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Full text of "The history of the town of Lyndeborough, New Hampshire"

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If any of the farmers of the L,yndeborough of today were 
required to go into the largest wood-lot in town, say in March 
or April, and cut down trees, build themselves log-houses to 
shelter their families, make clearings and raise crops sufficient 
for maintenance during the succeeding twenty-four months, 
they would undoubtedly think themselves obliged to deal with 
a pretty hard proposition. But that is what the first settlers of 
L,yndeborough undertook to do in A. D. 1735-1740. Besides, 
the heaviest growth of wood or timber within the limits of thp 
town now, is not to be compared with the immense trees that 
constitute the celebrated "original growth." 

The building of some sort of house on the lands they had 
bought was the first task of the pioneer, and it must of a neces- 
sity be a log-house. Sometimes these were built by the un- 
aided efforts of the settler and his family, but frequently some- 
one who planned to settle in the neighborhood would ' ' change 
work," and in that way make the labor of lifting the logs into 
place easier. These log-houses were often built with one end 
against a large boulder, this to serve as a backing for the fire- 
place. Jeremiah Carleton's was built that way and so was 
Adam Johnson's. The fire-place was usually a mammoth 
affair, and it needed to be to warm the loosely-constructed 
house. It was made of stone laid in clay, with a low, wide 
chimney. Bricks were not to be had at first, and they were not 
used to any great extent until framed houses were substituted 
for the rude hut. 

One could sit in the corner of these old fire-places and, look- 
ing up, see the stars at night. Even after bricks came into 
general use people still built their fire-places on a generous 
scale, and the chimneys likewise. Probably the last of those 
old chimneys to be torn down was the one in the Jonas Kidder 
house; Jesse Simonds had it taken down. It was 12 feet square 
at the base and continued at that size up through the second 
story, in the hall of which was a fire-place large enough to 


burn "four-foot " wood. Into these fire-places was hauled an 
immense back-log, and some of the houses were so arranged as 
to allow a horse to haul it right into the room, then a somewhat 
smaller fore-stick was placed, and then smaller wood placed on 
top, and the result was a roaring fire, that warmed every thing 
near it, and left the back of the room cold and draughty. Hav- 
ing his house built and covered with split pine shingles, and 
the hearth-stone warm, the next work of the settler was to 
make a clearing, and get some land ready for crops. 

Ususually the trees were felled one by one, but sometimes 
the choppers would commence on one side of a lot and chop 
the trees nearly off, and then one or two large trees would be 
felled against those, and down would go the whole lot. I have 
heard my grandfather tell the story of one such fall on land 
north of the mountain. It was not a common practice, how- 
ever, and was only tried when there was a "chopping bee." 
There was great danger to the choppers. A sudden gust of 
wind, or some workman chopping too far into the tree, was 
liable to set the "fall" going, to the great danger of those 
engaged in the toil. But it was said that the trees were packed 
more closely together by this method, and a much better 
"burn" could be obtained. These fallen trees were allowed 
to remain until partially dry, and then came the burn. 
Such a mass of trunks of trees, limbs and dried foliage and 
twigs made a most tremendous fire, and at this day one wonders 
what was done to prevent it from spreading into the adjoining 
woods. Perhaps it did and the settlers did not care. 

Of course even after the best ' ' burn ' ' the trunks of the 
immense trees and the larger limbs remained unconsumed, and 
then came the log-piling. As soon as enough settlers had come 
into the town, this part of the work was generally made the 
occasion of a " bee." The men and boys came with their oxen 
and axes, and logs were chopped into convenient lengths and 
hauled together and piled. It was hard, sooty work, and would 
not appeal to a present-day farmer as very desirable toil ; but 
those men are said to have had great fun and excitement in the 
logging " bee," and they had the satisfaction of knowing that 
they were lending a helping hand to a neighbor. Possibly, too, 
the New England rum, which was always plentifully supplied 
on such occasions, had something to do with the merry excite- 
ment. These log piles were fired, and when consumed, left an 
immense residue of ashes to fertilize the soil. 


The first crops raised were Indian corn and rye, and usually 
a small plot of flax. The seed must be all planted or sowed by 
hand, and the tools our forefathers had to use were of the most 
primitive kind, heavy and cumbrous. A plow was of no use 
whatever on account of the roots in the soil. The rye was 
scratched in with a three-pronged implement, and the iron in 
the hoes would have made a half-dozen of those of the present 
day. With these tools the corn was covered among the roots 
and stones, and it would be interesting to know how much they 
raised to the acre in that virgin soil. It was not until many 
years later that potatoes were raised to any great extent. This 
vegetable was slow in coming into general use as an article of 
food. Mrs. Chase Hadley told the writer that her husband 
raised two bushels one year and divided them with the neigh- 
bors, keeping only one-half bushel for his own family ; and that 
no one wanted them or ate them in those days. That must 
have been about the year 1800. 

Hoes, axes, scythes, etc., were all made by the nearest black- 
smiths. The shovels were made from a riven oak plank, blade 
and handle all one piece, the blade concave on one side and con- 
vex on the other, and sometimes shod with a piece of steel. 
Probably there are none of these old relics in town now, but 
one of these shovels was kept in Sherebiah Manning's hop- 
house for years, and was much worn. 

Sometime later a very narrow harrow with teeth top and bot- 
tom was used to harrow in rye on burnt ground. If the roots 
threw it bottom side up, the team might still go on and the har- 
row would do business. 

When the roots had decayed to some extent, and some of the 
larger stone had been cleaned away, plows came into use. 
These plows were manufactured in the town and were the joint 
product of the blacksmith and the carpenter. The beam was 
six or seven feet long, made of oak or ash, perhaps five inches 
in greatest diameter, tapering toward the team and handles. 
The "plow irons," made by a blacksmith, were the share, the 
point and the wing ; the mold-board was made of wood, and on 
this were fastened pieces of steel or sheet-iron to prevent the 
furrow from wearing it away. About forty years ago one of 
these old plows was in existence and was used in repairing the 
highway in District No. i. It had pieces of old saw plate fast- 
ened to the mold-board. The handles were very low, but it 
was said to do better work than the more modern plows ; and 


it may be added it took more team to draw it. In the process 
of time the land was cleared of stone, and the miles of wall 
were built, wheat and oats and potatoes were raised, hop fields 
were planted (this last industry to be abandoned when the 
Western States began to raise hops) , and the fields of L,ynde- 
borough practically as they are to-day, were evolved. The sin- 
gle and double walls in town show what was taken from the 
soil besides crops, and the muscular energy the fathers ex- 
pended in wresting smooth fields from the forest. 

How long the log-cabin period in the history of Lynde- 
borough continued there are no traditions to tell. They were 
rough, uncomfortable habitations at the best, and generally con- 
tained one room and a small loft, this last reached by a ladder. 
A hole dug under the hut and reached by a trap-door in the 
floor, served as a cellar. During the severe winters common to 
the climate the occupants must have suffered much from the 
cold, in spite of all contrivances, such as hanging bed-quilts 
around the fire-place, and the use of the " settle," with its'high 
back. These low houses must have been nearly buried in the 
deep snow, but doubtless this was a blessing, as it made the 
interiors all the warmer. Green wood was burned, and this 
had to be dug out of the snow. None was ever housed in those 
days, and, in fact, a generation or two passed before woodsheds 
became common. When the boys got chilly they were sent to 
the woodpile to ply the axe until they were thoroughly warmed. 

It is probable that as soon as saw-mills were established and 
boards could be obtained, the settlers began to build framed 
houses. These at first were invariably of one story. The 
frame was made of hewn timber, much of it seven and eight 
inches square, almost strong enough to have supported a modern 
" sky-scraper." 

Carpenters always worked by "scribe" rule in those days 
in framing a building, either house or barn. Square rule did 
not come into use for almost a hundred years later. 

These new houses were loosely-constructed affairs, and it 
was necessary to retain the generous fire-place, to which was 
added the brick oven. Then, as the people grew prosperous 
and forehanded, they began to build the more pretentious two- 
storied houses. 

Nails were very scarce and hard to obtain, and some of the 
houses had the boarding fastened to the frame with wooden 
pins. The older part of the house on the old " town farm " has 


the boards fastened in this way. The pins are of oak, about 
three inches long and perhaps three-eighths of an inch square 
at the head, tapering to a point. This part of the house was 
built by Eleazer Woodward just previous to the Revolutionary 
War. Nehemiah Boutwell made nails for years, and many of 
the houses in town were built with them. 

David Stratton built the seventh framed house in I^ynde- 
borough. Such is the tradition, but tradition is silent about the 
preceding six. The site of Stratton's house was about twenty 
rods south of where Fred Holt lives. 

Much has been written about ambitious youth studying by 
the light of the open fire or by the aid of pitch pine splints, 
doubtless all true ; but it is also doubtless true that those first 
settlers went to bed as a rule almost as soon as it was ' ' dark 
under the table." They had few books, no newspapers, and 
the out-of-door life, with its vigorous muscular labor in clear- 
ing the land, would be likely to promote a drowsy feeling, come 
night. But if they were inclined to sit up late, the light of the 
open fire or of a pitch pine torch was all they had at first. 
There were rude lamps in existence at that day, but they had 
no means to provide the oil to burn in them. But as they 
began to have herds of cattle and flocks of sheep, candles came 
into use, and the making of the year's supply of " tallow dips " 
was quite an event in the household economy. 

Peeled willow sticks about eighteen inches long, and a little 
less than a half-inch in diameter were provided, and on these 
were looped six strands of candle wicking of the length of the 
required "dip." These were placed about a couple of inches 
apart on the stick. Two small poles were then placed on some 
support, generally two chairs. These poles were long enough 
to hold some dozens of candles and were laid far enough apart 
to allow the candles to hang between. A large kettle of tallow 
was then melted, and when all was ready, these wicks were 
dipped in the hot tallow. In withdrawing them of course they 
stuck together more or less, and then a finger was used to 
separate them, and the stick was placed on the poles to cool. 
By the time the last stickful was dipped, the tallow on the first 
had hardened sufficiently to allow of its being dipped again, 
and so the process was continued, the candles growing in size, 
until they were large enough. Usually enough were made at a 
time to last a year. 

L,ater, candle-molds came into common use. These were tin 


molds of the size and shape of a candle, fastened together in 
groups of a dozen. The wicking was drawn through them and 
secured by a knot at the bottom. Melted tallow was poured 
into them and allowed to cool. These candles, it was claimed, 
were not as good as " dips," being more inclined to run. 
Although there were " snuffers " in every household, it was a 
common practice to snuff the candle with the fingers, and it was 
quite a trick to do it without burning the fingers or putting 
the candle out. By holding the candle between the eyes and 
the book or paper, (and incidentally catching the falling grease 
in one's lap) one could read quite comfortably by its use. 

Whale oil lamps were used to some extent in the early days, 
but they were smoky things and only those who were considered 
opulent could afford them. Camphene, a highly explosive oil 
or liquid, was also used for illuminating purposes but was rather 

In the decade between 1850 and 1860 kerosene oil became 
the common light, and has continued with many improvements 
in lamps to the present day. 

The writer's father bought the first of this oil in 1858, paying 
twenty-five cents per quart therefor. 

The clothing of the pioneers of Lyndeborough was all home- 
made, home-spun and woven in a rough loom set up in the 
kitchen, usually. Wool was not very plenty at first, and about 
the first crop raised was a patch of flax. This was pulled at 
the proper time and laid out to rot, as it was termed, then it 
was cleaned of its seed, and broken with what was called a 
' ' flax breaker, ' ' a machine which required considerable muscle 
to operate. Next it was swingled to clean out the coarser 
parts, combed to get rid of the tow and then was ready to be 
spun on the "little wheel." Sheets, pillow-cases, towels, and 
women's dresses, together with 'shirts for the men, were made 
from it. The boys had to wear a product made from the tow, 
coarse and rough. 

Some of this linen was figured, and compares very favorably 
with the linen of to-day. Mrs. E. C. Curtis has some of the 
table linen made by her grandmother from flax raised on the 
old homestead in Johnson's Corner. It was spun and woven 
in the old house on that farm, a house in which was no plaster- 
ing and no paint. That such fabrics could have been made 
with the rude looms of the times, almost passes belief. They 
are as fine in texture and figure as those of the present day. 


Some of the designs were called the "American Beauty," 
"Orange Quarter," etc. Mrs. Curtis also has some towels 
made by her great- great-grandmother, more than a hundred 
and fifty years ago, which show artistic design in figure. 

All the girls were brought up to card and spin and weave and 
knit. Forty-two knots of filling, or six skeins, or thirty-five 
knots of warp, or five skeins, was a day's work of either kind, 
and fifty cents per week and board was the pay when working 

Mrs. Asher Curtis, senior, used to milk two cows for an addi- 
tional compensation of eight cents. 

As the sheep increased in numbers, the carding, spinning, 
and weaving of woolen fabrics was added to the home indus- 
tries of the forefathers. The hum of the " big wheel " mingled 
with that of the " little " or flax wheel, and then came the era 
of the " striped frock," a garment made of wool, belted at the 
waist, and worn almost universally by the men of two or three 
generations. It was warm and comfortable and was almost the 
only outside garment many had. It was worn "to mill and to 
meeting " and retained its popularity until comparatively recent 
years. John Richardson was about the last man in the " mid- 
dle of the town" to give it up. The well-to-do and the poor 
alike wore them. 

Sometimes cotton filling was obtained from the lower towns, 
and bedspreads and other articles were made of cotton and 
wool, or with a flax warp made into a coarser fabric for common 

Girls made their own wedding outfits in those days, carding 
and spinning and weaving the wool for blankets, and using 
their utmost skill in the fineness and the design of linen fabrics. 
Generally the quantity of table linen, towels, blankets, bed- 
spreads, etc., was enough to last the bride through her married 
life, for the goods she made wore like iron. The maidens were 
very proud of their skill, and were not bashful in showing the 
results of their handiwork. Frequently the all-wool cloth in- 
tended for best wear was fulled at some nearby mill and a nap 
made on it. Joshua Sargent operated just such a mill in town 
for many years. When the fabrics were dyed the fashionable 
color was blue, and the aroma of the old dye pot with its bag of 
indigo was in every kitchen at times. 

Of underclothing the men had none, nor indeed wanted any. 

Mrs. Asher Curtis, mother of Mrs. Betsey Ann Curtis, solici- 



tous for her husband's comfort once made him a pair of good, 
warm, woolen drawers, and one cold morning persuaded him to 
wear them. Such an experience was new to him, but he 
started for the wood-lot with them on. He had loaded his wood 
and started for market, walking beside his oxen, and he found 
the drawers uncomfortably warm, so he mounted the load, and 
in a biting wind with the thermometer below zero, discarded 
the underwear and never could be persuaded to wear any again. 
There has been much speculation in these later days, as to 
how our present winters compare in severity with those of the 
"olden time." In connection therewith the following record 
kept by some member of the Goodrich family and found by 
John H. Goodrich among the family papers will be of great 
interest. It gives the number of snow-falls, total depth of snow- 
fall, number of rains, and time of apple-blossoming for twenty- 
three years, commencing with 1830. 

No. of Total depth No. of 

Years snow falls 













of snow 
















6-1 y 2 









1 20 




Time of 

apple blossoming 

May I 

May 22 Frost to kill apple 

* May 14 

buds and corn 

May 28 

May 6 

May 19 

May 27 

June 21. A little frosty 

May 18 

Aug. 4. A little frosty 

June i 

June 23. Quite a frost 

May 26 

May 1 6 

May 17 

June 2. Frost to kill 

May 27 

May 18 

June 2. A flight of snow 

May 20 

June 2. A frost to kill 

May 15 

June 12. Corn killed 

May 15 

May 9 

June 13. A frost 

May II 

June 15. A fall of snow 

May 17 

June i. A fall of snow 

May 10 

June 4 

June 5 and 12. Corn killed 

May 22 

May 25 

May 19 

In the matter of footwear the earliest settlers in town wore 
Indian moccasins in the winter, and during warm weather men 
and women, old and young, went barefoot when at home. As 
soon as they began to slaughter cattle and tan yards were estab- 


lished, the hides were sent to the tanners to be made into 
leather, some of which was sold, and some was brought home 
to be in readiness for the shoemaker to make up into boots and 
shoes for the family. The shoemaker travelled from house to 
house with his kit of tools, and as much footwear was made up 
as was thought would last the whole family a year. The 
women's shoes were coarse and heavy like the men's, and it 
was not until nearly a century after the first settlement of the 
town that soft and shapely shoes were made for the gentler sex. 
Oh ! those old long-legged, cowhide boots ! Men and boys 
had to wear them. One pair was supposed to last for a year, 
with the help of the cobbler. Stiff and hard at the best, the 
snow and cold of winter made it almost impossible to get them 
off the feet. And the old boot- jack hanging from its appointed 
peg how many generations wrestled with that ! Sometimes 
the father's or brother's assistance was invoked, and turning 
his back to the patient, he would take the foot between his legs, 
and grasping the boot with both hands, either pull it off or the 
other fellow out of his chair. 

A pot of tallow was kept to grease the boots to make them 
impervious to water and to soften them somewhat. This worked 
well when the boots were warm, but when they became cold it 
made them stiff as boards. After a time long-legged calf-skin 
boots, sometimes with red leather tops, began to be worn. 
These were considered very genteel, and as they were rarely 
worn except to church, they lasted for a long time. One of the 
deacons in town used to show a pair he had worn for twenty- five 
years, and they were in pretty fair condition. 

In many of the houses there was a " cobbler's bench," and 
some member of the family could do the repairing, so the boots 
were patched and tapped almost as long as the leather would 
hold together. 

Among the few blessings of the early settlers was a good 
appetite. They were valiant trenchermen, and numberless tradi- 
tions have come down to us of the culinary art of the " olden 
time." But the truth is, the diet of the first-comers was scanty 
and plain. All cooking had to be done by the open fire, and 
this continued until 1835 or 1840, when cook-stoves were intro- 
duced. Thus, for a hundred years from the time John Cram 
made his ' ' beginning, ' ' the cooks roasted and boiled and 
baked over the coals in the fire-place. And this in more senses 
than one. 


The woods abounded in game and the streams with fish, and 
probably people did not go hungry; but it is a curious fact that 
our ancestors in this town looked with disfavor on those who 
spent much time in hunting and fishing, and many sayings de- 
rogatory to the man or boy who went strolling around with rod 
or gun have come down to us. They considered it a sinful 
waste of time. Doubtless they were compelled to make use of 
the fish and game, but they much preferred domestic meat. As 
soon as they could raise and fatten swine, and the flocks and 
herds incresed, they seldom made use of the creatures of the 
forest. Of course there were exceptions to this rule, and there 
are traditions of Lyndeborough men who were mighty hunters 
in their day. 

It is said that in the earlier cabins there was a wooden lug- 
pole extending over the fire and fastened to the side of the chim- 
ney. If this should happen to burn off, it was replaced by a 
new one. On this were hung the pots and kettles, and the 
housewife used a strong stick to lift them on and off, running a 
great risk of setting her clothing afire in doing so. But when 
these log cabins were discarded for the more comfortable framed 
houses, and more substantial brick chimneys were built, an iron 
crane extending over the fire, and hung at the side of the fire- 
place so that it could be swung out from the fire, was devised 
and was a great convenience. On it the kettles could be ex- 
amined or taken off with little risk of burns. Cranes continued 
to be used until cook stoves came, and the old fire-places were 
bricked up and the hearth-stones became cold. As soon as the 
settlers could raise corn and rye, brown, or rye and Indian 
bread, as it was called, was the only bread used. This was not 
"steamed," as now-a-days, but was baked in large loaves be- 
fore the fire or in the brick oven, and of course there was much 
hard crust. This crust, softened with warm water, a little mo- 
lasses and a little milk being added, made a common and favor- 
ite supper dish. For many years wheat flour was not to be had, 
and when it first did come in use it was so costly that it was 
considered a luxury which only the rich could afford. Seven 
pounds was thought to be an ample supply for a year in most 
families. It was bought in seven, fourteen and twenty-eight- 
pound lots. When a youth, Mr. E. C. Curtis worked for a man 
in the haying season who had bought a supply to last through 
that time, and when the hay was all cut and stored, returned to 
the store all that remained of the flour. Eli Curtis was the first 


one in town to purchase a whole barrel of flour, other than the 
store-keepers, and the Widow Cressy was the second. 

Broths and stews and bean porridge were common articles of 
diet. Bean porridge was made in quantities to last the family 
a week or two, as bean porridge was " best when nine days 
old." Occasionally a veal calf would be killed, and part of the 
meat loaned to the neighbors, to be returned when they in turn 
should kill one. Salted meats and salted codfish were the main- 
stay during the year, and one definition of a fore-handed farmer 
in those days was one who always had " pork in the barrel and 
corn in the chamber." Naturally, there was always a craving 
for " fresh meat," and the settlers looked forward to pig-killing 
time with lively anticipation of juicy " spare-rib " and " chine " 
of fresh pork. 

Garden vegetables, as we know them now, they did not have, 
and if the truth be told they did not try to have even the few 
and inferior kinds then known. Fifty years ago a man who 
spent much time trying to have a vegetable garden was consid- 
ered a ' ' putterer ; ' ' and if he should have any leanings toward 
flowers, his sanity was called in question. Pumpkins, squash, 
beets, carrots and turnips, with the inevitable bed of sage, made 
up the utmost of their efforts in the garden line in the long ago. 

Cook stoves were slow in coming into use in I/yndeborough, 
as, indeed, they were in other towns. The women were used 
to cooking by the open fire and looked askance at the new in- 
vention. Chase Hadley bought one of the first to be brought 
into town, and it was set up in the kitchen by the side of the 
old fire-place. It was two or three years before his wife could 
be persuaded to use it at all, and she cooked by the open fire 
and baked in the brick oven more or less as long as she kept 
house. It was the common thing to set up stoves beside the 
open fire-place and run both. 

Previous to the coming of the cook-stove, there was a con- 
trivance introduced, called a "tin baker," which was thought 
by the housewives to be a fine thing. My grandfather owned 
one, but I never saw it in operation. It was made to set up 
before the fire, and was generally used when there was a ' ' hurry 
call " for a meal. Probably they have not been used since 1850. 
But the old brick oven ! Never were such pies and cakes and 
puddings since, as were turned out of that warm cavern ! Ap- 
petite had nothing whatever to do with the excellency of the 
viands. They were better, far better, than any baked in a 


modern range. Baked beans, brown bread, and Indian pudding 
comprised the "menu" for Sunday in every family. These 
could be prepared the Saturday before, and consigned to the 
brick oven to come out piping hot when wanted. Thus the 
sin of cooking on the Sabbath was avoided. 

It was not until 1835 that friction matches were used in 
L,yndeborough. They had been invented in England a few 
years before, but were so costly in those days when money was 
scarce, that they were not freely used. Therefore, for the first 
century in the history of the town, the flint and steel and tinder 
box method was the only one by which to produce fire. But 
this was a very troublesome way. Skill was required to strike 
the spark, catch it in the tinder and blow it into flame. There 
was a flint and steel in most families, but their main reliance 
was in care that the fire should not go out. It was carefully 
covered every night. The glowing coals were raked together 
and covered deep with ashes, and in the morning this heap of 
ashes would be opened, dry wood laid thereon, and soon a good 
fire was burning. But sometimes in spite of all care it would 
go out, and then some one would go to the neighbors to borrow 
fire. One old lady who lived on the mountain has told the 
writer of going to John Ordway's, who lived where Charles J. 
Cunimings lives now, to get fire. Once both families happened 
to be destitute of the necessity on the same morning, and she 
had to go over to Robert Badger's, where Harry Richardson 
now lives, to get coals. 

Those of us who grumble at getting up cold mornings and 
starting the fire with matches and good kindling, might reflect 
upon going a mile or more through the snow and bringing 
home coals in a kettle before we could have a fire, and be 

The wood was burned green, and the practice of storing a 
year's supply of dry wood was unthought of. The wood was 
piled in the yard, and the day's supply prepared as needed, and 
it was prepared with an axe too ; wood-saws and saw-horses 
were not much used then. Digging it out of the snow in winter 
or sweating in wielding, the axe in summer, it was all the 
same. My grandfather built the first woodshed north of the 
mountain in the year 1820. Possibly this was the first in town. 

It was a good many years after the first settlement of the 
town that tea and coffee became common beverages. Substi- 
tutes were used to some extent. Some thought the young and 


tender leaves of the raspberry bush, dried and steeped, made a 
fairly good tea, and bread crusts were browned and made to 
take the place of coffee, but it must be said that New England 
rum was plenty from the start . 

It is not the province of the historian to moralize on this sub- 
ject but to record facts, and one fact was that the drinking of 
liquor was the custom of the time, and was not thought wrong 
or harmful. Everyone from the minister down to his poorest 
parishioner kept a supply on hand and drank it himself and 
offered it in hospitality to his guests. It was provided at 
funerals, as witness at the funeral of the Rev. Sewall Good- 
ridge the rum and sugar " for the singers " cost $2.25. It was 
abundant at weddings ; and at log-pilings, huskings and rais- 
ings it was freely used. It was considered the height of dis- 
courtesy not to offer ' ' spirit ' ' to the minister when he made a 
pastoral visit. Rum could be bought in the early days for 
twenty-five cents per gallon. One man who formerly lived in 
town used to pass the house of a temperance woman, on his 
regular trips to get his jug filled. She hailed him one day and 
this colloquy ensued : 

" Going after more rum, I suppose ? " 
" Yes, ma'am." 

' ' I wish rum cost ten dollars a gallon ! ' ' 
" Its wuth it ma'am, its wuth it ! " 

There were many taverns in town where it was sold and these 
were duly licensed by the town. They were considered emi- 
nently respectable and citizens of standing would call for a glass 
or mug of "flip." The weighty affairs of town policy would 
be discussed and settled over a steaming joram of punch at 
Capt. William Barren's hostelry. The stores all kept liquor 
for sale, and to treat their customers. At the musters and train- 
ings in addition to the "Spirit of '76" there was generally a 
barrel or two of rum. It may be said also that the liquors 
were pure in those days and the heads were strong, and the 
consequences of drunkenness were not as grave as might be 

This condition of affairs continued until the temperance re- 
form movement in the decade from 1830 to 1840. Dr. Israel 
Herrick was one of the leaders of that movement in I^ynde- 
borough. He says of himself: " I went into this movement 
with my whole soul, without regard to my reputation or pecu- 


niary loss, and I thank God he so directed me and gave me 
strength to do it." 

With the help of others he carried forward the crusade 
against dram drinking until the practice was pretty generally 
abandoned. But years before this was brought about, the 
apple orchards planted by the settlers had begun to bear, and 
they bore cider apples. Out of a large orchard, but two or 
three trees, perhaps, would bear fruit fit for eating ; so the 
' ' cider apples ' ' were made into cider and rum was supple- 
mented by this beverage. Almost every one stored many 
barrels of it in his cellar. One family put forty barrels of 
apple juice in the cellar in the fall. It was all gone in April, 
and the men were in the market trying to swap labor for cider. 

There were cider mills on the following farms : 

Ephraim Putnam's, where Frank Pettengill now lives ; David 
Putnam 2d's, near where Edwin H. Putnam lives ; Gideon 
Cram's, where Luther Cram lives ; Uriah Cram's, now called 
the Putnam place ; one on the Ellingwood place ; one at Eben 
Bachelder's ; one at Jacob Wellman's, where George Carson 
lives ; one at Timothy Richardson's, where F. A. Richardson 
lives ; one at Andrew Fuller's, where Moses C. Fuller lives ; 
one at Solomon Cram's, where Willard Rose lives; one at Ben- 
jamin Jones', where Mr. Wilson lives ; one at the Deacon Good- 
rich place, North L,yndeborough ; one at the Stephenson place ; 
one at the farm where H. H. Joslin lives, and doubtless some 
others in the " olden time." There is not an old-fashioned cider 
mill in town now. All have been destroyed. They would be 
something of a curiosity to the boy or girl of to-day. 

Sections of a hard wood log about two feet long and nearly 
the same in diameter were prepared. Holes were mortised in 
one of them, and tenons or projections to match the holes were 
set into the other. These rollers were set upright in a strong 
frame and made to revolve one against the other by a long 
sweep fastened to one of them. This sweep was quite a stick 
of timber, and was crooked in order that one end might come 
near enough to the floor so a horse could be hitched to it. A 
hopper led the apples against the rollers, or "nuts," as they 
were called. A boy was generally perched on the frame to 
scrape the pomace from the rollers (scraping the nuts, it was 
called), the horse travelled round and round in a circle, and 
with much creaking and noise the fruit was crushed, the juice 
and pomace falling into a vat below. 


The pomace was placed in the press with big wooden scoop 
shovels, the layers separated with straw ; pressure was applied 
with wooden screws, some of them six or eight inches in diame- 
ter. These were turned by levers, and thus slowly, very slowly, 
cider was made in the " olden time." But if all traditions are 
true, it was not " slowly, very slowly " imbibed. 

Now, it is said that the cider made in those days was better 
than that made today, for the " pressing " was allowed to stand 
over night in the vat, and acquired a heavier ' ' body ' ' and bet- 
ter color and flavor. Cider and apples were the standard re- 
freshment offered to evening visitors for a good many years, and 
by that same token, to day-time callers as well. Some of the 
old ' ' cider mugs ' ' shown in antique collections held a generous 
measure, and the " boy " whose duty it was to draw cider made 
many journeys to the cellar. 

When not in use the old cider mill was a favorite play-ground 
for the children. Its cumbrous machinery, its pleasant, musty, 
fruity smell, its opportunities for hiding, had a fascination for 
boys and girls. Many a middle-aged man raised in the country 
has a glad memory of the old cider mill on the farm. 

In recent years comparatively little cider is made in L,ynde- 
borough. Andy Holt made it for a number of years at the old 
Stephenson mill, which he purchased, but none is made ther e 
now. Edwin H. Putnam has the only mill in town now where 
it is made to any extent. He has facilities for making " cider 
jelly," and does quite a business at that. His is a " grater" 
mill, and the juice and pomace are carried directly to a hydraulic 
press. A load of apples may be carried to this mill, and the 
cider made " while you wait." 

Sometimes the cider press was used in pressing hops. There 
were many hop-yards in Lyndeborough up to about 1860. Dea. 
William Jones had one on the hill north of his house, and on 
the opposite side of the road from this was the hop-yard of 
Samuel Jones. Thus that hill came to be known as Hop-Yard 
hill. Sherebiah Manning had a hop-house and press on the 
Benj. Jones place, and there were other farms where hops were 
raised. The opening of the fertile lands of the West killed the 
industry in this section. 

The question is sometimes asked now-a-days : Do people en- 
joy themselves in these days as well as they did in the ' ' olden 
times ' ' ? One old lady of whom the writer asked the question 
replied : " Well, I don't know. Folks had a proper good time 


when I was a girl better than they do now, I guess. They 
did not seem to have so much to worry about." It must not 
be supposed that the people who built up the town of L,ynde- 
borough did not have their pleasures, in spite of the privations 
and hardships of pioneer life ; but it is a curious fact that about 
all of the early amusements were somehow connected with 
work. Something must be accomplished. Laziness was a sin, 
and to be called shiftless was a deep disgrace, while many grave 
faults were condoned or overlooked in a person if only he were 
"smart to work." 

So they had log-pilings, huskings, raisings and chopping- 
bees. The women, their quiltings, paring-bees and spinning- 
bees ; and in each and all was the element of work. 

Before the practice of shocking corn, now so general, came 
in vogue, the farmers used to " cut the stalks" just above the 
ear. These were cured for fodder, and the remainder of the 
corn plant was allowed to ripen in the field. L,ate in the fall 
this was cut up and carried to the barn, and an immense pile 
made, the length of the barn floor. Rough-and-ready seats 
were placed along one side, stacks of doughnuts and pies were 
made, invitations were sent around, and everything was ready 
for a " husking." 

Almost every one came, young and old of both sexes, bring- 
ing lanterns, which were hung on pitchforks placed in the hay- 
mows, to help illuminate. Hoarded ears of red corn were sur- 
reptitiously placed in the pile. Then there were busy hands 
and busy tongues, shouts of laughter as red-ear forfeits were 
paid, now and then a wrestling match, until the pile of corn 
dwindled away, and the carriers of baskets to the chamber 
found their occupation gone. Then to the house and big 
kitchen, where there was a bountiful supper of baked beans, 
brown bread, doughnuts and pies (probably not a dyspeptic 
there), coffee and cider, and perhaps just a little rum for the 
aged. And that was a I,yndeborough "husking" of the long 

Since the custom of shocking corn or cutting and binding in 
shocks in the field obtained, there have been very few huskings 
in town. 

The old-fashioned barn was not quite like those of the pres- 
ent day, and most of those built in the early days were much 
smaller. The "big door " was in the side, and the barn floor 
ran from side to side, with the "tie up " and scaffold at one 


end and a big " bay " in the other. One entire side of the barn 
was pinned together and raised, and as the timbers were large 
and green, it took about all the help in the neighborhood to 
raise it into place. 

No matter how busy the season, or what work was on hand, 
all the men and boys dropped everything to attend a " raising," 
and women, too, for that matter, as much help was required to 
feed such a crowd of hungry men. The boss carpenter was the 
man of the hour and the work was performed under his direc- 
tion. Reliable men were stationed with iron bars to guide the 
tenons into the mortises in the sill ; as many men as could get 
a hold grasped the "band," as it was called, and raised it as 
far as they could ; another contingent stood ready with pike 
poles to push it still farther up, and thus steadily it was raised 
until the tenons slipped into the mortises and it was pinned and 

There was some excitement in raising the heavy mass of 
timbers and now and then a wavering as one side or the other 
was raised faster, but there are no traditions of any serious 
accident happening on such occasions in town. 

In modern barns where the barn-floor runs from end to end, 
the ' ' bands ' ' are smaller. In the old barns the timber was 
generally hewn, and the boring for mortises and pins was done 
by the old pod augur. They were put together, however, in 
such workmanlike manner that it has always been a hard 
matter to tear them down. 

These raisings were the occasion of many feats of daring by 
men on the frame, and for many a wrestling match. After the 
roof was on and everything done, refreshments, both solid and 
liquid, were in order and in the very early days they did not 
wait until all was finished before serving liquids. 

The first barn raised in L,yndeborough without rum was that 
of Dea. William Jones. It was in the beginning of the " tem- 
perance reform ' ' movement and the deacon resolved to be the 
pioneer in raising a barn without the use of liquor. The frame 
being in readiness, word was sent round giving notice of the 
day of the raising, and the neighbors turned out in full num- 
bers, as usual, to give their assistance, but were somewhat 
amazed and disconcerted when it was whispered that this was a 
temperance affair, and that no rum or other liquors were to be 
supplied. Not much was said however, and they manned the 
first band, and, raising it a few feet, began to shout, " Bring on 


your rum ! bring on your rum ! ' ' No rum being forthcoming 
they lowered the timbers to their former place and sat down to 
rest. After a short time they again raised the band a little way, 
some of the men bearing down to counteract the efforts of some 
who were willing to lift it to its place, and again the demand 
was made for rum. The deacon then told them that that barn 
was going up without rum or not at all, and they deliberately 
returned to their homes. The deacon then hitched up his 
horse and scoured his own and the neighboring towns until he 
had secured a full complement of temperance help, and in a day 
or two the barn was raised. 

Rev. Mr. Claggett was the originator of that form of enter- 
tainment called the " sociable." This was a gathering at the 
different homes to spend the afternoon and evening. Notice 
was generally given from the pulpit and all attended. The 
young people pre-empted one or two rooms to themselves where 
games were played and the older ones had the parlor or best 
room where the news of the day was discussed, and where they 
compared notes of the crops and of the live stock. During the 
Cival War these sociables were merged into Soldiers' Aid socie- 
ties and the young men held the yarn and the girls wound it 
into balls, and the women knit stockings or made ' ' comfort 
bags " to send to the "boys in blue " at the front. 

For many decades the annual donation party to the minister 
was a social event in the life of the town. Its ostensible pur- 
pose was to help out the meagre salary of the pastor, though 
many ' ' outside the fold ' ' were wont to hint that it impover- 
ished him, for the visitors ate up more than they carried. But 
it was a popular idea and almost everyone attended, bringing 
as a gift almost anything from a link of sausage to a load of 
wood. Whatever the Rev. Mr. Claggett's real opinion of a 
donation party was, he never gave any sign other than of un- 
alloyed pleasure in meeting his people on these occasions. He 
had a gracious and cheerful greeting for everybody. No one 
escaped his notice, from the aged grandsire to the smallest tot 

The party was held at the parsonage generally in the winter 
season. Many came in the afternoon and remained to tea, and 
in the evening the house was filled to overflowing. Supper was 
served to all, whether they came early or late. The pastor's 
wife took special pains to see that the young people had a good 
time, and entered into the spirit of fun in the games with the 


liveliest of them. The old-fashioned donation party is a thing 
of the past, the last one in this parish being given to the Rev. 
Mr. Sawin in 1878. 

But the most popular recreation among the fathers was the 
singing-school. There were singing-schools in I^yndeborough 
as early as 1820, and they did not begin to decline in favor until 
comparatively recent years. People loved to sing in the old 
days, and were willing to strive to learn how. And then the 
merry sleigh-rides to and from the school in winter evenings ! 
Some young men would load the horse-sled or pung with a bevy 
of young lady acquaintances, and generally manage to adroitly 
spill the lot into a snow bank once or twice before they reached 
their homes again. Many a courtship began with an invitation 
to go to singing-school. 

Almost every one went either to sing or to listen, and L,ynde- 
borough became celebrated in all the towns about for its num- 
ber of good singers. And the town furnished some good 
teachers, too, Ira Houston, Daniel Woodward, Jr., and Eli 
Clark Curtis among the number. The earliest singing-school 
of which the writer can get any tradition was held in the hall 
of the old Jonas Kidder house, where R. C. Mason now lives. 
They were held in the hall in the old store-house at the Centre 
for a number of years. (The seats running around the sides 
of this hall were in place when the house was burned, in 1870). 
It is needless to say that the pupils graduated from these schools 
into the church choir. The decadence of the singing-school in 
I/yndeborough commenced about 1860. 


We give below epitomes of a number of old deeds. Some of 
these are based on records transferred a few years ago from 
Exeter to the office of the secretary of state at Concord. Others 
are from records at the county registrar's office in Nashua ; and 
still others are from the original documents, kindly lent the 
compiler by their present owners. 


No. i. (i743> Januarys.) Samuel Leman Jr. to Benjamin Gould of 
Chelmsford, Mass., (Bond) on Second Division Lot No. 68, drawn by 
Benjamin Gould on Right of Isaac Williams, heir of his uncle, Jonathan 
Williams. Consideration, 5^". O. T. bills. 

No. 2. (1743, January 15.) John Cram bought of Joseph Blaney, Esq., 
of Salem, Mass., Second Division Lot No. 41 for 2o. (Recorded Vol. 
VI. 105.) 

No. 3. (1744, January 30. ) Samuel Leman, Jr., sold to Melchizedeck 
Boffee 90 acres of Second Division Lot No. 68. 

No. 4. (1745, December 31.) Samuel Leman, Jr., to David Stratton, 
about 40 acres of Second Division Lot No. 68. Consideration 25^". 

No. 5. (1753, February 23, Vol. 88, p. 403.) John Cram deeded to 
Ephraim Putnam Sixty acres of Second Division Lot No. 41, bounded as 
follows : " South by line of Lot No. 30; West by line of No. 40, coming 
within 16 rods of its northern corner ; then runs 80 rod East ; and then 
runs South 16 rod, and from thence East to the N. W. corner of the 
barn, and from thence to the corner of the Southwest Flanker of the 
Fort, and thence south to a Pople Tree .... and so a straight line 
to the South line of said lot." 

(Fort.) This gives clear evidence of the existence of the Fort, com- 
manded for a time by John Cram, and later by Ephraim Putnam, his 
son-in-law, who married his daughter Sarah. 

No. 6. (1757, June 17, Vol. 73, p. 416.) Adam Carson of New Boston 
to William McNeal, Jr., his heirs &c., a part of Lot No. 48, beginning at 
the N. W. corner of said land " runs S. two degrees E. by land of William 
Carson, 120 rod, then E. 4 degrees N. 40 rod, then N. 2 degrees W. 120 
rod or poles to a black birch marked, then W. 4 degrees S. to the bounds 
first mentioned, containing about 60 acres, for 250^". in O. T. bills." 

No. 7. (1759, February i, Vol. 66, p. 328.) Jonathan Cram, Jr., to 
John Rand, 130 acres, being Lot No. 57, Second Division, for 60^" sterl- 
ing ; bounded Eastwardly on Lot 127, Westwardly on Lot 58, North- 
wardly on Lot No. 70, Southerly on 56. 

No. 8. (1759, July 2 7> Vol. 62, p. 466.) Carson (Adam?) to Jacob 
Wellman, a lot of land bounded as follows : Beginning at the N. E. 


corner of Home Lot No. 48, thence 40 rod S. to an upland black birch, 
then W. to a stake and stones standing 20 rod from the W. side of said 
lot ; then N. about 16^ rod, then N. 42 degrees W. to a stake and stones, 
then E. to the bounds first mentioned, containing u acres. 

No. 9. (1762, August 28, Vol. 87, p. 415.) Nehemiah Rand of Charles- 
town, Mass., received a Deed from Samuel Wells of Boston, of Lot No. 
71, containing 130 acres, in consideration of 27^. 

No. 10. (1763, March 10.) Benjamin I/ynde to Joseph Blaney, Second 
Division Lot No. 63, bounded N. by Lot 64 ; B. by Lot 62 ; S. by Lot 50; 
W. by the Masonian Proprietors' Land. 

No. u. (1763, June 10, Vol. 87, p. 412.) John Rand, Clerk, to Nehe- 
miah Rand, in consideration of 35^"., " Lot No. 127, of 130 acres, bounded 
westwardly on Lot on which I live, No. 71." Signed by John and Sarah 

No. 12. (1764, January 18, Vol. 73, p. 132.) John Carson of New 
Boston to Stephen Whiting of Dedham, Mass., a lot containing about 7 

No. 13. (1764, February 23, Vol. 71, p. 305.) James Richardson of 
Salem, Mass., Heir of Major Joseph B. Richardson of Woburn, Mass., 
sold to Benjamin Lynde six sevenths of James Richardson's two Rights, 
the other seventh having been given to Joseph Bevins for settling, and 
what was sold for taxes. 

No. 14. (1764, December i, Vol. 74, p. 313.) Stephen Spaulding of 
Derry, to David Stratton of Lyndeborough, 70 acres, more or less, 
bounded thus : Beginning at the N. W. corner of Lot No. 68, running S. 
to its S. W. corner ; from thence running E. 49 rod, 4 ft., from thence N. 
across the lot to a rock maple tree on the N. Line of said lot ; thence 
running E. 12^ rod to a white maple and heap of stones &c. 

No. 15. (1764, April 25, Vol. 72, p. 514.) Edward Bevins, Jr., to Benja- 
min Lynde, in consideration of i6 L. M., home Lot No. 18, at gun hill 
bounded north on Lot No. 28, E. on Lot No. 19 ; S. on Lot No. 5, and W. 
on Lot No. 17, and contains about 68 acres, and is the Lot bought of said 

No. 16. (1765, May 30, Vol. 79, p. 407.) Stephen Putnam, Carpenter, 
of Danvers, Mass., to Edward Spaulding of Nottingham West, for 40^"., 
L. M., 260 acres, being Lots No. 113 and 122. 

No. 17. (1765, September 25, Vol. -78, p. 261.; Mrs. Martha Birne, 
grand-daughter of Major Joshua Hicks, through Benjamin Lynde, Benja- 
min Pickman, John Bickford, Benjamin Goodhue and Joseph Blaney, 
Committee for Lyndeborough, sold to James Grant Lot No. 47, being one 
half of the commons for said lots. 

No. 18. (1765, Vol. 72, p. 414.) Daniel Mackey of Salem, Mass., in 
consideration of 13^. 6s. & 8d. deeded one fourth part of two Rights to 
Benjamin Lynde, which Rights were set off to Major Joshua Hicks, 
deceased, (the home lot No. 47, having been given to William Carson for 
settling. ) 

No. 19. (1766, May i, Vol. 99, p. 343; Vol. 91, p. 58, is a bond from 
Kidder to Lynde.) Benjamin Lynde, for 31 Pound L. M., deeded to 


Jonas Kidder, Lot No. 105, Second Division, bounded N. by 112, belong- 
ing to Glover, E. on Lot No. 106, S. on Lot No. 94, Ordways's, West by 
No. 104, Asa Stiles's ; the same containing 130 acres. 

No. 20. (1766, June 13, Vol. 78, pp. 256 and 268). William Thompson 
of Merrimack to Benjamin Lynde, in consideration of $$. 6s. 8d. L. M. 
2nd. Division Lot No. 65, bounded N. by No. 80, E. by No. 66, S. by 62, 
and W. by 64. This was a bond for the payment of said sum before the 
date specified. 

No. 21. (1766, June 13, Vol. 78, pp. 266 and 268.; Peter Russell of 
Merrimack 200 acres for 53^. 6s. 8d. L. M. 

No. 22. (1767, September 30, Vol. 79, p. 273.) John Rand to Moses 
Barron of Bedford, Home Lot No. 34, containing 60 acres for 9^". L. M. 
and Lot No. 126 containing 130 acres. 

No. 23. (1768, May 16.) James Boutwell, to Nehemiah Rand in 
Lyndeborough, 2nd. Division Lot No. 57, containing 130 acres. 

No. 24. (1768, June 3, Vol. 98, p. 398.) Remised, Released &c. from 
Barron (See No. 22.) to Nehemiah Rand, Home Lot No. 37, (called 34, in 
Vol. 79, p. 273.) The consideration the same. 

No. 25. (1768, August 23.) Stephen Putnam sold to Benjamin Lynde 
for 4. the common lands of a Right which he "had in the township of 
Lyndeborough which remained after the Second Division Lots were sold 
to Spaulding and others." (For Stephen Putnam see No. 16, above.) 

No. 26. (1768, November 7, Vol. 99, p. 457.) Jonathan Burton of Wil- 
ton, to Benjamin Lynde, his heirs, &c., Lot No. 19 in range 5, containing 
50 acres. 

No. 27. (1768, December 21, Vol. 98, p. 142.) (Grant.) Benjamin 
Lynde to Osgood Carleton, Second Division Lot No. 56, containing 130 

No. 28. (1769, November i, Vol. 90, p. 294.) Reuben Spaulding of 
Nottingham West bought of John Glover for 92^ L. M. the two Second 
Division Lots No. 112 & 123, bounded E. by No. in & 124; S. on Lot No. 
105; W. by 113 & 122; N. by 2nd Division Lot No. 5, or otherwise as by 
plan, containing about 260 acres. 

No. 29. (1770, April 28. Rockingham Records, Vol. 100, p. 318.) 
Benjamin Goodhue of Salem to Daniel Whittemore of Danvers, Mass., 
Second Division Lot No. 124, containing "about One Hundred and 
Thirty acres of Land as the same was allotted & Laid out to s d Goodhue, 
& Bounded as by the plan of said Proprietors of Lyndeborough, vizt : 
South on Col Pickman's Lot, No. in West on M r Blaney's or his as- 
signs, Lot No. 123. North on Col Pickman's 2 d division, Lot No. 4, & 
Easterly on s d Cap 1 Goodhue's other 2 d Division Lot No. 125. . . s d 
Goodhue doth covenant with s d Daniel Whittemore . . . that he is 
lawfully seized in fee of the premises . . . and that s d Goodhue will 
warrant and defend the same . . . from any persons claiming under 
the Proprietors of Mason's Grant." This deed bore the official signa- 
ture of " Benj* Lyude,y.s. Pea." and was recorded " nth Oct. 1770." 

The sum paid was " Two Hundred Dollars or Sixty pounds lawful 



No. i. (1761, February 5.) Benjamin Lynde, Benjamin Pickman, 
John Bickford & Benjamin Goodhue sold to Captain Jonathan Cram 
for his son Jacob, Home Lot No. 29, containing 60 acres ; bounded E. 
on Lot 28, S. on 17, W. on common land lying between Lot 29 and E. 
line of No. 2 township. Lynde, Pickman, Epps, Bickford & Goodhue, in 
capacity of Proprietors' Committee, sold it for taxes, & Jonathan Cram 
was highest bidder. 

No. 2. (1767, Apr. 8.) Ebenezer & Elizabeth Coston to James Bout- 
well of Amherst, 130 acres, more or less, Lot No. 57, bounded E. on Lot 
No. 127 ; W. on Lot No. 58 ; N. on Lot No. 70 ; S. on Lot No. 56. 

No. 3. (1771, March 22.) James Hutchinson to John Bradford of Am- 
herst, Home Lot No. 18, bounded N. on Home Lot No. 28 ; S. on Home 
Lot No. 5 ; E. on Home Lot No. 19 ; & W. on Home Lot No. 17. 

No. 4. (1772, March 9.) Melchizedeck Boffee, for 100 , Lot No. 68, in 
Second Division, to Thomas Boffee ; Beginning at the west side of the 
road leading from John Kidder's through said Lot to Deacon Benjamin 
Cram's, &c. (Benjamin Cram is said to have lived on the place of the 
late Dana B. Sargent, now the residence of Mr. and Mrs. Percy Putnam.) 

No. 5. (1773, August 14.) John Johnson & Adam Johnson to James 
Boutwell, Home Lot No. 58, bounded N. on common land ; E. on land of 
Jacob Wellman ; S. on land of Wm. Carson ; W. on land of Ross. 

No. 6. (1774, July 30.) Andrew Fuller & Mary of Lyndeborough to 
Philip Besom of Marblehead, Mass., Second Division Lot No. 51, of 130 
acres, bounded N. on 2nd. Div. Lot No. 62 ; E- on 2nd. Div. Lot No. 52 ; 
S. on 2nd. Div. Lot No. 48 ; W. on 2nd Div. Lot No. 50. 

No. 7. (1775.) Jesse Putnam of Lyndeborough, to Philip Besom of 
Marblehead, Mass., in consideration of 50^", 2nd. Div. Lot No. 49, of 130 

No. 8. (1777, April 14.) John Rowe deeded to Thomas Boffee for QO, 
a part of Lot No. 60, in 2nd Div. containing 30 acres more or less. 

No. 9. (1781, March 14.) Benjamin Cram to John Boffee part of Lots 
No. 59 & 54, beginning at N. W. corner of No. 59, &c. 

No. 10. (1794, October 3.) Sewall Goodridge to Wm. Blaney, land ad- 
joining Wilton N. Line, running W. to the S. E. corner of No. 6; thence 
N. on east line of No. 6, to the S. W. corner of land of Jonathan Cham- 
berlain Jr.; then E. on Chamberlain's land & South line, &c. 

No. it. (1796, September 20.) Benjamin Lewis of Milford, to John 
Besom of Lyndeborough, 13 acres more or less, bounded by the N. line of 
Aaron Putnam's lot, &c. 

No. 12. (1770, February 20, Vol. 7, p. 44.) Melchizedeck Boffee to 
John Rowe 65 acres of Lot No. 60 ; consideration 50 dollars. 

No. 13. (1770, August 13, Vol. 2, p. 387.) James Andrews of Boxford, 
Mass., & Sewall Goodridge, Clerk, of Lyndeborough, grant to Adam 
Johnson of Lyndeborough, Home Lot No. 62, bounded as follows, N. 
by common land ; W. on Solomon Cram ; S. on Widow Carleton, & E. 
on Capt. Goodhue ; estimated to contain 60 acres more or less, consider- 
ation 14^", L. M. 


No. 14. (1770, August i, Vol. 5, 155.) Sold Home Lot 62, & and. Div. 
Lots No. 48 & 49 ; consideration 20^", L. M. See the preceding record. 

No. 15. (1770, August 29, Vol. 7, 125.) James Andrews of Boxford, 
Mass., & Sewall Goodridge of Lyndeborough to Benjamin Jones of Am- 
herst, in consideration of 38^", 133., 4d., L- M., Lot. No. 49, 2nd. Div. con- 
taining 130 acres, bounded S. on land of Robert Hooper, W. on Proprie- 
tor's land, N. on land of Ephraim Putnam, E. on land of David Carleton. 

No. 16. (1770, Vol. 5, 155.) Powers to Goodridge in consideration of 
100^, Sterling, part of Lot. No. 86, 2nd. Div. containing 62^ acres. 

No. 17. (1771, Vol. 2, p. 423.) James Andrews of Boxford, Mass., to 
John Savage of Marblehead, Mass., in consideration of io6;, 133., 4d. 
Lot No. 98, 2nd. Div. containing 130 acres; bounded S. on Col. Pick man 
No. 83, W. on No. 99, N. on No. 101, Stephenson; & E- on No. 97. 

No. 18. (1771, Dec. 30, Vol. 10, 168.) Jonathan Chamberlain Jr., to 
Samuel Chamberlain, part of Lot No. 32, 2nd. Div., containing 60 acres, 
in consideration of 26^", 133., 8d. 

No. 19. (1772, January 10, Vol. 7, 43.) Josiah Abbot to Andrew 
Fuller, Esq., part of 2nd. Div. Lot No. 86, containing six acres, for i. 

No. 20. (1772, May 6, Vol. 2, 237.) Joseph Blaney of Salem, Mass., in 
consideration of 40 ; deeded to Thomas Pearson, first division Lot No. 3, 
bounded W. on No. 4, N. on No. 20 ; E. on No. 2 ; & S. on common land, 
or town line. 

No. 21. (1775, Decembers, v l- lo i l6 o-) Josiah Abbott, Blacksmith, 
in consideration of 90^", L- M. deeds to pieces of land in Lyndeborough, 
the one, beginning at the S. W. corner of land that he lives on, which is 
the N. W. corner of David Stratton's land, & runs 82 rod N. on Moses 
Stiles' E. line ; thence E. 2 degrees N. on Josiah Abbot's land 50 rod ; 
thence N. n degs. E. on Abbot's land, 10 rod to a stake & stones by the 
road ; thence Eastwardly by the S. side of the road to Kidder's W. line ; 
thence S. on that line 92 rod ; thence W. 87 rod, by land of David 
Stratton, being part of Lots 77 & 78, in the 2nd. Div., to contain 47 
acres more or less. 

No. 22 & 23, (1783 & 1785, Vol. 14, 355 357.) John Rowe deeded to 
Jonathan Chamberlain Jr. 50 acres in 1783 ; and deeded to Ephraim 
Bixby of Westford, Mass., Apr. 6, 1785, Eighty acres, adjoining lands of 
Chamberlain & Philip Besom, being parts of Lot No. 48 in 2nd. Division. 

No. 24. (1781, May 30.) Josiah Bowers of Billerica, Mass., deeded to 
Jonathan Butler of Lyndeborough, in consideration of $300, Lot No. 81, 
in the 2nd. Division, containing 130 acres. 



