. He was an energetic man, and was early 
the owner of the Alihab mill. 

Thomas Bardin was doubtless an excellent workman. He 
came to this country in 1716 from Wales, aged 28 years, and died 
in 1774. In speaking of his death, the Boston Evening Post of 
1774 says that he "was the first that made bar-iron in New Eng- 
land." He resided on Broadway, in the house now owned and 
occupied by Mrs. Jane B. Eeed. He was for many years a Select- 
man of the town. From records of marriages we take the follow- 
ing: — Sarah Bardin married Benjamin Barstow in 1729; Mary 
Bardin married Michael Sylvester in 1739; and Sage Bardin mar- 
ried Nathaniel Sylvester in 1742. Doubtless these were the daugh.- 
ters of Thomas Bardin. 

Barry and Briggs both say that Joseph Barstow's son and his 
grandson conducted the forge until after the Eevolution. The 
writer believes that they could not have been the chief factors here 
between the years 1730 and 1760. Barry says, "As far back as the 
period of the Eevolution quite a business was done at this forge 
in the manufacture of cannon balls, the iron being melted at an 
ordinary forge fire." 

Briggs says that, in 1795, the property was sold to Eobert Sal- 
mond and others, and that he had associated with him, for a long 
time, Nathaniel Gushing and for a shorter time, Gharles Josselyn. 
It is certain that March 31, 1795, Joshua Barstow conveyed to 
Eobert Salmond one-third part of the forge and anchor shop, 
gristmill and privilege. 

Eobert Salmond & Sons were, in 1813, "making some large 


anchors for the Frigate that is building at Charlestown." Mr. 
Salmond died in 1829, aged 80 years. During the last few years 
of his life, Thomas Hobart of Abington was a part owner in the 
forge, there being also on the premises at that time a tack-factory 
and cornmill, the latter probably being the original Buck's mill. 

In 1828, Mr. Salmond sold his interest in the business to Mr. 
Hobart, and Mr. Hobart took into the firm John Sylvester, whO' 
had been employed there since 1825. At this time, they M'ere- 
manufacturing anchors, bar-iron and tacks. 

In 1837, this partnership terminated and Mr. Sylvester formed 
the Hanover Forge Company, which continued until 1853, when 
Edward Y. Perry, Ezra Phillips, and Martin W. Stetson formed a 
partnership under the firm-name of E. Y. Perry & Company, for 
the purpose of carrying on the tack business. 

The building in which Ezra Phillips & Sons now manufacture 
tacks is substantially the same as when it was or-ciipied by Mr. 
Sylvester as an anchor forge. 

Mr. Stetson retired from this business in 1856 or '57 and, in 
1874, Mr. Perry also retired and the business was continued under 
the name of Ezra Phillips & Sons, ( Calvin T. and Morrill A.) 

The firm-name hero remains unchanged, although Mr. Ezra 
Phillips and his son Calvin T. have been dead now for more than 
twenty years. The firm, as now organized, consists of jMorrill A. 
Phillips and Edward M. Sweeeny. 

A remarkable fact in relation to this establishment is that in 
all its history there has been but one fire, and that the one previous 
to 1728, when the small house which stood on the premises was 

Below the works last described, Jesse Reed erected, about 1812, 
a gristmill at the foot of a steep ledge, on the Hanson side of the- 
Indian Head river, at its junction with Pocky Run brook. 

This is a most picturesque spot. Mr. Calvin T. Phillips in liis 
life time purchased the grounds bordering the Indian Head river 
here, in order that their natural beauty might not be destroyed, and 
his family now own them. 

For power, Mr. Reed first erected a dam at considerable expense, 
a short distance above the mouth of Rocky Run brook; but this 
proved defective, and he then erected one farther up the stream, 
near the house of James H. Dwelley and constructed a wooden 
trough, a quarter of a mile in length, leading to his mill; tlie water 
being delivered througli the roof of the building. Evidenc-es of 


the location of this trough are still visible. A cable led from the 
mill to the pond and, by working this at the mill, he could lift 
the gate at the pond and let on the water, or lower the gate and 
shut off the water. 

This mill was not in service for a great while, and later, he 
constructed a dam across the Indian Head river a few rods above 
the gristmill aforesaid, and here he erected a tack and nail factory. 
This dam is still visible and tacks and other evidences of his work 
can be gathered here. About the same time, he constructed a dam 
in Hanover, near Indian Head river, over the brook which flows 
across Broadway, a few rods east of the South Hanover railroad 
station. This formed a small pond, but for what purpose it was 
used the writer does not know. 

Before coming to Hanover, Mr. Eeed invented or greatly im- 
proved the original taek and nail machine which was patented in 
1803. This machine made the nails from rods. The next plan 
was to roll the iron to a suitable thickness, slit it into strips of 
the right size for the body of the nail, and flatten the point. The 
third step was for the construction of a machine for cutting and 
heading at one operation. On this machine a patent was obtained, 
•but it was soon laid aside. A heading-machine was next con- 
structed, into which, after the nails were cut, they were fed by 
hand, but this was also laid aside. 

While in Hanover, he perfected his Eeed machine for making 
tacks, and he here put the same into operation. These machines 
have all the elements of tlie modern machines Mdiich are in use, 
wherever tacks are made. 

Mr. Reed's inventions were not confined to nail and tack ma- 
chines. His mechanical genius is still recgonized. 

Financially, Mr. Eeed's operations in Hanover were not success- 
ful, but his work was for mankind and doubtless he was satisfied. 
He resided in our town for ten years, perhaps, when he removed to 
Marslifield. It is said that he sold his patent for cutting nails for 
$20,000. He was born in North Bridgewater in 1778, and died 
in Marshfield, March 22, 1867. He married Louisa Lindsay at 
Marshfield in 1851. At this time. Col. Eeed was 72 years of age, 
and his wife 29 years old. By this marriage there were three 
children : Mary L., born August 9, 1853 ; Jesse, Jr., born August 
18, 1855, died August 29, 1855; Jesse E., born January 17, 1857. 
(By his first wife, Hannah Howard, he had eleven children: Eliza- 
beth, Hannali H., Horatio G., Simeon E., Thomas, Harriet W., 
Mary, Ann IM.. Eoxanna, George W., and Jesse, who died young). 




As we descend Indian Head river, we reach Project Dale, the 
most beautiful bit of natural scenery in town. The river runs 
between the hills, which clothed with forest \o the water's edge,. 
shut in a most romantic spot. 

Here is now located the tack works of K. C. Waterman. Tlie 
following is ottered in evidence that this privilege became opera- 
tive about 172G: — 

In 1726, Nathaniel Josselyn sold to Joseph Smith one half acre 
of land, partly in Scituate (now Hanover) and partly in Pem- 
broke, on both sides of Indian Head river, wuth the dam already 
constructed thereon, and Smith was granted full liberty to build 
and ever improve a fulling mill thereon and use the water, as oc- 
casion may require; Josselyn reserving the right to erect a grist- 
mill for his own use or any other mill, not to hurt the fulling-mill, 
which latter mill was to have the right to use the water every 
Wednesday forever — On other days, when tlie water should be- 
scarce, Josselyn was to have the first right; when the water was 
plenty, both mills were to use it. 

In 1728, Frances Josselyn, administratrix of the estate of Na- 
thaniel Josselyn, sold to Joseph Smith and James Torrey four 
acres of land with the dwelling house thereon, with one-third part 
of a dam and all the timber already gotten for a gristmill, lying 
on Indian Head river. 

In 1730, Joseph Smith of Hanover conveyed to James Torrey 
of Hanover four acres of land in Hanover, with a dwelling-house, 
shop, fulling-mill and mill-house with a dyeing-copper therein, 
and all otlier tools belonging to said mill, for carrying on the 
clothing and fulling trade. 

About 1737, Thomas Josselyn came into possession of the prop- 

We have no means of knowing to what extent or for how long- 
a time the fulling or clothing-mill was operated, but the commill 
did useful service as late certainly as 1856; as, in a deed of the 
property of that date signed by Bethia Mann and Nancy Hall, 
daughters of Nathaniel Curtis, the commill, as well as the tack- 
factory, was described. This commill was know at different 
times as Josselyn's mill and Curtis's mill. 

Space forbids the enumeration of the different owners here; but 
prominent among them were Joseph Stetson, Elihu Hobart, Na- 
thaniel Curtis, and Charles Dyer. Mr. Hobart purchased the 
property in 1829 and erected the tack-factory, Mr. Dyer acting 
as his agent for carrying on the works until 1839, when Mr. 


Hobart formed a partnership with Mr. E. Y. Perry, and they 
•continued together until 1850, when Mr. Perry took entire charge 
of the business. 

George Curtis was the owner of the propert}^ in 1870, when he 
conveyed it to Lemuel C. Waterman, Eodolphus C. Waterman, 
and George P. Clapp, since which time the business has been car- 
ried on by them or by Mr. E. 0. Waterman, the present owner. 

The line of goods manufactured here has always been of the 
highest standard, Mr. Waterman now supplying the upholstery 

Below Mr. Waterman's factory stands the rubber mill of the 
E. H. Clapp Rubber Company. For more than 150 years, how- 
ever, this location was noted for its anchor industry, and we give 
briefly the history of manufactures here from 1693 to the present 

It is quite certain that the earliest manufactory of iron ore was 
established here. 

This spot was known as Luddan's Ford and a fine granite arch 
bridge now spans the stream. 

In 1693, Joseph Curtis and Josiah Palmer, with their partners, 
Edward Wanton, William Perry, Thomas Stockbridge, and Joseph 
Bates, entered into an agreement '"for erecting a saw mill on some 
part of the stream called Indian Head River, upon land of said 
Palmer and said Stockbridge, the same to be made and set up a 
little above the cartway that leads through said River upon our 
land, that is to say upon the land of said Palmer on the northeast 
side and on the land of said Joseph Stockbridge on the southwest 
side of said river, do hereby give and grant, for ourselves and our 
several heirs, so much of each of our lands adjoining to said River 
at the most convenient place for the same as shall be needed for 
the Pond, Dam, and "Ways Oif' from and to the same; that is to 
say, we hereby grant, assign and make over unto ourselves and 
partners, that is to say, unto Edward Wanton, William Perry, 
Thomas Stockbridge, and Joseph Bates of Scituate, aforesaid, — 
the said Palmer and Thomas Stockbridge to carry on and have 
each of them one quarter part of said mill, and the said Wanton, 
Joseph Stockliridge, William Perry, and Joseph Bates to carry on 
each of them one-eighth part of said mill, which said owners and 
partners shall see cause thereto erect and make, and to have and 
to hold, etc., and we, the subscribers and partners, etc., do hereby 
covenant tliat no one of us shall sell or dispose of his respective 


part of said mill or mills, but that he shall first proffer and sell 
the same to his fellow-partners, provided they sliall give as much 
for the same as another person shall do." — Dated July 31st, 1693. 
— Probably at this date a saw and gristmill were built. As early 
as March, 1703, the Iron Works had been constructed, as at that 
time the Selectmen of Scituate laid out a highway, a transcript 
of a part of their location of the said highway being here given. — 
The full description is given under the Chapter on Highways. 
"A highway laid out at Indian Head Eiver, beginning about one 
rod and a half below the horse bridge, at a sapling standing near 
the River, and thence about nine and one half rods to a stake and 
stone standing forty rods from the Iron Worls, which way so far 
is through Josiah Palmer's land, and thence on the common land 
up to the coal-house, and thence turning northeast or something 
more northerly, as it now goeth until it comes to a white oak tree, 
— thence through the swamp as the cart- way now goeth up the 
hill and over the little brook to the cart-path leading to the Country 
Eoad, and as the cart-path now goeth until it comes to the Country 
Eoad that leads from Barstow's Bridge toward Hingham." This 
describes very carefully Elm street in Hanover and Broadway from 
the end of Elm street to the Four Corners. 

June 22nd, 1704, the owners had erected the Iron Works here, 
as is shown by a deed from Josiah Palmer to his partners, by 
which he conveys one half an acre of land "for the use and benefit 
of the Iron Works and Mills that are or shall be set up on the 
Indian Head Eiver where the Iron Works now standeth." 

We have been thus explicit that due credit may be given the 
pioneers here. Dean and Barry both speak of these works as 
having been erected by Mr. Bardin. Thomas Bardin was born in 
1688 and came to this country from Wales in 1716, and was less 
than fifteen years old when the evidence shows the works were con- 
structed. The shares in this property changed often. 

In 1701, Thomas Stockbridge sold his quarter to Edward Wan- 
ton and Job Eandall. In 1704, Edward Wanton sold his one- 
fourth to his son-in-law, Eobert Barker, and, later in the same 
year, Job Eandall sold his one-eighth to his son-in-law, Joseph 
Barstow, Jr. In 1707, William Perry sold his one-eighth to 
Joseph Barstow, Jr., also. 

This Joseph Barstow, Jr., with others, constructed the forge and 
finery at South Hanover. 

In 1708, Isaac Little purchased Josiah Palmer's one-eighth, and 
Joseph Stockbridge sold his part to Jabez Josselyn. In 1730, 


"Tlie Forge'' is spoken of as "Josselyn's Forge," and, in 1721, as 
the "Old Forge," in distinction from the ''New Forge" at South 
Hanover. In 1725, the Josselyns owned the major part of the 
shares and continued to own them until some time about 1790. 

In 1791, this property came into possession of the Curtis 
family, Lemuel, Reuben, and Consider being for quite a long 
time the owners, George Curtis and Lemuel Dwelley were for 
a while associated as owners here. Lemuel Dwelley sold his in- 
terest to George Curtis in 1839, thus leaving him in possession of 
the property. Mr. Curtis carried on the works for thirty years 
thereafter, making anchors which ranged in weight from one 
thousand to ten thousand pounds each. During the War of the 
Eebellion, Mr. Curtis made a great many anchors for the Govern- 
ment. Many anchors were also made at these works in the early 
part of the nineteenth century, some of them weighing five tons. 

The anchors for the old warship Constitution were forged here. 

In 1873, Mr. Curtis sold the property to Eugene H. Clapp. who 
was at that time in company with his cousin, Fred W. Clapp, the 
latter dying in 1880. Their business was the grinding of all 
products which contained rubber "and the cleansing the ground 
product of its worthless material for the purpose of preserving 
the rubber, a substance which can be used over and over again.'' 

They took the old buildings in the condition in which Mr. 
Curtis had left them and fitted them up for the new business. 

In 1881, the factory building (The Old Forge) was entirely 
destroyed by fire. Mr. Clapp immediately constructed a much 
larger mill and repeated additions have been made until the 
present establishment covers several acres, partly in Pembroke. 
This business has for several years been conducted by the E. H. 
Clapp Rubber Company, which company was organized in 1892. 

On the Pembroke side of this dam there originally stood a saw- 
mill and a gristmill, using a part of the power of the river, which 
drove the wheels of the forge. At one time also there was here 
a mill for carding wool. 

Fire destroyed the gristmill and the forge in 1848. The saw- 
mill was in use wlien the property was purcliased by E. H. Clapp 
for his rubber works. This old mill was owned at one time by 
George Curtis and Haviland Torrey. The carding-mill was built 
by Col. Jesse Reed, farther up stream, and moved down to this 

This carding-mill now forms the ell of the house on Hanover 
street, Avhere Thomas Damon resided. 


In 1723, Peter Collamer, Joseph Curtis, William Curtis, Samuel 
Curtis, Jr., Timothy White, Benjamin Stetson, Jr., Joseph Curtis, 
Jr., and Josiah Curtis entered into an agreement about the man- 
agement and improvement of a sawmill which they had lately 
erected. (See Book 17, Page 141 of Plymouth Registry of Deeds). 
It is doubtful if Peter Collamer or Timothy Wliite were ever resi- 
dents of the territory now Hanover. Probably all the others were. 
Timothy White owned the land which is flowed by the northerly 
part of the pond, and Peter Collamer, that land flowed by the 
central part of the pond, while Samuel owned that part which 
includes the southerly part of the pond and the mill yard. 

This site has for nearly two hundred years been improved for 
sawing lumber, and the present mill is the fifth one which has 
occupied the premises, the two preceding the present one having 
been burned since the retirement of Deacon John Brooks. 

The mill was for a long time improved by the Curtis family and 
later by the Brooks family, Joseph Brooks and Deacon John 
Brooks, the latter being perhaps the longest continuous owner. 

It is now owned and occupied by Wallace Hackett, his father 
having owned it for a long time. Between the ownership of the 
Hacketts, father and son, it was owned and occupied by Albert 
G. Mann. 

This mill was first Icnown as Curtis' mill, — later as Brooks' 
mill, and now as Hackett's mill. When the mill was constructed 
the stream was called Burnt Plain brook. 

Just north of the mill last described, Nathaniel Gill, Benjamin 
Mann, Jr., and Timothy White erected a mill on what is now 
AYebster street. This was erected some time before 1754. (See 
deed from Nathaniel Gill to Benjamin Mann, Jr., dated 1754, and 
recorded with Plymouth Deeds, Book 42, Page 193). The brook 
on which this mill was erected was called Mathias brook. The 
dam is still plainly visible. This mill did service for many years, 
Caleb Mann being the last to improve it. 

In the woods, a half mile west of Hackett's mill, Joseph Brooks, 
as early as 1820, constructed a shingle and box-board mill, and 
this was improved by Mr. Brooks as late as 1860. At one time 
Mr. Prouty polished the iron work for his ploughs here, this busi- 
ness being referred to in another place. 

This mill occupied a most picturesque spot, as it stood sur- 
rounded on all sides by a forest, the trees being large and many of 
them a century old at least. 


The Curtis family, probably Lemuel, as early as 1750 erected a 
gristmiir on Hughs' Cross brook, west of Washington street. . 

This mill was in use for many years but was taken down about 
1860. It occupied a picturesque spot. 

Thomas Tindale now utilizes the water on this stream in con- 
nection with his cranberry bog. 

We copy the following from the Church Records: "1767, June 
27 — (Died) — Lemuel, son of Lemuel Curtis, Sr., aged 14 years. 
Drowned in his father's mill pond." 

There was at one time a small gristmill on Iron Mine brook, 
near the house of Alpheus N. Chamberlin. This was in use for a 
few years, but it could not have been a mill of great service. 


The forests of Hanover cover one half of her territoi'v. They 
have ever been a fruitful source of income. First, in supplying 
material for her buildings and fuel for her fires, and, secondly, 
in supplying the demand for her surplus wood; her pine logs to 
the Hingham coopers and the sawn boards to the trimk and box- 
makers of Boston, Norwell, Eockland, and other towns. Boxes 
and buckets were made in small quantities at Elihab's mill at an 
early date and probably in other places. There was, however, but 
little manufacture of boxes in Hanover previous to 1850. 

In 1845, by the Industrial Statistics of that year it appears that 
the value of the wooden ware manufactured in the town was only 
nine hundred and one dollars, and the value of such manufacture 
did not greatly increase until 1870. 

During the year 1845, the statistics show that the lumber pre- 
pared (mostly sawn boards) was 453,583 feet, valued at $3,867. 
The principal market for this lumber was out of town. The num- 
ber of cords of firewood prepared for market during the year 
named was 906 cords, valued at $2,855. 

In 1871, Edward Y. Perry, Ezra Phillips, and his brother, Lot 
Phillips, erected a steam-mill at West Hanover. This mill was 
equipped with machinery for sawing long boards, box boards and 
shingles, and for the manufacture of boxes. 

In May, 1872, this mill was burned but it was at once rebuilt. 
The same partners continued until the retirement of Mr. Ezra 
Phillips in 1874, when Mr. Perry and Mr. Lot Phillips continued 
tlie business until January 1st, 1891. At this time Josiah W. 
Hinckley, who had been connected with the business since 1877, 



was admitted as a partner, and, since then, Lot Phillips, J. W. 
Hinckley, E. Y. Perry, and the estate of E. Y. Perry have con- 
ducted the business. 

In Xovember, 1904, the business was incorporated under the 
name of Lot Phillips and Company Corporation. This Corpora- 
tion now uses annually the greater part of the pine lumber cut in 
our town besides drawing heavily on the supply in Norwell, Pem- 
broke, Marshiield, Duxbury, Kingston and other towns; and 
several millions of feet of boards are used in supplying the de- 
mands of the factory. 

The dwelling-houses in the village of AYest Hanover have 
trebled in number since the establishment of this business by the 
parties first named. Like most of the business of the present day, 
economy in the use of the material has been reduced to a science, 
and the most approved machinery is used. 


Until about 1800, the people of Hanover depended entirely on 
the local shoemaker for furnishing the necessary foot-wear, who 
went from house to house, carrying his own tools, and, when neces- 
sary, his leather, and supplying the family needs. 

Later came the small shops, where the leather was supplied by 
ihe manufacturer, the shoes being made and returned to him. 
This subject is treated lightly here as these conditions were com- 
mon to all towns in the county. 

Very early in the nineteenth century, the business of manufac- 
turing shoes in Hanover began. Among the early manufacturers 
were Stephen Josselyn, William Morse, and others. The business 
increased slowly, as in 1831 only 12,000 pairs were made. After 
this date it increased rapidly, and, as early as 1860, quite a large 
business was done, Mr. Joseph H. Studley on Main street, and 
the Messrs. Blanchard at Assinippi, being then the largest manu- 

The Civil War made a great demand on the shoe manufacturers, 
and, from 1860 to 1880, the business increased rapidly and reached 
its maximum about the latter date. Mr. Studley, Marcus Morse, 
Killani and Turner, Rufus S. Crane, Bradford S. Damon, Caleb A. 
Mann, Samuel F. Buffum, and others, all conducted shoe business 
on Main street and at Assinippi, the value of the product in 1875 
being $200,000. 

From 1880 to 1900, the business decreased, although several of 
the men named above continued to manufacture. During this 


period, Nathan Y. Goodrich did a large business, first at his fac- 
tory at North Hanover, and later at the factory at South Hanover, 
which was erected for him by Edward Y. Perry and Morrill A. 
Phillips. At the present time there is no one engaged in the 
manufacture of shoes in Hanover, although the last named factory 
still stands equipped for such purpose. 

In connection with the shoe industry a word will be said about 
the Tanneries, of which there were three in the town. 

Mr. Simeon Curtis's was the first of which we have knowledge. 
His works were on Silver street near the cranberry bog-house ot 
Thomas H. Tindale. He died in 1810 and it is doubtful if the 
work here was continued after that date. 

The works of William Church were on Hanover street near Iron 
Mine brook and were successfully conducted for more than thirt}'- 
years. But little business was done here aftei- 1860. 

The works of Seth Rose were in the field a short distance south- 
east of the junction of Hanover and Circuit streets and were con- 
tinued to the date of his death in 1859. Probably Mr. Rose did 
the most business of any one of the three, his tannery turning 
out considerable upper-leather. 

The statistics for 1837 show that the number of hides tanned 
was eight hundred, the value being $4,350. It is doubtful if at 
any time, more than fifteen hundred hides per year were tanned. 


We have not mentioned the clothing business except incidental- 
ly in connection with the mills; but, in the early history of the 
town, nearly all the clothing was made from the wool sheared 
from the sheep or from the flax of the farmers own raising. 

The loom and the spinning wheel were in use within the memory 
of men now living and the writer remembers when Mrs. Mary 
Dwelley spuji the yarn and wove the cloth which she made into 
a dress, wearing the same for years. 

The maiden seamstress Mdio went from house to house to make 
the family clothing is also still remembered. Benjamin Franklin 
said, (he was 21 when our town was incorporated), "1 was never 
prouder of any dress in my life than when I was clothed froui 
head to foot in woolen and linen of my wife's manufacture." 

For forty years or more, from 1850 to 1890, William Curtis 
and his son, George W. Curtis, did what was called a Slop-Work 
Business. That is, they took the garments (cut) from Oak Hall, 


— from the establishment of Jolm Curtis, and from other places 
in Boston and distributed them about the town and in Norwell 
among the women of faculty for such work, who "made them up," 
when the}^ were returned to the Messrs. Curtis, carefull}^ examined 
and shipped to the source from which they came. 


Col. John Bailey had four sons, three of whom became clock 
makers. One of these, Lebbeus, moved to Maine but John and 
Calvin spent their active lives in Hanover, John living in said 
town until his death. Jolin and Calvin were natural mechanics, 
learning no trade, their natural ingenuity being sufficient for their 
needs. John Bailey is to-day recognized as one of the most skill- 
ful mechanics of his time. 

They made the eight-day clocks which are now so highly prized. 
Tiiere are many of these clocks in Hanover and the surrounding 
towns that have rim for one hundred and twenty years and still 
keep as good time as when first constructed. Only the most prim- 
itive tools were used in their construction and the wood of which 
they were made was gathered from the nearby forests. 

Mr. David Studley of Hanover, a skillful workman, learned his 
trade of John Baile3^ His children and grand-children carried 
on the business successfully, one of his grand-children, Fred A. 
Studley of Hanover, being still engaged in repairing clocks and 
watches, satisfactorily to his clients. 

In addition to his work as a clock-maker, John Bailey invented 
a machine to go by steam. In the patent it was called ''Baileys 
Steam Jack for roasting meats and poultry before an open fire 
place, invented by John Bailey of Massachusetts." This steam 
jack had the elements of the modern steam engine. The patent 
was dated 23rd of Februar}-, 1792, and was signed "Go. Washing- 
ton. By the President, Thos. Jefferson." 

The same day this patent was dated, the following endorsement 
was made thereon : 

"City of Philadelphia, February 23, 1793. 

I do hereby certify that tlie foregoing letters — patent were de* 
livered to me in pursuance of the Act, entitled "An Act to promote 
the progress of useful arts," that I have examined the same, and 
find them comformablo to the said Act. 

Edw. Randolph, Attorney General of the U. S." 

In addition to the above, John Bailey was also a maker of com- 
passes and invented machinery for revolving lights for lighthouses 
and also tlic first spinning- jenny made in Rhode Island. 


His brother, Calvin, prepared an orrery which was used in the 
schools. This had the sun for a center with several of the planets 
revolving about it in proper order. 


David Prouty came to Hanover from Scituate about 1811 and 
settled on Main street, near Webster street. He first opened a 
store and in connection with his trading joined the business of 
weaving cloth. This cloth was made from yarn obtained in the 
factories at Marslifield and other places and was put out to the 
women in the neighborhood who wove it in the hand looms. This 
business was continued imtil power looms caused hand-machinery 
to be abandoned. When this business ceased to be profitable, Mr. 
Prouty's attention was called to the ploughs used by the farmers 
of that date. 

Quoting from Bariy, "though we cannot confidently say that 
he was the first inventor of the cast iron ploughs which have since 
given to his name a world-wide celebrity, yet patents were early 
obtained by him for their manufacture, on principles whose dis- 
covery must be attributed to liim; — he was a pioneer in the busi- 
ness; — and, to the close of his useful life, he gave all his energies 
to its prosecution and his efforts were crowned with a success, not 
only gratifying to him personally, but eminently benefiicial to the 
community, reflecting honor upon his genius and attesting the 
fertility of his resources." 

"At the time Mr. Prouty commenced the manufacture of the 
ploughs which still bear his name, the implements then in use by 
farmers were of a far different stamp from those seen at the pres- 
ent day. That part of the instrument which performs the labor 
was of wood strapped with iron bars; and the form and durability 
were far below the ploughs of Mr. Prouty's construction." 

'TDeacon' John Brooks of Hanover well recollects when the first 
plough made by Mr. P. was put in operation. It was taken to a 
gravel-knoll, on the highway, near the present residence of Mr. 
Samuel Brooks, Main street, and many were the prophecies that, 
as soon as the oxen were attached and an attempt was made to 
break up the almost impenetrable surface, it would at once be 
shattered and found worthless. But Mr. P., who had all con- 
fidence in his success, held the plough himself, guided its opera- 
tions, and, as the team moved on and the furrows were turned, 
the prophecies of failure vanished as the dew before the morning 


"The establishment of Mr. Prouty in Hanover was not on so 
extensive a scale as was that conducted by him subsequent to his 
removal from the town. About one thousand ploughs per year 
were made and from three to four hands employed in the sliop. 
There was a blacksmith's shop attached to his premises, also a 
building in wliich was machinery for sawing plough beams, etc., 
by horse power." 

"Mr. Prouty left Hanover about the year, 1836, (or at any rate 
this was the last year he was assessed a poll tax in H.), and 
established himself in Boston, where, in company with Mr. John 
Hears and Mr. Lorenzo Prouty and under the lirm of Prouty and 
Hears the business of manufacturing ploughs and other agricul- 
tural implements was carried on, until the decease of Mr. Prouty, 
and later by Mr. Lorenzo Prouty and Mr. John Mears, Jr., at 
their extensive warehouses on jSTorth Market and Clinton Streets." 

The Industrial Statistics for 1837, show that there was one 
plough manufactory in Hanover producing 150 ploughs per year, 
the value thereof being $1,800, the nvimber of hands employed 
being three. This was about the time that Mr. Prouty left Han- 

Barry says that, while in Hanover, Mr. Prouty made one 
thousand ploughs per year. Perhaps the Jiumber given in the 
statistics as above is more nearly correct, though Mr. Barry wrote 
less than twenty years after Mr. Prouty's removal. 

However, Hanover has the distinction of being the towTi where 
the first successful iron plows in America were made and the seal 
of the town has among other devices the figure of a plough. 

Mr. Prouty resided wdiile in Hanover in the house on Main 
street, near Webster street, for many years owned and occupied 
by George Damon. 

Brief mention A\ill hv made of tlie business of carriage-making. 

Mr. Thomas Turner for forty years, from about 1850 to 
1898, the date of his death, conducted quite a large business at 
the Corners, in the buildings standing wliere now stands the 
Chemical Fire Engine House. Barry says that, in 1853, he was 
building about forty carriages per year. Later, however, his at- 
tention was chiefly devoted to the repairing of carriages, including 
painting and trimming. The three buildings occupied by him 
were burned in 1900. 

Mr. Charles F. Steams, an efficient workman, who has been in 
business in Hanover since 1873, for a while manufactured car- 
riages, but of late years has devoted himself principally to their 


repair; his place of business now being on Broadway, near the 
Four Corners. 

Barry says, "In the days when there were no carriages owned 
here, the saddle business was a prominent branch of enterprise, 
and was conducted by Benjamin Stockb ridge at the Four Comers, 
and by the family of Estes on Plain street, and perhaps by others." 

We shall not attempt to enumerate the blacksmiths who have 
carried on their useful work in Hanover. The EelTses and the 
Dillinghams at the Corners were early, and for a long time, enter- 
prising and successful workmen along this line. 

Mr. Warren Wright, a highly respected man, was for a great 
many years located at the Four Corners, continuing in this busi- 
ness until his death. 

The blacksmiths now carrying on this business in Hanover are 
Frank Alger at Assinippi, David H. Stoddard at North Hanover, 
Florus Josseiyn at West Hanover, Fred White at South Hanover, 
and James Jones, Leslie J. Hayward and Albert Morel at the 
Four Corners, Mr. Jones occupying the shop of Mr. Warren 
Wright. This shop is now more than one hundred and seventy- 
five years old and was first occupied by Samuel Eells. It then 
stood on the southeast corner of Broadway and Washington street. 
It was occupied by the Eells family for more than one hundred 
years, when Mr. Warren Wright purchased it and removed it to 
its present location. 

Lack of space forbids more on this line. j\luch has been omitted 
which it would have been a pleasure to have presented. Thus far, 
only those industries have been referred to, where the raw ma' 
terial has been prepared for, or converted into, the finished 

Brief mention will be here made of the merchants or store- 
keepers, whose vocations have been no less useful. 

In the beginning of the nineteenth century, the Hanover Four 
Corners was noted for miles around for its superior stores and for 
the life of the place. 

A gentleman born in North Bridgewater (now Brockton), dy- 
ing there less than twenty years ago, said to the writer that, when 
he was a boy, he considered a trip to Hanover Four Corners as a 
memorable event, on account of its life and activity. 

Could all tlie persons who have been store-keepers in Hanover 
be enumerated, an array of names would be presented of which 


auy town luight be proud. Courtesy and fair dealing lias been the 


Mr. Isaac M. Wilder, a typical store-keeper, is remembered as 
one whose word no man doubted; w-hose weight no one ques- 
tioned; and the nobility of whose life is still a memory. Mr. John 
B. Bates at the Corners and Mr. John S. Brooks at North Hanover 
were both in the business continuously for more than fifty years. 
IJespeeted always, their integrity no man questioned. 

Probably the largest sale business ever carried on in the town 
is that of Phillips, Bates & Co., of which brief mention is here 
made. In 1890 Edward Y. Perry, Lot Phillips and William F. 
Bates became a^ssociated under the firm name of Phillips, Bates 
&- Co., for the purpose of carrying on a grain, Imnber and coal 
business on Broadway, near the Hanover railroad station, taking 
over the grain business that was established by Robert Sylvester 
and Samuel H. Church. In January, 1896, Mr. Perry purchased 
of Mr. Phillips his interest, but the firm name remains unchanged. 
The estate of Jl. Y. Perry and William F. Bates are the present 
owners, the active manager being William F. Bates. 

One other ind,ustry, the noblest of all, must have but slight 
treatment, as the early history of Hanover in her agriculture dif- 
fers but slightly from the other towns in the county. For the 
first one hundred years, this was the sole resource of a large ma- 
jority of her people. The land was to be cleared of rocks and 
stumps, houses were to be constructed, food and clothmg produced, 
schools established, roads constructed, and the general welfare 
secured. The work necessary for all this the farmer, in connec- 
tion with his fellow laborer, the carpenter, performed. 

We can hardly realize the labor required to build a house in 
the early days. The primitive sawmill furnished the only ma- 
chinery. All else must be done by hand and yet many of the houses 
then constructed still stand as memorials of the patience and fore- 
sight with which the men wrought. 

The miles of stone wall, which one hundred years ago formed 
the boundary lines of the highways and the outlines of the dif- 
ferent lots, testify to their labor in clearing the lands. The 
writer believes that, in the beginning of the nineteenth century, 
tliere was, at least, a mile of stone wall to every hundred acres 
of land; and he is sure that on his father's farm of one hundred 
and fifty acres there was a mile and a half of such wall. 

The food and clothing were, of course, the product of the farm. 


Rye and Indian com furnished the bread, the sheep, swine, and 
kine, the meat, the wool and flax, the clothing, and the hides from 
the slaughtered creatures, the boots and shoes. The table fur- 
niture was made by hand of wood or pewter. The large pe^yter 
platters, plates, porringers and spoons were run in molds and, 
when these articles became worn or mutilated, they were melted 
and molded over, becoming as good as new. The cradle in which 
the child was rocked, as well as the cofiin in which the dead were 
buried, was made from wood cut on the farm. 

The grandmothers of people not yet old, loiew not flour or, if 
they did, it was a luxury to be purchased but once a year and 
then in quantities not exceeding fourteen pounds. Matches were 
unknown, the flint and tinder being used to make a fire, although 
the back log was seldom permitted to go out and when it did it 
was customary to borrow a brand from a neighbor. 

All this and more was common to the early settlers and yet 
they toiled hopefully. They had, of course, the advantage of the 
shad, bass, and herring fishing, in the nearby streams, and wild 
game was abundant. These were days of plain living and high 

So much has been said in memorj' and in lionor of those who 
laid the foundation of our pleasant homes. Faithful to their 
families, to their town, and to their country, they met bravely 
every crisis; and they stood firm as did their never-to-be-forgotten 
brothers at Lexington, of whom Emerson said : 

"Here once the embattled farmers stood, 
And fired the shot heard round the world." 
Note: — The earliest statistics obtainable are those of 1845 and 
as late as that date it appears that Hanover raised nearly 
4000 bushels of Indian corn ; more than 700 Inishels of 
rye; more than 17,000 bushels of potatoes; 1400 bushels of 
other esculent vegetables; 5000 bushels of fruit; 17,000 pounds 
of butter ; 8500 pounds of cheese ; and had within her borders 400 



EoADs AND Highways — Streams and Bridges. 

The first two pages hij John F. Simmons. All else by 
Jedediah Dwelley. 


All the known metliods of transportation have been exemplified 
within the bounds of onr town except canals. 

The earliest and most primitive, which Bayard Taylor made 
classical by his "Views Afoot," Avas the good old way provided 
ns by nature. This means of movement from place to place was 
practiced long before Hanover was dreamed of, by the Indian 
travellers. Their moccasined feet had worn through the leaves 
of the oak woods and over the pine-needle carpets of the pine 
forests the old Indian trails or paths. 

The territory of our town is known to have been crossed br 
at least two of these highways of the red men. One led across 
the town from north to south and connected tlie tribes of the 
Massachusetts on the north with the tribes living at Plymouth 
and the Cape on the south. It is supposed to have entered the 
town at Assinippi where it Avas crossed by the trail from the 
west across the Third Herring brook toward the shore. At these 
aboriginal cross roads there existed a spring somewhere back of 
the present residence of Frank Alger at Assinippi village at which 
travelling red men were wont to camp. It was the precursor of 
the "Halfway House" of more recent years. Now, the spring is 
choked and its exact location is difficult to establish. It has, how- 
ever, left its mark upon the locality and the time, by the name 
"Assinippi," which the white men caught from the Indian words, 
designating the spring, "Hassen Ippi," Pocky Water. 

This oldest path in the state, the Plymouth and Bay Path, 
followed substantially the course of the present Washington street, 
veering west as it approached the river to take advantage of the 
ford at the rubber mills. It was here that Governor Winthrop^ 

:220 HISTORY OF ha:sover. 

•on his first visit to Piymoutli Colony, was carried across on the 
<back of James Ludden and this crossing, which exemplifies the 
-second means of transportation, became known as Luddam's or 
Luddin's ford. Deane has "no doubt that James Ludden, an 
^early settler of Weymouth, was the Governor's carrier in this 
instance." The incident occurred in 1632. 

This path was probably, like the foot-paths through the 
woods of to-day, only a few feet wide, winding in and out through 
the trees of the "forest primeval," over stepping stones through 
the lower grounds, and seldom coming to a clearing until an 
Indian village had been reached. Small clearings were occasion- 
ally met with, near some large pond or marsh. But as a general 
thing the unbroken forest of oak, maple and pine covered the 
whole land with the shade of their "old growth" trees, when the 
Pilgrims landed in 1620. ^ 

As horses became more numerous in the colon}^, the successor 
■of the foot-path was the bridle-path, scarcely wider or better 
marked than the old Indian trails and usually following their 
identical course. As the Indian by habit always walked single 
file if several travelled together and as the white settlers, especi- when mounted, found intercourse more comfortable, riding side 
b}'' side, the old foot-path began to widen out. 

In still later times the introduction of wheeled vehicles made 
it neccessary to prepare more carefully the ways of travel. \\Tiile 
the old bridle paths followed usually the way of the foot-path, 
the cart-path or wagon road in its turn followed the bridle-path. 
Dr. Holland, in his novel "The Bay Path," describes vividly that 
thoroughfare from Boston to Worcester: "It was marked by 
trees a portion of the distance and by slight clearings of brush 
and thicket for the remainder. No stream was bridged, no hill 
was graded and no marsh drained. The path led through woods 
which bore the marks of centuries, over barren hills which had 
been licked by the Indian hounds of fire and along the banks of 
streams that the seine had never dragged." 

Before Governor Winthrop died, in 1649, Massachusetts had 
a cavalry corps. The first horses of the Colonists were small and 
scrubby, but before 1635 a cargo of Flemish draft horses was 
brought into Boston. Longfellow tells us, in the "Courtship of 
Miles Standish," that the little captain saw Jolin Alden carry 
home the bride Priscilla mounted on a white bull. Plymouth 
"had kine before it had horses. 

We can imagine one of our sturdy settlers mounted, with ma- 


dam seated behind on the pillion with arm about her lord's wai^^t,, 
treading the still, warm, deAvey woods on a Sunday morning in. 
June on their way to the meeting which they scorned to call 
church, while the younger generation made an often unwilling, 
procession behind. 

The first roads were but cart-ways, where deep and rocky ruts 
made travelling faster than a walk, not only hard but dangerous. 
The town slowly adopted the policy of caring for the ways. And 
yet the advent, later, of stage coach routes and their outgrowth,, 
the turnpike corporation, caused macadamized roads to be intro- 
duced into this country before they were adopted in England of 
the continent. In fact, London McAdam, who gave his name to 
a form of road building, took with him from America in 1783 the- 
idea upon which his road building was based. 

What follows is hy Jedediah Dwelley : 

The first record of the laying out of highways in Plymouth 
Colony was a vote passed the third of January, 1627, by the 

Plymouth Colony Coui-t. — '"It was agreed that the old 

pathways be still allowed and that every man be allowed a con- 
venient way to the water, wheresoever the lot fall." This doubt' 
less meant that all should have access to the sea, the great high- 
way of nations, and that the paths already travelled should be 
made free for public use. 

In 1639, it was enacted by the court, "that if an highway bee 
wanting in any township of this (jovei'nment upon due complaint 
that tlien the Gov^", or any of his assistants impanel a Jury and 
upon oath charge them to lay out such waies both for horse and 
foot as in Conscience they shall find most beneficial for the Com- 
monwealth and as little prejudiciall as may bee to the particulars 
and that all old pathes shall bee still allowed except other pro- 
vision be orderly made, and that where there are alowed foot 
pathes over any mans ground which is fenced up the OA\Tiers of 
such fences shall make convenient stiles or Gates." 

Later, in 1659, it was enacted by the court, "That wher high- 
waies are wanting in any towne ship of this Jurisdiction that 
there the next Magistrate unto such Towneshipp shall Impannell 
a Jury for the laying out of such waves as >:hall bee found by 
them convenient." 

In 1669, it was enacted by the court, "That all the King's high- 
ways within this government shall be forty feet in breadth at the 

In the Plymouth Colony Court Records we find the following: 


"June, 1G84. This Court, taking into consideration ye incon- 
veniency likely to ensue by persons erecting fences, gates or bars 
on thwart coimtry high wayes to ye annoyance of travellers, doe 
therefore enact and })e it hereby enacted that all necessary country 
ways within this colony shall, between tliis time and ye next 
October Court, be laid out by a jury where it is not already so 
done at ye charge of ye respective townes through whose lands or 
townships such wayes may lead and that an account thereof with 
ye several bounds of each such way in every of said towns shall 
be presented or brought to ye clarke of that town on penalty of 
five pounds to be forfeited and paid by such town as shall neglect 
ye performance thereof." 

Some time previous to 1695, towns were given jurisdiction 
over the subject of laying out highways, the selectmen, on petition, 
making such lay-out, which, when ratified by the to^\^l, became 
effective. This system prevailed for more than a century. 

In 1838 the office of county commissioner was established, since 
which date nearly all of the highways in Hanover have been 
laid out by that board. For a few years, however, previous to 
1836, petitions for highways were presented to the court of ses- 
sions and a committee was appointed to make the lay out. Not 
more than two or three of the highways in Hanover were laid 
out under the jury system. 

Washington street from North Eiver bridge to Scituate line 
and beyond was laid out in 1653 by a jury of which Cornet 
Robert Stetson was foreman; and. in 1656 William Barstow was 
authorized "to build a bridge across North river and to clear and 
mark a way to Hughes' Cross and to open and clear and make 
a way along beyond Hughes' Cross toward the Bay so as to avoid 
a certain rocky hill and swamp, he to have 13£ county pay for so 
doing." This work was doubtless done upon the line that the 
aforesaid jury agreed upon. 

Under the early system, private '^ays Avere laid out for the 
use of the public, the owners of the land being permitted to 
erect gates at the boundary lines of their premises. The only 
reference we find in Hanover records indicating such an obstnic- 
tion is the reference in old deeds and the laying out of highways 
"to the gate near the widow Deborah Hatch's." This Deborah 
Hatch lived near the corner of Circuit and Winter streets. 

Nearly all of the highways that were laid out by the Selectmen 
of Hanover were made two rods in width. T\liile the Colony 
Court required it, the highways were made forty feet in width. 


but there were not more than three or four of tliese. The roads 
laid out by the county commissioners have been made forty feet 
or more in width. 

It is quite certain that previous to the incorporation of the 
town, beginning about I6l>y, the highway from tlie Xorwell line 
near the house of Samuel H. Church to Washington street and 
then following up what is known as "Henry's Lane" to the foot 
of the '"Great Lots/'' Union street, Silver street, Washington stieet, 
Broadway throughout its entire length, the whole of Elm street, 
East street, Hanover street from Washington street to Circuit 
street, Circuit street from Hanover street to Summer street, and 
probably Center street, were laid out by the town of Scituate. 

Soon after the incorporation of the town, in 1737, and from 
that date to 1750, Winter street. Summer street, the south part 
of Main street. School street, part of King street, Sp^'ing street, 
and the west end of Plain street in Hanover, and King street in 
what is now Hanson, were laid out. 

From 1750 to ISOO the way from the end of Pleasant street to 
the Kockland line, Whiting street, the north part of Main street. 
Cedar street. Pleasant street, and the road from Assinippi to 
the store of the John S. Brooks Co., were laid out. 

Between 1800 and 1850 the east end of Plain street. Pine street, 
^\'ater street, Hanover street from Circuit street to West Hanover 
station, Webster street from Whiting street to the easterly end of 
North street and Webster street, east of Washington street, were 

Since 1850 the following have been opened: Myrtle street 
from Circuit street to Center street, Rockland street. West avenue, 
Webster street from Main street to the end of Walnut street, and 
Pond street. 

The wording of the laying out of some of the streets is so 
obscure that we have not cared to solve the meaning. Quite 
likely some of the streets in the town were never laid out. So far 
as we have stated facts, they have been taken from the Colony 
Court records, Scituate records, Plymouth County commissioner's 
records, and Flanover records. 

The following extracts from the records of laying out of liigh- 
ways may prove interesting, especially as they locate the dwell- 
ings or lands of some of the older residents : 

"Scituate, March 7, 1699-1700. Then laid out by James Tor- 
rey and John Cushing, Jr., Selectmen of said town the highways 
followinaf, — One highwav beginning at the easterlv end of the Great 


Lot belonging to Edward Wanton at a place called the BeacL 
Neck, from thence we laid the said highway forty feet in breadth 
where the cartway has usually gone and still goeth till it com- 
nieth to the said Country Road where we marked two trees stand- 
ing near the said road to the northward of the dwelling house of 
(William Curtis, Jr. (easterly end of Union St.) 

Also laid out one other highway of forty feet in Breadth along 
at the easterly end of the said Great Lots in manner following: 
Namely, beginning at the Southeasterly corner of the Great-Lot 
belonging to Thomas Jenkins and so is continued northward till 
it Commeth to a small swamp and then round on the easterly side 
of the said swamp till it commeth to the easterly end of the said 
lots again and then is continued still northward on the easterly 
end of the said lots till it commeth to a great swamp on the 
easterly side of the said Beach Neck and then beginning on the 
northerly side of the said swamp, is continued still northward on 
the easterly end of the said Lots forty feet in Breadth to the 
Country Eoad. 

John Gushing, jr. 
James Torrey."" 

Tliis road was never worked. It however included the north part 
of Birch Bottom road and crossed Webster street near the house 
of Patrick Kane. 

"December 1st, 1701 : A highway forty foot in breadth laid 
out from the Country Eoad to the Drinkwater land, so called, — 
Beginning at a red oak tree marked with three notches standing 
near the Road to the Southward of Jonathan Pratt's field and 
as the way goeth along on the Southwardly side of Pratt's field 
and along to the southward of Joseph Barstow's land until it 
comes to the Iron Mine brook and along as the way goeth until it 
comes to the land of Isaac Hanmer and along on the northerly 
side of said Ilanmer's land as the way goeth until it comes near 
the "Dirty Slough" and then something Southerly as the trees 
are marked over the swamp to the way and along as the way goeth 
until it comes to the land of Jeremiah Hatch and along by the 
northerly comer of Hatch's land and then along as the way goeth 
until it comes to the land of the owner of Drinkwater Mill and 
to the way between the land of Jeremiah Hatch and the aforesaid 
land of Drinlcwater." (A part of Hanover St. and a part of 
Circuit St.) 

"March 23, 1703 — A highway laid out at Indian Head River 
beginning about a rod and a half below the "horse bridge" at a 


sapling white oak standing near tlie IJiver, thence nine and one- 
half rods to a stake standing fort}^ foot from the Iron Works, 
which way so far is through Josiali Palmer's land and thence on 
the common land up to the coal house and thence turning i>J^orth- 
east or something more Northerly as the w^ay now goeth, thence 
along through a swamp and up a hill until it comes to the cart 
path where it goeth through a little brook within the Widow- 
Turner's fence and so along five or six rods eastward of said 
widow's farm until it comes to the cart path leading to the Country 
Eoad and as the cart path now goes until it comes to the Country 
Koad that leads from Barstow's Bridge towards Hingham.'^ (This 
was from Curtis' Iron Works to Hanover Four Corners). 

"March 29, 1729 — A highway laid out near the road from 
James Hatch's to the saw mill, thence to the Southeast comer of 
Amasa Turner's ten acre lot, — thence to a marked tree in James 
Hatch's range, thence to John Cobb's corner, — thence to a corner 
between John Cobb and Bachelor Wing, — and thence to Drink- 
water Eoad, near where the old gate stood by the widow Deborah 
Hatch's," (Probably this was what is now Winter street.) 

"March 16, 1730 — A driftway laid out, beginning at the gate 
near the widow Deborah Hatch's, as the way goes down the "dug 
hill", — thence to Caleb Barker's line, between his land and that 
of Isaac Hatch, — and so on to the way to the furnace and thence 
to the furnace mill dam." (Probably School street.) 

"Februaiy 25, 1730 — A private way laid out, from the way from 
Barstow's to the New Forge, in the range between James and 
Nathaniel Torrey's, — thence to the Northeast corner of Benjamin 
Hanmer's field, thence to the upper end of Nathaniel Torrey'? 
lot, — tJience to the corner of Benjamin Stetson's lot, and thence 
in his range and Matthew Stetson's range, to Drinkwater Road."' 
(Tliis was probably what is now Spring street.) 

"February 27, 1764 — A way laid out from the land of Marlboro 
Turner and the heirs of Joseph Curtis, late of Hanover, deceased, 
— thence North as the way now lies to Samuel Wliiting's and 
James White's land, — thence to a beech tree on Joshua Jacob's 
land, — thence to the south end of the lane between the land of 
Thomas and William Whiting, and thence North as the way now 
lies, till it comes to tlie north bounds of the town of Hanover." 
(Whiting street.) 

"October 24, 177^1 — A highway laid out, at the request of Mat- 
thew and William Estes, beginning at the top of the hill above 
William Estes' shop, — and turning north to the east side of said 


Estes' fence to Matthew Estes' line, and thence to Caleb Barker's 
ience on said Estes' land, till it comes to Matthew Estes' orchard 
fence." (jSTow the westerly end of Plain street.) 

''April 17, 1782 — A way laid out, beginning at Scituate line, 
at the south end of the highway from Captain Thomas Colla- 
more's to Hanover Meeting House, — thence to Job Curtis' corner, 
— thence to Otes' lot, — thence to the head of a wall between Ben- 
jamin Mann's and Thomas Hatch's, — thence to the head of a 
wall between Thomas Hatch's and Job Curtis', — thence by the 
house of Lemuel Curtis, Jr., and thence to the highway heretofore 
laid out." (Part of Mata street.) 

"April 25, 1791 — A highway laid out across the land of Eichard 
Estes, from the highway leading from said Estes' dwelling house 
to the old furnace, beginning at the Southwest comer of liis farm, 
and running North to the highway opposite the dwelling house 
of Isaac Hatch." (Probably King street from School street to 
Circuit street.) 

"May 16, 1796 — A way laid out from the Northeast comer of 
William Stockbridge's land, by the highway near Charles Bailey's, 
and thence West to the highway near John Bailey Jr's." (Cedar 
street. ) 

While a highway once established is seldom abandoned, yet 
there have been two or three such cases of more or less importance. 

The first is one that left Center street near the house of Henry 
A. Harlow, crossing the fields and coming out on Broadway near 
the end of Water street. On this road there were at least three 
houses long since gone to decay. An extension of this street prob- 
ably passed down near Water street, crossing the Indian Head 
river at the head of the R. C. Waterman pond and entering Dwel- 
ley street in Pembroke, near the Hanson town line. The abut" 
ments to the bridge which crossed Indian Head river on this 
way are plainly visible. 

Mill lane, as it was called, was for a hundred years at least a 
public way to the mill which stood near Waterman's tack factory. 
This way left Broadway near the end of Spring street. 

Henry's lane, so called, was for a long time a public way but 
is now abandoned as such. We have given the laying out of this 
way. It left Washington street at the end of Mill street, running 
westerly to the foot of the Great Lots. There were three or four 
liouses on this lane some years after it was laid out. By a vote 
of the town the easterly end of this way was moved to the north 
several hundred feet. This way or lane is still used considerably 
as a cart path or private way. 


Birch Bottom road, as it was called, was for a long time used 
as a public highway. This road leaves Union street near the John 
Uwelley house and enters Main street at the end of Grove street. 

Hanmer Hook road, so called, in early deeds, left Hanover street 
near the house of Wendell P. Thayer, crossing Grove street about 
50 rods from Hanover street and entering Plain street midway 
between Main street and Hanover street. There was one house 
on this street, the location of which is well defined, a few hun- 
dred feet south of Plain street. 

No other house stood so near the geographical center of the town 
as did this. 

As late as 1850 the highways in the town seldom exceeded two 
rods in width and the most of them were bordered on each side 
by a stone wall. Since that date the stone walls have nearly all 
been removed and the larger part of the ways have been widened. 


By Jededidh Divelley. 

N^orth Eiver forms the boundary between Pembroke and Han- 
over for about two miles. The Indian Head river forms the 
boundary between Pembroke and Hanover for about the same 
distance and also the boundary between Hanson and Hanover for 
more than one mile. 

The Third Herring brook forms the easterly and northeasterly 
boimdary between Norwell and Hanover for a distance of about 
four miles. 

Drinkwater river in the southwesterly part of the town is for 
a distance of two miles a wide, deep stream. 

Xorth river is historic and Dr. Briggs in his "Ship Building 
on North River" has left little to be said. Regarding the name 
of this river we quote from that book, (page 1) : — "Why the 
stream which has become so historic takes the name of North 
River, those who named it left no record, but probably it was 
either because that in going north from Plymouth they found two 
rivers, and named the southern, South River and the northern, 
North River; or else, during their explorations along the coast, 
when they discovered these two rivers, one flowing directly from 
the north, the other directly from the south, meeting a little way 
from the coast, and flowing into the ocean together as one stream, 
they named the one flowing from the north. North River, and the 
one flowing from the south. South River. Either would be suf- 
ficient reason for thus naming these rivers, and in absence of any 


record, one of these two theories may probably be accepted as? 

Quoting further from Briggs: "Until 1628 the waters of the 
North Eiver had probably never been disturbed by any navigator ex- 
cepting the Indian in his canoe, and how we all would like to look 
back three hundred years and see the same beautiful river with 
the picturesque Indian and canoe, he disturbing the quiet waters 
with the silent dipping of his paddle. The first white people 
known to have navigated the river were the Barkers, about 1628. 
When they reached the "Crotch," instead of following up the In- 
dian Head they ascended the Herring Brook as far as it was navig- 
able with their small boat, where they left the stream and settled 
m what is now Pembroke." 

The Indian Head river was so named, we suppose, from the 
fact that its principal source was the pond which, at the time 
the country was settled, was the home of a large number of the 

For a long time after the incorporation of the town, this stream 
was visited annually by a large school of herring in their passage 
to the pond and this school was protected until some time about 
1850. The many dams on the stream presented such an obstacle 
to the ascent of the fish that their protection was finally aban- 

The Third Herring brook which, as stated, forms the boundary 
line between Hanover and Norwell, rises in Valley Swamp in 
Norwell or Hingham. Although narrow, this stream has a steady 
flow of water and in the early history became an important factor 
in the development of the town. 

There are three streams emptying into the North river which 
were named respectively the First, Second, and Third Herring 
brooks, presumably because these brooks were annually visited by 
the alewives, or herring. In the Third Herring brook these fish 
came as far as Valley Swamp. The mill dams on this stream 
checked their progress to the pond. We have described quite care- 
fully in another place the history of the mills and factories erected 
on this stream. 

Over this stream and near its mouth is the Eainbow bridge, a 
narrow wooden structure which was used much during the ship 
building days, and elderly people have still pleasant and tender 
memories of this spot. 

Wo shall give such of the tributaries of these streams as have 
their rise in Hanover: 


The most important tributary to the Third Herring brook is 
what is known as Hughes' Cross brook. This brook rises between 
Hanover and Main streets, near tiie house of Charles G. Perry, flows 
northeasterly along the borders of the cemetery, and, for a long 
distance, nearly parallel with Silver street; crosses Washington 
street near the end of Silver street, forming the reservoir for Mr. 
Thomas H. Tindale's cranberry bog here, then crossing Mill street, 
enters the Third Herring brook a few rods east thereof. 

The Curtis' gristmill stood on this stream for nearly one hun- 
dred years. 

Iron Mine brook, or Trout brook, as it is called at its source, 
is a North river tributary and has its source in the swamp west 
of Washington street and north of Hanover street. It then 
crosses this latter street near the house of A. N. Chamberlin, 
Eockland street at its deepest fill ; Broadway a short distance west 
of its junction with Elm street; Elm street near the house of Fred 
C. Eidgeway, and enters the North river about one-fourth of a 
mile east of Elm street. This stream furnished the necessary 
water for William Church's tannery, and also the power for a 
small mill, referred to in the chapter on manufactures, and now 
furnishes water for Thomas H. Tindale's extensive cranberry bog 
on Broadway. 

The highest point of land between Hingham liarbor and the 
North river lies just north of Hanover and is known as Ridge 
Hill; so that the source of several streams which are tributary to 
Drinkwater river is in the northerly part of the town. 

One of these is a stream, early called Matthias brook or Burnt 
Plain brook, which has its source in Turner's swamp, so called, 
and crosses Main street north of the Baptist church and Webster 
street west of Main street. Then pursuing a course southerly and 
then westerly for a distance of about one-half of a mile it flows 
into Longwater brook. 

Longwater brook rises in the northwest part of the town, crosses 
Webster street just east of the end of North street and then pur- 
suing a course southerly about two-thirds of a mile, crosses Cedar 
street near its junction with West avenu(\ Hanover street near 
the residence of Lot Phillips, and then, flowing southerly for 
a short distance, enters the Drinkwater river. 

Another stream called Bailey's brook rises south of Webster 
street and east of Main street, then crosses Main street south of 
the Curtis school ; Cedar street one hundred rods west of Main 
street, and empties into Longwater brook one-fourth of a mile 
south of Cedar street. 


A stream called Stetson's brook rises in what is known as ''Hell 
Swamp/' north of the house of Charles H. Dwelley on Union street, 
and flows southeasterly across Union street, and then across Main 
street just south of Cedar street. Then, turning abruptly and run- 
ning northerly, it crosses Cedar street west of Main street; and 
then, flowing first northerly and then westerly, it unites with the 
stream last described. 

Another stream of considerable length, tributary to Drinkwater 
river, is what is known as Torrey's brook. This rises near the 
house of Andrew T. Damon on Hanover street, crosses Grove 
street. Myrtle street near its central part, and Winter street near 
its central part, emptying into Drinkwater river. 

Drinkwater river has its rise near the northwest part of Han- 
over, or perhaps in Eockland, and flows southerly, crossing Web- 
ster street just west of \^niiting street, — Pleasant street at the 
Aliab or Eliab Mill location, — Hanover street west of the resi- 
dence of Lot Phillips, — Circuit street midway between Summer 
and King streets, — King street at the National Fireworks Com- 
pany's plant. It then flows easterly for half a mile and then 
again southerly to the Hanson line and so continues until it becomes 
the Indian Head river. 

A tributary to Drinkwater river (Briggs gives this tributary as 
the source of said river) enters Hanover south of Summer street 
and flows easterly, emptying into what we have described as Drink- 
water river about one-third of a mile south of the above-named 

There are one or two other copious streams during the spring 
and fall months which are dry in the summer months. The most 
important of these is one that rises in "Flat Swamp", so called, 
north of Webster street; then, flowing across Main street and then 
across Webster street, enters Hacketts' Mill pond. 

There is no important bridge on the Third Herring brook; but, 
before 1700, bridges had been constructed in every place where 
there is one now, excepting the one where Mill street enters Nor- 
well, the bridge here having been built about 1860, when the road 
was laid out. 

Indian Head river, at the end of Broadway, was first spanned, 
about 1710, by a bridge called Hatches' bridge. The stream here 
when swollen is quite wide and deep and yet a wooden bridge 
spanned it until 1907, when the present arch bridge was construct- 
ed. This arch bridge, now and for a long time known as Teague's 
bridge, was constructed by William H. Ward, of re-enforced con- 
crete and has a span of twenty feet. 






The first bridge at South Hanover, near the works of Ezra 
Phillips & Sons, was constructed about 1720. This was developed 
from the horse bridge to the carriage bridge and in 1896 the 
present iron truss bridge was constructed. This truss bridge is 
in Hanson, the principal part of the tack factory buildings of 
Ezra Phillips & Sons being in the same town, while the stream 
wiiich forms the dividing line channel is still spanned by a stone 

Indian Head river at the rubber factory was spanned by a 
horse bridge as early as 1704. This bridge gradually developed 
and in 1894 the present stone arch bridge was constructed. This 
arch took the place of an abutment bridge with a middle pier 
which was covered with plank. "The present bridge was construct- 
ed by Eichard J. Shanahan, an artistic stone workman and one 
who built for the future. 

The most important bridge in the town is of course the one 
spanning North river below the Four Corners. The writer has 
been requested by many persons to introduce here the article 
which he wrote for publication at the time this bridge was con- 
structed. As it has an historic interest, he complies with the 

"Very early in the history of the colony the necessity of a bridge 
at this point became imperative, and, in 1656, "before William 
Bradford, Governor, and Thomas Prince, AVilliam Collier, Tim- 
othy Hatherly, John Alden, and James Cudworth, Counsellors.'' 
William Barstow agreed "for the sum of 12 pounds to make a 
good and suitable bridge over the North river at Stony Eeach, being 
the place where now passengers go frequently over — the said 
bridge to be made sufficient for horse and foot, and to clear and 
mark a way to Hughes' Cross and beyond toward the Bay." This 
bridge was completed before October, 1657, as on that date the 
Court appointed a committee to see "that the horse bridge over 
the North River and the way unto it be sufficiently done, and to 
judge what William Barstow is w^orthy to have for his work and 
pains thereabout." 

During the next ten years there were several orders of the 
Court relative to this bridge. One was in 1663, when "the Major 
and the Treasurer were appointed a committee to agree with William 
Barstow to repair the bridge at North River, the charges thereof 
to be levied by rate on the said townships of this government." 

The next year William Barstow gave bonds to the Court, "in 
consideration of the payment to him of twenty pounds, to forth- 


with repair the bridge dud keep it in repair sufficient for the trans- 
portation of passengers, horses and cattle for the full term of 
twenty years." Mr. Barstow died in 1668, and others took up the 
work of repairs. 

We will not further follow the orders relative to the first bridge 
(which was always called Barstow's bridge) but will say a word 
about A^'illiam Barstow, the builder, as we have glimpses of the 
strength and weakness of Jiis character. He was one of four 
brothers who came to 'New England about 1635. Barry says that 
William was "the first settler of whom we have any record on the 
present boundary of Hanover."' He was a large land-owner and 
was often engaged in the business of the Colony. He was high- 
way surveyor for the town of Scituate, this being then the most 
important town office. He was one of the jurors in a murder case, 
and on a committee for laying out lands. Soon after the con- 
struction of the bridge, (in June, 1657) he was authorized by 
the Court "to draw and sell wine, beer, and strong waters for 
passengers that come and go over the bridge he hath lately made 
or others that should have occasion, unless any just "exceptions" 
came in against." These "exceptions" came evidently, as in 1666 
the Court passed an order censuring him for "not keeping an ordin- 
ary fit for the entertainment of strangers." "This ordinary was 
kept by his son Joseph after the death of his father, and in 1684 
he was discharged from "keeping an ordinary at the North Eiver" 
and Joseph Sylvester, the ancestor of the Sylvesters who now live 
near the bridge, was licensed to keep it. 

An interesting episode in the life of William Barstow was his 
apology before tlie Court for slandering the Eev. Charles Chauncy, 
pastor of the Church in Scituate, who afterwards became presi- 
dent of Harvard College. Mr. Barstow had stated publicl}' that 
Mr. Chauncy's utterances were the cause of the death of his bro- 
ther George. He closes the apology by saying "and I desire that 
this sad experience of my aptness to offend God and his people 
may be a motive unto me to set a better watch over my tongue 
in the future." 

Deane thinks the second or cart bridge was constructed in 1682. 
Probably it was a little after this date. While there had been 
previous to 1682 orders relative to such a bridge, it was as late 
as 1683 when the Colony Court passed an order "that, if Scituate, 
Marshfield and Duxborrow shall see cause to build and maintain a 
cart bridge over the North Eiver, near Barstow's bridge, then 
they shall be free from being charged toward the building or main- 
taining any other bridge out of their respective limits." 


This second bridge must have been a tlurable stiaicture, as it 
served its purpose for more than a century and a half, and con- 
tinued of colonial importance; and, as late as ITGf, nearly one 
hundred years after its construction, the town of Hanover chose 
"John Bailey and Nathaniel Sylvester, Agents for the said town, 
to join with Soituate. j\rarsliriekl, Duxhury and Pembroke to 
rt'j)air ISTorth Eiver bridge." 

The Barstow bridge was the first to span an important stream 
ill the Colony; and, for nearly two centuries, the two inexpensive 
wooden structures referred to Avere the only ones to cross the 
river, as Union bridge was not built until 1800, while Little's 
bridge was not constructed until twenty-five years later. 

In 1839, four years after the establishment of the otiice of coun- 
ty commissioner, the Board ordered a stone bridge to be erected 
at a point about one hundred feet easterly of the cart bridge re- 
ferred to, and assessed the county for one-quarter of the expense 
thereof, the towns of Pembroke and Hanover paying the balance 
of the cost. This bridge was about ten feet higher than the 
wooden bridge, and must have been considered a great public im- 

In 1873 the comity commissioners ordered important changes in 
the bridge and highway, increasing the height thereof about five 
feet, and the width about ten feet. This was an unsatisfactor\ 
job and cost something more tliaii one-half as much as the present 
structure. A part of this expense was assessed on the county, 
the balance being paid by the two towns aforesaid. 

In 1903, Nathaniel Morton of Pembroke assumed that as the 
state had assisted Scituate and Marshfield in repairing highways 
and bridges injured by the storm of 1898, she should also assist 
the towns of Pembroke and Hanover in the reconstruction of this 
bridge, which, it was feared, had been weakened by the action of 
the same storm. 

His presentation of the case won the attention of the legis- 
lative committee and an appropriation of $5000 was recommended. 
Eepresentative Bonncy of Scituate and Representative MacCartney 
and Senator Harvell of Pockland gave the matter their earnest 
and favorable consideration and the appropriation Avas granted. 
The county commissioners were instructed to do the work at an 
expense not exceeding $20,000, assessing the cost above the $5000 
aforesaid on the county and such towns therein as shall be espe- 
cially benefited. Early in the year 1904 the commissioners, after 
proper advertising, awarded the contract to Thomas and Connor 


for $15,790. Some slight changes in the contract and some work 
not called for therein, together with the charges of the engineer 
and inspector and the cost of the tablets, carried the cost of the 
completed structure up to about $17,700. 

The present bridge is an arch forty-five feet in length, with 
a span of forty feet and a rise of sixteen and one-half feet. The 
roadway is forty feet wide in the clear, and is four and one-half 
feet higher and ten feet wider than the structure which it super- 
seded. From the foundation to the top of the coping in the deep- 
est place is thirty-three and seven-tenths feet. Nearly one-half 
the retaining wall in cubic yards is imderground. In digging 
for the foundation it was found that the stone work of the old 
bridge was laid on the Hanover side on the hard pan, about eight 
feet below the surface of the adjoining ground, while on the 
Pembroke side it was laid on timbers which rested on the solid 
foundation. The middle pier was laid on a raft of timbers, twenty- 
four in number, treble thickness, dovetailed together. It was an 
impressive moment when the last stone from the middle pier was 
removed and this raft rose gradually from the bed in which it was 
placed seventy-five years before, strong and sound as on the day 
of its submergence. Mr. Connor and two or three others were 
on the raft as it rose and floated away with the tide, Basil S. 
Simmons being the youngest member of the party. Later Dr. 
MacMillan secured it and moored it to his land, where it is to 
remain as a landing for boats. 

The foundation of the bridge on the Hanover side rests on 
ground which was occupied as a ship-yard, and, in digging for 
this foundation, large quantities of the chips made by the car- 
penters were thro\\Ti to the surface. In digging the trench for 
the retaining wall on the Hanover side a good many bricks were 
unearthed — relics of the "Ordinary" referred to, perhaps. 

There are in the retaining walls of the bridge, including the 
belt course, thirty-two hundred and fifty cubic yards of masonry. 
The foundation of the bridge is of concrete and about two hun- 
dred and forty cubic yards of stone were used in the construction 
of the arch. There are about one hundred and thirty-eight cubic 
yards of masonry in the parapet walls and about fifty-seven cubic 
yards in the coping, making about thirty-six hundred and eighty- 
five cubic yards of masonry in the completed structure. About 
fifteen hundred cubic yards of earth were removed for the fill and 
three hundred and twenty-five tons of ci'ushcd stone were used 
in maraflamizins:. 


Work on this bridge was begun about x\pril first and it was 
fully completed about October fifteenth. Two bronze tablets have 
been placed on the top of the parapet over the middle of the 
arch. These tablets weigh about one hundred and thirty pounds 
each, are oval in form, about two feet liigh and three feet long 
and are supported by standards also of bronze. The inscriptions 
on these tablets are as follows: — 



First hridge erected 1656 Inj Wm. Barstow for "foot and horse."' 
The second ''a cart bridge" 16S2. Both hy order of the Colony- 

These were situated 100 ft. above this structure. 
The third bridge built by order of the County Commissioners in 

Replaced by 


Erected by the Commonwealth, County and Towns. 

A. D. 190 Jf. 

Width of span, 4O ft., height above mean low water, 23 ft., 

width of roadway, JfO ft:'' 


Between 1678 and 1871 more than 1000 vessels of from SO to 
470 tons were built. 

Of these, in 1772, Ichahod Thomas constructed the ship Bedford 
and the brig Beaver. The former was the first vessel to display 
the United States flag in foreign ivaters off Trinity, England, 
February 6, 1783. The latter was .one of the famous Tea Ships 
of Boston Harbor. 


mounting 10 guns, built by James Briggs in 1773, ivas the first- 
United States vessel to circumnavigate the globe. In 1792 her 
captain, Robert Gray, discovered the Columbia River and it luas 
from this vessel that the river receivd its name." 

At least twenty-five persons were employed on the structure all 
the time during its construction. The work was laborious and 
dangerous and was performed by men many of whom had at least 
one serious failing — but they wrought with diligence and patience 
and, under skilful guidance to completion. More than once, as- 


the work progressed and the poor fellows struggled silently on, 
the writer found himself repeating these lines of Boyle O'Eiley's: 

"I can feel no pride but pity 

For the burdens the rich endure, 

There is nothing sweet in the city 

But the patient lives of the poor." 
There were many interesting episodes during the progress of 
ihe work, only one of which will be mentioned here. The abut- 
ment wall next to the arch was not pointed for a long time after 
it was laid, and, wliile the Italians were on the staging doing the 
pointing, a little mouse ran along the top of the arch and by the 
side of the abutment, entering an opening in the wall which it 
had selected as its home. The writer, from the ground, tried to 
explain to the workman that this opening must not be pointed; 
but neither language nor motions were understood and the fatal 
•cement went in and mousie's home became its tomb. Then came 
the thought of the horrible Pagan custom, when bridges of this 
kind were built, of walling in one or more living persons, to make 
-sure that the work "would not fall down." The pity of it all ! 

"Bu,t, mousie, thou art no thy lane, 

In proving foresight may be vain; 

The best laid schemes o' mice and men, 
Gang aft a-gley. 

An' lea'e us nought but grief and pain, 
For promis'd joy." 
To those of us who view the scene from the bridge or from the 
eminence on either side, enraptured with its picturesque beauty, 
liow the imagination quickens as we think of the centuries that this 
fair picture — fairer then than now — lay unfolded but hidden save 
from savage view. 

Who was the first white man — the first woman — to seek this 
crossing? What was his purpose and what her emotions? What 
would we give to know ! 

Mr. Eben C. Waterman of the Hanover Selectmen said witli 
marked effect, before the legislative committee, that Daniel 
W'^ebster always paused in admiration as he crossed this stream. 

In the progress of our civilization, the former structures have 
'one after another been discarded. Prophetic pencil fails to write 
when this too will pass away ; but the writer as the work has pro- 
gressed, has looked forward to a time so remote that all persons 
now living, and all other structures now standing in the commu- 
nity are gone and forgotten : yet mellowed by age, this bridge still 


endures, and he has dreamed that even then okl men and maidens- 
will, as they too pause in admiration of the view on either sidcv 
give a thought of reverence to the work and to llie nameless work- 

The letter from Mr. Simmons and that of ^Ir. Perkins whiciii 
follow here, are given as being so characteristic of the writers 
and more especially in tender memory of the two who have ^<}- 
recently passed to the unknown. 

"Assinippi, Nov. 14, '04. 
My dear Mr. Dwelley: — 

I am just in receipt of your very interesting and valuable sketch 
of North Eiver Bridge. I have read it with interest. It is like- 
you, carefully accurate and painstaking and closes with a beauti- 
ful little "dream" which would mark its authorship if nothing else 

You can't help being a good deal of a poet. If you had been 
born in Italy instead of Massachusetts, your lips would have 
broken the seal that Yankeedom has placed on them — and youi 
would have sung. 

Yours truly, 


■'"Eockland, Mass., 

Nov. 31, 1904.. 
My Dear Mr. Dwelley: — 

Your article in last week's Standard concerning North River 
bridge was most interesting, and, including the cut, should be 
reproduced in the forthcoming history of Hanover. Especially 
should the pathetic fate of the poor little mouse have a place in 
the annals of the town. 

Thanking you for your communication, as though written solely 
for me, I remain 

Sincerely yours, 




Public Buildings. Old Houses 
By Jedediah Dwelley. 

PUBLIC buildings. . 

We give very briefly here the history of the public buildings in 
the town. 

For one hundred years after the incorporation, the town meet- 
ings were held in the meeting house at the Center. 

In 1836, the town chose a committee consisting of Melzar Cur- 
tis, Edward Curtis and Ebenezer Simmons, to construct a town 
house, the building to be "31 feet wide, 39 feet long and 11 feet 
between joints." Joshua Dwelley, Jr., was employed to do the 

In 1837 it was voted to erect permanent seats in this bmlding 
and in 1844 it was "voted that the Selectmen purchase a stove 
and build a chimney in the town house.'' Up to tliis time it had 
not been heated. 

This building stood on the Parish land about ten feet west of 
the meeting house and is more fully described under the chapter 
on town meetings. 

In 18G3, the present to^\^l house, 6Ux40 feet, was constructed 
by S. iSTathan Turner and in 1893 it was enlarged with additions 
made under plans and specifications prepared by J. W. Beal, archi- 

A description of the library building is given in a separate 
article, relating solely thereto. 

A few words regarding the past and present school houses, be- 
ginning with those on Main street: 

In 1748, the town voted to have a movable school and one of 
the places selected was near the dwelling house of Benjamin Stet- 
son, now owned and occupied by John S. Smith. 

About this time a school building was constructed and this 
served its purpose until about 1775 when a new building wa8 


erected near the brook on tlie west side of Main street, nearly oppo- 
site where stands the house of the late Benjamin \V. Bailey. 

This building was abandoned as a school house about 1835, and 
one erected on the west side of said street, between Webster and 
Walnut streets. The growth of the village very soon demanded 
a larger building and, in 1854, one was erected on the corner of 
Main and Webster streets. The earlier building was sold, re- 
moved and converted into a store by Mr. John S. Brooks. 

The present building, known as the Curtis school building, was 
erected in 1896 and the one built in 185-1 was abandoned for 
school purposes. 

About 1836 a school house was erected on the east side of Main 
street, a few rods southwest of the house of Arthur W. Bailey. 
This was used for twenty years, when it was sold to Martin S. 
Bates; removed to Silver street, and converted into a dwelling 
house. Later this house was sold and removed to Liberty street, 
Eockland, where it still stands, near the cemeter}^ a very pretty 
cottage house. 

In 1854 a new house was constructed just east of the one last 
named and this was used until the Curtis school building, named 
above, was constructed. This Curtis school was named in honor 
of Mr. John Curtis, who gave to the town the land on which the 
building stands, as well as the pictures which adorn the walls of 
the school rooms. 

In the northwest part of the town there have been three school 
houses, all situated on the site of the present one, which was 
erected in 1879. The first building here must have been built 
previous to 1800. 

In the southwest part of the town there was, as early as 1748, 
'■'a new school house at Silvanus Wing's." Probably this was on 
School street, or on Circuit street, near School street. As early 
as 1810 this school house was situated on School street, nearly 
opposite the house of William F. Stetson. This location was oc- 
cupied by school houses (the last being built about 1845), until 
1889, when the present primary and grammar school house near 
the northerly end of King street was constructed. 

In the nortlieast part of the town there have been at least three 
school houses; the first one standing on the east side of Washington 
street, north of and near the dwelling house so long owned and 
occupied by Daniel Chapman, the last one standing on the west side 
of said street, where now stands the house of William B. Adams — 
said school hou^jc having been remodelled into a dwelling house. The 


first of the three schools here was erected before 1800, perhaps as 
early as 1772, and the last one about 1854. At the present time the 
Union Hall building, o^vned by Charles H. Killam and Herbert 
L. Curtis is used by the town for its school in this place. 

There is no record of any school house at South Hanover pre- 
vious to 1772 but there ]nust have been one soon after that date. 
The school house or houses here previous to 1854 stood on a hill 
just opposite the house of Irving W. Kingman on Myrtle street. 
About 1853 a new school house was built just south of Mr. King- 
man's residence and, when the Hanover Branch Railroad was 
constructed, in 1867, this building was removed to its piesent lo- 
cation on Broadway. 

Very soon after the incorporation of the town a school house 
was erected near what was called the Centre. Just where this 
stood is uncertain but it was probably near the meeting house. 
A later house stood on Center street. The house constructed 
soon after 1820 stood on the spot where now stands the house 
of Turner Stetson. This was abandoned about 1853 when the 
present school building was constructed. 

There must have been three school houses at the Four Corners 
before the purchase of the Academy building by the tov»'n in 1900, 
since which date this has been used for the primary and grammar 

It is probable that all the buildings occupied the same site ou 
Broadway. The last of the three was constructed in 1859, the school 
house yard being then enlarged. This last-named building was 
converted into a dwelling house by Mary E. and Sarah J. Flaveil 
and is now owned by them. 

The old school houses of a hundred years ago ! How small 
and barren they were ! Without paint and without adornment, 
yet for how much they stood. When the boys and girls left them, 
at an early age, they had finished their education except such as 
the trials of the world conld give. 

"Poor old school house, long since become scattered ashes!" 
"Poor little tired backs with nothing to lean against!" "Poor 
little bare feet that could hardly reach the floor!" "Poor little 
droop headed figures, so sleepy in the long summer days, so afraid 
to fall asleep !" "Long, long since, little children of the past, 
your backs have become straight enough, measured on the same 
cool bed; sooner or later your feet, wherever wandering, have 
found their resting-places in the soft earth; and all your drooping 
heads have gone to sleep on the same dreamless pillow and there 

TKNTER HANt»\l,i, ,i;lAi\l,-» .^<||,HiL, KKKCTKl) SOOM AFTER 1851) 

i "^^ 





f -Mi''' 







are sleeping." '^41111 the young school teachers who seemed ex- 
empt from frailty while they guarded like sentinels those lone out- 
posts of the alphahet, they too have long since joined the choir 
invisible of the mortal dead." ''But there is something left of 
them though a century has passed away : something that has wan- 
dered far down the course of time to us like the faint summer 
fragrance of a young tree long since fallen dead in its wintered 
forest — like an old melody, surviving on and on in the air without 
any instrument, without any strings." 

The North Eiver Lodge, Independent Order of Odd Fellows, 
was instituted in 1874. In 1888 they erected a two story Lodge- 
Eoom building which stands on Broadway, near the end of Church 

The Phoneix Lodge of Free and Accepted Masons was instituted 
March 11th, 1874, and is located in the Phoenix building at the 
Four Corners, on Broadway, erected by the Phoenix Building Asso- 
ciation in 1899, upon the site of the store building of J. B. Bates 
& Company, which was destroyed by .an explosion on the 11th day 
of November, 1898. The fire following this explosion caused the 
death of four of Hanover's most worthy citizens. 

The AVest Hanover Library Association building stands near 
the West Hanover station of the Hanover Branch Eailroad. This 
was erected in 1888 and is occupied as a library and as a public 

Joseph E. Wilder Post 83, G. A. E., was organized in 1869 and 
the Woman's Eelief Corps in 1891. Both of the organizations 
hold their meetings in the town hall in rooms prepared for them. 

In 1910 the North Hanover Fire Company purchased of Joseph 
E. Stoddard the building on Webster street, formerly occupied 
as a shoe stitching factory and converted the same into a Chemical 
Engine House. This building is fully equipped with wagon, lad- 
ders and chemicals. 

In 1908 the Firemen's Association of Hanover Four Corners 
and vicinity erected on Broadway, near the end of Church street, a 
two story building for the storage of its apparatus. This building .is 
also fully equipped with wagons, ladders and chemicals. Both of 
these Chemical houses have a spacious hall on the second floor. 



This space is devoted to a description of some of the old houses 
in the town. A few of the more modern ones are also described 
but, in this latter case, only when the house occupies the same site 
as a previous one whose history it seems proper to observe. 

The subject has been an interesting one to the writer and is 
presented with the hope that it may prove so to some at least of 
the readers. Lack of space forbids notice of a larger number al- 
though a history of nearly double the number given, was prepared. 

There is no house in the town a hundred years old but has an 
interesting history. Few perhaps of the dwellers in the older 
houses know who constructed them or who were their earlier oc- 
cupants : 

"We have no title deeds to house or lands; 

Owners and occupants of earlier dates 
From graves forgotten stretch their dusty hands 

And hold in Mortmain still their old Estates." 

Quite a number of the houses described herein have been so re- 
modelled and enlarged as to be hardly typical of the date given. 
The most of them, however, are but little changed. Mistakes have 
doubtless been made and some of them will be discovered but the 
writer with his assistant gave many weeks of painstaking work to 
this subject. 

