(navigation image)
Home American Libraries | Canadian Libraries | Universal Library | Community Texts | Project Gutenberg | Children's Library | Biodiversity Heritage Library | Additional Collections
Search: Advanced Search
Anonymous User (login or join us)
Upload
See other formats

Full text of "History of the town of Hampton Falls, New Hampshire from the time of the first settlement within its borders"

NYPL RESEARCH LIBRARIES 



3 3433 08178059 9 



^'■'■■'i ,' y.'v','.- 



^:^ow- 



THE 




ffOAAiA^ {^a&uu^ 



HISTORY OF THE TOWN 



HAMPTON FALLS 



NEW HAMPSHIRE 



FROM THE TIME OF THE FIRST SETTLEMENT WITHIN 
ITS BORDERS 



I 640 UNTIL I 900 



BY WARREN BROWN 



MANCHESTER, N. H. 

PRINTED BY THE JOHN B. CLARKE COMPANY 
1900 



THE NEW YORK 

PUBLIC LIBRARY 

205^77 

ASTOR, LENOX AND 

TILDEN FOUNDATIONS. 

R 19G1 L. 



PREFACE. 



In my boyhood I listened with interest and pleasure to hear my 
grandfather, Jacob Brown, Messrs. Benjamin Sanborn, !!Moses and 
Reuben Batchelder, Dea. Jeremiah Ho1)bs of Hampton, and other 
old men talk abont the happenings, manners, and customs of their 
youthful days, and hear them relate the tales which had been told 
them by their parents of men and things in the earlier settlement 
of the country. During the past half century gi-eat changes have 
come about, which have drawn attention away from matters of this 
kind. The daily newspapers, magazines, and periodicals, with 
other things of interest rendered available 1)y easy and rapid com- 
munication, have tended to draw attention away from these things 
until the traditional history of the past was in danger of being lost, 
unless it could be collected, written up, and published in a form 
where it could be preserved. With this purpose in view the writer 
has collected the material which appears in this work. In the 
winter of 1896-97, I visited Dea. Emery Batchelder many times. 
He was the only person living at that time who was acquainted, to 
any great extent, with the traditional history of the town; he had 
it as it had come down in his family from father to son for five 
generations; he took great interest in such things and his knowl- 
edge was very full and complete. By comparing the notes obtained 
from liim with the record books, I am able to locate nearly all the 
families whose names appear upon the record. The information 
thus obtained enabled me to get at other things much easier, and 
opened a way to much valualjle matter. Had this work been de- 
layed for six months much of our history would have lieen forever 
lost, as Mr. Batchelder died soon after. To him tliis town will 
always be indebted for the preservation of much useful and val- 
uable information which could at that time have been had from 
no other source. 

3 



4 HISTORY OF HAMPTON FALLS. 

I am under great obligation to many persons who have rendered 
assistance in collecting material, and for the free nse of their books 
and papers which have shed mnch light npon the past history of 
the town. Among these are Mr. C. G. Toppan of Hampton, who 
loaned me the manuscript of the partially written history of Hamp- 
ton, prepared by his father, E. \\. Toppan, Esq. From this mnch 
valuable material was obtained, together with many sketches of the 
<?arly inhabitants. The Toppan manuscript was prepared with great 
labor and expense, and there can be no doubt of its reliability. I 
am under obligation to John T. Batchelder for the use of the papers 
Mhich have accumulated in the generations of his family (among 
them was found the first Thanksgiving proclamation issued by 
(iovernor AVeare in Xovember, 1784, and which appears in this 
work): to Ezra S. Stearns, late secretary of state, for valuable infor- 
mation and assistance, and for the concise and well-written chap- 
ter on Mesliech Weare; and to the many others whom I have con- 
.sulted, that have been more than willing to assist me in the work. 
Tlie neglect of many families to register the marriages and births 
which occurred renders any extended genealogic work impossible; 
if attempted, only partial and imperfect work cotild have been done. 
As many of our families are recorded in Mr. Dow's history of Hamp- 
ton it is not so serious a loss. To take the place of this and to 
impart information of value, I have introduced the articles upon 
the ••Homesteads,"' giving all the information obtainable under this 
head in a readable form. It is not impossible that some names and 
dates may be found incorrect, but there is no intention to misstate, 
or to make things ap^iear different from what they were. In the 
article npon "Old Time Customs,"' nearly every thing there de- 
scribed has been seen by the writer, and much of it written from 
memory. There was danger that much which enters into this book 
would be lost if the work was much longer delayed. A great deal 
was copied from the only originals in existence, and these were 
widely scattered, and not much jiains taken to preserve them. 
Within fifty years the church records have been destroyed, and 
other books belonging to the town have disappeared, and there is 
no reason to suppose that loss and disappearance would not con- 
tinue to go on. By collection and publication the past history will 
be in no danger of being lost, and will be valuable for reference. 
The material which enters into the history of this town is first- 



PREFACE. 5 

'clasS;, and is excelled by no towns which I have ever examined, and 
only needs to be presented in a readable form to be very interesting. 
Some may think that too much attention has been given to common 
ever3fday matters, but in a staid old town like this startling events 
are not frequent; but in the long lapse of years, the aggregate of 
everyday events amounts to a great deal, and becomes interesting 
■and valuable history, in which we all can take a commendable pride. 
It has been my purpose to give the facts, without comment or preju- 
dice, with no attempt to color them, and to allow the readers to 
form their own conclusions of men and things with no assistance 
of mine. Too many works of this kind are marred and injured by 
the evident purpose of the writer to make unduly prominent some 
church or family rather than to write impartial history. All this 
I have carefully tried to avoid. Not being identified with any of 
the churches, I have no interest to favor that of any sect or denom- 
ination, but have been glad to do honor to all the noble men and 
women of every denomination wlio have labored to suppress evil, 
iind by whose work and example the community has been benefited 
and people led to higher and better lives, and am willing to judge 
them, not by their profession, but by their fruits. I have not ad- 
mitted anything to the pages of this book without first being 
satisfied of its authenticity and correctness, having exercised great 
care in this respect, and have in no case drawn upon my imagina- 
tion to bridge over vacant places, nor have I allowed myself to 
arrive at too easy conclusions, which there is often a temptation to 
do when the writer may wish to prove some matter which may be 
in doubt. The portraits of the older men which appear were not 
inserted because some of them were my kindred, but because they 
are the representatives of a former generation of long ago, and to 
show how the men of that time looked. These pictures were taken 
about as soon as the process was perfected enough for practical use; 
the men were far advanced in years when the pictures were taken. 
It is impossible to produce lifelike pictures of any persons who ever 
lived in the town who were older than those here represented. 

It is to be hoped that the reader may take as much pleasure in 
perusing these pages as the writer has in collecting them, and that 
the examination may not be without profit and some degree of sat- 
isfaction. 

AVARREN BROWis^. 

Hampton Falls, July 1, 1899. 



CONTENTS. 



History of the CnuRCH and Parish 






Page 13 


List of Marriages . 128 


Biographical Sketches .... 






151 


Military Record 






238 


Distinguished Guests 






268 


Check-list of 1814 






273 


Fire Engine Company 






275 


Agricultural Fairs 






278 


Surplus Revenue 






288 


Province Rates, 1709 and 1727 . 






290 


Collector's "Warrant in 1750 






296 


Colored People 






298 


State Line 






299 


Throat Distemper 






301 


Smallpox 






308 


Cemeteries 






307 


Earthquake 






310 


Murders 






312 


Libraries 






315 


Town Hali 






318 


Town Meeting 






323 


Votes Passed 






327 


Cattle upon the Highways 






330 


AVeare Bank 






33 2 


Mills 






335 


Salt Marsh 






341 


Stores 






344 


Blacksmiths 






348 


Shoemakers 






35l 


Milk Business ...... 






353 


Rockingham Academy 






356 


Roads 






366 


Town Common 






382 


Local Names 






386 


Town Landing 






390 


Railroads ....... 






394 



HISTORY OF HAMPTON PALLS. 



Ship Buildino 

Taverns 

Storms 

Secret Societies 

Town Books 

Town Officers 

Norfolk County . 

robiestown 

The Moui-ton Elm 

Weare Monument 

Warning Out 

The Eastern Stage Company 

Emigrants from Hampton Falls 

List of Rates, 1747, 1768, 1787, 1800 

List of Persons Taxed in 18S0 

Invoice of 1850 

Extracts from Journals kept by Davi 

AND Warren Brown 
John Greenleaf Whittiek 
Old-Time Customs 
Schools 
schoolhouses 
Postoffice 

Some Peculiar Characters 
Homesteads 



Batcheldei 



SOD* 

401 

407 

413 

416 

419 

429 

433 

440 

441 

444 

446 

451 

454 

469 

472 

476 
500 
501 
524- 
529 
538 
538 
542: 



ILLUSTRATIONS. 



Warren Brown . 

Rocky Hill Meeting-House 

Rev. Sereno T. Abbott 

William Brown . 

Elder George Moore Paine 

Rev. Zebulon Jones 

Rev. a. M. Bridge 

Levi Lane, Esq. . 

Frank B. Sanborn 

Alice Brown . 

Rev. John Wheelwright 

Residence of John Batchelder 

Gov. Weare Mansion . 

Thanksgiving Proclamation 

Capt. John S. Godfrey 

Residence of Warren Brown 

Thomas Brown 

Residence of Thomas Brown 

John W. Dodge 

John B. Broavn . 

Hon. George H. Dodge 

A View of the Marsh 

Rockingham Academy . 

Rev. Lysander Dickerman . 

Wallace D. Lovell . 

Thomas Leavitt, Esq. . 

Charles T. Broavn 

Map of Norfolk County 

MouLTON Elm 

Levi Sanborn . . . 

Maj. Jeremiah Godfrey 

Elmfield . . . 

The Pillory .... 

The Stocks .... 

The Bilboes .... 

Thomas Greenleaf Moulton 



Frontispiece. 
Page 62 
82 
92 
98 
100 
104 
108 
128 
150 
164 
196 
200 
206 
252 
272 
312 
314 
832 
334 
338 
342 
356 
360 
398 
418 
428 
430 
440 
468 
482 
500 
520 
522 
523 
546 



10 



HISTORY OF HAMPTON FALLS. 



Dea. Emery Batciielder 

Jacou Broavn 

Dalton's Deed to Batchelder 

Moses Batchelder 

Dalton's Deed to Hilliakd 

Residence of Mrs. John W. Dodge 

Leavitt Homestead 

Agreement of Batchelder and Hilliard avitii Dalton 



560 
564 
566 
566 

568 
588 
606 
614 



HISTORY OF HAMPTON FALLS, 



HISTORY OF HAMPTON FALLS. 



DESCRIPTION OF TOWN. 

Hampton Falls is situated in the southeastern part of Rocking- 
ham county, New Hampshire. It is bounded on the north by 
Exeter and Hampton, east by Hampton, south by Seabrook, and 
west by Kensington. Its geographical position, as determined by 
the United States coast survey, Weare monument, is, latitude, 42° 
54' 57.87"; longitude, 70° 51' 34.54". 

Its altitude above sea level, as found in the survey of the pro- 
posed Exeter & Amesbury Railroad, below the dam at Weare's 
mills is 41 feet; above the dam, 61 feet. The larger part of the area 
of the town is not more than fifty feet above sea level. The highest 
])oint in the town occupied by buildings is where Hemy Johnson 
lives, on the Exeter road, within half a mile of the town line. 

The area of the town is 7,400 acres, 5,786 of which are improved 
land. There are 1,000 acres of salt marsh in the town. The area 
of Hampton is 8,130 acres; North Hampton, 8,465; Kensington, 
7,045. 

Hampton Falls was formerly a part of Hampton. It did not have 
an act of incorporation making it a separate town at once, as most 
towns did. Its separation from the parent town was a gradual one. 
In 1709 a new parish was formed, a meeting-house built, and a 
minister settled. In 1718 permission was given to choose town 
or parish officers, and a representative. Our first town meeting was 
held and our town records began in 1718. In 1726 each town voted 
.to raise their minister rates separately; up to that time they had 
been raised together. From that time Hampton Falls became an 
independent town and completely separated from the old town of 
Hampton. Hampton Falls was called a parish until the time of 
the Revolutionary "War, and Falls was generally written with a 
small "f until about the same time. 

13 



14 HISTORY OF HAMPTON FALLS. 

In 1732 on all lands south of Taylors river, including what is 
now Kensington and Seabrook, there were 256 polls, 141 two-story 
houses, 46 one-story houses; whole amount of invoice, £9,575; tax, 
£90 16s. 3d. 

At the same time in Hampton, including Xorth Hampton, there 
were 257 polls, 142 two-story houses, 29 one-story houses; whole 
amount of invoice, £9,974 14s.; tax, £99 12s, 6d. The two towns at 
that time paid more than one sixth of the province tax. 

The population in 1685, all south of Taylor's river, was 212. Of 
the present town, in 1775, the population was 645; in 1790, 541; 
in 1800, 519; in 1810, 570; in 1820, 572; in 1830, 582; in 1840, 
<556; in 1850, 640; in 1860, 621; in 1870, 679; in 1880, 678; in 1890, 
■623. Number paying a poll tax in 1783 was 106. 

The surface of the town is undulating, and the soil generally fer- 
tile, producing good crops. The inhabitants have generally and 
are now engaged in the cultivation of the soil. Not much manu- 
facturing has ever been done in the town except the making of shoes. 

Cock and Great hills are composed of glacial drift, and not of 
ledge. The hills over the line in Essex county, Massachusetts, are 
■of a similar character. 

This town, like Hampton and Seabrook, is drained directly into 
the Atlantic ocean by Taylor's and Falls rivers, and their tributaries. 
The extent of this watershed from east to west is about six miles, 
and from north to south ten or twelve miles. 

In 1770 Hampton Falls was a leading manufacturing town in 
the state. 



HISTOEY OF CHURCH AND PARISH. 



The history of the church in most of the country towns is inti^ 
mately connected with the history of the town itself, and would in 
many instances include a greater part of the town's early history, 
so closely w^ere church, and other matters blended in those early days. 
, , lAny one attempting to write the history of this town would find 
tnemsel^ies seriously handicapped by the absence of the church 
records. The church records of Hampton Falls were said by those 
who had examined them to have been very full and complete, and 
kept in excellent shape and condition during the entire time of the 
town ministry. These records were destroyed by fire when the 
house occupied by Rev. Mr. Bridge was burned in 1858, but fortu- 
nately a small book kept as a sort of diary of church events during 
the ministry of Messrs. Cotton and Whipple, the two first pastors 
of the church, was preserved. It is in their handwriting, and con- 
tains the church covenant, the names of those who organized the 
church, those who were baptized and admitted to membership, all 
the marriages consummated by them, and a pretty full record of 
the doings of the church until Mr. Whipple's health had become 
too much impaired to keep it. This record covers a period of nearly 
forty-five years. The handwriting of Mr. Cotton is easily read, 
being written in a round, legible hand; that of Mr. AVhipple is 
written very fine, and cannot be easily or correctly read without the 
aid of a reading glass. This little book is imique in character and 
considered a great curiosity by lovers of the antique. It is of great 
value, containing, as it does, much information of great interest not 
now elsewhere to be found, which but for its fortunate preservation 
must have been forever lost. After Mr. ^^^lipple's death until the 
end of the town ministry, what we know of the church history is 
mostly gathered from the town records, and it is neither full nor 
complete. We have reproduced largely from this little book to 
show the nature and amount of the work done and the influence of 
the church at that time. This book contains about two hundred 

15 



16 HISTORY OF HAMPTON FALLS. 

pages with a title page at each end, Mr. Cotton's records being 
written from each end. On one of the title pages is written: 

The Chh. Eecords off Hampton falls. 

Begins January 2<i 1712 

By Theophilus Cotton 

Pa.stor of That Chh 

Turning the book over and beginning at the other end, we find 
on page 2: 

Hampton, August 16, 1726, Died, the Eevd mr Theophilus Cotton, 
Pa.stor of the Second Church of Hampton — after a faithfull Discharge 
of that office for nigh 15 years & was Decently Buried the 18 following 
att the Charge of the Parish 

1 The Ptevd Theophilus Cotton was Ord: Jan ISth X. S. 1712 & Dyed 
Aug 27tb 1726. A space of 14 years, 7 months & 14 Days. 

2 The Eevd Joseph Whipple was ord. Jan 15th x. S. 1727 & Dyed 
Feb 17th 1758 — A space of 30 years, 1 month & 2 Days. 

3 The Eevd Josiah Bayley, was ord. Oct. IQth 1757 & Dyed Septr 12th 
1762 — a space of 4 years 10 months, & 24 Days. 

4 The Eevd Paine Wingate was ord Dec 14th i~G3 & resigned his 
Pastoral Eelation March ISth 1776. A space of 12 years, 3 months & 
4 Days. 

The history of the church in this town from the first settlement 
of Hampton in 1638 until a new parish was formed on the south 
side of Taylors river in 1711 is identical with the church history 
of the old town. The people living u})on the south side of the river 
were regular in their attendance upon church service at the meet- 
ing-house in Hampton. Eevs. Stephen Batehelder, Timothy Dal- 
ton, John Wheelwright, Seaborn Cotton, and John Cotton were as 
much the ministers of this town as of Hampton. There is not much 
known of the church history during these men's ministry. If any 
records were kept they have been lost. So the amount of reliable 
data during that time is very small. We do know that our people 
were taxed to the full amount of their polls and estates to support 
the minister in the old town. Christopher Hussey, Xathaniel 
Weare, and Samuel Shaw, who lived on this side of the river, were 
elected deacons at different times. Samuel Shaw resigned the office 
of deacon in the old church to accept a similar position in the church 
of the newly formed parish. 



HISTORY OF CHURCH AND PARISH. 17 

There is no definite knowledge of the exact time when the first 
churcli was bnilt in this town. The first record we find of anytliing 
looking in that direction was in 1665, when liberty was given the 
inhabitants of the Falls to build a house for their shelter, etc., and 
to set it near the old pound (which was upon the hill). Again, we 
find that the house for shelter and relief was for use on the Lord's 
day, and was to be used on that and other days when they should 
have occasion for it. The people living on the so.uth side of Tay- 
lor's river were constant attendants at church on the Sabbath. 
This was a matter of principle with them, and they placed great 
value on the privileges of the sanctuary. But there w^ere serious 
obstacles in their way to interfere with this privilege. Between 
their homes and the old church at Hampton was a long stretch of 
salt marsh with only an apology for a road; this was overflowed and 
impassable during high tides. Had there been as good communica- 
tion as at present, there would probably never have been any church 
built or new parish formed, unless the increase in population should 
have required it. From this house, built in 1665 and used for social 
and prayer meetings, gradually grew the church. 

The church w^hen built was near the site of the Weare monument, 
and appears to have been a plain unfinished building, neither clap- 
boarded nor plastered, and was used for religious services some time 
before the settlement of the first minister, Mr. Cotton. The erec- 
tion of the church and the maintaining of the service was done by 
voluntary contribution without help from the old parish. 

At a town meeting in Hampton April 30, 1706, — 

Voted to repair the walls of the meeting- house, Earth all the clay 
walls and daub them, and wash them over with white lime. ]\Iend 
the glass windows and cause Shetts to be made. To shingle it anew, 
and lay the floor oxer the beams, and to make a rate to pay the same. 

Nathaniel Weare, Joseph Cass, John Gove, and twelve others 
enter their dissent, not because they are opposed to the repair of 
the meeting-house, but because they are engaged in building a new 
meeting-house on the Falls side. 

At a Council and General Assembly in Portsmouth, December 3, 
1709, the following petition of the inhabitants of the south part 
of Hampton was read at this board, viz.: 

To his Excellency Joseph Dudley Esqr. Governor and Commander 
in Chief, in and over her Majesties Province of the Massachusetts Bay,, 



18 HISTORY OF HAMPTON FALLS. 

and New Hampshire, and the Honorable the nieinbers of the Goimcel 
and Representatives convened together in General Assembly now Sit- 
ting. The humble address and petition of her Majesties loyal and 
dutiful subjects belonging to the South part of Hampton in Said Prov- 
ince of New Hampshire commonly called Hampton falls» most humbly 
Sheweth 

That your petitioners being of that distance from the imblick place 
of the worship of God at the Town and soe many difficulties in going, 
and many times no passing over the causeway by any means, that it 
hath caused j'our, petitioners to be at the charge of building a Meet- 
ing House upon our side of the Town and have had a minister for some 
time, and doing all by free contributions ourselves, and the other 
part of the Town being the major part of the Town, Rates us in the 
full proportion accoiding to our estates to the repairing the Meeting 
House, and parsonage, and to the minister there which is burdensome 
to us, and we are not able to settle a minister with us for want of 
some better settlement in the matter. We therefore pray that 
in your wisdom you will grant us some relief in the matter, either that 
the Town, and we on our side may maintain two by raising our rate:^ 
in general together, or that we may be freed from the paying to the 
Town — and have power given us to make a Rate for the subsistance 
of one with us. 

This was signed by fifty-six citizens. 

Upon a full hearing of both j^arties in council upon this petition 
the 3d of December, HOD,— 

Voted that the contract and agreement of the Town of Hamjiton, 
for the maintainance of Mr. John Cotton, their present Minister be 
and herby is ratified and confirmed. And the town directed to pro- 
ceed for the raising and payment, of the same, as in all time heretofore. 
That the petitioners and such others as are joined with them on the 
westward of Tailer's River^have power at a meeting once a year for 
that end to choose among themselves three persons to be Assessors 

for raising the sum of for the maintainance of Such learned and 

• orthodox minister to officiate in the New Church at Hampton as they 
Shall agree to call to the service there, with the advice of Mr. Cotton 
their present minister — that the aflrairs may i>roceed with such jjeace 
and friendship as becomes religion and good order. And that Jhe 
assesment upon Said Petitioners and inhabitants on the said Western 
Side of Tailer's River, being Signed by said Assessers shall be col- 
lected by the Constables at all times and paid into the minister for his 
support as in all other towns and precincts in the Province. 

Past by the Coimcil 

"Cha; Story Secretary." 

After the passage of this act, the new parish lost no time in pro- 
curing a minister. The one who had hitherto preached to them 



HISTORY OF CHURCH AND PARISH. 19 

was probably Thomas Crosby, the schoolmaster who resided with 
them, but who was not qualified to administer the communion. He 
was the son of Eev. Seaborn Cotton's second wife by a former mar- 
riage. They now engaged the Eev. Theophilus Cotton, a graduate 
of Harvard College in 1701, youngest son of Eev. John Cotton of 
Plymouth, who was a brother of Eev. vSeabom Cotton of Hampton. 

Eev. Theophilus Cotton was born at Plymouth May 5, 1683. He 
was a nephew of Eev. Seaborn Cotton, a cousin of Eev. John Cotton, 
and an uncle of Eev. AVard Cotton, all of whom were settled over 
the church at Hampton at different times. He was also a cousin 
of Eev. Dr. Cotton Mather of Boston. He married Mary, widow of 
Dr. Gedney of Salem and a daughter of Mr. Gookin of Cambridge. 
They had no children. He finished his course at Harvard at the 
age of nineteen. Of the next eight years of his life we know noth- 
ing. He probal)ly studied theology with his father and preached- 
as opportunity offered. He came to Hampton Falls sometime be- 
tween December 3, 1709, and May 13, 1710, and preached nearly 
two years before the church was organized. 

On the 9th of December, 1711, forty-nine members of the old 
church at Hampton were dismissed in order to form the Hampton 
Falls church, and four days afterwards, amid the solemnities of a 
day of fasting and prayer, the new" church was organized with 
twenty-one male and thirty-five female members. Four weeks later, 
January 2, 1712, Mr. Cotton was ordained. The salary was at first 
sixty pounds and firewood, with use of the parsonage of thirty 
acres, — to which, a few years after, twenty pounds and more land 
were added. 

The Hampton minister, Eev. John Cotton, died soon after. The 
people of Hampton Falls preferred the following petition, addressed 
as before: 

To His Excellency etc. Most humbly Sheweth — That your petition- 
ers having formerly laid before yr Excellency and Council the great 
want of having one Settled among us on our Side of the town in the 
work of the ininistry — and now by Gods good Providence have obtained 
the Eeverend Mr. Theophilus Cotton among us in the work. And 
God by his awful stroke of Providence having removed by death the 
worthj^ and Reverend ]Mr. John Cotton to our great lamentation, we 
do therfore pray, That we may be set off, from the town, from being 
at any charge as to procuring and maintaining a minister there — And 
that we may have power given us to make a tax or Rate from tijne to 
time as shall be for the support of our minister with us. And that 



20 HISTORY OF HAMPTON FALLS. 

each part of the Town maintain their own minister. That as we have 
been at equal charge according to our Estates in purchasing- the par- 
sonage at the Town, that now we may have some land appointed 
and laid out for a parsonage as convenient as it may be had for the 
Falls Side — according to the worth of our part, of the town. That 
the Bounds may be settled between each part of the Town. 

This petition was signed by Xatlianiel Weare, Joseph Swett, Sam- 
nel Shaw, Daniel Tilton, and about sixty others, and was read at the 
council board on the 13th of May, 1710. A hearing was appointed 
with the following result: 

May loth 1710. In the affair of Hampton before the Council by peti- 
tion — Ordered that the whole town pay forthwith the arreas and 
funeral Charges of their late minister. That there be a Committee 
appointed to report the Division of the parishes for the several meet- 
ings and to consider how to settle lands for another parsonage, and 
a further hearing of the whole town be referred to the next General 
Assembly, — and that the new parish in the mean time proceed to the 
maintainance of their minister according to former order of this Board. 
— Saving that no person dwelling on the north side of Taylor's river 
shall be taxed for any land in the New Parish until a further hearing- 
be had theron — which is referred to the next Session of the Assembly. 

The committee appointed were Major Yaughan, John Plaisted, 
Samuel Penhallow, Theodore Atkinson, or any three of them, to 
make report at the next General Assembly. 

In the atfair of the New Parish in Hampton there appearing diffi- 
culty in making any division of the Lands, or inhabitants for the 
Support of the ministers in the two several parishes. 

And wheras the inhabitants and Auditorj' of the old Church have 
agreed with their present minister (Mr Gookin) to pay him annually 
eighty pounds, half in current money, and the other half in Provisions 
&CO. And to allo^v him the parsonage in the said town of Hanapton, 
long since purchased by certain inhabitants there — And fire wood 
as in said vote and agreement in the record will appear. 

And wheras the inhabitants adjoining to the new parish have con- 
sidered to raise Sixty pounds and fire wood for their minister — and to 
laj- out of the Maste and unimproved lands in Hampton five acres 
for a house lot and twenty-five acres for pasture &co. for the par- 
sonage there. Voted that it be recommended to the Selectmen of 
Hampton to lay out the said two parcels of land indefferently as well 
for the service as may be. 

And that the town of Hampton lay a tax annually for the said 
two sums, Amo to 14011)3 in Species as above and paj' the incumbent 



HISTORY OF CHURCH AND PARISH. 21 

of the old Church according- to the agreement made with him — And the 
remainder to the incuinbent of the Ne^v Church from time to time. 

J. DUDLEY. 

23d Oct 1710 

Consented to 

This was read and agreed to in Council and in the House of 
Representatives. 

The niinister tax was assessed and raised in this manner until 
the death of Mr. Cotton in 1726, when the selectmen of the Falls 
parish sent a petition to the lieutenant-governor, the council, and 
representatives, setting forth the disadvantages of this method. A 
hearing was had November 24, when it was ordered that each parish 
should raise their minister rates separately. From this time the 
separation of the two towns became complete. 

In the petition for a new parish is the following request: "That 
as we have been at equal charge according to our estates in pur- 
chasing and holding the parsonage at the town, that now we may 
have some land appointed and laid out for a parsonage as conven- 
ient as it may be had for the Falls side according to the worth of 
the town." 

In accordance with this request and the vote of the assembly, — 

Voted by the Commoners and Proprietors that we have no waste 
and unimproved lands therfore we can't lay out according to the act 
of the Assembly, bearing date of 23d Oct. 1710. Yet we the Commoners 
of the town of Hampton do agree that the new parish shall have on 
their part for a parsonage out of our pasture land as convenient as 
maj' be. Thej' giving up all right in the parsonage place in the old 
parish at the town, to the Commoners and proprietoi's, grant to the 
inhabitants of the new jjarish, five acres for a house lot. 

This lot was on the south side of the road, opposite the Governor 
Weare house and west of the schoolhouse. The parsonage house 
stood where Mrs. Joseph T. Sanborn's house now stands. There 
were five acres of land with the parsonage house fronting on the 
main road, which included all the land now covered by the Sanborn 
buildings. This lot seems to have been acquired afterward, and 
bought from j\Irs. Cotton after the death of her husband. These 
two lots were called the lower parsonage, and are meant whenever 
the lower parsonage is spoken of on the records or elsewhere. The 
sixty acres of pasture were laid out east of Grapevine run between 
the two roads, and is now owned Ijy John Batchelder. This was 



22 UISTORY OF HAMPTON FALLS. 

called the upper parsonage. Eight acres of thatch ground were 
then granted and afterwards four acres more. The twelve acres of 
thatch ground were at Parsonage island^, and are situated on Sea- 
brook river where the towns come together on Plum island side. 
The commoners also granted those called Quakers twelve acres of 
land for their right. The Quaker parsonage was situated near 
Fogg's corner, and is the pasture now owned by George A. PJiilbrick. 

FROM THE RECORDS KEPT BY REV. THEOPHILUS COTTON. 

The Inhabitants of Hampton falls having- given me a Call to Settle 
Amongst 3™ in The work of The Ministry, Did Therupon Call in 
some of the Neighboring -Ministers to keep a day of fasting and prayer 
wth ym. To Seek The blessing of heaven upon them As also to Gather 
them Into a Chh. estate that They might be Capacitated to proceed 
In That Affair. 

The Fast was on the 13th of December, 1711. 

The Ministers That Carryed on the work of that Day were the RevJ 
mr, odlin who began with prayer. The Revd mr Cushiiig who preacht 
& Gathered the Chh. and the Rev^ mr Gookin ended with Prayer, 

Att wcti Solemnity This following Covt was Read & Acknowledged 
by the psons hear Written 

THE GOVENAXT OFF THE CHH. OFF HAMPTON FALLS. 

We whose Names are hereunto Subscribed, Apprehending ourselves 
called of god to joyn Together in Chh. Communion: In humble De- 
pendence on free grace for Assistance & Acceptance, We do this Day 
In the presence of God, his Angels & This Assembly Avouch the Lord 
to be our god, and the God of our children wch we give unto him. 
Accounting it a Signal yt he will Accept of us and Them to be his 
people. Promising y* by the help of his Spirit & Grace to draw unto 
God, (whose Name alone is Jehovah) As our Choisest good. And to 
ye Lord Jesus Xt as our Prophet, Priest & King, by faith and Gospel 
obedience As becometh his Covt People for Ever Mak'm<j Att all times. 
The holy word of God the rule of our faith and Practice. 

We Do also (jive ourselves one unto another as a Chh. of Xt In all the 
ways of his worship, According to ye holy Rules of his word promisiiKj 
in Brotherly Love faithfully to watch over one Another's Souls, And to 
Submit our Selves unto The Decix^Hne of Xt in ye Chh.' And duly to at- 
tend The Seals & Censures or whatever ordinances X* has commanded 
to be observed by his people so FaiT as the Lord has or shall by his 
word and Spirit Reveal unto us to be our duty. Beseaching the Lord 
to own us humbly craving help att his hands for the performance of 
our engagements, & Covenant obligations. 



HISTORY OF CHURCH AND PARISH. 



2a 



Theophilus Cotton 
Nathl Weare Esqr 
Samuel Shaw 
Isaac Green 
Jacob Green 
Peter Weare 
Nathi Weare 
John Clifford 
Israel Clifford 
Timothy Blake 
Philemon Blake 
Number of men 21 



/ 



Moses Blake / 

Thomas Cram 
John Cram Ex*"" 
Benjamin Batchelder 
Joseph Tilton 
James Preseott Jun^ 
John iSIorgan 
Xath' Sanborn 
William Brown 
(Jacob Basford) 
(afterward Dismissed to Chester) 



This Covt "vvas on ye Fast Daj' Acknowledged By all whose Names 
are annexed yi'to — And also Assented to by the women yn present w^h 
had their Dismission also from the Eesj)ected Churches to w^h yy belong' 
— And some others y* have for many years ptook with ye Chh att 
Hampton yy Assented to the Covt also are lookt upon as members of 
this Chh. — Tho through their Neglect yy have not their Dismission 
From Those Churches into wcb yy were Admitted. 

w^ii are these 4 
Mrs. Heath Hav. Chh Mrs. Sanborn wife of Jno. New Chtl. 

Mrs. Greenleaf New Chh ISErs. French Boston Chh. 



The other women are the following: 

Mary Cotton, Dis. Camb. 

Hannah Gove 

Sarah Gove 

Mary Green 

Sarah Green 

Elizabeth Shaw 

Esther Shaw 

Mary Cram Dis. Ex. 

Mary Cram Junr 

Elizabeth Cram 

Sarah Cram 

Sarah Swett 

Susannah Batchelder 

Elizabeth Shaw junr 
(alias Tilton) 

Deborah Shaw 
Number of women 35 
The whole 56 



Mehitable Tilton 
Margaret Tilton 
Naomi Blake Sen. 
Sarah Blake 
Abigail Blake 
]Mary Fifield 
^lary Philbrook 
;Mary Weare 
Mariah Preseott 
Elizabeth Preseott 
Abigail Preseott 
Elizabeth Clifford 
Deborah Clifford 
Deborah Morgan 
Ruth Brown 
Mariah Tilton 



Since which dismist from ye Chh of Xt att Hampton Town who was 
not dismissed w>i the Eest were And from other churches 
Hannah Pottle Dism. Hampton Town 

Hannah Swett wife of J. S. jr. Dism, York (gone this region) 
Mehitable Steward ye wife of C. S. Dism. Portsmouth 



24 HISTORY OF HAMPTON FALLS. 

Mehitable Hilliard ye wife of J. H. Dism. Hampton Town 

Mary Green the wife of Jacob G. jr. Recom. vSalisbury 

Sarah ClifPord The wife of Saml E. H. 

Hannah Garland, The Avife of Jacob jun^ R. H. 

Mary Hall The wife of James Hall Recom. Salisbury 

Jane Moulton the wife of Abraham Recom. H. T. 

Charles Tredwell Recom. from Wells Chh 

Lydia Stanyan the wife of Jacob Rec. Exeter 

Berthiah Palmer wife of Edw. Came from Greenland 

Mary Derbon wife of E\%' Came from Greenland 

Both Desiring- to ptake here & to be lookt upon as members of 
this Chh. — hast g-one there ag-n. 

Elizabeth Sj-lly wife of John Sylly Exeter Chh Constant dweller 
here and so under our care 

Mary Gale Single woman. Newbury old Chh. Constant dweller 
here & under our care while she is here. 

Ichabod Eoby's wife A member of the Chh of Xt being a constant 
ptaker here is lookt upon as under our care while here & Deacon 
Sanborn's wife of the same Chh — And Nathan Clough of Old Salisbury. 

Theophilus Cotton was ordained Pastor of the Chh of Hampton falls 
the 2fitb of Jan. 1712. The Revd mr Rogers of Portsmouth giving him 
the Charge — and the Revd mr Gushing of Salisbury giving him the 
Right Hand of fellowship 

Att a Chh meeting att Hampton falls Jan. 18, 1712 Nathaniel Weare 
junr. was chosen Deacon to Co Assistant to Saml Shaw in that office 

Voted That the Sacrament of the Lord's Supper Should be admin- 
istered twice a Qu. of A year omitting the winter quarter The whole 7 
in a j^ear The last being ye l^t Sabbath in Dec. 

Voted To have a contribution the First Sacrament for the two first 
& so A Contribution Att I-"very Sacrament for this Ensuing year, beg. 
1st Sabbath in March. 

Mar. 2 1712 Deacon Shaw & Deacon Weare were Chosen Messengers 
from this Chh. to ye Chh of Greenland, As v^-itnesses to the Revd Mr 
William AUyn's ordination. 

Dec. 12 Deacon Shaw & Jo.seph Tilton were chosen Messengers from 
this Chh. to the Chh of New Castle As Witnesses to the Revd Mr William 
Shirtliff's ordination. 

Nov. 23 1713 Benjamin Sanborn and Joseph Tilton were chosen Mes- 
sengers from this Chh. To the 2nd Chh of Salisbury As Witnesses to 
the Revd mr Joseph Parson's ordination or Inauguration 

Feb. 17 1715 Att a Chh. Meeting Att the Meeting House Charles 
Steward was Publickly Admonished and Reproved for the Breach of 
the Sth Commandment, Who Readily Confest he had sinned and Ther- 
upon forgiven and Accepted Into Favour. 

Att the Same Time the following Votes were past. 
1 Voted That Every Communicant Shall give ye Insuing year for 
the maintainance of the Lord's Supper 1^ — 6d. 



HISTORY OF CHURCH AND PARISH. 25 

2 Voted That Every Communicant Shall pay In the one half of 8^5 
sum or more To the Deacon the first day off March or before, and the 
other half Att or before the first off Oct. 

3 Voted That in the end of the year the Chh Be Called together 
(If need be) to Call those to An Act, who have Been Defective In pay- 
ing the Respective sums. And iff itt falls short through Poverty ol? 
any, to have a contribution for to make itt up. 

4 Voted That the Deacon shall pay himself for what Is yet Duq 
him viz. 5 — 4 — 7 with the first money that Is ]id into him by the 
Communicants 

5 Voted that Deacon Shaw Shall have for his Trouble In jiroviding 
the elements and Looking after the utensils this A.Dvancing year 3 
shlg. & Cd. a day wch vote was never complied with by Deacon Shaw 

The frequency and amount of the contributions for the main- 
tenance of the Lord's supper during the ministry of the two first 
pastors may appear singular and strange to many at the present 
time. The Lord's supper at that time appears to have been not 
only a supper in name l:)ut in reality, and was made the social event 
of the church, taking the place of many things of a social character 
encouraged by the churches at the present time. It was omitted 
during the cold weather of the winter months, as there were no 
means of warming the meeting-house. We have been al)le to find 
the following description as to the way it was done: "Long tables 
were set in the aisles of the church and before the pulpit, upon 
which a white linen cover was spread. At these tables all, if pos- 
sible, sat down, the aged being seated first. The elements were 
passed from one to another. Sometimes the tables had to be set 
more than once to accommodate the number present. At the 
church in Londonderry more than seven hundred have been known 
to partake of the sacrament in one day. Persons often came from a 
distance who were unknown to the pastor and deacons. These 
were sometimes provided l^y the churches from whence they came 
with a lead coin marked A, which would entitle them to admission, 
and in this way unworthy persons were kept from the table." The 
Lord's supper, now called the communion, was in the early days 
called the sacrament, and since my remembrance was spoken of by 
the old people by no other name. 

Lecture day, so often mentioned, was the preparatory service 
before the sacrament, and corresponded to the conference now held 
before communion day. It took place late in the week, never earlier 
than Thursday. It was a solemn and impressive service. Tlie 



26 HISTORY OF HAMPTON FALLS. 

sermon was supposed to be prepared with more care than those deliv- 
ered upon the Sabbath. Lecture days drew out a larwe attendance. 

Oct 16 1717 Att a Chh Meeting att the house off Deacon Shaw, The 
following- votes were past. 

1 Voted that The Communicants should contin\ie ther giving l.s — 6.d 
per annum this Advancing year for the ^layntayning the ordinance 
of ye Lord's Supper. 

2 That Benjamin Sanborn & Benjamin Batchelder should be 
assistants to Deacon Shaw In stirring up persons to bring In ther 
Respective Siims to the Deacon for his Defraying the charge off ye 
Sacraments. 

3 That the Revd mr Cotton the Pastor Administer the Seal of 
Baptism to Adult persons & to ther children they owning the Cov* — 
Iff they dare not as yet proceed to ye other Seal of the Covt — Provided 
he is clear in the matter and any offer themselves therfor. who in his 
Judgment, off Charity are Suitable Sul)jects for that ordinance 

Apr 28 1721 Att a Chh meeting att my house, The Chh. Concluded 
that Eighteen pence per annum, for each communicant ^vould be 
Sufficient to mayntayning the continuance off the X,ords Supper 
amongst us annually' — and ther being considerable behind for 6 years 
past. They chose Philemon Blake in lieu of Benjamin Batchelder 
Decsd. to be assistant to Deacon Weare, & Benjamin Sanborn In stir- 
ring up the Communicants to bring in ye Eespective sums to Deacon 
Shaw for his defraying the charge of the holy ordinance. 

Feb. 20 1724 Att a Chh meeting att Hampton falls ther following 
votes were then past,^ — Viz. 

1st That Benjamin Sanborn and Nathaniel Batchelder were chosen 
Deacons in Lieu of Deacon Shaw Deces^ to be Assistant to Deacon 
\Veare in that office 

2nd Voted The Respected sum of ISd be pd to the Deacon that Looks 
after the Elements the beg. of the year. Viz In March by Ever\' com- 
municant for the defraying the charge of Sacrament for that year 

3d That the Deacons themselves Get in the Respective Sums & that 
the former vote abt. Assistants be Repealed & Phil. Blake dism from 
that business. 

4th That Capt Jacob Green thought worthy of suspension for not 
doing his duty to his offend. Bros, for irregular w^alk & doing, & 
contempt off Chh. & so was [remainder illegible.] 

Oct 25 1724 Upon a Sacrament Day Immediately before the Com- 
munion Ebeneazer Sleeper was Before the Chh Admonished & Reproved 
for the breach of the 1^^ Commandment upon which made his Ackno\vl- 
edgment off his sin & fall in writing & Craving forgivness off God & 
man was Restored to their Charitable Communion & unto all the 
Privileges off God's house for himself and children. 

Sept. 12 1725 Application being made by James Prescott Sen. & 
Jonathan Sanborn Jr & Eben Sleeper, Deborah Clifford, Mehitable 



HISTORY OF CHURCH AND PARISH. 27 

Sanborn & Marg-aret Sanborn now Sleeper for a Dismission from this 
Chh. — In order to be Incorporated Into a Chh. Estate at Kingston 
According-ly were Dismissed by our Chh. & James Prescott having 
Rediscust wtb by myself and 2 of the Brethren of the Chh. About the 
forging of a writing fonnerly layd to his charge, In part as having 
some hand in itt, or being privy to itt — Gave Such Satisfaction ab* 
that matter that he was readily Dismist also as well as the other 5 
for the ends & Reasons above specified. 

Mr. Cotton died Aiigiist IG, 1736, and was buried at the expense 
of the parish in the old yard adjoining the lower parsonage. He is 
buried under a stone slab supported by brick Avork, the following 
inscription cut in a slate tablet being iml)edded in the slab: 

Here lyes ye body of ye Revd Theophilus Cotton ye First minister 
of ye Church of Hampton falls who after he had servd God faithfully 
in his g-eneration Deceased August ye 16tii 1726 in ye 45th year of his 
age. Blessed are the dead who die in the Lord. 

At a parish meeting held six days after Mr. Cotton's death the 
selectmen were directed to settle with Mrs. Cotton. She was voted 
the free use of the parsonage during the summer. The selectmen 
v.-ere instructed to negotiate with her for the entertainment of sup- 
])lies for the pulpit, and they were to assess every man of estate in 
the parish excepting Quakers in order to pay the charges of our Rev. 
Mr. Cotton's funeral. 

Nov. 30 1726 Voted that we will take up with Madam Cotton's offer 
and will give her for her building & Land & all things theron ex- 
cepting her movables three hundred and fifty pounds in lawful money 
or lawful bills of Credit. 

It would appear from this that Mr. Cotton owned the house and 
lands about it, which afterward became the parsonage house owned 
by the town. 

May 27 1729 Voted that the Selectmen have power to raise ye whole 
Sixty pounds in money this present year which is due from this 
parish to Madam Newmarch for the purchase of her buildings and 
orchard and land. 

From this it would appear that ]\Irs. Cotton had married again 
after the death of Mr. Cotton. 

May 10 1726 I then took col. weare along with me to the house off 
John Cass & before him and the mother off John Casses wife Dealt 



28 HISTORY OF HAMPTON FALLS. 

with her for with Drawing from our commimions and for embracing' 
the principles off the Quaquers who proved obstinate I did therupon 
as Pastor of ye Chh. — In the name of X* Reject her and Eenonnce 
her as one belonging to onr Communion and the good Lord have 
mercy on her And all here Amen 

Tliere are many entries npon the church diary like the follow- 
ing: "Aug. 1-i, 1719. Thomas Ward Jr. & Eachel his wife renewed 
the covenant for the baptism of their child." Those renewing the 
covenant appear to have been those who had been baptized in in- 
fancy, but had not in later years been admitted to the communion 
in the church, and perhaps whose conduct would not admit of their 
becoming members in good standing. The renewal of the covenant 
was made to allow of their children's baptism. From what can be 
gathered from the record few of those renewing were admitted to 
full commiuiion. 

Mar. 20 1720 Abraham Sanborn owned the covenant for baptism 
for himself and Child — who were then baptized 

Those who owned the covenant appear to have been new converts, 
and were then baptized and admitted to full communion, which 
allowed their children, if they had any, to be baptized. Those who 
owned the covenant appear in every case to have been immediately 
baptized. 

February 18, 1718, is another entry which will give some idea 
of the church methods of those times. 

Martha Swain the wife of John, having fonnerly owned the Covt 
att Salisbury in order for Baptism for her Self — Did now promise 
how To bring up her own children & that which her husband had 
by a former wife In the fear of God, and so had the Seal of Baptism 
applied to y™ 

After the death of Mr. Cotton the parish immediately Set about 
to secure a Successor. Unsuccessful negociations were made with 
Mr. Merch who afterward Settled in Amesbury. At a meeting of the 
parish held Oct 4tii 1726, j^e three deacons were appointed to treat with 
Mr. Whipple, and if he may be agi'eed with to carry on the work of 
the ministry amongst us for a month, or two, or three, etc. At a meet- 
ing Nov. 1st It was voted to call Mr. Whipple at a Salary of one hun- 
dred and forty pounds annually, he finding himself in firewood and 
everything else. — Deacons Nathaniel Weare, Benjamin Sanborn & 
Nathaniel Batchelder, were the Committee to treat with him Nov. 
30tii Voted To give Mr Whipple one hundred and twenty pounds in 
money and ye use of the parsonage — 1732, 20 pounds additional were 
added to ^Iv. Whipple's salary. 



HISTORY OF CHURCH AND PARISH. 



29 



Eev. Joseph Whipple, second pastor of Hampton Falls church, 
was born at Ipswich, Mass., in 1701, and was graduated from Har- 
vard College in 1720. 

Hampton falls January the 4, 1726 & 7, Josej)!! Whijjple was oi*- 
dainecl Pastor of that Church. The Eevd Mr Gookin made the first 
prayer. The Eevd Mr. Wigg'lesworth Preached from 2 Cor. 5 — 11 — The 
Revd Mr Gushing give the Charge— The Revd Mr Odlin the Eight Hand, 
& the Eevd Air Parsons the Last prayer. 

This record of his ordination was probably Avritten by Mr. 
"Whipple. 

Oct. 1734 Voted, That if the peoj^le on the west part of the parish 
now Kensington hire a minister for four months this winter ensuing 
the charge therof Shall be added unto Eev Mr Whipples Eate in order 
to be paid by the whole parish. 

An account of Persons Dismissed from this Chh. Oct. 4, 1737 to 
Incorporate a Chh at Kensington. 
John Prescott 



Eob. Eoe 
John Batchelder 
Abraham Sanborn 
John Weare 
Eichard Sanborn 
James Sanborn 
Hezekiah Blake 
Eben. Brown 
Wadleigh Gram 
Abel Ward 
Moses Blake 
Edmund Lock 
Natt. Derbon 
Simon Batchelder 
Joseph Draper 
Benj. Prescott 
Joseph Tilton 
Jedediah Blake 
Nathan Clough 
Xatt Prescott 
Abigail Prescott 
Sarah Clifford 
Bethiah Palmer 
Elizabeth Sanborn 
Apphia Eoe 
Eachael Toppan 
Hannah Tilton 
55 persons 21 males & 34 females. 
3 



Hannah Blake 
Margaret Brown 
Abigail Batchelder 
Sarah Dow 
Deborah Sanborn 
Joana Smith 
Euth Cram 
Ann Blake 
Ann Tilton 
Elizabeth Dow 
Lydia Smith 
Deborah Weare 
Phebe Draper 
Elizabeth Gove 
Mary Derbon 
Mary Shaw 
Huldah Chapman 
Sarah Batchelder 
Precilla James 
Elizabeth Tilton 
Elizabeth Row 
Margaret Ward 
Euth Eo^v 
Leah Eo^v 
Mehitable Blake 
Dorathy Moulton 
Ann Prescutt 
Joanna Blake 



so HISTORY OF HAMPTON FALLS. 

1737 Voted To put a new roof on the Meeting- house and that they 
put on spouts to carry away the water from the eaves. For plastering' 
under the beams. For windows and clapboards, and for all things 
to put the meetinjj house in good repair. 

These repairs appear to have been made. 

In those days most people believed it to be their religious duty 
to build some stone wall upon their premises every year by way of 
permanent improvement. This idea extended to the parsonage 
lands. In 1739 it was — 

Voted to build 60 rods of stone wall at the upper parsonage by j'e 
next fall and that a Committee be chosen who shall determine on 
Avhat part it shall be made, and what sort of a wall shall be made. 
Anyone ^vho is interested in maintaining the parsonage shall have 
liberty to take part in the same If the work is not done in a proper 
manner the committee may abate what they think proper, and the 
expense shall be borne by the rateable inhabitants of the parish, ex- 
cept Quakers in proportion to each mans estate. 

1766 Voted, To build some stone wall at the lower parsonage and 
the price of labor shall be, two shillings per day for a man and the same 
for a yoke of oxen 

Walls were voted to be built at various other times by the town. 

1745 Voted, To take down the old barn at the parsonage and build 
a new one, using such of the old stuff as may be fit. 

It will be remembered that when the commoners of Hampton 
granted the parsonage lands to Hampton Falls it was on condi- 
tion that they should relinquish all claims to the parsonage lands 
in Hampton. After a time some of our people became possessed 
with the idea that Hampton Falls had a claim on some of the re- 
maining parsonage lands in the old town. Kensington and North 
Hampton came to the conclusion that they had some claims also. 
On the 24th of June, 1745, some of the people of Hampton Falls, 
headed by Col. Ichabod Roby, attended a town meeting in Hamp- 
ton, and undertook to Tote, although this town had been incor- 
porated as a parish with town privileges for twenty-five years, and 
had ceased to act with the town of Hampton in any way during 
that time. The meeting was riotous, and the Falls voters were 
compelled to withdraw. They held a meeting on the 1st of July, 
in which they voted that Col. Ichabod Eoby, Jona. Fifield, and 
Jona. Nason should be a "committee with Xorth Hampton and 
Kensington to take such measures as they think best for the recov- 



HISTORY OF CHURCH AND PARISH. 31 

ery of some parts of the land the town of Hampton bought of Rev, 
Timothy DaJton, and to report their proceedings forthwith." 

September 16, 17-i5, the town of Hampton held a meeting in 
which they vote "That we will prosecute all, or some of the persons 
that came into our meeting on the 24:th. of June last, and behaved 
in a disorderly manner." The selectmen were authorized to pros- 
ecute. 

The town of Hampton Falls held a meeting on the 30th of Sep- 
tember, 1745, duly warned for the purpose, and passed a vote 
choosing Joseph Worth, Benjamin Hilliard, and Jona. Swett to 
"commence an action or actions against the town of Hampton and 
prosecute the same to final judgment for their denying the right 
of the inhabitants of the Falls parish to vote in the meeting held 
on the 2-lth of June last. And also to defend any and all the in- 
habitants against any action which may be brought for their con- 
duct at said meeting." There is no record of any action being taken 
in either town under these votes, and it is probable there was none. 

In 1760 it was put to vote to see if the town would proceed in a 
course of law to recover some part of the parsonage or ministerial 
lands, and it was voted in the negative. 

Thus ended a long controversy with the town of Hampton. 

The parsonage was burned February 18, 1749, while occupied 
by Mr. Wliipple. The day following (19th) the parish voted to 
rebuild the house. Jonathan Fifield, Samuel Walton, Josiah 
Batchelder, and Jonathan Swett were chosen building committee. 
The new house was forty feet in length, thirty-two feet wide, two 
stories high, with one chimney. The cost was £1,807 16s. 2d. old 
tenor. This house stood upon the site of the one now occupied by 
Mrs. Joseph T. Sanborn, and was torn down in 1837. Deacon 
Emery Batchelder, who assisted in taking it down, said it was a 
good house at that time. It was painted inside and out. The 
chimney contained three flues; the inside of each was large enough 
for a bed-room. He considered it a better house and more con- 
venient than the one which took its place and is standing at the 
present time. 

After the fire and until the house was rebuilt, Mr. Whipple occu- 
pied a house owned by Benjamin Swett, innholder, where Mr. 
Morton lately lived. This house stood on the east side of the road 
at the top of Morton hill; the lilac bush now standing in the road 



32 HISTORY OF HAMPTON FALLS. 

vras in front of it. The rent of this house, cow yard, and well was 
thirty poimds, old tenor, per year. 

1744 Certain persons gave the Church trouble by being" refractory 
and refusing to be admonished of their error. They were Quakers. 

Mr. AVhipple disapproved of the course of AYhitefield, and was one 
of the clergymen who wrote the Boston ministers, representing the: 
evils which would result from admitting him into their pulpits. 

Mr. "Whipple officiated at both the marriages of ilechech \Yeare,. 
July 20, 1"38, when he married Elizabeth Shaw, and December 11, 
1T46, when he married Mrs. Mehitable Wainwright. 

December 24, l^oG, the selectmen called a meeting as follows: 

Wheras it has Pleased God, in his Providence to Aisit our Eev<J" 
Pastor !Mr Joseph Whipple "with sickness so as he has been for some- 
time past taken off from his publick Labors in the ministry among" us 
and there doeth not yet appear any prospect that he "will be able for 
some time to Preach among us — Therfore to see if the Parish "will agree 
to hire some Suitable person for to Preach among us till such a time 
as Mr Whipple shall be able to Preach again & co. 

Mr. ^Yhipple died February IT. 1^5T. A meeting was called the 
day following (18th) when a committee was chosen, consisting of 
Dea. Jonathan Fifield, Capt. Eichard Xason, and Col. Mechech 
"Weare, to take charge of the burial, the expense not to exceed four 
hundred pounds, old tenor, which would be about forty pounds 
sterling. At a meeting March 15, Colonel Weare and two others 
were chosen a committee to secure preaching for two or three 
Sabbaths; also voted that Mrs. Whipple should have the use of one 
half the parsonage house for one year; also one half the garden, 
the fruit of thirty apple trees, the use of half the barn, the i^astur- 
ing of a cow at the upper parsonage, the improvements of the whole 
lower parsonage for pasturing a horse and cutting hay for a horse 
and cow; also the full produce of an acre of rye sown at the upper 
parsonage. 

Mr. Whipple was buried in the old cemetery b}' the side of Mr. 
Cotton. The following inscription is upon his tombstone: 

Here lies the body of Revl Mr Joseph Whipple Avho having "wisely and 
faithfully Discharged the Pastoral office — In Second Church in Ilamj)- 
ton. Deceased Feby l?tii 1757 In the oGtii year of his age, and .31st of 
his ministry- highly esteemed and beloved in life And in death much 
lamented 



HISTORY OF CHURCH AND PARISH. 33 

CHUKCH EECOED KEPT BY REV. JOSEPH WHIPPLE. 

Jan. 27 1727 At a Chh. meeting held at Mr Benji^ Veseys 

1 Voted That yr be eight Sacraments in a year 

2 That every- communicant Pay two Shillings to defray the Charge 
therof. 

3 That making a Relation in Public shall not be Required of any 
one who Desire admission into the church provided they give good 
satisfaction to ye minister who examines them, nemine contradient. 

feb. 28 1728 At a Chh meeting^ — Voted that Jonathan Cram & his 
•wife be suspended from the communion, for a season for their Breach 
of the seventh commandment. 

2nd That mr Longfellow, mr Healey & ilr Wadley stir up those 
that are behind toward the charge of the Sacrament. 

20 JSIar. Jonathan Cram & his \yite made a publick confession & 
■were restored again to their former privileges. 

At a Chh meeting feb. 27, 1730, Voted a Desmission to Sami Locks 
"wife & to Jer. Beajis wife to the Chh of Kingston 

2nd Voted That what money is in the Deacons hands & what shall 
te gathered by a contribution be Reposited in Dean Sanborns & Batch- 
elders hands — to be expended in repairing & providing utensils for 
the Lords table. 

Att a Chh. meeting June o^^ 1730. Benjamin Prescutts wife made 
a public acknowledgment to the chh. for her breach of the 7 Com- 
mandment & was accepted. 

Also the Chh voted that if any had children under seven calender 
months, they should be called to an account before the Chh. 

The breach of the seventh commandment appears to have been 
the cause of discipline in most of the cases which appear upon the 
church records. 

1732. At a Chh meeting March 3.— Voted That Capt Jethro Tilton, 
Jonathan Fifield & John Batchelder, Call uj)on those who are behind 
in y proportion to the charges of the Lords Table 

Mar. 5 Enoch Clark was suspended from the Lords Table for breach 
of the seventh Commandment. 

Ap. 16 Jacob Garland was suspended from the Lords table for the 
sin of drunkeness. 

May 14 Enoch Clark was Restored to his former Chh Privileges, and 
then Dismissed to Greenland. 

July 16 Jacob Garland made a publick confession of his sin and 
was restored to his former privileges 

Mar. 4 1733 Ellen Norton wife of William made a publick confession 
of her breach of the seventh commandment & then was Dismissed 
to Greenland. 

Aug. 31 1735 Abraham Haskell an occasional Communicant was 
Suspended from the Lords table for breach of Sabbath 



34 HISTORY OF HAMPTON FALLS. 

Sept. 7 Was restored again after a public acknowledg-ment of his 
offense. 

Sept 21 Henry Eoby & Abigail his wife made a publick Confession 
before ye Congregation for yr. breach of ye seventh commandment. 

Eachael Shaw wife of Gideon made a publick acknowledgment of 
her breach of ye seventh commandment. 

Oct. 5. Henry Roby & Abigail his wife renewed the Cov* and had ye 
child bapttized 

Oct. 5. Eebecca Garland the wife now of Benj Towie made a con- 
fession before the Congregation of her breach of the seventh com- 
mandment — had her child baptized & was dismissed to Hampton Chh. 

Oct. 12 Mary Cram the widdoA\' of Sami Cram made a publick 
acknowledgment before the congregation for the breach of the seventh 
Commandment^ — and two Sabbaths after was taken into full com- 
munion. 

Mar. 3 1736 Elizabeth Dow the wife of Ezekiel Dow made a pub- 
lick acknowledgment of her breach of the seventh commandment & 
allowed the privilege of the communion 

Mar. 3 Att a Chh. meeting Voted l^t an acceptance of Elizabeth 
Dow's confession & co. 

2°<i Joseph Worths admission into the Chh from Dr Colmans 

3 A Dismission to Sarah Smith the new wife of Mr. ]*tIorril to Salis- 
bury 2(1 Chh. 

4 That every communicant should pay 2 — 6 this year in order to 
defray the charges of the Lords table 

Mar. 21 Euth Eoby made a publick acknowledgment before the Con- 
gregation of her breach of the seventh Commandment 

Ap 24 1737 The Chh Voted 1st That they would make an Enqy. into 
the report concerning Joseph Draper being guilty of violation of the 
8 commandment. 

2d That Deacon Wear, Deacon Sanborn, & Deacon Batchelder be a 
committee of the Chh. to make Enqy. into the affair & make report to 
ye Pastor in wTiting. 

July 31. The above named committee made report to ye Chh. & 
yr being no proof offered of Drapers being guilty — It was voted that 
he continue to Enjoy Gospel privileges as before. 

Xov. 17 The 3 Deacons were chosen by the Chh as messingers to 
be witnesses of Mr. Foggs ordination at Kensington 

Mar. 1 1738 Att a Chh meeting after Lecture Voted That every 
communicant shall pay 2 Shillings & sixpence this year to defray 
the charges of the Lords table. 

2<i That the arreas of the Communicants that were of this Chh & 
no'sv of the Chh at Kensington be given to that Chh. to help furnish 
the Lords table & that it be Deposited in the hands of the Deacons at 
Kensington for that end. 

Att a Chh. meeting in the meeting house — The Chh voted 

1 That they would Choose two Deacons 

2 That Mr. Jonathan Fifield & Mr. Josiah Batchelder be the per- 
sons 



HISTORY OF CHURCH AND PARISH. 35 

Oct. 28 1739 A letter from several persons belonging to the East part 
of Kingston being read — They invite the presence & assistance of the 
Chh in the ordination of mr. Peter Coffin — Voted that we comply with 
the request & that the three Eldest Deacons Viz. Deacons Wear, San- 
born & Batchelder, be Delegates from the Chh in yt affair. 

A letter from several persons att and about north hill in Hampton. 
Requesting the presense & assistance of this Chh in the ordination of 
Mr. Nathi Gookin being read. Voted that they will comply with the 
request — & that the two younger Deacons Viz. Deacons Fifield & Batch- 
elder & Mr Mechech Weare go as messengers from this Chh. 

feb. 23 1739 The Chh being stopped after the publick worship 
Voted, that each communicant pay the Deacons for the year ensuing 
to Defray the Charges of the Lords table 2 — 6. 

Jan. IS 1740 The Chh being stayed after the public worship & a 
letter being read to them from the Eev^ mr. Marsh of Amesbury to 
joyn in Council to give advice to him under some difficulties — Voted 
that the Chh would concur with the request — & that Deacon Fifield 
& Deacon Josiah Batchelder go as messengers or Delegates from this 
Chh. 

feb. 26 1741 Having stayed the Chh. after publick service — Voted 
that Each communicant i^ay 2 — 6, for the year ensuing to defray the 
charges of the Lords table. 

Mar. 1 Stayed the Chh. after the blessing (The Congregation having 
had leave stayed) I read to them the result of the Council Att Amesbury. 

feb. 20 1743 Stayed the Chh after meeting & read a letter from 
South Hampton to come & help in gathering a Chh & ordaining mr. 
William Parsons on the 23 Instant. The Chh. voted to send ye Elders 
& me-sengers & Deacon Fifield & Deacon Josiah Batchelder were chosen 
delegates 

Mar. The Chh. chose Deacon Fifield & Deacon Josiah Batchelder to 
go as Delegates from this Chh with ye Pastor as witnesses of ^Mr. Web- 
sters ordination. 

Mar. 2 1742 Stayed the Chh. after Lecture and they voted that each 
communcant pay this year 3 shillings toward defraying the charge of 
the Lords table. 

Ap. 9 1743 Stayed the Chh. after Lecture & they voted that each 
communicant should pay this year 3 shillings towards the defraj'ing 
the Charge of the Lords table. 

Majf 15. Stayed the Chh. after meeting and read them a letter from 
the Chh at Amesbury, Desiring the jjresence & assistance by yr Elders 
and messengers, to council and advise with regard to Eevd mr ^Marshes 
Dismission from his Pastoral Eelations among them. 

Voted, That they will attend y presence by yi" Elders & messingers — 
Voted that Deacon Fifield & Deacon Josiah Batchelder be Delegates 
from the Chh. on this occasion Voted that iMercy Xongfellow wife of 
Jonathan be Dismissed from her present Eelation to this Chh. to In- 
corporate with the Chh of X* in Nottingham. 

June 5 Read a confession of Anna Batchelder before the congrega- 



36 HISTORY OF HAMPTON FALLS. 

tion — After they withdrew, the Chh. accepted her acknowledsrment, 
and then (After Sacrament) Dismissed her to the first Chh in Hampton. 
A motion being made by the Pastor whether those who have of late 
absented themselves frora the communion of the Chh. Should now be 
enquired of as to the reasons of jt absence, It was voted that Deacon 
Fifield, Deacon Josiah Batchelder and mr mechech M'eare be a com- 
mittee of the Chh to inquire into the cause of their absence and report 
to the Pastor 

July 16 Stayed the Chh after meeting & read the Chh the Reasons 
(as thej' are called) given in by the aforesaid committee — What they 
had heard from the Several persons yin mentioned why they ab- 
sented from Communion & Left the confidence of ym. with the 
Chh, that they might weigh y™ and See if yr be any force in y™. 

Aug. 14 Stayed the Chh after meeting & read to them again the 
grounds, or reasons several of this Chh have given to a committee of 
this Chh. who were chosen by the Chh. to Enqr into the Eeasons of yr 
absenting themselves from communion. Also Eead a paper to the Chh 
\vch Several of the members of the Chh. had given to us, & Signed by 
them ■vvich InvaliDates the Eeasons given in by our absenting commu- 
nicants & after weighing and considering the same, The Chh Voted — 
That the Eeasons wch. Job Haskell, Jeremiah Preston, John Philbrick, 
Abigail Prescutt, Mary Preston, Phebe Cass, Martha Cass, Abigail Cass, 
& iMary Blake, have offered are Invalid & Insufficient for y absent- 
ing themselves from the Lords table. 

2 Voted that they be admonished to Eeturn to yr Duty and con- 
stant communion with this Chh. in all ordinance of word & Sacrament, 
then reading to the Chh. an admonition to be communicated to said 
Delinquents the Chh. — Voted — That this should be communicated to 
you Mutually, by the Hands of Deacon Jonathan Fifield, Deacon Josiah 
Batchelder & mr mechech wear, the committee formerlj' chosen to 
Enqr why thej' absented. 

The reasons why these persons and others who had absented them- 
selves from the Communion and fellowship of the Church was that 
thej' were, or had become Quakers. 

A motion being made concerning Jonathan Crams Absenting from 
Communion — It was agreed that he had not Laid matters properly, 
before the Chh. for y Cognizance. 

Voted that Elizabeth Cram be admonished to Eeturn to her Duty 
and Communion ■with this Chh. in all ordinances & the above named 
Committee admonished her accordingly 

Aug. 25. This day a Chh meeting was called. Accordingly- met at 
Daniel Sanborns house to consider Some Difficulty Subsisting between 
Jonathan Cram & Capt. Jon^ Tilton — they being Desired to go to- 
gether tt make up yr Difference & a Committee of the Chh being with 
them, they made up y Difference so that It was not Laid before the 
Chh. 

Jan. 22 1744 Stayed the Chh after meeting & Eead a letter from the 
Chh of Xt in Almsbury, Eequesting the Presence & assistance of this 



HISTORY OF CHURCH AND PARISH. 87 

Chh. in the ordination of mr Elisha Odlin aecording'ly — Voted that 
the Chh would offer y Presence & that Deacon Jona Fiiield & Deacon 
•Josiah Batchelder go as Delegates from this Chh. -with the Pastor 
for the purpose asked in sd letter. 

Mar. 2 Stayed the Chh after Lecture & having proposed to them to 
raise money to Defray the Charges of the Lords table the j-ear ensu- 
ing — Voted that each member paj' 3 shillings for the end aforesaid. 

Sept. 2 1744 Elizabeth Cram the wife of Jonathan having been with 
the Pastor of the Chh. & acknowledged her error he Informed the 
Chh yof, with her prayers for the fixture by the blessing of God, to 
teep close to God, in the way of his holiness. The Chh Voted that 
she be admitted to communion as heretofore 

Nov. 18 Stayed the Chh after publick worship & Eead to them a 
convictatory admonition — Drawn up with Eefference to those who have 
■with drawn communion from us, & who have been once admonished 
to Keturn to jt Duty, & then propounded some things to the Chh. to 
he acted upon, & they passed the following vote Viz. 

1st That Jeremiah Preston, John Philbrick, Job Haskel, Abigial 
Prescutt, Mary Preston, Marj- Blake, Phebe Cass, Martha Cass, & 
Abigail Cass, be again admonished to Eeturn to yr Duty and Com- 
munion with the Chh. in word & ordinances & that the above Referred 
to admonition be administered to them 

2d That the above mentioned Persons be susjiended as to having any 
hand or vote in. the Government of the Chh. till they return to the- 
Communion of the Chh in word and ordinance & Declare yr return. 

3<i That the Deacons notify Sayd persons to attend next Lords Daj'' 
after Publick worship to Receive the admonition. 

4tii That Deacon Fifield, Deacon Josiah Batchelder & mr Mechech 
wear, be a committee to Enqr of John Presciitt. widow Shaw, Jere- 
miah Gove's wife, and Enoch Gove's wife why they absent from word 
& Sacrament & bring yr Reasons in ■\^Titing 

Nov. 25 Agreeable to vote, pas<i 18 November, Stayed the Chh after 
meeting & Read the admonition voted to Jeremiah Preston, Job Haskel, 
John Philbrick, Abigail Cass, Abigail Prescutt, Mary Preston & Martha 
Cass. — Phebe Cass & Mary Blake did not appear. 

feb. 24 1745 Stayed the Chh after meeting & Voted that each com- 
m.unicant pay to the Deacons three Shillings to Defray- the Charges 
of the Lord's table. 

Ap. 14 Stayed the Chh after Sacrament & then Voted a dismission 
to Abigail Longfellow now the wife of Benj Brown to the Chh of Xt 
at Kensington. 

feb. 2 Stayed the Chh after Lecture & Voted that each communicant 
pay the Deacons 3 shillings & six pence towards Defraying the Charges 
of the Lords table. 

1747 feb. 1. Read a letter from the first Chh in Portsmouth Re- 
questing assistance in Mr. Langdon's ordination 

1st Voted to grant ye Request 

2d Voted that Deacon Fifield, Deacon Batchelder & mr Mechech 
weare be delegates from this Chh on this occasion 



38 HISTORY OF HAilPTON FALLS. 

The Mr Langdon referred to above -u-as Eev. Dr. Samuel Lang- 
don, who was installed pastor of Hampton Falls church in 1781 and 
continued until his death in 1T97. 

feb. 21 1747 Stayed the Chh after Lecture & they Voted that each 
communicant Shall pay five Shillings to Defray- the Charges of the 
Lord's table for the year ensuing. 

Ap. 12 Staj-ed the Chh after Sacrament & voted to dismiss Abigail 
Goss to Eye. 

May 10 Stayed the Congregation after Seivice & propounded to 
them whether Josiah Batchelder, Sami Shaw & Caleb Sanborn be 
assistants in Reading and Sitting (tuning) the Psalms Voted as far 
as I could observe in the affirmative. 

June 21 Stayed the Chh after meeting and read them a letter from 
the 2d Chh in Salisbury praying y presence & advice upon a difficulty 
arisen in the Chh. — Voted that the Pastor & Delegates Viz Deacon 
Fifield & Batchelder with the Pastor attend upon the Request of the 
letter. 

Oct. 18 Marj- Luverin made a publick acknowledgment for her 
violation of 7 Commandment & the Sabbath following had her base 
born child baptized. 

Mar. 2 1748 Stayed the Chh after lecture and Voted l^t That the 
Deacons Call upon those that have not pajed their proportion of 
Charges to Defray the Expenses of the Lord's table in time past 

2d That each communicant pay six shillings this year to defray 
the charges of the Lord's table 

Mar. 1 1749 Stayed the Chh after Lecture. After laying the case 
of Mary Williams wife of \Yalter Williams before the Chh for the 
violation of the 7 commandment — Voted That ]Mr Joseph Worth & 
Capt. Prescutt be a Committee to Inform her that the Chh. is offended 
with her & expect that she give them Satisfaction, & Return to Duty, — 
That each Communicant pay eight Shillings toward defraying the 
Charges of the Lord's table this year. 

Ap. 16, 1749 Stayed the Chh. after the Sacrament & Read the report 
of Capt. Prescutt & mr Joseph Worth, being a committee chosen by 
the Chh. which they made concerning Mary Williams Avife of Walter, 
Upon which the Chh Voted That iMary Williams the wife of Walter 
be suspended from all special Privileges in this Chh. until she comes 
& gives Satisfaction to the Chh. for her violation of the seventh com- 
mandment. 

Oct. 14 Read a Recommendatory- Letter from the Pastor of the Chh 
of Christ at Kensington, Respecting Jane Knowlton, & this Chh Voted 
to admit her to special ordinance & accordingly She did this daj- Sitt 
down att the Lord's table A\-ith us. 

feb. 28 1750 Stayed the Chh after Lecture & they Voted that each 
communicant pay 7 shillings old tenor, to defray the charges of the 
Lord's table for the currant vear 



HISTORY OF CHURCH AND PARISH. 89 

Sept. 14 Stayed the Chh. after Lecture. Read a letter from 34 
Parish in Kittery, Eespecting Mr. Josi. Chase's ordination — Voted that 
the Chh. would offer yr Presence by ye Elders & Delegates. 

2d Voted That Deacon Fifield & mr Joseph Worth be the delegates 
on this occasion. 

Dec. 2 Stayed the Chh after Sacrament & read a letter from the- 
Chh of Newington Respecting Mr. T. Chase's Installment 
Voted— that the Pastor & two Deacons go upon that seiTice. 
Also Voted, that the two Deacons make Inquiry of these that have 
absented from the Sacrament the Reasons of y^ Conduct & Deliver- 
the same to the Pastor in writing to be laid before the Chh. 

Jan. 13 1751 Stayed the Chh after meeting and Voted to Dismiss; 

Benj Veasey & wife in order to Incorporate with a Chh at Brentwood 

feb. 27 Stayed the Chh after Lecture & Voted that each communicant 

pay seven Shillings, old tenor for the defraying the charges of the- 

Lord's table the currant year. 

Ap. 14 Stayed the Chh after Sacrament. Read a letter to them 
from the second Chh of Xt in Kittery to come & assist them in th& 
ordination of mr Benj. Stevens — Voted that they would afford y pres- 
ence & assistance — Voted that Deacon Fifield & Deacon Batchelder & 
mr weare be Delegates from this Chh. 

June. 25 1751 Att a Chh meeting at Deacon Batchelder's, Past the^ 
following votes. 

1st The widow Mary Shaw having long absented from word & ordi* 
nance & various methods being used to bring her to Dutj-, but to no 
purpose Voted that her conduct is ground of offence to this Chh. 

2d Voted that she be suspended from the enjoyment of Special 
ordinances in this x^lace until she return & Declare her Repentance Ss 
purpose to walk Regularly & in Communion with us. 

Reuben Sanborn's wife's case Respecting her absence from th& 
Lord's table being mentioned — Voted that the case be deferred for 
further Consideration & Declare that it was not Propper to Baptize 
the Child she brought up, upon her account, all things considered 

Elizabeth Swett's Case being proposed — Voted that it be Deferred 
for further Consideration. 

Jacob Green having absented from Communion for some consider- 
able time — Voted, that he be exhorted to Return to his duty & that pre- 
vious to his Retiirn & Communion he give Reasons for his past 
Conduct. 

Jonathan Cram having put in a paper of charge against Jonathan 
Tilton & wife — which being read to the Church Voted That It don't 
appear to us that Brother Cram has took the 2d Stej)S the Gospel Re- 
quires in order to Reconcilliation & By a paper Signed by two men 
which was Laid before the Chh. — Voted that it appeared to us that 
the controversy between our Brethren Jonathan Cram & Jonathan 
Tilton were made up between them on or about September last. — 
And Wheras, Brother Jona Cram has exhibited complaint against Mar- 
garet Tilton not Supported. 



40 HISTORY OF HAMPTON FALLS. 

Voted that Bro Jn^ Cram take proper methods to be reconciled 
to his Sister Margaret Tilton & if any offence has been given or taken 
since the Date above Respecting his Brother Jonathan Tilton — He 
take the proper methods for reconcilliation & attend his Duty at the 
Lord's table 

Elizabeth Cram the vs-ife of Jonn, having absented from the Lord's 
table for some considerable time Voted That She be admonished to 
return to her Duty & Previous to her coming to communion She 
give in her Reasons for her past neglect 

Voted a dismission to Lydia Hoit now the wife of Mr Smith to the 
first Chh in Exeter. 

Nov. 10 1753 Stayed the Chh after meeting & Read a letter from 
the Chh in Salisbury Asking the presence & assistance of this Chh 
in the ordination of mr. Edmund Xoyes. 

1st Voted that this Chh will offord their presence by ye Elders & 
Messengers 

2d Thet mr. Mechech weare Deacon Fifield & Deacon Batchelder 
go as Delegates from this Chh. 

Also Voted That Mary Brown now the wife of mr. — Moulton be 
Desmissed to the first Chh in Hampton. 

feb.. 26, 1752 Stayed the Chh after meeting 1st Voted that the 
widow Mehitable Steward be exempt from paying charges for the 
support of the Lord's table 

2d That Joseph Worth, Joseph Sanborn & Nathan Tilton call upon 
those that have not paid y jiroportion for the defra3'iug the charges 
of the Lord's table 

3d Each communicant pay 7 Shillings old tenor this year to sup- 
port the charges of the Lord's table 

feb. 1753 Stayed the Chh after Lecture & Voted that each com- 
municant pay 7 shillings old tenor, for the Support of the Lord's 
Table this year. 

feb. 9 Stayed the Chh after meeting & Voted a Dismission & their 
Recommendation to Nathan, Sanborn & wife to Eloping Chh. 

1754 Stayed the Chh after meeting & Voted that each communi- 
cant pay 7 Shillings old tenor to Defraj- the Charges of the Lord's 
table this year. 

2d Voted that the widow Philbrick be exemijted from jjaj'ing her 
quota. 

Oct. 3. Stayed the Chh. after meeting — Read a letter from the Chh 
in amesbury Respecting mr. Hibbert's Installation to the ministry 
in that place Voted that the two Deacons & mr. wear, are chosen 
as Delegates in that occasion 

This is the last entry on the record by Mr. Whipjile. His fail- 
ing health probably was the reason of its not being kept up until 
his death, nearly two and a half years later, Februar}% 1757. 

It will be noticed that the amount voted to defray the charges 



HISTORY OF CHURCH AND PARISH. 41 

of the Lord's table was much larger than at first. This was prob- 
ably owing to the depreciation in the currency, which was very 
great during the time of Mr. Whipple's ministry. 

In 1739, a meeting was called to act upon the following article r 
"To See if the People belonging to this meeting Raise money to by 
a bell for the youse of Said Parish." But in the report of this 
meeting no allusion is made to the subject. So far as known the 
bell upon the academy was the first one ever hung in the town. 

By the chm-ch record, Ave find that there were quite a number of 
colored persons in the town, many of whom were members of the 
church. The colored peoj^le had special seats assigned to them 
in the meeting-house. 

May 3, 1737, a committee was chosen to present to Mr. Josiah 
Bayley a unanimous call to settle Avith us as a successor of Mr. 
"Whipple. At a meeting. May 23, he was offered a salary of fifty 
pounds sterling, and a part of the parsonage lands. He declined 
to accept this offer. On the 23d of June the other lands were 
included, with the provision that he should keep in repair at his 
own expense the buildings and fences. This offer Avas accepted in 
the folloAA'ing letter: 

To the inhabitants of the Parish of Hampton falls Gentlemen — I 
haA'e calmly weighed & deliberated uj)on the last vote yon passed for 
my encouragement to settle to the AA^ork of the Gospel ministry ovei" 
you in this place. — And under a solemn Sense of the great importance 
of this work and with humble dependence upon the Grace and good 
ProA'idence of God, — I herebj^ declare my acceptance of your invita- 
tion and offer to settle in the Avork of the Gospel ministry — Not doubt- 
ing- your readiness, not only cheerfully and faithfully, to make good 
your purpose for my outAvard comfort, but upon every occasion to. 
testify the same good will for me as unforseen Providence may give 
occasion, and above all a constant remembrance of me at the throne 
of grace, that I may be faithful and successful in my office among 
you — Who am your affectionate friend and humble Servant for Christ's, 

Sake 

JOSIAH BAYLEY 

Hampton Falls June SOth 1757. 

The above is the first place upon the Hampton Falls records- 
where Falls is AA'ritten with a capital "F." 

The call of Mr. Bayley was unanimous and no objection to the 
terms offered him is recorded. But on the 29th of July more than 
thirty of the inhabitants petitioned the selectmen to call a meeting 
to reconsider the vote as to the terms offered. This petition Avas- 



42 HISTORY OF HAMPTON FALLS. 

Unheeded. A meeting ^vas called by Justices Samuel Gilman and 
Theodore Smith of Exeter. This meeting was held October 5, 
when the offer of fifty pounds was reconsidered and at the same 
date Mr. Bayley accepted forty-two pounds. The Eev. Thomas 
Barnard of Salem, ]\Iass., preached the ordination sermon. In 
the beginning of 1759 Mr. Bayley's health had become so much 
impaired that the parish voted, April 7, to hire a preacher for three 
months, and one hundred pounds was voted Mr. Bayley as a free 
gift. June 28, voted to hire preaching two months. September 
7, voted to hire preaching three months. 

April 7, 1759, ]\Ir. Bayley, in a communication, desired the parish 
to take charge of the farm for liis benefit, except the house lot, 
when the use of the remainder was sold at auction to the highest 
bidder. 

Feb 17 17C2 Wheras It has pleased God in his Providence to visit 
our Pastor Mr. Josiah Bayley with sicl^ness, So as he has Been for 
Some time, past taken off, his Publick Labour in the ministry among 
us and there doth not yet appear any Prospect that he will be able 
for sum time to Do the Labours of the ministry among- us. — Therfore 
to see if the Parish will agree to hire. 

Rev. Josiah Bayley was born at Xewbury, Mass., January 2G, 1734, 
graduated at Harvard College in 1752, was ordained October 19, 
1757, and died September 12, 1762. 

On the day of his death a meeting of the parish was called for 
the next day, when the selectmen were instructed to bury him at 
the expense of the parish, not to exceed three hundred and fifty 
pounds, old tenor. 

The first three pastors of Hampton Falls church are buried side 
by side in the old parish burying ground. The following is the 
inscription to Mr. Bayley: 

Here are Interred the remains of the Rev^ Mr. Josiah Bayley, Third 
Pastor of the Church in Hampton Falls Who after he had wisely and 
faithfully discharged the dutes of his office for the space of five years 
Was Received Into the joy of his Lord Sept 12—1762. ^tats 28. 

Of Eev. Mr. Bayley and his work but little is or can be known. 
The absence and loss of the church record, and his not continuing 
the diary which had been kept by his two predecessors, renders it 
impossible for us to know much of him or what was accomplished 
during his ministry. The only known written production of Mr. 



HISTORY OF CHURCH AND PARISH. 43 

Bayley's is his letter of acceptance. Neither do we know what 
ministers assisted at his ordination. Tradition says he was a man 
much respected and beloved, and his early death sincerely regretted. 
AYe have no record or knowledge of his having a wife or family, 
as we find no mention of either. During his ministry twenty-three 
owned the covenant and one hundred axid twenty-two were bap- 
tized. Sometime in 1763 Dea. Edmund Bayley, father of Kev. 
Josiah Bayley, came here and made a demand for the rent of the 
parsonage and a balance of salary. A committee sent out to settle 
with him was empowered to offer him three hundred pounds, old 
tenor, which he declined. By a receipt recorded upon the records, 
Mr. Bayley settled for three hundred and sixty-four pounds, old 
tenor. This receipt was dated June 8, 1763. This would appear 
to have settled the matter, but we find that at a meeting November 
23, 1767, Mr. Weare was chosen to defend the parish in a suit which 
had been brought by Edmund Bayley. 

It is impossible at this time to determine the salaries of the early 
ministers or the prices named for many other things, owing to the 
depreciated condition of the currency. In 1740 the term "badness 
of our money" is used. From this cause frequent additions were 
voted to the minister's salary, and for the expense of the sacrament. 
It is to be presumed that when sterling money is mentioned that it 
meant sound money with no depreciation; when the term lawful 
money is used it is supposed to be coin. 

Soon after the death of Mr. Bayley efforts were made to secure a 
successor in the pastoral office. November 2, a committee of five, 
Jonathan Eifield, chairman, were instructed by the parish to ex- 
tend a call to Mr. Paine Wingate, who had been preaching to them 
as a supply. At a meeting December 28, Mr. Wingate was offered 
"the use, income and improvement of the parsonage house, barn 
and other buildings, and of the parsonage lands and flats," he mak- 
ing all repairs; also the annual sum of fifty pounds sterling, or its 
equivalent in currency. And Deacons Eifield, Sanborn, and Cap- 
tain Nason were chosen a committee to wait upon Mr. Wingate 
with some additional inducements. Mr. Wingate desired to have 
the meeting adjourned until he could give the matter further con- 
sideration. His acceptance fills two pages of the record book, and 
it is one unbroken sentence without stops or capitals. He accepts, 
but makes objection to the provision for keeping the buildings in 
repair, and wanted a more definite wording as to the kind of money 
he was to receive, and closes as follows: 



44 HISTORY OF HAMPTON FALLS. 

These alterations I do but very reasonably propose and by agreeing- 

therto in peace and love, — I shall be ready to serve you in the Lord 

as he shall give me strength and opportunity — Who am gentlemen 

your sincere friend and servant 

PAINE WIXGATE Jr. 

Hampton Falls Jan. IS, 1763. 

"To the Moderator to be Communicated" 

At the adjourned meeting, January 31, to receive Mr. Wingate's 
answer to the terms proposed for his settlement in the work of the 
ministr}% and Mr. Wingate's further answer being brought to the 
meeting and read, it was put to vote to see if the parish would make 
any further proposals for Mr. Wingate's support, and it was voted 
in the negative. The latter part of the further answei referred to 
is as follows: 

Instead of peace and love there now threatens, discord and disaffec- 
tion, and instead of Divine Providence Smiling- on the affair and 
encouraging me to j)roceed there appears many discouragments, Wher- 
fore as the face of things appears I can't at present Entertain any 
further thought of continuing with you, and now most heartily com- 
mend you to God, and to the Avord of his grace. Sincerely wishing you 
peace and prosperity, Who am gentlemen, your friend and humble 
servant. 

PAIXE WIXGATE Je. 

Almsbury Jan. 29tii 1763. 

May 9, 1763 Voted to hire Mr. Tellis :Merrill for four Sabbaths 
[he had already preached two] and pay him for Six Sabbaths. July l^t 
Voted to hire Mr. Paine Wingate to preach the four Sabbaths ensu- 
ing. Sept. 12tii Voted to extend a call to Mr. Micah Laurence of 
Hawke [now Danville] to Settle on the terms first offered iMr. Win- 
gate. Oct. oth Mr. Laurence declined the call of the parish. Altho, they 
further offered to keep the buildings and fences in order. 

Voted to apply to Mr. Paine Wingate for to preach with us four Sab- 
baths. Capt. Jonathan Swett, Mr. Ebeneazer Knowlton, & Job Has- 
kel dissent against the votes of this and the last meeting Relative to 
the Settling of Mr. Laurence 

Oct. 31 1763 1st Voted that Col. Mechech Weare be moderator of Said 
meeting — 2i(Uy Voted to renew the call to INIr. Paine Wingate to Set- 
tle in the work of the ministry in this parish — 2^y Voted that for an 
allowance to Mr. Pain Wingate for his salary and siipport. During- 
his continuance in the work of the ministry in this Parish in case he 
shall settle in that Avork here, — There be paid him the sum of Sixty 
five pounds Sterling money, of Great Brittian or Equivalent therto 
in the currancj' of the Province yearly and Each year During his 
continuance in Said work, — also that he may have the use and Im- 



HISTORY OF CHURCH AND PARISH. 45 

provement of the Parsonage House Barn, orchard and garden, and 
about five acres of land near mechech weare's House, commonly called 
the Lower Parsonage, the buildings and fences to be kept in repair by 
the Parish, Or if it will be more agreeable to Mr. Wingate to have the 
improvment of the whole parsonage lands Belonging to the Parish 
the fences and buildings to be Kept in repair by the Parish "as afore- 
said, he to have his salary in money only the sum of fifty five pounds 
Sterling or Equivalent therto in the currancy of this province to be paid 
him yearlj^ and he to determine which he will take at his first Set- 
tlement, that the parish may be at a certainty 

4tiiiy Voted that Deacon Jonathan Fifield, Deacon Joseph Worth, 
and deacon abner Sanborn, Capt Jonathan Tilton & Richard Nasou 
Esq. be a Committee to wait upon Mr. Wingate and aquaint him with 
the Votes of the Parish for his Settlement and Support. 

othiy Voted that this meeting be adjourned to next Monday at two 
oclock in the afternoon to receive Mr. Wingates answer. 

CALEB SANBORN, Parish Clerk 

Capt Jonathan Swett, Lt. Richard Smith, mr. Henry Roby and 
Enebeazer Knowlton Dissent against the Second vote Relative to mr. 
wingate's Call. — At the adjourned meeting Mr. Wingates answer being 
Brot and read, and he Excepted the Call, given him by the parish to 
Settle in the work of the ministry and the Support Voted for him 

Attested to CALEB SANBORN 

Parish Clerk 

MR. WINGATE'S ANSWER TO THE CHURCH AND CONGREGA- 
TION AT HAMPTON FALLS. 

Hond. and Beloved, Inasmuch as thro, the permission of divine 
Providence, your attempts to resettle in order of the gospel have once, 
and again been disappointed and your disposition towards my Settling 
with you Seems at present. So far as I can learn in general not to be 
alienated, or divided by our former parting and the trials you have 
since made but rather increased contrary to my expectations — I may, 
I think, look upon your renewed Call, as a call of divine Providence 
notwithstanding the uneasiness, of some whose dissatisfactions, I 
cannot account a Sufficient discouragment of my Settling with you, 
but hope thro, the interposition of divine goodness ^vill soon be re- 
moved. — I therfore now accept of your invitation and propose by the 
will of God to devote myself to his service in the work of the ministry 
among you and being sensible of my own Imperfections, and humbly 
depending on the help and grace of God, — I ask your prayers contin- 
ually for me, and wishing grace, mercy and peace may be multiplied 
unto you,;— I Remain ready to serve you in the gospel of our common 

lord 

PAINE WINGATE Je. 
4 



46 HISTORY OF HAMPTON FALLS. 

Under date of December 1-i, Mr. Wingate chose to take the whole 
parsonage with a cash salary of fifty-five pounds sterling. 

In 1763 a Presbyterian church was built in the south part of 
the town, now Seabrook, but nothing appears upon the records in 
relation to it until 1T65. The house built at that time is the one 
now standing, but has been remodeled, the lower part being used 
for a town house and the upper part by the Baptist society of Sea- 
brook as a place of worship. 

Province of -i These are to notify tlie freeholders and Inhab- 

Kew Hampshire ) itants of The Parish of Hampton Falls in Said 
province who are by law qualified to vote to meet at the meeting- house 
on Monday the Second day of Sept. next at one of the clock in the 
afternoon for the following purpose, Viz 

Wheras a number of persons in said parish have lately professed 
themselves of the Presbjterian persuasion and have applied to some 
ministers at Londonderry whom thej Call the Boston Presbj-terj-, 
desiring to be under their care, Representing that they apprehend 
themselves able and are freely willing to maintain a minister of the 
orthodox faith and that is united with said ministers in the Presby- 
terian government — And have made some objections to paying towards 
the Support of the Settled minister in Said jjarish, and altho there is 
no just reason that the above mentioned persons should in any Eespect 
be Excused, Except that it may Probably be most for the peace of Said 
parish that the above mentioned persons and their estates, should be 
set off, to act in all respects as a Distinct Society or parish by them- 
selves. Except paying their prof)ortion of the province tax until a new 
proportion thereof. — Therfore to See if the parish will vote to set 
off the above mentioned persons and their Estates to be Incorporated 
if the}' think proper to apply for it, to act in all resj)ects by themselves 
as a distinct Society or parish except i>a3ing ther proportion of the 
province tax until a Xew proportion therof, and to jiaj' all other 
charges as usual until thej' shall be set ofE as above mentioned — The 
line of Said new parish to be fixed by a committee of the General 
Court with Liberty for such of the above mentioned persons as shall 
not fall within Said new Parish to poll off with their Estates and Belong 
thereto, and for anj- who shall fall within Said New Parish who are 
not of the Presbyterian Perswasion to poll oft with their estates and 
belong to the Old Parish, — and for any who are not the Presbyterian 
Perswasion who have lands ^^^thin Said Xew Parish to poll of Said 
lands to belong to the parish of Hamj^ton Falls 

MECHECH WEARE ^ Select 
RICHARD XASOX ( men of 

Hampton Falls XATHAX TILTOX | Hampton 

Aug. 22—1765 SAMUEL COLLIXS ) Falls 



HISTORY OF CHURCH AND PARISH, 47 

At a Legal meeting of the freeholders and Inhabitants of the pai'ish 
of Hampton Falls on the Second day of Sept. 1765, — Col. Mechech 
Weare was chosen Moderator for said meeting 

Voted that the people called Presbj'terians of this parish be sett off, 
as a Distinct Parish by themselves accoi'ding to the forgoing notifica- 
tion for the aforesaid meeting 

This report is not signed by the parish clerk. 
Another notification, dated August 22, calling for a meeting Sep- 
tember 2, at the same time and place, reads as follows: 

Province of ) Pursuant to a request to the Selectmen in hamp- 

New Harapshire ) ton falls, by thirty inhabitants therein Desiring 
them to call a parish meeting — 

1st To See if the Parish will Exemj^t the Presbyterian Society in 
Hampton Falls from all charges that may hereafter arise by the 
Support of the Congregational minister or ministers in Hampton falls 

2diy To See if the parish will Sett off to the presbyterian Society a 
proportionable part of the parsonage and j)rivileges which belong to 
lands to belong to the pai'ish of Hampton Falls 

This meeting was held, the first article in the notification was 
put to Yote, and it was voted in the negati^'e, and also the second 
article in the notification, and that was voted in the negative. 

After this the Presbyterians appeal to the General Assembl)^ 
with the following petition: 

To his Excellency Penning Wentworth Esqr. Captain General, Gov- 
ernor, and Commander in Chief in and over his majesties Province of 
NcAV Hampshire, & co. To the Honorable his Majesties Council and 
House of Kepresentatives for Said Province, Convened in General 
Assembly November 2lst 1765 — The petition of the Subscribers, Free 
holders & inhabitants of the Town of Hamilton Falls in Said Prov- 
ince Humbly Sheweth — That about two years ago, the Eevd Mr Pain 
Wingate in the congregational way and manner was settled in the work 
of the ministrj' in Said Town — That the religious Sentiments of, and 
Doctrines preached by, the Said Eevd Pain Wingate are very different 
from those of your petitioners, and disag'reeable to them — That your 
petitioners apisrehended they could not be profited bj' the preaching 
and ministration of the Sd Revd mr Wingate — That the measures taken 
by the Said town in order to the Settlement & Support of the Said Mr 
Wingate are as yoiir petitioners Conceive Unprecidented and justly 
Grevious to them, and that therfore your petitioners and many other 
inhabitants of said Town (near one half therof) constantly o^jposed 
his settlement there and dissented therfrom. — That your jDetit loners 
are conscientiously of the Presbyterian Perswasion respecting Church 
Government, Doctrine, Dicipline and worship That thej^ with others 



48 HISTORY OF HAMPTON FALLS. 

of their Bretheren of that Perswasion have for some time past been 
regularly formed into a Church— built a meeting house in said Town 
for the public Worship of God.— Called and Settled a minister in the 
Presbyterian way, namely The Rev. Mr. Samuel Perley,— That your 
Petitioners conscientiously and constantly on the Lords days, and 
at other times occasionally, attend the public worship of God there 
according to their Said Perswasion. — That the premises notwithstand- 
ing, the Selectmen of the said town of Hampton Falls for the last year 
assessed and rated your petitioners for the support of the said Mr 
Wingate and obliged them to pay the same. — That the Selectmen of 
said town for the present year have again assessed and rated your 
Petitioners for the same purpose, which your Petitioners apprehend 
to be a Grevious & unreasonable Burthen upon them, — Wherfore your 
Petitioners Humbly pray your Excellency and Honors to take their 
Case under your wise consideration — And as they Conceive themselves 
to be Intitled to his Majesties Grace & Favour in allowing to all his 
Subjects liberty of Conscience — and that it is unreasonable for them 
to be compelled to pay towards the Support of a minister they do not, 
nor cannot hear and attend upon for the reasons aforesaid, — 'When 
at the Same time they are at the Expense of maintaining publick 
worship among themselves, in that way and mode they think most 
agreeable and nearest to the directions given in the Scripture by the 
great head of the Church — and where the true doctrine of grace and 
Salvation are preached according to their opinion of those things — 
They pray your Excellency & Honours would grant them relief in 
the premises by Exonorating them, their families and estates — and all 
others within Said Town of Hampton Falls who are of the Same Per- 
.swasion and attend the jitiblick worship of God with them from all 
ministerial Rates and Taxes in Said Town (Excepting to their own 
minister) and by setting them off, as a distinct Parish for ministerial 
affairs only, and by enabling the Said Presbyterian Congregation to 
raise and levy on themselves such taxes and assessments as they 
shall from time to time find necessary for the Support of the minis- 
try ana publick worship of God, among themselves — or grant your 
Petitioners Such other relief as your Excellency and Honours in your 
wisdom shall see fit, and your petitioners as in duty bound will ever 
pray & co & co 

Thomas Leavitt - Samuel Selley 

Ebeneazer Knowlton David Eaton 

Richard Smith Samuel Eaton 

Jacob Smith Nathi Sinkler 

Winthrop Gove David Knowlton 

John Chase Jr Elipha Merrill 

John True Thomas Brown 

Abner True ]Sfathan Gove 

Joshua Page Enoch Gove 

Joseph Page Sami Philbrick 

Abel Page Jonathan Swett 



HISTORY OF CHURCH AND PARISH. 



49 



Thomas True 
Joshua Page Jr 
Benjamin Eaton 
John Eaton 
Thomas Eaton 
Winaon Eaton 
Joseph Norton 
Joseph Eaton 
John Selley 
Samuel Felch 
Joseph Falch 
Henry Kobj 
John Chase 
Abel Davis 
Simon Clough 
John Robie 
John Hunt 



William French 
Jacob French 
Jonathan Weare 
Isaac Brown 
John Kenny 
Elisha Brown 
Jonathan Walton 
Job Haskel 
Enoch Bold 
Daniel Chase 
Thomas Selley 
John Eaton Jr 
Jonathan Hoyt 
Elezer Gove 
Paul Grinlief 
Jonathan Chase Jr 
Benjamin Leavitt 



Province of New Hampshire November 27tb 1765 
The foregoing Petition read & ordered to be sent down to the 
HonWe Assembly 

T ATKINSON Jb Secry. 

Province of ) In the house of Representatives 

New Hampshire j Nov. 27 1765 

The annexed Petition being read and considered Voted, That the 
Petitioners be heard theron the Second day of the Sitting of the Gen- 
eral Assembly after the first day of January next, and that the Peti- 
tioners at their own cost serve the Selectmen of Hampton Falls with 
a Copy of the Petition and order of Court that they may appear and 
Shew cause if any they have why the prayer therof Should not be 
granted. ]\L WEARE, Chr. 

In Council Nov. SStb 1765, Read and Concurred 

T. ATKINSON Secry. 



PETITION IN ANSWER TO THE ONE FOR A PRESBYTERIAN 
SOCIETY IN 1765. 

To his Excellency Benning Wentworth Esqr. Captain General, Gov- 
ernour and Commander in Chief, In and Over his Majesty's Prov- 
ince of New Hampshire, The Honourie his Majesty's Councill, and 
House of Representatives in General Court Assembled 

Jany 1, 1766. We the Subscribers, Chosen by the Parish of Hamp- 
ton falls, a Committee on their behalf to make answer to a Petition 
Exhibited to the General Assembly, Nov 2lst 1765, By a number of 
Freeholders and Inhabitants of S<i Parish Praying to be Excused from 
Paying to the Support of the Revd Mr Paine Wingate Setled in the 
work of the ministry in Said Parish, 



50 HISTORY OF HAMPTON FALLS. 

Beg Leave, Humbly to Eepresent to your Excellency and Honors, 
That the Eeasons assig-ned by said Petitioners are such as ought by 
no means to prevail for their being Exempted in the manner They pray 
for, And this we trust will clearly appear from a true state of facts 
Relative to these affairs 

"We would therfore Inform your Excellencj- & Honors, That Mr. 
Wingate Having Preached in the Parish for some months before Mr. 
Bailey's Death and Afterwards to the General Satisfaction of the 
Peoj^le, The Parish with the Advice of the Xeigboring ministers 
Proceeded to give him a Call to Settle in the work of the ministry 
there, which Call was unanimous by the Church, and General by the 
Parish, not more than three or four Persons opposing his Settlement, 
But the terms of Settlement not being* agreed on he gave a Negative 
answer. After which the Parish heard some others on Probation, 
and gave Mr. Micah Lawrence a call to settle, which we mention be- 
cause it has been Eepresented as if the Parish were unreasonably 
set for Mr. Wingate's Settlement and no other person. But the same 
persons who ojiposed Mr. Wingate's settlement, opposed the settle- 
ment of Mr. Lawrence, which made the Generality of People think 
their opposition was more from a disposition to make Difficulty in 
the Parish than from any Eeasonable objection they had against 
Either of the Persons — But Mr. Lawrence also g"ave a Negative an- 
swer on account of terms of Settlement Wherupon the People in 
General Signified their Desire to Eenew their Call to Mr. Wingate, 
and agreed to get him to Preach for four Sabbaths, if he could be 
Procured. It is true this was opposed by those w^ho had all along 
opposed his settlement, but this \%'as then but three or four persons. 
Mr. Wingate was, accordingly, Prociired for four Sabbaths, after which 
a meeting was Called, Notice being up two Sabbaths as usual, to 
see if the Parish would Eenew their Call to Mr. Wingate to settle 
which we mention, because it has been Eepresented as if there had 
been some unfair Proceedings as to this meeting, tlio, in what Par- 
ticulars, we could never find. At this meeting there was again a 
general Vote of the Parish to Eenew their Call to Mr. Wingate, not 
more than six or seven Voting against it" and he had also again 
a unanamoi:s Vote of the Church, at the Same meeting also were 
Voted terms of settlement which being five Pounds Sterling more 
than had been Voted before, there were more Persons against the 
terms of settlement than against the Call, tho, we think not more 
than ten or twelve at that time But afterwards many of these Peti- 
tioners spoke of it as an Extravagant sum (the sum is 55 £ Sterling 
in the whole besides the Parsonage) and made this the Ground of 
uneasiness and of stirring up Persons against Mr. Wingate's Settle- 
naent Eepresenting that it was too much for such a Poor Parish to 
Pay, and if they were taken off, they would be Easy: this was their 
General talk and the whole Ground of Complaint then made. 

With what Propriety they Desire to take off (as they say) near one 
half and to maintain another minister when but a year or two ago. 



HISTORY OF CHURCH AND PARISH. 51 

the -whole Parish ^^ere not able to pay fifty five pounds Sterling 
yearly we must leave to themselves to Explain. The truth is the 
whole Parish is not more than sufficient to support one minister 
Properly. Tho. we think there was no Eeason to find fault with what 
was Voted Mr. Wingate. Thus matters Eested for some time and 
it was Generally tho't that the uneasiness which had arose on ac- 
compt of the Salarj^ would subside. But sometime after some of 
those persons who had all along opposed our Settlement went about, 
and in a very Private manner Procured a Number of Persons to Sign 
a Paper to Signify to Mr. Wingate that there was a great Number 
of Persons in the Parish against his settlement in order to Discourage 
him from accepting, which being accidentally heard of by one or two 
persons who were for Mr. Wingate's Settlement, and of the time 
when they Designed to Carry the same to Mr. Wingate it was tho't 
Proper that some Persons should go and meet them at Mr. Wingate's 
to know what Objections there were and Endeavor to Clear up any 
Ditticulties that might be made, accordinglj^ three or four Persons 
went and met the Persons who had been Procuring Signers, and 
informed them of what they heard. Desiring to know who were 
uneasy and what their Objections were, that they might clear up 
the Matters if they could. But they Keply'd that what they had to 
Say was to Mr. Wingate, they had nothing to say to any Body Else, 
and after the other Persons were with drawn they Delivered a Paper 
to Mr Wingate Signed by a considerable Number of Persons Signi- 
fying that they were against his settling, without assigning the 
Least Reason, and when they were asked the Reasons Declined giA'ing 
any which not appearing to Mr. Wingate (after Enquiring into all 
Circumstances) to have Equal weight with the unanamous Vote of 
the Church and Clear Vote of the Parish at a Legal meeting he ac- 
cepted of the Call. After this another Paper was carried about to 
be signed to Request the selectmen to call a meeting "to see if the 
freeholders. Inhabitants of Hampton falls will Vote that all the Votes 
that have been Past Relating to, Mr. Wingate's call in the Work of 
the ministry Salary, and support in this Parish of Hampton falls be 
Repealed, and absolutely Revoked and made void & co. which being 
Delivered to the selectmen they Denied calling a meeting, looking 
upon it altogether as Improper after matters had been fairly and 
clearly determined at fair and Legal meetings, to call a meeting to 
Revoke the sanae as it would be after a minister had been setled Ever 
so Long, to have a meeting to Revoke all that had ever been done. — 
The absurdity and Impropriety of which they tho't must be quite 
Evident with several other Reasons which they gave the Petitioners 
in writing in answer to their Request, in hopes to satisfy them that 
their Request was unreasonable However it had not this Effect, But 
they Proceeded to get a meeting Called by two Justices at which 
meeting they voted all the Proceedings Relating to Mr. Wingate's 
settlement to be Null and Void. — But not trusting to this when the 



52 HISTORY OF IIAMPTOl? FALLS, 

Councell was convened a Committee of the above Persons appeared 
and Objected to Mr. Wingate's being Ordained. But never made the 
Least Objection against his Doctrine, life or Conversation, but on the 
Contrary, being asked by the Council whether they had any Objec- 
tions of this sort said they had not, neither did they make the Least 
Siiggestion that they v^-ere of a Different Perswasion. 

We hope your Excellency and Honors will Excuse this so long a 
Eehersal of the Transaction of the Parish Eelative to these affairs 
as all the Objections hitherto made, were against the Proceedings 
of the Parish as Illegal and unfair — for that of being Presbyterians 
had not yet come into their minds, and these Objections as in the 
Present Petition Couched in General terms without assigning a single 
Instance Wherin they were unprecedented or justly Grievous, which 
made it necessary for to give a Particular accompt, of the whole 
Proceedings that the Instance wherin we have failed, may be Pointed 
Out, for we never yet could tell wherin it was. — From this state of 
facts we apprehend it will appear clear to your Excellency and 
Honors that the transactions of said Parish, Eelative to Mr. Wingate's 
settlement, have been Regular, and agreeable to the Law and Practice 
in such Cases. That his call to settlement was as clear and as In- 
dispiitable, as Generally can be Expected, and that those who after- 
wards were Drawn in to oppose it had no just cause for so doing — 
That at the time when Mr. Wingate was ordained none of these Peti- 
tioners had the least tho't of being of a different Perswasion for if 
they had it must be supposed they would have made that one objection 
before the Councill. — We are therfore fully Perswaded that they will 
appear wholly Inexcusable in Eepresenting as they do in their Petition 
as if Mr. Wingate's Eeligious Sentiments and the Doctrines Preached by 
him were the ground of their uneasiness, the contrary to w^hich they 
themselves declared before the Councill, Moreover from the best Infor- 
mation we can get, one Quarter part at least of these Petitioners never 
heard Mr. Wingate Preach in their lives and many others of them not 
more than once or twice, and not one in twenty of them Ever had the 
least conversation with him to Know any thing of his Eeligioiis Senti- 
ments, And they have put down the Name of one at Least in their 
Petition, who his own father has Eepresented as an Idiot, so wanting 
of understanding that he ought not to be taxed for his head, and he 
has been accordingly omitted, and many of the Other Petitioners do 
not own one Inch of Eeal Estate in the Parish. — How fair these things 
are we leave to be Judged, and of the like sort is their assertion that 
near one half of the Inhabitants of said Parish Constantly opposed 
Mr. Wingate's settlement and dissented therefrom, the Contrary to 
which is Evident from the foregoing state of facts. 

That these Petitioners as well as we are Intitled to his Majesty's 
Grace, and favor we have not the least doubt. — and this we look upon 
to be so great a Privelege and favor, that it ought never to be made 
use of to serve wrong Purposes, and here we beg leave only to Remark 
that if any number of Persons without any, the least pretense of 



HISTORY OF CHURCH AND PARISH. 53 

being of a Diiferent Perswasion, or any the least Objection to the 
settled minister as to his Doctrine, Life or Conversation (which was 
the fact here) may at any time Separate and set up as a Distinct 
Societj-, by themselves, without any Countenance from authority, 
and whether those they separate from Remain able to support the 
minister or not, (whatever Denomination such may please to assume 
afterwards) there Evidently Can be no Certain support for the min- 
istry at all, which is very far from being the Design of the Act of 
Toleration, And plainly tends to Destroy Religion of all Denominations. 
That these Petitioners have the true Doctrines of Grace and Salva- 
tion preached to them according to their sense of these things, we have 
nothing to say to, and that they are so Preached by Mr. Wingate, 
Even these Petitioners themselves after all their Endeavors, could 
never find the least Objection to make to the Contrary, so that the 
Inuendos and suggestions against Mr. Wingate's Preaching are put 
in as we Conceive for no other Reason than that they tho't it neces- 
sary in Order to their having any Colour for what they Ask, that there 
should have been in Reality' what they without the least foundation 
Suggest. — Such methods we think quite needless in a Good cause, and 
they will, we trust, be quite unavailable in any Other. Wherfore 
we Humbly Pray, not only on behalf of the Parish of Hampton falls, 
But of all Religious Societies in General that the Petition may be 
Dismissed — For we think that Encouraging Persons in IVIethods such 
as these Petitioners have Practiced will have a ^direct tendency to 
Destroy Religious Societys of Every Denomination 

But if it shall Appear Otherwise to your Excellency and Honors 
we Humbly Pray that they may be made a Distinct Parish to act in 
all Respects by themselves we being fully convinced from what we 
have already Experienced how great will be the Difficulties of being 
Connected in Civil matters while there is a Separation as to Others. — 
For which Reason the Parish were willing, Notwithstanding the un- 
reasonableness of all their Proceedings, that they should go off as a 
Distinct Parish and their not accepting of this we think Shews their 
Dispasition more to keep the Parish in Difficulties than that Religious 
Principles are the foundation of their Proceedings. 

MESHECH WEARE 

RICHARD NASON 

JONATHAN TILTON 

CALEB SANBORN ^ Committee. 

NATHANIEL GOVE 
ABNER SANBORN Jr 

Province of ) In the House of Representatives 

New Hampshire j July 2nd 1766. 

The foregoing Petition being taken under 'consideration and the 
Parties heard theron. 

Voted That the Petitioners have liberty to Bring in a Bill for them 
and their Estates to be set off from the Parish of Hampton Falls to 



54 HISTORY OF HAMPTON FALLS. 

act in all respects as a distinct Societj- or Parish by themselves — 
Except paying their proportion of the Province tax until a new pro- 
portion therof. — The line of said Xew Parish to be fixed by a com- 
mittee of the General Court, with libertj- for such of the Petitioners 
as shall not fall within said Xew Parish to Poll off, with their Estates 
and Belong therto — And for any Mho shall fall Avithin said new Parish 
who are not of the Presbyterian Perswasion to poll off with, their 
Estates and belong to the Old Parish and for any who are not of the 
Presbj'terian Perswasion who have or shall have lands within Said 
New Parish to Poll off said lands to belong to the old Parish, agree- 
ably to the purport of a vote of the Parish of Hampton Falls the sec- 
ond day of Sept. 1765 

M. WEARE Chr. 

Province of j In the House of Representatives 

New Hampshire ( July 9^^ 1766 

Upon a motion of the Petitioners for some alteration in the fore- 
going vote. 

Voted that it be understood that any non Residents who have or 
shall have lands in Either Parish shall have liberty to Poll off their 
said land to that Parish thev shall choose 

M. WEARE Chr. 

In Council Eodm Die 

Read and Concurred. 

Wlien the parish learned that the Presbyterians had petitioned 
the General Court for the erection of a new parish within the town, 
a meeting was held December 30, when Mechech Weare was chosen 
chairman of a committee of six to appear in behalf of the parish, 
"to make a True Representation of the proceedings of the parish 
and to endeavor that the Petition may be Dismissed or that the 
petitioners may be set off, in all Respects to act as a distinct Parish 
by themselyes." 

The condition of affairs at this time appears to have been about 
this: the old parish did not want another parish within its bor- 
ders, but if they failed to prevent it they wanted them set off as a 
distinct and separate town, and this was the substance of what was 
voted at their meeting December 30, 1765. The petitioners wanted 
another parish erected in the south part of the town, and the min- 
isterial money raised upon their property applied to its support, 
but did not want to be made a separate town. In a petition to the 
General Assembly, in 1?67, they ask "to be set off as a distinct 
parish for ministerial purposes only."' The old parish was unable 
to prevent the formation of a new parish, but did succeed in having 
the petitioners set off as a separate town. 



HISTORY OF CHURCH AND PARISH. 55 

At a meeting April 25, 1768, it was voted that the selectmen he 
a committee to wait on the committee appointed hy the General 
Court to divide the parish of Hampton Falls, to inform said com- 
mittee what may appear necessary, etc. In the final division some 
of the people of Seabrook have felt that Hampton Falls got some 
advantage over them. 

SEABEOOK CHARTER. 

Anno Regni Regis Georgii Tertii Magnte Brittanise, Franciae et 
Hiberniae 

An act for erecting and incorporating a new Parish in the southerly 
part of Hampton Falls in this Province. 

Wheras a considerable number of the inhabitants of the Southerly 
and Westerly parts of Hampton falls have petitioned the General 
Assembly, to be set off from the old and erected into a new Parish, 
which has not been opposed: And a Committee of the General Assem- 
bly have been appointed to fix a line between the Parish proposed 
to be set off, and the old Parish, who have performed that service 
and made their return which has been accepted — Therfore be it 
Enacted by the Governor, Council, and Assembly, That there be and 
herby is a new Parish erected and incorporated in Hampton falls 
By the following Boundaries, Viz. A line beginning on Kensington 
line near Joseph Brown's dwelling house at a road Called Horse hill 
road, and following said road down to a bridge below Weare's mill. 
Then runs Easterly on the north line of Elisha Brown's land to the 
northeast corner therof by the Quakers i^arsonage so Called. — Then 
following the road that leads by Henry Thresher's house to the 
country road, then following the line between land of Abraham Dow 
and Ralph Butler and Isaac Brown and between land of said Dow 
and land of Mechech Weare Esq. to the southeast corner of said Weare's 
marsh at Brown's river so called, then following said river to the 
westerly end of parsonage island so called. Then round on the 
Southern and eastern sides of said island to the aforesaid river and 
to the mouth therof, Shall be the dividing line between the old Parish 
of Hampton falls and said ne^v Parish, which contain all that part of 
Hampton falls which lays southerly of said line and Easterly of Ken- 
sington line- — And all the Polls and Estates within Said boundaries 
are herby Erected and incorporated into a new Parish by the name 
of Seabrook, and invested with the legal powers and authorities and 
enfranchised with the same rights Liberties and priveleges that any 
other Parish in the Province has and enjoys, and are herbj^ exonerated 
and discharged of and from any duties, taxes and services which they 
were hitherto bound to do and perform at Hampton falls except as 
herin after declared, and are also herby excluded from joining with 
Hampton falls in voting about and concerning any Parochial or town 
affairs. Saving to particular persons their rights and privileges by 



56 HISTORY OF HAMPTON FALLS. 

law established — And be it further enacted that the highways which 
are part of the boundary shall be divided, repaired, and maintained as 
follows, Viz From the beginning of Henry Thresher's yvaj so called, 
by the country road to the Quakers' Parsonage so called and from the 
west side of the bridge below Weare's mill to Kensington line. By the 
new jsarish and all the residue of said highways by the Parish of 
Hampton falls aforesaid And it is agreed that the Province rate now 
proportioned to Hampton falls shall be divided between said parishes 
It is agreed between them that the said new Parish pay two fifth parts 
therof annually, till a new proportion be made, — And the treasurer 
of said province is herb^* directed to issue his warrants accordingly. 
And as there are within the limits of said new parish many people 
Called Quakers who have no concern with the Choice and maintain- 
ance of the minister settled by the other people of said parish, It 
is herby enacted that the party in said parish commonly Called 
Presbyterians, shall choose all officers necessary to carry on their 
affairs, relating to the choice. Settlement and maintainance of a 
minister of the Gospel and the building and repairing of the meeting 
house from time to time, as there shall be occasion, in a separate 
manner in another meeting without any connection with the common 
concerns of the parish which officers so chosen shall have the game 
authority in the business and service for which they shall be chosen 
as officers of the same name have by law in other parishes, and shall 
act under oath and be chosen in succession as other parish officers are. 
In which Election of such officers the Quakers shall have no vote. 
Provided nevertheless that any person in either of said parishes shall 
have liberty to poll off, into the other with their estates at any time 
within two months after passing this act, by giving in their names, 
and informing the Selectmen of Each parish of their design, and the 
number of male Polls, belonging to those who are householders who 
shall so poll off into the other parish respectivly — Any person owning 
any real estate in either of said parishes who is an inhabitant of some 
other parish or town may within that time determine to AArhich of 
said parishes his estate shall belong, and shall declare the same to 
the Selectmen as aforesaid — and the like time to be allowed to young 
men whose names were given in as afoi'esaid after their arrival at 
full age. Who shall in like manner give in their names and declare to 
which of said jiarishes they join and ^vill be deemed to belong And 
a like time shall be allowed to any person within the meaning of this 
act, who is absent out of the province at the time of passing the same, 
after their return. 

Provided also that all debts due from said Hampton falls or any 
demand on them for anything done before the settlement of Mr. 
Wingate as their minister shall be paid by the whole parish, as tho. 
this act had never been made and the taxes made since this settle- 
ment for his support to remain to be settled and determined in the 
course of law unless agreed to by the parties. — And Samuel Collins 
is herby appointed and authorized to call the first meeting of the 



HISTORY OF CHURCH AND PARISH. 57 

parishoners of said parish for transacting- the general and common 
business of said parish — And Mr. Winthrop Gove is herby appointed 
and authorized to call a meeting of said Presbyterians and those con- 
cerned in their ministerial affairs aforesaid and each of them is 
herby directed to give fourteen days notice of the time place and 
design of said meeting by posting up notifications therof at the 
meeting house in said parish 

Province of ~> In the house of Eepresentatives June 2^^ 176S. 

Nevsr Hampshire / This act was read a third time and passed to be 
enacted 

P. OILMAN Speaker. 

In Council June ?A 176S — This bill read a third time and passed to 
be enacted. 

T. ATKIXSOX Jr. Secry. 
Assented to 

J. WENTWOETH 
A true Copy Attest SAMUEL WEAEE Parish Clerk 

POLLIXG OFF. 

By a provision of the act establishing the Presbyterian chnrch, 
and the charter of the new town of Seabrook, any jjerson living in 
either town conld, within two months after the act went into effect, 
elect in which town they would be rated with their polls and 
estates. It appeared to have been the idea at that time that Hamp- 
ton Falls would always remain under the parish church system, 
and be governed by the rules of the CongTegational church, and 
that Seabrook would always be a Presbyterian parish and be gov- 
erned by the laws of that church. The polling off was a thing in 
the interest of religious freedom and toleration, giving those in 
either town who held opinions not in accord with the church estab- 
lished there the liberty to pay their taxes in the other town, with 
whose church government they were in sympathy, and not be com- 
pelled to help support preaching they did not believe in. This 
freedom was carried so far that non-residents could poll their tax- 
able property from one town to the other as the owners might 
elect, to support the Congregational or Presbyterian form of church 
government. Quite a number of non-residents availed themselves 
of the privilege.* This system of polling off continued until 1791, 
when an act was passed by the legislature abolishing it and requir- 
ing all property to be taxed where it was situated. The immediate 
cause which led to the passage of this act was that trouble had arisen 



58 HISTORY OF HAMPTON FALLS. 

in relation to the liighway tax. After this a number of names 
which had disappeared from our records since 1768, appeared again 
upon our rate list. "Whether all those who polled from one town 
to the other were wholly governed by religious motives in their 
choice we have no means of knowing, but we have some reason to 
believe that this was not in every case the sole cause. We give 
below a list of those who polled off under this act. 