No. i. (1765, June 5.) Benjamin Pickman of Salem, Mass., to Jere- 
miah Carleton of Lyndeborough, N. H., a Warrantee Deed of 70 acres 
being Home Lot No. 44. which he bought of Nathaniel Putnam. 

No. 2. (1770, June 15.) Adam Johnson to Rachel Johnson, Home Lot 
No. 39. 

No. 3. (1770, December 17.) Josiah Woodbury of Salem, Mass., 
bought of Benjamin Goodhue 2nd. Div. Lot No. 125. 


No. 4. (1771, September 6.) Robert Hooper to Daniel Epps of Dan- 
vers, 2nd. Div. No. 108. Warrantee Deed. 

No. 5. (1770, July 18, by W. H. Grant, Esq.J Eunice Carleton, Execu- 
trix, to Jeremiah Carleton of Newburyport, Mass., Executrix's Deed of 
Home Lots 43 and 44 in Lyndeborough, N. H., with house, barn &c. 
(See No. 13, below.) 

No. 6. Benjamin Epps of Lyndeborough, N. H., to Peter Clark of 
Lyndeborough, N. H. W. D. 

No. 7. (1771, November 17.) David Carleton sold to John Boffee, both 
of Lyndeborough, 2nd. Div. Lot No. 48, 6o. L. M. 

No. 8. (1768, May 9.) Sewall Goodridge to Josiah Abbot, part of 
2nd. Div. Lots 77 and 78, a part of the Gage Farm. 

No. 9. (1769.) Ephraim Powers to Josiah Abbot, part of 2nd. Div. 
Lot No. 86. 

No. 10. (1768, April 19, Vol. 6, p. in.) Deed of Jonathan Cram, 
Moses Stiles and Phebe (Cram) Stiles, Benjamin Cram, Ephraim Putnam 
and Sarali (Cram) Putnam to Jonathan Chamberlain for and in consider- 
ation of supporting our brother, Joseph Cram, being part of Lot No. 41, 
2nd. Div. of lots, 75 acres. 

No. ii. (1770, September 15.) Benjamin Lynde to James Andrews, 
2nd. Div. Lot No. 98, containing 130 acres. 

No. 12. Melchizedeck Boffee to John Boffee; Vol. 20, 74; and John 
Boffee to Melchizedeck Boffee, Vol. 24, p. 231. 

No. 13. (1766, July 18.) Robert Hooper of Marblehead, Mass., to 
Jeremiah Carleton of Lyndeborough, N. H., Home Lot No. 43, in con- 
sideration of his full settlement and five shillings. (Compare this with 
No. 5.) 

No. 14. (1771, March 22.) James Hutchinson to John Bradford the 
Southeast end of Home Lot No. 18, lying partly on Gun Hill, so called, 
containing about 15 acres. 

No. 15. (1773, December 30.) Benjamin Goodhue to Nathan Cram, 
Second Division Lot No. 64, containing 130 acres. 

No. 16. (1772, January 20. W. D.) Benjamin Lynde to John Brad- 
ford Lot No. 5. on Gun Hill, and bounded northerly on Lot of Edward 
Bevins, Jr. (See No. 14, above.) 

No. 17. (1770, August 10.) Jeremiah Lee of Marblehead, Mass., to 
Melchizedeck Boffee of Lyndeborough. W. Deed, of Lot No. 49, being 
land which Joseph Swett requested said Boffee to clear and settle, con- 
taining 60 acres ; also 40 acres of Lot 29, 2nd. Div. to wit, at the westerly 
end of same. 

No. 18. (1770, Vol. 2, 381.) Adam Johnson from Sewall Goodridge, 
Home Lot No. 62. 

No. 19. (1772, April ii, Vol. 2, p. 430.) Adam Johnson from Sewall 
Goodridge ist. Div. Lot No. 58. 

No. 20. (1767, February 18, Vol. 28, p. 27.) Benjamin Lynde to John 
Carkin, husbandman, in consideration of a settlement made at Lynde- 
borough, and five shillings L. M. grants Home Lot No. 35, containing 60 


acres, and is the lot on which sad Carkin has built and lived 7 or 8 years, 
and lyeth between Col. Pickman's lot on the E. and the ministry lot No. 
34, on the west. 

No. 21. (17731 Vol. 3, p. 529.) William Lee of Francestown, bought 
of Pickman Lot No. 61, in Lyndeborough, commonly called Peal's Lot. 

No. 22. (1773 or '74, Vol. 7, 36.) William Lee bought of William 

No. 23. (1774, Vol. 2, 538.) William Lee to Daniel Clark, Lot. No. 36- 

No. 24. (Vol. 2, 249.) Osgood Carleton from David Badger. 

No. 25. (Vol. 2, 259.) Osgood Carleton from Benjamin Cram. 

No. 26. (1779, Vol. 8, 24.) Mr. Lee sold to James Boutwell, part of 
Lot 66, 2nd. Div. 

No. 27. (1779, April 20.) William Lee and Sarah his wife, to Nathan 
Parsons. W. D. of Lot No. 66, 2nd. Division. 

No. 28. (1795, March 30, Vol. 35, p. 464.) John Grant bought of John 
Blaisdell in 1795, and on the 30. of March 1795, bought of Samuel 
Parker i-i4th part of all the common lands. 


No. 29. (1788, May 29, Vol. 20, p. 336.) Thomas Boffee, to Amos 
Whittemore and David Putnam, all gentlemen, and of Lyndeborough, in 
consideration of 174^. L. M., a tract of land containing about 150 acres, 
a part of 2nd. Div. Lots No. 68, 59 and 60. (Vol. 20, p. 337.) The same 
premises, on same date deeded by John Gowen, of Wilmington, Mass., 
to Thomas Boffee. 

No. 30. (1785, May 2, Vol. 20, p. 100.) Aaron Putnam to David Put- 
nam in consideration of 250^. parts of 2nd. Div. Lots No. 41 and 44. 

No. 31. (1775, March 14, Vol. 6, 116.) Deacon Ephraim Putnam to 
David Putnam in consideration of 6o. L. M. 2nd Div. Lot No. 50, con- 
taining 130 acres more or less. Sworn to before Andrew Fuller. J. P. 

No. 32. (1786, January 7, Vol. 20, p. 101. Nathan Hasseltine to David 
Putnam in consideration of $. a tract of about 3 acres, being a part of 
2nd. Div. Lot No. 30. 

No. 33. (1787, September 5, Vol. 20, p. 102.) John Putnam of 
Lyndeborough to David Putnam in consideration of 12 a tract of land 
being a part of Lot No. 41 in the 2nd. Division. 

No. 34. (1789, February 9, Vol. 24, p. 99.) John Putnam to David 
Putnam in consideration of 100^". a part of Lots No. 41 and 44, 2nd 

No. 35. (1789, October 30, Vol. 24, p. 96.) Stephen Goodhue of 
Salem, Mass., to David Putnam of Lyndeborough, in consideration of 
45/. L. M. all that part of 2nd. Div. Lot No. 43, which our late father, 
Benjamin Goodhue, did not sell to Moses Stiles. 

No. 36. (1813, August 30.) David Putnam to David Putnam, Jr., in 
consideration of Eight Hundred Dollars, three tracts of land containing 
60 acres, duly described. Attested and acknowledged, Jan. 5th, 1814, in 
presence of Daniel Putnam, Justice of Peace. 


No. 37. (1818, December i, Vol. i, 124, p. 423.) David Putnam, Jr., to 
David Putnam, Mortgage Deed, &c. 

This was in consideration of property of his parents valued at one 
thousand Dollars deeded to him on certain conditions which he accepted 
and pledged himself to fulfill, involving their support during their 
natural life. The father died within two years, and the mother did not 
survive very long. 

No. 38. (1815, May 19, Vol. 107, p. 592.) Ephraim Putnam Jr. of 
Lyndeborough, to David Putnam Jr., in consideration of $75, a tract of 
land 48 by 50 rods of Lot No. 45, in the Second division. 

No. 39. (1816, November 12, Vol. 119, p. 571.) Ephraim Putnam Jr. 
of Lyndeborough, to David Putnam, Jr., of Lyndeborough, in consider- 
ation of $35, a tract of land on the east side of second division lot No. 45, 
adjoining on the north the land sold to him as by preceding deed 38, 
forty-eight rods by twenty- seven. 

No. 40. (1818, August 22, Vol. 121, p. 51.) Ephraim Putnam Jr. 
to David Putnam Jr., both of Lyndeborough, a tract of land 48 rods wide 
extending north about 65 rods, being the northeasterly part of second 
division lot No. 45, consideration $60. 

No. 41. (1820, March 24, Vol. 126, p. 408.) Timothy Putnam to David 
Putnam Jr., both of Lyndeborough, portions of second division lots No. 41 
and 44, situated mainly west of the road leading from Daniel Putnam's to 
the meeting-house. Consideration $1000. Witnesses Abigail Putnam, 
Sarah Clark. 

(Mrs. 'Richard's Papers) 

No. 42. (1820, August 12, Vol. 128, p. 533.) Jonathan and Sarah 
(Putnam) Clark of Lyndeborough, in consideration of $100, paid by 
Abigail Putnam, quit-claim to her &c. all right and title to "property 
which our honored father, David Putnam, died possest of," (viz.) all our 
right to the saw and grist mills, together with about three acres of land 
adjoining said grist mill bounded as follows : South by the stream on 
which said mill stands ; west, by land of Pierce and Marshall north, by 
land of David Putnam ; east, by land of Jonathan Town. 
Mrs. E. H. Putnam's papers. 

No. 43. (July 25, 1838, Vol. 198, p. i.) John Carlton of Lyndeborough 
to Mariah Putnam of Lowell, Mass., part of second division lot No. 41, 
estimated about 70 acres, together with the buildings thereon, consider- 
ation $1500. 

This deed states that John F. Holt owned land once the property of 
Daniel Chamberlain ; that Henry Cram's land adjoined the graveyard ; 
that Joshua Sargent's land was north from the corner of Harvey Holt's 
land ; and that there were two mill privileges in the tract, one improved 
by Uriah Cram and Israel Putnam, and the other deeded to Henry and 
James Cram. 

The above deed was witnessed by Israel Fuller, Jr., and Lewis Cram ; 
it was signed by John Carlton and Miriam, wife of John Carlton. 



Directly opposite the house of J. H. Goodrich at North 
L,yndeborough was the pottery of Peter Clark and John South- 

A little to the north of this is the cellar-hole of the South- 
wick house. 

In the southwest corner of the same field was a blacksmith 
shop kept by one, Peabody. 

A little to the east of this site is the cellar-hole of Peabody 's 

On the road a little to the east of the Peabody cellar-hole is 
the site of the Union L,ecture house. 

Still farther east is the cellar-hole where Dea. Peter Clark's 
house stood. This is on the town line. 

Opposite the house of John H. Goodrich was once a tan-yard 
owned by Paul Atwood. 

A little to the south of this tan-yard was the blacksmith shop 
of Jonathan Thayer. 

James McCauley once occupied a house on the south end of 
John H. Goodrich's buildings. This house was bought by 
Phineas C. Kidder and is now the house owned by Frank 

Back of John H. Goodrich's house was once a potash shop 
owned by Benjamin Goodrich. 

North of John H. Goodrich's, on the turnpike, was the house 
of Daniel Holmes. 

West of the Holmes house was the house of Jotham Searles. 

Near the house of Horace D. Gage is the cellar-hole of the 
house of Isaiah Parker. 

East of the cemetery at North L,yndeborough is the cellar- 
hole of the house of Ruth Senter. 

On land of ~L,evi P. Bailey is the cellar-hole of Benjamin Sen- 
ter's house. 

On land of D. B. Whittemore, near the old road by Harry 
Richardson's, is the cellar-hole of the house of Jotham Wilkins. 


On the road from L,. P. Bailey's to the centre was a mill, on 
Cold Brook, owned by Capt. Ebenezer Flint. 

On the hill west of the schoolhouse in District No. 4 was a 
log-house. This hill now goes by the name of L,og-House hill. 

Opposite Irwin D. Wilder's barn was once the house of 
Thomas Boardman. 

On top of the hill west of Irwin D. Wilder's was the black- 
smith shop of Charles Whitmarsh. His house stood opposite. 
This was moved later to where the house of D. E. Proctor 
now is. 

South of the old Proctor place is the cellar-hole of the house 
of John Proctor. This is on the side of the mountain, and he 
is supposed to have been the first settler there. 

A cellar-hole near where the John Proctor house stood is 
where Seth Allen once lived. 

On the Needham place is the cellar-hole of the house of Ben- 
jamin Bullock. 

Near where D. B. Whittemore lives was the house of Jona- 
than Whittemore. 

Near the No. 8 schoolhouse was a house once occupied by 
the workmen of Benjamin Jones. To the west of No. 8 school- 
house up the hill was the Oliver Whiting farm ; the buildings 
now entirely removed. 

Still farther west was the Dea. Samuel Houston place. The 
building site is marked by two rows of Lombardy poplars, some 
of them of great age. 

South of this place about a quarter of a mile is the old Reu- 
ben Button homestead. Reuben's son Benjamin also lived 
there. Benjamin's widow was the last occupant, and the build- 
ings were torn down soon after she left. 

East of the Button place is the old Woodward homestead. 
Baniel Woodward was there as early as 1800, and at that time 
there was an old house on the side of the road opposite where 
he built the brick house. Sumner French was the last occu- 
pant. House burned. 

A few rods east of the Woodward place was where Ira Hous- 
ton lived. It was from here that he emigrated to the West. 

North of the Ira Houston place, in a pasture, is the site of 
the house where Capt. L,evi Spaulding of Revolutionary fame 

Between the Hill place and B. B. Whittemore's was the house 
of Samuel Whittemore. 


Just west of Harry Richardson's is a cellar-hole, owner un- 
known. Robert B. Osgood lived there in 1860. 

Not many rods north of Frank B. Tay's is the site of the old 
District No. i schoolhouse. It was on the east side of the road. 

South of where Charles D. Riley lives was a cellar-hole ; owner 
unknown. Grannie McMaster is said to have last occupied the 

There is a cellar-hole in Everett Hutchinson's pasture ; former 
owner unknown. 

Cellar-hole on George W. Parker's place. Warren Damon 
occupied the premises once. House burned. 

Cellar-hole in the Fitch pasture. Mollie Curtis lived in the 
house that stood there. 

Cellar-hole of the house of Joseph Melendy. House burned 
July 4, 1879. 

There is a cellar-hole on land of Harvey Perham heirs. The 
house was once occupied by lizzie Bevins. 

Cellar-hole on the place known as the " Creesy " place, near 
H. H. Joslin's. 

Cellar-hole in the Cummings' pasture on Winn mountain. 
Occupants unknown. There is a tradition that one of them 
found money in a tea-kettle secreted on the premises, and appro- 
priating it, left for parts unknown. 

Cellar hole on the road to Greenfield, past the Pinnacle house. 
Known as the Joslin place. Oscar Joslin last occupant. 

Cellar-hole on land of E. C. Curtis, near the foot of the hill, 
on what was an old road from where he lives to the Johnson 
Corner road. 

Cellar-hole on the road south of where Wm. Richardson lived. 
Eli Curtis lived there. 

Cellar-hole on the road past Luther Cram's place, known as 
the Ellingwood place. 

Cellar-hole on the road from Foster Woodward's corner to the 
Annie Fish place. Charles P. Cummings last occupant. Known 
as the Israel Cram place. 

On same road, cellar-hole on land of Andy Holt. Stiles last 

Cellar-hole on Rose mountain, where James Grant lived. 
David C. Grant born there. 

Cellar-hole on Rose mountain, where Abram Rose settled. 

About twenty rods south of the David Holt place was where 
David Stratton built a house, said to have been the seventh 


framed house built in town. This house was moved to near 
where the present buildings stand, and many years ago was 
torn down. 

Oliver Holt built a house in what is now land of E.G. Her- 
rick's. Known as the Holt field. It stood near the brook. 

Cellar-hole on road from the Ryerson place to No. 5 school- 
house, where Samuel Hodgeman lived and where he was killed 
by lightning. He was the last occupant. 

Cellar-hole south of the Hodgeman place. A man named 
Stiles once lived there. 

Cellar-hole about 20 rods north of Hodgeman 's place. Upton 
said to have lived there. 

Foster Woodward was the last occupant of a house that stood 
near where Joseph Blanchard's barn stands. Samuel Wood- 
ward lived near by. The railroad passed through the site. 

West of where Brandy Brook crosses the road to the Centre 
was once a dwelling. Ruins of the old stone fire-place still to 
be found. The builder or occupants are unknown. This is on 
land of Joseph Blanchard. On land of Moses Fuller, between 
Rose Mountain and the Pinnacle, is the site of a set of build- 
ings. One or two old apple trees still stand there. A man 
named Hardy once lived there. Further to the north on the 
old road or bridle-path to the Button place over Rose Mountain 
is the site of the Starrett place. The Rose place, the Grant 
place and the two places just mentioned are all that can be 
traced of the farms on Rose Mountain. The situation of all 
these farms is about as bleak as any that can be found in town. 
It would be interesting to know just why these settlers chose 
such exposed places for homes. 

On the Forest road northeast of Winn Mountain is the cellar- 
hole where John Woodward settled. Jotham Stephenson after- 
ward lived there, last occupant unknown. 

On Woodward hill, so called, Joseph Putnam lived and the 
old cellar-hole may still be seen. 

Further along this road on Woodward hill was where Samuel 
Woodward lived and where his children were born. The cellar- 
hole may still be seen. North of Samuel Woodward's place 
was the land of Eleazer Woodward, on which were buildings. 
He never lived there but used to cut the hay on the place, and 
send some of his boys there to feed it out in the winter to stock 
kept there, the boys boarding themselves. Israel Woodward 
used to say that the wolves used to come around nights and 


howl, and sometimes they were obliged to sit up all night to 
protect the sheep. 

In the Johnson corner district, on the road to Purgatory falls, 
is the cellar-hole where Mark Morgan had a house. 

Further on is the cellar-hole where the Towns family lived, 
father and son. 

Still farther to the east is a cellar-hole where a man named 
Curtis lived. Said to be no relation to the Curtis families in 
town at present. 

On the road to New Boston, in what was a part of Lynde- 
borough since set off into Mont Vernon, is the cellar-hole 
where Amos Pearsons lived. 

Next north is the cellar-hole where John Stearns, father of 
Daniel, Seth and John, lived. 

Further on is the cellar-hole where Mr. Chamberlain lived. 

Next is the cellar-hole where Ephraim Kidder lived. 

Next is the site of the John Rand house. 

Next is the site of the Edgar Rand house. 

And last is the cellar-hole where Oliver Senter lived. 

On the old road towards Milford is the cellar-hole where John 
Carson lived. 

Still farther southeast is the cellar-hole where L,evi Curtis 

In that section of the town is a cellar-hole in what is called 
the Buxton pasture. Occupant unknown. 

Between the Haggett place and the brook is the cellar-hole 
where David Butterfield had a house. 

West of the Rose place is the site of the house where James 
Marshall lived. There was formerly a road running west from 
the Rose place to the present South L,yndeborough road. The 
Marshall place was on this road. 

Further west was the site of the William Abbott house. 

At the foot of the hill west of the Boutwell place is a cellar- 
hole. Who first built there is unknown. Adoniram Wood- 
ward, David Cram and many other families once lived there. 



A citizen well acquainted with all parts of the town has often 
said that there are, it seems to him, more old cellar-holes in the 
town than there are inhabited dwellings. Be that as it may, 
we find several such ruins near South Lyndeborough, which 
invite a passing notice. 

1. On the farm once owned by Ephraim Putnam, the first 
of that name in town, was an old cellar, of which the oldest 
citizens of three generations ago could give no satisfactory ac- 
count. David Putnam, Jr., who was about eighty years old 
when he died, knew nothing of its origin or owner. It was then 
on Dea. John Hartshorn's land about thirty rods south of his 
house. In cultivating the field the cellar has been filled up, 
and no trace of it is now visible, though it is well remembered. 

2. The old cellar of Ephraim Putnam's house, last occupied 
by Capt. Israel Putnam, is on land now owned by Mrs. E. H. 
Putnam, at the corner of the field, nearly opposite the summer 
cottage of Mr. Lawrence of Cambridge, Mass. The house which 
stood over this cellar was torn down July 23, 1883. Its lower 
story was found to be lined with brick between the boards and 
the lathing. The brick were doubtless used in this way as a 
defense against the bullets of hostile savages in colonial days. 
The house was two stories high in front, while the rear roof 
was like that of a shed, leaving the back of the house but one 
story, and sometimes low at that. Mr. A. S. Conant, the car- 
penter who took down the frame, vouches for the brick lining. 

3. There is at present no indication of a cellar on the spot, 
where, according to the Wilton History,* Nathan Hesselton, 
Jr., was born. The buildings of the glass factory covered the 
spot, as vouched for by the late David Putnam. 

4. It would be a satisfaction if we could as readily name his 
neighbor, who lived about thirty rods to the southwest. In the 
pasture now owned by H. E. Emery is a cellar concerning 
which little more can be learned than its existence. It was 
east of the road which led from the saw-mill of Nathaniel Put- 
nam to the original center of the town. The lane which led to 
this place crossed the Mill Brook by a bridge whose abutments 
are still in a good state of preservation. One tradition is that a 
man named Wilkins lived there. Southeast of this cellar are 

*Page 401. 


two circular spaces whose rims are slightly elevated above the 
common level.* These circles show that some one used mattock 
or spade in the days of their construction. The circles are 
about 30 feet in diameter. The lot in which these remains are 
found was Second Division lot No. 30, and belonged to the 
original proprietor, Joseph Blaney ; and a part of this lot was 
sold to Hesselton. (See Deeds of David Putnam, No. 32.) 

5. On the old road to Wilton Center, which after crossing 
the Bradford bridge, west of South Lyndeborough, turned 
abruptly to the left, passing through land now owned by W. N. 
Cheever, lived a few families who cannot well be ignored. 
About forty rods southwest of the abrupt turn above mentioned 
is an old cellar which might easily escape notice, if not specially 
pointed out. This marks the spot where lived William Abbott, 
grandfather of our townsman, W. H. Abbott, and also, maternal 
grandfather of Mr. John C. Carkin. 

6. Following this road nearly a south course, up a very steep 
hill, a person comes to the line fence between William Blaney 
and Jonathan Chamberlain, Jr., which line the road follows 
over into Wilton. On the east side of this road on a spot com- 
manding a fine view east and northeast, a century ago stood the 
dwelling of Capt. William Blaney. The old apple trees and 
the walls of his fields and garden and the ruins of the cellar all 
indicate a once finely cultivated farm. His title of captain is 
said to have come from following the sea. 

7. Westward from this site, stood the home of Jonathan 
Chamberlain, Jr.; and the ruins of the cellar are on an elevation 
from which he could look across a little valley to the home of 
his father-in-law, Benjamin Cram, Jr., the place now occupied 
by Mr. Frank Winn. 

8. Turning southwest from the residence of Frank Winn a 
road down the little valley about an eighth of a mile comes to 
the old cellar on the south side of the road, over which was the 
house of Mr. Jacob Woodward, owned recently by his son Jacob 
Newton Woodward. 

9. West of this last mentioned cellar, is that of Jacob Das- 
comb, once prominent in town affairs, having served four years 
as town clerk, 1798 to 1802, and said to have been a Revolu- 
tionary soldier of the Massachusetts line. He was father-in- 
law of Col. Timothy Putnam. 

10. On the old road, a short distance east of Mr. Rufus Cham- 

* A suggestion is that these may have been coal pits, where charcoal was burned. 


berlain's is the old cellar of Mr. Amos Wilkins's house. It is 
near the northwest corner of land now owned by Mr. W. N. 

11. Still farther east on the same road, and also on land of 
the same owner, is the cellar of Thomas Lakin's house. It is 
on the south side of the road. 

12. About as far east from the Thomas Lakin cellar as that is 
from Amos Wilkins's, is the cellar of Moses Stiles, one of the 
very early settlers. He married Phebe Cram, the sister of 
Elizabeth, wife of Jonathan Chamberlain, Sr. The cellar is on 
the land of Mr. Rufus Chamberlain, and owned perhaps by his 
ancestor, Jonathan, in Moses Stiles' day. The cellar is on the 
north side of the old road, between it and the road which passes 
the cemetery. Mrs. Stiles was a daughter of John Cram, the 
first settler. 

13. As far east of the Stiles place as the latter is of the 
Thomas L,akin place is the cellar of Abel L,akin a brother of 
Thomas. It was in Abel's barn, which caught fire while he 
was attending an ordination in Mont Vernon, in 1809, that his 
two children and one of his brother's perished in the flames. 
The farm now is owned by Mr. W. H. Abbott. 

14. In Emery Holt's pasture sixty rods or more southeast of 
his house is evidently a very old cellar. None of our citizens 
have now any knowledge of its builder. 

15. There is also in what is called the Burton pasture, on the 
west side of the Wilton road, a very ancient cellar. The 
person who lived there is unknown to the present generation, 
though the land on which it stands is now Mr. W. A. Burton's, 
and has been Burton property for several generations. 



In the absence of all records, it would be hard to deter- 
mine which of the burial places in town was the first. From 
the fact that the first settlements in Salein-Canada were made 
on and near Putnam Hill, one would be led to infer that the 
South cemetery was most likely the first to be laid out. On the 
knoll where the pine trees stand in this yard is the grave of 
Sarah, wife of Lieut. Thomas Boffee, and the headstone bearing 
the date of Sept. 9, 1772. 

In the cemetery at Johnson's Corner is the grave of Aaron 
Carkin, the headstone giving the date of his death as Nov. 19, 
1777. In the cemetery at the "Centre " is the grave of George 
Gould, the date of whose death is Apr. 29, 1783. 

These dates would indicate that there was probably but few 
years difference in the time of the laying out of these three 
yards. Tradition says that most of the first burials in town 
were those of children, the exposure and privations of pioneer 
life making the mortality among infants large. Who was the 
first adult to be buried in any of the cemeteries in town is, to 
the writer, unknown, and there are no records and no tradi- 
tions to tell. John Badger was the first within the limits of 
Salem-Canada without doubt. 

It was not the custom of those early days to arrange the 
burial places with the ultimate view of beautifying and adorn- 
ing them. Neither can it be learned that any lots were sold, 
each family selecting such a lot as it desired. 

The mountains and hills, and the rugged character of the 
land of the town, made it inconvenient for the early settlers to 
have one central cemetery, and so the places of sepulture were 
located so as to be convenient for the various communities. In 
many towns of the state the cemetery adjoined the church, and 
the cemetery at the " Centre " was probably located as near the 
church as the nature of the ground would permit. 

The older headstones in all the yards are of slate, a material 
which seems to withstand the corroding effects of weather 
rather better than granite or marble, though some of those old 


headstones are so covered with lichens and moss, as to make it 
difficult to decipher the inscriptions. 

There are several out of the way places in the town where 
the dead have been buried. One is in the northwest corner of 
the field back of the house of Moses C. Fuller. Some of the 
members of the Chamberlain family are buried there. 

There is a tradition that there are graves on a knoll east of 
the old town farm, though there is nothing now to show such 
to be a fact. Dr. Bartlett is buried on "Crooked S. Hill." 
His story is told elsewhere. 


This was land taken from the farm of Amos Wilkins, the first 
settler on what is best known now as the Kilburn S. Curtis 
place. There are no records to show whether the land was 
bought or donated for the purpose. The town has kept the 
walls in repair and cared for the grounds to some extent, but it 
was never deeded to the public. Here lie many of the first set- 
tlers of that section of the town, the Wellmans, Carkins, Man- 
nings, Perkinses, Clarks and others who were the pioneers in 
that vicinity. 

The cemetery on the Forest road near the Benjamin Crosby 
place is a private yard controlled by the Butler, Stephenson and 
Crosby families. It is said that a man named Thompson, who 
died of the small pox, was the first man buried there. 


The first plot of land appropriated for this burial place con- 
tained one half acre. Who was the first owner of the land can- 
not now be told ; most probably one of the Cram family, perhaps 
John Cram, the first settler of the town.* There are no writings 
to show when it was first set apart as a burial place for the dead, 
but it must have been very early in the history of the town. In 
comparatively recent years Peter Cram gave a deed of the bal- 
ance of the land, that is, more than a half acre, to Joel H. Tar- 
bell and Timothy T. Putnam and their associates, and by them 
it was deeded to the town. About the same time this deed to 
the town was given, Rufus Chamberlain gave a deed to the 
town of a strip of land on the south side of the yard, on condi- 
tion that the town build a good wall next the road. This condi- 
tion was accepted and the wall built. On this strip stands the 

* Joseph Blaney, Esq. who drew home Lot No. 3, drew also and. Div. Lot 41, and was 
the first owner. See Schedule, p. 53, and also old deed No. 2, p. 482. John Cram bought 
of Blaney, and was first settler. 


monument erected to the memory of the soldier dead of the civil 

Some of the Revolutionary soldiers are buried in this yard, 
Lieut. Jeremiah Carleton, Abram Rose, the Boffee family, many 
of them, and the Putnams, Crams and Chamberlains, of the 
early settlers. 


Daniel Whittemore came into possession of his lot of land in 
1770. Lot No. 124 was deeded to him April 28 of that year, 
Benj. Goodhue being the grantor. Mr. Whittemore died in 
1776 and was the first one buried in this little cemetery, and all 
of his descendants who have died in town have been buried 
there. There is strong evidence that some fifteen or twenty out- 
side that family have also been interred there, among them 
Capt. Nathaniel Bachelder. 

Daniel B. Whittemore, the great-grandson of the Daniel be- 
fore mentioned, says that "most of the families in this vicinity 
buried their dead there previous to the establishment of the 
cemetery at the Goodrich corner, ' ' and that ' ' this lot was dis- 
carded largely on account of the difficulty of digging graves, in 
consequence of there being so many large rocks in the soil. ' ' 


This burial place was probably established about the year 
1775, and was on land of Nathan Brown. While there is no 
deed showing the fact, the land was undoubtedly given by him 
to the community for a public cemetery. Sept. 15, 1869, Mr. 
Nathan Brown, of Roxbury, Mass., gave a deed of ninety-five 
rods of land as an addition to the old yard, and citizens of the 
vicinity gave money and labor to put in a fence and gate in this 
new part. In 1895 the town laid out over fifty dollars in build- 
ing wall and repairing old wall. 

The oldest gravestone bears the date of May 8, 1793, but Mrs. 
Benj. Punchard, who died in 1775, was buried there. The 
headstone of Eliphalet Senter was made of a common boulder, 
and the inscription was cut out by some member of the family 
and is dated 1793. This must be the first instance of what is 
now so common a practice, that of selecting a large granite 
boulder as a monument. 

It is here that the Punchards, Bullocks, Gardners, Browns, 
Kppeses, Seuters, Boardmans, Whitmarshes, Proctors, Atwoods, 
of the older settlers of this part of the town are buried. Many 


of the Lewis family are buried here also, and there is a record 
of Mr. Eppes' negro, Jennie, being buried here. Whether she 
was a slave or not is not now known. 


This cemetery was probably established when this section of 
the town was known as Bevins' Corner, but alas ! like all the 
others, it has no records to aid the historian, and its age as a 
burial place goes beyond the memory of the oldest inhabitant. 
There were graves there which time had almost obliterated as 
early as 1820. 

The oldest headstone is dated about 1790. It must have been 
a public yard from the beginning. 


There have been more burials at this yard than at any other in 
the town, but there is no deed to show how the town came into 
possession of the land, though tradition says the land was 
bought of James Boutwell. Probably a larger plot of land was 
bought than was needed for there are records to show that the 
town sold part of the land back to Mr. Boutwell. 

Some hold to the tradition that the land was part of the 
" common land" over which the town and Mr. Daniel Gould 
had a controversy, but this is doubtful. 

The town has made a number of appropriations for keeping in 
repair the walls of this yard. The present iron gates were pre- 
sented by Mrs. Robert Hawthorne, formerly Miss Abby J. 
Boutwell. The gates and granite gateposts were put in place 
about 1892. 

The land was never laid out in lots, and the graves have in 
many instances been dug without regard to order. There is one 
central walk in the cemetery, curbed with granite, but nothing 
further to mark the boundaries of the lots, except in a few in- 
stances where the owners have improved and beautified them. 

It is in this yard that the Rev. Sewall Goodridge was buried, 
and many others of the Goodridge family ; George and Daniel 
Gould, and their wives ; Capt. William Barron and Olive, his 
wife ; Capt. Peter Clark, and many of his descendants ; Jacob 
Richardson, the first of the Richardson family to settle in the 
"middle of the town"; the Woodwards, Duttons, Holts, Hil- 
dreths, Dea. David Badger and Robert, his brother, the Had- 
leys, Fullers, Sargents, Boutwells, and many of the Jones 


family. These names of the early settlers, men and women of 
note and influence in their day, are recorded here. 

The easterly part of this cemetery is thickly crowded with 
graves, and many are in the westerly half, more in this part 
being unmarked by headstones. It is to be regretted that the 
cemetery was not laid out with well defined walks. Sloping 
towards the setting sun it might have been made a beautiful 
burial place, with the range of mountains in view toward the 
west, which in life the sleepers loved so well. 


This is situated just north of the No. 5 schoolhouse. The 
land was donated by Mr. John Dolliver, and the first burials 
there were those of Mr. Dolliver's first wife and Samuel Hodge- 
man. They were interred there the same day. This was in 

This cemetery is like most of the other burial places in that 
the town has no deed of the land, but has assumed the care 
of it. 

There is also an old burial lot near the old Dolliver place 
where many persons were buried. There is said to be but one 
headstone standing, that erected to the memory of one of the 
Blaney family. Many of the other headstones were of slate and 
are now broken in pieces. No record or tradition can be gath- 
ered now in relation to this yard, but it must have been one of 
the first places of sepulture in town. 



The village now known as South L,yndeborough was, previ- 
ous to 1830, called Putnam Corner. The name was given in 
consequence of the number of Putnam families who dwelt in this 
part of the town. At the date mentioned above, there were but 
five dwellings in the place, although authorities differ a little as 
to this. The places named were the residence of Daniel Putnam, 
Esq., now the parsonage; the residence of Ephraim Putnam, 
3rd, the father of Captain Eleazer Putnam ; the building which 
was then the residence of Mr. Ebenezer Pearson, later changed 
to a tavern ; the house of Mr. John Putnam and his sister, both 
unmarried ; and the house which stood where the cottage of 
Mrs. Dorcas A. Holt now stands. 

The second of the houses here named used to stand a few rods 
north of the present residence of Mr. W. P. Steele, and the old 
cellar of it is covered by the railroad. The house was removed 
across the road to the site now occupied by Tarbell's store and 
was used as a store by William Holt for a time, who was the 
first merchant in South L,yndeborough. It was afterwards 
moved across the street to the place where the R. R. Station 
now stands. It was again removed and now stands as the dwell- 
ing of Mr. Ward N. Cheever. 

Mr. Ebenezer Pearson, a shoemaker, lived then where Mr. 
Andy Holt now lives, but in the old house which was en- 
larged and changed finally to its present form and proportions. 
Mr. Pearson's shoe shop was near the ground on which the 
B. & M. freight house now stands, but a little north of it. He 
was the father-in-law of Mr. Ephraim Putnam whose home was 
where Mr. Pettingill now lives. Mr. Pearson removed to 
where Mr. A. T. Ford now lives, a place not included in the 
forementioned five houses. His son-in-law, Ephraim Putnam 
then took the Pearson house, enlarged it, raised its roof, remod- 
elled it and fitted it for a hotel about 1835. It was then called 
" The Forest House," probably in honor of the " Forest Road," 
recently built. Its first landlord was John J. Martin, who kept 


it only a short time. Mr. E. B. Crocker of Amherst was his 
successor, and also stayed but a short time. 

January 15, 1839, Mr. Joel H. Tarbell married Esther, the 
daughter of Mr. Ephraim Putnam, and they commenced life in 
the hotel, and conducted the house nearly fifteen years. Soon 
after becoming landlord he was appointed postmaster ; and he 
kept both the post-office and a country store in that building. 
Later he bought the stock of merchandise of Mr. Oilman P. 
Fletcher, who had been trading here but a short time, and he 
afterward built a new store. He continued in trade till 1857, 
and retained possession of the hotel. About that time he sold 
his new store and stock to Mr. William W. Young of Chelsea, 
Mass., and for several years after that devoted himself to farm- 
ing on the homestead of his father-in-law. 

Among the later occupants of the hotel was Mr. William Tar- 
bell, a brother of the owner, who kept it but a short time. Its 
proprietor was dissatisfied with its management, and, it is said, 
took down the tavern sign. 

After Mr. William Tarbell withdrew, the Shattuck brothers, 
cousins of the Tarbells, tried the business for a little while, but 
gave it up. 

After that the house became for several years a tenement 
house, in which the families of Mr. John Emery, Mr. Charles 
Tarbell (half brother of owner), Mr. John Gage and Mr. John 
Woodward found a temporary home. 

Mr. Hiram Tarbell, another half brother, afterwards tried 
keeping it as a tavern, and gave quite an elaborate opening ban- 
quet. But the business proved insufficient to support the house, 
and its occupant retired after two months. 

Mrs. E. P. Wallace conducted it as a boarding house for sev- 
eral years after that ; and her house was well patronized and 
had many summer guests. Her daughter, Miss C. M. Wallace, 
assisted her mother in its management, was a talented lady, a 
graceful elocutionist, and much sought as a reader. She was 
also a successful teacher, and in 1878 was chosen superintending 
committee of schools. Mrs. Wallace's house was called by the 
city people, "The Pine Grove House," on account of its 
' ' proximity " as a writer of those days expressed it, ' ' to three 
delightful pine groves." Her health failed and she left the 

The house was kept after that as a summer boarding house for 
a few years by Mrs. E. M. Swasey, and its last manager as such 


was Mrs. M. J. Curtis. Mr. Tarbell was interested always in 
its orderliness and success, and in its last years as boarding- 
house, its guests overflowed all its accommodations, many find- 
ing lodgings in the vicinity and taking meals at its tables. 

The place was sold to Mr. I,. P. Hadley in 1888, and has 
since been used chiefly as a farmhouse. Owing to the sudden 
decease of L,. P. Hadley Dec. 28, 1902, the place was for sale 
and Mr. Andy Holt bought it in 1904, occupies it, and has 
added furnace heating, bath room and other modern improve- 
ments. It is pleasantly situated, near the railroad station, post- 
office, store and the Baptist church. The reporter above re- 
ferred to wrote, " A piazza, surrounds the house, and a huge ash 
tree said to be a hundred years of age gives it a splendid shade 
on a summer's day." 

The fourth house of those mentioned was the home of Mr. 
John Putnam and his sister Betsey, familiarly called Uncle John 
and Aunt Betsey ; it stood where W. S. Tarbell's house now 
stands. The main part of the house was taken down, and the 
ell was removed down the hill westward, and formed a part of 
the house lately vacated by Mr. Andy Cram. The house of 
W. S. Tarbell was built by the late Mr. Byron Stacey, son-in- 
law of Mr. J. H. Tarbell. After Mr. Stacey's death it was 
purchased by Mr. C. F. Tarbell, and became Mr. Walter Tar- 
bell's by inheritance. 

The fifth house of those mentioned was that which was oc- 
cupied by Solomon Cram, a blacksmith, who came here from 
Roxbury, Vermont, about 1829. The house stood on the spot 
now occupied by Mrs. Dorcas A. Holt's cottage. He built the 
blacksmith shop, the first in the village, which is now carried 
on by Ward N. Cheever. This was the only such shop in the 
place till about ten years ago, W. H. Abbott built his shop, and 
about two years ago, Herbert A. Cheever built his. 

In addition to these five, we may now notice the dwellings of 
more recent date. The house south of the railroad station on 
the Forest road, or main street, is Mr. William P. Steele's. It 
was built by his father-in-law, Captain Eleazer Putnam, about 
1830, and was bequeathed to his daughter, Adeline, who is 
Mrs. Steele. Many transient visitors to this village find here 
homelike accommodations. 

Opposite this is the house so long the home of the late C. 
Henry Holt, postmaster about twenty-four years, where he 
kept the post office. The house was built by Dr. Jonas 


Wheeler, whose daughter, Mary A., was the first Mrs. C. H. 
Holt. It is now the home of Mr. T. M. Beal, who married 
Miss Ardella, eldest daughter of Mr. C. Henry Holt. This 
house and grounds became her portion of her father's estate. 

The adjoining place on the south is the home of Mrs. Dorcas 
A. Holt, widow of George Washington Holt, who was for a 
brief period a merchant in this village. The house is open 
more in the summer, as a resort for her relatives and her son's 
family, who here seek summer rest and recuperation. 

South of this and opposite the blacksmith shop is the house 
owned and occupied several years by Mrs. W. H. Abbott. It 
was built by Mr. Joseph H. Ford. Here dwelt, for a time, 
Rev. Mr. Hussey, the Universalist minister, who preached to 
the believers in universal salvation, and occupied the Baptist 
meeting-house a portion of the time, for religious services. It 
was also the home of Mr. Jeremiah Hartshorn, and of his 
widow, Aunt Ruby, and of Harriet Russell, and of Mrs. 
Abigail, widow of Capt. Israel Putnam. It was for many 
years the property of Mr. J. H. Tarbell, who made to it the 
addition of the two-story part nearest the street. 

The next house on the street going south is Mr. W. N. 
Cheever's, already described as that of Ephraim Putnam, 3rd., 
removed from its former foundation when the house of Capt. 
Eleazer Putnam was built, for a time used as a store, the first in 
the village, and later removed to its present place. Mr. Cheever 
has lived here since 1861, when he came from I^unenburg, 

A few rods south of this, across the street, is the house of 
Mrs. Martha M., widow of the late Charles M. Butler. The 
main part of her house used to stand with side facing the street. 
At that time it contained a shoemaker's shop, and also a little 
store, which were kept by Mr. John J. Martin, a former land- 
lord of " The Forest House." 

The ell of this house had previously been a separate build- 
ing, and contained a basement part. In this lived Mrs. David 
Gage and her mother for a time ; and here, also, Mrs. Ephraim 
Hildreth Putnam spent her last days. 

Very close to this on the south is the residence of J. A. 
Johnson, Esq. The house was built by Mr. Francis Johnson, 
father of its present owner, is adapted for two families, and is 
occupied by both Mr. Johnson, himself, and his son-in-law, Mr. 
Frank J. Bishop. 


South of this, and on the other side of the street, is a new 
house, built in 1903, by Herbert A. Cheever, who learned the 
blacksmith business from his father, worked for him several 
years, and is now occupying a shop independently. His shop 
is near his house. 

Nearly opposite the shop last named is the dwelling of W. 
H. Cheever, brother of Herbert. He bought a small building 
and lived in it a few years, and built later the two-story part, 
using the old part as the ell. He has now a pleasant, comfort- 
able home. 

Still farther south and across the street is the home of Mr. 
John C. Carkin, who is employed by D. Whiting & Co., and 
has charge of the milk-house, and of their grain and feed sup- 
plies. The house was built in 1857 by Mrs. David Gage, and 
was sold to Mr. Olney P. Butler about 1865, and purchased by 
Mr. Carkin from the heirs of Mr. Butler. 

On the same lot, a few rods south, is the old house in which 
John's father, Mr. David Carkin, lived several years. It is 
now owned by Fred Carkin, grandson of David, and second 
son of John. 

Nearly opposite the last-named house is that of Mr. Edwin 
Wilkerson. It was built by Mr. Olney P. Butler in company 
with Mr. Hiram F. Blood of Wilton. It was for several years 
the home of Mr. George Butler, Olney 's son, who sold it to 
Messrs. Byron Putnam and Walter S. Tarbell. Andrew J. 
Marshall occupied it a few years as tenant, after which it was 
purchased by its present owner. It has recently reverted to the 
Byron Putnam estate. 

The next house below, on the road towards Wilton, was 
built by the sons of Major William Richardson whose wife was 
a daughter of Squire Daniel Putnam. After their father's 
decease, the sons removed to Milford where the next station on 
the B. & M. railroad, west of Milford village, is named for 
them, "Richardson's." The house was afterwards rented to 
several families, among whom were Mr. Joseph Blanchard, Mrs. 
Colby, whose son, John Freeman Colby, Esq., of Boston and 
Mont Vernon, won distingushed honor in his profession.* 

* Here also lived Mr. Tidd whose daughter, a native of Lyndeborough, won great 
praise for her presence of mind a few years ago, as a teacher in Somerville, Mass. 
Discovering the great building in which she was teaching was on fire, she hastily but 
quietly informed the other teachers to arrange their scholars for fire drill, and got them 
all out, almost before they discovered any fire. None of the hundreds of pupils were 
injured, and her prompt action saved both the pupils and the building. The school 
board publicly thanked her afterwards for her heroic service. 


For the longest period in its history it has been the home of 
the Ross family, Mrs. Sarah Ross, widow of Samuel Ross, 
a veteran of the Civil War, and her children. It is now owned 
by Mrs. Clough of L/ynu, Mass., as a summer residence. 

The next house south, on the opposite side of the street, is 
that of Mr. George Ross, one of the fore-mentioned Ross 
family. It was built by Mr. Nathan Fish, the father of Mrs. 
Joseph Blanchard. It was the first house built by Mr. A. S. 
Conant, after learning his trade of house carpenter. 

The last house in I^yndeborough, on the direct road to 
Wilton, is Mr. James Colson's. It was built by Mr. Quincy 
Young, who sold it to Mr. Orin Cram. The latter willed it to 
his son Nelson, who sold it to Mr. Colson. In 1905 it was pur- 
chased by Miss Ellen B. Churchill. 

Before reaching Mr. Colson's house, a road turns to the left 
leading by where the glass factory used to stand. On this road 
the first house is that of Mr. George Winn, which he bought of 
Mr. Samuel Ross. This was used as a boarding house when 
the factory was in operation, and was managed by Mrs. Cutter, 
the mother-in-law of Samuel Ross, son of above named veteran. 

A little farther along, on the right hand, is the dwelling of Mr. 
Benjamin Joslin, R. F. D. carrier No. i. It was built by the 
late Mr. J. D. Putnam, agent, and apparent proprietor of the 
glass factory. After his decease the house was for a time 
occupied by his daughters, Misses Emma D. and Grace E. Put- 
nam. It was finally sold to Mr. George Butler, who improved 
the grounds, added the granite curbing, and, after making im- 
portant changes in and about the house itself, sold it to Mr. 
Joslin, its present occupant. 

Next to this on the same side of the road is a small house, 
formerly the office of the glass factory, which Mr. Willis H. 
Draper bought and changed to a dwelling, in which he lived 
several years. He removed to Nashua, and the house is now 
owned by Mr. J. Alonzo Carkin and occupied by his brother, 
Fred Carkin. 

Turning from the latter house towards the village again, the 
house on the right is Mr. Willie C. Carkin's, who sold it to Mr. 
Harry Draper, and recently bought it back and now occupies it. 

Continuing still towards the R. R. station, the house on the 
left is Mr. H. E. Emery's. It was built by his uncle, Morris 
M. Emery, who lived in it several years, and died in March, 
1886. His wife died in 1887, and the house became the prop- 


erty of his nephew above named, as the only male heir of the 
Emery family. 

Across the street, nearly opposite, is the house of Mrs. 
Sharpe, widow of the late Joseph Sharpe. The house was 
built by Mr. William Young, who lived in it a few years, then 
sold it to Mr. Sharpe, and removed to Manchester. 

The next house on the same side of the street is Mr. Milo 
Burton's. He is foreman on this section of the B. & M. rail- 
road. The house was built by the late J. H. Tarbell, Esq., 
about the year 1877. It was for years the property of Mr. 
Edward Hall, who repaired and made important changes in its 
interior, and later removed to Antrim. Mr. Burton bought it 
of Mr. Hall. 

Nearly opposite Mr. Burton's, across the street, is Mr. W. 
A. Barden's house. It was built by Mr. I,. P. Jensen, an 
active, worthy citizen, a member of the Congregational church, 
and for several years the efficient superintendent of the Baptist 
Sunday School. He was a carpenter by trade. In 1892, he 
sold his house to Mr. Barden, and removed with his family to 

Very close to Mr. Burton's house is that which was originally 
built on the same plan, and by the same person, J. H. Tarbell, 
Esq. It was for several years owned by Mr. Mullin, a glass 
worker, who, after the closing of the glass works here, removed 
to New York State. It was let a few years to Mr. A. J. 
Marshall ; afterwards, it was bought and occupied by Herbert 
A. Cheever, and after a few years, was sold to Mr. S. S. Harts- 
horn, its present owner. 

The next house across the way, and set back from the street, 
is that built and occupied by the late Mr. Byron Putnam. It 
is now the property of his adopted daughter, K. Frances Put- 
nam, who is now Mrs. James A. G. Putnam. 

Passing under the railroad bridge still west, the house on the 
right hand, reached by two sets of steps ascending the terraces, 
is the home of Mrs. Ann M., widow of the late John M. Emery. 
Mr. Emery was for many years a successful teacher of both 
vocal and instrumental music. He built the house, lived in it 
many years, and died in it Sept. 6, 1891. It was first a cottage 
of a story and a half ; but a few years ago bay windows were 
added, and an increased elevation of the front gave more room 
within, and gave the whole a finer appearance. 

The next place on the opposite side of the street, is the resi- 


dence of Mr. Albert S, Conant, a veteran of the Civil War, and 
a house carpenter, whose hands have been employed on many 
of the houses in our village. His dwelling has often accom- 
modated two families. Among its tenants were Charles H. 
Wilson, Mrs. George Bishop, Edward Hall, Mrs. Octavia Shedd, 
W. H. Cheever, Mrs. Letitia McGinley, W. H. Dolliver, 
Thomas Ross, J. A. Carkin, Miles Wallace, Hartwell Stephen- 
sou, Will Carkin, twice, Roy Burton, Frank Haley, Mrs. Addie 
M. Heath, W. H. Abbott, Dustin Wheeler, and John E. Dol- 
liver, twice. 

Nearly opposite Mr. Conant' s is the residence of Mrs. Fanny 
Putnam and her sisters, the Misses Clara and Harriet Brown. 
It was built by the late John Fletcher Holt, whose widow, 
Mary A. (Brown) Holt obtained a life lease of the place. The 
present occupants were her sisters, and were living with her 
when she died, Jan. 29, 1897. The place then became the 
property of Miss Flora M. Holt, grand-daughter of John 
Fletcher Holt, and was purchased from her by Mrs. Putnam, its 
present owner. 

We return again to the railroad station. The house was 
built by Mr. J. H. Tarbell as an armory for the Lafayette 
Artillery. It occupies a portion of the ground on which the 
Baptist meeting-house originally stood. Mr. Tarbell offered to 
give the Baptists the lot on which their meeting-house now 
stands for their old lot, and also agreed to assist them in mov- 
ing their house to its location. The offer was accepted, and 
the building now used as a railroad station was erected in 1863. 
When the Wilton railroad came through, Mr. Tarbell sold the 
place to the railr oad company. The building contains a tene- 
ment in which resides the station agent, Mr. E. A. Danforth, 
who has held his position about thirty years. Over the main 
part of the building is a hall, used by the Lafayette Artillery 
until Citizens' Hall was built. It was known as " armory hall." 

The next place north of the R. R. station is the Baptist 
meeting-house, described more fully in the history of the 

North of the Baptist meeting-house is a lane running east- 
ward, on the south side of which and directly in rear of the 
meeting-house is a building used as a storehouse by Mr. Everett 
Cram. On the north side of this lane are first several liorse- 
sheds. Then eastward is the residence of Mr. James Colson. 
The main part of the house was formerly a meat market, and 


stood across the street in front of W. H. Cheever's house. It 
was then the property of Mr. Albro Wilson, who sold it to Mr. 
Albert Cram and moved to Milford. Mr. Cram kept the market 
a short time, assisted by Mr. D. B. Sargent, after which he sold 
it to Mr. J. H. Tarbell, who moved it to its present location. 
He sold it again to Mr. Miles Wallace, who kept it himself, and 
let it to various persons, viz.: Roy Burton, Andrew Marshall, 
Jason Holt, and Will C. Carkin, who finally bought it, and 
changed it to a dwelling. Byron Putnam accepted security on 
the property and the ell was added by his co-operation. Mr. 
Carkin lived in it but a short time and moved to Nashua, when 
it came into Mr. Putnam's possession. After his death his 
heirs sold it at auction. It was bought by Mr. Milo Burton, 
who sold it to John Dolliver, who recently sold it to Mr. James 
Colson, its present occupant. 

The next house, near the pine grove, is Mr. Albert Cram's, 
who built it about the time that the railroad came into the place. 
Unable to get a lot on either of the thoroughfares, Mr. Joel H. 
Tarbell sold him the lot on which he built his home. His niece, 
Miss Irene Cram, was brought up by her uncle, and married 
Mr. Walter Patterson, and they have their home in Mr. Cram's 

The dwelling next north of the Baptist church is the so-called 
" brown cottage," now the home of Mrs. Edwin Swasey. The 
late Joel H. Tarbell gave Mrs. Swasey, his sister, the use of 
this property during her life. Mr. Tarbell bought one of the 
buildings which the R. R. company wished to dispose of, re- 
moved it to this location, and remodelled it into a dwelling 
house, having Mr. Albert Cram as mechanic. 

For a time Mr. Tarbell fitted up a small dry goods store in the 
front part of the house, and stocked it for his grand-daughter, 
Miss Minnie Stacey. But the business did not seem to pay, and 
so was soon given up. The rooms were again changed into 
living apartments, and were occupied a while by Mrs. E. C. 
Tarbell and son, Charles H.; and also, by Mr. Dustin Wheeler 
and J. A. Carkin. They are now the home of Mr. Roy N. 
Putnam, our postmaster. 

Passing by the ' ' Pine Grove House ' ' already described, and 
going toward Greenfield, less than half a mile from our post- 
office are four more dwellings, which are part of South I/ynde- 
borotigh. The first of these is Mrs. George Willis Hadley's 
house, two-story, built in 1899 and 1900, near the railroad cross- 


ing, west of the cut. It is of modern construction and appoint- 
ments, and a good windmill forces water from the wejl into all 
parts of the house. It is a handsome dwelling, and the first one 
in our vicinity to be furnace heated. 

Farther west, on the same side of the street, is Mr. Charles 
Clement's home, a pretty cottage, newly painted in 1904. Mr. 
Clement is a house carpenter, who built his house in 1877, and 
lived here until 1893, when he removed to Mass. He was em- 
ployed several years on the bridge building department of the 
N. Y., N. H. & H. R.R. But last year he returned, and is now 
occupying his own house. During his absence the house was 
let to several tenants, among whom were Mr. Dustin Wheeler, 
Mr. Dana Hadley and Mr. John Dolliver. 

Opposite Mr. Clement's is the house of Mr. George M. Cram. 
It was built by Mr. L,evi Tyler in its present form, and Mr. 
Cram has lived in it about thirty-two years. 