The dwelling house now owned and occupied by Eev. William H. 
Dowden, on Hanover street, was constructed as early as 1716, 
probably by Samuel Stetson, called on the records "Drummer 
Stetson," a grandson of Cornet Robert Stetson. 

Samuel married in 1719, when he was forty years old and lived 
and died here. Bai'ry says that "he was a somewhat noted man in 
his day, his house being a tavern stand and a famous place of 
resort." Religious meetings were held here before the construction 
of the first meeting house. 

Turner Stetson, who was Selectman for twenty-seven years, was 
born here as were the nineteen children of Samuel Stetson who 
died in 1859. 

Several liouses in the town constructed near the date of its in- 
corporation resemble this one. We can have little conception of 
the manual labor required in their erection, as machinery played 
little part in the construction of that date. 

The house of Andrew T. Damon, on Hanover street, was con- 


structed probably as early as 1740. In 1756, it was owned and 
occupied by Joshua Staples, who died in 1770; and, in 1780, his 
widow sold it to Luther Eobbins. The latter, in 1786, conveyed 
it to Eev. John Mellen and it was occupied as a parsonage for 
nearly three quarters of a century; Mr. Damon purchasing it of 
the shareholders, on the retirement of Eev. Abel G. Duncan. All 
the clergymen who resided here were men of ability, as will be noted 
in another chapter. 

Parkman, the historian, refers to a prophetic sermon preached 
by Mr. Mellen, in 1760, on the Conquest of Canada, in which he 
said — "This event, the capture of Quebec, will quicken life on this 
continent and, within a century, sixty million people will inhabit 
this country." 

Eev. Mr. Chapin for quite a long time kept a private school for 
young ladies in this house. The mother of the writer relates the 
following incident : — Mr. Chapin, who was a very neat man, pre- 
pared some paths to the house. The young ladies were careless 
and romped over the la^vn. Mr. Chapin then posted the notice: 
^'Ladies will please keep the path." The night of the posting, 
there was a heavy rain and in the morning the paths were filled 
with water. The young ladies obeyed instructions and all marched 
into the school room with very wet feet, greatly to the annoyance 
of Mr. Chapin. 

The large elm is as old as the house by which it stands. 

The dwelling house of Henry E. Chamberlin was probably con- 
structed about 1727 by David Torrey. Doubtless it has been en- 
larged. Mr. Torrey lived here for several years, when he sold it to 
Thomas Eose, and it continued in the ownership and occupancy 
of the Eose family, until the death of Charles Eose in 1884, when 
it was devised to Mr. Chamberlin, tlie present owner. Thomas 
Eose was for a long time Selectman and his son Timothy was an 
officer in the Eevolution. Seth, Charles, Lucy, and Eliza Eose all 
lived here for many years and all died unmarried. Seth Eose's 
tannery, which was a short distance from this bouse, closed with 
bis death and was probably the largest in "output" of any ever 
in the town. 

The house of Bernard Damon, on Hanover street, where his fa- 
ther Thomas Damon lived and died, was probably constructed by 
Edward Briscoe about 1727. The land on which the house stands 
was early known as Briscoe's Plain. Eebecca Briscoe, a daugbter 


of Edward, married Nathaniel Stetson in 1737 and the house was 
for a long time owned by the Stetson family, Mr. Thomas Damon, 
the father of the present owner purchasing it in his young man- 
hood. Edward Brisco moved to North Carolina. 

The fulling mill, which stood in Pembroke near the Curtis 
Forge, was moved here and constitutes the ell of the house. 

The Baldwin house, on Hanover street, though in a battered 
condition* deserves mention. It was constructed in 1759 by the 
First Parish and presented to Rev. Samuel Baldwin in accordance 
with the terms of the agreement he made with the parish, before 
he would accept their call to become the pastor. Mr. Baldwin lived 
his life in this house. He was greatly beloved and, on his death, 
the town voted to erect monuments to mark the graves of himself 
and wife. After his death, the house was occupied by different per- 
sons. Mr. Seth Stetson lived here while he was postmaster and to 
this house the people in the north part of the to\\Ti went weekly for 
their mail. 

It is now occupied by several families and is known as the ''Bee 
Hive". A house so well built, so historic, and occupying such an 
excellent position, should be preserved. After Mr. Baldwin's death 
this house was owned and occupied for a time by Robert Salmond. 
He sold the same to Caleb Marsh, the physician, in 1794. 
Note : Since writing the above, the house has been burned. Mr. 
Charles L. Gleason photographed it while burning and, with his 
permission, copies are given. 

"The Lone House in Cricket Hole" (one story with large chim- 
ney) is one of the oldest houses in the town. It was for a long 
time owned by Robert Sylvester and now by his son, tlie present 
Robert. By virtue of their care, it still stands as a memorial. 
Probably no way was ever laid out to this house but for more than 
one hundred and twenty-five years the "cart path" as it is called, 
leading from Washington street near the house of the late Martin 
Church to the tack factory of Samuel Salmond & Son, was used 
as a public way. 

This house for a long time was known as the Palmer place and 
was for many years in its earlier history owned and occupied by 
the Donnells. It was for several years occupied by the French 
Neutrals who were assigned to Hanover, when the English Govern- 
ment scattered this unfortunate people. Peter Trahan, one of the 
Neutrals, in passing through Hanover, found a silver watch near 


this house and, as "under the law of his country he was required 
to do," he left it with his country-men living here. There seems 
to have been no attempt to conceal and when the rightful owner 
was ascertained, he was notified b}' Peters' brother where he would 
fmd the watch. The owner, however, had Peter arrested and he 
was thrown into prison and, after four days, was released on his 
gi\ing the owner of the watch his note for fifty pounds. lie finally 
appealed to the council, however, and was cleared of the charge of 
theft and released from the pa}Tnent of the note. 

The house on Washington street owned and occupied by Mr. 
Frederick W. Hall must have been built as early as 1748 by Hench- 
man Sylvester, who died in 1758 without children. After the 
death of Henchman, his brother Edmund, who married a daughter 
of Rev. Benjamin Bass, resided here. He died in 1783 and the 
property came into the possession and occupancy of his son Belcher 
Sylvester, a cabinet maker, who lived unmarried and died in this 
house in 1849, aged eighty-six years. Mr. Hall, who has for many 
years been a successful teacher in Boston, purchased the house 
quite recently and occupies the same as a smnmer residence. 

This house was constructed in part from the materials of a 
larger house which stood near the present site and was owned by 
the William Barstows, father and son. This original house was 
owned at his death in 1719 by William Barstow, the son of the first 
William, who devised it to his son William. The old house was 
standing in 1738. when it was sold to Amos Sylvester, the father 
of Henchman. The old barn that stood on this place was destroyed 
by fire. 

The long house at Hanover Four Corners, corner of Washington 
and Church streets, was probably built in 1810 as, on that date, 
Joseph Eells sold to Jotham Cushman of Halifax the lot of land 
on which the house stands; there being a reservation in the deed 
that no meeting house should be constructed on the lot. Mr. 
Cushman was a lawyer and evidently became embarrassed before 
the house was completed and it passed into the hands of Sylvanus 
Lazell. Presumably Mr. Cushman had an interest in the house 
and probably occupied it, as in 1818, after his death, his widow 
was allowed her third. It is doubtful if Mr. Cushman practised 
law after his removal to Hanover. 

Soon after the death of Mr. Cushman, the house came into pos- 
M-sion of the Turner family. 


Mrs. Warren, the widow of Dr. Ira Warren, lived here for many 
years, as did her mother Deborah Stockbridge, both living to be 
more than ninety years old. 

The Stetson house, on Broadway, near the end of Barden street, 
was built by Capt. Joseph Josselyn, probably about 1726. There 
is conclusive proof that Capt. Josselyn lived here in 1758. He 
was part owner of the Anchor Forge on Elm street and died 
leaving no children. After his death, in 1788 or 1789, the house 
passed into the ownership of Albert Smith, who made it his home. 
Three of his children were Eear Admiral Joseph Smith; Hon. 
Albert Smith, M. C, and Mrs. Samuel Salmond, the wife of Sam- 
uel Salmond. In 1814, Joseph Smith conveyed the property to 
a relative, Edward Stetson, and he in 1882 conveyed it to his son 
Martin W. Stetson, an ingenious mechanic and an honest man. 
It is now owned by Mrs. Euth W. Damon, a daughter of Martin W. 
aforesaid and the wife of Daniel E. Damon, for a long time Regis- 
ter of Probate. 

The house on Elm street, near Broadway, now owned by L. 
Vernon Briggs, M. D., was probably built by Abner Dwelley, 
about 1724, as on that date his father-in-law, William Witherell, 
conveyed the land to him. Abner Dwelley died in 1732 by falling 
from a load of hay, his wife having predeceased him. He left one 
son, William. In his will, which was a verbal one, he left "to the 
widow Barstow enough to purchase a mourning gown." 

For a long time, this property was owned and occupied by the 
Eells family, Hannah Eells being a daughter of William Witherell. 

Alexander Wood, the lawyer, lived here for a while and quaint 
Joshua Stetson resided here for many years preceding his death. 

The last owner and occupant, previous to its purchase by Doctor 
Briggs, was George W. Griffin. 

The cottage house on Broadway near the Corners, owned by J. 
Williams Beal, the architect, is perhaps the oldest in the town. 
In January 1693-4 it was owned by Daniel Turner, a ship builder, 
and, on that date, he sold the same to his son Eliab Turner and, 
in 1717, Lazarus Turner conveyed the same to William Witherell, 
our first town clerk. In 1719, Sarah Turner, a sister of Lazarus, 
conveyed to William Witherell all her share in the above-named 
property and in said deed she speaks of the same as having be- 
longed to her father Eliab. 

William Witherell lived in this house during his long term as 


town clerk and afterwards it was occupied by members of tlie Eells 
family, by Doctor Pratt, by John Young, and others. Joseph C. 
Stockbridge owned and lived in the house for a long time previous 
to his death which occurred in 1860. 

When this house was erected, the highway was on the south side 
thereof. This highway was laid out in 1703. 

Abner Turner, who owned the house which stood near the 
round house of the railroad, was probably a son of the Daniel 
above named. The well which belonged with this latter house is 
still plainly marked. 

The house now owned and occupied by Euth J. Stetson and 
others, on Washington street, just east of the Four Comers, was 
constructed by Benjamin Stockbridge. The building was at first 
occupied in part as a store and, later, as a wheelwright shop and 
saddle-trees were made here. 

There was at one time a public hall in this building and old 
persons well remember the dances here and describe where the 
musicians sat, near the chimney, in a plac-e prepared for them. 

The children of Benjamin Stockbridge were born in this house 
and the family of his brother David at one time resided here. 

The large two-story house known as the Broad Oak Farm, on 
the corner of Elm street and Broadway, now owned by L. Vernon 
Briggs, M. D., was constructed in 1799 by Col. John B. Barstow. 
Mr. Barstow was a man of distinction, — was engaged in farming 
and shipbuilding, — held many offices both civil and military and 
died at the advanced age of 90. He had nine children, the first 
seven of whom were born in a house which stood farther south 
on Elm street, being the house in which his uncle George at one 
time resided. 

Broad Oak Farm was owned at the time of his death, by 
Benjamin B. Torrey, a grandson of Colonel Barstow. Mr. 
Torrey was for many years treasurer of the Boston and Providence 
B. E. and later of the Old Colony Eailroad. He was at the time 
of his death, and for many years previous thereto had been, treas- 
urer of the Xew England Historic Genealogical Society. Dr. 
Briggs, Avho has distinguished himself along many lines, now oc- 
cupies it as a summer residence. 

The two-story house on the corner of Oakland avenue and Broad- 
way was erected by Eev. J. Cooper, the materials from the Epis- 
copal church at Chureli Hill being used in its construction. This 


house took the jilace of an earlier house on the same site. Mr. 
Cooper first resided here, — ^then Eev. Calvin AYolcott, and then Dr. 
Jacob Eichards, who married Mr. Wolcott's daughter. Capt. Will- 
iam Barstow owned and occupied the premises for a time. 

The later owners and occupants have been Hon. Aaron Hobart, 
Member of Congress and Judge of Probate, and the following 
physicians : Jacob Eichards, J. B. Forbes, Benjamin Whitwell, 
Alfred C. Garratt, John 0. French, and Nathaniel L. Downs. 

The family of James Tolman has occupied it for twenty years 
or more. Few houses of its age have sheltered permanently so 
many professional men. 

The two-story house on Washington street near the end of Oak- 
land avenue was probably built, about 1773, by Eobert Sylvester. 
There is little doubt that this supplanted a much older house, 
probably built very early by the first William Barstow or one of his 
sons. After Eobert Sylvester's death, about 1798, the house was 
owned and occupied by John Bailey, the quaker preacher and 
clock-maker. After his death, it was occupied by his son John, a 
quaker and a watch and clock-maker. This John removed to New 

Captain Edward Barstow married Amy, the quaker preacher's 
daughter and lived here and after his death she married Captain 
William Dawes, the son of Eev. Ebenezer Dawes, who lived here 
many years previous to his death. 

Capt. Edward Barstow, a son of the Capt. Edward above named, 
lived here for many years and the house is still owned and occu- 
pied by his family. 

The large two-story house on the east side of Washington street 
near North river was constructed by E. Q. Sylvester in 1850 and 
it is now occupied by Mrs. Sylvester and her son Edmund Q., the 
architect of the John Curtis Free Library building. 

This house occu])ies the site of the one in which Joseph Stock- 
bridge, his son David Stockbridge, and his grandson David, resided 
for nearly one hundred years. The original house was two-stories 
high and very similar to the '"'Broad Oak Farm" house of Dr. 
Briggs', and was probably constructed in whole or in part by Moses 
Simmons, wlio died in the Expedition to Canada, about 1690. The 
land on which the house stands was OAVTied by the first William 
Barstow and was by him conveyed to Mr. Simmons, who married 
Mr. Barstow's daughter Patience. Deacon Joseph Stockbridge, who 


^S I 

Hlii»\|/ o\lv I'AH.M. I,. \l.;i;.\(>\ IlKKlGS 

KKSIIIKNCK OF i;i)\\ Alii) M. S\Vi;i:\V. KI.M STIil'.KT 

RESIDKNOE OF SAMliEf. H. CillKCn. Mil, I- S'ntl'.KT 



was then of Duxbury, purchased this property in 1702 and resided 
here until IMS, during a part oi' which time he served as Selectman 
of Hanover. In 1T48 he sold the property to his son Da\dd and 
removed to Pembroke, in ^\hich town he died at the age of one 
hundred years. 

David Stockbridge was prominent in public affairs, a Justice of 
the Peace under King George, Town Clerk of Hanover for thirty 
years and Eepresentative for inany years. The son David was 
also Town Clerk and Eepresentative, as well as Selectman and State 

For a while after the death of the second David, tlie house was 
rented, among the tenants being the Rev. Cyrus Holmes who was 
for many years principal of Hanover Academy. 

The house occupies a commanding position near the border of 
the North river and the view therefrom is delightful. 

The dwelling house on Water street now owned by Eodolphus 
C. Waterman, was owned by Nathaniel Josselyn, before the town 
■\vas incorporated. 

Nathaniel married in 1711, had four children, and died before 
1(28, as during that year his widow Frances, as administratrix, 
sold the house to Joseph Smith and James Torrey. In 1730 Joseph 
Smith conveyed his interest to James Torrey. 

Nathaniel Josselyn probably settled here on account of the water 
privilege, his connection with this privilege being stated in the 
proper place. This house was o^vned by different persons who were 
connected with the mills. Mr. Charles Dyer, for many years 
Selectman, o^\^led and occupied the house during his life-time and 
here his children were born. 

The house for the first one hundred and fifty years of its exist- 
ence, occupied a sequestered, picturesque spot, with no other dwel- 
lings within a half mile th'ereof. The two companion houses of 
AMlliam E. Waterman and Henry C. Waterman now overlook it. 

The house now o^vned by the Lot Phillips and Company Corpo- 
ration, situated a little back from Plain street, was constructed 
by Zaccheus Estes about 1808. A smaller house, which had, for 
three generations of Estes, been a home, was then abandoned for 
tb.e more pretentious house, thf)ugh this old house did duty as 
a storehouse and workshop until within a few years, when it was 

Zaccheus died in 1882, the oldest person in tlie town, and his 
widow died in 1883, she then being the oldest person in the town. 


So that both were crowned with a distinction that comes to few and 
is of short duration. Mrs. Estes was the last of the quakers in 
the town to use "thee," "thou" and "thine" in her common speech. 
She was a saintly woman. 

Matthew Estes, the ancestor of Zaccheus, settled on this spot in 
1720 and for more than a century and a half it was the home of 
honest, industrious, ingenious quakers. Two generations were 
saddle-tree makers. Sarah, the daughter of Matthew was born 
here. She liberated her slave and a copy of the freedom papers 
is given under the family record of said Matthew. 

The house on King street now owned and occupied by Mrs. Saba 
D. Church was constructed in 1792, by Capt. Daniel Barstow, who 
died here in 1842, aged ninety-eight years. He was a son of Dea- 
con Samuel Barstow, who during the last of his life resided with 
Daniel, dying in 1801, aged ninety-three years. Daniels' son Dan- 
iel lived in this house and died in 1861, aged 86 years. Samuel, 
the son of this last-named Daniel, spent his life here and, after 
the death of his wife, the property came into the possession and 
occupancy of Mrs. Church. Like most of the old houses in the 
town, of that time, the fire place was wide enough to take a four 
foot log and gave ample space for the children in the <chimney 

The first Samuel named above lived in a house which stood a 
few hundred feet west of the one described. This house was built 
before 1731, probably by Deacon Joseph Stockbridge, the father- 
in-law of Samuel aforesaid and was taken down when the present 
house was constructed. Samuel Barstow's wife was a niece of 
Benjamin Stockbridge, the eminent physician, and he, at his death, 
owned three hundred and twenty-five acres of land in one lot, 
which embraced the present farm of Mrs. Church. Dr. Stock- 
bridge had two daughters, one the wife of Dr. Otis Winslow, tlie 
other the wife of Joseph Gushing, who afterward became Judge of 
Probate. Mr. and Mrs. Gushing sold to Daniel Barstow their one 
half of this property. 

A clock made by Calvin Bailey and purchased in 1792 still stands 
where it was placed wlicn this house was constructed and is still 
an excellent time-keeper. 

The house on Circuit street now owned and occupied by Judson 
Studley and wife was, in 1761, owned and occupied by Jeremiah 
Hatch and was probably constructed a long time before this by James 


Hatch, a son of the first Selectman, James Hatch. In 17(51, Jere- 
miah sold the property to Joseph House, Jr., a shipwright, and, 
in 1769, Joseph conveyed it to Jacob Bailey, the latter conveying- 
the same to his daughter Riith Bailey in 1770. This Ruth Bailey 
married George Sterling of England in 1788 and he died in 1791. 
The house for a long time was known as the "Sterling House", 
The stone on the grave of Mr. Sterling in the cemetery at tha 
Center has this sad and curious inscription : "I have strayed from 
my native friends and from my interests two, — To lay my body in 
this distance land, all contrary to my mind." 

After the Sterlings, the property was owned by Ezekiel Bailey, 
Isaiah Wing, Jr., and Reuben Estes, the latter in 1826 conveying 
it to Charles Winslow, who lived his life here, his wife dying in 
1905, the oldest person in town, aged 96. Mrs. Judson Studley 
is a daughter of Charles Winslow, so that for more than eighty 
years this place has been a family homestead. 

The house on Whiting street now owned by Walter Whiting was 
constructed by his father about 1840. This house took the place 
of one which was built about 1748 by Walters' great grandfather, 
William Whiting, who was one of the first settlers on Whiting 
street. This property descended from the first William to his son 
William and on the decease of the latter to his son William, both of 
these last two named persons serving the town as Selectmen. So 
that for more than one hundred and fifty years this property was 
owned and occupied by the WTiiting family. 

The last occupant by the name of Whiting was Miss Tryphena,. 
who spent a long and useful life as school teacher in Missouri and 
in her native town. She was also for many years a member of the 
School Committee of Hanover. 

The original house was of one story, faced the south and stood 
just back of the present house. The great grandmother of Miss 
Tryphena said she had stood in her door yard and watched the- 
Avolves in the field near by. 

The long house on Pleasant street, near Cedar street, was prob- 
ably constructed by Joseph Curtis, about 1740. He purchased the 
land on which it stands of Thomas Wilkes, about 1738. Timothy 
Bailey must have had a house near this spot previous to 1730, 
possibly this one. Mention is made of Joseph Curtis in the de- 
scription of the house on Union street. He died in 17.53. In 1757, 
Joseph, the son of the above Joseph, sold the house to Marlbry 


Turner, who married his sister and, in 1794, Marlbr}^ Turner sold 
at to John Bailey. This John Bailey had a wide reputation as a 
meohanic. He was a maker of compasses and constructed the large 
•eight-day clock which now, after the lapse of more than one hun- 
dred years, commands such a high price. He also invented a 
•steam-jack for turning meat, roasting before the open fire, on which 
he obtained a patent. This is said to be the first patent issued 
in America for a machine to go by steam. The patent, which was 
•dated February 23, 1793, is signed ''George Washington, President, 
By Thomas Jefferson". 

Mr. Bailey also invented machinery for revolving lights for light 
houses; also the first spinning- jenney made in Ehode Island. In 
addition to his ability as a mechanic, he became quite noted as a 
-quaker preacher and his daughter Mary Newall was still more distin- 
guished as a preacher. Channing said of her that he never knew 
a mind so gifted that owed so little to other minds. She lived her 
girlhood life in this house. 

In 1802 John Bailey sold this house to Zaccheus Estes, a Qua- 
ker and a natural mechanic. The house was occupied for more 
ihan 75 years by the Estes family and is now owned and occupied 
;by Ada A. Campbell. 

The house on Pleasant street now owned by Ezekiel B. Studley 
was constructed in 1805 and stands on the same spot as a large 
iwo-story house which was burned June 17th of the same year. 
This fire followed the October gale of 1804 and the fallen trees 
were gathered and hewn and the frame work of the new house 
raised in one week after the fire. This work was done by the neigh- 
Tjors, who gave united effort and, in the absence of insurance, 
helped to bear the burden. The old house was probably constructed 
about 1740, by Joseph Curtis, Avho was known as Governor Curtis, 
and was first occupied by the Studleys in 1769 when Eliab took 
possession of it. Eliab and his son Japhet both lived here and both 
liad large families. Mr. David Studley was born in the old house 
but lived in the present one from the time of its construction 
until the date of his death, in 1873, at the age of ninety years. 
He was an intelligent, unassuming man of natural mechanical 
ability. He was a clock-maker, having learned his trade of John 
Bailey the quaker preacher. Five of his eight sons were watch- 
makers or jewellers, and all had a good reputation for skill in their 
I)rofession. Three of the eight sons were Bepresentatives to the 
■General Court. Ezekiel E. the youngest of the sons has served 


the town of Rockland as its eflScient Town Clerk since the incor- 
poration of the same. 

The large two-stor}' house on Main street nntil recently occupied 
by Miss Lydia Vining, was constructed, before ] Too, by Jesse Cur- 
tis (or possibly by his unmarried brother Richard) and Jesse lived 
here until his death, in 1759. The house was occupied by members 
of the family until 1800 or later. This house vv'as occupied for 
many years by Rev. John Butler of the Baptist Church, during his 
pastorate from 1810 to 1824; and, of his fourteen children, nine- 
were born in Hanover. Judson Vining, the father of Lydia, occu- 
pied the house for many years, until his death. Miss Lydia 
Vining is now rounding out a sympathetic, useful life. 

The house now occupied by Nathan G. Whiting was constructed, 
probably about the same date as the above, by a member of tlie 
Curtis family; the laud on which the house stands having been as- 
signed to the widow of Jesse in the division of his estate. 

The house on Main street now occupied by Horace S. Crane has 
been owned and occupied by Curtis Brooks and his descendants for 
nearly one hundred and twenty years, and is one of the few houses 
with such a long, continuous family occupancy. 

Barry says that this house was built by Curtis Brooks, about 
1790. He may be correct; but the probabilities are that it was 
constructed by Samuel Curtis at a much earlier date, as he was 
owner of the land on which it stands in 1725, when he with others 
constructed the mill just west thereof. This house is a good model 
of the earlier houses with the large chimney plastered on the out- 
side. The first two children of Curtis Brooks (born here) were 
twins, and the third and fourth were also twins. Three of the 
sons of Curtis Brooks were deacons of Baptist churches, — Thomas, 
of the one at Tremont, Illinois; Ara, of one in Richmond, Maine; 
and John, for a long time of the one in Hanover. 

The house at Assinippi for so long a time owned and occupied by 
Robert L. Killam was constructed, about 1759, by David Jacobs, 
one of the first settlers in that part of Assinippi now Hanover. 
This house was for many years used as a tavern. 

Mr. Jacobs was Selectman, a member of the Committee of Safety 
in the Revolution and, for several 3^ears, Representative. He died 
in 1808, and his son Perez, the father of a large family, resided 
here until his death in 1828. 


Eev. Eobert L. Killaiii purchased the house about 1830, and here 
he resided until his death. He was for many years pastor of the 
€hurch in the village, — a member of the school committee, and 
always helpful and kind. After his death the house was occupied 
by his son, Eobert W., a merchant in the village, who inherited and 
cultivated the same amiable traits which distinguished his father. 
The house is now owned by Edwin H. Eumsey. 

The house of John F. Simmons on Washington street was con- 
structed about 1750, and was probably first occupied by an Otis. 
David Jacobs succeeded Mr. Otis, and his daughter, Eelief Jacobs, 
was the mother of Hon. Charles Sumner, Senator from Massa- 
chusetts. An older sister, Hannah, was living, at the time of the 
Senator's death, with Mrs. Blanchard, at Assinippi. She died in 
1900, aged 94. 

David Jacobs sold the house to Ebenezer Simmons, and the latter 
enlarged it, making it two stories instead of one. 

Ebenezer, a man of affairs, kept a store in the ell of the house, — 
and here dwelt Perez Simmons and his son, John P. Simmons, and 
here, attached to the house, was their law office. 

In this house have dwelt, for longer or shorter periods, five gen- 
erations of the Simmons family. 

Mr. John P. Simmons adds the following regarding the first 
Simmons who settled in the vicinity of this house : — "The old Sim- 
mons homestead where Ebenezer was born stood about half a mile 
south from this house on the east side of Washington street, where 
the late Daniel Chapman formerly resided. The old house was 
two stories high at the south end, and an ell extended northerly 
therefrom. It was demolished and the present house built partly 
on its site. Here lived Elisha Simmons, Ebenezer's father, and 
here his children were born (ten in all). Elisha was a black- 
smith. His shop stood just south from the house between the two 
large ash trees which still stand there. Elisha's oldest child was 
William, a graduate of Harvard in the class of 1804, and one of the 
first Judges of the Police (now Municipal) Court of Boston. His 
son George was a Unitarian clergyman, who was obliged to leave 
his pastorate in the South on account of his very pronounced views 
on African slavery. George left three children, Elizabeth, now 
living with her mother at Cambridge, Mass.; Doctor William, a 
physician in Bangor, Maine, and Edward, an artist, who painted 
''The Eeturn of the Plags" and "The Battle of Concord," now in 
the rotunda of the State House in Boston ; and also the decorations 


for the latest bnilt Court House in New York City. George's wife 
(nee Ripley), still survives hira. She is the owner of Hawthorne's 
'•Old Manse" in Concord, although the family does not reside there 
now, as they once did. Joshua Simmons, the father of Elisha, 
lived, it is believed, a little to the east of Elisha's house. 

The house on Main street now owned and occupied by Ethan T. 
Perry was built about 1728, probably by John Bailey, as in 1734 
John Bailey sold it to his son Jacob and in the deed speaks of it 
as the house where the said Jacob lives. Jacob was married in 

This house was occupied by the Bailey family for more than one 
hundred years, the present owner purchasing it previous to 1855. 

Charles Bailey, who lived here, (a son of Jacob aforesaid), was 
killed in Boston hj the fall of a chimney, as he was passing through 
the street. 

The father of Andrew J. Bailey, for a long time city solicitor 
of Boston, was born here, removing to Charlestown. 

The house of Henry W. Pei-cival, on Main street, was constructed 
by Joseph House, a ship builder, about 1712. He sold it to John 
Bailey, who was, in early life, also engaged in shipbuilding. 

(.'alvin Bailey, the son of John, resided here until his removal to 
Maine, and the house was then purchased by Abisha Soule, and has 
since been owned by him or by one of his descendants. 

The original house, which was two stories high with the end to 
the street, was moved back from its original location by Mr. Soule 
and enlarged. 

John Bailey was a colonel in the Revolutionary War, his son 
Luther serving as a major in his father's regiment. Colonel Bailey 
was second in command at Dorchester Heights, and was more than 
once especially commended by AYashington for his valor. Both the 
Colonel and Major Bailey, his son, died in this house. Colonel 
Bailey for a time after his return from the army, kept a hotel in 
this house. 

It is an interesting fact that his neighbor, Caleb Sylvester, a 
Eevolutionary soldier, who lived a few rods north of him, also won 
the commendation of Washington, and was by him presented with a 
souvenir which the family still preserves. 

John Bailey had a large family of children and three of them, 
John, Calvin, and Lebbeus, were excellent mechanics, making the 
long eight-day clock that now commands such large prices. Leb- 


beus moved to Maine, and his daughter married Doctor Carey, who 
was the father of Annie Louise Carey. 

The house of George W. Curtis was erected, soon after the in- 
corporation of the town, by his ancestor, John Curtis, and has been 
owned and occupied continuously by the family, with the family 
name, to the present time. 

It is a colonial mansion standing back from Main street, and is in 
form substantially the same as when constructed. 

Mr. John Curtis, the founder of our Public Librai7, was born 
in this house. He was a son of John Curtis, who was noted in his 
day as an abolitionist. 

Both father and son early espoused the cause of freedom for the 
slaves, and both were on intimate terms with Garrison, Pillsbury, 
Phillips, Thompson, and others of that magnificent period. The 
father was with Mr. Garrison, when the mob tried to destroy that 
glorious life. 

Benjamin Curtis, a slight, studious young man, went from this 
house in 1862 and was killed at Antietam in one month from the 
date of his enlistment. 

The Stockbridge house, on Main street, was built, in 1809, by 
William Stockbridge, and is a good type of the more substantial 
houses of the time. 

This house has always been owned and occupied by members of 
the Stockbridge family, and the father of the late United States 
Senator Stockbridge of Michigan, was born here. 

The present house took the place of one which had stood just 
across the street for nearly a century. The original house was 
erected by Edward Wanton, the quaker preacher, about 1710, and 
was the first house erected in this part of the town. The first 
public school in this quarter of the town was kept in this house. 

Edward Wanton presented this house to his son Philip, as a gift. 
Philip moved to Ehode Island, and Caleb Barker a brother-in-law 
of Philip, conveyed the house to John and Joseph Bailey in 1722. 
In 1786 Seth Bailey sold the property to David Stockbridge, and 
in 1789 David sold it to his son William. 

The original house was owned and occupied by the Bailey family 
for nearly three-fourths of a century. Three of the seven children 
of William Stockbridge, who were born in the house now standing 
are still living. 

TJie house on Union street now owned by Parker McNayr was 


constructed probably before 1735 b}- Benjamin Curtis, or one of 
his sons, and was occupied by the Curtis family for many years, 
when it passed to the Stetson family, and was for a time occupied 
by them. Later it was owned and occupied by Seth Bailey and, in 
1799, Israel Perry, administrator of the estate of Seth Bailey, sold 
the property to Joshua Dwelley and for three generations it was oc- 
cupied by the Dwelley family. Mary Dwelley, a sweet, self sacri- 
ficing woman, died here in 1893, aged 89 years, having lived to 
bury her husband, two daughters and two sons, leaving but one 
child, a bachelor, who later sold the property to Parker MoXayr, 
the present oTNTier. Mrs. Dwelley's sons, Joseph and Hosea, were 
in the Civil War service. 

The writer of this has sat in the "Chimney Corner" here and 
looked up to the stars while the fire burned brightly by his side. 

Note. — When Joshua Dwelley purchased this house "Birch Bot- 
tom Eoad," as it is called, was located just east thereof, but he 
changed it to its present location. 

Previous to 1790, for thirty years at least, there was a small 
house just east of the house above described, which was owned and 
occupied by Elisha Palmer, a blacksmith, and here his large family 
of children were born. 

The large ttt^o-story house on Main street now owned and occu- 
pied by John S. Smith was constructed about 1729 by Benjamin 
Stetson, and he and his descendants occupied it for two generations, 
when the property was purchased by Israel Hatch, whose de- 
scendants have o^vned and occupied the house to the present time. 
John Hatch, a son of Israel, lived here. He was a captain in the 
Eevolutionary War. 

This house is typical of the time of its construction, facing the 
south, with its large, old fashioned chimney, and is but little 
changed in form since it was built. This is one of the houses 
which has stood for nearly two hundred years with but one change 
of family. The well on the lawn here has supplied the occupants 
all this long time with never-failing, sweet water. 

The school house which stood near the spot in 1760, now forms 
the basis of the one-story part of the house. 

The house on the corner of Main and Union streets was built 
about 1715, probably by Benjamin Curtis, as he was living here in 
1727. He was one of the Selectmen elected immediately after the 
incorporation of the town. He or his son Benjamin lived here 


until about 1760, when the house was sold to Colonel John Bailey. 
About 1763, Joshua Dwelley purchased this propert}^, and he and 
his descendants have owned it to the present time, the present owner 
being Charles W- B^'iggiSj ^ great grandson of Joshua. 

Joshua Dwelley was a lieutenant in the Eevolutionary War, and 
his son Lemuel was engaged with George Curtis in the anchor in- 
dustry for many years. Mary T. Briggs, a granddaughter of 
Joshua, is still living at the age of eighty-seven years, with mem- 
ory unimpaired. 

Presumably Benjamin Curtis, the Selectman, constructed the 
house in Scituate that stood just east of Diana Pierce's, before 
1700, but he located on Main street as early as 1715. 

The house on Union street now occupied by Charles H. Dwelley 
and Percy W. Dwelley was constructed, about 1730, by Joseph 
Curtis. He lived here but a few years, when he moved to a house 
on Pleasant street and became a large land owner and was, gener- 
ally, an influential man. He was known as Governor Curtis. 

After Mr. Curtis's removal, the house was owned by Abijah Stet- 
son, and he and his descendants lived here until about 1856, when 
William Curtis, who married Cassandra Stetson, moved to his 
fathers house on Main street. 

About 1790, Lemuel Dwelley bought one-half of this house and, 
when Mr. Curtis moved away, he purchased the other half and his 
descendants have occupied the whole house to the present time. 

This is another of the old-time houses with the large old fash- 
ioned chimney and brick oven, and with a kitchen and fireplace so 
large that Mrs. Dwelley, with her five children, and Mrs. Curtis, 
with as many, were able for years to do all the necessary cooking 
for their large families, without friction, and with mutual friend- 
ship and respect. The house has been somewhat enlarged since it 
was originally constructed. 

For a time Christiana Gushing kept a private school in the 
southwest chamber. 

Mrs. Priscilla Stetson, the wife of Joshua, had twin children, 
Angeline and Cassandra. The former was the mother of Joshua 
S. Grey, who has been for several years Representative from Rock- 
land, and Cassandra was the mother of Benjamin Curtis, who, at 
twenty-one years of age, surrendered a promising life at Antietam. 

XoTE. — Mrs. Priscilla Stetson was born on the dark day. 

The house on the corner of Plain and Main streets was probably 


constructed by Amos Sylvester, who married Desire Rose in 1757, 
or by his father Amos Sylvester. The house was constructed be- 
fore 1759, as is shoAm by a deed of that date. 

Mr. Amos Sylvester lived here until 1769, when he sold the same 
to Deacon Israel Perry. This Israel was a man of affairs, Select- 
man of the town, and lived here until his death, in 1817. He was 
the father of Hannah, the wife of Edward Stetson. 

After the death of Israel's wife, in 1824, the property was sold 
to Ethan Perry, who resided here nntil his death in 1880. Since 
Mr. Perry's death, there have been several owners of the estate, the 
pi'c'sent owner being Dr. A. D. Josselyn, recently of Chicago. 

Israel Perry had eight children, as did Ethan Perry, all born 
here, presumably. 

The house on Broadway near the South Hanover railroad station 
Avas probably constructed by Joseph Barstow, about 1720. Mr. 
Barstow was one of four persons who established the Forge and 
Pinery, where now stands the tack factory of Ezra Phillips & Sons. 
It is doubtful if Mr. Barstow lived in this house, although it seems 
to have been owned l)y a son and grandson. 

Elijah Gushing, who married Mr, Barstow's daughter in 1775, 
constructed the house at Cushing's Corner, Hanson, the two houses 
being similar in architecture and erected about the same time. 

Mr. Robert Salmond came into possession of this Barstow house 
as early as 1790 and resided here until his death, in 1829. He 
was engaged in the manufacture of anchors at the Barstow forge. 

Mr. Salmond's widow resided here Avith her sons, John and Wil- 
liam, both of Avhom were engaged in the manufacture of tacks. 
William died in 1842, and John in 1845, both unmarried. Mrs. 
Salmond lived until 1847. 

After the Salmonds, Mr. William M. Brewster resided here for 
several years and, about 1860, I. Gilman Stetson purchased the 
property, and this was his home until his death. 

The house is noAv owned and occupied by Mrs. Annie E. Stet- 
son, the widow of Fred Stetson, a son of I. Gilman. 

Mr. I. Gilman Stetson Avas, for many years, Selectman, and died 
while holding that office. He was for quite a long time engaged 
in the grocery business in the store on the corner of BroadAvay and 
Myrtle street. 

The long house on Broadway, opposite the end of Water street, 
now owned by Morrill A. Phillips, is one of the older houses, hav- 
ing been constructed probably before 1750. 


The first owner of whom we have positive knowledge was Ben- 
jamin Studley, who was Selectman in 1778 and for several years 
thereafter. His first child was born in 1754. He may have con- 
structed the house, but probably bought it of Thomas Josselyn. 

In 1794, Mr. Studley conveyed this house with sixty acres of land 
to Josiah Smith, Jr., a grandson of Eev. Thomas Smith. Pre- 
sumably he lived here, as Barry speaks of it as the Smith house. 

In 1804, Mr, Smith sold to Eobert Salmond, who owned the 
property for eight years, when he sold it to Jesse Eeed, a brief 
sketch of whose life is given in the chapter on Mills, Manufactures, 
and Industries. 

In 1824, about the time Mr. Eeed left Hanover, he conveyed the 
property to Melzar Sprague and Capt. Nathan Dwelley, the for- 
mer living here but a short time. Mr. Dwelley, as a young man, 
while Mr. Eeed lived here, worked with him in the building of his 
first tack machines. The young man was quick to learn, and soon, 
became an expert and, when new tack factories were started, Capt. 
Dwelley's services were sought in the construction of the machines. 
He was employed by Lazel Perkins & Company of Bridgewater, 
Oliver Ames of North Easton, and several others. 

After Capt. Dwelley moved to the Corners, he sold the house to 
E. Y. Perry & Company (1864), since which time it has been oc- 
cupied as a tenant house. 

The hip-roof house near the southerly end of Winter street was 
constructed, as early as 1750, by Jesse Torrey, the son of Nathaniel 
Torrey. When Jesse Torrey died, he had these children living: 
Nathaniel, Jesse, James, Job and Eliab Torrey, Hannah Eogers, 
and Mary, wife of Joseph Torrey. There was also a daughter, 
Euth Chapman, and a daughter, Betsey Torrey, but these two were 
not living when his estate was divided in 1799. The widow Mary 
was then living, and dower was assigned to her in this house, which 
was for a long time known as the Molly Torrey house. 

In 1800, Nathaniel Torrey above named sold the property 
to Joseph Tubbs, and the house was for a long time known as the 
Tubbs' house. 

Joseph Tubbs (who never married), was a son of the first Joseph. 
He constructed a house a long distance Avest of Winter street, in a 
most romantic spot, where he lived and died. Two maiden sis- 
ters, Eunice and Mary, also resided here until their death, aged 81 
and 87 years, respectively. Their home was a model of neatness, 
with the old fashioned fireplace and the antique furniture. It was 


> i 



HOUSE OF AVii.LiAAf siYjc Ki.iMnci:, MAIN sii;i;i;t 


TlIK KM) Ol" Till'; liAl l)\\ IN HOUSE 


a pleasant experience to call on them and see how quaintly, simply, 
and happily two maiden ladies could live, although bounded by a 
narrow horizon. 

It may be interesting to read in the Tubbs genealogy an extract 
from the will of Joseph Tubbs, the grandfather of these two maiden 
ladies, and we quote it here : "Principally and first of all, I give 
and recommend my soul into the hands of God that gave it, hoping, 
through the merits, death, and passion of my Lord and Saviour 
Jesus Christ, to have full and free pardon of all my sins, and to 
inherit everlasting life; and my body I commit to the earth to be 
decently buried, trusting that I shall at the Eesurrection receive the 
same again, by the mighty power of God." 

The house on Broadway now owned and occupied by Jane B. 
Eeed was, in 1723, owned by Thomas Merritt of Scituate, aa, in a 
dt'C'd of that date, he conveyed to Thomas Bardin "eighty acres of 
land, excepting thirty acres of said land which I formerly sold to 
Isaac Buck." In this deed, after giving the boundaries, he says 
^'together with my dwelling house, barn, and fences upon the same." 
Presumably Mr. Merritt was the first occupant. 

Previous to Mr. Bardin's residence in the house described above, 
hf must have resided near the forge at South Hanover. (See deed 
James Torrey to Thomas Bardin, Book 20, Page 40.) 

Thomas Bardin was one of the four persons who constructed the 
f(n'ge and finery at Indian Head river, about 1730. He was prom- 
inent in town affairs and died, in 1774, aged eighty-six years. 

The newspaper account of his death said that he was born in 
South Wales, that he came to America in 1716, and was the first 
that made bar-iron in New England. 

Mr. Ebenezer Curtis (whose daughter married William Whiting, 
the long time Selectman) resided here. Mr. David Hersey lived 
and died here, as did his son Robert, of pleasant memory. 

Mrs. Eeed, the present owner, is a daughter of Eobert Hersey. 
Mrs. Eeed's daughter, Mrs. Sproule, with her seven children, re- 
sides in the house with her; so that four generations of this family 
have made theii- home in this house. 

The one-story house on Winter street, known as the Job Tilden 
house, was probably constructed previous to 1740. Joseph Tilden, 
the father of Jol), purchased this farm of one hundred and ten 
acres of Thomas Rogers. Presumably Mr. Eogers constructed 
the house. 


Joseph Tilden, by his will dated November 8, 1763, gave to hi& 
son. Job Tilden, the improvement of this property. This son 
Job was a lieutenant in the Eevolutionary War. 

This house is presented as being especially interesting, because 
of the fact that slaves were raised here for the market. 

While there was more or less buying and selling of slaves (as in 
the middle of the eighteenth century nearly all the wealthy families 
owned one or more), this was probably the only place in our town 
where the owner carried on the traffic for revenue. The writer 
has seen two bills of sale of slaves sold from this house. One was 
from Job Tilden to a Mr. Bailey of Scituate. "A negro child 
named Morrow, nine years of age, of good bodily health and with 
a kind disposition." 

During the Revolutionary War, Mr. Tilden sent one of his 
slaves, named Cuffee, as a soldier in the Continental Army. He 
was with Col. Bailey and died at Valley Forge, and his enlistment 
gave him a second name; for henceforth he was known as Cuffee 
Tilden, and so the printed rolls inscribe him. 

Sarah Tilden, a daughter of Job Tilden, granddaughter of Job, 
and great granddaughter of Joseph Tilden, died in this house, 
July 8, 1880, aged eighty-three years, — the premises having been 
occupied continuously by the Tilden family for more than one 
hundred and twenty years. 

The house on Broadway near the Catholic Church was probably 
constructed by Isaac Buck, as early as 1730. Doubtless it has 
been much enlarged. Mr. Buck, in deeds, is spoken of as a 
weaver. While in Hanover, he was influential in church and 
town matters. He constructed the corn-mill which stood near 
where now stands the brick building of Ezra Phillips and Son? 
and this mill was for a long time know as Buck^s mill. 

While in Hanover, seven children were born to him; IsaaC; 
James, Mary, Thomas, Eunice, Hannah, and Sarah. Isaac, Jr., 
in a deed, describes himself as a nailer. Mr. Buck, Sr., was in 
Hanover as early as 1713 and as late as 1737 and was in Scituate 
in 1744. These facts are shown by records of deeds. He resided 
first on Center street, near where John F. Brooks now resides. 

In 1716, Thomas Merritt of Scituate sold to Mr. Buck the land 
on Broadway on which the house stands. The land was then with- 
out buildings. In 1731, Mr. Buck mortgaged the premises to 
Thomas Jenkins and at this time there was a house and barn 


As early as 1730, Mr. Buck sold the property to James Torrey, 
the latter selling to his brother Nathaniel, who in turn sold to 
Josiah Palmer. Josiah Palmer, a son of this Josiah, sold the 
premises to David Stockbridge, a man of many estates. 

Previous to 1800, Benjamin Bass came into possession of the 
property and lived and died here, as did his unmarried son Elisha. 
The latter was an ingenious uiechanic and a devout man. 

Some time after the death of Elisha Bass, Mr. Charles Dyer 
became owner and occupant. At his death, the property passed to 
his son, Frank Waldo Dyer, who still occupies it. 

Brief mention will be made of the old houses long since gone 
which stood remote from any existing public way and were finally 
deserted and permitted to decay. In most cases the cellars ai'e 
now visible. 

There was one house in the field northwest of the residence of 
Edward M. Sweeny, probably owned and occupied by a Rogers; 
one near the railroad track east of the junction of Elm street and 
Broadway, occupied by Abner Turner; one north of the Second 
Congi'egational Church owned and occupied by one of the early 
Barstows; three at least between the mill of Samuel H. Church 
and Washington street, owned by House, Briggs, and others; one 
east of the house " formerly owned by Daniel Chapman, occupied 
by a Simmons; four on Henry's lane, occupied by the Dilling- 
ham's, Woodworth's, Gray's, and Freeman's; one east of the house 
of Helen M. Priest on Main street, occupied by William Curtis, 
the first Baptist minister; one west of the house of Nathan G. 
"Whiting on Main street, occupied in its later years by Thomas 
Hatch; one south of Plain street, on the Hanmer Hook road; 
three on the old way from Center street, near the end of Grove 
street, to Broadway, near the end of Water street, occupied by 
Robbins, Buck, and Sylvester; four near northwest Hanover on 
the old way which led westerly from Whiting street to Rockland 
(these latter, however, all stood just outside the bounds of Han- 
over in wliat is now Rockland) ; and one west of Silver street, 
known in its later A'ears as the Tliomas 0. Bates house. 



Hotels. Post Offices. Landmarks. 


By Jedediah Dwelley. 

A word about this subject may not be amiss. In 1657 William 
Barstow was authorized by the Colony Court "to draw and sell 
wine, beer and strong waters for passengers that come and go over 
the bridge he hath lately made or others that have occasion imless 
any just exceptions come in against." Afterward this "Ordinary'' 
was kept by Ms son Joseph, and in 1684 Joseph Sylvester was 
licensed to keep it. 

This ordinary must have been near the North river bridge. 
(See Chapter on Streams and Bridges). 

There is no other record regarding hotels known to the writei' 
until 1747, when the town voted "not to set up any more taverns 
in the town, that there are too many taverns already and that 
one tavern is sufficient for the town." Barry says, however, that 
Samuel Stetson's house was a tavern stand and a famous place 
of resort, soon after the incorporation of the town. (See Chapter 
on old houses). 

Barry also says that Eliab Studley, who was in Hanover before 
the Revolution, was a noted tavern keeper, his house being a fa- 
vorite place of public resort. 

After the Revolution, Colonel John Bailey kept a hotel on 
Main street, in the house now occupied by Henry W. Percival. 
This Jolm Bailey was cared for in his old age by the mother of 
the writer and she often spoke of the plate, the decanters and 
other paraphernalia of the hotel. 

The first stage coach from Plymouth to Boston was run in 
1794. This and the ship-building on North river made the Four 
Corners a central point for varied interests. 

In 1770 Cornelius Turner of Hanover, innholder, sold land to 
Atherton Wales of Hanover, a merchant. In 1785 Atherton 
Wales was still in Hanover and in a deed of that date was called 


aa ''Innholder,'"' and he was so called until 1795. About this time 
Tilden Crooker kept a tavern for a while in the house now occu- 
pied by Theodore K. Guth, near North river bridge. 

David Kingman built the Howard House at the Four Corners 
and for a long time occupied it as a residence, but he was keep- 
ing a hotel here in 1797 and 1800. 

At the time of his death in 1807, Samuel Donnell was keeping 
a hotel in the house where Eben C. Waterman, an honored mem- 
ber of our present Board of Selectmen, now resides. After Mr. 
Donnell's death, Ephraim Stetson continued the business in this 

The old almanacs give, as innholders in Hanover from 1804 to 
1827, ''Curtis" and "Donald." The writer fails to locate Mr. Cur- 
tis, nor can he give positively the name of the later Donald. Pei'- 
haps too much reliance should not be given to these "Almanac 

Granville Bryant kept a hotel in the Howard House as early 
as 1830. He was here for a few years. Following him was Syl- 
vanus Percival for a short time, and after him came Joseph Po- 
corny. From 1837 to some time about 1850, Ozen Josselyn was 
the proprietor. 

After the advent of the stage coach and up to the time of the 
construction of the Old Colony Eailroad, this house had a wide 
reputation, as travellers from Boston to Plymouth sought its hos- 

It was sought not only by travellers but for public pur|5oses 
also. Many legal questions were settled here, the writer himself 
remembering one, when several of the most distinguished lawyers 
in eastern Massachusetts assembled in this building. 

Under the law from 1850 to 1880 the Probate Court held an- 
nual sessions in Hanover and this hotel was the place of meeting. 
Mr. Joseph A. Tripp is the present proprietor of this hotel. 

For the past ten years or more, Mr. Alouzo N". Josselyn has 
kept a hotel in the house at the Four Corners which Eobert E. 
Dwelley constructed as a residence in 1856. 


By John F. Simmons. 

Deane says the first post office was established in Scituate in 
1800, seventy three years after the incorporation of our to'mi. The 
mail was carried via Cohasset to Boston and via Marshfield to 
Plymouth, bv coaches. 



The West Scituate (now Assinippi), post office, was establislied 
February 11, 1828, Edward F. Jacobs being the post master. The 
office was in the ell of the house now occupied by Mr. Cutler, at 
Assinippi. Later, this post office was removed to Queen Anne's 
Comer. After remaining there a few years, it came back to As- 
sinippi and Benjamin N. Curtis was for many years the post 
master. The office was in the Assinippi Hall building, in the 
store kept by Henry J. Curtis, until Mr. Curtis sold his store to 
E. Y. Perry. The office was then removed to a small building 
which the post master built for the purpose on the corner of 
Washington and Webster streets. After Mr. Curtis' death, the 
office was moved to the store of Eobert W. Killam, on the opposite 
corner and there it has remained to the present day. Luke P. 
Burbank is the present post master. The name West Scituate, 
which had become an anomaly for a post office located in Han- 
over, at least five miles from the nearest part of Scituate, was 
changed, August 4, 1892, to Assinippi. The attempt to change 
it to "West Norwell" failed and the contest over names was finally 
decided by John Wanamaker, the Post Master General of the 
United States. 

The Hanover post office is the oldest in town. It lies on the 
direct Boston and Plymouth post-road of ante-railroad times. It 
is situated at the Four Corners, in the drug store of William S. 
Curtis, and he is the present post master. 

The following tables, furnished by the Post Office Department at 
Washington, D. C, are self-explanatory. 

The following list shows the dates of the establishinent of each 
post office in Hanover, and the names of its post masters with 
the dates of their appointments. 

Office. Post master. 

North Hanover, John S. Brooks, 
South Hanover, Isaac G. Stetson, 

Tliomas DreAV, 
West Hanover, Edwin Pose, 

" " Horatio B. Magoun, 

William H. White, 
West Scituate, Edward F, Jacobs, 
'" " Edward Jacobs, 

Zattu Gushing, 
" " Ebenezer Blanchard, 

Benj. N. Curtis, 
" " James E. Lambert, 

Date of Appointment. 
(Est.) March 30, 1888. 
(Est.) January 25, 1864. 
October 6, 1897. 
(Est.) January 2, 1861. 
August 31, 1861. 
April 18, 1901. 
(Est.) Feb. 11, 1828. 
April 27, 1830. 
September 7, 1839. 
Feb. 28, 1854. 
April 29, 1857. 
Jan. 18, 1886. 


Name of Post Office 
changed to Assinippi, 

Aug. 4, 1893. Annie W. Killam, Aug. 4, 1892. 

" J. Edgar Lambert, July \, 1899. 

Erville E. Lewis, May 14, 1900. 

" John F. Brooks, Feb. 14, 1901. 

Balph C. Burbank, May 25, 1904. 

Hanover, Benjamin Whitman, (Est.) April 1, l/96» 

" Kobert Eells, April 1, 1802. 

Seth Stetson, May 29, 1839. 

Samuel Eells, Jime 18, 1841. 

" Stephen Josselyn, Oct. IG, 1844. 

" Alexander Wood, Jan. 23, 1851. 

" Stephen Josselyn, June 10, 1853. 

" Eobert S. Curtis, April 8, 1861. 

" Elizabeth A. Curtis, April 8, 1873. 

" Elizabeth A. Waterman, Dec. 18, 1878. 

" John H. Flavell, Oct. 26, 1885. 

'* William S. Curtis, May 1, 1889. 

" John H. Flavell, June 23, 1893. 

" William S. Curtis, July 13, 1899. 

The establishment and growth of the post office in this country 
is most interesting. Massachusetts passed its first act recognizing 
and regulating the passage of what is now called mail matter, as 
early as September 5, 1639. It was entitled "For preventing the 
miscarriage of letters" and is so brief it may be quoted in full, 

"It is ordered that notice bee given, that Richard Fairbanks 
his house in Boston is the place appointed for all letters, which 
are brought from beyond the seas, or are to be sent thither; — are 
to bee brought unto him and he is to take care, that they bee de- 
livered, or sent according to their directions, and hee is alowed 
for every such letter 1 d. and must answer all miscarriages through 
his owne neglect in this kind ; provided that no man shall bee 
compelled to bring his letters thither except hee please." 

In 1673-4 (Jan. 6), public messengers who were "sent post" 
should be paid 3 d. per mile for horse and man and innholders 
were limited for baiting the horse to 2s. per bushel for oats and 
4d. for hay "day and night." 

In 1693, an act was passed by the Genei-al Court establishing, 
for the first time under that name, a General Letter Office and 
fixing the rate? of postage. Between Bo^^ton and Rhode Island, 
the rate for a single letter was 6d.; from Xew York 12d.; Penn- 


sylvania, 15d. ; from Maryland or Virginia, 2s. ; from Salem, 3d. ; 
Ipswich, Newbury and places east of Salem, within the province, 
4d. ; from Piscataqua, 6d, 

The post master then bore the title of Post Master General and 
•those who carried the mail were his "Deputies." 

Provision was made by this act to prevent others from carry- 
ing mail matter for hire, under a penalty of 40 pounds, and all 
/ship masters bringing letters or pax^quets (a bundle of three let- 
ters) from abroad, were obliged to deliver them forwith to the 
Post Master General. Each letter arriving was to be "marked" 
"with a print" "to show the day of the month and year when the 
letter came in." 

Government letters were to be carried free and all ferrymen 
■were compelled to carry free the postman and his horse without 

jS[o set time for mails was enjoined by the act. 

The usual difficulty, now imiversal, was, from^ the outset, found 
in the post office, viz : the income was unequal to the out-go. In 
1703, the shortage was estimated to be about 275 pounds. To 
meet this estimated loss, the Court voted the Post Master General 
20 i^ounds and freed him "from impresses, trainings, and watches'' 
during his term of office. 

At this time, 1706, John Campbell was post master at Boston. 
His title seems to have become "Post Master of New England." 
He published "The Boston News-Letter," referred to, in his peti- 
tions to the Court, as the "Weekly Intelligencer" and the "weekly 
Letter of Intelligence." This was the first newspaper published 
"in the English Colonies throughout the extensive continent of 
North America," according to the Massachusetts Historical So- 
"Ciety's Publishing Committee (P. 66, note. Vol. VII 3rd series). 
It began April 24, 1704. It "was printed by Bartholomew Green 
and sold by Nicholas Boone at his shop near the old meeting 

In 1714, the post-riders between Boston and New York, carried 
the mail once a fortnight during the winter months. It took 5 1-2 
days from Boston to Hartford; here the Boston rider met the 
New York rider and exchanged mails. 

In 1768, the Selectmen of Boston sent a messenger to other 
towns in the province upon their public business. The messenger 
'did not tarry over the Lord's Day but continued his journey from 
Belchertown to Montague. For this he was arrested and fined 
10s. and 18s., costs. This the General Court repaid him the fol- 
lowing year. 



«)\ 'I'll iiAN()\ i:i; A'l' 'I'm; \'*>^\ iM' 



In l?v5, May 25, the Post Office passed out of the hands of 
the State. The Provincial Congress took its work into their own 

No stamps were in use in the United States, until authorized 
by the act of Congress of March 3, 1847, following the lead of 
the English Post Office department which first adopted them in 
1840, leading in this all other nations. 


By Jedediah Dwelley. 

"Without attempting to make the list complete the following will 
aid those who may have occasion to learn the old local name?. 

Absalom's Rock: — A large boulder in the field south from Web- 
ster street and east of Whiting street, southeast of the house of 
Thomas Delay. 

Bank Land: — A piece of land near the residence of Cyrus B. 
Josselyn on King street. It was probably mortgaged at some 
time to what was Imown as the Land Bank; — Whence its name. 

Barstow's Bridge : — First name for North river bridge. 

Barstow's Hill : — Just north of the Universalist Church at As- 
sinippi, in Norwell. 

Bass Place : — On Hanover street, near where the late William 
Church lived. Now owned and occupied by Charles S. Stetson. 

Beach Neck : — A part of Main street and a part of Union street. 

Beaver Dam : — On Third Herring brook, below Old Pond. 

Beech Hill : — West of King street. 

Beech Woods : — Northwest of King street toward Rockland. 
Applied indefinitely at different times to northerly part of King 
street and north part of Circuit street. 

Birch Bottom : — An unused road running from Union street, 
just east of Parker McNayr's, to Main street. 

Brisco's Plain: — Brisco lived just west of the Centre Meeting 
House, near Grove street. 

Broad Oak: — Applied to the land at the Four Corners on both 
sides of where the R. R. station now stands. 

Burnt Plain : — North of Walnut Hill, near where Webster street 

Candlewood Plain: — West of the Centre Church. 

Chapman's Landing: — On border of Wampum, or Wampus 
Swamp, southwest of H. E. Chamberlain's residence. There was 
another landing, also called Chapman's on North river, where hay 
was landed. 


Church Hill: — North of Union street and west of Pine street. 

Clay Pits:— On Walnut Hill. 

Cornish Place: — Near '"Dr. Dwelley place" and the present 
residence of Charles S. Stetson. 

Country Eoad: — The Plymouth road, now Washington street. 

Cricket Hole: — (in old deeds spelled Creeket Hole) now called 
Cricket Hollow; between Washington street and the Third Her- 
ring brook and west of Tiffany Mills. 

Cuffs Field : — Corner of Grove and Main streets. 

Curtis Street: — For more than one hundred years what is now 
Main street, was called Curtis street. 

Cushing Lot Dam: — By Brook's upper mill. 

Dillingham Field : — The easterly part of the Ruf us Crane farm, 
east of Main street. 

Drinkwater Eoad: — A road from Washingion street to the 
•easterly end of Summer street, was for one hundred years known 
as the Drinkwater road. It included parts of what are now Han- 
over and Circuit streets. 

Dug Hill: — On Silver street. 

Fresh Marsh:— Name of "Old Pond" in 1690. 

General's Island: — Land owned by Hingham people in the 
northwest corner of "Hanover. 

Grassy Plain: — On Main street at Norwell line. 

Gray Place : — North side of "Henry's Lane." 

Great Share Lots : — From the westerly line of the orighial 
town of Scituate, running easterly one and one-fourth miles. 

Green Rock : — Southeast of "Rocky Swamp." 

Hanmer's Hook: — A part of the Zaccheus Estes farm, (now 
o^vned by Lot Phillips and Company Corporation), of fifty acres 
in the form of a hook. (See note at the end of landmarks.) 

Hanover Folly: — A name given to Rockland street by Capt. 
John Cushing, who was opposed to building it. 

Hatch's Bridge : — An early name for Teague's bridge. 

Hayden Hill: — On land of Col. J. B. Barstow. 

Henry's Lane: — An old lane, once a highway; leading westerly 
from Washington street, near the house of ITiTfiin Gardner. 

Hughs' Cross : — Indefinite lands for a distance one-eighth of a 
mile on each side of Church's Mill, are flescn-ibod in old deeds as 
*at "Hughs' Cross." ' Gov. Winthrop on his return trip after 
visiting Gov. Bradford in 1632 says, "After crossing the North 
River we came to a place called Hues Cross." The Governor be- 
ing displeased with the name changed it to Hues Folly. Probably 


this was the same. John Hughes was in Scituate in 1(»33. He 
was previously in Plymouth. Solomon Hughes lived in Norwell, 
near the northerly end of South street. There is a well-autheu- 
ticated story of Hughes crossing this stream and being frightened 
by a wolf. 

Hughs' Cross Brook : — South branch of Third Herring brook. 
Ciirtis's Mill stood on said Brook. 

Indian Path: — Over Third Herring brook. This runs east of 
^^'ashington street, from the end of Silver street, to East street, 
crossing the Third Herring brook at Cornet's Mill. 

Indian Stepping Stones : — West of AVhiting street near Rock- 
land line. 

Indian Way Stone : — On the hill back of the house of the late 
A\'illiam Whiting. It is said to have marked the Indian Trail 
from the Bridgewaters east, across the ^'Stepping Stones," past the 
spring at Assinippi, to the shore at Conihasset, now Scituate. 

Iron Mine Brook: — One-half mile southwest of Hanover Pour 

King Stone Hill :— North of tlie late Eichmond Winslow's place 
on Circuit street. 

Little Eound Top: — A hill on the border line, between Rockland 
and Hanover, west of King street. 

Log Bridge: — (In 1650) over Third Herring brook near Henry 
B. Barstow's. 

London Bridge : — On Webster street, near the junction of North 

Ludden's or Luddam's Ford:— Xear the Rubber Mill at Pem- 
broke line. The arch bridge now spans the stream. 

Lydia Wright Hill: — On Washington street at the residence of 
the late George Studley. Her house stood a little south of the 
present house. The highway now encloses a part of the cellar. 

Mingo Field: — South side of Silver street, near "Dug Hill.'* 

ISTab Neal Place: — On Spring street, supposed to have been the 
Nathaniel Josselyn place. 

New Forge: — At South Hanover. The present site of the Tack 

New Saw Mill :— (In 1688) now called Church's. 

Nick Hill: — On Main street, south of Grov^ street. A negro 
known as "Joe Nick" lived just north of the hill. His house was 
on the west side of the street and the well, which still remains, 
was on the east side. His true name was probably Joseph 


Old Pond: — A wooded swamp along the Third Herring brook 
between Church's Mill and East street. So called because the 
lands were flowed by the dam erected at Cornefs Mill. 

Old Forge :— At Luddin's Ford. 

Old Saw Mill:— (In 1676) just north of East street on Third 
Herfing brook. In 1656 this was called Cornet's Mill. 

Otis Lot: — West side of Main street just north of the Baptist 
Meeting House. 

Pantoosic or Pantooset: — Near North river, west of T. K. 

Park : — Near Broadway and the house of Jane B. Eeed. 

Peg's Swamp : — Back of Judson Studley's and near Circuit street. 

Pine Island: — North of Hanover street, west of Plain street. 

Pond Lots: — Near the residence of Rufus T. Estes, west of Cir- 
cuit street. 

Project Dale: — The beautiful valley wherein is located Water- 
man's Tack Works. 

Purr Cat Lane: — Now Spring street. 

Eocky Swamp : — West of Washington street, south of J. F. Sim- 
mons' house. 

Share Line: — Westerly boundary of "Great Share Lots." 

Shuble's Ridge: — Crosses Centre street a few rods west of resi- 
dence of John F. Brooks. 

Soper's Hill : — On Union street, just west of Frank Bonney's 

Strawberry Hill : — West of the residence of Fred A. Studley, 
Circuit street. 

Tumble Down Hill: — On Plain street near Circuit street. 

Turkey Plain: — Barr^^ and Deane say, near Indian Head river. 
Mr. Simmons' notes say, on Hanover street just west of the west- 
erly end of Rockland street. 

Turner Swamp : — East of Main street and north of Webster 

Walnut Hill: — South of Webster and west of Washington 

Wampum or Wampus Swamp: — South of the late Richmond 
Winslow's place. 

Wolf Trap or Wolf Rock:— On land formerly of Col. J. B. 
Barstow near "Iron Mine Brook." 

Woodward Hill : — Between the Centre and the Four Corners. 
Rockland street runs over it. This street was once called the 
Woodward Hill Road. 


Woodward Place: — East end of Great Shares on Henry's lane. 
(Note) Hannie/s Hook. 

Barry and other writers of geneological work, speak of "Han- 
mer's Hook" as a large area, embracing lauds at Centre Hanover 
and at South Hanover. 

The fact regarding this Hanmer's Hook so far as the records 
show is that it was a tract of land of fifty acres granted to John 
Hanmer by the Scituate Committee in 1675 which is now em- 
braced in what is known as the Zaccheus Estes farm. The follow- 
ing is a description of the bounds of this lot. ''The bounds of 
said granted land being at a certain marked tree standing about 
four or five rods eastward of a Swamp and runneth 105 rods 
near on a north and by west line to a marked Spinice tree and 
so to run eastward by a swamp about 100 rods and thence runneth 
toward the west and by south 50 rods and joineth to west on 
share line and thence runneth 160 rods toward the south and 
by east and then runneth 50 rods toward the east and by north 
to the first marked tree aforesaid." 

By plotting these bounds it will appear that the lot was in 
the shape of a hook and without doubt this gave the name to 
the lot. 

The children of John Hanmer after his death sold this lot to 
Walter Hatch and Walter Hatch by his will made in 1698 gave 
it to his son Samuel and in 1719 Samuel Hatch conveyed it to 
Mathew Estes the ancestor of Zaccheus Estes. 

John Hanmer owned one other lot of ten acres which was south 
of Plain street and Isaac Hanmer owned a parcel of land near 
the northerly end of Spring street where he at one time lived. 
"Hanmer^s Hook" is never refen-ed to in old deeds except as hav- 
ing reference to the 50 acres aforesaid. 



Birds * "*'■ * * * God's Acre. 

By Jedediah Dwelley. 


Edward H. Forbush, in his book, "Useful Birds and their Pro- 
tection," says, in his introduction: "There is no subject in the 
field of natural science that is of greater interest than the im- 
portant position that the living bird occupies in the great plan 
of organic nature." 

We are fast awakening to this fact and also to an appreciation 
of the bird for the delight he gives in song and action. What note 
is sweeter than that of the bluebird, the lovely harbinger of Spring 
as he comes close to us in the early March days, when all else 
seems so cold and cheerless ! What action more graceful than that 
of the barn-swallow, as she skims the air, buoyed up, as it some- 
times seems, by some invisible power! What song and action 
more enchanting than that of the bob-o-link, as he greets us in the 
early Summer, after his long journey from Brazil, to spend the 
few brief weeks with us in rearing his young ! 

The most of iis love birds. The number who know them and 
who can tell every bird by its song and plumage are few. Mr. 
Joshua S. Bates of Norwell, Mrs. Josephine S. Nash of Hanover 
and Miss Minnie K. Batchelder of Plymouth, all of whom know 
and love the birds, have added the sum of their knowledge in thf 
preparation of this chapter. The following was written by Miss 
Batchelder and the greater ninnber of birds were enumerated 
by her. 

Hanover is particularly favored in its diversity of bird-life. 
The town itself, possessing high land, meadows, extended plains, 
covered with a characteristic growth of white pine ; ponds, numer- 
ous rivers and brooks, the latter bordered and edged with thickets 
of viburnum, huckleberry, swamp azalia, spice bush and witch 
hazel, all tend to make an ideal home for many of our well-known 




birds, and likewise aii attractive resting place for the many 
migrants that pass through, semi-annually, on their way to and 
from their breeding grounds. 

The Massachusetts Ijaw of 190G, regarding the protection of 
song and insectiverous birds, together with the numerous game 
laws and the growth of public sentiment along this line, are doing 
much towards the increase of our bird population, and in the 
vicinity of the North river, the bittern, heron, wild duck, and 
an occasional shore bird are finding safe breeding-places in the 
meadows bordering the river. 

The following is a partial list of the birds seen and identified 
in Hanover, ninety per cent of which breed in Hanover: 




Blue Jay 

Purple Finch 

Gold Finch 



Wood Pewee 


Great-crested Flycatcher 





Bam Swallow 

Bank Swallow 

Tree Swallow 

Purple Martin 

Chimney Swift 



Rcdwin fired Blackbird 



Scarlet Tanager 

Fox Sparrow * 

"\\Hiite-throated Sparrow 

Vesper Sparrow 

Song Sparrow 

Chipping Sparrow 

Black-throated Green Warbler 

Field Sparrow 

Tree Sparrow 

Savanna Sparrow 

Meadow Lark 

Horned Lark 

Yellow Warbler 

Black and White Warbler 

Chestnut-sided Warbler 

Pine Warbler 

Myrtle Warbler 

Maryland Yellow-throat 


Mourning Dove 

Indigo Bird 

House Wren 





Downy Woodpecker 

Hairy Woodpecker 

Wli(ite-Breasted Nuthatch 


Brown Creeper 





276 HisTOEY OF hanovi;r. 

Oven Bird Eed-shoiildered Hawk 

Humming-Bird Broad-winged Hawk 

Eose-breasted Grosbeck Night Hawk 

Whip-poor-will Goshawk 

Wood Thrush Green Heron 

Hermit Thrush Great blue Heion 

Yeery Night Heron 

Golden-crowned Kinglet Dusky Duck 

Eed-eyed Vireo Wood Duck 

White-eyed Tireo Great-homed Owl 

Marsh Hawk Screech Owl 

Cooper's Hawk Barred Owl 

Sparrow Hawk Spotted Sandpiper 

Sharp-shinned Hawk Solitaiy Sandpiper 

Duck Hawk Virginia ]7ail 
Eed-tailed Hawk 


"I like that ancient Saxon phrase, which calls 
The burial-ground God's Acre ! It is just ; 

It concecrates each grave within its walls, 

And breathes a benison o'er the sleeping dust." 

"With thy rude plougshare. Death, turn up the sod. 
And spread the furrow for the seed we sow; 
This is the field and acre of our God, 

This is the place whei'e human harvest grow !" 

Previous to the incorporation of the town the burial-places foi* 
the most of the population living within her borders must have 
been the old cemeteries in Scituate. Doubtless the one north of 
Union bridge was used as well as the one at Church Hill. After 
the incorporation, Hanover made immediate provision for the bur- 
ial of its dead and, in 1737, the Town of Scituate made a grant 
from its Common Lands of ten acres for a training-field and 
burying-ground. This lot was divided into two parcels, one of 
Beven and one-half acres for the training-field and one of two and 
a half acres for the burial-ground. Later the town voted to give 
to John Rogers a deed of seven and one-half acres, which was 
not included within the borders of tlie present cemetery, and to 
take in return a deed of three acres, which was probably the basis 
of the present cemetery. 


"And heie in spring the veeries sing 
The song- of long ago." 


couNKi; or :.iAix and silvkr strcets 


BIRDS. god's acre. 277 

It is doubtful if the town ever occupied any part of this present 
cemetery ground for a training-field although the ''Gun House," 
within the memory of men now living, stood on the lot near Main 
street, a few rods east of the tombs. 

The earliest burials were made in the northerly part of the 
cemetery, as then constituted, and stones are now standing which 
give a date as early as 1730. 

Before 1700, few graves in any of the cemeteries of the Old 
Colony were indicated with stone monuments, wooden markers 
being used. But, when Hanover was incorporated, they had be- 
come common. 

The early stones were of slate, imported Welsh slate, it is said. 
They have stood the test of time. The cuts on these stones are 
repulsive but the inscriptions are lenghy and indicate tenderness 
and appreciation. 

The most of these old stones face the west, as they do in so 
many of the older cemeteries. Until the beginning of the nine- 
teenth century, all the graves had, as a top covering, small stones 
for a depth of at least one foot. 

During the early part of the nineteenth century, marble stones 
came into use and this use continued for a long time; but a ma- 
jority of these have fallen and the decay of all is inevitable. 
Granite is now the principal material used for headstones and 

Probably the graves unmarked in the cemetery exceed in num- 
ber those that are marked. Briggs, in his "Church and Cemetery 
Records," gave a list of the majority of the stones standing, when 
this book was published. 

In 1788, David Stockbridge presented the town with a parcel 
of land containing one and one-quarter acres. This now consti- 
tutes the northwest part of the cemetery'. 

About 1850, John Barstow gave to the town a lot of land and 
this lot now forms the southeasterly part of the cemetery. 

In 1891, the town purchased of Joshua Studley 12 6-10 acres, 
of Mrs. Andrew T. Damon 3 8-10 acres, and, at the same time, 
Mrs Eliza Salmond gave to tlie town 3-10 of an acre of land. 
This now forms tlie northerly part of the present grounds. The 
cemetery now contains 25 6-10 acres. 

In 1808, the town voted to purchase a hearse. Previoiis to 
this we think the Bier and Pall had been used for transporting the 
dead to their final resting place. 

Previous to 1844 the grounds had little care except such as 


was given by friends and individual owners of lots. On that date, 
the town passed a vote to '"raise a Committee to cause to be built 
a tomb and to exterminate the bushes on the Burying Ground"; 
but, as late as 1860, the old graves were still covered with heaps 
of small stones and the low-bush blueberries covered the most of 
the groimd. Since that date more and more attention has been 
given to the care of the gi'ounds and now there are few country 
cemeteries that can surpass our o^vIl for beauty of situation or that 
show greater attention or more modest, beautiful monuments. 

The Grand Army by the inauguration of Decoration Day has 
aroused a sentiment that has done much to make our cemetery 
an attractive spot; and no heart can be untouched by the simple 
impressive ceremonies of the day; especially those at the Memorial 
Urn, which was erected by our Woman's Eelief Corps in memory 
of the "Unreturned"; and at the Soldier's Monument, which 
stands on the green at the entrance to the cemetery grounds. 

Early in the history of the Colony, family burial lots were com- 
mon and there were three at least at Hanover; one west of Center 
street on the Albert Wliite farm, one west of Winter street and 
one at West Hanover, a few rods northwest of the liouse of Al- 
pheus Packard. This latter lot is now fenced and several head- 
stones are still standing. 

Tlie one west of Center street was the Hatch family burifil 
lot and here James Hatch, the first Selectman was bttried. Cor- 
nelius White owned this land in the early part of the nineteen tli 
century. He tried to have the toAvn take possession of tliis burial 
lot and preserve it but no definite action was taken and the 
ground was ploughed. 

It was a tender thought to bury Ihe loved ones on the homo 
place. Time and change are unfeeling and experience teaches 
us that one common ground ^vith perpetual care is more in har- 
mony with our ])ctter thouglits in connection with our dead. 

At Assinippi near the town line is another btirial ground cs- 
tablishd about 17S9, this havins; been used largely by families 
in that section of the town. 

We quote fi'om an article on the Pembroke ('enietery written bv 
Harry W. Litchfield of that town " 'Go to yonder Churchyard/ 
said Doctor Francis Collamorc, 'and read history there,'" and, 
further, he says: "God's Acre is the last home of all our neighbors 
and friends. Each season brings it a richei- harvest of them from 
the highways and byways of the town. Although we may never 
come to esteem a walk through its winding paths and grass-grown 

BIRDS, god's acre. 279 

avenues, in the words of Judge SewalL "an awful yet pleasing 
Treat", the siglit of its memorials to our dear and honoured 
friends may remind us more of what was gained in their lives 
than lost in their deaths and bring us out from the gateway, 
feeling that we have been 'compassed about with a great cloud of 
witnesses'." In closing this chapter, the following quotation 
seems appropriate : — 
'"My heart was heavy, for its trust had been 

Abused, its kindness answered with foul wrong : 
So, turning gloomily from my fellow-men, 

One summer Sabbath day I strolled among 
The green mounds of the village burial place; 

\Vhere, pondering how all human love and hate 
Find one sad level; and how, soon or late, 

Wronged and wrong-doer, each with meekened face, 
iVnd cold hands folded over a still heart, 

Pass the green threshold of our common grave. 
Whither all footsteps tend, whence none depart, 

Awed for myself and pitying my race, 
Our common sorrow, like a mighty v/ave, 

Swept all my pride away, and, trembling, I forgave !" 


On a review we notice a few important errors and take this op- 
portunity to correct them: 

Page 73, line 1, for "Horace W. Crane," read Horace S. Crane. 

Page 90, line 21, for "to let alone," read to he let alone. 

Page 98, line 13, for "Clapman," read Chapman. 

Page 245, line 11, for "Frederick W. Hall," read Frederick B. 

Page 259, line 20, for "1775," read, 17^5. 


Tliis index relates only to the liistorical part of tlie book. An 
index was prepared of tlie gencalo^-ical pages containing more than 
fifteen thousand names, alphabetically arranged, but as tlie })ubli- 
cation of this would so increase tlie number of pages as to re(]|uiro 
a work of two volumes, and very materially increase the cx)st!, il 
was decided to omit the same. As tlie families are arranged aN 
phabetically, we trust the omission w ill iK^t be felt as a loss. 

Abingtoii, 0. 10, 12, 14. 24. 39. 
Academy. 60, 97, 122. 
Adams, John, 2r>. 

John Quincy. 121!. 

Samuel, 30. 
Aged Persons, 189. 
List of Agnd Persons giving (kite ot 

death and age, 190' 191, 192. 
Agriculture, 217, 218. 
Aiken, .Tames, 31. 87. 
Alden, John, 99. 220. 

Piiscilla, 99. 
Alger. Frank. 216, 219. 
Allen, Cyrus W., 31. 74, 84, 173. 

Fannie F., 103. 

George 0., 8-"). 

Mary Abhy. 173. 
Anderson, Milledgc, 86. 
Appleton. Samuel (;., 60. 
Ashburton, Lord, 186, 
Aasinippi, 15, 219. 
Austin, Ann, 89. 

Backer, Xicholas, 44. 

Bailey or Bayle, Benjamin, 189. 

Bette, 22! 

Calvin, 213. 

Charles, 57. 

David, 106. 

GeorgiB, 26. 

John, 18. 26, 29. ,30. 118, 143. 1,52, 
184, 213, 264. 

Lebbeus. 213. 

Lucy, 23. 

Luther, 152, 153. 

Seth, 23, 26. 

Stephen. 26. 59. 

Timothy, ,39. 

::}. 43, 

Baker, Jacob. 68. 

Samuel, US. 
Baldwin, Samuel, 78, 82. 
I'.annican, John. 73. 
Baptist Society, 70. 
Bardin, Thomvs, 18, 23, 201, 207 
Barker, Caleb, 18, 23, 26, 29. 

Francis, 199. 

John, 23. 119. 

Joshua, 199. 

Josiah, 199. 

Fvobert, 23, 199, 207. 

Samuel, 199. 

Seth, 96, 174. 
Barnard, Cliarles D., 167. 
Barren, Eli.sha, 30, 65, 121. lf>\ 
Barrows, B. W.. 72. 
Barry, John S., 12, 16, 17, 31. 

58, 64. 68. 69. 
Barstow, Abbv E., 87. 

Alton M.," 88. 

Benjamin, 18. 

Daniel, 26. 

Edward, 248. 

Gideon, 107. 

Jeremiah, 138. 

John, .59. 153. 277. 

John B., 26, 30, 34, 121. 188. 

Joseph, 18, 29, 30. 40, 41. 76. 138, 
200. 201, 202, 207. 

Joshua, 29. 202. 

Samuel, 18. 26. 76. 143, 200. 

Seth T., 107. 

Thomas, 57. 

William, 16, 40. 172, 222, 2.' 
Bas«. T'.nniamin. 23. 26. 29. 34. 

Mary, 184. 




Bachelder, Minnie K., 274. 
Bates or Battes, Amos, 188. 
Clement, 23. 
James, 44. 
Joseph, 120, 206. 
Joshua S., 274. 
John B., 217. 
Mary. 87. 

Thomas M., 26, 89. 
William F., 217. 
Bay Path, 219, 220. 
Beach Neck, 224. 
Beal, J. W., 122, 238, 246. 

Zadock, 26. 
Beech Woods, 120. 
Belle House Neck, 95. 
Benson, Caleb, 72. 
Besarick, J. H., 73. 
Bigelow, Annie L., 175. 

Horatio, 96, 174. 
Birds, 274. 
Bisbee. Elijah, 75. 
Blacksmiths, 216. 
Blanchard C. C. and Eben, 211. 
Blatchford, Ida M., 113. 
Bond, Sarah A., 89. 
Bonney, Josiah, 26. 

Morton V., 26, 31, 34. 
Boots and Shoes, Man'f. of, 211. 
Bossuet, Josepli, 107. 
Bourn or Bourne, Louisa, 98. 
Nathan, 24. 
Remember, 21. 
Rev. Mr. -55. 
Ruth, 70. 
Samuel, 21. 
Boutwell, (ieorge S., 28. 
Bowen, Louisa Tower, 63. 
Bowker, Benjamin, 65. 
Edward A.. 26. 
Fred W., 88. 
Joshua, 65. 
Mi-s. Stephen, .51. 
Bowman. Cliarles F., 87. 
Braddoek. (icneral, 140. 
Bray, John, 23. 
Brean, Cliarles, 144. 

Nicholas, 144. 
Breare. Roliinson, 68. 
Bridge-s. 230. 

At Ludden's Ford, 231. 

Hatch's, 230. 

Little's 36, 95, 172. 

North River, 231. 232. 233. 234. 235, 

236. 237. 
South Hanover, 231. 
Union, 52. 
Bridgewater, 24, 52. 
Brighani, Edwin H., 113. 
Briggs. Cornelius, 183. 
C. W., 44. 
Deborali. 183. 
James, 183. 

Briggs, Joel, 70. 

L. Vernon, 113. 

S. H. R., 69. 

Walter, 183. 
Broad Oak, 120. 
Brockwell Charles, 58. 
Brook, Bailey's, 229. 

Burnt Plain, 209, 229. 

Hugh's Cross, 229. 

Indian Head, 14. 

Iron Mine, 180, 229, 210, 212, 224. 

