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The History of Lyndeborough 
New Hampshire 


ID if: J"} 90^^17 


Town of Lyndeborough 










H. W. Whittbmork k Co. 



I/- 1 


Granted by the Province of Massachusetts as 


Chartered by the Masonian Proprietors as 


Chartered by the Province of New Hampshire as the 

Benning Wentworth, Governor 


It is said that many years ago some of our most gifted and in- 
telligent citizens felt that the history of L,yndeborough ought to 
be written while aged men and women were still living whose 
recollection reached back to the later days of many of the pio- 
neers. Had it been commenced then, doubtless many things of 
great interest would have been preserved for us which are now 
either entirely lost, or shrouded in impenetrable haze. The rea- 
sons which then prevented are not now clearly manifest. But 
the thing was not done, and the years rolled on and carried 
away the fathers and mothers, revered repositories of facts and 
traditions which would undoubtedly have both enlivened and 
enriched the pages of our present volume. 

The interest in having a history was, however, revived in the 
March meeting of 1889. The town then voted to celebrate its 
One Hundred and Fiftieth Anniversary, and on the same day, 
also, voted to appropriate two hundred dollars towards prepar- 
ing and publishing its history. Messrs. D. C. Grant, J. H. 
Goodrich, J. A. Woodward, I,. Cram, and E. C. Curtis were 
chosen as the History Committee. The next year three hun- 
dred dollars were added to the former appropriation ; and a year 
later, on motion of Hon. B. G. Herrick, the town instructed its 
committee " to proceed with the work as fast as consistent with 
getting up a good history." Thus an earnest interest in obtain- 
ing a history became manifest. 

About that time, Rev. Frank G. Clark published his " His- 
torical Address," prepared for the 150th anniversary. It was 
entitled " Salem-Canada-I,yndeborough, " and almost deserved 
to be called a " history in miniature." This he kindly and 
generously permitted to be freely used as an aid in compiling 
the more extended work ; and for the very valuable aid thus ex- 
tended the compilers unite in expressing to him most hearty and 
unfeigned thanks. Readers will learn from the frequent citation 
from this address as authorit}^ how much they are indebted to 
Rev. F. G. Clark. 

The committee for several years reported very little progress. 
Meantime, two of its members, Messrs. Woodward and Curtis, 


declined to serve. The former had already collected many 
genealogical records which remained in his care during this in- 
active period, and served at a later day to forward the work. 
Very many and valuable facts had been collected by Mr. Good- 
rich, but were in a detached form awaiting combination to ex- 
hibit their utility and real worth. Mr, Grant's collection was of 
a miscellaneous, and, perhaps, necessarily, of an unclassified 
nature, and very much of it was difficult to decipher. The col- 
lections thus made were reported by the chairman as about all 
that were needed for the publication of the history. 

Upon learning this Hon. B. G. Herrick moved that the resi- 
dent pastors. Rev. O. E. Hardy and Rev. D. Donovan, be added 
to the History Committee, to assist in arranging the materials 
and preparing them for the press, and the town so voted. The 
committee thus constituted had held but one session when Rev. 
Mr. Hardy resigned his pastorate and removed from town, in 
1899. Early, also, in the year 1900, our Chairman, D. C. Grant, 
was removed from us by death. The vacancies thus made were 
filled by electing Mr. Andy Holt as chairman, and Rev. A. M. 
Rockwood, the new pastor, in place of Mr. Hardy. After a few 
months, however, Mr. Rockwood declined to serve, and Mr. 
Jacob A. Woodward was again elected a member of the History 
Committee, which then consisted of Messrs. Andy Holt, Chair- 
man, J. H. Goodrich, Clerk, Luther Cram, Rev. D. Donovan 
and J. A. Woodward. The two members last named seemed to 
be selected to shape the work, while the others agreed to render 
every assistance which they could. And it may here be stated 
that unusual harmony and even kindly feelings have governed 
their action in labors which, however pleasant in themselves, 
have at times been very perplexing and exacting. 

The committee thus constituted commenced the process of in- 
specting, classifying and combining materials, collecting new 
and collating both new and old matter, and composing the whole 
into narrative form somewhat approaching unity. The task was 
undertaken without undue presumption, and has been as faith- 
fully prosecuted as circumstances seemed to permit ; and it is 
hardly necessary to state that its completion, so long delayed, is 
viewed by them with emotions of grateful relief. Our cordial 
sympathies are tendered to our generous fellow-citizens who 
have unstintingly voted their money for and earnestly desired to 
see the finished book. We trust that, all in all, it will not 
utterly disappoint their hopes. 


Justice and gratitude alike demand appreciative recognition 
and mention of our friends and helpers. Among the very help- 
ful volumes consulted are the Province Records and State 
Papers, edited by Bouton, Hammond and Batchellor, to which 
we add the Histories of Exeter, Weare, Hancock, Peterbor- 
ough. Antrim, Francestown, New Boston, Amherst, Milford, 
Wilton, Mason, Temple, Rindge and possibly a few others. 
We are indebted, also, to our State Library and to our Hon. 
Secretary of State, Edward N. Pearson, as well as to our 
Registrar of Deeds, Col. Dana W. King, for courteous as- 
sistance and permission to consult the archives of our county 
which are in their custody ; and it is presumed that some of the 
old deeds and conveyances will possess a measure of interest for 
present readers who may, perchance, occupy some of the tracts 
there described. We extend sincere and hearty thanks to Maj. 
D. E. Proctor, Trustee, and Miss Mary E. Abbott, lyibrarian of 
Wilton Public Library for free use and consultation of the vol- 
umes of that institution, and to Miss Doane, Librarian of Mil- 
ford Public Library for similar courtesy. The Historic Genea- 
logical Society's Library in Boston afforded us valued assistance 
respecting Benjamin Lynde, Jr., Esq., and his heirs, who at one 
time owned a large portion of our town ; the portrait of him which 
forms our frontispiece was obtained from a painting in possession 
of Mrs. Oliver of Boston who kindly permitted it to be copied 
for this history, and whose late husband, Dr. F. E. Oliver, was a 
great-grandson of Benjamin Lynde, Jr. 

The Committee regards it as a piece of good fortune that Mr. 
H. W. Whittemore had charge of printing the book. Mr. 
Whittemore is a son of Lyndeborough and shares in the inter- 
ests and traditions of some of her old, substantial families. He 
has taken great pains with the work and has rendered effective 
and interested assistance in every department of it. 

The illustrations in Part I. were furnished chiefly by home 
talent, some by Mr. E. D. Putnam, now of Antrim, some by Mr. 
John P. Proctor of North Lyndeborough, and a few from other 

Finally, we tender sincere and grateful acknowledgments and 
thanks to all our neighbors and friends who generously en- 
trusted us not only w'ith printed volumes, but also with private 
documents to aid in our investigations. Nor would we forget 
the uniform patience and kindness of our more aged fellow-citi- 
zens in our almost inquisitorial quizzing at times. They have 


truly merited our gratitude and esteem. And though our book 
may omit some facts which both we and its readers may wish 
had been recorded and include others which might have been 
omitted with little injury, this very condition may serve to ex- 
plain partly, at least, our earnest quest to obtain the best possi- 
ble matters to put on record. 

We now commit our history to the considerate judgment of 
all our citizens and friends, confidently trusting that it will in 
no wise diminish their affection and esteem for the old Town of 

South I^yndeborough, Jan. i8, 1906. 




I. Summary View 1-7 

II. The Indians • 8-12 

III. The Canada Expedition of 1690 ' 13-20 

I. Assumptions of Massachusetts. Extracts from Jour- 
nal of her Legislature 21-30 

II. Salem-Canada Sawmills, Roads, and Meetinghouse . 31-39 

III. Sale of Mason's Estates 40-56 

IV. Lyndeborough under the Charter of the Masonian 

Proprietors 57-ioi 

V. Physical Features of Lyndeborough : Flora, Geology, 

Topography, Ponds, Streams, etc 102-131 

VI. Lyndeborough under Provincial Charter 132-150 

VII. Lyndeborough in the Revolutionary War 151-206 

VIII. The Militia 207-227 

IX. The War of 1812 and the Mexican War 228-231 

X. Lyndeborough in the Civil War 232-242 

XI. Lyndeborough' s Contributions to Other Towns . . . 243-256 

XII. Town Officers, Collectors of Taxes, etc 257-275 

XIII. Ecclesiastical Matters 276-321 

XIV. Ecclesiastical Matters (continued) 322-336 

XV. History of the Baptist Church and Other Religious 

Interests 337-353 

XVI. Public Schools and Teachers 354-380 

XVII. Libraries : Social, Franklin, South Lyndeborough 

Circulating, and the Public Library 381-388 

XVIII. Lyceums 389-394 

XIX. Local Organizations : The " Scataquog " Silver Mine ; 
Lyndeborough Mutual Fire Insurance Co. ; and 
Grand Army of the Republic. (For Auxiliaries, 
W. R. C. and S, of V. see Appendix) ....... 395-400 

XX. Pinnacle Grange 401-407 

XXI. Stores and Merchants 408-414 

XXII. Taverns and Temperance. — Tavern Keepers. — Tem- 
perance Influences 415-421 

XXIII. Mails, Post-Routes and Stages 422-427 

XXIV. Roads and Bridges 428-438 

XXV. Public Buildings : Halls and Schoolhouses 439-450 

XXVI. Mills and Other Industries 451-462 

XXVII. The " Olden Time " in Lyndeborough 463-481 

XXVIII. Old Deeds 482-489 




XXIX. Old Cellar Holes and Building Sites 490-497 

XXX. Cemeteries 498-502 

XXXI. Owners and Transfers of Real Estate 503-540 

XXXII. Town Fairs and Celebrations : Agricultural ; 150th 
Anniversary ; Dr. Herrick's Poem ; Centennial of 
Lafayette Artillery Co 541-578 

XXXIII. Biographical Sketches 579-619 

XXXIV. Professional Men : Ministers, Physicians ; Trades- 

men ; Authors and College Graduates 620-625 

XXXV. Miscellaneous Items : People, as to Race; Census of 
1767; Salt and Molasses; The Smallpox in 1794 
and a Poem ; Smallpox in 1853 ^^^ Spotted Fever ; 
The Extension of the Wilton or Peterborough R.R. 
to Greenfield; Fires, Accidents, and Incidents . . 626-637 
XXXVI. Mortuary Record since 1861 638-645 


Preface to Genealogies 649-650 

Genealogies 651-904 

Appendix 905-907 

Index 909-932 

Errata 933 

List of Illustrations. 

Benjamin Lynde, Jr Frontispiece 

North Side of Pinnacle 9 

Map of Salem-Canada and Lyndeborough 21 

Winn Mountain 31 

Lenticular Hills at North Lyndeborough 104 

Pinnacle from Stephenson's Hill 107 

Badger Pond 11 1 

Senter's Falls 113 

Mountain View 151 

Soldier's Monument 233 

View from Walker's Hill 243 

Congregational Church 277 

Rev. E. B. Claggett 301 

Baptist Church 337 

Lyndeborough Centre 409 

South Lyndeborough 411 

Town Hall 439 

Citizens' Hall 441 

View from Luther Cram's House 595 

Jacob A. Woodward 649 

Rodney C. Boutwell 665 

Nancy J. Boutwell 666 

Dr. Henry W. Boutwell 668 

Roland H. Boutwell 671 

RoswELL m. Boutwell 672 

Peter Clark 697 

Benjamin J. Clark 699 

William H. Clark 700 

Rev. B. F. Clark 703 

Rev. F. G. Clark 707 

Cram Coat of Arms 710 

Luther Cram 715 

Eli C. Curtis 727 

W. W. Curtis 728 

Rev. D. Donovan 733 

John C. Goodrich 749 

John H. Goodrich 751 

John R, Goodrich 752 

Grant Brothers 754 

Dr. Israel Herrick 7^5 

Benjamin G. Herrick 769 

JoTHAM Hildreth 771 

Gen. Alfred Holt 775 

Andy Holt 77^ 


Dr. W. a. Jones 789 

William Jones 790 

Residence of G, W. Parker 815 

G. W. Parker 816 

Charles I,. Perham * 820 

Maj. David E. Proctor 825 

David Putnam 830 

Nathan Richardson 841 

George Rose 845 

Franklin Senter 850 

Edward Paige Spalding 856 

Dr. Henry E. Spalding 858 

Joel H. Tarbell 867 

Charles F. Tarbell 868 

JosiAH Wheeler 877 

Daniel B. Whittemore 883 

William L. Whittemore 885 

Mehitable Trask Woodward 897 

George T. Woodward 8q8 


General Introduction. 


Summary View. 
The town of Lyndeborough is one of the chartered political 
divisions of the State of New Hampshire. The territory of 
which it is a part, was granted by the King of England to the 
Plymouth Company, or as it was more commonly called, the 
Council of Plymouth, in the year 1620; granted again in 1622 
by the same king, James I., to Sir Ferdinando Gorges and Cap- 
tain John Mason ; and further, granted to Captain John Mason 
in 1629, by the Council of Plymouth. But quite a portion of 
this territory at a later day was granted by the Colony of Mas- 
sachusetts to the soldiers of the Canada Expedition of 1690 and 
to their heirs, in consideration of their services. This land was 
again re-granted by the Masonian proprietors, and was finally 
granted incorporation as a town by the Charter of the Royal 
Governor, Benning Wentworth. Thus our territory has passed 
through several hands. 

Question I NGvS. 

Some perplexing questions must naturally occur to our 
thoughtful citizens, in consequence of the statements above 
made; such as: "Why is our town called Lyndeborough?" 
" Why was any former name changed to this? " " How came 
our State to be called New Hampshire ? " "What right had the 
Colony or Province of Massachusetts to make grants of land in 
New Hampshire? " " How has our territory been from time to 
time governed and protected?" 

Now, it will not be denied that our citizens could cultivate 
their soil just as well, at least so far as the manual labor is 
concerned, without as with, the ability to answer readily such 
questions. But it surely would neither unnerve their arms 
nor dwarf their intellects to know how to answer them in a 


proper and correct manner. And, furthermore, conscious of 
possessing a correct knowledge of their true history, they would 
feel that they are resting on ground well nigh as firm as the 
enduring granite of their native hills. 

General Survey. 

To this end a hasty glance at the relation of New Hampshire 
to other colonies and movements in this new world will not at 
the outset be amiss. Let it be distinctly borne in mind, that 
after the discovery of America by Columbus in 1492, more than 
a century intervened before a single European colony had been 
planted on this continent north of Florida. There was voyaging 
to and fro, and trafiSc in various commodities, and explorations 
of the coast by both public and private enterprise. But not a 
permanent settlement was planted, not a firm foothold was 
gained on these shores during all the years of the sixteenth 
centur>\ The honor of the first colony on American soil north 
of Florida belongs to France. Port Royal, now Annapolis, 
Nova Scotia, founded by the French, in 1604, heads the list, in 
regard to age. Next in order of time came Jamestown, Vir- 
ginia, in 1607. Then came the Dutch colonies of New Nether- 
lands in 16 14 ; the Plymouth, or Old Colon}- of Massachusetts, 
in 1620 ; and the Piscataqua settlements at Dover and Ports- 
mouth in 1623 ; while the colony of Massachusetts Bay, includ- 
ing Salem, 1628, Charlestown, 1629, and Boston, 1630, followed 
in order. At an early day, the two Massachusetts colonies 
united, forming one Province, under one Governor, taking the 
name of the more populous and powerful plantation, Massa- 
chusetts. This came speedily forward as the most prosperous 
and influential of the New England colonies. 


I . The first charter having a direct bearing on our State history 
was that granted by King James the First to "Sir Ferdinando 
Gorges, Knight," and called by the king, "Captain of our fort 
and island of Plymouth." This grant was made to him as the 
President of the Council of Plymouth and included "all that 
circuit etc., in America from forty degrees north latitude to 
forty-eight degrees, and by the breadth aforesaid, from sea to 
sea, with all seas, riv^ers, islands, etc.," : "And the same shall 
be called by the name of New England in America."* 

* Bouton, Prov. Papers I, p. 3 ; Bouton, I., p. 5. 


This grant bore date of November 3, 1620, and was conse- 
quently issued before the landing of the Pilgrims at Plymouth. 
It promised a new charter, for better assurance; and the council 
was to be favored in all constructions, and aided by all officers.* 

2. The second charter, dated Aug. 10,. 1622, was issued to 
" Sir Ferdinando Gorges of lyondon, Knight, and Captain John 
Mason of London, Esquire," by the Council of Plymouth. This 
assigned " to them, their heirs and assignes, all that part of the 
main land in New England lying upon the sea-coast betwixt y* 
rivers of Merrimack and Sagadahock, and to the furthest heads 
of the said rivers, and soe forwards up into the land westward 
until three-score miles be finished from y*^ first entrance of the 
aforesaid rivers, and half way over" ; which they, the grantees, 
" intend to name The Province of Maine." In the same year, 
according to Palfre5^t "the Council granted to Gorges and 
Mason the country bounded by the Merrimack, the Kenne- 
bec, the ocean, and the river of Canada, and this territory they 
called Laconia." A like statement is also made by the Maine 
historian, Williamson, and by Belknap. + 

3. The charter of Massachusetts gave to Sir Henry Roswell 
and others, under date of March 19, 1627-8, a title to " all that 
part of New England which lies and extends between a great 
river there commonly called the Merrimack, and a certain other 
river there called Charles River," and also all those lands 
" lying within the space of three English miles on the south 
part of Charles River" ; and also, "all those lands which 
lie and be within the space of three English miles to the north- 
ward of the said river called Merrimack, or to the northward of 
any and every part thereof." The last statement of this grant 
is especially important to remember, for it gives the boundary 
line between Massachusetts and New Hampshire, a line which 
in later days caused long and acrimonious disputes. 

4. The grant which most intimately concerns us as citizens is 
that made to Captain John Mason by the Council of Plymouth, 
bearing date of Nov. 7, 1629. It confirms to him, "his heirs 
and assigns, all that part of the mainland in New England lying 
upon the sea-coast, beginning from the middle part of Merri- 
mack River, and from thence to proceed northwards along the 
sea-coast to Piscataqua River, and so forwards up within the 
said river and to the furthest head thereof, and from thence 
northwestward until three-score miles be finished from the 

*P. p. I., p. 9. tN. E-, 397 ; also 202. {N. H., p. 4. 


first entrance of Piscataqua River ; also from Merrimack 
through the said river and to the furthest head thereof, and so 
forwards up into the lands westwards, until three-score miles be 
finished." Thus Mason's charter, issued at least a year later 
than that of Massachusetts, made his territory a distinct, sepa- 
rate colony. The lands specified were beyond the bounds of the 
Bay colony, and were never properly subject to her dictation. 
The tract thus bounded was called New Hampshire. 

5. Other grants of greater or less importance were issued 
which may be studied at one's leisure. Such were those to 
John Wheelwright of Exeter ; to Edward Hilton of Dover ; and 
to Gorges and Mason and their associates of Portsmouth. But 
the connection between these and our town history is more re- 
mote, and hence we pass these with a mere mention of them. 

Territory Divided. 

" Near the close of the year," (1631), says the historian 
Whiton,* " Mason and Gorges by mutual agreement divided 
Laconia into two parts." Gorges took the tract b'ing east of 
the Piscataqua, and called it Maine; while that lying between 
the Piscataqua and the Merrimack, "was confirmed to Mason 
by a new patent, and called New Hampshire, after the 
County of Hampshire, in England, the place of his residence." 

For several years Mason, his associates, and those whom they 
employed, managed the settlements. But these grew "very 
slowly and yielded their owners much trouble, but very little 
gain. Mason himself lived but a few years to enjoy his new 
possessions. He died in 1635, having expended large sums 
in improvements from which he never realized any adequate 
returns. "His name," says the historian Whiton, "merits the 
grateful remembrance of future generations, as the Father 
OF New Hampshire, "t " His personal property in New Eng- 
land," says another writer, "seems to have been appropri- 
ated by his former servants and agents, with what justice it is 
unnecessary to inquire. " + 


About that time there was great religious agitation in the 
neighboring colony of Massachusetts. The peace of the Boston 
hierarchy had been disturbed by a man, who, according to Cot- 

• Whilon, p. 10. t Whiton, p. 13. J McCUntock, p. 39. 


ton Mather,* " had a windmill in his head." This was because 
he taught that " there ought to be fair dealing with the Indians, 
that the civil magistrate had no right to interfere in religious 
matters, and that in such matters there should be complete soul- 
freedom." They banished him from the colony ; but deferred 
execution on account of his ill health. They purposed and pre- 
pared to send him back to England, but he eluded their vigi- 
lance, fled southwards through the wilderness to hospitable sav- 
ages, and afterwards became the founder of the first government 
on earth to grant its citizens complete religious freedom, — Roger 
Williams of Rhode Island. But he was not the only troubler of 
their camp. Mrs. Anne Hutchinson was becoming very popu- 
lar in Boston about that time, and her brother-in-law. Rev. John 
Wheelwright, a college mate of Oliver Cromwell, was in Brain- 
tree, near by, and in sympathy with her. The Boston authori- 
ties banished both. Then there was also Captain John Under- 
bill, who had trained their militia, and led a detachment of their 
forces in exterminating the ferocious Pequods ; he, also, sympa- 
thized with Wheelwright, and for this reason was deposed 
from his captaincy and banished from the colony. 

An Episcopal minister also who had been persecuted in Eng- 
land for imbibing dissenting views, one Hansard Knoll3^s, came 
into the colony in 1638, and was grievously suspected of antinom- 
ianism.t Forbidden to remain, he departed from Boston before 
his time limit expired, and went away with two strangers from 
Piscataqua, who invited him to accompany them to their home. 
He and Captain Underbill reached Dover near the same time, 
while John Wheelwright found a home at Exeter. Mrs. Hutch- 
inson with many of her friends went to Rhode Island and shared 
the hospitality of Roger Williams, But afterwards when Massa- 
chusetts was striving to get jurisdiction over Williams' territory, 
she fled to the Dutch colonies, where, at a later da}'-, she and all 
her household perished by the hands of the savages. + 

These cases have received more attention, because they illus- 
trate the claims which Massachusetts made to jurisdiction over 
the places in which those outlawed exiles found homes. 

P1.0TTING AND Scheming. 
Mr. Knoll5'S became pastor in what afterwards was called 
Dover. In 1636, Governor Winthrop of Massachusetts " wrote 
to Dover that if the latter dared to receive any persons that had 

* Elton's WiUiams, pp. 1 16-120. t Backus I, p. S2. 

X Backus I, p. 375 ; EUon's Williams p. 160. 


been cast out from the Bay, it would be taken ill," and threaten- 
ing them, that if such exiles were received, "they should 
survey their utmost limits and make use of them." * This they 
had evidently been doing for several years. It was not the 
work of one year or of one person. For, in 1632,! Captain 
Wiggin went to Kngland and formed a company of " honest 
■men," according to Winthrop, and with their aid purchased the 
entire Hilton Patent for £2,1^0. The purchasers were all 
Puritans and friends to Massachusetts, who had been "writ 
unto by the Governor and Magistrate of Massachusetts, who 
encouraged them to purchase the said lands, in respect they 
feared some ill neighborhood from them."+ Immediate steps 
were taken after the purchase to submit the territory to Massa- 
chusetts jurisdiction. One of Wiggin's people had stabbed 
another, and he requested that the culprit ' ' might be tried in 
the Bay, if the party died." " The Governor answered, that 
if the Pascataqua lay within their limits (as it was supposed) 
they would try him."§ Another offer of a like nature was 
made the following winter, but the authorities after conferring 
on the matter, " did not," as Winthrop wrote, " think fit to try 
them here." So the scheme to turn over the colony to Massa- 
chu.setts dragged. Intense hostility to the design sprang up 
among the original planters of Hilton's Point, who occupied 
the soil, and the salesman proved unable to deliver the goods. 
But internal strife arose. Mr. I^arkham, the Episcopal minis- 
ter, and Mr. Knollys quarrelled, and Captain John Underhill 
sided with the latter. There was a resort to arms. Hard 
words were plentifully hurled, but there was no blood shed, 
lyarkham sought help from Strawberry Bank, whose Governor 
came with an armed posse, and "beset Mr. Knollys' house, 
where Captain Underhill was, kept a guard upon him night 
and day till they could call a court," at which the Governor 
.sat as judge. II Underhill and his company were found guilty 
of riot, heavily fined, and he and some others were ordered out 
of the plantation. The Larkham party triumphed, as wishing 
to maintain their independence. Underhill, though at first 
reckoned as opposed to Massachusetts, was at last discovered to 
be plotting in her favor ; and when ordered out of Dover, re- 
turned to Massachusetts, made a confession, and had his sen- 
tence of banishment revoked, andw^as restored to favor. Possi- 

*N. H. State Papers by BatcheHor, Town Charters, II, 684; also Winthrop I, 276. 
tProv. Ps. I, p. 157. §'rown Charters 11,682. 

J Town Charters II, 682. || Town Charters II, 684. 


bly, a reward for political service. But broils and dissensions 
continued among the inhabitants of Pascataqua, until in 1640, 
"Massachusetts saw her long awaited opportunity to spread 
her jurisdiction " over the territory. But even then it was 
necessary to resort to some manoeuvering to effect the end. 
Accordingly, " the famous Hugh Peters, with two others, were 
sent "to understand the minds of the people, to reconcile some 
differences between them, and to prepare them."* He spent 
considerable time among them, and on his return reported to 
Governor Winthrop, "The Piscataqua people are ripe for our 
Government." " They grone for Government and Gospel all 
over that side of the country. Alas! poore bleeding souls. "t 
There were then four distinct governments or " Combina- 
tions " within the limits of New Hampshire. These were 
Portsmouth, Kitterj', Dover and Exeter. § A majority of 
these "poore bleeding souls," made overtures for union which 
were, of course, very favorably received by the General Court 
of Massachusetts ; and in 1641, the bonds were sealed and the 
union consummated, on conditions entirely satisfactory to the 
New Hampshire applicants. The union thus formed was not 
destitute of advantages, and lasted thirty-eight years, or from 
1641 to 1679. 

*2 Winthrop 3S. Town Charters II., 685; McClintock, p. 47, J. S. Jenness cited 
t Fourth Series Mass. Hist. Coll. 6, loS. § P. P. I., p 155. n. 


The Indians. 

1. The last date mentioned, 1679, carries us a few years 
past the close of the great Indian War, called the Narra- 
gansett, or King Phillip's war. Up to that time, to the credit 
of New Hampshire, be it said that her relations with the 
Indians had been of a most commendably honorable and friendly 

The tribes within and on the borders of the State were the 
Pequakets on the east and along the Saco River, the Ossipees 
around the Ossipee and Winnipesaukee lakes, and most im- 
portant and powerful of all, the Penacooks, who had their head- 
quarters from Concord down the Merrimac to Lowell. The 
chief of this latter tribe was Passaconaway, whose influence 
surpassed that of all others of his kindred and associates. To 
the end of his days, he lived on terms of unbroken friend- 
ship with his English neighbors, and in his farewell to his 
people is reported to have said, " Hearken to the last words of 
your father and friend. The white men are sons of the morn- 
ing. The Great Spirit is their father. His sun shines bright 
upon them ; never make war with them. Surely as you light 
the fires, the breath of Heaven will turn the flame on you and 
destroy you. Listen to my advice ; it is the last I shall be 
allowed to give you. Remember it and live."* 

So thoroughly did they obey their revered chief that, although 
Philip repeatedly and earnestly sought them as confederates 
and allies, they steadfastly refused to join him, and remained 
strictly and unblamably neutral. For more than fifty years 
from its first settlement, New Hampshire territory suffered no 
calamity from Indian massacres ! Why this exemption ? 

2. But a change finally came, and in the following manner : 
After the close of King Philip's War, the province of Maine 
suffered from some incursions of the Indians. Possibly these 
may have been instigated by refugees from the shattered army 
of Philip. Whether so or not, when rejoicings over their vic- 
tory and over the death of Philip were past, Massachusetts dis- 

♦ History of Hillsborough Co., p. 528. 




patched two companies of her returned soldiers to assist the 
eastern colonists.* They set out from Boston with orders "to 
seize all southern Indians wherever they might be found." 
Having marched to Cocheco, or Dover, they found a large body 
of the red men encamped near the house of Major Waldron, 
commander of the New Hampshire militia, who had just con- 
firmed a peace with them. The Boston men seemed to have 
anticipated the hateful modern notion, that "the only good 
Indian is the dead one," and wished to fall upon and slaughter 
the multitude at once. But to this Waldron would not readily 
consent. He, however, under pressure, as it seemed, did pro- 
pose a sham fight for the next day, to which they agreed ; the 
Indians forming one party, and his own troops with those of 
Kittery and the Boston men the other. ' ' In the midst of their 
fight, the whites suddenly surrounded the whole body of 
Indians, and made them prisoners, almost without exception, 
before the Indians were aware of the intended deception."! 
The Indians had discharged their muskets, were treacherously 
entrapped, disarmed, and divided into two companies. The 
Penacooks and other friendly Indians were set at liberty. But 
the recognized confederates of Philip, fugitives who had sought 
hiding among their friends, and who with them had made peace 
and supposed themselves safe ; these to the number of about 
two hundred, were seized and shipped to Boston for trial. A 
few of them who were counted guilty of murder were executed 
without delay, and the rest were deported to Algeria and sold 
into slavery. There were different opinions and views expressed 
in regard to the transaction. To the Penacooks it was a piece 
of base treachery, most deeply resented and never forgiven. 
But to pious, civilized, and enlightened Massachusetts, it was 
a piece of masterly strategy " highly applauded." It was said 
that Major Waldron felt compelled to this course by Massa- 
chusetts' authority as against his own better judgment, because 
he knew that many of those Indians were true friends of the 
New Hampshire colony. Thus was sown among the Indians 
in New Hampshire the seed from which the frightful massacres 
sprung — surely a baleful harvest. The strategists marched on 
into Maine, and the enemy disappeared from before them. 
They planned a winter campaign to the north country, but 
found no more enemies to entrap ; and after a few unimportant 
skirmishes and the erection of a fort on the Kennebec, the ex- 

* Bouton's Prov. Ps. I, p. 357 ; Prov. Ps. I, 357. 


pedition returned after its toilsome marches over frozen moun- 
tains and pathless snows, without accomplishing anything 
proportioned to their effort. 

But troubles did not end. There was a lull for a few years, 
and then, new fuel was added to the flames.* " Imagining that 
an incursion of Mohawks might terrify the hostile Indians into 
submission, the Government of Massachusetts sent agents into 
their country, who found it easy to persuade them to take up 
arms against their eastern enemies." They appeared in New 
Hampshire, killed some of Waldron's friendly Indian scouts, 
but failed to effect the purpose of those who invited their incur- 
sion. On the contrary, the Penacooks were the more embittered 
against the English, who had in addition to the treacherous 
seizure and sale of their friends, now plotted with their most 
ferocious enemies for their destruction. Consequently, individ- 
uals were frequently killed by parties of the red men who 
seemed continually hovering near the settlements. A short 
lived peace was concluded with them, and the change was 
made in the government by which New Hampshire was consti- 
tuted a royal Province. A general uneasiness, nevertheless, 
prevailed among the people. 

3. Nor were matters improved very much by the change 
made in the government. Sir Edmund Andros became royal 
Governor over the colonies of New York and New England, 
and his administration was very offensive to most honest men. 
He was regarded as tyrannical and rapacious. He was 
appointed Governor by the Duke of York, then King James II. 
and was naturally anxious to ingratiate himself with the King 
as well as to enrich himself by the plunder of those whom he 

4. "The lands from Penobscot to Nova Scotia had been 
ceded to the French by the treaty of Breda, in exchange for the 
island of St. Christopher. On these lands the Baron de St. 
Castine had for many years resided, and carried on a large trade 
with the Indians, with whom he was intimately connected. The 
lands which had been granted by the Crown of England to the 
Duke of York (now King James the Second) interfered with 
Castine's plantation, as the Duke claimed to the river St. Croix. 
A fort had been built by his order at Pemaquid, and a garrison 
stationed there to prevent any intrusion on his property. In 
the spring of 1688, Andros went in the "Rose" frigate and 

♦Whiton, p. 30. 


plundered Castine's house and fort, leaving only the ornaments 
of his chapel to console him for the loss of his arms and goods. 
This base action provoked Castine to excite the Indians to a 
new war."* This was called King William's, or the French 
and Indian war. The Baron Castine had to some extent 
adopted Indian customs and modes of life ; had married the 
daughter of one of the most powerful of the Indian chiefs ; had 
taught the Indians military tactics and the use of firearms, and 
had obtained an immense influence over them. Resenting in- 
tensely the injuries done him, he aroused the Indians of Maine, 
and even those of Canada to join the French in hostilities 
against the English. Some of the tribes had grievances of 
their own, and needed little incitement. Some of those Indians 
also who had been sold into slavery had succeeded in escaping 
and returning to their native wilds, and these kindled the 
deepest possible enmity against those whom they somewhat 
appropriately regarded as their kidnappers. Thus, the eastern 
Province was in a state of ferment. 

5. On the 28tli of June, 1689, the shock came, and came 
first at Dover, the very neighborhood of the " sham fight " of 
thirteen years before. Major Waldron had " sown the wind;" 
he was now destined to " reap the whirlwind." 

The day before the shock, some squaws were permitted to 
lodge in some of the garrison houses, who informed the Major 
that " a number of Indians were coming to trade with him the 
next day." An Indian chief named Mesandowit, whom he 
entertained, said to him at supper, " Brother Waldron, what 
would you do if the strange Indians should come?" He 
answered carelessly, "I could assemble a hundred men by lift- 
ing up my finger." He set no watch, and with his familj' 
retired to rest in fancied security. " In the hours of deepest 
quiet the gates were opened. The Indians, who were waiting 
without, immediately entered, placed a guard at the gate, and 
rushed into the Major's apartment. Awakened by the noise, 
he sprang from his bed, seized a sword and, though over eighty 
years old, drove them through two or three rooms ; but return- 
ing for other arms, they came behind him, stunned him with a 
hatchet, and overpowered him. Drawing him into the hall, 
they then placed him in an elbow-chair on a long table with a 
derisive cry, ' Who shall judge Indians now ? ' They cut the 
Major across the breast with knives, each one with a stroke 

*Prov. Ps. II, 46, 47 ; Farmer's Belknap, p. 124. 


saying, 'I cross out my account.' Cutting off his nose and 
ears, they thrust them into his mouth ; and when he was falling 
down, spent with the loss of blood, one of them held his own 
sword beneath him; he fell upon it, and his sufferings were 

' ' Twenty-three persons fell victims in this bloody tragedy 
and twenty-nine were made prisoners" and carried to Canada, 
where they were sold to the French ; ' ' the first English prison- 
ers," it is said, "ever carried to that country." Sad results 
surely, from the treacherous sham fight, "applauded by the 
voice of the colony " of Massachusetts. 

The next year ' ' the French Governor of Canada entered 
resolutely into the war and furnished the hostile Indians with 
arms and supplies. He offered a bounty for scalps and prison- 
ers. Salmon Falls was attacked in March by a combined 
French and Indian force, and twenty-seven of its brave de- 
fenders were slain, and fifty-two, mostly women and children, 
were carried into captivity."* 

6. But enough of this. The purpose is not to recount horrors, 
of which there were far too many, but to explain facts, as far 
as history offers explanation of them. These events and many 
others of like nature led to the fitting out of the Canada Ex- 
pedition of 1690, so often referred to, and so seldom described, 
even in the histories of those towns which were granted in view 
of services rendered in that ill-fated expedition. Eet it be 
remembered that New Hampshire had no serious trouble with the 
Indians till after its union with Massachusetts, and its trouble 
came largely in consequence of that union. After the severance 
of the two interests, however, the disturbances became so 
frequent and so great, that New Hampshire again in the revo- 
lutionary period of 1689, sought and renewed its union with 
Massachusetts until some satisfactory agreement should put an 
end to the uneasiness. 

•Whitoti, pp. 43, 44; Provincial Papers II, p. 49; McCUntoclc, pp. 111,112, 113. 


The Canada Expedition of 1690, 

I. The French were accounted the chief instigators of Indian 
massacres. It was therefore considered important, if possible, to 
suppress both. In the English revolution of 1689, James the 
Second fled the Kingdom, and William and Mary became the 
sovereigns. The same year a popular uprising in Massachu- 
setts deposed the royal Governor, Andros, from office, made him 
a prisoner, and sent him to England for trial. England and 
Holland declared war against France, and the dependencies of 
these nations naturally acted in full sympathy with them. This 
they faithfully did. ' ' Sir William Phipps,* afterwards governor 
of the province of Massachusetts," and a native of Pemaquid, 
had recently arrived in the country, under his appointment as 
high sheriff for New England ; and as he was an experienced 
seaman, the command of the colonial forces was entrusted to his 
care. The General Court meditated an attack upon Port Royal 
and Quebec. Eight small vessels and seven or eight hundred 
men constituted the armament sent to Port Royal ; and sailing 
from Boston early in the spring, in about two weeks he reached 
his destination ; the fort surrendered with but little resistance, 
yielding plunder sufficient to pay expenses. Sir William took 
possession of the whole sea coast from Port Royal to New Eng- 
land ; and three weeks later he returned to Boston.* 

' ' The success of this enterprise encouraged the prosecution of 
the design upon Canada ; and the expedition was hastened by the 
horrible ravages of the Indians and French upon the frontier 
settlements, and by the desire of the colonists to commend them- 
selves to the favor of the king, from whom they were expecting 
a renewal of their charter." 

Assistance could not be obtained from the mother country, and 
hence Massachusetts " formed an alliance with Connecticut and 
New York," at a " Congress " held in the latter colony, deter- 
mined to proceed on her own responsibility, and, while a land 
army of eight hundred men was to march by Eake Champlain 

*See Mather's Life of Phipps, Sec. lo. N. Y. Col. Doc, III, 720, and IX., 474-475 ; 
Williamson's Me., I, 596 ; Rriefer is Quackenbos. History of U. S., p. 136 (Appleton. 
N. Y., 185) ; See Mather's Life of Phipps, etc., as on preceding page. 


to attack Montreal, her forces, consisting of upwards of thirty 
vessels and about two thousand men, were to fall upon Quebec* 

It was late in the season when this fleet sailed from Nantasket. 
Intelligence of the march of the troops from Connecticut and 
New York had reached Montreal. Dissensions among the 
English paralyzed their strength, and they fell back to Albany. 
Had it not been for this and the delay of Phipps' fleet, the fate 
of Quebec would have been then sealed. This delay enabled 
the French commanders to i)Ut their fortifications into the best 
possible condition of defense. When on the 6th of October, 
1690, they were summoned to surrender, they returned a scorn- 
ful and indignant reply. 

" By noon of October 9 the English assailants were fully sat- 
isfied that the contest was hopeless, and allowed their vessels to 
recede out of reach of the enemy's fire. The rear admiral's flag 
had been shot away, and was seized by a Canadian who swam 
out into the stream and brought it to the castle, and it was after- 
wards hung up many years as a trophy in the church of 
Quebec, "t 

" Utterly discouraged, the assailants withdrew ; andreembark- 
ing in their vessels in the utmost confusion, exposed to the fire 
of the French, and abandoning their guns and the remnant of 
their stores, they prepared to return home, humbled and disap- 
pointed. Nor was the return voyage without damage ; for un- 
acquainted with the passes of the river, nine vessels were 
wrecked among the shoals of the St. Lawrence." + 

The arrival of Sir William at Boston, with the remnant of his 
fleet, spread an unusual gloom over the community. 

Thus the expedition proved a disastrous failure, and the Mas- 
sachusetts soldiers on their return found also a bankrupt 

2. Says Rev. F. G. Clark, " They had no money with which 
to pay the soldiers, and so they resorted to the perilous method 
of issuing bills of credit, or paper money, which very soon 
depreciated in value, and brought untold misery upon the 
people. The first issue of bills was called old tenor ; the second, 
middle tenor, and the third, new tenor ; and all soon became 
depreciated in value, the old tenor more than the others. 
Finally, the mother country took pity on her colony, and sent 
over seventeen cartloads of silver, and ten truck loads of copper 

* Barry II, p. 79. t Barry Hist, of Mass., p. S4. N. Y. Col. Doc, IX, pp. 457, 488. 
\ See Quackenbos School Hist., Kd. 79, p. 97. 


in 1749, to establish specie payments; and one Spanish dollar 
was given for forty-five shillings of paper. This was called 
lawful money, while the specie was called sterling, — making 
five kinds of money. All through the earlier history of the 
town these different currencies are mentioned. Sometimes the 
bills of credit were called proclamation money, but usually old 
tenor, or lawful money."* 

3. Both the survivors of the expedition and their posterity re- 
peatedly petitioned for some adequate remuneration of their ser- 
vice as a means of relief. At last, iu 1735, more than forty 
years after their enlistment, a tract of land equivalent to six 
miles square was granted by the General Court of Massachu- 
setts to Captain Samuel King and fifty-nine others. The 
majority of these were from Salem, and hence the tract granted 
them was first called Salem 'Canada, combining the name of 
their town with that of the expedition. 

4. How did Massachusetts obtain the right to grant lands in 
New Hampshire? "Massachusetts claimed all lands lying 
south and west of the Merrimack River, — claimed that her line 
started three miles north of the mouth of the stream, and run at 
that distance from the stream along its northern and eastern 
bank up to the Pemigewasset, where the river forks, and where 
the town of Franklin now is, and thence due west to the South 
Sea. Her boundary, according to her charter, was to run 
' everwhere ' three miles north of, and parallel to, the Merri- 
mack, to its head, and from a point three miles north of its head 
due west to the South Sea." t 

" New Hampshire maintained that it was impossible to run a 
line ' everwhere ' three miles north of a stream flowing mostly 
southward ; " and, "therefore it ought to be drawn as near as 
possible to what was supposed to be the fact when the charter 
was given, viz., that the river came from the west. She there- 
fore claimed that the line should start from a point three miles 
north of the middle of the stream at its mouth, and run due west 
to the south sea, or to other provinces." + 

Commissioners appointed by both provinces met at Newbury 
in 1 73 1, " disputed and separated," but decided nothing. In 
subsequent years the dispute waxed hot and bitter, until in 
1737 a board of commissioners from Nova Scotia, New York, 
New Jersey and Rhode Island met at Hampton. The legisla- 
tures of the two provinces also met within five miles of each 

•Salem-Canada, p. 7. fPeterboro, Hist., p. 44. JHist. of Peterboro, p. 44- 

16 insrORY OF r.YNDEBOROUnn 

other, one at Hampton and the other at Salisbury. The occa- 
sion was extraordinary, and "the procession, with the governor 
riding in state attended by the great and general court, was an 
imposing spectacle which was burlesqued in Hibernian style, 
thus : * 

" Dear Paddy, you ne'er did behold such a sight 

As yesterday morning was seen before night. 

You in all your born days saw, nor I didn't neither. 

So many fine horses and men ride together. 

At the head, the lower house trotted two in a row, 

Then all the higher house pranced after the low ; 

The governor's coach galloped on like the wind, 

And the last that came foremost was troopers behind 

But I fear it means no good to your neck or mine, 

For they say 'tis to fix a right place for a line." 

But with all this pomp and display the commissioners failed 
to fix the matter. However, while the boundary was thus 
under heated dispute, Massachusetts assumed a very patriotic 
attitude toward the veterans of the fruitless and ill-fated Canada 
Expedition, and the descendantvS of those who perished in it, 
or had died since. For she hastened to make grants to them of 
several townships out of the territory which she so uncon- 
scionably claimed. The towns thus granted were Dunbarton, 
Lyndeborough, New Boston, Richmond, Rindge, Salisbury and 
Weare. Had Massachusetts succeeded in gaining her way, 
very little of Mason's New Hampshire would have escaped her 
grasp. But the eastern and northern boundary of New Hamp- 
shire was fixed by the Commissioners at that time, as it now 
stands. The southern line, however, was referred back to the 
king for decision. "In 1740," says Dr. Smith, "the king in 
council confirmed the northern boundary as fixed by the com- 
missioners, and decided that the southern boundary should run 
three miles north of and parallel to the Merrimack, to a point 
north of Pawtucket Falls when the river turns north, and from 
that point should run due west. They decided to execute the 
charter, so far as it could be executed, by following the north 
bank of the river ; and when the river turned so as to have no 
north bank, they took a straight line. ' Had the river turned 
to the south,' they said, 'instead of the north, Massachusetts 
would have justly complained of a loss of territorj' by foUow- 

•Rev. P. G. Clark, Salem-Canada, pp. i6, 17; also Hist, of Weare. 

tSee Batchellor, State Papers, Vol. XXIV., Pref. VI; also History of Weare, p. 44; 
History of Peterboio, pp. 45, 46. 


ing the stream, and the same rule ought to hold now that the 
stream is found to come from the north.' " Now the course of 
the river from Pawtucket Falls, now Lowell, to Newburyport, 
is considerably north of east. In tracing the river up from its 
mouth, therefore, when those Falls are reached, parallells run- 
ning through both that point and Newburyport, will be fourteen 
miles apart at the Falls. This decision of the line, therefore, 
gave "New Hampshire a strip of land fourteen miles wide, 
extending from the Merrimack to the Connecticut (fifty miles), 
and containing twenty-eight townships, more than she had 
ever claimed ! In 1741, the new line was run by New Hamp- 
shire surveyors, Massachusetts refusing to take any part in it." 

Many of the settlers had already begun to establish them- 
selves in their new abodes before the decision of the line. 
They were enjoying ''' placidani sub libertate quieteni," (placid 
rest under freedom's sway) guaranteed by Massachusetts ; and 
just as this sweet experience came to them, to wake up one fine 
morning in " the leafy month of June," 1740, and find that the 
Massachusetts line had receded from them full fourteen miles 
to the south, leaving them among the cold, hj^perborean hills of 
New Hampshire, was a sensation anything but pleasant. They 
suffered an indescribable chill ! 

And Massachusetts S3'mpathized deeply with their deplorable 
condition, and in her kindness to them refused any assistance 
to New Hampshire in running the line. But New Hampshire 
surveyors in 1741 did the work, just a century after the first 
union with Massachusetts ; and the line thus surveyed still 
remains, with very slight change, the southern boundary of 
our State. 

The right by which Massachusetts granted townships in 
New Hampshire to her veterans and their descendants is thus 
indicated. It was a right usurped and unjustifiable from the 
first. Her jurisdiction over New Hampshire had been set aside 
more than sixty years before; but not till 1740 had her terri- 
torial limits been clearly and positively marked and specified. 
But this very sati-sfactory result to the State brought serious 
difficulty to many of the settlers. 

The Masonian Ci^aims 

The settlement of the boundary line between New Hampshire 
and Massachusetts quite unsettled some matters of very grave 
importance. If Massachusetts had made grants of townships 


within New Hampshire territory where she had no legitimate 
right of control, it is very clear that such grants would be 
illegal and void. They were so regarded ; and the rightful 
heirs to the lands so granted began to assert their claims to 

John Mason, the original grantee of New Hampshire, died 
without male issue in 1635. He had but one child, his daugh- 
ter Anne, who married Joseph Tufton and had two sons, 
John and Robert. The oldest son died in childhood and the 
inheritance passed to his brother Robert, who reached man- 
hood in the troublous times of the first Charles, when the 
nation was sorely rent by dissension and civil war. The Mason 
family were royalists and when the iron hand of Cromwell 
dashed royalist hopes and fortunes to shivers, they wisely 
remained inactive and held their claims in abeyance, making 
no assertion of their rights. It was an evil time. Confisca- 
tion and attainder were rife and prudence dictated the policy 
of silence. But after the Restoration Robert Tufton, who had 
assumed the name of Mason in order to secure his title to the 
inheritance, petitioned the King for a recognition of his rights. 
The case was referred to the Attorney General, who reported 
that " Mason had a legal right to New Hampshire." 

For about thirty-seven yeaj-s Massachusetts had been govern- 
ing New Hampshire. By what authority was a natural 
question. She could produce none except the consent of the 
governed, which by skilful manipulation she had been able to 
secure. Commissioners were appointed to investigate and 
determine matters of common and heated dispute. One of 
these commissioners, Edward Randolph, was a relative of 
Mason, who came to act in his interest. He was cordially dis- 
liked by the Massachusetts authorities because he was too 
open-mouthed and told too much truth. His caustic and too 
vividly truthful delineations of the cruelties and usurpations 
practised by that intolerant government were published in 
England, and aroused not only roj^al but also popular indigna- 
tion. As a result a revocation of the charter of Massachusetts 
was threatened and a few years later was actually effected. 

The claim of Mason was regarded as so strong, and was so 
favored by the king, that the next year New Hampshire was 
separated from Massachusetts and constituted into a Royal 
Province with its own independent government. 

But neither the New Hampshire government nor the people, 


as a whole, favored Mason's claims. They were anxious, if 
possible, to evade quit rents and defeat his title to the original 
ownership of the soil. In this they failed. But their hostility 
to his claims was so bitter and effective that his attempts to 
secure any benefit from them were baffled. Members of the 
new government combined with the people to defeat his claims, 
though these had been adjudged by the highest authority in 
the kingdom to be just and legal. 

Robert Mason died in 1688, bequeathing his claims and con- 
troversies to his sons, John and Robert. They soon sold their 
rights to Samuel Allen, a wealthy merchant of London, who 
was afterward commissioned as Royal Governor. But the 
people were as bitterly opposed to him as to Mason, and he 
died without receiving any special advantage from his purchase. 
The law at a later day, decided that Allen's title was techni- 
cally defective. The estate had been entailed, and the decision 
was that its possessor had no power to sell or alienate it 
beyond his own lifetime. Hence, after the death of John 
Tufton Mason his brother Robert held legal title to New 
Hampshire, in opposition to the claims of the heirs of Governor 

In 1743 it was, however, finally decided that Col. John Tuf- 
ton Mason's right was unquestionably valid. After this decis- 
ion he offered his estates for sale to the Provincial Government. 
Action in regard to his offer was dilatory. He urged haste on 
the ground that other parties desired to purchase. The 
government finally came to a decision ; but too late ! On the 
very day that they agreed to accept his offer he had sold his 
lands, in fifteen equal shares, to a syndicate of twelve men in 
Portsmouth, who afterwards managed and controlled them. 
These men were thenceforth known as ' ' The Masonian Pro- 
prietors," or often as "The Lord Proprietors of Mason's 
Claims." Their names and the number of shares which they 
owned will be found in Chapter V of this History. These hav- 
ing purchased Mason's title afterwards compelled the settlers 
to secure from themselves the titles which alone were valid, to 
the lands on which they had planted their homes. Colonel 
Joseph Blanchard of Dunstable became their agent ; and the 
towns which had been previously chartered by the government 
of Massachusetts found their charters annulled by the new 
proprietors, and new titles to their lands must be procured 
from him. These titles or charters were usually issued by the 


proprietors of lands purchased of John Tufton Mason, Esq., 
and were sij:;ncd by their agent, Joseph Blanchard. 

Having thus briefly glanced at several of the steps leading to 
the history of our township, we are now ready to enter intel- 
ligently into its direct record. 

























Salem-Canada and Lyndeborough. 


The Province of Massachusetts laid strenuous claim to a 
large portion of New Hampshire to which both King and 
Council agreed that she had no just right. A few years later 
the same authority decided that the heirs of John Mason had a 
valid right to all the territory granted to Mason in 1629. 

But Massachusetts had for years been granting townships 
in the very territory included by the bounds of Mason's charter, 
as a reward to soldiers who had served in her wars. Salem- 
Canada was one of the townships thus granted. We now 
present some of the records of the Massachusetts legislature 
bearing on the matter. 

[Mass. House Journal, June 18, 1735.] 

Colonel Chandler from the Committee for Lauds, reported on 
the Petition of Samuel King^ and others, who were in the 
Expedition to Canada in the year 1690, or the descendants of 
such as were lost or are since dead ; which was read and ac- 
cepted, and Voted, 

* That the prayer of the Petition be granted, and that Mr. 
Samuel Chandler and Captain John Hobson, together with such 
as shall be joined by the honorable Board, be a Committee at 
the Charge of the Government, to lay out a Township of the 
contents of six miles square, West of the Narragansett-Tov^n- 
ship. Number Three; and that they return a Plat thereof to 
this Court, within twelve months for Confirmation ; and for the 
effectual bringing forward the Settlement of the said Town ; 

That the said Town be laid out into sixty-three equal shares, 
one of which to be for the first settled Minister, one for the 
Ministry, and one for the School, and that on each of the other 
sixty shares the Petitioners do within three years from the 

*BatcheUor, Vol. XXIV, p. 172. 



Confirmation of the Plan, have settled one good Family, who 
shall have a House built on his Home-Lot of eighteen feet 
square and seven feet stud at the least, that each Right or 
Grant have six acres of I^and brought to and plowed or brought 
to luiglish Grass and fitted for mowing, that they settle a 
learned and orthodox Minister, and build and finish a conven- 
ient Meeting-House for the publick Worship of GOD, pro- 
vided that in case any of the Lots or Rights are not duly 
settled in all regards as aforesaid, then such Lot with the 
Rights thereof to revert to and be at the disposition of the 
Province. Sent up for Concurrence. 

[Mass. Court Records, June 19, 1735.] 

* A Petition of Samuel King and others, who were in the 
Expedition to Canada in the Year 1690 and the Descendants of 
such of them as are dead, praying for a Grant of Land for a 
Township in Consideration of their or their Ancestors Suffer- 
ings in the said Expedition. 

In the House of Represent" Read and Voted that the prayer 
of the petition be Granted and that Mr. Samuel Chandler and 
Mr. John Hobson, together with such as shall be Joined by 
the Hon'''"' Board, be a Com**"^ at the Charge of the Govern- 
ment to lay out a Township of the Contents of Six Miles Square 
and West of the Narragansett Town Called Number three and 
that they Return a Plat thereof to this Court within twelve 
Months for Confirmation ; and for the more Effectual bringing 
forward the Settlement of the said New town. Ordered that the 
said Town be laid out into Sixty-three Equal Shares, One of 
which to be for the first Settled Minister, One for the Ministry, 
and one for the School, and that on each of the other Sixty 
Shares the Petitioners do within three Years from the Confirma- 
tion of the Plan have Settled One Good family who shall have 
a house built oh his Home lott of Eighteen feet Square and 
Seven feet Stud at the least, and finished, that each Right or 
Grant have Six Acres of Land brought to and plowed or 
brought to English Grass and fitted for mowing ; That they 
Settle a learned orthodox Minister and build and finish a Con- 
venient meeting house for the public worship of God ; pro- 
vided that in Case any of the Lotts or Rights are not duly 
Settled in all Regards as aforesaid, then such Lott with the 
Rights thereof to Revert to and be at the Disposition of the 

♦BatcheUor, XXIV, p. 173. 


In Council Read & Concurr'd and vSamuel Welles Esq' is 
Joined in the Affair 

(State Papers New Hampshire, Batchellor, Volume 
XXIV. Town Charters, Vol. I.) 

[Mass. House Journal, June i, 1736.] 
A Plat of the contents of six miles square of lyand with an 
allowance of one thousand and eighteen acres for Waste &c. 
surveyed and laid out by Stephen Hosvter, Jun. Surveyor, and 
two Chain men on Oath, to satisfy a Grant of this Court of the 
1 8th of Ju7ie last, in an.swer to the Petition of Samuel King and 
others, Officers and Soldiers in the Canada Expedition Anno 
1690, and their descendants &c. was presented for allowance. 
Read and Ordered, That the Plat be accepted, and the L,ands 
therein delineated and described be and hereby are confirmed 
to the Officers and Soldiers mentioned in the Petition of the 
said Samuel King, and others, and the heirs legal Repre,senta- 
tives and Descendants of such of them as were lost, or de- 
ceased in or since the Canada Expedition Anno 1690, and to 
their heirs and assigns respectively forever, they compljdng 
with the Conditions of the Grant ; provided the Plat contain no 
more than the quantity of twent3^-four thousand and fifty-eight 
acres of Land, and does not interfere with any former Grant ; 
the said Lands lying West of Salem Narragansett Town num- 
ber Three, on the North of Souheeg River, beginning at a 
Spruce Tree and runs North by the Needle two thousand one 
hundred ninety one Perch on Province Land, and then East on 
Province Land to said Township of Salem, South on the Town- 
ship of John Simpson and others, West on Duxbury School 
Farm.* Sent up for Concurrence. 

Layd out In May 1736 a Township of the Contents of Six 
Miles Square or 23040 acres and 1018 acres allowed for water 
&c. which was Lay'd out to Sam" King and others Canada 
Soldiers In the year 1690 Lying on the west of Salem Narra- 
gansett Town No 3 on the North Side of the Souheeg River 
Bounded as follows Beginning at a Spruse Tree and runs North 
By the Needle 2 191 Perch on Province Land To a hemlock 
Tree marked then Runs East 1558 Pearch on Province Land 
To a Township adjoining To and Lying North of Salem Narra- 
gansett Town No 3 then Runs South on Said Township 640 
perch to Township, granted to John Simpson & others Then 

* BatcheUor, XXIV., p. 174; Ibid, p. 176. 


Runs East on s" Township 402 perch To a stake & Stones 
then runs South 1467 Perch on said Salem Narragansett Town 
then runs west 480 Perch on Duxbury School Farm to a stake 
and heap of Stones then Runs South 13 Perch on Said Farm 
To a popler Tree Marked then Runs west 1460 perch To the 
Spruse Tree First Named on Province L,and all which May 
appear By the plan above Layd Down by a Scale of 216 Pearch 
To an Inch the Swagg of Chain In this Township is 3 perch In 
one Hundred : by order of the Honorable Sam" Welles Esq*^ 
and Mr. Sam" Chandler 

■^ Stephen Hosmer Junr Surveyor 

In the House of Representatives June i, 1736 Read and 
Ordered that the plat be Accepted, and the Lands therein 
delineated and described be and hereby are confirmed to the 
officers and soldiers mentioned in the petition of the said 
Samuel King and others, and the Heirs, legal Representatives 
and Descendants of such of them as are lost or deceased in or 
since the Canada Expedition Anno 1690, and to their Heirs & 
Assigns respectively for ever they complying with the Condi- 
tions of the Grant provided the plat contains no more than the 
quantity of twenty-four thousand & fifty Eight Acres of Land, 
and does not interfere with any former Grant. The said Land 
lying West of Salem Narragansett town Number three on the 
North of Souheeg River beginning at a spruce Tree & runs 
North by the Needle 2 191 perch on province Land, &^then east 
on province Land to Salem Narragansett Township Number 
three South on the township of John Simpson and others, 
West on Duxbury Schoorffarm 

Sent up for Concurrence J. Quincy Spkr 

In Council June 2 1736 Read and Concurred 

J. Willard Sec'ry 
17: Consented to, J. Belcher 

[Mass. Court Records, June 2, 1736] 

A plat of a Township of the Contents of Six Miles Square, 
with the Allowance of One Thousand & Eighteen Acres for 
Water &c. 

Surveyed & Laid out by Stephen Hosmer junr. and Chain- 
men on Oath, to Satisfy a Grant made by this Court in Answer 
to the petition of Samuel King and others ; lying on the West 
of Salem Narragansett Town Number three, on the North side 
of Soheag River ; bounded as follows, beginning at a Spruce 


Tree & Runs North by the Needle Two Thousand One hun- 
dred & Ninety One perch on province Land to a hemlock Tree 
Marked ; then Runs East one Thousand five hundred & fifty 
Eight perch on province Land to a Township Adjoyning to & 
lying North of the said Narragansett Town Number three ; 
then Runs South on said Township Six hundred and forty 
perch to the Township Granted to John Simpson and others, 
then Runs East on said Township four hundred and two perch 
to a Stake & Stones then Runs South One Thousand four 
hundred and Sixty Seven perch on said Narragansett Town, 
then Runs West four hundred & Eighty perch on Duxbury 
School farm to a Stake and heap of Stones ; then Runs South 
thirteen perch on said Farm to a poplar Tree marked ; thence 
Runs West One Thousand four hundred and Sixty perch to 
the Spruce tree first named on province Land.* 


Notice is hereby given to all persons Claiming an Interest 
in y^ Grant of a Township, made by y^ Great and Generall 
Court or assemby to Samuel King & others who were, or are 
Descended from such as were in y*" Expedition to Canada 
Anno 1690, 

That y*' Said Township is Laid out, and y*" Com' pur- 
pose to meet att y*^ House of Mrs. Pratt att Salem, On Wednes- 
day y*" ist Day of Sep" Next att Ten o'clock before noon to 
admit persons according to y** Grant, and take bond for their 
fulfilling the conditions. 

p ord. of y'' Comitte 

Samuel Wells 
Boston July y® 8, 1736. 

The meeting occurred in accordance with the above notice, 
and the list of the persons admitted into the township on the 
first and second days of September, 1736, follows: 

A List of the persons admitted into y Township Granted 
by the General Court to Capt. Samuel King and others on y* 
first & second Days of September anno 1736.! 

Capt. Samuel King on the right of Ensign John King 
Capt. Samuel King on the right of John King's Servant 
Joseph Blauey, Esq'', on the right of Joseph Blaney 
Mr. Joseph Sweat on the right of Joseph Swesh 

•BatcheHor, Vol. XXIV, p. 177. IProprs. Records, p. 4 


Mr. Roger Derby on the right of Charles Derby 
Daniel Rpes Jun' on the right of Wm. Derby 
William King on the right of Capt. Daniel King 
Peter Martin on the right of John Martin 
William Iline on the right of Benj» Norman 
Daniel Epes Jun' on the right of Edward Britton 
Thomas Cloutuian on the right of William Potes 
William Webb on the right of John Smith 
Benj^ Codner on the right of Christ" Codner 
Joseph Halett on the right of Thomas White 
Daniel p;pes Jun' on the right of John Legroe 
]3avid Foster on the right of Jonathan Foster 
Bartholomew Jackson on the right of George Jackson 
John Dodd on the right of John Dodd 
Samuel Osgood on the right of John Walk 
Joseph Hilliard on the right of David Hilliard 
Abell Robinson on the right of William Robinson 
Cornelius Tarbell on the right of Nicholas Ford 
Daniel Epes Esq', on the right of John Boen 
Daniel Epes Esq', on the right of Richard Blanch 
John Gyles Jun' on the right of John Andrews 
Jonathan Peal on the right of George Peal 
Ephraim Ingalls on the right of Samuel Clay 
John Gardner on the right of Michael Coomes 
Isaac Williams on the right of Jon"^ Williams 
Robert Swan on the right of Joel Hunt 
Daniel Epes Jun' on the right of John Pickworth 
Edward Trask on the right of William Trask 
Isaac Knap on the right of Isaac Knap 
Simon Orn on the right of William Norman 
Simon Orn on the right of Archeball Furgason 
Stephen Daniel Jun' on the right of Stephen Daniel 
John Bartell on the right of Thomas Forten 
John Bartell on the right of Robert Bartell 
Benj" Goodhue on the right of Thomas Searl 
Isaac Knap on the right of Jam^ Knap 
Joseph English on the right of Thomas Beadle 
Samuel Swasey on the right of Stephen Swasey 
Joseph Hilliard on the right of Edward Hilliard 
Jonathan Verry on the right of John Verry 
Jonathan Verry on the right of John Archer 
John Procter on the right of Benj'' Procter 
Phillip English on the right of Joshua Hollingsworth 
Benjamin Lynde, Jr. Esq' on the right of Peter Collier 
Capt. Joseph Bowditch on the right of William Bowditch 
Mr. Joseph Hilliard on the right of Richard Petors 
William Tapley on the right of Robert Tapley 
William Tapley on the right of John Tapley 
William Dixey on the right of Samuel Dixey 
Samuel Wells Esq' on the right of John Beal 


Mr. Joseph Clough on the right of Thomas Hendley 
Joseph Lambert on the right of Samuel Lambert 
Thomas Trott on the right of Hilliard Williams 
Joseph Blaney Esq"^ on the right of Nicholas Merrett 

The above is an Exact List of all the proprietors' names who 
are admitted Grantees into the Township lying West of the 
Narragansett Township No. 3. 

Sam" Wells in behalf of y** Com^ 
chosen by y'^ General Court for y*^ purpose. 

In the Mass. House of Representatives Dec. 17, 1736, it was 

* That Daniel Epes, Esq., be authorized and impowered to 
assemble and convene in some convenient place in the town of 
Salem the proprietors or Grantees of this township, to choose a 
Moderator, clerk, and to pass such votes as shall seem for the 
general interest and advancement of the town, and further, to 
agree upon a method of calling future meetings, as well as to 
admit grantees to a draft of their home lots. 

In accordance with the foregoing order of the Court, ' ' the 
Proprietors or Grantees admitted into the Grant made the In- 
habitants of Salem & Marblehead &c. In June 1735," were 
notified to assemble together " at the house of Mrs. Margaret 
Pratt Inholder in Salem, on Thursday the 3rd day of Feb^' 
next at Eleven of y^ Clock in y*^ forenoon, To chuse a Modera- 
tor, Proprietors' Clerk, &c. & to pass Such Votes & orders as 
may be agreeable to y*^ bringing forward the Settlement of y*" 
Township, and to agree upon methods how to call future 
Proprietors' meetings, and also to admit y*^ Grantees to a Draft 
of their home Lotts, and that every Grantee pay in his propor- 
tion of money for laying out S'^ Lotts before he draws the same. 

Daniel Epes 
Salem Jan'^ y^ 20th 1736* (? 1737) 

Att a Legall meeting of y« pro^ of Salem-Canada Township att Mrs. 
Pratt's Inholder in Salem on Thursday y* 3rd Day of Feb^ 1736. 

*The date 1736 seems an error ; for Jan. 20, 1736, is nearly eleven months earlier than 
Dec. 17, 1736, the date of the Order of the General Court which authorized Daniel 
Epes to call the meeting. Tonotifj- a corporation to meet at a date nearly a year in the 
past, is absurb ; and the proper date should therefore be 1737. 

See account of the First Division Rights drawn by the several proprietors at their 
meeting Feb. 3, 1737. The latter date is manifestly the correct pne. Then follows an 
account of the first legal meeting, a record of which is here transcribed, verbatim el 
Hleratim, as a sample. 


Voted, Daniel Epes Esq' Moderator, and Daniel Epes Jun' proprie- 
tors Clerk, and he was Sworn accordingly att y' meeting F Benj^ 
Lynde Jun' Jus' peace. 

Voted, Beuj" Lynde Jun' Esq' Treasurer. 

Voted, That four pound be raised on Each right in order to Defray 
the Charges that have arissen on this propriy for y'^ surveying and 
Laying out of y« Lotts and other Charges, y' have or may arise to y*^^ 

Voted, A plan of y^ Township being presented to y^ proprietors by 
y« Com' Some time since, Desired to Lay out y' home Lotts, Together 
with Platts of the severall home Lotts as Laid out f a Skillful Surveyor 
In quantity & quality according to a standard of 60 acres to Each Right. 
Tliat the same be Excepted and y'' Severall Lotts be Confirmed to the 
Severall Pro'" as they shall draw the Same. 

Voted, That y*^ Prop'** Proceed to y* Drawing their home Lotts ; 
Paying for Each Right four Pounds Voted as above before they Draw, 
Inclusive of the fourty shillings already paid '^ Some of y« Proprietors. 

Capt. Jn° Stephen's ace" for Surveying & Laying out S*^ home 
Lotts am" to ^"88, 13s being Presented & Read, 

Voted, that y'= Same be allowed and the acc° paid, Excepting £20 
Charged to be for Laying out fourteen home Lotts, not yett Performed, 
which y« S'^ Cap' Stephens is to Lay out, and on his doing y" Same to 
be paid y'= S'' Twenty Pounds. 

Voted, The following accounts of Charges for Laying out y*^ home 
Lotts, be allowed & paid Viz'. 

To Daniel Epes Jun' ^60, 2, 
Maj' Blaney 13, 4, 3 

Mr. Cornelius Tarbell 13, 2, o 

Mr. Roger Derby 13, 5, 11 

Mr. John Gardner 13, 13, 9 

Voted, That Samuel Epes & Jn° Gyles Jun' be allowed ^10, each on 
y* ab" S** account. 

Voted, That vSamuel Chandler and Sam" Chandler Jun' be p"! Eleven 
pound besides what they were paid by Daniel Epes Jun' and Charged 
in his ace". 

Voted, To chuse a Com' of five men (viz') Benj* Lynde Jvin' Esq', 
Joseph Blaney Esq' Capt. Sam" King, Daniel Epes Jun' and Mr. 
John Fowl, They or the maj" part of them is hereby fully Impowered 
to call future pro'^ meetings and Draw orders on y*' Treasurer for y^ 
payment of y' Sums ab° Voted or any other Small Charges that may 

Voted, That Notifications for calling future Proprietors meetings be 
put up two att Salem two att Marblehead and one att Woburn. 

Voted, Benj" Lynde Jun' Esq' take y' Seven Lotts that remains yett 
to be drawn and keep them till y" adjournment of this meeting. Unless 
they or any of them pay his or their money to Mr. Lynde then he or 
they may Draw. This meeting was adjourned to y* Last Wednesday of 
this Instant Feb? att Mrs. Margaret Pratts att one of the Clock in y"^ 


Att a meeting of y« Com' Feb^' y« 6th 1736, Ordered y' y« Clerk 
Draw upon the Treas' for 3'* Payment of y*' Sums of money Voted ^ 
y« Prop" to be paid to y*" Surveyor and Com' &c. att their Last 

Att y* adjournment. 

Voted, That there be one Hundred acres of Land laid out on or adjoyn- 
ing to both sides of stream that is convenient for Seting up a Saw Mill 
and that 5'* Com' Hereafter to be chosen Lay out y* Same, and itt be 
Reserved for y* Use of y*^ Propriety. 

It being put to Vote whether you will now come to any further Divi- 
sion or Divisions, it past in y* affirmative. 

Voted, That there be Laid out to Each Propr"^ two more Divisions 
Cont* one Hundred & Thirty acres Each, which Lotts are to be so 
qualifyed & coupled bj' a Com' Hereafter to be chosen, as y' Justice may 
be so Done to P^ach prop" as far as by them may be Done. 

Voted, Mr. John Gardner One Hundred & Fifty Pounds for Laying 
out one Hundred & twenty Six Lotts Each Containing 130 acres, and 
also one Lott Cent" 100 acres for a Mill Lott, and to run y*' Lines all 
round S** Lotts, and to mark & numb'^ Each Lott, and also to make 
out y^ Extream Lines of y* Township where they are not yett Done, and 
also to Lay out Highways between y* Lotts according to y^ Com' Direc- 
tion, and to return a Propper Plan of y^ Same with y^ number on Each 
Lott, and to be p'^ y^ s'^ one Hundred >!s: fifty Pounds in Thirty days 
after y^ return of S'' Plann. 

Voted, To chuse three men a Com' to Lay out S'^ Lotts Viz' 

Mr. Thomas Fletcher \ 

Mr. John Gardner [ Com' 

& Daniel Epes Jun' ) 

Voted, To give Mr. Gardner & Mr. Fletcher 15/ F Day they to find 
themselves and Daniel Epes Jun"" 20/ ^ Day he to find himself. 

Voted, That there be four pounds raised on Each Right to Defray y« 
Charges for Surveying qualifying & coupleing y^ Second Divis" Lotts 
Voted as above. 

Voted, That Mr. Gardner with y'' Com' Sett out to Lay out & quallify 
9'' Lotts ab" y^ Beginning of Apr'^ next, and Compleat the work by the 
first Day of June Next. 

Thus we have given a sample of the records of the proprie- 
tors' meetings. Then follows an account of the first division 
rights, or home lots, as drawn by the several proprietors at 
their meeting Feb. 3, 1737. 
Capt. Samuel King, one lot, No. 5 Daniel Epes, Jun. No. 51 

One ditto 


" " 


Maj. Blaney 


Peter Martin 


One ditto 


William Stone 


Mr. Joseph Sweat 


John Felton 


Ditto for John Dowd 


Timothy Cummings 


Roger Derby 


Joseph Richardson for Benj. 

Daniel Epes Junr. 






Daniel Foster 




Thomas Fletcher for J. Ililliard 38 
Thomas Fletcher for Peters 18 

Ephraini Ingalls for D. Hilliard 59 
Ephraim Ingalls for Klson 40 

Benj" Tapley 13 

Benj" Taple)- 50 

Cornelius Tarbell 25 

Col. Daniel Epes 7 

Col. Daniel Epes 44 

John Gyles 46 

Jonathan Peal 60 

John Gardner 31 

Isaac Williams 52 

Robert Swan 55 

Capt. John Stephens for J. Knaj)p 9 
Capt. John Fowle Jun. 15 

Simeon Orn for Furgiuson West 24 
vSimeon Orn for William Norman 23 
Capt. John F^owle Jun. for 

Robbinson 62 

Isaac Knapp for John Bartoll 14 
John Bartlctt for Robert Bartlett 37 
Benj^ Goodhue for Searle 58 

Hugh Kelly for Swasy 28 

George Deland for E. Hilliard 30 

Samuel Osgood 
John Proctor 
Philip English Jun. 
Benj'' Lynde Jr. Esq. 
Capt. Joseph Bowditch 
Fletcher for Wm. Dixc}^ 
Samuel Wells P^sq. 
Thomas Trott for Williams 




vSamuel Swasy for Jon" Lambert ir 

Joseph Clough 45 

Joseph Lambert 27 

Joseph p;nglish for Beadle 21 

Joseph Hallett 8 
Edward Flardy for Jou^ Very 24E 

Capt. Bowers for John Archer i 

Edward Trask 16 

Capt. William King 19 

Capt. Barth" Jackson 36 

Stephen Daniel Jr. 47 

School Lot 32 

Lot 33 

Lot 34 


Salem-Canada Sawmills Roads & Meeting-house. 

At the next legal meeting of the proprietors two points on 
which to act, were " to consider of some proper method for 
erecting a saw-mill in said Township, also to chuse a commit- 
tee-man in the room of Capt. Samuel King who has disposed 
of his Right in said Township."* 

They voted at this meeting, June 21, 1737, "That the mill 
lot be 130 acres, equal in quantity with the other 2nd. division 
lots." On Dec. 26, 1738, they voted, "That Mr. John Cram 
have Twenty Pounds in Bills of Credit, & the lot No. 39 in the 
Second Division of lots, Allotted by the committee for the mill 
lot to him & his heirs forever, upon condition that he build a good 
& sufficient saw-mill on said lot, & cut boards for the Proprie- 
tors at the halves, or equivalent for such of them as shall bring 
logs. To be finished on or before the last day of August next, 
& keeps in sufiicient repair for sawing during the term of fifteen 
years, to commence from the said last of August." 

A good saw-mill was a necessity for the new town, and we 
learn that Mr. John Cram later gave bonds for its erection on 
his lot No. 41, as the best place for the same, the proprietors 
consenting thereto. When second division lots were drawn, 
June 21, 1737, Deacon Nathaniel Putnam drew instead of Capt. 
King, upon the home lot No. 5. He seems to have purchased 
Capt. King's right in the township, and he became thereafter a 
leading actor in the affairs of the town. 

At the proprietors' meeting in May (28) 1739, it was voted 
that a committee "be impowered to take Bond of Mr. John 
Cram for his performing the conditions of building a saw-mill 
on the terms voted at a meeting of the Proprietors in Dec. last." 
There seems to have been some delay in erecting this mill, a 
thing not surprising or blameworthy in primitive conditions. 
However, at the Proprietors' meeting, on May 9, 1740, a peti- 
tion was presented from their new proprietor, Mr. Nathaniel 
Putnam, humbly showing, " that he hath lately builded a good 
saw-mill in said town, at his own cost & charge, and as he 
apprehends will be of great service to the said Proprietors now 
before any other saw-mill be erected & fitted for sawing. He 

*Props Rs., copied by Mr. J. H. Goodrich. 


therefore most humbly prays that the said proprietors would 
give him some consideration, as they in their wisdom shall see 
meet, and as in duty bound shall ever pray. 

Viz': Nathaniel Putnam." 

He was at once voted a consideration of Ten Pounds which 
was paid Sept. 15, 1741.* "This first saw-mill in Salem 
Canada was in all probability just above Barnes's Falls in Wil- 
ton."! But the saw-mill of Mr. John Cram was also built in 
due time, not on the lot 39, first selected, but on lot 41 as 
seemed preferable. IvOt 39 is west of South Lyndeborough, 
on Rocky river, and lot 41, on Saw-mill brook, nearly east of 
South Lyndeborough, just below where the saw-mill of Mr. E. 
H. Putnam now stands. The last named gentleman is a lineal 
descendant of both the original mill owners. 


After making provision for a good saw-mill, the proprietors' 
attention was turned to securing good roads. "At the second 
meeting of the proprietors, Nov. 21st, 1737," says Rev. Frank 
G. Clark, "they voted to clear a road to the centre of their 
township from Amherst, & to let out the building of the 
road "by the great," that is, by the job. Thej^ also voted 
that, " upon Mr. Cornelius Tarbell & Mr. Joseph Richardson's 
clearing a good and sufficient cartway from the place where 
Mr. Timothy Cummings left off clearing a way from Mr. 
Waltron's in Narragansett No. 3 to or near Wainwood's brook, & 
to clear said way to or near the centre of said Canada township 
& building a good bridge over said Wainwood's brook, & 
laying the bodies of trees and making good passable causeways 
over miry places and over gullies & small brooks, so that a 
laden cart may pass conveniently, that the said Tarbell & 
Richardson be paid fifty-eight pounds."! 

The road was cleared and the money duly paid to those who 
did the work. 

At the proprietors' meeting, March 7, 1738, it was learned 
that some of the proprietors of the Ashuelots and other towns 
on the upper parts of the Connecticut River proposed ' ' to cut 
& bring the road from said townships across the woods, & 
so into this Canada township, which if effected may be of 
great advantage to this propriety; Wherefore Voted, that to 
encourage the bringing of said road from the Ashuelots into 

*See Prop. Records f Clark, p. 22. J Clark, pp. 20, 21. 


this township, this Propriety engage and will make a good and 
sufficient way from the place where the said road is brought 
into this town to the end of the road cleared by Messrs. Tarbell 
& Richardson, to or near the centre of said township." They 
also appointed Capt. John Fowle, Mr. Joseph Richardson and 
Mr. Cornelius Tarbell a committee to treat with a committee of 
the other towns in regard to this road. The road was built ; 
for in the record of the proprietors' meeting Dec. lo, 1741, it 
was voted to pay Capt. John Fowle 4^ for his part of the work 
on the Ashuelot road. At this last named meeting it was also 
voted, "That there be a good cart-road cleared from Deacon 
Putnam's saw-mill to the meeting-house, & that three pounds 
be allowed for the same, to be drawn out of the Treasury." 

Again at a meeting held Jan. 4, 1743, it was voted "That the 
road from Peterboro through this Township be well cleared & 
mended, so as to render it commodious for persons to travel 
through the same & that Mr. John Cram is hereby inipowered 
to do the same." 

The Meeting-house. 

Now, even before the settlers had succeeded in getting good 
roads, they began to agitate, and set about building their meet- 
ing-house. That they did so was no special evidence of piety 
on their part. The very conditions upon which their town was 
granted required this. Not only was their land obtained by 
agreeing to fulfil this and other conditions, but possession of it 
could not be maintained without a performance of their agree- 
ment. The State of Massachusetts, the grantor of their town- 
ship, held them to a strict compliance with her demands. They, 
therefore, set out early to perform their task. Nor need it be 
inferred that no house of worship would have been built had it 
not been required, for some of the leading men in the town were 
men of standing as Christians. Necessity and expediency alike 
combined to incite them to act. The first point to decide was 
the place on which to build. Accordingly, at the proprietors' 
meeting, March 7, 1738, the same day on which they took 
action in regard to the Ashuelot road, they appointed a commit- 
tee consisting of Mr. Cornelius Tarbell, Capt. John Fowle and 
Mr. Joseph Richardson to select a good spot for the meeting- 
house, and " clear a road from the road already made by Messrs. 
Tarbell and Richardson, to the said meetinghouse place." 

The committee thus appointed reported May 28, 1739, that in 


their opinion, " the most convenient place is partly on lot No. 41, 
and partly on lot No. 44, upon the line running east and west, 
and have cleared a road to said place." The proprietors voted, 
May 28, 1739, to accept the report of the committee, and to 
build a meeting-house 45 ft. long, 35 ft. wide, and 20 ft. stud. 
Benjamin Lynde, Jr., Esq., agreed to give 20 acres of lot No. 
44, and Mr. John Cram agreed to give 10 acres of lot No. 41 for 
the meeting-house grounds. 

Mr. Stephen Putnam, Mr. Joseph Richardson, and Mr. 
Stephen Richardson were chosen a committee " to treat with a 
person or persons to build and finish the meeting-house as cheap 
as they can," and report proceedings at next meeting for the 
proprietors' acceptance. At the next meeting July 2nd, 1739, 
the committee reported that they had not been able to find ' ' a 
person or persons that will undertake to finish the same by the 
Great. "The same committee was appointed " to build and sett 
up a good frame for a meetinghouse, workmanlike," on the 
place allotted for the same, on or before the i6th day of May 
next, and " underpin the said frame with good, handsome 
stones," — "as cheap as may be." There was failure to do 
this in the given time; and again on October 21, 1740, it was 
voted, "that the raising of the meeting-house be deferred till 
next spring, and that L,ieut. Joseph Richardson take care and 
secure the timber from the fire," &c. 

Thus, the securing of the meeting-house seems to have been 
attended with much difficulty and delay. Nor is it surprising 
that it should have been so, for even in our own daj^ with every 
facility at our command, it is no trifling matter to secure the 
fulfilment of a contract for either labor or materials within speci- 
fied time. But in those early days the workmen were scarce, 
and the materials were often inaccessible. Things moved more 
at the pace of the oxen and cart than at that of the railway and 
steam engine. The building of the meeting-house, therefore, 
seems to have dragged along discouragi^gl3^ 

It will be remembered that it was in 1740 that King George 
decided the controversy about the boundary line between this 
State and Massachusetts, and that the settlers of this town were 
from the Bay State, and were not a little worried at finding 
themselves without consultation or consent made a part of New 
Hampshire. The decision had the effect of unsettling people's 
minds, and creating great uneasiness. They were uncertain 
even as to the tenure of their lands and the validity of their 


titles to them, and in case of defect or annulment of title, 
whether they should receive any compensation for their clear- 
ings, buildings and improvements. The air was full of uneasi- 
ness and discontent. These phantoms of the times, no doubt, 
served greatly to retard their efforts in the good work. But 
courage and hope soon gave stability and firmness to their ac- 
tion, and in May, 1741, they voted that " the meeting-house be 
underpinned, raised, and covered forthwith," The dimensions 
were, meantime, considerably altered. The length was to be 30 
feet instead of 45, while the original width and height were to 
be retained. 

On the 9th of September following, the vote of May was sup- 
plemented by another vote, empowering Cornelius Tarbell, 
Lieut. Stephen Putnam, and Lieut. Joseph Richardson to get 
the meeting-house raised on the 24th day of September, instant, 
and " that they take sufficient care that it be done." 

The following accounts are interesting in this connection : — 

Salem, Aug., 1740. 
Accounts of work done about the meeting-house at Salem, 
Canada : — 

Mr. Cram, 6 days at 12s. per day, 
" Leniau, 4 days, 40s. ; Mr. Buffee, 2 dys. 20s. 
" Joseph Richardson, 15 dys. at 17s. 6d. 
" George Goold, 15 dys. at 12s. 
" John Deal, 8 dys. at 12s. 
" Stephen Putnam, 15 dys. at 17s. 6d. 

Salem, June 11, 1741. 

Mr. Cram, i day, 12s. ; Jacob Putnam, 2>2 dys. at 12s 
" John Deal, 10 dys. at 12s. 
" Joseph Richardson, 15 dys. at 17s. 6d. 
" " Richardson's son, 13 dys. at los. 

" George Goold, 15 dys. at 17s. 6d. 

"Allowed, and ordered that the Treasurer pay the same accordingly." 

Daniel Epes, Jun., Proprs.' Clk. 

We give here the accounts of Lieut. Tarbell and others for 
the raising of the meeting-house : 


















Stephen Putnam, 




t I2S. 2 













Stephen Putnam, 


Salem, Oct. 7, 1741. 

£ s. d. 

To 21 Ga" Rum of B. Lyude Jr. Esq^ @ 12s. F 12 12 o 

" 2 q'" fish of Mr. Bickford @ 40s. 400 

" 2olh sug"^ & I ga" rye of Capt. Jos. Bowditch 3148 

" 20 spikes ^: rings of Jos. Clough 30/ i 10 o 

" cart hire 20/ 2 horses' hire 25/ 3 10 o 

" 25t}> cheese 30/ lolb cheese 10/ of John Felton 200 

" 2 bus" meal & Bread 5/ i 13 o 

" 7 days myself (^'i 15/ 5 5° 

" 8 days my sou @ 10/ 400 

" Keeping horses 10/ i Cask 10/ of Eph. Ingalls i o o 

" 2oll> Butter of Jon'' Hill 60/ ;^ bus. meal Jo" Cram 12/ 3 12 o 

42 16 8 
Cornelius Tarbell. 

The account was examined and allowed Jan. 7, 1742. 

Stephen Putnam and others also presented their account for 
their work about the meeting-house, and clearing roads Sept. 
16, 1741 : — 

John Deal 3 days' work at 12/ 

Ephraim Putnam 2 days work with a pair of oxen, & i day him- 
self 48/ 
Lieut. Jos. Richardson 12 days @ 15 
Jacob Putnam i day 12/ 
Mr. George Goold 11 days 
Myself, II days @ 15/ 
Mr. Cummins for pewter and help 25/ son clearing roads 8/ 

28 6 o 
Stephen Putnam. 
The above account was examined and allowed Jan. 7, 1742. 

The account of Joseph Richardson and others for making a 
bridge over Wainwood's Brook, bears date of Dec. 19, 1741 : 

To nij-self 10 days at 15/ 7 

Mr. John Cram 3 days at lu/ i 

" Buffee 2 days at 8/ o 

William Peabod)' and his oxen 13/ o 

10 9 
Jos. Richardson. 
The above was examined and allowed Jan. 7, 1742. 























Contract for Finishing the Merting-house. 

Mr. John Gansou appearing to undertake the finishing the 
meeting-house at Salem-Canada, Voted, "that there be given 
him One Hundred Pounds for the same ; viz', Boarding the 
sides and ends of the house, and feather-edging the boards, 
boarding and shingHng the roof, putting on the weather boards 
and finishing the covings ; making and hanging all the outside 
doors ; finding and laying the sleepers ; and laying a double 
floor in the meeting-house, and finding and placing pillars 
under the galleries ; and the said Ganson is also to find all 
materials of boards, shingles, nails, hinges and all other things 
for the finishing the work as aforesaid ; and the standing com- 
mittee are desired to enter into articles for performing the con- 
tract with said Ganson." At the proprietors' meeting Aug. 
23, 1743, there were added to the specifications above given, 
that there should be six seats made on each side, and a " con- 
veniency for the minister to stand in to preach, and to glaze the 
said house with glass 7 inches one wa}^ and 9 inches the other 
way ; and to make five windows." 

The committee appointed doubtless entered into agreement 
with the contractor. But we learn from a source outside of the 
proprietors' records, of a petition, a copy of which follows : 


"To his Excellency Benning Wentworth Esq. Governor and 
Commander in Chief of His Majesty's Province of New 

The petition of the Inhabitants of Salem-Canada in said 
Province, Humbly Shews. 

That your petitioners live in a place Greatly exposed to the 
Indians and have not men Sufficient for to Defend us, That 
tho' there be but few of us yet we have laid out our estates to 
begin in this place So that we shall be extremely hurt if we 
must now move off for we have there by the Blessing of God 
on our labors a fine crop of corn on the ground and tho' we 
have a Garrison in the Town Built by Order of Maj' Lovell yet 
we have no body impowered so much as to set a watch among 
us nor men to keep it ; we would therefore pra^^ your Excel- 
lency that we may have some assistance flora the Government 
in sending us some souldiers to Guard and Defend us as in your 
wisdom you shall think proper. Tho' we are but newly added 
to this Government yet we pray your Excellency not to dis- 


regard us but so to assist us that we may keep our estates and 
do service for the government hereafter & your Petitioners as in 
duty Bound shall ever pray.* 
June 26, 1744. 

John Cram Jr. John Dale 

Joseph Cram Jonathan Cram 

Samuel Leman Ephraim Putnam 

John Cram Benjamin Cram 

David Steven.son Abraham Leman 
John Stevenson 

After perusing this petition in its chronological order, it will 
occasion us less surprise to read in the proprietors' records of 
July 25, 1744, " Voted, That nothing more be done to the meet- 
house at present than to shingle it and board it so as to secure 
it from the weather, and that it be done forthwith by the com- 
mittee chosen for that purpose." Evidently things were not 
pursuing the even tenor of their way. The uncertainties 
which prevailed in reference to a number of things are doubt- 
less reflected in this vote, to do nothing more to the meeting- 
house than shingle and board it "so as to secure it from the 
weather." The petitioners state that they had been " newly 
added to this Government." In the contention about the 
boundary line New Hampshire won much more than she had 
claimed. Enough territory to make 28 good townships, over 
and above her claim, had been given her by the decision of 
King George, and this town, claimed by Massachusetts and 
granted to the settlers, was placed beyond her control, and sub- 
ject to the government of New Hampshire. This change of 
boundary and jurisdiction made them fearful that their titles 
would be invalidated. 

But that was not all. The Masonian ownership of the soil 
was under agitation. If their farms were in New Hampshire, 
then the claim of Mason's heirs, which the highest legal author- 
ity had affirmed to be valid, covered their holdings, and thej' 
must secure a settlement with Mason before they can be sure of 
their possessions. John Tufton Mason was attempting to sell 
his right and title to the Government of New Hampshire. 
Negotiations were protracted and at last embittered. Doubt 
as to the outcome of those proceedings caused hesitancy, and 

* N. Bouton, Town Papers, Vol. IX, p. 535. 


the effect of any sale which might be made, kept them in sus- 
pense and uncertainty. 

Then added to all else, a war cloud arose between the mother 
country and Spain, and the fear that France would assist Spain 
and send the savage red men into their unprotected settlements 
haunted them. They had heard of the warwhoop, the toma- 
hawk, the scalping knife, the torch, and captivity in Canada, 
but had supposed that all these were things of the past, not 
likely to return. But now the horrid phantoms seem on the 
point of appearing once more. Menacing specters began to 
haunt the forests, and hovered uncomfortably near their homes 
and hearths. The surprise is, that they did not forsake their 
primitive cabins and return to the more cheerful towns of the 
old Bay State, to Woburn, and Salem, and Danvers, and 
Marblehead. Had there not been brave, hopeful, determined 
hearts among both men and women, they would hardly have 
endured the toils, privations, loneliness and fears of their un- 
promising situation, so remote from social advantages, so de- 
fenceless and exposed to prowling savages. But they came to 
stay. Their courage was equal to their trials, and even 
triumphed over all their hindrances. 

Thus, b}' all these causes they were no doubt influenced to 
postpone somewhat the completion of their house. During this 
same 3'ear, 1744, Amherst people were at work on their meet- 
ing-house, and voted '' to lath and plaster " it "in case there is 
not an Indian war next fall." * In the petition of Rev. Daniel 
Wilkins, pastor in Amherst, in 1744, he says, "That as war is 
already declared against France, Snd a rupture with the Indians 
hourly expected, your memorialists, unless they have speedy 
help, will soon be obliged to forsake their town, how disservice- 
able soever it may be to the crown, dishonorable to the govern- 
ment, hurtful to the province and ruinous to ourselves." 
"This petition was presented at Portsmouth, June 22, 1744, 
and, in answer to it, scouts were provided for Amherst and 
Salem-Canada (now lyyndeborough) on the west." 

*.\mherst Centennial of Meeting-house, p. 10. 


Sale of Mason's Estate. 

The years 1 745-6 seem to have been comparatively unevent- 
ful for the settlers, save that 1746 decided the negotiations of 
Mason for the disposal of his estates. The Provincial legisla- 
ture, in their rivalry with the Governor and his council, had 
dallied too long and lost their opportunity to deal directly with 
Mason. While they wasted time in their bickerings one with 
another he sold his property to a syndicate of twelve men in 
Portsmouth, who were afterwards known as the Masonian pro- 
prietors, the purchasers and proprietors of Mason's claims. 
Henceforth, Salera-Canada proprietors and settlers have to 
treat with the new owners of the soil.* 

"The Masonian Proprietors." 

" At first the purchase was divided into fifteen shares. The 
owners were Theodore Atkinson, three-fifteenths ; Mark Hunk- 
ing Wentworth, two-fifteenths; Richard Wibird, John Went- 
worth, John Moffat, Samuel Moore, Jotham Odiorne, George 
Jaffrey, Joshua Peirce, Nathaniel Meserve, all of Portsmouth, 
Thomas Wallingford, of Somersworth, and Thomas Packer, of 
Greenland, to the last ten one-fifteenth each. Previous to the 
date of the charter of this town (Rindge), the number of shares 
was increased to eighteen, an^ nine more persons were admitted 
to a common partnership. The new members of the associa- 
tion were : John Rindge, Joseph Blanchard, Daniel Pierce, 
John Tufton Mason, John Thomlinson, Matthew Livermore, 
William Parker, Samuel Solley, and Clement March, "t 

But there seems to be evidence that in these years material 
progress in this town was much interfered with. For, in May, 
1747, Rev. Daniel Wilkins, Pastor at Amherst, petitions the 
Government once more for protection, stating, " That when we 
began our settlement we apprehended no danger of our ever 
being a frontier, there being at that time so many above us 
begun and oljligated to fulfill the conditions of the Massachu- 
setts grants, which occasioned us to settle scattering, only re- 
garding the advantage of good and compact farms. + 

•See Hist, of Rindge, pp.41 and 42. t Stearn.s, Ezra S. Hist, of Rindge. 

JN. Bouton Town Papers, Vol. IX, pp. 7, 8. 


" That the difficulty of war happening so early on our 
settlements, and the defenceless condition they were in, has 
obliged them all, viz., Peterborough, Salem-Canada, New 
Boston, and Hillsborough (so-called) entirely to draw off, — 
as well as the forts on the Connecticut river left naked, — where- 
by we are now left as much exposed as any of the frontiers on 
Merrimack river. 

' ' That the first j^ear of the present war we were favored with 
a scout from this province (which we thankfully acknowledge), 
and Salem Canada with another, which was equally serviceable 
to us. Since that time both Salem Canada and this place has 
had a guard from the Massachusetts till the winter passed, 
together with our inhabitants keeping a constant scout (though 
much impoverished thereby.) 

" That this encouragement has occasioned our venturing here 
till now. 

" That as we are now left without either scout or guard, (we) 
apprehend we are in imminent danger, yet loath to yield our- 
selves such an easy prey to our enemies, or suffer ruin b)' leav- 
ing our improvements waste, — one whereof we have no reason 
to think but must unavoidably be our lot unless the govern- 
ment compassionately grants us protection."* 

This indicates that Salem-Canada was a sharer with its 
neighbors in the fears and inquietudes of the time. Some of 
the children of the first families in this town were born else- 
where. " The second child of Ephraim Putnam was born in 
Salem ; the oldest child of Melchizedeck Boffee was born in 
Litchfield ; the oldest sou of Jacob Wellman was born in Dun- 
stable, because, as the family record says, "his parents had 
gone there on account of the depredations of the Indians."! 

A note appended to the historical address of Hon. W. B. 
Towne published with the account of the centennial cere- 
monies of the dedication of the meeting-house at Amherst, in 
1874, implies that it was almost an act of benevolence on the 
part of Massachusetts that she " granted military aid to this 
infant settlement five years after it had been adjudged within 
the jurisdiction of New Hampshire." It would be unfair to 
deny Massachusetts the credit of rendering a most excellent 
service. But did not this act have in it a measure of self- 
protection ? These infant settlements were the outmost guards, 

•Centennial of Amherst Meeting--house, by Dr. J. O. Davis, pp. 13, 14. 
t Salem-Canada, pp. 23, 24. 


the advance posts of civilization ; and Massachusetts well 
knew that if these barriers were burst by the marauding sav- 
ages, her own homes and firesides could have no assured 
safety. It argued the rather, a wise and comprehensive policy 
on her part, that she sent forward her scouts and aided the 
pioneers to maintain their newlj^ planted, wilderness abodes. 
Thus could she most effectively secure the safety of her own 

But the citizens of Salem-Canada must endure ^-et another 
trial. Many and various petitions are in circulation about this 
time. Among these was that of Samuel Dustin and others of 
the Haverhill and Methuen Districts, for which see Batchellor, 
Vol. XXVII, p. 401, and Vol. XXIX, p. 236. The latter page 
refers not only to that of Samuel Dustin. but also to one which 
proved much more mischievous ; for the reason that it was suc- 
cessful, and also injurious in its results. For this reason I 
transcribe a copy of it which was forwarded "To the Gentle- 
men Purchasers and Proprietors of Capt. John Tufton Mason's 
Right to Lands in y*" Province of New Hampshire ; " and was 
endorsed by Nicholas White and Nathaniel Bartlet. 

I give it verbatim et lite7'atim, omitting the preamble : 

[Petition for Grant, 1748] 
[Masonian Papers Vol. 8, p. 127] 

Portsmouth November 2" 1748. 

" To His Excellency Bening Wintworth Esqr. Capt Generall 
and Governer In Chief In and over His majesties Province of 
New Hampshier To the Honr'^ Councel In S'' Province 

*May it Plees your Excellency & Honners It haveing been 
Practist to Grant tracts of Lands to Such Persons as Have dun 
servis In y*^ wors and In Hopes of obtaining the Like favour 
wee 5-oour Humble petitioners would Gest mention Sumthing 
wee Have dun Sum of us was Present at the taking Poortrial 
others at Capertoon others In Hopes of Doing Great Servis 
Inlisted against Canodi and others of us Have Suffered greatly 
Not onely In y*^ Present but former wors yet so It Hath hapned 
No lands have been Given to us as yeat and being Greatly 
Stratned for want thereof & finding Sum Lands Not Laid out 
betwixt a place Cold Salem-Canody & a Remote place Cold 
grotten if your Excellency & Honnours would be Please** to 
Grant us out of s** Lands a Nuf for a Small town Ship of Six 

•Batch, XXVIII, p. 446. 


or Eight miles Squeare, or So niucli as you in your Wisdum 
Shall think Best it would Greatly oblidge your Humble peti- 
tioners. Nicholas White 

Nathaniel Bartlet." 

To this petition were fiftyone other names subscribed. It 
seems to have been the first occasion of the dismemberment of 
Salem-Canada. Three days later, the following obligation was 
assumed by Col. Joseph Blanchard of Dunstable : 

Portsmouth November 5*'' 1748. 
*"Gen»" Ibe Prop" of Masons Grant &c» 

Whereas I the Subscriber have this day 
Rec** your Request and Authority to Lay out into townships the Lands As 
therein described And to Admit Setlers at my descretion And On Such 
Conditions on your behalf as I Shall think Equitable I hereby Oblidge my 
Self to Reserve on Quarter part at the least And As much more as the 
Expediency of the Setlement will Allow of &c the township to be 
Allotted out and the Setlers at the whole Charge therein And will Con- 
stantly Acquaint You with my proceedings thereing 

I am V Hum'' Ser« 

Jos, Blanchard," 

Again, under date of Nov. 30, 1748, he (Jos. Blanchard) sent a letter 
from Dunstable to " The Venerable Society of Mason Hall," after having 
entered upon his work as their agent, in which he stated, " I have wrote 
to the Proprietors' Clerk of Groton and the Proprietors Clerk of Town- 
shend, Intimating y* Authority you gave me. Particularly that at my Dis- 
cretion I was to Admit Inhabitants, and if they inclined to Setle I should 
Accommodate them as far as I Could in faithfulness to my trust provided 
I had their Answer in twenty days to the vSame purpose I have Wrote 
Coll" Berry one of y* Principal Proprietors of New Ipswich and to Sev- 
erall of the Proprietors of Rowley Canada, Desireing a positive Answer. 
This has sufficiently Allarm'dthe vicinity, And Application has already 
been made for twice the Quantity of Land you Left with me to dispose 
of ... I appi-ehend I Shall Quietly Succeed, unless Coll" Berry be 
Poutey and Sullen on Behalf of New Ipswich, Which Since I have entered 
upon it Desire under your directions my Liberty may be Continued to 
Setle with him, or Any Others that Shall be Obstinate. The Writings 
I'm not Capable of forming, shall depend on them being done at Ports- 
mouth. The Proprietors of Souhegan West, Since I was at Portsmouth 
have Divided their Com'ons and I hear bid Defiance to your Title, if no 
Notice be taken of them I apprehend it will have An ill effect and per- 
haps create you a Squabble with many other towns, and your Setting up 
your Bristles early might put an end to it. (but as to y* you know best 

And they proceeded to set them up quite early, as the follow- 
ing communication will show. 

* Batch, XXIX, pp. 232, 233. t Batch, XXIX, p. 234. 


Portsmouth Deer 3'' 1738 
S' We have both your I^etters before us as to that of y^ 30th of the last 
month for which we are obliged we greatly approve of your Scheme and 
y'^ Progress you have made and hereby give you full Power of agreeing 
with any person of note that can be Serviceable in Securing y^ Peace and 
Quiet of the Settlers either in New Ipswich or other Town as to Souhe- 
gan West if they should be troublesome they can expect no favor from 
this Society and we shall soon prosecute Some of the foremost in the 
Opposition which if you think proper please to inform them of and let us 
know the men."* 

tFurther ; in response to an overture for settlement from the inhabi- 
tants of New Boston in May 1751, the Masonian proprietors voted June 
10, 1751, that "Joseph Blanchard Esq. be and hereby is Authorized and 
fully impowered to Settle agree and Compound all Claims and Demands 
Differences Disputes and Controversies whatsoever made being and Sub- 
sisting between the Said Proprietors and the Claimers of the Said Tract 
of land under the Said Government as fully and amplj^ to all Intents 
and purposes as said Proprietors themselves.":!: 

Again; those proprietors voted in November of the same year 1751, in 
regard to towns No. i, No. 2, New Ipswich, and Peterboro Slip, so called, 
that, " in as much as the Said Joseph Blanchard hath been at much 
trouble Cost and Charge in managing carrying on and Effecting the 
Said Business and whereas in each of the said Tracts of land so granted 
one of the Said Reserved Shares is drawn by and entered to the said 
Joseph Blanchard Therefore, Voted That all the Right and Interest of 
the Said Proprietors of in and to each of the said shares so drawn by and 
entered to the Said Joseph Blanchard Shall be and hereby is granted 
unto him the Said Joseph Blanchard to have & to hold the Same unto 
him the Said Joseph Blanchard his heirs and Assigns in Severalty for 
his Service in doing the aforesaid Business. "§ 

The petition before cited, of Nicholas White, Nathaniel 
Bartlet and others, seems to have received speedy attention ; for 
early in June of the following year, Joseph Blanchard made 
such an assault upon the south side of the old town of Salem- 
Canada as has never ceased to grieve and annoy many of its 
worthy citizens. At an adjourned meeting of the Salem- 
Canada proprietors in Salem, Mass., June 27, 1749, it was 
voted, that, " Whereas the committee heretofore chosen to treat 
with Col. Joseph Blanchard relating to the claimers under 
Mason (according to their verbal reports) have not agreed with 
him; Therefore, Voted, the Hon. Benjamin Lynde, Joseph 
Blaney, Benjamin Pickman Esq. and Maj. Joshua Hicks a 
committee to confer with said Blanchard, and make the best 
enquiry with the claimers and also their demand ; and to agree 

*Batch, Vol. XXVII, pp. 63 and 64. tHist. of New Boston, p. 67. 

tBatch, XXIX, p. 441. §Batch, Vol. XXIX, p. 437. 


and settle with him in behalf of said claimers on the best terms 
they can in behalf of the Proprietors ; to the which agreements 
the said Propriety determine to abide by, and this vote shall be 
the said Committee's power to effect the same."* 

Daniel Epes Jun Pro. Clerk. 
From the last mentioned date till Jan. 22, 1753, no entry is 
made in the records of Salem-Canada. But on May i, 1753, it 
was voted by the proprietors " to choose a committee of seven 
persons to effect the settlement of the Propriety in securing the 
whole land laid out and to be laid out, according to the pro- 
prietors agreement with Joseph Blanchard Esq., as also the 
building of a meeting-house according to said agreement, and 
to get a plan of the land and lots when laid out, to transmit a 
list of persons admitted into said Propriety to said Blanchard, 
and to get a patent of said lands drawn and executed by said 
claimers under Mason, and to do what may be thought proper 
and to the advantage of the propriety." The committee chosen 

were : 

Hon. Benjamin Lynde, Esq. 

Benjamin Pickman Esq. 

Daniel Epes Jun. 

Joseph Blaney Esq. ) Committee. 

Maj. Joshua Hicks 

Mr. Stephen Putnam, & 

Mr. Benjamin Goodhue. 

The time which elapsed between June, 1749, and March 20, 
1753, seems to have been passed in trying to effect an agree- 
ment, which appears to have been accomplished only with great 
difficulty. The indications point to a coercion of the commit- 
tee by the agent, into consent to a procedure which was in no 
way agreeable to them. There was no escape from the validity 
of Mason's claims, nor from the clutches of those who had 
purchased his rights. If the Salem-Canada settlers wished to 
retain their lands, new titles to them must be secured. The 
agent of the Masonian proprietors was empowered to make 
terms at his discretion ; and his discretion in this instance 
seems to have been to make their surrender of a large tract of 
Salem-Canada towmship, a condition of obtaining a charter for 
the residue of the town. An exaction like this the committee 
could not have endured except under dire pressure. Their ac- 
quiescence in it was evidence of their inability to do better. 

♦Props. Rs, 1749. 


Having thus, Shylock like, exacted his pound of flesh, blood 
and all, the agent took and joined it to the tract called Gioton 
Gore, and constituted the new township which he called No. 2, 
which at a later day was chartered by the Provincial Govern- 
ment under the name of Wilton. 

*It may be interesting to note that in the new town, Mr. Blan- 
chard was both a grantor and grantee, thereby being entitled to 
draw six lots. His lots were numbered on the original plan of 
Wilton, 8 in each of ranges three and four, 20 in range two, 
5 in range four, 10 in range three, and 4 in range eight. Thus 
lie was permitted to draw equal rights with the Masonian pro- 
prietors in every town which he succeeded in organizing. The 
more towns, the more farms and money for the agent and his 
venerable principals. Groton Gore might easily have been 
parcelled out to Monson or Raby or to Peterborough Slip, as a 
portion of it was at a later day, and it would have made a wel- 
come addition to their scant territory. But that course, would 
not add the farms and pounds sterling to the propert}' of the 
grantors and their agent. Thej^ would gain much more by 
striking at the heart of Salem-Canada, and compelling it to 
deliver up some of its choice treasures, both of land and inhab- 
itants, to construct with them township number two. The 
latter scheme would result in much greater profit to the gran- 
tors ; and the multilated town would do better to refrain from 
being " pouty or sullen " about it, like Col. Berry. 

In its attempt to settle with this agent, Amherst learned that 
charters were " costly things," although her inhabitants were 
required to pay but fifty-one shillings sterling monej^ each, to 
the grantors, and three shillings like money to the committee 
for " time Expenses and trouble in procuring " the grant. t 

+ The grantees of New Ipswich were less favored, for 
they had to "pay fourteen Pounds Cash, old tenor" at the 
executing of their grant. But these expenses were still moder- 
ate compared with those of the town called number one 
(Mason.) This, though entitled to rank first in accordance 
with its number, was placed a full calendar month behind num- 
ber two, in the date of its charter. And again, while no ex- 
pense of settlement is stated in regard to the latter, the expense 
for each settler in number one, was " thirty pounds Cash Old 
Tenor." No definite statement of the cost of Salem-Canada's 

* Batch, Vol. XXVIII, pp. 450 to 453 and plan. t Batch, XXVII, 72. 

1 Batch., XXVIII, 117. 

SA L EM' CA NA DA 4 7 

cliarter has been discovered. But there is little reason to sup- 
pose that there was any omission of expense, or that the cum- 
brous document was conferred as a gratuity. 

The Masonian proprietors and their agent do not, however, 
seem to have been wholly unconscionable in their dealings 
with Salem-Cauada.* For, they made a pretence of adding to 
it on the north as much territory as they took away on the 
south. The sop was unsatisfying. How thoroughly the adding 
of it was a pretence is shown, when less than two years later, a 
large portion of it was annexed to New Boston, thereby mak- 
ing that town " Seven miles long by six miles broad." t 

The New Boston charter shows that, beside his own allow- 
ance for service, the agent further secured that one half right 
in the New Boston settlement should be granted to Joseph 
Blanchard, Jr., then twenty-two years of age, and together 
with this, "two Lotts in the Great Meadow." requiring that 
the reservations for him, Joseph Blanchard, Jr., should be like 
those of the grantors," free from all Dutys, Taxes, Charges, or 
Expence whatsoever until improved by the Owner or Owners, 
or some holding under them." In view of the recent generous 
addition made to its territory, New Boston would surely be 
very ungrateful to refuse Joseph Blanchard, Jr., a trifle like that. 

More attention has been given this man than his merits 
warrant, or that he would have received, but for the great 
injury which he did to the early settlers. That the injury was 
deeply felt from time to time by the citizens of Lyndeborough 
will occasion little surprise to persons fully informed in regard 
to the facts. Their sense of the injury done the town is on 
record in a remonstrance against a further division of the town, 
which was presented to the legislature in 1784, bearing the 
honored names of Levi Spaulding, Ephraim Putnam, and 
Peter Clark. They state, that "there was a large piece of the 
Town taken off from the South part of Said Town and Added 
to Wilton, by Joseph Blanchard Esq' who was agent for the 
Masonian Proprietors, which was a great dammage to this 
Town." These worthies did not state all the respects in which 
it was a damage. But to us it is clear ; first, that it weakened 
the settlement at a time when it was far from strong, and that 
too while a cruel Indian war was distressing it ; secondly, it 
gave Wilton many choice farms, together with some of the fore- 
most citizens ; thirdly, it added territory on the north, and thus 

•Batch. XXVIII, p. 59. t New Boston H'y, p. 68. 


left the mountain near the middle of the town, separating its 
inhabitants and making united action verj^ difficult ; and fourthly, 
the pcoj)le, thus separated, felt it necessary to seek better con- 
veniences elsewhere, and consequently a series of disruptions 
commenced which has harassed the town even to the present 

The old town continued its course as best it could under this 
great disadvantage. The committee chosen to treat with 
Joseph Blanchard did not complete their negotiations till Dec. 
5, 1753. They then succeeded in obtaining that cumbrous and 
formidable document known as the charter of the Masonian 
proprietors. It is as follows : 

Charter of Lyxdeborough, 1753.* 

Province of New Hamp'. 

Pursuant to the Power and Authoriy granted And vested in me the 
vSubscriber by the Prop'" of Lands'Purchased of John Tufton Mason Esq' 
in the Province of New Hampshire At their meeting Regularly Called 
for that Purpose, — 

I do by these Presents On the terms And Conditions with the res- 
ervations herein After Expressed Give And Grant All the Right title 
property And Possession of the Prop'" afores'' According to the fol- 
lowing Proportions of Interest viz* to Benjamin Lynd's Esq four Shares 
Benjamin Pickman Esq' three Shares Robert Hooper Esq One Share, to 
the Heirs and Assigns of Joseph Sweat Esq Six Shares to Joseph Blanej' 
Esq two Shares Samuel Wells Esq two Shares Daniel Epps Junr. Esq' 
two Shares Major Joshua Hicks two Shares Benjamin Goodhew three 
Shares Thomas Fletcher Two Shares Joseph Richardson two Shares 
George Goold two Shares Ephraim Ingalls Two Shares And to the fol- 
lowing Persons viz' Joseph Bowdage Esq Josiah Bowers Stephen Puttnam 
the Heirs of James Leudall Esq late Deceased Jonathan Bowers Major 
John Fowle John Bickford William Holt Moses Graves Oliver Fletcher 
Flsq Timothy Cumings to Mrs Hannah Cobbit Joseph Clough David 
Stinson Daniel Nickolls Robert Swan And Jonathan Peal to Which Sev- 
enteen One Share Each of in And to a tract of Land in the Province of 
New Hamp' afores'^ Containing by Estimation twenty eight Thousand 
Acres Part thereof Heretofore Called Salem-Canada the Whole tract 
Bounded As follows, Beginning at the Northeast Corner of a tract of 
Land Called Duxbury School Farm And in the line of that tract or town- 
ship Called Souhegan West from thence running West by the Needle One 
mile two Hundred And Eighty Rods to the East line of a tract of Land 
Called Noniber two from thence North by the Needle four Hundred And 
ninety Eight Rods to the Northeast Corrrer of S*^ N° two from thence west 
by the Needle by vS'' N" 2 five miles to a White Ash marked the Corner of 
Petersborough Slip And of N" 1 : And from thence west b}' the Needle 
two Hundred and Forty Rods by S** Petersborough Slip to a Beach tree 

♦ Farmer's MSS. Town Papers, Vol. 4, p. 275 ; Batch., XXVII, p. 401. 


Marked from thence North by the Needle Six miles and Three Quarters 
to a tree Marked for the Corner of S'' tract from Thence East by the 
Needle three miles and One quarter to a tree marked in the Western line 
of New Boston from thence South by that line One mile And An half to 
the most Southwesterly Corner of New Boston afores"! from thence East 
by S'* New Boston line three miles One hundred And twenty rods to a 
Black Oak marked Still by Said New Boston line & runs South two 
miles And An half To a Stump and Stones from thence East One mile 
And Eighty rods to the northwest Corner of that tract Called Southegun 
west afores'i from thence South by the line of Said Souhegun west four 
miles One Hundred And twenty-three rods to the Bounds first men- 
tioned, & to all the Bounds afores'* lett Either of the lines afores'' be 
more or less. Which tract of Land or Township Shall from this time be 
Called Lyndes Borough, the Premises afores'' under the terms & Condi- 
tions with the Reservations hereafter express, (that is to vSay) that the 
Grantees [afore"^ According their Respective Shares (exceping as hereafter 
excepted, have twenty One Thousand & thirty Acres Part of the afores"* 
twenty eight Thousand Acres As the Whole of the grantees part of the 
Premises in the following manner viz' that each of the Grantees named 
in the Schedule hereunto annexed Own And Enjoy the Severall And Re- 
spective lotts to their names Respectively affixed, As part of their 
Shares, That the following Severall Lotts, (And to be part of the 
Grantees proportion afores**) be granted As afores'' free from Duty Set- 
tlement or taxes in Bringing forward or Compleating the duty as the 
Conditions of this grant to the Severall Persons hereafter named As fol- 
lows To David Badger the lott N° 117, to Francis Densmore the lott N° 
106 to Bartholomew Jackson lott N" 100, To John Skead the lott N° 50, 
To Paul Raymond the lott N" 99, Which lotts Contain by estimation one 
Hundred And thirty Acres each And is part of the Second Division for- 
merly laid out in S** tract. To James Twadle in the Right formly Edward 
Fladre the Home lot Called 24 East with An Addition Round About it of 
Sixty four Acres to Compleat the quantity of One Hundred And thirty 
Acres to [Deacon Nathaniel Puttnam Peter Martin & George Dealands 
Heirs to Each One lott, to be lay'd Out in the undivided Lands which 
three lotts Are to Contain One Hundred And thirty Acres each And to 
Benjamin Lynde As Assignee to John Dale Sen'^ the home lot N" 21 And 
One Hundred and Twenty Acres to be lay'd out in the Undivided Lands 
Which S<i persons in their Capacitys as above Shall be Intitled to no 
further part of y*= Premises. 

That Out of the Grantees Proportion there be three Shares more 
granted One for the first Settled Minister And One for Ministry And One 
for the Schole there forever Which Said Shares Shall be And Contain in 
the Severall And Respective lotts entered in the Scheedule hereunto 
Annexed As their Whole & Respective Shares & Shall be free of Duty 
of Settlement And all taxes in performing the Condi(ti)ons* of this Grant. 

To have and to hold to them their Heirs & Assigns forever under the 
following Conditions with y^ Reservations hereafter mentioned Viz'. 

That there be reserved out of said Tract, One Farm of Five Hundred 
Acres, at the South- Westerly Corner of said Tract and also One Hundred 

*ti is probably omitted by misprint in Bachellor, XX VII, 40,^. 


and Fifty Acres, Afljoining ou that Corner of y"' Towuship that Bounds on 
New Boston West Line, & One Hundred and Fifty Acres as discribed 
in y« Plan of vSaid Tract 

And that there be further reserved to and for the use of y"^ Grantors, 
their Heirs and Assigns, Free of all Charge and Incumbrance of Settle- 
ment or Taxes, until improved by the Owners, or by them sold. Six 
Thousand and Sixty Six Acres, and laid out into Nineteen Equal shares 
at the Charge of y<= Grantees, in y* following manner Viz' That there be 
in y* next best Accommodations of y*^ undivided Lands, Three Thousand 
Six Hundred and Sixty Acres, laid out for the Grantors aforesaid, for 
Quantity and Quality, with y'' Lands already laid out, in Nineteen Equal 
shares, as aforesaid and that there shall be next laid out, in y*' said undi- 
vided Lands so much to each Grantee, who has not his full Proportion in 
y*^ Lands already laid out, and set in y^ Schedule, as shall make their 
respective shares equal with the rest. 