The following citizens of Hampton Falls polled into Scab rook: 

Henry Eoby Isaac Brown 

Benjamin Leavitt Daniel Gove 

Joseph Gove Abraham Green 

Eichard Tobie Abel Davis 

Job Haskel Dudley Chase 

Jonathan Hardy Eichard Tobey 

Daniel Chase Jonathan Green Jr 

Jonathan Green Samuel Eing 
Henrj' Thresher 

The following minors polled from Hampton Falls to Seabrook: 

Daniel Gove Charles Chase 

David Gove Bradbury Hardy 

Jacob Thresher Jonathan Hardy 

Joseph Thresher 2sathan Green 

David Thresher Benjamin Green 

David Chase Green David Green 

John Chase Daniel Davis 

The following persons living in Seabrook, and owning land in 
Hampton Falls, elected to have it taxed in Seabrook: 

Abner Philbrick Jonathan Dow 

Benjamin Connor Samuel Philbrick 

Enoch DoAv Eichard Gove 

Abraham Dow John Brown 

Jonathan Chase Thomas Brown 

Jonathan Weare John Brown Jr 

Jacob Hook John Gove 

Winthrop Dow Widow ^lehitable Brown 

Elisha Brown "Widow Hannah Gove. 

Xewburyport men owning land in Hampton Falls who elected to 
have it taxed in Seabrook: 

Jeremiah Peterson Ealph Cross 

Ralph Cross at that time owned the farm now occupied by "War- 
ren Brown. Stephen Caldwell, who came from Ipswich after IT TO 



HISTORY OF CHURCH AND PARISH. 59 

and was a farm tenant for Mr. Cross, was rated with the farm in 
Seabrook. 

Kottingham men who polled land into Seahrook were: 
Jonathan Gove Samuel Gove 

Exeter men who polled land into Sealjrook: 
Abraham Sanborn 

Kensington men who polled land into Seahrook: 

John Green, Edward Green. 

Obediah Johnson John Dow 

Jonathan Purington. Jeremiah Green. 

Persons living in Seahrook who polled into Hampton Falls were: 

David Norton John Lucy 

Moses Norton Hussey Hoag 

Noah Dow Widow Sarah French 
Gamael Knowles 

Minors who polled from Seahrook to Hampton Falls Avere: 

Moses Knowles John Blake 

Nathan Blake 

Hampton Falls men owning land in Seabrook who polled into 
Hampton Falls were: 

Esq Fifield Daniel Brown 

Nathan Green Jeremiah Blake 

Nathan Gove Nathan Tilton 

Nathan Cram Stephen Stoodley 

Moses Gill Henry Blake 

Jacob Green John Moulton Esqi" 

Salisbury men polling land from Seabrook to Hampton Falls 
were : 

Esq Gushing- Henry Eaton 

Elias Pike Josiah Hook 

Kensington men polling land from Seabrook to Hampton Falls 
were : 

Capt Gove Ebeneazer Brown 

Benj Brown Josiah Brown 

Dea. Dow Jeremiah Batchelder 

Henry Lamprey Simon Batchelder 

Joseph Brown Joseph Batchelder 
Edward Palmer 



60 HISTORY OF HAMPTON FALLS. 

At the first convention held at Exeter, 177-t, Henry Eoby was a 
member from Seabrook. At the second convention held at Exeter, 
1775, Henry Eoby and Benjamin Leavitt were delegates from Sea- 
brook. Both lived in the town of Hampton Falls. Jonathan 
Leavitt was the second town clerk of Seabrook, and was a Eevoln- 
tionary soldier credited to that town. He lived at the Leavitt 
farm near Cock hill. Jonathan Hardy, who had polled into Sea- 
brook, having become reduced in property, and needing assistance, 
the selectmen of Seabrook came np and disposed of his remaining 
property at Great hill and applied the proceeds to his support. 

The ministry of Mr. Wingate, which had a peculiar beginning,, 
was attended by important changes in parish affairs. The dissat- 
isfaction of some at the time of his settlement appears to have led 
to the division of the parish. Although dissatisfaction with Mr. 
Wingate and the doctrines he preached were the alleged cause for 
the formation of a new parish which resulted in a new and separate 
town, it was not probably the only cause, but made a very good 
pretext for the action taken. Individual ambition undoubtedly 
had something to do in the matter. 

July 27, 1768, a committee was chosen to confer with a commit- 
tee chosen by the Presbyterian society, so called, in Seabrook, in 
order for a settlement respecting sundry arrearages of rates due 
from many of said society to this parish, and concerning an action 
now in the law between the selectmen and Mr. Jacob Smith. 

After the new parish had been taken off, the balance was dis- 
turbed, which led to other changes. The meeting-house was at 
one end of the parish, and a majority of the parishioners lived at 
the other end. And on October 20 it was voted that a new meet- 
ing-house be built near the center of the inhabitants, and the 
selectmen and two others, a majority of whom lived in the upper 
part of the parish, were chosen a committee to locate the same. 

To this action a dissent was made for three reasons. First, it 
ought not to be removed during Mr. Wingate's ministry. Second, 
on account of the expense of land and new buildings, while by the 
terms of the deed the old ones could not be sold or put to other use. 
Third, because it was such hasty action, "which has the most direct 
tendency to make confusion and lead into such difficulties as will 
probably ruin the parish." 



HISTORY OF CHURCH AND PARISH. 61 

This dissent, the substance of which is here given, was signed by 
j\Iechech Weare, Caleb Sanborn, Jonathan Fifield, Abner Sanborn, 
Jr., Jonathan Fifield, Jr., Kichard Nason, Dr. Jonathan Chase, and 
Abner Sanborn. 

This meeting was adjourned to the 2Tth, and then dissolved 
v/ithout further action. 

At a meeting held December 19 it was voted that a new meeting- 
house, forty by fifty-five feet in dimensions, be built on the vacant 
lot near Jeremiah Lane's; that John Tilton, Abner Sanborn, and 
William Prescott, selectmen, and Elisha Prescott, Samuel Prescott, 
and Jonathan Cram be the building committee. And that the 
committee sell the pews to the highest bidder and make a report at 
an adjourned meeting the first Tuesday in February. Immediately 
after is a dissent recorded, which concludes as follows: 

That the whole proceeding's evidently tend to bring- the parish into 
confusion as it is evident from the Notification itself, which says that 
there are disputes about the place where the meeting house shall be 
s-et so as to accomodate the Inhabitants, and yet would force a vote 
without trying any proper measures of accomodation — Wherfore we 
protest against all the proceedings as Illegal and against paying any 
part of any cost oi charge which may arise in consequence of said 
votes. 

This dissent is signed by Mechech Weare and twenty-two others. 
The committee chosen to locate the new meeting-house agreed 
to set it upon the hill upon the vacant piece of land where the 
schoolhouse formerly stood, near Lieut. Joseph Sanborn's. The 
committee who centered the parish, it was claimed, centered it ter- 
ritorially instead of finding the center of population. The terri- 
torial center was found to be near a large rock in what is now Jacob 
T. Brown's pasture, a few rods south of the cemetery on the cross 
road. The committee located the house as near this point as was 
practicable on the road. It has been claimed that if the meeting- 
house had been located at or near the center of population, where 
the town house now stands, the future history of the town 
would have been very different from what it is, and much trouble 
and hard feeling avoided. Before building the house the commit- 
tee were to sell the pews at public auction and with the proceeds 
build the house, Avhich was done. The house was built in 1768, 
and was ready to dedicate in 17G9. The house built much resem- 



62 HISTORY OF HAMPTOX FALLS. 

bled the old church now standing at Bocky hill in Salishury, Mass. 
A short time after this house was built the town of Pittsfield voted 
to build a meeting-house of the same dimensions and as nearly sim- 
ilar as possible to the one built at Hampton Falls, and the record 
of this vote can be seen on the Pittsfield records at the present time. 

This meeting-house had a gallery on three sides; the men's gal- 
lery- was on the west side and the women's on the east, with the 
singing gallery in front of the pulpit, which was a high one with a 
sounding board over it. It had high box pews, such as were in use 
at that time. 

At an adjourned meeting February 7, 1769, a motion was made 
by Colonel Weare and a great many other persons present to recon- 
sider the votes passed at the last meeting in order to agree on some 
method that the parish in general might unite in respecting a meet- 
ing-house, and the moderator was repeatedly desired to put the 
motion to vote, which he finally refused to do. The report of com- 
mittee for selling the pews being read, the moderator was requested 
to put to vote whether the report should be accepted, which he also 
refused to do and dissolved the meeting. 

At a meeting held October 16, IT 69, it was — 

Voted to abate all those per.sons' Rates that belong to Seabrook that 
are in arrearages in the minister Rates. 

This is the first reference to the new ])arish of Seabrook upon 
our records. 

After the new meeting-house was built Mr. AVingate refused to 
go there and dedicate it, although urged to do so repeatedly. There 
appear to have been quite a number who supported Mr. Wingate 
in the position he had taken in the matter, and the selectmen 
refused to call a meeting for the purpose of instructing and requir- 
ing Mr. Wingate to go to the new meeting-house to dedicate it, as 
the friends of the new meeting-house desired. As a result of this, 
the following call was issued for a meeting to be held January 30, 
1770: 

Province of ) To the Constable, or Constables of the parish 

Kew Hampshire j of Hampton falls in said province of Xewhamp- 
shire greeting. 

WTieras upon the Complaint of more than Thirty of the Inhab- 
itants and Freeholders of the said parish of Hampton falls it hath 



♦ - J 



HISTORY OF CHURCH AND PARISH. 63 

been made to appear that the Selectmen of said parish have and 
still do unreasonably deny to Call a meeting of the Freeholders and 
Inhabitants of said Parish agreeably to a j)etition to them made by 
fifty of the said Inhabitants and freeholders — Dated the third day of 
Jan. 1770. — This is therfore in his naajesties name to order and Re- 
quire him, to Notify and warn the Inhabitants of the said parish 
of Hampton falls to assemble themselves and meet together at the 
new meeting house in said Hampton falls, Near Jeremiah Lane's 
house on Tuesday the thirtyeth day of January Curt at one of the 
Clock in the afternoon then and there to act and vote on the following 
Particulars Viz. first to choose a moderator for said meeting — Sec- 
ondly To pass a vote for the Revd Mr Pain Wingate the present min- 
ister and pastor of said parish to go to The said New meeting house 
as soon as conveniently may be And Dedicate the said house to the 
publick worship and service of god and there perform the Duties of 
his Sacred Function for the Future — and to pass any vote or votes 
Relating therto that the said Freeholders and Inhabitants when as- 
sembled Shall think fit. given under our hands and seals at Exeter 
in said jirovince the seventeenth day of JanJ' in the tenth year of his 

Majesties Reign A Domini, 1770 

■\ Justices of 
Signed WALTER BRYANT / ^, 

NOAH EMERY \ ^^^ ^^^^^ 

J and quorum 

This meeting was called by the new church party. The select- 
men who refused to call the meeting were Samuel Prescott, Pain 
Eowe, and Abner Sanborn, all of whom voted on the test vote with 
the old church party. The moderator who had refused to put the 
motion to accept the report of the committee for selling the pews 
and then dissolved the meeting was probably Mechech Weare, who 
had been moderator since 1754, but was never elected again after 
this. This was the first town meeting ever called in the new meet- 
ing-house. It Avas a hotly contested meeting, and tradition says 
much bad blood was shown. Xathaniel Healey, then upwards of 
eighty years of age, led the new meeting-house party. The old 
church party was led by Mechech Weare. The test came upon 
the election of moderator. Capt. Jonathan Tilton was candidate 
of the new church party, and was elected. The vote was cast 
nearly upon sectional lines, the upper part of the town nearly to a 
man voting for Captain Tilton, and the lower part for some one 
else, probably Mechech Weare. The vote finally stood fifty-one for 
Captain Tilton to forty-eight against. 



64 



HISTORY OF HAMPTON FALLS. 



Those who were recorded as voting for Captain Tilton were: 



Capt Nathaniel Healey 
Joseph Sanborn 
Joshua Blake 
Elisha Prescott. 
Jacob Green 
Benj. Sanborn 
Samuel Prescott 
Samuel Melcher 
Thomas Sillea 
John Clifford 
Stephen Healej' 
Richard Moulton 
Nathan Tilton 
Benj° Moulton 
John Flood 
John Batchelder 
Caleb Swain 
Jedediah Sleejaer 
Nathan Brown 
Nehemiah Cram 
Nathan Tilton Jr 
Stephen Swaiu 
Abraham Brown 
Samuel Tilton 
Daniel Brown 
Samuel !Melcher Jr 
Eedman ^loulton 



Samuel James 
Dani Tilton 
John Brown 
Nathi Tilton 
Benjamin Tilton 
Jonathan Tilton Jr 
Jeremiah Lane 
James Prescott Jr 
•> John Swain 
William Page 
William Swain 
Melcher Ward 
James Sanborn 
Jacob Green Jr 
Isaac Green 
Josiah Moulton 
Caleb Tilton 
Henrj' Blake 
Jonathan Burnham 
Eaton Green 
Jonathan Cram 
William Prescott 
Joel Cram 
Jonathan Perkins 
Henry Sanborn 
Jeremiah Blake 
Francis Burnham 



Colonel AVeare objected to the following and they were set aside: 
Joel Cram being under age, Jonathan Perkins not being rated in 
the parish, Henry Sanborn for living in that part of his father's 
house which is in Kensington. 

Those who voted against Captain Tilton were: 



Hon Mechech Weai'e 
Enoch Sanborn 
Jona Fifield 
Joseph Worth 
Ralph Butler 
Jona Fifield Jr 
Richard Nason 
Abner Sanborn 
Caleb Sanborn 
David Norton 
Nathan Cram 



Jacob Satterly 
Nathan Rowe 
Jonathan Stanj^an 
Obediah Worth 
Gamiel luiowles 
Ebeneazer Maloon 
Dudley Sanborn 
Nathan Weare 
Josiah White 
Frances Marshall 
Philip Burns 



J 



HISTORY OF CHURCH AND PARISH. 65 

Jona Steward Samuel Weare 

Stephen Cram Zebulon Hilliard 

Pain Rowe David Perkins 

"William Lang- Stephen Lang 

William Blaisdell Simeon Hilliard 

Samuel Prescott John Kenny 

Abner Sanborn Jr Elijah Green 

David Batchelder Christ Blake 

Joshua Chase Moses Swett 

Isaiah Lane Malaehi Shaw 

Nathan Green Samuel Eobie 

Jona Nason Eichard Mace 

Jedediah Stanyan Nathan Cram 

Eichard Mace, Xathan Cram, Elijah Green, and Christopher 
Blake were objected to, as being too young, but were allowed. 
The following is the record of this meeting: 

liy Voted that the Eev. mr. Pain Wingate shall go to the new 
Meeting House, and preach and Dedicate the said house to the Pub- 
lick worship of god as soon as conveniently may be 

2ii<iiy & 3<iiy. — Elishia Prescott, Mr. Nathan Tilton and Capt. Jon- 
athan Tilton the moderator of the meeting, were chosen a committee 
to present the above vote to Mr. Wingate. 

The record sho^s that Mr. Wingate still refused to dedicate and 
preach in the nevr house, and as a consequence "there ha"ve been and 
still are great contentions and divisions in said parish, and a great 
number of the inhabitants have, by writing from under their hands, 
cautioned the selectmen from assessing their polls and estates in any 
tax for the salary and support of the Eev. Mr. Wingate." There- 
fore the selectmen called a meeting' of the parish for the ITth of 
December ensuing for instruction. 

Voted that is the mind of the meeting that there be no Eate tax 
for assessment made nor raised on the Polls nor Estates in this 
parish for the Salary or Support of the Eev. mr. Pain Wingate for the 
currant year. Signed by Jonathan Tilton 

Moderator 

At a meeting, March -i, 1771, the above vote was ratified and con- 
firmed, and it was — 

Voted. That the parish do herby heartily Join with that part, 
of the Church in said parish who are agrieved and Disaffected at 
the Late and present conduct of the Eevd mr. Pain Wingate, and 
such of said Church and parish as Join with him Eespecting the Late 



66 HISTORY OF HAMPTON FALLS. 

and present differences & Disputes Between said parties in Calling a 
Council of Elders & Churches etc. 

A committee was chosen to make all the necessary preparations 
for holding a council. At an adjourned meeting held on the first 
Tuesday in April it was voted to convene the council on the 23d 
inst. There is nothing upon the record to show that the council 
was ever held, but it appears from 'Mr. Wingate's letter of resigna- 
tion that such a council had been held. 

Then there comes a record of the sale of the pews by the building 
committee made before the erection of the house. They reported, 
February 7, 1769, the sale of twenty-sis pews on the floor and one 
in the gallery for £351 2s., proclamation money, to be paid in mate- 
rials, and they estimated that the sale of the remaining pews would 
furnish all the means necessary for its erection. The house was 
delivered to the parish by the building committee May 10, 1771, 
Elisha Prescott, Samuel Prescott, "William Prescott, and Jonathan 
Cram were building committee. It was in size fifty-five by forty 
feet. It stood facing the sea, with entrances on the front and west 
ends, having horse blocks at each of these entrances, with whipping 
post and stocks in the rear. On the first floor seats were arranged 
around the walls with the high square pews in the body of the 
house. 

It was requested by several persons that the report of the build- 
ing committee be recorded under date of February 7, 1769. 

The following is a part of a request addressed to Mr. Wingate, 
signed by sixty-one legal voters, dated December 4, 1769: 

And we the subscribers — your Parishioners being Desirous that the 
said meeting house may be solemnly Dedicated to the Publick worship 
of God, and that the duties of your sacred Function may be by j'ou 
performed there. Do herby signify to you our hearty Desire and 
sincere Request that you ^"ill come to the said house and Perform 
the same In doing which we Trust and hope you will Honour God, 
aquit yourself Worthily in your sacred office and do great good to 
your Parishioners. 

To which Mr. Wingate replies December 28, saying he has no 
power to change the place of worship, that the petitions of others 
could not convey to him that power, and that even the vote of the 
parish to build a new meeting-house does not appear sufi&cient of 
itself to justify him in removing the stated worship from the usual 
place. This, he says, is the opinion of disinterested persons whom 



HISTORY OF CHURCH AND PARISH. 67 

he has consulted. In closing: "I would recommend to every mem- 
ber of the Society that in addition to your humble fervent prayer 
to God you fail not to be using your best endeavor to Bring to a 
Speedy issue the present unhajDpy controversy which Subsists, and 
that Love and harmony may again reign among us." 

This is a part of his reply, which is quite lengthy, but is sufficient 
to show his position and feeling in the matter. 

August 30, 1770, a document signed b} TSTathaniel Healey and 
fifty-seven others states that "^^^lereas Mr. Wingate refuses to Per- 
form the duties of his ministerial Function at Said new meeting 
house agreeable to the vote of Said Parish and the advice of Neigh- 
boring ministers, and they are obliged to hire preaching in the 
new house at their own expense. Do herby Protest against all and 
every Tax and assesment for the Salary^ or Support of the Said Mr. 
Wingate." 

September 30, 1771. First, Capt. Jonathan Tilton was chosen 
moderator. 

2d. It was voted to dismiss the Eev. Mr. Paine Wingate, etc. 

3d. It was voted to choose a committee to treat and agree with 
Mr. Wingate with respect to what compensation shall be allowed and 
paid by said parish for the secular inconvenience to which the dis- 
solution of his said relation exposes him. 

The fourth vote provided for arbitration. 

By the fifth a committee were to request his resignation. After 
three adjournments this meeting was finally dissolved November 13. 

The new meeting-house party outvoted the old, but in his resig- 
nation Mr. Wingate made a sharp bargain with the parish. 

MR. WINGATE'S RESIGNATION. 

Hampton falls Dec. 4, 1771 
To the Parish of Hampton falls.- — Gen' and attested copy of the votes 
passed at your Parish meeting on the twenty fifth of November last 
has been laid before me, & I have observed in them the steps taken 
by you in order for my Dismission from the ministry in this place 
and a final settlement between us.- — And since from your proceedings 
I find no Encouragnient to Expect peace and Quietness with you in 
the ministry and hoping that thro, the overruling providence of God, 
it may be most for the interests of Religion in your unhappy circum- 
stances & for my own comfort and usefulness, I do now agreeable 
to the decrees of the late council ask a Dismission from my ministry 
among you to take place at the time and after the manner specified 
as follows viz. That I shall receive Fifty pounds Lawful money of the 



68 HISTORY OF HAMPTON FALLS. 

Parish to be immediately paid or sufficiently secured to me wth in- 
terest until paid, and shall still continue a settled minister of this 
Parish by virtue of the agreement made at my settlement in this Place, 
and shall enjoy all ministerial Eights and privileges as hertofore, 
except those I Shall Resign by a mutual, agreement Between me & 
the Parish — that I shall be exempt from all taxes in the Parish & Shall 
Eetain the free quiet & full possession Enjoyment & Improvment 
of all the parsonage buildings & Lands now in my possession the 
repairs to be kept good by the Parish, all the aforesaid rights Prive- 
leges & Enjoyments as a settled minister of the Parish to continue 
secure to me for the space of four years from next March & no longer, 
that I shall be wholly released from performing any ministerial ser- 
vice in, or for the Parish except what I shall voluntarily consent to, 
after the usual term of the present year & Shall have Liberty to 
resign my ministerial Relations whenever I shall see fit short of the 
four years and remove out of the Parish, and in that case the Parish 
warranting to make good the improvement of the Parsonage Buildings 
and Lands as above During the aforesaid term of four years. The 
above sum of monej' to be paid & all the aforesaid priveleges and 
improvments to be continued to me as an Equivalent & humble com- 
pensation for the secular inconvenience of my removal and I do not 
only ask a Dismission to take place at the time and after the manner 
specified But I do herby give the Parish a full aquitance from that 
part of their contract which is to pay me fifty five pounds sterling 
annually as a salary — and I do herby Likewise promise & hold my- 
self obliged to the Parish in case of forfeiture that I will not improve 
my ministerial Right and priveleges in Continuing a settled minister 
of the Parish any way to involve them in the least charge as their 
settled minister of the Parish except in the respects above mentioned, 
or for a hindrance of a quiet and peaceable Settlement of another 
minister speedily — and that I will quit my ministerial Relation & 
Resign all the Parsonages & other priveleges as a settled minister of 
this Parish at the time & after the manner specified above, all of 
which is upon condition & firm dependence that the vote above Re- 
cited shall be truly & fully complied with, on the part of the Parish. — 
Given under my hand and seal this fourth Day of December, in the 
year of our Lord Seventeen hundred and seventy one & the twelfth 
year ot the reign of king George the third of Great Brittian etc. 

PAIXE WINGATE 
Signed Sealed & Delivered in presence of us 

JOSHUA CHASE 

STEPHEN CHASE 

Attested pr. BENJAMIN TILTON Parish Clerk. 

Eev. Paine Wingate, the fourth pastor of the church, was born 
in Amesbury, Mass., in 1T39; graduated from Harvard College in 
1759; ordained over this parish December 14, 1763; resigned De- 
cember 4, 1771, to take effect March 18, 1776. He did not exer- 



HISTORY OF CHURCH AND PARISH. 69 

cise his ministerial function to any great extent after sending in 
his letter of resignation. He appears to have lived in the town 
until about the time his resignation was to take efEect. Under date 
of March 12, 17T6, the following agreement with Mr. Wingate is 
recorded : 

Quit my Ministerial Relation and Resign all the Parsonag-es and 
other Privileges as a settled minister of the Parish. Allowing a few 
days for the removal of my effects. 

After his dismission Mr. Wingate turned his attention to civil 
and political matters. He is recorded as a member of congress 
between the years 1774 and 1779. He was a member of the first 
United States Senate, being a colleague with Hon. John Langdon. 
Taking his seat in March, 1789, his term expired March, 1793. 
After his term in the senate expired he was elected a representative 
to the third congress, taking his seat in 1793. He served but a 
single term in the house. When he was elected to congress he 
received a full vote in Hampton Falls, notwithstanding the opposi- 
tion to him as a minister. He was a judge of the supreme judicial 
court in New Hampshire from 1798 until 1809. 

He removed from Hampton Falls to Stratham, where he made 
his home until his death, March 7, 1838, aged ninety-nine years. 
He lived with his one wife more than seventy years. At the time 
of his death only one member of the senate who was associated with 
him was living. 

During Mr. Wingate's ministry, 184 were baptized. He solemn- 
ized 319 marriages; only 45 of these belonged to Hampton Falls. 
Many of the remainder came from Massachusetts, and were mar- 
ried by virtue of a license of the governor rather than to be pub- 
lished in the old form at home. 

July 14, 1773, it was voted to raise forty pounds lawful money to 
be expended by the selectmen in hiring "Some proper Gospel 
preacher in this place this year to have preaching in the Congre- 
gational order." 

November 14, a meeting was held for the purpose of making 
arrangements for further preaching. Capt. Jonathan Tilton, Mr. 
Jeremiah Lane, and Mr. David Batchelder were chosen a commit- 
tee, "to go and treat with the Lower Land of the parish concerning 
the difficulties in the parish," and upon the second adjournment 
of this meeting, it was voted to raise fifteen pounds for preaching, 



70 HISTORY OF HAMPTON FALLS. 

and a committee was chosen to apply to the association for advice, 
and to apply to some suitable candidate or candidates to sup- 
ply the parish with preaching. 

In a warrant for a meeting to be held July 7, 1775, was an article 
"To see if the parish will agree to hire Some suitable Person to 
preach alternately, one half of the time at the Xew meeting house/* 
etc. But no action upon this article appears upon the record. 

Mar. 12 177G Annual meeting. When Mr. Wingate had vacated the 
parsonage property, it was, Voted the Parsonage House and Parson- 
age lands be appropriated and used for the benefit of Schooling and 
for the support of the poor the Ensuing year. 

May 6 Voted to hire preaching for two months the services to 
alternate between the old and ne^v naeeting houses. — again it was 
voted to provide for six Sabbaths in the new house and for four 
Sabbaths in the old. — Oct. 21st A'oted three Sabbaths preaching and 
a thanksgiving sermon at the new house 

Mention is made that preaching had been supplied by a Mr. 
Thurston. 

At the annual meeting 1777, Voted that the income of the parsonage 
property, for the ensuing year be equally divided between the two 
Ends of the parish. 

July 31 Voted to hire Some Suitable Person or Persons to Preach 
in this Parish upon Probation in order for a Settlement Amongst us. — - 
It was voted to invite the neighboring ministers to preach among 
them, and to ask their advice in the matter. — It was also Voted to 
hire preaching in the >Xew Meeting house, for four months, and apply 
the rent of parsonage property to pay for preaching — And all those 
that Incline to Lay out their Money for preaching at the old Meeting 
House Signify it to the Select Men Seasonably. Malachi Shaw dis- 
sents against the above vote. 

Dec. 29, 1777 At a Meeting held for the purpose of making some 
arrangment about preaching — It was voted to Exempt those per- 
sons from ministerial tax who had supported preaching at the old 
meeting house, and had constantly attended upon the same — Also 
Voted to Extend a Call to Mr. Ebeneazer Dutch on the same terms 
on which Mr. Wingate had settled. Viz. the use of parsonage, property 
and fifty five pounds lawful money. Good Indian Corn at four Shil- 
lings per Bushel, and other things Equal therto 

This call was declined. 

Ap. 27 1778 It wa^ voted that the Louer Part of the Parish have 
what is called the Louer Parsonage, Buildings and flats (salt marsh) 
And the ujiper part of the Parish to have what is called the Upper 
Parsonage for the present year. 



HISTORY OF CHURCH AND PARISH. 71 

Oct. 19 In a warrant for a meeting, an effort was made for unit- 
ing witli Seabrook to hire preaching between them Seabrook at that 
time not having a setled minister 

There is no record that this moYement succeeeded. At the next 
meeting it was voted to hire preaching two months at the new meet- 
ing-honse. 

June 14 Voted to invite Mr. Zacheus Colby to settle at a Salary 
of Sixty pounds, beside the parsonage and that he should preach 
at Seabrook such a part of the time as they should pay for. 

This caJl was not accepted. 

In the warrant for a meeting September 1, 1777, the selectmen 
had received from Gen. Jonathan Moulton of Hampton an offer of a 
tract of land lying in Moultonborough Gore, or addition, to be used 
in supporting the Gospel in the parish forever. The 16th of Sep- 
tember Benjamin Sanborn, Jeremiah Lane, and Nehemiah Cram 
were chosen a committee to go and inspect said land. November 
4 they reported that it seemed to them to be good and valuable land. 
A committee was chosen to thank General Moulton, and to seek 
some modification of his terms and report at an adjourned meeting. 
The only record of this adjourned meeting is that the moderator 
declared the meeting dissolved. 

Dec. lltii 1780 Voted not to hire any one on probation but to 
extend a call to Eev. Dr. Samuel Langdon to settle at a salary of fifty 
pounds lawful money annually, or forty two pounds and eight cords 
good merchantable wood — Three and sixpence of said money to be 
as good as one Bushel Indian Corn, four Pence Equal to one Pound 
of Pork, Two Pence half Penn}% equal to one pound of good beef, and 
the buildings and outside fences to be kept in repair as has been usual 
in times past — The lands to be free from taxes. 

When it had been decided to occupy and fortify Bunker Hill in 
Charlestown, three Massachusetts regiments and two hundred Con- 
necticut men as a fatigue party were detailed for the purpose and 
ordered to parade on the afternoon of June 16. Before going to 
Charlestown they were drawn up on Cambridge common, where 
they listened to a fervent prayer made by Eev. Samuel Langdon, 
president of Harvard College, in which he blessed them and bade 
them Godspeed in their efforts to achieve American independence. 

In 1788 an effort was made to form a town comprising Seabrook 



7Z HISTORY OF HAMPTON FALLS. 

and a part of Hampton Falls, to be called Xew Hampton Falls. A 
bill having been introdnced into the assembly to that effect the 
town took measures to defeat its passage and were successful. AYe 
have never been able to find out who were the instigators of this 
movement, but it probably had its origin from the church troubles 
of the preceding years, as some of the people living in the lower 
part of the parish attended church at Seabrook after the new meet- 
ing-house was built. 

DR. LAXGDOX'S LETTER OF ACCEPTAXCE. 

"Whera.s the Inhabitants of Hampton Falls att a Legal meeting held 
on the Eleventh Day of December 1780 by their vote at Said meeting 
gave me a call to be their minister, and by a subsequent vote made 
provision [here he carefully states the terms] all which votes have 
been communicated to me by their committee — There seriously at- 
tended the foregoing call to devote my Labors in the ministry of 
the Gospel, to the service of the Parish and notwithstanding some 
Discouragments which have appeared in my way, and the earnest 
applications which have been made to me by some other Parishes 
when there was a prospect of a Peaceable and conafortable settlement 
I cannot but apprehend it to be my Duty to comply, with the Call of 
this Parish, Considering the unhappy divided state thej' have been in 
for so many years, past, and hoping I am not mistaken in Judging 
it to be a call from God, by the Intimation of his Providence — I do 
herbj' Declare my acceptance of their call together with the provision 
made for that part of my support which is granted. — the Deficiency 
of which is to be made up by the Bretheren of the Church & Congrega- 
tion also reserving to myself the Liberty of Choice as to the alternative 
mentioned in the fifth vote — And relying on the gracious assistance 
of our Lord Jesus Christ, I shall make it my Constant Care and Labor 
to fulfill the Duties of the Gospel Ministry in this place to the utmost 
of my abilities So Long as God shall continue me among this people. 

SAMUEL LAXGDOX' D. D. 

Hampton Falls January 7th 1781 

For the Parish Clerk in Hampton Falls to be Recorded in the 
Parish Book. 

Dr. Langdon chose the eight cords of wood instead of the addi- 
tional eight pounds lawful money. Good, merchantable wood was 
in all probability hard wood. 

While living here Eev. Dr. Langdon compiled and published a 
book, of which the following is a copy of the title page: 



HISTORY OF CHURCH AND PARISH. 73 



OBSERVATIOXS 

On the Eevelation of Jesus Christ to St. John, which comprehend 
the most approved sentiments of the Celebrated Mr. Mede, Mr. 
Lowman, Bishop Newton and other noted writers on this book, 
and cast miich additional Lig-ht on the most obscure prophecies 
Especially those which point out the time of The Rise and fall 
of Anti Christ 

In Two Parts, 

Containing Part I. General observations on Prophecy, The Form, 
Order, and style of the Eevelation, The Monitory vision 

Part II. The Prophetic Visions, which are distinguished into Five 
Prophecies Each of which is Subdivided into several scenes. 

By Samuel Laxgdon D. D. 

Minister of Hampton falls in the State of New Hampshire. 

Blessed is he that readeth and they that hear the words of this 
Prophecy, and keep those thing-s which are written therein. For the 
time is at hand. Eev. chap. 1, Verse 3. 

Printed at Worcester, Massachusetts, by Isaiah Thomas. 
MDCCXCI. 

The vieAvs expressed in this work appear to have been those gen- 
erally entertained at that time, and were presented in an able and 
interesting manner. This book was bound in leather and contained 
337 pages, a copy of which was presented to the Hampton Falls 
town library by Mrs. J. Emmons Brown in 1897. 

The old meeting-house was sold at public auction January 13, 
1780, and the proceeds appropriated for the support of the poor. Dr. 
Langdon having been settled to preach in the new meeting-house. 

In 1785 it was voted to sell the parsonage house and five acres 
of land, and a certain piece of thatch ground, called Parsonage 
island, and that the proceeds be applied to the purchase of a house 
and lands more convenient to the meeting-house, and a committee 
was chosen for the purpose. At what time the parsonage house 
and lands were sold we have no definite knowledge. The house 
and lands adjoining to it were sold to jSTathaniel Healey, the ship 
builder, who appears to have lived there for a number of years. He 
sold the premises to Theophilus Sanborn, in whose family it has 
since remained. The five acres opposite the Weare house were 
probably sold to them, as it was afterward included in their farm. 



74 HISTORY OF HAMPTON FALLS. 

A house standing where Lewis T. Sanborn's house now stands, and 
eleven acres of land extending down the road toward Hampton, was 
bought of Jonathan Perkins and used as a parsonage. The house 
was the one destroyed by fire in 1858, and was the one in which Dr. 
Langdon and Eev. Mr. Abbot lived, and was sold when the town 
ministry ceased. After Dr. Langdon's time what was known as the 
parsonage comprised this place and the pasture below Grapevine 
run. 

March ITST An Article Relative to raaking an addition to Doet' 
Langdon'.s .Salary was taken under Consideration, but no vote was 
passed upon it. 

Jan. 1788 The Eevd Doctor Langdon D. D. was chosen and appointed 
for a Delegate for the Convention to be held at Exeter on the second 
Wednesday of February next for the purpose of adopting a Consti- 
tution for the United States. 

March 1789 Voted, That the addition to Dr. Langdon's Salary 
for the future Shall be ten pounds. — At two shillings for Days work — 
or if any choose to pay money they may have liberty to pay. 

It was previously voted that the addition should be in labor. 

Feb. 1793 Voted to sel the Parsonage Land near Esq. Wear's, & 
Voted to Sel Come of the Common on the south side of the old Meeting 
house hil, as much as Josiah Pevere took in the School house fraim 

The committee chosen for that purpose were instructed to invest 
the proceeds in marsh land or upland, to be added to the parsonage. 

In explanation of the second vote it appears that Mr. Pervear 
had at some time bought the lot on the south side of the parsonage 
house (now between Mrs. Sanborn's and the Wellswood) with the 
intention of building a house thereon. The parish, not wishing to 
have a house there, persuaded him to exchange it for a lot on the 
common, near where the schoolhouse now stands, where he built a 
house and lived for a number of years. 

Eev. Samuel Langdon was born in Boston in 1723. Graduated 
at Harvard College in 17-10. AYas a teacher in Portsmouth soon 
after. Was settled as pastor at Portsmouth from 1746 to 1774. 
Was president of Harvard College from 1774 imtil 1780. Was in- 
stalled pastor of Hampton Falls church January 18, 1781. Died 
Xovember 29, 1797, aged 75 years. He was buried in the old 
cemetery on the cross road. He gave his library to the church 
for the use of the ministers of Hampton Falls. Dr. Langdon was 



HISTORY OF CHURCH AND PARISH. 75 

ihe first minister wlio occupied the parsonage lionse, which stood 
near the site of Lewis T. Sanborn's house. His term of tlie min- 
istry was quiet and peaceful; the animosities which had caused so 
much trouble during the ministry of his predecessor, had in a meas- 
ure subsided, but were never wholly overcome. Tradition says his 
services were quite length}', the sun being well down in winter when 
the afternoon meeting closed. At that time there were no means 
of heating the house. His sermons were written, but delivered with- 
out notes from memory; occasionally he would examine his manu- 
script with a reading glass. While living here Dr. Langdon had 
the misfortune to Ijreak his leg, which obliged him to preach for 
several Sundays standing in the broad aisle before he was able to 
ascend the high pulpit. It is said that he recommended Eev. Mr. 
Abbot to be his successor. 

Matters in the parish in relation to the troubles which arose be- 
cause of the Imilding of the new meeting-house did not mend very 
fast. In 1791 it was put to vote to see if the meeting would vote 
the committee any compensation for their services in building the 
new meeting-house, and it was decided in the negative. At the 
time this controversy was going on emigrants were going to Ohio, 
which was then the far west. The new meeting-house was called 
in derision the Ohio meeting-house, because it was located so far 
west, and it was generally spoken of as the "Hio meeting-house." 
The immediate neighborhood around the meeting-house Avas called 
by its opponents "Tuttletown." 

It was impossible to get any appropriation to repair the church, 
although a number of attempts were made. The only time Avhen 
anything was voted was in 1829, when it was voted to shingle the 
north side of the meeting-house, and to sell wood and timber enough 
from the parsonage to defray the expense. 

The first instance of a committee on our record to inspect schools 
was in 1791:, when Dr. Langdon was chosen chairman of such a 
committee. 

October 30, 1T97, just previous to Dr. Langdon's death, it was 
voted to hire some suitable person to preach four Sabbaths, and at 
an adjourned meeting December 25, it was voted to hire "eight Sab- 
baths' preaching." At a meeting February 18, 1798, arrangements 
were made for two more Sabbaths, and it was put to vote and de- 
sired by the meeting that the selectmen put up a notification ''to 
see if the town will hire Mr. Abbot upon probation." 



76 HISTORY OF HAMPTON FALLS. 

At the same time a committee was appointed to confer with 
Lieutenant Fifield and others and invite them to join in puhlic 
worship. These people lived at the lower end of the parish, and 
were dissatisfied with the location of the house and either attended 
church at Seabrook or did not attend at all. 

Up to this time Hampton Falls had generally been known and 
spoken of as the parish of Hampton Falls, and very seldom as the 
town of Hampton Falls, and Falls was generally written and printed 
with a small "f." 

Xovember 12, 1798, in was voted to hire Mr. Abbot five Sabbaths 
on probation, and at the expiration of that time a call was extended 
to him to settle as pastor. 

The terms offered him were the parsonage, ten cords of pine and 
hemlock wood delivered at his door, two hundred dollars, and his 
choice between six cords of good, merchantable hard wood and 
twenty-five dollars. May 7 this offer was increased to three hun- 
dred silver dollars. His letter of acceptance, which is upon the 
record, is dated June 2, 1798. 

The only other subsequent mention of Mr. Abbot upon the sec- 
ond book of records, which closes in 1814, is that he was chairman 
of the school committee from 1801 until 1807. 

He married February 11, 1802, Miss Catherine, daughter of Eev. 
Ebenezer Thayer of Boston, by whom he had nine children. He 
was ordained pastor of the church August 15, 1798, Eev. Jesse 
Appleton of Hampton giving the right hand of fellowship. 

Though "he discharged faithfully, affectionately, and with ac- 
ceptance the duties of the ministry," and was esteemed and beloved, 
a portion of his pastorate was somewhat troubled on account of the 
rise of other denominations. At the time of his settlement some 
made objection to the soundness of his belief. The Congregational 
ministers at that time were divided into two classes, Arminians and 
Calvinists. Mr. Abbot was classed with the Arminians. The 
Arminians gradually departed from the Calvinistic system and fore- 
bore to urge its tenets. They omitted to press the Athanasian creed,, 
or to use the Trinitarian doxology, but preferred Scripture expres- 
sions on these disputed points. They did not insist as a prelim- 
inary to the ordination of a young man to the Christian ministry 
his professing a belief in the Trinity or the five points of Calvinism. 
In a word the Arminians were more liberal in their belief than the- 
Calvinists. Mr. Abbot afterward became a Unitarian. 



HISTORY OF CHURCH AND PARISH. 77 

Mr. Abbot, during his pastorate, lived in the parsonage house 
occupied by Dr. Langdon. He and his family were much liked for 
their social qualities. He was much interested in agriculture; he 
carried on the parsonage lands with a great deal of intelligence; his 
methods were in advance of the times. He brought in some new 
kinds of fruit, and introduced the practice of grafting apple and 
other fruit trees. He was highly esteemed as a citizen, and his 
removal from the town was much regretted. While living here, 
Mr. Abbot often had in his family young men who were fitting for 
Harvard College, and those who had been conditioned or were sus- 
pended. Among the latter was Prof. John White Webster, who was 
hanged in Boston in 1850 for the murder of Dr. Parkman. Web- 
ster had a bad reputation while he was a member of ^Iv. xVbbot's 
family. 

Mr. Abbot was dismissed from the church in Hampton Falls 
October 23, 1827, and soon after purchased a farm and removed to 
Windham. He was drowned while returning from meeting, Sun- 
day, jSTovember 2, 1831:, by the upsetting of his boat in crossing a 
pond between the meeting-house and his home. 

Mr. Abbot may be considered the last of the six parish pastors 
settled in Hampton Falls. During his pastorate in 1818 the legis- 
lature passed what is known as the Toleration act, which gave lib- 
erty to any person to support and ^^ay to any religious denomina- 
tion they might choose, and exempted such as wished to pay their 
money elsewhere from the assessment of any minister tax by the 
town. 

During the town ministry Hampton Falls seems to have been 
very fortunate in the selection of its ministers. All of them were 
graduates of Harvard College, and men of ability, and Avell up with 
the times in which they lived, and Avere a living proof of the advan- 
tage of an educated ministry. During that time the town occupied 
a favorable position of respect among the neighboring towns, and 
we have not been gainers since the system was abolished. 

Eev. Jacob Abbot was born in Wilton, N. H., January 7, 1768, 
graduated from Harvard College in 1792, was ordained at Hamp- 
ton Falls August 15, 1798. Died November 2, 1831:. His daugh- 
ter, Martha T., married X. Porter Cram of this town, and resided 
here during much of her after life. 

After Mr. Abbot was dismissed, Eev. Moses Dow preached about 
three years as a stated supply. By the secession of the Baptists 

6 



78 HISTORY OF HAMPTON FALLS. 

and the withdrawal of those who held to the old doctrines, to unite 
with others at Seabrook and fonn the First Evangelical Congrega- 
tional Societ}- of Seabrook and Hampton Falls, the church at Hamp- 
ton Falls ceased to represent what was known as Xew England Con- 
gregationalism. As many of those who formed and have been influ- 
ential in supporting and maintaining the Line church have been 
residents of this town, and are at the present time, we will follow 
them as the direct line from the old church, and now begin to quote 
from their records. 

The Eev. Henry C. Jewett was engaged to preach during the sum- 
mer of 1834. He came in June and remained three or four months. 
He preached a part of the time in the Hampton Falls meeting-house 
and the remainder in the Exeter road schoolhouse, the Unitarians 
having possession of the meeting-house. After he left those who 
preferred evangelical preaching went to the Congregational meet- 
ing-house in Seabrook, vrhere the Eev. Jonathan Ward was preach- 
ing. 

Mr. i\.bbot was a Unitarian during the last part of his ministry. 
During his ministry many of the people united with the Baptists 
or became Unitarians. A part of the church, however, continued 
steadfast in the faith once delivered to the saints, adhering to and 
maintaining those doctrines which are generally received by what 
are called the orthodox chitrches of Xew England, and which are 
termed the Calvinistic doctrines. But in consequence of the divi- 
sion of sentiment on the subject of religion among the people gen- 
erally, and in compliance with the advice of neighboring ministers 
who had been consulted on the subject, those who had remained 
firm in the faith concluded to unite with the people of Seabrook 
for the purpose of maintaining public religious worship and the 
ordinances of the gospel. This union, after much consultation, 
delay, and discouragement, was ultimately effected. 

About the 1st of Xovember, 1764, a church was organized in the 
south part of Hampton Falls, formerly a part of Hampton and now 
Seabrook. This church was of the Presbyterian order and was con- 
nected with the Boston Presbytery. The first Presbyterian church 
of Xewburyport was represented at the organization by John Moul- 
ton, Jr., and Amos Coffin. The church was made principally of 
disaffected members of the Hampton Falls church. They gave as 
a reason for withdrawing that they were dissatisfied with Mr. Win- 
gate, and that they preferred the Presbyterian form of church gov- 



HISTORY OF CHURCH AND PARISH. 79- 

ernment. Uniting with a few others from other towns they con- 
stituted a separate church. The records of this church, if any were 
kept, have been lost, hut there are still in existence copies of a ser- 
mon preached January 31, 1765, at the ordination of the Rev. Sam- 
uel Perley to the pastoral care of the Presbyterian church and con- 
gregation of Hampton Falls by George Leslie, A. M., pastor of the 
church at Linebrook. It seems that there were many obstacles to 
the organization of a church after the form and to the establishing 
the gospel in this order. One of the objections probably was a 
remonstrance from the Congregational church at Hampton Falls, 
and it is conceived that some would be opposed to the Presbyterian 
form of church government. About fifteen years after this those 
who formerly belonged to Hampton Falls church, or a part of them, 
returned and were readmitted. 

Mr. Perley was born at Ipswich, llass., 1742, gi-aduated at Har- 
vard in 1763, ordained January 31, 1763, and dismissed May 23, 
1775. Died in Maine Xovember 28, 1831, at the advanced age of 89. 
After Mr. Perleys dismission there was no settled minister in Sea- 
brook for many years. Public worship was continued but the 
church was much scattered. 

Rev. Elias Hull was settled as pastor over the church of Christ in 
Seabrook, February 6, 1799. Mr. Hull was born in Tolland, Conn., 
in 1778; settled February 6, 1799; died February 28, 1822, twenty- 
three years from the time of his settlement. During the latter 
part of his life he preached only occasionally. He had become 
unsteady and finally died an inebriate. When he first settled he 
was an acceptable preacher and had a full house. He was not a 
college graduate, preached without notes, and was a very fluent 
speaker. He once favored Methodist views, but was settled as a 
Congregationalist. The Presbyterian form of the church was lost 
and the Congregational took its place. The records, if any were 
kept, are not now to be found. Deacon AYeare, Deacon Tucker 
(of Salisbury), Deacon Morrill, Thomas True, John Eaton, Benja- 
min Eaton, Thomas Cilley, and Joseph Felch are reported to have 
been members of the old Congregational church. There were prob- 
ably others, but these are all the names of males that can now be 
collected. This church contained but few male members. 

After the death of Mr. Hull there was no settled minister in Sea- 
brook for several years. Part of the time they had preachers of 
different denominations; at others by the missionary society, and a 
part of the time they were entirely destitute. 



80 HISTORY OF HAMPTON FALLS. 

The clnircli in Hampton Falls, like that in most other towns, had 
its vicissitudes and trials. Starting in 1711, in 1737 twenty-two 
males and thirty-fiTe female memhers were peaceably dismissed 
to form a chnrch in Kensington. In 1744 quite a number had 
become Quakers and withdrawn. In 1764 the Presbyterians went 
out and formed a new parish, which resulted in a division of the 
town. In 1808 the Baptists seceded and set up a separate church. 
April 30, 1827, twenty-nine persons legally organized themselves 
imder the name of the "First Congregational Society in Hampton 
Falls,"' which title is still retained, but is more generally known as 
the Unitarian society. True M. Prescott is, at this time of writing,^ 
the only surviving original member. In 1835 came the most seri- 
ous division of all, when those who called themselves the evan- 
gelical portion of the society withdrew from the more liberal part 
of the church and afterward united with those in Seabrook under 
the name of the "First Evangelical Congregational Church of Sea- 
brook and Hampton Falls," leaving the more liberal part of the 
church, which were the more numerous, in possession of the meeting- 
house and the church records, etc. The reason for this division 
and trouble at this time given by those who went away Avas the 
favoring of the half-way covenant by the majority. Those who 
remained attributed it to the exceedingly radical and sulphurous 
character of Mr. Jewett's preaching. 

May 8, 1832, the selectmen sold the parsonage land, buildings,, 
and wood. On the 8th of October the assessors of the Congrega- 
tional society receipted for $1,154.91, that being the proportion due 
said society. At the annual meeting of the society, April 4, 1836, 
it was put to vote to see if the society would give those persons who 
contemplated forming themselves into a new society, to be called 
the "Hampton Falls and Seabrook Congregational Society," their 
proportion of the fund. It was passed in the negative, six voting 
in favor and eight against. 

At the annual meeting of the society in 1837, — 

Voted that the funds of the First Congregational Society in Hamp- 
ton Falls be divided into two parts, according to polls and rateable 
estate of the year 1836, provided the disaffected part of the Society 
with such other members of said Society as may join with them 
shall form a Separate Society and withdraw from this society they 
producing a certificate from the clerk of their Society that they are- 
actual members therof. 



HISTORY OF CHURCH AND PARISH. 81 

This fund at that time amounted to $1,500. The ne^y society 
received $450. 

May 13, 1837, the following persons had withdrawn: Thaj^er S. 
Sanborn, Eeuben Batchelder, Emery Batchelder, Moses Batchelder, 
Samuel Batchelder, Jonathan Cram, Jr., Luke Averill, Joshua Pike, 
Jonathan Cram, Stephen Green, Robert S. Prescott, Josiah Batch- 
elder, Sherburne W. Eand, Caleb Tilton, Eebecca F. Cram, and 
Polly Dow. 

In 183-4 efforts were made to unite the towns of Hampton Falls, 
Kensington, and Seabrook into one Evangelical Congregational 
society. A number of meetings were held for the purpose, the 
result of which was the formation of the Evangelical Congrega- 
tional Society of Seabrook and Hampton Falls. For a time they 
held meetings in the old meeting-house in Seabrook. Eev. Jona- 
than Ward preached for a time. Later, when the society had built 
a new meeting-house near the line between the towns, Eev. David 
Sunderland preached a part of the time at the old meeting-house, 
and the remaining part at the new house. He was preaching here 
when the new house was dedicated and continued to preach for 
some months after. 

On the first Sabbath in February, 1837, Eev. Sereno T. Abbott 
preached for the first time. He was a native of Andover, Mass. 
He graduated at Amherst College in 1833, and from the Andover 
Theological Seminary in 1836, and by them was licensed to preach. 
After preaching a few months he received the following communi- 
cation: 

Eev S. T. Abbott — Sir, I am requested to inform you that tlae Sea- 
brook and Hampton Falls Evangelical Congi'egational Society at a 
meeting on the 24t'i of June last, Voted that the sum of five hundred 
dollars for one year be given you as a salary, and request you to settle 
as pastor of Said Society — They also request you to return an answer 
in writing as soon as the l^t day of July next at which time this meet- 
ing stands adjourned 

JACOB NOYES 
Clerk of Said Society. 

Seabrook June 27th is37. 

Mr. Abbott accepted July 1, and was ordained on the 12th, when 
twenty-two persons, dismissed from Hampton Falls church, together 
with Mrs. Mehitable Eaton, formerly of the old church in Seabrook, 
were organized into a church called "The First Evangelical Con- 
gregational Church of Seabrook and Hampton Falls." Eev. Jona- 



82 HISTORY OF HAMPTON FALLS. 

than French, father-in-law of Mr. Abbott, and more than fifty years 
the pastor of IS^orth Hampton church, was moderator of the council. 
The sermon was preached by Eev. Samuel M. Worcester of Salem, 
Mass. 

August 4 Stephen Green was chosen deacon, and the pastor was 
authorized to procure a book and keep the records. ]\Ir. Abbott 
was a man of historic tastes, and his records are kept in a model 
manner, giving the history of the church minutely and making a 
record of eacli individual member in his church relations. "We 
give brief extracts from his records to show the work done by the 
church. These extracts will give much other valuable information 
in relation to local matters which will be of interest. 

Aug. 6tii Mrs. A. Smith and Mrs. S. Felch members of the old Sea- 
brook church Avere adroitted. — Mrs. Smith was brought into the meet- 
ing house in her chair being 85 years old, and very infirm. — December 
7tii Thanksgiving, Pleasant. — One hundred and more present — Dec. 
3lst Miss Clarissa Fifield was baptized by immersion. — March 19th 
1838, Mrs. Nancy Brown of Kensington being dangerously ill was bap- 
tized and received into the church and received the sacrament of the 
Lord's supper. 

March 28^^^ a ijrotracted meeting commenced and Miss Nancy Brown 
died — March 31st meetings concluded Meetings full, Some conversions. 
;rhe Baptist and ilethodist people met with them. — April 5th twenty 
two inquirers present sixteen of whom are hoping 

May 6tii Jefeerson Janvrin and others were admitted. During the 
last week an organ was placed in the meeting house It was built by 
Mr. Morse of Newburyport. Cost about $700 was purchased by Dr. 
Edward Dearborn and Miss ]Mary Knight and by them presented to 
the Society 

June 17 thirteen were propounded for admission 

July 1st In less than a year 41 have been added to the Chh more 
than double the original number 

Sept. 2^ Hannah wife of John Porter and daughter of Mechech 
Weare, Thayer S. Sanborn and wife and five others were received— Mrs. 
Porter is 84 years old. 

April 1st 1839 died widow Abigail Smith in her eighty seventh year- 
Was a member of the old Seabrook Church under Mr. Hull. 

May 5 Walter Williams of Hampton Falls and two others received 
Mr. Williams was an aged man using a crutch 

June 18 & 20. At County Conference at Lamprey Eiver [now New- 
market] Governor Phinney from Liberia was present and made a state- 
ment respecting African Colonization 

July 4 Sunday school celebration at Hampton. People from North 
Hampton and this vicinity attended. About two hundred children 





REV, SERENO T. ABBOTT. 

PASTOR OF THE LINE CHURCH, 1837--1854. 
Through his efforts the financial condition of the society was nnuch improved 



HISTORY OF CHURCH A2vD PARISH. 83 

present. Procession of teachers and scholars, about two hundred and 
seventy five in number marched to niusic from the academy to the 
meeting- house where appropriate exercises were held, and then re- 
turned to the academy for refreshments. 

Jan. 5 1840 John Batchelder baptized and admitted. March, Mathe^v 
Merrium appointed superintendent of Sunday school 

June 11 The pastor presented a letter of dismission from the South 
Church in Andover, and his wife Sarah F. one from the Church in 
North Hampton and were received July otii On the evening of Aug. 
26tli Eev. Mr. Neigs a missionary from Ceylon preached. 

Nov. 12tli Thanksgiving. Eev. Mr. Hadley of Salisbury Point 
preached ninety one present. 

Dec. 27 Severe snow storm only fifteen present third successive 
Stormy Sabbath. 

Jan. 26tii 1841 Pastor and delegates attended Council at Kitterj^ to 
dismiss Eev. Tobias Miller father of Frank W. Miller 

Feb. 14 Baptized Adelaide Sarah, daughter of the pastor born Jan. 
6th 1841 Ordinance administered by her grandfather Eev. Jonathan 
French. 

Maj^ 14 National fast occasioned by the death of President William 
H. Harrison. He died April 4th aged Sixty Eight. — Eighty present at 
the meeting. 

Jiily oth Celebration of independence at Hampton by the children 
Addresses and refreshments near Mr. Thomas Ward's.. About three 
hundred and fifty walked in procession. July lotii Pastor read a letter 
of confession from a female member who jjrevious to marriage had 
been guilty of irregular conduct. Voted to suspend, and a committee 
was appointed to visit and report. August 19th Committee reported 
and case deferred. — Voted to purchase a pew for the Pastor's family — 
Nov. 25tli Thanksgiving day 75 present temperance meeting in the 
P. M. and one in the evening at the !Methodist house — Eeformed 
drunkards addressed the congregation with good effect. 

Aug. 11 The case of female irregularity having once been defined 
was noAV settled, by the restoration of the offender after suitable ad- 
monition and advice. Forty seven dollars paid for the pastor's pew 
and deed here recorded — - 

Jan 20th 1842 Two females and one male member of the same name 
brought to trial for bad treatment and bad talk in a famih^ difficulty — 
They confessed, repented, and were admonished — April 7th State fast 
75 present. July 4th Sunday-school Celebration at Hampton 300 chil- 
dren present. — Mary Knight died at Ossipee May IQtli leaving by her 
will half of the organ and $100 to the church — July 23^ Last night 
about ten oclock a barn owned by Maj. Samuel George and a building 
owned by Dr. Edward Dearborn, and occupied by Mathew Merrium 
as a dwelling house and store were consumed by fire — Brother M. 
had charge of the Communion service consisting of two flagons, two 
plates, six cups and one baptismal basin. — They were all destroyed by 
fire. The basin and a part of the other things were a present from the 



84 HISTORY OF HAMPTON FALLS. 

ladies and the church at Newburyport. The fire is supposed to have 
■been the work of an incendiarv'. 

Although it is stated in the church records that the communion 
service belonging to the First Evangelical Congregational Society 
•u'as destroyed in the fire when Mr. Merriam's house was burned, it 
is an error, as some months afterward it was found under the stairs 
in the church. How it came there, or in whose possession it had 
been during its absence, was never known. It is a little strange that 
Mr. Abbott did not make mention of the fact of its being found in 
his church record. 

Jan-ll-12 & 13, 1S43 Special meetings at private houses. ICth to 
21st held meetings in afternoon and evening in the meeting house 
through the week assisted by other ministers. Attendance in after- 
noon from fifty nine to one hundred and twentj", and in evening from 
one hundred and eighteen to one hundred and sixty eight, about forty 
inquirers 22<i meetings full and solemn. Six or more appear to have 
been converted during the daj. — Meetings continued the next week 
■with preaching daily by other ministers Afternoon attendance from 
thirty to ninety six. Evening Eighty four, to one hundred and fifty 
two. Interest increasing many indulging hope. Jan. 23d death of 
Ann T. daughter of Deacon S. Green, a consistent and exemplary mem- 
ber. Jan. 29tii baptized his son, Asa George born Dec. 23, 1842. Feb. 
4tii Some meetings held, others prevented by violent storms Feb. 
llth Meetings almost wholly prevented by Severe and stormj' weather. 
Feb. IStii. Meetings through the week principally at private houses. 
February some interesting meetings during the week. ^March 5th 
Some meetings thinly attended on account of the weather ^larch 
23d weather and travelling have prevented meetings much sickness, 
letters of Christian greeting received from other denominations invit- 
ing us to join in their special meetings and were responded to and 
accepted in part April 6tii annual Fast. — Church and inquiry meet- 
ing also temperance meeting — May Tth Eight added to the Church. 
July three received. July 4tii Sunday school celebration. General 
invitation. Eight hundred present at the morning services in the meet- 
ing house. Over seven hundred walked in procession to a grove on 
land of James Locke. — Picnic table one hundred and eighty feet long.— 
From twelve to fifteen hundred present. Addresses and singing for 
an hour. Ten ministers pi-esent and took part. July SOtii Salary re- 
duced to four hundred and twenty five dollars, allowing pastor to 
make up balance elsewhere Sept. 3d three received. Nov. 5t!i 
One admitted. November 30th Eighty present at thanksgiving ser- 
Yice — Dec. SQth town of Seabrook voted ninety nine to thirty five to 
stop the sale of liquor. Committee of twelve chosen and two hundred 
and fiftv eight dollars raised for that inirpose. 



HISTORY OF CHURCH AND PARISH. 85 

Feb. loth 1S44 J. Xoyes Sunday School suiJerintendent — Feb. 21st 
Donation visit by fifty or sixty of the young people. Mar. 29tii State 
Fast. Sixty four present. June lOtii Eeuben Batchelder Chosen dea- 
con, Emerj' Batchelder, Jacob Xoyes & Thayer S. Sanborn having all 
■declined. July 4tii a Washingtonian celebration was held by the Eock- 
ingham County Washingtonian Total Abstinence Temperance Society 
-at Boar's Head, Hampton Beach. A prize banner was presented by 
the ladies of Portsmouth to the societies of Seabrook and Hampton 
Falls, whose delegates ranked highest on the score of merit on that 
■occasion Nov. 8*^ another Case of female discipline, which resulted 
in a satisfactory confession when she was admonished and forgiven. 
Nov. 14th Sixt}' Eight present at thanksgiving Services. Dec. amount 
collected for benevolent objects fifty six dollars. 

Jan. 19th 1845 Pastor baptized his second daughter Anna Farrar 
born Dec. 1st. February 4th heaviest snow storm for twenty years 
prevented the holding of some special meetings. 

Mar. 20 Samuel Batchelder Sunday school superintendent. April 
7th annual fast Stormy day 30 present. P. M. Annual meeting of the 
Seabrook Temperance Societj- — May 25th fire at the meeting house on 
-account of the cold. July 4th Sunday school celebration. A. M. 300 
in the meeting house, 400 in procession and 600 at the collation in 
Locke's grove. The preparatory lectures were often preached by 
""Father" Jonathan French. November 2~th Thanksgiving, meeting 
prevented by the severest rain storm for 30 years. December 3lst 
amount for benevolent purposes $54, admitted to the church 1, bap- 
tized 4, deaths 14, marriages 7. 

April 1st 1846 60 present at fast day services. May 13th album 
visit about 50 supped, ladies in P. M. and gentlemen in the evening. 
July 4th Sunday" school celebration at North Hampton, 500 in the 
meeting house, 600 in procession and 800 at the table. — Nov. 29 bap- 
tized his second son Albert Timothy. December 20th dismissed to 
Andover Rhoda daughter of Deacon Eeuben Batchelder and wife of 
Sj-lvester Abbott of Andover. December 31st collection $62 baptisms 
2, deaths 12, marriages 6. 

Jan. 5th 1S47 Funeral of Mrs. Dr. Sewell Brown a member of the 
church 

Ap. 15 Annual fast and temperance meeting — Ap. 23<i B. F. Cram 
Sunday school superintendent. Sept. 12th preaching by Eev. J. Sewell 
of Maine aged Eighty seven. Nov. 30th 51 present at thanksgiving 
service. Dec. 31st Amount of collection for benevolent purposes $84, 
■deaths 13. 

Jan. 27th 1848 Pastor ill and unable to attend Service for the first 
time in many years. — April 13th 71 present at fast day services. 
P. M. temperance meeting in Methodist meeting house. July 4th 
Sunday school celebration at Hampton. July 2"^ baptized his infant 
daughter Mary French. July IS & 19, Piscataqua Association met here. 
Aug. 19th Aaron Son of Moses Batchelder, buried aged thirty three. 
Nov. 16 thanksgiving fifty present. — Nov. 22<l A dwelling house having 



86 



HISTORY OF HAMPTON FALLS. 



been erected a few rods west of the meeting- house on the borders 
of Hampton Falls, by the united efforts of the Pastor & his people, 
was occupied when partially finished on the 20tii inst. A church meet- 
ing was held there this P. M. and in the evening- there was a dedicatory 
lecture. Dec. 31st deaths during the year 23 including five lost at sea, 
1 away from home and four members of the Church. Collections $56. 
Admitted by profession 1. 

Feb. 3d 1849 Funeral of Hannah wife of John Porter and the last 
of the children of Hon. Mechech Weare aged ninety four years and 
eight months. She had been a member of the church about ten years. 
during which time church meetings were often held at her house and 
communion occasionally celebrated there. March 20tii B. F. Cram. 
Sunday school superintendent — A female member suspended. April 
5tli State Fast, forty seven present. P. M. annual temperance meeting. 
June IGth donation visit Seventy five present. Sixteen dollars in cash 
besides other gifts. July 4tii general Sunday school celebration in 
Hampton. Aug. 3d national fast on account of the prevalence of the 
Cholera. About one hundred present. Aug. 6th Ordination of S. P. 
Fay at Hampton. Xov. 15tii Thanksgiving, pastor sick. Dr. Dimick 
preached. Dec. Sl^t deaths 21, baptisms 3, Marriages 4 Contributions, 
$83. 

;Mar. 3d 1S50 During the night Dr. Sewell Brown committed suicide 
by hanging, in a fit of mental derangement, aged fifty two. He was 
one of the founders and most etficient supporters of the Society — He 
was an excellent physician and citizen, and his loss is deeply deplored. 
— He was buried on the oth from the meeting house. — Hundreds followed 
him to the grave. Mar. igth B. F. Cram superintendent — April 4ti» 
fast, violent storm. Jan. 19th donation 100 present $18. July 4tii 
Celebration at Hampton Falls. Address by C. J. Oilman of Exeter, 
picnic in grove 500 present. Nov. 28tii no meeting Thanksgiving day 
on account of violent storm. Dec. 24th Church meeting prevented by 
a tremendous snow storm. 29th Sabbath blocking snow storm no 
preaching. Dec. Sl^t deaths 22, Marriages 6, Councils 1 Collections $50. 

Jan. 18th 1851 Extra meetings most of the week. 25th baptized Har- 
riet Elizabeth fourth daughter and sixth child of the pastor born Dec. 
IQth — Feb. 1st Special meetings most of the week. 8th meetings most 
of the week. 15th Meetings when the weather allowed. 22°d a few- 
meetings Six or Eight Converts. Mar. 6th Edward Dearborn, M. D. 
died at his residence in Seabrook He had been a practicing physi- 
cian in the place, more than fiftj^ years. A valuable citizen, an in- 
fluential man he dies much lamented. He was one of the founders 
and principal supporters of the Society. — He was buried from the 
church. Large numbers followed him to the grave. March 24th B. F. 
Cram superintendent. April 3d fast and temperance meeting. June 
14th Died of small pox at his residence in Seabrook Jacob Xoyes Esq. 
aged 65. He was one of the founders and a prominent supporter of 
this religious Society, and a consistent and influential member of the 
church. July 4th no celebration Sept 10th the will of Dr. Edward 



HISTORY OF CHURCH AND PARISH. 87 

Dearborn was proved in Court He bequeathed $4000. to the Society, 
provided there should be no change in its doctrines— He also provided 
means for the Establishment of Dearborn Academy in Seabrook. 
Dec. 31st Whole number of deaths including those away from home and 
at Sea fifty two Marriages 7, received to the church 6, one church mem- 
ber died, baptisms five benevolent conti-ibutions forty one dollars. 

Jan. 26 1852 A female member restored after a course of discipline 

^rar. 16 Died in the Seventy fifth year of her age, Phebe widow of 
Dr. Edward Dearborn and a descendant of Mrs. Hannah Dustin of 
famous Indian memory. She relinquished her right of dower in favor 
of Dearborn Academy. April 2d Voted about two hundred volumes. 
of Simday school library to the destitute in Prince Edward's Island, 
to be delivered by Capt. William Sanborn. — S. BroAvn superintendent 
of Sunday school. June SQtii the church called an ex parte council ta 
consider the propriety of the dissolution of the pastoral relations 
between themselves and Rev. S. T. Abbott. — The two churches in 
Newburyport the two in Exeter, and those in Durham, and Amesbury 
were represented, by pastors and delegates. After complimenting 
those who called the Council the repoi't proceeds to speak of Mr. 
Abbott in the highest terms, and in substance to advise his contin- 
uance of the pastoral relation. Dec. Sl^t deaths twenty five marriages 
ten contributions $60.00. 

Jan. 16, 1853 Eev. Jonathan French D. D. baptized John Alden third 
son of the pastor born Dec. 12tii. March 28tii T. S. Sanborn Sunday 
school superintendent — Collectors appointed as usual for the different 
benevolent objects. Dec. 16tii The Church Called another exparte Coun- 
cil to seek advice about difficulties existing between church and pastor 
— The following churches were represented by pastor and a delegate, 
Belleville, North & Whitefield of Newburyport North of Portsmouth, 
First Church Exeter, Byfield Mass. Hampton & Amesbury. — The follow- 
ing resolution was presented and adopted — Eesolved that the pastoral 
relation existing between the chiirch and Eev. S. T. Abbott be and is 
hereby recommended to be dissolved 

Dec. 15 At a church meeting voted that whereas etc. the pastoral 
relation between this church and Eev. S. T. Abbott be now dissolved. 
Dec. 25tii notwithstanding the wardens had notified Mr. Abbott that 
his services were no longer needed, and that the house would be closed 
he preached as usual. Dec. 31st deaths 27, marriages 8, Councils 2 bap- 
tisms 2 contributions $44.00 

Jan. 8tii 1854 Sabbath. Although the wardens had notified Mr. 
Abbott that they had engaged someone else to preach he appeared^ 
claimed the pulpit, and preached. The wardens then obtained a legal 
injunction, which they served on Mr. Abbott the following Saturday. — ■ 
Mr. Abbott then called an ex-parte council composed of pastors and 
delegates from twelve churches at a distance none of whom had par- 
ticipated in the other councils. The following is the substance of 
their report — Leaving out of view then the question whether he should 
remain so, the council are unanimously of the opinion that he is still 



05 HISTORY OF HAMPTON FALLS. 

pastor of etc. — his pastoral relation having- never been dissolved ac- 
cording to the usage and principles recognized by the Congregational 
Churches of New England and by the civil courts — Dec. 3lst during 
the past year the jjulpit was supplied by ministers from abroad, for 
the most part, by Eev. Martin Moore of Boston and a Mr. Wallace 

After the injimction was served on Mr. Abbott be preached 
in his own house until a few weeks before his death, which 
occurred March 28, 1855. Mr. Abbott was not a handsome man 
or sprightly in his delivery, but possessed a sound, sensible, and 
well educated mind. The substance of his discourses was good, 
and he labored faithfully for his church and community. He de- 
sired to remain where he had built a house and lived for seventeen 
years of his life. On the other hand, the leading members of the 
church considered that they should be permitted to say who should 
be their minister. It was very unfortunate for all concerned that 
matters assumed the shape they did. The usefulness of the church 
was seriously impaired for a number of years as a result. 

After Mr. Abbott's death the preaching was by a number of dif- 
ferent persons. Xovember 30 it was voted to invite Eev. Henry 
Lounsbury to become the pastor. Mr. Lounsbury accepted in a 
note dated December 24, and named February 13 as the date of his 
ordination. He was ordained at that time. Eev. Dr. Dimick 
preached. He participated in the ordination of j\Ir. Abbott nearly 
nineteen years before. Under date of September 16, 1857, in a 
short communication Mr. Lounsbury resigned his pastoral charge 
and was regularly dismissed by a council called for the purpose. He 
preached for the last time October 11. 

Dec 3 1st Services have been held in the church every Sabbath this 
year. 

Mar. 7tii 1858 Rev. John Moor of Andover has preached for nineteen 
Sabbaths. April 25tii Eev. Edward Abbott of Andover has Supplied 
for seven Sabbaths and many extra evening meetings have been held. — 
He has visited and preached to the people of South Seabrook. Deborah 
W. wife of Thayer S. Sanborn died March 1858. Eev. :Mr. Thompson 
has supplied since May second. 

Sometime early in the* sixties it was voted to close the church. 

1866. Urgent request having been made that the house should 
again be opened for public worship, A meeting was held Tuesday 
evening May 15tii at which about one hundred and fifty persons were 
present including S. J. Spaulding D. D. of Xewburyport, Eev. EdAvard 



HISTORY OF CHURCH AND PARISH. 89' 

Kaiid of Amesbury, and Eev. J. W. Dodge of Hampton. A notice was 
given that the house would again be opened on the first Sabbath in 
June, with iireaching by Eev. Mr. Eand of Amesbury. — Dec. 30th The 
pulpit has been Supplied Every Sabbath since June. 

1867 Eev. A. B. Peabody accepted an invitation from the society to 
supply the pulpit for a year, and commenced his labors April l^t 
May 16tii the house of the late Dr. Sewell Brown was jmrchased as a 
parsonage. Deacon Stephen Green died May ISth after a few days 
sickness aged eighty five years and ten months. June 28 commenced 
repairing- church. Sabbath services held in Dearborn Academy Hall. 
July 9th A church of seventeen members was organized at South Sea- 
brook, as the result of a revival of religion under the labors of Mr, 
William A. Eand. This church was represented by Thayer S. San- 
born as delegate. A visitation among the churches of this countj^ as 
recommended bj^ the Eockingham Conference. T. S. Sanborn, Jefferson 
Janvrin and Emery Batchelder as delegates of this church, visited the 
church at Kensington Oct. Sl^t, and the Churches at North Hampton 
and South Seabrook, visited this Church Nov. 6th and good meetingsi 
were held afternoon and evening. The repairs of the Church having 
been handsomely finished at an Expense of about two thousand dol- 
lars, the building was rededicated on the afternoon of Dec. 5th with a 
sermon by Eev. A. B. Peabody from Psalms xciii, 3, "Thy testimoniea. 
are very pure holiness becometh thy house O Lord forever" Subject 
the sacredness of the place of God's worship. Eev. E. D. Eldredge 
of Kensington, Eev. John W. Dodge of Hampton, Eev. Mr. Bacon of 
Amesbury, Eev. T. V. Haines of North Hampton and Mr. William A. 
Eand of South Seabrook jjarticipated in the exercises. The building 
had been thoroughly repaired, newly plastered and painted, with new 
black walnut desk, circular chestnut jdcws, with walnut trimminga 
and a modern Choir, the floor newly carpeted, and the pews cushioned. 
The Committee of repairs were, John Batchelder John T. Batchelder 
and Charles C. Gove Deacon Eeubcn Batchelder attended the first 
Communion Service in the rededicated house Jan. 5th, -was soon after 
taken sick and died Mar. 7th 1868, aged ninety years and nine months. — - 
He was a man of strong constitution of strong mind and earnest piety, 
was deacon of this church for twenty eight years, and the fourth 
deacon in regular succession from father to son. Ap. 30th 1868 Emery 
Batchelder was chosen deacon to succeed his father. March 7th 1869 
three females admitted to membership May 30th Albert Edward, in- 
fant son of the pastor baptized by his father. July 1st annual ap- 
pointment of collectors for the different benevolent objects. Nov 14th 
John Batchelder chosen clerk. Nov 21st Eev. A. B. Peabody closed his 
labors and was installed pastor of the church at Stratham Nov 2oth 
From Nov. 2lst to April 1870 the pulpit was supplied by Henry Eldredge 
& I. W. Warren. Eev. D. W. C. Durgin late pasfor of the Free Will 
Baptist church at Hampton accepted an invitation and commenced his 
labors Ap. 3d 1870. INIarch 1872, Mr. Durgin having received a call 
from Newmarket closed his labors at the expiration of his year— from. 



90 HISTORY OF HAMPTON FALLS. 

this time until Xov. 1873 Supplies from Andover and elsewhere fur- 
nished the preaching. Nov. 9tii Eev. George H. Pratt late of Harvard 
Mass. commenced his labors as pastor Jan. 1st 1S74 Mr. Pratt was 
chosen clerk. Feb. 26tii two admitted bj' letter. May lOth five young 
people were received to the membership. September one received by 
letter and two by profession. 23d Warren H. Batchelder chosen clerk 
Sept. 26tii Eev. Mr. Pratt closed his labors having accepted an invita- 
tion to preach at Agawam Mass. — Rev. Frank Haley of Dover X. H. 
accepted an invitation and commenced his labors Dec. 1st at a salary 
of $70U, and x^arsonage. July SOtt 1876, five were admitted to mem- 
bership four of them being immersed — March lOth 1S77 nine were re- 
ceived. Feb. 23'i Jennie wife of the pastor died aged thirty seven years 
^lay Gtt five young persons were admitted to the church, who with 
others recently admitted were the fruit of a. revival the last winter, 
largely promoted by the labors of delegates of the Young INIen's 
Christian Association of which Mr. Folger was leader. — Thej' held 
meetings in union with the other denominations Dec. 25, 26-27 & 28, 
1876. Two others were admitted in Sept. 1876. Xov. 4tii three young 
persons were admitted. Jan. 6tii 1878 two young men were admitted 
The j)astor adiuitted by letter from Macon Ga. — 1879 two female mem- 
bers dismissed, & one young man expelled. March 1880 three young 
women admitted one of whom, Ella H. Fogg, died Dec. lltii aged 
nineteen. Three members dismissed 1881 Eev. Frank Haley closed his 
labors and settled at Boscawen. Eev, Joseph Boardman accepted an 
invitation and commenced his labors September 4tii at a salary of $650, 
and parsonage with a vacation of four Sabbaths. Dec. 8, Eev. Mr. 
Boardman chosen clerk. 

Majr 24 1884 Eev. Joseph Boardman Closed his labors. His record 
was very brief — One dismission and foxir deaths are about all. Warren 
H. Batchelder chosen Clerk. 

Sept. 7 Eev. Joseph Kimball of Andover Mass commenced his labor 
as a stated supply-. 

1885 3 have been admitted to membership this year 

Dec. 31 1886 Services have been held during the year. Communion 
Omitted 

Dec. 31 1887 Several members were dismissed to membership in 
other places. 

Dec. 31 1888 Two members received — The Church received a legacy 
of $500.00 by will of Daniel Merrill late of South Hampton and a mem- 
ber of this church 

Dec. 31 1889 Four admitted to membership this year. 

Dec. 31 1890 Three admitted to membership — Dec. 4, Lucy, widow 
of Daniel Merrill, died aged SO — Largest attendance on Sabbath 119 — 
Smallest 39. — Average during the year 84.8 

May 12 1891 David F. Batchelder & Xathaniel Blatchford chosen 
Deacons— Henry S. Jackson— Supt of Sabbath School Voted that the 
Committee to Examine Candidates shall consist of the Pastor--Dea- 
cons & Mr. Henr^' S. Jackson. 



HISTORY OF CHURCH AND PARISH. 91 

June 21 Voted that Eev. Joseph Kimball hold the position of 
acting- pastor of this Church, and that we ratify that relation from 
the commencement of his labors with us. — Nathaniel Blatchford re- 
signed the office of Deacon & Warren Howard Batchelder was chosen 
to fill the vacancy— Eleven admitted to membership during- the year 
Dec. 31 Largest attendance 148. Smallest IS. Average during the 
year 98. 

Dec. 31 1892 Nathaniel Blatchford died this j'ear aged 63. Largest 
attendance 150. — Smallest 29. — Average 98. The Communion Services 
have been observed during the year During the year the Church has 
been removed back from the roads. The additional land which has 
been purchased, has greatly improved the appearance of the Church, 
making ample space around the house. A line of horse sheds has 
also been built. — While the reiiairs were going on church services 
were held in Academj" hall. 

Jan. 31 1893 Services were held with four of the neighboring 
churches with the assistance of Eev. S. K. Anderson Evangelist. 

Mar. 10 House rededicated — Rev. S. R. Aldrich of Eye preached the 
sermon other parts taken by neighboring ministers Eev. Bernard 
Copping of Groveland Mass. gave an address in the evening. 

May 25 The Eockingham Countj^ Temperance Association met at 
this church — morning and afternoon 

Dqc. 31 6 members admitted. 2 dismjissed — Largest attendance 
300 at union service on April 2nd — Smallest 39 average 103.6 Com- 
munion observed regularly during the year. 

Sept. 26 1894 The thirty third annual meeting of the East Eocking- 
ham Bible Society was held here. 

Oct. 11 The Piscataqua Association met here. 

Dec 31 Largest attendance 200, smallest 22 average 92. S Communion 
held regularly during the year. 

May 5, 1895 Individual communion cups having been procured were 
used for the first time today. 

Dec. 31 4 members have been admitted this j-ear. Largest attend- 
ance 152. — Smallest 21. Average 83.8 Pastoral calls 325. Communion 
held regularly during the year 

Dec. 31 1896 Largest attendance 113, smallest 26-average 76.98 
Pastoral Calls 322. Communion service regular during the year. 

1897 One received and one dismissed 

July 29 Deacon Emery Batchelder died aged 84. He had been a 
member of this church since its organization and active in all church 
work, exhibiting in a consistent Christian walk and conversation, the 
evidences of a warm and sincere attachment to the faith which he 
professed 



92 HISTORY OF HAMPTON FALLS. 

CHEISTIAX BAPTIST CHUECH. 

Early in the present century, or about 1800, there were in many 
places those who from some cause had become dissatisfied with the 
management and teachings of the parish churches, who left the old 
churches and established places of worship of their own under a 
different name. The societies thus formed called themselves Bap- 
tist, although their methods and practice were radically different 
from those of the Baptist church of the present time. As the 
name indicates, they believed in baptism by immersion. The new 
churches which came into existence at that time were supported by 
voluntary contributions, while those who supported them were still 
taxed for the support of the parish minister settled by the town. 
Those who left the old church in this town joined with others from 
Hampton, Kensington, and Seabrook, and formed a new society 
called the Christian Baptist. Mr. AVilliam Brown was one of the 
most active and earnest promoters of the new church, and acted 
as its clerk for more than thirty years after its formation, until the 
society built its new house, when^Ir. Brown left and became identi- 
fied with the Calvin Baptist society. AVe give here some extracts 
from his record: 

In the beginning of the year 1805 we held oiir meeting on the Lord's 
day at our brother John Pike's house. This being inconvenient, we 
have agreed with Mr. Aaron "Wells for a house to worship God in, and 
paid the rent in part. But four of the windows were broken in one 
night, and said Wells forbid our meeting in said house. We then 
removed our meeting to the Widow Anna Brown's house in Hampton 
Falls. We then agreed from time to time when we met, to build a 
meeting house, also that our brother William Brown should take the 
account of the materials for building and keep an account of the same. 

The house of John Pike, where the meeting was first held, is 
the house now owned and occupied by Emmons B. Towle. The 
house has been enlarged since that time. Mr. Aaron Wells, who 
rented them the house, lived where Xewell W. Healey now lives. 
The Widow Anna Brown's house was the vacant house owned by 
George C. Brown next to his residence. Mrs. Brown was the 
mother of "William Brown, Jacob Brown, Zephaniah Brown, Mary 
Brown, and ilrs. Thomas Moult on, all of whom became prominent 
in the management of the Christian Baptist church. Mrs. Brown 
was the widow of Xathan Brown. She and her husband were 




WILLIAM BRCV\N. 
1769-1856. 

He organized the Christian Baptist Society in I 805, was a lay preacher and its principal sup- 
porter for 30 years. Afterwards affiliated with the Baptist Society. 



HISTORY OF CHURCH AND PARISH. 93 

admitted to Hampton Falls chiircli in 1753. At this time Mrs. 
Brown was an invalid and not able to go away from home, and was 
probably glad to be able to attend religious services. She died in 
1814. 

We, namely William Brown, John Lamprey of Kensington & Theo- 
dore Coffin of Hampton to be equal in the charges of building said 
meeting house and John Pike agreed to help in building according 
to his ability. We also agreed to receive w^hat others will help for 
said building and all that help build said house shall own and possess 
in Said house — And we four bretheren also to own said house with them 
in proportion to what we do to the same. Friday 28tii of June 1805, 
we raised our meeting house in Hampton Falls near Mr. Aaron Mer- 
rill's house. 

From the account given the honse cost about $3G0. John Lam- 
prey contributed $94.35, Theodore Coffin, $96.42, William Brown, 
$97.89, John Pike, $13.25; the remainder was contributed by thir- 
teen others in small sums. The church stood between the Creigh- 
ton house and the hill south of the town house. It was about 
thirty feet square, and had a four-sided roof, coming to a point in 
the center, with a heavy coving at the eaves. The room was 
about twelve feet to the ceiling, and was unpainted. After it 
ceased to be used as a church it was sold -to Eichard C. Marsh, 
removed to Kenny brook, and used as a blacksmith shop. It was 
afterward taken down and the material used to build the black- 
smith shop at gravelly ridge in Salisbury occupied by Mr. Trues- 
dale. Sometime in 1806 William Brown and Theodore Coffin 
bought a tankard and two cups for the communion service, sharing 
the expense equally. 

We met in said mseting house for the worship of our God in the 
latter part of the year 1805. From that time until January 1807. 
And each person gave to the support of preaching as appeared right 
in his own eyes to said preaching. Jan. 13tii 1807. We had a meeting 
for the society to arrange their matters, we then agreed first, that 
William Brown should continue to keej) the records of the societies 
affairs. 2iidly To have a contribution for the support of preaching 
the gospel and said money to be ke]3t by William Brown, and to be 
given by him to such preachers as Mr. Jonathan Fellows, Mr. Theodore 
Coffin & William Brown shall think it duty to bestow the money on, 
collected from time to time by contribution, agreeable to their direc- 
tion how much to give each minister who shall preach for the breth- 
eren and society. 
7 



94 HISTORY OF HAMPTON FALLS. 

The collections were taken up two or three times each year. It 
does not appear from the record that the money raised and paid 
each year for preaching exceeded fifty dollars. After the passage 
of the toleration act in 1818, this society received their proportion 
of the rent of the parsonage property. The preachers received 
in a majority of cases one dollar per Sahhath for their services. 
Elder True of Salisbnry preached more than any one else. Elders 
Eand, Leavitt, Farnham, and others are mentioned as supplies, 
but it was the exception that any one received more than one 
dollar per Sabbath. 

In 1812 the bretheren agreed to furnish preachers the ensuing year 
by the will of God as follows, William Brown to provide two Lord's 
day, Jacob Brown 2 days, Zephaniah Brown 2, Thomas Moulton 2, 
Theodore Coffin 2, Abraham Drake 1, John Brown 1, Joseph Melcher 
1, John Pike 1, Sewell Pike 1, Jeremiah Dow 1, Jona. Eaton 1. 

When any of these supplies, preached it was entered on the rec- 
ord who it was and who provided for him, which meant, in addition 
to paying him, food and lodging if necessary. As an example of 
these entries: 

June 30th Bro True preached Brother Jacob Brown provided for him. 
Under date of June 6, 1815, is the following entry: 

June 6th, 7th-sth-9th.iotii Very cold it froze ice four nights oxit of 
five, it froze yarn and a pair of stockings stiif. 

This system of providing preachers continued for a number of 
years. The Sabbaths not provided for in this manner were paid 
for out of the contributions and money received from the rent of 
the parsonage. A great number were baptized and taken into the 
church from this and the adjoining towns. From Hampton, the 
Coffins and Drakes; from Kensington, the Shaws, Browns, and 
many others; from Seabrook, the number was very large. The 
church exercised discipline over its members, as from time to time 
we find a record of the church voting to withdraw from certain per- 
sons who had given offense by not conforming to the rule of the 
Gospel. In 1817 the brethren agreed "that all society men shall 
be disowned after this year who never go to meeting nor any of 
their families if they are well."' There appears never to have been 
any minister ordained over this church as long as it occupied the 



HISTORY OF CHURCH AND PARISH. 95 

little mcetinp-housc. Mr. A\'illiam Brown seems to have been the 
manager and master spirit as long as meetings were held in that 
house. 

July 1(3, 1S08, Polder Ebenezer Leavitt was ordained at Hampton 
Falls to preach in the denomination, Init not over any particular 
church. As the church was too small to accommodate the large 
number who came, the ceremony was performed outside, in the 
orchard on the liill in Jacob Brown's pasture. Tradition says that 
there were a large number in attendance. The hill has since been 
called Ordination hill. Under the parish system of church man- 
agement, the minister's salary, and all expense for maintaining 
preaching, was paid by the town, by a tax assessed upon the 
property of the whole town, and raised in the same manner as 
other taxes. After this church was formed its supporters were still 
taxed for the maintenance of the parish church, which caused dis- 
satisfaction, and efforts were made to have the town release them 
from paying minister tax after supporting their own meeting. This 
request was denied for a time and considerable feeling was mani- 
fested in the matter upon both sides. A number of times efforts 
were made to have the town exempt them from paying any minister 
tax, but it was ahvays voted in the negative. In 1808 we find the 
following call for a town meeting: 

To Thomas Leavitt one of the justices of the peace in and for the 
County of Eockingham and state of Xew Hampshire Humbly Showeth 
that 3'our petitioners, that they have petitioned the Selectmen of 
Hamilton Falls in wSaid Countj' to call a meeting- of all the legal voters 
of Hampton Falls for the purpose following- Viz. 1st To choose a 
moderator to govern said meeting 

2nd To see if the said meeting will agree to discharge the Congre- 
gational minister tax standing against the Baptist society 

Sd To see if the meeting- will agree that the inhabitants each of 
them have liberty to attend any society they like best, and pay their 
minister tax where they attend only. 

4tJi To i^ass any vote relating to ministerial matters the meeting 
may think proper— And they have refused to do so, Therfore your 
petitioners humbly pray, your Hon. to direct a warrant to the Con- 
stable of said Hampton Falls for the purpose above written 

Hampton Falls April Sth 1808. 

Nathan Brown Dudley Dodge 

Zephaniah Brown Toppan Chase 

Thomas :Moulton Billy Dodge 

John Brown Jacob Brown 



96 HISTORY OF HAMPTON FALLS. 

James Green Caleb Pike 

Jacob Green John H. Dodge 

Jona. Fifield Josiah Pike 

Jereh Gove Jr Nathan Eobie 

Isaac Dodge John Pike 

Isaac Brown William Brown 

This meeting was called by Billy Dodge, constable, and held 
April 25, 1808. The second and third articles were passed in the 
negative. 

At a legal meeting, held on the 11th of June, 1808, it was voted 
to choose an agent or agents to defend the cause commenced against 
Jeremiah Blake, Moses AVells, and Jonathan Cram by AVilliam 
Brown, Xathan Eobie, Jacob Green, and Thomas Leavitt for min- 
ister tax in the year 1806. It was voted that Jeremiah Blake, 
Theophilus Sanborn, and Joseph Perkins be the agents. Jacob 
Brown, John Brown, and Thomas ]\Ioiilton dissented against the 
last two votes. 

It would appear from the following vote that the suit commenced 
against the town above mentioned had been decided in favor of 
those bringing suit, for in 1809 it was "voted not to tax the Baptists 
who shall present certificates before assessment is made the pres- 
ent year for their minister tax." Similar votes Avere passed in the 
years following, until the toleration act was passed in 1818 by the 
legislature, which allowed every one to pay his minister tax where 
he saw tit, leaving it a voluntary matter where and how much any 
person should contribute toward the support of religious meetings, 
and which practically ended the town system. The same thing 
practically was accomplished in Massachusetts in 1T91:. 

The following is the constitution adopted by the society: 

We the undersigned agree to unite ourselves together as a church 
of God and take the Scrijitures as our rule of faith and jjractice — We 
agree to watch for each others spiritual good to admonish each other 
in love and use all possible exertions for building iip each other in our 
most holy faith A clerk shall be chosen by the church whose duty it 
shall be to keep a faithful record of all important transactions. To 
register the names of members received, removed by death withdrawn 
from, dismissed and rejected — Deeming it the duty of churches to 
assemble in conference. We agree to meet on the first Saturday of 
each month, or present a reasonable excuse, and this shall be called 
a church conference in which all the members shall give a relation of 
the state of their minds — We deem it our duty and will use all ijroper 
means to have the Lord's supper administered once each month. We 



HISTORY OF CHURCH AND PARISH. 97 

agree to choose a committee of five persons annually whose duty it 
shall be to oversee the spiritual affairs of the church. New members 
shall be received after giving a reason of hope by a vote of the church 
at any regular church meeting. Elders baptizing without the knowl- 
edge of the church shall be deemed or considered subjects of ad- 
monition. 

This constitution was accepted April 27, 1833. 

Karnes of the brethren and sisters in the First Christian Baptist 
Church in Hampton Falls in 1833: William Brown, Mary Brown, 
Thomas Moulton and wife, Zephaniah Brown and wife, Jacob 
Brown and wife, Thomas Brown and wife, Nathan Moulton and 
wife, Anna Eoby, Abigail Green, Lucy Roby, Widow Janvrin, 
Sarah Moulton, Ann H. Moulton, Ezekiel Gove and wife, Joseph 
Moulton and wife, Charles Gove, Phebe ISTason, Samuel Brown and 
wife, Charles Brown, Eliza Brown, Nancy Green, Eeuben Hardy 
and wife, Nancy Griffin, John True's wife, Hulda Chase, Polly 
Brown, Nathan Pike's wife, John Gove, Abigial Chase, Sarah 
Towle, Caleb Towle's wife, Mary A. Towle, Charles Hardy and wife, 
Daniel Pevear's wife, Samuel Pevear, Lydia Hardy, John Brown's 
wife of Seabrook, ]Ienry Eaton's wife, Seabrook, Miles Evans and 
wife, Seabrook, Charles Ramsdel and wife, Seabrook, Mary Tilton, 
Caroline Tilton, Jacob A. Tilton, Nathaniel D. Tilton, all of Exeter. 

The following was approved March 11, 1833: 

That the First Christian Baptist Society build a house for Said 
Society — The name of the house shall be known, as the First Christian 
Baptist Meeting house. That any person shall have a right to purchase 
a pew or pews at the auction of pews ^vhether they belong to the Society 
or not. — That the pew holders shall have a right to sell or dispose of 
their pews as thej- think proper at an,y time. That the pew holders 
shall keep the house in repair after the house is completed and dedicated 
and the repairs shall be determined by the j^ew holders, and how much 
and what is necessarj\ Each pew shall be entitled to one vote — That 
the house shall be governed by the said society as it may respect occu- 
pying said house. But if there shall be any difficulty arise in said 
society as it respects occupying said house it shall be decided by the 
church within said house. 

October 3, 1835, William Brown, who had been clerk since the 
formation of the society, and its most active and zealous member, 
withdrew from the church and united with the Calvin Baptist 
society. Thomas Brown was chosen clerk and continued in that 
office until his death in May, 1868. From that time to the present 
John J. Brown has been clerk. . \ 



98 mSTORY OF HAMPTON FALLS. 

The new meetiiig-hoiise was Iniilt in 1835 and dedicated soon 
after. Elder Mark Fernald preached the dedication sermon. The 
building committee, or those who furnished the monej", were Jacob 
Brown, Zephaniah BroAvn, and Thomas Moidton. When the house 
was completed they sold what pews there was any demand for, 
and kept the remainder. The nndisj^osed portion of the pews are 
still owned by their descendants, and have never been divided or 
disposed of by them. 

Eev. Daniel P. Pike, a native of this town, was probably the first 
minister ever ordained as ])astor over this chnrch, although there 
is no record of his ordination. He baptized several persons in the 
years 1837 and 1838. After leaving here Mr. Pike removed to 
Newbiiryport, where he organized a large society. He was an ardent 
temperance and philanthropic worker. He continued there until 
his death a few years since. 

Eev. Thomas F. Barry was ordained March 20, 1839, and was its 
pastor for a year or two. 

April 14, 1841, Eev. George M. Payne was ordained as pastor. 
He ]ireached at this time about three years. He ])reached here 
again for a time in 1862 and 1863, and at various other times. Pie 
came here often to attend funerals of members of the church and 
others until the time of his death, about 1882. He has been held 
in fond remembrance by the society as a respected and beloved 
pastor. 

Jeremiah W. ]\[arsh was ordained pastor April 28, 1853, and con- 
tinued for a short time. 

Eevs. James Pierce and A. B. Eeed preached as supplies for a 
year or two. 

Eev. Charles P. Smith was ordained pastor December 1, 1858. 
From that time until 18 T6 the preaching was by supplies. 

February 6, 1876, Eev. Joseph H. Graves Avas chosen pastor of 
the church and continued for two or three years. 

In 1886 Eev. A. H. Martin supplied, and for a year or two after. 
During his ministry the house was repaired and remodeled inside 
after the modern methods. 

For several years past there have been no regular services held in 
this church. Occasionally meetings have been held for a few months 
at a time. The membership of the church has been growing smaller 
for many years, until at present there are but few remaining of 
what once was a strong and vigorous church. Upon the sale of 




ELDER GEORGE MOORE PAINE. 

Pastor of the Christian Baptist Church. 



HISTORY OF CHURCH AND PARISH. 99 

the parsonage property this society received $770.16 for its share, 
which sum is still intact, the interest only having heen nsed for the 
support of preaching. 

Among those Avho preached at different times as supplies, hut 
were not regularly settled, may he mentioned Elders Warren Lin- 
coln, George Pierce, Moses Polly, Tihhets, Hinckley, Asa Merrill, 
and Julius C. Blodgett. 

BAPTIST CHURCH. 

There were a large numher who withdrew from the old church in 
this town early in the present century and estahlished a church 
which was called Baptist. But this so-called Baptist church, while 
having some similarity, differed essentially in doctrine, methods, 
and church government from those called Baptist at the present 
time. Many of the seceders from the old church became known as 
Christian Baptists, in other cases as Freewill Baptists, and still 
others were called Calvin Baptists, hut which are now known sim- 
ply as Baptists. It was from these who were known as Calvin Bap- 
tists that the church in Hampton Falls has grown. Several from 
this town who had professed the Calvinistic faith had held meet- 
ings from time to time, and had become affiliated with the Baptist 
church at Exeter. 

In 1828 eight persons, all named Dodge, were dismissed from 
the church at Exeter, to constitute what was then known as the 
Baptist Church of Seabrook and Hampton Palls. These, with a 
few persons from Seabrook, constituted themselves into a Baptist 
church at the house of Richard Dodge on the evening of October 28, 
1828, and invited Rev. T. P. Ropes to become their pastor. On the 
afternoon of December 2, at the house of Richard Dodge, the church 
was recognized and delegates from the neighboring Baptist churches 
installed the Rev. Mr. Ropes as their pastor. These services were 
held in the old meeting-house in Seabrook, built by the Presbyte- 
rians. Rev. Baron Stow, then of Portsmouth, afterwards settled in 
Boston, preached upon this occasion, and presented the church 
with a Bible which was in constant use until it was destroyed in the 
Academy fire in 1875. Mary and Nancy Dodge presented them 
with a communion service which is still in use. 

From the fall of 1828 imtil the autumn of 1834 they continued 
to worship in the old meeting-house in Seabrook. After this they 



rf-^/^ "'^^.r 'f"9 



100 HISTORY OF HAMPTON FALLS. 

met in the nev: Academy building at Hampton Falls, until the erec- 
tion and completion of the new meeting-house. 

This house was opened for service in September, 1836. Its di- 
mensions were forty and one half feet by sixty-five feet, and its cost 
t}>2,117.58. The building committee were William Brown, Richard 
Dodge, Joseph H. AVeare, Aaron M. Gove, and George H. Dodge. 

In 18.59 the house was repaired and improved at an expense of 
$2,000. The house was slated, and the tower replaced by a spire; 
the high gallery was taken down, the pulpit lowered, the walls 
frescoed, the floor carpeted, and the pews upholstered. The com- 
mittee under whose supervision this work was done were George H. 
Dodge, John "W. Dodge, and Xathan Brown. 

About 1892 the meeting-house was moved back and raised up 
and a vestry built under it. Horse-sheds were erected, which are a 
_great comfort to the horses. Mrs. John "\Y. Dodge presented the 
-church with a bell in memory of her late husband. 

In 1894 John T. Brown, Esq., of Xewburyport presented the 
town with a town clock, which was placed upon the church tower. 

Mr. Ropes continued his pastorate from September, 1828, until 
April, 1830. He was a strong temperance advocate at a time when 
many ministers continued the iise of intoxicating drinks. For the 
next three years the church was supplied by candidates, among them 
Rev. J. W. Poland. In 1836 the church was reported as a strictly 
temperance church. 

Rev. Samuel Cook was pastor from May, 183-5, to April, 1838. 
During his ministry the membership more than doubled. Mr, 
Cook was afterwards chaplain of the Xew Hampshire state prison. 

Rev. Otis Wing came next for two years. Quite a number were 
added during his term. There were baptisms on eight successive 
Sabbaths, Mr. Wing's last settlement was at Xewton Junction, 
where he died in 1897, aged ninety-nine years. At the time of his 
death he was the oldest known Baptist minister. 

Rev. Messrs. Stearns and Briggs, who were each of them at times 
principals of the academy, supplied until 1813. 

In November, 1843, Rev. Zebulon Jones commenced upon the 
longest pastorate yet enjoyed by the church, which terminated in 
18-51. Twenty-six members were added during Mr. Jones's min- 
istry. 

Rev. John E. Wood succeeded for two years. Several were added 
during his ministry. 




REV. ZEBULON JONES. 



Pastor of Baptist Church and Principal of the Rocl<ingham Academy, 1843 to 1851. 



HISTORY OF CHURCH AND PARISH. 101 

Eev. Samuel E. Brown took charge of the church for two years, 
until September, 1856. 

Eev. E. B. Law then succeeded for one year. Eighteen were 
added during his stay, making a membership of ninety-eight, a 
higher number than was ever l^efore reached. 

In 1859 the church was closed for repairs. Twenty-three mem- 
bers were dismissed to form the Seabrook church. 

Eev. Alfred Colburn was pastor until May, 1863. Frank K. 
Stratton supplied until March, 1864; Eev. "William H. Walker from 
1864 until 1867; John M. Driver for one year, to October, 1868. 
The church was closed most of the time until October, 1870, nearly 
two years. Then services were carried on by students and others 
as supplies. 

Eev. Mr. Beaman was settled, in 1872, over the societies of Sea- 
brook and Hampton Falls, and continued until 1876. He was suc- 
ceeded by Eev. 'Mr. Burgess for a number of years, who was suc- 
ceeded by Eev. Charles E. Bailey until 1889. 

Eev. ^Y. ^Y. "Wakeman was settled over both churches (Hampton 
Falls and Seabrook) from 1890 to 1897. Eev. Mr. Snell was set- 
tled in 1897. 

This is the only church in the town which maintains religious ser- 
vices during the entire year, and is active and vigorous in its church 
work. The last surviving original member, Mrs. Miriam Dodge, 
died in Dover in 1879. Among those who in the early days did 
much to lay the foundations of the future prosperity of this church 
may be mentioned William Brown, George H. Dodge, and Eichard 
Dodge. 

THE FIEST COXGEEGATIOXAL SOCIETY OF HAMPTOX 

FALLS. 

The First C*ongregational Society of Hampton Falls was orga- 
nized April 30, 1827, with twenty-nine members, and is a lineal 
descendant of the original church founded in 1712, of which Eevs. 
Theophilus Cotton, Joseph "Whipple, Josiah Bayley, Paine Win- 
gate, Samuel Langdon, and Jacob Abbot were pastors. During 
Mr. Abbot's ministry there was a withdrawal of Baptists from the 
church. At the time of Mr. Abbot's settlement the Congregational 
churches were divided into Arminians and Calvinists. The former 
were not believers in the Trinity, and some other things which the 
Calvinists considered necessary. Mr. Abbot was considered to be- 



102 HISTORY OF HAMPTON FALLS. 

long to the Arminians, and one member of the church objected to 
him on this account at the time of his settlement. This imsound- 
ness of doctrine was one of the reasons nrged by the Baptists as a 
reason for Avithdrawing. Mr. xlbbot was a man very tolerant and 
free in his method of thought for those times. He was pastor of 
the Hampton Falls chnrch for twenty-eight years. Without 
preaching the Unitarianism of today his large charity and spirit 
of free inqniry opened the way for that agitation of the minds of 
the people which soon resulted in the disintegration of the estab- 
lished churches. After the Baptists and Calvinists had gone, there 
was C|uite an exodus from the original church who iniited with those 
from Seabrook and established a society at what is called the ''line." 
After Mr. Abbot was dismissed various ministers were engaged 
without being regularly settled, — Rev. Messrs. Ward, "Whitman, 
Dow, and Jewett. 

Gradually there was a call for more liberal preaching. By the 
withdrawing of those who went to Seabrook, it left the more numer- 
ous and liberal portions of the society in possession of the house, 
records, and name of the society. After the church became Unita- 
rian a new meeting-house was built, about 183S. It is modeled 
after the Greek architecture, and is said to resemljle a Grecian tem- 
ple of the ancient times. 

Eev. Linus Shaw Avas settled for a few years over the society. 
The people were much united in him. 

Rev. Mr. Farley preached for a time. 

December 27, 184:1, Rev. Jacob Caldwell was ordained over the 
societies of Kensington and Hampton Falls. Rev. Andrew P. 
Peabody of Portsmouth preached the ordination sermon. 

Mr. Caldwell was born in Lunenburg, Mass., graduated from Har- 
vard College in 1828, studied theology at Cambridge Divinity School, 
and had, previous to coming here, preached in Calais and Standish, 
in Maine. He had one son, who is now Prof. George C. Caldwell of 
Cornell University, Xew A'ork, and who is one of the most noted 
chemists in the country. Mr. Caldwell's preaching was of the 
practical and earnest kind, which encouraged the people to ad- 
vanced thought without fear of the results, trusting that the truth 
was always safe. During the agitation which attended Rev. Theo- 
dore Parker's first preaching in Boston, Mr. Caldwell, in the spirit 
of Christian tolerance, said he would welcome Mr. Parker to his pul- 
pit. Gradually the society was led and grew into the liberal faith. 



HISTORY OF CHURCH AND PARISH. 103 

Mr. Caldwell died in Lunenburg abont 18SS. Mr. Caldwell was 
the prime mover in the organization of the Ladies' liljrary during his 
residence here. 

He was succeeded by Eev. Increase Sumner Lincoln, who was 
born in Warren, Mass., and was a graduate of Yale College. He 
was installed at Hampton Falls over the churches of Kensington 
and Hampton Falls in 1848. Eev. Thomas T. Stone of Salem, 
Mass., preached the installation sermon. Mr. Lincoln resigned in 
1851. Since then he has preached in Eowe and Warwick, Mass. 
Afterward he preached for a number of years at Wilton, N. H., 
where he died about 1895 at an advanced age. 

Eev. A. M. Bridge succeeded Mr. Lincoln in 1851. He was born 
at Lancaster, Mass., and studied theology at the Cambridge Divinity 
School. He was a man of earnest work and fine culture. He was 
pastor of the church for fourteen years. He died at Marshfieldj 
Mass., in December, 1865. He was buried beside Eev. Dr. Lang- 
don in the old burying yard on the cross road. 

After the death of Mr. Bridge the pulpit was supplied by Eev. 
Everett Finley for two seasons. He belonged to the radical wing 
of Unitarians. 

In 1866 an arrangement was made with the L^nitarian society of 
Exeter to have their minister preach here in the afternoon. This 
practice has continued most of the time since. 

Eev. John C. Learned preached for both societies for a number 
of years, until his removal to St. Louis, Mo., where he died a few 
years since. 

Eev. B. F. McDaniel performed a like service for a number of 
years, as have Thomas F. Nickerson and others. The society in 
Hampton Falls, having become much reduced in numbers, has been 
able of late to hold meetings only a portion of the time, generally 
in the summer months. 

Among the things which have come down to the Unitarian 
church as an inheritance from the church established in Hampton 
tails in 1712, are three silver communion cups. The inscription 
upon one of them shows that they were presented to the church by 
Eev. Theophilus Cotton, the first minister, in 1726, which was the 
year he died. 

In 1832 it was voted to sell the parsonage property. The house 
and field were purchased by Wells Healey, the pasture by Moses 
Batchelder. It was voted to divide the proceeds from the sale of 



104 HISTORY OF HAMPTON FALLS. 

the parsonage property among tlie several religious societies — Con- 
gregationalists, Universalists, and the two Baptist societies — accord- 
ing to their polls and estates. Any person not a member of either 
could designate which should receive his share. The Christian 
Baptist society still have their portion invested, and have used the 
interest for the support of preaching. The parsonage property sold 
for $2,91-i.45. 

After Mr. Healey purchased the parsonage house and building 
they were repaired and put in good condition. Such of the Uni- 
tarian ministers as had families generally lived there. Among 
them were the Eev. Messrs. Shaw, Farley, Caldwell, Lincoln, and 
Rev. A. M. Bridge, who was living there when the house was burned 
in 1858. 

Soon there was a demand that the old meeting-house should be 
remodeled into a town house, or be demolished. At the annual 
meeting in 1840 a committee was chosen to make inquiry as to whom 
the old meeting-house belonged, and to see if the town had a right 
to dispose of it, and report at the next town meeting. 

In the warrant for the annual town meting, 1842, was the fol- 
lowing article: 

To see if the town will vote to convert the old Congregational meet- 
ing house into a smaller or more convenient house for doing the busi- 
ness of the town, to be called the town house. If not to see if the town 
will vote to sell the old meeting house, the f)roceeds therof to be appro- 
priated in building a new town house. If neither of the above propo- 
sitions pass in the affirmative — To see if the town will vote to raise 
money for the purpose of building a town house on the common near 
where the old meeting house now stands. 

At the meeting it was voted to sell the town's right in the old 
meeting-house. "Wells Healey, Jeremiah Lane, and George H. 
Dodge were a committee to carry the above vote into effect and to 
choose a disinterested committee of two persons to aj^praise the 
pews and settle with the pew holders. The house was torn down, 

A special town meeting was called May 2, 1842, "to see if the 
town will vote to use the old meeting-house stuff now lying neax 
the place where it formerly stood for the building of a town house, 
so far as it will go, in accomplishing said building and to raise 
money in addition thereto to finish the same." 

The meeting was called out of doors, near where the old meeting- 
house formerlv stood. The day was stormv and few were in attend- 




REV. A. M. BRIDGE. 

Pastor of the Unitarian Church, 1851 — 1855, 



Ti>-f 



HISTORY OF CHURCH AND PARISH. 105 

ance. It was voted to pass over the article and dissolve the meet- 
ing. The stiifl; was sold at auction in lots l^ringing $88.50. 

The prejudice against this honse seems never to have been en- 
tirely done away with. A nnmber of attempts were made in town 
meeting to vote money for repairs, which were always decided in 
the negative. 

It is mnch to he regretted that this honse was destroyed. It 
would at the present time be highly valued. The meeting-houses 
built about the same time, and of a similar style of construction, at 
Eocky hill, in Salisbury, Mass., and at Fremont and Sandown are 
visited annually by thousands who view them with veneration and 
regard them as sacred mementos of the past. 

At the annual town meeting in 1845, — 

Voted to accei^t the following- proj)o.sal. To see if the town will 
vote to sell Wells W. Healej', the piece of land where the old meeting- 
house stood making- a straight line by the road from the corner of 
Wells Healey's land to land of Thomas Brown, and authorize a valid 
deed to be given of the same, on the following conditions Viz That he 
pay the town treasiuy fifty dollars, provide a suitable i^lace, near, and 
remove the pound, and Wells Healey, giving the town a bond, bind- 
ing, himself, his heirs, and assigns, to convey by deed, sufficient land 
on the opposite side of the road half way between the meeting liouso 
and the parsonage house so called, to erect a town house, or a school 
house or both, when wanted by the town for that purpose which con- 
dition he agrees to, according to the above proposal 

DIVISION OF PARSONAGE MONEY. 

We the subscribers do voluntarily agree and give our proportion 
of money received from the sales of the parsonage of Hampton falls 
Sold by the Selectmen on March 30*^ 1832, to be a public fund for the 
use and benefit of the Congregational Society in Said Hampton falLs 

Hampton Falls October 1, 1832. 

Luke Averill Henry Eobie 

Moses Batch elder Aaron Merrill 

Wells Healey Abigail Lang. 

Weare D. Tilton Levi Sanborn 

T»olly Dow Caleb Tilton 
Nancy Green for Stephen Green Sherburn W. Rand 

Ebeneazer Tilton ]Mathew Merrium 

Peter Tilton Aaron Merrill Jr 

Heirs of Peter Tilton Esqr Thayer S. Sanborn 

Jonathan Cram Molly Blake 

Elisebeth Sanborn Joseph Akerman 



106 



HISTORY OF HAMPTON FALLS. 



Elizabeth Sanborn 
Rebecca F. Cram 
Abuer Sanborn 
John P. Sanborn 
Polly Prescott 
Heirs of Josiah Prescott 
Simeon Prescott 
James Prescott 
True M. Prescott 
Aaron Prescott 
Reuben Batchelder 
Robert S. Prescott 
Jeremiah Lane 



Jonathan Xason 
Levi Lane 
Dearborn Lane 
Heirs Jeremiah Blake 
Joshua Pike 
Jeremiah Godfrey 
Michael T. Prescott 
Josiah Batchelder 
Rev. Moses Dow 
Moses A. Dow 
Caleb Tilton for 
Eastern Stage Company 



Amount received $1154.91. Receipted for by Len-i Lane Reuben 
Batchelder & Peter Tilton, Assessors of Said Society. 

The following gave their proportion for the use and benefit 
of the First Christian Baptist Society: 



Jacob Brown 
Thomas Brown 
Zephaniah Brown 
Mary Brown 
Samuel Brown 
Nancy Green 
Thomas Moulton 
Joseph Moulton 
Nathan Moulton 
Nathan Robie 
Richard C. Marsh. 
Charles C Gove 
David Janvrin 
John B. Brown 
Joseph C. Brown 
Richard Morrill 
John Gove 



Green Hardy 
Daniel Pervear 
Ezekiel Gove 
John Chase 
Reuben Hardy. 
Caleb Towle 
John Marshall 
Nathan Pike 
James Page 
Caleb Edgerly 
Charles Hardy 
Enoch Blake 
Charles Chase 
John True 
Jacob Gove 
Nathan Brown 
William Brown 



Amount received $770.22. Receipted for bj- Jacob Brown Nathan 
Moulton & Thomas Brown, Wardens of Said Society 



The following gave their proportion to the First Baptist Society: 



Daniel Pervear Jr 
John Weare 
Aaron M. Gove 
Nathaniel Perkins 
Richard Dodge 
George H. Dodge 



Jacob Dodge 
Dudley Dodge 
Stephen Dodge 
Chevey Chase 
Heirs of Billy Dodge 



HISTORY OF CHURCH AND PARISH. 107 

Amount received $351.77 — Eeceipted for by Richard Dodge Treasurer 
of said Societj' 

The following gave their proportion for the use and benefit of the 
Universalist Society of Hampton Falls: 

Jacob Perkins Joseph Melcher 

Aaron Sanborn Frederick Brown 

Moses Wells Mary Brown 

Josiah Brown Nathaniel Healey 

Joseph Sanborn John Brown 

Caleb Knight William Wadleigh 

Josej)h Cram Thomas Leavitt 

John Brown 3d David Chase 

Levi Brown Benjamin Sanborn 

Sewell Brown Abraham Dow 

Levi Brown Jr Christoph T. Chase 

Josiah Page George Janvrin 

Tappan Chase Joshua Janvrin 
Joseph H. Melcher 

Amount received $637.45 Receii^ted for by Josiah Sanborn, Treas- 
urer of Said Society 

SEATIXG THE MEETIXG-HOUSE. 

Some descri]:)tion of this practice may not be out of place to 
inform the reader at the present time something of the methods: 

The practice of seating the meeting-house appears to have been 
done away l)efore the Falls church was organized. A committee 
was chosen with instructions how to seat the inhabitants. A com- 
mittee was also chosen to seat this committee, so that there should 
be no fault found that the committee had chosen the best seats 
for themselves. There were few pews in the churches and the 
congregation had seats assigned them upon the rude benches, at the 
annual town meeting, according to their age, importance, and social 
standing. A person Avas fined for occupying a seat assigned to 
another. Pride, envy, and jealousy were active passions among the 
people of the olden times, and it was a delicate and difficult matter 
to "seat the meeting-house," as it was quaintly called. Some towns 
had a code of rules which were in use to assist in assigning the seats, 
two of which were "That every male be allowed one degree for 
every complete year of age he exceeds twenty-one (not to be applied 
to unmarried women)," and "That some suitable abatement be made 
where it is well known the person is grefltly in debt." 



108 HISTORY OF HAMPTON FALLS. 

TITHIXG-MEX. 

By an act passed in I'M 5, tithing-men were annually chosen, 
whose duty it was to inspect all licensed houses and inform of all 
disorders to a justice of the peace, and inform of all cursers and 
swearers. 

By an act passed in 1799, all lahor and recreation, traveling, and 
rudeness at ^^laces of public worship on the Lord's day Avere for- 
bidden. The tithing-men had power to command assistance and 
forcibly detain all travelers imless they could give a good and 
sufficient reason for the necessity of traveling. This act was quite 
generally enforced until about 1825, when the custom of arresting 
persons for traveling on the Lord's day became obsolete. He was 
also to keep good order during divine service. He was an effectual 
terror to all juvenile church-goers. 

As a badge of his office the tithing-man carried a black staff 
two feet long, tipped at one end for about three inches with brass 
or pewter; at the other end was sometimes attached a fox-tail. 
Any of the brothers who were found asleep during the service were 
touched with the hard end of the staff. Sometimes this was not 
kindly received. An instance is related, which occurred in this 
town, where the minister, observing one of the prominent brotiiers 
asleep, paused in his sermon and asked to have some one wake 
him, calling him by name. The brother thus wakened did not sleep 
in his efforts until the minister was dismissed. If any of the sisters 
were found asleep, the tithing-man drew the fox-tail lightly over 
their faces, thus gently awakening them from their slumber. 
Eoguish boys sometimes received heroic treatment after the service. 
These things would seem to indicate that there has been a great im- 
provement in behavior since those days. Xathan Pike was said to 
have been ver}' stern with the boys who attended church at the little 
Christian Baptist chapel, which stood near the site of the town 
house. The tithing-man, who in the early days was an important 
personage, gradually became less so. It became a nominal office. 
For many years one was chosen for each meeting-house, at the town 
meeting, until about 185-1, when the office was by common consent 
discontinued. 

In Xewbury, Mass., as early as 1679, fourteen tithing-men were 
appointed whose specific duty it was to have charge of ten families 




n 



s,^* I 




LEVI LANE, ESQ. 
1774-1864. 

Prominent in town nnatters and in the Unitarian Church, 



HISTORY OF CHURCH AND PARISH. 109 

living in the same neigiiborliood, being classed for the iDurpose by 
the selectmen. The following form of appointment was used: 

Dea. Abraham Merrill, You are hereby required to take notice 
that 3'ou are chosen according- to Court order by the Selectmen to 
bee a tything-men to have inspection into and look over these families 
that they attend the Public worship of God and do not break the 
Sabbath and further you are to attend as the Coiirt order declares — 
[Here follow the names of the families committed to his charge.] 

By order of the Selectmen 

ANTHONY SOMERBY, 

Recorder 

The tithing-men were to report any irregular conduct on the 
part of any persons in the families assigned to them. 

A SEEMO?^, 

Delivkred August 15, 1798, at the Ordination of the Eev. 
Jacob Abbot to the Pastoral Office oyer the Church and 
Society in Hampton Falls, by Abel Fiske, A. M., Pastor 
OF THE Church in AA'ilton, jST. H. 

If any man speak, let him speak as the oracles of God. I Peter 
iv, 11. 

That gi-eat benevolent Being, of whom and through whom and 
to Avhom are all things, hath in a wonderful and discriminating 
manner exhibited his goodness to the huihan race. While the 
angels, who kept not their first estate, are reserved in chains, under 
darkness, to the judgment of the great day, we may receive it, as 
a faithful saying and worthy of all acceptation, that God hath not 
sent his Son into the world to condemn the world, but that the 
world through him might be saved. Even so. Father, for so it 
seemed good in thy sight. It hath not only ^^leased God, who is 
an absolute Sovereign, and who is good and doeth good, to collect 
from the ruin of human apostasy a church unto himself, which shall 
be to the praise of his grace while immortality endures; but he hath 
made many glorious and interesting promises respecting it, and 
conferred upon it many signal privileges and blessings. 