Longwater, 229. 

Matthias, 209, 229. 

Stetson's, 2.30. 

Third Herring, 9, 11, 16, 172, 219,. 
227, 228, 229. 

Torrey's, 230. 
Brooks, Anna, 71. 

Curtis, 26, 70, 71. 

Eleanor, 70, 

J. Howard. 44, 51, 52, 120. 

John, 72, 209, 214. 

John S., 26, 32, 72, 217. 

Joseph, 26, 29, 32, 120, 209. 

Lydia, 70. 

Phillips, 61. 

Samuel, 214. 

Sarah, 70. 

Thomas D., 72. 

William Gray, 61. 

William Henry, 32, 34, 58, 61, 130. 
Brown, Clarence F., 98. 
Brownville, J. W., 88. 

Lottie W., 88. 
Bryant, (Uanville, 265. 

Harriet, 167. 

John, 41, 42. 

.Joseph, 12. 
Buck, Abner, 23. 

Isaac, 19, 23, 41, 44, 74, 75, 76. 80. 
Thomas, 75. 
Buffum, Sam'l F., 211. 
Bunker, (Jeorge, 25. 
Bunker Hill, 25. 
Burgess, Benj'a F., 26, 34. 
Burnett, Frank Hollis, 112. 
Buniham, J. R., 68. 
BurrouglLS, Charles I., 69. 

Jeremiah, 44. 
Butler. John, 71, 121. 

Cabot,Mary T., 113. 
Campbell, Ada A., 251. 
Carr, Lizzie Helen, 62. 
Carriage- making. 215. 
Cartier, Clunles, 107. 
Cemetery, 276. 
Chaddock, Calvin, 34, 83. 

Roxa, 98. 
Cliamberlin. Alplieiis N., 210. 

Henry E., 243. 

Norman, 106. 



Chapel, Bethany, 89. 

Catholic, 73. 
Chapin, Seth, 83. 121. 
Chapman, Daniel, 98. 
Nathan, 72. 
William, 87. 
Chauncy, Charles, 105, 232. 
Chickatabutt, Josias, 40. 
Chickering, John, 105. 
Chittenden, Isaae, 41, 42. 
Church, Benjamin, 99. 

First Cong'], 73. 

Robert S.. 2ti. 

Saba D., 250. 

Samuel II.. 26, 217, 223. 

Second Cong'l, 87. 

St. Andrew'.s 54. 

William, 21), 30, 80, 212. 
Church Hill, 56, 59. 
Clapp or Clap, Eugene H., "08 

Fred W., 208. 

George P., 206. 

Samuel, 43, 44, 46. 

Steaphen, 43, 76. 

Thoma.s, 7G. 
Clark, Christiana, 87. 

George J. J.. 199. 
Cleveland, F. L., 72. 

President, 154. 
Clock-makincf, 21.?. 
Clothing. 212. 
Collamore or Collamcr, EnocJi. 65 

Francis. 110, 278. 

John, 72. 

Joseph. 44. 

Peter, 209. 
Common Land-s or Flats. 21 i> 
Company, A. Culver. 179. 

E. II. Clapp liubber, 208. 

Hanover Artillery. 153, ]54. 15.", 

Ilanover Forge. 203. 

Hanover Rille. 155. 

National Fireworks, 190 -^Ofi 
tenant. Thomas, .32, 72. 
Copeland, Jane, 87. 

Lucinda, 87. 

Lucy, 87. 

William. 87. 
Cornish, Jame.s, 24. 

Joseph. 24. 118. 
Totherell, Tiieophilus, 65 
Country Ro;td, 22, 224. 
County Ofiicers, 25, 33 
<^ox. En OS, 70. 

Alargaret, 183. 
CVane, Abbie F., 103. 

Horace S., 44. 73 253 

Rufus S., 211 
f^ricket Hole. ISO ' 
Crocker or Crooker. DaniH. '4 

John H., 26 30 

Tilden, 265. 
Crosby. John S., 32. 

Oi'oss, Hugh's, 210, 222. 
Oudworth, James, 38, 41, 91. 
♦Airtis or Curtice, Albert J., 32. 

Alice Jtarian, 131. 

Anna, 70. 

Barker, 96. 

Benjamin, 18, 26, 

Bezaleel, 22. 

Consider, 208. 

Deborah, 70. 

Ebenezer, 121. 

Edward, 65, 238. 

Elijah, 59. 

Frederick H., 97. 

George, 176, 177, 178, 206, 208 

George A., 103. 

George W., 30, 43, 44. 212. 256. 

Hannah, 70. 

Henry .J., 26. 30, 32, 34. 

Hiram, 97. 

Joanna, 106. 

John, 26, 130, 131, 133, 134 213 

John F.. 103. 

Joseph, 18, 22, 29, 206, 209 

Josiah. 209. 

Lemuel, 26, 208, 210. 

Levi, 26. 29, 189. 

Melzar, 22, 23, 26. 29, 30, 34, 57. 188 
238. > ' - . , 

Nathaniel, 205. 

Olive, 71. 

Reuben, 29, 34, 107. 208. 

Robert, 32. 

Samuel, 26, 209. 

Seth, 70. 

Simeon, 96, 143, 212. 

Snow, 26. 

William, 26, 43, 44, 70 71 97 «^09 
212, 224. ' '-■--' 

William G., 97. 

William S., 85, 122. 
Curtis School Hou8t>, 17. 
Curtis Street, 120. 

Gushing, Elijah, 12. 18. 19, 24. 26. 29 
30, 33, 74, 76. 80. 200, 201 ' "" ' 

Ezekiel, 32. 

Ezekiel Dotlge, 107. 

Hannah. 82. 

Horatio. 26. 34. 

James, 76. 

John, 42, 76, 82. 95. 97. 170 ""3 

Joseph, 27, 29. 30, 33. 96, li9"l45 

Lemuel, 105. 1 15. 

Ma.ry, 106. 

Kehemiah, 9, 12, 39, 201 

William, 95. 119. 
Cushman, Jothain, 97. 
Cutler. Samuel, 32. 

Samuel G., 60. 

Timothy, ,55, 56. 



Dale, Project, 205. 
Damon, Andrew T., 83, 242, 277, 
Bernard, 29, 243. 
Bradford S., 211. 
Daniel E., 87, 101. 
Eells, 71. 
E. 0., 43. 
George, 215. 
Isaac N., 65. 
John, 41, 42. 
Joshua, 65. 
Lieut., 55. 
Lucy F., 73. 
Mary, 70. 

Thomas, 27, 184, 208. 
Daphne, Queen, 51. 
Davenport, Addington, 58. 

Mr., 57. 
Davis, Nathaniel, 12. 

Richard Harding, 168. 
William T., 185. 
Deane, 17, 38, 41. 
Despard, Lambert, 179, 199. 
Dick, King, 51. 
Dickie. Robert B., 71. 
Dillingham, John, 24. 

Sarah, 189. 
Dinzey, Amy, 63. 
Ethel, 63. 
Joseph, 62. 
Disbrow, Edward D., 32, 86. 
Dodson, Anthony, 44. 
Donnell, Joseph, 59. 
Reuben C, 27. 
Samuel, 265. 
Dowden, William H., 17, 75, 8.5, 8.J. 242. 
Downes, Nath'l L., 111. 
Doyle, Mr., 132. 

Draper, Governor Eben S., 168. 
Drinkwater, 120. 
Dudley, Charles, 112. 
Dunbar, Darius, 71. 
Duncan, Abel G., 32, 34, 84, 103. 

William Paley, 103, 124. 
Dwelley Abner, 18. 19, 24, 27. 76. 
George R., 29, 32, 122, 124. 
James H., 204. 
Jedediah 27, 30, 32, 33, 34, 3.5, 103, 

116, 132, 144, 157. 
John H., 257. 
Joshua, 238. 
Josie, 116. 

Lemuel, 27, 188, 208, 258. 
Mary, 212. 
Melzar, 106, 154. 
Robert E., 265. 
William, 119. 
Dwight, Daniel, 79. 

David, 74. 
Dyer, Charles, 27, 34, 205. 
E. Porter, 88. 
John F., 68. 

Dyer, Mary, 93, 94. 
Waldo, 262. 

Eaton, Benjamin F., 68. 
Ecclesiastical History, 53. 
Education, 117. 
Eells, Edward, 27. 

George W., 87. 

Mary B., 87. 

Priscilla, 87. 

Robert, 27, 34. 

Robert L., 22, 27, 30, 33, 120, 145. 

Samuel, 27, 96, 216. 
Eliot, President, 124. 
Ellis, Mordecai, 27, 59. 

Otis. 92. 
Estes, Matthew, 225. 

William, 225. 

Zaccheus, 92, 249. 
Estes family, 216. 
Evans, Samuel E., 85. 
Everson, John W., 34. 

Fish, Elizabeth A., 46. 
Fisher, Mary, 89. 
Fiske, John, 25. 
^ Fitz Gerald, Margaret, 119. 
Richard, 24, 118, 120. 
Flagg. Joshua, 68. 
Flavell, John, 31. 
Mary E., 240. 
Sarah J., 240. 
Florow, 22. 
Floyd, Mr., 43. 
Fobes, Joseph Bassett, 108. 
Ford, David Barnes, 60, 122. 
John, 39. 
Lavina S., 132. 
Lydia, 71. 
Rhoda, 87. 
William, 24. 
Forge & Finery, at South Hanover, 201, 

202, 203. 
Forge at Ludden's Ford, 206, 207, 208. 
Forge, Upper, 120. 
Foster, Edward, 95. 

Freeman, 59, 107. 
Fox, George, 89. 
Franklin, Ben'ja., 212. 
Fredericks, John, .52. 
Freeman, Diana, 87. 
James, 184. 
Joseph. 32, 84. 
Lemuel, 87. 
French, Charles P., 111. 

John Ordway, 109, 111. 

Gardner, Sarah, 59. 

Thomas J., 27, 32, 34. 
Garratt, Alfred C, 87, 108. 
Gill, Nathaniel. 24, 209. 



Goldsmith, Joab, 59. 
Goodrich, Nathan \., 2\± 
Goodwin, T. H., 72. 
Gould, John, 184. 

Tilson, 199. 
Grand Array of Republic. Ili.'j. (See also 

Post No. 83.) 
Great Lots, 224. 
Green, Anna R., 85. 
Green' Field, 17. 
Greenleaf, Eliazer A., (it!. 
Gridley, Jeremy, 119. 
Griswold, Bishop, 57, liO. 
Gross, Elisha, 65. 

John, 65, 67. 
Grovestein, AVilliam P., 112. 
Guth, Theodore K., 9(5. 173, 174. 

Hackett, Wallace, 2U9. 
Hagborne, Elizabeth, 1(1."). 
Halfway House. 219. 
Halifax, 24. 
Hall, Benjamin B., 46. 

Jeremiah, 105. 

Nancy, 205. 
Hammatt, Lucia, 98. 
Hammond, Charles, 112, 115. 
Hancock, John, 25. 
Hammer Benjamin, 18, 24. 
Hanover's Railroad. 175. 

Directors of, 17S. 
Hanson, 13, 14, 33. 
Hapgood, Frost & Co.. 132. 
Harlow, Samuel, 18. 23. 
Harraden, Frank S.. (il. 
Harris, B. N., 72. 

B. W., 101. 
Harvell, Elisha T.. 233. 
Hatch, Deborah, 222. 225. 

Isaac, 12, 21, 119, 12<i. 

Israel, 27. 

James, 18, 27, 31. 38, 80, 200, 278. 

Jeremiah, 12, 43. 46. 47. 

John, 17, 77. 

Walter, 44. 

William, 38. 
Hatherly, Timothy. 38, 39. 91. 
Hawes, Edward, 39. 

M. E., 68. 
Hay ward, Leslie J., 216. 
Henry's Lane, 22, 223. 
Hinckley, Josiah W.. 210, 211. 
Hines, Daniel, 97. 
Hitchcock, Gad, 107. 
Hoar, Ebenezer Rockwood, 96. 

George Frisbie, 96. 
I John, 38, 44, 96. 

' Hobart, xVaron. 31. 34. ,35, 97. 121. 
' Deborah, 106. 

Elihu, 205. 

Peter, 106. 

Thomas, 203. 

Hobart ".s Landing, 172. 
Holland, Dr.. 220. 
Hollingsworth, Richard, 171. 
Mollis, Elizabeth A., 116. 
Holmes, Cyiiis. 32, ;!4. 

Sophia A., 87. 
Holton, Edward P.. 88. 
Holyoke. Edwani A.. 104. 
Hotels, 264. 
House, Harrison L., 40, 07. 

James W., 13. 

John, 23, 119. 

Joseph, 19, 74, 76, 196. 

Samuel, 23, 172. 
Houses, Old, 242 to 263. 

"Wm. 11. Dowden," 242. 

"Andrew T. Damon," 242. 

"Henry E. Chamberlin," l' 13. 

"Bernard Damon," 243. 

"Baldwin House," 106. 241. 

"Cricket Hole," 244. 

"Frederick B. Hall," 245. 

"Lous' House at Four Corners." 245.. 

"Martin W. Stetson," 246. 

"Joshua Stetson," 246. 

J. W. Beal, "Witherell House," 246. 

"Ruth J. Stetson," 247. 

"Broad Oak Farm," 247. 

"James Tolman," 247. 

"Edward Barstow," 248. 

"E. Q. Sylvester," 248. 

"R. C. Waterman" (Water Street)^ 

"Zaccheus Estes," 249. 

"Saba D. Church," 250. 

"Judson Studley," 250. 

"Tryphena Whiting," 251. 

"Ada A. Campbell," 251. 

"Ezekiel R. Studley," 252. 

"Judson Vining," 253. 

"Nathan C. Whiting,'' 253. 

"Horace S. Crane." 253. 

"Robert L. Killam," 253. 

"John F. Simmons," 254. 

"Ethan T. Perry," 255. 

"Henry W. Percival," 255. 

"George W. Curtis," 256. 

"William Stockbridge," 25(5. 

"John H. Dwelley," 256. 

"John S. Smith," 257. 

"I-«muel Dwelley," corner of Unioii' 
and Main Streets, 257. 

"Ethan Perry," 258. 

"Lemuel Dwelley" (Union St.), 258. 

"Isaac (i. Stetson," 259. 

"Smith House" of M. A. Phillips, 259. 

"Joseph Tubbs," 260. 

"Jane B. Reed. ' 261. 

"Job Tilden." 261. 

"Waldo Dyer," 262. 

Other Old Houses. 263. 



Howes, Clarence L., 32, 108, Hi 
126, 131. 
Woodbridge, R., 32, 108, IJu. 
Howland, Ebenezor B., 87. 
Hunt, Thomas, 16. 
Hutchinson, Anne, 93. 
Hyland, William, 65. 

Incoqjoration of the Town, 9. 
Indians, 47. 
Iron, 179. 

Jacobs, Charles, 27. 

David, 23, 27, 29, 34. 
Deborah, 105. 
Edward F., 65. 
Eugenia H.. 103. 
Henrv B., 193. 
Ichabod R., 65. 
James, 65. 
Jame^ H.. 65. 
Joseph, 22, 144. 193. 
Joshua, 193. 
Loring, 65. 
Nathaniel. 106. 
Stephen, 27, 65. 
James, William, 44, 172. 
Jefferson. Thomas, 213. 
Jenkins, David, 23, 119. 

Thomas, 44, 224. 
Jenner, Edward, 104. 
Jones, Adeline, 101. 
Charles, 65. 
James, 216. 
John, 65. 
Josselyn, Alonzo N., 26."'). 
Charles, 202. 
Eli E.. 113. 
Florus, 216. 
Jabcz. 207. 

Joseph, 18, 27. 31. 184, 201. 
Nathaniel, 205. 
Oren. 27, 29, 32, 34. l.')7. 
Ozen, 265. 
Stephen, 188, 211. 
Thomas, 18, 27. 29, 31, 33, 
140, 205. 

Kane. Patrick, 224. 
Keith, Helen Hall, 125. 
Kempton, Ephriam, 44. 
Kendall, Frederick, 96. 
Kilburn, David, 86. 
Killam. Charles. H., 27, 34. 

Robert L., 32, 67, 68. 
Killam and Turner, 211. 
Kinji, Thomas, 44. 
Kingman. David, 265. 
Kneeland. Abner, 68. 
Knight, John G., 32, 122. 

112. Lambert, Isaac, 23. 
John, 23. 
Zaccheus, 70. 
Landmarks, 209 to 273. 
Land Titles, 38. 
Lane, Jenkins, 177. 
Lapham, William T., 87. 
Lawrence, Bishop, 61. 
Le Barron, Francis, 98. 

Priscilla, 98. 
Le Blanc, Pere, 144. 
Lefavorer, Amos, 71. 
Library, l^iblic, 129. 
Lincoln, Jeremiah, 106. 
President, 157, 185. 
Litchfield, George, 65. 
Harry W., 278. 
Joseph, 82. 
Nicholas, 76. 
Percy H., 65. 
Little, Isaac, 207. 
Liverraore, Mary Ashton. 128. 
Locke, Mary Haven, 86. 
Long, Governor, 135. 
Lord, Orlando M., 88. 
Loring, Benjamin, 12. 
Lowell, Nelson, 166. 
Ludden, James, 220. 
Lynn, Cephas B., 69. 

MacCartney, Frederick 0., 233. 

Mace, J. M., 72. 

MacMillan, A. L., 96, 110, 112. 

Macomber, Thomas, 190. 

Magoun, Enoch, 173. 

Mann. Albert G., 209. 

Benjamin, 18, 27, 31, -59, 189. 209. 
Bethia, 205. 
Caleb, 209. 
Caleb A., 211. 
Hannah, 71. 
Horace, 123. 
Joel, 87. 
Joshua, 27, 188. 
Nathaniel, 44. 
Manning, Martha A.. 86. 
78, 80, Map of "Allotments, 44. 
Marsh, Caleb. 106. 
McQuaid, William P.. 73. 
Mears. John, 215. 
MeetinsT House District. 120. 
Mellen,' John, 83, 106. 

Mr., 64. 
Merritt, Henry, 23. 

John, 44. 
Mighill, Thomas, 198. 
Military History, 137. 

King Philip's War, 138, 139. 
French and Indian War, 140. 
Names of Soldiers in French and 

Indian War, 140, 141, 142. 
Revolution, 144. 



Military, Soldiers in Revolution. 14S. 
149, loO, 151. 152. 

Committees of Safety in Revolution, 
146, 147. 

Military Companies (Local), ir)3 t<> 

War of 1812, 154. 

Committees of Safety. 156. 

Pay Roll of Company of Infuntry 
and Artillery, 156. 

Civil War, 157. 

Names of Soldiers in Civil War, 
157, 158, 15!), 160. 161, K32. 163. 

Names of Soldiers Who Dird or 
were Killed in Service, lii."5. 

Blue and Red War of 190n. 168. 
Miller, Ebenezor. 55, 56. 
Millet, Robert N., 122. 
Mills and Manufacturers, 193. 

Old Mill on Webster Str.ct, 209. 

Grist Mill on Iron Mine l>rook,210. 

Jacob's Mill, 66. 

Jacob's Saw Mill. 193. 

Drinkwater, 17, 40, 196. 

Drinkwater Iron Works. 197. 

Titian V, 15, 194. 

John Clap]), 193. 

Waterman Tack Factory. 2(t5. 2fK). 

Samuel H. Church Mill, 19:!. 

Cornet Stetson, 194. 

Charles Simmons. 194. 

Eliab Mill. 195. 

Hatch's Mill. 200. 

Rockv Run Mill, 203. 

North Hanover Saw Mill. 209. 

Lemuel Curtis' (irist Mill. 210. 

Samuel Salmond & Son Tack Fac- 
tory. 194, 195. 

New Forj^e, now Ezra i'hillips & 
Sons' Tack Factory, 201. 

Old Forge, now E. IT. ( lapp Rulibcr 
Co., 206. 

Joseph Brook's Mill, 209. 
Moderators, 30. 
Morel, Albert, 216. 
Morse, Horace W.. 68. 

Lewis D.. 72. 

Marcus, 211. 

William. 27, 31, 32, 34, 1811. 211. 
Morton. Tchabod. 123. 

Nathaniel. 39, 233. 
Murphy, :Mary, 103. 
Murray. John. 63. 66. 67. 

Nash, Joseph. ine S., 274. 

Melvin S., 32, 34. 35, 67. 69, 116. 122. 
131, 132. 

Samuel, 39. 
Neal, Sarah, 70. 
Nepjro Girl Maria, 183. 
Nichols, Rebecca. 172. 

Thomas, 172. 

Nick Uill, 23. 

> oyes, Nathaniel K., 112. 

Old, Peter, 52. 
Oldham, George B., 16"-. 
Orchard, Robert, 196. 
Otis, Isaac. 105. 

Job, 18, 23, 76. 

Joseph, 44. 

Stephen, 183. 
( >\erseer3 of the Poor, 25. 

I'ackard, Alpheus, 27. 
1 'aimer. Ezekiel, 24. 

Jcduthan, 173. 

Josliua. 24. 

Josiah, 24, 201, 206. 
I'antooset, 96. 
Parker, Samuel, 59. 
Peakes, William, 44. 
Peaslee, Martha D., 109. 
Peg's Swamp, 52. 
Pembroke, 12, 13, 14, 15, 24. .il. 

Second Precinct of. 13. 24. 

W^^st Parish of, 13. 
Percival, John, 110. 

Sylvanus, 265. 
Perkins, l>arnabas, 70, 71. 

Henry. 88. 

Lorenzo 1)., 127, 237. 

Luey, 70. 

Oziaa, 27, 29. 
Perry or Perrie. Charles G.. 188. 

Etlward A., 32, 68. 

Tvlward Y., 34, 46. 177. 203, 206, 
210, 211, 212. 217. 

Edward Y. & Co.. 203. 

E. Thatcher, 44. 

Isaac. 189. 

Israel. 27, 31. 

Joseph, 24. 

Paul. 121. 

Thomas. 43. 

William, 206. 
Peterson, I\Iarv, 188. 
Philip, Sachem 99, 
Phillips, Calvin T., 34. 178. 203. 

Charles Follen, 103. 

Ezra. 177. 200, 203, 210. 

Ezra & Sons, 203. 

Lot, 210. 211, 217. 

Lot & Company, 179. 

Lot & Co. Corp'n, 210, 211. 

Morrill, A., 101, 132. 212. 

Sophia R. S.. 32. 101. 

Wendell. 133. 
Phillips, Bates & Co., 179. 217. 
Physical Changes, 36. 
Physicians, 104, 
Pickering, David, 68. 
Pierce or Peirce, Michael, 41, 42, 138. 
Ploughs, Manufacture of, 214, 215. 



Plymouth, 15. 
Pocorny, Joseph, 265. 
Poll Parish, 65. 
Pond, Accord,, 38, 39. 

David Jacob's Saw WW. 9. 

Mattakeesit, 179. 
Poor, Support of, 187. ISS. 189. 
Post No. 83, 163, 164, 241. 
Post Masters, 265, 266. 
Post Offices, 265 to 269. 
I>ratt, Calvin B., 32, 108. 

Harvey H., 101. 

John W., 32. 

Jonathan, 18. 

Phinehas, 15. 
l^est, Andrew, 52. 

Helen M., 51. 
Professional Men, 95. 
Prouty, David, 209, 214. 

Lorenzo, 215. 
Public Buildings, 238. 
Putnam, George, 123. 

Israel, 59. 

Quakers, 21, 89, 93. 

Ramsdell, Barker, 188. 

Joseph, 27, 120, 145. 
Randall, Elisha, 22. 

Hannah, 17-1. 

Job, 207. 

Samuel, 65. 

Stephen, 120. 
Randolph, Edward. 213. 
Ransom and Higgins, 73. 
Rathburn, Valentine W., 70. 
Rantoul, Robert, 123. 
Read or Reed, Andrew. 32, 72. 

Jesse, 203, 208. 

Washington, 177. 
Record, Lewis L., 68. 
Rein, Augustus P., 68. 
Representatives, 33. 
Richards, Jacob, 108. 
Richmond, Sophia, 99. 
River, Drinkwater, 227, 229. 230. 

Indian Head, 9, 13, 14, 38, 39, 46, 
47. 227, 228. 

North, 9, 10, 16, 22, 36. 38, .52, 227, 
Road, Layout of Drinkwater. 224. 

Scoosct, 52. 
Roads and Highways, 219. 
Robbins, Timothy, 29, 31, 120. 
Robinson, Isaac, 91. 

Thomas, 44. 

Rockland. 15, 33, 39. 

Rocky Swiimp, .52. 

Rogers, Eunice, 23. 

James, 24. 

John, 196, 276. 

Rogers, Thomas, 24, 99. 

\Yhvr, 22, 24. 
lioosevelt, Col., 169. 
Roscoe, H. Gertrude, 60. 
Rose, Seth, 212. 

Thomas, 27, 29. 

Timothy, 27, 31, 1.53. 
Rubber Factory, 13. 
Russell, George C, 27. 

HaiTiet E., 32. 

Solomon, 73. 

Saddle Business, 216. 
Salmond, Eliza, 62, 277. 

Elizabeth, 175. 

Robert. 106, 121, 202. 

SAmuel, 62, 175. 
Sampson, Huldah F., 87. 

Jonathan, 173. 
School Committee, 31. 
School Houses, 238, 23'.), 240, 241. 
Scituate, 9, 10, 14, 18, 23, 38. 

South Parish in, 57. 
Seaver, Horace, 71. 
Selectmen, 25, 26, 27, 28. 
Senators, 35. 
Sewall, Judge, 279. 
Shanahan, Richard J., 231. 
Shipbuilding, 170, 174. 

Barstow Yard, 172. 

Briggs Ship Yard. 172. 

Old Barstow Yiud, 172. 

Turner's Yard, 174. 

"Will James" Dock, 172. 

Ship Yards, 174. 
Shipman, William B., 68. 
Sill, James, 51. 
Simmons, Aaron, 41. 

Charles, 65. 

Charles F,, 98. 

Ebenezer, 27, 31, 32, 34, 99, 189, 23S- 

Elizabeth A., 103. , 

George F., 98. 

Henry F., 103. 

Henry H.. 98. 

John F., 31, 32, 99, 101, 128, 131^ 

Joshua, 27, 65, 99, 145. 

Martha A., 98. 

Mary F., 103. 

Moses, 41, 99, 

Moses R., 101, 112. 

Perez, 27, 31, 32, 34, 35, 6."). 95, 98^ 

Samuel, 65. 

Sophia R., 101. 

Thalia, 103. 

Thomas, 52. 

William, 96, 98. 
Skiff, Samuel, 24, 80. 
Slason, William, .32. 

William M., 72. 



Slavery, 181. 

Names of Slaves in Hanover, ISI, 182. 

183, 184. 
Smith, Albeit, 31, 34. 3,1, 57, !t8, 154, 
175, 186. 
Anne, 98. 
Elias. 08. 
Ethan, 32, 84. 
John. 38. 
John S., 119. 

Joseph, 167, 175, 178, 201, 205.- 
Joseph Barker, 162, 168. 
Rear Admiral, 162. 
Snappet, 120. 
Soper, Alexander, 23. 

Josepli, 23, 27. 
Soule, Aaron, 75. 
South Scituate, 15, 33. 
Spiritualism, 92. 
Standish, Miles, 220, 
Staples, Joshua, 24. 

Samuel. 18. 24, 80. 
State Officers, 25. 
Stearns Cliarles F., 16, 215. 
Stetson, Albert, 27, 29, 52. 

Benjamin, 28, 31, 119, 201, 209. 
Benjamin L., 52. 
Cornet, 13. 
Eliza, 155. 
Ephraim, 265. 
Henry M., 135. 
Isaac G., 28, 31, 34. 
Joseph, 205. 
Joseph F., 166. 
Joshua, 28. 
Luke, 120. 
Martin W., 203. 
Nathan, 72. 

Robert, 40, 41, 135, 222. 
Samuel. 18, 28, 75, 79. 
Turner, 28, 31, 34, 52, 189. 
Stevens, Horace P., 68, 
Stewart, W. H„ 72. 
Stockbridge, Abby W., 87. 
Benjamin, 105, 216. 
Charles, 18, 28, 42, 106. 
David, 13, 21, 22, 28, 29, 30. 33, 34. 

35, 96, 277. 
Frank, 44, 92, 118. 
Horatio, 107. 
John, 107. 

Joseph, 28, 29, 31, 77, 80. 
Joseph C, 32. 
Lucy W., 165. 
Mary T., 173. 
Thomas, 59, 206. 
William, 28. 
Stoddard, David IL, 216. 
John, 18. 
Seth, 65. 
Stone, S. G., 32. 

Timothy D. P., 87. 
iStore Keepers, 216. 

Streams, 227. 

Streets and Highways. 219. 

Birch Bottom, 227. 

Broadway. 16, 17. 

Cedar, 223, 226. 

Center, 223. 

Circuit, 223. 224. 

East, 17, 223. 

Elm, 17, 223, 225. 

Hanmer Hook, 227. 

Hanover, 223, 224. 

Henry's Lane. 226. 

King, 223, 226, 

Main, 223, 226. 

Mill, 17, 223. 

Mill Lane, 226. 

Myrtle, 223. 

North, 223. 

Pine, 223. 

Plain, 223. 226. 

Pleasant, 223. 

Pond, 223. 

Rockland, 223. 

School, 223, 225. 

Silver, 223. 

Spring, 223, 225. 

Summer, 17, 223. 

Union, 223, 224. 

Walnut, 223. 

Washington, 16, 223. 17. 

Water, 223. 
Webster, 223, 224. 

West Avenue, 223. 
Whiting, 223, 225. 
Winter, 223, 225. 

(Now discontinued), 226, 227. 
Stringer and Brigham. 57. 
Studlev, Benjamin, 28. 31, 120 
David, 213. 
Eliab, 120, 264. 
Ezekiel R., 33. 34. 
Fred A., 213. 
Gideon, 189. 
Joseph H., 33, 34, 211. 
Joshua, 30. 33, 65, 107, 121. 277 
John, 119. 

Robert H., 28, 31, 157. 
Sturtevant, RufiLS M., 28. 169. 
Sutton, Reuben, 65. 
Sweeny Henry L., 111. 
Sweet, C. D., 72. 
Sylvester, Abel, 65. 
Albert L., 63. 
Amos, 18, 28. 
Amy, 63. 
Benjamin, 18. 
Caleb, 120. 

I^xlmund Q., 61, 132, 177, 178. 
Elijah W., 173, 
Elizabeth, 173. 
Eliza Salmond, 61. 
George F., 173. 
John, 176, 203. 



Syivfcdit-r, Joseph, 4U, 2»i4. 
' L. Curtis, 28. 
Martha A., 87. 
Nathaniel, 28, 96, 173. 
Robert, 87, 154, 217. 
Samuel, 28. 
Sarah, 87. 

Tabor, James B., 68. 
Tanneries, 212. 
Taylor, Bayard, 219. 
Benjamin, 23. 
John, 23, 80. 
Thayer, Oiarles E., 169. 
Thomas and Connor, 233. 
Thomas, Huldah, 71. 
Thompson, Ebenezer, .58, 59. 
Jane, 59. 
Mr., 57. 
Thoreau, 52. ^ 

Tiffany, Recompense, 2^, 28. ^y. 
Tilden, Calvin, 107. 
Calvin S., 103. 
Cuffee, 1S4. 
Job. 183, 184. 
Joseph. 38, 105. 
Nathaniel, 44. 
Tillinshast, Ch.arles F., 99. 
Tenth U. S. Cavalry (coloreoi), 169. 
Tillson. Mercer V., 13. 
Tindale, Thomas, 210, 212. 
Tobey, J. J-. 72. 
Tolman, Charles, 85. 
Ebenezer, 65. 
Herbert C, 115. 
James, 87. 
Joseph, 78. 
Mary, 87. 
Mary T.,, 128. 
Mns. •Ti^.mcs T., 98. 
Torrev, llaviland, 208. 

James, 18, 38. 118. 201. 205. 223. 
John, 23. 
Toto, George, 51. 
Mercy, 51. 
Rhoda, 51. 
Tower, John, 52, 185. 
Towle, Ella, 112. 
Town Clerks, 29. 
Town House, 238. 
Town Officers, 25. 
Town Treasurers, 29. 
Tripp, Joseph A., 265. 
Tuck, Jacob, 33, 72. 
Turner, Palmer and Magoun, lU. 
Turner, Amasa, 80. 
Amos, 28, 200. 
Barker. 173. 
Charles, 154. 
Cornelius, 264. 
David, 65, 174. 
Etta, 86. 

Turner, Ezekiel, 13, 28, 31, 33, 41, 81. 
Humphrey, 38. 
Isaac, 9, 22. 
James. 87. 
John, 41, 42, 44. 
Jonathan, 65. 
Joshua, 75. 
Julia A., 87. 
Lucy, 70. 
S. Nathan, 238. 
Thomas, 42, 215. 
Two Oaks, 173. 
Tyng, Stephen H., 60. 

Universalist Society, 63. 

Van Kirk, James W., 86. 
Vassal, John, 44. 
Ventres, E. E. 72. 
Vickery, Hugh, 18, 23. 
Vinal, Ezekiel, 23. 
Vose, Henry E., 68. 



Wade, Henry, 108. 

Nicholas, 44. 
Wales Athei-ton, 264. 
Walnut Tree Hill, 96. 
Wampatuck, Josias, 38, 39. 
Wanton, Edward, 44, 91, 191), 206, 207, 
Michael, 40, 91, 199, 200. 
War, (See Military History.) 
Ward, William H., 230. 
Warren, Ira. 110, 133. 

Richard, 99. 
Washington, Booker T., 185. 
Geoi-ge, 213. 
General, 140, 153. 
Waterman, Eben C, 28, 33, :!4. 175, 236, 
Lenuicl C, 177, 206. 
Rodolphus C, 15, 28, 34, 206. 
Webster, Daniel, 97, 123, 186, 236. 
Wells, Mary B., 116. 
Weymouth, 15. 
Wheeler, William W., 59. 
White, Albert, 28, 30, 33. 
Fred, 216. 
Gowen, 44. 
Mary W., 111. 
Thomas, 33. 
Timothy. 196, 209. 
Whiston, John, 44, 
Whiting or Whitten, Albert. 88. 
Caleb, 121. 
Horatio, 33. 
Thomas, 24, 28, 223. 
Tryphena, 33. ; 

William, 28, 225. 
WTiittcmore Benjamin, 33, 68. 



"VVIiitman, Benjamin, 96, ir>;i 

Zachariah, 96. 
Wiiitwell, Benjamin, 108. 
Wild, Betsey, 88. 

John, 88. 
Wilder, Calvin, 65. 

Isaac M., 87, 177, 217. 

Joseph E., 165. 

Lueinda, 87. 

Ruth, 87. 
Wiikes, Thomas, 24, 28, :>1. 
Willard, J., 56. 
Willes, Samuel, 44. 
Williams, John, 44. 
Wilson, Susannah, 88. 
Wing, Bachelor, 18, 24. 

Ebenezer, 24. 

Elijah, 121. 

Isaiah, 97. 

Sylvanufi, 24, 119. 

Solomon, 18, 24. 
Winslow, Capt., 140. 

Charles, 28. 

Edward, 59. 

Winslow, John, 97, 140, 14:5. 

Richard, 167. 

Suftaiina, 70. 
Winthiop, Governor, 219. 220. 
Witherell, David, 24. 

Josiah, 65. 

Samuel, 22. 

William, 18, 19, 28, 29. 65, 77. 
Wolcott, Asa C, 60. 

Calvin, 33, 59, 121. 

(ieorge T.. 60. 

Samuel G., 60. 
AA^ood. Alexander, 33, 87. 98 

Wilkes, 98. 
AVoodtield, John, 44. 
Woodward Hill, 119. 
Woodworking, 210. 
Woodworth, Benjamin, 24. 

Ebenezer, 24. 

John, 18, 24. 

Joseph, 202. 
'Wright, George W., 86. 

Warren. 216. 


As a rule abbreviations have been avoided No exp^^^^^^^^^ 
made of those that are reasonably clear. I he meaning ^i 
of such as seem to demand it : 

,3 H Hanover. 

"'' f^i'i i,^irlv..ti num., unmarrii^d. 

ch. child or childien. ^,^^ 

^•' ^'f' o-h+Pr >vid., widow, 

dau., daughter. ' 



By Jedediah Diuelley 

More time has been given to collecting and arranging the family 
genealogies than is apparent to the careless reader, and yet the 
writer believes that the number of those persons who have been 
identified with Hanover and whose names do not appear in the 
following pages, is nearly as great as the number presented This 
is of necessity true Some collectors of family genealogies have 
numerous "Coats of Arms"; but the writer has made no effort to 
make such a collection. In New England a Coat of Arms has no 
signihcance when genuine; and, when spurious, it tends to lower 
rather than to elevate the possessor, in the estimation of thouo-htful 
people. *= 

An investigation made some years ago by the Historic Genealogi- 
cal Society tailed to discover more than twenty-nine families 
among all the thousands that rame from Great Britain to the Nev; 

thpl" M'^'iif 7 ' T' '^'^i*^'^ *° ^^'^^^ ^™°"^1 bearings with 
them.^ Mr. Waters, from whom the above statement is quoted 
says, ihere are many spurious heraldic claims set forth by those 
who have too strong a liking for the symbols ol' aristocracy These 
families use coats of arms of recent manufacture " 

mifir' T/''' T'""^''}- ""P»"^M'"^liccd study to genealogy with- 
out acknowledging how little difference there is In families re- 
garding the quality of their ancestry. lamuies re 
David Starr Jordan says, "Tiiere are few, if any. Englishmen and 
Anieric^ns to-day but have royal blood in their veins/' 

,..r\I.^' '^ ^"' T^^ ^^'^"^"-^ °^ ^^^ England, says: «Who- 
tha trhln''/'fi^'' ^'1°'? '^' ^'^^^' "P°^ ^^^««^ lines, it is certain 
hat the blood of King Egbert runs in your veins. It is as certain 
that It meets there with the blood of Egbert's meanest thralP' 

date ofTp t ^r ■' fT ''xJm^' ^" ^''''''^ ^' ^"^^^^try back to the 
Hvn +^ ^'^^ j^^^^^"^ of «ie Pilgrims, find one thousand, perhans 
two thousand ancestors, to all of whom he owes something in nbv 

r—C^^' ^^- '\ '' '^'^ *^^* ^* different houfs'a ^1" 
represents each of his several ancestors. 

beinVlrTfl'''^"""^. ^^ T' ^' exceptional that they can boast of 
0? t^eSrS ^:^' - '-' ''^^ - ^- - daughter! 


More than one quarter of the people of Hanover to-day can 
trace their descent from the Mayflower, many of them on three or 
four different lines. It is also true that there is hardly a person 
whose American ancestry goes back to the War of the Revolution 
but will find one or two and perhaps a half dozen of such ancestors 
who fought in that war. 

Perhaps too much has been said on these lines, but they must be 
the excuse of the writer for neglecting to emphasize superiority or 

"However it be, it seems to me, 
'T is only noble to be good : 
Kind hearts are more than coronets 
And simple faith than Norman blood." 

To those, however, who study genealogy without pride or pre- 
tence, the words of Daniel Webster in his Plymouth address of 
1820, when ho dwelt on the value of genealogy as an aid and an 
incentive to right living are quoted : "Next to a religious duty I 
hardly know what should bear with stronger obligation on a liberal 
and enlightened mind than a consciousness of an alliance with ex- 
cellence that has departed, and, a consciousness, too, that, in the 
acts and conduct and even in its 'sentiments and thoughts, the 
mind may be actively operating on the hapj)iness of those who are 
to come after it." 

The writer shivers when he thinks of the mistakes that will be 
discovered, and he will simply quote, as applicable, what the com- 
piler of the genealogical part of the History of Hingham says on 
this subject : "That there may be errors of omission and erroi-s 
of date, as well as in the spelling of names (especially Christian 
names) in some portion of the work, which the genealogist of each 
family will notice, and perhaps criticise, is not improbable. But 
when it is considered that more than 50,000 lines with as many 
Christian names and about three times the number of dates have 
been written and re-written many times, — that the town, the 
parish, and family records often disagree concerning the same 
Ijirth, marriage, or death, and that in many instances, especially of 
recent date, the facts required could not be ascertained from either 
public or private records, — it is hoped that the embarrassing con- 
ditions under which the writer has often labored, together with 
the magnitude of the undertaking, will in some measure be ac- 
cepted as an excuse for whatever is unsatisfactory." 

It has been hard to collect all that has been presented, because 
of the failure of absent persons to respond, and in a few instances 
families have been omitted because of their own preference. 

While we have given some facts of a later date, we have tried to 
carry this work in its fullness to the first day of January, 1908, 
only. Some of the omitted families had at that time but recent- 
ly arrived in town. A few families who have become residents 
!^inoe that date and have become thoroughly identified with the 
town, have been included. 



1. William B. (s. of Elias W.) b. in Boston; m. in 1880, Eliza- 
beth Clanty, dau. of William Clanty. She was b. in Ireland. 
Besides on Washington street, near Assinippi village. 
Children : 
i. William E., b. 1883. 
ii. Sadie I., b. 1884. 


1. William T., b. in Ireland, Dec. 25, 1854. Came to America 
in 1858; m. Nov. 17, 1880, Mary A. McEnroe, dau. of John Mc- 
Enroe (1). Besides on Pleasant street. 
Children born in Hanover: 

i. W. Howard, Feb. 6, 1890. 

ii. Josephine L., July 19, 1897. 


1. Frank (s. of Columbus) b. in West Bridgewater, July 18, 
1846; m. Apr. 1, 1867, Ellen Heffeny, dau. of John Heffeny. She 
was b. in Stoughton, Dec. 25, 1846, and d. Apr. 10, 1902. Came 
to Hanover in 1877. Besides at Assinippi. Served in the Civil 

Children : 
2. i. Frank S., b. in Salisbury, Mass., Aug, ;], 1871. 

ii. Nellie A., b. in Lawrence, Mass., Feb. 19, 1877; m. 
Isaac Hersey, s. of Seth Hersey of Hingham. Be- 
sides in Dorchester. No ch. 

2. Frank S. (s. of Frank^) m. Nov. 20, 1899, Flora E. Phillips, 
dau. of Lot Phillips (1). Editor of Bockland Standard. 

Children : 
i. Dorothy, b. in Bockland, Jan. 10, 1901 ; d. Apr. 7, 

ii. H. Stedman, b. in Hanover, Feb. 23, 1007. 


1. Eev. Cyrus W. (s. of John, of Taunton) b. Oct. 28, 1806, and 
d. in 1882; m. June 6, 1837, Mar}^ Folger, of Nantucket. She 
was b. Nov. 15, 1816. Pastor of 'First Cong'l Church for many 

Children : 

2. i. George 0., b. in Norton, Oct. 25, 1838. 

3. ii. Bowland H., b. in Norton, Aug. 30, 1840. 

iii. Henry F., b. in Norton, Sept. 2, 1841 ; d. Jan. 19, 1902, 

iv. Laban W., b. in Pelham, N. H., Dec. 11, 1843; d. 

Aug. 23, 1875, unm. 


V. Mary A., b. in Pelham, N. H., June 19, 1845; m. 

George F. Sylvester (32). 
vi. Eliza C, b. in Colerain, Mass., Nov, 1, 1850; d. Nov. 8, 

vii. William C, b. in Gardner, Mass., Nov. 7, 1852; d. July 

29, 1854. 
viii Fanny F., b. in Hubbardston, Mass., Apr. 25, 1855; m. 

John F. Simmons (13). 

2. George 0. (s. of Cyrus W.^) ; m. Jan. 28, 1878, Elizabeth A. 
Stockbridge, dau. of William Stockbridge (16). She d. Nov. 10, 
1878. He d. Oct. 3, 1887. One ch. d. in infancy. 

3. Rowland H. (s. of Cyrus W.^) ; m. Apr. 18, 1866, Willianna 
Brooks of Chelsea. He d. Sept. 12, 1872. Had one ch. 

Note. — Angle M. Gage, b. in Pelham, N. H., Jan. 6, 1828, 
lived in the Allen family for many years, and now resides in Han- 


1. George H. (s. of Zenas, of Boston) ; m. Nov. 10, 1864, Sarah 
E. Sylvester, dau. of Eobert Sylvester (22). Resides on Wash- 
ington street, in house constructed by Benjamin F. Burgess. Mr. 
Allen became a member of the Ancient and Honorable Artillery 
Company, in 1857, and, in June, 1859, was elected clerk of said 
company, to which position he has been elected each year since by 
a unanimous vote. On his fiftieth election, he was fittingly re- 
membered by the past-commanders of the company. 
Children all born in Boston: 

i. Fannie S., Aug. 13, 1869 ; m. William E. Waterman (5) 

ii. Sarah S., Sept. 17, 1871. 

iii. Grace H., June 29, 1874 ; m. July 6, 1901, Dr. William 
F. Donahue, s. of Timothy Donahue of Cambridge. 


1. Millidge T. (s. of John) b. in St. John, N. B., July 4, 1866; 
m. Feb. 12, 1896, Elizabeth Stetson, dau. of Charles Stetson. She 
was b. in Limestone, Maine, May 16, 1869, Came to Hanover in 
1903. Pastor of Cong'l Church for several years. 
Children : 

i. Pearl, b. in Limestone, Me., Mar. 18, 1899. 

ii. Ruth, b. in Millbridge, Me., Feb. 12, 1901. 

iii. John M., b. in Hanover June 18, 1905, 

iv. Paul S., b. in Hanover, June 18, 1905. 


1. Albert E., b. in Rliode Island, Sept, 18, 1843; m. first, Aug. 
21, 1864, Alma F. Green of Rhode Island; m, secondly, Jan. 1, 
1885, Ellen B, Cook: m. thirdly, Oct, 26, 1889, Rachel E. Hunt- 
ington, who d, July 21, 1903, aet. 53 yrs. He m. fourthly, Sarah 


Turnock, of Philadelphia, she was b. Aug. 15, 1850. Resides near 
Winslow's Crossing. 

Children by wife Alma: 
i. George C, b. 1865; d. 1883. 
ii. Mary G., May 31, 1867; m. Wm. V. Brown of Rhode 

Island, and has one dau. Beatrice, 
iii. Bertha, Aug. 27, 1869; m. Howard B. Peppard. Re- 
sides in R. I. 


1. James A. (s. of Theophilus, of Norwell) b. in Milton, Aug. 26. 
1881; m. Aug. 1, 1906, Ethel F. Thayer, dau. of Wendell F. 
Thayer (4). 

Children born in Hanover : 

i. Dexter P., Aug. 25, 1907. 

ii. Geraldine E., Feb'y 1, 1910. 


1. Pearle C. (s. of Ezra D.) b. in East Abington, Oct. 4, 1873; 
m. Oct. 31, 1894, Rosabel E. Packard, dau. of Alpheus Pack- 
ard (1). Resides at West Hanover on Hanover street, in house 
built by himself. 

Child born in Hanover : 
i. Harold P., May 5, 1901. 


1. Rufus 0. (s. of Allen, of Cape Cod) b. Feb. 8, 1873; m. Sept. 
17, 1892, Elsie M. Jones, dau. of George W. Jones of South Scit- 
uate. She was b. Nov. 17, 1872. Resides on Whiting street, 
north of North street. 

Child born in Norwell : 
i. Charles H., Apr. 5, 1893. 


1. Bryan (s. of Bryan) b. in Ireland; m. Ann Ford, dau. of 

Patrick Ford of Ireland. He d. Jan. 5, 1896, aged 80 yrs. She 
d. Oct. 27, 1907. Resided on North street. 
Children : 
i. Rosa E., b. in H. May 21, 1855; ni. Owen Smith, s. of 
Chas. Smith of Weymouth ; ch : 
i. C. Teresa, b. in Weymouth, March 8, 1887. 
ii. Marv E., b. in Weymouth, Dec. 23, 1889. 
ii. Mary A., b.' in Rockland, Dec. 17, 1856, unra. 
iii. Michael. I>. :- i^ockland, July 7, 1859: d. Feb. 7, 1886. 
iv. Teresa E.. b. in Norwell, Apr. 27, 1862; d. Nov. 7, 



An ancient and common English name, represented in this 
country by the descendants of several persons, who came early to 
New England. Thomas was in Weymouth as early as 1640, and 
resided there until 1681, when he died. 

John, son of John and a gr. s. of Thomas above, came to Scituate 
in 1670. Lived at Farm Neck; m. Sarah White, dau. of Gowin 
White, Jan. 25, 1673, and secondly, Euth Clothier, Dec. 9, 1699, 
and d. in 1718. There were eight children in this family, of 
whom John (1) named below, was the eldest. 

1. John (s. of John and Sarah (White) Bailey) was b. in Scit- 
uate and came to H. in 1722. He and his brother Joseph pur- 
chased the house constructed by Elder Wanton, which stood nearly 
opposite the residence of Frank Stockbridge on Main street. He 
m. Feb. 19, 1700, Abigail Clapp, dau. of Deacon Samuel Clapp of 
Scituate. He d. in H. June, 1752, and his wid. d. Mar. 2, 1753. 

Children : 
i. Jane, June 30, 1700. 

2. ii. John, May 23, 1703, b. in Scituate. 

3. iii. Jacob, Dec. 13, 1706, b. in Scituate. 

iv. Israel, May 13, 1708; m. Nov. 12, 1730, Keziah Perry. 

4. V. Timothy, Mar. 20, 1709; b. in Scituate. 

vi. Abigail, Feb. 4, 1712-13; m. May 21, 1733, John Bates. 

vii. Sarah, 1714; m. Mar. 4, 1731, Thomas Jenkins. 

viii. Deborah, 1717; m. Jeremiah Eogers (7) 

ix. Hannah, 1719; d. Dec. 29, 1736. 

X. Rachel, 1719; m. James Rogers, s. of John Rogers (4) 

xi. Naomi, 1722; m. 1741, Benjamin Curtis. 

2. John (s. of John^) ; m. Apr. 11, 1723, Elizabeth Cowen, dau. 
of Israel Cowen of Scituate. Resided on Main street, in his father's 
house, described as aforesaid. He d. Sept. 28, 1778, and his w. d. 
April 12, 1778, aet 81 years. Selectman. In his will this John 
made provision for the comfortable support of his two old negroes 
while they lived. 

Children born in Hanover : 
i. Elizabeth, Aug. 15, 1727; m. Dec. 22, 1748, Dr. 
Jeremiah Hall, the eminent physician. 

5. ii. John, Oct. 30, 1730. 

iii. Joan or Jane, Jan. 20, 1732; m. July 5, 1750, Thomas 
Hubbard or Hobart of Abington. 

6. iv. Seth, July 5, 1739. 

3. Jacob (s. of JohnM; ni. first, June 10, 1728, Ruth Palmer, 
dau. of John Palmer (3), and, secondly, a Hatch. Constructed 
and resided in house on Main St., in which E. T. Perry now re- 

Children born in Hanover: 
i. Jacob, Jan. 20, 1729 ; m. a Tinkham, and moved to 
Maine. Had ch : Jacob, Ruth, Mercy, Johanna, and 


ii. Euth, Jan. 10, 1731; m. May 13, 1788, George Ster- 
ling. He d. Dec. 24, 1791. She d. June 13, 1804. 

7. iii. Charles, April 26, 1734. 

8. iv. Stephen, Feb. 27, 1737. 

V. Hannah, June 29, 1739; m. Samuel House, of Pem- 

9. vi. George, Aug. 2, 1741. ' 

4. Timothy (s. of John^) ; ni. first, May 27, 1731, Sarah Buck, 

dau. of Buck. Slie d. Oct. 9, 1740. He m. secondly, June 7, 

1742, Haimali Curtis, dau. of Benjamin Curtis (11) ; and with his 
wife was recommended to the Church in North Yarmoutli, Maine, 
where he moved. AAHiile in Hanover he resided on Pleasant street, 
near Cedar street. 

Children by wife Sarah, born in Hanover: 

i. Olive, May, 1735; d. May 26, 1736. 

ii. Timothv, June, 1737; d. young. 

iii. Sarah, Mar. 13, 1739. 
Children by wife Hannah, born in Hanover : 

iv. Delight, June 12, 1745. 

V. Olive, bt. May 15, 1748. 

vi. Timothy, bt. Oct. 13, 1751. 

5. John (Col.) (son of John-') ; m. Oct. 18, 1750, Ruth Randall, 
dau. of Caleb Randall (1). He d. Oct. 27, 1810, and his wid. d. 
June 3, 1820, aet 90 years. Resided the greater part of his life 
in the house now owned and occupied by Henry W. Percival. 
Selectman. Col. in the Revolutionary War. (See Chap, on 
Military History for his record). 

Children born in Hanover : 
John, May 6, 1751. 
Luther, Sept. 22, 1752. 

Ruth, Nov. 8, 1754: m. William Stockbridge (6). 
Lucinda, Feb. 20, 1757, d. 1757. 

Sage, April 3, 1759; m. Dr. Gad Hitchcock of Pem- 
broke; d. Nov. 20, 1810. 
Calvin, Jan. 21, 1761. 

Lebbeus, May 12, 1763; m. Aug. 1790, Sallie Sylvester, 
of Scituate. Removed to Me., and d. Dec. 6, 1827. 
viii. Lucinda, Aug. 17, 1765; m. June 29, 1794, James 

Lincoln, d. Aug. 15, 1844. 
ix. Elizabeth, Aug. 29, 1767; m. first, June 25, 1789. Rev. 
Ebenezer Dawes; m. secondly, John Lucas of Brook- 
line; m. thirdly. Venerable Dr. Williams of Ct. and 
d. Aug. 15, 1844. 
X. Driisilla, Feb. 16, 1773; d. in infancy, 
xi. Elathear, Feb. 16, 1773; d. in infancy. 
* This Lebbeus was gr. fa. of Anna Louise Carey. 

6. Seth (s. of John2) ; m. first, Feb. 11, 1762, Lydia Barstow, 
dau. of Samuel Barstow (9) ; m. secondly, July 28, 1768, Alice 












Neal, dau. of Joseph Neal of H. He d. Oct. 12, 1796. Selectman. 
He was at one time one of the largest landowners in the town. 
His widow was recommended to the Church in Freeport, Me., 
1800, and moved there with her family. Seth resided first on 
Main St., in his father's house, and then in the house on Union 
St., where Jolin H. Dwelley resided, and there, he died. 
Children born in Hanover by wife Lydia : 

i. Seth, bt. Sept. 12, 1762; d. Dec. 4, 1762. 

ii. Margaret, bt. Apr. 8, 1764. 

iii. Seth, bt. Sept. 8, 1765. 
Children by wife Alice, born in Hanover : 

iv. Alice, bt. May 27, 1770; d. 1770. 

V. Alice, bt. Nov. 18, 1770; d. Mar. 1, 1796. 

vi. Lydia, bt. Apr. 1772; d. Jan. 13, 1794. 

vii. Joseph, bt. Sept. 5, 1773; d. Oct. 9, 1773. 

viii. Joseph, bt. Oct. 2, 1774. 

ix. Eebeckah, bt. Mar. 10, 1776; d. July 15, 1778. 

X. Abigail, bt. June 1, 1776; d. July 11, 1778. 

xi. James, bt. Oct. 24, 1790. 

xii. Israel, bt. Oct. 24, 1790. 

xiii. Eebeckah, bt. Oct. 24, 1790. 

xiv. Abigail, bt. Oct. 24, 1790. 

XV. Lucy, bt. Oct. 24, 1790; d. in H. Nov. 7, 1859. 

7. Charles (s. of Jacob^) ; m. Bette Palmer, dau. of Ezekiel 
Palmer (6), and d. previous to 1792, when his estate was in process 
of settlement. His widow m. Benjamin Mann (4). Eesided on 
Main St., in the house constructed by his father. 

Children born in Hanover: 
13. i. Charles. 

ii. Ezekiel; m. Mar. 28, 1802, Hannah Hatch, wid. of 
Ezekiel T. Hatch (12) and dau. of Stephen Bailey 
(8), moved to the west, leaving in H. a dau., Sarah, 
who m. Capt. Thomas B. Donnell (3). 

iii. Eebecca; m. July 4, 1802, Isaiah Wing, and moved to 
Ohio. Was he a son of Bachelor Wing (4) ? 

iv. Sally; m. Sept. 20, 1795, Eliphalet Smart of Maine. 

V. Betsey, 1760; m. June 16, 1782, William Gilbert, and 
moved to Leeds, Me. She d. in Leeds, Me., Aug. 
11, 1834, aet. 74. Children : Some of whom were 
born in Mass. Betsey, Lucy, Sally, Jane, Julia, 
William, and Henry A. 

vi. Eachel; m. John Whiting, of Maine. 

vii. Martha; m. Mar. 6, 1785, Samuel Gilbert of Maine. 

viii. Mary; m. Ichabod Phillips. 

ix. Jacob. 

8. Stephen (s. of Jacob^) ; m. Abigail Turner, dau. of Ezekiel 
Turner (12), and d. Aug. 10, 1806. ^Selectman. His wid. d. Oct. 
11, 1830, aet 86 yrs. Eesided on King St.. 


Children born in Hanover: 
i. Abigail; m. Eeuben Curtis (44). 
ii. Hannah; m. first, Ezekiel T. Hatch (12) ; m. secondly, 

Ezekiel Bailey, s. of Charles Bailey (7). 
iii. Euth, 1775; d. Dec. 3, 1795. 
iv. Deborah; m. Feb. 4, 1798, Robert Barker, s. of Robert 

Barker (2). 

14. V. Stephen, 1780. 

9. George (s. of Jacob^) ; m. Rebecca Ellis, dau. of Mordecai 
Ellis (2). Resided on King St. She d. May 30, 1820, aet 79 yrs., 
and he d. Nov. 12, 1831, aet 90 yrs. 

Children born in Hanover: 

15. i. George W., Nov. 22, 1777. 

16. ii. David, Nov., 1779. 

iii. Lucv, 1781; m. Robert Svlvester (16). 

17. iv. Gad," July 29, 1784. 

10. John (s. of Jolm^') ; m. fii-st, Ruth Ellis, dau. of Mordeeai 
Ellis (2). She d. in 1786, and he m. secondly, Mary Hill, dau. of 
Joseph Hill of Berwick, Maine. She d. October 29, 1792, and he 
m. thirdly, Tabitha Olney of Rhode Island, and d. Jan. 23, 1823 
His wid. d. Dec. 30, 1827, aged 77 }ts. He was a clockmaker, and 
made his first clock at the age of eleven, and it was for many 
years an excellent time-keeper. He also made the first "spinning- 
jenny" and the pattern of the first iron sink and crooked-nose 
kettle, and these were cast in the Middleboro foundry. He also 
invented a "steamjack" for roasting meats and poultry before the 
open fire. This was patented in 1792, and was the first patent 
issued in America for a machine to go by steam. He was also a 
maker of compasses. He was a Quaker preacher, going into the 
slave states as well as elsewhere. He lived a part of his life in the 
house on Pleasant street for so man}'^ years, owned and occupied 
by John Estes, but now owned by Ada A. Campbell. Later, he 
resided in the house on Washington street, at the Corners, now 
o\^-ned and occupied by Mrs. Edward Barstow. 

Mr. Bailey and his wives were buried in the Quaker burial 
ground at Pembroke. 

Children by wife Ruth, born in Hanover: 
i. Joseph, a watchmaker, — was in Hudson in 1806 and 

died unm. 
ii. Mar}^, Feb. 3, 1785; m. Daniel Newhall of Lynn, and 
d. in Troy, N. Y., in 1825. Children: Some of 
whom were born in Lynn; the others in Troy, N. Y. 
i. John B., Mav 3, 1806; m. Marv M. Price, and 

d. May 7, 1849. 
ii. Hebsibah, June 20, 1810; d. unm., 1893. 
iii. Isaac, Jan. 4, 1814; m. first, Nov., 1840, 
Bridget Batcheller; secondlv, Sarah G. Caldwell. 
He d. Feb. 22, 1879. 


iv. Joseph, 1816 ; m. Margaret and d. in 1891. 
V. Mary B., 1818; d, imm. in 1840. 
vi. Lucy, Nov. 15, 1820; d. unm. Nov. 1, 1842. 
vii. Daniel R., Sept. 28, 1823; d. Apr. 5, 1825. 
viij. George, Apr. 28, 1827; d. Aug. 4, 1827. 
ix. George, April 16, 1828; d. July 1, 1828. 
Children by wife Mary, born in Hanover: 

18. iii. John, Aug. 1787. 

iv. Euth; m. Horatio Gushing (13). 
Child by wife Tabitha : 
V. Amy, 1797; m., first, Edward Barstow (31); m. sec- 
ondly, William Dawes (1). 

11. Luther (s. of John^) ; m. Oct. 21, 1784, Silvester Little, dau. 
of Capt. Nathaniel Little. He d. May 12, 1820, aet. 68 yrs. His 
wife d. June 27, 1788, aet 30 yrs. (See Chapter on Military His- 
tory for his record). 

Children born in Hanover, 
i. Sylvia B., Feb. 25, 1786; d. May 17, 1792. 
ii. Polly, June, 1788; d. Aug. 15, 1788. 

12. Calvin (s. of John^) ; m. Sept. 8, 1793, Sarah Jacobs, dau. 
of Col. John Jacobs (5). He d. in Bath, Me., Aug. 11, 1835, and 
his wid. d. in H., Nov. 24, 1846, aet. 82 yrs., a clockmaker. (See 
Chapter on Manufactures relative to him). Resided on Main 
street, in his father's house. 

Children born in Hanover: 
i. Lucinda, July 11, 1794; m. Stephen Curtis (41). 

19. ii. B. Calvin, May 17, 1796. 

iii. Edwin (Capt.), May 7, 1798; m. May, 1825, Ann T. 
Ingraham of Me. He d. in 1828. Had one ch., 
who d. in Aug., 1828. (A master-mariner). 

iv. Luther, Aug. 29, 1799; d. Sept. 25, 1799. 

V. Martin, Aug. 29, 1799: d. Nov. 3, 1799. 

20. vi. Henry, Aug. 2, 1801. 

vii. Eliza, July 5, 1803; d. Jan. 23, 1865. 

viii. Sarah J., Aiig. 20, 1805; m. Lemuel Dwelley (15). 

13. Charles (s. of Charles'); m. Oct. 28, 1792, Chloe Mann, 
dau. of Benjamin Mann (4). He d. June 11, 1820, and his wid. 
d. Feb. 2, 1844, aet. 73 yrs. Lived on Main street, in his father's 
house. He and his brother Ezekiel were, for a time, owners of 
the Fulling, Saw and Grist Mills on King street. 

Children born in Hanover : 

21. i. Charles, May 25, 1793. 

ii. Chloe, Feb. 23, 1795; m. Paul Pevry, s. of Israel Perry 

22. iii. Benjamin, Feb. 24, 1797. 

iv. Betsey, Feb. 6, 1799; m. Joshua Dwelley (16). 

23. V. Barker, Jan. 22, 1801. 


vi. Luther, Dec. 23, 1803; d. Aug. 27, 1804. 

vii. Marcia, Aug. 27, 1805; m. Albert Holbrook (1). 

viii Martin, May 4, 1807; d. Mar. 20, 1844. 

ix. Mary, May 24, 1809; m. Ensign Crocker (5). 

14. Stephen (s. of Stephen^) ; m. June 9, 1803, Ruth Hatch, dau. 

of John Hatch (9). Resided on King street. He d Hi& 

wid. d. May 16, 1852. 

Children born in Hanover: 
i. Ruth, Jan. 8, 1804; m. Julius House (1). 
ii. Lucy, Dec. 17, 1805; d. May 7, 1882, unra. 

24. iii. Stephen, Mar. 8, 1810. 

iv. Amos H., Mar. (5, 1815: d. Mny 12, 1872, unm. 

15. George W. (s. of George^) ; m. Jan. 1, 1801, Asenath Curtis,^ 
dau. of Melzar Curtis (33). He d. Nov. 11, 1855. His wife d. 
July 19, 1855. Resided on King St. 

Children born in Hanover : 

25. i. George, Sept. 13, 1802. 

ii. Asenath, Dec. 2, 1804; m. Dec. 10, 1827, Thomas 

Stetson of Hanson. She d. July 21, 1849. 
iii. Keziah, Jan. 15, 1807; m. Joshua Dwelley (16). 

26. iv. Melzar C, Mar. 8, 1809. 

V. Priscilla, May 18, 1813; m. Joseph C. Wilder (1). 
vi. Lucinda, May 19, 1816; m. Hiram Gardner (3). 
vii. Sally E., June 3, 1819; d. Feb. 7, 1851. 

16. David (s. of George^) ; m. Nov. 7, 1801, Joanna Curtis, dau, 
of Melzar Curtis (33). He sett, as a physician in Norwell, and 
there d. Jan. 13, 1836. His wid. d. Apr. 4, 1846. 

Children : 
i. David, Nov. 16, 1802; m. Apr. 24, 1833, Deborah 

Dunbar, dau. of Amos Dunbar (1). 
ii. Joanna, Deo. 13, 1804; d. July 14, 1813. 
iii. Rebecca, Nov. 27, 1807; m. Hiram Gardner (3). 
iv. Elizabeth, June 12, 1810; m. Nov. 15, 1827, Alfred 

Loring of Scituate. 
v. Joanna, June 1, 1813; m. Mar. 19, 1837, Albert Loring 

of Scituate. 
vi. Luther, Feb. IS, 1816; d. unm. 
vii. Lucy, Sept. 11, 1818; m. Jan. 29, 1848, Edward 

Stowell of Scituate. 
viii. Jeremiah, Aug. 12, 1822; m. Elizabeth G. Dunbar, 

dau. of xVmos Dunbar (1). Resided in Weymouth. 

17. Gad (s. of George^) ; m. May 17, 1807, Thankful J.oring, 
dau. of Job Loring of Hingham. She d. Mar. 29, 1862, aet 84 
yrs., and he d. Dec. 13, 1862. Resided on King St. 

Children born in Hanover : 
i. Maria, Aug. 20, 1810; m. Nahum Stetson of Hanson. 


ii. Sarah A., Jan. 21, 1813; m. Ira Josselyn (38). 

iii. Lydia L., Nov. 11, 1814; m. Oct. 28, 1838, John S. 

Fogg of Weymouth. 
37. iv. Gad J.. Apr. 13, 1817. 

V. Eliza J., Mar. 24, 1819; m. Nov. 26, 1846, John 

Waterman of Kingston. 

18. John (s. of John^o): m. Nov. 29, 1810, Ann Taber, dau. 
■of John Taber, of Portland, Me. He d. in Lynn, in 1883, aet. 
D6 yrs. He moved to New Bedford about 1823-4; a clock-maker 
-and a very skillful workman; a friend of Garrisoji, Phillips, and 

Children, first seven born in Hanover; last five in New 
Bedford : 
i. Catherine, Nov. 9, 1811; d. Aug. 3, 1817. 
ii. Miriam H., Dec. 5, 1813; m. Nov. 21, 1833, William 
Gifford, of Falmouth. Removed to Peoria, 111. 

Children : 
i. Helen C, b. in New Bedford, Jime 15. 1835; m. 

Elias H. Pratt; d. May 7, 1863. 
ii. Caroline, b. in New Bedford, Dec. 3, 1836; d. 

Aug. 10, 1837. 
iii. Anna T., May 24, 1839 ; m. Mar. 19, 1860, Ed- 
ward Butler; d. May, 1895. 
iv. John B., Sept. 31, 1841; m. in lS6i, Louisa 

V. Susan L., Apr. 23, 1844; m. Edward Merrill, 
vi. Charles, Oct. 30, 1845 ; m. Lucy Prentiss, 
vii. Edward, Dec. 10, 1847; d. Mar., 1856. 
viii. Irene, Aug. 4, 1850 : m. Edward C. Douglas. 
Lx. Miriam H., Aug. 4, 1850; m. Dec. 36, 1871, 

Isaac W. Grant. 
X. William H., Oct. 30, 1853; d. 1853. 
xi. Alice G., Apr. 5, 1856 ; m. Mar. 31, 1893, John 
Bowman, Scotland, 
iii. John T,, Dec. 17, 1815. Sailed from New Bedford in 
1831 in the ship Mentor. Wrecked in the Starits 
of Timon and perished within fifty yards of the ship, 
iv. Ann M., Dec. 34, 1817. 

V. Joseph, Dec. 33, 1819 ; m. in 1844, Abbie, dau. of John 
Ingraham, of New Bedford, Master of ship Cham- 
pion ( ?) d. in 1853, in Hong Kong, China. Had a 
dau. Caroline A. 
y\. William, Aug. 37, 1831; d. Oct. 22, 1822. 
vii. William, Aug. 2, 1823; m. in 1846 Frances Kelley. 
viii Mar}' N., July 9, 1825 ; m. first, in 1845, Charles C. Fol- 
ger, and had sons, Charles and John B. ; m. secondly, 
Edward Easton of New Bedford, 
iv. Catherine, Aug. 10, 1828. 
X. Elizabeth, Aug. 15, 1830; d. Sept. 9, 1830. 







xi. George H., June 18, 1832; d. Jan. 27, 1834. 
xii. George, Nov. 21, 1833; d. Aug. 31, 1834. 

19. B. Calvin (s. of Calvin^^) ; m. May 21, 1820, Jane B. Don- 
nel], dau. of Samuel Donnell (2). Removed to Bath, Me., in 
1815, wliere he became an extensive ship-builder, and was Mayor 
of tlie city. He d. June, 1876. 

Children born in Bath, Me. : 
i. Sarah J., Feb., 1821; m. in 1841 George Davis, and 

had one ch., who d. young, 
ii. Samuel D., July, 1825 ; m. Susan White of Belfast, was 

Mayor of eity of Bath. He d. Dec. 23, 1885. No- 

iii. Lucinda, May, 1829; d. unm., 1907. 

20. Henry (s. of Calvin^^) ; m. Jan. 16, 1832, Sarah Gardner, of" 
Hingham. Resided on Main street the early part of his life. 
Removed to Hingham. 

Children : 

Henry A., b. in H., June 11, 1832. 

Horace T., b. in Hingham, Sept. 16, 1839. 

Sarah J., b. in Hingham, Oct. 10, 1844; m. Oct. 9,. 
1867, Asa B. Pratt, s. of Joshua Pratt of Weymouth, 
and had one ch., Susie E., b. in Weymouth, Sept. o, 
1871 ; m. Apr. 9, 1893, Joseph E. Sampson of Plym- 
outh, and has ch: 
i. Elmer B., May 28, 1894. 
ii. Rachel M., Nov. 1, 1904. 
30. iv. C. Will, b. in Quincy Feb. 7, 1853. 

21. Charles (s. of Charleses) ; m. in 1828, Catherine Van Hook, 
dau. of Arch A. Van Hook of Kentucky. Removed from H. to 
Alabama, thence to Kentucky, thence in 1837 to Montgomery Co., 
Indiana, where he d. Aug. 30, 1867. His wife d. Oct. 13, 1865. 

Children : 

i. Betsey, Nov. 2, 1829; m. Feb. 27, 1853, David Brown, 
and d. Sept. 30, 1899, leaving nine ch. viz: Towit, 
Willard, Alice, Olive, Josephine, Mary, Lincoln, 
Doc. and Ida. Resided in Illinois. 

ii. Jemimah, Oct. 11, 1830; d. in 1835. 

iii. Charles, June 9, 1832; m. first, Apr. 15, 1865, Amanda 
Vaughn. She d., and he m. secondly, Minerva Wat- 
kins. He d. leaving no eh. 

iv. William, June 7, 1834; d. in 1838. 

V. Henry, June 27, 1836 ; m. Nov. 10, 1867, Nannie Tal- 
bert, dau. of Daniel Talbert; d. July 9, 1894. Re- 
sided in Kentucky. Ch : 
i. Harry, Oct. 14, 1868. 

ii. Charles M., Mav 15, 1870 : d. Aug. 5, 1870. 
iii. John A., Jan. 12, 1872; m. Oct. 17, 1904, Sue 
Hickman, and has 2 dans. 


iv. Charles K., Mar, 7, 1874. 

V. Robert T., June 22, 1877. 
vi. Barbara, Jan. 11, 1838; m. July 12, 1870, Capt. Robert 

Scott; d. Sept. 27, 1905. No cli. Resided in 

vii. Calvin, June 21, 1839 ; d. in 1843. 
viii. Marcia, Feb. 1, 1840; m. Sept., 1873, Joe M. Watkins, 

d. in 1882. Ch: 

i. Lewis, Nov., 1876. 

ii. Celia C, Mar. 28, 1878. 

iii. Roscoe, June 1, 1880. 
ix. Archelaus, Mar. 7, 1841; m, Apr, 17, 1883, Mary E, 

Krug, dau. of William J. Krug, Resides in In- 
diana. No ch. 
X. John, July 19, 1842; m. Mar. 6, 1879, Delilah Singer; 

d. May 30, 1881. Ch: 

i. John, Jan. 18, 1880. 
xi. Martin, June 11, 1844; m. July 3, 1873, Irene Scott, 

dau. of Capt. Robert Scott: d. June 9, 1897, Ch: 

i. John R., May 18, 1874; d. Apr. 6, 1882. 

ii. Charles H., Aug. 13, 1875; m, Nov, 20, 1901, 
Pearl Seton, and has 2 daus. 

iii. Archelaus W., Apr. 6, 1878; d. Sept. 6, 1884. 

iv. Francis G., Feb. 23, 1880 ; d. Apr. 3, 1880. 

V, Bertha K., Sept. 9, 1882. 

vi, Jessie B., Dec. 19, 1885. 

vii. Roscoe S., Aug. 6, 1888. 

viii. Mary I., Dec. 15, 1893. 

22. Benjamin (s. of Charleses) ; m. Apr. 14, 1822, Rachel Dwel- 
ley, dau, of Joshua Dwelley (12). He d. May 15, 1872, and his 
wid. d. June 1, 1875. Resided on Main street at corner of Cedar 
street, in house constructed by himself, (the present almshouse 

Children born in Hanover: 

31. i. Benjamin W., Feb. 11, 1823. 

32. ii. Joshua D., Aug. 20, 1824. 

33. iii. John Q., Aug., 1829. 

iv. Rachel J. D. ; d. May 15, 1839, aet. 13 yrs. 

V. Maria E., May 20, 1833; m. Luther Litchfield (4). 

vi, Rachel J. ; d. Sept. 24, 1848, aet. 8 yi-s. 

23. Barker (s. of Charles^^) ; m. Feb. 20, 1825, Alice Ayers, dau. 
of Jacob Ayers of Portsmouth, N. H. She was b. at Portsmouth, 
K H., Jan. 9, 1805; d. May 24, 1869. He d. Dec. 15, 1872. 
Resided in Charlestown, Mass. 

Children born at Charlestown : 
i. Alice B., June 29, 1826; m. June 4, 1846, John Viall, 
of Charlestown : d. Dec. 9, 1895. Ch : 


i. John B., b. at Medford, May 10, 1849; m. Oct. 
15, 1878, Sophia \V. Wisweli, dau. of Elbridge G. 
Wiswell of Charlestown. Cli : Frank, b. at Som- 
crville, July 13, 1880; d. July 28, 1880. 
ii. Alice J., "b. at Melrose, Jan. "^6, 1854; d. Feb. 27, 
ii. Charles, Mar. 29, 1828; d. unm. Sept. 28, 1903. 
iii. Ellen J., Dec. 25, 1838; d. unm. July 27, 1876. 
iv. Andrew J., July 18, 1840 ; m. Jan. 19, 1869, Abby V. 
Getchell, dau. of John Getchell, of Charlestown. 
She was b. at Wells, Maine, Nov. 16, 1841 ; d. Mar. 
30, 1908. He was state senator and city solicitor of 

24. Stephen (s. of Stephen^^) ; m. Mar. 6, 1834, Sylvia W. Bates, 
dau. of Thomas M. Bates (36). She d. June 21, 1884, and he d. 
Apr. 1, 1890. Resided on King street in house constructed by 

Children born in Hanover: 
i. Edwin, Apr. 4, 1835 ; d. July 1, 1900. 
ii. Laura A., Mar. 20, 1838 : m. Lyman P. Russell (3). 

34. iii. Stephen W., Dec. 30, 1840. 

35. iv. Albert W., Dec. 22, 1844. 

25. George (s. of George W.^^) • j^ jn 1824, Olive Bates, dau. of 
Calvin Bates (32). He d. Mar. 29, 1835. She d. Feb. 23, 
1880. Resided on King street. 

Children born in Hanover: 

George C, Oct. 25, 1824. 

Olive W., Aug. 24, 1826; m. James W. House (3). 

Calvin S., July 27, 1828. 

Elbridge B., Aug. 28, 1829. 

Reuben C, June 21, 1831; d.unm. May 8, 1853. 

Horatio N., July 17, 1833; d. Jan., 1834. 

Horatio N., July 23, 1834. 

26. Melzar C. (s. of George ; m. Aug. 1, 1833, Charlotte C. 
Waterman, of Scituate, a sister of Lemuel C. Waterman (1). He 
d. May, 1843. She d. Nov. 8, 1890. Resided on King street in 
house constructed by himself, and now occupied by George C. Rus- 

Children: , 
40. i. Melzar C, Aug. 17, 1839. 

ii. Samuel W., Dec. 31, 18^; d. Nov. 5, 1813. 

27. Gad J. (s. of Gad^^) ; m. June, 1841, Lydia B. Clark, dau. 
of Joseph W. Clark (7). She d. Dec. 15, 1901. He d. Jan. 24, 
1888. Resided on King street. 

Child born in Hanover: 
i. Helen E., Oct. 30, 1844, d. Nov. 11, 1849. 













28. Henry A. (s. of Henry^") ; m. Jan. 9, 1853, Hannah H. 
Pratt, dau. of John L. Pratt, of East Weymouth. He d. Dec. 18,. 

Children born in East Weymouth: 
i. George W., Feb. 21, 1855; m. Sept. 17, 1884, Hattie M. 

Buck, dau. of Zedic A. Buck, of Mechanic Falls, Me. 

Resided in Weymouth, 
ii. Henry T., Feb. 2, 1866 ; d. Mar. 4, 1866. 
iii. Nettie E., June 17, 1867; d. Aug. 9, 1871. 
iv. Bernard C, Oct. 5, 1872; m. July 24, 1895, Mary T. 

Hayes, dau. of Charles E. Hayes. 

29. Horace T. (s. of Henry 20) ; m. Nov. 8, 1866, Louisa M. New- 
hall, dau. of Alanson Newhall, of Lynn. He d. in Lynn, Dec. 30, 

Children born in Lynn : 
i. Sarah L., May 17, 1869, unm. 
ii. Annie G., June 12, 1876, umn. 

30. C. Will (s. of Henry 20) ; m. first, Apr. 23, 1876, Eva F. Ray- 
mond, dau. of George F. Raymond, of East Weymouth. She d. 
Apr. 11, 1883. He m. secondly, June 6, 1895, wid. Selina (Tir- 
rell) Stoddard, dau. of Amos Tirrell, of East Weymouth. 

Child bv wife Eva F., born in AYeyiuouth : 
i. Myron L., Nov. 11, 1881; d., 1906. 

31. Benjamin W. (s. of Benjamin22) ; m, Jan., 1850, Ruth 
Thomas, dau. of Seth Thomas of Scituate. He d. Aug. 6, 1901. 
Resided on Main street in house constructed by himself. 

Children : 
i. Ada M., Jan. 15, 1851 ; d. Nov. 13, 1866. 
ii. Ellen J., Nov. 14, 1853; m. Elmer J. Whiting, s. of 
Sylvanus Whiting (22). 

41. iii. Arthur W., Nov. 2, 1864. 

iv. Grace T., Dec. 27, 1866; m. Harrison L. House (4). 

32. Joslma D. (s. of Benjamin22) ; m. Aug. 8, 1847, Mary A. 
Peterson, dau. of Jabez Peterson, of Duxbury. She was b. in Dux- 
bury in 1824. He d. Feb. 15, 1893. 

Children : 

42. i. George W., b. in East Abiugton, July 22, 1848. 

ii. Walter T., b. in H., Aug. 1, 1860; d. Sept. 18, 1888. 

33. John Q. (s. of Benjamin^s) ; m. in 1850, Lydia A. Curtis, 
dau. of Lucius Curtis, and a gr. dau. of John Curtis (31). She 
d. Oct. 5, 1852. He d. Jan. 5, 190|, Resided on Main street at 
corner of Cedar street. 

Children born in Hanover: 
i. William E., Oct. 1. 1850; d. May 17, 1869. 

43. ii. Q. Everett, 1852. 


34. Stephen W. (s. of Stephen-^) ; m. Emily J. Stetson, dau. of 
Isaac G. Stetson (1). Besides at South Hanover on Broadway. 

Children : 

i. Stella W., June 20, 1.S65 ; m. Fred H. Folsom of Brock- 
ton, and d. July 30, 1890. He d. July 17, 1907. 
Ch: Mildred, b. Jan. 18, 1888. 

ii. .Tanc G., Julv 0. 1874. 

iii. Euss W., Aug. 18, 1883: d. Jan. 16. 1901. 

iv. Harold P., Sept. 2, 1886. 

35. AllMTt W. (s. of Stephen^^) ; ni. Jan. 1, 18,s:;. Alice J. Thay- 
er, dau. of Charles E. Thayer (2). He d. Dec. 2I), 1902. 

Child l)orn in Hanson: 
i. Fay W., Feb. 9, 1881. 

36. George C. (s. of George-^) ; ni. Julia A. Thomas, of Marsh- 
field ( ?) She d. Aug. 22, 1887, and he d. Jan. 9, 1893. 

Children : 
i. George T. ; d. Dec. 3, 1851, aet. 6 vvks. 
ii. Julia E., Feb. 35, 1856; d. aet. 1 y. 5 m. 21 d. 

37. Calvin S. (s. of George-^) ; m. June, 1852, Lucy F. Stetson, 
dau. of Eli Stetson of Hanson. He d. at Baltimore, Md., Sept. 
24, 1864. Served in Civil War. His wid. resides on Circuit 

Children born in Hanson : 
i. Clarence N., 1853 ; d., 1854. 

ii. Eva L., IS^ov. 5, 1855: m. George E. Jo?selyn (49). 
iii. Alice F., Feb. 2, 1862; m. Kufus E. Delano ^of Rock- 
land. She d. May 2, 1885, in Eockland. 

38. Elbridge B. (s. of George=^5) • m., first, Lucy M. Conn, of 
Canton, Mass. : m., secondly, Feb. 13, 1873, H. Augusta Lane, dau. 
of Albert Lane, of Rockland. He d. Feb. 28, 1898. 

Children by wife Lucy, born in Hanson : 
i. Malinda A., Mar. 12, 1855; d. Sept., 1898, unm. 
ii. Byron A., Apr. 14, 1860; m. June, 1890, Annie M. 
Archibald, of Boston. Resides in Whitman. No ch. 