The road which branches from the Forest road to the centre 
of the town, between Mr. G. M. Cram's house and that of Mr. 
Joseph A. Blanchard, has on it three dwellings. The first of 
these is about three-fourths of a mile from the Forest road, and 
is the Kidder place,, now the home of Ethan A. Woodward. 
Mr. W. married Elizabeth Rebecca Kidder, the only living child 
of Mr. Franklin H. Kidder, and through his wife and also the 
good will of her parents, he, after his wife's decease on July 20, 
1904, became possessor of that part of the original Kidder es- 
tate. The succession was John, Ephraim, Thomas, Franklin 
Holt, Elizabeth Rebecca (Kidder) Woodward. 

On what was also a part of the John Kidder place is the home 
of Fred Moore, son of Harriet Moore, whose mother was Martha 
Harriet (Kidder) Moore, wife of Cyrus Moore. The latter is 
credited with having built the house in which his grandson now 

Next north of this lives Mrs. Mary, widow of the late Deacon 
S. S. Cummin gs. The house is now the home of one of her 
grand-daughters, Mrs. Hayford, who has two children. Deacon 
Cummings died in 1897, and Mrs. C. keeps possession of the 
home. The house was built by Mr. Francis Johnson, the father 
of J. A. Johnson, Esq. 

Next west of Mr. Cram's is the residence of Mr. Joseph A- 
Blanchard, nearly in front of a road which comes in from the 
southwest to the Forest road. The place is said to have had 
three dwellings on it. A little to the north of the present house 


was one in which Mr. Daniel Cram used to live. He sold out 
to Mr. Samuel Woodward, the father of the late Foster Wood- 
ward. Mr. I,evi Tyler was next owner, who built the present 
dwelling and sold to John Lynch, who again sold to Mr. Luke 
A.* Lucas, Mr. Blanchard's predecessor. He, the latter, has 
been the longest occupant of it. He was a soldier in the 8th 
N. H. V., and was in the battle of Port Hudson. 

On the same road farther west is the home of Elmer E. 
Blanchard, son of Joseph A. He succeeded Frank Eaton, 
whose parents died on the place and were carried to Somerville, 
Mass., for burial. The place had been previously owned by 
Mr. Joseph Chamberlain, a member of the Baptist church, 
called " Baptist Joe," to distinguish him from brickmaker Joe, 
who was called " Brick Joe." The latter was the father of our 
townsman, Mr. Rufus Chamberlain. The Eatons bought the 
place of Mr. Byron Putnam, from whom Mr. Blanchard also 
bought it. 

A short distance farther on, the old road passed up the hill a 
little west of north, to the Jotham Hildreth 1 place, home of both 
father and son of that name. The old road passed by the Hil- 
dreth place and continued nearly the same Bourse, and came out 
at the Forest road near the No. 9 schoolhouse. After the late 
Jotham Hildreth's death Mr. Herbert Wilkerson bought the 
place and sold it to the late Mr. Humphrey Gould, whose family 
have greatly improved the house and its surroundings, make it 
their permanent home and also entertain summer guests. 

Near this house on its north side, is a road which crosses the 
old road and passes down the hill, crossing the Forest road near 
Mr. Edward Dolliver's, and descending a steep hill, turns 
sharply to the left, at its foot, and crosses the B. & M. R. R. 
A little farther on, it crosses the Rocky River. At this point in 
early days was Sargent's mill, a wool carding and fulling mill. 
Later a cabinet shop was carried on here, by John Newell and 
still later by Daniel Cragin, now of Wilton, who for a while had 
Mr. Albert Cram as a partner. He sold to Mr. Gage, and the 
latter to Mr. Jacob Crosby, who died suddenly while owner. 
After his death Mr. Alvaro Buttrick bought it and carried it on 
a number of years, and sold it to Warren A. Eaton. The latter 
carried it on till his health failed and he removed to Somerville, 
Mass. He had made a number of improvements in the way of 
repairs in both the mill and dwelling. The property was 


bought by Mr. George W. Eastman, who managed it but a 
short time, and sold out to its present owner, B. W. Colburn. 

The next neighbor west of this is Mr. G. W. Eastman. By 
trade he is a jeweller and repairs clocks, watches, etc. He 
came to the farm for his health and has added to his farm wdrk 
the management of a green house, doing considerable business 
as florist. He also works at his trade as opportunities offer. 
His place was previously the home of the late Adoniram 

The straight road up the hill northwest of Mr. Eastman's 
leads to Mr. William Dolliver's. His predecessor was David S. 
Draper. Thomas J. Draper afterwards lived with his father, 
David S., took care of him in his last days and succeeded in 
ownership of the place. After the latter 's decease Mr. Dolliver 
bought it. 

West of the last named William Dolliver, lives his brother, 
Samuel Dolliver, in the old home of his ancestors. The house 
is reported to have been built by John Beasom who came here 
from Marblehead, Mass, in 1775 with his father, Philip. The 
latter was the grandfather of the late Capt. John Dolliver, who 
lived and died where, his son Samuel now lives. 

Starting again from the village of South I^ydeborough, at the 
western crossing of the railway, a short- piece of the highway 
passes southwest from the Forest road towards Temple. After 
crossing the track of B. & M. R. R., the first house, now occu- 
pied by Mrs. Dale, was the residence of the late Joel H. Tar- 
bell, Esq., and here both he and his wife ended their days. It 
was formerly both the store and the residence of Mr. William 
W. Young who sold his entire property to the R. R. company, 
and returned to Chelsea, Mass., about 1874. The R. R. com- 
pany sold the store to Mr. Tarbell who was its original builder. 
He moved it back from the railroad and changed it wholly into 
a dwelling, occupying it till his death, in 1891. His wife, also, 
Mrs. Esther Putnam Tarbell, continued to reside here till she 
died, in November, 1901. After this, Mr. Andrew J. Marshall, 
a civil war veteran, with greatly impaired health, lived in a part 
of the house, and died in March, 1902. 

Mrs. Dale became the next tenant and continues so in 1905. 

The next biiilding is the hair-dressing shop of Mr. John Page, 
put up about the time that the location of a glove factory was 
anticipated in our village. 

The next place is the home of Mr. Roy Burton, who bought 


the place of Mr. Andy Cram. The latter lived here many years, 
and made considerable addition to it. Here lived Mr. Joel Tar- 
bell, father of Capt. Joel H., and also Mrs. Abigail Hadley. 

Near this, on the opposite side of the street, is the home of 
Mr. A. T. Ford, whose wife died here a few weeks ago. On 
this ground was an old house occupied in 1835 by Ebenezer 
Pearson, Jr., the maternal grandfather of Mrs. Joel H. Tarbell. 
It was later the home of Mr. Joseph H. Ford. The old house 
was torn down and the present one built by Mr. A. T. Ford, 
who is a carpenter and wheelwright, and has a small shop near 
his house. Other tenants were Dustin Wheeler and Mrs. Le- 
titia McGinley. , 

Close by Mr. Ford's shop is the blacksmith shop of Mr. 
W. H. Abbott. 

Still westward on the south side of the road is the house said 
to have been built for the miller who conducted the Bradford 
grist mill. The house stands a little away from the roadside, and 
previous to 1840 was the home of Elijah Upton, who married 
first, Alice Putnam, and second, Sally Bradford, daughter of the 
mill owner. It became afterwards the home of Salathiel Lidson 
Wheeler, and is now the property of his widow, who lives with 
her daughter Minnie, the wife of George Blanchard, in Green- 

Fred A. Carkin was living here when in June, 1904, he be- 
came the victim of a mysterious and almost fatal accident. He 
was assisting to kill and bury a horse when a bullet glanced 
from the animal, struck Mr. Carkin in the chest, and, as 
was supposed, lodged near his spinal column. Much sym- 
pathy was felt for him and his family of wife and six little 
children, and the kindly assistance possible was extended 
generally. He lingered long on the boundary, seemingly be- 
tween life and death, but has survived till now, July, 1905, and 
is able to perform some light kinds of labor. 

The house is much out of repair, and is at present vacant. 

After ascending the steep hill west of the river, one comes to 
the residence of Mr. Isaac Lowe, where reside also Mr. Jason 
Holt and his son-in-law, Mr. John Curtis. The buildings are 
pleasantly situated and comparatively new. On this place, 
about a century ago, lived Thomas Bradford, son of Capt. John 
Bradford of Amherst, and brother of Ephraim Putnam Bradford, 
the long time pastor of the Presbyterian church, New Boston. 
Thomas Bradford came here from Hancock about 1803. He 


was the owner of the grist mill above mentioned. Both he and 
his wife died on the place. His son, James C., lived with his 
parents, and received the place for the service rendered them in 
their last days. James afterward sold the place to Andrew 
Tyler, and Mr. Tyler again sold it to Mr. Charles Tarbell, his 
brother-in-law, who lived on the place several years, and sold to 
Mr. Lowe, the present owner. 

The next place southwest is Mr. Benjamin Martin's. He 
came here from Hancock about three years ago, and has again 
sold his place and is about to leave town. 

The house was built by Mr. James C. Bradford. Others who 
made their home here for a time were John Emery, William 
Young, Charles Young, F. H. Hallett and Mr. Martin. 

Again ascending a steep hill to a kind of landing, we reach 
the home of Mr. Frank Winn, on the south side of the road. 
He purchased the place a little more than a year ago, from 
Mrs. Houghton of Boston, who had owned the place as a sum- 
mer residence for about two years. She bought the place from 
Mr. George Murch, who had owned it about ten years, having 
bought it of Mr. Edward Weston, who was the successor of his 
father-in-law, Mr. Artemas Woodward. Mr. Woodward built 
the barn, one of the large, fine barns of the town. Mr. Murch 
was a carpenter and made additions to the house and repaired 
it much. He also built the carriage house. 

Walter S. Murdo and wife, Hattie D. (Steele) Murdo lived 
here a short time, as tenant for Mrs. Houghton ; as did also 
Mr. Richard Cram and wife. 

This is known as one of the very old places of the town, 
begun by John Cram, Jr., son of John, the first settler, and 
afterwards owned by Benjamin Cram. It is said that three 
Benjamin Crams lived here at one time. 

Rising another steep, westward from Frank Winn's place, 
one comes to Mr. Pettingill's place. He married Clara N., 
daughter of the late Mr. William Ryerson, March, 1897, and 
has since been a resident on this place. 

It is the old place of Ephraim Putnam who came here from 
Danvers, Mass., and who, to distinguish him from two others 
of the same name in the town, was called " Danvers Ephraim." 
He owned a large tract of land in L,yndeborough. He died 
May u, 1821, aged 76. His son Ephraim succeeded him in 
the old homestead. He was known as Ephraim 2nd. He 
married Esther, daughter of Ebenezer Pearson, Jr. They were 


the parents of Mrs. Joel H. Tarbell, whose maiden name was 
Esther Putnam. Mr. and Mrs. Joel H. Tarbell lived on this 
place several years after the death of Mrs. T's parents, and sold 
the place to William N. Ryerson, whose widow still lives in her 
old home with Mr. and Mrs. Pettingill. 

Going still westward the next place is that of Mr. Azro D. 
Cram. The house was built by Mr. Jonathan Putnam, brother 
of Ephraim Putnam, 2nd, for his son, Jonathan Putnam, Jr. 

Still westward and up another quite steep hill, fifty or sixty 
rods away, is the home of Mr. J. C. Miller. This was first the 
home of Jonathan Putnam above named, who lived and died 
there. His son, Ephraim Hildreth Putnam, commonly called 
" Hildreth " Putnam, lived here with his parents, and also after 
their death. He sold the place to Benjamin F. Tenney, and the 
latter sold it to Solomon Cram, the father of Azro, above named. 
Mr. Orin Cram, one of his sons, lived here with his father, and 
after his father's death sold the place to Mr. Benjamin Gould, 
who sold to Mr. Miller, its present owner, and went to Califor- 
nia. This is very near the height of land on this highway. 

After passing Mr. Miller's, a person will descend quite a 
steep way and then come to a level spot where once stood a 
dwelling. This was the home of a Mr. Hodgeman, who mar- 
ried the oldest daughter of Mr. Solomon Cram. Mr. Hodgeman 
was killed by lightning here, and his widow afterwards mar- 
ried Alban Buttrick. 

The next building on that road is the schoolhouse of district 
No. 5. The road passes on westward a short distance and in- 
tersects with the road which runs from L,yndeborough Centre 
past the Hildreth place toward Temple. 

South of this last intersection are two others before the main 
road reaches the Wilton line. The first turns southwest and 
passes the home of Mr. Foster, who bought the place about 
two years ago. He is a painter and paper-hanger as well as a 
farmer. He bought of Mrs. Thomas Dale. Others who had previ- 
ously lived there were Samuel K. Russell, George H. Blood 
and John Fletcher, who probably built the house. It is the last 
house before reaching the Temple line. 

An eighth of a mile farther south a lane turns to the right to 
the home of Marshall B. Richards. The place was occupied 
about a century ago by Jedediah Russell, a revolutionary sol- 
dier, and afterwards by his son, a soldier of 1812. It was owned 


later by Herman Wright, Edward D. Smith and its present 

On the southward road a short distance away, are the fine 
buildings of W. W. Burton, the last before reaching the Wilton 
line. Here at the southwest corner of our town is one of its fine 
farms. The place contains 273 acres and was owned by the 
present Mr. B's father, Dexter Burton, in his day prominent 
among the military men of this district. 

Commencing again at E. W. Dolliver's intersection on the 
way towards Greenfield, the first house is that of Mr. Sewall M. 
Buck, a painter and paper-hanger by trade. His house stands 
back from the highway, and was formerly the home of Capt. 
William Button, who married Sarah, daughter of John Beasom, 
and they brought up a large family on this place. The Button 
heirs sold the place to Israel Cram, and he bequeathed it to the 
Congregational church, whose agents, N. T. Mclntire and Peter 
Clark, sold it to Mr. Buck, a civil war veteran, and an upright, 
industrious citizen. 

Nearly west from Mr. Buck's is the cellar of what was 
known as the ' ' The Mountain House, ' ' conducted for a time by 
Mark B. L,angdell, who was succeeded by several others. Its 
reputation was none of the best ; and when it burned to the 
ground, there was very little lamentation over it among law- 
abiding citizens, it is said. 

Nearly opposite this, between the small cemetery and the in- 
tersection of " the gulf road," is the house known as the Crosby 
house. It is now owned by Roy Burton, son of John Hale Bur- 
ton, and son-in-law of Mr. S. M. Buck. It is at present the 
home of Mr. Holden, who married the owner's sister. It was 
previously the home of Abram Wright, John Flint, William 
Bolliver, and perhaps others, but took its name from Benjamin 
Crosby, a worthy and highly esteemed citizen. 

About half a mile away on the direct road to Greenfield is 
the old cellar of the house of John Stephenson, who appears to 
have been the son of the John Stephenson who called the first 
meeting under the town charter. He built the mill on Rocky 
River which has now disappeared, though traces of the old mill 
dam remain. The place is thought to have been owned previ- 
ously by John Woodward and Chase Hadley. 

Next on the Forest road towards Greenfield, and standing 
far back from it on the right hand is the house of Mr. George 
Newton. The old road was crooked and went near the house. 


The Forest road avoided the bends and left the houses some- 
times inconveniently situated. It was formerly the home of 
Harvey M. Newton, Mark Hadley and perhaps Thomas Bof- 
fee. The place is the last in I^yndeborough on that road. For 
Thomas Boffee see pp, 174 and 175. 

The old road to Peterborough, after crossing the bridge near 
the site of the Stephenson saw- mill, passes up by the house of 
Jotham Sumner Stephenson, a grandson of the builder of the 
mill. The house was for a time the home of his aunt, Mary 
Stephenson. He bought the place of Josiah Swinington, who 
built the house and for a time lived in it. To distinguish him 
from his father, Jotham, he is known as Sumner Stephenson. 

Passing south through Mr. Stephenson 's door-yard, twenty 
or more rods away, is the old building for many years the dwell- 
ing of Job and Betsey Swinington. They were among the con- 
stituent members of the Baptist Church, (p. 338.) The old 
building is no longer used as a dwelling, but serves as a poultry 

Passing on still west on the Peterborough road from Mr. 
Stephenson's there is the old cellar of a small house built by 
Olney Butler ; and next is a house now occupied by Leon Dra- 
per, a son of the late James Draper of Greenfield. It was built 
for a harness shop by Horace Butler, and was later the home 
of Lucinda Searles, who died in March, 1888. The house has 
been unoccupied much of the time since, till Mr. Draper found 
a home in it. 

The last house in I^yndeborough on this old road is that occu- 
pied by Mrs. Emery, a widow, and a sister of the last-named 
I^eon Draper. Till a recent day this place was the property of 
the late Dr. James Butler of Dempster, a son of Jacob Butler 
and grandson of Jonathan Butler, a Revolutionary hero. (See 
Roll p. 176.) This house was doubtless built by Jonathan, and 
was in the hands of his grandson till within a very few years. 
The barn connected with this house has a historic interest. It 
was the old town house which served the Congregational 
Church as their third meeting-house, and was only given up 
after they built their present church, in 1837. It was after- 
wards sold to Jacob Butler, who took it down, piecemeal, and 
transferred it to its present site. The mechanism of it reflects 
no whit of discredit upon its builders. 

Between the bridge over Rocky River and the house of Mr. 
Sumner Stephenson a road turns to the right, which is a con- 


tinuation of the gulf road. There is on it but a single dwelling 
before the Greenfield line is reached, and this has been vacant 
much of the time in years past. It belongs to Mr. William 
Fish, who bought it of Everett Swinington, its builder. Ever- 
ett and Josiah were sons of Job and Betsey Swinington. 

This accounts for nearly all the places on the west side of the 
town whose owners' post-office address was South I^yndeborough 
until Rural Free Delivery was established, March i, 1901. 

We return again to the village and commence at the school- 
house in District No. 3. The lot was given, as we have heard, 
for a schoolhouse. The old schoolhouse was burned, and this 
present house has been its successor since about the year 1859, 
and was then reported by the superintending committee, Rev. 
E. B. Claggett, as "an excellent house." But that was long 

One of the five ancient dwellings of the village was the par- 
sonage. It was built by Daniel Putnam, Esq., previous to the 
year 1800. That year, on the occasion of a military muster, he 
was licensed to keep a tavern for forty-eight hours. The builder 
of the house was a carpenter by trade and lived in this house, 
as did also his son, David Johnson, commonly called Johnson 
Putnam. Johnson was for a time organist at the centre church. 
The Baptist Church held its meeting in this house when the 
council convened which decided upon its recognition. 

After Squire Daniel's death, the house had many tenants. 
To name them in order is hardly to be expected. We give the 
names obtained, viz.: William Holt, called "honest Billy," 
the first merchant, after selling his store lived there ; Ezra Dane, 
also a merchant ; George W. Hutchinson, the Christian minis- 
ter ; William Duncklee, Joseph H. Ford, Morris Emery and 
William Young, of whom it was bought for a parsonage in 
1876. Since then all the pastors of the Baptist Church, S. B. 
Macomber, William R. Warner, H. G. Hubbard, Gaylord B. 
Smith and D. Donovan have lived in it. 

The nearest neighbor east of the parsonage is Mr. C. H. 
Tarbell, son of C. F. Tarbell, deceased, and grandson of the 
late Capt. Joel H. Tarbell. The house was built by J. Alonzo 
Carkin in 1893. After occupying it a short time, he moved 
out of town. It was then let for a time to Dustin Wheeler, and 
was afterwards purchased by Walter S. Tarbell, who sold it to 
his brother, C. H. The latter added the two-story ell part and 
the neat veranda at front and east side. 


Farther up the road on its north side is the homestead of Dea- 
con David Putnam. The house was built by Deacon David, 
who died in 1870. David Putnam, his son, made alterations in 
it and added to it, but a few years ago arranged to have the 
place carried on by his eldest son, Algernon W. Putnam. The 
latter, in 1903, greatly enlarged the house by building the 
two-story central part, which, with the western wing, he oc- 
cupies, while his parents reside in the eastern part. 

Still farther east, on the brow of the long hill, south of the 
old road to the centre, is the neat, well-kept cottage of Mr. 
Lawrence of Cambridge, Mass. From the broad veranda added 
by Mr. Lawrence to this fine cottage, may be obtained one of the 
broadest, pleasantest views afforded by any point in our town. 
To the and southwest are the grand old mountains, and to 
the south are the Wilton highlands, cut by the turbulent Souhe- 
gan, winding its course through Milford and Amherst toward 
the valley of the Merrimack and the sea. 

Mr. L,. bought the place from Capt. Mclntire of Hyde Park, 
Mass., who had owned it a few years. He got it of C. Henry 
Holt, whose second wife was Hattie L/owe, daughter of Mr. 
John Lowe, and whose only daughter, Effie Holt, was sole heir 
to the property. Mr. Holt took care of his wife's parents in 
their closing days, and had charge of the estate on behalf of his 
daughter Effie, who received the avails of the sale in due time. 
Mr. Lowe had purchased of Lorenzo Holt, a carriage painter, 
who was a brother of C. Henry, and removed to Peterborough. 
He bought the house from the builders of it, John F. and 
Harvey Holt. 

Nearest neighbor east of Mr. Lawrence is Mr. E. H. Putnam, 
whose place is doubtless one of the oldest in town. Who built 
the house does not seem to be known to the family occupying it 
or to our oldest inhabitants. At some point on this place, John 
Cram, so far as present evidence indicates, the first settler in 
Lyndeborough, built his home in 1736, or thereabouts. Tradi- 
tion credits him with having command of the garrison-house, or 
fort, a command which seems to have been ^transferred to his 
son-in-law, Ephraim Putnam, after he sold him the place. 
Ephraim Putnam took possession in 1753, the year that the 
town took the name of Lyndeborough. The house in which he 
first lived here was destroyed by fire, but he built a new house. 
Neither the date of the fire nor of the erection of new house has 
been positively ascertained. Valuable records are said to have 


been consumed in the old house. It was in the house of 
Ephraim Putnam that "the first meeting in L,yndeborough in 
the interests of a settled ministry " was held Sept. 3, 1756. The 
new house was, very likely, that in which his son, Ensign 
David, lived, who was also deacon of the church at the centre. 
It seems to have been Ensign David who, after attending a 
council called for the ordination of a pastor which refused to or- 
dain on account of unsound doctrinal views, said, "We have 
had a flustration instead of an ordination." 

Col. Timothy Putnam, a son of Ensign David, also seems to 
have lived in it for a time. Joshua Sargent also owned the 
place once, and lived here with his daughter Ruthy and her 
husband, Captain Israel Putnam, and here he ended his days. 
The house stood on the corner, nearly in front of what is now 
Mr. Lawrence's summer cottage, until July 23, 1883, when it 
was torn down, and found lined with brick between the boards 
and lathing of the lower story, perhaps both a reminder and 
successor of the old fort of Indian war times. 

A few rods in front of this house a road turned sharply to the 
west and passed on to the house of David Putnam, Jr., a 
son of Ensign David Putnam. David, Jr., built the old 
house on what is now the D. P. Hartshorn place. He sold 
out to John Hartshorn, David P.'s father, whose wife was 
Susanna B. Putnam, and then built the house where the present 
Deacon Putnam and his son Algernon live. After John Harts- 
horn took possession, he built the " Hillside House," and was 
for many years a thrifty and prosperous farmer. This is said to 
be the first place in Lyndeborough to entertain summer board- 
ers, and the house has been filled many seasons with influential 
and honored guests. 

A short distance east of the above house is the home of Mr. 
F. B. Richards, a brother-in-law of Mr. D. P. Hartshorn. Mr. 
R. built here soon after his marriage to Miss lyizzie Hartshorn, 
and considerate of the filial spirit of his wife, who wished to live 
near her excellent mother, concurred with her in locating near 
her old home. Mr. R. and family have been the sole occupants 
of this place, including Mrs. R.'s portion of her father's estate. 

Returning again to the intersection of the road, to the place 
once fixed upon as the centre of old Salem-Canada township, 
where was the home of John Cram, the first settler, we may 
delay a few moments for a glance at his family and connections. 
Whether by purpose or accident, the estates of his children seem 


remarkably near his first home. It is quite probable this was 
the house of Kphraim Putnam which was burned. His oldest 
son, Capt. Jonathan, lived over the hill southeast of Mr. I^uther 
Cram's, on what is known as the John A. Putnam place. His 
daughter Phebe married Moses Stiles, who lived southeast of' 
his home, and almost within hailing distance. His son Joseph 
owned the place now known as the Emery Holt place. His 
daughter Huldah married Ephraim Woodward, and lived 
toward the north part of the town. His son John settled in Wil- 
ton, where Ephraim Putnam first settled, almost in sight of his 
father's home. It looks as though he might have exchanged 
places with his sister's husband, with his father as intermediary. 
Sarah Cram married Ephraim Putnam and came back to live in 
the old home. Elizabeth, twin sister of Sarah, married Jona- 
than Chamberlain, Sr., who received seventy-five acres of lot 41, 
for taking care of Joseph Cram and giving him Christian burial. 
The most likely conjecture about the building of the house in 
which Edwin H. Putnam now lives is that it was built by Jona- 
than Chamberlain, above named. The house seems to be on lot 
41 and on the part of it deeded to him. Benjamin Cram, also a 
twin son, settled in I^yndeborough, probably on the place where 
Percy H. Putnam now lives. Thus the Crams, Stiles', Wood- 
wards, Putnams, Chamberlains and others whom we cannot now 
name, were drawn together and united with each other, and 
large sections of their estates were not only in plain view, but 
also widely contiguous. Thinking then of the central point 
again, the oldest house, unquestionably, on Putnam Hill at 
present is Mr. E. H. Putnam's. 

Many years ago a very aged man called at the place that he 
might once more see the home of his early days. It was 
a Mr. Herrick who had gone west and returned to visit his 
native place. Here lived Timothy Thurston Putnam, who was 
Albert Hardy's successor, and here at an earlier day lived John 
Carleton. A complete list does not seem at this date attainable. 

About northeast from Mr. E. H. Putnam's, and in plain sight 
from the dooryard is the home of Mr. Emery Holt and also of 
his eldest son, Harvey and family. The main part of the 
house faces the road, and is two-story in front. Extending 
back from the rear of the two-story part is an older part whic 
is one-story, and connects with the other buildings. A structure 
older than either of these was taken away to give place for the 
present one. This was built by John F. Holt who lived here 


himself, and whose father lived in the older part. Joseph 
Cram, a son of John, the first settler, is said to have owned the 
place first. It seems to have been owned later by both Daniel 
and John Chamberlain,* who were probably grandchildren of 
Elizabeth (Cram) Chamberlain, Joseph's sister, who, with her 
husband, had the care of her brother in his last days, and aided 
in giving him " Christian burial." It joins the Manuel place 
on the southwest, and in the pasture southeast of the house is 
found a very ancient and almost obliterated cellar hole. Mr. 
Emery Holt bought the place of his kinsman, John Fletcher 
Holt, and has lived here many years. 

About a half-mile northeast of Mr. Emery Holt's the road 
divides, the right hand branch going toward the meeting-house 
and the left hand going very nearly north towards the Stephen- 
son homestead, now occupied by Mr. Willis J. Stephenson. 
This name seems to be variously pronounced and spelled, as if 
Stimson and Stinson. The schedule attached to the Masonian 
Charter, and the charter itself, each, contains the name in one of 
these forms. From these records it is evident that David Stinson 
or Stimson owned a share in the town, numbered, Home L,ot 48 ; 
together with Second Division I^ots 58 and 59, before it was 
chartered under the name of L,yndeborough, that is, before Dec. 
5, 1753.1 The Rev. Frank G. Clark wrote, that " David 
Stephenson and wife settled on the farm still called by that 
name, and owned early in the history of the town the lots north 
and northwest. "J Mr. Stephenson's house. was built by his 
father, the late Jonathan Stephenson, who passed away in his 
97th year ; long a prominent man in the business and counsels 
of the town, selectman, town clerk, overseer of the poor and 
town representative. He built on the site of the former house 
which burned down, and in which many of his valuable papers 
were destroyed. 

Retracing our way back to the road which passed the furnace 
and the cemetery, the next dwelling is that of Mr. Rufus 
Chamberlain, south from the cemetery. Mr. Chamberlain built 
the house in which he lives. It stands on the farm which con- 
tained 75 acres, deeded to his great grandfather, Jonathan 
Chamberlain, by the Cram heirs, on condition of his supporting 
his brother-in-law, Joseph Cram, and giving him " Christian 

* The late Mrs. S. P. Hartshorn testified that "John Chamberlain made nails at the 
iron furnace " before Henry and James Cram 2nd. carried it on. He was probably the 
maker of those referred to on page 457. 

t See Charter, p. 48, and Schedule, p. 53. \ S-C., p. 27. 


burial." An older house had been removed from this site to 
make place for the new one. In the old house had lived Henry 
Cram, who owned and operated the furnace, and also his son 
Peter, who was a capable man and an honored citizen. The 
latter sold his place and later went West to live. It was after- 
wards sold to Mr. Chamberlain who now has passed his eighty- 
sixth milestone, and is honored and respected by his fellow-citi- 

The next place is Mr. Luther Cram's. Here he has culti- 
vated his ancestral acres and built the fine house in which he 
lives. It stands on the brow of a broad hill which overlooks the 
South village nestling in the basin to the westward. It is reached 
from the west by a beautiful avenue shaded by fine maple trees 
of his own planting, adding a special charm to the place of his 
nativity. The view obtained from his summer house, a little to 
the south of his dwelling, is unsurpassed even among the many 
grand and pleasing prospects of the town. He is now one of 
the sturdy, aged men of our town, clear-headed and liberal 
minded. Though he looks somewhat old, " his age is as a lusty 
winter, frosty but kindly." He is one of the history committee, 
and has assisted much in securing the publication of the history 
of his native town. He has served the town in all the principal 
offices within its gift. 

The place next south of Mr. L,. Cram's is Mr. Elbert Barrow's. 
Mr. Barrow is a son-in-law of the late Mr. E. J. Hardy, and 
came here from the West about three years ago, and bought the 
place on which Mr. Charles Carr had lived. The latter bought 
of Mr. Nello Tarbell, who had lived on it about a year. It 
had been sold to him by Albert Cram of the fifth generation 
from the first settler. The house was built by James Cram, 
2nd, Albert's father. Mr. Barrow, since coming here to live, 
has added to his estate, which is partly in Wilton, about fifty 
acres more of Wilton territory. 

The next place going east was formerly that of Uriah Cram, 
a Revolutionary minute-man, and grandson of the first settler. 
The cellar of his old house which was two story (see Revolution- 
ary roll, p. 182), is but partially covered by the new building 
erected by the late John A. Putnam, whose widow now occupies 
it. She was Louise Cram, daughter of Joseph, and grand- 
daughter of Uriah Cram. Here her sister, Harriet Russell, 
ended her days in November, 1900. Her grandchildren, the 
Misses Bertha and Susie Chenery, have here a home with her. 


The barn connected with this house covers a portion of the 
cellar of the old house of Capt. Jonathan Cram, the eldest son 
of John, who came here from Massachusetts soon -after his 
father came. He was a prominent man in town. Five sons 
and two daughters were settled in Lyudeborough, Jonathan 
who later lived in Wilton, David, Jacob, Solomon and Uriah. 
The daughters, Elizabeth and Rachel, married respectively, 
John Carkin and Ephraim Putnam 3rd. Jonathan is said to 
have served in the French and Indian war before coming to 

The place east of his is known as the Ellinwood place. 
Samuel Ellinwood lived in school district number three in 1808, 
and Samuel Ellingwood and Ira S. Ellinwood were reported in 
1819 as having produced certificates that they were " members 
of the Baptist Society." (See page 337.) Samuel is reported 
to have lived to a great age and died on this place. There re- 
mains only the old cellar now to show where his house once 
stood . 

Southeast of this place near the Wilton line was the place 
called the "Russell Place." The Russell who lived there was 
probably Jedediah, Jr., as given in the tax list of school district 
number three in 1808. There is now no dwelling on the place ; 
but the old cellar shows where it once stood. 


As one passes out of school district No. 3, towards district 
No. 6, the first habitation reached there is that of A. A. 
Melendy. This is another of the old places of the town. On 
it lived Jacob, son of Jonathan Cram. He was one of the 
petitioners for the provincial charter in 1763, married Isabel 
Hutchinson, and was prominent in trying to have the meeting 
house nearer the settlers in that part of the town. This re- 
sulted in his having the preaching at his house a fourth of the 
time. (See page 282.) His successor on the place was his 
son-in-law, Andrew Harwood, and then his grandson, Andrew 
Harwood, Jr., Dexter K. Holt and A. A. Meleudy. 

Mr. Melendy's next neighbor towards Milford is Mr. E. E. 
Ivowe, His predecessor was Daniel Austin and his again, Per- 
sons Holt. Before Mr. Holt was Samuel Hartshorn, whose 
father was John Hartshorn, born in I,yndeborough March 26, 
1756, married Sarah Batchelder, born in the same town, June 
26, 1762. This was the original Hartshorn place. 


The next place east was the Eben Batchelder home. He is 
said to have come from South Reading, Mass., where he married 
Betsey Dix. He seems to have been the father-in-law of John 
Hartshorn whose farm adjoined his. Mr. Batchelder's succes- 
sors were Charles Harvey Holt and William P. Holt. 

The place of Mr. George W. Parker is the next on the road ; 
and many think it the most famous fruit farm in New Hamp- 
shire, if not in New England. He made the cultivation of 
fruit a specialty, and by his success in this line has given not 
only his own townsmen but those of other towns and of a wide 
section of the country a genuine surprise. He raises apples, 
peaches and plums, and the finer varieties of these and his 
harvests in bearing years are rich and remunerative. The 
skilful management of his place is quite a marvel, and does 
credit to the owner and to his town. 

On this place is also a mineral spring whose medicinal proper- 
ties in many cases produce marked results. Its medicinal 
property " is due to three things: its carbonate of magnesia, 
its great purity, and the suitable proportions of its constitu- 
ents." The carbonate of magnesia which seems to be the most 
prominent constituent is described as "antacid, laxative and 

Mr. Parker's predecessors on this farm were, probably, Ed- 
ward Bevins, Jr., a Revolutionary hero, who is said to have 
been the pioneer settler on or near that place. (See Old Deeds 
No. 15, p. 483.) The section of the town in which this farm 
lies was in the early days known as Bevins' corner. In this 
connexion a story of feminine prowess is told which seems too 
good to miss. " Sally Bevens was accustomed to assist her 
neighbors at hay-making and harvesting. And once, on her 
return home, she heard her pig squealing vociferously. Satis- 
fied as to the cause of it, she seized a good, stout fire-brand and 
sped to the rescue. She overhauled the burdened foe, engaged 
him with her brand, and though his claws cruelly tore the flesh 
from her shoulder and upper arm, so that she carried the marks 
to her grave, she yet proved victor, routed the bear and saved 
her pork. ' ' 

Such was the pluck shown in many of our early settlements. 
Others who succeeded in possession of that place were David 
Perham, Josiah M. Parker and its present owner, who appears 
to have surpassed all others in rendering it productive. 

Mr. Harry R. Chase lives on a part of what is called the old 


Blanchard place. The first of that name on it was, perhaps, 
Lieutenant Jotham. His successors were Asa, and Asa, Jr., the 
father of Mrs. G. W. Parker, Mrs. Chase and also Mrs. G. G. 
Hatch. Mr. Chase is living on what has been called the Asa 
Blanchard farm. 

The next place is the home of Mr. Hodgen. Before him, it 
was that of Charles Savage. He was preceded by Charles and 
H. M. Tarbell who bought of Ezra F. Melzar. The latter 
married Susan E., daughter of James Pearson who came to 
I/yndeborough in 1829 and removed to Milford in 1856, where 
he died, 1879. Mr. Pearson left the farm soon after the mar- 
riage of his daughter to Mr. Melzar, and the latter sold it and 
removed to Milford about nine years later. The place is known 
as the Pearson place. 

The McAllister place is the name by which Mr. Elmer B. 
Parker's farm is now known. Mr. Parker married L/ula E. 
McAllister whose father, George S., died March 22, 1904, and 
the young people are now carrying on the place. The place 
was sold to Mr. McAllister by Dexter Kendall Holt. Its present 
owner, like his father, George W. Parker, is a fruit grower, and 
rivals his father's skill in its cultivation. 

Next to this is what is known as the Emerson Batchelder 
place. It has been for many years the home of his son, John 
C., who made a specialty of grape culture, and raised great 
quantities and wonderfully fine samples of that fruit. He de- 
parted this life Aug. n, 1904, and his son George is continuing 
the work of his famed father. On the place are two sets of 
buildings, and it has been justly noted for its excellent grapes. 

The next house is the last in Lyndeborough before reaching 
the Milford line, and belongs to Mrs. Charles L,eroy Hutchinson. 
The place was previously owned by Israel Porter Holt, and was 
then called the " Porter Holt " place. Before that it was owned 
by Milo Robbins, and earlier still by Russell Robbins. 

Returning again to the road which goes from Mr. Harry R. 
Chase's to Wilton, a small dwelling near Mr. Chase's is the 
home of Mr. J. W. Chute. David Perham has been named as 
the builder. 

On the road from Perham corner to Wilton, the first turn to 
the right leads to the late Mr. Harvey Perham's place, now the 
home of his widow and youngest son and daughter. The .son 
is carrying on the place, which seems to have been part of the 
old Perham homestead. The succession traced back seems to 


be John, Harvey, John, Oliver 2nd, Oliver, revolutionary hero. 
(See Roll, pp. 194, 195.) 

A short distance northwest of the Harvey Perham place is 
that of John A. Bullard. It was previously owned by Charles 
Tarbell, whose predecessor was Jonathan Mclntire. It was the 
home of John Perham, father of Harvey. 

Farther along on that road is the Joseph Perham place. Mr. 
Perhain is said to have been a large man, and to have worn more 
than a number twelve boot. He was a brother of John above 
named. His place was the last on that road before reaching 
the Wilton line. His successor was his son Rodney. After him 
came Sylvester Small. After Mr. Small's day the place was 
divided into two parts ; one of these was purchased by Mr. 
Baldwin, postmaster at Wilton, who has built a fine house on it, 
and the other part, south of the road, was bought by Mr. 
George M. Hartshorn, who owned it a few years and then sold 
it to D. Whiting & Co., of Wilton. 

Returning to the Wilton road by way of Harvey Perham's, 
the nearest place is that of his late brother, Otis, who was un- 
married. Mr. Albert Foster is the present owner, and occu- 
pying the house with him is his son-in-law, Fred H. Tarbell. 

The last place in L,yndeborough on this Wilton road is that 
built by Mr. Edward Powers, deceased. Mr. Fred H. Tarbell 
bought the place and lived there until after the death of Mrs. 
Foster, his wife's mother, when he moved his family into the 
home of Mrs. Foster's father. 


It would be impossible at this date in the history of the town 
to give an absolutely correct record of the transfers of the farms. 
We say ' ' impossible ' ' because in many cases the deeds of the 
early transfers were never recorded, and in other cases were not 
recorded until twenty or more years after the transactions took 
place; and tradition is not a very safe basis upon which to 
build a record. 

We submit the following record as only approximately correct. 
Much of the information was secured while trying to "climb 
the family trees " of the people of the town ; from transcripts of 
records at Exeter and Nashua made by John H. Goodrich, Esq., 
and from tradition. Except in a few instances no attempt was 
made to record the changes in ownership of abandoned farms. 



The Ordway place. John Ordway first built here. Timothy 
Ordway, Timothy Ordway, Jr., Walter Ordway, Amos W. 
Barden, Hadley Bros., Derastus Emery, Frank E. Cummings. 
Present house built by Amos W. Barden. 

The Moses Chenery place. This was a part of the Ordway 
farm. John Ordway, Enoch Ordway, Moses Chenery, Moses 
Chenery heirs, Charles J. Cummings. 

The Hadley place. Joshua Hadley was the first settler on 
this land. The farm has always been kept in the Hadley 
family. Chase Hadley, Franklin Hadley, I,evi P. Hadley, 
Mrs. Minerva Hadley. 

The Amos Pratt place. This place was also a part of the 
original Ordway estate. The name of the first builder on the 
land is unknown. Amos Pratt, John J. Balch, David G. 
Dickey, Mrs. Minerva Hadley. 

The "Old Town Farm." Eleazer Woodward took a deed 
of this land from Robert Hooper, Aug. 10, 1770, and was the 
first settler and builder thereon. Eleazer Woodward, Jr., town 
of L,yndeborough for fifty years as town farm, George E. 
Spalding, Martin Whitney, Milford Five Cents Savings Bank, 
Jacob A. Woodward. The town remodeled the house but re- 
tained a part of the original Woodward building. 

The Nathan Richardson place. Robert Badger was the first 
settler on this land.* Nathan Richardson, Harry J. Richard- 

The Isaac P. French place. William Barren took a deed of 
this land from Rev. Sewall Goodridge, Sept. 28, 1768. Mr. 
Barren built and kept a tavern here. Isaac P. French, Oliver 
Bixby, Samuel Jones, Dexter Holt, George T. Woodward, 
Charles Keyes, Frank B. Tay. 

The Fiske place. This land was chosen by the Rev. Sewall 
Goodridge, according to the terms of his settlement. He was 
the first settler and built the present house. Israel H. Good- 
ridge, Ebenezer Fiske, Ebenezer Fisk heirs, Fred Hill (tenant), 
William E. Fiske, William C. Wilder. 

James H. Karr place. Dea. David Badger was the first 
settler here. He took a deed of the land from Samuel Wells, 
Dec. 4, 1771. The deed called for 100 acres of land "exclu- 

* There must have been a transfer between Badger and Richardson but of this we 
can get no record. 


sive" of a pond. Sarah Badger, William J. Herrick, James 
H. Karr. 

The Manahan place. The name of the person who first 
built here is unknown. The land was originally a part of the 
Dea. David Badger farm. Samuel T. Manahan, James Grant, 
Daniel Woodward, Jr., Cyrus Jaquith, M. C. Clough, Percy 
Goddard, Charles D. Riley. 

The Herman A. Walker place. Dr. Israel Herrick built the 
house now standing on this farm. Dr. Nathan Jones, Benjamin 
Jones, Nathaniel Jones, Samuel Jones, Julien E. Wright, 
Herman A. Walker. Mr. Walker remodeled the house and 
built the new barn in 1898. 

The Dr. Benjamin Jones place. Dr. Benjamin Jones built 
the brick house standing on this land. It was the first and 
only house ever built on the place. The splendid elm trees 
standing in front of the house were set out as saplings the year 
the house was built. Dea. William Jones, George E. Spald- 
ing. Mr. Spalding tore down the old " hop house" and barns 
and built the present commodious barns. 

The Bixby place. Rev. Nathaniel Merrill built the house on 
this place for a parsonage. The land was given by Benj. 
L,ynde either to the church or to the town, or to Mr. Merrill. 
(In the absence of any record in the church, town, or society's 
books it is hard at this date to say to which he gave it.) Robert 
B. Tupper, Oliver Bixby, John C. Ordway, Samuel Dolliver, 
Thomas A. Williams, Edward K. Warren. Mr. Williams and 
Mr. Warren kept a store in the house, and it was the last abid- 
ing place of the post-office at the "Centre" before that office 
was discontinued. 

The Richardson place. George and Daniel Gould took a 
deed of lot 70 Dec. 5, 1775, and of lot 69 July, 1783. The 
grantor was John Gould. Daniel Gould first built on this land, 
or more precisely, on lot 70. He kept store and tavern there 
for a number of years. Jacob Richardson then bought the 
place. Timothy Richardson, John Richardson, Fred A. Rich- 
ardson. About 1857 John Richardson tore down the Gould 
buildings and erected the present house, ell, and later the barn. 

The Parsonage. Built by the Congregational Society in 1837 
and occupied by the pastors of the Congregational church ever 

The Old Store house. Built by Daniel or George Gould in the 
decade 1780-1790. It was George who probably built the 


house, as Daniel built on the Richardson place. But Daniel 
lived inihe house at one time. It was one of the historic houses 
of the town. It was a large, square, two-storied building, with 
a long ell in which was kept the store. Town meeting day the 
store was thronged by the townspeople to buy the famous gin- 
gerbread of those days, and to purchase other special bargains 
offered by the storekeeper " for that day only." 

It was the rendezvous of competitive hunting parties, and if 
the traditions are true, the hunters used to buy, beg and steal 
game just the same as now. It was there that the men and 
boys of the vicinity resorted at evening time to swap stories, 
hear the news, wrestle, pull stick and practice other athletic 
sports almost unknown to the boys of the present day. In the 
second story of the house was a large hall where singing schools 
were kept. After the death of the Goulds the place changed 
hands once or twice, of which changes no record can be obtained. 
In 1830 it was the property of Israel H. Goodridge, then Daniel 
Woodward, Jr., Daniel Woodward, Sr., William J. Herrick, 
William W. Curtis. The buildings were burned, as recorded in 
another chapter. 

The Capt. Peter Clark place. With Nehemiah Rand when 
he came to I/yndeborough from Charlestown, Mass"., was a 
young lad named Nehemiah Frost. This Frost afterward mar- 
ried Irene, a daughter of Rand. Mr. Frost built the house on 
this place and was the first settler on the land. After Frost, 
David Farrington, Robert B. Tupper, Esq., then David, or as 
better known, " Esquire "Stiles, Capt. Peter Clark, W. H. and 
B. J. Clark, William H. Clark. 

The Dr. William A. Jones house. This house was built by a 
stock company for Dr. W. A. Jones. The people desired to 
keep a physician in town and there was no convenient tenement 
for him to live in, so this house was built. On the removal of 
Dr. Jones from town later, the place was sold to B. J. Clarke. 
S. D. Rand, Belle I,. Boutwell. 

The Wheeler house. Built by Josiah Wheeler about 1810. 
George E. Winn, Frank Joslin, Mrs. Jennie Frank, Walter 

The Nelson Kidder place. Nehemiah Boutwell built the first 
house on this place. Nelson Kidder came to Lyndeborough, 
bought the place, tore down the old house and built the present 
cottage. He built a blacksmith shop on the opposite side of the 
street. Thomas A. Williams, C. R. Boutwell, George Kimball. 


The Capt. Henry Clark place. It is only a tradition who 
built the house which formerly stood on this land. This tradi- 
tion says that when Ebeuezer Coston sold his place to James 
Boutwell he reserved this small plot of land and built a house 
thereon. When torn down it was one of the oldest houses in 
this section of the town. A store was kept there for a time, and 
Dr. Israel Herrick had an office there when he returned to 
I,yndeborough at the solicitation of Rev. Nathaniel Merrill. 
Widow Creecy, Capt. Henry Clarke, Ovid Fowler, C. R. Bout- 

The Boutwell place. Jonathan Cram, Jr., was undoubtedly 
the first settler on this land. Dec. 24, 1760, he deeded it to 
Rev. John Rand. Rand sold it to Ebenezer Coston, and Coston 
deeded it to James Boutwell, Apr. 8, 1767. James Boutwell 
evidently bought and sold considerable land at one time and 
another. There is a record that he took a deed of a lot of land 
from Asahel Brunson, paying therefor 3,000 "Spanish milled 
dollars." This farm has been owned since 1767 by some mem- 
ber of the Boutwell family. James Boutwell, Nehemiah Bout- 
well, Rodney C. Boutwell, Benjamin J. Boutwell, Charles R. 
Boutwell, Mrs. C. R. Boutwell. 

The large, square house was built by Nehemiah Boutwell and 
was remodeled by Charles R. Boutwell. 

The Dutton cottage. Franklin Hadley built this house as 
home for his aged father and mother. For some reason they 
never went there to live, and the place was sold to Eliza Cham- 
berlain. Betsey E. Dutton, C. R. Boutwell, Rev. O. E. Hardy. 

The Nancy Miller cottage. Nancy Miller bought of John 
Richardson the old store-house of Daniel Gould, had it removed 
to this place and remodeled it into the present building. This 
was about 1850. 

The Abram Boutwell place. Leonard Morse had the old 
shoemaker's shop of " Esquire" Tupper moved to this place 
and remodeled. Abram Boutwell, Frank Joslin. 

The Raymond place. J. Hartshorn built the house on this 
place. Henry M. Stayner. William B. Raymond bought the 
place in 1844 and has lived there sixty-one years. Mr. and 
Mrs. Raymond have lived together man and wife sixty-nine 
years, a record that is rarely equalled in New England to-day. 

The Stearns place. The house on this place was built by 
William Abbott. Charles Maynard, John Stearns, Frank Stearns. 



The John Chenery place. The widow McMaster built the 
house on this place. Eliza McMaster, John Chenery. 

The Dr. Israel Herrick place. Dr. Israel Herrick bought 
this place of Jonas Wheeler. The house on the place was 
burned after Dr. Herrick bought it ; whether Jonas Wheeler 
built the old house or not is uncertain. The probabilities are 
that he did not, but at this date there are no traditions and no 
records. The old buildings were burned as recorded elsewhere, 
and Dr. Herrick replaced them with new. Benj. G. Herrick. 

The Lafayette Herrick place. David Woodward, 2d., built 
the brick house on this place. Between Woodward and Karr 
there were changes of ownership of which I have no record. 
James H. Karr, Lafayette Herrick, Indianna Herrick. 

The Dea. Mclntire place. So far as is known, Joseph Kidder 
or some member of the Kidder family first settled on this land. 
It was deeded to John Kidder by Ephraim Powers, June 15, 
1772. Joseph Kidder built the house or part of it which stands 
on the land now. Nathaniel Tay, Elias Mclntire, Nathaniel 
T. Mclntire. 

The Israel Woodward place. Benjamin Fuller first built on 
this land ; then a Mr. Hackett, Israel Woodward, Hannah 
Woodward, Wilkes H. Hadley, Mrs. Martin. 

The Fuller homestead. Nov. n, 1767 Sewall Goodridge 
deeded to Andrew Fuller part of Lot 86, 2nd. division. Jan. 10, 
1772 Josiah Abbott deeded to Andrew Fuller the remainder of 
Lot 86. Nov. 20, 1773 Joseph Blaney deeded to Andrew Fuller 
Lot 5, 2nd. division. 

Andrew Fuller was the first settler and builder on this land 
and the farm has been handed from father to son until now. 
Andrew Fuller, Jr., Moses C. Fuller. This is one of the farms 
owned by a direct descendant of the first settler. 

The Pinnacle House estate. David Woodward was the first 
settler on this land and built a brick house thereon. John and 
David Gage, John W. Burnham, Edward W. Duncklee. Mr. 
Duncklee built the large summer hotel known as the Pinnacle 

The Isaac L. Duncklee place. Thomas Holt, Floyd, Isaac 
L. Duncklee, Clintie Duncklee. 

The David Holt homestead. William Holt and David Strat- 
ton settled on this land together. They built a log-house and 
occupied it one winter. William Holt then removed to an 


adjoining lot now owned by Benj. G. Herrick. Stratton 
remained and built the seventh frame house in L,yndeborough. 
He soon sold out to Holt, and the latter came back to this farm 
and it has remained in the family possession ever since. Wil- 
liam Holt, Oliver Holt, David Holt, Andy Holt, Fred Holt. 
Most of the present buildings were erected or improved during 
the ownership of David Holt. 

The Harvey Holt place. Dr. Benjamin Jones was the first 
settler on this land, and also the first settled physician in town. 
He took a deed of this land of James Andrews Aug. 29, 1770. 
He sold the place to his son Joseph, and built the brick house 
at the " Center." Harvey Holt, Henry H. Joslin. 

The David C. Grant place. Melchizedeck Boffee first made 
a home on this lot, taking a deed of the same from Jeremiah 
Lee, Aug 10, 1770. The next owner was John Boffee, his son. 
James Grant bought the farm but between Boffee and Grant 
there was probably a transfer of which we have no record. 
James Grant, David C. Grant, Arthur Grant, Frank H. Joslin. 

The Foster Woodward place. Foster Woodward bought this 
land of L,evi H. Woodward and erected the present buildings. 
Eliza and Josie Woodward. 

The " Houston " Woodward place. This land was originally 
part of the Stephenson estate. When Eleazer Woodward, Jr. 
sold his farm to the town, he bought here and built a house and 
barn. L,evi Houston Woodward, Dana B. Sargent, Mrs. Dana 
B. Sargent, Mrs. Mattie Putnam. 

The Williams Woodward place. Williams Woodward built 
the cottage on this place. Levi H. Woodward, Harriet - 
Myra Davis, Lizzie Hilt. 

The Stephenson homestead farm. John Stephenson was the 
first settler on this land and the ownership has descended from 
father to son to this day. John Stephenson was one of the early 
settlers and this farm was certainly improved by him as early as 
1755- John Stephenson, John Stephenson, Jr., Jonathan Steph- 
enson, Willis J. Sephenson. John Stephenson took a deed 
from B. Lynde Dec. 20, 1764 of Lot 55, 2nd division and March 
5, 1780 he bought of the same party Lot 56, 2nd division. Nov. 
2, 1768 he bought of Benj. Cram part of Lot 59. 


The Watkins place. This place was probably first improved 
by some member of the Kidder family. Either Phineas, Phin- 
eas, or Phineas C., known as "Old Phineas," "Middle Phin- 


eas " and "Young Phineas " ; then Oliver Watkins, David 

The Old Parker Tavern stand. Jonathan Parker was the 
builder of a log house on this land. Isaiah Parker, Charles 
Parker ; then a number of transient occupants ; George R. 

The James W. Merrill place. William lyoring, Manley Kid- 
der, who built the present house. James W. Merrill. 

The Charles Parker place. Charles Parker, George Dunck- 
lee, George H. Stevens, Horace D. Gage. 

The Jonas Abbott place. Owned and occupied for many 
years by the Abbott family. Charles I,. Avery 

The Christie place. First house on this place built by John 
K. Christie. Morris Frye, Charles Goodrich, Charles R. Smith. 

The Dea. John C. Goodrich place. Ebenezer Hutchinson 
first settled on this place. John Southwick, John C. Goodrich 
and Eliphalet Atwood, John C. Goodrich, John H. Goodrich. 
The post office at North Lyndeborough was always kept at this 

The Paul Atwood place. Paul Atwood built the house on 
this place. John H. Goodrich ; now owned by Mrs Stella E. 

The Benjamin Ames place. Jonathan Thayer first built 
here. William H. Gould, I^uther Odell, Benjamin B. Ames, 
Edward E. Rogers. 

The John Clark place. John Clark, a brother of Major 
Peter, built and settled on this place in 1776. Sarah C. Good- 
rich, Ella M. Quiggle. 

The Senter place. Either Asa or Benjamin Senter first im- 
proved this place. The traditions indicate that it was Asa. 
Franklin Senter, Charles H. Senter. 

The Francis Epps or Osborne place. Samuel Senter 
deeded part of I^ot 107 to Francis "Epse," Nov. 15, 1771. 
Daniel Epes deeded part of I,ot 108 to the same Francis, Jan. 
15, 1772. . . Francis Epps was the first builder and settler 
on this land. Eliphalet Atwood, William H. Osborne, Charles 
H. Bailey, Adams & Mudgett. 