Among the numerous expressions of his goodness, and of his 
provident cai-e for the instruction and moral improvement of men, 
we notice the institution of the Christian ministry. That promise, 
"I will give you pastors according to mine own heart, which shall 



110 HISTORY OF HAMPTON FALLS. 

feed with knowledge and nnderstanding," is a promise which 
breathes a spirit of good will to men. Pastors and teachers are 
among those gifts Avhieh Christ, when he led captivity captive, re- 
ceived and gave to men for the perfecting of the saints, for the 
work of the ministry, for the edifying of the hody of Christ. And 
those, whose minds are impressed with a due sense of the impor- 
tance of divine and spiritual things, will he ready to express the 
grateful and devout feelings of their hearts in language like the 
following: How beautiful are the feet of them that preach the 
gospel of peace, and bring glad tidings of good things. The sphere 
in which ministers of religion move is honorable and important. 
Their work is a good work. They are not left to make a random 
steerage through life nor to propagate schemes and sentiments of 
their own. They act as ambassadors; they prove their instructions 
communicated to them, and they are to preach not themselves, but 
Christ Jesus the Lord. The words of the text are peculiarly appli- 
cable to them: "If any man speak, let him speak as the oracles of 
God." 

In the following discourse, some notice will l)e taken of the supe- 
rior excellence of the oracles of God above all other writings; of the 
duty of ministers in their preaching to adhere to the principles and 
influences of divine revelation; of the motives which should influ- 
ence them to fidelity, and of the unreasonableness of finding fault 
with preachers, when they speak as the oracles of God. 

•Let us notice the saiperior excellence of the oracles of God above 
all other writings. 

By oracles of God we may understand that system of truths, of 
doctrines and moral instructions contained in the scriptures of the 
old and new Testaments. What writings or compositions give 
such rational, sublime, and exalted views of the perfections and 
attributes of Deity, and of the nature, extent, and importance 
of moral virtue? They show to man what is good. They direct 
him in his most important interests and concerns. They are 
a competent rule of faith and practice. They respect not only 
a man's external deportment but the heart. They inculcate the 
purest views and sincerity untainted with the least mixture of 
hypocrisy. The motives, also, by which they enforce the prac- 
tice of these things which are true, honest, just, pure, lovely, and of 
good report are great and glorious. 



HISTORY OF CHURCH AND PARISH. IH 

In allusion to the light and privileges of divine revelation. ]\Ioses 
inquires, with transports of admiration and Joy, "What nation is 
there so great, who hath God so nigh nnto them, as the Lord our 
God is in all things that we call upon him for? And what nation 
is there so great, that hath statutes and judgments so righteous, as 
all this law which I set before you this day?*' And says St. Paul to 
Timothy, "All scripture is given l)y inspiration of God, and is 
profitable for doctrine, for reproof, for correction, for instruction 
in righteousness; that the man of God may be perfect, thoroughly 
furnished unto all good works." 

It is most certain that, if mankind were united in a belief of the 
doctrines which are pointed out in the sacred oracles, and Avere 
influenced by the rules and maxims of nioral conduct there pre- 
scribed, social order and happiness woidd he greatly promoted. 
God would be worshiped in spirit and in truth. ]\Ien would live 
like a band of brothers, and their imion, harmony, and love would 
be like the dew of Hermon, and as the dew that descended upon 
the mountains of Zion. Those hostile passions, which agitate the 
world with contentions and animosity, with bloodshed and deso- 
lation would be suppressed. The hearts of men would universally 
glow with piety, generosity, and kindness. The wolf and the lamb 
would lie down together, and there would be nothing to hurt or 
destroy in all the holy mountain. Rulers would be just men, rul- 
ing in the fear of God. Subjects would lead quiet and peaceable 
lives in all godliness and honesty. Parents and children, masters 
and servants, and persons in all the various connexions of life would 
perforin the duties incumbent on them with mutual readiness and 
delight. In short, their feet would be guided in the way of peace 
here, and a blissful immortality would await them when called to 
quit their present and enter upon a new mode of existence. 

This leads me to remark that there is, among other things, this 
superior excellence in the oracles of God above all other writings; 
they Ijring into view the mediatorial kingdom of Jesus Christ; 
they aiford light and comfort where other writings can only deal 
in uncertain conjecture. The oracles of God illuminate the dark 
valley of the shadow of death. They exhibit life and immortality 
to view, and give the fullest assurance to such as believe the report 
of the gospel, and submit to its great practical design that, though 
their earthly house of this tabernacle were dissolved they shall 



112 HISTORY OF HAMPTON FALLS. 

inhabit a building of God, an house not made with hands, and 
receive a crown of life and glory, which fadeth not away. 

It seems that, if men would, with seriousness, candor, and im- 
partiality, examine the internal and external evidence of the truth 
and authenticity of the holy scriptures, the numerous considerations 
that might be produced to evince their divine original, the nature 
of the doctrines taught, the excellence of the instructions given, 
the miracles wrought in testimony of the truth of the divine mis- 
sion of those who were employed as messengers or pul)lishers of the 
system, and the fulfillment of the numerous predictions interspersed 
here and there through the sacred volume, they, instead of being 
ashamed of the gospel of Christ, would pronounce those happy — 
happy in respect to time, and happy in respect to eternity — who 
are built upon the foundation of the Apostles and Prophets, Jesus 
Christ being the chief corner-stone. 

But however true, important, and interesting revealed religion 
is, yet its progress and influence have been obstructed by a spirit 
of infidelity. Men have come forward with their objections, and 
taken the field with all the aid which wit and satire could afford. 
But their objections have been so satisfactorily answered, and the 
mists which their satirical talents had raised to conceal the truth so 
thoroughly dissijjated, that the faith of many, instead of being 
shal^en, hath collected new strength. 

Bishop Watson, in a late reply to one of the opposers of revealed 
religion, says, "^\'hat I blame you for is this, that you have at- 
tempted to lessen the authority of the Bible by ridicule more than 
b}' reason; that you have brought forward every petty objection 
which your ingenuity could discover, or your industry pick up from 
the writings of others, and without taking any notice of the answers 
Avhich have been repeatedly given to these objections, you urge and 
enforce them as if they were new. There is some novelty, at least, 
in your manner, for you go beyoad all others in boldness of asser- 
tion and in profaneness of argumentation."' 

The author, on whose publication the Bishop makes his strictures, 
remarks, "Should the Bible and Testament hereafter fall, it is not I 
that have been the occasion."' To which he replies, ''You look, I 
think, upon your production with a parent's partial eye, when you 
speak of it with such a style of self-complacency. The Bible, sir, has 
withstood the learning of Porjjhyry and the power of Julian, to say 
nothing of the Manichean Faustus; it has resisted the genius of 



HISTORY OF CHURCH AND PARISH. 113 

Bolingbroke and the wit of A^oltaire, to say nothing- of a numerous 
herd of inferior assailants, and it will not fall by your force. You 
have barbed anew the blunted arrows of former adversaries; you 
have feathered them with blasphemy and ridicule, dipped them in 
your deadliest poison, aimed them with your utmost skill, shot 
them against the shield of faith with your utmost vigor: but, like 
the feeble javelin of aged Priam, they will scarcely reach the mark, 
will fall to the ground without a stroke." 

We pass on to notice the duty of ministers, in their preaching, 
to adhere to the principles and instructions of divine revelation. 

If ministers were to preach for doctrines the commandments of 
men, or were they to advance a system of faith and practice which 
does not comport with the oracles of God, they would prevent the 
end and design of their ofhce. They are not sent forth to preach 
or propagate a new religion, but to explain and enforce the religion 
which is contained in the word of God. If the religion which the 
ministers of Christ preach appears new to others, it is not a novelty 
which they have invented. 

When the prophets of old were sent forth to proclaim important 
messages to men, they spake as they were moved by the Holy 
Ghost, and their errand was commonly sanctioned with words to 
this effect: Thus saith the Lord. AMien they were sent forth as 
prophets or teachers of men, it was the will or message of God which 
they were to proclaim. The Prophet that hath a dream, let him 
tell a dream, and he that hath my word, let him speak my word 
faithfully; what is the chaff to the wheat? saith the Lord. The 
following are the words addressed to Ezekiel: "Son of man, I have 
made thee a watchman unto the house of Israel; therefore hear the 
word at my mouth, and give them warning from me. And thou 
shalt speak my words, whether they will hear, or whether they will 
forbear." AVhen Christ sent forth his Apostles to ]3reach the 
gospel among nations, he directed them what to do and, among 
other things, said, "Teaching them to oljserve all things whatsoever 
I have commanded you." He had instructed them in the nature 
and design of his kingdom, and these instructions were to be the 
invariable rule of their preaching. And they were viewed by those 
who received their message as servants of the most high God, who 
shewed to men the way of salvation. Hence Paul and Sylvanus 
and Timotheus, in an epistle to the Thessalonians, say, "For this 
cause also thank we God without ceasing, because when ye receive 



114 HISTORY OF HAMPTON FALLS. 

the word of God which ye heard of iis ve received it not as the 
word of men, but as it is, in truth, the word of God, which etTectu- 
ally worketh also in yon that beHeve." It was the business of the 
Apostles, who were sent forth to propagate the Christian system, to 
declare such things as they had heard, as they had seen with their 
eyes, had looked upon, and their hands had handled of the word of 
life. So fully persuaded were they of their fidelity in pursuing the 
instructions wdiich w^ere given them that Paul, in his epistle to the 
Galatians, does not hesitate to say, "But though we, or an angel 
from heaven, preach any other gospel unto you than that Avhich 
we have preached unto you, let him be accursed.*" 

If it were the duty of the prophets of old and of the Apostles of 
Christ to conform, in their messages to men, to the divine instruc- 
tions which they had received, we may with equal reason conclude 
that it is the duty of ministers, at the present day, to adhere in their 
preaching to the principles and instructions of divine revelation. 
And unless this be the case wath them we do not hesitate to say 
that they cannot be considered as good ministers of Christ and 
faithful stewards of the ministers of God. 

If this be true, perhaps it may be thought by some that the 
task of ministers is light and easy; but to be able to understand the 
meaning and import of jaarticular places in scripture, to illustrate 
the connexion, harmony, and consistency of its several j^arts, to 
defend the gospel against the attacks of infidels, and to convince 
or stop the mouths of gainsayers, to know how to apply the rules 
and directions of scripture to the state of society or of particular 
individuals, rightly to divide the word of truth so as to give every 
man his portion in due season, or to be as a scribe well instructed 
unto the kingdom of heaven, who can with care and pertinency 
bring out of his treasure things new and old, a minister must give 
himself to reading, meditation, and j^rayer. These things will 
require diligent application and laborious researches after the truth. 

It will be an object with ministers to inspire their hearers with 
rational, consistent, and adoring views of the being, perfections,, 
and government of God, of the character of Jesus Christ, and of 
the offices of the Holy Spirit; to give a just statement of the doc- 
trines of free grace, and of the necessity and importance of holiness,, 
of man's weakness and insufficiency, and of tendered aid and assist- 
ance; to solve the doubting, to cheer the sorrowful, and to animate 
the believer in ways of well doing. In short, they will endeavor 



HISTORY OF CHURCH AND PARISH. 115 

to make sueli a just statement of the reasonableness and importance 
of religion, and of the rewards annexed to a virtuons and obedient 
life, a life consecrated to the service of Deity, and the nature and 
consequence of sin and impenitency as shall move their hearers 
who duly regard things in their connexion and real importance 
to avoid that which is evil, and to cleave to that which is good; 
that so they may be profitable to the flock over which tlie Holy 
Ghost has made them overseers, and be instrumental of their pro- 
gression in knowledge and spiritual perfection. 

We proceed to suggest some motives which should influence them 
to fidelity. 

The favor and continued regard of the people, among whom they 
labor in word and do.ctrine, should be a motive with ministers to be 
faithful. When peo})le have reason to view ministers as unfaith- 
ful, or as withholding the necessary word of admonition and re- 
proof, through fear of giving offense, will they not be apt to despise 
such ministers, and treat them with contempt? On the contrary, 
are ministers prudent and faithful, desirous to promote the in- 
struction and moral improvement of their hearers, to promote the 
good order and real happiness of the people among whom they 
reside as public teachers of religion, will not they be generally 
respected though duty may sometimes call them to exhibit truth in 
such a point of light as to excite a sudden temporary irritation? 

Another motive to fidelity in the ministerial office is the hope, 
or prospect, of being useful to the souls of men, being instrumental 
of advancing the cause of religion, and of building up the Eedeem- 
er's kingdom in the world. Though ministers may have reason to 
complain that their labors are too unsuccessful, yet they are often 
instrumental of doing good. And if they can entertain the hope 
that they shall be the means of diffusing useful knowledge, of stir- 
ring up the pure mind by way of remembrance, of checking the 
progress of vice, and of prevailing with any to pay a serious attention 
to the great salvation which the gospel proposes, they should be 
animated to faithful exertions. If ministers see and feel the im- 
portance of religion, it must give them peculiar joy and satisfaction 
to find that those committed to their care regard the things which 
belong to their peace, and walk in the truth. 

It may also be suggested that if ministers be faithful they have 
reason to hope that Christ will be with them, and that his grace 
will be sufficient for them. This thought should encourage and 



116 HISTORY OF HAMPTON FALLS. 

quicken them amidst all their trials and difficnlties, amidst all 
their labors and services. 

"We add that a consideration of the approbation and reward Avhich 
faithful ministers will receive from their divine Loid and ]\Iaster 
should move those who enter upon the office to be faithful in the 
discharge of the duties of it. And if they may but finish their 
course with joy and, when the Chief Shepherd shall appear, receive 
a crown of glory which fadeth not away, they should not count even 
their lives dear to themselves; they should be willing to spend and 
be spent in the service of souls and the Eedeemer. And such will 
be the lot of the faithful ministers of Christ, whether they be suc- 
cessful or not. 

Gloomy will be the case and aggravated the condemnation of 
ministers if, after they have preached to others, if, after all the means 
and advantages of knowledge and happiness they have enjoyed, 
they themselves should be cast-aways. But it is to be hoped that 
love to God, to the Eedeemer, and to the souls of men will stim- 
ulate the sacerdotal order to take heed to the ministry which they 
have received in the Lord, that they fulfill it, and that in so doing 
they may save both themselves and those who hear them. 

Let us now just hint at the unreasonableness and danger of 
finding fault with preachers, Avhen they speak as the oracles of 
God. 

Ministers do not claim dominion over the faith of men, but they 
wish to be helpers of their joy. It is their aim to exhibit truth, 
and they appeal to the judgment and understanding of those whom 
they address as to the propriety and importance of what they say. 
They often meet with those who in some respects differ with them 
in opinion, but who are possessed of noble, generous, and candid 
minds. ISTo fearful apprehensions are to be entertained respecting 
men of this description, but they are sometimes called to deal with 
unreasonable men, men of corrupt minds, men who love darkness 
rather than light, and who are luiwilling to have the truth exhib- 
ited. But shall ministers be considered as enemies because they 
tell you the truth, and truth which is of a serious, interesting, and 
infinitely important nature? Do they anything more than duty 
calls them to do? And if they speak as the oracles of God, is it 
not unreasonable to blame, to fault them? 

Moti^'es or designs are often unjustly imputed to ministers. They 
conceive it to be their duty to hold up vice to view in its odious na- 



HISTORY OF CHURCH AND PARISH. 117 

tiire and dreadful tendency. And it is not unnsnal for offenses to be 
noticed of which some of their hearers may have been guilty, and 
perhaps recently. Such individuals consider themselves as particu- 
larly pointed at, and others think the same, whereas the ministers 
themselves had not the most distant idea of the applicability of the 
remarks to those who made the particular application; and should 
they in consequence of such things meet with any kind of abuse 
or disrespect, would it not be without any just foundation? To find 
fault when they speak as the oracles of God betrays an ignorant 
head or a perverse heart. It is dangerous as Avell as unreasonable. 
It is in effect to find fault with the system of God's moral govern- 
ment, and if men be not reconciled to God's moral government, if 
they disregard his messages and set at naught all his counsel and 
reproof, they shall eat of the fruit of their own way and be filled with 
their own devices. They may, when perhaps it is forever too late, 
be ready to lament and say. How have we hated instruction and our 
hearts despised reproof, and have not obeyed the voice of our teach- 
ers nor inclined our ear to them who instructed us. 

IMPROVEMEN'T. 

If the preceding observations have truth and propriety for their 
basis, then we may infer that those who wish to lessen the credit 
and destroy the influence of revealed religion may be ranked among 
the most dangerous enemies of mankind. They oppose a system 
which is truly benevolent, which is friendly to the rights of man, 
friendly to the order, peace, and happiness of society; friendly to 
rulers; friendly to subjects; friendly to the rich; friendly to the 
poor; friendly in respect to time, and friendly in respect to eternity. 
How much then is it to be lamented that any should represent the 
Christian system only as a cunningly devised fable and employ their 
wit and talents to bring the scriptures of the old and new Testa- 
ments into contempt. And can it be Avondered that those who are 
set for the defense of the gospel, and to keep up in the world a 
knowledge of and belief in the doctrines and duties of revealed 
religion, should display great zeal and peculiar concern at this day 
of darkness and spreading infidelity ? 

Who will be so uncandid as to impute our zeal and concern to 
an anxiety about a temporal support ? Though some of us who have 
borne the burden and heat of the day, who find ourselves greatly 



118 HISTORY OF HAMPTON FALLS. 

enervated by a studious, sedentaiT life, miaht by being driven from 
our otfiee and employment, be left in a pitifnl condition; yet others 
of ns could mingle with our fellow citizens in the common pursuits 
and occupations of life and stand an equal chance with them to 
gain a comfortable subsistence. But, alas I what would be the state 
of society if certain renovating, demoralizing principles which are 
exhibited on the theatre of the East should spread among us? 
What means to acquire property or what security in the possession? 
And who would there be to defend the honor and chastity of our 
wives and of our daughters? Perhaps the husband, the father 
might be the helpless spectator of the infamy and ruin of his wife, 
of his daughter. And how would our beloved offspring be edu- 
cated? Instead of seeing our sons as plants grown up in their 
youth, and our daughters as corner-stones, polished after the simil- 
itude of a palace, we might expect to see them stimulated by pre- 
cept and example in all the jnirsuits of violence, rapine, debauchery, 
and blasphemy. 

Though we do not profess to discard the propriety of this idea, 
that those who preach the gospel should live of the gospel, yet our 
zeal and concern at the present day do not originate from an anxi- 
ety about a temporal support. We tremble for the ark of God, for 
the cause of religion. Our zeal and concern have the glory of God, 
the peace and prosperity of societ}-, and the present and future 
hapjDiness of our fellow men for their object. And may we be im- 
proved as the instruments of carrying the benevolent designs of 
revealed religion into effect, so that we may see those with whom 
we are concerned walking in the truth, walking in wisdom's Avays, 
walking in that narrow path which leadeth to life everlasting. 

On this occasion, my fathers and brethren in the ministry will 
permit a word of congratulation and exhortation. 

Amidst all the revolutions and anarchy of the present eventful 
day, we behold with pleasure that the altars of God which have 
been erected in our land, instead of being demolished, stand re- 
spected, and that on days consecrated for social worship, instead 
of seeing our temples deserted and the walls left bare, there are 
more or less in all our towns whose breasts glow with piety and 
delight when it is said, '"Let us go into the house of the Lord." 
These things should not only excite our gratitude, but quicken us 
in our endeavors to promote the instruction and moral improve- 
ment of those who favor us with their presence and attention. 



HISTORY OF CHURCH AND PARISH. 119 

May we ever speak as the oracles of God, and instead of having 
the mortification to see our people desert our ministry and wander 
forth in the paths of error and delusion, may we have the happiness 
to see that they obey from the heart that form of doctrine which 
is taught by the spirit of inspiration. Thus may we and they be 
united in the duties and services assigned us here, and be forever 
happy together hereafter in mansions of prepared glory and 
blessedness. 

My respected young friend who is this day to be separated unto 
the work of the gospel ministry, whereunto he is called, claims 
my attention. 

Dear sir, that you have been privileged with a birth and educa- 
tion in a land of gospel light, that from a child you have known 
the holy scriptures, that you have descended from parents whose 
great aim has been to instil into the minds of their offspring an 
early sense of the importance of religion, and Avho have had both 
an inclination and ability to favor you with many literary advan- 
tages are considerations which justly demand your grateful acknowl- 
edgments, and since you are disposed, at this day of prevailing dis- 
sijjation and infidelity, to devote yourself to the service of God, in 
the gospel of his Son, may it not be viewed as an unequivocal proof 
of this pleasing hope, that you choose rather to suffer affliction with 
the people of God than to enjoy the pleasures of sin for a season? 
No wonder this should be the case if you have a due respect unto 
the recomjiense of reward. 

The work to Avhich you are this day to be separated is arduous 
and pleasing, laborious and useful, solemn and joyful. In order 
that you may not wound the feelings of your friends and acquain- 
tance, disappoint the hopes and expectations of the Christian soci- 
ety in this place, and fail of the divine approbation, be careful 
in your ministrations to speak as the oracles of God. Search the 
scriptures, and may God open your understanding, that you may 
understand them. They point out your duty and your reward. 

To declare the whole counsel of God, and to keep back nothing 
which may be profitable to your people, will require much atten- 
tion, care, and diligence. But you are to remember that the whole 
of your duty does not respect the pulpit. You may be profited and 
highly profit your people in private conversation, and if you wish 
to have your preaching produce a good moral effect upon their life 
and conversation, be careful to recommend everything commendable 



120 HISTORY OF HAMPTON FALLS. 

and praisewortliY by your own deportment. Be an example nnto 
the flock in all the oreat duties of piety and philanthropy. Let 
it he yonr aim to regnlate your o'wn conduct by the doctrines and 
moral instructions which you dispense to others. This is necessary 
to the peace and quiet of your own mind, and without it how can 
3'ou promise yourself success? Though your preaching he ever so 
good, yet if your life betray the wicked man, the wolf in sheep's 
clothing, you -will injure the cause which you ha^'e professedly ad- 
vocated and contempt and infamy will be your lot. But we hope 
better things of you; things which will evince your regard for the 
honor and interest of religion, your love to the Eedeemer and to 
the souls of men. 

Your mind is, doubtless, impressed with a solemnizing view of 
the transactions of this day. and of the great trust to be committed 
to you, but is not your heart, in some measure, cheered by the follow- 
ing language of divine consolation? "^'Lo I am with you; my grace is 
sufficient for you.'' 

Dear sir. accept my best wishes for your present and fiiture hap- 
piness. I commend you to God and to the word of his grace, which 
is able to conduct you witli honor and success through your min- 
istry. May you be a faithful watchman, a good soldier of Jesus 
Christ. !May you not only speak as the oracles of God, but dis- 
pense the ordinances of the gospel with fitness and propriety; keep 
up the discipline of God's house; visit your people usefully and 
profitably, and having won many souls to Christ may you finally 
receive from your divine Master that transporting eulog}', "Well 
done, good and faithful servant, enter thou into the jov of thy 
Lord." 

Brethren and friends of the Christian Societij in this place: The 
external indications of regard for religion, and of respect for the 
Christian ministry which you have exhibited, will do you honor 
and afford you many comfortable reflections, if they flow from a 
corresponding tem])er and are the outward expressions of the inward 
feelings of the heart. 

In the course of al)out eight}'-six years and seven months, the 
people in this place have been favored with the settled ministry 
about seventy-eight years and nine months. That you, for such a 
course of years, should be in a situation to enjoy the regular stated 
administration of the divine ordinances is a consideration Avhich 
should excite a tribute of praise to Him who walketh in the midst 
of the golden candlesticks, and holdeth the stars in his rio-ht hand. 



HISTORY OF CHURCH AND PARISH. 121 

But amidst all the pleasing reflections which such a review can 
inspire, we find the tender emotions of grief and sorrow excited. 
This people have fonnd that the treasure of the gospel is ^int in 
earthen vessels. In a little more than fourscore years five persons 
have been introdnced into the ministerial office among them. One 
resigned his pastorate and hath entered into a civil department. 
Fonr have not been suffered to continue by reason of death. Few 
places have been visited with heavier trials in this respect than you^ 
my Christian friends. Xine months have not yet elapsed since 
you were called into mourning and left as sheep without a shep- 
herd by the mortality of that worthy good man, the Eev. Samuel 
Langdon, D. D. May you long be profited by a pious recollection 
of the truths and useful instructions which he dispensed to you. 

The great repairer of breaches, who sends pastors among those 
who desire and seek for the blessing, hath, as we trust, in great 
loving kindness, disposed you to unite in the choice of a successor 
who is this day to take the oversight of you in the Lord. If his 
life and health should be continued, we flatter ourselves with the 
hope that he will so discharge the duties of the ministry as fully 
to justify the choice you have been led to make. 

Let his joy be the joy of you all. While it is his pleasure and 
aim to feed the sheep and the lambs of Christ's flock and, in meek- 
ness, to instruct those who oppose themselves, if God, perad- 
venture, will give them repentance to the acknowledgment of the 
truth, it becomes you to unite with him in every measure within 
your reach which is calculated to advance the cause and interest 
of religion. 

We wish well to the man of your choice, and if you wish to have 
him feel the happy effects of your continued regard, you will not 
make him an offender for a word. Yoii will not put uncandid con- 
structions upon his conduct. You will not desert his ministrations. 
You will not be inattentive to his moral instructions. You will not 
be gratified to see him embarrassed and perplexed for the want of 
decent and proper support. You will not be pleased to see his 
feelings wounded at any time or upon any occasion. Far from this 
will be your temper and conduct. 

Brethren, we wish you well, and may the God of peace bless you 
and your pastor-elect, and make you and him perfect in every good 
work to do his will; so that you may be' solaced with the blessings 
of love, peace, and harmony here, and hereafter be admitted to par- 



122 HISTORY OF HAMPTON FALLS. 

ticipate in a fullness of joy and unceasing pleasures at God's right 
hand. 

Men, Brethren, and Fathers of this AssemJ)]y: The Spirit of in- 
spiration hath advertised us of jjerilous times, and cautioned us 
not to believe every spirit hut to try the spirits, whether they he of 
God. These things merit our serious attention at the present 
day, in which a spirit of error and delusion rears its frightful head 
in various forms. Are you willing to desert the good old way and 
to imitate the example of those who have grown tired of the 
guidance and instruction of Moses and the Prophets, of Christ and 
his apostles? Are you willing to adventure forth into scenes of 
novelty and dangerous experiment; to become followers of wander- 
ing stars, or blazing short-lived meteors, which will soon leave 
you in all the horrors of darkness? be wise before it be too late, 
and let me assure you that the fear of the Lord is the beginning of 
wisdom. 

Life and death, the blessing and the curse, are set before you. 
If Thomas Paine, the author of ''The Age of Eeason," be the true 
prophet, then follow him; or if the Illuminati, who are darkening 
the world by their system, be the true prophets, then follow them; 
but if Christ, the Son of God, who is the brightness of the Father's 
Glory and the express image of his person, and who justly assumes 
the title "The Light of the World,"' be the true Prophet, then 
follow him. 

Such features of a divine origin do the holy scriptures carry in 
the glorious doctrines which they teach; in the wise and salutary 
conduct which they prescribe; in their predictions and correspond- 
ing events, and in their rise and progress in the world that I do only 
apply to those among whom the light of the gospel shines, the 
words of the Baptist with which I close: "He that believeth on the 
Son hath everlasting life, and he that believeth not the Son shall 
not see life, but the wrath of God abideth on him." 

Amex. 

THE CHAEGE 

By the Eev. Dr. Havex of PoETSiiouTH, X. H. 

Eesting satisfied in the ample testimonials of the ministerial 
qualifications of the person on whom we now impose our hands, and 
being designated by this venerable council to ordain and set him 



HISTORY OF CHURCH AND PARISH. 123 

apart to the work of the gos])el ministry l)y charging him before 
God and lioly angels, we do accordingly, in the name of the council 
convened, and by anthority derived from this glorious head of the 
Church, ordain you, Mr. Jacolj Al)bot, a minister of the gospel of 
Jesus Christ, a Bishop, a presbyter. We now commit to you the 
charge and oversight of this particular flock. You are hereby in- 
vested with the same character and ministerial authority with our- 
selves, charging you to take this sacred and very important office 
upon you, not of constraint, but willingly; not for filthy lucre, but 
of a ready mind. 

Take heed to this ministry you are now receiving in the Lord, 
to fulfill it. 

Preach the word; l)e instant, in season and out of season; reprove, 
rebuke, exhort with all long-suffering and doctrine; not handling 
the word of God deceitfully, but by manifestation of the truth, 
commending yourself to every man's conscience in the sight of God. 

Preach Jesus Christ and him crucified, and risen again for our 
justification; warning every man and instructing every man in all 
wisdom, that you may present every man perfect before God in 
Christ., 

Preach the plain gospel of Jesus, uncorrupted by vain philosophy 
and the metaphysical sophistry of the present age. Cast not a 
mist before the eyes of your hearers by introducing metaphysical 
distinctions instead of plain scripture reasoning; nor ever plunge 
them into the awful abyss of fatalism by jDretending to be wise above 
what is written. Imitate your great master and his apostles, ad- 
ducing plain facts rather than the deceiving words and wisdom of 
this world. 

Preach Christ, the wisdom of God, and the power of God to 
every man who believeth. Let your preaching be plain, practical, 
and fervent. Thus be Avise to win souls. 

Administer the seals of the Xew Testament, — Baptism and the 
Lord's supper, — to all proper subjects, like a wise and faithful 
steAvard over the house of God, distinguishing between the holy 
and profane. 

As much as in you lies, in this enfeebled age of church authority, 
dispense the primitive discipline which Christ has appointed in 
all his churches, doing nothing by partiality that the ministry be 
not Ijlamed. And bless the congregation in the name of the Lord. 



124 HISTORY OF HAMPTON FALLS. 

The same things yve now commit to you, commit thou to others, 
as providence shall call you; but lay hands suddenly on no man. 

Beloved brother, take heed to thyself. Be an example to the 
tlock in word, in conversation, in charity, in spirit, in faith, in 
purity. Live the gospel you preach, that you may be able to say 
to your dear flock, "Be ye followers of me as I am of Christ." 

Talve heed to the ilock; feed the sheep; feed the lambs. 

Stir up the gift that is in thee. Give thyself to reading, medita- 
tion, and prayer. Meditate on these things; give thyself wholly 
to them, that thy profiting may appear to all men. Thus approve 
thyself a workman who needeth not to be ashamed; rightly dividing 
the word of life, and give to every one his portion in due season. 

In fine, dear sir, we charge you in the name of the Lord Jesus 
Christ and before holy angels, make full proof of thy ministry; 
keep thyself pure from the blood of precious souls. Oh, that a 
deep sense of the worth of souls, the solemn account you will shortly 
have to give up to your great Lord, may have an abiding and power- 
ful influence on all your ministry. 

Do you ask with serious concern. Who is sufficient for these 
things? Hear, then, the language of the great Shepherd and Bishop 
of souls directed to you, to every faithful minister, "Lo! I am 
with you always." "My grace is sufficient for you; my strength is 
made perfect in your weakness." 

Eest on his faithful promise, endure hardness as a good soldier of 
Jesus Christ. 

Thus be faithful to God, to your own soul, and to the souls of 
your people — then, all hail the day of your last account. The 
chief Shepherd shall appear and place a crown of glory, a crown of 
life eternal on thy head. 

THE EIGHT HAXD OF FELLOWSHIP 
By the Eev. Jesse Appleton of Hamptox, X. H. 

If there be anything remaining in the human heart which is 
refined, noble, or dignified, it is sure to find support and encour- 
agement in the religion of Jesus. Every passion or desire which can 
possibly be improved to a good purpose meets with objects in this 
religion on which it may operate to advantage. 

Is there in the human breast a thirst for being, a desire for un- 
limited existence? The gospel speaks of life and immortality. Do 



HISTORY OF CHURCH AND PARISH. 125 

men feel a desire for knowledge and a freedom from those many 
doubts and difficulties which embarrass all their present specula- 
tions? The gospel informs us that after death the good man shall 
enjoy the best possible advantages for extending his knowledge; 
that though he now sees through a glass darkly, he shall then see 
face to face. Are the social feelings implanted in the human heart? 
Is there an inclination in man to associate with his fellows; to com- 
municate his thoughts and desires to others and receive the like 
communications from them? The Christian religion promises to 
believers the enjoyment of the best society. ''They shall sit down 
with Abraham, Isaac, and Jacob.'' They shall be familiarly con- 
versant with a select company, chosen from all nations and kindreds 
and tongues. Do we feel, within us, a desire of fame, honor, and 
distinction? The gospel speaks of honor, glory, and immortality, 
of our sitting on thrones and being raised to an equality with angels. 
Is there, in man, a kind of attraction among congenial souls? An 
inclination to form particular attachments; to enter into strong 
and lasting friendships? This inclination is countenanced and 
encouraged, both by the general tendency of the Christian religion 
and by the particular example of its divine Author. 

Proceeding from the love of God, w^e might naturally expect that 
Christianity should bear the marks of its divine origin, and tend 
to promote peace on earth and good will toward men. Accordingly, 
we find that no exhortations more frequently occur than those which 
would persuade men to benevolence, and a tender and affectionate 
regard for each other. 

But the example of Christ is still more to our purpose. He se- 
lected a certain number of companions, whom he honored by the 
appellation of friends. They were to be partakers of his joy or 
sorrow; his honor or reproach. They continued w4th him in his 
temptations; they followed him in the regeneration, and both before 
and after his ascension were instrumental of carrying on that new 
birth or renovated state of things, in the moral world, which he had 
originated. 

Among these there was one who had a particular share in his 
master's affections. He was called the disciple whom Jesus loved. 
He leaned on Jesus' bosom and enjoyed the most honorable famil- 
iarity with him. Our Lord had other particular attachments; he 
loved Lazarus and wept at his tomb. 

From these examples of Jesus Christ, it appears that he not only 



126 HISTORY OF HAMPTON FALLS. 

enjoined, in his religion, the most general and extensive benev- 
olence, but did himself indulge the social feelings. He formed par- 
ticular attachments, he entered into strong and lasting friendships. 

As a minister of his religion, and strongly influenced by those 
social feelings which Jesus Christ himself has seen fit to patronize, 
I cheerfully perform the office assigned me by this ecclesiastical 
council. 

Unto you, my dear brother, I now give this Right Hand of Fel- 
lowship. By this we acknowledge your abilities, your literary and 
moral accjuirement, and your regular introduction into the Christian 
ministry. 

We believe that, under the influences of Christian principles 
jou will take heed to yourself and to the flock of God, over which 
the Holy Ghost has made you an overseer; that you will count all 
things but loss for the excellency of the knowledge of Jesus Christ 
jour Lord. 

We rejoice that you have now taken part with us in this ministry, 
and we embrace you as our brother and companion in tribulation 
and in the kingdom and patience of Jesus Christ. 

We declare our readiness to communicate with you in all the 
offices of Christian fellowship. Nothing, on our part, shall be 
wanting to your personal happiness or ministerial success. We 
will rejoice in your joy; we will weep at your sorrow, and God forbid 
that we should sin against the Lord in ceasing to pray for you. 

And while in the sincerity of our souls we tender you these 
our services, we have received your hand as an undoubted pledge 
of your willingness to reciprocate them. 

And now, my brother, may the Lord bless you and make you a 
iaithful laborer in the vineyard of Christ. May he give you a long, 
a peaceful and a prosperous ministry, and having turned many to 
righteousness, may you hereafter shine as the brightness of the 
firmament and as a star forever and ever. 

Fathers and Breiliren of this Church and Society: We congratu- 
late you on the prospect which this day opens upon you. Since the 
death of your late venerable minister, you have experienced your- 
selves and manifested to others, "how good and how pleasant it is 
for brethren to dwell together in unity." 

All the friends of good order and religion have witnessed with 
abundant satisfaction, the regularit}', caution, and unanimity that 
have uniformly characterized your proceedings. They have re- 



HISTORY OF CHURCH AND PARISH. 127 

Joicecl at beholding your order and the steadfastness of yonr faith 
in Christ. 

You, this day, behold the happy issue of all your endeavors for 
resettling the gospel ministry. You behold the man in whom your 
wishes and esteem have centered. Behold now, he is, according to 
your wish, in God s stead. He also is formed out of the clay. His 
terror shall not make you afraid, neither shall his hand lie heavy 
upon you. Let him continue to share largely in your esteem and 
•affections. Manifest your att-achment to him, but especially to 
that Gospel, the principles of which he will unfold, explaib, and 
inculcate. Thus will you give peace to his days and success to his 
ministry. Thus you will gratify the best desires of his heart, which, 
we believe, are directed to your everlasting interest. For what is 
his hope, or joy, or crown of rejoicing? Are not even ye in the 
presence of our Lord Jesus Christ at his coming? 

Amen. 



EECOED OF MAEEIA6ES. 



MAEEIAGES COXSUMilATED BY EEV. THEOPHILUS COTTON, 
TAKEX FEOINI A EECOED IX HIS OWX HAXDWEITIXG. 

1712, December IS, Xathaniel Healey and Hannah Tilton. 

1713, January 27, Ebeneazer Loverin and Esther Derbon. 
May 28, Xathan Longfellow and Mary Green. 

June 25, Xicholas Dolebe and Sarah Smith. 

September 30, Israel Foulsom and Eachael Berry of Greenland. 

Xovember 26, Thomas Wait and Sarah Xorton. 

1714, January 13, Ccrnelius Clough of Kingston and Joanna Sanborn. 
Xovember 25, Josej)h Wheler and ilar3' Clark, both of Xewbury, 
Xovember 25, John Swain and Maud Sargent. 

December 28, Eeuben Sanborn and Sarah Sanborn. 
December 30, John Batchelder and Abigail Cram. 

1715, January 1, Stephen Hardwj'ck of Charlestown and Joanna Lowell 

of Xewbury. 
January 24, John Brown and Abigail Jonson. 
March 24, John Johnson of Greenland and Prudence Crosby of 

Hampton. 
October 5, Abner Sanborn and Eachael Shaw. 
Xovember 16, Joseph Lowe and Elizabeth Pottle. 

1716, January 12, William Healej' and Marj' Sanborn. 
July 24, John Swain and Martha Tongue. 

September 24, Eichard Elliott of Portsmouth and Abigail Wilson 

of Hampton. 
Xovember, Peter Sanborn and Aphia Shaw. 
December 19, William Xorton and Elizabeth Cotton. 

1717, June 6, Oliver Smith of Exeter and Euth Blake. 

October 17, Jacob Perkins of York and Annie Littlefield; married 

by license, m C of AVells. 
Xovember 12, Christopher Johnson and Marj' Hadlock, both of 

Chebago for Avch. there is a certificate. 
December 5, Capt. Joseph Tilton and Elizabeth Shaw. 
December 17, Samuel Prescutt and Mary Sanborn. 

1718, January-, Benjamin Brown, Jr., and Sarah Gove, Jun^. 
February 6, Abraham Brown and Argentine Cram. 
Xovember 16, Xicholas Mj'good and Joanna Lane. 
Xovember 25, Edward Sanborn and Dorothj' Eoby. 

128 




FRANK B. SANBORN. 
See page 555. 



RECORD OF MARRIAGES. 129 

1718, December 9, William Willy of Oyster Eiver and Margaret Basford. 

1719, January 8, Samuel Blake and Anna Sylla. 

January 16, Isaac Buswell and Martha Eaton, both of Salisbury. 

June 19, Nehimiah Partridge of Portsmouth and Mary Phil- 
brick of Hampton. 

June 29, Daniel Weare and Abigail Green. 

August 31, Thomas Eichardson of Newbury and Hannah Pottle 
of Hampton. 

December 3, Jonathan Sanborn of Kingston and Theodate San- 
born of Hampton. 

1720, January IS, James Sanborn and Eliz. Leavitt. 

January 20, Isaac Clough of Salisbury' and Sarah Swayne of 

Hampton. 
March 9, Joseph Lowell of Newbury and Sarah Prescott of 

Hampton. 
April 14, William Hilton of Exeter and Joanna Lane of Hampton. 
October 23, Jonathan Ring of Almsbury and Esther Batchelder of 

Hampton. 
November 23, William Hayes of Dover and Hannah Sanborn of 

Hampton. 
November 28, Joseph Cass, Jun^, and Phebe Nason, both of 

Hampton. 
November 30, John Hall and Elizabeth Evans, both of Hampton. 
December 12, Potor Garland and Elizabeth Clifford, both of 

Hampton. 

1721, January 6, Joseph Norton and Abigail Gove. 
April 3, Jonathan Prescott and Judith Gove. 
May 15, Jethro Batchelder and Dorathy Sanborn. 

July 13, Moses Chandler of Andover and Anna Sanborn of Hamp- 
ton Town. 

November 7, Benjamin Sanborn and Meribah Tilton, both of 
Hampton. 

November 9, Isaac Fellows and Abigail Sleeper, both off Hampton. 

December 26, Richard Clifford and Hex^sibah Basford, both off 
Hampton. 

1722, January 11, Samuel Lane and Elizabeth Blake, both off Hampton. 
January 18, Joseph Sanborn, Junr, and Lucy Prescott, both off 

Hampton. 
March 6, Nathaniel Healey and Susanna Weare. 
May 3, Ebeneazer Knowlton and iNIary Cram. 

August 15, James Marston off Salem and Sarah Clark off Ipswich. 
October 25, Nathan Clough and Rachael Brown. 
December 31, Philip Pevear and Martha Emmons. 

1723, January 1, Charles Treadwell of Wells and Sarah Swett. 
January 15, Jonathan Fifield and Hannah Wate. 
February 5, Daniel Richardson and Sarah Pottle. 
February 7, Joseph Batchelder and Mary Goss. 



130 HISTORY OF HAMPTON FALLS. 

1723, April 18, Eichard Harriman off Haverhin aR«ii Sarabi Hatl <ti 

Bradford. 
August 1, Luther Morgan and Abigail Sanborn. 
October IS, Thomas James and Eliz. yortoa. 
December 5, John Magoon and Sarah Magoon. 
December 18, Jonathan Chase and Patience Hook. 

1724, Januar^^ 30, Caleb Rowlings and Eliz-abe-th Shaw„ att Strathana. 
February 13, Elisha Prescott and Phebe Sanborn. 

February 25, Nathaniel Batchelder and Mary Tilton. 
July 9, Daniel Eundlett off Stratham and Lydia Craia. 
October 23, Abel Ward and Mary Melcher. 
October 29, Benoni Fogg and Mary Griffin. 
December 10, Daniel Loverin and Mary Sylly. 
December 17, Edward Lock and Hannah Blake.. 
December 31, John Morgin and Marj- Dearbon. 

1725, January 12, Hezekiah Blake and Joanna Fellows-. 
February 13, Jeremiah Gove and Sarah Cram. 
February 13, Sam" Lock and Margaret Ward. 

March 11, Eetior Beckot off Salem and Hannah Graves of 

Beverly; married by license from L. G. W. 
April 5, Samuel Shaw and Eachael Fellows. 
• April 15, Wadleigh Cram off Hampton and Euth Oilman off 

Exeter. 
May 19, Ezekiel Clough off Salisbury and Sarah Brown of Hamtpv 
June 16, Eobert Mottilin and Anna Kinsman, both of Boston; 

married by license from L. G. W. 
June 17, Capt. Joseph Tilton and Elizabeth Hilliard, both off" 

Hampton; married bj^ license frona L. G. W. 
August 26, Caleb Dalton and Elizabeth Davis, both off Haverhill;. 

married by license of L. G. Wintworth. 
October 26, Jonathan Palmer and Anna Brown. 
November 11, John Eawlings of Exeter and Mary Swayne. 
December 16, John James and Lucy Norton. 
December 16, Enoch Colby and Abial Sanborn. 
December 16, Eobert Quimby and Judith Sanborn. 
December 22, Mark Snow off Eastham and Sarah Langford off" 

Boston; bj' license from Lieut. Gov. Wintworth. 
December 30, Benjamin Yeasey and Deborah Blake. 
11726, January 28, Daniel Emmerson, Cambridge, Mass., Town„ and Han- 
nah Hall of Hampton Falls. 
March 3, Eobert Eowe and Apphia Sanborn. 
May 23, Thomas Garland and Elizabeth Moulton^ 

EECOED OF :\1AEEIAGES CONSUMMATED BEFORE JOSEPH 

WHIPPLE. 

1727, November 8, Henry Fifield and Comfort Cram, both of Hampton. 
December 21, John Perkins of Dover and Rebecca Draper at 
Hampton. 



KECORD OF MARRIAGES. 131 

1728, January 21, Philemon Blake and Lydia Boulter, both of Hampton. 
February 2, Moses Swett of Newtown and Harriet Swett of 

Hampton. 

February 22, James Perkins and Shuah Nason, both of Hampton. 

April iO, Stephen Emmerson and Mary Manning, both of Ip- 
swich; by a license from L. Gov. Went worth; my wife and 
Sarah Bradlej^ present. 

May 15, Zacheriah Tole and Ann Godfrey, both of Hampton 
Town. / 

May 11, Benjamin Hilliard and 'Sfary Preseott. 

May 26, Nath" Seve and Sarah Daniel, both of Eye. 

July 25, Isaiah Smith of Stratham and Charity Cram of Hampton. 

August 22, Jonathan Tilton and Margaret Shaw. 

November 28, Jonathan Cram and Elizabeth Heath. 

December 3, Jeremiah Brown and Mary Weare. 

DecemBer 3, Jacob Green and Mary Gale. < 'T, 

1729, January 1, Caleb Tole and Rebecca Preseott. 
March 7, Thomas Sillj' and Abigail Knowlton. 
May 2, Thomas Brown and Mahitable Towle. 

May 10, Thomas Baker and Eebecca Kellsol, both of Lynn. 

May 14, Christopher Palmer and Elizabeth Stanj'an. 

June 4, John Chaiaman and Hvildah Hoyt. 

July 2, Sami Page and Mary Clark. 

August 14, Amasa Dow of Salisbury and Lydia Roby of Hampton. 

September 18, Benjamin Preseott and Doratha Sanborn. 

September 18, Benjamin Batchelder and Eebecca Preseott. 

November 6, John Fogg and Meribah Tilton. 

November 11, Elisha Sweet of Kingston and Sarah Tilton. 

November 13, Jeremiah Been of Kingston and Sarah Blake of 

Hampton. 
November 20, Jonathan Dow and Sarah Weare. 
December 24, William Norton and Esther Loverin. 

1730, January 4, William Mackree and Elizabeth Cass. 
January 13, John Cram, Sen., and Susannah Batchelder. 
March 23, Jonathan Gove and Hannah Worthing. 

March 29, John Clark and Elizabeth Clifford, both of Kingston. 
August 21, Robert Eej-nolds of Stratham and Love Clifford of 

Hampton. 
October 1, Thomas Fuller and Hannah Chase. 
November 9, Thomas Crosby and Mary Colman of Kingston. 
December 9, Elisha Chase and Mary Swain. 
December 17, Trustram Sanborn of Kingston and Abigail Blake- 

of Hampton. 

1731, January 5, Ezekiel Sanborn of Exeter and Elizabeth Melcher of 

Hampton. 
January 13, Ebeneazer Derbon and Huldah Nason. 
January 14, James Preseott and Doretha Tilton. 



132 HISTORY OF HAMPTON FALLS. 

1731, January 21, Samuel Tilton and Abigail Batclielder. 

January 21, Joseph Roe and Ruth Sherbon. 

February 2, Edward Smith and Lydia Prescott. 

June 10, John Fullsom and Hannah Sanborn, both of Exeter. 

June 13, Enoch Gove and Sarah Roe. 

September 2, Daniel Sanborn of Exeter and Abigail Prescott. 

September 2, William Sanborn of Exeter and Elizabeth Dearborn. 

October 28, Daniel Roe and Katherine Rundlett. 

October 28, Enoch Clarke and Hannah Gove. 

October 28, Jonathan Longfellow and Mercy Clark. 

Ivovember 10, Abner Philbrick and Mehitable Steward. 

December 29, Jacob Sanborn and Ame Sanborn. 
1732, January 6, Nathan Swett of Kingston and Mary Derbon. 

January 23, Ednaund James and Brada Sherbon. 

January 20, Edward Fuller of Salisbury' and Deborah Blake. 

January- 20, Francis Batchelder and Mary Blake. 

January 27, Jose^ih Amazeen of New Castle and Hannah Brown, 
Hampton town. 

February 10, Richard Nason and Elizabeth Tilton. 

May 25, John Farrow of Newmarket and Ann Clifford. 

June 1, Francis Murton and Sarah Duwell, both of Boston. 

July 20, Benjamin Swett and Elizabeth Jenner. 

Aug. 22, Samuel Davis and Huldah Green. 

October 5, Rev. Mr. Stei)hen Chase of Lynn and Mrs. Jane 

Winget of Hampton. 
November 23, Nathan Tilton and Hannah Green. 

1733, January 23, Nicholas Dollor of Exeter and Elizebeth West. 
February 15, Jonathan Batchelder and Elizebeth Rowell. 
March 1, Moses Fifield of Stratham and Abigail Fifield. 
March 27, Joseph W^orth and Mary Shaw. 

June 14, Dea. Jonathan Fellows and widow Deborah Tilton. 

July 19, Jonathan Swett and Deborah Tilton. 

August 30, Stephen Flanders of Salisbury and Elizebeth Stevens. 

October 9, Winthrop Gove and Rachael Gove. 

October 25, John Luverin and Anna Sanborn. 

December 13, Joseph Tilton and Elezebeth Weare. 

December 27, Benjamin Sanborn and Hannah Tilton. 

1734, January 22, Joseph Shaw and Elizebeth Batchelder. 
January 24, John Roby and Ann Williams. 
February 28, Samuel Cram and Mary Cram. 

April 4, Elisha Page and Merilah Batchelder. 
April 4, Walter Williams and Rachael Hilliard. 
July 23, Ebeneazer Hartshorn and Martha Whipple. 
October 9, Henry Roby and Abigail Butler. 
November 6, Ebeneazer Knowlton and Jane Philbrick. 
November 7, Jeremiah Clough and Deliverance Leavitt. 
November 28, Hugh Cragg and Jane Morlin, both of Concord. 
December 26, John Philbrick and Judah Sanborn. 



RECORD OF MARRIAGES. 133 

1735, January 16, Timothy Morgan and Betty Mussey. 
January 30, Benjamin Towle and Rebecca Garland. 
February 4, Jacob Mirrick and Sarah Stickney. 
February 13, Jonathan Sanborn and Mary Batchekler. 
March 27, Jedediah Blake and Mary Roe. 

AjDril 2, Thomas Knowlton and Anna Swain. 

April 3, Ebeneazer Weare and Prudence Lock. 

Ma,y 8, Samuel Melcher and Esther Green. 

May 14, John Whipple and Martha Baker of Ipswich. 

August 4, Nathan Hoit and Rebecca Rawlings. 

September 2, Jonathan Boulter and Rhoda Philbrick. 

September 25, Jabes Smith and Lydia Brown. 

October G, William Johnson and Mary Jennison. 

October 9, Worthington Moulton and Abigail Moulton. 

October 19, Samuel Carey and Susanna Laton, both of Boston. 

November 12, Gideon Dow and Lydia Perkins. 

December 4, John Roe and Leah Blake. 

1736, January 1, James Smith and Elizabeth Snigley, both of 

Gloucester. 
January 1, Elisha Blake and Mary Brown. 
January 5, John Turner and Abigail Chase of Salem. 
September 22, Andrew and Dinah, Mr. Worth's negroes. 
October 8, Joseph Barbun and Mrs. Esther Pond, both of Woburn. 
October 12, Abraham Moulton and Dorothy Batchelder. 
November 12, Benjamin Sanborn and Dorothy Prescott. 
November 12, Elijah Bent and Susanna Stone. 
December 6, Joseph Woodman of Newburyport and Mary Theola 

of Rowley. 
December 8, John Carr of Salisburj^ and Mary Purington of 

Hampton Falls. 
December 15, Frank Hatch of Situate and Ann Fisher of Boston. 
December 30, Joseph Garland and Jane Stickney. 

1737, Februarj' 9, John Coggin of Sudbury and Patience Wayman of 

Woburn. 
March 3, Joshua Silliman and Esther Sanborn. 
March 8, Ebeneazer Eastman of Rumford and Elinor Allen 

of Salisbury. 
March 21, Jedediah Sleeper and Ruth Shaw. 
April 7, Mathias Toule and Hannah Healey. 
May 12, Jonathan Gilman and Elizebeth Sanborn. 
June 2, Jonathan Blake and Mary Sanborn. 
June 2, Theophilus Batchelder and Meriah Blake. 
June 2, William Carshon and Hannah Babcock, both of Milton. 
June 15, Thomas Wiggin of Stratham and Mary Weare of 

Hampton. 
June 28, Jedediah Sanborn and Mary Rogers, both of Newbury. 
July 7, Thomas Sawyer of Falmouth and Mehitable Blake of 

Hampton. 



134 



HISTORY OF HAMPTON FALLS. 



1737, July 21, Jacob Freeze and Elizebeth Hilliard. 

September 26, Abner Lowell and Lydia Pnrington of Falmouth. 
October 30, John Connelly of Salem and Mrs. Thomasen Green- 
lief of Newbury. 
December 14, Paul Sanborn and Mary Fifield of Hampton. 

1738, January 12, Abraham Drake and Abigail Weare. 
January 26, Job Haskel and Mercy Leavitt. 

February 13, Jerahneel Cummings and Hannah Farivell, both of 
Dunstable. 

March 4, Thomas Eush and Mrs. Sarah Stebbins, both of Boston. 

March 27, Stephen Colby of Amesbury and Elizabeth Mansfield 
of Salisbury. 

March 30, Samuel Roby and Mary Pickens. 

April 11, Josiah Pdchardson and Mrs. Elizabeth French. 

April 13, Joseph Cottle and Mrs. Joanna Ober of Beverly. 

July 8, Gideon Bragdon and Mrs. Mary Hayward of Boston. 

July 14, Daniel Carter and Mrs. Hannah Fouler, both of Salisbury. 

July 20, Ebeneazer Webster of Kingston and Susanna Batchelder. 

July 20, Mechech Weare and Elizabeth Shaw. 

August 24, James Hoit of York and Mrs. Allis ?kIoulton of Ports- 
mouth. 

August 31, Phinneas Jones of Falmouth and yira. Annie Hodge 
of Salisbury. 

September 9, Sjiencer Bennett and Mrs. Elizebeth Dole. 

Seijtember 28, Jeremiah Bennett and Rachael Sanborn. 

October 9, Thomas Rogers and Eunice Stickney. 

November 2, Jeremiah Pierson of Harvard and Mary Green. 

November 16, Timothy Hilliard and Mary Norris. 

November 29, Ebeneazer Shaw and Annie Philbrick. 

December 28, Israel Blake and Mary Swain. 

1739, Januarj- 18, James Merrill and Mrs. Mary Osgood, both of Salis- 

bury. 

May 1, James Cofrin of Londonderry and Mrs. Jane Beard of 
Newbury. 

May 3, John Leavitt and Mary Tilton. 

July 18, Jonathan Cram and Elizabeth Rogers of Exeter. 

October 18, Ephrium Elkins of Kingston and Leah Roe of Hamp- 
ton. 

October 25, Benjamin Hobbs and Mrs. Mercy Shei^herd. 

October 25, Charles Rundlett of Exeter and Dorothy Marshall. 

November 2, John Lovewell and Mrs. Rachael Lunn, both of 
Dunstable. 

November 6, James McPherson of Chester and Mrs. Jane Leslie 
of Derrj'. 

December 4, Jonathan Green and Elizebeth Green. 

December 13, Jacob Satterly and Susanna Steward. 

December 31, at li/o in ye morning, Samuel Smith and Mrs. Mary 
Greely, both of Salisbury. 



i 



RECORD OF MARRIAGES. 135 

1740, January 14, Gideon Stevens and Mrs. Mary Pedrick, both of 
Marblehead. 
January 23, Jeremiah Toule and Hannah Derbon. 
January 24, John Eussel and Mrs. Dorothy Stone. 
February 14, Caleb Sanborn and Mehitable Weare. 
February 28, John Freeland and Mrs. Elizebeth Blood, both of 

Charlestown. 
February 28, Elihu Shaw and Mary Nason. 
April 1, Samuel Eurrel and Mrs. Annie Alden. 

March 27, Alexander Salter of New Castle and Elizabeth Sanborn. 
April 10, Caleb Sawyer and Mrs. Lydia Eeed, both of Harvard. 
April, 29, Charles Tracy and Mrs. Hannah Smith, both of Ports- 
mouth; he formerly of Biddeford in England; she the widow 
of Mr. Smith of Durham. 
June 11, Richard Watts and Mrs. Sarah Bachell, both of Chester. 
June 24, James Delays and Sarah Gamon. 
June 26, Ephrium Sanborn and Sarah Green. 

July 14, Francis Carel and Mrs. Mary Watkins, both of Middleton. 
July 24, Stephen Francis of Milford and Mrs. Loue Wyman of 

Woburn. 
July 25, Stephen Adams and Mrs. Mary Titcomb, both of Ames- 
bury. 
August 11, John Russ and Mrs. Eunis Brown, both of Uxbridge. 
August 14, Richard Moulton and Abigail Blake. 
September 4, Ephrium Blake of Portsmouth and Naomi Blake of 
Hampton. 
/ — Ik September 9, John Cratten and Dorathy Leavitt, both of Exeter. 

November 13, Jonathan Steward and Anna Corry. 
1741, January 15, Jeremiah Prescott and Mary Hays. 

January 21, Francis Rapitt and Mrs. Elizabeth Walker, both of 

Boston. 
January 21, William Moor of Suncook and Mrs. Mary McNiel of 

Amesbury. 
March 18, Obediah Worth and Elenor Mason. 
April 3, John Duty and Mrs. Jane Boynton, both of Newbury. 
April 6, Samuel Stover of Maiden and Mrs. Mary Newhall of 

Lynn. 
May 26, Jonathan Clark of Stratham and Ann Cram of Hamp- 
ton Falls. 
July 3, William Vonteren and Mrs. Mercy Thornton, both of 

Boston. 
July 20, Abraham Folsom and Sarah Folsom, both of Greenland. 
Augiist 27, Nathaniel Bussell and Joanna Blake. 
October 28, Janis King and Sarah Shepherd, both of Salisbury. 
November 18, Henry Aitken and Mrs. Mary Sanderson, both of 

Boston. 
December 1, Thomas Davis and Sarah Ivitredge, both of Billerica. 



136 HISTORY OF HAMPTON FALLS, 

1741, December 10, Edward Hilley and Mrs. Susanna Brumel, both of 

Boston. 
December 31, Amos Towle and Hannah Drake of Hampton. 
December 31, John Flood and Mary Blake. 

1742, March 29, John Cales and Mrs. Catherine Hull. 
April 28, Benjamin Towns and Mrs. Hannah Curtis. 
April 27, David Eobinson of Stratham and Martha Brown. 
May 13, John Tilton and Sarah Eoby. 

June 17, Nathan Green and Elizebeth Cram. 

August 12, Joseph Clough of Salisbury and Mary Blake of Hamp- 
ton Falls. 
September 14, Job Tilden and Mrs. Elizebeth Viner, both of 

Situate. 
November 4, William Ivennelly and iMrs. ^largaret Foster. 
December 9, Benjamin Moulton and Sarah Eowell. 
December 14, Thomas Hug-ins and Mrs. Elizebeth Bayley. 
1743, March 10, Jasper Swinerton and Elizebeth Swinerton. 
March 29, Jonathan Green and Margaret Tilton. 
April 13, James Atkin and Mrs. Mary Titcomb of Newbury. 
July 20, Stephen Cram and Euth Ellard. 
July 23, John Garland and Elizebeth Brown. 
September 14, Nathi Gove and Susanna Stickney. 
October 4, Jonathan Page of Hampton Falls and Jemima Gill 

of Salisbury. 
October 6, Capt. William Beaver and Mrs. Mary Pepper. 
October 19, Thomas Hunter and Mrs. Agnes Lyon. 
October 30, Eobert Miller and Mehitable Stanyan. 
November 2, Samuel Powel of Chester and Mary Clifford of Hamp- 
ton Falls. 
November 3, Elias Swain and Sarah Eogers. 
November 12, William Jones and Mrs. Eunice Pool. 
November IS, Samuel Hill of Chester and Elizebeth Swain of 

Hampton Falls. 
November 24, Edward Sargent of Newbury and Sarah Sanborn 

of H. Falls. 
December 8, Thomas Eaton and Jane Wheeler. 
1744, January 13, Ebeneazer Page of Kingstown and Hannah Shepherd. 
January 13, Amos Leavitt and Elizebeth Varril. 
April 12, Joseph Smith of Exeter and Elizebeth Sanborn. 
August 7, Caleb Blodgett and Mrs. Elizebeth Wayman. 
August 8, John Canel and Mrs. Jane Eoads. 
August 15, William Quileg and Mrs. Elizebeth Newhall. 
September 20, David Norton and Hannah French. 
September 25, Charles Cook and Mrs. Mary Caswell. 
October 2, Daniel Wineedy of Salisbury and Hannah Walton of 

Hampton Falls. 
October 10, Samuel Smith of Newbury and Mrs. Lyda Lee of 
Hampton Falls. 



RECORD OF xMARRIAGES. 137 

1744, October IS, Henry Macintire and Mrs. Mary Small. 
October 30, William Greenlief and Mrs. Eutli Pierson. 
November 8, Benjamin Brown & Abigail Longfellow. 
Kovember 14, Jonathan Moulton and Mary Nason. 
November 15, Jonathan Brown and Mary Gamon. 
December IS, Nathaniel Healey and Susanna Weare. 

1745, January 10, Josiah Eawlings of Exeter and Hannah Philbrick 

of H. Falls. 
February 7, Benjamin Souter and Abigail Garland, Hamilton 

town. 
February 17, Nathaniel French of South Hampton and Annie 

Eussel, H. Falls. 
February IS, Simon Smith and Mrs. Elizebeth Lee. 
February 28, Samuel Prescott and Sarah Dalton. 
March 4, Daniel Been of Kingston and Abigail Clifford. 
March 7, John Marshall and Mrs. Mary Thompson. 
May 5, William Rhodes and Mrs. Mary Stanney. 
July IS, Benjamin Eogers and Margaret Bradstreet. 
August 7, Timothy Smalledge and Mrs. Elizebeth Davis. 
August 27, John Batchelder of Sudbury and Mrs. Mary Eay of 

Topsfield. 
September 2, Eliphalet Killborn and Mrs. Jane Tracej', both of 

Eowley. 
November 5, Eichard Jenness of Hye and Anna Jenness of 

Hampton Falls. 
December 3, Timothy Mahoney and Mrs. Mary Tabb, both of 

Boston. 
174C, March 6, Nathan Cram and Mary Carr. 

March 10, John Taylor of Exeter and Elezebeth Eow of Hamptou 

Falls. 
March 25, John Worth and Sarah Batchelder. 
April 3, John ^Morton and- Isabella Anderson. 
April 15, Joshiui Babb and Elizebeth Thresher, both of Ports- 

moiith. 
April 15, Josejjh Eussel and Abigail Toule. 
June 6, Peter Harrison and Mrs. Elizebeth Pelham. 
June 12, Abner Sanborn and Lucy Lowell. 
June 16, James Prescott and Mrs. Abigail Sanborn. 
June 17, William Clark of Marblehead and Mrs. Mary Collins 

of Lynn. 
June 17, Josef)h Pevear of Marblehead and Mrs. Lj'dia Newhall 

Oi Ljnn. 
July 6, Nathaniel Warner and Mrs. Anna Titcomb, both of New- 
bury. 
August 6, John Welch and Mrs. Sarah Bryant, both of Eowley. 
August 12, Edmon Brown and Mrs. May Sanborn, both of H. Falls,. 
August 20, Eichard Bradbery of Salisbury and Marj^ Stevens of 

H. Falls. 



138 HISTORY OF HAMPTON FALLS. 

1746, September 3, Eobert White and Mrs. Abigail Grant, both of 

Charlestown. 
September 11, Daniel Carr and Mrs. Sarah Swan, both of Mar- 

blehead. 
September 12, Joseph Davis and Mrs. Martha Hains, both of 

Boston. 
September 25, David Swett of H. Falls and Dorothy Kiah 

[Currier] of Salisbury. 
November 13, Thomas Eichford and Abigail Viscount, both of 

Newbury. 
November IS, Jonathan Hilliard and Mary Green. 
December 1, Jonathan Gilman and Mehitable Kimball, both of 

Exeter. 
December 3, Daniel Sanborn and Jane Moulton. 
December 11, Mechech Weare and Mrs. Mehitable Wainwright. 

1747, April 30, Timothy Blake and Tabitha Damerel. 
June 18, Benjamin Eaton and Jane Eaton. 
July 1, George Tilley and Mrs. Mary Tuttle. 
July 2, James Lowell and Mary Clark. 

July 17, Benjamin Littleton and Mrs. Mary Shackford, both of 

Newbury. 
■ August 4, Benjamin Shaw of Kingston and Mrs. Kebecca Fol- 

lingsb^^ of Hampton. 
August 6, William Swain and Judith Gove. 
September 3, Henry Thresher and Mary Brown. 
September 15, Simon Wade of Newbury and Mrs. Elizebeth 

Blodgett. 
October 16, Caleb Shaw and Elizebeth Kimball of Exeter. 
October IS, Daniel Poland and Mrs. Susanna Bishop, both of 

Ipswich. 
November 3, Walter Williams and Mrs. Mary Hilliard. 
November 17, Ellihu Eaton and Elizabeth Blake. 
December 8, William Lonery of Salem and Mrs. Elizebeth G rover 

of Boston. 
December 21, Edwin Carter and Mrs. Joan Beney of Boston. 

1748, Januarj^ 4, Thomas Batchelder and Joan Tilton. 
January 28, John Sanborn and Lucy Sanborn. 

March 1, George Veasey and Lydia ^Morrison, both of Stratham. 

July 21, Samuel Page and ]Mrs. Kate Atkins of Charlestown. 

Jul}' 28, Sj'mons Greenough of Harvard and Mrs. Abigail Cradock 
of Bradford. 

September 1, Thomas Blake and Hannah Derbon, both of Hamp- 
ton town. 

September 21, Joseph Goldwait and ]\Irs. Hannah Brigham, both 
of Boston. 

October 6, Eichard Petershall and Mrs. Ann Millford, both of 
Boston. 



RECORD OF MARRIAGES. 139 

1748, October 6. John Xutt of Worcester and Islrs. Sarah Blakely of 

Marblehead. 
October 19, Andraw Thorn and Mrs. Sarah Toppan, both of 

Newbury. 
October 24, William Ellery and ]Mrs. Relief Barrow, both of 

Charlestown. 
October 26, Benjamin French and ]\Irs. Joana Jackman, both of 

Salisbury'. 
November 21, Jacob Leber and Mrs. Elizebeth Lovet of Beverl3^ 
December S, Jonathan Walton and Rebecca Gill. 
December 12, John Elder of Falmouth and Meriam Purington. 
December 20, Joseph Pevear and Lydia Noyes of Kingston. 
December 28, Daniel Clark of Exeter and Sarah Swain. 

1749, January 12, Richard Pray Brewster of Portsmouth and Jane 

Gove. 

February 14, Daniel Felch and Jane Page of Salisbury-. 

April 6, John Connor of Exeter and Abigail ISIoulton. 

April 20, Brj-ant Brownson and Mrs. Elizabeth Richardson, both 
of Boston. 

June 25, Thomas Edwards of England and Mrs. Ann Craddock 
of Milton. 

July 13. Truborn Graves of Beverly and Mrs. Jane Brown of 
Boston. 

August 21. William Greenough and Mrs. Judith Chase of New- 
bury. 

September 8, Nicholas Craven of England and Mrs. Bridget 
Holmes of Milton. 

September 19, Daniel Brown and Mehitable Brown. 

October 26, David Lowell and Abigail Perkins. 

October 31, Samuel Sleeper of Kingston and Hannah Batch- 
elder of H. Falls. 

Noveniber 14, Benjamin Tilton and Mary Green. 

December 27, Stephen Healey and Sarah Batchelder. 

1750, January 1, Peter Cram and Sarah Stanyon. 
Februarj^ 8, David Tilton and Rebecca Green. 

March 13, George Massej' of Portsmouth and ^Irs. Sarah CotRn 

of Salisbury'. 
April 10, James Crocker and Mrs. Abigail March of Salisbury. 
May 15, William Young and Mrs. Katurah March of Salisbury. 
July 19, Joshua Blake and Mrs. Susanna Sanborn. 
July 31, Michael Darby and Mrs. Katherine Tylor, both of Boston. 
August 2, Jonathan Swain and Mary Gove. 

August 12, John ^larston and Mrs. Mary Blake, both of Boston. 
September 17, Thomas Lamb of Boston and Sarah Goldsmith of 

Marblehead. 
October 3, INIoses Ring and ]\Irs. Abigail Tarbox. both of Cape Ann. 
October 11, Henry Roberts and Sarah Cornish. 
October 23, Daniel Weare and Mrs. Mary True of Salisbury. 



140 



HISTORY OF HAMPTON FALLS. 



1750, December 6, Jos. Sanborn and Sarah Lane were married by Mr. 

Fogg of Kensington. 
December 13, John Cram and Abigail Sanborn. 
December 26, Francis Marshall and Sarah Philbrick. 
Xovember 22, William Prescott and Susanna Sanborn. 

1751, January- 3, Joseph Smith of Exeter and Lydia Hoit. 
February 21, Jonah Newton and Mrs. Eebecca Eichardson. 
March 28, Levi Derbon and Mrs. Sarah Swett. 

July 25, Benjamin Robinson of Exeter and Mrs. Mary Perkins. 
September 12, Andrew Wiggin of Stratham and Mrs. Dorathy 

Swett. 
October 9, John Janvrin and Mrs. Elizebeth Stickney. 
October 31, Capt. Xathi Healey and Mrs. Lydia Fogg. 
December 5, Ebeneazer Fogg and Mrs. Hannah Gove. 
December 6, John Chase and Eachael Gove. 

1752, January 19, Ealph Butler and Mrs. Mehitable Tilton. 
February 19, Pain Eow and Euth Stevens. 

March 25, Samuel Batchelder and Elizebeth Whitcher. 

April 8, Jeremiah Blake and Abigail Lock. 

April 30, Nicholas Tracey and Mrs. Merium Titcomb, both of 

Xewbury. 
June 8, Adonijah Pike and Mrs. Mary Dole, both of Newbury. 
November 16, James Wadley of Kensington and Mary Derbon of 

Hampton. 
November 23, Samuel Davis and Mrs. Hannah Swain. 
November 27, Etnoch Sanborn of Hampton Falls and Sarah 

Sanborn of Epjjing. 
December 20, William Stickney and Mrs. Welthea Perkins, both 

of Newbur3\ 

1753, February 14, Skipper Elliott and Mrs. Joanna Blake, both of 

Newbury. 
February 20, Thomas Perkins of Tojjsfield and Susanna Prescott 

of H. Falls. 
February 20, Joshua Abbott and Hannah Hoit. 
February 22, Charles Maccoy of Epsom and Mrs. Mary Moulton. 
February 22, Moses Marshall and Mrs. Elezebeth Kimball. 
June 12, William Dodge and Mrs. Esther Brown. 
July 12, Samuel Morgun of Exeter and Hannah Brown. 
August 7, John Ward and Mrs. Abigail Pike, both of Salem. 
September 6, Thomas True and Sarah Clough of Salisbury. 
November 1, Abner Hoyt and Hannah Eastman, Salisbury. 
November 20, William Tucker, Eye, and Sarah Blake. 
November 21, William Moor of Exeter and Mrs. Martha Philbrick. 
December 27, Anthony Peavey of Ei3j)ing and Mary French of 

Hamilton Falls. 

1754, January 3, Winthrop Gove and Betty Eing. 

January- 14, John ^Mitchell and Mrs. Lydia Lowell, both of New- 
bury. 



J 



KECORD OF MARRIAGES. 141 

1754, April 17, Benjamin Smith of Exeter and Sarah Hoyt of H. Falls. 

June 8, John Healey and Mrs. Margaret Twig-g-s. 

June 26, Ebeneazer Gove and Mary Hoit. 

July 24, Edward Raymond of Beverly and Mrs. Mary Stevens 
of Worcester, 

August 22, Joseph Towne and Mrs. Elizebeth Rogers of Tops- 
field. 

August 27, Israel Clifford and Martha Pervear. 

August 27, Benjamin Stickney and Mary Clifford. 

October 24, Benjamin Sanborn and Eachael Hilliard. 

December 5, David Fogg and Hannah Folsom. 

December 12, John Damerel and Elizebeth Fuller, both of Eye. 

December 26, Thomas Silly and Elizebeth Smifh. 

EARLY MARRIAGES FROM THE TOWN RECORD. 

1698, December 26, Joseph Tilton and Margaret . 

1700, May 7, Samuel Melcher and Elisebeth Cram. 

April 3, Benjamin Hilliard and Elisebeth . 

1707, January 8, David Tilton and Deborah . 

1710, October 3, Zacheriah Clifford and Mehitable . 

1711, January 24, Caleb Swain and Hannah, his wife. 

1712, November 4, Jethro Tilton and Mary . 

1713, October 8, Jacob Green and Mary . 

1704, October 29, Jacob Stanyan and Dorathy . 

1714, November 24, Thomas Leavitt and Elisebeth Lock. 
December 2, Benoni Fogg and Abigail . 

1716, December 29, Jabez Sanborn and Abiel . 

1717, January 22, Abraham Sanborn and Dorathy . 

1719, March 9, Joseph Lowell and Sarah Prescott. 

1720, May 9, Abraham Moulton and Jemima . 

1724, February 19, John Tilton and Hannah . 

February 23, Nathan Batchelder and ]Mary . 

September 8, Simon Fogg and Leah Gove. 
1723, February 2, Jeremiah Gove and Sarey Cram. 

February 11, John French and Sarah Sanborn. 

August 9, John Sillea and Elisebeth Glidden. 

June 23, Isaac Green and Phebe Weare. 

June 17, Samuel Healey and Elisebeth . 

October 27, Benoni Fogg and Mary Griffin. 

September 30, Joseph Wadley and Mercy . 

1727, December 15, Ebeneazer Prescott and Abigail Tilton. 

January 3, Ephrium Hoyt and Sarah Clough. 
1730, November 14, Jonathan Dow and Sarah W^eare. 
1729, March 27, John Chase and Anna Rundlett. 
1734, October 31, Joseph Perkins and Elisebeth Dow. 
1737, September 29, Doctr Abraham Green and Sarah Tredwell. 

October 1, Benjamin Sanborn and Dorathy Prescott. 

10 • • 



142 HISTORY OF HAMPTON FALLS. 

1738, October 26, Jonathan Sargent and Jane Eow. 
1734, February 20, John Green, Jr., and Marj^ Gove. 

1740, Sei^tember 17, Daniel Chase (alias) Green and Esther Shaw, 

1741, June 20, Benjamin Cram and Martha Brown. 
1744, March 29, Richard Smith and Miriam Clough. 

1746, December, Stephen Blake and Elezebeth Hacket. 

1747, January 1, Jonathan Weare and Sarah Lane. 

1753, January 30, Samuel Prescott, Jr., and Ruth Smith. 

1754, October 31, Ephraim Hoyt and Abigail Welch. 
1752, December 11, Jonathan Perkins and Merium True. 

1755, February 12, Benjamin Sanborn and Anna Tole. 

1758, January 3, Samuel Philbrick and Phebe Sanborn. 
January 8, Samuel Collins, Jr., and Hannah Dow. 

1761, September 4, Jonathan Cram and Marj' Cram. 
1744, November 5, Josiah Brown and Mary Bradbury. 
1761, November 5, Josiah Brown and Elesebeth Thomas. 
1765, October 24, Josiah White and Mary Steward. 

May 16, Caleb Tilton and Mary Prescott. 
1767, December 4, Samuel Tilton and Joanna Batchelder. 
1770, March 19, Stephen Lang and Abigail Weare. 
1767, January 1, Jonathan W>are and Sarah Lane. 
1720, March 22, John Gove and Euth Jonson. 

1759, November 6, Benjamin Hilliard and Hannah Sleeper. 

1756, December 2, James Prescott and Abigail Lane. 

1748, November 3, Nathan Brown and Lydia Page. 

1738, September 27, Jeremiah Bennett and Rachael Sanljorn. 

1746, April 10, Benjamin Hilliard and Dorathy Ring. 

1747, January 1, Jonathan Weare and Sarah Lane. 

1760, July 24, David Batchelder and Elisebeth Swett. 
1763, October 20, Dr. Jonathan Chase and Anna Swett. 
1732, November 9, Jonathan Hilliard and Hannah Cooper. 
1743, December 29, Andrew Webster and Prudence Weare. 
1746, November 18, Jonathan Hilliard and Mar^' Green. 
1754, August 12, Edmon Brown and ^lary Sanborn. 

1756, January 1, James Prescott and Mary Lane. 
January 22, Ephrium Philbrick and Marj- Sanborn. 

1758, October 5, Jeremiah Blake and Sarah Gove. 

1763, William Page and Abigail Swain. 

1734, January 13, John Eaton and Hannah Fowler. 

1757, November 7, Elijah Brown and Judah Gould. 
1767, March 10, Samuel James and Meribah Prescott. 

1766, January 30, Philip Burns and Mary Worth. 
September 4, Timothy Worth and Susanna Gove. 

1765, May 23, Rev. Paine Wingate and Eunice Pickering. 
October 23, Nathan Page and Mary Brown. 

1767, December 3, Benjamin Pike and Hannah Hook. 
1773, December 21, Stephen Tilton and Hannah Green. 
1770, May 2, Gideon Marshall and Abigail Randall. 



RECORD OF MARRIAGES. 143 

1778, April 6, Samuel Weare and Hannah Lawless. 
May 26, John Brown and Hannah Sanborn. 
April 26, Nathan Brown, Jr., and Merium Smith. 

1770, February 22. Jonathan Perkins and Rhoda Sanborn. 
1768, November 14, John Batchelder, Jr., and Elisebeth Clark. 

1783, January 16, John Hoyt and Sarah Brown. 

1784, April 16, Joseph Ea^anond and Hannah Dodge. 
1796, John Swain and Eunice Swett. 

1757, August, Eichard Brown and Eaehael Shaw. 
1762, February 26. Meleher Ward and Sarah Shaw. 

1771, January 1, David Batchelder and Mary Emery. 

1777, December 30, Michael Tilton and Lucy Burnham. 

1778, April 7, Henry Roby and Euth Row. 

1793, February 17, Levi Healey and Abigail Dodg'e. 
1774, December 15, George Fifield and Mary Marston. 

MAERIAGES BY REV. SAMUEL LANGDON. 

1781, November 26, John Brown and Mary Brown. 
March 28, Richard Jenness and Mary Coffin. 

1782, March 12, Benjamin Brown and Sarah Healey. 
August 16, Benjamin Hilliard and Hannah Sillea. 
November IS, John Roby and Elizebeth Lane. 

1783, February 10, Peltiah Warren and Peggy Tilton. 
March 29, Charles Chase and Ehoda Dow. 

1784, February 8, Benjamin Swett and Jemima Blake. 

April 15, Valentine Pickering and Sally Toj^pan Pickering. 
June 25, Robert ^Miller and ]Mary Allen. 
August 16, Ephrium Tibbetts and Hannah Green. 
September 27, Aaron Wood and Sally Perkins. 
September 27, Peter Moulton and Mitta Palmer. 
October 1, Maj. Joseph Dow and Elesebeth Weare. 
November 20, Theophilus Sanborn and Betty Batchelder. 
November 30, Joseph Moulton, 3^, and Elesebeth Moulton. 
October IS, Jonathan Fulsom and Sarah Green. 

1785, January" 10, Jacob Blaisdell and Elesebeth Sanborn. 
February 28, William Varrel and Meribah Norton. 
July 19, George Nicholson and Molly Blake. 
September 2, Thomas Sillea and Mehitable Butler. 
October 18, Peter Russel and Mary Weare. 
October 18, Timothy Hilliard and Lucy Blake. 
November 15, Jonathan Cram, Jr., and Rhoda Tilton. 
December 8, Zebulon Dow and Abigail Bragg. 
December 19, Ezekiel Collins and Betty Eaton. 

1786, March 18, James Janvrin and Polly Chase. 
October 30, David Swett and Sarah Batchelder. 
October 30, Jonathan Lane and Lydia Leavitt. 
November 30, John True and Mehitable Cram. 



l-l-l HISTORY OF HAMPTON FALLS. 

1786, December 10, Stephen Chase and Ehoda Blake. 
December 11, Toppan Chase and Hannah Hook. 

1787, January S, Henry Blake and Sarah Tilton. 
April 16, Jacob French and Mary Swain. 

July 3, Samuel Lamprey and Sarah Batchelder. 
August 0, Jeremiah Brown and Elisebeth Prescott. 
December 4, Henry Eanlet and Betty Hall. 
January 1, Benjamin Safford and Judith Vickery. 
17SS, May 3, Xewell Healey and Eunice Wells. 

August 18, Stephen Smith and Hannah Brown. 
Xovember 28, Stephen Hilliard and Dolly Sanborn. 
September 22, Nathan Sherburn and Abiel Blake. 
September 22, Stephen Lang and Hannah Foster. 

1789, May 20. Nathan Dow and Jane Chase. 
Jime 1.5, Charles Page and Abigail Brown. 
October 27, William Eaton and Mary Gove. 

1790, April S, Joseph Mace and Sarah Hanson. 

Xovember 27, Hon. David Sewell and Elisebeth Langdon. 
Xovember 27, Joshua Lane and Lydia Blake. 
1787, April 2, Samuel Prescott, Jr., and X'ancy Healej'. 

1791, July 6, Daniel Fellows and Lydia Ross. 
December 13, John Goddard and Mary Langdon. 
December 19, Jeremiah Lane and Eunice Tilton. 
March 17, Hilliard Sanborn and Sarah Tilton. 
Xovember 30, Jonathan Melcher and Eunice Cram. 

1792, January 23, James Tucker of Pittsfield and Hannah Cram. 
iMarch 1, Lt. Samuel Odlin of Exeter and Polly Graves of Beverly, 

Mass. 
April 19. John Boyd and Polly Blake, both of Seabrook. 
March 15, Joseph ^lelcher and Polly Kowell. 
Septeraber 26, Isaac Marston of Enfield and Ruth Roby. 
X'ovember 15, James Taylor and Martha Green, both of Epping. 

1793, May 30, Stephen Coffin and Betty Elkins. 

July 1, Simon Knowles and Anna Sevej% both of Seabrook. 
Xovember 20, John Tucker of Pittsfield and Betty Cram. 
Xovember 21, Ephrium ^loialton of Kensington and Susanna 
Tilton. 
1789, December 16, Thomas Moulton and Elesebeth Brown. 

1794, March 22, John Rawlings and Annie Swain. 

May 20, Thomas Brown and Abigail Perkins, both of Seabrook. 
May 29, Robert Page of Seabrook and Abigail Been of Kingston. 
July 17, Elisha Chase of Seabrook and Elesebeth Xason. 
Jime 26, Moses Cross of Sanbornton and Hannah Moulton. 
Ji;ly 13, Jacob Smith ^loulton of Hampton and Xancy Tilton. 
August 19, Tristram Cram of Pittsfield and Patience Leavitt. 
September 13, John Fogg of Hampton and Abigail Blake. 
X'ovember 3, James Towle of Hampton and Xancy Lane. 
December 2S, Gideon Marshall, Jr., and Xancy Blaisdell. 



RECORD OF MARRIAGES. 145 

1795, Februarj- 10, Joseph Weare of Kensington and Mary Cram. 

February 12, Ebeneazer Lane of Chichester and Sarah Perkins. 

March 19, Phinneas Felch and Sarah Ward. 

May 4, Eev. John Webster of Sandown and Lois Cram. 

May 27, Walter Williams and Abigail Marshall. 

September 26, Joseph Moulton of Hampton and Oily Bragg of 
Seabrook. 

October 4, Josiah Blake of Moultonboro and Betty Holmes of 
Portsmouth. 

October .5, Daniel Perkins and Rhoda Sanborn of Seabrook. 
1792, August 29, Jacob Brown and Abigail Berry. 
1784, June 19, Benjamin Sanborn and Dorothy Blake. 
1788, Benjamin Sanborn and Hannah Blake. 
1775, October 3, Aaron Merrill and Mercy Leavitt. 

1795, October, Eev. Nathaniel Thayer of Lancaster, Mass., and Sarah 

Toppan of H. 

1796, January 5, Ebeneazer Garland and Mar3' Sanborn, both of Hamp- 

ton. 
January 5, Joseph Garland and Sarah Towle. both of Hampton. 
February 17, Jeremiah Tilton of Kensington and Abigail 

Burnham. 
March, Nathan Page of Epping and Sally Perkins. 
May 9, Xehemiah Brown of Kensington and Polly Bragg of 

Seabrook. 
June 30, Dudley Dodge and Betsy Fifield. 
August 31, Levi Lock of Rye and Hannah Prescott. 
September 13, Jacob Morrill Currier and Sally Chase, both of 

Seabrook. 

1797, February 2, Daniel Clifford of Brentwood and Jemima Brown. 
1795, February 25, William Brown and Elisebeth Berry. 

1763, January 1, Samuel ]\Ielcher, Jr., and Elesebeth Hilliard. 
1790, April 8, Joseph Mace and Sarah Hanson. 

MARRL\GES BY EEV. JACOB ABBOT. 

1798, December 13, Jonathan Lane and Molly Towle. 
1797, April 2, Joseph Perkins and Sally Worthen. 

1799, November 28, Levi Blake and Nancy Tilton of Hampton. 
December 8, Jogeph Lawrence of Epping and Mary Prescott. 

1800, March 11. David Tilton and Mrs. Mary Merrill of Exeter. 

1801, June 9, Josiah Prescott and Molly Tilton. 
July 11. John Falls and Eliza Marshall. 

1802, June 30, Nathan Batchelder of Hawke and Lydia Batchelder. 
April 22, Stephen Tilton and Ehoda Batchelder. 

1803, January 30, Nathaniel Chase of Portland, Me., and Sophia 

Sanborn. 
March 28, Theodore Lovering of Kensington and Betty Brown. 
April 12, Joseph Blake and Nancy Nason. 



146 HISTORY OF HAMPTON FALLS. 

1803, December 12. Dearborn Blake of Kensington and Betsej' Melcher. 

1804, IVovember 15, Jonathan Cram, 3d, and Sally Dodge. 
1808, Xovember 21, Dearborn Lane and Hannah Merrill. 
1764, March 22, David Perkins and Abigail Griffin. 

1793, Januarj' 1, John Sanborn and Elisebeth Batchelder. 

1794, June 8, Jesse Prescott and Abigail ToAvle. 
January 14, Xathan Robie and Lydia Steward. 

1785, November 22, Jonathan Cram and Ehoda Tilton. 
1787, October 4, Simeon Prescott and Ruth Wadleigh. 

1798, March 1, Levi Lane and Anna Batchelder. 

1802, February 11, Eev. Jacob Abbot and Catherine Thayer. 

1799, February 19, Zephaniah Brown and Elisebeth Lane. 

1800, March 1, Ebeneazer Tilton and Sarah Tuck. 

1805, September 3, Benjamin Sinclair and Polly Cram. 

1803, April 7, James Prescott, 3^, and Margaret Babb. 

1806, September 11. Jonathan Tilton and Mary Dodge. 
May 1, Joseph Tilton and Xancy Healey. 

December 19, Horatio Gates Prescott of Gilmanton and Lear 
Prescott Wadleigh. 

1807, February 4, Benjamin Hale of Xewburyport and Sally Wells. 
February 5, Reuben Batchelder and Betsy Tilton. 
September 3, Ehodolphus Dearborn of Xorth Hampton and Betsy 

Tilton. • 
September 9, John Porter and Hannah Weare. 
September 29, Caleb Knight and Betsey Tilton. 

1808, January 6, Xathaniel Tappan of East Kingston and Martha 

Cram. 
June 28, Stephen Dodge and ^Vfary Diman of Stratham. 
September 23, Levi Healey and Eunice Goodwin. 
October 14, David George of Kensington and Eunice Lock, both 
of K. 
1810, March 27, John Bickford of Epsom and Elisebeth Lane. 
October 8, Joseph Plumer of Milton and Sally Brown. 
October 8, Isaiah Berry of Pittsfield and X'ancy Brown. 

1813, Xovember 4, William Otis and Hannah Bowles. 

1818, Xovember 23, Luke Averill and Mrs. Betsey Marshall. 
1810, January 24, Benjamin Brown and X'ancy Wiggin. 
1800, February 19, David Tilton and Mary Merrill. 

1814, April 29, George Vickery and Sally Henderson, both of Exeter. 
July 10, Ephrium Eaton and Sarah Tilton, both of Seabrook. 
September 1, Jonathan Fairfield of Waterville, Me., and Caroline 

Rogers, Exeter. 

December 28, Paul True of Pittsfield and Xancy Cram of H. F. 

December 28, Joseph Sanborn and Betsey Cram. 

December 29, His Excellency John Taylor Oilman and Mrs. Char- 
lotte Hamilton, both of Exeter. 

1809, January 1, Moses Batchelder and Abigail Drake of Hampton. 



RECORD OF MARRIAGES. 147 

1816, February 21, Joseph Prescott Chandler of Monmouth, Me., and 

Hannah Cram. 
April 16, Thomas Marston, Jr., of North Hampton, and Mary 

Leavitt, Hampton. 
April 16, John Moulton and Nancy Shannon, both of Hampton. 
September 16, Joseph Philbrick and Betsey Palmer, both of 

Hampton. 
October 21, Alaxander Hill Everett of Boston and Lucretia 

Orne Peabodj', Exeter. 

1817, January 22, John Nudd and Mary Worthen, both of Kensington. 
May 14, Jewett Sanborn,. Jr., of Kensington, and Betsej^ Melcher. 
June 22, Samuel Perkins of Seabrook and Mary M. Stockman, 

Salisbury. 

June 26, Aaron Merrill and Cynthia Sanborn. 

Jul}' 17, Cajjt. ^^Ij-rick Piper of Stratham and Abigail Johnson, 
Hampton. 

October 9, Levi Tilton, East Kingston, and Betsey Wadleigh, 

Kensington. 
.October 9, John Oilman, Jr., of Exeter and Lavina Lock, Ken- 
sington. 

October 16, Benjamin INfoulton, Jr., Kensington, and Mehitable 
Brown. 

December 28, Theophilus M. Hilliard and Catherine Moulton, both 
of Kensington. 

1818, January 13, John Flanders of Salisbury, Mass., and Euth Dow. 
January 18, Abraham Eowe and Mary Ann Wadleigh. 
February 9, Arno Bitteirs of Roxbury, Mass., and Parmelia 

Melcher. 

March 18, Thomas Leavitt and Polly Marston. 

August 9, Eichard Fisk, Jr., of Framingham, Mass., and Betsey 
Lowell, Kensington. 

September 10, Josiah Rollins and Dorcas P. Flanders of Exeter. 

September 17, John Weare and Sarah W. French, both of Ken- 
sington. 

October 15, Richard Dodge and Clarisa Lock. 

November 26, John Hersty of Berwick, Me., and Elisebeth Dow, 

December 31, Benjamin Webster of East Kingston and SaEy 
Prescott. 

December 31, Luther D. Barter of Salem, Mass., and Mary Tuck 
of Kensington. 
1801, March 3, Jonathan Hardy and Susanna Tilton. 

1819, January 5, Lt. Joseph Akerman and Mrs. Harriet Simmerton. 
April 4, Thomas True Merrill of South Hampton and Olivia 

Merrill. 

June 24, Oliver James and ]\Ieriam Sias. 

November 11, Nathaniel Robinson of Concord and Deborah Gil- 
more of Exeter. 

December 27, Moses Leavitt of Chichester and Sarah Blake. 



148 HISTORY OF HAMPTON FALLS. 

1820, i-ebruary 28, Peter Tilton and Sarah Gilbert. 

March 2, Richard B. Prescott and Mary Pervear, both of Kingston. 
May 16, Enoch Greenlief and Betsy J. Davis, both of Seabrook. 
June 8, Samuel Fellows and Betsey Sanborn, both of Kensing-ton. 
September 19, James Dearborn and Jemima Nudd, both of Ken- 
sington. 
December 21, Jonathan Nason and Mary Gordon. 
1810, March 7, Benjamin Tilton and Sarah Marston. 

1821, February 26, Sewell Wadleigh and Susan Sanborn, both of Ken- 

sington. 

June 16, Lt. William Judkins and Annie Smith, both of Kingston. 

June 17, Joshua Eaton, 3^, and Dorcas Eaton, both of Seabrook. 

November 12, Isaac L. Fairbanks of Winthrop, Me., and Ehoda 
Cram. 

December 2, William Palmer and Dolly Lock, both of Ken- 
sington. 

1822, January 24, Jonathan ]M. Lock and Mary Elkins, both of Hampton. 
January 30, Robert Smith Prescott and Almira Melcher. 

March 20, Joseph Cram and Sally Sanborn. 

June 4, Joseph Moulton and Jemima Dearborn, both of Ken- 
sington. 

June 4, Abraham Smith and Mary Chase, both of Seabrook. 

November 19, George Falls and Sarah Brown, both of Seabrook. 

December 22, Ebeneazer Pearson of Newburyport and Lydia 
Weare, Kensington. 
1817, February 27, Thomas Brown and Elisebeth Drake. 

1823, January 13, Samuel Batchelder of Pittsfield and Mary Ann Lane. 
January 30, Nathaniel Cotton and Sally Blake, both of Hampton. 
February 13, Newell Brown and Abigail Leavitt, both of Seabrook. 
April 3, William Henry Hartwell and Abigail Rogers, both of 

Exeter. 
July 28, John Gale and Harriet Boynton, both South Hampton. 

1824, January 1, Samuel Towle and Fanny Jenness. 
January 1, Joseph Akerman and Ruth Williams. 

January 1, Jonathan Smith of South Hampton and Betsy Weare, 

Seabrook. 
January 24, John P. Sanborn and Sally Cram. 
April 20, Caleb Tilton Sanborn and Polly Melcher. 
June 9, Rev. Thomas Tracy of Biddeford, Me., and Ann Bromfield 

of Newburyport. 
June 17, Moses Shaw and Martha Hoag, both of Kensington. 
July 1, Giles Eaton and Waty Collins. 
October 25, Edward I. Sanborn and Charlotte Gove, both of 

Kensington. 
September 14, Joseph Batchelder and Sarah Philbrick, both of 

Rye. 
1821, February 1, Henry Roby and Dilla Drake. 



RECORD OF MARRIAGES. 149 

1825, February d6, Moses Thomijson of Deerfield and Olive Fellows of 

Kensing'ton. 

March 15, Daniel Caldwell of Aug-usta, Me., and Abigail Batch- 
elder. 

March 29, Daniel Levering of North Hampton and Rhoda Tilton 
of H. F. 

April 3, Jacob Green and Nancy George, both of Seabrook. 

May 26, TapjDan Chase of H. F. and Abigail Chase of Seabrook. 

July 28, Henry Brown and Hannah G. Chase, both of Seabrook. 

September 25, Eeuben Smith and Merrium Morrill, both of Sea- 
brook. 

November 24. Joseph Brown of Kensington and Mary Ann Weare 
of Seabrook. 

November 29, Daniel Lord of South Berwick, Me., and Sally Goss. 

December 7, Benjamin Rowe and Lydia Chase, both of Seabrook. 

1826, January 4, Caleb Searle of Rowley, Mass., and Annie C. Sanborn 

of Kingston. 
February 20, .Joshua Janvrin and Mary Dodge. 
August 29, Samuel D. Bell of Chester and Mary Healey of Ken- 
sington. 
1818, Aaron Sanborn and Lydia Leavitt. 
1795, Thomas Leavitt and Hannah Melcher. 

MARRIAGES BY REV. MOSES DOW. 

1830, September 23, Daniel L. Gove and Eunice H. Hull, both of Sea- 

brook. 

1831, January 1, Richard C. Marsh and Mary M. Pike. 

January 20, William Lane of Newbury, Mass., and Lucretia Pres- 
cott. 

June 14, Nehemiah Brown and Rebecca Page, both of Kensington. 

July 4, John Collins, Jr., and Jemima M. Sanborn, both of Ken- 
sington. 

October 10, Josiah P. Moody of Lowell, INIass., and Hannah Do^v. 

November 24, Col. Barnard Jewell of South Hampton and Maria 
French, Kensington. 

November 24, Retire H. Parker of Bradford, Mass., and Hannah 
Chase, H. F. 

1832, April 23, David Marston and Sarah Ann Dearborn, both Hampton. 
April 24, George Garland and Eliza M. Marston, both of Hampton. 
May 3, David Chase, Jr., and Sally Janvrin, both of Seabrook. 
May 22, George E. Sillsbee of Bradford, Mass., and Hannah 

P. Wells. 
July, Thomas Capen of Stoughton, Mass., and Hannah Melcher. 
October 4, David Flemming of Stratham and Eunice Williams. 
October 4, Enoch Chase and Betsy Fogg, both of Seabrook. 

1833, February 10, Israel Tibbetts of Salisbury, Mass., and Eliza James, 

Kensington. 



150 HISTORY OF HAMPTON FALLS. 

:\L\KE1AGES FKO:\[ THE TOWN EECORDS. 

1S35, January IS, John Philbrick and Adaline Lock, both of Seabrook. 

August 25, Benjamin Hoit Tilton and Adaline Sanborn, both 
East Kingston. 

April 13, Benjamin Taylor and Mary Leavitt. 

April 13, Walter P. Dow of Seabrook and Belinda Smith, H. F. 

October 12, John Chase, Jr.. and Harriet X. Eaton, both of Sea- 
brook. 

November 1, Francis Holmes of Boston. Mass., and Xancy Brown 
of Seabrook. 
1835, Xovember 25, Oliver Ayer and Caroline P. Garland of Xew York. 

1834, May 8, John B. Brown and Sarah M. Leavitt. 
1838, January 1, Oliver Hobbs and Elisebeth A. Blake. 

1827, January 18, Samuel Brown and Sarah Lane of Pittsfield. 
1833, March 19, Josiah BroAvn and Elisebeth Batchelder. 

1838, April 29, Jacob Perkins of Reading. Mass., and Eunice L. Cram. 
August 29, Elezar Johnson of Salisbury and Mary A. French, 

Kensington. 
December 27, Caleb Woodbury of Xewbury, Mass., and Eunice 
T. Prescott. 

1835, January 15, True M. Prescott and Sarah Ann Pike. 

1839, Henry L. Dwight and Sarah A. Dow, both of Seabrook. 

July 15, Stacy L. Xudd of Hampton and !Mary A. Dow of Sea- 
brook. 
July 25, Elbridge G. Lane of Exeter and Elisebeth M. Moses. 
August 11, Daniel Eastman and Matilda Dow, both of Seabrook. 
June 3, Daniel Gove and Almira Brown. 
September 22, John C. Gove and Ann Smith. 

1840, January- 15, Oliver Eaton and Merium H. Dow. both of Seabrook. 
Januarj' 30, Weare D. Tilton and Lxicy Dow of Kensington. 
October 3, Rev. Isaac Woodbury of Haverhill, Mass., and Lucy 

Arnold of H. F. 
October 3. George Turner of Amesbury and Sarah Lane. 

1842, October 20, Richard C. Marsh and Hannah Pray. 

Xovember 10, Samuel P. Moulton and Betsey J. Brown of Popping". 
1844, March 4, Richard C. Laurence of Philadelphia and Lucy J. Mas- 
ters, H. F. 
January- 17, Xathaniel Chase of Lynn and Elizebeth Chase, H. F. 
Januarj' 25, Samuel Pervear and Angeline Gove. 

1843, May 7, Jeremiah Wadleigh and Elisebeth Blake, both of Ken- 

sington. 
May 8, Jonathan Rowe and Ruth Wadleigh. both of Kensington. 
1847, April 15, Jeremiah Lane and Adeline Baker. 
1843, Xovember 10, Samuel P. Tuck and Jane M. Knight. 

December 10, George M. Pendergast of Charleston, Mass, and 
Sarah X'. Dearbon, Kensington. 
1S45, Xovember 5, Sylvester Abbott, Andover, Mass., and Rhoda Batch- 
elder. 
October 15, Emery Stevens of EfBngham and Eliza Ann Prescott. 




ALICE BROWN. 

AUTHOR OF 



Stratforcl-by-the Sea. [Henry Holt cO r,; | 

188-1. 
Fools of Xatui-e. [rirknor A- Co.\ 1837. 

Threp Heroines of New England Romance. 

1 Willi Harriet Prescott Spottorrt and 

i.,ouise Imogen (lUinej-. fjttif, liroicn 

& C'c.J ISftx 
Meadow-Grass. [CopeUind & Den/.] 1895. 
Kohert Louis Stevenson : A Study. fWith 

Louise Imogen Guinej-. CdjuhiiKi it- 

Muy.\ 1895. 



The Rose of Hope. [Cnpelaiul i£- Day.] 
1896. 

The Road to Castaly. [C'opeland ct- Day.] 
189G. 

Life of Mercv Warren. [C/ias. Scribncr's 
NO//.S-. I 189C. 

15y Oak and Thorn. [Houg/ilon <t- Mifflin.] 

1S9G. 
The Day of His Youth. [Houqliton & Mif- 

liiii.] 1897. 
Tivf rton Tales. 1899. 



See page 545. 



\ 



BIOGEAPHICAL SKETCHES. 



EEY. STEPHEN BACHILER. 

Me. Bachilee uas born in England in 1551 and received orders 
in the Established Chnrch. In the early part of his life he enjoyed 
a good reputation, but being disj^leased with some of the ceremonies 
of the chnrch and refusing to continue his conformity, he was de- 
prived of his permission to perform her services. On leaving Eng- 
land, Mr. Bachiler went with his family to Holland, where he re- 
sided several years. He then returned to London, from which place 
he sailed on the 9th of March, 1632, in the William & Francis, 
Mr. Thomas, master, with sixty passengers, including ]\lr. Bachiler 
and his family. They arrived at Boston on the 5th of June, after 
a tedious passage of eighty-eight days. He was 71 years of age 
when he arrived in this country, and removed with his family to 
Lynn, where his daughter, Theodate Hussey, wife of Christopher 
Hussey, resided. In his company were six persons who had be- 
longed to a church with him in England, and of those he constituted 
a church at Lynn, to which he admitted such as were desirous of 
becoming members, and immediately commenced the exercise of 
the ministerial duties without installation. One of his first minis- 
trations was to baptize four children, born before his arrival, two of 
whom, Thomas Newhall and Stephen Hussey, were born the same 
week. Thomas, being the older, was first presented. Mr. Bachiler 
put him aside, saying "I will baptize my own child first." Mr. 
Bachiler had been in the performance of his pastoral duties about 
four months when a complaint was made of some irregularities in 
his conduct. He was arraigned before the court in Boston, on the 
3d of October, when the following order was passed: 

Mr Bachiler is required to forbear exercising his gifts as a pastor, 
or teacher publiquely in our patent unless it be to those he brought 
with him, for his contempt of authoritj^ and till some scandals be 
removed. 

151 



152 HISTORY OF HAMPTON FALLS. 

In the course of a few months Mr. Bachiler so far succeeded in 
regaining the esteem of the i^eople that the injunction that he 
should not preach in the colony was, on the 4th of March, removed, 
which left him at liberty to resume the performance of his public 
services. 

The dissension, which had commenced in Mr Bachiler's church 
at an early period, began again to assume a formidable appearance. 
Some of the members disliked the conduct of the pastor, and, withal, 
making question whether there were a church or not, withdrew 
from the communion. In consequence of this a council of min- 
isters was held on the loth of March. Being unable to produce a 
reconciliation, they appointed another meeting and went to attend 
a lecture in Boston. Mr. Bachiler then requested the disaffected 
members to present their grievances in writing, but as they refused 
he resolved to excommunicate them, and wrote to the ministers at 
Boston, who immediately returned to Lynn. After a deliberation of 
three days, they decided that although the church had not been 
properly instituted, yet the mutual exercise of their religious duties 
had supplied the defect. 

The difficulties in ]\Ir. Bachiler's church did not cease with the 
decision of the council, but continued to increase till ]\[r Bachiler, 
perceiving no prospect of their termination, rec^uested a dismission 
for himself and first members, which was granted. 

Winthrop's history says he was convened before the magistrates. 
"The cause was for that coming out of England with a small body of 
six or seven persons, and having since received as many more at 
Saugus (Lynn) and contention growing between him and the great- 
est part of his church who had at first received him for their pastor, 
he desired dismission for himself and his first members, which, 
being granted, upon supposition that he would leave town (as he 
had given out), he, with the six or seven persons, presently renewed 
their old covenant, intending to raise another church in Saugus, 
whereat the most and chief of the town being offended for that it 
would cross their intentions of calling Mr. Peters or some other 
minister, they complained to the magistrates, who, foreseeing the 
distraction Avhich Avas like to come by this course, had forbidden him 
to proceed in any such church way until the cause were considered 
by the other ministers, etc. But he refused to desist, whereupon 
they sent for him and, upon his delay day after day, the marshal was 
sent to fetch him. L^pon his appearance and submission and prom- 
ise to move out of town within three months, he was discharged." 



BIOGRAPHICAL SKETCHES. 153 

He was admitted a freeman on the Gth of May, 1635, and re- 
moved from Lynn in February, 1636. He went to Ipswich, where 
he received a grant of fifty acres of land and had the prospect of a 
settlement bnt, some difficulties having arisen, he left the place. 
In the very cold Avinter of 1637, he went on foot, with some of his 
friends, to Matakees, now Yarmouth (he then being 76 years of age), 
a distance of about one hundred miiles. There he intended to plant 
a town and establish a church, but, finding the difficulties great and 
his company being all poor men, he relinquished the design. 

He then went to Newbury where, on the 6th of July, 163S, the 
town granted him and his son-in-law, Christopher Hussey, two por- 
tions of land, which had formerly been given to Edward Eawson, 
secretary of state, and Mr. Edward Woodman. On the (kh of 
September the General Court of Massachusetts granted him permis- 
sion to commence a settlement at "Winnecumett, now Hampton. In 
1639 the inhabitants of Ipswich voted to give him sixty aci'es of 
land on Whortleberry hill and twenty acres of meadow if he would 
relinquish their previous grant of fifty acres and reside Avith them 
three years, but he did not accept their invitation. On the 5th 
of July he and Christopher Hussey sold their lands in Xewbury 
to Mr. John Oliver for ''Six score pounds," and went to Hampton, 
where a town was begun and a church gathered, of which Mr. Bach- 
iler became the minister. His company consisted of himself as 
pastor; Mr. Timothy Dalton, teacher; Christopher Hussey, Mary 
Hussey, his mother, and twelve others. 

Mr. Bachiler had a grant of 10 acres for a house lot; 21 acres of 
fresh meadow by Taylor's river, and 17 acres between the beach and 
the East field; 15 acres of planting ground, part of it being near 
his house and the rest in the East field; 200 acres for a farm next 
to Salisbury line, 16 acres of which was fresh meadow, 120 acres 
upland, the residue in salt marsh. The residue of his 200 acres, 
given the 21:tli of October, 1639, is yet to be appointed. It appears 
from the town records that he presented the first bell to the town 
early in 1640. 

That he was a man of good judgment and was considered upright, 
upon his first settling in Hampton, may be inferred from his having 
been selected umpire in an important controversy existing between 
George Cleaves and John Wreiter, involving the title of some real 
estate in Sperwink, and also defamation of character on the part 
of Cleaves. This dispute was refprrer^ to Mr. Bachiler and four 



154 HISTORY OF HAMPTON FALLS. 

others, and the ^^arties were severally bound in the sum of £1,000 
sterling to submit to their award. These referees reported on the 
same day at Saco, June 28, 1611, where 'Mv. Bachiler seems to 
heve been at that time. 

Mr. Bachiler, the pastor of the church at Hampton, who had 
suffered much at the hands of bishops in England, being about 80 
years of age, and having a lusty and comely woman to his wife, did 
solicit the chastity of his neighbor's wife, who acquainted her 
husband therewith, whereupon he was dealt with, but denied it, 
as he had told the woman he would do, and complained to the magis- 
trates against the woman and her husband for slandering him. 
The church likewise dealing with him, he stiflfly denied it, but soon 
after, when the Lord's supper was to be administered, he did vol- 
untarily confess the attempt and that he did intend to have defiled 
her if she would have consented. The church being moved with 
his free confession and tears, silently forgave him and communi- 
cated with him, but after finding how scandalous it was they took 
advice of other elders, and, after long debate and much pleading and 
standing upon the church's forgiving and becoming reconciled to 
him in communicating with him after he had confessed it, they pro- 
ceeded to cast him out. 

After this he went on in a variable course, sometimes seeming 
ver}' penitent, soon after excusing himself and casting blame upon 
others, especially his fellow elder, Mr. Dalton (who indeed had not 
carried himself in this case so well as became him, and was brought 
to see his failing and acknowledged' it to the elders of the other 
churches, who had taken much pains about this matter). So he be- 
haved himself to the elders when they dealt with him. He was ofi 
and on for a long time, and when he seemed most penitent, so as 
the church was ready to have received him in again, he would fall 
back again, and, as it were, repent of his repentance. In this time 
his house with nearly all his substance was consumed by fire. When 
he had continued excommunicated nearly two years, and much agi- 
tation had been about the matter, and the church was divided so 
he could not be received in, at length the matter was referred to 
some magistrates and elders, and by their mediation he was re- 
leased of his excommunication, but not received to his pastor's office. 
Upon occasion of this meeting for mediation, Mr. Wilson of Boston 
wrote a letter to him, which Governor Wintlirop speaks very 
highly of, but it is not now known to be in existence. 



BIOGRAPHICAL SKETCHES. 155 

The contentions in Hampton were grown to a o-reat height, the 
whole town was divided into two factions, one with Mr. Bachiler, 
their late pastor, and the other with Mr. Dalton, their teacher. 
Both men were passionate and wanting- in discretion and modera- 
tion. Their differences were not in matters of opinion, Init of prac- 
tice. Mr. Dalton's party heing mostly of the church, and so freemen, 
had great advantage of the other, though a considerable party, and 
some of them of the church also. The former carried all affairs, both 
in church and town, according to their own minds, and not with that 
respect to their brethren and neighbors which had been fit. Divers 
meetings had been held, both of magistrates and elders, and parties 
had been reconciled, but broke out again, each side Ijeing apt to 
take fire upon any provocation; whereupon Mr. Bachiler was ad- 
vised to remove and was called to Exeter, whither he intended to 
go, but they were divided and at great difference also. AVhen one 
party had appointed a day of humiliation to gather a new church 
and call Mr. Bachiler, the court sent order to stop it, for they con- 
sidered they were not in a fit condition for such a work, and Mr. 
Bachiler had been in other places before and through his means, as 
was supposed, the churches fell to such divisions as no peace could 
be had until he was removed. At this court there came petition 
against petition, both from Hampton and Exeter, whereupon the 
court ordered two of the magistrates to Ije sent to Hampton with 
full 250wer to hear and determine all differences there. 

He probably continued in Hampton until 1647. He was living 
in Portsmouth on the 20tli of A]jril of that year, and resided there 
three years. In 1G50 lie married his third wife, being then nearly 
90 years of age (89). In May he was fined by the court ten pounds 
for not publishing his marriage according to lavr, half of which 
fine was remitted in October. In the same year the court passed 
the following order in consequence of a matrimonial disagreement: 

As is ordered bj' the Court, that Mr. Bachiler and his wife shall live 
together as man and wife, as in the Court they have publiquely 
professed to do, and if either desert one another then hereby the 
Court doth order that ye Marshall shall apprehend both ye said 
Mr. Bachiler and Mary his wife and bring them forthwith to Boston. 
There to be kept till the next quarter Court of assistants, that further 
consideration may be had. — Both of them moving for a divorce, and 
this order shall be sufficient warrant to do so. Provided notwith- 
standing that if thev' x^ut in £ .50, Each of them for their appearance 
with such sureties as the commissioners or any one of them for the 



156 HISTORY OF HAMPTON FALLS. 

County shall think good to accept of, — That then they shall be under 
their bail to appear at the next Court of assistants. And in case 
Mary Bachiler shall live out of the jurisdiction, without mutual con- 
sent for a time, that then the Clark shall give notice to the magis- 
trate at Boston of her absence that further order may be taken theron. 

Soon after this order, Mr. Bachiler returned to En^rland, where 
he married his fourth wife, his third wife, Mary, being still living. 
In October, 1656, she petitioned the court, in the following words, 
to free her from her husband: 

To the Honored Gov. Depufy Governor, with the magistrates and 
Deputies at the General Court at Boston. — The humble petition of 
Mary Bachiler sheweth, Wheras your petitioner having formerly lived 
with Mr. Stephen Bachiler in this Colony as his lawful wife & not 
unknown to divers of jou as I concieve, and the said Mr. Bachiler 
upon some pretended ends of his own has transported himself unto 
Old England, for many years since and betaken himself to another 
wife, as your petitioner hath often been credibly informed, and there 
continued. Wherbj' your petitioner is left destitute not only of a 
guide to herself and her children. But also made incapable therby of 
disposing herself in the way of marriage to any other without a law- 
ful permission, and now having two children upon her hands that are 
chargable to her in regard to a disease God has been pleased to lay 
upon them both, which is not easily curable, and has so weakened 
her estate in prosecuting the means of cure That she is not able 
longer to subsist without utterly ruining her estate, or exposing her- 
self to the common charity of others which your petitioner is loth 
to put herself upon, if it may be lawfully avoided as is well known to 
all or most part of her neighbors. And were she free from her en- 
gagement to Mr. Bachiler might probably so dispose of herself as 
that she might obtain a meet helper to assist her to procure such means 
for her livelihood and the recovery of her children's health as might 
keep them from perishing, which your petitioner to her great grief 
is much afraid of, if not timely prevented. — Your petitioner's humbly 
request therfore is that this Honored Court would be pleased seri- 
ously to consider her condition for matter of her relief in her free- 
dom from the said Mr. Bachiler and that she may be at liberty to 
dispose of herself in respect of any engagement to him as in your 
wisdom shall seem most Expedient, and your petitioner Shall humbly 

prav &■ CO 

MAKY BACHILER. 

What order Avas taken upon this petition is not known, nor 
whether the old lady was successful in getting married again, to 
which she seemed to have a strong inclination and, judging from 
the tenor of the language of the above petition, some engagement 



BIOGRAPHICAL SKETCHES. 157 

of the kind could be had, provided she succeeded in having the 
prayer of the said petition granted. jS^either is it known Avho she 
was before her unfortunate marriage with Mr. Bachiler. She was 
probably a widow, and the two infirm children spoken of were by 
a former husband. Plow many more wives Mr. Bachiler married 
after this remains to be ascertained. 

When Hampton was divided into 147 shares, December 22, 1645, 
two of the shares were granted Mr. Bachiler, besides his farm, but 
on the 2d of December, 1647, the farm was given to Mr. Wheel- 
wright, unless the said Wheelwright removed from the town without 
permission of the church. In that case the farm was to revert 
back again to the town. These conditions were taken off by a vote 
of the town on the 27th of October, 1G49, and the farm given Mr. 
Wheelwright freely, and at the same time it was mentioned as 
having been bought of William Howard and Thomas Ward. On 
the 6th of February, 1G50, there appears to have been the follo\^dng 
vote passed: 

It is agreed at a public meeting of the freemen that the 3 men, that 
is to say, William Fuler, William Esto, & Thomas Paybody, as they 
are summoned So to answer Mr. Bachiler's action at Salisbury Court 
in the town's behalf. — It is supposed that this action was respecting 
the farm. There is no further mention made in the records of it. 

It is probable that Mr. Bachiler was not very popular with the 
people of Hampton after this, as we find a vote of the town, passed 
jSTovember 21, 1657, to pay all the charges of prosecuting a peti- 
tion concerning Mr. Bachiler's exemption to the General Court. 
This is the last record of his being in the countr}^ which is known. 
There does not seem to have been any right claimed by any person 
in his name to shares in the common lands in Hampton after 1650. 

He died in Hackney, in England, aged about 100 years. Not- 
withs.ta.nding his errors and follies he had undoubtedly many 
virtues or he would not have had so many friends, and they would 
not have continued with him through every change in his fortune. 
Christopher Hussey, John Cross, and Moses Cox were among his 
followers. Prince says he was a man of fame in his day; a gentle- 
man of learning, and ingenuity, and wrote a fine and curious hand. 

It was on his separation from the church at Lynn, and his sub- 
sequent misfortunes, that Mr. Edward Johnson, in his "Wonder- 
working Providence," wrote the following lines: 



158 HISTORY OF HAMPTON FALLS. 

Throug- ocean large Christ brought thee for to feed 

His wandering flock with words thou oft has taught. 
Then teach thj^self with others thou hast need. 

Thy flowering- fame unto low ebb is brought. 
Faith and obedience Christ full near hath joined 

Then trust on Christ and thou then again must be 
Brought on thy race though now far cast behind 

Run to the end and crowned thou shalt be. 

Lewis, in his history of Lynn, mentions five children only. 
The names of two others are known. The name of neither of his 
wives before marriage is known. His children were, — 

1. Theodata, who married Christopher Hussey and settled in 

Hampton, afterwards living upon what was known as the 
Hussey farm, Hampton Falls. 

2. Deborah, who married John AVing of Lynn, and removed to 

Sandwich in 1637. 

3. Daughter, who married a Sanborn and had three sons, all 

born before 1C47. Their names were John, Ste})hen, and Wil- 
liam, and they all settled at Hampton. 

4. Nathaniel. Eev. Timothy Dalton gave him one hundred acres 

of land, being a p^rt of the farm granted him by the town at 
Sagamore hill. Xathaniel, 2d, settled here, on the farm now 
occupied by John T. Batchelder, where his descendants have 
continued to live. 

5. A Son, who removed to Reading, where he had a son, Henry, 

Avho came to Lynn, where several families of his descendants 
lived. 

6. Francis. In a letter from Stephen Bachiler to his brother 

Nathaniel, dated London, April 23, 1685, he says he has lost 
£1,500 "by our brother, Francis Bachiler." 

7. Stephen, who was living in London A^iril 23, 1685, where he 

was probably in good circumstances. At that date he had lost 
£2,500 sterling by his brother Francis, and others, previously, 
yet then he describes himself to be in such a situation as not 
being beholden to any relative. He seems to have been a man 
of good education and a good penman. He mentions a brother 
Winbourne. He spells his name Bachiler, as did also Na- 
thaniel. 

Eev. Stephen Bachiler s descendants are very numerous. There 
are not less than one hundred living in Hampton Falls at the 
present time, and probably as many, or more, in Hampton. 



BIOGRAPHICAL SKETCHES. 159 

Tlie farm grantecl ]\rr. Bachiler, of 200 acres, at Salis1)iiry bounds, 
was bounded on the south by the Eocks road, so called, now in Sea- 
brook, and included what is now occupied by the Browns and 
Locks. This farm was afterwards granted by the toAvn to Eev. -John 
Wheelwright, and later sold by him to John Cass. This farm was 
bounded on the south l)y what was then known as the Shapleigh line. 

EEV. TIMOTHY DALTOX. 