39. Horatio N. (s. of George^^) ; m. Nov. 27, 1856, Cordelia W. 
Mitchell, dau. of Charles P. Mitchell, of East Abington. She was 
b. in 1836, and d. in 1860. He d. Jan. 11, 1860. 

Child born in Hanover : 
i. Olive F.. July 22, 1857; m. Gideon Holbrook, of Rock- 

40. Melzar C. (s. of Melzar C^.^c) . ^^^ gept. 26, 1860, Mary A. 
Church, dau. of Samuel S. Church (5). Resides at corner of 
Hanover and Washington streets in house constructed by himself. 

Children born in Hanover: 
i. Melzar W., Aug. 16, 1863: d. Oct. 4, 1863. 
44. ii. William W., June 7, 1865. 

iii. Sarah E., Apr. 15, 1868; m. Percv W. Dwellev (29). 


41. Arthur W. (s. of Benjamin W.^i) ; m. Nov. 21, 1889, Etta L. 
Fuller, dau. of Charles A. Fuller (1). Besides on Main street in 
house constructed by himself. 

Children born in Hanover: 
i. Lester F., Nov. 5, 1890. 
ii. Ealph L., July 10, 1892. 

42. George W. (s. of Joshua D.^s) ; m. Nov. 27, 1870, Elsener S. 
Torrey, dau. of George 0. Torrey, of South Scituate. Eesides in 

Child : 
i. Mary A., Apr. 18, 1877; m. Mar. 14, 1904, Harry E. 
Ingraham, s. of Henry C. Ingraham, of West Spring- 

43. Q. Everett, (s. of John Q.33) ; m. Dec. 19, 1874, Eva W. 
Hunt, dau. of Thomas Hunt, of South Scituate. She d. Dec. 14, 
1895. He now resides in Whitman. 

Children : 
i. Lester B., b. in H., Nov. 29, 1877. 
ii. Ina L., b. in Whitman, July 5, 1888, 

44. William W. (s. of Melzar C.^o) ; m. Nov. 18, 1888, Anna M. 
Thayer, dau. of Wendell P. Thayer (4). He d. 1910. A con- 
ductor on the N. Y., N. H. & H. Eailroad. 

Children born in Hanover : 
i. Edward C, May 1, 1890. 
ii. Harry C, Dec. 29, 1892. 
iii. Erie W., Feb. 28, 1896. 


1. Charles M. (s. of William, of Newport, N. S.), b. Nov. 3, 
1854; m. Dec. 23, 1890 Eliza A. McKeen, who was b. in Halifax 
Co., N. S., May 10, 1854. Came to H. in 1897. 
Child : 
i. Isabelle, Mar. 28, 1892; d. Mar. 15, 1893. 


1. Orientes L. (s. of Ambrose) b. in Liberty, Me., Dec. 28, 1846; 
m. Feb. 17, 1878, Eebecca E. Tower, dau. of Charles L. Tower (1). 
She d. Nov. 25, 1887, and he d. Aug. 4, 1905. 
Children : 
i. Alice L., b. in Chattanooga, Tenn., Oct. 17, 1879. 
ii. Euth E., b. in H., Feb. 19, 1881; m. Eodolph W. 
Sweeny (5). 


1. Edward F. (s. of William) b. in Pembroke, Feb. 10, 1860; m. 
flr«^t, Dec. 20, 1882, Eliza A. Bradley, dau. of James F. Bradley. 
She was b. in East Abington, Apr. 23, 1863, and d. Sept. 30, 1893. 


He m. secondly, Sept. 28, 1895, Anna A. Hatch, dau. of B. Sanford 
Hatch (23). Eesides at Hanover Center. 
Child by wife Eliza, born in Hanover: 
i. Andrew D., Nov. 23, 1889. 


1. F. Wilbur (s. of Fred A.) b. in Pembroke, Aug. 16, 1879; m. 
in 1899 Edna F. Phillips, dau. of George L. Phillips (3). He d. 
Sept. 29, 1907. 

Children all born in Hanover: 

i. Ealph W., Jan. 9, 1900. 

ii. Merton S., Dec. 13, 1901. 

iii. Alton F., May 25, 1904. 

iv. Warren V., Sept. 28, 1906. 


1. Eev. Samuel (s. of David of Sudbury). Second pastor of the 
First Church of Hanover. Graduated from Harvard College in 
1752; m. Jan. 4, 1759, Hannah Gushing, dau. of Judge John Gush- 
ing (4). He d. Dec. 1, 1784, and his wid. d. May 8, 1790. 
Children all born in Hanover: 
i. Abigail, Nov. 13, 1759; d. Dec. 22, 1831. 
ii. Samuel, Apr. 19, 1761 ; d. May 7, 1762. 
iii Samuel, Feb. 18, 1763; d. Apr. 4, 1783. 
iv. Hannah, July 13, 1765; d. Nov. 2, 1789. 
V. Mary, Nov. 25, 1768; m. Eobert Salmoud (2). 
vi. Bethia C., May 19, 1771; m. Jan. 5, 1792, Thomas 

Young, of East Bridgewater, and had 7 ch. 
vii. William, bt. Mar. 20, 1774; d. unm. in East Bridgewa- 
ter, aet. abt. 70 years. 
viii. Lucy, Oct. 3, 1776; m. Barzilla Allen, of East Bridge- 
water, and had 5 ch. 
ix. Fanny, June 8, 1780; d. in H. unm. Nov. 17, 1865. 


1. John, b. in Germany; m. Mary Dngan, dau. of Bernard Dagan, 
of Ireland. She was b. in Ireland and d. in 1907. Eesides on 
Webster street. 
Child : 
i. Sarah Welch, an adopted daughter. 


1. Albert H. (s. of Albert H., of West Brookfield) b. in Brook- 
field, Aug. 22, 1866. Came to H., 1902; m. Aug. 12, 1897, Alice 
E. Darling, dau. of Sylvanus Darling, of Monson. She was b. 
Sept. 16, 1864. Eesides on corner of Main and Walnut streets. 
No ch. 



1. Willard A., b. iu Annapolis Co., N. S., Dec. 23, 1858 ; m. Nov. 
10, 1880, Laura McNayr, dau. of Arod McNayr, of Annapolis Co., 
N. S. She was b. Oct. 13, 1857, and d. Aug. 11, 1891. He d., 
Oct. 27, 1901. Kesided on Cedar street. 
Children : 

i. Ingram E., b. in N. S., Jan. 28, 1885. 

ii. Carrie L., b. in H., July 31, 1887. 

iii. Bessie, b. in H. July 31, 1887; d. Aug. 1, 1887. 
Note. — Elvira McNayr (dau. of x\rod) b. in Annapolis Co., N. 
S., May 7, 1858, unni. Came to H. in 1891. Lives in the family 
of Willard A. Banks. 


1. Caleb (s. of Lieut. Eobert, of Duxbury) a Quaker, b. May 24, 
1685; m. Ann Carr of Jamestown, E. I. ( ?) and d. Aug. 25, 1772. 
Caleb was a founder, and was in H. as early as 1719, and was early 
connected with the furnace or forge on King street. Eesided on 
Plain street, near the residence of the late Zaccheus Estes. 
He removed with his son John to Pownalborough, Me., in 1761. 
In the Boston Gazette for Jan. 15, 1754, he advertised "Cast bells 
for meeting houses, from a smaller even to a greater, even to one of 
two thousand weight." 

Children : 
2. i. Eobert, Mar. 27, 1712. 

ii. John, Aug. 15, 1714; m. first, Grace Turner, and, sec- 
ondly, Susanna Estes, dau. of William Estes (4). 
Eemoved to Pownalborough, Me., with his father. 
Had several ch. 

iii. Elizabeth, Mar. 17, 1717; d. Aug. 21, 1724. 

iv. Caleb, Oct. 29, 1719; d. July 23, 1742. 

V. Joshua, Feb. 22, 1721-2; d. Oct. 19, 1724. 

vi. Gideon, Dec. 22, 1723; m. Eachel Hodges, dau. of Eob- 
ert Hodges; d. Jan., 1798. 

vii. Joshua, July 17, 1726; d. Aug. 19, 1754. 

viii. Charles, Feb. 5, 1729. 

ix. Ann, Feb. 14, 1730; d. Jan. 15, 1732-3. 
(These dates were taken from the Barker genealogy). 

2. Eobert (s. of Calebi) ; m. Aug. 24, 1737, Hannah Howland, 
dau. of Thomas Howland. She d. Dec. 4, 1795, and he d. Feb. 
9, 1796. He was a "housewright" of Pembroke in 1738, but after 
1759 he was connected with a Hanover foundry. 

Children, all of whose births are recorded in Hanover: 
i. Thomas, Apr. 29, 1738; m. and had sev. ch. 
ii. Ann, Sept. 21, 1739: d. 1744. 
iii. Elizabeth, Feb. 25, 1743; m. Bachelor Wing (4). 


* iv. Hannah, Jan. 10, 1715; ni. first, Dec. 12, 1804, Isaac 

Keen, s. of Isaac Keen, of Pembroke. He d. July 
7, 1815, and she m. secondly, Lot Keen, s. of Isaac 
Keen, of Pembroke. She d. in 1830. 

V. Eobert, 1746-48; d. Jan. 16, 1753. 

vi. Mercy, 1747-49; d. Oct. 28, 1749. 

vii. Gideon, Jan. 1754, is said to have descendants in state 
of New York. 

viii. Eobert, 1756; m. Feb. 4, 1798, Deborah Bailey, dau. of 
Stephen Bailey (8), and d. Mar. 31, 1836. Had eh. : 
Eobert, Deborah, John and Eliza. "This Eobert 
was a Friend, but was disowned because he made 
cannon balls in a New York foundry." 

ix. Joshua. Is said to have descendants in state of New 

* "When Hannali Bai'ker was nearly sixty years of age, her 
fortune was told and the Fates declared that she should have two 
husbands. As she was still unmarried, she remarked that she had 
no time to lose and soon she was united to her first consort. Af- 
ter his death, she married, at the age of seventy-two, her husband's 


1. Joshua (s. of Benjamin, of Hanson) b. Oct. 14, 1808; m. Mar. 
13, 1831, Deborah Sturtevant, dau. of Capt. Thomas Sturtevant. 
She was b. in 1809, and d. Aug. 7, 1849. He d. Mar. 6, 1868. 
Eesided on King street. Was for many years connected with the 
Iron Works on King street, which was then Icnown as Barker's 

Children : 

i. Deborah, May 22, 1834; d. Mar. 2, 1842. 

ii. Sarah J., Juiie 24, 1836; m. Francis B. Ellis (14). 

iii. Joshua, Deo. 6, 1837; d. Jan. 25, 1853. 

iv. Eveline, Nov. 18, 1840; d. May 19, 1864. 

2. V. James M., Mav 25, 1843. 

vi. Alfred, Dec. 20, 1847; d. May 16, 1873. 

vii. Mary, July 15, 1849 ; d. Sept. 14, 1849. 

2. James M. (s. of Joshua^) ; m. Aug. 28, 1870, Jane S. Thomas, 
dau. of Caleb Thomas, of Marshfield. She was b. Oct. 14, 1845. 
Besides in Huntington, Indiana. A shoe manufacturer. 

Children : 
i. Fred H., July 2, 1872. 
ii. James M., May 30, 1884. 


1. Seth (s. of Josiah, of Pembroke) ; ni. in 1840, Harriet S. 
Meade, dau. of Isaac Meade, of Charlestown, Mass. Lived in the 
Judge Whitman house near Noi'th Eiver bridge. He d. June 20, 
1866, and she d. June 20, 1855. 


i. Alice M., June 19, 1848; d. while visiting in Philadel- 
phia, Apr. 4, 1864. 


1. Elisha, b. 1735. Great grandson of William, who d. in Bos- 
ton, 1639; m. Jan. 6, 1774, Mary Collamore, dau. of John CoUa- 
more of Scituate. He d. in H., Mar. 81, 1829, aet. 94 yrs., and 
his widow d. Jan. 8, 1831, aet. 95 yrs. He was a soldier in the 
French War. Resided at Assinippi, near the Universalist church. 

Children, all born in Hanover: 
i. Mary, Sept. 21, 1774; m. Levi Burr of Hingham, 
and d. in H. Feb. 7, 1865. 
2. ii. Elisha, Mar. 7, 1777. 

iii. Sarah, Feb. 4, 1779; m. Calvin D. Wilder (1). 

2. Elisha (s. of Elisha^) (Lieut, in the War of 1812) ; m. June 
11, 1806, Lydia Clapp, of Scituate, who d. Oct. 17, 1849, aet. 71 
yrs. He d. May 17, 1856. Resided at Assinippi. 

Children all born in Hanover : 
i. Harriet, June 28, 1808; m. Israel H. Gardner (4). 
ii. John, Oct. 19, 1811; d. Dec, 1817. 
iii. Lydia S., Dec. 13, 1818; m. Capt. Benj. N. Curtis (59). 


I. John S. (s. of William, of Boston) b. March 26, 1819; d. Dec. 

II, 1872, while visiting in St. Louis, Mo. ; m. April 8, 1840, Louisa 
Young, dau. of Lot Young, of Roxbury. She d. Dec. 19, 1907. 
Mr. Barry was for some years pastor of the Universalist Church at 
Assinippi. He was the author of the History of Hanover, pub- 
lished in 1853. Representative. See chapter on Ecclesiastical 

Children : 

i. Caroline L., April 12, 1841; m. Dec. 4, 1860, Charles 
W. Morton, s. of Charles 0. Morton, of Needham, 
Mass. Ch: Willard M., Gertrude P., Helen L., 
Charles 0., William B., Ethel C. and Percy S. 

ii. Eliza B., June 6, 1843, unm. 

iii. Henrietta M., b. in H. January 1, 1848; m. Sept. 22, 
1872, Horace B. Parker, s. of John Parker. Ch: 
Horace L., Louisa B., Annie L., Laurence H., Maria 
P., Charles M., and Theodore B. 

iv. Esther S., b. Jan. 22, 1854, unm. 


1. Zenas S. (s. of George) b. in Mattapan, Mar. 25, 1861; m. 
Jan. 1, 1888, Emma J. Johnson, dau. of Enoch Johnson (1). 
Children born in Hanover: 
i. Herbert F., Apr. 15, 1889. 


ii. Margaret J., June 28, 1891. 

iii. Sarah N., Nov. 9, 1892; m. Jan. 1, 1907, Philip J. 

iv. Jane G., Apr. 9, 1895 ; d. Oct. 16, 1898. 
V. Eva L., Dec. 24, 1897. 
vi. Annie G., Jan. 6, 1901. 


Four brothers of this name came early to New England and set- 
tled at Cambridge, Watertown, and Dedham. These were George, 
Michael, John, and William. On the 20th of September, 1635, 
William Barstow, aet. 23, and George, aet. 21, embarked for New 
England in the Truelove, John Gibbs, master. The place from 
which they came is not known, but they were probably from York- 
shire. We follow the line of: 

1. William, (the fourth brother). He was in Dedham in 1636, 
and signed the Petition for the Incorporation of that town under 
the name of Contentment. The 16 d. 12 mo. 1642, grants of "up- 
land ground fit for improvement with the plough," were made to 
him and to his brother George. He was a freeman in Scituate in 
1649, and the first settler of whom we have record, in the present 
territory of Hanover. He was probably m. to his wife Anne, after 
he came to N. Eng., but we have found no record of this marriage 
and cannot therefore, give her maiden name in full. He was an 
extensive landowner. He d. in Scituate (territory, now Han- 
over), in 1668, suddenly, aet. 56 years, leaving no will, and his 
wid. Anne, administered on his estate. His sons, Joseph and 
William Barstow, by deed dated June, 1669, recorded Book 1, 
Page 97, made a deed in settlement of the real estate. 

Children, so far as we have been able to learn : 

2. i. Joseph, b. in Dedham, Apr. 6, 1639. 

ii. Patience, b. in Dedham, Oct. 3, 1643; m. in 1662 Moses 

Simmons (4). 
iii. Deborah, b. in Scituate, Aug., 1650. 

3. iv. William, b. in Scituate, Sept., 1652. 

v. Martha, b. in Scituate, 1655; m. in 1674, Samuel, eldest 
son of Samuel Prince. He d. before 1686. 

2. Joseph (s. of William^) ; m. May 16, 1666, Susanna Lin- 
coln, of Hingham. He d. April 17, 1712, and his wid. d. Jan. 31, 
1730, being very aged. That he was an extensive landowner is 
evident by the large grants made to him by the Colony Court, which 
embraced many hundred acres now lying partly in Abington. 
These grants were in the vicinity of the grants made to Cornet 
Stetson, with whom Mr. Barstow seems to have been on terms of 
intimate friendship, and whose will he witnessed. In 1672, this 
Joseph was allowed to keep an "Ordinary" at Scituate, where he 
then resided (now Hanover). 

Children : 


i. Susanna, June 3, 1667; m. Nov. 19, 1684, Isaac Ean- 

4. ii. Joseph, Jan. 33, 1675. 

iii. Benjamin, Mar. 1, 1679. Probably d. young, as he is 

not mentioned in his father's will, 
iv. Deborah, Dec. 26, 1681; m. Jan. 1, 1707, John Bryant, 


5. V. Samuel, Jan. 1, 1683. 

3. William (s. of William^) ; m. Sarah , and is called a hus- 
bandman. He probably followed to some extent the business of 
shipbuilding. Barry says that he was the owner of a sawmill, 
which he bequeathed to his children. This is a mistake, as no 
sawmill is mentioned in his will, but he did bequeath lots of land 
in the Old Sawmill Pond, so-called. His will was dated 1711. 

Children : 
i. Rebecca, March 12, 1676. 

ii. Martha, 1678; m. Dec. 2-5, 1705, John McFarland. 
iii. Anna, June 26, 1681; m. Samuel Curtis (6). 

6. iv. William, Nov. 23, 1684. 

V. Mary, Feb. 21, 1687; m. Jan. 3, 1715-16, Samuel Har- 
low, of Plymouth. 

7. vi. Benjamin, July 33, 1690. 

vii. Susanna, Nov. 8, 1693; m. Nov. 19, 1724, Benjamin 
Note. — A s. of William, bap. Nov. 7, 1680, probably d. young. 

4. Joseph ( s. of Joseph^) (called Capt. Joseph) ; m. Mary Ran- 
dall, dau. of Job Randall, and d. in H. July 25, 1728. The in- 
ventory of his estate speaks of 100 gallons of rum, 10 gallons of wine, 
and of two negro women, one of them named Rose, and appraised 
respectively, at £80 and £68, I/4 of a sloop, 14 of ^ gristmill at the 
New Forge, and i/4 of the New Forge, and 1-9 of a Sawnnill. His 
farm consisted of 70 acres, and several other lots of land aggre- 
gating 756 acres, a total of 826 acres. The whole was appraised 
at £6,936, a large sum for those days. Probate Records, Plym- 
outh, Book 5, Pages 846-7-8. Mr. Barstow resided on Broadwa}', 
first probably near the end of Oakland avenue, and finally, prob- 
ably, at South Hanover, near the end of Myrtle street. With three 
others he constructed the Forge at South Hanover, on the present 
location of the Ezra Phillips & Sons factory. His wid. m. May 
14, 1735, Thomas Bryant, of Scituate. 

Children : 

i. Elizabeth, Aug. 23, 1699 ; m. first, Jan. 25, 1719, Isaac 
Barker, of Newport, R. I. ; m. secondly, Elijah Cush- 
ii. Joseph, Sept. 6, 1701 ; d. Apr. 4, 1703. 
iii. Joseph, Jan. 10, 1704. 
iv. Josliua, Sept. 8, 1706; d. young. 
V. Mary, Feb. 31, 1709; d. young, 
vi. James, Apr. 80, 1711; d. Jan. 16, 1733, leaving a will. 


vii. Mary, May 20, 1717. 

8. viii. Joshua, Sept. 8, 1720. 

ix. Abigail, bt. May 9, 1723. 
Note. — An infant dau. b. Oct. 12, 1719, prob. d. soon after. 

5. Samuel (s. of Joseph2) . m. Mav 17, 1708; Lydia Eandall. He 
d. Oct. 23, 1730, aet. 47 yrs., and his wid. m. May 28, 1733, 
Tliomas Tracy, of Pembroke, and she moved to Pembroke with her 
ch. Mr. Barstow's estate was appraised at £3,700, his landed pos- 
sessions being very great. In the division of his estate, the eldest 
son took 2-9, the other seven children each 1-9, it being the law at 
the time that the oldest son should have a double share. Mr. 
Barstow was Selectman, and probably resided in his father's house 
on Broadway, or 'possibly on Washington street, near the North 

Children : 

9. i. Samuel, Feb. 7, 1709. 

ii. Deborah, bt. Oct. 5, 1712; m. Samuel House, a gr. 
grand s. of Samuel House (1). 

iii. Lydia, bap. April 1, 1717, and according to Barry, m. 
June 3, 1735, Ichabod Brewster, and settled in Leb- 
anon, Conn. But we are quite certain that she m. 
Nathan Bourne, and that she d. in Sandwich in 
May of 1739. 

iv. Job, bt. April 3, 1720. 

V. Michael, bt. Jan. 9, 1723. 
10. vi. Joseph, bt. June 13, 1725. 

vii. Elizabeth, bt. May 8,' 1727. Probably m. June 6, 17G2, 
Job Young. 

viii. Priscilla, bt. Oct. 5, 1729. 

6. William (s. of William^) ; m. Dec. 20, 1709, Sarah Randall 
dau. of Joseph Eandall, and d. previous to 1734, in which year 
his estate was settled. Pesided on Washington Street, in a house 
which stood near the present residence of George H. Allen. The 
wid. d. May 13, 1738? 

Children : 
i. Hannah, Aug. 10, 1710: m. Oct. 30, 1728, Wm. Ford 

of Marshfield. 
ii. Sarah, Oct. 2, 1712; m. Oct. 30, 1732-33, Ezekiel Lad, 
iii. William, Apr. 10, 1715. 

7. Benjamin (s. of William^) ; m. first, Dec. 20, 1709, Mercy 
Eandall, probably dau. of Joseph Eandall. She d. in H., Dec. 17, 
1728, and he m., secondly. May 15, 1730, Sarah Barden of H., 
who d. about 1738, and he m., thirdly, Nov. 27, 1738, wid. Ruth 
Winslow. Mr. Barstow was a shipwright, having his yard near 
the North river bridge. 'J'radition says he had 21 ch. in all, — 19 
are here given. 

Children by wife Mercy: 
i. Benjamin, Oct. 9, 1710; prob. d. 1715. 


ii. Martha, Jan. 20, 1712; prob. d. young, 
iii. Martha, Aug. 14, 1715; m. Eliab Turner (15). 
iv. Benjamin, bt. Sept. 2, 1716. 
V. Nathaniel, bt. Aug. 11, 1717. 
vi. Caleb, bt. Mar. 20, 1719 ; prob. d. young, 
vii. Mercy, bt. Aug. 19, 1722 ; m. 1747, Joshua Thomas, 
viii. Margaret, bt. June 27, 1725. 
ix. Eebecca, bt. June 11, 1727. 
X. A dau. bt. July 10, 1728, being sick, prob. d. 
xi. Gideon, Feb. 14, 1728-9; prob. d. young. 
Children by wife Sarah : 

11. xii. George, bt. Jan. 10, 1731. 

12. xiii. Thomas, Feb. 27, 1732. 

13. xiv. James, Feb. 22, 1734. 

14. XV. Jacob, Feb. 15, 1736. 

15. xvi. Gideon, Jan., 1738. 
Children by w. Kuth: 

16. xvii. Caleb. 

xviii. Sarah, May 5, 1741; m. Mar. 22, 1764, Silvanus Cook, 

of Kingston. 
xix. Content; m. Barlow, of Eochester. 

8. Joshua (s. of Joseph^) ; m. Apr. 21, 1741, Elizabeth Foster, 
dau. of Dea. Hatherly Foster, of Scituate, and, according to an in- 
scription in the grave yard, •'was drowned at the Eastward, Oct. 3, 
1763, aet. 44 yrs." 

Children : 
i. Joseph, d. May 3, 1759. 
ii. Mary, June 6, 1743; m. a Curtis? Eesided in Me. 

Had a large family — mostly sons, 
iii. James, Oct. 8, 1744. 
iv. Barshaway, Feb. 20, 1745; m. a Merrill? 
V. Abigail, Sept. 26, 1747; d. Oct. 24, 1749. 

17. vi. Joshua, June 26, 1749. 

vii. Calvin, Oct. 7, 1750; m. and d. in Ct. in 1826. 

viii. Ezekiel, June 7, 1752. 

ix. Abigail, Sept. 29, 1753; m. an Anisworth of Portland, 

X. Hatherly, Feb. 22, 1755, sett, in Portland, Me. 

xi. Foster, Apr. 2, 1757. 

xii. Elizabeth, Feb. 5, 1760. 

xiii. Joseph, sett, in New Yarmouth, Me.. Avas first a black- 
smith, then a saddler. 

9. Samuel (s. of Samuel^), was called Deacon Samuel, and was 
for many years Deacon of the First Church. He m. Nov. 26, 1731, 
Margaret Stockbridge, dau. of Joseph Stockbridge (4). She d. 
Apr. 12, 1788, aet. 80 yrs.. and he d. Nov. 19, 1801, aet. 93 yrs. 
Selectman. Besicled on King St., in a liouse which stood a few 
rods west of the house in which Mrs. Saba D. Church now resides. 














Children : 
i. Lusannah, Oct. 9, 1732; m. Mar. 11, 1755, John Eug- 
gles Jr., of Scituate. 
Samuel, July 28, 1734. 
Lydia, Mar. 14, 1736; m. Seth Bailey (6). 
Margaret, Feb. 20, 1738; d. June 1, 1739. 
Charles, May 3, 1740. 
Seth, June 15, 1742. 
Daniel, July 1, 1744. 

Margaret, June 1, 1746; d. Jan. 24, 1757. 
Grace, May 27, 1748; m. Oct. 19, 1769, Elisha Foster^ 
s. of Dea Foster of Soituate. 

10. Joseph (s. of Samuel^), with his sister, Lydia, moved to 
Lebanon, Ct., abt. 1735. He m. May 6, 1752, wid. Mary Webster, 
formerly a Bliss, who d. Mar. 4, 1770. 

Children : 

i. Job, Mar. 17, 1753. 

ii. Michael, May 24, 1754; m. Euth, dau. of Captain 
Abbot of Connecticut, a Eevolutionary soldier. 

iii. Joseph, Nov. 16, 1755. 

iv. Molly, Jan. 12, 1757. 

V, Lydia, Dec. 15, 1758; ra. Jesse Loomis, of Lebanon, 
Ct., sett, in Vermont. 

vi. Samuel, Apr. 8, 1760; m. Lueina Wright of Con- 

vii. Elizabeth, Jan. 31, 1762; m. Charles Wright of 
Columbia, Connecticut. 

viii. Mehitable, Dec. 14, 1764. 

ix. Charles, Apr. 15, 1766. 

X. Elias, Sept. 5, 1768. 

11. George (s. of Benjamin''') ; m. Jan. 10, 1750-1, Asenath 
Taylor. He resided, for a time in a house, long since destroyed, 
which stood a few rods south of where Col. J. B. Barstow resided, 
and finally moved to Me., where he d. 

Children baptized in Hanover: 
i. Isaac, Sept. 20, 1761. 
ii. Asenath, Aug. 5, 1764. 

12. Thomas (s: of Benjamin'^) ; m. Sarah Studley, dau. of John 
Studley (2) and resided in Scituate, his farm lying near Palmer's 
bridge, by the Third Herring brook, and his house being the same 
as that occupied later by his gr. s. Elijah. He was a sliipbuilder 
by trade, as were his ancestors. He d. Mar. 27, 1797, aet. 65 yrs.,. 
and his w. d. Feb. 2, 1805, aet. 74 yrs. 

Children : 
i. Sarah, b. 1754, bt. Mar. 16, 1755; m. Samuel Wood- 
ward, and moved to Me. 
22. ii. Thomas, b. 1756, bt. May 22, 1757. 


iii. Eebecca, b. 1759, bt. Sep. 13, 1761; m. Nathaniel 
Church, of Scituate, and moved to Me., where she d. 

23. iv. Nathaniel, b. 1761, bt. June 13, 1764. 

24. V. John B., b. 1764, bt. June 17, 1764. 

vi. Jane D., b. 1766, bt. Aug. 31; m. Samuel Donnell (2). 
vii. Mary, b. 1768. bt. Oct. 2, d. unm., June 1, 1850. 

25. viii. Elijah, b. 1771. 

13. James (s. of Benjamin") ; m. Feb. 23, 1758, Ehoda House. 
He was a shipbuilder for a time in H., and moved to Duxbury, 
where he d. in 1808, and his wid. d. in Pembroke, Sept. 5, 1819, aet. 
84 yrs. 

Children : 

i. James; m. Sarah Leavitt of Pembroke, a shipwright. 

ii. Joseph; m. Lydia Soule of Duxbury. 

iii. Nabby; m. Asa Keen, of Pembroke, had 12 ch. 

iv. William; m. Lydia Simmons. Eesided in Pembroke. 

V. George (Eev.) Apr. 7, 1775; probably m. Nov. 26, 1801, 
Sarah, dau. of Gideon Barstow (15). Did their 
dan. Jane W. Barstow m. Edwin Barstow (34) ? 

vi. Euth; m. William Standish, of Pembroke, and had 10 

14. Jacob (s. of Benjamin'^) ; m. Mar. 13, 1760, Keziah, or 
Desire Brattles, who d. in Pembroke, Sept. 28, 1793, aet. 52 yi's. 

Cliildren : 
i. Huldah, Jan. 23, 1760-1; m. Alanson Carver, of 

Marshfield. Had ch. 
ii. Jacob, Nov. 7, 1762. 
iii. Barden, June 11, 1768; d. unm. 

26. iv. Charles, Sept. 1, 1771. 

V. Kezia, Jan. 1, 1775; m. April 12, 1795, Sylvanus Lap- 
ham of Marshfield. 
vi. Deborah; m. John Jones of Marshfield. 

15. Gideon (s. of Benjamin^) ; m. first in 1759, Jane Wilson, of 
Chatham, Mass., who d. April 1, 1816, aet. 84 yrs; m. secondly, 
■Oct. 28, 1816, Tamar Gushing, dau. of Elijah Gushing (6). He 
d. in Mattapoisett, March 9, 1826, aged 88 years, and his wid. d. 
Feb. 10, 1839. Shipbuilder by trade. Did much to promote the 
prosperity of town of Mattapoisett. 


i. Gideon, Sept. 11, 1760; m. first, Ann Meade, and sec- 
ondly, Deborah Loring. Eesided in Mattapoisett. 
Shipbuilder. Member of Convention for revising 
constitution of Massachusetts. 

ii. Mary, Nov. 15, 1762; m. Capt. Nathaniel Pope, of 
Fairhayen, and d. June, 1851, aet. 89 yrs. 

iii. Wilson, June 3. 1765; m. Susanna P. Moore, dau. of 
Eev. Jonathan Moore; shipbuilder; active in public 


iv. Benjaniiu, Aug. 2(^, 1TG7; d. unm. in Apr. 1847, ai-t,. 

80 yrs. 
V. Caleb, d. Aug. 7. 1794. 
\i. Sarah, Feb. 1, 1770; d. Aug. 4, 1774. 
\ii. JjUC)', Mar. 25, 1772; m. Nathaniel Hammond of 

Mattapoisett, and d. Oct. 20, 1802. 
viii. Sarali, July 1, 1777; m. Rev. (ieorgo Barstow, tlie son. 

of James Barslow (lo) ? 

16. Caleb (s. of Benjamin^) ; m. Nov. 23, 1770, Sylvina Magonn,. 
of Pembroke. He d. in Windsor, Ct., Mar. 17, 1800, and his wid.. 
d. in Mattapoisett, May, 181G, aet. 67 yrs. 

Children : 
i. Caleb, Sep. 1771; ui. Alice McDaniel of Johnston, K.I., 

moved to Ohio in 1807, and d. abt. 1835. 
ii. Benjamin ; d. voung. 
iii. Sylvia, Mar., 1775; d. Oct., 1791. 
iv. Benjamin, Aug. 22, 1776. 
V. Sarah, Aug. 22, 1776 ; d. Oct., 1791. 
vi. Elias, JulJ 3, 1779. 
vii. Achsa, Mar. 17, 1781; m. Oct. 17, 1798, Samuel Snow,. 

of Providence, E. I. 
viii. Isaac, Oct., 1783; m. a Walker and resided in Ohio. 
ix. William, Dec, 1785. 
X. Nathaniel, Apr. 28, 1788. 

17. Joshua (s. of Joshua^) ; m. Sep. 23, 1773, Margaret Bouney, 
of Pembroke. He was connected with the Forge known as Bar- 
stow's Forge at South Hanover. Removed to Exeter, N. H., abt. 
1795, where he d. Dec. 22, 1821, aet. 73 yrs., and his wid. d. Oct. 
26, 1825, aet. 80 yrs. 

Children born in Hanover : 
27. i. Ezekiel, July 23, 1774. 

ii. Betsey, Dec. 12, 1776; m. Simon Magoun of N. PI.; 

had 9 children, and d. 1840. 
iii. Margaret, Sep. 5, 1780 ; m. William Craves, and had 

3 children; d. in N. H., 1817. 
iv. Joshua, Apr. 6, 1782; m. Hannah Webster, of East 

Kingston, had 2 ch., and d. 1811. 
V. Calvin, June 10, 1784; d. aet. 12 yrs. 
vi. Charles C, Jan. 25, 1786; m. Sophia, dau. of Charles 

Fanning of Connecticut. Resided and d. in New 

vii. Sophia, bt. Sep. 18, 1788; m. Brackett Johnson, of 

N. H., and d. 1814. 

18. Samuel (Lt). (s. of Samuel^) ; m. first, Jan. 27, 1757, 
Huldah House, dau. of Samuel and Deborah (Barstow) House; 
m. secondly, Jan. 15, 1792, Sybil Hatch, dau. of Israel Hatch (6). 
She d. Mar. 25, 1820, aet. 79'yi's. He d. May 4, 1826, aet. 92 yrs. 


Resided on King St., in house now occupied by Mrs. Saba D. 
Church. Selectman. 

Children born in Hanover: 
i. Samuel, July 15, 1757; d. in Revolutionary Army, at 

Roxbury, Jan. 31, 1776. 
ii. Job, Oct. 17, 1758; d. unm. in Ct., 1790. 

28. iii. Joseph, July 10, 1760. 

iv. Huldah, July 29, 1763; m. Dec. 7, 1796, Asa Town- 
V. Philip, b. Feb. 29, and d. Dec. 28, 1765. 
vi. House, Aug. 16, 1767; d. young. 

19. Charles (s. of Samuel^); m. Sally, Stockbridge? Resided 
and d. in Taunton, Mass. 

Children : 
i. Charles, d. unm. 

ii. Stockbridge; m. a Carver, left a s. Charles, 
iii. Sally; m. a Carver, 
iv. Lydia. 

20. Seth (s. of SamueP) ; m. in 1766, Ruth Allen of Martha's 
Vineyard. He d. in Sharon, Ct. in 1822. His wife d. in 1816. 
He was a shipwright by trade. 

Children : 
i. Allen, Sept. 2, 1767. Resided in Canaan, N". Y. 
ii. Peggy, Sep., 1769; m. Daniel Lindsley, abt. 1793, and 

had ch.; d. abt. 1822. 
iii. Olive, Nov., 1771 ; m. Silas St. John, in 1795. Moved 

to Ct. 
iv. Mary, Feb., 1775; m. Reuben Calkins, and d. abt. 1837. 
V. Samuel, May, 1777; Physician. Resided in West 

Stockbridge. Senator in 1812; d. 1813. 
vi. Seth T., Oct. 30, 1779. Resided in Pennsylvania, 
viii. Betsey, Dec, 1781 : m. Thomas B. Beebe, and d. abt. 

viii, Gamaliel H., 1783, Physician. Resided in N". Y, 

State Senator. Member of Congress, 
ix. Charles, 1787; m, and d, in 1816. 

21. Daniel (Capt,) (s. of SamueP) ; m. July 4, 1771, Betsey 
Tilden, dau. of Lieut. Job Tilden (1), She d. Mar. 8, 1826, 
aet. 77 yrs. He d. Feb. 25, 1842. Resided on King St., in his 
father's house. He was Selectman and Capt. of one of the old 
Military companies prior to 1800, 

Children : 
i, Betty, Aug. 1, 1772; m, Oct. 21, 1794, Walter Rogers, 
s. of Adam, of Marshfield, Had 9 children. 

29, ii, Daniel, Apr, 22, 1774. 

iii, Lucy, Aug. 21, 1777; m. Oct. 10, 1802, Barnabas Stet- 
son, of Abington, 


iv. Sally, July 30, 1780: m. Melzar Hatch (13). 
V. Grace, July 30, 1780, d. May 12, 1829. 
' vi. Lydia, Oct. 17, 1786, d. May 12, 1822. 

vii. Nabby, June 27, 1791; m. Dec. 21, 1813, Ephraim 

22. Thomas (s. of Thomas^-), settled in Scituate on the farm 
known as Fox Hill Farm, bordering on the North river; m. Lydia 
Sylvester, dau. of Nathaniel Sylvester (9), and d. Sept. 1, 1834, 
and his wid. d. Jan. 19, 1810. He was a shipbuilder. 

Children : 
i. Thomas, Jan. 2, 1783; m. Sep. 28, 1806, Alice Thomas 

of H; d. in New Bedford, 
ii. Lydia, Aug. 29, 1785; m. Thomas Green, of New 

iii. EUinor, Feb. 27, 1788, d. in Scituate, Dec. 17, 1846. 
iv. Eebecca, Oct. 24, 1790; m. Gideon Richmond, of New 

V. Barker, May 12, 1793; d. Oct. 1, 1811. 
vi. Olive S., Aug. 3, 1795; m. Capt. Thomas Waterman, 

of South Scituate. 

23. Nathaniel (s. of Thomas^^) ; m. Aug. 31, 1786, Elizabeth 
Gushing, dau. of Joseph Gushing (8). Settled in Maine, where 
he d. in 1798. He was engaged in ship building on the Damaris- 
cotta river. 

Children : 

i. Betsey C., bt. Sep. 14, 1788; m. Gilbert Brooks, of 
Scituate, and d. in Medford. 

ii. Deborah, bt. July 11, 1790; d. unm. in Camden, Me. 

iii. Mary, bt. May 22, 1791; m. first, Oct. 10, 1808, Rev. 
Thomas Cochran, of Camden, Me., and secondly, 
Ralph Conway. 

iv. Joseph C. ; m. and had ch. Resided and d. in Litch- 
field, Me. 

V. Nathaniel, 

vi. Ruth. 

24. John B. (Col.) (s. of Thomases) ; m. Feb. 7, 1788, Betsey 
Eells, dau. of Robert L. Eells (6). Resided in H., on Broadway, 
on farm known as the "Broad Oak Farm," and in the house built 
by himself, he having purchased the farm of John Young in 1792„ 
Shipbuikler, Selectman and Representative, and held military 
offices of Lieut., Capt., Major and Col. He d. Aug. 6, 1854. His 
wife d. July 14, 1851, in the 91st year of her age. 

Children : 
1. Sarah, May 21, 1788; m. Joseph S. Bates (1). 
ii. Betsey E., Sep. 22, 1789; d. Mar. 24, 1874. 
30. iii. John, Feb. 17, 1791. 

iv. Jane, July 24, 1792; m. David Hersey (1). 
V. Hannah, Jan. 27, 1794; d. Oct. 8, 1866. 









31. vi. Edward, Aug. 27, 1795. 

vii. Eobert, Feb. 1, 1797, d. imm. in England in 1818. 

viii. Capt. Benjamin, Dec. 15, 1799; d. Sep. 3, 1880. 
ix, Salome, July 24, 1801; m. Haviland Torrey (1). 

25. Elijah (Dea.), (s. of Thomasis) ; m. first, Nov. 8, 1798, Lucy 
Eells, dan. of Robert L. Eells (6). She d. Jan. 21, 1840, and he 
m. secondly, Diana Everson, of Kingston. Resided in Scitnate, 
on his father's place. Was a shipbuilder and farmer. He was 
Deacon of the Central Church in H. for many years. He d. in 
1842, and his wid. returned to Kingston. 

Children : 

Nathaniel, Aug. 16, 1799. 

Lucy E., bt. June 6, 1801; m. Ozen Josselyn (30). 
Elijah, bt. Sep. 28, 1806, d. in Scit., Oct. 3, 1805. 
Edwin W. 
V. Abby E; m. Thos. H. C. Barstow (38). 

35. vi. Andrew. 

26. Charles (s. of Jacob 14) ; m. z\pr. 10, 1796, Abigail Perry, 
of Pembroke. He d. May, 4, 1829, and his wid. d. 

Children : 
i. Burden, Dec. 15, 1797; d. unm. in New Orleans, 1830. 

36. ii. William C, May 9, 1801. 

iii. x^bigail, Sep. 20, 1803; m. Oct. 10, 1822, William 
Josselyn of Pembroke. 

37. iv. Charles, Aug. 13, 1805. 

38. V. Thomas H. C, Oct. 23, 1808. 

vi. Caroline; m. Feb. 4, 1833, John 0. Hudson, of East 

27. Ezekiel (s. of Joshua'^^) ; m. Nov. 28, 1799, Mary Connor, 
of Exeter, N. H., and returned to H., his native place in 1805, and 
there d. Jan. 10, 1815, and his wid. and ch. returned to Exeter, 
where she d. Oct. 4, 1845, aet. 67 yrs. 

Children : 
i. Almira, Sept. 27, 1800; m. a Collins of New Loiidon, 

ii. Mary J., Feb. 10, 1803; m. a Nichols of Haverhill, 

Mass., and had 7 ch. 
iii. John C, Feb. 6, 1805; m. Lucretia Moore, of Danvers, 

iv. Joshua, Mar. 6, 1808; d. in Texas in 1836. 
V. Margaret F., Mar. 27, 1810. 
vi. Ezekiel H., May 17, 1815. Graduate of Dartmouth 

College. Was school teacher and clergyman. 

28. Joseph (s. of Lt. SamuePS) ; m. first, Apr. 11, 1782, Mary 
Hatch, dau. of James Hatcli (11), and secondly, wid. Tufts. 
Resided in Cornish, Vt., where he and his wid. d. 



Children : 
i. Aunc, Aug. T), 1?85. 
ii. ("apt. Sauniel, Feb. 27, 17S8; ni. Klcanor Jewell, and 

resided in New York, 
iii. Job, May 19, 17i)U. 

iv. Joseph, May 13, 1795. Drowned in the West Indies. 
V. James H., July 5, 1798. 
vi. Xancy; ni. a Chambcrlin. 
vii. Polly; m. a Chase. 

29. Daniel (.s. of Capt. Daniel^'); m. lirst, dan. 15, 1801, Ruth 
Estes, dau. oi' Eichard Estes (6), and secondly, Lydia Stetson, 
dau. of Ephraini or Barnabas Stetson, of East xibington. She d. 
Nov. 15, 1850, aged 78 yrs., and he d. Feb. 20, 1861. Resided on 
King street, in house occupied by his father. (Ruth Estes Bar- 
stow m. secondly, Roland Sylvester, s. of dob Sylvester and 
gr. s. of Amos Sylvester (G) ). 


i. Daniel, b. Jan. 1808; m. first, Dec. 31, 1830, Betsey 
p]stes, dau. of Richard Estes (8). She d. Sept. 5, 
1872, and he m. secondly, Oct. 8, 1873, widow Lu- 
cinda Packard, dau. of Calvin Bates (;i2). He d. 
Apr. 19, 1882, and his wid. d. May 23, 1891. Re- 
sided on King St., in house now owned and occupied 
by Charles F. Russell. 

ii. Saniuel, Mar. 0, 1809; m. Oct. 28, 1830, Saba D. 
Estes, dau. of Richard Estes (8). He d. Jan. 1, 
]8fi7, and his wid. d. June 21, 1882. 

30. John (s. of John B.-*) ; m. Sarah S. Thompson, dau. of Ed. 
K. Thompson, of Providence, R. I., and gr. gr. dau. of Rev. 
Ebenezer Thompson, who was Rector of St. AndT-(>ws Church, 
Scituate. Mass. Resided in N. Y., and engaged in commerce, and 
afterwards removed to Providence, R. I. 

Children probably born in Providence, 
i. Lydia K. ; d. unni., 1905. 
ii. Elizabeth T., d. num. Apr. 9, 1907. 
iii. Hannah, d. young. 

31. Edward, Capt. (s. of John B.24) ; m. Sep. 2, 1821, Amy 
Bailey, dau. of .Tohn Bailey (10). He d. Jan. 27, 1833, and his 
wid. m. William Dawes of II. Shipbuilder. l?esided near the 
Four Corners in the house whei'e Mrs. Edwai-d Barstow now re- 

Chiklron : 

dohn E.. June 10, 1822. 
Robert, June 24, 1824. 

Elizabeth, June 17, 182G; m. Nathaniel Cushing (15). 
Joseph B., Feb. 3, 1828. 
Frederick 0., June 6, 1830. 
vi. Edward, Jan. 27, 1833. 












32. Nathaniel (Capt.) (s. of Elijali25) ; m. first, in 1833, Grace 
Foster, who d. Apr. 4, 1834, and secondly in July, 1837, Abby 
Hammett, dau. of Benjamin Hammett of Boston. He d. Apr. 3, 
1885, and his wid. d. April 23, 1891. Shipmaster. Eesided at 
the Four Corners, in house now owned and occupied by Peter 

Child born in Hanover, by wife Grace : 

i. Grace F., Apr., 1834; d. unm.. May 6, 1890. 
Children born in Hanover, by wife Abby: 

ii. Lucy A., June 25, 1840; m. Eben C. Waterman (1). 

iii. Mary E., Feb. 13, 1842. 

iv. Sarah E., Dec. 29, 1845; d. Jan. 14, 1851. 

V. Marietta H., June 15, 1850; d. unm., Oct. 6, 1870. 

33. Elijah (s. of Elijahss) . m. May 9, 1837, Caroline 0. Briggs, 
dau. of Henry Briggs. She d. Dee. 29, 1888, and he d. Feb. 21, 
1894. Shipbuilder in connection with Capt. Thomas Waterman. 
Eesided in South Scituate on his father's farm. 

Children : 
44. i. Henry B., b. in H., Nov. 23, 1838. 

ii. Albert, July 8, 1840 ; d. unm., Apr. 7, 1863. 

34. Edwin (Capt.) (s. of Elijahs^). Did he m. Jane W. Bar- 
stow, a dau. of Eev. George Barstow and gr. dau. of James Bar- 
stow (13) ? Eesided in Bridgewater. A shipmaster. Was for 
many years owner of the forge on King street, where he manufac- 
tured anchors. 

Children : 

i. Jane W., Aug. 7, 1835. 

ii. Jacob P., June 29, 1839. 

iii. Sarah W., June 6, 1842; m. Isaac Damon. 

iv. Edwin W., Dec. 5, 1844. 

V. Walter J., Aug. 14, 1847. 

vi. Salome T., Sep. 28, 1850. 

35. Andrew (s. of Elijah^^) ; m. Mary Abernethy, and resided 
in Bridgewater, 

Children : 
i. Andrew, 
ii. Henrietta W. 
iii. Eachel. 

36. William C. (Capt.) (s. of Charles2C) ; m. May 4, 1825, Sarah 
F. Morton, dau. of Capt. Silas Morton, of Pembroke. She was b. 
Dec. 27, 1800, and d. May, 1879. He d. Apr. 1864, in Boston. 
Was a shipmaster. 

Children : 
i. Sarah E., Mar. 16, 1826; m. Sept. 14, 1846, Henry T. 

Jenkins of N. Y., and had ch. 
ii. Amelia, July 22, 1828; m. Sep. 14, 1846, Henry 

Bowers Jr. Eesided in N. Y., where she d. 


iii. Harriet M., June 22, 1831. 
iv. Francis T., June 5, 1833; d. Aug. 17, 1834. 
V. Maria L., Apr. 26, 1837; d. in 1872. 
vi. William H., June 16, 1838. 
vii. Eloise K., Aug. 1, 1840; d. Apr. 28, 1860. 
viii. Francis D., Apr. 28, 1813 ; d. Oct. 31, 1907 in N. Y. 
Note. — The first 2 ch. were b. in Pembroke, the 3rd in Brook- 
lyn, N. Y., the 4th in Eoxbury, Mass., and last four in H. 

37. Charles (s. of Charleses) ; m. May 4, 1833, Sarah A. Hudson, 
dau. of Daniel Hudson of East Bridgewater. She was b. in 
Bridgewater, Mar. 28, 1812, and d. Sept. 22, 1887. He d. Mar. 
26, 1892. Eesided in Boston. Shipwright. 

Children : 
i. Sarah A., June 23, 1834; d. Feb. 23, 1845. 
ii. Charles W., Feb. 24, 1837; m. first, Sarah Brigham of 

Boston, and secondly, Oct., 1869, Ella E. Gale, dau. 

of Daniel Gale of St. Louis, Mo., and has had seven 

iii. Fanny H., b. in Pembroke, Feb. 28, 1851 ; m. Sept. 22, 

1892, Francis A. Baker. Eesides in Eockland. No 


38. Thomas H. C. (s. of Charles20) ; m. Apr. 23, 1836, Abby E. 
Barstow, dau. of Elijah Barstow (25). He d. Nov. 8, 1869, and 
his wid. d. Feb. 10, 1889. Eesided at the Four Corners, a part of 
his life in the house now owned and occupied by Dr. C. L. Howes. 

Children born in Scituate : 

i. Emma, June 15, 1837; m. William C. Bates (49). 

ii. Haviland, June 11, 1839; m. Aug., 1867, Mary E. 
Gardiner. Lost his life, Jan. 24, 1870, on the U. 
S. Steamer, Oneida, of which he was first assistant 
engineer, when that vessel was run down in Yoko- 
hama Bay, Japan, by the British Steamer, Bombay. 
Also served in Navy in Civil War. 

iii. Sidney, Apr. 14, 1842; m. Susan E. Gowdy, and d. in 
Lynn, Nov. 4, 1906. Served in Civil War. 
89. John E. (s. of Edward^i) ; m. Eliza Crary of New York, and 
d. Oct. 24, 1904. Eesided in Morrisania, New York. 
Children : 

1. John; d. in infancy. 

ii. Eliza C; m. in 1903, William H. Price, s. of William 
Price of Salisbury, Eng. 

iii. Kate A.; m. in 1877, Edward G. Williams, s. of Ed- 
ward M. Williams, of London, Eng. Ch: 
i. Kate A., Dec. 15, 1877. 
ii. Alice G., Aug. 2, 1879. 
iii. Edward G. ; d. in infancy, 
iv. Edna E.. Aug. 24, 1883. 
V. Helen I., Jan. 2, 1885. 
vi. Grace; d. in infancy. 


iv. AVilliam; d. in infancy. 
V. Ellen J. ; d. in infancy. 

40. Robert (s. of Edward^i) ; m. Dec. 24, 1846, Ann E. Josselyn, 
dau. of Ozen Josselyn (30). He d. May 24, 1901, and his wid. 
d. July 15, 1903. Was an officer in the naval service of the United 
States from 1861 to 1865. Was in Admiral Farragut's fleet for a 
while. Resided in Newton, Mass. 

Children : 
i. Amy E., b. in Bridgewater, Dec. 18, 1847 ; m. Henry E. 

Chamberlin (12). 
ii. Frances E., b. in H., April 21, 1858; d. May 1, 1859. 

41. Joseph B. (s. of Edward^'O ; m. Nov. 26, 1857, Elmira Jos- 
selyn, dau. of Ozen Josselyn (30). He d. Nov. 22, 1898. Re- 
sided in Quincy, Mass. 

Children : 
i, Clarence H., Sept. 28, 1860. 
ii. Herbert, July 8, 1863; d. Aug. 20, 1863. 
iii. Ella B., Sept. 2, 1865. 

42. Frederick 0. (Rev.) (s. of Capt. Edward^i) ; m. June 28, 
1858, Mary E. Torrey, who d. Jan. 12, 1897. Resides in Seattle, 
Washington. School teacher and clergyman. 

Children : 
i. Eunice A.; m. Willis E. Tobey, of California, and has 

ch : Eunice A., Bessie, Adrian and Ruth, 
ii. Anna; m. Robert P. West, of California, and has ch: 

Fred, d. young; Grace T., b. 1895; Louis B., b. 1897; 

Roberta C, b. 1900; Helen E., b. 1905; a child b. 

iii. Fannie; m. Robert E. Donohue, of California, and has 

ch: Julia R., b. 1892; Robert E., b. 1896; Charles 

T., b. 1898; Grace M., b. 1900, and Alice, b. 1906. 

43. Edward (s. of Capt. Edward^i) ; m. Aug. 6, 1857, Elizabeth 
A. Brackett, dau. of Capt. William Brackett, of Maine. She was 
b. in New Harbor, Me., June 17, 1836. He d. Nov. 4, 1898. Ed- 
ward Barstow was a captain in the Marine service for many years. 
Among the larger vessels under his command was the Wellington, 
a ship of 726 tons, sailing from Monte Video to Liverpool. He 
also commanded a vessel running from Cronstadt to New Orleans 
and St. Petersburg, and another running from New York to South 
American ports. Resided on Washington street at end of Oak- 
land avenue, where his widow now resides. 

Children born in Hanover : 
i. E. Estelle, Feb. 28, 1863; m. Nov. 26, 1903, Joseph F. 

Sargent, of Spencer, s. of William Sargent. No 

ii. Georgie E., July 31, 1867, unm. 


44. Henry B. (s. of Elijah^s) ; m. first, June 21, 1864, Susan W. 
Atwood. She d. Apr. 2, 18G7, aged 28 yrs., and he m. secondly, 
Nov. 21, 1870, Emily Morse, dau. of Levi Morse. She was b. in 
Middleboro, Feb. G, 1S3S>. Resides on Broadway, near the Nor- 
well town line. 

Children born in Hanover: 
i. Albert H., Sept. 6, 1871 ; d. Sept. 22, 1873. 

45. ii. Alton M., Jan. 4, 1874. 

46. iii. Elmer W., Oct. 9, 1876. 
iv. Caroline 0., Oct. 18, 1878. 

46. Alton M. (s. of Henry B.'^) ; m. Sep. 4, 1901, Betsey Wild, 
dau. of Rev. John Wild (1). 
Child born in Boston : 
i. Alton W., May 1, 1903. 

46. h:imer W. (s. of Henry B.^') ; m. Mar. 30, 1903, Louise G. 
Lau, dau. of Emil F. Lau. She was b. in Berlin, Germany, Sept. 
3, 1877. 

Children born in Middleboro : 

i. Marie L., Jan. 7, 1904. 

ii. Olive M., Apr. 29, 1905. 


1. Harry C. (s. of Arthur, of Foxboro) ; m. Nov. 28, 1907, Selma 
A. Caribou, dau. of Peter Caribou, of Sweden. She d. 1909. 
Child born in Hanover: 
i. Ralph C, Sept. 24, 1908. 


1. Rev. Benjamin (s. of Joseph, of Braintree) b. Deo. 19, 1694. 
He was first pastor of First Church of H. ; m. Mary Gardner, dau. 
of Rev. James Gardner, of Marshfield. Sett, in H. in 1738, and d. 
May 23, 1756. His wid. d. Feb. 25, 1772. Resided on Hanover 
street at "\\'oodward Hill" in a house long since torn down. 

Children : 
i. Mary, Oct. 30, 1730; d. Mar. 21, 1802. 
ii. Elizabeth, Mar. 18, 1733-4; m. Edmund Sylvester 
2. iii. Benjamin, June G, 1741. 

2. Benjamin (s. of Rev. Benjamin^) ; m. first, Oct. 28, 1765, 
Mercy Tolman, of Scituate. She d. Apr. 4, 1792. He m. sec- 
ondly, Mar. 3, 1793, Marv Eolls, dau. of Samuel Eells (4). She 
d. Jan. 8, 1808. He d. Mar. 17, 1821. Deacon of the Church for 
many years. Representative. Town Clerk. Selectman. Re- 
sided first on Hanover street in his father's house, where his chil- 
dren were boin, and then on Broadway, corner of Spring street. 

Children born in Hanover: 


t' i. Mercy, Sept. 14, 1766; m. Apr. 29, 1792, Heman 
Holmes, of Kingston. She d. June 9, 1794. 
3. ii. Benjamin, June 26, 1768. 

iii. Cinderella, Dec. 30, 1770; d. Feb. 28, 1851. 

iv. Huldah, May 16, 1773; m. Robert Eells (8). 

V. Alden, Jan. 30, 1776; m. Ehoda Tyler. Eesided in 

Camden, Me.; d. Oct. 6, 1851. 
vi. Sarah, Dec. 14, 1778; m. Joseph Eells (9). 
vii. Elisha, July 23, 1781 ; d. unm. Jan. 14, 1867. 
viii. Mary G., Aug. 18, 1784; d. Apr. 30, 1862. 

3. Benjamin (s. of Benjamin^) ; m. Dec. 4, 1794, Lucinda Syl- 
vester, dau. of Michael Sylvester (8). He d. June 6, 1825, and 
his wid. d. May 10, 1840. Eesided on Broadway a part of his life, 
and part of his life on Hanover street in his father's house. 
Children : 

i. Benjamin, Oct. 8, 1795; d. in Brooklyn, N. Y. 

ii. Mercy T., Mar. 29, 1797; m. Oct. 14, 1818, Thomas 
Wright, of Scituate. 

iii. Michael, Mar. 21, 1799; d. at sea. 

iv. John, Nov. 15, 1800; d. unm. Oct. 12, 1884. 

V. Christopher S., Dec. 15, 1802; m. Sophia Curtis. 

vi. Bardin, Nov. 23, 1804. 

vii. Michael, Nov. 23, 1804; m. George Lovell, of Abing- 

viii. Euth T., Feb. 12, 1807; m. Melzar Hatch (17). 

ix. Eobert S., Aug. 1808; m. Lydia Loud. 


1. Clement, of Hertfordshire, England ( ?) aet. 40, and Ann, his 
w., of the same age, with their ch : James, 14; Clement, 12; Eachel, 
8; Joseph, 5, and Benjamin, 2, embarked at London, in the 
Elizabeth, William Stagg, master, for New England, Apr. 6, 1635, 
and sett, in Hingham, Mass. In the same year the father had land 
granted him in Broad Cove Meadows, and a house-lot on s. side of 
South street. In 1637, he, with Nicholas Jacobs and others, had 
each lots of two acres granted them. He d. in Hingham, Sept. 
17, 1671; and his s. Joseph, by w. Hester, was fa. of Joseph, who 
sett, in that part of Scituate, now Hanover, abt. 1695, and was the 
ancestor of most of the families of Bates' in Hanover, and its 

2. Joseph (s. of Joseph and gr. s. of Clement of Hingham). He 
was in that part of Scituate, now H., in 1695. He d. in H., July 
9, 1740, and his wid. d. Aug. 15, 1742, being very aged. Eesided 
on Centre street, near the residence of Eodney Mann. 

Children : 
i. Euth, Apr. 9, 1695; m. Joseph Josselyn (5). 
3. ii. Joseph, Jan. 25, 1697. 
iii. Mercy, Feb. 28, 1699. 











iv. Mary, Mar. 13, 1701. 

4. V. Solomon, Dec. 25, 1702. 

5. vi. Amos, Nov. 25, 1705. 

6. vii Clement, Dec. 27, 1707. 

viii. Eachel, Feb. 22, 1710; m. Stephen Torrey (9). 

3. Joseph (s. of Joseph^) ; m. Mary Bowker, who d. a wid. July 
30, 1759. Prob. resided on Centre street, near present residence of 
Eodney Mann. 

Children : 

Sarah or Mary, Dec. 27, 1730; m. Jacob Sylvester (5). 
Lucy, Oct. 14, 1732; m. Jeremiah Stetson, s. of Seth 

Stetson (11). 
Joseph, July 7, 1734. 

Euth, Mar. 11, 1736; d. unm., Dec. 16, 1830. 
Lemuel, July, 1738. 
Benjamin, June 9, 1740. 
vii. Mercy, 1742 ( ?) ; m. Joseph Eamsdell (4). 

4. Solomon (s. of Joseph^) ; m. May 1, 1730, Deborah Whiting, 
of Hingham. He d. Mar. 28, 1787. Eesided on Broadway. 

Children : 
1. Deborah, bt. Oct. 10, 1731 ; prob. d. Mar. 29, 1786. 
ii. Jerusha, Sept., 1734; m. Jan. 19, 1764, Leonard Hill, 
of Pembroke. 

10. iii. Solomon, June 29, 1741. 

iv. Ann, 1745; d. July 25, 1799. 

5. Amos (s. of Joseph^) ; m. Oct. 31, 1735, Jemimah Caswell. 

Children born in Hanover and elsewhere: 

i. Amos, July 31, 1736. 

11. ii. .Tonathan, 1741. 

12. iii. Elijah. 

13. iv. Sylvester. 

14. V. Moses. ' ' 

15. vi. David. 

6. Clement (s. of Joseph^) ; m. June 15, 1730, Agatha Merritt, 
who d. Dec. 25, 1786, and ho d. Mar. 14, 1788. Eesided on Cen- 
ter street, where Benjamin L. Stetson now resides. 

Children : 
i. Clement, Nov. 17, 1730; d. June 11, 1753. 
ii. James, Nov. 10, 1732. Moved to New Bedford. 

16. iii. Seth, Aug., 1735. 

iv. Thomas, bt. Jan. 17, 1738: d. Jan. 21, same year. 

17. V. Thomas, bt. Apr., 1740. 
vi. Joshua, bt. Nov. 7, 1742. 

18. vii. Gamaliel, Jan. 31, 1745. 

viii. Paul, bt. Oct. 4, 1747: d. Jan. 12. 17-f9. 

ix. Abigail, bt. Apr. 29, 1750; m. John Chapman (3). 

X. Betsev, bt. May 12, 1751; d. Jan. 22. 1753. 

xi. Betsey, bt. Apr. 29, 1753; d. Dee. 12, 1788. 


19. xii. Clement, bt. Sept. 21, 1755. 

7. Joseph (s. of Joseph^) ; m. first, Oct. 28, 1762, Phebe Bowker, 
who d. Dec. 2, 1772; m. secondly, Dec. 23, 1773, wid. Tamsen Bow- 
ker, who d. Feb. 7, 1791, and he d. Dec. 7, 1816. No ch. Re- 
sided on Centre street in his father's house. 

8. Lemuel (s. of Joseph^) ; m. Oct. 16, 1766, Mercy Witherell, 
who d. a wid. Feb., 1825. He having d. in Maine. 

Children : 
i. Mercy, 1776; d. in H. Dec. 25, 1848. 
ii. Lemuel. Moved to Me. 
iii. An infant son; d. Dec. 26, 1775. 
iv. Child; d. Dec. 3, 1776. 

9. Benjamin (s. of Joseph^) ; m. Nov. 29, 1759, Betta Crooker, 
dau. of Daniel Crooker (1), who d. Apr. 19, 1793. Resided on 
Spring street. It is said that he d. in Me. 

Children : 
i. Jabez R., bt. Nov. 16, 1760; m. Apr. 11, 1785, Eliza- 
beth Barker, and moved to Me. 

20. ii. Benjamin, bt. Nov. 1, 1762. 

iii. Joseph, bt. May 19, 1765; d. Mar. 17, 1766. 

iv. Molly, bt. Aug. 16, 1767; m. x\bner Magoun (1). 

V. Betty, bt. Aug. 5, 1770; m. Asa Pool, of South Abing- 

vi. Lucy, bt. July 3, 1774; m. Thomas Bates (30). 
vii. Sarah, bt. Aug. 17, 1777; d. Nov. 3, 1802. 

10. Solomon (s. of Solomon'*) ; m. Nov. 20, 1760, Aquilla Bates, 
dau. of John Bates of Scituate. Resided first on Broadway, tben 
moved to Me. in 1787, with all his ch. Shipwright by trade. He 
d. in Fayette, Mo., abt. 1815, aet. 77 yrs. 

Children : 

i. Douty, bt. Jan. 20, 1766: m. Polly Perry, and d. Jan., 

ii. Levi, bt. Mar. 30, 1766; m. Dec. 30, 1784, Lydia Syl- 
vester, and d. in 1825. 

iii. Solomon W., Aug. 27, 1765; m. Mary Macomber. Re- 
sided in Maine. 

iv. Abigail ; m. Joseph Dunham, of Maine. 

V. Samuel, bt. Oct. 22, 1769 ; m. first. Mar. 27, 1791, Han- 
nah Stetson, dau. of Seth Stetson (23), and second- 
l}'', Sarah Daggett, and d. abt. 1849. 

vi. Luoinda ; m. first Feb. 3, 1791, Prince Waterman, and 
secondly, Jabez Merritt. 

vii. Lydia; m. Abel Crooker. 

viii. John, bt. Oct. 9, 1774; m. Deborah Stetson, dau. of 
Seth Stetson (23). 

ix. Caleb ; m. Betsey Herrick, and d. in Greene, Me., abt. 

X. Alexander. 


xi. Sally, bt. Nov. 5, 1786. 

xii. Sylvia; m. Artemas Cushman. 

xiii. Keuben, bt. Nov. 16, 1788; m. Susan Sprague. 

11. Jonathan (s. of Amos^) ; ni. Feb. 11, 1771, Kuth Stetson, 
dau. of Nathaniel Stetson (12), and resided and d. in Rochester, 

Children born in Rhode Island : 

i. Nathaniel. 

ii. Stetson; d. young, 

iii. Ruth; m. Barnabas Mendall(?) 

iv. Rebecca; hi. John Hall. 

V. Emily; m. John Bennett, 

vi. Julia A. 

vii. Jonathan ; d. young. 

12. P^lijah (s. of Amos^) : m. a Briggs. Resided and d. in Roch- 

Children : 
i. Nathan, of New Bedford, 
ii. Roland, of Rochester, 
iii. Lydia. 
iv. Ephraim, of Rochester. 

13. Sylvester (s. of Amos^) ; m. first, a Landers, and secondly, 
Sarah Sears. Resided and d. in Rochester. 

Children b}^ first wife: 

i. Jemima; m. William Handy, and moved to Me. 
Children by second wife : 

21. ii. Sylvester. 

iii. Lucinda; d. unm. 

22. iv. Paddock. 

V. Polly; m. Owen Hines, of Rochester. 

14. Moses (s. of Amos-''^) ; m. Susan Mendell. Resided and d. in 

Children : 
i. Lucy; m. Alden Wing, 
ii. Moses; d. unm. 
iii. Sally; m. Philip Wing. 

iv. Noble E., 1791 : m. in 1816. Saraii Allen, and resided 
in Marion. 

15. David (s. of Amos^). 
Children : 

i. Jared. 

ii. David ; in. Hannah Hairington. Resided in Maine, 

and d. abt. 1812. 
iii. Betsey; m. a Carr, of Westport. 

16. Seth (s. of Ck'ment'-) ; m. Dee. 21, 1757, Anne Neal, who d. 
Dee. 12, 1810. He d. in Boston, Apr. 9, 1820. An officer in the 


Kevolutionary War. Built liouse on Centre street, near Myrtle 
street, afterwards occupied by Enos Bates. This old house is still 

Children : 
2;i. i. Seth. 

24. ii. Joseph N. 

25. iii. Paul. 

26. iv. Joshua. 

V. Anna; m. Samuel B. Perry (7). 

vi. Eebecca, Nov. 26, 1765; m. Cornelius White {6). 

27. vii. Amos, Aug., 1769? 

viii. Michael, bt. and d. June 11, 1774. 

28. ix. Enos, 1772? 

29. X. Ward, bt. Oct. 15, 1775. 

xi. Eli, bt. June 29, 1777; d. Jan. 12, 1778. 

xii. Michael, May 3, 1780; m. Thomas Stetson, s. of 

Thomas Stetson (24). 
xiii. Celia, Apr. 15, 1783; m. Apr. 27, 1807, Dryden Judd, 

of New York, 
xiv. James, bt. July 14, 1785; d. Oct. 26, 1792. 

17. Thomas (s. of Clement^) ; m. Jan. 29, 1767, Hannah Torrey,, 
dau. of Jesse Torrey (7). He d. Oct. 22, 1768, and his wid. m. 
Caleb Rogers (8). 

Child : 

30. i. Thomas, bt. June 3, 1770: prob. b. 1768. 

18. Granville (s. of Clement^); m. Sep. 5, 1771, Mary Carver,. 
of Pembroke. He d. Jan. 9, 1823, and his wid. d. June, 1836. 
Resided on Myrtle St., near Broadway. 

Children : 
i. Lydia, Feb. 4, 1772; d. Dec. 10, 1855, unm. 

31. ii. Gamaliel, Mar. 22, 1774. 

iii. Mary P., Jan. 19, 1776; d. unm. 

32. iv. Calvin, Oct. 29, 1777. 

V. Hannah, Dec. 10, 1779; m. Feb. 8, 1803, Levi Fish. 

33. vi. James, Oct. 8, 1781. 

vii. John B., Aug. 20, 1783; m. wid. of Jacob Taylor, and 

d. in Plymouth, Mar. 7, 1831. 
viii. Rebecca, Aug. 3, 1785; d. Oct. 11, 1786. 
ix. Deborah, Sep. 12, 1787; d. Mar. 22, 1788. 
X. Deborah, Jan. 5, 1789; ni. Jan. 1, 1809, Jacob Capron, 

of Attleboro. 
xi. Reuben, Oct. 5, 1790; d. Jan. 31, 1829. 
xii. Betsey, Aug. 5, 1792; d. Nov. 21, 1825. 

34. xiii. Rufus, Mar. 16, 1794. 

35. xiv. Ezekiel, Nov. 5, 1795. 

XV. Abigail, Sept. 10, 1797; d. Oct. 29, same year. 

19. Clement, Capt. (s. of Clement^) ; m. Dec. 25, 1785, Rebecca 
Stetson, dau. of Seth Stetson (23). She d. Sep. 29, 1813, and 


he d. Nov. 30, 1839. Soldier iu the Eevolutionary Army, lie- 
sided on Myrtle Street, in the Hiram Studley house, now owned 
by estate of E. Y. Perry. 
Children : 
3G. i. Thomas M., Jan. 1787. 

37. ii. Clement. 

38. ill. Hira, July, 1796. 

39. iv. Joshua, Mar. 23, 1802. 

V. Lucy; m. Benjamin Stetson (32). 
vi. Nabby; 1805; m. Thomas Damon (5). 
vii. Priscilla; m. Charles Leach. 
Note: There was a Rebecca in this fainilv who married ThomaS: 
0. Bates (41). 

20. Benjamin (s. of Benjamin^) ; m. Mar. 3, 1786, Martha Stet- 
son, who d. Feb. 2Q, 1848. A Revohitionarv Soldier. He d.. 
April 22, 1853. 
Children : 

i. Abigail; m. David Hersey of Abington. 

ii. Betsey; m. Mar. 4, 1812, William Bates. 

iii. Lydia; m. June 1813, William Stoddard of Hingham. 

iv. Sally; d. unm. 

40. V. Horatio. 

vi. Benjamin; m. Hannah Munroe, of Norton. 

vii. Oliver; d. unm. 

viii. John; moved to Eoxbury. 

2L Sylvester (s. of Sylvester''^) ; m. Meliutha ("lark and resided 
in Rochester, and had children, Albert, Sarali L., Charles, Thomas 
C, Polly, Meletiah, James, and Orlando. 

22. Paddock (s. of Sylvester^-") ; m. Nancy Sturtevant, and re- 
sided in Marion, and had children, John S., Mary, and ThankfuL 

23. Seth (s. of Col. Sethi''); j-,^_ j^^.^^, Delano, of Duxbury.. 
Resided in Duxbury. 

Children : 

i. Amasa D., Apr. 13, 1792. Shipmaster. He d. in. 
Halifax, N. S., abt. 1814. 

ii. Betsey, Oct. 31, 1794; m. a Patten of Boston. 

iii. Nancy D., Feb. 9, 1798; in. Samuel Soulo, of Dux- 

iv. Seth, Mar. 26, 1801; m. a Black, and resided iu 

V. Hannah C, Oct. 19, 1803; m. a ITanvood, of Bath, Me.. 

24. Joseph N. (s. of Col. Seth^^) ; m. March 20, 1783, Euniee- 
Oldham, who d. Nov. 24, 1828, and he d. in May the same year. 
A soldier in the Revolutionary War. Resided on Broadway, near 
Centre Street. 

Children : 


41. i. Thomas 0., July, 1786. 

ii. Joseph N., July 1796; m. Ann Rainsford. 

iii. Jane, May, 1797; d. unni., June 19, 1859. 

iv. Eunice 0., May, 1797 ; m. Dec. 1820, Thomas Winslow, 

V. James, Jan., 1800; m. Mary Eeed, of Tynsboro, and d. 

April, 1850. His children were James, George, 

Franklin, Jackson and Lewis. 
Note : Three children in this family d. young. 

25. Paul (s. of Col. SethiG) ; m. Apr. 8, 1795, Freelove Witherell. 
He d. Feb. 2, 1826, and his wid. d. abt. 1837. Eesided west of 
Winter Street. 

Children all born in Hanover. 

42. i. Paul, Jan. 22, 1797. 

43. ii. Marshall, Dec. 30, 1798. 

iii. Sophia M., Feb. 31, 1801; d. Sept. 7, 1825. 

44. iv. Henry, Oct. 22, 1803. 

45. V. Judson, Dec. 22, 1806. 

vi. Walter, June 24, 1810; d. unm., Dec. 29, 1869. 

'26. Joshua (s. of Col. Seth^") ; m. in 1796, Bethia Ames, dau. 
of Joseph Ames of Bridgewater. He d. in 1839 in Bridgewater, 
where he had resided many years. 
Children : 
i. Joshua C, 1797. 
ii. Zephaniah, 1803; d. unm. 

iii. George AY.. 1805; m. in 1836, Hannah Tucker, dau. of 
Andrew Tucker of Middleboro. Resided in Bridge- 
iv. Samuel W., 1808; m. Helen Crooker, dau. of Zenas 

Crooker. Resided in Bridgewater. 
v. Bethia W., 1813; m. iVsa P. Keith of Bridgewater. 

-27. Amos (s. of Col. Seth^'-) : m. first Nov. 25, 1802, Sibyl Rob- 
bins, dau. of Timothy Robbins (3). She d. May 27, 1816, and he 
m. secondly, Nov. 1, 1818, Ruth Jenkins of Soituate. He d. May 
8, 1833. Built and occupied the house afterwards owned and oc- 
^-cupied by B. B. Hall on Centre Street. 

Children by wife Sibyl, born in Hanover: 
i. Amos, Dec. 1, 1803; m. Deborah Hersey and resided 
in Hinghani. Was in Mass. Senate, and for many 
vears Pres. of Hingham Mutual Fire Ins. Co. 
ii. Marv R., July 13, 1806: m. Nathaniel F. Chamber- 

lin (5). 
iii. Phcbc. Juno 11, 1809; m. Nathaniel F. Chamberlin 

iv. Oren, June II, 1812; m. ^liwy A. Martin, and re- 
sided in Milton. 

V. John P., June 12, 1814; m. Caroline Kimball, and 
resided in Milton. 


Children by w. Kutli, b. iu H,, except last one: 
vi. Euth J., Oct. 17, 1819; m. Keuben Stetson (38). 
vii. Sibyl li., Feb. 2, 1821. Hesided in Braintree; d. unra.- 
viii. Fanny, Nov. 16, 1822; m. John H. (^arey (1). 
ix. Betsey R., May 6, 1825; m. Benjamin F. Studley (17). 
X. Rebecca W., Mar. 15, 182!) : d. iinni., Sept. 25, Lso?. 
xi. Celia A. M., b. in Scituate, Sept. 4, 1831 ; ni. Apr. 20, 
1851, Elisha Thayer, of Braintree, s. of Elisha. She 
d. Feb'y 8, 1907. Children born in Braintree: 
i. Clara E., Jan. 26, 1853 ; m. July, 1871, Samuel 

li. Willis. Has 4 children, 
ii. Celia H., April 1, 1859; m. Sept. 19, 1885, 
Chas. H. Sprague. Has 1 child. 

28. Enos, Lt., (s. of C^ol. Seth'*-) ; m. Oct. 5, 1809, Lydia Tihlen, 
dan. of Job Tilden (2). He d. Feb. 10, 1814, and" his wid. d. 
Feb. 5, 1852. Resided on Center street, in his father's house. 

Children born in Hanover : 

46. i. Enos, Mar. 10, 1810. 

ii. Lydia, Dec. 26, 1812; m. Albert White (9). 

29. Ward (s. of Col. Sethi«) ; m. in 1819, Ruth Stetson, of Ab- 
ington. Served as an artificer in the war of 1812. Resided on 
Center street, near the R. R. crossing. 

Children born in Hanover: 
i. Seth W., July 5, 1822; d. Jan. 7, 1848. 
ii. Adaline W., July 28, 1821 ; ni. George B. Perry (24). 

30. Thomas (s. of Tbomas'^) ; ni. first, Nov. 1st, 1792, Lucy 
Bates, dau. of Benjamin Bates (9) ; and secondly, Mary Ramsdell. 
He d. Mar. 13, 1817. Resided on Broadway, near where Mrs. 
Elizabeth A. Fish now resides, the house having been torn down. 

Children by w. Lucy, b. in Hanover: • 
i. Nathan, prob. d. at sea. 

ii. Jeremiah, a soldier of the war of 1812, and d. on the 
Gurnet, Mar. 3, 1813. 
Note: 4 children l)y tliis w. d. young. 
Children by w. Mary, b. in H. : 
iii. Mary, Apr. 1, 1807; d. Oct. 25, same vear. 
iv. Lucv, Jan. 27, 1809; m. Sylvanus Whiting (22). 

47. V. Cyrus, May 7, 1811. 

vi. Hannah, Nov. 29, 1814; m. Franeis Stoddard (!)• 
vii. Thomas, Aug. 5, 1816; m. Lucy White. Resided in- 
South Abington. ('h., Albert, married, and has 
three children. 

31. Ganuiliel (s. of GanialieP^) ; m. Elizabeth Coffin, of Boston, 
and there d. in May, 1882. 

Children : 
i. Charles: ni. fii-st, Eliza Packard, and secondly, Miranda 
Balkom, and d. in Boston in 1852. 


ii, Caroline; m. a Wyatt, of Medford. 

iii. Mary A. ; m. and resided in Pawtucket. 

iv. Eliza; m. a Gillespie of Xantucket. 

■32. Calvin (s. of GamaliePS) ; m. Aug. 12, 1801, Elizabeth Stet- 
son, dau. of Thomas Stetson (34). She d. Mar. 6, 1842. He d. 
Mar. 29, 1855. Eesided on Winter street, in the house constructed 
hy himself, now owned and occupied by Chester Kiley. 
Children all born in Hanover: 
i. Eliza, Nov. 2, 1801; m. Albert Holbrook (1). 
ii. Olive, Aug. 10, 1803; m. George Bailey (25). 
iii. Mary C, May 5, 1805; m. Ozias Perkins (1). 
iv. Lucinda, Mar. 1, 1807 ; m. first, Nov. 28, 1833, Marcus 
Packard; m. secondly, Daniel Barstow, s. of Daniel 
Barstow (29). 
V. Calvin, July 22, 1810; m. Jane T. Kingman, of North 

Bridgewater, and d. there in 1843. 
vi. Merril, Aug. 21, 1812; m. Feb. 7, 1841, Joseph 

Thomas, of Hanson, 
vii. Elmira, May 24, 1816; m. William P. Eussell (1). 
viii. Angeline, Mar. 11, 1819; m. Lewis C. Church (1). 
ix. Lydia C, June 27, 1821; d. Oct. 16, 1872, unm. 
X. Euth S., Dec. 19, 1823 ; d. March 6, 1903, unm. 

33. James (s. of GamaliePS) ; m. May 21, 1807, Hannah Walker, 
of Pembroke. Resided in Pembroke. 

Children : 
i. William C. Eesided in Gardiner, Me. 
ii. James H., of Pembroke, 
iii. Lydia; m. Capt. Allen Dawes of Duxbury. 
iv. Emeline; m. Frederick Eayres. 

34. Eufus (s. of GamaliePS) ; m. Nov. 24, 1821, Huldah Keith, 
dau. of Eleazer Keith, of Bridgewater. She was born in 1801. 
Eesided in house constructed by himself on Broadway. She d. 
Jan'y 5, 1874. He d. Sept. 11, 1878. 

Children born in Hanover : 

48. i. George W., Apr. 13, 1823. 

ii. Eeuben, Apr. 10, 1830; m. Huldah Brett. He d. Nov. 
3, 1905. No ch. 

49. iii. William C, May 25, 1838. 

35. Ezekiel (s. of GamalieP^) ; m. Dec. 6, 1821, Lois Daggett, 
of Attleboro. Eesided in Attleboro. 

Children : 
i. Jesse D.. July 31, 1823; m. July 9, 1845, Mary E. 

ii. John T., Nov. 25, 1831. 
iii. Mary A., Sept. 3, 1836. 

36. Thomas M., Capt. (s. of Capt. Clementi^) ; m. July 12, 1807, 


Sylvia Wing, dau. of Bachelor Wing (4). She was b. in 1786. 
He d. Feb. 22, 1858, and his wid. d. Dec. 17, 1864. Selectman, 
collector, constable, etc. Kesided on corner of Winter and Cir- 
cuit streets, in house constructed by himself, this house taking the 
place of an older house. 

Children all born in Hanover : 

50. i. George, Jan. 3, 1808. 

ii. Sylvia W., Sept. 4, 1809; m. Stephen Bailey (24). 
iii. Elizabeth B., June 21, 1811; m. Cyrus Josselyn (32). 

51. iv. Thomas M., Mar. 13, 1813. 

V. Melissa B., Apr. 29, 1816; m. John T. Tribou (2). 
53. vi. Sylvanus W., Dec. 23, 1818. 

vii. Hannah B., Apr. 21, 1821; d. unm., Jan'y 2, 1908. 

viii. Laura A., Feb. 21, 1824; d. Apr. 4, 1830. 

ix. Mercy T., Dec. 25, 1826; m. William J. Vining (2). 

37. Clement (s. of Capt. Clement^ ^) ; m. first, Urania Burgess, 
and secondly, Betsey Burgess. Eesided in Plymouth. 

Children : 
i. Ozen. 

ii. Ruby; m. George Drew, of Pembroke, 
iii. Hira. 
iv. Elizabeth; m. Sam'l E. Winslow (6). 