The Starrett place. Asa Palmer, Richard Batten, Martin 
Whitney, William Starrett, Allen Brown. * 

The Nathan Brown place. Nathan Brown, Jonathan Clark, 
Allen A. Brown. 

The Daniel Proctor place. Daniel Proctor, John Proctor. 


The Major Peter Clark place, Benjamin " Epes " deeded 
this land to Peter Clark, Dec. 23, 1773. He built the house 
and mill as recorded in another chapter. William Clark, Capt. 
Peter Clark. Present owner, Henry K. Holden. 

The Allen Brown place. Allen Brown, John C. Goodrich, 
who built the present house, Patrick Hanley, John Wellman, 
Daniel Henderson, Oliver Harris, Mark Morse, Mark Morse 
heirs, J. McL/ane. 

The Boardman place. Thomas Boardman first improved 
this land. Daniel N. Boardman, Peter Clark, Samuel Dyer, 
W. K. Cochran, Alfred C. Wilder, Irwin D. Wilder. 

The old Proctor place. John Proctor first built on the side 
of the mountain south of this place. He afterward bought this 
place of Charles Whitmarsh. Charles Whitmarsh, John Proc- 
tor, Sylvester Proctor, David K. Proctor. 

The Asa Hill place. Abel Hill, Asa Hill, Asa Hill heirs, 
W. C. Wilder, Merrill T. Spalding. 

The Needham place. Daniel Plummer, David Stiles, Jr., 
Martin Whitney, William Iy. Needham, Warren Needham, 
Mrs. Harry Morse. 


John Johnson to Adam Johnson, Dec. 29, 1746, Lot 45, ist 

^BHas Taylor to Adam Johnson, March 17, 1758, Lot 45, ist 
division, with a full share of common or undivided land. 

Adam Johnson to Rachel Johnson, April 9, 1768, Lot 59, ist 

Elias Taylor to Adam Johnson, March 17, 1758, Lot 46, ist 

John Johnson to Adam Johnson, April 8, 1772, Lot 58, ist 

James Johnson to B. Lynde, Sept. 22, 1772, Lot 56, 2nd 

James Boutwell to Adam Johnson, Jan. 14, 1775, Lot 58, ist 

Solomon Cram .to Adam Johnson, July i, i77 2 I/>t- 2 3> ist 

The above transcripts from the registrar of deeds office shows 
the amount of land in part owned by the Johnson family, and 
why that section of the town was early called Johnson's 

The David Carkin place. David Carkin, Asher Curtis, 


Alfred Nourbourn. Mr. Nourbourn occupies this place now 
as a summer home. 

The Edwin Patch place. Joseph Chamberlain first built on 

this place. Edwin N. Patch, Clough, Robert T. S. Shep- 

ard, Robert T. S. Shepard heirs. 

The Rose place. Solomon Cram was first settler on this 
land. Timothy Putnam, Abram Rose, Brackley Rose, George 
Rose, George Rose heirs, Willard Rose. 

The Eli Clark Curtis place. This land was part of the 
Carleton estate. Dudley Carlton built the brick house. Ama- 
ziah Blanchard, E. C. Curtis. 

The Amaziah Blanchard place. Amaziah Blanchard first 
settled on this land. William W. Curtis, Asher Curtis. 

The old Carkin homestead or Robert Lynch place. John 
Carkin, Aaron Carkin, Rufus Chamberlain, Robert K. Lynch, 
W. W. Curtis, Edward W. Curtis. 

The Andrew Tyler place. Andrew Tyler built the house on 
this place. Sally Curtis, William Richardson. 

The Asa Manning place. Jacob Manning, Asa Manning, 
Solon Richardson, Willis Perham, Walter S. Shepard. This 
record is imperfect. Between Manning and Richardson were 
probably transfers of this land of which we have no information. 

This place was once used as the Mont Vernon poor farm. 
Some of the older residents of the town can remember when it 
was thus used, but we have been unable to find anyone who 
could tell the reason of Mont Vernon' s coming over into Lynde- 
borough for a place to maintain their paupers. 

The William H. Bowen farm. This place was originally 
part of the Johnson property. A man named Brown once lived 
there, but whether he built the old set of buildings which were 
on the place when Burnham Russell bought it cannot now be 
told. Orrin Russell built the present house. Burnham Russell, 
Orrin Russell, Joseph White, William H. Bowen. .Mr. Bowen 
has added to and remodeled the whole set of buildings. 

The Burnham Russell farm. John Johnson, Adam Johnson, 
Edmund Perkins, Burnham Russell, Aaron W. Russell. 

The Kilburn S. Curtis place. Amos Wilkins, William Car- 
son, Josiah Russell, John Ramsdell, Asher Curtis, Kilburn S. 
Curtis, Mrs. Frances Curtis. Kilburn S. Curtis built the pres- 
ent set of buildings. The old house was once struck by light- 
ning and badly damaged. 

The David D. Clark place. Jacob Wellman, John and Polly 


Wellman, David D. Clark, Fred Lowe, George J. Carson. The 
house standing on this farm is said by the Rev. Mr. Clark to be 
one of the oldest in town. 

Alexander Carson place. Alexander Carson, Benj. Gould, 
John Wellman, William R. Duncklee, Isaac L. Duncklee, 
Leonard G. Brown. Ira R. Brown built the present house. 

The Leonard G. Brown place. Ezekiel Upton, James L. 
Clark, Robert R. Brown, C. H. Holt, Leonard G. Brown. Be- 
tween the ownership of Mr. Upton and Mr. Clark, a man named 
Marvell lived here, but whether as owner or tenant is not known. 

The Charles L. Perham place. John Hutchinson, first set- 
tler. Rev. Mr. Clark says that "he gave a bond to Jonathan 
Peal of Salem, Mass., July 10, 1736, that he would have within 
four years a dwelling house, 20x18, built and twelve acres 
cleared, broken up, and fenced in." The deed was given Sept. 
27, 1760, and the conditions were fulfilled. 

The next owner of which we can get any account was Abel 
Hill, but between Hutchinson and Hill there were probably 
tranfers of the land. It is known that David Butterfield lived 
there for a time. This] farm was deeded by Abel Hill to James 
L. Clark, Apr. 20, 1815. Asa Clark, Oliver Perham, Charles 
L. Perham. 

The Haggett place. John Haggett, Joseph Haggett, Joseph 
Haggett heirs, D. Whiting & Sons, E. C. Curtis. 

The Micah Hartshorn place. Micah Hartshorn, Samuel N. 
Hartshorn. Samuel N. Hartshorn heirs, Eliphalet J. Hardy, 
Owen E. Hardy, Edward G. Hall. 

The Persons S. Holt place. Now owned and occupied as a 
summer home by the heirs of John Herrick. 

The Jeremiah Carleton place. Jeremiah Carleton, James 
Donnell and John Hartshorn, Joseph Chamberlain, Israel Cur- 
tis, Eli C. Curtis. 


The Jesse Simonds place. Jonas Kidder took a deed of this 
land from Benjamin Lynde May i, 1766. After Mr. Kidder re- 
moved to Hudson there were one or two transfers of the prop- 
erty of which we can find no record. He was the first settler on 
the land, and kept a tavern there. The old tavern built by 1 
was torn down in the early 6o's by Jesse Simonds, who built tn 
present house. In 1840 Jesse Reed owned the place, then 
Charles Woodward, Jesse Simonds, John D. Butler, Rob 


The I^evi Spalding place. The house on this place was 
built by one of the Spalding family, Henry Spalding, proba- 
bly. Ivevi Spaldiug, L,evi Spalding heirs, Frank Starrett, 
Warren Nichols. 

The Daniel Woodward place. There is a tradition that there 
was a log house on the land when Daniel Woodward bought it, 
about the year 1800. He built a brick house there in 1820. 
Daniel Woodward, Jr., Sumner French, Sumner French heirs, 
Willis J. Stephenson. House destroyed by fire. 

The Dutton place. Reuben Dutton, Benjamin Dutton, Bet- 
sey E. Dutton, John Fletcher. , 

The Houston place. Dea. Samuel Houston first built here, 
and the farm was owned by the Houston family until their re- 
moval to Iowa. Buildings long since torn down. 

The Whiting place. Dea. Oliver Whiting or his father first 
improved this land. After he removed to New York, there were 
transfers of the property of which we have no record. The 
buildings have been torn down, and part of the land is owned 
by D. B. Whittemore. 

The Nathan Cummings place. This was a part of the large 
tract of land once owned by Edward, Stephen, Capt. I,evi, and 
Henry Spalding. It is probable that one of these men built 
the old house which stood there. Nathan Cummings built the 
present cottage. Henry Joslin, Nathan Cummings, Mrs. Na- 
than Cummings. 

Sherebiah Manning place. Benjamin Jones built the large, 
two-storied house which stands on this farm and was the first 
settler there. Sherebiah Manning built the barn. Benj. Jones, 
Sherebiah Manning, I,evi P. Spalding. Millard Wilson. 

The " Paige '* Spalding place. A comparison of records and 
traditions seems to show that Capt. Nathaniel Bachelder was 
the first settler here. Dea. Abram Patch, Edward P. Spalding, 
Edward Parry, Edward Parry heirs. 

The Twitchell place. Of this place we can get but little in- 
formation. Asa Twitchell lived there for a time as did George 
R. Barnes. It is now owned by Mrs. M. A. Sweetserof Stone- 
ham, Mass, and occupied as a summer home. 

The Whittemore homestead. Daniel Whittemore took a 
a deed of the lot, numbered 124, 2nd division, April 28, 1770. 
It is one of the four farms in Lyndeborough which are tilled by 
a direct descendant of the first settler on the land. Aaron Whit- 
temore, Aaron Whittemore, Daniel B. Whittemore. 



In the olden time, as has been intimated in another chapter, 
the people of L,yndeborough were industrious to a fault. But 
the reason is not far to seek; it took pretty nearly all their 
time to earn a living. 

Within comparatively recent times, however, the towns- 
people have become accustomed to taking a day off for some 
sort of recreation, and that fact is easily explained, too. The 
stone walls that cross and re-cross the town in every direction 
were nearly all built long ago. Clearing the land of the stone 
for walls left the fields in readiness for farm machinery ; and 
with the advent of the mowing machine, the horse-rake, the 
hay-fork, the corn-planter, and the cultivator, out-of-door work 
that used to be done slowly, by hand, is done rapidly now 
by machine. A similar revolution has taken place within the 
housekeeper's domain, for much work formerly done in the 
kitchen, by hand, is now done by machine in factories of many 
kinds, at a distance. 

Having more of leisure in it, the life of the average citizen 
has been modified, perhaps, by the bright city cousin and the 
jolly summer boarder who have been coming to L,yndeborough 
for many years to enjoy, for a season, the wholesome hospitality 
of a New Hampshire country town. % Be that as it may, the 
stranger from ' ' down below ' ' often helps to enliven the basket 
picnic that, on occasion, calls together men, women and chil- 
dren from all parts of the town. 

One such picnic was held years ago on the top of Pinnacle 
Mountain. Several ox-teams were employed by the committee 
on transportation, and it is safe to say that more oxen were 
up there that day than can be found in the whole town now. 
One man rode in a wagon all the way up a feat probably 
never performed before or since. 

Other picnics have been held at "Purgatory" Falls, at 
Barnes' Falls and in a grove near the old Parker place on the 
turnpike. A brass band, with headquarters at North Lynde- 


borough, assisted in drawing people to this grove, and on at 
least one occasion the Lafayette Artillery Co. was present. 

More ambitious attempts at making a holiday distinguish the 
years 1879 and 1880 when town fairs were held at the centre. 

At a public meeting held in August, 1879, a committee was 
chosen "to see what action the people would take to start a 
town fair." The committee was as follows : 

Fred A. Richardson, David C. Grant, David G. Dickey, I/uther Cram, 
Joel H. Tarbell, Franklin Senter, Wm. W. Burton, E. C. Curtis, George 
Rose, D. B. Whittemore, Jotham Hildreth, Charles I/. Avery. 

This committee met on August 25th, voted to organize for a 
town fair, and chose Daniel B. Whittemore, president ; George 
Rose, vice-president ; John H. Goodrich, secretary and treas- 
urer ; Eli C. Curtis, general superintendent. The committee 
also appointed the following persons trustees : 

District No. i. F. A. Richardson, Martin Whitney, David G. Dickey. 

" "2. Benjamin G. Herrick, David C. Grant. 

" "3. Charles F. Tarbell, Artemas Woodward, Luther Cram. 

" " 4. Erwin D. Wilder, Franklin Senter. 

" " 5. Wm. W. Burton, Wm. N. Ryerson. 

" 6. Geo. W. Parker, Charles Tarbell, John Batchelder. 

" "7. Geo. Rose, Chas. L. Perham. 

" 8. D. B. Whittemore, 1,. P. Spalding. 

" "9. Jotham Hildreth. 

" " 10. Chas. I/. Avery. 

At later meetings a constitution and by-laws were adopted, 
judges were appointed, other necessary arrangements were 
made and October i was fixed upon to be the day of the fair. 

At ii o'clock, A. M., on the day named, a procession was 
formed in the following order : 

Capt. Andy Holt, Chief Marshal 

George E. Spalding, Marshal 

Mont Vernon Brass Band 

I/afayette Artillery Co. 

Town Team, composed of thirteen yoke of oxen 
Citizens in carriages 

On the common, during the day, there were various tests of 
strength and endurance, and on an improvised track, near by, 
there was a horse-race, probably the only formal race of the 
kind ever seen in L,yndeborough. (Sometimes, it may be said, 
the ringing of the church bell has excited the horses of people 
making their way, single file, towards the centre of the town, 
so that they became, practically, unmanageable. In such 


cases usually the best horse arrived first. But horse racing has 
always been held in much disfavor by most L/yndeborough 

Some of the best live stock in town, cattle, horses and sheep, 
was on exhibition and in the town hall there was to be seen the 
best the people could do in the way of fruits and vegetables, 
butter, cheese, and bread, some of it made from home-grown 

Besides, there were exhibits of needle work, both ancient and 
modern, and a number of articles, interesting on account of age 
or associations, such, for example, as the chair, no years 
old, which was once the property of the Rev. Sewall Goodrich, 
and the samples of cloth shown by Mrs. E. Cram. This cloth 
was woven in 1772 by the great-grandmother of the exhibitor. 

After dinner the president of the day called the company to 
order and speeches were made by Mr. David C. Grant, Mr. C. 
H. Holt and Hon. Joseph Chamberlain, of Worcester, Mass. 

The officials of the second fair, held Sept. 22, 1880, were about 
the same as those of the previous year, with the exception of the 
judges, who were more numerous and whose names follow: 

Live Stock. Luther Cram, Erwin D. Wilder, Geo. E. Spalding; F. A. 
Richardson, Charles Tarbell, Charles L- Perham; Rufus Chamberlain, 
Nathan Richardson, Edwin N. Patch; Wm. H. Clark, James H. Karr, Al- 
bert Cram; J. A. Woodward, B. J. Clark, Robt. K. Lynch. 

Fruit, Vegetables and Seeds. Rev. T. P. Sawin, John E. Batchelder, 
David Putnam; Geo. Rose, Everett E. Lowe, Geo. H. Stevens; David G. 
Dickey, Benj. G. Herrick, N. W. Tarbell. 

Bread and Dairy Products. David C. Grant and Mrs. Grant, Mrs. Geo. 

Knit and Fancy Goods, Embroidery, Cut Flowers, etc. Mrs. E. C. 
Curtis, Mrs. D. B. Whittemore, Mrs. G. E. Spalding; Mrs. B. G. Herrick, 
Mrs. D. G. Dickey, Mrs. J. E. Batchelder; Mrs. C. L. Perham, Mrs. J. C. 
Ordway, Mrs. C. F. Tarbell; Miss Ida Patch, Mrs. Belle Boutwell, Mrs. 
J. A. Woodward. 

The list of prizes awarded in 1880 is given in full in the Mil- 
ford Enterprise of Sept. 27, and is, approximately, a catalogue of 
the products of the town. The names of a large proportion of 
the families of Lyndeborough appear in this list, or somewhere 
else in the secretary's book. 

The music of the day was by the Mont Vernon band. Mr. 
David H. Goodell of Antrim, who was Governor of New Hamp- 
shire a few years later, made an address. 

These town fairs were good examples, on a very small scale, 
to be sure, of the thoroughly respectable agricultural fair that 


used to entertain and instruct great numbers of New England 
people, and provide the occasion for dignified speeches by the 
governor of the state and by other men of note. 




There was a strong desire on the part of many of the people 
living in L,yndeborough at the time the town had reached the 
age of one hundred years, to fittingly celebrate the event, and 
some steps were taken to do so. But for some reason the 
scheme fell through. It would seem now that it was unfor- 
tunate for the history of the town that the people did not carry 
out their good intentions. A historical sketch written at that 
time would be very interesting to compare with that which we 
have been able to gather now. 

Fifty years later at the March meeting, 1889, the question of 
celebrating the one hundred and fiftieth anniversary was 
brought up and it was unanimously voted to hold a celebration.* 
The following committee was chosen to make the necessary ar- 
rangements : 

Fred A. Richardson Harvey Perham 

Henry H. Joslin Eli C. Curtis 

Fred B. Richards Daniel B. Whittemore 

Ei-win D. Wilder Sewell M. Buck 

William W. Burton Charles I/. Avery 

A special town meeting was called on Aug. 10 for the pur- 
pose of perfecting arrangements and appropriating money to pay 
expenses, and it is a curious, and in some respects a ludicrous 
fact, that this meeting extended into three days before the "red 
tape ' ' of the law could be complied with and the money legally 
appropriated. This with no opposition to the measure. The 
sum of three hundred dollars was placed in the hands of the 
committee to carry on the work. 

David C. Grant was chosen president of the day, Andy Holt 
chief marshal, and Jacob A. Woodward, toastmaster. A mam- 
moth tent was hired in Boston and was pitched on the common, 
just south of the town hall. 

*At the time this celebration was proposed, Mr. David C. Grant and many others inter- 
ested in the event, were of the opinion that John Badger was the first settler within the 
limits of Salem-Canada, and that he made his beginning {^1739. 

Later researches, however, serve to prove that so far as his being the first settler 
such was not the fact, and that really the celebration should have been held in 1887. 
So far as the celebration is concerned this matter is immaterial now, and this note is 
inserted to explain any discrepancy which a careful reader of the foregoing chapters of 
this history might find. 


The day selected, Wednesday, Sept. 4, was all that could be 
desired in the way of weather. Cloudless skies, cool, bracing 
air, and warm sun, made an ideal day. Sons and daughters of 
Lyndeborough had come from all over the country to visit their 
native town, and to help by their presence in making the day 
one to be remembered. Many of the citizens had decorated 
their homes in honor of the occasion. The residence of Charles 
R. Boutwell was especially noticeable. On the front was the 
inscription, 1739 1889. The grounds as well as the house 
were beautiful with national colors and other devices. George 
E. Spalding also put out numerous flags, and displayed a por- 
trait of the first settled physician in town. At sunrise the bells 
were rung and a salute was fired. At 9 o'clock a procession 
was formed on the common in the following order : 

Platoon of Police 

Chief marshal, Andy Holt, and aides 

C. Henry Holt in command of militia, and staff 

Peterborough Band, 22 pieces, C. E. White, leader 

Lafayette Artillery Co., A. S. Conant, captain 

Section of Artillery, Sergeant A. T. Ford 
Post Harvey Holt, G. A. R., Jason Holt, commander 

Color Guard 

Sons of Veterans, Edward Ross, captain 
Woman's Relief Corps, and citizens in private carriages. 
The route of the procession was through the historic street of 
the "centre." In the evening the village was illuminated, and 
there was a fine display of fireworks, generously paid for by 
Boutwell Bros, of L,owell, Mass. 

At 10 o'clock A. M. the meeting which had assembled. under 
the large tent was called to order by the president of the day, 
Mr. D. C. Grant, who said : 

The hour has arrived which was assigned by the committee for the 
celebration of the one hundred and fiftieth anniversary of the settlemen 
of Lyndeborough. If we had arranged a day to our own liking, we could 
not have selected a more beautiful day than this. We have come i 
gether upon a very interesting occasion, for the purpose of connectn 
the future with the past by a golden link which cannot be broken. < 
hundred and ninety-nine years ago, whoever was traveling through 
village of Salem, Massachusetts, would have seen a little band colle 
together to go on an expedition to Canada. That little band was coi 
nianded by Capt. Samuel King. That expedition returned late in t 
season, having met with defeat and disaster. They found the excheque 
of Massachusetts depleted, and they were not paid for their services 

One hundred and fifty-four years ago 1'ast June the Commonwealth ot 
Massachusetts granted to Capt. Samuel King and his co-laborers for 
their services, a certain tract of land six miles square, lying west 


ragansett No. 3 so called then, now Amherst and part of Mont Vernon. 
One hundred and fifty-four years ago the proprietors who were associated 
with Capt. Samuel King met together and had their land surveyed ; and 
the remains of it are what is now left of Lyndeborough, but at that time 
a part of Wilton, Mont Vernon and Milford. 

Those early settlers, those earlier proprietors, made an effort to have 
the land surveyed, and one hundred and fifty years ago this last season 
they had built a few cabins, and they spent the winter of 1739-40 in the 
limits of old Lyndeborough, planting the first settlement, laboring 
against the forces of nature to establish for themselves and for their pos- 
terity a home. That home has been transmitted to us, and we, their 
children, to-day have met to connect, as I said before, with a golden link, 
the bright silver chain of circumstances which has brought this town 
into its present position. Last March a few of the citizens of Lyndebor- 
ough conceived the idea that we had neglected the works of those noble 
and worthy men in that distant day as they came here into this forest 
home and established the homes which we now this day enjoy. The 
town unanimously voted to celebrate that event, and invitations have 
been extended to you, and you are here today to unite with us in con- 
necting that important event with the events of this day and with the 
future. We thank you for having responded so nobly and so generously 
to that call ; and the God of heaven has smiled upon us, and lest we 
should forget our dependence upon that God, the God of our fathers and 
our God, let us all unite in calling upon His name to assist us in these 
services, that they may redound to His glory and to the benefit of man- 
kind. I will call upon the Rev. Mr. Childs to lead us in prayer. 

Rev. Mr. Childs of L/yndborough Centre then offered prayer. 

The President. We have with us to-day one who was born 
and reared in our midst, and we could discover nothing 
very remarkable in him while a boy. As he grew up to 
manhood he served us as superintending school committee, first 
as school teacher, then as merchant. He has since wandered 
from the fold, and has gained the reputation of being as good a 
specimen of the live Yankee as Lyndeborough has ever been 
known to produce. I have the pleasure of introducing to you 
William W. Curtis. 

Mr. Curtis. Fellow-citizens of the Town of Lyndeborough : Let God 
be praised for having set apart so perfect a day for this commemora- 
tion of our illustrious fathers and mothers, who fashioned and moulded 
the golden principles of justice, honor and manhood and handed them 
down to us, that they might be everlastingly perpetuated to all future 
generations of the sons and daughters of this, their native home. 

Mr. Curtis then read a poem, the manuscript of which is not 
available for this history. 

The President. We have with us, to-day, another one of the 
noble sons of Lyndeborough who spent his youthful days with 


us, who has gone forth as an educator and an instructor ; after- 
wards, to preach the everlasting Gospel to the people. He 
comes to you to-day, after many years of experience and after 
many months of hard searching upon our musty records. He 
has gleaned much from them and will now lay before you a part 
of the results of his labors. I have the honor and the pleasure 
of introducing to you the Rev. F. G. Clark, of Medford, Mass. 

The address of Mr. Clark was listened to with close attention 
and was greeted with much applause. It was the first con- 
nected story of I/yndeborough or rather Salem-Canada-Iyynde- 
borough, to which the great majority of the citizens of the town 
had ever listened. With his permission much of it has been 
incorporated in this history. 

During the delivery of the Historical Address, a pause was 
made for the singing of a hymn, concerning which Mr. Clark 
said : The hymn now to be sung is a hymn that was written by 
Dr. Herrick for the last service held in the old church which 
stood where the present town-house now stands. 

The exercises were resumed at 2 p. M., and the president 
said : We have with us to-day another of the sons of L/ynde- 
borough, who grew up amongst us, who went to our schools, 
who played with us, and who, in his early manhood, prepared 
himself to teach others. He has wandered away, and he has 
returned to us with a message. I have the honor and the 
pleasure of introducing to you Professor Daniel Putnam, of 
Ypsilanti, Mich. 

(Prof. Putnam then delivered the following oration.) 

Ladies and Gentlemen : I am both proud and glad to address you as 
my fellow townsmen. It is true that in one aspect we are strangers. 
Your faces are new to me as mine is to you. Five and forty years seem 
to the young an almost endless age. They do indeed form a large part 
of any ordinary human life. So many years have passed since I ceased 
to be a resident of this my native town. Only seldom during all these 
years have I visited for a brief time these once familiar scenes. A gener- 
ation and more has passed away. I meet the children and the grand- 
children of my school-fellows. They may be pardoned for looking upon 
me as a preserved relic of antediluvian times, a returning Rip Van 
Winkle of the days "before the war." 

Yet some things are unchanged. "The common" here where you 
chairman and I used " to train," almost half a century ago, m the then 
celebrated " Lyndeboro Light Infantry," is scarcely changed in a single 
feature. I regret that the old " Meeting House " is gone. I can t 
my " mind's eye " at this moment its dingy yellow outside, it 
of small windows ; in the interior its square pews, its ^e gallery, its 
high pulpit and its wonderful " sounding board " suspended abo 


minjster's head. The old house deserved to be spared and preserved as 
a relic of the olden times, and on account of the associations which 
had, in the lapse of years, gathered about it. "The mountain" yonder 
is the same ; the hills which I used to climb are the same. The rocks 
are still here, as many and as huge as ever. I find the same narrow 
valleys and winding roads. From the hilltops are the same wide views 
arid charming prospects of nature. 

One may be allowed, to exclaim, in borrowed words : 

" Ye crags and peaks, I'm with you once again ! 

O sacred forms, how proud you look ! 
How high you lift your heads into the sky ! 

How huge you are, how mighty and how free ! " 

An anniversary such as has gathered us together to-day naturally 
turns the thoughts of those who have reached or passed the mid-day 
point of life, backward. The traveler, who climbs with toilsome steps up 
one of our native hills, pauses now and then and turns to measure over 
with his eye the path along which he has been struggling, following all 
its windings and numbering all its mile-stones. 

We have come from our homes and our wanderings to greet one 
another as we rest for a few moments round about the hundred and 
fiftieth mile-stone which marks the age of our municipal life. Looking 
backward from this height I see with tolerable distinctness three score of 
these annual way-marks. Five others are partially obscured from view 
by the haze which covers early childhood. Some of you can see as 
many ; a few can count a larger number ; most of you stop reckoning 
before you reach a score and a half. 

In addressing you under these circumstances I find myself impelled 
to speak briefly of some of the things which have been crowded into the 
space of five and sixty years, to note a few of the changes which have 
taken place, and to inquire whether, on the whole, real, healthful and 
hopeful progress has been made. Our starting point is the year 1824. 
The second term of the fifth President of the United States was drawing 
towards its close. Only forty-eight years had passed since the Declara- 
tion of Independence and only thirty-five since the organization of the 
government under the constitution. Many of the younger actors in the 
great Revolution, and in the events which immediately followed, were 
still vigorous and influential in public affairs. Two years later, on the 
fourth of July, just fifty years from the day when the Declaration of 
Independence was promulgated, the second and third presidents of the 
republic passed away. 

During the years which have intervened the territory of the country 
has been enlarged at least three-fold ; the states have increased from 
twenty-four to forty-two, and the population has grown from ten millions 
to more than sixty millions. 

The progress in inventions, in sciences and arts in machinery, in means 
of travel and transportation, indeed in everything which has to do with 
civilix.ation and with the comforts and conveniences of life, has been 
simply marvelous. The wildest dreams of imagination have been more 
than realized. In my early boyhood the stage-coach afforded the most 


rapid means of conveyance, and goods were transported into the interior 
of the country by huge, lumbering wagons drawn by four, six, or eight 
horses. The Erie canal was opened in 1825, and the first railroad in the 
United States was put in operation in 1826. This was the Quincy road, 
less than four miles in length, operated by horse-power, and used to 
transport the granite from the quarries to tidewater. Locomotives were 
first employed for railroad transportation in 1829 or 1830. These were 
crude in form and construction, weighing scarcely more than a ton. 
The first telegraph line was erected and the first message transmitted 
over the wires -in 1844. The first really successful Atlantic cable was laid 
in 1866. Time does not permit me to speak of the sewing-machine, of 
mowers and reapers, of the telephone and of the thousand other wonders 
of the last half of this nineteenth century. 

Our progress in the directions to which I have thus hastily referred is 
so obvious and so gratifying to the natural vanity of the human mind 
that we never tire in boasting of it. It would be worse than folly to be- 
little this progress even if one were so disposed. 

But widening territory, increasing population, accumulating wealth of 
material resources are not the sole, or even the most important indica- 
tions of real advancement either in a nation or in a limited, local com- 
munity. We can judge more correctly and wisely in respect to the prog- 
ress when we know how this territory is occupied, improved and 
governed ; when we know of what sort and character this swelling popu- 
lation is, and when we have learned in what ways these resources are 
used. The present must be compared with the past if we would be sure 
in respect to the character of the changes which have taken place, and 
would determine whether, on the whole, the condition of things is better 
than it was half a century ago. 

It will be impossible to make any general comparison, beyond that 
already indicated, that of the New England of today with the New 
England of the times of Andrew Jackson or of the grandfather of the 
present President of the United States ; or of the Lyndeborough of 1889 
with the L,yndeborough of 1839, the Lyndeborough of my youth. But it 
may be of service to us, especially to the younger of us, to institute such 
a comparison in a few particulars. 

It may be frankly admitted that a sort of halo seems, at times, to 
gather about the heads of the men and women of our childhood. Dis- 
tance obscures roughness of character as it does roughness of the land- 
scape. It hides many a sharp angle and uncouth feature of the form and 
face as it does those of the hills and mountains. In remembrance, time 
mellows dispositions as it does unripe fruits. In our comparisons we 
shall strive to guard against the influence of this weakness of nature. 

It is natural to commence with the population itself. How does the 
general character of the population of to-day compare with that of fifty 
years ago ? At that time the population of the rural New England towns 
was, in the main, homogeneous. Within the range of my immediate 
personal acquaintance in boyhood I can recall but a single family of 
foreign birth. The families were all of essentially the same stock, d. 
scendants of the original settlers. In some cases nearly half 
families of a neighborhood bore the same surname. There were no race 


separations, distinctions or prejudices. The people spoke the same lan- 
guage, had the same traditions, and were animated by the same prin- 
ciples. They were, in some cases, narrow, provincial, an unfriendly 
critic would probably say, bigoted. They clung with great tenacity to 
inherited peculiarities, and without doubt overestimated the value and 
importance of some religious and political dogmas. But they were 
Americans, and Americans only, without prefix or suffix. They were 
neither Irish-Americans, nor German-Americans, nor French-Americans, 
nor any other qualified sort of Americans, but Americans pure and 

It is hardly necessary to say that to day the population of New England 
is far less homogeneous. Not only the great cities and large villages 
but, in some sections, the country districts are becoming filled with men 
and women of foreign birth. According to a recent writer, in one of our 
periodicals, in Massachusetts "Out of a population of 1,942,142, the 
foreign-born number 526,867, not including such children of alien parent- 
age as have been born in the United States. The foreign-born represent 
one-fifth of the people employed in agriculture, one-half of those em- 
ployed in the fisheries, two-fifths of those employed in the manufactures, 
and two-thirds of those employed in mining and as laborers." 

The mass of the foreign population of New England has come from 
Ireland and Canada. The great influx of immigration from Ireland 
began about 1847. The Canadian French began to come in large numbers 
about 1867. The inflow still continues in undiminished volume. 
" Two successive steamers of one line brought to the port of Boston in 
April last, 2,100 steerage passengers from Ireland, eleven-twelfths of 
whom intended settling in New England, and almost every train from 
Canada brings from one to three cars filled with French Canadians 
seeking new homes in Massachusetts and her sister states." 

The rapidity with which the French population has increased in New 
England is almost beyond belief. " In Manchester, out of a population 
of 40,000, 12,000 are of this nationality. In Nashua, out of a population 
of 17,500, 5,500 are French, a gain of fully one-half in five years. In 
Lowell they constitute one-third of the population." Many other large 
towns and cities show a like condition of affairs. 

It is not necessary to make further quotations of statistics. The facts 
are doubtless familiar to you, and you can sum up for yourselves the 
results of our comparison. Even the most hopeful will hesitate to declare 
the new condition of things better than the old in respect to population. 

I am conscious of no prejudice against men born in other lands and 
bred under the influence of institutions different from our own. I count 
among such some of my warmest personal friends and most esteemed 

But have we not flung our doors open too wide ? Can we afford to 
admit and welcome without discrimination? We have barred our West- 
ern gates against the "heathen Chinee," but our Northern and Eastern 
gates are practically unguarded. Let intelligence and virtue come, but 
we have no room for more of ignorance, and vice and crime. Of these 
we have more than enough of native production. The paupers and 
anarchists of Europe are as much to be dreaded as the coolies of Asia. 


The ignorance and illiteracy of the North are as dangerous to the purity 
of the ballot-box and the permanency of our institutions as those of the 

A comparison of social and political conditions naturally follows the 
comparison of population. 

A hundred or even fifty years ago, the New England towns afforded the 
best known example of a pure democracy. This was true not only in 
respect to affairs of government, but also in respect to social conditions. 
There were no fixed and recognized lines dividing the people into classes 
or casts. There were then, as there always have been and always will be, 
differences in intelligence, in education, in refinement, in wealth, in in- 
fluence, indeed in everything in which men can differ. But such differ- 
ences were incidental, individual, and temporary. There were no classes 
of capitalists and laborers; of employers and employees. No young man 
regarded himself as born into a caste, and as belonging to a particular 
class of society. No young woman thought of herself as predestined, by 
the accident of birth, to be a servant or a mistress, an employer or a 
drudge. The boy worked on the farm or in the shop of his neighbor. 
But he worked with his employer as well as for him. The girl did ser- 
vice in the kitchen of her mother's neighbor and friend, but her social 
position was not thereby changed. The next year the boy became owner 
of a farm, and very likely employed the son of his former employer. 
The girl became mistress of her own house, and in turn employed the 
daughters of her neighbors. The employed and the employers were of 
the same stock and often of kindred blood, and were constantly chang- 
ing places and relations. Social equality was not disturbed. 

Even where large numbers of persons were employed the conditions 
were essentially the same. In my early boyhood the newly-erected cot- 
ton mills of Nashua and Lowell were filled with the self-respecting and 
respected sons and daughters of New England farmers and mechanics. 
The " overseers " and the "hands "were often old acquaintances and 
friends, frequently from the same neighborhoods and the same families. 
Outside the work-rooms they met and associated on terms of perfect 

While doubtless something of this old condition of equality still sur- 
vives in towns like our own, and in communities which have retained 
their original homogeneous character, it has almost entirely disappeared 
in the large cities and in all the great manufacturing establishments. 
During the last quarter of a century there has been a constantly increas- 
ing tendency towards the creation of permanent classes in society and 
towards the formation of sharp and clearly defined lines of separation 
between these classes. These lines run through social life and social 
organizations ; in some quarters they appear in religious life and relig- 
ious organizations ; and they are beginning to make their way into the 
dangerous domain of politics, and threaten to become the basis of politi- 
cal organizations and political action. 

It will have to be admitted, I think, that our present social and poli 
cal conditions do not, on the whole, compare favorably with those which 
existed half a century ago. Some real dangers threaten us. These s 
serious enough to cause apprehension if not alarm. Some tendencies 


must be checked, and some acknowledged evils must be corrected if our 
institutions are to be maintained in their purity and integrity. The 
right of suffrage must be so guarded that the reported result of an elec- 
tion shall indicate the will of the majority of the actual voters. If in a 
sharply contested election voters can be sold and bought like cattle, at 
so much a head ; if votes can be bargained for like any other marketable 
commodity ; if the tricks of petty ward politicians and the manipula- 
tions of self-constituted leaders are to determine candidates and control 
the policies of great parties then our boasted right of suffrage is a worth- 
less form, a mocker and a delusion, and our elections are a costly and 
solemn farce. 

If, in addition to all this, men are to bring over from the old countries 
the prejudices of race, and the political and sectarian animosities of by- 
gone ages, and are to nourish their barbarous hates and to fight out their 
senseless quarrels on our soil, in our streets, and about our ballot boxes, 
then indeed have our politics become degraded, and danger has become 
really alarming. America has need of only American citizens and 
American voters, and of American questions and issues in our politics 
and at our polls. 

Time does not permit further comparisons in these directions. The 
conclusions thus far reached are not calculated to flatter our vanity or to 
foster our pride. If our examinations were to be closed just here the 
outlook for the future would not be encouraging. We should enter upon 
the next half century with gloomy forebodings. I do not, however, 
share very largely in the excessive fears of the timid, or in the terrible 
prognostications of evil uttered by the pessimistic prophets of the day. 

Allusion has already been made to the great influx of emigrants of 
different nationalities ; many of them ignorant of the nature of our in- 
stitutions and of the duties and responsibilities of citizenship ; not a 
few of them imbued with socialistic and anarchic ideas, with confused 
notions of the distinction between regulated liberty and unbridled 
license, impatient of necessary restraint and destitute of sympathy with 
many of the social and religious customs and the political traditions of 
the native population. 

Reference has also been made to the tendency towards the formation 
of opposing and hostile classes ; to the disposition to create antagonism 
between labor and capital ; to array the employed against the employers j 
to engender hatred in the poor against the rich, and even to deny the 
right to hold private property, and to make the possession of individual 
accumulations a crime against humanity. The teaching of these social- 
istic theories and leveling doctrines derives its chief force from some 
unfortunate and alarming conditions of our times. 

It cannot be denied that there is danger, not only to our political in- 
stitutions, but even to the stability of our present social organization, in 
the rapidly growing tendency to the accumulation of colossal fortunes 
in the hands of a few men and a few families, if the laws are to be so 
framed and so administered as to render such fortunes permanent in 
these families. At the present day intelligent and benevolent men, as 
much as the ignorant and selfish, instinctively revolt against any social 
or political system which allows a concentration of power or of wealth 


in the hands of a small minority. There is peril when the few become 
very rich and the many become very poor, and more especially if there 
are indications that such a state of affairs is to become a permanent con- 

It is easy to delude ourselves with the idea that, in some way, things 
will settle themselves; that the laws of supply and demand, the laws of 
business and of the " survival of the fittest " will solve all these per. 
plexing and dangerous problems. We shall do well to remember that 
natural laws are slow in their operation, and that human nature is rest- 
less and impatient when constantly excited by crafty and plausible 
appeals of artful demagogues and irritated by real or fancied wrongs. 
It is better economy to guard against an explosion than to expend means 
in gathering up and caring for broken fragments. It is wiser to prevent 
a conflagration than to show energy and* skill in putting out the fire 
after it gets under good headway ; better, if possible, to allay rising dis- 
content than to risk the action of a brutal mob. 

Freely conceding the existence of real dangers and of serious and 
growing evils, I sse no reason for despairing of the republic, or for ap- 
prehending some overwhelming disaster to our social, religious, and 
political institutions. I do not believe that, on the whole, the former 
days were better than the present, that the fathers were essentially 
wiser, more virtuous, and more patriotic than their children. On the 
contrary, in many directions, real, genuine progress has been made. 
While it must be readily granted that in some things we are worse than 
the men of fifty years ago, it may be safely claimed that in other things 
we have improved upon their teachings, examples and methods. 

While our times have less of certain types of religion, they have more 
of practical Christianity. They are without doubt less tenacious of 
theological dogmas ; less militant in the defense and propagation of 
iron-clad creeds ; less positive in claiming to possess and to hold all re- 
vealed truth ; less harsh and denunciatory in dealing with those who 
differ from accepted standards. But the sweet graces of divine love and 
charity and beneficence are more cultivated and exhibit a richer growth. 
The gospel of " good will to men " is more earnestly preached and more 
constantly and consistently practiced. In spite of the tendency to the 
formation of classes, in spite of the prejudice arising from the accidents 
of race and color, simple manhood, without reference to birth or to past 
or present conditions and circumstances, is held in higher esteem and 
treated with more respect than in former times. 

Call to mind the radical change of sentiment and action touching the 
questions of human bondage, and the education of the negro race, 
have no reference to the positions and teachings of political parties 
religious organizations, but to the general tone of public opinion and 
the conduct of men irrespective of party or sect. 

Happily to many of you slavery and the heated and bitter controver- 
sies growing out of it are only matters of history, like the discovery ot 
America and the battle of Bunker Hill. To us, whose memories ean 
traverse the period of fifty years, they are not so much history as nv 
and terrible realities. Our fathers had solemnly affirmed that 
have an inalienable right to "life, liberty and the pursuit of 


By a strange inconsistency they denied to a whole race, guilty of only 
a darker skin and thicker lips than their own, every right which renders 
life desirable or existence tolerable. Men, women, children were bought 
and sold like horses and sheep. No ties of blood or family were re- 
garded as sacred. To teach a slave to read was a crime punishable by 
long and hard imprisonment. A public meeting of intelligent citizens 
and respectable members of Christian churches, held not in South Caro- 
lina but in Connecticut, resolved that it is "Highly inexpedient and 
even dangerous to the peace of the community to teach the negroes to 
read and write." The city of New Haven, at a meeting held with the 
mayor as chairman, voted by a majority of 700 to 4, "That the founding 
of colleges for educating colored people is an unwarrantable and danger- 
ous interference with the internal concerns of other States, and ought 
to be discouraged." " That the establishment in New Haven of such a 
college is incompatible with the prosperity, if not the existence, of the 
present institutions of learning and will be destructive of the best in- 
terests of the city." 

In some places in the Northern States mobs tore down school build- 
ings erected for the education of free colored children, and compelled 
the teachers to flee for their lives. 

Statesmen defended slavery on constitutional grounds in the Senate, 
and learned divines defended it on Bible grounds in the church. The 
honored president of Dartmouth College, whose name and memory I 
hold in highest reverence, while I was a student in that institution, 
affirmed, with strong emphasis, that prophecy and history, the will of 
God and the interests of humanity, united in declaring that bondage 
was the natural and proper condition of the African race. 

Since those days, slavery, though protected by constitutions and laws, 
by compromises and resolutions, has been swept away by a terrible 
deluge of human blood. The hot flames of Civil War have burned 
away the barriers which barred the progress of the colored race and 
closed against them the schoolhouse and the college. The logic of 
events and the mighty workings of an over-ruling Providence have con- 
verted both statesmen and divines to a new gospel of universal freedom. 
It is no longer considered dangerous to teach negro children to read and 
write. The good citizens of New Haven do not tremble lest the estab- 
lishment of colleges for colored young men and women will shake the 
solid foundations of Yale university. The various religious denomina- 
tions emulate each other in contributions of men and means for opening 
and supporting institutions of learning for the emancipated slaves and 
their children. The South is not much behind the North in this benefi- 
cent and Christian work. A recent document states that since 1862 there 
have been expended the following sums for the education of the colored 
people of the South : 

By the American Missionary Association, $10,000,000 
Methodists, 2,250,000 

Baptists, 2,000,000 

Presbyterians, 1,600,000 

Others, 1,009,000 

Making a total of $16,850,000 


The Southern States have expended since 1868 for common and normal 
schools for the colored race, 137,000,000. 

Will anyone venture to assert that the former days of slavery and 
oppression were better than these latter days of freedom and education ? 

There are serious problems yet unsolved touching the emancipated 
race. But in view of what has already been accomplished, we may face 
the perplexities and dangers of the future without overmuch apprehen- 
sion or fear. 

Time forbids an extension of th,ese comparisons. But it could easily 
be shown that real and healthful advance has been made in general edu- 
cation and in many departments of moral reform. Genuine progress 
has been made in the temperance work, and in moral and legal efforts 
for the suppression of the traffic in intoxicating liquors. " Evil men 
and seducers may have waxed worse and worse," but public sentiment in 
most of our communities and in the nation at large, in spite of many 
drawbacks, has steadily improved. 

And whatever provisions may be put in or left out of the constitution 
of a State, whatever laws may be enacted or repealed, this remains true 
always and everywhere : that all permanent progress, either in political 
or moral reform, must have its basis and support in an intelligent public 
sentiment. What the majority of the people demand in respect to 
temperance, or civil service reform, or emigration, or the public lands, 
they will ultimately get. Vexatious delays may be met, but the final 
result is sure. The waiting may be long and tiresome, but patient and 
persevering effort finally has its reward. Right and truth will conquer 
in the end. 

How can one who believes there is a just, righteous, all-wise and 
almighty Ruler of all things doubt the ultimate triumph of justice and 
righteousness ? This triumph will be secured, not by irresistible mani- 
festations of supernatural power, but by the working together of all 
principles, forces, and agencies, human and divine, which have for their 
end the production and spread of justice and righteousness in the world. 
Among the agencies which have been mighty in the past, and are still 
mighty in every good work for the elevation and redemption of humanity 
are the principles and characters of the fathers and mothers who planted 
the rural towns of New England, and whose mortal remains sleep be- 
neath the soil which they loved. They were not perfect men and women. 
We do not honor them most by claiming for them that ideal perfecti* 
which they never thought of claiming for themselves. They were merely 
human. But, taken all in all, the world has not yet seen a nobler, ai 
truer, and grander generation. 

It is possible that the towns and states which they founded may pas 
under the control of men of a different race and of another faith, but 
their principles and deeds have not perished, and will not perish, 
seeds of truth which they planted have sprung up and are bearing n 
fruits in fertile fields which their eyes never saw. The empire whicl 
its beginning here among these rocky hills and in the shadows of 
rough mountains has transferred the seat and center of its power to th 
broader plains and richer soil of the West. New England lives m to 
and Michigan, and Iowa, and other of the newer 'states. Her s 


daughters do not cease to remember the mother who nourished their in- 
fancy, though her features are rugged and her face is wrinkled with many 
a deep-plowed furrow. As we re-visit the scenes of childhood we do not 
hesitate to repeat the words of Scott 

" Breathes there a man with soul so dead, 

Who never to himself hath said, 
This is my own, my native land ; 

Whose heart hath ne'er within him burned 
As home his footsteps he hath turned, 
From wandering on a foreign strand ? " 

We enter into the feeings of Bryant when he wrote 

" Thou who wouldst see the lovely and the wild 

Mingled in harmony on Nature's face, 
Ascend our rocky mountains. I/et thy foot 
Fail not with weariness, for on their tops 
The beauty and the majesty of earth 

Spread wide beneath, shall make thee to forget 
The steep and toilsome way. There as thou stand'st, 

The haunts of men below thee, and around 
The mountain's summits, thy expanding heart 

Shall feel a kindred with that loftier world 
To which thou art translated, and partake 

The enlargement of thy vision." 

As I close, permit me to record once more the oath of allegiance and 
fidelity to the State and the town of my birth. The remains of four 
generations of my ancestors sleep beneath this soil, and render it 
" hallowed ground." These rough fields, these narrow valleys, these 
winding highways, these rocky hills, these rugged mountains have 
charms for my eye and my heart which no other lands possess. I love 
the rich and beautiful State of my adoption, with her broad and fertile 
fields, with her magnificent forests, with her exhaustless mines, with her 
grand lakes, and her intelligent and enterprising population : but " if I 
forget thee, Jerusalem of my birth and boyhood, let my right hand for- 
get her cunning ; if I do not remember thee, let my tongue cleave to 
the roof of my mouth ; if I prefer not the Jerusalem of New Kngland 
above my chief joy." 

The President. A fine display of fireworks, consisting of 
rockets, Roman candles, and mines, to close with a set piece pre- 
pared for the day, has been provided by the Boutwell family. 
This will be exhibited on the common by a professional from 
Boston as early in the evening as it is possible to do so. All are 
cordially invited to attend. 

This concludes the speaking by those who have prepared ad- 
dresses for this occasion from manuscript. I now have the 
pleasure of introducing to you Jacob A. Woodward, who will 
take charge of the further proceedings in my place. 

Mr. Woodward. Ladies and gentlemen : Before proceeding 


to the task which has been assigned to me, you will please par- 
don one brief thought. While we have met here together to 
renew old acquaintances and to form new acquaintances, and to 
revive the happy memories of young manhood and young 
womanhood, this thought conies to me : that we should this day 
give some meed of honor to the gray-haired men and women 
who have been true to old I/yndeborough and have remained 
here, and who make this celebration to-day possible. While 
we reverence and honor the names of those who founded this 
town, I still submit that it is those who live here to-day and are 
to remain here who make the town what it is and what it is to 
be. And I call upon all residents of the town, to-day, upon this 
one hundred and fiftieth anniversary of its settlement, to pledge 
ourselves anew, that whatever is tried that is new and that is 
practical, we will adopt it in our industry ; that whatever is new 
and best, we will have it in our schools and upon our roads ; 
that we will give a liberal support to all of our institutions ; and 
that Lyndeborough shall have the reputation, and deserve it, of 
being a live, go-ahead place, abreast of the times. Communism 
and anarchy do not flourish in the homes under the shadows of 
these hills. 

In giving the first sentiment that is to be responded to, I 
would say, by way of introduction, that whenever you mention 
the military record of I/yndeborough, every true son of I/ynde- 
borough stands up a little straighter and says, ' ' You can scruti- 
nize that record as much as you please!" The sentiment is, 
"Our Military Men." 

From Bunker Hill to Appomattox, from '76 to '61, when duty called, 
the men of Lyndeborough responded where 

"... Bursting shell, the gateway wrenched asunder, 
The rattling musketry, the clashing blade. 

And ever and anon, in tones of thunder, 
The diapason of the cannonade." 

Our military record, second to none. 

About a year before the civil war opened, up here in District 
No. 2, a district which has the reputation of sending out lots of 
live, smart and mischievous men, a young man went out into 
the world to try his skill in its warfare. When duty called he 
responded, and has made for himself a name and fame, 
needs no introduction from me to many of you. Ladies 
gentlemen, I have the pleasure of introducing to you Surgeon- 
General Holt of Cambridge, Massachusetts. 


Gen. Holt. Mr. Chairman, Ladies and Gentlemen, Fellow- townsmen : 
Before commencing the few sentences that I am to utter, I wish to say a 
word of explanation or apology. I had supposed up to yesterday morn- 
ing that it would not be possible for me to be present at this celebration, 
although no amount of inconvenience or expense to myself would have 
kept me away. I supposed that I should be employed in a Government 
office which I am unfortunate enough to hold, that would, perhaps, call 
fifteen or twenty veteran soldiers from their homes all over Massachu- 
setts, and I felt that I had no right to put them to that inconvenience. 
But, happily, we were able to arrange the matter yesterday, and so I am 
here. But 1^ have been able to give but very little thought to the sen- 
timent that your toastmaster has asked me to respond to. 

One hundred and fifty years ago this fall, our sturdy ancestors came 
into the wilderness that clothed these grand old hills, and carved out for 
themselves and their children, homes. And among their first thoughts 
was that of caring for their own protection. Although the savage Indian 
had been driven from all the southern part of New England, still lie was 
jealous of the approaching civilization, and sought every opportunity to 
get revenge ; and so the settlers of the extreme frontier were never with- 
out danger of attacks from them, and the settlers here, as tradition says, 
like those elsewhere, built for their protection a block house. It is not 
probable that they had any military organization at that early day, 
although it is more than probable that there was some leader to whom 
they looked up in times of danger. And if they did not have a man 
worthy of that high place, they certainly had a leader in the woman that 
the speaker mentioned this morning, who called the roll of her children 
when the Indian was crawling about her home. It is probable that they 
had more or less alarms, when they fled to this block house for protec- 
tion, but time has proved that such alarms were causeless ; and in a few 
years the fast advancing settlement, of the surrounding country freed 
them from the danger of Indians. It is more than probable that some of 
the restive spirits joined in some of the contests against the Indians and 
French that took place between 1739 and 1775, but there was no organi- 
zation for such a purpose. 

The great war for Independence, like all great wars, and particularly 
like all great civil wars, came unheralded, and, up to the igth of April, 
1775, there was little or no thought of a contest of arms, although the 
colonies had been outspoken in their opposition to the wrong and injus- 
tice that had been heaped upon them, and revolts and riots had occurred 
in two or three instances. It is said that one of the officers of L,ouis 
XVI. carried to his master the news of a riot in the streets of Paris just 
before the French Revolution, when the starving people were crying for 
bread. The monarch listened impatiently to the recital and said, " It is 
nothing but a riot ; the troops can dispel them." But the officer, more 
observing than his master, knowing better the temper of the people, an- 
swered, " No, sire, it is not a riot, but a revolution." So, when the mid- 
night courier fled like a phantom through the streets of Cambridge and 
on, calling to arms, on the morning of the igth of April, 1775, it was not 
a riot or a revolt, but it was a revolution. The people in the colonies 
had borne until it had ceased to be a virtue, and they were obliged to re- 


sort to arms to obtain right and justice. We all know that the battle of 
Lexington and Concord was fought by a few companies that had been 
aroused by the ride of Paul Revere, in the immediate vicinity of Boston, 
for there was no time to collect troops from anywhere else. But the 
spirit of revolt was not confined within narrow limits. The spirit of lib- 
erty that aroused the men of Concord and Lexington to do deeds that 
will live in song and story so long as American history lives, had perme- 
ated and ramified to the remotest points of the settlements in the colo- 
nies ; and nowhere in all the towns of the colonies was there a quicker 
response to that call ; nowhere was there a town that answered sooner 
than this grand old town of Lyndeborough, when the call came. For, 
uoLwith standing it was in the busiest season of the year, when work must 
be done if they were to reap a harvest in the coming fall, in less than 
eight weeks from the igth of April, from the battle of Concord and Lex- 
ington, nineteen of the gallant sons of Lyndeborough stood on the battle 
line with Stark before Bunker Hill. 

And all through the Revolutionary war this town furnished more than 
a hundred men for that contest. Some of them heard the brave and gal- 
lant words of Stark at Bennington. Some of them saw Burgoyne, shorn 
of his pomp and glory, lay down his arms in defeat before a ragged line 
of Americans at Saratoga. Some of them, barefooted, footsore, ragged 
and hungry, followed Washington through the icy waters of the Dela- 
ware. Some of them heard the roar of cannon at Monmouth, and some 
of them followed the fortunes of that gallant army through to the end, 
and saw the final triumph of American liberty at Yorktown. 

Grand old revolutionary heroes ! Some of us remember the tottering 
form of one as he came into the church Sunday after Sunday to occupy 
his usual' seat. Grand and heroic their deeds were, and we remember 
with gratitude and pride the work they did, to-day ; and well we may, for 
in all the history of the world there is no grander page than that written 
out by the bayonets of the Revolutionary heroes in their struggle for lib- 
erty ; and the town of Lyndeborough furnished more than its share of 
men for that service. 