And that the remaining part of the Land reserved for the Grantors 
aforesaid, being Two Thousand Four Hundred Acres, be Divided for 
Quantity and Quality, with the rest of y^ com'on Lands into Nineteen 
equal shares. And the remainder of y*= Com'ons or undivided Lands, to 
be to and for the use of y"^ Grantees as they shall Order the Divisions 
thereof. And that where any Lands was by the Proprietors, claiming 
under the Massachusetts Grant formerly left within any Lott, for High- 
ways, the Owners of such Lott, shall have said Land thus reserved, 
allowing so much, as shall be of Equal Value, out of his Part in y* next 
division of y^ Com'ons 

That the respective Grantees, Owners of y* Fifty shares afores** and 
who are not excused from Duty and Charge, bring forward and make set- 
tlement, in the following manner Viz* That they lay out y*^ s"^ Tract or 
Township and compleat the Division thereof as afore directed, at or 
before y® 20"' Day of November next ensuing, and return a Plan thereof, 
certified under the Hand of their Clerk on Oath, within Two Months after 
such Work, shall be compleated to the Clerk of said Grantors 

That y*" respective Owners, for each respective share, make One settle- 
ment, in the following manner Viz' To clear inclose & fit for Momng 
or Plowing Two Acres on some one Lott, and have a comfortable dwell- 
ing House, Built and fitted for comfortable Dwelling in, and a Family or 
some Person resident there at or before, the first Day of December, One 
Thousand Seven Hundred and Fifty Six, and to continue Inhabitant or 
Resident there, for Four Years, then next comeing and also for the same 
Four Years Annually, on each of y^ said Lotts, to have Two Acres cleared, 
Inclosed and fitted as aforesaid 

That there be a Meeting House for Publick Worship in said Township, 
within Five Years from this Date, at Such Place as shall be agreed on by 
the Proprietors, both Grantors and Grantees, to be determined according 
to Interest, and Ten Acres reserved there for Publick use notwithstand- 
ing such Lott should be laid out to any Particular Person or Persons 

That the Lands in said Township belonging to Grantors and Grantees, 
be subjected to have all Necessary Highways, laid through them as there 
shall be occasion, for the Future without any Pay or Allowance for Dam- 
ages, that the aforesaid Grantees, their Heirs or Assigns not heretofore 


excused from Charge, by a Major Vote in Publick Meeting called for that 
Purpose, Grant and Assess in Equal Proportion, Such Sum or Sums of 
Money as they shall think necessary for carrying forward and compleat- 
iug the Settlement aforesaid or for the Support of the Ministry as the 
Proprietors shall agree to, and every one of the Grantees exclusive of the 
Three Publick Lotts, or his Assignee who shall Neglect for the Space of 
Sixty Days after such Assessment shall be granted, to pay the same, so 
much of such Delinquents Rights, shall and may be sold as will Pay 
their respective Taxes and all Charges ariseing thereon by a Committee 
to be appointed by the Grantees or their Assignees, for that Purpose. 
And in case any of the Grantees, or their Assignees shall neglect or 
refuse to perform any of the Articles, Matters or Things aforesaid by 
him respectively to be done, He shall Forfeit his Right in said Town- 
ship, and every Part thereof, to those of the Grantees or their Iniediate 
Assignees who shall have complyed, with the Conditions on their Part, 
herein expressed, and it shall, and may be Lawful! for them or any 
Person, by their Authority, to enter into & upon, the Right or Part, of 
such Delinquent Owner and any and every part in the Name and behalf 
of the whole of the Grantees or their Imediate Assignees, who shall 
comply as aforesaid, to amove oust and expell for the use of them their 
Heirs and Assigns, provided they settle or cause to be settled each such 
delinquents Right, within the Term of one Year at the farthest from the 
Periods, that is by this Instrument Stipulated to be done as the Condi- 
tion of this Grant and fully comply with the whole Duty, such delin- 
quent ought to have done, within One Year from Time to Time after the 
respective Periods thereof and in case the Grantees or their Assignees, 
fulfilling their Parts as aforesaid shall neglect, fulfilling as aforesaid the 
Duty of any delinquent Owner as aforesaid then such right or Part shall 
be Forfeit revert and belong to the Grantors their Heirs and Assigns and 
be wholly at their disposal 

Allways Provided there shall be no Indian Warr, within any of y* 
Terms aforesaid for doing the Duty conditioned in this Grant, and in 
case that should happen, the same Time to be allowed for the respective 
matters afores'i after such Impediment shall be removed 

That all White Pine Trees fit for Masting His Majestie's Royall Navy 
growing on said Tract of Land, be and hereby are Granted to his Majesty, 
His Heirs and Successors forever 

Lastly the said Grantors, do promise and Engage to y^ said Grantees, 
their Pleirs and Assigns, to defend through the Law, to King & 
Council, (if need be one Action that shall and may be brought against 
them or any Number of them, by any Person or Persons whatsoever, 
claiming the said Land or any part thereof, by any other Title than 
that, of the s'^ Grantors, or that by which, they hold and derive theirs 
from, provided the said Grantors are avouched in to defend the same 
and that in Case on P'iual Tryall, the same shall be recovered, against 
the Grantors, that such Person or Persons, shall recover nothing over 
against the Grantors for the Said Lands, Improvements or Expence, in 
bringing forward the Settlement 

To all which Premises, I Joseph Blanchard Agent for and in behalf of 


the Proprietors, the Grantors, have hereunto set my Hand and Seal this 
Fifth Day of December A D. 1753. 

Signed Sealed & Joseph Blanchard [seal] 

D D in presence of 
Geo: Delond 
Jn" Bowles 

The aforegoing Pages contain a True Copy of the Charter signed & 
Executed by Joseph Blanchard Esq' as Agent for and in behalf of the 
Proprietors of Lands purchased of Ju" Tufton Mason Esq"^ in the Province 
of New Hampshire delivered unto us the Subscribers in behalf of the 
Grantees mentioned in this Charter And whereas we were by the afores* 
Grantees Authorized & Impowered to setle Agree & Compound, con- 
cerning the premises in the aforewritten Charter, with the s<* Joseph 
Blanchard Esq"" in his capacity above mentioned, on such terms & Con- 
ditions & with such reservations as by both parties should be agreed 
& Concluded, Now therefore we the s'^ Com'itee in the name & be- 
half of the Grantees mentioned in the aforewritten Charter, hereby 
Accept s'l Title & for s'' Grantees do Acknowledge that we hold s** 
Lands, under the s'' Grantors Title & on the conditions & Limitations 
with the reservations expressed in said Charter 

Witness our hands this 5"' Decemb'' 1753 
Witnesses Benj* Lynde •\ 

Love Pickman Benj'' Pickman \ Com** 

John Nutting Jr Joshua Hicks J 

(Copied by D. Donovan, Feb. 26, 1902J 



[Draft of Lots 1753] 
[Farmer'3 MSS. Town Papers, Vol. 4, p. 281] 
Schedule to be annexed to Charter made to Benjamin L,ynde Esq' and 
others of Salem-Canada now called Lyndeborough 



Persons Names 


No of Second Division Lotts 

Benjamin Ljnde Esq' 


50, 23, 

44. 55, 83, 84, 98, loi, 65, 

Benja. Pickman Esq' 


22, 44. 

53, 66, 80, 83, III, 

Robert Hooper Esq' & Mr. 



34, 36, 37, 92, 93, 48, 49, rc.8, 87, 

Swetts Heirs 


43. 49. 

94, 29, 103, 

Joseph Blaney Esq' 



30, 41, 54, 

Maj' Joshua Hicks 



52, 97, 102, 114, 

Benjamin Goodhew 


58, 6r, 

48, 60, 64, 115, 124, 125, 

Thomas Fletcher 



56, 57, 82, 

Samuel Wells Esq' 



71, 75, 81, 

George Gould 



69, 70, 74. 

Ephraim Ingalls 



51, 112, 119, 123, 

Daniel Epes Jr. Esq' 



40, 73, 104, 107, 

Capt Joseph Richardson 



63, 89, 116, 118, 

Josiah Bowers 



Joseph Bowditch Esq' 


86, 95, 

The Heirs of James Lindall Esq' 


77, 78, 

Stephen Putnam 

113, 122, 

Jonathan Bowers 


47, 79, 

John Bickford 


38, 42, 

Moses Graves 


109, no. 

Maj' John Fowle 


45. 105, 

Oliver Fletcher Esq' 



Hannah Cabot 


120, 121, 

Joseph Clough 


62, 96, 

David Stimson 


58, 59, 

Daniel Nichols 



Robert Swan 


Jonathan Peele 


35, 61, 

Timothy Cummings 


31, 32, 

William Holt 


46, 76, 

School Lott 


67, 126, 

Ministry Lott 


90, 91, 

First Ministers Lott 


126, 127, 

The aforegoing List is the Schedule refferred to in the Annexed Charter, 
Dec' 5: 1753. 

Benj* Lynde | 
Benj» Pickman r Com«" 
Joshua Hicks 
(Schedule copied Feb. 26, 1902, by D. Donovan.) 

Such was the result obtained b)^ the committee appointed to 
negotiate with Col. Joseph Blanchard, agent of the Masouian 

As citizens of lyyndeborough, we assume a position in regard 
to the mutilation of our ancient town, the correctness of which 
it may be difiScult to establish by positive proof. Yet, we be- 
lieve that the division of old Salem-Canada was as distasteful 


to those severed from the old grant as to their old neighbors 
who still retained the original name. We cannot believe with- 
out better evidence than any documents public or private ex- 
hibit, that the Putnams and Dales and Burtons and Stileses 
and the rest had any grievance against their old town, or signed 
a petition to be severed from it, without being subjected to a 
species of intimidation amounting to coercion. Straws indicate 
the direction of the current. So, in the conduct of those who 
were parted from us by the new line, we think there is good 
evidence that the construction of No. 2 was neither by their 
contrivance nor connivance. 

That the portion of the old town which remained should be 
aggrieved by their loss was of course to be expected. But 
what cared the agent for that ? The damage done to the resi- 
due of the old town was far-reaching, and so rankled in the 
hearts of Lyndeborough's selectmen a quarter of a century 
later that they spelled the word damage strongly, using two 
m's. Indeed, traces of the injury then done continue, even to 
the present day. 

And here it may not be amiss to make a few words of response 
to the allusion of the Wilton History to this very matter.* The 
History recites, that " Some feeling has been expressed of late 
as if Wilton had encroached on I,yndeborough, and taken away 
a part of its territory. But Lyndeborough as a grant to Benja- 
min Lynde and thirty others did not date till December 5, 1753, 
\four years after Badger's settlement and that of others in 
Salem-Canada." "That about one-third of Wilton was once a 
part of Salem-Canada no one will deny, but Salem-Canada was 
not identical with Lyndeborough any more than it was with 
Wilton." Now, that so large a part of No. 2 was torn away 
from the old town, is Lyndeborough 's precise grievance; and 
furthermore Lyndeborough inclines to the notion, that it is at 
least 12,000 acres more nearly identical with Salem-Canada 
than was Wilton. "But," continues the history, "We con- 
fess that our good neighbor, Lyndeborough, since she became 
Lyndeborough and not Salem-Canada, has suffered mutilation." 
Our acknowledgments are due for the confession, so far as it 
goes. But it is too partial. For it ostensibly commiserates 
Lyndeborough, while it consents with the spoliation of vSalem- 

The kindly author of those sentences was a man whom it was 

* Wilton History, p. 23. t tikely a misprint for fourteen. 


a benediction to know. We believe that he was incapable of 
an intentional unfairness. We can therefore account for such a 
decision of the case in hand, only by his failure to obtain and 
thoroughly sift the evidence. 

The Lyndeborough people feel as the good Doctor did not, 
that "Salem-Canada suffered mutilation," and to this day, they 
regard themselves as sufferers from the effects of it. 

The history again proceeds, " We cannot with any advan- 
tage rake over the embers in the old ashes of past grievances to 
kindle new regrets and jealouses. Let bygones be bygones ! 
What is written is written, and what is done is done and can- 
not be reversed or undone."* Our heartiest sympathy is on the 
side of every proper effort to allay ill-feeling between the two 
towns. To kindle anew the dying embers of jealousy and re- 
gret is surely an unworthy part to act. The towns are too 
closely akin, too intimately allied by intermarriage, too much 
interested in each other's material welfare, too highly endowed, 
let us believe, with a genuine, dignified manliness, to yield 
their conduct to the sway of ill-feeling. They were for many 
years classed together, alternating in sending representatives to 
the General Court, the same man serving the common interests 
of both. It were therefore unseeml)' to nurse imaginary 
grievences or to revive dying strife. But these will be more 
readily dissipated by candor and fairness than by a partial or one- 
sided view. 

Now Salem-Canada was not a mere unoccupied tract of land 
opened for free appropriation of its territory by either town. 
It was as much a regularl}^ chartered town as New Boston, or 
Narragansett No. 3, or Dunstable. Its grant bears date of 
1735; No. 2's of 1749. John Cram, Senior, was in Salem- 
Canada in 1737, two years before John Badger entered the town 
in 1739. Salem-Canada was, therefore, fourteen years old, be- 
fore No. 2 was constituted ; and it kept its old name more than 
four years afterwards. But, according to the Wilton His- 
tory's mode of reasoning, Badger never lived in No. 2, and 
much less in Wilton. It required the partiall}'- settled frag- 
ment of land called " Grotou Gore," and the tract rent from 
Salem-Canada, to constitute No. 2. Did, then, the old name 
and traditions as naturally belong to the new town as to the 
old ? To ask this quesiion is to answer it. The Wilton His- 

* Wilton History, p. 24. 


tory seems as ready to assume Salem-Canada's good name, as 
to eujoy its valued territory. 

It is quite possible, that I^yndeborough people may have un- 
duly blamed Wilton for the mutilation of the old town. If so, 
they were wrong. Blame should rest where it belongs. We 
sometimes receive injury without perceiving clearly the source 
whence it springs. Lyndeborough may have thus erred. But 
reliable records now indicate that the chief blame should rest 
neither on Number two, nor on its successor, Wilton, but rather 
on Col. Joseph Blanchard of Dunstable and the Masonian Pro- 
prietors who both permitted and authorized their agent to effect 
the great and lasting injury. But many of the lyyndeborough 
people may say that " Wilton profited by the injury and so 
shared in it." This may have been true, and yet more unjust 
than we know ; for her share may have been very small. Fre- 
quently, and we fear too truthfully, is it said that "Corpora- 
tions have no souls." Incorporated Wilton, therefore, would 
have shown an extraordinary, and unlooked for degree of un- 
selfishness in rejecting an addition so valuable and important to 
its material interests. Our good neighbor Wilton should not be 
harshly censured. Better say with her kindly historian, " Let 
bygones be bygones," as the best lenitive with which to ally 
irritation; though it fails to heal the sore. A man, well en- 
dowed with the virtue of self-control, may accustom himself to 
gaze calmly upon goods which have been wrested from him and 
lodged irrecoverably in the possession of another man. But the 
sight will seldom awaken such enthusiastic emotions of joy as 
will make him toss up his hat and shout. The holder of the 
goods can more easily shout and "let bygones be bygones" 
than the loser of them, who is compelled to bear the loss and 
feel the rankling hurt. Rest the blame where it rightly belongs, 
and crush contention and strife between hands clasped in fra- 
ternal peace and friendship. 



December, 5, 1753. 

It is interesting to observe conditions under the new charter. 
There were fewer limitations under the old. The entire broad 
domain was the property of the Salem-Canada proprietors. A 
great change came when the Masonian proprietors took posses- 
sion. In the first assault they took away 4800 acres to aid in 
forming town Number two. Then, 6660 acres were reserved 
from the remainder for the new owners of Mason's claim, beside 
a few parcels for the agent, 500 acres at the southwest corner of 
the town, 150 at the northeast corner adjoining New Boston, 
and still another farm of 150 acres, more nearly central. In 
addition to all this there was the legal expense of a new charter 
(a costly thing). We feel little surprise, after thus raising a 
corner of the curtain, at the difficulty the old Salem-Canada 
committee experienced in its effort to agree upon a settlement. 
The exaction was "rank," and those who were compelled to 
endure it, doubtless felt, that " it smelled to Heaven ! " 

But, having got off with "the skin of their teeth," the old 
landholders and proprietors assume a new name, and face the 
future with admirable determination to advance. Benjamin 
Lynde Jr. Esq., who not only inherited large wealth, but also 
possessed rare legal and judicial talent, and added to all this, 
had an unsullied reputation for honesty and integrity, became 
about that time the principal owner of the real estate of the 
town. He became such by honest purchase, not by any process 
of pressure or extortion. Not a stain of this kind rests on his 
name. Under the new charter the town was, therefore, Lyndes 
Borough ; or as we now write it, Lyndeborough. But many of 
the old proprietors disappear, while the old organization and its 
records are continued. Under the new auspices the building of 
a meeting-house was as indispensable and imperative as under 
the old. The completion of the former structure was seriously 
interrupted by the outbreak of the French and Indian War, and 
then by the panic and uncertainty connected with the decision 
in regard to Mason's claims. The changed conditions de- 
manded readjustments. The site first selected for the meeting- 


house, generally accepted as central, is no longer acceptable. 
The line of the new town, Number 2, is less than two miles 
from the former centre. A new and more central point must 
now be chosen. Some of the citizens live north of the moun- 
tain. Many of them built their homes along the east side of 
the town, adjoining Amherst and New Boston, while other 
homes were situated along the west side and well upwards 
toward the Peterborough mountain. The interests of the differ- 
ent sections of the town conflicted. It was, indeed, a difficult 
matter to fix upon a new site for the place of worship, which 
would give general satisfaction. This new bone of contention 
disturbed the town for a number of years ; and failing to agree 
among themselves, it became necessary finally to submit the 
matter to the decision of a special commission. 

Meantime the preaching of the gospel was maintained as 
best it could be, under such discouragements and disadvan- 
tages. The services were held in private dwellings. A com- 
mittee was appointed Oct. 28, 1754, to " view the meeting-house 
and see in what manner it can be made suitable for public wor- 
ship." This indicates that their obligation to provide a place 
of public worship was not dormant. But so far as the records 
show there was no attempt made to finish the house begun 
before the late war. A new house, however, seems to have 
been built, and " located in the field east of where Mrs. Benja- 
min Button" lived, " on the road from the present centre of 
the town to Johnson Corner."* 

Thus the preaching of the Gospel continued to receive their 
attention. At the first meeting of the L^'udeborough proprie- 
tors after their acceptance of the new charter, they agreed " to 
allow two dollars per day towards procuring preaching for the 
next six months," to be drawn from the treasury, the number 
of days to be certified by the preacher. Oct. 29, 1754, it was 
agreed that "Mr. Stephen Putnam & Mr. Samuel King be 
desired & appointed to do as much this fall as they can" 
toward preparing the house; and further that "Mr. Putnam 
be desired to give such directions about the finishing of the 
meeting-house as will be attended with least cost to the pro- 
priety and make it comfortable for public worship."! 

In 1755, the inhabitants petitioned the proprietors that they 
might have a settled minister, or pay for preaching granted 
them. After duly considering the request, the proprietors in- 

» Clark's S. C, p. 43. f Prop's- Rec'ds, 1754. 


structed their clerk, Benjamin Lynde, to write the following 
letter : 

" To the Inhabitants of the Township of Ivyndeborough, 

The Committee of the Propriety met together on your petition for 
having the Preaching of the Gospel continued among them, & consider- 
ing your earnest request, (with which they are well pleased) & the 
advantage it may be to the spiritual & temporal interest of the Town, 
have resolved to allow to such Gospel minister as you shall get to preach 
for the three following months. Six Pounds, ten shillings, Old Tenor, 
for every {Sabbath after the 25th, of the instant month, 

I am in the name 

Your Assured Friend, 

B. Lynde. 
Sai,em 25, Dec. 1755. 

Again, at a meeting of the committee May 16, 1756, it was 
agreed to write and send the following letter to the inhabitants : 

" I am desired by the Proprietors' Committee to acquaint you that at 
their meeting at your request of the 13th. instant, they have resolved to 
continue the £(i 10 shillings our Old Tenor, for the preaching the Gospel 
among you for 26 Sabbaths from the 25th. of March last — which is 
what they conclude best, considering the difficult circumstances of 
affairs at present in New England." 

I am Your Assured Friend, 

B. Lynde. 

At the proprietors' meeting on the 4th of January 1757, 
Daniel Epps Jr. Esq. was chosen Clerk, and Benjamin Lynde 
Esq. treasurer for the ' ' Propriety. ' ' Voted also that ' ' there be a 
committee of 5 persons to manage the affairs of the Township ; " 
and that they or a majority of them "call future meetings of 
the Propriety." The members of this committee were Hon. 
B. Lynde, Esq., Hon. Benjamin Pickman, Esq., Deacon Jn°. 
Bickford, Daniel Epps, Jr. Esq., and Mr. B. Goodhue. 

The meeting was adjourned to the next day, at which time 
they took into consideration the petition of John Johnson and 
others, a committee appointed by the society at Lyndeborough 
to make application for the settlement of a gospel minister 
among them. It was voted ' ' That for the encouragement of 
an Orthodox Minister'settling among said people, there shall be 
paid out of the Proprietors' Treasury, the sura of Forty Pounds, 
Lawful Money, in the following manner, viz.. Thirteen Pound 
six shillings & eight pence the first year after his ordination ; 
& the like sum the second 3'ear ; and the remaining sum of 
i3/^-6s.-8d. at the expiration of the third year ; He continuing 
in said capacity, with said people so long." " Also voted, that 


as a farther encouragement, there be paid to the order of the 
said Society the sum of Forty Pounds annually, for and towards 
such minister's yearly salary."* 

The proprietors were generous in their appropriations to en- 
courage and assist the town. They were careful, not churlish, 
in expending their money. They aimed to develop it and pre- 
serve its unity of interest and friendly intercourse. Hence, 
although ready to contribute liberally toward the erection of the 
required and much desired house of public worship, we find 
them reluctant to expend money while heated disputes existed 
as to the site most 'convenient and suitable for its location. 
They therefore voted again that the sum appropriated ' ' toward 
the building of the meeting-house be not paid until three- 
quarters of the settlers of the township have agreed on the 
same place, and the committee be certified of the same by a 
writing from under their hands." Thus their funds were given 
to promote harmony, not to foster contention. These appropria- 
tions were voted when the people were preparing to settle their 
first pastor, Mr. John Rand. He remained with them but a 
few years. But after his departure, the proprietors' committee, 
Nov. 17, 1762, agreed " that Mr. Rand be paid his third or last 
year's settlement; " and also " that his salary be allowed him 
to the 7th of April last." Thus year after year the}'' continued 
to aid and encourage the settlers. 

" In October, before Rev. John Rand was settled, the society 
voted, — t 

' ' That the meeting-house shall be set on the road that goes 
from the beaver pond bridge to Jonathan Cram's, Jun., on a 
place called the Rocky Hill not further from a place called 
Rocky ledge, on the road to the lower corner of the town so 
called, than the bridge is." 

The next year, December 7, 1758, the society record reads: 

"Bound ourselves to build a meeting-house on Rev. John 
Rand's lot lying east of Jonathan Cram's Jun., not exceeding 
forty rods from the southwest corner of said lot." 

" According to these votes, the second meeting-house was 
located in the field east of where Mrs. Benjamin Button, a 
granddaughter of Rev. John Rand, now lives, on the road from 
the center of the town to Johnson Corner." + 

No undue attention has been devoted to this matter of the 
meeting-house, although our treatment of it may savor some- 

•Records for 1757. t Rev. K, G. Clark, Salem-Canada, p. 43. t Clark, p. 43, 


what of an ecclesiastical form. The story of the meeting- 
house will be found a real, substantial part of the civil history 
of the town. For there was a distinct attempt to blend both 
civil and religious interests under the same code of regulations 
and the same board of executive officers, in the government of 
Massachusetts Bay. This blending, also, is discernible in the 
early charters issued by that government. The puritan idea of 
building a meeting-house, and settling "a pious learned and 
orthodox minister " in ever}^ town, supported by a tax levied on 
all the inhabitants, was an almost invariable rule and require- 
ment in securing a charter. Nor was the rule a bad one for the 
times. The Masonian proprietors as well as the Royal Govern- 
ors of New Hampshire retained the same regulations, even 
after the separation of the provinces. The erection of "a good 
and sufficient house for the public worship of God," usually 
within three years from the reception of the charter, was made 
one of the indispensable conditions of retaining it, and this con- 
dition was unaltered even after our province was freed from the 
political domination of Massachusetts. Hence, caring for the 
religious interests of the town, was made by its charter as much 
a part of civic duty as fostering any other department of its 
enterprise. We have for this reason endeavored to give due 
space and attention to the progress made in securing the meet- 

Disturbing Infi,uences. 

The influences which disturbed the town came mainly, though 
not wholly, from without. The old Salem-Canada proprietors 
who were still land-holders in Lyndeborough continued to hold 
their meetings as aforetimes. They met generally at the Inn of 
Mrs. Pratt, in Salem, Mass., though occasionally elsewhere, as 
convenience or interest dictated. * The notices of their meet- 
ings were posted in public places in Salem and Marblehead, 
Mass., where most of them resided. A notice was put up in 
Chelmsford, Mass., for the benefit of the one proprietor who 
lived there, and one was also sent to one of the principal inhab- 
itants of Lyndeborough. All were to be posted at least ten 
days before the day of meeting; and the matters to be con- 
sidered were specified as in the warrants for our town meetings. 
In the year 1759, they voted, that instead of the usual method 

*See Records of 1772. 


for notifying meetings, a notice might be given in at least two 
of the Boston newspapers. 

One of the troublesome things in those early days was de- 
linquency in paying taxes. Then, as now, lands could be sold 
to satisfy such demands against their owners. For certain acts 
of neglect, the penalty was forfeiture of title. But the proprie- 
tors were very lenient, if not lax. They practised great for- 
bearance towards the settlers. Penalties were not rigorously 
enforced. Land sold for taxes might generally be redeemed 
when payment was made. A commendable friendliness 
governed their action in many such cases. But, despite all 
this, they did not enjoy unalloyed happiness. 

The disturbance created by the cutting away of a portion of 
the old township of Salem-Canada, in order to form township 
No. 2, cannot now be fully comprehended. And instead of this 
disturbance subsiding and disappearing, it proved rather, like 
Banquo's ghost, which would not down at a fancied superior's 
bidding. It kept repeating its annoyances. 

Consequently, a meeting was called for Jan. 4, 1756, one 
article of which contemplated the appointment of a committee to 
effect the fulfilment of the conditions required by the charter ; 
to have the lands described continued, and to direct in making 
allowances to those who have had part of their allotments taken 
off. About twenty of the old proprietors and settlers had por- 
tions of their lots cut off, for which they were to receive allow- 
ances. This required the making of new surveys and the 
running of new lines, all of which not only increased the ex- 
penses of the town, but also increased the inconveniences of 
those whose farms had been invaded. There maj' have been no 
mtitilatio7i in this ; but there was something very like mutiny in 
consequence of it. There was intense and choking indignation, 
all the more, that there was no proper, available means of re- 
dress. They must swallow their wrath, and adjust matters 
which could be adjusted, as fully as they had the power. To 
this they devoted themselves.* 

But in assigning lauds to compensate for losses, they were 
obliged to lay these out, not on lands immediate]}'- adjoining 
those of the losers, but on lands in other parts of the town. The 
inconvenience to the owners must be manifest at once. But 
that was not all. 

The survey made by Robert Fletcher at the north part of the 

* Records, 1760. 


town fell short about a half a mile of what Mr. Fletcher called 
it. So great were his errors, indeed, that his whole survey of 
that section was set aside ; and Osgood Carleton was engaged to 
make a new one, at the town's expense. This came in less than 
twenty years after they had borne the expense of Fletcher's 
warped and faulty one. 

One plan of Mr. Fletcher's survey was attested by him as, 
^^ well boiuided & truly described.'' But it was endorsed by 
another hand as, " Wrong in Almost every part ; is almost a Mile 
Wider than it really is." 

If, then, the land fell short nearly a half a mile in measure 
from north to south, on the north side of the town, and again 
fell short almost a mile in measure from east to west, it is easy 
to see that purchasers must have paid for many acres which they 
did not receive. Relying on the sworn statements of the sur- 
veyor, Robert Fletcher, the committee of the Salem-Canada 
proprietors accepted the plan of Lyndeborough which he pre- 
sented. His errors were not discovered until encroachments 
began to be made by settlers on adjoining lands on the north, 
whose deeds had been received from Col. Wallingford, one of 
the grand proprietors. The deeds clearly entitled them to the 
land on which they had entered, had their deeds been valid. 
But lyyndeborough had the land prior to the date of Walling- 
ford's titles given to those settlers. But these had already 
begun to clear the land and were quite reluctant to withdraw 
from it. Not till crowded by these trespassers, as Lyndebor- 
ough people called them, did they learn how great was the 
deficiency in their acreage. 

Appropriate to this matter is the letter of John Gofie,* dated, 

" Derr^'field Apriel 29 1774. 
Honnored Sirs the Lines of your Sosiety land are so hard to be 
found that the people that have purchesed cannot find the Exact 
Spot there land is on and they Complain one incroches upon an 
others land and som are Liable to loose there labour therfore 
they pray your Hon'^ would order the lins to be Run anew so 
that Every one may know their own lines & I am sure it is best 
for you to have Run Speedely for the old lines are So Grown out 
that they Cant be followed & it is said that a great part of them 
lines never were Run."t 

This from the old hero, Col. Goffe, states the situation 

♦Batch. XXVIII., 415. t Cf. Batch., XXVUI, 261. 


familiarly and forcefully. Now the lyyndeborough proprietors 
had no relish for such encroachments. It was the discovery of 
the frauds which led to them, that incited Judge Lynde to have 
a resurvey made of the different portions of the town. This 
survey, however, availed very little, as will appear later. The 
most that was accomplished by it, was to convince the settlers 
that they were grievously cheated out of their just rights. 

Plan of Salem-Canada Lots. 
The plan of the first lots seems to have been made as follows : 
* " Each proprietor, after paying into the treasury four 
pounds, drew a home lot of sixty acres, and then drew two lots of 
one hundred and thirty acres each, on paying four pounds more 
to defray the necessary expenses of surveying and marking the 
lots, t There were one hundred and twenty-seven Second Divis- 
ion Lots, two for each proprietor, two for the first settled min- 
ister, two for the support of the ministry, two for schools, and one 
for a mill lot." 

The first division, or home lots, contained sixty acres each, 
were located in the southeast part of the town, and their eastern 
range adjoined Souhegan West, now Amherst. The second 
division lots commenced at the west side of the home lots, on 
the south line of the town, and were from east to west i6o rods 
long, and from north to south 130 rods wide. The numbering 
of these commenced at their southeast corner, and the tier next 
to the south line had seven lots. Number seven was in the 
southwest corner of the town, and adjoining it on the north was 
number eight, the lov/est number of the second tier, whicfl 
ended at the home lots with number fourteen ; directly north of 
this again was number fifteen, which commenced the third tier, 
which continued its course west to twenty-one, north of which 
again came twenty-two, and so on to twenty-eight. Those four 
tiers of lots were taken away to make township No. 2. The 
numbering continued thus, rising from one to 126. Each 
owner of a right could draw two of these large lots in addition to 
his home lot. A regular time was appointed for drawing the 
lots, when each owner could draw his own share, or authorize 
some one else to draw for him, — or the majority of the grantees 
present could select some one to draw in his place. Thus, were 
the various lots distributed in old Salem-Canada. 

* Clark, p. g. 
t " This seems a large sum to pay for expenses, but it was the old tenor money or 
paper, which was not worth a third of its face value." 


The Lyndeborough Arrangement. 

The arrangement already considered was, of course, greatly 
disturbed after the Masonian proprietors came into possession. 
A tract of land five miles long from east to west, and one and a 
half miles wide, from north to south, was cut off from the south 
end of our town, a thing which did not, however, interfere 
materially with the old numbering of the rest of the farms. 
Twenty-eight of the second division lots of 130 acres each were 
thus taken away to form township No. 2. But as if to increase 
confusion and disturb all former plans of ownership, the grand 
proprietors laid out their own reservations in various parts of 
the town. Nineteen lots of two hundred acres each were set off 
into two ranges, on the west side of the town. A farm of 500 
acres was reserved on the southwest corner ; one of 150 acres at 
the northeast corner ; another of 150 acres near the centre ; and 
several others in the northwest and in the eastern portions of 
the town. More than ten thousand acres were thus severed 
from their former connection, and from an ownership enjoyed by 
the Salem- Canada grantees for more than eighteen years under 
the authority of Massachusetts. Great disturbance must obvi- 
ously result from so changed a situation. The Masonian own- 
ers reserved for their own interests one-fourth of the territory, 
and that was to be free from all taxes and other charges, until 
improved by themselves, or by those who should hold titles from 
them. This territory had been granted to the Salem-Cauada 
proprietors in consideration of hard unremunerated service, ren- 
dered by some of them or b}' their fathers, in the disastrous ex- 
pedition of 1690. Of this hardly-earned patrimony they were 
despoiled by the purchasers of Mason's claim. But still further, 
they suffered from trespassers on their remaining acreage, and 
were defrauded in the measurements of estates for which they 
had paid roundly. 

The Commons, or Common L/Ands. 

After Benjamin Lynde, Esq., and the thirty others associated 
with him had received the charter of L,yndeborough from the 
Masonian proprietors, and all the proprietors and settlers had re- 
ceived their portions, there was still quite a large quantity of 
unoccupied town land. This was called common or undivided 
land. If, from time to time, a farm was sold out of this terri- 
tory, the price received was put into the common treasury of the 
corporation to defray general expenses. Lands forfeited for 


failure to comply with the conditions of the charter, might thus 
be added to the common lands, and would revert to the grantees. 
This land was lying waste, unproductiv^e, unfenccd and untilled. 
It seemed rather to challenge than invite trespassers, and at 
times the challenge was accepted. It was no easy task to master 
all the diflEiculties and despite all the trials to secure general 

Classes of Proprietors. 

I. John Mason was the original owner of New Hampshire by 
grant from the King of England. From him the title, disputed 
long with great acrimony and opposition, descended to his heir 
of the sixth generation, Col. JohnTufton Mason, born in Boston. 
Mass., Apr. 29, 1713. This heir of Mason's entire claim to the 
soil of New Hampshire sold his right and title to a company of 
gentlemen in Portsmouth. The propert}' was divided by them 
into fifteen equal shares. Of these, three were purchased by 
Theodore Atkinson, two by Mark Hunking Wentworth, and one 
each by Richard Wibird, John Wentworth (son of Governor), 
George Jaffrey, Nathaniel Meserve, Thomas Parker, Thomas 
Wallingford, Jothan Odiorne, Joshua Pierce, Samuel Moore and 
John Moffatt. These were called the Masonian Proprietors and 
sometimes, the " Lord Proprietors or Grand Proprietors." Their 
title from Mason was decided to be valid, and all other titles so 
called were thus annulled or made void. 

The Canada Proprietors. 

II. These were persons to wdiom the Government of Massachu- 
setts had made grants of land for special services rendered either 
in the army or navy. Thus the survivors of certain military 
expeditions or campaigns, or the heirs of such as perished in 
them, or had died subsequently, received special consideration 
in such grants. So a tract of land on the Souhegan River was 
granted to the heirs of those who fought in the Narragansett 
War. This township was called Souhegan West, or Narragan- 
sett No. 3, which was later called Amherst. In like manner, 
men who engaged in the Canada expedition of 1690, from the 
towns of Ipswich, Rowley, Salem, etc., received grants which at 
first bore the names of their several towns, for instance, Ipswich- 
Canada, Rowley-Canada, vSalem-Cadada, which became respect- 
ively New Ipswich, Rindge and Lyndeborough. The persons 
who were fortunate enough to obtain such grants, sharing 


equally in them, were the proprietors of the towns so granted. 
Those of our town were called the Salem-Canada proprietors. 
At a later day they were compelled to procure titles to their 
farms and estates from the Masonian proprietors, or lose their 
lands and improvements. Benjamin Lynde, Jr., Ksq., was the 
largest stockholder in the town, which in honor of him was 
called Lynde's Borough, or as now written Lyndeborough.* 

But many of the early proprietors became such by purchase. 
People whose ancestors had been in the Canada expedition of 
1690 inherited rights which they drew as members of their pos- 
terity ; but they preferred to vsell them rather than settle on 
them. The purchasers of such rights were entitled to all the 
privileges and advantages arising from them ; and it was in this 
way that many became proprietors in the town. Men possess- 
ing large wealth invested their money in the new lands and sold 
them again as the opportunity came for a profitable sale. The 
majority of those who thus owned the original lots never lived 
in Lyndeborough. There were some honored exceptions. 
Among these may be named the Epps families and connections, 
the Stephensons, Goulds, Putnams and others. 

III. The larger number of the inhabitants of the town were 
not, however, i^roperly speaking, proprietors or share holders in 
its territory. These bought farms on which they settled and 
built their homes and reared their families. Such were propri- 
etors only of their own holdings, and not strictly town proprie- 

Attempts at Pacification. 

It was no easy matter to secure just rights and maintain har- 
mony. At the meeting of the Ivyndeborough proprietors, held 
at Salem, Mass., April 21, 1768, they voted, 

That John Shepard Jr. Esq., Capt. Jonathan Cram, and Capt. 
John Stephenson be " a committee to consider and report what 
allowance should be made to Adam Johnson, John Carkin, and 
Joseph Wilkins, for their home lots being short of measure." 
This committee reported fully Oct. 15, 1774, that Adam John- 
son's land was short 16 acres, and as it was good land, recom- 
mended that a tract of 37 acres of poorer quality be given him 
in its stead. John Carkin's land fell .short more than 13 acres, 
and they recommended that 17 acres be given him to compen- 
sate for it. Joseph Wilkins was short of his measure about 9 

*Diary of Benj. r,ynde. p. 14S, note. 


acres and it was recommended to give him a tract of 29 acres to 
make good his shortage. But the committee stated, that " the 
last mentioned tract is excessive poor." This report was finally 
approved by the proprietors, in Dec, 1782, and the tracts of 
land specified were assigned to the several settlers named. 


The Letters of Benjamin Lynde and Others. 

These letters were among the papers of Mr. David C. Grant, 
who seems to have procured them from the Hon. Ezra S. 
Sterns, Secretary of State. They are all now printed in the 
State Papers edited by Mr. Albert Stillman Batchellor, Vol. 
XXVII, pp. 412-436. 

These letters are given in full, that the reader may learn from 
the honored Judge himself, the complications induced by the 
grand proprietors of Mason's right. They are numbered, .so 
that they may stand in chronological order, when printed, as 
given in the State Papers mentioned above. 

No. I. 

The deposition of Robert Fletcher, surveyor. 

I, Robert Fletcher, Ej-^ed about 42 years, testify and say that I was the 
surveyor who with Samuel Butterfield and others laid out to y* several 
proprietors who hold under Jn". Tufton Mason, Esq. the tract of land 
called the Society Land or Reserved Lands, their particular lots 1753. 
That the lot number eight which fell to Esq. Walliugsford on the east 
end began at a black oak which is the u. e. corner of number eight, the 
line runs south one mile on the head of New Boston Addition Line to an 
hemlock tree which is the north-east corner of Lyndeborough Addition, 
which was made by order of Col° Blanchard A. D. 1753 from thence it 
runs west three miles and eighty rods on Lyndeborough to a black oak, 
thence turning at a right angle and runs south one mile and 120 rods to a 
white pine being the extent of No. 8 southward and is in direct line east 
with Peterboro' north line. 

I was also the surveyor that by order of Col" Blanchard made the 
Addition to Lyndeborough and planned the same agreeable to which the 
charter was drawn, and at the north-west corner of the town y* Addition 
No. was made from the southwest corner of New Boston Addition and 
was to run No. on that head line one mile and one-half to a hemlock 
tree in the said head line of New Boston Addition, and I know it was 
intended y' Lyndeborough should extend so far north until it came to y* 
aforesaid hemlock, which is one mile south of the black oak at the 
northeast corner of no. eight, and one mile and half north of y^ south- 
west corner of New Boston Addition. That sometime in the spring of 
the year 1766 I informed Mr. Wm. Dickey, one of the purchasers of the 
lot no. eight of the bounds as above mentioned, who told me that he 


(saitl Dickey) and others were about purchasing this lot no. eight and 
that he came to me to enquire about the bounds. Robt. P'letcher. 

Essex ss. Salem 9 Febry 1770. 
Then the above named Robt. Fletcher made oath to the truth of the 
above deposition by him subscribed and the same is taken to lie, "in 
perpetuam rei memoriam." 

Jurat Coram, And'' Oliver, Justicus Pacem 
Wm. Browne, Quorum Unus. 

No. II. 

This letter is dated : Salem, May 28, 1773, and is addressed 
to Honorable Geo. Jaffrey Esq., who was then clerk of the 
Masonian proprietors. 

Salem May 28th,, 1773. 
Honble Sir : 

With this you will have a new survey and laying out of eight 
grand proprietors lots by Mr. Osgood Carleton April 1773 at the no. west 
of Lyndeborough ; these with eight before laid out on Amherst line and 
near the same lots by Jn°. Sheppard, Esq.; make sixteen only, the 
number directed without any for the three lawyers. These being at the 
n. w. corner and beyond the mountains are 150 to 160 acres as the other 
are near the inhabitants. The lots laid out by Jn°. Sheppard are lost by 
the encroachuaeut of the seventeen Derry men who bought of Col° 
Wallingsford, who claim half a mile further south than the bounds in 
his deed gives them, and take half a mile which our charter gives us in 
plain words. You have also the reform of the survey of the 19 grand 
lots laid out by Mr. Fletcher 1759 which was erroneous in not making 
allowance for the variation of the compass from the ist. running 1736, 
whereby the northern lots were above 100 rods short thro the width. 
This now is rectified, and the bounds at the corner of each lot ascer- 
tained on the plan, without which it was impossible for any grand pro- 
prietor to have found his certain lots. This has been attended with a 
great deal of charge to us, but absolutely necessary and best to be settled 
right before improvements come to be made. I wish, sir, that the pro- 
prietors, with you, would draw for the 16 lots that they may know how 
to sell (if they incline to it) and accommodate such as come to settle. 
I am sir, with great respect. 

Your most obedt. and humbl. servant, 

Benj. Lynde. 
Honble Geo. Jaffrey, Esq. 

No. III. 
This was evidently addressed to the person named in No. II. 
The remaining letters up to No, IX seem to need no caption, 
as they are self-explanatory. 

Salem, 28 July, 1773. 
Honble Sir : 

Your favors of the 23 I received last night ; I tind it goes 

intirely on a mistake — as tho the Masonian Proprietors had not the 


(juaiitity of land reserved for them in their charter. That was 6066 acres 
Anno 1759 there was laid out for them nineteen lots each of 200 acres, 
makes 3800 acres these they drew for in July 1760. In 1766 there was 
laid out by Jn°. Sheppard Jun. eight lots on Amherst line each contain- 
ing 130 acres, is 1040 acres more. These being nearer Amherst and 
supposed better were not so large as those at a distance. In 1768 Mr. 
Sheppard laid out the eight lots in the Addition made to Lyudeborough 
which being at a greater distance were larger, viz. 150 to 170 acres. The 
seventeen Derrymen by virtue of their purchase from Wallingsford 
whose deed gives them only one mile on New Boston, made an encroach- 
ment of half a mile further tho they were told by Mr. Fletcher, Esq. to 
whom they applied, before they bought, how far Wallingford came 
south and that he had only one mile on the head of New Boston. This 
broke up the allotment of Esq. Sheppard, put us to a much greater 
charge for examinging and to measure Wallingford great lot, with fixing 
it by his deed and other evidence. This cost us 15 or 16 pounds L,. M. 
and now Carleton laying out in 1773 also. All this has been the charge 
of the grantees and tho they have some hundred of acres taken from 
them, yet the Grand Proprietors have the whole of their reservation and 
10 or 12 acres more. These eight lots are generally the best land tho 
further distant. What I proposed was the drawing for the eight lots laid 
out in 1766 of 130 acres each with the eight lots laid out by Carleton 1773 
of 150 acres each. If I omitted the plan of the eight lots laid out 1766 
when I sent the other eight lots of Carleton it was a mistake and is sent 

I also transmit you Mr. Fletcher's deposition taken "in perpetuam " 
and to show the grand Proprietors the unreasonableness of the Derry 
men's encroachments. Should the land between Peterboro' and L,ynde- 
boro' be offered for sale tho' it's chiefly mountainous and hilly, I should 
be glad to have the refusal of it and would make as good pay as any- 
I am, with my best regard to the proprietors, sir. 

Your and their most obedt. humbl. servt. 

Benja. Lynde.* 

Salem Sept. 2, 1773. 
Honble Sir: 

I am favored with yours of the i8th. of August, in answer to 
which let me assure you, that as I take it there will none of those lots 
laid out by Carleton be infringed on by the Derry men's encroachments. 
I have two shares in the 16 lots now to be drawn, my own interest there- 
fore would have led me to take care that those lots should be clear from 
encroachment. I am sorry to find that Francestown laps on Lyude- 
borough. I suppose the charter of incorporation is the same with the 
Proprietors charter from Col° Blanchard 1753 which makes Lyude- 
borough to run from the southwest corner of New Boston Addition one 

"This letter has no address on the outside. On the back it is minuted: 
Benja I.ynde July 2S 1773 

S: Plans. 
Osgood Carltons Plan of 
Proprietors 2d Division in Lyndeboro' 
and Sheppards Plan of Proprs 
2d Division in Lyndeboro' 


mile and half on the head line of said addition. This leaves for Wal- 
liugford uo. 8 one mile to the red oak which is in the n. e. corner of his lot 
as it's Odiorne's s. e. corner bound. Yet these Irish, tho' Col" Wal- 
lingford's deed to them is only one mile from said red oak south, they 
have stretched it to one mile and half, large measure. 

Mr. Pierce's illness may prevent his attending when you draw your 
lots I should therefore be obliged to you if you would please to draw for 
my two rights bought of Col" Blanchard viz. one that was Meservy, 
Green and his, and one he had as agent of the Grand Proprietors. 

With regard to the strip between Lyndeborough and Peterborough I 
knew very little about it. I am told towards the south a great part of it 
is rocky and mountainous, other parts may be tolerable ; but it's only 
because it is adjoining to Lyndeborough that I would buy it if it was 
sold a penny worth. I should be glad to hear what the quantity is and 
what it will fetch in cash. I am, sir, with respect to the Compn. 
Your and their most humbl. servant, 

Benja Lynde. 

The Honorable George Jaffre}', Esq. 

Sept. 5, 1773. 
Since finishing the other side Mr. David Chandler has been with me 
and tells me Mr. Esq. Sheppard has measured the strip, of the proprie- 
tors land by Duxbury school farm and its measure is six hundred and 
odd acres, makes but 42 or 43 acres to 1/15. Yet Mr. Pierce about 10 
years ago writes me that Col° Blanchard (as he understood by his son) 
was to have 8 miles of that strip on the south part, the remainder sup- 
posed to be I mile and half was divided and lotted out and made 53 acres 
to 1/15 at which rate I bought and paid for Col° March's part. His 
letter Mr. Chandler has for your perusal. I am, sir. 

Your most obedt servant, 

B. Lynde. 

Danvers 25th. April 1774. 
Rouble Sir: 

Your favors of 24th. December past I received and was in 
hopes 'ere this to have heard you had drawn for the lots laid out to the 
Grand Proprietors. I should have been glad also to have had Capn. 
Flatcher's original testimony returned recorded with what I am Indebted 
for it as I suppose you have a register chosen. 

I am told you have lately advertised two pieces of laud adjoining on 
L,yndeborough and that one is the supposed Gore between that town and 
the Derry men. I should have been very glad to have known its 
description and contents, one of your news papers might sufficiently do 
that if you could send me one unless they are not so particular as your 
book. We have spent several hundred pounds on ascertaining the addi- 
tion made to Salem Canada by Col° Blanchard and Fletcher. 

I have myself taken more pains about it than I would again for 20 
pounds lawful money. In my letter of lotli. Novr. I mentioned to you 
an affair of Mr. Qiglig viz. his demand for paying witnesses on a tres- 
pass on Mr. Hancock and my society lot no. 2 which as I knew nothing 


of, I supposed was a general charge but I promised to write you and 
have your advice thereon which should be much obliged to you for, 
I am, sir, 

Your most obedt. servant, 

Benj. Lynde. 

The Honorable George Jaffrey, Esq. 

Portsmo. June 15th. 1774. Joshua Holt and Jn" Abbot 4th, both of 
Andover in y'^ Province of Massachusetts agrees to purchase of the 
Proprietors the strip of land between Peterborough and Lyndeborough 
and to pay four shillings per acre for the same part of y* sum on having 
y* grant y* remainder in September next to pay interest till paid and 
they will be in this town by a month from this date to receive y* grant. 

Joshua Holt, 
John Abbot 4th. 

Jn°. Sheppard, Esq. : 

The Proprietors of the lands purchased of Jn". Tufton Mason 
Esq. are about making a conveyance of a strip of land to Messrs Holt, 
Abbot and etc. and to be conveyed by y** acre. We had a plan thereof 
made by Osgood Carleton for ascertaining y^ quantity of land in their 
tract y* certainty of which those persons are in some doubt and are 
desirous of having y* same surveyed again, and we are consenting hav- 
ing reason to think that tract of land contains more acres than men- 
tioned in Osgoods plan. As the proprietors have great confidence in 
your integrity and skill have requested your favors to undertake y* 
survey and return a plan of the same to us. That is that you will as 
soon as you can conveniently make a survey of the said strip, to begin 
at the northwest corner of Borland's farm so called and run by the 
northerly line thereof to the west line of Lyndeborough and on the said 
line to the south line of the Society land so called, then by that line till 
it meets the northeasterly corner of Peterborough, then by that line to 
the bounds began at. The course of the westerly side line of Lynde- 
borough and easterly side line of Peterborough are north by y* needle, 
granted in the year 1753 or thereabouts. It is desired you will be as 
exact as you can in y^ admeasurement and contents of the land. For 
your assistance we enclose you Carleton's plan of the strip and y* plan 
of Borland's farm by which you will see the form and contents, which 
you'll see if it contains no more than 400 acres. The persons who apply 
to you for making the survey will pay you for the same and plan which 
send to us under your cover. 

In behalf of proprietors, 

G. J. P. Clerk. 

Portsmo. July 16, 1774. 

Portsmo. July 15th. 1774. 
Then agreed with Mason's Proprietors that as were requested a survey 
of y* strip of lands between Lyndeborough and Peterborough, which is to 
taken by Jn** Sheppard, Esq. that we will pay y* cost and charge of 
y* survey and plan. Joshua Holt, 

John Abbot, 4th. 


Ipswitch Hamlet, 7 Decembr, 1775 
Rouble Sir : 

It is now several months since I have been favored with any- 
thing from you perhaps the difficulty of the times has occasioned it. The 
damage of having our commons lie open to all trespassers as well as good 
settlers stopped from coming into the town obliges me to. ask the trouble 
of your urging the proprietors to pass on and accept Mr. Carleton's plan 
of 1773 and then draw for the several lots, that we may know our own 
and devide the small remains of commons. Had Mr. Robt. Fletcher laid 
the grand lots out right 1759 with the boundary mark at the corner of 
each lot, all this charge and delay would have been prevented. Mr. 
Sheppard was sensible of this 9 or 10 years ago, and you will readily find 
Fletcher's errors by looking into his plan of the Grand Proprietors Lots 
returned to you 1759, in that he makes J. Wentworth, Mr. Vybird and 
Peirces No. 3, two hundred acre lots to be 275 poles long from his farm to 
the west line, whereas Esq. Sheppard in 175S find, on exact measure but 
153 poles from Fletcher's farm (he had from Col" Blanchard) to our 
west line. This with the three other arguments hinted at in mine of 
Decemr. 1773 and Febry. 1774 must fully satisfy every unprejudiced per- 
son that our west line is as far as we carry it. I must beg the favor of an 
answer and with great respect, 

Am, sir, your most obedt. servt. 

Benja. Lynde. 

Hon. G. Jaffrey, Esq. 

Ipswich Hamlet 27th Dec. 1775. 
Honble. Sir : 

Your favors of the 21 instant I received. As I have had consider- 
able leisure I have carefully looked over my papers relative to Lyudebor- 
ough and am pretty well sure no letters of yours came to my hand of a later 
date than 6 F'eby. 75 nor do I find I had wrote you after said February. 
Times have been such as that no private business could be followed, but 
now it becomes necessary or our wood and timber will be all stolen from 
us. In the letter I wrote first about the lands between Lyndeboro' and 
Peterboro, I then acquainted your propriety that it would be better for 
us to pay the loss than be at. the charge of new laying out and marking 
the lots. I have more than \ of our commons, and I now say the same. 
This the mind of all of us. As we have laid out the lots, we were to get 
done the small remains of our commons we must devide and not let it lay 
longer. If we have entered on the Grand Proprietors interest (which I 
am sure is not so) we will submit it to three persons to judge how much 
we have encroached and pay for as much as we have over. Sir, although 
I might write you that Mr. Holt had told me they had bought from Mr. 
Borland's farm 1300 acres as far as to N end of Lyndeborough yet I sup- 
pose that was a mistake as Peter boro' goes not so far north as Lynde- 
borough by more than 200 rods on the west line. If so, they leave a piece 
of your pine land of your 1000 acres reserved in Wallingford lot no. 8. I 
beg you would ask Dr. Rogers or some that transacted the affair and 
please to write me how far north the strip runs ? How wide it is at the 
north end ? And as near as they can the quantity of the tract sold ? I 
send you a copy of one attested by you, of Capt. R" Fletcher return of y* 


200 acre lots laid out 1759 by which you find the 3 lots lying west from 
his lot nieasure<l 275 rods whereas we desire only 260 rods from his lot to 
our west line. I am with great respect, sir, 

Your most obedt. servant, 

Benja Lynde. 

The Ilonble. George J affrey Esq. 

at Portsmouth, New Hampshire. 

Salem 30 Jan'y 1779. 
Hon'ble Sir 

I have the Pleasure of yours of the 5th Ins,t acquainting me 
that y"^ Proprietors have drawn their 2d devision rights in Lyndeboro' 
but you have wholly mistaken the Two rights I claim The one of which 
was Col" Blanchard for settling the Interest & agreing with the agents 
of the Massachusetts — the other was what I bought of his from the 
right of Merservy Green & Blanchards. & Blanchard on division had 
the share in Lyndeboro' so that there should have been 16 shares with 
that given to Col° Blanchard for settling. 

I had no part of Soly & March's share that as Colo. March told me was 
his cousin Woodbridge's as the 200 acres No. 16. 

I can say nothing of your 200 acre formerly or your Draft now. 

I Wonder none of the Proprietors should remember that Col° Blanch- 
ards assigns were to have a right as agent. My letter of vSept 1773 men- 
tioned your drawing for my Two Rights I bought of Col° Blanchard 
viz : on one as agent for the Proprietors & the other for Meservy Green 
& Blanchard I believe the i6th lot or No 5 in Sheppard plan is where 
the land is poor & none would choose it. I should not like it for one of 
Blanchards unless it is by a new lott I should be glad to know Wether 
your state in the Tax Act for selling nonresident lands gave a liberty of 
Redeeming Lands with paying double Interest & costs a Privilege 
granted in the Massachusetts State. Should it be otherwise I dout see 
but that for a trifling tax a man may be divested of his Land by the 
vendors cutting & carrying off the Timber & Wood worth more than y* 
land itself. 

I am with respects Hon Sir, 

Your most obedient 

Benj'n Lynde* 

Salem 30 April 1779. 
Honble. Sir : 

Yours of the 26 of Febry after laying at the tavern at last came 

to hand. It fills me with great surprise. That after a fair purchase of 

Col" Blanchard's heirs on 6th. April 1759 recorded with you, I should 

meet with such loss. I was present at your meeting on y* 7th. July 1760 

and then drew for Col" Blanchard No, i and five, two lots and then 

mentioned that we had given him one hundred pounds cash and 500 

acres of land out of the settlers part for good terms, and when I wrote 

Mr. Peirce deceased he writes Col" Blanchard agreed to have a right 

thro' out in every town he, as agent for the Masonian Proprietary settled 

with the Massachusetts men. Nor was there at the meeting any the 

least objection to his two rights. The Ilonble. Col" Atkinson, the 

* Addressed on outside to George Jaffrey, 


Honble. Mr. Wentworth, Mr. Peirce and yourself, as I perfectly remem- 
ber, were at said meetiug. The proposal of omitting the said lots was 
from myself to Mr. Peirce, supposing that 3 gentlemen had each of them 
200 acres in the ist. division, they might be contented with it as they 
never did anything for that town, and he writes me you were all of that 
opinion. I cant but think it very hard that when I askt. your drawing 
mj' two lots and particular mention who I. had them of in my letter 
Sept. 1773 that you would draw my two rights bought of Col° Blanchard 
viz. one as he was agent for the proprietors and the other for his, 
Meservy and Green's right. So also when there was some difficulty about 
the location I. then wrote you as clerk that as I had two rights in the 
16 lots it was my high concern and then also mention for whom. Also in 
my letter to the Honble. Mr. Peirce in the fall of 1769 I write who my 
rights were from, one from Col" Blanchard as agent and one more from 
him, Meservy and. etc, — sometime after Deer. 1761 he had mentioned my 
proposal to the proprietors and they all agreed to it. 

Mr. Meservy in answer to a letter I wrote of the 26 Oct. 1761 writes me 
that at a meeting the proprietors were full with me in sentiment, that the 
two hundred acres already allotted to the three gentlemen of the law was 
sufficient. In the same letter he writes that the power to dispose of lands 
in Lyndeboro' was discretionary in Col° Blanchard, and goes on in that 
strain, then says " We imagine that the lands he disposed of was as nitich 
out 0/ the Proprietors reach as if they had conveyed it themselves.^' This 
was the apprehension, then, and now to be disputed can be neither just 
or fair with a legal or honest purchaser who ought not to be thrust out 
of his right in such a manner. 

It is very hard that when by my proposal each one is so advanced in 
their interest, I only must be the sufferer. Surely my letter of y* 14th. 
October. 1778 where I. wrote " My interest of 2/i5th. in the Grand Pro- 
prietors lots I do not like to lie so" might have remembered you, sir, of 
it. But if finally I can have nothing for it I must seek my remedy where 
I may have it tho' with great loss. I am, sir, 

Your most humbl. servant, 

Benja Lynde. 

The Honbl. George Jaffrey at 

Portsmouth, New Hampshire. , 

Justice to the Masonian proprietors requires that a point 
unnoted by the Lyndeborough proprietors' records should be 
stated in connection with the remonstrance of the above letter. 
The State papers, edited by A. S. Batchellor, show that at a 
meeting of the Masonian proprietors on June 23, 1779, after 
reviewing the drawing of the sixteen lots in Lyndeborough, 
their records contain the following account : 

"Whereas all the Said Sixteen Lotts were fairly drawn for at Said 
Meeting, to the Rights of the fifteen original Proprietors, and entered as 
drawn to them, as a Severance of the Same to their Respective Rights — 
and Lot N" 5 in Sheppards Plan was drawn for the Proprietors use in 
Common as aforesaid — Therefore Voted that the Said Lot N" 5 ia 


Sheppards Plan he and hereby is granted appropriated and Severed, to 
the Said Blanchard's heir's and assigns as the Second division of his 
whole Right or share be reserved to liimself as aforesaid, to have and to 
hold the Same, in the Same manner as conveyed by Said Blanchard — 
notwithstanding the Vote & Draft of Said I^ot N° 5 on the fifth day of 
January as aforesaid for the Proprietors use in Common " — * 

Boston, 16 Nov., 1797. 
Dear Sir: 

Col° Hutchinson has long been pursuing his right to a tract 
of land which was laid out by Col° Blanchard as agent for the Masonian 
Proprietors at the distance of one mile and half or two miles from the 
corner of New Boston Addition. This grant, if I rightly understand the 
matter, was prior to the grant or charter of Lyndeborough, and was 
intended to have been brought into the n. e. corner of Lyndeborough 
when that charter was granted. By such a strange mistake of Fletcher 
in running the boundary line of Lyndeborough on that side of the 
town there is only one short mile from the corner of New Boston Addi- 
tion, and consequently this grant of Blanchard's does not come within 
the township of Lyndeborough but is actually at a distance from it. 
Fletcher afterwards acknowledged his error. I went with Carlton who 
is now alive in this town, and is ready to testify on oath that Fletcher 
went with him and showed him where the true bounds ought to be, but 
Beatie and others purchasing under Wellingford had got possession of 
the land and would not deliver it up without a law suit. The proprietors 
of Lyndeborough were unwilling to engage in a law suit for the recovery 
of their right and thus lost several hundred acres of land on that side 
which they are justly entitled to at this day; but Col° Hutchinson 
thinks he cannot lose his interest and that the Masonian Proprietors 
under whom Col" Blanchard acted ought to see him right or give him 
an equivalent. This is the purport of his present journey and he de- 
sired me to give him a line of introduction to you with a general state- 
ment of the business. With great esteem and respect I remain, dear sir, 

Your humbl. servt. 

Hon. Geo. Jaffrey, Esq. 

To the Masonian Proprietor or proprietor of the right of John Tufton 
Mason Esq. in the State of New Hampshire. 
Gentlemen : 

In December 1753 Joseph Blanchard, Esq. as your agent by his 
deed conveyed to Benjamin Lynde and others since called the Lynde- 
borough proprietors, a tract of land containing twenty-eight thousand 
acres called Lyndeborough, particularly bounded as expressed in the 
said deed reserving however a part of the said tract within the said 
bounds and among other lots therein reserved, he reserved a lot of one 
hundred and fifty acres in the northeast corner of said I^yndeborough 
which corner is described in the same deed to be one mile and a half 
North from the Southwest corner of New Boston called Huston's Corner, 
also to be at a marked tree — on the eighteenth day of May 1754 the said 

*Batchellor XXVII, page 432. 


Joseph Blaiicliard as your agent and by virtue of the power and author- 
ity, vested in him by your propriety, by his deed conveyed to Joseph 
Richardson, his heirs and assigns all the right title, interest and posses- 
sion of j'our said propriety in one hundred and fifty acres of land lying 
within the tracts of land called Lyndeburgh on the northerly part thereof 
following the description of said reserved lot bounded of follows viz. 
beginning at the former bounds Lyndeboro where it joins to New Boston 
west line about one mile and a half from New Boston southerly corner 
and runs from thence west one hundred and sixty rods by Lyndebofough 
north line thence south one hundred and fifty rods, thence east one hun- 
dred and sixty rods to New Boston line, thence northerly by New Boston 
line one hundred and fifty rods to the first mentioned bounds, to have 
and to hold the same forever free and clear. 

Afterwards I purchased the same one hundred and fifty acres by the 
same bounds I sold the same by (the same bounds) to Joshua Balch and 
took his note of hand for the consideration money. In 1771, Osgood 
Carleton survej'or assisted by Robert Fletcher, Esq. another surveyor at 
the request of Judge Lynde, one of the Lyndeboro' committee, pro- 
ceeded to locate the same piece of land, according to his direction and to 
the said several deeds, and first to fix the said northeast corner of said 
Lyndeborough. They measured from said Houston's corner, a point I 
understand well settled northerly one mile and a half on the west line 
of New Boston agreeable to the deed said Blanchard first above men- 
tioned and there fixed the said northeast corner of Lyndeborough in the 
said west line of New Boston at a point one mile and a half from the 
said Huston's corner being the most southwesterly corner of New 
Boston mentioned in the said deed and there laid out the said one hun- 
dred and fifty acres in the said northeast corner according to the grant 
aforesaid and by the bounds aforesaid. 

Having commenced an action on said note in order to recover the con- 
tents of it against Mary Balch, the executrix of the said Joshua Balch in 
a trial therein which was had in the superior court of New Hampshire 
in October 1795, she recovered against me a bill of costs of eighty-nine 
dollars on the ground that said 150 acres or at least a great part of it 
cannot be held under said Blanchard's deed, it not being within the said 
north line of Lyndeborough and therefore that the consideration of the 
said note was not good whereby I have lost the said note ; said eighty- 
nine dollars costs and upwards of sixty dollars costs more as will appear 
thus in locating the said lot the northeast corner thereof is made to 
coinside with the said northeast corner of Lyndeborough and that to 
according to said Blanchards deed and plan fixed at a point one mile 
and a half north of Hoston's corner in New Boston west line and by the 
decision of the Coiirt in the two actions brought in 17S7 by the said exe- 
cution one against Rich Batten and the other against Andrew Cresse}', it 
appeares the said lot cannot be laid out or extend further south, and by 
finally fixing the said northeast corner of Lyndeborough at a point only 
about one mile and a quarter from said Hutou's corner instead of a mile 
and a half about eight fifteenths of said lot the northerly parts of it fall 
within the Society lauds so called and so without the limits of said 
Lyndeborough and without title under said deed of Blanchard's. 


It is clear from said deed that your propriety meant to grant and the 
said Richardson intended to buy 150 acres of land in the northeast 
corner of Lyndeborough which your propriety reserved in the grant or 
conformation of that township and not a disputed right. 

In conveying the lands north of Lyndeborough in 1767 the parties 
foUoYi^ up their line to the northwest corner of New Boston and then 
measure south one mile on the east line of that town to a hemlock tree, 
then west three miles and a quarter by Lyndeborough, hence they and 
your property made it two miles and a half from said northwest corner of 
New Boston to said Huston's corner as appears by their deed and said 
lUanchard's deed first above mentioned but it is now stated that this line 
is found to be only about two miles and a quarter long and that no par- 
ticular tree was ever run to or marked as making the corner as men- 
tioned in said deeds, and thence this vexatious dispute and difficulty 
arises, and perhaps the boundry lines of Lyndesboro' traced as described 
in Blanchard's deed could never be made to meet and would if followed 
imbrace more than twentj^-eight thousand acres, if from the considera- 
tion of these errors you and the Lyndeborough proprietors have been 
induced to allow the said northeast corner of Lyudel:)orough expressly 
fixed in your said grant in 1753 to be at a point one mile and a half 
north of said Huston's corner to be moved about eighty rods south 
towards said corner and by this concession and admeasurements made 
since your grant, under which said lot is held, I persuade myself you 
will not hesitate to defend or compensate for such parts of that eighty 
rods as were located previous to such concessions under your grants. 

Wherefore I have to request you to indemnify me in the premises bv 
allowing other lands or monies that shall be a reasonable compensation. 

Israel Hutchinson. 

Danvers Feb. 5th. 1798. 

The last entry made in the proprietors' records of Lyndebor- 
ough by Benjamin Lynde, Esq., proprietors' clerk, is dated 
1778. April 30, 1779, he wrote to the Masoniau proprietors, 
remonstrating against their sale of two rights in the town which 
he had purchased, and seeking some suitable redress. 
No proper rectification of his losses appears from the records, 
save that stated on pages 75 and 76 above. 

After many successive adjournments of their meetings, the 
Lyndeborough proprietors met again at Salem, Mass., May 21, 
1783. Mr. Lynde died in 1782. His grandson, Benjamin 
Lynde Oliver, became for a time his successor in the Lyndebor- 
ough interests. At this last named meeting Benjamin Lynde 
Oliver was chosen moderator and Stephen Goodhue, clerk. The 
business transacted indicates a purpose to close up the affairs of 
the "Propriety" as speedily as possible. For this object a 
committee was elected to get the common lands laid out and sur- 
veyed; to settle with the Masoniau proprietors and with any others 


whose lots had been cut into, and allow them compensation out 
of the common lands for their losses ; and further, to prosecute 
trespassers or settle with them without prosecution. This com- 
mittee consisted of Benjamin Lynde Oliver, William Pickman 
and Stephen Goodhue. 

Again, meetings were repeatedl)' called and adjourned till 
Oct. 8, 1783, when it was voted to raise nine shillings L. M. 
on each right to defray necessary charges. From the last date 
till May 25, 1792, no record appears on the proprietors' book. 

In that intervening period great uncertainty prevailed in all 
parts of the country. The surrender at Yorktown was not 
viewed on all hands as decidedly closing the war for independ- 
ence. The ensuing years were full of ferment, uneasiness, tur- 
moil and financial depression. The new government was 
launched, but had not as yet been tested. Confidence in it was 
found to be "a plant of slow growth." Many of its best friends 
were by no means sure of its complete success. To its strongest 
supporters it was a serious question whether it would outride 
the storms that rudely beat upon it. But the new Constitution 
was finally adopted, and our peerless first President, " first in 
war, first in peace, and first in the hearts of his countrymen," 
was elected, inaugurated and placed at the helm of state. 
Confidence superseded distrust. The helmsman was sane and 
skilful, alert and self-poised, powerful and determined ; and the 
ship of state passed safely out of the stormy zone into smoother 
waters, more assured sea room, and a serener and more prosper- 
ous outlook. 

May 22, 1792, we find the following record : — 


To John Shepard Esq"^ one of the Justices of the Peace within 
& for the County of Hillsborough & State of New Hampshire. 

The Petition of the Subscribers, Proprietors of the Common 
& Undived Land, in the Township of Ivyndeborough in said 

Pray your Honor, to issue your Warrant for calling a meeting 
of the Proprietors of said Conmion, & undivided Land, to be 
holden at the House of Capt. Benjamin French Innholder in 
Dunstable in said County "on Tuesday the Eleventh day of Sep- 
tember next, at Ten of the Clock in the forenoon, to act upon 
the following Articles, Viz. 

ist. To choose a Moderator to regulate said Meeting. 


2nd. To choose a Clerk, Committee & other Officers if need be. 
3rd. To determine on some effectual method for dividing said 
Lands so that they may be held in Severalty, or to sell the same 
entirely. To .settle with the Original Grantors & all Persons 
whomsoever, having Demands against the said Proprietors, & 
to see if they will prosecute such person or persons as may have 
committed Waste upon, or unlawfully entered or trespassed upon 
said Common Interest, or any part thereof ; and do whatsoever 
may be necessary for a final settlement. 

vSalem 22'"^ May 1792 William Walter 

William Pickman 
Andrew Oliver 
Samuel Welles 
Stephen Goodhue 
B. Goodhue 
Nehemiah Rand. 

The warrant was issued in response to the foregoing petition, 
and was published in the "Boston Chronicle" and the news- 
paper at Portsmouth three weeks in succession, and the meeting 
was duly held and in legal form. " Present a large majority of 
the Proprietors aforesaid." 

Voted Rev. Wm. Walter, D.D., moderator, and Rev. Sewall 
Goodridge, clerk. " A letter from John Pierce Esq., as Agent 
for the Grantors of the Town of Lyndeborough Township di- 
rected to the Grantees in the present Meeting, making proposals 
respecting certain deficiencies of Land in the proportion assigned 
them by the Charter, was then read & considered, and thereon 
Voted that the same lie over for further consideration." 

" Upon examining the Charter & carefully comparing it with 
the plan, it appears, that the line extending from the Southwest 
Corner of New Boston Addition ought to run One Mile & an 
half North. Whereas by the encroachment of certain Persons 
purchasing under Col" Wallingford, the line does not exceed 
One Mile — by which a great loss accrues to the Grantees, as 
well as much difficulty in laying out the lots bounding on that 
line. Therefore Voted, that one or more Agents be appointed 
to treat with the aforesaid Purchasers of Wallingford right & if 
possible to come to an amicable adjustment of the dispute so as 
to ascertain the length of said line, & in failure thereof to com- 
mence a Prosecution for the recovery of the Land by them 
wrongfully detained." Voted, to choose two Agents, & chose 
Coir Phillip Putnam & Nehemiah Rand Esq. and the meeting 


adjourned to the last Tuesday in October, at ii o'cl. in the fore- 
noon, at the same place. 

At this adjourned meeting the Moderator & Clerk of the 
former meeting were present & also Nehemiah Rand Esq. & 
Col" Phillip Putnam, in their own Right & by Agency repre- 
senting Twenty eight Shares. 

The agents reported ' ' that they had waited on several of the 
Purchasers of Colonel Wallingford's lyOt, & after two confer- 
ences with the principal of them, it was agreed that they would 
attend this meeting to confer with the Proprietors then 

"Messrs. Betton, Fisher & Butterfield did attend, and after 
much time spent in explaining & hearing the Grounds of the 
different Claims, it was agreed at the request of the Purchasers 
aforesaid " to refer the matters in dispute to the next meeting, 
to enable them meantirae, "to obtain the Sense of their Part- 
ners on the Subject." 

' ' Mr. Atherton being present in behalf of the Grantors, pro- 
posed that the I^etter from John Pierce Esqr. be taken into con- 
sideration ; whereupon, 

Voted, That any Interference of Mr. Carleton's Survey of 
Eight lyots laid out to the Grantors with the Survey formerly 
made by Mr. Fletcher shall be duly attended to, & if any errors 
they shall be rectified." 

After a further consideration of accounts against the * ' Pro- 
priety," a vote was passed, empowering the committee. Col. 
Putnam and Mr. Rand, to dispose of enough of the common 
land joining on the north side of Wilton to pay the debts, then 
nearly sixty pounds. 

" Rev. Mr. Sewell Goodridge desired that the Proprietors 
would consider of an Encouragement ' ' given him by the pro- 
prietors' committee in 1779, "that he should have a strip of 
Common on Wilton Line, containing about thirty-five acres," 
and showed a paper to that effect, signed by the late Judge 
I^ynde, as proprietors' clerk. 

The case was considered and the land granted, and Nehemiah 
Rand Esq. was appointed to execute the deed of conveyance. 
The proprietors further, voted, "that the Committee, Mr. 
Rand and Col. Putnam apply to John Shepard, Esq. to inspect 
and see what errors or deficiencies have arose from the Survey 
of Carlton's Eight I,ots on the North West Corner of the town 
by interfering with Fletcher's Survey of Nineteen Lots to 


the Grand Proprietors on that side, and that a copy of the 
same be delivered to the Committee for the Inspection and use 
of the Proprietors." After this the meeting adjourned to the 
third Tuesday of Feb., 1793. At this latter date, Feb. 19, 
1793, the purchasers of Wallingford's lands were present and 
' ' exhibited a variety of papers and Plans endeavoring to con- 
vince the Propriety (of Lyndeborough) that they ought to be 
contented with the Line at the head of New Boston addition, 
though it measures by their own Survey One Mile & 103 Rods 
only, instead of One Mile & half as by Charter, & Mr. Robert 
Fletcher's Plan." What was offered by Messrs. Betton &c. 
being in no respect satisfactory. Doctor Walter then moved, 
"That to avoid an expensive & lengthy Lawsuit, the Parties 
should agree to leave the Line in dispute to Referrees, to be 
mutually chosen & to abide by their decision, let them decide 
as they may. This was consented to by all the Proprietors of 
Lyndeboro' present, but was refused by the Purchasers under 
Wallingford, — they chusing to have the matter decided in a 
regular Course of Law."* 

Nehemiah Rand Esq., and Col. Putnam, the committee ap- 
pointed to sell so much of the common lands as would suflSce to 
pay the debts of the " Propriety " and redeem such redeemable 
lands as have been sold for taxes, exhibited a plan of a strip on 
Wilton line which they had caused to be surveyed and ap- 
praised and reported that ' ' there were Persons in Treaty for the 
same, and though not as yet sold, there was no doubt but the 
whole would be shortly sold, and they should be in Cash for 
the purposes of their appointment. Voted, That all further 
proceedings respecting the prosecution of the Purchasers of 
Wallingford's Lot as Intruders, be deferred till the adjourn- 
ment of this meeting." But, meantime, Mr. Rand and Dr. 
Walter were to procure, each respectively, from John Shepard 
Esq., and Col. Israel Hutchinson what information he could 
respecting the lands in dispute, and report accordingly at the 
next meeting. 

"Voted, That the agents sell with all convenient speed the 
Lands laid out on the South Line of Lyndeborough by Wilton, 
& before the next meeting do discharge all Debts, Dues & 
Demands against the Proprietors, as far as shall come to their 

Voted, That they cause a Survey to be made of Two Lots 

♦Proprietors' Records for Feb. 19, 1793. 


of 130 Acres each to be laid out to the Grand Proprietors, to 
make up the Deficiency they claim. And one Lot of 60 Acres 
to the Town to be for the Public School. And so much to 
those two or three Lots which were in part cut off by Wilton 
as will make up their Quantity." 

The records indicate a succession of endeavors to deal 
honestly, to pay all just debts and demands, and fulfill all 
agreements entered into by charter or other contract. 

The agents appointed reported the discovery of great damages 
which had been done to the interest of the proprietors in 
Lyndeborough ; and ' ' that they had taken such measures as 
they apprehend have effectually put a stop to any further 
depredations, and beg to be informed what is further advisable 
to be done in the Business, upon which 

Voted, That the Agents have the Thanks of this Propriety for 
their vigilance, & the part they have taken & that it be referred 
to the next meeting to determine what necessary steps shall be 
taken to recover the damages that appear to have been done. 

Voted, That Nehemiah Rand Esq. be Authorized and em- 
powered to make the Couvej^ances of the Land to be sold, in 
the Name of the Propriety. 

Voted, A strip upon Wilton East Line to Rev. Sewall Good- 
ridge in lieu of his rights in the commons, one-third of which, 
however, he was empowered to sell and convey when a purchaser 
appeared, and give the money to the agents for the proprietors." 

At the meeting in June, it w^as thought that they ought to 
appoint a treasurer, and they accordingly appointed Dr. William 
Walter to that office. 

Col. Putnam then informed the proprietors that Mr. Rand 
and he had sold the largest part of the strip on Wilton ; that 
they had paid the taxes due on redeemable lands and they 
were redeemed accordingly ; but that for the remainder, they 
had taken notes of hand payable in six months from date, 
which he accordingly delivered to the treasurer ; viz : 

Notes dated 

Mar. 23, 1793, by Jacob Dascomb 

Indorsed, Paid 
Mar. 23, 1793, by James Dascomb Jr. 

Indorsed, Paid 
Mar. 23, 1793, by Jacob Putnam 

Indorsed, Paid 
Mar. 23, 1793, by Daniel Batchelder 
Mar. 25, 1793, by Daniel Goold 

Indorsed, Paid 
Apr. 22, by Simeon Holt 
























Nehemiah Rand Esq. exhibited a correct plan of the com- 
mons taken by John Shepard Esq., together with the lot laid 
out for the school, 60 acres, two lots of 130 acres each to the 
lord proprietors and one lot of 130 acres to the right of Swan. 
Also receipts for taxes paid 1788 and 1789, with deeds which 
had been given by the constables for land sold for taxes, now 
redeemed — the whole amounting to 13^ i shilling and 10 

" Voted, That the lots set off to the proprietors on the plan be 
accepted and further 

Voted, That Nehemiah Rand Esq., Col. Philip Putnam, and 
Maj. Daniel Goold be and hereby are a committee to prosecute 
trespassers, or to adjust settlements with them in such manner 
as they think best. Adjourned to the third Tuesday of Septem- 
ber, 1793." 

Met again at last named date and place, Dunstable, present 
Rev. Wm. Walter, D.D., moderator, and Rev. S. Goodridge, 
clerk, and a majority of the proprietors. The committee ap- 
pointed to treat with trespassers reported ; that they had settled 
with the major part of them, and in their deliberate judgment, 
upon the best terms they could, and had taken their notes pay- 
able on demand, for the adjudged damages, giving them dis- 
charges severally. 

" They further report, that the sums agreed for together with 
what they expect. They apprehend, will be sufficient to dis- 
charge all the taxes that have been laid on the said common 
from time to time in years past, & for redeeming the land sold, 
& to pay the committee's expense of attending the business, as 
also the attorney & Judge Shepard's bills for assisting the com- 
mittee. The report was accepted. 

They then voted, that the school lot of 60 acres laid out by 
John Shepard, Esq. on the north line of Eyndeborough by 
Greenfield be accepted." 

This appears to be the first mention of Greenfield in the pro- 
prietors' records. It had been "incorporated June 15, 1791, 
and was composed of portions of Society Land, Peterborough 
and Lyndeborough and land between the two last named towns, 
called Lyndeborough Gore."* 

The portion taken from Lyndeborough contained the homes 
of many of our noble citizens who had distinguished themselves 
in the Revolutionary War, and as such rightly adorn the records 
of our town. 

*Hist. of HiHsboro County, p. 331. 


Resuming the record of Sept., 1793, the L,yndeborough 
grantees proceed : 

" And now having laid out to the Lords Proprietors the lands 
due to them by charter, & having satisfied all other claimants as 
far as have come to the knowledge of the Grantees," they vote to 
sell all the remaining comtnou lands at auction. Notice of this 
sale was given ; but before it came off, there arose a doubt 
whether it could be legally done. The sale had been appointed 
for l^the 29th of October, 1793; but owing to doubt as to its 
legality, the auction was adjourned to the last Tuesday of April, 
1794. It was then voted to petition the General Court for power 
to effect such sale; and Nehemiah Rand, Esq., was appointed 
to present the petition, which he did. The Legislature were of 
opinion " that the powers of the Judge of Probate by the exist- 
ing laws, were sufficient for the settlement of the propriety." 

The following letter was read and considered, and it was 
voted that the same be signed by the clerk and sent to John 
Pierce, Esq., clerk of the Masonian proprietors, in answer to his 
letter, dated Sept. 5, 1792. 

John Pierce Esq. 


The proprietors of the common & undivided 
lands in Lyndeborough have received your letter of Sep. 5, 1792 
with your proposals inclosed ; and after minutely weighing the 
contents were of the opinion, that whatever deficiency there was 
in lots No. 4 & 5, should be made good to those lots. And also 
as two of the lots laid out to the grantors, were entirely cut off, 
so that the proprietors of No. i & 2 had lost their lands, that 
two other lots in some part of the commons, consisting of 150 
acres each, should be laid out to them ; that a final close might 
be made between the grantors & proprietors. 

And I have the honor now to acquaint you that the proprie- 
tors have caused by their Surveyor, John Shepard Esq. the defic- 
iencies in Lots No. 4 & 5, to be made up. And two lots of 150 
acres each, to be laid out of the commons for the grantors agree- 
able to the Survey, which I have the honor to transmit you, 
which I hope will be satisfactory. And am with esteem, 

Your most Humble Servant 

S. Goodridge, Proprietors' Clerk. 

The Lyndeborough proprietors voted to place on their records 


the letter of John Pierce, Esq., of Sept. 5, 1792, to which the 
preceding letter was answer. The letter is as follows : 

Portsmouth Sept. 5, 1792. 

You will find by the inclosed vote of thfe Masonian pro- 
prietors, the grantors of Ivyndboro' that I am'appointed to settle 
with the grantees, respecting the common land, and by the set- 
tlement inclosed, that there is an interference between the first 
division of 200 acre lots by Fletcher, & the second division lots 
of 150 acres by Carleton. This was occasioned by Judge 
Lynde's ordering a resurvey of Fletcher's lots, by which means 
he crowded them so together as to leave room for near three of 
Carleton 's lots, in the northwest corner, whereas in fact, there 
is room for only about one lot ; now this resurvey is totally inad- 
missible, for after Judge lyynde had returned Fletcher's plan, & 
it had been accepted, & the lots drawn for & recorded it made a 
decided severance of that division of lots to the individuals who 
severally drew each lot, & no act either of the grantors or 
grantees could alter that severance, & each individual will 
clearly hold by Fletcher's plan, & the bounds made by him, 
whether they be right or wrong, more or less ; whoever drew 
each lot must finally abide by it, & will forever be consigned to 
those bounds. And many persons have bought those lots, & I 
conclude have set themselves down by Fletcher's bounds & no 
other. I think, Gentlemen, after examing our statement and 
plans, you will clearly see that the proprietors who drew Lots 
No. I & No. 2, in Carleton's survey have lost their whole lots. 
And the proprietors of No. 4 & No. 5, have lost a considerable 
part of theirs. And that on the whole there is a further defic- 
iency of 26 acres to the grantors in common. And that previous 
to your making any further disposition of the common land, you 
will do us the justice to lay out 150 acres for each of the lots No. 
I and No. 2, and as much land for lots No. 4 & No. 5, as are 
found to be laid out in the first division of 200 acre lots, of equal 
quality with the lands in general. And as the grantors would 
not have applied for the 26 acres, if there had been no error, we 
shall not now trouble the grantees about it. But if the defic- 
iences of the four lots before mentioned are made up in quantity 
& quality, forever relinquish all further claim to the common 
lauds in lyyndeborough. Although the grantors apprehend. 


they have a legal & just claim to a further division in the com- 
mons over and above the 26 acres. 

I am, Gentlemen, 

Your most Humble Servant, 

John Pierce. 

To the proprietors of Ivyndeborough in proprietors' meeting 
at Dunstable assembled on Tuesday the nth day of Sept. at 
II o'clock before noon. 

How appropriate to this speak Shakespeare's witches, " Fair 
is foul and foul is fair." Not a tittle as to correcting their own 
errors, so long as poor obsequious Lyndeborough is in their 
clutches ! 

The Ivyndeborough proprietors requested the moderator, 
April, 1794, to write to the Masonian proprietors that they had 
complied with their demands, as stated in the foregoing letter, 
and they now request from them a full and final discharge. 

They then adjourned to Sept. 2, 1794. 

At the meeting on the last-named date. Col. Putnam, chair- 
man of committee on the sale of land &c., reported that several 
of the trespassers had been consulted, and they had requested 
a stay of legal process till the proposals of the committee could 
be considered by their associates. And as the death of Nehe- 
miah Rand Esq. had happened about that time, the committee 
had proceeded no further in the premises. 

It was then voted that John Shepard, Esq., administrator of the 
estate of Nehemiah Rand, Esq., be appointed to fill the latter's 
place on the committee. Voted, further, that the committee 
cause actions at law to be brought against all trespassers on the 
common lands in Ivyndeborough or Greenfield, and report results 
at the next meeting. The Rev. Dr. Walter also reported that 
" he had seen Messrs. Jaffrey and John Pierce Esq. at Ports- 
mouth, to whom he had made the request that the grand pro- 
prietors would give to the lyyndeboro' proprietors a full and 
final discharge of all demands whatever, which request they 
promised to lay before the proprietors at their next meeting, and 
supposed there would be no difiiculty in granting it." The 
Rev. Sewall Goodridge was authorized to make and execute all 
conveyances left unfinished by Nehemiah Rand, Esq., deceased. 
Several accounts were presented and approved, amounting to a 
sum which required 50^ to discharge the debts, and the com- 
mittee was empowered to sell land sufficient to produce the re- 
quired sum. Adjourned. 


The proprietors met again the last Tuesday of May, 1795, but 
only to call to order and adjourn again to the last Tuesday in 
June, 1795. 

At this meeting the committee reported "that they had set- 
tled, & taken leases of all the trespassers, except Solomon Cram, 
Joshua Stiles, & Israel Balch, whom they have prosecuted, & 
whose actions are still in litigation." 

Mr. Jacob Wellman, Jr., produced a deed showing a good 
title to a full share or right in the common lands, under Capt. 
Benjamin Goodhue, and in the previous November meeting, had 
petitioned that ' ' he might have the privilege of laying off 40 
acres which he has improved, adjoining the north and north- 
westerly part of his own land as a full share or right in the com- 
mon & undivided land. The " Propriety," therefore, voted that 
his petition be granted, and that the said land " is hereby 
granted to him, his 'heirs & assigns forever." Pursuant to 
this vote, a description of the piece of land and its measurement 
was presented by the committee and the same was accepted. 

The meeting on the third Tuesday in October received a re- 
port in regard to the trespassers that the actions in law against 
them were necessarily laid over to the next term of court. The 
return of a survey of a lot of 130 acres laid out to the heirs of 
Robert Swan in lieu of the lot returned the second Tuesday in 
June, 1795, was presented by Capt. Benjamin Epes, surveyor, 
and was accepted ; and the clerk was directed to give a deed. 
Accounts for services were presented by Major Goold and Rev. 
S. Goodridge, and were voted, allowed, and further instructions 
were given the committee on sale of lands, after which the meet- 
ing adjourned to the second Tuesday in June, 1796. 

Second Tuesday in June. — The committee on the sale of land 
at this meeting reported that the three trespassers who had most 
stubbornly resisted settlement heretofore had come to terms. 
Mr. Solomon Cram had given his note on demand for $80, 
and had taken a deed of a certain piece of common land. " Mr. 
Joshua Stiles had disclaimed his right of soil, & the action 
was dropped, — said Stiles to pay costs." Mr. Israel Balch was 
present and disclaimed his right of soil. The action was 
dropped, and he paid costs. "A petition was presented by 
their committee from the Town of lyyndeboro', stating that by 
the charter, the town was entitled to ten acres of land about the 
meetinghouse, & praying the .same may be laid out." 

" Voted, that this propriety can do nothing in this business ; 


The Town having made a private agreement with Mr. George 
Goold, deceased, for setting the meetinghouse on his lot number 
70." The meeting adjourned to 6 o'clock in the morning of next 
day, June 15, 1796. Accounts of John Shepard, Esq., were ex- 
amined and allowed, the sums received from the trespassers 
being discounted. Then they voted, "that all impediments 
being now removed from an immediate division of the undivided 
land in Lyndeboro', so many of the proprietors as choose to 
apply to the Judge of Probate in the County of Hillsborough to 
have their shares set off to them, have now an opportunity of 
making application accordingly. 

The meeting adjourned to the third Tuesday in Sept. next — 
at this place — at 9 o'clock A. M.; to receive all demands 
against the propriety, & to settle finally all remaining accounts 
relating thereto. And all the proprietors will attend said meet- 
ing — free of all cost & charge against the propriety aforesaid." 

Third Tuesday in Sept., 1796. — Mr. Goodridge reported that 
he and Major Goold had attended the Probate Court at New 
Ipswich the third Tuesday in August, and presented their peti- 
tion for a division of the land. But objection was made by 
Richard Goold that lot No. 4, bought of George Jaffrey, Esq., 
fell short of measure ; and by Doctor Russell that the ministerial 
lot lacked 10 acres on Wilton line, which had not been made 
up. On this account the judge had adjourned further consid- 
eration of the petition to his court in Amherst the third Tuesday 
of October next. Satisfaction was made for these deficiencies, 
and all accounts were properly settled and audited. A letter 
from John Pierce, Esq., was read, and the moderator, Dr. 
Walter, was appointed and desired to answer it in the name of 
the proprietors. The meeting then adjourned, to meet at the 
house of Major Daniel Goold in Lyndeborough, the first Tues- 
day of November next at 9 o'clock A. M. 

The proprietors met according to preceding adjournment at 
the house of Major Daniel Goold in Lyndeborough. Rev. Dr. 
Walter read a letter prepared by him according to the proprie- 
tors' request, to be sent to John Pierce, Esq.; and it was voted 
to accept and place the same on record. The letter is the 
following : 

To John Pierce Esq. Portsmouth. 

Your letter of September 17th, was 
received by the proprietors of L,yndeborough at their late meet- 


ing in Dunstable, the contents thereof were fully discussed, and 
I was directed to communicate their sentiments upon the sub- 
ject. You will permit me to call to your remembrance the con- 
tents of your former letter, Sep. 1792, wherein you declare 
yourself fully authorized by the Masonian Proprietors, to com- 
municate to us the extent of their demands, against the pro- 
priety of Lyndeborough, which were to have two lots laid out to 
you in lieu of No. i & 2, cut off by Carlton's survey laying over 
Fletcher's, — and to have No. 4 & 5, made up what deficiency 
was said to be in them ; and then in behalf of the Masonian 
proprietors, you declare, that these conditions being complied 
with, you would forever quit all demands upon the proprietors of 
Lyndeborough; although — further demands might be made. 
No words can more fully express your mind, no conditional en- 
gagement can be stronger in honor or in law. 

Without entering into the merits of the different surveys or 
contending that you had already received your quantity, except 
26 acres, as appears by Fletcher's resurvey of the 19 lots, & 
Carleton finding space enough to lay out his eight lots; without 
entering, I say, into this old dispute, for peace sake the pro- 
prietors of Lyndeborough immediately voted to comply with 
your request, & to rectify what you called errors in Carlton's 
survey ; by which more than 300 acres are in effect given to the 
Masonian Proprietors beyond their strict due. A committee, at 
the same time, was appointed to lay out the two lots, & survey 
No. 4 & 5, to make up the deficiencies in them, if any there 
were. The committee were two of our most respectable mem- 
bers, Esqr. Rand & Col. Putnam who took with them one of the 
most respectable Surveyors in the neighborhood, John Shepard, 
Esq. They went over the commons & finally fixed on that part 
of them which lies toward Amherst, & laid out two lots No. i & 
2, in lieu of the same numbers in Carleton's survey, said to be 
cut off, & regular return was made to us & accepted at our 
meeting June 1793. And an official report to you, as Agent of 
the Masonian proprietors was ordered to be made, & was in fact 
made as appears by a copy of the letter which stands on the 
records of the clerk of the propriety. 

I presume therefore it must have escaped your recollection, 
when you say that no return has been made of this survey. The 
land so laid out, is now declared by Col. Putnam, Major Goold, 
Rev. Mr. Goodridge & Esqr. Shepard to be equal to the com- 
mons in general, well wooded & laying near a sawmill, & what- 


ever old Mr. Rand might have said to you in a jocular manner, 
or might be said by others maliciously — it is supposed to be 
any day worth a dollar per acre or more. This I presume, must 
satisfy you of its being more than a tolerable proportion to the 
land lost, — especially when I assure you that I have myself, , 
this week, agreed for the sale of one of my second division lots, 
near the centre of that town, for less than one dollar an acre. 
As to lots No. 4 & 5, they also were surveyed at the same time. 
No. 5 was found to be more than complete, & the committee 
thought it as reasonable to take off the surplus, as to add to No. 
4 a deficiency that might be found in it. 

But as you are pleased to say, the lots being drawn for & 
sold must stand as it is, be it more or less, we have ordered a 
new inspection of No. 4, & have made up that lot to the satis- 
faction of the purchaser, leaving No. 5 with all its overplus. 

After this we presumed certainly upon having a final discharge 
from the Masonian proprietors, as from Gentlemen who must 
feel themselves by their most solemn promise under every obli- 
gation as men of honor to give it to us without a moment's 
delay. Instead of which we have a new demand for a deficiency 
in No. 6, — & we know not but some time hence still further de- 
mands will be made under the threat, that you or some other 
gentleman cannot acquiesce in the final division of the com- 
mons till these conditions are complied with. 

But, Sir, the proprietors of Lyndeborough are not to be awed 
into endless submissions by threats contained in public or pri- 
vate letters. As to No. 6, I am directed to say, that We Know 
Not the State of that lot. It may be delinquent — but if it 
is, we presume the fault is not ours, for it lies on the North 
Side of the town, which line we have for 30 years back been 
complaining to the Masonian Proprietors as being crowded too 
far South by Beton & others, who purchased Wallingford's 
lot, and have prayed their interference to do us justice by giv- 
ing to us who were the first purchasers the extent which our 

♦Wallingford's Lot No. 8, in Society Land, was an extensive tract of 5000 acres, more 
or less. It was sold for iao£ , or about looo dollars. The purchasers were seventeen 
men, most of whom were from Derry, who, whether intentionally or not, crowded over 
& encroached upon Lyndeborough. This not only disturbed Judge Lynde, as appears 
from his letters, but also disturbed all the Lyndeborough proprietors. For, the en- 
croachment fell chiefly upon common land, in which all these proprietors were inter- 
ested. The names of the seventeen purchasers follow, — Samuel, William, and Adam 
Dickey, Thomas and William Boyd, Kdward Aiken, and Edward Aiken, Jr., Jonn Taylor, 
William Butterfield, Samuel Fisher, Isaac Brewster, John MacKeen, John S(i)enter, 
Robert Barnet, Hugh Montgomery, John Hall, and James Betton. (Proprs. Records, last 
page. See also, Hist. Franceslown, p. 429, which, however, gives but 15 names). 


charter gives us on that side. But we hav^e not been able to 
procure from them the smallest exertions, not even to the mov- 
ing of one of their fingers, to displace the burden — by which we 
are losers of some hundred of acres. And if you also are a loser, 
, it is no matter of admiration, but surely your complaints should 
not be sent to us. 

I have therefore, only to say in behalf of the proprietors of 
Lyndeborough, that if the Masonian proprietors will carry back 
or cause to be carried back that line^ so as to give us our just 
claim on that side and there shall then be any deficiency in No. 
6, or any other lot bordering on that line, we will instantly make 
up the deficiency whatever it may be. This I presume, Sir, will 
convince you that we have done all that j^ou, or any reasonable 
men could expect, and induce you to give us what you have so 
long denied us, A Full & Final Discharge. If this is still 
cruelly denied us — we must appeal to the powers which are, 
above us. 

I am Sir with due respect yoMX most Obedient 

Humble Servant, 


After the reading and considering of the preceding letter, 
Rev. Mr. Goodridge reported that he had attended Probate 
Court at Amherst the third Tuesday of October last, and observ- 
that the petition by mistake mentioned only the common lands 
in lyyndeboro, omitting those of Greenfield, he let the matter 
lie as though nothing had been done. " Voted, to take up the 
matter tomorrow evening. Met, according to adjournment, 
Nov. 2, 1796. Present, Dr. W. Walter, Mod., Rev. S. Good- 
ridge, Clerk, Hon. John Shepard Esq., Col. Philip Putnam, 
and Major Daniel Goold. 

Voted, to withdraw the petition to the Judge of Probate for 
severance &c. and proceed to a division as the law^ permits 
without such application to Judge of Probate. Voted further, 
to appoint a committee of two judicious persons to set a value 
on the different pieces of common in Lyndeboro and Greenfield, 
and make a return of their valuation to the next meeting of 
the proprietors. Deacon Ephraim Putnam and Capt. Peter 
Clark were appointed this committee. Adjourned." 

The .second Tuesday of December, 1796, the proprietors met 
at Major Gould's in I^yndeborough, and the committee ap- 
pointed to value the several pieces of common lands reported, 
and their report was accepted. The Rev. Dr. Walter requested 


that as he was proprietor of the largest number of shares, he 
might be allowed the first choice ; and the proprietors state, 
that " as we consider he has taken the lead in all matters that 
have been transacted in the meetings of the propriety since 
1792, and been eminently serviceable to said propriety, voted, 
That he be allowed his choice in the division of said commons, 
provided he make his choice known at the next meeting." 

" Voted, to sell land enough to pay the debt of 100 dollars ; 
and as there is uncertainty in respect to the admeasurement of 
several pieces of common land in Lyndeborough and Greenfield, 
voted, that Major Daniel Goold and Ensign John Savage be a 
committtee to measure the same and make report thereof at the 
next meeting. Adjourned to meet at the same place, Major 
Goold's, the third Tuesda)' in April, 1797." At this meeting, 
December, 1796, the name of Jacob Flynn appears for the first 
time as one of the proprietors. He was a resident of Milford, 
and lived " in the north-west part of the town on the place more 
recently owned by John Rand. In addition to the business of 
farming, he at different times in his life was engaged in busi- 
ness as a taverner and trader. He was also repeatedly elected 
to town offices and engaged in the settlement of estates."* 

Third Tuesday of April. 

Major Goold, one of the committee chosen to sell a piece 
of land in order to pay the debt, reported that sickness and 
deaths in his family had prevented his attention to the matter of 
making any sale ; and reported further, that he and Ensign 
Savage, who had been appointed to take measurements of the 
several pieces of common land in Lyndeborough and Green- 
field, had found it impracticable to proceed on account of the 
unfavorable season, but would do so whenever the season per- 
mitted. Rev. Mr. Goodridge named the several pieces of 
common land chosen by Dr. Walter, viz., "The land in com- 
mons near Mr. Flynn's, near the Widow Peabody's, the land on 
which Joseph Epes & Timothy Mclntire live, also the land on 
which Ebenezer Hutchinson dwells, & any commons adjoining 
said pieces, or near his two lots No. 2 and 5, on Amherst line." 
Meeting adjourned to the second Wednesday in June at 9 A. 
M. at the same place. 

Second Wednesday in June, 9 A. M. Major Daniel Goold's 
in Lyndeborough. 

Major Goold was chosen moderator ; and he reported that he 

* Milford Hist., pp. 184 and 185. 



and Ensign Savage, with Andrew Fuller Esq. as surveyor, 
"had gone over the several pieces of commons concerning 
which there was any doubt and have made a plan which they 
offer to the proprietors as a true account of the quantity of the 
commons in Lyndeboro and Greenfield." Voted that the same 
be accepted. Several accounts of the clerk, the committee, and 
others for services were presented, allowed and by vote ordered 
to be paid. Voted, to sell to Dr. Walter a strip of land East of 
the Scataquog Hills sufficient to pay all his demands ; and that 
a deed be executed by the clerk for the same in the name of the 
" Propriety." A vote was taken, confirming to Rev. Sewall 
Goodridge the two pieces of land granted him by the proprie- 
tors as part of his settlement, referred to Feb. ii, 1778. It was 
voted, also, to place on record in the proprietors' book, a list 
of the commons in Lyndeborough and Greenfield, containing 
the number of pieces, the quantity of acres, and the value by 
apprisement this day exactly taken ; which is as follows : 

lyisT OF Commons in Lyndeborough and Greenfield, 
Their Quantity and Value. 




1 at Value 


Near Amherst contains 


|6. pel 

' ac. i 150 


East of Scataquog 


I. ' 



On Amherst line 





In two pieces, Hutchinson 




Jos. Epes & Mclntire 





South of Fletcher grant 

23 >^ 

2 ' 



Joins Francestown 


5 ' 



West of Swan lot 


2 ' 



Northwest cor. old Lyndeborough 


^Yz ' 



Near Wilton in two pieces 


l/z ' 



Near Mr. Flynn 

Whole number of acres 


3 ' 



$4506 value 

This sum, 4506 dollars was to be divided into 43 shares, 
which which would give for each share the sum of $104.79. 

1. It was proposed to offer Dr. Russell a small piece of about 
12 acres near Johnson's poor land, provided he will pay Esq. 
Fuller for a plan of old Lyndeborough and commons as directed 
by the proprietors this 13th of June, 1797, and the clerk to give 
a deed. 

2. Voted, that Rev. Dr. Walter have leave to choose out of 
the pieces of commons as many as shall amount to the shares 
which he claims in value, that is, 1466 dollars. Dr. Walter 
presented a list of the pieces which he had cho.sen, numbers 


I) 3. 4. 9. lo, amounting, it is stated (erroneously), to 493 
acres (should be 498). This land was valued at 1458 dollars. 
" Voted, that his choice be and hereby is allowed ; " and ordered 
that " the clerk execute deed for the same to him, his heirs and 
assigns forever." Voted various portions of this land described 
to the other shareholders, and directed the clerk to give deeds 
of the same to the several persons, their heirs and assigns for- 
ever. Such deeds were issued to Major Daniel Goold, Mr. 
Joseph Sweet by his agent, Rev. Sewall Goodridge, Mr. John 
Savage, Mr. Jacob Flynn, Col. Philip Putnam, Dr. B. Lynde 
Oliver, Andrew Oliver Esq. and Mary Oliver, his wife. Voted, 
"That all and every of the votes and transactions of the pro- 
priety in this and all the foregoing meetings be and they are 
hereby confirmed and ratified. Voted that this meeting be ad- 
journed to the first Wednesday of October next, at 9 o'clock 
A. M., at this place. 

Met as by appointment above ; but as the weather was very 
stormy, adjourned one week. The second Wednesday in 
October, at Major Goold's in lyyndeborough. Present — Major 
Daniel Goold, Mod. ; Rev. Sewall Goodridge, Clerk, and agent 
for several proprietors ; and (two new names) Mr. Joseph 
Crosby on a half share of Mr. Wells and Mr. Daniel Pearson, 
as agent for the heirs of David Nichols. 

David, or Daniel Nichols drew common land on home lot No. 
52, Jacob Wellman, on home lot No. ^y. Timothy Hartshorn 
and Elizabeth Pearsons, widow, heirs to Daniel Nichols, had 
104^ acres of land laid off to them on the south-east corner of 
No. 2, West and North of Jacob Wellman. Joseph Crosby 
had 52 acres laid off to him on Mr. Wells' Right, west of 
Nichols' share No. 2. 

At the meeting in June, 1797, Dr. B. Lynde Oliver had three 
shares voted him, which by some mistake measured equal to 
two. They voted him land sufficient to make up his quantity 
immediately west of the shares already laid off to him in No. 6, 
thus completing his full portion. At the request of the Widow 
Stevenson, twenty-three and three-fifths acres in No. 6 were as- 
signed her immediately west of Dr. B. L. Oliver's. 

The proprietors thus endeavored to close up matters and 
settle all accounts. But the hindrances seemed endless. There 
were delays on account of bad weather, on account of sickness 
and death, on account of mismeasurements of surveys and re- 
surveys, of corrections of bounds, of valuations and apportion- 


ments, of faults in the writings and legal impediments, on 
account of trespassers and law suits and various errors of state- 
ment and difficulties of settlement, and of failure to send plans. 
After the business seemed on the very point of completion, some 
new complication, some provoking interruption, caused a halt in 
proceedings, and a readjustment was required, which postponed 
complete and final settlement. 

Having voted Dr. Walter first choice in the common lands 
and fully paid all their obligations to him, the other proprietors 
considered him no longer one of their number. He had been 
their treasurer for several years, and now that he was to cease 
connection with them it became necessary to appoint a new 
treasurer to take charge of the treasurer's book, reckon with 
the late treasurer, receive any funds which might remain in his 
hands, and give receipt for the same. 

Major Goold was chosen to this office. At the next meeting 
of the ' ' Propriety ' ' he made written report as follows : 

Boston 23, February 1798. 
We the underwritten William Walter & Daniel Goold do 
hereby certify that agreeable to the vote by the proprietors of 
the common & undivided lands in Lyndeborough & Green- 
field in the State of New Hampshire, at the meeting by adjourn- 
ment held at said Lyndeborough on the 2nd. Wednesday in 
October 1797, appointing Major Daniel Goold their Treasurer in 
y^ room Rev. Dr. Wm. Walter, resigned ; and directing said 
Goold to reckon and settle with said Walter the late treasurer. 
That we have this day settled y*' accounts of s'' Walter with y* 
proprietors afors** & there appeared a ballance due to s'' proprie- 
tors of seven pounds & two pence, which ballance s*^ Walter 
paid to s*^ Goold & took his receipt for the same in full of all de- 
mands — /7-0-2 William Walter 
Attest Harriot T. Walter. Daniel Goold 
Voted that this report be accepted & recorded. 

Among the transactions on record for the years 1 798 and 1 799 
were the assigning of several portions of the common lands to 
the persons named as follows : Timothy Hart.shorn, Elizabeth 
Pearsons, Joseph Crosby, B. L. Oliver, Widow Stephenson, 
Capt. Jonathan Peel, Nathan Read, Samuel Wells, Esq., Major 
Daniel Goold, Joseph Peabody, Asa Howe, Stephen Goodhue, 
Hon. Benjamin Goodhue, Esq., John Harwood, Phineas I^und, 
Oliver Perham. Deeds were given to these by the clerk. Dr. 


Russell accepted the twelve-acre lot adjoining Johnson's poor 
land on the proposed conditions, and sold his right to Eliezer 
Woodward in November, 1799. When, however, he presented 
the plan of the town of old I^yndeborough with the several lay- 
ings out of the commons by said " Propriety " since 1792, to be 
examined by the proprietors, they found errors in it. Conse- 
quently they voted to accept the plan ' ' when the errors were 
rectified by said Esq. Fuller, — but not till then, &c. &c. &c." 

Dr. Russell considered his part of the contract fulfilled, and 
sold the land to Eliezer Woodward. He therefore petitioned 
that the deed which was to be given him should be transferred 
to Mr. Woodward ; which petition was granted, and an effectual 
deed executed to said Woodward. 

A method of paying debts was adopted. Accounts for service 
rendered were presented and allowed by vote and duly paid. 
Adjourned to the second Tuesday in May, 1800. Met, but 
owing to absence of Major Goold, adjourned further to the second 
Tuesday in June, 1800. 

Met according to adjournment and voted that the deed be- 
fore transferred from Dr. Russell to Eliezer Woodward, be 
further transferred from Eliezer Woodward to James Ordway, 
and that the clerk be directed ' ' to execute a good & effectual 
deed to said Ordway." 

Voted, that the clerk be and hereby is " impowered to call on 
all who are indebted to the propriety to make immediate pay- 
ment, as they will thereby avoid immediate prosecution." 

Adjourned to the second Tuesday in October, at this place 
(Major Goold's), at 9 o'clock A. M. 

The proprietors met as above stated ; but as the clerk was 
called to attend Superior Court, the meeting was further ad- 
journed to the third Tuesday in October, at the same place and 

Met the third Tuesday in October, 1800. Present, Amos 
Whittemore, Jr., on right of Joseph Blaney, Esq., deceased, 
moderator ; Rev. Sewall Goodridge, clerk, representing several 
proprietors; Major Daniel Goold, Jacob Wellman, on Peabody's 
right. After consultation it was agreed that, " whereas it is 
necessary that the proprietors' accounts be brought to a close as 
soon as may be, therefore, Voted, The Rev. Sewall Goodridge 
& Mr. Jacob Wellman be a committee to reckon & settle with 
Major Gould, Treasurer, & make report at next meeting." 

Fully authorized by law, the proprietors then voted, "That 


all & every of the votes & transactions of the propriety, in this 
& all the foregoing meetings : be & they are hereby ratified and 
confirmed." Adjourned to the second Tuesday of December 
next, at this place, at 9 o'clock A. M. 

The proprietors met the second Tuesday of December, 1800. 
The committee chosen to reckon with the treasurer reported, 
that "they had attended to that business & found that the 
Treasurer had received Money & securities amounting to ^^74- 
7-1 1 ; & had paid orders amounting to ^52-6-4 ; " & that there 
was due from himself & others, responsible parties, sufficient to 
balance the account." The report was accepted. Several ac- 
counts for services were presented and accepted ; and at his re- 
quest the remaineer of lot No. 6, was deeded to Mr. Amos 
Whittemore, as his full share of two rights of common, on 
Blaney's original right. The meeting was then adjourned to 
the second Tuesday of September next, at this place, at 9 
o'clock A. M. 

The proprietors met the second Tuesday in September, 1801. 
Voted that Jacob Wellman be impowered to sell a certain piece 
of common land lying below Purgatory, so called, and voted, 
that as there was an uncertainty respecting a piece of land said 
to be common, in the northeast corner of the town adjoining 
New Boston, Esquire Fuller be impowered to go and measure 
the same. Adjourned to the 4th Tuesday of this September, 
at this place at 9 o'clock A. M. 

The fourth Tuesday of Sept. — Met as by adjournment. 
Major Gould was chosen moderator pro tem. Esquire Fuller 
reported that he had run the line of the lot on the Northeast 
corner of Eyndeborough, adjoining New Boston, and that there 
is left in common 94 rods in length and 25 rods in breadth, equal 
to about 1473 acres. James Ordway showed his right by 
assignment of Adam Johnson, to a piece of land and a deed of 
the same was voted to him. Meeting adjourned to second 
Tuesday of Sept., 1802. 

Second Tuesday of Sept., 1802. Met as by adjournment. 
Present, Amos Whittemore, moderator ; Major Gould, Sewall 
Goodridge, clerk, and Jacob Wellman. 

The meeting opened and Jacob Wellman reported that he 
had sold a piece of land near Purgatory, so called, supposed to 
contain 19 acres, to Mr. Josiah Dodge for $1.25 per acre. The 
sale was confirmed and a deed voted. Rev. Sewall Goodridge 
was impowered by vote, to sell a piece of land in the northeast 


corner of Lyndeborough, near New Boston ; and Mr. Amos 
Whittemore was impowcred to sell a piece in Greenfield and 
make report ; and the clerk was directed to give a deed. Ad- 
journed to the 4th Tuesday in October next, at 9 o'clock A. M., 
at Major Gould's. 

The fourth Tuesday in October, 1802. Met as by adjourn- 
ment. Mr. Amos Whittemore, moderator. Rev. Sewall Good- 
ridge, clerk. Mr. Goodridge reported that "he had not sold 
the land assigned him for want of a purchaser." Mr. Whitte- 
more reported in the same words. Mr. Goodridge offered 
twenty dollars for a certain piece of common land, described ; 
and the same was sold to him, and the moderator was im- 
powered to give a deed. Meeting adjourned to the fourth Tues- 
day in April next, 1803, at 9 o'clock A. M., at the same place. 

Fourth Tuesday in April, 1803. Met as by adjournment. 
Mr. Amos Whittemore, moderator. Rev. Sewall Goodridge, 
clerk, Major Gould, treasurer, and Mr. Jacob Wellman, present. 
The vote of the last meeting to give deed of a certain piece of 
land to Rev. Sewall Goodridge was annulled ; because it ap- 
peared that a part of the same had been previously voted to 
Mr. Solomon Cram. The meeting adjourned to the first Tues- 
day in June next, &c. 

The first Tuesday in June. Met according to adjournment. 
Present, Major Gould, treasurer, Mr. Goodridge, clerk, and 
Mr. Jacob Wellman, Voted, that Rev. Sewall Goodridge be 
allowed and have 8 acres in the common land of No. 9, south 
of land sold to Solomon Cram, at one dollar per acre, Mr. Amos 
Whittemore, moderator, to give the deed. Adjourned to the 
4th Tuesday of June, 1803. 

The fourth Tuesday of June, 1803. The proprietors met as 
by preceding vote, Mr. Amos Whittemore, moderator, absent. 
Therefore adjourned to the first Tuesday in July, 1803. 

The first Tuesday of July, 1803. The proprietors met ac- 
cording to adjournment. Present, Mr. Amos Whittemore, Jr., 
moderator, Sewall Goodridge, clerk. Major Gould, treasurer, 
and Mr. Jacob Wellman. The moderator reported that "he 
had not sold the common land in Greenfield, but had a pros- 
pect of selling the same very soon." Therefore, voted to ad- 
journ to the first Tuesday in August, 1S03, to this place at 9 
o'clock, A. M. 

The first Tuesday in August, 1803. Met as by vote of pro- 
prietors. After consultation, it was agreed to view the remain- 


ing common land in No. 9. The moderator, Mr Amos Whitte- 
more, Mr. Goodridge and Mr. Jacob Wellman offered them- 
selves as a committee for said purpose, and immediately to pro- 
ceed to business, which offer was accepted and they proceeded 
accordingly. On returning, they reported that it was best to 
have the same surveyed. Voted that Mr. Amos Whittemore, 
Jr., survey the same and make report at next meeting. Voted 
to adjourn to the last Tuesday of this inst. August, 1803, at 9 
o'clock A. M. 

The last Tuesday in August, 1803, the proprietors met ac- 
cording to preceding vote. Present, Amos Whittemore, moder- 
ator, S. Goodridge, clerk. Major Gould, treasurer, and Mr. 
Jacob Wellman. 

The meeting being opened, the following preamble and vote 
were agreed to : "Whereas it is made plain to the proprietors 
that the land in common remaining is not sufficient to pay the 
debts of the propriety, therefore. Voted, that each creditor 
take y*^ remaining land in proportion to y'' several as they see 
fit, by paying other claimants &c., leaving a small piece of 
common &c." "Voted to adjourn this meeting to the last 
Tuesday in Sept. next, then to meet at this place, Nine o'clock 
A. M. Sewall Goodridge, clerk." 

Observations of Transcriber. 

Having now finished transcribing and placing in a clearer light 
a large portion of the old records of the proprietors of both 
the Salem-Canada and Lyndeborough grants, the writer feels 
prompted to add, that so far as records can indicate the charac- 
ters of the early proprietors, their posterity and successors have 
just cause for honoring their memory. They were men of 
sterling qualities, liberal-minded, fair dealing, confronting grave 
difficulties with courage and patience, forbearing toward lax 
and delinquent associates, generous to the settlers upon town 
lands, soliciting peaceful rather than litigious courses, but 
reluctant to endure encroachments and recalcitrant toward in- 
sidious, diplomatic robbery. Never is there a suspicion aroused 
of their resorting to trickery or finesse. They endeavored to 
act justly, to correcr errors, to atone for deficiencies, and honor- 
ably to fulfil their agreements. Their thorough paced effi- 
ciency and uprightness in business transactions enhances our 
admiration for the founders of our town. They appear to have 
been endowed with rugged honesty and genuine manliness. 


Many of our early proprietors bore official titles, which was a 
matter of importance in colonial days, even as now in Canada, 
where people assume that only those eschew titles who are not 
authorized to wear them. Among our people were some 
colonels, some majors, several captains, lieutenants, ensigns ; 
and one or two deacons. At least one was a Harvard graduate. 
Chief Justice of the State of Massachusetts, and of most 
honorable character and record. Commencing with such aus- 
pices, it is the less surprising that our citizens have been, in 
general, quiet, industrious, prosperous and patriotic, upright, 
law-abiding, kind and generous. The town has been remarka- 
bly free from vicious elements, and among the more intelligent 
people of sister towns, holds an honored place for its genuine 

Physicai, Features. 