38. Hira (s. of Capt. Clement^a) ; m. Feb. 24, 1825, Lucy D. 
Josselyn, dau. of Charles Josselyn (20). He d. Aug. 1, 1889, and 
his wid. d. Nov. 17, 1891. Eesided on Broadway, in house con- 
structed by himself, now owned and occupied by Nathan V. Good- 

Children born in Hanover : 
i. Lucy C, Apr. 24, 1828; m. Apr. 24, 1818, David W. 
Brown, of East Bridgewater, s. of David Brown. 
She d. Jan. 9, 1892, and he d. June 16, 1892. Ch: 
Fred L., b. in E. Bridgewater, Feb. 7, 1853. 

53. ii. Hira W., Apr. 16, 1830. " 

iii. Julia A., Apr. 5, 1832 ; m. first, Aug. 22, 1858, Charles 
W. Lowell, of Me., s. of John P. Lowell. He d. 
Mar., 1862, and she m. secondly. May, 1866, Frank 
Whitten of Me., s. of John Whitten. He d. in Feb., 
1898. No. ch. 

iv. Ellen A., July 22, 1834; m. Nov. 1, 1864, Andrew J. 
Poole, s. of Samuel Poole of Scituate. She d. Feb. 
5, 1890. He d. Aug. 1, 1880. Had one son, Harry 
M., and tw^o daughters, all now living. 

54. V. Edwin J., Mar. 18, 1837. 

39. Joshua (s. of Capt. Clement^^) ; m. Feb. 3, 1830, Mary S. 
Palmer, dau. of Elijah Palmer (1). She was b. July 5, 1806, and 
d. Aug. 3, 1849. He d. July 2, 1891. Eesided on Broadway, in 
the house now owned and occupied by Mrs. Elizabeth Fish. 


Children born in Hanover: 
i. M. Cordelia, Dec. 6, 1830; in. James T. Woodman (1). 
ii. Joshua PI, Mar. 18, 1833; m. Sarah B. Dwelley, dau. 
of Lemuel Dwelley (15). He d. in U. S. army, Aug. 
10, 18()3, and his wid. d. May 2, 1896. 
55. iii. Albert E., May 11, 1834. 

iv. Elizabeth A., Mar. 27, 1838; m. Francis H. Fish (1). 
V, Julian, 1842; served in Civil War as a sailor. Went 
West abt. 1867. 

40. Horatio (s. of Benjamin-^^) ; in. Mary Munroe, dau. of John 
L. Munroe, and d. in Norton, Mass. 

Children : 
i. Mary A., 1812 ; m. Eichard H. Hall of Norton, 
ii. Horatio, Feb. 3, 1819; m. Sarah H. Sweet, Sept. 1838. 

Resided in Norton. Representative to the General 

Court in 1865. 

41. Thomas 0. (s. of Joseph N.^-i) ; m. in 1809, Eebecca Bates, 
dau. of Clement Bates (19). He d. Sept. 32, 1865. Resided near 
Silver St., in the old Simeon Curtis house. 

Children born in Hanover: 

Lucy A., Dec. 12. 1809; d. umn. 
Thomas 0., May, 1811. 
Martin S.,.July 7. 1813. 
Andrew H., May, 1814. 

Silas G., 1818; m. Nov. 30, 1841, Jane Briggs, dau. of 
Joseph Briggs (3). He d. Sept. 22, 1848, and his 
wid. m, Samuel S. Church (5). 
vi. Rebecca S., Nov. 6, 1820; m. Norman Chamberlin (1). 
59. vii. John G., April, 1822. 

viii. Algeline T., b. Feb., 1830; m. Warren R. Spurr, s. of 
William Spurr. He d. in 1850, and his md. in 
1901. Ch: 

i. Edward W., b. in Boston, Jan'y 1, 1854; m. 
Lizzie Adams, dau. of George Adams, and had 2 
ii. Charles 0., b. in H., April 23, 1857; m. Amelia 
E. Reed, dau. of Nehemiah C. Reed, and had 2 
ch. His w. d. Feb. 15, 1882, and he m. secondly 


iii. William A., b. in Hingham, Feb. 12, 1859; m. 

Lucy Freeman, and had 2 ch. 
iv. Lucy J., b. in Hingham, Oct. 5, 1860 : m. Wal- 
ter v. Bradford, and had 4 ch. 
V. George H., b. in Hingham, Sept. 8, 1864; m. 

Lillie Ray, dau. of Charles Ray, and has 2 eh. 
vi. Frank R., b. in Hingham, July 16, 1869; m. 
Emma Gray, dau. of Benj. F. Gray, and has 1 ch. 
vii. Lillian M., b. in Quincy, Oct. 9, 1870; d. Apr. 
11, 1896. 










60. ix. James C, July 13, 1831. 

42. Paul (s. of Paul2f5) ; m. Mar. 13, 1835, Temperance Tubbe, 
dau. of Joseph Tubbs (1). He d. July 23, 1832, and his wid d. 
July 9, 1885. 

Children born in Hanover: 
i. Sophia M., Dec. 14, 1825 ; m. Horace Stevens of Han- 
son, s. of Nathan Stevens. 
ii. Eliza V., Dec, 16, 1830; d. unm. Sept. 18, 1853. 
iii. Maria A. H., Aug. 27, 1829; d. May 20, 1845. 

43. Marshall (s. of PauPS) ; m. March 14, 1835, Huldah D. Hall 
of Marshfield. Pesided on Center street while in H. 

Children: 1st two b. in H., others in Marshfield. 
i. William M., Jan. 18, 1836; m. wid. Annie Tilden, and 

resides in Xew Bedford, 
ii. Eeuben S., Dec. 3, 1837; m. Mary E. Kideout, dau. of 

William Kideout of Pemborke. Resides in ^larsh- 

iii. Huldah ; d. unm. in Marshfield. 

iv. Lucy; m. Hunt of Pembroke. 

v. Albert, m. Emma M. Carver of Marshfield. 
vi. Owen, 
vii. Laura A. 

44. Henry (s. of Paul^") ; m. May 5, 1835, Harriet N. Munroe, 
dau. of Benjamin S. Munroe, of West Scituate? She d. in 1856, 
in which year the family moved to Wisconsin. He resided while 
in H. on Washington street, near the end of Hanover street. 

Children born in Hanover: 
i, Henry A., Oct. 5, 1843; d. unm. in Iowa. 
ii. Adrian W., July 20, 1845; d. unm., aged about 30 yrs. 
iii. Mary I., Aug. 21. 1847, living, unm., in Iowa? 
iv. Catherine F., Oct.' 16, 1849; d. Sept. 6, 1850. 
V. Harriet A.; m. Ezra Hatch of Pembroke. 

45. Judson (s. of Paul25) ; m. Aug. 11, 1830? Lydia P. Curtis 
of Scituate, dau. of Piufus Curtis of Scituate. M<jved to Wiscon- 
sin, where he and his wife d. While in Hanover he resided on 
Centre street, in the house owned and occupied i'fir many years 
by Albert Stetson. A blacksmith. 

Children born in Hanover: 
i. Jud«on C, June 29, 1831; d. unm in Wisconsin, 
ii. Paul, Mar. 22, 1834. Lives in West, 
iii. Lydia P., July 12, 1836; d. Oct. 16, 1837. 
iv. George F., July 9, 1838; d. Aug. 29, 1838. 
V. Lydia F., Dec. 28, 1839 ; m. a Chase in Wisconsin. 

Had child and is now dead, 
vi. Diana A., June 28, 1843; m. and had child. Is now d. 

46. Enos (s. of Enos^**) ; m. Mercy S. Larkum, ^vid. of John 


Larkum (1), and dau. of Daniel Willis, of Bridgewater. He d. 
May 9, 1886, and his wid. d. Feb. 16, 1899. Resided corner of 
Center and M3Ttle streets, in a house constructed by himself. A 
stone mason of ability. 

Children born in Hanover: 
i. Minnie L., Jan. 31, 1863; unm. 

ii. E. Lincoln, Feb. 10, 1865; m. April 28, 1897, Cora E. 
Perkins of Boston, dau. of James Perkins. Child b. 
in H., Zillah E., Sept. 14, 1898. 
iii. Charles C, May 8, 1867; d. young, 
iv. Eosa M., Mar. 30, 1869 ; d. April 7, 1870. 

47. Cyrus (s. of Thomas^o) ; m. in 1835, Mary Alden of South 
Abington, dau. of Ezra Alden. She was b. Feb'y 14, 1817. He 
d. Feb. 19, 1885, and his wid. d. Apr. 12, 1893, aged 76 yrs. 
Eesided in South Abington. 

Children, nearly all of whom were born in South Abington. 
i. Mary B. H., Jan. 3, 1836; m. in 1858, (xcorge A. 

Morse, s. of George W. Morse of S. Abinsrton. He 

d. Feb. 26, 1900. 
ii. C}Tus A., Aug. 24, 1838 ; m. June 30, 1860, Marina 

W. Bearce of South Hanson, and d. March 19, 1885. 
iii. Solon, June 27, 1841 ; d. May 29, 18G3, in the army, 

at Brasher Cit}', La. 
iv. Ezra T., Sept. 29, 1843; m. June 17, 1866, Charlotte 

D. Porter, dau. of Benjamin Porter, of Hamilton, 

V. Julia A., Jan. 29, 1846 ; d. July 31, 1846. 
vi. Abbie A., Mar. 15, 1848; m. in 1870, Edward Free- 
man, of S. Abington. He d. in 1886. 
vii. Charles 0., Mar. 24, 1849; m. N"ov. 12, 1870, Louisa 

M. Porter, dau. of Alvin Porter, of S. Abington. 

He d. April 13, 1907. 
viii. Susan E., May 3, 1852; m. Thomas Baker of Taunton, 
ix. Julia F., Feb. 16, 1855; m. Xov. 29, 1880, F. W. 

Osborn, of South Abington. 
X. Albert E., June 15. 1857; m. April 6. 1882, Annie W. 

Bates, dau. of Hira W. Bates (53). He d. Feb'y 29, 

1887, and his wid. m. Joseph B. White, s. of Joseph 

White and gr. s. of Josiah F. Perry (19). 

48. George M. (s. of ■Rufus34) . ^ flj,gt. May, 1852, Mary A. 
Eamsdell, dau. of David Ramsdell, of Hanson; m. secondly, July 
22, 1860, Mary S. Jones, dau. of Amos. Jones, of Hanson. She 
was b. June 17, 1842. Eesided on Broadway, at South Hanover. 
He d. Dec. 3, 1898. 

Children by wife Mary A : 
i. Fred A., b. in Hanson, May 2, 1853 ; m. Minnie Joyce, 
dau. of Philander Joyce, of Hanson. 
CI ii. Charles F., born in H., Oct. 16, 1854. 


Children by wife Mar}- S., all born in Hanover: 
iii. Frank, Oct. IG, 18G1; d. April 7, 1883. 
iv. Bethia M., Apr. 1^, 18G3. 
V. Moses, Nov. z~j, 18G6; rn. Sarah L, Fullerton, dau. of 

Lysander Fullerton, of Whitman, Mass. Xo ch. 
vi. Aaron, Nov. 25, 1866; d. Mar. 2o, 1867. 
vii. Mary V., July 15, 1871 ; d. Aug.' 1, 1872. 
viii. Jesse D., Xov. 17, 1875; unrn. 
ix. Lillian S., Aug. 9, 1880; m. July 7, 1897, Howard D. 

Bishop, who was b. in X. B., Jan. 18, 1873. Ch: 

Ist 2 b. in Whitman, last 2 in Abin^on. 

i. Gladys M., Feb. 11, 1898; d. Sept. 3, 1898. 

ii. Mabel D., Jan. 14, 1899. 

iii. Howard S., Dec. 31, 1901. 

iv. Euth A., Mar. 2, 1904. 

49. William C. (s. of Eufus^^; ; rn. Apr. 14, 1863, Erarna Bar- 
8t<jw, dau. of Thomas H. C. Barstow (38). Served in Co. G, oth 
Mass. Resides in Xewton. Is a member of X. E. Historic 
Genealogical Society. 

Children : 

i. Kufus C, Sept. 19, 1864; d. Sept. 26, 1876. 

ii. Abbie B., May 19, 1866. 

iii. Elizabeth C.,'Xov. 18, 1868. 

iv. William H., Jan. 3, 1875 : d. Aug. 16, 1875. 

V. Wilfred B., May 11, 1877; d. Apr. 29, 1881. 

vi. Sarah L., Aug. 12, 1879. 

50. George (s. of Thomas M.'-''); m. Oct. 25, 1832, Lucy War- 
ren, dau. of David Warren, of Plymouth. He d. June 14, 1859. 
Eesided on Broadway, at the end of Winter street. 

Children born in Hanover : 
i. George W., Mar. 16. 1834 : d. aet. 2 yrs. 
62. ii. William H., May :3, 1837. 
63." iii. George W., Aug. 12, 1840. 

51. Thomas M. (.s. of Thomas M.^'^j ; m. Bethia B. Cook, of 
Hanson, dau. of Deacon Isaac Cook. She vras b. in 1817, and d. 
Mar. 11, 1837. He d. Feb. 6, 1899. Resided greater part of his 
life in his father's house. 

Child bom in Hanson : 
6i. i. Lorenzo T., Feb. 3, 1837. 

52. Sylvanus W. (s. of Thomas M.36) ; m. Rebecca C. Felton, dau. 
of Thomdike Felton, of Xorth Salem', X. H. He d. June 27, 
1878. Resided in his father's 

Children bom in Hanover: 
65. i. Lysander F., Mar. 8, 1843. 

ii. Lucius W., Aug. 30, 1849; m. Xov. 24, 1872, Hannah 
B. Cox, dau. of Joseph H. Cox, of Hanson. She 
was b. June 29, 1850. Xo ch. 


53. Hira W. (s. of Hira^^) ; ui. Euslia A. Josselyn, dau. of Al- 
gernon Josselyn of Hanson. She was b. in 1839, and d. Aug. 21, 
1882. He d. May 8, 1901. Eesided at South Hanover in house 
constructed by himself, now occupied by Kector Damon. 

Children born in Hanover : 
1. Edith A., Feb. 22, 1860 ; m. Dec. 21, 1882, Horace M. 

Stetson, s. of Abner Stetson, of Scituate. 
ii. Annie W., Mar. 4, 1864; m. first, Albert E. Bates, s. of 

Cyrus Bates (47), and secondly, Joseph B. White, s. 

of Joseph White, and gr. s. of Josiah F. Perry (19). 

54. Edwin J. (s. of Hira^^) ; m. Aug. 4, 1874, Emeline Bryden, 
dau. of Ebenezer Bryden. Served in Civil War. 

Children : 
i. Maud B., b. in Eoekland, May 9, 1875 ; d. Sept. 4, 1875. 
ii. Edwin B., b. in Eoekland, Oct. 2, 1876. 
iii. Elsie P., b. in New Bedford, Jan. 21, 1879. 

55. Albert E. (s. of Joshua^^) ; m. Mar. 13, 1856, Phoebe M. 
Corthell, dau. of David Corthell (3). He d. Jime 23, 1864, in 
service at Louisiana, and his wid. m. Charles B. Phillips (2). 

Children : 

i. Elliot L., Feb. 25, 1860; m. May 11, 1879, Mary F. 
Mann, dau. of Caleb G. Mann (22). 

ii. Agnes M., Dec. 7, 1862; m. Cushing Wilder, s. of Jos- 
eph C. Wilder (1). 

56. Thomas 0. (s. of Thomas O.^i) ; m. Dec. 11, 1836, Mary Syl- 
vester, dau. of Anthony Sylvester (2). He d. Jan. 16, 1883, aet. 
71, and his wid. m. Oct. 24, 1886, George Hutchinson. Eesided on 

Children born in Hanover, 
i. Eobert T., Aug. 2, 1848; m. June 4, 1871, Emily E. 
Estes, dau. of William S. Estes, of Duxbury. 
66. ii. Silas W., Aug., 1850. 

iii. Sarah, 1855, or '56; d. young. 

57. Martin S. (s. of Thomas 0.^^) ; m. Olive Walker, dau. of Asa 
Walker, of Marshfield. He d. Sept. 14, 1881, aet. 68. She d. 
Aug. 13, 1891. Eesided on Silver street. 

Children born in Hanover : 

i. Eobert M., Jan. 9, 1845; d. Sept. 12, 1845. 

ii. Emma J., April 9, 1850; m. first, Nov. 5, 1866, George 
Hollis, of South Weymouth, and m. secondly, Nov. 
23, 1893, Benjamin B. Lucas (1). Ch. b. in H: 
Amber M. Hollis, Oct. 25, 1867; m. Sept. 2, 1886, 
Albert A. Beal, of Eoekland. She d. Feb. 2, 1889. 
No oh. 

58. Andrew H. (s. of Thomas O.'*^) ; m. Abigail N. Cook, dau. of 
Isaac Cook. Eesided in Hanson. 


Children : 

i. Oilman, Mar. 20, 1844; d. Nov. 11, 1844. 
\ ii. Oilman, Nov., 1846. 
\ iii. Zilpha A., Oct., 1849; m. B. Sanford Hatch (23). 

iv. Silas W., Aug., 1850. 

59. John 0. (s. of Thomas O.-*!) ; m. Oct. 2, 1845, Christianna 
Clapp, dau. of Job Clapp, of Scituate. She was b. in Scituate, 
Dec. ^0, 1825. He d. Dec. 3, 1893. 

Children born in Hanover : 
i. James E., July 28, 1849 ; m. Josie Arnold, dau. of 

Henry Arnold, of Rockland, and d. Sept. 1, 1906. 
ii. Minnie L., April 20, 1860; m. June 29, 1882, John 

White, s. of Sanford White, of Weymouth. Child 

born in Abington: 

i. Vera, Oct. 26, 1890. 

60. James C. (s. of Thomas O.^i) ; m. in 1855, Sarah M. Whit- 
marsh, dau. of John Wliitmarsh. She d. Apr. 15, 1904. Was in 
the Civil War. 

Children : 
i. Walton C, b. in H., July 10, 1856; m. Aug. 7, 1880, 

Jennie F. Perry, dau. of Kilborn R. Perry (23), No 

ii. Elmer E., b. in Abington, June 10, 1861 : m. and has 

ch : 

i. Myrtie G., Aug. 11, 1886. 

ii. Sadie L., Apr. 6, 1888; d. Aug. 29, 1888. 

iii. Poland E.. Sept. 17, 1890. 

iv. Freeman C, Mar. 15, 1892. 

v. Nettie F., Nov. 25, 1893. 

vi. Alfred C, May 6, 1902. 
iii. Poland, Sept. 5, 1875; d. Nov., 1875. 

61. Charles F. (s. of George M.'*^) ; m. Sarah Williamson, of 
Marshfield. Resides in Marshfield. 

Child born in Marshfield : 
i. Edna L. 

62. William H. (s. of George^o) ; m. May 3, 1860; Julia A. 
Turner, dau. of Samuel S. Turner (31). Resided the most of his 
life in Rockland. Served in Civil War. 

Children : 
i. Nettie W., Mar. 23, 1861 ; m. secondly, George T. Smith 

ii. Annie E., Nov. 16, 1863; m. Jan. 5, 1882, Fletcher 

Jenkins, s. of Lemuel, of Rockland. Ch : 

i. Nettie B., Jan. 6, 1883. 

ii. Helen W., June 21, 1886. 
iii. George A., Mar. 27, 1865. 
iv. Samuel T., Mar. 28, 1875. 
v. Marion F., Jan. 31, 1882. ; 


63. George W. (s. of George^o) ; m. Apr. 25, 1868, Isabelle M. 
Eand, dau. of William T. Rand. 

Child born in Eockland: 
i. L. Drayton, May 22, 1876. 

64. Lorenzo T. (s. of Thomas M.^i) ; m. Jan. 1, 1863, Mary F. 
Josselyn, dau. of Jarius, of Hanson. Eesides in Hanson. 

Children : 
67. i. Burton M., b. in Hanson, July 22, 1865. 

ii. Winifred E., b. in H., Dec. 16, 1872; m. Aug., 1896, 
Fred 0. Jenkins, s. of Hiram, of Whitman. Ch: 
i. Merwyn K. 
ii. Valerie H. 
iii. Eonleigh B. 
iii. Sarah L., b. in H., Sept. 27, 1879; m. James C. Water- 
man, s. of Eben C. Waterman (1). 

65. Lysander F. (s. of Sylvanus W.^s) ; m. Mar. 23, 1868, Alice 
Bourne, dau. of William H. Bourne, of Hanson. She was b. Aug. 
6, 1848, and d. Dec. 4, 1894. Eesides on Circuit street, near the 
end of Winter street, in house which he constructed. 

Children born in Hanover: 
i. Ella D., Nov. 4, 1868; m. Calvin W. Eussell (6). 
ii. Ernest F., Aug. 15, 1872; m. Dec. 7, 1904, Ella M. 

Stetson, dau. of Turner Stetson (41), and has ch: 

Felton S., b. in H., July 17, 1909. 
iii. Merritt F., July 17, 1877. 
iv. Bertha W., Aug. 28, 1880; m. Sumner E. Winsor (3). 

66. Silas W. (s. of Thomas O.^^) ; m. May 21, 1871, Emma F. 
Bourne, dau. of William H. Bourne, of Hanson. He d. Dec. 12, 
1879, and his wid. d. Nov. 29, 1884, aged 33 yrs. 

Children born in Hanover: 
i. Edith F., May 23, 1872; m. and resides in New York 

ii. Emma G., July 14, 1878; d. June 24, 1879. 

67. Burton M. (s. of Lorenzo T.*'^) ; m. Ellen F. Stetson, dau. of 
Seth Stetson (44). She d. Feb. 2, 1898. Eesides at South Han- 

Child born in Hanover: 
i. Alma P., Sept. 12, 1889. 


1. Charles S. (s. of Charles H.) b. in E. Abington; m. for his 
second wife, Dec. 14, 1895, Abbie J. Mann, dau. of Everett N. 
Mann (18). No eh. 

1. Frederick H. (s. of Henry A.) b. in South Abington, Dec. 13, 


1877; m. Nellie B. Webster, dau. of George H. Webster. She was 
b. in Salem, IST. H., January 21, 1878. Besides near Teague's 
bridge in house constructed by Seth W. Harding. 
Children : 

i. Freeda L., b. in Whitman, Dec. 1, 1907. 

ii. Helen A., b. in Hanover, July 3, 1909. 


1. George H. (s. of Lorenzo, of S. Weymouth,) b. in S. Weymouth 
in 1841 ; m. May 1, 1863, Sarah C. Stetson, dau. of Harrison 
Stetson (45). 

Child born in South Weymouth : 
i. Lucy F., Mar. 6, 1864; m. Francis E. Corbin (3). 


1. James (s. of John, of Lynn, and gr. s. of John) ; m. Aug. 16, 
1838, Anna W. Damon, dau. of Joseph Damon (2). Resided on 
Whiting street. 

Children born in Hanover: 

i. Lucy A., Oct. 37, 1838; m. first, William Stoddard, of 
S. Scituate, and secondlj^, George Jones, s. of Chris- 
topher Jones, of S. Scituate. Ch. by first husband : 
Fred, Willie, and Everett; all married. Ch. by sec- 
ond husband: Lillie, Elsie, Ellie, and Wallie; all 

ii. Susan M., Oct. 34, 1840; m. Noah J. Stoddard (1). 

iii. James A., Dec. 13, 1843; d. Sept. 20, 1851. 

iv. Joshua S., Nov. 35, 1844; m. Aug. 10, 1867, Abbie S. 
Gardner, dau. of Thomas H. Gardner, of Norwell. 
No ch. 

V. Emma R., Feb. 37, 1847; m. Augustus Totman. Ch: 
Eva and Joseph. 

vi. E. Ellen, Nov. 30, 1848; m. Philip C. Jacobs (1). 

vii. Esther, Jan. 4, 1851 ; m. July 16, 1871, John P. Jones, 
s. of Christopher Jones, of S. Scituate. No ch. 

viii. Phoebe A., Dec. 6, 1853; m. Henry Maine, of Norwell. 
No ch. 

ix. Amanda L., Feb. 17, 1857; m. Nov. 1, 1882, Charles 
A. Poole, s. of Charles Poole, of Eockland, and has 
ch : Ralph and Roy. 

X. Lillie J.. Aug. 4, 1859; m. Howard N. Damon (14). 

xi. Walter F., Mar. 86, 1863; m. first, Apr. 24, 1886, 
Flora Sherman, of Marshfield, dau. of Moses Sher- 
man. He ra. secondly, Lois Stetson, dau. of Hiram 
Stetson, of Hanson. No ch. 
Note: — A gr. son, Albert F. Bates, born in Hanover. 

1. Joseph S. (s. of Comfort, of Pemb., and a descendant of Caleb 


Bates, of Hingham) ; m. Oct. 2, 1820, Sarah Barstow, dau. of Col. 

John B. Barstow (24). She d. Nov. 4, 1863, and he d. June 19, 

1873. Eesided on Broadway, near the Four Corners in house 

constructed by himself. 

Children born in Hanover: 
i. Henry S., Nov. 10, 1821; m. first, Nov. 4, 1860, An- 
geline Gardner, dau. of Andrew Gardner, of Marsh- 
field. She d. Mar. 10, 1885, and he m. secondly, 
Jan. 22, 1888, Emeline A. Sylvester, wid. of Loam- 
mi B. Sylvester (29), and dau. of Elias W. Pratt, of 
S. Seituate. She d. Jan. 18, 1897, and he m. third- 
ly, Sept. 27, 1897, Frances L. Stetson, dau. of Asa 
H. Eandall. She d. Oct. 12, 1900. He d. Aug. 
30, 1908. No ch. Eesided in his father's house. 
ii. Sarah A., Nov., 1823 ; d. unm. Oct. 30, 1858. School 

iii. John B., Feb. 17, 1826; m. Dec. 24, 1859, Lydia C. 
Waterman, dau. of James Waterman, of Seituate. 
He d. Dec. 15, 1899, and his wid. d. Oct. 2, 1900. No 
ch. Eesided on Church street. John B. and 
Henry S. were store keepers for fifty years at the 
Four Corners. 


1. William F. (s. of Alvan, who d. in H., July 9, 1904, and a 
descendant of Edward, of Weymouth) b. in Abington, Sept. 17, 
I860; m. Dec. 31, 1885, Fannie S. Whiting, dau. of Edwin E. 
Whiting, of Abington. She was b. June 30, 1860. Member of 
firm of Phillips, Bates & Co. Besides on Washington street at the 
end of Eockland street, in house constructed b}' himself. 
Child born in Hanover: 
i. Olive F., Feb. 21, 1888. 


1. John (s. of Levi, of Hingham) ; m. in 1846, Lucy A. Barker, of 
Seituate, dau. of Ira Barker. She d. Apr. 24, 1892, aged 70 yrs., 
and he d. Dec. 31, 1893, aged 70 yrs. While in Hanover, resided 
on Oakland avenue. 

Children born in S. Seituate : 
i. Irene, Sept. 2, 1848; d. Sept. 24, 1852. 

2. ii. Edwin S., Apr. 21, 1851. 

3. iii. J. Williams, May 19, 1855. 

2. Edwin S. (s. of John^) ; m. in 1882, Mary F. Cudworth, dau. 
of John Cudworth (1). She m. secondly, Frank A. Tower (5). 

Children born in Hanover: 
i. Edwin S., Oct. 29, 1882; unm. 
ii. Charles; unm. 

3. J. Williams (s. of John^) ; m. Jan. 2, 1884, Mary W. Howes, 


dau. of Woodbridge R. Howes (1). Resides on Broadway, near 
Four Corners in house constructed by Robert E. Dwelley in 1853. 
Architect, conducting a large business. 
Children all born in Hanover : 

i. Olive M., Aug. 1, 1885. 

ii. John W., July 12, 1887. 

iii. Horatio W., Sept. 1, 1889. 

iv. Robert W., July 31, 1891. 

V. Gerald F., July 14, 1895. 


1. Zadoc (s. of Noah, of Abington) b. Feb. 10, 1788, and m. 
first, May 22, 1816, Tryphena Whiting, dau. of Homer Whiting 
(13). She d. Aug. 21, 1820. He m. secondly, Nov. 30, 1837, 
Rebecca Whiting, dau. of James Whiting (7). He d. Sept. 17, 
1874, and Rebecca d. Feb. 6, 1883. Resided on ^Vlliting street 
in house now owned and occupied by S. Austin Pool. 
Children born in Hanover: 

i. Priscilla, Oct. 1, 1817; d. May 6, 1824. 

ii. Infant son; d. Aug. 11, 1820. 


1. John H. (s. of Joseph, of Abington) b. in 1811; m. first, Jan, 

1. 1835, Hannah S. Josselyn, dau. of Eleazer Josselyn (25). She 
d. Apr. 20, 1854. He m. secondly, Oct. 24, 1868, Cinderella 
Wheeler. He d. Nov. 22, 1882. 

Children by wife Hannah S., all except H. Gilbert, born in 
Hanover : 
i., H. Gilbert, b. in East Abington, Jan. 26, 1836; m. 
Aug. 30, 1862, Mary A. Priest, of Cohasset, dau. of 
Thomas Priest. She was b. in Hull, June 17, 1837; 
d. in H., 1908. No ch. 
ii. Maria, Oct., 1839; m. R. Miles Sturtevant (1). 

2. iii. John Q., Aug. 30, 1842. 

3. iv. J. Wesley, Nov. 23, 1848. 

V. Eliza S., Oct. 4, 1852 ; m. Elwyn T. Whiting (43). 

2. John Q. (s. of John H.i) ; m. Nov. 24, 1866, Julia Clapp, dau. 
of Jacob Clapp of South Weymouth. She was b. Aug. 30, 1843, 
and d. Jan. 12, 1899. 

Children : 
i. Maud J., May 17, 1875. 

4. ii. Henry G., Jan. 14, 1884. 

3. J. Wesley (s. of John H.i) ; m. first. May 13, 1877, Harriet 
B. Cobb, of North Bridgewater; m. secondly, Sept. 30, 1891, May 
M. Winchester, of Maine. Resides in Boston. No ch. 

4. Henry G. (s. of John Q.-) : m. Clara Brown, (.f Rockland. 

Child born in Rockland : 
i. Julia C, June 30. 1901. 



1. Horatio (s. of Horatio) b. Nov. 11, 1814; m. Nov. 10, 1840, 
Anne L. Smith, dau. of Albert Smith (7). He d. Oct. 5, 1888, 
and she d. Aug. 26, 1897. Eesided near North river bridge in 
the Whitman house. 

Children : 
i. Adeline A., b. at Alton, 111., April 7, 1842 ; unm. 
ii. Horatio E., b. at St. Louis, Mo., June 20, 1844 ; m. 
Sept. 29, 1878, Sarah Z. Baker. No ch. 

2. iii. Albert S., b. in Boston, Feb. 11, 1846. 

iv. George C. S., b. in Boston, June 11, 1847; d. Nov. 2, 

3. V. Joseph S., b. in Boston, Oct. 28, 1848. 

vi. Anne S., b. in. Boston, June 11, 1852; m. Oct. 28, 1884, 
Thomas Nelson, s. of Henry W. Nelson, and d. Mar. 
8, 1891. Ch: 
Anne V. A., Mar. 8, 1891. 

2. Albert S. (s. of Horatio^) ; m. in 1875, Mary DeFord, dau. of 
William DeFord. 

Children : 
i. Horatio, Jan. 12, 1876; m. Aug. ;5, 1899, Mary Eiese, 

and has ch : 

1. Horatio, July 20, 1902. 

ii. John E., Oct. 15, 1903. 

iii. Nancy A., July 18, 1905. 
ii. William DeF., Jan. 29, 1878; m. June 4, 1902, Helen 

Harding. No ch. 
iii. Albert F., Oct. 4, 1880 ; m. Feb. 18, 1903, Gwladys Wil- 
liams, dau. of Moses Williams. Ch : 

i. Martha W., Feb. 5, 1905. 

ii. Albert S., May 1, 1906. 

iii. Hugh W., May 1, 1906. 

3. Joseph S. (s. of Horatio^) ; m. Apr. 27, 1877, Mary C. Bryant, 
dau, of Dr. Henry Bryant. 

Children : 
i. Joseph S., Feb. 15, 1878. 
ii. Henry B., Oct. 3, 1879; m. Aug. 14, 1906, Elizabeth 

Shattuek, dau. of Dr. F. C. Shattuck. Ch : 

i. Elizabeth P., June 28, 1907. 
iii. Arthur G., Dec. 27, 1881. 
iv. Cleveland, Mar. 22, 1883. 
V. Mary C, Nov. 29, 1885; m. Sept. 29, 1906, John L. 

Bremer, M. D., s. of John L. Bremer, 
vi. Stephen S., Mar. 18, 1893. 


1. Spencer, of Hull; m. Nancy Hatch, dau. of John Hatch (14). 
Children : 


i. Nancy C, 1826; m. John S. Brooks (11). 

2. ii. Spencer, Sept. 24, 1828. 

iii. Margaret R., Aug. 7, 1830; m. Riifiis T. Estes (20). 

2, Spencer (s. of Spencer^) ; m. in 18-19, Caroline F. Torrey, wid. 
of Martin S. Torrey (2), and dau. of Abislia Soule (1). He d. 
May 22, 1865, at Fort Warren in service of Civil War, and his wid. 
m. William B. Stoddard (2). Resided on !Main street. 

Children born in Hanover. 
i. Mary F., Apr. 23, 1850; m. Henry W. Gushing (3). 
ii. Nancy A., Apr. 27, 1852; m. Bradford S. Damon (1). 
iii. Lillie L., Dec. 30, 1855; m. George 0. Hatch (1). 
iv. Laura J., Sept. 26, 1857; ni. George N. Wilder, s. of 

Laban W. Wilder (2). 
V. E. Henry, Oct. 29, 1859 ; m. Jan. 27, 1878, Inez Loring, 

dau. of Samuel Loring. She d. Mar. 14, 1905. 

No ch. 

3. vi. Elmer E., Feb. 13, 1862. 

3. Elmer E. (s. of Spencer^) ; m. in 1882, Martha E. Hobaii;, 
dau. of John W. Damon (10), and adopted dau. of Albert Ho- 
bart, of Rockland. 

Children : 
i. Lottie E., b. in H. Jan. 18, 1883 : d. Aug. 23, 1883. 
ii. Herbert C, b. in H. Mar. 7, 1884. 
iii. Beryl H., b. in Rockland, July 3, 1886. 
iv. Irma L., b. in Rockland, Oct. 1, 1893. 


1. Lorenzo (s. of Aratus, of Abington.) b. in Amherst, Mass.. 
Mar. 23, 1824; m. Nov. 24, 1850, Annie L. Colson, of Maine. She 
was b. Mar. 15, 1830; d. Apr. 10, 1893. He d. Aug. 7, 1902. 
i. Vesta L., b. in Me., Sept. 21, 1852; m. Benjamin F. 

Wood, s. of Samuel Wood (1). 
ii. Orra J., b. in Hanson, July 2, 1854; m. June 13, 1874, 

Edwin Cummings (1). 
iii. Viena J., Apr. 25, 1858; d. Oct. 7, 1873. « 

iv. Ernest L., May 2, 1860; d. Dec. 5, 1873. 
V. Lila R., Oct. 15, 1863 ; d. Aug. 28, 1879. 
vi. E. Alice, May 19, 1866 ; m. first, Howard Clark, of P. 
E. I. He d. Dec. 17, 1887, and she m. secondly, 
Apr. 30, 1889, Charles A. Cadman, of N. S. She 
d. in North Easton, Feb. 20. 1905. Ch. by second 
marriage: Ethel L., Alice B., Estelle. Edna, Wil- 

1. Isaac M. (s. of Isaac M. of Maine) ; m. June 17, 1899, Carrie 


-J. Eeed, widow of Frank A. Eeed (1), and dau. of Henry Bos- 
worth of Pembroke. Eesides on Elm street. No ch. 


1. Ebenezer (s. of Ebenezer) b. in Weymouth in 1811; m. Sarah 

0. Jones, dau. of John Jones, of Scituate. He d. May 25, 1884. 
She d. Aug. 19, 1890, aged 73 yrs. Merchant. Resided on 

■corner of Washington and Webster streets in house built by him- 
self. No ch. 


1. Ansel F. (s. of Howland S., of Plympton) b. Jan. 24, 1869; m. 
•in 1901 Annie B. Stetson, dau. of William F. Stetson (53). 

Children born in Hanover: 
i. Beatrice M., Mar. 7, 1903. 
ii. Beulah S., Mar. 10, 1906. 


1. Frank I. (s. of Howland S., of Plympton) b. July 2, 1875 ; m. 
in 1900, Lydia L. Waterman, dau. of Isaac Waterman, Jr., of Hal- 
ifax. She was b. Dec. 23, 1877. 
Children born in Hanover : 

i. Emma A.. Jan. 15, 1901. 

ii. Francis H., Mar. 27, 1902. 

iii. Mary Z., Jan. 6, 1905. 

iv. Mildred H., Jan. 6, 1905. 

V. Marion E., Nov. 6, 1906. 


1. Hiram B. (s. of Roland, of Hanson) b. Apr. 27, 1818; m. Dec. 
13, 1840, Elizabeth B. Estes, dau. of John Estes (12). He d. in 
Louisiana, July 16, 1863. She d. Nov. 8, 1881. Resided on 
Pleasant street in a house now torn down. 
Children : 
i. Elizabeth B., Nov. 27, 1842 ; m. first, George H. How- 
land (1) ; m. secondly, Elijah D. Williams (1). 
ii. Ann M., Feb. 22, 1846; m. Frank Wright, of Plymp- 
ton. He was b. Jan. 24, 1848; d. Oct. 31, 1891. 

i. L. Edith, April 29, 1868. 
ii. Ida M., Aug. 3, 1871. 
iii. Lillian M., June 13, 1874; d. Oct., 1878. 
iv. Agnes F., Oct. 4, 1876: d. Apr. 4, 1878. 
iii. Emma J., July 8, 1848: m. Benjamin F. Haley, of 
Plympton. " She d. Nov. 20, 1883. Ch. born in 
Hanover : 

i. Eliza J., Mar. 20, 1869 ; d. Dec. 4, 1883. 
ii. Hiram F., Mar. 16, 1870; m. Rose Cassidy, and 
had six ch. 


iii. Herbert; d. young, 
iv. Frank; d. young. 
2. iv. Frederick, Apr. 4, 1852. 

2. Frederick (s. of Hiram B.i) ; ra. in 1876, Lina H. Thomas^ 
dau. of Horace Thomas, of Halifax. She d. Mar. 14, 1900. 

Children : 
i. Lucy A., Apr., 1877; m. Frank Cole, and has child,. 

Harold, b. 1900. Three dau. d. young. 
ii. Frederick R. ; m. Linnie Haywood, and had eli. 
iii. Chester W., Mar. 28, 1883. 
iv. Ethel C, July 9, 1884; m. Arthur Bhodes, and had. 


i. Freeman R., 1903 : d. 1905. 

ii. Wesley F., 1904. 
V. Horace, Feb. 22, 1887. 
vi. Louis A., July 4, 1892. 
vii. Bertha, Aug., 1896. 
viii. Beatrice A., Mar. 14, 1898. 


1. Allen F. (s. of Roland, of Hanson) b. Apr. 24, 1820; m. Nov- 

3, 1842, Mary R. Estes, dau. of John Estes (12). She d. Oct. 27, 
1895. He d. July 5, 1885. Resided on Pleasant street, near the 
"Eliab Mill." Served in Civil War. 

Children born in Hanover: 
i. Mary E., b. Nov. 21, 1844; d. Mar. 12, 1846. 
ii. Virginia A., b. Sept. 26, 1846; m. Elmer J. Turner (1> 
iii. Everett B., b. July 7, 1849; d. Sept. 27, 1849. 


1. Morton V. (s. of Ezekiel, of Hanson) b. Mar. 4. 1841 ; m. Aug. 
1, 1871, N. Aurelia Hall, dau. of Benjamin B. Hall (1). Served 
in Civil War. Resides on Hanover street, near West Hanover 
station. Selectman. No ch. Representative and school com- 


1. Thomas Bonney, a shoemaker, of Duxbury, 1640, married 
Dorcas, dau. of Henry Sampson, the Mayflower Pilgrim, and had 
James, who married Abigail Bishop, of Duxbury, and had Elisha, 
1698, who married Elizabeth Lincoln, of Pembroke, and had 
James, 1730, who married Keturah, dau. of Josiah, and Sarah 
(Crooker) Bishop, of Pembroke, and had Josiah, 1768, who mar- 
ried Lucy, dau. of Charles Josselyn (11), and had Josiah, of Han- 

2. Josiah (s. of Josiah and Lucy of Pembroke) b. Nov. 30, 1794; 
m. Apr. 2, 1820, Mercy W. Rose, dau. of Timothy Rose (6). Re- 


sided on Washington street, at the end of Union street. Select- 
man. He d. May 8, 1872, and his wid. d. May 23, 1875, aet. 78 

Children born in Hanover: 
i. Lucy J., Sept. 11, 1820; m. Eobert H. Studley (13). 

3. ii. Josiah W., Sept. 17, 1823. 

3. Josiah W. (s. of Josiah^) ; m. in 1854, Sarah A. Hollis, dau. 
of John Hollis, of Braintree. He d. Apr. 8, 1870. His wid. m. 
Oscar Weston, of Duxbury, and d. Dec. 31, 1904. 

Child : 

4. i. Frank W., b. in N. Abington, Sept. 10, 1858. 

4. Frank W. (s. of Josiah W.^) ; m. June 21, 1884, Alice M. 
Litchfield, dau. of Luther Litchfield (4). Besides on Washing- 
ton street in his grandfather's house. 

Children born in Hanover: 
i. Percy W., Oct. 18, 1887. 
ii. Lucy J. Oct. 12, 1891. 
iii. Annie W., Oct. 12, 1891. 


1. Charles D. (s. of J. Dean, and a descendant of Thomas, of 
Duxbury) b. in Pembroke, July 8, 1867; m. Aug. 26, 1890, Etta 
M. Stetson, dau. of John Stetson (39). Eesides on Broadway in 
the house built by himself. No ch. 


1. William E. (s. of Pelham W.) b. in Danvers, Mass., Aug. 29, 
1829; m. Emeline M. Tubbs, dau. of Caleb S. Tubbs. She was 
b. in Dedham, Oct. 31, 1834, and d. July 9, 1887. Came to H. in 
1865. Eesides on Broadway, South Hanover. Manufactured 
ink for many years. 

Children : 
i. Eva M., b. in Dedham, Nov. 2, 1853 ; m. Frank Alden, 
s. of John Alden, of Duxbury. Ch: 
i. Arthur B., May, 1876; m. and resides in Brock- 
ii. Emma G., June 25, 1881 ; m. George E. Bow- 
ling. Eesides in Brockton. 
2. ii. Fred G.^ b. in Pembroke, Mar. 12, 1855. 

iii. Charles A., b. in Dedham, Sept. 24, 1857 ; m. first, Lot- 
tie E. Torrey, dau. of David B. Torrey, of Eockland; 
secondly, Abbie McLean, of Brockton. Eesides in 
St. Louis, 
iv. Cora W., b. in H., Sept. 30, 1867. 

2. Fred G. (s. of William E.^) ; m. Amy Keith, dau. of Samuel 
Keitli, of East Bridge water. Eesided in East Bridgewater. He 
d. Jan. 6, 1890. 

Child : 
i. Gertrude A., b. Nov., 1888. 



1. Ellsworth T. (s. of Calvin F.) of Hauson, b. July 11, 18G1 ; ni. 
Mar. 22, 1883, Arabella F. Churchill, dau. of Eben A. Churchill, of 
Hanson. She was b. in Wisconsin, June 12, 1867. 
Children : 

i. E. Francis, b. in Kockland, Feb. 19, 1885; m. Dee. 23, 
1905, Clara Perkins, of Whitman. 

ii. Ethel J., b. in Hanover, June 3, 1889; d. Jan. 16, 1892. 

iii. Grace M., b. in S. Weymouth, Nov. 8, 1893. 

iv. Carl M., b. in Hanover, Aug. 5, 1895. 

V. Leon E., b. in Hanover, Aug. 1, 1897. 

vi. Harold T., b. in Hanover, Oct^ 17, 1905. 

vii. Gladys L., b. in Hanover, July 4, 1909. 


1. Luke H. (s. of Micajah) b. in Lowell, Oct. 6, 1836; m. Nov. 6, 
1859, Morgianna C. Gushing, dau. of Seth B. (hishing. She was 
b. in Hingham, Nov. 6, 1835. Resides on Washington street in 
the house for many years owned and occupied by Josiah Winslow. 
Children : 
i. Percy L., b. in Lowell, Dec. 3. 1862; d. June 15. 1865. 
ii. Edwin C, b. in North Abington, May 3, 1868. 
Note. — Mary A. Bowers, sister of Luke H. Bowers, b. in 
Chelmsford. Mar. 27, 1842. Resides with her brother. 


1. Edward A. (s. of George W.) b. in Medford, Mass., Dec. 25, 
1867. Came to H. in 1884 ; m. Jan. 19, 1890, Elizabeth E. Jos- 
selyn, dau. of Cyrus B. Josselyn (45). Selectman. Resides on 
Hanover street, near the church, in house constructed by himself. 
Children born in Hanover : 

i. Leland R., Jan. 27, 1891. 

ii. Clyde A., Apr. 23, 1895. 


1. Fred W. (s. of George T.) b. in Hanson, Oct. 5, 1862; m. Nov. 
30, 1887, Lottie W. Brownville, dau. of Rev. J. W. Brownville. 
Resides at Four Corners. Merchant. 
Child born in Hanson: 
i. Harry W., Aug. 24, 1890. 


1. Stephen C. (s. of Joshua) b. in S. Scituate, July 25, 1826; 
m. first, Mar. 5, 1860, Mandana Farrar, dau. of Rufus Farrar, of 
South Scituate. She d. Jan. 7, 1870, and he m. secondly, Dec. 7, 
1883, Marietta Gardner, wid. of John B. Gardner, who was s. of 
Israel H. Gardner (4), and dau. of Charles Gardner, of Hingham. 
He d. Feb. 8, 1906. Resided at Assinippi. 


Cliildreu by wife Maiulaiia, born in 80. Seituate: 
i. Eurus C\, JNov. 6, 18()2; d. Sept. 9, ISGl. 
ii. WiU'rod C., May 1, ISGti, niarriod and rosides in Nor- 

iii. Annie I*.. July 'J, 18G8. 


1. Charles (s. of llezekiah T.) b. in Deer Ishind, Me., Nov. 17, 
1856; ni. in 1877, lluth A. Bartlett, dau. of Morrill C. Bartlett. 
She was b. in Aniesbury, Mass., Aug. i;5, 1859. Came to 11. in 
185)1. Eesides on Main street in tlie house in whieh David Mann 

Children : 
i. Charles A., b. in Rowley, Ma«s., Sept. 13, 1878; m. 

Irene Bates, dan. of Alvin 0. Bates, of Bockland. 

No ch. 
ii. Elsie B., b. in Derry, N. H., Doc. 16, 1880. 
i. iii. Howard I., b. in h'owley, Mass., Jan. 26, 1882. 

iv. C. Aliee, b. in Rowley, Mass., May 5, 188-4; m. June 13, 

1903, Ira K\ Hayniond, s. of Ceo. L. HaymoTK!, of 

Hanson. Ch : Arline, b. in Koekland. 
V. IJalph E., b. in Howlev. Mass., July 16, 1887. 
vi. :Marion K., b. in Kowlov. :Mass., Apr. 21, 1890. 
vii. Flora P., b. in H., Jan. 12, 1893. 
viii. Ernest B., b. in H., July 3, 1896 : d. Jan. 8, 1899. 
i.\. Rubie. b. in 11., Nov. 24, 1898. 

2. liowanl 1. (s. of CharlosM : ni. in 1904. Fanny C. Burbank. of 
Scitnate, dan. of Ceo. 0. Burbank. 

Children bori\ in Hanover: 
i. Mildred V., Get. 28. 1901. 
ii. Beniice, Sept. 30. 1907. 


1. Martin V. B. (s. of Nathan) b. in Lyme. N. 11., July 27, 1835; 
m. Deo. 23, 1865, Mary 11. Mitehell, dan. of Charles B. Mitoliell, 
of East Abington. She was b. Oct. 6, 1846. He served in the 
Civil War. and d. Apr. 3, 1907. Resided on Circuit street, near 
West Hanover station. 
Children : 

i. Winfield C. June 30, 1874: d. Julv 4. 1893. 

ii. Elwvn A., Feb. 10, 1876; d. Apr. 14, 1885. 
Sylvia 0. Mitchell (dau. of Cliarles V>. :Mitchell) b. in Fast 
Abington. May 5. 1850: lives in this Breok family. 


1. William M. (s. of Joshua, of Duxbury) b. :May 10, 1796: m. 
June 6. 1819, Sarah Warren, dau. of David Warren, of Plymouth. 
She was b. An-x- 17. 1798. and d. Jan. 10. 1859. He d. Dec. 12, 



1.S71. Ii(38i(k'<l oil I'.rtiiHlwiiy, cinicr of Myrlli' stivci, in Uic I. 
JS. Stetson house. 
i. Sarali W., It. in Diixbiiry, Any. i;i, l.syi ; d. jNov. 20, 

ii. Williiini. M:iv Ki, IHTA : iti. l-'li/nliHli Mini, of Mc. ;iii(l 

<l. Ill Cui., 1880. 
iii. Daniel, May 27, 18'^5 ; d. Jan. '^)i, 18 15. 
iv. CatlicriiK'. Aufr. II, I8'^8; d. Dec. i;J, 1830. 
V. Lucy, Aug. M, 18;iO; d. Aug. Si, ISKi. 
vi. (.'atiierine, Sept. !), 183'^; m. Porter Ifeed, of Kingston, 

and d. Apr. 13, 1901. 
vii. Isiibcl T., I)(v. ri, I8;;i; III. NatlianicI l'». I':ilis (Ki). 
viii. I^'jIIcii, , I line I, I8;;7; d. at Silver Lake, Mass., 1S'.>;!. 
ix. Sarah, Nov. ."., IS;',!I; d. Aug. 10, 1812. 
.\. I^Mward, Dec 15. ISi:;; d. in Dn.xbury, Mar. 25, 1844. 


1. Ezrii, h. 1/24, vva.s s. ol" Joseph, s. ol' Lt. James, s. ol" W'iilter, 
who was ol' Seituat(3, in 1651, and purchased a farm of Mr. Tlath- 
erly on the north side ol" Kami Neck. |{lzra d. in H., Oct. 22, 180 1, 
and his wid., Nov. 26, 1805. Soldier in the Jievohition. Kesided 
east ol' Washington street on llie fiiirn, owned by the fiiniily for 
three generations. 

2. i. l<]/ra, 1758 (?) 
ii. l<]noch ; d. iiiiin. 
iii. Charles ; d. umn. 
iv. Nathaniel, 1761; d. Dee. 31, 1817. 
V. Lydia; d. May 14, 1766. 
vi. Lydia, bt. Oct. 5, 1777; rn. Benjamin D. Fillmore, and 

■ d. Jiin. 12, 18'I8. 
vii. Moses; d. Jnly 27, 1806. 
viii. liachel; d. Feb. 21, 1777. 
ix. Sally; d. Mny 24, 1800, net. 33 yrs. 
x. Joseph, bl. Oct. 5, 1777. 

2. M/ra (s. of Ezra^) ; m. first. May 1:5, 1784, T\liirgaret Curtis, 
dan. of William Curtis (28). She d. Aug. 16, 1788, and he ra. 
secondly, Mjiy I. 178!), Lydiji Soutliwortli, of Duxbury. Ife d. 
Nov. 2," 1815^ nnd his wid." d. May 1, 18'|0, net. 77 yrs. A soldier 
in the T^evolution. Kesided for a time on Main street, his house 
standijig where Ib.-it ol' Agnes C<)0])(!r now stands. 

('Iiildren born bv wife Margaret: 

i. Martha, bt. Oct. 22, 1786; d. Aug. 13, 1792. 

ii. Ilachel, bt. Oct. 22, 1786; d. Aug. 13, 1792. 

iii. Ezra, bt. Sep. 21, 1788; d. Feb. 14, 1790. 
Children horn by wife Tiydia: 

iv. Ihiiiiiiili, '()( t., 1789; d. Aug. 13, 1792. 


V. Ezra, May 16, 1791; m. Elizabeth Fickett of Brain- 
3. vi. Joseph, Dec. 33, 1793. 

vii. Lydia, Sep. 6, 1795; m. Stephen Estes (15). 

viii. Hannah, Mar. 5, 1799; m. Deacon Ara Brooks (7). 

ix. Thomas J., Aug. 30, 1801; d. May 5, 1808. 

X. Sarah W., Sep. 3, 1803; m. Judson Vining (1), 

xi. Betsey, Apr. 19, 1805; m. June 6, 1831, Eev. J. M. 

Spear, of Boston, 
xii. Martha, Dec. 33, 1806; m. David Yining (1). 
xiii. Thomas J., Sep. 34, 1809; d. Aug. 30, 1813. 

3. Joseph (s. of Ezra^) ; m. Apr. 33, 1817, Jane Paine, of New- 
buryport. He d. Sep. 34, 1860, and his wid. d. Sep. 35, 1883. 
Eesided first on Main St. and then on Washington St., in the 
house constructed by himself in 1836. 

Children born in Hanover: 
i. Jane, Nov. 11, 1818; m. first, Silas G. Bates, s. of 
Thomas 0. Bates (41) ; m. secondly, Samuel S. 
Church (5). 
Joseph, Apr. 18, 1831. 
J. Gilman, Oct. 11, 1833. 
William S., Feb. 31, 1836. 
Richard P., Oct. 31, 1838. 
Maria A., July 4, 1831 ; d. Sep. 34, 1858. 
vii. Margaret H., Sept. 39, 1833; m. Nov. 36, 1855, Joseph 
W. Eamsdell, s. of Bartlett Eamsdell. He was b. in 
Pembroke, Apr. 14, 1830. Children born in Pem- 
broke : 
i. Emma M., Mar. 33, 1857; m. Frederick W. 

Church (11). 
ii. Annie B., June 17, 1859. 

8. viii. Charles B., Jan. 39, 1838. 

9. ix. Elbridge B., June 13, 1840. 

4. Joseph (s. of Joseph^) ; m. Nov. 34, 1843, Mary T. Dwelley, 
dau. of Lemuel Dwelley (11). He d. May 38, 1869. Eesided at 
corner of Union and Main streets. 

Children born in Hanover: 
i. Sarah F., Aug. 18, 1843; d. unm., Apr. 3, 1867. 

10. ii. J. Austin, May 8, 1851. 

11. iii. Charles W., July 15, 1853. 

iv. Lucia A., Oct. 38, 1858; d. Sep. 15, 1863. 

5. J. Gilman (s. of Joseph^) ; m. Sep. 6, 1870, Ella G. Clapp, 
dau. of Gorham Clapp. She was born in South Scituate, May 33, 
1853. He d. Mar. 3, 1893. 

Children born in South Scituate. 
i. Elizabeth C, April 38, 1871 ; m. Charles 0. Jacobs, s. 

of Charles Jacobs (31). 
ii. J. Harold, Aug. 33, 1885. 











6. William S. (s. of Joseph^) ; m. Feb. 15, 1871, Charlotte S. 
Gardner, dau. of Hiram Gardner (3). Eesided in South Scituate, 
near H. line. 

Children born in South Scituate : 

i. S. Frances, Dec. 29, 1871; m. June 26, 1892, Wilbur 
F. Litchfield of Hingham, s. of Joseph H. Litch- 
field. Ch. born in Ilingham : 
i. Euth B., Apr. 9, 1893. 
ii. Amy T., Apr. 20, 1895. 

ii. Joseph, Apr. 1-1, 1874; m. Maude Whiting. 

iii. Walter S., Dec. 21, 1879; m. in 1902, Charlotte Os- 
borne, dau. of John F. Osborne of Norwell, and has 
ch. b. in Norwell: 
i. Elsie M., Mar. 11, 1903. 
ii. C. Ruby, Mar. 31, 1905. 

7. Richard P. (s. of Joseph^) ; m. Dec. 2, 1860, Catherine M. 
C'iapp, dau. of John Clapp. She was b. in South Scituate, Sept. 
5, 1834, and d. Apr. 7, 1900. He d. May 4, 190G. Resided in 
South Scituate, near H. line. 

Children born in South Scituate: 
i. Xellie, Sep. 20, 1866; m. Nov. 20, 1890, William L. 

Foster, s. of Timothy Foster of Hingham. Ch : 

ii. Edwin C, Apr. 5, 1869; unm. 

8. Charles B. (s. of Joseph^) ; m. Oct. 12, 1872, Annie L. Jacobs, 
dau. of William Jacobs (19). She was b. Sept. 28, 1851. He d. 
Jan. 27, 1901. Resided east of Washington street, in his father's 

Child born in Hanover: 
i. Annie L., Dec. 2, 1876; m. Dec. 11, 1900, Gilbert H. 
West, s. of James H. West of Pembroke. Ch. b. in 
Pembroke : 

i. James B., Feb. 20, 1902. 
ii. Loring G., Nov. 20, 1903. 
iii. Marjorie L., Oct. 4, 1905. 

9. Elbridge B. (s. of Joseph^) ; m. May 31, 1866, Lucy B. Bar- 
ker, daughter of Walter B. Barker. She was b. in South Scituate, 
May 31, 1843. Resided on Washington street, in his father's 
house, and later at Assinippi, in the Ebenezer Blanchard house. 

Children born in Hanover : 
i. Jennie B., Sept. 20, 1868 ; m. Jan. 25, 1893, Alfred H. 

Loring, s. of Albert B. Loring of Norwell. Ch: 

i. Albert B., b. in H., Dec. 6, 1893. 

ii. Ruth J., b. in Norwell, Mar. 9, 1900. 
ii. Helen L., Sept. 10, 1873. 
iii. Edith B., Aug. 19. 1880; m. July 5, 1906, G. Herman 

Donbam, s. of George Donhani of Rockland. Ch: 



10. J. Austin (s. of Joseph-*) ; m. Nov. 18, 1874, F. Ella Damon, 
dau. of Andrew T. Damon (8). He d. Jan. 28, 1898. Eesided on 
Hanover St. 

Cliildren born in Hanover: 
i. M. Alma, July 28, 1884; m. Clinton E. Sweeny, s. of 

Edward P. Sweeny (3). 
ii. Stanley A., May 4, 1889. 

11. Charles W. (s. of Joseph^) ; m. Nov. 24, 1879, Kuthena 
Stockbridge, dau. of Lebbeus Stockbridge (18). Lumber dealer; 
tax collector for many years. Eesides on Main street, at the end 
of Union street, in the house constructed by his mother and him- 

Children born in Hanover: 
i. Amy N., Sep. 19, 1880. 
ii. Louise H., Nov. 24, 1882. 
iii. Christine T., Feb. 8, 1892; d. June 5, 1892. 


1. Lloyd (s. of dishing 0.,) b. in South Scituate, Apr. 8, 1830; 
m. Nov. 15, 1858, Sarah E. E. Kent, dau. of Noah B. Kent of S. 
Boston. She was b. in Scituate, Sept. 22, 1834, and d. in 1909. 
Came to Hanover in 1870, and resided on Broadway, at the end 
of Elm street; now resides in Boston. Notary Public. 
Children born in Boston: 
i. Harriette S., Jan. 29, 1860; d. June 23, 1879. 
ii. Velma, Oct. 20, 1861. 

iii. L. Vernon, (Dr.) Aug. 13, 1863; m. June 1, 1905, 
Mary T. Cabot, dau. of Louis Cabot of Brookline. 
She was b. in Boston, May 27, 1871. See chapter 
on Professional men. Child born in Boston: 
Lloyd Vernon, June 27, 1909. 


1. Samuel (was s. of Gilbert, s. of Nathaniel, s. of William, ae 20, 
who, with his bro. Gilbert, ae 14, came to New England in 1635). 
Wm. was in Scit., in 1644, and his farm was south of Till's, after- 
wards Dwelley's Creek. Samuel (1) lived on Walnut street, now 
Webster street, in a house built there before the present road was 
laid out, and to which the access was by a cartpath through land of 
Capt. Elisha Barrell, near his house. Mr. B. d. in H., May 17, 
1829, aet. 87, and his wid. Aug. 27, 1830, aet. 89. He m. Eliza- 
beth, dau. of Thomas Gray (1). 
Children : 

i. Betsey; m. Heman Stoddard. 

ii. Deborah; m. Apr. 4, 1796, Cooms House. 

iii. James went to Maine. 

iv. John, went to Maine. 


2. Joseph (bro. of SamuoP) ; m. first, 17G9, Lydia Stetson, dau. 
of Gideon Stetson of Scit. She d. Ang. 17, 1793, and he m. 
secondly in 1794, Sarali Dunbar. He d. Dec. 20, 1820, aet 74, 
and his wid. abt. 1840, aet 93. Resided on Main street, in a large 
2 story house, which stood on the site of the house owned at 
his death by Edward G. Brooks. 

Children born in Hanover: 

3. i. Curtis, Dec. 12, 1770. 

ii. Lydia, Mar. 26, 1773; d. May 30, 1849. 

iii. Sarah, Dec. 22, 1775; m. Zachariah Damon (3). 

iv. Eleanor, May 4, 1778; m. Eells Damon (4). 

4. V. Joseph, Jan. 1, 1781. 

vi. Abi, Apr. 10, 1783; m. Albert Church and lived in 

vii. Hannah, Nov. 20, 1785; d. Aug. 6, 1792. 

3. Curtis (s. of Joseph^) ; m. Feb. 10, 1793, Anne Southworth 
of Duxbury. Selectman. He d. Aug. 31, 1817, and she d. Mar. 
5, 1857, aet 86 yrs. Resided on Main street, in house now owned 
and occupied by Horace S. Crane. Selectman. 

Children born in Hanover: 

5. i. Samuel, June 7, 1794; d. Aug. 26, 1856. 

6. ii. Thomas, June 7, 1794; d. Jan., 1860, in Hlinois. 

iii. Anne, Mar. 17, 1796; m. first, Oct. 25, 1817, James 
Whiting, s. of James Whiting (7), and secondly, 
Jesse Gray, and d. at Greene, Me., in 1847. Ch. 
born to Jesse and Anne Gray: 
i. Lucy; m. Thomas Ray. 
ii. Lydia J. ; m. John S. Rose, 
iii. Sarah A.; m. I^ewis S. Belcher, 
iv. John F. 
V. Jesse A. 

vi. Susan F. ; m. John Dean. 
vii. Seth T. 

7. iv. Ara, Mar. 17, 1796. 

v. Hannah, Apr. 7, 1799; m. Dec. 22, 1820, Jeremiah 
Belcher of Randolph. 

8. vi. John, Sept. 3, 1802. 

vii. Ruth, Dee. 31, 1806; d. unm. Mar. 3, 1895. 

4. Joseph (s. of Joseph^) ; m. first, Jan. 16, 1803, Mary Tower 
of Scit. She d. Mar. 21, 1847. He m. secondly, June 10, 1849, 
wid. Hannah Series, who d. Feb. 24, 1855. He m. thirdly, Jan. 
1860, Jane Hatch, wid. of Ezekiel T. Hatch (19) and dau. of 
Laban Wilder (1). He d. Nov. 10, 1869, and his wid. d. Nov. 22, 
1871. Selectman. Lived in his father's house until his second 

Children Ijorn in Hanover : 
i. Mary, Feb. 1, 1804; d. unm., Apr. 27, 1888. 
ii. Lvdia S. ; m. Silas Ripley of Abington, and d. a wid. 
^Jan. 12, 1847. 

70 msi"»M;\ o\- II A\()vi:u. 

iii. Liu;v. Nov. i:». IS07; tl. Ww V;?. LS?:>. 
iv. Dolionih. W'i'. 17. ISHD; d. .Ian. VS. ISIV. 
V. ►Siirali l>.. Mar. "J:*. ISl'v*; ui. riniu (\ Wliiliiij^ (;>). 
;». vi. .I*>s»-()li. .Ink V. ISI I. 

vii. .Iiuiu>s. Mar. Vl. 1S17; d. uuiu. .Ian. vV, ISlll. 
viii. JM't.sov, Apr. IS, ISIl'; in. Luiniis Vovd ol \[nur;[\n\. 
ID. i\. liilluMl". .lulv IS, IS?1. 

\. ("Iiarlcs. .\n;;'. .'>l, ISV,'!; n\. an Ami's ami went io Ci\\. 
Ciiilil born soi'onil wil'o: 
\i. Lvilia. ()it. VI. IS.">0; in. lirsl, ,liiiu« 1'. ISil'.i, Laban \V. 
I'\m(I o\' Soulli Si'itnatt'; sorondlN, .Inlv iv. 1SS6, 
i>aiiiol Harm's o\' Soulli Siitualo. 

5. Saniui'l (s. ol* rurtis-') ; m. Mt>hi(abK' l.arknin, i»r lU'verly. 
llo (1. Au>;. \.'(). IS.M!. and slio d. .hilv V I, tSSS. U\'sitU>d on Main 
stroot, in iiis rntlior's lionso. r»ariv savs this housi- was built by 
('iirtis Hrooks alu)ui l'*!'!. I'lio [>robabili(i('s aro lluit il whs 
built by his CatluM". .losi'pb Im»>oLs. at an oarlior ilato. 
(Miildron biun in llauovor: 

I. Samuol, Mar. 1!'. 1S1;>; in. Mary Moroy. I. in Mod- 

ii. MohitabK'. Vch. .'!, ISVt; iii. 11. Aiuirow Hanson (I). 

iii. Anno S., ISVS); d. aot. 5> wks. 

iv. .\nno S., Sopl. *^.^^, ISiU); ni. Ixufus Crano (^1). 

V. I'lli/abolli. is;;,') ; d. aot. 1 wks. 

(\. 'i'luvnias (^s. of Curtis-') ; in. lirst. bob. VS. lSI(i. Mary t'urtis, 
dan. of .Itilm Turtis (.U). and soiH>ndly, ISoT. Laura .\linv. Was 
Poa. i>f l>aplist (Miuroh for abt. IV yrs. Moyod to Illinois, whore 
his wid. d. in IS<">V. llo d. in lllimus, Jan., IStU). 
(^iiildivn by wifo Mary, bi>rn in llanoviM": 

i. '.rhoinas. May Vl), IS17; d. unin. 

ii. Williaiu. .luno V7. lSli»; in. .Inliolta Moriain. 111. 

iii. (.Marissa. .Ian. Vt. ISVV; m. riimimor (.'ouoh. 111. 

iv. Mary A., Aug. V. lSV.^; in. Win. 1'. l.a.'.oll. 111. 

V. Curtis. IVo. (). 1SV7; d. youuii. 

vi CharKitlo? in. fusliiii!;- .lonos. 111. 

7. Ara (s. of furtis-') ; in. I'Vb. Vl>. ISVo. Hannah nrii::!::s. dan. 
of K/.ra l>ri,s:;,iis (V). ami livod in Howdoinham, Mo. l\c d. Mar. 
•J, ,IS7V. andhis wid. d. Mar. II. ISSl. 
ChiMron lH>rn in lM>W(loinliam. Mo. 
i. l.ydia .v.. .Inly .">. ISVo; in. Nov.. ISll. Josoi^h S. 
l'Mli(>tt of iMiwdoinhain, Mo., and d. b'ob. :■>, \S(uk 
1 l;ul t; oluldliMl. 
ii. Mli.abolli 1... bob. \i\ ISVT ; in. lirsl. 0,-i. Io, IS-15>, 
llarllov lluntor of Howihnnhain. \\c *!. Ool., IS.^'3. 
and siio in. vsooondly, So})|. Vl>. ISr»;>, .lamos Haynos 
of Howdiun. Mo. Sho d. Aug. 11). ISSO. Had four 
childron by soooiul inarria;:o. 


iii. Hannah S., Nov. 15, 182H ; m. Aug. '^2, 1852, Willis 

iStijiHon of iiowdinnliiun, and had four childicn. 

JSlow living al LiLchlicId, Mo. 
iv. Mary li., J line 7, l^M); d. Dec. 2:i, 18;i8. 
V. AIniiia li., Aug. '^•^, iti-M; d. May )i(), 1835. 
vi. Mi'linda .)., Oct. '^^^, 18:il; m. Nov. 15, 188:^, JamfcH 

Jlayncb, and d. Apr. ]7, 1902. 
vii. Jonathan K., Apr. S, l<s;'.7; m. lV;b. 18, 18G1, LouiBa 

J. 'J'arr of Woolwich, Mc, and had Bcven childniD. 

Now living in (-'hoJHoa, Mass. 
viii. Am C, Jan. 15, 18:5!); d. Sept. 24, 18G2. 
ix. Luther S., Sept. IH, 1841; in. June; II, 1805, Harriet 

N. Lihby of JjiLehlield, Me., and <l. Apr. 5, J88'J. 

I liiil li\c cliildi'cn. 

8. John (h. of Cnrlis') ; in. Dec. 1, 1823, Amy Mann, dan. of 
Levi Mann (G), and lived on iVLiin .street, in the hoiiHe huilt hy 
Levi Mann, ahoiit 17:i(). She d. June 21, 1870, and lie d. Oct. 5, 
1878. Hea. oJ" HaptiHt Ohurch. 

Children horn in Hanover: 

John S., Oct. 27, 1824. 
Levi C, Mar. 5, 1827. 
J. Warren, Mar. 'A, 182!). 

lOmnia M., June 30, 1831; ni. Ueorge W. Curtis (77). 

Sarah M., Hee. 12, 1832; m. Aug. 25, 1855), Otis B. 

Oaknian, b. of Hiram Oakman of MarHhficld, lie 

served in the Civil War; d. June 8, 1804, and his 

wid. d. Dec. 1, 1900. 

14. vi. Ara, Apr. 28, 1835. 

vii. Mary 1^]., Nov. 15, 1837; unin. 

viii. Ilannali K., IM). 20, 18'10; m. Nathan S. Oakham ( I). 

ix. 'riiomaK D., June 23, 1843; unni. 

X. Elizabeth, Nov. 4, 1845; d. Dec. 3, 1810. 

xi. (Jeorge M., Aug. 21, 1849; d. May 12, 1850. 

9. Joseph (s. of Jos(;ph') ; m. J<]iniiy 'V. (Gardner, dau. of Robert 
CJardner of llingham. lie; d. (Jet. 23, 1873, and his wid. d. July 
31, 18!J9. liesided on Main St., in tlu! liouse built by himself in 
1840, now owiKid by y\gnes Coop(!r. Town (Ilerk iiiid Treahiirer. 

(Children born in Hanover: 

i. Emily A., July 7, 1810; mini. 

ii. Joseph H., Nov. 30, IS'1 1 ; d. unm., Sefit. 12, 1805. 

iii. Mary K., Apr. 10, 18^10; m. first, S. Lyman Kamsdell 
of HansoTi. TTe d. Apr. 4, 1871, and fihe m. fieeondly, 
June 15, 1873, Luther Bowker, b. of (j|ad Jiowker of 
Hanson, lie d. Sept. 5, 1875, and slie m. thiKily, 
Joseph A. C/'oofier (1). 

iv. Susan C., July 14, 185!); m. Oct. 15, 1879, George R. 
Weber, s. of (;. W. Weber. She <!. Dee. 20, 1893. 
No children. 










10. Gilbert (s. of Joseph-*) ; m. Sept. 19, 1841, Sibyl H. Soule, 
dau. of Abisha Soule (1). He d. June 27, 1888, aud she d. June 
27, 1896. Eesided on Main street, in house built by himself. 

Children born in Hanover: 

15. i. Edward G., Oct. 3, 1842. 

16. ii. Alfred S., Oct. 24, 1846. 

17. iii. Charles C, July 18, 1852. 

11. John S. (s. of Dea. John^) ; m. first, June 23, 1850, Nancy 
C. Binney, dau. of Spencer Binney (1). She d. Apr. 11, 1868, 
aet. 42 yrs. He m. secondly, Oct. 19, 1869, Eliza F. Shurtleff, dau. 
of Flavell Shurtleff. She was b. in Carver, Dec. 24, 1836, and d. 
Sept. 25, 1890. Resides on Main street, in house constructed by 
himself. A merchant for 50 years. Dea. of the Baptist Church 
for a long time. 

Children born in Hanover, by wife Eliza F. : 
i. Marion S., Sept. 2, 1870; unm. 

18. ii. John F., Dec. 21,' 1874. 

12. Levi C. (s. of Dea. John^) ; m. Dec. 3, 1848, Angeline S. 
Curtis, daughter of William Curtis (68). He d. Apr. 23, 1863. 
Killed at battle of Cane River. She m. secondly. Rev. Samuel 
Hill (1). Eesided on Main street, in house built by himself. 

Children born in Hanover : 
i. Ella, Jan. 9, 1850; m. Charles C. Hill (1). 

19. ii. Walter C, Nov. 3, 1854. 

13. J. Warren (s. of Dea. John^) ; m. Jan. 20, 1855, Lucinda 
Curtis, dau. of William Curtis (68). He d. Dec. 11, 1905. Re- 
sided on Main street, in house constructed by himself. 

Child born in Hanover: 

20. i. Warren S., July 20, 1861. 

14. Ara (s. of Dea. John^) ; m. May 9, 1858, Almira J. Dwelley, 
dau. of Joseph Dwelley (18). She d. Nov. 15, 1898, and he d. 
Dec. 31, 1903. Resided on Main street. 

Children born in Hanover: 
i. Clara J., Mar. 15, 1859 ; unm. 
ii. J. Howard, Aug. 21, 1861; m. Feb. 27. 1892, Amelia 

A. Turner, dau. of S. Nathan Turner (37). No 

iii. Frank, July 24, 1866; d. Aug. 8, 1866. 

15. Edward G. (s. of Gilbert^"); m. Feb. 14, 1862, Mary A. 
Cobbett, dau. of James Cobbett, of So. Scituate. She was b. Nov. 
24, 1842. He d. Feb. 4, 1908. Resided on Main street, in house 
constructed by his uncle, James Brooks. 

Children born in Hanover : 
i. Myrtie F., Aug. 20, 1864; m. Charles B. Drew (2). 
ii. Carrie S., Aug. 15, 1867; d. aet. 10 y. 6 mos. 11 dys. 
iii. James E., Apr. 2, 1871 ; d. aet. 4 dys. 
iv. Mildred V., Jan. 8, 1882; m. Adelbert 0. Gooch (1). 


16. Alfred S. (s. of Gilbertio) ; m. Jan. i, 18G8, Mary E. Morse, 
dau. of Marcus Morse (3). 

Children : 
i. Marcus A., b. in H., Oct. 3, 1874 ; m. Ellen L. Bremer, 

dau. of Albert G. Bremer. L. in Natick. 
ii. Elsie G., b. in Brockton, Feb. 8, 1886. 

17. Charles C. (s. of Gilbert^o) ; m. Sept. 16, 1870, Sarah M. 
J. Dunham, dau. of George Dunham of Eockland. She was b. 
June 4, 1854. Resides on Main street, in his father's house. 

Child : 
i. George G., b. in H., Mar. 16, 1872; d. Aug. 11, 1873. 

18. John F. (s. of John SM) ; m. June 6, 1900, Edith M. Crane, 
dau. of Rufus Crane (1). Present Town Clerk and Treasurer. 
A graduate of the Institute of Technology. Resides at North 
Hanover. Merchant. 

Children born in Hanover : 
i. John S., May 10, 1903. 
ii. Curtis C, Dec. 30, 1903. 
iii. Lois F., Sept. 13, 1906. 
iv. Amy, June 31, 1908. 

19. Walter C. (s. of Levi C.^^) ; m. Oct.' 16, 1880, Alice M. 
H.irris, dau. of William G. Harris. A Boston clothier for many 

Children : 
i. Walter C, b. in Brookline, Apr. 3, 1883. 
ii. Amy, b. in Newton Centre, Apr. 37, 1884. 
iii. Phyllis, b. in Newton Centre, June 3, 1891. 

20. Warren S. (s. of J. Warren^^) • n^. Mar. 38, 1895, Grace M. 
Stoddard, dau. of Joseph A. Stoddard (4). Now resides in 

Children : 
i. Lawrence E., 1), in Brockton, June 36, 1897. 


1. John F. (s. of Theodore) ; b. in Rockland, Nov. 15, 1851; m. 
Nov. 10, 1883, Jane H. Damon, dau. of Alfred C. Damon. Re- 
sides on Center street, in the Charles E. Thayer house. 
Children : 

i. Edith F., b. in Rockland, Aug. 6, 1885. 

ii. Charles W.. b. iu H., Jan. 19, 1893. 


1. George D. (s. of Luke, of Marlboro) b. in 1870; m. Feb'y 13, 
1896, Annie M. Nicholson, dau. of Thomas Nicholson of Ireland. 
She was 1). 1874. 


Children : 
i. Helen F., b. in Brockton, April 4, 1897. 
ii. George H., b. in Holbrook, July 11, 1899. 
iii. Madeline M., b. in Brockton, May 30, 1903. 


1. Luke F. (s. of Luke of Marlboro) b. August, 1872; m. Nov. 
31, 1894, Abbie Healey, dau. of Matthew Healey of Ireland. She 
was b. April, 1876. 
Children : 

i. Annie, b. in Brockton, Nov. 31, 1895. 

ii. Rita, b. in Brockton, June 14, 1897. 

iii. Gertrude, b. in Brockton, Aug. 17, 1899. 

iv. May, b. in Brockton, Nov. 30, 1900. 

V. Helen, b. in Brockton, Sept. 27, 1903. 

vi. Harold, b. in Norwell, Aug. 4, 1905. 

vii. Florence, b. in H., July 37, 1907. 

viii. Joseph, b. in H., Feb'y 3, 1910. 


1. Clarence F. (s. of Eben of Norwell) b. in Norwell, Sept. 30, 
1860; m. Oct. 31, 1899, Sarah E. Church, wid. of Benjamin 
Church, who was a s. of Samuel S. Church (5), and dau. of John 
S. Pratt of Hanson. Resides on Wasliiugton street, at the Four 
Corners, in the '^Alexander Wood'" house. No ch : 


1. Daniel (s. of John) b. in Ireland; m. Mary A. Barstow, eiau. 
of Thomas Barstow. She was b. in P. E. I., July 9, 1849. 
Children born in Wilmington, Del : 
i. Martha, Apr. 6, 1874: m. AVilliam Purttle. She d. 
Jan. 13, 1901. Ch: 
i. Joseph W., Mav 10, 1896. 
ii. Daniel, May 6,' 1897. 
iii. Martha, Apr. 3, 1898. 
ii. Rebecca, June 16, 1875; m. James Costello. 
iii. Daniel T., May 4, 1878 : unm. 

iv. William, Apr. 38, 1883; m. Feb. 34, 1906, Ethel L. 
Studley, dau. of Arthur W. Studley (32). No ch. 


1. Benjamin (s. of Joseph) b. in Nova Scotia: m. secondly, 
Margaret McKensie, dau. of Dunc-an McKensie of Pictou, N. S. 
She d. Aug. 4, 1891, aged 43 yrs, and he m. thirdly, Sept. 13, 
1893, Mrs. Katie Matherson, of Prince Edward Island. 
Children by wife Margaret: 

i. H. Mabel, b. in Boston. 

ii. Jessie B., b. in H., Nov. 4, 1887. 



1. Ezekiel M. (s. of Joseph) b. in Nova Scotia, 1841; m. May 
27, 1903, Mrs. Julia Hollis, dau. of James Damon of Weymouth. 
No ch: 


1. James E. (s. of Joseph) b. in Nova Scotia; m. Feb. 15, 1876,. 
Lucy A. Dagan, dau. of Bernard Dagan (1). She d. Oct. 9, 1906, 
Children born in Hanover : 

i. Rosilla, Apr. 20, 1877. 

ii. Lucy M., Oct. 1, 1878. 

iii. William H., Oct. 7, 1880; d. Feb. 24, 1891. 


v. Sarah J., Jan. 2, 1882. 

vi. Grace G., Apr. 9, 1883. 

vii. James F., July 3, 1886. 

viii. George W., May 11, 1889. 

ix. Charles G., June 4, 1890. 

X. Elizabeth, Oct. 10, 1895. 
Henry (a grand child) May 31, 1896. 


1. Joseph B. (s. of Joseph) b. in Nova Scotia, Feb. 26, 1846: m. 
Sept. 25, 1865, Mary E. Cusick. She d. Apr. 5, 1895. 
Children; last 4 born in Wareham: 
i. Joseph W., b. in North Weymouth, Jan. 6, 1871. 
ii. Charles H., b. in Cohasset, Apr. 29, 1872; m. Apr. 12, 
1900, Flora E. Grover, dau. of William Grover of 
Whitman. No ch. 
iii. Mary A., Oct. 18, 1876; m. Wallace T. Pratt, s. of 

Jacob D. Pratt (1). 
iv. George W., Aug. 2, 1878; d. Mar. 7, 1901. 
V. Edward T., Mar. 17, 1880; d. Oct. 25, 1903. 
vi. Herbert W., Oct. 9, 1882. 


1. Frank W. (s. of John 0.) b. in Belfast, Me., May 1, 1861; m. 
Nov. 25, 1885, Marietta Melvin, dau. of Jonas E. Melvin. She 
was b. in Framingham, Oct. 14, 1859. No ch. 


1. Charles A. (s. of Parker Bryant) b. August 14, 1870; m. first, 
April 14, 1897, Martha A. Flint, who d. July 9, 1898. He m. 
secondly, June 25, 1906, Helen C. Chase, dau. of Lester F. 
Holmes. She was b. in Brockton, October 9t}i, 1883. Resides at 
the Corners. Undertaker. 
Child born in Boston : 


i. Martha F., July 9, 1898. 
Ch. of Mrs. Bryant by lier first marriage: Bessie W. Chase, 
h. in Brockton, Oct. 3, 1902. 


1. Snow (s. of Snow) b. Nov. 19, 1821 ; m. May 18, 1845, Eliza 
A. Damon, dau. of Galen Damon. She was b. in South Scituate, 
June 6, 1827, and d. April 2, 1900. Eesided at Assinippi, corner 
of Washington and Webster streets, in a house which the County 
■Commissioners will order removed for the widening of the high- 

Children born in South Scituate: 
2. i. Henry E., July 22, 1849. 
ii. Emma E., June 17, 1851. 

2. Henry E. (s. of Snow^) ; m. Jan. 3, 1880, Deborah L. Eeed, 
■dau. of Obediah Eeed of Abington. She d. Nov. 10, 1880, and he 
-d. Dec. 3, 1881. 

Child born in Whitman: 
i. Florence E., Oct. 29, 1880. 