There seems to be no record of the men that served in the war of 1812 
from this town. And it is not probable that a great many of them en- 
tered that service, as it was a short war compared with the others, and 
its contests were mostly far beyond the Hudson, except one or two naval 
battles. The town, I believe, did send a company to do garrison duty at 

The great civil war of 1861, like the revolution, came unexpectedly. 
Although political contests had been fierce and political animosities and 
angers were strong, yet there was no thought on the part of the North of 
settling the great questions brought about by African slavery by acontes 
of arms, until the firing upon Fort Sumter. Then all political anira 
ties ceased and were hushed. Then disappeared party lines. Then 
was union or dis-union the North against the South: loyalty again! 
disloyalty. Then the men of Maine, the men of New Hampshire, tl 
men of Massachusetts, at a moment's warning, with only a single hour 
notice, seized their arms, rushed to the rescue and saved the E 
capital. And among the very first to respond to that call were 
who first saw the light of day upon these hills. 


And the first of all New Hampshire's sons to lay down his life on the 
field of battle in that great contest was a hoy who enlisted from this 
town, a handsome, black-eyed boy, full of life and happiness, who was 
born and raised on yonder farm, was killed almost at the first fire in the 
first battle of Bull Run. During that great contest this town furnished 
for actual service in the army over eighty of its citizens. I refer to those 
who saw actual, active service. This, of course, is exclusive of the ser- 
vice of the artillery company, of which I shall say a word later. And 
to-day, beneath the Southern skies, all along the line from the Potomac 
to the Mississippi, they are sleeping their final sleep. For the life of one 
went out amidst the whistling shot and screeching shell at Gettysburg ; 
another fell beneath the burning sun of Louisiana, in front of the breast- 
works of Port Hudson ; another passed away amidst disease and suffering 
and death in the hospital at New Orleans ; another at Gettysburg, and so 
on. They were in all the great battles of the war. I think you cannot 
find a single one, where, in the ranks of the Union army, there was not 
a Lyndeborough boy. And at the final surrender at Appomatox over a 
score of Ivyndeborough's sons were still in the service, many of whom 
had won commissions. 

I intended to say only a very few words here, but the response to the 
sentiment your toast-master presented me would be very incomplete 
without a word in relation to the artillery company and the militia. This 
town has furnished to the militia, in days past, two infantry companies 
that are long since extinct, and an artillery company, the glory and re- 
nown of this old town, so far as its military record is concerned, now 
over eighty of age, but not decrepit and broken ; having still the strength 
and vigor of its manhood. I suppose the two principal objects of keep- 
ing up a militia force are, first, to have a force that we can call upon at 
any time, in an emergency ; second, to keep alive in men the military 
spirit. That this old company has well fulfilled these two objects we all 
can testify, for it responded with alacrity and with full ranks to the call 
that took it to Portsmouth for garrison duty during the war. And, dur- 
ing all its life, there is scarcely a son of Lyndeborough that has not at 
some time been enrolled in its ranks. It has an honorable record, and 
we are glad to speak of it in terms of praise to-day. We can only hope 
that interest in it will be kept up, and that its drill and discipline will be 
continued, so that, fifty years from now, when the two hundredth anni- 
versary comes, it can show as grand and noble a record as it does to-day. 

A word more in relation to the military service of the town and I am 
done. We sometimes hear soldiers say that they won the war, but they 
did not. The men that stayed at home and raised provisions and made 
munitions of war and made money helped to win the war as much as the 
soldiers, and without their support, we that stood the brunt of battle 
could not have carried on the contest a single month. But, with all the 
men working to carry on the war successfully, I do not believe they 
could have done it without something else. No, veteran soldiers, we 
could not have waged successful war without the sympathies, the tears 
and the prayers of the women. We sometimes talk of the sufferings of the 
soldier, but what were they compared with those of the women, whose 
anxiety never ceased ? 


There sat on this platform this morning a grand and noble mother, 
who, at one time, had three sons in the army of the Potomac. What was 
her suffering, as she watched with fear and trembling every minute for the 
sound of footfalls that brought news, with an anxiety that never could pos- 
sibly cease until the living ones returned. The women of this town and 
of this country, the women of the war, were as grand and noble as the 
Spartan mother of old, and gave to the country their sons, with God's 
blessing. Yes, veteran soldiers, the greatest heroism of war is that of 
the women, after all, for they are the greatest sufferers. 

The military record of Lyndeborough surely is one of which we have a 
right to be proud, and we can only hope for the future that it will be as 
grand, that her sons will be as brave and patriotic as those have been who 
have gone before. 

The choir then sang " The Star Spangled Banner." 
Mr. Woodward. In all the joys and sorrows of our town the 
minister has filled a very large place. And I therefore propose 
this sentiment to the clergy : 

We know how well the fathers taught, 

What work the later schools have wrought. 
We reverence old time faith and men, 

But faith is slow. 

Is it too little or too much we know ? 

I have the pleasure of calling upon Rev. Mr. Childs, pastor of 
the church at the centre of the town, to respond to that senti- 

Mr. Childs made a suitable response. 

Mr. Woodward. The next sentiment is " Our Medical Men." 
The confidential friends of the family, their cheerful presence 
robs sickness of half its pain. 

Beginning by helping us in 

To this world of trouble and doubt, 
He at last atones for that sin ' 

By genially helping us out. 

A number of years ago we had a graduate from District No. 
8 who has gone out from us and has acquired very considerabl 
eminence in his profession. It gives me much pleasure to pr< 
sent to you one of the sons of Lyndeborough, Dr. H. E. Spalc 
ing of Hingham, Mass. 

Dr. Spalding. Ladies and Gentlemen, Friends of my Boyhood : Whc 
I came here I little expected to do other than shake hands, 
expect that my voice would be called for here to-day. Hence if 
thoughts that I have collected together among these varied scenes h, 
are brought before my mind by this gathering are somewha ra b tag, 
you must forgive me, and believe that it is something like the mod 
sermon. You have the text given you, and let the brother go on 
what he will, whether it applies or hot. 


The first thought that comes to my mind is, why should they ask, in 
Lyndeborough, about the medical profession ? You have no doctors 
here, you need no doctors here. Why, then do you bring one of the 
medical profession before you ? These years ago you outgrew doctors. 
Well, I suppose when you had got this canvas tent spread above you, you 
thought it was a sort of menagerie, and you wanted to see a curiosity ; 
you wanted to see how the creatures look nowadays, so your chairman 
said, " Let us bring up a doctor to look at." So I am brought here for a 
show more than for what I am to say. Lyndeborough has had doctors. 
I accidentally learned to-day that old Dr. Jones, about 125 years ago, took 
to himself a wife ; and then did not exactly take to the woods, but did take 
to the fastnesses of the mountains up here in Lyndeborough, having his 
household goods put on an ox-cart, he and his bride going in a one- 
horse "shay," the second that had ever been into these town limits; and 
thus they drove to Lyndeborough. He put out his shingle, but what an 
ominous sign it was, that the driver of that ox-cart, in bringing his goods 
here, choked himself to death before he got here, showing that there 
must be some reason why doctors should not come to Lyndeborough. 

Dr. Jones remained here many years. He lived here, built him a home 
here, and to-day you will see his portrait hanging on the outer wall of the 
home which he built. He and his son and his grandson, I think, or his 
great-grandson, the late Wm. A. Jones, supplied the place of physician to 
this town nearly all the time during these 125 years. And well they sup- 
plied it. The other man who was so familiar to us in our childhood, who 
was so familiar and so dear to our mothers and our fathers, was Dr. Her- 
rick. I need say nothing to you of him. You remember his genial face. 
You remember his kindly way. We all respected him. We all loved 
him. But the historian has told you that many have gone out from 
Lyndeborough and worked in other fields in the medical profession. I was 
surprised to know that there were so many who had been at work in my 
profession, from this town. 

Foremost, though, above all, not only of the sons of this town, but I 
would almost say foremost among the foremost in the medical science of 
this country, one whose name stands among the uppermost on the Temple 
of Fame in the medical science, is the name of Willard Parker. Not 
only wherever the English language is known, but wherever scientific 
medicine and surgery are called upon to alleviate suffering humanity is 
known the name of Willard Parker. Many, to-day, are working and do- 
ing good works, and it may be said of them, " their works do follow 
them," if, by chance, they do not go before. 

But I have said that other thoughts come into my mind to-day, and I 
really dislike to talk "shop." I do not know, perhaps, as much about 
the medical profession as those who suffer, or are alleviated by it, do. I 
could, perhaps, tell you more about the lawyers than the lawyers could 
tell about themselves. I could, perhaps, tell you more about the clergy 
than they could tell you about themselves ; and some of you could tell me, 
perhaps, more about the'doctors than I could tell you about them myself. 
I said that I came here expecting to shake hands. So I did. I expected 
to meet the boys and girls. I have met the boys and girls, but not the 
boys and girls. I have clasped the hand of sturdy manhood and the 


hand of cordial womanhood. The sparsely covered crown, the silver 
locks are here ; and about the same bright eye I read the marks of Time's 
fingers. And I wonder, as I look at them, if it can be a reflection of 
something in myself. It can hardly be, for I feel like a boy to-day. Old 
memories flock around. On this very spot one of my earliest recollec- 
lections comes up. One of the earliest experiences in my life outside of 
my own home, was, I should presume, on this very spot. 

One Fourth of July somebody says some forty years ago it cannot 
be as long ago, for I am but a boy myself, and I remember it ; but, how- 
ever, it was long enough ago so that our fathers and our mothers deter- 
mined to have a Fourth of July picnic. Our fathers, instead of getting a 
tent, went into the woods, gathered trees and stuck them in the ground 
and made an artificial grove, among which they set the tables. And I 
remember how we passed the hours here. But what impresses itself 
most clearly upon my mind is the fact that I got lost that day. And this 
common, what an immense country it was to me ! How astonished I was, 
and how frightened ! There was no crier sent out for me. I am sure I 
filled that capacity to the fullest extent of the demands of the occasion. 

These scenes come up before my mind rapidly, one after another. It 
was my good fortune a few months ago to stand in Munich and there 
view one of those remarkable processions that are brought out to cele- 
brate the death of nobility. The sound of the trumpet, the flash of the 
pine torch, for it was in the night, the dirge, the bier, all said the 
king was dead. Yet, when the procession had about passed, there came, 
suddenly, a presence in the air of something : a sound, no, not a 
sound, a tremor filled the air. Above, below, around, from the very 
depths of the ground it came. It entered the very soul and shook the 
very citadel of life with emotion. It told better than anything else 
could, the sorrow of the nation. Oh, the throb of pain and sorrow in 
those tremulous sounds ! I shall never forget it. Something akin to 
that comes to me to-day as I see these old faces, as I think of the grass- 
grown walks, the doors that used to open in cordial hospitality, that now 
hang half torn from their hinges, the sashless windows, the emberless 
hearths ; the rooms vacant, except as the bat flies through from one to 
another, or the frightened squirrel escapes. In the garden that stood by, 
like half-awakened memories, the tulip and the daffodil, the hollyhock 
and the cinnamon rose still struggle into bloom. 

And then I recall the schoolhouse with its deeply carved desks ; I re- 
member that eventful examination day. Oh, how we crammed and 
primed for it ! How we looked anxiously and watched to see when the 
old clergyman, Mr. Claggett, should come across the field and through the 
door. Then we all stood up, in reverence to the man we all loved so well, 
the man who could take each one of us by the hand, and was not satisfied 
with giving us our first name, but gave us our middle names and our last 
names. He knew us all. Then, as the neighbors gathered, one after 
another, how we struggled to acquit ourselves well. And how we went 
out on to the rostrum of the schoolhouse and stood there with trembling 
feet and said, 

"You'd scarce expect one of my age," 

or with more zeal and animation, we declared for " Independence now, 
and Independence forever ! " 


Those things, I say, come before me in rapid array, and I sorrow as I 
think of the deserted homes, as I notice the spots, like pock marks on 
the surface, where once stood the houses that meant homes. Yet, as 
the crier goes out, and, in oae and the same voice declares, "The king is 
dead. Long live the king," so I say that there is hope yet for old Lynde- 
borough. It is not all sorrow nor all mourning. There are homes here 
yet. There is spirit here yet among the old men and among the middle- 
aged men that can make I/yndeborough still bloom and blossom. Her 
people must, perhaps, change their methods of life, their methods of 
farming, and introduce possibly some other industries ; but I/yndebor- 
ough must live. But, above all, I know that these eternal hills are here, 
and that they shall stand. What makes I/yndeborough dear and beauti- 
ful to us all will remain, though we shall pass away. Oh, ye rocks and 
rills, ye hills and vales, ye mountains and ravines, though wander thy 
children, live ye still. Do they make their sojourn in the tropic south, 
where perpetual summer reigns, they refresh their hearts with memories 
of thee, with thy sleeping verdure wrapped in winter's snowy blanket. 
Though they dwell in the prairies of the West, the eye wearied with the 
broad expanse of the horizon's long, unbroken line, they long to behold 
once more thy* varied landscape and to see thy mountain tops, as, blush- 
ing with the first influence of morning's radiant hues, they proclaim the 
coming of the king of day to the vales below. Do they tread the narrow 
path of want, or eat of hunger's bitter bread, they recall the old home in 
thy midst where an all sufficient abundance ever prevailed. Do they ride 
the steed of affluence or dwell in palaces of wealth, they remember the 
comforts, the careless comforts of their country home, and say, " There 
indeed, was a rich mine of real, peaceful comfort that I cannot now find.'' 
Yes, wherever they are, in whatever situation, in whatever vocation, doc- 
tor, lawyer or divine, workers with the brain or hand, thy children love 
thee still ; living, love thee ; and dying, pray that thy murmuring brooks 
and thy whispering pines may sing their requiem and may speak their 

Mr. Woodward : The next sentiment is a toast to " Good Old 
L,yndeborough." Success to her industry. Prosperity attend 
her years. Her doors are ever open to welcome home her wan- 
dering children. 

I will call upon one of her wandering children to speak to this 
sentiment. I used to be very intimately acquainted with him 
years ago. He is a graduate of old District No. 8, over the 
mountains, and was one of the sons of L,yndeborough repre- 
sented in that historic march through Baltimore on the igth 
of April, 1861. Indies and gentlemen, Henry M. Woodward, 
of Medford, Mass. 

Mr. H. M. Woodward. Citizens of Lyndeborough, Old Lyndeborough : 
Old it is, indeed, as we mark the years, as the storms beat upon yonder 
hills. Old indeed it is as we mark the forest which the streams have 
made in yonder valleys. Old indeed it is as we read upon the tomb- 
stones in yonder yard the ages of those that have been laid there during 


the years that are past. But every morning's sun, as it climbs up these 
hills, makes Lyndeborough as new as it was in the past, when our boy- 
hood feet trod these hills. L,yndeborough her industries : I have been 
astonished at the industries of I/yndeborough. We have industry piled 
up, industry pressed down, industry shaken together. And the industry 
here is so elevating already elevated, I should say. In the morning, 
you industriously climb up and spend an industrious day upon these 
hills, and when you have industriously filled the hours of the day, you 
industriously slide down the same hills to your homes and industriously 
fill up the remainder of the day with the chores about the farm and barn. 
This is industrious industry, piled up, heaped up. And what is the re- 
ward of this industry ? I got a clew of the reward of the industry from 
the remarks which the doctor made ; and that is this, that they do not 
need any doctors in Lyndeborough. 

It is very difficult for one unaccustomed to public speaking to know 
what to say next. I am reminded of an incident that occurred in my war 
experience, and with that I will close my remarks. I know the old sol- 
diers here will appreciate it. In the early part of the war, in our nine 
months' service, we had a motley collection in our company, and very 
many of them knew nothing of military duties or tactics. We had a man 
by the name of John Whalen. The first night after we arrived in Virginia, 
John Whalen was detailed as camp guard. The old soldiers will know 
what "grand rounds" means. And I, being officer of the guard, it was 
my duty to instruct the guard in the duties of the grand rounds. For the 
information of those who do not exactly know what it means, I will say 
that, in the night, the officer of the day goes around and inspects each 
guard about the camp, and they have a certain formula which is required 
of the guard during that performance. He goes about to see that every 
man is awake and at his post and doing his duty. I instructed John in 
the duties of grand rounds. I told him what he was to do. I drilled him 
in the formula. " Now, John," said I, "when the officer of the guard 
approaches, you must say "Halt!" and "Who goes there?" And of 
course, the officer will say "Grand rounds." You will say, "Advance, 
grand rounds, and give the countersign." I instructed him in all the 
minutiae of that, and I got John so thoroughly indoctrinated with grand 
rounds that he could go through with it beautifully. When the time ap- 
proached, the officer of the day came to me and we went the grand 
rounds. We found all the guards at their posts as usual. We came to 
John's post, and John was marching up and down his post, with his 
" shoulder arms," as brave as any man could be; and when he saw me 
coming, he came to a halt, and waited until I could have struck him with 
my fist, he allowed me to come so near him. 

Now it is against the rules of the army for a guard to let anyone come 
within reach of his bayonet. John allowed me to come up very near. 
And after awhile he says, "Halt!" Of course, I had halted before. 
Then I waited a few minutes for the rest of it. And John sang out after 
a while, " Who goes there ?" I replied, " Grand rounds." Then there 
was another long silence, and I waited and waited. Finally, John said, 
" Phwat will I say next ? " With this remark, " Phwat will I say 
next ? " I close the few remarks I have to make. 


Mr. Woodward. Indies and Gentlemen : The next senti- 
ment is to the absent sons of Lyndeborough ; to the sons of 
L/yndeborough who have been pioneers and conservators of 
other civilizations ; those present we welcome to their native hills 
on this festal day ; to those absent we send our kindest benedic- 
tions. I have the pleasure of introducing to you William H. 
Grant, Esq., of St. Paul, Minnesota. 

Mr. Grant, before proceeding, read certain letters which had 
been received from some of the sons of L/yndeborough who were 
not present. After reading a letter from Rev. Wm. T. Bout- 
well, of Stillwater, Minn., Mr. Grant spoke as follows : 

Now, fellow-townsmen, I remember, in my boyhood, to have read, 
as some of you have read, that, under certain circumstances, the 
last shall sometimes be first, and the first last. The last letter which 
I read to you was that from Mr. Boutwell. I will speak of him as one 
of the absent sons of Lyndeborough first, because he builded better than 
he knew. When your mothers and my mother were making bed blankets 
and bed quilts and sending them, with their benedictions into the far 
Northwest forty years ago, they did not know what they were doing. 
Mr. Boutwell said to me last Tuesday afternoon, when I went to see him 
for the very purpose of seeing him before I should meet you to-day, that 
the people of Lyndeborough and his New England friends, in 1831, told 
him that if he went into that Northwestern country, if he did not freeze 
to death, he would be scalped by the Indians. We all remember very 
well how solicitous we all were for his welfare. I need not tell you that 
his mission, like the other missions to the Indians in the past, has very 
largely been a failure. He admits it himself. But man proposes and 
God disposes. The result of I/yndeborough 's sending that man into the 
Northwest was the bringing of the attention of the American people to 
that country. " Why," he says, " in 1832, when I landed upon the shore 
of Cass Lake, near the source of the Mississippi, I found as fine a field of 
corn as was ever raised in old Lyndeborough. I did not feel any afraid 
of freezing to death after that." 

It is to missionaries, to men like Mr. Boutwell, that America owes the 
building up and redeeming from barbarism of that noble country, of that 
great belt, not of western land, nor western states which we used to talk 
about, but that great central belt composed of Wisconsin, of Michigan, 
of Minnesota, of Iowa, of Illinois, of Missouri, and so down to the Gulf 
of Mexico. Within the limits of which I speak, and the new States, to 
be, the two Dakotas, when they are added, there will be, in that coun- 
try to which Mr. Boutwell went in 1831, twelve millions of free, inde- 
pendent, enlightened and happy people. It is owing to the services of 
such men as Mr. Boutwell that the Pillsburys are feeding you to-day. 
You have been eating flour ground at the Falls of St. Anthony, which 
seemed to be a Utopian country in the days when Mr. Boutwell first 
visited it. 

Another suggestion, another distinction for a son of Lyndeborough : 
Mr. Boutwell gave the name of Itasca to the source of the Mississippi 


River ; so that, so long as that great river shall flow to the gulf, so long 
as the human mind can remember or can see or can know of what there 
is to-day in the land, just so long will that name be preserved ; and it 
is to old L,yndeborough, to this hill here just below us, that we owe that 
name a peculiar name. He told me the story of how it came about 
some years ago. It was this : He accompanied the Schoolcraft expedi- 
tion in 1832. They came to that lake. It was the source of the river, 
and the question was what they should call it. They talked of Indian 
names. Finally Mr. Schoolcraft turned to Mr. Boutwell and said, " Mr. 
Boutwell, I am not a classical scholar. Can't you remember some Greek 
or some Latin name, something that will be expressive of the idea that 
this is the head of the river?" Mr. Boutwell took a piece of birch bark, 
as they sat there on the bank of the lake, and wrote " veritas caput," and 
handed it to Mr. Schoolcraft. He says, " It is too long." Mr. Boutwell 
jocularly replied, " Well, we had better cut in two." So he took off the 
v e r of the first word and the last syllable of the second word and he had 
the word " Itasca," and they adopted it as the name of the lake. So it is 
to a son of I/yndeborough that the world is indebted for the name of the 
lake at the head of the great Mississippi.* 

There is another name that I desire to call your attention to. While 
he was not a son of I/yndeborough, he was a son of one of Ivyndebor- 
ough's sons. He was a grand-son, as I said before, of the man who 
led the men of Lyndeborough at Bunker Hill. I think we have the 
right to call him a son of L,yndeborough. I refer to the Hon. E. G. 
Spaulding of Buffalo. You have heard what the military did during the 
war of the rebellion ; and how proud we have been of our military rec- 
ord. But there is a peaceful record in the case of Mr. Spaulding, which, 
to my mind, vastly outweighs, in its importance, the achievements of 
the military. Without it, the military could never have succeeded. His- 
tory shows us that Mr. Spaulding, as chairman of the committee on 
finance in the congress of the United States, in the early days of the war, 
introduced what is known as the " Greenback Bill," for the issuing of 
treasury notes. And I understand that in Buffalo his neighbors fre- 
quently speak of him as " Greenback Spaulding." Another thing he 
did : He formulated, introduced and advocated the present National Bank 
bill, by which our national currency was established. And it was so per- 
fect when it came from his experienced hand that there have been but very 
few amendments of it since. Men live in their sons and in their daugh- 
ters, and I say again, it is to these old hills, it is to those struggling an- 
cestors of ours who subdued these mighty forests, that we are indebted 
for these great measures. 

Other sons of I/yndeborough have gone forth into every department of 
life; into my own profession, perhaps, less than into any other of the 

*The following is taken from a paper on the source of the Mississippi, by H. M. 
Kingery, in The Popular Science Monthly for August, 1904 : " The present name 11 
said to have been the joint production of Schoolcraft and the Rev. Dr. Boutwell, who 
were the first white men to seek the lake as the Mississippi's source. Desiring to ha 
it at first sight with an appropriate title, Schoolcraft asked his companion for the Greek 
or Latin words meaning the true source of a river. Though somewhat rusty in t 
classics, the reverend explorer finally recalled the two Latin words, veritas caput 
truth head. These were written down, the first and last syllables crossed out, an 
presto ! the name Itaska." 


learned professions ; but everywhere you find them. They have 
been bank presidents and bank directors. They have constructed 
railroads. They have been railroad directors and railroad presidents 
and managers. They have been mayors of cities. They have been 
the pioneers and founders of towns. Every industry, every advance of 
civilization has found some son of I/yndeborough lifting at the wheel. 

But, ladies and gentlemen, the hours are passing rapidly. I simply de- 
sired to see you. I desired to be present and shake again your kindly 
hands. It is now more than thirty years, nearly thirty-five, since I lost 
my citizenship in I/yndeborough. I have always looked back on the 
home of my birth as a place I love to contemplate. I remember you all. 
I remember the old men and the young, and always with the kindest of 
feelings and recollections. These scenes about us, as I said before, are 
what have made the sons of Lyndeborough what they are. Man, like 
any other animal, is made largely by his environment ; and it is because 
our ancestors had to struggle, it is because our fathers and mothers had 
to work with their hands and their heads, that we have given so many 
illustrations of distinguished ability in the various departments of human 

I expect to leave you. I may never, or I may, return. These scenes, 
to me, are set in strong remembrance. As Burns said, 

"Oh, scenes in strong remembrance set ! 

Scenes never, never to return ! 
Scenes, if in stupor I forget, 
Again I feel, again I burn." 

Good-bye. I do not want to say any more. 

Mr. Woodward. I did not commence my task with an apol- 
ogy which perhaps I should have made ; but it is very dis- 
agreeable to commence the exercises of any occasion with an 
apology. But we expected and hoped that His Excellency the 
Governor would be here to-day, and he gave a partial assurance 
that he would be here, but he did not come. It would be a 
very pleasant part of my task were I able to read a letter of 
regret from him, but I cannot do so for he sent none. 

The concluding sentiment of the day is to the first settlers of 
Ivyndeborough. Plain, hardy, intelligent. Contending with 
the forces of nature, enduring privation, they hewed out for 
themselves homes, and left for us a legacy of freedom. As the 
fathers live in their sons, may their sturdy courage and faith be 
ours. I have the honor and pleasure of introducing to you 
Mr. Rufus Blanchard of Chicago, 111., who will respond to this 
toast. He has acquired a reputation as an author and pub- 
lisher and is an old son of I/yndeborough . 

Mr. Blanchard. Fellow-Citizens, Ladies and Gentlemen : I wish'J could 
call more of you " fellow-citizens," practically, than is possible. When 
I came here, as I first came over Perham's old hill, I could not help hum- 
ming to myself that old hymn, 


" Green hills of Tyrol, again I see 
My home and country so dear to me." 

It would not have required any very great stretch of imagination for 
me to have become convinced in my own mind and to have actually be- 
lieved that I was to visit my old schoolfellows, and to take a friendly 
wrestle with them, or, maybe, a regular rough and tumble. But I am 
sorry to say that the truth dispelled that happy illusion very soon. In- 
stead of that I found a few grizzly old fellows, just like myself, some 
younger, some a little older. But as I grasped them by the hand I felt 
as if I could again take a regular rough and tumble with them. I re- 
member which of them could lay me on my back, and which I could lay 
on their backs. But I do not propose to try it now. There is a man that 
I wrestled with over there now. I never fought with him in the world. 
But I could pick out some that I have fought with, though I do not see 
any now. But if I could, I would feel a good deal as the famous artist, 
Healy, felt ; he is the artist who painted the presidents of the United 
States, the greatest artist in the world to-day. I met him at one time 
with one of his old friends from Boston and had the honor to be intro- 
duced to him ; and from the conversation that he bad with the gentle- 
man, Mr. Higginson, I was led to say, " Why, you must be old^friends ? '* 

" Oh, yes," he said, " we threw brick-bats at each other on the streets 
of Boston, when boys." 

So began a life-long friendship. I felt something like that when I 
came to greet my old friends here. If we didn't throw brick-bats, we 
pummelled each other well, which was just as good proof of our courage. 
And we didn't tell our fathers of it, nor our pedagogues, nor our "school- 
marms." If we had, we would have got a second dose from Dr. Birch. 
It is right for boys to fight, rather than submit to degredation. It was 
the same spirit which actuated nineteen men to enlist in the revolution- 
ary war from our old town. 

But, O Mercy ! don't let me make you a speech ! The thing has gone 
too far already. Everything that has been said has been good, but it is 
too late to make any more speeches. Therefore I will just read you a 
little sentiment that I felt impressed to utter, and I wrote it out because 
I couldn't help it. (The Speaker then read a short poem.) 

I thank you, my friends, for allowing me to greet you face to face. 
And if I have failed to respond to that beautiful, that laconic sentiment 
that was allotted me, you cannot doubt that it has been most ably re- 
sponded to already ; and you will excuse this as a light dessert, not a 
heavy dessert, like a piece of mince pie, but the lightest dessert you 
could eat after a meal of solid meats. We will call it a roast apple. 

Mr. Woodward. Mr. Chairman, that concludes the part 
which was assigned to me. 

President Grant. I have been requested to state that on 
Thursday, the i2th day of this month, the scion of Lynde- 
borough which drew off a part of Salem-Canada, proposes, 
from what we have done here to-day, to see what it can do. 
Boys are apt, if their parents have done something big, to see 


if they cannot do something bigger. The people of Wilton 
propose to hold a celebration on the i2th day of the present 
month, and they invite all who are present at lyyndeborough 
to-day to come down and see them. 

This meeting now stands adjourned for fifty years, and as 
many of you as possible are requested to come then. 

In conclusion : The following poem, written by Dr. Israel 
Herrick in 1858, was not read on this occasion; but as it doubt- 
less would have been if it had been available, it is inserted here 
without apology : 


Our town is a regular crescent-like swell, 

Made up of mountain, and hill, and dell, 

With here and there a small level spot, 

Sufficient to build a snug, humble cot, 

A barn and a shed, with a yard for the kine, 

A coop for the hens, and a pen for the swine. 

The surface is stony, and hard, and rough, 

The tilling of which is toilsome and tough, 

Discounting to man and beast his food, 

If only the proper labor is made, 

With plow and harrow, shovel and spade, 

Crowbar, bush-hook, axe and hoe, 

Laid on smart by a freeman's blow. 

Our ancient domain was ample and bold, 

Such as yeomen delight to purchase and hold, 

And build up a home for themselves and the brood 

Very soon to come forth, for the great public good. 

Thirty-six square miles, with a southern decline, 

Well timbered and watered, with prospect sublime, 

Was the price paid King,* with his bold soldier clan, 

To hunt and shoot down his red fellow-man, 

And Frenchmen to boot ; 'twas a sov'reign say, 

And flunkeys, as now, were quite sure to obey. 

But this goodly grant was soon to be marred 

By godly neighbors, and hackled and scarred, 

That they might enlarge their scanty dominions 

And gratify will, as well as opinions. 

First, Wilton came in for a two-mile slice 

To make up a town, so snug and so nice, 

With Masoniau lands, which they had on hand, 

And then take a notable public stand. 

Next Temple presented a Blood-yt request, 

And after contention, 'twas thought to be best 

To let them take off a three-cornered bite, 

*Capt. Samuel King:- See pp. 21-25. ED. 

t The late General Blood, with his well-known shrewdness, got up a petition, put it 
through the Legislature, and procured the grant. 


And keep it, rather than quarrel and fight. 

Next Greenfield requested a rather large strip, 

To make up a town with their barren old slip. 

And rather than see them look meager and sullen, 

And get their subsistence from sorrel and mullen, 

We granted their prayer, as is plain to be seen, 

And let them have lands that looked healthy and green. 

Frances-town next craved a very small bit, 

To make her phylacteries come snug to a fit, 

And give her proportion, as plump and as fair 

As the maiden* whose name they so cheerfully bear. 

Mont Vernon came last [and got what she wanted.] 

Thus we have been pinched and hackled all raw, 
Which leaves us in shape of a circular saw 
With a piece broken off ; and yet we are here, 
And keep on our course in hope, without fear. 
With this slight digression, we'll pick up our traps, 
And hasten along with the rest of our scraps. 
Our streams of water are nothing but rills, 
Greatly deficient for driving of mills, 
Except when swollen by showers or thaws, 
And then you may hear the clatter of saws 
Cutting up lumber yea, fingers and paws ; 
Yet not a spoonful of meal's to be had, 
Though hens, ducks and turkeys yea, women run mad, 
And cackle and scold, quack, gobble and squall, 
For grain can't be ground, the streams are so small. 
Churches we've two, and preachers the same, 
Where sinner and saint, the blind, halt and lame 
May go and get good to their souls, if they will, 
And learn to avoid the eternal down hill, 
Where old " Nickey Ben," that famous old rip, 
Stands ready to give them a crack with his whip. 
One doctor ! good luck ! now I'm free to engage 
Were there none, few would die except of old age. 
No lawyert save one e'er yet had the pride 
To think he safely our yeomen could ride ; 
And he was thrown off with his ill-gotten treasures, 
To earn his own broth by making peck measures. 
A full baker's dozen of squires have we, 
Who serve for the honor, instead of the fee ; 
But Justice ! bah ! their number's so small, 
'Tis safer to say we have just none at all. 
Schoolhouses we've nine, tho' one at a peep 
Would surely be taken as sheds for the sheep, 

* Frances Deering, wife of Gov. John Wentworth. See Francestown History, p. 39. ED 
t About 45 years ago Esq. E y opened an office in this place ; had no business, and 
went to making wooden measures. He was good at that. For in the granaries of many 
of our careful farmers you ma> find sets of measures made by this wise lawyer. 


Instead of a place where the tender young mind 

Should learn to shoot forth, " as the twig is inclin'd." 

Yet some are now getting the better of self, 

Believing that mind is quite equal to pelf; 

And give, by refitting, those sheds such an air, 

As makes the whole district with wonder to stare, 

And two-penny souls half determined to swear. 

We've a pond of small size, surrounded with bogs, 

Well stored with leeches, pickerel and frogs, 

Bull-paddocks, water-snakes, shiners and pouts, 

Suckers and pollywogs, turtles and trouts 

Enough in all conscience to get up a treat 

For half of the bipeds that come short of meat. 

We've a town hall, too, of modern cut, 

Where orators, poets and sporters can strut ; 

Where lyceums meet, great questions to settle, 

And brave politicians to show off their mettle ; 

.And singers to sing, and laugh and prattle, 

And boys to run, and scream, and rattle, 

As if the imps in the old black pit 

Were all seized at once with colic or fit. 

Half a century gone by, or nearly that space, 

California fever broke out in this place ; 

By some cantrip slight, the fact had been told, 

That Scattaquog's* bowels were all filled with gold. 

So at it they went, to digging and blowing, 

To carting and wheeling, shov'ling and hoeing, 

From winter to spring^through summer and fall, 

And all that they got was just nothing at all. 

So, many who now are raving for riches, 

From Mexican hills will return poor as witches, 

And wish they had staid on their own native soil, 

To gather their gold by slow, patient toil. 

The red man free once ranged our hills, 

To shoot down the deer, or fish in our rills, 

Little dreaming that he and his blood must give place, 

With his land and his hut, to a white, selfish race, 

And turn his sad face to the West for to roam, 

No more to return to his sweet, native home. 

Near our speck of a pond was his summer retreat, 

Where he -feasted on fish, if the chase gave no meat, 

And gathered the grape, the wild pear and cherry, 

That he with his friends might be joyful and merry. 

'Twas here, too, he sickened and died, 

And here he was buried, t close down by the side 

* The name of the eastern spur of our mountain. About the commencement of the 
present century a company was organized in this town, through faith in the Divining- 
rod, to mine for silver. Much time and money were expended for naught. The ex- 
cavation, though now partly filled up, is plain to be seen. 

t In the fall of 1848, as workmen were removing a sand mound at the west end of 
" Badger " Pond, so called, the bones of an Indian were disinterred. Others may yet 


Of this little pond, and the tall waving trees 

Sang his requiem, mov'd by the soft western breeze. , 

Fain here would our muse gently cower her wing, 

Nor 'tempt furthermore to flutter or sing 

Yea, fain would avoid the sad task to fulfil ; 

But oh ! the vile serpent, the " worm of the still." 

That reptile's been here, with his poisonous breath, 

Beguiling its victims to premature death ; 

Gently and softly the heart he coils round, 

'Till all the affections forever are bound. 

Father and mother, fond hearts have been pained 

To see their loved offspring so foolishly chained ; 

Sisters have wept for a brother's sad fate, 

Who fain would avoid, when, alas ! 'twas too late, 

The place where this reptile was kept to decoy 

The doom'd one from virtue, honor and joy. 

Alas ! oh, alas ! no tongue can e'er tell 

The sorrows that flow from this offspring of hell. 

If once he succeeds in wounding the brain, 

The doom'd one will seek him again and again ; 

Will sacrifice freely companions of youth, 

Probity, honor, religion and truth 

Father and mother, health, children and wife, 

Sister and brother, yea, e'en his own life. 

Alas ! he will peril his own precious soul, 

If he but for once can guaff from the bowl 

The poisonous liquid so sure for to kill, 

That comes from that reptile, the " worm of the still." 

Our muse is a blundering, careless old jade ; 

The fact is, she never yet half learn'd the trade. 

What should have come first is left until now 

We hope the fair ladies won't scowl up their brow ; 

We have lots of them here some young and some old ; 

Some handsome, some homely, some modest, some bold. 

They all are adopting the odd modern plan, 

When dress'd, to resemble a broad, open fan, 

Or rather a tunnel, with generous crop 

At the nose, and a something stuck on near the top. 

Some want to get married, some say they do not, 

But this is a fib I will wager a grot. 

Not want to get married ! I'd just as soon think 

A miser would flee from the rattle of chink ; 

Or our little pond, with all its live stock, 

Should start up the mountain, to take a short walk. 

Ivive single ! when widowers, bachelors and beaux 

Stand ready and fix'd, in their best Sunday clothes, 

To give them a call and make quite a stop, 

rest there. The first settlers of this town found around this pond many domestic and 

other implements of Indian construction. There is no evidence that tl 

this region a permanent residence, but very probably it was a favorite hunting-grot 


Yea, e'en to hitch up, and the question to pop? 
t Not want to get married ! 'tis all fudge and feign, 

They just kind o' say so, their object to gain, 
And then, oh, " by cracky ! " they'll put on the clips, 
And make ye stand round like a basket of chips. 
Yet some are more honest, are willing to own 
That going through life's crooked path all alone 
Was never designed in Nature's great plan 
To be the sad lot of woman or man. 
And so they are willing to join in and go 
Through Time's little journey of sorrow and woe 
With him they have promis'd to love from the heart, 
Till death the fond union asunder shall part. 
Then ho ! ye single old scissors, don't cry! 
But lift up your heads your redemption is nigh ; 
Another good half you can get, without fail, 
And then cut like something, so here ends our TALE. 



A century of continuous existence is not a trivial matter to 
either a man or a military organization. A review of the great 
changes in our situation and in that of our familiar friends, in 
that of our country, and especially its relations with other coun- 
tries, the "battles, sieges, fortunes" we have passed through, 
even within the bounds of half a century, cannot fail deeply to 
impress us. But if the occurrences of half a century affect us 
deeply, how much more those of a full century. It was only 
appropriate then that the L,afayette Artillery and the town in 
which they had flourished for more than two-thirds of a cen- 
tury, should seek to celebrate worthily the centennial of their 

To this end, the town at its meeting in March, 1904, voted to 
observe Old Home Day, and appropriated two hundred dollars 
to expend for this object, and. also appointed a committee of ar- 
rangements to carry out its vote. 

The L,afayette Artillery also appointed a committee to make 
suitable arrangements for the celebration of their one-hun- 
dredth anniversary. 

The two committees above named united in deciding to com- 
bine both the celebrations into one. The committee chosen for 
the celebration of Old Home day were : 

Fred A. Richardson Charles L,. Perham F. B. Richards 


The Lafayette Artillery's committee were : 

Capt. Andy Holt Lieut. Edward Ross Walter S. Tarbell 

Charles L. Perham Fred Moore 

It was understood at the outset that the Artillery Co. were, 
most appropriately, to have the chief place in the day's doings. 
Consequently, the main part of the work in making the ar- 
rangements devolved on their committee. This took the lead 
and had the principal oversight of the whole. It appointed the 
following subcommittees : 

Grounds. J. A. Blanchard, C. L. Perham, Jos. A. Johnson. 
Speakers and Exercises. Capt. Andy Holt, Jacob A. Woodward. 
Decorations. Lieut. Edward Ross, chairman. 

Invitations. Chas. H. Tarbell, Capt. Andy Holt, Jacob A. Woodward. 
Salutes. A. S. Conant and members of the gun squad. 
Music. Lieut. Fred Holt, Roy N. Putnam, Jason Holt. 
Dinner. W. S. Tarbell, A. W. Putnam, Charles H. Tarbell. 
Transportation. Fred Moore, John C. Carkin and Edgar A. Danforth. 

The committee on music secured the services of the First 
Regiment Band of Nashua ; that for dinner hired the Page Co. 
of I^owell, Mass., as caterers; and that for transportation se- 
cured the extra train service from Nashua and way stations for 
both day and evening. 

At the meeting, June 4, 1904, the company voted to request 
the general committee to prepare a programme to be presented 
at the next meeting. It was presented as follows : - 

Sunrise salute by the gunner's squad 

Receiving Gov. Bachelder and invited guests by salute 

Parade of military 

Band concert 


Speaking by the governor and others 
Dress parade 

This program was accepted by the company, subject to amend- 
ment if necessary. 

That the arrangements thus projected were handsomely car- 
ried through, will be learned from the press reports furnished by 
the Manchester Union, Sept. 10, 1904, and also from the Mil- 
ford Cabinet of Sept. 15, 1904.- We cite freely from both such 
portions as suit our purpose : 

" Everything connected with the great celebration at South Lyndebor- 
ough was successfully carried out, and barring the weather, was satisfac- 
tory and pleasing to everyone, both to those who had the details in charge 
and those who were the guests of the town and the company for the day. 
There may have been more people in South Lyndeborougb on some 


previous occasion, but it is certain there never was a time when there 
were so many umbrellas in evidence as on Friday, for it commenced rain- 
ing early in the morning and there was hardly a cessation until nightfall. 
This could but be a damper on the outdoor exercises, for the bright sun 
was necessary to show up to advantage the decorations which were so 
abundant and so artistically displayed. It was really a remarkable sight 
to see such a universal decoration. Hardly a house but had its stream- 
ers and bunting flying. It was a pretty sight as it was, but with the sun's 
bright rays it would have been most attractive." Cabinet. 

" The celebration began with a salute of twenty -five guns, fired by a 
gun detachment of the Lafayettes, under the command of Albert S. 
Conant. The historic brass six-pounder, the only piece in the state service 
left for use at the outbreak of the civil war, at the sunrise hour boomed 
out the announcement of the Lafayettes centennial until the entire Pack 
Monadnock range echoed the message, and the whole countryside knew 
that New Hampshire had a military company a full 100 years old. 

" It was an interesting morning in this village this morning when the 
whole town and all the neighboring towns were turning out to enjoy the 
festivities of the Lafayette's anniversary. And it was a pretty picture 
which the village presented, even in the rain. The Artillery company 
was resplendent in new uniforms, a special suit combining some of the 
features of both the regulation artillery and marine pattern, and alto- 
gether pretty and appropriate for an independent organization. The pic- 
turesque artillery red was everywhere in evidence, but it was not long 
before the troopers of the Peterborough cavalry began to appear, and the 
yellow lining of their capes gave another touch of color to the pretty 
show. The village itself was a mass of red, white and blue. Artistic 
decorations were to be seen on every building. No pains had been spared 
to make the place beautiful, and the decorators found everybody anxious 
that no gap should be left in the color display." Union. 

"The special train bearing the governor and his party, the First Regi- 
ment Band from Nashua, the Granite Rifles from Milford and invited 
guests from all directions, came about 9.30 o'clock, and the old cannon 
spoke its welcome to our chief. At 10 o'clock the governor and his staff, 
Gen. Tolles and members of his staff reviewed the paraMe from a stand 
erected in the square. The parade was an altogether creditable one, and 
consisted of a platoon of police from Nashua, First Regiment Band, 
Nashua, Troop A Cavalry, Peterborough, Granite Rifles, Milford, Lafay- 
ette Artillery Co., Lyndeborough." Cabinet. 

" As the I/yndeborough men passed the governor they marched like vet- 
erans, and their line called out a spontaneous burst of applause from the 
militia officers, who watched it with critical eyes. An interesting feature 
of the parade was the historic piece drawn by gaily caparisoned horses 
and surrounded by a detachment of the older members of the company. 

" The parade over, the remainder of the time to the dinner hour was 
given up to sociability. Captain Davis had a good chance to put his 
troopers through some manoeuvres and gave a half hour's drill, much to 
the delight of the crowd. Meanwhile the rain had set in again and there 
was a general scurrying to cover. Citizen's hall was filled with a jolly 
crowd. Captain Andy Holt's house contained a large company of distin- 


guished guests, and the stores and dwellings of the village were meeting 
places for large numbers. For a wet day it was as jolly a time as could 
be imagined. Just to put the finishing touch on the rainy day picture, 
'Andy' Drum took his First Infantry Band on Capt. Andy Holt's 
veranda, and gave a fine concert. Almost everbody was there in a few 
moments, and the half hour before ' mess call ' was one of the most en- 
joyable of the day. 

"At noon the old gun roared out another salute. The cavalry trump- 
eters sounded the familiar call to dinner and the troopers marched to the 
big tent as they do at camp. A quiet, cosmopolitan crowd, men high in 
political and military circles, militia men, civilians, all sorts of people, 
sat down to heavily laden tables and enjoyed a pleasant dinner hour, the 
members of the L/afayette Artillery company acting as waiters." Union. 

The post-prandial exercises consisted of speeches from the dis- 
tinguished guests, interspersed with music of a sweet, animat- 
ing and inspiriting character by the band. Mr. Jacob A. Wood- 
ward presided. The local pastor offered prayer, and after fitting 
remarks by the president, he introduced Gov. N. J. Batchelder, 
who spoke with characteristic ease and pleasantry of his many 
visits to the varied gatherings throughout the state. "But," 
he said, ' ' among the things that a governor cannot do is to gov- 
ern the weather to his liking." 

He had ordered fair weather for the day, but the council had 
not confirmed the order. He congratulated the Artillery Co. on 
the completeness of their arrangements for celebrating so impor- 
tant an event. He favored occasional retrospect by communi- 
ties as well as individuals ; and he favored also the tendency in 
these times to reverence old people, old homes, old organiza- 
tions ; and he believed that the military of a state holds an im- 
portant place in fostering its patriotism. 

Appropriate to these words of our governor, it may be stated 
that 135 men, who had at some time been members of this com- 
pany enlisted as soldiers in our civil war. 

Congressman Currier followed in complimentary terms, saying that "it 
was remarkable that a company should retain its organization so many 
years as this had. A well regulated military company in a community 
gave a great sense of security." He referred to the part New Hampshire 
took in the great battles of colonial days, to the work of the Rogers 
Rangers, to the New Hampshire troops at Bunker Hill and Stark's vic- 
tory at Bennington. Cabinet. 

[Lyndeborough had the honor of sharing in all these.] 

Ex-Congressman Baker followed with appropriate remarks. 
Other speakers were Hon. C. H. Burns of Wilton, C. J. Ham- 
blett of Nashua and J. G. Crawford of Manchester. 

Instead of any attempt to give a sketch of the company, the 


carefully prepared history printed in pamphlet form was distrib- 
uted freely as a souvenir among the audience until the supply 
was exhausted. This is substantially the same as the historical 
sketch of the company given in this volume. (Pages 207-218.) 
While the exercises were in progress, the troopers and officers 
of Gen. Tolles staff enjoyed an afternoon's sport at revolver 
practice on the hillside behind the tent. A dress parade took 
place about five o'clock, and a large and attractive crowd filled 
the hall to enjoy the dancing in the evening. 

"Among the guests were : Governor N. J. Batchelder, Brigadier-Gen. 
Jason E. Tolles, Congressman Frank D. Currier, Adjt. Gen. A. D. Ayling, 
Col. E. C. Hutchinson, Lieut. Col. H. H. Jewell, Maj. A. F. Cutnmings, 
Maj. George M. Follett, Lieut. Col. A. G. Shattuck ; Nathan C. Jameson 
and wife, Antrim; O. B. Warren of Rochester, junior vice department 
commander of the Grand Army of New Hampshire ; M. L. Piper of 
Auburn, United States capital police ; Police Commissioner F. D. Run- 
nels of Nashua; Gen. Chas. H. Burns, Wilton; Col. J. E. Pecker of Con- 
cord; Col. W. B. Rotch of Milford ; Gen. D. M. White of Peterborough ; 
former Congressman Henry M. Baker of Bow ; Col. John G. Crawford of 
Manchester; Maj. D. E. Proctor of Wilton; Dr. H. S. Hutchinson of 
Milford, the Rev. Francis H. Buffum of Winchester ; Rev. M. F. Johnson 
of Nashua ; Rev. F. A. Robinson of Milford ; Rev.W. N. Donovan of New- 
town Centre, Mass.; District Attorney Charles J. Hamblett of Nashua ; 
H. K. Libbey of Manchester; Judge A. I/. Keyes of Milford." Cabinet. 

Everybody seemed to regard the centennial celebration of the 
Lafayette Artillery as a complete and praiseworthy success. 



JOHN MASON. A brief account of John Mason, the founder 
of New Hampshire, can hardly fail to interest those who live on 
lands included in the grant made to Gorges and Mason, jointly, 
by King James the First of England, in 1622. 

John Mason was the son of John and Isabella Mason, and was 
born in Lynn Regis, or King's Lynn, in the maritime county of 
Norfolk, England. Very little is known of his early life. He 
attracted first notice as a merchant in London. Later he en- 
tered the naval service, and became an officer in the fleet which 
assisted the Dutch Republic in its struggle to free itself from 
Spain. In 1610, after the independence of Holland had been 
secured, he was made commander of the king's fleet, which was 
sent to control the turbulent people of the Hebrides. With a 
squadron consisting of two ships of war and two pinnaces, fitted 
out at his own expense, he undertook and effected this task. It 
was, perhaps, to reimburse him for the expense of this expedi- 
tion that in 1615 he was made governor of Newfoundland, then 
one of the most valuable of the English possessions in North 
America. He made the first English map of that island, and 
was commissioned by the king " to deal with the pirates then 
infesting the Newfoundland region."* 

" In 1621 he returned to England," and about that time be- 
came intimately connected with Sir Ferdinando Gorges and 
others who were interested in colonizing enterprises. They, 
with a few others admitted as their partners, effected the settle- 
ment of New Hampshire in 1623. After his return he was ap- 
pointed governor of the town of Portsmouth, England.! When 
a vacancy occurred in the Council of Plymouth, Mason "was 
elected a member of that body, and was chosen their secretary. 
He was thus placed in the front rank of those who were actively 
engaged in promoting discoveries and encouraging settlements 
in North America."! His election to the "Great Council for 
New England," composed of "persons of honor and even of 
blood," of which in November he became vice-president, 

Batchellor, Vol. XXVII., Pref. pp. 4, 5- 
tProv. Papers, vol. I, p. 4. | Hist, of Town of Mason, p. o. 


" showed the high estimation put on Mason by some of the fore- 
most persons in England." 

" Early in 1635 the Council for New England became satis- 
fied of its inability to control affairs in New England. It had 
long had enemies at home as well as here. There was an unwill- 
ingness to recognize the powers granted by the sovereign in the 
nature of government, and it had no strength to enforce its de- 
crees. The Colony of Massachusetts Bay became large and 
powerful, and disregarded all authority, kingly as well as other, 
as far as they thought it prudent. Complaints against the council 
were constantly made to the Privy Council, and they were cited 
to answer. They determined thereupon to surrender their great 
charter to the king, and to divide the whole territory of New 
England among themselves. Pursuant to this resolve Mason 
received a new grant from the council, dated April 22, 1635, f 
the lands hitherto granted to him by the council. This grant 
embraced all the land between the Naumkeag and Pascataqua 
rivers, extending three score miles inland, with the south half 
of the Isles of Shoals, to be called New Hampshire." 

" On the surrender of the New England Patent in 1635, it 
was the design of the king to place over that territory a general 
governor, and Sir Ferdinando Gorges received the appointment. 
To complete the vice-regal government, Capt. John Mason was 
appointed Oct. i, Vice- Admiral of New England." 

" Mason made every preparation to come to New Hampshire, 
looking forward to a visit to his plantation, as well as to the 
charge he had undertaken. In November he was taken ill, and 
died early in December, 1635, an event that proved disastrous 
to his interests in New England, which fell, by the terms of his 
will, to his widow and to his grandson, then not one year old." 

"The death of Mason was regarded at the time" by " his 
friends and associates as a far-reaching calamity," * but by the 
Puritan element as the removal of a formidable obstacle to their 
designs on the Pascataqua plantations. 

He had taken great pains in founding his settlement. He in- 
troduced fine cattle from Denmark and encouraged agriculture. 
His hope was to enrich himself from mines of the precious 
metals which he believed were to be discovered, and from fish- 
eries which would be developed, as well as from traffic with the 
Indians in valuable furs. He expended large sums of money in 
laying the foundation of a splendid establishment which he ex- 

*Batch., Vol. XXVII., Pref. p. 5. 


pected at some future day would amply reward him for his expen- 
diture. What would have resulted from his outlays cannot now 
be calculated with any certainty. He was not permitted to 
reap the anticipated fortune. He died in 1635, having had 
about twelve years in which to improve his plantation. About 
a year before his death he wrote that he ' ' had never received 
a penny for all his outlay on his plantation in Pascataqua." 
Indeed, until the near approach of his death, his opportunity for 
the greatest usefulness to the colony had not arrived. 
He had but one child, a daughter, Anne, who married Joseph 
Tufton. Three sons and two daughters were born of this mar- 
riage, and to these were bequeathed his New Hampshire posses- 
sions. His lineal descendants down to the time of the sale of 
his possessions to the Portsmouth syndicate in 1746 are given as 
follows by Batchellor XXVII., p. 6 of preface : 

1. Capt. John Mason, died Dec. 1635. 

2. Anne Mason, daughter, married Joseph Tufton. 

3. Robert Tufton, alias Mason, son of Anne, born 1635. Took sur- 
name of Mason by terms of his grandfather's will. 

4. Robert Tufton Mason, 2nd., son. He and his elder brother John 
undertook to pass their interest in New Hampshire to Samuel Allen in 

5. John Tufton Mason, son, died in Havanna 1718. 

6. Col. John Tufton Mason, son, born in Boston, Mass. Apr. 29, 1713: 
sold title to lands in New Hampshire to the Masonian Proprietors in 
1746, claiming that the transaction with Allen in 1691 conveyed only a life 

JUDGE BENJAMIN I/VNDE. The first of this name of 
Lynde, of whom we have record in this country, was Simon 
Lynde, son of Enoch, of London, England, a wealthy merchant. 
Simon followed his father's occupation, and in 1650, when he 
was 26 years of age, came to New England, and seems to have 
had his home in Boston. He possessed much wealth, and later 
in life was by royal authority appointed one of the counsellors 
for New England. 

Benjamin Lynde is said to have been the sixth son of Simon, 
and was born Sept. 22, 1666. He was graduated at Harvard 
College, and entered upon the study of law. He was sent to 
London for his legal education, and was admitted to the Middle 
Temple Oct. 18, 1692. He returned to his native land after 
completing his legal studies, and was soon ranked among the 
foremost in his profession in New England. On the resignation 
of Judge Sewall in 1728, he was made chief justice of the prov- 


ince, and held this office up to the time of his death, Jan. 28, 
1745. A brief notice of him in the Boston Evening Post closes 
his life record thus : 

" Inflexible justice, unshattered integrity, affability and humanity 
were ever conspicuous with him. He was a sincere friend, most affec- 
tionate to his relations, and the delight of all who were honored with 
his friendship and acquaintance." 