I. Geology. — Having glanced at the settlement of lyynde- 
borough it will now be in place to notice some of its physical 
features. Its territory was indeed a broad and noble domain, 
with marked variety of "hills and woods," "sweeping vales 
and foaming floods," shaded nooks and sunbright knolls, well 
adapted for the homes of stalwart and thrifty husbandmen. 
Under the hand of careful cultivation, some of the finest fruits 
of our temperate zone are now produced in luxurious abun- 
dance upon its fertile soil. 

Professor C. H. Hitchcock in his Geology of New Hamp- 
shire writes of the Temple Mountain Range,' "The map shows 
a line of elevations from Lyndeborough to New Ipswich, whose 
similar topographical features suggest identity of geological 
character. The L,yndeborough mountains rise abruptly from 
the comparatively flat ground of New Boston and Francestown ; 
and the rocks change as quickly as the elevation. Gneiss is 
exchanged for mica schist." . . . Again in describing the 
Hooksett range of quartz, he wrote of its disappearance in 
New Boston and adjacent towns, and of its discovery again at 
a "hill east of J. Haggett's in the east part of Lyndeborough." 
" There is said to be a little quartz by a saw- mill a quarter of a 
mile north of the natural place for the line of outcrop to cross 
the stream, but the rock appears near E. N. Patch's. Irregu- 
larities in direction are to be expected in Lyndeborough, since 
the trend of the rock at Patch's if continued, would carry the 
ledge a mile below its next outcrop, west of J. F. Holt's. It 
continues south of west, and makes the hill near the glass 
works at South Lyndeborough." . . . " The first railroad cut 
west of the station barely touches this bed of quartz." . . . 
" By the eye this range can be followed over the large hill east 
of Burton pond, on the town line between Lyndeborough and 

Wilton, "t 

" Between the Pinnacle and Pack Monadnock mountains is a 
deep valley, cut down by Stony Brook, and the place where the 
railroad passes from Wilton to Greenfield. For two miles or 

*Geol. Vol. II, p. 580. tOeol. II, pp. 540, 541. 


more, the mica schists are well exposed along the axis of the 
mountain ranges."* 

" On the west side of Badger pond the rock is like the Con- 
cord granite, and is used extensively in the neighborhood for 
underpining. The dips about Lyndeborough centre are high 
to the northwest. It has a similar character two miles to the 
southwest, near S. S. Cumming's. A hard granitic gneiss oc- 
cupies the country in the valley of Stony brook for about two 
miles west of South Lyndeborough. The range runs through 
the northwest part of Wilton to Temple. "t 

" Fig. 90," facing p. 545, " illustrates the rocks from South 
Lyndeborough to the west part of Milford, through East 
Wilton. "+ . . . " In the south edge of the village, follow- 
ing the carriage road instead of the railroad, the next interest- 
ing rock is a granite like the Concord in general appearance, 
but full of small, distinct crystals of feldspar." 

Again after referring to the phenomena of potholes at Man- 
chester on the Merrimack, one of which was 12 feet in diameter 
and 25 deep, he continues, " The ' Purgatory,' on the line of 
lyyndeboro and Mont Vernon, shows other potholes. The 
stream — 10 feet wide — winds spirally through a narrow chasm, 
and then falls 15 or 20 feet into a large pool. Both the spiral 
course and the pool are to be classed with potholes, and there 
are several small examples above the main cataract. A cave 
below is thought to have originated from ordinary disintegra- 
tion through freezing. "§ 

The formation known as Glacial Drift is described as follows : 
" The ice accumulated in the St. Lawrence valley so as to flow 
over New England, possibly preceded by a southwest current. 
The whole country would have been covered by a sheet of ice, 
thousands of feet in thickness — probably 7,000 or 8,000 feet in 
the lower part of the state, — flowing southeast towards the 
ocean. This was the period of the formation of the lower till, 
and of the great terminal moraines of lower New England."! 

The lenticular hills of the Glacial Drift form an interesting 
subject of study, and parts of Lyndeborough, as well as that 
section of Wilton detached from Salem-Canada, furnish fine 
examples of these formations. In the eastern part of Green- 
field also, "the}' are finely developed. Two miles northeast of 
Russell's crossing, till lies in rounded masses on the northwest 
slope of Lyndeborough mountain. It also forms a smooth 

•Geol. II, p. 580 tGeol. II, p. 551, |Id., p. 546. ||Geol. Ill, p. 250. J Vol. Ill, p. 337, a. 


area of several acres near its southwest summit, and is spread 
in extensive sheets on its southeast side."* . . . They occur 
also " upon Perham hill, in the northeast corner of Wilton ; " 
again " a mile to the northwest in the edge of Lyndeborough." 
and at North I^yndeborough. 

" A railroad cut in South L,yndeborough, two miles west of 
the station exhibits three layers in the till. The top is the 
familiar loose ferruginous earth, such as universally covers the 
ground-moraine. Next, ^ is a good example of the lower till, 
full of glaciated pebbles, porphyritic and granitic gneisses, 
mica schist, etc., 5 feet, and in one case six feet long. The 
laminated appearance arising from compression is clearly de- 
fined. Beneath this is a coarser mass, reaching to the bottom 
of the cut, so very compact that a pick had no effect when 
struck into it by the workmen ; only gunpowder or a stronger 
explosive could excavate it, and it was necessary that the holes 
should be bored horizontally near the surface to become effec- 
tual in removing the earth."! 

Finally, our author wrote : 

" In Lj'ndeborough there is an establishment fitted up for 
the manufacture of glass based upon the presence of one of the 
beds of quartz," already mentioned, as so common in the south- 
ern counties of the state. "Although milky -white, the quartz 
contains a small percentage of iron and is therefore apt to impart 
a green color . . . to the vessels manufactured from it. + There- 
fore it is best to eliminate the iron as completely as possible, so 
as to secure a better qualitj^ of glass. The rock is put into a 
kiln and burnt, just as if it were limestone being converted 
into lime. The rock becomes friable, so that it can be readily 
crushed and pulverized, and the iron is converted into the 
magnetic oxid. After pulverization, the quartz-flour is made to 
fall in a stream over magnets set like bristles on the surface of 
cylinders. The magnets instantly attract the iron sand, which 
is thus perfectly removed from the quartz by several repetitions 
of the process of falling over the revolving cj^linder. Had not 
the fire removed the water and a portion of the oxygen from 
the iron ore, the magnets could not purify the quartz . . . which 
is now read}' to be put into crucibles. A very large business is 
done at L,yndeborough."§ 

Alas! this last statement, true when published in 1878, re- 

*ni, p. 297. tOeol. in, p. 283, IHustration. t See Vol. I, p. 509. 

§ Geol. I, p. 509 aad III, Fart V, p. 89, combined. 


mains so no longer. The glass-factory is a thing of the past, 
and the flourishing business once done here, is now a reminis- 
cence. Traces and traditions of it still remain as one of the 
branches of manufacture which gave our town more than a 
local reputation, furnished employment to many hands, made 
money more plenty, and nearly all other industries of the popu- 
lation more thriving. 

2. Mineralogy .* Minerals. — It has been written that the world 
might be said to be built upon crystal foundations because 
quartz comprises one-half or more of the mineral formation of 
the globe. It might be said truly of Lyndeborough, for a quartz 
ledge, or chain of quartz ledges having a N. E. trend extends 
through the town. Many of them, the lyucas, Gilmore, Putnam, 
and Hartshorn ledges, have been worked to a greater or lesser 
extent. Quartz and granite (the latter composed of quartz, 
feldspar and mica) predominate among the minerals of our 
town. I have found the following list, some of course very 
sparingly : 


Jasper rock 

Albite (soda feldspar) 


Arsenopyrite, mispickel, arseni- 

" muscovite 

cal irou pyrites 

" biotite 

Bog iron ore 

" schist 

Cairngorm stone 

Petrified wood 



Copper (just a trace) 

" aventurine 


" drusy 

Feldspar, several var. 

" ferruginous 


" false topaz 


*' granular 


" milky 

" porphyritic 

' ' rose 

" hornblendic 

" rock cristal 

" garnetiferous 

" smoky 

" albitic 


" black micaseous 


" graphic 

Talcose schist (named for me 


by Professor Dana of Yale) 

Graphite, plumbago, black lead 

Tourmaline, black 



Iron pyrites 


Black tourmaline, rose quartz and tremolite are found on Pinnacle 
Mt. A peculiarly soft, argillaceous slate containing granular quartz i» 
found on land of J. A. Johnson. 

*Mineralog-y furnished by Mrs. E. A. Putnam. 




The original township of Salem Canada was a tract of land 
six miles square, situated near the centre of Hillsboro County, 
New Hampshire. It contained 23,040 acres of land with 1018 
acres allowed for water (which was probably largely in excess 
of what there really was). It was neither a square nor a rect- 
angle. Rev. Mr. Clark says, "it was nearly square with the ex- 
ception of a corner missing toward Boystown or New Boston. 
The south-east corner was a little north of the Dea. Bartlett 
place on the road to Milford. The south line running from that 
point west, passed back of the Congregational Church, Wilton, 
crossed the Forest road near Mr. L,evi Putnam's mill, running 
past the old north burying ground, Wilton, and a little to the 
south of the old county farm, to a point south west and near the 
Benjamin Whiting house in Temple, about half a mile from the 
old County farm."* 

The west line extended north to within a short distance of 
Greenfield village. The north line extended north of the Pin- 
nacle to the New Boston line. Afterward the land added to the 
township to make up for what was taken to help form Wilton 
or No. 2, made the west line extend nearly to Driscoll Hill, 
Francestown. The north line ran from that point near where 
the Nehemiah Epps blacksmith shop stands, to the New Boston 
line. The "History of Francestown" throws no light on 
the question of where this north line was ; nor does it give the 
size or shape of the tract of land called Lyndeborough Addition. 
But from the fact that the petitioners asking to be allowed to 
join Francestown lived on Driscoll Hill and vicinity, and as 
the map of Society land, published in 1753, gives a straight line 
running east from this hill three and one-half miles as the north 
line of Salem-Canada, it would seem that the above description 
must be true. 

This township of Salem-Cauada was emphatically a land of 
mountains, hills and valleys, and figuratively speaking, there 
were few places in it where a wagon would stand without "trig- 
ging the wheels." It was a well watered, attractive country, 
sightly and healthful. 

The shape of the Lyndeborough of to-day bears little resem- 
blance to that of Salem-Canada, owing to the inroads which 

*Rev. F. G. Clark., Salem-Canada-Lyndeboro', p, i8. 


other towns have made on its territory. It is bounded on the 
west by Temple and Greenfield, on the north by PVancestown, 
on the east by New Boston and Mont Vernon and on the south 
by Milford and Wilton. Its boundary lines are very irregular, 
and have many angles and corners. 

It was undoubtedly very heavily timbered originally, with 
pine and spruce and hemlock, with hard wood ridges covered 
with forests of oak, maple, beech, birch, ash, &c. It is said 
that the balsam fir was never plentiful in Lyndeborough, There 
is very little of what is called " pine plain " land in Lynde- 
borough, that section in North Lyndeborough east and north of 
John H. Goodrich's being the only land of that kind in town. 
The old stump fences in that vicinity show what the original 
growth was there. 

The land, as New England land goes, was and is fertile and 
strong, and the farms compare very favorably with any of those 
of the hill towns of New Hampshire. The early settlers evi- 
dently could not tell just what land could be most easily brought 
into an arable condition, owing to its covering of leaves and 
humus, and sometimes the burnings revealed the fact that they 
had located on stony ground, and they soon removed to more 
favorable localities. This partly accounts for the many cellar 
holes in town. 

While the highest elevations of land in town are generally 
known as the Lyndeborough Mountains, there are four distinct 
peaks, viz.: Pinnacle, Rose, Winn and Piscataquog. They are 
all of the Pack Monadnock range. Rose Mountain was named 
after Abram Rose, who first settled on its eastern slope. Winn 
Mountain was named for persons owning land on its summit, and 
it is unknown who gave the name Pinnacle to the second high- 
est elevation. Nearly every hill has a name handed down from 
early times. 

3. Elevatio7is. — Rose Mountain, 1710; Pinnacle, 1680; Winn 
Mountain, 1075; Piscataquog Mountain, 1262 (commonly, 
called Scataquog) ; Stephenson's Hill, 985 ; elevation back of No. 
9 schoolhouse, 1407 ; Lyndeborough Centre, 880; South Lynde- 
borough, 649; Badger Pond, 800; Burton Pond, 840; Hadley's 
Hill, 132 1 ; Bradley Tay's house, 1280; hill back of the Dol- 
liver place, 1271 ; summit of new road, iioo; Buttrick's mills, 
787; road from the Wilder place to D. B. Whittemore's, 800 
to 900 ; road from the Ryerson place to No. 5 schoolhouse, 800 


to 950 ; Putnam Hill, 800; roads in Johnson's Corner, 700 to 

From a point on the summit of Hadley's Hill (1321) may be 
seen the following mountains. Looking from east to west they 
are nearly in the order named : Joe English, "Uncanoonucs, Paw- 
tuckaway, Saddle-back, Nuts Mt., Nottingham Mt., Fort Mt., 
McCoy's Mt., Brush Hill, Catamount, Straight-back, Belknap 
Mt., Ossipee Mts., Mt, Chocorua, Mt. Paugus, Mt. Passacona- 
way, Mt. Whiteface, Tripyramid, Mt. Washington, Sandwich 
Dome, Mt. Israel, Pemigewasset Mt., Profile Mt., Mt. Stin.son, 
Moosilauke Mt., Mt. Carr, Mt. Kearsarge (Warner) Stewart's 
Peak, Sunapee Mts., Lovetts Mt., Croydon Mt., Crotchet Mt. 
and Knight's Hill. The view of the Grand Monadnock is hid- 
hen by the Pinnacle from this place, but otherwise the view- 
point is rather better than the Pinnacle, although the latter 
is the higher elevation. 

As a rule the north sides of our mountains and hills are slop- 
ing, with an easy grade, while the south sides are more or less 
abrupt and in some places precipitous. Geologists explain this 
as the action of glaciers during the ice period. And speaking 
of the ice period, there are several so-called kettle-holes in 
town. They are circular depressions in the ground, of varying 
size, with a well defined ridge, or lip. These are said to have 
been caused by masses of ice broken from glaciers and left 
stranded, and partially covered with earth and stones. When 
the ice melted, the result was these curious formations. There 
is a very well defined one on land of David G. Dickey, near 
where the writer lives. The trend of the mountain range in 
lyyndeborough is slightly circular from Piscataquog to Winn 
Mt., the direction being toward the southwest, with Peterbor- 
ough, or North Pack Monadnock, next to Winn, It wall be 
seen that the elevation of the ' ' middle of the town ' ' is about 
the same as that of the road at D. B, Whittemore's place, 
and that leaving out of consideration the highest mountain 
land, the average altitude of the town is about 800 feet. 

The southeastern end of Lyndeborough mountain proper 
may be said to be near the old Micah Hartshorn place, later 
owned hy the late Eliphalet J. Hardy. From this there is a 
gradual rise to the summit of Piscataquog Mt., with a very 
abrupt descent on the easterly side, which at a point east of the 
highest elevation known as the " Ledges," becomes precipitous. 


The elevations are taken from Peterboro Quadrangle of the 
U. S. Topographic Map, edition of June, 1900. 

Lyndeborough is exclusively a farming town, and there are 
but two villages within its limits. South Lyndeborough is the 
largest and most closely built, the village at the "Centre" 
being composed mostly of farm houses with considerable inter- 
vals between each. These farmhouses, with the church, town 
house and parsonage compose the village. 

The water-shed of the town to the south is into the Souhegan 
River and thence to the Merrimack, and to the north into the 
Piscataquog River.* 

Ivyndeborough abounds in stones of all shapes and sizes, from 
immense boulders to tiny pebbles, and the early settlers found 
no difficulty in getting material to fence their land. An out- 
cropping of white quartz extends the width of the town from a 
point near where Emery Holt lives to the Temple line. No 
mines of metals, precious or otherwise, have ever been dis- 
covered within the limits of the town, though mining for them 
has been carried on, as related in another chapter. 

Ponds and Streams of LtYNdeborough. 

by j, a. woodward. 
It would be interesting to compare the brooks of Lynde- 
borough, as they are in these later days, with the same streams 
as they were when the town was covered with the primeval 
forest, as they were when the first settlers came to Salem Canada. 
"While the annual rainfall is probably about the same now as 
then, notwithstanding the alarming assertions of the "For- 
estry Commission," the flow of water is not as even as in those 
early days. The shade of the forest, the leaves and moss and 
humus on top of the soil, served to retain the moisture, and 
yield it in a gradual flow through the season. The clearing 
away of the forest, the conversion of the hillsides into open 
pastures, has resulted in quick drainage and sudden and violent 
freshets. The channels or water courses of many of our 
brooks are growing larger year by year and more boulders are 
exposed. Button Brook and the upper part of Cold Brook 
show this wearing-away process more than the others. Another 
resirlt of the cutting away of the forests is the drying up of 

*I think we tnay freely write the name of this river, although it touches but spar- 
ingly our town. It has been immortalized by our Quaker poet in his "Bashaba's Feast," 
which was graced by 

"Cranberries picked in the Squamscot bog, 

And grapes from the vines of Piscataquog." — D. 


the brooks in summer. It is probable that in the early days 
these brooks were never dry, and many small brooks were noted 
for trout forty or fifty years ago where no fish have existed for 
years, owing to the midsummer drouths. The stories and 
traditions that have come down to us of the privations and ex- 
posure of the early settlers seem to indicate that the snowfall 
was much greater then than it is now, but the probabilities are 
that the spring freshets were not as violent, and the rise and 
fall of our brooks were not as sudden as at present. While 
Lyndeborough has few attractions in the way of ponds and 
lakes, it is greatly favored in the number and beauty of its 
mountain brooks. 


Badger Pond is a small sheet of water situated just north of 
the village at the centre. It was named for David and Robert 
Badger, who settled near its northern shore. It would require 
a stretch of the imagination to call it a lovely body of water. 
Its area is about seventeen acres, but it has been curtailed on 
the north and west shore by water brush and a growth of reeds 
and rushes until it is somewhat smaller. Its waters are shallow, 
nowhere much exceeding five feet in depth with a bottom of 
unfathomable mud. No one has yet been able to find solid 
bottom a short distance from the shore. It has been the favor- 
ite abode of the muskrat and water snake. Numbers of these 
last repulsive looking reptiles might be seen, sunning them- 
selves on the hassocks about its edge, a few years ago, but 
they are about exterminated now and arc seldom seen. The 
muskrat used to build its dome-shaped nest around its shores, 
and not many years ago as many as a dozen might be seen 
rising above the ice in winter, like small haycocks, but bitter 
experience with the trappers who broke open the tops of the 
nests and set traps therein, taught these cunning animals 
wisdom and, although they still frequent the pond, they build 
their winter homes in burrows under its banks, and a muskrat's 
house has not been seen there for some years. 

This pond was doubtless a stopping place for the Indians when 
they roamed these mountains and valleys. Whether they had 
a village near its shores \\\\\ probably never be ascertained, 
but in 1863 one of the residents in the vicinity, while digging 
mud near its east shore, unearthed four Indian gouges made of 
stone. They lay near a small spring and were buried about 
eighteen inches in the mud. They arc made of a kind of 



Stone not found in Lyndeborough. One of them is in the posses- 
sion of one of the citizens of the town. This same resident 
also dug up from the sand knoll west of the pond the bones of 
an Indian skeleton. He supposed he had encroached on the 
forgotten grave of some white man, and hastily reinterred the 
bones, but later learned that Samuel Jones and his son, Clark 
B., dug up the skeletons of two Indians at the same locality a 
few years previously — one of which was presented to Frances- 
town Academy — which would indicate that the Indians had a 
permanent abiding place in the vicinity. Badger Pond is the 
favorite resort of the fishermen after pickerel, and is noted for 
the great number and small size of the catch. It is thought by 
some that the meadows which extend for a long distance below 
the pond were once a part of it. It is fed by two small brooks 
coming in from the north and by numerous springs. 

Jonathan Barron was drowned while attempting to cross on 
the ice one Thanksgiving day. He was a young man living 
where F. B. Tay now lives, and started to attend service at 
the church at the Centre. He took the short cut across the 
pond, but the ice was not strong enough to bear his weight. 


While Burton Pond is not what is termed a natural pond it 
is deserving of mention in this history. Most people would 
never mistrust from a casual examination that it was any other 
than a pond formed by nature, but hidden away in the woods 
surrounding it, is the dam built in 1837 by Mr. Otis Smith, 
which created this body of water. Sewell and Eliphalet Put- 
nam acquired the right of flowage and had the dam built to 
form a reservoir of water to run a bobbin-shop in Wilton. 
They purchased the flowage rights of Dexter Burton, Isaac 
Giddings, Ephraim Putnam, and perhaps others. 

This body of water, now known as Burton Pond, is situated 
in the southwest part of the town. It can by no means be 
called a pretty sheet of water, and yet from some parts of it a 
beautiful view of the mountains to the west may be obtained. 
The land flowed was heavily covered with forest growth and as 
much of this was cut after the pond was formed, it is pretty 
thoroughly dotted with stumps, and navigation is uncertain. 
The fisherman finds his scow hard and fast on a submerged 
snag, and further progress stopped until he can work off. It 
is also a repository of lost fishing tackle. In shape it is very 
irregular, in fact, it is almost all coves. While pickerel abound 


the toothsome but homely horn-pout is its principal product. 
Its muddy bottom yields hundreds annually. Raccoons and 
mink abound about its shores, and its roots and snags are the 
favorite sunning places for the tortoise. The writer once 
found a pretty wild-flower growing in a hollow of a stump 
away in the middle of the pond, and speculated much how the 
seed got there. The pond is said now to be the private property 
of Dr. Frye of Wilton and many of the stumps were removed 
during the winter of 1903-4. 


Cold Brook has its source in springs on the mountain west of 
Robt. C. Mason's house. It flows down the mountain in a 
northeasterly direction until it reaches the Whittemore meadow, 
where it makes an abrupt turn to the east. At the foot of this 
meadow it is joined by the waters of a small brook that rises 
south of the Wilson place. Its course is then almost due east, 
and with comparatively little fall until it crosses the new 
road, so called. It has by this time become a pretty good 
sized stream, and its bed is strewn with immense boulders 
as it plunges down the steep mountain side, until it 
emerges into the meadows in New Boston. It enters the Pis- 
cataquog River a short distance above Paper Mill Village. Its 
whole length is about three and one-half miles. About sixty 
rods below where it crosses the new road it plunges through a 
steep ravine, over ledges, now a pool, now a cascade, forming a 
scene as wild and grand and withal as beautiful as can be found 
in southern New Hampshire. Standing at the foot of this ra- 
vine and looking up, one can see for nearly twenty rods a series 
of tumbling cascades, mossy ledges and overhanging boulders. 
This charming place is little known and seldom visited except 
by trout fishermen, but will amply repay anyone who will take 
the trouble to find it. It can be most easily reached from the 
road at C. H. Senter's house. 

Capt. Peter Clark built a saw-mill on this brook back of the 
house where Henry Holden lives. Traces of the old dam may 
still be seen. He records in his " Diary " that he " began to 
saw at my mill March 15, 1775." Considering that he set out 
for Lyndeborough Jan. 23, 1775, arriving the 25th of that 
month, he must have labored diligently through the winter. He 
built his house near this mill, sawing the lumber for the same at 
the mill. About the year 1835 Ebenezer Flint built a peg-mill 


on this brook also. It was located near where the new road 
crosses the brook. 


Has its source in springs on the old Woodward or French place 
on the north side of the mountain. It is a small brook, and 
runs in a northerly direction until it reaches the Woodward 
meadows in Francestown, when it turns to the east and flows 
into Cressy River, or Rand Brook as it is called by some. It is 
a turbulent stream during high water, as its course is almost 
directly down the mountain side. Its length is about a mile 
and a half, and there was never any mill on its banks. 


Rises on the north side of the mountain and not more than 
twenty rods from the source of the Button Brook. They have 
both been famous trout streams. It flows north through the in- 
tervale land south of No. 8 schoolhouse, and thence down 
the mountain side, joining the Button Brook just before it enters 
Cressy River. On the bank of this brook is a large boulder of 
steatite, or soapstone, of the finest quality. It was found by 
Baniel Woodward, Sr., in 1835, and since then it has caused 
much speculation as to how it came there, and much searching 
for a quarr}^ of the stone, supposed to be in the vicinity. The 
land where it lies is now owned by Willis J. Stephenson. 


Is a small brook which rises on the mountain southwest of the 
Bolliver place and flows into the river a little way below But- 
trick's mill. It is a very crooked stream, but its general course 
is a little north of east. 

The stream commonly known as the ' ' River ' ' has its source 
in the swamps west of the Fletcher place in Greenfield. Its 
upper part is known by several names, and there is a tradition 
that it was called as a whole, " Bear Brook " in the early days ; 
but now that part of it in Lyndeborough is generally spoken of 
as the River — probably for the reason that it is the largest 
stream of water in town. At first its course is generally south- 
west and it is but a small brook, but in the meadows east of 
Russell's Station it runs due west for some distance. In this 
meadow it receives the waters of Buncklee Brook, and there is 
a very noticeable increase in the volume of water from this on. 


Just below this meadow it bends to the south and maintains that 
direction until it leaves Lyndeborough and becomes "Stony 
Brook" of Wilton. After passing through the intervale land 
near the Jacob Butler place it receives the waters of Frye Brook 
from Peterborough mountain, and when it enters Lyndeborough 
has become a considerable stream. It bends sharply to the east 
soon after passing the town line, but soon returns to its south- 
erly course. A short distance below where it passes under the 
railroad bridge, are the remains of a dam* and some of the tim- 
bers of the penstock where once stood a mill, the first on the 
stream. Who first built there is to the writer unknowm. Only 
a little way below this mill site is where the Stephensont saw 
mill stood for many years, but nothing except some of the stone 
work of the dam remains at this time. From this on the river is 
a succession of dark pools, about immense boulders with but 
little fall until the site of the mill best known, perhaps, as But- 
tricks, now owned by Mr. Colburn, is reached. It is said that 
Joshua Sargent once had a fulling mill here. Not far below 
Buttrick's mill this stream receives the waters of Beasom Brook, 
ind thence to South Lyndeborough its course is through a 
deep, rocky ravine. Its next interruption is the mill site and 
dam of the Hadley Bros, mill, where Levi Tyler first built. It 
is said there used to be a mill west or southwest of the village, 
and another grist mill just before the Wilton line is reached. 
This stream flows into the Souhegan River at Wilton and is its 
principal branch. 


Two small brooks from the south side of the mountain, unite 
in the meadows south of B. G. Herrick's place to form Mill 
Brook. The easterly one is known as the Poor Farm Brook, 
and the one to the west as the Herrick Brook. They are small 
streams, but ever since farmers' boys tied a string to an alder 
pole, and on days when it rained so hard they could not shell 
corn in the chamber, went forth with a box of fish worms, 
these two brooks have been their Mecca. At the foot of the 
above-mentioned meadow used to stand a saw-mill said to have 
been built by a Mr. Hildreth, afterw^ard owned by Jonathan 
Stephenson. I It is gone now but the dam remains to confine 
the water as a reservoir for the mill, which has been built below 
the road. This mill is owned by Willis J. Stephenson. 

* Built by Jouatlian Butler. t First built by John Stephenson and Jotham Hildreth. 
t Built by Jotham Hildreth, Sr. 


Just below this mill is Andy Holt's shingle mill, and in this 
vicinity, probably between the two, was built the first corn or 
grist mill to be erected in town. It must have been an im- 
portant place to the early settlers of the town. This brook 
possesses more historical interest perhaps than any other in 
town, from the fact that the first saw-mill and the first grist- 
mill to be erected were on its banks. From the Holt mill 
its course is almost due east through the Stephenson and 
Boutwell meadows, under the old stone bridge on the road 
from South Lyndeborough to the Centre, through the wood 
lot known as the ' ' Promised L,and ' ' to the I^ucas meadows, 
where it bends to the southwest. Below here is the saw-mill 
now owned by E. H. Putnam and a little below that is the 
" stone mill," so called, where for a number of years the quartz 
rock was ground and prepared for use in the glass factory. 
This mill is also owned by E. H. Putnam. It was in this sec- 
tion of the stream that the first saw-mill was built, but its exact 
location is to the writer unknown. It is said that an iron 
furnace or foundry was located near here, where kettles and 
various useful articles were moulded, and from which the brook 
got one of its names. t After passing under the railroad the 
stream soon enters the " River " or " Stony " Brook. 


Has its source in swamps on the mountains northwest of the 
Pinnacle House. It flows down the steep mountain side in a 
series of pools and cascades until it reaches the meadows in 
Greenfield. Its general direction is northwesterly and its waters 
are peculiarly clear and limpid. It flows into the " River " east 
of Russell's Station and was once a noted trout stream. 


Is a small stream, often dry in summer, which has its source 
northwest of Ethan Woodward's place. It gets its name from 
the amber hue of its water. It enters the river near Hadley 
Brothers' mill. 


Mr. E. C. Curtis says this stream was called "Winners" 
Brook in the early days. That name is probably a corruption 
of "Wainwood," by which name this brook, after it joined 
Purgatory or Halfway Brook, was referred to in the early 
records of Salem Canada. It was known as "Trail" Brook 

t Owned and operated by Henry and James Cram. 


from the fact that the first path or trail from Narragansett No. 
3, or Amherst, into Salem Canada followed its course for a long 
distance. It has its source in Badger Pond and is at first a 
shallow, sluggish stream. It flows easterly through meadows 
which were undoubtedly beaver ponds at one time, but it soon 
turns to the south and thence its course is southeastward until 
it enters Milford. Just east of the old Rand place there are the 
ruins of a dam, where Nehemiah Rand built a saw-mill, proba- 
bly in 1777, one of the first erected in town, but long since 
gone. It was in the vicinity of this mill that many thought 
the central village would be located. Near where this brook 
crosses the road to "Johnson's Corner " it is said once stood a 
grist mill, but little if any trace of it can now be found. A 
short distance below this is the saw-mill built or removed to this 
place by Micah Hartshorn, now owned by E. J. Hardy. 

Next is the site of a saw-mill owned by E. C. Curtis and 
in operation until a comparatively recent time. The stream 
crosses the road from Johnson's Corner to Wilton and near 
here Eli Curtis, father of E. C. Curtis, had a mill which he 
operated many years. Mr. E. C. Curtis is authority for the 
statement that below this was once a grist mill, the first built in 
that section of the town, and that some of the old timbers may 
still be seen. Still farther down this stream, almost to the 
Milford line, is the saw-mill owned by the Howards of Milford. 
This brook joins Purgatory Brook and ultimately flows into the 
Souhegan River. It is eminently a "trapper's" brook, its 
many sluggish pools making it the congenial home of the 
mink, the muskrat and the otter. Only two mills remain on its 
entire length but it has probably furnished power to saw more 
lumber than any other brook in town. 

There are many other small brooks and water-courses in 
town, most of them dry in midsummer. One that has its 
source near H. H. Joslin's place and crosses the roads north of 
the Foster Woodward place, flows through Mrs. Sargent's and 
the Stephensons' meadows and enters Mill Brook at Andy Holt's 
mill. Another has its source south of the schoolhouse at North 
Ivyndeborough and flows easterly, crossing the turnpike and 
entering New Boston and the Piscataquog River. Another, 
sometimes called Silver Mine Brook, skirts the base of Scata- 
quog mountain on the east side, and flowing northerly enters 
Cold Brook at the head of Senter's meadow. Purgatory Brook 
is also for a short distance within the limits of the town. 


The Fauna. 

The flora has been prepared with painstaking diligence by 
Mrs. E. A. Putnam. The fauna and its incidents of adventure 
are submitted with much difl&dence by a less skilful hand. 

Wild animals, as all are aware, were numerous in the earlj^ 
days of our town. The moose, though less common than the 
deer, was not a great stranger to our territory. The bear, the 
wolf, the beaver, the sable had their dwelling places on our hills 
and along our streams. There is a tradition that when one of 
the pioneers, whose name now escapes memory, was plowing 
with his oxen a moose came out of the neighboring forest and 
frightened his oxen. In an attempt to scare the wild creature 
away, it rushed at him, threw him down, and with its forward 
feet punched at him to crush his head. It, however, missed its 
aim, and sunk its sharp hoofs into the ground on each side, and 
went away, leaving him but little injured. 

Captain Wellman had an adventure in bear hunting similar 
to that which has been reported of Israel Putnam of Revolution- 
ary fame. He killed the animal in his den when he could see 
little more than the glare of its eyes. He afterwards went into 
the den and fastened a rope around him, but needed assistance 
to draw him out. 

Captain Wellman lived at Johnson's Corner, on the place now 
occupied by Mr. Frank Carson. He had two sons, Jacob and 
John, respectively, ten and eight years of age. About the year 
1758, the boys were left alone by their parents one day. The 
gun hung in its accustomed place, and they were warned not to 
use it, for it was heavily loaded for a bear. They were also 
ordered not to leave the house for fear the bears might catch 
them. But no sooner were the parents out of sight than the 
boys took down the gun and started off into the woods. When 
about a half a mile from home they met a huge bear, which 
stood up before them. Jacob rested the gun on John's shoulder 
and fired, and shot the bear dead. The boys then went home. 
When the parents returned they soon learned what had hap- 
pened, and with the assistance of neighbors the bear was 
brought home. 

We may suppose that the father was so glad that his children 
were unharmed and had made such an excellent shot that he 
did not insist on trouncing them as they deserved for their 


One season, it is said, the bears made sad havoc of the corn 
fields in Johnson's Corner. The people had tried to hunt and 
trap them but without success. At their wits' end, they sought 
assistance from Osgood Carleton, who had just returned from 
one of his surveying trips, and whom they knew as a skilful 
trapper and hunter. He tried his hand at setting a gun-trap, 
and spent the night at Mr. Carson's, on what is now known as 
the Kilburn Curtis place. In the gray dawn of the next morn- 
ing the old Scotch housekeeper called out, ' ' Osga, your gun 
gaed off ! " " Stopping only for his pants, — barefoot — he re- 
paired to the scene. It was not yet light. He could see no 
bear. He jumped from the fence on what seemed to be a black 
log, and landed plumb on the dead bear." Major Proctor, the 
narrator of this incident, thought the surprise had been mutual 
had bruin been alive. The beast had thriven on the corn, and 
is said to have tipped the beam at more than four hundred 

It is also told that a man living where Harry Richardson now 
lives, had a big, shaggy dog which one day started a wildcat. 
The man had his gun. The wildcat seized the dog and gave 
him a furious shaking. But the man shot the cat, which proved 
to be a very large one. 

There is a well attested tradition that on Woodward Hill, in 
the western part of the town, was a farm which produced a large 
quantity of hay that the owner was accustomed to feed out on 
the place to his sheep and young cattle. It was easier to dis- 
pose of it thus, than to haul it away to be fed out elsewhere. 
His two sons, who were large boys, were sent there to take care 
of the animals in the winter. These boys were frequently 
aroused in the night by the howling of the wolves which came 
near to seek their prey. Sometimes the boys would go out in 
the night to protect their flock and drive the wild beasts away. 

Mr. IvUther Cram, who occupies the old homestead, states 
that once when wolves were howling around his grandfather's 
buildings, his father was directed to take the gun and go out 
and discharge it to frighten them away. He did so, and saw 
several of the pack bounding off over the hill above the house. 

Bears and wolves have entirely disappeared from our town. 
So have also the moose, which probably never were numerous. 
For a few years past, however, many deer have been seen, and 
seem to be on the increase. Some specimens of the Canadian 
lynx or wildcat are occasionally seen, and Mr. Samuel Dolliver 


has succeeded in shooting one or two within a few years. An 
otter was trapped in the eastern part of the town last fall by Mr. 
Roy Burton. Red foxes are frequently caught. Rabbits 
abound. Squirrels, red, gray and striped are hunted. The 
hedgehog, woodchuck, weasel, skunk, rat, mouse, mole and bat 
are among the inferior creatures which infest our borders. 
Beaver and sable, common in early days, are unknown, but 
the raccoon, mink and muskrat inhabit our territory now. 

It is narrated ' ' that when Andrew Harwood was a boy he 
used to bait wild turkeys with corn on what was called Carkin 
Hill. He fixed a place for them to put their heads through to 
get the corn so that they would be in a straight row. A flock 
came, and while eating he fired from his ambush and killed 
eight of them at a single shot."* 

Partridges are often abundant. But they are said to be un- 
lawfully snared at '.times ; and are surely killed in the game 
season in such numbers as to diminish the abundance. Water- 
fowl visit us but in passing. Our ponds are too small to afford 
them seclusion and safety. Heron have, however, been with 
us a few seasons, and are believed to have reared their j^oung 
beside a neighboring fen. 

The valleys of the Souhegan and its tributaries are the 
pleasant haunts of many varieties of the feathered tribes. To 
name these might afford something more than holiday diversion 
to even an ornithologist, which the writer is not. Only the 
common names, therefore, of well-known birds may be ex- 
pected. The crow, the owl, the hawk, blue-jay, robin, wood- 
pecker, yellow-hammer, lark, brown thrush, catbird, bobolink, 
oriole, finches, sparrows, barn swallows, chimney swallows or 
swifts, quails, pigeons, whip-poor-wills, nighthawks, warblers, 
flycatchers, blackbirds, blue birds, tanagers, grossbeaks, chick- 
adees, wrens, humming birds ; these and the varieties ranged 
under some of the foregoing terms will impress upon us the 
idea that our feathered guests are very numerous and of grave 
as well as gay and even gorgeous plumage. 

An expert fisherman informs me that our fish are limited to 
speckled trout, pickerel, horned pout, sunfish, minnows and 

The reptiles are those common to neighboring towns ; and 
consist of the tortoise, toad, snake — the green, striped, black, 
mottled snake or adder, and water snake — small lizards, snails, 

*Johii Carleton's letter. 



centipedes, &c., are also found here and there, but are neither 
very numerous nor venomous. 

Such are the principal creatures which have found either 
temporary or permanent abodes upon our soil. 


The following paper was contributed by Mrs. Kliza A. 
Putnam in response to a request for a description of the flora 
of L,yndeborough. The paper is itself an evidence of her in- 
dustry and interest in the subject to which she has so kindly 


Common wild clematis ; virgin's-bower; 

traveler's joy. 

Wind-flower ; wood anemone 
Round-lobed hepatica ; liver leaf 
Tall meadow-rue 
Bulbous crowfoot ; buttercups 
Tall crowfoot or buttercups 
Early crowfoot ; buttercups 
Marsh marigold 
Wild columbine 
White baneberry 


Common barberry 
Sweet-scented water-lily 
Common yellow pond-lily 


Side-saddle flower ; pitcher plant , 
huntsman's cap 



Clematis Virginiana 

Anemone Virginiana 
Anemone quinquefolia 
Hepatica triloba 
Thalictrum polygamum 
Ranunculus bulbosus 
Ranunculus acris 
Ranunculus repens 
Caltha palustris 
Coptis trifolia 
Aquilegia Canadensis 
Actea alba 

Berberis vulgaris 

Brasena peltata 
Nymphsea odorata 
Nuphar advena 

Sarracenia purpurea 

Chelidonium majus 

Corydalis glauca 

Nasturtium Armoracia 
Cardamine Pennsylvanica 
Sisymbrium officinale 
Brassica vSinapistrum 
Brassica nigra 
Capsella Bursa-pastoris 


Pale corydalis 


Small bitter cress 
Hedge mustard 
Black mustard 
Shepherd's purse 

* A few names have been added to this list by W. L. Whittemore and by H. W. Whitte- 
tnore ; some corrections have been made at the Gray Herbarium of Harvard University. 



Viola rotundifolia 
Viola lanceolata 
Viola blanda 
Viola cucuUata 
Viola fimbriatula 
Viola couspersa 
Viola pubescens 

L,echea intermedia 

Drosera rotundifolia 

Hypericum perforatum 
Hypericum ellipticum 
Hypericum maculatum 
Hypericum mutilum 
Hypericum Candadense 
Hypericum nudicaule 
Elodes campanulata 

Saponaria oflficinalis 
Stellaria media 
Stellaria longifolia 
Cerastium vulgatum 
Sagina procumbens 
Spergula arvensis 

Portulaca oleracea 

Malva rotundifolia 

Tilia Americana 

Geranium maculatum 
Geranium Robertianum 
Impatiens pallida 
Impatiens fulva 
Oxalis Acetosella 
Oxalis cymosa 

Rhus typhina 
Rhus glabra 
Rhus copallina 
Rhus venenata 
Rhus Toxicodendron 


Round-leaved violet 
Lance-leaved violet 
Sweet white violet 
Common blue violet 
Arrow-leaved violet 
Dog violet 
Downy yellow violet 




Round-leaved sundew 


Common St. John's-wort 

Orange-grass ; pine-weed 
Marsh St. John's-wort 


Common soap-wort ; bouncing Bet 
Common chickweed 
Long-leaved stitchwort 
Mouse-ear chickweed 
Corn spurry 


Common purslane 

Common mallow 




Wild cranesbill 
Herb Robert 
Pale touch-me-not 
Spotted touch-me-not 
Common wood-sorrel 
Yellow wood-sorrel 


Staghorn sumach 

Smooth sumach 

Dwarf sumach 

Poison sumach or dogwood 

Poison ivy ; poison oak 



Vitis Labrusca 
Vitis iL'stivalis 
Vitis vulpina 
Ampelopsis quinquefolia 

Acer Pennsylvanicum 
Acer spicatum 
Acer saccharinum 
Acer dasycarpum 
Acer rubrum 

Polygala sanguinea 
Polygala paucifolia 

Trifolium arvense 
Trifolium pratense 
Trifolium repens 
Trifolium agrarium 
Melilotus oflficinalis 
Melilotus alba 
Robinia Pseudacacia 
Desmodium nudifiorum 
Desmodium acuminatum 
Lespedeza capitata 
Apios tuberosa 
Amphicarpsea nionoica 

Prunus Pennsylvanica 
Prunus Virginiana 
Prunus serotina 
Spiraea latifolia 
Spirsea tomentosa 
Agrimonia striata 
Geum rivale 
Potentilla Norvegica 
Potentilla simplex 
Potentilla argeutea 
Potentilla fruticosa 
Fragaria Virginana 
Dalibarda repens 
Rubus odoratus 
Rubus occidentalis 
Rubus nigrobaccus 
Rubus villosus 
Rubus hispidus 
Rosa Carolina 
Rosa lucid a 
Rosa rubiginosa 


Northern fox-grape 
Summer grape 
Winter or frost grape 
Virginia creeper 


Striped maple ; moosewood 
Mountain maple 
Sugar or rock maple 
White or silver maple 
Red maple 



Rabbit-foot or stone clover 

Red clover 

White clover 

Yellow or hop clover 

Yellow melilot 

White melilot 

Common locust or false acacia 




Ground-nut ; wild bean 

Hog pea-nnt 


Wild red cherry 


Wild black cherry 

Common meadow-sweet 

Hardback ; steeple-bush 

Common agrimony 

Water or purple avens 

Norway cinque-foil 

Common cinque-foil or five-finger 

Silvery cinque-foil 

Shrubby cinque-foil 

Wild strawberry 


Purple flowering raspberry 

Black raspberry ; thimble-berry 

Common or high blackberry 

Low blackberry ; dewberry 

Running swamp blackberry 

Swamp rose 

Dwarf wild-rose 




Cratfegus coccinea 
Crataegus tomentosa 
Pyrus Malus 
Pyrus arbutifolia 
Pyrus Americana 
Amelanchier Canadensis 

Ribes Cynosbati 
Ribes prostratum 
Ribes rubrum 
Saxifraga Pennsylvanica 
Saxifraga Virginiensis 
Mitella diphylla 
Tiarella cordifolia 
Chrysosplenium Americanum 

Scarlet-fruited thorn 

Black or pear thorn 



American mountain ash 

Shad-bush ; service-berry 


Wild 'gooseberry 
Fetid currant 
Red currant 
Swamp saxifrage 
Early saxifrage 
Mitrewort; bishop's cap 
False mitrewort 
Golden saxifrage 

Sedum Telephium 




Hamamelis Virginiana Witch-hazel 

evening-primrose' FAMILY 

Circjea Lutetiana 
Circsea alpina 
Epilobium angustifolium 
Epilobium lineare 
Epilobium coloratum 
CEnothera biennis 
CEnothera pumila 
lyudwigia palustris 

Enchanter's nightshade 
Enchanter's nightshade 
Great willow herb ; fire-weed 

Hydrocotyle Americana 
Pastinaca sativa 
Angelica atropurpurea 
Slum cicutaefolium 

Aralia racemosa 
Aralia hispida 
Aralia nudicaulis 
Aralia trifolia 

Cornus Canadensis 
Cornus circinata 
Cornus stolonifera 
Cornus alternifolia 
Nyssa sylvatica 

Lonicera ciliata 

Common evening primrose 

Common evening primrose 

Water purslane 
PARSLEY family 

Water pennywort 

Common parsnip 

Great angelica 

Water parsnip 


Bristly sarsaparilla 

Wild sarsaparilla 

Dwarf ginseng ; ground-nut 


Dwarf cornel ; bunch-berry 
Round-leaved cornel or dogwood 

Alternate-leaved cornel 
Tupelo ; "pepperidge ; black or sour 
gum tree 





Diervilla trifida 
Sambiicus Canadensis 
Sambucus racemosa 
Viburnum Lcutago 
Viburnum deutatum 
Viburnum acerifolium 
Viburnum lantanoides 
Viburnum cassinoides 

Galium asprellum 
Galium Claytoni 
Galium triflorum 
Galium lanceolatum 
Cephalanthus occidentalis 
Mitchella repens 
Houstonia cjerulea 

Eupatorium purpureum 
Eupatorium perfoliatum 
Sericocarpus conyzoides 
Aster corymbosus 
Aster macrophyllus 
Aster Isevis 
Aster undulatus 
Aster ericoides 
Aster Tradescanti 
Aster puniceus 
Aster acuminatus 
Aster linariifolius 
Aster umbellatus 
Erigeron Canadensis 
Erigeron bellidifolius 
Erigeron annuum 
Erigeron strigosus 
Solidago bicolor 
Solidago caesia 
Solidago puberula 
Solidago arguta 
Solidago nemoralis 
Solidago Canadensis 
Solidago serotina 
Solidago rugosa 
Solidago lanceolata 
Inula Heleuium 
Ambrosia trifida 
Ambrosia artemisia;folia 

Tussilago Farfara 
Rudbeckia laciniata 


Common elder 

Red-berried elder 

Sweet viburnum 


Maple-leaved arrow-wood ; dockmackie 

Hobble-bush ; American way-faring-tree 



Rough bedstraw 
Small bedstraw 
Sweet-scented bedstraw 
Wild liquorice 


Joe-pye weed ; trumpet weed 
Thoroughwort ; boneset 
White-topped aster 

Double-bristled aster 

Horse-weed ; butter-weed 

Robin's plantain 

Daisy fleabane ; sweet scabious 


Great ragweed 
Roman wormwood 


hog-weed ; bitter- 



Rudbeckia hirta 

Heliauthus tuberosus 

Bideiis frondosa 

Bidens cernua 

Anlhemis Cotula 

Achillea Millefolium 

Chrysanthemum Leucanthemum 

var. subpinnatifidum 
Tanacetum vulgare 
Artemisia vulgaris 
Artemisia Absinthium 
Gnaphalium polycephalum 
Guaphalium uligiuosum 
Antennaria plantagiuea 
Erechtites hieracifolia 
Senecio aureus 
Cnicus lauceolatum 
Cnicus pumilus 
Cnicus arvensis 
Arctium L,appa 
Cichorium Intybus 
Leontodon autumnalis 
Hieracium Canadense 
Hieracium scabrum 
Hieracium paniculatum 
Hieracium venosum 
Prenanthes trifoliolata 
Prenanthes altissima 
Taraxacum officinale 
Lactuca Canadensis 
Lactuca leucophaea 

Jerusalem artichoke 
Common beggar-ticks 
Larger bur-marigold 
Common May-weed 
Common yarrow or milfoil 

Ox-eye or white daisy ; white-weed 

Common tansy 

Common mugwort 

Common wormwood 

Common everlasting 

IvOw cudweed 

Plantain-leaved everlasting 


Golden ragwort ; squaw-weed 

Common thistle 

Pasture thistle 

Canada thistle 

Common burdock 

Succory or cichory 

Fall dandelion; hawkbit 

Canada hawkweed 

Rough hawkweed 

Panicled hawkweed 


White lettuce ; rattlesnake root 

Tall white lettuce 

Common dandelion 

Wild lettuce 

False or blue lettuce 

Lobelia cardinalis 
Lobelia inflata 
Lobelia spicata 
Lobelia Dortmanna 

Campanula rotundifolia 
Specularia perfoliata 

Gaylussacia frondosa 
Gaylussacia resinosa 
Vaccinium Oxycoccus 
Vaccinium macrocarpou 
Vaccinium Vitis-Idaea 
Vaccinium Pennsylvauicum 
Vaccinium Canadense 
Vaccinium vacillans 
Vaccinium corymbosum 


Indian tobacco 

Water lobelia 

Venus's looking-glass 


Blue tangle ; dangleberry 

Black huckleberry 

Small cranberry 

Large or American cranberry 


Dwarf blueberry 

Canada blueberry 

Low blueberry 

Common or Swamp blueberry 



Epigaea repens 

Gaultheria procumbens 
Cassandra calyculata 
Audroitiecla ligustrina 
Kalmia latifolia 
Kalmia augustifolia 
Kalmia glaiica 
Rlioilodendron nudiflora 
Rhododcudron Rhodora 
Pyrola Americana 
Pyrola chlorantha 
Pyrola secunda 
Chimapliila umbellata 
Monotropa uniflora 
Monotropa Hypopitys 

Ilex verticillata 
Nemopanthus fascicularis 

Plautago major 
Plantago lanceolata 

Trientalis Americana 
Lysimachia stricta 
Lysimachia quadrifolia 
Steirouema ciliatum 
Anagallis arveusis 

May-flower ; ground laurel ; trailing 

Creeping wintergreen 

Calico-bush ; mountain laurel 
Sheep laurel ; lambkill 
Pale laurel 

Purple azalia ; pinxter-flower 
Wintergreen ; shin-leaf 

Pipsissewa ; Prince's pine 

Indian pipe 

Pine-sap ; false beech-drops 


Black alder; winterberry 
Mountain holly 

PIvANTAIN famii,y 

Common plantain 
Ribgrass ; ripplegrass ; 



English plan- 

Utricularia vulgaris 

Epiphegus Virginiana 
Aphyllon uniflorum 

Verbascum Thapsus 
Verbascum Blattaria 
Linaria vulgaris 
Cheloue glabra 
Mimulus ringens 
Veronica scutellata 
Veronica oflicinalis 
Gerardia purpurea 
Gerardia quercifolia 
Melampyrum Americauui 



Greater bladderwort 


Beech-drops ; cancer-root 
One-flowered cancer-root ; naked broom 


Common mullein 

Moth mullein 

Toad-flax'; butter-and-eggs; ramsted 

Turtle-head ; snake-head 


Marsh speedwell 

Common speedwell 

Purple gerardia 




.Verbena hastata 
Verbena urticsefolia 

Trichostema dichotomum 
Mentha viridis 
Mentha piperita 
Mentha Canadensis 
Lycopus Virginices 
Hedeoma pulegioides 
Nepeta Cataria 
Nepeta Glechoma 
Prunella vulgaris 
Scutellaria galericulata 
Scutellaria lateriflora 
Leonurus Cardiaca 

Blue vervain 
Nettle-leaved or white vervain 


Bastard pennyroyal 



Wild mint 

Bugle-weed ; water hourhound 

American pennyroyal 


Ground ivy : gill-over-the-ground 

Self-heal : heal-all 


Echinospermum Virginicum Beggar's lice 


Convolvulus sepium 
Cuscuta Gronovii 

Solanum Dulcamara 
Datura Stramonium 

Gentiana crinita 

Gentiana Andrewsii 

Limnanthemum lacunosum Floating heart 


Hedge bindwood 



Jamestown-weed ; thorn-apple 


Fringed gentian 
Closed gentian 

Apocjnum androsaemifolium 
Asclepias Cornuti 
Asclepias phytolaccoides 
Asclepias incarnata 

Fraxinus Americana 
Fraxinus sambucifolia 

Phytolacca decandra 

Chenopodium album 

Amarantus retroflexus 
Amarantus albus 

Dogbane ; Indian hemp 
Common milkweed or silkweed 
Poke milkweed 
Swamp milkweed 
White ash 
Black or water ash 

Common poke ; garget ; pigeon berry 


Lamb's quarters ; pigweed 



Polygonum Persicaria 
Polygonum Hydropiper 

Lady's thumb 
Common smartweed or water-pepper 



Polygonum aviculare 
Polygonum arifolium 
Polygonum sagiLtatum 
Polygonum Convolvulus 
Polygonum scandeus 
Rumex Acetosella 
Rumex obtusifolius 
Rumex crispus 

Sassafras officinale 
Iviudera Benzoin 

Dirca palustris 

Eixphorbia maculata 
Euphorbia Cyparissias 
Acalypha Virginica 

Ulmus Americana 
Urtica gracilis 
Pilea pumila 
Humulus IvUpulus 

Juglans ciuerea 
Carya alba 

Betula leuta 
Betula lutea 
Betula populifolia 
Betula papyrifera 
Alnus incana 
Quercus alba 
Quercus velutina 
Quercus rubra 
Quercus Prinus 
Castanea dentata 
Fagus ferruginea 
Corylus Americana 
Corylus rostrata 
Ostrya Virginica 
Carpinus Caroliniana 

Myrica Gale 
Myrica Caroliniana 
Myrica asplenifolia 

Salix discolor 
Salix scricea 

Knotgrass ; goose-grass ; door-weed 
Halberd-leaved tear-thumb 
Arrow-leaved tear-thumb 
Black bindweed 
Climbing false buckwheat 
P'ield or sheep sorrel 
Bitter dock 
Curled dock 



Spice-bush ; Benjamin-bush 


Ivcatherwood ; moose-wood 



Three-seeded mercury 

American or white elm 


Richweed ; clearweed 

Common hop 

Shell-bark or shag-bark hickory 


Sweet or black birch 
Yellow or gray birch 
American white birch 
Paper or canoe birch 
Speckled or hoary alder 
White oak 

Quercitron ; yellow barked, or black oak 
Red oak 
Chestnut oak 
American beech 
Wild hazel-nut 
Beaked hazel-nut 

American hop-hornbeam ; lever-wood 
American hornbeam ; water beech 
Sweet gale 

Bayberry ; wax-myrtle 


Glaucous willow 
Silky willow 



Salix lucida 
Salix alba 
Salix rostrata 
Salix Babylonica 
Populus tremuloides 
Populus grandidentata 
Populus balsamifera, var. 

Pinus rigida 

Pinus resinosa 

Pinus Strobus 

Picea rubra 

Picea alba 

Tsuga Canadensis 

Abies balsamea 

Larix Americana 

Thuya occidentalis 

Juniperus communis, var. depressa, 

Shining willow 
White willow 
Livid willow 
Weeping willow 
American aspen 
Ivarge-toothed aspen 

Balm of Gilead 


Pitch pine 

Red pine 

White pine 


White spruce 


Balsam fir 

American black larch ; tamarack 

American arbor vitaae 

Juniperus Virginiana 
Taxus Canadensis 

Habenaria lacera 
Habenaria Hookeri 
Habenria psycodes 
Spiranthes cernua 
Spiranthes gracilis 
Pogonia ophioglossoides 
Corallorhiza multiflora 
Cypripedium .acaule 

Common juniper 

Red cedar or savin 

American yew ; ground hemlock 


Ragged fringed orchis 
Ivadies' tresses 

Iris versicolor 
Sisyrinchium augustifolium 

Smilax rotundifolia 
Smilax herbacea 
Trillium erectum 
Trillium erythrocarpum 
Medeola Virginiana 
Veratrum viride 
Oakesia sessilifolia 
Streptopus roseus 
Cliutonia borealis 
Smilacina racemosa 
Maianthemum Canadense 
Ivilium Philadelphicum 

Pontederia cordata 



Stemless Lady's slipper 


Blue flag 
Blue-eyed grass 


Common green briar 

Purple trillium or birthroot 
Painted trillium 
Indian cucumber 

American white hellebore; Indian poke 
"Wild oats" 
False spikenard 
Two-leaved Solomon's seal 
Wild orange-red lily 




Luzulacampestris, var.multiflora Wood-rush 


Typha latifolia 
Spargauium simplex 

Aristema triphyllum 
Acorus Calamus 

Sagittaria variabilis 

Potamogeton natans 

Eriocaulon septangulare 

Cyperus strigosus 
Carex stipata 
Carex stellulata 
Carex striata 
Carex grauularis 
Carex gracillima 
Carex Peunsylvanica 
Carex scabrata 
Carex intumescens 

Alopecurus pratensis 
Phleum prateuse 
Argostis alba, var. vulgaris 
Agrostis scabra 
Calamagrostis Canadensis 
Dactylis glomerata 
Danthonia spicata 
Poa compressa 
Poa pratensis 
Agropyrum repeus 

Cat-tail flag 


Indian turnip 
Sweet flag ; Calamus 





Carex polytrichoides 
Carex rosea 
Carex scoparia 
Carex vulgaris 
Carex pallescens 
Carex laxiflora 
Carex communis 

Carex debilis, var. Rudgei Carex lurida 
Carex lupulina Carex monile 


Meadow foxtail 
Timothy ; herds-grass 
Hair grass 
Blue-joint grass 
Orchard grass 

Carex vulpinoidea 
Carex Deweyana 
Carex tribuloides 
Carex crinita 
Carex conoidea 
Carex umbellata 
Carex pubescens 

Wire grass 

Green or common meadow-grass 

Couch quick or "witch" grass 

Equisetum arvense 

Polypodium vulgare 
Adiantuin pedatum 
Pteris aquilina 
Asplenium thelypteroidcs 
Asplenium Pilix-fccmina 
Phegopteris hexagonoptera 
Phegopteris Dryopteris 
Aspidium Thelypteris 


Common horsetail 
Common brake 

Beech fern 
Shield-fern ; wood-fern 



Aspidium Noveboracensc 
Aspidiutn spinulosum 
Aspidium cristatum 
Aspidium marginale 
Aspidium acrostichoides 
Cystopteris fragilis 
Onoclea sensibilis 
Woodsia Ilvensis 
Dicksonia pilosiuscula 
Osmunda regalis 
Osmunda Claytoniana 
Osmunda cinnamomea 
Botrychium Virginicum 

Christmas fern 
Bladder fern 
Sensitive fern 

Flowering fern 

Cinnamon fern 



Ivycopodium lucidulum 
L,ycopodium obscurum, var. den- 

Lycopodium clavatum Common club-moss 

Lycopodium complanatum, var. 

flabelliforme Ground-pine 



Hitherto, we have taken a view of Salera-Canada from 1735 
to 1753 ; and, from that time on, we have followed the principal 
acts of the original proprietors of Lyudeborough, till all the 
lands held in severalty or in common have been assigned to 
their rightful heirs or purchasers. We now turn to survey 
Lyudeborough as a unit under the provincial government. 
The transition from a stock company acting under the Mason- 
ian Charter to an incorporated town under a Royal charter, is 
well presented in Vol. II of our Town Records, which covers 
the period from 1764 to 1774 inclusive. We shall transcribe 
only samples of these records, noting main features. We give 
in full the records for the years 1764 and 1768, verbatim et 
literatim, neither setting aught down in malice, nor cloaking 
faults of diction or of orthography. 

Town Records, Vol. II, Page 4. Anno. 1753. 
Joseph Blanchard Esq. being appointed Agent for the Mason- 
ian Proprietors Grants a Charter to Benjamin Lynde Esq. & 
others of so much of Salem-Canada as had not been taken off 
by No. 2 (now Wilton) & with the addition of Land on the 
West & North makes a Township of ab" 28,000 acres, & to be 
from thenceforward called Lyudeborough, as ^ Charter dated 

5 Dec'' 1753. The bounds whereof Followeth, 

A tract of Land in the Prov. of New Hampshire cont" ab" 
28000 acres, bounded as followeth ; beginning at the North 
East corner 'of a Tract of Land called Duxbury School Farm, 

6 in the Line of that Township called Souhegan West, from 
thence West by the needle one mile 280 rod to the East Line 
of a Tract of Land called No. 2. from thence run' North 480 
rods to the N° East corner of No. 2. from thence West by the 
needle by the s*^ No. 2, five mile to a White Ash marked the 
Corner of Peterboro Slip, & of N" 2, & from thence West by 
y*^ needle 240 rods by s"^ Peterb" Slip to a Beach tree marked 
from thence North by y*" needle Six miles & ^ to a Tree 
marked for the Corner of s'^ Tract, from thence East Three 
miles & a quarter to a Tree marked in the Western Line of 
New Boston ; from thence South by that Line one mile & an 


half to the most S° Westerly Corner of New Boston afores'', 
from thence East by s'' New Boston line Three Miles 120 rod 
to a Black Oak marked, Still by New Boston Line run^ South 
Two Miles & an half to a Stump & Stones ; from thence East 
one mile 80 rod to the N West Corner of that Tract of L,and 
called Souhegan West afores^ — from thence by the Line of s** 
Souhegan West four miles 123 rod — to the bound first men- 
tioned — and to all the bounds afores*^, lett either of the Lines 
aforesaid be more or less. 

Under this grant the Lyndeborough people acted with varying 
fortune for more than eleven years. Other towns around them 
sought charters from the Provincial Government, while they held 
to the Masonian guarantee of rights. Amherst was chartered 
in 1760, Wilton in 1762, New Boston in 1763.* It seemed 
Lyndeborough 's turn to move. Accordingly, the very year last 
named, we find a " Petition for an Act of Incorporation" ad- 
dressed as follows : t "To His Excellency Bening Wentworth 
Esq Governor & commander in chief in and over his majestys 
Province of New Hamp' & the Hon'^ his Majestys Council. 

The petition of a number of Inhabitants of said Province 
Humbly Sheweth that they live on a Tract of land in said prov- 
ince Bounded Easterly by Amherst southerly by Wilton North- 
erly by New Boston and Westerly Near what was called Peter- 
borough and that said tract of land is not yet Incorporated into 
a Town & by reason of which they labour under many difficultys. 
Therefore your petitioners Humbly pray that they may be In- 
corporated into a Body Politick and by a charter be invested 
with the Authority & Priviledges as other Towns have and enjoy 
in this province, and y"^ petitioners as in duty Bound shall ever 

June 28, 1763. 

The signers were, 

John Stephenson Ephraim Putnam 

Joseph Wilkins Melchizedek Boffee 

William Holt David Badger 

John Carkin George Goold • 

Jacob Cram Robert Badger 

Jonathan Cram Moses Stiles Jr. 

David Cram John Kidder 

Moses Ordway Joshua Hadley 

*Bouton, IX., pp. 6, 553, and 794. tBouton, Town Papers, Vol. IX., p. 541. 


Epliraim Powers John Ordway 

Moses vStiles John Johnson 

Jacob Welhnan Adam Johnson 

William Carson John Hutchinson 

Edward Bevings Jr. 
To this petition was appended the following note : — 
" Having considered the within Petition I do hereby consent 
to the Incorporation of the s'' Town of Lyndeborough & you are 
hereby directed to prepare a charter of Incorporation accord- 
ingly. B. Wentworth 
To Mr. Secretary Atkinson." 

We present now an outline plan of the town as chartered by 
Col. Joseph Blanchard. 

The preceding outline plan of the town represents it and its 
measurements as given in the Masonian Charter of Dec. 5, 1753. 
We now give a copy of the Charter issued by Governor 
Wentworth : 

(seal) province; op new Hampshire. 

George y*' 3'' by the Grace of God of great Brittain, France 
& Ireland King, Defender of the Faith &c. 

To all to whom these presents shall come — Greeting — 

Whereas our loving subjects Inhabitants on a Tract of Land 
within our Province of New Hampshire afores^' by the name 
lyyndsborough have humbly Petitioned & requested that they 
may be erected & incorporated into a Township & Infranchised 
with the same Powers & Priviledges w*"'' other Towns have & 
Enjoy within our s'' Province by Law have & enjoy ; and it ap- 
pearing to us to be conducive to the General good of our s'' Prov- 
ince as well as to the s'* Inhabitants in perticular by maintaining 
good Order & encouraging the culture of s'' Lands that the same 
should be done. 

Know ye therefore that we of our special Grace, certain 
knowledge, and for the Encouragement & Promotion of these 
good Ends & purposes, by & with the Advice of our Trusty & 
well beloved Penning Wentworth Esq. our Govern' & Com- 
ander in Chief, & of our Council for s** Province of New Hamp- 
shire, Have Erected & Ordained, & by these presents for us, 
our Heirs & Successors do will & ordain that our. loving sub- 
jects residing on the Tract of Land afores^ or that shall here- 
after reside and improve thereon, the same being limited & 
Bounded as followeth. Beginning at the N. East corner of a 


Tract of lyand called Duxbiiry School Farm & in the Line of 
the Township of Amherst, from thence running West by the 
needle one mile 280 rods to the East Line of the Township of 
Wilton, from thence North by the needle four hundred Ninety 
Eight rods to the N° East Corner of Wilton afores'* From 
thence West by the needle by Wilton afores** five miles to a 
White Ash marked the Corner of Peterborough Slip & Wilton 
afores'' from thence West by the needle Two hundred & 40 
rod by s'' Peterb° Slip to a Beach tree marked, from thence 
North by the needle Six miles & Three quarters to a Tree 
marked for the Corner of s" Tract — from thence East by the 
needle Three miles & one quarter to a Tiee marked in the 
Western lyine of New Boston ; from thence South by that Line 
one mile & an half to the most Southwesterly Corner of New 
Boston afores*^ from thence East by the s** New Boston Line, 
Three miles 120 rods to a black oak marked ; Still by s" New 
Boston Line & runs South Two miles & an half to a stump & 
stones, from thence East one mile & 80 rods to the North West 
corner of Amherst afores^ : from thence South by the Line of 
Amherst, four miles One hundred Twenty three rods, to the 
bounds first mentioned. Shall be & by these Presents are de- 
clared & ordained to be a Town corporate & are hereby Erected 
& Incorporated into a body politick «& corporate to have con- 
tinuance untill his Majesty's Pleasure shall be signified to the 
contrary ; by the name of Lyndeborough, with all the Powers 
Authority's Priviledges and Immunities & Franchises which 
any other Town in s** Province by law have & enjoj^ ; always 
reserving to us our heirs and successors all White Pine Trees 
that are or shall be found growing & being on the s" Tract of 
Land, fit for the use of our Royal Navy ; reserving also the 
Power & right of Deviding the s*^ Town when it shall appear 
necessary & convenient for the benefit for the Inhabitants 
thereof. Provided nevertheless, and it is hereby declared that 
this our Charter & Grant is not intended or shall in any manner 
be construed to Extend to or Affect the Private Property of the 
Soil within the limits afores^ And as the several Towns within 
our s"* Province of New Hampshire are by the laws thereof en- 
abled & authorized to assemble & by the authority of the voters 
present to chuse all such officers and Transact such affairs as by 
s'' Laws are declared ; We Do by these presents Nominate & 
Appoint Mr. John Stephenson to call the first meeting any time 
within 30 days from the Date hereof, giving legal notice of the 


Time & Place & Design of Holding such meeting, after which 
the Annual meeting for s" Town for the choice of Ofl&cers and 
management of the affairs afores'' shall be held within ^ Town- 
ship on the Second Tuesday of March annually. 

In Testimony whereof "^e have caused the seal of our s'^ 
Province to be hereunto Affixed. 

Witness, Benning Wentworth Esq"^ our Governor & Com- 
mander in Chief in & over our s'* Province of New Hampshire, 
the 23** Day of April in the 4"' year of our Reign, Annoq 
Domini 1764. 

By his Exceir^'* Comand 
with advice of Council 
T. Atkinson Jun' Sec'^y. B. Wentworth. 

Province of New Hampshire 24 April 1764. 

Recorded in the Book of Charters No. i p. 261, 262. 

^ T. Atkinson Jun'' Sec-^^. 

Copy from Original. 


Province of ] By vertue of a Charter I have given notice 

New Hampshire j to all Persons Inhabiting that Tract of I^and 
Known by the Name of Lyndeborough that whereas it hath 
Pleased his Excellency Governor Wintworth with the advice of 
the Council of this Province to Incorporate the tract of L,and 
with the Inhabitants into a Township by the Name of Lynds- 
borough — whereas it Hath Pleased the said Governor and 
Councel to Nominate and apoint me the subscriber to call the 
first Meeting for the choice of town officers. 

These are therefore to warn all the freeholders and other In- 
habitents of said tract of lyand now in the town of Lyndsbor- 
ough that they meet at the meetinghouse in said town on Tues- 
day the fifteenth day of May next liisuing the date hereof at one 
O Clock in the afternoon. 

1 — to Except of said Chartor 

2 — to Chuse nessecery and ordenary town officers for the 
year untill the Second tuesday in next March Insuing. Given 
under my Hand this twenty Eighth day of April Anodo y. 1764 

The above is a notification for a town meeting by vertue of a 
Chartor — Tru Copy John Stephenson. 

At a Legol meeting of the Inhabitants of Lyndsborough being 
Uneversally met by vertue of a Chartor at the meetinghouse — 
on fifteenth day of May Ad. 1764 


Voted by a Large Majority that the Charter is Excepted 

Voted John Shepard Jun'' Moderator to this meeting 

Voted John Stephenson Town Clerk 

Voted Jonathan Cram Benjamin Cram William Carson Se- 

Voted Melchizedek Boofee Constable 

Voted Sergant John Hutchinson Edward Beveins Jun"^ David 
Badger John Kidder & David Cram Survayors of Highways 

Voted Jacob Wellman Ephraim Putnam Tything men 

Voted Selectmen fence vewers 

Voted David Badger George Goold Deer Keepers 

Voted Jacob Cram Asahel Stiles Hawards or field drivers 

Voted George Goold Pound Keeper. 
Trew Copy att. "^ John Stephenson Town Clerk. 

Province of New Hampshire. 

lyyndsborough May y*^ 15, 1764 

At the opening of the meeting a discent was given as foloeth. 

I the Subsbriber do Enter my descent against the excepting 
of the Chartor as witness my hand Jeramiah Carleton 

Att. John Stephenson Clerk. 

Such is the record of the first town meeting. Three others 
were also held that year, as if to get the new machinery speedily 
into good working order. 

The first of these was held the 6th of June, and votes were 
taken on six articles, viz.: — 

1. Jonathan Cram was chosen Moderator. 

2. A committee was chosen to treat with the Proprietors of the 
town to see if they will continue their contributions to enable us 
to hire preaching. Jonathan Cram was chosen such committee. 

3. They petitioned the Proprietors for aid in resettling the 
gospel ; & Ephraim Putnam, Jonathan Cram, & John Stephen- 
son were chosen a committee to present the petition.* 

4. Dismissed the matter of raising money to pay for charter. 

5. Voted money to pay for boarding the ministers the year 

6. Dismissed the article, on accepting the roads. 

*The response of the proprietois may be found in the " Proprietors' Records " under 
date of Nov. 12, 1765 They voted, " that for the Kncouragenient of a Learned Ortliodox 
minsters settling . . . among' the people of I^yndeboro, there be paid to the order of 
sd Town, the smn of Thirty Three pounds 6 s 8 pence, I<. money annualy for the space 
of two j'ears from such ministers settlement, — he continuing to discharge the Office & 
Duty of a Gospel Minister." Voted also, "That as a further Encouragement for such 
ministers settling in the ministry at I^yndeboro there is granted Two hundred acres of 
the Unappropriated I,and, to be for the use of such Person his Heirs and Assigns for 
ever, & to be laid out by the Proprietors." Prop. Rec'ds, year 1765. 


The second of these meetings was held Sept. i8, 1764, and 
considered six articles : — 

1. Chose Kphraim Powers Moderator. 

2. Dismissed consideration of better accommodating the South 
East corner of the town as to holding Sabbath Meetings, or eas- 
ing them in paying charges for the minister's board. 

3. Voted to raise 6 ^. 6 S. sterling money of Great Britain, 
or 28 Spanish milled Dollars, to pay for the charter of Incor- 

4. Voted to choose a committee to hire preaching "the Pro- 
prietors alowing the money," for the remainder of the year; 
and chose the Selectmen such committee. 

5. Voted to warn townmeetings for the future, by setting up 
two warrants, — one at the meetinghouse, & the other, at the 
house of John Hutchinson in the South East corner of the town. 

6. Voted to ' ' Except the roads as described in a paper read 
by Benjamin Cram in this meeting." 

The third meeting was held Nov. 28, 1764. 

1. Chose Ephraim Powers Moderator. 

2. A proposition to divide the town at Boffee's Mountain, so 
called, was negatived. 

3. To see if the town-meetings ma}- be held at the centre of 
population instead of at the meetinghouse, was also negatived. 

4. To see if the town will relieve Jacob Cram and all the other 
inhabitants South of him from all taxes except the Province tax, 
was also decided in the negative. 

All these were attested by John Stephenson, Town Clerk. 
We give abstracts of succeeding meetings : — 
Mar. 12, 1765, — Annual Townmeeting. 

1. Chose Benjamin Cram, Moderator. 

2. " John Stephenson, Clerk. 

3. " John Stephenson, Edward Bevins Jr. & David 
Badger, Selectmen. 

Aug. 29, 1765,— 

1. Chose Jonathan Cram, Moderator. 

2. The several places proposed as sites for the meetinghouse, 

3. Vote, to consult Proprietors to aid in deciding on the place, 
ik. to call Rev. Antipas Steward as pastor. 

4. The latter' s salary is not to be specified atthis meeting. 

5. Benjamin Cram, Sergt. John Hutchinson, & Jacob Cram 


were appointed a committee to see what encouragement the Pro- 
prietors will give toward Mr. Steward's settlement. 

6. Voted that the southeast corner of the town have preaching 
one fourth of the time at Jacob Cram's house. 

Dec. 12, 1765, — 

At a meeting held on this date at the meetinghouse Voted, — 

1. Benjamin Cram, Moderator. 

2. The proposal to build a meetinghouse on 2nd. division Lot. 
No. 69, near its N. E. corner &c. Negatived. 

3. To dismiss the proposal to give Mr. Antepas Steward a call 
to the ministry. 

4. To settle with the Treasurer of the proprietors in regard to 
money received for preaching, & Jacob Wellman be the commit- 
tee to carry out the same. 

5. To dismiss article five, in regard to hiring preaching in the 

6. Cleared Mr. William Carson & Mr. Jeremiah Carleton from 
paying personal rates this year. The proposal to clear Mr. John 
Rand Esq., ^zs negatived. 

John Stephenson, Clerk. 


Several freeholders present at this meeting entered an earnest 
dissent against passing votes "to build a meeting-house near 
the N. E. corner of 2nd. division Lot No. 69, forty feet long by 
thirty feet wide, with eighteen feet posts, on condition that the 
Proprietors pay 26^ 13s. &4d. towards the building." This 
was the second article of the warrant ; and the third was to see 
if the town would extend a call to Mr. Steward to become their 
pastor, and ascertain what assistance the proprietors would 
give to encourage him in settling here. The dissentients record 
themselves as follows : " Against said 2nd. & 3rd. articles being 
voted, we do not yeald or consent unto it for the Reasons that 
foUoweth ; viz. we think the dementions of the house are not 
Properly Given ; but if they ware we are not able to defray the 
charges ; besides we are of opinion that the place is very dis- 
comodious for setting a Meeting House, & that we are not able 
to settle and sbport a minister : — 
Joseph Wilkins Richard Boynton 

Phineas Barker Jacob Wellman 

George Hutchinson William Carson Jr. 

Jacob Cram James Johnson 

James Hutchinson John Carkin 


Edward Bevins John Hutchinson 

Edward Bevins Jr. Benjamin Richardson 

John Johnston 

John Hutchinson, Sergt. 

Adam Johnson 

The above is a true Record of a discent brought in to the 
L,ast Town Meeting — true copy — Att. John Stephenson, Town 

In answer to the petition of the town for fixing on a place for 
the meetinghouse, the Proprietors of Lyndeborough, at their 
meeting at Mr. Somerville's in Salem, Mass., on Nov. 12, 1765, 
voted, "That the meetinghouse be set near the N. East corner 
of second division lyOt. No. 69, belonging to John Goold, he 
alowing the ten acres ordered by charter to be set off for pub- 
lick use ; provided also that the inhabitants build a suitable 
house for publick worship of the dimentions following, viz. 
forty feet long and thirty feet wide, on the Proprietors paying 
towards the purchase of glass, nails, and other materials the 
sum of Twenty-six pounds, Thirteen shillings and Four pence, 
Lawful Money." 

Voted, " That for the encouragement of a learned Orthodox 
minister settling in the ministry among the people at Lynde- 
borough, there be paid to the order of said town the sum of 
Thirty-three Pounds, Six shillings & Eight pence annuall)'^ for 
the space of five years from the settlement of a minister, he 
continuing to discharge the office & duty of a gospel minister 
to said people." 

Voted, " That as a further encouragement for such minister's 
settlement in the ministry at said place, there be granted two 
hundred acres of Land to such person, his heirs «& assigns for 
ever, and to be laid out by the proprietors."* 

True Copy, Benj'* Lynde, Proprietors' Clerk. 
Att. True Copy Examined, John Stephenson, T. Clerk. 

Jan. 16, 1766. 

On this date, a town meeting held in the meetinghouse. 

1. Chose Benjamin Cram, Moderator, and voted, to adjourn 
the meeting to Mr. Ebenezer Caston's house, (now C. R. 
Boutwell place). 

2. Voted, "by Pole to Except of the Proposals" made by 

*T. R. I., page i8. 


the Proprietors of the town in answer to the petition of the 
town Respecting a Meeting-house. 

3. Voted to choose a committee consisting of Ephraim Put- 
nam, John Stephenson & George Goold, to imform the Proprie- 
tors of their action. 

On Dec. 3, 1765, occurred one of the instances of a custom, 
common in those early days, of warning out of the town any 
recent comer who had no good means of self-support, and was 
therefore likely to become a burden on the town. When in the 
opinion of Edward Bevins Jr. such a person was on the ground, 
he notified his associates on the board of selectmen of the fact, 
and they issued a warrant expressed in these words : * ' Pur- 
suant therefore to the lyaw of this Province in such cases made 
and provided, you are hereby in his Majesty's name required 
instantly to warn the said (person named) to depart and leave 
this town." The warrant was signed by the two remaining 
selectmen, John Stephenson and David Badger. 

Rev. Mr. Clark gives an amusing instance of one constable 
who performed a duty of this kind ' ' with great official impor- 
tance," saying " I have come Mr. Wilkins to warn you off the 
face of God's earth ; so now you step ! " * 

The warrant for the town-meeting, March 11, 1766, had a 
postscript added to it, from the inhabitants of the S. E. corner 
of the town, desiring either to have the meeting-house brought 
nearer to them, or to be cleared " from the charge or part of 
the charge of building the meeting-house and settling a minis- 
ter, excepting his yearly salary." 

Town Meeting at the meetinghouse. Voted, 

1 . Benjamin Cram be moderator. 

2. Benjamin Cram, John Stephenson and Sargt. John Hutch- 
inson be selectmen. 

3. John Stephenson, Town Clerk. 

Also, to repair, accept, and lay out various roads ; and ad- 
journed to March 13, at ten o'cl. a. m. at the meetinghouse. 

Met according to adjournment. Voted to warn town meet- 
ings by setting up two warrants ; one at Benjamin Cram's 
house, and the other at John Hutchinson's, in the S. E. corner 
of the town. 

Voted, Ephraim Putnam, Melchizedek Boffee, and George 
Gould a committee to supply the pulpit. 

*S.-C., page 31. 


Voted, to concur with the church in completing a call to Rev. 
A. Steward. 

Voted, To give him an annual salary of 40^ sterling until 
there are seventy families, and after that. Forty-five pound, 
until there are a hundred families ; and after that 50^, an- 

Voted, That the supply committee extend the call. 

Voted, To dismiss the Postscript. 

July I, 1766. At a legal meeting of this date 

First. Voted, Jacob Wellman, Moderator. 

Second. Voted, that the selectmen lay out a road from Jacob 
Wellman's to Amherst line, near vStephen Peabody's ; 

Thirdly, Voted, another road proposed, in the negative. 

July 21 At a legal meeting, the Rev. Daniel Wilkins of 
Amherst being present was chosen moderator. 

Voted, That, in order that the most easterly inhabitants of 
the town may cordially join with the others in settling the 
gospel, that the meeting-house be built about half way between 
where it was fixed by the Proprietors of this township, and 
where the meeting-house now stands, that is, before the door of 
Mr. Gould's house, where a heap of stone is this instant laid 
by the inhabitants of the town ; Provided the Proprietors con- 
sent thereto, as in the former place by them voted. 

The meeting was adjourned, to the spot here described, when 
the vote was passed. 

Aug. 7. A legal meeting was held and voted : 

1. That Jonathan Cram be Moderator. 

2. Chose a committee to consult the Proprietors and see 
whether they will concur with the town in setting a meeting- 
house where the town last voted ; and also to see if they will 
grant any further encouragement towards a minister's settle- 
ment. The committee were Ephraim Putnam, Jonathan Cram, 
and Jacob Wellman. 

Sept. 4, 1766. A legal meeting held on this date. 

Chose Ephraim Putnam, Moderator. 

Voted, the Proprietors having concurred in the change, to 
build the meeting-house in front of George Gould's house, 
where a heap of stones was laid by the inhabitants on July 
21, 1766. 

Voted, To give Mr. Antipas Steward a call. 

Voted John Johnson, Jonathan Cram and John Glover a com- 
mittee to procure land for a meetinghouse spot. 


Mr. Antipas Steward declined the call given. Possibly the 
dissentions about the location and building of the meeting-house 
influenced his decision. But, at a legal meeting held Jan. 20, 
1767, the ver}^ next meeting of the town after this, the town 
voted " to give Mr. Sewall Goodridge a call to settle with us." 
They voted for " liis incorigemint to settle, Fifty Pounds "star- 
ling money of Grate Brittan," twenty-five to be paid within one 
year after his settlement, and the residue within the second year 
after. The remaining terms of his salary were the same as those 
offered Mr. Steward. 

It was voted that the moderator, Jonathan Cram, together 
with Ephraim Putnam and Benjamin Cram give Mr. Goodridge 
the call. 

Town Meeting, Feb. 13, 1767. 

At the meeting held on this date the usual steps were taken 
to obtain assistance from the proprietors ; and further to see if 
they would grant the minister, provided he shall accept the call, 
the privilege of his selecting the 200 acre farm which they had 
voted him ; or if he did not settle with them, to see if they 
would permit the town to choose such a farm out of the common 
and undivided land. 

March 10, 1767. — At the annual meeting the customary offic- 
ers were chosen and necessary appropriations made for expenses. 

Dec. 10. — Met at the meetinghouse. Voted, 

1. Jonathan Cram for Moderator. 

2. To build a meetinghouse next year, 50 ft. long, by 40 ft. 
wide, with twentytwo feet studs ; the outside to be decently fin- 
ished, and the lower floor laid by the Sep. ist. next ensuing. 

3. To raise 80^ to carry on the work, & a committee of five 
men, viz. Benjamin Cram, Jonathan Cram, Sergeant John 
Hutchinson, Levi Spaulding, and James Boutwell, was chosen to 
complete it. 

Town meeting, Dec. 24, 1767. Voted, 

1. Jonathan Cram as Moderator. 

2. To give Mr. Sewall Goodridge a call to settle in the minis- 
try in this town ; and further, 

3. That Jonathan Cram, Benjamin Cram, and Ephraim Put- 
nam be committee to extend Mr. Goodridge's call. 

4. To adjourn this meeting td Jan. 5, 1768. 

The adjourned meeting was held, and Ephraim Putnam was 
chosen to carry his answer from Mr. Goodridge, and the condi- 
tions attached to the Proprietors. 


Voted, To adjourn this meeting to Jan. 21. 

Met according to adjournment, and again. 

Voted, To adjourn to the 2nd. Tuesday in Mar. next, (Mar. 
8, 1768.) 

Met accordingly on Mar. 8. 

Voted, To adjourn to the first Monday in May next, (May 

May 2. — Voted, To concur with the church in the ordination 
of Mr. Sewall Goodridge. 

At a meeting of the inhabitants of Lyndeboro' upon adjourn- 
ment on the 5th. day of January 1768, at the meetinghouse 

Voted in order to receive Mr. Sewall Goodridge's answer to 
the foregoing call, that Ephraim Putnam is committee to carry 
Mr. Goodridge's answer or the conditions of his answer to the 
Proprietors of this Township. 

Voted, to continue the adjournmint of this meeting to thirsday 
the twenty first day of this Instant January, at ten of the clock, 
in the forenoon, at the meetinghouse. 

true copy, Att '^ John Stephenson \ Town Clerk. 

At the adjournmint of a meeting of the Town of Lyndsbor- 
ough on the twenty first day of January 1768, at the meeting- 
house, — 

Voted to adjourn this meeting to the Second tusday in March 
next, at Nine Oclock in the forenoon at the meetinghouse. 

copy att '^ John Stephenson \ Town Clerk. 

At a meeting of the Inhabitents of lyyndsborough, at the 
meetinghouse, upon adjournmint on March the Eighth, 1768, 
(being a Tuseday) at nine o'clock in the forenoon : — 

Voted, to Continue the adjournmint of this meeting to the 
first monday in may next, at two of the clock in the afternoon at 
the meetinghouse. 

true copy att ^ John Stephenson J^ Town Clerk. 

At the meeting of the Inhabitents of Ivyndsborough upon ad- 
jurnmint on may 2'', 1768, at the meetinghouse — 

Voted, to concur with the Church in the Choice of the after- 
mentioned Pastors & Churches to performe the solemnite of the 
ordination of Mr. Sewall Goodridge over the Church of Christ 
in this Place, on Wednesday the seventh day of September 
next, (viz.) Rev'' Mr. Zabdial Adams, — Rev'' John Payson — 
Rev'' Nathaniel Merrill, Rev'' Daniel Wilkins — Rev" Daniel 


Emerson — Rev*^ Joseph Emerson, — Rev'* Stephen Farrar, — 
Rev*^ Jonathan Ivivermore — and Rev*^ Joseph Kidder.* 

Messrs. John Stevenson, Melchizedek Boffee, and George 
Gould were chosen a committee to provide entertainment for the 
council, and also for the relatives of Mr. Goodridge.t 

The bills for entertainment amounted to the handsome sum of 
Fortyeight Pounds, four shillings & six pence, silver, Old 
Tenor. \ 

But the location of the meetinghouse was an irrepressible 
source of trouble. At a town-meeting held in April || a request 
made by Josiah Button and others from the western part of the 
town, for better accommodation as to the place of the meeting- 
house received consideration. Those who made the request and 
the rest of the town, mutually agreed to refer the case to a com- 
mittee jointly chosen. The committee consisted of three promi- 
nent and judicious men, which were. Col. John Goffe of Bedford, 
Col. Samuel Barr, of Londonderry, and Col. John Hale of Hollis. 
After due attention and deliberation concerning the matter, they 
decided upon the spot already selected, where a monument of 
stones had been laid, and stated that that spot or "as near that 
as the L,and will admit, in our opinion, is the most suitable 
place for erecting the meetinghouse in the Town of Lynde- 
borough." John Goffe 1 

Signed Samuel Barr )-Com.§ 

John Hale J 


The town, on date here given, Nov. i, 1768, voted to accept 
" acompts " of the committee for the cost of the meetinghouse 
which was " One thousand thirty seven Pounds Eight shillings 
& seven pence, silver, old tenor ; of which Eighty Pounds, 
Lawful Money is raised. "H 

They voted to raise ^53, 6s. and 8d. to pay the remaining 
charge of the building.** They voted also to have 20 pews 
around by the walls, and four back of the body seats. The 
pews were to be appraised by a committee, and the highest payer 
of rates was to have first choice of pews as appraised, the second 
highest payer, next choice, and so on. The money received 
was to be laid out in finishing the house. tt 

John Stephenson, Osgood Carlton and Jacob Wellman were 

*For a fuH account of the ordination, see chapter on the church history. 
tT. R. I. pp. 40, 41. tib., p. 46. (Records again abridged.) IIApril ii, 1768. 

§TR.'sI. pp. 23, 44. ITSeeT. R.,I, p. 36 ** lb., p. 47. tt T. R., I, p. 51. 


chosen a committee to lay out and appraise the spots for the 

Nov. 28, 1769, a committee consisting of Adam Johnson, 
Osgood Carlton and Jacob Wellman was appointed to examine 
the land allowed for the meeting-house, and see that its bounds 
were properly described and recorded. 

The land was 22 rods long on the west side, 23 rods on the east 
side, 7>^ rods on the north end, and n rods on the south end, 
on the west side of the road.* 

Mar. 16, 1770, the town voted to have 26 pews on the lower 
floor, exclusive of the parsonage pew, and 22 pews in the 
gallery, 48 in all. The parsonage pew seems not to have been 
counted. Spots for the pews were sold on the 7th of Nov., 
1770, for 189 pounds, L. M,, John Shepard Esq. acting as 
salesman ; and it hardly seems as though they could have had a 
very dry time of it. For the bills for " Liquer, Vittels, Horse- 
keeping, and Other Perticulars were 9^. 4s. 6d." 

In one of the warrants for a town meeting in 1771, was an 
article which aimed, ' ' To see if the Town will take aney 
method to prevent the Snow Blowing in threw the Ruf of the 
Backside of the meetinghouse ; ' ' and on this matter they 
voted to " Pint the Backside of the Ruf." 

At the March meeting in 1772, the price of labor for men 
and oxen on the highways was fixed from the middle of April 
to the last of October, by vote as follows : Two shillings a day 
for a man, and one shilling and four pence a day for a pair of 
oxen, nine and one half pence for a cart : and from the first of 
November to the middle of April, one shilling and six pence a 
day for a man, and one shilling for a pair of oxen ; one shilling 
and four pence for a plow, and the other articles that men work 
with in proportion. 

The matter of special interest in the town records for the 
year 1773 was the petition of the inhabitants to the Court at 
Amherst, then, the shire town, for the repeal of a financial 
grievance. This arose in the following way. John Holland 
of Amherst, a deputy sheriff, brought suit against one Joseph 
Kelley of Hudson, and obtained judgment against him for the 
sum of ^83. Kelley failed to secure bondsmen, and was im- 
prisoned. But he, together with another prisoner, escaped 
from jail, and left Holland to take care of his own finances. 
This he did by petitioning the Court for a grant to atone for 

*T. R. I, p. 76. 


his loss, and the Court so decreed it. The ^83 therefore was 
added to the county taxes, forming as the petitioners thought, 
an unjust and grievous burden, and a precedent liable to be 
repeated whenever an unprincipled man could win the favor of 
the Court in a similar case. There were also circumstances 
which suggested official connivance in connexion with the 
escape. Nearly all the towns in the county united in a peti- 
tion for redress. 

This town voted unanimously to send John Stephenson and 
Nathaniel Phelps to join in a request that the Court would 
reconsider the grant made to Holland, and direct the County 
" Treasurer not to pay the same."* 

When at the session of Court, " the Question was put whether 
the Court would Issue an order to the treasurer to revoke the 
former order and it passed in the Negative, Ordered therefore 
that the petition be Dismissed. 

Copy Attest J. Holland."! 

He seems to have been Clerk of that Court. But the people 
of Lyndeborough were not satisfied. Consequently on Nov. i, 
1773, the Town voted to send John Stephenson as agent to 
petition the General Court, or Legislature, for a repeal of the 
grievances they suffer on account of Capt. Kelly's " escape out 
of Goal." But, all seems to have been of no avail. For in 
the House, Jan. 21, 1774, the petition was dismissed. It was 
a bit of interesting and instructive reading however. + 

It will be remembered that this was the year, 1773, of the ap- 
palling calamity connected with the raising of the Wilton meet- 
ing-house. The event is not properly a part of our town his- 
tory. But, to such an extent were our citizens sufferers in 
consequence of it, that no history of that period would be at all 
adequate to our situation, which should not contain some 
account of it. We are, therefore, glad to reproduce a passage 
from the account of the Wilton Centennial, which describes for 
us in fitting language, the awful occasion. 


The following graphic account of the event is from the oration 
of Rev. Ephraim Peabody, at the centennial celebration of Wil- 
ton, in 1839. 

They commenced raising it Sept. 7, 1773. Such things 

* Bouton IX, p. 23. t lb. p. 24. \ Bouton XI, pp. 63 to 65. 


were conducted differently then from what they are now. It 
was considered the work of two days. People came from dis- 
tant towns to see the spectacle. There was great note of prep- 
aration. A committee of the town appointed the raisers, and 
ample provisions were made to entertain strangers. 

It was a beautiful September morning. And now might be 
seen coming in by every road, and from the neighboring towns, 
great numbers, men, women and children, to see the show. 
Some came on foot ; some practiced the method, unknown in 
modern days, of riding and tying ; some were on horseback, 
with their wives or sisters behind on a pillion. It was an occa- 
sion of universal expectation. The timbers were all prepared, 
the workmen ready, and the master-workman, full of the dignity 
of his ofl5ce, issuing his orders to his aids. All went on pros- 
perously. The good cheer, the excitement of the work, the 
crowd of spectators, men looking on, women telling the news, 
boys playing their various games, all made it a scene of general 

The sides of the house were already up, and also a part of 
the roof at the east end of the building. One of the raisers from 
Lyndeborough, Captain Bradford, had brought over his wife, 
whom he left on account of illness, at the place where Mr. Bald- 
win now resides, while he himself went on to take part in the 
work. Having to pass along the centre of the building he ob- 
served that the middle beam extending across the church, was 
not properly supported. A post was under the centre, but it 
was wormeaten and was already beginning to yield and give 
way under the pressure. In raising the middle part of the roof 
the weight of the workmen would come in great measure on 
this beam, which was evidently not strong enough to bear up 
the timbers and men. He immediately ascended the roof and 
informed the masterworkman, who, being made over confident 
by the success thus far, replied to him that if he was afraid he 
might go home, that they wanted no cowards there. Indignant, 
he immediately went down and started off for his wife with the 
purpose of returning home. But before he had reached Mr. 
Baldwin's the men had already proceeded forward, confident and 
elated at their progress. They were swarming upon the un- 
supported beam and the planks and timbers which rested on 
it. They were raising up, with much exertion and shouts of 
direction and encouragement the beams and rafters, when sud- 
denly, as he was anxiously looking back, he saw the frame 


already erected tremble, the men shrink back aghast, the build- 
ing seemed to rock for a moment to and fro, and suddenly all, 
timbers and tools and men, rushed down together in one mingled 
mass in the centre. The crash was so loud as to be heard 
nearly a mile. For a moment all was silent, and then the air 
was filled with groans and outcries and shrieks of terror. There 
were fifty-three men on the frame that fell. Three were instant- 
ly killed, two died very shortly afterwards, others were crippled 
for life, and most of them were more or less mangled or wounded. 

"To understand the impression that the event made at the 
time, it must be remembered the whole population of the town 
— men, women and children — was scarcely five hundred. It 
was like so many men lost overboard from a ship at sea. It 
caused a general mourning, for there were few families which had 
not lost a friend, or connexion, or some one of whose friends 
were not among the wounded." 

Under date of Nov. 30, 1894, W. H. Grant Esq. of St. Paul, 
Minnesota wrote his brother, David C. Grant. " I found recent- 
ly a list of the killed and wounded at the raising of the Wilton 
Meeting-house. Those from lyyndeborough were as follows ; — 
Killed instantly, Reuben Stiles. Mortally wounded, Joseph 
Severance, Timothy Carlton, and Benjamin Jones. The first 
of these died the next day ; the second, lived four days, and the 
third was supposed to be dead, when the matter was written. 
Wounded, David Carlton, Jonathan Chamberlain, Thomas 
Boffee, Andrew Thompson, Benjamin Senter, Ebenezer Gard- 
ner, Uriah Cram, Edward Bevins, Nehemiah Hutchinson, and 
John Rowe." 

Sept. 14th, 1774, the town voted to build a pound, 25x30 feet, 
the wall to be 6 feet high, faced on the inside, 3 feet thick at 
the bottom and i^ feet at the top, and to be capped with a 
timber frame. It was to have a convenient gate with lock, and 
was to be finished to the ' ' Exceptance ' ' of the town by the 
first of March. George Gould and Thomas Boffee agreed to 
build it as proposed for Four Pound, Lawful Money. 

The ruins of the structure, long unused, show the solidity 
of their work, done nearly 130 years ago. It stands back of 
the sheds, south of the meeting-house. 



Had already begun to appear. On the 15th day of July, 1774, 
the Chairman of the House of Representatives sent a message 
to the Selectmen of Lyndeborough, desiring them to choose an 
agent to join with agents from the other towns, in a convention 
at Kxeter, to consult as to the best and most peaceable methods 
for uniting the colonies and the mother country, and establish- 
ing their rights and privileges on a solid and lasting founda- 
tion. He also requested the people to raise thirty shillings by 
subscription to defray expenses in connexion with the Congress 
at Philadelphia. 

The Selectmen, Andrew Fuller, David Badger, and I,evi 
Spaulding, called a meeting for July 18, and added, " As the 
time is short we would desire every one that hath money by 
him would bring it to the meeting with him." 

Signed, Andrew Fuller, T. Clerk. 

At this meeting, Ephraim Putnam was chosen Agent to go 
to " Exator, " and the thirty shillings for the expenses of the 
New Hampshire delegates to Congress were provided. 

At a town meeting Oct. 31, 1774, it was voted to purchase a 
Town Stock of " Powder, Bawls and Flints," namely, one 
barrel of powder, one hundred " wait of lead and five Dussen 
of Flints," and Ephraim Putnam was chosen to make the 

Thus preparations were making for possible hostilities, at the 
same time that delegates were appointed to use their utmost 
wisdom to bring about an honorable and enduring peace. 

The Revolutionary War. 

The last meeting on record in Volume I, of our town's 
archives, is dated Jan. 20, 1775, and states that Dr. Benjamin 
Jones was elected a delegate to Exeter, where a convention was 
to choose an agent, or agents, to the Continental Congress, to 
assemble at Philadelphia in May ; and also to choose a com- 
mittee to apportion to each town its share of the expenses of 
such a congress. 

At the annual meeting in March the town voted to raise 
money to pay the expenses of delegates to Congress. 

The disturbances in and around Boston were reported in all 
the parts of New England with which Boston held communica- 
tion. The militia of New Hampshire were alive to all the 
interests of a true freedom as far as they were able to see them. 
The organization and training of men for military service in an 
emergency had not been wholly neglected. The report of the 
battle of I^exington, April 19, 1775, sounded out among our 
northern hills as the tocsin for mustering their freedom loving 
inhabitants, and from all sides the brave yeomanry sprung to 

Four days after the famous fight and flight from Lexington 
and Concord, Captain Levi Spaulding of Lyndeborough 
marched with a company of sixty men to the seat of war. 
Thomas Boffee was his 2nd lieutenant; William Lee and James 
Hutchinson were sergeants, and twenty-three others of his 
fellow townsmen and neighbors were in the ranks ; a list of 
whom is appended : Corporals, Benjamin Dike and Samuel 
Hutchinson. Fifer, Jacob Dutton. Privates, Nathaniel Batch- 
elder, Phineas Barker, Edward Bevins, James Campbell, Nehe- 
miah Hutchinson, John Johnson, Jesse Lund, John Rowe, 
Ephraim Smith, Isaac Carkin, David Carlton,* Ezra Dutton, 
Joseph Ellinwood, Samuel McMaster, Andrew Thompson, Jacob 
Wellman, Elisha Wilkins, Josiah Woodbury, Timothy Mc- 
Intire, Daniel Cram. 

At a town meeting on May 3, 1775, it was voted to raise 
ten minute-men and voted upon the fidelity of the town, that 

* David CarltoH was mortally wounded in the battle of Bunker Hill, and died two 
days later, June 19. 1775. Jacob Wellman was also reported as mortally wounded, but 
be recovered and lived many years. 


if these are called away upon any " Sudding Elerrim," those 
that tarry at home shall take care of their farms ; and the 
selectmen were appointed to carry this vote into effect. 

They chose Ephraim Putnam, Jr., delegate to the Congress 
at Exeter. Agreed to buy a town stock of provisions, and chose 
a committee to have charge of it. They also voted to pay each 
minute-man one shilling for each half-day's exercise in drill, 
which they desired vShould be performed each week. 

Every vote passed in relation to the war for independence and 
raising and equipping men for the army indicates the patriotic 
spirit of the people, and the lively interest they took in the wel- 
fare of their country. 

June 17, 1775, a meeting was called at which the whole 
" Training Band " was requested to assemble in order to choose 
three commissioned ofl&cers for the town, and those who had re- 
ceived powder or balls from the town were requested to return 
them to the Selectmen. While men read this notice in Lynde- 
borough, twenty-six of her gallant sons with their brave Cap- 
tain, Levi Spaulding, were under British fire and doing fatal 
work against their country's would-be oppressors, on memorable 
Bunker Hill. They were with the rear guard of the retreating 
Americans, like a fiery wall between them and their British 
pursuers. One of them, David Carlton, was mortally wounded 
and carried off the field by his brother-in-law, John Johnson, and 
on the second day after the battle, died. Another, Jacob Well- 
man, was reported as mortally wounded, but recovered, and later 
became Captain, serving his country faithfully, and becoming a 
prominent man in the town. 

June 19, 1775. — The meeting was held and officers were 
chosen according to the notification, and the town voted to sell 
school lot No. 126, " provided they can have the money down 
for it," and William Carson, James Boutwell and Amos Whitte- 
more were chosen a committee to effect the sale. 

Among the provisions ordered for the town, were forty hogs- 
heads of salt, five of molasses, and one of rum. The citizens 
were evidently moderate drinkers, not sots. 

On the 2ist of November, 1775, the committee entrusted with 
the sale of the school lot reported that they had " sold the same 
to Mr. John Clark for the sum of 67/", 10 Shillings," and had 
taken security oi him, and were answerable for the same. 

December ist, 1775, at the town meeting, the question arose 
whether they would ' ' join with Wilton in sending a Deligate to 


Exator," or send independently, which they viewed as their 
right. It was decided in the negative, because they were un- 
willing to renounce their "birthright and privileges." 

February 29, 1776, the town voted to request the appointment 
of Andrew Fuller a Justice of the Peace and Joseph Herrick as 

That Andrew Fuller was not an unfit man for the office may 
appear from an incident, which in our day, may seem trivial. In 
his effort to enforce the statute againt profanity, he aimed to be 
honest and impartial. And once when he found himself a 
violator of it, he made out the regular papers in such cases, and 
imposed and paid the usual penalty of one dollar for the offense. 

July II, 1776. — A meeting was held to see what means the 
town will take to raise their quota of men to go to " Cannidy." 
They voted that the men who were most able to hire should 
couple together and hire men until the number required was 

In October, 1776, the people anticipating an alarm soon, on 
Sunday, the 27th, after service, gave notice of a meeting on 
Monday, October 28, at which they voted to purchase a barrel 
of powder, and appointed Mr. Joseph Herrick to provide it, and 
empowered the Selectmen to hire monej' for the same. 

November 9, 1776. — Mr. Herrick informed the people that he 
had provided the powder as above, and as he is going to the 
" Westward Army " next Tuesday, he determines to carry the 
powder to the Training tomorrow for the town's acceptance. 

A meeting called in the same manner as the preceding one 
was held November 11, 1776, at which Capt. John Stephenson 
was chosen as agent to consult with other agents at Dracut, 
Mass., in connection with merchants and farmers. At this 
meeting Mr. James Boutwell was chosen custodian of the town's 
stock of ammunition. 

Tuesday, the 26th of November, the town voted to unite 
with Wilton, Duxbury School Farm and Mile Slip in the choice 
of a Deputy. 

The annual meeting for this year (1777) gave attention to the 
usual routine work. But on the 8th of April a meeting con- 
vened with Capt. Levi Spaulding as moderator, at which a vote 
passed to give each man yet to be raised to make up the six- 
teen that are called for, one hundred dollars, with interest 
until it is paid. At the same meeting they voted to divide the 


town into school districts, and appointed a committee for the 

In a meeting held May 6th, 1777, a committee of five men was 
chosen to appraise and settle the turns done in the war from the 
19th of April, 1775, to the present time, and Capt. Nathaniel 
Batchelder, Lieut. Reuben Spaulding, Deacon David Badger, 
Dr. Benjamin Jones and Mr. Joseph Herrick were the com- 
mittee. One hundred dollars bounty was voted to the sixteen 
men that have enlisted or shall enlist from this town, " except 
Joseph Wilson and Thomas Grush who have received hire from 
particular men." 

Monday, December ist, 1777. — The town voted to set every 
month's turn of service for the colonies in the present war at 
twenty shillings. A protest was entered against this vote, and 
the like, stating, " Such votes are to us unreasonable," as they 
give ' ' money out of our pockets to men that was hired by per- 
sons out of this town to do a turn for them ; therefore we protest 
we will pay none of such moneys. 

L,yndeborough, January 12, 1778. 


Philip Fletcher John Kidder 

Joseph Herrick Joshua Hadley 

Benjamin Jones Andrew Fuller 

Samuel Huston John Savage 

Joseph Batchelder John Raynolds 

Robert Badger Reuben Spaulding 

Aaron Lewis Isaac Day 

Eleazer Woodard Daniel Gould 

David Badger Nathaniel Phelps 

Edmund Bickford William Barron 

Nathaniel Batchelder Benjamin Punchard 

Reuben Batchelder 

Attest pr. Peter Clark, T. Clerk." 

Though an effort was made to have the votes passed Dec. i, 

1777, reconsidered and disannuled, the town at subsequent 
meetings on Jan, 12 and Feb. 9, 1778, refused to reconsider, dis- 
annul, alter or amend them. At the last mentioned meeting, 
Articles of Confederation and Perpetual Union, from Congress, 
were read, and the town voted its approbation of them. 

Annual meeting and usual election of town oflScers Mar. 10, 

1778. But on Mar. 26, 1778,* the town voted to procure and 

•T. Records, II.. p. 43. 


pa)' a man to take Asa Boutwell's place in the army; and Capt. 
Peter Clark was chosen agent to hire the man. Samuel Barron 
of Amherst was hired, and performed the service ; but when 
tendered 105 £, the stipulated sum, he refused it, because the 
currency had, in the meantime, so depreciated that it failed to 
fulfil the contract.* This tender was made early in 1780, and 
under date of November 15 of that year, the following note was 

To the Town of L,yndeborough. 

I hereby acquaint you that I have offered the 
nominall sum of money that I agreed to pay Samuel Barrons in 
Behalf of the Town as a Reward for his taking Asa Boutwell's 
place in the army, and he refuses to take the same. Therefore, 
I desire you would furnish me with money sufficient to pay him 
the said Barron, Forty for one, agreeable to the depreciating 
act. Peter Clark. 

Ivyndeborough, Nov. 15, 1780. 

A true copy att. Pr. Benj" Jones }> T. Clerk. t 

At the annual meeting Mar. 13, 1781, the town voted, "to 
raise money to enable Maj. Clark to fulfil his agreement with 
Samuel Barron, according to the Depreciation Act." + 

At a town meeting May 4, 1778, Nehemiah Rand, Esq., was 
chosen to represent the town at a convention to be held in Con- 
cord, on the loth day of June next, for the purpose of forming a 
plan of government for this State. Voted, also, to add one hun- 
dred pounds, ly. M. to Mr. Goodridge's stated salary for this 
present year. || 

This seems to have been a generous addition, in view of all 
the other burdensome expense of war times. 

The people in general were beginning to feel.very sensibly the 
effects of carrying on the war. Prominent among these effects 
were the depreciation of their currency and the scarcity of the 
common necessaries of life. The latter result was regarded as 
the work of monopolists, which then unduly raised the prices of 
meats as well as of farm products and merchandise, even as they 
do today. Then there were the financial stringency consequent 
upon the vast expenditures needed to prosecute a war, and the 
insatiable greed of brokers and money changers to add to the 
many other distresses of the situation. 

*T. Records, II., p. 44. fib.. P- 48. 

X T. Records, II, p. 90, gthly. || T. Records, II, p. 50, 


In an effort to relieve the pressing burdens, a convention was 
called to consider the best means of amelioration. The conven- 
tion was held at Concord, Sept. 22, 1779, at 10 o'clock A.M., 
and Nehemiah Rand was sent as delegate from this town, 
chosen Aug. 30, previous. At i o'clock P.M. on the same day, 
the town voted to accept the plan of government. An Order had 
been received from the general court to present reasons, if any 
existed, why " Parsons' Corner," so called, should not be set 
off and joined with Duxbury School Farm and a part of the 
Mile Slip, to form a new town. They opposed the measure, and 
appointed Deacon Cram, Capt. I,evi Spaulding and Deacon 
Badger to oppose it in the lyegislature.* 

The reasons presented by this committee are printed in 
full in " Bouton's Town Papers," Vol. XII., pp. 519, 520. 
They were briefly these : In a time when there were only about 
forty families in town, the people in the southeast corner, being 
more compactly located, were the strongest advocates for plac- 
ing our meeting-house where it now stands, much nearer the 
east than the west side. The building was erected at an ex- 
pense from which the people, even yet, have hardly recovered. 
And now these petitioners seek to free themselves wholly from 
the responsibility incurred, and roll it more oppressively on the 
rest of the town. Moreover, a mountain crosses the north part 
of our town, running from east to southwest, beyond which the 
land is already filling up with new inhabitants, who are likely 
to be formed into a town by themselves at no very distant da5^ 
We can not expect to retain them because of the mountain bar- 
rier. In closing, the committee said, " If the Prayer of the 
Aforesaid Petitioners Should be Granted and the Land therein 
Mentioned be set off. And in Process of Time the west Part of 
the Town likewise It will leave a Poor Parish indeed such an 
One as Cannot by any means Support the Gospel and Other 
Necessary Charges." 

" We therefore Submit these Considerations to Your Hon" 
Wisdom to Do therein as to Justice Shall Appertain And as in 
Duty Bound Shall Ever pray." 

Levi Spaulding '\ 

Benjamin Cram \ Committee. 

David Badger 3 

[The project did not succeed. — Ed.] 

In compliance with an address issued by the fore-mentioned 

^Parsons' Cor. Defection. 


Concord convention of Sept. 27, 1779, to the several towns of the 
colony, a committee of nineneen men was appointed by our 
town, " to set a value " upon the necessaries of life, and to note 
any violation of the agreement fixed upon by the committee, 
acting under the instruction of the convention. The members 
of that committee were men of high standing, heads of fam- 
ilies from all parts of the town, whose character and judgment 
would have great weight and influence. Their names follow :* 
Peter Clark Daniel Gould 

Jeremiah Carlton Nathaniel Phelps 

Thomas Parsons Capt. Wm, Barrons 

Nehemiah Rand Samuel McMaster 

Nathaniel Batchelder Deacon Putnam 

Jacob Wellman Amos Whittemore 

David Badger Nathan Parsons 

Josiah Woodbury Jacob Cram 

John Raynolds Jonathan Parsons 

Joseph Herrick 

At a legal meeting the nth of October, 1779, 

1. Voted to accept the report of this committee and 

2. Voted " that this committee be continued, and follow the 
direction of the Convention in all respects for the appreciating 
our paper currency." 

At the regular annual meeting, March 9, 1779, the sixth 
article to consider was the insufficiency of the pastor's salary, 
in view of the depreciated currency. The response to this 
matter was cordial, and it was voted to pay Rev. Sewall Good- 
ridge ^750, Iv. M., including his stated salary for the year, " in 
corn, rye, wool, flax, pork, beef, or labor, at the price such 
articles used to be sold for in the year 1774." 

The town, Aug. 3, 1779, was requested to act on three arti- 
cles presented in a petition which had been sent to the select- 
men, signed by a number of persons.* 

Article i. To hear the complaint of any aggrieved person, 
and allow every one liberty to stand or sit, during the singing 
in public worship ; 

Article 2. To see if the church and congregation may intro- 
duce Dr. Watts' version of the psalms and hymns into the 
public worship ; and 

Article 3. To see if the town will grant the " Choreesters'' 
(choir ? ) any particular seat or seats in the meeting-house. 

*T. R., II, p. 60. t Vol. II, T. R., pp. 57, 58- 


Tlie petition was granted, and permission was given to intro- 
duce said "psalms and hymns" upon trial for three months; 
and also voted four men's seats and three women's seats below 
in the meeting-house to accommodate the singers. 

Feb. 3, 1780, the citizens were requested to state whether 
they were willing that Joshua Atherton Esq. might plead law 
in the county for anj- who wished to employ him. On March 
28 following, the town unanimously voted their disapprobation 
of Mr. Atherton's pleading law. 

At the same meeting, they voted to allow Mr. Nehemiah 
Rand's account for attending the conventions at Concord and 
Exeter for forming a plan of government, and supporting the 
credit of the currency for the years 1778 and 1779 ; (viz.) the 
quantity of 22 bushels and 3 pecks of corn, or money to pur- 
chase the same. Voted, also to allow thirty dollars for a day's 
work, previously hired at 3 shillings.* 

The town voted April 17, 1780, to choose a committee to 
report to the committee of claims sitting at Exeter, the amounts 
of money, certified b)' oath, that had been " paid to or ex- 
pended on the Continental soldiers or their families since the 
year 1777."+ Committee, Major Clark, Deacon Putnam, Jere- 
miah Carlton, Capt. Wellman and Esqr. Fuller. 

The surrounding towns have all sought, and profited by 
securing portions of Lyndeborough territory.* In 1780, a peti- 
tion was sent to the General Court by several inhabitants of 
this town and of the northwest part of Amherst, praying that 
a half mile of the east side of this town be annexed to the 
northwest part of the town of Amherst, and formed into a new 
town. The Legislature gave the town the usual notice, to show 
cause why the petition should not be granted. The town at a 
legal meeting, held Sept. 28, 1780, chose Deacon Badger, Capt. 
Barron, and Capt. Spaulding to present a remonstrance to the 
Legislature against the aim of the petitioners, and the project 
for the time at least was defeated. 

Jan. 29, 1 78 1, the'town chose a committee consisting of Capt. 
Jonas Kidder, Lieut. Amos Whittemore and Ensign John 
Savage, to make an average of what every man had done in 
town toward the war, since its commencement. t The average 
was made month for month, according to the time spent in the 
army. A bounty of forty shillings per month was paid them 

*T. R. I, p. 90, II, p. 66, 5thly. JT. Records II, p, 73. 

t T. Records II, pp. 68 and 69. II T. Records II, p. 8a. 


for service done in the army. But citizens of this town were 
not to receive anything for service rendered for other towns, 
unless such service was properly certified, or proof of it was 
furnished by two reliable witnesses. 

Another committee was chosen at the same meeting, consist- 
ing of Capt. Barron, Mr. Amos Persons, and Mr. Eleazar 
Woodward, and the commissioned officers, to raise and enlist 
the quota of men for the town.* 

Feb. 20, 1781. At a legal meeting, Capt. Spaulding, Modera- 
tor, " Voted to accept the agreement which the committee 
has made with the men who engaged to serve in the Conti- 
nental Army for the term of three years. "t The committee 
was authorized to give notes on the behalf of the town, which 
voted to give each soldier that enlisted in the Continental Army 
for three years a thousand dollars paper money, to be deducted 
out of their hire in proportion to the agreement. The agree- 
ment was that each soldier was to receive one-third of his wages 
or bounty, at the end of each year, which was secured to him 
by notes, given on behalf of the town. The selectmen were 
authorized to assess the money on the town. 

THE soldier's AGREEMENT FOR THE YEAR 1781.+ 

We the Subscribers, for and in consideration of Eight Dollars 
per month, to be paid in Indian corn at three shillings per 
bushel, or rye at four shillings per bushel, or money, or quick 
stock equal thereto, to be paid to us by the town of Lynde- 
borough in three years from the time of our passing muster, 
Do voluntarily inlist ourselves to serve in the Continental army 
the term of three years from the time we pass muster, and 
promise obedience to our officers and submit to the rules and 
regulations of the army during the said term. 

Further, we agree that if we do not pass muster, the agree- 
ment to be void ; and we further agree with Capt. William 
Barron and Mr. Amos Persons and Mr. Eleazer Woodward 
together with the commissioned officers, a committee chosen by 
the town to hire our proportion of Continental men to take one 
thousand paper dollars and Reduct it out of the above sum, 
agreeable to the price of Grain in paper money. 
Lyndeborough Feb. i 1781. 

John Putnam Samuel Punchard Jr. 

Moses Ordway Edward Spaulding 

t T. Records U, p. 82. f T, Records II, p. 84. JT. Records II, p. 85. 