1. Samuel F. (s. of Samuel F.), b. in Boston, in 1837; m. May 
'9, 1858, Sarah M. Damon, dau. of George Damon (7). Served 
in Civil War. Besides on Main street, near Webster street, in 
house which he constructed. Shoe manufacturer for many years. 
Children born in Hanover: 
i. Edwin F., Apr. 10, 1859; m. first, Oct. 9, 1880, 
Helen A. Shaw, dau. of Eoland Shaw; m. secondly, 
July 3, 1893, Almira E. Cooper, dau. of Joseph A. 
Cooper (1). No children, 
ii. Delia M., Dec. 30, 1860; d. Sept. 27, 1861. 
iii. Sarah L., May 5, 1863; d. May 4, 1864. 
iv. Agnes M., Apr. 30, 1865; m. Harry W. Studley (29). 
V. Daniel E., Aug. 26, 1871 ; d. Aug. 7, 1872. 
vi. Gertrude H., Nov. 26, 1875. 
vii. Frank I., Mar. 20, 1883. 


1. Ezra of Plymouth: m. in 1852, Sarah Wood, dau. of 
Zaccheiis Wood. She was b. in Plymouth. Mass., in 1824. He d. 
in 1866. aurl his widow came to H. and resided on Church street, 
where slie died in 1904. 
Child : 
i. Martha, b. in 1853, and d. in 1866. 


1. Luke P. (s. of William S.) b. in Plvmouth, June 28. 1844; ni. 
Jan. 21, 1869, Frances A. Curtis, dau.' of Benj. X. (Uirtis (59). 


Kesides on Washington street, at Assinippi, iu house constriu-tod 
by himself. Postmaster at Assinippi. 
Cliildren born in Hanover : 

i. Addie P., Dec. 9, 1869; m. Albert M. Jones (1). 

ii. Ealph C, Feb. 9, 1873; d. Aug. 20, 1909. 


1. Benjamin F. (s. of Loammi, of Harvard, Mass.), b. Jan. 23,. 
1810; m. Matilda Jenkins, dau. of Lemuel Jenkins, of Abington.. 
Eesided on Washington street, in the house constructed by him- 
self, now occupied by George H. Allen. Selectman. Eepresenta- 

Children ; first two born in Eockland, last two in Hanover : 
i. Sarah W., Sept. 18, 1842; d. Feb. 10, 1861. 
2. ii. Emory, Mar. 2, 1847. 

iii. Harriet, Sept. 14, 1851; m. Xov. 13, 1872, William- 
Torrey of Eockland, s. of Josiah Torrey. She d. 
June 5, 1904. Ch: 

i. William A., Aug. 28, 1874; m. first, Feb. 12, 
1895, Nellie E. Dill, dau. of Fred Dill, of Eock- 
land. She d. Nov. 23, 1903; m. secondly, Feb. 1, 
1905, Mrs. Hattie Gardner, of Eockland, dau. of 
Otis Shaw, 
ii. Harwood G., June 23, 1880; m. Apr. 14, 1902, 
H. Gertrude Flynn, of Abington, dau. of Thomas 
iii. Ethel B., Nov. 13, 1881 ; m. Aug. 1, 1900, Perry 
M. Smith, s. of Joshua S. Smith, of Eockland. 
iv. Josiah, Aug. 30, 1853; d. Feb. 1, 1862. 

2. Emory (s. of Benjamin F.) ; m. Nov. 11, 1872, Mary A. 
Bemis, b. at London, Eng., Nov. 15, 1850. (Mary A. Bemis was 
adopted daughter of Alexander Douglas of E. Abington). 

Children born in Eockland : 
i. Albert F., Oct. 2, 1873; m. June 19, 190J, May 
Dwight, daughter of Fred Dwight of C'astalia, Ohio.^ 
ii. Helen E., May 3, 1881. 
iii. Elsie D., July 22, 1892. 


1. Frank W. (s. of Eev. Archibald, a Congregational Clergyman) 
b. August 20, 1868; m. January 23, 1889, Annie L. Haskell, dau. 
of William Haskell. She was b. in Boston, Aug. 20, 1870. 
Child born in Eoxbury, Mass: 
i. Willard A., July 13, 1895. 

1. John H. (s. of Henry of Eockland) ; m. Apr. 5, 1871, Emily 


A. Studley, dau. of Joseph H. Studley (15). He was b. in Rock- 
land, May 9, 1852. Now resides in Barnstable, Mass., but while 
in H. he resided on Whiting street. 
Child born in Eockland: 
i. Marion S., b. Sept. 19, 1876; d. May 10, 1882. 


1. Rev. John (s. of John of Newburyport) b. Apr. 13, 1789, in 
Nottingham West, N. H. ; m. May 31, 1811, Nancy Payne, dau. 
of Richard Payne of Salisbury, Mass. Pastor of the Baptist 
Church in H., 1810 to 1824. Lived on Main St., in the two- 
story house, now standing, and for many years owned and oc- 
-eupied by Judson Vining. Removed from H. to Waterville, Me., 

in 1824. He d. July 1, 1856. She d. — 

Note : — As this family was in Hanover for so short a time, and 
as no descendants are left here, we simply give names of the chil- 
dren with dates of their birth. 

Children; first nine (except Esteria) born in Hanover: 

i. John R., Mar. 13, 1812. 

ii. Almira, Apr. 11, 1813. 

iii. Esteria, b. in Ipswich, May 7, 1814. 

iv. Anne J., Apr. 1, 1816. 

V. Abigail, June 24, 1817. 

vi. Sarah, Dec. 11, 1818. 

vii. Charles, May 21, 1820. 

viii. Elizabeth L., Oct. 17, 1821. 

ix. Hannah H., Feb. 28, 1823. 

X. Nathaniel, b. in Waterville, Me., Oct. 19, 1824. 

xi. Jane P., b. in Winthrop, Me., Mar. 18, 1826 ; d. Jan. 8, 

xii. Mary S., b. in Winthrop, Me., July 5, 1828. 

xiii. Sophia B., b. in East Winthrop, Me., July 8, 1830. 

xiv. Maria S., b. in East Winthrop, Me., July 8, 1830. 


1. John (s. of John) b. in Ireland, abt. 1843; m. first, Mary Con- 
don, of Ireland, who d. Nov. 19, 1881 ; m. secondly, July 28, 1883, 
Mary Collins, dau. of Patrick Collins, of Ireland. Resided on 
Webster street, just east of London bridge. 

Children by first wife Mary : 
2. i. John P., born in Liverpool, England, Sept. 2, 1868. 
ii. Mary E., b. in Hanover, May 25, 1872: m. David 

Young, and has four ch : 
iii. Elizabeth A., b. in Hanover, June 24, 1874: m. a Tor- 

2. -John P. (s. of Johni) ; m. June 17, 1899, Susie M. Wolfe, dau. 
of Philip Wolfe, of Hingham. Resides on Webster street, east of 
Whiting street. 


Children born in Hanover: 
i. Hazel W., Aug. 8. i:)0-<!. 
ii. J. Clift'ord, June 7, 1904. 
iii. Elizabeth, Feb. 6, 1907. 


1. Anthony and his wife, Margaret, came to H. from Ireland. 
His wife d. July 26, 1872, aged 57 yrs. He d. Marcli 7, 1882, 
aged G6 3'rs. Resided on Cedar street in house built by himself. 

Children : 
i. Mary, b. in Ireland; m. and moved to Weymouth, 
ii. Call 0., b. in Ireland; m. and 1. in Rockland. Had 
s. Timothy, who m. Rosie L. Inglis, dau. of Thomas 
Inglis (1). 

2. lii. John, b. in Ireland in 1846. 

iv. Julia, b. in Ireland ; m. and moved to Oregon. 

3. V. Jeremiah, b. in H. in 1854. 

2. John (s. of Anthony 1) ; m. April 17, 1873, Mary A. Healy, 
dau. of Timothy Healy. She was b. in N. B., March 5, 1855. 
Resides on Cedar street in his father's house. 

Children born in Hanover: 

4. i. Anthon}^ Jan. 16, 1874. 

5. ii. T. Frederick, Feb. 7, 1875. 
iii. Margaret A., Apr. 16, 1876. 

iv. J. Henry, Dec. 4, 1877; d. May 1, 1895. 

v. Catherine T., Jan. 3, 1879. 

vi. J. Francis, Apr. 18, 1880; d. Jan. 10, 1906. 

vii. M. Gertrude, Dec. 21, 1881. 

viii. S. Joseph, Oct. 17, 1886. 

is. J. Louisa, Nov. 6, 188!). 

X. Rose C, Feb. 26, 1891. 

xi. Charles L., Oct. 30, 1892. 

3. Jeremiah (s. of Anthony^) ; m. Dec. 29, 1878, Margaret M. 
Shay, dau. of Thomas Shay, of Hiugham. Lives in Abington. 

Children born in Hanovei': 
i. Anthony H.; d. age 1 yr. 

ii. Alice M., May 1, 1883; m. April 30, 1907, Walter I. 
Lewis, s. of Henry M. Lewis, of Rockland. 

4. Anthony (s. of John^) ; m. Alice McDermott, dau. of Wm. 
McDermott, of Brockton. 

Child born in Brockton : 
i. Mildred, May 17, 1904. 

6. T. Frederick (s. of Jolin2) ; m. May 7, 1898, Annie Hurley, 
dau. of Timothy Hurley, of Abington. 
Children born in Abington: 

i. Rena G., Mar. 22, 1899. 

ii. Earle F., July 21, 1902. 



1. Timothy M. (s. of Call 0., and a gr. s. of Anthony Calla- 
han (1), b. in Eockland, Dec. 6, 1864; m. Eosie L. Inglis, dau. of 
Thos. Inglis (1). 

Children born in Hanover: 

i. Ernest C, June 8, 1896. 

ii. Angeline, Jan. 23, 1900. 

iii. Catherine, Aug. 12, 1902. 

iv. Mildred L., June 27, 1905. 

V. William F., Sept. 4, 1908. 


1. Fred W. (s. of John) b. in Bangor, Me., Apr. 21, 1851 ; m. 
Aug. 15, 1869, Ada A. Pennell, dau. of John N. Pennell. She 
was b. in Portland, Me., Apr. 27, 1851. No ch. Resides on 
Pleasant street in house for many years occupied by John Estes. 

Note. — Clementine E. Small (a niece) b. in Portland, Me., 
Aug. 3, 1881, resides in this family. 


1. Ylenchard L., (s. of Joseph) b. in Nova Scotia, October 9, 
1876; m. Nov. 8, 1899, Edith H. Pea, dau. of George Rea. She 
was b. at Charlestown, Mass., August 17, 1876. Came to H., 1906. 
Station agent at South Hanover. 
Child born in Everett : 
i. Helen P., August 21, 1901. 


1. Byron S. (s. of Thomas, of Nova Scotia) ; m. Sept. 12, 1906, 
Georgianna Elliot, dau. of Henry Elliot (1). 
Child born in Hanover: 
i. James G., June 20, 1907; d. Aug. 18, 1909. 


1. John H. (s. of Francis, of East Bridgewater) b. Dec. 7, 1819; 

m. in 1842, Fanny Bates, dau. of Amos Bates (27). He d. in 

Civil War, May 6, 1863. She d. Dec. 31, 1907. 
Children born in Hanover: 
i. Ann A., Mar. 21, 1843; d. Dec. 18, 1849. 
ii. John F., Apr. 11, 1845; d. Jan. 8, 1850 
iii. Adelia F., Oct. 25, 1850; m. Wm. H. Stetson. 


1. James (s. of Dennis) b. in County Cork, Ireland, Feb. 2, 1820; 
m. Catherine Long, dau. of John Long. She was b. in County 
Cork, Ireland, Dec. 10, 1824, and d. April 16, 1892. Mr. Cash- 
man came to H. in May, 1850, and d. Sept. 27, 1879. Resided 


on Walnut street, now Webster street, in the house constructed by 
himself, and since burned, 
i. Hannah, b. in Ireland, July 3, 1845; m. John O'Con- 
nor, of liockland. He d. August 8, 18?9, aged 49 
years. Children born in Kockland : 
William, May 29, 18G9. 
James, Jan. 30, 1871. 
Julia, Dec. 1, 1872; m. John J. Flynn, of South 

John C, Dec. 14, 1875. 
Joseph, Sept. 10, 1877. 
Catherine A., Nov. 11, 1878. 
ii. Julia, b. in Ireland, April 2, 1847; m. Daniel Eiordan, 
who was b. in Ireland, a son of James Eiordan. Ch. 
b. in East Abington: 
Mary A., x\pr. 27, 1866; m. Henry Doherty, and has 

five ch. 
Catherine F., Dec. 14, 1869; unm. 
Alice C, March 27, 1884; unm. 

2. iii. John, b. in Ireland, June, 1849. 

iv. Dennis J., b. in H., Oct. 15, 1851 ; unm. 

V. Catherine A., b. in So. Seituate, April 20, 1854; m. 

Nov. 24, 1881, John F. Mclntire, s. of John Mcln- 

tire, of Abington. He was b. in Ireland, April 16, 

1852. Ch: 

J. Frank, b. in Seituate, Aug. 30, 1882; unm. 

Catherine M., b. in Brockton, Oct. 1, 1884; unm. 

James H., b. in Brockton, Dec. 20, 1886; d. June 
18, 1897. 

Marguerite, b. in Brockton, March 26, 1888; d. 

Oct. 21, 1890. 

Helen C, b. in Brockton, Jan. 27, 1891. 
vi. James T., b. in H., May 14, 1857; d. unm., Jan. 28, 

vii. Mary P., b. in H., Apr. 2, 1858; d. Jan. 27, 1865. 

3. viii. William, b. in H., Nov. 4, 1859. 

ix. Ellen C, b. in H., April 9, 1862; m. Nov. 17, 1887, Jas. 

W. Spence, who was b. Jan. 4, 1862, a s. of John, of 

Rockland. Ch. b. in Rockland: 

J. Frederick, Nov. 21, 1888. 

C. Madeline, Dec. 30, 1891. 

Angeline, Apr. 18, 1894. 

Mary C, Sept. 28, 1896. 

Helen, May 1, 1900. 

James W., Jr., Feb. 8, 1906. 
X. Luke J., b. in H., July 5, 1866; m. 

2. John (s. of James' ) ; m. Annie Falvey, dau. of Eugene Falvey, 
of Quiney. 


Children born in Quincy: 
i. Catherine A.; m. John Dalton, of Sandwich, and has 

2 ch. 
ii. James; m. Ada James, of Hull, and has 4 oh. 
iii. Mary. 

iv. William ; m. Barry, of Quincy, and has 1 ch. 

V. John; m. Carey, of Braintree. No ch. 

vi. Helen; unm. 
vii. Beatrice; unm. 
viii. Henry; unm. 
4 ch. d. young. 

3. William (s. of James^) ; m. Mary F. Murphy of Scituate. 
Children born in Quincy: 
i. Edward, 
ii. William. 


1. Rev. Calvin, fourth pastor of the First Church in H. (s. of 
Captain Joseph, who d. in H., June, 1812, aet. 88 yrs.) Grad- 
uate of Dartmouth College, 1786; m. Melatiah Nye, of Oldliam. 
Settled first in Eochester, and then in H. in 1806, and d. in Vir- 
ginia, in 1818 ( ?). He was proprietor of an Academy in Eoches- 
ter, and founder of the Academy in H. Eepresentative in 1811. 

Children : 
2. i. Ebenezer N., 1793. 

ii. Moses G., 1795; m. and resided in N. Y. 

iii. Eoxa; m. Albert Smith (7). 

iv. Mary S., bt. Aug. 23, 1807; m. Mason Campbell, Esq., 

of Washington, D. C. 
V. Dulce; m. James McFarland, of Va. 
vi. Nancy, July 10, 1807; m. Thomas Whittaker, of Va. 
vii. John S. S., Oct. 14, 1810. Eesided in California, 
viii. Sarah S. Eesided in Portland, Me. 

2. Ebenezer N. (s. of Calvin^) ; m. Hannah G. Fearing, of Ware- 
ham. Kept store at the Corners. Eemoved to Boston. 

Children : 
i. Abby F. ; m. J. A. P. Allen, of New Bedford, 
ii. Sturgis; m. Tirzah Savery, of Wareham. Eesided in 


1. Henry, according to Daniel Cushing's Eecord, with his wife, 
motlier and two oh., came from Hingham, Eng., settled in Hing- 
ham, Mass., in 1638, in which year he was a freeman. Grant of 
5 acres of land, made to him "at the liead of Nicholas Jacobs." 
He had a s. Henry, and he a s. Natbaniel, who was of Scituate, and 
received grants of land in 1693, on east of "Dead Swamp," now 


called "Chamberlin Plain." His s. Freedom was of Pembroke, b. 
161*7; m. Mary Soule, and had Nathaniel, Sept. 24, 1733, and ten 
others — several of whom settled in Bridgewater, 

2. Nathaniel (s. of Freedom, of Pembroke) ; m. first, Dec. 17, 
1743, Sarah Foster, who d. 1765. He m. secondly in 1767, De- 
liverance, dau. of Thomas Snell, of Bridgewater. He d. in 1814, 
and his wife the same year aged 86 yrs. He was in H. in 1747, 
and a few years after. Most of his children settled in Bridge- 
water. One s.. 

3. i. Josiah, b. Oct. 13, 1764, settled in Hanover. 

3. Josiah (s. of Nathaniel^) ; m. first, Nov. 25, 1784, Lucy Pratt, 
dau. of Jonathan Pratt (3). She d. Mar. 26, 1789, and he m. 
secondly. Mar. 18, 1790, Abigail Crocker, of Pembroke. He d. 
Oct. 18, 1829, and his wid. d. Nov. 7, 1847, act. 83 yrs. Lived on 
Spring street in house constructed by himself, and now owned 
and occupied by Elliot L. Stetson. 

Children by wife Lucy, born in Hanover : 

i. Lucy, Mar. 23, 1785; m. June 15, 1814, Ezra Phillips 
of Pembroke and d. June 7, 1832. 

ii. Lydia. Aug. 21, 1788.: d. Sept. 14, 1821; unm. 
Children by wife Abigail. 

iii. Nabby, Aug. 22, 1796; m. Cephas Perry (13). 

4. iv. Josiah, Nov. 17, 1798. 

5. V. Nathaniel F., Jan. 6, 1802. A twin brother of Na- 

thaniel F., d. Feb. 15, 1802. 

4. Josiah (s. of Josiah^) ; m. Aug. 26, 1821, Sophia Taylor, of 
Scituate. He d. Nov. 4, 1876. She d. Oct. 23, 1881, aged 79 yrs. 
Lived on his father's place. 

Children born in Hanover : 

6. i. Josiah W., Feb. 11, 1822. 

7. ii. N. Philip, Mar. 2, 1824. 

iii. William H., July 19, 1827; m. June, 1857, Susan M. 

Magoun, of Boston, dau. of Snow Magoun. He d. 

Oct., 1889. She d.. 1899 (burned to death). No 

iv. Lucy H., Sept. 5, 1834; m. George F. Turner. (3). 
V. George, Aug. 29, 1840 ; unm. 

8. vi. Francis, Aug. 29, 1840. 

5. Nathaniel F. (s. of Josiahs) ; m. first, Nov. 10, 1832. Phcebe 
Bates, dau. of Amos Bates (27). She d. and he m. secondly, 
1837, Mary E. Bates, dau. of Amos Bates (27). He d. Feb. 15, 
1854, and his wid. d. June 17, 1876. Resided on Centre street in 
the house now occupied by his son Myron F. 

Children by wife Phoebe, born in Hanover: 
i. Nathaniel M., Oct. 20, 1833; d. in infancy, 
ii. John B.. Mar. 18, 1836; d. Oct. 4, 1836. 

By wife Mary R., born in Hanover: 
iii. John B., Jan. 23, 1838; d. imm, June 9, 1862. 


9. iv. Amos B., Aug. 24, 1839. 

10. V. Myron F., Oct. 20, 1843. 

vi. Mary I. ; m. Jan. 1, 1867 ; Joseph W. Bean, of Boston, 
s. of Joseph Bean. She d. in Boston. Two eh. 

6. Josiah W. (s. of Josiah-^) ; m. first, Sept. 13, 1841, Melinda S. 
Cox, dau. of Seth Cox, of Hanson. She d. Deo. 21, 1845, and he 
m. secondly, Nov. 30, 1848, Sarah T. Ewell, dau. of Luther Ewell, 
of Scituate. He d. May 5, 1908. (Sarah T., m. Charles David, 
and now resides in Norwell). 

Children by wife Melinda S., born in Hanover: 

11. i. J. Warren, Dec. 8, 1843. 

ii. Mary T., June 21, 1845; d. in infancy. 
Children by wife Sarah, all born in South Scituate, except the 
second one, who was born in Hanover, 
iii. Sarah M., Jan. 6, 1850; d. young, 
iv. Alice G., Apr. 15, 1851; m. Alfred Shaw, of Abing- 

ton, and d. August 6, 1879. One ch. d. young. 
V. Arthur B., Dec. 13, 1854; m. Mary A. Smith, dau. of 
Robert Smith, of P. E. I., and had ch. b. in So. 
i. Sarah M. 

ii. Charles R. ; m. Elizabeth I. Hammond, dau. of 
Joseph T. Hammond (1), and now resides in 
Bridgewater. Ch : first and second born in Han- 
over; last three born in Bridgewater: Robert B., 
Jan. 27, 1899; Mabel, Dec. 15, 1900; Ethel; 
Ellen; Charles. 
iii. Sadie M. 
vi. George T., Sept. 12, 1856; m. Myra Crooker, of Hol- 
brook, and had a dau. Alice M., who m. Eldrew N, 
Gerrish (1), and a s. Charles, who m. and is now d. 
His wid. m. Enoch Johnson, s. of Enoch Johnson 
(1). Charles had one dau. 
vii. Samuel N., July 13, 1858; m. Mary Thatcher, of 

Brockton. Had 2 ch., one of whom d. young. 
viii. Elmer E., Feb. 24, 1865; m. July 23, 1887, Flora E. 
Smith, dau. of Wm. R. Smith, of South Scituate. 
Has 2 ch., b. in Norwell : Millie G., and Elberta E. 
ix. Millie I., July 6, 1868; m. May 9, 1887, Jolm Roper. 
Resides in Whitman. No ch. 

7. N. Philip (s. of Josiah^) ; m. Aug. 20, 1848, Melatiah C. Stet- 
son, dau. of Samuel Stetson (30). He d. Nov. 2, 1907. Re- 
sided on Hanover street. 

Children born in Hanover: 

12. i. Henry E., Sept. 21, 1850. 

ii. Philip H., Sept. 20, 1853; d. Mar. 8, 1865. 

iii. Eliza J., Feb. 19, 1861 ; d. Oct. 8, 1861. 

iv. P. Chester, Aug. 2, 1867; d. unm., Jan. 4. 1893. 


8. Francis (s. of Josiah-*) ; m. Nov. 8, 1864, Deborah A. Barker, 
dau. of Benjamin Barker, of Hanson. She was born April 3, 

Children : 

i. Mary E., b. in H. Apr. 11, 1869 ; m. June, 1895, Claude 
S. Boardman, s. of Henry E. Boardman, of Framing- 
ham, Mass. Ch : 
i. Graham H., Sept. 13, 1897. 
ii. Henry C, Sept. 6, 1902. 

ii. Emma S., b. in H., Apr. 16, 1881 ; d. July 21, 1882. 

iii. Ealph H., b. in Abington, Dec. 7, 1884; d. Aug. 18, 

9. Amos B. (s. of Nathaniel F.^) ; m. Dec. 16, 1860, Helen P. 
Barker, dau. of Ira Barker, of S. Scituate. He d. Mar. 3, 1881. 
Widow now resides in Milton. 

Children, first two born in Hanover; the third born in 
Boston : 
i. Helen M., Feb. 12, 1863 ; m. Fred West, of Milton. Has 

a dau. Lola, who is m. and lives in New Jersey, 
ii. Lottie M., July 21, 1865; d. June 15, 1869. 
iii. Eena. Is a school teacher, and resides in Milton. 
One child died in infancy. 

10. Myron F. (s. of Nathaniel F.^) ; m. Jan. 23, 1869, Harriet 
E. Stetson, dau. of Harrison Stetson (45). Eesides now in his 
father's house. 

Children : 
i. Myron L., b. in Boston, Nov. 10, 1872. Resides in 

Laurence; m. Mae E. Meary. No ch. 
ii. Irving H., b. in H., Sept. 19, 1875 ; unm. 

11. J. Warren (s. of Josiah W.«) ; m. Nov. 11, 1866, Mary A. 
Prouty, dau. of Elijah Prouty, of South Scituate. She was b. in 
South Scituate, Nov. 16, 1845. 

Children born in Hanover: 
i. Frank W., Dec. 28, 1867; d. unm., Mav 20, 1890. 
ii. Walter, Dec. 8, 1872; d. Aug., 1873. 
iii. William, Deo. 8, 1872 ; d. Aug., 1873. 
iv. Wilfred L., Jan. 8, 1877; unm. 

12. Henry E. (s. of N. Philip') ; m. first, Nov. 13, 1871, Eliza 
A. Rose, dau. of Edwin Rose (9). She d. Mar. 23, 1873, and he 
m. secondly, Sept. 30, 1875, Amy E. Barstow, dau. of Robert Bars- 
tow (40). Now resides on Hanover street, corner of Grove street. 
See chapter on "Old Houses." 

Children by wife Amy : 
i. Fannie L.. Aug. 30, 1877. 
ii. Herbert B., Sept. 2, 1879. 
iii. Ellen T., Nov. 23, 1883. 
iv. Robert N.. Apr. 6, 1890; d. Apr. 19, 1891. 



1. Norman (s. of Alpheus) b. in Conn., May 19, 1818; m. Oct. 
4, 1841, Rebecca S. Bates, dau. of Thomas 0. Bates (41). He d. 
Jan. 30, 1886, and she d. May 20, 1894. Resided on Hanover 
street, near Iron Mine brook, in the Dr. Dwelley house. 

Children born in Hanover: 
i. Leander E., Aug. 24, 1843 ; d. unm. Dec. 21, 1903. 
ii. Myra A., Apr. 6, 1847; m. Chas. H. Dwelley, s. of 

Lemuel Dwelley (15). 
iii. R. Lillian, Sept. 11, 1852; m. first, George R. Morse 

(3) ; m. secondly, Samuel L. Sides (1). 

2. iv. Jesse P., Nov. 14, 1856. 

V. Alpheus N., Apr. 25, 1858; m. Dec. 31, 1900, Olive S. 
Dickinson, widow of Chas. Dickinson, and dau. of 
Hiram Witham. 

2. Jesse F. (s. of Norman^) ; m. Aug. 3, 1876, Ella I. Terry, dau. 
of Enoch Terry, of Rockland. She was b. Nov. 8, 1850. Resides 
on Main street in the house which Edward G. Brooks owned and 
occupied at his death. 

Children born in Rockland: 
i. Grace N., Nov. 2, 1877. 


1. Ralph, aet. 20, was of Southwark, Eng., and came to America 
in the Elizabeth, of London, William Stagg, master, in 1635. He 
was of Duxbury in 1640. Ship carpenter by trade. He m. Nov. 
23, 1642, Lydia Wills, and d. abt. 1671, leaving several ch., of 
whom Ralph had a son, John of H. 

2. John (s. of Ralph, and a gr. s. of Ralph (1) ) ; m., June, 
1730, Sarah Booth, dau. of Abraham Booth. He d. in H., Jan. 3, 
1811, aet. 105 yrs. He was of the Society of Priends. Probably 
resided on Elm street. 

Children : 

3. i. John, Apr. 5, 1741. 

ii. Sarah; m. John Rogers, of Marshfield. 

iii. Deliverance; m. Wing Rogers, of Marshfield. 

iv. Mary; m. Joseph Rogers, of Marshfield. 

3. John (s. of John2) ; m. first, Mar. 13, 1766, Ruth Torrey, dau. 
of Jesse Torrey (7) ; m. secondly. Mar. 22, 1786, Abigail Bates, 
dau. of Clement Bates (6). He m. thirdly, Dec. 14, 1790, Bethia 
Gardner, of Pembroke. He d. in H., May 20, 1809, and his wid. 
d. Dec. 1841, aet. 83. 

Children by wife Bethia; b. in Hanover: 

4. i. Daniel, Jan. 27, 1800 and others. 

4. Daniel (s. of John-"*) ; m. Clara Burbank. He d. March 16, 
1884. Resided for a time on Center street, where Myron F. 
Chamberlin ipw resides, he having built the house ; but he lived the 


most of his life, hoAvever, in the house on Washington street, wliere 
he died. 

Children born in Hanover: 
i. Clarissa, May 1, 1823 ; m. William F. Harris, of South 
Scituate, and had ch : Wm. F., Clara L., and Charles 
ii. Harriet, Nov. 1, 1834; m. Laban W. Wilder (3). 

5. iii. Ara, Oct. 14, 1827. 

6. iv. Timothy B., July 18, 1831. 

7. V. Daniel L., Sept. 15, 1834. 

vi. Laura A., July 24, 1840; m. Elias Eaymond, s. of Elias 
Raymond, of Weymouth. She d. Dec. 17, i;)03. 
Children : 

i. Lloyd A., b. Jan. 11, 1859. 
ii. Son, b. in H., May 30, 1861; d. July 24, 1861. 
iii. Daufi^hter b. in Weymouth, Oct. 1, 1864; d. Nov. 

29, 1864. 
iv. Clara I., b. in Weymouth, May 15, 1867; d. in 

H., aged abt. 12 yrs. 

5. Ara (s. of Daniel^) ; m. Sally W. Damon, dau. of David Da- 
mon. He d. Sept. 2, 1852, and she d. in Chelsea, Dec, 1904, aged 
67 yrs. 

Children born in Norwell: 
i. Eugene L., Sept. 6, 1847; m. Helen Bates, of North 

6. Timothy B. (s. of DanieP) ; m. first. Dee. 38, 1853, Hannah 
B. Vining, dau. of David Vining (1). She d. July, 1893, and he 
m. secondly, Carrie Martin, of Boston. Resided in Norwell, near 
the Hanover line. 

Children by wife Hannah B., born in Norwell : 
i. Charles Y., April 26, 1856 ; unm. 

7. Daniel L. (s. of Daniel^); m. Deo. 37, 1860, Fidelia W. 
Raymond, dau. of Elias Raymond, of E. Weymouth. She was 
b. in 1844, and d. Deo. 7, 1874. He d. Dec. 10, 1902. Resided 
on Washington street in the house whicli he constructed, near his 
father's house. 

Children : 
i. Edward E., b. in E. Weymoutli, Mar. 20, 1861 ; m. and 

resides in Maiden, 
ii. Lillie M., b. in H. May 33, 1866; m. first, Geo. W. 
Fish (1) ; m. secondly, Alonzo P. Henderson (9). 
iii. Benjamin A., b. in H., Dec. 14, 1871; d. Mar. 3, 1873. 


1. Benjamin 11. (s. of William) b. in New Brunswick, Mar. 20, 
1858. Came to H. Apr., 1887; m. Apr. 15, 1883, Eva McKay, 
dau. of James McKay, of Nova Scotia. She was b. Aug. 22, 1862. 


Children born in Hanover: 
i. J. Orville, May 13, 1886. 
ii. Fred I., Feb. 26, 1888. 


1. John W. (s. of Thaddeus) b. in Cornwallis, ISTova Scotia, May, 
1852; m. Oct. 6, 1874, Elizabeth Crowe, dau. of John Crowe, of 
Sharon, Mass. Came to Hanover, 1903. Resides on Whiting 
street, north of Webster street. No ch. 


1. Michael (s. of Alec) b. in Ireland; m. Bridget Bannon, who 
was b. in Ireland. Came to H. from Maryland about 1850. He 
d. Sept. 18, 1906, aged 90 yrs. Resided on Elm street, near Iron 
Mine brook. 

Children, the last 8 of whom were born in Hanover : 
i. Patrick, b. in Baltimore; d. Jan. 12, 1871, aged 18 yrs. 
ii. John, b. in Baltimore; d. Jan. 20, 1879, aged 23 yrs. 
iii. Mary A., b. in Baltimore, Aug. 18, 1857; m. Oct. 3, 

1883, Daniel McLean, of P. E. I. Has ch. May, a 

son Charles having d. aged 11 yrs. 

2. iv. Michael J., b. in Charlestown, Mass., July 22, 1859. 

3. V. Alexander H., Sept., 1861. 

vi. Catherine L, May 8, 1863; m. Fred C. Ridgeway (1). 
vii. Bridget T., Apr. 16, 1865; m. Anthony E. Hoban (1). 
viii. William E., May 6, 1867; d. Mar. 13, 1873. 
ix. Malcom, Mar. 11, 1869 ; d. aged 9 mos. 
X. Joseph M., Sept. 27, 1870 ; m. Nellie Roundy, of Ever- 
ett. No ch. He d. Aug. 11, 1905. 
xi. Margaret E., July 27, 1872; m. Thomas J. Levings 

xii. Sarah T., Oct. 7, 1874; unm. 

2. Michael J. (s. of MichaeP) ; m. Catherine M. Gay, dau. of 
William Gay (1). Resided in Rockland, where he d. May 10, 

Children : 
i. William E., b. in Clinton, Mass., Jan. 10, 1881. 
ii. John F., b. in Pembroke, March 12, 1883; d. July 12, 

iii. Florence L., b. in Hanson, Sept. 3, 1885. 

3. Alexander H. (s. of MichaeU) ; m. Dec. 31, 1884, Annie An- 
derson, of Charlestown, dau. of Daniel Anderson. She was b. 
Feb. 22, 1860. 

Children, last six of whom were born in Pembroke : 
i. Joseph, b. in H., Aug. 1, 1887; d. Apr. 5, 1891. 
ii. John, Mar. 29, 1890. 
iii. Alice, Jan. 27, 1892. 


iv. William, Feb. 26, 1894. 

V. Frank, June 21, 1897. 

vi. Agnes, Sept. 11, 1898. 

vii. Ernest, Dee. 29, 1903. 


1. Isaac B., (s. of Isaac B.), b. in North Hardwich, Aug. 26, 
1866; m. Nov. 15, 1892, Edith M. Strang, dau: of Peter Strang. 
She was b. in Duxbury, May 21, 1874. 
Children born in Hanover : 

i. Maud E., Sept. 24, 1897. 

ii. LeForest B., Apr. 18, 1901. 

iii. Melvin W., July 24, 1902. 

iv. Mabel F., May 21, 1906. 
Note. — Olive A. Torrey, b. June 18, 1896, resided in Chubbuck 
family since Oct., 1896. 


1. Richard (s. of Joseph) was b. 1608, and was freeman in 
Eoston in 1630, and Plymouth, 1632. He m. Elizabeth, dau. of 
Eichard Warren, in 1636, and was father of Col. Benjamin, the 
noted soldier of the Indian Wars. In the life of Col. Church, 
drawn up by his son Thomas, it is said that Eichard's father Jos- 
eph, ''with two of his brethren, came early into New England, as 
refugees from the religious oppression of the parent state"; and 
Deane suggests, that Richard, who was early in Hingham, may 
have been one of these brethren, and hence uncle to the warrior; 
and this Richard had a son Nathaniel, probably the one who settled 
in Scituate in 1666, whose farm was on the North river, south of 
Cornet Stetson's, including the Bald Hills, and his house stood 
near the river, and nearly opposite to Job's landing. From 
Xatlianiel, probably descended Timothy Church, of Hanover. 

2. Timothy (s. of Nathaniel?, and gr. s. of Nathaniel, of Scit- 
uate?) ; m. Sept. 5, 1765, Elizabeth Eose, dau. of Thomas Eose (3). 
He d. Mar. 2, 1776, and his wid. Mar. 24, 1794. Lived east of 
Washington street, near Martin Church house. 

Children : 

3. i. Timothy, bap. Mav 29, 1768. 

ii. Hannah S., b. May 29, 1772; d. Apr. 17, 1795. 

3. Timothy (s. of Timothy^) ; m. Nov. 27, 1796, Eebecca Stet- 
son, dau. of Samuel Stetson (22). She d. Julv 12, 1850, aet. 75. 
He d. March 12. 1828. Lived east of Wasliington street near 
Martin Church liouse. 

Children born in Hanover : 
i. Timothy, Sept. 20, 1797, drowned in North river, May 
2, 1815. 

4. ii. William, Dec. 19, 1799. 

5. iii. Samuel S., bap. Julv 4, 1802. 


6. iv. Martin, bap. 1805. 

V. Elizabeth E., bap. Sept. 18, 1808; d. imm., July 28, 

vi. Lucy, 1809; d. July 4, 1812. 
vii. Harvey, 1816; d. May 14, 1818. 
viii. An infant; d. Jan. 22, 1820. 

4. William (s. of TimothyS) ; m. July 29, 1821, Lucy B. Syl- 
vester, dau. of Robert Sylvester (16). She d. Feb. 15, 1858, and 
he m. secondly, Jan. 5, 1859, Mary J. Mann, dau. of David 
Mann (13). He d. Nov. 24, 1881, and his wid. d. Nov. 13, 1901. 
Tanner by trade. Selectman. Constructed and resided in house 
now owned and occupied by Charles S. Stetson, on Hanover street. 

Children born in Hanover: 
i. Lucy W., Nov. 21, 1824; m. Joseph B. Sylvester (24). 

7. ii. William, Oct. 15, 1827. 

iii. Eliza M., Feb., 1835; m. Feb. 10, 1859, Horace M. Bil- 
lings, s. of Adam Billings. Resided in Springfield. 

i. Lucy F., Apr. 8, 1861 ; d. in infancy, 
ii. Lucy B., June 29, 1862 ; m. Jan. 14, 1885, Clar- 
ence S. Lieutwieler. 
iii. Annie M., May 12, 1864. 
iv. Hannah S., Nov., 1837; m. Apr. 13, 1856, William S. 
Winslow, s. of William Winslow, of S. Scituate. 
He d. Apr. 13, 1878, and his wid. d. Aug. 30, 1885. 
Child born in South Scituate: 

i. Charlotte E., Nov. 30, 1859; m. May 1, 1887, 
Walter C. Barnard, s. of Charles D. Barnard, of So. 
Scituate. No ch. 

5. Samuel S. (s. of Timothy^) ; m. first, Dec. 14, 1828, Sarah E. 
Sylvester, dau. of Robert Sylvester (16). She d. Dec. 28, 1850, 
and he m. secondly, May 8, 1854, Jane Bates, wid. of Silas G. 
Bates, who was s. of Thomas 0. Bates (41), and dau. of Joseph 
Briggs (3). He d. May 7, 1883, and his wid. d. Apr. 6, 19nL 
Jlesided on Washington St., in house now owned by Willie S. 
Packard, and on the same spot on which stood the Jonathan Pratt 
House, which was taken down by Mr. Church, at the time the pres- 
ent house was built in 1832. 

Children by wife Sarah E., born in Hanover : 

8. i. Samuel H., Sept. 15, 1830. 

9. ii. Timothy, Oct. 3, 1832. 

iii. Juletta S., Jan. 12, 1834; m. Turner Stetson (41). 

iv. Sarah E., Apr. 28, 1836; d. Aug. 12, 1901. 

V. Mary A., Nov. 5, 1838; m. Melzar C. Bailey (40). 
10. vi. Robert S., Jan. 18, 1842. 

vii. Benjamin, Jan. 25, 1844; m. Sept. 25, 1868, Sarah E. 

Pratt, dau. of John S. Pratt of Hanson. She was 
born in Hanson, March 15, 1847. He d. Dee. 22, 


1889, and his wid. m. Clarence F. Brown (1). No 
viii. Alice 11., Oct. 6, 1850; d. Mar. 10, 1851. 

6. Martin (s. of Timothy'*) ; m. Dec. 12, 18:52, Caroline St^'tson, 
dau. of Edward Stetson (34). She d. June 18, 1883, and he d. 
Sept. 29, 1895. Resided on Washington St., in the house built 
by himself about 1840, on the spot where stood the house of 
Othniel Pratt. 

Children born in Hanover: 
i. Mary B. E., Nov. 26, 1838; m. (Jeorge I. McLuuth- 

Im (1). 
ii. Hannah M., Jan. 1, 1844; m. Tarker W. Cushing (2). 

7. William (s. of William'*) ; m. Nov., 185G, Betsey B. Wilson, 
dau. of Elisha C. Stetson (43). Tie d. Sept. 30. 1864, and his 
wid. m. J. Harrison Porter. Resided on Hanover street, near his 
father's house. 

Children born in Hanover: 
i. William E., Jan. 27, 1858; d. Feb. 15, 1858. 
11. ii. Frederick W., July 3, 1859. 

iii. Lucy S., Aug. 26, 1861; d. unm. June 7, 1882. 

8. Samuel H. (s. of Samuel S.^) ; m. July 14, 1861, Ellen C. 
Gardner, dau. of Thomas J. Gardner (2). For many years an 
anchor smith. Selectman. Resides on Mill street. See chapter 
on "Old Houses." 

Children born in Hanover: 
i. Edward G., July 20, 1868; d. Mar. 11, 1876. 

9. Timothy (s. of Samuel S.^) ; m. Jan. 1, 1853, Frances E. 
Tirrell, dau. of Jared Tirrell of Weymouth. Pie d. Aug. 15, 3889, 
and his wid. d. Apr. 14, 1906. 

Children : 
i. Lucinda E., Mar. 13, 1854; m. Ann. 31, 1874, Ix.well 

R. Thomas Ch: 

i. Parker E., Aug. 22, 1876. 

ii. Zoe E., Apr. 4, 1883. 
ii. Burton F., Dec. 27, 1864; m. June 13, 1889, Carrie 

W. Niekerson. Ch : 

i. Lowell B., May 20, 1894. 

ii. Evelyn A., Nov. 23, 1897. 

iii. Ethel F., July 6, 1899. 

10. Robert S. (s. of Samuel S.^) ; m. June 7. 1864, Saba D. 
Estes, dau. of William Estes (18). He d. Nov. 21, 1891. Served 
in Civil War. Resided on King street, where his wifl. now re- 
sides. See chapter on "Old Houses." 

Children born in Hanover: 
i. Everett B., July 6, 1866; m. Oct. 8. 1891, Annie M. 
Culver, dau. of Albert Culver of Rockland. She 
was b. Sept. 23, 1867. 


12. ii. Eugene I., Nov. 4, 1868. 
iii. Effie S., Feb. 23, 1876. 

Joseph Wasliington, colored, b. in North Carolina, in 
1857, d. in H., in 1881, lived in the family of Robert 
S. Church. 

11. Frederick W. (s. of William"^); m. first, Minnie Murray; 
secondly, Dec. 14, 1881, Emma M. Eamsdell, dau. of Joseph 
Eamsdell, and gr. dau. of Joseph Briggs (3). She d. Feb. 9, 
18!:t6, and he d. Feb. 29, 1892. 

Child by wife Minnie: 
i. Alice G., Feb. 14, 1880; m. Sept. 14, 1904, Joseph 
F. Merritt, s. of Joseph Merritt, of Norwell. Ch: 
Joseph F., b. in Norwell, Oct. 9, 1905. 
Children by wife Emma M. : 
ii. Joseph W., b. in Pembroke, Aug. 7, 1884. 
iii. Arthur B., b. in Pembroke, July 15, 1886. 
iii. Ethel S., b. in Pembroke, Feb. 6, 1890. 

12. Eugene I. (s. of Ptobert S.^^) ; m. Sarah L. Poole, dau. of 
Charles H. Poole of Rockland. She was b. June 17, 1867. Re- 
sides on King street, in his mother's house. 

Children born in Hanover: 
i. Stella M., Aug. 14, 1895. 
ii. Evelyn I., Dec. 20, 1897. 
iii. Robert S., Mar. 30, 1899. 


1. George N. (s. of George H. of Pembroke) b. in Pembroke, Dec. 
20, 1857; m. Mar. 22, 1895, Minnie A. Coates, dau. of David 
Coates. She was b. in New Brunswick, Oct. 5, 1876. Resides 
in the "Hiram Gardner" house, corner of Mill and Washington 

Children born in Hanover : 

i. G. Orville, Sept. 18, 1897. 

ii. Elwin D., May 17, 1900; d. Mar. 14, 1902. 


1. Lewis C. (s. of David F.) b. Sept., 1816; m. Sept. 15, 1837, 
Angeline Bates, dau. of Calvin Bates (32). She d. Mar. 17, 
1860. and he d. Dec. 9, 1866. Resided on Winter street. 

Children born in Hanover : 
9. i. Lewis A., Mar. 29, 1839. 

ii. Amelia F., Jan. 25, 1841 ; m. Dec. 28, 1861, Augustus 
P. Barstow, of West Duxbury, s. of Lewis Barstow. 
She d. Apr. 24, 1862. 

2. Lewis A. (s. of Lewis C.i) ; m. Sept. 8, 1873, Sarah E. Mun- 
roe, dau. of Hiram Munroe (1). She d. May 19, 1895. Re- 
sides on Spring street. 


Children born in Hanover : 
3. i. Wilbur L., Sept. 18, 1874. 

ii. Amelia C, Oct. 13, 1876; m. Hiram H. Howland (1). 

3. Wilbur L. (s. of Lewis A.^) ; m. Feb. 2, 1893. Abbie F. Pier- 
son, dau. of Ezra F. Pierson. Slie was b. in Carver, Dec. 3, ]873_ 
Children born in Hanover, except Robert L. b. in Norwell : 

i. Sarah E., May 24, 1895. 

ii. Arthur W., x\pr. 21, 1897. 

iii. Eva F., Apr. 17, 1899. 

iv. Eobert L., Apr. 5, 1902. 


1. Edward (s. of Samuel) of Abington; m. Dec. 24, 1891. Edith 
P. Mann, dau. of Everett N. Maim (18). 
Children born in Hanover : 

i. Everett A., Dec. 2, 1892. 

ii. Velma L., Nov. 19, 1895. 


1. Job (s. of Job of Plymouth) ; m. Nancy J. Stetson, wid. of 
Martin T. Stetson (1) and dau. of Major Joshua Mann (12). He 
d. Apr. 11, 1882, aged 70 yrs. She d. Feb. 9, 1902. No children. 
Resided on Centre street. 


1. George A. (s. of Allen), b. in S. Scituate, Jan. 11, 1849; m. 
Aug. 25, 1880, Abby A. Stetson, dau. of John Stetson (39). He 
d. June 18, 1899. Resided while in Hanover on Broadway. His 
widow now resides in Newtonville, Mass. Was pi'esident of E. H. 
Clapp Rubber Co. 

Children born in Hanover: 

i. Geo. A., Feb. 25, 1883. 

ii. John S., Nov. 28, 1884. 

iii. Antoinette W., Sept. 21, 1894. 


1. George J. J. (s. of William S. of P. E. I.) b. in P. E. I., in 
1866. Came to H. in 1901. President of "National Fireworks 
Co." m. Sep. 7, 1898, Amelia Grossman of Rockland. She wa» 
born in P. E. I. Resides on King St., near tlie Fireworks Plant. 
Children : 

i. Oliver F., June 26, 1899. 

ii. George L., Jan. 29, 1901. 

iii. William M., b. in H., Nov. 30, 1902. 

iv. Stanley H., b. in H., Jan, 11, 1904. 



1. Allen F. (s. of William S. of P. E. I.), b. in P. E. I., June 
9, 1875. Came to H. in 1904; m. Nov. 8, 1904, Grace A. Cham- 
bers, of Newport, N. S. She was b. in 1885. 
Ch. born in Hanover: 
i. Alma C, Dec. 17, 1905. 


1. John H. (s. of Walter H.), b. in H., Oct. 13, 1880; m. Nov. 
27, 1902, Mary E. McAuliffe, dau. of John L. McAuliffe. She was 
b. in Pembroke, Apr. 23, 1884. 
Ch. born in Hanover : 
i. Clara H., June 15, 1906. 


1. Silas (s. of Almorin of Braintree) ; m. Charlotte A. Stevens 
of Cambridgeport. She d. in H. Sept. 12, 1878. He d. in Rock- 
land, Jan. 20, 1892. 
i. Clara A., b. Dec. 29, 1848; m. Henry W. Wliiting (1). 
Two grand ch: i., Alonzo E., b. 1865; m. Dec. 25, 1903, Lydia A. 
D. Whitmarsh, dau. of Samuel Whitmarsh, and ii., Frank. 


1. Thomas, came from Plymouth to Scituate in 1674. His farm 
was on the w. of Walnut Tree Hill, adjoining that of Cornet Buck. 
He m. Martha Curtis in 1676, dau. of Richard Curtis of Scituate. 

Children : 

2. i. Thomas, and ten others. 

2. Thomas (s. of Thomas^) ; m. first in 1705, Alice Rogers, dau. 
of John Rogers (3). She d. abt. 1719. He m. secondly, ^lice 
Parker, and moved to Rochester in 1731. 

Children by wife Alice, all bap. May 3, 1719 : 

3. i. John, and others. 

3. John (s. of Thomas^) ; m. Abigail Tolman of Scituate, who 
d. in H. a wid., Aug. 21, 1789, aet 58 yrs. Shipwright by trade. 
Lived near where Mrs. Harraden now resides on Washington 
street, in a house 2 stories in front, sloping back nearly to the 

Children born in Hanover : 
i. Hannah, d. in H., unm., Apr. 15, 1810, aet. 88 yrs. 
ii. Ruth, m. James Blankenship of Rochester in 1747. 

4. iii. Nathaniel, 1731? 

iv. Ellrane or Eleanor, d. unm., May 15, 1809, aet. 77 yrs. 
V. John, was in the Revolutionary War, and d. at West 

Point; m. and left ch. who moved to Rochester, 
vi. Benjamin. 


vii. Lydia, m. Aug. 3, 17G0, Joshua Barker, oT Kochester. 

5. viii. Belcher. 

ix. Abigail, m. a Bolles of Eochester? 

X. Sage, m. Mar. 3, 1769, Josiah Mann Jr., of Scituate. 

4. Nathaniel (s. of John^) ; m. Nov. 17, 1763, Alice Healy. He 
d. in 1814, aet. 73 yrs., and his wid. d. Jan. 11, 1818, aet. 75 yrs. 
Ship carpenter by trade. Lived on east side of Washington street, 
opposite end of Hanover street, in the house for many years oc- 
cupied by Henry Bates. 

Children born in Hanover : 
i. John; m. a Roberts. Eesided and d. in Plymouth, 

leaving ch. 
ii. Nathaniel. Eesided in Plymouth and Eochester. 

6. iii. Benjamin H. 

■ iv. Alice; m. July 17, 1796, Levi Caswell, who d. in Me. 
Moved to Leeds, Me. Had 11 ch. 
V. Chloe M.; m. Jabez Studley (7). 

5. Belcher (s. of JohnS) ; m. first, June 37, 1771, Ann Wade, 
who d. abt. 1781 ; m., secondly, Aug. 4, 1783, wid. Sarah Perry, 
dau. of Nathaniel Josselyn (8). Ship carpenter by trade. It is 
said that he was in the Eevolutionary War abt. 8 mos. He d. Oct. 
17, 1836, aet. 84 yrs., and his wid. d. abt. 1831. Eesidence same 
as his father's. 

Children : 
i. Silvia; d. Mar. 30, 1799, aet. 35 yrs. 
ii. Barnabas, d. unm., aet. 49 yrs. 

7. iii. Joseph W. 

8. iv. Zebulon, Aug. 4, 1780. 
Children by wife Sarah : 

v. Euth, bt. June 81, 1795; m. Alpha Tribou, and d. in 

Abington abt. 1846. 
vi. Sarah, bt. June 21, 1795; m. a Sampson. 
vii Eeuben, bt. June 31, 1795; d. unm. 
viii. Francis, bt. June 31, 1795; m. and had ch. Eesided 

in Portland, Me. 
ix. David, bt. June 21, 1795; m. and had ch. Eesirled in 


6. Benjamin H. (s. of Nathaniel^) ; m. Oct. 10, 1803, Mary Neal. 
Moved to Marshfield. 

Children born in Hanover: 

i. Thomas G., Feb. 31, 1804. 

ii. Benjamin H., Mar. 28, 1805. 
' iii. Mary; m. Nathl. H. Whiting, of Marshfield. 
And others. 

7. Joseph W. (s. of Belcher^^) ; m. Beulah Bassett, of Kingston, 
who d. Oct. 19, 1847, aet. 67 yrs. Eesided on Broadway, near the 
end of Oakland avenue. 


Children born in Hanover: 

i. Ann W., Nov. 22, 1812; ra. Joseph C. Stockbridge 

ii. Joseph, July 5, 1815; m., hrst, Ann Caldwell, and 
secondly, Jennet Crook. Resided in Medford. 

iii. Elizabeth W., May 1, 1818; m. Levi Sturtevant (1). 

iv. Lydia B., July 14, 1821; m. Gad J. Bailey (27). 
y. V. Andrew, Nov. 3, 1824. 

vi. Sophia B., July, 1829; m., first, Dec. 11, 1853, Josiah 
Holmes, Jr., of Kingston, s. of Josiah Holmes. Ch., 
Nellie S.; d. Feb. IG, 1906, aged 45 yrs. He d. She 
m., secondly, Joseph W. Cudworth (1). 

10. vii. Henry, Nov. 3, 1832. 

8. Zebulon (s. of Belcher'*) ; m. in 1812, Christianna Josselyn, 
dau. of Isaac Josselyn. Was she a gr. dau. of Isaac Josselyn (12) ? 
Eesided on Broadway, near the Four Corners. Blacksmith, ship- 
wright, farmer, etc. He d. June 17, 1857, and his wid. d. April 
10, 1881, aged 90 yrs. 

Children born in Hanover: 
i. Almira, Dec. 20, 1813; m. Oct. 7, 1838, Amander 

Alden. Resided in Bridgewater. 
ii. George, Nov. 6, 1815; d. in Washington, N. C, aet. 27 

11. iii. Samuel, Sep. 7, 1817. 

iv. Charles H., July 27, 1819; m. Sarah Cook. Resided 
in Pembroke. Had ch., Sarah F., Charles C, 
Lomyra H. and Eliza H. 

V. liovisa. May 13, 1821; m. June 9, 1850, Alexander 
Alden of Abington. 

vi. William, Nov. 23, 1823; d. num., Mar. 9. 1903. 

vii. Priseilla, Jan. 10, 1826; m. George W. Eells (14). 

viii. Mary A., Nov. 23, 1828, unm. Resides in Whitman. 

9. Andrew (s. of Joseph W."^) ; m. first, Mar. 15, 1854, Sarah 
Briggs, dau. of Henry Briggs of South Scituate. She was b. Jan. 
5, 1832, and d. Apr. 23, 1863. He m., secondly, wid. Celia M. 
Keene, dau. of Wm. Lewis. She d. Nov. 10, 1881, and he m., 
thirdly in 1884, Jane C. McDougall. While in H. he resided on 
King street. He d. in East Bridgewater, Jan. 24, 1904, 

Children by wife Sarah, born in Hanover : 

i. George E., Aug. 9, 1859; d. Apr. 28, 1868. 

ii. Lucy B., Sept. 22, 1862; m. Edward F. Flls (1). 
Children by wife Celia M. : 

iii. Melvin 0., Aug. 31, 1867 ; unm. 

iv. George E., Dec. 4, 1869; d. Nov. 2, 1881. 

V. Herbert C, Dec. 3, 1870; unm. 

vi. Alice M., Sept. 22, 1874; m. Nov. 27, 3 895, Lawrence 
L. Gardner, s. of Benjamin Gardner of Pembroke. 

vii. Henry L., Juue 7, 1876; d. Aug. 15, 1876. 



viii. Waldo B., July 10, 1878; d. Oct. 13, 1878. 
Children by wife June C. : 
ix. Henry E., Jan. 7, 1885; d. May 14, 1890. 
X. Edith L., Jan. 19, 1891; d. Jan. 23, 1891. 
xi. Harold E., Apr. 10, 1893; d. 
xii. Arthur W., Oct. 10, 1896. 

10. Henry (s. of Joseph W."^) ; m. Nov. 12, 1856, Ann E. Hatch, 
dau. of John Hatch (18). He d. in Kockland, Feb. 8, 1876. 

i. Nellie E., Sep. 19, 1857; d. Dec. 4, 1873. 
ii. Frank B., Dec. 8, 1862; m. May 27, 1882, Abbie P. 
Bennett of Ct. Resides in Eockland. Have one 
child, Edna M., b. June 6, 1886. 

11. Samuel (s. of Zebulon^) ; m. Jan. 8, 1845, Lydia S. Eells, 
dau. of Edward Eells (10). She d. Apr. 22, 1897. Eesided in 

Children : 
i. Sarah E., d. Sept. 1, 1848. 
ii. Mary S. 

iii. Infant, d. May 10, 1849. 
iv. Sarah L. 
V. Samuel H., d. May 10, 1863. 


1. Fred B. (s. of James, of Norwell) ; m. first in 1895, Elizabeth 
F. Keene, dau. of Charles H. Keene (1). She d. Jan. 30, 1899, 
and he m. secondly, Effie A. Cummings, dau. of Edwin Cummings 

Child by wife Lizzie F., born in Hanover: 

i. Howard L., Mar. 4, 1896. 
Child by wife Effie A. : 

ii. Stanley C, b. in Rockland, May 1, 1901. 

iii. Lester F., b. in Norwell, Oct. 15, 1902. 


1. J. Arthur (s. of James, of Norwell) ; m. in 1896, Elizabeth 
H. Winslow, dau. of Frederick R. Winslow (10). 
Children born in Hanover: 

i. Irving B., May 4, 1897. 

ii. Sumner H., Nov. 24, 1898. 

iii. Bernice E., Feb. 27, 1906. 


1. John A. (s. of Alfred), b. in Plymouth, May 1, 1843; m. 
June 20, 1875, Ella F. Josselyn, dau. of George R. Josselyn (42). 
He d. Dec. 3rd, 1905. Resided on King street, in house now oc- 
cupied by George J. J. Clark. 


Children born in Hanover : 
2. i. Eldon F., Apr. 12, 1878. 

ii. George E., Apr., 1888 ; d. June 5, 1888. 

2. Eldon F. (s. of John A.^) ; ni. in 1900, Emma S. Corlew, dau. 
of Francis A. Corlew (1). Eesides on Circuit street, in house 
constructed by himself, near West Hanover station. 
Child born in Hanover : 
i. Lida F., Jan. 4, 1901. 


1. Charles S. (s. of Thomas), b. in Plymouth, Dee. 25, 1858; m. 
Jan. 4, 1880, Angeiine S. Tripp, dau. of Josiali B. Tripp of New 
Bedford. She was b. July '23, 1857. 

Children : 

2. i. T. Frank, b. in Middleboro, Oct. 20, 1880. 

3. ii. Harry B., b. in H., May 4. 1887. 

2. T. Frank (s. of Charles S.^) ; m. Nov. 23, 1904, Grace M. 
Dickinson, dau. of Cbarlcs Dickinson. She was b. Sept. 26, 1882. 

Child born in Hanover : 
i. C. Malcolm, Aug. 29, 1906. 

3. Harry B. (s. of Charles S.^) ; ra. in 1908, Gertrude Mae- 
Kenzie, dau. of Edward MacKenzie of Nova Scotia. 

Child born in Hanover: 
i. Sumner B., May 31, 1909. 
1. Cornelius (s. of John), b. in Ireland; m., first, Catherine 
Noon, in England; m., secondly, July 14, 1880, Ann M. McEnroe, 
dau. of Michael McEnroe (1). Came to H. in 1861. Eesides on 
Webster street, near London bridge. 
Children by wife Catherine : 
i. Mary A., b. in Englaml, Sept. 16, 1860; m. Charles 

Douglas. Ch., Hazel, 
ii. John E., b. in H., May 23, 1873; m. and has no ch. 
iii. Maurice J., b. in H., Feb. 26, 1875; m. and has three 
Children by wife Ann, born in Hanover: 
iv. K. Elizabeth, Apr. 17, 1881. 
v. Micliael J., May 4, 1883. 

vi. Margaret A., Dec. 1, 1884; m. July 13, 1904, John 
Crowley, s. of Timothy Crowley, of Rockland. Ch., 
vii. Nellie L., Aug. 14, 1886. 
viii. Sarah A., Apr. 28, 1889. 


1. Michael (s. of John), b. in Ireland; m. Mary McEnroe, dau. 
of Michael McEnroe (1). She d. ]\Iay 9, 1883. Eesides on Web- 
ster street. 


Children boru in Hanovor, except Frances, born in Abiugtou : 
i. Frances, Dec. 2o, 1864; m. Jan. 1, 1887, Fred Thomp- 
son, s. of Luke Thompson of Abington. Ch : 

i. William H., b. in Abington, June 2b, 1887. 

ii. Burton E., b. in Wovmouth, July .29, 1889. 

iii. Alice L., b. in Abington, Jan. 7, 1892. 

iv. Charles L., b. in Abington, Jan. 29, 1894. 

V. John A., b. in Abington, Dec. 20, 1897. 

vi. Joseph S., b. in Abington, Sept. 28, 1901, and d. 
Dec. 20, 1901. 

vii. Kalph M., b. in Abington, Feb. 12, 1901. 
ii. Hannah F., Sept. 27, 18GG ; m. Daniel McKcuuey, s. 

of Daniel McXennev of llingham. Ch : 

i. Carl. 

ii. Elizabeth, 
iii. Mary E., July 20, 18G8 ; d. Aug. 22, 18G8. 
iv. Lucy J., 1870; m. Feb. 11, 1896, Edward E. Brewster, 

s. of Charles E. Brewster. Ch : 

i. Francis. 

ii. Alexander C. 
V. Jolm J.. Feb. 26, 1872; d. Jan. 11. 1891. 
vi. Michael H., Jan. 19, 1874; unm. 
vii. Mary T., Nov. 15, 1875: ui. Jan. 10. 1901, Edward J. 

Flynn, s. of James Flyun oi' Rockland. One ch d. 

viii. Margaret C. Julv 7. 1877. 
ix. NelHe J., Oct. 19, 1879; d. Aug. 20, 1886. 
X. . William A.. Mar. 28, 1882 : d. Sept. o, 1882. 


1. Morris (s. of John), b. in Ireland; m. Catherine Burke, dau. 
of Tiiomas Burke. She was b. in Ireland and d. in 1907. He d. 
Nov. 24, 189(i, aged i^^ vrs. Resided on North street. She d. 
Jan'y 19, 1907. 

Children born in Liverpool, Eng. : 
i. Cornelius J., d. aged abt. 21 yrs. Scv. ch. d. young. 


1. Cornelius H. F. (s. of James J.), b. in Charlestown, Mass., in 
1871 ; m. Nov. 24, 1895, Helena M. Brecn. dau. of John Breen. 
She was b. in Ireland, April 3rd, 1872. 
Children : 

i. Mary A., b. in rend)roke. Aug. 15, 1896. 

ii. Hubert F.. b. in PiMubroke. Feb'v 24, 1898. 

iii. Alice E., b. in II., Sept. 16, 1902. 

1. Patrick (s. of ) ; ni. first, Margaret Maloney, dau. of 


James Maloney of Ireland. She d. Dec. 18, 1888, aged 55 yrs., 
and he m., secondly, Hannah Hart of Ireland. He d. May 17, 
1907. Eesided on Webster street, the last of his life, near London, 

Children born in Hanover : 

i. Hannah M., Jan. 17, 1860; d. June 27, 1885. 

ii. Ellen W., Feb., 1862 ; d. Aug. 8, 1881. 


1. John H. (s. of James), b. in Canterbury, England, May 13, 
1843; m. Oct. 11, 1862, Betsey E. Harlow, dau. of Asa Harlow 
(1). He d. in Kockland, June 25, 1907. 
Children born in Hanover: 
i. Grace E., Sept. 1, 1865; m. 1st, Otis Eand of Hanson; 
m. 2d, Charles Glover, of Quincy. Children by first 
husband : 

i. Claude, b. in Eockland, June 19, 1885. 
ii. Ethel, b. in No. Abington, May 24, 1887. 
ii. Lillian M., Apr. 19, 1867; m. 1st, George I. Lothrop,. 
s. of Ozen, of H. ; m. 2d, Stanley Ellis, of Nan- 
tucket. Now resides in Seattle, Washington. Child 
by first husband, born in Eockland : 
i. Lyle, Jan. 30, 1887. 


1. Joseph A. (s. of Andrew of Duxbury), b. Sept. 1834; m. first, 
Maria Jones of Nova Scotia, who d. Mar. 30, 1874. He m. sec- 
ondly, June 3, 1880, Mary E. Bowker, wid. of Luther Bowker, and 
dau. of Joseph Brooks (9). She d. Mar. 25, 1888, and he d. June 
29, 1901. 

Children by wife Maria; the first two were born in Charles- 
town, Mass., the others in Pembroke: 
i. Agnes J., July 13, 1861; unm. 
ii. Almira E., June 3, 1863; m. Edwin F. Buffum, s. of 

Samuel F. Buffum (1). 
iii. Susan H., July 10, 1865; d. Jan. 18, 1878. 
iv. Josephine, Feb. 13, 1867; m. Oct. 31, 1886, Chester B. 

Perry of Hanson, 
v. Arabella C, July 30, 1869; d. Dec. 30, 1869. 
vi. Mabel, June 5, 1871; d. Aug. 9, 1871. 
vii. Sarah E., June 5, 1871; d. Aug. 21. 1871. 
viii. Hattie E., Dec. 29, 1872 : d. Aug. 4, 1873. 
ix. James A., Dec. 29, 1872 ; d. Jan. 28, 1878. 


1. Francis (s. of Eoswell), b. in Vermont, Jan. 20, 1829; m. 
Nov. 23, 1851, Mahala Tower, dau. of David Tower (1). He d. 
Apr. 2, 1906. Served in Civil War. Eesided on Spring street, 
where his widow now resides. 


Children born in Hanover: 
i. Rosanna M., Sep. 28, 1852; m. Elijah W. Sylvester 
3. ii. Francis E., June 7, 1858. 

iii. Mary D., Dec. 7, 1862; m. Arthur Wheeler, s. of El- 
bridge Wlieeler, of Rockland. He d. No ch. 
V. Leona A., June 7, 1870; m. William S. Sampson (1). 
vi. George L., Mar. 23, 1874; d. May 1, 1883. 

2. Francis R. (s. of Francis^) ; m. in 1882, Lucy F. Bates, dau. 
of George H. Bates (1). She d. Aug. 6, 1904. 
Children born in Hanover: 

i. Wallace R., May 22, 1883. 

ii. E. Harlan, Oct. 28, 1884. 

iii. Roy M.. Jan. 22, 1886. 


1. Francis A. (s. of Joshua), b. in jSTewburyport, in 1843; m. 
Mercy E. Damon, dau. of Truman Damon. She was b. in Marsh- 
field, Nov. 15, 1849. He d. in H., Sept. 13, 1889. 
Children : 
i. Nellie, b. in Mai-shfield, Jan. 4, 1869; m. William C. 

Tower (6). 
ii. Mabel W., b. in Marshfield, Nov. 21, 1871; m. Lewis 

Josselyn (46). 
iii. Bertha F., b. in Marshfield, July 6, 1877; m. Chas. E. 
Fendell, and has children: Florus I., Chas. A., and 
Roger F. 
iv. Netty L., b. in Pembroke, Nov. 14, 1880; m. Jan. 11, 
1900, Thomas B. Keene, of Whitman, s. of Thomas 
Keene, and has children: Thelma M., A\is P., Ro- 
land B., and Stanley A. 
v. Emma S.. b. in Pembroke, Sept. 6, 1882 : m. Eldon F. 

Cole (2). 
vi. Eva D., b. in Pembroke, Nov. 24, 1886. 
vii. Charles H., b. in H., Dec. 31, 1887. 


1. Levi (s. of Robert of Scituate), b. June 20, 1742; m. Oct. 13, 
1769, Deborah Curtis, dau. of Thomas Curtis (24). Resided on 
Whiting St. Removed to Maine. Had several children. 

Child born in Hanover: 
2. i. Calvin, Feb. 16, 1775. 

2. Calvin (s. of Levi^) ; m. Patience Vinal of Marshfield. He 
d. Aug. 16, 1839. She d. July 15, 1862. Resided on Circuit St., 
near end of School St. 

Children born in Hanover: 
i. Lucy L., Mar. 17, 1808; m. Francis B. Ellis (11). 


ii. Calvin C, Aug. 4, 1813; d. May 23, 1814. 
3. iii. David, Mar. 16, 1816. 

3. David (s. of Calvin^) ; m. May 9, 1837, Phebe S. Pratt, who 
d. Nov. 5, 1841. He d. Sept. 19, 1877. Kesided in his father's 

Children born in Hanover : 
i. Phebe M., Dec. 7, 1838; m. first, Albert E. Bates (55) ; 

m. secondly, Charles B. Phillips (2). 
ii. Adeline, May 29, 1841; m. Erastus B. Winslow (8). 


1. Eufus (s. of John of Braintree), b. in Braintree, May 18, 1828. 
Came to H. Apr. 1, 1861; m. first, Sept. 24, 1850, Ann S. Brooks, 
dau. of Samuel Brooks (5). She d. Aug. 19, 1860. He m. sec- 
ondly, Dec. 17, 1864, S. Maria Curtis, dau. of William Curtis 
(68). She d. Mar. 2, 1894. He d. Aug. 11, 1904. Shoe manu- 
facturer. Resided on Main street, in house built by himself, now 
occupied by E. 0. Damon. 

Children by wife Ann S., all born in Braintree : 

2. i. R. Willard, July 1, 1851. 

3. ii. Horace S., Aug. 12, 1853. 

iii. Susan E., Feb. 4, 1856; m. James S. Prentiss (1). 
Children by wife S. Maria, all born in Hanover: 

iv. Sarah E., feh. 4, 1874. 

V. Edith M., Feb. 11, 1875; m. John F. Brooks (18). 

vi. Calvin, Oct. 21, 1877; m. March 11, 1903, Agnes G. 
Gooch, dau. of James Gooch of North Easton. Re- 
sides in Norwell. He d., 1910. 

2. R. Willard (s. of Rufus^) ; m. May 11, 1872. Elvira E. Whit- 
ing, dau. of Joshua S. Whiting {26). Resides on Broadway, near 
Hanover R. R. station, in a house built by himself. 

Children all born in Hanover: 

i. Annie B., Nov. 9, 1873; m. Jan., 1901, John K. Bar- 
ker, s. of Franklin of Three Rivers, Mass. Resides 
in Springfield. Ch: Franklin W., b. Nov. 13, 1905. 

ii. Laura D., July 5, 1875. 

3. Horace S. (s. of Rufus^) ; m. Nov. 24, 1875, Sarah E. 
Barker, dau. of Benjamin Barker, of Hanson. She was b. in 
Hanson, Feb. 24, 1854, and d. Mar. 9, 1895. He m. secondly, 
Jan. 31, 1897, Georgia Damon, dau. of Joseph B. Damon (6). 
Resides on Main street, in house in which Curtis Brooks resided. 

Children all born in Hanover : 
i. Ethel D., July 31, 1876. 
ii. Martha B., Feb. 7, 1880; d. Nov. 4, 1880. 

4. iii. John, June 9, 1883. 
iv. Rufus, Oct. 27, 1886. 

V. Ruth B., Jan. 29, 1890; d. Aug. 25, 1894. 
vi. Arthur F., Mar. 2, 1893. 


4. Jolm (s. of Horace S.-') ; ni. Dee. 24, 1906, Ethel E. Gardner, 
dau. of Jolm D. Gardner (1). 
Child born in Eockkmd : 
i. Harold S., Oct. 3, 1907. 


1. Daniel, was in H. in 1736; m. April 38, 1736, Mary Rams- 
dell, dau. of Samuel Ramsdell, and gr. dau. of Daniel Ramgdell 

Children born in Hanover : 

i. Lemuel, July 30, 1736. 

ii. Betta, Oct. 30, 173S; ni. Benjamin Bates (9). 

2. iii. Daniel, June 5, 1740. 
iv. Ensign, Feb. 6, 1742. 
V. Lazarus, Feb. 6, 1744. 

3. vi. Tilden, 1755. 

2. Daniel (s. of DanieU), probably m. in 1763, Abigail Studley, 
dau. of Joshua Studley (3). She d. Sept., 1779. 

Children : 

4. i. Ensign, 1770. 

And others, not connected with Hanover genealogy. 

3. Tilden (s. of Daniel^) ; m. Priscilla Barker of Pembroke, 
and d. Sept. 8, 1818, aet. 63 yrs. Ship carpenter by trade, and 
kept tavern for a time near the Four Corners, his house being 
now owned and occupied by Mr. Guth. . 

Children : 
i. Tilden (Capt.), June 1782; m. Jan. 16, 1837, wid. 

Dorothy Kilborn. Resided in Boston. 
ii. Nathaniel, Mar. 12, 1784; m. Mar. 9, 1808, Anne L. 

Smith, dau. of Albert Smith (4). Residetl in 

Charlestown. He d. Jan. 20, 1847. She d. Dec. 12, 

iii. Priscilla, Jan. 21, 1787; m. first, George Langley, Esq., 

and secondly, Rufus Farnum (1). 
iv. Mary C, Feb. 19, 1790; m. Benjamin Stoekbridge 

V. Sarah B., Nov. 14, 1794; m. David Stoekbridge (13). 
vi. Sylvia, Mar. 11, 1798; m. Feb. 1, 1820, Charles F. 

Thatcher of Machias, Me. 

4. Ensign (s. of Daniel^) of East Bridgewater; m. Hannah Mun- 
roe of Hanson. PTe d. in H. Jan. 7, 1853, and she d. in H. Apr. 
13, 1853, aged 81 yrs. 

Children born in East Bridgewater: 

5. i. Ensign, Feb. 4, 1807. 

ii. Deborah, July, 1815; m. Joseph Poole (1). 

iii. Elijah, m. Sarah, dan. of Ebed Vining of Abington. 

iv. Hannah, m. William Vininar. 


V. Mary, m. Adna Burrell of Eockland. 
vi. Abagail S., m. John Puffer (1). 

6. Ensign (s. of Ensign^) ; m. first, Dec. 24, 1828, Mary Bailey, 
dau. of Charles Bailey (13). She d. May 24, 1841, and he m., 
Becondly, Nov. 21, 1841, Sylvia Foster, dau. of Joseph Foster (1). 
He d. Jan 11, 1869, and his wid. d. June 22, 1885. Eesided on 
Whiting St. in the house built by Ezra Whiting and Caleb 
Whiting Jr. 

Children by wife Mary, born in Hanover: 

6. i. Charles E., Apr. 28, 1830. 

7. 11. Henry W., Jan. 8, 1832. 

ill. Mary E., Mar. 5, 1835 ; d. Oct. 6, 1845. 
Children by wife Sylvia born in Hanover: 

8. Iv. James F., Aug. 1, 1842. 

9. V. John H., Feb. 20, 1847. 

vi. Arthur C, May 11, 1857; d. Oct. 13, 1857. 

6. Charles E. (s. of Ensign^) ; m. Apr. 13, 1853, Viola G. Peter^ 
son, dau. of Benjamin Peterson of Paris, Me. Resides on Whiting 

Children born in Hanover: 
i. Mary L., Feb. 14, 1854; m. William E. Studley (31). 
ii. Ella M., Nov. 27, 1856; m. Clarence L. Morse (4). 
10. iii. Charles E., Oct. 29, 1858. 

iv. Cora B., Aug. 14, 1860; m. Dec. 31, 1879, Lewis M. 

Dill, s. of Charles Dill of Eockland, and d. Dec. 20, 

1883. Children born in Eockland : 

i. Edith, Aug. 5, 1881. 

ii. Carrie, July 31, 1883. 
V. Carrie E., d. Nov. 29, 1880, aet. 19 yrs. 
vi. Fred M., Apr. 28, 1869; d. Oct. 11, 1877. 

7. Henry W. (s. of Ensign^) ; m. Eoxa A. Whiting, dau. of 
Eleazer Whiting of E. Abington. Now resides in Eockland. 

Child born in Hanover : 
i. Enna W., Aug. 26, 1856; m. Oct. 7, 1874, Le Forest 
Wheeler of Rc^'kland. Ch. born in Eockland : 
i. Aileen K, Dec. 15, 1876; d. Nov. 22, 1882. 
ii. Lottie F., Oct. 23, 1885. 

8. James F. (s. of Ensign^) ; m. first, Nov. 24, 1867, Lucy L. 
Waters, dau. of Samuel Waters of S. Scituate, and gr. dau. of 
Stephen Jacobs (14). She was born in South Scituate. Oct. 6, 
1847, and d. Dec. 1, 1885. He ni., secondly, Feb. 13, 1887, Har- 
riet N. Lindsey, wid. of G. Frederick Lindsey, who was s. of 
Philander Lindsey (3). He d. Dec. 10, 1906. 

Children born in Hanover by wife Lucy L. : 
i. George F., Aug. 26, 1868; m. Oct. 19, 1902, Lena 
Sampson, dan. of Edward S;iin]).son of Eockland. 
No children. 


ii. Fannie M., July 18, 1875; m. Wallace H. Damon; (for 
history of this family see Anne R., dau. of Hiram 
Gardner (3) ). 
11. iii. Clifton L., Apr. 10, 1879. 

9. John H. (s. of Ensign^) ; m. Nov. 3, 1869, E. Melissa Penni- 
nian, dau. of John W. Penniman of S. Scituate. Now resides in 
Norwell, but resided for many years in his fathers house. 

Child born in Hanover: 
i. Lena A., Get. 19, 1877. 

10. Charles E. (s. of Charles E.*^) ; m. Laura J. Hinckley, dau. 
of D. B. Hinckley of Marlboro. 

Children born in Marlboro, except Hattie B., born in Hanover : 
1. Fred N., Dec. 3, 1884; d. Julv 17, 1885. 
ii. C. Burton, Sept. 24, 1887. 
iii. Edith M., Sept. 24, 1887; d. Sept. 27, 1888. 
iv. Hattie B., Apr. 7, 1889. 
V. Lillian R., July 10, 1892. 

11. Clifton L. (s. of James F.^) ; m. in 1901, Annie Spires, dau. 
of Robert D. Spires of Rockland. 

Children : 
i. Evelyn L., b. in Norwell, Mar. 27, 1902. 
ii. Lillian M., b. in H., June 13, 1903. 
iii. Lucy F., b. in Rockland, Dec. 13, 1906. 


1. Patrick H. (s. of Michael) b. in Ireland, Mar. 16, 1841; m. 
Aug. 1, 1858, Margaret G'Connell, dau. of Jeremiah G'Connell. 
She was b. in Wales, Aug. 15, 1841. Resided on Whiting street, 
near the schoolhouse for many years. 
Children : 
i. Margaret M., b. in E. Abington, in 1861; d. in 1865. 

2. ii. Michael T., b. in E. Abington, in 1863. 

3. iii. John T., b. in E. Abington, Apr. 28, 1865. 

iv. B. Agnes, b. in H., Mar. 5, 1867; m. John Hermson. 
Ch. b. in Rockland: 
i. Marguerite. 
ii. Harry. 

4. V. William H., b. in H., July 25, 1869. 

vi. Julia M., b. in H., Aug. 23, 1873 : d. Mar. 26, 1876. 

vii. P. Joseph, b. in H., Nov. 2, 1876; m. Sarah Sargent, 
dau. of Edward Sargent, of Rockland. No ch. Re- 
sides in Rockland. 

viii. J. Frederick, b. in H., June 27, 1881; m. Nov. 29, 1905, 
Ellen A. Shean, dau. of Timothy Shean, of Norwell. 

ix. George E.. b. in H., Aug. 5, 1883; d. Dee. 7, 1883. 


2. Michael T. (s. of Patrick H.i) ; m. Ellen Fleming, dau. of 
Edward Fleming, of Eockland. He d. 1888. 

Child born in Eockland : 
i. Emmie. 

3. John T. (s. of Patrick H.i) ; m. July 2, 1889, Grace L. Mc- 
Carthy, dau. of Simon McCarthy, of Eockland. 

Child born in Eockland : 
i. Karl, May 10, 1893. 

4. William H. (s. of Patrick H.^) ; m. Annie Costello, dau. of Ed- 
ward Costello, of Eockland. He d. 1892. 

Children born in Eockland : 
i. Sadie, 
ii. Mabel. 


1. Everett F., of Weymouth; m. April 28, 1901, Eleanor S. 
Mann, dau. of Caleb G. Mann (22). Eesides on Main street. No 


1. Almon T. (s. of Samuel, of Greenwood, Mass.) b. August 27, 
1845 ; m. March 21, 1867, Eliza J. Frost, dau. of Sumner Frost, of 
Norway, Maine. She was b. Aug. 25, 1847. Eesides on Webster 
street, near Assinippi. 

Children born in Norway, Maine : 

i. A. Eleanor, Sept. 21, 1868; m. and has ch. 

ii. Frances E., Nov. 17, 1871; m. and has oh. 


1. John G., b. in Grafton, N. H., June 18, 1855 ; m. first, June 
18, 1884, Mary H. Eaton ; m. secondly, Oct. 31, 1903, Mary A. Joy, 
dau. of John G. Kingsley. Served in Civil War. She was b. in 
Boston, Feb. 24, 1868. 

Children by first wife : 
i. Fred P., Feb. 26, 1885; m. Feb. 7, 1907, Ina B. Coy, of 

ii. Howard A., Jan. 1, 1890. 


1. John (s. of Elijah and a descendant of General James Cud- 
worth), b. in Scituate in 1831; m. Nov. 25, 1857, Mary Hersey, 
dau. of David Hersey (1). He d. Oct. 5, 1890, and she d. Oct. 10, 
1890. Eesided on Broadway, near the Hanover E. E. Station, in 
house now owned by Phillips, Bates and Co. 
Child born in Hanover: 
i. Mary F., July 17, 1859; m. first, Edwin S. Beal (2); 
m. secondly, Frank A. To\ver (5). 



1. Joseph W. (s. of Elijah and a brother of Jo{m), b. in Scituate, 
in 1827; m., first, May 13, 1854, Sarah J. Stetson, dau. of Joshua 
Stetson (33). She d. Nov. 12, 18'J2, and he m., secondly, Jan. 2, 
1895, Sophia B. Holmes, wid. of Josiah ilolnies, Jr., and dau. of 
Joseph W. Clark (7). He d. Apr. 26, 1904. Eesided near tbe 
Four Corners. No ch. 

Gen. James Cudworth was a noted man in the affairs of the 
Colony, distinguished alike for his modesty, patriotism, and 
freedom from bigotry. He fell under the displeasure of Gov. 
Prince, and the Court of Plymouth, for the stand which he took 
in favor of toleration, especially toward the Quakers. He was 
past seventy when he took the field in Phillip's War. Deane 
gives six interesting pages to his life and service. 


1. Edwin (s. of Adin M.), of Ashburnham, b. Oct. lU, 184!); m. 
June 13, 1874, Orra J. Bisbee, dau. of Lorenzo Bi^^bee (1). 
Children born in Hanover: 

i. AValter L., Oct. 6, 1875; d. Aug. 31, 1876. 

ii. Jennie M., Dec. 31, 1876. 

iii. Effie A., Aug. 1, 1880; m. Fred B. Cobbett (1). 

iv. Minnie A., Jan. 19, 1883; d. Feb. 21. 1888. 