Eev. Timothy J^alton was one of the first settlers of Dedham, 
about 1635. He lived a short time in Watertown before this, but 
was supposed to have owned no proi^erty there. He sold his prop- 
erty in Dedham to Mr. Parkhurst of Watertown, who was his brother- 
in-law, and who afterwards sold it to Mr. Michael Powell of Charles- 
town for £70, payable one half the first year and the remainder the 
second year, in corn or money, either to Mr. Dalton or Mr. Park- 
hurst. Dalton came, in company with Mr. Bachiler and thirteen 
others, most of whom were related to one or the other of them, to 
Hampton in 1638, and commenced a settlement, Bachiler being the 
pastor and Dalton the teacher of the church. There were frequent 
quarrels between them and their respective friends. October 24, 
1639, he had 300 acres of land allotted to him which, on April 30, 
1610, was assigned as follows: ''10 acres for a house lott, as it is 
layd out, 14 acres of fresh meadow, wherof 10 were near Bro. 
Crosses, A piece near his own sellar, the rest where it shall be found, 
15 acres of planting ground near Taylor's river, near Sagamore 
hill, 200 acres for a farm as it is in haste laid out, near Taylor's 
river. There being 23^ acres (or thereabout) of fresh meadow 120 
acres of upland & the rest in salt marsh, where it may be had.'' The 
residue of his 300 acres, given October 24, 1639, is yet to be located. 
March 29, 1640, he was chosen, with Mr. Hussey and John Moul- 
ton, to set the bounds between Hampton and Colchester (Salisbury). 
June 25, 1640, he and five others were chosen to go and view the 
highway toward the same place. February 19, 1641, he was ap- 
pointed on the committee to confer about a feriy place. December 
23, 1645, he was to have 3 of the 147 shares besides his farm. On 
the 12th of February, 1647, Mr. Wheelwright received a call because 
Mr. Dalton had labored beyond his strength and ability of nature. 
It would seem from the vote that his health had failed, and from 
this cause Avas not adequate to fulfill the duties of the office. He, 



160 HISTORY OF HAMPTON FALLS. 

however, received £40 per annum for his services for four years 
afterwards, for which amoiint he discharged the town in consider- 
ation of his having from them a farm at Salisbury bounds, and 
another at Sagamore hill. It is probable that he did not receive 
any salary after 1652, or that he performed any duties appertaining 
to the office of teacher, although his connection with the town or 
church may not have been dissolved by any formal vote. He must 
have been 75 years of age, and was doubtless aiSicted by the infirm- 
ities usual to old people. 

On the 12th of March, 1656, he bought of James Davis, Sr., 
fifteen acres of land for a large sum of money, and on the 12th 
of May, 1656, he bought of Thomas Moulton all his lands, com- 
monage, house, etc., for and in consideration of one hundred pounds 
in hand. This land consisted of ten acres for a house lot and ten 
of planting land, adjoining. The twenty acres are in the windmill 
lot, ten acres fresh meadow, five acres of planting in the East field, 
share No. 43 in the ox common, and three shares in the cow common. 

The toAvn, being anxious to procure the ser\dce3 of Rev. Seaborn 
Cotton, upon the departi;re of Rev. Mr. Wheelwright, chose a com- 
mittee to wait upon Mr. Dalton and make some agreement with him 
respecting his relinquishing his house for the use of the minister. 
Accordingly an agreement was made on the 12th of , 1657. 

In consideration of the towns building- an addition in front of the 
house which he bought of Thomas Moulton 36 ft by 20, with a brick 
chimney, with two flues, to be finished with doors and windows, glazed, 
& floor layed, & to be fixed as convenient as the house where he now 
dwelleth, and the old house to be covered with boards and shingles 
and the floor laid & Mr. Dalton consents to remove there and relin- 
quish the house and lands to the town, for the use of the ministry 

The purchase alluded to in the above agreement was a deed of 
his home lot, containing 20 acres and extending from the Shaw 
land to the Green, which was the only front it had on the road; 
14 acres adjoining it; another small piece of meadow, of which the 
bounds are given but the quantity is not stated, and 3 acres of up- 
land joining his 20-acre lot, together with his house and appur- 
tenances; one share in the ox common and three shares in the cow 
common, which deed was given to the church and town for the 
use of the town, in consideration of the town's paying him £200, 
in equal annual payments of £20, in cattle or corn at the market 
price. This deed was signed by him December 28, 1657, and 



BIOGRAPHICAL SKETCHES. 161 

acknowledged b}^ himself and wife April 12, 1658. Dalton then 
moved to the Moiilton place, which was where Captain Jona. 
Palmer formerly lived. 

This purchase of a house and lands from Mr. Dalton has been a 
fruitful source of lawsuits. Mr. Dalton was connected by rela- 
tionship, either of himself or wife, with several of the first settlers 
of the town. Jasper Blake was one and named a son for him, to 
whom Mr. Dalton gave one hundred acres of land; Emanuel Hil- 
liaxd was another and had a son Timothy, who received a like pres- 
ent of one himdred acres. The Smiths and Bachilers were con- 
nected with his wife by marriage. In consequence of a disturbance 
at Dover in 16-11, between Mr. Knolls and friends and Mr. Larkam 
and his party, the General Court ordered Mr. Bradstreet, one of 
the magistrates, together with Mr. Peter and Mr. Dalton, two of 
the elders, to go there and endeavor to reconcile matters and to 
report to them, etc. They at length accomplished the object of 
their mission. Of therr journey homeward. Governor "Winthrop 
gives the following account: 

Mr. Peter and Mr. Dalton with one from Atamenticus, went from 
Piscataquack, with JNIr. .John Ward who was to be entertained there 
for their minister, and wandered two days and one night, without 
food or fire, in the snow and wet, But God heard their prayers, and 
when they were quite spent he brought them to the sea side near the 
place they were to go to. Blessed forever be his name. 

Johnson, in his "Wonder- Working Providence," styles him the 
"Eeverend, grave & gracious Mr. Dalton," and gives the following 
verses as a short remembrance of him, having before given Mr. 
Bachiler a similar memorial: 

Dalton doth teach perspicuously and sound 

With wholesome truth of Christ thy flock doth feed 

Thy honor with thy labor doth abound. 

Age crowns thy head in righteousness, proceed 

To batter down, root ujj and quite destroj^ 

All heresies and errors that draw back 
Unto perdition and Christ's folks annoy. 

To war for him thou weapons does not lack. 

Long days to see, that longs for day to come 

Of Babel's fall, and Israel's quiet peace 
Thou must live of dayes so great a sum 

To see this work, let not thj' warfare cease. 



162 HISTORY OF HAMPTON FALLS. 

Mr. Daltou was considered a sound and able divine by his con- 
temporaries. He -o'as a good penman. Several mstrnments drawn 
up by him are Avritten in an excellent manner, although their pecu- 
liar phraseology show him to have been a clergyman, and evince 
a want of knowledge of legal forms. He was careful and strict in 
his worldly affairs and accumulated property rapidly. iVn original 
a^^-ard of two of his church is extant, to whom the subject of Wil- 
liam Fifield's cutting timber for pipe staves on land granted by 
the town to Mr. Dalton was referred. They decide that if the 
bolts are worth more when made into staves than the trees would 
have been when standing, although staves were then of little value, 
Mr. Fifield is to receive a compensation for his labor; but if other- 
wise Mr. Dalton is to be indemnified for his loss in having the 
trees cut, and they acquit Mr. Fifield of committing any intentional 
trespass in felling the trees. This curious award, which illustrates 
the love of property Mr. Dalton possessed, bears date of November 
2, 1643. The referees were "William Howard and William Fuller. 
Another instance of this propensity is found in the following receipt, 
taken from the town' records October 2, ICjI: 

Whearas the town of Hampton ^vas to pay unto Mr. Timothy Dalton 
for the four years last past the sum of £160, The four years ending 
at midsummer last j)fist, — The S^ Timothj' Dalton doth herebj"'dis- 
charge the S<i town of Hamilton of the money due for S<1 four years, 
Saving yet 40s which ajipears to be justly lost in the rates. — And as for 
such persons as appear to be indebted to the S<1 Mr. Dalton they are 
still liable to demands, and upon refusing to pay they are liable to the 
liberty- of the law. — To this writing I have set my hand the daj- and 
year above saved 

TIMOTHY DALTON. 

November 26, 1G51, he discharges the town of Hampton from 
all debts and dues for his ministry, in consideration of the two 
farms which were given him at Salisbury line and Sagamore hill. 

A comparison of the amount paid by him for the Thomas Moul- 
ton lands and the amount paid l)y the town, including the new house 
built for him, for their purchase made of him, although the town 
may have contemplated making him a present of a part of it for his 
former services, goes to show that he understood how to make a good 
bargain for himself; and that he meant that the town should per- 
form every iota of the bargain on their part is also shown by his giv- 
ing in his will whatever remained due of the sum of £200, at the 
time of his decease, to his brother Philemon and his brothers son 



BIOGRAPHICAL SKETCHES. 163 

Samuel, on condition that they should pay his widow Eutli £10 per 
annum during hep life. 

The idea that has become prevalent that the Hampton ministerial 
funds came through the munificence of Mr. Dalton seems to have 
been erroneous. 

There appears to be no correct account of the time or place of 
Mr. Dalton's Inrth. He died, says the record, October 28, 1661, at 
2 o'clock in the morning, leaving a will dated April 8, 1658, one 
month after his bargain with the town. He gives his wife Euth 
the Moulton property and all his personal estate, and appointed her 
sole executrix. He gives to his brother Philemon and nephew Sam- 
uel the amount to be paid by the town, on condition of their paying 
his widow £10 per annum during her natural life. AYitnessed by 
Eben Dow and John Clifford. He made a codicil in which he 
gives to Samuel Dalton fifty acres of land lying at the head of his 
farm at Sagamore hill, which he bought of William Eastow. This 
is witnessed by Henry Moulton and Joseph Hutchins, and was 
proved February 8, 1662. 

Mr. Dalton never had any children. His widow Kuth lived till 
]\ray 12, 1666, and left a will dated May 9, 1662. She gives her 
nephew, Nathaniel Bachiler, her stock of cattle, four oxen and 
five cows, and loft to him her real estate on condition of his paying 
her £16 annually during her life. On the 22d of March, 1664, she 
deeds him all her lands on condition of his paying £200 in the 
manner which she specifies. She had a very respectable lot of 
furniture, especially for the time in which she lived. 

All the legatees in her indentures with Bachiler were her relatives 
except Hanna Willis, who may have been her servant girl. Bach- 
iler faithfully paid the foregoing sums to the persons mentioned, or 
their heirs. The receipts of the same were in existence a few years 
ago. 

Nathaniel Bachiler, spoken of above, was a son of Rev. Stephen 
Bachiler. Mr. Dalton gave him a part of his farm at Sagamore 
hill in 1657. Nathaniel, 2d, settled there about 1690 and was the 
ancestor of all the Batchelders who have lived in Hampton Falls. 
Some of his descendants are living upon his farm at the present 
time. 



164 HISTORY OF HAMPTON FALLS. 

REV. JOHN WHEELWEIGHT. 

Rev. John Wheelwright died in Xovember, 1679, at an advanced 
age, probably between 80 and 90 years,, as he is said to have been 
at the university with Oliver Cromwell, who, when Wheelwright 
was in England and waited upon him after he became protector, de- 
clared to the gentlemen about him that he could remember the 
time when he was more afraid of meeting Wheelwright at football 
than of meeting an army since in the field, for he was infallibly 
sure of being tripped up by him. 

Mr. Wheelwright came from Lincolnshire to Xew England in 
1636. He and his wife Mary were admitted to the Boston church 
the 12th of June, 1636. Soon after his arrival he gave offense to 
some in the church at Boston, and Mr. Cotton thought that he had 
better withdraw because he was somewhat inclined to be disputa- 
tious. He went to Mount Wollasten (Braintree) and preached with 
the intention of founding a church there. He was there some time, 
and had some possessions there, but the church was not established 
until three years after. He preached a sermon which the magis- 
trates considered had a tendency to sedition. After much con- 
troversy respecting it, and the parties growing warm, the court sent 
for Mr. Wheelwright. He persisted in Justifying his sermon and 
his whole practice and opinions, and refused to leave either the 
place or his public exercisings. He was disfranchised, upon which 
he appealed to the king, but neither called witnesses nor desired 
any act to be made of it. The court told him that an appeal did 
not lie, "For by the king's grant we had power to hear and deter- 
mine without any reservation & co." So he relinquished his appeal 
and the court gave him leave to go to his house upon his promise 
that if he were not gone out of the jurisdiction within fourteen 
days, he would render himself to one of the magistrates. 

Mr. Savage, who had read the sermon, now in the archives of the 
Massachusetts Historical Society, says that "It is not such as can 
justify the Court in their sentence for sedition and Contempt. Nor 
prevent the present age from regarding that proceeding as an ex- 
ample and a warning of the usual tyrany of eelesiastical factions." 
The court also ordered fifty-eight inhabitants of Boston and seven- 
teen from the adjoining towns to be disgraced, because they had 
signed a petition in which they affirm Mr. Wheelwright's innocence, 
and that the court had condemned the truth of Christ, etc. 




REV. JOHN WHEELWRIGHT. 



BIOGRAPHICAL SKETCHES. 165 

Mr. Wheehvright being banished from us, gathered a company and 
sat down by the falls of Piscataqiiack, and called the town Exeter. 
And for this enlargement there, they dealt with an Indian there, and 
bought of him Winnecnmett etc and then wrote to us what they had 
done, And that they intended to lot out all the lands in farms except, 
we could show a better title. They wrote also to those to whom we 
had sent to plant Winnecnmett to have them desist etc. 

These letters coming to the General Court, they returned answer 
that they looked at their dealings as against good government, 
religion, and common honesty. "That knowing we claimed Winne- 
cnmett as within onr patent, and had taken possession thereof by 
building a house, there above two years since, They should now go 
and purchase an unknown title, and then come and inquire of our 
right." It was al.?o in that letter manifestly proved that the Indians 
had only a natural right to so much land as they could improve, 
the rest of the country being open to any who could, or would, im- 
prove it. The foregoing paragraph, taken from Winthrop under 
date of 1638, proves that the settlement of Hampton had already 
begun and also the building of the "possession house" (commonly 
called bound house) in 1636. 

August 4, 1639, he and thirty-four others sign an agreement 
in which they set forth that they agree to such a form of govern- 
ment as is agreeable to the English laws, and professing themselves 
to be subjects of King Charles, according to the liberties of the 
English colony of Massachusetts, etc., etc. Of the thirty-four 
persons whose names are attached to this agreement, eleven became 
inhabitants of Hampton in a few years. 

Mr. Wheelwright found it necessary to remove from Exeter in 
consequence of the union between Xew Hampshire and Massachu- 
setts. He proceeded to Maine and purchased of Governor Gorges 
a part of the lands in this section given to him by his uncle. Sir 
Ferdinando Gorges. He took a deed dated April 17, 1643, which 
conveyed to the worthy minister, in fee simple, a tract of four or 
five hundred acres lying at Wells, in the county of Somerset; that 
is, along the shore eastward of Newgunket river, perhaps to Wells 
harbor. Another deed was obtained the same year, from the same 
source, by Wheelwright, to himself, Henry Boad, and others, grant- 
ing some of the remaining territory between that river and the 
Kennebunk. Both parcels probably contained hardly an eighth of 
the township, which was large and of about 40,000 acres. Boad 
and Edward Rish worth were appointed to lay out the land into lots 



166 HISTORY OF HAMPTON FALLS. 

suitaljle for settlers, and then they, Avith Messrs. Wheelwright^ 
Storer, and Littlefield, began a regnlar plantation. At AVells, Mr. 
Wheelwright also gathered a chnrch of which he became pastor^ 
being well beloved and highly esteemed l)y his parishioners and all 
his immediate acquaintances; bnt an exclusion from the fellowship 
of ministers and a Ijanishment from the society of many pious men 
who had been his early friends were trials of extreme severity to his 
mind. He, therefore, wrote the following letter to the governor 
and magistrates of Massachusetts, dated Wells, December 7, 1CA3, 
which was laid before the court June 8, IG-i-A. 

Uight Worshipful — Ui^on long- and mature consideration of things 
I percieve that the main difference between yourselves and some of the 
reverend Elders, and myself, in point of justification, and the con- 
deucing thereof, is not of that nature and consequence as wap then pre- 
sented to me in the false, glass of Satan's temptation and mine own 
distemi5ered passions, which makes me iinfeinedly sorry that I had 
such a hand in those sharp and vehement contentions raised there» 
abouts, to the great disturbance of the churches of Christ It is the 
grief of my soul that I used such vehement censorious Speeches in 
the application of my sermon, or in any other writing which reflected, 
any dishonor upon your worships the reverend Elders, or anj' of 
contrary judgment froin myself. 

It repents me that I did so much adhere to persons of corrupt 
judgment, to the countenancing of them in any of their errors or 
evil practices, Though I intended no such thing, and that in the synod 
I used such unsafe and obscure words falling from me, as a man 
dazzled with the bufTetings of Satan, and that I did appeal from mis- 
apprehension of things, I confess that herein I have done verj' sin- 
fully and do humblj' crave pardon of this honored State — If it shall 
appear to me by scripture light, that in my carriage, word, writing 
or action, I have walked contrary to rule I shall be read,y by the grace 
of God to give satisfaction — Thus hoping you will pardon my boldness 
I humbly take leave of your worship, committing you to the good 
providence of the Almighty. And ever remain your worships in all 
Service to be Commanded in the Lord. 

J. WHEELWEIGHT. 

Wells 7— 10— 164.-;. 

Upon this letter the court was very well inclined to release his 
banishment, and thereupon ordered that he might have a safe con- 
duct to come to the court. The governor notified him by letter and 
received this answer from him: 

Plight Worshipful — I have received the letter wherein you signify 
to me that you have imparted my letter to the honorable Court, and 



BIOGRAPHICAL SKETCHES. 167 

tliat it finds g'ood applause, for which I rejoice with much thankfulness. 
I am very thankful to your worship for the letter of safe conduct which 
I formerly- I'ecieved as likewise for the late act of the Court grantingf 
me the Sajne liberty in case I desire letters to that end. — 1 should 
very willingh' upon letters recieved express by w'ord of mouth openly 
in Court That which I did by writing' might I, without offence, ex- 
plain my true intent and meaning, more fully to this effect. That 
notwithstanding- my failings for which I hiimbly crave pardon, Yet 
I cannot with a good Conscience condemn myself for such Culpable 
Crimes, dangerous revelations, and gross errors as have been charged 
upon me. The consequence of which (as I take it) make up the very 
substance of the causes of all my sufferings. — I do not see but in 
so mixt a cause I am bound to use, may it be permitted, my just defense, 
so far as I apprehend myself to be innocent, as to make my confession 
where I am convinced of any delinquency. Otherwise I shall seem- 
ingly in appearance fall under guilt of many heinous offences for 
which my conscience doth aquit me. If I seem to make suit to the 
honorable Court, for relaxation to be granted by an act of merely upon 
my Sole Confession I must offend my conscience. If bj- an act of 
justice upon mine apology, and lawful defence, I fear lest I shall 
offend your worships. I leave all things to your wise and godly con- 
sideration, Hoiaing you will pardon my simplicity, and plainness, which 
I am forced into by the power of an overruling Conscience — I rest 
your worships in the Lord. 

J. WHEELWRIGHT. 
Wells 1—1—1644 

To this the governor replied to this effect, viz.: "That though 
his liberty might be obtained without his personal appearance, yet 
that was doubtful, nor did he conceive that a wise and modest 
apology would prejudice the acceptance of his free ingenious con- 
fession. Seeing the latter would justify the sentence of the Court 
which looked only to his action, and yet by the former he might 
maintain the liberty of his conscience, In clearing his intention from 
those all deserving crimes which the Court apprehended by his 
actions, and withall (because there might want opportunity of con- 
veyance before the Court) He sent him inclosed a safe Conduct 
etc." The next court released his banishment without his appear- 
ance. He continued at Wells until 16tt7. 

12— 4— 1G47. The Church of Jesus Christ at Hampton having Seri- 
ously considered the great pains and labors that the reverend and well 
beloved Mr. Timothy Dalton ha^ taken among them in the work of 
the ministrj'. Even beyond his ability or strength of nature. And hav- 
ing upon solemn Seeking of God, Settled their thought upon the 
reverend and well beloved Mr. John Wheelwright of Wells as a help 
in the work of the Lord, with the said Mr. Dalton our present and 



168 HISTORY OF HAMPTON FALLS. 

faithful teacher and have given the Sard Mr. Wheelwright a call to 
that End, with the consent of the hole town. The which the Sayd 
Mr. Wheelwright due except off according unto God. — And these propo- 
sitions following are agreed upon and Subscribed unto by the Said Mr. 
Wheelwright for his part & The Said Church with the hole town for 
their part. — Who by these presents promise and oblige themselves to 
fulfill, and perform the Same. 

The agreement was that if the church sent for him to be their 
pastor they should bear the expense of the transportation of him- 
self and family and goods to Hampton from "Wells; that he was 
to have a convenient house to live in the first year. He was to 
have a convenient house lot and the farm which was Mr. Bachiler's 
confirmed to him and his heirs upon his ordination and continuance 
in Hampton, but if he should leave the town without the consent 
01 the church, the said farm was to revert to the town. He was 
to be paid £40 per annum as long as he remained their pastor, 
"excepting only some extraordinary hand of God in ways of alter- 
ation/' which sum of £40 was to be paid in corn or cattle or other 
good commodities quarterly. If the church should send for Mr. 
Wheelwright with a vessel to transport him within two months, 
with an absolute promise of an ordination before the last of the 
next September, that Mr. "Wheelwright should come; and if he 
should refuse an ordination lawfully tendered, he was to bear the 
expense of his own transportation and receive nothing for his 
time among them; but if the church should refuse to give him an 
ordination by the time specified (September 30, 164T) then he should 
be paid for his time and expense of transportation. He should 
have the farm in fee simple and have liberty to depart upon such 
refusal. If the church should send word within two months that 
they could not ordain him, then both parties were to be free from 
all engagements. This agreement was signed by J. "Wheelwright, 
on the one part, and John ^loulton, Jeff'ry Mingay. William San- 
born, William Howard, AYilliam Marston^ and William Moulton 
in the name of the rest. 

The particularity of the above agreement is an indication that 
the town did not fully trust Mr. Wheelwright — whether afraid of 
his raising up another quarrel, which would agitate the whole 
country, or fearful of his love of change, does not appear, — other- 
wise they would not have made so sharp a bargain with him. April 
15, 1647, the town voted that the salary of the minister should be 
raised as follows: 



BIOGRAPHICAL SKETCHES. 169 

Each master of a family was to paye 5s of the £40, and all single men 
which goeth at their own hand or that taketh any wages for them- 
selves They shall also paye 5s as aforesaid. — The remainder to be 
raised on the Estate of every person according to their possessions, 
Be it in houses, land, cattle, boats or otherwise. Exempting only his 
corn which shall go rate free. — £40 was raised to pay the Teacher for 
the j-ear just passed, come midsummer next & £40 for the paying for 
the farm to be given Mr. Wheelwright. 

May 15, 16-iT, the church agree to send a boat to Wells and also 
promise to give him an ordination, according to the former agree- 
ment, on the 12th of April. This is signed by William Howard, 
in the name of the church, and accepted by Mr. \Vlieelwright. The 
town vote on February 31, 1649, to give him Mr. Bachiler's farm 
freely, the grant before having been conditional. This farm ad- 
joined Salisbury line and contained two hundred acres. 

He, like some other ministers of that day, had a great inclination 
to own large quantities of land. He had an estate in Lincolnshire, 
England, besides his lands at Wells and Hampton. March 6, 1651, 
he was chosen to confirm the old grants with Mr. Dalton and five 
others, and on January 21, 1652, he had a grant, No. 39, in the 
ox commons. We have seen no other record of his transacting 
any other town business. There are in the town records receipts 
of his salary, one of which is dated December 2i, 1651, for £158, for 
four years' salary; one in 1652, for £42; one in 1653, for £40; and 
one in 1654, for £40. Probably Mr. Wheelwright preached here 
seven years, but there is no certainty of fixing the time of his de- 
parture. December 28, 1654, it was ''Voted that £10 be added to 
our Eeverend Pastors Salary." If this was an addition to his sal- 
ary, he was here eight years. 

"May, 1654, it is ordered that the petition framed and signed at 
the present meeting for the vindication of Mr. Wheelwright's name 
should be presented to the next General Court. Voted." Cotton 
Mather relates that j\Ir. Wheelwright published a vindication of him- 
self against the wrongs that Mr. Weld and Mr. Eutherford had unto 
him. In this vindication he produces a speech of Mr. Cotton, "I 
do conceive and profess that our brother Wheelwright's doctrine is 
according to God, in the points controverted," and a declaration 
from the whole General Court of the colony signed by the secretary, 
August 24, 1654, upon the petition of Mr. Wheelwright's church 
at Hampton. In this declaration they profess that "hearing that 
Mr. Wheelwright is by Mr. Rutherford & Mr. Weld rendered in some 



170 HISTORY OF HAMPTON FALLS. 

books printed by tbem as beretical and criminons, They now sig- 
nify that ]\Ir. Wheel wi'itrht liath for many years approved himself 
a sound orthodox and profitalile minister of the gospel, among these 
Churches of Christ." 

He went to England after his departure from Hampton, where 
he was in 1658, and returned to this country upon the restoration 
of King Charles in 1660. He settled in Salisbury as the successor 
of the Eev. William Worcester. He was the oldest minister in the 
colony and died November 5, 1679. 

Probably his family remained in Hampton during his absence 
in England. His son Thomas witnessed a deed in May, 1656. The 
famous Wheelwright deed of 1629, fomid in the appendix of Bel- 
knap's History of New Hampshire, which was used in the trial of 
Allen in 1T07, and was believed to be genuine, has Ijcen proved by 
Mr. Savage to be a forgery. 

It is not known where he lived while in Hampton. In 1722, 
Calel) Towle, Joshua Wingate, and Joseph Towle had each one half 
share in the second division, Benjamin Towle, one half share third 
division, Caleb Towle one half share in the fourth division, — all in 
the original rights of Mr. "WTieelwright. Three half shares were 
also drawn in the Ring swamp in the same right by Joseph and 
Caleb Towle and Joshua Wingate. 

He made a will May 25, 1670, in which he names his son Samuel, 
son-in-law Edward Eishworth, his gi-andchildren Edward Lyde, 
Mary AVhite, Mary Maverick, William, Thomas, and Jacob Brad- 
bury, to whom he gave his estates in Lincolnshire, Eng., in Maine, 
and other places. His son Thomas probably had died before 1670. 
He settled in Kittery and was admitted a freeman in 1652. One of 
his daughters married Samuel Maverick, who was one of King 
Charles's commissioners, sent here in 1664, with Lieut. Eichard 
Carr and others. Another married Edward Eishworth, who was 
representative from York twelve years, a magistrate, recorder, etc. 
A third daughter married Thomas Bradbury of Salisbury, who was 
representative from that place seven years and recorder of Norfolk 
county. Samuel AVheelwright was representative from Wells in 
1671.' 

The following is a copy of the famous Wheelwright deed: 

IHE WHEELWRIGHT DEED. 

Wheras we the Sagamores of Penacook, Pentucket, Sqt;amsquot, 
and Nuchawanack, are iuclined to have the English inhabit amongst 



BIOGRAPHICAL SKETCHES. 171 

lis as they are among our coiintr_\'men in the Massachusetts Bay, by 
■which means we hope in time to be strengthened against our Enemy 
the Sarateens who yearly doth lis damage, Likewise being pursiiaded 
that it will be for the good of us and our posterity etc. — To that 
end have at a general meeting at Sqiiamsquot, on Piscattaqua river. 
we the aforesaid Sagamores with a universal Consent of our Subjects 
do Covenant and agree with the English as followeth 

Now know all men by these presents that we Passaconaway Saga- 
more of Penacook, Eunnaawett, Sagamore of Pentucket, Wahang- 
nonawitt Sagamore of Squomsquot, and Rowles Sagamore of Nucha- 
wanack, for a competent valuation in goods already received in coats, 
Shii'ts and kittles, And also for the consideration aforesaid do accord- 
ingly to the limits and bounds hereafter granted, give, grant, bargain. 
Sell, release, ratify and confirm unto John Wheelwright of the I^Iassa- 
chusetts Bay, late of England, a minister of the gospel, Augnstiiie 
Storer, Thomas Wife, William Wentworth, and Thomas Leavet, all of 
the Massachusetts Bay in New England, to them their heirs and assigns 
forever all that part of the main land bounded by the river Piscatta- 
qua, and the river of Merrimack, That is to say to begin at Nvichii- 
wanack falls in Piscattaqua river, aforesaid and so down said river to 
the sea, and so alongst the sea Shore to Merrimack river and so up, 
along said river to the falls at Pantucket and from said Pantucket 
falls upon a northwest line twenty Eng'lish luiles into the woods, and 
from thence to run upon a straight line North East and south west 
till it meet with the main rivers that runs down to Pantvicket falls 
and Nuchawanack falls, and the said rivers to be the bounds of Said 
lands from the tTnvart line, or head line to the aforesaid falls, and 
the main clfannel of Each river from Pentucket, and Nuchawanack 
falls to the main sea to be the side bounds, and the main sea between 
Piscattaqua river and Merimack river to be the lower bounds. And 
the thwart or head lines that runs from river to river to be the upper 
bounds. Together with all islands within said bounds, as also the 
Isles of Shoals so called by the English, together with all profits, ad- 
vantages and appurtenances whatsoever to the said tract of land, be- 
longing or in anywise appertaining, Reserving to ourselves liberty of 
making use of our old planting land, as also free liberty of hunting, 
fishing, fowling, and it is likewise with these provisions following. 
Viz. First the Said John Wheelwright shall within ten years after 
the date. Set down with a Comioany of English and begin a planlation 
at Squomsquat falls in Piscattaqua river aforesaid — Secondly that what 
other inhabitants shall come, and live on said tract of land amongst 
them from time to time, and at all times shall have and enjoy the same 
benefits as the said Wheelwright aforesaid — Thirdly, That if at any 
time there be a number of people amongst them, that have a mind to 
begin a new plantation, That they be encouraged so to do, And that 
no plantation exceed in lands above ten English miles square or such 
a proportion as amounts to ten miles sciuare. — Fourthly That the 



172 HISTORY OF HAMPTON FALLS. 

aforesaid granted lands, are to be divided into townships as people 
increase, and appear to inhabit them. And that no lands shall be 
granted to any particular persons, but shall be for a township and 
what lands within a township is granted to any particular person, to 
be by vote of the major part of the inhabitants, legally and orderly 
settled in said township — Fifthly. For managing and regulating, and 
to avoid contentions amongst them they are to be under the Govern- 
ment of the Colony of the Massachusetts, their neighbors and to 
observe their laws and orders, until they have a settled govern- 
ment amongst themselves — Sixthly We the aforesaid Sagamores and 
our subjects are to have free liberty within the aforesaid limits or 
tract of land, that hereafter shall be settled shall, pay to Passaconaway, 
our chief Sagamore, that now is and to his successors forever if law- 
fully demanded, one coat of .trucking cloth a year, and everj' year 
for an acknowledgment and also shall pay to Mr. John Wheelwright, 
aforesaid, his heirs and successors forever if lawfully demanded, two 
bushels of Indian corn a year, for and in consideration of said Wheel- 
wright's great pains, and care, as also for the charges he hath been 
at to obtain this our grant for himself and those aforementioned and 
the inhabitants that shall hereafter settle in townships on the afore- 
said granted premises. 

And we the aforesaid Sagamores, Passaconaway Sagamore of Pen- 
acook, Runnawitt, Sagamore of Pantucket. Wahangnonawitt, Saga- 
more of Squomsquot, and Howies. Sagamore of jVuchawanack. — do 
by these premises ratify and confirni, all the above granted and bar- 
gained premises, and tract of land aforesaid, excepting and reserving 
as afore excepted and reserved, and the provisos aforesaid fulfilled, 
with all the meadow and marsh ground therin together with all the 
mines minerals of what kind or nature, soever — with all the woods 
timber, and timber trees, ponds, rivers, lakes, runs of water or water 
courses, therunto belonging, with all the freedom of fishing, fowling, 
and hunting, as ourselves with all the benefits, j)rofits, priveleges and 
appurtenances, whatsoever therunto of all and every part, of the said 
tract of land belonging or in any way appurtaining unto him the 
said John Wheelwright, Augustine Storer, Thomas Wife, William 
Wentworth, and Thomas Levet, and their heirs forever as aforesaid. 
To have and to hold the same as their own proper right and interest, 
without the least disturbance, molestation or trouble of us our heirs 
execrs, and admins, to and with the said John Wheelwright, Augustine 
Storer, Thomas Wife, William Wentworth, and Thomas Levit their 
heirs and execrs, administrators and assigns and other the English 
that shall inhabit, there and their heirs and assigns forever, Shall 
warrant, maintain and defend. 

In witness wherof we hereunto set our hands and seals the Seven- 



BIOGRAPHICAL SKETCHES. 173 

teenth day of May. 1G29, and in the fifth year of King Charles his 
reig-n over England, & Co. 

Signed, Sealed, and Delivered 

in presence of ns. 

WADERGASCOM + Mark. PASSACOXAWAY, + Mark (Seal) 

MISTONABITE + Mark. RUNAAWITT + Mark (Seal) 

JOHN OLDHAM WAHANGNONAWITT + Mark (Seal) 

SAM SHARPE ROWLES + Mark (Seal) 

Memoranda— On the 17th day of May, One thousand six hundred 
twenty nine, in the fifth year of the reign of our Sovereign Lord 
Charles King of England Scotland, France and Ireland, defender of 
the faith, & co, Wahangnonaway Sagamore of Squonsquat, on Piscatta- 
qua river did in behalf of himself and the other Sagamores, aforemen- 
tioned, then present, deliver quiet and peaceable possession, of all the 
lands, mentioned in the within written deed, unto the within named 
John Wheelwright, for the Ends within mentioned in presence of us, 
Walter Neal Governor, George Vaughan, factor and Ambrose Gibbons, 
trader for the Company of Laconia, — Richard Vines governor, and 
Richard Bonighton assistant of the plantation at Saco, Thomas Wig- 
gin agent, and Edward Hilton Steward of the plantation of Hilton's 
point, — and was signed sealed and delivered in our presence 

In witness wherof, we have hereunto set our hands the day and 
year above written. 

RICHARD VINES WA. NEALE 

RICHd BONIGHTON GEORGE VAUGHAN 

THO. WIGGIN. AMBROSE GIBBONS 
EDWARD HILTON 

Recorded according to the original found on the ancient files for 
the County of York this 28tli day of Jan. 1713. 

per JOSEPH HAMMOND, Reg. 

A true Copy from York County records of deeds & eo. Lib. 8, fol 16 

Att. DAN MOULTON Reg. 

Corrected by a CojDy on file in the Superior Court of New Hampshire, 
in the Case of Allen vs. Waldron which copy is attested by the above 
named 

JOS. HAMMOND. 

EEY. SEABOEK COTTOK 

Eev. Seaborn Cotton was a son of Eev. John Cotton, minister of 
the first church of Boston, and was born at sea, August, 1633, while 
his father was on his passage to this country. He was baptized the 
second day after his arrival^ September 6, 1633. He graduated at 
Harvard in 16-51, in the catalogue of which his name is entered as 

12 



174 HISTORY OF HAMPTON FALLS. 

Marigena. He first settled at Windsor in Connecticut. We are 
unable to state what year he went there. 

The first notice of him upon the record is dated May 2, 1657, 
when the town voted that "Bro. Page & Bro. Dow shall treat with 
Mr. Bradstreet, and with the Elders in the bay to order the calling 
of Mr. Cotton according to former agreement." October 24, 165T, 
the town chose a committee to provide a honse for his dwelling. 
May 27, 1658, the town, "understanding that Mr. Samuel Dudley 
will bee att Windsor present with Mr. Seaborn Cotton, doe manifest 
their desires y* he would be helpful, (if cause be administered) in 
agittattion of the matter between the church of Windsor and ye 
church of Hampton in reference to Mr. Cotton's dismission from 
Windsor upon Coniticot to ye church at Hampton." 

The following vote shows that he had accepted their offer and 
come here, and it also appears that he preached here more or less 
for the year before July 28, 1658: 

The town hath acted to continue the sum of three score pounds to 
Mr. Cotton for the next yeere, together with the use of the house & 
lands purchased of our Teacher, and in time remove his goods at the 
towns charge to the s<i house & conscuring the repayring of the house 
& the fences about the lands. We shall conclude upon when we know 
Mr. Cotton's propositions tomorroAv after the lecture web time the 
meeting is adjourned The meeting formerlj^ warned and begun yes- 
terday & So adjourned this present day, and now attended 29 — 5 — 1658 

Conserving the n:otion made to Mr. Seaborn Cotton conserving his 
continuance amongst us & according to the experience v,-'^^ we have 
had of him in the yeere past. To the further increasing of our desires 
towards him and his Settlement among us. To which end, we doe 
accordirigly to former agreement iDromise to jDay three scor. pounds 
per annum & the transportation of his goods & books from the bay 
& for tlie removing of his dwelling with all convenient siieed j"t naay 
bee. And Will. Godfrey, Tho^ Ward and John Sanborn are appointed 
to treat wth Mr. Cotton conserving the repayring of the house & to give 
convenient content therin not exceeding thirty pounds — Acted per vote 
Robert Smith, John Sanbourne & Henry Eobie are appointed to treat 
with Mr. Cotton conserning the house and lands in such a capacity as 
thatt they may continue without further charge to the town, Either 
for building, fencing, or repairing. Is so to be improved as may be 
best for continuance and thej' who are appointed are nott to exceed 
twenty pounds besides what is already laid out, either in building, 
repairing or fencing — & yt the said tenement may be so kept in 
repairation as the sayd twenty pounds & what else hath bin layd outt 
will silt itt. — Voted, 16 — 11 — 1661 The town hath chosen Eob* Page, 
Will, r.' dfrey & Thomas Marston, to r.^tiirii an answer to the proposi- 



BIOGRAPHICAL SKETCHES. 175 

tions presented to the town by Mr. Cotton our Eevd Pastor as it is 
drawn np briefly Voted. 

There appears to be no account of these propositions other than 
the above vote, but it may be presumed that they concerned some 
alterations in liis house. 

Jidy 4, 1662, he was chosen moderator. January 25, 1661, "Itt 
is acted and agreed, that Mr. Cotton's maintainance shall be raised 
lower pounds a year, to make his som. Seventy j)ounds per annum, 
to begin the 20*^ of August next." Six poiinds must have been 
added previously to this vote, otherwise it could not have made 
£70, as £60 was all they agTeed to give him on his settlement 
here as the permanent minister, August 20, 1658. At the 
same meeting "The town hath Voted and agreed yt. those yt. are 
willing to have their children called fourth to be catechised shall 
give in their names to Mr. Cotton for that end, between this & the 
'second day of next month. Voted." Cotton Mather mentions him 
as the author of a catechism. 

20 — 6 — 1665. The town hath chosen our Eeverend pastor Mr. Cot- 
ton Ens. John Sanborn & Samuel Dalton to draw up some wrighting 
in way of remonstrance to assert our riglits in the lands we have so 
long enjoyed, and so peaceably possessed, by the grant of the Hon. 
General Court of Massachusetts, and to grace the same with what 
reasons they see meet, and to make answer to anj' claims or objections 
that shall bee made against the towne rights and privileges of our 
township according to their good discretion, and to present the same 
to the King's Honored Commissioners, if they shall see meet. Heni-y 
Eoby, Henry Green, & John Garland, dissent. 

These commissioners were Sir Eichard Carr and others whom 
King Charles sent over to investigate the Mason claim, involving 
the title of the inhabitants to the soil. Mr. Cotton was undoubt- 
edly chosen because he was a very able man and could present the 
opinions of the Hampton people in the strongest light. 

A farm of two hundred acres had been voted him, which was after- 
ward laid at Hogpen plains (now in Kensington). The first four 
ministers of Hampton had each a farm of two hundred acres given 
them. The succeeding ministers had not, land having become more 
sought after. 

November 10, 1667, the town voted to repair his house and barn, 
and "make them tite and convenient, agreeable to the proposals 
which he had made to the town in wrighting." They also increased 



176 HISTORY OF HAMPTON FALLS. 

his salary ten pounds, making the sum of £80 per annum. Novem- 
ber, 1670, the town voted that "at least one half of the pay of the 
Rev*^ Pastor yearly should be in provisions at Currant prices, & as 
much of it, as was to be paid in lumber should be paid by the last 
of May, yearly." They also vote for necessary repairs upon the 
house. Xovember 21:, 1679, the town vote to cover the house where 
he lived with short shingles to make it tight and convenient for 
the better preservation of his books, also to make a cellar under it, 
convenient for his use, and Avith what speed they could. 

Governor Cranfield, having issued an order of council directing 
the clergymen to administer the sacrament, baptisms, etc., accord- 
ing to the liturgy of the church of England, under the penalty of 
suffering the punishment imposed by the act of uniformity, said 
that when he had prepared his soul he would come and demand the 
sacrament of him, as he had done at Portsmouth, upon which Mr. 
Cotton withdrew to Boston. 

Mr. Yaughan, in writing to Mr. AYeare, says, February 29, 1684, 
"Mr. Cotton has come home from Boston. — Crete offence taken 
here at a sermon he preached in Boston on Acts xii. — 5, Though 
pleasing to his hearers." 

The arbitrary proceedings of Governor Cranfield were a source 
of trouble to Mr. Cotton, as appears by the following petition: 

To the honourable his Majestie's Council for the province of lYew 
Hampshire. The petition of Seaborn Cotton of Hampton in the 
Province aforesaid. 

Humbly Sheweth, — That whereas, by an act of his majestie's Coun- 
cil in this province bearing date as I concieve 10 — 12 — 16S2, The people 
in ye several towns ^vere left at their liberty whether thej' would pay 
thayer ministers or no, after ye first of January', ensueing, yt act 
unless thayer ministers Avould administer baptism and the Lord's 
supper to such as desired it, according to his Majestees letter to ye 
Massachusetts which was never denied hj me, to any that orderly 
asked it Yet too many people have taken occasion therby, Both to 
withold what was my due, before that act for the year 1683, as also 
for the year 1684, & are liable to do so for the year 1685, Except this 
Honorable Council see cause to parse an act & order to the trustees of 
Hampton, That I maj' have my dues according to the town's com- 
pact upon riccord & theyre agreetaent ^vith mjself, many years 
since. The time drawing nigh when for this instant year I should 
have my rate made, doth hasten me to present this address & to 
request j^our Honors favour therin — If your Honours may possibly 
see cause to omit ye naming myself in requesting it all which I leave 



BIOGRAPHICAL SKETCHES. 177 

to your Honors generous acceptance and am your honors, Humbly 
devoted 

SEABOEX COTTON. 
Hampton, Sept. 5tii 1685. 

In answer to this petition the council order — 

That the petitioner be left to the law to have his remedy- ag* 
the pei'sons he contracted with for his dues. 

E. CHAMBEELAIN Ck. Council. 

Tlie above petition affords a cnrions illustration of Mr. Cotton's 
character. His wishing for an order of council for the especial ben- 
efit of himself, was not an uncommon occurrence in those times, 
still ]ie appears to have been somewhat ashamed of being known as 
the instigator of it. The council acted justly in the matter. 

He died April 19, 1686, aged fifty-two years. He married June 
14, 165-4, Dorothy Bradstreet, daughter of Governor Bradstreet. 
She died February 26, 1672. By her he had nine children. His 
son John succeeded him in the ministry at Hampton. July 9, 1673, 
he married Mrs. Prudence Crosby, widow of Dr. Anthony Crosby, 
of Eowley, Mass. He had at least two children by his second wife. 
One, a son, Rowland, graduated from Harvard in 1694, and was a 
physician in the Isle of Wight, England. 

Mr. Cotton was sometimes appointed an appraiser of estates, and 
was administrator to the estate of John Haskett. March 22, 1671, 
Robert Page gave him a legacy of £5 in his will. One fourth part 
of his farm at Hogpen plains was sold October 20, 1702, by William 
Philbrick of Greenland, to Eben Johnson of Hampton, for £25. 

His will was dated May 20, 1684; completed, June 2, 1684; proved, 
August 7, 1684. It mentions his wife Prudence, John and Row- 
land, his sons, and six daughters. Inventory: Plate, £20; librarj^, £60; 
horse, £7; mare, £4; colt, £1; 7 cows, £24; 22 sheep and lambs, £6; 
swine, great and small, £4; 40 pounds unwashed wool, £2, 10 shil- 
lings; a silver whistle, 11 shillings. He gives his first wife's 
"tnmcke" to ]\Iary in remembrance of her mother, and a pocket 
pistol to his son John. He mentions his father and his cousin, 
Cotton Mather. 

REV. JOHN COTTOX. 

The death of Rev. Seaborn Cotton left the people of Hampton 
without a minister for the first time since the settlement of the 
town, a period of nearly forty-eight years. Soon after the late 



178 HISTORY OF HAMPTON FALLS. 

pastor's death, efforts were made to find a suitable successor. The 
first preacher known to have been employed was Mr. John Cotton, 
son of the deceased pastor, a graduate of Harvard College in the 
class of 1678, who, having been chosen a Fellow of the college, was 
living in Cambridge at the time of his father's death. He then 
came to Hampton and was employed as a preacher. While the 
people were destitute of a settled minister, they were not unmindful 
of the habits and conduct of the young. At a town meeting, 
1687,— 

Voted, That the Constables shall take special care, that the youth 
be kef)t from playing on the Sabbath. If any children are found to 
be disorderly, their parents or masters shall first be informed, and if 
they shall not take care of them — and thej' are again found disorderly, 
Complaint Shall be made to authority. 

The town did not act in reference to Mr. Cotton as a candidate, 
but wished to have him ordained at once. 

Voted that Mr. Henry Green, and William Fuller, should treat with 
Mr. Cotton whether he would be willing to settle here in the work 
of the ministry, and be ordained. 

By this act the town showed their willingness that he should be 
ordained at once. From some cause, not now known, he was not 
then ordained, but continued to preach as a supply. Mr. Cotton 
was married August 17, 1686, to Anne, daughter of Capt. Thomas 
Lake of Boston, and began housekeeping in Hampton and contin- 
ued to preach until the summer of 1690. An effort was then made 
to see what the inhabitants would contribute yearly toward Mr. 
John Cotton's maintenance as long as he remained here in the work 
of the ministry. 

Either Mr. Cotton had suspended his labors, or had expressed 
his intention of doing so. About 1692, an effort was made to induce 
Mr. John Pike, then settled in Dover, to come and settle here. Mr. 
Nathaniel Weare, William Marston, Capt. Samuel Sherburne, Lieut. 
John Sanborn, and Henry Dow were chosen to treat with Mr. Pike, 
to know if he were willing to come here in the work of the ministry. 
Mr. Pike had been pastor of the Dover church for many years, but 
was now living in Portsmouth, on account of the danger from 
Indian ravages which were being committed in and about Dover. 
Mr. Pike was willing to come here if he could be cleared from his 
engagement with the Dover church. This he probal)ly did not ob- 



BIOGRAPHICAL SKETCHES, 179 

tain at that time. After living here a short time, he removed to 
Newbury, Mass., in 1692. He afterAvard returned to Dover, where 
he died in 1710. 

After the failure to secure Mr. Pike, renewed efforts were made 
to induce Mr. Cotton to settle. October 26, 1691. the town voted 
to invite him to settle in the work of the ministry. Xathaniel Weare 
and Francis Page were appointed to communicate with him, and 
receive his answer, which they were to lay before the town, author- 
ity having been given them to call a meeting for that purpose. Mr. 
Cotton was then living in Portsmouth, and had received a call to 
become pastor of the church there. Mr. Moody, who had gone 
away because of Cranfield's order, and was now living in Boston, 
concluded to return to Portsmouth and resume his labors in the 
pastorate, which he "did in 1693. Mr. Cotton on this account de- 
clined the call. 

Another town meeting was holden in reference to Mr. Cotton, 
who, the record says, "was for some years with us."' It was voted 
to invite him to come and preach at least one Sabbath, and a town 
meeting would be held on the next morning at the meeting-house 
to receive his propositions and see if any agreement could be made 
with him. Mr. Cotton probably preached Sunday, March 27, as on 
Monday, the 28th, Lieut. John Sanborn and Mr. Nathaniel Weare 
were chosen to speak to Mr. Cotton, and desire him to let the town 
know his terms in writing, that they might see how near they could 
comply. A quarterly contribution and repairs upon the parsonage 
were promised. In case he accepted, the town agreed that there 
should be a 'convenient house built for him on land appointed for 
the purpose. In the meantime, the old house was to be made hab- 
itable for him. 

A committee was chosen to build a parsonage house, which, after 
considerable delay, was accomplished. It Avas voted May 17, 1694, 
to give Mr. Cotton £85 per year, to be paid every half year in wheat 
at 5s. per bushel, Indian corn at 3s., malt and rye each at 4s. per 
bushel, pork at 3d. per pound, beef at 2d. per pound, — all merchant- 
able and good, and the use of the hou,se, land, and meadow appointed 
for the ministry. The town was to maintain the outside fence of 
said land and meadow, and "to do what they see cause for about 
supplying him with fire Avood." The toAvn voted him "Sixtie load 
of Avood, such loads as foAver oxen Avould draAv, tAvo loads to make 
a cord, to be valued at 3 shillings a cord."' AfterAvard the vote AA'as 



180 HISTORr OF HAMPTON FALLS. 

modified and he was to receive 30 cords per year, those furnishing 
it to receive 5s. yev cord provided one half, at least, was oak. The 
procuring and payment for wood was left in charge of the selectmen. 

After Mr. Cotton's compensation had been settled upon, the way 
was opened for his ordination. September 19, 1696, the town voted 
that they desired to have him ordained at once. It was also voted 
that if Mr. Cotton's goods, which were at Mystic, should be sent to 
Boston, they would be at the expense of transporting them from 
there to Hampton. A committee was chosen to solicit contributions 
to defray the charges of the ordination, which was appointed for 
Xovember 19, 1696, ten years and four months after the death of 
their last pastor. The ordination was an event of no ordinary 
interest, as there had not been an ordination in the town for nearly 
forty years and during that period only three ordinations in the 
province. The church, which had been so long without a pastor, 
had decreased somewhat in membership. Ten were admitted in 
the January following, and seventy the first year. During Mr. 
Cotton's ministry the whole number admitted was 215. In that 
time 487 were baptized. 

Provision was made to have the sacrament of the Lord's supper 
administered eight times in a year, but on account of the cold 
of winter it was omitted from December 1 to March 1, making 
the observance seven times during the year. September 11, 1698, 
thirteen persons were dismissed from the church to be incorporated 
into a church state at Exeter. They were residents of Exeter who 
had united with this church because there was none in their own 
town. ISTow there was a church to be organized there, and a pastor 
ordained. Mr. Xathaniel Weare and Capt. Henry Dow were chosen 
messengers from this church to assist in the ordination. 

In 1701, the town voted Mr. Cotton ten cords of wood in addi- 
tion to his former thirty cords, on the condition that he preach 
a lecture in Hampton once a month, according to former custom 
in his father's days. 

After a pastorate of thirteen years and four months, and a min- 
istry of more than twenty years, Mr. Cotton was suddenly removed 
from his people by death, March 10, 1710, at the age of 51 years, 
10 months, and 19 days. 

It may seem strange to some that sketches of the lives and min- 
istry of the early ministers of Hampton should be given a place 
in the history of Hampton Falls. Up to nearly the time of Eev. 
John Cotton's death, in 1710, there was no church in the town 



BIOGRAPHICAL SKETCHES. 181 

south of Taylor's river. All attended church at what is now the 
old town of Hampton, and many of the prominent and inflnential 
members lived sonth of the river, as we have seen by the records. 
The church was maintained and the ministers supported by rates 
levied upon the whole town. The tax rate of 1709, which is before 
us, contains 128 names of persons south of Taylors river, all of 
whom were rated that year for the support of Eev. John Cotton 
and the old church at Hampton. All the ministers of Hampton 
previous to this time were as much our ministers as theirs, and we 
furnished our proportion of the members. It was during Mr. Cot- 
ton's ministry, in 1709, that forty-nine members of his church 
were dismissed to incorporate a church at the Falls, and among 
them one of the deacons, Samuel Shaw, who lived on and owned 
what has since been known as the Grovernor "Weare place. The death 
of Eev. John Cotton was the occasion of the Falls people petition- 
ing to be set off entirely from the old town in ministerial matters, 
having before this been considered as the second parish in the town, 
and supported and governed by the whole town. The result of 
this petition was an order to raise a separate rate for each, which 
continued rmtil the death of Rev. Theophilus Cotton in 1726, 
after which the system was abolished and the two towns became 
entirely separated in the management of town and church matters. 

CHEISTOPHER HUSSEY. 

Christopher Hussey was born at Dorking in Surry, England. He 
went to Holland where he became enamored of Theodata, daughter 
of Eev. Stephen Bachiler, who had resided there for several years, 
but her father would not consent to their marriage unless Mr. 
Hussey would remove to Xew England, whither he was preparing 
to go. Mr. Hussey came to Lynn, New England, with his wife 
and his mother, Avidow Mary Hussey, in 1630. His son Stephen 
was born here the same year and was the second white child born 
in Lynn. He removed to Newbury in 1636, and was one of the 
first settlers there. In 1637 he was chosen one of the first seven 
men of the town. 

He and his father-in-law, Bachiler, sold their lands in New- 
bury to Mr. John Oliver for sixscore pounds, on the 5th of July, 
1639, and removed to Hampton. Next to Mr. Bachiler and Mr. 
Dalton he was considered the greatest man among the early set- 
tlers of Hampton. At the incorporation of the town. May 3, 



182 HISTORY OF HAMPTON FALLS. 

1639, he was appointed to "end all business under 20s." There 
were two others joined with him in this office, which was similar 
to justice of the peace. He was appointed at first by the coiirt, 
but afterward he sustained the office several years by a vote of the 
town from year to year. 

August 30. 1639, he and two others were chosen to measure 
and bound the respective lots, the several owners attending with 
stakes. For this service they were to have 12d. per house lot and 
a penny an acre for other lands. March 29, 1640, he and John 
IMouIton and Mr. Dalton were appointed to set the bounds between 
Hampton and Salisbury. April 30, 16-10, he was granted "10 acres 
for a house lott, as it is laid out, 11: acres of fresh meadow near the 
bridge by the beach, fifteen acres of planting ground part of which 
joined his house lot (S: the rest in the East field. — 150 acres for a 
farm as it is in part layd out near the falls river on the further 
side therof. There being near about IS acres of fresh meadow 
100 acres of upland & the rest in Salt marsh. The residue of his 
250 acres granted, is yet to be appointed. 3^ acres or upwards of 
the swamp next Bro. Davis* is added it about a qr. of an acre by 
his cellar." 

June 25, 1610, six persons were chosen to go and view the high- 
way towards Colchester. Hussey was one of them. Xovember 29, 
1610, he and two others were chosen to oversee the building of the 
meeting-house. February 19. 1641, he was to confer in relation 
to a ferry place. May 28, 1641, he was chosen moderator. This 
is the first mention of this office upon the record. He was repre- 
sentative in 1658. 1659. and 1660. He was selectman in 1650, 
1658. 1664, and 1668. He Avas town clerk in 1650. In 1645 he had 
two shares of the 14T, beside his farm, and in 1651, two shares in 
the ox common. In 1663 his tax was £2 8s. 3d., being the sec- 
ond, as respects the amount, in the town. 

From 1642 to 1650 his name is not found upon our records in 
the important business proceedings, from which it may be inferred 
that he had liecome unpopular on account of his being a son-in-law 
of Eev. Mr. Bachiler, who was the occasion of dividing the town 
into two parties who show much animosity to each other. The 
Bachiler party, being the minority, were obliged to leave the field 
to their more successful opponents. These prejudices probably 
existed some years, and operated against Mr. Hussey's being put 
forward as he otherwise would have been. But from 1650 to the 
time of his death, he seemed to have gained his former consequence. 



BIOGRAPHICAL SKETCHES. 183 

and frequently discharged the duties of those offices which were 
then only bestowed upon the best informed and influential men. 
Among those offices was that of moderator at the meetings, and 
they were then chosen to preside over the next meeting, so that 
nothing was to be done in assembling but to proceed immediately 
to business. May 28, 1G41, the town passed a vote to regulate 
these meetings: 1st. The moderator was to be chosen at the end 
of every meeting for the next succeeding one. 2d. The moder- 
ator, if the elders were not present, was to open the meeting with 
prayer. 3d. He was there to state to the meeting some propo- 
sition or to call on some one else to do it. 4th. AVhen any person 
addressed the moderator he was to stand up and put off his hat, 
and no other person was to speak at the same time, and no one was 
to speak oftener than twice or thrice on the same business without 
leave. "ISTor shall any one propound anything till the former be 
for that time determined. Xor shall any, when a matter is in agi- 
tation, be talking of any other thing within the meeting room." 
The clerk was to call over the freemen and note the absent. The 
meeting was to be ended with prayer. Every person who violated 
the foregoing rule was subject to a fine of six shillings, to be laid 
out upon the highway or other town business, and if not paid within 
six days the constable had power to distrain, etc. 

He was a signer to AYeare's petition to the king. He was prob- 
ably a very severe sufferer from the hands of Mr. Mason, for in 
Weare's brief of evidence presented to the Lord's Commissioners 
of Trade, etc., it is stated that for Partridge's costs, goods were 
tendered and refused, and that Partridge was imprisoned; that he 
was forbid to work in prison, and forced to live upon the charity 
of his friends. John Smith testifies the same of Christopher Hus- 
sey. Mr. Weare knew him to be 86 years old. This brief is dated 
March 10, 1685. 

Lewis's History of Lynn says he was cast away on the coast of 
Florida in 1685. He was then about 87. It would seem almost 
incredible. "What could induce such an old man to take a voyage 
so far from home, as to have been cast away upon the coast of 
Florida? The only reason we can assign for it is that having suf- 
fered imprisonment on account of Mr. Mason, there was an entire 
uncertainty whether he should not again be exposed to a similar 
trial, as well as to the loss of his estate. He may have contemplated 
moving to one of the West India islands, in order to spend the 
remainder of his days in peace and quietness. 



184 HISTORY OF HAMPTON FALLS. 

From another source we learn that Captain Hussey, having 
rounded out ninety years in an honorable and distinguished career, 
died March 6, 1686, and was buried March 8, as stated on the town 
records. Capt. Henry Dow wrote upon his diary in cipher for 
Monday, March 8, that he was at Captain Hussey's burial. From 
this it would appear that he died in Hampton, and not, as has been 
previously stated, upon the far-off coast of Florida. 

Mr. Hussey was appointed one of the first councilors in New 
Hampshire under royal authority, upon its separation from Massa- 
chusetts in 1679. This office he held till his death. He was also 
a military man. April 2, 1653, he was chosen presbyter to the 
next court to be held at Salisbury, to be installed as lieutenant for 
the town of Hampton. He was afterward called Captain Hussey. 
He was a chief man in church affairs, being one of the first deacons, 
having the first seat. 

His mother, Mary Husse}', had a separate grant from her son in 
1610. It was 5 acres for a house lot, 3 acres fresh meadow, and 
5 acres of planting ground. In 1645, she had one of the 147 shares. 
She died June 16, 1660. It is not known where her house was. 

His inventory was £660, appraised by John Tuck and Joseph 
Dow. 

His first wife was Theodata Bachiler, daughter of Eev. Stephen 
Bachiler. She died October 20, 1649. He married, second, Ann, 
widow of JefPery Mingay. She died June 24, 1680. 

His children were as follows: 

Stephen, who was born in 1630, married ]\Iartha Bunker, and 
moved to Nantucket, where he died in 1718, aged 88 years. 

John, who married Eebecca Perkins. 

Joseph. 

Maey, who married Thomas Page; second, Henry Green; third, 
Henry Dow. 

Huldah, who married John Smith and died in May, 1740, aged 
97 years. 

Theodata, who married Benjamin Swett in May, 1682. 

Captain Hussey's farm, where he lived after 1645 or 1650, was 
south of the Falls river, and was afterward known as the Worth 
farm and was probably owned by the Husseys until ]\Ir. Worth 
came here, about 1733. It has since been owned by Captain Hoyt, 
Abraham Dow, James Brimner, and others, and comprised what is 



BIOGRAPHICAL SKETCHES. 185 

now owned by George L. Brown, heirs of Jefferson Janvrin, John A. 
Dow, and others. 

Many have erroneously supposed that Mr. Hussey owned and 
operated the mills now known as Dodge's. This cordd not have 
been so, as Henry Green was in possession as early as 1648, by a 
grant from the town. They remainedjn jjossession of his descend- 
ants until 1761, when they were sold to Col. Jonathan Moulton of 
Hampton. If Mr. Hussey ever owned or operated mills it must 
have been elsewhere. 

The poet John G. AYhittier felt pride in the fact that he was a 
descendant of Christopher Hussey. 

GOVEENOE EDWAED CEAXFIELD. 

Mason had now learned from experience that the people, if 
governed by officers of their own choice, would never admit his 
title to their lands. He therefore besought the king to appoint 
a new governor who would favor his claims. Mason, by surrender- 
ing one fifth of the quit-rents to the king for the support of a royal 
governor, procured the appointment of Edward Cranfield as lieu- 
tenant governor, and commander in chief of New Hampshire. 
Avarice was Cranfield's ruling passion, and the proprietor ap- 
proached him through that avenue by mortgaging to him the whole 
province for twenty-one years, as security for the payment of one 
hundred and fifty pounds per annum to the new governor. Thus 
Cranfield became personally interested in Mason's claim. His com- 
mission Avas dated May 9, 1682. It granted almost imlimited 
powers. 

Very soon after entering upon his office, Cranfield suspended 
from the council the popular leaders Waldron and Martyn. The 
people soon learned that Cranfield was clothed with extraordinary 
powers, and that both their liberty and property were in peril. 
He could veto all acts of the legislature and dissolve them at pleas- 
ure. The judges Avere also appointed by him. On the 11th of 
February, 1683, the governor called on the inhabitants of 'New 
Hampshire to take their leases from Mason within one month, with 
threats of confiscation in case of neglect to do so. Very few per- 
sons complied Avitli this requisition. The courts were then arranged 
so as to secure a verdict in every case for Mason. The notorious 
Barefoote was made judge. The juries were selected from those 
who had taken leases from the proprietor. 



18(o HISTORY OF HAMPTON FALLS. 

With matters thus arranged Mason commenced actions of eject- 
ment against the principal inliahitants of the several towns. No 
defense was made. The verdict was in every case for the plaintiff, 
and he was put legally in possession of the forfeited estates, but 
so strong was the popular hatred against him he could neither keep 
nor sell them. The government became a mere instrument of op- 
pression. The people were harassed beyond endurance. The 
people as a forlorn hope resolved to petition the king for protec- 
tion. This was done in secret. Xathaniel AVeare of Hampton was 
appointed their agent to present this petition to his majesty. 

The remainder of this turbttlent administration was a series of 
collusions with the assembly, the people, and the pulpit. Cran- 
field was a perverse, arrogant, impractical schemer, and re- 
peated failures in his high-handed measures made him desperate. 
He undertook to rule without the assembh', and thus involved 
himself in difficulty with the home government. While he re- 
mained in office he succeeded in making everybody unhappy and 
uncomfortable. 

He owed the Eev. Joshua Moody of Portsmouth a special spite. 
He determined to bring this stitrdy independent to terms. He 
issued an order in council requiring ministers to admit all persons 
of suitable years and not vicious to the Lord's stipper, and their 
children to baptism, and that if any person desired baptism or the 
sacrament of the Lord's supper, it was to be administered accord- 
ing to the church of England. The governor himself, with Mason 
and Hincks, appeared at Mr. Moody's church the next Sabbath, 
desiring to partake of the Lord's supper, and requiring him to 
administer it according to the liturgj'. He at once declined to do 
so. Moody was arraigned for disobedience to the king's command. 
He made a suitable defense, pleading that he was not Episcopally 
ordained and therefore not legally qualified for the service de- 
manded. The governor gained over several reluctant judges and 
]iIoody was sentenced to six months' imprisonment without bail or 
mainprise. Mr. Moody was immediately taken into custody, with- 
out taking leave of his family, and held in durance for thirteen 
weeks. He was released but was to preach no more in the province. 
The governor, being foiled in all his plans, proceeded to lexj 
and collect taxes without the sanction of the assembl)^ His of&cers 
were resisted. They were assailed with clubs in the street and 
scalded with boiling water in the houses. In process of time the 
agent of the colonv Avas heard in England, and the lords of trade 



BIOGRAPHICAL SKETCHES. 187 

decided that Cranfield had exceeded his authority and instructions, 
and the king granted him leave of absence, rewarding his loyalty 
with an oi!ice in Barbadoes. So the colony was relieved of one 
tyrant to give place to another, for AValter Barefoote, his deputy, 
reigned in his stead. 

Cranfield seems not to liaA'e possessed any element of nobility of 
character or generosity. He was deceitful and treacherous, as well 
as vindictive and malicious. His successor during his short admin- 
istration walked in his steps. He continued the prosecutions in- 
stituted by Mason, and allowed persons to be imprisoned on execu- 
tions, which the lords of trade had pronounced illegal. The service 
of these writs was attended with peril to the officials. In Dover 
the rioters who resisted the sheriffs were seized during divine v.^or- 
ship in the church. The officers Avere again roughly handled, 
and one young lady knocked one of them down Avith her Bible. 
Both Barefoote and Mason received personal injuries at the house 
of the former from two meml)ers of the assembly, who went thither 
to converse about these suits. Mason was thrown upon the fire 
and badly burned. Barefoote attempted to aid him and had two 
of his ribs broken. Mason commenced the assault. It was an 
unseemly quarrel for a prospective baron and an actual governor. 
In 1686, Mason having hitherto been defeated in his attempt to 
recover the cultivated lands of the state turned his attention to 
the unoccupied portions. He disposed of a large tract of a million 
acres, on both sides of Merrimack river, to Jonathan Tyng, and 
nineteen others, for a yearly rent of ten shillings. He also leased 
for a thousand years to Hezekiah Usher and his heirs, *''the rivers, 
minerals, and ores"' within the limits of New Hampshire. 

MASON'S SUITS. 

Suits were instituted against all the principal land holders in the 
province, who, following AYaldron's example, never made any de- 
fense. Some, chiefly of Hampton, gave in writing their reasons 
for not Joining issue, which were Mason's refusal to comply with 
the direction in the commission, the impropriety of a jury deter- 
mining what the king had expressly reserved for himself, and the 
incapacity of the jury, they all being interested persons, one of 
whom had said he would sj^end his estate to make Mason's right 
good. These reasons were irritating rather than convincing to the 
court. The jury never hesitated in their verdicts. From seven 



188 HISTORY OF HAMPTON FALLS. 

to twelve cases were dispatched in a day, and the costs were mnlti- 
plied from five to twenty pounds. Executions were issued of which 
two or three only were levied, but Mason could neither keep pos- 
session of the premises or dispose of them by sale, so that the owners 
still occupied and enjoyed them. 

In 1683, Governor Cranfield brought an action against John 
Sanborn of Hampton for saying, "I question whether the king ever 
heard of his [the said Edward Cranfield's] commission or patent." 
Damages were laid at £500. 

In case depending between Edward Cranfield, Esquire, plaintiff, 
against John Sanborn, defendant, "The jury now find for the 
plaintiff. Five hundred pounds damage, and costs of Court, Or to 
make a public acknowledgment, in all four towns both, in matter 
and form, as this Court shall direct. Then he so doing shall pay 
but ten pounds and costs of Court." The costs were £1 10s. 
Capt. Samuel Sherburne of Hampton was prosecuted, in an action 
of slander, by Eobert Mason for saying "He brings nothing but 
lilanks, and coppeys, without seals both here and in England to 
prove his cases." He was sentenced to pay £20 damages and to 
make open acknowledgment in Hampton and in Great Island 
(Portsmouth) on two public days, otherwise he was to pay £100. 
The acknowledgment was made by his confessing that he had 
done "very evilly, and simply both to the person and cause of 
Eobert Mason." 

The witnesses in Mason's cases were always some of the jury. 
Benjamin Moulton and William Fifield prove possession given 
Mason of Sanborn's house and lands and of the imprisoning of 
Sanborn. The costs in these actions were raised from 20s. to £6. 
Goods were not taken. In case of Partridge's costs, goods were 
tendered as before but refused, and Partridge imprisoned. He 
was forbidden to work in prison, and forced to live on his friends' 
charity. John Smith testifies the same of Christopher Hussey, 
who was 86 years old. 

Jacob Perkins and Timothy Hilliard testify that seeing how 
others were dealt with by Mr. Mason, by imprisonment for want 
of money to pay court charges, they were forced to yield to Mr. 
Mason's demand. 

The General Assembly ordered pieces of 8 rial value and dollars to 
pass at 6s. 8d. per oz., Troy weight. Governor Cranfield and his 
council ordered that these pieces should go at 6s. apiece, without 
respect to weight; some dollars not worth 3s. by weight to pass for 



BIOGRAPHICAL SKETCHES. 189' 

6s. William Sanborn swears he lost 16s. in receiving £5, Spanish 
money, by reason of the above order; Jacob Brown, that he lost a 
sixth part of £5, Spanish money, by the same order. 

One Joseph Dow and other jurymen, passing by the governor's 
honse, were invited in and friendly received, but on asking the 
question whether they might not when sworn (as before they had 
done) hold up their hands instead of kissing the book, the gover- 
nor fell into a rage and asked them how they came there, to whom 
Dow replied "at your honor's invitation." Mr. Cranfield com- 
plained of this matter to the next court as a riot. Dow was forced 
to give £100 bonds for his appearance next session. When Dow 
appeared nothing was alleged against him, he was discharged, and 
his arms restored; but at another session, after Dow was called again 
on the same bond, and the penalty was enforced against him, he was- 
forced to flee out of the province with his wife and nine children,, 
leaving his house and goods, with the corn in the ground, to the- 
governor. This Mr. Vaughan and Mr. Weare can also prove. 

September 16, 1684, Vaughan was committed to prison until he 
gave security for his good behavior, by Mr. Barefoote and others. 
John Foulsome and Nathaniel Batchelder swear that "in July 
last the governor said he would fine all the petitioners £100 each 
and that it should be the last toll that can come to his mill." The 
petitioners referred to were those who signed Weare's petition to the- 
king. 

William Fifield, Jr., Eichard Sanborn, and Xathaniel Sanborn^ 
depose that in October, 1683, being at John Sanborn Senior's house, 
when Eobert Mason, Sherlock, the marshal, and James Leach came' 
to give Mason possession, Sanborn not opening the door, Leach,, 
per marshal's order, broke it open and gave Mason possession,, 
and Sherlock took Sanborn prisoner, when Mason openly told the 
people "This is what you shall come to." 

Thomas Philbrick speaks of some discourse between him and 
Henry Green, Esq., about Henry Roby and Nathaniel Boulter, 
two standing Jurymen, having had land from Mason which was 
worth £100, above the 2d. to be paid Henry Green as one of the 
judges. 

Henry Dow can testify that the 11th of October, 1683, Henry 
Eoby had land measured out to him of one hundred acres upland 
and marsh, appointed him by Mason, and Nathaniel Boulter and 
his sons had twenty acres, which he said was too little, in that 
Mason had promised him thirty. Eobert Smith had a piece of 

13 



190 HISTORY OF HAMPTON FALLS. 

marsh land, lie claiming the same from 3iIasou. These grounds 
were part of the unfenced pasture where the milch cows of Hamp- 
ton's inhabitants used to feed, the loss of which is of great prejudice 
to the town. 

The following extract is from a brief of Cranfield's commission 
and of the evidence in support of the complaint and against it: 

That in order for the trial of ]\Ir. Mason's lands l^t There is a stand- 
ing- jnry kept from month to month 2^ That by report these jurymen 
have agreed Avith Mason for their lands. 3d That several pleas have 
been refused and the defendants told by judges they would not make 
record for them, by entering' their jjleas. 

Thomas Thurston the Sheriff, was beaten at Hampton and his sword 
taken from him. He was then seated uiDon a horse and conveyed out 
of the province to Salisbury, with a rope about his neck, his feet 
tied under the horse's belly — Justice Koby attempted to commit some 
of the rioters but they were rescvied on the way, and both the justice 
and Sheriflf were struck in the execution of their ofhce. — The troop 
of horse under Mason's command was then ordered out, completely 
mounted and armed, to assist in suiipressing the disorder. But when 
the day came not one appeared. 

Cranfield thus finding his efforts ineffectual and his authority 
contemptible was obliged to desist. 

Jacob Basford, of whom a sketch appears elsewhere, was said 
to have been the man who bound and conveyed Thurston out of 
the province. Ten men came to arrest Basford, who was a power- 
ful man. He charged upon them with a threshing flail and put 
them to flight. They retreated in great haste, and as their course 
was through a potato field a great many potatoes were unearthed in 
their hurried departure. The officers did not trouble Basford 
any more. 

John Sanborn, who was imprisoned by Mason's order, lived on 
the Sanborn homestead, near the orchard on the Depot road, in 
Hampton Falls, and was the father of Abner. who died in 1T80. 

NATHANIEL WEAEE. 

Xathaniel Weare was born in 1631. He was in Xewbury, Mass., 
in 1656, and came to Hampton as early as 1663. In 1665 he ex- 
changed with the town ten acres of land, formerly Francis Swain's, 
one of whose heirs he was. It is not known what the relationship 
between him and Swain was. Mr. Weare soon became one of the 
first men in town and was intrusted with much important business. 



BIOGRAPHICAL SKETCHES. 191 

In 1669, he was chosen to rim the south line. This hne was always 
a matter of dispute between the towns of Hampton and Salisbury 
from the earliest settlement of the towns, and was for many years 
after it became the dividing line of the provinces. People took 
advantage of the uncertainty attending it to evade their taxes, 
and after the separation in 1680, they improved the opportunity 
to resist the officers of justice of the two provinces. 

The difficulty arose from its being exactly three miles due north 
from the Merrimack, following every bend of the river, which often 
was shifting, the respective towns sometimes being the losers and 
sometimes the gainers from the change. The town chose their 
best men to run this line and it required great exactness. After 
the incorporation of Hampton Falls they entered into an agreement 
with the town of Salisbury to tax no further south than Cane's 
brook. The line was run fifty or sixty rods south of the brook, 
and there was a meeting-house and several dwelling houses between 
it and the brook. In 1669 Xathaniel "Weare was chosen to lay out 
the lands lying more than four miles north of the meeting-house. 
In 1670 he had a gTant of eighty acres (ISTo. 55). In 1672 he was 
chosen to manage a suit brought by the inhabitants of Exeter 
against the widow Garland, involving the question of the town line, 
which Hampton defended and carried before the court of assistants, 
by appeal from the court of quarter sessions. 

In 1682 arose the famous dispute with Mason and Governor 
Cranfield, concerning the title of the inhabitants to their land. 
Mr. Weare was dispatched to England as the agent of the province. 
He went twice on this business, and gave great satisfaction to the 
inhabitants by his prompt and faithful discharge of the trust re- 
posed in him. Belknajj's History of New Ham] <hire has a full 
account of the services performed by him, which we have not room 
to copy. The expense of his mission was defrayed by the inhab- 
itants of the different towns. The Hampton people had a sub- 
scription and afterward, June 19, 1689, voted to raise £75 as their 
proportion. This was to be raised equally upon the shares, payable 
in five months. 

Mr. Weare, jDrevious to his going to England, took possession of 
the Hampton records and carried them to Boston, for fear of their 
falling into the hands of Mason and Cranfield. 

The following writ has been found in consequence of this trans- 
action: 



192 HISTORY OF HAMPTON FALLS. 

N. hamp. ss. In his Maj. Name you are hereby required to attach 
ye goods or for want of them, of ye body of Nathaniel Weare Jr. of 
hampton j-eoni" and take bond of him of five hundred pounds, 
to th svifficient security for his appearance at ye Court of Pleas, 
to be held by adjournment, at Grett Island ye ninth day of March next 
insuing, to answer to an information on his Majs behalf, for imbeselling- 
ye records belonging to y^ town of hampton aforesc^, w<^h Lately were 
in his custody. — Fail not and make your return according to law. — 
Dated ye 2d day of March, 1GS5 

by order R. CHAMBERLAIN Prothon. 

To Thomas Thurston Prov^t Marsh^ — "Will™ godso Marshall or either 
of ye deputies. 

This is a true Coppy as attest THQs THURSTON Prov^t Marshall 

AVe have not seen any account of the resiilt of this complaint.. 
The occasion of his absence in England was improved by Cranfield's. 
agentS;, by his order to distress Mr. Weare's family as much as pos- 
sible. 

In 1G89, he was chosen commissioner to agree npon some form of 
government. In March, 1690, it appears from a letter of his ta 
Robert Pike that he was opposed to being taken into the ]\Iassa- 
chnsetts government. The allusion in that letter to the "''frenzy- 
leader' imdoubtedly referred to Col. Josiah Smith, who about that 
time took a major's commission, and during the remainder of his. 
life was opposed to him in politics. 

He was appointed one of the council in 1692. He withdrew vol- 
untarily, in January, 1699, upon the admission of Usher to a seat 
in the council, not deeming that he (Usher) had any right to the 
office. 

In 1689, he was a representative, and a selectman in 1667, 16T0, 
1672, 1678, 1682, 1699, 1700, and 1701. He took a warm interest 
in procuring the organization of a church in Hampton Falls in 
1711, and was a leading memljer. He died May 13, 1718, uni- 
versally respected through a long life. 

In a letter from Stephen Bachiler to his brother, Xathaniel Bach- 
iler of Hampton, dated London, April 13, 1685, he says of Mr! 
Weare, "He is much of a gentleman & ye good friend. God grant 
he may arrive in Safety." 

His wife Avas named Elisebeth. Her other name may have been 
Swain. She was admitted to the church July 14, 1699, but was 
dead in 1711. 

Tradition says that Mr. Weare brought three elm trees from Eng- 
land, one of which he planted near his own house; another was set. 



BIOGRAPHICAL SKETCHES. 193 

near his son Peter's house, and a third near Capt. Benjamin Swett's 
house, wliose wife was a sister of Mr. AVeare. These trees are all 
now in existence and are of great size. One of them is near the 
house of the late Enoch Chase, at Fogg's Corner; one near the 
residence of the late David F. Boyd in Seahrook, and the third 
near the house of Miss S. Abhie Gove in this town. 
His children were as follows: 

Peter, born November 15, 1660; died in l?-4'^. 

Elizebeth, married Thomas Cram, December 20, 1681. 

Mary, born July 23, 1663; died September 1, 1682. 

Sarah, born June 17, 1666. 

Nathaniel, born June 29, 1669. 

Hannah, born June IT, 1672. 

Abigail, born July 13, 1676. 

Mehitable, married Benjamin Hilliard, April 20, 1703. 

The following extracts are from a letter from William Vaughan, 
Esq., to Nathaniel Weare, Esc|., at London, dated at Portsmouth, 
February 11, 1681: 

Grete bluster at Hampton about the petition Some weaklings ware 
whedged into a confession and they discovered the persons who car- 
ried the petition. They ware by Justices Green & Eoby bound over to 
the quarter sessions. But last Saturday night (on what grounds I 
know not) Mr. Green burnt their bonds and told them they must 
appear when called for 

It is said that Justis Green is much aiflicted for what he has done, 
But Eoby not. [In a note attached to the foregoing, ]Mr INIoody in 
the church record remarks thus on his judges: "Not long after Green 
repented and made his acknowledgments to the pastor, who frankly 
forgave him Eoby was excommunicated out of Hampton church for 
being a common drunkard, and died excommunicated and was by his 
friends thrown into a hole near his house for fear of an arrest of his 
Carcass. — He was buried near the large rock back of the Town meeting 
house. Eev. Seaborn Cotton's prophesy, respecting him was. That 
when he died, he would not have so honorable biirial as an ass Mr. 
Cotton has come home from Boston, Grete offence taken here at a 
sermon he preached in Boston on Acts 13-5, Tho pleasing to his 
hearers."] 

Mathews & Thurston were sent to Hamx^ton to levie Executions, 
and serve attachments, and warn jurymen for the Court in May. They 
arrested seaven, amonge which Captan Sanborn was one. Warned 
the ould jurymen — Executed upon \\^ Sanborn took four oxen which 
were redeemed by money Drove away seven cows from Xathi Batchel- 
der — Went to your house met your son Peter going with his four oxeu 



194 HISTORY OF HAMPTON FALLS. 

into the woods, commanded him to turn the oxen home, he would not. 
They cursed. Swore and drew upon him, threatened to run him tlirough, 
Beete him, but he did not strike again. They came to your house, 
ware shut out. Your wife ferefully scared for fere of her son, who 
was out with them — At length she let them in, laid three pounds on 
the table, which they took, and then levied on several young cattle, but 
released and left them. Your son came hither to advise biit complaint 
is bootless. Such a dismal ease are we in. They took away two bedds 
from ould Perkins — But his son offered his person, and they took it, 
and quitted the others what more they did we as yet hear not 

The following is a letter from iSTathaniel Weare to Major Eobert 
Pike: 
Maj. I'ike 

Honored Sir.. The many revolutions and changes that have hap- 
pened abroad is very wonderful, and almost amazing. Besides what 
has happened among and upon ourselves is very awful, and things look 
very dark, the consideration therof so oppressive that I cannot but 
seke for some cause. And I know no better way (as to man) than 
to communicate some things to your honor from whose prudent dis- 
cretion I may receive much satisfaction and shall therfore crave the 
boldness to offer a few lines to your consideration not to medell 
with thyngs further off. — I shall as brief as 1 may ofer you what has 
happened in this province of New Hampshire and more partiquerly, 
in the town of Hampton. 

Sir, it is no new thyng to tell you how that him that was both gov- 
ernor in your colony and also in our province was seazed and the 
occasion therof, Wherevipon we had only the Justices and inferior 
oficers left. The superior commanders being laid aside. Then great 
questions arose whether Justices retayned their power or any cap- 
tain or other oficer deriving his authority from him so seazed. My 
opinion I shall altogether waive in that matter. But so it was for the 
most part concluded of, That we have no governor, or authority in the 
province. So as to finswer the Ends of government, and to command 
and doe in the defence of their Majesties subjects, against the common 
Enemy. Therfore many asayer was maid in this province to make 
some government, till these majesties should take further order. — 
But all proved inett'ectual — At first there was in the severall towns 
in the province persons chosen to manage the affairs of government, 
in this juncture of time. But that was for some reason laid aside, 
afterward there was in the town of Hampton 3 persons chosen to 
meet with the Commissioners of the other towns if they see cause to 
appoint any to debate and conclude of what was necessary at this 
time to be done, in relation to some orderly Avay of government, and 
to make their return to the several towns for approbation or otherwise. 
But the inhabitants of Portsmouth met and made choice of some per- 
sons to meet with the commissioners of the other towns to debate and 



BIOGRAPHICAL SKETCHES. 105 

consider of what was to be done in order to the settlement of some 
government, till their majesties should give order in the matter. — 
What they did, they ingaged themselves certainly to comply with. — 
The inhabitants of the town of Hampton began to be very jealous of 
their friends and neighbors, that they would bring them under sev- 
erall inconveniences in commanding them, their men and money as 
they pleased An so were verj^ hard to be brought to anything. But 
after severall meetings and debates, Did choose 6 persons as commis- 
sioners with power accoi'ding to Other towns (Viz) Portsmouth, Dover 
and Exeter and after debate jointly and fully. Every man there pres- 
ent ag'reed to such a method as was then drawn up. Then the Sev- 
erall towns was to nominate and choose meet jjersons aforesaid, But 
wheras the town of Hampton meet on warning for that End. The 
major part, by far, of the said town seemed to be ferful and suspicous 
of thayer neighboring- towns (that) they did not intend to doe as 
was pretended. But to bring them under, to thaj'er disadvantage, 
Which I thought was very ill so to think. — Yet they would give some 
instance of some former acts which notwithstanding I supposed they 
were too uncharitable. — And so they made a voat fhey wouTcl not 
choose any person according to the direction of the Committee, and so 
all proved ineffectual. After some time the apprehension of the 
necessity of some orderly way of government, and therby to be in the 
better inethod to defend themselves against the common Enemy seemed 
to inforse them to another assay for the obtaining thereof, and so 
the inhabitants of Portsmouth drew up and signed, so many as did, 
a petition as I am informed (for I never saw it) To the honorable the 
governor and Councill of the Massachusetts Collony to take the prov- 
ince into their Care and protection and government as formerly. So 
the other towns Dover and Exeter, complyed with it how generally I 
know not. — And so brought to Hampton on Wednesday, the 26tii of 
February last past. When the soldiers were there warned to appear 
for conserns sijecified in said order. But no intimation given for the 
End of signing to the petition. So that severall Children and servants 
made up the number of names, when thayer parents and masters, its 
said did know nothing of the matter, and I doubt too true — It was 
quickly after by William Yaughan Esqr and C]3t. John Pickering 
brought into the province declaring to be accepted by the said governor 
and Councill — With orders given fourth to meet on such a day for 
chusing of Selectmen and Constables, and other town oficers accord- 
ing to former usage and custom — As appears by order given to 
Justice Green bearing date March 4tii 1689-90, Coppes I Supose your- 
self have. — What was done on that day I need not tell. Yourself knows 
verry well But this I shall insert. That chusing of ]Major, treasurer 
and recorder was not according to former usage and custom. — It was 
prest by some to have it voated whither they would in this town of 
Hampton aquies and complj^ with the petition and the returns or 
words to that effect, Which yourself was pleased to say all would be 
knoct on the head, at one blow. — Xow how contemptible it will bee for 



196 HISTORY OF HAMPTON FALLS. 

about 50 persons to prescribe the method and way of government for 
about 200, I shall leave to your honor to consider. For mj' own part 
its well known I am for government and so are severall others, whose 
names are not to the petition and hath a great esteem of and good will 
to the Massachusetts government, and to those Avorthy persons that 
•doth administer the same. And with very littall alteration I doubt not 
but many men would have if they might have their hands to the peti- 
tion But to have hands in the severall towns to the same petition to be 
under the government of the ^lassachusetts Colony as formerly. — Where 
^ve are so differently sarcomstanced as som of us know we have been, 
is hard to draw such a petition and when such a petition is drawn 
subscribed as it is and accepted of for the subscribers to act contrary 
to the same is very strange. — 

Formerh" not to medell with the custom and usage of the gentle- 
men of Piscataqua, Wee at Hampton had the choice of our magistrates 
•and public officers, as yourself knows. — And how the assistants or 
Magistrates at Portsmouth can grant an^- warrants, or exercise the 
administration of government over Hampton that never chose them, 
I know not So that upon the whole the government of the Massachu- 
setts cannot, I suppose, exercise or apoint anj' governors over us, 
till they have authority so to doe, from the crowne of England, or we, 
or the major part in the severall towns, doe pay for it, which at pres- 
ent is not in Hampton as it plainly appears. — So that to be subjected 
to a government in the province, and princijjalh- at Portsmouth, which 
has been so much spoken against by so many in Hampton will be 
very tedious to them. And the chusing of military officers as hath 
been, to give all due respect to those persons, I shall not say of ex- 
•ceptional qualifications, So well known to yourself. But only say 
that frensj- leaders maj- happen to have mad followers. — So that to 
have a government so imposed — What will I fear follow but distrac- 
tion, hart burnings, disobedience to the deposed commanders, publick 
declarations, remonstrances, set fourth that may reach as far as 
England, and so make way for a person to be deputed by the crowne 
of England, that may under the color of commission exercise his own 
will, not to speak of declarations of userpations still continued in 
the Colony. — Some have thought forthwith jjublickly to declare them- 
selves to the governor in said collony, that all may be healed as 
quietly and as silently as it may be, and I doubt not your wisdom 
will be exercised in the matter and that we may have peace and unity 
with you. And at length we may have a happy pleasant settlement, 
And that the God of peace would by all means give us peace and truth 
is the desire and jorayer of your very humble Servant 

2s'ATHi WEARE 

Hampton this lath of March 1689-90. 

Major Eobert Pike was a leading citizen of Salisbury. He was 
one of the commissioners and later a magistrate of Xorfolk county. 
He defended the Quakers, and was a friend to those accused of 



BIOGRAPHICAL SKETCHES. 197 

witchcraft. He was a man of strong convictions. The General 
Court disfranchised him for nsing seditious language in relation to 
them. Eev. John 'Wheelwright excommunicated him from his 
church for differing with him in ojiinion. He was afterward re- 
stored to his former privileges in church and state. He died De- 
cemher 12, 1706, at the age of ninety-one years. He was a man 
whose memory is honored and respected as a bold and fearless advo- 
cate of human rights. 

PETER WEAEE. 

Peter AVeare was a son of Xathaniel AVeare, Esq., and was born 
in Xewbury November 15, IGGO, and died in 1747, aged eighty- 
seven years. He was one of the signers of AVeare's petition. He 
was one of the selectmen in 1691 and representative in 1716, 
and until the separation of Hampton Falls in 1718, when he was 
chosen as their representative as long as he Avished to go. The 
people of Hampton Falls had unlimited confidence in him and 
elected him to any office he desired. He was generally the presid- 
ing officer in their parish meetings. In 1698 he was appointed 
one of the council. How long he retained this office we are unable 
to say. He did not leave the board when his father resigned, at 
the time when Usher took his seat, January 7, 1699. He prob- 
ably held the office until Governor Shute arrived in 1716. He 
was a military man and rose to the rank of colonel, by Avhich title 
he was generally known. He was one of the first members of the 
church at Hampton Falls in 1711, and headed the petition for the 
incorporation of the parish in 1718. He married, January 6, 
1693, Elizebeth Wilson of Exeter. 

His children were as follows: 

Petee, born December 12, 1698. 

SusAN-NA, born August 1, 1702; married Capt. Nathaniel Healy. 

Nathaniel, Capt., born in 1707. 

Ebexeazer, born March 1, 1708; married Prudence Locke. 

Stephen, born in 1710. 



^ 



198 HISTORY OF HAMPTON FALLS. 

NATHANIEL WEARE, 2d. 

Nathaniel Weare, 2d, was a son of Nathaniel Weare, 1st, and 
was born in August, 1669. He was representative in 1696, He 
was selectman in 171-4 and 1715 and speaker of the hoitse of repre- 
sentatives in 1727, and for many 3'ears a judge of the superior court. 
November 9, 1690, he married Huldah, daughter of John Hussey, 
who was born July 16, 1670, and died in 1702. He died ]\Iarch 26, 
1755. 

His children were as follows: 

Daniel, born September 12, 1693; married, first, Hannah Green; 

second, Mary Bradstreet. 
Petee, born January 16, 1695; married Mary Felt. 
John, born September 12, 1696; married Abigail Taylor. 

Hannah, born January 12, 1699; married Allen. 

HuLDAH, born January 16, 1702; married Isaac CTreen. 

August 24, 1703, he married Mary Wait, and their children were 
as follows: 

]\Lary, born March 22, 1704; married Jere. Brown. 
Nathan, born September 22, 1705; died June 17, 1725. 
Mercy, born March 22, 1708. 
Sarah, born July 5, 1709; married Jonathan Dow. 
Elesebeth, born September 11, 1711; married Joseph Tilton. 
Meshech, born June 16, 1713; president of Ncav Hampshire. 
Abigail, born March 17, 1716; married Col. Abraham Drake. 
Mehetable, born December 18, 1720; married Caleb Sanborn. 

His will was dated February 26, 1754, and proved April 24, 1753. 
He named in his Avill the above children except Nathan and Mary, 
and also speaks of his daughter, Abigail Weare, and her children, 
Weare and Abigail Drake. 




:\ieshech weare. 

BY EZRA S. STEARXS. 



Meshech Weare was born in Hampton Falls, June 16, 1713. 
For several years, and until the state demanded and freely re- 



BIOGRAPUICAL SKETCHES. 199 

ceived his undivided service, he was much employed in town aiTairs. 
Between 1745 and 1775 he served twenty years in the provincial 
house of representatives, and was three years speaker of the house. 
From 1747 to 1776 he was a justice of the superior court of judi- 
cature, and during the ensuing six years he was the chief justice 
of that court. As early as 1755 he was a colonel, and for some years 
was the commandant, of the Third Begiment of the provincial 
militia. Beginning with the Eevolution he was a delegate in the 
five provincial congresses, and when the rehellion advanced to rev- 
olution he was eight and one half years the president of the council 
and the chairman of the committee of safety. To complete the 
measure of a most remarkable career, under the constitution of 
1784 he was unanimously elected the first governor of Xew Hamp- 
shire. In feeble health he performed the duties of this exalted 
olfice, and died January 14, 1786, about seven months after the 
completion of a prolonged and illustrious service. 

Several numbers of the "New Hampshire Eegister," a few local 
histories, the biographical encyclopedias, and editorial notes ap- 
pended to historical publications present brief sketches of Meshech 
Weare. These are all in substantially the same language, and the 
most pretentious is limited to less than a half page of ordinary 
print. The Plumer Biographies, Volume V. of the Collections of 
the Xew Hampshire Historical Society in an article by Paine 
Wingate, and "Bench and Bar' by Governor Bell, contain articles 
scarcely more extended, and none exceeding three pages in length. 
The only available material for a more extended account of the 
labors of this eminent man is preserved in the original records of 
his time. 

I. Xathaniel Weare, the emigrant ancestor of a distinguished 
family, settled in Xewbury, Massachusetts, as early as 1638. He 
was a proprietor of Newbury, and for twenty years his name is fre- 
quently mentioned in the records. In 1659 he removed to Nan- 
tucket, where he died March 1, 1680-81. 

II. Nathaniel Weare, son of Nathaniel the emigTant, was born 
in England, 1631. He married, December 3, 1656, Elizabeth 
Swain, a daughter of Eichard Swain, then of Eowley, Massachu- 
setts, and later of Hampton, New Hampshire. He lived a few years 
in Newbury, and there his son Peter was born. In 1762 he re- 
moved to Hampton. His homestead, by divisions of the ancient 
town, for many years was a part of Hampton Falls, and more 



200 HISTORY OF HAMPTON FALLS. 

recently a part of vSeabrook. He was frequently employed in pub- 
lic affairs, and Avas a prominent character in the contentions and 
controversies of his time. Twice he visited England, and boldly 
asserted the cause of the people before the king. He was a rep- 
resentative in the assembly convening in 1685, and again in 1696, 
and a member of the council with little interruption from 1692 to 
1715. In April, 1694, he was appointed chief justice of the supe- 
rior court of judicature, succeeding Judge Martyn, and presided 
in that court until 1696, when he was succeeded by Judge Smith. 
He died May 13, 1718, aged 87 years. 

III. Nathaniel Weare, son of jSTathaniel and Elizabeth (Swain) 
Weare, was l)orn in Hampton, August 29, 1663, and died March 
26, 1755. He was a representative in the assembly which convened 
December 13, 1727, and was elected speaker. This assembly was 
dissolved the 27th day of the ensuing March, and a newly elected 
assembly convened April 9 of the same year. He was again a 
member, and again elected speaker, of the assembly. This elec- 
tion of sj^eaker was set aside by Lieutenant-Governor John Went- 
worth, and the house was directed to proceed in another election. 
The house firmly denied the authority of the governor to veto its 
election of a speaker, and an animated controversy ensued, which 
was finally ended by the voluntary resignation of Mr. Weare. 

The assembly reluctantly accepted the resignation, and adopted 
resolutions expressing their regard and respect for their chosen 
speaker. He remained a member of the assembly until its dissolu- 
tion, December 3, 1730. He was a member of the succeeding 
assembly, which continued from February 3, 1730-31, until May 
18, 1732, and also of the assembly which convened March 8, 1736- 
37, and was dissolved November 17, 1738. 

Beginning with 1730, he was eight years a justice of the superior 
court of judicature. He married, November 19, 1692, Huldah 
Hussey, who died leaving five children; and he married, second, 
August 24, 1703, Mary Wait, who became the mother of nine chil- 
dren. Of these fourteen children of Nathaniel Weare, Meshech 
Weare was the eleventh child and the youngest son. 

Peter Weaxe, another son of Nathaniel and Elizabeth (Swain) 
Weare, born in Newbury, November 15, 1660, was two years of 
age when the family removed to Hampton. He was a representa- 
tive in the assembly from April 20, 1715, to November 27, 1727; 
and from July 2, 1722, to November 27, 1727, he was speaker of 
the house. He was again a member of the assembly from January 



BIOGRAPHICAL SKETCHES. 201 

1 to October 2S, ITSi. In 1726 he was appointed a justice of the 
superior court of judicature, and was continued on the bench about 
four years. During the brief administration of Governor Allen 
he was a member of the council, in 1698, Ijut he was not included 
in the succeeding administration of the Earl of Bellamont. 

Unaided by the favors of a royal government, which a more sul>- 
missive spirit would have secured, this family arose to eminence 
through the force of intellect and character. The record is inspir- 
ing. Nathaniel Weare, his sons Peter and Nathaniel, and his 
grandson Meshech, were members of the provincial assembly; three 
of them were speakers of the house, and two were members of the 
council. All were justices of the superior couz-t of judicature, 
and two were chief justices of that court. In addition to these 
distinguished honors, like the gentry of Kentucky the AYeares were 
all colonels. It is safe to assert that Meshech Weare was of a dis^ 
tinguished lineage. 

Of the early life of Meshech Weare notliing has l)een wiitten, 
and little is known. He was graduated at Harvard University,, 
1735, with a good reputation for scholarship and deportment. 
The ensuing three years were devoted to the study of theology, and 
during some portion of this time he was called to officiate as a 
preacher in the neighboring churches. In 1738 he married a 
lady of many attractions and an equal number of acres. In the 
care of a family and of a farm of ample proportions he was peace- 
fully and agreeably employed, until by progressive stages and fre- 
({uent promotions he was fully occupied in the affairs of state. 
In 1739, at the age of twenty-six years, he was chosen Ijy his towns- 
men the moderator of a town meeting. This was not in itself a 
remarkable event, but in thedife of Meshech Weare it Avas the first 
of a series of accumulating honors and faithful service. In 1740, 
and in many succeeding years, he was one of the selectmen of 
Hampton. Falls. The records continue to assert his frequent em- 
ployment in town affairs and to Ijear his name upon important 
committees and other positions of trust, until, in the troublous 
times of the Eevolution, the state demanded and received his undi- 
vided time and efforts. His last service in town affairs was in 
June, 177.5, when he was called to preside over a town meeting. 
These glints of his home life testify at once to the ability and in- 
dustry of the man and the unlimited confidence of his townsmen. 

When considered in connection with the characteristics of Mr. 



202 HISTORY OF HAMPTON FALLS. 

AYeare. the following l:»rief extracts from the records of Hampton 
Falls have a peculiar significance: 

Taken up, by Meshech Weare of Hamjiton Falls, a stray steer com- 
ing in four years old, being" a brindled steer with a white face and 
white belly, his t^vo hind feet white above the hoofs and has a brindled 
spot by each eye and is marked with a crop of the rig-ht ear and a notch 
in the end of the same, which is cropped. 

MESHECH WEARE. 

Hamptox Falls, December ye 4th ]7o2. 

Here Ave find him performing the simplest offices of the good 
citizen with the same conscientious care and painstaking indnstry 
with which, in later times, through seasons of gloom and difficulty, 
he directed with steady hand the affairs of state. And again, in 
the midst of his supremest trial, his industry and the variety of his 
emi^loyments are happily reflected in the records, — 

Jonathan Green and Abigail Perkins, both of Kensington in the 
county of Rockingham and state of New Hampshire, were joined in 
holy Matrimony- the 2lst Day of October, 1778. 

By me, MESHECH WEARE, Jus. of Feace. 

The following day he was again at Exeter, and there gave an 
order to Colonel Folsom to deliver to the receiver-general $150,000, 
which had recently heen received from Philadelphia. 

Meshech Weare was endowed with a measure of ability, en- 
larged by a liberal education, that fitted him for any public station. 
Manifesting a degree of integrity that easily won the confidence of 
liis fellowmen, and early acquiring a habit of industry that sought 
new conquests, he could not long confine his lal)or to the narrow 
limits of his native town. 

In January, IT ±4-4.5, and before he had completed his thirty- 
second year, he was elected a representative to the assembly or 
house of representatives. At this date the assembly consisted of 
twenty members. The towns of Portsmouth, Hampton (includ- 
ing Hampton Falls), and Dover were permitted to send three mem- 
bers each, Exeter, two, and Xewcastle, Eye, Xewmarket, Greenland, 
Stratham, Xewington, Durham, Kingston, and Londonderry, one 
each. 

From and after the act generally known as the "Triennial Act 
of April 2T, IT 28.*" the assembly was convened for the term of 
three years, unless sooner dissolved by the royal governor. Tn 
this instance it was dissolved in the followincr Mav, and a writ was 



BIOGRAPHICAL SKETCHES. 203 

immediately issued for the election of a new assembly, which con- 
vened June 5 of the same year. This assembly was dissoh'ed June 
4, 1748, and a new assembly convened January 3, 1748-49, which 
was continued until Janiiary 4, 1753. During these seven years 
Mr. Weare was continued a member, and among associates of great 
ability he occupied a prominent position and received frequent and 
honorable mention in the records. 

The story of his life, even if feebly told, is never monotonous. 
His accumulating honors and rapid advancement through succes- 
sive promotions are continually renewed in the annals of his time. 
Incident follows incident, and honor succeeds honor, with a rapidity 
that crowds the written j^age with the record of his successes and 
achievements. 

The succeeding iissembly convened September 10, 1752, and was 
dissolved September 18, 1755. In this assembly he was a member, 
and in the organization of the house he was elected speaker. At 
this time five additional members Avere admitted — one each from 
the towns of South Hampton, C*hester, and Plaistow, one from the 
district of Salem and Pelham, and one from the district of Dun- 
stable and Merrimack. 

Of the two succeeding assemblies, beginning October 23, 1755, 
and ending November 3, 1761, he was not a member. The town 
of Hampton Falls was represented by Josiah Batchelder in the first 
and by Eichard Xason in the second assembly. His absence from 
the board of lawmakers was not long continued. 

Of the next assembly, convening January 19, 1762, he was again 
a member. Henry Sherburne, who had been the speaker during 
the preceding six years, was continued in that office. This assem- 
bly — one of the shortest in the history of the province — was ab- 
ruptly dissolved February 4. It is dilhcult, at this remote period, 
to discover the cause of the governors displeasure. In a sudden 
fit of dissatisfaction he arl)itrarily dissolved an assem1)ly that had 
scarcely completed an organization. The people, to whom he ap- 
pealed in a new election, firmly sustained their chosen repre- 
sentatives. All the members who had been suddenly dismissed 
through the caprice of a royal governor were again elected through 
the consistent and steadfast adherence of the people, and again 
a])peared before the governor in an assembly which convened 
]\Iarch 10, 1762, and was dissolved March 8, 1765. He was also 
elected to the succeeding assembly, which convened May 21, 1765. 



204 HISTORY OF HAMPTON FALLS. 

At this time only a member of the assembly was eligible to the 
office of clerk. Andrew Clarkson, for ten years the clerk of the 
assembly, having died, Mr. AVeare was elected his successor Xovem- 
ber 21, 17(35. A\'itli the exception of three years he was clerk, and 
the records are transcribed in his hand until 1775, when the royal 
government was dissolved, and on the ruins of a province was 
founded a state. Of the assembly convening May 17, 1768, and 
ending April 13, 1771, he was an active member. In the succeed- 
ing assembly, continuing three years, the town of Hampton Falls 
was represented by Jonathan Tilton, but Mr. "Weare was elected to 
the assembly of historic interest which convened April 7, 1774. 

In opposition to the known wishes of Governor John "Wentworth, 
this assembly chose a committ-ee to correspond with like committees 
of the other provinces. After refusing to reconsider this action, 
the governor dissolved the assembly June 8, 1774. The members 
who composed this assembly subsequently met in an informal con- 
vention and issued a call for the choice of delegates to convene at 
Exeter in July. They also recommended a day of fasting and 
prayer, which, says Dr. Belknap, was observed with religious 
solemnity. 

In the midst of the stirring events of the spring of 1775, Gov- 
ernor Wentworth issued a writ for the election of a new assembly, 
which convened on the 4th day of ^lay. The sessions were poorly 
attended. Mr. AVeare first appeared in the house on the 12th day 
of June, and qualified as clerk on the following day. The records 
clearly foretell the approaching Eevolution. The contest for free- 
dom was here begun, — by the assembly for the people and the 
royal governor for the throne. Failing to secure the desired legis- 
lation and to end an increasing contention, the governor prorogued 
the assembly from July 18 to September 28. The assembly never 
reconvened. The serA'ice of Mr. "Weare under the insignia of a 
king is here ended. His future efforts are in behalf of a free and 
independent state. It is over thirty years from his earliest to his 
latest service in the provincial legislature. During this period he 
was elected to the assembly ten times, and faithfully represented 
his townsmen over twenty years, of which he was nearly seven 
years a clerk, and three years a speaker, of the house. 

At the suggestion of the Lords of Trade, in the form of volumin- 
ous letters sent to the several American colonies, a convention com- 
prising twenty-three delegates, representing Xew Hampshire, Mas- 



BIOGRAPHICAL SKETCHES, 205 

sacliiisetts, Connecticnt, Ehode Island, New York, Pennsylvania, 
and Maryland, was held at Albany, in the smnnier of 1754. The 
delegates assembled June 19, and remained in conference nntil 
Jnly 11, discussing plans for the greater security of the colonies 
and the maintenance of a firmer friendship with the Indians. All 
the proceedings, and even the interviews with representative 
Indians, were condiicted with decorum, and are reported at length 
in Documents Colonial History of New York, Vol. VI. 

In this conference, or congress as it was called. New Hampshire 
was represented by four delegates. The council selected Theodore 
Atkinson and Kichard Wibird, and the house chose Meshech Weare 
and Henry Sherburne, and, in order to remove all barriers to their 
attendance, the council and assembly were prorogued from May 8 
to July 16. Mr. AVeare and his associates from New Hampshire 
were in constant attendance, and made an early report of the pro- 
ceedings to the council and assembly. 

In the present use of the term Mr. Weare was not a lawyer, and 
according to the usages of his time he was eligible to the bench. 
Members of the legal profession were seldom called to a judicial 
office until an opposite practice became quite general early in the 
present century. In 17-17 he was appointed a justice of the supe- 
rior court of judicature, and was continued in that office until 1776, 
when he was promoted to chief justice of that court. On account 
of advancing age and increasing infirmities, he resigned June 9, 
1783, after a faithful and efficient service of thirty-five years. 
His resignation was accepted by the legislature with expressions 
of regret, and the house of representatives signalized the solemnity 
of the proceeding in the following terms: 

Whereas the HonWe Meshech Weare, Escf. Chief Justice of the 
Superior Court of Judicature of this State, hath signitied to this House 
that, by reason of his advanced age & bodily infirmities, he is unable 
any longer to perform the duties of that office & hath accordingly pre- 
sented his resignation thereof to this House — It is therefore 

Resolved: That the Speaker, in the name of the House of Eepre- 
sentatives, make Known to the said ISIeshech Weare, Esqr. that it is 
with regret they find themselves obliged to accept of his resignation on 
account of his Avant of health still to perform the great and important 
duties of the office of Chief Justice of the Supreme Court of Judicature 
for said state, &, at the same time, desire to have expressed the high 
sense which they entertain of the uprightness & integritj^ of his con- 
duct and of his due administration of Justice in his sai'd office, during 
his long continuance therein; And Return him there most sincere & 

united thanks for his past services. 
14 



206 HISTORY OF HAMPTON FALLS. 

The appointment of a committee of correspondence, IMay 38, 

1774, by tlie provincial house of representatives and in direct oppo- 
sition to the wishes of Governor Wentworth, was the first act in 
the legislative history of the Kevolution. The succeeding con- 
gresses, and later the stated sessions of the legislature to the pres- 
ent time, are a connected series of events, and are a continued se- 
quence of the initial action of this committee. The assembly hav- 
ing been dissolved, there was no legal organization existing. Imme- 
diately the committee bridged the chasm. They called together 
the members of the late assembly, and that body issued letters to 
the several towns inviting them to send delegates to the first pro- 
vincial congress, which convened at Exeter in July, 1774. These 
assembled delegates, clothed with the authority of an election by 
the people for a specific j)urpose, appointed John Sullivan and 
Nathaniel Folsom delegates to a general congress of the provinces. 
John Wentworth, of Somersworth, Meshech Weare, and Josiah 
Bartlett were chosen to instruct the delegates. 

The second congress or convention, comprising one hundred and 
forty-four delegates, assembled at Exeter, January 25, 1775. At 
this session, a committee to call a succeeding congress, and a com- 
mittee of correspondence were chosen. Mr. Weare was a member 
of both committees. 

The third congress assembled at Exeter, April 21, 1775. John 
Wentworth of Somersworth, who had been president of the two pre- 
ceding congresses, was again chosen to preside, and during his ab- 
sence ]\Ir. AVeare was chosen temporary chairman. 

The fourth provincial congress assembled at Exeter, May 17, 

1775. The last provincial assembly, it has been stated, convened 
at Portsmouth the fom-th day of the same month. ]Mr. Weare and 
several other recognized patriots were members of both bodies. 
He met with the infant government at Exeter the 2d day of June, 
and with the expiring administration at Portsmouth the twelfth 
and thirteenth days of the same month. The attendance roll of 
the congress from June 10 to July 7 is not found in the state 
archives, but the journals prove his presence at Exeter, July 5, 6, 
and 7, and during these three days, in the absence of President 
Thornton, he was president jwo tempore. The congress having 
adjourned from July 7 to August 22, he was again in the assembly 
at Portsmouth, July 11, 12, 13, 11, 15, and 18, and when the con- 
gress reassembled at Exeter he remained in that body until it was 



\\ r i i-i ! R 



PROCLAMA 



C, B S i- ]\ K L 



2:iviiis 




T TI R O V C, 



r th, 



fucctfljvc fcafoiisj 1:^ '< ' r'.' ;■ ot 
piiarilian c".re of thv i'nr ■ :-.r 
iiKiifpcnfibic <l;:tv ro rctitrt,. 



'our i). iiel^;di!i-, 

.■ v.oulfl grac!<:iiih N!r^-.c ov- i:^v.'to\A .'^-ff ■:.<■'. 
Ill us la.rtpcntan«, and r.ot AiiVc-T i!')-.]\i;ty co \yrr-v 
iiliic coxmcils Wiih wifdcm and UfUiiiiTiitv, ditii 
:.!.s and orders of men, and inlpirc tiicm witti im ;r 
xrcft ; tlijit he voulJ difjvilo mnny to n!c vp'OW * 
ii'i iifpinft the v/orkcr oi" iniquity ; ti-.at he > ■■' ' 
id FidicrVjhkrs tlio kbfnln oi.'ihc laboincr i 
1 J LiittiriUire mj^cr his nMrrmini; hand, Cm 
I]'., and iill the carlii with the Glorj'uf hi^ ; 

A^'^ all fttviic Laboiir is forbiddcf' on ' i 

Ci !V at the Cr-.i;n--il-Cha:nH. ! . 

'■vir (if our Lord, ous- f!iou!;ii.^ 

and indcpcndcnte or' die C 

/■■; his Excellency's cominand. 



GOV, WEARE'S THANKSGIVING PROCLAMATION, 1784. 



BIOGRAPHICAL SKETCHES. 207 

dissolved, November 16, 1775. During the closing days of this 
session he was again temporary chairman. 

Referring to the attitude of Mr. Weare at this point of time, 
Eev. Paine Wingate has written, — 

He was in doubt as to the expediency of some measures tliat were 
adopted; and in the first efl'orts of the American people to resist the 
Britisli claims, he seemed not prepared to g'o all lengths with the spirit 
of the times. However, when a convention of the state was called and 
they were about assuming- the powers of government, President Weare, 
in the second Aveek of their sitting appeared as a member of that body 
and took his seat, as he had occasionally before attended conventions 
for the apjjointing delegates to congress. On account of his former 
distinctions in high offices, as well as his deservedlj^ esteemed personal 
character, his now full accession to the American cause was eagerly 
embraced by the convention and he was immediately placed at the head 
of the New Hampshire state government. 

The student of history will not overlook the fact that Mr. AVin- 
gate wrote with a knowledge obtained from a i^ersonal contact 
with the men and the affairs of this period, and that for thirteen 
or more years immediately preceding 1766 he was a resident, and 
for several years the settled minister, in Hampton Falls. When 
literally construed, these remarks of Mr. Wingate are not in exact 
harmony with the record. In all the early meetings of the patriots 
]Mr. Weare was present. A man is known by the company he keeps. 
If, in the summer of 1775, he attended the last assembly at Ports- 
mouth, his follow associates were AVoodbury Langdon, Josiah Bart- 
lett, Xathaniel Folsom, Ebenezer Thompson, and others of equal 
devotion to the American cause, and when he hastily returned to 
encourage the jDatriots in congress at Exeter they attended him, and 
no evidence of hesitation is recorded of the humblest member. In 
both assemblies their patriotism was equally conspicuous. At 
Portsmouth they thwarted the desires of the royal governor, and 
prevented the passage of oppressive laws. At Exeter they boldly 
upheld the cause of the people, and devised measures for an instant 
prosecution of the war. Mr. W^eare, by birth and education, was a 
loyal subject of Great Britain. It is not presumed that his adher- 
ence to the popular cause, like the conversion of Saul of Tarsus, 
was an instant change of opinions and purposes. AYisdom is the 
fruit of thought, and a deliberation that leads to a just conclusion 
is a growth and not a sudden impulse. Like other patriots, doubt- 
less, he pondered and hesitated, until the accumulating wrongs of 



208 HISTORY OF HAMPTON FALLS, 

his countrymen enlisted his sympathies and satisfied his conscience. 
The measure of patriotism is by comparison. Isone of his asso- 
ciates were earlier or more firmly enlisted in the canse of the Amer- 
ican colonies. 

The provincial congress, May 20, IT To, appointed a committee of 
safety, consisting of Matthew Thornton, Josiah Bartlett, William 
Whipple, Xathaniel Folsom, and Ebenezer Thompson. Three days 
later, Israel Morey, Samnel Webster, Samnel Ashley, and Josiah 
Moulton were added to the committee, and to them were delegated 
^^nusual powers. The committee, however, was not complete with- 
out Meshech Weare, and he was elected July 5. These are familiar 
names in the annals of the Eevolution. They administered the 
affairs of a community without a government until the election 
of a new committee early in the ensuing year. 

The fifth congress assembled at Exeter, December 21, 1TT5. 
From this assembly the sessions of the legislature of New Hamp- 
shire have been continuous and uninterrupted. On the 5th day 
of January the assembled delegates resolved themselves into a house 
of representatives for the ensuing year, and adopted a form of 
government to remain in force during the war. This primitive con- 
stitution provided that a council of twelve members for the ensu- 
ing year should be chosen by the house of representatives, and that 
thereafter a council of twelve members and a house of represent- 
atives should be elected annually by the people, and should convene 
on the third AVednesday of December. To the council and the 
house of representatives, acting in concurrence or in joint assembly, 
were delegated both legislative and executive powers. Under this 
constitution Xew Hampshire was styled a colony until September, 
when the name of state was first employed. Although not provided 
in the constitution, the legislature during the war continued a cus- 
tom, inaugurated by the provincial congress, of choosing a com- 
mittee of safety, to continue in office and to administer the govern- 
ment during the recesses of the legislature. To this committee 
were delegated executive powers, and none but members of the 
council or house of representatives were ever chosen to this office. 
It was an early practice imder this constitution to choose a new com- 
mittee for each recess. A little later the committees were ap- 
pointed to serve until a new committee was chosen, and after March,, 
1780, the term of service was continued through the legislative year. 

Such was the form of government from January 5, 1776, to June 
2, 178-1, of which Meshech AYeare was the most conspicuous charac- 



BIOGRAPHICAL SKETCHES. 209 

ter. In addition to his seryice in the provincial congresses and to 
his previous service on the first committee of safety, of which ]\Iat- 
thew Thornton was chairman, he was continuously a memher of 
the council, and with each election he was made ^Dresident of that 
body. Of the successive committees of safety chosen within this 
period he was a memher, and from the beginning to the end he was 
the chairman of the committee. Within the space of eight and 
one half years he was honored with nine elections to the council 
and nineteen appointments to the committee of safety, and as many 
times was he elected president of the council or chairman of the 
committee; and, as if to assert the full measure of the esteem and 
confidence of his associates, the records often affirm that he was 
elected unanimously. With each election there were changes in 
the membership of the council and of the committee of safety, but 
his colleagues, however constituted, were united and constant in 
his preferment. 

Josiah Bartlett, the only man who served an equal time in the 
council, and other leaders who were accustomed to honors and 
important positions of trust, were unwilling to accept preferment 
at the expense of their esteemed associate and beloved friend; and 
while health suffered him to labor for the people, the most exalted 
seat in the councils of the state was reserved with pious care for 
their respected chief. 

During these years of heroism and of sublime achievement, he 
was at all times foremost among the supporters of the great issues 
submitted to the arbitrament of arms. The record of his official 
career cannot avoid the reiteration of associated events, but it will 
not be com])lete without the statement that he was one of the com- 
mittee of fifteen who drafted the constitution of 1776, and that 
he was a delegate in the convention that submitted a constitution 
which was rejected by the people in 1778. It does not appear that 
he was a member of the convention that framed the constitution 
of 1784. 

His public service is nearly completed. A grateful people re- 
served the highest honor within their power to bestow as the ulti- 
mate expression of their affection and esteem. A new consti- 
tution went into operation in June, 1781, and without opposition 
he became the first governor of New Hampshire. From 1784 until 
1792 the governor was at once the chief executive and president of 
the senate. For eight years the executive of New Hampshire was 



210 HISTORY OF HAMPTON FALLS. 

styled " His Excellency the President." By an amendment of the 
constitution in 1792 this title Avas changed to "His Excellency the 
Governor." Eeferring to the administration of 1784, Dr. Belknap 
saj's, — "President Weare, being worn out Avith public services, re- 
signed his office before the expiration of the year, and after lan- 
guishing under the infirmities of age, died on the loth day of Jan- 
uary, 1786." This erroneous statement has been repeated many 
times. Living among and writing within a very few years of these 
events, it is remarkable that Dr. Belknap overlooked the official 
record and in a single paragraph misstated the date of death. 

With the exception of his resignation as chief justice, the records 
of May, 1784, contain the earliest references to his failing health. 
The journals establish the fact that he attended a special session 
of the legislature, which adjourned April 17, and thereafter con- 
tinued to meet with the committee of safety until May 21, when, for 
the first time, his increasing infirmities confined him to his home. 
At the last session of the committee, beginning ]\Iay 27 and contin- 
uing^ three days, he was not present. 

Under the constitution of 1784 the legislature was convened 
June 2. It was the inauguration of a new government, the found- 
ing of a free and independent state, and the glad fruition of a 
buoyant hope that had sustained them through years of gloom 
and severest trial. The absence of the chief magistrate on this 
occasion was formally entered in the journals. 

After several days of deliberation, the senate on Tuesday of the 
second week of the session chose Woodbury Langdon president 
pro tempore, and during the ensuing week he was the acting gov- 
ernor of the state. Tuesday, June 15, which was the last day of 
the session, Goverrior Weare was present, took the oaths of office, 
and presided in the senate during the day. Through the summer 
and autumn the governor and council held frequent sessions, com- 
pleting a great amount of official work, and making an unusual 
number of appointments incident to the inauguration of a new 
government. An adjourned session of the legislature convened 
in October and continued three weeks. The governor was present, 
presiding in the senate and in the executive council. Xo renewed 
suggestion of his illness appears in the records until another ad- 
journed session of the legislature, which continued from February 9 
to February 25. During these sixteen days Woodbury Langdon was 
again acting governor. The absence of a record of meetings of the 



BIOGRAPHICAL SKETCHES. 211 

eoimcil indicates the continued sickness of Governor AVeare until 
March 16, when it is stated tliat a meeting of the governor and 
conncil was called, and "his excellency being sick did not attend"; 
but two days later the record continiies, "The conncil having re- 
ceived a summons from his excellency, requiring their attendance 
on him at Hampton Falls, repaired to that place." The man was 
worn and feeble, and yet the chief magistrate was hale and strong. 
He promptly discharged all the duties of his office until the close 
of the official year, although on account of his failing health the 
later meetings were held at his home in Hampton Falls. 