Israel Hails, During war. Luther Smith 
A true Copp}' Att. per. Benj" Jones \ Town Clerk 

At a legal meeting held May 15, rySi, Maj. Peter Clark was 
chosen to represent the town in the convention called to meet at 
Concord, the first Tuesday of June next.* 

Jul}' 10, the town voted, that constables shall not receive any 
of the old continental money for the town rates of those who 
are behind in their lists ; but that they receive the new emis- 
sion in lieu thereof, at the rate of one dollar for forty of the old. 
Voted further, that the Treasurer shall not receive any of the 
old money after the 12th day of July, 1781. 

The purchase of beef for the army was a matter of great 
importance in the Revolutionary War, as well as in the late war 
with Spain. This town was expected and required to furnish 
its share of the commodity or of money to buy it elsewhere. 
On the 15th of August, 1781, the town voted to raise " Two 
Hundred and Fifty Pound, Lawful Money in silver, to purchase 
army beef for this year."t 

On the 19th of October, 1781, the army of Cornwallis sur- 
rendered to the American forces at Yorktown, Va. At this 
there were great rejoicings all over the land, and well there 
might be, for this was the master stroke, the decisive victory of 
the war. The fighting, practically, ceased with this battle. 
The armies still kept the field to guard danger points. But 
gradually the enemy withdrew, and Great Britain, at length, 
in Parliament decreed it inconsistent with her interests, any 
longer to continue the war. Not till November, 1783, however, 
was peace definitely declared ; and then, the American army 

The contest thus closed was one of the most remarkable in 
the history of the human race ; nor can any believer in an over- 
ruling Providence fail to be deeply impressed with the idea that 
"the embattled farmers " of our new fledged states were Provi- 
dentially aided in the unequal, and as many feared, unavailing 
struggle. Our town might be pardoned for cherishing a little 
pride in the part taken by her citizens in that successful 
achievement. No eulogy can be more eloquent than the facts 
and votes chronicled in our town records. I have cited some of 
the votes of the town relating to the soldiers. The heroism of 
the soldiers themselves may be partly learned from the sketches 

* T. Records II, pp. 94 and 95. t T. Records II, page 96. 


of the five captains which went from our town with the sub- 
ordinate officers and the men in the ranks. These brief biog- 
raphies alone would indicate some of the patriotic interest of our 
townsmen in their country's freedom. But a record more ex- 
tended and particular will not diminish our admiration for our 
Revolutionary predecessors. 

A special record of individual service, collected by our 
worhty long-time Town Clerk, Mr. E. A. Danforth, at the sug- 
gestion of Mr. D. C. Grant, strongly seconded by his brother, 
W. H. Grant Esq., is of unusual interest, and is largely self- 

It is given as presented by our Clerk. 


An account of those that went in the Service in the year 1776 
and of those that Hired them, viz.: 

Cap John Stephenson did a whole turn Hired Joseph Elenwood Junr. 

Mr. John Kidder did a whole turn hired Mr. John Rowe 12/0 

Sart. Aaron Lewes did one quarter of a turn 

Mr. Nathan Parsons did one quarter of a turn 

they hired Mr. John Rynolds and Rynolds did half a turn for himself 

Dea'n Ephraim Putnam and Son Ephraim did a whole turn they hired 
Nath'l Bachelor. 

Esq'r Andrew Fuller did two thirds of a turn 

Lieut. Jonas Kidder one third of a turn they hired Samuel Butterfield 

Deacon David Badger did half a turn 

Mr. Robart Badger did half a turn, they hired Hezekiah Hamblet 

Mr. George Goole and son Daniel did a whole turn 

they hired Philip Flecher 

Cap. William Barons went Did a turn for himself 

Sar. Peter Russell did half a turn Mr. Joshua Hadley half a turn 
Russel went 

Mr. Ruben Bachelor did half a turn Mr. Joseph Bachelor did half a 
turn Ruben went. 

Mr. William Carson did two thirds of a turn 

Mr. Jonathan Chamberlain did one third of a turn 

they hired Mr. John Savage and Mr. Sam'l Stephens and each of them 
did half a turn for themselves 

Mr. John Aordaway did half a turn 

Mr. Isaac Day did half a turn Day went 

Lieut Sam'l Huston Sarg't Amos Whittemore Simeon Flecher Each did 
one third of a turn hired James Burnam 

Cap Jonath'n Cram Mr. Solomon Cram Mr. Asael Stiles Each Did one 
third of a turn Stiles went 


Mr. Ephraim Putnam 3(1 did half a turn 
Mr. John Buffe did half a turn Buffe went 
Ens'n Nathaniel Phelps did two thirds of a turn 

Mr. Jeremiah Carleton did one third of a turn they hired Mr. John 

The above persons went to Ticonderoga passed muster July 
22 and continued in the Service until the first of December 

Those that inlisted to clear out the Road to St. Johns are as 
follows, (viz) 

David Putnam Hezekiah Duncle 3 months 

Ebenezer Denten* 3 months & Yz Nathan Cram home sick inlisted 

June the 3 for three months 

The following is an account of men that enlisted to go to new 
yorkt and passed muster September 26 1776 and continued in 
the Service until the first of December each went for himself 
only nameley 

Ithamar Woodard Amos Whittemore 

Josiah Woodbery Jun'r Asa Button 

Nathaniel Woodbery Ezra Button 

Benj'n Senter Joseph Willkens 

Ebenezer Gardner Nicklus Beesom 

Hezekiah Buncle went in the Room of Jesse Putnam 

and Received two BoUars of Put- 
nam for the same. 

The following men went to new york Inlisted in December 
and Continued untill the first of March Namely 

Richard Bating Baniel Cram 

Andrew Creese Samuel ChambeerJ 

Aaron Putnam 

An account of those that went upon the Alaram July i 1777 

Served 12 Bays the Longest Lieut Sam'l Huston 

Sarg't Aaron Lewes 
Jeremiah Carleton 
Jonathan Chamberlin 
Jonathan Chamberlin Jun 
John Beesom 

William Holt gone 3 Bays 
Aaron Putnam 
Timothy Parsons 

Nehe'h Hutchinson for woodard 3 Days 
John Hutchinson 
Edward Bavins 
Baniel Cram 

* Probably hired man of Capt. Clark's. 

t White Plains, Oct. 2cS, 1776. 

\ Probably Chamberlain ; compare with R. Rolls, I, 537, 538. 



John Carkar 
Thomas Parsons 
Josiah Abbot 
Simeon Fletcher 
Joseph Batchelder 
Ruben Spaulding 9 Days 
John Booffe 

An account of those men that went to Bennington Engaged 
July 21 1777 Continued in the Service two months 

Peter Clark 
Stephen Burnam 
Nathaniel Burnam 
Benj'n Osgood 
Daniel Herrick 
George Parsone 
John Meads 
Aaron Whittemore 
John Hutchinson 
Amos Wilkins 
John Stiles 
Walter Roos 
Benj'n Cram Jun'r 
Benj'n Dutton 
William Holt 
David Straton 
Ruben Spaulding 
Jacob Cram 
Edmund Bickford 
David Cram 

hired Jessa Lund 

hired Josiah Blanchard 

hired Nehemiah Hutchinson 
hired Sam'l Hutchinson 

hired Josiah Woodbery Jun'r 

hired Ezra Dutton 

hired Benj'n tuck Ellingwood 

hired Jacob Dutton 

hired Tho's Pringle 

hired Nathanael Woodbery 

hired Hezekiah Duncle 

An account of those men that to Saratoge to take Bur- 
goine Engaged September 29th 1777 in the Service 26 Days 

David Putnam 
John Smith 
Simeon Fletcher Jun'r 
Hezekiah Hamblet 
Timothy Parson 
James Burnam 

Thomas Parsons hired Edw'd Bavins 
Joshua Balch hired Andrew Creese 

An account of those men that went to RhoadisJand August 6 
1778 Engaged 

Wm L,ee Daniel Gould 

Jonas Kidder Daniel Cram 

Ruben Spaulding John Kidder Jun'r 

Joseph Herrick Nicholas Beasou went for Lt Buffe 

Francis Epes Timothy Parsons 

Edward Bavins Samuel Hutchinson 

Peter Clark 

Joseph Ellingwood 

Sam'l Punchard 

James Punchard hired Skerrey 

Joseph Herrick 

Francis Epes 

Jonathan Chamberlin Jun'r 

Daniel Cram 



Nathan Parsons Robart Badger 

Adam Johnson Jun'r Jacob Cram hired Jessa Lund 

July 1778 
Jacob Button went Six months to Rhoad Island half the time for 
Eleazer Woodard and the other half for Moses Stiles Jun'r and Uriah 

an account of those men that procured four men for the Con- 
tinental Army for one year July 15 1777 


Deacon Badger 

Deacon Putnam 


Lieut R Spaulding 

Joshua Hadley 


John Ordway 

William Holt 


Ephraim Putnam Second 

Solomon Cram 

for one 

Andrew Fuller 

Benj'n Killam 


Jonas Kidder 

Capt John Stephenson 

John Kidder 

Sam'l Punchard 


Dr. Jones 

Josiah Abbot 

Nath'l Ravnolds 


John Carkin 

Samuel Hutchinson 

John Case 


Jonathan Chamberlin 

Lieut Huston 

James Punchard 


Ensign Phelps 



Sam'l Towns 


Adam Johnson 



Adam Johnson, Jun'r 


Daniel Gould 



Thomas Richardson 


Benj'n Punchard 


Jonathan Whittemore 


Cap Cram 

David Cram 

John Archer 


Joseph Ellingwood 

vStepheu Burnam 


Joshua Stiles 



John Thompson 




hired John Woodbery 

hired John Mellen 

Those that hired two men to go to Rhoad Island for six 
months are. 


John Clark 2 

Benj'n Bullock 2 

Sam'l Whittemore 2 

Will'm Blaenough 2 

Moses Lever 2 

John Woodard 2 

Those men that Engaged to go to Portsmouth for two months 
from September 5, 1779 were 
John Archer Nath'l Burnam 

Jonas Kidder Samuel Hutcherson hired Stephen Ritcherson 

account of thos men that Enlisted to go to Cohos in the Ser- 
vice Six weeks march 1780 

Dea John Putnam William Carson 

Peter Russell Enock Ordway 

an account of those that hired men for Six months in the Con- 
tinental army 

Ens John Savag 
Daniel herrick 
James Burnam 



Joseph herrick 
Ephraim Abbot 
Edmand bigford 



Eleazer Woodard 
David Straton 
John Stiles 



Doct Jones 
Moses Stils jur 


Jonathan Pearson jur 
Thomas Pearson 
Jacob Cram 


Jonathan Chamberlin jur 
Jeremiah Carlton 


Daniel Gould 
hezekiah Duntley 
Johnathan Whitemore 



Walter Ross 
William Punchard 
Uriah Cram 




William Mcadams 
Robert Mcadams 
William Mcadams 



Benjamin Burros 
Hugh Mcadams 



July ye 4 1780 
an account of those that hired men for three months to go to 
westpoint July 4 ye 1780 


Jonas Kidder 

Cap' John Stephenson 
Edward Spauldiug 
Lieu' Reuben Spaulding 

Robert Badger 
Jonathan Chamberlin 

Deacon Badger 
John Ordway 
Joel manuel 


Decon Putnam i 

Ephraim Putnam jur i 

Daniel Cram i 

John Kidder 2 

Benjamin Button I 

Benjamin Punchard i 

Aaron L,ewes I 

James Punchard I 

Adam Johnson i 

David Cram i 

Thomas Richardson i 

Ens Nath'l Phelps 2 

Samuel towns i 

Joshua Hadley i^ 

Nathan Pearson i 

John Meeds \ 

Lieut Huston i 

Lieut Whitemore i 

Philip Fletcher i 

an acount of tlioes that went to the westward for three months 
in the year 1781 

Simeon Fletcher went and did one month for him Self. 

Edmand Bickford Benja Osgood Jonathan Whitemore and Ezekiah 
Duntley Each of them Did a fortnit 

William Holt Did two months 

Peter Russel Did one furtnit 

William Tayler did one furtnit 

an aCount of those that hired William I^ee to go to Cohoss 
July 12 1782 

John Ordway Did two months 

William Holt jur Did one month 

Stephen Burnam Ephraim Abbot Joseph Elenwood William Tayler 
Each of them Did a fortnit 

Return of Soldiers bountjes Made to the Committe on Claims in the 
year 1788 is /75i:i3:ii 

lyYNDEBOROUGH, N. H,, March 9th, T892 
I hereby certify that I have carefully compared the foregoing 
copy with the original record thereof, now remaining in my 
ofl&ce, and that the same is a true and correct copy and tran- 
script thereof, and of the whole thereof. 

Edgar A. Danforth, 

Town Clerk of the 
Town of lyyndeborough. 

lyYNDEBOROUGH, Decemb'r ye 25, 1777 
To the Gentelmen Selectmen For the Town of I^ynd'h per- 



sewing to a Vote of this Town for the Committy making an 
Everidge in the proportion of the war for this Town from April 
20, 1775 to May 1777 the following is our Sentiments Con- 
sidering the places of the Destination of those persons that 
Have Served in the war Now Belonging to this Town. 

the preceeding Sums annexed to Every man's Name is in 
Lawful mony. 

Those persons that went to the Alarm and Returned with 
lyieut Barron the Committee have Allowed each man ^0:10:0 

the following is the Names of those persons that returned 

Lieut. Barron 
Jolin Reynolds 
John Savage 
Samuel Stephens 
Peter Russell 
Philip Fletcher 
Nath" Burnam 
Joseph Herrick 
Adam Johnson, Jur 
Daniel Gould 

Sum Total ;^9:o8:o 

Our Reasons for Seting the Services above is the provision 
& Expense was paid By the Town 

Those that Engag'' in the Service For the Year 1775 there 
Time 8 months at winter Hill the Committee have allow** those 
persons that then Engag'' for the 8 months Belonging to this 
Town twelve Shillings Each man 

Ebenezer Gardner 
John Thompson 
And* Thompson 
Reuben Batcheldr 
Amos Whittemore 
John Catkin 
Nath" Phelps 
Edward Bevings 
Lieut Spaulding 

Capt Spaulding 
Lt. Thomas Boffe 
Ensign Will"' Lee 
Joseph Ellenwood Jur 
Jese Lund 

Nehemiah Hutchinson 
Samuel Macmaster 
Nath" Batcheldor 
Jacob Button 
Ezra Button 

Our Reasons for Sitting the Service at winter Hill at this 
Value is None Gave more that Hird others to Do there Turn 

Those that Engag'' in the Ser\dce For the Year 1776 that 
went to from winter Hill to York and there Tarry'' through out 

Edward Beving Jur 
John Smith 
Jacob Wellman Jur 
Elisha Winkings 
Baniel Cram 5 months 
John Hutchinson 
David putnam 
Benj* Bevings 
phineas Barker 



the Campaign the Coramitte Allow'' those men one pound p"^ 


Adam Johnson jur Alias Thorn" pringle 

John Johnson Edward Bevings jur 

Those that Engag** For the year 1776 that went from winter 
Hill to Canada and Concluded the Same Back to Trenton the 
Committe allow'' those persons one pound twelve shillings p'^ 

Cap' Spawlding Nehemiah Hutchison 

Lieut Thorn. Boffe Samuel Stiles 

Ensign Will™ Lee John Woodbury 

Jacob Button James Cambell 

Those that Engage'' in the Year 1776 and went to Tyconde- 
rogue 4 months and Ten Days and have allow'' Every man 
what he paid towards the 4 months and Ten Days those that 
went for themselves have allow** the same 


Cap' Barron / 12:0:0 

Cap' John Stevenson Ditto 

John Kidder Ditto 

John Reynolds 6:0:0 

Aaron Lewis Z-O-o 

Nathan Persons 3:0:0 

Deac" putnam 6:0:0 

Deac" putnam jur 4:0:0 

David Badger 5:6:0 

Robert Badger 5:6:6 

Gorge Goold 6:0:0 

Daniel Goold 6:0:0 

Rewben Batcheldor 6:0:8 

Joseph Batcheldor 6:0:0 

peter Russell 5:6:8 

Joshua Hadley 6:13:4 

William Carson 6:0:0 

Sum Total 

John Savage >^6:o:o 

Esq' Fuller 7:4:0 

Lieut. Kidder 3:12:0 

John Ordway 6:0:0 

Isaac Day 6:0.0 

Lieut. Hueston 4:0:0 

Amos Whittemore 4:0:0 

Simeon Fletcher 4:0:0 

Cap' Cram 4:0:0 

Solomon Cram 4:0:0 

Asael Stiles 4:0:0 
Ephraim Putnam ye 3*^ 6:0:0 

John Boffe 6:0:0 

Samuel Stephens 6.0:0 
Jonathan Chamberlain 4:0:0 

Ens, Phelps 6:0:0 

Jeremiah Carlton 3:0:0 



those men that Engag** in the Service for the Year 1776 in 
September & went to New York have Allow'* 1 8/0 p' month For 
Each man 

Nathaniel Woodbury Ithamar Woodard 

Josiah Woodbury Jur Amos Whittemore 

Ebenezer Gardner Ezra Dutton 


Benj* Senter . Joseph Willkings Jur 

Epes By Dunckly Jesse Putnam 

Aasa Button 

Those men that went in the Service to Fishkill in the year 
1777 there Time 3 months have allow'' Each man 15/0 p"" month 

Samuel Chamberlain Daniel Cram 

Richard Badden Aaron Putnam 

And^ Creasy 

Those that went to Coos to Clear the Roads to St. Johns, 
have Allow'* Each man 15/0 p' month 


David Putnam Nathan Cram 

Hezekiah Dunckly Cap* Clark's man 

This May Certify the Selectmen and others that the Services 
of And^^ Thompson James Thompson Jesse Lund John Well- 
man and William Blany For the year 1776 was Done for persons 
in Other Towns who Hir'* them therefore we the Committy 
think that they ought Not to Be Allow'' any thing By the 
Town for there Services in as much as the Town was Depriv** 
of the Service of those men. 

these may Certify the Town that we are Not Satisfied what 
allowance may Be Just to allow Adam Johnson in Regard of 
Hiring James Johnson Benj"^ Jones in Regard of hiring John 
Hutchinson and Isaac Kidder in Regard of Hiring Benj* Dike 

Nath" Batcheldor\ 

David Badger 

Reuben Spalding) Committe 

Joseph Herrick 

Benj^ Jones y 2d 

lyYNDEBOROUGH, N. H., March 9, 1892. 
I hereby certify that I have carefully compared the foregoing 
copy with the original record thereof, now remaining in my 
office, and that the same is a true and correct copy and tran- 
scrip thereof and of the whole thereof. 

Edgar A. Danforth, 

Town Clerk of the 

Town of Lyndeborough. 


The Constitution of the National Society states in Article III, 
Sect. I : " Any man shall be eligible to membership in this So- 
ciety, who, being of the age of twenty-oue years or over, and a 


citizen of good repute in the community, is the lineal descend- 
ant of an ancestor who was at all times unfailing in his loj'alty 
to and rendered actual service in the cause of American Inde- 
pendence, either as an ofhcer, soldier, seaman, marine, militia- 
man or minuteman, in the armed forces of the Continental Con- 
gress ; or of any one of the several Colonies or States ; or as a 
Signer of the Declaration of Independence ; or as a member of 
a Committee of Safety or Correspondence ; or as a member of 
any Continental, Provincial or Colonial Congress or L,egislature ; 
or as a civil officer, either of one of the Colonies or States or of 
the national government ; or as a recognized patriot who per- 
formed actual service by overt acts of resistance to the authority 
of Great Britain." Copied from the " Year Book of the Minne- 
sota Society, Sons of the American Revolution," p. 39. 


Lyndeborough had the military honor of furnishing five cap- 
tains in the War for Independence. Their names were William 
Barron, Peter Clark, Jonas Kidder, William L,ee and I^evi 
Spaulding. Some of these did service in more than one cam- 
paign, and for the sake of both brevity andj convenience, the 
service will be indicated as follows : Capt. Spaulding's men at 
Bunker Hill and Winter Hill will be indicated respectively by 
the capitals, B. H. and W. H.; Capt. Clark's men, on the 
Alarm at Bennington and at Saratoga will be marked A., B. and 
S.; Captain Barron's men marched for Canada and served at 
Ticonderoga, indicated by C. or Ti.; Captain I^ee's men served, 
as indicated, in R. I.; Captain Kidder's men, raised for service 
at West Point in 1780, will be marked as W. P. 

Special sketches of the captains are given, and the rank of 
the men serving under them will be stated, so far as obtainable. 

The statements here made are based on the records of our 
town (see preceding pages, 161 to 169) and also on the Revolu- 
tionary Rolls of New Hampshire which are printed as state 


1. Abbott, Kphraim. Our town records state that Ephraim 
Abbott paid a month's hire or bounty for a man to serve in the 
Continental Army ; and also in the " account of those that hired 
William L,ee to go to Cohoss," he is said to have done "a 

2. Abbott, Josiah. The home of Josiah Abbott seems to 
have been in the northwest part of the town, which was after- 


wards set off to form the town of Greenfield. He served under 
Capt. Peter Clark, on the A. He was also at Portsmouth, Sept. 
27, 1779. He likewise paid one month's bounty toward Isaac 
Carkin, who served a year in the Continental Army. He was, 
likely, a relative of the preceding Ephraim. Peterboro History, 
p. 5, of family registers, has a favorable sketch of his son 
Daniel, a native of Lyndeborough. 

3. Archer, John. The name of John Archer appears in our 
town records under date of 1776. He is called Capt. Archer, 
and is named as owning land on a road laid out from James to 
Nathaniel Burnam's, who were settled in the northwest part of 
the town. He paid one month's wages or bounty, towards 
William Burnam, for serving a year in the Continental Army. 

He also engaged and served two months at Portsmouth in 

1779. The name John Archer is given as one who owned an 
original right in Salem-Canada, who was drawn for in the first 
draft for lots by Jonathan Verry, and in the second draft by 
Captain Bowers. There is no impossibility that he was the 
same man, but, also, there is no certainty in the case. 


4 and 5. Badger, David and Robert. They were sons of 
John Badger, the first settler in that part of Salem-Canada which 
was taken to form Township No. 2 (now Wilton). 

Deacon David Badger, as the name is frequently written in 
our town records, lived on the place now occupied by Mr. 
James Karr, north of the pond named for him, Badger Pond. 
The brothers united in hiring Hezekiah Hamblet to serve in 
Capt. Barron's Co. at Ti. The Deacon, also, paid one month's 
hire of John Purple, to serve in the Continental Army a year for 
Lyndeborough ; and also a month for a man to go to W. P. in 

1780. He was deacon of the Congregational church, and was 
the moderator of the annual town meeting in the years 1775 and 
1776. He was a prominent actor in the town business, and is 
said to have brought up a large family. He was chosen select- 
man in 1780, and served from time to time in the various offices 
and committees of the town. 

5. Badger, Robert. Robert Badger was a brother of David, 
and joined with him in hiring Hezekiah Hamblet to do a turn 
of army service in Capt. William Barron's Co. at Ti. in 1776, — 
time of service, four months, ten days. He was a corporal in 
Capt. William Lee's Co., and went to R. I. in 1778. He paid 
one and one-half months' bounty for a man to go to W. P. in 
1780. He was frequently honored by his townsmen with official 
position and various duties, and proved worthy of their confi- 
dence and esteem. 

His home was on the place now owned by Mr. Harry Rich- 
ardson, near the summit of Iy3'ndeborough mountain. 

6. Barker, Phineas. Phineas Barker was one of Capt. Levi 


Spaiilding's Co. in the famous battle of B. H. He was also 
with Capt. S. in the W. H. campaign in 1776, serving eight 
months. His home seems to have been toward the west side of 
the town, probably on land at a later day set off to form the 
town of Greenfield. 

7. Barnum, James. James Barnura was a soldier in Capt. 
Barron's Co., raised for Canada, out of Col. Daniel Moore's 
Regt., mustered and paid by Moses Kelly Esq., July 22, 
1776. He seems to have lived in the northwest part of the 
town, a part which furnished many revolutionary men for its 

8. Barron, Capt. William. See sketch of Capt. William 
Barron. He was one of seven brothers, all of whom served in 
the Revolution. 

9. Barron, Samuel. Samuel Barron was a resident of 
Amherst, and took the place of Asa Boutwell in the army. He 
was hired by Capt. Peter Clark, and for a fuller account of 
him, see sketch of Capt. Clark. Samuel Barron entered May 
I, 1778; and was discharged May 20, 1780. (See Asa Bout- 
well No. 24.) 

10. Batchelder, Joseph. Joseph Batchelder served at Ti. 
through Reuben, who went there under Capt. William Barron. 
He marched with Capt. Clark on the A., July i, 1777. When 
the Greenfield church was constituted, he became one of its 
members, and this would seem to show that he lived near 

11. Batchelder, Nathaniel. Capt. Nathaniel Batchelder 
appears first as a private in Capt. Spaulding's Co. He was at 
B. H. and continued in the campaign at W. H. 1775-6. He 
served for awhile in 1776, as a substitute for Deacon Ephraim 
Putnam and his son Ephraim. April 8, 1777, he was one of 
the five men appointed to raise a bounty of one hundred dol- 
lars for each man of the sixteen then required to make up the 
quota. May i, 1777, a road was laid out between his house 
and that of Josiah Woodbury. Jan. 12, 1778, he signed a pro- 
test against overpaying soldiers, and in 1780, he was chosen 
selectman. On May 6, 1777, he was appointed chairman of an 
important committee chosen to set a value upon the various 
turns of service done in the several campaigns by the soldiers 
of Eyndeborough. He was a prominent man in the town, 
holding official position from the commencement of the war till 
after its close. He is repeatedly called Capt. in our town 
records ; but no roll has been found of men whom he com- 
manded in the Revolutionary War. There were several of the 
same name in the army, and care should be taken to distin- 
guish him from the others. He served for lyyndeborough in 
the Continental Army in 1780. After 1785 the name ceases 
from our records. 


12. Batchelder, Reuben. Reuben and Joseph Batchelder 
furnished a "turn" of military service in 1776, the former 
rendering the actual service, and the latter paying his portion 
of the wages or bounty. 

Reuben went under Capt. William Barron to Ti., having 
passed muster July 22, and served till Dec. i. He returned 
with Capt. Barron. 

The names of Joseph, Nathaniel and Reuben Batchelder are 
signed to the protest presented in January, 1778, against the 
town's voting money away for bounties to men who served for, 
and were paid by other towns. The objection was that the 
town ought not to pay bounties for services which it did not 

13. Batten, Richard. Richard Batten was one of the men 
raised and " mustered by Col. Daniel Moor Out of his Regi- 
ment, to March to New York Agi'eeable to a late requisition 
the 19th. Day of Dec'. 1776." He served at Fishkill in 1777, 
time 3 mos. and received from the town 15 shillings per month 
bounty. Richard Batten was among the gifts of Lyndeborough 
to Francestown in 1792. He married Mary, dau. of Nehemiah 
Rand Esq. of lyyndeborough. His daughter, Mary Batten, 
b. May 29, 1788, married Amasa Downes of Francestown, Feb. 
13, 1 8 10, and died at Francestown Aug. 22, 18 17. The same 
authority states, that "like his father," he was "a seafaring 
man," and when "first mate of a ship, in a night of fearful 
storm, was blown from the rigging while heroically trying to 
perform what the terrified seamen had shrunk from attempting." 

14. Beasom, John. John Beasom was the son of Philip 
Beasom who came from Marblehead, Mass., to Lyndeborough 
about 1775. He marched with Capt. Peter Clark on the A. 
He married Persis Fletcher, March 11, 1779. He lived on the 
place now occupied by Mr. Samuel Doliver, his great grandson. 

15. Beasom, Nicholas. Nicholas Beasom according to the 
R. Rolls of New Hampshire, Vol. I, p. 425, went to N. Y. in 
Capt. McConnell's Regt., Sept. 26, 1776. Our town record 
states that ' ' he went in the room of Jesse Putnam, and received 
two Dollars of Putnam for the same." The dates of our 
record and the R. Rolls above cited, agree. He was probably 
a brother of John. He went to R. I. in 1778 as substitute for 

Lt. Thomas Boffee. 

16. Bevins, Benjamin, Benjamin Bevins was a resident of 
Duxbury School Farm which laj- adjoining our town on the 
south, running west from its southeast corner. He enlisted 
May 3, 1775, as a fifer in Capt. Benjamin Mann's Co. of Col. 
James Reed's Regiment. He was serving for Lyndeborough, 
in the W. H. detail, for eight months and was paid 12 shillings 
a month bounty. He again enlisted in the Continental service 
in Capt. Wait's Co. in Col. Cilley's Regt. for three years, 


(on page 612 of Vol. I) however he is reckoned in Capt. Scott's 
Co. His name appears again, where the amount of deprecia- 
tion on his wages was $135.20 ; and he received a bounty also 
from the Duxbury School Farm and Mile Slip, previous to 
1780, of ^13 9S. and I d. 

17. Bevins, Edward. Edward Bevins was in Capt. Wm. 
Barron's Co. at Ti. in 1776 from Jul}^ 22 to Dec. i. He was in 
Capt. Peter Clark's Co. on the A. and was also with Capt. 
Clark, as corporal, in Sept., 1777, having been hired by 
Thomas Parsons. He was with Capt. William Lee, in the 
R. I. expedition Aug., 1778. He was also in Capt. Jonas 
Kidder's Co. in the Continental Army, Col. Nichols' Regt. 
at W. P., N. Y., 1780. 

18. Bevins, Edward, Jr. Edward Bevins, Jr. was in Capt. 
Levi Spaulding's Co., in the Battle of B. H., and also in the 
besieging army at W. H. He went from W. H. to New York 
in the winter of 1776, and to cite our town record, "tarryed 
throughout the Campaign." 

The Bevins men all lived near Bevins' Corner, the same 
which is now called Perham's Corner, in the southeast part of 
the town. 

19. Bickford, Edmond. Edmond Bickford is on the town 
roll of Capt. Clark's men for B. He hired Nathaniel Wood- 
bury as substitute. He paid for one month's service of a man 
in the Continential Army, July 4, 1780, and also did two weeks' 
service among the 3 months' men who went westward in 1781. 
His name does not seem to be recorded on the printed Revolu- 
tionary Rolls of New Hampshire ; though he was prominent in 
our town affairs. 

20. Blanchard, Josiah. Josiah Blanchard served for John 
Mead, in Capt. Peter Clark's Co. at B. Though his record is 
not extended, it was much to be with Clark and Stark at Ben- 

21. Blaney, William. For his record see the more ex- 
tended sketch. Our records tell us that he and some others 
served for men of other towns. 

22. Boffee, John. John Boffee was one of Capt. William 
Barron's Co. at Ti. in 1776. He was also in Capt. Clark's Co. 
on A. 

23. Boffee, lyieut. Thomas. Lieut. Thomas Boffee was in 
Capt. Levi Spaulding's Co. both at B. H. and at W. H. as 2nd 
Lt. He went "from W. H. to Canada, and concluded the 
same back to Trenton" in the winter of 1776. He also hired 
Nicholas Beasom to go to Rhode Island in 1778, as his sub- 

The Boffees above named were the sons of Melchizedek 
Boffee who came from Londonderry and settled on the place 


occupied by the late David C. Grant. He was long a Deacon 
of the Congregational Church in Lyndeborough. His son John 
is said to have lived on the place now owned by Mr. George 
Newton. The Lieut, probably succeeded his father on the D. 
C. Grant place, now owned by Mr. Frank Joslin. His grave is 
in the south cemetery, under the pines. 

24. Boutwell, Asa. The town records of a legal meeting 
held Mar. 26, 1778, contain the following entry, " Voted to pro- 
cure and pay a man to take Asa Boutwell' s place in the army." 
Capt. Peter Clark was chosen the agent to hire the man ; and 
the man secured was Samuel Barron of Amherst, who faith- 
fully performed the service. (See sketch of Samuel Barron). 
Asa was the son of James and Mary Boutwell, and was born Feb. 
17, 1 761. He was consequently a little past his seventeenth 
birthday at the time that a man was hired to take his place. 
At a later day Asa Boutwell personally entered the army in Capt. 
Amos Emerson's Co. and Col. Joseph Cilley's Regt. Later 
still, both he and Samuel Barron seem to have served in the 
same company, the fifth Co. in the first Regt. of the Con- 
tinental Army. 

25. Boutwell, James. James Boutwell, so far as traced, 
did no direct military service in the Revolution. He was the 
father of the preceding Asa. He was a member of the Lynde- 
borough committee of safety, its chairman and he was also 
custodian of the town's stock of ammunition, which at that 
day was kept in the meeting-house loft. He was, therefore, 
performing duties of great importance to his country's cause, 
though not personally in the field. His home was where his 
lineal descendant, C. R. Boutwell, lately died. 

26. Burnham, James. James Burnham holds high rank 
among our Revolutionary soldiers. He was with Capt. Barron 
at Ti., hired by Samuel Houston, Amos Whittemore and 
Simeon Fletcher. He was with Capt. Clark and assisted in the 
capture of Gen. Burgoyne at S., time of service 25 days. 
June 28, 1780, he enlisted in the continental service, and in 
July, 1780, paid for one month's service of a man in the same 
army. He was then 30 years of age, and lived in the north- 
west part of the town. 

27. Burnham, Nathaniel. The Burnhams seem to have 
been brothers and all living in the same part of the town. 
Nathaniel was one of Capt. Peter Clark's men at B. He also 
engaged to go to Portsmouth for two months from Sept. 5, 

28. Burnham, Stephen. Stephen Burnham was with 
Capt. Clark at B. He also paid two months' bounty towards 
"William Burnham who enlisted for a year in the Continental 
Army. He likewise '' Did a fortnit," as the type record states, 
toward hiring William Lee to go to Coos in July, 1782. 


29. Burnham, William. William Biiruham was one of the 
four men who enlisted for one year each, in the Continental 
Army, and whose bounty amounted to ^60 each, or ^240. 
This money was raised by subscription, thirty-eight citizens 
and minutemen alike, uniting to procure and pay it. See type 
record i, pp. 6 and 7. A patriotic record. 

30. Butler, Jonathan. Jonathan Butler served first in a 
Massachusetts regiment and was in the battle of B. H. On the 
retreat from the battle he was taken with cramps, fell out of the 
ranks and was left behind. After much suffering he crawled 
into a swamp where he was concealed, and later he managed to 
rejoin his company. 

He came to Lyndeborough in 1777, and Aug. 17, 1778, 
married lyois, daughter of John and Tryphena Kidder of this 
town. The particulars of his service are given by W. H. 
Grant, Esq. thus: "Immediately after the battle of Lexington 
he enlisted as a private ; was soon after promoted and served as 
an orderly sergeant in Capt. Nathaniel Warner's Co. of Col. 
Moses Little's 17th Massachusetts troops, taking part in the 
battle of Bunker Hill and the siege of Boston. He marched 
with his regiment to New York, served on the Hudson, was 
with Washington on his retreat through New Jerse5% and pres- 
ent at the battles of Trenton and Princeton. He was a promi- 
nent citizen of Lyndeborough till his death." 

31. Butterfield, Samuel. Samuel Butterfield was one of 
Capt. WilHam Barron's Co. who went on the C. expedition in 
1776, time of servace four months and ten days. He also 
served in Capt. Jonas Kidder's Co. which went to W. P., N. 
Y., in 1780. His home was north of the mountain, and near 
Francestown, for which town his brother Robert served. 


32. Campbell, James. James Campbell enlisted in Capt. 
Levi Spaulding's Co., which marched four days after the battle 
of Lexington. He was in the battle of B. H., and w^as also at 
W. H. From there he went to Canada and returned and took 
part in the battle of Trenton, Dec. 25, 1776. He was in the 
Continental Army, Capt. Amos Morrill's Co. and Stark's Regt., 
afterward Cilley's, Mar. 7, 1777, and served in the campaign 
against Burgoyne. 

33. Carkin, Isaac. Isaac Carkin w^as in Capt. Levi Spauld- 
ing's Co. at B. H. and also at W. H. He was one of the four 
men who were secured by subscription, to serve a 3'ear in the 
Continental Army, receiving for the same a bounty of ^60 each. 
The term was from July 15, 1777, on. He was in Col. Moses 
Kelley's Regt. June 26, 1779 ; he enlisted to remain through 
the war. Dec. 27, 1779, he was transferred to Capt. Frye's Co. 
From this he was drafted to join Capt. J. Munroe's Co. in Feb- 
ruary, 1 781. There is a discrepancy between this latter state- 


ment and that made in Rolls 3, p. 511, which states that he died 
December, 1781. He doubtless endured hard service and re- 
joiced to survive the surrender of Cornwallis at Yorktown, Oct. 
19, 1781. 

34. Carkin, John. John Carkin was in Capt. William Bar- 
ron's Co., raised for Canada out of Col. Daniel Moore's Regt. 
In that campaign he served for Ensign Nathaniel Phelps and 
Mr. Jeremiah Carleton, who united in hiring him. He was in 
Capt. Peter Clark's Co., on the A. He also paid one month's 
bounty towards Mr. Isaac Carkin 's year in the Continental 
Army. The Carkins lived in the ea.stern part of the town. 
John and Elizabeth (Cram) Carkin settled on the place owned 
by the late Robert Eynch. 

35. Carlton, David. David Carlton was one of Capt. Levi 
Spaulding's Co., and was mortally wounded at B. H. He was 
carried off the ground by his brother-in-law, John Johnson, to a 
safe place, and died two days later, June 19, 1775. He was the 
first Lyndeborough citizen to die for his country, having fallen 
in that memorable battle. 

36. Carleton Ebenezer. Ebenezer Carleton was the son of 
Jeremiah Carleton of Eyndeborough, who lived on the place 
where Mr. Eli C. Curtis now lives. He was a brother of David. 
He is credited to Wilton and certainly served for Wilton men. 
Wilton history states that he did one-eighth of a turn of service 
for Jacob Putnam, one-fourth for Jonathan Burton, and one- 
fourth for Capt. Philip Putnam. The Revolutionary Rolls 
credit him with one year's service for the last-named gentleman, 
"at Boston and Roxbury in 1776," which, however, is ascribed 
to Ebenezer Coston by the Wilton historian. Cannot decide 
which is wrong. 

Such service and his enlistment in Wilton justly accredits him 
to that town. As for a time his home and the home of his par- 
ents during the Revolution and also the remainder of their lives 
was in Eyndeborough, we wrong no one by giving him a place 
on our roll of honor. 

Ebenezer Carleton enlisted as a private Mar. 21, 1777, in the 
Co. of Capt. Isaac Frye, to remain during the war. He was 
transferred from that Co. to ' ' his Excellency General Wash- 
ington's Guard Jan. I, 1779," one of the six New Hampshire 
men who enjoyed that distinction. He so far won the favor of 
the General that he offered him a permanent home at Mount 
Vernon. This honor, his love for home and kindred moved 
him, with great reverence and esteem, however, to decline. At 
his departure Mrs. Washington presented him with a fine gold 
watch as a token of her appreciation of his service in guarding 
her husband. After coming home from this service he settled 
in Chester, N. H. 

Daniel Webster is reported as having once .said to his son 
Fletcher, " I should rather have it said upon my father's tomb- 


stone that he had guarded the person of George Washington, 
and was worthy of such a trust, than to have emblazoned upon 
it the proudest insignia of heraldry that the world could give." 

37. Carleton, Jeremiah. Jeremiah Carleton was the son of 
Jeremiah and brother of the fore-named David and Ebenezer. 
He was one of Lyndeborough's minutemen, which were ar- 
ranged into sections of four men each. Every section sent a 
man to the war ; and those who stayed at home were pledged to 
care for his farm and family. Mr. Carkin, Mr. Carleton, Mr. 
Cram and Mr. Phelps formed one section. Mr. Carkin went to 
the war and the rest took care of his family and carried on his 
farm. In 1777, Mr. Carleton had just ground his scythe to 
commence haying when he received orders to call out the 
militia on double quick time. He hung up his scythe and 
shouldered his musket. He was with Capt. Peter Clark on the 
A. July I, 1777. He acted as their commissary. News came, 
however, that they were not immediately needed, so they re- 
turned home after only 12 days' service. He and Ensign Phelps 
hired Mr. John Carkin in 1776, and at a later day he paid for 
two months' service of one of the six months' men in the Conti- 
nental Army. He was selectman several times, and Lieut, in 
the militia, and a man of marked ability and influence in town. 

38. Carleton, Osgood. Osgood Carleton was long a resi- 
dent of Lyndeborough, where his parents lived before the days 
of the Revolutionary War. A town history of Lyndeborough 
which should fail to record his name, and at least some of his 
achievements, would be justly chargeable with a conspicuous 
oversight. The record of his military' service here appended, 
though imperfect, was the best obtainable. It may be found in 
Heitman's " Historical Register of Officers of the Continental 
Army, 1775-1783-" 

"Osgood Carleton (Mass.) Quartermaster of the i6th. Conti- 
nental Infantry, i Jan. to 31 Dec. 1776. First Lieut. 15th. 
Mass. ist. Jan. 1777; transferred to Invalid Regiment Dec. i, 
1778; Regimental Q. M. Sept. 7, 1782, and serv^ed to June 
1785. (Died June 1816.)" He was eldest brother of the Carle- 
ton's above named. Later information and fuller will be found 
in the sketch of his life hereafter given. 

39. Carson, William. William Carson was a resident in the 
eastern part of our town, a part afterwards annexed to Mont 
Vernon. He was represented in the Ti. campaign by his substi- 
tute, Mr. John Savage, who was in Capt. William Barron's 
Co. He enlisted in 1780 to go to Coos for six months. 

40. Case, John. The name of John Case appears on our 
town records, marking him as one of Lyndeborough's highway 
surveyors for the years 1777, 1778, 1781 and 1783. He is clearly 
indicated as one of our citizens, too, in Hammond's "Town 
Papers of New Hampshire, Vol. XII, p. 511. These statements 
are made because some of the printed authorities credit him to 


the town of Wilton. The diary of Jonathan Burton of Wil- 
ton names him as one of Capt. Benjamin Taylor's Co., which 
marched from Amherst to join the Continental Army at W. H., 
Dec. 8, 1775. He served in the same Co. at Ti. in 1776. He 
also assisted in hiring Mr. Isaac Carkin of Lyndeborough to 
serve a year in the Continental Army. He lived in that part of 
our town which then adjoined Amherst, and was one of the 
original petitioners for the township of Mont Vernon. 

John Case married Elizabeth Curtis of Lyndeborough. He 
removed from Lyndeborough to Antrim in 1796. He was born 
in Middleton, Mass., and served during the whole seven years 
of the Revolutionary War. Antrim History saj'S, "he had a 
large family and was very poor. His wife drove the cattle daily 
into the woods to browse, her only means of keeping them 

41. Cavender, Charles. "Charles Cavender was born in 
the county of Wexford, Ireland, 1750; lived in that part of 
Lyndeborough now Greenfield, N. H., and died at the same 
place May 6, 1833. In May, 1775, he enlisted and served 10 
months as private in Capt. George Reed's Co. of Col. John 
Stark's regiment, N. H. state troops. He was in the battle 
of Bunker Hill and the siege of Boston. In March, 1776, he 
again enlisted as a private in the same company and regiment, 
serving 13 months and 14 days. He was with his regiment 
around New York on the Hudson, at Ticonderoga, in Washing- 
ton's retreat through New Jersey, and at the battles of Trenton 
and Princeton. At Morristown, Dec. 31, 1776, his enlistment 
having expired, he, with his regiment, at the request of Wash- 
ington, reenlisted for 60 days, and continued in the service until 
the middle of April, 1777. 

On the 23rd of July, 1777, he enlisted, and was mustered as 
first Corporal in Capt. Peter Clark's Company of Col. Thomas 
Stickney's Regiment, Gen. Stark's Brigade, N. H. Militia, or- 
ganized to oppose Burgoyne's invasion, and was present and 
took part in the battle of Bennington, Aug. 16, 1777. In the 
summer of 1778 he again enlisted, and served 6 months as a 
private in Capt. James Barry's Company, Mass. Continental 
Line ; and again, in the summer of 1781, he enlisted and served 
6 months as a private in Capt. David McGregor's Company, 
Col. George Reid's Regiment, N. H. Continental Line, and was 
placed on the pension roll in 1832." (W. H. Grant, Esq., in 
The Minnesota Sons of the American Revolution, p. 219.) 

42. Chamberlain, Jonathan. (For family history see Gene- 
alogy.) Jonathan Chamberlain appears to have been the first of 
that race in Lyndeborough. He was the son of Capt. Samuel 
and Abigail (Hill) Chamberlain of Chelmsford, Mass. 

May 12, 1737, his father deeded him lots Nos. 5 and 12 in 
Tyng's Town, now Pembroke, N. H., which he sold in 1739, 
and removed to Salem-Canada, now Lyndeborough. He mar- 


ried Elizabeth, the daughter of John and Sarah (Holt) Cram of 
Wilmington, Mass., who were the first settlers in Salem-Canada. 
Jonathan Chamberlain was born Feb. ii, 171 1. He was con- 
sequently 64 years old when the Revolutionary War commenced. 
He hired Mr. John Savage to serve for him in 1776 ; and on the 
alarm given July i, 1777, both he and his son of the same name 
marched as minutemen under Capt. Peter Clark for the defense 
of Fort Ti. Thus, at the age of 66, he did personal service, 
having marched 86 miles. He died Jan. 19, 1795, aged 84 
years. His grave is under the shadowing pines of the south 
cemetery. The farm on which he lived is now owned and oc- 
cupied by his great-grandson, Mr. Rufus Chamberlain. It was 
deeded to Jonathan in 1768, by the heirs of his brother-in-law, 
Joseph Cram, the conditions requiring that he should care for 
him and give him Christian burial. 

43. Chamberlain, Jonathan, Jr. Jonathan Chamberlain, Jr., 
was the son of the preceding Jonathan. He was born in Chelms- 
ford, Mass., Feb. 26, 1744. He married his cousin, Margaret, 
the daughter of his mother's youngest brother, Benjamin Cram. 
His farm was west of Capt. William Blaney's and south of his 
father-in-law's, the place now owned (Apr., 1905) by Mr. Frank 

Jonathan, Jr., was a Revolutionary hero, and marched with 
his father in the Co. of Capt. Clark on the A., July i, 1777. He 
reenlisted under Capt. Clark, in September, 1777, and was in 
the fight at S., which resulted in the capture of Burgoyne. He 
also paid for one month's service of a man in the Continental 
Army. He died in Lyndeborough, Apr. 26, 1815, aged 71 
years, and was buried in the south cemetery. 

44. Chamberlain, Samuel. Samuel Chamberlain was a 
brother of Jonathan, Jr., and also a Revolutionary soldier. He 
enlisted Dec. 7, 1776, in Capt. William Walker's Co., and 
served three months and eleven days at Fishkill, N. Y. He 
was transferred to Capt. Samuel McConnell's Co., Col. David 
Oilman's Regt., for that service, and marched 600 miles. He 
also served in Capt. John Haven's Co., " Enlisted for the pur- 
pose of guarding prisoners from the State of New Hampshire to 
New Port in Rhode Island." His time of service on this duty 
was but 12 days. He died in Lyndeborough in 1812 or 1813. 

45. Clark, Capt. Peter. See sketch elsewhere. 

46. Cram, Benjamin, Jr. Benjamin Cram. Jr., served in the 
Revolutionary War in Capt. Peter Clark's Co., Col. Stickney's 
Regt., and Stark's brigade. He was in the battle of Benning- 
ton and served in that expedition two months and six days. 

47. Cram, Daniel. Daniel Cram was in Capt. Levi Spauld- 
ing's Co. and at the battle of B. H. He is reported as a de- 
serter, but the report is believed to be incorrect and lacks con- 
sistency with his active soldierly record. The same volume 


which makes the report shows clearly that he served in 1776 and 
1777. Our town records credit him with five months' ser\nce at 
W. H. in the seige of Boston, 1775 and 1776, and also with ser- 
vice in N. Y. state at Fishkill, from Dec, 1776, to Mar., 1777. 
He marched with Capt. Peter Clark on the A. for Ti, He also 
went with Capt, Clark on the S., and assisted in the capture 
of Gen. Burgojme. He also went with Capt. William Lee on 
the R. I. expedition in 1778; and further, paid for a month's 
service of a man to go to W. P. with Capt. Jonas Kidder in 
1780. This record should seem to nullify the charge of deser- 

48. Cram, David. David Cram does not seem to have done 
personal service in the Revolutionary army. But he hired 
Hezekiah Dunklee to serve for him at B., under Capt. Peter 
Clark. He also paid for one month's service of William Burn- 
ham, who enlisted for a year in the Continental Army, and 
whose bounty was furnished by several citizens. He also paid 
one month's bounty for a man to go to W. P. in 1780 in Capt. 
Jonas Kidder's Co. His home was on the fine hillside on which 
now stands that of his grandson, Mr. Luther Cram. 

49. Cram, Jacob. Jacob Cram was a brother of David, and 
appears to have done no personal army service. He, however, 
hired Thomas Pringle to go with Capt. Peter Clark's Co. to B. 
He also hired Jesse Lund to go to R. I. with Capt. William Lee. 
He also paid for a month's service of a man in the Continental 
Army. He lived in the southeast part of the town, where Mr. 
Melendy now lives. 

50. Cram, Capt. Jonathan. Jonathan Cram was the father of 
David and Jacob. He was born in Hampton Falls, N. H., 
Feb. 21, 1708, and died at Lyndeborough Jan. 23, 1790. He 
had served in the French and Indian wars and was a captain in 
the militia, and generally was called Capt. Cram. When the 
Revolutionary War began he was 67 years of age. Though 
disqualified by age for efiective army service, he hired Mr. 
Asahel Stiles to serve for him. Mr. Stiles went on the C. cam- 
paign, and served at Ti. in 1776, continuing his service 4 months 
and 10 daj^s in all, one-third of which was paid for by Capt. 
Cram. " In conjunction with other patriotic^ exempts, in July, 
1777," wrote W. H. Grant, Esq., " he hired William Burnham 
to serve one 5'ear in the Continental Army." (Minn. Soc. of 
S. A. R., p. 298.) His home was on what is now known as the 
John A. Putnam place. 

51. Cram, Nathan Nathan Cram enlisted for three months 
togo to "clear oat the road to St. John's," Canada. He was taken 
sick and came home, but appears to have resumed and per- 
formed the service, judging from the town pay roll. There 
seems no evidence of his rendering any other sersnce. 

52. Cram, Solomon. Solomon Cram was a son of Capt. 


Jonathan above mentioned. He joined with his father in hiring 
Mr. Asahel Stiles, and paid one-third of the bounty. He was 
not, himself, in the army, but he paid for one month's bounty 
of John Purple, who served a year in the Continental Army for 
Lyndeborough. His home was on the place owned by the late 
Mr. George Rose. 

53. Cram, Uriah. Uriah Cram was also a .son of Capt. 
Jonathan, and lived near his father, on the well-known road 
leading from the eastern part of the town to the south cemetery, 
and on westward by Dea. Ephraim Putnam's. He was a min- 
uteman, and also one of three, who in 1778 hired Jacob Button 
to serve six months in R. I., and again paid one-sixth of a 
man's bounty for enlisting six months in the Continental Army. 
His house is said to have been so built that it was used as an 
armory or drill room for the minutemen. It was a two-story 
house, and the drill was practised in the upper story, which had 
partitions that could be removed at pleasure, making the upper 
part all into a single room or hall. 

54. Creasy, Andrew. The name of Andrew Creasy ap- 
pears in so many different forms even when written by scholars, 
that I am unable to decide which is the most approved spelling. 
Andrew Creasy was a private in Col. Daniel Moore's Regt. in 
1776, and was one of a detachment mustered out of his com- 
mand to march to N. Y. agreeable to a requisition made the 
19th of Dec, 1776. He was afterwards in Capt. McConnell's Co., 
in Col. David Oilman's Regt., with which he served 3 months 
and II days, and traveled 600 miles. He was evidently in the 
battles of Trenton and Princeton. 

I count it not amiss here to cite the words of Gen. Sullivan's 
letter to Hon. Meshech Weare, dated Chatham, Feb. 13, 1777. 
He wrote : 

"General Washington made no scruple to say publicly, the 
remains of the Eastern Regiments were the strength of his 
armj^ though then their numbers were comparatively speaking 
but small ; he calls them in front when the Enemy are there ; 
he sends them to the rear when the Enemy threatens that way ; 
all the general officers allow them to be the best Troops. The 
Southern officers and soldiers allow it in times of danger, but 
not all other times. Believe me, Sir, the Yankees took Tren- 
town before the other Troops knew anything of the matter 
more than that there was an engagement, and what will still 
surprise you more, the line that attacked the town consisted of 
eight hundred Yankees and there was 1600 Hessians to oppose 
them. At Princeton, when the 17th Regiment had thrown 
3500 southern militia into the utmost confusion, a Regiment of 
Yankees restored the day. This General Mifflen confessed to 
me ; — though the Philadelphia papers tell us a different story. 
You may venture to assure your friends that no men fight better 
or write worse than the Yankees, of which this Letter will be 


good evidence." (Revolutionary Rolls, Vol. I, pp. 522 and 523.) 
Andrew Creasy was not only in these battles referred to in 
Gen. Sullivan's letter, but later in that year, was one of Capt. 
Peter Clark's Co. at S. as the substitute of Joshua Balch, aid- 
ing in the capture of Gen. Burgoyne. 

Mr. Creasy's farm was situated north of Mr. H. H. Joslin's, 
reaching well up toward the side of the mountain. In 1792 he 
became a citizen of Fraucestown. 


55. Day, Isaac. Isaac Day was one of the men raised for 
Canada, out of Col. Daniel Moore's Regt. He was in Capt. 
William Barron's Co., mustered July 22, 1776, and served 4 
months and 10 days. He lived In the northwest part of L,ynde- 

56. Denten, Ebenezer. Ebenezer Denten was one of the 
men who " inlisted to clear out the road to St. Johns," and since 
the list of men "that went to Coos to clear the Road to St. 
Johns " shows the same names, except that Ebenezer Denten in 
the first list is changed to " Capt. Clark's man " in the second, 
we infer that Ebenezer Denten was Capt. Clark's hired man. 
His term of enlistment was three months and a half. 

57. Dike, Benjamin. Benjamin Dike was a resident of 
Amherst, but having done military duty for Lyndeborough, is 
entitled to a place on our roll. He was hired by Isaac Kidder. 
He was ist corporal in Capt. Levi Spaulding's Co., which 
marched to the seat of war April 23, 1775- He was in the battle 
of B. H., and was also at W. H. among the besiegers of Boston. 

58. Duncklee, Hezekiah. Hezekiah Dunklee did much 
service for himself and others in the Revolutionar}' War. He 
enlisted 3 months to clear out the road to St. Johns. He next en- 
listed in Capt. ^McConnell's Co., drawn from Col. Daniel Moore's 
Regt., to march to N. Y. They served from Sept. 26 to Dec. 
I, 1776, In this campaign he seems to have been substitute 
for Francis Epps. In Capt. Peter Clark's expedition B, he was 
substitute for David Cram. In 1780 he paid one-half a month's 
bounty for a man's service in the Continental Army ; and in 
1780, the account states that " he did a fortnit " for those that 
went to the westward for three months. He seems to have 
lived near Francestown. and was in 1784 a signer of the peti- 
tion for the organization of Greenfield. 

59. Dunnell, Reuben. Reuben Dunnell served three years, 
entering the first N.H . Regt., March, 1777 ; and was discharged 
March, 1780. In the Revolutionary Rolls, Vol. I, page 600, 
the name is Reuben Donnell, Vol. 2, pp. 437 and 715, it is 
varied to Dunill and Dunnell, and in Hammond as cited above, 
it is Dunnel. But however the name may be spelled, he ser\'^ed 
for Lyndeborough with Lyndeborough comrades. He was in 


Capt. Amos Kmerson's Co., in Col. Joseph Cilley's Regt., in 
which William lyce of lyyndeborough was 2nd I^ieut. 

60. Button, Asa. Asa Button was a soldier in Capt. Mc- 
Connell's Co., raised out of Col. Baniel Moore's Regt. to march 
to N. Y., serving from Sept. 26 to Bee. i, 1776. 

61. Button, Benjamin. In Captain Peter Clark's expedition 
to B., Benjamin Button was represented by Ezra Button. The 
only record we have found of Benjamin's share in the Revolu- 
tion is that he assisted to hire a man to go to W. P., and that 
he "hired Ezra," and he proved a good substitute, as the fol- 
lowing account will show. 

62. Button, Ezra. I avail myself here of W. H. Grant, 
Esq's, assistance, who wrote : "Ezra Button lived in lyynde- 
borough, and died there in 1793. He was a minute-man and 
one of Capt. Spaulding's Co. ; was in the battle of B. H., and 
continued through the siege of Boston, and was discharged in 
March, 1776. He was also a private in Capt. McConnell's Co., 
raised in Sept., 1776, to reinforce the Continental Army, near 
New York. He served four months, and was in the battle of 
White Plains. He was also corporal in Capt. Peter Clark's 
Co., which fought at Bennington. He marched to Saratoga 
and aided in the capture of Burgoyne. He was also with 
Capt. William Lee in the Rhode Island campaign 'under Gen. 
Sullivan and fought in the battle of Rhode Island, 1778." 

63. Button, Jacob. Jacob Button was one of Capt. Spauld- 
ing's Co. at B. H., and also at the W. H. camp. He was a fifer. 
He was also with Capt. Peter Clark in the B. campaign. He 
was also a fifer in Capt. Samuel Bearborn's Co., Col. Stephen 
Peabody's Regt. for Continential service at R. I. He was there 
six months and 12 days, half of the time as a substitute for 
Eleazar Woodward, and the other half for Moses Stiles Jr. and 
Uriah Cram. He was a fifer in Capt. Jonas Kidder's Co. of 
Col. Nichols' Regt., at W. P. He was in Capt. Spaulding's 
march to Canada, and back to Trenton and Princeton. 


64. Ellinwood, Benjamin. Benjamin Ellinwood was proba- 
bly the man called Benjamin Tuck Ellinwood on our town roll. 
He was one of Capt. Peter Clark's men on the B. campaign, 
and was substitute for Bavid Stratton. He seems to have lived 
in the eastern part of the town. 

65. Ellinwood, Joseph. Joseph Ellinwood was fourth ser- 
geant in Capt. Peter Clark's Co. in the S. campaign, in which 
Gen. Burgoyne was captured. He assisted in hiring William 
Burnham to serve a year in the Continental Army ; and also in 
hiring William Lee to go to Coos in 1782. Joseph Ellinwood 
and Joseph Ellinwood Jr. were residents of the northwest part 
of the town, and petitioners for a division of it in 1784. 


66. Ellimvood, Joseph Jr. Joseph Ellinwood Jr. was in 
Capt. Levi Spaulding's Co. in the battle of B. H., and also at 
W. H., besieging Boston, while in the hands of the British. 
He seems to have enlisted as a substitute for Capt. John 
Stephenson. If this is correct, he served at Ti. from July 22 to 
Dec. I, 1776. In Rev. Rolls i, 359, his name is misprinted 
AUinwood, and omits the Jr. It is often difl&cult to distinguish 
between persons of the same name. Others must judge of suc- 
cess in this case. 

67. Epps, Francis. Francis Epps was selectman in Eynde- 
borough in 1775, at the breaking out of the Revolutionar>' 
War. He appears to have hired Hezekiah Duncklee as his 
substitute to go to N. Y. In 1777 he marched as quarter- 
master with Capt. Peter Clark, his brother-in-law, on the S., 
and aided in the capture of Gen. Burgoyne. In 1778, he was 
in the R. I. expedition with Capt. William Eee. 

Francis Epps was the sou of Daniel Epps Jr. Esq., the first 
clerk of the Salem-Canada proprietors, lived in northeast part 
of the town, and was an honored and influential citizen. 


68. Fletcher, Philip. Philip Fletcher was in Capt. William 
Barron's Co., raised out of Col. Daniel Moore's Regt. for Can- 
ada, and was in the Ti. campaign. He went as substitute for 
Mr. George Gould and son Daniel. He returned with Capt. 
Barron from the campaign at Ti., and later paid one month's 
bounty for a man to go to W. P. 

69. Fletcher, Simeon Jr. Simeon Fletcher, Jr. was one of 
Capt. Peter Clark's Co. on the S. expedition for the capture of 
Burgoyne. (I follow town, not the state, records.) This appears 
to be the only service credited by our town roll to Simeon 
Fletcher, Jr. 

70. Fletcher. Simeon. Simeon Fletcher was the pioneer of 
the familj' in this town, and was the father of both Philip and 
Simeon Jr. They lived in that part of the town which was at 
first province or societ)- land, which became the Eyndeborough 
Addition, and which was again taken away to aid in con- 
structing the town of Greenfield. Much of his old estate is 
still owned by Simeon's descendants of the fourth and fifth 

Our towu records state that Simeon Fletcher ' ' did one-third 
of a turn" of army service at Ti., through his sub.stitute, 
James Burnham. He was with Capt. Peter Clark on the A. 
(Rolls 2, 138 adds Jr. to the name, which seems an error). He 
was also in Capt. Jonas Kidder's Co., Col. Moses Nichols' 
Regt., raised to join the Continential Army at W. P., in 17S0. 
He is supposed to have been "on guard the night that Arnold 
attempted to surrender the fortress to the British." He also 
served one month among those who went westward for three 


months in 1781. Such is his record according to both town and 
state papers. 

71. Fuller, Andrew, Esq. Andrew Fuller was town clerk 
as well as one of L,yndeborough's selectmen in 1776. He did 
two-thirds of a turn of army service in 1776 and Jonas Kidder, 
one-third. They hired Samuel Butterfield. He did personal 
service also in Capt. William L,ee's Co. in R. I. He paid one 
month's bounty of John Purple, who was hired to serve a year 
in the Continental Army. He seems to have paid the highest 
sum on the list of those who hired substitutes. 


72. Gardner, Ebenezer. Ebenezer Gardner was a soldier in 
Capt. Samuel McConnell's Co., raised out of Col. Daniel Moore's 
Regt. in N. Y., was mustered Sept. 26 and continued in the 
service until Dec. i, 1776. Each man went for himself only, 
and was allowed 18 shillings per month bounty by the town. 

73. Gould, Daniel. Daniel Gould was a soldier in Capt. 
William I^ee's Co. of Col. Moses Kelley's Regt. in the R. I. 
expedition in 1778. He enlisted Feb. 23, 1781, for three years 
or during the war. He paid for one month's bounty of Israel 
Hutchinson who was hired for a year in the Continental Army, 
and also two months' bounty toward a man's serving six 
months in the same army. He together with his father, George, 
hired Mr. Philip F'letcher. He is reported as having returned 
from the Ti. campaign with lyieut. Barron, a fact which seems 
difficult to explain, through his substitute, Philip Fletcher, 
See number 68. 

74. Gould, George. George Gould was the father of 
Daniel. He was probably unfitted by age for personal army 
service. But he united with his son Daniel, and they per- 
formed a full turn of service through their substitute, Philip 
Fletcher. He lived nearly opposite the town hall, at the centre. 

75. Gould, Stephen. Stephen Gould lived in the northwest 
part of the town, and was one of the petitioners for its division 
in 1784, He was in Capt. William Walker's Co. of 42 men 
raised out of the 5th Regt. of N. H. militia, by an order from 
Major Gen. Folsom, to reinforce the Continental Army at N. Y. 
from Dec. 7, 1776 to March i, 1777. He reenlisted in the same 
line of service from June 28 to Dec. 19, 1780. 

76. Grushe (or Grushe), Thomas. In our town records 
Vol. II., p. 29, we find, " Voted to give 100 Dollars as a bounty 
or reward, to each of the sixteen men that shall enlist from 
this town, except Joseph Willson and Thomas Grush, who have 
received a hire from particular men." Thomas Grush was in 
Capt. Amos lunerson's Co., in Col. Joseph Cilley's Regt., raised 
by the State of N. H. for the Continental service, Feb., 1777. 



77. Hadley, Joshua. Joshua Hadley seems to have done no 
personal service in the army. But he hired a substitute for the 
Ti. campaign under Capt. William Barron, paying ^6, 13s., 4d. 
He further paid one month's bounty to hire John Purple for a 
year in the Continental Army, and one and a half month's 
bounty for a man to go to W. P., July 4, 1780. 

78. Hale, Israel. Israel Hale was born in Beverley, Mass., 
and at the time of his enlistment in the Continental Army, Feb. 
26, 1781, was 16 years, 5 months old. He was a resident of 
Lyudeborough and enlisted for three years, or until the close of 
the war. He was in Col. Joseph Cilley's Regt., second Co., 
and was discharged in Oct., 1781, when the war practically 
ended with the surrender of Cornwallis at Yorktown. 

79. Hamblet, Hezekiah. Hezekiah Hamlet (as formerly 
spelled, Hamblet,) was one of Capt. William Barron's Co. in 
the expedition to Ti. in 1776. He served as substitute for both 
David and Robert Badger. He was also one of Capt. Peter 
Clark's Co. on the S. 

80. Herrick, Daniel. Daniel Herrick was in Capt. Peter 
Clark's Co. at B. Time in service, 2 mos., 6 dys. He also 
joined with five others in hiring a man for 6 months in the Con- 
tinental Army. He lived in what is now Greenfield, and was 
one of the petitioners for the new town, 

81. Herrick, Joseph. Joseph Herrick was one of the select- 
men of Lyudeborough in 1776. He is named among those who 
returned with Lieut. Barron from the Ti. expedition. He was 
one of the committee of safety for 1777, and was one of a com- 
mittee of five men chosen to average and appraise the services 
done for the town by each of its citizens in the war, from the 
19th day of April, 1775, to May 6, 1777. He was in Capt. 
Clark's Co. on the expedition to B. and also on the S. In the 
latter he was Q. M. Sergt. In 1778 he was in the R. I. expedi- 
tion ; and in 1780 he paid a month's bounty for a man in the 
Continental service. He belonged in that part of the town set 
off to form the new town of Greenfield, and was a petitioner for 
the same. 

82. William HoUey. We cannot give his record, but in 
1840 he was a pensioner living in Greenfield. He lived for 
many years on what in early times was known as Woodward 
Hill, on the old stage road between Temple, Peterborough, 
and Greenfield, a road which passes over the hill north of 
the Dolliver place. 

83. Holt, Oliver. Oliver Holt enlisted Sept. 17, 1781, in 
Capt. William Boyes' Co. of Col. Daniel Reynold's Regt., of 
N. H. militia. He received provision and supplies from the 
selectmen of the town sufficient to last him to Springfield. His 


term of service was short, for the war closed with the surrender 
of Cornwallis, Oct. 19, a little more than a month after his en- 

84. Holt, William. William Holt was in Capt. Peter Clark's 
Co. on the A., and was also with the same Capt. on the memor- 
able expedition to B., in which a large detachment of the Brit- 
ish Army was signally defeated. He paid a month's bounty 
towards John Purple's service for a year in the Continental 
Army, and " did two months " towards service to the westward 
in 1781. 

85. Holt, William, Jr. William Holt, Jr., gave one month's 
service to hire William I,ee to go to Coos, July 12, 1782. There 
was danger of an invasion of our frontiers from Canada at this 
time, and two companies of able-bodied and effective men were 
raised as rangers for the defense of our borders. In this service 
William Lee, who had previously served as Capt., enlisted as a 
private, and William Holt, Jr., contributed towards his bounty, 
or hire. 

86. Houston, Samuel. Samuel Houston was one of three 
men, all prominent in our town, who hired James Burnham as 
their substitute in Capt. William Barron's Co. in the Ti. campaign. 
His name appears first on our Revolutionary Rolls, Vol. II, p. 
loi, in Capt. Robbe's Co., Col. Enoch Hale's Regt., of N. H. 
troops. In Capt. Peter Clark's Co. on the A., he was Lieut., 
and always after that was called L,ieut. Houston. In Capt. 
Jonas Kidder's Co., destined for W. P., he was sergeant, and 
the same year, 1780, he paid a month's bounty for a man to go 
to W. P. He lived north of the mountain, near the Frances- 
town line. 

87. Howard, Silas. Silas Howard came from Massachu- 
setts where he had been in the army of the revolution. He 
continued a citizen of Lyndeborough to the close of his life. 
His descendants remained in this town till the fourth genera- 
tion, and were then annexed to Milford. His son Samuel was 
one of our soldiers in the war of 181 2, and was one of ten chil- 
dren. (See Genealogy.) 

88. Hutchinson, Israel. Israel Hutchinson enlisted in the 
Continental Army for a year, and received a bounty of £60 for 
his sevices. The money was raised by subscription, three men 
pa3ang each i month's bounty, three others paying 2 months' 
bounty each, and one paying 3 months' bounty. Some who did 
no personal army duty took real, active interest in the war. 

89. Hutchinson, James. James Hutchinson was 2nd ser- 
geant in Capt. Levi Spaulding's Co., which served from Apr. 
23 to Aug. I, 1775. He served 5 months and 18 da5^s in the 

•Oliver Holt, Knoch Ordway, James Hutchinson and Simeon Fletcher were in the 
same company and marched to Fort Edward, which had surrendered the day before 
their arrival. They were not needed there and so returned. 


Continental service. Sept. 17, 1 781, he enlisted for three years, 
and a little more than a month later he was discharged, at the 
close of the war. 

90. Hutchinson, John. John Hutchinson was one of Capt. 
Levi Spaulding's Co. in the W. H. campaign. He was, also, 
with Capt. Peter Clark on the A., but hired Nehemiah Hutch- 
inson on the B., under the same Capt. He seems, also, to have 
performed some service for Benjamin Jones. 

91. Hutchinson, Nehemiah. Nehemiah Hutchinson saw 
considerable service in the Revolutionary War. He was a pri- 
vate in the Co. of Capt. Levi Spaulding, and appears to have 
served with him at B. H. and W. H. He went with him to 
Canada and back to Trenton, &c. He went with Capt. Peter 
Clark on the A., and also on the B., in which he was hired by 
John Hutchinson, and held the office of ist sergeant. 

92. Hutchinson, Samuel. Samuel Hutchinson was corporal 
in Capt. Levi Spaulding's Co. at B. H. He was hired by Amos 
Wilkins, and served in Capt. Peter Clark's Co. at B. He was 
in Capt. William Lee's Co. in R. I. in 1778. He paid a month's 
bounty for Isaac Carkin's service, who enlisted for a year in the 
Continental Army ; and in Sept., 1779, he hired Stephen Rich- 
ardson to serve two months at Portsmouth. 


93. Johnson, Adam. Adam Johnson was in Capt. William 
Lee's Co., Col. Moses Kelley's Regt., in the expedition to R. I. 
in 1778, serving as quartermaster sergeant. He paid two 
months' bounty for Israel Hutchinson's year's service in the 
Continental Army, and one month's bounty to hire a man to go 
to W. P., N. Y., in 17S0. In 1782, he was Lieut, in Capt. 
Jonathan Smith's Co. of rangers for the defense of our western 

94. Johnson, Adam, Jr. Adam Johnson, Jr. was one of 
Capt. William Barron's Co. in the Ti. campaign, though his 
name seems omitted from the printed rolls. He enlisted for the 
W. H. campaign in the siege of Boston, 1776, and went from 
there to N. Y., and continued throughout the campaign. He 
paid one month's bounty toward Israel Hutchinson's year in the 
Continental Army. 

95. Johnson, James. James Johnson, as we learn from our 
town records, was hired by Adam Johnson, and served some- 
where for him, as the record plainly shows. But the printed 
Revolutionary Rolls do not seem to have his name, unless he is 
the one named in Rolls, II, p. 514. 

96. Johnson, John. John Johnson was in Capt. Levi Spauld- 
ing's Co., and was in the battle of B. H. It was he who took 
up his brother-in-law, David Carlton, mortall}' wounded, and 


carried him off the field. In the winter of 1776 he went from 
W. H. to N. Y., and remained throughout that campaign. 
There seems no further record of him. He doubtless fell as a 
victim of the war. His widow, Abigail (Carlton) Johnson, be- 
came the wife of Ensign David Putnam. 


97. John Kidder in 1776 paid for a man's service in the Ti. 
campaign. " He hired Mr. John Rowe." He paid a month's 
bounty for Isaac Carkin in 1777. He afterwards enlisted in 
Col. Moses Kelley's Regt., and was in Capt. William Lee's Co. 
in the R. I. expedition in 1778. He was also a member of the 
same Regt. when engaged in the defense of Portsmouth in 1779. 
He also paid two months' bounty for a man to go to W. P. in 
1780. A portion of the land owned by him remains still the 
property of some of his descendants of the fifth generation, 
Elizabeth Rebecca (Mrs. Ethan A. Woodward) Kidder, and 
Miss Harriet Moore. 

Elizabeth Rebecca (Kidder) Woodward died July 20, 1904. 

98. Kidder, John, Jr. Our records credit John Kidder, Jr., 
with a share in the R. I. expedition in 1778. He was one of the 
seven men w^hose estates were severed from Lyndeborough 
and annexed to Temple in 1796. 

99. Kidder, Jonas. Jonas Kidder and Andrew Fuller, Esq., 
united in hiring Samuel Butterfield to enter the Ti. campaign 
in the Co. of Capt. William Barron in 1776. 

In 1777 he paid one month's bounty to hire John Purple to 
enter the Continental Army for one year. In 1778 he served as 
a private in the Co. of Capt. William Lee in the R. I. expedi- 
tion. In 1779 he served two months at Portsmouth as Lieut. 
In 1780 he was commissioned as Capt. in Col. Moses Nichols' 
Regt., and served at W. P.^ The same year he paid the bounty 
of a three months' man to serve at W. P. At that time the 
British had special mov^ements on foot to try to capture that forti- 
fication, and special efforts were made to reinforce and strengthen 
it. In his duties at that place Jonas Kidder, it is said, was en- 
trusted with guarding Major Andre the night before his death. 
The list of his Co. and their residences is given in the Revolu- 
tionary Rolls, Vol. Ill, pp. 161, 162, and they were in Camp 
Highlands Sept. 27, 1780. 

In 1781 he was serving the town as one of its selectmen, asso- 
ciate of Ephraim Putnam. That same year a petition, very in- 
teresting, for the light it sheds on our financial condition, was 
sent to the General Court of the State of N. H., assembled at 
Exeter, Jan. 5. The petition bears the names of Abel Stevens 
of New Grantham, William Barron of Merrimack, Jonas Kidder 
of Lyndeborough and Peter Page of Charlestown, all captains 
in the regiment lately commanded by Col. Moses Nichols. 

" Humbly Shews, That they have received Warrants upon 


the Treasurer for their respective wages, and for the wages of 
the men under their Command during the time they were em- 
ployed in the service of the said State. They have presented 
some of the warrants to the Treasurer for payment, and he in- 
forms them that there is no money in the Treasury, and that 'tis 
out of his power to pay them. They further beg leave to show 
their honors they have been for several days past, and now are 
in the Town of Exeter on expense waiting for their pay. 

" That they are not possessed of money sufficient to pay their 
expences in said Town of Exeter, or to bear their expences to 
their several homes. 

" That they and the men belonging to their several Companies 
have depended upon receiving their wages to pay their taxes; that 
they did not, as has been usual heretofore, receive any advance 
wages ; that they were obliged to advance considerable sums of 
money in order to defray their expences in travelling to and 
from Camp ; that they were employed in the service of said 
State at a time of the year when 'twas most inconvenient for 
them to leave their several homes. Your Petitioners wish not 
to be troublesome to your Honors — they wish 'twas in their 
power to pay their expences in said Town of Exeter, bear their 
expences home, and pay their taxes after their return, but they 
are sorry to say that 'tis not. 

' ' They therefore pray that your honors would point out some 
way to enable the said Treasurer to pay them respectively the 
sums mentioned in their respective Warrants (or at least some 
part of the sums aforesaid) that they may be enabled to pay 
their taxes, defray their expences in said Town of Exeter, bear 
their expences to their homes, and pay the men which were 
under their Command some part of the wages due to them ; and 
as in duty bound shall ever pray, &c." 

Jonas Kidder Abel Stevens 
Peter Page William Barron 

Jonas Kidder held various offices of trust in Lyndeborough after 
the close of the Revolutionary War. He spent his last days in the 
home of his daughter, in his native town of Hudson, having 
nearly completed his 94th year. On his headstone is the inscrip- 
tion : — 

" In memory of Capt. Jonas Kidder 

who died Nov. ist, 1837, aged 94 

Formerly of Linesborough." 

100. Killam, Benjamin. Benjamin Killam, at the time a 
citizen of Ivyndeborough, is named as one of the men who 
marched from Temple to Cambridge on the 19th of April, 1775. 
He paid two months' bounty for John Purple's year of service 
in the Continental Army. In 1796, he, with six others, were 
severed from Ivyndeborough and annexed to Temple. 

loi. Kittridge, Joshua. Joshua Kittredge enlisted in the 
Continental Army July i, 1780, and was discharged Dec. 6, 


1780. He was 19 years of age at the time of his enlistment, and 
was enrolled from Lyndeborough. His name stands on our 
town records for the year 1781. 


102. Lee, Capt. William. William Lee was sergeant in 
Capt. Levi Spaulding's Co., and was at the battle of B. H., and 
also for a time at W. H., besieging the British in Boston. He 
went from W. H. to Canada in 1776 as ensign under Capt. 
Spaulding, returned and with him shared in the battles of Tren- 
ton and Princeton in Dec, 1776. In 1778 he was Capt. in the 
expedition for the defense of R. I. In July, 1782, he enlisted 
as a private in Capt. Jonathan Smith's Co. of rangers for the 
defense of our western frontiers. (See sketch elsewhere.) 

103. Lewis, Aaron. In 1776 Aaron Lewis joined with Mr. 
Nathan Parsons in hiring Mr. John Reynolds to do half a turn of 
army service for them ; and he did half a turn for himself, thus fill- 
ing out a whole turn of service for the defense of Ti. In July, 
1777, he was first sergeant in Capt. Peter Clarke's Co., which 
marched on the A. The next year, 1778, he served as a private 
in Capt. William Lee's Co. in the R. I. expedition. He also 
paid one month's bounty for a man to serve three months at 
W. P. in 1780. 

104. Lund, Jesse. Jesse Lund appears to have been a na- 
tive of Dunstable. But the greater part of his army service was 
performed for Lyndeborough. He enlisted in Capt. Levi 
Spaulding's Co, of Col. James Reed's Regt., and had a part in 
the battle of B. H., and was reported as among the mortally 
wounded. He recovered, however, and rendered further ser- 
vice. He fought under Capt. Peter Clark at B., as the substi- 
tute of Benjamin Osgood. He also served for Jacob Cram, in 
Capt. William Lee's Co., in the expedition to R. I. in 1778. 

105. Lund, Willard. Willard Lund was probably a brother of 
Jesse. He served in the Co. of Capt. Jonas Kidder at W. P. 
They assisted in holding the fort at the time of Arnold's treason, 
and were entrusted by General Washington with the most im- 
portant soldierly services at that critical time. 


106. Manuel, Amos. Amos Manuel was a soldier in Capt. 
Jonas Kidder's Co. of Col. Nichols' Regt., in duty at W. P., 

107. Manuel, Joel. Joel Manuel paid one month's bounty for 
a man to go toW. P. for three months in 1780. 

108. McAdams. Four persons of this name, presumbably a 
father and three sons, together with Benjamin Burroughs, con- 
tributed the bounty of a six months' man for the Continental 
Army in the year 1780. Their voluntary contributions to the 


patriot cause entitle their names to a place on our roll. The 
names are William McAdams, Robert McAdams, Hugh Mc- 
Adams, William McAdams. The names of Robert and Wil- 
liam McAdams, Jr., appear on our lists of town officers for the 
years 1779 and 1785. 

109. Mclntire, Andrew. The name of Andrew Mclntire is 
found in our Revolutionary Rolls, Vol. I, pp. 469, 602. He en- 
listed in Capt. Morrill's Co. of Col. John Stark's Regt., Feb. 20, 
1777. He doubtless saw active service, though what we cannot 
distinctly state. 

no. Mclntire, John. He also was in the ist Regt., in Capt. 
Morrill's Co., under Col. Stark. Hammond's Town Papers, 
Vol. XII, p. 522, states that John Mclntire entered the ist 
Regt. Mar. 8, 1777, and was discharged Mar. 20, 1780. He 
therefore served more than three years. 

111. Mclntire, Timothy. Timothy Mclntire was a soldier 
in Capt. Ivcvi Spaulding's Co., Col. James Reed's Regt., and 
was in the battle of B. H. He was credited to Duxbury School 
Farm. But his name appears among our town officers for the 
year 1776, and therefore we doubt the correctness of that credit. 

112. McMaster, Samuel. Samuel McMaster was also a sol- 
dier in Capt. Levi Spaulding's Co., and in the battle of B. H. 
His name is among those of our town officers for the years 1779 
and 1780. 

113. Mead, John. John Mead hired Josiah Blanchard, who 
marched with Capt. Peter Clark, and was in the battle of B., 
and served two months. He also paid one-half month's bounty 
for a man to go three months to reinforce W. P., but find no 
record of his personal military service. 

114. Mellen, John. John Mellen was a resident of Frances- 
town, who served in the Continental Army for Lj'ndeborough. 
He was chosen out of Col. Moses Kelley's Regt. to fill up the 
New Hampshire battalions raised to reinforce the Continental 
Army, and also to aid in the defense of R. I. He was mustered 
into the army July 20, 1779, to serve six months. William 
Blaney, Moses Lewis and John Woodward each paid two months' 
bounty to hire him. 


115. Ordway, Enoch. Enoch Ordway enlisted in Capt. 
William Boyes' Co., Col. Daniel Reynold's Regt., Sept. 17, 
1 78 1. He and three others, Oliver Holt, Simeon Fletcher and 
James Hutchinson, were in the same Co., and marched to Fort 
Edward, N. Y. But the fort surrendered the day before they 
reached there, and as their service was not needed, they returned 
east. Enoch Ordwaj'- enlisted for six weeks in 1780, to go to 
Coos for the defense of our frontiers. 

116. Ordway, John. John Ordway seems to have done no 


personal army service, but assisted liberally to support those 
who did. He united with Isaac Day in performing a full turn 
of service in the Ti. campaign, under Capt. William Barron in 
1776. Isaac Day was his substitute. He paid a month's bounty 
to hire John Purple for a year in the Continental Army. He 
also paid a month's bounty for a man to go to W. P. three 
montlas in 1780, and paid two months' bounty for William Lee 
to go to Coos in 1782. 

117. Ordway, Moses. Moses Ordway enlisted Feb. 21, 1781, 
for three years, or during the war. He was in Capt. Isaac Far- 
well's Co., in the ist N. H. Regt. 

118. Osgood, Benjamin. Benjamin Osgood hired Jesse 
Lund as substitute in the Co. of Capt. Peter Clark in the B. 
campaign. He also paid half a month's bounty towards those 
who went to the westward for three months in 1781. 

119. Parsons, George. George Parsons was in Capt. Peter 
Clark's Co. on the B. campaign, sharing in one of the impor- 
tant successes of the Revolutionary War. George Parsons lived 
in the northwest part of the town. 

120. Parsons, Jonathan, Jr. Jonathan Parsons, Jr. paid one 
month's bounty for a six months' man in the Continental Army. 
See Hammond XII, p. 606. 

121. Parsons or Pearson, Nathan. Nathan Pearson and 
Aaron Lewis did one-fourth of a turn of service each, through 
Mr. John Reynolds their substitute in 1776. He was in the R. 
I. expedition with Capt. William Lee in 1778. He also paid 
one month's bounty for a three months' man to go to W. P. in 
1780. In 1776, he was one of the selectmen. 

122. Pearson, Thomas. Thomas Pearson was in Capt. Peter 
Clark's Co. on the A. He hired Edward Bevins to march with 
Capt. Clark on the S. campaign for the capture of Burgoyne. 
He also paid a month's bounty to secure a six months' man for 
the Continental Army. 

123. Pearson, Timothy. Timothy Pearson was in Capt. 
Clark's Co. on the A. He also served under the same Capt. 
on the S. expedition for the capture of Gen. Burgoyne. He 
was in Capt. William Lee's Co. in the R. I. expedition in 1778. 

The most of the Pearsons lived in the southeast corner of 
Lyndeborough and adjacent parts of other towns. They peti- 
tioned the Legislature in 1779 that they might be joined with a 
part of Amherst, Duxbury School Farm and the Mile Slip, and 
be chartered as a separate town. But all the towns seemed 
opposed to this, and the movement failed. That part of the 
town of Lyndeborough was called " Parsonses Corner." 

124. Perham, Oliver. The Massachusetts records of soldiers 


and sailors in the Revolutionary War, p. 140, state that he en- 
listed from Chelmsford, as a private in Lieut. John Flint's Co. 
of Col. Thomas Poor's Regt., and served eight months and 
fourteen days at and about White Plains, including twelve days' 
travel home, 240 miles. He was also at West Point, 1780, 
marching from home June 30, 1780, and discharged Dec. 19, 

" Soon after the close of the war, he settled in the southeast 
part of Lyndeborough. He had seven sons and one daughter." 
(See Genealogy.) 

125. Phelps, Nathaniel, Ensign. Nathaniel Phelps was one 
of the selectmen in 1776, and w'as a prominent man in the 
town. He and Jeremiah Carlton united in paying Isaac Car- 
kin for performing servdce under Capt. William Barron on the 
Ti. campaign. He bore two-thirds and Mr. Carleton one-third 
of the expense. He paid two months' bounty to hire Israel 
Hutchinson to enter the Continental Army for a j^ear. He 
paid two months' bounty for a man to go to W. P. three months. 
He is constantly called Ensign Phelps in our town records. 

126. Pringle, Thomas. Thomas Pringle was in Capt. Peter 
Clark's Co. on the B. expedition. He served at that memor- 
able occasion as substitute for Jacob Cram. He lived in that 
part of the town which was afterwards annexed to Greenfield. 

127. Punchard, Benjamin. Benjamin Punchard was one of 
Lyndeborough's hay wards in 1776. He paid two months' 
bounty towards hiring Mr. William Burnham for a year's ser- 
vice in the Continental Army in 1779. He paid one month's 
bounty for a man to go three months to W. P., N. Y., in 1780. 

128. Punchard, James. James Punchard hired John Skerry 
to go with Capt. Peter Clark on the S. campaign. He paid 
one month's bounty tow^ard Israel Hutchinson's service for one 
year in the Continental Army in 1777. He also paid one 
month's bounty for a man to go three months to W. P. in 1780. 

129. Punchard, John. John Punchard was a drummer in 
Capt. Jonas Kidder's Co. at W. P. 

130. Punchard, Samuel. Samuel Punchard was in Capt. 
Peter Clark's Co. on the S. expedition, Sept., 1777. The same 
year he paid one month's bounty towards Isaac Carkin's year 
in the Continental Arm3^ Feb. 21, 1781, he enlisted in the 
Continental Army for three years. 

131. Punchard, William. William Punchard paid one-half 
month's bounty for a man to serve six months in the Conti- 
nental Army. 

The Punchard family, evidently influential, must have lived 
near Francestown, whose historian, we think, incorrectly claims 
Samuel for his town. He is enrolled as one of our town offi- 
cers in 1782, and enlisted as above in 1781. Wm. and John 
may have been the younger sons at the time of the war. 


132. Purple, John. John Purple was a resident of Amherst 
who served for Lyndeborough, and received a bounty of sixty 
pounds sterling for service in 1779. His bounty was raised by 
subscription, eleven of our citizens having shared in pro- 
viding it. 

133. Putnam, Aaron. Aaron Putnam was one of five men 
who enlisted in Dec, 1776, and continued their service till the 
first of March, 1777. He ser\^ed three months and eleven days, 
in Capt. McConnell's Co., Col. David Oilman's Regt., and 
marched 600 miles. They went to Fishkill, N. Y. He also 
marched under Capt. Peter Clark on the A., and served wuth 
Capt. William Lee in R. I., in 1778. 

134. Putnam, Ensign David. One of our records gives his 
name as one of Capt. Levi Spaulding's Co. at the siege of 
Boston on W. H. Have found no corroboration of this state- 
ment. But the name of David Putnam stands foremost on the 
list of those who went "to clear out the road to St. Johns." 
He was in Capt. Peter Clark's Co. on the S. campaign, and as- 
sisted in dealing the enemy one of the severest blows of the 
war, resulting in the capture of Gen. Burgoyne. 

135. Putnam, Ephraim. Ephraim Putnam and son Eph- 
raim, Jr., united in hiring Mr. Nathaniel Batchelder to enlist in 
the Ti. campaign under Capt. William Barron, in July, 1776. 
Ephraim Putnam was deacon of the Congregational Church, as 
was also his son Ephraim. He paid a month's bounty toward 
hiring John Purple to enlist for a year in the Continental Army, 
and also a month's bounty to get a man to go to W. P. in 1780. 
When preparing for the war in 1774, the town chose him as 
committee to provide its stock of ammunition which was to 
consist of " one barrel of powder, one hundred weight of lead, 
and five dozen flints." Although he did no personal military 
service, he was active in fitting out men, and served the town 
as a true patriot and promoter of the war. He died in Nov., 

136. Putnam, Ephraim, Jr. Ephraim Putnam, Jr. was a 
worthy son of a noble sire. He shared with his father in hir- 
ing Nathaniel Batchelder for the Ti. campaign, in Capt. Wil- 
liam Barron's Co. in 1776. He paid a month's bounty for a 
man to go to W. P., in 1780. He was Dea. Putnam, Jr. He 
served the town as one of its selectmen and was also like his 
father, an active supporter and promoter of the war. 

137. Putnam, Ephraim, 3rd. Ephraim Putnam, 3rd., united 
with Mr. John Bo^ee to do a turn of military service. Mr. 
Boffee did the service and Mr. Putnam paid half its value in 
money. The service was rendered in Capt. William Barron's 
Co. in the Ti. campaign. 

138. Putnam, Jesse. Jesse Putnam hired Nicholas Beasom 
for two dollars to go in his room, or place. He was one of the 


eleven men that went to N. Y. in Sept., 1776, and continued in 
the service till Dec. The town records put the name of Jesse 
Putnam in place of his substitute. 

139. Putnam, John. John Putnam was a brother of Jesse, 
and was also a deacon. In 1780 he enlisted to go to Coos for 
the defense of the frontiers ; term of service, six weeks. In 
1 78 1 he enlisted for three years or during the war, and was dis- 
charged in Dec, 1781, as no longer needed. Cornwallis had 
surrendered as well as Burgoyne. 


140. Reynolds, John. John Reynolds is introduced to us 
thus : — 

" Sergt. Aaron I,ewis did one quarter of a turn ; Mr. Nathan 
Parsons did one quarter of a turn ; they hired Mr. John Rey- 
nolds, and Reynolds did half a turn for himself." He went 
into the Ti. campaign in 1766, in Capt. William Barron's Co., 
Col. Joshua Wingate's Regt., serving four months and ten days, 
from July 22 till Dec. i, 1776. He lived in the northwest part 
of the town, and was one of the petitioners for the charter of the 
town of Greenfield. 

141. Reynolds, Nathaniel. Nathaniel Reynolds paid one 
month's bounty toward Isaac Carkin's year's service in the Con- 
tinental Army. 

142. Richards, Joseph. At a legal meeting on Jan. 12, 
1778, the town of Lyndeborough passed the following vote : — 

"Voted, To release William Carson, Benjamin Punchard, 
John Skerry and Joseph Richards from doing anything in the 
war, until others in this town have done as much as they, ac- 
cording to their estates. ' ' 

Possibly, he was the Joseph Richards who enlisted among 
the soldiers from Temple, as did others of our citizens. See 
Temple History, p. 97, and Rolls of N. H., Vol. I, p. 35. 

Richardson. It is admitted by the History of Temple that in 
1796 that town received from ours one Joseph Richardson. Two 
Joseph Richardsons are reported from that town in the Revolu- 
tionary War, but none from ours. There were several men of 
that name in the army, and, presumably, one of the men en- 
roled as citizens of Temple should have been credited to I^ynde- 
borough. Be that as it may, our roll has first : — 

143. Richardson, Stephen. Stephen Richardson enlisted in 
April, 1777, for three years, or the war. In 1779 he went to 
Portsmouth for two months as substitute for Samuel Hutchin- 
son. He was in Capt. Jonas Kidder's Co. at W. P. in 1780. 

144. Richardson, Thomas. Thomas Richardson paid two 
month's bounty for Israel Hutchinson, who served a year in the 
Continental Army and received ;i^6o for his service. Thomas 


Richardson also paid one month's bounty for a man to go to 
W. P. three months in 1780. 

145. Rose, Abraham. Abraham Rose came to us from 
Sandwich, Mass., and settled on the part of our mountain 
which was named for him, "Rose Mountain." When the 
project, then an innovation, of putting a stove into the meeting 
house to warm it was broached and under discussion he ob- 
jected strenuously to the novelty. He is reported to have 
spoken somewhat as follows: "I have attended church these 
fifty years ; I have fought the British seven years ; I have slept 
in a tent on the frozen ground with nothing but a blanket to 
cover me ; I have trod the snow path with bleeding feet, nearly 
naked, and I now need no stove to keep me warm in church, 
etc." He thus gave his own military record and none of his 
fellow-citizens seemed to doubt or dispute it. He was very 
likely at Valley Forge and endured some of the severest 
hardships of the struggle. 

At a later day he removed from his mountain home to that 
which is now owned by Willard Rose, his great grandson. 

146. Ross, Walter. Walter Ross hired Josiah Woodbury, Jr., 
to enlist in Capt. Peter Clark's Co. on the B. He was also one 
of six to hire a man to enlist for six months in the Continental 

147. Rowe, John. John Rowe was No. 33 in Capt. L,evi 
Spaulding's Co., which marched from Lyndeborough April 23, 
1775. He was in the battle of B. H. He was with Capt. Wil- 
liam Barron at Ti. as substitute for Mr. John Kidder, He was 
in the Continental Army in 1777, in Capt. Amos Emerson's Co. 
In 1780 he was a soldier in the Regt. of Col. Joseph Cilley, and 
in 1782, he enlisted in Capt. Jonathan Smith's Co. of rangers, 
raised " for the defense of the Western Frontiers." 

148. Russell, Daniel. Daniel Russell was a pensioner on 
half pay, March 20, 1780, and resided in L,yndeborough in 
1786. The R. Rolls, 3,446, gives his own statement as follows : 

State of Newhampshire ) Ivyndeborough January 22 1788 
Hillsborough J 
I do hereby Certify that I Daniel Russell Inlisted into the 
Continental Armey for the town of Rindge sometime in April 
(or not far from that time) in the year 1777, under lyt James 
Crombie and was turned into Capt Blodgets Company and Colo- 
nel Hales Regt. and was wounded Sept. 19, 1777 in the Battle 
at Stillwater Daniel Russell 

149. Russell, Jedediah. Jedediah Russell came into Lynde- 
borough from the adjoining town of Wilton, not far from the 
year 1800. He served in the Revolution in some Massachusetts 
Regt. of which his descendants at the present day have no 
trace. He bought land of a Mr. Dascomb, and lived on the 
place now occupied by Dr. Richards, in the southwest corner of 


the town. He was at one time licensed as a tavern keeper 
(1805). His son Ebenezer was one of the volunteers in 1812, 
going to Portsmouth under Lt. Timothy Putnam, and his grand- 
son, Adoniram, also served at Portsmouth under Capt. Tarbell 
in 1864. 

150. Russell, Peter. The town records tell us that " Sar- 
geant Peter Russell did a half turn, and Mr. Joshua Hadley 
half. Russell went." This was in 1776, and had special refer- 
ence to the Ti. campaign. Capt. William Barron led one hun- 
dred men from this and neighboring towns for that enterprise, 
among whom was Peter Russell. He also went six weeks to 
Coos in 1780, and also "did a fornit " toward those who went 
westward in 17 81. 


151. Sargent, Joshua. Joshua Sargent (m. Abigail I^add) 
was one of Capt. William Lee's Co. in the R. I. campaign of 
1778. He was also one of the W. P. men in 1780. 

A little incident connected with him was narrated by Mrs. 
Susanna P. Hartshorn with pleasing animation just a few weeks 
before her death. Mr. Sargent's last da^-s were spent at the 
home of his daughter, Mrs. Israel Putnam, and he was accus- 
tomed to call frequently at the house of Deacon David, Mrs. 
Hartshorn's father. He used to tell that "he was on duty as 
sentry in front of Gen. Washington's headquarters when the 
news of Major Andre's capture and Benedict Arnold's treachery 
was received. The General had just come in from one of his 
rounds of inspection, and dismounted, with birchen switch still 
in hand, when he learned of the perfidious plot. Intensely 
aroused, and absorbed in deepest thought, he began slowly to 
pace the floor to and fro, chewing little strips of both wood and 
bark from his switch. He continued thus in profound medita- 
tion, until his switch was nearly used up." 

The hour was one of gravest trial for even a heroic soul. But 
his courage and fortitude endured the test, and he was enabled 
to overcome. 

Joshua Sargent came from Methuen, Mass., and built and 
conducted a cloth mill, as it was called, once situated near the 
mill now owned by Mr. Colburn. He spent his last days in the 
home of his daughter, Ruthy, the first wife of Capt. Israel 

152. Shaw, William. William Shaw^ was a private in the 
First Regt., commanded by Col. Joseph Cilley. He enlisted in 
July, 1777, and was discharged in Feb., 1778. The town of 
lyyndeborough advanced a bounty to him of ^7, 6s, 6d. 

153. Skerry, John. John Skerry, in 1776, was one of 
Lyndeborough's hay wards or field-drivers. He seems to have 
lived in the northwest part of the town. Benjamin Punchard 
hired him for the S. campaign with Capt. Peter Clark, Sept. 29, 
1777, and he was in the service 26 days. In 1778, at a legal 


town meeting a vote was passed, " to release John Skerry " and 
three other citizens, "from doing anything in the war" until 
others should do "as much as they according to their estates." 

154. Smith, Benjamin, Benjamin Smith enlisted at Cambridge 
after Apr. 19, 1775, and he was at the battle of B. H. He was 
in Capt. Ezra Towne's Co., which marched from New Ipswich. 
In 1777 he enlisted for the war. He was in the First Regt. of 
N. H. troops, under Col. Joseph Cilley, in Capt. Amos Emer- 
son's Co., and was discharged in Dec, 1781. 

155. Smith, David. David Smith was in the First Regt. 
commanded by Col. Joseph Cilley. He enlisted on the same 
day as Benjamin, and was discharged Jan. i, 1780. David re- 
enlisted July 5, 1780, and was again discharged Dec. 14, 1780. 

156. Smith, John. John Smith was with Capt. Peter Clark 
on the B. expedition. He was also with the same captain in 
the S. campaign, both of which were successful, resulting 
grandly for the Americans, and paving the way to Yorktown. 

157. Smith, Ephraim. Ephraim Smith was a soldier in 
Capt. Levi Spaulding's Co., which marched from Lyndeborough 
April 23, 1775, and was in the battle of B. H. 

158. Smith, Euther. Euther Smith of Eyndeborough, en- 
listed Feb. 28, 1781, for three years. He was in the 2nd Co. of 
Col. Joseph Cilley's Regt. 

159. Spaulding, David. David Spaulding, born in Notting- 
ham West (now Hudson), and likely a relative of Capt. Levi 
Spaulding, 17 years of age, enlisted in Feb., 1781, for three 

160. Spaulding, Eieut. Edward. Edward Spaulding enlisted 
in Captain Jonas Kidder's Co., July 5, 1780, which went to W. 
P. He served till Oct. 23, 1780. He also paid one month's 
bounty to hire a man for three months' service at W. P. He 
re-enlisted Feb. 21, 1781, for 3 years in the Continental sennce, 
and was discharged Dec, 1781. 

161. Spaulding, Capt. Eevi. (See sketch of Capt. Eevi 
Spaulding elsewhere.) 

162. Spaulding, Eieut. Reuben. Lieut. Reuben Spaulding 
was one of Capt. Peter Clark's men, on the A., July i, 1777. 
He hired Jacob Dutton for the B. campaign, under Capt. Clark. 
He was with Captain William Lee, in the R. I. expedition in 
1778. He also paid one month's bounty for a man to serve 
three months at W. P. in 1780. Reuben Spaulding was one of 
a committee of five appointed by the town, to make an average 
of the services done in the war by the different citizens, and to 
allow each man his just due for such service. 

163. Stephenson, Capt. John. According to our town roll, 
" Capt. John Stephenson did a whole turn." He hired Joseph 


Ellinwood, Jr., paying him £\2. He also paid two months' 
bounty towards hiring Isaac Carkin to serve a year in the Con- 
tinental Army ; and further, one month's bounty for a man to 
serve three months at W. P. 

When I,yndeborough was chartered by the Provincial Govern- 
ment in 1764, (April 23), John Stephenson was appointed to 
call the first town meeting under the charter. At that meeting, 
May 15, 1764, he was chosen town clerk, and continued his ser- 
vice till March 12, 1771. Oct. 4, 1765, according to W. H. 
Grant, Esq., "John Stephenson was commissioned Capt. and 
Jacob Wellman, Ensign of the tenth company in the Sixth 
Regt. of the Militia of the Province, by Benning Wentworth, 
Esq., Captain General and Governor in Chief" of "His 
Majesty's Province of New Hampshire in New England &c." 

It is probable that John Stephenson may have been too infirm 
for effective army duty, and that his share in the war consisted 
of his contributions. 

164. Stevens, Samuel. Samuel Stevens was in the expe- 
dition for the defense of Fort Ti. in 1776, with Capt. William 
Barron. He was probably hired by Mr. Jonathan Chamberlain 
to do one-third of a turn of army service. He was a near 
neighbor of Philip Fletcher in that part of Eyndeborough 
which was set off to form Greenfield, for which town he was one 
of the original petitioners. He died in Chester, Vt., about 1806. 

165. Stiles, Asahel. Asahel Stiles was paid by Mr. Solo- 
mon Cram and Capt. Jonathan Cram for doing one-third of 
a turn of service for each of them ; and he also did one-third of 
a turn for himself. He served in the Ti. campaign in Capt. 
William Barron's Co. He lived in the northwest part of our 
town, and was one of the petitioners for the incorporation of 

166. Stiles, John. John Stiles was one of Capt. Peter 
Clark's Co. on the B. campaign in July, 1777. He lived near 
the Francestown line and was one of those whose lands were 
annexed to Francestown in 1791. He paid a month's bounty 
for a man to go six months into the Continental Army. 

167. Stiles, Joshua. Joshua Stiles comes into our record as 
having paid one month's bounty towards hiring William Burn- 
ham to serve one year in the Continental Army. He seems to 
have lived in that part of the town taken to constitute Green- 

168. Stiles, Moses, Jr. Moses Stiles, Jr. and Uriah Cram, 
his cousin, together, paid one-half of Jacob Button's bounty 
for six. months' service in R. I. in 1778. He also paid one 
month's bounty for a man to .serve six months in the Continen- 
tal Army. Moses Stiles, Jr., John, Samuel and Asahel seem to 
have been brothers, sons of Moses and Phebe (Cram) Stiles. 
See Cram Genealogy, Phebe. 


169. Stiles, Samuel. Samuel Stiles was a soldier in Capt. 
lycvi Spaulding's Co., and took part in the battle of B. H. He 
was also at W. H., besieging the British in Boston. He was 
one of eight lyyndeborough men who marched from W. H. to 
Canada, and returned and took part in the battle of Trenton, 
New Jersey. 

170. Stratton, David. David Stratton hired Benjamin Tuck 
Ellinwood as his substitute in the B. campaign, under command 
of Capt. Peter Clark. He also paid one month's bounty 
towards a man's serving six months in the Continental Army. 
He was early in town and settled first on the farm now owned 
by Mr. Andy Holt, Probably exempt from service by advanced 


171. Taylor, William. William Taylor "did one fortnit " 
towards the bounty of those who went westward three months 
in 1 781. He also did a like service towards the bounty of 
William lyce who went to Coos in 1782. 

172. Thayer, Jonathan. Jonathan Thayer lived north of 
the mountain, near Francestown. He was a blacksmith by 
trade, kept tavern in 1827, was regarded as a man of good 
ability and highly respected. He died in 1836, aged 75 years. 

173. Thompson, Andrew. Andrew Thompson was a soldier 
in Capt, Levi Spaulding's Co. at B. H. He was also in Capt. 
William Barron's Co. in the campaign for the defense of Fort 
Ti, He not only did military service for his own town, but also 
for some other not definitely named. 

174. Thompson, James. James Thompson was without 
doubt a Revolutionary soldier in 1776, But he served for some 
other town than Lyndeborough, Possibly for Amherst. Rolls 
2, 438. 

175. Thompson, John, John Thompson served under Capt, 
William Barron in the Ti. campaign of 1776, and "returned 
with" him. He also paid two months' bounty towards hiring 
Mr. William Burnham to serve a year in the Continental Army, 

176. Towne, Samuel. Samuel Towne was not in the army, 
but contributed liberally to induce others to enlist, who, perhaps, 
could render better personal service than he. He paid three 
months' bounty for Israel Hutchinson to serv^e a year in the 
Continental Army July 15, 1777. He also paid one month's 
bounty for a man to go to W, P. three months in 1780. He 
lived in the eastern part of L,yndeborough, adjoining the north- 
west part of Amherst. 


177. Wellman, Abraham. Abraham Wellman was the third 
son of Capt. Jacob Wellman, one of the early proprietors of 


Salein-Canada, as well as of Lyndeborougli. He was a native 
of Salem-Canada, and a Revolutionary soldier. He lived after 
the close of the war, and was a pensioner. He married Rebecca 
Parsons, and about 1785 removed to Belgrade, Me., and about 
1820 to Ohio. 

178. Wellman, Jacob, Jr. Capt. Jacob Wellman, Jr., volun- 
teered to serve his country in Capt. Levi Spaulding's Co.; was 
in the battle of B. H., and at first reported mortally wounded ; 
was carried off the field, and the next day carried to a hospital 
in Cambridge. When sufficiently recovered to take the journey, 
he received a furlough, and " was welcomed home by his dear 
wife and children." He was wounded in the shoulder, and 
probably disabled for army service. He died Apr. 20, 1834, 
aged 88 years. 

179. Wellman, James. James Wellman was born in Salem- 
Canada in 1747 and died in the Revolutionary Army. 

180. Wellman, John. John Wellman was a Revolutionary 
soldier. In 1776, he did service for some Wilton man, unnamed 
in our town records. Of his subsequent services we have no 

The Wellmans above named, Abraham, Jacob, Jr., James and 
John, were sons of Capt. Jacob Wellman, who served in the 
militia of our town before the Revolution. His commission, re- 
ceived from the Royal Governor, Benning Wentworth, as ensign 
bears date of Oct. 12, 1764, the same year in which our town 
was chartered. The captain's commission is thought to have 
been issued in 1765. 

181. Whittemore, Aaron. Aaron Whittemore vwas at B. 
under Capt. Peter Clark. 

182. Whittemore, Maj. Amos. Amos Whittemore was in 
Capt. McConnell's Co. in N. Y. in 1776. He was the son of 
Benjamin and Hannah (Collins) Whittemore, born, probably, 
in 1747. He settled in lyyndeborough in 1771, and married 
Molly Taylor of Amherst. 

Our records inform us that Sergt. Amos Whittemore, L,ieut. 
Samuel Houston and Simeon Fletcher did one-third of a turn 
each. They hired James Burnham. He served, also, in the 
Ti. campaign under Capt. William Barron. In N. Y. he did 
personal duty, and appears to have been in the battle of White 
Plains. He paid one month's bount)' for a man to go to W. P. 
in 1780. 

The Antrim historian relates that ' ' at one time during the 
Revolutionary War, he received orders to march the next morn- 
ing : "He was wofully short of pantaloons and knew not what 
to do. After consultation with his blessed wife Molly, about 3 
o'clock in the afternoon, he went and sheared a sheep (probabl}' 
a black one), and his wife carded, spun and wove the wool and 
made it into a pair of pantaloons, ready for the morning's march. 


Such were many of the wives of Revohitionary heroes." He 
was a citizen of Ivyndeborough throughout the Revolutionary 
War, and for ten years after its practical termination. He was 
promoted ensign, and later lieutenant, and was a major in the 

183. Whittemore, Jonathan. He was a brother of Aaron, 
and assi.sted by the paying of one month's bounty to hire Wil- 
liam Burnham for a year in the Continental Army in 1777. He 
also paid one month's bounty for a man to serve six months in 
the Continental Army ; and further, he paid one-half month's 
hire for a man to serve in the West in 1781. 

184. Whittemore, Samuel. Samuel Whittemore paid two 
months' bounty to hire John Woodbury to go to R. I. for six 
months in 1779. 

185. Wilkins, Amos. The name of Amos Wilkins does not 
appear on the printed Revolutionary Rolls. But he hired 
Samuel Hutchinson as" a substitute, who fought in Capt. Peter 
Clark's Co. at B. 

186. Wilkins, BHsha. Elisha Wilkins was a soldier in Capt. 
Levi Spaulding's Co., and took part in the battle of B. H. He 
enlisted May i, 1775, and served three months and eight days. 

187. Wilkins, Joseph, Jr. Joseph Wilkins, Jr., enlisted to 
go to New York, and passed muster Sept. 26, 1776, and con- 
tinued in the service till the first of Dec. It is stated that "each 
went for himself only." But it also stated that " Nicklus 
Beesom went in the room of Jesse Putnam, and received two 
Dollars of Putnam for the same." The eleven men who went 
at the time specified above appear to have been in the battle of 
White Plains, Joseph Wilkins being included. 

188. Willsou, Joseph. Joseph Willson enlisted in the First 
N. H. Regt. in 1776, and also at various times afterwards. In 
Feb., 1 78 1, he enlisted to remain during the war, and in conse- 
sequence of the surrender of Cornwallis, which practically 
closed the war, he was discharged in Dec, 1781. 

189. Woodbury, John. John Woodbury was one of the 
eight men that in 1776 " went from Winter Hill to Canada 
and concluded the same back to Trenton." John Clark, Ben- 
jamin Bullock and Samuel Whittemore hired John Woodbury, 
and he enlisted July 12, 1779, in one of the N. H. battalions, 
raised to reinforce the Continental Army and to aid in the de- 
fense of R. I. His term of service under the last enlistment was 
six months, and each of the men named above paid for two 
months of his time. 

190. Woodbur3\ Josiah, Jr. Josiah Woodbury, Jr., was one 
of Capt. Levi Spaulding's Co., which marched from Ivyndebor- 
ough Apr. 23, 1775, and then served one month and thirteen 
days. He also passed muster Sept. 26, 1776, in Capt. McCon- 


Hell's Co. in New York. He was, therefore, in the battle of 
White Plains. He was also in Capt. Peter Clark's Co, at B., as 
substitute for Mr. Walter Ross. 

191. Woodbury, Nathaniel. Nathaniel Woodbury was also 
one of Capt. McConnell's Co., and was in the battle of White 
Plains, N. Y.. Oct. 28, 1776. He was also in the battle of B., 
in Capt. Peter Clark's Co. as a substitute, or as hired by Mr. 
Edmund Bickford. 

192. Woodward, Eleazar. Eleazar Woodward hired Jacob 
Button for three months in the R. I. campaign in July, 1778. He 
also paid two months' bounty toward a six months' man to serve 
in the Continental Army. He was one of the town committee, 
chosen to enlist its quota Jan. 29, 1781. His name is on the re- 
monstrance against the petition of the northwest part of the town 
in 1783. 

193. Woodward, Ithamar. Ithamar Woodward was one of 
the men who enlisted Sept. 26, and continued in service till Dec. 
I, 1776. He was in Capt. McConnell's Co. in New York, and 
was in the battle of White Plains Oct. 28. He was one of the 
strong remonstrants against being annexed to Greenfield, much 
preferring to be joined to Francestown, a preference in which 
the General Court gratified him, by annexing his and his asso- 
ciates' estates to Francestown Dec. 11, 1792. 

194. Woodward, John. John Woodward was one of the 
three men who hired John Mellen to go to R. I. for six months, 
the others being William Blaney and Moses Lewis. He lived 
near the Francestown line, and opposed being set off into Green- 

This completes our list of Revolutionary men. It speaks for 
itself with great and forceful eloquence, as well as for the town 
in which these men lived. 


In a letter from St. Paul, Minn., July 29th, 1891, W. H. 
Grant, Esq., wrote to D. C. Grant, his brother : "I found hid 
away in one corner of a book-case among a lot of public docu- 
ments, at the Historical Library, the other da}', a very interest- 
ing book. It was a census of the Revolutionary Pensioners 
living in 1840, each town, county and state arranged by itself. 
It is a book published by the Government in 1841, showing 
name and age of pensioner and with whom the pensioner re- 
sided. I give you the Lyndeborough and Greenfield lists with 
their ages : 







Jonathan Butler 


Joseph Eaton 


Jedediah Russell 


William Holley 


Joshua Sargent 


Ebenezer Farrington 


Oliver Perham 


Jacob Mclntire 


Abraham Rose 


Lucy Perry 


Edmund Perkins 


William Brooks 


Phineas Kidder 


Simeon Fletcher 


Ruhama Burnham 


Simon Low 


Of all the Lyndeborough Revolutionary solfiiers tie wrote 
that "Simeon Fletcher was the only one left, residing in either 
Lyndeborough or Greenfield," when the book was published. 
He states further, " I have examined the entire New Hamp- 
shire list, and find the name of but one other Lyndeborough 
soldier, John Purple, aged 97, then living in Amherst." John 
Purple served for Lyndeborough, but was an Amherst resident 
when he enlisted. 


The Mii,itia. 

The excellent sketch of the Lafayette Artillery Co. by Mr. 
Jacob A. Woodward* will be referred to as probably containing 
the fullest and best information for present use. 

It was written with unusual particularity and thoroughness 
for the Company's Centennial celebration, Sept. 9, 1904. 


In 1760 there were in the Province of New Hampshire, ten 
regiments of militia, viz.: One of cavalry and nine of infantrj'. 
The most of these had seen service in the French and Indian 
war then just closing. New Hampshire had furnished more 
than five thousand men for the six campaigns for the reduction 
of Crown Point and the Canadas, and ending with the capture 
of Montreal. The militia were thoroughly organized, both ofl&c- 
ers and men having seen seven years of service. There is noth- 
ing to show that any of the men of Lyndeborough, then Salem- 
Canada, served in these campaigns, but it must be remembered 
that the town was young, the settlers poor, and having all they 
could do to maintain a foothold in their new country. In April, 
1764, the town was incorporated, and on the fourth of October 
following, John Stephenson was commissioned captain, and 
Jacob Wellman ensign of the tenth company in the sixth regi- 
ment of the militia of the Province of New Hampshire. The 
commission of John Stephenson is in the possession of Willis J. 
Stephenson of Lyndeborough, a great-grandson of the above 
mentioned John. It is signed by Penning Wentworth, Captain- 
General and Governor-in-Chief in and over his Majesty's Prov- 
ince of New Hampshire. From that October day to the present 
time, a period of one hundred and forty years, the town has 
maintained one or more companies of active militia, ready to 
take the field on short notice. It is to be regretted that no 
roster of this first company can be found. 

In 1773 the number of regiments was increased to twelve, and 
the ofiicers Major-General and Brigadier-General for the first 

*Mr Woodward s:iys : "We are indebted to Mr. Joseph A. Johnson for much of the in- 
formation in regard to the early history of this company ; to valuable letters of the late 
William H. Grant, Esq., and to Mr. Charles H. Tarbell for courteous help." 


time were commissioned. In September, 1776, an act was 
passed for forming and regulating the militia within the state, 
greatly changing the whole system. The state militia was 
divided into seventeen regiments. It provided for two classes 
of soldiers, a "Training Band " and an " Alarm List." 

The training band was made up of all the able-bodied male 
persons in the state from sixteen years old to fifty, except cer- 
tain persons in position and employment specified, and negroes, 
mulattoes and Indians. There was to be one major-general, with 
power at all times to draw forth the militia, or any part of them, 
as he should judge expedient for the immediate defense of this 
or any of the United States of America. The field officers were 
one colonel, one lieutenant-colonel and two majors for each regi- 
ment, and they were to divide their regiments into companies 
consisting of, as near as might be, sixty-eight privates each. 
The companies were to choose a captain, two lieutenants and 
one ensign. Each officer and private soldier was to equip him- 
self and be constantly provided with a good fire-arm, good ram- 
rod, a worm, priming- wire and brush, a bayonet fitted to his 
gun, a scabbard and belt therefor, and a cutting sword or a toma- 
hawk or hatchet, a pouch containing a cartridge box that will 
hold fifteen rounds of cartridges at least, a hundred buck-shot, a 
jackknife, and tow for wadding, six flints, one pound of powder, 
forty leaden balls, fitted to his gun, a knapsack and blanket, a 
canteen or wooden bottle sufficient to hold one quart. Each 
town was to provide and deposit in some safe place for use in 
case of an alarm, a specified number of spades or shovels, axes 
and picks, and to provide arms and equipment for those unable 
to provide for themselves. Each company was to muster eight 
times a year, including the regimental musters. Treating with 
victuals or drink on any training or muster days subjected any 
officers, so offending, to court martial. 