V. Charles E., Aug. 23, 1888. 

vi. Annie M., June 12, 1894. 


An ancient English famil}^ (spelling their name Cnrteis) sett, in 
counties of Kent and Sussex. Stephen Curti- was of Appledore, 
Kent, abt. 1450, and several of his descts. were Mayors of Tenter- 
den, a town from which some of the first settlers, of Scituate, came. 

In 1590, William Curteis was Bailiff, of Tenterdon and, in 1597, 
Thomas Curteis was Bailift'. From 1600 to 1700, the offiee of 
Mayor, of Tenterden was filled for fully twenty years by persons 
of the name of Curteis; and, from 1700 to 1800, for more than 
twenty years, said office was filled by persons of the same name. 
Miss Alice Marian Curtis, dau. of John Curtis (70), visited Ten- 
terden in 1898, and we quote from a letter to her father, in which 
she describes it as a "high town, wide streets with trees and grass, 
and very pretty old houses setting back from the street. An old 
stone church, built in 1100 or thereabouts, and in the church yard 
lots of Cartels'. There is one tomb, where the sexton told me 
tliere were one hundred of the family. In the chapel were brass 
tablets, — in the wall, marble moiunnents, and slabs in the floor; 
all Curtis' or Curteis', different branches of the same family." 

William Curtis came to New England in the Lion, in 1632, and 
was of Boston in that year, and afterwards of Koxburv. He was 
the ancestor of George T. aiul Benjaman R., Esqrs. of Boston. It 
is said that William m. a sister of John Elliot, the apostle to the 


Indians. Richard, William and John Curtis were of Scituate in 
1643, and Thomas in 1649, who was of York, Me., and who re- 
turned there. John left no descts. on record. Deane says that 
this John had a house near Curtis Hill, which was burned by the 
Indians in 1676. (This house probably stood on Washington 
street in Hanover, near the end of Silver street, or between that 
and East street). A few of the descts. of Thomas are in Scituate 
and elsewhere, and more of the descts. of Eichard. The descts. of 
William are quite- numerous in Scituate, Hanover, and other 
towns in Massachusetts. When Hanover was incorporated, no 
family was so largely represented or owned so much of the terri- 
tory as did the Curtis ^family. 

1. William, (bro. of Richard and John) was in Scituate in 1643. 
We do not know the name of his w. or the date of his death. Re- 
sided on North river, next south of the Wanton farm, and was a 
member of the Second Church of Scituate. 

Children : 

2. i. Joseph, May, 1664. 

3. ii. Bcnjaman, Jan., 1667. 

4. iii. William, Jan., 1669. 

5. iv. John, Feb., 1671. 
V. Miriam, Apr., 1'673. 
vi. Mehitable, Dec, 1675. 
vii. Stephen, Sept., 1677. 

viii. Sarah, Aug., 1679; m. Aug. 30, 1705, William Cook. 

6. ix. Samuel, June, 1681. 

2. Joseph (s. of William^) ; m. Rebecca 

Children : 

Joseph, Mar. 23, 1694. 
Josiah, Apr. 5, 1697. 
Rebecca, May 9, 1699. 











Martha, Feb. 14, 1701; m. Benjaman Mann (3). 
Richard, Nov. 8, 1703.; prob. d. unm. in H. abt. 1766. 
Elisha, Feb. 20, 1705. 
Thankful, Jan. 17, 1708; m. a Collamore. 

10. viii. Jesse, Oct. 17, 1709. 
ix. Peleg, bt. Oct. 12, 1712. 

'3. Benjamin (s. of William^) ; m. in 1689, Mary Silvester, dau. of 
-Joseph Silvester (1), and according to Dean and Barry, built the 
Curtis Mill on the Third Herring brook, now owned by Samuel H. 
Church. It is certain that this Benjamin in 1716 was living in 
the house now standing on tlie corner of Main and Union streets, 
Hanover. Selectman. 
Children : 
i. Mary, Aug. 22, 1691; m. Oct. 28, 1723, ^felitiah Dil- 
lingham (1). 

11. ii. Benjaman, Dec. 14, 1692. 

12. iii. Ebenezer, Aug. 1, 1694. 


iv. Lydia, Feb. 27, 1G96; m. Joseph House. 

V. Sarah, Dec. 20, 1097; in. Jan. 7, 1725. Samuel Clapp^ 

vi. Kuth, Jan. 14, 1700; ra. Joseph Sopor, s. of Joseph 

Soper (1). 
vii. Susanna, Mar. 2:5, 1702; d. Apr. 11. 1711.. 
viii. Deborah, Aug., 1704. 
ix. William, July, 1706; m. Nov. 13, 17;VS. Martha Curtis,. 

dau. of Samuel Curtis (6), and had a eh: Anna, b.- 

May 19, 1748, who m. John (hirtis (;n). 

13. X. David, June 26, 1708. 

14. xi. Peleg, Sept., 1710. 

4. William (s. of William^) ; m. May 22, 1707, Rachell Stoder. 
Resided on Washington street, near the end of Silver street. 

Children : 
i. John, b., 1708. 

ii. Mary; m. May 17, 1727, Joseph Benson, of Hull. 
iii. Samuel, 1711, 

15. iv. William, 1714.^-" 

V. Eachel, 1717; m. Apr. 25, 1737, Nelieniiali White. 

vi. Elizabeth, 1722. 
Note. — While we have followed the line as given by Barry, it 
is quite certain, I think, that this William (4), instead of being 
son of William (1), was the son of Joliii, who was a sou of the 
first Richard, ^tpi^ 

5. Jolin (s. of William^) ; m. March 4, 1708, Experience Palmer,, 
dau. of John Palmer (1). His house stood on Washington street, 
a few rods N. W. of the Hiram Gardner Place. He d. abt. 1750. 

Children : 

16. i. John, Mar. 14, 1709. 

17. ii. Bezaleel, Sept. 9, 1711. 

iii. Susannah, bt. Oct. 16, 1714. 
iv. Elizabeth, bt. May 28, 1721. 

6. Samuel (s. of William^); m. Sept. 11, 1707. Anna Barstow, 
dau. of William Barstow (3), and according. t(» Deane, sett, on 
the paternal farm. He owned land in H., and was part owner of 
the first sawmill erected on Main street. 

Children : 

i. Samuel, June 24, 1708; m. Nov. 14. 1739, Hannah 
Whiting, dau. of Samuel Whiting, of Hingham, she 
d. Oct. 26, 1789, aet. 72, and he d. Mar. 24, 1794, 
aet. 86 yrs. No ch. Resided on Main street on 
the spot where Edward G. Brooks, now resides. 

ii. Anna, Apr. 14, 1711; d. Dec. 30, 1787. aet. 77 yrs. 

iii. Martha, Aug. 3, 1713; m. William Curtis, s. of Ben- 
jamin Curtis (3). 

.iv. Miriam, Jan. 1715-16. 

v. Deborah, Feb. 7, 1717-18. 


IS. vi. (Simeon, June 1, 1720. 

vii. Amos, July 15, 1722; m. in 1744, Mary Faunce, of 
Kingston. Resided in Scituate on the homestead, 
and d. in 1748, his wid. m. Nathaniel Church. 

viii. Mehitable, Sept. 9, 1726. 

7. Joseph (s. of Joseph^) ; m. first, Sept. 27, 1727, Mary Palmer. 
Was she the dau. of John Palmer (3) ?. She d. Apr. 9, 1760, and 
he m. secondly, Persis Stockbridge in 1751. He d. Dec. 31, 1753, 
and his widow m. Feb. 13, 1755, Daniel Tower, of Hingham, and 
died June 24, 1787, aged 80 years. Resided first on Union 
street, and then on Pleasant street. (See chapter on Old 
Houses). He was known as Governor Curtis. 

Children : 
i. Mary, Aug. 1, 1729; m. Marlboro Turner (1). 

ii. Joseph, Sept. 21, 1731; m. Abigail , and d. Aug. 

14, 1759, had ch: Joseph, 1754, and Seth, 1757. 
Did his wid. m. Marlboro Turner (1) ? 

19. iii. Joshua, Sept. 22, 1733. 

iv. Experience, July 28, 1735; d. June 25, 1738. 
V. Stephen, bt. July 15, 1739 ; d. May 11, 1817? 
vi. Thankful, Apr. 2, 1742; m. John Stetson (28). 

8. Josiah (s. of Joseph-) ; m. Jan. 1, 1729, Sarah Collamore, 
He d. in H., Feb. 26, 1777. Resided on Main street, north of 
Baptist church, and was an extensive land holder. Selectman. 

Children born in Hanover : 

20. i. Abner, bt. Apr. 25, 1730. 

ii. Rebecca, bt. Dec. 19, 1731 ; d. Mar. 10, 1732. 
iii. Seth, bt. Aug. 25, 1734; d. July 27, 1751. 
iv. Job, bt. Aug. 17, 1736. Resided on Main street, and 
d. unm., Apr. 6, 1804. 

9. Elisha (s. of Joseph^) ; m. first, Martha Damon, and secondly, 
Nov. 12, 1741, Sarah Chittenden, and seems to have lived in 
Scituate on the lane, now a highway, leading past Samuel H. 
Church's mill, and near said mill. 

Children by wife Martha: 
i. Mehitable, bt. May 18, 1735; d. young. 
31. ii. Elisha, bt. Apr. 3, 1737. 

iii. Zechariah, bt. Nov. 25, 1739; m. Jan. 21, 1762, Lydia 
Palmer, and had Zechariah, 1763, and Lydia, 1767. 
Children bv wife Sarah : 
iv. Mehitable; d. Aug. 10, 1744. 
V. Martha, bt. June 2, 1745. 
22. vi. Calvin, bt. Sept. 27, 1747. 
vii. Luther, bt. Apr. 9, 1749. 
viii. Mehitable, bt. Aug. 11, 1751. 

10. Jesse (s. of Josephs) ; m. Sept. 20, 1739, Sarah Mann, and d. 
in H., July 22, 1759. His wid. d. Nov. 17, 1802, aged 80 yrs. 


Eesided on Main street, in house for many years occupied by Kev. 
John Butler. (See chapter on Old Houses). 
Children born in Hanover: 
i. Elijah, April 16, 1740; d. Feb. 7, 1824. 
ii. Abel, March 21, 1742; m. Feb. 12, 1776, Rutli Turner, 
dau. of Jonathan Turner (18), and had ch : Abel, 
1777, Gideon, 1779, and Euth, 1784. 
23. iii. Jesse, March 27, 1744. 
iv. Deborah, April 17, 1746. 

V. Gershom, Feb. 1, 1748; m. first, in 1774, Tabitha 
Briggs, of Middleborough ; m. secondly in 1780, 
Mary Stetson, dau. of Robert Stetson (13). Re- 
moved to Maine. Had cli. b. in Hanover : Briggs, 
1776; Diana, 1777; Gershom, 1781; Turner, 1785, 
and Charles, 1787. 
vi. Sarah, Feb. 17, 1750; m. Henry Dillingham (1). 
vii. Charles, July 10, 1752. 
viii. Amos, Oct. 31, 1759; d. Mar. 8, 1808. 
ix. Orpha, Oct. 16, 1759 ; m. in 1807, Thomas Farrar. 

11. Benjamin (s. of Benjamin^) ; m, Dec. 13, 1716, Hannah 
Palmer, dau. of John Palmer (1), and d. in H., Feb. 21, 1756. 
Resided on Union street in the house owned and occupied for so 
many years by John Dwelley. (See chapter on Old Houses). 
Children born in Hanover : 
i. Benjamin, bt. Apr. 27, 1718 ; d. young. 
24. ii. Thomas, bt. Sept. 4, 1720. 
iii. Luke, bt. Mar. 11, 1722. 

iv. Hannah, bt. Mar. 1, 1724; m. Timothy Bailey (4). 
V. Caleb, bt. May 8, 1726; prob. m. Mercy Low, of Hing- 

ham, Oct. 30, 1752. 
vi. Nathaniel, bt. Mar. 31, 1728 ; d. previous to 1756. 
vii. Benjamin, bt. Oct. 4, 1730. 
viii. Rachel, bt. Oct. 4, 1730; m. Oct. 26, 1749, John Gould, 

of Bridgewater. 
ix. Mary, July 15, 1732; m. Dec. 25, 1751, William Gould, 

of Bridgewater. 
X. Relief, Oct., 1738. 

12. Ebenezer (s. of Benjamin^) ; m. Feb. 2, 1749, Elizabeth Ran- 
dall. He d. Mar. 6, 1753, and his wid. m. Jan. 3, 1761, Joseph 
Bates. Resided on Main street, near the Curtis school house. 

Children born in Hanover : 
i. Elizabeth, May 18, 1750; m. Solomon Bryant, of 
Plympton, and prob. d. Dec. 9, 1810. 
25. ii. William, Oct. 14, 1751. 

13. David (s. of Benjamin^) ; m. Dee. 14, 1732, Bethia Sprague, 
of Duxbury. Moved to Maine, and in 1755 he was of North Yar- 
mouth when he sold his Hanover farm to Joseph Soper. His six 
children were in Harpswell, Maine, in 1759. 


Children born in Hanover: 
i. Nehemiah, Jan. 3, 1733. 
ii. Ezekiel, Apr. 30, 1735. 
iii. Paul, May 29, 1737. 

IV. Michal, Apr. 30, 1739. 

V. David, Aug. 23, 1741. 
vi. Euth, July 31, 1743. 

14. Peleg (s. of Benjamin^) ; ni. abt. 1749, Experience Ford. 
Eesided in Scituate in house afterwards occupied by his s. Peleg. 

Children : 
i. Lucy; d. unm. abt. 1825. 
ii. Experience; m. Samuel Randall, of Scituate. 

26. iii. Peleg. 

iv. Bethia; m. James Gray (2). 

v. Thankful; m. Peleg Simmons, of Scituate. 

vi. Leafy; d. young. 

27. vii. Joseph; d. Jan. 12, 1766. 

15. William (s. of William^) ; m. Jan. 29, 1718, Margaret Pratt, 
dau. of Jonathan Pratt. He d. in Hanover, March 4, 173), and 
his widow m. James House, and d. October, 1745. It is possible 
that he resided on Main street the first of his life, but when 
he died his residence was Washington street, near the end of Silver 

Children born in Hanover: 
i. Abel, Nov. 24, 1719. 
ii. Joel, Aug. 14, 1721. 

28. iii. William, Aug. 27, 1724. 

iv. Margaret, Nov. 6, 1726; m. Dec. 24, 1746, Jolm Barnes, 
of Hingham. 

29. V. Keuben, Feb. 6, 1729. 

30. vi. Lemuel, Nov. 9, 1731. 

vii. Mehitable, Nov. 1, 1734; m. Mar. 31. 175r). Elijah Wa- 
ters, of Hingham. 

16. John (s. of John^^) ; m. first, Sept. 23, 1728, Abigail Waters, 
of Hingham; and m., secondly, June 29, 1732, Sarah Franklin, of 
Hingham, and m. thirdly, Nov. 6, 1738, Mary Bryant, of Scit- 
uate, who d. June 2, 1797, aet. 86 yrs., and he d. Mar. 23, 1799, 
aet. 90 yrs. Eesided on Main street, in the house now occupied by 
George W. Curtis. (See chapter on Old Houses). 

Children by wife Sarah, born in Hanover: 

i. Sarah, Mar. 16, 1733. 

ii. Miriam, Oct. 20, 1734. 

iii. John, May 6, 1737; d. young. 
Children by wife Mary, born in Hanover : 

iv. Betsey, Aug. 26, 1739; m. Adam Stetson, s. of Abijah 
Stetson (18). 

31. V. John, Jan. 2, 1741. 

vi. An infant; d. Apr. 23, 1743. 



17. Bezaleel (s. of John") ; m. in 1742, Mary Woodward, prob- 
ably dau. of Ebenezer. She d. Mar. 8, 1792, aet. 73 yrs., and he 
d. Apr. 26, 1792. He built house on west side of Washington 
street, a few rods s. of Mill street, long since torn down. 

Children born in Hanover: 
i. Susanna, June 8, 1744; m. Thomas Hatch (10). 

32. ii. Ebenezer, Sept. 28, 1745. 

iii. Mary, bt. Oct. 2, 1748; d. aet. 18. 

iv. Prince, bt. Apr. 1, 1750; d. Oct. 31, 1815. 

V. Experience, bt. Jan. 6, 1754; d. Jan. 7, same year. 

vi. Experience, bt. Apr. 13, 1755; d. Jan., 1842. 

vii. Elizabeth, bt. Oct., 1757; d. Dec. 9, 1810. 

viii. Paul, bt. Jan. 24, 1763; d. unm. 

ix. Nabby, bt. Sept. 9, 1764; d. Oct. 1, 1787. 

18. Simeon (Capt.) (s. of SamueP); m. first, Apr. 20, 1743, 
Asenath Sprague, of Duxbury, who d. Sept. 14, 1757; m. secondly, 
wid. Lucy Macomber, and d. Mar. 7, 1810. Resided in the T. 0. 
Bates house, west of Silver street. This house was long since 
taken down. A man of public affairs. 

Children by wife Asenath, born in Hanover : 
i. Simeon, July 4, 1743; d. Nov. 14, 1753. 

33. ii. Melzar, Apr. 17, 1745. 

iii. James, July 17, 1747; moved to Freeport, Me., was 
Representative to Massachusetts Legislature, from 
Maine. Ch : James, Simeon and others. 

iv. Asenath, Nov. 21, 1749; d. Nov. 3, 1753. 

V. Lusanna, Nov. 25, 1753; m. Elijah Stetson, s. of 
Abijah Stetson (18). 

34. vi. Simeon, Oct. 11, 1756. 
Children by wife Lucy : 

vii. Barker, bt. Nov. 18, 1759; d. Dec. 2, same year, 
viii. Lucy, May 4, 1761; d. Dec. 17, 1793. 
ix. Asenath, bt. June 19, 1763; d. July 1, same year, 
X. Mary, July 30, 1767; m. Job Young ( ?) 
xi. Barker, Nov. 11, 1769 ; moved to Me. Studied law with 
Benjamin Whitman, and had an office for a while at 
Assinippi, where Hiram Curtis lived. 

19. Joshua (s. of Joseph^) ; m. Dec. 17, 1761, Abigail House, 
and sett, in Abington, where he and his wid. both d. 

Children : 

i. Joshua. 

ii. Abigail; m. Ebed Vining, of Abington. 

iii. Rufus. 

iv. Joseph ; prob. lost at sea. 

V. Marlboro. 

vi. Leafy; m. Isaac Burrell. 

vii. Seth. 

20. Abner (s. of Josiah^) ; m. first in 1749, Deborah, or Rebecca 


Mann, dau. of Benjamin Mann (3), and secondly, July 3, 1766, 
Sally Ford, who d. May 2, 1795, aet. 64 yrs.; and m. thirdly Apr. 
6, 1799, wid. Phebe Dunbar (formerly a Howard). He d. in H., 
Sept. 18, 1799, aet. 73 yrs., and his widow m. Benjamin Mann (4). 
Mr. C. resided on Main street, north of the Baptist church. 
Children born in Hanover: 

35. i. Abner, 1754 (?). 

ii. Deborah; m. William Curtis (42). 

36. iii. Seth. 

iv. Huldah; m. Eells Damon (2). 

V. Rebecca; m. July 6, 1775, Stephen Damon, of Scituate. 

21. Elisha (s. of Elisha») ; m. first, Jan. 15, 1760, Elizabeth 
Studley, dau. of John Studley (2). She d. July 10, 1776; m. 
secondly, July 20, 1777, Elizabeth Church, who d. Nov. 15, 1795, 
aet. 55 yrs.; and he m. thirdly a wid. Macomber, of Marshfield. 
Eesided in Scituate near Gardner's Mill, also at the Tiffany place, 
and finally moved to jSTorth Salem, N. H. 

Children : 

i. Eeuben; ni. Hannah Barker, dau. of Thomas Barker, 
of Pembroke, and prob. d. Mar. 9, 1806, aet. 44 yrs. 

ii. Betty, bt. Apr. 15, 1764; m. Apr. 3, 1794, Thomas Ma- 
comber, Jr., of Marshfield. 

iii. Martha, bt. Oct. 19, 1766; d. unm. 

iv. Temperance; m. Nathaniel Stetson (31). 

V. Philip, bt. Aug. 12, 1776; d. same year. 

vi. Eebecca; m. Feb. 15, 1797, Elisha Barker, of Pem- 
broke, a son of Thomas Barker. 

vii. Elisha; m. Nov. 29, 1787, Hannah Curtis, dau. of 
Jesse Curtis (23), and went to North Salem in 
1802. Did his wid. m. a Sargent? 

viii. Lucinda, 1817; d. Jan. 21, 1840, aet. 23 yrs. 

22. Calvin, Capt. (s. of Elisha^) ; m. Martha Bryant, of Scit- 
uate, and resided on Mill street, where S. H. Church now resides. 
Officer in the Revolution. He d. Dec. 6, 1821. 

Children born in Hanover : 
i. Calvin, Oct. 23, 1777; moved to Camden, Me.; m. and 

d., leaving three sons. 
37. ii. Edward, Sept. 10, 1779. 

iii. James, May 21, 1781; m. Prudence Bird. Resided 

and d. in Charlestown, Mass. 
iv. Lebbeus, May 10, 1783; m. and resided in Charlestown. 

In army of 1812. 
V. Mary, Aug. 25, 1785; m. Joseph Tibbett, of Methuen. 
vi. Martha, Apr. 4, 1789 ; d. unm., Mar. 25, 1847. 

23. Jesse, (s. of Jesse^o) ; m. first, July 27, 1766, Hannah Peter- 
son, of Scituate, who d. Aug. 5, 1791; he m. secondly, Nov. 24, 
1791, wid. Lucy Morton, (formerly a Leavitt). He d. Dec. 13, 


1811, aet. 68 yrs. Eesided on Main street, north of Baptist 

Children born in Hanover: 
i. Hannah, Jan. 11, 1767; m. Elislia Curtis, s. of Elisha 
Curtis (21). 

38. ii. David, Jan. 22, 1781. 

39. iii. Jesse, Dec. 24, 1783. 

40. iv. Josepli, Feb. 12, 1786. 

24. Thomas (s. of Benjaman^^) ; m. first, Aug. 20, 1741, Sarah 
Utter, who d. Dec. 28, 1753; and m. secondly, Feb. 26, 1756, Fiuth 
Rose, dau. of Thomas Eose (3). She d. July 30, 1808, aged 73 
years. Eesided on Union street, in his fathers house. 

Children born in Hanover: 

. i. Hannah, 1742; d. June 14, 1748-49. 

ii. Deborah, bt. May 13, 1744; m. Levi Corthell (1). 

iii. Sarah, bt. Mar. 1, 1746-47. 

iv. Thomas, bt. June 10, 1749-50. 

V. Lydia, b. and d. 1754. 

vi. Faith, bt. Jan. 16, 1757. 

vii. Euth, 1759. 

viii. Hannah, bt. June 6, 1762. 

25. William (s. of Ebenezer^^) ; m. Apr. 21, 1774, Eebecca Gil- 
bert, of Kingston. He d. June 25, 1793, and his wid. m. Isaac 
Turner (22). Probably lived a few hundred feet east of Main 
street, on his father's place. 

Children born in Hanover: 
i. William G., bt. June 25, 1775; d. June 25, 1795. 
ii. Eufus, 1777; d. 1791. 
iii. Eebecca, bt. May 23, 1779; m. Mar. 2, 1797, Ozias 

"UTiiting. Was he s. of Ozias Wliiting (6) ? 
iv. Saba, bt. Sept. 16, 1787; m. Eichard Estes (8). 
V. Samuel, bt. July 4, 1790; d. Sept. 12, 1792. 

26. Peleg, (s. of Pelegi^) • m. Euth Bowker. Resided in So. 
Scituate, and d. June, 1834, and his wid. d. Dec. 14, 1845, aet. 86 

Children : 
i. Leafy, Mar., 1783; m. Stowers Clapp, and d. abt. 1803. 
ii. Philip, June 5, 1786; m. Sarah Everton, of Canton. 
41. iii. Stephen, Feb., 1792. 

27. Joseph (s. of Pelegi^) ; m. Feb. 1, 1808, Polly Bowker. Re- 
sided in South Scituate, near Third Herring brook, where he d. 
Nov. 7, 1834. 

Children : 
i. Leafy, Nov. 29, 1808; m. Joel Bowker, and resided in 

ii. Joseph, Aug. 10, 1810; d. Aug. 5, 1811. 


iii. Joseph, June 11, 1812; d. Nov. 14, same year. 

iv. Joshua, July 21, 1814; m. Frances M. Curtis, dau. of 

Seth Curtis (53). 
V. Peleg, Oct. 18, 1818; m. Abby S. Curtis, dau. of Seth 

Curtis (53). 
vi. Joseph, Jan. 4, 1822. 

28. William (s. of William^^) ; m. Nov. 13, 1747, Martha Mann, 
dau. of Benjamin Mann (3), and d. Jan. 11, 1759 (?) Select- 
man. Kesided on Main street, near where J. Warren Brooks lived. 

Children born in Hanover: 

42. i. William, Dec. 4, 1748. 

ii. Martha, Dec. 11, 1750; m. Feb. 16, 1772, John Barnes, 

Jr., of Hingham. 
iii. Abel, Aug. 10, 1752. 
iv. Joel, June 28, 1754. 
v. Samuel, May 24, 1756. 
vi. Margaret, June 28, 1758; m. Ezra Briggs (2). 

29. Eeuben (s. of William^^) . jj^^ Mary Eandall, dau. of Caleb 
Eandall ( ?) She d. Mar. 25, 1757, and he d. May 15, 1758. Re- 
sided on Washington street on his father's place. 

Children born in Hanover: 

43. i. Snow, bt. Aug. 10, 1755. 

30. Lemuel (s. of Williami^) ; m. Jan. 16, 1752, Ruth Mann, 
dau. of Benjamin Mann (3). He d. Jan. 11, 1807, and his wid. 
d. July 29, 1808. Owned part of Curtis Forge in H. Resided 
on Washington street, on the house lot of his father. Selectman. 

Children born in Hanover: 

' i. Lemuel, Apr., 1753; d. June 27, 1767, drowned in his 
father's mill pond. 

Ruth, bt. Dec. 21, 1755; d. June 28, 1790. 

Olive, bt. Apr. 8, 1759; d. July 14, 1798. 

Lillis, bt. Mar. 22, 1761 ; d. Nov. 5, 1776. 

Reuben, bt. Apr. 24, 1763. 

Consider, 1765. 

Sarah, bt. Apr. 30, 1769; d. Nov. 17, 1802. 

Lydia, bt. Jan. 6, 1771; d. unm. abt. 1838. 

Lemuel, June 6, 1772. 

Nathaniel, Sept. 14, 1777. 

31. John (s. of Johni6) ; m. Mar. 28, 1765, Anna Curtis, dau. 
of William Curtis and gr. dau. of Benjamin Curtis (3). She d. 
Jan. 14, 1823, aet. 75 yrs., and lie d. Sept. 26, 1799. Resided on 
Main street, just south of the house in which Joseph Dwelley re- 
sided. Selectman. 

Children born in Hanover: 
i. Deborah; d. unm. 

ii. Anne, bt. Deo. 14, 1766; d. Aug. 28, 1834. 
iii. Charlotte, bt. Jan. 3, 1768; d. Aug. 23, 1800. 















48. iv. John, 1770. 

V. William, bt. Apr. 24, 1774; d. July 3, 1800. 
vi. Alathea, bt. Oct. 27, 1776; d. June 9, 1777. 
vii. Alathea, bt. Dec. 20, 1778; d. Apr. 16, 1801. 
viii. Samuel, bt. July 25, 1784; d. Aug. 20, 1826. 
ix. Lucius, bt. May 29, 1791; moved to Me.; m. and had 

ch: A dau., Lydia A., m. John Q. Bailey (33). 
X. Mary. bt. Oct. 6, 1799; m. Thomas Brooks (6). 
xi. Christopher; moved to Me. and d. there. 
xii. Nathaniel ; moved to Me. ; m. and had ch. 
These last two were both born previous to 1799, as the father 
speaks of them in his will dated that year. 

32. Ebenezer (s. of Bezaleel^") ; m. Mary Kandall, of Scituate, 
who d. in Oct., 1800, and he d. Aug. 12, 1807. L. corner of Wash- 
ington and Mill streets. 

Children born in Hanover: 
i. Clarissa, bt. Aug. 16, 1778; m. Nathaniel Winslow (6). 
ii. Paul, bt. June 13, 1779; d. unni. 

iii. Michal, bt. June 16, 1786; m. Col. John Collamore, of 
Scituate, and had 12 ch. 

33. Melzar (s. of Capt. Simeon^^) ; m. 1771, Keziah Hall, dau. of 
Dr. Jeremiah Hall, of Pembroke. He d. Nov. 8, 1801, and his 
wid. d. Mar. 9, 1816. Eesided on Silver street, where Mrs. Emma 
J. Lucas now resides. Selectman, Representative and Town 

Children : 

i. Keziah, Aug. 25, 1771; m. Joseph Cushing (12). 

ii. Jeremiah, Feb. 25, 1776; d. Dec. 1, 1798. 

iii. Joanna, July 15, 1784; m. Dr. David Bailey, (16). 

iv. Lusannah, June 25, 1789; d. Apr. 16, 1790. 

V. Melzar, Feb. 3, 1774; d. Jan. 25, 1777. 

49. vi. Melzar, bt. July 12, 1778. 

vii. Asenath, May 8, 1781; m. George W. Bailey (15). 
viii. Laurentia, Feb. 4, 1787; d. May 4, 1790. 

50. ix. Luther, Apr. 20, 1791. 

34. Simeon (s. of Capt. Simeon^s) ; m. Dec. 13, 1791, Bathsheba 
Sylvester, and sett, in East Bridgewater, where he d. in 1837. A 
soldier in the Revolution. 
Children : 
i. Bathsheba, 1791; m. in 1815, Capt. Isaac Keith, of 

ii. Silvester, 1795; m. Heman Keith, of East Bridgewater. 
iii. Simeon, 1797. 

iv. Robert, 1799; m. Abby M. Bryant, dau. of Daniel 


Abner (s. of Abner20) ; m. Lydia Bowker, of Scituate, and d. 


Feb. 3, 1838, aet. 84 yrs., and his wid. d. in 1852, aet. 94 yrs. Re- 
sided on Main street, north of the Baptist meeting house, in the 
house now standing. 

Children born in Hanover: 

51. i. Davis, bt. Oct. 13, 1776. 

ii. Desire, Feb. 1, 177-8; m. Thomas Farrow, of Townsend, 

52. iii. Job. 

iv. Sally L. ; m. Levi Nash. 
V. Deborah; m. Isaac Wade (1). 
vi. Mary; m. David Vining (1). 

vii. Lydia ; m. first, July 8, 1804, Caleb Torrey, and second- 
ly, Daniel Bishop. 

36. Seth (s. of Abner20) ; m. Mar. 17, 1791, Persis Loring, of 
Hingham, and d. in June, 1812, and his wid. d. Oct. 1, 1835. Ee- 
sided first on Whiting street in house now occupied by Everett N. 
Mann, and then on Main street. 

Children born in Hanover : 

i. Lucy, Nov. 5, 1791; m. David Dunbar of Hingham; 
moved to Hudson, N, Y. Later returned to Boston, 
Mass., where Mr. Dunbar d. aged 93 yrs. 

ii. Eebecca, Feb. 16, 1793; m. Feb. 1, 1819, Ephraim Stet- 
son, of Abington. 

53. iii. Seth, Apr. 16, 1794. 

54. iv. Loring, Oct. 5, 1797. 

55. V. Abner, June 11, 1800; d. unm. May 1, 1882. 

vi. Hannah, Mar. 15, 1802; m. Mar. 4, 1821, Nathaniel 

Fiekett, of Abington. 
vii. Sophia, 1804; d. Feb. 13, 1808. 

55. viii. Enos, Jan. 31, 1807. 

ix. Sarah, Apr. 11, 1809; m. Edmund Shaw, of Abington, 

and has ch: Persis and Corienne. 
X. Peter; m. Clarissa Eipley, and 1. in East Abington. 

37. Edward (s. of Calvin22) ; m. Mar. 24, 1811, Desire Jacobs, 
dau. of Perez Jacobs (10). He d. Nov. 12, 1845. She d. Aug. 
36, 1872. Eesides on his father's place on Mill street. 

Child born in Hanover : 
i. Elvira, Apr. 12, 1814; m. Thomas J. Gardner (2). 

38. David (s. of Jesse^^) ; m. Sarah Eevere, dau. of Paul, Jr., 
and gr. dau. of Paul Eevere, of Boston. He d. in Boston, abt. 
1841, and his wid. d. in 1843. 

Children : 
i. David; d. unm. abt 1838. 
ii. Maria; d. abt. 1839. 

56. iii. Charles E. 

57. iv. William PL, May 8, 1813. 
V. Caroline L.; d. abt. 1838. 


vi. George E. ; m. Hannah Hill, 1. in Boston. Had ch: 
Mary B. and Edwin. 

vii. Edward A., Feb. 22, 1822; m. in 1851, Louisa M. An- 
drews, dau. of Maj. Ephriam Andrews, of Lowell. 
Eesided in Boston. 

39. Jesse (s. of Jesse^s) ; m. Dec. 31, 1809, Sally Nash, dau. 
of James, of Scituate, and d. in Charlestown, and his wid. d. in 
Hanover, April 11, 1876. Shipwright by trade. 

Children : 

i. Eiith, b. in Weymouth; m. William Hayden of Scit- 
uate. Ch: Wm. J. and Jesse C. 

ii. Eoxanna; m. Capt. Eobinson. No ch. 

iii. Deborah, d. in Hanover, unm. 

iv. Sophronia; m. Abner Loring, and d. in Boston. Had 
child, Abner. 

V. Jesse; m. Alice Forbush and resided in Boston. No 
ch. He d. in Wells, Maine. 

40. Joseph (s. of Jesse-^) ; m. Hannah Gardner, of Hingham. 
He d. Dec. 28, 1841, aet. 56 yrs., and liis wid. d. Mar. 21, 1840, 
aet. 59 yrs. Ship carpenter by trade. 

Children : 
i. Hannah P., Apr. 5, 1806; m. Nov. 21, 1821, Freeman 
Farrar. Eesided in Hanover. 

58. ii. Joseph, Dec. 5, 1808. 

iii. Lucy C, Mar., 1811; m. Laban Wilder (2). 

59. iv. Benjamin N., July 30, 1813. 

41. Stephen (s. of Peleg^c) ; m. first, June 16, 1816, Lucinda 
Bailey, dau. of Calvin Bailey (2). She d. June 20, 1817, and he 
m. secondly, Dec. 3, 1818, Mary S. Hitchcock. He d. Mar. 6, 
1831, and his wid. m. Ebenezer Simmons, Esq., and d. Apr. 
30, 1837. Eesided in Norwell, in house now owned and occupied 
by Diana Pierce. 

Child by wife Lucinda, born in Norwell : 

i. Lucinda; d. Aug. 18, 1817. 
Children by wife Mary, born in Norwell : 

60. ii. Stephen, Sept., 1820. 

61. iii. Henry J., June 2, 1822. 

42. William (s. of Williamss) ; m. Jan. 5, 1775, Deborah Curtis, 
dau. of Abner Curtis (20). He d. June 26, 1793. William and 
his family went to Leeds, Maine, the oldest son, Ebenezer, after- 
wards returning to Hanover. While in Hanover, William resided 
on Main street, near the Curtis school house. 

Children born in Hanover: 

62. i. Ebenezer, 1775. 

ii. William; m. Olive Stubbs, of Conn. Eesided in Leeds, 
Me., and had 12 children, four of whom were deaf 
and dumb. 


iii. Abner, Mar. 4, 1782; m. Lydia Turner of Leeds, Me. 
Resided in Me. 12 ch. 

iv. Josiah; m. Hannah Biilington, of Wayne, Me,, and re- 
sided in Me. 4 children. 

V. Deborah; m. Eobert Curtis. Resided in Greene, Me. 

vi. Lincoln; m. Resided in Prospect, Me., now Sears- 
port, Me. 

vii. Lebbeus; m. Resided in Prospect, Me. 

viii. Charity; m. a Hammond, and resided in Wayne, Me. 

43. Snow (s. of Reuben^^) ; m. Bathsheba Hatch, dau. of John 
Hatch (9). He d. Dec. 31, 1823, and his wid. d. Nov. 2, 1831, 
aet. 70 yrs. Resided on his father's farm on Washington street. 

Children born in Hanover: 
i. Reuben, April 26, 1784; d. Feb'y 20, 1818. 
ii. Bela, Nov. 20, 1785; d. Apr. 17, 1803. 

63. iii. Levi, Oct. 29, 1787. 

iv. Bathshua, Oct. 2, 1789; d. Oct. 28, 1794. 

64. V. Robert, Apr. 1, 1791. 

vi. Mary R., Apr. 28, 1793; d. unm., Mar. 15, 1864. 
vii. Bathshua, July 31, 1798; m. Luther Curtis (50). 

65. viii. William, Apr. 9, 1800. 

44. Reuben (s. of LemuePO) ; m. Nov. 29, 1800, Abigail Bailey, 
dau. of Stephen Bailey (8), who d. Dec. 24, 1841, and he d. Dec. 
18, 1849. Resided on Elm street, where Reuben C. Donnell now 
resides. Part owner of the Forge. A trader. Town Clerk and 

Child born in Hanover : 
i. Ruth, July 18, 1805; m. Thomas B. Donnell (3). 

45. Consider (s. of LemuePO) ; m. first, Nov. 10, 1806, Mary 
House, of Pembroke, who d. in 1809 ; m. secondly in 1811, Hannah 
Fuller, who d. April 24, 1832, and he d. May 7, 1841, aet 75 yrs. 
Was part owner of the Curtis Forge. Resided on Elm street, in 
house now owned and occupied by Edward M. Sweeney. 

Child born in Hanover: 

66. i. George, Sept. 23, 1807. 

46. Lemuel (s. of LemuePO) ; m. Abigail Rose. Resided on 
Washington street, in his father's house, part owner of the Curtis 
Forge. He d. Jan. 9, 1842. 

Children born in Hanover: 
i. Sarah, Dec. 25, 1803; m. Michael Sylvester (21). 
ii. Abigail, Aug. 1805; m. Josiah Winslow, s. of Nathaniel 

Winslow (6). 
iii. Judith, Oct. 11, 1809; m. George Studley (10). 
iv. John, Nov., 1812; m. Feb'y 26, 1854, Sarah T. Clapp, 

dau. of John Clapp of So. Scituate. He d. Mar. 17, 

1889; she d. Jan. 25, 1903. She was born Feb'y 

10, 1818, in Scituate. 


V. Liieinda, Oct. 1815; d. unm., Dec. 13, 1853. 

47. Nathaniel (s. of LemuePO) ; m. Mar. 3, 1805, Nancy Stod- 
dard of Scituate, who d. in Oct., 1843, and he d. Feb. 4, 1849. Ee- 
sided on Water street, where Charles Dyer resided, and was part 
owner of the works there. 

Children born in Hanover : 

67. i. Warren, Feb. 4, 1806. 

ii. Bethia, Jan. 27, 1808; m. Joshua Mann (12). 

iii. Nathaniel H., July 6, 1812, merchant in N. Y. 

iv. Nancy N., Jan. 20, 1815; m. Benjamin B. Hall (1). 

48. John (s. of John^i) ; m. Nov. 1, 1798, Sarah Mann, dau. 
of Benjamin Maun (5). He d. Dec. 5, 1851, aet. 80 yrs. She d. 
Aug. 30, 1865. Selectman. Eesided in house now occupied by 
George W. Curtis on Main street. 

Children born in Hanover: 
i. Sallv, Jan. 17, 1799; m. Ezra Whiting (20). 
ii. Johii. Aug. 3, 1801 ; d. Mar. 3, 1817. 

68. iii. William, Sep. 6, 1803. 

iv. Benjamin, Nov. 1, 1807,; d. Aug. 28, 1833. 

69. V. Martin, Feb. 6, 1810. 

vi. Alathea, July 12, 1812; m. Apr 30, 1832, Calvin 
Faxon of Abington, and d. June 29, 1845. 

70. vii. John, July 10, 1817. 

viii. Lucinda, Aug. 16, 1819; m. Joseph H. Studley (15). 

49. Melzar (s. of Melzar^") ; m. Sarah Collamore, dau. of Enoch 
Collamore of Scituate. Resided on Silver street. He was Rep- 
resentative, Town Clerk and Selectman. He d. Jan. 18, 1836, and 
his wid. d. March 16, 1861, aged 82 yrs. Left no children. 

50. Luther (s. of Melzar^s) ; m. Jan. 30, 1820, Bathshua Curtis, 
dau. of Snow Curtis (43), and d. Aug. 25, 1844, and his wid. m. 
a Pratt, and d. July 12, 1868. Resided on Silver street, nearly 
opposite his father's place, in house now owned by Charles G. 
Perry. Carpenter. 

Children born in Hanover: 
i. Bathshua, Oct. 6, 1822; m. Lyman Thompson (1), 

71. ii. William H., May 8, 1825. 

51. Davis (s. of Abner^^) ; m. first, Nov. 1, 1795, Charlotte 
Lovice of Hingham; secondly, Mary Oliver, of Me., and thirdly, 
Margaret Standley, Resided in Me. 

Children : 

i. James M. 

ii. John 0. 

iii. Lydia ; m. a Gould, 

iv. Charlotte S., m. Benjamin Carter. 

V. Polly, m. Nathan Barlow, 

vi. Charlotte; m. John Benner. 

vii. Hiram ; d'. aet. 4 yrs. 


52. Job (s. of Abner^s) ; m. Bethia Farrow, dau. of Abiel Far- 
row. Eesided in South Scituate, and there d. in Feb., 1843. 

Children : 
i. Bethia; m. Oct. 24, 1827, Hosea Whiting, of Hingham, 
ii. Job; m. Sept. 15, 1827, Marilla Vining. 

72. iii. Hiram, Nov. 25, 1809. 
iv. Philip. 

V. Harriet; m. first, Dec. 9, 1832, James Doten, and sec- 
ondly, Benjamin Jacobs. 

73. vi. Nahum. 

vii. Abigail; m. Calvin Wilder, s. of Calvin D. Wilder (1). 
viii. Edwin; m. a Eogers of Marshfield, and had oh. 
ix, Julia A.; m. July 11, 1847, Henry A. Grose. 
X. Adeline; m. Zenas Smith, of Abington. 

53. Seth (s. of Seths*^) ; m. Kuth Loring, of Hingham. Eesided 
in South Scituate, near the Hanover line. 

Children : 
i. Charles A., Aug. 21, 1817. 
ii. Abby S., Jan. 6, 1820; m. Peleg Curtis, s. of Joseph 

Curtis (27). 
iii. Frances M., May 25, 1823; m. Joshua Curtis, s. of 

Joseph Curtis (27). 
iv. Euth A., Mar. 9, 1827; m. Stephen 0. Jacobs (20). 

54. Loring (s. of Seth^c) ; m. Jan. 23, 1823, Merrill Mann, dau. 
of Charles Mann (8). She d. May 11, 1873. He d. Feb'y 4, 1881. 
Eesided on Main street, where Charles L. Curtis now resides, in 
the house constructed by Charles Mann. 

Children born in Hanover: 

i. Nancy H., Jan. 27, 1825; m. John Poole (1). 

ii. Mary H., Apr. 12, 1827; d. unm. Jany 23, 1890. 

iii. Sarah J., Feb. 22, 1829; m. Walter W. Wardrobe (2). 

iv. Lydia, April 30, 1831; m. Erastus H. Wardrobe (3). 

V. Emily L., July 27, 1836; m. Jeremiah Stetson (40). 

vi. Charles L., Dec. 23, 1838; unm. 

55. Enos (s. of Seth^^) ; m. Mary J. Burrill, dau. of Henry Bur- 
rill of Abington. He d. June 9, 1884, and his wid. d. Mar. 22, 
1892. Eesided on Whiting street, north of North street. 

Children : 
i. Sophia J., b. in Eookland, Apr. 29, 1830; m. William 

Studley (24). 
ii. Lysander, b. in Eoekland, Feb. 15, 1833: d. Dec. 21, 

1861, unm. 
iii. Mary, b. in H., Jan. 13, 1835; m. Levi L. Yining, s. of 

Joseph Vining (1). 

56. Charles E. (s. of Davidss) ; m. Lydia S. Barstow. Shoe- 
maker. Eesided in East Abington. 


Children : 
i. Charles H. 
ii. David P., d. young, 
iii. George E. 

57. William H. (s. of David^s); m. Sept. 26, 1839, Jane E. 
Merriam, wid. of George Merriam, and dau. of Lemuel Dwelley 
(11). Eesided on Main St., where Edward R. Curtis now re- 
sides. He d. Aug. 28, 1884. She d. Dec. 11, 1886. 

Children born in Hanover: 
i. Edward E., Feb. 11, 1810; mini. 

74. ii. George M., Apr. 23, 1844. 

iii. Ellen M., Aug. 12, 1849; d. unni., July 24, 1870. 

58. Joseph (s. of Joseph"*'^) ; m. Nov. 26, 1829, Deborah Hayden. 
He d. Nov. 22, 1844, and his wid. m. Thomas H. Gardner. 

Children born in South Scituate: 
i. Henry, Feb. 23, 1833; d. Oct. 20, 1888. 
ii. George W., Feb. 22, 1841; m. May 9, 1866, Mary J. 
Sylvester, dau. of Jotham T. Sylvester. She was 
born in Scituate, May 8, 1844. No children, 
iii. Joseph H., Feb. 7, 1844; m. May 13, 1866, Henrietta 
Sylvester, dau. of Jotham T. Sylvester. She was 
born in Scituate, May 13, 1846, and d. Jan. 12, 1907. 
Children born in South Scituate: 
i. E. Josephine, Aug. 6, 1872; m. May 9, 1894, 
Arthur S. Ivimball, s. of Charles M. Kimball of 
ii. Mary, June 27, 1877. 

59. Benjamin N. (Capt.) (s. of Joseph^'*) ; m. first, Dec. 25, 
1836, Lydia S. Barrell, dau. of Capt. Elisha Barrell (2). She d. 
Mar. 24, 1840, and he m. secondly. May 12, 1844, Sarah Wilder^ 
dau. of Calvin D. Wilder (1). She d. June 10, 1854, aged 34 
yrs, and he m. thirdly, Oct. 3, 1855, Elizabeth E. Damon, tlau, of 
Piam Damon (3). He d. Feb. 15, 1888, and his wid. d. Feb. 4, 
1891. Eesided on Walnut St. (now Webster St.), at corner of 
Washington street. 

Child by wife Lydia S., born in Hanover: 
i. Lydia M., May 30, 1838; d. Oct. 8, same year. 

Child by wife Sarah, born in Hanover: 
ii. Frances A., Dec. 14, 1846; m. Luke P. Burbank (1). 

Child by wife Elizabeth E., born in Hanover : 

75. iii. Herbert L., Sept. 30, 1857. 

60. Stephen (s. of Stephen-^i) ; m. first, Aug. 18, 1846, Matilda 
Turner, dau. of Hon. Samuel A. Turner, of Scituate. She d. Oct. 
2. 1847, aet. 23 yrs., and he m. secondly, Nov. 25, 1850, Eliza F, 
Payson, dau. of Samuel Payson, of Boston. He d. Mar. 20, 1855,. 
and his wid. d. May 18, 1905, aet. 79 yrs. No eh. 

61. Henry J. (s. of Stephen^i) ; m. Sep. 20, 1848, Abby S. 


Jacobs, dau. of Ichabod E. Jacobs (11). She d. Oct. 30, 1891. 
He d. March 36, 1899. Selectman and Eepresentative. Eesided 
on Tebster street, Assinippi, near the Norwell line. No cluldren. 

■62. Ebenezer (s. of William^s) ; m. first, Apr. 15, 1804, Zintha 
■Stetson, dau. of Joseph Stetson (15). She d. Aug. 21, 1813. He 
m. secondly, Oct. 28, 1814, Esther Eandall, dau. of Elijah Ean- 
•d&ll. She was b. Dec. 12, 1785, and d. Mar. 4, 1865. He d. Aug. 
22, 1868, in Maine. While in Hanover he resided on Broadway, 
in the house now owned and occupied by Jane B. Eeed. 
Children by wife Zintha, born in Hanover: 
i. Zoa, Feb. 10, 1805; m. Seth Dunbar of Hingham, and 

d. May 26, 1897. 2 ch: George and Seth. 
ii. Jeremiah, June 26, 1806; m. Christianna Berry, and 
moved to Maine. Had 5 ch. His w. d. Jan. 5, 1848, 
and he d. Aug. 11, 1880. 
iii. Cynthia, Mar. 10, 1808; m. William Whiting (23). 
iv. Mary H., Feb. 13, 1810; m. Benjamin Munroe (1). 
V. William B., Dec. 26, 1811 ; d. 1813. 
Children by wife Esther, born in Hanover: 
vi. Hannah S., June 20, 1816; m. first, John Damon; m. 
secondly, John Damon of Scituate. Two sons, Wil- 
liam and Henry. Eesided in Leeds, Maine, 
vii. William B., Mar. 26, 1818; m. Augusta W. Sumner. 

Eesided in Me., and d. Mar. 27, 1879. Had ch. 
viii. Betsey B., May 9, 1821; m. John Damon (5). 

■63. Levi (Capt.), (s of Snow^^) . n-^. 1314^ Ruth T. Eogers, dau. 
of Caleb Eogers (8). Eesided on Elm St. Selectman and Town 
Clerk. Capt. of H. Artillery Co. He d. May 15, 1853, and his 
wid. d. Apr. 27, 1865. No children. 

64. Eobert (s. of Snow^^) ; m. Apr. 16, 1826, Katurah Studley, 
■dau. of Jabez Studley (7). He d. Feb'y 15, 1858. She d. Dec. 
22, 1880. Eesided on Washington street, in the house now owned 
and occupied by Alonzo P. Henderson. 

Child born in Hanover: 
76. i. Eobert S., Feb. 12, 1827. 

65. William (s. of Suow^s) ; m. Mar. 3, 1833, Sarah Winslow, 
dau. of Nathaniel Winslow (6). He d. Sept. 19, 1871. She d. 
Mar. 15, 1854. Eesided on Washington street, where Charles F. 
Wright now resides. 

Children born in Hanover: 
i. Mary W., Dec. 27, 1833; m. Henry Wright (1). 
ii. Sarah J., d. Feb. 16, 1858, aged 19 yrs. 

66. George (s. of Consider 45) ; m. Nov. 11, 1834, Nancy Bow- 
ker, dau. of Joel Bowker, of Salem. He d. Feb. 16, 1875, and his 
wid. d. June 18, 1887. Eesided on Elm street, in house now owned 
and occupied Ijy Edward M. Sweeney, and was proprietor of the 
Curtis Forge. No children. 


67. Warren (s. of Nathaniel''') ; ni. May 2, 1829, Harriet Noyes, 
dau. of Joseph Noyes, of Boston. Eesided in South Hingham. 

Children : 
i. Harriet, Feb. 22, 1831. 
ii. Joseph W., d. aet. 11 mos. 
iii. Sarah A., d. aet. 8 yrs. 

68. William (s. of John^^) ; m. Dec. 3, 1826, Cassandra Stetson,, 
dau. of Joshua Stetson (35). He d. Jan'y 6, 1871. She d. Nov. 
23, 1875. Eesided first on Union street, and later on Main street, 
in his father's house. 

Children born in Hanover : 
77. i. George W., Sept. 12, 1827. 

ii. Angeline S., Jan., 1830; m. first, Levi C. Brooks (12)„ 

and secondly, Samuel Hill (1). 
iii. Cassandra S., Jan. 23, 1832; d. Feb. 18, 1832. 
iv. Lucinda, 1834; d. 1836. 

V. Lucinda, May, 1836; m. J. Warren Brooks (13). 
vi. S. Maria, Mar., 1838; m. Eufus Crane (1). 
vii. Benjamin, Sept. 17, 1840; killed at Antietam, Sept. 17,. 

viii. John, May, 1842, d. young. 
ix. Avis L., May, 1844, unm. 

69. Martin (s. of John^^) ; m. Feb. 15, 1834, Deborah Stetson,. 
dau. of Melzar Stetson of Scituate. He d. Aug. 30, 1848; she d. 
Apr. 5, 1881. Eesided on Main street, in the house now oAvned 
and occupied by Joshua S. Whiting. 

Children born in Hanover: 
i. Helen M., Dec. 17, 1839; m. Andrew C. Priest (1). 
ii. Ann M., d. aet. 3 mos. 
iii. Ann F., Apr. 17, 1844; m. George D. Whiting (32). 

70. John (s. of John-*8) ; m. Oct. 6, 1845, Marian A. Fuller, dau. 
of Samuel N. Fuller, of Boston. She was b. in Boston, Dec. 13, 
1820. Merchant in Boston. He d. Apr. 7, 1900. 

See address delivered at dedication of the John Curtis Free- 

Child born in Chelsea: 
i. Alice Marian, Apr. 24, 1847. 

71. William H. (s. of Luther^o) ; m. Nov. 7, 1852, Susan M. 
Tower, dau. of Isaac Tower of Braintree. Eesided in his father's 
house. He d. Apr. 31, 1897. 

Children born in Hanover : 
i. Henry L., Nov. 12, 1853; m. May 8, 1893, Eleanor 

McCarty, dau. of Eugene McCarty, of P. E. I. He 

d. Jan. 31, 1901. 
ii. Levi, 
iii. Ella M., May 28, 1857. 


72. Hiram (s. of Job-'^'-^) ; m. Nov. 35, 1834, Lucinda Wilder, 
dau. of Calvin D. Wilder (1). He d. Oct. 7, 1895, and his wid. 
d. May 11, 1896. Eesided on Washington street, north of Webster 

Children born in Hanover : 
i. L. Elmina, Sept. 15, 1835; m. Charles Jacobs (31). 
78. ii. Frederick H., Apr. 27, 1838. 

iii. Sarah W., July 5, 1843 ; d. unm., Nov. 13, 1862. 
iv. Lucius W., Oct. 19, 1848; m. Harriet S. Huse. No 

73. Nahum (s. of Job^2) . j^. June, 1835, Betsey Harlow, dau. 
of George Harlow. She d. Dec. 1, 1882, and he d. Sept. 17, 1888. 

Children : 

i. Eoxa A., Mar. 1, 1836; m. Kinsman Leavitt (1). 

ii. AQlaline M., July 1, 1839; m. George H. Bicknell of 

iii. Bethia C, Apr. 1841 ; m. William Hersey of Hingham. 

iv. Helen A., Feb. 29, 1843 ; m. Thomas Burrell, of Wey- 

V. Oscar H., Aug. 21, 1852; d. June 20, 1855. 

vi. Lizzie M. ; m. Henry Faxon of Quincy. 

vii. Lydia M. ; d. young. 

74. George M. (s. of William H.s^) ; m. June 13, 1868, Matilda 
A. Gady, dau. of Lawton Cady, of Killingly, Conn. She was born 
July 26, 1843. Resides on Main street, north of Baptist church, 
in house constructed by himself. 

Children born in Hanover: 
i. Velma L., Aug. 8, 1870; m. Wm. C. Whiting, s. of 

Lucius C. Plaiting (27). 
ii. George A., June 17, 1881; m. Feb. 4, 1908, Mary F. 

Simmons, dau. of John F. Simmons (13), and has s. 

John Franklin. 

75. Herbert L. (s. of Benjamin N.^^) ; m. Oct. 13, 1878, Alice 
M. Simmons, dau. of Joseph Simmons. She was b. in South 
Scituate, Sep. 15, 1858. Eesides on Webster street, in his father's 

Child born in Hanover: 
i. Leslie F., Nov. 3, 1888. 

76. Eobert S. (s. of Roberte-*) ; m. first, Nov. 29, 1855, Rachel 
C. Magoun, dau. of Daniel Magoun. She was b. in Pembroke, 
and d. in H., June 13, 1862. He m. secondly. May 34, 1863, 
Elizabeth A. Savage, dau. of John Savage. She was b in Eng- 
land, Aug. 18, 1843. He d. Apr. 1, 1873. His wid. m. Eben 
C. Waterman (1). Resided on corner of Broadway and Wash- 
ington street. For a long time Postmaster. 



Child by wife Kacliel, born in Hanover • 

r^:■^A ^'°^";f ^;;.'^'!^^ ^^' 1^59, d. Sep. 16, 1860. 
Child by wife Lhzabetli A., born in Hanover- 

II. William S Feb. 16 1866; m. Aug. 30, 1904, Miriam 
••• ^r ?,^'''^!eii, dau. of William H. Dovvden (1) 

III. Mary K, Apr^ 13, 1871; m. Nov. 7, 1905, George M. 

BitldVn:t. 1^' '"^•' ^''''''''' ^- ^-^^- - 

77. George W. (s. of William«8) ; m. July 2 184« T^n.,... m 
Brooks, dau. of John Brooks (8). She d jL 21 1894 T ' i 
on Main street, ni his father's house ' ^- ^'''^'' 

Children born in Hanover: 

ui. Fred W., Mar, 24 185G; m. July 30, 18!)8, Eose T 

Children born in S. Seituate: 
1. Arthur July 2, 1864; m. Dec. 12, 1890, M Grace 
Gardner, dau. of J. Calvin Gardner of HingW 

79. a. Fred, Sept. 23, 1865. 

^(>- IV. Lllswortli, June 28, 1870 

V. Mabel A., Mar. 8, 1872 • m Or-f 9^? lom r., , 

Cushman. Cli- ^ ^^' ^^^^' ^^^^^^« A. 

vi. Amy w!^rtl^8L '' ^"'"''^^ ''^^ '' ''''' 

lsii:t ^Mngfon.'™' ''"^^ ' "^^ ^"^^ ^' ^^^^^ Annie Turner, 
Children : 
i. Christine, June 24, 1889 
11. Hester, July 28, 1894. 

1; Stanley W., July 5, 1898. 
11. Helen, Mar. 6, 1904. 



1. Charles E. (s. of Eoswell), b. in Scituate, Xov. 18, 1860; m. 
in 1883, for second w. Emma L. Simmons, dau. of Oliver Simmons 
of Braintree. She d. Oct. 19, 1899. Eesides on Whiting street, 
in house constructed by himself. 
Children : 

i. Alice A., Apr. 9, 1884. 

ii. Mabel P., b. in H., Jan. 7, 1891. 

iii. Eveline L., b. in H., April 19, 1903. 


1. Walter H. (s. of Ed. of Eockland), b. Jan. 4, 1872; m. Nov. 
28, 1894, Lucy F. Whiting, dau. of Elwyn T. Whiting (43). Ee- 
sides on Whiting street. 

Children born in Hanover: 

i. S. Eliza, Aug. 8, 1895. 

ii. Lester E., Nov. 16, 1898. 

iii. Burton W., July 8, 1906. 


1. Matthew, with his wife Nazareth, his sons Daniel, Jeremiah, 
Matthew, and John, and his dau. Deborah, and his wife's sister, 
Frances Eiecroft, widow, sailed from Gravesend, Apr. 26, 1638, in 
the ship Diligent, John Martin of Ipswich, master, and arrived at 
Boston on the 10th of August. Matthew, the father, was b. in 
England in 1588, and bt. in Hardingham, Eng., March 2, 1589, 
and was s. of Peter of Norfolk. He d. in Hingham Sept. 30, 1660, 
aet. 72, and his wid. in 1681, aet. 96 yrs. Deborah and Jeremiah 
left no children. The descendants of Daniel and Matthew are in 
Hingham and elsewhere. John settled in Scituate. 

2. John (s. of Matthew^) was born in Hingham, England, in 
1627. He m. in Hingham, Mass., in 1658, Sarah, dau. of Matthew 
Hawke. He oame to Scituate in 1662, and, according to Deane, 
purchased the farm on "Belle House Neck" of Capt. John, son of 
Wm. Vassal, to whom it was laid out in 1634. Was deputy to the 
Col. Court many years from 1674, Ass't of the Old Colony Gov't 
1689-91, and Eep. to the General Court of Boston after the union 
of the Colonies. His wife d. in Scituate, March 9, 1679, aged 3& 
yrs, and he d. March 31, 1708. He had 12 children — John, the 
oldest, was born in Hingham — the others born in Scituate. 

3. John (s. of John2), b. April 28, 1663; m. 1st, May 20, 1687 
or 8, Deborah, dau. of Thomas Loring of Hull. She d. June 8, 
1713, and he m. 2nd, March 18, 1714, Sarah, dau. of John Thaxter 
and wid. of Nathaniel Holmes. He resided at "Belle House 
Neck." Was Chief Justice of the Inferior Court of Plymouth 
from 1702-'10, and Judge of the Superior Court from 1728-'37, 
his death occurring on the 19th day of Jan'y, 1737. 


Children by wife Deborah, all born in iScituate: 
i. Sarali, Jan'y 8, 1690; m. May 21, 1710, Rev. Nath'l 

Pitcher of Scituate. 
ii. A son, b. and d. 1693. 
iii. Deborah, April 4, 1693; m. Dec. 2, 1712, Capt. John 

Briggs, Jr., of Scituate, and had one child, Deborah, 

who m. Thomas Savage of Boston. 

4. iv. John, July 17, 1695. 

5. V. Elijah, March 7, 1698. 

vi. Mary, Nov. 24, 1700; m. June 29, 1721, Capt. Eleazer 

vii. Nazareth, Sept. 11, 1703; m. Sept. S, 1726, Benjamin 
Balch of Boston, and had several children. 

viii. Benjamin, April 17, 1706; m. twice and had several 
children born in Providence, E. I. 

ix. Nathaniel, July 9, 1709; m. Oct. 23, 1729, Mary Pem- 
berton. He d. Nov. 22, 1729. 
Children by wife Sarah, born in Scituate : 

X. Josiah, Jan'y 29, 1715. 

xi. Mary, Oct. 24, 1716; m. Rev. Nath'l Eells, s. of Na- 
thaniel Eells (3). 

4. John (s. of JohnS) ; m. 1st, April 1, 1718, Elizabeth, dau. of 
Nathaniel Holmes. She d. March 13, 1726, and he m. 3nd. Nov. 
20, 1729, Mary, dau. of Josiah Cotton of Plymouth. Resided at 
"Belle House Neck" in Scituate. Town Clerk and Representative 
for many years. Judge of the Probate C-ourt, Plymouth Co., 1739, 
and Judge of Superior Court for many vears. His wife d. -March 
29, 1767, and he d. March 19, 1778. 

Children by wife Elizabeth born in Scituate : 
i. Deborah, Nov. ]6, 1718; m. David Stockbridge (5). 
ii. Sarah, March 26, 1720; m. Ebenezer Pierpont of Rox- 

bury. Had 2 children, and d. in 1795. 
iii. John, Aug, 16, 1722; m. Deborah Barker of Scituate, 

and had 12 children, all born in Scituate. 
iv. Nathaniel, Aug. 12, 1724; d. April 2, 1725. 
V. William, Sept. 23, 1725: d. Feb'y 4, 1726. 
Children by wife Mary, born in Scituate: 
vi. Mary, Sept. 6, 1730; m. Rev. Ebenezer Cay, and had 

several children. 
vii. William, March 1, 1733, Justice of U. S. Supreme 
Court, m. Hannah Phillips of Conn. No children, 
viii. Charles, Aug. 13, 1734; m. Elizabeth Sumner. Had 

several children, 
ix. Edward, 1). and d. 1736. 

X. Hannah. Sept. 2, 1738; m. Rev. Samuel Baldwin (1). 
xi. Bethia, March 29, 1740 ; m. Abraham Burbank of Suf- 

field, and d. Dec, 1768. 
xii Roland, Jan'v 9, 1744: d. March 28, 1748. 









xiii. Lucy, Dec. 30, 1745; m. in 1771, Thomas Aylwin of 
Boston, and had 7 children, the most of whom were 
born in Quebec. 

xiv. Abigail, June 8, 1748; d. unm., 1824. 

XV. Eoland, Feb'y 26, 1750; d. unm., 1788. 

5. Elijah (s. of John^) ; m. Jan. 7, 1725, Elizabeth, dau. of 
Capt. Joseph Barstow (4) and wid of Isaac Baker of Newport, 
E. 1. He is called Capt. and Lieut, on the Records of H. Was 
for many years a Justice of the Peace, — the first Rep. of the town 
in 1737, — Justice of the Court of Common Pleas, and Selectman 
for some years. He d. June 26, 1762, and his wid. d. Nov. 7, 1782. 
Resided in that part of Hanover which was annexed to Pembroke 
(but now Hanson). 

Children all born in Hanover: 
Elijah, Oct. 8, 1725. 
Nathaniel, Feby 22, 1729. 
Joseph, March 1, 1732. 

Mary, April 22, 1734; m. Benjamin Lincoln of Hing- 
ham, and had 11 children, all born in Hingliam. 
She d. in Hingham, Jan. 23, 1816. 
V. Elizabeth, May 4, 1736; m. in 1765, Major Isaiah 
Cushing of Hingham, and had 6 children, born in 
vi. Deborah, Sept. 26, 1738; m. Jan'y 6, 1763, Rev. Daniel 
Shute of Maiden, Mass. She d. Oct. 1, 1823. No 
vii. An infant, June 16, 1741. 
viii. Isaac, July 3, 1744; d. Nov. 3, 1746. 

6. Elijah (s. of Elijah^) ; m. first, Jan. 20, 1756, Tamar Cushing. 
She d. March 28, 1761, and he m. secondly. May 2, 1765, Anna, 
dau. of Edward Thomas. She d. April 21, 1821, aged 76 yrs. 
He d. Sept. 13, 1807. 

Children by wife Tamar born in Hanover : 
i. Elijah, bt. Oct., 1756. A Col. in Revolutionary War; d. 

unm., in La., Aug. 1, 1818. 
ii. Tamsin, bt. Dec. 31, 1758; d. unm., July 7, 1807. 
Children by wife Anna, born in Hanover: 
iii. Tamar, bt. Apr. 13, 1766; m. Gideon Barstow (15). 
Edward, bt. March, 1768. 
Thomas, bt. Dec. 2, 1770. 
Anna, bt. June, 1773 ; d. Oct. 2, 1779. 
Betty, b. May 7, 1775; d. Nov. 7, 1780, in Hanover, 
viii Rachel, bt. June 2, 1777; d. imm., March 28, 1857. 
ix. Isaac, bt. May 7, 1780; d. unm. in Salem, Jan. 14, 

X. John, b. 1782; d. unm., Nov. 24, 1822. 
xi. Anna, b. 1785; d. unm., Jan. 6, 1859. 
xli. Betty, bt. June 22, 1788; m. Ira Thomas of Hanson, 
and had several children. 








7. Nathaniel (s. of Elijah^) ; m. in Pembroke, Mass., Sept. 24, 
1761, Lucy, dau. of Thomas Turner (17) ? Served in French and 
Indian War, and also in War of the Eevolution. He d. Dec. 3, 

Children born in Pembroke: 

11. i. Nathaniel, June 24, 1762. 
ii. Lucy, bt. July, 1764. 

iii. Isaac, bt. Jan., 1768; d. unm. in Alabama. 

iv. Charles, July 1, 1770. 

V. Benjamin, bt. Oct., 1772; d. unm., in New Orleans. 

vi. Elijah T., d. Dec. 23, 1785, aged 9 yrs. 

vii. Thomas, Dec. 20, 1780. 

8. Joseph (s. of Elijah^) ; m. Paith Stockbridge, dau. of Ben- 
jamin Stockbridge, of Scituate. He was Selectman, Representa- 
tive and Town Clerk. Also Judge of Probate for Co. of Plymouth. 
Resided near the Four Corners. He d. Dec. 19, 1791, and his wid. 
d. Feb 7 12, 1822. It was voted at a meeting held Dec. 10, 1787, 
that Hon. Joseph Gushing should represent this town in a conven- 
tion to be holden at the State House in Boston on the second Wed- 
nesday of January next in order to approve or disapprove of a con- 
stitution or form of Government for the United States of America. 

Children born in Hanover: 
i. Ruth, m. David Stockbridge (7). 
ii. Charlotte, 1765 ; d. Aug. 24, 1825. 
iii. Elizabeth: m. Nathaniel Barstow (23). 

12. iv. Joseph, 1770. 

V. Deborah, 1771; m. Oct. 29, 1797, John Hathaway, of 
Camden, Maine. Had one child, John. 

13. vi. Horatio, Oct. 3, 1776. 

9. Edward (s. of Elijah*^) ; m. Elizabeth, dau. of Thomas Colla- 
more. She was born in Scituate, April 23, 1772, and d. in Abing- 
ton, Dec. 9, 1861 : Edward d. Nov. 2, 1842. 

Child : 
i. Deborah; m. 1st, Dr. Daniel Sawin, and 2d, F. P. How- 
land. Had one dau., Deborah, Avho m. Dr. Chase. 

10. Thomas (s. of Elijah«) ; m. Ruth Turner. He d. Jmu' 13, 
1836. His wid. d. March 17, 1848. 

Children born in Scituate : 

i. Ruth, Feb. 6, 1797. 

ii. Caroline, Jan. 27, 1800; m. Spenser Cushman. 

iii. George K., Jan. 25, 1805. 

iv. Josiah, Sept. 9, 1806; ra. Louisa Waterman. 

V. Harrison, Sept. 20, 1808; d. March 24, 1827. 

vi. Emily, May 20, 1811. 

vii. Clarissa, Feb. 16, 1814. 

11. Nathaniel (s. of NatlianieF) ; m. Feb. 4, 1789, Mehetable, 
dau. of Rev. Ezekiel Dodge, of Abington. He d. Sept. 4, 1827, 
and his wid. d. Aug. 28, 1845. 


Children born in Pembroke: 
14. i. Ezekiel D., Jan. 2, 1790. 

ii. Mehetable, Feb. 21, 1792; m. Feb. 23, 1823, Nath'l 
C. Estabrooks. Had ch: Nath'l C, b. Nov. 2S, 

iii. Nathaniel, March 17, 1794; d. Sept. 13, 1796. 

iv. Lucy, March 18, 1796; m. in 1822, Dr. Silas Holman, 
of Me., and had several ch. 

V. Nathaniel, Sept. 16, 1798; d. Oct. 15, 1798. 

vi. George, Sept. 6, 1799; d. unm. Sept. 10, 1824. 

vii. Elijah, Sept. 12, 1806; m. Eliza Cobb, dau. of Corne- 
lius Cobb. Had several children. 

12. Joseph (s. of Josephs ) ; m. Nov. 6, 1794, Keziah, dau. of 
Melzar Curtis (33). She d. Sept. 22, 1847. Joseph moved to 
Me. and d. Feb. 9, 1830. 
Children : 

i. Kuth, June 21, 1797; m. June 7, 1821, Maj. Joseph 
Emery, and d. April 12, 1844. Had sev. ch. 

ii. Jeremiah, Aug. 10, 1799; m. Abigail Dillingham, and 
d. Sept. 6, 1872; 1. in Camden, Me., and had sev- 
eral ch. 

iii. Joseph, Nov. 15, 1801 ; m. Susan Weston, and d. Jan., 
1873. Lived in Skowhegan, Me., and had ch. 

iv. Melzar, Oct. 20, 1803 ; m. Anne E. Garland. Lived in 
Skowhegan, Me., and had several ch. 

V. Horatio, Jan. 30, 1805; m. first, Frances Wyman, 
and second, Martha A. Wheeler. Lived in Skow- 
hegan, Me., and had 2 ch. 

vi. Sarah, Jan. 11, 1807; d. Aug. 25, 1842. 

vii. Deborah H., Feb. 26, 1809; m. Eev. Chas. G. Porter, 
of Bangor, Me. and d. Jan. 27, 1847. Had one 
dau. Anna. 

viii. Benjamin, April 26, 1811; m. Apr. 30, 1854, Lauret- 
ta Dean. He d. July 18, 1878. Lived in Skow- 
hegan, Me., and had sev. ch. 

ix. Luther, May 30, 1814; m. Jan. 5, 1851, Abby P. 
Frost. Lived in Skowhegan, and had sev. cJi. 

13. Horatio, Esq. (s. of Joseph^) ; m. Apr. 21, 1811, Euth 
Bailey, dau. of John Bailey (10). He d. June 21, 1836, and 
his wid. moved with children to Hartford, Conn. Selectman and 
Eepresentative. Eesided near the Four Corners in his father's 
house. This house stood on the corner of Washington street 
and Oakland ave., on the spot where the house of Horace S. 
Tower now stands. 

Children born in Hanover: 
i. Mary B., Feb. 11, 1812; d. Sept. 1, 1815. 
ii. Horatio, June 13, 1813; m. in 1855, Mrs. Caroline 
Clemens, of Maeon, Georgia. He d. Oct. 10, 1888. 
2 ch. 


iii. Henry W., Feb. 18, 1815; m. Jan. 1, 1843, Catherine 

Spencer, of Hartford, Conn. Had one eh. 
iv. William, Jan. 12, 1817; m. May 12, 1852, Emeline 

Hallett, of Nantucket; d. in Kansas, Mar. 14, 1864. 

No ch. 
V. Joseph, Dec. G, 1818; d. Aug. 10, 1837. 
vi. Edward, Apr. 26, 1820; m. Jan. 9, 1849, Elizabeth W. 

Weatherbee, of Camden, Me. Had several ch. 
vii. Mary E., June 12, 1821; m. May 3, 1852, Charles 

Spencer, of Hartford, Conn. Had several ch. 
viii. John H., July 8, 1822; d. unm. in California, Sept. 

12, 1877. 
ix. Frances, July 17, 1824; m. May 18, 1846, Alexander 

C. Studley, of Hartford, Conn. Several ch. 
X. Benjamin, June 20, 1825. 
xi. Anna 0., July 17, 1826; m. Sept. 28, 1847, William 

Faxon. She d. Mar. 10, 1854. Had one son. 
xii. Charles S., May 22, 1828; d. Oct. 15, 1828. 
xiii. Lucy E., May 18, 1829; m. May 14, 1855, William 

Faxon. She d. July 3, 1857. Had one ch. 
xiv. Charles S., Jan. 30, 1831; m. and had several ch. 

14. Ezekiel D. (s. of Nathaniel^) ; m. Nov. 28, 1815, Delia, 
dau. of Capt. David Sawyer, of Boston. He d. Apr. 5, 1828, and 
his wid. d. Oct. 14, 1870, aged 72 yrs. A physician. Resided 
while in Hanover in the Lawyer WHiitman house, near North 
Eiver Bridge. 
Children : 
i. Polly H., Oct. 31, 1816; m. Charles Eioketson, and 
had one ch. 
15. ii. Nathaniel, b. in Boston, Feb. 22, 1818. 

iii. Delia S., Dec. 18, 1820; m. Julius Cushman, and 

had 2 ch. 
iv. David S., Dec. 17, 1821; d. Aug. 18, 1823. 
V. Lucy, March 20, 1824; m. Edward L. West, and had 

4 ch. 
vi. Ellen D., May 16, 1826; d. May 11, 1827. 
vii. Ellen D., Sept. 21, 1828; m. Oct. 2, 1851, Wm. W. 
Mair, of Pittsburg, Pa. Had 2 children. 

15. Nathaniel (s. of Ezekiel D.") ; m. Dec. 18, 1845, Eliza- 
beth, dau. of Edward Barstow (31). She d. in Boston, May 16, 
1901. He d. Aug. 12, 1864. 
Children : 
i. Nathaniel, b. in Taunton, Feb. 20, 1847; m. Oct. 31, 
1875, Antionette F. Briggs, and had a s. Elmer, b. 
1876; d. June, 1902. 
ii. Elizabeth 0., b. in H., Dec. 24, 1853; m. Rollin Far- 

quhar, of Weston, Mass. No ch. 
iii. Wm. D., b. in H., Feb. 27, 1858; unm. 



1. John, Capt. (s. of Capt. Nathaniel) b. in Scituate in 1800; 
m. Mar. 16, 1835, Sarah C. Haskins, dau. of Lemuel Haskins, 
of Scituate. He d. Oct. 30, 1871, and his wid. d. Mar., 1879, 
aged 77 yrs. Capt. Nathaniel was of the Scituate Militia, and 
his residence was the old "Vassal House" on Bell House Neck. 
i. Sarah E., 1836; m. Dec. 27, 1879, Godfroid Turcotte, 
s. of Louis Turcotte, and d. Feb. 2-1, 1882. 


1. Warren V. (s. of Greenwood) ; m. Eveline Bowker, dau. of 
Homer Bowker, of S. Scituate. He d. Mar. 7, 1889, aged 73 
yrs., and his wid. d. Jan. 25, 1906, aged 89 yrs. Eesided latter 
part of his life on Washington street in H. 

Children born in Scituate: 

2. i. Parker W., May 14, 1840. 

3. ii. Henry W., May 25, 1842. 

iii. Emma L., Oct. 29, 1852; m. Jan. 4, 1892, Franklin 

Beal, s. of Benjamin Beal of E. Abington. He d. 

Mar. 21, 1899. No children, 
iv. Mary T., Feb. 19, 1855; m. Nov. 16, 1874, Walter S. 

Barker, s. of Waters Barker, of S. Scituate. Ch. 

b. in S. Scituate : 

i. Eoland, Aug. 26, 1875. 

ii. Florence S., June 26, 1878; m. Arthur Hen- 
derson, s. of Francis Henderson. 

2. Parker W. (s. of Warren V.i) ; m. July 4, 1885, Hannah M 
Church, dau. of Martin Church (6). Besides on Oakland ave. 

Child born in S. Scituate : 
i. Caroline P., Mar. 25, 1887. 

3. Henry W. (s. of Warren V.i) ; m. May 11, 1867, Mary F. 
Binney, dau. of Spencer Binney (2). He d. Jan. 14, 1875. Ee- 
sided on Main street. 

Children born in Hanover: 
i. Nellie W., Jan. 14, 1871; m. Feb. 25, 1888, Ernest 

L. Porter, of Whitman, s. of Alvin Porter. No 

ii. Fred W., Feb. 25, 1875; m. June 22, 1898, Lottie A. 

Damon, dau. of George F. Damon (10). No ch. 


1. William A. (s. of John W.) of Duxbury, b. Apr. 28, 1861; 
m. Nov. 30, 1882, Carrie L. Soule, dau. of Samuel P. Soule, of 
Duxbury. She was b. Feb. 26, 1862. 
Children : 
i. W. Alton, b. in Eoekland, Jan. 7, 1884; m. Sept. 15, 
1908, Ethel L. Harrington, of Eoekland. 



ii. Horace S., b. in Duxbury, Jan. 30, 1886. 

iii. Mary H., b. in Duxbury, Jan. 10, 1888; m., 1908, 

Daniel E. Ewell, Jr., and has ch., Erma C. Ewell, 

b. in H., Dec. 16, 1908. 
iv. Annette L., b. in Rockland, Jan. 9, 1890; m. Charles 

W. Peaslee, s. of Hiram A. Peaslee (1). 
V. Lena, b. in Eoekland, Dec. 13, 1891. 
vi. Hattie W., b. in Rockland, May 13, 1894. 
vii. Carroll A., b. in H., Sept. 2, 1897. 
viii. Samuel W., b. in H., July 5, 1903; d. Apr. 5, 1905. 


1. Robert (s. of Alden) b. in Duxbury, Nov. 17, 1854; m. Mar. 
4. 1877, Emma A. Ryder, dau. of Gilbert M. Ryder. She was 
h. in South Duxbury, May 10, 1857. Came to H. in 1891. 
Children born in Duxbury: 

i. Robert, Mar. 3, 1879. 

ii. Fred E., Mar. 6, 1881. 

iii. Ernest A., Aug. 29, 1888. 


1. Rev. Samuel (s. of Samuel) b. May 12, 1805. Was in bus- 
iness until 1839; m. first, Aug. 31, 1829, Julia R. Cutter, dau. of 
Levi Cutter, of Portland, Me. She d. Dec. 28, 1830, aet. 24 
yrs., and he m. secondly, June 19, 1833, Elizabeth D. Gardner, 
dau. of John Gardner, of Exeter, N. H. He d. in 1880, and she 
d. July 31, 1888, aged 79 years. Rector of Episcopal church. 
Child by wife Elizabeth D. : 
i. Samuel G., Oct. 30, 1835; d. in H., unm., Feb. 12, 
Note. — Two unmarried sisters of Rev. Samuel, died in Han- 
over, viz: Lydia, Dec. 18, 1858, aet. 64 yrs., and Frances, June 
28, 1868, aet. 74 yrs. 


1. Bernard (s. of Bernard, of Ireland) 1j. in Ireland; m. }loie 
M^nahan. Slie d. Dec. 4, 1890, aged 73 yrs., and he d., Oct. 11, 
1891, aged 69 yrs. Resided on Washington street. 

Children : 
i. Lucy A., 1855; m. James E. Brown (1). 
ii. Mary J. ; m. George W. Smith, of Norwell. 
2. iii. Bernard E., b. in Hanson, Mar. 17, 1860. 

iv. Rose E., b. in Pembroke, Dec. 10, 1861; m. Wm. F. 
Oilman (1). 

2. Bernard E. (s. of Bernard^) ; m. Aug. 20, 1893, Susan Calla- 
han, dau. of Edwin Callahan. First marriage in Church of the 
Sacred Heart, Hanover. 


Children : 
i. Catherine F., b. in H., Aug. 5, 1894; d. July 28, 1897. 
ii. E. Gregory, b. in H., May 28, 1896. 
iii. Mary, b. in S. Boston, Mar. 22, 1902. 


1. John A. (s. of Nathan) b. in Great Falls, N. H., July 4, 
1835; m. Dec. 24, 1868, Melissa A. Smith, dau. of John Smith. 
She was b. in Norton, Apr. 4, 1849, and d., June 11, 1889. He 
d. Dec. 4, 1891. Served in Civil War. Eesided on Water 
street, corner of Bardin street. 

Children born in Hanover: 
i. Frank N., Dec. 25, 1869; d. July 29, 1880 (drowned). 
2. ii. F. Alvin, Apr. 4, 1872. 

iii. Augusta, Aug. 13, 1874; d. Mar. 13, 1875. 
iv. Emma, Dec. 25, 1875; m. Jan. 1, 1895, Clarence A. 
Drury, s. of George W. Drury. Ch. b. in Athol, 

i. George A., Dec. 21, 1898. 
V. Charles G., Aug. 25, 1888; d. Oct. 29, 1888. 

2. F. Alvin (s. of John A.i) ; m. June 22, 1898, Mary M. Irwin, 
dau. of James Irwin, of Nova Scotia. 

Children born in Hanover: 
i. Alden I., April 6, 1899. 
ii. Linwood C, Jan. 21, 1902. 