His official career is ended. The public has enjoyed the vigor 
of his manhood and the wisdom of his declining years. No strength 
has been reserved for the evening of life. Worn out by incessant 
ajDplication, he was prostrated beyond recoveiy. Calmly awaiting 
the presence of the specter of death, his remaining life is meas- 
ured in months. In December he made a will distributing among 
his children his meager estate, but leaving to his posterity the price- 
less inheritance of a noble name. A few days later his death was 
proclaimed by the solemn voice of tolling bells, and the town clerk 
of that ancient town opens to an unwritten page of the record and 
solemnly transcribes, — 

The HonWe Meshech Weare Esq. and Late President of the State of 
Kew Hampshire, departed this Life, at five o'clock, P. ^L in his 73<i 
year January 14 1786. 

At this time, living and dead, there are forty-three ex-governors 
of New Hampshire. It is a distinguished array of honored names, 
and an imposing assemblage of genius and character. With the ex- 
ception of Mr. Weare, the portraits of all, adding individuality to 
the influence of noble lives, are now hanging in the council cham- 
ber. Of Mr. Weare the past has preserved no portrait. Tradition 
asserts that he was tall, slender, and commanding; that he was 
incisive in speech, and affable in manner; that he was erect, and 
walked rapidly and with a dignity of bearing that is summoned 
only by conscious strength and nobility of mind. 

The records, constituting volumes transcribed in his hand, his 
state papers, and many letters preserved in the state archives, are 
an enduring testimonial to his industry. In them are revealed the 
steadfast purpose of an honest man, and the power of intellectual 
force and vigor. In a patriot possessing such qualities of mind 
and character, the quickened instincts of the people discerned a 



212 HISTORY OF HAMPTON FALLS. 

leader for troublous times. Happy and fortunate in tlieir first 
election, the patriots of the Eevolution suffered no rival to usurp 
the powers which they had freely delegated to their chosen friend 
and faithful servant. 

Meshech Weare, with qualities more solid than brilliant, will be 
enrolled in history among the great men of his time. If he did 
not command the ready language and magnetic poAver that gave 
John Sullivan an instant command over his fellow men; if he was 
never driven forward by a hot and imperious temper that raised 
General Stark to the sublimest heroism; if he had not the courtly 
bearing and commanding presence that made John Langdon a 
conspicuous figure in any assembly, — he did possess an equalized 
force and a measure of intellectual vigor that made him foremost 
in the councils of the state, and a degree of industry, faithfulness, 
and honesty, combined with amiable qualities of mind and dispo- 
sition, that made him first among the people. 

At successive stages of his eventful career his associates addressed 
him as Colonel Weare, as Esquire Weare, as Assemblyman Weare, 
as Councilor Weare, as President Weare, as Judge Weare, and as 
Chief Justice Weare; but no title adds dignity to his honored name. 
As long as the story of the Revolution invites the study and excites 
the admiration of a grateful people, as long as "Sons of the Amer- 
ican Eevolution," and kindred societies, continue to honor the 
memory of patriotic fathers, this honored leader in the councils 
of the state can receive no grander title than Meshech Weare. 

ifU^/n^^ — - 

EDWAED GOVE. 

We are unal)le to tell where he originated. There were Goves 
in Piseataqua in 1G31, and there was a family of Goves in Charles- 
town. It is presumed that he was from one of these, more likely 
the former. He was in Hampton as early as 1665. In 1670 he 
had a grant of eighty acres (No. 35). He was one of the select- 
men in 1681 and 1688, and was a member of the assembly in 1683. 
Governor Cranfield dissolved this assembly January 20, 1683. 
Edward Randolph gives the following account of Gove's proceedings: 



BIOGRAPHICAL SKETCHES. 213 

In a short time after Edward Gove who served for the town of 
Hampton, A leading man, and a great stickler in the late proceedings 
of the Assembly, Made it his business to stir up the j)eople into re- 
bellion by giving out that the governor, as vice admiral, acted by his 
Eoyal Highness commission, who was a pajjist and would bring 
popery in amongst them. That the governor was a pretended gov- 
ernor and his commission was signed in Scotland — He Endeavored 
with a great deal of pains to make a party, and solicite'H many of 
the considerable persons in Each town to join with him. To recover 
their liberties infringed by his majesties placing a governor over them, 
further adding that his Sword was drawn, and he would not lay it 
down till he should know who should hold the government. This he 
discoiirsed at Portsmouth to Mr. Marten treasurer. And soon after 
to Capt. Hall at Dover, which they discoursed to the governor, who 
immediately disj)atched messengers with warrants to the constable 
at Hampton & Exeter to apprehend Gove, and fearing that he might 
get a party too strong for the Civil power (as indeed it proved for 
justice Weare and a ISIarshall were repulsed) The Governor (although 
much dissuaded) Forthwith ordered the Militia of the whole province 
to be in arms, and understanding by the Marshall that Gove could 
not be apprehended at Hamilton by himself and a Constable, — But 
was gone to his party at Exeter from whence he suddenlj^ returned 
with 12 men belonging to that town, Mounted and armed with swords, 
pistols and guns, A trumpet sounding. And Gove with his Sword 
drawn riding in Hampton at the head of them. Taking horse and a 
part of the troops it was intended to take Gove and his company — But 
the governor was prevented by a messenger from Hampton who 
l)rought word that he was met and taken by the Militia of that town, 
and secured with a guard. — The trumjieter forcing his way escaped 
after whom a hue and cry was sent to all parts — But as yet he is not 
taken. — 'inis rising was unexpected to the party ma'de up on the 21st 
day of Januarjr last. It is generality believed many considerable 
persons at whose houses Gove then Either sent or Called to Come out 
and stand up for their liberties, would have joined with him, had he 
not discoA'ered his designs or appeared in arms at that time. For 
upon the 30tii day of January, being appointed by the governor as a 
day of public humiliation. They designed to cut off the governor, 
Mr. Mason, and some others whom they affected not The Governor 
Sent a strong party of horse to guard the prisoners then in irons 
from Hampton to Portsmouth. They were brought befoi-e the gov- 
ernor and Council, where Gove behaved himself very insolently. They 
were all committed to custody and Capt. Barefoot having the trained 
band of Great Island there in arms was ordered to take care of the 
prisoners and keep a strict watch upon them, because the prison was 
out of repair. All this while the governor was at great Charge and 
expense in suppressing this rebellion. And in keeping up guards to 
secure the peace of the province. We judged it necessary to bring 



214 HISTORY OF HAMPTOxNT FALLS. 

them to a speedy trial and to that End directed a coinmission of 
oyer and terminer to Eichard Waldron, Thomas Daniel & William 
Vaughan Esq for their trial to be had upon the first day of Februray 
next at which time Gove and the other prisoners were brought to 
the Court then holden at Portsmouth in the said province The grand 
jury found the bill the next day, they were all arraigned and indicted 
for levying war against his majesty. Gove pleaded to the indict- 
ment not guilty. — Then Mr. Martyn treasurer of the province and 
Cai:)t. Hull both of Portsmouth, with two justices of the peace and a 
lieutenant of the foot company at Hampton, who was at the taking 
of them were all sworn in Court. — Then Gove owned the matter of 
fact, and to justify his taking' up of arms pleaded against the 
governor's power, — That he was only a pretended governor, by reason 
of his commisson as he said having been sealed in Scotland, Like- 
wise that the governor had by his proclamation appointed the 30^^ 
day of January to be annually observed and kept a day of humiliation, 
and obliged the ministers to preach that day, — That the governor 
had at his house discoursed to Gove and showed him, out of the IQtb 
chapter of St ]\Iark the necessity of children's baptism. This he 
urged to be a great duty imposed ujjon the ministry. The other pris- 
oners pleaded not guilty, but had little to say in defense of them- 
selves. Further they were drawn in bj^ Gove. The jury after long 
consideration found Gove guilty of high treason upon the indictment, 
and all the rest in arms, upon which the Court proceeded to give 
judgment and passed the sentence of condemnation upon Gove, But 
in regard to the other prisoners were specially found. The governor 
ordered the Court to respite their judgment till his majesties pleasure 
should be known therein, Most of them being young men and alto- 
gether unacquainted with the laws of England. 

Gove received the sentence of death in its usual hideous form and 
his estate was seized and forfeited to the crown. 

The others were convicted of being accomplices and respited. The 
king's pleasure being signified to the g'overnor, that he should pardon 
such as he judged objects of mercy, They were all set at liberty 
except Gove, who was sent to England, and imprisoned in the tower 
of London, about three years. On his repeated petitions to the king 
and by the interest of Kandolph with the Earl of Clarendon, then 
lord Chamberlain, he obtained his pardon, and he returned home in 
1686, with an order to the then president and council of New England 
to restore his estate. 

He wrote the following letter while in prison: 

From the great island in Portsmouth in New Hampshire, To the 
Much honored Justices of the Peace, as j^ou call yourselves. 

By your indictment in wdiich eleven men's names subscribed namely 
Ed. Gove, John Gove, Is. Wadley, Eobt. Wadley, John Wadley, Ed. 
Smith, Will. Elj', Th" Eawlings, John Sleeper INIark Baker, John 
Young. — Gentlemen excuse me I cannot petition you as persons in 



BIOGRAPHICAL SKETCHES. 215 

authority by the names of justices of the i^eace, for now I am upon 
a serious account for my life and the life of those that are with 
me. Therfore pray consider well and take good advice of persons 
in government from whence you came. I pray God who made the 
heavens, the Earth, the Seas, and all that in them is, to give you 
wisdom and courage in your places to discharge such duty as God 
requires of you, and 2'iiy, I heartily pray God to direct you to do that 
which our gracious King Charles the 2d of blessed memory reciuires 
of you. — ^Gentlemen it may be I may be upon a mistake, but accord- 
ing to what I know and believe, I am falsely indicted, and I am abused 
notwithstanding by another indictment, by being in irons by CajDt. 
Barefoot's orders, which irons are called bilboes Exceedingly large. 
Pray consider we are men like yourself, made of the same earth, and 
I know who made the difference. And I verily believe that the holy, 
righteous, just God will have an account of you for your justice in 
the matter. Pray consider when this last charge was, I writ to 
one man in the province I told him we were once a happy people, 
if all was right in the bottom I believed it, but now I see otherwise. 
Who knows what shall be on the morrow, though it be appointed a 
solemn day of fasting — I know when it was appointed there was not 
the election of cries and tears, that will ajipear when the day conies. 
If New England ever had need of a Solomon, or David, or ]Moses, 
Caleb or Joshua, it is now. ^My tears are in my eyes I can hardly 
see, — Yet will I say I do believe how it will come. You and they 
with siths and groans must outdo the ministry — The ministry must 
endeavor to outdo you. But if you and they do anything in hipocracy 
God will find you out, and deliverance will come some other way. — ■ 
We have a hard prison. — a good keeper, a hard captain, irons an inch 
over five foot and several inches long, two men locked together — ■ 
Yet had, I thank God for it, a very good night's lodging, better than I 
had fourteen or fifteen nights before. — I pray God to direct you and 
let me hear from you, by a messenger that your honors shall employ, 
and consider I am your honor's humble servant, in all duty to be 
commanded— EDWAED GOYE. 

I know those that will have a blessing from God mtist endeavor to 
stand in the way of a blessing. This doctrine I heard 32 years ago.^ 

EDWAED GOVE. 

Excuse anj'thing writ amiss for the Lord's sake. I would you were 
all as I am, and as fit to receive reward for innocency. I humbly 
beg your prayers to god in our behalf. — 

EDWAED GOVE. 

If anything be amiss in what is written let the subscriber bear the 
blame for the rest are surprised with fear 

EDWAED GOVE. 

I humbly and heartily desire some of your honors would speak to 
Minister Moody to pray to God in our behalf, of all his poor prisoners 



216 HISTORY OF HAMPTON FALLS. 

the world over, and especially for us, the fore named, the men of this 
province who lie under heavy burdens — 

EDWAKD GOVE. 

This letter was dated January 29, 1683. 

Gove, in liis petition to the king, pleaded "a distemper of mind" 
as the cause of those actions for which he was prosecuted. He also 
-speaks in some of his private letters of a drinking match at his 
house, and that he had not slept for twelve days and nights about 
that time. "When these things are considered, it is not hard to 
account for his conduct. From a letter which he wrote the court 
while in prison, one would suppose him to have been disordered 
in his mind. (This is the preceding letter.) His punishment was 
by much too severe, and his trial was hurried on too fast, it being 
only six days after the commission of his crime. Had he been 
indicted only for a riot, there would have been no difficulty in the 
proof nor hardship in inflicting the legal penalty. Waldron, it is 
said, shed tears upon pronouncing the sentence of death upon him. 
There is some doubt whether this account of a drinking match 
is true. 

The assembly of which Gove was a member was dissolved on 
the 20th of January, according to Dr. Belknap and according to 
Eandolph's letter. The rising was on the 21st and he was appre- 
hended soon after. He was in irons in Portsmouth on the 29th, 
and had his trial on the 1st day of February, being only six days 
after the commission of the crime. Xow he could not have been 
present at the session of the assembly, have had the drinking 
match at his house, and been one of the company for the twelve 
days preceding his apprehension. 

The pardon of Gove by Lord Sunderland, Avith the royal seal 
attached, is now in the possession of his descendants living in Sea- 
brook. After his return to this country he brought an action 
against Governor Cranfield in 1686, for £200, it being for his estate 
sequestered. We have seen no record of the result. 

He did not lose the good opinion of his townsmen in consequence 
of his treason, but on the contrary he was chosen a commissioner 
with five others to meet those from the other towns to agree upon 
a form of government, January 20, 168r. This was the highest 
trust which they could bestow upon him. He was in 1680, with 
Joseph Dow, chosen to prepare and draw up the state of the case 
to assert the town's right to their land, and present the same to the 
council at this next meeting, March 21, 1680. The time of liis 



BIOGRAPHICAL SKETCHES. ' 217' 

death is uncertain. His wife was named Hannali Titcorab. She 
was living in 1711. 

His descendants are very numerons in Hampton Falls, Seabrook, 
and Kensington. When he returned from England, after his im- 
prisonment, he is said to have brought some pear trees, which he 
]ilanted upon his farm, some of which were in existence within the 
memory of persons now living. 

An p]nglish fowling piece, which was owned by Edward Gove, is 
now in the possession of Miss S. Abbie Gove of this town, and is 
in a good state of preservation. 

The pardon of Edward Gove was framed, and can now be seen 
in the library building at Seabrook. 



C^W<^ ^ou^ 



COL. JOXATHAN BTJEXEIAM. 

Among the many eccentric men of early times who are still re- 
membered as having lived in this vicinity, there comes upon the 
panorama the commanding figure of Col. Jonathan Burnham. He 
was a patriot of the Eevolution, and as he rode into the village 
(Salisbury) on horseback, his long, flowing white hair streaming 
behind, the boys looked upon him with veneration and respect, for 
even in his old age it was said that Colonel Burnham made a 
splendid appearance in his continental costume. His last appear- 
ance on the stage of action was at a celebration of the nation's 
anniversary of the elders, on Powwow hill. The colonel on this 
occasion appeared in full uniform and rode to the top of the hill, 
and the hero of many battles and sieges was greeted with a royal 
salute. Among his comrades Avere "Uncle Dudley MaxfiekV and 
Captain Nowell. A toast in his honor was given. The reply was 
characteristic of the man, "Our country must live and fill her 
destiny. Our distinguished soldier and friend, George Washing- 
ton, said so, and I, Colonel Burnham, with the blue heavens above, 
and the broad ocean before me, call upon all true sons of America, 
upon this broad sword which did service at Bunker Hill, to swear 
it shall be so." This rousing sentiment, uttered by the colonel 
as he sat upright upon his horse swinging his sword about him, 
as if he would repel the enemy, was greeted with loud applause 
and a national salute. While the punch was stirred the hearts of" 



218 HISTORY OF HAMPTON FALLS. 

the patriots were stirred as well. Many are the anecdotes related 
of our hero, bnt it is evident that while a little yain-glorious he 
was a good soldier, possessed of true courage and much natural 
ability. His life is best told in his own words, as published in 1814 
in a pamphlet entitled, "The life of Col. Jonathan Burnham, now 
living in Salisbury, Mass., being a narration of a long and useful 
life, containing a recital of interesting incidents relative to the 
Eevolutionary services and private life of this distinguished soldier 
and friend of the departed and beloved George Washington." In 
the pamphlet bearing this remarkable title he commences as follows: 

I Jonathan Burnham the fourth was born at Chebago June the 9^^ 
173S, Where I saw many remarkable things. I went first with my 
parents to hear tlie Rev. Mr. Pickering preach, and as I got to the 
meeting house the minister and people ran out for fear the house 
would fall on them, for the earth did shake. After some time the 
minister says to the j)eople, We will go in for we are as safe there 
as anywhere, and the whole of them went in, and was very attentive 
to hear him preach and pray, and were greatly alarmed and was con- 
cerned what they should do to be saved, and went from house to 
house to pray with one another, and the Lord sent two brothers 
John and Ebeneazer Cleavland, and the people built a house and set- 
tled Ebeneazer Cleavland, whose labors were greatly blessed for in 
one year ninety jaersons were taken into the Church, and many more 
wonderful things hapjiened. — When I was fifteen years old I went 
to live at Ipswich with Samuel Eoss to leai-n a blacksmith's trade 
and was bound to him, — A good old man who built his house upon a 
rock, and brought his familj" up in the nurture and admonition of 
the Lord, — Where I lived until I was nineteen years of age, and then 
I bought my time and enlisted in the service of King George the Sec- 
ond, and flung mj^ pack and marched to Fort Edward where I slept 
sweetly, and the next day I fiung my pack and followed mj' Colonel 
7 miles to half way brook Fort, half way to Lake George where my 
Colonel was ordered to halt and keep that, Fort and guard the teams 
to Lake George, that sold provisions to General Abacrombie's army. 
Early one morning the Indians gave us battle and killed 26 of our 
brave men and scalped them, and ran into the woods to Canada, and 
sold their scalps for a guinea a scalp, to the French, Avho were 
worse than the Indians themselves as it was said. Then Gen. Aba- 
crombie ordered my Colonel to lead on his men to Lake George and 
he crossed the Lake of a Thursday, and landed. On Friday, Marched 
his army to take Ticondoroga Fort, where he was beat and did re- 
ti'eat back to his old encampment, with his weed on his hat dragging 
to the ground, with the loss of more than nineteen hundred men. 
Where I tarried iintil my time was out 1759, And then I enlisted again 
with the brave General Wolfe, who went and did take Canada. En- 



BIOGRAPHICAL SKETCHES, 219 

listed again in the 3 ear '60 to finish the war which gave me much 
pleasure, and I was honorably discharged at Louisburg, and shipped 
with Capt. John Porter of Ipswich for home. On Friday lost our 
sails in a gale of wind, and on Sunday was close to the Isle of Sables, 
where we dropped anchor and rode until our windlass bits gave way, 
and cut our cable, and ashore we went, on the otii of December, 'GO. 
By God's goodness all were saved, and at night all found sleep in a 
sand hole. For food I shot a wild boar and sent a part to Capt. 
Furlong's men of Newbury, who was cast ashore three weeks before 
we were. The Lord and King Hooper sent good old Archelaus Sil- 
man, to come to the Isle of Sables after us, and the Lord rewarded 
him for his good works, for he took seventy men and women, but 
while we waited on the island for the good old Silman, I shouldered my 
gun and went 14 miles toward the northwest bar. Up jumped a sow 
and I shot her through the heart, and had the liver and lights for 
supper and it was sweet as honey, and then I killed a bull 18 miles 
from our house, and carried it home which was January 6t"" And 
then I shouldered my gun and shot 8 balls into a great bull who tried 
to kill me. I had it tough, and fought and was near beat out but 
conquered. My messmates hauled the critter home on a handsled, 
and three days after, Jan. 18, came the good old Silman and took us all 
off the Isle of Sables and carried us to Halifax and left Furlong- and 
his 60 men and women. And then good old Archelaus Silman brought 
Capt. Porter and his crew, ten in number, into Marblehead, Where 
we rejoiced and were glad, and gave the good old man one hundred 
silver dollars, and as many thanks. When we arrived home at Ips- 
wich we had gladness and joy for God's preserving care. 

My good old master who built his house upon a rock, Says to me 
Jonathan. We read that a faithful Servant shall be a dutiful son at 
length, and gave me his eldest daughter to wife, who was a beauty 
and loved me as her eyes. Where we lived until July '63 And then we 
moved to Hampton falls in New Hampshire on a place I bought, where 
we lived and did prosper for nearly 40 years. As I had been in the 
British Service three years to learn the art of war, The town of 
Hampton falls chose me to be their Captain and I received my com- 
mission. Signed by Gov. Wentworth and sealed with King George's 
Seal. — All things went well until King George sent that foolish Gage 
to Boston, Who had neither weight or measure, to our towns, to kill 
our men at Lexington. Gov. Wentworth joined the British, And I 
was angry, and raised a Liberty jjole on the hill, as high as Haman's 
gallows was to hang Mordacai on. Which was my alarm post. In 
the morning the news came to me that the British had marched to 
Lexington and killed our men, and I ordered my drums to beat and 
gave my company something to drink, and marched on to Ipswich 
that night, twenty miles in half a day, And in the morning we mus- 
tered about two hundred men, who chose me Captain. — The town 
was alarmed because two Men of war tenders were in the river full 
of men, and would land and take twenty soldiers out of a Goal that 



220 IIISTOKY OF HAMPTON FALLS. 

was taken prisoners at Lexington battle and would burn the town. 
So we stayed that day and night. The night was rain}^ and the 
British landed at Marshfield to steal cattle and left the woods on 
tire. The Newbury people heard that Ipswich "was burned and that 
I and my men were all killed, and that the British were coming to 
burn Newbiiry. The people were alarmed and got boats to go over 
the river into the woods. The news went to Exeter, and Concord^ 
That I and my men were all killed. 

In a few^ days I had a Colonel's commission to raise one quarter 
j)art of Portsmouth, Dover, Hampton, and Exeter Militia as minute 
men. Gen. Sullivan ordered me to march off to Portsmouth with a 
thousand men to fortify and defend it from being burned as the 
British had burned Falmouth. 

In twenty four hours I was at Fort Washington with one thousand 
men to give the British battle. We stayed there three months. A 
fifty gun shijj came to anchor one night but she went off. In a few 
days the committee of safety that set at Portsmouth, in recess of 
Congress, sent for me to bear two letters, rec'd from Gen. Washing- 
ton and Gen. Sullivan. The contents that they expected the British 
would give them battle, and for the committee to send me to Mistie 
with thirty one companies of Xew Hampshire Militia. We niarched 
that day and three days after were in Mistie with foiir companies 
from the fort, and twenty seven companies to follow on. The com- 
mittee delivered me two letters to carry to the two Generals at Winter 
hill and Cambridge. I mounted my horse and rode to headquarters 
and delivered my letters. Washington smiles and says "New Hamp- 
shire forever" and orders Sullivan to mount his horse and ride with 
Col. Burnham to Mistie and open all your stores to New Hampshire 
Militia without weight or measure. And go to the good men in !Mistie 
who will be glad of Col. Burnham's men, for they are afraid that the 
British who burned Charlestown will come and bum Mistie And Says 
to Col. Burnham "do your best for the honor of Newhampshire and 
kill the British if they dare come." But they were affraid of my 
Brigade — Toward the last of January '76 I received orders from Gen. 
Washington that he would meet Newhampshire Militia tomorrow at 
Winter hill to review them. I mounted my horse at 9 o'clock, Fonned 
my Brigade and marched to Winter hill with my band of music. 
Fifty fifes and drums that the British might hear and see we were 
come to Winter hill to try our skill. Which gave the British a fright 
to quit Bunker hill in the night, and the British army and fleet made 
a quick retreat. And the Boston people were glad to see it.— W^e re- 
mained till honorably dismissed by our Hon. Gen. Washington and 
received his thanks for our services and love, being ready at his call 
from Newhampshire, and his blessings that we might return home to 
our families and friends in Safety. 

We rested awhile at our homes, and then a part of us went to help 
take Burgoine, Cornwallis, and their armies and then we had our in- 
dependence from Great Britain, And peace and plenty, and the love 



BIOGRAPHICAL SKETCHES. 221 

of the whole world, But God must have all the glory, — and our min- 
isters were worthy like Jacob, who wrestled till break of day That 
God would bless Washington and America and the world of man- 
kind. Amen and Amen. And now I am an old man, This day more 
than Seventy years old, and but just alive, and what I have wrote I 
have seen and know to be true. 

JONATHAN BUENH.\JVI. 
Salisbury Nov. 27th 1814. 

Chebago, where Col. Burnham was born, was a parish in the f own 
of Ipswich, Mass., now the to^vn of Essex. He was first rated here 
in 1763, when he bought the Swett tavern, which he continued to 
keep until sometime during the Eevolutionary War, when he 
sold it to Capt. Joseph Wells. The liberty pole he speaks of rais- 
ing upon the hill was probably near the Swett tavern. He after- 
wards owned and kept a tavern on the site now occupied by George 
C. Healey's cottage, on the cross road (which was the house formerly 
occupied by Deacon Benjamin Sanborn). His name does not 
appear upon our record after 1797, when he had probably sold out 
and removed to Salisbury, Mass., where he died about 1815. Wliile 
living here he Avas very prominent in military matters, and figures 
somewhat in the new meeting-house controversy, but does not 
appear to have had much to do with the town business. He was 
moderator in 1776, and again in 1793, which is all the elective 
office he appears to have held. Colonel Burnham had no children. 
A niece, Lucy Burnham, married Michael Tilton, December 30, 
1777. She was the mother of Mrs. Eeuben Batchelder and Mrs. 
Josiah Prescott. It is fortunate that we are able to present sO' 
full a sketch of one of our citizens, the memory of whom is unknown 
to many living at the present time, who will be pleased to learn of 
one who figured so conspicuously and well in the Eevolutionary 
War. 

CAPT. BENJAMIF SWETT. 

Capt. Benjamin Swett was the son of John Swett, one of the 
grantees of Newbury, and settled in Hampton before 1664. In 
1665 and 1668 he was chosen a commissioner for the county rate. 
In 1665, 1669, and 1675 he was a selectman. In 1670 he had a 
grant (No. 56) of one hundred acres. 

He was a celebrated Indian warrior. In 1675, one Goodman 
Eobinson of Exeter, with his son, was traveling towards Hampton 
when, as they passed along, they were waylaid by three Indians^ 

15 



"222 HISTORY OF HAMPTON FALLS. 

Tiz., John Sampson, Cromwell, and John Lynde, who shot the old 
man and left him dead upon the plain. His son, hearing the gims, 
escaped their hands by running into the swamp, whither the 
Indians pursued him, but could not overtake him. So he got safe 
into Hampton about midnight, when he related what had happened 
to him by the way, how narrowly he avoided the danger; intimating, 
likewise, that he feared his father was killed, which was found 
too true by Lieutenant Swett, who the next day, with twelve sol- 
diers of the town, went to search the woods, where they found the 
old man shot through the back. The bullet passed through his 
body and was stopped by the skin on the other side. 

October 12, 1676, he had the command of the Hampton soldiers 
then stationed in ihe garrison at Black Point. April 29, 1677, he 
commanded the garrison at "Wells. An Indian showed himself 
near Wells on purpose, as was judged, to draw out the English into 
a snare. Lieutenant Swett, who commanded the garrison at that 
time left for securing the town, sent out eleven of the soldiers under 
his command to lie in wait in some convenient place, but as they 
passed along they fell into an ambush of the Indians, who shot 
down two of them and mortally wounded a third. The lieutenant, 
hearing the guns, sent with all speed upon the enemy, and shot 
down five or six of them, but was prevented from doing any con- 
siderable spoil upon them by the folly of an Irishman who was in 
his company, who gave the notice of the lieutenant's approach by 
calling out aloud, "Here they be, here they be," for upon that 
alarm they ran away out of sight and too fast to be pursued. 

For the defense of Black Point and the security of "Winter harbor, 
the General Court ordered a company of forty men to be recruited, 
two hundred Christian Indians taken into service, and all such 
able-bodied men enlisted or impressed as could be found who had 
migrated from the province of Maine. The command of the forces, 
including the Indians, was given to Captain Swett and Lieutenant 
Eichardson. Tliey arrived at Black Point on the 28th of June in 
high spirits. It is a rule of policy in fighting the Indians to gain 
time. Aware of this maxim, and informed of the fact that the 
savages had been seen hovering aroimd the place, Swett at the head 
of one division and Eichardson the other, joined by some of the 
inhabitants, led out the whole force the next morning upon the 
declivities of a neighboring hill. A large decoy, supposed to be 
the main body of the Indians, feigned a retreat, and were pursued 
by Swett and Eichardson till they found themselves between a 



BIOGRAPHICAL SKETCHES. 223 

thicket and a swamp in a most exposed situation. Instantly, from 
an ambush on each side, great numbers rose with a warwhoop, 
fired at once upon the two divisions, in which there were many 
young men or inexperienced soldiers, and the whole were thrown 
into confusion. But though the ranks were broken the engagement 
was sharp and protracted. Bichardson was presently slain and 
many on both sides soon shared the same fate. Swett fought the 
enemy hand to hand, displaying upon the spot and in a retreat of 
two miles great presence of mind as well as personal courage in 
repeated rallies of his men in his exertions to bring off the dead and 
wounded and in defense of his rear, upon which the savages hung 
with destructive fury. At last, wounded in twenty places and ex- 
hausted by loss of blood and by fatigue, he was grappled, thrown 
to the ground, and barbarously cut in pieces at the gates of the 
garrison. With this brave officer fell sixty of his men, forty Eng- 
lish and twenty Indians, being two thirds of the whole number 
in the engagement. Seldom is the merit of a military officer more 
genuine. Seldom is the death of one more deeply lamented. 

His wife was Hester, daughter of Nathaniel Weare, Senior, of 
Wewbury, and a sister of Nathaniel Weare, Esq., who was sent com- 
missioner to England. She married, second, Stephen Grreenlief of 
ISTewbury. Capt. Benjamin Swett lived in Hampton Falls on the 
premises afterward known as the Swett tavern. He was the an- 
cestor of all by the name of Swett who lived in this town. The 
name disappears from the records sometime previous to 1787. 
Black Point, where Captain Swett was killed, is in the town of 
Scarborough, Maine. 

Benjamin Swett's children: 

BeinTJAMIK, married Theodate Hussey, 1682. 
EsTHEE, married Abraham Green, September 5, 1668. 
Joseph, born 1658; wife, Hannah. 
Moses, bom 1661; wife, Mary. 

The above four were born in JSTewbuxy. 

Sarah, married Morris Hobbs, April 13, 1678. 

Hannah, born March 16, 166-1. 

Elizebeth, born May 2, 1667. 

John, born February 17, 1670; married Bertha Page December 3, 

1696. 
Stephen. 

His inventory amounted to £558 19s. 



224 HISTORY OF HAMPTON FALLS. 

Joseph Swett, son of Capt. Benjamin Swett, was born in INTew- 
bury in 1658. He Avas one of the signers of Weare's petition, was 
one of the selectmen in 1693 and 1698, and representative in 1693. 
Captain Swett was a very active man, and took a warm interest in 
organizing the parish of Hampton Falls. He died about 1721. 
His will was dated September 29, 1720; proved July 7, 1722. His 
inventor}' amounted to £1167 8s. 

His wife, Hannah. His children: 

Haxxah, born September 13, 1682; married John Eust May 12, 

1703. 
Joseph, "wife, Hannah. 
Maet, married Eichard ^\'aterhouse, December 3, 1701. 

Maegaeet, born July 21, 1690; married Sherburne. 

Abigail, born March 29, 1692. 

His first wife, Hannah, died August 14, 1701. His second wife, 
Sarah. Her children were, — 

Lydia, bom March 22, 1704. 
•Haxxah, bom May 23, 1708. 
Bexjamix, bom May 2, 1710. 
ISTathax', born Xovember 17, 1712. 
Moses, bom December 12, 1716. 
Esthee, married Eaton. 

Bex'Jamix' Swett, son of Joseph, was bom May 5, 1710; mar- 
ried, July 20, 1732, Elizabeth Jenness, daughter of Bonus Xorton. 
He kept what was known as Swett's tavern. He was called Cap- 
tain Swett. He was rated for the last time in 1761, and probably 
died about that time. 

His children: 

Saeah, born in 1736; married, first. Dr. Levi Dearborn, son of 
Joseph; second, Hon. Philip "White of South Hampton. 

Moses, born in 1738; married Eogers.' 

Ltdia, born in 1740. 

Elizabeth, born in 1742; married Deacon David Batchelder. 

The Swett family were prominent in the early times, were large 
property holders. They owned the premises now occupied by Miss 
Sarah A. Gove, by Edwin Janvrin (who is a lineal descendant), 
the Baptist parsonage, and probalDly other landed property. Jon- 



BIOGRAPHICAL SKETCHES. 225 

athan Swett was selectman in 1748, 1751, 1755, and 1763. Ben- 
jamin Swett, Jr., was selectman in 1749, 1753, and 1756. 

NATHANIEL HEALEY. 

Nathaniel Healey was the son of William Healey, who came here 
from Cambridge, Mass. He was born February 8, 1687. He was 
a man of activity and enterprise, and appears by the records to 
have been a dealer in lands as early as 1716. He was captain of 
the military company and was usually called by that title. He was 
in town office nearly twenty years, being selectman of Hampton 
Falls in 1736, 1730, 1743, 1743, 1746, and 1749; assessor in 1737, 
1738, 1745, and 1751; auditor, moderator, etc. He was a leader 
in the controversy relative to the new meeting-house at the 
Centre, against Col. Meshech Weare and Eev. Paine AVingate, his 
name being first upon the petition. He continued to live on the 
homestead of his father in Hampton Falls, and left it to his grand- 
son Levi, son of his deceased son Stephen, by will. His will was 
dated March 31, 1774. His death occurred soon after. He must 
have been eighty-seven years old at the time of his death. He 
was twice married: First, to Hannah, daughter of Daniel Tilton, 
December 13, 1718; second, March 6, 1733, to Susanna, daughter 
of Col. Peter Weare. He lived upon the place now occupied by 
William A. Cram. He was the ancestor of the Healey families in 
this town and Kensington. Major Levi Healey died May 19, 1813. 

HENEY GEEEN. 

Henry Green came to Hampton before 1645, when he had two 
of the 147 shares. He and his wife had seats assigned them in 
the church in 1650. In 1653 his tax was 18s. 7d. He was living 
then on the south side of Taylors river. February 3, 1657, he and 
three others were chosen to settle the Salisbury line. On October 
30, 1660, he was chosen a fence viewer; in 1663 and 1680, a select- 
man. In 1665 he dissented against the choice of a committee to 
assert the town's rights before the royal commissioners in opposition 
to the claim of Mason. He probably took an active part against 
the town in the Mason disputes, as his name is not appended to 
Weare's petition to the king, which embraced the names of 
those who were opposed to Mason's claim in 1683. In 1668 
he complains of William Fifield's bounds, etc. March 39, 1669, 



226 HISTORY OF HAMPTON FALLS. 

he is chosen to run the south line. April 12, 1669, the toAvn 
vote that the suit of theirs against Henn^ Green "is not gott ripe 
enough for trial." (Perhaps the suit might want a little rain.) 
March 3, 1670, he received a grant of one hundred acres (lot l^o. 
27). December 9, 1670, he dissents to the town limiting the num- 
ber of staves to be made from each share of cow common to not 
exceed five hundred. It does not appear that Green was ever a 
representative from Hampton, although he was one of the most 
prominent men for many years. He was one of the assistant judges 
who tried the celebrated Mr. Moody. At first he and Judge Kobie 
were for acquitting him, but that night some one threatened and 
hectored him at such a rate that the next morning the court decided 
Moody to be guilty, and they sentenced him to six months' impris- 
onment, without bail or mainprise. This decision of the court 
caused much odium to be thrown upon the Judges, which Green 
could not endure. He was miich afflicted at the course he had 
taken and repented and made acknowledgment to Mr. Moody, who 
frankly forgave him. The other judges were Barefoote, Cofiin, 
and Eobie. 

The imprisonment of a clerg}'man for a conscientious refusal to 
obey the governor's orders, however agreeable these orders may 
ha^-e been with the laws which they were sworn to obey, created 
much excitement and called into operation that gift of prophecy, 
which proceeds more often from a malevolent disposition than from 
any other cause. It is a course which many people take to express 
their wishes who have not the courage openly to express them, or 
who conceal them through feelings of shame in wishing evil to 
happen to their fellow creatures. The base passions of those who 
took part in the opposition to Mason's claim and to Cranfield's 
administration were to be gratified by the awful calamities which 
were hereafter to befall those four judges in consequence of their 
condemnation of the Eev. Mr. Moody. Their sins committed prior 
to this decision, as well as their subsequent misdeeds, were over- 
looked in ascertaining the cause of any accident or misfortune which 
befell them. They might have hung witches till doomsday, or 
have imprisoned Quakers till they rotted in their prisons, and still 
remain unscathed from any awful visitations of Providence hap- 
pening to them in consequence, and their memories might have 
been handed down to future generations as being among the most 
holy in the land, but the fact of their obeying the mandates of the 
governor, which they may have done conscientiously, did not accord 



BIOGRAPHICAL SKETCHES. 227 

with the temper and feelings of a majority of the people of that day, 
more especially when a popular minister was the sufferer. 

The tradition is that these prophecies were literally fulfilled with 
the exception of Green's fate, who seemed to he wanting in that 
degree of firmness so necessary in a Judge in times of so great 
excitement, although he was in the main honest. Eobie was excom- 
municated and died a drunkard. His friends were obliged to bury 
him privately, in the night, without any funeral, for fear that his 
body might be attached by his creditors. His previous habits have 
not been handed down. The only inference which can justly be 
drawn is that his drunkenness was caused by his remorse of con- 
science which the trial of Mr. Moody occasioned him. 

"Barefoote fell into a languishing distemper wherof he died." 
Wliether this was consumption or what the complaint might be is 
not known. People should be careful not to suffer from any dis- 
order not immediate in its results, lest it may be attributed as a 
punishment incun-ed for an error in judgment or for prudently 
submitting to the powers that be. Neither party could with justice 
accuse the other of religious intolerance, for these were truly days 
when "Might made right." 

The spirit of fanaticism is more plainly made visible in the 
record of Coffin's death. "Coffin was taken by the Indians [at 
Cocheco, 1689], his house and mill burned, himself not being slaim 
but dismissed. The Lord gave him repentance though no signs of 
it have appeared." Holding this accident up to view as having 
occurred to Coffin as a punishment for the sentence passed upon 
Moody is ridiculous, aside from its being a severe reflection upon 
all who suffered from the incursions of the Indians. Construed in 
the sense which is meant to be conveyed by the record of it, only 
one conclusion can be drawn from the premises, and that is that 
the Indians acted from no self-will but were merely instruments 
in the hands of a superior being for the punishment of the sins 
of our forefathers, and the greatest sufferers were the greatest sin- 
ners, notwithstanding their exposure to these incursions and their 
power to repel the attacks when made. This was a severe reproach 
upon the people of Dover who, on account of their being iipon the 
frontier, were called upon to mourn over the ravages of their Indian 
enemies. The fact of Parson Moody placing these circumstances 
on his church record evinces a desire to render these judges infa- 
mous, and not being content with letting others tell the story of 



228 HISTORY OF HAMPTON FALLS. 

his AVTongs, he shows a disposition to caution succeeding generations 
of the fate which will inevitably attend those who inflict the sentence 
of the strong arm of the law upon clergymen, whether iipon a true 
or false construction. 

January 20, 1689, Green and five others were chosen commission- 
ers to meet with others from Dover, Portsmouth, and Exeter, to 
confer about some method of government. This committee con- 
sisted of Green, Xathaniel Weare, Henry Dow, Morris Hobbs, Sen., 
Capt. Samuel Sherburne, and Edward Gove. The town clothed 
them with full power and agreed to abide by the form of govern- 
ment which a majority of their commissioners should subscribe to, 
and obliged themselves to yield all ready obedience thereto until 
his majesty's further order. There were nine who dissented from 
this vote. March 9, 1692, he was named in Governor Allen's com- 
mission as one of the council, which office he continued to hold until 
his death. January 22, 1690, the town chose him with two others 
to ascertain the expense of the war. From this time until his death 
he appears to have had much respect sho-rni him. He was chosen 
to seat the people, and the town voted that he ''Shall set in the first 
seat." 

It was claimed that Green favored Mason in his suits against the 
proprietors to obtain rent. This rendered him unpopular for a 
time. 

In May, 1648, the town granted land to Abraham Perkins and 
Henry Green in consideration of building a water mill in the town 
of Hampton at the Falls. Three years later he bought out his 
partner. April 19, 1679, he was given liberty to set up a second 
dam, above. The mill was built on the location now known as 
Dodge's mills, and was operated and owned after his death by 
his son Jacob, and later by his grandson, Nathan Longfellow, until 
1764, when he sold to Col. Jonathan Moulton. Henry Green lived 
on the south side of the Falls river on the top of the hill, a short 
•distance from the mill. He was the ancestor of the Green families 
who have since lived in the town. 

He died August 5, 1700, aged above eighty. His first wife, 
Mary, was the mother of his children. She died April 26, 1690. 
March 10, 1691, he married Mary, widow of Thomas Page, who 
was a daughter of Christopher Hussey. After Green's decease she 
married Henry Dow. 



BIOGRAPHICAL SKETCHES. 229 

His children were as follows: 

Elizebeth, wife of James Chase; afterward of Joseph Cass. 

Maey, wife of Peter Green. 

Hannah, married John Acie, of Eowley. 

Abeaham, married Esther Swett. 

Isaac, married Mary Cass. 

Jacob, married Sarah ; died Xovember, 1726. 

ANTHONY STANYAN. 

Anthony Stanyan lived in Boston in 1641. He was in Exeter 
in 1617 and was the town clerk. He moved to Hampton in 1618, 
where he was one of the greatest men of his day, being dignified 
with the appellation of "Mr.," a designation seldom bestowed except 
upon the most respectable. March 25, 1649, he was chosen one of 
the selectmen and again in 1662, 1668, and 1676. He and his 
Avife had seats assigned them in 1650. The same year he drew a 
share (No. 63) in the ox common. In 1653, he was chosen com- 
missioner of the rates, when his tax was £1 2s. 4d. The same year 
he was chosen to examine into the merits of the case of Maurice 
Hobbs against the town and was in 1654 chosen one of the agents 
to manage the same on the part of the town. "19 — 10 — 1656, Bro. 
Shaw, Bro. Page & Bro. Stanyan are chosen to seek out help for the 
ministry." June 9, 1663, he was the only one who dissented to 
the laying out of 4,000 acres west of Hampton bounds. June 20, 
1665, he was chosen to exchange the town's land with Nathaniel 
Weare. July 18, 1665, he was a constable. October 12, 1665, he 
was chosen to lay out the farm of Mr. Cotton at Hogpen plain. 
July 12, 1667, he was chosen to keep the ordinary. In 1668, he 
dissents to the admission of John Lock as an inhabitant. April 
12, 1669, he dissents to the bringing a suit against Henry Green. 
December 14, 1669, he dissents to the giving of forty acres each to 
those who settle in the new plantation and also dissents to the vote 
to lay out the waste lands. March 3, 1670, he had a grant of 160 
acres (No. 48). He dissents to Andrew Wiggin taking forty pines 
from the commons, and is also chosen to prosecute James Rice for 
the cutting of timber in 1670. In 1671, he dissents to the confirm- 
ing of Mr. Cotton's farm at Hogpen plain. He was one of the 
signers of Weare's petition. He was a representative in 1654 and 
1680. 



230 HISTORY OF HAMPTON FALLS. 

The name of his first wife is not known. Slie died between 1650 
and 1655. He married, Kovember 1, 1655, Ann Partridge. He 
liad a son John, Avho was born in Boston in 1648, and a daughter 
Mary, Avho married John Pickering of Portsmoutli, January 10, 
1665. We do not find the names of any other children. Mr. Stan- 
yan died in 1688. His inventory was £45 18s. 2d., appraised by 
Xathaniel Weare and Joseph Smith. He gave his son John his 
estate by deed before his death. His descendants live in N'ew 
Hampshire, some of whom spell the name Stanion. He lived south 
of Taylor^s river, on the hill, where Charles N. Dodge now lives. 
He was succeeded by his son John, who was a signer of \Yeare's 
petition, and was selectman in 1692, 1699, 1701, and 1709, and 
representative in 1705. It is believed that he became a Quaker. 
He made the motion to have some of the common lands set off to 
them for a parsonage, which was done February 19, 1711. He had 
the reputation among his contemporaries of being a ver}' good man. 
He married Mary Bradbury of Salisbury, December 25, 1663, and 
had seven children. He died in 1718. In his will he takes especial 
pains to keep the property in the name of the Stanyans. His son 
Jacob lived on the homestead and was selectman of Hampton Falls 
in 1723 and 1746. The name disappears from our record before 
1787. 

JOHN CASS. 

John Cass came to Hampton and married Martha, daughter of 
Thomas Philbrick, Sen., before 1650. On the 4th of January, 1650, 
they had seats assigned them in the meeting-house. In 1653, his 
tax was 9s. lOd.; whole amount raised, £53 2s. lOd. October 15, 
1657, he and William Fuller were "chosen to lay out the highway 
towards Strawberry Bank to the extent of our bounds, as convenient 
as may be, which they have done according to their discretion.'^ 
At this time he lived on the Portsmouth road, between Lane's Cor- 
ner and the former site of the Methodist meeting-house. Soon 
after he moved south of Taylor's river. December 14, 1669, the 
road by his house was viewed by Lieutenant Swett and Nathaniel 
Weare and altered. In 1651, he drew one share in the ox commons. 
March 3, 1670, he drew share No. 41 in the commons containing 
one hundred acres. April 5, 1664, he bought Eev. John Wheel- 
wright's farm, which the town formerly granted Eev. Stephen 
Bachiler, and situated in what is now the town of Seabrook. He 



BIOGRAPHICAL SKETCHES. 231 

and his wife were both members of Eev. Seaborn Cotton's church 
in 1671. He was one of the selectmen in 1653, 1657, 1668, 1671, 
and 1675. He died siiddenly in his bed, April 7, 1675. His will 
was proved April 13, 1675. The witnesses were Thomas and Sam- 
uel Philbrick and Joseph Dow. The estate was appraised by Joseph 
Dow and Edward Gove, and valued at £940 lis.; debts, £96 17s. 
6d. This property was of more value than that of any person who 
died in Hampton prior to 1680. His widow, Martha, died before 
1696. 

The Hon. Lewis Cass, born in Exeter October 9, 1782, a XMted 
States senator from Michigan, and a member of President Bu- 
chanan's cabinet, was a lineal descendant of the above John Cass. 

The name of Cass appears upon our records until 1767, when it 
disappears. Probably all living in the town at that time were in 
the limits of what was afterward Seabrook. 

The children of John and Martha Cass: 

Maktha, married John Redman, February 18, 1667. 

Maet, married Isaac Green. 

Joseph, married, first, Mary Hobbs; second, Elizabeth Chase. 

Samuel, married Mercy Sanborn. 

Jonathan, bom September 13, 1663. 

Elizebeth, born July 17, 1666. 

Mercy, born August 1, 1668. 

Ebeneazee, born July 17, 1671. » 

Abigail, born January 11, 1674. 

THE CLIFFORD FAMILY. 

George Clifford descended in a direct line from the ancient and 
noble family of Clifford in England. He probably came with his 
wife (Elizebeth) and son John from Arnold Village and parish, ISTot- 
tingham county, England, to Boston, in 1644. He was a member 
of the Ancient and Honorable Artillery Company. He moved to 
Hampton. John Clifford, his son, was born in England. He was 
three times married, and was one of the signers of Weare's petition 
to the king in 1683. Israel Clifford, son of John, married, March 
15, 1680, Ann Smith. He was a member of Hampton church and 
was dismissed December 9, 1711, to the Falls church. He had five 
children. The Hon. jSTathan Clifford of Portland, Me., who was 
one of the justices of the United States supreme court was a great- 



282 HISTORY OF HAMPTON FALLS. 

gTanclson of Israel Clifford. Hon. John H. Clifford, at one time 
attorney-general, and afterwards governor of Massachusetts, was a 
great-grandson of Jacob Clifford, son of John. He was for many 
years president of the corporation of Harvard College and also pres- 
ident of the Boston & Providence Eailroad Co. The Clifford home- 
stead and farm was situated on the west side of the Old Mill road. 
A part of the land is now owned by John T. Batchelder. Some of 
the family removed to Chester and Kingston. The last of the name, 
John Clifford, was rated in 1773, but disappears before 1787. He 
was a Kevolutionary soldier. 

LIEUT. JOHN SAXBOEK 

Lieut. John Sanborn's mother was a daughter of Eev. Stephen 
Bachiler. He and his brothers, Stephen and William, came to 
Hampton, where John had granted to him in 1640 five acres for 
a house lot, two and one half, or thereabouts, at home and the rest 
beyond Taylor's river. In 1645 he had two of the 147 shares. In 
1650 he and his wife had seats in the meeting-house. In 1651 he 
was chosen to confirm the old grants. ISTovember 21, 1651, he had 
two shares of the ox commons. His tax was 14 shillings in 1653. 
January 23, 1654, he was chosen agent for the town in Hobbs's 
suit against the town. June 30, 1657, he was chosen in the room 
of William Swain to provide a house for the minister. October 24, 
1657, he was to see to the repairs of Mr. Cotton's house. Febru- 
ary 28, 1658, he was chosen to finish the building for Mr. Dalton. 
May 29, 1658, he was appointed to confer with Mr. Cotton about 
his house. July 16, 1658, he and two others were to see to the 
grants and highways. January 1, 1660, he was chosen one of a 
committee to wait upon Mr. Cotton about the repairs to be made 
on his house. March 16, 1660, he was chosen to hire the school- 
master. January 9, 1663, he was appointed to examine the shares. 
June 9, 1663, he was one of the men to lay out the four thousand 
acres west of Hampton bounds, and on April 14, 1663, he was 
chosen to make a division of the same. September 21, 1664, his 
power as a wood ward was suspended and other regulations were 
made. January 24, 1665, he was chosen to collect the arrearages 
of the constable, and with power to levy fines and take by distress, 
etc. March 27, 1665, he made a motion to admit Henry Deering 
as an inhabitant with permission to keep the ordinary. June 20, 
1665, he was chosen with Eev. Mr. Cotton and Samuel Dalton to 



BIOGRAPHICAL SKETCHES. 238 

draw a writing asserting the claims of tlie inhabitants to their lands 
and remonstrating against the claims of Mr. Mason before Sir 
Eobert Carr and the other royal commissioners. The appointment 
of Sanborn to this duty indicates the high opinion his fellow towns- 
men had of his talents and integrity, nor did he ever lose this good 
esteem. October 12, 1665, he was chosen to lay out the farm of 
two hundred acres granted to the Eev. Mr. Cotton, and was also 
chosen to lay out the second division. July 25, 1667, he was elected 
a commissioner to try small causes. May 22, 1667, he was to lay out 
the land granted Daniel Tilton. March 18, 1668, he was chosen 
to rectify Anthony Taylors bounds. April 12, 1669, he was chosen 
to manage the suits against Portsmouth about the lands at Josslyn's 
Neck, before the next court at Salisbury. September 5, 1669, he 
was appointed to run the Exeter line. December 10, 1669, he was 
to treat with William Fuller concerning the exchange of one hun- 
dred acres of land at Hogpen ^^lains. December 22, 1669, he was 
chosen to lay out the land more than four miles north of the meet- 
ing-house. March 3, 1670, he had a grant (No. 51) of one hun- 
dred acres. June 13, 1671, he was chosen an appraiser of the goods 
taken by the constable by warrant of distress, May 31, 1671. He 
was chosen a commissioner to make the rates, April 25, 1672. 
He was chosen to treat with Mr. Dudley and Mr. Oilman respecting 
the suit of Exeter against the widow Garland, October 21, 1672. 
He was elected one of the selectmen in 1650, 1657, 1661, 1665, 
1668, 1671, 1674, and 1678. ^ 

He died October 20, 1692. His first wife was named Mary. )M^ 
Her children were: 

EiCHARD, born November 4, 1654; married Euth Marston, October 

10, 1678. 
Mart, born January 19, 1657; died November 4, 1660. 
Joseph, born January 13, 1659; married Mary Gove. 
Stephen, born September 11, 1661; died December 24, 1661. 
Aj^n, born December 20, 1662; married Samuel Palmer. 
Maet, born 1664; died, 1664. 
Nathaniel,, born November 27, 1665; married, first, Eebecca 

Prescott; second, Sarah Nason. 
Benjamin, bom October 20, 1668; married, first, Meribah Tilton; 

second, Abigail Dalton. 



234 HISTORY OF HAMPTON FALLS. 

He married, second, widow Margaret Moulton, daughter of Eobert 
Page. He had one son by her: 

Jonathan, born March 25, 1672; married Elizebeth Sherburne. 

"Widow Margaret Sanborn died July 13, 1699, aged seventy years. 
He had a son John who died in 172T, and probably Josiah who was 
a selectman in 1695. His inyentory was £294 lis. In 1722, Eich- 
ard Sanborn drew one half share in the first division. Ensign John 
Sanborn one half share in the third division and one share in the 
fifth division, in the original right of John Sanborn. 

Lieutenant Sanborn was one of the most strenuous opponents of 
the ^Masonian claims and of Cranfield's administration. He was a 
signer of Weare's petition to the king in 1683. October, 1683, 
Eobert Mason, Sherlock, the marshal, and James Leach came to San- 
born's house in order to give Mason possession, when Sanborn not 
opening the door. Leach, by the marshal's order, broke it open, and 
gave Mason possession. Sanborn was taken prisoner. In Xovem- 
ber, 1683, Governor Cranfield brought an action against John San- 
born of Hampton for saying, "I question whether the King ever 
knew of Edward Cranfield's commission or patent." The damages 
were laid at £500. 

In case pending between the Hon. Edward Cranfield Esquire Plain- 
tiff, against John Sanborn Defendant the jury find for the Plaintiff, 
five hundred pounds damage, and costs of Court, Or to make a pub- 
lic acknowledgment in all four towns both for matter and form, as the 
Court shall direct. Then he so doing shall paj- but ten pounds and 
costs of court. 

The costs were £1 19s. The acknowledgment was made in 1685. 
He borrowed the money of Eichard Waldron, his son Eichard, and 
William Vaughan to pay the above fine, October 21, 1685. His 
four sons, Eichard, Josiah, John, and Joseph, were signers of 
Weare's petition. Lieut. John Sanborn lived at first on his lot 
near the residence of the late Alvin Emery, but afterward moved 
south of Taylor's river. He owned and lived on the farm now 
occupied by the heirs of Thayer S. Sanborn. The farm has re- 
mained in possession of the Sanborn family ever since. John San- 
born's house was situated near where the garden now is, by the 
lane which leads to the depot road. He was the ancestor of the 
Sanborn families in this town, where they have been numerous and 
prominent in to'OTi matters. 



BIOGRAPHICAL SKETCHES. 235 



COL. ICHABOD EOBIE. 



Col. Ichabod Eobie was a son of Henry Eobie. He was born 
November 25, 1664, and died at Kingston May 15, 1757, aged ninety- 
two years. He resided in the south parish, now Hampton Falls, 
where he was one of the most useful men, frequently chosen select- 
man and representative (when the Weares did not wish to go) 
after their incorporation as a parish. 

His name is connected with a singular transaction which occurred 
in 1745. It appears that the parishes of North Hampton, Kensing- 
ton, and Hampton Falls wished to have a share of the parsonage 
property belonging to Hampton. On the 24th of June, 1745, the 
people of Hampton Falls, headed by Col. Ichabod Eobie, attended 
a town meeting in Hampton and imdertook to vote, although they 
had been incorporated as a parish with town privileges for twenty- 
five years and had ceased to act in any way as inhabitants of the 
town of Hampton during that time. The meeting was riotous 
and the Falls voters were compelled to withdraw. They held a 
meeting July 1, 1745, in which they voted that Col. Ichabod Eobie, 
Jonathan Fifield, and Jonathan Nason should be a committee to 
consult with a committee of Kensington and North Hampton, to 
take such measures as they thought best for the recovery of some 
part of the lands which the town of Hampton bought of Eev. Tim- 
othy Dalton, and to report their proceedings fortliAvith. Septem- 
ber 16, 1745, the town of Hampton held a meeting in which they 
voted "That we will prosecute all or some of those persons that 
came into our meeting on the 24th of June last, and behaved in a 
riotous and disorderly manner." The selectmen were authorized 
to prosecute. As an offset to this, the town of Hampton Falls held a 
meeting September 30, 1745, duly warned for the purpose, and 
passed a vote choosing Joseph Worth, Benjamin Hilliard, and Jon- 
athan Swett a committee to "commence an action or actions, against 
the town of Hampton and to prosecute the same to final judgment 
for their denying the right of the inhabitants of the Falls parish to 
vote in the meeting held on the 24th of June last, and also to de- 
fend any and all the inhabitants against any action which may be 
brought for their conduct at said meeting." There is no further 
account of this affair in either of the town records. Probably the 
good people thought they had already shown proper resentment 
and suffered the matter to drop. 



236 HISTORY OF HAMPTON FALLS. 

He was probably buried at Hampton Falls, although he died in 
Kingston. He was dismissed from the church at Hampton to form 
that at Kingston in 1725. He returned to Hampton Falls and 
afterward went back to Kingston. 

Col. Eobie married Lucy Page, January 4, 1694. Her children: 

Meeibah, born October 6, 1694; married Currier. 

Dorothy, baptized, 1700; married, first, Benjamin Prescott; sec- 
ond, Edward Sanborn. 
LrCY, baptized, 1698. 
Samuel, born May 12, 1705; died young. 

His second wife was named Maria. Her children: 

Ruth, baptized, 1707; died young. 

AxxA, born January 10, 1708; died January 21, 1735. 

Ruth, born October 18, 1709; died February 28, 1735. 

JoHX, bom in 1713. 

Hexry, born October 19, 1714. 

Samuel, born October 17, 1717. 

His third wife was named Lydia. 

William, died before August 31, 1757. 
SuSAJs^iSrA, married Hezekiah Swain. 
Lydia, married Micah Brooks. 
Ruth, living single, 1753. 

Some of the descendants of Col. Ichabod Robie appear to have 
lived in Candia and Chester. 

ICHABOD ROBIE, ESQ. 

Ichabod Robie, Esq., was born, according to tradition of his fam- 
ily, in that part of Haverhill which is now Atkinson, about 1679. 
He was a grandson of Henry Robie of Hampton and a nephew of 
Col. Ichabod Robie. 

His father, John Robie, was killed by the Indians in 1690 or 
1691, and his son Ichabod, then thirteen years of age, was carried 
captive to Canada, where he remained about a year before he was 
redeemed, or otherwise restored. He settled in Hampton Falls, 
but at what time is not known. January 10, 1707, he married Mary 
Cass, and had a numerous family. 



BIOGRAPHICAL SKETCHES. 237 

In 1746 Icliabod Kobie and his sons John and Henry were among 
the grantees of the town of Weare, at that time called Robiestown, 
from Ichabod Robie, who was the first named in the grant. John 
Eobie settled in AYeare and was one of the most prominent men, hav- 
ing been town clerk for twenty-five years, besides holding most of 
the other elective offices. Some of his descendants still live there. 

He made his will, dated October 10, 1752, proved September 26, 
1753, when he wonld he aboiit seventy-four years old. In his will 
he named his wife, Mary, and his children, John, Henry, Samuel, 
and daughter Sarah Tilton. 

He lived upon the Robie farm in Hampton Falls, now occupied 
by Nathan H. Robie, Esq., who was a lineal descendant. He was a 
tanner and currier by trade. His children were: 

Anne, born February 10, 1708; died January 27, 1725. 

John, born August 12, 1712; married Ann Williams; settled in 

Chester. 
Heney, born October 19, 1714; married Abigail Butler; died in 

1807. 
Samuel, born October 17, 1717; lived in Raymond and Goifstown. 
Mary, born August 19, 1720. 
Sarah, born October 3, 1722; married John Tilton. 

Henry Robie, son of Ichabod, was born in 1717. He married 
Abigail Butler. He was a prominent man, having been parish 
clerk from 1758 to 1762, and a number of times selectman and rep- 
resentative. He polled into Seabrook in 1768, and was one of the 
members from that toAvn to the first and second conventions held 
at Exeter in 1774 and 1775, and was elected representative from the 
two toAvns in 1776 and 1777. He died in 1807. His children: 

Daniel, born in 1734; lived in Ra)'mond. 

Ichabod, born in 1736; lived in Candia. 

Susan, born in 1738; married William French of Seabrook. 

John, bom in 1740; died young. 

Samuel, born in 1745; lived in Chester. 

John, born in 1742; lived in Weare. 

Anna, born in 1748; died unmarried in 1841. 

Abigail, born in 1749; died unmarried in 1839. 

Henry, born in 1752; died in 1788. 

Nathan, born in 1758; died in 1843. 

Nathan lived on the homestead and was father of Henry, who 
died about 1877, and grandfather of Nathan H. Robie, who died 
January 16, 1898. 



MILITAEY EECOED. 



SIEGE OF LOUISBUEG. 

LouisBUEG is situated on the southeast side of the island of 
Cape Breton, in latitude 45° 54', longitude 59° 52'. After the sur- 
render of the French settlements in Nova Scotia to England by the 
peace of Utrecht in 1718, emigrants from those settlements occu- 
pied the coasts of the neighboring island of Cape Breton, and Louis- 
burg, a town named in honor of Louis XIV., began to be fortified 
by the French government upon a gigantic scale, with the inten- 
tion of making it the strongest fortress in America and a command- 
ing naval fishing and commercial station. The town was about 
two and one half miles in circumference and stood upon a neck of 
land on the south side of the harbor, an extensive land-locked basin 
with an entrance half a mile broad. It was fortified with a wall 
thirty-six feet high, which was surrounded by a ditch eighty feet 
in width. The main works mounted sixty-five heavy cannon and 
sixteen mortars. On either side of the entrance were batteries of 
thirty guns. iV lighthouse on a high cliff near the entrance was 
visible for fifteen miles at sea. The town was laid out in regular 
squares, with Ijroad streets. The buildings were mostly of wood, 
but there were many built of stone. The fortifications Avere nearly 
thirty years in Ijuilding, and had cost the French government up- 
ward of five million dollars. The fortress of Louisburg when com- 
pleted was so strong that it was called the Dunkirk of America. 
At the time of its capitulation it contained five thou3and people, 
exclusive of the soldiers. 

The neighborhood of Louisburg caused great uneasiness in Xew 
England, where important interests in the fisheries were threatened 
with entire ruin by the privateers who found refuge in its spacious 
harbor. In 1745, Great Britain being at war with France, Gov- 
ernor Shirley of Massachusetts devised a plan for taking Ijouis- 
burg, which was adopted by the legislature of that province in a 
secret session by a majority of one vote. Forces were promptly 

238 



MILITARY RECORD. 239 

raised and William Pepperell, a merchant of Kittery, was appointed 
commander. Massachusetts furnished 3,200 men, one third of 
whom were from the district of Maine, then a part of Massachusetts. 
jSTew Hampshire furnished a regiment of ten companies, which num- 
bered 502 men at the time of sailing. In addition to this regiment 
120 recruits from this state accompanied the expedition, all under 
the command of Colonel Moore. The names of 496 of these men 
have been found, leaving 126 still unknown. There are no rolls 
known to be in existence of the men's names who went from this 
state. The names which have been collected were obtained from 
other sources. It has been said that at the close of the war the 
rolls containing the names of the men engaged in the Louisburg 
expedition were taken to England to be used as vouchers. The 
Society of Colonial AYars in the state of New Hampshire are taking 
mea.sures to find those rolls if they are still in existence. 

A number of ineffectual attempts were made to raise men in 
Hampton Falls. Meetings had been held at Swett's tavern for 
the purpose of raising men, but had proved unsuccessful until 
Edward Williams, who was a popular young man, offered to lead 
the men who would volunteer as their captain. After this a full 
company of forty-five men were recruited. We have su.cceeded in 
getting the names of about two thirds of the men who went from 
this town, and regret our inability to get the remainder. The 
long time which has since elapsed and the absence of direct infor- 
mation render it impossible for us to get the names of all. 

The distance from Portsmouth was six hundred miles. Rhode 
Island and Connecticut, by legislative authority, furnished troops; 
New York sent a supply of artillery; Pennsylvania and New Jersey 
sent provisions and clothing. The forces were successfully landed 
near Louisburg, April 30, 1715, and by successful maneuvering 
the city was surrendered with little fighting, June 17, on the forty- 
ninth day of the siege. The French reported a loss of two hun- 
dred men during the siege. Much sickness and many deaths oc- 
curred, owing to the unhealthy surroundings where the men were 
encamped. At the end of January, 1746, 561 men had died. In 
May, 1716, Governor Shirley wrote that 890 men had died during 
the winter. Outside the gate, near the old limekiln, the forgotten 
bones of more than five hundred New England men lie to this day, 
under the coarse, neglected grass. We have the names of five Hamp- 
ton Falls men (and there are probably more) who died there. 
Among them is Captain Edward Williams. 



240 



HISTORY OF HAMPTON FALLS. 



The men from Xew Hampshire, here as everywhere else, gave a 
good account of themselves and did their full part toward the suc- 
cess of the expedition. The officers of the Xew Hampshire troops 
on their return presented a bell, which had heen captured from 
the fortifications, to Queen's chapel in Portsmouth, which bell was 
recast and still does duty upon St. John's Episcopal Church. The 
pay of the soldiers was less than six pence a day sterling. Each sol- 
dier furnished his own clothing and gun. 

Puritan zeal is said to have had a ^jotent effect toward reducing 
the fortress belonging to a papal power. The capture of Louis- 
burg caused great rejoicing in England and the government reim- 
bursed the colonies to a large extent for their money outlay. 

By the peace of lT-t8 Louisburg was returned intact to France, 
to the dissatisfaction of the people of Xew England. In 1757, 
during the seven years' war, the place was again easily taken by 
the English under the lead of General Wolfe. The fortifications 
were destroyed and it has since been a place of no military sig- 
nificance. There are but few inhabitants there at the present time. 

A monument erected near the site of Louisburg, by the Society 
of Colonial AVars, was unveiled June 17, 1895, to commemorate 
the capture of Louisburg one hundred and fifty years before, A. D. 
17-15. 

The following are the names which we have obtained of the men 
who went from Hampton Falls: 

Captain Edward Williams (died) David Lowell 



Timothy Blake 
Jonathan Bond 
Ensign Edmund Brown 
John Brown (died) 
Xason Cass 
Benjamin Cram 
Daniel Cram 
John Ellard 
William Fifield 
John French (died) 
Jacob French 
John Green 
Ebeneazer Goac (died) 
Joseph Gove 
Jeremiah Gove 
Lient. Bradburj- Green 
Peter Ingalls 
Jonathan Leavitt 



James Lowell 

Eobert Miller (arm shot off) 

Caleb Norton 

Joseph Prescott 

Xathan Row 

Eobert Eow 

Abner Sanborn (died) 

John Sanborn - 

Ebeneazer Sanborn 

Benjamin Shaw 

Eobert Swett 

William Swain 

James Taylor 

Benjamin Tilton 

Daniel Tilton 

Jonathan Watson 

Nathaniel Weare 



MILITARY RECORD. 241 

REYOLUTIOXAEY AVAE. 

There is very little recorded upon our town records in relation 
to the action of this town during the Eevolutionary "War. It is 
much to be regretted that such is the case. But very few of the 
men's names who entered the country's service are recorded in any 
way upon the town books. The annexed list was taken from the 
state papers, and Cjuite likely some Avho should have been credited 
to us do not appear upon the state rolls. AVe are much pleased to 
present so many names, and feel confident that we have nearly a 
correct list. There were a number of calls for men; some for a 
longer term of service than others. So many having served for a 
short time may account for the large number of men credited to us. 
We find the names of what appear to be the same men from difEerent 
towns which are situated near each other. This may be accounted 
for in the short-term service. When the men were discharged they 
enlisted to fill the quotas of other towns which were behind. This 
town appears to have furnished all the men called for, and to have 
voted bounties to those who would enter the service. In all these 
things they appear to have acted generously toward the soldiers. 
It was found necessary to resort once, at least, to a draft to fill 
our quota. We find no record of this draft, but make the state- 
ment from authentic tradition, the writer getting his information 
from a person who was living at the time the draft was enforced, 
and who related circtimstances in connection with it. Since writ- 
ing the above we have come into possession of the notice which 
was served upon David Batchelder, which is as follows: 

State of New Hampshire. In Consequence of orders from General 
Cong'ress the Committee of Safety of this State have required that 
one sixth part of onr Eegiment not already in the war Including the 
alarm list that are able to bear arms, and able to March to be 
Draughted, or otherwise Engaged, to march from their Homes by 
the lutii of this instant at fartlierest, Accordingly Mr. David Batchelder 
you are Draughted to march and be well equipped for the defence of 
this and the neighboring States, to serve until the Last Day of No- 
vember next, unless sooner discharged, & join Yourself to the army 
under General Stark's, or the Commanding officer of that Department. 
—Dated at Hampton falls Sept. llth 1777 

JONATHAN CKAM. Capt. 

Mr. Batchelder probably furnished a substitute, as did Cornet 
Nathan Brown, who was also drafted. 



242 HISTORY OF HAMPTON FALLS. 

^\e give a few extracts from the records of what was voted at 
that time: 

Juh' 12tii 1776. Ycted to give Jonathan Miller equal with the other 
soldiers that is a going in the Canada service for the Parish of Hamp- 
ton falls the present Campaign, Yiz until the first day of Dec. next. 

Jonathan Miller was probably a negro or mulatto, which may have 
been the reason why he required a vote of this kind. At the same 
meeting, — 

Voted — That the Selectmen be impowered to raise Xinetj- nine 
pounds Eight Shillings, lawful money, for the soldiers of Hampton 
falls that is a going in the Canada service, Over and above the 
bounty and Avages that is allowed them by the Colony for their en- 
couragement in said service until the first day of December next — Pro- 
vided said Soldiers do their duty to the best of their skill and ability 
in said service. 

The selectmen were made a committee to pay this money to the 
soldiers. 

March 27tii 17T7. Voted to give those men who belong to this 
Parish, Fortj" five pounds lawful money, including the bounty that 
is already given by the state and congress to list into the service 
for the term of three years or during the war. — ^Ir. Xathan Brown, 
Col Jonathan Burnham, Isaiah Lane, & Capt. Jon^ Cram, w^ere voted 
a committee to hire these men that this parish is called upon for, to go 
into the service for the term of three years or during the war. 

At a later meeting, — 

Voted. To give those soldiers that are to be enlisted into the ser- 
vice, for the term of three years or during the war. One hundred 
dollars each, over and above the State bounty, That shall enlist after 
this date for the parish of Hampton falls — and that the Selectmen 
be impowered to raise money upon the Polls and Estates of the free 
holders and inhabitants of the parish of Hampton falls, to fulfil 
said judgment and answer said demand. 

May 12tii 1777 Voted To make a reasonable allowance toward those 
men that have done anything toward the AA^ar, by way of turn, or paid 
money toward the war, since it commenced. A committee w'as chosen 
to average to every man, who had done a turn or paid money toward 
the war, since it commenced, and average it as equal as possibly.it can 
be to everj- man. 

These are a sample of the votes passed during the time the E ev- 
olutionary AVar was carried on. Men and money were freely voted, 



MILITARY RECORD. 243 

and everything goes to show that our people were in earnest and 
willing to make any sacrifice to gain their independence. 

We find an article in a warrant for a meeting in 1780, to see if 
the town would furnish eight thousand four hundred and seventy- 
nine pounds of beef for the use of the United States. In the rec- 
ord of this meeting we do not find any action taken upon this 
article, but it is reasonable to suppose that this, as all other de- 
mands made upon the town during the war, was promptly met. 

The people Avere often alarmed by false reports that the British 
soldiers were coming and were near by. This did much to frighten 
the women and children, who in some cases left their homes to go 
to some place of safety. It is related that an old man who lived 
on Morton hill, who had been told that the Eedcoats had crossed 
the ]\Ierrimack river and were coming this way, sat in his doorAvay, 
gun in hand, ready to receive them as they should come up the hill. 

The following is a list of the men who entered the country's 
service as soldiers from Hampton Falls during the Eevolutionary 
AYar. The most of them were found in the Eevolutionary War 
papers published by the state and edited by Hammond. A few 
names have been added to those found there, as we have authentic 
information that they Avere in the service from this town, and from 
some reason were omitted from the state rolls. There are some 
names in the list wliich do not appear upon the records. These were 
proljably either transient persons, or were hired from other towns 
by the committee to fill the quota. 

James Allard Capt. John Clifford 

Stephen Atkinson (drummer) Enoch Dow 

Samuel Bai'ker Enoch Drew 

Thomas Batchelder Daniel Davidson 

Mark Batchelder Xathaniel Dodge 

Phinneas Batchelder .Jonathan Eaton 

Capt. John Blaisdell Daniel Felch 

Christopher Blake Samuel Fifield 

Enoch Blake Jeremiah Fogg 

Joshua Blake Eaton Green 

Caleb Brown Bradbury Hardy 

Jonathan Brown Jonathan Hardy 

Philip Burns Job Haskel 

Benjamin Burnham Hussej^ Hoag 

Jonathan Burnham Benjamin Hilliard 

Daniel Carr Zebulon Hilliard 

Isaac Chandler Thomas Hooper 



244 



HISTORY OF HAMPTON FALLS. 



Samuel James 
Joshua Jenness 
Lowell Lang 
Jonathan Leavitt 
Levi Lamprey 
Luke Libbey 
Samiiel Lock 
Gideon Marshall 
Eobert Marshall 
Kichard Middleton 
Jonathan Miller 
Richard Mace 
Daniel Morgan 
Redman Moulton 
John Mobbs Moulton 
William Nudd 
Josiah PerTcar 
Noys Pervear 
Elisha Prescott, Jr. 
James Prescott, 3^. 
John Prescott 
James Randall 
John Rawlings 



Eliphalet Rollins 
John Rollins 
Pain Row 
Abner Sanborn 
James Sanborn 
Meshech Sanborn 
Theophilus Sanborn 
David Scott 
Timothy Shaw 
Gilbert Sharpe 
Jonathan Stickney 
Jonathan Steward 
Benjamin Swett 
Thomas Swett 
Caleb Swain 
Reuben Swain 
Ensign Tuck 
Capt. Richard Weare 
Lieut. Nathan Weare 
IMelcher Ward 
Edward Wade 
Jonathan Wedgwood 
Peter Williams 



Lieut. Nathan AYeare and Captain Eichard Weare were sons 
of Gov. Meshech Weare. Capt. Eichard Weare was killed at Fort 
Ann, New York, while on the retreat from Ticonderoga, August 
4, 1777. 

Some of the soldiers from this vicinity were at the hattle of 
Bennington. The majority saw service in New York state at Ti- 
conderoga, and were present at Burgoyne's surrender at Saratoga. 
These men went from home on foot, walking all the way through 
the wilderness, and when discharged walked home. In goiug and 
coming they subsisted upon the food obtained from the few inhab- 
itants along the route — sometimes taking it forcibly — and upon such 
game as could be killed, suffering in some cases from hunger so that 
a scjuirrel was considered a godsend. People at the present time 
have little idea of the hardships these men endured. 

DIARY OF LIEUT. NATHAN WEARE KEPT AT TICONDEROGA 
AND DURING THE RETREAT, 1777. 

Ap. 29. A very rainy night. About day it began to snow and con- 
tinued until about 9 A. M. 6 inches fell and then some rain. About 
11 A. M. it slacked. 



MILITARY RECOUD. 245 

30 Eaining-, very windy, squally & chilly. It looks like a very cold 
night. A frost on the 28th jnst. Our field pieces came in from Read- 
ing. Its expected that we shall march from this ground on a private 
expedition but where is not known at ijresent. 

May 1 A fine pleasant day. Capt. Frye, Adj. ^Yilkins & Joseph 
Gray, came in to bring a fiagg, and to bring the word out fi'om Mr. 
Clinton to Gen. Dunster, to have him give up West Point in ten days or 
he would come with all the fire that he could make for to take it, but 
if he comes I think that he will find himself mistaken. Its reported 
that Eight regfs of Georges Bull doggs are at Monmouth in the Jer- 
seys. Considerable large betts are made by the officers as to the 
place of our spending the summer Campaign. Its said that Old Hazen, 
is at Bishops with his regt, & that Lieut. :Mc. Cauley has orders to 
Ijroceed to Charlestown in New Hampshire with the officers baggage, 
& some say to Fort Ipswich. I think to neither of them. Provisions 
very scarce. All salt, w^e draw one day at a time, and 1/3 ration of' 
whiskey today. A party was sent off this morning, that was seen in 
front last night as expected. * 

2^1 A cloudy, rainy morning, rained all the last part of the night. 
Its reported at camp, as it cleared off warm, that we shall march off 
this ground very soon for the northward. Its reported that Gen. 
Johnson, with a party of tories have taken i)ossession of Fort Hannah. 
At 12 M had orders to parade at half after 12 for prayers when we 
had a discourse from those words in Timothy "Indure hardness as 
good soldiers of Jesus Christ" which was delivered by Mr. Even the 
Chaplain. David Clifford of the Batl. of Cavalry was confined for in- 
sulting language to the Commisary. James Floyd of Capt. Gilmans 
company Sargent Heath & David Moss of Capt. Stones company for 
stealing a calf from one of the inhabitants. 

o*! A fine pleasant day. The above persons mentioned were tried 
by a Eegt Court Marshall, of which Capt. Frye was President. 

4tii A fine pleasant day. Drew 5 days ration of fresh beef. Con- 
siderable rain this morning. Some very heavy thunder at roll 
call. The prisoners above mentioned were brot. on the parade and 
had their sentence read with the finding of the Court. Clifford was 
found guilty. He plead that he was ordered to insult the Commisary. 
He was ordered to make his acknowledgment in the j)resence of the 
commanding Officer and ask. forgiveness. Floyd, Heath & Moss were 
found guilty of their crimes, & sentenced to receive one hundred 
lashes on their bare backs well laid on. Heath & Moss also tried for 
stealing a steer from one of the inhabitants, found guilty, sentenced 
to receive one hundred lashes. Each, and go and settle with the man, 
and bring' a receipt in full to the commanding" officers of the Keg* 
To be put on proper stoppage until the value of the calf is made up, 
for what the calf was bot for. Heath received one hundred lashes and 
to receive the other hundred this evening at roll call. jNIoss received 
only 50. Pie was taken down to receive the other 50 at Roll call. 
Flo3'd being tj^ed up, asked forgiveness of the commanding Officers, 



246 HISTORY OF HAMPTON FALLS. 

and released. The other.s sent back to the guard house. Its reported 
that Eight Eegts. of the Enemy are at Monmouth in the Jerseys, And 
that we are to be joined by Gen. Laman's Brigade & to march to the 
Green wood in Pensylvania, but I believe it is uncertain where we 
shall go at present, but expect for to march on the Stii or lOtii inst. 
Deserters came out of New York on Sunday, bj^ forging a pass and 
inform that there is only 4000 of the enemy there, & that they lay 
between the city & ISTew York City. One of them is a Capt. and in- 
forms that about 20 of one company have deserted in about a fort- 
night & that they are very much missed by their officers. 

5 A fine warm day but very windy. At troop meeting Heath was 
brot. on to the parade and received 50 la.shes. Moss received 25 lashes 
& both were sent back to the guard house. About 10 A. M. Heath, 
Moss, & Clifford were released. vSearj. Hetsey and his guard are in 
from Fredonia burrough. Grows very cold, with a high wind, looks 
like a frost. A retreat beating. Had orders that tomorrow is ap- 
pointed by Congress to be a day of fasting and prayer, throughout the 
United States & a Brigade order that the Divine service to begin at 
11 A. M. near Capt. Cilley's Eegt. 

6 A very cold, windy, chilly morning. At 11 A. M. paraded and 
marched about a mile to hear prayers, and had a iine discourse deliv- 
ered by Mr. Even from Jeremiah 18th 7th and Stii verses, "That city 
against whom I have pronounced, etc." Corp. Godfrey of the 2^ 
Cavi Company & Walker of this Dist. sent to the state store to guard all 
the Comd from the X. H. line, and all ordered in a small detachment, 
that went to head' quarters. Col. Dearborn again takes the charge 
of the Brigade. The detail mentioned that went to King Ferry came 
in this afternoon. 

7tii A fine pleasant day. This afternoon the Detatcht from the 
line that went out with Capt. ^M^Gregor came in. The 1st N. H. Regt. 
to march tomorrow to Fort Pitt, though not known by the soldiers 
where they are going. 

8tb A fine pleasant daJ^ The l^t X. H. Regt. mentioned that was 
to march today is not to march until tomorrow morning. 

9th A fine pleasant day. The X. H. Regt. marched and closed the 
X river. This morning about day killed a rattle snake with 5 rattles 
the first that I ever saw. 

10 A fine pleasant day. This afternoon Searj. Barker came into 
camj) and brought with him a camp Fagit. 

11 A pleasant day. There is a bet laid of 1000 dollars that the 
enemy will leave Xew York the 25tii inst and that our people will be 
in possession of it. An Express this afternoon came from Col. Hazen 
to Gen. MDudle for more troops to go and join the Cbngress Regiment 
& that Col. Courtland is to join our Brigade to his Regt. Four tories 
were carried by here under guard. Three of them were above 60 
3'ears of age. They were catched in the Jerseys. 

12tii A fine j)leasant day. Xine tories were carried bj^ here under 
a strong guard, they were brot. from the Jerseys, some of them 
very old men. Looks like rain. 



MILITARY RECORD. 247 

13 A very rainy day. Xow at four P. M. this afternoon G of the 
quarter guard were confined on suspicion of stealing 5 pairs of overalls 
& also four of Col. Eeeds Eegt. on the same acct. 

14 A fine pleasant day. At abot;t 11 A. M. Mustered for the month 
of April, by Mr. Lamson. After mustering, we are to be practiced 
every day after Roll call. Our Commander of the Eegt. at ii resent 
is Col. Dearborn. 

15 A fine pleasant day, nothing new. At 10 A. M. dre^v one -shirt, 
some overalls & shoes and some canteens. Col. Cilley's Eegt. to march 
to Eastown, Pennsylvania, then to be joined by a Eegt. from some 
brigade in the continental army, for to go against the enemy. Col. 
Dearborn went around himself today with very strict orders. 

16 A fine pleasant day. The soldiers not obeying the Cols, orders, 
he took it in his head to confine all the disorderly in the Eegt. for 
the neglect of the orders. This continued until he had orders to 
march next morning at 6. P. ^I. when the men were released without 
punishment. In the morning all the truant boys were back in the Eegt. 

17 A fine pleasant day. The Geni Eegt. at C. o. f. Paraded at 7 
A. M. Marched at Eight, and marched to Fishkill. Halted at 12 then 
marched to the landing and crossed the river to Xewbury Lodged 
in hay barns. 

IS Looks something like rain. A considerable warm day. Marched 
IS miles on retreat. At 12 m. marched 2 miles to Xew Winsor, thence 
to Bethlehem 11 miles. A very good road. Lodged in a barn. At 
sunset looks considerable like rain. Gen. Poor, Col. C'illey, Gen. 
Stark and Capt. Chase came up. 

19 A rainy daj'. The Gen^^ marched at 5 A. M. at 7 at Blooining 
Grove 5 miles then to Chester 5 miles. Then to Sugar Loaf 3 miles and 
halted at 10 P. M. Eained fast all day. 

20 A rainy day. Marched as yesterday to Wanish 7 miles. Thence 
to Warden 7 miles, & halted at West Kingston at 6 P. M. It rained 
all day. Very good land and a good road, 27 miles into Jersey state. 
A bad day for to march. Continued raining all day & all night. 

21 A rainy day. At 3 A. M. ready for marching which we expected 
to do every moment. Its repoi'ted that our army have taken 400 
Indians & killed 300 between Pensylvania & Fort Detroit. Some troops 
were sent with a flagg to our men to surrender in ten days or they 
woidd destroy them all, bvit our men had got information the day 
before which enabled them to gain the victory or they would all have 
been destroyed, as the enemy Avas twice their number. I had this 
daj' one dollar given me by an old country man, that I never saw 
before. Continued raining all day and all night. 

22 A cloudA', rainy morning, and looks like a rainy day. Its re- 
ported that we are to go to Fort Detroit & that we shall have to go 
600 miles through the woods on foot, and that 12000 are to go, and 
carry baggage. Gen. Poor & Col. Cilley have gone to headquarters 
to get off if possible. Send us to our own State. 

23 At 5 A. M. marched from Washington 10 miles & then halted Vs 



248 HISTORY OF HAMPTON FALLS. 

hour. 7 P. M. Got into Xewtown Court House, & lodged in the Court 
House. Drew l^ ration of fresh beef, and one jill of whiskey, Butter 
& very heavy wheat bread, Cyder, three dollars, 5 qts turn, bread and 
milk. A very warm day, 28 miles this day. 

24 A fine clear day but verj' warm. Marched 1/2 after sunrise 10 
miles A: halted three hours. Very warm day. Then marched to an 
Arabian town b^' the naiue of Hojie. Very civil people who live alto- 
gether almost. 

25 The drums beat at sunrise. We marched off the ground. A 
very hot day. Halted in the woods 5 miles from the river, & drew 
overalls and received an order to march tomorrow only between day 
and sunrise. 

2G A cloudy day. Marched at sunrise to the river and crossed im- 
mediatelj' to Eastown. Capt. Chase gave me a letter from my brother. 
The Camp is a little below the town. Drew tents. Crossed at 8 A. M. 
Looks like rain. Orders to clean guns, wash &c. This is a pleasant 
village laying on a point of land about 70 miles from Philadelphia. 
One Eegt. of Jersej' troops came in todaj'. 

27 A Cloudy day, and looks like rain. Nothing new G A. M. 
Marched for Cilleys Eegt. To march tomorrow morning at 7 A. M. 

28 A cloudy day, looks like rain. 

29 Cloudy in the fore part of the day. Afternoon clear and verj- 
vparm. 

30 A Cloudy morning & continued all day. At 11 A. M. Order for 
to turn out at 3 P. M. for meeting, and paraded accordingly. Marched 
to the church with the Jerse}' Brigade. A handsome Beating organ. 
Where we had the lOtii chapter, of Proverbs, & 36tb verse. But more 
particular those who hate me love death. The time of service was 
one hour. Marched back again to camp, and dismissed. Order that 
no soldier to go in a swimming after Troop beating, as it is very hurt- 
ful in the middle of the daj'. Drew provisions and rum, 1000 weight 
of beef condemned, & the 27tii 425 lbs. flour condemned. 

31 The day fine and pleasant. Kecd. an order this evening of the 
appointment of Jon^ Cilley Capt. in Stark's Eegt. Mr. Gaffrey Lieu- 
tenant & John Harvey as Ensign of the 3d Xcav Hampshire Eegt. 
Capt. Hutchings & Lieut. Thompson of the U. S. Eegt. came in. 

June oth Xothing material since Ens. M. Gaffrey came in to camp 
with about 30 soldiers from Xe^v Hampshire that Avere home on a 
furlough, but bring nothing new, only fine prospects of large crops 
of corn & fruit this year that Avay. 

6tii A fair & pleasant daj' but very warm. At 3 P. M. we were or- 
dered to attend divine service at 5 of this afternoon, When we had a 
discourse delivered from the llO'ii Psalm 36tii verse. Since our tarry 
here 5 or 600 horses have come in every day. This afternoon Capt. Cil- 
ley & Lieut. Mills come into camp. On the 3<i inst a general Court Mar- 
shall was called to try five men of this state from Morris County, for 
enticing some of the soldiers of this army to desert to the enemy, and 
promising to aid and abet them. They were found gruilty & are now 



MILITARY RECORD. 249 

under sentence of death. Their execution is delayed a few dajs. In 
the Goal in this town there are three persons under the sentence of 
death for murder, whose execution will be very soon. Drew money 
in the Reg't. for the month of INIay. 

Ttii A fine pleasant but warm day. In general orders, That his 
Excellency Gen. Sullivan is to review the army tomorrow. The troops 
to parade at 11 o'clock. At 11 the troops jjaraded. The Cols position 
was on the left. The band, a pick of IS, was on the right. At 12 M. 
The General came attended by his Officers. The two Brigades divided 
into Regfs and then sub divided into eight platoons, when the Gen- 
eral appeared on the right. The first Brigade presented arms to the 
officers. 

10 A rainy morning but a fine clear day. Mounted guard, & re- 
ceived Ensign Burnam, of the 2^ Regt. a good guard. 

11 A fair & pleasant daj'. Relieved by Ens. Buck of the Jersey 
troops. The Brigade mustered for the month of May. By order of 
Gen. Sullivan the troops have been turned out to practice several 
maneuvers. 

12 A fine pleasant day. The three prisoners that have been con- 
fined in Goal for a year for murder were executed at 11 A. M. This 
afternoon Col. Reed & Lieut. Robinson of the 2<i N. H. Regt. and Lieut, 
Leavitt of the .3<i came into Camp by whom I have received letters from 
many friends. In hourly expectation of having' orders to march from 
here. 

lotii A rainy morning. But Nothing known at 10 A. M. 

THE WAR OF 1812. 

"War was declared against England by our government, June 18, 
1812. This was brought about by the outrageous conduct of the 
English, whose emissaries were employed in exciting the Indians 
upon our western borders to commit atrocities ujDon our people, 
which kept the inhabitants upon the frontier in a state of alarm. 
The English also claimed the right to search American vessels and 
remove any sailors who might be English subjects. This atrocious 
and outrageous conduct in time of peace caused congress to declare 
war. 

In the summer of 1814 great fears were entertained that an attack 
was to be made upon Portsmouth, as many British men-of-war 
were constantly cruising near the coast in sight of the jDcople of 
that vicinity. At the call of the governor a large body of troops 
was detached from the various regiments of the state to defend 
the port from invasion. Later, the danger becoming more immi- 
nent, a draft was ordered and forty men Avent from Hampton Falls, 
who appear to have served from sometime in May until July 5, 



250 HISTORY OF HAMPTON FALLS. 

1814. The men called were from the infantry. Those who be- 
longed to the cavalry or troop, as it was called, were not included. 
This, and the various methods in use to evade military duty, will 
account for the absence of some names of men whom we might ex- 
l^ect to see. The adjutant-general's oflice does not contain the 
lists of those who were soldiers in this war. In various ways we 
have been able to get the names of thirty-five men who are known 
to have been from this town. As a numl)er of substitutes were 
sent, that would account for the other five. 

The removal of these men from their quiet homes to scenes of 
danger, and perhaps untimely deathj caused the hearts of some of 
the more timid men to palpitate with fear, and Cjueer experiences 
were related of some of our men. From some cause, the English 
ships did not conclude to ride in the safe harbor of Portsmouth, 
nor were their officers entertained by the fir.st families of the town. 
This decision greatly delighted our men, who soon returned to 
their homes. In after years these men related to their children 
and grandchildren their thrilling experiences, narrow escapes, and 
final deliverance from being destroyed by the inhabitants of '"'Pud- 
dle Dock." In their old age the government generously gave them 
a pension, which after their death was continued to their widows. 
At this time, January, 1898, there are said to be Ijut three pension- 
ers living who were soldiers in the war of 1812-14. But there are 
nearly three thousand widows of those soldiers drawing pensions. 
Who says republics are ungrateful after this ? Many of these women 
were not born when the war closed. 

It is to be regretted that we are unable to state to what command 
our men Avere assigned while in the service. Brigadier-General 
Montgomery was in general command of the forces which were at 
Portsmouth at that time. The following are the names of the men 
from Hampton Falls: 

Joseph Akerman "Washington Fifield 

Reuben Batehelder Aaron M. Gove 

Edward Bennett James Green 

Josiah Brown Jeremiah Godfrey 

Nathan Brown John Hardy 

Xathan W. Brown Green Hardy 

Sewell Brown David Janvrin 

David Chase Joshua Janvrin 

Joseph Clough Caleb Knight (Clerk) 

Richard Dodge Dearborn Lane 



MILITARY RECORD. 251 

Benson Leavitt Joseph Sanborn 

Jonathan Xason Levi Sanborn 

James Prescott John Smith 

Josiah Prescott Benjamin Tilton 

Joshua Pike Caleb Towle 

John Porter Chase Williams 

Henry Robie Walter Williams 
Aaron Sanborn 

THE ^YAB OF THE EEBELLIOX. 

The Civil War found Hampton Falls in much the same condi- 
tion as other towns. People generally did not realize the magni- 
tude of the contest Avhich was hefore them. It was thought by 
many that when the South found that the Xorth was in earnest 
for the preservation of the Union, they would desist in their mad 
attempt to destroy the government. 

During the year 1861, men enlisted freely from patriotic motives, 
and with no extra inducement, oftentimes thinking that there would 
be no fighting and that it would afford them a good opportunity 
to see the country. 

In 1862, when people began to realize the serious nature of the 
war, and the great cost in men and money which would be necessary 
to bring it to a successfid conclusion, men were not free to offer 
their services without some extra inducement. In August, 1862, 
the town voted a bounty of $300 to each man who would enlist for 
three years and be counted in filling the cpiota of the town. Our 
Quota was filled under all the calls made in 1862 by citizens of 
the town. 

In 1863 came the dark days of the war. Our armies had met 
with disaster and defeat. Enlistments had ceased. Men were not 
forthcoming and a draft was ordered. Sixteen men were drafted 
from this town. The draft took place on the 10th of August at 
the provost marshal's office in Portsmouth. By law, the drawing 
of the names must be made in the presence of a citizen of the town. 
John F. Shepherd of Hampton Falls was a clerk in the marshal's 
office. He was called in and witnessed the drawing of the follow- 
ing names: 

Samuel Batchelder * Ezra C. Fogg 

Chevey P. Chase * Hiram Hunt 

William A. Cram* Leslie C. Jones 

Charles Fogg* Henry H. Knight 



252 HISTORY OF HAMPTON FALLS. 

John M. Marshall John X. Sanborn* 

Thomas G. Moulton * John C. Sanborn 

Ephraim Mowe Enoch J. Tilton* 

Edwin Prescott* Peter G. Tilton 

Eight men only were wanted under this call. Those marked 
with a * were accepted. Samnel Batchelder was the only man 
drafted who went into the service. He became a member of Com- 
pany D, Fifth Eegiment, and served until the close of the war. 
William A. Cram was accepted and mustered in, but was aftem-ard 
excused by paying $300 commutation. The others, six in number, 
who were accepted put in substitutes. 

In 1864:, the quota of the town was filled by men who were im- 
ported for the j)urpose. They were bounty jumpers and men who 
would desert at the first opportunity. At this time the town paid 
a bounty of $300. The state also paid $300. If anything in excess 
of this was wanted, if not paid by individuals, it was paid by the 
town. A number of our citizens paid the excess and in this way 
sent substitutes, although not drafted. Those who did so were 
Moses E. Batchelder, Charles T. Brown, Josiah E. Brown, Warren 
Brown, Thomas L. Sanborn, Emmons B. Towle, and perhaps one 
or two others. The men who did this were exempt from future 
draft. The sending of this class of men to fill the quota of the 
town was an injustice to the old soldiers in the field who, as a rule, 
were respectable men, but were thus compelled to mess with the 
lowest and meanest criminals. 

Perhaps the character of the men sent in 1864 cannot be shown 
better than by quoting what was written by Gov. Walter Ilarriman 
in his history of Warner. He was colonel of the Eleventh Regi- 
ment, X. H. A'ohmteers. 

The town, state, and national bounties in 18G4 amounted to $1,000 or 
$1,200 per man and bounty-jumping became a business. A man would 
enlist from a certain town, take his bounty, desert, and under another 
name enlist for another town, and so continue enlisting and desert- 
ing to the end of the war. The South was visited, the great cities 
were hunted, and Canada was raked over for recruits. Even the doors 
of the jails and prisons were opened in certain cases and the inmates 
were granted immunity from punishment on enlisting as soldiers to 
vindicate the integrity of the government. Of such recruits 625 were 
sent to fill the depleted ranks of the Eleventh X. H. Eegiment, — but 
only 240 of them ever reached the reg-iment at all. 

The Xew Hampshire Adjutant General's Report for 1865 gives the 
names of 425 recruits who were enlisted in 1804 under the stimulus of 




CAPTAIN JOHN S. GODFREY. 
1827-1899. 

He was the only Regimental 2^^'"'^^""^^''^'' who was able to withdraw his entire train intact 

after the first battle of Buil Run. Afterward he was a mennber of 

MaJ.-Gen. Joe Hooker's staff. See pages 253 and 551, 



MILITARY RECORD. SfSS 

extravag-ant bounties; 300 of them deserted in less than two months', 
122 were not accounted for, two died, and one served his country. 

It will be seen by the list of men credited to this town that we 
had quite a number of the kind described above. During the war 
we find fifty-nine men credited to this town. 

"We give below the names of the men, the time when they were 
mustered into the service, the company and regiment to which they 
were assigned, and the time and manner of leaving the service. 

At the close of the war the war debt of Hampton Falls was 
nearly $18,000. This was raised on notes from individuals, and a 
few town bonds were issued in 1862. A year or two after the war 
closed the town received from the state bonds to the amount of 
$4,460, by way of equalization and towards the payment of its debt. 

We submit the following list: 

John S. Godfrey enlisted June 8, 1861, as assistant quartermaster, 
Second Eegiment; was promoted to be quartermaster October 31, 
same year. He was the first provost marshal of the district in 1863, 
having his office in Portsmouth. March 13, 1865, he was made 
brevet-major and lieutenant-colonel to date for faithful and meri- 
torious service in the quartermaster's department during the war. 

James H. Sanborn, Company I, Second Eegiment. Enlisted Au- 
gust 30, 1862; mustered out May 20, 1865. He was wounded se- 
verely at Gettysburg and Drury's Bluff. 

Benjamin Brown, Company D, Third Regiment. Enlisted Au- 
gust 23, 1861; mustered out July 20, 1865. 

Henry McDevitt, Company D, Third Regiment. Enlisted August 
23, 1861; mustered out May 8, 1865; wounded at Drury's Bluff in 
1864. 

Daniel E. Pervear, Company D, Third Regiment. Enlisted Au- 
gust 23, 1861; mustered out August 23, 1864, 

Samuel L. Pervear, Company D, Third Regiment. Enlisted 
August 23, 1861; m^ustered out July 20, 1865. 

John L. Green, Company D, Third Regiment. Enlisted August 
23, 1861; mustered out March 11, 1862. 

Stephen M. Towle, Company C, Sixth Regiment. Enlisted No- 
vember 27, 1861; died at Covington, Ky., November 22, 1863. 

Robert T. Morgan, Company C, Sixth Regiment. Enlisted No- 
vember 27, 1861; wounded at Bull Run August 29, 1862; died from 
wounds September 19, 1862, at Georgetown, D. C. 



254 HISTORY OF HAMPTON FALLS. 

Samuel H. Dearborn, Company I, Eleventh Regiment. Enlisted 
August 13, 1862; wounded at Fredericksburg December 13, 1863; 
discharged June 4, 1865. 

Charles W. Durgin, Company I, Eleventh Eegiment. Enlisted 
September 2, 1862; discharged June 16, 1865; wounded August 
11, 1864, near Petersburg, while on picket duty. 

Thomas E. Cushing, Company I, Eleventh Eegiment. Enlisted 
August 13, 1862; wounded December 13, 1862, at Fredericksburg; 
discharged June 13, 1863. 

Eobert H. Fisher, Company I, Eleventh Eegiment. Enlisted Au- 
gust 27, 1862; wounded December 13, 1862, at Fredericksburg; dis- 
charged August 21, 1863. 

Burnham E. Pervear, Company I, Eleventh Eegiment. Enlisted 
September 6, 1862; wounded December 13, 1862, at Fredericks- 
burg; discharged March 27, 1863. 

Sewell B. Pervear, Company I, Eleventh Eegiment. Enlisted 
September 2, 1862; discharged June 4, 1865. 

Sylvester 0. Pervear, Company I, Eleventh Eegiment. Enlisted 
September 6, 1862; wounded severely and lost an eye May 6, 1864; 
discharged June 24, 1865. 

John C. Kenniston, Company I, Eleventh Eegiment. Enlisted 
September 6, 1862; discharged June 4, 1865. 

Benjamin F. Marshall, First Company Heavy Artillery. Enlisted 
July 18, 1863; died from wound caused by accidental explosion of 
a shell, September 14, 1864, at Washington. 

George A. Janvrin, Company B, Twelfth Eegiment. Enlisted 
December 16, 1863; wounded at Cold Harbor, June 3, 1864; died 
at Washington, June 11, 1864. 

Samuel Batchelder, Company D, Fifth Eegiment. Drafted i\u- 
gust 10, 1863; wounded at Cold Harbor June 3, 1864; mustered 
out June 28, 1865. 

Joseph Warren, Company E, Thirteenth Eegiment. Enlisted 
September 19, 1862; mustered out September 19, 1863. 

John E. Williams, Company H, Fourteenth Eegiment. Enlisted 
August 22, 1864; wounded September 19, 1864, at Opequan, Va.; 
mustered out July ]4, 1865. 

Lewis T. Sanborn, Company E, First Eegiment SharjDshooters. 
Enlisted September 9, 1861; mustered out January 6, 1862. 

Frank P. Cram, Company E, First Eegiment Sharpshooters. En- 
listed September 9, 1861; mustered out March 19, 1864; re-enlisted 



MILITARY RECORD, 255 

in First Eegiment of Cavalry June 25, 186-1; mustered out July 15, 
1865. 

James C. Green, Company M, First Eegiment Volunteer Kew 
England Cavalry. Enlisted January 8, 1864; mustered out July 
15, 1865. 

William Brown, Company G-, Massachusetts Heavy Artillery. 
Enlisted July 19, 1861; mustered out September 3, 1865. 

Robert H. Butler, Company H, Sixtieth. Massachusetts Volunteer 
Militia, for 100 days. Enlisted July 15, 1864; mustered out Novem- 
ber 30, 1864. 

Walter N". Butler, Company H, Sixtieth Massachusetts Volun- 
teer Militia, for 100 days. Enlisted July 23, 1864; mustered out 
November 30, 1864. 

Almon R. Prescott, Navy. Enlisted April 23, 1862; mustered 
out April 22, 1865. 

David Creighton, Navy. Enlisted August 5, 1864; mustered out 
September 3, 1867. 

Cornelius Curran, Company F, Tenth Eegiment. Enlisted Sep- 
tember 7, 1862; deserted October 11, 1862. 

John F. Hall, Company I, Fifth Eegiment. Enlisted August 
10, 1863; mustered out July 8, 1865. 

John E. Johnson, Company E, Second Eegiment. Enlisted 
December 2, 1864; mustered out December 19, 1865. 

Michael McQuire, Company F, Fourth Eegiment. Enlisted De- 
cember 28, 1864; mustered out August 23, 1865. 

Thomas Burke, Company C, Fourth Eegiment. Enlisted Decem- 
ber 20, 1864; mustered out August 23, 1865. 

Daniel Harvey, Company I, Fourth Eegiment. Enlisted Decem- 
ber 28, 1864; deserted March 16, 1865. 

Eichard Corrigan, Company C, Tenth Eegiment. Enlisted Au- 
gust 10, 1863; wounded at Drury's Bluff May 16, 1864;. mustered 
out August 6, 1865. 

John Porter, Company K, Fifth Regiment. Enlisted August 25, 
1863; deserted December 3, 1863. 

Charles Crumpton, Company G, Tenth Eegiment. Enlisted Au- 
gust 10, 1863; mustered out July 12, 1865. 

John Porter, Company C, Tenth Eegiment. Enlisted August 
10, 1863; transferred to the Navy May 1, 1864; mustered out Au- 
gust 16, 1865. 

William E. Carter, Company I, Fifteenth Eegiment. Enlisted 
October 22, 1862; mustered out August 13, 1863. 



256 HISTORY OF HAMPTON FALLS. 

John Morse, Company D, First Eegiment New Hampshire Cav- 
alry. Enlisted July 19, 1864; deserted August 27, 1864. 

George Williams, unassigned. Enlisted July 30, 1864; deserted 
August 29, 1864. 

Charles H. King, United States Marine Corps. Enlisted August 
13, 1864; deserted August 23, 1864. 

Dennis Shea, Eorty-eighth Massachusetts Eegiment. Enlisted 
August, 1862; deserted soon after. 

Frank Miller, Company H, Eleventh Regiment. Enlisted Decem- 
her 13, 1863; wounded at Petersburg mine explosion, July 30, 1864; 
mustered out September 3, 1864. 

John H. West, Company K, Eleventh Regiment. Enlisted De- 
cember 16, 1863; mustered out July 17, 1865. 

Samuel P. West, Company K, Eleventh Regiment. Enlisted 
December 16, 1863; wounded at Spottsylvania, Va., May 12, 1864; 
died. May 20, 1864. 

Henry Miller, First Regiment Volunteer Cavalry. Enlisted July 
30, 1864; deserted August 30, 1864. 

John Morse, Company D, First Regiment Volunteer Cavalry. 
Enlisted July 29, 1864; deserted August 27, 1864. 

Frank Johnson, unassigned. Enlisted December 18, 1863; sup- 
posed to have deserted while en route for regiment. 

John Morrissy, Company Gr, Fifth Regiment. Enlisted Decem- 
ber 7, 1863; missing at Cold Harbor June 3, 1864. 

William Green, Company K, Eleventh Regiment. Enlisted 
December 18, 1863; mustered out July 17, 1865. 

James McKeil, Company D, Thirteenth Regiment; John M. Mc- 
Carty, Thirteenth Regiment; F. W. Cate, Fifteenth Regiment. 
There is no further record of these three men. 

George R. Briggs, Navy. Enlisted August 10, 1864; deserted 
September, 1864. 

Andrew Somers, Navy. Enlisted August 10, 1864; deserted Sep- 
tember 27, 1864. 

John R. Forrister, Company D, Fifth Regiment. Enlisted Au- 
gust 10, 1863; mustered out June 28, 1865. 

MEXICAN WAR. 

The Mexican War was fought principally by southern men. 
There were three men in the service from this immediate vicinity. 
Samuel George and James Janvrin of Seabrook and Stephen Dodge 



MILITARY RECORD. 257 

of this town. James Janvrin afterwards lived in this town for many 
years and died in 1881. Samuel George was a soldier in the War 
of the Eebellion from Seabrook. He died at the Soldiers' Home, 
Tilton, in 1896. 

MILITIA. 

At the beginning of the Eevolutionary War there were two 
classes of soldiers besides those enlisted to serve in the continental 
armies, viz.: A trained band which consisted of all able-bodied per- 
sons in the state from sixteen to jEifty years of age, and the alarm 
list, which was made up of all males between sixteen and sixty-five 
years of age. These were liable to be called out when an alarm 
was given by firing three guns rapidly, one after another. 

In 1792, the militia was organized into twenty-seven regiments, 
six brigades, and three divisions. A regiment was composed of 
two battalions commanded by a lieutenant-colonel. This town was 
a part of the third regiment. The first battalion consisted of 
North Hampton, Hampton, and Hampton Falls; the second of Sea- 
brook, Kensington, and South Hampton; the third regiment be- 
longed to the first division and First Brigade. 

In 1805 company inspection was established for the last Wednes- 
day in June, annually (afterward changed to May), and again in 
the month of August or September. By the law of 1818 all able- 
bodied males between the ages of eighteen and forty were required 
to do military duty three times each year, viz., in May and Septem- 
ber and at the general muster of the regiment. The men between 
forty and forty-five years of age were required to exhibit their mus- 
kets and other equipments to the officers of companies on the first 
Tuesday in May, but not required to perform any other military 
duties. According to law the display of the equipments could be 
made by proxy, and often a boy was employed to do that service. 

The law provided that all officers of a regiment who had served 
six years should become exempt from further military duty, and 
although it was thought to be a great honor to hold a commission, 
to many the performing of military duty was irksome, and these 
positions were sought for the purpose of obtaining an early discharge 
from all military obligations. 

The following form of notice was left at the dwelling-houses of 
those who were liable to do military duty: 



258 HISTORY OF HAMPTON FALLS. 

N, H. Militia — Company Orders! 

You being duly enrolled as a Soldier in the 2d company of Infantry, at- 
tached to the 3d. Regiment, N. H. Militia, are hereby notified and warned to 
appear at or near the North Meeting House in Hampton- Falls, on TUES- 
DAY the ISlh day of May, A. D., 1847, at 1 o'clock P. M., armed and 
equipped as the law directs, for military duty and inspection, and there wait 
further orders. 

By order of the Commanding Officer. 

^Jic^yf^ '^ A^ytn'J^^ Sergeant. 

Harnplon-F:\Hs, May 10, 1847. 

In some places quite a crowd would be in attendance at the May 
and September trainings, which were called "little trainings." 
Those for the company not in uniform were held on the common 
near the church which stood where G. C. Healey's house now stands. 
After the common was sold it was the custom to form and drill in the 
road in front of the Unitarian church. Those men who belonged to 
the uniformed companies attended the "little trainings" in the town 
where the majority of the company lived. Our men belonging 
usually went to Hampton. 

The powder, extra flints, and all ammunition needed was kept in 
the loft of the old meeting-house, quite a quantity of which was 
sold at auction when the house was torn down. 

The majority of those who did military duty in this tovm be- 
longed to the ununiformed company of infantry, no two men being 
alike in dress, accouterments, or arms. Xo pride was taken in 
making a good appearance and often there were attempts on the 
part of some individuals to make themselves and the whole thing 
ridiculous and disgraceful. This company was in this section 
called the "Old Salt Hay." In other places it went by the names 
of "Driftwood," "String Bean," and "Slam-Bang," and other pet 
names not intended to inspire respect. 

In 1827 the rifle company was formed in Hampton. They were 
handsomely uniformed and armed with rifles. The rifle company 
remained in existence until military musters were done away with. 
It was the choice company of the third regiment in personnel 
and appearance. A number of men from Hampton Falls were mem- 



MILITARY RECORD. 259 

bers of this company. Besides the Hampton Eifles were a com- 
pany called the Sonth Hampton Eifles, composed of men from that 
town, a company of artillery, who were mostly from Hampton and 
North Hampton, also a company of cavalry from the several towns 
which was called the "Troop." 

At first the gunhonse where the cannon was kept was on the com- 
mon between the schoolhonse and the highway leading to Exeter, 
the town having deeded land enough to the state to set the house 
upon. Afterward the gun was removed and kept at Hampton. 
The first was a three-pound gun; the later was a six-pounder and 
made of brass. At the beginning of the late war it was taken by 
the state and used in actual service. 

From its central location, the regimental mustier, or "great 
training," as it was called, was usually held in Hampton Falls. At 
one time it was held on the Dodge pasture, south of the hill school- 
house, the companies forming upon the common and marching 
from there to the muster-field; the common which was set apart 
for this purpose having been dug up and left in a condition which 
made it unfit to be used for the purpose for which it was originally 
designed. A number ,of times the muster was held upon the 
Toppan pasture, opposite the house where Arthur Chase now lives. 
Sometimes it has been held on the west side of the turnpike, back 
of where the Scotch settlement now is, and once near Gen. C. A. 
Nason's house. In the later years it was held upon the Brimner 
pasture, so called, near where Joseph Brown now lives. 

The regimental muster was the great event of the year. This 
was before the days of cattle shows, camp meetings, and reunions 
of various kinds which are now so common and so numerous as to 
occupy nearly the entire month of September. The muster was 
made to take the place which all these gatherings now occupy. 
The training was anticipated and looked forward to with a great 
deal of interest by both old and young as a day of pleasure and 
enjoyment. The boys carefully saved their money for weeks before 
to use upon that day, which was the great holiday of the year. 

Early in the day the soldiers which compose the various com- 
panies began to assemble. Some of those who lived at a distance 
were compelled to take an early start, the drum and fife calling 
the companies to assemble without deiay. The corporals and 
sergeants soon bring order out of chaos and each man finds his 
proper position. The adjutant, who is mounted, escorts each com- 



■260 HISTORY OF HAMPTON FALLS. 

pany to its place in regimental line, the troop or cavalry on the ex- 
treme right, then the artillery, next the uniformed companies of 
infantry, then the companies of unimiformed infantry. 

The regiment is formed in two parallel lines. The colonel and 
the other field officers take their positions in front. Then the 
adjutant gives the order, "Present arms." The infantry companies 
obey the order, and the colonel takes command of the regiment. 
The regimental standard is then escorted to the field by a company 
of infantry under the direction of the adjutant, after which the 
regiment is formed into a hollow square. The chaplain appears 
upon horseback and offers an appropriate prayer. The regiment 
is then brought again into line and various military exercises are 
performed under the direction of the colonel. 

At about 10 o'clock the regiment is broken into companies for 
inspection. All the field officers dismount, and the boys are lucky 
who get a chance to take care of the horses while the inspection is 
in progress. The shillings and quarters which they receive for 
this service are found to be convenient to pay for candy, ginger- 
bread, and other things which they like to takd home. 

The brigade or division inspector, acompanied by an aid-de- 
camp, appears upon the field, mounted, and proceeds at once to 
make a thorough inspection of the arms and equipments of the regi- 
ment, beginning with the cavalry. He first rides around the com- 
pany and then critically examines every sword, pistol, and all the 
other equipments, one by one, and if any imperfections are discov- 
ered the aid-de-camp notes them in a book which he carries for the 
purpose, and the delinquent is doomed to pay a fine. After com- 
pleting the inspection of this arm of the service, the inspector and 
his aid dismount and next inspect the artillery. When the old 
cannon and all the old sabers and other accouterments of the mem- 
bers of the company have been examined, the various infantry 
companies are attended to. The privates stand in ranks a few feet 
apart, with their ramrods inserted loosely in the barrels of their 
guns. The inspector with great formality seizes each musket as 
it is presented to him and shakes it up and down vigorously to 
ascertain by the jingle which follows whether the barrel is clean 
or foul, and whether there is any ramrod at all. There were no 
breech-loaders in those days and the percussion cap had not been 
invented. 

Every infantry man was required to furnish himself with a flint- 
lock musket, two spare flints, a priming wire and brush, the latter 



MILITARY RECORD, 261 

being necessary in case the aperture which connects the powder 
in the pan of the lock and the charge in the barrel became foul and 
obstructed. The guns which were known as kings' and queens' 
arms, with an occasional French gun, were the kinds commonly used, 
to which bayonets were attached. If the inspector succeeds in cock- 
ing the musket of ancient days, and in springing its lock without 
difficulty, no fault is found with it no matter how old or rusty it 
may have become. Many of the inspectors of those days after ex- 
amining a musket often returned it wdth a stiff arm and a sudden 
horizontal Jerk which was liable to knock the owner down unless he 
was well on his guard. 

At the close of an examination of a company some inspectors 
made an address to the captain, in the course of which they gave 
some account of their investigations. Sometimes they criticised 
severely, and sometimes praised without stint. In most cases they 
pointed out a very few imperfections, but were very careful to give 
credit where it was due. The following is a specimen of an ad- 
dress by an inspecting officer, made to the captain of each company: 

Capt. Jones, I have very carefully inspected your company and am 
happy in being able to state, that with a very few slight exceptions, 
I have found that it is in excellent' condition. Your companj", sir, is 
an honor to the regiment and the State of New Hampshire. I sin- 
cerely hope and trust, sir, that all imperfections and deficiencies will 
be remedied before our next annual inspection. 

Then, after making a very profound bow to the captain, the elo- 
quent official turns upon his heels with military precision and 
marches off with a majestic air to perform like service for another 
company, the scabbard of his sword dangling against his boots and 
spurs. 

After the inspection the regiment is placed in readiness for a 
grand review. The brigadier or major-general and all the members 
of his staff, superbly mounted, appear upon the gTounds and ride 
at a moderate pace around the regiment, which is formed in two 
parallel lines or battalions. The general, as he passes up and down 
the lines, carefully notes the appearance and bearing of the several 
companies. After performing this duty, the reviewing officers take 
a position opposite the center of the regiment, the general being 
posted three paces in advance of his subordinate officers. 

When the review was about to take place at the musters, sixty 
years or more ago, all the bands of the several companies were con- 



262 HISTORY OF HAMPTON FALLS. 

solidated into one regimental band, under the direction of the drum- 
major. 

Previous to 1820, the fife and the hass and tenor, or snare, drums 
were the principal instruments in use to make music at trainings. 
The eight or ten fifes and as many bass and snare drums in the 
hands of enthusiastic performers must have made a great deal of 
racket, if not the most charming music. 

As the regiment, with the band at its head, marched before the 
general, each officer, as he passed, saluted him by bringing his sword 
in front, with the hilt on a level with his face, then bringing it to 
his right and extending it outward at an angle of forty-five degrees 
with the point nearly touching the ground, next by bringing it 
again in front, then to its place at the shoulder. 

One of the attractive features of the muster was the splendid ap- 
pearance of the general and the members of his staff in their gay 
uniforms, which consisted of fine dark blue broadcloth coats 
trimmed with gold lace, buff breeches and vests, high-top boots, gold 
epaulets, and black beaver cocked hats with plumes of black ostrich 
feathers. 

Their horses, which were the handsomest and most spirited that 
could be found in the region, were furnished with highly orna- 
mental bridles, breastplates, martingales, and saddles with leopard- 
skin housings. The uniforms of the regimental and brigade officers 
cost quite a sum of money, and there were some men who aspired 
to high military honors who could ill afford to make the outlay, 
and so it became a custom with men of this class to hire uniforms 
and horse equipments of officers who were able to own them. 

The uniform of a colonel or a brigade staff officer which had been 
worn at a muster in one locality was very easily transported a dozen 
or more miles for the use of an officer at a muster of another regiment 
a few days later. When the officer who hired a uniform was some- 
where near the size of the owner, the economical scheme to shine in 
borrowed plumage worked well, but there were times when it could 
be seen at a glance that the clothes were not made for the wearer. 

While the inspectors were progressing with their work the officers 
and privates were presented with the sum of thirty-five cents, by 
the selectmen of the towns to which they belonged, to purchase for 
themselves a dinner. At a later date the sum was increased to fifty 
cents. Each of the uniformed companies generally dined together 
and were feasted with roast beef, plum pudding, mince and apple 
pies with all the trimmings. 



MILITARY RECORD. 



263 



Before the temperance reform was inaugurated, nearly all took 
a glass of good old West India or New England rum before tliey sat 
down to dinner. The general and his staff and the regimental offi- 
cers sometimes dined together at a tavern or at the residence of some 
prominent citizen. 

The old-time musters were sure to attract a large number of ped- 
dlers of all sorts of goods, such as hats, jewelry, cutlery, patent 
medicines, books, pictures, etc., but none of the enterprising traders 
were better patronized than the venders of candy, gingerbread, and 
other sweetmeats, some of which was generally carried home to the 
children who were too small to go to the training. The ginger- 
bread sold at that time appears to have been different from that sold 
at present. Some of these peddlers sold their goods at auction, and 
their funny stories and comic songs greatly entertained the listen- 
ers. The things sold were cheap and often worthless articles. 
Many will remember Jacob Bartlett of Haverhill, who used to visit 
our muster and sell at auction and entertain the crowd in various 
ways. The writer, who saw him performing on the muster-field 
for the first time in not a very reverential manner, was greatly 
astonished a short time after to find him preaching in the Christian 
chapel on the Sabbath. The amount of capital, moral and intel- 
lectual, necessary for a ranting preacher is very small. 