The alarm list included all male persons from sixteen years of 
age to sixty-five, not included in the training band, and not ex- 
empted in the first section of the act. They were to serve in a 
separate corps, were subject to be called out of their towns by 
no officer under the rank of colonel, and once in every six 
months they were to be called out by the captains of com- 
panies of the training bands to have their arms and accoutre- 
ment examined. Under the provisions of this act Lyndebor- 
ough became a part of the Ninth regiment, whereof Daniel 
Moore of Bedford was colonel. Pursuant to this act Peter Clark 


became captain and Samuel Houston lieutenant of the Ivynde- 
borough company. Both of these men subsequently did heroic 
work in the cause of liberty. In 1780 a new militia act was 
passed, but did not differ essentially from the preceding. The 
next considerable change was made in 1792, after the adoption 
of the present constitution, wherein it is declared that a " well 
regulated militia is a proper, natural and sure defense of the 
state." This act made many changes, and by the new arrange- 
ment Lyndeborough became a part of the second battalion of the 
26th regiment, and in 1796 .Daniel Gould was commissioned 
major of the battalion, while the regiment was commanded by 
Lieutenant-Colonel Benjamin Pierce of Hillsborough, afterward 
governor, and the father of President Pierce. 

In 1803 several artillery companies were organized and an- 
nexed to the regiments in the limits in which they were located. 
It was also provided that there should be at least one company 
of light infantry or grenadiers to each battalion, and a company 
of cavalry and also of artillery to each regiment. It was also 
provided that in forming companies of artillery and cavalry no 
more than one-eleventh part of any infantry company should 
enlist therein. It was also made unlawful for any non-commis- 
sioned officer or private to fire any gun on the day or evening 
of a muster, in or near any public road, or any house, or on or 
near the place of parade, without the permission of a commis- 
sioned officer. 

It was also provided that the state should furnish one canrron 
with carriage, harness and apparatus to each artillery company ; 
also music, money and colors, that suitable meats and drinks, 
or thirty-four cents in lieu thereof should be furnished each non- 
commissioned officer and private, within their several towns, on 
regimental or battalion musters. Each town was required to be 
constantly provided with certain amounts of powder, balls, flints 
and camp kettles, that these companies might constantly be in 
readiness in case of an emergency. 

Such, in brief, were the conditions in 1804, under which the 
Lafayette Artillery Company was organized. The arrogance, 
and acts of annoyance by Great Britain, which culminated a few 
years later in the War of 1812, were stirring the public mind. 
The people had but won their independence after a long, bloody 
struggle, and they felt that to preserve their hard-won liberty, 
they must have a well-drilled militia, and the military spirit ran 
high. This company was first known as the Artillery Company 


of the 22ncl Regiment, and was not christened the Lafayette 
Artillery Company until many years later. The early history 
of this organization is shrouded in the mist of a hundred years. 
No records of the first twenty years of its existence can be found, 
if, indeed, there ever were any ; but it would be a story of meet- 
ings for drill, and of gathering at the muster-field, ' ' armed and 
equipped as the law directs." Its first cannon, of which there 
is any record, was an iron four-pounder, and was handled with 
drag-ropes. This gun was condemned in 1844 as unfit for ser- 
vice by the inspectors of the 22nd Regiment, and a brass six- 
pounder was substituted. This gun is now in the possession of 
the company. It bears the date, 1810, and is famous as the only 
gun in the state service fit to be fired when the War of the Re- 
bellion broke cut. It was taken to Concord at Governor Gil- 
more's order, and used to fire salutes. Its voice has been heard 
on many muster-fields and at many celebrations in the towns in 
this section of the state. The company has come to regard it 
with much veneration and affection. It is much to be wished 
that a description of the first uniform of the company might here 
be given, but nothing of the kind is available. The members of 
the company wore side arms prior to 1856, and since that time 
have carried muskets instead. Those side arms, in part, were a 
short, broad-bladed sword worn in a belt. 

The company was organized in Peterborough, and for a num- 
ber of years was essentially a Peterborough affair. A majority of 
its members were Peterborough men ; lyyndeborough came next, 
and some men were enlisted from other towns. It will be noticed 
that the commissioned officers for a number of years after its 
organization were from Peterborough. As the years passed by, 
Lyndeborough came to the fore in the nuinber of men enlisted. 
Now, what came about in 1833 is a matter of record, but the 
causes of the changes in that year are mostly a matter of tradi- 
tion only. From stories of elderly men, from the fact that two 
companies appeared on the muster-field in that year, both claim- 
ing to be the Artillery Company of the 22nd Regiment, it would 
seem to be a plausible theory that Lyndeborough insisted on 
having the commissioned officers, and that Peterborough re- 
sisted, and that there was a quarrel between the men of the two 
towns, which resulted in a division of the company. The Peter- 
borough contingent was commanded b)^ Captain Samuel Cary, 
who had been its captain in 1829-30-31, and the men from 
lyyndeborough and Wilton were led by Captain Eleazer Put- 


nam. They had borrowed the famous "Molly Stark," a gun 
owned by the New Boston Artillery Company, together with 
their uniforms, and it was for Col. Luther Dascomb, who was 
colonel of the regiment at the time, to decide which was the 
artillery company of the regiment. Now, whether the fact that 
some of the men in the Lyndeborough company were from Wil- 
ton, Col. Dascomb 's town, had anything to do with his de- 
cision, is a matter of conjecture, but, at any rate, he decided in 
favor of the Lyndeborough company, and since that year (1833) 
the organization has been known as a Lyndeborough institu- 
tion. They sent up a squad of men and a pair of horses and 
captured the old iron field-piece, which was theirs until con- 
demned as unfit for service. 

In connection with the above the following record from the 
Orderly Book of the company may be of interest : — 

WiivTON, Dec. 3, 1833. 
" We, the undersigned, desirous of becoming an organized 
Company of Artillery in the twenty-second ' Regiment ' of New 
Hampshire Militia, do hereby agree to uniform and equip our- 
selves according to the following plan, viz.: The cap shall be a 
Bonaparte cap with a black ' Ploom,' the coat Blue and trimmed 
with yellow ball buttons and yellow worsted cord ; with white 
pantaloons, with black ' gaters ' in Pickets and black stocks, 
yellow belts for the sword with a belt over the shoulder, and 

Eleazer Putnam Harvey Holt Moses Parmenter 

William Holt Wm. Bachelder Samuel Osgood 

Ezra Dane DaAdd Holt James Marshall 

Solomon Cram Amos M. Whittemore Ezra Ellingwood 

John F. Holt Smiley Blood Joseph Karr 

Lyman Stone Dennis Abbott John B. Kidder 

William Bayles Luther Cleaves John Parker 

Isaiah Holt 

Then follows the certification of the field ofi&cers that the 
uniform was satisfactory, and that they (the Company) should 
constitute the Artillery Company of the 22nd Regiment N. H. 
Militia. Signed by 

Luther Dascomb ) Field Officers 22nd 
Samuel Ryan Jr. j Regt. N. H. Militia 

The uniform described above is the oldest that can be re- 
membered by anyone now living. Mr. Joseph A. Johnson says, 
" It was probably worn many years prior to 1833." 


The company was incorporated in 1837 and the following is 
the notice thereof : 

"Notice is hereby given that John F. Holt, John B. Kidder 
and Amos M. Whittemore, their associates and successors, be 
and hereby are made a body corporate and politic by the name 
of the Lafayette Artillery Company in the 22nd Regiment New 
Hampshire Militia, and that they may hold personal property 
not to exceed six hundred dollars, and are entitled to all the 
privileges incident to incorporations of a similar nature, and 
that John F. Holt, John B. Kidder or Amos M. Whittemore, or 
either two of them, may call a meeting for making by-laws for 
the future observance of said Company, not repugnant to the 
laws of the State, by giving 4 days' notice thereof personally 
or in writing." 

lyyndeborough, Aug. 25, 1837. 

(The Adjutant General's ofl&ce gives it as Jan. 13, 1837.) 

In 1840 the ladies of Lyndeborough made a silk flag and 
presented it to the Company. It was carried many years and 
although worn and faded it is still treasured by the Company as 
a souvenir of the past. Some years later the late Col. King of 
Wilton presented the Company with a staff for this flag, through 
Amos Herrick, a member of the Company, Col. King being 
unable to be present at the ceremony. The Company ordered 
their clerk, Mr. J. A. Johnson, to write Mr. King a letter of 
thanks for the gift. Another flag was presented by citizens of 
the town in 1862. It was originally toxi8 feet in size, but has 
been reduced by wear to 9x11, and is badly tattered and faded. 

Feb. 22nd, 1891, at the annual celebration, Mr. Byron Putnam 
presented a large flag to the Company. Mr. Putnam formally 
presented the flag and Maj. C. H. Holt accepted in behalf of 
the citizens and Company. This flag is 12x21 feet. 

The earliest roster and roll of membership of which there is 
any record is that of 1820. It is inserted here as a matter of 
historical interest. 

commissione;d officers. 

James White, Capt. 

Nathan Leathers, Lieut. 

Isaac Hadley, Ensign. 

Sergeant, Benjamin Brackett. 

The commissions of these officers were dated April 20, 1820. 


Charles M. Howe William Matthews Pliney E. Yer 



Milton Carter 
Charles Smith 
John Barber 
Robert White 
John J. Holt 
Norton Hunt 
Samuel Gates 
James H. Swan 
Nathaniel Felt 

Ahamaaz Jewett 
Samuel H. Howe 
William Breed 
Mathew Grey 
William Scott 
James Wilder 
Jeremiah Steele 
Eli Upton 

James Howe 
William Puffer 
Charles Fletcher 
Anson Moore 
Silas Barber 
Isaiah T. Smith 
Adam Miller 
Jonathan Felt 

A large majority of these men were probably from Peter- 

From a careful examination of the records it would seem that 
the following persons were members of the Company from 1833 
to 1838 which includes the year of its incorporation : 

Eleazer Putnam 
William Holt 
Ezra Dane 
Solomon Cram 
John F. Holt 
Lyman Stone 
William Bales 
Isaiah Holt 
William Bachelder 
Smiley Blood 
Dennis Abbott 
Luther Cleaves 
Moses Parmenter 
Samuel Osgood 
James Marshall 
Daniel P. Goldsmith 
Carl Searles 
Thomas B. Kidder 
Franklin H. Kidder 
Benjamin F. Stevens 
John Frye 
Calvin Holt 

Henry Herrick 
Putnam Cram 
Sumner Blanchard 
George Bales 
Andrew Harwood 
Daniel Holt Herrick 
Rodney Hunt 
John Hutchinson 
Ezra Ellingwood 
Joseph Karr 
John B. Kidder 
John Parker 
Alvin Upton 
Joseph H. Ford 
Jesse Read 
Sylvester Bradford 
John I. Carson 
Albert Hardy 
Jonas ^Vheeler 
Otis R. Fisher 
John R. Fish 

Amos M. Whittemore 
John S. Hutchinson 
Isaac Butterfield 
Sherebiah Manning 
Eben Averill 
John S. Fuller 
John Adams 
Adney C. Searles 
Abel Hutchinson 
Charles Osgood 
Asher Bennett 
Joshua Rogers 
Enos Crooker 
Henry A. Abbott 
Alonzo W, Stiles 
Joel H. Tarbell 
Samuel B. Bales 
Josiah Parker Jr. 
John Putnam 
Joseph A. Johnson 
James H. Grant 

Phillip Putnam 

This company is now one of the oldest military organizations 
in the country. Decade after decade it has made its appearance 
in the camp and on the muster field, and much might be writ- 
ten of scenes and incidents connected with its history, but the 
limits of this sketch forbid. It was a part of the New Hamp- 
shire militia from 1804 until 1866 or thereabouts, when the N, 
H. National Guard was organized and the old regimental 
divisions were done away with. From 1866 to 1878 it was a 
part of the First Regiment N. H. N. G. ; in the Second Regi- 
ment from 1878 until 1882, when it was mustered out of the 


National Guard. As an incorporated independent company it 
has maintained its organization since. 

The Company was mustered into the U. S. service Aug. i, 
1864, at Lyndeborough, by Capt. William M. Graham, First 
Artillery, U. S. A., and was sent to Newcastle, N. H., to do gar- 
rison duty. It was mustered out Sept. 23, 1864, at Fort Consti- 
tution, Newcastle, by Thomas S. Dunbar, First lyieut. 14th In- 
fantry, U. S. A. Previous to this enlistment many of its mem- 
bers had seen service at the front. This company had 135 men 
in the service of the United States during the war of the Re- 
bellion. The first New Hampshire man killed in that war was 
Harvey Holt, a member of this Company. Its Rolls have con- 
tained the names of many of Lyndeborough 's most honored 
citizens. Their roll books contain the names of upwards of 
700 persons. In 1878 the members of the Company arranged 
to celebrate the seventy-fourth anniversary of their organiza- 
tion, and Feb. 22nd, the birthday of the " Father of our Coun- 
try," was selected, and Joseph Chamberlain, a former captain, 
made the address. From that year until the present, the day 
has been celebrated by the Company by a free dinner, an ora- 
tion, music, speaking by invited guests, and a ball in the even- 
ing. Its observance has gradually grown until now it is the 
one day in which the people from all sections of the town get 
together for a good time. It was through their influence and 
exertions that the commodious hall at the south village was 
secured, they contributing liberally to its cost, and also giving 
the lot of land upon which it is built. Part of it is now used 
as the Armory. It was erected in 1888. 

Mr. Joseph A. Johnson is the senior member now living, hav- 
ing enlisted April 15, 1838, and Mr. Eli Clark Curtis is the 
oldest living captain. 

The first captain of the Company was James Wilson of 
Peterborough, and he held his commission from 1804 until 1810, 
He was the son of Major Robert Wilson. He graduated from 
Harvard College in 1789, and chose law as his profession. He 
practised in Peterborough until 1815, when he removed to 
Keene, where he died Jan. 4, 1839, aged 73 years. He was 
said to be a talented and successful lawyer. He was elected 
Representative to Congress in 1809 and 181 1. He was the 
father of James Wilson, Jr., a noted orator during the presi- 
dental campaign of 1840. This son was major-general of the 


New Hampshire militia at one time, and was best known as 
General Jim Wilson. 

1810-14. The second captain was Nathaniel Morrison, born at Peter- 
borough, Oct. II, 1779. He was a carriage and chair maker, and at one 
time carried on his business at Fayetteville, N. C. At the urgent solici- 
tation of his father he returned to Peterborough. There came with him 
a young mechanic named John H. Steele, who afterward became gover- 
nor of New Hampshire. Capt. Morrison died in Mississippi, Sept. 11, 

1814-20. The third captain was Jonathan Mitchell, born at Peterbor- 
ough Jan. II, 1787. He died at Belvidere, N. Y., Sept. i, 1853. His 
father was a soldier in the Continental Army. 

1820-23. The fourth captain was James White, born at Peterborough, 
March 31, 1784. He died in that town July 6, 1859. He was the grand- 
father of Gen. Daniel M, White of Peterborough, a soldier in the Civil 

1823-24. The fifth captain was Isaac Hadley, born at Lexington, Mass., 
Aug. 9, 1784. Died at Peterborough, June 25, 1843. He was a brickmaker 
by trade, and a sergeant in the United States Army in the War of 1812. 
His father, Ebenezer Hadley, was a resident of Lexington, Mass., and 
was one of that gallant band of yeomen who stood on Lexington common 
and fought the British on that memorable 19th of April. 

1824-27. The sixth captain was William Scott, born at Peterborough, 
Feb. 19, 1801. Died Sept. 24, 1846. He was a farmer by occupation, and 
was the father of Col. Charles Scott of Peterborough. 

1827-29. The seventh captain was Norton Hunt, born at Peterborough, 
March 27, 1800. He was a farmer and miller by occupation, and at one 
time was colonel of the 22nd Regiment, New Hampshire militia. He died 
March 30, 1885. 

1829-32. The eighth captain was Samuel Carey, born at Jaffrey, June i, 
1899. He was a successful farmer. He died March 27, 1886. 

1832-33. There seem to have been two captains chosen during this 
period. Of L. Hill we have no record. Capt. Ashley Loring was born at 
Peterborough, April 21, 1807. Died in Ohio, Jan. 28, 1849. 

1833-36. The eleventh captain was Eleazer Putnam, born at Lynde- 
borough, Jan. 8, 1801, and died in that town, Dec. 27, 1866. He was a de- 
scendant of one of the early settlers of Lyndeborough, and was the first 
captain chosen after the headquarters of the Company was removed to 
Lyndeborough. He was by trade a millwright. He served with the 
Company at Fort Constitution for a short time during the Rebellion. 
One of his sons, Albert M., was a soldier in that war. 

1836-37. The twelfth captain was William Holt, said to have been an 
inhabitant of Wilton. We have no further record. 

1837-38. The thirteenth captain was Lyman Stone, born in 1803. Died 
at Milford, Nov. 25, 1882. He was for many years a resident of Wilton. 

1838-39. Of Moses Parmenter, the fourteenth captain, we have no 
record except that he was said to have been a Wilton man. 


1839-40. The fifteenth captain was Solomon Cram, born at Roxbury, 
Vt., Nov. 5, 1802. Died in Lyudeborough March 11, 1863. He was a 
blacksmith by trade. Three of his sons, members of the Company, 
served in the War of the Rebellion, viz., George M., Orrin N., and Azro 
D. They are lineal descendants of the first settler of Ly ndeborough . 

1840-42. John Fletcher Holt was the sixteenth captain. He was born 
Nov. 12, 1807, and died April 17, 1883. He was bom and died in Lynde- 
borough. He was a farmer and carpenter. 

1842-43. The seventeenth captain was John Boffee Kidder, born Aug. 
16, 1811. Died in Milford, May 2, 1892. He was a farmer by occupation, 
and for many years a resident of Wilton. He was a son of Ephraim and 
Betsey (Boffee) Kidder, and was a descendant of one of the oldest fami- 
lies in town. 

1843-44. The eighteenth captain was Amos Marshall Whittemore, born 
at Greenfield, Jan. 15, 1815, and died in that town Dec. 15, 1890. A 
farmer by occupation. 

1844-45. Jonathan Stephenson was the nineteenth captain, born at 
Lyndeborough, March 19, 1807. Died Nov. 10, 1903. He was a descend- 
ant of John Stephenson, one of the early settlers, and was a life-long 
resident of L,yndeborough. He was a farmer and millwright. It was 
through his influence that the Company secured the gun from the state, 
which is in their custody at present. He was the son of John and Mary 
(Hildreth) Stephenson. 

1845-47. The twentieth captain was Ezra Dane. He lived at South 
Lyndeborough on a farm connected with the parsonage, at the time he 
was captain. No better record. 

1847-48. Joshua Rogers was the twenty-first captain. He was a resi- 
dent of lyyndeborough at the time he was captain of the Company, and 
died at Manchester, N. H. No further record. 

1848-49. The twenty-second captain was Joseph Chamberlain, born at 
Milford, Feb. 22, 1821, and died at Paxton, Mass., in 1886. He was the 
son of Joseph and Sarah (Abbott) Chamberlain. He was [a lumber 
dealer. In 1878, when the Company first celebrated the 22d of February, 
he was selected to make the address. 

1849-50. The twenty-third captain was Nathaniel Jones, son of Benja- 
min and Chloe (Farrington) Jones, born at Lyndeborough, Nov. 15, 181 1. 
Died at Natick, Mass., Dec. 28, 1878. He was a farmer. 

1850-65. Joel H. Tarbell was the twenty-fourth captain. He was the 
son of Joel and Betsey (Shattuck) Tarbell, born at Mason, Feb. 6, 1816. 
Died at Lyndeborough, Feb. 14, 1891. He held his commission as cap- 
tain fifteen years, the longest term in the history of the Company. He 
was its captain when the Company was mustered into the service 'of the 
United States. 

1865-67. Eli Clark Curtis was the twenty-fifth captain, born at Lynde- 
borough, May 3, 1821, the son of Eli and Sarah (Loring) Curtis. He is 
the oldest captain of the Company now living. He has been a life-long 
resident of Ivyndeborough. He is a farmer by occupation. 

1867-70. The twenty-sixth captain was Charles Henry Holt, son of 


Abiel and Olivia (Proctor) Holt, born Jan. 14, 1828, at Milford, Died 
Jan. 31, 1897, at Lyndeborough. He was captain also from 1875 to 1878, 
and from 1882 to 1885, and from 1886 to 1890, making him the thirtieth, 
thirty-third and thirty-fifth captain of the Company. During the later 
years of his life he was postmaster at South Lyndeborough. 

1870-72. The twenty-seventh captain was John Gage, born June 15, 
1836, at Wayne Co., Miss., the sou of David and Betsey (Putnam) Gage. 
He is a mason by trade and resides at Wilton. 

1872-74. Andy Holt was the twenty-eighth captain. He was born at 
Lyndeborough Feb. i, 1842, the son of David and Ann (Cochran) Holt. 
He was captain also of the Company from 1878 to 1881, from 1890 to 1891, 
and is its present commanding officer, making him the thirty-first, thirty- 
sixth and forty-fifth captain of the Company. He was a soldier during 
the War of the Rebellion. 

1874-75. The twenty-ninth captain was Albert S. Conant, born July 22, 
1840, the son of Samuel and Abigail E. (Reynolds) Conant. He was born 
at Antrim. He is a veteran of the Civil War, resides at South Lynde- 
borough, and is a carpenter by trade. 

1881-82. The thirty-second captain was David G. Dickey, born Oct. 24, 
1836, the son of Adam and Keziah (Clement) Dickey. He is a farmer and 
carpenter, was a soldier in the Civil War, and now resides at Milford. 
He was also captain of the Company from 1885 to 1886, making him the 
thirty-fourth commanding officer as well. 

1891-92; Henry A. Proctor, the thirty-seventh captain, was born in 
Stoddard, N. H., Sept. 22, 1854. He is a carpenter by trade, and now re- 
sides at Wilton, N. H. 

1892-93. The Thirty-eighth captain was Frank H. Eaton, born Feb. i, 
1855, the son of George D. and Eliza (South wick) Eaton. He was born 
at East Cambridge. While captain of the Company he lived in Lynde- 
borough ; was a farmer. He now resides at Somerville, Mass. 

1993-94- John C. Carkin was the thirty-ninth captain, born at Lynde. 
borough, March 7, 1844, the son of David and Lydia (Abbott) Carkin. He 
is a descendant of one of the early settlers of Dyndeborough, was a sol- 
dier in the Civil War, and has always made his home in this town. He is 
at present in the employ of the Whiting firm of Wilton. 

1894-96. Joseph A. Blanchard was the fortieth captain, born at Milford, 
Nov. 16, 1829, the son of Luther and Mary (Kinson) Blanchard. He is a 
farmer at South Dyndeborough, was a soldier in the Civil War, and has 
been a member of the Company for over fifty years. 

1896-98. Roy N. Putnam was the forty-first captain, born at L,yndebor- 
ough, July 9, 1870, the son of Edwin H. and Eliza (Keyes) Putnam. He 
is a descendant of Ephraim Putnam, one of the very early settlers of the 
town ; is the present postmaster at South Lyndeborough and keeps a 
general store there. He was also forty-fourth captain, 1903-1904. 

1898-1900. The forty-second captain was Sewell M. Buck, born at Nor- 
way, Me., April 16, 1839, the son of Austin and Sarah (Coburn) Buck. 
He is a painter by occupation, was a soldier in the Civil War, and resides 
at Lyndeborough. 



1900-03. Edward Ross was the forty-third captain, born at Wellington, 
Conn., July 4, 1S61, the son of Samuel and Sarah (McMullen) Ross. 
His father died from a wound received at the Battle of Gettysburg. Re- 
sides at South Lyndeborough. 

1904-05. Capt. Andy Holt was the forty-fifth captain. It will be seen 
that thirty-six men served as captains during the century of the Com- 
pany's existence. 

The following is the Roster and Roll of Membership in the 
centennial year of the Company : 

Andy Holt, Captain. 

Edward Ross, xst Lieut. 

Fred A. Holt, 2d Lieut. 


Algernon W. Putnam, ist Sergt. 

Walter S. Tarbell, 2d Sergt. 

Carl J. Bishop, 3d Sergt. 

Willie F. Herrick, 4th Sergt. 

James H. Williams, 5th Sergt. 
Fred Moore, Corp. 

Charles L. Perham, Corp. 

James A. Putnam, Corp. 

Albert E. Swinnington, Corp. 

John A. Spalding, Corp. 
Charles H. Tarbell, Quartermaster. 


Harry F. Hartshorn 
Charles E. Putnam 
George S. Proctor 
Fred W. Proctor 
Willie J. Gangloff 
Frank J. Bishop 
L. Nute Woodward 
Edward L. Curtis 
Perley L. Holden 
Warren A. Nichols 
William H. Cheever 

John C. Carkin 
Sewell M. Buck 
Albert S. Conant 
George M. Cram 
Ethan A. Woodward 
Arthur J. Grant 
Alfred T. Ford 
Azro D. Cram 
John W. Hartshorn 
Roy N. Putnam 
John M. Curtis 
Charles D. Riley 


Lyndeborough had also another military company which it 
would be not only impolitic, but almost unpardonable, to over- 
look or ignore. This, also, as well as the Lafayette Artillery, 
formed a part of the 22nd Regiment. Between the artillery and 
the other infantrj- companies, however, this distinction should 
be borne in mind. The artillery company could enlist men 

Herbert A. Cheever 
Alfred K. Shepard 
Walter T. Shepard 
Frank H. Boutwell 
Albert H. Hayford 
Harry W. Cheever 
Percy W. Putnam 
Elmer J. Blanchard 
Harry W. Holt 
Clarence A. Eastman 
George S. Buttrick 


from any of the different towns in the military district. The 
infantry companies were restricted to the enlistment of men 
residing in the town where the company had its headquarters. 

The other company referred to above was "The lyight In- 
fantry," or the 2nd Light Infantry of the 22nd Regiment. This 
was the " Training Band " of the town. They were to provide 
themselves with the regulation equipment. 

We have no distinct account of the organization of the Light 
Infantry. But we have muster rolls, and lists of its commis- 
sioned officers with dates, and other papers of legal tenor which 
certify to its complete organization for service. Although want- 
ing authoritative record of the organization of the Lynde- 
borough Company, we are fortunate in having a complete mus- 
ter roll of the Third Company of the 26th Regiment of the 
New Hampshire militia. 

"Oct. I," (1805) "The Company was warned by Daniel 
Putnam, commandant, at the head of his company, to appear 
on parade the 7th Instant." "Oct. 7, the Company were 
warned by said Putnam to appear on parade near to John 
Gibson's in Francestown, for the purpose of mustering with 
the regiment the nth Day of October, Instant." 

We imagine that some of our readers may take an interest 
in reading the document which follows : 

The Roll of the Third Company of the Twenty-sixth Regi- 
ment of N. H. Militia, warned by Capt. Daniel Putnam to ap- 
pear at the regimental muster at Francestown, Oct. 11, 1805. 


Nathan Wheeler Jacob Manning Timothy Putnam I. H. Goodrich 


Thomas I^akin Reuben Button 


John Besom, Jr. Chase Hadley 

David Averill Aaron Carkin 

Asa Blanchard Asa Carson 

Crosby Blanchard Henry Cram 

David Butterfield, Joseph Cram 

Samuel Butterfield, Jr. James Cram, Jr. 

Thomas Boffee Jonathan Chamberlain, 

Jonathan Butler, Jr. Daniel Chamberlain 

Samuel Badger Dudley Carleton 

Daniel Badger Asher Curtis 

Josiah Brown Israel Cram 

Rufus Badger John Clark, Jr. 

James Cram Peter Clark, Jr. 



S. W. Parker 
Ephraim Putnam, 2nd 
Jonathan Putnam 
Ephraim Putnam, 3rd 
Nathaniel Putnam 
Ebenezer Pearson 
Robert Parker, Jr. 
Solomon Parker 
John Proctor, Jr. 
Oliver Perham, Jr. 
Timothy Richardson 
Jedediah Russell, Jr. 
John Russell 
John Russell, Jr. 
David Stiles 
Lemuel Savels 
Jonathan T. Steward 
Oliver Scripture 
H. Ladd Sargent 
John Sargent 
David Senter 
Reuben Stiles 
Benjamin Senter, Jr. 
Oliver Senter 
Eliezer Woodward, Jr. 
Israel Woodward 
John Woodward, Jr. 
Ephraim Woodward 
Alpheus Wilkins 
Clark Whittemore 
James Whittemore 
Daniel Woodward 
Simon Wilkins 
Oliver Whiting 

Whole number enrolled, loi 
Capt. Daniel Putnam L,t. Benjamin Goodrich Ens. Caleb Huston 

The preceding roll, possibly the oldest one of the company, 
appears to be in the penmanship of Nathan Wheeler. We 
now present Sergeant Ebenezer Hutchinson's roll of the same 
company for the year 181 2.* 


Moses Dutton 
Thomas Dutton 
William Dutton 
Joseph EHinwood 
Peter Flanders 
David Farrington 
Benjamin Fuller 
Joseph Farnam 
Lewis Fisher 
Daniel Gardner 
John Giddings 
Charles Frye Hutchinson 
Ebenezer Hutchinson Jr. 
David Holmes 
Samuel Hardy 
Jotham Hildreth 
Andrew Harwood 
John Hartshorn, Jr. 
Samuel Hartshorn 
Jonathan Hartshorn 
John Melody 
Benjamin Holt 
Benjamin Jones, Jr. 
Nathaniel Jones 
Elbridge Jones 
Phineas Kidder, Jr. 
Thomas Kidder 
Joseph Melody 
John Medes 
Jacob Mclntire 
Timothy Ordway 
Joshua Orne 
Samuel Pearson 
Timothy Pearson, Jr. 
James Pearson 






Richardson Bointon Averill 

* The spelling of the roll is copied except in the name of Putnam, where the Ser- 
geant has Putman. 




Putnam Whitmarsh 


George Allen 

Joseph Carter Abbott 

Samuel Allen 

Amaziah Blanchard 

Jotham Blanchard 

John BuUard 

Daniel Bullard 

Jacob Butler 

Thomas Boardman, Jr. 

Daniel N. Boardman 

Thomas Buffee 

Israel Brown 

Manley Butler 

Allen Cross 

Henry Cram 

Joseph Cram 

John Cristy 

James Cram 

Joseph Chamberlain, 2nd 

Nath^ Chamberlin 

Samuel Chamberlin 

Joseph Chamberlin 

John Chamberlin 

Peter Chamberlin 

Asa Chamberlin 

Dudley Carlton 

Eli Curtis, Jun' 

Asher Curtis 

Benj=' Curtis 

Henry Campbell 

John Carson 

John Carkin 

Samuel Dutton 

Wm. Dutton 

Moses Dutton 

Warren Damon 

Ira S. Ellenwood 

Daniel Eepes 

Nehemiah French, Jr. 

James Fuller 

Frederick Fuller 

Archelaus Fuller 

James Ferguson 

Jareb Gould 

Daniel Gardner 

Francis Gideons 

Nath^ Hutchinson 

Samuel Howard 

Jacob Howard 
Jotham Hildreth 
Mark Hadley 
Samuel Hartshorn 
Ira Houston 
Benjamin Jones, Jr. 
Nathan Jones 
Jacob Jones 
Ephraim Kidder, Jr. 
Thomas Kidder 
Asa Manning 
John Medes 
Enoch Ordway, Jr. 
Robert Parker 
Carlton Parker 
Moses Pearsons 
Timothy Pearsons, Jr. 
Jesse Pearsons 
Ephraim Putnam, 3d 
Joseph Putnam 
Benjamin Putnam 
John Perham 
Samuel Perham 
Brackley Rose 
Jotham Reed 
John Russell 
Jedidiah Russell, Jr. 
James Russell 
Wm. Russell 
Ephraim P. Russell 
Jesse Raimond 
Timothy Richardson 
Wm. Richardson 
Lemuel Savels 
Henry Spaulding 
John Sargent 
Bodwell Sargent 
Joseph S. Stone 
Benjamin Senter 
Oliver Senter 
Asa Senter 
John Sterns 
Tyler Town 
John Town 
Ebenezer Tower 
Russell Upton 
Elijah Upton 
Israel Woodward 



Aaron Woodward 
Daniel Woodward 
David Woodward 
Samuel Woodward 

John Woodward, Q. 
Ephraim Woodward, 2nd 
Caleb Whittemore 
Josiah Wheeler 

lyists of the ofl&cers of the 2nd Companyof the 22nd Regiment, 
and the dates of their commissions. 

Timothy Putnam 


June 7, 1814 

Daniel Chamberlain 


Nov. 13, 1818 

Resigned June 8, 1819. 

David Putnam, Jr. 


June 8, 1819 

Resigned Sept. 4, 1820. 

Daniel N. Boardman 


Sept. 4, 1820 

Oliver Whiting 


April II, 1825 

Peter Clark 


" 8, 1826 

Samuel Marble 


" 25, 1828 

Charles Parker 


" 14, 1829 

Jonathan Whiting 


March i, 183 1 

Jacob Woodward 


Dec. 10, 1832 

David J. Putnam 


April 9, 1834 

Albert C. French 


" 5. 1837 

Putnam Woodward 


Nov. I, 1837 

John Dolliver 


May 19, 1842 

Luther Cram 


" 8, 1843 

Putnam Woodward 


July 9, 1844 

John Dolliver 


June 18, 1846 

Ebenezer Hutchinson, Jr. 


June 7, 1814 

Jacob Butler 


" 8, 1819 

Resigned Sept. 4, 1820. 

Oliver Whiting 


Sept. II, 1820 

Peter Clark 

April II, 1825 

Samuel Jones 

" 8, 1826 

Charles Parker 

" 25, 1828 

Jonathan Whiting 

*' 14, 1829 

Jacob Woodward 

March i, 183 1 

David Johnson Putnam 

Dec. 10, 1832 

Minard Putnam 

April 9/1834 

Sylvester Proctor 

Nov. I, 1837 

John Dolliver 

Aug. 14, 1838 

Daniel Chamberlain 


June 7, 1814 

Jacob Butler 


Nov. 13, 1818 

Daniel N. Boardman 


June 8, 1819 

Silas Wilkins 


Sept. 4, 1820 

Peter Clark 


April 19, 1822 

Samuel Jones 


" II, 1825 

Samuel Marble 


" 8, 1826 

Jonathan Whiting 


" 25, 1828 

Jacob Woodward 


" 14, 1829 

David Johnson Putnam 


March i, 1831 

Ephraim H. Putnam 


Dec. 10, 1832 


Albert C. French Ensign Aug. 29, 1836 

Rodney C. Boutwell " " 13, 1838 

A. Russell " June 18, 1846 


Timothy Putnam Lt. Col. Com'dg. June 20, 1820 

Major June 20, 1818 

Colonel June 20, 1820 

Discharged July 26, 1824, and removed to Lowell, Mass. 

Daniel Wardwell 


May 21, 


Israel Herrick 

Surgeon's Mate 

Jan. 19, 


Nathan Jones 


Aug. 28, 


Nathaniel Merrill 


Apr. 30, 


David J. Putnam 


June 16, 



Daniel Proctor 


June 29, 


Declined Sept. 3, 1838. 

Putnam Woodward 


July 2, 


U. Col. 

June 24, 


William G. French 


Aug. 21, 


The foregoing lists of officers, with the dates of their commis- 
sions, were procured by W. H. Grant, Esq., from the Hon. 
Ezra Stearns, secretary of state of New Hampshire, and were 
among the papers of David C. Grant. The records show that a 
flourishing military company had its home among our hills, 
many of whose members served in the Revolutionary War, as 
well as in that of 181 2. The Light Infantry thus on record 
was sometimes designated the 2nd Company and sometimes the 
3rd Company of the 22nd Regiment. This variation in name was 
due to a different arrangement of the companies in the regi- 

" The Light Infantry " was a uniformed company. Its uni- 
form consisted of white pantaloons, red coats, a tall cap with 
white plume tipped with red. They were frequently styled 


The body of militia thus designated constituted a third com- 
pany. They were called into service only in cases of emergency, 
but were required by law to parade once in six months. In con- 
sequence of training so little, they could not discharge their 
firearms with the same promptness and precision as the Light In- 
fantry. The fire of the latter came like the report of a single 
gun; the alarm men when firing went "slam! bang!" 
from which cause they were called " Slam-Bangs." 

Mr. Joseph A. Johnson, one of the later captains, of this 


company, kindly furnished me the following statement relating 
to the body : — 

" Lyndeborough has always been noted for its military spirit. 
Early in its history military duty was compulsory, and all males 
between eighteen and forty-five years of age were enrolled and 
designated as infantry. As time passed along they began to 
form independent companies under the names of light infan- 
try, artillery and cavalry. The infantry, an un-uniformed 
body, was kept up as a sort of reserve from which to replenish 
the uniformed companies, which, however, were restricted to a 
certain per cent, of the infantry. Sometime in the fifties they 
ceased to do military duty, but were enrolled until the national 
guard was formed. The Lyndeborough body was known as the 
5th company of the infantry of the 22nd Regiment. Such com- 
panies were generally known as the Slam Bangs, from the fact 
that when taking part in the sham fight in the old regimental 
musters, and drawn up in front of the supposed enemy, they dis- 
charged their muskets so promiscuously that they would have 
endangered each other, had they fired bullets instead of blank- 

The lists of the officers with the dates of their commissions, 
procured by W. H. Grant, Esq., from Hon. Ezra Stearns, sec- 
retary of state, are as follows : — 


Henry Isaac Captain Nov. 2, 1819 

Charles Whitmarsh " Aug. 30, 1821 

Israel Putnam " April 13, 1822 

Ebenezer Russell " Feb. 22, 1826 

David W. Grimes " - March 24, 1827 

Israel Putnam " July 8, 1828 

Newton Boutwell " Aug. 20, 1829 

Samuel Hartshorn " Nov. 25, 1831 

Jonathan Stephenson " April 9, 1834 

Daniel Proctor " Jan. 23, 1836 

John J. Martin " June 17, 1839 

Phineas C. Kidder " April 8, 1848 

Asa Hill " June 14, 1843 

Levi H. Woodward " Feb. i, 1844 

Samuel Karr " March 25, 1845 

Joseph A. Johnson " April 18, 1848 

William L. Whitteuiore " Aug. 28, 1848 

William J. Herrick " Aug. 12, 1850 

Joseph Saunders, Jr. Lieutenant Sept. 2, 1819 

Israel Putnam " Aug. 13, 1821 

Oliver Bixby " April 13, 1822 



Daniel Cram 


April 28, 1824 

Ebenezer Russell 


April 20, 1825 

David Grimes 


Feb. 22, 1826 

Brackley Rose 


March 24, 1827 

William Richardson 


July's, 1828 

Asa Blanchard 


June 16, 1828 

Samuel Hartshorn 


Aug. 20, 1829 

Jonathan Stephenson 


Nov. 25, 1 83 1 

John Hartshorn 


April 9, 1834 

Daniel Proctor 


July 6, 1835 

Benjamin J. Martin 


Jan. 23, 1836 

Phineas C. Kidder 


June 17, 1839 

Asa Hill 


April 8, 1841 

Levi H. Woodward 


June 14, 1843 

Samuel Karr 


Feb. I, 1844 

Joseph A. Johnson 


March 25, 1845 

William L. Whittemore 


April 18, 1848 

William J. Herrick 


Aug. 28, 1848 

Charles M. Butler 


Aug. 12, 1850 

Isaac Kimball 


Nov. 2, 1819 

Oliver Bixby 


Aug. 30, 1821 

Benjamin Chamberlain 


April 13, 1822 

David Grimes 


April 20, 1825 

Thomas H. Leverett 


Feb. 22, 1826 

Franklin Hadley 


March 24, 1827 

Newton Boutwell 


July 8, 1828 

John Carleton 


June 16, 1829 

Benjamin J. Boutwell 


Aug. 20, 1829 

John Ramsdell 


Nov. 25, 183 1 

Royal Tupper 


Mar. 15, 1832 

Benjamin Jones, Jr. 


Jan. 23, 1836 

Richard N. Dolliver 


May 16, 1838 

Levi H. Woodward 


April 8, 1841 

Samuel Karr 


June 14, 1843 

Joseph A. Johnson 


July I, 1844 

Jonathan H. Butler 


March 25, 1845 

William L. Whittemore 


March 26, 1846 

William J. Herrick 


April 18, 1848 

William A. Jones 


Aug. 28, 1848 

David J. Carkin 


Aug. 12, 1850 


No list of the rank and file of this cavalry company has come 
to our hand. A few of our citizens, however, were commis- 
sioned ofl&cers in it, and their names are, therefore, preserved. 
In the cavalry company of the 22nd Regiment were : 

John Houston 

2nd. Lieutenant June 7, 1814 

1st. Lieutenant June 4, 1816 

May 21, 1S18 


Jonathan Clark Cornet Aug. 31, 1818 

2nd. Lieutenant April 15, 1819 

1st. Lieutenant April 24, 1820 

Dexter Burton Cornet March 3, 1830 

• 2nd. Lieutenant Sept. 5, 1831 

1st. Lieutenant April 17, 1833 

This completes our record of the militia of the Twenty-Sec- 
ond Regiment, which was in itself a miniature army. 

The following papers were among the old documents of the 
late David Putnam, Jr., for a time Capt. of the Light Infantry, 
and were kindly entrusted to the writer for use in this history by 
Mrs. Susanna P. Hartshorn and Mrs. F. B. Richards: — 

To Daniel Putnam Esq. Justice of the Peace, in and for the County of 
Hillsborough ; 

I, the subscriber, Clerk of the Compan}^ commanded by David Putnam 
Jr., do hereby give information against the following persons, who being 
duly enrolled in said company, and being duly notified to meet with 
said company on the second Day of May, Anno Domini 1820, were guilty 
of the offense and did incur the forfeitures set against their respective 

Edward Herrick, neglecting to appear on said day, %2. 
Joseph Cram, being deficient of cartridge box, 25c. 
Eli Curtis, Jr., for being deficient of Cartridge box and bayonet on said 

day, 50c. 
Eli Holt, for neglecting to appear on said day, $2. 
Joseph Putnam, for being deficient of Knapsack, on said day, 20c. 
Jesse Reed, for being deficient of a priming wire and brush, and two 

spare flints on said day, 20c. 
John South wick, for being deficient of a cartridge box on said day 25c. 
David Smith, for being deficient of a cartridge box and canteen 35c. 
John Town, for being deficient of a cartridge box on said day 25c. 
Ephraim P. Woodward, for being deficient of a bayonet, knapsack and 

canteen on said day, 55c. 
John Clark, for neglecting to appear on said day, $2. 
Allen Brown, for neglecting to appear on said day, %2. 
James Whittemore, for neglecting to appear on said day, $2. 
Jonathan Cochran, for being deficient of a cartridge box. Knapsack, and 

priming-wire and Brush, on said day, 55c. 
Andrew Smith, for being deficient of a cartridge box, on said day, 25c. 
John Cram, 2nd, for being deficient of a ramrod and Knapsack, on said 

day, 40c. 
William Holt, for being deficient of a cartridge box, on said day, 25c. 
Silas Chamberlain, for being deficient of a cartridge box on said day, 25c. 
William Summers, for being deficient of a cartridge box on said day, 25c. 
Abijah Spaulding, for being deficient of a cartridge box on said day, 25c. 
Charles P. Fowle, for being deficient of a cartridge box on said day, 25c. 
I, therefore, agreeable to my oath of office and in compliance with the 


requisitions of the law in this behalf, request that you would issue a 
summons to each of the Persons named in the above information to ap- 
pear before you and shew cause if any he has, why it should not be ad- 
judged that he pay the forfeiture set against his name for the offence or 
offenses which he is therein alleged to have committed. 
Dated at Lyndeborough, this fifth day of June, 
in the year of Our Lord, 1820. 

Oliver Whiting, Clerk of the Co. 
Commanded by, David Putnam, Jr. 

Received of 
David Putnam Captain of the 2nd. Lt. Infantry Company in the 22nd. 
Regt. the sums set to our names, for which we agree to furnish ourselves 
with Instruments of Music for training, for two years from the first Day 
of May 1820. 

John Besom, Jr. I2.25 

Israel Putnam 2.25 

Ebenezer Pearson, Jr. 2.00 
William Richardson i.oo 
Edward Herrick .50 


The War of 1812 and the Mexican War. 

For several years previous to the above date the governments 
of both Great Britain and France had been infringing upon the 
rights of the American Repubhc by irritating and lawless acts, 
which they imagined they could practise at their pleasure with 
assured impunity. The indignation of the people grew hot 
against their unprincipled assailants. There were then, as now, 
two great parties in American politics which were as ready as 
the parties of today to traduce and incriminate each other. The 
parties were called Federalists and Republicans. The latter 
were accused of partiality for France, the ally of our colonies in 
their war for independence ; the former were charged with 
undue fondness for Great Britain, the old oppressor and enemy 
of the colonies. While the people were thus divided, it was no 
trivial matter to guide national affairs. The British navy kept 
repeating its offences against American seamen. British 
cruisers claimed the right to search American ships ; and they 
seized and impressed able-bodied American sailors, under pre- 
text that they were British subjects. 

' ' These outrages American vessels were often too weak to re- 
sist. The frigate Chesapeake, when starting on a distant voy- 
age, was unexpectedly attacked by the British ship Leopard, 
which had been enjoying the hospitality of an American port. 
Several of her crew were killed, and four men were impressed 
and carried on board of the I^eopard, on the plea that they vi^ere 
deserters. Jefferson, in a proclamation, immediately ordered all 
British war vessels to quit the waters of the United States."* 

To distress England, he forbade American vessels to leave 
port, which, while England was involved in the Napoleonic 
wars, had done most of the carrying trade of Europe. This em- 
bargo was found very injurious to American commerce. After 
fourteen months it was repealed, and a non-intercourse act with 
Great Britain was passed in its stead. Although " the English 
government disavowed the flagrant attack of the Leopard and 
promised rei)aration, nothing satisfactory was done. But Eng- 
land continued her provoking assaults upon the American 

*Quakenbos Old Ed., p. 335. 


people until their resentment was wrought up to such intensity 
as to justify hostilities and form a basis for maintaining them. 
Consequently, war was declared against Great Britain in June, 

A statement from the New Hampshire Patriot of Feb. 25, 
181 2, as illustrating the cause of this war, follows : — 

By the reports from the Department of State, is the number of 
Impressed American seamen, now held in worse than Barbarian 
slavery by Great Britain : this is not probably half the actual 
number, as comparatively few that have been impressed have 
ever had an opportunity to make known their deplorable condi- 
tion to the American Government. ' ' 

" The impressment of our seamen stands first on the catalogue 
of British injuries ; for what is our property, what our honor 
worth, if our citizens are permitted to be seized by a British 
press gang, their protections torn and thrown in their faces, and 
they doomed to a perpetual exile from their country and friends 
— to wear out their lives in slavery ? ' ' 

Congress prepared for w^ar, to carry on which, "a loan of 
$11,000,000 was authorized." Twenty-five thousand regulars 
and fifty thousand volunteers were to be enlisted, " and the re- 
spective States were directed to arm and equip their proportion 
of 100,000 militia for the defense of the coast and frontier."* 

It was in response to this call of their country that the town of 
I^yndeborough, in a legal meeting held June 16, 1812, voted 

" To raise or make up the wages of those of the militia who 
may enlist themselves as this town's proportion of the one hun- 
dred thousand, to twelve dollars per month while they are in 
actual service ; and to make up their pay to one dollar per day, 
in case they shall be called upon by authority for inspection and 
military duty at home, for each and every day that they may be 
called upon more than the remainder of the militia."! 


We the subscribers, soldiers in the Town of Ivyndeborough, 
under the command of Nathan Wheeler, hereby voluntaril}^ in 
consideration of our duty to our country and the generous offers 
made this day by the said Town of Lyndeborough, enlist our- 
selves to serve agreeably to a law of the United States to raise 
One Hundred Thousand of the militia, and hereby promise to 

*Quackenbos O. Ed., pp. 343, 344- tT. Rs., Ill, v.'j&l. 


equip ourselves according to law, and to hold ourselves in readi- 
ness to luarcli at a moment's warning. 

Dated at lyyndeboro, this i6th. day of June 1812. 

Timothy Putnam, as Lieut. John Medes (Mead) 

Israel Putnam, Drummer Ebenezer Russell 

John Sargent Asa Chamberlain 

Robert Parker James Fuller 

David Putnam, Jr. Carleton Parker 

William Russell Samuel Howard 

Samuel Dutton Nathaniel Chamberlain 

Joseph Chamberlain Daniel Chamberlain 

Henry Spaulding f True Copy, Attest. 

Ephraim Putnam, 3rd. I Nathan Wheeler, Town Clerk.* 

Thus was the town's quota of the one hundred thousand men 
required by the national government completed. At a subse- 
quent meeting, held Aug. 31, 1812, a vote passed, " to purchase 
for the Town's use 100 lbs. of powder, 2 cwt. of lead and 400 
flints." The selectmen were authorized to procure these, and 
also ' ' to call for the powder and ball in the hands of sundry per- 
sons " as by report of selectmen for 1796. Voted also, " to pur- 
chase six stand of arms for the use of the Town." 

Jan, 16, 1815 the town voted to make up the wages of each 
soldier, with what he received from the State and United States, 
to thirteen dollars a month ; and further voted to give two dol- 
lars a month to each additional. 

The men were sent to Portsmouth for the defense of the fort 
and the coast. They were under the command of Timothy Put- 
nam, who was soon made captain of the company raised from 
this military district, and was subsequently promoted to be 

Others enlisted at a later day, some for ninety and some for 
sixty days. Their names follow, in lists procured and forwarded 
by W. H. Grant, Esq., of St. Paul, Minn. 

Lyndeborough men who went to Portsmouth in 18 14 for three 
months, with date of muster, t 


Timothy Putnam Captain Sept. 10, 1814 

David Putnam Sergeant " " 

William Boutwell Private " '* 

John Cram " " " 

Benjamin Putnam " << » 
John Russell " 
William Russell 

•T. Rs., III. p. 187. t Lists by Hon. W. H. Grant ; source not given. 


Tyler Town Private Sept. 10, 1814 

Ephraim Woodward " " " 

Jacob Butler " " " 

IvConard Putnam Waiter " " 


For Sixty Days. 

William Gregg (not of Lyndeboro) Captain Sept. 27, 1814 

John Beasom Musician " " 

Joseph Chamberlain Private " " 

Asa Chamberlain " n << 

Francis Dunckley " " " 

Moses Pearson " << «. 

Ebenezer Russell " " " 

William Richardson " •' " 

John Sargent " " " '« 


So far as present knowledge extends, but one native of our 
town took part in the Mexican War. He is mentioned in a 
letter written by his sister, Mrs. Hannah Vose (Cram) Draper 
of Boston, to Mr. David C. Grant. The soldier's name was 
Hiram Cram, a sou of Benjamin and Polly (Vose) Cram, born 
in lyyndeborough, Nov. 3, 1818. He was a brother of the late 
Daniel Cram, one of the contractors on the building of the 
railroad through our town. Unable to give his full record as a 
soldier, I think Mrs. Draper's narrative credible and worthy of 
a place in our military traditions, and hence copy it. 

** An incident in Hiram Cram's Mexican life was related to 
us by one of his comrades in arms. Hiram was a very quiet 
man, always minding his own business, and was a great suf- 
ferer from phthisic. The bully of the regiment, not knowing 
the Cram spirit that would not bear imposition, and not reckon- 
ing on the nervous strength the invalid possessed when excited, 
thought him a good subject for his brutal sport, and got soundly 
whipped in consequence of attacking him. The subdued bully 
ceased to annoy the peaceable men of the regiment, and 
Hiram became a general favorite in return for the service 
rendered them." 



The foregoing military record makes it plain that New 
Hampshire has been an active partner in national emer- 
gencies. Her sons have been conspicuous in all the great con- 
flicts through which the country has passed. She had her 
representatives at lycxington and Concord, and rendered mem- 
orable service under Stark and Reed at Bunker Hill. In the 
latter fight, seventeen hundred of her sons and more took part. 
Through all the war for independence, none were braver than 
they. For the honor of the nation, they have always been 
bold, alert and active. The Civil War affords special proof of 

In the latter, as well as in all the rest, Lyndeborough partici- 
pated. At a legal meeting of the town, Oct. 26, 1861, the 
town voted, " To raise money to aid the families of volunteers ; " 
and instructed the selectmen " to borrow a sum of money not to 
exceed $1,000, to be so expended, agreeable to a law passed in 
June, 1861, and approved July 4, 1861. "* 

On Aug. 12, 1862, the town voted, "to authorize the Select- 
men to borrow a sum of money not to exceed $4,000, and to 
appropriate the same to encourage voluntary enlistments in the 
United States Service, either military or naval ; and that they 
be directed to pay to every volunteer resident of this Town who 
enlists previous to the first day of Sept., 1862, for the term 
of three years or during the war, the sum of One Hundred 
Dollars, when mustered into the U. S. Service ; and to every 
one who may enlist for the term of nine months ageeably to the 
call of the President, (of Aug. 4) they are directed to pay the 
sum of $100, whenever such person shall have been accepted 
and mustered into the U. S. Service."! 

Again, on the second Tuesday in March, 1863, the town 
voted to appropriate $1,500 for the aid of the families and de- 
pendents of volunteers, agreeably to an act of the I,egislature, 
and that the Selectmen appropriate the same."! 

Tuesday, Aug. 11, 1863, the town voted to appropriate a 
sum of money ' ' not exceeding One Thousand Dollars for the 

*Town Records, Vol. VI, pp. 89 and 90. Names of tnany enlisted men are found in 
the same volume, p. 104. 

tT. Records, Vol. VI.,' p. 149. J T. Records, Vol. VI, p. 175. 



purpose of aiding dependents and families of drafted men or 
their substitutes who may be mustered into the U. S. Service, 
and that the Selectmen be authorized to borrow and pay out 
the same."* 

On the 31st of March, 1864, the town voted " to raise a sum 
of money not exceeding $6,000, to be appropriated in procuring 
volunteers to fill the quota of the town, under the present call 
of the President of the U. S. for two hundred thousand men, 
and also to fill any subsequent call that may be made during 
the year ; and that the Selectmen are also hereby authorized to 
borrow the same." t 

At a legal meeting held Aug. 12, 1864, it was voted "that 
the Selectmen be instructed to fill the quota of the town of 
Lyndeborough, under the call of the President, issued on the 
i8th of July, 1864, for five hundred thousand men. ist. By 
procuring a substitute for three years, for any enrolled man, 
whenever said enrolled man shall pay the town the sum of two 
hundred dollars ; or 2nd, by procuring volunteers for said 
town, if they can so act legally." It was further voted, "that 
the sum of twenty thousand dollars be and hereby is appro- 
priated for the purpose of filling all present and future quotas 
for the year ; and that the Selectmen be hereby authorized to 
borrow a sufficient sum of money to carry the above votes into 
effect."! At an adjourned session of this meeting held Aug. 27, 
1864, the town instructed the Selectmen "to fill the quota of 
this town by paying volunteer citizens of the town for one year, 
a sum not exceeding one thousand dollars to each person." || 

Again, at the adjournment of the annual town meeting 
March 15, 1865, the selectmen were authorized " to pay to each 
enrolled or drafted man who had put in a substitute, a sum 
equal to the sum actually paid by said principal to his substi- 
tute ; provided said sum of money thus paid does not exceed 
three hundred dollars ; and provided further, that the Select- 
men shall carry this vote into effect, if upon taking counsel 
they shall find that said payment bj' the town be legal ; other- 
wise, this vote shall be of no effect." § 

' ' Voted that the sum of Six thousand dollars be appropriated 
for the purpose of paying principals who have put in substitutes 
agreeable to the above vote, and that the Selectmen be author- 
ized to borrow the same." 

*T. Records, Vol. VI, p. 200. tT. Records, Vol. VI, p. 232. 

XT. Records, Vol. VI, p. 245. || T. Records, Vol. VI, p. 247, 

§T. Records, Vol. VI, p. 268. 


"Voted, that the Selectmen be authorized to pay all citizens 
of this town who have served or may serve in the United States 
Army and counted on the quota of this town, the sum of eight 
dollars per month for the time of actual service, or in the case 
of the death of the soldier, to his wife and orphan children, 
father or mother, provided that all persons who have received a 
town bounty of that amount shall not be included ; provided 
also, that the same may be paid legally."* 

The foregoing votes seem to include the direct action taken 
by the town in relation to the war. The town has no cause to 
be ashamed of its war record. The list of those who were 
mustered into the service of the United States, as credited to 
Lyndeborough, follows : 


First Regiment, New Hampshire Volunteer Infantry. 
Mason W. Tappen, Colonel. 

The service of this regiment was with the Army of the Potomac in 

Asher Curtis, private; enlisted Apr. 22, 1861 ; discharged Aug. 9, 1861. 
Hiram F. Curtis, private ; enlisted Apr. 26, 1861 ; discharged Aug. 9, 

William R. Dunklee, private; enlisted Apr. 22, 1861 ; discharged Aug. 

9, 1861. 
Martin Hale, private; enlisted Apr. 22, 1861 ; discharged Aug. 9, 1861. 
William Ivangdell, private; enlisted Apr. 22, 1861 ; discharged Aug. 9, 

1861 ; re-enlisted in regular army. 
Harvey M. Newton, private ; enlisted Apr. 21, 1861 ; discharged Aug. 9, 
186 1. 
William H. Ordway, private ; enlisted Apr. 20, 1861 ; discharged Aug. 9, 

1861 ; re-enlisted several times. 
Hiram M. Tarbell, private ; enlisted Apr. 22, 1861 ; discharged Aug. 9, 

1861 ; re-enlisted in Eighth Regiment. 

Second Regiment, New Hampshire Volunteer Infantry. 
Oilman Marston, Colonel. 
The service of this regiment was with the Army of the Potomac in Vir- 

Harvey Holt, private ; enlisted May 9, 1861 ; was detailed as a sapper and 
miner at the first battle of Bull Run, July 21, 1861 ; was killed at 
that battle by a bursting shell, being the first man from New Hamp- 
shire killed in the war. 
John A. Hartshorn, corporal; enlisted May 20, 1861 ; killed May 5, 1862, 

at Williamsburg, Va. 
James M. Wellman, private ; enlisted May 25, 1861 ; discharged Jan. 30, 

*T. Records, Vol. VI, p. 269. 


Arthur P. Smith, private ; enlisted May 21, 1861 ; rlischargecl Aug. 9, 

William Davis (substitute for John Bradford), private; enlisted Oct. 3, 

1864 ; discharged Dec. 19, 1865. 

Fourth Regiment, New Hampshire Volunteer Infantry. 
Thomas Whipple, Colonel. 
The service of this regiment was in Gen. Q. A. Gilmore's command. 
Edward K. Marsh, private ; enlisted Aug. 14, 1861 ; discharged for disa- 
bility Jan. 31, 1862. 
George Randell (substitute), private; enlisted Oct. 15, 1863; wounded 

Jan. 15, 1865 at Fort Fisher, N. C; discharged June 22, 1865. 
John Sheppard (substitute), private; enlisted Sept. 1,1863; deserted 
Nov. 14, 1864. 

Fifth Regiment, New Hampshire Volunteer Infantry. 
Edward E. Cross, Colonel. 
The service of this regiment was with the Army of the Potomac in 

Frederick S. Manning, private; enlisted Sept. 25, 1861 ; wounded Dec. 
13, 1862 at Fredericksburg, Va.; killed at the battle of Gettysburg, 
Pa., July 2, 1863. 
John H. Stephenson, private ; enlisted Aug. 24, 1861 ; wounded at Fred 

ericksburg, Va., Dec. 13, 1862; discharged Oct. 11, 1864. 
Jesse Munroe (substitute), sergeant; enlisted Sept. i, 1863 ; wounded at 

Cold Harbor, Va., June 3, 1864; discharged June 28, 1865. 
Daniel Finning (substitute for Otis Perham), private ; enlisted Sept. 9, 

1864 ; deserted Oct. 12, 1864. 
Henry Campbell (substitute), private ; enlisted Oct. 15, 1863 ; discharged 
June 9, 1865. 

Seventh Regiment, New Hampshire Volunteer Infantry. 
Haldimand S. Putnam, Colonel. 
John Gallden (substitute for Fred A. Richardson), private; enlisted 
Sept. 26, 1864; discharged July 20, 1865. 

Eighth Regiment, New Hampshire Volunteer Infantry. 
Hawkes Fearing, Colonel. 
The service of this regiment was in the department of the Gulf. 
Joseph Blanchard, corporal ; enlisted Oct. 19, 1861 ; discharged Jan. 18, 

Charles Campbell, private ; enlisted Oct. i, 1864 ; no date of discharge. 

David J. Carkin, private; enlisted Oct. 25, 1861 ; discharged Dec. 19. 

Azro D. Cram, sergeant ; enlisted Oct. 19, 1861 ; wounded at Port Hudson 

June 14, 1863; taken prisoner at Brashier City, La., in Oct., 1863; 

exchanged at Brashier City ; discharged for wounds Nov. 28, 1863. 
John B. Dolliver, private; enlisted Oct. 12, 186 1 ; wounded severely at 

Moreauville, La., May 14, 1864; discharged Jan. 18, 1865. 
Jotham P. Draper, private ; enlisted Oct. 21, 1861 ; died in hospital at 

Baton Rouge, La., June 14, 1863. 


George, R. Follansbee, private; enlisted Oct. 12, 1861; died of disease 

Apr. 30, 1862. 
George E. Green, private ; enlisted Oct. 10, 1861 ; re-enlisted Jan. 4, 1864 ; 

deserted Mar. 18, 1864. 
Benjamin Harris, private; enlisted Dec. 9, 1863; no record of discharge- 
L,. Nathan Hodgman, private ; enlisted Oct. 21, 1861 ; wounded at Port 

Hudson, La., May 27, 1863; died on the way home, Jan. 9, 1865. 
Andrew J. Marshall, private; enlisted Oct. 23, 1861 ; discharged Dec. 19. 

Hugh Maguire (recruit); enlisted Oct, i, 1864; discharged Oct. 28, 1865, 
John Morgan (recruit) ; enlisted Oct. i, 1864 ; no date of discharge. 
Edward O'Connor (recruit) ; enlisted Oct. 3, 1864; no date of discharge. 
William H. Ordway, private ; enlisted Oct. 26, 1861 : discharged Apr. 10, 

1862, for disability. 
George Pratt, private; enlisted Nov. 27, 1861 ; discharged Jan. 18, 1865. 
Edward P. Ross, corporal ; enlisted Oct. 12, 1861 ; killed at Port Hudson, 

L,a., June 14, 1863. 
Lewis W. Smith, private ; enlisted Oct. 26, 1861 ; discharged for disa- 
bility June 5, 1863. 
Hiram M. Tarbell, sergeant; enlisted Oct. 13, 1861 ; discharged Jan. 2, 

George E. Winn, corporal ; enlisted Nov. 19, 1861 ; appointed sergeant 

Dec. 14, 1863 ; re-enlisted ; appointed first sergeant Mar. 14, 1864 ; 

discharged Jan. 2, 1865. 
Seth Preston, private; enlisted Oct. 2, 1861 ; promoted to corporal Aug. 

I, 1863, and to sergeant Dec. 16, 1863; re-enlisted; wounded at Port 

Hudson, La., June 14, 1863 ; discharged Oct. 28, 1865. 
Albert S. Conant, private; enlisted Oct. 12, 1861 ; promoted to corporal 

Dec. 16, 1863, and to sergeant Jan. i, 1864; taken prisoner June 20, 

1863 ; exchanged Oct. 20, 1S63 ; wounded May 14, 1864, at Moreau- 

ville, La.; discharged Jan. 18, 1S65. 

Ninth Regiment, New Hampshire Volunteer Infantry. 
Enoch O. Fellows, Colonel. 

The service of this regiment was in the Department of the Ohio. 
William P. Joslin, private ; enlisted July 21, 1862 ; deserted Sept. 7, 1862. 
Edward K. Marsh, corporal ; enlisted July 10, 1862 ; deserted Sept. 9, 

Tenth Regiment, New Hampshire Volunteer Infantry. 
Michael T. Donahue, Colonel. 

The service of this regiment was with the Army of the Potomac. 
Joseph Reon (substitute for Jason Holt), private ; enlisted Aug. 19, 1863 ; 
wounded at Petersburg, Va., June 16, 1864 ; discharged Nov. 19, 1864. 

Eleventh Regiment, New Hampshire Volunteer Infantry. 
Walter Harriman, Colonel. 
Service with the Army of the Potomac. 
Howard B. Ames, private; enlisted Aug. 13, 1862; discharged June 4, 


lyouis Bruno (substitute), private ; enlisted Sept. 2, 1863 ; discharged for 
disability May i, 1865; wounded severely May ra, 1864, at Spottsyl- 
vania, Va. 

Thirteenth Regiment, New Hampshire Volunteer Infantry. 
Aaron F. Stevens, Colonel. 

Service with the Army of the Potomac. 

Benjamin J. Boutwell, corporal; enlisted Aug. 16, 1862; discharged May 
20, 1863. 

Nathan B. Boutwell, private; enlisted Aug. 29, 1862: appointed second 
lieutenant Sept. 27, 1862; appointed adjutant Mar. 24, 1863; wounded 
severely June 15, 1864, at Battery 5, Petersburg, Va.; discharged for 
disability May 5, 1S65. 

William T. Boutwell, private ; enlisted Aug. 16, 1862; discharged June 
28, 1865. 

David E. Proctor, private ; enlisted Aug. 14, 1862 ; appointed corporal 
Mar. 12, 1863; appointed sergeant Jan. i, 1864; was commissioned 
captain in the 30th Regiment, U. S. Colored Troops, Colonel Delevan 
Bates ; he was discharged Mar. i, 1864, to accept this promotion. 
(See U. S. Colored Troops.) 

George T. Woodward, private ; enlisted Aug. 13, 1862 ; promoted to cor- 
poral Mar. 12, 1863, and to sergeant June 10, 1863 ; was discharged 
Mar. I, 1864, to accept promotion in the 30th Regiment, U. S. Col- 
ored Troops ; was commissioned captain in that regiment Mar. 3, 
1864. (See U. S. Colored Troops.) 

Henry E. Spalding, private; enlisted Aug. 15, 1862; discharged for dis- 
ability May 20, 1863. (See Genealogy.) 

William Morris (substitute), private ; enlisted Sept. i, 1863 ; killed at 
Cold Harbor, Va., June i, 1864. 

Sixteenth Regiment, New Hampshire Volunteer Infantry. 
James Pike, Colonel. 

Service in the Department of the Gulf. 
Charles R. Bacon, private ; enlisted Sept. 13, 1S62 ; discharged Aug. 20, 

Richard J. Batten, private ; enlisted Sept. 15, 1862 ; discharged Aug. 20, 

William M. Blauchard, private ; enlisted Sept. 13, 1862; discharged Aug. 

20, 1863. 
George W. Bosworth, private; enlisted Oct. 10, 1862; commissioned cap- 
tain Nov. 4, 1862 ; discharged Aug. 20, 1863. (See 18th Regiment, 

N. H. V. I. 
Abram Boutwell, private; enlisted Sept. 6, 1862; discharged Aug. 20, 

James Boutwell, private; enlisted Sept. 6, 1862; died Aug. 15, 1863, 

while still in the service. 
John R. Butler, private ; enlisted Sept. 6, 1862 ; died in hospital at New 

Orleans, La., June 28, 1863. 
John C. Carkin, private ; enlisted Sept. 4, 1862 ; discharged Aug. 2o» 

1863 ; re-enlisted in ist N. H. Cavalry. 


Walter Chamberlain, private; enlisted Nov. ii, 1862; died at New Or- 
leans, La., May 7, 1863. 
Benjamin J. Clark, private; enlisted Sept. 6, 1862; discharged Aug. 20, 

Michael Ford, private ; enlisted Sept. 20, 1862 ; discharged for disability 

June 17, 1S63. 
John A. Franklin, private; enlisted Sept. 16, 1862 ; discharged Aug. 20, 

Nathan S. Harris, private; enlisted Sept. 13, 1862 ; detailed as wagoner; 

drowned on the way home in the Mississippi River Aug. 6, 1863. 
Andy Holt, corporal ; enlisted Sept. 15, 1862 ; promoted to sergeant Mar., 

1863 ; discharged Aug. 20, 1863. 
George T. Jones, corporal ; enlisted Sept. 6, 1862 ; promoted to sergeant ; 

discharged Aug. 20, 1863. 
John H. Karr, private ; enlisted Sept. 16, 1862 ; died at Vicksburg, Miss., 

Aug. 10, 1863. 
Joseph Mason, private; enlisted Sept. 5, 1862; discharged Aug. 20, 1863. 
John C. Ordway, corporal ; enlisted Sept. 25, 1862 ; discharged Aug. 20, 

William H. Ordway, private ; enlisted Oct. 31, 1862 ; discharged Aug. 20, 

Eben J. Palmer, corporal ; enlisted Sept. 11, 1862 ; died June 30, 1863, at 

Baton Rouge, La. 
George B. Raymond, private ; enlisted Oct. 8, 1862 ; discharged Aug. 20, 

William P. Steele, private ; enlisted Oct, 4, 1862 ; discharged Aug. 20, 


Eighteenth Regiment, New Hampshire Volunteer Infantry. 
Thomas Livermore, Colonel. 

Service in the Army of the Potomac. 

George W. Bosworth, private; enlisted Sept. 20, 1864; commissioned 
captain Oct. 13, 1864 ; discharged June 10, 1865. 

First New Hampshire Cavalry. 
John L. Thompson, Colonel. 

Service in the Army of the Potomac. 

James Anderson (substitute), private; enlisted Apr. 5, 1864; deserted. 

James G.Arnold (substitute), private ; enlisted Apr. 6, 1864; wounded 
severely at Kearneysville, Va., Aug. 25, 1864; discharged May 30, 

Austin Blood (substitute), private; enlisted Apr. 8, 1864; appointed cor- 
poral; wounded Nov. 12, 1864, at Middleton, Va.; died of wounds 
Nov. 15, 1864, at Winchester, Va. 

John C. Carkin, private; enlisted Mar. 10, 1865; discharged July 15, 

Charles Moore, private; enlisted Jan. i, 1864; no date of discharge. 

Rufus Orcutt, private ; enlisted Feb. 18, 1864 ; discharged July 15, 1865. 

Joseph Wetherbee, private; enlisted Feb. 16, 1864; appointed corporal 
May I, 1865 ; discharged July 15, 1865. 


First Company Heavy Artillery. 

Merrill T. Spalding, private ; enlisted July 22, 1863 ; discharged Sept. 
II, 1865. 

Veteran Reserve Corps. 

Cyrus Brackett (substitute), private; enlisted April 15, 1864; deserted. 
United States Colored Troops. 

David E. Proctor, captain ; commissioned Feb. 10, 1864 ; severely 
wounded Nov. 28, 1864, at Point of Rocks, Va. ; brevetted major 

March 13, 1865 ; discharged Dec. 10, 1865. At the celebrated Crater fight 
before Petersburg, Va. He is said to have been the first white soldier 
to enter the mine after the explosion. 

George T. Woodward, captain; enlisted March 3, 1864; wounded at 
the explosion of the mine at Petersburg, Va., July 30, 1864 ; brevet- 
ted major March 13, 1865 ; discharged Dec. 21, 1865. 

Adolphus Boyku (substitute), private ; enlisted Aug. 19, 1864 ; discharged 
Oct. 20, 1865. 

John W. Boone (substitute), private ; enlisted Sept. 22, 1864; discharged 
Oct. 31, 1865. 

Miscellaneous Organizations. 

Gorham B. Clark, private; enlisted Sept. i, 1862, in the 5th Mass. Regt; 
discharged July 2, 1863 ; enlisted March 26, 1864, in the U. S. Signal 
Corps ; died July 24, 1865. 

Everett E. Cram, private ; enlisted March 29, 1864, in U. S. Signal Corps; 
discharged Aug. 25, 1865. 

William Langdell, private ; enlisted Aug. 30, 1861, in Co. H, 14th U. S. 
Infantry; captured May 5, 1864, at the Wilderness, Va. ; died at the 
Andersonville Prison, Sept. 25, 1864. 

Jonathan H. Stephenson enlisted Sept. 9, 1861, in Co. H, 14th U. S. In- 
fantry ; discharged Aug. 30, 1864 ; died Dec. 27, 1864. 

John P. Raymond enlisted in U. S. Signal Corps, March 29, 1864 ; dis- 
charged Dec. 16, 1865. 

Otis Harwood in Mass. Regiment. 

William H. Ordway enlisted April 5, 1864, in 2nd Mass. Cavalry ; dis- 
charged May 8, 1865. 

United States Navy. 

Joseph Leacher, landsman ; enlisted June 25, 1864 ; discharged Oct. 25, 

George Powers (substitute); enlisted Sept. 23, 1864; deserted Sept. 28, 

John Price (substitute) ; enlisted Sept. 28, 1864; deserted Oct. 17, 1864. 

Henry Smith (substitute); enlisted Sept. 28, 1864; discharged Feb. i, 

William Teague, seaman ; enlisted Sept. 3, 1861 ; discharged Nov. 21, 

John Thompson, seaman ; enlisted Sept. 28, 1864 ; died in Hospital at 
New York, Feb. 6, 1865. 

Marine Corps. 
John Fox (substitute) ; enlisted Sept. 27, 1864; deserted Oct. 2, 1864. 



Robert Griffin (substitute); enlisted Feb. i, T865; discharged Feb. i, 

John Hartman, corporal; enlisted Dec. 31, 1864; deserted Jan. 20, 1865. 
Herman Wolf, drummer; enlisted Jan. 28, 1864; discharged Jan. 28, 1869. 

Lafayette Artillery Company 
Enlisted Aug, i, 1864; discharged Sept. 23, 1864; service at Fort Consti- 
tution, Portsmouth, N. H. 

(See History of the company in another chapter.) 


Joel H. Tarbell, Captain 
Eli C. Curtis, ist Lieut. 
Charles H. Holt, 2nd Lieut. 
John Gage, ist Sergeant 
Abner K. Lewis, Sergeant 
Benjamin G. Herrick, Sergeant 
Edwin Patch, Sergeant 
William N. Ryerson, Sergeant 

Andy Holt, Corporal 
Charles F. Tarbell, Corporal 
Edwin H. Putnam, Corporal 
Stephen P. Holt, Corporal 
William J. Herrick, Corporal 
Samuel S. Cummings, Corporal 
Moses C. Fuller, Corporal 
John C. Carkin, Corporal 

Calvin A. Abbott 
Oliver H. Bixby 
Ward N. Cheever 
Benjamin J. Clark 
Charles W. Conant 
Orrin N. Cram 
Asher Curtis 
Hiram F. Curtis 
Alvin Dean 
David S. Draper 
Elverton G. W. Duncklee 
Alfred T. Ford 
John H. Goodrich 
Levi P. Hadley 
Samuel N. Hartshorn 
Benjamin F. Holt 
Jason Holt 
Charles L. Hubbard 
Alvin J. Ford 

William F. Barrett, Drummer. 


Isaac Lowe 

George W. Parker 
George B. Raymond 
Orrin P. Russell 
Jotham S. Stephenson 
Amos P. Swinnington 
William W. Woods 
Charles Young 
Lafayette Herrick 
George W. Holt 
Albert J. Kidder 
Edmund J. Parker 
Eleazer Putnam 
Fred A. Richardson 
William P. Steele 
William R. Stephenson 
Samuel E. Swinnington 
Alfred C. Woodward 
George W. Young 

THE soldiers' MONUMENT. 

The first soldier named on this monument deserves more 
than a passing notice ; for the reason that he was not only the 
first man from our town to fall as a victim of our Civil War, 
but he was also the first soldier from our state to die for the 
preservation of the union. Harvey Holt was killed in the first 
battle of Bull Run by a fragment of a shell which exploded 
near him while he was in the heat of the conflict. When the 
Grand Army of the Republic organized a Post here, it took the 


name of Harvey Holt Post, No. 15, of the G. A. R., in his 

This Post in 187 1 voted to place all its surplus funds at inter- 
est with the view of procuring a soldiers' monument. By the 
aid of an appropriation of $250 from the town and the money 
raised by the members the monument was erected in 1879, 
and stands near the highway at the South Cemetery, an honor 
both to the living and the dead. Upon it are inscribed the 
names of all Lyndeborough soldiers who fell in the conflict and 
whose dust reposes under the sunny skies of a now united 


1. Harvey Hclt, Co. I, 2nd Regt., N. H. V. Killed at first battle of Bull 

Run, July 21, 1861. 

2. George R. Follansbee, Co. B, 8th Regt., N. H. V. Died of disease at 

Ship Island, Miss., May i, 1862. 

3. Corp. John A. Hartshorn, Co. G, 2nd Regt., N. H. V. Killed at 

Williamsburg, Va., May 5, 1862. 

4. Walter Chamberlain, Co. G, i6th Regt., N. H. V. Died of disease at 

New Orleans, I^a., May 7, 1863. 


5. Frederick S. Manning, Co. I, 5th Regt., N. H. V. Killed at Gettys- 

burgh, Pa., July 2, 1863. 

6. Nathan S. Harris, Co. G, i6th Regt., N. H. V. Drowned near mouth 

of White River, Ark., Aug. 6, 1863. 

7. John H. Karr, Co. G, i6th Regt., N. H. V. Died of disease at Vicks- 

burg, Miss., Aug. 10, 1863. 

8. Corp. Austin Blood, Troop C, ist N. H. V. Cavalry. Died of wounds 

at Winchester, Va., Dec. 10, 1864. 

9. Elnathan Hodgman, Co. E, 8th Regt., N. H. V. Died of disease at 

Baton Rouge, La., Jan. 9, 1865. 


10. Edward P. Ross, Co. B, 8th Regt., N. H. V. Killed at Port Hudson, 

La., June 14, 1863. 

11. Jotham P. Draper, Co. E, 8th Regt., N. H. V. Died of disease at 

Baton Rouge, La., May 16, 1863. 

12. John R. Butler, Co. G, i6th Regt., N. H. V. Died of disease at New 

Orleans, La., June 28, 1863. 

13. Corp. Eben J. Palmer, Co. G, i6th Regt., N. H. V. Died at Baton 

Rouge, La. , June 30, 1863. 

14. Sergt. William Langdell, Co. A, 14th U. S. Infantry, Died in An- 

dersonville prison, Ga., Sept. 25, 1864. 



In a review of the financial condition of the town, the year 
after the close of the Civil War, the selectmen made the follow- 
ing statements : 

" The whole number of men furnished by the town, not in- 
cluding the ninety days' men at Portsmouth, is one hundred 
and ten. The amount of Town bounties paid, including the 
$1,375 paid in 1863 for men who were not credited, is $17,140.00. 
The amount paid by individuals for substitutes is $5,090.00." 

' ' We believe the war expenses of the town below the aver- 
age of the towns in the State, in proportion to the number of 
men furnished." "Will it not, then, be good policy for us to 
pay a part of the Town debt the present year ? We hope every 
tax payer will feel a deep interest in the prosperity of the Town, 
and act accordingly." 

The votes of the town certainly indicate a readiness to be 
liberal with the soldiers and to borrow funds to assist any 
dependents who might be in circumstances of need. The 
agents of the town, after the war was over, turned the attention 
of their fellow citizens to an immediate effort to reduce their debt. 
These points cannot fail to be viewed as commendable. Honor 
to whom honor is due ! 


I/Yndeborough's Contributions to Other Towns, 

From military afiairs we turn back to give a brief account of 
the later changes in boundary lines. 

It was previously shown that a large tract of the old township, 
Salem-Canada, was cut off in order to form township No. 2, now 
Wilton. ' 'This was the most unkindest cut of all, ' ' in the opinion 
of the old inhabitants of our town, for it began, in 1749, a series 
excisions which are unpleasant to recall. To atone, as it were, 
for the land cut off on the south side, there was added an equal 
quantity on the north side ; but although the acreage may have 
been made equal, "the new agreed not with the old," and in 
time trouble ensued. By means of this addition, our old town 
extended as far north as what is now Greenfield village, and the 
added tract was called " The Lyndeborough Addition."* 

Two years later, in 1751, if its chartered measurements are to 
be trusted. New Boston received 2,700 acres out of this addi- 
tion. This, with other territory further north, constituted the 
" New Boston Addition," which formed the main part of Fran- 
cestown at the date of its incorporation, June 8, 1772. 

But even after the incorporation of this large tract into New 
Boston first, and afterwards into Francestown, there still re- 
mained a large strip of the original " Lyndeborough Addition," 
at the northwest corner of the town. The addition was made 
while our town was yet Salem-Canada. But in 1753 the name 
was changed to Lyndeborough, covering both the remainder of 
Salem-Canada and its addition. 

The town continued thus till the war for independence was in 
full progress. During this war an annoying petition came from 
the inhabitants of " Parsonses Corner," so-called, requesting to 
be set off to " Duxbury School Farm," in order to make up a 
town. Lyndeborough was notified by the legislature of their 
request, and directed to show reasons, if any they had, why this 
should not be done.f The town voted to oppose the petition, 
and chose Capt. Levi Spaulding to present objections to the Gen- 

*Batch., XXV, pp. 358, 360. Francestown History, pp. lo, ii. Cf. also, Batch., XXVIH, 
pp. 58, 71, with XXIV, p. 175, and XXVII, pp. 408, 410. 

tSee Hammond, XII, pp. 519 to 521. 


eral Court. The objections prevailed, and in Hammond's words, 
" The project did not succeed." 

But the Revohitionary War had scarcely closed before the town 
was requested by citizens in the northwest part of Lyndeborough 
in Sept., 1783, that thej^ might be set off in order to form a new 
town. The town voted to dismiss the subject. But at the No- 
vember meeting in 1783 the request was urgently repeated, and 
then a vote passed that the northwest part of the town be set off 
according to the plan exhibited. It was carried by the petition- 
ers only. They next petitioned the legislature to be set off as a 
town, and the legislature notified Lyndeborough to present rea- 
sons, if any there were, why it should not be done. The town 
decided to assign reasons against the request, and for this pur- 
pose chose Capt. Levi Spaulding, Ephraim Putnam and Major 
Peter Clark as their committee. The reasons were assigned 
and strongly expressed. The}^ were, briefly : — * 

1. To set off the N. W. corner of the town as proposed, would leave 
the town in such shape that it could not be supposed long to exist as a 

2. Separation as requested would make the maintenance of the gospel 
very burthensome to the remaining people of the town. 

3. The town had borne its part with patriotic zeal and fortitude in a 
long and distressing war, from which it was still suffering. Its people 
regarded the General Court as the guardian of their civic interests, and 
now desired from it protection, in every proper way, from unnecessary 
and hurtful division and expense, at least, until they have more fully dis- 
charged their proportion of the public Debt. 

These reasons were subscribed to by the selectmen and fifty- 
one others, under date of Dec. 12, 1783. 

But the petitioners were persistent, and the next year, agree- 
able to an order of the Senate and House of Representatives, the 
Town of Lyndeborough presented an earnest remonstrance 
against granting their desire, and gave their reasons. They 
stated that : — t 

As to the Town of Ivyndeborough being very large, as is set forth by 
the petitioners, it was at first laid out but six miles square, except a 
little corner that New Boston took off on the North East. Afterwards a 
large piece was taken off from the South part and added to Wilton by 
Joseph Blanchard Esq., agent for the Masonian Proprietors, which was a 
great dammage to this town. For the piece that was added on the north, 
in lieu of it, we cannot expect to hold when they request to be set off to 
Francestown, it being but about a mile from Francestown meetinghouse. 
* * * The Southeast part of this Town by Reason of their distance 
from the meetinghouse petitioned the General Court in 1779, to be taken 

* Hammond, XII, pp. 511, 512. t lb., p. 513. 


off, and together with Duxbury School Farm and part of Amherst to be 
incorporated (into) a distinct town by themselves. But the Honorable 
Court viewing the plan of this town and considering its circumstances re- 
solved that the request ought not to be granted. 

As to the present petition before the Honorable Court, their request 
appears to us so extravagant & unreasonable that it is a matter of won- 
der to us that men so zealous for the public worship as the petitioners 
express themselves, should so fail in the second branch of Duty, viz. 
Love to their neighbor. For it appears to us that their petition cannot 
be granted without the destruction and annihilation of the town as your 
Honors may see by the plan of that part of the town that will be left. 
The true state of the matter will we trust appear so plain by the plans 
exhibited, * * * & what may be said on the day of hearing, that 
we humbly refer the matter to your wise consideration & paternal care 
of us trusting that it will be settled agreeable to Justice & Equity. 

Permit us further to add that we could wish to accommodate the own- 
ers & few inhabitants of said Slip of Land agreeable to their plan & 
make that the centre of a fine town bounded out as they please, could it 
be done without so great expence as the ruin of this town. Likewise we 
think & take it to be the minds of the town & that they are heartily will- 
ing to allow to their brethren the petitioners that belong to this town, a 
full equality of privilege as to the place of meeting by moving the meet- 
inghouse to the Center or some other way that* may be thought best. 
But we cannot be reconciled to the thought of having the town torn to 
pieces according to the request of the petitioners. Therefore it is the 
prayer of this Town that the prayer of the petitioners may not be 
granted, for which the Town of Lyndeborough as in duty bound will ever 
pray. Signed by, 

Levi Spaulding "| Committee in 
Ephraim Putnam j- behalf of the Town 
Peter Clark J of Lyndeborough. 

Ill response to this petition and remonstrance, the General 
Court appointed a committee to consider the situation, and con- 
fer with committees appointed by both the town and the petition- 
ers. The committee from the legislature advised compromise and 
concession, for the present, at least. The other committees con- 
ferred together, and arranged terms of agreement for five years, 
which terms are given in the report of the committee for the 
town as follows : — * 


We the subscribers being a committee chosen by the Town to consult 
with the petitioners in the Northwest part of the town with regard to 
an accommodation agreeable to the advice of a committee from the Gen- 
eral Court, upon considering the matter on all hands think proper that 
the town make the petitioners the following offers, (viz.) that our Rev- 
erend Pastor go to preach with the petitioners four Sabbaths out of five of 
what money the said petitioners pay towards the yearly support of the 

*T. Rs. II, p. 133. 


gospel in this Town. (They) shall draw in proportion to the yearly sal- 
ary for the term of three years from the 7th. day of September, 1785. The 
Sabbaths the preaching is with the petitioners to (be) equally divided 
through the year, and the meeting to be held in the centre of the peti- 
tioners (or as near as may be with conveuiency) provided the petitioners 
shall remain with the town as they are at present for the above said term. 
Ivyndeborough, Feb. 2, 1785. 

Ephraim Putnam \ 

Jonas Kidder \ Committee. 

Ivcvi Spaulding J 

This report was read and accepted at an adjourned meeting 
of the town on the first Wednesday in February, 1785. 

The matter was thus set temporarily at rest. The agreement 
appears to have been faithfully kept. 

But at the end of the specified five years, the "northwestern 
part of the town again -showed great activity. The record of 
the town meeting, Feb. i, 1790, is, in part, as follows : — 

First, Chose Dr. Benjamin Jones Moderator. 

Secondly. After reading the petitions presented to the town by the 
Northwestern part of this town, also part of the inhabitants of the Society 
Land, also the Inhabitants of Lyudeborough Slip, after considering of 
the several Petitions, Voted to choose a committee to consist of seven 
(viz) Levi Spaulding Esq., Dr. Benjamin Jones, Benjamin Killam, Peter 
Clark, Lieut. Amos Whittemore, Joseph Herrick, John Reynolds, com- 
mittee to consider the Petitions, & report to the town at an adjourned 
meeting what ought to be done respecting them, the meeting adjourned 
to the first Tuesday in March next at one of the clock in the afternoon. 

When reassembled the first Tuesday in March, the committee finding 
the impropriety of their choice made report nothing done. 

Voted, to choose a committee of three to consider the situation & re- 
port what they think right & just to do. Levi Spaulding, Nehemiah 
Rand Esq., & Peter Clark were chosen the Committee ; & the meet- 
ing adjourned to the first Tuesday in April. 

Met according to adjournment. Heard the report of the committee ; 
which follows : 

To the inhabitants of the Town of Lyndeborough in Town-meeting as- 
sembled on the sixth day of April 1790. 

"We your committee chosen to take into consideration the several Peti- 
tions now lying before the town by several inhabitants signed, request- 
ing to be set from the town and annexed elsewhere. 

Beg leave to report. That having taken said Petitions severally with 
the several petitioners into our consideration as also the situation & 
circumstances of the remaining part of the Town with its inhabitants, 
are fully satisfied it will not by any means be for the benefit & welfare 
of tlie Town to grant the Petition of the West or Northwest part of this 
Town in full at this present conjuncture of time. 

With respect to the Petition of such as would wish to be annexed to 
& incorporated with the Society & Gore into a town, we say that 
their being voted off in full, according to the limits in said Petition set 


forth, would leave the remaining inhabitants under very unhappy cir- 
cumstances indeed |& open a door for such unhappy differences too 
plain to discernment of every one. However, as we are willing to gratify 
the petitioners so far as may reasonably comport with the conveniency of 
the old Town, according to situation of the meetinghouse & other cir- 
cumstances, we think it may be advisable for the town to vote off the two 
tier of which is called the Lord Proprietors Lots, on the West side of the 
Town which will gratify Benjamin Killam & others in full & the 
other petitioners of the Society & Gore & this Town in part.* As to 
the Petition of a number of the inhabitants who request to be set off to & 
annexed to Francestown, we advise that if in case the whole of the peti- 
tioners on the West side of the town will accept of & be easy with the 
two tier of Lots aforesaid, t that the prayer of their petition be granted, 
& not otherwise at the present. 

All of which is humbly submitted by your committee. 

A true copy, attested pr. Ephraim Putnam, T. Clerk. 

The above report was accepted by vote of the town at its 
meeting, Apr. 6, 1790.! 

But the petitioners renewed their appeal to the General Court, 
and in response a committee of the Court was appointed at its 
session in June, 1790, to consider the petition of the inhabitants 
of the northwesterly part of Lyndeborough, etc., and to view 
their situation and report thereon. The report favored their in- 
corporation, according to a description printed in Hammond's 
Town Papers, Vol. XII, pp. 528, 529. 

The town opposed the separation as proposed by the report. 
By way of remonstrance against it, they forwarded to the legis- 
lature a record of the proceedings of their town meeting in re- 
gard to it, as follows : — 

To the Honorable the Senate & House of Representatives in & for the 
State of New Hampshire. 

The Memorial of the Town of Lyndeborough humbly Sheweth. 

Agreeable to the Order of the Honorable Senate & House of Repre- 
sentatives upon a petition preferred to them last June by a Number of 
the Inhabitants of the Westerly part of this Town and Others, praying to 
be Set off from this Town & Incorporated into a Town by themselves. 

The Town at their Meeting on the 27 Day of December Instant took 
the Matter into their Consideration agreeable to an Article in the war- 
rant for said Meeting & Voted as follows (viz). 

i*y. That it appears Evident to us that if More of this Town Should 
be Set off to the Petitioners than we Voted to them at a Meeting of this 
Town last April it will Intirel}' break up the Town & that it Cannot Sub- 
sist as Such, after So large a part of it is taken off. 

* See Plan in Batch. XXVn, p. 410. t That is, the two tier joined to Francestown. 
JT. Rs., II, p. 201. 


2*y. Therefore Voter! that the Prayer of this Town be presented to the 
Honorable Court at their next Sessions at Concord on the first Wednes- 
day of January next by our Member in Said Court, praying that the 
prayer of the Petitioners may not be granted, farther than this Town 
Voted them at the aforesaid Meeting 

3'y. Voted that in Case the Honorable Courts Committee Should Re- 
port different from the aforesaid Vote of this Town, or Report that more 
of said Town be Set off to Said Petitioners than Said Town have Voted, 
& if the Reasons that may be Offered Should not be Sufficient to Con- 
vince the Honorable Court that this Town have Voted off to the Peti- 
tioners as much of said Town as is Consistent with Reason & Justice, 
then Voted to pray the Honorable Court to grant us a Committee upon 
the Expence of the Town to take a View of that part of Said Town 
Called the Old Town, that the Situation of the whole Town with all the 
Circumstances that attend it may be taken into Consideration, as the late 
Honorable Committee by the Order of the Honorable Court were Con- 
fined to View the Sitiiations of the Petitioners only. 

4'y. Chose Peter Clark I^evi Spaulding Esq., & Lieut. Jeremiah Carle- 
ton a Committee to Assign Reasons to the Hon' Court why the prayer of 
the Petitioners Should not be Granted. 

A true Copy of the Vote of the Town of L,yndeborough at their Meet- 
ing aforesaid 

Attest pr Ephraim Putnam Town Clerk 

Agreeable to the foregoing Vote the aforesaid Committee beg leave to 
Inform the Honorable Court of the Difficulties & perplexityes (like the 
present) that have attended the Town of Lyndeborough in years past, as, 
also, the present Circumstances — and the Consequences that will follow, 
Should the prayer of the present Petitioners be granted. 

And in the first place as to the Town being Very large as Set forth in 
the present petition, it was laid ovit Six Miles Square Except at the 
North East Corner where New Boston Corner Came in about two miles 
Said New Boston holding its Square Corner being the prior grant, after- 
wards there was a large part of this Town taken off & added to Wilton 
as may be Seen by the Plan of Lyndeborough which was a great Dam- 
mage to this Town, for the Land Added on the west & North did by no 
Means Compensate for what was taken off by Wilton, for the Addition 
on the North lay So in with Francestown that they were Very Sure of 
having it annexed to them Sooner or later, accordingly Francestown Set 
their Meeting House within about one Mile of Said Addition, & in the 
Year 1777 Petitioned the Town of Lyndeborough to have the Said Addi- 
tion Set off to them, which the Town of Dyndeborough then Refused to 
do — however the Land then not having many Inhabitants Settled upon 
it, & Francestown being Very Sure that when it had, they would be for 
Coming to them, let the Matter Rest until last Spring. 

Likewise Duxbery School Farm with part of Amherst & the Inhabi- 
tants on the South East part of this Town the year 1777 petitioned the 
Town of Lyndeborough & also the General Court to be Incorporated 
into a Town by them Selves, but the Honorable Court Viewing the 
Cituation of Lyndeborough Resolved that the prayer of Said petition 
Ought not to be granted. 


The Town then had Rest from an Invasion until the Year 1784 when 
Lyndeborough Slip So Called & Some of the Inhabitants of the westerly 
part of this Town Petitioned the Town, also the General Court, to be set 
off by the Same lines the present petition Sets forth, & they had a Com- 
mittee from the General Court, who after viewing the Situation of the 
Town Reported Unanimously that the prayer of Said Petition be not 

thus Matters Rested untill last Spring at which time the Inhabitants 
that were Settled on the four Lots in the Southwest Corner of this Town 
petitioned to be Set off to Temple likewise the present Petitioners to be 
Set off by the Same lines as heretofore as may appear by their petition 
now before the Honorable Court —likewise the Inhabitants on the before 
Mentioned part of this Town lying next to Francestown, again Petitioned 
together with the Town of Francestown to have Said laud with the In- 
habitants thereon Annexed to Said Town. 

The Town being thus Harass with petitions from So many quarters at 
their Meeting Chose a Committee to Consider the Matter, and Report to 
the Town which they did accordingly, which Report was accepted by the 
Town, Said Report being had may more fully appear. 

The next Movement was made by those petitioners who wish to be 
annexed to Francestown together with the Selectmen of said Town who 
again petitioned the Town of Lyndeborough at their meeting held on 
30th Day of August last to be Set off to Francestown by Such bounds as 
Set forth in their petition now before the Hono" Court — the prayer of 
which Petition the Town at Said Meeting Voted to grant. 

Thus by the before going Memorial the Honorable Court may See how 
this Town has been Harassed — and to prevent any farther Difficultyes 
in this way the Town has Voted off to the Several Petitioners all the 
Land that was added on to this Town to make up for what Wilton took 
from us amounting to above Six Thousand Acres & have Reduced the 
Town to the bigness of about five Miles .k a half one way & about five 
Miles & one quarter the other, Excepting the South East Corner which 
brings the Meeting House near the Senter & Should we be permitted to 
Reap So much benefit from the Charter heretofore granted to this town 
as to only Suffer the loss of what Wilton took from us & Injoy only 
what they left us without any part of the additions we might possibly 
remain as a Small Town, but if the lines that the Town fhas prescribed 
for themselves & wish to hold to, are broken Over, or if the prayer of 
the petitioners is granted farther than the Town has Voted them, we 
Expect nothing but Contention Divisions & finaly the braking up & 
Distruction of the Town, to prevent which we humbly present the 
prayer of this Town to the Honorable Court (whom we Esteem as the 
Guardians of & Defenders of our Rites) that the prayer of the Peti- 
tioners may not be granted. 

Signed Peter Clark for y« Committee 

Lyndeborough January 5 1791." 

The foregoing Memorial narrates so much of the early history 
of the town, that it seemed best to give it, without important 


emendation or abridgement. The copy here given is from the 
Town Papers, by Hammond.* The latter wrote : 

[In H. of Rep., January 24, 1791, another committee was appointed 
" to view the situation of said Inhabitants," and the following is their 
Report: —Ed.] 

The Committee appointed by the General Court at their Sessions in 
Jany 1791 to consider the petition of the Inhabitants of the Northwest 
part of Lyndeborough, having viewed the situation of all the parties 
concerned in said petition & fully heard them thereupon do agree to 
report as there opinion that a Town be incorporated with the same 
limits & boundaries as reported by the committee appointed in June 
1790 a copy of which is inclosed & submitted by 

Tim° Farrar | 
James Underwood \ Com'" 
Jeremiah Page J 

The matter was disposed of by incorporating the several 
tracts mentioned into the town of Greenfield, June 15, 1791. 

But a mistake had been made in describing the boundary 
line between the two towns in the new charter. Greenfield, 
therefore, petitioned Lyndeborough to join with it in a petition 
to the General Court to enable it to rectify the mistake. On 
Dec. 19, 1 791, Lyndeborough voted its willingness that the line 
between it and Greenfield ' ' should be established agreeable to 
the Report of the Honorable Court's Committee." 

Accordingly, by a legislative act passed Dec. 28, 1791, the 
boundaries of Greenfield were changed and established.! 

March 6, 1798, Lyndeborough, also, voted to grant the peti- 
tion of Moses Lewis and John Stiles to be set off that they 
might be annexed to Greenfield.! 

Thus Greenfield people had gained their point and had rea- 
son to be plea.sed. But very different was it with some of those 
whom they had included within their corporate limits. The 
people of the two eastern ranges of Greenfield lots were not 
merely dissatisfied ; they were greatly disturbed and even dis- 

The next year, therefore, they, too, petitioned the General 
Court, stating : — 

That it is with unspeakable sorrow, they consider themselves as in- 
cluded within the bounds of said Greenfield, to which they have been 
uniformly & decidedly opposed, * * * and with which they never 
can with any degree of contentment be connected. * * ■ The}' beg 
leave to suggest to your honors, that the Estates of your petitioners, all 
lay contiguous to each other, & are not mixed with those of any per- 

* Vol. XII, p. 529-532. tT. R. II, p. 235. JT. R. II, p. 357. 


sons, who wish to go a different way. That they are all on the borders 
of Francestown & within two or two & a half miles of Francestown 
meetinghouse & the shortest distance from said lots to said meeting- 
house but one mile & seventy-one rods, & a good road leading thereto. 
* * * Your petitioners therefore pray that they may be rescued from 
the bondage of belonging to Greenfield, or living within the limits of it 
& be annexed to Francestown, where they can enjoy privileges, which 
they will consider as a compensation for those they had a right to in 
Lyndeboro'. * * * Wherefore as your petitioners always have been 
averse to any connection with Greenfield, as their interest, convenience, 
inclination, & local situation all so strongly lead to Francestown — as 
Greenfield will not be hurt in its form, & Francestown will be mended 
by our being set froth one Town to the other, as I^yndeborough have con- 
sented to release us & Francestown to receive us And Greenfield have 
no present right to us, * * * we therefore beg your honors to set off 
the two east ranges of " Lyndeboro' Addition '' so called containing six 
lots from Greenfield, annex them to Francestown & thereby deliver 
your petitioners from their present distress & misery, & they as in dut}' 
bound will ever pray, &c. 

Signed by 
Ithamar Woodward Reuben Kimball 

Jacob Button Isaac Balch 

John Batten Francis Epes 

Richard Batten William Draper 

Andrew Creesey Israel Balch. 

[The foregoing request was granted, and the petitioners and their estates annexed to 
Francestown Dec. ii, 1792. Kd-] 


At a town meeting in lyyndeborough, Dec. 7, 1795, Mr. Ben- 
jamin Killam and other.s ressiding in the southwest part of the 
town petitioned to be set off and annexed to Temple. The re- 
quest was negatived.* 

But the matter came up again at the March meeting, 1796. 
They had petitioned the General Court, and an order from the 
Court required the town to consider it and show reasons, if they 
had any, why the request should not be granted. 

The town appointed Dr. Daniel Russell, Capt. William Dut- 
ton and Esq. Levi Spaulding a committee to make report on the 
matter at the next town meeting. Twenty-five votes, including 
five of the petitioners, favored the petition and sixty-five op- 
posed. May 30, 1796, the town voted against granting the 
petition, and added Major Peter Clark and Capt. Aaron Lewis 
to the committee and empowered them to assign reasons to the 
General Court against the same. 

The petition is said to have been supported by Gen. Francis 

*T. Rs. 11, p.315. 


Blood of Temple, and through his influence to have been 
granted. To this the rhymes of Dr. Israel Herrick, in the 
County History refer.* 

"Next, Temple presented a Bloody request, 
And after contention, 'twas thought to be best, 
To let them take off a three-cornered bite, 
And keep it, rather than quarrel and fight." 

By the act of the legislature, June lo, 1796, the estates of 
Benjamin, Joseph and Samuel Killam, John Kidder, Jr., Theo- 
dore Barker, Ebenezer Stiles and Joseph Richardson, "com- 
prising more than nine hundred acres, were disannexed from 
lyyndeborough and joined with Temple."! 

The above named gentlemen, in a letter to the selectmen of 
Temple, in 1794, wrote, "Nature seems to show that she de- 
signed these lots to be separate from said Lyndeboro &c." + 

Previous to 1800 two attempts were made by the inhabitants 
of what was called " Parsonses Corner," to be annexed to Dux- 
bury School Farm, &c, and so connected with Milford. These 
attempts were made in 1779 and in 1797. The first one was de- 
nied by the legislature, after hearing the reasons presented 
against it by Capt. L,evi Spaulding. The full statement of the 
reasons may be seen in Hammond's Town Papers, XII, pp. 
519-521. The second appears to have gone no further than the 
town meeting, the record on which stands, " Artical Dis- 


In the year 1780, an article in the warrant for the town meeting 
bore date of Sept. 13, and asked the town to take into considera- 
tion " the petition of several of the inhabitants of this town (viz) 
Samuel Town & John Case, and of the northwesterly part of 
Amherst, viz. Josiah Dodge & Stephen Peabody, to the Coun- 
cil & House of Representatives, for half a mile of the East side 
of this town to be annexed to the Northwest part of the town of 
Amherst and formed into a town, which came to the selectmen 
of this town by order of Court, that this town may have the op- 
portunity to show cause why the praj'er thereof maj- not be 
granted, & to choose a committee to act in that affair as the 
town shall see fit."§ 

This matter was considered in the town meeting Sept. 28, 
1780, and Capt. Barron, Deacon Badger and Capt. Spaulding 
were chosen a committee to send a petition to the General Court 

*County Hist., p. 507. f Blood, Hist, of Temple, p. 68. Jib. §T. Rs. II, p. 73. 


against this petition of Samuel Town and others. The report 
and remonstrance of this committee is instructive, and contra- 
dicts some of the implications of the petitioners. 

Their petition in full is given in Town Papers, XII, pp. 510, 
511. The remonstrance is as follows : — 

To the Honorable the Councel & House of Representatives of the 
State of New Hampshire in General Court Assembed. 

The petition of the Inhabitants of the town of Lyudeborough by their 
Committee. Humbly sheweth. 

That Whereas the town has been served with a Cop}' of a petition of a 
number of the Inhabitants of this Town Requesting that they with a 
particular part of the town of Lyndeborough therein Mentioned May be 
set of & Incorporated with Duxbury School Farm Mileslip with a part 
of Amherst into a Town &c. &c the town being Legally As- 
sembled Voted & Choose a Committee to Appear & Assign Reasons Ac. 

We therefore the Committee beg leave in the Name & behalf of the 
Town Humbly to Represent the following Reasons why the prayer of s* 
petition should not be Granted and that part of Lyudeborough therein 
Mentioned set of and annexed to Duxbury School Farm &c. 

That in the year 1765 when the Town was Small but few Inhabitants 
About 40 families in all when we Attempted to build a Meeting house & 
settle the Gospel among us. Frequently when Town Meetings were 
Called & we attempted to Agree upon a Particular Spot of Ground for 
the Meetinghouse to Stand upon. They Voted Against Our proceedings 
& threw in Protests offering the Following Reasons — Viz That the place 
Voted is not Commodious for building a Meeting upon — And that they 
were not able to Support a Minister — And in 1766 after the Meeting 
house Spot Was fixed upon for their Accommodation they Cordially 
Agreed with the other Inhabitants to proceed in building a Meeting 
house & settling the Gospel in Town. And Accordingly the town did 
Unanimously proceed in 1768 to build a Meeting house on s"i Spot to 
Accommodate s'^ petitioners in particular & to settle the Gospel in s*^ 
Town which was done with Great Uninimity & which still Continues. 
And as s'l Meeting house stands at a Great distance from the Center of 
the Town Not More than two Miles from the East line Measuring from 
the Meeting house And at least five miles from the west line of s*' town. 
And the Meeting house has been handsomely & Decently finished at the 
no Small Cost & charge of the Town, And as the Town is settling fast in 
the North Northwest, West, & South, west part some of the Inhabitants 
have now the Travil of 4, 5, 6 & 7 Miles as their Roads Run to Attend 
Publick Worship ; And If s"* part of Lyndeborough Sh*! be set of such 
Inhabitants from s"^ parts of the Town will Immediately Call for a Re- 
move of the Meeting house or to be set off by themselves into Separate 
Parishes to the Destruction of the Town Whereas the Cost & Charge of 
Building & furnishing the Meeting house and settling the Gospel is 
hardly Got Over by the Inhabitants in General as they arc Now Com- 
pact together. Altho there has been the Greatest harmony and Concord 
thro' the Whole Charge Moreover that from the North East of the 


Meeting house to the East line of the Town the Land is poor & not Capa- 
ble of making Settlements & in all Probability will Never be Improved 
And as from this Circumstance It will fully Appear that the Meeting 
house was settled in its Present Place to accommodate s'^ Petitioners 
Your Hon" will Easily See the Unreasonableness of their being set off 
from the Town. 

Again that iu the Northwest part of the Town there is a Large Range 
of Mountains About two Miles from the Meeting house And a Great 
Number of Inhabitants now settled on the West & North west part of 
the Town beyond those Mountains And in all probability the whole 
Tract will be settled in the Course of a few Years, when it is Likely they 
will be set off by themselves. And If the Prayer of the Aforesaid Peti- 
tioners Sh'i be Granted & the Laud therein Mentioned be set off And in 
Process of Time the west Part of the Town likewise It will leave a Poor 
Parish indeed such an One as Cannot by any means Support the Gospel & 
Other Necessary Charges 

We therefore Submit these Considerations to Your Hon" Wisdom to 
Do therein as to Justice Shall Appertain And as in Duty Bound Shall 

Ever pray 

Levi Spaulding] 
Benjamin Cram \ Committee * 
David Badger J 
The Editor added [The project did not succeed.] 

But although this project failed the northwest parish in 
Amherst was established the next year, June 30, 1781. Twenty 
years then elapsed, and these parishioners again t " decided to 
petition the General Court to incorporate them into a town, 
with the same boundaries as those first established between the 
First and Second Parishes ; also, that a strip of land half a 
mile wide, lying in the easterly part of Lyndeborough, extend- 
ing the entire length of this parish and adjoining it, be asked 
for as a part of the new town." The town of Mont Vernon, 
including only the lands originally within the bounds of the 
northwest parish in Amherst was incorporated by act of the 
legislature, and the signature of Governor John Taylor Gilman 
was set to the charter, Dec. 15, 1803. The first town meeting 
was held Jan. 23, 1804. 

Nearly fifty years again passed, when a petition came to 
Lyndeborough requesting that the tract of land, formerly 
sought, should be severed from lyyndeborough and annexed to 
Mont Vernon. The boundaries were thus given : + "Beginning 
at the southwest corner of New Boston, and running southerly 
to land of Burnham Russell ; thence easterly to the highway 
running north and south by Peter Cram's dwellinghouse ; 

♦Copied from Hammond XII pp. 519-521. t I^istory of Hillsboro Co., p. 733. 

\t. R-s., Vol. V, pp. 166 and 167. 


thence southerly by said highway as far as the south line of 
said Cram's home lot ; thence easterly by said Cram's land to 
land of William Cleaves ; thence southerly by land of said 
Cleaves, James Upton and others, as far south as the south line 
of the town of Mont Vernon ; thence east to the southwest 
corner of said Mont Vernon." 

The town meeting at which this petition was presented. May 
21, 1 85 1, voted "to reject the prayer of the petitioners; " and 
further, ' ' that our Representative take such measures as neces- 
sary to defeat the petition." * 

These measures, whatever they were, proved insufficient for 
the purpose. For although our records afford no direct state- 
ment, a transcript of the line between lyyndeborough and Mont 
Vernon, as surveyed by Sewall Putnam of Wilton, April 15 
and 16, 1853, indicates that Mont Vernon received her request. t 

The author of the sketch of Mont Vernon in the Hillsboro 
County History, Charles J. Smith, wrote: + " There has been 
since its incorporation but one territorial change in Mont Ver- 
non. Through the persistent efforts of a few individuals, and 
against the remonstrance of the large majority of its citizens, a 
tract exceeding one thousand acres of land was annexed from 
Lyndeborough to Mont Vernon at the winter session of the 
Legislature of 1852. There were fourteen families added to the 
population of Mont Vernon by this change." 


The last territory severed from lyyndeborough was a small 
tract annexed to Milford. It is thus described in Milford His- 
tory : — 

Beginning at a stake & stones, on the town line between Milford & 
lyjndeborough, on the north side of the highway leading from Milford 
to Lyndeboro', thence running westerly by said north side of the high- 
way about forty rods, thence southerly three rods to the south side of the 
highway, thence westerly by said south side of the highway thirteen rods 
to a stake & stones, thence southerly as the fence runs to the town line 
thirty one & one fourth rods, thence easterly by said town line to the 
bound first mentioned. 

The territory thus detached from Lyndeborough consisted of 
the homestead of the descendants of Silas Howard, whose son 
Samuel served for I^yndeborough in the War of 181 2. 


Although no part of this tract came into our town, yet it is so 

*Ib. p. 167. tib., p. 234. Jib., p. 740. 


often mentioned in connection with the town that some descrip- 
tion of it is desirable, for many people of our day who have 
hardly any knowledge of it.* 

"A Petition of Col. John Alden, Representative of the Town of Dux- 
bury, Shewing that said Town is obliged by L,aw to maintain a Grammar 
School, but by reason of the fewness of the Inhabitants and their Poverty 
the Charge of the School lies heavy upon them, & therefore Praying that 
this Court would make them a Grant of the Province Land the better to 
enable them to defray the said Charge" was presented to the General 
Court of Massachusetts, Mar. 4, 1733, and in response to it, the Court Or- 
dered, "that the Town of Duxbury be & hereby is allowed & impowered 
* * * to survey & lay out Five Hundred Acres of the Unappropriated 
Lands of the Province, * * * for the maintenance & support of a 
Grammar School there." This tract " began at a white oak marked on the 
north side of the Souhegan River, above the upper end of the Charlestown 
School Farm, & ran N. 200 rds.; from thence E. 400 rds. to Narragansett 
No. 3, (or Amherst); thence S. 216 rds. to Souhegan River, & thence up 
along by said river to where it first began." 

Batchellor's State Papers, XXIV, p. 209, contains a plan of 
it, though it is inverted, as printed. 

This grant was made one year or more before that of Salem- 
Canada, which was then unappropriated land. Hence, when 
the next year, the grant of Salem-Canada was laid out, its 
bounds began at that point in the line of Amherst, w^hich was 
touched by the N. line of Duxbury School Farm, and Salem- 
Canada south line coincided with the N. line of Duxbury 
School Farm, the entire extent of the latter. This tract, there- 
fore, adjoined L,yndeborough's south side, contiguous to the 
original "home lots." It was afterwards divided into two 
farms, one of which belonged to John Shepard, Esq., of Milford, 
and at the organization of that town, in 1794, was included in it 
as a constituent part. 

Some of its residents did army service for Lyndeborough in 
the Revolutionary War. 

* Batch., XXIV, Town Charter, Vol. I, pp. 208-210. 


Town Officers from 1764 to 1905. 

The following list was thought to be sufficient to give an idea 
of the town officers, though it omits very many important ser- 
vices rendered by distinguished citizens. Those omitted were 
for the most part viewed as of minor consequence. Such were 
constables, highway surveyors, surveyors of wood and lumber, 
sealers of weights and measures, sealers of leather, haywards, 
deerkeepers, poundkeepers, tithing-men, hogreeves, &c. 

We give in order, moderator, town clerk, representative. 






John Shepard, Jr. 

Benjamin Cram 
<( i< 

Jonathan Cram 

David Badger 
Adam Johnson 
Benjamin Cram 
David Badger 

John Stevenson 

Andrew Fuller 

" " " " Ephraim Putnam 

was chosen representative to the congress at Exeter 
David Badger Andrew Fuller 

Peter Clark Peter Clark 

David Badger " " 

Capt. Jacob Wellman " " 

Lt. Reuben Spaulding Benjamin Jones 
Capt. I/Cvi Spaulding Ephraim Putnam 

Maj. Peter Clark 
Jeremiah Carleton 
Capt. Levi Spauhling 

Nehemiah Rand 
Peter Clark 
Nehemiah Rand 
Dr. Benjamin Jones 
Capt. Levi Spaulding 
Peter Clark 
Maj. Peter Clark 

Peter Clark 

( ( t i 

Ephraim Putnam 

( ( (( 

Peter Clark 

Capt. Levi Spaulding 
Capt. Levi Spaulding 

C( (( (< 

<< << (( 

(( t t i( 

Nehemiah Rand 

i< << 

Peter Clark 
(( << 
(< (( 

Nehemiah Rand 



183 1 




Dr. Benjamin Jones 
Capt. Wm. Dutton 
Maj. Peter Clark 
Ephraim Putnam 
Maj. Peter Clark 
Dr. Benjamin Jones 
Maj. Peter Clark 
Capt. Wm. Dutton 
Dr. Benjamin Jones 

Aaron Lewis 

Dr. Benjamin Jones 
Jacob Richardson 
Dr. Benjamin Jones 
Capt. Wm. Clark 
Daniel Putnam 
Dr. Benjamin Jones 
Nehemiah Boutwell 

Timothy Putnam 
Nehemiah Boutwell 
Timothy Putnam 
Nehemiah Boutwell 
Daniel Putuam 
Nehemiah Boutwell 

William Jones 
Nehemiah Boutwell 

Joseph Jones 
Israel Putnam 
Joseph Jones 

Israel Putnam 

Joseph Jones 
Israel Putnam 

Joseph Jones 

Ephraim Putnam 
if (( 

Capt. Wm. Dutton 
(( (( 

Jacob Dascomb 

^^ (€ 

<( (( 

Jonathan Butler 
(( (I 

Dr. Benjamin Jones 
<i (( <i 

Caleb Huston 
Nathan Wheeler 

a (t 

Aaron L,ewis 
Nathan Wheeler 

(( i( 

Daniel Putnam 

William Jones 

Israel Herrick 

Joshua Atwood 

Nathan Jones 
(I (( 

Oliver Bixby 

Nathan Jones 
It ( ( 

Israel Herrick 

Peter Clark 
None sent 
Ephraim Putnam 

Dr. Benjamin Jones 

K (( C 

Jacob Dascomb 
Dr. Benjamin Jones 
Jacob Dascomb 
Dr. Benjamin Jones 
Lieut Daniel Putnam 
Daniel Putnam 

Jonathan Stephenson 

Nehemiah Boutwell 

Timothy Putnam 
Daniel Putnam 
Nehemiah Boutwell 

Joseph Jones 

Nehemiah Boutwell 
Samuel Hartshorn 

Israel Putnam 


Samuel T. Manahan 
II If 

Benjamin Jones 
II 11 

II 11 

Daniel N. Boardman 
1 1 If 

Asa Manning 




185 1 






Amos Pratt 

Daniel N. Boardman 

Amos Pratt 
Samuel Jones 
Amos Pratt 

Wm. H. Grant 
Amos Pratt 

John Richardson 

Jonathan Stephenson Peter Cram 
II i( (( ■< 

IvUther Cram " " 

David E. Proctor 

John Richardson 

Luther Cram 

John C. Carkin 
II (I 

Luther Cram 

David C. Grant 
(< <i 

Joel H. Tarbell 
John C. Carkin 

Jacob A. Woodward 

Benjamin G. Her rick 
Jacob A, Woodward 

Fred B. Richards 

Jacob A, Woodward 


John C. Carkin 

Joel H. Tarbell 

Oliver Bixby 
i( II 

Dr. Wm. A. Jones 

(( i( 

<( (< 

II <i 

Wm. J Herrick 

Jesse Clement 

Dea. David Putnam 

Jotham Hildreth, Jr. 