1. Alfred C. (s. of Isaac B.) b. in Scituate, Mar. 6, 1838; m. 
Oct. 21, 1857, Lucy S. Munroe, dau. of Hiram Munroe (1). She 
d. May 13, 1906, and he d. Aug. 9, 1907. Eesided on Spring 
street. Was in the Civil War. 
Children : 
i. Jane H., b. in H., May 26, 1859; m. John F. Brooks 

ii. Laura A., b. in Scituate, Sept. 17, 1862; d. Sept. 14, 

1. Heman (s. of Isaac B.) b. in Scituate, Aug. 13, 1826. 


1. Bradford S. (s. of Joshua S.) b. in S. Scituate; m. Nov. 1, 
1871, Nancy A. Binney, dau. of Spencer Binney (2). He d. 
July 1, 1906. Manufactured shoes on Webster street. 
Child born in Hanover : 
i. Walter B., Nov. 18, 1878; d. unm., Nov. 1, 1899. 



1. Charles E. (s. of Ensign B., of Norwell) b. Sept. 10, 1864; 
ni. Feb. 28, 1891, Anna C. Thomas, dau. of Alpheus Thomas (4). 
Besides on Webster street. No ch. 


1. John and sister Hannah were in Soituate as minors, in 1G33, 
under the guardiansliip of their uncle, Wm. Gillson. 

2. Eells (s. of Zachariah of Scit., and a desc't of John^) ; m. 
Huldah Curtis, dau. of Abner Curtis (30), May 1, 1777. Ee- 
sideJ on Whiting street, corner of North street. He d. Aug. 26, 
1805, being drowoied near Boon Island, Me., and his wid. d. Mar. 
12, 1830. 

Children born in Hanover: 
3. i. Zachariah, Dec. 17, 1775. 

ii. Nathaniel E., Jan. 4, 1780; d. 1781. 
A. iii. Eells, June 15, 1783. 

iv. Job, Nov. 9, 1785; m. Euth Gushing and moved away. 
V. Sally, June 12, 1788; m. Eliphalet Belcher of Wey- 
vi. Eufus C, July 14, 1792, went to Illinois, 
vii. Huldah, May 29, 1794; m. Alvah Wood and d. in 

viii. Abner, Apr. 19, 1797; d. Apr. 30, 1799. 
ix. Lenthea, Aug. 22, 1800; m. Samuel Turner of Ean- 

3. Zachariah (s. of Eells2) ; m. July 2, 1800, Sarah Brooks, dau. 
of Joseph Brooks (2). She d. Aipv". 4, 1847, and he d. July 20, 
1857. Carpenter. Eesided on \Vhiting St. for a time. 

Children born m Hanover: 
i. Sarah B., Mar. 16, 1801; m. Charles Thomas (1). 
5. ii. Thomas, Oct. 20, 1804. 
.6. iii. Joseph B., Nov. 13, 1809. 

iv. Zachariah, Sept. 7, 1812; m. first, Abigail Southward, 

of Duxbury, and secondly, Ehoda A. Phillips of 

V. Deborah C, Oct. 3, 1815; m. Nov. 10, 1839, Benjamin 

Barker, of Hanson, s. of Benjamin Barker. Ch: 

i. John; Nov. 3, 1840. 

ii. Hannah B., Nov. 12, 1842. 

iii. Deborah A., Apr. 23, 1844. 

iv. Charles, Oct. 2, 1847. 

v. George, Jan. 23, 1851. 

vi. Sarah E., Feb. 24, 1854; d. Mar., 1895. 

vii. Ida J., Mar. 31, 1856. 

viii. Albert F., Oct. 24, 1859. 


vi. Franklin, Oct. 21, 1818; m. Hannah B. Gushing of 
North Scituate, and d. Mar. 13, 1872. Bap. Min. 
No ch. 

4. Eells (s. of Eells2) ; m. Jan. 1, 1810, Eleanor Brooks, dau. 
of Joseph Brooks (2). Eesided on Main street, corner of Walnut 
street. He d. Feb. 25, 1831, and his wid. d. Nov. 12, 1816. 

Children born in Hanover : 
i. Eleanor, Oct. 28, 1810; d. unm., Nov. 11, 1876. 
ii. Eells, July 15, 1812 ; d. unm., Sept. 14, 1892. 
7. iii. George, June 5, 1814. 

iv. Esther, Mar. 25, 1816; m. William Orcutt (1). 

V. Lydia, May 21, 1818; d. Oct. 22, 1850. 

vi. Daniel, Sept. 8, 1821; m. Apr. 12, 1843, Lucy F, 

Crane, dau. of John Crane of Braintree. He d. 

Mar. 3, 1896, and his wid. d. Jan. 9, 1903. No 


5. Thomas (s. of Zachariah^) ; m. Dec. 25, 1827, Nabby Bates, 
dau. of Clement Bates (19). She d. Aug. 7, 1852. He d. July 
21, 1883. Carpenter. Selectman. Eesided on Hanover St., just 
east of Grove St. (See chapter on Old Houses). 

Children born in Hanover : 

Andrew T., Nov. 19, 1829. 

Bernard, Aug. 17, 1831. 

N. Fidelia, Oct. 15, 1838; m. S. Nathan Turner (37). 

Eector, Nov. 27, 1840; m. Apr. 21, 1864, Jane G. 

Turner, dau. of Samuel S. Turner (31). She d. 

Jan. 25, 1909. Ch. (adopted) Mildred B. 

6. Joseph B. (s. of Zachariah^) ; m., Dec. 13, 1841, Mrs. Martha 
A. Jackson of Charlestown. He d. Mar. 26, 1865, and his wid. 
d. Jan. 17, 1903. Baptist minister. Settled in New Hampshire. 

Children : 

i. Martha A., Sept. 17, 1842; m. Deo., 1868, James E. 
Fairbank, of North Eeading, Mass. 

ii. Susan W., Nov. 16, 1843; m. Nov. 16, 1874, Samuel 
A. Batchelder of Mason, N. H. 

iii. Joseph B., Sept., 1845; d. Sept., 1846. 

iv. Josephine H., July 12, 1847; m. Dec, 1868, John W. 
Babb of Lowell, and d. Oct. 13, 1904. 

V. Joseph B., July 6, 1849 ; m., Oct., 1875, Abbie F. Bar- 
rett of Mason, N. H. 

vi. Sarah F., Aug. 12, 1851 ; d. June, 1856. 

vii. Georgia, July 12, 1854; m. Horace S. Crane (3). 

viii Mary H., Apr. 21, 1856; m. Mar. 1, 1881, Algernon 
Dane, of North Eeading, and d. Mar. 8, 1882. 

7. George (s. of Eells^) ; m. Dec, 1S38, Sarah H. Crane, dau. of 
John Crane of Braintree. He d. Nov. 1, 1896, and his wid. d. 








Oct. 22, 18 , aged 62 yrs. Jxosided on Main street, corui-r uL' 
Webster street. 

Cliildreu born in Hanover: 
i. Sarah M., Sep. 2!), ISol) ; m. Samnel F. Buffum (1). 
10. ii. (leorge F., Aug. (5, 1841. 

iii. Lydia A., Feb." 15, 1814; m. C^ dulius Ford (1). 
iv. Daniel W., Nov. ;3, 1848; d. Juiu' 4, 18(54. 

8. Andrew T. (s. of Thomas-'"'; m. Apr. 22, 1851, Fanny S. 
Perry, dan. of Perez Perry (16) • ^lo <!• l^^^-- l'^> l'^^^*^- Kesided 
on Ifanovcr street. (See cluipter on Old Houses). 

Child born in Hanover: 
i. F. Ella, Apr. 19, 1853; ni. J. Austin Briggs (10). 

9. Bernard (s. of Thomas-^"); m. Nov. 24, 1852, Lydia A. S. 
HoUis, dan. of Silas HoUis (1). She d. March 8, 1897. Town 
Clerk and Treasurer. Kesidcs on Hanover street, corner of Gi'ove 
street, in a house built by himself. 

Children born in Hanover: 
i. Edgar L., Nov. 20, 1854; d. Sept. 22, 1855. 
ii. Grace IT., Apr. 17, 1857; m. William L. Stetson (54). 
iii. Elizabeth E., May (>, 1860; d. Sept. 4, 1861. 

10. George F. (s. of George') ; m. Dec. 31, 1861, Sarah T. 
Hatch, dau. of John Hatch (18). He d. Mar. 24, 1903. Residod 
on Main street, and the last of his life in his fatlier's house. 

Children born in Hanover : 
i. Lillian F., Apr. 17, 1863; d. Aug. 5, 1864. 
ii. S. Elizabeth, Nov. 11, 1865; m. Walter E. Studley (1). 
iii. George A., May 19, 1868; d. Mar. 3, 1874. 
iv. Euth A., May 19, 1872; ni. June 22, 1895, Elberta 

Heald, s. of Owen of Rockland. Ch. : Forence M., b. 

in Pockland, May 5, 1905. 
V. Lottie A., June 12, 1878; ni. Fred W. Gushing, s. of 

Henry W. Gushing (3). 
vi. Nettie M., Dec. 4, 1883. 


1. Ezra (s. of .Joseph, of Abiugton), and a desc't of John, of 
Seituate; m. Anna Wilder, of Hingham, and d. July, 1825, aet. 
71, and his wid. d. Sept. 23, LS31, aet. 75. Lived on Whiting 
street, north of North street. 
Children : 
i. Anna; m. Oct. 4, 1801, Joseph Jacobs, 
ii. Elizabeth; m. first, June 3, 1801, William E. Smitli, 

and secondly, Joseph Jacobs, 
iii. Ezra; m. and lived in Quincy. 
2. iv. Joseph. 


V. Calvir, Apr., 1789. Calvin took his mother's maid- 
en name of Wilder, and will be -found recorded in 
family of that name. 

3. vi. Piam. 

vii. Marv m. Jonathan Arnold, of Abington. 

viii. David; m. Aug. 8, 1821, Lucy Wade, and lived in 

S. Scituate, and had ch. 
ix. Sarah; m. a Palmer, and lived in Hingham. 

4. X. Thomas, Mar. 39, 1803. 

^. Joseph (s. of Ezrai) ; m. Sept. 6, 1812, Lucy Tower, of 
Scituate. He d. Aug. 9, 1870. She d. Nov. 23, 1871, aet. 80 
yrs. Lived on Whiting street, north of North street. 
Children born in Haiiover: 
i. Lucy, July 29, 1813; m. Thomas Mann. 

5. ii. John, Dec. 3, 1816. 

iii. Alvira A., Jan. 3, 1819 ; m. Ezra Shaw, of Abington. 

Had ch. b. in Abington: Augustus, Prescott, Fred, 

Hattie, William, Clinton. 
iv. Anna W., July 5, 1821 m. James Bates (1). 

6. V. Joseph, Dec. 3, 1823. 

vi. Betsey, Sept. 15, 1825 ; m. Henry Shaw, of Abington. 
Ch. b. in Abington: Josephine, Adelaide, Fannie, 
vii. Deborah B., Jan. 12, 1827; d. 1847. 
viii. Esteria, Apr., 1828; d. Dec. 10, 1850. 

7. ix. James S., July 15, 1831. 

X. Mary A., Feb. 3, 1835 ; m. Charles Keene, and lived 
in Abington. He d. in Civil War. Had ch: C. 
Ella, Maria, Charles, Bosie. 

'3. Piam (s. of Ezra^) ; m. June 15, 1814, Olive Whiting, dau. 
•of Thomas Whiting (5). Lived on Whiting street, near the 
sehool house. He d. Aug. 2G, 1863. She d. Sept. 16, 1857. 
Children born in Hanover: 
i. Eliza E., Jan. 26, 1817: d. Feb. 21, 1817. 

8. ii. Martin W., May 23, 1818. 

iii. Euth F., Nov. 7, 1820; m. Dec. 22, 1839, Hosea Chub- 
buck. Lived in Eockland, and had ch. He d. 
Sept. 9, 1900. - She d. Jan. 14, 1892. 

iv. Jane T., May 6, 1823 ; m. John Scott, and 1. in Brock- 

V. Elizabeth E., Mar. 2, 1826; m. Benjamin N. Curtis 

vi. Henry L., June 27, 1828; d. aet. 13 yrs. 

9. vii. Wallace, Jan. 13, 1832. 

4. Thomas (s. of Ezra^) ; m. in 1828, Almira Phillips, dau. of 
Absalom Phillips (1). He d. Apr. 6, 1852. 
Children l)orn in Rockland: 


i. Thomas W., Aug. 30, 1830; m. first, Susan Wheeleiv- 

and secondly, Laura Sherman, dau. of Thomas 

Sherman of Marshfield. He d. May 13, 1907. Ch . 

by wife Susan, born in Kockland: Frank, Eugene,. 

Ernest. Ch. by wife Laura : Susan W., Archie W.,.. 

Carlton S., Nellie, Ethel. 
ii. Ann T., Feb., 1834: ; m. John Wheeler. Besides in 

Eockland. Had a dau., Carrie who m. George H.. 

iii. Almira May, 1836; m. Lucius Burrell. Eesides in 

Rockland. Children: Willard A. and Nettie. 
iv. Piam, Aug., 1838; m. Julia Dill, dau. of Joseph Dill,.. 

of Rockland. He d. Dec. 14, 1905. Children alL 

d. young. 
V. Henry, Jan. 19, 1842 ; m. Feb. 3, 1866, Mary A. Ames,. 

dau. of Joshua Ames of Rockland. Ch : b. in Rock- 
land; Mildred CI., Maud A. 
vi. Washington, June, 1843; m. Caroline Dill, dau. of 

Joseph Dill of Rockland, 
vii. Ezra, 1850; m. Alice Foster. Had son Everett, and 

other children. 

5. John (s. of Joseph^) ; m. first, Martha S. Chubbuck. She d. 
June 6, 1849, aet. 38 yrs. He m. secondly, Betsey B. Curtis, dau. 
of Ebenezer Curtis (63), She d. Sept. 4, 1900, and he d. Jan. 
28, 1903. Resided on Whiting street, opposite his brother Joseph^ 
during the last of his life. 

Children by wife Martha, born in Hanover: 
John W. 
Charles H. 

James E., June 3, 1842. 

Martha S., Mar. 23, 1844; m. Albert Phillips (3). 
V. Hannah, Oct. 3, 1846; d. aet. 2 yrs. 

6. Joseph (s. of Joseph^) ; m. Mar. 28, 1852, Mary Gerrisii, dau.. 
of George W. Gerrish of Me. He d. May 20, 1899. Resided in 
his father's house on Whiting street. 

Children : 
i. Child, Feb. 20, 1854; d. Mar. 15, 1854. 

13. ii. Joseph A., Feb. 14, 1855. 

iii. Mary A., Feb. 15, 1857; m. Dec. 22, 1877, Elliott L.. 
Poole, s. of Samuel Poole of Rockland. Ch: 
i. Her])crt L.. Mar. 28, 1879; m. Annie Camp- 
bell, of Abiugton. 
ii. Joseph w!, July 28, 1880. 
iii. Wesley L.. Mar. 5, 1884. 
iv. Roland S., May 13, 1886. 

14. iv. Howard N., Oct. 21, 1861. 

15. V. Warren, Apr. 6, 1867. 

vi. Lydia E., June 1, 1870; m. Edward F. Mann (27). 
vii Brainard W., Julv 17, 1872; d. Nov. 4, 1877. 









7. James S. (s. of Joseph^) ; m. Dec. 23, 1851, Clarinda A. Mat- 
thews, dau. of Joseph Matthews of Salem. Eesided in West 

Children, all except James A., born in Abington: 
16. i. James A., born in Hanover, May 8, 1856. 
ii. George E.; m. and 1. in Montello. 
iii. Sarah; m. Eathan Howard and has ch. 
iv. Irene F. ; m. Ellis A. White. Has c4i. 
V. Florence L. ; m. Ealph Clark. Had ch. 
Several children d. young. We are told by a member of this 
family that 16 children died in infancy or in early life. 

8. Martin W. (s. of Pianv^) ; m. first, Jan. 22, 1840, Abigail S. 
Puffer, dau. of John Puffer (1). She d. Nov. 9, 1859, and he m. 
secondly. May, 1860f Abigail Littlefield of Auburn, Me., where 
his family now resides. He d. in Feb., 1889 ? 

Children by 1st wife : 

i. William M., b. and d. in infancy. 

ii. Abby E., b. in H., Jan. 15, 1842 ; d. Oct. 20, 1842. 

iii. Edwin H., b. in H., Oct. 25, 1843; m. Emily Little- 
field of Auburn, Me. He d. April, 1902 or 3. 

iv. Dan, b. in H., Dec. 12, 1846. (No further record). 

V. Wm. M., b. in H., July 12, 1848 ; d. Sept. 10, 1868. 

vi. Lizzie E., b. in Haverhill, Dec. 1, 1854; m. Alonzo 
Thomas, s. of Charles Thomas (2). Moved to 
Auburn, Me. No ch. 

vii. A. Jane, b. Sept. 19, 1859. 
Children by second wife : 

viii. Charles, b. in Rockland, Jan. 5, 1864; m. Nellie 
Waterhouse, and has child Marian. 

ix. Joseph, b. Oct. 11, 1866; m. Nellie Coombs. No ch. 

X. Emma, b. in Hyde Park, Sept. 1, 1873; m. William 
Clement; 5 children. 

xi. Alfred H., b. May 23, 1875; m. Mabel Bailey; 2 ch. 

9. W. Wallace (s. of Piam^) ; m. Oct., 1855, Nancy C. Lane, dau. 
of Silas Lane. She was b. in East Abington, May 13, 1836, and 
d. Feb'y 20, 1891. He d. Aug. 7, 1897. 

Children born in East Abington : 

i. William E., Sept. 23, 1856; d. Jan. 12, 1857. 

ii. F. Wilbur, Apr. 11. 1858; unm. 

iii. Ida H., Sept. 8, 1859; m. Albert Crowell, s. of Free- 
man, of Hvannis ; ch. b. in Eockland : Wallace F., 
April 25, 1882. She d. Aug. 11, 1901. 

iv. Nettie L., Oct. 12, 1861 ; m. George Vinal, s. of Abner 
of Egypt, Mass. Has ch., Norman C. 

V. Charles E., Feb'y 6, 1863; unm. 

vi. Alice I., Aug. 31, 1866; unm. 

vii. Ella L., Aug. 4, 1869; d. Sept. 29, 1869. 

viii. Bertha W., March 23, 1874; d. May 13, 1884. 

ix. Arthur C, July 9, 1875; d. Sept. 4, 1875. 


10. John W. (s. oC Jolm^) ; m. Harriet Drake of Norwell. 
Children born in Norwell : 

i. Julia, 1856 ; d. young, 
ii. Nelson W., 1859 ; m. and 1. in West, 
iii. Martha E., Nov. 1-i, 1863, adopted by Albert Hobart 
of Eockland; ni. Elmer E. Binney (3). 

11. Charles H. (s. of John=5) ; m. first, June 7, 1868, Emma 
Spear, dau. of Edward S. Spear of Hingham. She "d. Dec. 14, 
1871, and he m. secondly, Slaria B. Ewell, dau. of Walter F. 
Ewell. She was b. in South Scituate, Dec, 1849. He d. Dec. 19, 
1898. Served in Civil War. 

Children by wife Emma, born in Eockland: 
i. Charles L; m. and lives in South Weymouth. Several 

ii. Child, d., aged 2 years. 
Children, by wife Maria B., born in So. Scituate : 
iii. Henry F., Mar. 14, 1877; m. Catherine Molsaac of 
Weymouth. Has ch. Martha F., b. in Weymouth. 
iv. W. Allen, March 36, 1879; m. Grace H. Baker, dau. 

of George H. Baker of Rockland. No ch. 
V. Julia E., Mar. 23, 1881; m. Louis W. Wheeler, s. of 

Warren Wheeler. 
vi. Irene M., Mar. 14, 1883; adopted by Frank A. Manser 
of Hingham. 
17. vii Frank W., Oct. 33, 1886. 

12. James E. (s. of John^) ; m. Nov. 1, 1868, Hannah M. Phil- 
lips, dau. of James C. Phillips, and gr. dau. of Absalom Phillips 
(1). She was b. in Hanson, Aug. 14, 1845. Served in the Civil 

Children born in Hanover: 
i. Edith M., Aug. 30, 1869; m. Elwin Spiller (1). 
ii. Edna M., Apr. 14, 1873 ; m. Lewis F. Bailey, s. of Ira 

E. Bailey and gr. s. of Lewis White (11). 
iii. Charles E., July '13, 1880. 

13. Joseph A. (s. of Joseph^) ; m. Sept. 13, 1883, Lydia F. Hill, 
dau. of Isaac Hill of Rockland. Resides in Rockland. 


Idren : 

. Wilbur F., Mar. 17, 1886. 

i. Carleton E., Aug. 4, 1893. 

14. Howard N. (s. of Joseph") ; m. Aug. 18, 1893, Lillie J 
Bates, dau. of James Bates (1). 
Children born in Hanover : 

i. H. Carleton, June 14, 1893. 

ii. Olive L., May 34, 1895. 

iii. Joseph N., Oct. 11, 1898. 


15. Warren (s. of Joseph^) ; m. first, Oct. 16, 1890, Cora L. 
Perry, of Pembroke. She d. July 24, 1893. He m. secondly, Oct 
18, 1894, Ella L. Tyler, of New Hampshire. She d. Mar. 2, 1!)02, 

Child born in Boston : 
i. Ruth L. Oct. 26, 1899 (adopted). 

16. James A. (s. gf James S."^) ; m. Feb. 19, 1876, Mary K. 
Chessman, dau. of Edward B. Chessman of South Weymouth, 
Resides in Abington. 

Children born in Abington: 
i. Everett A., Apr. 28, 1877; m. Oct. 24, 1893, Etta M. 

Winslow, of Portland, Me. Child born in Abington, 

Lillian E., May 17, 1894. 
ii. Alfred I., Nov. 26, 1880; m. Celia McElaney of Avon. 
iii. Mary E., July 15, 1887; m. William E. Cushing of 

iv. Harold C, Nov. 18, 1889. 
V. Herford C, May 15, 1895. 

17. Frank W. (s. of Charles H.^i) ; m. Pearl Leighton, dau. of 
James Leighton of Rockland. Resides on Main street, in tlie 
"Quincy Morse" house. 

Children : 
i. Carlton, 
ii. Flora. 


1. Edward 0. (s. of Edward A.) b. in Galena, Illinois, Feb'y 33, 
1853; m. Jan'y, 1875, Florence P. Simpson, dau. of Thomas C» 
Simpson. She was born in Newburyport, Mass., March 13, 1857. 
Resides on Main street, in house constructed by Rufus Crane. 
Children born in Northampton, Mass. : 
i. Edward 0., Sept. 34, 1876 ; m. Georgia M. Mason, dau. 
of George W. Mason. She was born at Fort Dodge, 
Iowa, Sept. 36, 1877. Ch. born at Fort Dodge, 
Mason 0., Oct. 2, 1905. Naval Architect at Wash- 
ington, D. C. 
ii. Lucilla S., March 7, 1878; m. Dr. Harry S. Giliium, 
of Manchester, Mass. He was b. Aug., 1873. No 


1. Leander (s. of Simeon), b. in S. Scituate, Nov. 18, 1858; m. 
first, Apr. 2, 1885, Jane E. Barry, dau. of Thomas Barry of 
Scituate. She d. in Rockland, and he m. secondly, Oct. 30, 1895, 
Pearle Nelson, dau. of George J. Nelson (1). She was b. in 
Grafton, Mass., June 3, 1876. 

Children by wife Jane E., born in Hanover : 


i. Jennie A., Dec. 9, 1886. 
ii. Percy L., Jan. 6, 1889. 
By wife Pearle, born in Hanover: 
iii. Vivienne H., Nov. 6, 1897. 
iv. Corienne H., May 13, 1903. 
V. Elta N., Aug. 25, 1907; d. April 11, 1908. 


1. David (s. of Benjamin, of Pembroke), b. in East Bridge- 
water, July 1, 1793, m. Aug. 24, 1816, Lydia Studley, dau. of 
Japheth Studley (5). She d. July 30, 1887. He d. Oct. :'>, 1876. 
Eesided on Circuit street, near the west Hanover station, in the 
house constructed by himself. 
Children born in Hanover: 

i. Sally L., Oct. 8, 1818; ni. David J. Davis (1). 

ii. Harriet L., Jan. 3, 1821; m. Seth H. Vinal (1). 

iii. Sophia S., July 11, 1826; m. Joseph Vinal (1). 


1. Eeuben W. (s. of Llewellyn D.), b. in Eoxbury, Feb. 11, 
1856; m. Sep. 22, 1881, Alice W. Wheeler. She was h. in Cam- 
bridge, Dec. 30, 1858. Came to H., Oct., 1901, 
Children born in Boston : 

i. Edith W., Dec. 13, 1883. 

ii. Llewellyn D., Oct. 9, 1885. 

iii. Euth W., Aug. 16, 1887. 


1. David J. (s. of Jonathan, of New York State), b. in 1811, 
and m. in 1834, Sally L. Darling, dau. of David Darling (1). 
She d. July 24, 1858, and he d. Feb'y 17, 1869. Eesided on Cir- 
cuit street, in the house of David Darling. 

Children born in Hanover: 
i. William S., Mar. 25, 1835; d. unm., June 15, 1861. 

2. ii. John T., Feb'y 25, 1841. 

iii. Lydia A., May 14, 1843; m. James B. Winslow (7). 

3. iv. Horace L., May 9, 1846. 

V. Cyrus W., Oct. 25, 1854; m. Feb'y 14, 1872, Serena 
E. Morse, dau. of Marcus Morse (2). Eesides in 
Brockton. No ch. She d. July 9. 1906. 

2. John T. (s. of David J.i) ; m. Nov. 19, 1864, Mary E. Mar- 
ston, dau. of Wm. 0. Marston of South Weymouth. Served in 
Civil War. Eesides in Brockton. 

Children born in Hanover, with exception of Wm. A., who 
was born in E. Abington: 
i. Walter W., Aug. 20, 1865; d. unm., Jan. 11, 1892. 
ii. William A., Jan'y 11, 1868; d. Feb'y 24, 1883. 


iii. Emma W., July 3, 1873; m. July 3, 1899, Joseph L. 

Lange, and lives in Attleboro. 
iv. Arthur G., May 7, 1879; unm. 

3. Horace L. (s. of David J.i) ; m. first, Oct. 3, 1869, Jane B. 
Perry, of Abington, dau. of Jonathan Perry. She d. Feb'y 8, 
1885, and he m. secondly, Olive Gushing, a wid., and dau. of 
Warren Hatch of Hingham. Eesidcs in Eockland. 
Ghildren by wife Jane E. : 
i. H. Irving, born in Eockland, Feb'y 22, 1875. 
11. Ethelyn, b. In H., May 17, 1877; m. William Studley, 
s. of Henry L. Studley of Norwell and has ch. b. in 
Eockland, Frank, Myra and Dorothy. 


1. Franklin A. (s. of Nathaniel), b. at East Weymouth, Mass., 
Aug. 8, 1846; m. Frances E. Simmons, dau. of Martin Simmons 
of Duxbury. He d. at Indio, Galifornia, July 12, 1901. While 
in H. he resided on Broadway, near the Gorners. Eemoved to 
California, where his widow now resides. 
Ghildren born in Hanover: 

1. Frank N., Apr. 16, 1871. 

li. Fannie B., June 6, 1872. 

iii. Lottie M., Jan. 27, 1874. 

iv. Emma A., Feb. 24, 1877. 

V. Son , Nov. 24, 1879, d. aged 4 days. 


1. Frederick W. (s. of Thoams), b. in Ghelsea, Feb. 7, 1863; m. 
Jan. 1, 1891, Bessie A. Harvey, dau. of 'George W. Harvey. She 
was b. in Halifax, Nova Scotia, Nov. 1, 1863. 
Ghildren : 

1. George G., b. in E. Boston, Feb. 19, 1892. 

li. Mabel B., b. in E. Boston, July 18, 1893. 

iii. Marion E., b. in E. Boston, May 5, 1896. 

iv. Euth M., b. in H., June 13, 1900. 

V. G. Mildred, b. In H., Sep. 23, 1903. 


1. William (s. of Eev. Ebenezer of Scituate), b. 1790; m. first, 
Apr. 28, 1814, Bathsheba Torrey, dau. of William Torrey of 
Pembroke; m. Aug. 18, 1846, secondly, Amy Bailey, dau. of John 
Bailey (10), and wid. of Edward Barstow (31). Eesided on Wash- 
ington street, in the house now owned and occupied by Mrs. 
Edward Barstow. He d. Feb'y 19, 1867. His wife d. Aug. 29, 

Ghildren by wife Bathsheba : 

I. William E., d. at sea, aet. 19 yrs. 

II. Elizabeth A., d. aet. 18 mos. 



1. John F. (s. of Francis), I), in Dcci-fiekl, N. II., Jan. 5, 1855; 
ni. Jan. 4, 1891, Edith F. Jossclyn, dau. of Cyrus B. Josselyn 
(45). Resides on King street, in the house constructed by him- 

Child born in Hanover: 
i. Edna C, Apr. 26, 1893. 


1. Walter C. (s. of Fred C), b. in Marlboro, Mass., June 9, 
1879; m. Jan. G, 1900, Abbie C. IJatcii, dau. of B. Sanford Hatch 

Child born in Hanover : 
i. Zilpha A., Aug. 25, 1901. 
Fred C. Deane has been for a number of years janitor of the 
Town Hall, Hanover. 


1. Thomas (s. of Dennis), b. in Ireland; m. Jan'y 6, 1859, Mary 
A. Crowley, dau. of Patrick Crowley. She was b. in Ireland. 
Resides on Webster street, east of Whiting street, in liouse con- 
structed by himself. 

Children : 
i. Mary J., b. in Rockland, June 20, 18G1 ; ni. Nov. 28, 

1889, Thomas A. Gallagher, s. of Michael of Ireland. 

Ch. born in Rockland: 

i. Mary E., Aug. 16, 1891. 

ii. Leo. A., May 26, 1894. 

iii. Fred T., Oct. 17, 1895. 

iv. Winifred, May 7, 1897; d. 

V. George A., .June 9, 1898. 

vi. Alfred D., April 13, 1901. 

vii. Agnes C, June 20, 1905. 
ii. Julia A., b. in Rockland, March 16, 1863; m. Samuel 

J. Torrey, s. of James Torrey of Abington. No 


2. iii. David D., b. in H., Aug. 1, 1867. 

iv. Catherine, b. in H., April 17, 1869; d. July 13, 1878. 
V. Thomas P., b. in H., 1871 ; d. Jan. 18, 1879. 
vi John J., b. in 11., Jan'y 11, 1874. 
vii. Nellie G., b. in H., Jan'y 27, 1876. 

3. viii. Fred ^., b. in H., Dec. 19, 1878. 
ix. J. Theresa, b. in IT., Oct. 1, 1880. 

Two children died young. 

2. David D. (s. of Thomas^) ; m. June 30, 1896, Mary O'Con- 
nor, dau. of Michael O'Connor, of Ireland. She was b. in County 
Kerry, Ireland, Feb. 18, 1868.. 


Children born in Hingham: 
i. John T., May 2, 1897. 
ii. Mary A., Apr. 9, 1899. 
iii. Katlieriue, June 30, 1901. 
iv. David F., Feb. 27, 1904. 

3. Fred S. (s. of Thomas^) ; m. June 19, 1901, Lillian B. Mor- 
gan, dau. of P. F. Morgan of Boston. 
Child born in Eockland: 
i. Frederick M., Jan'y 22, 1903. 


1. Henry (s. of ) J m. Sarah Curtis, dau. of Jesse 

Curtis (10). Served in Eevolutionary Army, and d. Dec. 7th, 
1797. His wid. probably d. in 1825. Had at least one son, 
Henry, who also served in War of Eevolution, enlisting in 1782. 
Henry lived, a part of his life at least, in an old house long since 
gone, which stood east of Main street, in what is now called the 
"Dillingham Field." 


1. Meletiah (s. of John of Sandwich?) m. first. Oct. 28, 1723, 
Mary, dau. of Benjamin Curtis (3). She d. Dec. 17, 1727-28. 
He m. secondly, Feb. 18, 1730-31, Phebe Hatch, dau, of James 
Hatch (5). She d. Jan. 31, 1731-32, and he m. thirdly, Jan. 31, 
1734-35, Mariah Gilford. She d. Dec. 21, 1784, aged 75 yrs. 
He d. Jan'y 25, 1786, aged 86 yrs. Eesided the last of his life 
on Washington street, in the "Eells House." (See chapter on 
Old Houses). 

Children born in Hanover, by wife Mary : 

2. i. Lemuel. 
By wife Phebe: 

ii. Mephibosheth, Dec. 29, 1730; d. June 9, 1731-2. 
By wife Mariah : 
iii. Lydia, March 22, 1735. 
iv. Hannah, Feb. 6, 1737. 
V. Content, June 30, 1739. 
vi. Thomas, Mar. 17, 1741. 

3. vii. Joshua, Mar. 21, 1743. 
viii. Meriboh, Nov. 4, 1745. 
ix. William, Sept. 16, 1747. 
X. Ann, Sept. 9, 1749. 

xi. Phebe, Jan. 14, 1751. 
Note : — Was there a s. Edward by the first wife ? 

2. Lemuel (s. of Meletiah^) ; m. Sept., 1756, Sarah Palmer, dau. 
of Joshua Palmer. 

Children born in Hanover: 


i. Lemuel, July 18, 1757. 

ii. Joshua, Nov. 13, 1758. 

iii. Sarah, Dec. 26, 1760. 

iv. Lydia. 

V. Josiah. 
3. Joslma (s. of Meletiah^) ; ni. July 6, 1773, Hannah Eogers, 
dau. of Thcmas Rogers. They moved to New York in 1793. 
Children born in Hanover: 

i. Stephen, Mar. 6, 1774. 

ii. Deborah, June 11, 1775. 

iii. Otis, Mar. 5, 1777. 

iv. Joshua, Oct. 12, 1778; d. Oct. 3, 1779. 

V. Lydia, Nov. 12, 1779. 

vi. Joshua, July 20, 1781. 

vii. Hannah, Mar. 11, 1783. 

viii. Sarah, Sept. 12, 1784. 

ix. Rhoda, Sept. 4, 1787. 


1. Edward D. (s. of ), b. in Rosendale, Wisconsin; 

m. June 21, 1892, Martha Manning, of Andover, Mass. He 
became pastor of the 1st Congregational Church of H., Aug. 1st, 

Children born in Hanover: 

i. Elaine M., Dec. 5, 1895; d. Jan. 16, 1896. 

ii. Maud B., July 23, 1897. 


1. Joseph, was in H. in 1760; m. Sarah Palmer. Probably 
lived at "Cricket Hole." 

Children : 
i. Joseph. 

ii. Thomas, d. in Revolutionary War. 
iii. Patience S. ; m. Levi Mann (6). 

2. iv. Samuel, b. 1765. 

V. Rebecca, m. Laban Wilder (1). 

vi. Charles, d. Sept. 14, 1832, aet. 62 yrs. 

2. Samuel (s. of Joseph^) ; m. Jan. 2, 1794, Jane D. Barstow, 
dau. of Thomas Barstow (12). He d. June 5, 1807, and his wid. 
d. June 11, 1808. Probably lived in his father's house for a time, 
and later on Broadway, near where J. W. Beal now resides. 

Children born in Hanover: 
i. Samuel, moved to Bath, Me, and d. there, 
ii. Jane B., m. B. Calvin Bailey (19). 
iii. Thomas, d. Dec. 2, 1802, aet. 20 mos. 
iv. John, d. in South America. 

3. V. Thomas B., Feb., 1804. 


3. Thomas B, (Capt.) (s. of Samuel^). "Shipmaster," m. first, 
Oct. 6, 1843, Euth Curtis, dau. of Eeuben Curtis (44). She d. 
Jan. 21, 1849, and he m. secondly, Jan. 13, 1850, Sarah Bailey, 
dau. of Ezekiel Bailey, and gr. dau. of Charles Bailey (7). He 
d. Mar. 8, 1865, and his wid. d. Aug. 10, 1891. Eesided on Elm 
street in house now occupied by Eeuben C, his son. 

Children by wife Euth, born in Hanover : 
i. Abby C, June 17, 1844; m. Aug. 26, 1866, Albert Y. 
Sutton, s. of William Sutton. Eesides in Broken 
Bow, Nebraska. Ch. 
i. Jennie E., Mar. 29, 1870; m. Jan. 14, 1892, J. 

E. Dean, s. of Henry Dean, 
ii. Albert W., Nov. 15, 1873; d. Aug. 8, 1874. 
iii. Herbert 0., Jan. 29, 1875; m. June 11, 1901, 

Hattie A. Tripp, dau. of Hamilton Tripp, 
iv. Victor E., Aug. 19, 1876; d. Aug. 13, 1877. 
V. Abbie D., Sept. 16, 1878; d. July 17, 1881. 
ii. Jane B., Aug. 5, 1845; m. Henry Pratt (6). 
Children by wife Sarah, born in Hanover: 
4. iii Eeuben C, Nov. 23, 1850. 

iv. Nancy C, Aug. 7, 1852; d. Jan. 31, 1873. 

4. Eeuben C. (s. of Thomas B.s) ; m. 1st, Nov. 25, 1891, Mary 
E. Gomley, dau. of John, of Abington. She d. June 19, 1901, 
and he m. 2d, Nov. 9, 1904, Louise G. Gomley, dau. of John, of 
Abington. Eesides on Elm street in his father's house. Se- 

Child born in Hanover by wife Louise G. : 
1. Bailey C, Aug. 16, 1905. 


1. Edward (s. of John, of Liverpool, England) b. April 6, 1814; 
m. in 1848, Ann Short, who was b. in Ireland in 1824. Came 
to Hanover in 1866. He d. May 1, 1885, and his wid. d. Sept. 
17, 1893, aged 69 years. Eesided on Circuit street, near the 
end of Winter street. 
Children : 
i. Catherine M., b. in Maine, April 6, 1851. 
ii. Sarah E., b. Jan. 16, 1857; m. Aug. 5, 1879, John 
E. Hobel, of Pembroke, Mass., and has ch : Anna 
M., who m. Edwin Totman; Helena F., Edith F., 
and Edward, 


1. Francis J., b. in East Abington, Mav 28, 1871; m. Oct. 7, 
1896, Edith Havens, dau. of Eussell IL Havens (1). Ee- 
sides on Circuit street in house constructed by himself. 
Children born in Hanover: 


i. Francis J., b. 1897; d. 1897. 

ii. Carleton ¥., b. Dee. 31, 1899. 

iii. Nellie D., b. Apr. 13, 1902. 

iv. Howard S., b. Aug. 22, 1904. 


1. Dennis W. (s. of Eichard), b. in Marshfield, Mass., Feb. 16, 
1874; m. Feb. 27, 1899, Annie L. Murphy, dan. of William H. 
Murphy. She was b. in Weymouth, Feb. 14, 1873. Came to H. 
in January, 1907. 
Children : 
i. Helen A., b. in Dorchester. March 3, 1900. 
ii. Frances, b. in Braintree, Dec. 10, 1904. 


1. Wlliam H. (Rev.) (s. of Thomas), b. in New Bedford, Jan. 15, 
1837; m. May 8, 1859, Anna E. Green, dau. of Hosea Green, b. in 
Ashburuham, Feb'y 16, 1839. Came to H. in 1879. Pastor of 
1st Congregational Church for several years. Eesides on Hanover 
street in the old "Samuel Stetson" house. (See chapter on Old 

Children : 

i. Frank H., b. in Gardner, Mass., Aug. 6, 1860. 

ii. Mariara G., b. in Pelham, Mass., Nov. 30, 1862; m. 
William S. Curtis, s. of Eobert S. Curtis (76). 

iii. Imilda L., b. in Pelham., Mass., Aug. 8, 1864. 

iv. Harry S., b. in Lunenberg, Mass., July 2, 1870. 


1. Thomas (s. of John), b. in England, May 27, 1867; m. Oct. 
13, 18S8, Helena F. McGarry, dau. of John McGarry. She was 
b. in England, Dec. 19, 1868. Came to H. in 1898. 
Children : 

i. John I., b. in Medford, July 12, 1890. 

ii. Thomas H., b. in Medford, Nov. 13, 1892. 

iii. William A., b. in Medford, June 12, 1894. 

iv. Ethel M., b. in Newton, Aug. 19, 1895. 

v. Lillian M., b. in H., Nov. 19, 1899. 


1. Eoger (s. of John ), b. in Ireland; m. June 16, 1895, 

Barbara Conley, dau. of John Conley of Ireland. 
Children born in Hanover: 

i. Bartley C, Oct. 7, 1896. 

ii. Katherine E., July 10, 1898. 

iii. John M., Nov. 22, 1901 



1. Harry (s. of ), b. in New York; m. July , 
1863, Nellie J. Foster, dau. of Dwight Foster. She was b. in 
Boston, Jan. 11, 1836. He d. and his wid. m, James W. Turner 


Child born in Medf ord : 
2. i. Charles B., Aug. 15, 1864. 

2. Charles B. (s. of Harryi) ; m. Sept. 25, 1886, Myrtie F. 
Brooks, dau. of Edward G. Brooks (15). 

Two adopted daughters, both born in Boston: 
i. Mabel, Nov. 12, 1899. 
ii. Eleanor F., Apr. 5, 1900 ; d. Sep. 2, 1901. 


1. Thomas (s. of Cyrus of Hanson), b. in Falmouth, Nov. 3, 
1845 ; m. July 2, 1868, Ella J. Bourne, dau. of William H. 
Bourne. She was b. Jan. 25, 1846. He served in Civil War. 
Postmaster. Merchant. Besides on Broadway, near Myrtle street. 
Children born in Hanson: 
i. Jane F., Feb. 11, 1871; m. Fred W. Phillips (3). 
ii. Thomas W., Feb. 8, 1874; d. Apr. 5, 1893. 
A large part of the pictures in this book are by Mr. Drew. 


1. Amos (s. of Amos), of Hingham, b. Sept. 1, 1786. A currier 
by trade; m. first, Abigail Gray, dau. of James Gray (2). She d. 
Feb. 12, 1830; m. secondly. May 18, 1835, Rebecca Gray, dau. of 
James Gray (2). Resided on Washington street, near the end of 
Henry's Lane. 

Children by wife Abigail born in Hanover: 
i. Deborah, July 8, 1808; m. David Bailey, s. of David 

Bailey (16). 
ii. Amos, Aug. 23, 1811; m. Maria Lyon, resided in Wey- 
iii. Abigail, Sept. 25, 1814; m. Richmond Farrow, of So. 

iv. Lucinda, Mar. 22, 1817; m. Gilman Thompson of 

V. Ruth R., Feb. 16, 1820; m. Rufus K. Trott of Wey- 
vi. Elizabeth G., Jan. 24, 1825 ; m. Jeremiah Bailey, s. of 

David Bailey (16). 
vii. Emma F., Dec. 14, 1828; m. Apr. 25, 1850, Alex. 
Sherman of Weymouth. 
Children ])v wife Rebecca: 
2. viii. James W., Mar. 26, 1837. 

ix. Harriet M., Jan. 5; d. Oct. 5, 1842. 


2. James W. (s. of Amos^) ; m. Martha A. Gardner, dau. of 
Horatio jST. Gardner of So. Scituate. She d. 1908. Eesides in 


i. George P. 

ii. Frank W. 

iii. Sidney G. 

iv. Edwin C. 

V. Wilmer N. 


1. Rev. Abel G., b. in Chester, Vt., in 1799; s. of Jason Jr. and 
w. Lucy; gr. s. of Jason and w. Sarah (Gates), an early settler 
of Dummerston, Vt., memb. of Leg., J. P., Judge, etc., gr. gr. s. 
of Simeon and w. Bridget (Eiohardson) ; and gr. gr. gr. s. of 
John, of Edinburgh, Scotland, who m. Sarah Button, and resided 
and d. in Worcester, Mass. Rev. x\bel G. m. Sept. 23, 1838, Lucia 
A. Harlow of Harvard, Mass., who d. Oct. 12, 1851. He d. Apr. 
23, 1870. Pastor of 1st Congregational Church many years. Mr. 
Duncan married three times — the last wife surviving him. 

Children : 
i. Laura J., July 9, 1829; m. Aug. 1853, Nahum D. 
King, s. of William King. She d. Oct. 22, 1859. 
Children : 

i. Lucia E., May 17, 1854; m. James W. Rich- 
mond (1). 
ii. William A., June 8, 1855. 
2. ii. William P., Apr. 1, 1831. 

iii. Lucia A., Dec. 20, 1832; m. Nov. 27, 1859, Henry 
Dean, s. of Paddock Dean. She d. Apr. 1881. Ch: 
Joseph and Edward. 

2. William P. (s. of Abel G.i) ; m. Oct. 28, 1860, Abbie F. Crane, 
dau. of John Crane of Berkley. He d. July 31, 1903. 

Children : 
i. John F., b. in Freetown, May 1, 1862. 
ii. Laura M., b. in Freetown, Oct. 31, 1865; d. in 1867. 
iii. Payson W., b. in Cambridge, Feb. 8, 1868 ; m. Oct. 23, 

1901, Anna M. Plummer, dan. of Gordon Pluinmer 

of Brookline. 


1. Richard, probably came from England, and was in Hingham 
about 1660, and, previous thereto, in Lancaster, Mass. He came 
to Scituate about 1665, and his farm was about a mile north of 
the Third Herring brook. He resided in the house formerly 
owned by Capt. Scth Foster, but now owned by Henry D. Smith, 
which house he probably constructed. Served in King Phillips' 


War, and d. May 27, 1692. He m. in 1690, for his second wife, 
Elizabeth Simmons, who d. Feb'y 24, 1708. 
Children : 
i. Eichard, bap. in Hingham, March 10, 1659-60; m. 

April 4, 1682, Amy, dau. of Eoger Glass of Duxbury 

and had ch: 

i. Mary, 1684; m. Nathaniel Brewster of Dux- 
bury, Dec. 24, 1705. 

ii. Eichard, 1685; m. first, Oct. 13, 1712, Grace 
Turner. She d., Feb. 16, 1716, and he m. sec- 
ondly, Margaret Pratt, dau. of John Pratt of 
Plympton, Ch. by wife Grace: i., Eichard, b. 
1714; ii., Grace, b. 1716; m. Dec. 18, 1734, Jesse 
Turner, from whom she was divorced, marrying 
secondly, Aug. 2, 1742, Joseph Church. Ch. by 
wife Margaret: iii., Thankful. 

iii. Elizabeth, 1687; m. Dec. 21, 1710, Joseph 
White of Marshfield. 

iv. Joshua, 1689. 

V. Euth, 1691; m. Nov. 9, 1715, Thomas Stack. 

vi. Samuel, 1693. 

vii. Lydia, 1695 ; m. Jan. 1, 1712-13, Henry Burditt. 

viii. Margaret, 1696; m. Apr. 13, 1725, Henry 
Merritt Jr. 
ii. Mary, bap. in Hingham, Feb'y 28, 1663-64. 

2. iii. John. 

iv. Samuel, d. in Philips Expedition to Canada. 
2. John (s. of Eichard^), b. about 1660; m. Jan. 4, 1692, Eachel 
Buck, dau. of Cornet John, and d. 1718, and his wid. m. James 
Sprout of Middleboro, and d. in 1737. Eesided in Scituate, near 
Dwelley's creek. 
Children : 

3. i. John, Jan. 15, 1693-4. 

ii. Eachel, Sept. 27, 1695; m. Oct. 27, 1713, Caleb 

iii. Ichabod, Dec. 30, 1696; d. young, 
iv. Obadiah, Feb. 21, 1696-7, d. March 17, 1706. 

4. V. Jedediah, Sept. 5, 1698. 

5. vi. Abner, Mar. 7, 1700. 

vii. Simeon, Dec. 22, 1701 ; d. unm., 1723. 
viii. Deborah, July 25, 1703; m. Feb. 17, 1724, Isaac Keen 
of Pembroke, and d. previous to 1743. 

6. ix. Joseph, bt. May 6, 1705. 

X. Thankful, Dec. 12, 1706; m. Feb. 3, 1725, William 

Forbes of West Bridgewater. 
xi. Mary, May 18, 1708; m. Coombs Barrows, 
xii. Benjamin, May 22, 1709. 
xiii. Susannah, Dec. 19, 1711. 


xiv. Mercy, Sept. 24, 17U; m. Feb. 18, 1731, Josh. Lin- 
XV. Lemuel, June 25, 1717; d. iinm. abt. 1743. 

3. John (s. of John2) ; m. Dec. 20, 1721, Judith Bryant. Re- 
sided in Scituate. He d. May 15, 1743. 

Children : 
i. John, 1722; d. June 17, 1743. 
ii. Simeon, 1725; d. July 26, 1743. 

iii. Ruth, 1726; m. David Clapp and d. June 6, 1743, aged 
18 years. Had one son, Dwelley Clapp, who m. 
Abigail, dau. of Thomas Gray (1). 
iv. Benjamin, 1729; d. April 16, 1743. 
Note : Father and four children died the same year. 

4. Jedediah (s. of John-) ; m. Oct. 7, 1725, Elizabeth House, 
dau. of Joseph of Scituate. He d. Apr. 16, 1738. Resided corner 
of Green and Pine streets, in what is now Norwell. 

Children born in Scituate: 

i. Elizabeth, Apr. 27, 1726. 

ii. Deborah, Sept. 22, 1728. 

iii. Lusannah, Mar. 20, 1730. 

7. iv. Abner, Mar. 6, 1733. 

8. V. Joshua, July 20, 1735. 

9. vi. Jedediah, Mar. 15, 1737. 
vii. Lot, bt. Mar. 16, 1741. 

5. Abner (s. of John^) ; m. Oct. 12, 1721, Sarah Witherell, who 
d. in 1730. He d. Sept. 1, 1732 "by falling from a load of hay.'' 
Selectman. Resided on Elm street, in Hanover. (See chapter on 
Old Houses). This Abner made a noncupative will in which he 
provided that the wid. Barstow should have enough to purcliase 
her a mourning gown. 

Children born in Hanover; of these children William and 
Sarah L. were the onlv ones living at their father's death : 
i. Bradbury, July 17," 1722; d. 1728. 
ii. William, Apr. 13, 1724; m. in 1744, Deborah Jones., 
iii. James L., Jan. 5, 1726. 
iv. Sarah L., Dec. 2, 1728. 
V. Luke L., March 21, 1730. 

6. Joseph (s. of John2) ; m. Oct. 9, 1729, Mary Randall, dau. of 
Isaac Randall, he d. abt. 1748, and his wid. m. a Barker. 

Children : 

i. Lusannah, bt. Nov. 8, 1730; d. unm., pi-evious to 1752. 

ii. Mary, Jan. 15, 1731. 

iii. Drusilla, Dee. 11, 1733; d. unm., previous to 1752. 

iv. Bradbury, Nov. 26, 1735; d. unm., previous to 1752. 

10. V. Joseph, Oct. 14, 1737. 

vi. Lemuel, Aug. 10, 1741. 


vii Euth, Jan. 8, 1743. 
viii. John, bt. Apr. 9, 1749. 

7. Abner (s. of Jedediah"*) ; m. first, Dec. 20, 1755, Elizabeth 
Brown, probably a wid., and secondly, probably Mrs. Deborah 
House. This family moved first to Western Massachusetts, and 
later to Washington Co., New York. Descendants numerous. 
Served in Eevolutionary Army. Died 1803. 

Children, first five of whom were born in Scituate: 
i. Abner, Jan. 10, 1758. Served in Revolutionary Army 

and died 1826. 
ii. Jedediah, Oct. 5, 1760. 
iii. Elizabeth, Sept. 18, 1762. 
iv. Lucy, Sept. 9, 1766. 
v. Deborah, Nov. 13, 1768. 
vi. Lemuel, 
vii. Asa. 

8. Joshua (s. of Jedediah^) ; m. Dec. 24. 1761, Avis Eamsdell, 
■dau. of Joseph Eamsdell (4). Eesided in H., first on Hanover 
street, on Woodward Hill, and then on corner of Main and Union 
streets. He d. Mar. 15, 1787, and his wid. d. Mar. 19, 1831, aet. 
'90 yrs. He was a soldier in the Eevolutionary War. (See chapter 
•on Old Houses). 

Children born in Hanover: 
i. Deborah, b. Oct. 18, 1762; m. Apr. 13, 1786, Asa 
Wliiting (9). 
Lemuel, b. Nov. 7, 1764. 
Joshua, b. Dec. 13, 1766. 
Jedediah, b. Nov. 26, 1768, d. Nov. 21, 1786, aet. 18 

Avis, b. Nov. 21, 1770; d. Aug. 26, 1786. 
Joseph, Nov. 2, 1772. Eemoved to Maine. 
Lucy, Sept. 18, 1775; m. Seth Eose (7). 
viii. Priscilla, May 20, 1780; m. Joshua Stetson (35). 
Note: Priseilla was born on the "dark day." 

"9. Jedediah (s. of Jedediah'*). He was of Pembroke, and m. Feb. 
14, 1763, Lydia Soule, of Duxbury. She d. Apr. 20, 1819, aet. 79 
jrs. He was a soldier in the French war. 
Children were : 
i. Charles, of Maine. 

ii. Benjamin: m. Dec. 7, 1788, Bradbury E. Stetson, dau. 
of Benjamin Stetson (27). Eesided in Pembroke, 
iii. Huldah ; m. Christopher Thomas, of Pembroke, 
iv. Lucv; m. Charles Josselyn (20). 
13. v. Nathan. 

vi. Aaron. Eesided and d. in Pelham, Mass. 
vii. George; m. Hope Cushing, Oct. 11, 1826. Eesided in 






' V. 




viii. Lydia; m. Elislia K. Josselvu, s. of Charles Josselyn 

10. Joseph (s. of Joseph*^); m. Jan. 7, 1762, Mary Magoun of 


14. i. Melzar (Doctor) and others. 

11. Lemuel (s. of Joshua^) ; m. 1st, Nov. 5, 1796, Jane Cushing^ 
dau. of Col. David Gushing of Hingham. She d. Dec. 1, 1816, 
aet. 44 yrs., and he m., secondly, Dec, 1818, Lucia Turner of" 
Charlestown, dau. of Joseph Turner (3). He d. Oct. 29, 1846, 
and his wid. d. Sept. 33, 1874. Eesided at corner of Union and 
Main streets. Was for many years connected with the Curtis 

Children by wife Jane, born in Hanover: 

15. i. Lemuel, June 18, 1798. 

ii. Jane E., Dec. 9, 1804; m. first, Apr. 21, 1837, George 
Merriam of Boston, who d. abt. 1830, and she m., 
secondly, William H. Curtis (57). Gh. by hus- 
band George Merriam, born in Boston: 
i. George R., Feb. 1828; d. May, 1843. 
ii. Jane E., Nov. 12, 1839; m. L. Ansiistus Poole 

iii. George E., Sept. 27, 1807 ; d. Nov. 1827. 
iv. Jedediah; d. at Middleton College, Mar. 2i}. 1834, aged 
19 yrs. 
Children by wife Lucia, born in Hanover: 
V. Joseph T., Sept. 33, 1819; d. Oct. 8, 1836. 
vi. Mary T., Nov. 10, 1831; m. Joseph Briggs (4). 

12. Joshua (s. of Joshua^) ; m. Mar. 16, 1797, Eachel Hatch, 
dau. of John Hatch (9). She d. Dec. 11, 1831, and he d. Dec. 14, 
1847. Eesided in Hanover on Union St., where John H. Dwelley 
now resides. 

Children born in Hanover: 

16. i. Joshua, Aug. 17, 1798. 

ii. Eachel, May 3, 1800; m. Benjamin Bailev (22). 

17. iii. John, June 21, 1802. 

iv. Almira, Aug. 14, 1806; d. Dec. 9, 1807. 

V. Deborali, Jan. 18, 1808; m. Joseph C. Stockbridge, s. 
of Joseph Stockbridge of South Scitnate, and had 
one son, Hosea J., who m. Julia Brown. 

18. vi. Joseph, April 6, 1813. 

13. Nathan (s. of Jedediah'-*) ; m. first, Sept. 26, 11 93, Elizabeth 
Bonney; and, secondly. Amy Bonney. Eesided and d. in Pem- 

Children born in Pembroke : 
i. Betsey, Aug. 21, 1794; d. Dec. 31, 1798. 


19. ii. Nathan, Feb. 19, 1797. 

iii. Maiy D., Feb. 1, 1799; m. Melzar Sprague (1). 
iv. Amy M., Feb'y 26, ISOl ; d. unm., Mar. 4, 1880. 

20. V. James H., Sept. 22, 1803. 

vi. Abner, Sep. 20, 1806; d. Nov. 2, 1811. 

vii. Chloe B., Sept. 12, 1808; m. first, Aug. 7, 1831, Septa 

Keith, and, secondly, Thomas Perldns, in 1838. 
viii. Hannah B., Oct. 29; d. Nov. 5, 1811. 
ix. Hannah B., Feb'y 13, 1813; m. Silas Hollis (1). 

14. Melzar (s. of Joseph^o), with w. Sally, came to H. from 
Ashburnham in 1797, and settled on Hanover St., in the house 
now standing and occupied by Aipheus N. Chamberlin, where he 
d. Nov. 25, 1828, aet. 57 yrs., and his wid. d. Feb. 10, 1811, aet. 
65 yrs. Physician. 

Children born in Hanover, except George W. : 
i. George W., Feb. 25, 1796. 

ii. Charles, March, 1798; m. first, a Thayer, and, sec- 
ondly a Spear. Eesided in South Boston, 
iii. Sally S., Oct. 15, 1799; m. Dec. 25, 1820, Asia Phil- 
lips, of Ashburnham. 
iv. Harriet, Nov. 25, 1801 ; d. Dec. 14, 1818. 
V. John M., Nov. 17, 1803; d. unm., July 9, 1883. 
vi. Augustus, Feb. 7, 1806; d. in Leominster, 
vii. Caroline, Aug. 23, 1808 ; m. Nov. 30, 1831, Horatio N. 

Willard of Ashburnham. 
viii. Abigail \Y., Julv 23, 1810; d. Oct., 1812. 
ix. Frederick, July" 16, 1812; d. unm., May 26, 1866. 
X. Abigail W., Aug. 12, 1814; m. Leavitt L. Stockbridge 

xi. Ann S., Nov., 1816; m. Jan. 22, 1843, David P. Hatch 
of Marshfield, s. of Israel Hatch. He d. June 11, 
1876, and his v id. d. Feb. 5, 1882. Ch : 
i. John F., Sept. 18, 1843; m. June 12, 1836, 
Elizabeth J. Simonds, dau. of Abel Simonds, of 
ii. Ann A., Feb. 6, 1845; d. Apr. 27, 1846. 
iii. Susan P., Mar. 17, 1848; m. Rev. Henry M. 

Perkins, s. of Justin Perkins, 
iv. David P., Oct. 16, 1856; m. first,— Patton, dau. 
of Dr. Patton, of Washington ; and, secondly, Cora 
Johnson. A dau. Mary m. George F. Simonds, 
s. of Abel Simonds of Fitchburg. 

15. Lemuel (s. of LemuePi) ; m. Apr. 21, 1827, Sarah J. Bailey, 
dau. of Calvin Bailey (12). Resided on Union street. Selectman. 
He d. April 15, 1878, and his wid. d. April 23, 1893. (See chap- 
ter on Old Houses). 

Children born in Hanover: 









George E., Dec. 5, 1829. 

Edwin B., Jan. 2, 1831. 

Jeclediah, Feb. 28, 1834. 

Sarah B., Mar. 6, 1836; m. Joshua E. Bates, s. of 

Joshua Bates (39). He died in the Civil War. 
V. Charles H., Oct. 7, 1842; m. Dec. 31, 1866, Myra A. 

Chamberlin, dau. of Is^orman Chamberlin (1). No 

eh. Eesides on Union street. 

16. Joshua (s. of Joshua^^) . ^^ gj-gt^ l^ov. 3, 1823, Betsey 
Bailey, dau. of Charles Bailey (13). She d. Aug. 2, 1825; m., 
secondly, Keziah Bailey, dau. of George W. Bailey (15), Jan. 16, 
1827. She d. May 27, 1890. He d. Jan. 30, 1842. Resided on 
Circuit street, near corner of Summer street. (See chapter on 
Old Houses). 

Cliild born in Hanover by wife Betsey : 

i. Joshua; d. Aug. 25, 1825. 
Children by wife Keziah : 

24. ii. Joshua, Jan. 7, 1828. 

iii. Betsey B., Nov. 18, 1829; m. Joshua S. Whiting (26). 
iv. Laurentia C, Mar. 20, 1832: m. Rufus T. Estes (20). 

25. V. Melzar B., Feb. 5, 1835. 

vi. George B., Aug. 7 ; d. Nov. 10, 1841. 

17. John (s. of Joshua^2) • ^^ April, 1829, Mary Stockbridge, 
dau. of Joseph Stockbridge of South Scituate. He d. Nov. 11, 
1857. She d. Aug. 19, 1893, aged 89 yrs., 5 mos. Resided on 
Union street, in his father's house. 

Children born in Hanover: 
i. Almira, Jan'y, 1833; d. May 3, 1839. 
ii. John H., Feb'y 18, 1835; d. imm., 1907. 
iii. Hosea, Dec. 10, 1836. Served in Civil War: d. unm., 
June 27, 1866. 

26. iv. Joseph S., Feb'y 14, 1839. 

V. Mary, Dec. 31, 1843; m. July 27, 1861, Minot H. 
Hayden, s. of Stephen Hayden of Randolph. Had 
a son, Hosea M., b. June 30, 1866, who d. Dec. 22, 
1876. Minot H. Hayden d. June 13, 1868, and his 
wid. m. Luther Litchfield (4). 

18. Joseph (s. of Joshuai2) ; m. Feb'y 3, 1836, Sally Stock- 
bridge, dau. of Joseph Stockbridge of South Scituate. He d. 
Feb'y 7, 1868, and his wid. d. Apr. 20, 1879. Resided on Main 
street, in the house constructed by himself, and now occupied by 
his grandson, J. Howard Brooks. 

Child born in Hanover : 
i. Almira J., Aug. 3, 1840; m. Ara Brooks (14). 

19. Capt. Nathan (s. of Nathan^^) ; m. Dec. 5, 1822, Huldah B. 
Eells, dau. of Robert Eells (8). She d. July 23, 1868, and he d. 


Mar. 17, 1882. Capt. of H. Rifle Co. for a time. Resided at the 
Corners, in a house which stood on the location of "Hotel Jos- 

Children born in Hanover: 
i. Elizabeth E., Nov. 29, 1823 ; m. Nov. 28, 1847, Walda 
Bradford of Bridgewater. He d. June 23, 1875, and 
his wid. d. May 30, 1881. Ch. : 
i. Nathan W., Apr. 4, 1849 ; m. Nov., 1872, Ellen 
L. Wheeler of Brockton, and has ch: Charles L., 
Oct. 21, 1874. 
ii. Frances B., Aug. 31, 1851; m. Dec. 15, 1875, 
David S. Hall of Brockton, and has ch : Ethel M., 
Oct. 5, 1883. 
27. ii. Robert E., Sept. 14, 1825. 

iii. Huldah B., June 8, 1830; d. Mar. 6, 1833. 
iv. Nathan H., May 7, 1832; d. June 10, 1862. 
V. Huldah B., July 2, 1834; d. Jan. 20, 1888. 

20. James H. (s. of Nathan^^^ • j^^_ Dec. 15, 1835, Lois D. Jos- 
selyn, who was b. in Pembroke, Dec. 15, 1803. He d. Apr. S, 1854, 
and his wid. d. Jan. 17, 1899, aet. 95 yrs. Resided in Pembroke. 

Children : 
i. James H., Nov. 30, 1836; unm. 
ii. George, Oct. 7, 1839; m. Mary A. Leavitt, dau. of 

Nahum Leavitt of Pembroke, and had ch., the first 

two of whom were b. in Pembroke, the others in 


i. Mary F., May 24, 1863; m. F. Waldo Dyer (4). 

ii. George H., Apr. 7, 1865; d. Nov. 6, 1875. 

iii. Charles E., Nov. 19, 1867; d. Nov. 7, 1875. 

iv. Nettie F., Apr., 1869; d. May, 1869. 

V. Robert C, June 4, 1870. 
iii. Mary E., Feb. 6, 1850 ; unm. 

21. George R. (s. of Lemuel^^) ; m. June 4, 1868, Florence G. 
Pinkham, dau. of John S. Pinkham. She was b. at Great Falls, 
N. H., Jan. 13, 1846. He d. Apr. 13, 1907. Resided and d. in 
Arlington, Mass. He was a graduate of Harvard College. His 
life work was that of High School teacher and school superin- 

Children : 
i. Gertrude F., b. at Copper Falls, Mich., Oct. 13. 1869; 

m. Aug. 19, 1891, Dr. Henry L. ChadAvick, s. of 

John Chadwick. Ch., b. at Philadelphia: 

i. Horace E., Dec. 13, 1897. 

ii. Dora B., Dec. 19, 1903. 
ii. Dora L., b. at Arlington Heights, Jan. 10, 1878; m. 

July 2, 1902, George W. Hill, 
iii. Grace R., b. at Arlington Heights, .Fan. 14, 1881; m. 

Oct. 2, 1907, Frederick H. Curry. 


iv. Charles T., b, at Arlington Heights, Nov. 10, 1883. 
V. George M., b. at Arlington Heights, Sept. 3, 1886. 

22. Edwin B. (s. of LenuieP^) ; m. Jan. 1, 1859, Catherine L. 
White, dau. of Lewis White (11). He d. Aug. 17, 1898. KoMded 
on Union street, in his father's house. 

Children born in Hanover: 

28. i. Edwin F., Aug. 24, 1864. 

29. ii. Percy W., Sept. 29, 1866. 

23. Jedediah (s. of LeniueP^) ; m. Feb. 2, 1862, Elizabetii A. 
Hollis, dau. of Silas Hollis (1). She d. May 11, 1902. Ee-^ides 
on Main street, in the house constructed by himself. 

Child born in Hanover: 
i. Josephine S., Sept. 12, 1862; m. Melvin S. Nasli (1). 

24. Joshua (s. of Joshua^^) ; m. Nov. 12, 1876, Amelia E. 
Lyon (formerly Howard). She was b. June 11, 1839. Wliile in 
H. he resided on Broadway, in the house now owned and occupied 
by Wm. J. Chaplin. 

Child : 
i. Nellie C, July 10, 1882 — adopted daughter; m. Nov. 
14, 1906, Edwin W. Jones of Hingham, s. of Walter 
T. Jones. 

25. Melzar B. (s. of Joshua^c) ; m. Oct. 29, 1883, Nancy E. 
Brown of Williamson, N. Y. Resides in California. 

Child : 
i. Vernice, Oct. 1, 1884. 

26. Joseph S. (s. of Johni' ) ; m. Sarah E. Reed, dau. of Samuel 
D. Loud. She was b. in Abington, Jan. 20, 1843, and d. Aug. 3, 
1898. He d. Feb. 1, 1874. Resided in his father's house on Union 

Children born in Hanover: 
i. Anna D., Aug. 16, 1869; m. Dec. 21, 1893, Clarence L. 

Baker, s. of Granville Baker. Resides in :\larsh- 

field. Ch: 

i. Frank C, Nov. 17, 1894. 

ii. Robert L., Mar. 14, 1897. 

iii. Russell D., Apr. 10, 1900. 
ii. Frank C, Dee. 3, 1872; m. June 6, 1900, Maud Ar- 


27. Robert E. (s. of Nathan^^) ; m. July 2, 1848, Mary Lyon, 
dau. of Amos Lyon. She was b. in Newton Lower Falls, ]\Iass., 
Oct. 1, 1827. She d., 1909. Resides on Broadway, near the 
Corners, in house constructed by himself. Celebrated the 60th an- 
niversary of his wedding July, 1908. 

Children born in Hanover: 


i. Edwin B., Feb. 22, 1850; d. June 29, 1850. 

ii. Emily F., Dec. 20, 1852; m. Jan. 20, 1875, Charles E. 

Burt of Providence. He d. Apr. 24, 1907. Cli: 

i. Charles D., Mar. 31, 1876; d. Oct. 10> 1892. 

ii. Louise G., May 17, 1879. 

iii. Eobert L., Aug. 6, 1882. 
iii. Eugene, Apr. 29, 1854; d. Aug. 25, 1854. 
iv. Mary L., May 9, 1857. 
V. Elizabeth B., Nov. 23, 1863 ; m. Jan. 26, 1888, Wilbur 

F. Merritt of Scituate. She d. Oct. 17, 1900. Ch., 

Elwood B., May 21, 1892. 
Mr. Eobert E. Dwelley has been of great assistance in the com- 
pilation of this work. 

28. Edwin P. (s. of Edwin B.22) ; m. June 29, 1890, Mary A. 
Turner, dau. of S. Nathan Turner (37). Civil engineer. Ee- 
sides in Lynn. 

Child born in Lynn: 
i. Eleanor W., July 16, 1897. 

29. Percy W. (s. of Edwin B.22) . ni. Nov. 8, 1891, Sarah E. 
Bailey, dau. of Melzar C. Bailey (40). Resides on Union street, 
in his fathers house. 

Child born in Hanover : 
i. Edwin B., Mar. 13, 1901. 


1. Charles (s. of Christopher, of Abington), b. Jan. 12, 1796; m. 
first, Nov., 1820, Cynthia Jenkins, of Abington, who d. Feb'y 7, 
1826; m. secondly, Sept. 10, 1826, Mary Ford, of Pembroke, who 
d. Nov. 17, 1831. He m., thirdly, Oct. 21, 1832, Sophronia Old- 
ham, of Pembroke. Eesided on Water St. For some years en- 
gaged in manufacture of tacks. (See chapter on Old Houses). 
Selectman. He d. Apr. 13, 1879. 

Children by wife Cynthia, born in Hanover: 
i. Eliza, Sept. 27, 1821 ; m. George M. Josselyn of Pem- 
ii. Cynthia J., July 12, 1823; m. Feb'y 16, 1886, John 
Fabyan, s. of Samuel Fabyan of Boston. Resides 
in Florida. No ch. 
iii. Lucy S., Jan. 12, 1825; m. Eobert Hersey (2), 
Child by wife Mary : 
2. iv. Charles, July 4, 1831. 
Child by wife Sophronia : 
V. Theodore, Sept. 19, 1836; m. Sept. 19, 1869, Eva C. 
White, dau. of Caleb White of Hanson, and d. Aug. 
29, 1891. No ch. 

2. Charles (s. of Charles'); m. first, Feb. 10, 1856, Maria T. 
Holmes, dan. of Hcman Holmes. She was b. Oct. 11, 1834, and 


d. Aug. 27, 1S72. lie m., secuiidly, July G, 18T4, Isabella M. 
Handy, dau. of Wm. E. Handy (1). He d. Apr. 17, 1904. Re- 
sided on Broadway, near Catholic Churcli. (See chapter on 
Old Houses). 

Children all born in Hanover, by wife Maria T. 
•^. i. Charles H., Jan. 28, 1857. 
4. ii. F. Waldo, June 5, 1862. 

iii. Mabel H., Jan. 18, 1869; d. Dec. 13, 1879. 
Child by wife Isabella: 
iv. Carrie M., Aug. 16, 1875; m. Harding R. Sproule (1). 

3. Charles H. (s. of CharlesS) ; m. Apr. 9, 1881, Ellen B. Stet- 
son, dau. of Matthew Stetson, of Soutli Scituate. 

Children born in ISTorwell : 
i. Arthur H., July 10, 1882. 
ii. Theodore M., July, 1894. 

4. F. Waldo (s. of Charles2) ; m. Mar. 10, 1889, Mary F. Dwelley, 
dau. of George Dwelley, and gr. dau. of James H. Dwelley (20). 
Resides in his father's house. 

Children born in Hanover: 
i. Mabel F., Oct. 21, 1894. 
ii. George H., Aug. 2, 1896. 


1. .Tames, b. in Scotland, May 4, 1860; m. June 5, 1895, Sarah 
McNicol. She was b. in Scotland, Nov. 24, 1859. Came to H. 
in 1898. Resides on Webster street, east of Whiting street. 
Children : 
i. Elizabeth C, b. in Norwell, Mar. 20, 1896; d. April, 

ii. John M., b. in Norwell, June 13, 1897. 
iii. James H., b. in H., Sept. 20, 1898. 


1. John, the progenitor of the family in America, was in Dor- 
chester, Mass., in 1630, where his son Samuel was b. June 23, 
1639, and where possibly a son John was born. He returned 
with his family to England in 1640. 

2. Samuel (s. of JohnM. the progenitor of all of tlie name in 
America, was with his father in England from 1640-1661. Tradi- 
tion says that he was a major in Cromwell's Army. He returned 
to New England when twenty-two years of age and settled in 
Milford, Conn. He was a lawyer. In King Philip's War 
he commanded a garrison. He m. Aug. 5, 1663, Anna Lenthal, 
dau. of Rev. Robert Lenthal, of Weymouth, Mass., and Newport, 
R. I. She was the mother of all his children, seven sons 
and one daughter, and d. at Milford, Conn., Feb., 1687. After 


the death of his first wife, Mr. Eells moved to Hiugham, Mass., 
where he m., secondly, Aug. 23, 1689, Sarah B. North, wid. of 
Edward North. He d. at Hingham, Apr. 21, 1709, and his wid., 
Sarah, d. at Scituate, at the home of her son-m-law, the Kev. JS&- 
thaniel Eells, Feb. 9, 1717. 

The historian of King Phillip's War says that Captain Eells 
immortalized his name by his opposition to the diabolical act of 
the Plymouth Colony, in selling Indian captives as slaves. 

Brownell, in his history of Indian Eaces m America, says 
"After the town of Dartmouth was in a great measure destroyed 
by the enemy, about 150 of the Indians who dwelt m the country 
thereabout, and who were not active partakers m the destruc- 
tion of the town, delivered themselves up to Capt. Eells upon 
promise of good treatment. They were, nevertheless, taken to 
Plymouth sold by the Colonial authorities as slaves, and trans- 
ported to foreign parts. Capt. Eells and Church made, upon this 
occasion, the most vehement remonstrances, but all to no purpose. 
The name of Eobert Lenthal has been continued m this family 
for so long a time that a brief sketch of the original Robert may 
be of interest. He was of Newport as early as 1640 where he 
was employed to teach a public school, to be open to all children, 
and his salary to be paid by the public. He had been a clergy- 
man in England, and Lechford says that, while m Newport, he 
lived very poorly, but, when he became a school teacher as above, 
there was granted to him one hundred acres of land and lour 
more for a house lot. The house was situated on what was 
known as Lenthal's Plain. He did not stay long at Newport 
but, returned to England and was in charge of the Church at 
Barnes, County of Surrey, from 1649 to 1658. when he died. He 
must have been for a while in Weymouth, where he may have 
preached. There was a difference of opinion with the magis- 
trates as to his orthodoxy, so that, if he did preach, it must have 
been for a short time only. _ ., . -r^ i, 4. •• „ 

Frank Farnsworth, in "The Eells Family of Dorchester, re- 
ferring to Robert Lenthal, says: "This man though of good 
report in England, coming hither, was found to have drunk-m 
some of Mrs. Hutchinson's opinions." The matter was brought 
before the magistrates and he delivered his retraction m writing, 
under his hand, in the open Court. The case was a serious one 
at that time. It was urged that he be censured by fine, but it 
does not appear that it was imposed. He married twice. The 
first wife's name was Cicely, and the wife who outlived him was 
named Margaret. In his will he speaks of his daughter, ^vho 
married Mr Eells, as "Nan," and provides m said will as fol- 
lows • "My bodie I leave to my wife and children to see privately, 
without any ringing or trouble of companie, interred m the 
churchyard of the parish Church of Barnes, as close and neare a. 
may be to the corner wall of the west and north side of the said 
chiirchyard and my grave appointe there to be digged at least 
eight foote deepe." 


This will is an interesting one, and brief extracts are given: 
He makes bequests to all his brothers and sisters, sums ranging 
from ten to twenty shillings, and to three at least he gives a gold 
ring each, requiring that they "be enamelled with a death's head, 
and this posey inserted: When this you see then think of me. 

All else in the residuary clause is given to the wife and chil- 
dren, the wife to have the first choice, then Marian, the second, 
and Nan, the third, praying that the division "may be done with- 
out Jarringe, murmuryinge, discontent, or unthankfulness on 
either parte. And withal 1 chargeinge my two daughters to goe 
content with what they have, and not to give their mother aine 
just cause of complaint against them, but to be respective to her 
and rather to receive wrong with patience than in anything to 
doe her the least injury or suffering to be done to her." 

3. Nathaniel Rev., (s. of SamueP), was b. in Milford, Conn., 
in 1678, and came to Hingham, Mass., with his father, graduated 
at Harvard College, 1699, and sett, in Scituate, over the 3nd 
Church in 1704, where he held the pastorate for forty-six years. 
He was m. by his father to Hannah North of Hingham, dau. of 
Edward North, Oct. 12, 1704, and d. in Scituate, Aug. 25, 1750, 
aet. 72, and his wid. d. May 2, 1754. 

Children : 
i. Sarah, Aug. 5, 1705; m. Benj. Turner, of Scituate. 
4. ii. Samuel, Feb. 23, 1706-7. 

iii. John, Jan. 23, 1709; m. in 1730, Abiah Waterman, of 

Scituate. Left descts. 
iv. Nathaniel (Rev.), Feb. 4, 1710-11; m. Oct. 18, 1733, 

Mary, dau. of Hon. John Gushing (3). Has descts. 

in Conn. 
V. Edward, Jan. 4, 1712-13; d. 1776. 
vi. Hannah, Jan. 30, 1714-15; m. Anthony Fames, of 

vii. Mary, May 13, 1716; m. in 1738, Seth Williams, of 

viii. North, Sept. 28, 1718; m. Ruth Tilden in 17 !1, and 

left ch. 
ix. Anna L., Oct. 16, 1721; m. Zach. Damon, of Scituate, 

in 1748. 

4. Samuel, (s. of Nathaniel-'*) ; m. Dec. 18, 1729, Hannah, gr. 
gr. dau. of Rev. William Witherell, of Scituate. Sett, in H., his 
house being on Broadway, near the Corners. He d. in 1741. 

Children born in Hanover : 

William W., Dec. 14, 1730. 

Robert L., Feb. 7 or 18, 1732. 

Sarah, June 4, 1733 ; m. Apr. 8, 1752, Bezaleel Palmer. 

Samuel, Feb. 16, 1735. 

Hannah N., Nov. 18, 1736; d. Sept. 2, 1737. 








vi. Hannah N., Jan. 22, 1738; m. Apr. 5, 1759, George 
Bennett, of Abington. 

vii. Mary, Dec. 26, 1739; m. Benjamin Bass (2). 

viii. Bradbury, Apr. 6, 1741; m. Benjamin Stetson (27). 
5. William W. (s. of Samuel^) ; m. Sarah Pi^l^W ,^^,^,i^7^? 
to Me., where his descts. still reside. His w. d. Sept. 25, 17J1 (, . ; 
aet. 62 year. 

i.' Xrah, May 12, 1758; m. Hezekiah Bosworth, and 

moved to Me. 
ii. Hannah W., bap., Sept. 11, 17G3; m. Mar. 12, 1778, 

Jacob \\Tiite, of Abington. Moved to Me 
iii. Mary L., bap. Sept. 11, 1763; m. first, leb. '--^^^f' 

Joshua Young, of Scituate. Secondly, a EavcIL 

of Marshfield, and thirdly, a Cobb, of Me. 
iv. Priscilla, bap. Mar. 31, 1765; d. umn. 
V. Lydia, bap. Apr. 26, 1767; m. Eev. Mr. Lormg.'' 
vi. William W., Dec. 4, 1768. Resided m Me. ; m. and 

vii. Eebecca! bap. Sept. 10, 1775 ; m. a Bartol, and with her 
husband, d. in New York. 
6. Eobert L. Capt. (s. of Samuel^) ; m. Dec. 1 1757, Euth Cope- 
land, of Scituate. Eesided at the Corners, on the present location 
of "Hotel Josselyn." Eepresentative and Selectman. Me d. 
June 19, 1800, and his wid. d. May 21, 1831, aet. 93 yrs. 

Children born in Hanover : -^ ^ ^- 

i. Euth, Oct. 31, 1758; m. Feb. 2, 1797, John \oung. 

No ch. 
ii. Betsey, Oct. 30, 1760; m. Jo^^^. ?• S^^«^°!^:., ^"^^\,,. „ 
iii. Huldah C, Mar. 8, 1763. Did she m. William Wmg 

(5) ^ 
iv Anne L., July 18, 1765; m. Capt. Albert Smith (4). 

8. V. Eobert, Nov. 29, 1767. . , c. -.i, t /-^ 
vi Nabby, Nov. 29, 1767; m. Josiah Smith, Jr. (o). 

vii John, May 20, 1770; m. Lucy Thorndike and moved 
to Camden, Me., where he d. m 1848? 

viii. Nathaniel, Sept. 28, 1772; m. Mary Terry; moved 
to Me., and d. there m 1840. 

9. ix. Joseph, June 5, 1774. 

X Lucy Aug. 12, 1776; m. Elijah Barstow (25). 

10. xi. Edward, Feb. 26, 1779 

xii Sarah, Aug. 2, 1781; d. Aug. 17, 1^81. 

11. xiii. Samuel, Mar. 13, 1783. 

7. Samuel (s. of Samuel^) ; m. rnscilla Palmer, ;;;;\«^^^ ?^^;- 
27, 1763. Eesided on Elm street. (See chapter on Old Hou^es). 

Children born in Hanover: t i ^ i-yo-^ t ^rrMx 

i. Samuel, bap. Oct. 23, 1763; m. Julv 7 1783, Lydia 
Josselyn, dau. of Charles Josselyn (11). 


ii. Bezaleel, bap. Oct. 23, 1763; d. in Maine, unm. 
iii. Benjaiiiiii, baji. Oct. 33, 1763; m. and resided in 

8. Robert (s. of Robert L.«) ; m. Nov. 27, 1800, Huldali Bass, 
dau. of Benjamin Bass (2). She d. June 24, 1812, and he d. Oct. 
5, 1844. He was postmaster for 39 years. Selectman and 
Representative. Resided in liis fatlier's house. 

Children born in Hanover: 
i. Huldah B., Feb. 21, 1802; m. Nathan Dwelley (19). 
ii. Robert, May 9, 1805; d. Aug. 29, 1808. 
iii. Elizabeth, Jan. 1, 1808; m. Joseph Ramsdell (9). 

9. Joseph (s. of Robert L.^) ; ni. Nov. 25, 1802, Sarah Bass, dau. 
of Benjamin Bass (2). Resided on Washington street, near th