There was always a greater or less variety of shows at the muster. 
Sometimes a bear, a couple of wildcats, or a live rattlesnake could 
be seen for a few cents. Pugilists and wrestlers were generally on 
hand to try their luck and skill with others of the same character 
from other localities. There were men who danced on a platform, 
or on boards laid upon the ground, which attracted a crowd. These 
men obtained their revenue by "passing the hat." Gamblers and 
those who sold liquor were always in. attendance. In 1837, the 
selectmen of Hampton Falls granted three licenses to sell spirit- 
uous liquors upon the training field. Public sentiment later did 
not countenance the open sale of liquor on these occasions, yet it 
was sold, more or less openly, as long as the muster continued. Mr. 
Brimner would not allow gambling or liquor selling upon his land 
when the muster was held there. Some of the adjoining land 
owners were not so scrupulous, and gambling and liquor selling 
were in full blast in a neighboring field and always attended with an 
outbreak and serious trouble at some time during the day. 

In 1844, when the last muster was held on the Dodge pasture, 
near the schoolhouse, a man who was selling liquor was arrested 



204 HISTORY OF HAMPTON FALLS. 

and taken to the house of Thayer S. Sanborn, where he was de- 
tained in the care of a keeper. His friends and other kindred 
spirits surrounded the house and demanded his release or they 
would demolish the house. Things became serious. The rifle 
company was detailed to guard the house and keep the rioters in 
check. The selection of the rifle company for this purpose was 
not a judicious one, as their arms were not provided with bayonets 
and from this cause they were at a disadvantage in defending them- 
selves. They were jostled and pushed about in a very uncere- 
monious manner by the rioters, nothing of a military nature being 
visible except the uniforms, which were not treated with respect. 

This was continued until the Seabrook unimiformed infantry, 
150 strong, commanded by Capt. John M. Weare and John Plum- 
mer Dow, came along the road. This company either in drill or 
dress did not bear much resemblance to the Eoman army as de- 
scribed by Josephus, but they had determination in their walk and 
blood in their eyes. The rioters began jostling and pushing them 
as they had done the rifle company. The Seabrook men were 
ordered to fire upon them, which they did at short range with 
blank cartridges. Many of the rioters were badly burned, some of 
them receiving marks which they carried ever after. This contin- 
ued for a few minutes, when the crowd became possessed with the 
idea that the Seabrook men were men of blood, and killing men was 
a mere pastime with them. With this ujipermost in their minds 
they ran down the road. In attempting to get on to a stage coach 
near Charles Gove's shop, so many in their haste got up on one 
side that it was overturned. 

While the crowd was around Mr. Sanborn's house Dr. Sewell 
Brown, who was adjutant of the regiment, wished to go into the 
house. He entered the chamber window by climbing up on the 
outside without a ladder or an}i:hing of the kind to aid him, which 
was viewed with astonishment by the crowd. 

In 1840 the legislature passed an act exempting persons who 
had conscientious scruples against bearing arms, from military 
duty, and also those between forty and -forty-five. The military 
spirit, so far as holding musters was concerned, had abated. Many 
considered them, as conducted, immoral and disgraceful, and pro- 
ductive only of evil. In 1846 the representative from this town 
was instructed by a vote to use his best endeavor to abolish military 
musters in this state. The iDerformance of military duty had 



MILITARY RECORD. 265 

become irksome to many, and all kinds of ruses were adopted to 
avoid it. In 1849 a number did not appear when warned, and the 
captain and orderly spent one or two days in unsnceessful attempts 
to arrest them. 

In 1850 the legislature passed a law abolishing all parade duty, 
inspections, and reviews of all companies not raised by volunteer 
enlistments, and provided that uniformed companies might remain 
organized or Ijecome organized by the enlistment of persons who 
were of eighteen years and upwards of age. It was further enacted 
that instead of regimental reviews and inspections the several briga- 
dier-generals, subject to orders of the. division-general, might order 
out their brigades for inspection and review. 

In 1851 the legislature passed a law in effect that the militia of 
the state should not be required to perform any active duty except 
in case of war or insurrection. 

The last military muster ever held in this town was a brigade 
muster, held Wednesday, September 18, 1850, which fully main- 
tained the exciting features of its predecessors. We are fortunate 
in being able to give an account which was written at the time by a 
correspondent who was on the ground and an eyewitness to the 
proceedings. 

The First Brigade, First Division of New Hampshire Volunteers, 
mustered last Wednesday at Hampton Falls near Seabrook under com- 
mand of Brigadier General Nason. It was the first brigade muster 
that has been holden in this vicinitj^ for many years, and it was com- 
posed entirely of uniformed companies. It of course drew together 
a large multitude of spectators, together with a very considerable 
force of gamblers and their associates. Thirteen companies and seven 
bands were on the field. Of the former the Rockingham Guards of 
Portsmouth under the command of Capt. Beck, and the Portsmouth 
Greys commanded by Capt. Geo. W. Towle, were deservedly regarded 
with admiration by all present. The Exeter Light Guards under Capt. 
Tuck, and the Eifle Guards under Capt. Gordon, were present with 
nearly full ranks, and their appearance was in every respect soldier- 
like and highly creditable. Indeed, all the companies looked well, 
much better than we had expected to see them. Better, we venture 
to say, as a whole than any brigade ever appeared before in New 
Hampshire, and to speak of any company as being superior in many 
points would seem unjust to the remainder. The ordinary evolutions 
on a muster field are far too stifE and methodical to afford much oppor- 
tunity for the display of the merits of any particular company, but 
an unpracticed eye can easily discover even in going through the sim- 
plest exercises the difference between a Tvell drilled and poorly drilled 
soldier. 



266 HISTORY OF HAMPTON FALLS. 

The company of cavalry belonging to the third] regiment and com- 
manded hj Capt. Wadleigh aj)peared in its usual fine style and high 
spirits. 

The Granite Brass Band of Exeter played with its usual skill and 
good taste and contributed its full quota to not the least entertaining 
portion of the proceedings. We noticed also the Atkinson Band, num- 
bering seventeen instruments, as looking very finely and playing well. 
Other bands whose names we did not learn were very efficient in dis- 
coursing sweet music, and much admired by connoisseurs. Owing 
to some misunderstanding in the arrangement of the companies, the 
nature of which we did not care to learn, the brigade did not arrive on 
the field until about eleven o'clock, and through still worse misman- 
agement, they were not reviewed until after 4 p. M. These facts, 
together with the assembling of the brigade at the extreme corner of 
the limits of the division, much to the dissatisfaction of a large por- 
tion of the officers and soldiers, convinced us that if the commanding 
officer understood the duties which devolved upon his position he was 
very remiss in performing them. 

We believe it is only the volunteer militia sj^stem that can com- 
mand any degree of popularity or respect in Xew Hampshire. When 
a muster' fails to give general satisfaction to the soldiers themselves, 
and those soldiers all volunteers, who merely do duty for the fun of 
the thing we are pretty sure the fault must rest with the commanding 
officers. 

There surely never was a better looking body of soldiers thah w^ere 
paraded at Hampton Falls, and we know that they, and the officers 
generally, many of whom are really skillful in military m.atters, were 
extremely desirous of making an appearance which should be credit- 
able to themselves and the First Division. 

If any man thinks to hold a high military commission, under the 
present system, without the necessary qualifications, or making an 
effort to acquire them, he will not only injure himself, and drag better 
men down, but will find that the title appended to his name is neither 
useful or ornamental. 

The field as at all other musters was fringed with numerous tents, 
dealing out all sorts and qualities of refreshments, while the "tents 
of the wicked," the temporary gambling hells, were in an adjoining 
field and we regret to say appeared to be very largely patronized. We 
saw no drinking but sundry casks and decanters which we observed 
in different tents had a very suspicious look and two or three men 
whom we saw extended under the fences in different quarters of the 
field had evidently been struck Ijij a (/rape vine. Peddlers of all descrip- 
tion hawked their w^ares, some valuable, but mostly worthless, with 
keen wit mingled with stale jokes. 

Toward the close of the day the mob made a rush on the gambling 
quarters and in the twinkling of an eye the tables of the money 
cangers and the poles of their tents were scattered to the four winds. 
Two or three of the boj-s attempted to stand their ground, and battle 



MILITARY RECORD. 267 

the whirlwind. Quite a number were accommodated with sore heads 
and sundry other uncomfortable bruises. One poor fellow, a black 
legf, as we learned, had a fence rail broken upon his head, and another 
blow flattened his nose quite up to his skull. He had sense enough to 
flee for his life and sought protection in the lines. Here the mob, sev- 
eral hundred strong, pursued him so fiercely as to break the order of 
the lines, and they were only kept at a proper distance by charging 
upon them, with fixed bayonets, which proved a decidedly "direct 
argument." We believe that the report that the man has since died 
of his wounds is incorrect. 

We have only time for an additional remark. While the baser pas- 
sions were roused, and life was in jeopardy, we could not help asking 
ourselves who is responsible for these disgraceful proceedings. The 
miltary were performing the duties required of them by the law, 
peacefully and quietly, when the mob rushed in upon their lines. Cer- 
tain it is if there had been no gambling there would have been no riot. 

Colonel Benjamin Shaw commanded the third regiment in 
1808. In 1812 Thomas Lovering was lieutenant-colonel, John 
Dearborn was major of the tirst battalion, and Merrill Flanders 
major of the second battalion. 

In 1823, the officers were, colonel, Jacob JSToyes; lieutenant-colo- 
nel, John Taylor, Jr.; major, Abel Brown; adjutant, Xathan Mer- 
rill. In 1836, they were, colonel, John Gale; lieutenant-colonel, 
Aaron Prescott; major, Rufus Dow. Brigade officers in 1836 were, 
brigadier-general, John Lock, Seabrook; aid-de-camp, Reuben 
Peaslee, Plaistow; inspector, James Lock, Seabrook; quartermaster, 
George H. Dodge, Hampton Falls; judge advocate, William Tenney, 
Newmarket. Regimental officers in 18-11: were, colonel, John T. 
Blake, Kensington; lieutenant-colonel, Jeremiah Poor, Kensington; 
major, Horatio D. Hobbs, North Hampton; adjutant, Sewell Brown, 
Seabrook; quartermaster, James M. Goodwin, South Hampton. In 
1850 they were, colonel, John M. Weare, Seabrook; lieutenant-colo- 
nel, David C. Marston, Hampton; major, Benjamin F. Hill; adju- 
tant, George A. Chase; quartermaster, Stephen A. Brown. 

Brigade officers in 1850 were, brigadier-general, Charles A. 
Nason, of Hampton Falls; inspector, John N. Brown; quartermas- 
ter, Franklin Brown; aid-de-camp, William B. Small; drill master, 
A. L Hill. 



DISTINGUISHED GUESTS. 



WASHIXGTOX'S VISIT TO THIS VICINITY. 

Washixgtox was inaiignrated president on the 30th da}^ of April, 
1789, and soon after attended the first session of congress at New 
York, which closed on the 29th of September. A few days after 
its close, attended only by his two private secretaries and servants, 
he left New York on a tonr throngh Connecticut and Massachusetts 
to New Hampshire. In nine days he reached Boston and seven 
days after he arrived in Portsmouth, which was the eastern ter- 
mination of his tour. 

Washington came to Newburyport over Parker river bridge, Fri- 
day, October 30, 1789. He left his carriage at the upper green and 
mounted his favorite white horse. From here he was escorted by 
the artillery and militia to Newburypori;, where he received an ad- 
dress of welcome ■v^ritten by John Quincy Adams, afterward pres- 
ident of the United States, but at that time a law student in the 
office of Theophilus Parsons. He was received and entertained by 
the people of Newburyport in a manner which was in keeping with 
one in his exalted station. He passed the night at the Tracy House. 

The following is from Washington's diary, first printed and made 
public about 1858: 

Oct. SOtti At this place (Ipswich) I was met by Mr. Dalton and some 
other gentlemen from Newburyport, partook of a cold collation, and 
proceeded on to the last mentioned place "where I was received with 
much respect and parade about 4 o'clock. In the evening there were 
rockets and some other fireworks, and every demonstration to wel- 
come me to the Town. The place is pleasantly situated upon Mer- 
rimack River, and appears to have carried on (here and above) the 
ship building business to a great extent. The niunber of souls is esti- 
mated at 5000. 

Saturday Oct. 31st 1739. Left Newburyport a littld after eight 
o'clock (first breakfasting with Mr. Dalton) and to avoid a wider 
ferry, more inconvenient boats, and a piece of heavy sand, we crossed 

268 



DISTINGUISHED GUESTS. 269 

the river at Salisbury, two miles above and near that further about, 
and in three miles came to the line which divides the State of Massa- 
chusetts from that of New Hampshire. Here I took leave of Mr. Dal- 
ton and many other private gentlemen, also of Gen. Titcomb, who had 
met me on the line between Middlesex and Essex Counties, corps of 
lig-ht horse and many oflicers of militia, and was received by the Presi- 
dent of the State of New Hampshire, the Vice President, some of the 
Council, Messrs. Langdon & Wingate of the Senate, Col. Parker, Mar- 
shal of the State, and many other respectable characters. Besides 
several troops of well clothed horse in handsome uniforms, and many 
officers of the militia, also in handsome red and white uniforms of the 
manufactures of the State. With this cavalcade we proceeded and 
arrived before three o'clock at Portsmouth, where we were received 
with every token of respect and appearance of cordiality, under a dis- 
charge of artillery. The streets, doors, and windows were crowded 
as at all other places, and alighting at the town house, odes were 
sung and played in honor of the President. The same happened yes- 
terday at my entrance at Newburyport, being stopped at my entrance 
to hear it. From the Town House I went to Col. Brewster's tavern, 
the place provided for my residence, and asked the President, Vice 
President, and two Senators, the Marshal, and Major Gilman to dine 
with me, which they did, after which I drank tea at Mr. Langdon's. 

Sab. Nov 1st Attended by the President of the State (General Sul- 
livan), Mr. Langdon, and the Marshal, I went in the forenoon to the 
Episcopal church under the incumbency of Mr. Ogden, and in the 
afternoon to one of the Presbyterian or Congregational Churches, in 
which a Mr. Buckminster preached. Dined at home with the Mar- 
shal, and spent the afternoon in my own room writing letters. 

Monday 2d Having made previous preparations for it, about eight 
o'clock, attended by the President, Mr. Langdon, and some other gen- 
tlemen, I went in a boat to visit the harbor of Portsmouth, which is 
well secured ag-ainst all winds, and frona its narrow entrance from 
the sea, and passage up to the town, may be perfectly guarded against 
any approach by water. The anchorage is good, and the shipping may 
lay close to the docks, etc., when at the town. In my way to the 
moiith of the harbor, I stopped at a place called Kittery in the Prov- 
ince of Maine, the river Piscataqua being the boundary between New 
Hampshire and it. From hence I went by the old Fort (formerly built 
while under the English government) on an island which is at the 
entrance of the harbor, and where the lighthouse stands. As we 
passed this Fort we were saluted by thirteen guns. Having lines 
we proceeded to tht fishing banks, a little without the harbor, and 
fished for cod, tout it not being of projjer time of tide, we only caught 
two, \yith which, about ten o'clock, we returned to town. Dined at 
Col. Langdon's and drank tea there, with a large circle of ladies, 
and retired a little after seven o'clock. Before dinner I received an 
address from the town, presented by the Vice President, and returned 
an answer in the evening, to one I had received from Marblehead, and 
18 



270 HISTORY OF HAMPTON FALLS. 

another from the Presbyterian Clergy- of the State of Massachusetts 
and Xew Hampshire, delivered at Newburyport,— both of which I had 
been unable to ansA\ er before. 

Tuesday 3d Sat two hours in the forenoon for a Mr. painter 

of Boston, at the earnest reqiiest of Mr. Brick of that place, who wrote 
]\Iajor Jackson that it was an earnest desire of many of the inhab- 
itants of that town that he might be indulged. After this sitting I 
called upon President Sullivan and the mother of Mr. Lear, and having 
walked through most parts of the town returned by twelve o'clock, 
when I was visited by a clergyman of the name of Haven, who pre- 
sented me with an ear and part of the stock of the dyeing corn, and 
several small pieces of cloth which had been dyed with it, equal to 
anj' colors I had ever seen, and of various hues of the same color. 
About two o'clock I received an address from the Executive of the 
State of New Hampshire, and in half an hour after dined with them 
and a large company, at their Assembly room, which is one of the best 
I have seen anywhere in the United States 

At half after seven I went to the Assembly, where there were about 
seventj-'five well dressed and manj- very handsome ladies. Among them 
(as was the case at the Salem and Boston assemblies) were a greater 
proportion with much blacker hair than are usually seen in the 
Southern States. About nine I returned to my quarters. Portsmouth, 
it is said, contains about five thousand inhabitants. There are some 
good houses (among which Col. Langdon's may be esteemed the first) 
but in general they are indifferent, and almost entirely of wood. 
On wondering at this as the country is full of stone and good elaj^ for 
bricks, I was told that on account of fogs and damp thej' deemed them 
wholesomer, and for that reason jireferred wood buildings. Lumber, 
fish, and potash, with some provisions, compose the principal articles 
of export. Ship building here and at Xewburj^port has been carried 
on to a considerable extent; during- and for some time after the war 
there was an entire stagnation to it, but it is beginning to revive again. 

Wednesday Nov. i^'^ About half past seven I left Portsmouth quietly 
and without anj^ attendants, having earnestly entreated that all jjarade 
and ceremony might be avoided on my return. Before ten I reached 
Exeter, fourteen miles distance. This is considered the second town 
in New Hampshire, and stands at the head of tide water of Piscat- 
aqua river, but ships of three or four hundred tons are built at it. 
Above (but in the same to^vn) are considerable falls which supply 
several grist mills, a slitting mill, and a snufl: mill. It is a place of 
some consequence but does not contain more than one thousand in- 
habitants. A jealousy subsists between this town (where the Legis- 
lature alternately sits) and Portsmouth, which, had I known it in 
time, would have made it necessary to have accepted an invitation to 
a public dinner, but my arrangements having been otherwise made 
I could not. From Exeter passing through Kingston six miles from 
Exeter I arrived at Haverhill about half past two. The lands over 
■which I traveled today are pretty much mixed, in places, with stone, 



DISTINGUISHED GUESTS. 271 

and the growth with pines, till I came near to Haverhill, where they 
disappeared and the land had a more fertile appearance. 

We have given Washington's diary, kept by himself from the time 
he entered the state until he left it, to show just where he went 
and how his time was occupied while in the state. There have 
been many stories told of places visited and things done while in 
this state, which any one reading this diary can see at once must 
have been impossible, as his whole time is accounted for. 

When leaving Xewburyport Washington crossed the Merrimack 
river at Amesbury ferry in a boat which had been specially fitted for 
the purpose, thence across the Powwow river through Salisbury 
point, over Eocky hill, to the New Hampshire line. 

Washington makes no mention of Hampton Falls or Hampton in 
his diary. My grandfather, who was present, told me that the party 
halted for a short time at Hampton Falls, but where we are unable 
to say. It was probably near the AVells tavern and not at the 
Weare house as many have supposed. Governor Weare had at this 
time been dead thi-ee years. Washington was mounted upon his 
horse. It was not his custom to shake hands indiscriminately with 
the crowd as do public men at the present time, but he made it a 
point to shake hands with those who had been soldiers in tlie Eev- 
olutionary War. A number shook hands with him here, and they 
were probably soldiers from this town and vicinity. When passing 
through Hampton a crowd had gathered at Toppan's corner, to 
whom he bowed pleasantly to the right and left. He left his car- 
riage at Greenland and rode into Portsmouth upon his favorite 
white horse. He stopped a short time in Exeter and partook of a 
collation at the house of Colonel Folsom. 

Washington took command at Cambridge July 2, 1775. There 
is a well authenticated tradition that about this time he came to 
Hampton Falls to consult with Governor Weare and remained over 
night at his house. 

VISITS OF MARQUIS LAFAYETTE AND PEESIDEXT 

MOXEOE. 

August 31, 1821, the Marquis Lafayette passed through Xew- 
bury and ^NTewburyport. He arrived late in the evening in the 
midst of a heavy shower, where great preparations had been 
made to welcome the illustrious guest. The next day thousanda 



272 HISTORY OF HAMPTON FALLS. 

went to see him and were glad to see and grasp the hand of 
the man with whose name and history many of them had been 
so long familiar. A day or two after, he passed through Hampton 
Falls on his way east and halted here and many of our people went 
to see him. He is said to have visited the Weare house and to have 
spent some little time there. 

July 12, 1817, James Monroe, president of the United States, 
passed through Newbury and Newburyport. He was received with 
all the marks of respect and honor due to his personal worth, as 
well as to his exalted station. At Amesbury he spent considerable 
time in inspecting the two mills and examining the goods manu- 
factured, and was much interested in ship building. He came to 
Hampton Falls and was much pleased to meet Major Joseph Dow, 
whom he had known in the Eevolutionary army. Major Dow 
greeted him with a characteristic speech, reminding him that he 
was once Monroe's superior of&cer, but that now things were differ- 
ent. Monroe was said to have anticipated a great deal of pleasure 
in meeting Major Dow, who was something of a wag. 




RESIDENCE OF WARREN BROWN. 



CHECK-LIST, 1814, 



The following is a list of the 
by law to vote in town meeting 
officers, etc., in 181-i: 

Jacob Abbott 
Nathan Adams 
Joseph Akerman 
Luke Averill 
John Brown 
John Brown, Jr. 
John Brown, 3<i 
Levi Brown 
Noah Brown 
Zephaniah Brown 
Jacob Brown 
William Brown 
Benjamin Brown 
Lowell Brown 
Nathan Brown 
Josiah Brown 
Reuben Batchelder 
Moses Batchelder 
Jeremiah Blake 
Simon Blaisdell 
Jonathan Cram 
Jonathan Cram, Jr. 
Christopher T. Chase 
Charles Chase 
Chevey Chase 
Jacob Cilley 
Caleb Dow 
Elijah Dow 
Billy Dodge 
Stephen Dodge 
John Dodge ' 
Nathaniel H. Dodge 
Dudley Dodge 



voters in Hampton Falls qualified 
for the choice of state and county 



Joseph Do'w 
Richard Fifield 
Jonathan Fifield 
John Falls 
Eaton Green 
Jacob Green 
James Green 
Benj. Green 
Jeremiah Gove 
Aaron M. Gove 
Stephen Gove 
Henry George 
Henry George, Jr. 
Wells Healej' 
John Hardy 
Jonathan Hardj- 
Joseph Hoag 
Green Hoag 
Jeremiah Hilliard 
James Janvrin 
Caleb Knight 
Isaiah Lane 
Levi Lane 
Dearborn Lane 
Samuel Lane 
Jonathan Lane 
Thomas Leavitt 
Edward Langmaid 
Joseph Melcher 
Samuel Melcher 
Thomas Moulton 
Nathan Moulton 
Aaron Merrill 



273 



274 



HISTORY OF HAMPTON FALLS. 



Aaron Merrill, Jr. 
John Merrill 
Moses Merrill 
Robert :Marsliall 
John Marshall 
Eichard Nason 
William Otis 
James Prescott 
James Prescott, 2d 
Simeon Prescott 
Jessee Prescott 
Levi Prescott 
Josiah Prescott 
Benj. Pike 
Josiah Pike 
John Pike 
Joshua Pike 
Jacob Pike 
Nathan Pike 
John Porter 
John Pervear 
Joseph Perkins 
Nathi Perkins 
David Perkins 

A true copy, Eecorded Feb. 22d 1814. 

Attest: 



Daniel Pervear 
Xathan Koby 
Theophilus Sanborn 
Green Sanborn 
James Sanborn 
Benjamin Sanborn 
John Sanborn 
Abner Sanborn 
Joseph Sanborn 
Sewell Sanborn 
Samuel Smith 
John Simpson 
Peter Tilton 
Jonathan Tilton 
Stephen Tilton 
Caleb Tilton 
Joseph Tilton 
Ebeneazer Tilton 
Michael Tilton 
John Tilton 
Currier True 
Aaron Wells 
Moses Wells 
Moses Wells, Jr. 

CALEB TILTON, Town Clerk. 



FIEE ENGINE COMPANY. 



EY-LA^YS A?s'D KULES FOR THE EEGULATIOX AND GOVERX- 
MENT OF THE HAMPTON FALLS FIRE ENGINE COMPANY, 
NUMBER ONE. 

Adopted April 1, A. D. 1823. " 

Article 1. The prox^erty of said corporation shall consist of eigh- 
teen shares. 

Article 2. All elections shall be by ballot. 

Article 3. Each proprietor shall exercise votes and enjoy privi- 
leges in proi)ortion to the number of shares he holds. 

Article 4. Every constitutional vote passed by a majoritj- at any 
regular meeting shall be binding on all the proprietors. 

Article 5. The j)roprietors shall annually at the meeting in April 
elect a Chairman, Captain, and a Clerk, who shall be Treasurer, and a 
Steward. The business of the Chairman shall be to govern all meet- 
ings, and on application of five members in writing to call a meeting 
on extraordinarj' emergencies. The duty of the Clerk shall be to keep 
a fair record of all proceedings of the Society, and to call a roll of all 
the members, at all the meetings, to collect all assessments and fines, 
and to pay all bills. The duty of the CaxJtain shall be to take charge 
of the engine, and direct how it shall be worked in case of fire, and 
see that it is at all times fit for use. The duty of the Steward shall 
be to furnish such refreshments as are necessarj^ when the engine is 
employed to extinguish fires. 

Article 6. There shall be two stated meetings of the proprietors 
in each year, viz., on the second Monday in April and the last Monday 
in October, in the afternoon, and the roll shall be called precisely at 
five o'clock and each proprietor who is not present at the roll call 
shall be subject to pay a fine of fifty cents. 

Article 7. All assessments for the repair of the engine and for 
building a house for the same, shall be voted at one of the stated 
meetings. 

Article S. At any alarm of fire all the members whose property is 
not exposed shall instantly repair with their engine to the building 
whose danger is greatest and make every exertion for the preserva- 
tion of the property exposed. Every neglect of this duty shall sub- 
ject the members to pay a fine of tiity cents. 

275 



276 HISTORY OF HAMPTON FALLS. 

Article 9. Every member who is absent from any stated meeting 
without the excuse of bodily indisposition shall paj' a fine of twenty- 
five cents. 

Article 10. If any proprietor shall refuse or neglect to pay any 
fines, or any such sums as shall in future be required by any legal 
vote of the proprietors to be paid on each share, by the time in such 
vote limited, the share or shares of such delinquent proprietor shall 
and may be sold by the Chairman, the sale to be by auction, and such 
notice given as the j)roprietOrs at any legal meeting shall think 
proper, and the purchaser shall be entitled to a certificate in the form 
hereafter prescribed and the money arising from the sale shall be 
ajiplied to the payment of the sum assessed on such share, and the 
charge of the sale, — and the residue shall be returned to the former 
proprietor when he shall think proper to receive the same. 

Article 11. Each iiroprietor shall receive a certificate for every 
share he holds, signed bj- the Chairman and countersigned by the Clerk 
in the form following: 

This may certify that A. B. is entitled to one share in the Hampton 
Falls Fire Engine Company, Number One, with all the privileges there- 
unto belonging. This certificate when the share is transferred shall 
be endorsed by the proprietor and filed with the Clerk and a new one 
issued to the purchaser. 

Article 12. All fines shall be for the use of the Society and at 
everj' October meeting the Clerk shall exhibit an account of all re- 
ceipts and disbursements, which shall be audited by a committee 
ajipointed for the purpose, and the balance in his hands, unless other- 
AA-ise disposed of by the Society, shall be paid over to his successor in 
office. Each member shall be furnished by the Clerk with a copy of 
these bj'-laws and rules, with the names of all the members annexed. 

Article 13. Each proprietor shall secure at his own expense and 
keep in some convenient place, two leathern buckets to be marked 
with his name. Every delinquency shall subject the delinquent to a 
fine of fifty cents. 

Article 14. None of these bj'-laws and rules established for the 
regulation and government of the Corporation shall be annulled, 
revised or altered unless bj' a major vote of all the proprietors and at 
one of the stated meetings. 

The following are the names of the j)roprietors and the niimber of 
shares owned by each: 

Amos Goodhue 1 Share Moses Wells 3 Shares 

Benjamin Brown 1 " Nathan Brown 1 Share 

Dudley Dodge 1 " Newman Brown 1 " 

Horatio G. Brown 1 " Richard Dodge 1 " 

Josiah Brown 1 " Stephen Dodge 1 " 

John Brown Td 1 " Theophilus Sanborn. . 1 " 

Joshua Pike 1 " Thaj-er S. Sanborn ... 1 " 

Lowell Brown, Jr . . . . 1 " 



FIRE ENGINE COMPANY. 277 

Any one reading the above constitution and by-laws of the 
engine company would he led to suppose that the town once had an 
efficient and well-organized fire department, but upon investiga- 
tion such does not appear to have been the case. Those belonging 
to an engine company were exempt from doing military duty, which 
many were intent upon doing, using almost any pretext to accom- 
plish that end. To escape the performance of military duty seems 
to have been the design of those who formed this company. Sim- 
ilar companies were formed in other towns for the same purpose. 
This engine company never rendered any service and was never 
present at any fire. Benjamin Brown, who lived in the brick house 
and was one of the members of the company, had a building burned 
near his house, and the engine which was near by was not taken 
out, nor was it capable of doing any efficient service had it been 
present. It was kept in a house which stood near Avliere the school- 
house now stands. The engine went to pieces; what became of the 
fragments we are unable to say. The house was removed fifty or 
more years ago, having been purchased by George H. Dodge. 

There were quite a number of members besides the stockholders. 
Any one who wished to evade military duty sought and generally 
obtained membership. j\Iany who had been warned to do military 
duty would unexpectedly show certificates of membership to the 
engine company. The stated meetings were occasions of festivity 
and good cheer. That whicli did cheer and would inebriate was 
always present and assisted in the hilarity of the occasion. The 
prohibitory law had not then been enacted. 

The many subterfuges and makeshifts which had been resorted 
to in order to get rid of military duty had so reduced the number of 
men liable to be called out in case of emergency that Governor Gil- 
man, in his orders of September 9, 1814, requiring the militia to 
arm for instant service, added the following: "And whereas there 
are a large number of men able to bear arms who are exempt by 
our laws from ordinary military duties, they are hereby invited 
and requested in the present alarming state of the country to as- 
semble in their respective towns, organize themselves into com- 
panies and prepare for defense in case it should become necessary." 
In compliance with this request companies of minute men were 
formed but were not called into service. They deserve mention as 
volunteers. 



FAIES. 



PETITION OF HAMPTON FALLS FOR A FAIR. 

To his Excellency Jonathan P.elcher Esq. Governor and commander 
in chief in and over his majesties province of New Hamx^shire and to 
the Honbie ;^[ajesties Council 

The humble petition of the Selectmen of the Parish of Hampton Falls 
in Said province most humbly Sheweth, 

That whare as in this our Parish and in the towns and Parishes 
round about ns, and to ye eastward of our Province Thare are raised 
a Bundance of Quick Stock which to geather with other Traffick, Twice 
in a year we want to Sell and having experienced Sumthing of benefit 
of a time and place for marketing S^ Stock and Traffick in our Sd 
Parish which Benefitt not ondly our Parish but our province together 
with ye eastward Towns have Shared with us in, by Reason of the 
Situation of our Parish being ye most convenient to accommodate 
Boath Provinces — We your Petitioners most humbly pray. 

That his Excellency and ye HonWe Council order that ye Second 
Wednesday and Thursday in May, and ye Third Wednesday and 
Thiirsday in Oct. to be days of Fair for Publick Traiding in this Par- 
ish att the most noted Publick hous, and country Road yearly and for- 
ever for the Bennefites above expressed. As in duty bound will ever 
pray 

JOSEPH TILTON \ selectmen 

JONATHAN PRESCOTT / '.-'^ 
JOSEPH WORTH > parish of 

JS^lS^^^EEN ) ^-"P^^'^ ^^"^ 

Hampton Falls Oct. lOtb 1734. 

GRANT OF A FAIR IN HAMPTON FALLS, 17.14. 

George the 2<^ by the Grace of God of Great Brittian, 
Province C ^I'^i^^^G and Ireland, King Defendr of ye faith &c. To 
Seal. C all to Avhom these jjresents shall come Greeting. Know 
■"^^^^ yee that we of our Especial Grace certain knowledge 
and meer motion for the due Encouragement of Trade and Traffic 
within our Parish of Hampton Falls in our province of New Hamp. 
in New England, and for the more effectual carrj'ing on of the Same, 
there. Have given and granted and do by these presents give and 

278 



FAIRS. 279 

grant to the inhabitants of our Said Tarish & their Successors, the 
privilege of having holding & keeping two yearly Fairs in the S<J 
parish forever, each to continue 2 days together, and no more. The 
one to begin on the last Tuesdaj^ in April, and the other on ye last 
Tuesday in October Annually, To have and to hold the Said Privilege 
of keeping two yearly Fairs as above said for the ends and purposes, 
above expressed to the Said Inhabitants and their Successors forever. 
In Testimony Avhereof we have, caused our Province Seal to be here- 
unto affixed. Witness Jonathan Belcher Esq. our Govr In Chief in 
and over our S^^ Province the twenty fourth day of October in ye S'b 
yi" of our reign Anno. Dom. 1734 

J. BELCHER 
Hy his Excy Command wtii the advice of ye Coun, 

E. WALDEOX Secy. 

There is no known record of the holding of these fairs. Tradi- 
tion says they were held with success for a number of years, and 
were beneficial to this section. 

THE EOCKIXGHAM COUXTY FAIRS. 

The farmers of Hampton Falls took a lively interest in tlie ex- 
hibitions held by the county societ}', as the following account from 
the transactions of the society will show. From tlie records of the 
old society, incorporated in 1814, we find the following in the year 
1825: 

The crop of carrots grown on thirty-eight rods and two tenths of 
land by Levi Lane, Esq., of Hampton Falls is the largest that has ever 
been offered for a premium in this county, being at the rate of about 
910 bushels to the acre. The land on which thej* were grown is a 
piece of loamy soil, broken up in the spring of 1824 from a turf sward, 
partly of twitch, or barn grass, and manured with swamp mud. After 
the crop was gathered the part where the barn gTass grew was twice 
plowed and twice harrowed to subdue the troublesome grass above 
mentioned. The plowing' was as deep as the plow would g'o. In the 
spring of 1825 it was dressed with fine barnj^ard manure, twenty-seven 
loads, and deepl^^ plowed and harrowed until the soil was perfectly 
pulverized. The carrots were sown the last of May in rows about fif- 
teen inches apart, and three times weeded. The quantity of manure 
was large, but there is a strong reason for believing that the largeness 
of the crop was in a great measiire due to the skillful manner in which 
the land was prepared, as the carrots were much larger on that part 
which was three times plowed than on that which was plowed but 
once. 



280 HISTORY OF HAMPTON FALLS. 

At a fair held a few years previous (1819) at Exeter, Levi Lane, 
Esq., took the first premium in the pulling match for oxen. The 
heavy load drawn by his oxen was spoken of as wonderful for years 
after. 

In the transactions of the new society, incorporated in 1853, 
which held its first fair September 16 of that year, is the following: 

The grand entry of the Hampton Falls delegation of members, with 
their ladies, was a beautiful opening of the display. The band, led by 
the marshal, went out to meet them a mile from the village and 
escorted them into the town. Twenty yoke of handsome oxen ^\^th 
their horns tastefully dressed in blue and yellow streamers of ribbon 
were attached to a car mounted upon four wheels, and containing 
twenty-seven young ladies of Hampton Falls. The car was roofed over 
with green corn leaves for a screen from the sun, and carpeted and 
cushioned like a church. The outside Avas beautifully decorated with 
evergreens and bouquets of flowers. Indeed, no part of the wood, not 
even the wheels, could be seen. It was an elegant combination of the 
brilliant colors of autumn flowers with the fresh green of the forest 
trees and vines. Upon the sides, curiously formed in large letters with 
vegetables of all kinds, was an inscription of the name of the town. 

Snugly seated among the fair occupants were seen the president of 
the society and the orator of the day, who had gone out to pay their 
early respfects. On the square, teams from other towns were added 
to the procession to the number in all of some seventy yokes of oxen, 
and at nine o'clock, bj' the music of the band, and with occasional 
songs bj' the ladies, amid shouts and cheers of the multitude already 
assembled, the jirocession moved on to the cattle grounds near the 
depot. Coaches were then furnished bj' the society to the ladies, who 
were driven about the grounds to view the animals and then escorted 
by marshals to the exhibition hall. 

All honor to the ladies of Hampton Falls who have set an example 
to their sisters throughout the county of incalculable value to the new 
agricultural societ3\ 

Among our citizens Avho received premiums were Jeremiah Godfrey 
on Devons, John Weare on steers, N. P. Cram on calf, Aaron Prescott 
on swine, Lewis T. Sanborn on wild turkej's, John T. Batchelder first 
on plowing, Jeremiah Godfrey on peach orchard, Rufus C. Sanborn 
on carrots. Joseph "Winslow of Epping was awarded the first premium 
on largest yield of corn, — 111 bushels, 28 quarts, shelled corn upon an 
acre. ilr. Winslow afterward lived and died at Hampton Falls. The 
other competitors for this premium from this town were Jacob T. 
Brown 95.64 bushels. True M. Prescott 95 bushels, John T. Batchelder 
82 bu.shels. These men each submitted a statement of their methods 
of cultivation and manuring, giving all the jjarticulars. Other awards 
to this town were ]Mrs. Sarah Perkins on cotton hose, Miss Elizabeth 
G. Brown, papier-mache inlaid with pearl. This last was highly 
spoken of bj^ the committee. 



FAIRS. 281 

To the committee on bog meadows: The meadow which I submit 
to your examinations contains an acre and five eighths. About two 
thirds of it was originally a meadow bearing a medium crop of has- 
sock and water grass. It was half covered with hassocks, and was so 
soft that in many places a rake handle has been easily run down its 
whole length. All the hay g-rowing upon it had to be poled out to the 
upper side where the ground was a little harder in order to reach it 
with a team. The remainder was in pasture, bearing blue flags, some 
blue grass, antl some wild grasses distinguished by no peculiarity 
except being remarkably tough rooted. The cause of the land being 
so soft was that the water came from springs above from which there 
was no escape except by evaporation. 

In the fall of 1S4S a ditch was dug on the lower side of the meadow, 
and for some distance below. This ditch was two feet wide and would 
average about two feet in depth. In August of the next year the 
mud was hauled off and ten loads of hassocks were cut, hauled off, and 
burned. About two fifths of the meadow was plowed and sowed in 
the following September, which produced a fair crop the next season. 
After the land was plowed the mud was thrown out of the ditches on 
to the beds, after which it was leveled with hoes, then covered with 
gravel at the rate of forty loads to the acre. Some of the land was 
too soft to haul the gravel on with oxen, and it was put on with a 
wheelbarrow. It was sown with herd's-grass and redtop, and the 
seed harrowed in by hand with a brush harrow. In the fall of the 
next year another strip was plowed immediately before a heavy rain, 
which rendered it so soft that it was impossible to work it at all, and 
we were obliged to let it lie over until the next August, 1851, when it 
was sown. At the same time another bed was plowed and finished. 
In the spring of 1852 the last bed was plowed and the next August 
finished. Owing to a severe droiight the seed did not vegetate as 
quickly nor as well as usual, and the result was a lighter crop than 
usual for the first time after sowing. It, however, bids as fair for a 
crop as any of the preceding. All of the above beds were plowed 
about twenty-two feet wide, and were graveled at the same rate and 
finished in the same manner as the two first described. 

The plow used was one of Euggles, Nourse & Mason's, furnished 
with a steel point and a drag cutter made very sharp, and was of large 
size. As to the cost of subdviing the meadow, it is impossible for me 
to state it exactly, as no account was kept of the time spent upon it. 
I woiild state however that all the labor was performed by 'myself and 
son, with the exception of a man in plowing, which occupied two days 
and a half, and a man to shovel gravel one day. 

The soil of the meadow is a mud, varying in depth from six inches 
to two feet now it is drained. The value of the land in its unre- 
claimed state was nominal, as it produced on an average about one ton 
of hay annually of poor quality, and what little was in pasture was of 
even less value than what was mowed in proportion to its quality. 

As to the crop of hay grown on it, as it will be shown, you must 
form your own conclusions. The crop was differently estimated by 



282 HISTORY OF HAMPTON FALLS. 

different individuals, but as there are no haj' scales Avithin a reason- 
able distance it was never weighed. The only fact which I am able to 
give is as follows: On four fifths of the land, on one acre and forty- 
eight rods, the hay was all cut at the same time and was put into one 
hundred and three cocks. After the hay was thoroughly dried two 
of these, Avhich had been previously selected b^' another person at my 
fequest, were weighed and averaged seventy-eight pounds, which would 
give eighty hundred and thirty-four pounds. As he was f)articular to 
select those of small size as any on the jaiece, I have no dovibt that the 
weight exceeded even this. The hay produced was herd's-grass, with a 
slight mixture of redtop. At least one ton of second crop to the acre 
could have been cut by the 10th of Sejjtember, but it was fed off in the 
following manner: About the lOtli of August four calves were turned 
in and the 1st of September three more, and were not taken out until 
October 10th. jSTothing was ever hauled on to the meadow but gravel, 
but the furrows or ditches between the beds have been cleaned out 
and the scraping thrown over the land once or twice since it was 
ploAved. The crop last year was better than it was the year before, 
and I know of no reason why, with proi^er care, it should not con- 
tinue to produce in the same manner. All of which is respectfully 
submitted. 

JEREMIAH GODFREY, 
Hampton Falls. 

As there was but one premium offered, Mr. Godfrey did not get 
any award. The committee regretted this, as they regarded it as 
a "Vahiahle and successful ex]3eriment.'* 

The fair for 1854 was, like its predecessor, held at Exeter Septem- 
ber li and 15. Our people having received so much commenda- 
tion for what they had done the year before, made great prepara- 
tions to make a still better and much larger exhibition this year. 
A number of days were spent in getting things in readiness. "We 
find the following account in the transactions of the State Agri- 
cultural Society for the year 1851, in speaking of the Eockingham 
County Fair: 

The j)rocession was headed by the Lawrence Brass Band, followed 
bj" the engine companies of Exeter and Dover. Xext in order came 
one of the most striking and beautiful objects ever beheld in any 
agricultural festival in Xew England. 

The Hampton Falls car consisted of an immense carriage some 30 
feet in length by 15 in width, constructed expressly for the occasion, 
and every portion of the woodwork, even to the wheels, concealed 
by evergreens and flowers, the roof being neatly thatched with wheat 
straw. This car far exceeded in taste, beauty, and extent that from 
the same place last year. It bore in front, in letters formed of ever- 
green, the words, "Hampton Falls Fanners' Club." The sides and 



FAIRS. 283 

ends were covered with flowers and evergreens for a distance of about 
two feet from the floor, and thence to the roof the whole was left open. 

Within were the choicest productions that any town can present 
for the admiration of the great mass of citizens, consisting of no less 
than seventy-six yoimg ladies and twenty-two young gentlemen. 
This elegant car with its jariceless freight was drawn by forty noble 
oxen. 

Two barouches succeeded this car containing the officers of the 
society, the orator of the daj'. His Excellency Governor Baker, invited 
guests. 

Next in order were two carriages drawn by oxen, containing in the 
shape of agricultural implements the representations of "Young 
America" and "Old Fogyism." These also were sent from Hampton 
Falls. In the flrst carriage were most of the agricultural implements 
now in use, — plows, harrows, ditchers, rakes, seed sowers, hay cut- 
ters, forks, hoes, etc., all from the establishment of Euggles, Nourse, 
Mason & Co., Boston. 

On the second carriage were to be seen the old-fashioned flax brake, 
swingle, and tow comb, the linen Avheel, whose hum rejoiced the heart 
of some gentle damsel in Hamjiton Falls at least one hundred years 
ago, lanterns that looked sufficiently ancient considering their semi- 
translucence to have held a place at the prow of Columbus himself, 
one indeed having served on the "Constitution," plows of wood, a mor- 
tar and pestle some four feet high, used anciently in the preparation of 
samp, a cheese press probably used soon after the ark was evacuated, 
together with numerous other articles which our fathers used in hus- 
bandry, and which we may well regard as a curiosity for farmers and 
their wives at the present time. 

At the plowing match the Hampton Falls Farmers' Club entered by 
the side of a Michigan and subsoil plow drawn by their finest Devons, 
an old-fashioned wooden and wrought iron jjIow drawn by six of the 
poorest oxen in town and attended by a plowman, driver, an extra hand 
to help set in, and another to finish up behind with a hoe, all clad in 
the costvime of '76. The contrast was ludicrous and at the same time 
instructive. The extra attendants around the old plow were for 
effect and not at all necessary, for with all their elforts to make poor 
work, it refused, and although of harder draft, it did as good work as 
any plow in the field. "Uncle Billy Brown," who owned the plow, 
always said it was the best one he ever saw. 

We have not a full list of premiums awarded at this fair, but 
among them Hampton Falls Farmers' Club received second on 
town team, third on plowing; N". P. Cram, first on Jersey bull; John 
Weare, second on both two and four-year-old steers; Jeremiah God- 
frey, on yearling heifer; Charles F. Chase and Eufus C. Sanborn, on 
swine; Jeremiah Godfrey, on vegetables; Miss Catherine A. Cram, 
on worsted work; R. C. Sanborn, best crop of corn, 98f bushels to 



284 HISTORY OF HAMPTON FALLS. 

the acre. He also received first on best crop of carrots, 264^ 
bushels on one fourth of an acre; Levi E. Lane, second on carrots, 
123 bushels on one eighth of an acre. 

In the succeeding fairs held by the Eockingham county society, 
our people were always well represented and did their full share 
to promote its success, but were not as prominent as at the two 
first exhibitions. 

Hon. Henry F. French, president of the society, gave some 
account of the discussions at some of the meetings. At that time 
chemical manures and superphosphates were unknown. Peruvian 
guano had Just been introduced and sold at about $50 per ton. In 
speaking of its use he says, "The great question yet remains open 
whether at the present prices of guano and of crops it can be profit- 
ablj^ purchased." He then gives a statement made by Rufus C. 
Sanborn, of Hampton Falls, at one of the meetings. He says: 

The Hampton Falls Farmers' Club, of which Mr. Sanborn is a mem- 
ber, has been conducting a course of experiments with the various 
fertilizers which may be of great value if we can procure them for pub- 
lication. 

Mr. Sanborn's first experiment was with potatoes. He planted them 
on dry land, on which he had applied sixteen loads of naanure plowed 
in. He put 100 lbs. of Peruvian guano into the hills, on half an acre, 
leaving the rest with no manure, except what w^as plowed in. He dug 
the potatoes in July and sold them at an average of one dollar and 
fifty cents a bushel. He got jiist 23 per cent more potatoes where the 
guano was applied, and they were of better size. His crop was 100 
bushels to the acre. The value of the guano and labor of applying 
w^as three dollars, and the gain by its use about 121/3 bushels, which 
sold for .$18.75. On another piece of similar land, he applied swamp 
mud in the hill, to the whole, and to a part Peruvian guano at the 
rate of 100 lbs. to the acre. The crop was understood to have been a 
better one than the first, and to have been 209 bushels to the acre, so 
that the use of 100 lbs. of guano, worth $3, gave 20 bushels of pota- 
toes additional, worth about $16. Mr. Sanborn applied 100 lbs. to 
% of an acre, and plowed it in for rye, leaving a part of the piece with 
no guano. It was cut by his men in his absence, and not kept sep- 
arate. The whole crop was twenty bushels to the acre, which he 
called a small crop. His opinion is that there was fully double the 
quantity of straw, and nearly double the amount of grain on the part 
where the guano was applied. He applied 200 lbs. to an acre for barley, 
part of the piece not guanoed. The part where the guano was used 
gave a crop of fifty bushels to the acre. So that he got about 1214 
bushels of barley, worth as many dollars, for about $5 invested in 
guano, to saj' nothing of the increase of straw. The barlej' was raised 



FAIRS. 285 

last j-ear, and the land laid to grass. There was this year no per- 
ceptible difference in the crop of grass where the guano was used 
and where it was not. Mr. Sanborn said that he made the common 
blunder last year of an overdose of guano on his corn. He applied 
500 lbs. to an acre in the hill and burnt up his crop, so that he lost 
half of it. This year, by no means discourag'ed, he repeated his exper- 
iment with corn. He plowed his land with a Michigan plow, sowed 
on 200 lbs. of Peruvian guano to the acre, plowed it again lightly, 
say six inches deep, put 100 lbs. in the hill and 200 lbs. more around 
the hills before the second hoeing, and gathered 98% bushels of shelled 
corn to the acre, as measured by his neighbors, and received the first 
premium at our county society the jDresent year for his crop. He had 
no means of knowing how much his crop Avas increased by the guano, 
but stated that he had no doubt it added to it very much. The fore- 
going is perhaps as much guano as is profitable to use at one dose. 

There is a g-reat deal going on in the Granite State in the way of 
agricultural investigation, and nowhere more than in Hampton Falls. 
Mr. Sanborn, whose statements are given above, is a reliable man, who 
labors with his own hands and whose object is to make his farming 
profitable. The testimony of one such man who practices is worth 
that of two mere professors of agriculture. 

We have given the above accounts of the fairs and the prominent 
part our people took in them to show that onr farmers at that time 
condncted their business intelligently and were well up with the 
times and were fully as far advanced for the light they had as 
those at the jwesent time. 

At the time these fairs were held, mowing-machines were not 
used, nor any of the improved labor-saving machinery now in gen- 
eral use. jSI"early all farm work was done by hand. Kerosene oil, 
which now makes the farmhouse bright and cheerful in the even- 
ing, at small expense, had not been discovered. Tliere were no 
agricultural colleges or experiment stations. Chemistry, as applied 
to agriculture, was not generally understood. The whole subject of 
special fertilizers has since been developed. No one would think 
of reclaiming meadow by covering it with gravel. The cost of labor 
would now make this unprofitable. The cost of labor spent in spe- 
cials would yield far more profit at the present time. Peruvian 
guano of the quality and value of that used in those times is now 
nearly unknown. 

TOWN FAIES. 

During the summer of 1894, the Hampton Falls Grange Fair 
Association was formed for the purpose of making arrangements 

19 



286 HISTORY OF HAMPTON FALLS. 

for and holding a town fair, wliieli many had been anxious to 
do for a number of years, claiming that the town was capable 
of holding a first-class exhibition. The officers chosen were "Warren 
Brown, president; George F. ^lerrill, secretary; George C. Brown, 
treasurer. The first fair was held October 2 and 3. It was held 
in the town hall with no outdoor show. The entries were very 
large and consisted of the products of the field, farm, and orchard, 
poultry, paintings, fancy articles, canned goods, etc. In fact, nearly 
everything which is ever found in a hall show could be seen. The 
excellency of the exhibits was noticeable. Good judges were of the 
opinion that in this respect it exceeded any show they ever had 
attended; nothing unworthy finding a place. 

The show of fruit of all kinds was very large, and in great variety. 
The names of many varieties were not generally known, which re- 
sulted from the many kinds introduced by tree agents in the years 
previous. Many of these varieties were of attractive appearance and 
seemed of good quality, but would not be profitable for general cul- 
tivation, because not known in the market, and from this cause be 
slow of sale, although they might possess considerable merit, or 
might be undesirable because not productive enough for profit, and 
from these causes not so desirable to raise as the well-known, pop- 
ular kinds. Those who considered themselves expert in fruit cul- 
ture and knowledge of varieties said they saw more varieties they 
were unable to name than at any other exhibition they had ever 
attended. The show of fruits, although not as extensive as that of 
the Xew Hampshire Horticultural Society, held a few days later at 
Manchester, was equal in variety and excellence. There was an ex- 
tensive show of vegetables and potatoes. Most of the new and pop- 
ular kinds of potatoes were to be found. The show of corn was 
large and added much to the attractive features of the fair. Large 
quantities of canned goods were shown and added a great deal to 
the good appearance of the tables. Needlework and fancy articles, 
of which there was a large amount, was not the least pleasing fea- 
ture. The excellence of the whole exhibit showed that our farmers 
can and do produce a great deal upon their farms worthy of merit, 
and with a little encouragement are willing to enter into friendly 
competition with their neighbors in the show of their products, 
which would be of mutual benefit. 

The second fair was held October 1 and 2, 1895. Much greater 
preparation was made than the year previous and the exhibition 
was much larger and more complete in all the departments. The 



FAIRS. 287 

tables were arranged so as to give more floor space for visitors. A 
small outdoor show was arranged for poultry and some other things 
not desirable to have in the hall. This relieved the hall from any 
crowded look and added much to its good appearance. When every- 
thing had been arranged the hall presented a most beautiful appear- 
ance, wdiich would be hard to equal or excel. The mistakes and 
omissions of the jorevious fair were remedied, and as far as possible 
carefully avoided. The floral exhibiton of W. J. Prescott was large 
and extensive, adding much to the beauty of the occasion, and was 
one of the most pleasing features of the fair. Much credit was due 
to Mr. Prescott, who was superintendent of the hall, for the decor- 
ations and tasty arrangment of the articles in the hall, and to Mrs. 
Prescott, who was secretary, for her untiring efforts to make the 
whole thing a success. 

As at the former fair, the show of fruit, vegetables, and potatoes 
was large, as were all the other departments. The show of vegeta- 
bles, garden produce, etc., by J. A. Wilson of Salisbury, Mass., all 
of which were raised by himself, was large and hard to be excelled. 
Some exhibits which came from the adjoining towns contributed 
to the variety and good appearance of the fair. Many good judges 
considered it one of the best town fairs they ever attended. 

N. J. Bachelder, master of the State Grange, was present on 
the first day, and made an address to those who were there in the 
evening. The second evening, B. P. Ware, of Marblehead, Mass., 
and C. W. Woods, president of the Salisbury and Amesbury Agri- 
cultural Society, were present and made short addresses. Small 
cash premiums were awarded and paid on the various articles of 
merit. A diploma, which had been engraved specially for the pur- 
pose, was in many cases awarded, and by many preferred to a cash 
award. The attendance was larger than at the former fair, but 
not as large as the managers would have been pleased to see, or as 
large as the merits of the fair seemed to have deserved. 



SUEPLUS EEVENUE. 



Ix 1836, congress made a law transferring $37,468,859.97, called 
the surplus revenue, to the states. The money came from the sale 
of public lands. The JSTew Hampshire legislature, at the Novem- 
ber session, 1836, passed an act authorizing the state treasurer to 
receive the public funds and give a certificate in behalf of the state 
that they should be safely kept and repaid when called for. In 
accordance with the United States law, our state Avas to receive its 
share in four regular installments, January 1, April 1, July 1, and 
October 1, 1837. The first three, amounting to $669,086.79, were 
paid over, but the state never got the fourth. 

The legislature also passed a further act depositing the money 
with the several towns in the following compound ratio: One half 
of each town's share, according to the last proportion for the assess- 
ment of the public taxes, and the other half according to the num- 
ber of ratable polls in 1836. The towns were to have it when 
they had voted to take it, and pledged their faith to safely keep and 
repay it, and had appointed an agent to receive it and execute a 
certificate of deposit. 

The certificate which the town agent was obliged to sign recited, 
first, that the town had complied with the conditions of the law; 
second, that they had ap^jointed an agent, and, third, that the state 
treasurer had paid him the money; and the agent also certified that 
it had been deposited with the town, and that the town was hereby 
legally bound, and its faith was solemnly pledged, for the safe- 
keeping and repayment of the same. 

The law obliged the state treasurer to pay over the money on 
receipt of the certificate from the agent; made the towns account- 
able for the money, and provided that if they did not pay it on the 
request of the treasurer he could issue his execution for it and col- 
lect it of any citizen, who could have contribution from the other 
citizens. 

288 



SURPLUS REVENUE. 289 

It was made imlawful for the town to appropriate or expend 
this money. If they did, double the amount could be recovered 
from the town in the action of debt, one half for the county and the 
other half for the complainant. But the town could loan the 
money, and appropriate the interest for such objects as they saw fit. 

The state treasurer was to give notice when the money could be 
had by publishing the time, and each town's share, in some news- 
paper, and if any town did not take the money the treasurer should 
loan its share and the interest to be for its use and it should be first 
applied to pay its state tax. The share of unincorporated places 
should be thus loaned and the interest applied like the literary 
fund. All of the towns were eager for this money. This town 
seems not to have received its share at first, for in 1838 we find 
they received $1,816.38, and a years interest upon the same, $90.81, 
amounting to $1,907.13. This money was loaned, and in 1839 it 
was voted: 

That the money received from the state be appropriated to the 
payment of the public taxes, and that the selectmen be instructed to 
provide each resident who may be assessed towards the payment of 
the aforesaid taxes, with an order on the collector for the settlement 
of the same, what may remain to be kept at interest under the charge 
of the selectmen. 

An effort was made to divide this money pro rata among the 
polls, as had. been done in Portsmouth and some other towns, but 
that was voted in the negative. 

JSTo money appears to have been raised by taxation in 1839, and 
the surplus revenue money was used to pay the state and county 
tax and to defray all other town charges. 

The receipt from the sales of public lands having fallen off to 
a great extent, was the reason the fourth installment was never paid. 
An unsuccessful attempt was made in congress to borrow money 
for the purpose, but it did not prevail. 

No papers are to be found in the office of the secretary of state, or 
of the state treasurer at Concord, relative to the surplus revenue 
transactions. This money was not used by many towns as the law 
directed, and they were liable to be called on to repay the state. 
To prevent this the state treasurer, Zenas Clement, either hid or 
destroyed the records. The only record of how much each town 
received is in the "'New Hampshire Patriot." The United States 
has never called upon the states for the surplus revenue, and prob- 
ably never will. 



PEOVINCE EATE AND INVENTOEY. 



PEOVIXCE EATE, JUNE, 1709. 

William Brown, constable. Order from selectmen. This in- 
cluded all south of Taylor's river, including what is now Kensing- 
ton and Seabrook. "William Brown lived upon the south road in 
Kensington. 

£ s. d. £ s. d. 

Nathaniel Batchelder, Jr 1 7 11 3 6 6 

Benjamin Batchelder 13 3 1 10 3 

Jonathan Batchelder 3 3 6 9 

Benjamin Brown, Sen 1 3 3 3 

Timothy Blake, Sen 16 2 1 19 9 

William Brown 9 9 1 3 6 

Benjamin Brown, Jr 7 2 15 6 

Philemon Blake 10 5 14 5 

Moses Blake 5 4 11 5 

Israel Blake 5 2 11 

Timothy Blake, Jr 3 3 6 9 

Aaron Blake 4 6 

Jacob Basford 10 1 1 4 2 

James Basford 2 8 6 9 

Capt. Joseph Cass 14 1 19 10 

John Clifford 12 9 1 13 

Israel Clifford, Sen 6 6 13 7 

Jacob Clifford 13 19 3 

Israel Clifford, Jr 3 6 1 13 1 

Zachariah Clifford 2 2 4 6 

Samuel Cass 4 8 4 

Benjamin Cram, Sen 10 1 1 5 

Thomas Cram 9 4 1 1 11 

John Cram, Sen 18 5 2 3 4 

Benjamin Cram, Jr 12 1 7 3 

John Cram, Jr 6 4 15 6 

Joseph Cram 9 9 13 7 

Thomas & John Chase 1 14 10 4 12 6 

Jabez Colman 

Philip Chase 2 2 

Mehitable Dow (^vldow of Simon) 4 10 14 6 

290 



PROVINCE RATE, JUNE, 1709. 291 

£ 



John Dow 

Josiah Do^v 

Thomas Dow 

Samuel Dow, Jr 

Joseph Emmerson 

Benjamin Fifield 

Jonathan Fifield 

Holdredge Kelley 

John French 

Widow Fellows 

Peter Folsom 

John Folsom 

Capt. Jacob Green 1 

Isaac Green 1 

Abraham & Nathan Green 1 

John Green 

Benjamin Green 

Henry Green 

Ens. John Gove 1 

Ebenezer Gove 

Jacob Green, Jr 

Timothy Hilliard 

Benjamin Hilliard 

Samuel Healey 

Mr. Huclcley 

Xehemiah Heath 

Ephraim Hoyt 

Stephen Hussey 

John Eaton 

Edmund Johnson 

Samuel Leavitt 

James Leavitt 

Benjamin Leavitt 

David Lawrence 

Samuel Melcher 

John Moi-f>-an 

Bonus Norton 1 

Jonathan Nason 

Jonathan Philbrick 1 

Thomas Philbrick 

Christopher Pottle 

James Prescott, Sen 

Jonathan Prescott 

James Prescott, Jr 

John Prescott 

Nathaniel Prescott 

Caleb & Benjamin Perkins 

Jonathan Robinson 



s. 


d. 


£ 


s. 


d. 


9 


S 


1 


1 


2 


12 


9 


1 


10 


9 


5 







10 


7 


7 


10 




16 


7 


6 


2 




17 


11 


3 


7 




7 


7 


14 


4 


1 


1 

4 


9 
6 


IS 


11 


o 


10 


1 


9 


4 


1 


1 


8 


1 


1 




9 


1 


1 


1 




9 


1 


8 


8 


3 


10 


11 


4 


2 


o 


4 


9 


2 


11 


o 


10 


1 


10 


11 


1 


_i. 


11 


7 


4 




15 


3 


o 


2 




4 


6 


9 





3 


14 


7 


18 


3 


2 


6 


5 


3 


1 




4 


4 


16 


10 


O 


O 


8 


11 


3 


1 


7 


3 


13 





1 


8 





3 


7 




7 


6 


7 


6 




15 


10 


6 


1 




12 


10 


3 


7 


1 


10 


3 


5 


4 




11 


4 


11 


2 


1 


7 








11 




3 
3 


9 
9 


1 


4 




11 


4 


10 


6 


1 


2 


8 


6 


1 




12 


10 


5 


11 


3 


8 


1 


7 


7 




15 


10 


2 


6 


2 


17 


1 


3 


2 




6 


9 


15 


2 


1 


17 


4 


15 


5 


1 


17 


4 


14 


8 




17 





13 





1 


10 


3 


8 


1 




17 


8 


7 


6 




16 


4 


15 





1 


15 


7 





4 




3 






292 " HISTORY OF HAMPTON FALLS 

£ 

Kobert Eow, Sen 

Robert Row, Jr 

John Sanborn, Sen 1 

Benjamin Sanborn 

Xathaniel Sanborn 

Joseph Sanborn 1 

Joseph Shaw 

Dea. •Samuel Sha^\- 1 

Caleb Shaw 

Benjamin Shaw, Jr 

Theophilus Smith 

Lieut. Josef)h Swett 1 

John Stanj-an 1 

James Stanyan 

Jacob Stanyan 

Moses Swett 

Joseph Swett, Jr 

William Shepherd 

Jabez Swain 

Ens. Daniel Tilton 1 

Samuel Tilton 

Joseph Tilton 

Daniel Tilton, Jr 

David Tilton 

Xathaniel Weare, Esq 

Lieut. Peter Weare 1 

Ens. jSTathaniel Weare 

Wido^v' Wilson 

Henrj- Williams 

Ed^vard Williams 

Henry Ambrose 

]>sathaniel Ambrose 

Sanders Carr 

Joseph Dow & Jos., Jr 

Joseph French 

Andre^v Greeley, Sen 

Andrew Greeley, Jr 

Robert Smith 

Job Burnham 

Israel Shepherd 

John Shepherd 

Joseph True 

Johns Arnell 

Ephraim Eaton 

John Webster 

Joseph Norton 

Thomas Harris 

Joshua Puddinton 



s. 


d. 


£ 


s. 


d. 


6 


5 




13 


7 


o 


2 




4 


6 





4 


9 


IS 


10 


11 


6 


1 


19 


1 


10 


11 


1 


6 


7 


1 


2 


2 


7 


7 


14 


9 


1 


16 


10 


1 


6 


2 


12 


8 


15 


4 


1 


16 


4 


13 


3 


1 


9 


9 


1 


9 




15 


2 


1 


3 


2 


16 


6 


3 


10 


3 


8 


10 


1 


6 


1 


10 





9 


4 


1 


1 


10 


9 


9 


1 


2 





3 


3 




6 


9 


5 


4 




11 


4 


3 


3 




8 


9 





8 


2 


9 


8 


9 


10 


1 


3 


4 


13 


9 


1 


10 


6 


6 


7 




14 


4 


9 


6 


1 


1 


7 


16 





2 


3 


7 


6 


1 


3 


7 





19 


5 


2 


3 


8 


o 


4 




11 


4 


4 


6 




9 


7 


7 


7 




12 





4 


10 




15 


1 


4 


4 




5 





8 


7 


1 


6 


5 


12 


6 


1 


10 


3 


4 


8 




7 


1 


11 


6 


1 





2 


9 


8 


1 


2 


8 


11 


6 


1 


4 


2 





7 




11 


7 


5 


7 




19 
15 


4 
1 


9 


4 


1 


10 


3 




10 




6 





6 


2 


1 





9 


4 


8 




7 


G 


2 


2 




6 





2 


2 




6 
15 



3 



PROVINCE RATE ^ND INVENTORY. 



293 



INVENTORY OF THE TOWN OF HAMPTON FALLS, MARCH 18, 1726-7. 

224 POLLS. 





,-; 










■Jl 




(P 


> a> 






o 


i; u 


H 


O 



Jethro Tilton, blacksmith 

Benjamiu Hilliard 

Beujamiu Prescott 

Benjamiu Moultou 

Samuel Tilton 

Colonel Weare, 1 negro 

James Lowell 

Deacon Benjamin Sanborn 

Reuben Sanborn 

Widow Nathan Sanborn 

Joseph Sanborn 

Enoch Saul)orn 

Abner Sanborn 

Timothy Blake 

James Moulton 

John Bi'own 

Abraham Brown 

Moses Blake, Jr 

Moses Blake 

Caleb Moody 

Jacob Green" 

Jacob Garland 

Israel Cliflbrd 

Samuel Prescott 

John Cram 

Benjamin Cram 

Samuel ^Melcher 

Philemon Blake 

Captain Joseph Tilton 

Sherburn Tilton 

Nathaniel Healey 

Samuel Healey .'. 

Estate of Benjamin Healev, 1 negro 

David Tilton ". 

John Sanborn 

Jeremiah Prescott 

Elisha Prescott 

Jonathan Prescott 

Nathaniel Prescott 

Thomas Dearborn 

Joseph Prescott 

John Hardy 

Deacon Nathaniel Batchekler 

Joseph Batchekler 

Jacol) Biisford 

Philip Pervear 

Zachariah Phill)rick 

Samuel Shaw 

Jonathan Batchekler - 

Benjamin Yeazev 

.Johii Hall ■ 

Benjamiu Shaw 

James Prescott 

Samuel Seklen 

Enoch Colby 

John Tiltou 

Samuel Lane 



10 



11 

4 

36 



18 
19 
10 
20 
3 
26 



11 

5 
IS 

9 
10 
10 
30 
20 
16 
20 



13 



3() 



10 
9 
9 



6 

48 
20 

8 



6 
56 
16 
12 
20 



10 

8 
6 













2 




1 




1 




4 




1 








2 








3 




















3 








2 



294 



HISTORY OF HAMPTON FALLS. 



IXYEXTORY OF THE TOWN OF HAMPTON FALLS, MARCH IS, 1726-7. 
■22i I^OIA.'H.— Continued. 







50 

o 


1 • 


a 
o 


■A 








W 


1 


John Batchelder 


1 

3 
1 


1 
1 

1 
1 


10 
10 
9 
13 
11 


2 
2 


5 
3 
3 
8 
1 
1 
1 
3 


1 
1 

1 
2 


1 


Moses Swett 


3 


Ichnliod Roliv 




Nathan l>(in>''fellow 


3 


Joseph Emmons, shoemaker 




Samuel Emmons 






Thomas Hunt 










James Stauvan 


1 
1 
1 

1 
1 
1 
2 

1 


4 




1 
1 
2 

i 

1 




Edward Williams ... 




Jonathan Nasou 


12 
5 
6 
2 

23 
5 


2 
2 

2 

2 
2 

2 
2 
2 
2 

2 


4 
1 

2 
1 
5 
2 
1 
1 
3 
4 
2 
4 
3 
2 

6 
1 




John Sillea 




Edward Palmer 


1 


George Connor 




Charles Treadwell 


1 

1 


2 


Benoni Foau' 





John Boulter 




James Perkins 


1 

1 
1 
1 
1 

1 
1 
1 

"i 
1 
1 

i 
1 


'"i" 
11 
12 

14 
5 

16 

7 


1 
1 
1 

2 

1 
2 
1 




William Healev 




Thomas Leavitt 




Robert Rowe, Jr 


2 


John Swain 


3 


Edward Tuck 


1 


Daniel A\ eare 


1 


William Norton 


1 


Jonathan Cass 




Samuel Cass, aged man 






Jeremiah Gove 


2 
10 

8 
25 
15 
15 


2 
2 
2 
2 


2 
3 
3 
3 
3 
3 






Jacob Brown ' 


1 
1 

"i" 
1 


1 


Ralph Butler 


2 


Jonathan Philbrick 


3 


John French 


1 


Beuiamin Perkins, aged man 




Caleb Perkins \ 




John Brown, Quaker 


1 


22 


2 


3 


1 




Benjamin Brown, aged man 




Widow Sarah Pow 


1 


10 


2 


1 


1 




Amos Cass, stranger 


2 
2 
2 
1 
1 




Ebenezer Cass 














John Gove, Sen 


] 


17 


2 


4 
1 
4 
2 
4 


1 
1 

"i 

1 
1 


1 


Nathan Clutt" 




Jonathan Gove 


1 
1 
1 
1 
1 
1 
1 
1 
1 
1 
1 
1 
1 


]5 


2 





Samuel French 




Isaac Green 


47 






Edward West 




Ebenezer Knowlton 


1 








Aaron Blake 




2 


1 




Edward Gove 


5 
17 
12 
20 

1 
10 

8 

4 






Benjamin Green 


2 
2 

2 


3 
3 
3 




1 


Thomas Cram 


1 


Jonathan Fitield 


2 


Richard Swain 




John Dow 


4 


1 
5 
1 


1 
1 


1 


John "\\ eare 


2 


John Dow, Jr 


I 


Widow Ann Brown 


Jonathan Palmer 


1 
1 


1 
1 


17 
2 


2 


3 

1 


2 


1 


Samuel Buswell 





PKOVINCE RATE AND INVENTORY. 



295 



INVENTORY OF THE TOWN OF HAMPTON FALLS, MARCH 18, 1T26-7. 
224 POLLS.— Continued. 





■^ 




0) 






m 


es 35 


(D 


►, oi 






2 


a '~> 


O 
3 


6 



Jouathau Brown' 

Jeremiah Browu 

Jonathan Chase 

Ebeuezer Gove 

Ebenezer Gove, Jr 

Simon Fogg 

Joshua Puriugton 

Henrv Green 

Elishla Chase 

Widow Chase 

Thomas Philbrick 

Thomas Brown 

Capt. Joseph Cass 

Ephraim Hoyt, Jr 

Jeremiah Brown, .Jr 

Charies Steward, blacksmith. 

Jonathan Dow 

John Gove, Jr 

Joseph Norton 

Ephraim Hoyt, Sen 

Joseph Cass, Jr 

John Page 

Philip Griffin 

Elisha Puriugton 

John Chase 

Nathaniel "Weare 

John Eastman 

Ebenezer Prescott 



13 

20 



1 

6 

8 

10 



8 
10 
10 



20 



14 
15 

8 
4 
4 
3 



48 



COLLECTOR'S WARRANT, 1756, 



In the warrant for the collection of taxes issued to Kathan Tilton, 
constable, 1756, we find that the following may be taken in pay- 
ment of taxes: 

It may be paid in new tenor bills of credit, or in coined silver at 
six shillings and eight pence per ounce, Troy weight, of sterling alloy, 
or in coined gold at four pounds eighteen shillings per ounce, or in the 
following commodities, being of the province or manufactures of said 
province, at the prices herein respectively set to each commodity, viz.: 

£ s. d. 

Merchantable Hemp per cwt 5 13 

Winter and first fare Isle of Sable mercii Codfish j)er quintal 1 10 

Merchantable white pine boards per ]\I 2 15 

Tanned sole leather per lb 2 

Indian corn per bush 6 

Turj)entine i)er Bbl 2 

Flax per lb 10 

Eye per bush 6 

Joist per M 2 10 

Barley per bush 6 

Pitch per Bbl 1 10 

Beeswax per lb 2 

Peas per bushel 10 

Bar iron per cwt 3 

Wheat per bushel 10 

Pork per lb 7 

Bayberry wax per lb 1 6 

Beef per lb 3 

Tar per Bbl 15 

These articles were to be delivered to the treasurer, at the cost 
of the owner, before the last day of December. If not paid by that 
time it was to be taken by distress. 

The taxes were payable in gold, silver, new tenor bills of credit, 
or in commodities, in about the same manner for a number of years 
after 1756. 

296 



collector's warrant, 1756. 297 

The same year two himdred and twenty-three pounds four shil- 
lings, new tenor bills of credit, were called for and raised by an 
act of the General Assembly, passed i\pril 11, 1755, entitled "An 
act for granting unto his most excellent Majesty the sum of thirty 
thousand pounds, for and towards the building a fort near Crown 
Point." This was in addition to the parish taxes assessed for other 
purposes, collected in 1756. 



COLOEED PEOPLE. 



There were quite a number of negroes living here in the early 
days of the town. There were some slaves; some were given their 
freedom. All slaves had either died or received their freedom 
before 1800. We find the marriage of Andrew and Dinah, Mr. 
Worth's negroes, recorded September 22, 1736. The Millers, who 
lived upon Murray's Eow, were mulattoes. Many of the colored 
people were members of the church. Special seats were assigned 
them in the meeting-house and they were expected to confine them- 
selves to the seats given them. The following will be of interest 
to people living at the present time: 

To all people to whom these presents may come, Know ye that I, 
Abigail Brown, widow of John Brown, late of Hampton Falls, deceased, 
in the province of Xew Hampshire in New England, Know ye that I 
do by these presents do for me and my heirs, executors, administrat- 
ors, and assigns, every one of us, clearly and absolutely promise, 
release, and forever quit you the said negro man Caesar from me and 
my heirs forever, after the service of four years, which four years 
will be ended on the fourteenth day of March and in the year 1751 
& 2, and in confirmation of what is above written, I have hereunto 
set my hand and seal, this ninth daj' of May in the twenty first year 
of the reign of King George the Second. 

ABIGAIL BEOWX. (l. s.) 

Signed, sealed, and delivered in presence of us. 

JACOB BROWN. 

JEEEMIAH PEAESON. 

Mrs. Abigail Brown was a Quaker and probably, like others of 
her sect, did not believe in slavery. We find that in 1756 Caesar, 
a negro freeman, was rated, province tax, £5 10s. lid.; school tax, 
£3 4s. 4d. ; which is the only mention made of him after receiving 
his freedom. He must have been possessed of some property at 
that time, as there are many in the list whose rates were much 
less than his. CEesar appears to have moved to Pittsfield, when he 
ceased to be rated here. 

298 



STATE LINE. 



From the earliest settlement there had been considerable con- 
troversy in relation to the proper location of the line between this 
province and Massachusetts, In 1737, Governor Belcher, who was 
at the head of both jDrovinces, attempted a settlement. 

The king was to appoint twenty persons, selected from'the com- 
missioners of New York, New Jersey, Ehode Island, and Nova 
Scotia, and five were to constitute a quorum. They were to meet 
at Hampton (Hampton Falls) on the first day of August, 1737. 
The course of proceeding was fully marked out, and the parties 
notified. 

Eight of the commissioners met at the time appointed, and after 
hearing certain statements from the parties adjourned for one week. 
They met again, according to adjournment, in adjoining towns, and 
within five miles of each other. The assembly of Massachusetts met 
at Salisbury. The house where they remained while in Salisbury 
is still, or was a short time ago, standing, and was called the state 
house. The assembly of New Hampshire was at Hampton Falls. 

A cavalcade was formed from Boston to Salisbury and the gov- 
ernor rode in state, attended by a troop of horse. He was met at 
Newbury ferry by another troop, who were joined by three more 
at the supposed divisional line, and conducted to the George's 
tavern in Hampton Falls, where he held a council and made a speech 
to the assembly of New Hampshire. The George's tavern was sup- 
posed to have been situated near where the brick house now stands, 
owned by the heirs of Cyrus Brown. 

After this pageant the commissioners failed to immediately estab- 
lish the boundary line in which we were most interested. 

The final decision was adverse to the claims of Massachusetts, 
cutting off a large territory from her jurisdiction. South Hampton 
and a part of Seabrook are a portion of the territory lost. 

299 



300 HISTORY OF HAMPTON FALLS. 

Perhaps the incident cannot be better described than in quoting 
the effusions of some witty poet who sings thus: 

Dear paddy, jou never did behold such a sight, 

As yesterday morning "svas seen before night. 

You in all your born days saw, nor I didn't neither. 

So many fine horses and men ride together. 

At the head the lower house trotted two in row, 

Then all the high house pranced after the low; 

Then the governor's coach galloped on like the wind, 

And the last that came foremost were troopers behind. 

But I fear it means no good to your neck and mine, 

For they say 'tis to fix a place for a line. 



THEOAT DISTEMPEE. 



In June, 1735, there commenced a terrible disease in Kingston, 
called the throat distemper, and in that town in fourteen months 
there were one hundred and fourteen deaths, ninety-six of whom 
were children under the age of ten years. 

The Kingston record says, "This mortality was by a kanker 
quinsy which mostly seized young people, and it has proved exceed- 
ingly mortal in several other towns." 

In the parish of HamjDton Falls the throat distemper raged most 
violently. Twenty families lost all their children. Twenty-seven 
persons were lost out of five families, and more than one sixth of the 
inhabitants of that place died within thirteen months. The num- 
ber of deaths from throat distemper in this town for fourteen 
months preceding July 26, 1736, was 210; of these, 160 were under 
ten years of age; 40 between ten and twenty; above twenty, 9; above 
thirty, 1. It should be remembered that at that time Hampton 
Falls included what is now Kensington and Seabrook. The major- 
ity of those who died were buried in the old cemetery on the plains. 

Lieut. Joseph Batchelder and wife, who lived where Warren 
Brown now lives, lost all their children, twelve or thirteen in num- 
ber, it is not known which, as Mrs. Batchelder afterward was unable 
to decide whether she had twelve or thirteen children. The whole 
number who died in the province during the fourteen months 
named was upward of a thousand. Only two houses in Hampton 
Falls where there were children escaped its visitation. One of 
them was where John T. Batchelder now lives; the other is now 
unknown. 

There was an old record that the disease originated from a sick 
hog which was killed at Kingston. I should not have mentioned 
this had not the same statement been revived lately in a newspaper 
article. There is probably no truth in its originating in this way. 
It appears to have been epidemic in form. The first person seized 
was a child, who died in three days. About a week after, another 

301 



302 HISTORY OF HAMPTON FALLS. 

family four miles distant was attacked and three children died in 
three days. Of the first forty who were attacked, all died. In 
August it made its appearance at Exeter, six miles to the northeast, 
and in September at Boston, fifty miles south. In October it 
reached Chester, the nearest settlement on the west of Kingston. 

The doctors were powerless in their efforts to check the disease. 
The epidemic soon became known as the "throat distemper," or 
"throat ail," and is spoken of as the "putrid sore throat." It is 
now sup])osed to have been a malignant form of diphtheria. Pro- 
fessor AVilliam Francis Webster of Kingston, when in Germany, 
found in a medical work there the statement that the first recorded 
instance of this disease was in the town of Kingston, New Hamp- 
shire. There was another visitation of the disease in 1754. We 
have no account as to the number who died in this town, but there 
were many. At this time forty -three persons died in Hampton. 

Only one physician made any progress in arresting its ravages. 
Dr. Josiah Bartlett of Kingston, who was one of the signers of the 
Declaration of Independence. He treated it with Peruvian bark, 
which was in opposition to the treatment of the other doctors, who 
were inclined to ridicule his method. 



THE SMALLPOX. 



The smallpox originated in Arabia, A. D. 569. It was at first 
confoimded with scarlet fever and measles, and supposed to be a 
species of one or the other of those diseases. The movements of 
Mahomet and his followers are said to have caused its rapid spread 
to other countries. For a long time the danger from smallpox was 
greatly aggravated by the methods of treatment. Before the dis- 
covery of vaccination, inoculation was quite general in England. 
The mortality under this system was small, not more than one in 
six hundred or more. In the latter part of the eighteenth century, 
ninety-eight of every one thousand deaths were from smallpox in 
England. By the general introduction of vaccination this mortal- 
ity was reduced before 1850 to eighteen in a thousand. Since 1850, 
the mortality in most European countries has been reduced to only 
two in a thousand. 

Vaccination was discovered and put in practice by Dr. Edward 
Jenner in 1796. Like all other great discoveries, the introduction 
of vaccination met with great opposition. 

The prevalence of smallpox did much to demoralize and reduce 
the armies in the War of the Eevolution, and was during the eight- 
eenth century a much dreaded and fatal disease. It visited Hamp- 
ton Falls in 1760, and again in 1782. At the latter visitation a 
pest house was established on Great hill and those who had the 
smallpox were taken there for treatment. 

Two lines were drawn around the house at a considerable distance 
from it, called the outer and inner, the outer being one rod from 
the inner. All supplies were delivered at the outer line, and no 
outside person was allowed to cross it or come within the lines. 
Cats, dogs, or other domestic animals coming within the inclosure 
met with instant death. Outside persons who wished to communi- 
cate with the inmates must come to the windward. Great hill was 
selected because of its elevation, as from this cause there would be 
less danger of its being communicated to the people of the town. 

303 



304 HISTORY OF HAMPTON FALLS. 

The attendants were persons who had had the disease at some 
previous time and had recovered and were not liable to have it 
again. In 1760 they appear to have been cared for in different 
places. A number of deaths occurred at that time. Among them 

was that of Green Longfellow, son of Nathan. We have seen no 
account of the mortality in 1782. Elisha Quimby died in 1760. 

The following are the items paid for the smallpox in 1760: 

£ s. d. 

Pd. Capt. Sanborn for sundries found for Green Long-fellow 2 12 8 

Pd. Samuel Shaw for nursing Green Longfellow and wife 18 

Pd. Francis Marshall for nursing 45 

Pd. Katharine Bryan for nursing 27 16 

To John Sanborn for sundries he did 1 5 

To Meshech Weare to sundries found by him 30 5 11 

To Meshech Weare for attendance 2 5 

For warrants for Impressing houses &c 2 5 

To Jonathan Fifield, Jr., for sundries he found... 4 3 9 

To his attendance 2 10 

To Samuel Collins for some things he found 17 5 

To his attendance 2 10 

To Nathan Tilton for things he found and attendance 13 6 

To Mr. John Green for wood and sundries 11 

To Daniel Sanborn for a coflSn 1 10 

To Winthrop Gove for coffins 1 10 

To the Widow Philbrick for use of her house 12 13 5 

To Wade Stickney for his trouble removing 2 

To Nathan Cram for his help in moving &c 13 6 

To two bed sacks 1 13 6 

To Benjamin Connor for use of his house 2 

To Capt. Williams for use of his house 2 5 

Pd. for two blankets 2 10 

To Mr. Michael Hodge for use of his house 3 

To Nathaniel Sinklar for use of barn 15 

To Capt. Benj. Swett for his team &c 15 

To Nathi Gove for wood 3 

To Henry Felch for sundries he did 5 

To Abner Sanborn, Jr., for service 5 

Selectmen's time and expense 36 9 3 

To sundries found for Jos. Norton 3 18 3 

To Samuel Collins sundries he found 4 14 9 

To his attendance 3 11 3 

To Francis Marshall, Nursing 21 

To Isaiah Row, Nursing 12 10 

To charge of sending his clothes to him 17 

Dr. Emery's bill not yet paid 36 10 

Total 304 9 2 



THE SMALLPOX. 



305 



Owing to the absence of the invoice book from 1773 to 1787, we 
are unable to give the cost of the smallpox in 1782. The following 
bill, receipted by Caleb Sanborn, April 1, 1782, may interest the 
reader at the present time. 



To 11/3 mugs of flip 1 6 

To 3 lbs. beaf @ 6 1 6 

To 214 lbs. pork @ 8 1 8 

To 1 pint of rum 1 2 

To barley & bread 2 

To Breakfast 1 

To 1 lb. sugar 8 

To 1 mug of flip 1 

To 1 pint of wine 2 

To cyder 6 

1 pint of rum 1 2 

1 qt. molasses 1 

1 pint wine, cj^der 2 8 

1 lb. coffee 1 6 

1 lb. sugar 8 

1 pint rum 1 2 

1 pint wine 2 

6 beets 7 

1 qt. soap 3 

1 pint rum, 2 qts. cyder. 2 6 

IVa pints rum, Cyder. ... 2 6 

1 pint rum, 1 pint wine. . 3 2 

2 qts. Cyder, V2 lb. sugar 11 
11/2 pints rum, cyder.... 2 6 

21/2 lbs. pork 1 8 

1 mug flip to Weare .... 1 

10 lbs. beaf 3 

41/2 lbs. pork 2 10 

1 gal. Cyder 1 

IV2 pints wine 3 

11/2 pints rum 2 

1 lb. coffee 1 6 

10 lbs. fish 1 3 

1 lb. candles 1 

1 gal. cyder 1 

1 do^. beets 1 3 

151/2 lbs. veal @ 5 7 

1 pint rum 2 

1 gal. cyder 1 

11/2 pints rum 2 

5 lbs. pork 3 4 

lYz pints wine,lgal.cyder 3 



s. d. 

1 qt. molasses 1 

Cyder 6 

1 pint wine 2 

3 lbs. cheese 1 6 

Barley 9 

1 pint rum 1 2 

1/2 lb. candles 6 

1 pint rum 1 2 

1/2 lb. candles 6 

534 lbs. beaf @ 6 2 

5 lbs. pork 3 4 

1 pint rum 1 2 

2 qts. cyder 6 

14 peck meal 9 

1 pint wine 2 

1 pint rum 1 2 

2 qts. cyder 6 

1 doz. beets 1 3 

1 gal. cyder 1 

2 qts. Vinegar 1 

V2 lb. Brimstone 1 

ll^ pints rum 2 

1 mug flip 1 

Cabbage & Potatoes 1 

1 gal. cyder 1 

1 doz. beets 1 3 

1% pints rum 2 

2l^ lbs. cheese 1 3 

1% pints wine 3 

1 gal. cyder, 1/2 mug flip 1 6 

3 pints rum 4 

1 lb. coffee 1 6 

Cyder 6 

1 pint rum 1 2 

6 lbs. pork 4 

6 lbs. beaf 3 

1 pint rum 1 2 

1 lb. sugar, Cj^der 1 2 

1 lb. sugar 8 

1 pint rum 1 2 

Lard 3 

5 lbs. beaf 1 6 



306 HISTORY OF HAMPTON FALLS. 



1 doz. beets 13 4 lbs. pork 1 8 

1 lb. candles 1 51/2 lbs. pork 3 8 

1 gal. vinegar 2 6 lbs. beaf 3 

1 lb. coffee 1 6 2 qts. rum 4 

18 gals, milk IS 

Eiim, cider, and -n-ine, being simple remedies, must have been con- 
sidered good for the smallpox, and -^ere probably agreeable to take, 
and not nauseous, as are many of the medicines which are prescribed 
for less dangerous diseases at the present time. 



CEMETERIES. 



The land for the old cemetery on the plains ahove the hill was 
granted by the town of Hampton in 1704. Additional land was 
granted at the time the common was granted, in 1722. This was 
the first cemetery ever in the town. Those who died here previous 
to that time probably were buried at Hampton. In this cemetery 
rest the mortal remains of Hon. Meshech Weare, Eev. Messrs. The- 
oiDhilus Cotton, Joseph Whipple, and Josiah Bailey, the first min- 
isters of the town. For many years this was the only burying place 
in the town, and great numbers have been buried here. In 1735, 
when the throat distemper visited the town and 210 persons died, 
tradition says that nearly all of them were interred here. If all 
the people who lie here were alive it is doubtful if they could stand 
in the inclosure. This is the only place in town which can properly 
be called a town cemetery. The town has always voted money 
cheerfully to keep it in order. 

After the new meeting-house was built in 1768, it was thought 
advisable to have a parish cemetery, convenient to the church, and 
land was bought of Jeremiah Lane, which is now the old cemetery 
on the cross road. We find the following upon the records in 
relation to it: 

Propose to give a deed of half an acre of land off, across the ■west- 
erly end of my lott, by Benjamin Hilliard's, for a burying place for 
the use of the parish for the consideration of the sum of fifteen dol- 
lars, upon giving the deed, and the parish, or individuals making up 
the fence in decent order, suitable with timber on the wall, and a good 
gate against the road to enter in at. And likewise a good stone wall 
to separate it from my lott, after the crop is taken oS, So as to be 
wholly enclosed, as a burying place ought to be. 

JERm LANE 

The deed was executed on the Ith of December, 1781, Asa Lane* 
and Joshua Lane witnessing the signature of Jeremiah Lane. 

The following are the names of the proprietors who paid for the 
land. The amount paid by each is recorded upon the town record. 

307 



308 HISTORY OF HAMPTON FALLS. 

Nathan Tilton, Samuel Prescott, Joiiatlian Tilton, Caleb Tilton, 
James Prescott, Jonathan Bumham, James Prescott, Jr., Benjamin 
Tilton, Jeremiah Blake, Henry Blake, Xathan Brown, Widow 
Sarah Healey, Benjamin Sanborn, Isaiah Lane, Jeremiah Lane, 
Aaron Wells, Benjamin Pike, Jonathan Cram, Samuel Weare, 
David Batchelder, Peter Tilton, Pain Eowe, Henry Robie, Henry 
Robie, Jr., Samuel Lane, Eaton Green. The highest sum paid by 
any one was 6 shillings; the lowest, 1 shilling 6 j^ence. 

The first person buried in this yard was Deacon Elisha Prescott, 
who died in 1781, the year the cemetery was laid out. Rev. Samuel 
Langdon, who was settled as pastor over the church in 1781, died 
in 1797. He is buried here. Dr. Langdon was at one time pres- 
ident of Harvard College, from 1771: until 1780. It seems strange 
that the college has not erected a suitable monument to mark the 
resting place of a former president, and not allow his grave to be 
neglected. By his side repose the remains of Rev. A. M. Bridge, 
for fourteen years the faithful pastor of the Unitarian church. Mr. 
Bridge died at Marshfield, Mass., in 1865. 

Nearly all the families living in the upper and central parts of 
the town used this cemetery to bury their dead. 

There was a small cemetery adjoining the Baptist church as 
early as 1840. This has since been enlarged and used by nearly 
all the families in that part of the town, and is well cared for and 
kept up in good shape. A new yard has been laid out adjoining 
the old town cemetery, and the lots are gradually being taken up. 
We have no knowledge as to when the yard in the upper part of the 
town was laid out. It must have been a long time ago, as it is 
nearly filled up by the families who lived in that neighborhood. 
The yard on the south road near General Na son's is a private one, 
and must have been used as early as 1825. 

Fifty years ago, or more, when the then existing cemeteries had 
become pretty well filled up, the practice of burj^ing upon the farm 
and on land owned by the family became quite common, and a num- 
ber of private yards was the result. After a time this practice was 
found to be objectionable, as when the premises passed into other 
hands, who had no interest in the lots, they were often neglected, and 
there was a very general demand for a public cemetery, where the 
lots would be cared for even if there were no representatives of the 
families living, or who might have removed to other places. 

In 1861, a committee was chosen to locate and purchase a suit- 
able place for a town cemetery; also to fence and put it in suitable 



CEMETERIES. 309 

condition for use. This committee spent considerable time in 
trying to find a proper location. The lots which were mentioned 
when the committee was chosen were fonnd upon examination to 
be unsuitable for the purpose. No lot on which the whole town 
could unite was found and, to the great disappointment of almost 
every one, this had to be given up. In 1866, two acres of land were 
purchased on the cross road, opposite the old yard, which was 
fenced and lotted off. At about the same time the yard near the 
Baptist church was enlarged, so that enough room for the present 
at least was made available. When this had been done the propri- 
etors of the private cemeteries moved those buried in them to one 
or the other of these places. The doing away with private lots was 
a move in the right direction, and a great improvement over the 
former practice, where the resting place of the dead was often 
neither cared for nor respected when the premises passed into other 
hands. . .. iSJ 



EAETHQUAKE OF 1727. 



This occurred on the night between October 29 and 30. At 
Hampton, when the noise was first heard, a flash of light was observed 
at the windows, and a blaze was seen to run along on the ground, 
and then the shake began. The brute creation ran roaring about 
the fields in the greatest distress. A spring of water which had 
boiled over ever since the town was first settled eighty years before 
and never frozen, was now sunk down so much that they were 
forced to dig to raise it, but were unable to raise it to its former 
height, and it now freezes in moderately cold weather. The above 
spring was on the land of Eobert Tuck, and within three or four 
rods of his house. He lived at Eand's hill, not far from what is 
now known as the ''old yellow house,'^ in Hampton. 

The following account is from the appendix of Eev. Mr. Gookin's 
sermon: 

The earthquake which was throughout the country in the night 
between Oct. 29tii & SQtli 1727, was in this town much as it was in other 
places, of which there are divers printed accounts, only, as I believe, 
somewhat weaker here than in those towns that lie upon the Merri- 
mack river. And from what we can learn it was stronger here than 
in Boston or the towns thereabouts. The shake was verj^ hard and 
was attended with a terrible noise something like thunder. The houses 
trembled as if they were falling. Divers chimneys were cracked and 
some had their tops broken off. It was especially so in the south 
parish (Hampton Falls), where the hardest shake seemed to be upon 
the hill where the house of God stands. Three houses upon the hill 
bad their chimneys broken, one of which was Eev. Mr. Whipple's. 
When the shake was beginning some persons observed a flash of light 
at their windows; and one or two saw streams of light running on 
the earth. The flame seemed to them to be of a bluish color. These 
flashes no doubt broke out of the earth, otherwise it is probable they 
would have been seen more generally especially by those who were 
abroad. The sea was observed to roar in an unusual manner. The 
earth broke open near the south bounds of the town (as it did in divers 
places in Newbury) and cast up a fine bluish sand. At the place of 
eruption there now (about two months after) continually issues out 
considerable quantities of water, and for a rod around it the ground 
is so soft that a man can't tread upon it without throwing brush or 

310 



EARTHQUAKE OF 1727. 311 

some other thing to bear him up. It is indeed in meadow ground, but 
before the earthquake it was not so soft but that man might freely 
walk upon it. There were divers other shocks the same night, yea 
the sound was heard, and sometimes the shake felt every day for a 
fortnight after. Afterward it was heard but not so often. On Dec. 
24th, at night, just eight weeks after its beginning there were two 
shocks. The first of which was very loud and jarred the houses. This 
shock extended from Charles river to Casco Bay. But this was not 
the last we had. This present year, 1728, is begun with the voice 
of God to us, it being heard Jan. 1st about two o'clock in the afternoon, 
and at times Jan. 6tii at eight. We heard the sound again on the 16th, 
and last night Jan. 24tii we had two shocks which made our houses 
tremble, so. that the Lord's hand is stretched out still. It is hard to 
express the consternation which fell both on raan and beasts in the 
time of the great shock. The brute creatures ran roaring about the 
fields as in the greatest distress, and mankind were as much surprised 
as they, and some with very great terror. 

A short time before the earthquake, Eev. Mr. Gookin had 
preached a sermon from the text, "The day of trouble is near," 
which was regarded as prophetic. This sermon was printed and 
extensivel}^ circuhited. As no person or animal was injured, except 
by being much frightened, the force of the sermon would appear to 
have been weakened, and undue importance given to it. Where the 
earth broke open was said to have been near Morton hill. The smell 
of brimstone about the place for some time after gave rise to the name 
of "Brimstone hill." There is springy land in that neighborhood, 
which would answer to the description given above. 

On Tuesday, November 18, 1755, occurred the third great earth- 
quake felt in ISTew England since its settlement. (The first occurred 
in 1643, but did no particular damage.) This was considered more 
violent than either of the others. It occurred in the morning, 
about an hour and a half before day. The weather was remarkably 
serene, the sky clear, the moon shone bright, and a solemn stillness 
pervaded all nature at the time it commenced. The shaking of the 
earth was so great that several chimneys were thrown down. The 
agitation was as perceptible on the sea as on the land. Shocks were 
frequently felt during the next fortnight. The great earthquake 
which destroyed Lisbon began Xovember 1, 1755, and was probably 
a result of the same disturbance. 

Light shocks of earthquake have been felt at intervals of a few 
years; not as heavy as those spoken of above. So far as we can 
learn, no serious damage was ever done in New England by earth- 
quakes. 



MURDEES. 



At Portsmouth, May 8, 1755, Eliphaz Dow of Hampton Falls 
was executed for the murder of Peter Clough, of the same place. 
It appeared upon evidence that a quarrel had existed between 
them for a long time. On the 12th day of December, 1T54, they 
accidentally met at the house of jSToah Dow, where some high words 
and threats passed between them. Clough challenged Dow to go 
out of the house to fight, and went out himself. Dow followed, 
and as he went out he took up his brothers hoe, which stood in the 
entry, and with it struck Clough a blow on the side of the head, 
which instantly killed him. Dow was arrested and examined before 
the Hon. Meshech Weare, and committed to prison at Portsmouth. 
At the February term of the supreme court, he was indicted, tried, 
and convicted, and sentence was pronounced upon him, that he 
should be "hanged by the neck until he was dead." 

The sheriff was commanded by a warrant from the court to exe- 
cute the sentence on the 20th day of March following, but in con- 
secjuence of two reprieves from the governor, the execution of the 
sentence was respited until this day. The gallows was erected on 
the south road, near the pound, and between the hours of twelve at 
noon and three in the afternoon, Dow was hanged, and his body 
buried in the fork of the road a few rods from the gallows on the 
declivity of the hill. 

Matthew Livermore, Esq., was the attorney-general who managed 
the prosecution and Thomas Packer the sheriff who caused the 
sentence to be executed. Sometime about 1850, while repairing 
the road, Dow's bones were unearthed. 

On the evening of May 7, 1868, as Mrs. Thomas Brown was busy 
with her work in the kitchen, hearing a knock she opened the door, 
when she was struck by an ax in the hands of a man, which felled 
her to the floor, from which she never rose or regained conscious- 
ness. She died the day following. The assassin passed by her 
into another room where Mr. Brown was sitting by an open fire 

312 




THOMAS BROWN. 

i793. Murdered May 8, 1868. 
See page 558. 



MURDERS. 313 

reading a newspaper. He struck him a heavy blow upon the head 
as he sat in the chair, breaking his sknlL Mr. Brown lived a few 
days, dying on the 13th. Before his death he regained conscious- 
ness and said John Eoss, a former hired man, was his assailant. 
Mr. and Mrs. Brown were aged people, living alone with the excep- 
tion of the hired man. John Eoss had lived with them for a num- 
ber of months and was well liked. He had been kindly treated and 
had been the recipient of many favors from them. He had left 
Mr. Brown's employ a few days before under the pretext of going 
West. The motive of the crime was robbery. Mr. Brown had 
a short time before sold some oxen, which sales amounted to several 
hundreds of dollars. This money Eoss supposed was in the desk 
where he had often seen Mr. Brown place money, and he was led to 
think that at that time considerable money was deposited there. 
In this he was disappointed, as he found only about eighty dollars. 
A small amount of money which belonged to a religious society, of 
which Mr. Brown was treasurer, was in the desk at the time, l)ut 
escaped his notice. 

The next morning, when the hired man, who lived near by, came 
to work he discovered that something was wrong, and gave the 
alarm. The community was horror-stricken and started in all 
directions in pursuit of the perpetrator. It was soon found that 
Eoss had been seen in the neighborhood the afternoon previous. 
He was found and arrested at Newburyport that morning, about 10 
o'clock. 

It was then found that the name of "Eoss," by which he had 
been known, was an assumed one. His real name was Josiah Pike, 
and he was a native of ^N^ewburyport, where he was well known as a 
dissolute and worthless character. Pike was immediately taken to 
Hampton Falls, where a preliminary examination was held. 
He was committed to Exeter jail. He waived further hearing 
and was bound over to the October term of court, to be held 
in Portsmouth, where he was indicted, convicted, and sentenced to 
be hanged. 

By our law, a man sentenced to be hanged must first spend one 
year in solitary confinement in the state prison. During that time 
some of Pike's relations who were wealthy and influential made a 
great effort to have his sentence commuted to imprisonment for life, 
but were unsuccessful. He was hanged in the state prison in Con- 
cord, N^ovember, 1869. His was the first execution within the walls 



314 HISTORY OF HAMPTON FALLS. 

of the prison after the law was passed making executions nearly a 
private matter. 

During the last month of Pike's life in prison he was visited by 
many people. The ladies of Concord carried him bouquets and 
sang to him; a delegation of women sang to him within an hour of 
his death, and went away weeping. Like many other scoundrels, 
when cornered he became very religious. He became a hero. 
These proceedings aroused the people of the state, who were dis- 
gusted with such foolish and senseless exhibitions over con- 
demned murderers, so that the next legislature passed a law making 
it very difficult for any one to see or interview a prisoner T^'aiting 
under a death sentence. It was also the cause of putting the 
prison under the strict discipline for which it has since been noted. 




- 

1 - 
I- ::: 



LIBEAEIES. 



Soon after 1800, and. during the ministry of Eev. Jacob Abbot, 
a library was established and kept in the parsonage house. It was 
called the Social Library, and was probably the first library ever in 
the town. Of how many volumes it was composed, we now have 
no means of knowing, but probably not more than three or four 
hundred. The writer has one of the books which is numbered 213. 
The books were of a substantial character and such as were designed 
to impart useful information, many of them being the standard 
works of the time. The reading of these books had not a little to 
do in giving the people of the town the reputation for intelligence 
and the respect which they enjoyed in the community. The books 
were composed of biographies, sermons, travels, poems, and a few 
of the leading works of fiction. At that time fiction did not take 
the prominent place in public libraries that it does at present. 

The Social Library was owned in shares. The shareholders held 
an annual meeting to consider its welfare. An annual tax of twenty- 
five cents was collected on each share, for the benefit of the library. 
Its patrons were mostly those who attended the parish church while 
the church existed as such. The library continued until 1849, but 
during its later years received but few additions to its shelves, and 
its patronage had about ceased, as the books had been very generally 
read, and a new library had been established and kept at the same 
place. It was then decided to divide the remaining books among 
the shareholders, which was accordingly done, each owner receiving 
an equal number of books, parceled out so as to represent, as nearly 
as possible, equal values. The father of the writer received among 
other books four volumes of Hunters "Sacred Biographies," one 
volume of sermons by Job Orton, two volumes of "Lewis and Clark's 
Expedition to the Pacific Ocean," "Telemachus," one volume; 
"Thomson's Seasons," one volume; "Dick on the Improvement of 
Society," which appeared to have Ijeen written for a scientific work, 

315 



316 HISTORY OF HAMPTON FALLS. 

one volume; "The Addresses of the Presidents," one volume. This 
appears to have been contributed to the library by Weare Dow, son 
of Major Joseph Dow and a grandson of Governor Weare. Many of 
the books which composed the library were rare and valuable works 
at that time, and showed that a great deal of care had been used in 
their selection. 

During the ministry of Rev. Jacob Caldwell, who lived in the 
parsonage house, and largely through his efforts, a library was estab- 
lished and kept at his house called the Ladies' Library. This was 
about 18tI:5. At first it had only a few volumes. The ladies' sew- 
ing circle, connected with the Unitarian society, used the money 
earned by them in purchasing books, cjuite a good number being 
added yearly in this way. This library received a few books by 
donation. It was incorporated by the legislature in 1887, and now 
numbers about one thousand volumes. 

After the removal of Mr. Caldwell, the library was kept by Miss 
Nancy B. Perkins in the house now occupied by Dr. Sanborn. It 
continued here until the death of Miss Perkins, in 1863, when it 
was removed to the house of Charles T. Brown, where it 
remained for a number of years. It was then removed to the 
Unitarian church, where it has since remained. This library has 
been a credit to those who established and nurtured it. A library 
called the tSchool Library, which was kept in the church for a 
time, the donation of some one in Boston, was afterwards added to 
and became a part of the Ladies' Library. 

An enactment of the legislature in 1891 providing for establishing 
and aiding town libraries was passed. The towns which accepted 
the provisions of this act could receive at the expense of the state 
one hundred dollars' worth of books, which might be selected from 
a large list which had been prepared by the state library commis- 
sioners. This act did not apply to those towns which had town 
libraries at the time it was passed. This town was among the first 
to aecejjt the provisions of the act, and started out in the winter of 
1893 and 1893 with the books received from the state, in addition 
to a good number of volumes donated by individuals. 

In accepting this act, a town the size of Hampton Falls agrees to 
contribute not less than twenty-five dollars annually, to be applied 
in increasing the number of books. We have appropriated fifty 
■dollars annually for this purpose. The Lend-a-Hand Society con- 
tributed nearly fifty dollars, raised by them at a levee. In 1896, 



LIBRARIES. 317 

John T. Brown, Esq., of JSTewburyport, Mass., paid for one hnndred 
dollars' worth of books, which had been selected by a committee 
chosen for the purpose, and which have since been added to the 
library. In 1897, Lewis W. Brewster, Esq., of Portsmouth, contrib- 
uted one hundred volumes. 

Mr. E. B. Towle has acted as librarian since its first start. The 
library is open to the public for exchange of books on each Satur- 
day afternoon, from 3 till 4, and occasionally at other times. The- 
patronage of the library has far exceeded the expectations of its 
most sanguine friends, and is still increasing, extending to nearly 
all parts of the town. There are more than one hundred cards in 
use all the time, and during some portions of the year this number 
is much increased. It has been kept in the selectmen's room at the 
town hall, but from present appearances more commodious quarters 
must be provided for its accommodation in the near future, if the- 
present interest should continue. 



TOAVN HALL. 



Ix the early days of the town, the meetings were mostly parish 
meetings. They Avere held in the church. The most important 
matters considered were in relation to church affairs, such as the 
calling and settling of ministers, raising money to pay their salaries, 
and for repairs and improvements upon the meeting-house, parson- 
age buildings, and fences. In those days the town affairs held a 
secondary place to those of the church. Gradually, little by little, 
the business of the town increased and received more attention, 
until there came a complete separation of the church and town 
matters. Then the town meetings assumed much the same form 
and character that we find in them at the present time. The first 
parish or town meetings were held in the meeting-house built about 
1709, and which was situated near the present site of the Weare 
monument, on the- common. The town meetings continued to be 
held there until' the new meeting-house was built in 1768. 

"While there was a great deal of opposition to having the church 
services transferred from the old to the new meeting-house, we do 
not find by the record that there was any objection made to holding 
the town meetings there. AVe find that at the first town meeting 
ever held in the new house, January 20, 1770, there was a very full 
vote for moderator, Avhicli was a test vote, showing the strength of 
the old and new meeting-house parties. The new church party pre- 
vailed, having six majority over their opponents. From that time 
imtil this church Avas demolished, in 1812, the town meetings con- 
tinued to be held here. 

As soon as the old meeting-house was removed and an attempt 
made to locate and build a town house, the question of location 
assumed large jjroportions and a Avide difference of opinion in rela- 
tion thereto developed itself. The toAvn meetings were held from 
1844 until the completion of the new town hall, in 1878, in the 
Christian chapel, which Avas very near the center of population, or, 
at least, the roads leading to it made it more convenient for all the 
voters to 2:0 to that point and return than to any other location. 

318 



TOWN HALL. 319 

Those who lived in the upper part of the town wanted the town 
hall located near where the old meeting-house stood. Those in the 
lower part of the town wanted it at the hill. With so wide a differ- 
ence of opinion it was found to be a hard matter to agree upon any 
point which would be agreeable to all sections of the town. 

This condition of things continued to exist for a great many 
years, with no great agitation of the matter so long as the town meet- 
ings could be held in the Christian chapel at little expense, 
although it Avas small and inconvenient for the purpose. Those 
who wanted to build a town hall were Avilling to remain as they 
were, fearing that the other party might prove the stronger and, 
when a test vote came, decide upon a location they did not want. 
Those who were opposed to the expense of building, argued that 
the present arrangement was much more ecomonical than to build. 

The large expenditure by the town, made necessary by the War 
of the Eebellion, probably kept the matter from being considered 
as soon as it might otherwise have been. While a town meeting 
could be held in the chapel and the necessary business done at no 
very great inconvenience, there were other things which were urged 
with a great deal of force why some definite action should be taken 
in the matter. 

Since the destruction of the Academy Hall by fire, there had 
been no place for public assemblies, social meetings, levees, lectures, 
and dances. Some place for this purpose the young people de- 
manded, and felt that it was their right to have, without being 
obliged to go outside the town to obtain it. It was claimed that 
much of the money which had been expended for such purposes 
could be kept in the town, where it would benefit our own j^eople, 
churches, and otlier things which it might be desirable to aid. It 
was the culmination of these ideas rather than any demand for a 
place to do the town business which inaugurated the movement 
which resulted in the building of the town hall. 

At the annual town meeting in March, 1877, after a general dis- 
cussion of the matter, it was voted by a good majority to build a 
town hall upon its present location. Warren Brown, James D. 
Brown, Charles A. Hardy, Henry H. Knight, and Joseph T. San- 
born were chosen a building committee to carry this vote into effect. 
An appropriation of $2,500 was made for the purpose. It was not 
an easy task the committee found before them. The form and size 
of the house, the style of the building and its internal arrangements, 
were subjects upon which there was a wide difference of opinion. 



320 HISTORY OF HAMPTON FALLS. 

After a number of meetings of the committee, and consultations 
v^ith others who were friendly to the project, a plan was agreed upon 
which was submitted to Isaiah Wilson of Portsmouth, who was an 
architect, to put in shape, and to make the plans and specifications 
for the building. When these were received, the committee adver- 
tised for proposals, which resulted in several bids from different 
parties, after the consideration of which the committee concluded 
to let the building to Samuel W. Dearborn of Hampton. The 
dimensions of the j^roposed house were forty by sixty feet, with 
twenty-foot posts. It was found that the sum of $2,500, which had 
been appropriated by the town, would not be sufficient to complete 
and finish the house by the plans and in the manner contemplated. 
The friends of the house advised the committee to finish the house 
according to the original plans, and agreed to use their influence 
to have the house accepted and paid for when completed. The 
entire cost of the house was, when completed, $3,887.34. xlt the 
time when it was voted to build, nothing had been said about fur- 
nishing and lighting. The committee proceeded to light and 
furnish the hall at an exj)ense of $435.34. The house was well 
furnished and the lighting was considered better than that of any 
other hall in the vicinity. 

The whole cost of building, lot, and furnishings was $4,322.16, 
which was the whole cost, including $T5 paid for policy of insur- 
ance for five years. From this there was to be deducted $229.31, 
the proceeds of a town levee which had been held to aid in furnish- 
ing the house, which left the whole cost to the town, including in- 
surance, $4,093.3 T. The committee advanced the money needed 
to complete the house in excess of the appropriation. 

The house Avas dedicated with appropriate ceremonies, Tuesday 
evening, October 31, 1877. Hon. John J. Bell of Exeter delivered 
an historic address of the town, and others made short addresses. 
There was music by the baud. The house was filled to its utmost 
capacity on this occasion. 

From this time until the annual meeting in March, 1878, the 
house remained in charge of the committee, who made arrangements 
for and held entertainments, lectm-es, concerts, balls, etc., and in 
this way inaugurated the hall for the purposes for which it was to 
be used in a social way. Among other things asked for Avas a 
spring floor, which was furnished by the committee, and which is 
much appreciated by the dancing public, and is of value at any time 
Avhen there is a crowd in the building. 



TOWN HALL. 321 

It -was claimed by the opponents of the house that it was built 
altogether too large, but subsequent events have proved that it was 
not large enough. Some of those who found a great deal of fault 
because it was too large and cost too much have since blamed the 
committee because the house was not large enough, and because 
many additional tilings which would have cost a great deal of money 
had not been supplied. The lack of more extended stage room and 
dressing accommodations is frequently complained of. 

At the annual town meeting in March, 1878, it was voted, after 
some discussion, to accept the building and furniture, and to pay 
the committee the amount of money which had been advanced by 
them. The committee did not make any charge, nor did they ever 
receive any compensation, for their services in building the hall. 
The building of a town hall is usually attended with considerable 
ill feeling, and ours was no exception to tTie rule. A great deal of 
bitterness was shown, but it has gradually passed away. 

The writer has examined a great many of the town halls which 
have since been built in different parts of the state, and has never 
seen one which cost less money than ours, or one which is any better 
adapted to the purpose for Avhicli it is wanted. Some, which have 
a few more conveniences, have cost nearly double. Many of them 
are so arranged that the main hall is upstairs, which to the aged and 
infirm is a hardship, and in some cases a prohibition to their ever 
entering them. In the country towns, where land is plenty and 
cheap, there is no excuse for this. In many of the towns, no more 
wealthy than ours, the town halls have cost a great deal more than 
ours did. 

The advantages which have resulted to the town from building 
the town hall have been fully as much as its friends claimed for 
it when it was first projected. No town at the present time is doing 
its duty by its inhabitants that does not provide a suitable place for 
meetings of a social character, where all may meet for purposes of 
enjoyment and improvement. 

The want of some suitable place where horses could remain in 
comfort while their owners were comfortable and enjoying them- 
selves in the hall was soon felt. No man's Christianity is deserving 
of any respect who does not see that his dumb animals are cared 
for and protected from the weather. In 1892, twenty horse-sheds 
were erected at a cost of $487.57, which have been a great conven- 
ience as well as comfort to both man and beast. 



322 HISTORY OF HAMPTON FALLS. 

In the spring of 1896, during a hard southerly wind, the sheds 
were all overturned. In the language of an eye witness, "Commen- 
cing at one end, they went over very much as a plow turns a furrow.'* 
They have since been replaced as good as ever, at an expense of 
$258.36. 



TOWN MEETINGS. 



The town meetings are the outgrowth of the parish meetings. 
At first the meetings were almost entirely devoted to matters per- 
taining to the church: To make provision for preaching, to raise 
money for the support of the minister, and maintain the parsonage 
buildings and fences. Our records show that these matters received 
proper attention and were well cared for in this town. At first 
only church members were allowed to vote in these meetings. By 
degrees the suffrage was extended and at the present time is uni- 
versal to all American citizens. Other matters came to be con- 
sidered and a complete separation of church and town matters was 
the result. The parish meetings were held in the old meeting- 
house at the hill, as were the town meetings until 1770, when they 
were removed to the new meeting-house, and held there imtil 1842, 
when the house was demolished. In 1843, the town meeting was 
held in Farmers' Hall, which was in an outbuilding owned by Wells 
Healey, and was situated near his house. It was a poor room and ill 
adapted for the purpose. The town failed to elect a representative 
that year. The only time the writer ever saw the house "polled" 
was at that meeting. 

In 1844 the annual March meeting was held in the Christian 
chapel, where the town meetings were held until the town hall was 
completed in 1878. During this time all the presidential elections 
save one, and nearly all the special meetings, were held here. At 
the first town meeting held in the chapel, the last Democratic rep- 
resentative ever elected in this town was chosen. Eev. Otis Wing, 
at that time pastor of the Baptist church, was elected. 

There were a great many hard-fought contests over various mat- 
ters at some of the meetings held in the chapel, but they were not 
of a political character, as in some towns. The two political parties 
were not evenly enough divided in this town to make such contests 
possible. 

The presidential election in 1864 was held in Academy Hall, as 
were some of the special meetings in the time of the war. 

323 



324 HISTORY OF HAMPTON FALLS. 

In 1774: the town meeting was called for the first time by the 
nonstable, in the same manner as they are called in Massachnsetts 
towns at the present time. The meetings continued to be called 
in this way by the constable for fifty years, although in 1798 it was 
voted that the selectmen call future town meetings. This may 
have been done once or twice, but this order was soon disregarded 
and the constables again called the meetings until about 1825. 

In 1780, fourteen different persons were elected constable, and 
all declined to serve, each paying the fine for not serving, which was 
five shillings. It was then voted to hire some one to serve as con- 
stable for the ensuing year. It was the custom at one time to dis- 
pose of the office of constable at auction to the highest bidder. The 
office of collector of taxes was similarly disposed of to the lowest 
bidder. The poor were auctioned off, in a humane manner, to 
those who would keep them at the least expense. 

For many years after the separation of Seabrook from this town, 
the people united with us in choosing a representative. The elec- 
tions were held in Hampton Falls. I believe that in every case 
a citizen of Hampton Falls was chosen. This has been accounted 
for from the fact that the out-of-town voters were royally enter- 
tained when they came here to vote. Many of the visiting voters 
<cared less who should be elected than they did to know a good enter- 
tainment was forthcoming. 

At the annual parish meeting in 1773, Capt. Jonathan Tilton 
was chosen moderator without opposition. From some cause there 
was a contest in the election of town clerk. Caleb Sanborn was 
declared elected, defeating Benjamin Tilton, who had held the 
ofiice for the two years previous. Tilton's friends claimed fraud, 
and demanded a poll of the house, which was done a number of 
times. Sanborn's men' refusing to poll, the oath of office was ad- 
ministered to Sanborn. The opposition claimed fraud, in that a 
number had voted for Sanborn who were not legal voters, and peti- 
tioned the governor and council to set aside the election and order 
another, Avhich was done. John Phillips, Esq., of Exeter, the 
founder of Phillips Academj', was appointed by them to come here 
and preside in the meeting, which he did. At this meeting Ben- 
jamin Tilton was elected clerk and continued to hold the office 
•until 1776. There was no contest over the election of selectmen. 
'The contest for a clerk appears to have grown out of the new meet- 
ing-house quarrel. The cases are few where a non-resident is called 
to jjreside in a town meeting. 



TOWN MEETINGS. 325 

Unayailing protests were made to tlie governor and council to 
declare illegal the calling of the meeting by Justices "Walter Emery 
and ISToah Bryant, which was the contested meeting in the new 
meeting-house in 1770. 

In a warrant for a meeting of the inhabitants of Hampton Falls 
and Seabrook, to be held November 1, 1776, to choose one man to 
represent them in the congress at Exeter, and also to elect five 
councilors, is appended the following: 

That no person be allowed a seat In the Council, or assembly, who 
shall by himself or any person for him before said choice, treat with 
liquor &c., any person with an apparent view of g'aining- their votes, 
or afterwards on that account. 

At this meeting Henry Bobie was chosen to represent Hampton 
Falls and Seabrook in the assembly to be holden at Exeter. The 
two towns united in choosing representatives until after 1800. 

"We find the following in relation to the first presidential elec- 
tion in 1788: 

State of New Hampshire, Eockingham S. S. Pursuant to an act of 
the General Court directing the mode of choosing- the representatives, 
and electors to choose a President of the Federal Government, and by 
SJ act the third Mondaj' of December is appointed for that purpose. 

Xotice is hereby given to the freeholders, inhabitants of Hampton 
Falls qualified to vote for state rei^resentatives to meet at this place on 
Monday, the fifteenth day of December next, at ten o'clock A. M. for 
the purposes aforesaid — And as it is a matter of the greatest import- 
ance and consequence, to us and future posterity, it is to be hoped that 
a general attendance will be given and that each one will endeavor to 
gain such information as shall enable him to act with wisdom, pru- 
dence and discernment. 