Such was the father of Benjamin Ivynde, Jr., Esq., the promi- 
nent proprietor of many shares in the old township of Salem- 

BENJAMIN I/VTNDE, JR., the eldest son of Judge Benjamin 
L,ynde, was born in Salem, Massachusetts, October 15, 1700. 
He entered Harvard College in 1714, and was graduated in 
1718, in the class with Theodore Atkinson, who afterward 
became chief justice of New Hampshire, and also with Richard 
Dana, who became a distinguished advocate. He took his 
master's degree in 1721, and was appointed a special judge 
of the Court of .Common Pleas for Suffolk County in 
1734. When the commission appointed for the settle- 
ment of the boundary between New Hampshire and Massa- 
chusetts met at Hampton in 1737, he was named as one of the 
agents to accompany it. Two years later he was made one of 
the standing judges of the Court of Common Pleas for Essex 
Co., and in 1745, the year of his father's death, " he was raised 
to the Superior Bench of the Province." The latter position he 
held for twenty-seven years, and he was also a member of the 
council for twenty-eight years. " The most important trial that 
took place during his judicial term was that of the soldiers who 
fired on the mob in State street. In the absence of Chief Justice 
Hutchinson, Judge I,ynde presided. It was a time of great 
political excitement, and the occasion was one that required the 
utmost firmness and skill on the part of the judges to insure a 
just and impartial decision." These trials lasted several days, 
and, as has been said, "proceeded with care and patience on 
the part of the Bench and counsel ; and both Judges and Jury 
seem to have acted with all the impartiality that is exhibited in 
the most enlightened tribunals." "The result," said Judge 
Washburn, " is a proud memorial of the purity of the adminis- 
tration of Justice in Massachusetts." (Sketch in Journal of 
Benjamin I^ynde, pp. 13, 14.) 

" Judge I^ynde was noted for his learning, his liberality and 
public spirit." " On November i, 1731, Judge Lynde married 


Mary, the daughter of Major John Bowles of Roxbury, a de- 
scendant of the Rev. John Eliot," the famous missionary among 
the Indians. They had three daughters. Mary, the eldest, 
married Hon. Andrew Oliver, Jr., one of the judges of the 
Common Pleas for Essex. 

Hannah died unmarried ; and Lydia married Sept. 30, 1767, 
Rev. William Walter, rector of Trinity Church, Boston, " who 
represented the Lynde estate in the meetings of the proprietors 
for many years." 

In the spring of 1781, Benjamin Lynde, Jr., Esq., received a 
kick from a horse, from the effects of which he did not recover, 
and he died on the 5th of October following, at the advanced 
age of 81. He was a diligent student of our Colonial History, 
and was a contributor to "Prince's Chronological History of 
New England." 

An extract from his last will and testament follows : 

" I give and devise to my said Grandchild, B. Lynde Oliver and his 
heirs, One third of my Lands and Farm, (not mortgaged Lands) I shall 
die possessed of in the Township of Lyndeborough in New Hampshire." 

" Item. I give, devise and bequeath to my said Grandson, Lynde 
Walter, two of my Farms at Lyndeborough, N. H., which I had in right 
of two MASON i AN GRAND PROPRIETORS, viz., No. i, adjoining South on 
Temple Town, and No. 5, adjoining East on what was originally Salem- 
Canada, and South on Mr. Moffat No. 2, each of said farms containing 
200 acres apiece, to him and his heirs forever ; But if he should die be- 
fore he arrives at the age of eighteen years of marriage, then I give said 
Farms to any son of my daughter, Walter, called after my name ; and 
if none such, then to my Grandson, Benjamin Lynde Oliver and his 
heirs forever. 

Dated, May 10, 1776. 

Diary and Letters of Benj. Lynde, Appendix pp. 236 and 237. 

Mr. Lynde evidently possessed great wealth for his day, and 
bequeathed it in liberal portions among his children and grand- 
children. The names of Walter and Oliver figure largely in the 
records of the Lyndeborough proprietors after Mr. Lynde's 
decease, as his heirs and successors. 

The "Diary and Letters" of Benjamin Lynde contains good 
portraits of Mr. and Mrs. Lynde. (.The N. E. Historic Genea- 
logical Society, Boston.) 

WILLIAM WALTER, D.D. William Walter was the son 
of Thomas Walter and grandson of Rev. Nathaniel Walter of 
Roxbury, Massachusetts. His mother was Rebecca, daughter 
of Rev. Joseph Belcher. Thus, inheriting from both parents 


something of clerical culture, it causes little surprise that he 
should possess literary tastes and tendencies. He was born in 
1737, and was graduated from Harvard in 1756. We assume 
that he received theological training at the feet of some of the 
pastors in his vicinity. Through the courtesy of the sexton of 
Trinity Church, Boston, the writer was permitted to copy a 
brief but luminous sketch of Doctor Walter from the sermon of 
Rev. Phillips Brooks at the consecration of the new Trinity 
Church, Boston, February 9, 1877. When speaking of the 
" Greene Foundation for the support of an assistant minister," 
Dr. Brooks said : 

"The first assistant Minister on the Foundation was Dr. William 
Walter, and on the death of Mr. Hooper he became Rector of the parish. 
He had been bred a Congregationalist, but became a member of our 
Church and went to London for ordination. For ten years he served 
Trinity with faithfulness, and then the beginning of the Revolution 
came. On the ijth of March, 1776, Boston was evacuated by the British, 
and the Minister of Trinity went with Gen. Howe and the British troops 
to Halifax, N. S., where he remained until the Revolution was over. 
Then he returned to Boston, and became the Rector of Christ Church. 
He died in 1800, and his funeral sermon was preached by his successor 
in Trinity, Dr. Parker. That sermon gives us a good idea of the faith- 
ful and earnest parish minister, and though in those hot days of patriotic 
zeal there was no chance for one who was not of sympathy with the 
cause of the Colonies, to be the preacher here, the very fact that when 
the war was over the royalist could come back to Boston and become 
again the Rector of a parish in the town, bears witness to the honor in 
which he must have been held." 

Under date of September 30, 1767, Benjamin L,ynde, Jr., 
Esq. , wrote in his diary : 

"My daughter L,ydia married to Rev. Mr. William Walter, minister of 
Trinity Church in Boston, where she went to live the 7th of October 

Doctor Walter was a prominent figure among the lyynde- 
borough proprietors, especially after the death of his father-in- 
law, Benjamin Lynde. When present in their meetings he was 
usually chosen moderator. He was active in the work of com- 
pleting the disposal of Benjamin Lynde's estate in I^ynde- 
borough. His letter to the Masonian proprietors, as Rev. 
Frank G. Clark has appreciatively said, "is well worthy of 
preservation for its vigorous English and as showing the diffi- 
culties in those early days of securing accurate surveys of lots." 
He was earnest in his efforts to secure fair dealings for his 


associates, and ready to make reasonable concessions to those 
whose claims infringed upon the Lyndeborough grant. 

In order to close up the business of the original proprietors 
of the town, the common, unoccupied and undivided lands 
were surveyed and a map was made of the ten different pieces 
of unequal value to be disposed of. A valuation was made of 
the several pieces by judicious and reliable men, (Dea. Ephraim 
Putnam and Capt. Peter Clark, p. 92) and the various share- 
holders were to receive a piece out of these common lands, pro- 
portioned to his property in the town. As the representative of 
Benjamin Lynde, Dr. Walter was the largest shareholder. For 
this reason, he requested that he might have the privilege of 
first choice out of the common lands. To this request his asso- 
ciates readily acceded, as expressed in the following terms : 

"Whereas the Rev. Dr. Walter has requested that he may be allowed 
the first choice in said commons ; and as we consider he has taken the 
lead in all matters that have been transacted in the meetings of the 
propriety since 1792, and been eminently serviceable to the propriety, 
Voted, that he be allowed his choice in the division of said commons, 
provided he make his choice known at the next meeting." 

This vote was attested by Sewall Goodridge, Proprietors' 

In war time he remained in Nova Scotia. " He returned to 
Boston in 1791, became rector of Christ Church, and remained 
in that relation till his death.* He died in Boston, December 
5, 1800. He had two sons, William and Benjamin Lynde 
Walter, who were merchants in Boston, and the elder of whom 
became the founder of the " Boston Transcript." 

COL. ISRAEL HUTCHINSON. Colonel Hutchinson was 
an early proprietor of Lyndeborough lands, which lay upon the 
northern tier of lots. Encroachments were made upon his right 
by Wallingford's survey and purchasers, so that his estate was 
eighty acres short of the quantity for which he had paid. He at- 
tempted to have the matter adjusted, and petitioned the Mason- 
ian Proprietors to indemnify him "by allowing other lands or 
monies that shall be a reasonable compensation." 

Col. Hutchinson 's connection with the Putnam family may 
account for his investment in Lyndeborough lands. He married 
Mehitabel, the widow of Archelaus Putnam of Danvers, Mass., 
and was himself a Danvers man. The Putnams of Salerr 
Canada, Jacob and Ephraim, were brothers of Archelaus, a 

* Memorial Hist, of Boston, Vol. Ill, PP- "8, 129- 


possibly, through the marriage of his widow, were brought into 
closer relationship in business with Col. Hutchinson. An ap- 
preciative notice of the latter is found in the New England 
Magazine for October, 1902, p. 230. 

Col. Israel Hutchinson was the son of Elisha Hutchinson, 
and was born in Danvers, Mass., Nov. 27, 1727. " He was one 
of a scouting party in the Maine wilds in Indian warfare. He 
was at Ticonderoga and Lake George, and with Wolfe when he 
scaled the heights of Abraham.. He led a company of minute 
men on the morning of the iQth of April, 1775, and was promi- 
nent at the siege of Boston, commanding at Fort Hill on evacua- 
tion. For twenty-one years he was elected to Senate, House or 
Council. He died in 1811." 

The same publication, page 229, presents a picture of his 
monument, with the inscription : 

Israel Hutchinson 

1727 1811 

Served his Country as 

Sergt. Co. of Rangers 1757 

At Lake George and Ticonderoga 1758 

Capt. Quebec 1759 

Capt. Battle of Lexington 1775 

Col. Siege of Boston 

New York New Jersey 

Crossing of the Delaware 


His men manned boats in 
Retreat from Long Island 

Representative and Councillor 
21 yrs. 

An Honored Citizen and Loyal Soldier 

Col. Hutchinson's marriage with Madam Mehitabel Putnam, 
brought him also into the relationship of step-father to Miss 
Phebe Putnam, who became a permanent resident of L,yndebor- 
ough, as the wife of Rev. Sewall Goodridge, pastor of L,ynde- 
borough for more than forty years. The relationship also has 
her kindly acknowledgment in the fact that she named one of 
her favored sons, Israel Hutchinson Goodridge. Mr. Hutchin- 
son was also sufficiently in touch with L/yndeborough to become 
at another time an investor in 'Scataquog mine, little to his pe- 
cuniary profit. He appears to have been in his day one of the 
prominent men in the Bay State. 


" One touch of nature makes the whole world kin." 

JOHN BADGER. Among the early pioneers in Salem-Can- 
ada came John Badger, who settled near the southern line of 
the town in 1739. He with his two brothers, Joseph and 
Eliphalet, came to New England about 1728 or 1729. Tradition 
has it that the father was a wealthy Englishman who had done 
business in Scotland, whither he had sent John, his youngest 
son, to collect some of his accounts. While thus engaged he 
had formed the acquaintance of a winsome Scottish lassie 
named Mary McFarland. The acquaintance ripened into an 
intimacy. The attractions were mutual. But, it is said, "the 
course of true love never did run smooth." The truth of this 
sentiment the lovers were destined to test. For the young 
man's father became aware of his son's attachment ; and with 
a Johnsonian dislike for the young lady's nationality, attempted 
to break up a union between them. He accordingly sent John 
with his older brothers across the seas, to seek his fortune in 
the new world. But 

" The best laid schemes o' mice and men, 
Gang aft a-gley." 

The heart of the young lady was too deeply enlisted to endure 
such hindrance and submit to defeat. Full of the energy, 
hardihood, and fire of her nationality she formed the purpose 
to seek her lover, to brave the dangers and inconveniences of 
the sea, and share his fortunes on these perilous and sparsely 
peopled shores. 

" Many waters cannot quench love, neither can the floods drown it." 
She landed on the shores of the majestic Sagadahoc, where 
she and her lover were soon reunited and became husband and 
wife. They remained no long time in Maine, but came into 
this province, and found a home for a few years in what was 
then known as Nottingham West, now Hudson. About the 
year 1738, Mr. Badger doubtless visited this town. He erected 
his cabin and entered it in April, i 7 39- A melancholy interest 
attaches to the career of this devoted family by reason of 1 
faithful love which they cherished for one another, and 
genuine heroism displayed by the Scottish maiden and 
pioneer matron. John and Mary Badger were the paret 
three children before they came into this town. His soj 
here was brief, for he was the first settler to answer the un* 
come summons of death. In February, 1740, amid the . 


snows of well iiigh a trackless wilderness, he yielded his life a 
victim to consumption. He died in the night. The nearest 
neighbors were three miles away. In the words of Dr. Eph- 
raini Peabody : 

"His wife composed him on the bed for rest, left her children, of whom 
she had three, the oldest but eight years of age, with their breakfast, and 
with strict injunctions not to wake their father, as he was asleep, and 
putting on her snowshdes proceeded to seek assistance. That indeed was 
a dreary morning as she went forth through the solitary woods of winter. 
Death is in her home aud her children wait her return. Uphold her 
trembling heart, Thou Father of the fatherless and the widow's God! 
Neighbors returned with her. A tree was hollowed out for a coffin, and 
so in the solitude was he committed to the earth. . . . What, then, 
must have been her loneliness a solitary widow in the wilderness ! She 
must watch by the bedside of her children alone ; her tears shall be shed 
alone ; she shall no more kneel by her husband's side to pray; his voice 
shall no more waken her at morning, and when the night approaches she 
shall unconsciously look forth to the forest, watching for his return, who 
shall never return again."* 

In the sketch of the history of L,yndeborough, in the History 
of Hillsborough County, Mr. David C. Grant gave John Badger 
the credit of being the first settler of Salem-Canada. The Gene- 
alogy of the Chamberlain Family, compiled by Mr. Willis B. 
Chamberlain, page 12, accords this honor to Mr. John Cram. 
Rev. F. G. Clark also says that " John Cram stands at the head 
of the pioneers of the settlement, ' ' and the Proprietors' Records 
call him " one of the first settlers." 

Manuscripts of more recent date and of undoubted authority 
make it clear that Mr. John Cram was the first settler in our 
town. He came here in 1737, and both children and grand- 
children formed a part of his household. It was to this family 
that Mrs. Badger went for assistance at the time of her hus- 
band's death. 

The descendants of both men have held and still hold a 
large and honored share in the affairs and population of L,ynde- 

CAPTAIN WILLIAM BARRON. William Barren was a 
citizen of Lyndeborough as early as 1768. He married Olive 

One article of the warrant for town meeting, Mar. 8, 1768, 
was, " To see if town will except of a road laid out from Josiah 
Dutton's to where it strikes the other road near William Bar- 

*Wilton History, pp. 41, 43. 


ron's house." Nov. 28, 1769, he was one of a committee chosen 
to examine what land was allowed for the meeting-house, and 
to see that the land was bounded and put on record. In 1771 
he was overseer of the poor and a member of the school commit- 
tee. In 1772 he was a selectman, and the next year tithing 
man. In March, 1775, he was chosen highway surveyor, and 
called lyieut. Barren ; and in 1776 the town allowed his account 
for horse-hire to go to the army at Winter Hill. He seems to 
have been commissioned as captain to raise a company to defend 
Fort Ticonderoga, and to go to Canada in 1776, and led thither 
sixty men. The muster roll of his company is in the Revolu- 
tionary Rolls of N. H., Vol. I., pp. 358-360. It is also in N. H. 
Town Papers, Vol. XI., p. 720. The men who went from this 
town were as follows : 

Capt. Wm. Barren Nathan Batchelder 

Isaac Dey (Day) Peter Russell 

Samuel Stevens Asahel Stiles 

James Barnum Hezekiah Hamblet 

John Savage Joseph Ellinwood 

John Rowe John Carkin 

Philip Fletcher John Bofee 

Reuben Batchelder Samuel Butterfield 

From 1777 to 1779, Wm. Barren was constable in L,yndebor- 
ough, and in 1778 he signed a protest against paying Lyndebor- 
ough men for military services which were performed for other 
towns, and for which those towns had already paid. 

In 1779 Wm. Barren was one of the committee of nineteen 
men, chosen to set a value on the necessaries of life in the town, 
and to guard against any breaches of the agreement thereon. 

In 1781 he was on a committee chosen to enlist the quota of 
the town for the army. His associates were Amos Pearson, 
Eleazar Woodward, together with the commissioned officers ; 
and in the same year he was appointed one of the committee to 
examine the plan of government for the state of New Hamp- 
shire. He was licensed as a tavern keeper year after year, for a 
long period ; and in one official capacity or another, as highway 
surveyor, constable, overseer of the poor, sealer of weights and 
measures, school committee, keeper of the town stock of powder^ 
kept in the church loft, and deacon of the church, he rende 
service almost every year from 1770 to 1800, and later. 

Rev. F. G. Clark says : 

"During the Revolution a hotel was kept by Capt. Barton, north of the 
Badger pond, where F. B. Tay lives. When Burgoyne was captured, a 


large number of people gathered there to celebrate the event. A cask of 
tar was raised to the top of a pine tree, over which was placed an image of 
the British commander, and after dark the enemy was burnt in effigy.* 

CAPT. WILLIAM BLANEY. He is said to have been a 
sea captain, and was probably a relative of Major Joseph Blaney, 
one of the original proprietors of Salem-Cauada. 

On a commanding elevation, a little west of south from South 
Lyndeborough village, and about three-fourths of a mile distant, 
is the ruin of a cellar, over which once stood the residence of 
Capt. Wm. Blaney. South of the cellar may be seen aged apple 
trees, the remnants of what was early in the last century a flour- 
ishing orchard. Captain Blaney owned extensive pastures in 
this part of the town, a portion of which, now the property of 
W. N. Cheever, still bears the name of " the Blaney pasture." 
A short distance to the north of the old cellar are traces of the 
tan-pit where he evidently conducted a tannery. He is on rec- 
ord as having bought what was known as the " Stockwell yard" 
in Wilton, the deed of which was dated Nov. 13, 1799.* 

Oct. 3, 1794, Rev. Sewall Goodridge gave him a deed of a 
tract of land adjoining Wilton. (See p. 485 ; also p. 326.) His 
pew in the old meeting-house was No. 6 on the ground floor. 

He was a revolutionary soldier, and not only did active service 
himself, but also, with many others, hired substitutes. 

On a gravestone near the residence of Samuel Dolliver is the 
inscription : 

" In memory of Christopher S. Blaney, son of Capt. and Mrs. Ruth S. 
Blaney, who died July 22, 1789, aged 13 years, 5 months, and 25 days. 
Affliction sore long time I bore, 

Physicians strove in vain, 
Till God was pleased to give me ease 
And took away my pain." 

Capt. Blaney died in 1802, leaving wife and five minor chil- 
dren. After his decease the family left town, removing to 
Marblehead, Mass. On the Probate Docket of Essex County, 
2,637, Mrs. Ruth Blaney, widow, of Marblehead, was appointed 
guardian of the minor children, Oct. 15, 1806. 

OSGOOD CARLETON. According to "Memorials of the 
Carletons," Osgood's brothers were Jeremiah, Timothy, David 
and Ebenezer ; and his sisters were Mary, who married Reuben 
Batchelder, and Abigail, who married first, John Johnson ; and 
second, Ensign David Putnam ; and third, Capt. Jonas Kidder. 

*Salem-Canada, p. 37. fWilton History, p. 173. 


The state papers, edited by Hon. A. S. Batchellor, Vol. XXVII, 
pages 414 to 418, give samples of his engineering work or 
draughtsmanship.* " Carleton's Compendium of Practical Arith- 
metic ; Applied to the Federal and Other Currencies," was 
compiled at the request of the ' ' Associated Instructors of 
Youth," in Boston, and published in 1810. 

A well preserved copy of this work, kindly lent by descend- 
ants of one of the Carleton family, furnished the facts above 
cited. The work was creditable, and esteemed as one of the 
worthy successors of the great arithmetic of Nicholas Pike, 
teacher in Newburyport, Mass., though it is less than half the 
size of that famous and formidable volume. 

Mr. Carleton was married and settled in this town. His 
wife was I^ydia, one of the Johnson family, of the east part of 
the town. His farm, according to a letter of John Carleton, 
was about a half mile south of the meeting-house. This tallies 
with an old deed, from " Benjamin L,ynde to Osgood Carleton, 
of Second Division L,ot No. 56, containing 130 acres." This 
deed was dated Dec. 21, 1768. He built a house on this lot, 
and seems to have lived there several years. The place is now 
known as the L,ucas place ; and was formerly the Manuel place. 

He must have left Lyndeborough a short time before the 
commencement of the Revolutionary War, for he enlisted in 
his native state, Massachusetts, May i, 1775, and was soon pro- 
moted. (For his promotion, see Rev. Rolls.) 

W. H. Grant, Esq., found a record stating that Osgood 
Carleton "delivered to M. Hillegas, Continental Treasurer in 
1781, six boxes containing thirteen million one thousand six 
hundred thirty-seven Dollars, Continental money." 

Mr. John Carleton, a grandson of Jeremiah, affirmed that he, 
himself, had seen among Osgood Carleton's papers, receipts 
from General Washington acknowledging several million Pounds 
Sterling which had been paid to him. 

From another source comes the account of Osgood Carleton 
as transportation agent of the government money, as well as 
army paymaster, stating " that he traveled with two horses and 
an old cart, escorted by six men who pretended not to know 
him, or have anything to do with him. His clothing was old 

* The writer found in the Old State House, in Boston, a " map of the city from actual 
surveys made by Osgood Carleton." It is described as, "A copy of a r 
Boston, presumed to be the only one extant, published by George B. F< 
Copyright Secured 1878." 


and everything was done to avert suspicion of his having any 
money, and he was never molested." 

Authorities differ as to the date of his death. The work en- 
titled, " Memorials of the Carletons," gives the date as 1814; 
"Drake's Dictionary of American Biography" describes him 
as "a teacher of mathematics and navigation ; d. I/itchfield, N. 
H., June, 1816. A resident of Massachusetts, he published 
valuable maps of that State and of the district of Maine." 
Other publications were "The American Navigator," in 1801 ; 
"The South American Pilot," 1804; "A map of the United 
States," 1806. The memorials of the Carletons report his hav- 
ing three sons : Osgood, b. 1783 ; John and David. He is said 
to have died at the home of his son, in L/itchfield, N. H. (See 

CAPTAIN PETER CLARK of Lyndeborough was a descen- 
dant of Hugh Clark, who settled first in Watertown, Mass.; 
and afterwards removed to Roxbury, Mass., where he died July 
20, 1693. The direct line of descent is Hugh, 1 Uriah, 2 Rev. 
Peter, 3 a graduate of Harvard in 1712, Peter, 4 a graduate of 
Harvard in 1739, Capt. Peter, 5 of I^yndeborough. 

The parents of the latter were both natives of Danvers, Mass. 
His father preferred farming to professional life ; and Deacon 
Hobart of Braintree, his grandfather, gave him a farm in that 
town, on which he settled, and October 22, 1741, married Anna 
Porter of Danvers. There, in Braintree, February 4, 1743, 
Capt. Peter was born. 

In the 2ist year of his age, October 20, 1763, he married 
Hannah Epps of Braintree, the daughter of Daniel Epps, Esq. 
and Hannah (Prescott) his wife. Daniel Eppes was one of the 
old Salem-Canada proprietors ; was for several years proprie- 
tors' clerk, and one of the heaviest shareholders in the town- 
ship. It was doubtless through the influence of his father-in- 
law, that in the troubled times of 1775, Peter Clark removed to 
the well-wooded and quiet town of Lyndeborough, N. H. 
Here he made for himself a home and reared a noble family, 
and left a worthy record, not only of heroism, but of civic 
virtue as well. He lived on what has been known in later 
years as the Holden place. 

Soon after coming into the town in 1775, he was commis- 
sioned as a captain of the gth Regiment of New Hampshire 
Militia. On the alarm connected with Burgoyne's invasion, he 


led 60 men, proposed destination Ticonderoga, to join Stark's 
command. This was on July i, 1777. The fort had been evacu- 
ated, and his company, not being needed in camp, returned to 
their farms. Twenty of these with their captain belonged in 
this town, and their names are to be remembered. They are 
given on pages 162 and 163. 

Capt. Clark set out on a second expedition, July 21, 1777. 
He then went to Bennington, joined Stark's army, and with his 
men rendered excellent service in that noted battle. Capt. 
Clark was said to be one of the first men to mount the British 
defenses. Twenty of our townsmen, including the captain, 
were in that noted fight. Their names are on page 163. The 
time of service of these men was 68 days. 

Captain Clark marched a third time on the 2Qth of September, 
1777, and bore a 'part in the battle of Saratoga, and assisted in 
the capture of General Burgoyne. On this last expedition, 
there were, including him, 16 of our citizens, whose names we 
give, page 163. 

Before the close of the Revolutionary War, Capt. Clark was 
commissioned major in the military service. His commission is 
one of the cherished heirlooms of the family, issued November 
16, 1779, and signed by Meshech Weare, President of the 
Council at Exeter, then the seat of our State Government. 

JOHN CLARK, brother of Capt. Peter, went to Lynde- 
borough in 1775. April 24, 1776, he married Margery Hay- 
ward, who died November 26, 1808. He was an honest man 
and a good citizen, and died in L,yndeborough March 19, 1814. 

SAU.Y CLARK, b. November 19, 1778. m. 1802, Benjamin, 
son of Rev. Sewall Goodridge of Lyndeborough. 

FRANCIS CLARK, son of Capt. Peter, moved toBarre, Vt., 
and died there. He was the father of Rev. William Clark, 
who assisted much in securing the genealogy from which this 
information is derived. 

JOHN CLARK, youngest son of Capt. Peter, was remarkable 
for his musical talent, led the choir for many years, and both 
he and his sons furnished music on many public occasions. 

HANNAH DEBORAH CLARK, sister of Rev. B. F., was 
educated at New Ipswich Academy, and at Maplewood Institute, 


at Pittsfield, Mass. She became a successful teacher, and after 
residing at North Chelmsford two or three years with her 
brother, was married at his home, March 7, 1843, to George F. 
Gillmore, Esq., of Pittsburg, Pennsylvania. "The Gillmore 
Mission School" of that city was named for her. She was noted 
for the energy and earnestness of her Christian character. 
For other notices see Genealogies. 

CRAM. The first settler in Salem-Canada was, undoubt- 
edly, Mr. John Cram, who came from Wilmington, Mass., with 
his wife and married sons and marriageable daughters, and with 
several grandchildren. As he was foremost among the settlers, 
so also was the Cram family one of the oldest of whom we have 
any record among all the inhabitants of the town. 

The origin of the Crams has been traced back to very remote 
antiquity. It. appears first among the Slavonic people who 
came early into northeastern Germany, where they established 
themselves and were noted for their warlike spirit. Here a 
branch of the family was raised to baronial dignity and a long 
succession of knights and titled nobility reflected honor on the 
name. Another branch of the family penetrated into France, 
whence it entered the Duchies of I^ower Saxony and Brunswick 
in the ninth century. The name, however, appeared first in 
the archives of those principalities in A. D. 1181, 1206, and 
1225, where it was written, Von Cramm, the prefix Von in 
German names being a well-known mark of nobility. From 
north Germany, a branch of the family crossed the German 
ocean and established its home in England, in 1528. The 
founder of this branch was Hans (or John) Von Cramm, who 
" with six men at arms," entered the service of the Bishop of 
Durham, and was a successful and honored soldier. " In con- 
sideration of goodlie service at warr," the Dean and Canons of 
Durham "devised unto the sayde Hans Von Cramm their 
dwelling-place at Felling in the county of Dunholm, lately 
called the Priorie." Thus was the family enrolled among the 
landed gentry of England. 

It is noted as a peculiar coincidence that Hans, twelfth child 
of Burkard Von Cramm, was the founder of the family in 
England ; and still another Hans, or John, the twelfth child of 
another Burkard and Barbara Cram, became the founder of the 
family in America. 

The progenitor in England was buried at Jarrow, about a 


half-mile south of the Tyne, near the shore of the German 
ocean. His tombstone is built into the side of the south porch 
of the old church at Jarrow. The place is noted as the scene 
of the labors of the venerable Bede, and the church is said to 
contain the old oak chair which he graced. A copy of the in- 
scription on the old tombstone of John Cram is here given : 
" Hie jacet John Cramm qui obiit nonadecimo die Februarii A 
Dni M DCLIII nonagesimo quarto ejus aie ppetur deus Amen ' ' 
The English Crams have the same general ensign as the 
German family, the crest alone being changed, to indicate that 
"they got it as vassals or liegemen of the Abbey," i. e. of 
Durham. As a matter of interest both coats of arms may be 
compared, that of the German branch being copied from the 
archives of Brunswick, the form in which the family "have 
borne it for centuries." Such armorial decorations were always 
highly valued, and indicate the honor in which the family or 
race were held. 

JOHN. This was the name of the first one of the family in 
America. He was born at Newcastle on the Tyne, in 1697, and 
was the son of Burkard, and grandson of John of Jarrow. He 
is said, by one authority, to have probably begun " to live in 
Boston as early as 1635, and in 1637 was assigned sixteen acres 
of land at Muddy River (Brookline.)"* "The New York 
Crams ' ' states that ' ' he and his wife Esther came to Boston in 
1635," and Savage, another authority, is said to have given 1637 
as the time of his arrival there. But Major General T. J. 
Cram, U. S. A., December 24, 1874, wrote, "I have examined 
every page of the ' Records of the Governor and Company of 
Massachusetts Bay,' and the name of John Cram nowhere ap- 
pears. If he had ever been in Boston it is certain that his 
name would somewhere be seen." But "John Cram's name 
never appears, and to my mind, it is clear that he never was in 
Boston, but that he came first to Exeter, where he was one of 
'Wheelwright's Combination.'' 

The Provincial Papers of New Hampshire lend color to this 
opinion of Major General Cram.t For the name of John 
Cram is seen on several petitions and other papers connecte 
with Exeter. Exeter History states that "he had wife an 
two or more children when he came to Exeter." His s 
Joseph, supposed to be the oldest, was drowned June 24, 1648, 

* Bell's History of Exeter, p. 24. t Bouton I, pp. 135- US, * '79- 


aged 15 years; and his daughter Lydia was born July 27, of 
the same year. He served as townsman 1648 and 1649, and 
soon after removed to Hampton, and there died, March 5, 
1 68 1 -2. The town record commemorates him as " good old 
John Cram, one just in his generation." He was twice married, 
his first wife being named Lydia ; his second, Esther. The 
latter died May 17, 1677. They had four children. 

1. Benjamin, who married Argentine Cromwell, a relative of 
old Oliver, Protector. 

2. Thomas, who was a soldier in the Narragansett, or King 
Philip's war, which ended in 1676. He married Elizabeth, 
daughter of Nathaniel Weare, a member of the Governor's 
Council, and one of the most distinguished men connected 
with the early history of New Hampshire. 

3. Mary, who married Abraham Tilton. (of Bow?) 

4. Lydia, of whom there is no record, save her birth in 1648. 
John Cram and his wife were both members of the Hampton 

church. It is said that ' ' no Crams have been found in America 
whose ancestry could not be traced back to him." 

JOHN CRAM, grandson of the fore-named, was the first 
settler of both Salem-Canada and I/yndeborough. It is true 
that the territory included under both these names is not exactly 
the same. Salem-Canada included all the territory now in 
Lyudeborough, and much more. But the property of John 
Cram was in both the old grant issued by the General Court of 
Massachusetts, and also in that covered by the charter of the 
Masonian Proprietors, which was later confirmed by the Pro- 
vincial Charter, under Governor Benning Wentworth. Because 
of his priority of settlement and the influence of his many 
descendants, it seems proper to extend somewhat our notice of 
his life. 

John Cram, the pioneer in this town, was born in Hampton 
Falls, January 12, 1685. He was the son of Thomas Cram and 
Elizabeth, the daughter of Hon. Nathaniel Weare, later Chief 
Justice of the Province. Thomas Cram, the father of our 
townsman, had been a soldier in the Narragansett, or King 
Philip's War, and in 1738, was one of the selectmen of Hamp- 
ton Falls.* In 1749, we find his name, or possibly his son's, 
attached to a petition to the governor, for a grant of land for a 
township. Connected, thus, with prominent families, both 

*.State Papers, XII, pp. 131, 136, 137. 


through the Weares and the Crams, the early advantages and 
social standing of John were doubtless of the very best. This 
is believed to be implied by the respectful terms in which he is 
mentioned in the earliest Proprietors' Records of Salem-Canada, 
as well as by the various responsibilities devolved upon him by 
the primitive settlers of the town. The esteem in which he 
was held in his native place was, doubtless, undiminished by 
his marriage in 1707, to Sarah, daughter of Henry Holt, of 
Andover, Mass. The next year after his marriage, we find 
him performing military duty at Fort William and Mary, in 
which year, also, Jonathan, his eldest son, was born.* It is 
of some importance to note this fact ; for at a later day, both 
father and son served in the French and Indian War, after they 
had become citizens of Salem-Canada. 

Among the names on the schedule attached to the royal 
charter of the town of Chester, granted in 1722, is found that 
of John Cram.t The list of the proprietors of Chichester 
whose charter bears date of 1727, also contains the names of 
Thomas, John and Benjamin Cram. Such a recurrence of his 
name indicates that John Cram must have possessed some 
pecuniary resources ; that he was something more than an 
ordinary settler. His large family, well situated and well con- 
nected matrimonially, must have added somewhat to his influ- 
ence and to the esteem in which he was held by his fellow- 
citizens in Salem-Canada. 

He settled first, after his marriage, in his native town, 
Hampton Falls. There three of his children were born. He 
and his wife were dismissed from the church at Hampton Falls, 
April 13, 1712. He was settled in Woburn, Mass., in 1713, 
and there all his remaining children were born. Among these 
were two sets of twins, his daughters, Sarah and Elizabeth, 
constituting one set, and his sons, EH and Benjamin, the other. 

May 16, 1727, he sold his Woburn property to Benjamin 
Abbott, and removed to Wilmington, Mass. He united with 
the church in Wilmington, October 24, 1733.$ On May 11, 
1737, he sold one-half of his farm to his son Jonathan, and 
settled in Salem-Canada, New Hampshire. 

In the sketch of Lyndeborough by Mr. David C. Grant is 
the statement : 

" The first settlers in what is now Lyndeborough were Cram, Putnam 

*Prov. Papers, XII, p. 112. t Batch. XXIV, p. 568. \ Wilmington Church Record. 


and Chamberlain, descendants of whom now reside in town. But the 
first settler in Sal em-Canada (now Wilton) was John Badger." 

It would be more exact to say that the first settlers in Salem- 
Canada, the greater part of which is included in L,yndeborough, 
were Cram, Putnam and Chamberlain. But the first settler in 
that part of it which is included in Wilton was John Badger. 

The latter statement is believed to be correct, and leaves 
little room for any misunderstanding. That there was a fort, 
also, in old Salem-Canada can hardly be counted a matter of 
doubt, though it is very doubtful whether it was built pre- 
vious to 1740, the year of Badger's decease. 

There seems conclusive evidence that John Cram established 
a permanent residence here in 1737, when his youngest chil- 
dren were about sixteen years of age. His twin daughters, 
Sarah and Elizabeth, were about eighteen years of age. The 
former married Kphraim Putnam, who was for a time ' ' com- 
mander of the fort or blockhouse ; ' ' and was prominent in 
Revolutionary movements ; the latter married Jonathan Cham- 
berlain, who, with his son, Jonathan "marched from L,ynde- 
borough for Ticouderoga, on July i, 1777, in Capt. Peter 
Clark's Co. of militia." * Not only were there grown-up 
sons and daughters, but there were grandchildren when he 
came into this town, although he preceded them by three years 
or more as a resident. 

Some of the first work in clearing roads and building the 
meeting-house was done by Mr. John Cram and his oxen. The 
first proprietors, most of whom dwelt in Salem, Mass., and in 
adjoining towns, began in 1738 to bargain with him about 
building a saw mill, and he engaged with them to build it. He 
fulfilled his agreement apparently to the satisfaction of the pro- 
prietors, and received No. 39, the mill lot, containing 130 acres, 
situated west of the village of South L,yndeborough, for the 
service. Until that date, 1740, the dwellings were log cabins, 
and were not numerous. 

The saw-mills of Nathaniel Putnam and John Cram now 
began their operations, and prepared the boards and smaller 
timbers needed for the framed houses. In a very few years, 
however, the work of the settlers was interrupted by the French 
and Indian War, also known as Qneen Anne's War. In this 
war both John Cram and his son Jonathan bore a part. The 
father must at that time have been about sixty years of age. 

* Chamberlain Family, p. 12. 


According to records preserved in the family of Mr. Andrew 
Harwood, but now lost, " Sarah the wife of John Cram died in 
Sept. or October 1757, between seventy and eighty years of age ; 
and John Cram died in Amherst in 1759.* Thus ended an ac- 
tive, honored, prosperous and useful life. 

JAMES S. CRAM was a great-grandson of Mr. John Cram, 
the earliet settler of the town. He lived on what is now known 
as the Rose place, situated on what was then the thoroughfare 
between Amherst and Greenfield, and the Asheulot townships. 
Amherst was the seat of " The Aurean Academy," which 
James S. had the privilege of attending. His manuscript book, 
which bears date of 1795, is quite a marvel of neat penmanship 
for those days. It is devoted entirely to mathematics. The 
subjects of which he treated were often printed with his pen in 
ornamental letters, like Old English or German text, or some- 
times in neat, round English script of the writing-master. His 
skill in mathematics led many people to seek his aid in the solu- 
tion of difficult problems, which presented little difficulty to him, 
and were easily mastered. His manuscript book begins with 
involution and evolution, passes on to progressions, to plane and 
solid geometry, mensuration of plane surfaces and solids, sur- 
veying and trigonometry. His figures, geometrical drawings, 
and pen and ink sketches of hills, towers or steeples show the 
talent of an expert. 

He spent some time as a teacher in his native town, and com- 
piled a "First Spelling Book, Designed as an Introduction to 
Other Spelling Books." It was printed at Concord by Hoag & 
Atwood, 1831. He stated in the preface that his main object in 
compiling it was ' ' to assist young children in acquiring a thor- 
ough knowledge of monosyllables, which would greatly facilitate 
their progress in the larger Spelling Book." 

He also cultivated a taste for music, and taught singing 
schools. The works of the old composers and masters were 
among his treasures. A copy of the "Grand Hallelujah 
Chorus " in Handel's " Messiah," is well preserved, within the 
covers of his singing book, " The Rural Harmony," which he 
used in his singing schools. This book was printed by Isaiah 
Thomas and Ebenezer T. Andrews in Boston, 1793- For other 
facts see Genealogies. 

*Rev. F. G. Clark, letter to D. C. Grant. 


MR. AND MRS. DAVID GAGE. David Gage, a native of 
Merrimack, N. H., at one time taught the village school in 
South I/yndeborough, where he became acquainted with Miss 
Betsey Putnam, also a teacher, whom he afterwards married. 
She was the daughter of Squire Daniel Putnam, and became 
Mrs. Gage, Aug. 12, 1823. After their marriage they set out 
for their chosen work as teachers among the Cherokee and 
Chocktaw Indians, under appointment as missionaries of the 
American Board. They traveled with their own horse and car- 
riage, going from eighteen to thirty-four miles a day, and had a 
pleasant and prosperous journey across parts of seven states. 

After teaching a short time near Knoxville, Tenn., Mr. Gage 
went south into Wayne Co., Miss., and took charge of both the 
literary and industrial departments of the mission school, at the 
Choctaw Agency. In 1826, he had in his school sixteen boys, 
iwo girls, who boarded in the family, and three others, who 
boarded at their homes. His dwelling was of the primitive 
kind, sixteen by eighteen feet, built of logs, and the chimney of 

In the summer of 1828 he spent much of his vacation in travel, 
and at one of the meetings which they rode about sixty miles to 
attend, there were five or six hundred natives present and sev- 
enteen or eighteen missionaries. Two hundred and sixty-six 
natives came forward and expressed a determination to seek the 
salvation of their souls. The meeting continued from Thursday 
till Monday. Many natives had not provision for so long a stay, 
and prompted by hunger, were preparing to start for home on 
Sunday. The missionaries and professing Christians were anx- 
ious that they should remain. One Choctaw man arose and 
said that ' ' he had nothing to eat he was hungry, and sup- 
posed the rest were ; but what of that ? We shall not starve to 
death in three days. We now have the means of grace, and if 
we can get to Heaven, it would be good for us to stay here till 
our flesh dried on our bones." 

Mr. Gage continued his labors among the" Indians until they 
were removed by the government west of the Mississippi River. 
He died Oct. 3, 1841, and was buried near I/ivingston, Sumter 
County, Alabama. His devoted wife, with her four little chil- 
dren, returned to I/yndeborough in June, 1842. They em- 
barked on a sailing vessel from Mobile, Ala., and came to New 
York, and thence by Sound boat to New London, Conn., thence 


by railroad to Worcester, Mass., and so on to Nashua, and her 
former home. 

CALEB HOUSTON.!- W. H. Grant, Esq., wrote to his 
brother, David C., in April, 1889, giving interesting items 
gleaned from Farmer & Moore's Gazeeter of New Hampshire, 
published in 1823, concerning Caleb Huston, or Houston, as 
the name is frequently written, a native of Lyndeborough, who 
was graduated at Williams College in 1812, and was probably 
the first college graduate of this town. 

Later Mr. Grant wrote that Caleb Houston died at Columbus, 
Ohio, about 1850. He was elected one of the councilmen on 
the organization of the Borough of Columbus, in 1816. In 1819 
he with two others erected a saw-mill upon a new patent plan. 
' The saw was circular, and was to cut constantly ahead, with 
no back strokes." The historian (of Columbus) says: " it was 
an experiment, and cost them a good deal without answering 
any valuable purpose." 

Mr. Grant thought, however, that Caleb Houston's " was the 
first circular saw ever used for saw-mill purposes." 

CAPT. JONAS KIDDER. Captain Jonas Kidder, the son 
of Joseph and Hannah (Proctor) Kidder was born in Hudson, 
N. H., Nov. 1 6, 1743. He was a farmer, and came to Lynde- 
borough in 1766, and settled on Second Division lot 105, east 
of Esq. Andrew Fuller's place. When the Revolutionary War 
broke out, Mr. Fuller and he united in hiring Mr. Samuel 
Butterfield to enlist in Capt. Barren's company, raised for ser- 
vice in Canada, but performing its chief service at Fort Ticon- 
deroga in 1776. His military record will be found on page 190 

In 1780 it was known that the British forces were unusually 
active, and the object of their activity was strongly suspected, 
although the extent and venality of their purposes were for the 
time unsurmised. The capture of Major Andr6 at Tarrytown, 
with the documents found in his possession betrayed the full 
scope of their atrocious plot. The treachery and corruption of 
Arnold were thus revealed, and the whole deeply planned 
scheme to get possession of West Point, the American strong- 
hold on the Hudson, burst upon Washington and his associates 
like the terrifying shock of an earthquake. The patriots 
had divined the drift of their enemies' activities. They were 

tCaleb Houston was town clerk of I,yndeborough in 1807. He was a good penman and 
evidently a man of more than ordinary ability. 


alert and were making extraordinary efforts to reinforce and 
strengthen the garrison at West Point. The men who could 
be spared elsewhere were hastened thither. Bounties were 
liberally paid to able bodied men who would enlist, and several 
from L,yndeborough were among the forces which were sent for- 
ward. These efforts were timely, and proved of great service to 
the patriot cause. 

Captain Kidder was on duty there in those stirring times. It 
is stated that he was entrusted with the important service of 
guarding the spy, Major Andre, the night before his execution. 
The list of Captain Kidder's company, together with their 
places of residence is found in the N. H. Revolutionary Rolls, 
Vol. 3, pp. 161, 162. The I<yndeborough men who were with 
him were : 

Samuel Houston, sergeant Edward Bevins 

Jacob Button, fifer Willard Lund 

John Punchard, drummer Simeon Fletcher 

Daniel Cram Stephen Richardson 

Edward Spaulding Amos Manuel 

His company was stationed at Camp Highlands, Sept. 27, 

In 1781 and 1782 Jonas Kidder was serving his town in a 
civil capacity as one of her selectmen, associated with his 
brother-in-law, Ephraim Putnam, in that office. His petition, 
in company with three other captains, recorded on pages 190 
and 191, indicates the deplorable poverty of our state treasury 
at that time, 1781. It was powerless to relieve the distresses of 
the men who had rendered heroic service on many hard fought 
fields, by paying them their overdue wages. Their hardships 
were not ended when the din of warfare was hushed. They 
were sufferers, not only on the tented fields, but also after their 
return home. Honored be their memory forever ! 

Jonas Kidder was about forty years of age when the Revolu- 
tionary War closed, and probably did not receive a pension till 
about eighty years old. There is a story current that while 
living up on the side of the mountain, and attending to his 
ordinary farm work, he learned from some younger neighbor, 
unacquainted with Jonas' history, that the survivors of the Revo- 
lutionary War were now receiving pensions, and responded, 
that " perhaps then he should get something." "You," said 
his informer, "what did you do?" He answered modestly, 
" I was in that war, and was captain for a while." 


He went to his old papers and after some fumbling of them 
found his discharge from the service duly filled out. He drew 
a pension which aided in supporting him in his old age. 

Captain Kidder was thrice married, first, to Huldah, daughter 
of Ephraim and Sarah (Cram) Putnam, Nov. 26, 1768; second, 
to Mrs. Alice, (widow of Nathan) Barren, and daughter of 
Amos Taylor, May 20, 1779 ; and third, to Mrs. Abigail (Carle- 
ton) (Johnson) (Putnam), sister of Osgood, Jeremiah etc., and 
widow of John Johnson, who perished in the Revolutionary 
War, and afterwards widow of Ensign David Putnam. She 
survived her third husband, who is said to have been 84 years 
of age when he married her, July 5, 1827, while she was 74. 

Captain Kidder died in his native town of Hudson, at the 
home of his daughter, Hannah, who became Mrs. Levi Cross of 
that town. (For further information see Genealogies.) 

CAPTAIN WILLIAM LEE. A somewhat appreciative 
notice of William Lee, in the History of Francestown, page 
795, states that he settled in that town in 1771, and lived in the 
southeast part of it where he cleared and settled the place after- 
wards occupied by Daniel Clark, and was a man of some promi- 
nence, being one of the board of selectmen in 1773. It further 
credits him with Revolutionary service for both Francestown 
and Lyndeborough, and appears to cast doubt on his right to 
the title of captain, on the ground that though he was some- 
times called so, the pay-roll calls him " Ensign William Lee." 
Such is the substance of the brief notice of him above re- 
ferred to. 

Our Lyndeborough annals have no record of the time or 
place of his birth ; and we cannot quite see how he could settle 
in Francestown in 1771, which was not incorporated till 1772. 

Apart from the above-mentioned statement, we have found 
nothing to show that he served for Francestown in the Revo- 
lutionary War. 

We will, however, state upon credible authority, which we 
shall give, some facts which we have found on record, in rela- 
tion to Captain William Lee. 

The Revolutionary Rolls credit his service constantly to 
Lyndeborough. From here, four days after the Lexington and 
Concord fight, he enlisted in the company of Capt. Levi Spauld- 
ing. His name was number 4 on the pay-roll, with the rank of 
sergeant. He was, therefore, with Capt. Spauldiog and his 


company, at Bunker Hill. His term of service then was three 
months and sixteen days. The Lyndeborough record gives 
him as one of the men who went from Winter Hill to Canada 
in 1776, and returned to Trenton. He seems to have spent 
Christmas of that year somewhere near the camp of the Hes- 
sians. On the 7th of November just before, he was commis- 
sioned 2nd lieutenant in the First Battalion of New Hampshire 
troops in the Continental Service. 

In the town records he is called Ensign William Lee. He re- 
signed his commission as 2nd Lieutenant or Ensign on January 
10, 1778, and on the 7th of the following August, had the rank 
of captain, and commanded a company in Col. Moses Nichols' 
regiment, in the Expedition to Rhode Island. That expedi- 
tion was in service only 24 days. But the Lyndeborough men 
who were in his company were among those of highest stand- 
ing in the town, indicating that William Lee was no ordinary 

The late Mr. David C. Grant gave correctly the portion of 
the town in which Captain Lee lived. This portion was at a 
later day taken from Lyndeborough to constitute the town of 
Greenfield. In that part of the town, one of the small streams 
which flows into Rocky River, still bears the name of "The 
Lee Brook." 

Captain Lee seems to have left our town soon after the close 
of the Revolutionary War ; and is reported to have settled in 
Weston, Vermont. Some of his descendants returned to New 
Hampshire, and lived in Hancock. According to the Hancock 
History, Vol. II, p. 738, note, three of his grandsons were 
Union soldiers in our Civil War. One of these, Charles Henry 
Lee, married Eliza Josephine Newell, who was born in Lynde- 
borough, November 24, 1850, daughter of John Newell, form- 
erly a miller in Lyndeborough. 


Capt. William Lee Andrew Fuller 
Qr. Mr. Sergt. Adam Johnson Edward Bevins 

Sergt. Samuel Hutchinson Francis Epps 

Corp. Robert Badger Daniel Gould 

Jonas Kidder Jesse Lund 

John Kidder Aaron Putnam 

Aaron Lewis Nicholas Beasom 

Daniel Cram Timothy Pearson 

Reuben Spaulding Nathan Pearson 


PUTNAM. The earliest ancestor of the Putnam family in 
America was John Putnam of Aston Abbotts, Co. Bucks, 
England, and of Salem, Mass., in New England, 1634. The 
stock from which he sprang is said to have entered Britain at 
the time of the Norman Conquest, about 1066.* Mr. Eben 
Putnam of Salem, the author of an extended history of the 
distinguished family, thinks that it contained a mixture of 
Danish, Saxon and Celtic blood, with a predominance of the 
Danish. At the time of John Putnam's arrival in the Bay 
State, 1635, Mrs. Hutchinson, John Wheelwright, and their 
sympathizers, as well as Roger Williams and certain others, 
were making matters quite lively for the Boston hierarchy. 
His arrival was probably too recent to admit of very active 
participation on either side. But he is reputed to have been 
"a man of energy and great natural powers." He was "a 
farmer and exeedingly well off for the times. He wrote a fair 
hand, as deeds on record show." He died in that part of 
Salem, Mass., which is now Danvers, December 30, 1662. He 
had three sons, who came with him to America : i. THOMAS, 
grandsire of General Israel, famous in the Revolution. 2. 
NATHANIEL, baptized at Aston Abbott's, n Oct., 1619, died at 
Salem Village, 23 July, 1700. 3. JOHN, baptized at Aston 
Abbott's, Eng., 27 May, 1727; died at Salem Village, 7 April, 
1710. The Putnam family besides its antiquity was among the 
titled and landed gentry of the English realm, and had its 
recognized coat of arms and crest. John is believed to have 
been the progenitor of all the Putnams of America. 

<( In a manuscript dated 1733, Edward Putnam," one of his 
grandsons, "then 79 years of age, wrote the following con- 
cerning the family : " 

" From the three brothers proceeded twelve males; from those twelve, 
forty males ; from those forty, eight-two males. In respect to their 
situation in life. I can say with the Psalmist, ' I have been young a 
now am old ; yet have I not seen the righteous forsaken, nor their s 
begging bread,' except of God who provides for all ; for God hath giv 
to the generation of my fathers Agur's portion, neither povert 
riches, but fed them with food convenient for them, and their 
have been able to help others in their need." 

The Hon. Perley Putnam of Salem, Mass., having for many 
years collected material for a history of the Putnam family, is 
said to have stated, "that he had discovered no Putnam 

* History of Putnam Family. 


country that was not descended from (John i) and one of his 
three sons. 

NATHANIEL PUTNAM. Nathaniel, the second son of 
John, was the ancestor of the Putnams of Salem-Canada. 
These were also descended from his youngest son, Benjamin, 
and his grandson, Nathaniel. The line of descent, therefore, 
of our townsmen is, first, John ; then, Nathaniel, Benjamin, 
Nathaniel. The last named is the first to be noted in the Pro- 
prietors' Records of Salem-Canada. 

Nathaniel Putnam of the fourth generation, great grandson 
of John, was one of the early proprietors of Salem-Canada. 
At the drawing of Second Division Lots, of 130 acres each, on 
the 21 of June, 1737, Deacon Nathaniel Putnam drew on the 
right of Capt. Samuel King, being home lot No. 5, the two 
second division lots numbered 5 and 80. He seems to have 
purchased the full right of Capt. King, and was afterwards an 
active participant in the interests of the town for more than 
twelve years. By the formation of township No. 2, he, with 
his sons, were made citizens of that town. " Only a few of 
the proprietors, or stockholders, settled in Salem-Canada," 
wrote Rev. F. G. Clark, " but they were interested in the pros- 
perity of the town, and voted money freely for a meeting-house, 
support of preaching, and building of roads." " Deacon 
Nathaniel Putnam, Joseph Richardson, Edward Hardy, and 
Timothy Cummings were the only original proprietors, so far 
as can be found, who made homes for themselves in the town." 
He built the first saw-mill in the old town of Salem-Canada, in 
1739. This was a great convenience at the time, and he re- 
ceived a consideration of ten pounds in view of it, for which an 
order was given him, September 15, 1741. One of the earliest 
roads in the town was, also, laid out from the saw-mill of Dea. 
Nathaniel Putnam to the meeting-house. Traces of this old 
road are still discoverable in the southern part of L/yndeborough 
and across the line into Wilton. The mill stood on the stream 
which forms Barnes', or later Gaerwen's Falls, and was situated 
a little above the falls. The Putnams, Dales and others, who, 
at a later day, were set off into township No. 2, were promi- 
nent helpers in building the first meeting-house in the old town. 
Indications are not wanting to show that these interested and 
worthy citizens of the old town were coerced into signing the 
the petition for the formation of the new township No. 2. They 



were highly prized neighbors always, and had many interests 
in common with their former townsmen. Nathaniel Putnam 
was advanced in years when the new town was constituted, in 
1749. He was born in Salem, August 25, 1685. He married 
Hannah Roberts, June 4, 1709, and died October 21, 1754. He 
was buried in Danvers, Mass. His posterity in the male line 
consisted of four sons, viz. : Jacob, Archelaus, Ephraim, and 

EPHRAIM PUTNAM, Ephraim Putnam was the third 
son of the above-named Nathaniel, and came to Salem-Canada 
with his father and brothers. He was of the fifth generation 
from the immigrant John, and was born in Salem Village, 
February 10, 1719. He died in L,yndeborough, November 13, 
1777, at the age of 58 years, after an active and useful life. 