Sherebiah Manning 

Ebenezer Russell 

Wm. H. Grant 
II i< 

Charles Parker 

Jotham Hildreth, Jr. 

Israel Herrick 

John Richardson 
<i II 

Israel Herrick 
II (( 

Jonathan Stephenson 
II (( 

John C. Goodrich 

Dr. Wm. A. Jones Timothy T. Putnam 

David E. Proctor " " 

" " Luther Cram 

George A. Putnam " " 

" " George A. Putnam 

Charles F. Tarbell Dr. Wm. A. Jones 
Eli C.Curtis 

II <i II << 

" «' Wm. W. Burton 

(( <( <i i< 

" " None sent 

" " Franklin Senter 

" " John H. Goodrich 

Edgar A. Danforth Charles Tarbell 
Charles F. Tarbell 

" " Daniel B. Whittemore 

<< << 

Gaylord B. Smith 
Sent none 
Jacob A. Woodward 
Fred A. Richardson 
Edgar A. Danforth 
William W. Burton 

Edgar A. Danforth 



1895 John C. Carkin Edgar A. Dan forth 

1896 " " 

1897 A. Iv. Curtis " 

1898 " " " 

1899 '• << " 

1900 " " •• 

1902 A. ly. Curtis " 

1903 Algernon W. Putnam " 


Arranged in order, chairman of the board of selectmen, 
second selectman, third selectman. 

Harry R. Chase 
F. B. Richards 
Benjamin G. Herrick 
Andy Holt 
Edward Iv. Curtis 


Jonathan Cram 

Benjamin Cram 

Wm. Carson 


John Stephenson 

Edward Bevins, Jr. 

David Badger 


Benjamin Cram 

John Stephenson 

Sergt. Jno. Hutchinson 


Jonathan Cram 

(1 (( 

Benjamin Cram 

Jacob Wellman 

Wm. Carson, Jr, 


Benjamin Cram 

Edward Spaulding 

James Boutwell 


David Badger 

Osgood Carlton 

Ephraim Putnam, Jr. 


John Stephenson 

Adam Johnson 

Andrew Fuller 


James Boutwell 

David Badger 

Ephraim Putnam, Jr. 


David Badger 

Ephraim Putnam, Jr 

William Barron 


Ephraim Putnam, Jr 

John Gould 

John Ordway 


Andrew Fuller 

David Badger 

Levi Spaulding 


Francis Epps 

Josiah Woodbury 

Nathan Pearsons 


Andrew Fuller 

Joseph Herrick 

Nathaniel Phelps 


Peter Clark 

Ephraim Putnam, Jr. 

Jeremiah Carlton 


(1 (1 

(( (( 

David Badger 


Andrew Fuller, Esq. 

Daniel Gould 

Jacob Wellman 


Capt. Nat. Batchelder Capt. Jacob Wellman 


Dea. David Badger 

Jacob Cram 


Ephraim Putnam 

Jeremiah Carlton 

Jonas Kidder 


<< <( 

<( < ( 

i( <( 


<( <( 

<( (( 

(( (( 


<< (( 

Jonas Kidder 

Joseph Herrick 


<< «« 

<( (1 

<< << 


<< << 

" " 

" " 


<< <c 

Lt. Jeremiah Carlton 

Jonathan Butler 


Peter Clark 

<< <( 

Capt. Jonas Kidder 


a l( 

" " 

Lt. Joseph Batchelder 


Dea. Ephraim Putnam Joseph Herrick 

Capt. Jonas Kidder 


11 <( i( 


Ensign Abial Wilson 


*' " " 

Jeremiah Carlton 

Samuel Houston 


Peter Clark 

Wm. Duttou 

Lt. Aaron Lewis 


Flphraim Putnam 

Capt. Aaron Lewis 

Lt. Jacob Dascomb 


(( <( 

" Wm. Dutton 

John Woodward 


Capt. \Vm. Duttou 

John Woodward 

Uriah Cram 


(< (( (( 

Uriah Cram 

Eliphalet Badger 




Jacob Dascomb 

Ens. Joseph Epps, 2n 

i\ Lt. Wm. Clark 


(< i( 




i( i< 

1 1 i< 



(1 (( 




(1 (1 


II i( 


Jonathan Butler 

Daniel Putnam 

Oliver Whiting 


K (( 

Edmund Perkins 

Uriah Cram 


Benjamin Jones 

II 1 1 

Caleb Huston 


Benjamin Jones 

Edmond Perkins 

Caleb Huston 


Caleb Huston 

Nathan Wheeler 

Benjamin Goodrich 


Nathan Wheeler 

Benjamin Goodrich 

Jotham Hildreth 


" " 


11 II 


Aaron L,ewis 

Jonathan Butler 

Gideon Cram 


Nathan Wheeler 
II 1 1 

Capt. Benj. Goodrich 

Jotham Hildreth 

i< II 

Edmond Perkins 

Joseph Jones 



<i II 



Daniel Putnam 

i< <i 



<i II 


Benj. Jones, Jr. 



Benjamin Jones, Jr. 

Jotham Hildreth 


1 1 II 










It II 


William Jones 

Capt. Benj. Goodrich 

Samuel Hartshorn 



II i« 

Jacob Flinn 




11 II 



Jacob Flinn 

Israel H. Goodrich 


Daniel Putnam 

Asa Manning 

Joshua Atwood 






Joshua Atwood 

Oliver Bixby 

Henry Cram 


II 11 


Oliver Whiting 


Henry Cram 

Asa Manning 

Daniel N. Boardman 



Daniel N. Boardman 

James L. Clark 

183 1 






James L. Clark 

Ebenezer Russell 


Wm. Jones 

Asa Manning 

Daniel N. Boardman 


Daniel N. Boardman 

David Putnam 

James Cram, 2nd 


Samuel T. Manahan 

Joshua Atwood 

Oliver Whiting 




" " 


Israel Herrick 

Oliver Whiting 

Jacob Butler 


Daniel N. Boardman 

Asa Manning 

Ebenezer Russell 


i< II 

David Stiles 

Samuel Jones 


Oliver Whiting 

II i( 

Ebenezer Fisk 


David Stiles 

James L. Clark 

Samuel Jones 


Oliver Whiting 

Samuel T. Manahan 

Ebenezer Fisk 


Daniel N. Boardman 

Samuel Jones 

Peter Cram 


i( II 

i< 11 



Samuel Jones 

Peter Cram 

Dexter Burton 


■ 1 11 

II (< 

K 11 


Amos Pratt 

Jonathan Stephenson Jotham Hildreth, Jr 



185 1 





1 886 



Dexter Burton 
R/.ra Dane 
Luther Cram 
(( (( 

Dexter Burton 
Jos. Chamberlain, Jr. 
Jotham Hildreth 
Amos Pratt 
Samuel Jones 

David K. Holt 
Jotham Hildreth, Jr. 
Daniel Woodward, Jr. 

Samuel Jones 
Jotham Hildreth 
David C. Grant 
John Hartshorn 
John F. Holt 

Jonathan Stephenson Charles Henry Holt 
Charles Henry Holt Wm. W. Howard 

John Hartshorn 
Edward P. Spalding 
Nath'l T. Mclntire 
Harvey Perham 
Charles H. Holt 
Rufus Chamberlain 
Charles H. Holt 
Rufus Chamberlain 
Wm. W. Howard 
" " John Richardson 

Nathaniel T. Mclntire Eli C. Curtis 
David E- Proctor Andy Holt 

Charles Henry Holt Jonathan Danforth 

Wm. W. Howard 
John Hartshorn 
Joel H. Tarbell 

Luther Cram 

George E. Spalding 
Rufus Chamberlain 

Rufus Chamberlain 
George Rose 
Adoniram Russell 
George Rose 
Levi P. Hadley 
Adoniram Russell 
Daniel B.Whittemore Albert Cram 
" " Jason Holt 

Luther Cram 
George Rose 
Adoniram Russell 
David C. Grant 
Levi P. Hadley 
Adoniram Russell 
Jason Holt 

Nathaniel Mclntire 
George Rose 
Charles H. Senter 
Everett E. Lowe 
Charles L. Perham 
Andy Holt 
Charles H. Senter 
Jason Holt 
Charles H. Senter 
Jacob A. Woodward 
Andy Holt 
Warren A. ICaton 
Harry R. Chase 
Andy Holt 
Fred A. Richardson 
Will C. Wilder 
Andy Holt 

George Rose 
Charles H. Senter 
Everett E. Lowe 
Charles L. Perham 
David G. Dickey 
Charles H. Senter 
Charles L. Perham 
Charles H. Senter 
Jacob A. Woodward 
Andy Holt 
Warren A. Eaton 
Harry R. Chase 
Charles H. Senter 
Fred A. Richardson 
Will C. Wilder 
Harry R. Chase 
Fred A. Richardson 

Ezra Dane 
Luther Cram 
Sherebiah Manning 
Jos. Chamberlain, Jr. 
Howard S. Blood 
Howard S. Blood 
Rufus Chamberlain 
Eli C. Curtis 
Rufus Chamberlain 
Wm. H. Howard 
John Hartshorn 
Edward P. Spalding 
Joel H. Tarbell 
Charles Tarbell 
John H. Goodrich 
John F. Holt 
George E. Spalding 

Wm. W. Howard 
John Richardson 
Edmand J. Parker 
David E. Proctor 
Luther Cram 

Wilkes H. Hadley 
Adoniram Russell 
John M. Emery 
Erwin D. Wilder 
Adoniram Russell 
Jason Holt 
Albert Cram 
George Rose 
Levi P. Hadley 
Charles H. Senter 
Everett E. Lowe 
Charles L. Perham 
Levi P. Hadley 
Andy Holt 
Benjamin J. Boutwell 
Jason Holt 
Jacob A. Woodward 
Andy Holt 
Warren A. Eaton 
Edwin H. Putnam 
Charles H. Senter 
Andy Holt 
W. C. Wilder 
Harry R. Chase 
Andy Holt 
Frank H. Eaton 




Fred A. Richardson 

Andy Holt 

Charles H. Senter 


Charles H. Senter 

Fred A. Richardson 

Har^-ey E. Holt 


Charles H. Senter 

Fred A. Richardson 

Edward L. Curtis 


Andy Holt 

Edward t,. Curtis 

Jason Holt 


Edward L Curtis 

Jason Holt 

Andy Holt 


Jason Holt 

Andy Holt 

Edward L. Curtis 


Andy Holt 

Edward L. Curtis 

Edward W. Dolliver 


The list of the Justices of the Peace here given, apart from 
Andrew Fuller, seems to have been procured and partly fur- 
nished by W. H. Grant, Esq, It was among the papers of D. 
C. Grant. 


Andrew Fuller 
Peter Clark 
Nehemiah Rand 
Levi Spaulding 
Benjamin Jones 
Timothy Putnam 
Nehemiah Boutwell 



Town voted to recommend, 1776 (?) 

Dec. 20, 1784-1815 

May 22, 1787 

June 8, 1 791 

Dec. 6, 1800 

June 19, 1819 

June 23, 1821 

Dates not given. 

Luther Cram 
Charles H. Holt 
Peter Cram 
Dexter Burton 
Joel H. Tarbell 
William H. Grant 
William A. Jones 
William J. Herrick 
Eli C. Curtis 
Jacob Butler 
Rufus Chamberlain 
William W. Curtis 
John H. Goodrich 
George A. Putnam 
Nathaniel T. Mclntire 
Charles F. Tarbell 

Dr. Benjamin Jones 
David Stiles 
Israel Herrick 
David C. Grant 
John Richardson 
Daniel Putnam 
William Jones 
Joseph Jones 
Joshua Atwood 
Israel H. Goodrich 
David Putnam 
Oliver Bixby 
Benjamin Jones 
Daniel N. Boardman 
Isaac P. French 
Jesse Clement 
David E. Proctor 


Joseph A. Johnson Walter 8. Tarbell 

John C. Carkin 


In old English law, a tithing was " a civil division composed 
of ten freeholders and their families, all bound as sureties for 
the peaceable behavior of each other." Anciently in England, 


the chief or principal man of a tithing, who decided small 
causes, was called a tithing-man.* It would be an easy matter 
to pass from such an office to that of " a town or parish ofl&cer, 
chosen for enforcing the observance of Sunday and preserving 
order during church service " ; and hence, in the early days of 
New England, we find that the tithing-man was regularly a 
town officer, chosen annually. 

There is a reference to such an ofl&cial in the " New England 
Magazine" for Aug., 1902,! in the description of Weston, 
Mass., which says, " A drum called the worshipers to meeting, 
instead of the ' bells which now knoll to church ' ; and tithing- 
men or constables kept the congregation in order with wand, a 
hare's foot on one end and hare's tail on the other. Children 
were not allowed to sit with their parents." 

The historian of Antrim, N. H., wrote : "In earliest times, 
children big enough to leave the mother's knee were put on the 
stairs, or in a box pew by themselves and put under the care of 
a ' tithing-man' to keep them quiet." The tithing-men, also, 
made a great deal of noise in keeping the young people still, 
and accomplished a fair amount of confusion in preserving 
order. \ 

It is said that one man having ' ' bin chose to wake y^ sleepers 
in meeting, & being much proud of his place, must need have a 
fox taile fixed to y'^ end of a long staff wherewith he may brush 
the faces of them y* will have naps in time of discourse ; like- 
wise a sharp thorn wherewith he may prick such as be moste 
sounde. On y*' last Eord his day, as he strutted about y^ meet- 
ing house, he did spy a farmer sleeping with much comforte, 
his head kept steady by being in y*" corner, & his hand grasping 
the rail. And so spying, he did quicklie thrust his staff along 
the rail & give him a grievous prick upon the hand. Where- 
upon the farmer did spring upp much above y'' floor, & with a 
terrible force strike his hand against y'' wall, & also to y^ great 
wonder of all, prophainlie exclaim in a loud voice, ' Cuss the 
woodchuck ! ' he dreaming, as it seemed, y* the woodchuck had 
bit him." 

It is said that on one occasion, " George Washington, after he 
was president, was stopped by a tithing-man and narrowl}^ es- 
caped arrest, because, having missed his way, he had to travel 
Sunday morning to reach a certain place for worship. § 

* standard Dictionary. \ History of Antrim, N. H., pp. 365, 266. 

t P. 663. t N. E. Mag. for Oct. 1902, p. 168. 


These incidents, however, need not lead us to think that the 
tithing-men were very often malevolent popinjays. In our town, 
some of the gravest and most dignified citizens were usually se- 
lected to fill this important office. This will be apparent from a 
few of the names of such as served : Ephraira Putnam, Benja- 
min Cram, David Badger, James Boutwell, William Barron, 
Amos Whittemore, &c. 


The town in its early years was accustomed to elect two con- 
stables. To these was usually assigned the duty of collecting 
the taxes ; and one or both of them served the warrant for the 
town meetings. They also served other warrants and legal 
papers of the town issued by the selectmen or by justices of the 
peace, and were, in general, the executors of the laws and pre- 
servers of good order in the town. 

The constable who warned the annual meeting for 1775 was 

John Ordway, and at that meeting Robert Badger was chosen 

first constable, and Jacob Cram second.* The warrant for the 

meeting reads : 

" Province of New Hampsliire ^ To John Ordway Consta- 
& County of Hillsborough Ss. \ ble for the Town of Lynde- 

J borough. Greeting. 

Pursuant to the Laws of the Province for regulating a Warning of 
Town Meeting, You are hereby required in his Majesty's Name, forth- 
with to warn the freeholders & other inhabitants of the above said Town 
that are duly qualified by law to vote in common town affairs that they 
meet at the Meeting house in said Town on Tuesday the 14th day of 
March next, at nine of the clock in the forenoon &c." 

Before the next annual meeting came, the style of the warn- 
ing was changed. It was no longer issued in his "Majesty's 

A little more than a month after this meeting was held, the 

battle of lycxington was fought, and his Majesty's squadrons 

were driven back to Boston, and kept there unable to enforce 

his requirements. Hence, when the next March meeting was 

warned, it was done in this way : 

Hillsborough Ss. \ This is to give notice to the inhabitants of the Town 
i of Lyndeborough, &c. that they are desired to as- 
semble at the meeting house &c. 

In giving the warning on another occasion the words, 
" Pro\dnce of New Hampshire, Hillsborough Ss," were used, 
as if by oversight. Another form was, 

*T. R. II, p. 3. 


Hillsborough Ss. "i These are to require you in the name of 
J the Government and People forthwith to 
warn all freeholders &c. 

But another form of the warning followed, thus : 

State of New Hampshire, | This is still used, and long 
Hillsborough Ss. j may it continue to be ! for it 

voices the authority of a sovereign and independent state. 
This was adopted late in the year 1776, and Eleazer Wood- 
ward was the constable who served it. 


The collection of the taxes w^as of course an important mat- 
ter, and was to be annually provided for. This duty usually 
devolved on the constables, and in the earlier days was not a 
very onerous matter. But with the increase of population, and 
many miles of travel to reach the scattered settlers, the work 
became more difl&cult, and some adequate remuneration was 
necessary to compensate for the trouble. We purpose to present 
a few samples of the premiums given for this service, and the 
conditions imposed at a few of the periods. 

In 1794 chose " Ephraim Kidder constable and collector, and 
voted to give him seven pence on the pound for collecting, he 
paying within the year." In 1803 "chose John Stephenson 
collector, and gave him nine cents on $3.33 for collecting." 
The next year John Stephenson was chosen both " constable 
and collector of taxes, and voted to give him ten cents on the 
pound for collecting the same." In 1807, also, the town 
"chose John Stephenson collector of town, state, county and 
school taxes, and voted him a premium of two cents and four 
mills upon every dollar." 

The next year, the town voted to " vendue " the taxes, and 
Eleazer Woodward bid them off, at three cents per dollar, and 
was chosen collector. 

In 1809, it was voted " that the collection of taxes be put to 
the lowest bidder with the privilege of the constableship, if the 
town so choose. Lt. Jotham Blanchard bid of the collection of 
taxes at three cents per dollar, for every dollar that may be com- 
mitted to him ; ' ' and he was chosen both collector and con- 

John Woodward bid off the collection of the taxes at three 
cents and eight mills per dollar in 18 10, and he was chosen 
constable. The next year he received but three cents and two 


mills per dollar ; and Mr. Nehemiah Boutwell was chosen con- 

In 1813, the town voted the collector a premium of "three 
cents three mills on the dollar, for what money he pays into the 
treasury, on or before the first day of March next after receiv- 
ing the warrant of collection ; and that he have no premium for 
collecting money due after that time." The coUectorship was 
struck off to John Besom, Jr., agreeable to the foregoing con- 

A rather unusual thing occurred in 18 19, when Mr. Ira 
Huston " agreed to collect the taxes for the honor of the office." 
He was chosen both constable and tax collector. There is no 
sign in the records of any unfaithfulness or failure in his duties. 
We suspect, however, that he may have been sufficiently filled 
with the honor, to eschew seeking a second term of service ; for, 
the next year, Jacob Butler bid off " the collection of the money 
to be assessed," at the rate of three cents and four mills on the 
dollar, and was chosen both tax collector and constable. 

In 1825, voted a discount of five per cent, to all persons who 
pay their whole tax at Oliver Bixby's the first Monday of 
September ; to all who there pay on the first Monday of Novem- 
ber, three per cent.; to all who pay on the first Monday of Janu- 
ary, a discount of one per cent.; after that the collector was to 
finish his collection as soon as possible. Joshua At wood bid off 
the collection of all the money to be raised, at thirty-three 
dollars ; and was elected constable. 

In 1826, the collection of taxes was bid off by Mr. Edmund 
Perkins at nineteen dollars ; and the same percentage was 
allowed as in the previous year. 

In 1 83 1, the collection of taxes was struck off to Mr. Gideon 
Cram, the lowest bidder, at thirty-nine dollars ; and he was 
chosen collector. 


To David Putnam one of the 
" State of New Hampshire ) Constables for the Town of lyynde- 
Hillsborough Ss. J borough & State and County afore- 


Greeting : 

Pursuant to the Law 
of this State for levying & collecting Public Taxes, — You are 
hereby Required forthwith to Levy & Collect the following 
Rates (viz.) the several sums set and annexed to each person's 


name. The sum set in the first column in the list herewith com- 
mitted to you, being their proportion of Rightysix Pound, two 
shillings & ten pence, the sums which we have assessed the 
polls & estates in this Town, by a Warrant from the Treasurer 
of this State ; and the sum set in the second column in said list, 
being their proportion of Fortyfive Pound & three pence ; and 
the sum set in the third column of said list, being their propor- 
tion of Fiftyseven Pound Eight shillings & seven pence;" 
Then follow the sums to be paid into the State Treasury & and 
the dates of the payments, & the disposition to be made of any 
remainder in the hands of the collector. " And if any person 
or persons shall refuse or neglect to pay their proportion of the 
aforesaid sums, then you are to take it by Distraint as the Law 
directs upon his or their goods or chatties ; and for want thereof, 
you are to take the body of the person or persons so refusing or 
neglecting, & commit him or them to the common goal of this 
County, there to remain till he or they shall pay the sum or 
sums on him or them so assessed, & the cost thereby arising. 
And for your so doing, this shall be your suflBcient warrant. 

Given under our hand & seal at Lyndeborough, this twenty- 
sixth Day of April, Anno Domini, One thousand Seven hun- 
dred & Eighty six. 

Ephraim Putnam ]g^j^^^^^^ of 

Jonas Kidder 

Jonas Kiader r -^ , , , 

Joseph Herrick j I^yndeborough 

The list of names follows, but only the sum set against each 
in the first column is given, which represents specie, and suffic- 
iently indicates the relative value of each man's taxable estate 
in the town. 


£ S. d. qrs. £ S. d. qrs, 

Lemuel Abbott o 211 o Jeremiah Carletou o 13 i i 

William Blaney o 10 2 John Carkin on 8 3 

Benjamin Burroughs 019 Uriah Cram o 12 10 3 

Thomas Boffee 0542 David Cram o 12 4 2 

John Boffee o 14 8 2 Jacob Cram o 17 o i 

John Besom o 14 4 2 Eunice Carleton 0070 

James Boutwell o 13 3 Jonathan Chamberlain 046 

Jonathan Butler 080 John Chamberlain 0661 

Jotham Blanchard 0893 Jona. Chamberlain, Jr, o 13 3 o 

Micah Barron o 6 i i Benjamin Cram, Jr. 0701 

Ephraim Bixby 0510 Daniel Cram 0623 

William Carson i o 8 i Benjamin Curtis 0360 

Solomon Cram o 13 6 2 John Cram o 2 11 o 



William Dutton 




Isaac Day 





Abraham Dunsmore 





Jacob Dascomb 





Samuel Ellinwood 





Elijah Flint 





Nehemiah Frost 





Daniel Gould 





Samuel Hutchinson 





John Hartshorn 





Nehemiah Hutchinson 





Joseph Hobbs 





Samuel Hutchinson, Jr. 





David Haselton 





Nathan Haselton 





Silas Howard 





Adam Johnson 





Adam Johnson, Jr. 





Thomas Hutchinson 





John Kidder, Jr. 





Samuel Killam 





Benjamin Killam 





John Hutchinson 





Enoch Holt 





Benjamin Lewis 





Samuel McMaster 





John McMaster 





Thomas McMaster 





Hugh McAdams 





Robert McAdams 





John Peabody 





Nathaniel Phelps 





Jonathan Pearson 





Amos Pearson 





Ephraim Putnam 





Ephraim Putnam, Jr 
David Putnam 
Aaron Putnam 
John Putnam 
Didymus Pearson 
Nehemiah Rand 
Walter Ross 
Thomas Richardson 
Daniel Russell 
John Rowe 
Luther Smith 
Widow Stephenson 
John Smith 
Samuel Stiles 
Oliver Holt 
John Thompson 
Samuel Towns 
Thomas Towns, Jr. 
Thomas Towns 
Jacob Wellman 
Jacob Wellman, Jr. 
John Wellman 
Amos Wilkins 
Amos Wilkins, Jr. 
John Woodward 
Abial Wilson 
Joseph Killam 
Benjamin Killam, Jr. 
Moses Peabody 
Cesar Freeman 
Isaac Wilkins 
Samuel Stuart 
Wid. Stephenson, (Cram 
farm) o 

































































































































Subsequent names seem to 

William Bowers 0400 

Simeon Blodget o i 11 2 

Joshua Burnam o i i o 

Samuel Blanchard 0123 

John Bell 0123 

Jacob Butler o 2 11 o 

Jonathan Batchelder 0152 

Simeon Cummings 0313 

Samuel Chace 0180 

Ephraim Crosby 0083 

Benjamin Lewis, Jr. o i 10 3 

John Hale 0172 

be those of non-resident tax 

Josiah Dodge 
Capt. Farmer 
Jacob Howard 
Timoth}^ Kendall 
William Kidder 
James Levsds 
Ebenezer Pearson's est. 
John Parker 
Jacob Putnam 
Jacob Putnam, Jr. 
Abner Stiles 
Timothy Winn 

1 6 

2 o 
I 10 

1 7 

2 o 

r 5 
2 5 

I 7 
I I 

I 5 
4 o 


Joseph Winn 0400 Joseph Sterns o o 10 o 

Henry Putnam 0303 Hardy and Watkins 0221 

Benjamin Taylor 0272 Thomas Hills 0070 

James Hopkins 0351 Abner Hutchinson 0070 

Ovid Haselton o i 10 2 

The following names seem to be those of the original proprie- 
tors and their heirs. 

Reuben Wright 0092 Dr. Lemmon 0180 

John Ames 0081 Dr. Lemmon 0180 

Swett 0050 Heirs of Lynde o 2 10 o 

Robert Hooper 0051 Heirs of Lynde o 211 o 

Robert Hooper o i 10 3 Heirs of Lynde o o 10 2 

Robert Hooper 0043 Heirs of Lynde 0083 

Robert Hooper 0083 Heirs of Lynde 0180 

Robert Hooper o i 10 3 Heirs of Lynde 0081 

Robert Hooper 0180 Stephen Goodhue 0282 

Widow Fletcher 0013 John Burton 0152 

Timothy Hartshorn 0013 

Robert Means 0083 Apparent footing 40 : 14 : 8:3 

The seemingly low rates of the proprietors and their heirs 
were probably due to the fact that only small portions of their 
original estates remained unsold, for which they were taxed. 
Robert Means was an Amherst resident. Dr. Lehman belonged 
in Hollis, the heirs of Hooper and Lynde and Stephen Goodhue 
were Massachusetts people, and John Burton was probably a 
Wilton man. 


Nearly every warrant for town-meeting illustrated that divine 
saying, " The poor ye have with you always, and when ye will 
ye may do them good," One of the questions in the warrant 
for the annual town meeting was generally, " What method 
will the town adopt for the support of poor ? " In the early 
days of the town the poor were comparatively few. The law in 
those days permitted the selectmen to warn out of town any 
new comers who were likely to become town charges, and 
properly belonged in other towns. The records show no in- 
stance of any attempt to evade the care of poor who belonged 
in town ; nor on the contrary, do they show any disposition to 
submit to having poor thrust upon them who belonged else- 
where. Hence, in the year 1770, two families, one containing 
eight persons, and another six, and also a single person, who 
were likely to become a burden on the town, were warned to 
depart out of town. 

A family of this kind which came into our town from Wilton 


in 1773 was duly warned out according to law. But there was 
a failure to enforce the law, which occasioned the town consid- 
erable trouble and expense. . 

The warrant for this warning was served, and a copy of the 
same sent to Stephen Holland, Esq., clerk of Hillsboro Ses- 
sions, who about that time left the office, and was succeeded by 
Robert Fletcher, Esq. Upon the removal of the papers belong- 
ing to said office, the* "warrant with many other papers was 
lost, and no record of the same to be found, whereby the Town 
of Eyndeborough is likely to become chargeable with the main- 
tenance of the said family." Hence, the town, through its 
representative, Nehemiah Rand, petitioned the lyCgislature 
" that the said warrant & Service «& returning may be Good & 
Established So that the Town of Lyndeborough may have the 
Benefit of the Eaws of this State in Such Cases made & pro- 
vided &c." 

A committee of the legislature upon this petition reported as 
follows : 

That in the latter end of May, 1773, the then selectmen of 
Ivyndeborough made out a warrant in the Following words viz 

province of New Hampshire Hillsborough ss 
(Seal) To James Boutwell Constable for the Town of Ivynde- 
borough in said County Greeting. 

Whereas there is a person come of Late with his wife to 
sojourn or Dwell in This Town & last came from Wilton in 
this County viz Elisha Wilkins & wife and are not by Law In- 
habitants of this Town therefore are likely to become too 
chargeable to this Town unless means are taken to prevent the 
Same. Pursuant therefore to the Laws of this Province in that 
case made & provided.! 

You are hereby required in his Majesties Name instantly to 
warn the said Elisha Wilkins & wife to depart & leave this 
Town within fourteen days from this date, hereof fail not & 
make return of this warrant with your proceedings thereon to 
the Clerk of his Majesties Court of General Sessions of the 
Peace next to be holden at Amherst 

Given under our hands & Seals the day of May 1773 

Signed by the Select men. 

Your Committee also find that the said w^arning was ser^^ed 
by the said James Boutwell on the said Wilkins & wife about 
the first of June 1773 & sent by him to the Clerk of the Ses- 

*Hammond Town Papers, XII., pp. 524-526. fBatch., XXI., p. 316. 


siou by Andrew Fuller Ksq. with money to pay for recording 
the Same, & the said Fuller delivered the said warning & 
money to the then Clerk of the Sessions at the Sessions of said 
Court in July 1773 & the said warrant cannot now be found in 
the Clerks Office. 

Therefore your Committee agree to report that upon any 
tryal respecting the Settlement of said Wilkins and wife the 
Town of Ivyndeborough or any others concerned may offer in 
Evidence the before recited warrant which shall be deemed as 
good & legal evidence as the original would have been if the 
same had not been lost, & shall be considered as dated the last 
day of May signed by the then Selectmen & served on the first 
day of June 1773. Signed Francis Worster for the Committee 
which report being read & considered voted that it be received 
& accepted. Sent up by Mr. Rand. 

Editor Hammond informs us that the foregoing report was 
adopted, and was in the hand- writing of John Sullivan.* 

The next year the town chose a committee of fifteen to peti- 
tion the General Court " for a redress of the grievance we labor 
under respecting Elisha Wilkins." The committee were : — 
Dr. Benjamin Jones Mr. James Boutwell 

Dea. Ephraim Putnam Andrew Fuller Esq. 

Mr. John Reynolds Cap. Samuel Huston 

Peter Clark L,t. Jotham Blancliard 

Lt. Amos Whittemore Lt. Jeremiah Carleton 

Capt. William Blaney Ensign Abiel Willson 

Mr. Joseph Herrick Capt. Benjamin Epes 

Capt. William Barron 

No report of this committee appears upon our town records. 

There was a petition from the selectmen about that time, 
which is reported as non-concurred by the General Court, which 
perhaps may have related to this case.t Some of our town's 
people afterwards attempted to get the matter revived ; but the 
town, twice, at least, dismissed the subject, so that further efforts 
in that direction were not encouraged. Thus the town endeav- 
ored, though without success, to free itself from a burden which 
had come upon it from its neighbor. 

In 1775, it was voted " to raise 4:0:0 L. M. for the support of 
the poor this year. ' ' 

In November of the same year, it was voted, " to sell the 
cow that was purchased by the Overseers of the Poor for the 
Town," and afterwards returned to the town. "Dea. Cram, 

*Batch., XII., p. 526. tBatch., XXI., p. 331. 


Doctor Jones and Nathaniel Phelps were chosen a committee to 
sell the Town's cow at a public vandue." 

In 1776, the town voted that the overseers of the poor " take 
care of the necessitous poor, and lay their account before the 
town." This course appears to have been followed for a num- 
ber of years. The next entry regarding the poor relates to 
the overseers' request for instructions in regard to " binding out 
a poor child cast upon the town." They were authorized 
" to use their best judgment in the case." 

The common method of caring for them, for many years, 
was to " vendue " them to the lowest bidder. In this way they 
were taken to the homes of those citizens who were able and 
willing to receive them and care for them on the lowest terms. 
Hence in 1790, there were small sums of money on account of 
the poor, due to David Putnam, David Cram, Benjamin Jones, 
Capt. Barron, Capt. Kidder, Ithamar Woodward, Uriah Cram, 
James Boutwell, Solomon Cram, Jacob Cram and John Smith, 
all of whom shared in this work, although only Mr. James 
Boutwell and Capt. Barron were the overseers of the poor. The 
selectmen were frequently chosen also overseers of the poor. 
This custom long retained its hold. There was a slight de- 
parture from it when Joseph Jones and Israel H. Goodridge, in 
1825, were chosen overseers of the poor, though the latter was 
also one of the selectmen. But in 1826, an entirely distinct 
board of overseers of the poor was chosen, and the next year 
the town voted "to purchase a farm," and chose Israel H. 
Goodridge, Asa Manning, Capt. William Clark, Jotham Hil- 
dreth and Elias Mclntire, a committee to purchase the farm, 
and also stock and tools, and to make all necessary repairs on 
the buildings. 

Of the several farms purchasable, that of Mr. Eleazar Wood- 
ward, containing 133 acres, was bought for fifteen hundred 
dollars. The committee reported that they paid for all, live 
stock, tools, repairs and household stuff two thousand, one 
hundred and seven dollars and eighty-seven cents. The re- 
port was accepted by the town, and thus its experiment of car- 
ing for the poor upon its own farm was tried. 

The names of the superintendents and their terms of service 

Levi Mclntire, 1828, 1829, Town Records, Vol. IV, pp. 82, 109; Israel 
Woodward, 1830, 1831, pp. 133, 156; David Holt, 1832, p. 184 ; Jesse Read, 
1833, 1834, pp. 209, 238; William Carson, 1835, p. 264; James Grant, 


1836-1838, pp. 292, 332, 357; George Smith, 1839, p. 385; William 
Fisher, 1840, 1841, pp. 419, 455; Samuel Jones, 1842-1844, pp. 477, 501, 
534; Samuel Jones, 1845, Town Records, Vol. V, p. i ; Sylvester Proctor, 
1846-1848, pp. 28, 44, 64 ; Mynard Button, 1849, p. 93 ; Persons S. Holt, 
1850, p. 122; James Grant, 1851, p. 158; Henry Clark, 1852, p. 184; James 
R. Wright, 1853-1858, pp. 226, 262, 304, 353, 409, 451; Ebenezer Fisk, 
1859, p. 481; William Ryerson, i860, Town Records, Vol. VI, p. 19; 
B. F. Woodbury, 1861-1865, pp. 99, 122, 177, 223, 271 ; A. F. Clark, 1866, 
p. 367 ; Martin Whitney, 1867-1869, pp. 419. 465 ; D. G. Dickey, 1870, 
Town Records, Vol. VII, p. 20. 

In 1870, the town voted to sell its farm and all personal prop- 
erty. The sale was effected April 16, 1870, the net proceeds 
amounting to $5601.18. Since that time our town has adopted 
the county system. 


The annual town meeting in lyyndeborough, March i, 1803, 
voted ' ' to choose a committee to send an answer to the request 
of the town of Portsmouth respecting the sufferers by the late 

Benjamin Jones, Esq., and Peter Clark, Esq., together with 
the selectmen, Jonathan Butler, Daniel Putnam and Oliver 
Whiting, were chosen as this committee. We have found no re- 
port of their doings. But the character of the men composing 
the committee forbids us to think that they were either indiffer- 
ent to the suffering or inefficient in affording relief. 

Respecting this fire in Dec, 1802, one of the historians of 
N. H. wrote : "Near the close of the year, the town of Ports- 
mouth was visited by a most calamitous conflagration, which 
consumed more than a hundred buildings, and laid waste a fair 
and important portion of the place. The amount of property de- 
stroyed was estimated at two hundred thousand dollars ; and more 
than forty-five thousand were contributed in various places for 
the relief of the sufferers."* 

But a much more disastrous conflagration occurred in Ports- 
mouth near the close of the year 181 3, by which nearly four 
hundred buildings were reduced to ashes, including a flourish- 
ing portion of the town. ' ' More than one-fourth of these were 
dwelling houses, many of them large and elegant. So intense 
was the fire, that in the evening, the reflection of the light from 
the clouds was visible in the western parts of the State, and even 
in Vermont to the summits of the Green Mountains, a distance 
of more than one hundred miles. Earge contributions of money 

♦Whiton, p. 171. 



and provisions" were collected from all quarters for the relief of 
the numerous sufferers."* 

In these contributions it is pleasant to know that our town 
had a generous share. A little subscription book, an interest- 
ing relic, now yellow with age, yet well preserved, and written 
in the neat, legible penmanship of Nathan Wheeler, gives evi- 
dence of the interest our town's people manifested in contribut- 
ing for the relief of the distressed. Every page contains the 
name or names of Revolutionary veterans and of citizens then 
prominent in the town's affairs. A sample page from the an- 
cient document would certainly interest the curious and awaken 
memories of some who were both loved and honored in their 


Very much might be said in various connexions of some of 
the men on our list below. In the days of the Revolution, 
Ephraim Putnam bought the ammunition, James Boutwell kept 
the "powder dry," and Peter Clark and his company fired it 
away at Bennington and at Saratoga. Again, while six of those 
named served but one year each, yet their brief service in no 
wise indicated any inferiority; for one of them was a revolution- 
ary minute-man, another the first native of Eyndeborough to 
become a college graduate, and a third a soldier in our civil 
war. The second column furnishes the names of those distin- 
guished for many years of service, that of Nehemiah Boutwell 
appearing four times, and representing nineteen years of service; 
that of Nathaniel T. Mclntire eighteen years, I^evi P. Hadley 
fourteen years, and that of Josiah Wheeler, who surpassed all 
others, thirty-two years of continuous service. Surely these 
may be justly reckoned as among the ofl5cial worthies of our 

1765-73 Ephraim Putnam 
1774-77 James Boutwell 
1778-91 Peter Clark 

No record of Treasurer's name 
from 1782-90. But the name 
was presumably omitted by 
1 791 Jeremiah Carleton 

1792-95 Dr. Benjamin Jones 
1796-97 Capt. William Button 
179S-1802 Jacob Dascomb 
1803-04 Jonathan Butler 
1S05-06 Dr. Benjamin Jones 

1807 Caleb Huston 

1808 Jacob Richardson 

1809 Nehemiah Boutwell 

1810 Jacob Richardson 
1811-1S Nehemiah Boutwell 
1819 Timothy Richardson 
1820-24 Nehemiah Boutwell 
1825 Aaron Barnes 
1S26-30 Nehemiah Boutwell 
183 1 Oliver Bixby 
1832-64 Josiah Wheeler 
1865-66 Samuel Jones 
1867-69 George E. Spalding 
1870-87 Nathaniel T. Mclntire 
1888 Byron Putnam 
1889-1902 Levi P. Iladley 
1903-05 Charles H. Tarbell 

* Whiton, p. 182. 



The Congregational form of church government, or govern- 
ment of the church by its members, originated with the Pilgrim 
fathers, and in its elementary form came with the Mayflower. 
In this new and rugged land it was nurtured by strong men 
whose memory of persecution for belief's sake was fresh and 
who had come to this country to enjoy religious liberty. This 
form of creed soon became the prevailing religion of New 
England. These Puritans wanted no elders or bishop to pre- 
scribe rules of church government, for them, and like the de- 
mocracy they founded in civil government, the church must be 
of the people, for the people and by the people. 

Ecclesiastical history was an integral part of our town history 
for nearly a hundred years, as during that time the minister was 
paid by the whole town. The first settlers of lyyndeborough 
were trained in the Puritan faith, and brought with them the 
Bible and catechism. They observed the Sabbath and under- 
stood the advantages of public worship. They were men and 
women of fortitude, courage and perseverance, and they had 
need of those qualities to effect a permanent settlement here. It 
was a wilderness far from the villages of eastern Massachusetts 
from which they came. Their life was one of unceasing toil in 
overcoming the obstacles nature had placed. in the way of their 
making homes. They had few books, no newspapers, and 
houses were widely scattered and separated by dense forests. 
They desired to have the Gospel preached to them in their new 
home, and it was a part of their contract with the proprietors 
that they should have a meeting-house and preaching within 
five years after the settlement began. The proprietors were 
interCvSted to do their part, so far as possible. But it was so 
much easier to vote at Salem than it was to carry out the 
vote in Salem-Canada that the progress at first was slow and 

*By kiud permission of Rev. Frank G. Clark we availed ourselves of that portion of 
his excellent Historical Address which relates to the history of the old Congregational 
church. This Address was delivered at the celebration of the One Hundred and Fiftietli 
anniversary of the settlement of the town. We have copied it extensively, and it has 
been of invaluable assistance in preparing this part of our Town History. 



The church in those days represented much more to its mem- 
bers than now. It was the tribunal before which the differences 
of the neighborhood were brought for settlement. It kept a 
v/atchful eye on the walk and conversation of the communit5^ 
It was at a meeting of the church that a charter for the town was 
proposed, and at a later meeting it was voted to obtain a charter 
and appoint a committee to get it. 

The long sermons of the Sabbath meeting gave the only op- 
portunity to have thoughts quickened and minds enlarged and 
educated. The isolation of the people's lives made them turn to 
the church for comfort. 

The proprietors voted March 7, 1739, to place the meeting- 
house as near the centre of the township as it could be, and a com- 
mittee was appointed "to look out a convenient spot for the 
same, and make report at the next meeting, and to clear a road 
from the end of the road already cleared to the said meeting 
house place." The place selected was on Putnam hill, east of 
the south village, in the upper end of the field north of Edwin 
H. Putnam's, partly on lot 41 and partly on lot 44, at the west- 
ern ends of said lots. Benjamin Lynde donated twenty acres 
and John Cram ten for the use of the meeting-house, which was 
to be set on the road adjoining said lots. They voted to " build 
and set up a good frame, thirty-five feet long, thirty feet wide, 
and twenty feet stud, on or before May 10, 1740, and to under- 
pin the same with good, handsome stones." But for various rea- 
sons the frame was not raised until September 24, 1741. The 
bills for raising the frame as approved by the proprietors indi- 
cate that the rum and sugar used on the occasion cost more (six- 
teen pounds and six shillings) than the bread, fish and cheese 
(eleven pounds and five shillings) . It took liquor in those days 
to hew timber and put up frames, and one would judge it was 
not used sparingly. The frame stood uncovered for a long time. 
The proprietors voted Aug. 23, 1743, to finish the meeting- 
house : viz. , ' ' boarding sides and ends with feather-edged boards, 
to board and shingle the roof and put on weather boards, and 
finish the covings, to make and hang all the outside doors ; to 
lay a double floor below ; to make six seats on each side ; to fix 
pillars under the galleries ; to make a conveniency for the min- 
ister to stand in to preach, and to glaze the said house with 
glass seven inches one way and nine the other way, and to make 
five windows." 

There is evidence from the records that the house was 


boarded and shingled, but there is nothing to show that it was 
ever finished. No doubt it was used for a time, but no evi- 
dence of it can be found in any records. Eleven years later, 
Oct. ID, 1754, a committee was appointed to "view the meeting- 
house and see in what manner it can be made suitable for public 
worship," and five years later, in 1759, the proprietors voted an 
appropriation ' ' for a new meeting-house to be erected for the 
accommodation of the present inhabitants. ' ' After the strip was 
taken from Salem-Canada and given to No. 2, or Wilton, the 
first location of the meeting-house was no longer near the centre 
of the town, and this explains the reason for building a new 

But they did not wait to have a meeting-house built before 
they provided preaching, for the records of the proprietors for 
Dec. 10, 1 74 1, read, "It being put to vote whether the word of 
God should be preached in the town this winter, passed in the 
affirmative, and six pounds were granted for that purpose." 
Aug. 23, 1743, John Cram, Jacob Putnam and John Dale, Jr. 
were appointed a committee to procure a minister to preach, and 
three pounds, old tenor, were allowed for as many days as they 
shall have preaching for the next six months ensuing. 

The following letter was sent to Lyndeborough by the propri- 
etors, Dec. 25, 1755, in answer to a petition for a minister: — 

To the inhabitants of Lyndeboro': 
The committee of the proprietors met together on your peti- 
tion for having the preaching of the Gospel continue among 
them, and considering your earnest request (with which we are 
well pleased) and the advantage it may be to the spiritual and 
temporal interests of the town, have resolved to allow such Gos- 
pel minister as you shall get to preach for the three following 
months $6.10 old tenor for every Sabbath after the twenty-fifth 

of the instant month. 

I am in the name 

Your Assured Friend 
Salem Dec 25, 1755 B. I,ynde. 

The first meeting in I^yndeborough, in the interests of a 
settled ministry of which there is any record, is suggestive of 
the practical piety of those days. It was held at the house of 
Ephraim Putnam, The record of the meeting is as follows : 

1. Chose Jonathan Cram, moderator. 

2. Chose Jacob Welmau, society " dark." 


3. Voted " to keep a day of fasting and prayer for the bless- 
ing of Almighty God in "chusing" a "minester" and settling 
church order. 

4. Voted "to send for Mr. Daniel Wilkins of Sowhegan 
West and Mr. Daniel Emerson of Hollis, and Mr. Joseph 
Emerson of Pepperill to carry on the work of the above said 
day of fasting which was the 23rd day of September, 1756, and 
to give their advice on the " waitty afair "of " setteling a min- 

5. Chose Jonathan Cram, Jacob Wellman and Benjamin Cram 
a " commity " to carry on the Business of this .society till the 
' ' next munday ' ' after the above S'' day of fasting. 

Jacob Wellman, Society Clerk. 

The above s'' day of fasting was kept and two of the ministers 
they sent for came and carried on the work of the day, and 
advised them to " settel " a minister. 

At a meeting of the inhabitants of Lyndeborough, held Sept. 
27, 1756, it was voted " to choose a minister at that time." 

"Mr. John Rand who is our present teacher" was unani- 
mously chosen to settle among us in the work of the ministry 
in the Congregational way of worship and church government. 
But Mr. Rand was evidently absent from town at the time, for 
at a meeting held June 6, 1757, it is recorded "that Mr. John 
Rand being gone from us a long time ; voted not to wait any 
longer for Mr. John Rand's return." Without being in " Law- 
full " means to hear from him, and if he is not " lyikely " to 
come to preach the Gospel to us any more, to try for another 
man to preach the Gospel to us. 

Sept. 12, 1757, it was voted " that the society will pay what 
the proprietors fall short of nine pounds silver old tenor for 
each Sabbath that Mr. Nathan Holt shall stay and preach the 
Gospel to us from the date hereof." 

Mr. Holt probably supplied the church until the following 
December. At an adjourned meeting of the society, held Oct. 
31, 1757, it is recorded that " Mr. John Rand emplo}^ six weeks 
every year in the service of the ' Neighboring ' towns which are 
destitute of Pastors." This was a permission. It was also 
voted "to appoint John Johnson, Jonathan Cram, Ephraim 
Putnam, Moses Stiles and Ephraim Powers a committee to con- 
sult with Mr. Rand with respect to a council for his ordination." 


On the fifth of December, 1757, a church was organized, Rev. 
Mr. Clark says, with eight male members and perhaps twenty 
or more in all. He also says that " this was the seventh church 
organized in the county and that there was no church on the 
north and west nearer than Keene and the nearest on the south 
and west were Amherst, Nashua and Hollis." This church or- 
ganized that December day was a controlling influence in the 
development of the town for nearly a hundred years. 

Dec. 7, or two days after the organization of the church, Mr. 
John Rand was ordained, and the following is the record of the 

' ' On the seventh day of the same month Mr. John Rand was 
ordained a ' pasture ' of this church by Mr. Hemingway of 
North Town, Mr. Emerson of Holis Mr. Meril of Nottingham 
and Mr. Wilkins of Souhegan west and their delegates and the 
church under the care of Mr. Joseph Emerson in peperil." Mr. 
Rand was to receive forty pounds from the proprietors as a 
settlement, payable in three instalments, and a yearly salary of 
forty pounds, and the society was to furnish him with a certain 
amount of wood. In addition to this he was to have one shil- 
ling for each soul in town, the number of shillings increas- 
ing with the increase in population. This would make his 
salary about $400, probably. 

Mr. Rand lived for a time on what is now called the Boutwell 
place. It would be hard to say at this time whether this first 
minister of the church in I^yndeborough had a successful pas- 
torate or not. The records would seem to show that there were 
misunderstandings between pastor and people. Perhaps his 
ideas were a little in advance of the times. Rev. Mr. Clark 
says of him that ' ' he was said to have been Arminian in doc- 
trine but inclined to the Episcopal form of worship. He occa- 
sionally ministered to a few persons of the latter denomination 
then resident in Goffstown and Bedford but was never again 
settled in the ministry." He was dismissed from the church in 
lyyndeborough April 8, 1762. For further record of Rev. John 
Rand, see Genealogies. 

The first record of the choice of tything-men was on March 
5. i759> when Ephraim Powers and Moses Stiles were chosen. 

At a meeting of the society, held Sept. 6, 1759, it was put 
to vote by the moderator whether the society would accept of 
the proprietors' vote of money at their last meeting for the 


building of a meeting-house in the township of Lyndeborough 
which "passed in the negative." Rev. Frank G. Clark com- 
ments on this vote as follows: " The proprietors voted to appro- 
priate ;^i3-8s-6d for glass and nails for this house, but the aid 
was declined by the people, probably on account of the small 
sum offered. Tradition says the people were .so much dis- 
pleased with Benjamin L,ynde, Jr. Esq., that they thought seri- 
ously of changing the name of the town, showing that they had 
grit as well as grace." '\ 

In March, 1758, Melchizedek Boffee and Ephraim Powers 
were chosen a committee " to take care and see that there is no 
disorder on the Sabbath day for the year ensuing." Probably 
they were meant to be tything-men. 

The first record in regard to the meeting-house above men- 
tioned, is dated Oct. 31, 1757, and is as follows: "Also voted 
that the meeting-house shall be set on the road that goes from 
y* Beaver pond bridge to Jonathan Cram Jun. on a place called 
the Rockey Hill not further from a place called the Rocky ledge 
on the road to the lower corner of the town so called than the 
said bridge is." This would seem to be the road to Johnsons' 

Dec. 7, 1758, the society bound themselves to build a meet- 
ing-house on the Rev. John Rand's lot, lying east of Jonathan 
Cram Jun. not exceeding forty rods from the southwest corner 
of s*^ lot. "Jonathan Cram, Benjamin Cram, and John John- 
son were chosen a committee to see that the aforesaid meeting- 
house is built, and to receive the particular sums which the 
signers for the said house shall bind themselves to pay," and 
this committee was instructed " to go on and build the house the 
first year from the date hereof, the galleries and ceiling over- 
head excepted." 

This second meeting-house was built somewhere in the field 
east of the Button house, near the intersection of the roads, or 
north of that on the Boutwell place. The forty-rod |limit would 
cover either location. We can find no record of the dimensions 
or general plan of this meeting-house. It was probably finished 
within the year named. Rev. Mr. Clark says, " it was occupied 
only about ten 3^ears and tradition says it was then moved 
nearer the centre, used as a dwelling-house and afterward 

March i, 1762, at a meeting of the society it was "voted to 
ask for an incorporation of this township." 


March 5, 1764, at a meeting of the inhabitants of Lyndebor- 
ough, " voted to choose a committee to procure a charter of this 
township now called Lyndeborough " ; "voted John Stephen- 
son a committee to procure a charter." 

For five years after the dismissal of Rev. John Rand the 
church was without a settled pastor. The pulpit was supplied 
by Rev. John Wyeth of Cambridge, and a call was extended to 
William Clark and to the Rev. Antipas Steward, but both de- 
clined the invitation. 

After the incorporation of the town there seems to have been 
some question as to whether the proprietors would continue to 
assist in supporting the minister, and June 6, 1764, at a meeting 
of the inhabitants of the town, Jonathan Cram was chosen a 
committee to ' ' treat with the proprietors of this township to see 
if they will continue to allow us money, whereby we may be en- 
abled to hire preaching." 

It was about this time (1764) that there began to be dissatis- 
faction with the location of the meeting-house. Sept., 1764, 
this article was inserted in the warrant for a town meeting : 
' ' To see if the town will hold their meetings for public worship 
on the Sabbath so as to better accommodate the south corner of 
the town or otherways ease them of paying any charges toward 
the minister's board." The town voted to dismiss the article 
for the present. This was the beginning of a long controvers}^ 
over the location of the proposed new meeting-house. The 
southeast corner of the town was granted preaching a quarter 
part of the time at Jacob Cram's house, known as the Har- 
wood place, where A. A. Melendy now lives. Those living 
north of the mountain, were, of course, very desirous of having 
the meeting-house as near as possible. After a large section of 
the town had been set off to form No. 2, or Wilton, it was con- 
tended by the inhabitants in the north part of the town that the 
house was not then in the centre of the township, and that if the 
town should build a new house it ought to be set further north. 
It was voted Dec. 12, 1765, to build a meeting-house on lot No. 
69, said house to be fifty feet long and thirty feet wide and 
eighteen feet stud. This would be not far from where George 
E. Spalding now lives. 

The inhabitants of Johnson's Corner and Bevin's Corner were 
not satisfied with this, and seventeen men signed a protest as 
follows : " that we do not yield or consent unto it for the reasons 
that followeth viz. we think the dimentions of the house are not 


properly given, but if they ware we are not able to defray the 
charges, besides we are of the opinion that the place is very in- 
commodious for setting a meeting-house, and that we are not 
able to settle and support a minister." The next year, July 21, 
1766, it was "voted in order that the inhabitants of the most 
eastwardly part of this town cordially join with the other inhabi- 
tants of said town in settling the Gospel that the meeting-house 
be built about half way between where the meeting-house is 
fixed by the proprietors, and where the meeting-house now 
stands, that is before the door of Mr. Gould's house, where a 
heap of stones is this instant laid by the inhabitants of this 

Rev. Frank G. Clark says, "The town-meeting was ad- 
journed long enough to erect this monument of their com- 
promise." But it is evident that all did not accept the compro- 
mise, for article 2 of a warrant for a meeting of the inhabitants 
of the town, March 5, 1768, reads as follows: "To see if the 
town will hear the petition of Josiah Button and others of the in- 
habitants of the westerly part of the town respecting setting the 
meeting-house so as to better accommodate them, than where 
the town has agreed to set it." The result of this meeting was 
the agreement to ' ' leave it to a mutuil committee ' ' chosen be- 
tween the petitioning party and the town to "fix the meeting- 
house." The tnembers of this committee were Col. John Goff 
of Bedford, Col. Samuel Barr of Londonderry and Col. John 
Hale of Hollis. The church militant was evidently well 
represented by this committee. They decided that the spot last 
chosen by the town, where the " monumint " of rocks was 
erected, was the most suitable place, and here the meeting- 
house was built. It stood where the present town house now 
stands. Commenced in 1769, finished in 1772, it was used by 
the church and the town for sixty-five years and by the town for 
eight years more. Its dimensions were fifty feet long by forty 
feet wide and twenty-two feet stud. 

The record of the disposal of the pews is as follows : March 
14, 1769, " Voted that the pews shall be laid out and prized by 
a committee and that the highest ' payor of rates ' shall have 
the refusal of the highest pew 'at the price,' and if it is not 
agreeable to him to take it at the price, the next highest payor 
shall have the same liberty, and that the money paid for the 
several pews shall be laid out in finishing the meeting-house." 

The following description of this old church is from the pen 


of the late David C. Grant : "It had three grand entrances with 
double doors surmounted by heavy caps, like a roof uith heavy 
cornices. It stood facing the south after the custom of the 
times, so as to be square with the sun at noon. The south door 
was covered by a porch about twelve by eighteen feet, with 
double flight of stairs leading to the galleries. This porch, like 
the house had three doors. The interior had a gallery on three 
sides. The singers were located in front of the pulpit. There 
were two or three rows of seats extending around the gallery, 
with free seats for men and boys on one side, and women and 
girls on the other, and many a meaning look and tender glance 
were exchanged in that holy place. Back of these free seats 
was a row of pews of the sheep pen pattern of those times, with 
seats around the sides. In the body of the church was one 
broad isle leading from the south entrance to the pulpit, and 
also a narrower one extending around the house, leaving a row 
of pews between it and the wall, raised about eight inches above 
the rest of the pews on the ground floor. The central part of the 
house had square pews with seats all around, so that the chil- 
dren and servants sat with their backs to the minister. All the 
pews were surmounted with a railing ten or fifteen inches above 
the panel work, sustained by spindles like the rounds of a mod- 
ern chair. The front seats were hung, not on golden hinges, 
and were usually turned up during prayer, when all the congre- 
gation stood. With the Amen down came the seats with an al- 
most deafening roar, like that of the firing of the old slam-bang 
infantry in the sham fight of muster. The pulpit was built high 
upon the centre of the north side with nice panel work painted 
to represent mahogany veneer. Pulpits in those days were built 
for such fiery speakers as John Knox, of whom it is said, ' er he 
hade done with his sermone was sae active and vigorous, that he 
was like to ding the pulpit in blades and flie out of it.' Be- 
neath the pulpit in front was the deacon's seat, partially hidden 
by a wooden screen, to which the communion table leaf was at- 
tached, which could be let down when not in use. Over the 
minister's head was the indispensable sounding-board, nearly 
round and several feet in diameter, looking like an inverted top ; 
and children used to wonder what would become of the minis- 
ter if it should fall upon his head." 

Some time subsequent to 1845 this church edifice was sold to 
Jacob Butler, who tore it down and built a barn with its 

While the church and town were settling the question of when 
and where to build a new meeting-house, they were also wrest- 
ling with the problem of getting a new minister to come and set- 
tle among them. The Rev. Antipas Steward had been given a 
call but had declined, and the pulpit was being supplied from 
time to time. 


Jan. 20, 1767, the people of the town voted to give Mr. Sewall 
Goodridge a call to settle with them ' ' in the work of the minis- 
try of the congregational constitution." He declined this call 
and also a second, but accepted the third call with the proviso 
that he should be allowed to chose the two hundred acres which 
were to be given him as an inducement. 

Letter of acceptance of Rev. Sewall Goodridge : — 

To the Church and People of the town of Lyndeboro, greeting : 

My Brethren and Friends 

Dearly beloved in the Lord, 

Having taken upon myself to preach the 
Gospel of Christ in the world, and in the course of Providence, 
was called to preach the word amongst you, my brethren in this 
town ffer some considerable time, during which time you saw 
fit to give me a legal invitation to settle with you in the work of 
the ministry, and after due consideration I was led to repeatedly 
decline the acceptation of your proposals. Nevertheless endeav- 
oring to surmount all difficulties that lay in the way, upon as- 
surance that your ardent and sincere desire that I should yet 
undertake the work of a gospel minister among you, I have in 
some measure affected the same, and thereupon gave you en- 
couragement, so far as that if you saw fit you might renew the 
invitation, which I perceive you have done by a scroll delivered 
me by your committee, elected for that purpose, and having 
considered of the same, with all the circumstances on the one 
hand and on the other, With respect to your offer I accept 
them as free and generous, though small, yet according to your 
ability. But as the Proprietors have not discovered that gener- 
osity which the Proprietors in other places have and commonly 
do in like case, neither is the settlement itself agreeable or suf- 
ficient to establish a Gospel minister in the character and in the 
comfortable circumstances in which such an one ought to live 
and be supported. I have thought fit to return you a condi- 
tional answer viz. that if the proprietors over and above the 
land already voted as an encouragement in the settlement, with 
the privilege of choosing the same, will advance as a farther 
encouragement in the settlement, a sum in money equal to what 
they now annually advance for supplying the pulpit, upon this 
consideration I accept of your and their proposals to settle with 
you in the work of the ministry. At the same time not without 
a sense of my own inability insufficiency and unworthiness. 
Begging your prayers for me whenever you approach the foot- 
stool of divine grace ; That God of his infinite mercy would be 
with me at all times ; That his grace might dwell within my 
heart ; That his spirit may lead and guide me in all truth, even 
as it is in Jesus Christ, which is according to Godliness ; That 
his spirit may descend into ni}' heart even as a spirit of truth 
and purity, integrity and uprightness ; That I may be enabled 


to see more and more of the excellency and amiableness of that 
religion which I myself profess, and which I shall or may from 
time to time communicate to others; That I maybe made faith- 
ful and abundantly successfull to your souls and to the souls of 
all such as shall hear me ; That I may be enabled to preach 
Christ and Him crucified, and rightly and sincerely divide the 
truths of the Holy scriptures, and administer the oricles of God 
unto you in the truth and purity of the same ; That I may never 
be suffered to daub with untempered mortar, but that I may 
season with the true salt of the Holy Ghost. Finally that I may 
truly and sincerely administer the sacraments of the new testa- 
ment baptism and the L^ord's supper, that I may be supported 
under every temptation, carried through all the difficulties and 
dangers of this life in the fear of God blameless, That I may be 
a blessing to the church of Christ and people in this place ; 
That the blessing of Almighty God may rest upon us, and we 
be mutual blessings to each other, while here and hereafter ; 
That we may be presented before Christ without spot or wrinkle 
and join the Church triumphant on high in sounding forth the 
praises of Almighty God and our Savior Jesus Christ forever 
and ever Amen. S. Goodridge. 

Jan I, 1768 

Mr. Goodridge was ordained Sept. 7, 1768. He had been 
preaching in the town for some time previous. The council of 
ordination consisted of Rev. Zabdiel Adams of Ivunenburg, Mass, 
Mr. Goodridge's former pastor. Rev. John Payson of Fitchburg, 
Mass., Rev. Nathaniel Merrill of Hudson, Rev. Daniel Wilkins 
of Amherst, Rev. Daniel Emerson of Hollis, Rev. Joseph 
Emerson of Pepperell, Rev. Stephen Farrar of New Ipswich, 
Rev. Jonathan I^ivermore of Wilton and the Rev. Joseph Kid- 
der of Nashua. 

Rev. Mr. Clark in his Historical Address says of Mr. Good- 
ridge, "He was a liberty loving man, and when the coming 
storms of the Revolution began to lower, and the oppression of 
the mother country and the rights of men began to be dis- 
cussed all over the land, he and his people were not ignorant of 
these things, and both minister and people warmly espoused the 
cause of the colonies. In the second year of his pastorate, 
twenty-four united with the church, and there were additions 
almost every year for twenty years." 

The arduous duties of his parish impaired the health of Mr. 
Goodridge and he resigned in 1806, but the town continued him 
in office and voted him an annuity of one hundred dollars while 
he lived. For a biographical sketch of Rev. Sewall Goodridge 
and the terms of his settlement see Genealogies. 


It may be well at this point to insert a list of the members of 
the church. As no record of some of these families can now 
be obtained, it will be valuable for reference and is of historical 
interest. The list in the old church record book is not dated, 
but after careful comparison of the dates of baptism, and ad- 
mission, we think it fairly correct of those who were admitted 
to the church previous to 1780. 

Dea. Ephraim Putnam and Sarah his wife. 

Dea. Benjamin Cram and Elizabeth his wife. 

Jonathan Cram, Jr. and Mary his wife. 

John Johnson and Mary. 

Jacob Wellman and Jane his wife. 

Adam Johnson and Abigail his wife. 

James Johnson and Hannah his wife. 

William Carson and Isabella his wife. 

John Carkin and Elizabeth his wife. 

Moses Stiles and Phebe his wife, 

David Cram and Mary his wife. 

David Stephenson and Elizabeth his wife. 

John Stephenson and Abigail his wife. 

Melchizedek Boffee and Sarah his wife. 

Ephraim Powers and Lucy his wife. 

John Kidder and Triphena his wife. 

Andrew Fuller and Mary his wife. 

Asahel Stiles and Sarah his wife. 

Edward Spaulding and Elizabeth his wife. 

Stephen Spaulding and Martha his wife. 

Levi Spaulding and Anna his wife. 

Jonas Kidder and Huldah his wife. 

Joshua Hadley and Mary his wife. 

William Barron and Olive his wife. 

David Badger and Rachel his wife. 

Robert Badger and Hannah his wife. 

Eleazer Woodward and Hannah his wife. 

John Gould. 

James Boutwell and Mary his wife. 

Jacob Wellman, Jun. and Hannah his wife. 

Joseph Wilkins, Jun. and Phebe his wife. 

Nathan Person and Annie his wife. 

Widow Eunice Carleton. 

Widow Bevins. 

Widow Eunice Wilkins. 

Widow Carson. 

Beulah Holt wife of William Holt. 

Mehitable Russell wife of Peter Russell. 

Sarah Dutton wife of Benj. Duttou. 

Mary Stiles. 

Silena Gould. 

Abigail Stephenson. 


Ephraiin Putnam and Lucy his wife. 

Ephraim Putnam 3rd and Rachel his wife. 

Jonathan Chamberlain, Jr. and Margaret his wife. 

George Pearson and Elizabeth his wife. 

Benjamin Cram, Jr. and Olive his wife. 

John Row and Mary his wife. 

Osgood Carleton and Lydia his wife. 

Timothy Carleton and Rachel his wife. * 

Samuel Hutchinson and Bethy his wife. 

Joel Manwell and Phebe his wife. 

Thomas Boffee and Sarah his wife. 

F'rancis Epes and Mary his wife. 

Samuel Houston and Rachel his wife. 

Nathan Fisher. 

Jonathan Chamberlain and Elizabeth his wife. 

Benjamin Jones and Jemima his wife. 
Thomas Person. Jonathan Pearsons, Jr. 

Aaron Lewis. John Boffee and wife. 

Nathaniel Bachelder. Amos Pearson and wife. 

Peter Clark. Daniel Cram and wife. 

James Punchard. Israel Day and wife. 

Nathan Cram and Rachel his wife. Robert Day and wife. 
John Stiles and wife. William Blunt and wife. 

John Clark and wife. Jonathan Holt and wife. 

John Smith, Jr. and wife. Ephraim Kidder and wife. 

Phillip Fletcher and wife. . John Kidder, Jr. and wife. 

Uriah Cram and wife. John Hutchinson. 

Daniel Herrick and wife. Benj. Lewis and wife. 

Joseph Bachelder and wife. Stephen Farnum and wife. 

Ephraim Abbott and wife. John Hartshorn and wife. 

Jonathan Whittemore and wife. Thomas Hutchinson and wife. 

Jotham Blanchard and wife. Hannah Haggett. 

James Persons and wife. Huldah Cram. 

Solomon Cram. John Cram, Jr. and wife. 

Jonathan Pearsons and wife. 

In reading the old records of the church in Lyndeborough one 
is impressed with the amount of space taken up in recording the 
complaints, the dissensions, the church trials of its members. 
To the church in those days, or to the pastor, were brought the 
misunderstandings among the people of the town for settlement, 
or the church members for discipline. Rev. Mr. Clark in his 
Historical Address has this to say on the subject : "If the his- 
torian should estimate a church from the standpoint of its rec- 
ords simply, he would gain a very wrong impression of its charac- 
ter and work, for a record is made of all dissensions and difficul- 
ties, but nothing is said of the years of prosperity. The church in 
lyyudeborough was not alone in having occasions for discipline. 


The men of those times had strong will power. They had to 
contend with almost insurmountable difl&culties in establishing 
homes 'for themselves. The times developed a rugged inde- 
pendence and individuality of character, and it was not strange 
that some sparks of fire should fly when such flint and steel 
came in contact. But the spirit of their Master had a wonder- 
ful power over their lives, and when they found themselves wax- 
ing warm in debate, or troubled by each other's faults, they 
sought advice of neighboring churches, and were prompt to 
make suitable confession if rebuked by their councillor." 

The following extracts from the records of the church will 
doubtless be of interest to many. There is an undeniable charm 
in their quaintness, at all events. 

April ID, 1769, "After debate voted and chose Andrew Ful- 
ler, Osgood Carleton, and William Barron to take care and set 
the Psalm in lyyndeborough." 

May 3, 1770, it was " Voted that whereas the diflSculty that 
now labors in the chh. and congregation is such that it is 
thought by many nescessary that the heads of families have a 
voice with the chh. in the business of the day, provided they 
submit to the order of the chh : The case put and passed in the 

May 2, 1 77 1, the society " voted that there be provided at the 
expense of the church one ' Flaggon ' two platters and four 
cups, and a new table cloth for the service of the table of the 
Lord, and that there be one shilling Lawful raised upon the 
heads of every family that are members of the church for the 
above purpose." 

Before this vote was carried into effect, however, David Lewis 
and others, and John Gould presented the church with the 
larger part of a communion service, and in 1774 Benjamin 
Lynde presented the remainder. 

April 3, 1778, it is recorded " to see if the chh. will consult 
anything about the singing in the house of God on Lords day, 
as there are several persons tineasy about the same." 

As a result of this consultation Daniel Cram was chosen as- 
sistant chorister ; and it may be added that that uneasy feeling 
has pervaded the church more or less to this present day. 

Sept. 9, 1778, "Voted and chose Mr. Francis Epes, Dea. 
David Badger, Capt. Jacob Welhnan, Capt. Peter Clark, Capt. 
William Barron, Andrew Fuller, Esq., Mr. Nathan Person and 
Capt. John Stephenson a committee to consider, review, and make 


a new Draught of the Chh. Covenant, if they see proper and lay 
the same before the Chh." 

This committee attended to its duties and presented a new 
draught of the covenant, which was accepted by the church. 

Aug., 1779, " Agreed by a great majority of the church that 
every member stand or sit, as they may think it convenient at 
time of singing in Public Devotion in Lords day." 

Rev. Mr. Goodrich himself did not escape trouble in the 
church. At a meeting of the church held Jan., 1785, one of the 
members presented charges against him, much to the surprise (it 
is recorded) of every one present. These charges were : 

First. " I apprehend I can point out some particular times 
when liquor or strong drink has a different and ' unexpected 
effect ' with Rev. Mr. Sewall Goodridge to me and others as 
well as Mr. Goodridge himself according to his acknowledge- 
ment to the chh on the fourth of Nov. last." 

Seco7id. "I apprehend y*" Mr. Sewall Goodridge is charge- 
able with disregarding y*^ truth in y'' matter of moving y*^ fence 
belonging to y*" heirs of Dea David Badger Dec^." 

Third. " I apprehend the pastor chargeable with unfaithful- 
ness as to his word and promises in dealing with others. ' ' 

At the adjourned meeting of the church Mr. Goodridge an- 
swered the complaint as follows : — 

Art. I. "Though I have never been drunk with strong 
liquor yet I have perceived it to have at particular times a differ- 
ent effect from what I expected, but cannot allow by any means, 
I am become a slave to it." 

2^. "I know not even the color of a disregard for truth, 
though there was a contradiction." 

3"^. "I have never knowingly made a promise but I have 
either fulfilled or endeavored to fulfill it unless Providence shut 
the door by disappointment." 

The church dismissed the complaint, and the complainant ad- 
mitted ' ' that matters did not appear to him in such an aggravat- 
ed light as when he exhibited the complaint," at the same time 
expressing the most cordial affection and satisfaction. 

Again we quote from Mr. Clark's address ; " The highest out- 
ward respect was paid to the Christian ministry in those days. 
When the pastor approached the church on the Sabbath the 
people parted to the right and left, while the minister and his 
wife passed between, both parties politely exchanging civilities. 
When the services closed in church not an individual left his 


pew until the minister left the pulpit and passed down the 

For two or three years the church was without a settled min- 
ister, and on Aug. i, 1811, a call was extended to the Rev. 
Nathaniel Merrill. His favorable answer is dated Sept. 22, 
181 1. Before this, however, the church extended a call to Mr. 
Jesse Fisher of Princeton, but there is no further record. They 
also invited Rev. Jaazaniah Crosby of Hebron to settle with 
them, but the council refused to settle him because of unsound- 
ness in theology, and this council was the cause of much trouble 
to the church and of some bittterness among a few of its mem- 
bers. They tried to get Abraham Randall of Stow, Mass., but 
he wanted to be furnished twelve cords of good, hard, dry wood 
yearly. This condition the town would not accept. 

Rev. Mr. Merrill was ordained Oct. 30, 181 1, and the 
churches and pastors invited to assist were Rev. Elijah Parish, 
D. D., Byfield, Mass.; Rev. Isaac Braman of Rowley, Mass.; 
Rev. James W. Woodward of Norwich, Vt.; Rev. Jeremiah 
Barnard of Amherst ; Rev. Ebenezer Hill of Mason ; Rev. 
Thomas Beede of Wilton, and Rev. Ephraim P. Bradford of 
New Boston. 

It is somewhat difficult to estimate the value of the services 
of Mr. Merrill to the church and to the town at this late day. 
Almost a centur^^ has passed since his pastorate began. Tra- 
ditions tell and the records show that his long pastorate was an 
eminently successful one. The conditions of life in his parish 
were very different from what they were when the Rev. Sewall 
Goodridge was ordained. Sixty or more years had wrought 
great changes in the community. The vexatious question of 
the location of the meeting-house had been long settled, and the 
people had a church home suitable for their needs. The rude 
houses of the early times had been replaced by comfortable 
framed buildings. He had a united church to welcome his 
coming and he certainly justified their choice by heartily enter- 
ing into the work of building up the church ; and by the gentle 
and kind way of performing the duties of a country minister, 
he soon endeared himself to the townspeople. 

Rev. Mr. Clark says of him : " The new minister was a man 
of ardent temperament and tender sensibilities, and soon won 
the affections of his people. Feeling the power of the Gospel 
himself he knew well how to reach the mind and heart, and his 
ministry was long and very successful. Though many years 


have now elapsed he has not ceased to be lovingly remembered. 
He was a genuine son of consolation, and his ministerial 
brethren used to speak of him as the ' Beloved Merrill,' and he 
was often called by them to assist in revival work, for which he 
had peculiar qualifications." 

During Mr. Merrill's pastorate a religious association was or- 
ganized, and twenty-four persons signed its constitution which 
is said to be almost identical with that of the present Christian 
Endeavor Society. This was in 1823. From the meetings of 
this association, together with the work of the pastor, came 
the greatest revival the church in Lyndeborough ever expe- 
rienced. One hundred and seven united with the church at 
this time. One hundred and ninety-seven united with the 
church during the first twelve years of his ministry, and one 
hundred and fourteen more before he dissolved his connection 
with the church in Lyndeborough, making four hundred and 
eighteen in all. As Rev. Mr. Clark says, " A grand record for 
pastor and people." Mr. Merrill lived where E. K. Warren 
now lives, this place having been given to the town for a parson- 
age by Benjamin Lynde, Jr. It is best known now as the 
Bixby place. The following is a list of the members of the 
church just previous to Mr. Merrill's pastorate (1807). It will 
be noticed that there are mau}^ widows of members in the first 
list, and that only a small proportion of the old members re- 
main. But as this list contains the names of many families 
now extinct in town, we thought best to insert it : 

Rev. Sewall Goodridge and wife. Joel Manwell and wife. 

Dea. Peter Clark and wife. Benjamin Jones and wife. 

Dea. Samuel Houston and wife. James Punchard. 

Dea. Aaron Lewis and wife. John Clark and wife. 

Widow Carkin. Uriah Cram and wife. 

David Cram and wife. Widow Eleanor Whittemore. 

Widow John Stephenson, Jotham Blanchard and wife. 

Andrew Fuller and wife. John Boffee and wife. 

Jonas Kidder and wife. Ephraim Kidder and wife. 

Widow Barron. Livy wife of Samuel Steward. 

Widow Rachel Badger. Widow Hartshorn. 

Widow Hannah Badger. Thomas Hutchinson and wife. 

Eleazer Woodward and wife. Huldah Cram wife of John Cram. 

Widow Mary Boutwell. Oliver Whiting and wife. 

Jacob Wellman. William Clark and wife. 

Widow L/Ucy Putnam. Johnathan Putnam and wife. 

Ephraim Putnam and wife. John Woodward and wife. 

Jonathan Chamberlain and wife. Charles Whitmarsh and wife. 

Benjamin Cram, Jr. and wife. The wife of Edward Ballard. 



Ephraim Putnam, Jr. and wife. 
Prudence Carkin. 
Wife of Andrew Smith. 
Aaron Carkin and wife. 
Eleazer Woodward, Jr. and wife. 
John Thompson and wife. 
Benjamin Holt and wife. 
Aaron Putnam and wife. 
John Wellman. 
Jacob Dascomb and wife. 

Israel Woodward and wife. 
Benjamin Goodridge and wife. 
Widow Sarah Ordway. 
John Haggett and wife. 
Nehemiah Boutwell and wife. 
Jacob Richardson and wife. 
The wife of David Putnam. 
Widow Sarah Gardner. 
Widow Mary Batten. 
Widow Sarah Button. 

Admitted between 1807 and 18 14 inclusive 

John Clark 2d and wife. 
William Clark, Jr. and wife. 
Widow Nancy Elliott. 
David Farrington and wife. 
David Woodward and wife, 
John Houston and wife. 
Wife of Osgood Hutchinson. 
William Jones and wife. 
James Whittemore and wife. 
Eben Hutchinson and wife. 
Israel H. Goodridge and wife 
Aaron Whittemore. 
Dudley Carleton. 
Jonathan Clark. 
Wife of Thomas Board man. 
Hannah Cram. 
Jane Smith. 
Hannah Epes. 
Daniel Epes. 
Charles Whitmarsh. 
William Hutchinson. 
Jacob Manning. 
William Holley and wife. 
Jonathan Butler and wife. 
Wife of Henry Cram. 
Wife of Moses White. 
Wife of Joseph Epes. 
Widow Polly Allen. 
Wife of John Proctor. 
Wife of Daniel Woodward 

Wife of Reuben Button. 

Permelia Lewis. 

Phebe Hutchinson. 

Hannah Hutchinson. 

Polly Whitmarsh. 

Asa Manning and wife. 

Widow Miriam Butterfield. 

Hannah Carleton. 

Trephina Butler, 

Joshua Sargent. 

Ephraim P. Russell. 

Widow Susanna Dutton. 

Wife of Jotham Hildreth. 

Anna Chamberlain. 

Bathsheba Holt. 

Aaron Woodward and wife. 

Sally Ordway. 

Wife of Daniel Putnam. 

Wife of David Woodbury. 

Wife of Amaziah Blanchard. 

Eli Curtis and wife. 

Wife of Ephraim Kidder. 

Fanny Ordway. 

Ruth Day. 

Warren Damon. 

Wife of John Sargent. 

Olive Chamberlain. 

Hannah Woodward. 

Hannah P. Woodward. 

Wife of Joseph Carter. 
Kver since the town was organized the expense of building 
meeting-houses and supporting the minister had been a town 
charge. In an act passed in 1792 the legislature provided that 
' ' the inhabitants of each town in this state qualified to vote as 
aforesaid, at any meeting duly warned and holden in such town, 
may agreeably to the constitution grant and vote such sums of 
money as they shall judge nescessary for the settlement mainte- 


nance and support of the ministry, schools, meeting-house 
schoolhouses, &c." 

But this law seemed to some to be unjust, and an agitation 
was started by persons of differing religious beliefs or of no re- 
ligious belief, to have this rule modified. This agitation re- 
sulted, in 1819, in the passing of what was called the " Toler- 
ation Act " by the legislature, which greatly modified existing 
law. The last clause of this act was as follows : ' ' Provided 
that no person shall be liable to taxation for the purpose of ful- 
filling any contract between any town and settled minister who 
shall prior to such assessment file with the clerk of the town 
where he may reside a certificate declaring that he is not of the 
religious persuasion or opinion of the minister settled in such 
town." This act "provided that each religious sect or denom- 
ination of Christians might form societies, and having done so, 
establish by laws, and have all the corporate powers which may 
be nescessary to raise and assess money by taxes upon the polls 
and ratable estates of its members." 

Some of the townspeople began to chafe under the necessity 
of paying a tax for the support of something in which they took 
no interest or to which they were openly or covertly opposed, 
and notifications began to be sent to the town authorities. 
Some of them read as follows : — 

" To the Selectmen of Lyndeborough. This may certify that 
I differ in religious opinion from Rev. Nathaniel Merrill and ob- 
ject to 3'ou or your successors in ofiice hereafter taxing my poll 
or estate toward the support of preaching in this town." 

" Sir : For particular reasons I wish not to be taxed to Mr. 
Merrill again until I think different." 

"Gentlemen: This may certify that I differ from Rev. 
Nathaniel Merrill's religion and therefore refuse to pay him any 
minister tax and shall not." 

Some time later church and state became separate institutions 
in lyyndeborough. On account of these changes in ministerial 
support Mr. Merrill resigned, and was dismissed July 28, 1835. 

Rev. Nathaniel Merrill, son of Thomas and Sarah (Friend) Merrill was 
born in that part of Rowley now called Georgetown, Mass., Dec. 4, 17S2. 
He married, Jan. 22, 1812, Betsey Carpenter, of Norwich, Vt. After leav- 
ing Lyndeborough he was settled in Wolcott, N. Y., in September, 1835. 
He died at Georgetown, Mass., July 4, 1839. He prepared for college at 
Dummer Academy, and was graduated from Dartmouth College in 1809. 
Several of his children were born in Lyndeborough, but we have no rec- 
ord of their births. The dates of their baptism are as follows: Almon 


Carpenter, baptised Jan. 3, 1813 ; James Hervey, baptised Nov. 27, 1814; 
Sarah, baptised May 27, 1819. 

It was during Mr. Merrill's pastorate that the celebrated 
' ' scarecrow ' ' case brought such trouble and discord into the 

It would seem that Mr. Joseph Kidder, who lived where Dea. 
N. T. Mclntire now lives, went after his cows one Sunday after- 
noon and saw the crows pulling his corn. He went over into his 
field and, cutting a stake, hung his coat upon it, as a makeshift 
until he could put up something more suitable. Old Grannie 
McMaster, who lived where Indiana Herrick now lives, saw him 
commit the crime and reported it to Mr. Eleazer Woodward. 
Now it is whispered that Grannie McMaster herself was out 
after ovenwood, but this is merely tradition. Mr. Woodward 
felt called upon to bring the matter before the church and have 
Mr. Kidder disciplined. His charges were five in number. 
Charge No. 3 reads: " That he had as he thought trespassed 
upon the rest of the Lords day by setting up or erecting objects 
in his cornfield on that day to prevent y'' crows from injuring it. 
Articles 4 and 5 were charges ' ' that Mr. Kidder travelled much 
on the Ivords day." 

"That he set out on a journey to the northern part of the 
state on the lyords day." 

Mr. Kidder promptly reported a countercharge that Mr. 
Woodward " disregarded the truth," and that he "put up some 
fence between his field and pasture on the Sabbath." 

This quarrel led to much trouble for the church. Mr. Wood- 
ward confessed that he put up the fence and asked forgiveness, 
but would by no means own that ' ' he had disregarded the 
truth." Mr. Kidder was contumacious, and many church 
meetings and finally a council of neighboring churches were 
needed to settle it. It may be said that many of the members 
of the church saw the folly of investigating and bringing before 
the church charges so trivial, and entered a protest against their 
consideration. This trouble also led to the appointing of a com- 
mittee — a sort of ecclesiastical grand jury — before which all 
complaints must be made, the committee to determine if they 
should be brought before the church. 

It was while Mr. Merrill was pa.stor, also, that the question of 
warming the church was decided. All previous years the 
people had worshipped in a church without any fire to temper 
the cold of winter. It is one of the most amazing facts in the 


history of our forefathers. Any one who has lived through a New 
England winter must be impressed by the amount of grit or grace 
it took for the congregation to sit quietly, on a zero day, and listen 
to two long sermons, with the temperature of the room raised 
only by the heat of their own bodies. Some were tired of it, and 
asked permission to set up stoves. It may be said, however, 
that the women used to carry into church a tin foot stove filled 
with coals and these were refilled at some of the neighboring 
houses, to last through the afternoon service ; but the men 
scorned such devices. Jan. 2, 1822, the town granted certain 
individuals the right to set up stoves in the meeting-house, and, 
strange as it may seem, there was some opposition and consider- 
able excited discussion of the question. One old Revolutionary 
hero is reported as saying, " I have attended church these fifty 
years ; I have fought the British seven years ; I have slept in a 
tent on the frozen ground with nothing but a blanket to cover 
me ; I have trod the snow path with bleeding feet nearly naked, 
and if Mr. Merrill wants a fire let him go to the place where 
they keep one all the year round." 

It would seem from the records that for a few years the 
church depended upon voluntary subscriptions to support the 
ministry, but just what years is not clear. Nov. i, 1839, this 
resolution was placed on record, " Resolved that this church 
feels and ever has felt the importance of supporting a preached 
Gospel in the centre of the town, that it is the duty of all its 
members to contribute for this object according to the ability 
which God has given them. Whereas the duty of raising funds 
devolves upon the Society with which the church is connected, 
and whereas all the members of the church are not members of 
the society, therefore it is expedient to use means to have all 
the members of this church who do or may reside in town bear 
an equal share of the expense. Voted that this church request 
the society to instruct the wardens of the same, that when a tax 
is laid upon the members of the society it be laid upon all the 
members of the church who may reside in town in equal pro- 
portion with those of the society." This shows that previously 
to that date, they were raising money by taxation. This 
method evidently proved very unsatisfactory. The records are 
full of complaints against' those who for various reasons did not 
pay, and of the reasons they gave for not paying. The system 
was causing endless trouble and vexation, so that in 1846, 
March 3, they returned to the plan of voluntary subscriptions, 


and Daniel Woodward, Jr., and Sherebiah Manning were 
chosen a committee to go through the town and solicit funds. 
But this was not for a long time and seems to have proved a 
failure, for the next year, 1847, they again resorted to taxation 
of the church and society members, and this plan was con- 
tinued for some years. Some of the members were negligent 
about paying these taxes ;"some on the plea of not receiving an 
income from the property taxed ; some entered the plea of 
poverty and it finally became necessary to call a council to 
advise how these delinquents should be dealt with. In the 
case of one brother, they recommended ' ' that he first pay all 
he thinks he ought and not be mean^ and then reflect upon pay- 
ing the remainder." 

During the autumn of 1835 the church was supplied by the 
Rev. Jacob White, and at a meeting of the church and society 
held Oct. 27, 1835, they extended to him a call to become their 

He was to have five hundred dollars salary, and the society 
voted to furnish him with a suitable dwelling-house, (b}'^ his 
giving seasonable notice) for a reasonable rent. This last 
would seem to show that the old parsonage near where George 
E. Spalding lives, and which was presented by Benjamin 
Lynde, Esq., to the town, had been disposed of, or that when 
the church and town dissolved partnership the town kept the 
parsonage. We can find no record in regard to it, however, 
Mr. White's letter of acceptance is dated Dec. 12, 1835, a^^d he 
was ordained Jan. 13, 1836. 

The council was organized the preceding evening at the 
house of Royal B. Tupper, where Mr. White passed the exam- 
ination in the presence of most of the male members of the 
church and " a few females." The exercises the following day 
were at the meeting-house : 

Invocation by Rev. Mr. Jones of Greenfield. , 

Sermon by Rev. Mr. Aiken of Amherst. 

Ordaining prayer by Rev. Mr. Bradford of New Boston. 

Charge by the Rev. Mr. Whiton of Antrim. 

Right-hand of Fellowship by Rev. Mr. Richards of Francestown. 

Address to the church, Rev. Humphrey Moore of Milford. 

Concluding pra5'er by Rev. Mr. Jewett of Temple. 

Mr. White says, " that the day was pleasant and the house 
was so crowded that all could not get in, and that the exercises 
were solemn and interesting." 


After the pastorate of the Rev. Sewall Goodridge, the pastor 
of the church seems to have been the church clerk as well, and 
this continued until the end of Mr. Claggett's minivStry. 

Rev. Frank G. Clark says of Mr. White, " He was a thor- 
oughly educated man, a sound theologian, a good writer, and 
an able and instructive minister of the Gospel." 

Jacob White was born at East Bridgewater, Mass., Nov. 20, 
1806, and died in Lyndeborough while on a visit, April 3, 1865. 
He was graduated from Brown University in 1832, and ^t 
Andover in 1835. His health was not good while in Lynde- 
borough, and did not improve for a time after he left the town. 
He supplied for nine months at Plymouth, Mass., and was 
pastor at Orleans, Mass., from 1841 to 1861. In 1865 he re- 
moved to Bridgewater, his early home. In a historical address 
delivered June, 1839, he says of the church in Lyndeborough, 
" In conclusion I would observe that from a careful examination 
of the records, there appear to have united with this church 
since its organization, 84 years ago, about 750 persons. In 
this statement no estimation is made of those who may have 
been added during the twenty-three years the history of which 
is entirely lost. Of this number eleven have sustained the 
office of Deacon, eight have been licenced to preach the Gospel 
and some others are in course of preparation for this glorious 
work. The present number on our catalogue is not far from 

This record appears under date of Nov. 26, 1837: "Today 
the Congregational church and society in this place worshipped 
for the last time, as we suppose, in the old meeting -housed 

Mr. White preached on that day, a historical sermon from the 
text, Zech. 1:5. " Your fathers, where are they? and the 
prophets, do they live forever?" An original hymn was sung 
by the choir, written by Dr. Israel Herrick. 

Nov. 29, 1837. " This day the new meeting-house belonging 
to this church and society was solemnly dedicated to Father, 
Son and Holy Ghost. The exercises were solemn and interest- 
ing. The assembly was large and attentive. The services 
commenced at eleven o'clock in the morning and were as 
follows : 

Voluntary by the choir. 

Invocation ami reading of scriptures by Rev. Mr. Richardson. 

Anthem. " Our I,ord is risen." 

Prayer by Rev. Mr. Folsom. 


Psalm 122, Particular Meter. 

Sermon and prayer by the pastor. Text, 122 psalm, i verse. 

Anthem. " Assign to Jehovah." 

Dedicatory prayer by Rev. Mr. Bradford. 

Dedicatory hymn, composed by Dr. Israel Herrick 

and read by Benj. F. Clark. 
Concluding prayer by Rev. Mr. Jennison. 
Doxology sung by the whole congregation. 
Benediction, after which the choir performed an anthem. 

Jacob White, Pastor." 

Those who remember this occasion say that the singing was 
particularly good, the choir being augmented for the event. 

Mr. White was dismissed June 30, 1840, after four and a 
half years' of service. 

The first record of a Congregational society is dated March 
18, 1833. At a meeting held on that date the preliminary 
steps were taken to form a society to be known as the First 
Congregational Orthodox Society in I,yndeborough. Nehe- 
miah Boutwell was moderator, and Nathan Jones, clerk of 
this meeting. They chose Dudley Carleton, clerk, William 
Jones, treasurer and collector, and Israel H. Goodridge, Elias 
Mclntire, and Nathan Jones, wardens. The following notice 
was published in the Farmers' Cabinet, March 25, 1833. 


Is hereby given that Wm. Jones, Asa Manning, Elias Mc- 
lntire and Israel H. Goodridge, and their associates have 
formed themselves into a religious society by the name of the 
First Congregational Orthodox Society in L/yndeborough agree- 
ably to an act of the I^egislature passed July 3, 1827. 

Dudley Carleton, Clerk. 

It would seem that the society had some controversy with the 
town in regard to a ministerial fund, for at a meeting of the 
society held Jan, 16, 1835, it was voted " That the Wardens of 
the Society take legal measures to retain the ' fund ' provided 
it should be necessary." The records do not fully show how 
the controversy was settled. 

The first measures to build the present parsonage were taken 
Dec. 23, 1835, when at a meeting of the society it was "voted 
to chose a committee of five to ascertain the probable expense 
of building a parsonage and fix on a spot and report to this 
Society." This committee reported in favor of purchasing a 
spot of Joseph Jones, situated in the southeast corner of his 
field between Timothy Richardson's and Oliver Bixby's. But 


the inevitable wrangle over locating such buildings occurred, 
and June i, 1836, another committee was appointed, consisting 
of Dea. Benjamin Goodrich, Oliver Whiting, Oliver Perham, 
Jacob Butler, Elias Mclntire, Jotham Hildreth, Benjamin 
Jones, Daniel Woodward and Capt. William Clark. Their de- 
cision was to be " final and conclusive ' ' in regard to the pur- 
chase of land and the location of the spot on which to erect the 
building. No further record appears in regard to the matter of 
the location. The parsonage house was built by subscription 
and was finished and ready for occupanc)^ in November, 1837. 
Josiah Wheeler did most of the carpenter work, and the plans 
were his, modified somewhat by the Rev. Mr. White. Its cost, 
including barn and well, was $1567.41. 

At a meeting of the society held Jan. 16, 1837, the subject of 
building a new meeting-house was brought forward, and on 
Jan. 31, 1837, it was " voted to choose a committee to petition 
the Selectmen to insert an article in the warrant for the next 
annual Town Meeting requesting the town to sell the meeting 
house at public auction." This was the first step taken in the 
direction of building a new meeting-house. June 7, 1837, the 
society voted to build a new meeting-house. This house was to 
be built one hundred feet south of the parsonage house, leaving 
room for horse sheds &c., and the money to defray the expense 
was to be raised by shares of $25.00 each, taken by members of 
the society and others. The house was built and ready for use 
late in the fall of 1837 and has served the use of the church and 
society ever since. Its steeple has been struck by lighting one 
or more times and is now much lower than when first erected. 
It was dedicated Nov. 29, 1837, as has been before stated. The 
horse sheds were completed that year and in 1838. 

After the dismissal of the Rev. Mr. White, the pulpit was 
supplied by Rev. William Richardson, formerly of Wilton, 
and there was some desire to have him settled, but the majority 
of the society were unfavorable. Nov. 15, 1842, the church 
extended a call to the Rev. Ivory Kimball to become their 
pastor, the society concurring. They first offered him as salary 
$360.00, but afterward raised it to $400.00. In his letter of 
acceptance he says, "I accept your call on the condition that 
you pay me punctually." He was installed Dec. 28, 1842. 
The sermon was preached by Rev. Wm. T. Savage of Amherst ; 
in.stalling prayer by Rev. E. P. Bradford of New Boston; 
charge by Rev. John M. Whiton of Antrim ; Right Hand of 

/^/ fs. 


Fellowship by Rev. William Richardson of Deering. Mr. Kim- 
ball preached in Lyndeborough a little more than three years 
and was dismissed, Feb. 24, 1846. He was born at Wells, Me., 
Sept. 21, 1805 ; studied theology at Bangor Seminary; in 1834 
was ordained at Lemington, Me., where he was pastor until 
1841. He died July 24, 1853. 

July 16, 1846, the church and society extended a call to 
Erastus B. Claggett to become their pastor. He accepted and 
was ordained Sept. 30, 1846. It would be hard to overstate the 
value of the services of Rev. Mr. Claggett to the church and to 
the town. He was not only the minister, he was the citizen, 
taking great interest in everj^ material interest of the town. 
As the superintendent of schools he could call all the boys and 
girls in town, not only by their first but by their middle names, 
and he left an impress for good upon every youth with whom he 
came in contact. Of medium height, thin and spare, with keen 
but kindly black eyes, nose a little inclined to be hooked, ner- 
vous and spry, devoted to his calling, the valued friend and 
counsellor of all his people, he labored for twenty-five years in 
the church, and for the town of Lyndeborough. He was never 
a strong man, physically, but had an endurance which enabled 
him to bear the burden of life as a country minister. Rarely or 
never was he unable to p^form his parish duties. 

Rev. Mr. Clark sa5'^s of him : " He was eminently qualified by. 
his literary attainments, his warm, sympathetic nature, and his 
entire consecration to do a noble work in his Master's service. 
He entered heartil)^ into every interest of the town. He advocated 
and helped to sustain lyceums and public lectures for the bene- 
fit of the community and was a prime mover in the establishing 
of the Franklin Library Association. He served thirteen years 
as superintendent of schools, and was instrumental in greatly 
raising the standard of scholarship, and in securing new and im- 
proved schoolhouses. He encouraged the scholars to continue 
their studies beyond the common school, and gave his time 
cheerfully and without compensation in teaching them in prepa- 
ration for academy or college. He was a warm friend of the 
cause of temperance, and of the oppressed colored race, and by 
his words and efforts greatly stimulated those who went forth in 
defense of the Union. He was devoted to the spiritual interests 
of the whole town. If the people could not, or would not, come 
to the church, he was ready, with much bodily discomfort, to go 
to the out-districts and hold meetings. Ninety united with the 


church during^ his pastorate, and many of the young people were 
trained in mind and heart for fields of usefulness in town and 

In 1864 he served with the Christian Commission, helping the 
Union cause the best way he could. 

At his ordination the sermon was preached by Rev. John 
Woods of Newport, and the Rev. Jonathan McGee of Frances- 
town, Rev. Bezaleel Smith of Mont Vernon, Rev. Leonard Ten- 
ney of Jaffrey and the Rev. Albert Manson of Bennington took 
part in the ceremony. 

Erastus Baldwin Claggett was born at Newport, May 9, 1815 ; entered 
Dartmouth College, but did not graduate on account of ill health, and 
was graduated from Andover in 1844. He was dismissed from his pastor- 
ate in Lyndeborough, Sept. 30, 1870, and died at New Fairfield, Conn., 
May 16, 1877. Just before coming to L/yndeborough, he married a Miss 
Paine, and during their residence in Lyndeborough five children* were 
born to them. 

Feb. 7, 1871, the society voted to hire the Rev. George Smith 
to labor with them in the ministry for one year from Feb. i, 
1 87 1. There is no record to show how long Mr. Smith preached 
for the church, and the engagements of the Rev, Newton I. 
Jones, Rev. Lyman F. Rand and Rev. Lincoln Harlow are not 
recorded. They served as pastors of the church during the 
years from 1871 to 1878. We have no further record of them. 

At a meeting of the church held Aug. 29, 1878, it was voted 
to extend an invitation to the Rev. Theophilus P. Sawin to be- 
come the pastor, provided the society concur with the church. 
The society concurred with the church and the invitation was 
sent. Mr. Sawin was to receive from the society three hundred 
and fifty dollars per year, with the free use of the parsonage, 
and also two Sabbaths' vacation. The Home Missionary Soci- 
ety was to be asked to add to this the sum of two hundred dol- 
lars, which they did. 

The members of the committee of the society sending the in- 
vitation were Benjamin G. Herrick, John C. Ordway and W. T. 
Boutwell. In a letter dated Sept. 28, 1878, Mr. Sawin accepted 
the invitation, and he was installed Nov. 20, 1878. The invoca- 
tion and reading of Scripture was by Rev. W. H. Woodwell of 
Mont Vernon ; Prayer by the Rev. Mr. Hubbard of South Lynde- 
borough ; Sermon by the Rev. Albert Bryant of West Somer- 
ville, Mass.; Installing Prayer by Rev. William Clark, D.D., 
of Amherst ; Charge to the Pastor by Rev. George Dustan of 


Peterborough ; Right Hand of Fellowship, Rev. F, D. Sargent 
of Brookline, N. H.; Address to the people by Rev. J. G. Davis 
of Amherst. 

Theophilus Parsons Sawin, son of Bela and Becca (Barber) Sawin, 
was born at Natick, Mass., Feb. 4, 1817. He studied at Phillips Acad- 
emy, and took a theological course with Rev. Parsons Cooke, D.D., 
of Lynn. He was ordained at Saugus, Mass., April 19, 1843, and dis- 
missed April 20, 1848. Installed at Harwich, Mass., March, 1850, and 
dismissed March 11, 1851. He was city missionary at Manchester from 
1851 until 1856, and from 1866 to 1869. He was installed at Brookline 
Dec. II, 1856, and dismissed May 18, 1866. He was acting' pastor at Re- 
vere, Mass., from 1869 until April, 1874; at Middleborough, Mass., from 
Jan., 1875, to Dec, 1877. He married, Jan. i, 1838, Martha, daughter of 
Robert and Phebe (Mclntire) Mason. 

Mr. Sawin was a man of genial presence, of social disposition, 
and soon won a warm place in the affections of the people of the 
church and parish. He performed the duties of pastor with 
scrupulous fidelity. Failing health compelled his resignation, 
Aug. 14, 1885. He was not dismissed, however, the church 
hoping that a cessation from active work might restore his 
health, and that he might be enabled to continue his work. He 
was the pastor of the church when he died, Jan. 19, 1886. 

After the resignation of Mr. Sawin the pulpit was supplied 
mostly by Andover students for a time, then Mr. D. T. Torrey, 
a recent graduate of the Andover Theological Seminary, 
was engaged. No record was made of the time he com- 
menced his labors or when they ended in this church, but he 
was the religious teacher of the community for more than a 
year. He was a young man of great energy and zeal in his 
Master's cause, an untiring worker, and was possessed of a 
great desire to do good in the church and town. His stay in the 
church in Lyndeborough tended to the uplifting and refining of 
the community. 

During the summer of 1881 the church received the gift of a 
fine communion service and also a Mason & Hamlin cabinet 
organ of good tone and power. They were given by former 
residents and friends of the church and town. The names of 
the donors are as follows : — 

Joseph E. Brown Julia A. Stark 

Allen A. Brown Clark B. Jones 

Roswell M. Boutwell Clarissa B. Colley 

Henry M. Woodward Sarah C. Rand 

Roland H. Boutwell Hattie Rand 

Jennie C. Deadman Rev. Frank G. Clark 



Nellie B. Hardy 

John F. Colby 

Riclaanl Batten 

Rachel Todd 

Amos Pratt 

Oscar Fowler 

Mrs. George W. Bosworth 

Mrs. Adams 

Josephine Stayner 

C. C. Boutwell 

Alfred F. Holt 

Mrs. C. A. Hurlburt 

Herbert Fiske 

Mrs. George Dodge 

Charles R. Boutwell 

Charles P. Clark 

William L. Whittemore 

Sewell G. Mack 

Dr. Henry E. Spalding 

Mrs. William Beasom 

Sidney Gage 

Freeman Kimball 

Mrs. Marshall 

Dolly Kimball 

Alice Kimball 

John Haggett 

Mrs. Jennie C. Upton 
Mrs. A. F. Hovey 
Ira Houston 
Abby F. Beard 
Mrs. William Blaney 
Harriet C. Jones 
George S. Jones 
John Gage 
Benjamin Fiske 
Robert Hawthorne 
David Fowler 
J. Kimball Wheeler 
John H. Clark 
William H. Grant 
Rufus Blanchard 
Peter H. Clark 
John Houston 
Isaiah Parker 
Sarah R. Dunbar 
Mary C. Pettingill 
David E. Proctor 
Asa B. Clark 
W. W. Curtis 
B.J. Boutwell 
Abby J. Hawthorne 
George S. Boutwell 

Sept. 22, 1888, a call was extended to the Rev. A. C. Childs 
to become the pastor of the church. He accepted the call in a 
letter dated Oct. 31, 1888, and on the 14th of November follow- 
ing, he was installed. Those taking part in the exercises were 
the Rev. John Thorpe of Mont Vernon, Rev. Dennis Donovan 
of South Ivyndeborough, Rev. E. H. Greely, D. D., of Con- 
cord, N. H., Rev. Cyrus Richardson of Nashua, Rev. J. H. 
Heald of Bennington, Rev. George W. Ruland of Greenfield. 
The sermon was by Rev. Frank G. Clark of West Medford, 
Mass. Mr. Childs' pastorate continued until Dec. 31, 1890, 
although he was dismissed Oct. 15, 1890. He was a man of 
sound orthodox theology, with a fitting sense of the dignity of 
the ministerial calling, performing his parish duties with fidel- 
ity, but with a rather ha.sty temper, withal, that detracted from 
his usefulness in the church. 

Andover students again supplied the pulpit until May 17, 
1891, when the Rev. L. D. Place was hired by the 3'ear. He 
closed his labors with the parish Nov. 12, 1893. Mr. Place was 
a man of commanding personality, inclined to liberality in his 
religious views, original in thought and an interesting preacher. 


After leaving Lyndeborough, he went to New York city, after 
a time, and is reported to have resumed the practice of law, 
having prepared himself for that profession, .and been admitted 
to the Bar before entering the ministry. 

During the winter of 1893-94 the pulpit was supplied by can- 
didates, among whom was Owen E. Hardy, a student at 
Andover, Mass. He was graduated in June, 1894. May 5, 
1894, the church and society united in giving him a call to 
become their pastor. He accepted the invitation in a letter 
dated May 17, 1894, but it was not until the 2nd of the follow- 
ing October that he was ordained and installed. The order of 
exercises was as follows : 

Invocation by Rev. D. Douovan of South Lyndeborough. 
Reading of scripture by Rev. H. S. Ives of Francestown. 
Sermon by Prof. J. W. Churchill of Andover, Mass. 
Charge to the Pastor by Rev. A. J. McGown of Amherst. 
Right Hand of Fellowship by Rev. Charles H. Button of Wilton. 
Charge to the people by Rev. Cyrus Richardson of Nashua. 
Closing prayer by Rev. Fred E. Winn of Brookline. 

Owen E. Hardy, son of Eliphalet J. and Sabrina (Jennings) Hardy, 
was born July 13, 1862, at Wilton, Me. He was born on a farm, where he 
lived until attaining his majority, his lot the same as that of the average 
farmer's boy, attending the district school as opportunity offered. He 
fitted for college at the May School, Strong, Me., graduating from there 
in June, 1887, entered Bowdoin College and graduated in 1891. He says 
of himself that he obtained all of his education by his own efforts, 
working his way through college by teaching and in other ways. He 
entered Andover Theological Seminary in the autumn of 1S91, and was 
graduated in 1894. He joined the church in 1881. This church was 
three miles from where he lived, and he says he "used to walk both 
ways most of the time." He preached one summer at North Anson, 
Me., and the next summer at Alexandria, South Dakota. He served 
while in college on the " college jury," the governing body of the stu- 
dents. He resigned his pastorate Feb. 5, 1899, and was dismissed March 
6, 1899, serving about five years. He removed to West Peabody, Mass., 
becoming the pastor of the church there. 

While here Mr. Hardy labored earnestly for the upbuilding 
of the church, in promoting lectures courses, and in all ways 
striving for the best interests of the community. 

June 26, 1899, the church extended a call to Arden M. Rock- 
wood of Andover, Mass., to became their pastor. He accepted 
the invitation and was ordained and installed Sept. 5, 1899. 
Those taking part in the ceremony were the Rev. Charles H. 
Button of Wilton, Rev. Donald Brown of Mont Vernon, Rev. 
George Merriam of Greenville, Rev. Fred F. Winn of Benniug- 


ton, Rev. W. H. Bolster of Nashua, Rev. A. T. Hillman of 
Concord, and Rev. A. J. McGown of Amherst. Prof. J. W. 
Churchill of Andover,, preached the sermon. He was 
dismissed Sept. 17, 1901, after a pastorate of two years. He 
accepted a call to become the pastor of a church at Wayland, 

For the next few months after the dismissal of Mr. Rockwood 
the pulpit was supplied by candidates. In June, 1902, Rev. 
Austin Dodge was engaged as supply. 

Austin Dodge, son of Moses and Susan (Wel)ster) Dodge, was born at 
Newburyport, Mass., March 4, 1839. He prepared for college at the 
Newburyport high school, and entered Amherst College in 1857 ; gradu- 
ated in 1861. He was graduated from the Andover Theological Seminary 
in 1866. He had pastorates at Winchendon, Mass., Boylston, Mass., and 
East Bridgewater, Mass., and came to the church at Lyndeborough from 
Burlington, Mass. He married, Oct. 11, 1866, Sarah S. Richardson of 
Dracut, Mass. Mrs. Dodge was a teacher in the Punchard High School 
at Andover, Mass. 

The present membership of the church (1904) is 15 males and 
45 females, a total of 60. 


The following is from a historical sketch written by Rev. 
Jacob White and dated June, 1839. It is interesting, though 
some of it is a repetition of what has already been recorded : — 

" The first catalogue of the members of the church now extant num- 
bers two hundred and three names. Among these is that of Mr. Jonas 
Kidder, who died about eighteen months ago, aged ninety-four years. It 
is probable that all those received under its first pastor have now fallen 

After the dismission of the Rev. Mr. Rand, the church was destitute of 
a pastor for a number of years. At length Mr. Sewall Goodridge was em- 
ployed as a candidate for settlement. Having preached a number of 
Sabbaths, it was the strong desire of the Church that he should become 
its pastor. To the first and second invitations extended to him he gave 
negative answers. But after he received a call the third time he resolved 
to comply with the request. Accordingly on Sept. 7, 1768, his ordination 
took place. 

During the first twenty years after the settlement of the Rev. Mr. 
Goodridge there appears to be an unbroken record of the names of those 
who united with the church. This is evidently in his own handwriting. 
The second year after his ordination there were twenty-four added to the 
church, a few about every succeeding year till 1788. After this to the 
close of his life, which is more than half the time of his ministerial labor, 
there is no church record to be found. Thus a space of about twenty- 
three years intervenes in which we do not know how many were added to 
the church, or how many ceased to be members from death or other 


From 1809 to 181 1 the church was destitute of a stated pastor. Even 
for some time previous, in consequence of the Rev. Mr. Goodridge's 
feeble health, it was not always favored with the regular administrations 
of divine ordinance. During the period that the people were without an 
uuder-shepherd to watch for their souls, a considerable number of minis- 
ters at different times supplied the desk. To some of them invitations 
were given to settle. But none of them proved effectual till Mr. Nathaniel 
Merrill gave his answer to remain, in the year i8n. On Oct, 30, in 
the same year, his ordination took place. 

How greatly his labors were blessed while he remained pastor of the 
church, many who now worship God in this house are ready to testify. 
Not a few look to him as their spiritual father in Christ. If any who 
heard the Gospel message as it fell from his lips are yet in their sins, it 
becomes them to seriously inquire whether the fault is not in themselves 
rather than in this devoted servant of God. 

When Mr. Merrill commenced the work of the ministry in this place, 
the number belonging to the church was 108. During the first twelve 
years after his settlement there were added one hundred and seventy-nine 
persons. But from an uncontradicted report it appears that there has 
been no one year since the organization of this church when the Lord has 
manifested to it the exceeding riches of his grace like that of 1826. For 
a considerable season previous to this a death-like slumber seemed to rest 
upon the people. The foolish and wise were apparently sleeping in car- 
nal security. From the statements of professed Christians, it is evident 
that iniquity abounded, and the love of many waxed cold. The public 
worship of God on the Sabbath was thinly attended. Conference meet- 
ings were in a great measure suspended. The few who sighed in view of 
the widespread desolation of Zion were about to give up all for lost. 

But the time for deliverence, though invisible to the mortal eye, drew 
near. In some of the meetings for conference and prayer, which had 
been revived, it was manifest to those who attended that the power and 
spirit of God were present. The work eventually so increased that, to 
use the language of the Rev. Mr. Merrill, 'there were very few families 
in which there were not some who seemed to be either deeply impressed, 
or to be rejoicing in the hope of salvation.' For about two months it is 
estimated that there were more hopeful conversions than days. The 
Spirit of the Lord seemed to come down like a mighty wind, prostrating 
sinners and bringing them submissively to Christ. Such a season had 
never been witnessed in this place from its earliest settlement. In this 
work God was in a striking manner pleased to magnify and to honor His 
own institutions. 

Though some were arrested and brought in who were the open despisers 
of divine truth, of Christians and of the Sabbath, and who seemed to be 
far from the kingdom of heaven, yet nearly all had been accustomed to 
attend on the means of grace. Those parts of the town where the people 
uniformly attended religious worship were the parts most signally 
blessed. But in those neighborhoods where the families generally ab- 
sented themselves from the house of God on His holy day, there were 
ouly a very few hopeful conversions. 

As the fruits of this revival in 1826, one hundred and seven persons 


soon made a profession of their faith in Christ. During the remaining 
nine years of the Rev. Mr. Merrill's ministry in this place, there were 
one hundred and five persons added to the church. 

In regard to my own brief and imperfect ministry, there is nothing very 
particular to relate. No special divine influence has attended my feeble 
efforts. Eleven only have united themselves vpith the church, while 
double that number have been removed from it by death and other 

In conclusion I would observe that from a careful examination of the 
records there appear to have united with this church since its organiza" 
tion, eighty-four years ago, about seven hundred and fifty persons. In 
this statement no estimation is made of those who may have been added 
during the twenty-three years the history of which is entirely lost. Of this 
number eleven have sustained the office of deacon, eight have been 
licensed to preach the Gospel, and some others are in a course of prepa- 
ration for this glorious work. The present number on our catalogue is 
not far from two hundred," * Jacob White, Pastor. 

The following scrap is in the handwriting of Rev. Nathaniel 
Merrill and is dated Feb. 20, 1822 : — 

" Present number of church members is 205. The church experienced 
a season of revival in 181 2. Forty-four persons were added to its mem- 
bership. A less general revival has at other times been experienced by 
which the number of church members has been gradually increasing. 
When the present pastor commenced his labors, the number of profes- 
sors was about 100. One Social Library containing 100 volumes, incor- 
porated 1794. Nine school districts. No established means of literary 
instruction other than the statute of the State requires. Generally, how- 
ever, more money is raised than by these laws is required. One person 
only received a public education. Mr. Caleb Houston graduated from 
Williams College in 1812. Deaths in town in ten years, 160 — 16 in a 
year. In 1812 a disease of a threatening aspect prevailed in the town and 
thirteen died in about as many days. Called the spotted fever, or Cold 

The writer of this history undertook to compute from the 
records of the church the number of persons who had been 
members since its organization, but could come to no satisfac- 
tory result. Rev. Frank G. Clark gives the number as nine 
hundred and forty-one, which is undoubtedly correct. 

In the spring of 1886, during the months of March and 
April, the whole interior of the church was remodeled and re- 
furnished. The singers' gallery was dismantled and done away 
with. A slightly curved partition extending from floor to ceil- 
ing was built, effectually separating that historic place from the 
auditorium. The gallery is now used as a store-room for odds 
and ends of church furniture. The stairway leading to this 

*This was iu 1S39. 


gallery on the south was torn out and the space thus gained 
made part of the entry, but the one on the north side remains. 
For more than half a century those old stairways were the 
loitering place for the boys and men and it may be observed 
here, that it was the custom for the women and girls to use the 
north stairway and the same unwritten law compelled the men 
and boys to use the one at the south. 

The old high pulpit with its winding stairs was removed and 
a platform and desk substituted. The recessed panel back of 
the pulpit with the inscription in gilt letters, " Holiness be- 
cometli thy House O L,ord, forever," at which generations of 
children have stared during service, was removed and the walls 
were replastered and gived a soapstone finish. The west end of 
the auditorium was frescoed, the inscription before quoted being 
preserved in colors. Frescoed panels at the right and left of 
the platform contain passages of scripture. The expense of 
this frescoing was given by Mr. Robert Hawthorne, of Boston. 

The old-fashioned pews with doors were removed and new 
pews arranged in a slightly circular form were put in. A broad 
aisle was made down the center of the room, with aisles next 
the wall. The backs of the old pews, being of fine broad 
boards, were used in making the new, so that there is that 
much in the new furnishing to serve as a memento of the past. 

A raised platform with railing was made at the rear of the 
room as a place for the choir. It was first proposed to place the 
choir at the left of the preacher's desk, but so much opposition 
developed that the plan was abandoned. New carpets were 
bought, new chairs for the choir platform, and in 1896 the 
Ladies' Sewing Circle paid the expense of putting in new 
windows, these windows being partly made of stained glass, 
and then there was little to remind one of the old church of 1837. 

The expense of these new windows was about $85.00. 
Through the efforts of the L,adies' Sewing Circle, generous 
contributions by Mrs. Ellen Trevitt of Mont Vernon and her 
sister, Mrs. Josephine Boylston of Amherst, together with the 
proceeds of a lecture by the Rev. Frank G. Clark, a new pulpit 
set was bought and installed in place. The result of all these 
changes is a beautiful church interior. 

The expense of remodeling the church was largely paid by 
the Ivadies' Sewing Circle. But former residents of the town 
and friends of the church contributed liberally, while resident 
members of the church and society helped with money and 


labor. The Ladies' Sewing Circle before mentioned is an or- 
ganization of the ladies of the parish, whose object is to provide 
funds for carrying on church and society work. 

The large and costly Bible used on the preacher's desk was 
the gift of Mrs. Charles E. Abbott, of Maiden, Mass. She was 
formerly Miss Clara A. Manahan, a former resident of the town. 

The first church or society clerk was Jacob Wellman. He 
was succeeded in 1761 by John Stephenson, who served until 
1764, and perhaps after that. It is evident that the Rev. Sewall 
Goodridge kept the church records during most of his pastor- 
ate. Dea. Aaron Lewis was chosen clerk in 1806, serving until 
the Rev. Nathaniel became pastor, when he also assumed the 
duties of clerk. The Rev. Jacob White kept the records dur- 
ing his pastorate and then Doctor Israel Herrick was chosen 
clerk. Rev. Ivory Kimball succeeded Dr. Herrick, then John 
Richardson, followed by Rev. Mr. Claggett. Dea. Nathaniel 
T. Mclntire has served from 1871 until the present time. 

Ephraim Putnam and Benjamin Cram were evidently the 
first ,deacons of the church in Lyndeborough. David Badger 
and Ephraim Putnam, Jr., were chosen in 1774. In 1782 
Peter Clark and William Barron were chosen. Then in order, 
Dea. Samuel Houston, Dea. Aaron Lewis, Dea. Oliver Whit- 
ing, Dea. John C. Goodrich, Dea. William Jones, Dea. N. T. 
Mclntire, Dea. Asa Hill, Dea. William C. Wilder and Dea. Eli 
C. Curtis. 