CALEB TILTON ") 

MICHAEL TILTON >■ Selectmen. 
NATHi HEALEY ) 

This was the first election of "Washington to the presidency. At 
this election thirty-five votes were cast for electors, and forty votes 
were cast for representative to congress. At the present time, 
many more votes are cast for president than for any other candi- 
dates which are upon the ticket at the same election. 

In the next presidential election, 1792, "Washington's second 
election, only eighteen votes were cast for electors; in 1796, twenty- 
eight votes were cast; in 180-1, forty-five votes; in 1808, eighty-eight 
votes. 



326 HISTORY OF HAMPTON FALLS. 

The first town meeting lielcl in the toAvn liall was in March, 1878, 
where all meetings have since been held. It is a much pleasanter 
and more comfortable place of meeting than the chapel, and the 
metings have been attended with much less friction than in the 
smaller cjiiarters. 

From a careful examination of the records it appears that the 
affairs of the town have been well and prudently managed. Those 
intrusted with the town's interests appear to have been men of 
judgment, and to have been honest in the discharge of their duties. 
No appearance of intentional dishonest}'' appears. Where mistakes 
have been made it appears to have been an error of judgment, and 
not intentional dishonesty. 



VOTES PASSED. 



We give below a variety of votes passed at different times and the 
reasons why some of them were passed. 

To protect themselves from attacks by the Indians the early 
settlers carried their guns to meeting, to be used in defense if neces- 
sary. Some of the ungodly may have thought it a good joke to 
discharge their guns occasionally to frighten those who were timid. 
To prevent this a fine was imposed. 

The act against using tobacco in and about the meeting-house 
was probably through fear of fire. The dwelling-houses were often 
clustered about the church, and a disastrous fire might be started 
from coals which had been used to light pipes. 

Sometimes in stormy weather, as there were no sheds, horses were 
driven for shelter into the meeting-house, which was rough and un- 
finished. To prevent this a fine was imposed on those who did it. 

Every family kept one or more dogs, many of which followed 
their owners to meeting on Sunday. There was always more or 
less noise and disorder among them. If not prevented they would 
come into the meeting-house during the service, and sometimes a 
lively dog fight would start up in the main aisle or in front of the 
pulpit during the sermon, which would require all the efforts of 
the church officer to quiet. While this was going on everything 
else came to a standstill. To keep the dogs from coming into the 
meeting-house and prevent interruptions of this kind, men were 
chosen in some towns, called "dog pelters," who sat near the door 
with cudgels in their hands to beat back any dog which might 
attempt to enter. Sometimes by a misdirected blow the dog would 
be forced in instead of out, and run howling through the house 
among the congregation. Instances of extreme cruelty are recorded 
against some of the dog pelters. 

1661. Voted a fine of five shillings be imposed upon any person who 
shall discharge a gun in the meeting house, or in any dwelling house, 
■without permission of the owner. The same penalty imposed upon 
any person who shall ride or lead a horse into the meeting house. 

327 



328 HISTORY OF HAMPTON FALLS. 

1665. To prevent damage by fire it is ordered that if any person 
shall take any tobacco, or carry any fire, or make use of any fire in 
the new meeting house or the south yard, they shall forfeit for every 
such offense 10 shillings. One half to the informer and the other half 
to the town. 

1687. The constable is to keep the youth from plaj'ing upon the 
Sabbath day. 

Tithing men Avere chosen, who had charge of a certain number of 
families, by vr-dj of oversight, and also to keep the boys in order 
about the church on Sunday. They were chosen for the latter pur- 
pose every j'^ear until 1854. It would appear asi if there had been 
some improvement in good behavior since those times, as there is 
now no need of the enforcement of the above votes. There would 
seem to have been an advance in decency, even if there has been 
some falling off in religious observances. 

1712. Voted, The town agree to allow the inhabitants of the Falls 
side to be at the expense of the fire wood furnished their minister, Mr. 
Cotton, and the expense of fencing the parsonage lands. The said 
expense to be fcollected bj' rate, the same as the rates for the whole 
town. 

1721. At a town meeting- held Jan. 1st 1721 of je new jjarish of Hamp- 
ton falls. One of the Selectmen of Salisbury appearing at the said meet^ 
ing with a copie of a vote from their record which signified that they 
w^ould not tax any inhabitant to ye northward of Can's brook. Pro- 
vided we of Ilampton falls would not tax any inhabitant South of s<i 
brook. Voted, we would comply with this proposal in ye vote. 

1723. Voted, any man who suffers his dog to come into ye meeting 
house on ye Lord's day shall pay a fine of five Shillings. 

1729. Agreed bj^ the selectmen of Hampton & Hampton falls, "Where 
the line between the towns shall cross any man's land or marsh it shall 
be taxed where the larger part is situated. The other town not to tax 
the remainder. 

1742. Voted, That if any person or persons belonging to this parish 
shall catch and kill any wolves within the limits of this parish from 
this day (IMar. 8th) to the last of June thej' shall have five pounds per 
head Old tenor. 

1761. Voted, That the selectmen provide a cow for the widow Abi- 
gail Longfellow, at the charge of the parish. She was the widow of 
Green Longfellow who died of the Small pox in 1760. 

1786. Voted unanimoiisly in the negative, not to emit a paper cur- 
rency- on the plan of the General Court. 

1791. It was put to vote to see if the meeting would vote anything 
for the services of the Committee in building the meeting house. Voted 
in the negative. 

1794. Caleb Haskel, WidoAv Eunice Wells, Xathi Dodge & Xathi 
Healey have apx^robation to mix and retail spirituous liquors. 



VOTES PASSED. 329 

1797. Annual meeting. Voted, that every man in the town cut what 
thistles he has in his own grounds, so as to prevent their seeding this 
year. And that it is recommended to non residents that they cut what 
thistles they have in their land among us. Voted, That the surveyors 
of the several districts of highways in this town be directed to cut 
what thistles they tind in the roads they repair in such season as will 
prevent their seeding this year. 

1827. The selectmen gi-anted three licenses to sell spirituous liquors 
on the training field at the fall muster. 

1832. Voted, That the instructors employed to keep the schools shall 
be examined by a man that has a liberal education as the la^v requires. 

In the warrant for the annual meeting, 1843, To see if the town will 
pass a vote to make a plan of the town showing each man's farm with 
the number of acres, separately, and take such measures as are neces- 
sary to carry the same into effect. 

Upon this article it was Voted, That the selectmen be hereby* em- 
powered to cause a survey to be made of the town, provided the ex- 
pense does not exceed one hundred dollars. 

This appears to have been a bright idea which had struck some 
one. The toAvn let him down easily, probably to the satisfaction 
of all concerned. 

1846. Kesolved that our representative be and hereby is instructed 
to use his best endeavor to abolish military musters in this state. 
1848. Voted to buy a hearse for the use of the town. 

1850. Geo. H. Dodge was imanimoush' chosen a delegate to the 
Constitutional Convention to revise the Constitution of the state. Only 
18 votes were cast. 

1851. On the vote to accept the amendments proposed to the Consti- 
tution, by this Convention, this town voted them all in the negative by 
large majorities. 

1855. Enoch J. Tilton was ajjpointed town liquor agent, liquors to 
be sold for mechanical and medicinal purposes only at 25 per cent above 
cost. 1856. Benj. F. Cram was appointed liquor agent. 1857. True M. 
Prescott. The agency was soon after discontinued. 

1859. Voted to present Levi Lane, Esq., a cane as a testimonial for 
his service In administering the oath of office to the town officers 
elected, he having performed this service at every meeting for a gen- 
eration past. John W. Dodge was selected to carry this vote into effect. 
The cane was bought, suitably inscribed, and presented. 



CATTLE UPON THE HIGHWAYS. 



Yeet soon after the war of independence was ended, we find that 
the town passed a vote at nearly every annual meeting to prevent 
cattle, horses, sheep, and swine from being pastured upon, or to 
run at large upon, the highways, under penalty of a fine. This vote 
having been passed with so much regularity, there must have been 
a strong sentiment against the practice, and the votes passed had 
some effect in restraining the evil. At the annual meeting, 1811, — 

Voted, That no horse, mare, colt, mule, jack, or anj- horned cattle 
shall go on or have pasture in any highway in Hampton Falls for the 
space of one hour, or more, on any day from the second Tuesday of 
March to the first day of November, in each year. That the owners of 
each horse, mare, colt, mule, jack, or horned stock so going in said 
highway aforesaid shall forfeit and pay for each offense the sum of 
two dollars, to be recovered as by lawsuit. Voted, That no sheep, 
lambs, or swine shall go to pasture in anj' highway in Hampton Falls 
for the space of one hour, or more, on any day from the second Tues- 
day of March to the first day of November in each year. That for 
each sheep, lamb, or swine so offending as aforesaid the owner or own- 
ers thereof shall forfeit and pay the sum of twentj' cents, to be recov- 
ered as by lawsuit. 

This by-law of the town appears to have had some effect, as we 
find no vote recorded in relation to cattle for a number of years 
after. In 1822, we find that the town adopted the following act, 
which had been passed by the legislature: 

Be it enacted by the Senate and House of Representatives in General 
Court convened. That any town at its annual meeting, or at any meet- 
ing legally holden for the purpose, may make by-laws to prevent 
horses, horse kind, mules, jacks, neat cattle, sheep, and swine from 
going at large in any street, highway, or common, or in any public 
IDlace within its jurisdiction, defined by known limits, from and after 
the first day of April until the last day of October in each year. On 
penalty that the owner or owners, or persons having the care of any 
horse, or horse kind, mule, jack, neat cattle, sheep, or swine so going 
at large shall forfeit a sum not exceeding four dollars for the breach 
of anv by-law so made, to be recovered by action of debt before any 

330 



CATTLE UPON THE HIGHAVAYS. 331 

justice of the peace to and for the use of the person who shall sue for 
the same, with costs of suit, unless it shall appear that such horses, 
or other creatures, as aforesaid, was going at large without the knowl- 
edge of the owner or jiersons having the care of the same, any law 
heretofore to the contrary notwithstanding. 

In 1822, the town voted to ado^Dt the provisions of the above act, 
making the j^enalty one doHar for each offense. It would seem 
that this proved effective, as no other vote in relation to it was 
passed for a number of years. That the town was in earnest will 
appear from its having its action recorded by the clerk of the Court 
of Sessions. 

Kockingham S. S. Court of Sessions, January term, Anno Domini 
1S23. On hearing and considering the foregoing by-law of the town of 
Hampton Falls, the Court of Sessions approve the same. Attest, 

P. CHADWICK, 
Clerk. 

After a few years we again find the town passing votes in relation 
to the matter, as cattle and horses had become troublesome from 
being allowed to run at large and find pasture upon the highways. 
The last vote in relation to it was in 1863, making the penalty two 
dollars for each offense. 

This evil was after a time effectually corrected in another way, 
which promises to be permanent. People refused to fence against 
animals in the highway. There is no law to compel land owners to 
fence against animals which may run at large. The owners are 
respo-nsible for any damage done by their animals. When this came 
to be generally understood, the laud owners removed their gates 
and fences on the road and around their buildings, which made a 
great improvement in the looks of their premises. 

The owners of animals, who had j)reviously allowed them to run 
at large, finding it expensive to continue the practice, have by com- 
mo-n consent concluded to feed their animals elsewhere, and a great 
nuisance and cause of annoyance has been removed. 



WEAEE BANK. 



The Weare bank receiTed its charter from the legislature of 
1854. It was duly organized and opened its doors to do business 
January 1, 1855. Moses Eaton, Jr., of South Hampton was presi- 
dent and John AV. Dodge was cashier. The first board of directors 
consisted of Moses Eaton, Jr., Uri Lamprey, Isaac Elwell, John B. 
Brown, Thayer S. Sanborn, Eichard Dodge, and James Locke. 

The bank was located in the. house of Thayer S. Sanborn. The 
entrance and piazza on the north side of the house were constructed 
for tlie accommodation of the bank. The two rooms upon that 
side of the house were used for banking purposes. The front room 
was used for the public, and was where the cashier received and 
paid out money to the customers who had any business with the 
bank. The room in the rear was used for the directors. A large 
burglar-jjroof safe was procured, in which to keep all moneys and 
securities. 

Th.e bank found no difficulty in loaning its money, as the first 
two years of its existence were years of general financial ^jrosperity. 
By law the amount of loans could be nearly as much as the capital 
stock and outstanding circulating notes. A reserve of a few thou- 
sand dollars in gold had to be kept for the redemption of any of 
the bank's bills which might be presented, and specie payment 
demanded. All solvent banks redeemed their bills in specie when 
presented, if asked to do so. This did not occur to any great extent 
unless the reputation and standing of the bank had become im- 
paired, but in times of financial panic, or if rumors were afloat that 
everything was not right with the bank, a great deal of difficulty 
would arise from this cause, and a run made on the bank. This was 
sometimes done by enemies of the bank, when there was no good 
reason for doing so. When ai bank could not redeem its bills 
which were presented, in specie, it must close its doors, and do no 
more business until things were put in projjer shape to do so. 
When this had been done, it took a long time to restore confidence, 

382 




JOHN W. DODGE. 
1819-1875 

See page 589. 



WEARE BANK. SSi? 

and put the bank in good standing with the community. Every 
effort was put fortli by the managers of a bank before allowing it to 
suspend. 

The bills to be of any value to the bank must be kept in circula- 
tion, and not allowed to remain in the vaults of the bank, or in the 
clearing house in Boston. Each bank sent all the bills of other 
banks which they could get in exchange for its own to Boston to 
the Bank of Mutual Eedemption, to redeem their own bills which 
had been sent there by other banks. If a bank succeeded in keep- 
ing a balance there in its favor it was allowed interest on that bal- 
ance. If a bank had an amount of its bills remaining there unre- 
deemed, they had to pay interest. 

Those who have done business only under the stable conditions 
of the national bank system can have no idea of the inconvenience 
and loss which were experienced under the old state bank system. 
There was much uncurrent and bad money in circulation. Bills 
on banks outside of ]S[ew England were refused and even Rhode 
Island money was looked upon with suspicion. When receiving 
money every bill was carefully scrutinized, and any suspected bill 
refused. Xearly every man who did business took the money he 
had received to the bank where he did his business, and exchanged 
what bills he had on other banks for the bills of his own bank, find- 
ing his only protection in paying out one kind of money. In this 
way the bills of all banks which were in circulation very soon found 
the way to the clearing house, where they must be redeemed. 

This was a serious difficulty with which the Weare bank had to 
contend, and although its officials and friends made every effort 
to change money with those doing business, they accumulated fully 
as fast in Boston as they could be redeemed. 

A small country bank had many disadvantages to contend with, 
beside keeping its bills in circulation. There were parties in other 
parts of the country who were anxious to get possession of these 
banks and use them for unlawful and SAvindling purposes. If 
they could get control of a bank they would borrow all the money 
possible on poor security, and by getting an overissue of bills into 
circulation in distant parts of the country, they would close the 
bank and those holding the bills would have to suffer the loss. Any 
bank where strangers were known to be hanging around or doing 
business was viewed with suspicion. There was the danger of bank 
robbers, who often selected those banks situated in small places, to 
operate upon. There were a great many bank-note reporters pub- 



334 HISTORY OF HAMPTON FALLS. 

lished in different parts of the country who could be influenced to 
report unfavorably any bank if they were paid to do so. This sys- 
tem of blackmail resulted in great inconvenience to the bank which 
they saw fit to attack. All of these things, except robbery, the 
Weare bank was called upon to contend with. 

January 1, 1857, Moses Eaton, Jr., resigned the office of presi- 
dent and there were changes in the board of directors. John B. 
Brown was chosen president, and continued to hold the office until 
his death, March, 1858. During this time the bank was called to 
go through the financial difficulties of 1857, which was a serious 
matter for it to do. The directors, by pledging their own private 
property, were enabled to carry it through. After Mr. Brown's 
death, Hon. Amos Tuck was chosen president, and continued until 
sometime in 1860, when a new deal was made. George H. Dodge 
acquired a controlling interest and was elected president, and 
Thomas L. Sanborn was made cashier. Mr. Dodge made arrange- 
ments whereby he expected to get the bank on to a solid basis, 
which he probably would have done had he lived. He died in 1862 
before his plans were fully consummated. 

After Mr. Dodge's death the bank commissioners, upon making 
examination of the affairs of the bank, concluded that it was for 
the interest of all concerned to close up its affairs, which was accord- 
ingly done, and at a considerable financial loss to the stockholders. 

It was a mistake to have ever located a bank in this town. The 
business of the community did not demand it, although it was often 
a convenience to many people. It labored under a great many dis- 
advantages. Only the most careful and skillful management could 
have made it successful. This it did not have in all cases. With 
so many things to contend with, it is no wonder it was not more suc- 
cessful. 

There were quite a number of small banks started about the same 
time in various parts of the state, but they were not found profit- 
able, and did not continue to do business for many years. Many of 
them, like the "Weare bank, resulted in quite a serious loss to the 
stockholders. Xone were ever changed into national banks. 




JOHN B. bROWN. 
1799-1858. 



Ll 



MILLS. 



At a town meeting held in Hampton December 26, 1656, Eobert 
Page was given permission to build a sawmill at Taylor's river at a 
convenient place — said place being north of the teacher's farm 
(Rev. Mr, Dalton's) — on the following conditions, viz.: That the 
mill be built within twelve months; that he furnish boards for 
three shillings per hundred; and that no man have more than a 
thousand feet at a time until every man that stands in need shall be 
supplied. The boards were to be merchantable and of such length 
as people desired. 

In 1657, for the purpose of forwarding the above work (building 
Minister Dalton's house), Eobert Page was released from building 
his sawmill for the space of one year. The reason for passing tliis 
vote appears to have been that somei of the carpenters engaged by 
Mr. Page were wanted to build the parsonage. " 

October 16, 1680, the owners of the old sawmill were given lib- 
erty to remove or rebuild the mill higher up Taylor's river, below 
the great swamp run. This location was at the place later known 
as the upper dam. 

In 1680, John Garland had liberty to erect a gristmill on Tay- 
lor's river where the first sawmill stood, "Provided his dam does 
not injure the present sawmill, and he grind com for one sixteenth 
part thereof." 

In 1708 John Garland had become one of the ten owners of the 
sawmill, which they now wished to move back to the old spot, or 
near thereabout. They built over the dam, the partners agreeing 
to share equally in the work and expense and to use the privilege 
by turns. Garland and his heirs were not to draw any water for the 
corn mill, "except upon the last third part of every man's turn, 
and then if they don't come to saw, he may draw water to grind the 
com as it comes to the mill if he can." The mill-gate was to be 
kept up through June, July, and August every year. Articles of 
agreement were signed Januar}^ 24, 1709. 

335 



336 HISTORY OF HAMPTON FALLS. 

The location of the dam for these mills was probably at the same 
place as at present. The probable reason for moving the sawmill 
to the upper dam in 1680 was that a dam could be built and kept 
there at less expense, as the stream was much narrower, but the mill 
would not be as convenient of access, nor have as much fall as on 
the lower site. 

These mills were known for many years as Garland's mills, and 
at a later period as Toppan's mills. The upper dam was made use 
of in the earlier days to hold back the water and serve as a reservoir, 
but the land above was flat and the flowage was troublesome. From 
this cause the second dam was abandoned. As near as can be ascer- 
tained this mill continued to be owned and operated by partners 
until it was bought by Aiken S. CoflBn i-n 1858. 

The sawmill was at first sixty feet from the south bank, and logs 
were rolled to it upon timbers extending to the shore. This space 
was shortened by filling, a portion at different times, until now the 
earthwork extends quite to the mill. In those days the lumber had 
to be carried out of the mill by hand, which was ven- hard work. 

When the mill was owned by partners one twelfth part, or one 
day in a fortnight, was called a turn. A turn was twenty-four hours 
long, beginning at sunrise and lasting until sunrise the next morn- 
ing. "When there was an abundance of water and a great deal of 
work, the mill was kept in operation during the entire time. Each 
man was supposed to keep the mill in as good repair as he found it. 
There was some grumbling when the mill was left by any one in a 
condition needing repairs before it could be again used. There was 
less complaint on this score than would have been supposed when 
the number using the mill was taken into account. It was an hon- 
estly managed corporation, with no dishonest managers or default- 
ing cashiers. The general repairs were made and assessed upon the 
partners. 

A general overhauling and remodeling of the mill was made in 
1849. A breast-wheel was put in and other up-to-date machinery, 
making a great improvement over the former mill. The up-and- 
down saw was quickened in its movements, and made one hundred 
and fifty strokes per minute. Two thousand feet of lumber could 
be sawed easily in a day. This mill was commonly known as the 
"Old mill." The last partners were Wells Healey, John B. and 
Thomas Brown, Xathan Moulton, Joshua James, Edward Shaw, 
and Aiken S. Coffin. 



MILLS. 337 

After Mr. Coffin became sole owner he made extensive repairs and 
improvements, and did a great deal of business. He sold to Arthur 
T. Wilbur, who became the owner of the entire mill privilege, own- 
ing the mills on each side of the stream. This was in 1875. He 
put in a circular mill in place of the upright saw. The mill on the 
Hampton side was burned June, 1876, and was never rebuilt. After 
a year or two Mr. Wilbur disposed of the sawmill to Jacob T. Brown, 
who removed the old mill and built a new one, having all the mod- 
ern improvements, planing, matching, etc. 

About 18-13, Aaron Prescott built a sawmill near his house, which 
he continued to operate until his death in 1853. He had some 
trouble with the land owTiers on account of flowage, as the land was 
very flat above the mill. After his death the land owners bought 
the privilege and sold the mill to Joseph Poor, who removed it to 
Kensington. 

Sometime during the latter half of the last century David Batch- 
elder built a sawmill upon Grapevine run, which he operated until 
1805, when it was removed. In 1830, his son, Moses Batchelder, 
rebuilt the mill and put in a second dam above. He did a great deal 
of business considering the size of the stream and the amount of 
water it afforded. About 1880 John T. Batchelder erected a grist- 
mill on a dam below the sawmill. Neither of these mills are now 
in operation. Tradition says that there was once a fulling mill on 
this stream, near the sawmill. There is no record to show at what 
time or by whom it was operated. 

About the 10th of May, 1618, the towTi granted unto Abraham 
Perkins and Henry Green, in consideration of building a water 
mill in the town of Hampton at the Falls river, twenty acres of 
upland as near the falls as could be had, and ten acres of salt marsh 
as convenient as could be had, and five acres of fresh marsh where 
it could be found, two acres of commonage, and all the swamp that 
lay between Henry Green's lot and his planting lot that was not 
yet given out. About three years later Green bought out his part- 
ners for thirty pounds. On the 19th of April, 1679, at a general 
town meeting, "Liberty was granted to Henry Green to set 'up a 
dam on the falls river above his dam that now is, provided it do not 
prejudice any town highway or particular man's property by flow- 
ing their land or ways." 

December 16, 1700, Capt. Jacob Green, son of Henr\^, wished to 
take down the old mill and build a new one. The town granted 
him the same privilege of the stream that his father flrst had "for 



3^8 HISTORY OF HAMPTON FALLS. 

Ills encouragement to new build the mill, as he shall make appear 
by the evidence. And when the mill is builded the said Capt. 
Green is to grind the toTm's com for the sixteenth part thereof 
when there is water to do it." Xathaniel Weare, Esq., dissents. 

The mill was deeded by Capt. Jacob Green to his grandson, 
Xathan Longfellow, who owned and occupied the property until 
1764, when he sold to Gen. Jonathan Moulton, who sold soon after 
to Nathaniel Hubbard Dodge, who built over the dams and added 
a third one. The mills have continued in possession of Mr. Dodge's 
descendants until the present time. He built the dams from stones 
suitable for the purpose in a natural state without splitting, which 
were found and collected from all parts of the town, and some 
brought from Kensington. The dams were built under the super- 
vision of Mr. Dodge, who did much of the work himself. The 
condition of the dams today shows that he was a workman who 
thoroughly understood his business. Xo repairs of any amount 
have been found necessarj,'. A sawmill was on one side of the 
stream, and a grist and clothing mill upon the other. The sawmill 
was removed in 1876. The gristmill has been rebuilt and is in 
operation at the present time. 

At a town meeting in March, 1790, — 

Voted, That whereas Mr. Nathaniel Hubbard Dodge has formed a 
plan for erecting in the town a fulling mill, and also a mill for the pur- 
pose of hulling barley, and as we can conceive such mills would prove 
very convenient and beneficial to the toTvn, we think it but reasonable 
to afford the said Dodge some assistance or encouragement to carry 
his said plan into execution. And we hereby covenant and agree with 
the said Dodge his heirs or assigns that if he or they ^vill erect the 
mills as above mentioned, we will pay unto the said Dodge his heirs 
or assigns the sum of nine pounds. Four pounds ten shillings to be paid 
as soon as the fulling mill is sett agoing, and the other four pounds 
and ten shillings to be paid as soon as the mill for hulling barley is 
sett agoing. And the selectmen shall pay the above sums recorded in 
the above vote without any other vote or order of the town respecting 
the same. 

Perhaps some account of the business done in a mill of this kind 
may not be out of place, as this kind of business passed out of exist- 
ence long ago. At that time nearly all the cloth was homemade, 
and made from the wool cut from the sheep kept upon the farm. 
To begin with, this wool was made into rolls, which was done with 
hand cards; then carding machines were invented, which did the 




HON. GEORGE H. DODGE. 
1808-1862. 

Prominent in Political and Railroad Matters, 



MILLS. 339 

business easier and better. The rolls were spun by hand and then 
woven into cloth on the hand loom. This work was done by the 
women folks in addition to their other household duties. Many of 
them were able to and did take the wool as it came from the sheep, 
doing all of the work, carding, spinning, weaving, and dyeing, and, 
in addition to this, cut and made the clothing worn by the family. 

To facilitate and assist the manufacturer of homemade cloth was 
the business of the clothing or fulling mills of those days. Enough 
of these mills were located at convenient points to meet the de- 
mands made upon them by the community. These mills continued 
in existence until the improved methods of the present century, by 
providing a better way, rendered them unnecessary. 

Fulling, also called milling, was the process of removing greasy 
matter from woolen goods and giving them a more compact tex- 
ture by causing the fibers to entangle themselves more closely to- 
gether, as in the process of felting. It took from sixty to sixty- 
five hours to properly full a piece of cloth. Considerable soap was 
used in the process. The cloth shrunk one fourth in width and 
length in the operation. The nap was raised by a process called 
"teazling." The business of carding, fulling, and dyeing was car- 
ried on here until after 1840, at first by Dudley Dodge. Afterward 
Eobinson, Goodhue, Charles Johnson, and others continued it as 
long as there was any business to be done. 

When this business closed George H. Dodge converted the mill 
into another use, the manufacture of batting and wadding, which 
was a success. The mill was run by both steam and water power. 
It was burned in August, 1847, but was quickly rebuilt, when bat- 
ting alone was made. He continued to manufacture until his death, 
in 1863. Mr. Dodge made the business a success, as he did every- 
thing else he undertook. The business was continued by his son, 
George D., but abandoned after a time. The mill remained idle 
for many years. In 1890 Arthur M. Dodge converted it into a 
hosiery mill, which he carried on for a time. The alteration of the 
tariff rates and the advantages which the larger manufacturers have 
over the smaller made it unprofitable to do business here. These 
causes compelled him to relinquish the business. The mill has 
since been unoccupied. 

We have noted that Nathaniel Weare dissented from the vote 
allowing Jacob Green to rebuild his mill and to give him the privi- 
lege to grind corn. It appears that Mr. Weare had a mill further 
up the Falls river, probably at or near the present site of Weare's 



340 HISTORY OF HAMPTON FALLS. 

mill. At what time the first mill was built here no record appears. 
By a grant of the commoners May 8, 1722, one acre was given Dea- 
con Nathaniel Weare near his sa-svmill. June 10, 1757, Meshech 
Weare deeded fifteen acres, more or less, to his nephew, Jonathan 
Weare, where the sawmill stands which formerly belonged to 
Nathaniel Weare, Esq. From Jonathan it descended in the family 
to the present o-\vners, George A. Weare one sixth, and Benjamin F. 
Weare five sixths. There was a gristmill connected with this mill 
which was kept in operation until about 1880. We remember when 
the corn meal made by "Uncle John Weare" was considered by the 
older people superior to that ground elsewhere. 

The day of permanent sawmills, located upon the streams and 
run by water, has al:)out gone by. Instead of taking the wood lot 
to the mill to be operated, the mill now goes to the lot, and the 
expense of teaming is in a great measure avoided. The mills of a 
generation ago have mostly passed away. Unless some new use is 
discovered the prospect now is that the water power in this section 
will be unused in the not far off future. 

In 1840 Jeremiah Lane built a windmill on the hill southeast 
from the Cock hill schoolhouse, for the purpose of grinding corn. 
The building was eight-sided, and from fifty to sixty feet in height, 
and was built in the most thorough and substantial manner. The 
arms were forty feet in length from the shaft. The building was 
framed by Joshua Pike. Owing to its peculiar shape and height, 
it was not an easy matter to put it together. Only good judgment 
and good workmanship could have accomplished it as well as it was 
done. The exposed situation of the mill caused some damage from 
high winds. One of the arms was often blown off, which made 
considerable expense -for repairs. The gearing and stones were a 
little too heavy to be operated by the wind, especially light winds. 
This mill ground com for a number of years, and made an excellent 
quality of meal. Mr. Lane afterward ground gypsum, or plaster of 
paris, which was then used somewhat extensively as a fertilizer. 
This was the last use the mill was put to. The running gear and 
granite stones were taken out and removed to Greenland, where 
they were in use for a number of years. The building was taken 
down about 1875. Mr. Lane removed to Candia and bought a farm 
in 1856. He died suddenly July 17, 1876, of heart disease, from 
the excitement attending the killing of two of his cows hj light- 
ning. He was 77 years of age. His father was Levi Lane, Esq., 
who was a prominent citizen of this town. 



SALT MARSH. 



In the Massachusetts historical collection appears the following: 

About the j-ear 1639 began the one and twentieth town, Hampton 
in the County of Norfolk to be built. It is situated near the sea coast, 
not far from the river Merrimack. The great store of salt marsh did 
entice the people to set down their habitation there, For as yet cows, 
and cattle of that kind, were not come to the great downfall in their 
price. They had about 450 head. 

From Belknap's History of New Hampshire, under date of 1638: 

About the same time a plantation was formed at Winnecumet, which 
was called Hampton. The principal inducement to the making this 
settlement was the very extensive salt marsh, which was extremely 
valuable, as the uplands were not cultivated so as to produce a suffi- 
ciency of hay for the support of their cattle. 

The marshes have always had an important bearing upon the 
agriculture of this town. The fact that good cro]Ds of hay could be 
cut year after year without expense for fence or manure was con- 
sidered a great advantage. The bringing upon land and feeding 
more hay than was j)roduced there could but tend to increase its 
productive capacity. The feeding of salt hay enabled many to sell 
English hay, which could often be done at a profit with no fear of 
impoverishing the fertility of the farm, which would be the case 
if no manure could be had from other sources, or if a less number 
of animals were kept and fed upon the land. With these advan- 
tages to be obtained we find the marsh was much sought for and 
its selling value per acre not much less than the uplands. In the 
sale of marsh the demand was generally fully equal to the supply. 

There are some reasons for supposing that the marsh has under- 
gone some change in its character since the first settlement of the 
country. Stumps of trees are found in many places, which would 
go to show that there had been a change of level in the surface at 
some not verj'- remote period. 

341 



842 HISTORY OF HAMPTON FALLS. 

The late Edward Shaw told the writer that what was now salt 
marsh above the turnpike was, since the advent of the white man, 
an alder swamp, which wonld indicate that the land was lower than 
formerly, or that from some cause the salt water did not reach it 
as readily in the earlier days as it does now. 

The marshes were divided, and owned in small tracts ranging in 
size from two to ten acres each. Nearly every farmer for a number 
of miles around had one or more pieces. The tendency has been 
for it to gradually concentrate into fewer hands, until at the present 
time it is owned by comparatively few. When it was first owned 
in small tracts, a great many persons could be seen at work at the 
same time, and the marshes presented a very busy appearance at the 
season of cutting. At that time working on the marsh was much 
enjoyed. It was a social time, where people saw each other and ex- 
changed news and discussed matters of interest. Old men, who 
from the infirmities of age were unable to go to the marsh, regretted 
it as much or more than anything else which age made impossible. 

Fifty years ago the old people told how many more could be seen 
at work upon thef marshes at one time when they were boys than 
at that time. The number of workers has kept steadily decreasing 
until the present, when the gangs of men seen at work at any one 
time are few and far between. In the early days it was the custom 
to get at work mowing as soon after daylight as possible, when the 
grass was wet with dew, as it cut much easier when wet than it did 
when dry. Considerable bragging and good-natured banter went 
on before it was light enough to see who was talking. When day- 
light came this ceased; no one offered to fight or do impossibilities. 
The news of the death of Gen. Jonathan Moulton was carried from 
Hampton to the Merrimack river in this way in a very short time 
before it was light on the morning he died, and at that time was con- 
sidered a very rapid transmission of news. This was before tele- 
graphs and telephones were known. 

One hundred years ago the black grass, now so common upon the 
higher marshes, was unkno^vTi. About that time a small patch 
appeared, which has since spread over a large area, and is consid- 
ered one of the most valuable varieties of marsh grass. 

After the introduction of the mowing machine the marsh soon 
began to lose its popularity. In a short time good mowers with 
hand scythes became scarce. Formerly there were many who prided 
themselves on their skill in handling the scythe, and depended 
upon getting a job every year upon the marsh at good wages. 




o 



1 



SALT MARSH. 343 

These men claimed to be able to cut from two to four acres in a 
day. There was quite a difference between the actual and the 
anticipated area cut. The average was not over an acre per day per 
man, although some coiild cut much more than that. Many could 
mow a great deal more with their mouths than with the scythe. 
When good mowers became scarce the marsh lost much of its pop- 
ularity and there was a great decline in price, until there was little 
or no demand for it at any price, and much of it was left uncut. 

Within a few years it has been found possible to substitute horse 
for hand labor upon the marshes, which has been done to a consid- 
erable extent and found to work well, and the work made much 
easier and less expensive than by the old methods. By this change 
in the manner of working, the marshes are slowly regaining some of 
their lost popularity. The different methods of treating the home 
lands to make them productive, the introduction of chemical and 
special manures, whereby lands may be made to produce crops with- 
out keeping animals to make manure to keep up the fertility, has 
had much to do in reducing the popularity and estimation with 
which the marsh was formerly held. It is doubtful if the marsh 
ever occupies again as prominent a place in our farming in future 
as it has in the past. 

The quality and often the quantity of hay was much increased by 
drainage. Open ditches were cut from two to three feet in depth 
and six or eight inches in width. As the marsh settled the ditches 
closed up at the top while remaining open at the bottom for a long 
time. After being ditched the marsh presented a much improved 
look, being clean and free from boggy places, and better kinds of 
grass came in. Since the marsh has been neglected the ditches in 
many places have become stopped, and it is going back to its former 
wet and neglected condition. 

William A. Hopkins, au Englishman who came to this town about 
18-1:8, dug hundreds of miles of ditches, which was his principal 
occupation until his death, about 1875. He bmlt the house on 
Murray's row now ocupied by William Brown. He resided here 
during the remainder of his life. Mrs. Hopkins was of a social 
nature and noted for her remarkable conversational powers. She 
died in 1879. 



STOEES. 



Peobably there is notliing in which there has been a greater 
change, from the past to the present time, than in the methods in 
which the country towns obtain their groceries and family supplies. 
Fifty years ago nearly all of this class of goods was purchased out- 
side of the town in the larger towns and cities. From some cause 
the people of this town patronized the dealers in Xewburj-port more 
than in other places. Probably at that time more groceries con- 
sumed in this town were procured there than in all other places 
combined. In those days Xewburyport was the favorite market 
town with our people for trade. On almost any pleasant day quite 
a number of this town's people could be seen there. Farm produce 
was taken to market there, sold for cash, or was bartered for sup- 
plies to be taken home. Xearly all the grain bought came from 
there. Com was bought in the olden time and taken home to be 
ground into meal by the local mills. After^^ard, and at a compara- 
tively recent date, meal began to be sold. This was considered to 
be a great advantage, as it saved the trouble of going to mill. The 
grain bought in ISTewbun'port in those days was taken home by 
team. K'ow, very few, comparatively, of our people go to Xew- 
bur3^port to purchase supplies. A few patronized the dealers in. 
Exeter, but that town had a reputation for demanding high prices, 
and was a poor market for what farmers had to sell. These causes 
kept the majority of our people from going there to trade. In later 
times quite an amount of the town's trade went to Hampton. 

The country stores in the earlier times kept only a small stock of 
goods and of little variety, — only such things as were most likely to 
be called for. Customers asked for many things in vain. At that 
time the country dealer was unable to compete in selling price with 
his brother trader in towTi. He could not buy on as favorable terms, 
and the cost of transportation was more. The trade in the country 
stores at that time was principally with those who did not keep a 
horse, or from other causes were obliged to trade at home. 

344 



STORES. 345 

After the railroads were built and people had learned to utilize 
them a change came. The country stores began to enlarge their 
facilities and keep a greater variety of goods, until now there are 
in nearly every town one or more stores which keep a large stock of 
all kinds of goods which are liable to be called for, — grain, groceries, 
hardware, medicines, dry goods, clothing, provisions, fanning tools, 
and other things too numerous to mention. 

When the modern country store is situated near the railroad sta- 
tion, goods can be sold as cheap as in any other place. The dealer 
can receive his goods as cheaply as the trader in town, while his 
rent and living cost less. The extension of the railroad system 
all over the country, and the low rates of freight for long distances, 
have all tended to give the country storekeeper important advan- 
tages not formerly possessed. In nearly all country towns the 
necessaries of life are now purchased in the town where used. 
Xearly all the stores have delivery wagons that carr}^ goods to the 
homes of the purchaser, and take orders for what may be needed 
the day following, so that many families never have occasion to go 
to the store. Since the country stores have increased the volimie 
and variety of their stock of goods, there has been a great falling off 
in the out-of-town trade in the larger places. 

What is true in this respect in nearly all country towns has also 
become the custom in Hampton Falls. Although there has always 
been one or more stores in the town since its early settlement, it is 
only ■u'ithin a very few years that the trade generally has been con- 
trolled by our local dealers. Now more than three fourths of the 
necessaries of life used in the town are purchased at home. The 
great saving in time and travel which is now possible under this 
method of doing business is not taken into account when people 
speak of the good old times, which many people appear to regard as 
better than the present. 

The first store kept in the town of which we have any knowledge 
was on the south road, on the corner where S. B. Pervear now lives. 
It was in the latter part of the last century, and was kept by Jere- 
miah Gove's wife. The ledger kept by her is still in existence and 
shows that she kept a stock of teas, wines, spices, snuff, rum, gro- 
ceries, etc., and had a good amount of trade in liquids if not in 
other departments. 

Among the earlier storekeepers in the lower part of the town 
were John Porter and George Janvrin. The present store has been 
in existence a great many years. In its early days, and it was prob- 



346 HISTORY OF HAMPTON FALLS, 

aLly put there as soon as built, was a sig-n over the door which read 
"Foreign and Domestic Goods." This sign continued and did duty 
for a great many occupants of the store, until, because of old age 
and decay, it had to be removed. 

Among those who did business in this store were Josiah Batch- 
elder, who afterward lived in Amesbury and died there a few years 
ago. A man named Crocker was here for a short time, as was also 
George H. Dodge. Elijah Valentine, who came from Massachu- 
setts, occupied the store for a number of years. He removed to 
Palmer, Mass., and afterward went west. William H. Hills and 
John N. Sleeper, who came from Plaistow and had been students 
in the academ}^ bought out Mr. Valentine and kept the store for a 
time. Mr. Hills was appointed postmaster. He is still living in 
Plaistow, where he has a nursery and does some law business. Mr. 
Sleeper, after leaving here, engaged in the shoe business in Haver- 
hill and became well off. He died within a year or two. After 
Hills & Sleeper, Joseph T. Sanborn kept the store for five years or 
more, until he went to California in 1854. He was succeeded by 
Enoch J. Tilton, who kept the store for a year or two at this time. 
Then George D. Dodge, Larabee, and Standley, each successively, 
were in trade here. Enoch J. Tilton then returned and kept the 
store a dozen years or so, until 1872. He was appointed postmaster 
twice during the time, in 1861 and again in 1869. After leaving 
here he was in trade for a time in Iowa. He returned and was em- 
ployed at Marche's cash store in Kewburyport for a number of years. 
He was afterward in trade under the firm name of Tilton & Gerrish, 
until his death in 1885. Up to this time Joseph Sanborn and 
Enoch Tilton did more business than any who had previously occu- 
pied the store, but each did his work without the assistance of a 
clerk. The store was kept again by G. D. Dodge; then by C. C. 
Green and James H. Sanborn. 

The present proprietor, C. N". Dodge, having enlarged the store 
and keeping a great variety of goods, has been enabled to extend 
and increase his business along all the lines carried in a country 
store at the present time. While in the early days of this store one 
man could attend to all the business which came and have consid- 
erable leisure, Mr. Dodge and two assistants have more than they 
can. attend to and additional help has to be employed. The post- 
office has been kept here since 1885. 

C5'rus Brown had a store near his residence where he did consid- 
erable business more than fifty years ago. He met with some 



STORES. 347 

reverses, but the store continued to do business for a number of 
years after. The postotEce was Icept here for a number of years 
previous to 1853, when it was removed. The building where this 
store was kept was destroyed by fire many years ago. James W. 
Green, a native of Chester, came here in 1853, and opened a store 
which was connected with his house. He was appointed postmaster 
in 1853, and held the office about ten years under two different 
appointments. He continued in business until 1880, when he was 
succeeded by his son, Charles C. Mr. Green died in 1883. He had 
considerable trade, but from being over-cautious did not keep the 
variety or quantity of goods on hand which would have enabled 
him to make much larger profits. Charles C. Gree-n kept the store 
until his death in 1885. He was postmaster at that time. Since 
his decease the store has been unoccupied. George W. Leavitt 
built a store upon the "heater" which he has since occupied, selling 
some groceries, cigars, tobacco, confectionery, etc. 



BLACKSMITHS. 



Ix the summer of 1667, Daniel Tilton asked liberty to "set down 
here as a smith," engaging to do the town's work "upon as good 
terms as any other man that doeth use that trade in these parts, 
and that for the term of four years/' The town voted to receive 
him and granted him four acres of land adjoining the farm of 
Joseph Shaw. The conditions of the grant were that the said Dan- 
iel Tilton should have liberty to improve it or dispose of it to any 
other smith that the town could have no exception against, and if 
any other smith should come and settle in the town within the term 
of four years and succeed in drawing away the custom from Tilton, 
that the liberty to dispose of his land to the town, or, on the town's 
refusal, to any purchaser he could find, be given him. Tilton 
accepted these conditions and the four acres of land were laid out, 
having Joseph Shaw's farm on the northwest and the country way 
on the southeast, the lot being ten rods wide at the northeast end 
and twenty-two rods at the southwest end and forty rods in length. 
This lot was situated where the Baptist church and cemetery are 
now located, at the hill. The farm of Joseph Shaw was afterward 
occupied by Governor "Weare, who married Mr. Shaw's daughter, 
from whom the farm was inherited. 

Daniel Tilton was the first of the name of Tilton who lived in 
the town, and was the ancestor of all of the name who have ever 
lived in the town. Capt. Jonathan Tilton, who was prominent in 
town matters in the years just preceding the Eevolutionary War, was 
a grandson of Daniel Tilton. iSTathan Tilton, a grandson, had a 
blacksmith shop near the Unitarian church. His sons, Benjamin 
and Stephen, were blacksmiths. Benjamin lived where Albert S. 
Smith lives, Capt. Stephen where Henr}- H. Knight now lives. 
He had a shop near his house, and did much of the town's work, 
probably all in the upper part of the town. He died in 1821. 
There had been blacksmiths by the name of Tilton in the town for 
more than one hundred and fifty years, from Daniel, in 1667, till 
the death of Capt. Stephen in 1821. 

348 



BLACKSMITHS. 349 

Eben Brown was a blacksmith and had a shop on the spot wliere 
Horace A. Godfrey's lawn now is. He was a ship smith, and did 
iron work for Xathaniel Healey and others, who at that time were 
bnildi-ng vessels. He must have been there soon after the close of 
the Eevoliitionary War. He shod the stage horses. He was a man 
of ingenuity and designed new patterns of shoe buckles, etc. He 
came here from Seabrook. 

Aaron M. Gove afterward had a shop on the same spot. Before 
coming here he lived on the south road where Warren B. Pervear 
now lives, and had a shop there. He came here about 1836, and 
built the house now occupied by Mr. Godfrey. He died in 1850. 
There was a blacksmith shop in this immediate vicinity where the 
stage horses were shod from the time the stages began to run. 
Jonathan Steward, who was a Eevolutionary soldier from this town, 
appears to have worked here. He disappears from the record, 1787. 

About 1835, or after the Christian Baptist society built their 
new meeting-house, the old building, which had previously been 
used for a church, was sold to Eichard C. Marsh, who moved it to 
the north side of the road, near Kenny brook, on land now owned 
by Mr. Towle. The old church was fitted up for a blacksmith shop. 
Eichard Marsh, with the assistance of helpers, oftentimes his broth- 
ers, who were all blacksmiths, did a large business in horse and cat- 
tle shoeing. He remained here until 1846, when he removed to 
Amesbury, where he was a popular horseshoer for many years. He 
was succeeded by his brother Alfred, who continued here until 
1855, when he we-nt west. Alfred did a very large business of horse- 
shoeing. People at the present time would be surprised to see the- 
number of horses which came here to be shod, some of them from 
quite a distance away. Both the Marshes were expert horseshoers. 
Horses lamed by shoeing were not much heard of after being shod 
by them. Before locating here both had shod horses for the EasK 
em Stage Company at their shop in jSTewburyport. Colonel Col- 
man, who was agent of the company, said that they were the most 
skillful shoers he had ever employed. Alfred Marsh was a giant, 
weighing more than four hundred pounds. He was engaged in 
blacksmithing and farming after leaving here. He died in the 
town of Hart, near Winona, Minnesota, in 1868. He had a large 
family, a number of whom survive him. One or more of his sons 
were killed in the war of the Eebellion. Some of his sons are en- 
gaged in the cattle business in the northwest, and have been finan- 
cially successful. 

23 



350 HISTORY OF HAMPTON FALLS. 

After Mr. Marsh left the shop it remained idle for a number of 
years. William Truesdale bought it and moved it across the road, 
living in one part and using the remainder for a blacksmith shop. 
When he removed to Salisbury, Mass., the old shop was taken down, 
and the shop now standing at Gravelly ridge was built from the 
lumber taken from it. 

John F. Jones and George S. Merrill occupied the present shop 
on the main road below the hill. They had a prosperous business 
for a number of years, in slack times getting carriage work from 
Amesbury. After a time Mr. Merrill retired, Mr. Jones and his 
son Charles continuing the business until the death of Mr. Jones in 
1889. John Jones was a good horseshoer, and a neat job work- 
man. Charles went to Amesbury and afterward removed to Con- 
necticut. J. J. Kelley of Newburj^port occupied the shop for a few 
3"ears. The Harrison brothers, who came from St. John, New 
Brunswick, are the present occupants and do a large business. 

There have been a number of other blacksmiths in the town at 
different times, of whom we have little definite knowledge. There 
have been times when considerable of the town's work was taken 
outside the town to be done. Enoch P. Young of Hampton, who 
Avas one of the most skillful workmen ever in this vicinity, has done 
. a great deal of work for the people of this town, as have other black- 
.smiths in Hampton, Seabrook, and Exeter. 



SHOEMAIEES. 



The first we rememljer of shoemakers was when Capt. Caleb 
Towle made custom boots and shoes in a little shop near his house. 
Those who wanted foot-wear went there and had their feet meas- 
ured, oftentimes carrying their own leather, which had been tanned 
from the hides of animals killed upon the farm. If the customers 
did not have the leather he would supply it. The first boots ever 
worn by many of the older men in the town were made by Captain 
Towle. He also did men ding and repairing, called cobbling. 

John Brown, Esq., did quite a large business in custom work in 
the upper part of the town. Sewall Brown did a great deal of 
mending and cobbling. Before these men made boots and shoes 
in their shops it was the custom for the shoemaker to take his kit 
of tools and go from house to house, where he worked until each 
member of the family was supplied. This method was known as 
"whipping the cat." All this happened before the days of read}-- 
made goods, and the appearance of boot and shoe stores in every 
place of any considerable size. 

After this there were a great many sale shoes made in the town 
in little shops or in a room in the dwelling-house fitted for the pur- 
pose. Ladies' turned shoes were the kind made here. A great 
deal of money was earned in this town by doing this kind of work 
Mty years ago. The binding of shoes was quite an industry in 
many families. The women and girls earned e-nough in this way to 
clothe themselves and have some ready money to use for other pur- 
poses. As they lived at home they had no additional expense to be 
taken from their earnings. In those days the work was mostly 
obtained from Lyrm, and so much work was done in the towns 
about here that a number of shoe expressmen found employment 
in bringing and returning work. Brown Brothers did quite a large 
business in this line during and in the years after the war. 

But the fashion of this world changes, and great changes were 
made in the methods of shoe manufacturing. jSTow, the work is 

351 



352 HISTORY OF HAMPTON FALLS. 

mostly done in large establishments by machinery. But very little 
work is done anywhere by hand. In these large establishments 
each workman or woman does one thing only, each shoe passing 
through a number of different hands before being completed. 
Those who are called expert workmen under this system would be 
unable to do the entire work and make a shoe. Since the change 
in the methods of manufacture, those who can obtain work to do 
at home are comparatively few. In this as in everything else the 
big concerns are enabled to do the work cheaper, and this makes it 
impossible for the small establishments to exist and do business. 
This is not an advantage to the common people, as under the old 
system many people could employ their leisure time at home in a 
way which brought in considerable income, and was a great improve- 
ment to the financial condition of the family. 

In 1846 and 1847 Hills & Sleeper, who were at that time occu- 
pants of the store, employed a number of men in the manufacture of 
shoes in the room over the store. This was the first instance where 
a number of men in this town ever worked together under the direc- 
tion of one man or firm in the manufacture of shoes. Some years 
after, Ira X. Blake and George T. Stanley manufactured shoes at 
the same place. 

In 1871 and 1872 Jerome Ingalls of Lynn, Mass., occupied the 
old Eockingham Academy building as a shoe-shop. A large busi- 
ness was done here, and a great many workmen employed. During 
his stay a great deal of money was earned by the local workmen, as 
the prices paid were much higher than at present. 

John A. Dow built the shop on the Newburyport road, which was 
occupied at first by Sweetser of Lynn, afterward by Lancaster of 
the same place. During his occupancy, Ira X. Blake had charge 
of the shop and a large amount of business was done. In 1880, 
Blake & Lancaster moved their shop to Pittsfield, where the busi- 
ness was much enlarged and continued for a number of years. 
After them came Tibbetts of Lynn for a few years. This shop has 
not been in operation for a number of years. 

There are iisually a few workmen who live here who find employ- 
ment in the shops at Xewburj'port, going and returning daily upon 
the train. 



MILK BUSINESS. 



In 1849, the first milk Avas sent from this town to supply the Bos- 
ton retail market, and it was probably the beginning of the busi- 
ness of sending milk from Xew Hampshire to Boston, which has 
since assumed large proportions and become a matter of a great 
deal of importance to the farmers all over the state. A man named 
McLoud began the business here, taking from one to two hundred 
cans daily, which were carried upon the passenger train. Mr. 
Charles F. Chase collected the milk every morning in season to put 
it on the first train, which reached here at 7.30 a. m. Milk was 
then sold by beer measure. Our farmers thought that the cans 
were very large and that it took a great deal of milk to fill them. 
There were two sizes of cans in use, — seven and eight quari;. The 
seven-quart can was the same size as those holding eight quarts and 
one pint, now in general use. The eight-quart cans held nearly 
ten quarts, wine measure. Mr. McLoud continued the business for 
two or three years. 

In 1852, the business appears to have been managed by the pro- 
ducers. True M. Prescott went daily to Boston with the milk and 
attended to its distribution and sale. In 1853, Charles T. Brown 
was the messenger who went with the milk and made the returns 
to the producers. Before 1854, the milk was carried to Boston on 
the passenger train. At this time a change was made and the milk 
was transported upon the freight train in a car specially fitted for 
the purpose. The milk was loaded and iced in the evening, and 
expected to reach its destination in good order next morning, al- 
though the freight trains at that time did not run with the regular- 
ity that they do at the present. At first ice was only used in warm 
weather; now it has been found necessary all the year. About 1855, 
Mr. F. W. Atkins owned and conducted the business, which he con- 
tinued to do until the beginning of the war in 1861. He owned the 
farm now occupied by Albert S. Smith, which he carried on by ten- 
ants who collected the milk from the farmers and loaded it "into 

353 



354 HISTORY OF HAMPTON FALLS. 

the car. He built a large and expensive barn upon his farm in 
1857. 

Mr. Charles F. Chase, who was station agent, conducted the busi- 
ness for a number of years during the war and a little later. He 
was succeeded by a man named Tuxbury. His agents who attended 
to the business here were Gen. C. A. Xason and Mrs. Mary A. Dow. 
After them Hodgdon & Libby managed the business in such a man- 
ner as to cause the loss of several thousands of dollars to our farmers. 

The business had at this time reached a low ebb, when the Lynn 
Milk Company acquired it a-nd moved its headquarters to Hamp- 
ton, where they invested considerable money in building a large 
stable and ice-house, keeping a number of horses and men and do- 
ing the whole business of collecting and loading the milk, which 
now went to Lynn market, where it has continued to go. In 1893, 
Lemuel Brock of Lynn took the car. He kept the. business until 
the spring of 1896. Mr. Brock treated the farmers better than any 
contractor we had previously had. 

H. P. Hood & Sons now own and conduct the business. Harry 
B. Brown of this town has collected the milk and had entire charge 
of the business at this end of the route since it was purchased by 
Mr. Brock in 1893. . 

It appears that the farmers of this town have sold milk for about 
fifty years, and it must be conceded that the business has been a 
benefit to the town during that time. Much of the ready money 
which has been received by the farmers of the town during that 
time has been received from the sale of milk. They have usually 
been paid every month, so that the money invested has been used 
often and has become quick capital. A great deal of grain has been 
fed, and the large amount of good manure made and applied has 
increased the fertility of the farms, encouraging other money crops 
to grow, so that there has been an indirect as well as a direct benefit 
to those who have engaged in the business. Those who have sold 
milk have, as a rule, been more prosperous than those who have not. 
Although the price of milk has been low in many instances, it has 
amounted to a good sum when the whole year is taken into the 
account. 

There has always been considerable fault found with the con- 
tractors in relation to the methods by which they conduct the busi- 
ness. The producers justly complain that they have no voice in set- 
ting the price, or in saying how much they are to receive for the 
milk ; that in flush times they receive a great deal of sour milk which 



MILK BUSINESS. 355 

is sent back, while as good, or poorer, milk in a scant time is taken 
without any question. The farmers claim that when they deliver 
the milk in good order it should be paid for, regardless of the con- 
dition of the market, and that they should not be called upon to 
stand more than their proportion of the loss, which in too many 
instances they appear to do. 



ROCKINGHAM ACADEMY, 



The idea of an academy at Hampton Falls was first considered 
at the Portsmouth Baptist Association meeting held at Chester 
October, 1833, and a committee was appointed to inquire into and 
investigate the merits of the project, and to see if the proposed loca- 
tion was a proper one, and if they should be favorably impressed, 
to see if the friends of education in that place would erect a suitable 
building for the purpose. The investigation proved satisfactor}^, 
and a committee consisting of George H. Dodge, Eichard Dodge, 
Thayer S. Sanborn, and Nathan Brown promptly erected a building 
suitable for the purpose at a cost of $1,900, which amount was raised 
in the town. It was built upon the common opposite the Baptist 
church. The building was fifty feet in length and thirty-two feet 
in width, two stories, hip-roofed, with a bell tower, and steeple ris- 
ing from the center. 

On the 10th of September, less than one year from the time of 
the original conception of the idea, the academy had been built, 
dedicated, and formally opened wdth appropriate ceremonies, in- 
cluding an address by Eev. Baron Stow. The first term of the 
school commenced September 10, with Eev. Oliver Ayer as principal 
and Miss Caroline Garland, who soon after became Mrs. Ayer, as 
assistant. The salary of the principal was $500 per year; that of the 
assistant, five dollars per week. The school was uader the control 
of a board of nineteen trustees appointed annually by the Baptist 
association, the proprietors of the building having the right to nom- 
inate seven of the number. 

The first annual report of the secretary, Eev. J. Xewton Brown, 
showed a very prosperous condition of affairs. A philosophical 
apparatus had been secured, a library established, and a reading- 
room fitted up and supplied with current literature. The board 
of instruction had been increased to four. The attendance at the 
summer term had been ninety, the whole number of different schol- 
ars during the year 151. The income from tuition had been enough 

356 







-.-<*E«-'i 



f'l 



^f^'nQ 



rilw 



ROCKINGHAM ACADEMY. 357 

to meet all current expenses, and ninety-five students had been en- 
rolled for the ensuing term. By the second annual report, October, 
1836, we learn that the fall term, under the instruction of Mr. Ayer 
and his assistants, had continued eleven and one half weeks, and 
was attended by one hundred and two scholars; the winter term 
of seventeen weeks by sixty-six scholars. The summer term had 
ninety-six pupils. The whole number of different scholars in at- 
tendance during the year was one hundred and thirty-eight. 

An act of incorporation was obtained this year by which the 
building was to revert to the proprietors when the school should 
remain closed for six months. Mr. Ayer resigned his position as 
principal at the end of the second year. During the time Mr. Ayer 
was principal were the most prosperous years of the academy. The 
want of a permanent fund made it difficult to command and retain 
teachers of the first ability. This proved a serious impediment in 
the way of success. Efforts were made at different times to raise 
an endowment fund, but the friends of the academy in this town 
had done all they were able in erecting the building, and its patrons 
and friends were not wealthy. The deficiency commenced in the 
second year of the school's existence and continued all the time 
after except when the principals could be induced to assume the 
responsibilities themselves. Mr. Ayer died in 1899, aged eighty- 
eight years. 

Mr. Ayer was succeeded by Mr. Moses Burbank for a year and a 
half. During his term of service there was a large falling off in 
attendance. ' In 1837, an unsuccessful attempt was made to raise 
funds to establish a boarding-house in connection with the school. 
The town's people must have been friendly to the school, when 
they were willing to take students to board at $1.50 per week, includ- 
ing lights and washing. Some students who wished to still further 
reduce their expenses boarded themselves in the room over the 
store. Mr. Burbank was succeeded by Eev. Timothy P. Ropes for 
one year. The tuition for a year was fourteen dollars for three 
terms. The attendance the first term was forty-one ; second, forty- 
two; third, fifty-seven. Owing to ill health Mr. Eopes resigned at 
the end of the year. He died in 1874. From this time until May, 
1842, the school was conducted by different principals with no very 
marked success, and a much smaller attendance than at first. 
Among those having charge during this time was Eev. J. W. Poland, 
who died a few years since at Goffstown, N. H. In May, 1842, the 
school was opened by Eev. 0. 0. Steams, assisted by Mrs. Stearns. 



358 HISTORY OF HAMPTON FALLS. 

The school continued under his charge for one year, to the satis- 
faction of alL Mr. Steams during this time supplied the pulpit 
of the Baptist church on the Sabbath. The combined duties were 
too much for his strength. After this the school was taught for a 
short time by Prof. A. Briggs, who also supplied the pulpit. 

In November, 1843, Eev. Zebulon Jones signed an agreement, 
taking charge of the school upon his own responsibility. This 
arrangement continued until the summer of 1851, and it was the 
longest and most satisfactory of any in the history of the school. 
Mr. Jones was a man of endiirance and of great executive ability. 
He was burdened with an invalid wife. He performed the duties 
of pastor of the church all the time he resided here. During a por- 
tion of the time he conducted a large boarding-house, boarding 
most of the out-of-town students. For a time he was county school 
commissioner. His school at times numbered seventy-five or more. 
The school suffered somewhat by his attendance upon other duties. 

We are able to present the following sketch of the life of Mr. 
Jones: Eev. Zebulon Jones was the so-n of Dea. Amzi Jones, and 
was bom in Cornwall, Yt., September 8, 1812. He labored on his 
father's farm until he was about eighteen years of age. He fitted 
for college at ISTewton Academy at Shoreham, Vt., and graduated 
from Middlebury College in 1836. Immediately after graduation 
he became principal of the academy at Hancock, jSI". H., and was at 
the same time pastor of the Baptist church in that town, having 
been ordained there to the work of the Gospel ministry. He re- 
mained there until 1839, when he became pastor of the Baptist 
church in Peterborough. In 1843, he removed to Hampton Falls, 
N. H., as principal of the Eockingham Academy and pastor of the 
Baptist church, in which relation he continued until 1851. While 
here he was county school commissioner and a member of the state 
board of education and was chairman of that body. His interest in 
educational work in the state at large was deep and fruitful of much 
good. For a few years after leaving Hampton Falls he was pastor 
of the churches in Monkton and Cornwall, Yt., and for some little 
time he was engaged in secular business, and for a year or more 
colporteur of the publications of the American Baptist Publication 
Society. About 1868, he resumed the work of the ministry as 
pastor of the Baptist church in East Hubbardton, Yt., and contin- 
ued in that relation until his death March 2, 1883. Mr. Jones was 
a ripe scholar, a thorough and successful teacher, a strong and ner- 



ROCKINGHAM ACADEMY. 359 

vous writer, an acceptable preacher. At the time of his death he 
was the oldest settled Baptist pastor in the state of Vermont. 

For two terms after Mr. Jones the school was under the charge 
of Mr. Joshua M. Pitman, a good scholar and a fine man, but one 
who lacked discipline and executive ability. He was succeeded 
in March, 1852, by Lysander Dickerman, who had been serying as 
associate principal of Pierce Academy at Middleboro, Mass. He 
brought with him a number of young men of the better class who 
became students. His administration was characterized by thor- 
oughness of instruction and strictness of discipline, in both of which 
qualities the school had at times been deficient. The school under 
his management came nearer being an ideal school than anything 
ever seen in this vicinity. It is to be regretted that he could not 
have continued longer, and that a fuller record of his time could 
not have been preserved. No catalogue was issued during the six 
terms he was here. The residence and present whereabouts of 
many who were here at that time are unknown. After leaving here 
Mr. Dickerman graduated from Andover, Mass., Theological Sem- 
inary. He was settled in Eindge and Walpole in Ncav Hampshire, 
and in other places. He is now a retired clergyman, living in New 
York City. 

Lysander Dickerman was bom June 8, 1825. He fitted for col- 
lege at Phillips Academy, Andover, Mass.; was graduated from 
Brown University, Providence, E. I., in the class of 1851. He 
taught for a time at Pierce Academy, Middleboro, Mass., came to 
Hampton Falls February, 1852, and took charge of Eockingham 
Academy as principal. He remained here six terms, leaving in 
1853. During his short stay in Middleboro he had become very 
popular with the students, eighteen of whomi came with him to 
Hampton Falls to be fitted for college. These students added not 
a little to the popularity and high character of the school, which 
consequently numbered during his principalship from sixty to sev- 
enty pupils. He was graduated in 1857 from Andover, Mass., 
Theological Seminary; M'as settled as pastor of the Congregational 
church at Weymouth, Mass., until 1869. He then spent three 
years in Egypt and at the German universities of Halle and Berlin. 
January, 1873, he was settled in Quincy, 111., and later in San 
Francisco, Cal., till the autumn of 1880. Since then he has lec- 
tured on Egyptian archaeology in various universities. He received 
the honorary degree of Doctor of Divinity from Brown University 
in 1893. Mr. Dickerman was loved and respected by his pupils, a 



360 HISTORY OF HAMPTON FALLS. 

few of whom still survive, and cherish pleasant memories of his 
instruction. 

Mr. Dickerman was succeeded Ijy Mr. Francis M. Dodge of AVen- 
ham, Mass., who taught the school successfully for a numher of 
terms. He resigned in November, 1855, because the trustees would 
assume no financial responsibility. After this the school was 
taught for a short time by Mr. George B. Elden of Maine, Eev. 
Alfred Colbum, and others, with no great success. The number of 
scholars was small. 

In 1864, the clerk was instructed to ascertain the names of the 
proprietors of the Academy building, and reported as follows: 
Eichard Dodge, nine shares; George H. Dodge, seven; John W. 
Dodge, five; T. S. Sanborn, three; D. Janvrin, two; John S. Tilton, 
two. In 1865 and 1866, an attempt was made to ascertain the legal 
claims of the association upon the Academy building, and report 
some course for final action. This closes the record. 

In 1871, the building was occupied as a shoe factory. This con- 
tinued for a year or two. In 1874, an attempt was made to have 
the town fit up the lower story for a schoolroom and the upper for a 
public hall. After an exciting contest at the annual meeting in 
March it was voted to do so, and a committee was chosen to carry 
the vote into effect. From some cause it was considered desirable 
to call another meeting in relation to the matter, which was accord- 
ingly done on the 29th of March. This meeting was very fully 
attended. The prosecution was conducted by X. H. Eobie and Wil- 
liam H. Dodge as attorneys. The defense was attempted by a num- 
ber of citizens. The great legal ability shown on this occasion by 
these attorneys, together with the skill with which they handled the 
case, made it an easy matter for "Academy up" to be carried by a 
large majority. There was a great deal of ill feeling sho^^^l at this 
meeting. A committee Avas chosen to carry out the vote, but no 
one cared to be responsible in the matter, as the title of the building 
was in doubt. It probably belonged to those who claimed to own 
it, but no one of them had any documents which would substantiate 
their claims, so the matter which had excited so much ill feeling 
was allowed to drop. The Academy building was destroyed by an 
incendiary fire on the night of April 30, 1875. 

Previous to the erection and occupation of the Baptist meeting- 
house in 1836, the church service had been held in the Academy 
hall, and up to 1871 this hall had been used more or less for religious 
services, sometimes on the Sabbath but more especially for evening 
meetings. 




LYSANDER DICKERMAN. 

Principal of Rockingham Academy, 1852-53. 



ROCKINGHAM ACADEMY. 361 

The presidential election in this town in 1864 was held in the 
Academy hall, as were a number of the special town meetings dur- 
ing the war of the Eebellion. The hall was also used for levees, 
lectures, entertainments, dances, etc. After its destruction it Avas 
much missed by those who had been in the habit of going there. 

The bell which was destroyed by fire was the first and only one 
ever hung in the town up to that time. It cost about one hundred 
dollars, three fourths of which was contributed by the citizens and 
one fourth by the trustees. It was used by the Baptist church to 
call its congregation for religious services. It was tolled for the 
first time at the funeral of Dudley Dodge in 1834. 

The folloAving were prominent members of the board of trustees: 
Eev. Silas Insley, "William Lampson, N. Hooper, C. W. Flanders, 
Oliver Ayer, Samuel Cook, J. W. Poland, Samuel Cleaves, G. C. 
Brown, Peter Sanborn, William Brown, Eichard Dodge, and George 
H. Dodge. George H. Dodge acted nearly all the time of its active 
life as its treasurer, and always took an active interest in its welfare. 

This institution exerted a very beneficial influence on the place 
in awakening a desire for culture and affording the means. The 
self-denying efforts of its founders were not wasted, for its alumni 
have an honorable record. The annual exhibitions held in its early 
days were of great merit and not soon to be forgotten. 

Perhaps some may be led to ask why a school which had at times 
so large an attendance, and showed so much life, should have ceased 
to exist, and it is not a hard question to answer. There were a great 
many academies in existence at that time, all striving to get patron- 
age. There Avere not students enough to support them all, and the 
weaker and less favorably located ones were the first to suffer and 
succumb. Even those which were well endowed have seen hard 
times; the establishment of high schools in the cities and all large 
towns enabled the children to be educated and fitted for college 
while living at home at small expense. With all this to contend 
with only the stronger and more popular academies have been able 
to maintain an existence. The country academy, once so potent in 
educational work, is now largely a thing of the past. To show the 
people of the town at the present time something of the extent and 
nature of the school, and the large area from which it drew its 
students, we give the names and places of residence of those en- 
rolled in two of its catalogues. The first is the catalogue of 1835- 
36, the second year of its existence. The school was at that time 
under Mr. Ayer as principal, and five assistants, and the whole num- 
ber enrolled for the year was one hundred and eighty-eight. 



362 HISTORY OF HAMPTON FALLS. 

CATALOGUE OF ROCKIXGHAM ACADEMY, 1835-36. 

John C. Akerman, Hampton Falls. Winthrop Gove, Seabrook. 
Franklin B. Abbott, Xewburyport, William H. Gilman, Exeter. 

Mass. Xathan Griffin, Deerfield. 

George L. Brown, Hampton Falls. James W. Green, Chester. 
Nahum Brown, Brentwood. Benjamin F, Gilman, Tamworth. 

Emery Brown, Seabrook. Peter C. Gayetty, Rindg-e. 

John Brown. Kensington. Benjamin F. S. Griffin, Pelham. 

Theodore C. Brown, Hamjiton Jeremiah C. Garland, Strafford. 

Falls. Wells W. Healey,* Hampton Falls. 

Elijah Blake, Stoughton, Mass. Joseph Hobbs,* Wells, Me. 
Josiah Bartlett, Manchester. Joseph C. Hartshorn,* Boston, 

James D. Bell, Chester. Mass. 

John Burden,* Hampstead. Joseph J. Hoyt, Salisbury. 

John J. Bell, Exeter. Josiah Hook, Brentwood. 

Charles F. Chase, Hampton Falls. Nathaniel A. Kimball, Plaistow. 
Charles Chase, Hampton Falls. Sewall G. Kinne, Canaan. 
Frederick P. Chase,* Xewtown. Levi E. Lane,* Hampton Falls. 
Perley S. Chase,* Chester. Alfred Lindsey,* X.Yarmouth, Me. 

Hiram Chase, Chester. Cyrus K. Littlefield, Wells, Me. 

Eufus Chase, Deerfield. Newell Lamprey,* Kensington. 

Nathan Chase, Londonderry. William T. Merrill, Hampton Falls. 

Eichard H. Chase, Haverhill, Mass. Nathaniel W. Merriam, Hampton 
John W. Colcord,* Exeter. Falls. 

George W. Cate,* Hampton. Matthew Merriam, Hampton Falls. 

Manning W.Cook,* Hampton Falls. Thomas S. Montgomery, Concord. 
Enoch P. Couch, Salisbury. Orlando Morse, Norfolk, Va. 

William F.Cushman.* Portsmouth. Phineas Merrill, Stratham. 
Samuel H.Cushman,* Portsmouth. Isaac Merrill, Newtown. 
Samuel Cochrane, Seabrook. John B. Marston,* Manchester. 

James Clarke, Wells, Me. Daniel S. Morrill, Salisbury. 

Benjamin F. Cram, Hampt'n Falls. Jonathan Merrium, Wells, Me. 
Samuel E. Cleaves, Portsmouth. Elias S. Putnam, Danvers, Mass. 
Francis E. Cleaves,* Wenham, William Putnam, Danvers, Mass. 

Mass. Elbridge Putnam, Danvers, Mass. 

Joseph E. Cram, Deerfield. Joshua C. Perkins,* Hampton 

William J. Douglas,*! Salisbury, Falls. 

Mass. James Perkins, Hampton Falls. 

John W. Dodge,*t Hampton Falls. Lewis Perkins, Eye. 
James D. Dodge,* Hampton Falls. Edward D. Philbrick, Seabrook. 
Stephen Dodge, Hampton Falls. Benjamin Poole,* Gloucester, 
Benjamin Evans, Salisbury, Mass. Mass. 

John Evans, Salisbury, Mass. Solomon S. Poole,* Gloucester, 

Charles W. Flanders,*t Amesbury, Mass. 

Mass. James Poole, Gloucester, Mass. 

William Foster, Gloucester, Mass. William H. Pervear, Hampton 
Horatio Foster, Beverly, Mass. Falls. 

Larkin Foster,* Beverlj^ Mass. Jabez Eichardson, Gloucester, 
Albert Gove, Seabrook. Mass. 



ROCKINGHAM ACADEMY. 



363 



William P. Sarg-ent, Amesbury, 
Mass. 

Thomas L. Sanborn, Hamx^ton 
Falls. 

Edward Sargent, South. Hampton. 

John C. G. Swazj', Boston, Mass. 

Dean K. Tilton,* Hampton Falls. 

Edward Tuck, Brentwood. 

Josiah H. Tilton, Deerfield. 

Monroe G. J. Tewksburj^* Ames- 
bury, Mass. 

Amos Towle, Exeter. 

William F. Towle, Hampton Falls. 

Thomas Tewksbury, South Hamp- 
ton. 

John W. Wiggin,* Concord. 

Windsor B. Wait,* Paxton, Mass. 

Rice R. Whittier, Deerfield. 

Philip White, South Hampton. 

Samuel L. Young, Gloucester, 
Mass. 

Martha D. Aj'er, Plaistow. 

Eliza A. Bartlett, Plaistow. 

Hannah M. Bro^vn,* Seabrook. 

Abigail A. Brown, Hampton Falls. 

Emily Brown, Hampton Falls. 

Almira Brown, Hampton Falls. 

Sarah L. Brown, Hampton Falls. 

Nancy Brown, Kensing'ton. 

Lucy Beal, Salisbury, Mass. 

Caroline P. Beal, Salisbury, Mass. 

Hannah Blake, Hampton Falls. 

Ruth Ann Boardman, Newburj^ 
Mass. 

Lucy Batchelder, Hampton Falls. 

Dolly Batchelder, Hampton Falls. 

Nancy Batchelder, Hampton Falls. 

Abigail Chase, Hampton Falls. 

Sarah Chase, Seabrook. 

Harriet D. Cram, Hampton Falls. 

Gracia F. Cram, Hampton Falls. 

Clarinda F. Cook, Hampton Falls. 

Mary Carr, Poplin. 

Ann H. Cannon, Wilton. 

Mary D. Dodge,* Hampton Falls. 

Sally L. Dow, Epjjing. 

Deborah G. Dudley, Brentwood. 

Margaret A. Denison, Gloucester, 
Mass. 



Julia A. Eaton, Candia. 

Eliza T. Emery, West Newbury, 

Mass. 
Harriet Farley, Amesbury, Mass. 
Susan D. Felch, Sutton. 
Elizabeth Flanders, Amesbury, 

Mass. 
Charlotte French, South Hampton. 
Avis Ann Gove, Hampton Falls. 
Elizabeth L. Green, Salisbury, 

Mass. 
Elvira P. Gove, Seabrook. 
Susan T. Herbert, Amesbury, Mass. 
Olive Hatch, Wells, Me. 
Mehitabel E. Harriman, Plaistow. 
Elizabeth A. Healey, Hampton 

Falls. 
Sarah E. Janvrin, Hampton Falls. 
Augusta Ladd,* Epi^ing. 
Elizabeth Lord, Brookline, Mass. 
Cynthia Lane, Hamilton Falls. 
jNIartha F. Mellen, Hampton Falls. 
Ellen W. Mellen, Hampton Falls. 
Elizabeth S. Merrill, Hampton 

Falls. 
Judith S. Morse, Exeter. 
Juliette T. Merrium, Wells, Me. 
Mary Non-is, Stratham. 
Angelina Peaslee, Newtown. 
Mary J. Pervear, Hampton Falls. 
Mary T. Prescott, Hampton Falls. 
Jane Plummer, Kingston. 
Harriet Poole, Gloucester, Mass. 
j\Iary E. Parsons, Newbury, Mass. 
Hannah C. Peaslee, Newtown. 
Sallj^ T. Rowell, Amesbur3% Mass. 
Mary 0. Robinson, Epping. 
Hannah E. Smith, Hampton Falls. 
Harriet W. Sanborn,* Hamjiton 

Falls. 
Susan Smith, Brentwood. 
Sarah E.Sawyer,* Salisbury, Mass. 
Harriet S. Swett, Amesbury, Mass. 
Sarah L. Swett, Amesbury, Mass. 
Eunice Smith, So. Reading, Mass. 
Susan W. Tilton, Deerfield. 
Julia D. Tilton, Deerfield. 
Eunice Tilton, Hampton Falls. 
Mary A. Tewksbury, So. Hampton. 



364 HISTORY OF HAMPTON FALLS. 

Polly E. Tewksbury, So. Hampton. Sarah P. Wells,* Hampton Falls. 

Parna Towle, Epping. Mary S. Winkley,*Aniesbury, Mass. 

Mary Ann Towle, Hampton Falls. Sarah L. Winkley,Amesbury,Mass. 

Almira Tewksbury, Amesbury, Parna E. Wilson, Lee. 

Mass. Xancy S. Wadleigh, Brentwood. 

Mary A. Tewksbury, Amesbury, Abigail Wells,* Hampton Falls. 

Mass. Lucy A. Wells, Hampton Falls. 

Sarah Taylor, Amesburj', Mass. Sally M. Webster, Kingston. 

Catherine Tajlor, Xewbury, Mass. Clarissa Wadleigh, Epping. 

Kancy A. Tewksbury, Amesbury, Eveline A. Young, Dover. 

Mass. 

Those with an asterisk affixed to their names are in the study of the 
classics; those marked with a dagger are pursuing the freshman 
course in Brown University. 

CATALOGUE OF EOCKINGHAIM ACADEMY, 1843-44. 

Rev. Zebulon Jones, principal, with three assistants. Those marked 
* are pursuing higher English branches, t Latin, | Greek, H French, p. 
Italian. 

David L. Ambrose,! Deerfield. William P. Kimball, Marblehead, 
Hooper A. Appleton, Beverly, Mass. 

Mass. John E. Kimball, Marblehead, 
John T. Batchelder, Hampton Mass. 

Falls. Jacob E. B. Kierulff,*t St. Thorn- 
Otis Boyes,t Georgetown, Mass. as, W. I. 

John N. Brown,* Seabrook. Eichard Knight, Xewbury, Mass. 

Warren Brown, Seabrook. John Knowlton,* Hamilton, Mass. 

Charles P. Brown, Seabrook. Samuel P. Ladd,*t Epping. 

George L. Brown, Hampton Falls. Charles B. Leavitt, Boston, Mass. 
Nathan W. Brown, Hampton Falls. Michael Little, Xewbury, Mass. 

Louis Cass, Marblehead, Mass. Benjamin Marsh, Hampton Falls. 

John Coulston,t1I Boston, Mass. William T. Merrill,*t Hampton 
Samuel Cole, Jr.,*t Beverly, Mass. Falls. 

Charles E. Dalton,* Brentwood. John Merrill, Jr.,*t Newbury, 
Eichard Dodge, Jr.,* Wenham, ]\Iass. 

Mass. Alva Alerrill, Methuen, Mass. 

Joseph G. Dodge,* Wenham, Mass. Charles S. Marston, Newburyport, 
Francis M. Dodge, Wenham, Mass. Mass. 

Stephen Dodge, Hampton Falls. Charles W. DeMerritt. Plaistow. 

Charles Gove, Hampton Falls. John M. Morse,*t Newbury, Mass. 

Jeremiah Green, Seabrook. John G. Morse, Georgetown, Mass. 

William P.Healey, Hampton Falls. Manley Morse, Georgetown, Mass. 

John F. Dodge, Hamilton, Mass. Benjamin Osgood, Salisbury, Mass. 

William H. Hills, Plaistow. George Parsons,*tt Gloucester, 
George W. Hilton, Newmarket. ]Mass. 

Charles Hoyt, Amesbury, Mass. Thomas L. Sanborn,*t Hampton 
DeWit C. Jewell,* Stratham. Falls. 



ROCKINGHAM ACADEMY. 



Joseph Sanborn, Hampton Falls. 

Albert Sanborn, Hampton Falls. 

Jolin F. Sanborn,* Chester. 

Luther C. Sanborn, Chester. 

David C. Sanborn, Seabrook. 

Enoch Stevens, Bradford, Mass. 

John Seaward, Gloucester, Mass. 

Hezekiah B. Stevens,* Deerfield. 

Kichard Stev^^art, Haverhill, Mass. 

John N. Sleeper, Plaistow. 

Nathan Sarg-ent,* Hopkinton. 

Thomas F. Tewksbury,* Hopkin- 
ton. 

Otis Tilton, Hampton Falls. 

Enoch J. Tilton, Hampton Falls. 

Elbridge A. Towle, Hamilton Falls. 

Dallion G. Varnejs* Xewbury, 
Mass. 

John W. Wadleigh,* Kensington. 

John A. White, Pittsfield. 

Alva Wood,*t Georgetown, Mass. 

Mary J. Akerman, Hampton Falls. 

Elizabeth Allison,*t Peterborough. 

Lydia Atwood,* Concord. 

Sarah E. Atwood,, Concord. 

Marianne Barker,* Stratham. 

Caroline P. Barker,* Stratham. 

Mary S. Boyd,*tp Seabrook. 

Almira A. Boyd,* Seabrook. 

Ann Maria Brown,* Seabrook. 



Sarah A. Brown,* Seabrook. 
Mary F. Brown,* Hampton Falls. 
Mary Ann Brown,* Hampton Falls. 
Louisa J. Chase,*t Chester. 
Lydia A. Chase, Seabrook. 
Sarah E. Dodge,* Hampton Falls. 
Eliza A. Easterbrook,* Haverhill, 

Mass. 
Mary E. Gove, Hampton Falls. 
Elizabeth S. Green,* Hampton 

Falls. 
Nancy Green, Seabrook. 
Anna Green, Seabrook. 
Sarah Janvrin, Hamj)ton Falls. 
Mary Janvrin,* Stratham. 
Catherine Janvrin, Stratham. 
Louisa Johnson,* Haverhill, Mass. 
Mary E. Jones, Hampton Falls. 
Esther Lamf)rey,* Kensington. 
Betsey P. Laing,*t Kittery, Me. 
Martha A. Morse, Newbury, Mass. 
Mary Philbrick, Seabrook. 
Fanny W.Pervear, Hampton Falls. 
Euth A. Rowe,* Seabi'ook. 
Sarah J. Sanborn,* Seabrook. 
Lurana A. Weare,* Seabrook. 
Mary A. Smith, Hampton Falls. 
Sarah Perkins,* Seabrook. 
Charlotte E. Stearns, Deerfield. 
Orinda Jewell, Stratham. 



EXPENSES. 

Tuition in common English branches for 11 weeks $3,519 

In higher Eng-lish branches for 11 weeks 4.00 

In Greek, Latin, and French 4.5© 

In Drawing additional to other branches 1.00 

Incidental expenses •^^% 

Board in jirivate families from $1.37 to $1.50 per week. There are 
rooms properly furnished in which students can board themselves, and 
thus reduce expenses. 



24 



EOADS. 



The first account ^ve find of a road was June 9, 1640, when a 
road was laid out from the meeting-house green in Hampton to the 
Falls, four rods in width. This road was probably located ver}' 
nearly in the same place where it is today. Some slight alterations 
have been made, the bridge at the river now being a little lower down 
than at first. Tradition says that at that time there was no bridge, 
but that a ford had been made by filling up the stream with stones 
where the road went. Those on horseback could go over when the 
banks were nearly full; at half tide j^eople could go over dry shod. 
The remains of the ford can be seen at the present time at low water. 
Afterward there was a bridge at the same place, but it was not very 
high and was liable to overflow during high tides. The old bridge 
was one half in Hampton Falls, and when the turnpike was built it 
was moved into Hampton, and this town escaped from helping to 
maintain an expensive bridge, which Avould not have been the case 
had the bridge remained upon the first location. Before the turn- 
pike was built the road was in poor condition, and was so low as to 
be overflowed whenever the tide was high enough to cover the 
marsh, which was usually the case for a number of da5^s each month 
at or near the time of the new and full moon. This made traveling 
difficult and at times impossible, and at any time when wet disagree- 
able for pedestrians. It was a great comfort to the public when the 
turnpike was built. In 1700, the Hampton town meeting author- 
ized the Exeter road to be built from the Falls hill toward Exeter. 
The meeting being warned "to consider the best and easiest way for 
making of the way from Hampton Falls to Exeter, the town hath 
voted the surveyors shall forthwith take care to make the bridge 
over Taylor's river a good cart bridge, and to repair all the other 
way that belo-ngs to the town to do. But from the bridge to the 
high land Ensign Tilton doth engage to make it good and maintain 
it, for which the said Daniel Tilton and his sons are to be freed from 

366 



ROADS. 367 

all other highway work in the town so long as he or they shall main- 
tain the same. The town also do agree with him, the said Tilton, 
that he shall have ten able men one day appointed by the survey- 
ors to help him now at first to make it good." It may seem strange 
to some that a road was not built here before, but it will readily be 
seen that before that time there was not much business to take peo- 
ple that way. Most of the inhabitants came from Massachusetts, 
and we were in the county of Norfolk until 1680, whose shire town 
was Salisbury, and the business in those early times was mostly in 
that direction. Ensign Daniel Tilton was the man who had a grant 
of land if he would "sit down as a blacksmith in the town." He 
was personally interested in having this road built, as he owned a 
large tract of land along the projDOsed highway where a number of 
his sons had already settled. We know that all the land on the 
south side of the road from Godfrey's corner to Porter Cram's farm 
was originally owned by the Tiltons, as well as some other lands 
upon the other side of the road. The bridge over the river was re- 
built about 1796, and once or twice since. 

The south road is called the "Hogpen road" upon the early rec- 
ords, because it led up to Eev. Seaborn Cotton's farm at "Hogpen 
plains" in Kensington. We have no record to show when this road 
was laid out, but it must have been previous to 1668 when the farm 
was granted Mr. Cotton. In 1663, a committee was chosen to find 
a convenient way to the township at the Great pond (Kingston), and 
having found such a way, notified the inhabitants of the town, when 
it was ordered "that every man shall meet and clear said way on the 
pains of paying each five shillings for their absence." The way to 
this proposed road must have been up the Hogpen road, as there 
was at that time no other in existence which led in that direction. 

The middle, or "Drinkwater road," was in existence at an early 
date. We have seen no record of the time when it was laid out, 
but from what we do learn it must have been soon after the first 
settlement of the town. The "Cross road," leading from this road 
to the Exeter road, is mentioned early. 

The road from Lewis T. Sanborn's to Coffin's mills was among 
the first, and before the road to Hampton where the turnpike now 
is. The stages when they first began to run came this way, fording 
the river below the mill, and then down the main road to the 
country road at the hill. This road has been called the "Old mill 
road." The bridge was built across the river in 1825, which was 
the first one. It was repaired and raised up in 1859 ; again repaired 



368 HISTORY OF HAMPTON FALLS. 

and laid over in 1S7?. It fell down in a freshet June, 1897, when 
it was entirely rebuilt and again raised up. This road was widened 
in IS-i-i. The old mill road was probably an Indian trail at first, 
and was located here because it was about the only place in its 
course where the banks of the river admitted of an easy approach 
to shallow water and a good bottom, where it could be easily forded, 
and for this reason it was one of the first roads iised by the early 
settlers. 

The road from the old mill road to Kenny brook was a long time 
m getting into its present shape. Jacob Basford, who lived upon 
what is now Warren Brown's pasture, previous to 1730, changed the 
road which ran past his house to the south line of his farm, to where 
the road is now located. His farm extended forty-five rods in this 
direction. He was given an equal amount of land elsewhere in 
exhange. He did this to save fence. This change of the road made 
it much more convenient for the Batchelders to get to the Exeter 
road. To continue this road still further, the selectmen, in 1788, 
agreed to lay out a drift-way through the land of David Batchelder 
for his benefit, and those who might wish to pass that way, Mr. 
Batchelder having liberty to keep gates and pasture the same as in 
time past. In 1805, Mr. Batchelder petitioned to have this laid out 
as a public highway. It was voted in the negative. Mr. Batchelder 
is said to have bought a right of way from his land as the road now 
runs by giving the owner or owners of the land an ox, and in this 
way reached the road below. His previous way went out to the 
turnpike near where Mr. Crosby's house now stands. This road 
continued to be obstructed by gates, which were shut when it was 
desirable to pasture cattle upon it, until 1852, when it was opened 
as a public highway. 

The present road to the railroad station Avas a drift-way, in the 
early days called "Stanyan's lane," and later, the "Fresh Island 
road," and led to the town landing. The most of the other roads 
not mentioned above were probably drift-ways at first which became 
highways after a time, as there is no record of their origin. The 
roads, with the exception of the turnpike and the Exeter road, were 
narrow. Erom 1825 until 1860 the work of widening was going on 
continually. During that time every road in town except the two 
mentioned was widened and straightened. The Exeter road re- 
ceived some attention in this way. There were a number of new 
roads laid out and built during this time of which notice will be 
given later. Many of these changes were made without opposi- 



ROADS. 369 

tion. In some cases of new roads, it required a hard fight before 
they were built. There is little else recorded in the fourth book of 
records except matter pertaining to roads. This work cost the 
town during the time mentioned eight or ten thousand dollars. It 
has taken a generation to utilize and put into proper shape the land 
which was taken into the road. In this respect our highways are 
in very good condition at the present time. 

In 1825, it was voted to postpone the further consideration of 
the petition for a^ highway from the south road to the Crank road, 
across the lower end of Great hill. This road was laid out in 1845 
and built soon after. 

In 1784, an article to lay out a road from Drinkwater road to 
Hogpen road was voted in the negative. This was prol^ably over 
the route of the present road from the schoolhouse to Nason's. In 
1843, a road was laid out from Cock hill schoolhouse to the south 
road, and the land damages assessed. The road was not built at 
that time because Jeremiah Lane, who owned the land at the north 
end of the proposed road, had not been properly notified, he being 
opposed to the road. This road was laid out and built in 1849, and 
has been a great convenience to the community and much appre- 
ciated by the school children before a schoolhouse was built upo-n 
the south road. 

1797. The committee appointed by the town of Hampton Falls and 
Blake and other petitioners, to consider the expediency' of laying" out 
a road from Mr. Henry Blake's to Drinkwater road, report that they 
have viewed the ground where the road is petitioned for, and heard 
the parties and are of the opinion that it is not expedient to lay out 
the same. 

MOSES LEAVITT. 
BENJ. CONNOR. 

ELIPH. WEBSTEE. 
Hampton Falls, September 19, 1797. 

We the subscribers beg' leave to recommend as our oxiinion that 
they grant the petitioners a drift-way instead of a public road, and 
the petitioners accept the same. 

MOSES LEAVITT. 

BENJ. CONNOE. 

ELIPH. WEBSTEE. 

September 19, 1797. 

Mr. Henry Blake lived near where Dr. Curtis now lives. This 
committee lived out of the to^oi, — Mr. Leavitt of North Hampton, 
Mr. Connor of Exeter, and Mr. AVebster of Kingston. 



870 HISTORY OF HAMPTON FALLS. 

Another attempt to get this road was made in 1824 by Jeremiah 
Blake, who then owned the Blake farm. He died before anything 
was accomplished, and there was no more agitation of the matter 
■until 1845, when Wells Healey and others petitioned for a road over 
the same route. The selectmen refused to lay it out, and the town 
voted to sustain the selectmen. The petitioners called out the road 
commissioners, and a bitter fight was made before them. This was 
in 1846. The petitioners were represented by Hon. Amos Tuck, 
who was the next year elected to congress. The town was defended 
by Grilman Marston, then a young and rising lawyer at Exeter. 
After a full hearing of all the parties interested, the commissioners 
laid out the road, which was built the year following. The opening 
of this road changed the course of travel considerably, a great deal 
of business going over it. In the light of today it seems singular 
that there was so much opposition. The road was expensive to 
build and keep in repair. Xo other road in the town is over as low, 
wet land as this. The road commissioners who laid out this road 
were John Page, John Dow, and Silas Noble. The town was noti- 
fied of their action in laying out the road January 17, 1847, by 
Silas jSToble, chairman of the road commissioners. After this road 
was built, what was known as "Blake's lane," and the cross road to 
the Exeter road, were widened and put in shaj^e to receive the in- 
creased travel. 

In 1853, Thomas Brown, Moses Batchelder, and others peti- 
tioned for a road from a point near where Moses E. Batchelder then 
lived to Shaw's corner in Hampton. The proposed road was about 
half a mile in length, and in about equal portions in each town, the 
Taylor's river being the division line, where a bridge was to be built 
having an abutment in each town. Our selectmen laid out the 
road to the Hampton line. The money was appropriated, and our 
end of the road and the abutment to the bridge built. The town 
of Hampton refused to lay out the other end of the road, which was 
in that town. In 1854, the court sent out the road commissioners 
to view the route and lay out the road if in their Judgment the 
public good required it. The Hampton people made a great deal 
of opposition before the commissioners. They were represented by 
Hon. John S. Wells, and the petitioners by Hon. Henry E. Erench, 
both of Exeter. After a number of days occupied in hearing the 
evidence pro and con, it was decided to lay out the road, which was 
accordingly done, John Kelly of Atkinson being the surveyor. The 
commissioners were Benjamin Coe of South Newmarket, Caleb E. 



ROADS. 371 

Dow of Atkinson, and John Shannon of Portsmouth. After the 
commissioners had laid out the road the town of Hampton declined 
to build, and persisted in their refusal until ordered by the grand 
jury to build and complete the road at once, which was done and 
the road opened to travel in the fall of 1856. This road has been a 
great convenience to the public, and of material advantage to the 
mechanics and traders in Hampton, who have since received a great 
deal of money by being brought into closer connection with the 
people of this town. In June, 1897, the abutment of the bridge 
was undermined, which required it to be rebuilt. The bridge is 
now considerably higher than at first. The abutment fell down 
and was rebuilt again in 1899. 

In 1854, a project was started for a road from a point near the 
Kensington meeting-house, through "Frying-pan lane," and the 
drift-way from John C. Sanborn's to the Exeter road, and from the 
point where it reached the Exeter road to Coffin's mills, and if 
when reaching this point sufficient momentum had been acquired, 
it was to go on to some point toward the center of Hampton. The 
commissioners were called on and after hearing the evidence con- 
cluded to lay out the road from Kensington meeting-house to God- 
frey's corner, which was soon opened as a public highway. Before 
this was done there was a drift-way obstructed by gates from the 
Exeter road to John C. Sanborn's. This way was called "Through 
the gates." "Frying-pan lane" was not much of a road, as its name 
would indicate. Now there is a good road all the way. The por- 
tion in Kensington was an entirely new road about a mile in length. 

In February, 1855, there was a very heavy fall of rain. There 
being at that time a great deal of snow upon the ground, a big freshet 
was caused which did a great deal of damage to the roads and 
bridges in ISTew England. The bridges on the Falls river at Dodge's 
mills and on the main road were undermined and rendered unsafe. 
During that year an arch bridge of stone was built below the grist- 
mill, and the abutments upon the main road laid over. The bridge 
was raised up and made wider. 

Before 1825, there was no bridge over Taylor's river at Coffin's 
mills. Previous to that time travelers were compelled to ford the 
stream, which was disagreeable when the water was high. Those 
hauling logs from the Hampton side were obliged to double their 
teams to enable them to get over and up the steep banks. This in 
cold weather made the approaches on either side icy and dangerous. 
In 1824, it was voted to build a bridge, which was completed in 1825. 



872 HISTORY OF HAMPTON FALLS, 

This bridge being in two towns, is repaired one half by each. It 
was repaired in 1859 and 1872, and entirely rebuilt in 1897. 

We have seen by the charter of Seabrook that the road from the 
Line meeting-house to Fogg's corner, called at that time "Thresh- 
er's lane," and the road from Weare's mills to Kensington line were 
and have been maintained and cared for by the town of Seabrook. 

The Brimmer drift-way to the marsh was ojDened as a highway 
about 1860. In 1875, an attempt was made to have a road built 
from the e-nd of the drift-way to the south road. The county com- 
missioners were called to view the route, and after doing so', decided 
that the public good did not require it, and refused to lay it out. 

In 1849, the depot road, then known as thai "Fresh Island road," 
was widened, and it was felt desirable to grade and put it in better 
condition, as a new depot had been built that year and Our people 
were doing a little business over the railroad. The money to repair 
this road had been raised and was in the hands of the selectmen. 
All of the highway districts in the town were called out to do the 
work. Nearly all responded by making their appearance with their 
teains. The amount worked by each man was deducted from the 
amount of his tax. A dozen yoke of oxen were attached to a big 
plow, with several drivers; two or three men rode upon the plow 
beam to keep it in the ground. Capt. "William F. Towle, a man 
small in stature but very vigorous, presided at the plow handles. 
The plow was set in at the main road and run nearly to the railroad, 
going down upon o-ne side and returning upon the other. This was 
continued all day. Large rocks were unearthed, and the surface of 
the earth where the plow went terribly agitated. From some cause 
Captain Towle found it necessary to keep in the house for a number 
of days after. The dirt thus loosened ujd was shoveled into the 
middle of the road, or carted to where it was needed. The town did 
two days' work of this kind, which was the beginning of the improve- 
ment upon this road. Considerable money has since been raised by 
special appropriation and applied, which has resulted in great im- 
provement. Tiie great amount of heavy business done upon this 
road will require that it have constant attention and considerable 
outlay to keep it in the condition best for all concerned. 

In 1834, Reuben Batchelder gra-nted the town a right of way over 
the parsonage pasture which he had purchased, from the Exeter 
road to the middle road. Said way was obstructed by gates or bars 
when it was first opened to the public, but it is now fenced and used 
as a highwav. 



ROADS. 373 

It lias been customary to excuse from highway work or tax those 
who lived in and away from the road. In 1795 William Brown, 
who lived upon the farm now owned by Fred P. Sanborn, was ex- 
cused from being taxed upon the road, provided he mended the way 
tlirough Mr. Ilealey's and his own land to his house. This exemp- 
tion has continued ever since. 

This town has about twentj'-five miles of road, which is a much 
smaller mileage than that of almost any other town of its size in the 
state. From the favorable nature of the soil over which they pass, 
and the abundance of good material for construction near at hand, 
there is no reason why we should not have as good roads as any 
farming town in the state. 

1772. Voted to raise thirty pounds lawful money for the repairing 
of highwajs the ensuing year. That for a man's day's work two shil- 
lings shall be allowed; two shillings per day for oxen. Three year 
old steers shall be allowed one shilling per day; for a ]d1ow two shil- 
lings; cart and wheels, two shillings; all tools broken in the sei'vice of 
the highway to be paid for or repaired at the expense of the parish. 

This is the first which appears upon the records in relation to 
repairing the roads in a systematic manner, and it has since been 
continued. After a time the price of highway labor was raised to 
sixty-seven cents per day; then to eight cents per hour for men and 
oxen. In 1854, the price was raised to ten cents per hour; a few 
years later to fifteen cents, where it has since remained. 

1820. Voted to raise three hundred dollars for a winter tax for the 
purpose of breaking out the roads. In case it is necessarj^ to break 
the roads, the surveyor to call on each man in the district for his 
equal share. 

For many years the roads were broken voluntarily without ex- 
pense to the town, but in recent times the work has been paid for. 
'^0 winter tax has been raised, but the surveyors bring in the bills 
for the time which the men and teams have been employed in this 
work and they are paid at the same rate as for highway work in 
summer. 

The road from Hampton line to Seabrook in this town was in the 
early days called the "Country road." Within a year or two, since 
the electric railroad Avas projected, it has been called the "Lafayette 
road.'" 



374 HISTORY OF HAMPTON FALLS. 

DEIFT-WAY TO THE MAESH. 

At a town meeting held on the first clay of November, 1784, — ■ 

Samuel Weare is hereby appointed foi* to g-o and search Hampton 
records to see if there is any drift- way for passing and repassing- to 
the salt marsh, throug-h the land of what is commonly called the 
Hussey farm and report at the adjournment of this meeting-. 

Upon further consideration, voted that Mr. B'enjamin Pike, Nathan 
Brown, and Benjamin Sanborn be a committee to wait upon Mr. 
Timothy Worth to see if people in general may pass and repass to 
their several marshes without cost or trouble, detriment or molesta- 
tion, when any of the owners of said marshes shall have occasion to 
pass through land of the aforesaid Timothy Worth. 

November 8, 1784, met according to adjournment. The committee 
chosen aforesaid appeared and made report that Mr. Timothy Worth 
gives his free will and consent that Kichard Nason, Esq., may j)ass and 
repass to and from said salt marsh, provided he goes in through 
orderly, peaceablj^ and quietly. 

A town meeting was held February 23, 1798, to act upon the fol- 
lowing: 

To see if the meeting will pass a vote to defend Mr. Aaron Wells in 
an action of trespass brought against him by Nathaniel Healey for 
passing and repassing through the Worth farm, so called, and choose 
a committee to carry on such defence in behalf of the town. 

On putting this article to vote it was decided in the negative. 

In 1797, it was put to vote to see if the town would empower a 
committee with the selectmen to lay out a road through Worth's 
farm, so called, or any part thereof. It was voted in the affirmative. 

Voted to impower a committee with the selectmen to lay out a drift 
road from the drift road formerly laid out through Jacob Stanyan's 
pasture to the Falls river, so called, at the old landing place, and across 
the marsh into the Worth farm, and so down to Worth's point, so 
called. 

Voted to choose a committee to assist the selectmen in laying out 
said road, and that the selectmen and committee propose to lay out said 
road as conveniently as may be, said road to be two rods wide. 

Voted to build a bridge over the Falls river, so called, at the old 
landing place at the cost of the town, including the subscription money 
which may be paid in. 

Voted that Deacon Sanborn and Captain Prescott be a committee to 
assist the selectmen. 



ROADS. 375 

Voted to choose a committee to see to the building said bridge and 
provide timber in the ai^proaching winter and rocks as much as may- 
be thought necessary for the same. 

Voted that Capt. James Prescott, Ens. Jona. Cram, and Theophilus 
Sanborn be a committee to provide for said bridge in tlie cheapest 
and best manner they are able. 

This road and bridge were never built. We find nothing farther 
in relation to it upon the record. The probable reason why the 
bridge was not built Avas that vessels were built -near the main road 
at Swett's bridge, and such a bridge as was contemplated farther 
down the river would have been an obstruction to these vessels in 
passing down stream to the sea. The building of a bridge was 
objected to by those engaged in this business. 

ISOS. Voted to pay Caleb Tilton fifty dollars on account of a law- 
suit commenced against him by Nathaniel Healey for passing through 
the Worth farm to the marsh. 

It would seem that the court had decided this case against Healey 
and in favor of the marsh owners, and that Mr. Healey had sold the 
Worth farm to Ca^^t. Joseph Hoyt. 

In 1807, in a friendly conference with Capt. Joseph Hoyt in 
relation to passing through his farm (the Worth farm), he said, as 
the court had confirmed the right, he wished people to pass in the 
lane on the south side of said farm, and no advantage would be taken 
of the change from the old to the new location. This drift-way 
seen'is to have been used after this without any molestation or 
trouble from any of the subsequent owners until 18-12, when a 
change was made. James Brimmer had purchased the Hoyt farm, 
and for his own convenience had built a road through the center, 
and offered to change the location from where the Avay was then 
located to the one he had constructed. 

1842. Voted to relinquish the town's right in the present drift-way 
through the Hoyt farm near the line of Lowell Brown, from the post 
road to the marsh, for the new one constructed by James Brimmer 
meeting the post road the north side of his barn from the marsh. 

The old way was never entirely given up, as a few persons owning 
land which Avas more convenient of access from the old than the 
new way have continued to use it until the present time. 

Voted to accept the proposal of Mr. Brimmer to widen the new drift- 
way sufficiently for teams to pass each other and fence one side for 
the sum of two hundred dollars. 



376 HISTORY OF HAMPTON FALLS. 

This way continued to be used as a drift-way until 1860, Avhen 
it was made a highway. 

HAMPTON CAUSEWAY TUE:NrPIKE COMPAIS^. 

The Hampton Causeway Turnpike Company was incorporated 
December 22, 1808. Benjamin Shaw, James Leavitt, John Dear-, 
born, Jonathan Marston, Jr., Thomas Ward, Joseph Towle, Jr., 
and Edmund Toppan were the grantees. 

They were authorized and empowered to repair and Iveep in repair 
the road from Sanborn's hill, so called, in Hampton Falls to the cause- 
way' in Hampton, and from said causeway to the turn or corner of the 
road near the house of James Leavitt in Hampton (the "old yellow 
house"), and to repair and widen the causeway now called Hampton 
causeway, and build a bridge over Hampton river; and the said cause- 
way so to be made and built shall be raised five feet above the surface 
of the causeway as it now stands, shall be thirty-two feet at least in 
width, and with the bridge aforesaid shall be railed on both sides for 
the security of travelers who may j)ass thereon. And a dike sufficiently 
wide and deep to take the water from the marsh westerly of said cause- 
way shall be made and kept open and in repair, and necessary sluices 
shall be made and kept oijen to give passage to the water. In case 
there should be any disagreement with the land owners and the cor- 
poration, and they cannot agree upon any persons to ascertain the 
compensation, the justices of the court of common pleas in the county 
of Eockingham, if not interested, if interested the justices of the supe- 
rior court, upon application of either party shall appoint a commit- 
tee to determine the same, and the said proprietors shall not build 
said causeway until the land through which it passes is paid for or a 
tender of the money been made. The said corjjoration may erect a 
gate upon said road or causeway to collect the tolls and duties here- 
inafter granted to said company from all persons, the same with horses, 
cattle, carriages, or carts, not hereinafter exempted from paying tolls, 
and said company may appoint as many toll gatherers as they maj' 
think projDcr to stop any jierson riding, leading, or driving any horses, 
cattle, carts, and carriages from jiassing through said gate until they 
shall have respectively paid the same, — for every horse and his rider, 
six cents; for every sulky, chair, and chaise Avith one horse, twelve 
and one half cents; for every coach, chariot, stage, or carriage of pleas- 
ure with four horses, twenty-five cents; for every cart with one yoke 
of oxen ten cents, and two and one half cents for every additional 
yoke of oxen; for every cart with one horse, eight cents, and for every 
additional horse, two and one half cents; for every sled with one yoke 
of oxen, six cents, and two cents for every additional yoke of oxen; 
for every sleigh with one horse, six cents; for every additional horse, 
two cents; for cattle, one cent jDcr head; for sheep and swine, one cent 



ROADS. 377 

for every three, — Provided that nothing in this act shall extend or 
authorize said corporation to demand or receive toll of any person who 
may be employed about the marshes; nor of any officer or soldier of 
the militia under arms, going to or from the place of military duty; 
nor of any person going to or from any funeral that may have occa- 
sion to pass said gate; nor from any person going to or from public 
worship on the Sabbath in the town of Hampton; nor from any inhab- 
itant of the town of Hamilton going to or returning from Dodge's mill, 
so called. 

The said corporation shall not take any toll until said road shall 
have been viewed by the justices of the sujjerior court or a major jiart 
of them, and their certificate thereof shall have been recorded by clerk 
of said corporation. The said coriDoration was authorized to purchase 
and hold all necessary land. The shares of any proprietor may be 
transferred by deed executed, acknowledged, and recorded by the clerk 
of said corporations on their records. The corporation was liable to 
indictment if their road or bridges were not kept in proper repair the 
same as any other highway. At the end of every three j^ears after 
setting up the toll gate an account of the receipts and expenditures of 
said Turnpike company shall be laid before the justices of the superior 
court. Failure to do so would cause their grant to be forfeited. If 
the net profits for the said three years shall exceed nine per centum 
per annum the said court may reduce the future rate of toll so far 
that it may not exceed nine per centum per annum, and if the said 
profits shall not amount to six per centum per annum the said court 
may raise the future tolls so that it shall not be less than six nor more 
than nine per centum per annum. If the turnpike is not completed 
within three years from the passing of this act, and agreeable to its 
provisions of every clause thereof, it shall be null and void. 

The state of New Hampshire may at any time repay the proprietors 
the amount expended by them on said turnpike, with, nine per centum 
per annum in addition thereto, deducting the toll actually received 
by said corporation, and in that case it shall to all intents and -pav- 
poses be the property of the state of New Hampshire. The legislature 
of this state shall have a right to adopt such measures in future as 
shall by them be considered necessary or expedient to couipel said 
prox^rietors to keeiD said road in repair. 

State of New Hamj)shire, December 22, 1808. 
The foregoing bill having had three several readings passed to be 
enacted. Sent uj) for concurrence. 

CHAELES CUTTS, Speaker. 

In the senate December 22, ISOS. This bill having been read a third 
time was enacted. 

SAINIUEL BELL, President. 

Approved December 23, 1808. 

JOHN LANGDON, Governor. 

A true copy. Attest: PHILIP CAERIGAN, Secretary. 



378 HISTORY OF HAMPTON FALLS. 

By the act of incorporation no toll could be taken nntil the 
road had been viewed and accepted by a majority of the justices 
of the superior court and their certificate recorded upon the books 
of the corporation. 

Exeter, September 22, 1809. 
We the subscribers haviog viewed Hampton caiiseway and the road 
contemplated in the within act of the legislature do approve the same. 

AETHUR LIYERMORE. 
RICHARD EVAXS. 

The first meeting of the corporation was held at Hampton on the 
first day of February, 1809. Edmund Toppan was chosen clerk. 
Hon. Oliver Peabod}', Xathaniel Gilman, Esq., Col. Benjamin Shaw, 
James Leavitt, Esq., Capt. Thomas Ward, Samuel F. Leavitt, and 
Theophilus Sanborn were chosen directors, and Hon. Christopher 
Toppan was chosen treasurer. By the by-laws adopted it was pro- 
vided that the future meetings should be called by the clerk by pub- 
lishing in the "Oracle," printed in Portsmouth, two weeks before 
the meeting, and by posting similar notices at the meeting-houses 
or some other public places in Hampton and Hampton Falls at least 
eight days before the meeting. The clerk, treasurer, and directors 
Avero chosen for the term of one year, or until their successors were 
chosen. The majority of the directors were authorized to do all 
business pertaining to the corporation. The clerk was to keep a 
true record of all proceedings of the corporation, and call all future 
meetings by giving notice in the same way and manner as the first 
one was called. The annual meeting was to be holden in Hampton 
on the first ]\Ionday in February of each year. Whenever a major- 
ity of the directors or the proprietors of fifty shares should request 
a meeting to be called, the clerk should call it. 

The form of the certificate and method of transfer were entered 
upon the records. Each proprietor was entitled to receive a cer- 
tificate with a blank transfer agreeably to the forms laid down after 
having paid the first assessment thereon. 

The par value of the stock was sixty-five dollars per share and 
two hundred shares were issued, making the capital thirteen thou- 
sand dollars. The stock was mostly owned in Hampton and Hamp- 
ton Falls, and all in the immediate vicinity. At the second annual 
meeting the number of directors was reduced to five, and at the 
meeting following to three, which was the number of directors 
chosen as long as the corporation remained in existence. 



ROADS. 379 

The corjDoration had some difficiTlty and delay in settling with 
the land owners. A committee from the Turnpike company and 
one each from the towns of Hampton, Hampton Falls, North Hamp- 
ton, and Seabrook, were selected to agree upon the terms by which 
said towns could use the road when completed. The town of 
Hampton was to gravel the turnpike from the northerly end to the 
middle bridge, iSTorth Hampton from the river to the middle bridge, 
Hampton Falls and Seabrook all south of the river to Sanborn's 
hill, so called. The graveling was to be done to the acceptance of 
the directors of the Turnpike company. For graveling and keeping 
the roadbed in order all the inhabitants of said towns were to pass 
free over the turnpike. The Turnpike company was to keep the 
fences, buildings, and gate in repair. 

November 27, 1811, Levi Healey was appointed toll gatherer. 
His compensation was eighty dollars per year and the use of the 
land and buildings belonging to the corporation. Mr. Healey con- 
tinued toll gatherer until his death, which occurred a year or two 
later. He was succeeded by Caleb Towle, who was to receive the 
same compensation as Mr. Healey and in addition a shoemaker's 
shop was to be built for his use. Captain Towle continued toll 
gatherer as long as the corporation existed, but did not receive as 
much compensation during the later years. 

The amount of toll received from February 4, 1810, to August 4, 
1812, was $2,461.81; from August 3, 1812, to August 3, 1815, 
$4,065.38; from August 3, 1815, to August 3, 1818, $2^1703.49; from 
August 3, 1818, to August 1, 1821, $2,469.02; from August 1, 1821, 
to the close in 1826, $3,370.62; total amount received in tolls dur- 
ing the time the turnpike was in existence, $15,070.32. The 
amount of dividends paid stockholders was $10,726, which was a 
little more than five per cent on the principal during the time the 
turnpike was in operation. The turnpike was sold to the towns of 
Hampton and Hampton Falls for $4,000; the real estate to Capt. 
Caleb Towle for $550. It will be seen that the owners met with 
considerable loss. 

In 1815, four hundred and thirty-three willow trees were set out 
along the sides of the road, none of which lived except a few around 
the house. 

There are a number of reasons why the venture was not more 
profitable and successful. There was a highway in existence over 
the route before the turnpike was built, and the public had a right 
to use it. Then the bargain was made with the four townis to keep 



380 HISTORY OF HAMPTON FALLS. 

the roadbed in order. As a compensation for this all the inhabi- 
tants of those towns were to pass free. When any families in these 
towns had company who wished to pass over the turnpike some one 
living in the town would drive the team and it went free. A bag of 
corn would pass a team. These and other exemptions served to 
defraud the company of a great deal of revenue. 

A slight bridge was made over the river a mile or more above. 
A very good path was constructed to it from each side, and here 
teams could pass without any expense. This was called the "shun 
pike," and diverted considerable travel from the turnpike. The 
stages came this way for a few times until more favorable terms were 
granted them by the Turnpike company. Tradition says as many 
as sixty teams in a line, loaded with produce from "down East," 
have been seen at one time crossing the "shun pike." There was 
also a religious motive which did as much as anything else to keep 
this way o|)en. Mr. "William Brown and Theodore Coffin, who were 
active promoters in building the Baptist meeting-house in 1805, 
owned the land over which this way j)assed. At that time nearly 
all who lived in what was called "Guinea" attended meeting here, 
and found this a very much nearer way than by the road. This 
way began at Theodore Coffin's house (where Eobert F. Williams 
lived in Hampton) and came out at what was called "Uncle Billy 
Brown's gate" in Hampton Falls. The "shun pike" was closed 
when Mr. Brown's interest in this church ceased. 

The court, regardless of the fact that the legislature had granted 
the turnpike a franchise to do business, instead of protecting them, 
laid out a road from what was known as Vittum's corner (near 
Xorman Marston's house in Hampton) to "Shun pike" bridge, and 
another road was laid out from some point in North Hampton 
across the town of Hampton to the hill in Hampton Falls. These 
roads could be built only at great expense and would have been a 
heavy burden on the towns. The business of the turnpike would 
have been ruined, thus inflicting a great wrong on those who had 
invested their money in good faith in the turnpike. The owners 
of the turnpike were forced to sell at a low price in order to escape 
total loss. The towns were forced to buy to escape the great ex- 
pense of building the roads laid out by the court. The turnpike 
was forced out of existence by the unjust action of the court. It 
required quite an effort to get these roads discontinued after the 
towns had accjuired the turnpike. When the people of four towns 
in the immediate vicinity had the right to pass free over the turn- 



ROADS. 381 

pike, it seems stra-nge that pressure enougli could liave been brought 
to induce the court to lay out the new roads which would have 
diverted the business ; but the Eastern Stage Company, then a rich 
and powerful corporation, was said to have been the mover and pro- 
moter of the new roads. Even after the turnpike was made free it 
was a great effort to prevent the roads from being built. The oppo- 
sition of Mr. William Brown to the roads crossing his farm is said 
to have done much to stop the building, to which more than nine 
tenths of the people in the two towns were opposed. 

The length of the turnpike was one and three fourths miles; its 
cost, $14,173.66. It was built in 1809, and discontinued in 1826. 
When Hampton Ealls accepted the terms of sale of the Turnpike 
company, it was upon condition that the roads laid out by the court 
should be discontinued. If not, the vote was to be of no effect. 
The payment on the part of the town was to be made in install- 
ments; the last one was paid in 1830. 

The agitation caused by laying out the new roads by the court 
was considerable in this town. 

3822. Voted to build up and make passable the old road where it 
formerly was to Hampton line, if it is acceptable to the court, instead 
of the new road from near John Pike's house to near Capt. Jonathan 
Marston's in Hampton. Voted that Wells Healey be the agent to at- 
tend the court of sessions and make this offer and oppose the acceptance- 
of the committee's report. 

In 1825, the town voted to discontinue the road laid out by the 
court of sessions from Hampton line to Stephen Dodge's, and peti- 
tioned the court of common pleas at its next session for the purpose. 
Both of the above roads were discontinued by order of the court in 
1826, after the towns had bought the turnpike and made it a free 
road. 

Tradition says that after the turnpike was opened for travel the 
bridge on the old road was continued for a time, and was used by 
persons who wished to defraud the company. It was rumored that 
on a certain night a tub of punch would be located upon the bridge 
with a "go as you please, free to all." The bridge disappeared dur- 
ing the night and was no longer a source of annoyance. 

25 



TOWN COMMON. 



Many people labor imder a misapprehension in relation to the 
town common, — by whom and to whom it was granted. Many- 
believe it was given by Meshech Weare to the state to be used as a 
parade ground; others that Mr. Weare granted it to the Third regi- 
ment to be used by them as a parade or training place, neither of 
which is correct, as the records will show. 

At a meeting of the commoners of Hampton March 20, 1721 and 
1722, a committee chosen to survey the eommo-n lands exempted 
one piece of land for a training place by the Falls meeting-house, 
about four acres. This land was simply set apart for the purpose 
named, and was not conveyed to the state or any one else. The 
town has since deeded portions of this land to the state at two dif- 
ferent times, once for a place to set a gun house and again for a 
location for the Weare monument, which would in neither case have 
been necessary had it previously been owned by the state. At the 
time this land was granted Meshech Weare was but nine years of 
;age and did not live near it, so that we must conclude that the 
jecord is correct, as the same account appears upon the Hampton 
lecords as well as upon those of this town. There is probably not 
as much land now lying common as was granted, as some encroach- 
ments have undoubtedly been made. 

At the annual town meeting held March 12, 1799, it was voted 
to choose a committee to ascertain any encroachment supposed to 
have been made on the common or parade where the old meeting- 
house formerly stood, said parade being originally left by the com- 
moners of Hampton for a training place, and measuring about four 
acres, by a committee of said commoners in the year 1722, as appears 
by the town records. 

The committee for the above purpose was Peter Tilton, Esq., 
Lieut. Jonathan Cram, Capt. Levi Healey, Theophilus Sanborn, 
and Maj. Joseph Dow. 

At the annual meeting March 11, 1800, a committee having been 
chosen and appointed to make report whether there had been any 
encroachments on the training field or common, and having re- 
ported that there were encroachments thereon, it was — 

382 



TOWN COMMON. 383 

Voted that the selectmen be a committee in behalf of the town to 
choose a select committee to determine such incroachments, with those 
who have made such incroachments, and that the same be decided and 
determined on or before the first day of August next, and if the 
aggressors should not of their own accord, or by advice of the commit- 
tee, remove or cause to be removed all such incroachments by the said 
first of August next. If the cause be not then removed nor adjusted 
that the selectmen present said incroachments. 

At a legal meeting held June 30, 1800, — 

Voted that Mr. Nathi Healey move all incroachments he has made 
upon the common land in this town where the old meeting-house form- 
erly stood, which was left by the town of Hampton for the use of a 
training place, as appears by the transactions of a committee of the 
commoners on the fifth day of November, 1722. Also that Mr. Healey 
return the milestone he took away to its former situation, and it is 
the desire and earnest request of the meeting that Mr. Healey per- 
form this most reasonable request before the last day of August next. 

Mr. Healey at that time owned the old parsonage house and land, 
which was situated across the road from the, common on the east, 
and now owned by the heirs of Thayer S. Sanborn. The milestone 
was probably not returned, as it now does duty and has for many 
years as a doorstone to Mrs. Joseph T. Sanborn's house. 