He married Sarah, a twin daughter of John Cram, the first 
settler in Salem-Canada. She was born in Woburn, Mass., 
June 27, 1719, and came with her father into the new settlement. 
She died October 14, 1777,, aged 58 years. 

Ephraim Putnam and wife settled on second division lot No. 
5, near his brother, Jacob, not far from the intersection of the 
roads near the north cemetery in Wilton. He remained with 
his father some time ; but took a deed of the home farm of 
John Cram, his father-in-law, February 23, 1753. According to 
Rev. Frank G. Clark, the first meeting in the interests of a 
settled ministry "was held at the house of Ephraim Putnam, 
September 3, 1756.*" "The home of Deacon Ephraim was 
destroyed by fire a short time after his death, and at that time 
the family records were destroyed. One of his sons then oc- 
cupied the house. The children (born in town) were all bap- 
tized by Rev. Mr. Wilkins, of Amherst, and births recorded by 
Jacob Wellrnan, society clerk. "t 

The traditions of Indian incursions in this town seems to be 
treated by Rev. Mr. Clark with too little credit. True, none of 
our inhabitants, so far as known, perished by the hands of the 
red men. But it is a matter of history and of fact, that a gar- 
rison was built in the town by order of Major Lovewell, a 
brother of John of the " Pigwacket fight." This fort was 
standing at the time of the French and Indian war, in 1744- 
Not only was there a fort here, but John Cram, who in 1708, 

* See pp. 278-279. T Hy. of Put. Fam. Ft. IV, p. 203. 


did fort duty at Fort William and Mary, for a time, had com- 
mand of it. (See p. 521.) 

Sarah, the wife of Ephraim Putnam, is reported on one occa- 
sion to have shown remarkable courage and strategy in holding 
the fort when her husband was absent. The enemy were 
stealthily approaching but were betrayed by the dogs, which 
always barked more furiously on scenting the Indians. The 
single guard in charge was too timorous to be of much service. 
But Sarah was cool, and ordered the men (as though present) 
to their posts, at different stations. The man and her own boy, 
also, answered in changed tones from, different points, and then 
all was quiet. This gave the enemy the impression that the 
fort had more defenders than they knew, and prevented an 
attack. After peace came about, the Indians said that at that 
time they thought they were able to capture the fort, but were 
surprised that so many men could have gotten there without 
their knowledge, and gave up their design, for fear of being 
defeated. They said, also, that at other times they could have 
captured the commander, but they refrained, thinking they 
would capture the whole force together. 

An Indian told that once when the commander turned his 
horse into the pasture, he lay so near the bars that the horse 
could have stepped on him. But he did not want to kill the 
white man then, because they had planned to take the garrison 
and kill them all at one time. 

Ephraim Putnam was one of the original signers of the peti- 
tion for the incorporation of the town under the royal charter, 
which was granted April 23, 1764. At the first legal town 
meeting, he and Jacob Wellman, one of the proprietors of the 
town, were elected tything men. The following year he was 
chosen town treasurer, an office to which he was elected nine 
years in succession. The stormy times of the Revolution were 
then coming on, and at the town meeting, October 31, 1774, 
it was voted, " To purchase a town stock of powder, balls, and 
flints," which was to consist of "One barrel of powder, one- 
hundred weight of lead, and five dozen flints;" and Deacon 
Ephraim Putnam was chosen ' ' a committee to provide the 
above said stock." 

He bore a very active part in the Revolution. In the Revo- 
lutionary records of the town it is stated that in 1776, " Deacon 
Ephraim Putnam and son Ephraim did a whole turn ; they 
hired Nathaniel Bachelor." 


The farm on which he lived was a part of second division 
lot No. 41. But he had also a deed from Benjamin L,ynde, Jr., 
Esq., of second division lot No. 44, which was burned with his 
dwelling. These were the lots from which the original owners, 
L,ynde and Cram, gave the spacious grounds for the first 
meeting-house, which at that time was built near the middle 
of the township of Salem-Canada. 

When the first meeting-house grounds were given up, they 
reverted to the possession of the original owner, then Deacon 
Ephraim Putnam. His son Ephraim seems to have succeeded 
him in occupying that part of the farm including lot No. 44 ; 
he was known while his father lived as Ephraim Putnam, Jr., 
and afterwards as Ephraim Putnam. 

EPHRAIM PUTNAM, JR. Ephraim Putnam, Jr., was the 
son of Deacon Ephraim, and was himself a deacon. He was 
born in Dauvers, Mass., June 15, 1744. He married I^ucy 
Spaulding, who was probably a sister of Capt. L,evi Spaulding, 
and nearly the same age. He seems to have been a man of 
unusual influence in his day. (For his public services see pp. 
J 96, 257, 258, 260.) He had three sons who lived in what is 
now South Lyndeborough village. The places where these 
sons lived are well known. But where he fixed his own dwell- 
ing seems now to be a matter of conjecture. The likeliest 
place is that, at present, the old dwelling which was afterwards 
remodeled by another Ephraim Putnam into the tavern, now 
the commodious residence of Capt. Andy Holt. He was sealer 
of lumber for many years, an office which implied that he was 
either a manufacturer of it or had some practical knowledge of 
the quality and worth of it. The lumber and shingle mill, now 
the property of Mr. E. H. Putnam must have served to make 
lumber in his day, and may have been built by either him or 
his father. It was owned a few years after his death by his 
brother, Ensign David. His death occurred March 2, 1799. 
For his children see Genealogies. 

EPHRAIM PUTNAM, THIRD. Ephraim Putnam, Third, 
had his home on the grounds now occupied by Mr. W. P. 
Steele. (Seep. 503.) He was the father of the better-known 
Capt. Eleazer. He received the rather ironical title of General 
Putnam when a boy, as is narrated on this wise. Having seen 
some tracks in the snow which he thought were bear tracks, he 


hastened home and informed his father. The neighbors were 
roused, and all prepared for a bear hunt. They found the tracks 
to be only crow tracks. Whether piqued or amused at the false 
alarm, his father said when he met him, " Why, General Put- 
nam, not to know crow tracks from a bear's ! " From that day 
on, he was called " General Putnam." 

None of his children lived to mature age, save Capt. Eleazar. 
For his record see sketch of the Lafayette Artillery Company. 

DANIEL PUTNAN, ESQ. Daniel Putnam was the son of 
Ephraim Putnam and Lucy Spaulding, and was born September 
3, 1770. He married Hannah Johnson, one of the family 
which gave name to Johnson Corner. In the record of the 
town meeting for March, 1798, we find Daniel Putnam chosen 
sealer of lumber, an office held by his father for many years 
previous, and one to which he himself was chosen, till he com- 
pleted a service of thirty years. In 1804, he is styled Lt. 
Daniel Putnam, and from 1806 on is frequently called Capt. 
Daniel Putnam, (see History pages 219 and 220). Later in 
life he was designated as Squire Daniel, or Daniel Putnam, Esq. 

He must have been very popular, for he was chosen Repre- 
sentative to the General Court twelve times in succession, from 
1805 to 1816, and once again in 1820. He supplied Col. Perley 
Putnam with much information, and wrote concerning the 
family in this town : 

"There are living in the town of Lyndeborough twenty-six male 
descendants of Ephraim Putnam, including his son Aaron. Up to the 
present date (1834) there have been three Deacon Putnams, and six 
Capt. Putnams in L,jndeborough."* 

Daniel Putnam owned a saw-mill, undoubtedly that which 
now belongs to Mr. E. H. Putnam. He was a carpenter by 
trade and his assistance and advice were sought in the repair- 
ing and erecting of public buildings in the town. He was 
prominent in the Universalist movement and purposed erecting 
a parsonage for the accommodation of the Universalist minister, 
Mr. Hussey. The lot on which he set out to build was after- 
wards sold to his grandsons, Charles and William Richardson, 
who erected on it the house in which Mrs. Clough of Lynn, 
Mass., has now a summer home. 

Daniel Putnam, Esq., departed this life in December, twelfth 
day, 1841, aged 71 years. His wife Hannah passed away in 
1872, aged 96 years. For his children, see Genealogies. 

* See Putnam Family, part IV, p. 204. 


JOHN PUTNAM, son of Ephraim and Lucy (Spaulding) 
Putnam, lived with his sister Betsey, on the ground now oc- 
cupied by the house of Mr. Walter Tarbell. Solomon Cram, 
who built the blacksmith shop in the village, was their nephew, 
and took care of them in their last days, and received their 
estate in reward for his services. John Putnam seems to have 
owned the land which is now the property of Mr. Joseph A. 
Johnson, south of the road, as well as Mr. Tarbell's lot. (See 

P- 505-) 

Of the daughter Esther, we have but the record of her birth. 

But Sarah Putnam, daughter of Ephraim and Lucy (Spauld- 
ing) Putnam, married David Cram, Jr., and they removed to 
the state of Vermont. Solomon, above-named, was their son. 

CAPTAIN ISRAEL PUTNAM. Captain Israel Putnam 
was the son of Squire Daniel Putnam. (See Genealogies.) 
He owned and operated the saw-mill which now belongs to 
Mr. Edwin H. Putnam. He built an addition to it. (See pp. 
340 and 522.) He served the town three terms as representa- 
tive (See p. 258) and was prominent in middle life, in the 
affairs of the town. He held many important offices, and 
served many years as surveyor of lumber. He had four sons, 
William R., Daniel, Israel and Sumner ; and also four daugh- 
ters, Mary Angeline and Hannah by first wife, and Abby and 
Letitia by the second. Of his sons, two won more than ordi- 
nary distinction ; one in the realm of business, and another in 
literature and pedagogy. Some notices of these follow. 

WILLIAM R. PUTNAM. [The following notice is taken 
from the Woburn News of Dec. 7, 1901.] 

"William R. Putnam, for three score years an honored citizen of 
Woburn, died at his home on Union Street, Monday afternoon, Dec. 2, 
aged 80 years. . . . Mr. Putnam was born in Lyndeborough, N. H., 
in 1821, and was the son of Israel and Ruth Putnam. The public schools 
of his native town furnished educational advantages of a limited extent, 
as, early in life he was forced to begin work. When 21 years of age he 
came to Woburn and secured employment with Mr. Sheffy, then a 
patent leather manufacturer in Wilmington. Later he was similarly 
employed in Newark, N. J., which place was headquarters for this 
branch of industry. After four years in Newark, he was employed two 
years in Philadelphia, where he was superintendent of a patent leather 
factory. He came back to Woburn in 1852 and entered the firm of S. 
O. Pollard & Co., doing business on Easton Avenue. The firm con- 
ducted a lucrative business for 20 years, when Mr. Putnam severed his 
connection and retired from active business. Since theli he has busied 


himself with his real estate business. Mr. Putnam was a member of the 
board of selectmen in 1874-1875, and served on the cemetery committee 
and as superintendent of the cemetery for several years. He might 
have filled public office on many occasions if his inclinations had ac- 
corded with the wishes of his fellow-citizens. He was one of the pioneer 
organizers of the Co-operative Bank and a member of its first board of 
directors. Woburn loses, in his death, one of its most upright citizens, 
a man of quiet, unobtrusive nature, of courtly and kindly manner, and 
of cleanly life. His widow and one granddaughter, Miss Christine 
Kelley, survive him. The funeral was held Thursday, Dec. 5, at 2 p. 
m., from the First church parlor, Rev. Dr. March officiating." 

This record is believed to contain no word of undue praise. 
The Baptist church has several times profited by and rejoiced 
over his generous benefactions. (See p. 350). He made 
valuable personal gifts of books to the L,yndeborough public 
library. (See p. 388.) He invested a very generous sum out 
of the residue of the Jotham Hildreth estate, of which he was 
trustee, the interest of which should be used to assist the 
worthy, unfortunate poor of the town. Such men are truly an 
honor to their native town. 

DANIEL PUTNAM, A.M., LL.D. " Daniel Putnam was 
born in I/yndeborough, January 8, 1824. The early years 
of his life were spent on a farm, in a lumber mill, and in a 
carpenter's shop. His early education was such as a New 
England district school gave at that period. After his tenth or 
twelfth year he attended school only in the winter season. 
This was the only schooling he received until twenty years of 
age. During the latter part of this early period he received 
much advantage from a kind of lyceum, which was organized 
in many of the school districts of the country. In this society 
he gained considerable practice in writing, speaking, and de- 
bating, and cultivated a love for reading. This was his first 
step above the ordinary work of the common district school, 
and opened the way for the broader education and wider 
culture which were gained in later years. 

By manual labor and by teaching school in the winter months 
he earned the means necessary to fit himself for college. His 
preparatory course was taken in an academy at New Hampton, 
N. H. From this place he went to Dartmouth College, from 
which he graduated with the class of 1851. After graduation 
he taught for a time in the school at New Hampton, and later 
for a year in Vermont. 

Professor Putnam came to Michigan in the summer of 1854, 


and held the professorship of the Latin language and literature 
in Kalamazoo College for four or five years. He left the college 
to take charge of the public schools of the city of Kalamazoo. In 
this field of labor he showed good executive ability and skill in 
the work of organization. In 1865 he returned to the college and 
labored two or three years under the direction of Dr. John M. 
Gregory. On the resignation of President Gregory he was act- 
ing executive of the college for one year. In 1867 he was 
elected superintendent of the schools of Kalamazoo county. He 
resigned this position to accept a professorship in the normal 
school, entering upon his duties at the opening of the school 
year, 1868-9. His connection with the school has extended 
over a period of thirty years. During three years he was acting 
principal of the institution. 

Professor Putnam served two years as alderman and two years 
as mayor of the city of Ypsilanti, and has always manifested a 
deep interest in the welfare and prosperity of the community in 
which he has had his home. . . . For more than fifty years 
he has been a member of the Baptist church, and active 
in the work of the denomination. ... As a man, he is 
unassuming and retiring in his character, but positive in his 
opinions and firm in his convictions of duty in all the rela- 
tions of life. As a teacher, he appeals to a student's sense of 
honor, and seeks to develop the higher and nobler elements of his 
character, seeks to make his pupils men and women of the best 
kind, rather than simply scholars and teachers. Many a former 
normal student, now at work in the schools of the state, declares 
that the calm serenity of Professor Putnam's life and character 
goes with him as an inspiration in all his work. His deeds are 
as lighthouses, ' they do not ring bells or fire cannon to call at- 
tention to their shining they just shine.' 

As an indication of the high esteem in which he was held as a 
scholar, he received in 1897, the honorary degree of 1,1,. D. from 
the University of Michigan." (From sketch of his life given by 
a friend in the History of Michigan State Normal School, pp. 

We close this sketch by naming some of his published works : 
' ' Sunbeams through the Clouds ' ' (a little manual for the special 
use of inmates of asylums for the insane), in 1871 ; "A Geog- 
raphy of Michigan," 1877, (published with Colton's geogra- 
phy) ; "A Sketch of Michigan State Teachers' Association," 
1877, (published by the association); " Outline of the Theory 


and Art of Teaching," 1883; "Manual of Pedagogics," 1895; 
" History of the State Normal School," 1899. (For his family 
see Genealogies.) 

REV. JOHN RAND was the pulpit supply of the people of 
L,yndeborough for some months before being invited to become 
their pastor. They gave him the call Sept. 27, 1756, but he did 
not accept it until the next year. The church was organized 
Dec. 5, 1757, with about twenty members, eight of whom were 
males. Two days after the organization of the church, Dec. 7, 
Mr. Rand was ordained to the pastorate of it, as the first Con- 
gregational minister in L,yndeborough. From the proprietors of 
the town he received ^40, as an encouragement to settle among 
the people. This sum was payable in three equal annual instal- 
ments, and beside this an annual salary of .40 was given him, 
and the society were "to provide a certain amount of wood, 
and one shilling each for each soul in town, and to increase the 
number of shillings according to the increase in the number of 

Mr. Rand lived the last part of his pastorate on the place now 
owned by Mrs. Charles R. Boutwell. But his term of service 
was very brief for those days, and after four years and four 
months, April 8, 1762, he was dismissed. Subsequent to his 
leaving L,yndeborough, he lived in Goffstown and Bedford, but 
was never afterward settled as pastor. He was justice of the 
peace under George III. He removed to Bedford in 1778. In 
1783 we find his name in the Town Papers of N. H. as town 
clerk in Bedford, and also one of the selectmen.* 

Of the children of Rev. John Rand one or two facts of interest 
may here be added : 

Nehemiah, who was born May 22, 1776, and died in Newport, 
N. H., January, 1869, married in New Boston, Mary, a lineal 
descendant of Gen. Putnam. They had nine children, two of 
whom, Edgar and Betsey, lived in I,yndeborough, for whom see 
genealogies of Rand and Dutton. 

The daughter, Mary Putnam Rand, was born in New Boston, 
N. H., in 1811. In 1830 she united with the church, graduated 
at the New Hampton Seminary, and was sent to Illinois as a 
teacher, and is said to have been "one of the best known 
women who ever lived in Illinois. She was a Christian lady 
and a renowned educator." She became the wife of the Rev. 
J. G. L,emen, and they were the founders and managers of the 

*Vol. XI., p. 185. 


"Christian Home Orphanage" at Council Bluffs, Iowa, which 
is now conducted by their son, H. R. Icemen.* 

NEHEMIAH RAND, ESQ. Nehemiah Rand was the 
ninth child of Jonathan and Mellecent (Bstabrook) Rand, of 
Charlestown, Massachusetts, and a brother of Rev. John Rand. 
Following his father's occupation, he was a hatter by trade, 
and clearly seems to have been in affluent worldly circum- 
stances. He was a corporal in Brigden's company in 1757. 
On the 4th of April, 1766, he bought a tract of land in Lynde- 
borough, adjoining land owned by his brother. The place 
which he owned is now the property of Mr. William Clark, 
whose wife, Abby Kimball Rand, is a great grandchild of 
Nehemiah Rand, Esq. On this place he built a saw-mill, and 
here, at a later day, he built for himself a home. He was liv- 
ing in his native town when the War of the Revolution broke 
out. When the famous battle of Bunker Hill was fought, he 
owned land on Bunker Hill. Although the Americans made 
a splendid and destructive fight, they were finally driven out of 
their entrenchments and compelled to retreat. The British 
held possession of the battle-ground and their wrath found vent 
in the destruction of the town, which they wantonly burned. 
In the conflagration, Nehemiah Rand's two dwelling-houses 
and hat-shop were destroyed. Then, with his family, he fled 
for refuge to our town in the wilderness, where he had already 
a possession, and where he fixed his permanent home. His 
family consisted of his wife and two daughters, and "a lad 
named Nehemiah Frost, who had lived with him from early 
childhood." He became a prosperous and influential citizen of 
lyyndeborough, held a prominent place among its proprietors, 
was appointed a justice of the peace, and was honored by being 
chosen representative to the Legislature, or General Court of 
the State of New Hampshire for more than a single term. As 
one of the old L,yndeborough proprietors, he was especially 
serviceable to the corporation ; for he was one of the committee 
appointed to sell the common and undivided lands of Lynde- 
borough and Greenfield, to prosecute trespassers and to bring 
the affairs of the old ' ' propriety " to a successful close, and on 
that business was very efficient. He was a member of that 
committee at the time of his death, which occurred July 10, 
1794. He was represented in subsequent meetings of the pro- 

*Lemen Family History. 


prietors by John Shepherd, Esq. , of Amherst, whom he chose 
to be the executor of his last will and testament. 

Nehemiah Rand, Esq., was thrice married. He married 
first, November 24, 1757, Mary Rand, daughter of Samuel and 
Sarah (Carter) Rand, who was born February 26, 1733 ; second, 
May 27, 1774, Mary, daughter of Rev. Thomas Prentice, of 
Charlestown, Mass., and widow of Doctor James Frost of 
Cambridge, Mass., who died July 2, 1770, aged 38. She died 
at Lyndeborough, October 20, 1787, in the 49th year of her 
age; third, was Margaret, daughter of Rev. Thomas Prentice, 
and sister of his second wife, who was married October 21, 
1791. She died at the home of Nehemiah Frost in Temple. 
Five children of Nehemiah Rand, Esq., lived to a mature age ; 
namely, Mary, who married Richard Batten, Jr. ; Elizabeth, 
who married Joseph Epps ; Irene, who married Nehemiah 
Frost ; Nehemiah, who married Sarah Batten ; and Margaret, 
who married Deacon John Clark. For more respecting the 
families see genealogy of each family above mentioned. 

morial," compiled by Rev. Samuel Jones Spalding, who was 
born in I/yndeborough, December n, 1820, furnishes many of 
the facts of the life of Captain L,evi Spaulding. Page 48 of 
that work gives a brief sketch of his life, under number 1043. 
He was born in Nottingham West (now Hudson), N. H., Octo- 
ber 23, 1737, and died in Plainfield, Otsego Co., N. Y., March 
i, 1825. To the latter place he had removed from Lynde- 
borough about the year 1800. He was the son of Edward and 
Elizabeth Spaulding, who came to I^yndeborough in 1766, and 
bought the second division lots numbered 113 and 122. Two 
brothers of Edward are also said to have come to I/yndeborough, 
namely, Reuben and Stephen. "The Spaulding Memorial," 
however, makes no mention of these as citizens of I/ynde- 
borough. It is probable that L,evi came here about the same 
time as his parents ; and very soon after that the town records 
show that he became a prominent citizen. He married first, 
Anna Burns; second, Mrs. L,ois Goodridge, of Lyndeborough, 
December 30, 1778. In 1767, soon after he came into town, he 
was selected as one of a committee of five persons to forward 
the important work of " completing the meeting-house." From 
that time forward, his name frequently occurs in our town rec- 
ords, an evidence of his active interest in town affairs. 


At the breaking out of the Revolutionary War, L,evi Spauld- 
ing recruited a company of sixty men, with whom he marched 
as captain, April 23, 1775, four days after the famous fight and 
flight from Concord and L,exington. Thomas Boffee was his 
2nd lieutenant, William I,ee and James Hutchinson were ser- 
geants, and twenty-three others of his neighbors and fellow- 
townsmen were in the ranks. A list of these is here appended.* 

Corporal Benjamin Dike Nathaniel Batchelder 

Corporal Samuel Hutchinson Phineas Barker 

Fifer Jacob Button Edward Bevins 

James Campbell Joseph Ellinwood 

Nehemiah Hutchinson Samuel McMaster 

John Johnson Andrew Thompson 

Jesse I/und Jacob Wellmant 

John Rowe Elisha Wilkins 

Ephraim Smith Josiah Woodbury 

Isaac Carkin Timothy Mclntire 

David Carltont Daniel Cram 
Ezra Dutton 

Captain Spaulding's company was number three, in the 
Third Regiment of N. H. Troops, commanded by Col. James 
Reed. The adjutant general of New Hampshire, in his report 
for 1866, Vol. 2, page 270, states, that "the New Hampshire 
troops," at Bunker Hill, " took their position at the rail fence, 
betwixt the redoubt and the Mystic River. They immediately 
threw up a sort of breastwork of stone across the beach to the 
river, and continued the rail fence down to this stone wall or 
breastwork. This wall served a most excellent purpose, as the 
sharp-shooters behind it could take the most deadly aim at the 
advancing foe ; and it is a well-established fact that the British 
troops in front of this wall were almost completely annihilated." 

Captain Spaulding's company was under fire in that battle, 
and doubtless had its share of the fatal work there accomplished. 
Two of his men suffered as indicated in the preceding note, suf- 
fusing the soil with their blood. The captain was not only at 
Bunker Hill, but during the following winter went to Canada, 
and according to our town records, " Concluded the Same Back 
to Trenton." Seven of our townsmen accompanied him on that 
expedition, whose names are preserved. He was also " at Val- 
ley Forge during the terrible suffering in the winter of 1777 and 
1778. He was afterwards transferred, and came under the im- 
mediate command of Gen. Washington. He served through the 

*Rev. Rolls I, pp. 87-89. tSee p. 203. JSee p. 177. 


war, and was present at the surrender of L,ord Cornwallis at 
Yorktown. He received an honorable discharge from the War 
Department, and drew a captain's pension as long as he lived."* 

Captain Spaulding's family consisted of six sons and five 
daughters. The names of his children were : Betsey, Olive, 
Edward, George, Martha, Esther, I^evi, John, Sewell, I/ois 
Goodrich and Benjamin Goodrich. 

After the close of the war, he continued to take an active in- 
terest in town matters, and was honored with the various offices 
and responsibilities which his fellow citizens could confer. He 
was representative to the legislature from 1784 to 1786, inclu- 
sive ; and the Journal of the I/egislature and other State papers 
testify to his activity in the heroic days of our country's history, 
and his name holds a most honored place in the annals of our 
town . 

Few, if any, of his descendants now reside in I/yndeborough, 
though most of his children were born here. Edward Spauld- 
ing, his eldest son, was born in L,yndeborough, Nov. 19, 1764, 
and died in Alexander, Genesse Co., N. Y., Sept. 14, 1845. At 
an early day, he removed to Plainfield, Otsego Co., N. Y.; 
thence to Summer Hill, Cayuga Co., N. Y., and thence to 
Alexander, above mentioned, where both he and his wife died. 
He was a farmer. He married Mehitabel, the daughter of 
Rev. Sewall Goodrich of L,yndeborough, Oct. 30, 1788. She 
was born Sept. 25, 1770, and died July 31, 1838. Four of 
their children were born in Lyndeborough. 

EIvBRIDGE GERRY, the youngest, became one of the fam- 
ous men of his time as a lawyer and financier. He was born at 
Summer Hill, Cayuga Co. N. Y., Feb. 24, 1809. He studied 
and practised law at Batavia and Attica. In 1834 he removed 
to Buffalo, and there he was soon chosen to fill important offices. 
In 1847 he was elected mayor of Buffalo. He was elected mem- 
ber of Congress in 1848, and again to the same office in 1858 
and 1860. He served four years on the committee of Ways and 
Means, and was the author of the I^egal Tender Act, passed 
during the days of the Rebellion. 

In a letter addressed to him under date of Aug. 3, 1869, the 
Hon. Charles Sumner wrote, " In all our early financial trials, 
while the war was most menacing, you held a position of great 
trust, giving you opportunity and knowledge. The first you 

*Spaulding Memorial, p. 88. 


used at the time most patriotically, and the second you use now 
(in preparing a financial history of the war) for the instruction of 
the country." 

Mr. Spalding was not only an eminent lawyer, but was also a 
successful banker in Buffalo, who by his talents, industry and 
economy, amassed an ample fortune. 

branch of the Spalding family was the author of the " Spauld- 
ing Memorial." The Rev. Samuel Jones Spalding was the son 
of Abijah Spalding, and was born in Lyndeborough, Dec. n, 
1820. In 1824 his parents removed to Nashua, where he pre- 
pared for college under the instruction of David Crosby, Esq. 
He entered Dartmouth College in 1838, graduating in 1842, and 
entering Andover Theological Seminary that year, graduated in 
1845. He was pastor of the Whitefield Congregational Church 
in Newburyport, Mass., for many years. On leave of absence 
from his people, he was commissioned chaplain of the 48th Mass. 
Regiment, which served under Major General Anger, in the 
Army of the Gulf. This regiment was " at the siege of Port 
Hudson, being actively engaged in the first and second assaults 
on that stronghold, May 27 and June 14, and also in the fight 
at Donaldson ville, July 13. Was mustered out Aug. 30, 1863."* 

Mr. Spalding is a member of ' ' The New England Historic- 
Genealogical Society," and also corresponding member of the 
"State Historical Society of Wisconsin." His life and army 
service are creditable alike to his kindred and his native town. 

Memorial, pp. 457, 458. 





The list of natives of lyyndeborough who became ministers 
here given is in the order arranged by the secretary or librarian 
of The New Hampshire Historical Society, Concord, N. H. 
The record is partly that printed in the pamphlet, "Salem- 
Canada-L,yndeborough, " by Rev. F. G. Clark. 

James Bout well. (See Genealogies.) 

William Thurston Boutwell. (See Genealogies.) 

David Burroughs was born Aug. n, 1810. For a brief sketch 
see page 343. He was the son of Asa and Sarah (Butler) Bur- 

Benjamin Franklin Clark. (See Genealogies and a mention 
of him on page 417.) 

William Clark, '^brother of Benjamin F. (See Genealogies.) 

Frank Gray Clark. (See Genealogies.) 

David P. French, born Feb. i, 1817, was the son of Isaac P. 
and Clarissa (Barnes) French. He became a Baptist, and for 
brief notice of him, see page 343 of this history. He had sev- 
eral pastorates, both in this state and in Illinois, and died in 
Nashville, Illinois, April 29, 1886. 

Kben E. Gardner, born 1807, was brought up from boyhood 
by David Putnam, deacon of the Baptist Church. Mr. Gardner 
is reported to have preached in Trumansburg, N. Y. 

Ethan Allen Hadley was born Nov. 13, 1809. He was the 
son of Joshua an'd Betsey (Williams) Hadley ; preached in 
Jasper, N. Y., and died in Dix, N. Y., Apr. 24, 1867. 

William, son of Ebenezer Hutchinson, was born April 4, 
1794, and died April 20, 1842. He preached in Plainfield, and 
other places in New Hampshire. 

John Jones, son of Joseph and Anna (Richardson) Jones, was 
born September 8, 1812, and was graduated from Dartmouth in 
1834. He taught one year at Gloucester, Mass., and gradu- 
ated at Andover in 1838. He was ordained at Chittenden, Vt., 
July i, 1841, and was pastor till 1844. He was agent of the 


New Hampshire Bible Society from 1844 to 1846 ; teacher at 
Sandusky, O., 1848 to 1852 ; acting pastor at Danville, Ind., 
and Earlville, 111., 1853 to 1855; agent of American Bible Society, 
Illinois, 1855 to 1862. Resided at Meriden, 111., and Colorado 
Springs, where he died in August, 1889. 

James Harvey Merrill, son of Rev. Nathaniel and Elizabeth 
(Carpenter) Merrill, was born October 16, 1814, and died Octo- 
ber 28, 1886. He was pastor at Montague and Andover, Mass. 

Daniel Putnam, A.M., 1,1,. D. Though not an ordained 
minister, he is a sound and acceptable preacher of Christ, and 
frequently assists his ministerial brethren by supplying their 
pulpits for them. (See Biographical Sketches.) 

Samuel Jones Spalding, D.D., born December 11,^1820, long 
a pastor at Newburyport, Mass. Mr. Spalding was chaplain 
in the Civil War, and was the compiler of the History of the 
Spalding Family. He was accounted a very able and excel- 
lent minister. 

Charles Whiting was pastor at Wilton seven years, and died 
at Fayetteville, Vt., May 5, 1855. (See Genealogies.) 

Benjamin Asbury Goodridge was born in lyyndeborough 
October 5, 1857. He fitted for college at Tilton Seminary, and 
graduated at Boston University in 1881. He was ordained and 
settled over the Unitarian Church at Harvard, Mass., also 
served as pastor at Christ Church, Dorchester, Mass., and now 
at Unity Church, Santa Barbara, California. He has taught 
extensively, and was teacher of Greek and Latin at Lassell 
Seminary for two years. He is a great grandson of Rev. 
Sewall Goodridge, the pastor of Lyndeborough Congregational 
Church for about forty years. 

Willard Harvey Perham, son of Harvey and Abby R. (Par- 
ker) Perham, was born September 20, 1867. He studied at the 
Moody Bible Institute, Chicago, about a year, and finished his 
studies at the Northwestern Bible and Missionary Training 
School, Minneapolis, Minnesota, graduating in May, 1905. He 
settled at Auburn, Indiana, where he was ordained September 
i, 1905, and is pastor of the Baptist Church. 

Students for the ministry who died before completing their 
studies : 

Ira Houston Woodward, born June 15, 1811. He was the 
son of Eleazer and Rachel (Houston) Woodward. Both he 
and Benjamin F. Clark went to East Tennessee to some school 


in that state. But Mr. Woodward died in June, 1830, in the 
1 9th year of his age. 

Jason, son of Deacon David and Tryphena (Butler) Putnam, 
was born November 25, 1817. He attended the Hancock 
Academy, where, in April, 1839, he assisted in forming "a 
society for the purpose of establishing a library in connection 
with the lyiterary and Scientific Institution." * He afterwards 
acted as private teacher in Virginia. He was said to be a 
young man of great promise, but died, May 18, 1841, before 
completing his ministerial studies, in the 24th year of his age. 


Physicians who practiced in town and natives of Lynde- 
borough who became physicians are as follows : 

Dr. "Benjamin Jones (See Genealogies) 

Dr. Daniel Wardwell 

Dr. Israel Herrick (See Genealogies) 

Dr. Nathan Jones 

Dr. Moses Atwood (See Genealogies) 

Dr. Aaron H. Atwood (See Genealogies) 

Dr. William A. Jones (See Genealogies) 

Dr. William Butler (See Genealogies) 

Dr. Jacob Butler (See Genealogies) 

Dr. Nehemiah Rand 

Dr. Benjamin F. Hadley 

Dr. Willard Parker (See Genealogies) 

Dr. Charles P. French (See Genealogies) 

Dr. Hervey G. Mclntire (See Genealogies) 

Dr. E. J. Donnell 

Dr. Wm. T. Donnell 

Dr. Alfred F. Holt (See Genealogies) 

Dr. J. Newton Butler (See Genealogies) 

Dr. Stephen W. Goodrich (See Genealogies) 

Dr. J. Milton Rand 

Dr. Henry E. Spalding (See Genealogies) 

Dr. Henry W. Boutwell (See Genealogies) 

Dr. Herbert B. Mclntire (See Genealogies) 

Dr. George B. French 

Dr. George W. Hatch (See Genealogies) 

Dr. Alwyn Rose (See Genealogies) 

Dr. Perry Joslin (See Genealogies) 

Dr. Samuel Joslin (See Genealogies) 

History of Hancock, p. 242. 


We give lists of tradesmen discovered, but feel sure that some 
names have escaped us. No intentional omissions are made. 
But matters very well known in their day seem to need no rec- 
ord, and pass out of the memory of a later generation. Some 
omissions will for such reasons be unavoidable. 


John Johnson James C. Bradford 

John Reynolds John J. Martin 

Jotham Hildreth John M. Emery 

Jotham Hildreth, Jr. Joseph H. Ford 

Ebenezer Pearson 


Capt. Joseph Richardson Albert S. Conant 

Josiah Wheeler Albert Cram 

Daniel Putnam Lorenzo P. Jensen 

Israel Putnam Alfred T. Ford 

Luther Odell Charles L. Clement 

S. S. Cummings George Murch 

John Fletcher Holt Edward D. Smith 

Charles Henry Holt E. K. Warren 

David C. Grant Erwin D. Wilder 
David G. Dickey 


Josiah Abbott (p. 486, No. 21) Bradt Searles 
Jonathan Butler Hazen Morse 

Peabody at N. Lyndeboro Henry Stiles 

Jonathan Thayer George S. Groombridge 

Charles Whitmarsh Ward N. Cheever 

Solomon Cram Herbert A. Cheever 

David Perham W. H. Abbott 

Nelson Kidder George A. I/ong 


It is hardly to be expected that a community like ours should 
produce many authors. The people are mainly farmers. Yet, 
a few of Lyndeborough's children have accomplished some- 
thing, perhaps, worthy of a moment's thought and mention, 
from a literary point of view. 

Rufus Blanchard wrote a "History of the State of Illinois" 
and several other books. (See Genealogies.) 


Sophia (Blanchard) Olson'was the author of pamphlets and 
magazine articles. (See Blanchard Genealogies.) 

The Rev. Frank Gray Clark is the author of a "Historical 
Sermon," preached at Gloucester, Mass., a treatise entitled 
"Congregationalism"; a "Sermon at the Dedication of the 
Congregational Church in Francestown " ; a "Manual of the 
Congregational Church"; and the "Historical Address" at 
the one hundred and fiftieth anniversary of the settlement of 
Ivyndeborough, Sept. 4, 1889. 

James S. Cram, a native of the town published a "Spelling 
Book, Designed as an Introduction to Other Spelling Books." 
It was printed at Concord by Hoag and Atwood, 1831. Mr. 
Cram was also a famous mathematician in his day. See the 
brief biographical sketch elsewhere. 

William Henry Grant was an author of some note among his 
fellow-citizens in St. Paul, Minnesota. He was the compiler of 
"Annals of St. Paul lyodge, No. 3, from January 10, 1856 to 
Sept. 8, 1899." He was also compiler of "The Minnesota 
Society, Sons of the American Revolution, Year Book, 1889- 
1895." A copy of these works presented by him to the library 
of his native town, will hardly fail to be perused with great in- 
terest by persons of a historical bias. 

David Cram Grant seems also worthy of mention. His au- 
thorship is largely limited to his published " Sketch of L,ynde- 
borough," in the History of Hillsborough County. To the 
industry of these brothers in gathering information and collect- 
ing material the history of Lyndeborough is much indebted. 

Daniel Putnam seems among the foremost of our authors. His 
oration at the i5Oth anniversary of his native town is certainly 
no discredit to either the town or her son. For his published 
works see sketch elsewhere. 

Dr. Henry E. Spalding has written numerous articles for 
medical journals. (See Genealogies.) 

Samuel Jones Spalding is the compiler of a portly and well 
wrought history of the " Spalding Family," which has contrib- 
uted something to the aid of the record of the Spalding families 
in his native town. 

William L,ewis Whittemore is the author of many articles 
upon the scientific method in education, or the ' ' New Educa- 
tion." These articles have appeared in current publications of 
the day, in school reports, and in other pamphlets. 


Harry Weston Whittemore published a few years ago an 
unpretentious, but very pleasant and readable little book de- 
scribing an old New England homestead and its neighborhood. 


Our list of graduates is doubtless incomplete. We give the 
names of such as have come to our knowledge, who have re- 
ceived college degrees other than the degree of M.D. 

Caleb Houston, Williams, 1812 

William Clark 

William T. Boutwell, Dartmouth, 1828 

John Jones, Dartmouth, 1834 

James H. Merrill, Dartmouth, 1834 

Benjamin F. Clark, Miami University, 1833 

James Boutwell, Dartmouth, 1836 

Samuel Jones Spalding, Dartmouth, 1838 

Charles Whiting, Dartmouth, 1839 

Daniel Putnam, Dartmouth, 1851 

Frank Gray Clark, Amherst, 1862 

Benjamin Asbury Goodridge, Boston University, 1881 

Herbert B. Mclntire, Dartmouth, 1881 

Harry Weston Whittemore, Tufts, 1886 

Algernon Waite Putnam, Brown University, 1895 




It is natural enough for us to look back to our origin as a 
people. Very few of our towns, it is believed, can claim a 
more homogeneous population than that of Lyndeborough. 

We are told that four separate sources contributed to supply 
the early colonists of New Hampshire. 

One of these entered the territory by way of the Piscataqua 
River and established itself at Cocheco and Strawberry Bank, 
later Dover and Portsmouth. This consisted of English, Scotch, 
a few Irish and eight Danes. 

Another entered from the Massachusetts colonies and as- 
cended the Merrimack valley spreading east and west from the 
river. Exeter and Hampton shared in this overflow which was 
plainly tinged by Puritan ideas. 

Still another tributary started upward along the Connecticut 
river diffusing itself and reaching as far north as Claremont, 
Cornish, Lebanon, and over into " the New Hampshire Grants." 
This was akin to that from Massachusetts. 

The fourth inflow came from Ireland, and was said to con- 
sist of people of Scottish origin who with their ancestors had 
been sojourning for a time in the Emerald Isle, and were for 
these causes called Scotch-Irish. They were Presbyterians and 
settled in Londonderry, and spread into other parts, giving 
names to Dublin, Antrim and some other towns. 

To the second division of these colonists belongs the popula- 
tion of I/yndeborough. The ancient Gaelic prefixes O' and 
Mac are seldom found among the names of our early settlers. 
They were mostly of sturdy Anglo-Saxon stock, and well 
adapted to cultivate the soil of these rugged hills and sheltered 
valleys where they patiently toiled and built their homes. 
To use the words of one of Lyndeborough 's distinguished 
sons, her people have been " intelligent, industrious, temperate 
and moral, as a whole." 


The statistics of population were furnished by W. H. Grant, 


Esq., and were probably taken from Farmer & Moore's New 
Hampshire Gazetteer, published in 1823 : 

Males unmarried, between 16 and 60 years of age 26 

Males married, between 16 and 60 years of age 48 

Males under sixteen years of age 76 
Males over sixty years of age 4 

Females unmarried 71 

Females married 50 
Widows 2 

Slaves, none of either sex 

Total 272 

The population of I/yndeborough in 1775 was 713 
" " " " " 1790 was 1280 

" 1800 was 976* 

" " " " " 1810 was 1074 

" " " " " 1820 was 1163 

To the figures above given, Mr. J. H. Goodrich adds the 
census of the town from 1830 to the present time, as below : 
Population of I^yndeborough in 1830 was 1147 
" " " 1840 was 1032 

" 1850 was 968 

" " " " 1860 was 823 

" " " " 1870 was 820 

" " " " 1880 was 818 

" 1890 was 657 
" " " " 1900 was 686 


When the Revolutionary War commenced the town judged it 
wise to secure for its use a liberal supply of such articles as a 
war would make scarce and difficult to obtain. Consequently 
at a town meeting, June 19, 1775, it was voted, "that the 
Selectmen provide 40 hhds. of salt, 5 hhds. of molasses, and i 
hhd. of rum for the benefit of the town." These articles were 
procured by Francis Epes, Josiah Woodbury and Nathan Pear- 
son, selectmen, 011 the credit of the town ; and were purchased 
of Mr. Jonathan Ropes, of Salem, Mass. But the bill re- 
mained unpaid for more than twelve years, when in December, 
1787, a committee consisting of Dr. Benjamin Jones, John Rey- 
nolds and John Savage, was appointed to look into the affair 
and report at an adjourned meeting. Their report was pre- 
sented and accepted ; and the town voted to pay the bill. The 
whole amount was about ^80, of which ^43 53 and 9d. was 

* The decrease between 1790 and 1800 was due to the portions of her territory and 
population added to the towns of Greenfield, Francestown and Temple. 


due in March, 1788. The Salem merchant was paid, but the 
town received no corresponding advantage. Therefore, Jan. 
n, 1790, L,ieut. Amos Whittemore, and Ensign John Savage 
were chosen a committee to settle the matter, with full power to 
' ' commence an action against the said Epes and others at the 
next Inferior Court, ' ' and make return to the town of their pro- 
ceedings as soon as may be. This committee reported March 
8, 1791, and their report was accepted and expenses were paid. 
But the matter was far from settled; for it was stated on July 
5, 1791, that " the Selectmen had been obliged to pay an execu- 
tion brought against the Town by Francis Epes, Esq., on the 
salt affair." On the 8th of August, 1791, a committee consist- 
ing of Ephraim Putnam, Capt. William Barren, and Levi 
Spaulding was chosen to look into the matter, and ascertain if 
possible how and to whom said property was disposed of, and 
who are indebted to the town for the same, and apply to any fit 
person for counsel on the affair, and report their information to 
the town at an adjourned meeting. Accordingly, on the 3ist. 
of October, 1791, this committee reported, "We have made 
diligent search into the matter, and have applied to counsel for 
advice ; which advice is, that the matter stands 

fair to commence an action against Messrs. Epes, Woodbury, 
and Pearson, on a special promise they made to the Town to 
clear them from the cost of the salt and molasses, as we find 
that the said Epes, Woodbury and Pearson conducted the mat- 
ter as private property, as they sold a great part of the salt and 
molasses after their year was out as selectmen, and their orders 
and receipts are signed in a private capacity. 
All of which is humbly submitted by your committee. 

Ephraim Putnam ~\ 
I<evi Spaulding >Com." 
William Barren ) 

The case seems to have been afterwards submitted to referees, 
whose decision was very adverse to the town. For a commit- 
tee was chosen to "obtain a more equitable settlement with 
Francis Epes and others than took place with the referees," and 
this committee was directed to proceed according to former in- 
structions in carrying on the suit against Mr. Epes and others. 
This subject continued to engage the attention of the town 
from time to time until the year 1800, twenty- five years after 
the original purchase, and from that time we lose trace of it 
from the town records. 



At the present time one can have little idea of the horror and 
dread which the people had of the small pox in the early days 
of the settlement of the town. Vaccination was then unknown, 
and the physicians had not then learned to treat this disease. 
In some communities thirty per cent, of those attacked died, and 
sometimes the percentage was greater. It was discovered that 
persons purposely inoculated with it, especially children, and 
carefully nursed, had it lightly and recovered; and in some 
towns hospitals were established, where what were called 
"classes" were taken to be inoculated, and when these had 
recovered, another "class" would be accommodated. In the 
neighboring town of Weare several town meetings were held in 
the years 1792 and 1793 to decide what should be done about 
these small pox schools or hospitals, and there was much fear 
and excitement, all of which is recorded in the History of 
Weare. In. 1792 a man whose first name was Joe, but whose 
surname is not recorded, was taken sick with the dread dis- 
ease. He lived in a house in L,yndeborough near the New Bos- 
ton line, in the northeast part of the town. Charles J. Smith 
was a recent occupant of the place. This Joe's neighbors, 
nearly all of whom lived on the New Boston side of the line, were 
frenzied with fear and excitement, and a meeting was held forth- 
with to determine what should be done in the matter. It was 
advocated by the majority that, as the doctor had said that the 
man could not live two days, it would be the best thing for all 
concerned to burn patient and building, and thus avoid the 
danger of the spread of the contagion in burying him, and also 
the danger of the disease being carried by the wind ; that the 
man was unconscious and a few hours would make no differ- 
ence. In excuse it may be said again that they were beside 
themselves with horror and fear. While they were planning to 
put the scheme into execution one or two cooler men mounted 
swift horses and started hot foot for the selectmen of I^ynde- 
borough to see if something could not be done to prevent such 
a blot on the fair fame of the town. These selectmen were 
Jeremiah Carleton, Dea. Ephraim Putnam and Samuel Houston. 
They lost no time in getting to the scene of trouble, and by 
threats and pleadings soon succeded in calming the excitement 
and preventing the threatened outrage. 

A poem was written at the time describing the occurrence. 


The author is unknown. Extracts from this poem are inserted, 
as it was a matter of interest, and is something of a literary 
curiosity : 

The Pox prevails, the people rave, 
Each man's a fool, each man's a knave. 
Poor Joe has caught it, takes his flight 
And seeks a cave in inidst of night, 
Dejected, spurned and much cast down ; 
From each old hag receives a frown. 
Spite, the food of Hell's production, 
Swells their breasts in sad convulsion. 
This raves, that swears, and some desire 
To burn his house and all with fire. 
To church they go to hold convention 
Each deeply fraught with ill intention ; 
When, Ajax-like, Longshanks arose 

And thus addressed the grumbling crew 

* * * * * * * 

" New Boston's sons, How long shall we 

Be [pestered] thus? Zounds! Don't you see 

We've got into a Devilish box 

As every soul will have the pox ? 

Beside yon stream a lonely dome 

Contains a patient all alone 

He's sick and easy overcome 

(Landlord ! Some more New England rum !) 

By George ! My friends I'll not take rest 

Till I have spoilt that cursed nest ! 

If sloth and indolence prevail 

We'll fall as does the rattling hail. 

Let's rouse for safety to our town 

And burn or tear his building down. 

This is my mind, if yours the same 

Tomorrow's sun shall see it flame." 

Thus he belched forth his rancor 

And brought his burden to an anchor. 

* * * * * * . * 

* * The heads of the adjoining town, 

* * Sent for [in haste] at length came down, 
In hopes that they by candid means 

Could pacify those crazy brains. 
And, fond of peace, they now address 
The frantic, raving populace. 
First, Carleton, a judicious man 
And friend to order, thus began : 
" Reason, my friends, the helm of life, 
Is shattered by such gales of strife. 
Law, the guide to friends of State, 


Is trod upon by such debate. 

Now if both law and reason die, 

Humanity will also fly. 

Where then, my brothers, shall we be 

When we are stript of all the three ? 

From such destructions pray refrain 

And reassume your sense again." 

Putnam, mild, then forward goes, 

And soothing language sweetly flows : 

"Why, my friends, such frantic fear? 

There's neither pox nor danger near. 

Yon little cot by Towns's mill 

Contains it all and ever will, 

Till reason offers her direction 

To purge and cleanse of the infection. 

You're not exposed in any instance 

If you have wit to keep your distance." 

Then Houston, much to mobs opposed, 

Step'd forth, and thus the scene he closed. 

"And do you think the God above 

Will such a discord here approve ? 

If such the strife, the rage of all, 

Religion [will] a victim fall. 

More lawful means you ought to try, 

And use some more humanity. 

Mortals abhor and justly mourn 

The soul by such destruction borne. 

Let each an equal friendship bear 

And sympathize in his despair." 

These words their anger soon suppressed 

And slew the viper in their breast. 

Now rage is fled, and in its place 

There's guilty shame in every face. 

Each hangs his head and sneaks away, 

Like Towser from his stolen prey. 

Thus the scene is closed with shame. 

Let every such turn out the same. INCOGNITO. 


In 1853, the smallpox visited L/yndeborough and great con- 
sternation was felt lest trie disease should spread. Dr. Samuel 
G. Dearborn, then of Milford, was called to attend the patients. 
Being so far away, he requested Dr. L/orenzo D. Bartlett, his 
brother-in-law, recently settled in New Boston, to take charge, 
which he accordingly did. The cases are said to have been 
limited to two families, those of Mr. Oliver Bixby and Mr. 
Nathaniel Jones. Mrs. Jones was one of the patients 


which Dr. Bartlett treated. All the patients recovered but the 
doctor himself contracted the disease. He was taken to the 
home of Mr. Jones, and there tenderly treated and carefully 
nursed. Mr. Robert Brown, the father of our fellow-citizen, 
Leonard Brown, who was immune, having had the disease, re- 
mained with him constantly to care for him. He, however, 
succumbed to the malady, dying in early manhood, and giving 
his life as many believe in devotion to both his patients and his 
chosen profession. 

The presence of the scourge created great alarm among the 
town's people, and they feared to have the body buried in the 
public cemetery. As seemed best in concession to this fear, 
Dr. Dearborn bought a little plot for its burial, and it was laid 
away to its solitary rest, a few rods from the road which leads 
over the mountain towards Francestown. 

Lorenzo D. Bartlett, M. D., was a native of Northfield, N. H. 
His parents were poor. His father died during the boyhood of 
the son, and the care of the children devolved on the mother. The 
boy was a bright, intelligent lad, a good scholar, and he was 
befriended by an influential citizen in getting his education. 
He chose the practice of medicine as his calling, and prepared 
himself as best he could for it. He graduated with honor at 
Castleton Medical College, an institution of very high standing 
in Vermont ; afterwards studied and practiced with Dr. S. G. 
Dearborn of Mont Vernon, who gave him didactic lessons in 
surgery. He continued with Dr. Dearborn about two years, 
after which he settled in New Boston, having married the sister 
of his instructor who esteemed him as "a noble man." His 
career ended at the early age of 28, after he had given promise 
of great usefulness in his chosen profession ; and he was highly 
esteemed and deeply lamented. Dr. Henry E. Spalding of 
Boston, a native of Lyndeborough, recently said that " Dr. 
Bartlett's devotion to his patients and his profession merited a 
martyr's plaudit and reward."* 

* When these cases of smallpox made their appearance in Lyndeborough, vaccine 
matter seemed scarce in these parts and when there was no railroad in operation 
through here, it required about three days to get it from Boston. People hastened 
to be vaccinated when there was no virus at hand. Inoculation was resorted to in some 
instances in L,yndeborough, and Dr. Dearborn is authority for the statement that with 
very slight exceptions, the results were good. The patients all recovered thoroughly, 
and suffered no permanent evil consequences. 

The above facts were stated by Dr. Dearborn to the writer at Nashua, December 
20, 1902. 



The spotted fever, which had proved fatal in many of the 
New England towns, prevailed in i,yndeborough in 1812, with 
its accustomed virulence. It is stated that thirteen persons died 
as victims of it in as many days. A copy of the New Hamp- 
shire Patriot, of Concord, February 25, 1812, contains the fol- 
lowing notice : 

" DIED. In Lyndeborough, of the Spotted Fever, a daughter of Mr. 
Edward Bullard, aged 10 two children of Mr. Asa Manning a son of 

Mr. Haggett Mr. David Butterfield Mr. Jacob Manning two 

daughters of Capt. Clark a son of Mr. Jacob Wellman." 

Our town records state that "Mrs. Hannah Killam and 
Deborah Clark, both daughters of Capt. William and Sarah 
Clark, died February 19, 1812; " thus harmonizing with the 
above notice. 

Out of fifty-eight deaths, in the town of Acworth, in less than 
three months in 1812, fifty-three were caused by this plague. 


At a legal meeting of the town of I,yudeborough on Decem- 
ber 23, 1871, the following resolution was offered by Joel H. 
Tarbell : 


" To aid in the construction of the Extension of the Wilton Railroad to 
Greenfield, N. H. 

Whereas, the construction of the said Railroad would be of great pub- 
lic benefit to this section of country, and would especially promote the 
interest and increase the wealth of this town, 

And, whereas the town is authorized by law to aid in its construction 
as provided in sections 16 and 17 of Chapter 34 of the General Statutes ; 

Therefore, Resolved by the citizens of the town of I/yndeborough in 
town meeting assembled, that the sum of Three Thousand Dollars be, 
and the same is hereby appropriated in aid of the construction of the 
extension of the Wilton Railroad to Greenfield, N. H., which sum in 
money or in the bonds of the town securing the same, shall be delivered 
to the Treasurer of said Railroad Corporation whenever the said Rail- 
road is located and put under contract for the grading thereof, and the 
work of grading the same is commenced within the limits of this town, 
and notice thereof in writing, from the President of said Corporation 
shall have been received by the Selectmen of the town, provided said 
road is put in running order within two years from this date." 

The Resolution passed by a vote of 100 in its favor, to 37 
against it. 