In December, 1823, a religious association was organized, 
which Rev. Frank G. Clark says " might well be called the 
original Society of Christian Endeavor, as its aim, method and 
constitution were almost exactly those of the present society of 
that name." The constitution of this early religious society is 
as follows : 

We the subscribers agree to form ourselves into a society for religious 
improvement, and as a summary of our belief of the leading truths en- 
tertained in the Holy Scriptures we adopt the confession of faith used in 
the church and we humbly entreat the guidance and direction of the 
Holy Spirit to assist us in our Christian course, that we may be enabled 
to perform every duty which devolves upon us with filial piety, and 
that our meeting may prove a blessing to our own souls, and the souls of 
those around us. We furthermore agree in the strength of Christ to ob- 
serve the following rules and regulations : 

(i) That the present pastor of the church be the president of the 

(2) That a vice-president be chosen quarterly to act as president in his 


(3) That a secretary be chosen at the first meeting in January annually 
whose duty it shall be to keep the records of the society. 

(4) That we meet once a fortnight in the afternoon or evening of 
Monday at such hour and place as may be agreed on by the society. 

(5) That in case of absence we will render an excuse if requested. 

(6) That our meetings be opened and closed with prayer and singing. 

(7) That none of us will decline leading in prayer when requested by 
the president, unless for special reasons. (In this article male members 
are intended. ) 

(8) That experimental religion be the frequent subject of conversation, 
and that the president may select a passage of Scripture at each meeting 
to be discussed by the members at the next meeting. 

(9) Resolved, That we will be free to relate to each other our feelings 
and views upon religion. 

(ro) That strict order be observed during our meetings and that but 
one speak at a time. 

(11) That no person, either male or female, will be expected to meet 
with this society more than once, unless such person unites with us by 
signing the constitution. 

(12) That the above constitution may receive such amendments, alter- 
ations or additions as the society may think expedient. 

Dated Dec, 1823. 

Signed by Males Females 

Nathaniel Merrill Betsey Merrill 

John Houston Clarissa French 

Daniel Woodward Rachel Woodward 

Eleazer Woodward Hannah Lewis 

Joshua Sargent, Jr. Nancy Lewis 

Israel H. Goodridge Hannah Goodridge 

Isaac P. French Precilla Jones 

William Jones Hannah Whiting 

William T. Boutwell Fanny Ordway 

David Woodward Alice Whiting 

Timothy Ordway Jeannette N. Brewster 
Erasmus D. Eldredge 
Williams Woodward 


In the early days of the church in Lyndeborough the singing 
was by the congregation. Some person qualified for the place 
was chosen to " set the psalm," as it was called. His position 
was up in front near the minister, and it was his duty to pitch 
the tune and lead the singing. He used what was called the 
pitchpipe to get the proper pitch, though later the tuning-fork 
came into use, and was considered an improvement. Sometimes 
more than one person was chosen, as in 1769, Andrew Fuller, 
Osgood Carleton and William Barron were voted into the office. 

Singing books were almost unknown then, and much of the 


singing was done by ^lemor5^ Tradition says, however, that 
they had grand, good singing in those days, and that almost 
every one entered into the spirit of " singing to the lyord." It 
was the custom for all of the congregation to stand during the 
singing, but some evidently rebelled at that, for later it was a 
vote of the church that they might sit or stand as they might 
think convenient. From time immemorial churches have had 
trouble about their singing, and it is probable that the church 
in lyyndeborough was no exception. Persons in those early 
times became " uneasy in their minds " about the singing, and 
choristers were " turned down " occasionally. 

Just when the first choir was formed in I^yndeborough cannot 
be told, but it would seem to have been some time previous to 
the erection of the old church at the centre, for in that house a 
place was reserved for the singers' seats. Nor can it be told 
when musical instruments were first introduced. Tradition says 
there was much opposition to any stringed instrument being 
used in the sacred place. A pipe-organ was bought and in- 
stalled in the old church, and Johnson Putnam was paid a dollai- 
a Sunday to play it. When the new church was built in 1837, 
this organ was taken out and sold. The violin, bass-viol and 
trombone took its place for awhile, and they were probabl}- 
played more or less with the old organ. lyater, Kilburn S. Cur- 
tis introduced and played what was called a stopper-keyed 
melodeon, the kind that was blown with the right elbow when 
in use. Next came a more modern melodeon, and now a Mason 
& Hamlin organ. 

Ira Houston was the first leader of the choir of which there is 
any remembrance, and since his time many have held the office : 
Daniel Woodward, Jr., Jotham Hildreth, Eli Clark Curtis, 
Daniel B. Whittemore, John Richardson, William W. Curtis, 
Benjamin G. Herrick and others. 

Tyler Tupper played the trombone, Jesse Pearsons, Daniel 
Gould and l^afayette Herrick the bass-viol, Daniel Woodward, 
Jr., Joel Gay, Eli C. Curtis the violin. Daniel Gould, Asher 
Curtis and Oliver Bixby were also leaders of the choir at one 
time or another. Probably no one family has been more identi- 
fied with singing in Lyndeborough than the Curtis family. Eli 
and Asher, Sr., Israel, Eli C, Betsey Ann, Kilburn S., Asher, 
2nd, Hiram, William W., all were members of the choir, and 
musicians of repute outside the town. Singing schools flour- 


ished and the pupils graduated into the church choir, which 
was known for half a century as one of the best. 

Through the efforts of Rev, Mr. Claggett a bell was bought 
for the church. This first church bell in Lyndeborough was 
hung Feb. 20, 1850. The money to pay for this bell, some 
three hundred dollars, was raised by subscription, and it is said 
to have been of exceptionally sweet tone. By .some means it 
became cracked, and about 1855 was replaced by the present 
bell. The old one was sold for bell metal, and the difference 
made up in various ways, among which was the holding of the 
old-fashioned " levee" for raising money. And here it may not 
be out of place to mention the custom, now done away with, of 
tolling the church bell on the death of any one in the parish. 
All within hearing of its tones could tell by the number of 
strokes the age of the person, and whether man, woman or 
child. It was not until about twenty years ago that this old 
New England custom was dropped. 


The following list of baptisms is inserted for the reason that it 
is the only record of some of the early families to be found. It 
is taken from the first volume of the church records and includes 
all up to 1800, but is evidently very incomplete. The record 
of baptisms from 181 1 down appears to have been correctly kept, 
but as the records from the organization of the church until 
181 1 are fragmentary it is probable that this is a list of only a 
part of those baptized before that date. 

Aug. 6, 1769. Daniel, son of Josiah and Hanuah Abbott 
July 25, 1773. rSarali, daughter of Josiah and Hannah Abbott 
June, 1780. Daughter of Ephraim and Dorothy Abbott 
June, 1780. Ephraim, son of Ephraim and Dorothy Abbott 

Oct. 2. 1768. Eliphalet, son of Robert and Hannah Badger 
Oct. 2, 1768. Ruth, daughter of William and Olive Barron 
Dec. 4, 1768. Phebe, daughter of Phineas and Sarah Barker 
Mar. 26, 1769. Stephen, son of David and Rachel Badger 
Apr. 23, 1769. Judith, daughter of James and Mary Boutwell 
Sept. 7, 1769. Phineas, son of Phineas and Sarah Barker 
June 26, 1770. Deborah, daughter of Edward and Eunice Bevins 
June 26, 1770. Hannah Boynton, daughter of Richard and Rebecca 

June 26, 1770. Josepha Boynton, daughter of Richard and Rebecca 

July I, 1770. Joanna, daughter of William and Butterfield 


July 8, 1770. Mary, daughter of Robert and Hannah Badger 

Sept. 9, 1770. Joseph, son of Edward and Kunice Bevins 

Dec. 23, 1770. Hannah, daughter of David and Rachel Badger 

June 2, 177 1. Sarah, daughter of William and Olive Barron 

Oct. 6, 1771. James, son of James and Mary Boutwell 

Oct. 20, 1771. Hannah, daughter of Phineas and Sarah Barker 

May 31, 1772. John, son of William Butterfield and wife 

Aug. 23, 1772. Sarah, daughter of David and Rachel Badger 

Aug. 30, 1772. Rachel, daughter of Robert and Hannah Badger 

Sept. 12, 1772. Thomas Spaulding, son of Thomas and Sarah Boffee 

Aug. 29, 1773. John, son of John and Sarah Bradford 

Sept. 5, 1773- Joseph, son of Edward and Eunice Bevins 

Nov. 7, 1773. William, son of Phineas and Sarah Barker 

Nov. 21, 1773. Nehemiah, son of James and Mary Boutwell 

Apr. 3, 1774. Jonathan, son of William and Olive Barron 

Apr. 24, 1774. Prince, servant boy to John and Sarah Bradford 

July, 1774. Son of Richard and Keturah Boynton 

July, 1774- Orpah, daughter of Richard and Keturah Boynton 

July 31, 1774. Anna, daughter of David and Rachel Badger 

May 14, 1775. Robert, son of Robert and Hannah Badger 

July 8, 1776. Daniel, son of David and Rachel Badger 

Nov. 14, 1779. Benjamin, son of Benj. and Sarah Bullock 

Nov. 14, 1779. Sarah, daughter of Benj. and Sarah Bullock 

Nov. 14, 1779- Anna, daughter of Benj. and Sarah Bullock 

Jan. 24, 1769. Robert, son of William and Isabel Carson 
June 13, 1769. Hannah, daughter of David and Mary Cram 
June 13, 1769. Micajah, son of Ebenezer and Elizabeth Coston 

Oct. 6, 1769. Olive, daughter of Jacob and Cram 

Aug. 12, 1770. Benjamin, son of Jonathan and Margaret Chamberlain 
Aug. 19, 1770. John, son of William and Isabel Carson 
Aug. 26, 1770. Elizabeth, son of John and Elizabeth Carkin. 
Jan. 6, 1771. Sarah, daughter of Benjamin and Olive Cram, Jr. 
Apr. 14, 1 77 1. Gideon, son of David and Mary Cram 
Aug. 25, 1771. Abigail, daughter of Timothy and Rachel Carleton 
Apr. 26, 1772. Jonathan, son of Jonathan Chamberlain, Jr. and Margaret, 
his wife. 

May 31, 1772. Zebulou, son of Jacob and Cram 

June 21, 1772. Jeremiah, son of Jeremiah and Carleton 

May 20, 1773. Asa, son of William and Isabel Carson 
June 6, 1773. Eunice, daughter of Timothy and Rachel Carleton 
Aug. 8, 1773. Deborah, daughter of David and Mary Cram 
Apr. 17, 1774. John, son of Jonathan and Margaret Chamberlain, Jr. 
May 8, 1774. Benjamin, son of Benjamin Cram, Jr. and Olive, his wife. 
June 5, 1774. Timothy, son of Jeremiah Carleton. 

Nov. 13, 1774- Benjamin and John Clough, sons of Benjamin and Thank- 
ful Clough. 
Oct. I, 1775- Rachel, daughter of Nathan Cram 
Oct. 18, 1778. Nathan, son of Nathan and Rachel Cram 
Oct, 18, 1778. Elizabeth, daughter of Jonathan and Margaret Chamber- 




Benjamin, son of Benjamin and Sarah Dutton 
Sarah, daughter of Benjamin and Sarah Dutton 
Hannah, daughter of Dickerman and Bathsheba, 

Aug. 19, 1770 

June 28, 1772 

Nov. I, 1772. 

his wife. 

July 31, 1774. Reuben, son of Benjamin and Sarah Dutton 
Oct. 6, 1776. Jacob, son of Benjamin and Sarah Dutton 
June 1780. Susanna, daughter of Isaac and Susanna Day 
June, 1780. Elizabeth, daughter of Isaac and Susanna Day 

May 24, 1772. Mary Kpes, daughter of Francis and Mary Epes 
July 4, 1773. Elizabeth, daughter of Francis and Mary Epes 

Mar. 18, 1770. Pamila, daughter of Andrew and Mary Fuller 
July, 1772. Phoebe, daughter of Nathan and Esther Fisher 
Jan. 30, 1774. Benjamin, son of Andrew and Mary Fuller 
July 31, 1774. Esther, daughter of Nathan and Esther Fisher 
Sept. 22, 1771. Mehitabel, daughter of Andrew and Mary Fuller 
Oct. 18, 1778. Mary, daughter of Philip and Mary Fletcher 

Sept. 30, 1771. Mehitabel, daughter of Sewall and Phebe Goodridge 

Jan. 20, 1771. John, son of John Susanna Gould 

Feb. 2, 1772. Sarah, daughter of Sewall and Phebe Goodridge 

Feb. 16, 1772. David, son of John and Susanna Gould 

July II, 1773. Benjamin, son of Sewall and Phebe Goodridge 

Oct. 10, 1773. William, son of John and Susanna Gould 

Jan. 19, 1777. Lucy, daughter of Sewall and Phebe Goodridge 

Nov. 9, 1788. George, son of Daniel and Dorcas Gould 

June 18, 1788. Sarah, daughter of Ebenezer Gardner 

June 18, 1788. Sarah, wife of Ebenezer Gardner 

June 18, 1788. Mary, daughter of Eben Gardner and Sarah, his wife 

June 18, 1788. Henr}^ Whittredge, son of Ebenezer Gardner 

June 18, 1 188. Daniel, son of Ebenezer and Sarah Gardner 

June 18, 1788. Ebenezer, son of Ebenezer and Sarah Gardner 

Nov. 14, 1779. Susanna, daughter of Daniel and Dorcas Gould 

Nov. 14, 1779. Mehitabel, daughter of Daniel and Dorcas Gould 

June, 1780. Sarah, daughter of John and Margaret Grant 

Oct. 16, 1768. Elijah, son of John and Hannah Hutchinson 
June 4, 1769. Ebenezer, son of James and Deborah Hutchinson 

June 26, 1770. Samuel, son of George and Hutchinson 

June 26, 1770. Elizabeth, daughter of George and Hutchinson 

June 26, 1770. George, son of George and Hutchinson 

June 26, 1770. 
June 26, 1770. 
Aug. 19, 1770. 
May 5, 1771. 
May 19, 1771. 

Ruth, daughter of George and Hutchinson 

Sarah, daughter of James and Deborah Hutchinson 
Chase, son of Joshua and Mary Hadley 
Umphrey, son of Joshua and Mary Hadley 
Clark, son of George and Susanna Hutchinson 



Feb. 23, 1772. 
June 28, 1772. 
July 19, 1772. 
May 23, 1773. 
July II, 1773. 
July II, 1773. 
Aug. 8, 1773. 
June 21, 1772. 
May 17, 1772. 

Nov. I, 1778. 

Nov. 15, 1778. 

Mar. 26, 1769. 
Aug. 6, 1769. 
Aug. 6, 1769. 
Aug. 6, 1769. 
Aug. 6, 1769. 
Aug. 6, 1769. 
Aug. 6, 1769. 
Aug. 6, 1869. 
Nov. 7, 1773. 
Sept. 17, 1775, 
May 14, 1775. 

Apr. 23, 1769. 
May 21, 1769. 
Mar. 31, 1771. 
Apr. 25, 1773. 
Feb. 19, 1775. 

John, son of Samuel and Betty Hutchinson 

John, son of James and Hutchinson 

Samuel, son of Samuel and Rachel Houston 
Betty, daughter of Samuel and Betty Hutchinson 
Ambrose, son of George and Susanna Hutchinson 
Mary, daughter of George and Susanna Hutchinson 

Hannah, daughter of James and Hutchinson 

Daniel, son of Daniel and Howe 

Betliia, daughter of Oliver and Bethia Holmes of New 

Ruth, daughter of Hooper and Ruth, his wife 

Huldah Bevins, daughter of Widow Deborah Hutchinson 


Ephraim, sou of James and Hannah Johnson 
Lydia, daughter of Adam and Abigail Johnson 
John, son of Adam and Abigail Johnson 
Adam, son of Adam and Abigail Johnson 
Betty, daughter of Adam and Abigail Johnson 
Hannah, daughter of Adam and Abigail Johnson 
Mary, daughter of Adam and Abigail Johnson 
Lucy, daughter of Adam and Abigail Johnson 
Son of Benjamin and Jemima Jones 

Osgood and David, sons of John and Abigail Johnson, Jr. 

vSarah and Lydia, daughters of Adam Johnson, Jr., and 
Mary, his wife 

Rachel, daughter of John and Trephina Kidder 
Aaron, son of Jonas and Huldah Kidder 
Jonas, son of Jonas and Huldah Kidder 
Hannah, daughter of Jonas and Huldah Kidder 
David, son of Jonas and Huldah Kidder 

Aug. 25, 1771. 
Aug. 13, 1773. 
July 31, 1774- 
Sept. 17, 1775. 

June 6, 1769. 
June 6, 1769. 
June 6, 1769. 
May 6, 1770. 
Apr. 28, 1 77 1. 
Apr. 19, 1772. 
Aug. 13, 1773. 
Aug. 29, 1773. 

Sarah, daughter of David and Lydia Lewis 
Bethsheba, daughter of David and Lydia Lewis 
Lydia, daughter of David and Lydia Lewis 
Willard and Catharine, son and daughter of Phineas 

Samuel, son of Samuel and Elizabeth McMaster 
James Jewett, son of Samuel and Elizabeth McMaster 
Dan., son of Samuel and Elizabeth McMaster 
Sarah, daughter of Joel and Phebe Manwell 
Betty, daughter of Samuel and Elizabeth McMaster 
Hannah, daughter of Joel and Phebe Manwell 
Phebe, daughter of Joel and Phebe Manwell 
Deborah, daughter of Samuel and Elizabeth McMaster 


Oct. 7, 1770. James, son of John and Ordway 


Oct. 27, 1771. Frances Chase, daughter of John and Ordway 

Apr. 24, 1774. Amos, sou of John and Ordway 


Sept. 8, 1768. Mary, daughter of George and Elizabeth Parson 

Nov. 13, 1768. Ephraim, son of Ephraim Putnam, Jr., and lyucy, his 

Nov. 26, '1769. Samuel, son of Archelaus and Abigail Putnam 
Nov. 26, 1769. Jonathan, son of Ephraim 3d and Rachel Putnam 
June 26, 1770. Sarah York, servant girl to Nathan and Anna Parson 
July 8, 1770. Anna, daughter of Nathan and Anna Parson 
Sept. 30, 1770. Daniel, son of Ephraim Putnam, Jr., and Lucy, his wife. 
June 15, 1 77 1. George, son of George and Elizabeth Parson 

Aug. II, 1771. Cornelius Grey, son of Samuel and Parson 

Oct. 20, 1771. Mary, daughter of Archelaus and Abigail Putnam 

Jan. 10, 1773. Tabby, daughter of Nathan and Anna Parson 

Feb. 14, 1773. Sarah, daughter of Ephraim Putnam, Jr., and Lucy, his 

Feb. 14, 1773. Mehitabel, daughter of Ephraim Putnam 3rd and Racheb 

his wife. 
June 13, 1773. Bartholomew, son of George and Elizabeth Person by the 

Rev. Mr. Wesbster 
Feb. 7, 1775. Nathan, son of Nathan and Anne Person 
Sept. 17, 1775. A son of William Person 
June, 1780. Benjamin, son of Samuel and Susanna Punchard 

April 16, 1769. Joseph, son of John and Mary Row 
July 29, 1770. Hannah, daughter of Peter and Mehitabel Russell 
May 5, 1 77 1. Thomas, son of John and Mary Rowe 
June 20, 1773, Mary, daughter of John and Mary Rowe 
May 14, 1775. Joseph, son of Joseph Richard 
Nov., 1775. Irene, daughter of Nehemiah Rand 
Jan. 19, 1777. Nehemiah, son of Nehemiah and Mary Rand 
June, 1780. Molly, daughter of Peter and Mehitabel Russell 

Sept. 8, 1768. Nathaniel, son of Stephen and Martha Spaulding 
Sept. 8, 1768. Martha, daughter of Levi and Anna Spaulding 
Jan. I, 1769. Daniel, son of Asahel and Sarah Stiles 
Aug. 5, 1770. Esther, daughter of Levi and Anna Spaulding 
Sept. 30, 1770. Esther, daughter of Asael and Sarah Stiles 
June 15, 1771. Rachel, daughter of Stephen and Martha Spaulding 
April 2, 1772. Levi, son of Levi and Anna Spaulding 
May 12, 1772. William, son of Samuel and Rebecca Stevens 
June 6, 1773. Mary, daughter of Moses Stiles, Jr. 
Jan. 30, 1774. Sarah, daughter ot Asahel and Sarah Stiles 
Jan. 7, 1775. Elizabeth, daughter of Samuel Stevens and wife 
Jan. 12, 1775. Mehitabel, daughter of Joshua Stiles and wife 
Feb. 19, 1775. Phebe, daughter of Moses Stiles, Jr., and wife 
Nov. 19, 1769. Abigail, daughter of John and Abigail Stephenson 
May 27, 1770. John, son of Samuel and Rebecca Stephens 


Feb. 7, 1773. Lydia, daughter of John and Abigail Stephenson 

Oct. 6, 1776. David, son of David and Eunice Stratton 

Oct. 16, 1776. Mary, daughter of John and Mary Savage 

Oct. 20, 1776. Samuel, son of Moses Stiles, Jr., and Sarah, his wife 

Oct. 18, 1778. Rhoda, daughter of Asahel and Sarah Stiles 

Oct. 27, 1778. vSarah, daughter of John and Abigail Stephenson 

June, 1780. William, son of John and Mary vSavage 

June, 1780. Charity, daughter of John and Mary Savage 

June, 1780. Dorothy, daughter of Samuel and Rebecca Stevens 

June, 1780. Rebecca, daughter of Joshua and Mehitabel Stiles 

Oct. 27, 1776. James, son of Widow Mary Thompson 

Oct. 23, 1768. Sewall, son of Joseph and Phebe Wilkins, Jr. 
March 26, 1769. Ephraim, son of Eleazer and Hannah Woodward 
Sept. 24, 1769. Eunice, widow of Joseph Wilkius 
Sept. 24, 1769. Joseph, son of Widow Eunice Wilkins 
Sept. 24, 1769. Aaron, son of George and Martha Wilson 
Oct. 2, 1769. Hannah, daughter of Jacob Wellman, Jr., and Hannah, his 

March 11, 1770. Joseph, son of Joseph and Phebe Wilkins 
March 24, 1771. Jacob, son of Jacob Wellman, Jr., and Hannah, his wife 
July 21, 1771. Hannah, daughter of George and Mary Wilson 

July 28, 1771. Cyrus, son of Amos and Wilkins 

Nov. 17, 1771. Eleazer, son of Eleazer and Hannah Woodward 

June 14, 1772. Phebe, daughter of Joseph and Phebe Wilkins 

July, 1772. Caleb, son of Zachariah Whiting and wife. 

Dec. 6, 1772. David, son of Jacob Wellman, Jr., and Hannah, his wife 

June 20, 1773. Hitty, daughter of Amos Wilkins and wife 

June 12, 1774. Isreal, son of Eleazer and Hannah Woodward 

June 12, 1775. Ezra, son of Joseph and Phebe Wilkins 

Nov. 13, 1774. Eleanor Whittemore 

Feb. 16, 1775. Samuel, son of Jacob Wellman, Jr., and Hannah, his wife 

May 14, 1775. Rachel, daughter of Amos Wilkins 

Sept. 29. 1776. Jeremiah, son of Joseph and Phebe Wilkins 

Oct. 10, 1776. Ward, son of Eleazer and Hannah Woodward 

Oct. 18, 1778. Susan, daughter of Jonathan Whittemore 


In 1 81 2 it was the custom to hold meetings at North Lynde- 
borough on Sundays and other days, and sometimes in the even- 
ing, for the purpose of hearing lectures and concerts. These 
meetings were attended by people from Lyndeborough and 
Francestown, New Boston and Mont Vernon. All these towns 
corner near North Lyndeborough, and the inhabitants of these 
corners were somewhat remote from the churches. Ministers 
were invited to come and deliver lectures, and as singing was 
thought much of then, concerts were given, probabl}^ by local 


talent. But private houses were not very convenient for such 
meetings, and the subject of building a house suitable for their 
needs began to be agitated.* Feb. 19, 1813, a meeting was held 
to see what they would do, and the following agreement was 
entered into : — 

"We the subscribers think it of great importance to erect a house for 
the purpose of convening the Union or Concert Lecture somewhere be- 
tween the Great bridge on the turnpike near Dea. John Smith's in Fran- 
cestown and Thomas Parker's in New Boston on the turnpike. We 
further think it expedient to appoint a meeting on Friday, Feb. 26, 1813, 
at the house of Isaiah Parker Innholder to choose a committee and make 
such arrangements as shall be thought proper to carry the same into 

The following names were subscribed to the agreement. 
Those marked with an asterisk (*) were from Lyndeborough : — 

*Thomas Boardman • *Joseph Epps, 2nd 

*Daniel N. Boardman Robert Holmes 

*John Clark, 2nd William Crombie 

John Christie *Israel Brown 

*David Senter *Aaron Whittemore 

*Joseph Epps Nathaniel Martiu 

Joshua Blanchard Manley Butler 

Joseph Wilson James Ferguson 

*Peter Clark, Jr. Joseph French 

*Ebenezer Hutchinson *Osgood Hutchinson 

Dole Butler *Benj. Goodrich 
*Charles Whitmarsh 

At a meeting held Mar. i, 1813, the following was adopted: — 

"Whereas the Union Lectures (so called) have been kept up in this 
vicinity for several months past, and as we think they have a great ten- 
dancy to administer to our comfort, instruction, and edification, we are 
desirous to have them, and for the better accommodation for the same we 
think it expedient to erect a building for that purpose to stand on Mr. 
Ebenezer Hutchinsons land near the turnpike. Therefore we the sub- 
scribers do agree to pay the several sums affixed to our several names, in 
money, labor or any material that may be thought necessary for said 

Manley Butler Labor I4.00 Nails $2.00 6.00 

Dole Butler Labor and boards 5.00 

♦Rev. Frank G. Clark mentions this house in his Historical Address as follows: "At 
the suggestion of Rev. Moses Bradford of Francestown, the ministers of that town and 
of Lyndeborough, New Boston and Mont Vernon agreed to establish a Wednesday lec- 
ture at Nor*h Lyndeborough, to accommodate parts of the four towns adjoining. It was 
held in the afternoon every other Wednesday, and these four ministers were to preach 
iu turn, the others as far as practicable to be present. At first it wa.s given in private 
houses, then in Parker Hall. Then iu 1S13 a lecture house was built which was used 
about forty years. Out of this movement began the revival of 1812 and the neighbor- 
hood Sunday evening prayer meeting." 


Aaron Whittemore Labor 3.00 

John Clark 2nd Labor fS.oo Nails f2.oo 10.00 

Thomas Hutchinson Work 8.00 

Nathaniel Hutchinson Labor 4.00 

William Dodge Labor 5.00 

William Crombie 16 dollars in Lumber 16.00 

Daniel Clark Labor 11.00 

Nathan Fisher, Jr. Cash I5. 00 Work I5. 00 10.00 

John Stanley Cash I5.00 Work I5.00 10.00 

It is very evident that the above list of those who gave toward 
the building is not complete ; probably only the subscription of 
that meeting. At this meeting Ebenezer Hutchinson contrib- 
uted as follows : — 

The subscriber hereby promises to give the use of a certain piece of 
land to set the above mentioned hoiise upon, so long as it shall be occu- 
pied for the al>ove-mentioned use. Ebenezer Hutcliinsou. 

The building was erected that year. It was a large, barn-like 
structure with an unfinished interior, and the land on which it 
stood is now owned by John H. Goodrich. It served the pur- 
pose for which it was built for quite a number of years, but was 
finally torn down and carried to Mont Vernon and erected for a 


At this day it is hard to analyze the religious convic- 
tions of our forefathers. Perhaps it is useless to try. The 
church records of I^yndeborough are not safe guides in such an 
undertaking ; but that these men were sincere in their belief in 
and reliance on the Bible as a guide in affairs temporal and 
spiritual there can be no shadow of a doubt. Men and women 
living north and west of the mountain rode or walked three and 
four miles to attend divine worship. The inhabitants of 
" Bevins " or Perham Corner did the same. All living on the 
outskirts of the town traveled long distances, over wretchedly 
poor roads or no roads at all, to reach the meeting-house, and 
they did it too, through storms and snow as well as sunshine. 
The absence of any of the congregation for a Sunday or two 
was the cause of remark, and it may be added, sometimes got 
the absentee into trouble. These facts show the sincerity of 
the people in the value they placed upon church services. 

In those early times ready money was very scarce and the 
settlers were poor. It was a hard struggle to obtain the com- 
mon necessaries of life for themselves and their increasing 
families. Luxuries were unthought of. That these men paid 


as much as they did out of their meagre store of cash to build 
meeting-houses, and to support the church aud minister, shows 
that they were willing to supplement their faith by work and 
self-denial. Believing they must watch the path their own feet 
trod, they also firmly believed that it was their duty to watch 
the pathway of their brethren lest they stumble ; and being 
human, mistakes and misunderstandings were often magnified 
into something that should be taken before the church for ad- 
justme'nt. But this does not in the least detract from their 
magnificent courage and sublime faith in an immortality which 
made them endure privations and hardships with fortitude and 
without a murmur. 

Ecclesiastical Matters, Continued. 

repairing the meeting-house, by rev. d. donovan. 

The meeting-house had been built about twenty-five years, 
and had been used both as town hall and house of worship. 
The population of the town had increased so that an enlarge- 
ment of the accommodations was necessary, and doubtless the 
house needed touching up in order to freshen it and make it 
more attractive. The matter of repairs, therefore, began to be 
agitated. The town meeting of July 29, 1793, adjourned its 
session to Aug. 19, 1793, and chose a committee at the ad- 
journed meeting, consisting of Dea. Putnam, Lieut. Blanchard, 
Lieut. Lewis and Ebenezer Gardner, to make an estimate of the 
matter of repairing the meeting-house. The committee re- 
ported that 

"There should be twelve pews made on the lower floor, in the follow- 
ing places, viz.. Eight where the body seats are, and One against each of 
the end doors, and One in each stairway; and Eight pews in the front 
gallery ; also that there should be a porch built at the front of the meet- 
ing-house. The house was to be shingled, and painted a stone color, and 
the roof was to be a Spanish brown. Windows were to be made where 
the end doors were, new water tables made and the underpinning 

The report was accepted by the town, and Dr. Benjamin 
Jones, Deacon Ephraim Putnam and Capt. Benjamin Epes were 
chosen a comm,ittee to effect the work ; and a vote was also 
passed to sell the pews at public vendue the 3rd of September 
next at the house of Major Daniel Gould at i o'clock p. m. 

The sale of the pews was carried out and duly recorded. But 
other changes were made in the plans from time to time, which 
render a clear and positive statement of the repairs actually 
made somewhat difiicult. But the -work was finally completed, 
and the report of the expenses was presented by the committee 
and accepted by the town, May 28, 1795. More than $1,100 
was expended on the improvements, a sum which must have 
considerably burdened the people when money was very scarce 

*The house was so plastered as to leave part of the large posts and the braces in view, 
which were whitewashed. The gallery was supported by pine pillars, rounded and 
■whitened, the entire structure, without and within, indicating the regard of the people 
for their house of worship. 


and war debts were still pressing. They were as loyal to their 
church as to their country in its time of conflict. All this, too, 
while efforts were put forth by Benjamin Killam and others in 
the southwest part of the town and Jonathan Pearson, Jr., and 
others in the southeast to be set off from Lyndeborough and an- 
nexed respectively to Temple and Milford. 


On Aug. 19, 1811, the town again voted to repair the meet- 
ing-house, by "building five pews in the east bannister seat, 
and five pews in the west bannister seat, and one pew at the 
east end of the east body seats, and one pew at the west end of 
the west body seats, reserving one half of the body seats for the 
use they now are for." Daniel Putnam, Esq., Nathan Wheeler, 
and Lieut. Oliver Perham were chosen a committee to carry 
this vote into effect. This committee reported Oct. 8, 1811, as 
follows : 

"That we made a contract with Mr. Jacob Manning to build said pews 
at 7.99 a piece, in a workman-like manner and with good stuff, amount- 
ing to D. 95.88. He charges for making and hanging six extra seats, 
1.25, total D. 97.13. We have examined the pews and are of the opinion 
that Mr. Manning has fulfilled his contract, and is entitled to the above 
sum of D. 97.13 within sixty days from this date," which is submitted 

bv Daniel Putnam 1 ^ ... 

Oct. 7th, 1811. Nathan Wheeler I C°°^°^^"^^ 

The town voted to sell the pews at vendue, and chose Nathan 
Wheeler, Capt. William Clark and Mr. Nehemiah Boutwell a 
committee to carry out the sale. 

The repairs planned at this time, seem to have covered only 
a part of the work needed. For we find the town voting, in 
Sept., 1814, " to have a good ground pinning of hewed stone 
put under the meeting-house, the front to be twenty inches deep, 
and the porch and east end the same, to the door ; and the back 
side to be one foot deep ; and that there be three new door- 
stones." The whole cost $123, as estimated by the committee, 
Daniel Putnam, Nehemiah Boutwell, and Daniel Woodward. 

Still further repairs were made upon the house, three years 
later, when. May 5, 181 8, the town voted "to put a new water 
court around the meetinghouse, to paint it in a decent manner, 
nail the clapboards well, and make some small repairs in the 
plastering and joists overhead." The cost at this time was es- 
timated to be about $155. Daniel Putnam and Nehemiah 
Boutwell were chosen a committee to get the work done. 


These, so far as appears, were the last repairs' made upon the 
old meeting-house built by the town, while it was used as a 
house of worship. In 1837, a new meeting-house, the property 
of the Congregational church and society was built, and the 
old house was used thereafter, for several years, as a town 
house. It was soon considered inconvenient for such purposes, 
but the town was slow in uniting upon any change in its in- 
terior which would improve it. A vote of the town was finally 
obtained, however, to build a convenient town hall ; and after 
this was built, the old meeting-house was sold. Jacob Butler 
bought it, had the frame taken down, and removed to his place 
in the northwest part of the town, and had it set up, with some 
small alterations in its form, and used as a barn. 

The barn is still standing (1905) and its solid, well-finished oak 
timbers, ingeniously and powerfully fitted together, do credit, 
even at this advanced day, to the townsmen and mechanics of 
that early time. 


An item of considerable importance, to be settled annually, 
was the care of the meeting-house. At each annual meeting, 
the town entrusted this essential matter to some reliable citizen. 
The town owned the meeting-house and the care of it was paid 
for out of the town funds. 

In 1775, Mr. George Gould, whose house stood on the oppo- 
side side of the road, was chosen to take care of the meeting- 
house, his remuneration, eight shillings. 

In 1786, "Voted James Boutwell nine shillings for taking 
cair of the meeting house the year ensuing." But in 1812, 
the town voted, " that the care of the meetinghouse be put to 
the lowest bidder, the undertaker to sweep the house well and 
keep it clean, to clear the doors from snow in the winter, to 
open and shut it as often as necessary, and all to be done to the 
acceptance of the Selectmen." "The care of it was struck 
off at auction to Mr. Timothy Richardson, at two dollars and 
ten cents." 


About the time of repairing the meeting-house previously 
described, there arose, also, on the part of many of the citizens, 
a desire for more commodious meeting-house grounds than 
those hitherto occupied. The insufficiency of the old grounds 
was less apparent when the population of the town was small. 


But after the close of the Revolutionary War, the number of 
inhabitants was increasing year by year ; and after costly im- 
provements had been made upon the house of worship, it was 
natural enough that attention should be directed to securing 
more spacious grounds for its surroundings. Hence, people be- 
gan to inquire what it was possible for them to do. 

Some of them remembered that the original charter of Lynde- 
borough from the Masonian proprietors, reserved ten acres 
there " for public use, notwithstanding such Lott should be laid 
out to any particular person or persons." Therefore, at the 
annual meeting, March 5, 1793, Neheraiah Rand, Esq., Dr. 
Benjamin Jones, and Capt. Benjamin Epes, were chosen to 
inquire into the matter.* They planned a conference with 
Major Daniel Gould, the owner of the land adjoining the 
meeting-house, to see if some arrangement could not be made, 
and the grounds specified in the charter secured. 

This committee took pains to investigate the case and to con- 
fer with legal counsel ; and at the next annual meeting, March 
4, 1794, presented as a report, a writing from Judges Dana and 
Gordon, whom both Major Gould and the town had accepted as 
referees, and whose advice they both promised to follow. t The 
advice was given thus : + 

"We the subscribers, having heard the claim of the Town of Lynde- 
borough to ten acres of land, part of the Lot of land on which their 
meeting-house stands by their committee, and the objections to the same 
on the part of Major Daniel Gould, at their mutual request, are of 
opinion that at this day, no action can be supported against the posses- 
sion of said Lot, to recover possession of said ten acres ; and the rule of 
law is, that want of right and want of remedy is the same." 

Signed 1^.^^^^ ^^"^ 
^ J William Gordon 

Amherst, March 23, 1794. 

But the ghost was not laid. An article in the warrant for a 
town meeting, Nov. 16, 1795, revived the matter with great 
and unexpected vigor. This meeting adjourned to Dec. 7, 
when a committee, composed of Capt. William Dutton, Mr. 
John Orne and Mr. John Ordway, was chosen to examine the 
books, charter, and all votes respecting the ten acres, and report 
their opinion to the town. The meeting adjourned again to 
Dec. 21, 1795, and when met, heard the report of the commit- 
tee ; but voted not to accept it. 

»T. R. II, pp. 271, 274. 
t This meeting adjourned to March 24, 1794, when the writing was presented. 

Jld. 284. 


Bearing the same date, Dec. 21, 1795, is a protest expressed 
as follows : 

" We the subscribers do hereby protest against the proceedings of the 
Town respecting their proceeding any further respecting the ten acres of 
land mentioned in the warrant on which the meeting is held this day, 
and that we will not pay one cent of the cost that may arise in conse- 
quence of their proceeding in a law-suit or any other way, for the follow- 
ing reasons, viz. : 

1. That the said ten acres that was proposed to be given to the Town 
in case the Town had set the meeting-house where the proprietors de- 
termined it should be set, was lost by the town's noncompliance ; 

2. That if the Town had a title to the said land and should recover the 
same, yet the land would not be worth enough to defray the expense of 
the lawsuit ; and 

3. Because the town of late solemnly referred the matter, and voted to 
abide the report of the referees ; and the taking the matter up again in 
this way reflects great dishonor on the Town. 

William Blaney Aaron Lewis 

Jeremiah Carleton Benjamin Jones 

Daniel Gould Eleazer Woodward 

Edmond Bickford, Jr. Jonas Kidder 

James Boutwell ' Samuel Huston 

Charles Whitmarsh Thomas Farrington 

Ephraim Kidder Thomas Boardman 

Samuel Chamberlain John Clark 

Jacob Dascomb Jeremiah Brown 

Joseph Epes 2nd Aaron Whittemore 

Joseph Hobbs Edmond Bickford, and 

Joseph Kidder William Holt added his name, Jan. 

Peter Clark u, 1796- 

Andrew Fuller 

The meeting adjourned again to Jan. 11, 1796. On the latter 
date the committe reported, that 

" It appeareth by the charter of the township a meeting house was to 
be built and ten acres of land reserved there for public use, . . . for a 
common, so long as it shall be called Lyndeborough ; and we think the 
charter would suffice to deposite the same ; and by the Proprietors and 
Town votes the ten acres for a common is to be where the meeting house 
now stands. Therefore we think it necessary a mediately to petition the 
Grantors &c. seting forth the inconvenience we labor under by the 
charters not being fulfiled, and remonstrate for releaf . 

William Dutton "j 

John Orne >■ Committee. 

John Ordway J 

The foregoing protest was little heeded, A vote was passed 
to petition the proprietors, and also to request the selectmen to 
join in the petition and report to the town as soon as may be. 


Voted, also, that the committee request Major Gould to set off 
the ten acres. 

The proprietors were petitioned as by above vote. Major 
Gould had ' ' utterlj' refused to set off the ten acres or any part 
thereof." The joint petition of the committee and selectmen 
of I^yndeborough, therefore, invoked the decision of the um- 
pire. The proprietors in their meeting at Portsmouth, Feb. 
22, 1796, duly considered the petition, and voted, That so far 
as the interest of the proprietors — 

" In the ten acres of land reserved in said Lyndeborough for public 
uses ma5' be, they confirm the location thereof in Lot numbered seventy, 
in the second division of lots, including the land where the meeting 
house is now placed. 

Attest George Jaffrey, Proprietors' Clerk. 

Not very destructive lightning this, for either party to the 
contest. The committee and selectmen conjoined made report 
of this response from the proprietors, which report was accepted, 
and Capt. William Button, Dr. Daniel Russell and Mr. John 
Ordway were chosen a committee to attend to the matter in 
whatever way the}' shall think best for the town, and report as 
soon as may be. 

This new committee reported at the annual meeting. Mar. 7, 
1797, and presented a plan of the ten acres reserved by charter 
for public use in this town, and that the same may have the 
incumbrances moved off and be for the use of the town accord- 
ing to charter, proper measures being pursued. 

The annual meeting in 1798 met for its adjourned session. 
Mar. 12, and heard the report of the committee and accepted it. 
Voted to proceed with the lawsuit against Major Daniel Gould, 
and chose Capt. William Dutton as agent to carry it on. 

A protest was again entered, in the same words as before, but 
by different signers, whose names follow : — 

Ebenezer Gardner Samuel Pearson 

Jotham Blanchard Benjamin Farnum 

Eleazer Woodward Edward Bullard 

Benjamin Jones, Jr. Timothy Carleton 

Abiel Stickney Oliver Holt 

Jonathan Pearson, Jr. William Holt 

Timothy Pearson Nehemiah Boutwell 

A true copy, attest. Jacob Dascomb, T. Clerk. 
In 1799, March 18, an effort was made to have the suit with- 
drawn from court, and the case once more submitted to referees. 
But the measure was negatived, and Capt. William Dutton was 
re-elected agent to carry on the suit. 


Again, Sept. 30, 1800, the town voted " to further pursue the 
lawsuit with Major Gould, and chose Capt. Button, lyieut. Clark 
and Uriah Cram a committee to proceed according to their dis- 
cretion in the matter." 

But at the adjourned portion of the annual meeting of 1801, 
held on March 23, proposals were received from Major Gould in 
the following language : — 

" The subscriber being apprehensive that the further continuing the 
loug and expensive lawsuit respecting the ten acres of land, &c., will not 
be attended with any very advantageous circumstances either to the 
Town or himself, makes the following proposals to the Town, (viz.) that 
if the Town shall think fit to drop the action and pay their own cost — I 
will pay mine — and will give the Town a Deed of all the land I now 
claim that now lays common, with the addition of all the land there is or 
will lay East of the line and west of the Road. Beginning at the North- 
west corner of the Pound, from thence about three rods west to a stake 
and stones, from thence southerly to a stake supposed to be on the line 
between Major Gould and land of Mr. Boutwell ; thence easterly on the 
line of said land, until it strikes the county road, the Town being at the 
cost of moving the wall and fencing the premises," 

I,yndeborough 23"^ March, 1801. Daniel Gould. 

The town chose Benjamin Jones, Esq., Capt. Wm. Clark, 
Solomon Cram, Capt. Aaron I^ewis and Ensign Oliver Perham 
to confer with Major Daniel Gould and consider the proposals. 
These were accepted by vote of the town, and Dr. Benjamin 
Jones, Deacon Aaron Lewis and Capt. William Clark were 
chosen a committee to authenticate the business and report to 
the town within eight days, and the meeting adjourned to the 
30th inst. at I o'clock p. m. 

On reassembling, March 30, 1801, the town voted to accept the 
deeds and have them recorded on the town records previous to 
their being recorded on the county records ; and also authorized 
Capt. William Dutton "to take the lawsuit out of the law, " after 
which the meeting was dissolved. 

Thus ended the tedious, evidently heated and expensive 


By each charter of the town, whether from Massachusetts, 
the Masonian proprietors or the provincial governor, Benning 
Went worth, one whole right or share in the sixty-three lots, 
into which the town was originally divided, was reserved for the 
support of the ministry. This share included from two hundred 
and sixty to three hundred and twenty ^cres, and a proportional 


part with the other shares in any common or undivided lands 
which might remain in the town. These lands at first were not 
very productive. But as the population of the town increased, 
the lands became more valuable. 

In 1802 the town voted to sell all the ministerial lands in this 
town on the following conditions,* viz. : — 

"That if Mr. Goodridge will give the Town an acquittance of all his 
right and title to said premises " * * * " the Town will give him one half 
of the interest of the money that may arise upon the sale of said lands 
yearly, so long as he performs the work of the ministry in said Town, and 
that Mr. Goodridge clear the premises of all incumbrances by any person 
or persons improving any of said premises, and that a commitee be 
chosen to again wait on Mr. Goodridge and report to the Town as 
soon as may be." At a subsequent meeting, on Mar. 22, 1802, this com- 
mittee reported ; that " Mr. Goodridge will comply with the vote of the 
Town at their last meeting respecting said lands " and the town voted 
"to sell all the ministerial lands in this town at public vendue " and 
"Jacob Dascomb, William Clark, & Joseph Epes, 2nd., were chosen a 
committee to effect the sale." 

Six lots of excellent land, containing about 360 acres, were 
sold at public vendue at the house of Mr. James Ordway, inn- 
holder, on Thursday, Apr. 29, 1802. The proceeds of the sale 
amounted to $2,621. The committee received good security for 
the several sums, and for the punctual payment of the interest ; 
and the town faithfully fulfilled their agreement with their 

At the May meeting in 1805, a vote was passed that the in- 
terest of the ministerial land money be paid to the treasurer of 
the town, to be appropriated for the use of the town. 

Presumably, the question of the right to do thus may not 
have been raised. They may have been embarassed by their 
abundance of ministerial funds, and carelessly voted to apply 
them to more urgent needs of the town, as on the previous year 
they voted a portion of the ministerial forfeiture money " for 
the repairs of the meeting-house, if needed. t 

Apparently, some disturbing influence intervened at this time 
to affect their deliberate action. 

In 1806, on account of bodily infirmity, Mr. Goodridge re- 
signed the pastorate, and the town voted him one hundred dol- 
lars, annually, toward his support during his natural life. He 
did not long enjoy this annual .stipend ; for he passed to his 
eternal reward on town, meeting day, March 14, 1809, an event 

♦Town Records, II, 409. tT. R. Ill, p. 26. 


on which the town clerk, Nathan Wheeler, made the following 
record : — * 

" After the votes for Governor were counted the melancholy news of 
the death of our former pastor, the Rev. Sewal Goodridge, was brought 
into the house by Dn. Peter Clark, upon which the town passed the fol- 
lowing votes or resolutions, — 

1. Voted unanimously to assist the bereaved family at the funeral & in 
burying our Reverend Pastor, Mr. Goodridge. 

2. Voted to choose a committee of seven. 

Chose Dn. Clark, Dn. Huston, Dn. Lewis, Dr. B. Jones, Capt. Wm. 
Clark, Lt. Jacob Richardson & Capt. Jonas Kidder for said Committee. 

3. Voted that the Committee be instructed to bury the Rev. Mr. Good- 
ridge in a decent, respectful & ministerial manner, to send to & request 
all the Ministers to attend, make provision for their entertainment, & 
pay all funeral charges, except the mourning garments of the family." 

The most unfeigned thanks of Mrs. Goodridge and family 
were presented to the town for the respect shown to the memorj^ 
of her late husband and their father at the adjourned meeting, 
Mar. 21, 1809.1 

After the resignation of the Rev. Mr. Goodridge, the church 
called three pa.stors in succession, Mr. Jesse Fisher, Rev. Abra- 
ham Randall and Rev. Jaazaniah Crosby. + But difficulties 
arose concerning each of these, and none of them was installed 
as pastor. The Rev. Nathaniel Merrill was next called, in 
1811, and became pastor. He was ordained Oct. 30, 1811, the 
town having concurred with the church in both his call and or- 
dination. The town also agreed, " provided he shall relinquish 
or quitclaim all right & title to all ministerial charter privileges 
in this Town," to give him three hundred dollars as a settle- 
ment, payable at the expiration of one year from the time of his 
settlement, and four hundred and sixt}' dollars per a7i7iiim, each 
and every year that he shall perform the work of a gospel minis- 
ter in this town, payable the first of January annually. 

This settlement Mr. Merrill seems to have accepted and con- 
sidered " liberal for this part of the country." The sermon at 
his ordination was preached by Rev. Elijah Parish, D.D,, of By- 
field, Mass., and at the next annual meeting the town presented 
him their thanks "for his ingenious discourse," requested a 
copy of it for the press, and voted to get five hundred copies of 
the sermon, charge, and right hand of fellowship printed. 

The pastorate of Mr. Merrill was both a long and successful 
one. Several causes, however tended to disturb its closing 
years. Baptist, Universalist and Christian societies sprang up 

*T. R. lU, p. 136. tT. R. Ill, p. 139. Xr. R., Ill, pp. 96, 142, 174. 


during his ministry, and doubtless bore their part in causing 
some disturbance. But some people who were not connected 
with either of these expressed dissent from his preaching and 
refused to be taxed for his support. About that time, also, the 
legislature passed an act permitting dissenters from the ministry 
of any church to pay their ministerial taxes toward the support 
of any regular minister whom they preferred. By this act they 
were relieved from being taxed to support preaching with which 
they had little or no sympathy. 

These incidents lead us by no very long road to another point 
from which to view "the ministerial fund." The Congrega- 
tional Church, the first in town, and so long as it remained the 
only one, had sole and unquestioned right to the use of that 
fund. The land was undoubtedly granted for the support of the 
ministry in accordance with the narrow view of the ministry 
held by Massachusetts, the original grantor. Was it, therefore, 
necessary that New Hampshire, always less bigoted, should be 
cramped by her example and precedent ? When other relig- 
ious bodies sprang up in town, was the Congregational Church 
still to be the sole recipient of the ministerial benefice ? For a 
brief period it enjoyed this advantage. But, in process of time, 
three other bodies were organized in town, and were to b^ 
utterly excluded from any share in this fund ? Obviously not, 
according to their opinion and purpose. Relieved by a law of 
the state from being taxed to support a mini.stry from which 
they dissented, were they not entitled to share with others in the 
public funds of the town set apart for the preaching of the Gos- 
pel ? They assumed the affirmative of this question, and peti- 
tioned the town for a share of it. 

In 1830, the warrant for the annual meeting makes first men- 
tion of the Baptist denomination as an applicant for a propor- 
tional part of the interest of the mini.sterial fund.* To this 
application there was added a P . S. which requested that "all 
the religious denominations might have a share of the interest 
in proportion to their taxes. The town voted "to di.smiss the 

In 1 83 1, the different denominations do not appear as such 
on the records. 

But in 1832, the Baptist society repeated their application, 
and were treated as before.! In response to another repetition 
of their request for a division of the interest of the ministerial 

*T. R. IV, pp. 103 and 106. t T. R. IV, p. 155. 


fund at the annual raeetinpj in 1833, the town voted "not to 
divide the interest of the ministerial fund."* On the loth of 
April following, the town voted to give "the whole of the 
ministerial fund so called " to " the P'irst Congregational Ortho- 
dox Society," with the exception of twenty-five dollars which 
was to be paid annually to the Baptist society, upon similar 
conditions and restrictions to those required of the Congrega- 
tional body. The latter, however, might according to vote, 
" retain said fund Ninet^mine years." " Yeas 67, Nays 58." 

Again in 1834, a petition was presented requesting a division 
of the ministerial interest money between the different religious 
denominations in proportion to their several valuations, pro- 
vided they expend the same for preaching within the limits of 
the town. This petition was signed by, 

Jonathan Putnam Samuel Hartshorn 

Ephraim H. Putnam John Hartshorn 2nd 

Ephraim Putnam 2ncl William Perham 

Eliezer Putnam Andrew Harwood 

Jonathan Putnam Jr. Asa Blanchard 

Israel Putnam Daniel Blanchard 

Thomas Bradford James Pearsons 

Albert Hardy David K. Holt 

Solomon Cram David Perham 

Joseph Cram John Carson 

Daniel Cram Joshua Baldwin 

Henry Cram James L. Clark 
James Cram and 

In response to this request, the town voted to divide the in- 
terest of the ministerial fund between the several religious de- 
nominations in this town, agreeable to a petition." t 

Nov. 28, 1834, after granting the above petition, the town 
voted to revoke the action of April 10, 1833, which gave the 
entire fund, except $25 annually, to the "Congregational 
Orthodox Society," + for ninety-nine years. 

On Sept. I, 1835, voted to raise a committee of nine, § " to 
hear proposals for a compromise with the First Congregational 
Orthodox Society " respecting this fund. The committee 
chosen were Edniond Perkins, Daniel Putnam, James Cram, 
2nd., Jonathan Putnam, Jr., Thomas Kidder, Joseph Chamber- 
lain, Benjamin Jones, Israel H. Goodridge, and Oliver Whit- 
ing. At an adjourned meeting of the town, on Sept. 5, this 
committee reported, 

*T. R. IV,pp. 189 and 190. \T. R. n% p. 209. 

JT. R. IV, p. 220. §T. R. IV, p. 246. 


"That said Society propose that they will give Bonds by an authorized 
committee to restore the funds iu questiou to the town Treasury with all 
the interest after December next, as soon as a tax shall be raised and 
assessed by legal vote on the polls and estates in said town to defray the 
debts and charges of said Town, whose proportion on residents shall be 
nearly equal to the fund, and that said town shall vote to distribute said 
funds among the inhabitants of all denominations in said town in pro- 
portion to their ratable valuation."* And your committee recommend 
the adoption of the above terms. 

Edmond Perkins, for the Committee 
The Society's Committee acquiesce in this report. 

N. Boutwell, for said Committee. 
On the same day the "Bond" embodying these specifications was 
given and signed by the Committee of the First Congregational Ortho- 
dox Society. 

Nehemiah Boutwell 
Joseph Jones 
David Woodward 

The whole proceeding was dul}'^ recorded by Israel Herrick, 
town clerk. t 

In accordance with this action of the town and societies in 
Sept., 1835, it was voted at the annual meeting, March 8, 1836, 
t " That the ministerial fund be distributed to each town-inhabitant in 
proportion to his poll and estate by orders drawn on the Treasurer by 
the Selectmen at their discretion." 

This seems to have been acceptable to all parties interested in 
the ministerial fund. 

When the matter was first broached of giving to those who 
differed in "religious sentiments" from Rev. Nathaniel Mer- 
rill, their equal proportion of the interest of the public minis- 
terial fund, in 182 1, the idea seemed somewhat novel; and the 
town voted very wisely, to refer it to the selectmen, to act agree- 
able to the charter. It began, then, to be common for the 
selectmen to receive such notices as follows : " This may cer- 
tify that I differ in religious opinion from the Rev. Nathaniel 
Merrill, and object to you or your successors in oflSce hereafter 
taxing my poll or estate towards the support of preaching in 
this town." § These shafts seemed to be pointed at the person, 
Mr. Merrill, rather than at the principle, which of course he 
represented. The records indicate, first, a reluctance of the 
town towards dividing the ministerial fund ; then, later, a dis- 
position to make some concession in regard to it ; and finally, a 
vote to grant fully the petition of those dissenting in religious 
views and sentiments from the majority. 

*T. R. IV, p. 247, tT. R. IV, pp. 251 and 252. 

X T. R. IV, p. 263. § Invoice Book 1809-1822. I,ast written page. 


When men began to take advantage of the law which per- 
mitted them to pay their ministerial taxes towards the support 
of any minister in town, whom they preferred, an inquiry in the 
warrant for town meeting. May 17, 1819, "to see whether the 
town will exempt any persons from paying toward the support 
of the Rev. Nathaniel Merrill, the present year," was answered 
by a vote of the town, "that the Selectmen exempt all those 
persons" from paying to his support, "who are exempt by 


In the year 1819, * two members of the Congregational 
church had for some cause been excommunicated, and felt 
aggrieved and wronged by the action of both church and pas- 
tor. They attempted to get the proceedings of the church, in 
their case, reviewed, but failed to elicit any response in regard 
to the matter, from either pastor or people. They then sought 
to call a council, either mutual or ex parte, but in this both 
pastor and church treated them with the same disregard as 

They next petitioned the selectmen to call a town meeting. 
This was done, and the meeting so far sympathized with their 
wish as to vote to join with them in calling a council. The 
day was set for the meeting. lyctters of invitation had been 
sent to divines in Massachusetts as well as to some in neighbor- 
ing parishes. 

But another town meeting was called to review the action of 
the last one. By this a committee was chosen to ascertain what 
expense had been thus far incurred in regard to the proposed 
council. The committee reported that " the bills were so 
various and scattering," that it was difficult to ascertain what 
sums had been expended. But as the expenses were probably 
increasing, they thought it "advisable for the town to take 
measures to prevent their growing to a larger sum." 

At this report the meeting grew noisy and disorderly, and the 
town clerk, Daniel Putnam, Esq., adjourned the meeting, and 
left his seat. But on the persuasion of some friends he resumed 
his place ; order was restored, and the meeting passed the fol- 
lowing votes : 

1. To dismiss the committee chosen at the last Town-meeting from 
any further duties in their oflBce ; and 

2. To choose a committee to inform those* invited to attend an ex 
parte council, that the town has no business to lay before them." 

*T. R. Ill, p. 284. 


It is little to be wondered at, that the aggrieved party should 
think the town entitled to interfere in their case. So intimate 
had been the connexion between the town and the church that 
the boundaries separating them were not clearly and unmis- 
takably perceived by the citizen of only ordinary intelligence. 
The town had built the meeting-house, was taxed for its main- 
tenance and support, for the salary of its pastor, and had the 
supervision and trusteeship of its ministerial lands and of the 
income derived from them. Why should not the town inter- 
pose if one of its taxable inhabitants feels himself wronged by 
thie acts of church and pastor ? Why not join with an ag- 
grieved person in calling a council to act as an impartial arbiter 
in the difficulty ? The question may be more easily presented 
than decided, among those trained under a practical union 
of church and state. It was fortunate for the town that at that 
juncture, she had some citizens who perceived that the town as 
such, had no proper right or authority to meddle with the in- 
ternal affairs of the church ; and that those citizens extricated 
themselves and all concerned, so speedily and effectually from 
a disagreeable and perhaps protracted ecclesiastical tangle, by 
informing those who had been invited to attend a council, that 
"the town had no business to lay before them." The knot 
was cut, and the ends were allowed to straighten of their own 

The depreciation of the national currency in war time, as well 
as the disturbance connected with the agitation in the northwest 
part of the town, complicated the situation very considerably 
for the pastor, Rev. Sewell Goodridge, and added both to his 
work and worry. There were two points on which he seemed 
to expect somewhat more in the way of pecuniary consideration ; 
namely, his loss by depreciation of currency, and also his extra 
labors in that part of lyyndeborough which was in a turmoil to 
be incorporated as Greenfield. His people felt that they were 
common sufferers in the depreciation ; and they understood that 
he had consented with them to render freely his ser^ace to that 
portion of his flock living in the northwest of the town, bearing 
with the inconveniences which resulted from the truce on which 
they had agreed. A settlement was effected in 1793, the record 
of which need not be spread here. The differences of view, 
through mutual kindness and forbearance, were measurably har- 
monized and a full and satisfactory- conclusion reached, while 


mutual friendship and respect were preserved and became 


Most of the people in those days were accustomed to attend- 
ing church. On Sunday mornings the roads would be filled 
with people on their way to the sanctuary, and the church used 
often to be filled to overflowing. 

Such a condition of things reflects dishonor on our own 
times of disregard for church attendance, and devotion to de- 
basing worldly pleasures on the sacred day. In some impor- 
tant respects, at least, " the former days were better than these." 



History of the Baptist Church. 

by rev. d. donovan, pastor. 

The formation of a generally accepted church of Christ in a 
community is often a matter of great and far-reaching import. 
A sketch of such a body which has existed even three-fourths 
of a century will hardly seem, 

" As idle as a painted ship 
Upon a painted ocean." 

The successors of those who organized it will regard the rec- 
ord as a memorial of the consecration of its founders, and may 
be incited by the story to imitate their virtues. 

There are rumors that Baptistic notions or opinions infected 
the pure minds of even some of the pioneers of Lyndeborough. 
But, it will never answer to found a history on mere rumor. 
Positive diversity of religious sentiment manifested itself un- 
mistakably in 1818. About the year 1819, a law was enacted 
which excused men from taxation for the support of preaching 
with which they were out of sympathy. They were taxed still, 
but allowed to pay their taxes for the support of the ministry 
wherever they preferred. Upon notifying the selectmen of 
their preference, they could be excused from taxation to sup- 
port the regular ministry of the town, as it was then considered. 
In accordance with the above law, we find on the tax book for 
18 19, the statement : 

" The following persons have produced certificates from ' The Baptist 
Society,' that they are regular members of the same, and are therefore 
exempt by law from paying toward the support of Rev. Nathaniel 
Merrill; viz: Samuel Pearson, Samuel Hartshorn, John Wellman, Jr., 
Jacob Flinn, Israel Burnham, Parker Burnham, Eli Holt, Moses Pearson, 
William Richardson, Jr., Solomon Cram, Samuel Ellingwood, Ira S. 
Ellingwood, Levi Curtis." 

Twenty-nine other names are recorded as exempt from taxa- 
tion for the support of Mr. Merrill on account of their religious 
sentiment; and in 1821, twenty-eight were "excused from 
Minister Tax." 

The following year another name was added to the last list, 
and David Putnam was excused from paying minister tax, ' ' on 
account of being a Baptist." 


The lists here referred to are by no means irrelevant to our 
sketch. The statements which accompany them indicate the 
existence of a Baptist society ten years before the organization 
of this church, and point to the presence of one man who was 
known as a Baptist seven years before its recognition. Some of 
the names which appear on those lists were, at a later day, in- 
scribed on the roll of the Baptist church. 

The first Baptist preaching in town which resulted in con. 
versions was that of Rev. Joseph Elliott of Mason. He held 
services in the dwelling of Mr. Moses Pearson in 1825, when 
the audience filled the house, and overflowed to seats under the 
noble elms in the front yard. Mr. Pearson's children, William 
and Susan, became converts and were baptized in the Rocky 
River, west of the house. So far as known, they were the first 
persons baptized in that stream. They united with the Baptist 
church in Wilton. 

Occasional services were continued, Caleb Brown, Bela Wil- 
cox, and Mr. Elliott sharing in them. Soon a subscription was 
circulated for the support of preaching, and the money raised 
was expended in the various school districts in proportion to 
the sums which each paid. Thus the people maintained preach- 
ing as they could for a few years. Rev. Simeon Fletcher of Wil- 
ton was for a few months their stated supply about that time. 

Finally, Dec. 10, 1829, a council, consisting of pastors and 
delegates from the churches in Milford, Wilton, New Boston 
and Hillsborough, was convened to recognize this church, if 
thought proper. The council met at the residence of Daniel 
Putnam, Esq., now the parsonage. The Rev. Charles Cum- 
mings of Hillsboro' was chosen moderator, and Rev. Caleb 
Brown, of Wilton, clerk. David Putnam and Daniel Cram 
were chosen by the proposed church as its representatives, and 
the former had been chosen deacon provided the council should 
decide on recognition. The council decided ' ' to constitute 
them into a distinct church." Recognition ser\'ices were held 
in the school house, and some of the parts were assigned as 
follows : Sermon, Rev. Samuel Everett, Milford ; Hand of 
Fellowship, Rev. John Atwood, New Boston ; charge to the 
church, Rev. Charles Cummings of Hillsboro. Fifteen of the 
members came from the church in Wilton, viz. : Moses and 
Susanna Pearson, David and Tryphena Putnam, Job and 
Betsey Swinington, Elijah and Alice Upton, Daniel and Rhoda 
Cram, Benjamin and Abigail Holt, Abigail EUingwood, Joseph 


Marshall, and Ebenezer Gardner. Six others came from the 
church in Milford ; viz : Samuel and Abigail Persons, John and 
Betsey Wellman, and Micah and Hannah Hartshorn. 

These founders of the church were, at least, people of aver- 
age intelligence, actuated hy their convictions of duty, and 
ready to make sacrifices, if necessary, to carry them out. To 
this end, they wrought and taught, not factiously, but with 
manifest piety and sincerity. 

Their meetings were held for a time in the school-house. 
Prosperity attended them. Congregations increased, and at 
times were larger than the house could hold. Then in the 
warm weather, they would meet in the grove back of the school 
house, and arrange temporary seats, while many would sit 
around on the rocks. Mr. Cummings became their first pastor. 
He was a man of stentorian voice who could easily be heard 
over on the road to Wilton, and awaked the echoes. He was 
an agent of the Domestic Missionary Society, and " was instru- 
mental in organizing churches in Keene, Swanzey, Marlboro, 
Peterboro, Hillsboro, Lyndeboro, and Antrim." * 

Their success is thought to have awakened envy, so that 
when wishing to hold a meeting at one time, the school-house 
key could not be obtained, or " found " as it was said. This was 
taken as a practical refusal of the use of the house. At that 
time Mr. Ebenezer Pearson opened his house for their meetings 
through the winter, and they laid their plans to build a meeting- 
house. This was in the winter of 1831. 

Having decided to build, popular opinion was somewhat 
divided as to the best place for the house. Some favored the 
center of the town, some Johnson's corner, and some Putnam 
Corner, now South Lyndeborough. Deacon David Putnam and 
other prominent citizens strongly favored the latter place, and 
thought more help could be obtained for building here than 
elsewhere. It was decided to test this opinion, and contribu- 
tors to the enterprise were requested to express their preference 
for the place. The heaviest subscriptions came from those who 
preferred South Lyndeborough, and this settled the question, 
and work was at once begun here. 

In aid of it Mr. Ephraim Putnam, 2nd, though a Universalist 
in sentiment, gave them the lot on which to build, and he, to- 
gether with Deacon Putnam, cut and drew the first timber from 
his own woods. Miss Sarah Stephenson gave twenty-five stand- 

* Child's Gaz. of Cheshire County, p. 404. 


ing trees from her wood lot. Others gave labor in cutting the 
trees into logs and drawing them to the mill. Captain Israel 
Putnam gave a part of the sawing. Deacon Smith of Wilton 
made the frame. The raising, of course, was a matter of un- 
usual importance. The subject of temperance had then re- 
ceived little attention ; hence, among the incidental expenses 
was a little bill for two and a half gallons of rum with the 
molasses needed to make it palatable, indispensable at raisings 
in those days. The raisers partook somewhat of the spirit of 
the times. 

The house was duly covered, and the inside work was done 
by Josiah Wheeler of I^yndeborough. The ladies subscribed 
money and secured the pulpit, but funds for the building of the 
pews were wanting, and planed seats were used for a few years 
to take their place. Finally, Deacon Putnam and Franklin 
Hadley hired the pews built and became jointly responsible for 
the expense of them. 

Thus the house was finished. It stood in the northeast angle 
formed where the road from South Lyndeborough to Temple 
is crossed by the Forest road. The exact spot is very near 
where the railroad from Wilton crosses the Temple road, in 
front of the railroad station. The house was dedicated Oct. 8, 
1836, Rev- Dura D. Pratt of Nashua preaching the sermon. 

The people were not able to support a regular pastor. They 
obtained supplies for their pulpit as they were able. The Rev. 
Leonard Kimball supplied them eleven Sundays in 1836. The 
Rev. John Atwood of New Boston served them at different 
times as stated supply, in periods varying from a few months to 
two or three years. He seems to have baptized some of the first 
converts received by the church. One of these was David Bur- 
roughs, who was licensed by this church and spent sixty-five 
years in the ministry. Rev. John Woodbury was pastor in 1838, 
Joshua Currier in 1839 and Joseph Sargent in 1840. 

Others who supplied in the early years of the church's exis- 
tence a few weeks or months, as the case might be, were Miles 
Bronson, afterwards a missionary in Assam, W. B. Kelley, 
George Daland, Joseph Davis, S. C. Pratt, Willard Glover, 
Henry Archibald, Frederick Page, Joseph C. Foster, late asso- 
ciate editor of " The Watchman," W. C. Richards, M. L. Bick- 
ford, Phineas Richardson, Amzi Jones and John Atwood. 

The labors of these men were blessed, for in the ten years 


after the organization of the church about forty new members 
were received. 


In 1840, serious troubles arose. Cases of discipline occurred. 
Some members were excluded, .some dropped, and some were dis- 
missed to unite elsewhere. Soon after this, Rev. John Atwood 
again became their stated supply, serving two or more years. 
About that time G. W. Hutchin.son, a preacher of the Christian 
order appeared on the scene. He was wonderfully successful. 
Some of the Baptists, both men and women alike, were capti- 
vated b}' him. They united with the church which he organ- 
ized, and thus the Baptist membership was diminished in num- 
bers and in ability to maintain preaching. Naturally enough, 
they were discouraged. Moreover, some members of the Bap- 
tist society seemed ready to hand over to this new body the 
property of the church. The new body was given the use of 
the meeting-house at a merely nominal cost. But this was not 
enough. They began to assume, at least, qtcasi ownership of it. 
Thus the matter stood for a time. The Baptists were doubtless 
annoyed and uneasy, but were tolerably quiet. Mr. Hutchinson 
was in the place a few years and won quite a following. But one 
fine morning he was missing and could not be found. He had 
vacated his apartments and forsaken his flock in the night, and, 
as a consequence, his church suffered a fatal collapse. That his 
entire course injured the Baptist church will be readily assumed 
and promptl}^ conceded. 


The church, though greatly weakened, did not see fit to dis- 
band or die. It made an attempt at recovery. L,ike a tempest- 
tossed, badly lurched ship, with twisted rigging and torn can- 
vas and diminished crew, the old church shifted ballast, righted 
position, and turned her prow once more toward the sunlight and 
the desired haven. This occurred in the year 1849. 

Early in 1850, the church called Rev. D. P. French, one of 
her own licentiates, as her pastor. He gathered the scattered 
flock and received some new accessions, but remained with them 
only a year. He left them, however, in much better condition 
than he found them. 

For about three years, again, Rev. John Atwood became 
stated supply. He is kindly remembered for his good services 
to the church. In 1854 the church invited Mr. E. J. Emery to 


their pastorate. He was here ordained, received several new 
members, and remained with them about three years, the long- 
est continuous service up to that time. 

The Rev. T. Clarkson Russell preached several weeks in 
1858, and is pleasantly remembered. A call was that year ex- 
tended to Rev. Joseph B. Mitchell of Guilford, Vermont. He 
accepted, and in his brief pastorate of about two years, received 
a goodly number of new members, one of whom has served as 
both deacon and clerk for many years. The labors of Rev. 
John Peacock of Amherst followed for several months and were 
fruitful in adding seventeen new members to the church. 

From 1861 to 1864 Rev. Asaph Merriam, an aged, devotod 
servant of God, served as stated supply. From that time 
to 1870, the desk was supplied mainly by students from the 
Newton Theological Institution, among whom were J. H. 
Gannett, Joseph Pollard, Isaiah Record, and later, George T. 
Raymond and Asa L,. Lane. 

The next regular pastor, E. J. Whittemore, came to the 
church in 1871, received several additions to the membership 
and resigned in 1873. 

The Rev. E. H. Watrous was next called, but failing to find 
a suitable residence in the place, he felt compelled to decline the 

The Rev. David Gage then supplied for a time, encour- 
aged the people much, and urged them to try to secure a parson- 
age. This they did at a cost of $1,500. About this time the rail- 
road came through the place, the glass factory was in operation, 
and the population was larger, and there was more money in cir- 
culation than there had been in previous years or than there 
has been since. 

That year, 1874, Rev. S. B. Macomber settled with the 
people as pastor. He received a number of new members ; but 
closed his labors with the church in about two years. 

The Rev. William R. Warner became his successor in 1876. 
The committee of the Young Men's Christian Association as- 
sisted him in a revival effort which resulted in the largest acces- 
sion ever received in a single year. Twenty-nine were bap- 
tized and eight were received by letter. Mr. Warner remained 
with the church only about two years. 

Rev. H. G. Hubbard, a faithful man and a sound evangeli- 
cal preacher, succeeded Mr. Warner. Mr. Hubbard's work for 
the church, as expressed by his son, " consisted largely of 

^L^;>^P^L.{rvT^<y^^. £iii.<l/^. 



pruning and weeding out a growth too rank and unfruitful." 
He continued with them about four years." 

Soon after his departure Rev. Gay lord B. Smith accepted 
a call. During his pastorate the young people gave enter- 
tainments to raise money for building a vestry. Sixty-five dol- 
lars were secured and placed at interest. Mr. Smith was much 
esteemed by the community. He was a member of the Grand 
Army of the Republic, and was chosen chaplain of Harvey 
Holt Post, No. 15. He was cho.sen town representative to the 
General Court. He closed his labors early in 1886, having 
accepted a call to Jamestown, R. I. He died Feb. 4, 1905, at 
East Wrentham, Mass. 

For a few weeks afterwards, Rev. D. M. Cleveland, mission- 
ary of the Baptist State Convention, labored here. A gen- 
eral interest was awakened, and some hopeful conversions 

In April, 1886, Rev. D. Donovan, after preaching for a few 
Sundays, accepted a call and commenced labor with the church 
in July, and is still pastor, through the grace of God and 
favor of the people. There have been no great accessions to the 
church. Many of our faithful and devoted members have been 
called up higher. 


This church organized a branch in Greenfield in 1839. It 
numbered nine members, and continued its operations there 
about three years. But in the trying period before mentioned, 
the members of that body, at their own request, were again re- 
ceived into the parent church. It doubtless seemed wiser then 
for all to unite and work together. 


The first person licensed by the church was also the first 
baptized into its fellowship, after its organization, that was 
David Burroughs, a native of Lyndeborough. He was ordained 
in Plymouth, Vt., in 1834, and after serving in various pastor- 
ates in Vermont, New Hampshire and Massachusetts, removed 
into the state of New York. He died at Painted, N. Y., 
Aug. 30, 1898, after a servnce of 64 years in the ministry. 

David P. French, also a native of Lyndeborough, and first a 
member of the Congregational Church at the centre, was the 
next. He became a Baptist while a student at Oberlin College, 
Ohio, and was received by letter from the Baptist church in 


Columbia, Ohio, 1837. He was licensed in 1838, and twelve 
years later, rendered this church excellent service as pastor 
for one year. He died in Nashville, Illinois, April 29, 1886. 

Third among these was Jason Putnam, eldest son of Deacon 
Putnam. He was licensed in 1838, was considered a young 
man of great promise and was pursuing a course of ministerial 
study. He died deeply lamented, at the age of twenty-three. 

A fourth was Charles Wilder of Peterboro, whose name was 
on record as supplying the desk about 20 years before. His 
license bears date of March, 1890. He rendered friendly and 
gratuitous assistance, not only to his own, but also to other 
pastors, both of his own and other denominations in the county. 
He died July 26, 1900, at his home in Peterborough, having 
made a generous bequest to the church. 

The last who was licensed to preach by the church is W. N. 
Donovan, Aug. 6, 1893. He was ordained in South Lynde- 
borough, Nov. 3, 1898. He is assistant professor of Biblical 
Interpretation, Old Testament, in Newton Theological Institu- 
tion, Newton Centre, Mass. 


The church has enjoyed three seasons of special revival. The 
first came in 1835, when nineteen members were received bj' 
baptism. The second was in 186 1, when under the labors of 
Rev. John Peacock seventeen were added to the membership. 
The third and greatest was in 1876, when the Rev. WilHam R. 
Warner baptized twenty-nine, and received eight others by 


Those who served the church as its deacons were David Put- 
nam, the first person selected for that office, who served two 
different periods ; others who held the office in the order named 
were Samuel Hartshorn, Jr., Nathan Barnes, John Hartshorn, 
David Putnam, Jr., and Samuel S. Cummings. At his first 
election, the latter declined the office ; but several years after 
he was again chosen and served till his death. David Putnam, 
Jr., who now holds the office, has rendered the longest service, 
since Jan. 31, 1873, and "won a good standing and great bold- 
ness in the faith which is in Christ Jesus." 


The clerks have been Daniel Cram, David Putnam, Thomas 
Kidder, John Hartshorn and David Putnam, Jr., who has also 
rendered the longest service as clerk. 


THE church's character AND STANDING. 
Though the church has never been financially strong, it is 
faithful to its pecuniary obligations, and usually prompt in 
meeting its current expenses. It is free from debt, united and 
benevolent, and occupies a good vantage ground for spiritual 
work. Under divine guidance and blessing it has a prospect 
of much usefulness. 


In its early years the church relied mainly on its own re- 
sources for the support of preaching. The Rev. John Wood- 
bury became pastor in 1838 and the State Convention aided in 
his support. He remained with the church but one year. They 
seem not to have received aid again until Rev. K.J. Whitte- 
more became pastor in 1871, and from that time on they con- 
tinued to receive aid until 1888. Then, through the liberality 
of the members in general, and the special assistance of brother 
Charles Wilder, the church again returned to the plan of self- 
support, a return in no way distasteful. Mr. Wilder at his 
death left a generous bequest to the church. Pending the 
settlement of his estate, the church has again received generous 
assistance from the Baptist State Convention. 


It will be remembered that the meeting-house was dedicated 
in 1836. From that time till 1863, hardly anything had been 
done to it to improve its condition. It stood on the plot now 
occupied by the railroad station, but so close to the highway 
which runs east and west that sometimes careless teamsters de- 
faced it with their carts. 

In 1863 J. H. Tarbell, Esq., gave the church in exchange for 
that lot the one on which their meeting-house now stands and 
further, assisted them in moving the building. The change was 
an advantage, the house was slightly raised upon good under- 
pinning, nice stone steps were placed at the entrance, and its 
whole appearance much improved. 

A few years later Rev. Joseph Pollard, who had supplied the 
desk for several weeks, offered the church $200 if the}' would 
raise a like sum and expend it in repairs. The offer was thank- 
fully accepted and a ladies' circle was formed and commenced 
collecting funds. Their enthusiasm infected others, who as- 
sisted liberall3^ Mr. Luther Cram gave lumber for the belfry 
and E. B. Badger, Esq., a summer visitor at the time, gave the 


fine vane to surmount it. The work proceeded slowly, however, 
as the funds could be obtained, Mr. J. H. Tarbell and son gave 
the bell, and when the repairs were all finished it was found 
that $1,700 had been expended, largely called forth by brother 
Pollard's generous offer. 

Owing, however, to this esteemed brother's protracted sick- 
ness and lamented death about that time, the church accepted 
but one hundred dollars of the money. They hold his memory 
in affectionate and grateful remembrance. 

Again, in 1887, quite a complete alteration was made in the 
interior of the house. The gallery was removed, and the entry 
which was under it was included in the audience room, though 
the seatings were not increased. A porch was added in 1888, 
and the next year Mr. J. H. Tarbell had the spire built at his 
own expense. He also bequeathed the church three hundred 
dollars for the erection of a vestry under the main building. To 
this sum Mrs. E. C. Tarbell and her son, Walter S., added each 
one hundred dollars, and in 1891 the work of building the vestry 
commenced. The church was raised six feet above its old 
foundation and the work advanced as far as the funds would 
permit. To avoid a debt, only a ladies' room was finished at 
first, and for three or four years our midweek meetings were 
held in this. But in January, 1897, the whole was completed, 
and the entire cost of improvements since 1887 must have been 
somewhat in excess of two thousand dollars. 


Doubts have sometimes been expressed by outside parties 
whether the meeting-house was a Baptist or a union house. 
The doubt probably arose from the peculiar situations in which 
the church organization has a few times been placed. A state- 
ment in regard to these will not here be out of place. 

Soon after the erection of the house, the Universalists in the 
vicinity secured a pastor to preach for them alternate Sundays 
for a year. The hall in which they held their services was un- 
comfortably warm in summer, and hence they sought the privi- 
lege of using the house a share of the time when it was not 
needed by the church. This privilege was cheerfully granted. 
It was only a fitting courtesy, for the Universalists as individu- 
als had liberally assisted in building it. But as is frequently 
said of dwellings, " no house was ever yet large enough for two 
families," so it may as truly be said, perhaps, that no meeting- 


house was ever built capable of satisfying two diverse church 
organizations or denominations. There was some friction in 
consequence of the arrangement. Very likely some people may 
have thought the house a union house, and some others may 
have wished it so. Sometimes it is an easy step to assume as a 
right what is granted as a courtesy. Doubtless there was a con- 
flict of beliefs as well as of economic interests ; and so there 
was more or less contention as to the real proprietorship. 

In 1845, also, after the organization of the so-called Christian 
church, some of its adherents assumed a similar right to the use 
of the house. A number of these were members of the First 
Baptist society, and had a voice in permitting the church prop- 
erty then in their custody to be used according to their prefer- 
ence or whim. They seemed to exercise their power perversely, 
for they let the house to the Christian body one-half of the time, 
and twelve pews all of the time for a sum little more than suffic- 
ient to pay the hire of the sexton. In this manoeuvring the 
Baptists either had their hands tied, or decided to let matters 
temporarily alone. 

At a still later day members of the Baptist society who had 
little sympath)'^ with the church, made an attempt to buy and 
get control of a majority of the pews, with the idea of permitting 
any denomination which they chose to favor at the time the use 
of it. This scheme was also frustrated, as they thought, 
through Divine favor and sagacious leadership. They have, 
thus, managed and controlled their house from the first, and 
with full right, as may appear from the original subscription 
paper circulated for building it. A copy of this follows : — 

" Lyndeborough Feb. 20, 1832. 
We the subscribers agree to pay to the Committee of the First Baptist 
Church & Society iu Lyndeborough such sums of money & other articles 
as are hereinafter affixed to our names respectively, to be used & ex- 
pended by said Committee for the purpose of erecting a convenient meet- 
ing-house for the sole use and behoof of the First Baptist Church in said 
Lyndeborough forever ; said house to be located on the new road near Mr. 
Ebenezer Pearsons', hereby binding ourselves, our heirs, executors & as- 
signs to the faithful fulfillment of the same ; In witness whereof we here- 
unto set our names & subscribe the following sums." 

The names which follow are those of persons prominent in the 
communitjs who knew what they wanted and stated their purpose 
clearly and unmistakably. There was no simulation or duplicity 
in their language. Throughout their course they seem to have 


quietly held to their legal right to their own house as exclusive 
and indefeasible. 


The charters of the town all made provision for the support of 
the ministry. The minister was to be Orthodox, and all taxa- 
ble inhabitants were assessed for his support, however they 
might differ from him in religious belief, and were required to 
pay their rates. But about the year 1819 a law was enacted 
which permitted every man to pay his minister rate for the sup- 
port of any minister whom he chose. They must, however, 
notify the selectmen of their purpose in order to be excused 
from the accustomed tax. (See p. 294.) 

In accordance with the above law, we find on the Lyndebor- 
ough tax-book for 1819 the statement : " The following persons 
have produced their certificates from the Baptist Society that 
they are regular members of the same, and are therefore exempt 
by law from paying toward the support of Rev. Nathaniel Mer- 
rill, viz., Samuel Pearson, Samuel Hartshorn, John Wellman, 
Jr., Jacob Flinn, Israel Burnham, Parker Burnham, Eli Holt, 
Moses Pearson, William Richardson, Jr., Solomon Cram, 
Samuel Elingwood, Ira S. Elingwood, Levi Curtis." 

This, we take it, indicates clearly that a Baptist society, suf- 
ficient for legal requirements, existed at the time named. This 
society seems to have supported preaching in some of the school 
districts of the town a number of years before making any effort 
to form a church. In the "Farmer's Cabinet" for April 23, 
1 83 1, may be found the following : — 



Persons, Samuel Hartshorn, David Putman and our as- 
sociates have formed ourselves into a Societj^ to be known by 
the name of the First Baptist Society in L,yndeborough, 
agreeably to an act of the legislature, passed July 3, 1827. 

Samuel Hartshorn, Clerk. 
Lyndeborough^ Mar. 2g, i8ji. 

The society assisted greatly in building the meeting-house, 
and continued its work for about thirty years. The names of 
mau}^ citizens in this part of the town are enrolled among its 
members, and by its system of legal requirements it rendered 
important service to the church in its business and finances. 



In August, 1873, it seemed necessary to form a new society, 
to have charge of the parsonage and provide for other necessi- 
ties. This society was constituted wholly of the church mem- 
bers, and was consequently smaller than the old organization. 
It has had the advantage, however, of having greater unity and 
no less eflSciency than the former. This organization in 1897 
transferred its responsibility to the church and adjourned sbie 

ladies' societies. 
In 1836, a young ladies' society was formed to raise funds for 
the support of preaching. It was called the ' ' Young Ladies' 
Dorcas Society," and at one time numbered about thirty mem- 
bers. The president was Miss Submit R. Pearsons, and the sec- 
retary, Miss Susanna B. Putnam. This society assisted greatly 
the object for which it was formed. But in the trying time of 
the Elder Hutchinson movement, it become extinct. 

THE I.ADIES' circle. 

The present ' ' Ladies' Circle ' ' sprang into existence when 
the first repairs on the church were contemplated in 1863. Mrs. 
Susanna P. Hartshorn and her sister-in-law, Mrs. Mariette D. 
Putnam, were prime movers in organizing it, and at that time 
nearly every family in the place was represented in its member- 
ship. It still continues its work of procuring funds in various 
ways to assist the church wherever the need is greatest. Their 
success on the occasion of the celebration of the centennial an- 
niversary of The Lafayette Artillery Co., Sept. 9, 1904, gave 
them fresh inspiration for continuing their good work. The 
last premium paid for the renewal of the insurance on the 
church edifice came largely from their treasury. 


The Sunday school grew up along with the church. In 1835, 
it reported sixty-five pupils and seven teachers, with Deacon 
David Putnam as superintendent. In 1863, John Hartshorn was 
superintendent, and there were forty-three scholars and six 
teachers reported. In 1876 more than 100 scholars were re- 
ported, and for more than ten years after that the attendance re- 
mained the same. It was prosperous for several years under 
the superintendence of Mr. L. P. Jenson, and still continues 


active, though in late years, its number has considerably de- 
creased, due in part to the decrease of population in the place. 
It has a library of more than five hundred volumes, many of 
which are well adapted for Sunday schools. The Sunday school 
library, we think, has been used less since the founding of our 
town's public library. 


The church has received many tokens of regard, not only 
from its own members, but also from others who at various 
times became interested in its success. One of the first favors 
from people out-of-town was a nice Bible and five dollars in 
money from Mrs. Farwell of Cambridge, Mass. Mr. E. B. 
Badger of Boston gave forty dollars on the first repairs of the 
meeting-house, and also gave the handsome table and rich com- 
munion service. He further gave one hundred dollars towards 
payment for the parsonage, and the once fine weather vane 
which now surmounts our church spire. On the occasion of our 
reunion, in 1887, he kindly forwarded to the church his check for 
twenty-five dollars. Thus, for many years has he shown inter- 
est, awakened first while a summer visitor in the homes of some 
of its members. Matthew Bolles, Esq., of Boston also gave one 
hundred dollars towards securing the parsonage. Mr. William 
R. Putnam and also his brother, Professor Daniel Putnam of 
Ypsilanti, Michigan, generously remembered the church at its 
reunion in 1887 ; and the former presented us his check for fift}'- 
dollars, Dec. 23, 1895, to aid in finishing our vestry. He has 
also kindly remembered the church in a bequest not at present 

Besides these the church has received legacies from the 
friends named below : 

Mrs. Isaac Low, Greenfield | 100 

Mrs. Isaac Foster, Greenfield 100 

Mr. Joel H. Tarbell, Lyndeborough 300 

Mr. Orrin Cram 100 

Mr. Charles Wilder, Peterborough 5,000 

Mr. Byron Putnam of Lyndeborough (conditioned on 

keeping his burial lot in repair) 300 


About the same time that the Baptists commenced holding 

meetings, the Universalists began to secure preaching. Both 

parties expressed dissent from the preaching of Rev. Nathaniel 

Merrill, and in much the same way. But the Universalists and 


other dissenters largely outnumbered the Baptists. In fact, it is 
said, that those of Universalist sentiments from the three towns, 
Lyndeborough, Temple and Wilton, united in the support of 
preaching for a time, and that some very able preachers of that 
faith were sometimes secured to hold service for them. Their 
first meetings were held either in private dwellings or in the hall 
over the store. 

The town tax book for the year 1819 has the record that 
several persons were that year exempted from taxation * ' on 
account of their religious sentiment." Among these were 
Andrew Harwood, Thomas Bradford, Gideon Cram, Joseph 
Cram, James Cram, Jr., James L. Clark, Daniel Putnam, 
Lsrael Putnam. Eli Curtis, Jr., Ebenezer Russell, Thomas 
Boffee and Nathan Fish. Some of these were men of property 
and influential citizens. They had a common sympathy with 
the Baptists, on the ground that all had been paying taxes 
for the support of preaching by Rev. Nathaniel Merrill, from 
whom .some differed in one way and some another. Hence, 
the very same copy of " The Farmer's Cabinet" in which the 
formation of " The First Baptist Society " was announced, con- 
tains, also, the following : 


Is HEREBY GIVEN that we 

Daniel Putnam, Joseph Cram and Gideon Cram, and our 
a.ssociates, have formed ourselves into a Religious Society, to be 
known by the name of " The First Universalian Society of 
Lyndeborough, and that we shall claim all the privileges that 
any other religious society can claim under the Constitution and 
Ivaws of the State of New Hampshire. 

Daniel Putnam 

Clerk of said Society. 

Lyndeborough, April 4, 18 ji. 

The Universalist people materially assisted the Baptists in 
building their meeting-house in 1832. It remained in an un- 
finished condition some little time, but was dedicated Oct. 8, 
1836. Sometime between the dates given above, the Universa- 
list people had obtained a preacher to hold services with them 
''one Sabbath in four for six months ^ Before this engage- 
ment expired, he was engaged as preacher ''one half of the 
time for a year.'' I use the preacher's language, who wrote : 

" We occupy a hall near the Baptist meetiug-house. During the sultry 
sabbaths of summer, this hall ^&% filled ; and so oppressive was the heat, 


upon one occasion in particular, that we requested and obtained permis- 
sion to occupy the Baptist house in the afternoon."* 

Many of the Baptists attended the service, and listened to 
doctrine at variance with their views, which provoked ill feel- 
ing. The two could not walk together, for they disagreed, and 
the Baptists recoiled from allowing their house to be used for 
the spread of views so contrary to their own. Thus, unfriendly 
feeling arose, which possibly hurt the influence of the church, 
and within a decade prepared the way for the Elder Hutchin- 
son division. 

The Rev. C. S. Hussey, the preacher above quoted, seems to 
have been a man of good ability. He came to South Lynde- 
borough to live, and occupied a house which then stood on the 
ground now occupied by the cottage of Mrs. Dorcas A. Holt. 
He taught school a few terms here in District No. 3, and was 
here when the Baptist meeting-house was dedicated. He re- 
moved from town soon after that event, and is said to have gone 
to the State of Maine. 

The Universalist society had commenced preparations to 
build a parsonage on the land now occupied by the summer 
cottage of Mrs. Clough of L,ynn, Mass. This work was under- 
taken for Mr. Hussey's benefit. His departure disheartened 
the project, and the place and building materials collected on 
it were sold to the heirs of Major William Richardson, who 
built the house which is now occupied by Mrs. Clough. No 
Universalist preaching has since been maintained. 

About the year 1844, there came to South Lyndeborough a 
preacher of the Christian connection whose name was G. W. 
Hutchinson. He commenced holding meetings which were 
largely attended and seem to have interested many of the people. 
The meetings were held in the Baptist meeting-house, and 
several members of the church became constant attendants 
upon the services. Some of the members of the First Baptist 
Society, also, were so carried away with the new order of 
things that they seemed ready to transfer the church property 
or meeting-house to the new congregation. Such was the suc- 
cess of this movement that on the 23rd of April, 1845, the con- 
gregation met at the South I^yndeborough meeting-house to see 
what could be done about organizing a church. Elder Hutch- 
inson opened the meeting with prayer, followed b)' remarks 

*From " The Star in the :east," Concord, N. H., Dec. lo, 1636. 


suited to the occasion. He was chosen moderator, and Ezra 
Dane, clerk pro tempore. After ascertaining who wished to 
unite in forming a church, and whether those so wishing were 
in full fellowship with each other, they proceeded to organiza- 
tion. The con.stituent members numbered thirteen, whose 
names follow : 

John F. Holt Ebenezer Pearson Elizabeth Johnson 

Matthew Gray Ezra Dane Abigail Holt 

Reuben Dutton Mary Karr Abigail Pearson 

Obed M. Goldthwait Phebe Goldthwaite Sarah H. Floyd 

James M. Floyd. 

John F. Holt was chosen deacon and Ezra Dane clerk. The 
church thus constituted voted to receive and dismiss members 
by majority vote. They also 

"Voted to receive Elder Hutchinson as member of this church, and, 
Voted to receive Elder Hutchinson as Pastor of this church." 

The church continued its meetings for about five years, and 
seems to have received a number of members to its fellowship, 
one of whom in later life has won a wide and worthy reputation 
as professor and educator in the state of Michigan, viz., Daniel 
Putnam, A.M., LL.D. 

Ezra Dane was church clerk till Mar. 17, 1850, at which time 
Joel Tarbell became his successor, and signed letters of dis- 
mission for both him and Elder Hutchinson to unite with the 
Christian church in East Andover. The record of the dismissal 
and recommendation of Ezra Dane to the East Andover church 
is the last entry on the church book. 

The organization could hardly be otherwise than troublesome 
to the Baptist church, which was at the time sufficiently dis- 
turbed by internal affairs, as may be seen by a reference to the 
latter 's history. 


The Public Schools of Lyndeborough. 

It is a source of regret that our town has not had educational 
facilities equal to those of some of her neighbors. Yet, despite 
her deficiency in this respect, several of her sons have gone 
forth and occupied noble positions among their fellow-men. 
Their success may have resulted from the stimulus imparted 
to them by parents who prized a liberal education, but were 
themselves unable to obtain it, though their love for it never 
faltered. But, even in the early records, a commendable appre- 
ciation of the value of schools is manifested. 

The warrant for the annual meeting in 1770 asked the town to 
consider whether they will hire a schoolmistress, and what sum 
they will raise for a school.* This called attention to the need 
that was felt for it. And, even though the matter was then 
negatived, a vote was passed at the next annual meetingt to sell 
the school lot to the highest bidder, and appropriate the money 
for the support of a school, and George Gould, Benjamin Cram, 
and David Badger were chosen a committee to effect the sale. 
On the 6th of June following, voted to hire a school kept and to 
raise ^12, L. M., for the same, and chose Deacon Ephraim Put- 
nam, William Carson, Jacob Cram, William Barron and Josiah 
Abbott the committee to carry out the vote. 

In 1772 they decided to have a school, and voted ;£i^ for its 
support, and chose five men, viz.. Deacon Ephraim Putnam 
Robert Badger, William Carson, John Kidder and Nathan Pear- 
son the committee to provide for and take care of it.+ 

The town voted forty dollars for the support of a school in 
1773, and the next year £12 was voted for the purpose. § 

In 1775, the town voted "to raise ^13, 6s., 8 pence, L. M., 
together with the interest of the money " received for the school 
lot, for the support of a school, and chose Edward Bevens, Jere- 
miah Carleton, Dea. Putnam, Jr., Andrew Fuller, Dea. Badger, 
Joseph Ellinwood, William Thompson and Capt. Spaulding a 
School Committee. The school lot No. 126, situated in the 
northeast part of the town, was sold to Mr. John Clark for ^67, 
IDS., by William Carson, James Boutwell and Amos Whitte- 
more, committee. 

*T. R., Vol. I, p. 58. tT. R., I, 76. XV. 84. §P. 91, 98. 


Voted in 1776 to raise £\2 for the support of a school.* Let 
it be borne in mind that war was then raging, and that money 
was getting very scarce among our rugged hills. Yet the usual 
sum was appropriated for school purposes. 

The year 1777 formed a marked era in our town, not only be- 
cause of the bravery of her men at Bennington and Saratoga, 
but also because of their noble record at home. On Apr. 8, this 
year, a vote was passed to divide the town into districts, and 
allow each district its proportion of the money raised, t The 
work was assigned to a committee consisting of Capt. Levi 
Spaulding, Mr. Eleazer Woodward and Mr. William Carson. 

Mar. 10, 1778, the town voted to hire a man a year to teach 
school in four places. + On May 4 following, they voted to omit 
hiring a man as was before decided, and to raise ^100, to be 
divided among the 'eight districts in the usual manner. 

The next year§ they hired a man to teach in eight parts of 
the town, and sufficient money was assessed to pay him for his 

At the annual meeting, 1780, it was voted to have a school 
kept and divide the town into seven districts in which to keep 
it ; and the selectmen were appointed to make the division, and 
"provide a proper school- master " ; and the .school was to be 
free to the children and servants of all the lawful inhabitants of 
the town. 

The next year, 1781, they voted one hundred pounds, such as 
was lawful money in 1775, to be divided proportionally to the 
seven districts, school to be kept an equal time in each, till the 
money is expended, and the whole town is to have liberty to 
send to any district where school was keeping. || 

In 1782, voted forty pounds for a school, the money to be laid 
out in the same manner as last year.t In 1783** one hundred 
pounds were appropriated, to be disposed of in the same manner 
as last year ; and in 1784, ft fifty pounds were voted to be simi- 
larly expended. A like sum was voted for 1785, to be expended 
in a like manner, and so till 1787, fifty pounds were voted each 
year, and the custom of distributing it equally in the several 
districts was kept up.jl 

One hundred pounds, including the interest of the invested 
schools funds, was to be expended in the usual manner. The 
record for the succeeding year indicates some friction of the 

*T. R. II, 15. tP. 27. tP-5i- §P-55- IIP- 90- ITP. loi. *»P. no. 
TtP. 124. tJPP- 137, 145. 157- 


school machinery, and the town voted fifty pounds to be ex- 
pended at the discretion of the districts, if they can agree ; and 
if not, it was to be left to the discretion of the selectmen.* 

By the next year a law had been passed requiring every town 
to expend a certain percentage of their money for the support of 
schools. Our town this year voted to add twenty pounds sterling 
to the sum required by law.t This looks as though the people 
were in full sympathy with the legislative enactment, and some- 
what in advance of it. In 1791, a like amount was appropriated, 
and for the ensuing two years the annual expenditure was sixty 
pounds, t 

From 1794 to 1798, inclusive, the town voted eighty pounds a 
year ; in 1799, they raised sixty pounds in excess of the interest 
on the school funds. In 1800, two hundred dollars, exclusive 
of the interest of the school funds, was expended; in 1801, 
$333.33 was voted ; and the next year they fell back to $200. In 
1803 the sum of eighty pounds was appropriated. 

The year 1804, however, may be regarded as commencing a 
new era for the common schools. The selectmen were chosen a 
committee to set limits to the several school districts. Fifteen 
hundred dollars was appropriated for building schoolhouses in 
all the districts except the "out corners which could not be 
easily convened." There were, as first laid out, in 1777, but 
eight districts. This year, 1804, it was voted to district the 
town, and proportion the money to be expended justly to each 
district, for use in building their schoolhouses. Where any 
schoolhouses already stood, they were to remain ; and all were 
to be estimated at their real value. 

In 1805 there was voted for schools only what the law re- 
quired ; but sixty dollars was voted to hire a singing-master to 
teach singing in the different parts of the town. In 1806 five 
hundred dollars was voted ; and the next year again only what 
the law required. 

But in 1808, five hundred dollars was raised for the support of 
schools, and the selectmen were chosen a committee to set limits 
to the several school districts. The report of this committee 
can hardly fail to be interesting, because of the light which it 
sheds upon the locations of the families which then flourished in 
our town. Therefore we reproduce the names of the inhabitants 
of the several districts forthwith : — 

*p. 1S3. tP- 220. jp. 220. 




District No. i to contain and include all the polls, lands and estates of 

Daniel Badger 

Israel H. Goodridge 

Samuel Badger 

Rachel Badger 

Hannah Badger 

Eli Curtis 

Chase Hadley 

And Rachel Sewel and the lands of Perkins & Durant and Eliphalet 
Badger, non-residents, and all the polls and estates of all persons who 
now or may hereafter reside within the limits of said district. 

District No. 2 to contain and include all the polls, lands and estates of 

Nehemiah Boutwell 
George Ashby 
David Farrington 
Nathan Wheeler 
Jacob Richardson 
Timothy Richardson 
William Clark 

Aaron Woodward 
Jonas Kidder 
John Ordway 
Timothy Ordway 
Eleazer Woodward, Jr. 
Israel Woodward 
Nehemiah Rand 

John Boffee 
Thomas Boffee 
Samuel Chamberlain 
John Cram 

Benjamin Fuller 
William Holt 
Benjamin Jones 
Joseph Jones 

Abraham Rose 
Abigail Stephenson 
John Stephenson 
William Stephenson 
Eleazer Woodward 
David Woodward 

Samuel Chamberlain Jr. Ephraim Kidder 

Andrew Fuller Joseph Kidder 

And the non-resident lands owned by William Putnam, Joseph Elliuwood, 

Eleazer Putnam, John Grant and Ebenezer Jones; and also, all the polls 

and personal estates of all persons who now or may hereafter reside 

within the limits of said district. 


District No. 3 to contain and include all the polls, lands and estates of 

John Chamberlain 
David Putnam 
Timothy Putnam 
Daniel Putnam 
Ephraim Putnam, Sr. 
Ephraim Putnam, 2nd 
John Putnam 

Benjamin Holt Uriah Cram 

Jonathan Chamberlain Henry Cram 

Jedidiah Russell, Jr. 
Samuel EUinwood 
Thomas Lakin 
Abel I,akin 
Joel Manwell 

Pierce & Blood 
Oliver Holt 
Ebenezer Barrett 
Thomas Bradford 

Jacob Dascomb 

Benjamin Cram 2nd 

Benjamin Cram 3rd 

Jonathan Putnam 

Gideon Cram 
And the lands of the following non-residents : 
Ruth Blaney Jacob Putnam 

Timothy Winn Parker & Emerson 

Jonathan Towne Joseph Winn 

John Burton James Dascomb 

Philip Putnam 

And also all the polls and estates of all persons who now or may here- 
after reside within the limits of said district. 


District No. 4 to contain and include all the polls, lands and estates of 
Charles Whitmarsh Joseph Epes ist Jacob Manning 

Thomas Boardman Joseph Epes 2nd Isaiah Parker 

Peter Clark Benjamin Senter Phineas Kidder 

Jeremiah Brown Asa Senter Benjamin Goodridge 


Seth Alleu, Jr. Thomas Hutchinson Daniel Gardner 

John Proctor John Clark Peter Clark, 2nd 

Josiah Brown John Clark, Jr. Osgood Hutchinson 

Allen Brown Ebeuezer Hutchinson 

And all the lands and estates of the following non-residents : 

John Epes Daniel Dane Oliver Holmes 

Benjamin Senter, Jr. Moses Fisher Solomon Parker 

David & Joseph Lewis 

And likewise all the polls and estates of all persons who now or may 

hereafter reside within the limits of said district. 


District No. 5 to contain and include all the polls, lands and estates of 
Aaron Putnam Enoch Ordway Joshua Sargent 

John Woodward Jedidiah Russell John Woodward, Jr. 

John Besom Jotham Hildreth Heirs of Wm. Dutton 

John Besom, Jr. Moses Pearson 

And the lands and estates of the following non-resident owners, viz : 
Asa Stiles Samuel Adams Batchelder & Jenkins 

Benjamin Thomson David Patterson Thomas Hill 

Heirs of Beard Cummings & Kendal Parker & Putnam 

Isaac Beard Cross & Goodspeed Amos Flint 

And also all the polls and estates of all persons who now or may here- 
after reside within the limits of said district. 


District No. 6 to contain and include all the polls, lands and estates of 
Jotham Blanchard Jonathan Pearson Joseph Melendy 

Jotham Blanchard, Jr. Ebenezer Batchelder Andrew Harwood 
Asa Blanchard Samuel Pearson Jacob Cram 

Timothy Pearson Oliver Perham Samuel Hartshorn 

Timothy Pearson, Jr. Israel Burnham 

And the lands and estates of the following non-resident owners, viz : 
Henry Putnam Ebenezer Pearson Patten & Farmer 

Joel Spaulding Simeon Blanchard John Batchelder 

Benjamin Lewis Ephraim Crosbj^ Timothy Hartshorn 

Jacob Flinn Willard Heywood Joshua Jones 

Jacob Flinn, Jr. John Parker 

And likewise all the polls and estates of all persons who now or may 
hereafter reside within the limits of said district. 


District No. 7 to contain and include all the polls, lands and estates of 
John Hagget Jacob Wellman Daniel Pearson 

Samuel Butterfield Edward Bullard Jeremiah Carleton 

Asa Manning Amos Wilkius Samuel Stewart 

Jeremiah Brown, Jr. Robert Parker Aaron Carkin 

Israel Brown Jonn Hartshorn Thomas Towne 

John Wellman Solomon Cram Eleazer Rhodes 

And all the lands and estates of the following non-resident owners, viz : 
John Wallace Ezekiel Upton Ebenezer Damon, Jr. 


Joseph Wallace Ezekiel Upton, Jr. Amos Elliot 

Ebenezer Buxton Conant & Rayment Jesse Fales 

Dana & Bell Lot Conant Zephaniah Kittridge 

William Marvel Ebenezer Averil Ebenezer Odell 

William Wilkins Joshua Burnham Chase & Parker 

James Hopkins Jonathan Colburn Widow Rayment 

Stearns Needham Ebenezer Damon Wilkins & Towne 

Josiah Dodge 

And also all the polls and estates of all persons who now or may here- 
after reside within the limits of said district. 


District No. 8 to contain and include all the polls, lands and estates of 
Aaron Lewis Andrew Smith Reuben Dutton 

Samuel Huston Joseph Hobbs Aaron Whittemore 

Oliver Whiting Henry Spaulding Clark Whittemore 

Benjamin Jones, Jr. Daniel Woodward 

And the lands and estates of the following non-resident owners, viz : 
Ithamar Woodward James Ray Heirs of Isaac Bartlett 

And all the polls and estates of all persons who now or may hereafter 
reside within the limits of said district. 


District No. 9 to contain and include all the polls, lands and estates of 
Daniel Averil Abraham French George Russell 

Nehemiah French David Smith 

And the lands and estates of the following non-resident owners, viz : 
John Averill John Patterson Joseph Peabody 

Jacob Curtis, Jr. Nathan Green 

And also all the polls and estates of all persons w^ho now or may here- 
after reside within the limits of said district. 


District No. lo to contain and include the polls and estates of 
Jonathan Butler William Holley Enoch Richardson 

Joshua Hadley, Jr. John Thompson 

And the lands and estates of the following non-resident owners, viz: 

William Read, John Reynolds, Jonathan Bowers for his pasture, east 
of Joshua Hadley's, and also all the polls and estates of all persons who 
now or may hereafter reside within the limits of said district. 

Your committee recommend to the town to annex the District No. lo 
to the adjoining district in Greenfield ; provided they can have the same 
privileges, be under the same penalties and regulations, with the district 
in Greenfield ; that is, have full and equal right to vote in all district 
meetings, pa)^ their just and equal proportion of all moneys to be raised 
for the repairing and building of school-houses, with the said district in 
Greenfield as though they belonged to the town of Greenfield. 

And the school taxes on all unimproved, non-resident lands, when 
collected and paid into the treasury, we think ought to be proportioned 
among the several school districts in the same way as the school interest 
money is proportioned. 


All which is humbly submitted by your committee, 

{Nathan Wheeler 
Benjamin Goodridge 
Jotham Hildreth 

True copy 

Attest Nathan Wheeler, T. Clerk. 

This report was accepted, and its substance adopted by the 

Such was the work of 1809 in regard to the schools. These 
limits of the districts enable us to determine, at least approxi- 
mately, in what part of the town the persons named resided. 

From 18 10 to 181 2, inclusive, the annual appropriation for 
schools was 400 dollars. From i8i3to 1817, inclusive, 450 dol- 
lars ; and from 1818 to 1820 it was 500 dollars annually, show- 
ing an increasing interest in them. 

The record of the annual meeting in 181 7 presents the first 
mention of a committee to inspect the schools. Rev. Nathaniel 
Merrill, Joseph Jones and Aaron Woodward were elected to the 
ofl&ce. The two years succeeding that, Rev. Nathaniel Merrill 
was the sole incumbent of the office, and was allowed the re- 
muneration of fifty cents for each visit. In 1820 Messrs. Joseph 
and William Jones were associated with him. He was chosen 
annually to fill this position, sometimes definitely named as 
chairman of the superintending committee, while the two others 
chosen or appointed to act with him were frequently changed. 
Among the latter were men remembered by many yet living, 
such as Dr. Israel Herrick, Israel H. Goodridge and Israel 
Woodward. In 1822 each district was empowered to choose its 
own committee, and two years later inspectors of schools were 
chosen for each district, with Rev. Nathaniel Merrill as princi- 
pal. In 1827 it was voted "That the committee man in each 
district accompany him " in his visits. 

July 6, 1827, the legislature passed an act by which the 
selectmen were authorized to appoint a superintending school 
committee. A schedule follows, giving dates, names and 
pages of the town records : — 


1828 Rev. Nath'l Merrill Dea. William Jones Dr. Nathan Jones 50 


Nathan Jones Israel H. Goodrich 84 

(( II 

" " 


II <{ 

[1 II 


William Jones 

II 11 


Israel H. Goodrich 

Nathan Jones 



1834 Rev. Nath'l Merrill Nathan Jones Samuel T. Manahan 212 

1835 " " " Dr. Israel Herrick Joshua Atwood 240 

1836 " Jacob White David Stiles Dr. Israel Herrick 267 

1837 " " William Jones, Esq. Jacob Hildreth 296 

1838 ,, Benj. F. Clark Rev. John Woodbury David Stiles, Esq. 327 

1839 No record 

1840 ,, Jacob White Jacob Ilildreth William Jones, Esq. 380 

1841 ,, Wm. Richardson " " Joseph Jones, Esq. 416 

1842 Jacob Hildreth David Stiles Israel Herrick 451 

1843 Rev. Ivory Kimball Dea. William Jones Jotham Hildreth 478 

1844 " " " Joseph Jones Daniel Woodward Jr. 508 

The latter were appointed, although at the annual meeting it 
was voted, " To dispense with the Superintending School Com- 
mittee so far as it relates to visiting schools." 

Notwithstanding this the selectmen, Daniel N. Boardman, 
Samuel Jones and Peter Cram, made the appointment, and the 
committee served and made an excellent report of the schools. 

For some reason not apparent, there is no record of any appro- 
priation for schools in the year 1839, and neither is there any 
mention of a superintending school committee. It seems to 
have been an "off year." 

But in 1840 the town voted to appropriate the interest of the 
literary fund and one hundred dollars above w^hat the law re- 
quired to the use of the schools. In this year, also, a committee 
was chosen, composed of David Stiles, Oliver Whiting, Jacob 
Butler, Samuel Hartshorn and David Putnam, to define the 
" metes and bounds" of the several school districts. The re- 
port of this committee follows : — 


School District No. i shall contain the following lots in the second 
division, viz., Fifteen lots, No. 56, 57, 70, 71, 72, 74, 75 : 87, 88, 89; 92, 93, 
94: 127, 128. Also a strip of the commons lying by the east end of lot 
No. 56, sixty rods wide from east to west. 

District No. 2. This district shall consist of the following lots in the 
second division, viz.. Fifteen lots. No. 55: 58, 59,60; 67, 68, 69: 76, 77^ 
78 : 85, 86, 95, 96, 103, and the original lot lines shall be the boundaries. 

District No. 3 shall contain the following Fifteen lots in the second di- 
vision, viz., No. 29, 30, 31, 32, 33: 38, 39, 40, 41, 42, 43, 44, 45, 46, 53, 54, & 
also the forty rod strip on Wilton Line from lot No. 34 to the first divi- 

District No. 4 shall consist of the following lots in the Second Division, 
viz., No. 3, 4, 73, 90, 91, 108, 109, no, 107, 125, 126, also the east half of 
lots 106, III and 124, divided through the center. 

District No. 5 shall consist of lots in the Second Division numbered 34, 
35. 36, 37> 47, 48, 49. 50, 51. 52, 61, 62, 63, 65, 66, 79, and also lots No. 4 and 


5, in the 3r(l division, and the forty rod strip from the east line of No. 
34, to Temple IJne. 

District No. 6 shall consist of all the lauds in Lyndeborough south of 
the south line of lots No. 37, 38, 39, and of Wayner's Brook (so called) 
and all east of said brook and south of Noah Hutchinson's land, which 
is situated east of lot No. 22, all in the First Division in said Town, and 
East of Wilton Line. 

District No. 7 shall contain all the lands situated within the following 
boundaries, to wit, Beginning at the Northern corner of lot No. 72, in 
the Second Division, thence running East across the common land to lot 
No. 5 of the common, thence South on the west line of the square lots to 
the North line of the First Division, called Home Lots, thence East to 
the northeast corner of lot 55, in said First Division ; thence South on 
the East line of said lots to the Southeast corner of said lot, thence East to 
Mont Vernon Line ; thence South on Mont Vernon Line to the South line 
of Noah Hutchinson's land ; thence west by Wayner's Brook, thence up said 
Brook to the line between 24 and 42 of the First Division ; thence West 
on said line & on the same course to Wilton East Line, thence on the 
North Line of Wilton to the lot No. 34, thence North on the East line of 
lot No. 34 to lot No. 44 ; thence West to the East line of the Second Divi- 
sion ; thence North on said division line to the Northeast corner of lot 
No. 43, called the Manuel Farm ; thence East sixty rods ; thence north 
to lot 128; thence East on lot No. 128 & 127, to the Southeast corner 
thereof; thence North on East line of lots No. 127 & 72, to the place of 

District No. 8 shall contain ten lots, numbered 5, 6, 7, 104, 105, 112, 
113, 114, 122, 123: also the west half of lots numbered 106, iii and 124, 
divided through the center as a division line between District No. 4 and 
No. 8. 

District No. 9 shall contain six lots, numbered 64, 80, 81, 83, 84, 97, 
bordering on the line of Greenfield. 

District No. 10 shall contain all the land within the following limits^ 
to wit, Beginning at the Northeast corner of lot No. 91 in the Second 
Division, thence running South on the East line of said division to the 
Northeast corner of lot No. 72 ; thence East to the West line of No. 5 
and 6 of the commons, thence South on said line to the Southwest corner 
of lot No. 8 of the commons ; thence East by the Road to the North, 
west corner of lot No. 54, in the first division ; thence South the West 
line of 54, to the Southwest corner thereof ; thence East to Mont Vernon 
line ; thence North on the Town line to New Boston line ; thence West 
on the South line of New Boston to the Southwest corner of said Town, 
near the house of Edgar Rand ; thence North on the West line of New 
Boston to a stake and stones, directly West of the first mentioned 
bounds ; thence West to the place of beginning. 

District No. 11 shall begin at the Southwest corner of lot No. 34 of the 
first division, thence running North on the Lot line to the Northeast 
corner of said lot ; thence West on the Lot line to the East line of the 
Second Division ; thence South on said Second Division line to Wilton 
Line; thence East on said Wilton line to the place of beginning; and 
also the Forty rod Strip by Lot No. 29. 



District No. 12 shall coutain Lots numbered i and 2 in the Second 
Division and the common land East of said Division from lot No. i 
South to the second stone wall, South of Paul Atwood's house ; thence 
running East to New Boston line. 

All of which is Respectfully Submitted by Your Committee 

C David Stiles 
Committee J Oliver Whiting 
1 Jacob Butler 
V David Putnam 

The superintending committee consisted usually of the 
pastor and two laymen. Its first extended report appears on 
the record of the town clerk for the years 1844 and 1845. It 
will be a matter of some interest to present for inspection a por- 
tion of this report, from eight of the districts : 

District No. 




. 35. 

Teacher, Miss Ann Jane Nevins, 

" " 




" Not given. 

District No. 





" Miss Elizabeth Karr. 

<( <( 




" David A. Davis. 

District No. 





Miss Ruth P. Fletcher. 
Miss Grant finished. 

District No. 





" Mr. Thomas S. Corey. 

District No. 





" Miss Martha Hill. 

<< (( 




" Mr. George W. Stevens 

District No. 





" Miss P. J. Mack. 

<( (« 




Mr. Simon O. Danforth. 

District No. 





" Miss Sarah Bruce. 

(< (( 




" Miss Mary E. Smith, 

Mt. Vernon. 

District No. 





" Miss Martha G. Stevens. 

( ( <( 




Mr. Sylvester Hill. 

District No. 





Miss Martha Hill. 

" " 




Mr. Wm. L. Whittemore, 

We shall aim now to give the names of the superintending 
committee of schools, and such other occasional notes as may 
have special interest for the reader. It is quite a difficult thing 
to give a jtist idea of the interest taken in otir schools without 
possibly occupying too great space. The printed reports of the 
superintending committee would of themselves form quite a 
large volume. 