At the annual town meeting March 10, 1801, — 

Voted that the selectmen pay those men who purchased a piece of 
land of Nathi Healey for forty dollars, they giving a deed to the town, 
which formerly belonged to the training field, the sum they gave Mr. 
Healey, and that it be kept open for the use of a training field and 
the benefit of the school. 

This was probably the land the town allowed Mr. Pervear to 
occupy in exchange for a lot he had south of the parsonage house. 
Josiah Pervear, who had been living there, was rated for the last 
time in 1801, and prol)ably the lot had in some way got into Mr. 
Healey's j^ossession. The Pervear lot was near where the school- 
house now stands. 

In the warrant for the annual town meeting in 1809 occurs this 
clause, "To see if the town will pass any vote respecting the Hamp- 
ton Turnpike company having gravel out of the hill in. said town." 
This article was not acted upon. 

1819. Voted to choose a committee to see that there be no infringe- 
ment upon the common. 



384 HISTORY OF HAMPTON FALLS. 

In 183-i, Caleb Towle, George Janvrin, and George H. Dodge 
were chosen a committee to superintend the public square near 
Stephen Dodge's, and see that it was kept clear of every incum- 
brance. 

It was voted early in the present century to deed the state of ISTew 
Hampshire a piece of the common on which to set a gun house, 
which was done. The gun house stood between the present site 
of the schoolhouse and the Exeter road at the west end of the com- 



1834. Voted to grant the proprietors of Rockingham Academy, 
Hanapton Falls, permission to locate said academy, and occupy sufB- 
cient land necessarilj^ required for its location on the public square 
near the schoolhouse in said town. 

It has been said that the academy was not located in the place 
on the common where it was understood it would be at the time the 
vote was past, which caused some dissatisfaction. 

1845. Voted that the proprietors of the Rockingham Academy have 
permission to enclose the Academy building by a j'ard, and in case 
the building shall cease to be used for the purpose of a school then 
the land thus enclosed shall revert back to the town. 

Amended by vote "that the selectmen define the boundaries of 
the yard." A large yard was enclosed by a two-rail fence, which 
continued as long as a school was kept here. The fence then grad- 
ually went away until it all disappeared. 

1853. Voted that Wells Healey, John B. Brown, and George H. Dodge 
be a committee in behalf of the town' to convey to the state of New 
Hampshire the land east of the Academy yard, containing about 50 
rods, for the purpose of erecting a monument to the Hon. Meshech 
Weare, and the said committee be authorized to caiise the same to be 
graded and enclosed by a suitable fence, and the selectmen are hereby 
instructed to pay the costs of the same, when approved, out of any 
money in their hands. 

This land was graded and made smooth and then fenced with a 
two-rail fence and stone posts. The cost of grading and fencing 
was $274.80. The probable reason for deeding and fencing so large 
an area was that the common had been used for a gravel pit, and 
had been left rough and covered with boulders, presenting anything 
but an attractive appearance, and if fe-nced and' graded a stop would 
be put to this to that extent. Why the sentiment of the town 



TOWN COMMON. 385 

allowed the common to be used in that way is hard to understand. 
Daniel "Webster is reported to have said that our common was one 
of the most beautiful spots he saw in his travels. The extended 
view, which included the ocean and the mountains, was probably 
the occasion of this remark. 

After the academy was burned in 1875, the common was cleaned 
up and leveled. The fence around the monument lot was removed 
and an iron fence was erected close around the monument by the 
state. The Village Improvement Society has set out a large number 
of shade trees, which when grown will add much to the beauty and 
attractiveness of the common. They have also put up street lamps 
at the corners made by the roads. From the interest now taken it 
would seem impossible for the common ever again to present a 
neglected appearance. 

In 1897, through the efforts of Hon. William E. Chandler, United 
States senator from New Hampshire, four thirty-two-pound guns 
and two hundred and twenty shells were secured for this town 
from the United States government. They have been placed in 
position around the Weare monument. The shells are in four 
stacks of fifty-five each, alternating with the guns. There have 
probably been some encroachments upon the common, yet actual 
measurement shows that there are now four acres in the enclosed 
space. In 1814, Maj. Joseph Dow deeded to the town eighteen 
rods of land which joined the northeast corner of the parade ground 
for forty dollars, which may make good what has been lost else- 
where. 



LOCAL NAMES. 



Ix every toAvn are local names applied to roads, hills, streams, etc. 
We have been able to find a reason for some of those in this town. 

"Taylors river'' was named for Anthony Taylor, who was the first 
of the name and one of the earliest settlers of Hampton. He was a 
man of activity and enterprise. He became a large land owner, and 
lived where Christopher Toppan now lives. The name of Taylor's 
river was in use as early as 1656, when Eobert Page had permission 
to erect a sawmill thereon. 

"Kenny brook" was named for John Kenny, who was a black- 
smith and lived near the brook in the corner of E. B. Towle's field. 

"Brimstone hill" was named because at the time of the earthquake 
in 1727 considerable dirt was thrown out here which smelled 
strongly of brimstone. Just where this place was we are unable to 
say, but we have been told that it was on the south cant of the hill. 
The place was said to have been very wet and springy in the accounts 
given of it. The land between Edwin Janvrin's house and the 
blacksmith shop answers well to the description. Some have attrib- 
uted the name to the bitter feeling which existed after the new 
meeting-house was built, the name being applied by those living in 
other parts of the town. The weight of evidence is in favor of the 
earthquake theory. 

"Grape-vine run" was so named because of the wild grapes which 
grew along its banks. 

"Ordination hill" received its name because Elder Ebenezer 
Leavitt was ordained there in 1808 to preach in the Christian Bap- 
tist denomination. 

"Morton hill" was named for a family of that name who once 
lived there. The name of Morton appears on our record for the 
last time in 17-17. 

"Butler's hill" derived its name from a family of that name who 
lived there before the Eevolutionary AYar. They were Eoyalists, 
and like many others who adhered to the English cause, removed to 
the British provinces. Eobert H. Butler, now living at Fogg's 
corner, is a descendant. 

386 



LOCAL NAMES. 387 

"Great hill" received its name from its magnitude. The early 
inhabitants must have come from a level country as they applied 
the name hill to very slight elevations, and from this fact could 
hardly help naming this as they did. 

"Cock hill'-' was in the early days a resort for wild turkeys. That 
some large cock turkeys were seen there is said to have been the 
reason why it was so named. 

"'Munt hill" was named for an Indian who frequented the place. 

"Earn hill" was so called because a pasture for rams was located 
near there. A vote was passed at nearly every annual town meeting 
to prevent rams running at large at certain seasons, and a pasture 
was provided where they could be confined during the time when it 
was not desirable to have them running at large. 

"Lang's hill" was near Eam hill, if not identical with it, so called 
because a family named Lang once lived there. 

We have never heard any reason for the -name of "Murray's row." 
iSTo person of that name appears upon the records, but there is proof 
that the name was in use and applied to this locality at least seventy- 
five years ago. 

"Hogpen road" was the name applied to the south road in the 
early times. It is spoken of in the early records by no other name, 
and deeds are now in existence in which lands are bounded on the- 
Hogpen road. This name was not applied out of any disrespect 
to the road or its inhabitants, but because in 1665 Rev. Seaborn Cot- 
ton, the minister at Hampton, had a farm granted him at "Hogpen 
plains" in Kensington, and the name was applied to this road be- 
cause it led up to Hogpen plains where the farm was. This farm 
Avas said to have been situated a little southeast of where the Blake 
store now is, and contained two hundred acres. 

The middle road was called "Drinkwater road" on the early 
records. Lands were bounded upon Drinkwater road in the early 
conveyances. The name is said to have originated because a man 
traveled the whole length of the road asking for a drink of cider, 
and was in every case given water. He said, "This must be the 
drink-water road." 

Some may be led to ask from what does "Sagamore hill" derive 
its name. Yriien this country was first discovered it was found that 
in the northern parts the climate and cold of winter made it a less 
inviting place of residence than farther south. There were no 
large collections of Indians together, and their government was 
rather more of the patriarchal than monarchical kind ; that is, some 



888 HISTORY OF HAMPTON FALLS. 

family commonly took precedence above the others, and the oldest 
son of this family had absolute government over the region; this 
governor received the title of "Sagamore." "When the English com- 
menced their settlements, there were twenty locations of these saga- 
mores between the Kennebec river and Connecticut, — the first at 
Kennebec, the second at Casco bay, the third at Saco, the fourth at 
Piscataqua. There was probably one of these sagamores located in 
the) neighborhood of the hill bearing that name, as the name was 
applied as early as 1639, at the time when the first settlers came. 
History informs us that such places as they chose for their abode 
were usually at the falls of great rivers or near the seaside, where 
there was an opportunity to catch fish, at which times all things 
were made common. Those who entertained at the seaside expected 
a like kindness from their friends higher up in the country, and 
they had their dances and other festivities at these meetings. This 
location was probably selected because it was near the clam and 
mussel beds, and easily accessible by canoe to the sea, where fish 
could be caught. The great amount of clam shells, arrowheads, 
and other evidence of Indian habitation near Batchelder^s mill 
would go to prove that a sagamore was located here. 

The name "Crank road" was obviously given because of its shape. 
"Frying-pan lane" was probably so named because it was so long 
and narrow, two teams being unable to meet upon it before it was 
widened in. 1856. 

"King street," from John Huff's to the Prescott place, was named 
from William Page, whoi was commonly called "King" Page. He 
lived about half way from the ends of the road. 

The level land between the hill and Kenny brook, past the old 
cemetery, was called "the plains," which name was once in common 
nse. 

The woodland called "'the farm" took its name from having been 
a part of Eev. Timothy Dalton's farm, granted him by the town of 
Hampton in 1639, at Sagamore hill, a portion of which extended 
over a part of this land. 

"Fresh Island" was the name given to the place where the depot 
now stands before the railroad was built. The road leading to it 
was called the "Fresh Island road." 

The names "Swett's" and "Worth's " bridge are both applied to 
ihe bridge over the Falls river at the main road and come from the 
former owners of the land on each side. 

"Bennett's brido-e" is where the Falls river crosses the south road. 



LOCAL NAMES, 389 

It was named because a family of that -name lived there, who were 
rated from 1747, or before, until 1841, when the last of the name 
died. 

"Thresher's lane" extended from the Line church to Fogg's cor- 
ner, and was named from Henry Thresher, who lived near the 
Abbott house. He moved to Eaymond about 1775. 



TOWN LANDING. 



At what time the town landing was laid out or acquired by the 
town we have no definite knowledge. The first mention found of 
it was in 1797, when a vote was passed in relation to laying out a 
road to the marsh. In this vote it appeared that a road had pre- 
.viously heen laid out through Jacob Stanyan's pasture to the old 
landing place. It was probably used at first as a landing place for 
hay, fish, etc., and for the accommodation of boats and small ves- 
sels. A house for dressing fish was located here. As the popula- 
tion increased it came to be regarded as of more value and impor- 
tance, as there was at that time no means of transportation for farm 
produce except by team. Those places which had water communi- 
cation with the markets by which produce and other things could 
be forwarded in large quantities at little expense possessed quite 
an advantage over their neighbors not thus favored. 

The business at the town landing gradually increased until in 
the 3^ea.rs just preceding the time the railroad was built it had 
assumed considerable importance, and what was considered at that 
time a large business was done._ Small schooners which drew but a 
few feet of water came up to the landing in the fall, and were loaded 
with potatoes and other farm produce. In this way a much higher 
price was obtained than would have otherwise been received. A 
much larger business of this kind was done from Hampton. The 
business of farming was much more profitable in this immediate 
vicinity than in places where produce could only be conveyed to 
market by teams. A correct understanding of this will enable the 
reader to more correctly see the nature and cause of the controversy 
which the town had with the Eastern Railroad Company when the 
road was about to be built over the landing. The town felt that 
they were yielding a certainty for an uncertainty and refused to 
yield until obliged to. 

Among those who did business at the landing before the railroad 
was built were Benson Leavitt, a native of this town, then living and 

390 



TOWN LANDING. 391 

doing business in Boston, Thayer S. Sanborn, and Richard Dodge 
of Hampton Falls. Fishing vessels were sometimes fitted out from 
there. Later John L. Perkins received lumber from the east and 
reloaded with apples, cider, and other produce. In 1875, Adna B, 
Lane made regular trips from our landing to Boston, carrying cord- 
wood. This made a good market for those who had wood to dispose 
of. Since then but little business has been done by water communi- 
cation mth the outside world. The last vessel which came into 
Hampton river was from Bangor, in 1879, loaded with lumber from 
which Warren Brown's house was built. It was intended and ex- 
pected that it would come up to Hampton Falls landing, but the 
skipper was a cautious man, and not finding a pilot who cared to 
take the responsibility, it was taken to Hampton landing and there 
unloaded. Having thus given a brief sketch of the uses and 
importance of the landing before the railroad was built, we will 
now chronicle some of its other history, 

1817. Voted to choose a committee to ascertain the bounds of the 
landing at Fresh Island, so called, and that said committee be emjiow- 
ered to purchase a certain piece of land of Mr. Dodge to enlarge said 
landing. 

In accordance with this vote the town bought of Dudley Dodge a 
piece of land containing fifty rods, more or less, for forty dollars. 

1825. Voted to remove such rocks as obstruct the passage of the 
river between the Falls river's mouth and the landing at Fresh Island. 

In 1840, Wells Healey, Thayer S. Sanborn, and Thomas Leavitt 
were chosen a committee to contract with the Eastern Eailroad 
Company in relation to building over the town landing. 

Voted to instruct this committee to request the railroad company to 
build a drawbridge where it crosses the river near the town landing. 

1841. Annual meeting. Voted to instruct the committee appointed 
to contract with the railroad to exact money for the damage done the 
town landing. 

Voted to instruct the committee to demand two thousand dollars 
for the damage sustained by the railroad crossing the town landing, 
and that the committee be instructed to proceed according to the last 
act of the legislature concerning railroads. 

Voted that the committee be instructed to have the obstructions in 
the river removed, caused by the building of the bridge, where the rail- 
road crosses the river near the town landing. 

This vote was probably intended to call for a drawbridge, which 
had been requested by a former vote. 



392 HISTORY OF HAMPTON FALLS, 

At a meeting held April 12, 1841, — 

Voted to instruct the committee appointed to contract with the rail- 
road company to j)roceed forthwith against the company according to 
law. 

At a meeting held July 6, 18-11, — 

Voted to refer to a committee the damage done by the railroad cross- 
ing the town landing; that the committee shall consist of three per- 
sons; that six persons be nominated by the town, and that Josiah Rob- 
inson of Exeter be chairman of the committee. John Nudd and Weare 
Shaw of Kensington, Col. Abel Brown of South Hampton, Col. Jacob 
Nbyes of Seabrook, and Daniel Veasey of Exeter were nominated by 
the town. From these five persons named the railroad corporation 
had the privilege of choosing two, to compose the above nanaed com- 
mittee of three, provided the railroad corporation pay all expenses of 
the town committee past and the expense for the arbitration com- 
mittee. 

Voted that the questions be submitted to arbitration of this com- 
mittee — 1st, What shall be done toward improving the landing by the 
railroad corporation? 2d, How much money shall be paid as the bal- 
ance of damage? Voted, provided the railroad corporation does not 
B/Ccept of Mr. Eobinson as chairman and two others from the five 
already nominated by the town, that the town proceed to notify the 
corporation and take up the rails according to law. 

Voted that the selectmen be instructed to cause the railroad company 
to erect a bridge over the track where it crosses the old drift-way in 
Brimmer and Mitchell's pasture. 

In relation to the committee of arbitration for which the above 
vote made provision, there is nothing upon the record to show that 
such committee was ever accepted by the railroad corporation, or 
if accepted, there is nothing to show of whom the committee con- 
sisted. It is very strange that there was no record made of the 
termination of this matter, which had caused so much controversy 
and feeling between the people of the town and the Eastern Eail- 
road corporation, but fortunately we have been able to get the 
facts in the case, although there is no mention upon the record. 

The late Dea. Emery Batchelder, who was one of the selectmen 
at the time, informed the writer that the committee proposition 
was accepted by the railroad corporation. The committee acted, 
and consisted of Josiah Eobinson of Exeter, John Xudd of Kensing- 
ton, and Col. xlbel Brown of South Hampton. They decided that 
the railroad company should face the entire landing below their 
road with timber, and grade and cover the surface with gravel, make 



TOWN LANDING. 393 

it smooth, and put it in good condition to do business. This was 
accordingly done, and a good wharf was the result. The commit- 
tee made no award of money to the town for damage. The wharf 
built at this time would, with a little care and expense, have con- 
tinued a long time. This was neglected and the timber soon began 
to go away, and in a short time little trace of it remained. After 
this the controversy with the railroad corporation in relation to the 
landing ceased. The town has expended considerable money from 
time to time in repairing the landing, but has made the mistake of 
not doing quite enough or not doing it well enough to make a per- 
manent and lasting job. In this way much that has been done 
has been of little practical value. The principal use of the landing 
is now for boating hay, and this has decreased very much within a 
few years. Those who do not use the landing are generally opposed 
to making repairs. A few years ago when the railroad put in more 
side track some of the town's land was taken. The railroad put 
on gravel and enlarged it enovigh to compensate for the land taken. 



EAILEOADS. 



EASTEEN EAILEOAD. 

The Eastern Eailroad was opened for travel in 1840. The people 
of this town made a great mistake in not making an effort to have 
the road run nearer to the population and business of the town. 
Instead of doing this everything was done to drive it away as far 
as possible, which has since proved a great disadvantage to the town 
and all who wish to do any business. The value of railroads to the 
community was not at all understood at that time. At the present 
time instead of trying to keep them away every one is anxious to 
have them located as conveniently as possible to their homes and 
places of business. Those places which are so located as not to have 
convenient railroad facilities cannot compete with others more 
favorably situated. Many places which before the days of railroads 
were centers of trade and business have by change in communication 
declined. This has been true to a certain extent of this town, which 
has not since been nearly as important a point as it was in stage 
times. Those towns which have been favored with good railroad 
communication have flourished and prospered. No one doing much 
business now wishes to be far from railroad communication. At 
first our railroad station was a small building containing but one 
room. It had a piazza in front extending over the platform. No 
one at that time lived near it. This station was fitted up in good 
shape for those times, but it was soon defaced; the glass was 
broken from the windows, and although repaired a number of 
times it was found to be imjDossible to keep any glass in the win- 
dows. The town repaired it and offered a reward of twenty-five 
dollars for evidence which would convict any person for injuring 
or defacing the building; but this did not remedy the matter. The 
building still continued to be defaced and injured as often as it 
was repaired. 

In 1845, a committee was appointed to confer with the railroad 
company in relation to making improvements about the station. 

394 



RAILROADS. 395 

It had been found that a station could not be maintained and kept 
without a station agent to look after it and care for any business 
which might be done by people over the road. A request was made 
for a new depot and a tenement for the depot master to live in. 
This was granted, and the present building was built and occupied 
in 1849. Charles F. Chase was the first station agent and contin- 
ued to act in that capacity for twenty-five years, or until 1874. He 
was succeeded by his son, Josiah P., until 1877, when Mr. Charles 
P. Akerman was appointed and has filled the position since. The 
old building at first used for a station was used as a freight house 
until consumed by fire, after which the present freight house was 
built. 

For many years we had very poor accommodations for doing busi- 
ness. Freight had to be loaded and unloaded while the teams stood 
upon the main track, and there were a great many narrow escapes 
from serious and fatal accidents. Gen. C. A. Nason, while loading 
milk one foggy night, had his horse killed and wagon destroyed by 
an express train. He had one foot in the wagon at the time, but 
succeeded in saving himself. Strange as it may appear he never 
received anything for his loss, although application was made to 
the railroad company and satisfaction refused. Our train service 
was for a long time very poor; trains which stopped at every other 
station in the state were denied to us. All this was suffered by our 
people while a man who was a native of Hampton Falls was acting 
as superintendent of the road, and claimed to have full authority 
and control of all matters of that kind. To all our many requests 
that something should be done by way of improvement, so that those 
loading and unloading freight could do it without endangering 
their lives, and that our train service should be improved, he turned 
a deaf ear. Had there then been a board of railroad commissioners 
such as we have at the present time our wrongs would have been 
quickly remedied. When a change came in the management and 
we laid our case before strangers our train service was made the 
same as the other towns had. The side track was made longer and 
graded on the outside, so that loading and unloading could be done 
with safety to both men and teams, and no fault could be found in 
this respect. 

From the first opening of the road there had been more or less 
controversy in relation to the location of the station. A few wanted 
it moved south to Brimmer's crossing, claiming as an advantage 
that it would be located upon higher land and that there would be 



39*6 HISTORY OF HAMPTON FALLS. 

more room to do business. Articles appeared in the warrant from 
time to time to see if the town would vote to have the station re- 
moved to Brimmer's crossing. These were voted in the negative. 
Many felt that the depot was too far away, but nearly all who had 
any business with the railroad wanted it to remain where it was. 

An article appeared in the waiTant of the annual meeting in 
1867, again asking for removal to Brimmer's crossing, and, influ- 
enced by fair and as we now know unmeaning promises, the town 
voted without much opposition to remove. A committee was 
chosen to confer with the officers of the road. After waiting a 
few years, with nothing done by way of improvement or fulfilling 
the promises made by the superintendent, the town, in 1873, recon- 
sidered the vote for removal. Had the station been removed the 
town would have been put to much expense for new roads to get 
to it, but removal was impossible. By law of the state no station 
which has been in existence for any length of time can be abolished 
or removed without nearly a unanimous vote of the town, which 
can never be had. At the present time the town has little to com- 
plain of by way of accommodation or train service, except that it is 
so far away from the jDopulation and business, and this cannot be 
remedied. 

July 29, 1843, at a sale of non-resident lands for non-payment of 
taxes, among other property sold was a portion of the Eastern Kail- 
road situated in Hampton Falls. "So much of the Eastern Eail- 
road in New Hampshire, commencing at Seabrook line and extend- 
ing northerly, was sold Jointly to Cyrus Brown and John W. Dodge, 
they being the highest bidders, for ten dollars per rod in length, 
as will pay the taxes assessed on said Eastern Eailroad, amounting to 
$86.11, and incidental charges amounting to $1.64, being in the 
whole $87.75.'" How this matter was settled does not appear upon 
the record. 

The Eastern Eailroad in Xew Hampshire was sold in 1899 to the 
Boston & Maine, who are about to put down a double track and 
abolish all grade crossings. An overhead bridge will be erected at 
Brimmer's crossing. The town voted, in 1841, "That the select- 
men cause the railroad company to erect a bridge over the track 
where it crosses the old drift-way in Brimmer and Mitchell's pas- 
ture." It will now be done voluntarily by the railroad company. 



RAILKOADS. 397 

ELECTEIC EAILEOAD. 

In 1897, the Exeter Street Eailway was built, and put in success- 
ful operation from Exeter to Hampton Beach. The promoters of 
this enterprise were so well pleased that they wished to extend their 
system from Hampton to the Massachusetts state line, along what 
was known as the Lafayette road, and from the state line to Ames- 
bury. Permission to locate and build that portion in Massachu- 
setts was easily and quickly obtained. Articles of incorporation 
were filed with the secretary of state at Concord in February, 1898^ 
of a corporation to be known as the Hampton & Amesbury Street 
Eailway, to extend from Hotel Whittier to the state line, and per- 
mission was asked of the court to locate, build, and operate a street 
railway through the towns of Hampton Falls and Seabrook under 
the provisions of the general law passed in 1895 in relation to the 
building of street railways. The court appointed a committee, con- 
sisting of ex-Gov. D. H. Goodell of Antrim, Gen. Charles H. Bart- 
lett of Manchester, and Charles H. Knight, Esq., of Exeter, to view 
the route and to get evidence to see if the public good required a. 
road to be built there. After the proper notice had been given, the- 
committee gave a hearing to the parties interested at Seabrook, May 
16. Many appeared in favor and no one against, and the committee' 
made a favorable report at the June session of the court. When all 
the requirements of the law had been complied with, liberty was 
given to build and operate the road. This was not obtained until 
late in October. The contract to build was given to Messrs. Soule 
& Dillingham of Boston, who commenced work at the Hampton 
end of the road about the first of November. The weather was- 
unfavorable and slow progress was made. A heavy snowstorm- 
coming the last of November put an end to further construction for 
the season. At that time the rails had been laid to the top of 
Morton hill in Hampton Falls. Work was resumed April 19. The 
weather was favorable and the work progressed rapidly with no loss 
of time until it was completed. The first car passed through 
Hampton Falls May 12, and regular trips were made the day follow- 
ing from Hampton to Seabrook village. On May 24 the cars began 
to run regularly to the state line. On July 4 the road was opened 
and cars were running to Amesbury over the entire length of the 
line and were well patronized. Permission was obtained from the 
legislature of 1899 to consolidate the Exeter Street Eailway, the 



398 HISTORY OF HAMPTON FALLS. 

Hampton & Amesbury, and the Rockingham Electric Company into 
one corporation, to be known as the Exeter, Hampton & Amesbury 
Street Eailway. On the 20th of May the stockholders of the three 
corporations voted to accept the provisions of the act and became 
one corporation. The board of directors chosen were Warren 
Brown, "William Burlingame, Eben Folsom, Eufus IST. Elwell, Wal- 
lace D. Lovell, Edwin R. Pride, and Albert E. McReel. The board 
organized with Warren Brown president, Edwin R. Pride treasurer, 
John Templeton clerk, and Albert E. McReel superintendent. The 
Exeter, Hampton & Amesbury Street Railway has been built and 
]3ut in successful operation by the energy and enterprise of one 
man, — Wallace D. Lovell. 




WALLACE D. LOVELL. 

Promoter and Builder of the Exeter, Hampton & Amesbury Street Railway. 
See page 398, 



SHIP BUILDING. 



Hon". Christopher Toppan of Hampton, who was bom in 
Hampton in 1735 and died in 1818, was somewhat extensively en- 
gaged in shipping, both as an owner and builder. His yard was sit- 
uated at the turnpike near the river. The Toppan pasture, opposite 
where Arthur Chase now lives, situated partly in Hampton and 
partly in Hampton Falls, was purchased and used by him for a ship 
yard. At least two houses were upon this land, which were occupied 
by workmen who were employed as ship builders. The Blaisdells, 
Leaches, Maces, Marshalls, Millers, and Stickneys, who lived about 
Murray's row, were ship carpenters, who found employment at this 
yard. The vessels built were small ones, which were used in the 
coasting trade and in the fishery. At what time this yard was first 
used we have no definite knowledge. The men named above, who 
were employed here, were rated soon after 1750. We know that 
Toppan had a number of vessels in 1764, and that quite a number of 
them were built here. Ebenezer Maloon of Hampton Falls built 
vessels here. He was rated from 1760 until 1773, or later. Andrew 
Webster of Hampton Falls also built here. He was rated from 1747 
to 1781. jSTathaniel Healey built some vessels here after the close of 
the Eevolutionary War, but becoming dissatisfied with the amount 
of rent charged, he fitted up a yard at considerable expense on the 
marsh near the mouth of the Falls river, and built a road from the 
high land to reach it. This yard was overflowed at the time of high 
tides, which occasioned some inconvenience, the yard having to be 
enclosed in a stockade to prevent the timber from being earned 
away in time of overflow. He did considerable business here for a 
time. The remains of the yard and road are to be seen at the pres- 
ent time. 

It was largely through the efforts of Captain Healey that the 
canal was made from the Hampton to the Merrimack river, which 
was completed in 1791. This canal is mentioned in Belknap's His- 
tory of ISTew Hampshire. Small vessels could pass through with- 

399 



400 HISTORY OF HAMPTON FALLS. 

out being obliged to go outside. The Hampton fishermen found it 
convenient when going to Xewburyport and Ipswich to procure 
bait. It was used considerably at one time, but is now abandoned, 
having grown up so as to be of no value for the purpose for which it 
was designed. Captain Healey was born in Kensington in 1757. 
He graduated from Harvard College in 1?77, and came to Hampton 
Falls soon after. He owned the Worth farm for a time and built 
the house now occupied by John A. Dow in 1794. He owned and 
lived in the old parso-nage house at the hill while engaged in ship 
building and appears to have kept a store there for a time. He is 
said to have lost his property in ship building and digging the canal. 
He was rated in Hampton Falls for the last time in 1801. He re- 
moved to Hallowell, Me., where he died in 1823. Capt. John John- 
son of Hampton afterward owned the Toppan yard and built a 
number of small vessels there. He built the last one about 1850. 
A number of small vessels were built at one time near Swett's bridge 
on the main road below Morton hill. This was early in the present 
century. Capt. Xathan Moulton of this town built one or more 
schooners at Exeter about 1830. In 1825, the "Farmer," a vessel 
of forty tons, was built on the hill near where Jack Sanborn's house 
now is, and hauled with oxen to the river at the turnpike. It 
proved more of an undertaking than was expected to get it to the 
launching place. Too much refreshment was said to have paralyzed 
some of the teamsters. The "Farmer" was said to have been a 
slow sailer. The o-s^mers were Wells Healey, Thayer S. Sanborn, 
and Eichard Dodge. 



TAVEENS. 



Feom the earliest settlement of the town until 1840, when the 
railroad was opened to travel and the stages ceased to run, there 
appear to have been taverns kept continuously in Hampton Falls. 
Anthony Stanyan, who lived on the comer near the house now 
occupied by C. IST. Dodge, soon after 1656 was licensed by the town 
of Hampton to keep an ordinary, or tavern, which seems to have 
been kept by him and his descendants for many years after. The 
house now standing on that comer was built by Caleb Sanborn for 
his son Meshech, who kept a tavern there for a number of years. 
From 1790 until 1800 or later Capt. Nathaniel Dodge, at first, and 
then Dodge & Quarles, kept a tavem here. Afterward, Stephen 
Dodge, who owned the premises, kept a public house. How long, 
or at what time he ceased to do so, we have no authentic record. 
Tradition says that there were many different parties who kept tav- 
em upon this comer for many years. 

A log house, ovraed and kept by Col. Peter Weare, was licensed 
as a tavem in 1717. This house did business until after 1730, when 
in some way the license was lost or revoked. A vigorous effort was 
made to have the house again licensed, but it was unsuccessful. 
We do not know where this house was located. The record says 
it was where two roads came together. The reason this house was 
not licensed appears to have been that another and better house had 
been licensed. 

At a court held in Dover September 4, 1732, John Broum had a 
license granted him to keep a public house, or tavem, at Hampton 
Falls. There does not appear to have been any tavern here at the 
time this license was granted, the log house spoken of above, from 
some cause, having ceased business. We have seen that the select- 
men in 1734 petitioned to have annual sale fairs held in Hampton 
Falls, two each year, being held in May and October. The excel- 
lence of the public house was one of the reasons urged in asking 
for these fairs. John Brown, innkeeper, originated the idea of 

401 



402 HISTORY OF HAMPTON FALLS. 

holding fairs. They were held at his house and upon his grounds. 
In 1738, the selectmen again petitioned to have the time of holding 
these fairs changed to June and September, as it would be more 
convenient. The selectmen authorized John Brown to attend to 
the matter, and he succeeded in having the time changed. 

This was known as the celebrated Georges tavern, where the leg- 
islature of New Hampshire met that of Massachusetts in convention, 
1737, in relation to the line between the two provinces. The loca- 
tion of this house has been a matter of some speculation. It is 
believed by many to have been near where the brick house now 
stands, owned by the heirs of Cyrus Brown. John Brown came 
here from Massachusetts, and was not a relative of those of the 
name who had previously lived in this town. The family appear 
to have continued here until 1750, or later, when they removed 
from the town. 

We are unable to state the time when the Swett tavern began to 
do business. We find mention of Benjamin Swett, innkeeper, at 
the time the parsonage house was burned in 1749. He had prob- 
ably kept the house some time previous to this, as he was bom in 
IvlO. The house appears to have been situated back of the big elm 
tree on the premises now occupied by Miss S. Abbie Gove, and 
was afterwards known as the Wells tavern. Benjamin Swett ap- 
pears to have kept this house until his death, about 1762. He was 
succeeded by Col. Jonathan Burnham, who came from Ipswich in 
1763, and kept the house until 1771, or later, when he disposed of 
it to Capt. Joseph Wells, who also came from Ipswich. It then 
became knoT\Ti as the Wells tavern. 

Under the management of Captain Wells and his wife Eunice 
the house became celebrated for its excellence. It was called the 
best public house between Portland and Boston, the traveling pub- 
lic making their plans to remain here over night as much as possi- 
ble. From all we can learn this was the best public house ever kept 
in the town. Xot a little of the credit was due to the good manage- 
ment of Mrs. Wells. Captain Wells built the house now occupied 
by Miss Gove in 1787, and kept a tavern there until his death, in 
1791. The house was kept after his death for a few years by Mrs. 
Wells, who was succeeded by her son Moses. Mrs. Eunice Wells 
removed to Xewburyport, and was taxed here as a non-resident until 
her death in 1831. Moses Wells continued to keep tavern here 
until the Tavern house, so called, was built in 1808. This ended 



TAVERNS. 403 

the career of what had heen known as the "Wells tayem. Moses 
Wells died in 1825. 

The -new house was kept by Edward Langmaid, who came from 
Chichester, and had previously assisted Mr. Wells in the manage- 
ment of his house. Mr. Langmaid continued to keep the house 
until 1823. He was the first postmaster of the town. During his 
occupancy of the house, it became the stage house and continued 
to be such as lo-ng as the stages ran. After leaving here Mr. Lang- 
maid returned to his farm in Chichester. After he went away the 
house had a number of different landlords, — Towle, Leavitt, Mat- 
thew Merriam, and lastly, Newman Brown. After the stages ceased 
to run this house was not used as a public house, but was rented, 
having one or more families livi-ng in it. The house was enlarged 
and modernized and opened for summer business, but was not occu- 
pied in 1896, 1897, 1898, and 1899. 

Caleb Sanborn kept a tavern in a-n old house which stood where 
James W. Green formerly lived. When or how long this was a 
public house, we are unable to state. Tradition says for quite a 
number of years. 

Aaron Wells, a brother of Capt. Joseph Wells, who came here a 
number of years later, kept a tavern in a-n old house which stood 
near where Newell W. Plealey now lives.. 

After keeping the tavern at the hill for a number of years, CoL 
Jonathan Burnham disposed of his house to Captain Wells about 
1771, and removed to a house which stood where G. C. Healey's 
cottage stands, near Dr. Sanborn's. He kept a tavern here until 
the close of the century, removing to Salisbury about 1800. 

Caleb Tilton kept a tavern in his house, which is now occupied by 
Albert W. Elki-ns, for a number of years. This was the last tavern 
which did business in the town and was given up in 1842. 

In the early days of the town the tavern was a social place. The 
people were accustomed to meet there on certain evenings in the 
week to hear a-nd exchange news, and for other piirposes. This was 
before the days of prohibition. Flip and other good things were 
served, which tended to the enjoyment of the company, whose cares 
became lighter as the evening wore away. 

PETITION OF THE INHABITANTS OF HAMPTON FALLS FOR A 
TAVERN LICENSE. 

1732-3. To his Excellency Jonathan belcher Esq. Capt. Generall, and 
Commander in Chief, in and over His Majties province of New hamp- 



404 HISTORY OF HAMPTON FALLS. 

shire <S:c, and to the HonWe the Counsell and House of Representatives 
convened in Gen^ Assembly. 

The humble petition of us ye Subscribers Inhabitants of Hampton 
falls parish most humbly sheweth, That for three or four years Last 
past, wee have had Sundry Divisions, and j)arties made, which has 
cosd much distraction, and trouble amongst ye people of this parish 
upon ye account of ye tavern. The hous formerly Bult by Col Peter 
Weare, at ye corner ■where two streets met, was Bult with Logs, after 
ye manner of a Garrison, and on purxjose for a publick hous of Enter- 
tainment for travellers &c, and was veary sarvesable, for ye Security 
-of Travellers and ye Inhabitants in ye troublesome time of war upon ye 
consideration of so good service to ye publick ye Generall Assembly of 
this province made it a Licenced Hous, as we have been Inform'd and 
it has been Improv^ for yt use ever since, till about a twelve months 
since, and now By the consideration and order of his Majties Gen^ 
Quarter sessions of ye peace for S<i provence, held at Dover the fourth 
of Sept. 1732, a Licence "w^as Granted to another man whos hous is not 
so convenient and against ye Desire of most of the Inhabitants of this 
parish, the Selectmen of our parish Did at ye sessions afforesaid appro- 
bate Mr. Daniel Colins, ye present owner of ye old Hous, y^ usually had 
been the tavern, who has substance by him, and well supplied to keep 
ye house, with suitable necessaries for entertaining Strangers and 
travellers and since he has had ye sd Hous he has Laid out Consider- 
able upon it, in altering and makeing new additions to make ye Hous 
more convenient and fitt for Such Bussness. Therfore wee your most 
humble petitioners most humbly prays that as ye said House was a 
Licenced Hous formerly, as by Living Evidence it can be proved that 
it was so, and for That it will prevent making parties amongst us, by 
Striveing every year which shall get ye approbation, that the same 
Hous may again be made a Licenced House, the person keepeing it all- 
wais giving Bonds from time to time for Good order, and your peti- 
tioners as in duty Bound shall ever pray. 

Daniel Weare Nathan Clough 

Samuel Davis Joseph Cass 

Eobert Quinby Jonathan Cass 

John French Sharon Blake 

Henry Lampre Jona Philbrick 

Edward West Benj. Pearkins 

Joseph Cass, Jr. Thomas Cram 

Jonathan Eifield William Thompson 

Moses Black, Sen. Ichabod Eobie 

Jon. Chapman Jethro Tilton 

John Stanyan Jonathan Xason 

Shadrack Ward Jonathan Batchelder 

Jorge Conar Samuel Lane 

Isac Fales Eichard Sanborn 

Jeremii Browne James Sanborn 

John Halle Joseph Tilton 



TAVERNS. 



405 



Timo Blake 
Henry Grene(?) 
Benja Moody 
Ealp Butler 
Enoch Sanborn 
John Gove, Sen. 
Winthrop Doav 
Joseph Worth 
Jacob Brown 
Ephraim Hoyt 
Nathan Hoyt 
Ephraim (?) 
Jeremiah Eastman 
John Chase 
Joseph Nortin 
Ebeneazer Dow 
Samuel Page 
Jonathan Chase 
John Philbrick 
Nathan Sanborn 
Israel Clifford 
John Clifford 
Benjamin Present 
Samuel Tilton 
John Cram, Jr. 
Joseph Pearkins 
John Ware 
Samuel Healey 
Nathi Healey 
Jonathan Green 
Jonathan Batchelder 
Joseph Tilton 
John Cram 
Jonathan Cram, Jr. 
John Browen 
James Moulton 
Samuel Matcheen 
John Matson 
Jacob Garland 
John Green 
Jacob Stanyan 
Thomas Gill 
Samii Emons 
Amos Cass 
Benjamin Green 
Jedjah Blake 

Eead and unanimously Voted 



Sherbum Tilton 
Josiah Tilton 
David Sanborn 
John Page 
Ebeneazer Prescott 
Stephen Hobs 
Israel James 
Abram Moulton 
Timothy Hutchinson 
Joseph Wadleigh 
John Swain 
Philemon Blake 
Robert Row 
John Batchelder 
Wadley Cram 
Daniel Kelley (?) 
John Green, Sen. 
Lenamin Cram 
William Evans 
Jonathan Tilton 
Jonathan Prescutt 
John Gove, Jr. 
Jonathan Row 
Thomas Leavitt 
Elisha Prescutt (?) 
Elisha Prescutt, Jr. 
Benj. Prescutt 
Edward Tuck 
Samii Blake 
Nathaniel Prescutt 
Joseph Draper 
Richard Nason 
Benjamin Sanborn 
Caleb Swain 
James Prescutt 
Jeremiah Green 
Jonathan Prescutt 
Benjn Swett 
Benj. Hilliard 
Timo. Hilard 
Caleb Browne 
Thos. Philbrick 
Jeremy Gove 
Jonathan Do^v 
Jno Harvey 

In Coun. Feb. ;28tli 1732-3. 
to be dismissed. 

R. WALDRON Secry. 



406 HISTORY OF HAMPTON FALLS. 

In the above list are a number of names which are given wrong, 
but we do not attempt to correct it, but give the names as we find 
them. Any one familiar with the names of the people living in 
town at that time can easily make a number of corrections. The 
reason this petition was not granted was that John Brown had been 
granted a license, and was keeping an acceptable house, known as 
the Georges tavern. 



STOEMS. 



The ninth of June, 1G54, there was a storm of thunder and hail 
such as hath not been heard of in New England since the first set- 
tlement thereof, which hail fell in the hounds of Hampton, between 
the town and the mill at the Falls, and was so violent that where the 
strength of the storm went it shaved the leaves, twigs, and fruit 
from the trees, and beat down the corn, both rye and Indian, and 
peas, and other things; battered and burying the same as though 
men had beaten it down with threshing instruments, "the hail being 
in admiration for the multitude thereof, so as that in some places it 
remained after the storm was over twelve inches in thickness above 
the ground," and was not all dissolved two days after the storm in 
many places, as we are informed by many eyewitnesses. Many of 
the hailstones were said to be three or four inches in length. 

In 1658, when the apple trees were in bloom, there came on such 
a sudden and severe degree of cold that in a fishing boat belonging 
to Hampton one man died before they could reach the shore. An- 
other was so chilled that he died in a few days, and a third lost his 
feet. 

In 1671, a great storm of driving snow carrie out of the north- 
west, and drove up into drifts about six feet deep, as appeared by 
those who measured the banks of snow. For a space of fourteen 
days after it was a sad time of rain, not one fair day, and much 
damage was done to mills and other things by the flood which fol- 
lowed. 

In February, 1717, there were two storms that were unusually 
severe. The snow attained a depth of ten or fifteen feet, and in 
many places twenty feet. Paths were dug from house to house by 
tunneling under the snow, and the only visits to any distance were 
made on snowshoes, the wearers stepping out of the chamber win- 
dows. One-story houses were completely buried in snow. 

The winter of 1801-02, till near its close, was unusually mild, 
but in the latter part of February there occurred one of the most 

407 



408 HISTORY OF HAMPTON FALLS. 

remarkable and long continued snowstorms known for twenty years. 
There was much damage to shipping and things by sea. About 
three feet of snow fell at this time. 

The 19th of January, 1810, was one of the most memorable cold 
days of the present century. From a mild temperature the weather 
suddenly became cold; the mercury descended in less than sixteen 
hours to thirteen below zero. This was accompanied by high winds 
of such force as to prostrate many trees and buildings. This ex- 
tended over a wide extent of territory. From Hampton, several 
perso-ns started with ox teams to go to Newburyport with potatoes. 
They suffered terribly with cold before reaching home. It came 
on suddenly, and many people were not prepared for it, and much 
damage and suffering resulted. This was what was known and 
talked of long after as the "cold Friday." 

"The September gale" occurred on the 23d of September, 1815. 
A great deal of damage was done to woodlands, where the trees 
were uprooted in great numbers and to such an extent that the lines 
between owners were in many cases obliterated. The salt grass 
upon the marsh had been mostly cut and stacked. The tide rose 
high enough to take the stacks from the bottoms and carry them 
away. This and the cold Friday were favorite themes of conver- 
sation among old people fifty years ago. 

The year 1816 was noted for its severity. There were frosts 
every month in the year, and a snowstorm in June. In Hampton 
corn high enough to hoe was completely covered. The first two 
months of the year were mild. In April a new winter set in; snow 
and sleet fell half the days in May; there were frosts nearly every 
night in June. July was cold, ice forming as thick as window glass 
in all the Xew England states. The weather in August was still 
colder, ice forming nearly an inch in thickness. No corn was rip- 
ened. In the spring of 1817, seed corn sold for from five to ten 
dollars per bushel. 

A severe rainstorm, accompanied by a high tide, occurred in April, 
1851. The railroad was washed away north of the depot on the 
marsh, and a great deal of other damage was done. It was during 
this storm that the ]\Iinot ledge lighthouse was destroyed. 

Another storm of great severity occurred in November, 1861. 
The tide was very high. It took up the railroad track from the 
depot to Birch island, and carried it to the high land. A number 
of days' labor were required before travel was again resumed. Hay 



STORMS. 409 

stacks were taken off, and deposited in, all sorts of inconvenient 
places, and mnch trouble and loss resulted. 

Another disastrous storm and tide occurred in November, 1871, 
when the railroad track was again badly injured. jSTearly all of the 
haystacks below the railroad were moved and deposited about as 
thick as they could be placed along the track and in other places. 
A great many unpleasant and uncomplimentary things were said 
by those claiming and dividing the hay. There is nothing which 
will occasion more ill feeling than a fight for drift hay. Many were 
able, as they thought, to distinguish their own hay by the looks 
of it. 

The first of February, 1886, there was a heavy ice storm. Every- 
thing out of doors was covered by a thick coating of ice. The trees 
and shrubbery were loaded to their utmost capacity, which occa- 
sioned a great deal of damage. Shade and fruit trees were badly 
broken, and disfigured to such an extent that they have never recov- 
ered, many showing the effects of that storm at the present time. 
It was veiy fortunate that it was still when the trees were loaded 
with ice. Had a high wind occurred at that time, hardly a tree of 
any kind could have remained standing. As it was, much serious 
damage was done. 

On March 10 and 11, 1888, there came eighteen inches of damp, 
heavy snow which was badly drifted. The roads were so blocked 
as to put a stop to all business. It was impossible to get to town 
meeting, and from this cause the annual town meetings in almost 
all the towns in the state were postponed. Our town meeting was 
held on the following Saturday. This storm extended over south- 
ern New England and New York City. 

Snow came December 6, 1797, and stuck upon the sides of the 
trees. So steady was the cold that it did not thaw or drop off until 
January 27. 

The snow which came November 17, 1798, remained and covered 
the ground until April 5, 1799. Steady cold weather prevailed 
during the whole of that time. 

Tuesday, September 6, 1881, was known as "the yellow day." 
Everything took on a glaring yellow hue, unlike anything before 
seen. It was a dark day. The disc of the sun was not visible. A 
smell of smoke was in the air. It was difficult to see the hands of 
a clock across the room, and too dark to read ordinary print. It 
was painful to the eyes. Although business was not suspended, it 
was a serious hindrance to doing many kinds. The next day was 



410 HISTORY OF HAMPTON FALLS. 

cloudless, and all signs of the preceding day had disappeared. It 
w as supposed to have heen caused by forest fires in Canada sending 
down smoke under jDeculiar atmospheric conditions not yet ex- 
plained. It caused alarm among the ignorant and superstitious. 

The 19th of May^ 1?80, was known as "the dark da}^' in New 
England. The sun was visible for a short time in the morning, 
but soon became obscured. For some days larevious the air had 
been filled with smoke, supposed to have been from forest 'fires in 
Canada. A fog came in from the sea and mingled with the smoke, 
making the atmosphere impervious to light. Before eleven o'clock 
it was so dark that the schools were dismissed. The fowls went to 
roost, and the cattle came to the barn, as was their custom at night. 
By noon it became necessary to light candles. The darkness con- 
tinued through the remainder of the day. The night was noted 
for its darkness, which was as dark in proportion as had been the 
day. Dr. Belknap says that it was as complete a specimen of total 
darkness as can be conceived. People who were out made their 
way only with great difficulty. About midnight the wind breezed 
up, and it began to grow lighter. The next morning the sun rose 
bright and clear, to the great delight of every one. The darkness 
extended over a large area, and was said to have been as great about 
here as elsewhere. 

LIGHTNING. 

The year 1727 was a year of much thunder and lightning. The 
like was perhaps never known in this country. Although the light- 
ning has struck in many places, yet no person in this or the adjoin- 
ing province has been killed thereby. In Hampton the lightning 
has fallen on divers trees, and August 23, two oxen were killed by 
it at the Falls. Yet God, the preserver of men, has spared our lives 
though the blow has fallen very near to some of us, as will appear 
Ijy the two following instances: 

April 10, 1727, a little after break of day, a thunder-storm came 
over the town. At first the thunder was but low and seemed to be 
at a distance, but all at once came an amazing clap. The lightning 
then fell upon the house of ]\Ir. Edward Shaw. It took off all that 
part of the chimney which was above the roof, and broke down all 
the fore part of the chimney in the northeast end of the house, till 
it came to the chamber hearth in the lower room of that end of the 
house, where the man's mother and one of his grandchildren lodged. 



STORMS. 411 

It took a small table within four feet of the head of her bed and 
carried off the leaf which was nest to the bed. It went from thence 
down into the cellar, where it moved two hogsheads which stood 
near the foundation of the chimney. One of them, which was full, 
was turned partly upon its head. The wooden hoops upon it were 
loosened, but the iron hoops were not moved. In its passage into 
the cellar it went through the hearth, where, after the rubbish was 
removed, was found a large hole that was made by it, and in the 
foundation, a little over one of the hogsheads, was observed a small 
hole where it is probable the lightning had its vent. In the south- 
west room of the house where the man and his wife lodged, it 
entered into a small cupboard, where it broke divers earthen dishes, 
but yet the door of the cupboard was not burst open. By the great 
mercy of God no person in the family was hurt. Even the aged 
woman who was in so great danger received not the least damage. 
She was only waked out of her sleep by it, and knew not the cause 
of the noise till she saw the next flash of lightning. 

July 5, 1727, in the afternoon, we had another thunder-storm. 
Mr. Samuel Palmer was riding towards the woods, having behind 
him his little son about seven years old. As they were traveling 
along there came a terrible clap of thunder. The lightning struck 
two trees twelve feet asunder, which were about a hundred yards 
on one side of the path in which they were going. It tore one of 
the trees all in pieces, and threw some of the splinters into the 
path. They were riding at a good pace, so that in less than a min- 
ute they would have been up with the place where the lightning 
fell, and would probably have been killed by it. There was but a 
step between them and death. 

August 8, 1860, it had been intensely hot and sultry in the early 
part of the day. About four o'clock in the afternoon came up a 
thunder shower. Those who observed the clouds said they came 
from the four quarters of the heavens and met overhead. The 
result was one of the most terrific thunder-storms ever experienced 
in this section. It became dark as night, the lightning flashed 
incessantly, and the thunder at as continuous. The rain fell in 
torrents. This lasted about two hours. It did little damage in 
this town, striking a few trees. It struck a house in Hampton, 
killing a woman who was engaged in prayer. 



PETITION TO BE ANNEXED TO MASSACKUSETTS 



The following named persons in Hamptan Falls signed a peti- 
tion to be annexed to Massachusetts in 1739: 



Xatlii Weare 
Charles Treadwell 
Benja. Sanborn 
Benja. Sanborn, Jr. 
Xath. Healey 
Ebeneazer Sha^- 
Xathan Tilton 
John Cram 
Samuel Lane 
John Brown 
Daniel Bro^vn 
John Brown, Tertius 
Jacob Green 
Benja. Prescott 
Jona. Batchelder 
Eeuben Sanborn 
Samuel Tilton 
Abraham Brown 
Jabez Smith 
Benja. S\%'ett 
Thomas Brown 
Jeremiah Pearson 
Moses Stickney 
Ebeneazer Gove 
Xathan Green 
Daniel Swett 
Jeremiah Benet 
John Flood 
Jonathan Chase 
Thos. SiUa 

Archelaus Lakeman, Jr. 
John Flood, Jr. 
Joseph Worth 
John Worth 
Obadiah Worth 
Daniel Chase 



John Stanyan 
Thomas Leavitt 
Caleb Swain 
Samuel Prescut 
Philemon Blake 
Joshua Blake 
Abner Sanborn 
William Eussel 
Jonathan Fifield 
Samuel Shaw 
Joshua Purington 
Winthrop Dow 
Amos Chase 
Enoch Gove 
John French 
Benjamin Do'n- 
Jonathan Hoag-, Jr. 
Ebeneazer Blake 
Ephrium Hoyt 
Joseph Thresher 
Jonathan Green 
Benjamin Green 
Jonathan Hoag 
Henry Drewe 
Job Haskell 
Stephen Palmer 
Philip Pravare 
Jeremiah Brown 
Ebeneazer Knowlton 
Job Knowlton 
Ealph Butler 
Xathi Burrell 
Xathan Cram 
Thomas Cram 
Meshech Weare 
Benja. Hilyard 



72 names. 



412 



SECEET SOCIETIES. 



FEEE MASONEY. 

Theke have been for a long time some memlsers of the Masonic 
fraternity li^dng in this town. Among the earliest were- Joseph 
Akerman, Stephen Dodge, and Jonathan N'ason, who were mem- 
bers of Rockingham Lodge, which was located at Hampton. This 
lodge became extinct after 1826, during the Morgan excitement. 
Capt. John AY. Dodge was made a Mason in St. Mark's Lodge, New- 
buryport, about 1846. Hampton Falls is now within the juris- 
diction of Star in the East Lodge of Exeter. Those who have be- 
come members from this town are James D. Brown, Enoch J. Til- 
ton, Edwin Janvrin, Edwin Prescott, Levi T. Sanborn, Warren 
Brown, Henry H. Knight, Frank P. Cram, John F. Shepherd, 
Cyrus W. Brown, Hugh Brown, James H. Brown, Charles W. Bailey, 
Jack Sanborn, William H. McDevitt, Arthur W. Brown, John E.. 
Brown, Bertram T. Janvrin, Forest F. Brown. 

The following have become members of St. Albans Chapter,, 
Eoyal Arch Masons, Exeter: Warren Brown, Edwin Prescott, Enoch 
J. Tilton, James D. Brown, Frank P. Cram, Henry H. Knight, 
John F. Shepherd, Arthur M. Dodge, James H. Brown, Jack San- 
born, William H. McDevitt; members of Olivet Council, Exeter, 
Warren Brown, James D. Brown, James H. Brown, Jack Sanborn; 
members of DeWitt Clinto-n Commandery of Knights Templar, 
Portsmouth, Warren Brown, Arthur M. Dodge; member of Alleppo 
Temple of the Mystic Shrine, Boston, Warren Brown. 

EOCKINCxHAM LODGE, I. 0. 0. F. 

Eockingham Lodge N'o. 22 was instituted at Hampto-n Falls in 
1848, on petition of John F. Jones, Edward D. Pike, Charles C. 
Gove, Elijah Valentine, John W.Dodge, and Woodbury M.Marsters. 
The four first named were charter members, Edward D. Pike being 
at the present time (1898) the only surviving petitioner. The 

27 

413 



414 HISTORY OF HAMPTON FALLS. 

lodge room was over the store of C. IST. Dodge. After working four 
or five years the lodge became domiant, in which condition it 
remained until 1878, when it was reinstated April 18, with John F. 
Jones, Edward D. Pike, John L. Perkins, James Janvrin, George S. 
Merrill, Lewis F. Prescott, and Albert J. Sanborn as charter mem- 
bers, and Charles P. Akerman, John M. Akerman, John P. Blake, 
Charles H. Chase, Charles F. Jones, Frank S. Green, Nathan H. 
Eobie, Charles L. Sanborn, Emmons B. Towle, and Charles C. 
Green as initiates. 

The jurisdiction of the lodge included Hampton Falls, Hamp- 
ton, North Hampton, part of Eye, Seabrook, and Kensington. 
After the lodge was reinstated it increased rapidly i-n numbers, 
and larger accommodations were needed. In 1883 the Grand Lodge 
granted a petition for its removal to Hampton, where it occupied 
Academy hall until 1897, when it moved into a new and commo- 
dious hall, in a new building which had been built for the purpose 
by the lodge, and which is fitted with all the modern conveniences. 

The lodge is reported to be in a prosperous condition with a large 
membershijj. An encampment has been formed where the higher 
degrees are conferred, and a, lodge of Eebekahs has also been insti- 
tuted. All the surroundings of a prosperous and growing lodge 
Jire here. 

liOCKINGHAM DIVISION, SONS OF TEMPEEANCE. 

Hockingham Division, Sons of Temperance, was instituted in 
Hampton Falls by Thomas E. Sawyer of Dover in 1847. Its meet- 
ings were held in Odd Fellows hall, over the store now occupied by 
C. N. Dodge. It had a large membership, composed of the most 
respectable and substantial citizens of the town. It continued its 
meetings and organization until about 1850, when its active life 
ceased. Its members were said to have lived up to the principles of 
the order during the time of its existence. We are unable to state 
the reasons why it was not longer continued. 

In 1848, soon after the formatio-n of Eockingham Division, Sons 
of Temperance, the order of Cadets of Temperance was formed for 
those not old enough to be members of the division. This order 
■was instituted by Levi Leland, who called himself the "Honest 
Quaker." He was a temperance lecturer, and claimed to be a re- 
formed drunkard. The Cadets met in the hill schoolhouse. The 
order did -not continue long, but like the good little boy in the Sab- 
bath-school book, died young. 



SECRET SOCIETIES. 415 

PATEONS OF HUSBANDEY. 

The order of Patrons of Husbandry was instituted in Washington 
in 1868 by 0. H. Kelley. Its object was to form a closer union 
among the farmers of the country for the purpose of improving 
their condition, both financially and socially. Thei order spread 
rapidly to all parts of the country, until at the present time there 
are but few localities where those desiring cannot become members 
and receive its advantages. 

A grange was formed in Hampton Falls in 1873, which continued 
for a number of years. At that time there was no public hall in 
the town. The meetings were held at the houses of the members. 
Co-operative buying and other things claimed to be a benefit were 
taj^en advantage of. After a time the grange became dormant and 
surrendered its charter. 

In 1891 Hampton Falls Grange was reinstated, and the meetings 
were held in the town hall. A good degree of interest was mani- 
fested and quite a large membership secured. Two fairs for the 
exhibition of fruits and farm products were successfully held under 
its management, also some social entertainments. The social fea- 
tures of the order have in most instances proved to be the most val- 
uable to its members. The grange, like all other orders, has its 
seasons of interest and prosperity, and also its other times when less 
interest is manifested and smaller prosperity enjoyed. 

ANTI-TOBACCO SOCIETY. 

About 1848, an anti-tobacco society was formed in the upper part 
•of the town. Its members signed a pledge to abstain from the use 
of tobacco in every form. Its meetings were held in Washington 
hall over the Exeter road schoolhouse, and were of a social and 
intellectual character. A paper was sustained by contributions, and 
read at each meeting. It continued in existence for a few years, 
but from some cause ceased to exist. 



TOWN BOOKS. 



EECOPtD BOOKS. 

The record books are in the possession of the town and present 
an nnbroken line from the beginning in 1718. They are in a good 
etate of preservation. The penmanship is good, with hardly an 
exception. Some of the earlier clerks wrote a very handsome hand. 
It is to be regretted that the record had not been made fuller and 
more complete. Many things were voted at various times with the 
apparent intention of being carried out at once, but nothing further 
is found in relation to it. The town voted a number of times to 
buy a farm upon which to keep its poor, but no action was ever taken 
in the matter. The record of births and marriages was not as well 
kept as we wish it was. Some families are recorded with great care, 
while others neglected to register at all, and from this cause any 
attempt at general genealogical work is impossible. There are six 
record books, the first of about twelve hu-ndred pages begins in 
1718 and ends in 1779; the second ends in 1814; both are bound in 
pigskin. The third ends in 18-16, the fourth in 1866, the fifth in 
1886, the sixth, now in use, will not end until after 1900. All are 
bound in calf. An iron safe was procured in 1890 in which to keep 
the town books. 

INVOICE BOOKS. 

The invoice of the town as a .separate parish should begin in 
1718, when the first selectmen were elected. The first invoice 
book which I have seen commenced in 171:3 and continued for ten 
years. The list of persons taxed and the amounts paid by each is 
not given until 1747, and is the first list of tax-payers I have ever 
seen upon any town book. This book Ijas paper covers, and was 
found a few years ago by Henry H. Knight among some old papers 
m the house occupied by Stephen Tilton, who died in 1821, and had 

416 



TOWN BOOKS. 417 

been prominent in town matters early in the present century. This 
book has never been in the custody of the town. The selectmen's 
accounts were kept upon this book, from which I have quoted some 
interesting items. The earlier invoice books are missing, and no 
tidings of them can be found. I have been able to present the in- 
voice of 1709 of all persons south of Taylor's river, which included 
wnat is now Kensington and Seabrook; also the invoice of 1737. I 
obtained them from Mr. Asa W. Brown of Kensington, who said 
rie coj)ied them fifty years ago from books then in possession of the 
town, but which have since disappeared and are probably lost. I 
have seen many references to the invoice of 1727 in different places. 
Persons are mentioned in the history of Chester who were taxed in 
Hampton Falls in 1727. I do not know why this has so much 
prominence over that of other years. From 1752 until 1761 the 
invoice and selectmen's accounts are kept upon a long narrow book 
with parchment covers. This is a well-kept book and contains much 
valuable information. The next book is a leather-covered one, 
from 1761 till 1773. Before 1768 the books contain the names 
and amount of tax paid by persons living in what is now Seabrook. 
There is a great deal of valuable information to be gathered from 
the three books above mentioned, which has been made use of by 
the writer^ besides giving evidence to prove the truth of much 
which was obtained elsewhere. The next book, from 1773 until 
1787, is not to be found. It would have been of great assistance to 
me if I could have seen this book, as it covers the time of the Eev- 
olutionary War, and other events of great interest of which we 
cannot get as much information as is desirable. If this book is in 
existence it would be a great favor to have it returned to the cus- 
tody of the town, as it would contain matter of much historic inter- 
est. With the exception of the time covered by this book there is 
a list of persons taxed from 1747 until the present time. Begin- 
ning with 1787 all the books are in possession of the town. They 
are kept with more care after this time. After 1795 the accounts 
are kept in federal money, dollars and cents, instead of pounds and 
shillings, and there is no uncertainty as to the amount named. 
There had been great uncertainty in the earlier books, owing to the 
depreciated currency. Much of the time amounts in old tenor did 
not represent more than ten per cent of its face value in good money. 
I have given the invoices of 1709, 1727, 1747, 1768, 1787, 1800, 
1830, and 1850. A list of names one hundred years old is of great 
value to any one who may have occasion to make any historical 



418 HISTORY OF HAMPTON FALLS. 

research. From 1787 u-ntil some time after 1800, the names of per- 
sons composing each highway district, with the amount of. their 
rates, are given, which is of value in locating the residence of the 
persons named. The town accounts were first printed and distrib- 
uted in the spring of 1842, and every year since except 1845. We 
find sixteen names upon the invoice of 1709 which are on the list 
at the present time. Some of them are lineal descendants of those 
named at that time. Others are from families which have located 
here since. They are Batchelder, Brown, Cram, Chase, Dow, 
Eaton, Green, Healey, Johnson, Leavitt, Nason, Prescott, Sanborn, 
Smith, Tilton, and Weare. The earlier list of tax-payers, and 
amount of invoice, appear to have been returned to the court. In 
examining the records recently removed from Exeter to Concord I 
found the invoice of this town for a number of years, with the list 
of tax-payers, which may account for their not being recorded upon 
our town books. 




THOMAS LEAVITT, . ESQ. 
1774-1852. 

Prominent in Town Matters. 



TOWN OFFICEKS. 



MODEEATOES. 

1718, Deacon Weaee. 

1719, Samuel Shaw. 

1720, Joseph Tilton. 

1721, 1722, 1723, 1726, 1727, 1728, 1730, 1731, 1732, 1733, 1735, 
1736, 1737, 1738, Nathaniel Weare. 

1724, 1725, 1729, 1733, 1734, Peter Weare. 
1739, James Prescott. 

1740, 1744, 1746, 1747, 1750, 1755, 1756, 1757, 1759, 1760, 1761, 
1762, 1763, 1764, 1765, 1766, 1767, 1769, 1770, Meshech Weare. 
1741, 1742, 1743, Joseph Triton. 
1745, 1748, 1749, Jonathan Fason. 
1751, 1752, Col. Ichabod Eobie. 

1753, Samuel Prescott. 

1754, Josiah Batchelder. 
1758, 1768, Eichard Nason. 

1771, 1772, 1774, 1775, 1780, 1781, 1782, 1783, 1784, 1785, 
1786, 1787, 1788, Capt. Jonathan Tilton. 

1773, John Phillips. 

1776, 1777, 1778, 1793, Col. Jonathan Burnham. 

1779, 1789, David Batchelder. 

1790, 1791, 1792, 1794, 1795, 1796, 1797, 1798, 1799, 1800, 
1801, 1802, 1803, 1804, Abner Sanborn. 

1805, 1806, 1807, 1808, 1809, 1810, 1811, 1814, Peter Tilton. 

1812, 1815, Aaron Merrill. 

1813, Theophilus Sanborn. 

1816, 1817, 1819, 1822, 1823, Jeremiah Blake. 

1818, 1826, Joseph Perkins. 

1820, 1821, 1824, 1825, 1831, Thomas Leavitt. 

1827, William Brown. 

1828, 1830, 1834, Caleb Knight. 

1829, Thayer S. Sanborn. 

419 



420 HISTORY OF HAMPTON FALLS. 

1832, 1833, 1844, AYells Healey. 

1835, 1836, 1837, 1816, 1862, Xehemiah P. Cram. 

1840, 1842, John Brown, Jr. 

1841, 1843, 1847, George H. Dodge. 
1845, 1859, 1861, John W. Dodge. 

1848, John M. Marsters. 

1849, John Batchelder. 

1850, Zebnlon Jones. 

1851, 1853, John S. Cram. 

1852, Thomas L. Sanborn. 

1854, Charles ^". Healey. 

1855, Charles A. Xason. 

1856, Nathan W. Brown. 

1857, Charles T. Brown. 

1858, Jacob T. Brown. 
1860, True M. Prescott. 

1863, 1864, 1866, 1867, 1870, 1874, Horace A. Godfrey. 

1865, Levi E. Lane. 

1868, 1869, Samuel Palmer. 

1871, 1875, Dean E. Tilton. 

1872, 1873, 1880, 1882, 1896, 1897, 1898, 1899, 1900, Warren 
Brown. 

1876, 1877, 1891, 1892, Warren J. Prescott. 

1878, EdAvin Prescott. 

1879, 1881, Frank P. Cram. 

1883, Frank S. Green. 

1884, 1885, 1886, 1887, 1889, 1890, 1895, Charles P. Akerman. 
1888, Emmons B. Towle. 

1893, 1895, Henry H. Knight. 

TOWN CLEEKS. 

1718, Joseph Tilton. 
1735, Jonathan Fifield. 
1759, Henry Eobie. 
1762, Caleb Sanborn. 
1771, Benjamin Tilton. 

1776, Samuel Weare. 

1777, Jonathan Tilton. 

1778, David Batchelder. 

1779, Samuel Weare. 



TOWN OFFICERS. 



421 



1780 
1788 
1790 
1792 
1805 
1814 
1823 
1823 
1824 
1831 
1835 
1838 
1842 
1844 
1846 
1848 
1850 
1852 
1853 
1855 
1857 
1859 
1860 
1862 
1864 
1866 
1871 
1873 
1877 
1881 
1885 
1897 



Jonathan Tilton. 
Caleb Tilton. 
Samuel Weare. 
David Batchekler. 
Caleb Tilton. 
Levi Lane. 
Wells Healey. 
Levi Lane. 
Wells Healey. 
Aaron Sanborn. 
John B. Brown. 
Jeremiah Godfrey. 
John W. Dodge. 
Wells W. Healey. 
Jeremiah Lane. 
Jacob T. Brown. 
Thomas L. Sanborn. 
William T. Merrill. 
Dean E. Tilton. 
John C. Akerman. 
John F. Jones. 
John J. Brown. 
John H. Gove. 
George S. Merrill. 
Charles T. Brown. 
Enoch J. Tilton. 
Cyrus W. Brown. 
Charles C. Green. 
Charles F. Jones. 
George C. Healey. 
Jack Sanborn. 
Frank H. Lord. 



SELECTMEN. 



1718, Benjamin Perkins, Major Weare, Benjamin Cram. 

1719, Deacon Weare, Ichabod Robie, Deacon Shaw. 

1720, Joseph Tilton, Benjamin Sanborn, Jonathan Fifield. 

1721, John Cram, ISTathaniel Weare, Jonathan ISTason. 

1722, Jonathan Nason, Nathaniel Batchekler, Daniel Weare. 

1723, Daniel Tilton, Jonathan Fifield, Jacob Stanyan. 



422 HISTORY OF HAMPTON FALLS. 

1724, Benjamin Perkins, Jethro Tilton, Peter AYeare. 

1725, Nathaniel Weare, Ichabod EolDie, Nathaniel Healey. 

1726, Nathaniel Weare, James Prescott, Jonathan Nason. 

1727, Eecord missing. 

1728, Jonathan Fifield, Jonathan Nason, Jacob Green. 

1729, Nathaniel AVeare, James Prescott, Jonathan Nason. 

1730, Nathaniel Prescott, Nathan Longfellow, John Batchelder. 

1731, Abner Sanborn, Jonathan Gove, Samuel Clifford. 

1732, Jonathan Fifield, Eobert Eowe, Eeuben Sanborn, John 
Green, Moses Blake. 

1733, Benjamin Green, Joseph AA^orth, James Prescott, Israel 
Blake, Joseph Tilton. 

1734, Eecord missing. 

1735, Joseph AA'orth, Jonathan Fifield, Eichard Sanborn, Josiah 
Batchelder, Elisha Purington. 

1736, Colonel AA''eare, John Gove, Jonathan Nason, Eeuben San- 
born, Samuel Page. 

1737, Joseph AVorth, Jonathan Fifield, John AA'eare, Joseph AVad- 
ley, James Prescott. 

1738, Thomas Cram, Benjamin Hilliard, Josiah Batchelder. 

1739, Benjamin Hilliard, Jacob Brown, Samuel Prescott. 

1740, Edward Gove, Benjamin Moulton, Meshech AVeare. 

1741, Edward Gove, Thomas Leavitt, Joseph Batchelder. 

1742, Meshech AA^'eare, Captain Healey, Jonathan Fifield. 

1743, Meshech AVeare, Nathaniel Healey, Jonathan Fifield. 

1744, Meshech AA^eare, Elisha Prescott, Jonathan Tilton, Jona- 
than Fifield, Tristram Collins. 

1745, Abner Sanborn, Josiah Batchelder, Jonathan Nason, Jona- 
than Fifield, Thomas Sillea. 

1746, Nathaniel Healey, Samuel Prescott, Jacob Stanyan, 
Thomas Cram, Eichard Smith. 

1747, Josiah Batchelder, Jonathan Nason, Meshech AVeare, Jona- 
than Fifield, Samuel Collins. 

1748, Jonathan Tilton, Eichard Nason, Jonathan Swett, Jona- 
than Gove, Jabez Eaton. 

1749, Nathaniel Healey, Henry Eobie, Benjamin Swett, Jr., Jo- 
seph AVorth, Eichard Smith (chosen by hand vote). 

1750, Jonathan Cram, Eichard Nason, Abner Sanborn, Joseph 
Perkins, Amos Dwinel. 

1751, Jonathan Swett, Josiah Batchelder, Henry Eobie, Joseph 
AVorth, Nathaniel Gove. 



TOWN OFFICERS, 423 

1752, Joseph Worth, Josiah Batchelder, Jonathan Swett, Henry 
Eobie, Nathaniel Gove. 

1753, Jonathan Tilton, Benjamin Swett, Jr., Abraham Dow, 
Richard Smith, Samuel Lane. 

1754, John Tilton, Henry Eobie, Caleb Sanborn, Enoch Gove, 
Jacob Smith. 

1755, Josiah Batchelder, Samuel Prescott, Jonathan Swett, Oba- 
diah Worth, Samuel Collins. 

1756, Jonathan Tilton, Henry Eobie, Benjamin Swett, Edward 
Gove, Eichard Smith. 

1757, Jonathan Cram, Eichard ISTason, Meshech Weare, Winthrop 
Dow, Ebenezer Knowlton, Ji'. 

1758, Benjamin Cram, Henry Eobie, Walter Williams, Nathaniel 
Gove, Tristram Collins, 

1759, Benjamin Tilton, Meshech Weare, Nathan Cram, Samuel 
Collins, Josiah Batchelder. 

1760, Nathan Tilton, Eichard Nason, Meshech Weare, Jonathan 
Fifield, Jr., Samuel Collins, 

1761, Samuel Prescott, Henry Eobie, Abner Sanborn, Winthrop 
Gove, Eichard Smith. 

1762, Jonathan Tilton, Eichard Nason, Jonathan Swett, Win- 
throp Gove, Eichard Smith. 

1763, Meshech Weare, Samuel Prescott, Henry Eobie, Nathan 
Green, Tristram Collins. 

1764, Meshech Weare, Jonathan Tilton, Eichard Nason, Nathan- 
iel Gove, Tristram Collins. 

1765, Meshech Weare, Nathan Tilton, Eichard Nason, Nathaniel 
Gove, Jeremiah Collins. 

1766, Samuel Prescott, Meshech Weare, Benjamin Tilton, Na- 
thaniel Gove, Jeremiah Collins, 

1767, Nathan Tilton, Jeremiah Blake, Meshech Weare, Jona- 
than Fifield, Samuel Collins. 

1768, Abner Sanborn, William Prescott, John Tilton, 

1769, Abner Sanborn, Samuel Prescott, Paine Eow. 

1770, Caleb Sanborn, Nathan Cram, David Batchelder, 

1771, Jeremiah Blake, Jeremiah Lane, William Davidson, 

1772, Jeremiah Blake, David Batchelder, Samuel Prescott. 

1773, Nehemiah Cram, Benjamin Tilton, William Davidson, 

1774, Caleb Tilton, Benjamin Tilton, Jonathan Steward. 

1775, Abner Sanborn, Caleb Tilton, Benjamin Tilton. 

1776, Abner Sanborn, Samuel Prescott, Jeremiah Blake, 



424 



HISTORY OF HAMPTON FALLS. 



1777, Xehemiah Cram, Benjamin Tilton, Isaiah Lane. 

1778, Jonathan Cram, Jeremiah Blake, Jeremiah Lane. 

1779, Abner Sanborn, Isaac Green, Samuel "Weare. 

1780, David Batchelder, Xehemiah Cram, Jeremiah Blake. 

1781, Caleb Tilton, James Prescott, Benjamin Pike. 

1782, Caleb Tilton, James Prescott, Benjamin Pike. 

1783, Caleb Tilton, James Prescott, Benjamin Pike. 

1784, Caleb Tilton, James Prescott, Benjamin Pike. 

1785, Zebulon Hilliard, Samuel Weare, Peter Tilton. 

1786, Peter Tilton, Xathaniel Hubbard Dodge, Samuel AVeare. 

1787, David Batchelder, Cor. Nathan Brown, Samuel Lane. 

1788, Nathaniel Healey, Michael Tilton, Caleb Tilton. 

1789, Cor. Nathan Brown, George Fifield, Jeremy Blake. 

1790, Stephen Tilton, Abner Sanborn, James Prescott, Jr. 

1791, Nathan Brown, Samuel Lane, Benjamin Pike. 

1792, Peter Tilton, George Fifield, Michael Tilton. 
179.S, Samuel Lane, Benjami-n Pike, Jonathan Cram, Jr. 

1794, Peter Tilton, David Nason, Aaron Merrill. 

1795, Peter Tilton, David Nason, George Fifield. 

1796, Thomas Moulton, James Prescott, Aaron Merrill. 

1797, Peter Tilton, Jonathan Lane, David Batclielder. 

1798, Samuel Lane, Caleb Tilton, Theophilus Sanborn. 

1799, Stephen Tilton, Jeremiah Blake, Aaron Merrill. 

1800, Stephen Tilton, Jeremiah Blake, Aaron Merrill. 

1801, Benjamin Sanborn, Theophilus Sanborn, Samuel Brown. 

1802, Stephen Tilton, Jeremiah Blake, Theophilus Sanborn. 

1803, Stephen Tilton, Jeremiah Blake, Theophilus Sanborn. 

1804, Joseph Perkins, Jeremiah Blake, Moses Wells. 

1805, Jonathan Cram, Jr., Jeremiah Blake, Moses Wells. 

1806, Jonathan Cram, Jr., Jeremiah Blake, Moses Wells. 

1807, Peter Tilton, Aaron Merrill, Nathaniel Perkins. 

1808, Natlianiel Perkins, Josiah Prescott, Jonathan Cram. 

1809, Nathaniel Perkins, Jonathan Cram, Jeremiah Blake. 

1810, Aaron Merrill, Jonathan Cram, Jeremiah Blake. 

1811, Aaron Merrill, Jonathan Cram, Jeremiah Blake. 

18] 2, Jeremiah Blake, Jonathan Cram, Reuben Batchelder. 

1813, Aaron Merrill, Jonathan Cram, Levi Lane. 

1814, Aaron Merrill, Jonathan Cram, Levi Lane. 

1815, Theophilus Sanborn, Jonathan Cram, Jeremiah Blake. 

1816, Aaron Merrill, Jonathan Cram, Jeremiah Blake. 

1817, Joseph Melcher, Joseph Akerman, Jeremiah Blake. 



TOWN OFFICERS. 425 

1818, Joseph Melcher, Joseph Akerman, Jeremiah Blake. 

1819, Jonathan Cram, Jeremiah Blake, Xathaniel Perkins. 

1820, Jonathan Nason, Levi Lane, Eeuben Batchelder. 

1821, Moses Wells, Levi Lane, Jeremiah Blake. 
1823, Abner Sanborn, AYells Healey, Eichard Dodge. 

1823, Eichard Dodge, Jeremiah Blake, John Brown, 3d. 

1824, David Chase, John Brown, 3d, Aaron Merrill, Jr. 

1825, David Chase, John Brown, 3d, Aaron Merrill, Jr. 

1826, Thayer S. Sanborn, Jonathan jS^ason, Joseph Cram. 

1827, Thayer S. Sanborn, Jonathan iSTason, Joseph Cram. 

1828, Jeremiah Lane, Aaron M. Gove, Eeuben Batchelder.. 

1829, John Marshall, Aaron M. Gove, Nathan Moulton. 

1830, Jeremiah Godfrey, True M. Prescott, John Marshall. 

1831, Charles Chase, Thomas Leavitt, Jeremiah Godfrey. 

1832, Thomas Brown, Charles Chase, Jeremiah Godfrey. 

1833, Thomas Brown, AVilliam AVadleigh, Thayer S. Sanborn. 

1834, William Wadleigh, Jonathan Xason, Thayer S. Sanborn. 

1835, Joseph Cram, George Janvrin, Jonathan ISTason. 

1836, Joseph Cram, David Chase, John Marshall. 

1837, Thayer S. Sanborn, Levi Lane, John P. Sanborn. 

1838, Thayer S. Sanborn, Levi Lane, John P. Sanborn. 

1839, David Janvrin, John Weare, Peter Tilton. 

1840, David Janvrin, John Weare, AVeare D. Tilton. 

1841, Weare D. Tilton, True M. Prescott, Emery Batchelder. 

1842, Emery Batchelder, True M. Prescott, Samuel Melcher. 

1843, Thomas Brown, Samuel Melcher, Stacy L. Nudd. 

1844, Eufus C. Sanborn, John Chase, Joshua Janvrin. 

1845, Eobert S. Prescott, John Chase, Joshua Janvrin. 

1846, John Batchelder, John P. Sanborn, Evifus C. Sanborn. 

1847, John Batchelder, John P. Sanborn, Eufus C. Sanborn. 

1848, Weare D. Tilton, Aaron Prescott, John W. Dodge. 

1849, Weare D. Tilton, Aaron Prescott, Charles C. Gove. 

1850, Thayer S. Sanborn, Jeremiah Godfrey, Charles A. Nason. 

1851, Charles H. Sanborn, Eufus C. Sanborn, Charles A. Kason. 

1852, Charles H. Sanborn, Eufus C. Sanborn, John L. Perkins. 

1853, Silas Green, Jacoli T. Brown, James D. Dodge. 

1854, Matthew Pike, Levi E. Lane, John L. Perkins. 

1855, Nathan Brown, John Chase, Samuel Melcher. 

1856, Nathan Brown, Jeremiah Godfrey, True M. Prescott. 

1857, Jeremiah Godfrey, True M. Prescott, Thomas L. Sanborn. 

1858, John S. Cram, George B. Sanborn, John C. Akerman. 



426 HISTORY OF HAMPTON FALLS. 

1859, John C. Akerman, George B. Sanborn, Lewis T. Sanborn. 

1860, Silas Green, Levi E. Lane, James Janvrin. 

1861, Silas Green, Levi E. Lane, James Janvrin. 

1862, John C. Sanborn, Lewis F. Prescott, John W. Dodge. 

1863, John C. Sanborn, Levi T. Sanborn, John W. Dodge. 

1864, John H. Gove, Levi T. Sanborn, Thomas G. Moulton. 

1865, Thomas L. Sanborn, Benjamin E. Weare, Thomas G. Moul- 
ton. 

1866, John Batchelder, Charles T. Brown, Benjamin F. Weare. 

1867, John Batchelder, Charles T. Brown, Emmons B. Towle. 

1868, Charles T. Brown, Warren Brown, Emmons B. Towle. 

1869, Warren Brown, Edwin Janvrin, Edwin Prescott. 

1870, Levi E. Lane, Edwin Janvrin, Edwin Prescott. 

1871, Levi E. Lane, Henry H. Knight, John M. Marshall. 

1872, Levi E. Lane, Henry H. Knight, John M. Marshall. 

1873, Henry H. Knight, John N. Sanborn, James D. Janvrin. 

1874, Frank P. Cram, John X. Sanborn, James D. Janvrin. 

1875, Frank P. Cram, Josiah P. Chase, John N. Sanborn. 

1876, Frank P. Cram, Edwin Janvrin, Daniel E. Pervear. 

1877, George C. Brown, John M. Marshall, Daniel E. Pervear. 

1878, George C. Brown, John M. Marshall, Daniel E. Pervear. 

1879, Levi E. Lane, John F. Jones, Frank S. Greene. 

1880, Levi E. Lane, John F. Jones, Frank S. Greene. 

1881, George S. Merrill, Joh-n C. Sanborn, Matthew S. Pike. 

1882, George S. Merrill, James D. Brown, Matthew S. Pike. 

1883, George B. Sanborn, Samuel L. Pervear, Flenry H. Knight. 

1884, George B. Sanborn, Samuel L. Pervear, Henry H. Knight. 

1885, James D. Janvrin, George C. Healey, David C. Hawes. 

1886, James D. Janvrin, George C. Healey, David C. Hawes. 

1887, James D. Janvrin, George J. Curtis, Orrin D. Greene. 

1888, George J. Curtis^ Orrin D. Greene, George F. Merrill. 

1889, George J. Curtis, George F. Merrill, Lester B. Sanborn. 

1890, George F. Merrill, Lester B. Sanborn, John J. Brown. 

1891, George F. Merrill, John J. Brown, George J. Curtis. 

1892, George F. Merrill, John J. Brown, Benjamin W. Elkins. 

1893, Frank S. Greene, Benjamin W. Elkins, David F. Batchelder. 

1894, Frank S. Greene, Benjamin W. Elkins, David F. Batchelder. 

1895, H. H. Knight, Joseph B. Cram, Bertram T. Janvrin. 

1896, H. H. Knight, Joseph B. Cram, Bertram T. Janvrin. 

1897, H. H. Knight, John Brown, Warren B. Pervear. 

1898, H. H. Knight, John Brown, Warren B. Pervear. 

1899, George F. ]\lerrill, James H. Brown, William H. Thompson. 



TOWN OFFICERS. 427 

EEPEESENTATIVES. 

1718, 1722, 1733, 1734, Peter Weare. 

1727, 1730, 1737, Katha-niel Weare. 

1735, 1736, 1739, 1741, Ichabod Eobie. 

1744, 174S, 1752, 17G2, 1765, 1768, 1774, 1775, Mesliech Weare. 

1758, Eichard jSTason. 

1771, Jonathan Tilton. 

1776, 1777, Henry Eobie. 

1779, Samuel Weare. 

1783, 1785, Abner Sanborn. 

1787, Nathaniel Healey. 

1778, 1791, Nathaniel Hubbard Dodge. 

1793, 1795, 1803, Nathan Brown. 

1797, Caleb Tilton. 

1801, 1807, 1811, Peter Tilton. 

1809, 1814, Joseph Perkins. 

1813, 1815, 1816, Aaron Merrill. 

1817, 1819, 1821, 1822, Jeremiah Blake. 

1820, 1828, William Brown. 

1824, 1825, Thomas Leavitt. 

1826, 1827, Levi Lane. 

1829, 1831, David Chase. 

]832, 1833, Josiah Brown. 

1834, Moses Batchelder. 

1836, 1838, John Weare. 

1837, Neheniiah P. Cram. 
1839, 1840, George H. Dodge. 
1841, 1842, Thayer S. Sanborn. 
1844, Otis Wing. 

1846, 1847, John W. Dodge. 
1848, 1849, Jeremiah Godfrey. 
1850, 1851, Simon Winslow. 
1852, 1853, Wells W. Healey. 
1854, 1855, Charles H. Sanborn. 
1856, 1857, John Batchelder. 
1858, 1859, Thomas L. Sanborn. 
1860, 1861, Charles A. Nason. 
1862, 1863, Jefferson Janvrin. 
1864, 1865, Dean E. Tilton. 
1866, 1867, Levi E. Lane. 



428 



HISTORY OF HAMPTON FALLS. 



1868 

1870 
1872 

isr-i 

1876 
1878 
1879 
1881 
1883 
1885 
1887 
1889 
1891 
1893 
1895 
1897 
1899 



1869, Emery Batchelder. 
1871, Peter G. Tilton. 
1873, Charles T. Brown. 
1875, George B. Sanborn. 
1877, JohnF. Jones. 
Joseph T. Sanborn. 

1880, John C. Sanborn. 
1882, Henry H. Knight. 

1881, Edwin Janvrin. 
1886, John X. Sanborn. 
1888, Warren Brown. 
1890, George C. Healey. 
1892, Frank S. Greene. 
1894, Daniel E. Pervear. 
1896, George J. Curtis. 
1898, TTarren J. Prescott. 
1900. Henrv E. Tilton. 



DELEGATES TO COXSTITUTIOXAL CONVENTIONS. 

1791, Nathaniel Hubbard Dodge. 

1850, George H. Dodge. 

1876, Xehemiah P. Cram. 

1889, Emmans B. Towle. 

At the first convention held at Exeter July 21, 1774, Meshech 
Weare was a delegate from Hampton Falls. 

At the second convention at Exeter January 25, 1775, Meshech 
Weare, Jonathan Burnham, Paine Wingate, and Caleb Sanborn 
were delegates from Hampton Falls. 

Henry Eobie and Benjamin Leavltt were delegates from Seabrook. 
Both lived in Hampton Falls, but had polled into Seabrook under 
the provisions of the charter granted that town. 




CHARLES T. BROWN. 

For Iwenty-five years Town Treasurer. 
See page 558. 



NORFOLK COUNTY. 



The county of Norfolk, constituted in 1643, was composed of 
the towns of Exeter, Hampton, Dover, and Portsmouth, in New 
Hampshire, and Salisbury and Haverhill in Massachusetts. The 
shire town was Salisbury, although the courts were holden alter- 
nately at Salisbury and Hampton. Before the formation of Nor- 
folk county the New Hampshire towns were under the jurisdiction 
of the court at Ipswich. The county was named Norfolk, because 
man}'' of its inhabitants came from Norfolk county in England. 

Dover and Portsmouth had a separate Jurisdiction, and a court of 
one or more magistrates chosen by the General Court, from the 
principal persons of the towns. This court was held once or twice 
each year. Its jurisdiction extended to causes which did not exceed 
twenty pounds. The decisions were rendered and regulated by the 
laws of Massachusetts. This was called the Court of Associates. 
An inferior court, consisting of three persons, was constituted in 
each town, with jurisdiction over all cases of twenty shillings value 
or under. 

Eobert Page of Hampton was at one time marshal of Norfolk 
county. Abraham Drake of Hampton was marshal of Norfolk 
county for ten years, resigning in 1673. Henry Dow of Hampton 
was then appointed, and continued marshal as long as the county 
had an existence. In 1650, Maj. Eobert Pike was appointed one of 
the three commissioners of Norfolk county. In 1665, he was ap- 
pointed a magistrate of the county. 

In 1670, jealousy and disorder had spread among the officers of 
the militia in the county. Major Pike was appointed "sergeant- 
major, under whose command they might be drawn together and 
exercised in regimental service as the law directeth." 

Thomas Bradbury, son-in-law of Rev. John Wheelwright, was 
for a number of years register of deeds for Norfolk county. It was 
before the Norfolk county courts that Goody Cole was tried for 
witchcraft in 1656. She was convicted and suffered imprisonment 

28 

429 



4S0 



HISTORY OF HAMPTON FALLS. 



for a number of years in Boston. From the county records we 
learn that John Carleton of Haverhill was fined three pounds for 
striking Eobert Swan several blows, and Eobert Swan was fined 
thirty shillings for striking John Carleton several blows. From 
this it would seem that an attempt was made to do equal justice to 
both parties. 




MAP OF OLD NORFOLK COUNTY, 1643. 

A law was passed in November, 1654, prohibiting all persons 
except those specially licensed from selling any Indians either 
wine or strong liquors of any sort, under a penalty of twenty 
shillings per pint, and in that proportion for all quantities more 



NORFOLK COUNTY. 431 

or less. Henry Palmer of Haverhill and Eoger Shaw of Hampton 
were all the persons licensed for this purpose in the county of Nor- 
folk. 

The court records of Norfolk county are in existence, and consist 
of three volumes, one of which is kept in Salem, Mass. The other 
two have been kept at Exeter until recently. By act of the legisla- 
ture of 1897, they were removed from Exeter to Concord, and are 
now deposited in the library building there. Many of the Norfolk 
county deeds are recorded with the early Eockingham deeds, and 
can be seen at the register of deeds' oflice in Exeter. 

By an edict accepted and confirmed by the king and council in 
1677, the towns of Dover, Exeter, Hampton, and Portsmouth were 
severed from Massachusetts and made a separate jurisdiction, which 
caused Norfolk county to come to an end. 

The following order was passed by the General Court held at Bos- 
ton on the 4th day of February, 1679: 

The court being sensible of the great inconvenience and charge that 
it will be to Salisbury, Haverhill, and Almsbury to continue their 
county court, now that some of the towns of Norfolk are taken ofE, 
and considering that those towns did formerly belong to Essex and 
attended at Essex court, do order that those towns that are left be 
again joined to Essex and attend public business at Essex courts, 
there to impleade and be impleaded as occasion shall be; their records 
of lands still to be kept in some one of their own towns on the north 
side of the Merrinaack river, and all persons accordingly to convene 
and attend in Essex county. 

By the Court. EDWARD RAWSON, Secret'y. 

The records alluded to in the above order were subsequently 
deposited in the archives of the county at Salem, where they still 
remain. 

Norfolk county came to an end because the New Hampshire towns 
were severed from Massachusetts and made a separate province 
against the wishes of their inhabitants. Eobert Mason laid claim 
to New Hampshire, and by his influence and that of his friends 
with the king, succeeded in having it done, considering that he 
could be more successful in accomplishing his purpose if a separa- 
tion was made and an independent government established. 

The records consist of births, marriages, deaths, deeds, wills, 
inventories, etc. The conveyances recorded are of lands in the 
present towns of Atkinson, Brentwood, Danville, East Kingston, 
Epping, Exeter, Fremont, Hampstead, Hampton, Hampton Falls, 



432 HISTORY OP HAMPTON FALLS. 

Kensington, Kingston, Newmarket, Newton, North Hampton, 
Plaistow, Eye, Salem, Seabrook, South Hampton, a-nd Newfields in 
New Hampshire, and most of the towns north of Salem in Essex 
county in Massachusetts. 

Amo-ng the volumes now at Concord are several which relate ex- 
clusively to the court business which was done in Dover and Ports- 
mouth, where more business appears to have been done than in the 
rest of the county. 



EOBIESTOWN. 



About 1735, Col. Eobert Hale, who was at that time one of the 
leading me-n in Beverly, Mass., put in a petition in behalf of the 
men who composed Captain Eaymond's company, that accompa- 
nied the ill-fated expedition to Canada in 1690, for a grant of a 
township in J^ew Hampshire. The petition received favorable 
action, and Colonel Hale and his associates received a grant of the 
territor}^ which comprises the present town of Weare. Ineffectual 
efforts were made to settle the town in accordance with the terms 
of the grant. About 1746, the lord proprietors bought of John 
Tufton Mason, the rights of Capt. John Mason, and thinking to 
make mone}^, made gra-nts of townships to bodies of associated 
men called town proprietors. At this time the town had been called 
Plalestown about fifteen years, and Colonel Hale had acquired many 
of the rights and had become the principal ow-ner. 

The lord proprietors granted to Ichabod Eobie and his associates 
a township six miles square at a place called Halestown, satisfactory 
arrangements having been made with Colonel Hale and his few 
remaining associates to be incorporated with the new proprietors. 
Ichabod Eobie and his associates, eighty in number, became the 
town proprietors. Most of them lived in Hampton Falls, a few in 
Hampton and other towns near by, and the other persons agreed 
upon in Beverly and the towns near there. Among them were one 
colonel, three captains, one lieutenant, two esquires, two ministers, 
two deacons, and one widow. The town was now called Eobiestown, 
as Ichabod Eobie was the first named proprietor. The following 
were some of the proprietors living in Hampton Falls: 

Ichabod Eobie, Esq., Jeremiah Pearson, Elisha Prescott, Jona- 
than Swain, Benjamin Hilliard, Thomas Boyd, Josiah Batchelder, 
James Prescott, Abner Sanborn, John Eobie, Bradbury Green, 
Jeremiah Bennett, Jacob Stanyan, Enoch Barker, Enoch Sanborn, 
Benjamin Swett, Henry Eobie, Caleb Sanborn, John Clifford, Lieut. 
Joseph Batchelder, Abner Philbrick, Paine Eow, Jonathan Fifield, 

433 



434 HISTORY OF HAMPTON FALLS. 

Ebenezer Sanborn, John Brown, John Gove, Jr., Jacob Brown, 
Elisha Batehelder, ISTathan Brown, Jonathan Steward, Jonathan 
Green, Jr., John Green, Eichard ISTason, Samuel Prescott, Nathan 
Green, Capt. John Tilton, Eeuben Sanborn, Jr., Timothy Blake, 
Reuben Sanborn, Ebenezer Prescott, Capt. Samuel Prescott, Na- 
than Tilton, Henry Thresher, Walter Williams, Timothy Fuller, 
Thomas Batehelder, Capt. Thomas Cram, David Tilton, Caleb Ben- 
nett, Samuel Prescott, Meshech Weare, John Loverin, Abner San- 
born, Jr., Edward Gove, Simon Fogg, Mrs. Judith Quimby, Jona- 
than Hilliard. 

CONDITIONS OF THE GRANT. 

There were to be one hundred shares, seventeen reserved for the 
lord proprietors, to be free from all taxes ; the first minister settled 
in the town to have one share; the ministry one, the income to be 
used for the support of the gospel; the one hundred acres of these 
shares to be laid out near where the meeting-house was to be built, 
and not to be drawn as the other lots; the school was to have one 
lot for its use and support forever. 

The center square was to contain six acres, and be left at some 
convenient place for a meeting-house, schoolhouse, training field, 
burying ground, and any other public use. Settlers, to the number 
of thirty families, were to be got by the town proprietors within 
four years from the granting thereof, each to have a house sixteen 
feet square and three acres of land, cleared and fitted for mowing 
and tillage on each settled lot, and ten more families in the next 
two years. A meeting-house for the public worship of God was to 
be built within six years. Preaching of the gospel was to be con- 
stant after twelve years. A sawmill was to be built within two 
years, to saw at the halves for ten years. If no man built it then 
the town proprietors were to build it, and saw on such terms as 
would forward the settlement of the town, the sawing to be done 
by the long rule. Twenty acres of ground were to be set apart in 
some fit place for the mill privilege. 

Taxes were to be paid by each man for laying out the lots and 
doing other things. The lots should be sorted in laying out, and 
care taken that the shares should be as equal as possible. Ranges 
were to be made where the land would admit of it in laying out the 
lots, and the land left between the ranges for highways four rods 
wide, and between the lots two rods wide. All white pine trees 



ROBIESTOWN. 435 

fit for masting the royal navy were to be reserved and granted to 
his majesty the king and his heirs. 

Forfeits were to be had of this grant to the grantors if the gran- 
tees should not settle the forty families in the time set, and should 
not do the other things named in this grant. If some of the gran- 
tees performed the conditions, then they should hold their own 
shares and the shares of those who did nothing, and any one who 
did his part should hold his right or share. 

An Indian war should be an exception. The time it lasted 
should not count against the grantees, and they should have their 
full time after it was over. 

The lord proprietors provided that if any suit or suits should be 
brought, the grantees should defend one at their own expense, and 
if they got beaten the grantees should recover nothing back from 
them. 

The town proprietors met February 25, 1750, at the inn of Ben- 
jamin Swett in Hampton Falls, for the annual election of officers 
and the transaction of any other proper business. Capt. Samuel 
Prescott was chosen moderator; Meshech Weare was chosen pro- 
prietors' clerk for one year, and until another should be chosen 
and sworn, and Meshech Weare, Capt. Samuel Prescott, and Dea. 
Josiah Batchelder, "a committee to call meetings of ye proprietors 
as there shall be occasion agreeable to the same methods as ye last 
committee." 

Kichard Nason, Capt. Samuel Prescott, and Paine Row were a 
committee to siiiTcy and run the lines and lay out the lots. They 
then chose Ichabod Eobie, Esq., Paine Row, Jacob Stanyan, Me- 
shech Weare, and John Sanborn a committee to go to Robiestown 
and look out the most convenient place for a way to said tract of 
land, or in any part thereof, and mark out the same in order for 
clearing it, and to do this business as soon as the season would admit. 
This committee did the work, coming to an unbroken wilderness 
in the early spring, and probably occupying the camps used the 
previous fall by the surveying party. They looked out a route smd 
perhaps lightly marked it, but could not have done much work upon 
it. Ichabod Robie, Esq., charged £25, Paine Row £15, Jacob Stan- 
yan £20, Meshech Weare £12, and John Sanborn £8 for their ser- 
vices. 

The committee to call proprietors' meetings gave notice March 
26, 1750, that one would be held April 5 at four o'clock in the after- 
noon at Swett's inn, to do these things: First, to pay their rates, or 



436 HISTORY OF hampton falls, 

taxes; second, to vote that the rights of those who did not pay he 
forfeited; third, to sell the same; fourth, to vote to fence in the 
whole of Eobiestown, and the manner in which to do it; fifth, to 
see what was best to be done to get settlers. 

They met at the time appointed, and chose Dea. Jonathan Fifield 
moderator. It was voted that rights that did not pay charges 
•sliould be forfeited. They then adjourned for two weeks that no- 
rtice to those who lived near might be given from the pulpit each Sab- 
bath. Those at a distance were to be notified by letter. All who 
did not pay their rates would forfeit their rights. Meshech Weare 
^vrote the pulpit notice. It was read by the minister on two Sab- 
baths, and was to let all know that the town proprietors had deter- 
mined, at a meeting held April 5, that the rights of such as did not 
pay their proportion of the charges that had arisen, within fourteen 
days from that time, should be forfeited to those of the proprietors 
that would carry on the same. 

At an adjourned meeting May 1, the rights of twelve of the pro- 
prietors were declared forfeited to the other grantees. Among 
those forfeited at this time were the rights of Colonel Hale and some 
•of the other Halestown grantees, who appear to have lost all inter- 
est in the new towniship. The sale took place upon the 7th of May. 
In the succeeding years many other rights were forfeited and sold. 

The town proprietors soon found that the most difficult condi- 
tions in their grant were to get settlers and have them build houses 
and clear the land. To get the first two or three to go was the hard- 
est of all, so they were free to offer liberal bounties. Two of the 
proprietors, Jeremiah Bennett and Timothy Blake, appreciating the 
situation, were inclined to go and settle, and the proprietors, at a 
meeting May 10, 1750, voted, that if these two would go at once, 
they would find six men to help them two weeks, and would also 
pay them the same wages for the same time. When they took theii 
families there, each was to have £50, old tenor, and the cost of 
moving. If they staid a year they would have £50 more, and if 
two years, an additional £50, one half at the first and one half at the 
end of the second year. The proprietors, that they might have 
the money to pay, voted that each owner of a right should pay to 
the committee by the next Thursday night twenty shillings, old 
tenor. 

Henry Eobie and Paine Eow were the committee to carry out this 
vote. The men were raised and soon set out for Eobiestown. The 
1)1 en were from Hampton Falls, and were John Loverin, John Til- 



KOBIESTOWN. 437 

ton, William Swain, Jonathan Swain, Caleb Bennett, and Paine 
Ivow. Jeremiah Bennett and Timothy Blake went with them. 
Each wrought twelve days on Bennett's land. They felled trees, 
cleared land, and built ^'hous or housen" on it. The workmen 
each got £1 10s. per day. 

Another meeting was held June 11, 1750, at Swett's inn. They 
voted to raise eight men to go to Eobiestown, and among the things 
they were to do were to cover the house built for Bennett with long 
clapboards, build a chimney, and fit the house so that a family could 
move into it as soon as possible. 

John Loverin and Paine Eow were the committee to raise the 
eight men. They went themselves, and along with them were Brad- 
bury Green, Benjamin Tilton, Enoch Sanborn, Timothy Walker, 
Eleazer Quimby, and Jeremiah Bennett, the one who thought to 
settle. These men each worked eleven days at £1 10s. per day. 
July 26, 1750; Samuel Prescott and Joseph Batchelder were ap- 
pointed a committee to look over the accounts of Henry Robie and 
Paine Eow and of John Loverin and Paine Eow, the two former 
committees, and found that their accounts of the above business 
amounted to £294 22s. The expenditure of this money did not 
prove to be much of a benefit to the proprietors, as once going to 
Eobiestown was enough for Timothy Blake, and two trips satisfied 
Jeremiah Bennett. [NTeither of them ever settled there. 

The proprietors held out further inducements for settlers by 
offering any persons, to the number of six, who would now go to 
Eobiestown and settle, to send eight men with them to assist in 
building and clearing for two weeks. The settlers were to have 
provisions for one year at the expense of the proprietors if they 
staid there so long. If they took their families, they were to have 
provisions for the same time if they staid, and the proprietors 
were to pay the expense of their moving there. 

To obtain mo-ney for this purpose each right was assessed three 
pounds. Paine Eow and Henry Eobie were a committee to carry 
the above into effect. Notwithstanding these tempting offers, no 
one accepted them. John Loverin and Paine Eow went with six 
men to finish the Bennett house, and to open the way up to the 
center square. Sometime before June 16, 1652, twenty-four men 
were sent to clear this way, but it was many years before much of a 
road was built. 

The grant required that a sawmill should be built. The proprie- 
tors thought if lumber could be readily obtained it would prove an 



438 HISTORY OF HAMPTON FALLS. 

inducement to settlers. A number of ineffectual attempts were 
made, but in 1752, when the time had become short, and there was 
danger of the grant being forfeited because the mill had not been 
built, they acted at once. February 29, Dea. Jonathan Fifield, 
Eichard Nason, and Capt. Samuel Prescott were chosen a commit- 
tee to see upon what terms they could agree with any one to build 
a sawmill. After making some investigation, it was voted to build 
the mill at once. Moses Blake and his associates agreed to make a 
substantial dam to stop the water and build and furnish the mill 
complete for seven hundred pounds, old tenor. The mill was 
promptly built, and at a meeting of the proprietors, October 24, 
1752, it was accepted and Moses Blake was paid and discharged. 

There is no record of the amount of business done by this mill, 
but probably not much, as a few years later a great freshet swept 
away both the mill and the dam. The saw was foimd and used to 
cover the mould board of a wooden plow, and did service in that 
capacity for many years. 

The way made into Eobiestown led to the center square, and it 
was found necessary to build a bridge across Piscataquog river. 
Ensign Nason, James Prescott, and John Loverin were chosen a 
committee for the purpose. Each owner of a right was to send one 
man, or pay his proportion. Twenty-six men, mostly from Hamp- 
ton Falls, began Monday, June 22, 1752, and completed the bridge 
and came home Saturday the 27th. After the road and bridge 
were completed, efforts were made to clear the center square and 
build a camp thereon, which appears to have been done. 

The proprietors appear to have made a survey, returned their 
plan, drawn their lots, assessed and collected rates, sold the for- 
feited rights, made a way, built a bridge, erected a sawmill, and 
probably cleared the center square and erected a camp thereon, but 
did not fence the township. 

The town proprietors one by one sold their rights at a nominal 
price to settlers who came from other places. The French and 
Indian War extended their time, and prevented a forfeiture of their 
grant, so that in 1764, the forty families had been secured and the 
settlers asked for an act of incorporation, which was granted by 
Governor Wentworth, and the town was named Weare, in honor of 
Colonel Weare, who was afterward president and governor of the 
state. From what we can learn the proprietors did not receive 
much return for the labor and money expended in the attempt to 
settle Eobiestown, and some of them must have been at consider- 



ROBIESTOWN. 439 

able loss, as the town was not settled to any great extent until many 
years later. Had they received their grant a number of years later, 
it would probably have been more successful than it was. 

John Eobie, of Hampton Falls, son of Henry Eobie, one of the 
proprietors, born July 23, 1742, went to Weare to live, and was 
town clerk more than twenty-five years, and also selectman and 
representative, and for many years a justice of the peace. 

John Worth of Hampton Falls lived in Weare for a time. Many 
of the first settlers of Weare came from Hampton and that immedi- 
ate vicinity. Among them appear the names of Brown, Dow, Gove, 
Page, Philbrick, Cilley, and Quimby. 

The town of Chester was granted in 1722. One half of the 
grantees were from Hampton and Hampton Falls. We find the 
following names from Hampton Falls: Philemon Blake, Abraham 
Brown, Nathaniel Batchelder, Sen., Jonathan Brown, Moses Blake, 
Josiah Batchelder, ISTathaniel Batchelder, Jr., Jacob Basford, James 
Boyd, Amos Cass, Richard Clifford, Zechariah Clifford, Eev. The- 
ophilus Cotton, John Cram, Benoni Fogg, Jacob Garland, William 
Healey, Thomas Leavitt, John Prescott, James Prescott, John Pres- 
cott, Jr., Samuel Prescott, Ichabod Eobie, Eobert Eow, Joseph San- 
born, Benjamin Sanborn, Nathaniel Sanborn, Eeuben Sanborn, 
John Sanborn, Enoch Sanborn, Capt. Jonathan Sanborn, Dea. 
Samuel Shaw, Jacob Stanyan, Capt. Joseph Tilton, David Tilton, 
Jethro Tilton, Col. Peter Weare. 

Among the families from this town who settled in Chester we 
find the following names: Basford, Batchelder, Blake, Boyd, 
Bro\vn, Clifford, Healey, Prescott, Eobie, Eow, Sanborn. 



THE MOULTON ELM. 



The large elm. tree near the Moulton homestead on the Exeter 
road, which is the admiration of all beholders, is of great age, yet 
shows little sign of decay. It must have been growing when the 
first settlement of the town was made. Thomas Moulton, bom 
in 1755, said it was a very large tree when he was a boy. His son 
Joseph, who died, aged 92, in 1888, said he could not see that it 
had increased in size during his recollection. The circumference 
of the tree six feet from the ground is sixteen and one half feet, 
and at the ground several feet larger, and the spread of the branches 
is more than one hundred feet. 



440 



^1 



WEAEE MONUMENT. 



Mks. Hannah Porter, a daughter of Hon. Meshech Weare, who 
died in 184 9, aged ninety-five years, left a sum of money in her 
will to be used in erecting a monument to the memory of her father. 
Hon. George H. Dodge was appointed executor of her will, and 
finding the amount left by Mrs. Porter to be insufficient to erect 
anything which would be appropriate, he applied to the legisla- 
ture of 1852 to raise and appropriate money for the purpose. 
It was not until the next session, in 1853, that a joint resolu- 
tion was passed, authorizing the governor and council to appoint 
a committee, "To cause to be erected over the grave of Hon. Me- 
shech Weare, in Hampton Falls, a suitable monument to his mem- 
OTj, his patriotism, and many virtues." Twenty-five hundred dol- 
lars was appropriated. The following persons were appointed 
as this committee: George H. Dodge of Hampton Falls, J. Everett 
Sargent of AVentworth, and John H. Wiggins of Dover. 

The monument was placed upon the lower end of the common, 
about thirty rods east of the Weare mansion, and very near the spot 
occupied by the first meeting-house, the place in the old cemetery 
where his body lay not being considered a suitable place to put the 
monument erected by the state. The surviving relatives, who made 
objection to the removal of his remains, have since put up a small 
monument near his grave. 

The area about where the monument stands was graded and 
fenced at the expense of the town, which was one of the conditions 
when the appropriation was made. The work of grading was done 
by Thomas L. Sanborn, and was quite an undertaking, as the place 
had been used for a gravel pit and required considerable filling. 
It was then fenced with granite posts and wooden rails. About 
fifty square rods were enclosed, which, by vote of the town, was 
deeded to the state of New Hampshire. The expense of the town 
for grading and fencing was $274.80. 

The foundation was put in by Col. Jeremiah Lane of this town. 
Those who were acquainted with Colonel Lane and his method of 

441 



442 HISTORY OF HAMPTON FALLS. 

doing substantial work will not be surprised to learn that it has 
never moved or caused the monument to settle out of place. The 
monument and base were furnished by x^llen Treat of Portsmouth. 
The granite base and marble blocks composing the monument were 
moved from Portsmouth with oxen under the direction of Charles 
Hardy, and although this was done in dry weather in September, 
the stones moved were so heavy that the wheels cut into the hard 
gravel road a number of inches. 

In 1875, the fence enclosing the lot was removed, and the state 
made an appropriation and erected an iron fence, making a small 
enclosure about the monument, so that visitors have no difficulty 
in coming near enough to read the inscriptions. On the front is 
the inscription: 

GOV. WEAEE. 

He was one of those good men 

Who dared to love their country- and be poor. 

On the shaft above, "v^ithin a shield, is inscribed the state seal. 
On the right side are the words — 

Erected 
1853, 
By the State of New Hampshire 
to perpetuate the memory of 
her illustrious son, whose early efforts, 
sage counsels, and persevering labors 
contributed largely towards 
establishing his country's independence 
and shaping the future destiny 
of his native state. 

Over this is a laurel wreath and a shield, both in relief. 
On the left side was inscribed — 

HON. IVEESHECH WEAEE. 
Born in Hampton Falls Jan. 16, 1713; 
Graduated at Harvard College, 1735; 
Speaker of the House of Eepresentatives, 1752; 
Commissioner to Congress at Albany, 1754; 
Prest. of New Hampshire from 1776-1784; 
At the same time Councilor from Eockingham; 
Chairman of the Committee of Safety; 
Brest, of the Council, 

and 
Chief Justice of the Supreme Court. 
In public service 45 years. 

Died Jan. 14, 1786. 



WEARE MONUMENT. 443 

On the back side was a laurel wreath, in relief, with shield, and 
the following — 

The following were the committee chosen by the state to erect this 

monument : 

George H. Dodge, 
J. Everett Sargent, 
John H. Wiggins. 

The appropriation for the Weare monument was one of the first 
made by the state for anything of the kind. The monument was 
made from Italian marble. Granite would have been better, more 
appropriate and durable. Some who are more nice than wise have 
objected to the inscription, Governor Weare, which they claim 
should have been President Weare. Since the name of the execu- 
tive has been changed to governor, the title Governor Weare has 
come into common use, and every one knows who is meant when 
he is thus spoken of. 

In 1897 the Village Improvement Society, by the efforts of Sen- 
ator Chandler, secured and placed in position four thirty-two-pound 
guns from the United States navy. One of these guns does duty 
at each corner of the enclosure about the monument. 



WAENING OUT. 



By an act passed May, 1719, it was enacted, — 

"That if any person come to sojourn in any town in the province, 
and be there received and entertained by the space of three months, 
and not having been warned by the constable to leave the j)lace, and 
the names of such persons, with the time of their abode there, and 
when such warning was given, returned to the quarter sessions, such 
person shall be reputed an inhabitant of such town, and the town be 
liable to maintain such person. It is also enacted that any person 
so warned out, and neglecting for fourteen days to remove, may by 
warrant from the next justice of the peace, be sent from constable to 
constable into the town where he properly belongs, or had his last 
residence, at his own charge, if able to pay the same, or otherwise, at 
the! charge of the town sending him." 

In the early days the selectmen exercised a watchful care to pre- 
vent persons who came into the parish from becoming town charges. 
If a newcomer was warned ont and notified to leave within a cer- 
tain time after coming into a town, in case they should become poor 
and require assistance, the town was not obliged to assist or sup- 
port them, but they must look for assistance in the place from 
whence they came. A great many notices are recorded upon our 
town books. Some of them appear to have been persons who were 
employed here temporarily. Any stranger who happened to be 
stopping here was liable to a notice of this kind if the powers in 
authority could not see any particular reason for their presence in 
the town. Sometimes people of means were warned out by over- 
zealous officials. We do not understand that the constable had 
any power to cause the persons notified to leave the town, but in 
case of need they were to receive no assistance. The following is 
taken from the invoice book of 1747: 

Oct. 27, 1747, There was a meeting of three of the selectmen, viz., 
Fifield, Weare, & Batchelder, upon a representation that a young lad 
named Francis Ireland was sent by the selectmen of Hampton to live 
with Tobias Lakeman in this Parish. The selectmen went to Mr. 

444 



WARNING OUT. 445 

Lakeman and inquired into the affair, and found it as represented, 
whereupon they ordered said lad to return baclv to Hampton, old par- 
ish, and Mr. Lakeman not to entertain him any longer unless the 
selectmen of said Hampton would give Bond to secure this Parish 
from any trouble or cost on account of said Ireland coming into it. 

Nov. 2d, The selectmen mett all except Mr Collins and the Selectmen 
of Hampton met with them and gave Bond to secure this Parish from 
all cost and trouble on account of the above mentioned Francis Ire- 
land coming to live in it, etc., which Bond is on file. 

Dec. 3d 1747. At a meeting of the Selectmen, Gave an order to the 
Constable to warn Mary Bragdon forthwith to Dei^art out of this 
Parish. The Constable the same Day made Return that he had so 
done. 

Oct. 29tli 1788. Gave a warrant to the constable to warn Charles 
Chase, Rachel his wife, John Leach, Betty his wife and child, Ensley 
Page, Molly his wife & two children, also Joseph Page & M0II3- his 
wife to Depart this Place. 

iSTotices of this kind are recorded nearly every year until about 
1800, when by some change in the law, or something else in relation 
to pauper settlements, this practice came to an end. 

The poor were treated with great kindness and consideration.. 

Ap. IStti 1771. At a meeting of the Selectmen to sel to the Lowest. 
Bidder, John Tredwell & Abigail Crosby, John Tredwell Bid off by 
Benj. Leavitt, to keep for one year from the 20tii instant, as has been 
usual for him to be kept, and taken care of in years past for the sum 
of £3 7s. Lawful. 

Abigail Crosby Bid off by Nathan Rowe for 10 shillings lawful money. 

Pain Row agreed to take John Tredwell for the same that Benja- 
Leavitt was to keep him for. Benjamin Leavitt agreed to take Abigail 
Crosby for the same that Nathan Row was to keep her for. 



29 



TEE EASTERN STAGE COMPANY. 



Feom the earliest settlement of the country until the present 
time the road leading from Xewburyport to Portsmouth, passing 
through Hampton Falls, and known as the "countr}- road," has been 
an important and much used thoroughfare. Many distinguished 
persons have passed over it. December 13, 1774, Paul Revere made 
his historic ride, riding from Boston to Portsmouth to inform 
the committee of safety of the British order that no military stores 
should be exported to America. The reception of this news caused 
Maj. John Langdon and John Sullivan to secure and remove the 
stores in Fort William and Mary at Newcastle. The ammunition 
thus obtained did good service to the colonists at the battle of 
Bunker Hill. 

President Washington rode over this road in his carriage from 
Newburyport to Portsmouth October 31, 1789. James Monroe, 
president of the United States, passed over this road on his north- 
'crn visit June, 1817. The Marquis Lafayette went over this 
road in passing from Xewburyport to Portsmouth September 1, 
1824. He did not pass over what is now known as the Lafayette 
Toad, or stop at the Lafayette house in ISTorth Hampton, as many 
have been led to suppose, as neither were in existence until after 
that time. Gen. Winfield Scott passed over this road in the spring 
of 1839, and paused for a time at the tavern in Hampton Falls. He 
was on his way to Maine to effect, if possible, some settlement of 
what was known as the "Aroostook war," which was a dispute over 
the boundary line between this country and New Brunswick, which 
was afterward adjusted by the treaty of 1843. 

Previous to 1761, when the first stage began to ran, the United 
States mail was carried from Portsmouth to Boston on horseback, 
and later, when carried by stage, it took five days to make the round 
trip, owing to the poor condition of the roads. Probably the peo- 
ple living along the line did not then receive and read regularly the 
Boston morning papers. 

446 



THE EASTERN STAGE COMPANY. 447 

The first stage ever run in America, as it is supposed, began its 
regular trips from Portsmouth, passing over our country road, to 
Boston, April 20, 1761. It was a curricle and span of horses with 
roomj for three passengers. It made Ipswich the first day, and 
reached Charlestown ferry the second. It left on its return Thurs- 
day morning, and reached Portsmouth on Friday evening. The 
fare from Portsmouth to Boston was thirteen shilli-ngs, six pence, 
sterling, which was equivalent to three dollars in federal money. 
John Stavers was proprietor. The advent of the stage coach was 
considered a great event. The mail was carried by this stage. 
The driver was found to be carrying many letters privately, from 
which he received considerable revenue, at the expense of his em- 
ployer. To correct this the driver was taken into partnership. 

In the earliest days the stages came into Hampton Falls through 
the "old mill road/' having forded the river below the mill, passing 
up to the Exeter road, and then down to Hampton Falls hill. At 
that time there was not much of a road between this town and 
Hampton, where the turnpike was afterward built. Stages con- 
tinued to run from Portsmouth to Boston, gradually increasing 
their business, until the Eastern Stage Company, a regularly organ- 
ized and incorporated company, acquired the business and con- 
ducted a systematic business of staging from Boston to Portland. 

We do not know when the Eastern Stage Company began to do 
business under that name, but it was probably by 1800 or before. 
It was a strong and vigorous corporation, and run a number of 
coaches daily each way, Aarjdng the number by the amount of busi- 
ness at different seasons of the year. There were two classes of 
coaches, the mail and accommodation. The mail stage ran express, 
and carried through passengers and such as could get on where 
the horses were changed and cause no delay. The fare from Ports- 
mouth to Boston by the mail stage was four dollars. The accom- 
modation stage took up and left passengers anywhere along the 
road. The fare by the accommodation was three dollars from 
Portsmouth to Boston. It was two dollars and a half from Hamp- 
ton Falls to Boston. 

The running time from Portsmouth to Newburyport was three 
hours ; from there to Boston five hours. The mail stage, by having 
less delay, was enabled to shorten the time somewhat. The New- 
buryport turnpike, which was an extension of State street in a 
straight line to Salem, was commenced in 1803, and completed in 
1808. This was one of the most thoroughly built roads in the 



448 HISTORY OF HAMPTON FALLS. 

coimtry. Over this, when completed, the Eastern Stage Company 
did its business. The coaches stopped at Topsfield to allow the 
passengers to take di-nner. 

There was considerable competition between this company and 
the one known as the "upper route" through Dover and Exeter. 
That was known as the Xorthem and Eastern Company. The 
Eastern Stage Company ran its coaches to Dover, passing through 
Greenland and Newington, over the Piscataqua bridge. As an m- 
ducement to passengers to patronize the lower route, they were 
given a dinner at Topsfield and warrant