In 1 85 1, the town voted " that such part of the Report of the 
Superintending Committee of Schools as deemed by them 
proper should be printed in pamphlet form, and one copy be 
given to each family in town." The superintending committee 
were : Rev. E. B. Claggett, John Richardson and Sylvester Hill. 
That 5'ear the superintending committee reported, "that the 
experiment of trying to sustain a High School in town last 
Autumn was successful beyond our expectations. We are 
happy to announce the expectation that it will be reopened 
next Autumn, under the instructions of the same teacher." 


This refers to Sylvester Hill, who opened a private high school 
in the town hall in the autumn of 1850, and continued a term 
each autumn for three or four years, when his health failed and 
he died. The school was well attended by the young people of 
Lyndeborough and was considered a good school. Wm. Cur- 
tis, Harvey Perhamand Clara Boutwell were among his scholars. 
The same year the school-house in District No. 3 was re- 
ported as "ancient and in bad repair." The superintending 
committees of 1 852-1 859 were : 

1852. Rev. E. B. Claggett, Charles H. Parker, William L. Whittemore. 

1853. Rev. E. B. Claggett, Sylvester Hill and Charles H. Parker. 

1854. Rev. E. B. Claggett, William L. Whittemore and James Donnell. 

1855. Rev. E. B. Claggett. 
1857. Enville J. Emery. 
i858-'59. Rev. E. B. Claggett. 

In 1855 the limits of the school districts were once more 
given, as described by James Cram 2nd, agent. 

The school-house in District No. 3, in 1859, was reported as 
excellent. The new house was probably built in the summer of 
1859. The school was kept for a while, when work was pro- 
gressing on the school-house, at the dwelling of Mr. John 
Hartshorn, on the hill. 

By vote of the town, in i860, three persons were chosen super- 
intending committee, namely, Rev. E. B. Claggett, William 
A. Jones and D. C. Grant. 

The town voted in 1861, "to have but one man for Superin- 
tending School Committee." William A. Jones was elected, 
but declined. The selectmen, later, appointed William A. 
Jones, D. C. Grant and Samuel Jones to the office, and they 

In the winter of 1861, Mr. George L,. Dascomb of Wilton, a 
teacher of twenty-six terms' experience in teaching, was em- 
ployed to have charge of the school in District No. 3. He 
taught also the following winter in the same school. 

The superintending committees from 1862 to 1880, inclusive, 
were as follows : 

1862. Rev. Asaph Merriam and Daniel Woodward, Jr. 
1863 to 1866. William W. Curtis. 

1867 to 1870. Rev. E. B. Claggett. When elected he declined ; but served 
when appointed by the selectmen. 

1871. Rev. E. B. Claggett and D. E. Proctor. 

1872. Miss Nellie B. Holt was this year appointed superintending 
committee of the summer schools, and was thus the first lady selected 
for this important duty. The winter schools were under the superin- 
tendence of Rev. E. J. Whittemore. 



1873. Rev. Elias J. Whittemore 1876, Rev. S. B. Macomber 

1874. Leonard G. Brown 1877 and 1878. Leonard G. Brown 

1875. Leonardo. Brown 1879 and 1880. Charlotte M. Wallace 
This was at the time an innovation ; but one in which it was 

thought that Lyndeborough honored itself, as well as the lady 
who was chosen for this important service. Her first report 
contains the following pertinent sentence: " Certainly if there 
is anything of which the people of Lyndeborough have occa- 
sion to be proud, and in which they should take the deepest 
interest, it is the bright-faced, active, intelligent children found 
in the different schools scattered throughout the town." 
(page 10). 

A writer in the Milford Enterprise of those days remarked 
that Miss Wallace " was considered so competent for the posi- 
tion of Superintendent of Schools, as to receive the vote of 
both parties." On the roll of honor for 1879 in District No. 3 
are the names of " Myrtie Putnam, Clintie Emery, Addie 
Marshall, Ada Smith, Freddie Moore, Harley Emery, Roy 
Putnam and Willie Gibney. 

In 1 88 1, Rev. T. P. Sawin was chosen superintending com- 
mittee. He devised two neatly arranged, instructive tables 
which concisely present to us the work of the schools for that 
year. We will attempt to reproduce one of these : 






















































































































































































































1882. Rev. T. P. Sawin, committee. His report states that 
" District No. 3 has three times as many pupils as any other 
school in town. It requires more strength, and more hard 
labor to keep it. Some of the pupils were advanced into the 
higher studies." 

That year fifteen young people from our town attended school 

Six went to Francestown Academy, namely, Harry Richard- 
son, Fred Spalding, lyizzie Spalding, Mabel Hadley, Flora 
Holt, Clintie M. Duncklee. 

Six went to Milford High School, namely, George Batchel- 
der, Carrie Batchelder, Oscar E. Cram, Walter S. Tarbell, 
Efhe A. Holt, Lillie M. Swasey ; and three went to Mont 
Vernon Academy, namely, Anna M. Curtis, Clara J. Burton, 
and Harry Joslin. 

Concerning those who went to Milford, the principal re- 
marked, "We like them much as students and as young 
gentlemen and ladies. If you have more of such in your town, 
we shall be glad to see them in the Milford High School."* 

Rev. T. P. Sawin's last report was made in March, 1883. 
His successor as superintending committee in 1884 and 1885 
was Mr. J. A. Woodward. 

The year 1885 closes the list of those who served as superin- 
tending committee. A change in the school law went into 
effect in 1886, by which all the schools in the town came under 
the charge of a board of education. 


The first board of education consisted of J. A. Woodward, 
B. J. Boutwell and F. B. Richards. 

This board served one term, after which Messrs. Woodward 
and Boutwell resigned. Mr. Richards held his position and 
chose two others to fill the vacancies in the board, viz : S. N. 
Hartshorn and Leonard G. Brown. For the fall and winter 
terms, therefore, the board was constituted of F. B. Richards, 
S. N. Hartshorn and ly. G. Brown. 

The members of the board since 1886 are as follows : 


F. B. Richards, S. N. Hartshorn, L. G. Brown. 
N. T. Mclntire, George Rose, David C. Grant. 
FraucLS H. Curtis, N. T. Mclutire, S. Kate Swinington. 
N. T. Mclntire, Frances H. Curtis, S. Kate Swinington. 
J. 11. Goodrich, S. K. Swinington. 

*T. R., 1883, p. 14. 


1892. F. B, Richards, secretary; J. H. Goodrich, treasurer. 

1893. F. B. Richards, J. H. Goodrich, Abby F. Cram. 

1894. H. H. Joslin, chairman; J. H. Goodrich, treasurer; Abby F. 

Cram, secretary. 

1895. H. H. Joslin, chairman; J. H. Goodrich, treasurer; Abby F. 

Cram, secretary. 

1896. Rev. O. E. Hardy, J. H. Goodrich, Abby F. Cram. 

1897. J. H. Goodrich, chairman; O. E. Hardy, treasurer; Abby F. 

Cram, secretary. 

1898. Abbie F. Cram, Eliza A. Putnam, J. H. Goodrich. 

1899. J. H. Goodrich, George Murch, S. S. Hartshorn. 

1900. S. S. Hartshorn, V. B. Richards, Mrs. Elsie M. Sargent. 

1901. Mrs. Elsie M. Sargent, F. B. Richards, S. S. Hartshorn. 

1902. F. B. Richards, S. S. Hartshorn, Abby F. Cram. 

1903. S. S. Hartshorn, Algernon W. Putnam, Mrs. C. P. Mason. 

1904. S. Kate Swiuington, Alice M. Chase, Ella R. Holt. 

1905. S. Kate Swiniugton, Alice M. Chase, Ella R. Holt. 


The reports of the superintending committee of schools 
began to be published in pamphlet form in 1851. Could com- 
plete files of these be secured, they would be of material assis- 
tance in our work. Previous to that date, very few of the 
names of teachers in our district schools are given. Hence, 
the names of the earlier teachers in the nineteenth century can 
be only partially, and so to speak, fortuitously given ; for the 
reason that no systematic record of such names was made. It 
was a matter of greater note, at least, to provide for the 
materials to carry on the school and make record of them, than 
to give the teacher's name. By way of example, the records of 
District No. 3, for Nov. 14, 1826, state that Daniel Putnam, 
Esq., was moderator, and Jonathan Putnam, Jr., clerk, and 
proceeds : — 

Voted, "to set up the boarding of the master at auction. 
Daniel Putnam took the boarding of the master at 30 cents per 
week." One person bid off the supplying of two cord, and 
another the supplying of three cord of wood, at 95 cents per 
cord, and it was further voted, " that the school begin the first 
Monday in December." But the teacher's name is not on the 
record. C^li bono f 

But, although we cannot present as good an account of the 
pioneer teachers as we should like, we present some names that 
are not wholly obscure. 


The names of many of the early teachers of our schools are 


not at the present day accessible. Some which have been 
collected from a portion of the old records of District No. 3 and 
such other sources as were available are preserved. No records 
from other districts were found, and this will account for any 
omissions of names which it would have been a pleasure to re- 
port. Some of the teachers here named bore the burden of in- 
structing youths when text-books were scarce, and school appli- 
ances such as are now common either did not exist, or were very 
imperfect, if at all obtainable. The names of the noble band, 
who, while working at great disadvantage, yet wrought excel- 
lently for their day, deserve worthy and grateful record. 

We place at the head of this list the name of Andrew Fuller 
and give his certificate below : — 

Lyud Borough Mar. 22, 1774, this Day agreed with Andrew Fuller Es- 
quier to open and Keep a Gramer School only for Sutch as are to be 
taught Gramor. Comities being Chosen to Provoid Schools for Comon 
Laming for this Present year 

David Badger "I Selectmen 
Levi Spauldiug J Lynd Borough 

To Andrew Fuller Esquier. 

" Kurd's History of Hillsboro' County," p. 249, informs us 
that, " April 6, 1791, Isaac Brooks of Amherst closed a school 
in Lyndeborough, of ten weeks, at thirty-six shillings per week, 
excluding horsekeeping. ' ' A fair inference from this seems to be 
that he rode to and from his school. At a later day he became 
registrar of deeds for Hillsboro' county, an office to which he 
was annually reelected for nearly twenty-six years.* His excel- 
lent penmanship adorns many volumes of deeds in the covmty 
ofi&ce, where he put himself on record as well as the deeds which 
he copied. 

1809. Polly Dascomb, a name familiar in town. 

1 8 10. John Bruce, probably of Mont Vernon. 

181 1. Sally Fuller ; but the last two weeks of term, Abigail 
Putnam. I suppose that this last lady was the one who is said 
to have taught school twenty-five years. If this is correct she 
taught very early in the history of our schools. She was the 
daughter of Ensign David Putnam. 

181 1. Lieut. Cyrus Lewis. It is stated that scholars came 
from other districts when he taught. 

1 814. Simeon Childs. 

1819-20. Samuel R. Hall. He is said to have been a fine 
teacher, and to have stimulated his pupils to seek a higher edu- 

*History of Hillsboro' Couuty, p. 239. 


cation. He afterwards became widely known as " first princi- 
pal of the teachers' seminary at Andover, Mass," and later be- 
came a highly esteemed Unitarian minister. 

1821 or 1822. David Gage taught in South Lyndeborough, 
and married Miss Betsey, daughter of Daniel Putnam, Esq., also 
a teacher. After their marriage they went into Mississippi, 
under appointment of the American Board, as teachers of the 
Cherokee and Choctaw Indians. 

1835 or 1836. Ephraim Knight of Hancock, later famous as 
a teacher of mathematics at New London Literary and Scientific 
Institution, and ordained as a Baptist minister at Sutton. 

Charles H. Burns taught in district No. i during the pastor- 
ate of Rev. E. B. Claggett. He is now one of the best known 
lawyers in the state, and wrote for publication in the Hillsboro' 
county history the sketch of Milford, one of the raciest and best 
in the volume. 

Another teacher, a resident of Lyndeborough for a few years, 
was Col. W. H. D. Cochrane, who died recently in Nashua, 
highly honored and esteemed. According to the history of the 
"First Regiment of N. Hampshire Volunteers,"* he enjoyed the 
distinction of having been ' ' the first uniformed New Hamp.shire 
soldier who entered the Capital ' ' at the commencement of our 
Civil War. 

Earlier by several years, probably, than the two immediately 
preceding names should be set the name of Miss Elsie M. Bales, 
who taught several terms in district No. 3. She became Mrs. 
S. F. Adams of Greenville in 1857, and died in Wilton, Jan. 3, 
1905. aged 80 years. 


Reports for the years 1852, 1853, 1855 and 1856 are missin,g. 
Teachers, 185 1. 
No. I. Miss Clarinda F. Bruce ; Mr. Sylvester Hill. 
No. 2. Miss Cynthia M. Dunklee. Summer and winter. 
No. 3. Miss Lucy Woodward ; Mr. W. L,. Whittemore. 
No. 4. Martha Hill. Both terms. 
No. 5. Helen Burton ; Mr. A. W. Wright. 
No. 6. Harriet L. Crosby ; Miss Caroline S. Averill. 
No. 7. Miss Mary A. Haggett ; Mr. Simon O. Butler. 
No. 8. Miss Orpah Gage ; Miss Salome R. Crosby. 
No. 9. Mr. George L. Dascomb. Winter. 
No. 10. Miss Harriet Clement ; Miss Salome R. Crosby. 
No. ir. Miss Helen Burton. Winter term only. 

* P. 119. 


No. 12. Mr. George D. Epes. Winter. 

Teachers, 1854. 
Sarah C. Mouroe. Caroline A. Stevens. 
Harriet N. Whittemore. George W. Marden. 
Harriet L. Crosby. Summer and winter terms. 
Sarah D. Clark. Walter Gibson. 
Verona E. Person ; F. P. Had ley. 
Lydia Proctor ; Charles H Boyd. 
Miss A. M. Steele ; Clark B. Jones. 
Lavinia A. Gould ; Sarah B. Byam. 
Harriet N. Whittemore. 

No. r 

No. 2 
No. 3 
No. 4 
No. 5 
No. 6 
No. 7 
No. 8 
No. 9 

No. 10. Sarah M. Patch ; Sarah C. Monroe. 

Teachers, 1857. 

No. I. Miss Mary F. Perkins; Frank G. Clark. 

No. 2. Miss Frances A. Holt; Alvah R. Potter. 

No. 3. Miss Maria S. Stevens; Rev. E. J. Emery. 

No. 4. Miss Clara A. Sawyer ; Miss Martha Hill. 

No. 5. Miss Nellie W. Stayner ; Albert O. Houston. 

No. 6. Miss Eliza A. Robins. Two terms. 

No. 7. Miss Lucy K. Spalding. Two terms. 

No. 8. Miss Martha E. Le Bosquet; Miss Frances A. Jaquith. 

No. 9. Miss Frances A. Holt; Miss Nellie W. Stayner. 

No. ID. Miss Julia A. Kingsbury. Two terms. 

Teachers, 1858. 

No. I. Miss Mary F. Perkins; Frank G. Clark. 

No. 2. Miss Frances A. Holt ; Alvah R. Potter. 

No. 3. Miss Maria Stevens ; Rev. E. J. Emery. 

No. 4. Miss Clara A. Sawyer ; Miss Martha Hill. 

No. 5. Miss Nellie W. Stayner; Albert O. Houston. 

No. 6. Miss Eliza A. Robbins. 

No. 7. Miss Lucy K. Spalding. 

No. 8. Miss Martha E. LeBosquet ; Miss Francis A. Jaquith. 

No. 9. Miss Frances F. Holt ; Miss Nellie W. Stayner. 

No. 10. Miss Julia A. Kingsbury. 

Teachers, 1859. 

No. I. Miss Martha LeBosquet; Jonas Hutchinson. 

No. 2. Miss Emeline Spalding; Miss Emma Holt. 

No. 3. Miss Frances A. Holt ; Miss vSusan Butler. . 

No. 4. Miss Eliza P. Jones ; MisS Harriet Richardson. 

No. 5. Miss Emily E. Dascomb; Andrew J. Philbrick. 

No. 6. Miss Lucy K. Spalding; Benjamin J. Boutwell. 

No. 7. Miss Ellen M. Holt ; Miss Abbie J. Boutwell. 

No. 8. Miss Frances M. Fiske ; Miss Georgia Giles. 

No. 9. Miss Nellie W. Stayner. 

Teachers, i860. 

No. I. Miss Eliza P. Jones; Miss Harriet Richardson. 

No. 2. Miss Frances A. Holt; T. P. Sawin. 

No. 3. Miss H. E. Bell ; Miss Nellie W. Stayner; J. B. Mitchell. 


No. 4. Miss Emeline Spalding ; Miss Martha E. Conant. 

No. 5. Miss Mary F. Hopkins ; Mr. A. G. Stearns. 

No. 6. Miss Augusta L. Bruce ; Mark F. Burns. 

No. 7. Miss Nellie W. Stayner; Miss Augusta L. Bruce. 

No. 8. Miss Lizzie S. Mansfield ; Miss Juliette Haggett, 4 weeks ; on ac- 
count of sickness at home, given up ; finished hv Miss Susan 
M. Sawyer. 

No. 9. Miss Ellen B. Holt ; Miss Mary F. Hopkins. 

No. 10. Miss Sarah L. Cochran ; Miss Frances Fiske. 

Teachers, 1861. 
No. I. Miss Georgie E. Wilson ; Miss Ellen Putnam. 
No. 2. Miss Clintina M. Butler. 

No. 3. Miss Abbie F, Cram ; Miss Mary Gertrude Lucas ; George L. Das- 
No. 4. Miss Martha A. Batten ; Mr. D. E. Proctor. 
No. 5. Miss Nellie M. Holt. Summer and winter. 
No. 6. Miss Emeline Spalding; James B. Hall. 
No. 7. Miss Frances A. Jaquith ; Miss Abba S. Dodge. 
No. 8. Miss Lizzie Mansfield. Both terms. 
No. 9. Miss Nellie W. Stayner ; Miss Abbie J. Holt. 
No. 10. Miss Sarah L. Cochran ; Miss Eliza A. Robbins. 

Teachers, 1862. 

No. I. Miss Ellen Putnam ; Both terms. 

No. 2. Miss Clintina Butler ; Ramsey- C. Boutwell. 

No. 3. Miss Fidelia S. Savage, two terms ; George L. Dascomb. 

No. 4. Miss Susie M. Sawyer ; Miss Georgia D. Giles. 

No. 5. Miss Eliza H. Spalding ; Miss S. Eliza Heald. 

No. 6. Miss Maria N. Tuten. Two terms. 

No. 7. Miss Juliette Haggett ; Miss Gertrude Lucas. 

No. 8. Miss Susie M. Sawyer. One term. 

No. 9. Miss Lucelia R. Butters. Both terms. 

No. 10. Miss Sarah L. Cochran ; Charles F. Stinson. 

Teachers, 1863. 
No. I. Miss Juliette Haggett and Miss Clintina M. Butler. 
No. 2. Miss Clintina Butler ; Miss Georgia G. Giles. 
No. 3. Miss Lucy T. Tyler, two terms ; George L. Dascomb. 
No. 4. Miss Minerva L. Stevens ; Miss Lottie Adams. 
No. 5. Miss S. M. Washburn ; Miss Frances B. Reynolds. 
No. 6. Miss Emily F. Dodge ; Miss Victoria Neville. 
No. 7. Miss Mary Stacey ; Miss Flora A. Dodge. 
No. 8. Miss Lizzie Moore ; Miss Emeline Spalding. 
No. 9. Miss Susan P. Smith. Two terms. 
No. 10. Miss Frances D. Rand. One term. 

Teachers, 1864. 

No. I. Miss Georgia D. Giles. 

No. 2. Miss Martha Conant. 

No. 3. Theodore Collins. 

No. 4. Miss Lottie R. Adams. 


No. 5 
No. 6 
No. 7 
No. 8 
No. 9 

Miss Lizzie Davis. 

Miss Abbie F. Crosby ; Mrs. William Cleaves. 

Miss Ivizzie Moore. 

Miss Joie C. Jones. 

Miss Eliza Stephenson. 

No. lo. Rodney K. Wilder. 

Teachers, 1865. 
No. I. Miss Georgia D. Giles. Two terms. 
No. 2. Miss C. L. Patch ; Miss N. R. Wilder. 
No. 3. Miss C. Butler, two terms ; Miss H. D. Clark, 3rd. 
No. 4. Mrs. Harriet Blaney ; Miss Ellen B. Holt. 
No. 5. Miss E. A. Lynch ; Miss Lizzie Davis. 
No. 6. Miss Joie C. Jones. Two terms. 
No. 7. Miss Christina Hutchinson ; Miss Abbie Crosby. 
No. 8. Miss Carrie Stearns. Both terms. 
No. 9. Miss Abbie F. Cram. 
No. 10. Miss Jennie Marden ; Miss Katie Kidder. 

Teachers, 1866. 
No. I. Miss Joie C. Jones ; Nellie B. Holt. 
No. 2. Miss Abbie E. Crosby ; Miss Nellie B. Holt ; Miss Lizzie B. 

No. 3. Miss Juliette Haggett ; Lu A. Butters; Mrs. Harriet L. Cleaves. 
No. 4. Sarah O. Jones; Mrs. Harriet Blaney. 
No. 5. Miss Martha Putnam ; Miss Mary Baldwin. 
No. 6. Miss Mary B. McConihe. Two terms. 
No. 7. Miss Norah Smith ; Joie C. Jones. 
No. 8. Miss Sarah L. Tuten ; Miss Ellen W. Kennedy. 
No. 9. Miss Annie J. Gregg. 
No. 10. Miss Juliette Haggett. 

Teachers, 1867. 
No. I. Miss Joie C. Jones. Two terms. 
No. 2. Miss Nellie B. Holt. Two terms. 
No. 3. Miss Hannah A.Foster; Miss Mary McConihe; Miss Joie C. 

No. 4. Miss Hannah D. Clark ; Miss Nellie M. Adams. 
No. 5. Miss E. Putnam. One term. 
No. 6. Miss Joie C. Jones ; Miss Mary McConihe. 
No. 7. Miss Eliza A. Lynch. Two terms. 
No. 8. Miss Emma Soule ; Miss Sarah Rand. 
No. 9. Miss Alma K. Moore. One term. 
No. 10. Miss Lucretia H. Rideout ; Miss Lottie B. Wardwell. 

Teachers, 1868. 
No. I. Miss Emmie Emerson ; Miss Abbie F. Crosby ; Miss Martha A. 

No. 2. Miss Nellie B. Holt ; Joie C. Jones. 
No. 3. Miss Mary E. Wright, three terms ; Miss E. A. Keyes, assistant 

in 3rd. 
No. 4. Miss Hannah D. Clark. Two terms. 


No. 5. Miss H. L. Fowler ; Miss Clemmie E. Averill. 
No. 6. MissSallie F- Tilton. Winter term only. 
No. 7. Miss Maria L. Moore. Two terms. 
No. 8. Miss Sarah C. Rand ; Miss Mary F. Felt. 
No. 9. Luella C. Hutchinson. One term onl}-. 
No. 10. Miss Julia A. Dodge ; Miss Letitia Adams. 

Teachers, 1869. 
No. I. Miss Mary N. Abbott; Rev. E. B. Claggelt. 
No. 2. Miss Hannah D. Clark; Miss Nellie B. Holt; Miss Mary C. Mcln- 

tire (subscription school.) 
No. 3. Miss Maria L. Moore ; George L. Dascomb. 
No. 4. Miss Eliza A. Butterfield ; Miss Emma J. Boynton. 
No. 5. Miss Ida E. Patch ; Miss Ella J. Bragg. 
No. 6. Miss Eliza H. Spalding; Isadore Richardson. 
No. 7. Miss Etta F. Gage ; Oliver F. Giles. 
No. 8. Miss Mary F. Felt ; Miss Nettie Elliott. 
No. 9. Miss Emma E. Johnson. One term. 
No. 10. Miss Sarah Richardson ; D. Atherton Starrett. 

Teachers, 1870. 
No. I. Miss Abby J. Kidder ; Miss Vina A. Dole. 
No. 2. Miss Lizzie P. Claggett ; Miss Evie M. Atwood. 
No. 3. Miss Olive T. Giles, Miss Georgie A. Holt ; Alfred B. Spalding, 

Dartmouth College. 
No. 4. Miss Mary C. Mclntire. Two terms. 
No. 5. Miss Mary F. Richardson ; Walter C. Frost, Dublin. 
No. 6. Miss Emmie Spalding. Two terms. 
No. 7. Miss Julia A. Dodge. Two terms. 
No. 8. Miss Nettie Elliott ; Miss Eliza A. Butterfield. 
No. 9. Miss L,ydia C. Hardy ; Mar}' F. Felt. 
No. 10. Miss Eliza A. Butterfield ; Miss Eliza A. Ivynch. 
Also High School, kept by Mr. A. B. Spalding. 
Teachers, 1871. 
No. I. Miss Belle L. Clark ; Prank W. Cram. 
No. 2. Miss Clara A. Curtis ; George E. Adams, Dublin. 
No. 3. Miss Sarah E. Richardson, two terms; A. B. Spalding, Dart- 
mouth College. 
No. 4. Miss Mary F. Richardson ; Miss Mary C. Mclntire. 
No. 5. Miss Abbie F. Dascomb ; Miss Clara E. Flint. 
No. 6. Miss Sarah M. Parker. Two terms. 
No. 7. Miss Lizzie P. Claggett. Two terms. 
No. 8. Miss E. A. Butterfield ; Ida H. Lamson. 
No. 9. Miss Ella J. Bragg. One term. 
No. 10. Miss Katie E. Kidder ; Miss E. A. Butterfield. 

Teachers, 1872. 
No. I. Miss Mary C. Mclntire ; Abbie J. Kidder. 
No. 2. Miss Lizzie M. King. Two terms. 
No. 3. Miss Julia A. Dodge, ist and 3rd terms; Sarah E. Richardson, 

No. 4. Mi3s Mary C. Mclntire. Winter term. 


Miss Carrie H. Walton. Two terms. 

Miss Eliza Spalding. Two terms. 

Miss Clara A. Curtis. Two terms. 

Miss Ida H. Lamsou ; Millie C. Waldo. 

Miss Ida Belle Johnson. 

Miss Klleu M. Woodbury; Eliza A. Butterfield. 

Teachers, 1873. 
Miss Mary F. Richardson. Both terms. 
Miss Clara Curtis, John Moses; Frank E. Hadley, Nashua. 
Miss Susan Howard, two terms ; Silas B. Dutton, Francestown. 
Miss Clara F. Dodge. One term. 
Miss Nellie A. Steele; Miss Clara Curtis. 
Miss Eliza H. Spalding, Wilton. Both terms. 
Miss Julia A. Dodge. Both terms. 
Miss Ella J. Richardson. Both terms. 
Miss Ella J. Richardson. One term. 
Miss Katie Kidder; Miss Abbie Kidder. 

Teachers, 1874. 
Miss Ella M. Dodge. Both terms. 
Miss Mary C. Mclntire. Both terms. 

Miss L/Ottie M. Wallace, Mary F. Richardson ; Lizzie S. Pike. 
Miss Lizzie M. King. One term. 
Miss Clara Curtis ; Hattie Curtis. 
Miss Mary A. Hartshorn ; Oldie A. Barrett. 
Miss Mina A. Brown ; Ida H. Lamson. 
Miss Emeline Spalding; Miss Emma L. White. 
Miss Emeline Spalding. One term. 
Susie J. Wheelock ; Minnie A. Ames. 

Teachers, 1875. 
Miss Abbie H. Rand ; Mary L. Dutton ; Addie E. Gould. 
Miss Lucie Stiles ; Mr. W. L. Crabbie. 
Miss Lottie M. Wallace ; Miss Emeline Spalding, fall and 

George N. Merrill. One term. 
Miss Katie S. Curtis ; Marion E. Center. 
Miss Abbie A. Boynton ; Miss Ella S. Burnham. 
Miss Belle V. Tyler. Both terms. 
Miss Emma L. White. Both terms. 
Miss Emeline Spalding. One term. 
10. Miss Emma L. White ; Eliza A. Butterfield. 

Teachers, 1876. 
Miss Hattie J. Carson. Two terms. 
Miss Fannie C. Goodhue ; Miss Hattie S. Curtis. 
Miss Emeline Spalding, two terms; Mr. D. A. Stiles, winter. 
Henry D. Soule. Oue term. 
Miss Nellie H. Woodbury. Two terms. 
Miss Ella S. Burnham. Two terms. 
Miss Emma J. Tarbell. Two terms. 
Miss Emma L. Little ; Eva M. Fletcher. 


• 5- 




• 7- 




• 9- 


. 10. 


, I. 












































































No. 9. Miss Sarah. A. Keyes. Two terms. 
No. 10. Miss Josie A. Proctor ; Fred Ranger. 

Teachers, 1877. 
No. I. Miss Emeline Spalding. Two terms. 
No. 2. Miss H. J, Carson. Two terms. 

No. 3. Miss Clara A. Curtis. Two terms; D. A. Stiles, 3rd term. 
No. 4. Miss Clara F. Dodge. One term. 
No. 5. Miss Lucy C Barrett; Mr. J. B. Warner. 
No. 6. Miss Kate S. Curtis; Clara A. Curtis. 
No. 7. Miss Ella A. Rand; Kate S. Curtis. 
No. 8. Miss E. M. Fletcher, two terms; Nettie M. Giddings, 
No. 9. Miss Eva L. Savage ; Miss A. A. Russell. 
No. 10. Miss Nettie F. Ranger. Two terms. 

Teachers, 1878. 
No. I. Miss Lora Tarbell. Two terms. 
No. 2. Miss Ella M. Dodge. Two terms. 

No. 3. Miss J. H. Karr began, Mr. F. B. Richards, closed the year. 
No. 4. Miss Nettie M. Carson ; John Carson. 
No. 5. Miss Katie S. Curtis. Two terms. 
No. 6. Miss Grace H. Crosby; George W. Battles. 
No. 7. Miss Hattie Carson. Two terms. 
No. 8. Miss Lizzie R. Kidder ; Miss Julia A. Dodge. 
No. 9. Miss Lizzie Cummings. Two terms. 

No. 10. Miss M. A. Pritchard; Charles Brown began, George K. Wood, 

Teachers, 1879. 
No. I. Miss Hattie Emerson; Miss Nancy Flint. 
No. 2. Miss Addie Hook; Miss Fanny Coombs. 
No. 3. Mrs. Clara Cram, two terms ; Mr. F. B. Richards. 
No. 4. Miss Katie Curtis. Two terms. 
No. 5. Miss Eva Fletcher; Miss Sarah McLane. 
No. 6. Miss Grace Crosby ; Miss Julia Dodge. 
No. 7. Miss Emma Perham ; Miss Annie Kayes. 
No. 8. Miss Katie Curtis ; Miss Jennie Downer. 
No. 9. Miss Lizzie Cummings. Two terms. 
No. 10. Miss Eliza Downes ; Farley Atwood. 

Teachers, 1880. 
No. I. Miss Ella M. Dodge; Miss Clara F. Dodge. 
No. 2. Miss Fannie Hall ; Harry Whittemore. 
No, 3. Mrs. Clara Cram, for the year. 
No. 4. Miss Ella Woodward. Two terms. 
No. 5. Miss Kate Curtis ; Miss Wealthy Farwell. 
No. 6. Miss Lora Tarbell, Two terms. 
No. 7. Mrs. Emma J. Perham ; Clarence L. Trow. 
No. 8. Miss Susie Wood ; Miss Julia Dodge. 
No. 9. Miss Sarah McLane ; Miss Fannie L. Farnham. 
No. 10. Miss Annie L. Langdell ; Miss Lizzie J. Jordan. 


No. I 
No. 2 
No. 3 
No. 4 
No. 5 
No. 6 
No. 7 
No. 8 
No. 9 

No. I 
No. 2 

No. 3 
No. 4 
No. 5 
No. 6 
No. 7 
No. 8 
No. 9 

Teachers, i88i. 
Miss Anna S. Richardson ; Jennie E. Fuller. 
Miss I^aura S. Sawin ; Harry W. Whittemore. 
Miss Jennie M. Carr. Three terms. 
Miss Ann F. Langrlell ; Dana B. Whittemore. 
Miss Emma C. Cram ; Miss Carrie F. Averill. 
Miss Nellie Wilson ; Miss Mary E. Bussell. 
Mrs. Emma J. Perham. Two terms. 
Miss Jennie Scott. Two terms. 
Miss H. J. Herlihy. Two terms. 
No. lo. Miss Lizzie J. Jordan. Two terms. 

Teachers, 1882. 
Miss Anna S. Richardson ; Miss Addie E. Gould. 
Miss Ivucie S. Stiles ; Mrs. Kmma J. Perham. 
Miss Annie E. Caldwell ; Harry W. Whittemore ; F. B. Richards. 
Miss Anna F. Langdell. Two terms. 
Miss Agnes M. Leach. Two terms. 
Miss Abbie E. Crosby. Two terms. 
Miss Carrie F. Averill. Two terms. 
Miss Lizzie R. Kidder ; Mr. D. A. Stiles. 
Miss Hannah J. Herlihy ; Miss Eva L- Twiss. 
No. 10. Miss L. Hattie Pevear ; Elmer E. Fisher. 

Teachers, 1883. 
No. I. Miss Addie E. Gould; Miss Clintie A. Burton. 
No. 2. Miss Jennie E. Fuller. Two terms. 
No. 3. Miss Emma J. Nahor. Three terms. 
No. 4. Miss Emma H. Lamson. Two terms. 
No. 5. Miss Etta J. Curtis ; Miss Helen M. Hadley. 
No. 6. Miss Grace H. Crosby; Miss Emma F. Wyman. 
No. 7. Miss Ida M. Kittridge ; Miss Jessie F. Crosby. 
No. 8. Miss Hannah J. Herlihy. 
No. 9. Miss Clintie M. Duncklee. Two terms. 
No. 10. Miss Ann F. Langdell. Two terms. 

Teachers, 1884. 

Miss Annie M. Curtis ; Miss Nellie M. Atwood. 

Miss Jennie F. White ; Willis M. Mason; Charlotte M. Wallace. 

Miss Emma J. Nahor. Two terms. 

Miss Emma H. Lamson. Two terms. 

Miss Grace B. Hutchinson ; Miss M. Jennie Child. 

Miss Jennie F. White ; Miss Emma F. Wyman. 

Miss Jessie F. Crosby. Two terms. 

Miss Hannah J. Herlihy ; Miss Nellie E. Ordway. 

Miss Mabel Hadley. Two terms. 
No. 10. Miss Ann F. Langdell ; Miss Julia L- Langdell. 

Teachers, 1885. 
No. I. Miss Annie S. Clark; Miss Annie M. Curtis. 
No. 2. Miss Fannie L. Carleton. Two terms. 
No. 3. Miss Emma J. Nahor. Two terms. 

No. I 
No. 2 
No. 3 
No. 4 
No. 5 
No. 6 
No* 7 
No. 8 
No. 9 


No. 4. Miss Emma H. Lamson. Two terms. 

No. 5. Miss M. Jennie Child ; Miss J. Clara Burton. 

No. 6. Miss J. Clara Burton ; Stephen W. Ford. Two terms. 

No. 7. Miss Mary Crosby. One term. 

No. 8. Miss Hannah J. Herlihy ; Miss Soule. 

No. 9. Miss Mabel Hadley; Miss Lizzie M. Spalding. 

No. ID. Miss Minnie D. Lovejoy. Two terms. 

Teachers, 1886. 
No. I. Miss Mabel Hadley. Two terms. 
No. 2. Miss Clintie Duncklee ; Miss Flora M. Holt. 
No. 3. Miss Eva Fletcher. Three terms. 
No. 4. Miss Emma Fisher. Two terms. 
No. 5. Miss J. Clara Burton. Two terms. 
No. 6. Miss Emma R. Holt ; C. L- Carpenter. 
No. 7. Miss Flora Holt; S. K. Swinington. 
No. 8. Miss Jennie E. Shattuck ; Louie Richardson. 
No. 9. Miss Eunice Hodkin. Two terms. 
No. 10. C. M. Farnum; A. F. Langdell. 

Teachers, 1887. 
No. I. Miss Hattie Crosby, One term. 
No. 2. Miss Belle M. Harrison ; Miss S. Eliza Atkinson. 
No. 3. Miss J. Clara Burton, three terms ; Ellis Ring, one term. 
No. 4. Miss Emma Fisher. Three terms. 
No. 5. Miss Mabel Hadley ; G. Scott Mackay. 
No. 6. Miss Belle M. Harrison. Two terms. 
No. 7. Miss Flora M. Holt ; Miss Emma Fuller. 

Teachers, 1888. 
No. I. Miss J. Clara Burton ; Miss Ida M. Fletcher. 
No. 2. Miss Annie M. Curtis; Miss Lois Mclntire. 

No. 3. Miss Mabel E. Rogers; Miss Annie M. Curtis ; W. N. Donovan. 
No. 4. Miss Clintie M. Duncklee ; Emma Fisher. 
No. 5. Miss J. Clara Burton. One term. 
No. 6. Miss Belle McCollom ; J. G. G. Thompson. 
No. 7. E. D. McCollom ; Miss Bertha L. Wilson, 
No. 9. Miss Martha R, Sargent. Two terms. 

Teachers, 1889. 
No. I. Miss Florence A. Ring; Miss Ettie M. McGilvray. 
No. 2. Miss Mabel Hadley. Two terms. 
No. 3. W.N. Donovan, two weeks, and sick ; Miss Fannie L. Carlton 

completed year. 
No. 4. Miss Emma Fisher ; Miss Alice G. Crosby ; Miss Lizzie G. Curtis. 
No. 5. Miss J. Clara Burton ; Miss Katie J. Herlihy. 
No. 6. Miss Alice G. Crosby ; Miss Eva L. French. 
No. 7. Miss Belle M. Morrison. Two terms. 
No. 9. Miss Belle M. Morrison. One term. 

Teachers, 1890. 

No. I. Miss Emma L. Pettee. Two terms. 

No. 2. Miss Mabel Hadley ; Miss Lizzie F. Johnson. 


No. 3. Miss Fannie I^, Carlton, the year. 

No. 4. Miss Ida M. Mason. Two terms. 

No. 5. Miss Alice G. Crosby. One term. 

No. 6. Miss P>a I. French. Two terms. 

No. 7. Miss Ida M. Mason. One term. 

No. 9. Miss Belle Morrison ; Miss Katie J. Herlihy. 

Teachers, 1891. 

No. 1. Miss Annie E. Downes ; Miss Clin tie A. Emery. 

No. 2. Miss Mary E. Richardson ; Miss Mabel Hadley. 

No. 3. Miss Eva I. French. Three terms. 

No. 4. Miss Ida M. Mason. Two terms. 

No. 5. Miss Maude L. French ; Miss Mary E. Richardson. 

No. 6. Miss Maude M. Harrison. Two terms. 

No. 7. Miss Hannah E. Hickey ; Miss Maude M. Harrison. 

No. 9. Miss Mary E. Richardson. One term. 

Teachers, 1892. 

No. I. Miss Clintie A. Emery; Miss I^illie M. Butler. 

No. 2. Miss Jennie M. Joslin ; Miss Mabel Hadley. 

No. 3. Miss Carrie M. Proctor ; Miss Ida. M. Mason ; Miss Clara Blood. 

No. 4. Miss Lillie M. Prince ; Miss Clintie A. Emery. 

No. 5. Miss Katie J. Herlihy. Two terms. 

No. 6. Miss Maude M. Harrison. Two terms. 

No. 7. Miss Marion Hartshorn ; Miss Lu A. Butler. 

Teachers, 1893. 

No. I. Miss L,illie M. Butler; Miss Hannah J. Herlihy. 

No. 2. Miss lyu A. Butler ; Miss Agnes Cary Curtis. 

No. 3. Miss Clara H. Blood. Three terms. 

Fo. 4. Miss Susie J. Chickering ; Miss Emma J. Duncklee. 

No. 5. Miss Agnes Cary Curtis ; Miss Flora M. Chapman. 

No. 6. Miss Mabel Hadley. Two terms. 

No. 7. Miss Lillie M. Butler. 

No. 9. Miss Hattie E. Thompson ; Miss Carrie M. Downes. 

Teachers, 1894. 

No. I. Miss Hannah J. Herlihy; Miss Grace E. Putnam. 

No. 2. Miss Marion M. Hartshorn. Two terms. 

No. 3. Miss Clara H. Blood. Three terms. 

No. 4. Miss Emma J. Duncklee. Two terms. 

No. 5. Miss Agnes W. Curtis ; Miss Addie W. Downes ; H. J. Herlihy. 

No. 6. Miss Mabel Hadley. Two terms. 

No. 7. Mrs. Frances H. Curtis. Two terms. 

Teachers, 1895. 

No. I. Miss Emma J. Duncklee. Three terms. 

No. 2. Miss Mabel Hadley. Two terms. 

No. 3. Miss Ida S. Fletcher. Three terms. 

No. 6. Miss Helen M. Chase, one term ; Miss Nellie M. Perham, two 


No. 7. Mrs. F. H. Curtis. One term. 



No. I. 
No. 2. 
No. 3. 
No. 6. 
No. 7. 
No. 9. 

No. I. 
No. 2. 
No. 3. 
No. 6. 
No. 9. 

No. I. 
No. 2. 
No. 3. 

No. 6. 
No. 7. 
No. 9. 

No. I. 
No. 2. 
Ro. 3. 
No. 5. 
No. 6. 
No. 7. 

No. I. 
No. 3. 
No. 6. 
No. 7. 
No. 9. 

No. I. 

No. 3. 
No. 5. 
No. 6. 

No. 7. 

No. I. 
No, 3. 
No. 4. 
No. 5. 
No. 6. 
No. 7. 

Teachers, 1896. 
S. K. Swinington. Two terms. 

Miss Mabel Hadley, one term; Miss Minnie Martin, two terms. 
Miss Edna Swift, two terms ; Algernon W. Putnam, one term. 
Miss Clintina E. Curtis. Three terms. 
Mrs. F. H. Curtis. One term. 
Miss Lillian G. Harrington. Two terms. 

Teachers, 1897. 
Miss Imogene E. Edwards. Two terms. 
Miss Agues C. Curtis ; Miss Eva M. Bugbee. 
Miss Clintina E. Curtis. Three terms. 
Miss Elsie B. Curtis. Two terms. 
Miss Lillian G. Harrington ; Miss Alice F. Herlihy. 

Teachers, 1898. 
Miss Irene V. Murch. Two terms. 
Miss Eva M. Bugbee ; Miss Ida B. Woodward. 
Miss Clintina E. Curtis, one term; Miss Helen C. Famsworth, 

two terms. 
Elsie B. Curtis. Two terms. 
Miss Marion M. Hartshorn. One term. 
Miss Alice M. Herlihy. Two terms. 

Teachers, 1899. 
Miss Irene V. Murch. One term. 
Miss Minnie L,. Martin. One term. 

Three terms. 
, C. M. G. Johnson. 

Two terms. 
Two terms. 
Teachers, 1900. 

C. L,. Brock way. 

Miss Jennie G. Dodge, one term ; Miss Ida Fletcher, two terms. 

Miss L,. Anabel Tenney. Three terms. 

Miss Elizabeth Desilets. Two terms. 

Miss Carrie G. Johnson. Three terms. 

Teachers, 1901. 
C. L,. Brockway, one term ; Miss Ethel M. Hadley, two terms. 
Miss Ida Fletcher, two terms ; Miss Annie Curtis, one term. 
C. M. Johnson, one term ; Miss Florence Chauncey, two terms. 
Miss Ethel M. Hadley, one term ; Miss Annie Curtis, two terms. 
Miss Lizzie Desilets. Three terms. 

Teachers, 1902. 
Miss Ethel M. Hadley. Three terms. 
Miss Annie Curtis. Three terms. 
Miss Annie Senter. Two terms. 
Miss Florence M. Chauncey. Three terms. 
Miss Blanche M. Bullard. Three terms. 
Miss Elizabeth Desilets. Three terms. 

Miss Jennie G. Dodge. 
Miss Bertha C. Duncan 
Miss Julia L. Langdell. 
Miss Alice F. Herlihy. 


Teachers, 1903. 
No. I. MissJ5thel M. Hadley, one ; Miss Amy T. Teuny, two terms. 
No. 3. Miss Annie M. Curtis, two terms; Miss Lizzie M. Gordon, one 

No. 4. Miss Edith E. Weston. One term. 
No. 5. Miss Martha M. Whitney ; Miss Edith E. Weston ; Miss Martha 

M. Whitney. 
No. 6. Miss Amy T. Tenny, one term ; Miss Bertha G. Perham, two 

No. 7. Miss Florence M. Chauncey, one term ; Miss Edith Parker, two 


Teachers, 1904. 
No. I. Miss Amy Tenney. Three terms. 
No. 3. Miss Annie M. Curtis, one term ; Miss Bertha T. Parker, two 

No. 5. Miss Martha M. Whitney. Three terms. 

No. 6. Miss Bertha G. Perham, one term ; Miss Bertha G. P. Wood- 
ward, two terms. 
No. 7. Miss Bertha T. Parker, one term ; Miss Annie M. Curtis, two 




the social library 
The town of Lyndeborough, in the early days, did not possess 
many literary advantages. Some of its citizens, however, 
evinced an appreciation of the value of good books. For we 
find a "Social Library" not only in operation, but also, actu- 
ally incorporated, in the year 1798. Very likely it had been in 
existence some time before its founders sought to have it sanc- 
tioned by legal enactment. It seems to have been conducted as 
a stock company, governed by its proprietors. Its collection of 
books was good for that day, It was incorporated seven years 
before the Francestown " Social Library,"* although the latter 
was thought to be "the first of its kind in the vicinity " ; and it 
was thirteen years ahead of the " Peterborough Social Library. "t 
An extract from the act of incorporation follows : — 
" Be it enacted by the Senate & House of Representatives in General 
Court convened, that Sewall Goodrich, Ephraim Putnam, Peter Clark, 
and their associates, proprietors of said library & all such as may here- 
after become proprietors of the same be & they hereby are incorporated 
into a body politic by the name of the Proprietors of the Social Library in 
Lyndeborough continuation & succession forever — in that name may 
sue and be sued in all actions personal & maj' prosecute & defend the 
same to final judgment & execution & they are hereby vested with all the 
powers & privileges incident to corporations of a similar nature & may 
enjoin penalties of disfranchisement or fine not exceeding three dollars 
for each offence to be recovered by said Societj' in an action of debt to 
their use in any court in said State proper to try the same ; & they may 
purchase & receive subscriptions, grants & donations of personal estate 
not exceeding the sum of one thousand dollars for the benefit of their as- 

Approved Dec. 4, 1798. 

J. T. Gilman, Governor. 
A true copy, Attest : 

Philip Carrigain Secretary. 

An old schedule gives, 17, 53, 54, 70, as the numbers of books 
to be sold out of the library, and also names for purchase, 
"Washington's Letters, European Spectator, 8 volumes, (was it 
Addison's?) Evelina, History of a young lady, 3 volumes, Ed- 

* Francestown mstory, p. 403. f Peterborough History, p. 113. 


wards on tlie Affections, Keith on Prophecy and Andrew Ful- 
ler's "The Gospel its own Witness." The works here named 
indicate something of the rugged manhood which prompted 
their selection. We have found no record of the success or of 
the decline of this institution. But like the noble men who 
originated it, having served its generation, it passed away. 

From records found by Mr. Woodward, he adds, " This 
library established in Lyndeborough was organized in April, 
1792. It was a subscription librar}-, and the books were kept 
at the village at the middle of the town. The following are 
the subscriber's names, with the amount contributed : — 







Rev. Sewall Goodridge 


Eleazer Woodward 


Joseph Kidder 


Ephraim Kidder 


John Epes 



Dan' Gould 



Ithemere Woodward 


Capt. Jacob Wellman 


Capt. Jonas Kidder 


Jonathan Chamberlain. Jr. 


Simeon Wilson 


Maj. Clark 


Dr. Benj. Jones 


Aaron Putnam 



Capt. William Barron 


Dea. Ephraim Putnam 


William Button 


Ephraim Putman, Jr. 


Dan^ Cram, i^ 


James Ordway 


Lieut. Aaron Lewis 


John Woodward 


Capt. Sam' Houston 


Dan' Hard}' 


Uriah Cram 



John Clark 


John Besom 


Lieut. Joseph Batchelder 

John Boffee 


Aaron Carkin 

Lieut. J. Blanchard 


Esq. Spaulding 

James Boutwell 


Benj. Epes 

The amounts given by the last four subscribers are not legible 
on the record. Of this amount of money raised, ^6, 19s., gd. 
was expended by Esq. Rand for books Apr. 1792, and July 2, 
same year, Dan' Gould expended ^8, os., 3d. for books, and the 
expense of ' ' giting ' ' them was 3s. 

After a record of fines is this entry, under date of Sept. 3, 
1798: — 

" Reckoned and settled with Peter Clark Treasurer to y* Social library 
in the Town and find due to said proprietors five dollars and twenty-nine 
cents to balance. Jonas Kidder, John Clark, Aaron Lewis, Committee.'' 

This was money received from fines and the sale of one book 
to Dr. Benjamin Jones. The list of the subscribers' names show 
that it was supported by people from all parts of the town. The 
amount given was nearly a hundred dollars, a large sum in those 
early days, and this shows, also, the strong desire for knowl- 
edge which our forbears had." 



In the winter of 1850-51 the citizens of the town organized a 
lyceum, or at any rate were holding lyceum meetings, and 
among the questions proposed for discussion was the following : 
" Resolved : That Napoleon Bonaparte was a greater man than 
George Washington." William H. Grant and William A. 
Jones, then young men, were among the disputants, and started 
out one morning to see if they could find a " Life of Napoleon," 
a book they much desired to consult. They called on William 
J. Herrick at his shoemaker's shop, and there these three Wil- 
liams came to the conclusion that books were entirely too scarce 
in Lyndeborough, and that some way should be devised to 
remedy the fault. The result of that conversation was that 
they went to see Rev. Mr. Claggett. The result of the inter- 
view was that a meeting was called for a week from the follow- 
ing Saturday at the town hall for the purpose of talking the 
matter over. Mr. Claggett actively interested himself, and 
there was a pretty full attendance of those interested. At this 
meeting a plan was outlined for a library association, and a 
constitution and by-laws were drafted, and much of the stock 
was subscribed for. 



Preamble : Feeling it important to cultivate a taste for profitable read- 
ing and to procure access to good books in the various departments of 
literature we form ourselves into a body corporate agreeably to the laws 
of this Commonwealth and adopt the following Constitution and By- 
Laws : 


Art. I. This shall be called the Franklin Library Association. 

Art. 2. The stock of this Association shall be taken in shares of one 
dollar each, and every share shall be subject to such tax as may be 
assessed from time to time by vote of the Association. All the income of 
the Association arising from the sale of stock and from other sources 
except what is necessary to defray current expenses, shall be appro- 
priated to the purchase of books. 

Art. 3. Any person may at any time by purchasing one or more shares 
become a member of this Association. 

Art. 4. The officers of this Association shall consist of a Board of 
five Directors to be chosen annually. 

Art. 5. The Directors shall at their first regular meeting make choice 
of one of their number for Chairman who shall preside at all meetings 
of the Association. 


Art. 6. It 3hall be the duty of the Directors to select and purchase 
books for the Association, appoint Librarians, extend the sale of stock, 
meet once in three months to inspect the state of the library, appraise 
damages if any and distribute books, also to make a report of their 
doings at the annual meeting of the Association, and transact all other 
needful business. 

Art. 7. This Association shall hold its annual meetings the first Satur- 
day in January to choose officers, hear the report of the directors and 
transact all other necessary business. 

Art. 8. All votes of this Association shall be taken by stock when 
requested by one or more members. 

Art. 9. This constitution may be altered or amended at any regular 
meeting of the Association by vote of three-fourths of the stockholders. 


Sect. I. No member shall have books from the library amounting in 
value to more than their stock unless it be a single volume of more than 
that value. 

vSect. 2. All books shall be returned to the library at or before every 
quarterly meeting of the Directors, and any member not complying with 
this law shall be fined six per cent, on the value of the books charged to 
him, and three per cent, for each succeeding week until the fine shall 
amount to the cost of the book or books. 

Sect. 3. Every member shall be held responsible for all books charged 
to him, and shall be liable for all damages committed on the same 
while in his possession, and any member charged with the damage of a 
book may have it at his option to pay said damages or take the book at 
its appraised value. 

Sect. 4. No member shall be entitled to draw books from the library 
who neglects to pay any fine or charge for damages standing against 

Sect. 5. Any member may at any time except at the quarterly meet- 
ings of the Directors draw books from the library by paying three per 
cent, on their value. 

Sect. 6. At the quarterly meetings of the Directors any member wish- 
ing for any particular book may request of the Librarian to sell the use 
of the same to the highest bidder, and no book shall be drawn from the 
Library at said meetings in any other way. 

Sect. 7. No member shall lend any book belonging to the Association 
to any person not residing in the same house with himself, unless it be a 
stockholder, and for every infringement of this law he shall be fined 
twenty-five cents (amended Jan. i, 1853). Every stockholder shall pay 
an additional three per cent, every time while charged to him any book 
is lent to another stockholder and shall be responsible for all damages 
on the same until returned to the library. 




No. of 

No. of 




John Richardson 



Asa Hill 



Israel Herrick 



Benj. G. Herrick 



Benj. J. Clark 



Josiah Wheeler 



Lyndeboro Benefit Asso. 



John C. Goodrich 



Charles Parker 



Charles H. Parker 



Isaiah C. Parker 



Sherebiah Manning 



Wm. A. Jones 



Harvey Perham 



Otis Perham 



Eli C. Curtis 



Wm. W. Curtis 


Burnham Russell 
Isaac Duncklce 
Levi Holt 
George Woodward 
Charles Carkin 
Eliza M. Cochran 
Mary A. Joslin 


Leonard G. Brown 


Nathan Richardson 


William Raymond 


Henry F. Dodge 


Levi Spalding 


David D. Clark 


David E. Upton 


George B. Young 


Benj. F. Holt 


Asa B, Clark 


Lois J. Mclntire 

Rev. E. B. Claggett 
David C. Grant 
Wm. H. Grant 
D. B. Whittemore 
David Holt 
Wm. L. Whittemore 
Lafayette Herrick 
Daniel Woodward, Jr. 
Williams Woodward 
Putnam Woodward 
Artemas Woodward 
James H. Karr 
Wm. R. Duncklee 
Clark B. Jones 
Sylvester Hill 
Wm. J. Herrick 
Wm. Jones 
Rodney C. Boutwell 
Nathan Boutwell 
Levi P. Spalding 
George E. Spalding 
Peter Clark 
Oliver Bixby 
Oliver H. Bixby 
John Wellman 2nd 
Luther Cram 
Amaziah Blanchard 
Ebenezer Fisk 
Jonathan Stephenson 
Samuel N. Hartshorn 
John Bachelder 
John Proctor 
Alonzo Hartshorn 
Wm. N. Ryerson 
Mary C. Lucas 
Edmond J. Parker 

Jan., 1 85 1. At a voluntary meeting of the stockholders of 
the Franklin Library Association at the town hall, the meet- 
ing being called to order, John Richardson was chosen chair- 
man, and D. B. Whittemore secretary, for the meeting. After 
remarks had been made by several members in regard to the 
future prospects of the association, it was unanimously voted 
that the association now go into permanent organization by the 
choice of directors. And in accordance with said vote the fol- 
lowing gentlemen were chosen the first directors of the associa- 


tion. Israel Herrick, David Holt, Daniel B. Whittemore, David 
C. Grant, E. B. Claggett. Voted that this meeting adjourn to 
the call of the directors, D. B. Whittemore, secretary. 

May 17, 1851, the first sale of books was made, and at this 
meeting Israel Herrick was chosen president of the Board of 
Directors, and David C. Grant, secretary. The amount realized 
from the sale of stock and other sources was $163.12. A room 
was furnished at the house of Josiah Wheeler, and Mrs. Wheeler 
was made librarian, which ofl&ce she kept until her death, in 
1870. Four hundred and five books have been purchased and 
77 donated by the U. S. departments. 

After the death of Mrs. Wheeler the library was removed to 
the parsonage, and since it has been located at various houses. 
Since the formation of the town free public library the Franklin 
library has practically ceased to be patronized. In i860 John 
H. Goodrich was chosen secretary and treasurer, which offices 
he has held ever since, a term of fortj^-four years. 

The sale of the books at the quarterly meetings was some- 
times productive of much fun and sometimes spirited bidding, 
especially when new books had been bought. For a long time 
fiction was not in favor with those who selected the books, and 
for that reason the library contains many standard works, much 
of history, and books of a scientific character. It has been a 
blessing to the town ! 


Fogg's " Gazetteer of New Hampshire," published in 1874, 
reports at that time a library at South Lyndeborough which con- 
tained three hundred volumes. A writer in the Milford E?i- 
terpHse of June, 1878, states that the South Lyndeborough 
library contained about four hundred volumes. Definite dates 
of the origin of this library do not now seem attainable. But it 
is probable that it was started late in the sixties. Mrs. E. C. 
Tarbell was one of its earlier librarians, and the books were then 
kept in Tarbell's hall, about where our public library is now 

The prime mover in founding this library seems to have been 
a talented lady who was accustomed to spend a portion of her 
summers here, Miss Clara Urann. She circulated a paper and 
obtained subscriptions for it among the boarders and others. 
She enlisted Mr. Merrill, her brother-in-law, in favor of it. He 
was an elocutionist, and gave a reading in aid of the enterprise. 


The library thus begun was designed for the common benefit 
of both citizens and summer guests, and the number of the 
books indicates that a very lively interest was taken in the 
project. The books were also of admirable quality. Among 
them was a set of Bancroft's " History of the United States " 
and a large sprinkling of standard works. 

In time, however, the interest in maintaining it flagged ; and 
in the decade commencing with 1880, the books were much 
scattered through the community, and systematic care for them 
had rather relaxed. Though greatly reduced in the number of 
its volumes, the library still continued in operation until the 
Ivyndeborough public library was established, and then, nemine 
contradicente , became merged in that organization. 


The public statutes of New Hampshire, in 1891, made pro- 
vision to aid in establishing free public libraries in all towns of 
the state which should by vote at a legal town meeting accept 
the provision. The towns accepting the aid were to receive one 
hundred dollars' worth of books after having provided in a sat- 
isfactory manner " for the care, custody and distribution of the 

Any town accepting these provisions must " annually appro- 
priate for the use and maintenance of its free public library a 
sum not less than fifty dollars, if its last assessed valuation was 
one million dollars or upward, or a sum not less than twenty-five 
dollars, if the valuation was less than one million and not less 
than two hundred and fifty thousand dollars, or a sum not less 
than fifteen dollars if the valuation was less than two hundred 
and fifty thousand dollars."! 

Eighty-one towns voted in favor of accepting the provisions of 
the law, among which was Ljmdeborough, although it had not 
fully completed all its arrangements. 

Library commissioners had been appointed to further the work 
of establishing such libraries. Their aim, as avowed, was " to 
get the best books rather than the cheapest," to have quality 
rather than number. This aim, we believe, was evidenced by 
the volumes which they selected. 

The accession list of the books granted by the State was not 
made up till March, 1894, when one hundred and four volumes 
were entered, and three more were added the following June. 

* Public Statutes, 1891, Chap. XIII, Sec. 24. f lb., Chap. XIII, Sec. 25. 


Further additions have been made, not only by town appropria- 
tions, but also by private citizens. The late Mr. William R. 
Putnam, a native of Lyndeborough, residing in Woburn, Mass., 
made very large personal gifts to it ; and as the executor of the 
will of the late Jotham Hildreth, he appropriated five hundred 
dollars from the latter's estate, for the purchase of books for our 
library. This grant added many volumes to our collection. 
The town has also made liberal appropriations year by year, 
until now there are thirteen hundred and thirty-five volumes 
upon our lists, many of which are very instructive as well as in- 
teresting and entertaining. One hundred volumes were added 
to the library during the year ending Feb. 15, 1904. 

Its present trustees are Mr. W. S. Tarbell, secretary of the 
board since its first organization ; Mr. Algernon W. Putnam, 
elected last year, and Rev. D. Donovan, treasurer, continuously 
since its organization. Two other gentlemen served as trus- 
tees for a time, namely, S. N. Hartshorn, Esq., who served till 
his death, and Mr. J. A. Woodward, who resigned last year. 

The library is now in its third domicil ; it was first placed in 
the building now used as post office and store, with Mrs. Lizzie 
G. Tarbell as librarian ; it was secondly housed in the B. & M. 
R. R. station, with Mrs. E. A. Danforth as librarian; and 
thirdly, given its present quarters, over Tarbell's store, with W. 
S. Tarbell as librarian. 

We hope, not vainly, I trust, that some worthy child of 
Lyndeborough, blessed with abundant means, will yet build for 
himself " monumentum aere perennius,^^ a monument more last- 
ing than bronze, in the form of a convenient library building, 
and thus confer an enduring benefit upon future sons of his 
beloved native town. 



By special request of the writer, Mr. lyUther Cram, the oldest 
member of our " Town History Committee," in his eighty-sixth 
year, furnished the following account of one of the earliest 
lyceums in Lyndeborough. He wrote : 

" Soon after the erection of the store at South L,yndeborough, 
a lyceum was organized composed of the adult portion of the 
community, with a preamble substantially as follows : 

' We, the undersigned, believing that a well-conducted lyceum is of 
great advantage, form ourselves into an organization to be known as the 
South Lyndeboro Lyceum, the object of which is to prepare ourselves 
more fully to perform our duties as American Citizens, adopt the follow- 
ing Constitution and By Laws : ' 

The meetings were held in the hall over the store, which was 
fairly well filled each week with interested members. The ex- 
ercises consisted of debates by the male members, and composi- 
tions and essays by the ladies. Those who took part in the 
exercises would seek information on the subject of debate ; and 
consequently, books which had lain neglected and unread for 
years, were brought into use, much to the benefit of the dis- 
putant and the interest of the audience. An effort was also 
made in those gatherings to improve in a correct use of the 
English language. Critics were appointed to report any im- 
proper use of words or phrases introduced into the debate. An 
example of this kind occurred once in a discussion of the pro- 
hibitory law, when all the speakers, except one, called it ' pro- 
hibetary ' law. The remarks of the critics were so keen and 
trenchant, that the proper word was used ever after in that 

Among the teachers who interested themselves in the lyceums 
of those times was Ephraim Knight of Hancock, famous at a 
later day as teacher of mathematics and natural sciences at the 
New lyondon Literary and Scientific Institution, New London, 
New Hampshire. 

Mr. Cram thinks that the first lyceum in town was organized 
in District No. 3, and also, that this of which he has written 
was one of the earliest. He distinctly remembers when Prof. 


Daniel Putnam of Ypsilanti, Michigan, as a boy, took part in 
the discussion, and was at times followed by his grandsire, 
Daniel Putnam, Esq., who was thirteen times elected represen- 
tative to the New Hampshire legislature. The latter was ac- 
customed to refer so deferentially and respectfully to "the 
gentleman last on the floor," or to the "remarks of the pre- 
ceding speaker, ' ' that it is pleasant and refreshing even at this 
day to recall the scenes. 

"Of the Lyceum," Prof. Putnam has written, "I can add 
little, perhaps nothing, to what Mr. Cram knows. My impres- 
sion is that it was the first of the Lyceums organized in the 
town. The organization must have been a little earlier than 
1840, but I have no means of fixing the exact date. I have 
reason to remember the Lyceum with some measure of grati- 
tude, as my first practice in public speaking was in the discus- 
sions of that society. . . We discussed, and of course settled, 
a good many important questions, among these the question, 
" Which have the greater influence, men or women? " I do 
not now remember how that question was decided." 

In that lyceum two papers were edited, one of which was 
called " The Bee,''^ and was conducted by the boy, Daniel 
Putnam. Of this matter. Prof. Putnam has recently written, 
" I remember something of ' The Bee,' of which Mr. Cram 
speaks. My work in editing ' The Bee,' came about in this 
way, my uncle, David J. Putnam, edited a paper, the title of 
which I do not recall, in which he advocated certain views to 
which I could not then subscribe ; and ' The Bee ' took the 
opposite side. As I think over the matter, after the experience 
of a good many years, I can readily believe that my writing 
then was verj' crude, but I got some facility in expression 
which has been of advantage to me in later years, and I sup- 
pose the members of the Lyceum got some enjoyment out of 
the matter." 

That the lyceum here described in part was of some advan- 
tage will doubtless be conceded after testimonies such as have 
been cited. In entire harmonj'^ with these is a preamble of one 
of the constitutions adopted by a lyceum of later date at Lynde- 
borough Centre. It proceeds : 

"We, believing that it is a duty as well as a privilege to cultivate and 
improve those intellectual powers which the Great Author of our being 
has given us — believing also, that in no waj' can this be better accom- 
plished than in a well regulated Lyceum ; do hereby associate ourselves 


together to form a Lyceum for mutual improvement, subject to the 
following Constitution and By Laws." 

This preamble is viewed by the writer as breathing the 
spirit of Rev. E. B. Claggett, whose name is subscribed to the 
" Constitution " together with a goodly list of others, who were 
honored in the town at that time. Some of our older citizens 
have said that in his day a very large proportion of our active, 
young men attained such facility and ease of expression in 
debate as to enable them to speak almost impromptu, with fluency 
and intelligence and effectiveness upon a large variety of inter- 
esting and practical subjects. They became, through their 
practice in the lyceums, well informed on many subjects, and 
could address an audience with great acceptance. Much of 
this ability is attributed to Mr. Claggett's genial, kindly, wise 
and effective leadership. After he became pastor of the Con- 
gregational Church he devoted himself earnestly and heartily 
to every interest of the town, religious, educational, practical. 
For many years he was chairman of the superintending com- 
mittee of schools, and it is said that he could, at sight, call 
every scholar in the town by name. He lent his cheerful assist- 
ance to every scheme which aimed to promote general welfare. 

He prepared for one of the lyceums, a historical sketch of 
Lyndeborough, which he used as the "basis of a lecture de- 
livered Jan. 17, 1854," in which he refers enthusiastically to 
the heroism of Lyndeborough men in the great struggle for 
national independence. This must have strongly appealed to 
patriotic impulses which a few years later were severely tested 
on many a field of tragic, fratricidal strife. 

A sample or two of Mr. Claggett's humor may not here be 
misplaced. After stating that the history of our ancient town 
embraces many facts and matters of great interest which 
might be expanded to the size of a neat little volume, he added: 
"One thing I have also noticed of this town is the fact that 
they have always been in the habit of getting married ; and I 
expect they will keep doing so. I have no knowledge of the 
first wedding in town, nor can I tell how they used to conduct 
such occasions. In connection with this subject, it may not be 
inappropriate to saj', that Benjamin Cram, who died man}' years 
ago, used to say with much satisfaction, that his father married 
the handsomest girl in the whole township. On further inquiry 
it appeared that she was the only girl in town, and very homely 
at that." 


This lyceura lecture was doubtless very instructive and very 
highly enjoyed. 


This, so far as appears, was the direct successor of the 
previous society. It was organized in January, 1839. After 
continuing to hold meetings about two winters, it voted to unite 
with " The Lyndeborough Lyceum " and adjourned Dec. i, 
1840. The next record in the old book is dated Nov. 17, 1843. 
The question for debate, Feb. 9, 1844, was, " Would the 
emancipation of the slaves at the present time be injurious to 
the community at large ? The affirmative disputants were 
Jonathan H. Butler and David Stiles ; the negative were Israel 
Herrick, M. D., and Samuel Karr. The decision was in the 
negative. Before the union of these lyceums the meetings were 
held in the school-house of District No. 2 ; after the union, 
meetings were held at the centre. 

From the forty-five names on the roll of membership of this 
union lyceum we select the names of some who have recently 
passed away, but are well remembered ; and others who are 
still with us and well known. Foremost among the latter is 
that of Joseph A. Johnson, the secretary, then a boy of sixteen, 
and now " a gray-haired boy." 

Wilkes H. Hadley Israel H. Goodridge 

David C. Grant Franklin Senter 

Nathaniel T. Mclntire Eli C. Curtis 

Harvey G. Mclntire Kilburn S. Curtis 

George D. Woodward Daniel Whittemore 

James H. Karr William A. Jones 

Lafayette Herrick Ward Woodward 

William Herrick William Wellman 
John F. Marden 


I quote from the Record Book : 

"Lyndeborough, Aug. 22, 1851. 
According to previous notice, the friends of the Lyceum met and trans- 
acted the following business : 

1. Chose D. Stiles, Esq., President pro tem. ; 

2. Chose W. A. Jones, Secretary pro tem. ; 

3. Heard the report of the committee chosen to prepare a Constitu- 
tion and By Laws ; 

4. Voted to take up the Constitution and By Laws by the article. 

5. Voted to adopt the Constitution and By Laws. 


6. Chose W. A. Jones, President. 

" Sylvester IUll, V. Pres. 
" \V. PI. Grant, Secretary. 
" O. II. Bixby, Treasurer. 

7. Adjourned to meet Thursday, Aug. 28, at 7 o'clock P. M. 

W. A. Joues, Secretary. 

The officers were to serve two weeks, except the treasurer, 
whose term of service was to be eleven weeks, or till his suc- 
cessor was chosen. In addition to the names above given, we 
give those of others who became members : 

Harvey Perham E. B. Claggett 

W. J. Herrick R. C. Boutwell 

Lafayette Herrick Luther Cram 

Clark B. Joues Wm. W. Curtis 

Benjamin G. Herrick D. B. Whittemore 

S. N. Hartshorn Foster Woodward 

Charles H. Parker Nathaniel Jones 

Isaiah C. Parker Moses Ordway 

Daniel Woodward, Jr. John Batchelder 

John Richardson Joseph Chamberlain 

Francis Clark John Gage 


Martha Hill E. J. M. Claggett 

Lydia Proctor Anna M. Claggett 

Mary J. Holt Lizzie T. Steele 

Ann E. Boutwell Orpah Gage 

Francis M. B'iske Harriette Richardson 

Abby J. Boutwell Sarah A. Plumer 

Sarah D. Clark Adaline Woodward 

Frances A. Holt Virginia Richardson 

These do not include the whole, but are samples of the 
material which formed the lyceum. Other names as worthy as 
they, are possibly omitted. 

This specific club seems not to have been long lived. It 
met weekly till Nov. 4, 1851, at which date, declamations were 
given by W. H. Grant, Alfred Holt, N. B. Boutwell, Charles 
H. Parker and C. B. Jones. The following resolution was 
discussed : 

"Resolved that the Legislature of New Hampshire ought to enact 
laws making it a penal offense to traffic in intoxicating drinks as a 
beverage, giving the right to search suspected places, and liberty to des- 
troy the contraband article when used for sale." 


Affirmative. David Stiles and Charles Carkin. 

Negative. Daniel Woodward, Jr. and C. H. Parker. 

The resolution was adopted 27 to 4, indicating the strong temperance 


sentiment of the club. " After the discussion, came the reading of the 
' Literary Star,' and then a vote, to adjourn to a call of the officers." 

Clark B. Jones, Secretary. 

Thus ended the work of the Franklin Debating Club. 


In the debating club above described probably originated its 
longer-lived successor, "The Lyndeborough Lyceum." In 
both these organizations, Rev. E. B. Claggett was a prominent 
factor. The names of the members were those of the most 
active and best-known citizens of the town. 

Under date of Lyndeboro', Dec. 7, 1854, we find the follow- 
ing record : 

"According to previous notice, the friends of the Lyceum met and 
transacted the following business : 

First. Adopted the Constitution and By Laws. 
Second. Chose the following oflTicers : 

Luther Cram, President. 

Charles Carkin, Vice President. 

John H. Goodrich, Secretary. 

Henry Richardson, Treasurer. 

Elizabeth Claggett and | Editors. 
Hannah D. Clark j 

J. G. Donnell, S. H. Dyer and Foster Woodward, Executive 

The Constitution appears to be the penmanship of the Rev. 
E. B. Claggett The meetings were held in the town hall 
weekly, and continued through the winter to March, 1855. 
The names of the members are chiefly those in the preceding 

Those lyceums for mental improvement greatl}'^ assisted in 
developing quite a marked intellectual activity among the young 
people, and fitted them to express their ideas clearl}' and forci- 
bly upon a variety of subjects in which the public was then 
interested. The young people of toda}'- have enjoyed greater 
advantages, have had training in schools of higher grade, and 
a free use of both public libraries and the current literature of 
the time ; but the debaters of fifty years ago have, even now, 
very few superiors in the power of using a vigorous, sententious, 
English speech. Their number, also, formed a very respectable 
proportion of the population of the town. 

lyOCAL Organizations, By J. A. Woodward. 


The story of the " Scataquog " Silver Mine is interesting as 
probably the only attempt ever made in Lyndeborough to pros- 
pect for any of the precious metals. 

In 1783, Joshua Partridge, of Medway, Mass., claimed to 
have discovered indications of silver in the rock composing the 
ledges near the top of "Scataquog" mountain, on land of 
Francis Epes. There is a tradition that he used a " divining 
rod " in his explorations, and that he had previously discovered 
other mines in New England. 

He succeeded in interesting many of the early settlers of the 
town, and a corporation was formed for the purpose of buying 
the land and developing the mine. They blasted a deep ditch 
or partly ditch and partly tunnel, into the side of the mountain, 
and the excavation can be found at this day, though time and 
the action of frost has partly filled it up. The stone is of a 
rusty color. 

The writer was once there with a man well versed in geology. 
He said the stone undoubtedly contained a sulphuret of some- 
thing, probably of iron. There was long a tradition that the 
owners got enough silver to make a pair of shoe buckles, but it 
is highly improbable. They had their labor for their pains. 

Names of tlae proprietors of the mine, with their parts of the same. In 
the original deed, said Lott considered to consist of 24 shai-es : 

Francis Epes, Esq. 
Lieut. Thomas Boffee 
Mr. Daniel Gould 
Rev. Sewell Goodridge 
Capt. William Barrons 
Maj. Samuel Epes ^ 
Mr. William Holt 
Abraham Wellman 
Dea. Ephraim Putnam 
Joseph Epes 

March 27, 1783. At a meeting of the maj. part of the foregoing pro. 
prietors at the house of Capt. William Barrons, Innholder in said town, 
to consult upon and come into the best " meathod '' to obtain and dig for 


Col. Israel Hutchinson 


Capt. Benjamin Epes 
Peter Clark, Esq. 
Mr. Samuel Neven 



Capt. John Wood 
Andrew Fuller, Esq. 



Dr. Benj. Jones 

En. Nathaniel Phelps 


Daniel Eppes, Esq. 
Capt. Levi Spaulding 


a mine which they suppose to be in a lot belonging to Francis Epes, Esq. 
Accordingly they agreed to give Mr. Eppes three shillings pr. acre, and 
Mr. Epes agreed to sell and convey said lot to the proprietors for the 
same. Said lot contains acres by estimation amounting to ^19-10-0. 

2nd. We agreed said lot should consist of 24 shares. 

3rd. We agreed that Mr. Joshua Partridge of Medway should have 
the 32d part of the neat profit of said mine for finding the same for us* 

4th. Agreed to raise one dollar on a share to purchase necessaries to 
begin with, 

5th. Agreed to adjourn to Thursday, April 10, at Capt. Barrons. 

A true coppy att. by Peter Clark, clerk of proprietors of said mine. 

April 10, 1783. Proprietors met according to adjournment. 

1st. Chose Capt. William Barron, moderator. 

2nd. Chose Peter Clark, clerk and treasurer for the proprietors of y^ 
mine untill the next annual meeting. 

3d. Agreed to chuse a Committee to consist of 5 to form a covenent 
and bond for the to enter into and rules of proceedure to the above 


Rev. Sewell Goodridge ^ 
Peter Clark ( Committee 

Lt. Thomas Boffee r 

Francis Epes Esq. I 

Daniel Gould ^ 

4th. Agreed to have an annual meeting on the first Wednesday in 
October, always to be held in the Town of Lyndeboro. 

5th. Agreed that the above committe shall settle all accounts in and 
with said proprietors until the first Wednesday in October nest. 

6th. Mr. Daniel Gould agreed with the proprietors and promised to 
give up one of his shares to the workmen if said workmen were inclined 
to have it, if not, to remain to Mr. Gould. 

7th. Agreed to raise two dollars more to a share in addition to the 
one dollar first raised to furnish supplys for said mine. 

8th. Agreed to have a meeting on Wednesday y* 25th day of June 
next at the House of Mr. Daniel Gould. Agreed to adjourn to Tuesday 
next to meet at the mine. 

A true copy of the proceedings. 

Peter Clark, Prop' Clerk. 

At this meeting of the proprietors at the mine it is recorded that they 
"began to open the mine." 

May 2, 1783. The Proprietors meet at Capt. William Barrons. Chose 
Moderator. Agreed with Lieut. Thomas Boffee to find a good bed and 
beding and procure the washing Necessary for the same for two shillings 
per month. Chose Lieut. Thomas Boffee, Inspector and overseer of the 
work at the mine according to the first article in the Covenant. 

Voted to allow 5/ pr. day for what Labours has been done by the day 
until this time. Labor that has been done by the day is as follows, viz, : 

Days Days 

Rev. Sewell Goodridge 4 Peter Clark 4 

Lieut. Thomas Boffee 6 William Holt 5>i 

Capt. Barron 6>^ Dea. Ephraim Putnam 5>^ 

Dr. Jones 2>^ Francis Epps 4 

Mr. Daniel Gould 4>^ Nathanel Phelps 4 

Andrew Fuller Esq. lYz Abraham Wellman 5 



At a meeting, June 25, 1783, it was voted to release Rev. Mr. Sewell 
Goodridge from serving on the committee according to his desire, with 
a grateful acknowledgement of his good services and chose Capt. Wil- 
liam Barron as one of the committee in the " sted " of Mr. Goodridge. 

July 9, 1783. Proprietors met according to adjournment. Voted to 
receive and examine the " Several and Respective Accounts" Respecting 
the Mine and find accounts stand as follows with those persons whose 
names are here inserted, likewise find the Expense and cost Exclusive of 
the Rum Molasses Powder and iron, Coffee, and Shugar, provided by Col. 
Hutchinson to amount to ^2-14-0 to each share, total amounting to 

The amount of money 

Rev. Sewell Goodridge 
Capt. William Barron 
Peter Clark 
Dr. Benj. Jones 
Dea. Ephraim Putnam 
Abraham Wellman 
En. Nathaniel Phelps 

The others lost their time and labor. 

' sunk ' 


the proprietors is as follows : 









L,ieu' Thomas Boffee 





W"^ Lack 





Andrew Fuller Esq. 





Francis Epes Esq. 





Mr. Daniel Gould 





William Holt 





At about the time of tlie commencement of the Civil War it 
was thought by many that the rates of fire insurance companies 
on farm property were too high, and that these companies were 
taking altogether too much money out of the town. In 1862 the 
following named men organized the Lyndeborough Mutual Fire 
Insurance Company, the same being incorporated June 2, 1862. 

Joel H. Tarbell 
Jonathan Stephenson 
John F. Holt 
David C. Grant 
David Holt 
John Hartshorn 
Harvey Perham 
John C. Goodrich 
Nathaniel T. Mclntire 
John Richardson 
Jotham Hildreth 
Rodney C. Boutwell 
Isaac Iv. Dunklee 
Edwin N. Patch 
Micah Hartshorn 
Burnham Russell 
Samuel Jones 

Of these thirty-three original incorporators but five are living 
at the date of this writing, 1904. John Richardson was the first 

Nathan Richardson 
Ebenezer Fiske 
Peter Clark 
Henry Clark 
Joseph Haggett 
Rufus Chamberlain 
Josiah Wheeler 
Martin Whitney 
William A. Jones 
Nelson Kidder 
Oliver Bixby 
Levi Tyler 
Artemas Woodward 
Albert Cram 
Asa Hill 
Eli C. Curtis 


president, William A. Jones the first secretary, and Peter Clark 
the first treasurer. Mr. Richardson served as president until 
1865, Jonathan Stephenson from 1865 to 1870, Joel H. Tarbell, 
from 1870 to 1 89 1, and Nathaniel T. Mclntire from 1891 until 
the present time. Dr. Jones (W. A.) was secretary until 1865, 
Samuel Jones from 1865 to 1868. At his death John Richardson 
was appointed for the rest of the year 1868. Samuel N. Hart- 
shorn, 1869 and 1870. John H. Goodrich was chosen in 1871, 
and has held the office to date (1904). Peter Clark was treas. 
urer from 1862 until his death in 1879, Benj. J. Clark in 1880 
and 1881, Daniel B. Whittemore from 1882 to 1893, Jacob A. 
Woodward from 1893 to 1896, and Charles ly. Perham from 1896 
to date. 

The amount of the policies issued is over one hundred thous- 
and dollars, and the company has succeeded from the date of its 
organization in making the cost of fire insurance in Lyndebor- 
ough much less than formerly. 

The losses paid since its incorporation are as follows : — 

Nathan Richardson, barn struck by lightning but not burned, |i8.oo. 

Sumner French, house burned March 11, 1871, ^550. 00. 

Leonard G. Brown, barn struck by lightning 1873, l'25.oo. 

Martin Whitney, house damaged by fire 1876, $24. 50. 

Azro D. Cram, buildings burned Oct. 6, 1881, I535.00. 

Oliver Watkins, damage by fire in 1881, $5.00. 

Andy Holt, house damaged by fire Oct. 15, 1887, I63.00. 

Frank B. Tay, buildings struck by lightning and burned July 31, 1890, 

George H. Butler, barn struck by lightning and burned Aug. 13, 1895, 

Alice Morse, barn struck by lightning and burned July 25, 1900, J5225.00. 


At South lyyndeborough vSept. 22, 1868, was organized Post 
Harvey Holt, No. 15, Department of New Hampshire, Grand 
Army of the Republic, by Maj. Samuel F. Murry, with twelve 
charter members. 

This organization of the soldiers of the War of the Rebellion 
has for its objects fraternity among its members, the keeping in 
remembrance the dead, who gave their lives that the Union 
might live, the decorating of their graves on Memorial Day, and 
mutual help and cheer among surviving comrades. 

With the help of a small sum of money from the town, this 
Post has appropriately observed Memorial Day ever since its or- 



ganization, and with this Order as leader, no town has more sin- 
cerely than Lyndeborough paid its just tribute, each returning 
30th of May, to the soldier boys who lost their lives on the bat- 
tlefield and by wounds and disease. 

This Order, also, has been instrumental in having markers 
placed at the graves of the soldiers of the Revolutionary War 
and the War of 18 12, and these graves are not forgotten in the 
services of decoration day. 

It is the custom to have an oration and other appropriate ex- 
ercises at the hall and a procession to the south cemetery and 
the soldiers' monument, where other and fitting exercises are 
held. Besides, delegations visit the other yards of the town. 

The townspeople very generally observe the day and attend 
these ceremonies. 

This Post was named in honor of Harvey Holt, a Lyndebor- 
ough boy killed at the battle of Bull Run, and one of the first to 
lose his life for the cause. 

C. Henry Holt 
Charles F. Tarbell 
George T. Jones 
Moses C. Fuller 

*Abbott, Willis H. 
Atwood, Samuel H. 
Brown, George E. 
*Burton, John 
*Blanchard, George 
Baile}-, Charles H. 
Bailey, William A. 
Buck, Sewell M. 
♦Bridges, G. W. 
Boutwell, Abram 
Batten, Richard 
Conant, Charles W. 
Cram, Orren N. 
* Carter, Charles T. 
Cummings, Sam' S. 
*Clark, Aaron A. 
Cram, George M.- 
Cram, Azro D. 
Conaut, Albert S. 
Curtis, Randall B. 
♦Dunklee, George W. 
♦Dascomb, James K. 
Dickey, David G. 


Joseph Blanchard 
John H. Goodrich 
William W. Wood 
Andy Holt 

Draper, David S. 
♦Emerson, Charles A. 
♦Farnsworth, Irving S. 
Ford, Alfred T. 
Frye, Charles H. 
Gordon, Clark S. 
Gray, Moses. 
*Gage, John 
Gould, Benj. 
*Hutchinson, Merrill 
Herrick, Benj. G. 
Holt, Jason 
♦Hardy, James L. 
♦Hutchinson, Isaac N. 
Hutchinson, Charles L. 
Howard, John F. 
Hanover, U. A. 
Hart, Parker 
Hall, Henry K. 
James, Leonard T. 
Key, Joseph H. 
Lowe, Isaac 
Marshall, Andrew J. 

John C. Carkin 
Everett A. Cram 
Fred A. Nourse 
Ward N. Cheever 

Macomber, S. R. 
Ordway, John C. 
Putnam, George A. 
Pinkham, Charles B. 
Proctor, David E. ' 
Putnam, Byron 
Richardson, F'red A. 
Ruffle, George 
Raymond, George B. 
Raymond, John P. 
Ryerson, William N. 
Smith, Jacob 
Sullivan, John 
♦Sheldon, John R. 
Steele, William P. 
Spalding, Merrill T. 
Thrasher, F. E. 
Woodward, George T. 
♦Woods, Charles T. 
♦Way, Lucius A. 
Winn, George E. 



1868 Commander C 

1869 (July) 


1896 ^ 

1897 ' 

1899 " 

1900 " 

1901 " 



Henry Holt Adj 

Andy Holt 
George T. Jones 
David E. Proctor 
C. Henry Holt 
C. Henry Holt 
C. Henry Holt 
C. Henry Holt 
C. Henry Holt 
C. S. Gordon 
C. S. Gordon 
Azro D. Cram 
Sewell M. Buck 
Sewell M. Buck 
A. S. Conant 
A. S. Conant 
John C. Carkin 
John C. Carkin 
George M. Cram 
Gaylord B. Smith 
Byron Putnam 
George E. Winn 
Jason Holt 
A. S. Conant 
C. H. Holt 
Jason Holt 
Andy Holt 
Charles H. Frye 
John C. Miller 
David G. Dickey 
Frank B. Tay 
George Murch 
Andy Holt 
Benj. G. Herrick 
Jason Holt 

George M. Cram 
George M. Cram 

utant Charles F. Tarbell 

" George A. Putnam 

" David E. Proctor 

" John H. Goodrich 

" Charles F. Tarbell 

" John C. Carkin 

" John C. Carkin 

" John C. Carkin 

" John C. Carkin 

" John C. Carkin 

" John C. Carkin 

" John C. Carkin 

" John C. Carkin 

" George E. Brown 

" George E. Brown 

" George E. Brown 

" George E. Brown 

Andy Holt 

" Andy Holt 

" A. »S. Conant 

" Azro D. Cram 

" Azro D. Cram 

" Azro D. Cram 

" Andrew J. Marshall 

" Azro D. Cram 

" Azro D. Cram 

" Azro D. Cram 

" Azro D. Cram 

" Azro D. Cram 

" Azro D. Cram 
Azro D. Cram 

" Azro D. Cram 

" Azro D. Cram 

" Azro D. Cram 

" Azro D. Cram 

" Azro D. Cram 

" Azro D. Cram 

" Azro D. Cram 


Pinnacle Grange, By J. A, Woodward. 

The primary objects of the Order of Patrons of Husbandry, 
better known as the Grange, were to obtain relief from the un- 
just freight tariffs of the railroads of the country, to do away as 
much as possible with the services of the army of middle-men 
who handled the agricultural products of the land, to thus bring 
the producer and the consumer nearer together, and to promote 
fraternity and co-operation among its members. Its later aims 
are the result of development along other lines. 

The National Grange was organized at Georgetown, D. C, in 
January, 1873. The order obtained some foothold in New 
Hampshire in the summer of that year, the first subordinate 
grange being organized at Exeter, August, 1873, with the late 
John D. Lyman as master. 

The New Hampshire State Grange was organized Dec. 23, 
1873, there being then seventeen granges in the state. At this 
meeting of the State Grange C. C. Shaw of Milford was ap- 
pointed general deputy to promote the interests of the order in 
his jurisdiction ; and he held that office by re-appointment until 

The order soon became an influential factor in the interests of 
the farmers of the state and nation, and in no section more so 
than in New Hampshire, where nearly every community soon 
had a branch. 

But as the years went by and more favorable conditions ob- 
tained in the carrying and handling of farm products, the objects 
of the order changed, and education, fraternal and social im- 
provement among the farmers came to the front. 

Pinnacle Grange, No. 18, Lyndeborough, was organized by 
C. C. Shaw, General Deputy of the State Grange, Dec. 26, 1873, 
and was the first grange organized after the first meeting of the 
State Grange. 

During its existence it has been a powerful factor for good 
among its members and the people of the town ; possibly no sec- 
ular organization more so. The following historical sketch was 
written to be read at the twenty-fifth anniversary of its organi- 


zation, and while it was never intended to be included in the 
history of the town, it is inserted without further apology : — 

Twenty-five years ago the twenty-sixth of last December Pin- 
nacle Grange was organized by Bro. C. C. Shaw of Milford. It 
came as a sort of belated Christmas present. Bro. Shaw, how- 
ever, did not bring it all set up and ready for business, but con- 
structed it after his arrival. 

He took Andy Holt and made him master, and joined to him 
David G. Dickey, overseer, Henry H. Joslin, steward, John C. 
Ordway, assistant steward, Edward J. Stephenson, lecturer, 
John Richardson, chaplain, Martin Whitney, secretary, James 
H. Karr, treasurer, George E. Spaulding, gate keeper, Phebe 
A. Ordway, Ceres, Mary E. Dickey, Flora, Annie F. Fuller, 
Pomona, and Abby J. Holt, lady assistant steward. 

Bro. Shaw looked upon his work when it was done and said it 
was pretty good, but recommended careful handling until the 
glue should be set and the parts strongly bound together. 

And immediately those outside the gates rose up with a desire 
to pull it to pieces to see with what material it was stuffed. 

The interest in the grange as a farmer's organization first de- 
veloped in New Hampshire in 1873. The first grange was or- 
ganized in Exeter in the late summer of that year, and Pinnacle 
Grange in the closing month, so it appears to be about as vener- 
able as any of them. 

Of those who were foremost in exciting an interest in the Order 
of Patrons of Husbandry in this state but few are known to the 
writer of this sketch, but certainly Bro. Shaw labored earnestly 
night and day in carrying forward the work. Believing most 
sincerely in its principles he spared neither time nor pains in 
pushing the work along, and it is probably mostly through his 
influence that Pinnacle Grange had an existence. It is to be 
wondered if he built better than he knew on that stormy Decem- 
ber night. 

It is to be regretted that the records of this grange for the first 
two or three years are so meagre. The first record is dated Dec. 
9, 1873, and is as follows : " Met at the Town Hall to see if a 
Grange could be organized. Chose John Richardson Chairman. 
Listened to remarks by Eben Thompson. Adjourned to Dec. 18." 
Nothing is recorded of those who were present, and the historian 
is unable to tell who Eben Thompson was. From the best in- 
formation obtainable it is likely that Martin Whitney, James H. 
Karr, William H. Clark, Moses C. Fuller, David G. Dickey, 


Geo. K. Spaulding, Andy Holt and John Ordway were present, 
besides the chairman, and it is probable they did not fully com- 
prehend the order, then in its infancy. 

Under date of Dec. i8, is the statement, "Met by adjourn- 
ment, chose Martin Whitney, Secretary, adjourned to Dec. 


Dec. 20, " Met in the absence of the chairman and chose 
Eli C. Curtis, chairman for the evening. Chose a committee to 
notify Deputy Shaw to come and organize them." That com- 
mittee was Martin Whitney, Eli C. Curtis, David G. Dickey, 
Henry Joslin and John C. Ordway. They notified Mr. Shaw 
to come Dec. 26, at 7.30 o'clock in the evening, and he came as 
before stated. That he came that stormy December night from 
Milford, through drifting snow and against piercing winds, 
shows his devotion to the order. 

He found the hall unwarmed and unlighted, but teams were 
sent hurrying after this one and that, before enough came to 
fill the chairs. One member who has since been a tower of 
strength to the order, both in town and elsewhere, said, "The 
Grange might go to the blue blazes before he would turn out on 
such a night," and he didn't. 

The following signed the rolls as charter members : 

Andy Holt David G. Dickey 

Henry Joslin John C. Ordway 

John Richardson Edward J. Stephenson 

James H. Karr Martin Whitney 

George E. Spalding Moses C. Fuller 

Olney P. Butler C. Henry Holt 

Eli C. Curtis David Holt 

William H. Clark Nathaniel T. Mclntire 

Artemas Woodward Jane D. Joslin 

Abbie J. Holt Phebe J. Ordway 

Mary E. Dickey Annie E. Fuller 

Abbie J. Spalding Hattie E. Holt 

Clara F. Karr Nancy E. Whitney 

Betsey A. Curtis Nancy E. Woodward 

The records of the first year simply show the grange in 
process of development. David C. Grant was elected master 
for 1874. In the records of the meetings of this first year, the 
worthy secretary signs his name in a fine, small hand, and in 
unexpected places, but in the record of the second election of 
officers, he gives almost half a page to his signature with many 
a twirl and flourish, as much as to sa)', "Hurrah! That im- 
portant matter is well over." 


Martin Whitney was the next master, serving until 1877, 
when Andy Holt was again elected. In 1878 it was again 
Martin Whitney, master. This taking turns seems to show the 
popularity of these two brothers in the order. 

The name of Benjamin G. Herrick, a new member, begins to 
appear in the records about this time and he was chosen master 
in 1879, holding the ofl5ce four years, or until 1883. There 
was a period of depression in grange interest during that time, 
and it is probable that Pinnacle Grange would have surrendered 
its charter if it had not been for his perseverence and determina- 
tion that the grange in Lyndeborough should live. 

Jacob A. Woodward succeeded Bro. Herrick in the master's 
chair, serving two years and was succeeded by Eli C. Curtis, in 
1885. Bro. Curtis was one of the charter members, and served 
two years. In 1887 and 1888, Jacob A. Woodward was again 
master. In 1889, David G. Dickey was master, and was re- 
elected in 1890 but declined to accept the ofl&ce ; Andy Holt 
was then chosen. William C. Wilder was master in 1891 and 
1892. William T. Bowen in 1893. Charles H. Senter in 1894 
and 1895. 

In 1896, John H. Goodrich, who had served faithfully and 
acceptably as secretary for seventeen years, was promoted to 
the master's chair. Willie F. Herrick succeeded Bro. Good- 
rich in 1897 and 1898, and in 1899, Sister S. Kate Swinington 
was chosen master, being the first sister of the order to fill that 
position in Pinnacle Grange. William C. Wilder was the 
master in 1900, George P. Bradford in 1901, and Charles L. 
Perham in 1902, 1903 and 1904. L. Nute Woodward is the 
master for 1905. 

The dates for holding the meetings have been changed many 
times. Some of the j'-ears an attempt was made to arrange the 
meetings so that the patrons could come and go b}' the light of 
the moon, a great convenience for those living some distance 
from the grange hall. At present its meetings are held on the 
first and third Tuesdays of the month. 

It is inferred from the records that in the first years of its 
existence Pinnacle Grange did not do the work of the degrees, 
and in the opening and closing of its meetings in the best of 
form. But in the process of time, however, a spirit of emula- 
tion was developed. The ritual was studied with a view to a 
better understanding of the precepts of the order. Grange 
discipline was more strictly enforced, and Pinnacle Grange 


was soon second to none in the order in its efficiency and ex- 
cellence of initiatory work. 

From 1876 until 1880 may be called the transition period of 
the grange in Lyndeborough and in fact throughout the state. 
It was a time of much depression in the order. The financial 
element had been discounted, and the social and educational 
features so prominent now, had not then been thought impor- 
tant, and believing that " there was nothing better for a man 
than that he should eat and drink and make his soul enjoy 
good in his labor," and finding also a very slim attendance at 
the meetings, and little or no interest in the work of the order, 
this significant record begins to appear : ' ' Voted to have an 
oyster supper at our next meeting," and " voted to have a feast 
at our next meeting and invite our friends" until it would 
appear that oysters and friends were part of the programme of 
every meeting. One of the charter members told the writer 
that this supper business nearly wrecked the grange. And 
yet at the present time some hold to the opinion that if you 
wish to get out a large attendance at any particular meeting 
you must appeal to the stomach instead of the mind, and as a 
matter of fact, the same is true of other organizations besides 
the grange. 

The debates of Pinnacle Grange have always been character- 
ized by an originality of thought, a freshness and breeziness 
which would compare favorably with any grange in the land. 
Many of the brothers and sisters early developed a talent for 
debate. In the earlier years of the grange the subjects dis- 
cussed pertained almost wholly to the farm and household, but 
later took a wider range and included almost every thing from 
political economy to pie. Questions of education, questions of 
state and national policy have been formulated and intelligently 
discussed. Young members have been encouraged to join in 
these exercises and to become accustomed to speak in public. 

During the decade from 1880 to 1890 Pinnacle Grange was in 
the zenith of its influence and prosperity. It was through its 
influence during that time that the town hall at the centre was 
enlarged and remodeled, giving the order a larger, lighter and 
more convenient home. A " fair " was held, which netted a sum 
of money larger probably than that made by any other fair in 
town, before or since. The proceeds were used to purchase a 
piano for the hall. Its membership and average attendance 
were greater than ever before in its history. Its installations at- 


tracted patrons from about every grange in this part of the state. 

From the first the sisters have been loyal to the interests of 
Pinnacle Grange and earnest in its work. If it were not for the 
principle of "opening wide the door" to them, the order would 
undoubtedly have been a failure. In its literary work, in its 
music, in its banquets Pinnacle Grange would have been an 
" arid, barren waste " without them. 

The limits of this sketch forbid recording the names of those 
who have filled the minor offices in the grange. Some of them 
were promoted to the master's chair, and, as a rule, all have en- 
deavored to discharge their duties faithfully. 

Mention has already been made of the proficiency in debate 
of some of the members. A man once said to another, ' ' I have a 
friend over there that I want to introduce you to ; I think he will 
interest you, he's a mighty good talker." The other replied, 
" I don't think I care to meet him; it's a mighty good listener I 
want to vStrike." It is doubtful if any of our debaters would 
care to talk to empty chairs or an inattentive audience, and in 
being good, sympathetic listeners the majority of the members 
have exemplified its principles, with how much hope and faith 
is not known, but certainly with charity and fidelity. 

The grange choir has always been a prominent feature, and 
was for many years under the direction of Bro. E. C. Curtis, or 
some member of his family. Bro. B. G. Herrick, bass, Bro. 
E. C. Curtis, tenor. Sister Phebe A. Ordway, contralto, and 
Sister Betsey A. Curtis, soprano, composed the choir in the 
early days of the grange. 

It seems a much longer time to say a ' ' quarter of a century ' ' 
than to say " twenty-five years," and in comparison with the 
age of Lyndeborough as a town, it is but a small fraction, and 
yet the twilight of the past begins to obscure the early scenes 
and incidents of Pinnacle Grange life. Against the fading 
light some figures stand in sharper outline. The memory of the 
faces of some of the brothers and sisters who have taken the 
wonderful step over the line into the unknown, which to some 
means rest, and to others only the beginning of activities that 
shall never end, comes to us this day. 

The influence of Pinnacle Grange has modified the home life 
of many of the families of the town, mid green leaves and sum- 
mer showers or when the light in the window casts a shining 
halo over the snowdrifts. 

Do not think that its life has been like a river gently flowing 


between flowering banks : Sometimes the wind blew strong 
from down stream, and sudden flaws came from every quarter, 
and lively chop seas were raised, but with a little smaller at- 
tendance at some of the meetings and a little larger at others, a 
little more spirited debate, and all was again calm and serene. 

Stores and Merchants. 

store at i^yndeborough, by j. a. woodward. 

The old store-house, as it was called, stood directly opposite 
the town hall. It was a large, square, two-storied structure, 
with a long " ell " at the south in which was kept the store. It 
was said to have been built by one of the Goulds, either George 
or Maj. Daniel (most probably the latter), some time previous to 
the year 1800. At the time it was destroyed by fire it was said 
to be one of the oldest houses in town. 

Maj. Daniel Gould was the first storekeeper of whom there is 
any tradition. Whether or not there was any store here before 
his day, it is not now possible to determine, but it would seem 
as if there must have been. But from the time he sold out, or 
went out of business, until the year 1 831 it is a matter of tradi- 
tion mostly. 

Rev. Frank G. Clark in his historical address mentions 
Daniel Gould, John Ordway, Nathan Wheeler and Jonathan 
and William Clark as merchants at the centre. It would seem 
that these must have ' ' kept store ' ' previously to 1 83 1 . 

In 1 83 1 Samuel T. Manahan came to Lyndeborough and 
bought the store property. It was first the firm of Manahan 
& Tubbs. Where this Mr. Tubbs came from or what became 
of him is unknown to the writer. His stay was brief, for in the 
latter part of that same year Mr. Manahan became sole proprie- 
tor. In 1835 he sold out to a man named John J. Martin. In 
1836 Oliver Bixby bought out Martin and was in trade until 
1838. In the latter year Jacob Hildreth, a brother of Jotham, 
formed a partnership with a Mr. Duncklee, under the firm name 
of Hildreth & Duncklee. They bought out Bixby. Duncklee 
soon sold his interest to Charles French, a son of Isaac 
P. French. 

In 1843 James G. Woodward bought the store, and the next 
year sold it to Anson Woodward and Daniel Woodward, Jr. 
James and Anson weie brothers, sons of Ephraim Putnam 
Woodward. In 1844 Daniel Woodward, Jr., became sole pro- 
prietor, and kept the store until 1847. In that year he swapped 
the store-house property with his father and moved to the old 


farm over the mountain, and Daniel Woodward, Sr., came to 
the centre, but not to keep store. The stock in trade 
was sold to David Hawes, but of him there is no record, and a 
few months was the extent of time he was in business. In 1848 
Oliver Bixby, who had returned to lyyndeborough again, took 
the business, renting the store of Mr. Woodward. In 1850 the 
firm of Herrick & Donnel was formed and bought out 
Bixby. This firm was composed of William J. Herrick and 
James S. Donnel. 

After Herrick & Donnel was the protective union store, a 
sort of co-operative concern which had a brief existence, and 
then William J. Herrick again became proprietor. He was 
engaged in trade at the center longer probably than any of his 
predecessors, but in the early sixties he closed out his stock in 
trade and removed to the west. 

William W. Curtis then bought the land and buildings and 
opened the store, which he kept until the buildings were de- 
stroyed by fire. May 13, 1870. 

Some time after this Martin Whitney opened a small store in 
the carpenter shop of Josiah Wheeler. When this was closed the 
center was without a store for a time, or until Thomas A, Wil- 
liams opened one in the old Bixby house. He sold to E. K. 
Warren, the present owner. The store at the " middle of the 
town " was never a source of much profit to its owner. The 
long distance which merchandise had to be hauled by team was 
a severe handicap to successful competition with the stores of 
Wilton, Milford and Nashua, and although there was a good 
assortment of those things which a country store generally 
carries in stock, the well-to-do farmers found it convenient to 
buy by the quantity of the dealers lower down the country. 
This explains the frequent change of ownership. 

Sometime between 1850 and 1855, L/Cvi Joslin kept the village 
store. The time is not positively determined, but like most of 
the other tradesmen at the center, his career as merchant there 
was brief. 


Our caption is in the above form, because we are tolerably 
certain that the persons named were merchants in the place ; 
but are not certain that the names which we are about to give 
include all who engaged in trade here. 

The first merchant in South lyyndeborough, by general con- 


sent, was Mr. William Holt, who came here from Greenfield 
about 1830. He at first kept a grocery store in what had been 
the old dwelling house of Ephraim Putnam, 3rd., the father of 
Captain Eleazer. This house stood near where Mr. William P. 
Steele's now stands, and had been moved away previous to the 
erection of the latter. It was moved across the highway to the 
location now occupied by Tarbell's store. Mr. Holt had kept 
store there but a short time, when he moved it across the street 
again near where the railroad station now stands, whence it was 
moved to the spot which it now occupies as the dwelling of Mr. 
Ward N. Cheever. Mr. Holt, after its removal, built the house 
and store combined, which are now serving as the post ofl&ce 
and store of Roy N. Putnam, and the grocery store of Walter 
S. Tarbell. Mr. Albert Hardy, who also came from Greenfield, 
was Mr. Holt's partner in trade until 1835, when the business 
was sold to Mr. Eewis Cram. 

The firm of Cram & Daniels then became the successors of 
Holt & Hardy. But they continued the business only a short 
time, after which Mr. Cram left town and went west. 

The next occupant of the store was the firm of Hardy & 
Stephenson. Mr. Hardy's home was the place now owned by 
Mr. E. H. Putnam. He married Rebecca, daughter of Mr. 
Thomas Bradford, and was a leading merchant, and also post- 
master in this part of the town. He was chorister at the Baptist 
church, and a public-spirited, well-to-do citizen. He removed 
to Amherst and engaged in trade there; and went thence to 
Nashua. On his departure from Amherst, the handsome gift 
of a thousand dollars was received from him. His last will 
bequeathed a share of the residue of his estate to the Baptist 
church nearest his home at his decease. He died in Nashua. 
But the executor of his will long withheld the legacy, and 
appears never to have intended the payment of it. Having 
almost accidentally learned of this situation, the Rev. W. H. 
Eaton, D.D., ferreted out the attempted knavery; and the 
church, finally, after litigation, secured some benefit, though 
less than it would have received had the will been legally and 
honestly executed. 

Mr. Hardy's partner in I^yndeborough was the late Mr. 
Jonathan Stephenson, whose home was on the ancestral farm, 
including the Stephenson Hill, on the spot now occupied by 
his son, Mr. Willis Stephenson. The late Mr. Stephenson was 
an honored citizen for many years, having filled many oflSces in 


the town and served several years as town clerk. He passed 
away in November, 1903, in his 97th year. 

The successor of the firm of Hardy & Stephenson was Mr. 
Robert Burns Wallace. He came from New Ipswich and 
bought the store. He remained here but two years. 

Next came Mr. Peter Smith from Nashua and engaged in 
trade. He continued here, however, but a short time. 

Mr. Oilman P. Fletcher of Greenfield carried on the grocery 
business for a few years. He sold both his store and 
stock to Mr. J. H. Tarbell, who was then keeping the hotel, 
called the "Forest House." Mr. Tarbell combined with his 
tavern a grocery store, and also kept the post office under the 
same roof. Thus he continued in business more than ten years. 
He subsequently built a new store and conducted business in it 
for a few years. The new building stood on land west of the 
freight house of the B. & M. R. R., near the west crossing. 

This new store Mr. Tarbell sold to Mr. William W. Young, 
who came from Chelsea, Mass., about 1857. Mr. Young con- 
tinued in trade about seventeen years, when the railroad came 
through our village. His store was in the way of the proposed 
railroad track, and the R. R. company bought him out. He 
then returned to Chelsea, where he died. 

The building was sold by the R. R. Company, and was moved 
back from the railroad. The original builder of it, Mr. J. H. 
Tarbell, bought it, moved it, remodeled it and made it his 
home during the remainder of his life. It remains still the 
property of his granddaughter, Mrs. Minnie (Stacey) Hadley. 

The former grocery store of Messrs. Hardy & Stephenson and 
others was afterwards used for a few years as a shop in which to 
shave hoops. Mr. Hezekiah D. Davis carried on the business 
and kept a few men in his employ. Some of our residents re- 
member well when the shavings were carried across the high- 
way and piled up near the Baptist meeting-house, almost as high 
as the house, on ground now covered by the R. R. track and the 

The next occupant of this store was Mr. George W. Holt. 
He had spent several years away, and about 1861 returned to 
his native place and engaged in the grocery trade at that stand. 
His health failed and he passed away in 1862, at the age of 36. 
Mr. J. H. Tarbell settled his estate and closed out his business 
as grocer. 

The settling of Mr. Holt's business seemed to Mr. Tarbell 


to require him to resume mercantile life again, first on ac- 
count of the sale of Mr. Holt's goods and later on his own 
account. He therefore commenced trade again about 1863. 
His son, Charles F., served as clerk for a few years, and was 
afterwards taken into partnership, thus constituting the firm of 
J. H. Tarbell & Son. This arrangement continued several 
years, after which, Mr. C. F. Tarbell, by purchase, became sole 

Mr. Charles F. Tarbell carried on the trade for several years, 
assisted more or less by his father. In 1878 he sold his store to 
his uncle, J. A. Tarbell, and devoted his attention to farming, 
on the place now owned by Mr. Andy Holt. 

Mr. Joseph A. Tarbell had been engaged for a number of 
years in the manufacture and sale of flavoring extracts. He 
had done quite an extensive business in that line, which he sold 
out to his brother-in-law, Mr. Fred B. Richards, in 1878. He 
then bought the grocery store and carried it on about two years, 
soon after which he removed to Hancock. 

Mr. Charles F. Tarbell again bought the store, about 1880. 
He continued in it as long as he lived. He died Feb. 24, 1888, 
in the forty-fourth year of his age. 

After the death of Mr. Tarbell the store passed into the posses- 
sion of the elder of his two sons, Walter S. Tarbell, as a part of 
his share of his father's estate. He has carried on the business 
since 1888. He employed R. N. Putnam several years, after 
which his brother, Charles H., entered his employ, and has 
served till the present month, December, 1904. Thus, for more 
than forty years, though the store has a number of times 
changed owners, it has borne the same name, " Tarbell's store." 

Among other traders in the place we name Mr. John J. Martin, 
for a time in business at the centre of the town, and also first 
landlord at the hotel. He was a shoemaker, and kept confec- 
tionery and other articles for sale, while employed at the bench 
in his shoe shop. The date is uncertain, though probably about 
1840. His store and shoe shop were in the house owned by the 
late Charles M. Butler. 

Another person who kept a small store and did a limited busi- 
ness here was Mr. Charles Henry Holt. He was a carpenter, 
born in Milford, came to Lyndeborough in 1852, and the same 
year married Mary A. Wheeler, daughter of Jonas Wheeler. 
When W. W. Young removed from town, where he had been 
postmaster many years, Mr. Holt succeeded him. 


The post office was then located in the basement of his house, 
built by Jonas Wheeler, where he also kept a small stock of sta- 
tionery, confectionery, cutlery, fishing tackle, patent medicines, 
etc. He owned the place afterwards purchased by Capt. Mclntire 
of Hyde Park, Mass., and now owned by Mr. Lawrence of Cam- 
bridge, Mass., as a summer residence. He died Jan. 31, 1897, 
having served more than twenty-four years as postmavSter at 
South Lyndeborough. 

Mr. Roy N. Putnam became his successor as postmaster, and 
also trader, having rented the premises from Mr. Holt's heirs. 
He enlarged his stock of merchandise, adding quite an assort- 
ment of footwear and many other articles. When the owners of 
the house and shop wished to occupy the place Mr. Putnam 
m.oved his goods to his present place of business and established 
the post office there ; and he has since added largely to his stock 
of boots, shoes and rubbers, besides a few articles of men's fur- 
nishing goods, an extensive variety of fancy articles for the 

Mr. T. M. Beal, a son-in-law of Mr. Charles Henry Holt, 
came here to live in the house occupied by the late Mr. Holt. 
He planned and built a projection to the lower story or base- 
ment in which the post office was formerly kept, and established 
a grocery store, adding a small quantity of dry goods and fancy 
articles. He has also carried on a lunch room. 

Mr. J. H. Tarbell, wishing his granddaughter, Miss Minnie 
E. Stacey, to gain a knowledge of business, fitted up and filled 
with merchandise a small dry goods store for her in the front 
room of the brown cottage so long the residence of Mr. and Mrs. 
E. M. Swasey. Miss Stacey kept this store a few years, but 
several causes rendered the business unremuuerative and it was 
given up. 

The unsold stock from tlie last mentioned store, was trans- 
ferred to the one which is now used for the post office and 
variety store. This was conducted by Mrs. Lizzie G. Tarbell, 
and our public library was kept there, with Mrs. Tarbell as 
librarian. But there, also, the sales were light and not very 
profitable, so that this, too, w^as given up. After that the space 
was filled with shelves and used by Walter S. Tarbell, as a 
kind of annex to his store, until secured by our postmaster for 
his accommodation. 

Such is the store keeping record of our village, so far as now 
ascertainable. The store conducted by J. H. Tarbell, Esq., and 


his successors in trade has generally kept a large assortment, 
and has filled a large place in accommodating the people of our 


Taverns and Temperance. 

tavern keepers. 
Were the people of Lyndeborough to be judged by the num- 
ber of licensed tavern keepers on the records of the town, they 
would doubtless be thought unusually bibulous. But the repu- 
tation of our town in that line will not probably be worse than 
the average. In most of our towns, tavern -keeping was con- 
sidered a respectable, and even a reputable business, until well 
along into the nineteenth century. This statement will be illus- 
trated by merely citing the name of some of our worthy citizens 
who were engaged in that occupation as well as in cultivating 
the soil. We cannot attempt to give a full list, nor to classify 
very extensively. Commencing with the year 1793, we name: 


EHphalet Badger 
Ensign David Putnam 
Nathaniel Martin 

James Ordway 
Capt. Daniel Gould 
Capt. William Barron 
Daniel Connex 

Peter Clark, Esq. 

Daniel Putnam 2 days 

Benjamen Cram, 2nd. 
John Cummings 

Eleazar Rhodes 
James Taylor 

Jedidiah Russell 

Oliver Perham 
Zaccheus Fairbanks 

Isaiah Parker 
Solomon Parker 
Sarah Ordway 


Artemas Wheeler 

Wheeler & Stiles 


John Hartshorn 


Nathan Wheeler 



Eleazar Woodward 


John Clark, 2nd. 

lycmuel Soules (near meetinghouse) 


Nehemiah Boutwell 
Peter Clark, Jr. (at his store) 
Eleazar Woodward (at his dwelling) Jacob Manning 

Timothy Putnam (one day) 
John h. Perry (at his store) 


Timothy Richardson Jeremiah Putnam 

David Farriugton 2 days Peter Clark, 3rd. 

Mauley Butler 

William Jones Caleb Blanchard 

Jonathan Cochran 

Oliver Bixby Capt. Jonathan Thayer 

Charles Parker 

James McCauley Phineas Whiting 

Ellas Mclutire Mark D. Langdon 

Jotham Hildreth Samuel T. Manahan 

Robert B. Tuppcr 

John W. Adsit 


S. D. and B. Stanley 

The list is incomplete, but we trust no one will seriously im- 
pugn it for this cause. We judge it possible to add to the list 
if desirable. 

Yet large as this list of venders of intoxicating drinks is, it 
does not warrant the conclusion that our town was a sinner 
above others. Neither the records nor the facts would sustain 
this. The list includes taverners of two or three generations 
with the changes incident to removals, deaths, and discontin- 
uance of the business. They were scattered over a wide town- 
ship, far from the great cities and the thronging haunts of men. 
The custom of the time was to keep liquor on which to treat 
guests, and it was a custom too much honored by its observance. 
Exceptions were very few, and judged uncourtly if not discour- 
teous. Temperance was then little agitated or practised, and 
total abstinence was viewed as chimerical. In such respects it 
will hardly be said, that "the former days were better" than 
those in which we are now living. A change has come, and we 
may well consider some of the agencies which had a share in 
producing it. 


The leading agency in awakening and producing temperance 
sentiment has undoubtedly been the Christian pulpit. Fanati- 
cal people .sometimes berate the attitude of the churches on this 
subject ; and it cannot be denied that at times they seem too 


indifferent to the havoc which intemperance is producing even 
among church members. But surely, were it not for the 
churches and the noble army of temperance workers which they 
have equipped and sent forth, conditions would be much worse, 
and croakers would be drowned in rum. 

The Rev. Benjamin F. Clark, a native of this town, who sup- 
plied the pulpit of the Congregational church in 1838, gave 
some very interesting reminiscences of his boyhood which 
finely illustrate this matter. In a letter to Mr. D. C. Grant, 
January 17, 1879, he wrote : * 

" I well remember the excitement produced on the Fast day in April, 
1827, a few days before I left my home, with Palmer and Woodward for 
East Tennessee. Instead of a sermon, Mr. Merrill read the celebrated 
lecture by Kittridge of Lyme, on temperance, which contained the 
statement that ' one gallon of rum used as a beverage in the town of 
Lyme, is just four quarts too much.' The good old men of the church, 
including my honored father, went out of the house vexed, if not mad. 
My father said, ' Why did Mr. Merrill read that foolish lecture ? We 
cannot get our hay without rum. It will rot in the field.' When I re- 
turned home in 1S37, I found all those good men pledged to total absti- 
nence. They acknowledged that haying and all other kinds of farming 
work could be better performed without rum than with." 

The subject of temperance was receiving more and more 
attention year by year, and societies were organizing for the 
promotion of it. Soon after Rev. E. B. Claggett became pastor, 
a society was organized in Lyndeborough for the suppression 
by " all honorable exertions of the unlicensed traffic in ardent 
spirits," and "the relief of widows and orphans. " It adopted 
the following constitution : t 

"Art. I. No man shall belong to this society who is not known as a 
tried friend to the cause of temperance, believing in the expediency of 
using legal suasion. 

Art. 2. Every member shall pay all assessments on the subscription 
set against his name, made by a board of directors hereafter specified. 

Art. 3. This society shall have a President, Vice President, Secretary, 
and a board of directors. 

Art. 4. It shall be the duty of the board of directors to record all 
testimony that may come to their knowledge against unlicensed traC&ck-