At a legal town meeting, October 9, 1873, it was voted, " To 
require the Peterborough Railroad Co. to bridge the road near 


Buttrick's mill." On December 6, 1873, the Railroad Commis- 
sioners reported the damages assessed against the Peterborough 
Railroad in the town of L,yndeborough. The awards were : 

To Alvaro Buttrick $300 To Jothain Hildreth $40 

To William N. Ryerson fioo To I,yndeborough Glass Co. $225 

To James Burton $35 

Railroad Commissioners ) D. Gilchrist 

for f A. S. Twitchell 

New Hampshire J E. P. Hodsdon 

Selectmen ~| Rufus Chamberlain 

of \ George Rose 

Lyndeborough J Adoniram Russell 

The railroad commissioners adjudged the bridging of the 
highway near Buttrick's mill unnecessary. The railroad, 
though a piece of private property, was yet a thing of public 
interest to both the town and those who visited it. From Wil- 
ton to Greenfield was called the Peterborough railroad. The 
contract for building it was awarded to George Washington 
Cram of Norwalk, Conn. His father, Daniel Cram, a native of 
L,yndeborough, was engaged to build the stone work. The 
grade of the road from Wilton to South L/yndeborough averages 
a rise of 80 feet to the mile. 

Two objects of considerable mechanical curiosity were pro- 
duced in its construction. One was the trestle, and another the 
gulf bridge. Twenty-five years ago, a person going from 
Wilton to South L,yndeborough by rail would feel the train 
slowing up as he passed around a curve just before reaching 
the old glass factory. On learning the cause, he would find 
himself gliding over rails supported by piles forming a trestle- 
work from twenty to thirty feet above the ground level. It was 
several hundred feet long and was traversed with varying de- 
grees of both curiosity and trepidation. But soon after leaving 
its stilts, the train plunged into a cut which assured the timid 
that they had again reached terra forma. The trestle was 
viewed as a triumph of engineering and lasted many years 
without causing special injury or accident. 

Early in 1887, a gravel train commenced operations on the 
track, and filled all the spaces between and around the piles, 
and an excellent road-bed of stones, earth and gravel was built 
up. There is no visible trace of the old trestle. When sojourn- 
ers of many years' absence return they miss the trestle, and 
find that it has shared the fate of many an old acquaintance, 
has been buried. 



The gulf bridge still retains its visibility. It stands nearly a 
mile west of the South L/yndeborough station, and spans the 
ravine of the Rocky River. It is about two hundred feet in 
length, and trains crossing it are about 70 feet above the river's 
channel. The trusses of this bridge are inverted, or seem to 
be suspended beneath the girders. They would at first view of 
one unskilled in mechanical engineering seem to hang as a 
mere weight upon the structure. But the structure, slender, 
strong and graceful in its proportions, has endured for more 
than thirty years, and as yet presents no visible tokens of decay. 
The more closely it is inspected, the deeper the impression it 
leaves of its mechanical beauty, power and durability. 


Dec. 7, 1757. Congregational Church organized. 

Oct. 3, 1778. Benj. Bullock killed a bear. Mr. Bullock lived at North 
Lyndeborough. His land joined Capt. Peter Clark's on the east and 

June 23, 1780. Putnam's house burned. This refers to Ephraim Put- 
nam. The house in question stood nearly opposite the house of Mr. 
Lawrence on Putnam hill, South Lyndeborough. 

Dec. 4, 1784. George, son of Capt. Levi Spaulding, drowned. 

Feb. 8, 1788. Astain's mill burned. Supposed to refer to a mill at No. 
Lyndeborovrgh on the Piscataquog river. 

Nov. 21, 1793. Jonathan Barren, drowned in Badger pond while cross- 
ing the ice on his way to church. 

April 23, 1797. John Ordway's house burned. This house stood where 
Chas. J. Cutnmings lives. 

Feb. 19, 1798. Dutton's house burned. Obscure, but supposed to refer 
to Reuben Dutton's house, north of the mountain. 

Dec. ii, 1804. Oliver Whiting's barn burned. 

Aug. 13, 1819. Samuel Allen drowned. He lived at North Lynde- 
borough near the Cunningham place. 

1819. Ira Houston collects the taxes for the " honor of the 

April 20, 1820. Luke Giddings killed. 

March 4, 1826. Uriah Smith died in town meeting. Heart disease. 

Dec. 13, 1827. Deborah Parker thrown from a wagon and killed at North 
Lyndeborough. Horse ran away. She had attended a prayer-meet- 
ing at the No. 4 Schoolhouse. In driving home the rein broke. 

April 2. 1834. Capt. Peter Farnum fell into a tan vat and was drowned. 
This was at the tannery that used to stand just west of where James 
H. Karr lives. 

Aug. 13, 1836. Edgar Rand's child drowned. 

" " " Schoolhouse at District No. 6 burned. 

Mar. 3, 1843.. Dr - Israel Herrick's house burned. 

Feb. 16, 1845. Moses Chenery's house broken into and goods stolen. 

Mar. 25, 1845. Old Congregational church sold to Jacob Butler for $86 



Feb. 18, 1849. Sarah Wilson's house burned. 

Mar. 8, 1849. James L,. Clark's house burned. This was where C. L. 

Perham lives. 

July 18, 1850. Capt. Peter Clark assaulted at Amherst. 
Oct. 3, 1850. Collins Wyman was accidentally shot and killed on the 

Pinnacle. He was drawing his gun up over a ledge with the muzzle 

toward him when the hammer caught and the gun was discharged. 
May 8, 1852. Mrs. Artenias Woodward was thrown from a wagon and 

killed on the hill west of where George E. Spalding lives. She 

was carrying the mail from South Lyndeborough to the centre. In 

returning the bit broke and the horse ran, throwing her out near the 

foot of the hill. A monument marks the spot. 
March 5, 1854. Dr. L/orenzo D. Bartlett died of small pox and was buried 

in a lonely spot on " Crooked S. " hill. 
July 3, 1854. Twelve cases of small pox in town and great excitement 

and fear. 

Feb. i, 1856. Phineas Kidder run over by his sled. 
May 22, 1857. New bell hung in the Congregational church belfry. 
Sept. 12, 1859. Robert B. Osgood lost an arm by the premature dis- 
charge of a blast. 

June 17, 1860. Samuel Hodgeman killed by lightning. 
Dec. 31, 1861. Solomon D. Avery's child burned. 
June 10, 1865. Lightning struck Nathan Richardson's barn and killed 

his horse. Barn not destroyed. 
Oct. 4, 1866. Daniel B. Whittemore fell from tree and broke a leg. 

A similar misfortune befel him Nov. 8, 1892, in falling from the high 

beams of his barn. 

Oct. 8, 1868. Eli Curtis's buildings burned. 
May 13, 1870. William W. Curtis's store and buildings at the centre 


March n, 1871. Sumner French's house burned. This was the brick 
house north of the mountain, built by Daniel Woodward in 1820. 
April 22, 1872. A Mr. Sawyer was killed at Samuel N. Hartshorn's mill. 

He was repairing the wheel-pit, when the wheel fell upon him. 
Sept. 26, 1872. George M. Cram hurt by a blast at South L,yndeborough. 
Jan. 24, 1881. David Stiles killed by an engine on the railroad crossing 
Sept. 6, 1881. Yellow day. 
Oct. 6, 1881. Azro D. Cram's buildings burned. 

at South Lyndeborough. 
Oct. 29, 1885. Benj. B. Ames was kicked by his horse, from the effects 

of which he died, Dec. 8, 1885. 

Aug. 29, 1887. John Stearns shot and killed himself. 
July 31, 1890. Frank B. Tay's buildings struck by lightning and burned. 
Sept. 26, 1890. Jason Holt met with an accident on the railroad and 

lost a leg. 

April 7, 1892. Schoolhouse in District No. i burned. 
Sept. 16, 1892. Carlos Wheeler fell from his wagon and was run over 

and killed near South Lyndeborough. 

Nov. 26, 1892. Clifton S. Broad was thrown from a wagon and killed on 
the mountain north of R. C. Mason's. 


July 8, 1893. Jotham Hildreth fell from the railroad bridge near But- 

trick's mills and was killed. 
Mar. 12, 1900. Warren Holden of Mel rose, Mass., was thrown from 

sleigh and killed near the house of Mrs. Nathan Cummings. 
Mar. 2, 1904. Eliphalet J. Hardy was killed by a tree falling upon him. 

He was the father of Rev. O. E. Hardy. 



The dates of the decease of earlier citizens must be sought 
in the genealogical records. The printed reports of the town 
previous to 1861 seem to contain no specific mortuary lists. In 
that year, however, a full list of the deaths seems to be given. 
In transcribing the list, .some who died in infancy and child- 
hood, are for obvious reasons omitted. A few, however, who 
died quite young, are, for special reasons, occasionally retained. 
Our list then, consisting of names, dates of decease, and ages, 
commences with 1861, and will awaken sorrowful interest in the 
hearts of many who glance it over. 


68 Aug. 29, Ruth Barnes 86 

65 Sept. 12, Charles J. Hartshorn 18 
71 Oct. i, Cyrus Blauchard 53 

73 Nov. 13, Jacob Crosby 53 

59 Nov. 24, Catherine L. Blauchard 61 
20 Dec. 14, Reuben Stearns 17 

Dec. 18, Sarah A. Richardson 47 
71 Dec. 21, John Perham 71 


Aug. 4, Mrs. Nancy P. J. Putnam 63 
Aug. 30, Joseph Chamberlain 72 
Sept. 15, John Wellnan 72 

Sept. 25, Mrs. Nabby Bachelder 92 

May n, John Gage 
June 17, Moses Cheiiery 
June 26, Samuel Howard 
June 29, James Cram 
June 29, Jeremiah Hartshorn 
July 21, Harvey Holt, Jr. 

(In battle at Manassas, Va.) 
Aug. 26, Nathan P. Cummings 

April 25, Geo. Washington Holt 36 

May 5, John Alonzo Hartshorn 21 

(In battle of Williamsburg, Va.) 

May 20, Antoinette A. Kidder 
May 27, Mrs. Mary Brown 
June n, Ephraim Putman 

Feb. 25, John Millen 
March 9, Solomon Cram 
March 30, Sarah Badger 
May 6, Walter Chamberlain 

(New Orleans, La.) 
May 17, Jotham P. Draper 

(at Baton Rouge, La.) 
June 18, Mary Twitchell 
June 28, John R. Butler 

(New Orleans, La.) 
June 30, Eben J. Palmer 

(Baton Rouge, La.) 


Nov. 26, Mrs. Mary H. Wheeler 59 
Dec. 9, William B. Abbot 51 


77 Aug. 5, Nathan S. Harris 27 

61 (fell from transport at night 
90 and was drowned in the Mis- 
16 sissippi) 

Aug. 10, John H. Karr 24 

25 (At Vicksburg) 

Aug. 15, James Boutwell 43 

54 (returned soldier) 
23 Aug. 15, Mrs. Daniel Morse 

Aug. 17, Mrs. Hannah L. Wood- 
22 ward 63 

Sept. ii, Polly Wellman 64 

Oct. 31, Timothy Joslin 64 

Nov. 23, Mrs. A. Joslin 58 



Feb. 22, Betsey Odell Carkin 
April 10, James Page 
June 12, Abigail Cram 

Jan. 9, Elnathan Hodgetnan 
(on transport ascending the 
Mississippi River) 
Jan. 12, Samuel Buttrick 
Feb. 3, Hannah E. Fish 
Feb. 8, Betsey Chamberlain 
March 23, Dea. William Jones 

Feb. 18, Dr. Israel Herrick 
March 22, Benj. Warren Button 
April 3, Dea. Daniel Wood- 
ward, Jr. 

April 3, Rev. Jacob White 
April 22, Elizabeth B. Mclutre 
April 22, Ira G. Morrison 

April n, Henry Clark 

June 3, John Carson 

June 25, Daniel Woodward 

(in FrancestownJ 
July 3, Mrs. Mary Adaline Put- 

July 15, Mrs. Susanna Karr 
July 17, John H. Stephenson 
Sept. 9, Harvey Chamberlain 
(at River De Loup, C. E.) 

Jan. 7, Samuel Everett Swin- 


Feb. 20, Israel Cram 
Feb. 21, Mrs. Amy Blanchard 

(at So. Danvers, Mass.) 
Feb. 29, Mrs. Eunice Stafford 
March 10, Mrs. Rosa Y. Holt 
March 26, Mrs. Mary B. Whiting 

Jan. 9, Mrs. Sarah G. Jones 
Jan. 22, Mr. Jacob Ellingwood 
Jan. 23, Mrs. Rhoda E. Parker 
Feb. 17, Mr. Daniel Proctor 
April 8, Mrs. Nancy Chenery 
May 2, Mrs. Naomi Russell 


60 June 14, Ephraim H. Putnam 59 
63 Dec. 22, Ebenezer Duncklee 83 
71 Dec. 27, Jona. Hartwell Stephen- 
son 29 


30 June 3, Loammie Eaton 84 

July 24, Gorham B. Clark 18 

Aug. 20, Jonathan Bailey 78 

78 Nov. 3, Lizzie N. Boutwell 30 
86 Nov. 14, Harvey Holt 57 
84 Dec. 15, Hannah Holt 73 


71 Sept. 19, Olivia J. Curtis Bald- 

19 win 24 
Oct. 28, George Putnam 90 

56 Dec. 4, Sarah S. Wilson 90 

59 Dec. 17, Amy Cram 88 

79 Dec. 27, Capt. Eleazer Putnam 66 


78 Sept. 10, Miss Sarah Maria 

75 Stevens 34 

99 Sept. n, Mrs. Rebecca Harwood 83 

Sept. 14, Marcus De H. Wheeler 28 

Sept. 19, Mrs. Sally Harris 68 

62 Sept. 20, Benjamin Crosby 64 
50 Sept. 27, Miss Abigail Richard- 

34 son 65 

34 Oct. 22, Sylvester Proctor 62 


May 5, David Hovey 83 

33 May 18, Nathan Augustus Fish 29 

78 July 23, Samuel Jones 65 

92 Oct. 2, Mrs. Cassa J. Sanford 16 

(at Stowe, Mass.) 

82 Oct. 23, Calvin Abbott 44 

20 Nov. ii, James B. Hall 27 

82 Dec. 18, Sarah A. Mullett 74 

63 Sept. 26, Mr. Asa Senter 

83 Oct. 27, Mr. Benjamin Dutton 68 
25 Oct. 31, Mrs. Hannah S. Hadley 97 
66 Nov. 24, Mrs. Abigail H. Holt 

71 Dec. 17, Mrs. Polly B. Bailey 74 



March 8, Mrs. Sarah B. Butler 
March 30, Clarence Russell 

April 8, Job Swinington 76 

May 13, Mrs. Ann Holt 68 

May 17, Mrs. Mary A. Perkins 29 

May 26, Levi Tyler 69 
June 10, Dea. David Putnam 79.11 
Aug. 18, Miss Lucy A. Steph- 

ensou 23 


76 Sept. 20, Oliver Harris 
19 Sept. 28, Robert B. Osgood 
Oct. 10, James Gould 
Oct. 18, Mrs. Susan O. Wood- 
ward (at Surry, C. H., Va.) 
Oct. 26, Mrs. Edna A. Clark 
Dec. 3, Mrs. Dorothy Wheeler 
Dec. 15, Mrs. Miranda Rand 
Oct. 17, Miss Mary Shedd 


Jan. i, Mrs. Sarah Eaton 76 Feb. 9, Mrs. Mary Proctor 

Annual Town Report for 1871 has only the last names. 
The Town Report for 1872 contains no Obituary Record. 


8i.ii Sept. 21, Albert J. Kidder 

Feb. i, Andrew Fuller 
March 22, Hattie Maria Rose 
March 30, Hattie S. Stevens 
May 13, Sophronia Clark 
Aug. 7, William Gould 
Aug. 9, Hannah Putnam 
Aug. 18, Mark Newton 
Sept. 16, Mary A. Draper 



Sept* 26, Nancy Gould 
Oct. n, James L. Clark 
Oct. 20, Rachel P. Kidder 
Nov. 5, Hannah Carson 
Dec. 16, Anthony A. Ames 
Dec. 25, Timothy Brown 

March 4, Mary E. Holt 
March 28, Cornelia E. Moore 
April 7, John Richardson 
April 12, Eliza N. Jones 
April 21, Daniel J. Moore 
April 21, Asher Curtis 
April 25, Stephen D. Holt 

1873 1875, No Mortuary Report. 

May i, Rhoda H. Emery 
Aug. 7, EH Curtis 
Oct. 4, Mary H. Abbott 
Dec. 5, George B. Raymond 
Dec. 7, Rufus P. Chase 
Dec. 28, Lottie A. Stephenson 

Jan. 12, Lucy E. Putnam 
Feb. 14, Joseph H. Ford 
March 13, Mr. Richard Young 
March 31, Mrs. Emeline Holt 
Dec. 24, 1876, (in California), Mr. 

J. Barron Clark, 

Buried in Lyndeborough 





37 May 16, Rev. E. B. Claggett, 












Feb. 10, Mr. John Hartshorn 
Feb. 19, Mr. George F. Cutter 
April 3, Daniel Cunningham 
May 19, Mrs. Elizabeth Cram 

66 at New Fairfield, Conn., for 24 
80 years pastor of Congregational 
58 Church in Lyndeborough 

June 10, Mr. Manley Kidder 66 
54 June 14, Mr. William M. Warner 21 
July 21, Mrs. Mina G. Lane 25 

July 22, Mrs. Mary D. Spalding 65 
August 2, Mr. Alfred A. Whitney 60 

66 July 14, Mrs. Eunice A. Clay 23 
39 Aug. 3, Miss Etneline Spalding 37 
80 Oct. 5, Mrs. Caroline F. Wood- 
87 ward 58 



May 23, Rev. W. L. S. Clark 
June 14, Solon B. Richardson 
July 6, Mrs. Lucy G. Clark 

Jan. n, Joseph Perham 
Jan. 18, Mrs. Susan Ordway 
Jan. 28, Mrs. Mary B. Perham 
Feb. 25, Oliver Perham 
March 3, Mrs. Susan Putnam 
March 8, Mrs. Mary Stratton 
March 10, John J. Balch 
March 16, Mrs. Abigail M. Balch 
March 20, Nelson Ryerson 
April 5, Huse Karr 
April 6, Frederick I. Bishop 
June 26, Abigail Hadley 

64 Nov. n, Mrs. AlmandaC. Conant 28 
38 Dec. 28, Brackley Rose 82 


76 Aug. 

81 Aug. 

65 Aug. 
60 Sept 
72 Sept 
68 Oct. 
74 Nov. 
68 Nov. 
19 Dec. 
81 Dec. 
18 Dec. 

3, Elias Mclntire 

4, Mrs. Emma Ella Smith 
17, George N. Bishop 

. 7, Maria H. Stephenson 
. 25, Peter Clark 

23, Jonathan Clark 

20, Mrs. Sarah H. Kidder 
26, George Bishop 

5, Mrs. Betsey P. Gage 
19, Miss Myrta M. Crani 

24, Mrs. Dorothy Lindsay 

Jan. 2, Mrs. Lydia \V. Putnam 
Feb. 4, Francis D. Johnson 
April 16, Mrs. Maria T. May- 


May i, Olney P. Butler 
Children: March 30, Walter H.; 
April 5, Mark W.; April 20, 
Lizzie H.; April 29, William L, 
died of diphtheria 

Jan. 24, David Stiles 
Feb. 16, William E. Wallace 
March 20, Myrtie Putnam 
April 28, Mrs. Mary S. Hadley 
May 5, Mrs. Cynthia Kidder 



May 28, Mrs. Sarah S. Young 
July 22, Emerson Batchelder 
Sept. 7, Mrs. Hattie E. Holt 
Sept. 26, Micah Hartshorn 
Dec. i, Mrs. Maria A. Sweetser 
Dec. 8, Mrs. Clarissa C. Curtis 


70 Aug. 14, Mrs. Polly Perham 
52 Oct. 9, Mrs. Mahala Wilson 
16 Nov. 9, Alfred B. Spalding 
80 Dec. 8, Mary Stephenson 

Jan. 27, Edward B. Sulham 
Jan. 30, Dea. John C. Goodrich 
March 10, Timothy Ordway 
April 13, Antoine Farnham 
April 16, Jacob Butler 
May 23, John Lowe 



21 May 27, Mrs. Charlotte Baldwin 

78 Aug. 2, Miss Hattie Gibson 

86 Aug. n, Mrs. Sarah B. Peterson 
52 Sept. 12, Mrs. Addie S. Stacey 

87 Oct. 3, Mrs. Rebecca Fish 
86 Oct. 20, Mrs. J. D. Putnam 


Jan. 12, Mrs. Hannah Fish 79 

Jan. 19, William A. Bailey 41 

Feb. 13, Neil J. Dickey 11.2 

March 30, Ebenezer Fish 73 

April 17, John F. Holt 75 

May 18, Sarah Stephenson 91 

June 2, Timothy T. Putnam 
July 21, Allie A. Holden 
Sept. 3, Nathan P. Cummings 
Oct. 14, Jotham Stephenson 
Nov. 24, Abbie J. Spalding 















Jan. 17, Charles F. Allen 
March 4, Willie B. Bell 
March 31, Artemas Woodward 
May 19, Clara A. Sheldon 
July 7, Mrs. John Lowe 
Aug. 27, Anna Fish 
Oct. 4, Lelia C. Ross 

Feb. 8, Mrs. Lucy Batchelder 
March 24, William N. Ryerson 
April 13, Mrs. Hannah F. Harts 

Jan. 18, Herman Wright 
Feb. 25, John H. Farnham 
March n, Morris M. Emery 64. 
March 12, Frank H. Powers 
May 6, Clintina Richardson 
July 4, Belle Curtis 
Aug. 16, George Chenery 

Jan. 2, Lois H. Emery 
Jan. 7, Hannah P. Batchelder 
Jan. 20, Edward Paige Spalding 
Jan. 29, Harriet R. Dascomb 
Feb. 5, George S. Dolliver 
Feb. 23, Betsey A. Ford 72 

Feb. 24, Charles F. Tarbell 
Feb. 26, Jacob D. Putnam 
March n, Lucinda Searles 
March 22, John A. Putnam 
May 20, Sarah B. Fish 
May 30, Lafayette Herrick 


25 Oct. 22, David Holt 

12 Nov. i, Mrs. Lucy Cram 

72 Nov. 18, Ida M. Herrick 

30 Nov. 30, Mrs. Sally L. Curtis 

83 Dec. u, Mrs. Gratia Bishop 

79 Dec. 14, Foster Woodward 


44 April 19, Mrs. Mary S. Cram 
52 June 20, Jesse Simonds 

Aug. 10, Josiah M. Parker 
88 Dec. 8, Benjamin B. Ames 


77 Sept. 27, Nathan Fish 
20 Oct. 3, Clark S. Gordon 
,11 Oct. 15, Clarissa O. Burton 
24 Oct. 28, Sarah S. Fish 

20 Nov. 4, Elmira H. Small Holt 

24 Dec. 27, George D. Eaton 

43 Dec. 29, Thomas J. Draper 


68 April ii, Caroline Cram 

78 May 10, Emma L. Ryerson 
82 June 5, Cynthia S. Jaquith 
75 Aug. 29, John W. Stearns 
32 Sept. 30, John Dolliver 

ii Dec. ii, Pamela A. Goodrich 


44 July 8, Abigail H. Crosby 

59 Aug. 3, Sarah Richardson 

72 Sept. 15, Sarah B. Putnam 

64 Oct. 24, Ann E. Fuller 

42 Nov. 27, Carrie E. Ordway 

63 Dec. 19, Ruth T. Gangloff 











Feb. 7, Nathaniel R. Fish 
March 18, Caroline E. Jensen 

May 7, Ruby Hartshorn 

Feb. 23, Elvira Cheney 
Mar. i, David D. Clark 
Mar. 28, Carrie L- Spofford 
April 6, Wilbur F. Hackett 
May 10, Salathiel L. Wheeler 
May 12, H. W. Hodgeman 
May 30, Sarah P. Clark 

92 Oct. 19, Alvaro Buttrick 68 

16 Nov. 2, Mary E. Foster 52 

Nov. 14, Willie Ryerson 22 

87 Dec. 30, Charles L. Hutchinson 52 


38 June ii, Addie P. Foster 45 

72 June 23, John J. Gangloff 35 

28 Aug. 8, Sally Rose 84 
59 Nov. 25, Annette H. Jenson 16 
59 Nov. 30, Charles Fletcher 90 

29 Dec. 28, Alfred F. Holt 52 



Feb. 4, Harriet E. Merrill 
Feb. 14, Joel H. Tarbell 
Mar. 16, Oliver Watkins 
Apr. 29, Adoniram Russell 
Apr. 29, Edward Powers, 
June 3, Emeline G. Herrick 
June 28, Levi Spalding 


40 July 4, Charles A. Hibbard 37 

75 Aug. n, Isaac L. Duncklee 66 

68 Aug. 30, David S. Draper 52 

69 Sept. 6, John M. Emery 62 
58 Nov. 23, Otis Perham 71 
79 Dec. 9, Lucy Wheeler 44 

Jan. 3, Mary E. Farnnam 
Jan. 9, Lucian B. Bowman 
Jan. 20, Eva E. Ross 
Jan. 31, Nelson Kidder 
April 13, Dorothy Henderson 
April 14, Lois A. Watkins 
April 20, Robert K. Lynch 
May 24, Martha Chamberlain 
June 9, Edwin N. Patch 

Feb. 4, Orrin N. Cram 

Feb. ii, Lois Burrough Marshall 

March 2, Elizabeth Blanchard 90 

47 July 6, David Carkin 

70 July 6, Emily Stephenson 

27 Aug. 28, Orpah S. Russell 

84 Sept. 16, Carlos Wheeler 
80 teamster, crushed by his 

70 loaded cart 

63 Oct. 26, Mada Hutchinson 

71 Nov. 8, Bertha E. Holt 
67 Dec. 5, Clifton W. Broad 


April 26, John Gillespie 
June 26, Mamie A. Perham 
July 8, Jotham Hildreth 
Aug. 18, Celia Foote 
Sept. 5, Kilburn S. Curtis 

Jan. 9, Hannah Carr 
Jan. 21, Harriet Moore 
Feb. 2, Carl A. Eaton 
Feb. 7, Eliza A. Eaton 
March 20, Alfred Stearns 

Feb. 10, Abbie E. Pickett 
died in Newton, Mass. 
March 6, Mary A. Hall 

March 19, Hiram F. Curtis 
April i, Etta Burton 
April 30, Julien E. Wright 
June 27, Frank H. Senter 

Drowned in New Boston 
June 27, Dellie E. Holden 

Drowned in New Boston 

Jan. 29, Mary A. Holt 

Jan. 31, Charles Henry Holt 

Sept. ii, Lois C. Holt 
Oct. 9, Abigail C. Putnam 
Oct. 20, Asa Hill 
Oct. 21, S. Kate Putnam 
Dec. 15, Rebecca B. Perham 
Dec. 27, Abram Boutell 
Eliza K. Russell 

60. ii 


76 April ii, Flora E. Reynolds 
72 April 30, Sarah A. Curtis 
13 June 30, Myra M. Davis 
76 July 2, Samuel N. Hartshorn 
31 Aug. 20, Caroline P. Spalding 

36 March 8, Warren F. Needham 

April i, Levi P. Bailey 
62 July ic, Julia A. Holden 


58 July i , John A. Bradford 
42 Sept. 20, Franklin Senter 
70 Oct. 31 , Rebecca F. Grant 
13 Nov. 21, Hattie Clark 

Nov. 23, Henry Weeeler 


72 Aug. 13, Frank P. Hadley 
69 Sept. 7, Samuel S. Cummings 











Feb. 12, Maria E. Owen 
April 17, Eliza A. Senter 
April 17, Nellie M. Herrick 

69 Nov. 16, Mary E. Cram 58 

79 Nov. 23, John W. Millay 22 

28 Dec. 29, Abbie E. Dolliver 78 

Jan. 6, Charles Young 
April 8, Lucy P. Kidder 
April 9, Alice C. Curtis 
April 16, David Lover 

Jan. 6, Richard H. Ross 
Jan. 23, Benjamin J. Clark 
March n, Dana B. Sargent 
April 15, Ursula J. Stearns 
April 17, Susan Miller 
April 27, Franklin H. Kidder 
May 26, Willis D. Sargent 
June 8, Nathan Richardson 

Jan. 24, David C. Grant 
Feb. 14, Wilkes H. Hadley 
Feb. 16, Jennie S. Cram 
March 13, Warren Holden 
March 26, Mary E. Dickey 
April 4, Morris Frye 

Feb. 9, George H. Stevens 
March 7, S. May Cheever 
May 2, Sarah Ross 
May 30, Mary J. Brown 
Aug. 27, Hannah Bailey 
Oct. 7, Electa Gage 

Jan. 29, Harvey Perham 
March 23, Andrew J. Marshall 
May 21, John Rand 
June ii, Amanda E. Cheever 
July 24, Betsey A. Lynch 

Jan. 3, Annie E.' Draper 
Jan. 31, Nettie C. Chute 
Feb. 2, Elizabeth B. Mclntire 
March i, Susanna P. Hartshorn 
March 12, Abbie S. Wright 
March 24, Byron Putnam 
May n, Charles M. Butler 
May 26, Joseph Sharp 

69 May 9, Samuel T. Merrill 

91 Sept. 3, Jennie Danforth 

23 Oct. 9, Olive Patch 


July 26, Lydia I. Putnam 

74 Aug. 15, Anna Andrews 

52 Aug. 29, Wilson Thorndike 

53 (at Mr. Gould's) 

74 Sept. 5, Elsie M. Kidder 

80 Sept. 17, Phineas Collier 

18 Sept. 29, Luciuda Rand 

83 Oct. 29, Betsey F. Hadley 


76 April 22, Jane W. Ames 

78 July 21, John Kiellen 
49 Jly Io Eliza A. Parker 

63 Aug. 31, Eliza Cummings 
58 Nov. 13, Harriett Russell 
81 Dec. 8, Julia A. Hill 


64 Nov. 14, Esther P. Tarbell 
37 Nov. 23, Thomas Carter 

79 Nov. 24, Humphrey N. Gould 
67 Dec. 9, Walter R. Stearns 

84 Dec. 14, Eva E. Brooks 

66 Dec. 18, Aurelia C. Parker 




Aug. 2, Elsie M. Sargent 
Aug. 8, Hattie D. Murdo 
Oct. 23, David A. Whittier 
Dec. 28, Levi P. Hadley 









2 7 




29 June 13, Joseph E. Foster 57 

35 Aug. 18, George Rose 66 

77 Oct. 12, Washington Cummings 81 

86 Nov. 16, Jonathan Stephen son 96 

67 Nov. 22, Sarah A. Foster 69 

63 Nov. 24, Laura A. Carson 51 

75 Dec. 17, Maria E. Russell 75 


Jan. i, Mark E. Morse 
Jan. 18, Charles R. Boutwell 
Jan. 23, Addie C. Morse 
Jan. 24, Catherine Kendall 


Feb. 20, Betsey A. Wheeler 
Feb. 22, George S. McAllister 
March 2, Eliphalet J. Hardy 
March 17, William T. Bowen 
April 28, Mary T. Wheeler 

[at Wilton] 
May 10, Phebe M. Patch 


60 June 4, Edwin Swasey 89 

57 June 20, Minerva Duncklee 78.4 

24.3 July 20, Elizabeth Rebecca 

Woodward [at Concord] 45 
102.8 Aug. n, John E. Bachelder 66 

75 Aug. 26, George E. Swasey 47.1 

82 Oct. 2, Allen B. Andrews 53.8 

74 [At Francestown] 

34.3 Oct. 16, Nelson S. Cram 37 

68.9 [At Goffstown] 

Nov. 14, Sarah D. Rand 76.10 





J-a. <urv 


We wish to acknowledge the valuable aid in the compiling of 
these ' ' family registers, ' ' as well as other contributions to this 
history, which we have received from the papers of John H. 
Goodrich, Esq. No other family in town is so rich in old records 
and papers pertaining to the early history of L,yndeborough as 
the Goodrich family. To these papers we have had free access. 

In our desire and search for dates of births, deaths and mar- 
riages, we have been received with unvarying patience, kind- 
ness and courtesy by the people of the town. Doubtless we 
have been something of a " bore " at times, but almost every 
one seemed willing to help the cause along. 

The Cram family registers were obtained through the enter- 
prise of Mr. lyUther Cram. They were revised by Rev. Mr. 
Donovan. All we had to do with them was to copy the papers 
and change their form to correspond with that adopted for this 

Many of the families of the early settlers have been extinct in 
town for fifty or more years, and in many instances it was only 
after much correspondence with town clerks and postmasters 
that we were able to get any trace of their descendants. Some- 
times we were able to secure a good record, in other cases a very 
imperfect one. 

Some families now living in town depend on memory for all 
dates, or, in other words, they carry their family record in their 
heads. Sometimes the dates in the family Bible do not agree 
with those in the town records. In such cases the family Bible 
has been assumed to be correct. 

Some of the family registers have been revised and rewritten 
a number of times. Changes had to be made each year in the 
progress of the work. Under such circumstances the writer is 
willing to confess that he expects errors will be found. 

Nothing in the foregoing, however, is to be construed as an 
apology. Where one has done the best he could, apologies are 
not in order. 

Some have expended time and pains in helping the writer to 
secure good records of their own and other families. To all 
such we extend our heartfelt thanks. 


As the names of families are arranged in alphabetical order, 
no index is necessary. 

The plus sign (+) after a name indicates that the name will 
appear again. Other abbreviations used are : b. for born, d. 
for died, gen. for genealogy, m. for married, rem. for removed, 
and res. for resides or resided. 




JEREMIAH ABBOTT, married Susan Baldwin. They were the first 
of the family to come to I/yndeborough. Children : 

1. JONAS, -|- 

2. WlUJAM, -f- 

JONAS ABBOTT, born April 22, 1781 ; married Betsey Parker of Car- 
lyle, Mass., Jan. 15, 1807. She was born Sept. 27, 1781 ; died Dec. 8, 
1857. He died Sept. n, 1839. He came to I/yndeborough from Ch elms- 
ford, Mass., in 1809, and settled on the farm where Charles Parker after- 
ward lived. Children, all born in Lyndeborough but eldest : 

1. EUZA, b. in Chelmsford, Mass., May 12, 1808, m. William 

Terrin of Boston, March 14, 1832, res. in Francestown, 
N. H., d. June 22, 1890. 

2. JONAS P., b. in Lyndeborough, Aug. 27, 1809, m. Ann Cass 

of New Chester, N. H., April 9, 1837, d. July 18, 1867. 

3. MARY A., b. March 30, 1811, m. Ithamar Wright of Little- 

ton, Mass., June 19, 1841. He was b. April 10, 1809, d. 
May 15, 1848. 

4. RACHEI, P., b. Dec. u, 1812, m. Manley Kidder of Lynde- 

borough. (See Kidder gen.) 

5. JEREMIAH, b. April 3, 1815, d. Oct. 30, 1820. 

6. HANNAH W., b. Sept. 2, 1817, m. Sewell N. Watson of Fay- 

ette, Me. Nov. 24, 1858. He was b. Aug. 8, 1808, d. Aug. 
26, 1886. 

7. PRUDENCE, b. Sept. 2, 1819, m. Morris Frye of Landsgrove, 

Vt., May 23, 1842. He was b. May 21, 1818, d. April 4, 

8. HEZEKIAH, b. April 26, 1822, m. Annett Robins of Milford, 

June i, 1858, d. Jan. n, 1890. 

9. WIUJAM, b. June 30, 1825, d. July 30, 1858. 

10. EMH<Y, b. Nov. 21, 1827, m. Charles L. Avery. (See 
Avery gen.) 

11. SUSAN, b. May 5, 1829, d. Aug. 18, 1830. 

WILUAM ABBOTT, born Nov. 3, 1787; married Eunice, daughter of 
Uriah and Eunice (Ellingwood) Cram. She was born Aug. 31, I7 86 1 died 
Feb. 29, 1868. He died Jan. 14, 1824. He lived in a house that used to 
stand on land southeast of the Lucas place, and not far away from that 
farm. Nothing but a cellar hole remains there now. Children : 


1. lyYDiA C., b. June 5, 1809, m. David Carkin. (See Carkin 


2. WILLIAM B., -}- 

3. ABIGAIL C., b. Jan. 26, 1814, m. first, James Marshall, m. 

second, Capt. Israel Putnam. 

4. CHARLES D., b. March 31, 1817, d. March 28, 1854. 

5. HENRY N., b. Feb. 16, 1820, d. May 14, 1859. He was 

sometimes known as Major Abbott, and died of accidental 
gunshot wound in right arm. 

6. CALVIN A., -f- 

WILLIAM B. ABBOTT, son of William and Eunice (Cram) Abbott; 
born June 28, 1811; married Nancy (Brown) Boutwell. He died in De- 
cember, 1862. 

CALVIN A. ABBOTT, son of William and Eunice (Cram) Abbott; boru 
May 5, 1824 ; married Mary J. Boutwell ; he died Oct. 23, 1868. Children: 

1. EUNICE A., b. Oct. 26, 1854. 

2. FRANK D., b. Aug. 10, 1856. 

3. WILLIAM H., b. Aug. 31, 1858. 


BENJAMIN B. AMES came to Lyndeborough from Pelham about 1865, 
and settled on a place just south of the Deacon Goodrich place, North 
Lyndeborough. The farm is on the turnpike and was purchased of a Mr. 

Odell. He married first, Barker of Pelham; married second, Jane, 

daughter of David and Miriam (Durant) Butterfield. He died Dec. 8, 
1885. She died April 22, 1900. He was born Jan. 13, 1812. 


DANIEL AMES lived for a time north of the mountain. His first wife 
was Betsey Jaquith of Greenfield. She died March 20, 1864. He married 
second, Mrs. Joanna Morgan of Wilton. He removed to Francestown in 
1860, where he died June 4, 1877. A.t least three children were born at 
Ivyndeborough : 

1. DANIEL, d. Dec. 26, 1856. 

2. HATTIE, d. April 17, 1860. 

3. GEORGE, m. in 1870 Annie Robinson, She d. August, 1873. 

He lived for a time in I/owell, Mass., but owing to poor 
health removed to Oakland, Cal., where he died. He m. a 
second time and left two children by second marriage. 


JOHN ATWOOD, born in Boston Feb. 16, 1693, removed to Bradford, 
Mass., in 1716, where he died. He married Hannah Bond of Haverhill, 
Mass., Oct. 28, 1715 ; she was born 1696. Their fifth child, Joshua, born 
3, 1723, married Mehitable Seavey ; she was born Feb. i, 1727; died 
March 1 1 , 1805. He died July 8, 1809. 


PAUL ATWOOD, i2th child of Joshua and Mehitable (Seavey) At- 
wood, born March 30, 1764; married May 22, 1786, Judith Stickney of 
Pelham, N. H. She was born June 25, 1764 ;. died May 12, 1843. He died 
Oct. 20, 1852. He came to Lyndeborough from Pelham, N. H., and set- 
tled at North Lyndeborough and carried on the business of a currier in a 
shop opposite his house. He was also a farmer. Children : 


2. MARY, b. May 5, 1789, lived at Pelham. 

3. SARAH, b. May 15, 1791, lived at Pelham. 

4. JOSHUA, b. May 3, 1793, d. Sept. 27, 1841. He kept a store 

at North Lyndeborough, was justice of the peace and se- 

5. JOHN, b, June 20, 1795. 

6. DAVID, + 

7. MOSES, -f- 

8. PAMELA, b. Sept. 26, 1803, m. Dea. John C. Goodrich. (See 

Goodrich gen.) 

9. MEHITABLE, b, Nov. 29, 1806. 

ELIPHALET ATWOOD, son of Paul and Judith (Stickney) Atwood ; 
born Jan. 30, 1787 ; married first, Feb. 25, 1813, Sarah Gould of Pelham. 
She was born 1791, died May 10, 1827. Second, Ann Kidder, Jan. 19, 
1828. She was born Aug. 27, 1791 ; died Oct. 8, 1863. He died Dec. 4, 
1851. He lived on the farm where Charles H. Bailey now lives, and died 
there. Children : 

1. AMANDA, b. Feb. 5, 1814. 

2. HORATIO, b. July 4, 1816. 

3. WARREN J., b, Feb. 28, 1819. 

DAVID ATWOOD, son of Paul and Judith (Stickney) Atwood, born 
July 22, 1798, married first, Nov. 5, 1822, Martha Campbell. She was 
born Dec. 10, 1800 ; died Sept. 14, 1853. Married second, May 5, 1856, 
Prudentia B. Oilman, of Lowell, Mass. She was born Feb. 8, 1821 ; died 
June 30, 1885. He died at Francestown Oct. 2, 1874. He carried on the 
Town Farm in Lyndeborough the first year after it was bought by the 
town. He later removed to Francestown. Child born in Lyndborough : 

i. AARON HARDY, b. Dec. 2, 1823, d. Nov. 29, 1863. Was 
a physician at N. L/yndeborough and later at Manchester. 
He d. at Jetersville, Va., during the Civil War. 

DR. MOSES ATWOOD, son of Paul and Judith (Stickney) Atwood, 
born April 6, 1801 ; married first, Nov. 24, 1835, Mary Lewis, of Frances- 
town. She was born July i, 1808; died June 21, 1844; married second, 
May 5, 1846, Julia Ann .Chickering of Amherst. She was born August 28, 
1815 ; died Feb. 4, 1889. He died in New Boston, April 28, 1850. Dr. 
Atwood studied medicine with Dr. Israel Herrick of Lyndeborough, and 
Dr. Luther Farley of Francestown. He began the practice of medicine 


at North Lyndeborough in 1827. Until 1841 he practiced allopathy ; in 
that year he commenced study with Dr. Samuel Gregg, of Boston, and 
was the first American to practice homeopathy in New Hampshire and 
the tenth in New England. As a physician he ranked high and was 
much esteemed for the many excellencies of his character. One son, 
Luther Farley Atwood of Francestown. 


CHARLES L. AVERY, son of Solomon and Lavina (Morse) Avery, 
born at Lowell, Mass., April 12, 1836; m. Dec. 8, 1858, Emily, daughter of 
Jonas and Betsey (Parker) Abbott. She was born Nov. 21, 1827. Solo- 
mon D. Avery and Lavina (Morse) Avery, his wife, were long residents 
of Francestown and both died there. Charles L. came to Lyndeborough 
about 1858 and bought the Jonas Abbott farm, North Lyndeborough, 
where he has since lived. Child : 

i. HENRY F., b. Feb. 14, 1860, m. Jan. 15, 1891, Mrs. Etta 
N. Adams, daughter of George and Elvira (Hutchinson) 
W bitfield and widow of Henry D. Adams. Sbe was b. 
April 10, 1862. 


Capt. Nathaniel Bachelder was a Revolutionary soldier and was the 
first settler on the land since known as the Paige Spalding place, north 
of the mountain. But little is known of his family record. He had one 
son, Ward C. Bachelder, who was choked to death by a piece of meat he 
was trying to eat. This happened at Merrimack in March, 1795. He 
had gone there to bring the household goods of some one moving to 
Lyndeborough. The town records contain nothing about the family of 
Nathaniel. He was buried in the Whittemore burial place, North Lynde- 
borough. The headstone has been broken by vandal hands into small 
fragments, but by piecing them together it was learned that he was 
born in 1721 and died in 1784. Evidence tends to show that Joseph 
Bachelder, who had a large family of children born in Lyndeborough, 
was a brother of Capt. Nathaniel. 

JOSEPH BACHELDER. Children of Joseph Bachelder and Sarah, 
his wife : 

1. JOSEPH, b. Feb. 22, 1770. 

2. NATHANIEL, b. Jan. 10, 1772. 

3. ISAAC, b. Oct. 8, 1774, d. Jan. n, 1775. 

4. ANNA, b. Sept. 30, 1775, d. Jan. 22, 1777. 

5. ISAAC Z , b. March i, 1779. 

6. ALPHAS, b. Aug. 7, 1781. 

7. ABIGAIL, b. Nov'. 2, 1783. 

8. SARAH, b. Feb. 9, 1785. 

9. WILLIAM, b. July 15, 1788. 



But little can be found of the record of the Badger family. The story 
of John Badger, the early settler of Salem-Canada, is pretty fully 
told in a preceding chapter. His son David was the first settler on the 
land now owned by James H. Karr, and Badger Pond received its name 
from him. He was a deacon in the Congregational church. Stephen 
Badger, his son, transferred his property to the town and made his 
home at the town farm, where he died. Robert Badger was the first 
settler on the farm now owned by Harry J. Richardson. The family has 
been extinct in town for some years, but they are to be noted as the first 
settlers on the land north of the pond. The two brothers settled here as 
early as 1760. 

DEA. DAVID BADGER, son of John and Mary (McFarland) Badger; 
married Rachel . He died May 15, 1783. Children : 

1. JOHN, b. Oct. 7, 1764. 

2. DAVID, b. May 28, 1766, rera. to Conway about 1825, m. 

Harriet Clemmons. 

3. L,YDiA, b. Sept. 3, 1767. 

4. STEPHEN, b. March. 20, 1769, m. . Child: Mary, b. 

Oct. 21, 1821, m. Abram Boutwell. 

5. HANNAH, b. Dec. 19, 1770, m. Ephraim Woodward. (See 

Woodward gen.) 

6. SARAH, b. Aug. 19, 1772, d. March 30, 1863, aged 90 years. 

7. ANNA, b. Oct. 27, 1774, m. - - Day, rem. to Otsego, N.Y., 

d. in 1857. 

8. DANIEL, b. Juhy 21, 1776. 

9. JOSEPH, b. Feb. i, 1778. 

10. RUFUS, b. July 3, 1780, m. Olive Fuller. 

ROBERT BADGER, son of John and Mary (McFarland) Badger; mar- 
ried Hannah . He died March i, 1792. Children: 

1. ELIZABETH, b. Sept. 7, 1763. 

2. RUTH, b. Dec. 25, 1765. 

3. ELIPHALET, b. Jan. 20, 1768, m. Huldah . One child 

recorded: Eliphalet, b. Oct. 23, 1796. 

4. MARY, b. June 7, 1771. 

5. RACHEL, b. Aug. 19, 1772. 

6. ROBERT, b. April 19, 1775. 

7. REBECCA, b. March 10, 1777. 

8. IRENE, b. Jan. 20, 1781. 


SAMUEL P. BADGER, son of Robert and Hannah, born May 26, 

1783 ; married . Children : 

i. & 2. ROXANNA and HANNAH (twins), b. Jan. 20, 1809. 


3. MARY, b. Oct. 28, 1810. 

4. ROBERT, b. Oct. 25, 1812. 

5. HUGH, b. Oct. 25, 1814. 

6. ELIZA, b. Dec. 4, 1815. 

7. SAMUEL P., b. Feb. 18, 1819. 

8. SARAH J., b. Aug. 23, 1821. 


LEVI P. BAILEY was the son of Solomon and Betsey (Abercrombie) 
Bailey of Jay, Vt. He was born Jan. 21, 1819, at Jay ; married, Dec. 18, 
1840, Hannah, daughter of Jacob and Lydia (Senter) Morse. She was 
born at Francestown, Feb. i, 1817. He died April i, 1895. He was a 
stone mason by trade and lived at times in Francestown, Mont Vernon, 
Wilton, wherever his work called him. He lived on the Osborne place, 
North Lyndeborough, and died there. Children : 

1. WILLIAM, b. at Mason, July 4, 1841, d. at Wilton, Jan. 1.9, 

1883. He was a soldier in the Civil War. (See Chap. X.) 

2. MARCUS M., b. at Bedford, Oct. 14, 1842, m. April 18, 1868, 

Nellie M. Thompson of Antrim. Was a soldier in the Civil 
War. ( See Chap. X.) 

3. CHARLES H., -f- 

4. AMANDA R., b. at Lowell, March 31, 1847, m. July 28, 1869, 

Richard C. Woodward of Francestown. 

5. ALONZO P., b. at West Newton, Mass., Feb. 15, 1849, m. 

Sept. n, 1875, Sarah J. Woodward of Francestown. 

6. HIRAM S., b. at Nashua, April 15, 1851, m. March 27, 1875, 

Mary J. Woodward of Francestown. Children: Fred H., 
b. at Lyndeborough, Aug. 19, 1875, Walter S., b. at An- 
trim, Nov. 14, 1876. 

7. LEVI E-, b. at Lawrence, Mass., Aug. 3, 1855, m. Dec. 16, 

1882, Mary J. Manahan of Francestown. 

CHARLES H. BAILEY, son of Levi P. and Hannah (Morse) Bailey; 
born at Lowell, Mass., Dec., 1844; married Sept. 18, 1869, Abby Quint of 
Great Falls. He was a soldier in the Civil War, serving with the Lafay- 
ette Artillery at Portsmouth. Child : 

i. CHARLES A., + 

CHARLES A. BAILEY, son of Charles H. and Abbie (Quint) Bailey; 
born at Wilton, Nov. 26, 1869; married, Nov. 27, 1894, Susie, daughter of 
George R. and Olive M. (Lovejoy) Barnes. She was born Nov. 26, 1876. 

1. GOLDIE, b. March 13, 1895, d- Sept. 29, 1895. 

2. GUY B., b. March 22, 1896. 

3. CHARLES A., b. June 15, 1898. 

4. ELWIN G., b. April 27, 1902. 

Many of the Bailey family were good musicians. 



JOHN J. BALCH, born June 27, 1804 ; married Abigail Mudgett of 
Weare, who was born May 14, 1810. Mr. Balch died of pneumonia, 
March 10, 1879. His wife, surviving a few days, died of the same disease, 
March 16, 1879. He came to Lyndeborough from Weare in 1862. Chil- 
dren : 

1. JOHN W., b. Sept. 10, 1828, d. March 4, 1879. 

2. MOSES M., b. Sept. n, 1831, m. Harriet E. Stiles, res. in 

New Ipswich. 

3. MARY E., b. July 17, 1842, m. David G. Dickey. (See 

Dickey gen.) 


AMOS W. BARDEN, son of Jonas and Betsey (Whitney) Barden ; born 
Jan. 5, 1848 ; married Nov. 30, 1879, Emma S., daughter of George B. and 
Mary J. (Clark) Woodward of Francestown. She was born June 6, 1851 ; 
settled on the Ordway place on the mountain ; later removed to South 


GEORGE R. BARNES, son of Daniel H. and Sarah (Damon) Barnes ; 
born Dec. 12, 1837 ; married April i, 1865, Olive, daughter of James M. 
and Louisa (Vanscoyt) Lovejoy. She was born Dec. 7, 1846, in Clinton, 
Ind. He was born at North Chelmsford, Mass., and came to Lyndebor- 
ough in 1875, and bought the Twitchell place, North Lyndeborough, re- 
moving thence in 1886 to the Parker Hotel stand on the turnpike, where 
he has since lived. Mr. and Mrs. Barnes have been in demand as musi- 
cians. Children : 

1. MINNIE B., b. Jan. 3, 1866, m. Lester B. Walton of Danvers, 


2. ROBERT E., b. March 15, 1867, m. Adaline Havens of 

Moodus, Conn., res. at Hartford, Conn. 

3. GEORGE A., b. Nov. i, 1869, m. Hattie Ardell of Wakefield, 

Mass., res. at Lynn, Mass. 

4. SUSIE, b. Nov. 26, 1876, at Lyndeborough, m. Charles A. 

Bailey. (See Bailey gen.) 


CAPT. WILLIAM BARRON. It is to be regretted that more is not 
known of the ancestry of Capt. William Barren. He was probably the 
first settler on the land now owned by Frank B. Tay. He kept a tavern 
there just before and during the Revolutionary War, which tavern was 
the meeting place of the business men of the town, where they discussed 
over a mug of "flip" the various enterprises and political affairs of the 
community. He was chosen deacon of the church, and his name appea 
very frequently in the old records and papers of his time. He was a Rev- 


olutionary soldier, and was much interested in the up-building of the 
town. His wife, Olive Johnson, may have been a relative of the John- 
sons of Johnson Corner ; but of that there is no record. 

Capt. William Barren, born 1737 ; married Olive Johnson ; she died 
May 23, 1815; he died Aug. 28, 1805. Children: 

1. OLIVE, b. Feb. 17, 1765, m. Nov. 30, 1784, John, son of Dea. 

Ephraim and Sarah (Cram) Putnam. (See Putnam gen.) 

2. RUTH, b. May 23, 1768. 

3. SARAH, b. May 24, 1771, m. Dec. 20, 1787, William Clark 

of L/yndeborough. (See Clark gen.) 

4. JONATHAN, b. Mar. 27, 1774, drowned in Badger Pond 

Thanksgiving Day, Nov. 21, 1793. 

5. L/UCY, b. June 23, 1781, m. Thomas Boardman. 

Transcripts from town records : 
ELIZABETH, dau. of Micah Barron and Elizabeth his wife, b. 

Nov. 17, 1783. 

WILLIAM, son of do., b. Sept. 28, 1785, d. Aug. 8, 1786. 
WILLIAM, son of do., b. June 23, 1787. 

ALICE, dau. of Nathan Barron and Alice his wife, b. Aug. 2, 

1774, d. Aug. 18, 1777. 

NATHAN, son of do., b. June 14, 1776. 

NATHAN BARRON died May 12, 1777. Micah and Nathan are pre- 
sumably brothers of Capt. William Barron. Nathan's widow Alice 
afterward married Capt. Jonas Kidder. 


JACOB BATCHELDER came to Lyndeborough from Reading, Mass. 
His wife was Nabby Thompson of Reading. He died in 1814. Children: 

1. JACOB, -f- 

2. EMERSON, -f- 

JACOB BATCHELDER, son of Jacob and Nabby (Thompson) Batch- 
elder, born at Townsend, Mass., in 1806 ; married Almira Smith of Wal- 
tham, Mass. She was born July 28, 1807, and died Jan. 25, 1888. He 
died Dec. 5, 1880. Children, born at Waltham, Mass.: 

1. ELEANOR, b. 1835. 

2. EMILY, b. Nov. 29, 1839. 

3. ADDIE, 

4. CHARLES, d. Nov. 15, 1880. 

EMERSON BATCHELDER, son of Jacob and Nabby (Thompson) 
Batchelder, born in Townsend, Mass., March i, 1808 ; married first, Cath- 
erine Smith of Amherst. She died Feb. 9, 1839 ; married second, Han- 
nah, daughter of John and Ruth (Southwick) Proctor. She was born 
Feb. 7, 1808 ; died Jan. 7, 1887. He died July 22, 1880. Children by first 
wife : 


1. JOHN E., + 

2. CATHERINE, born Oct. 17, 1838, m. Jan. 3, 1859, Alfred Sav- 

age .of Greenfield. She died July, 1866. 

Child: Emma M., b. March 14, 1860, d. Dec. i, 1873. 
Child by second wife : 

4. HENRY M., b. May 9, 1844. Disappeared, and nothing is 
known of him here. 

JOHN E. BATCHELDER, son of Emerson and Catherine (Smith) 
Batchelder ; born June 14, 1836 ; married May 29, 1864, Lucy A. Baker of 
Damariscotta, Me. She was born Aug. 22, 1840 ; died Feb. 8, 1885 ; mar- 
ried second, Mrs. Sarah M. Moore of Warwick, Me., April 3, 1888. She 
was born Oct. 18, 1839. He died Aug. n, 1904. Mr. Batchelder resided 
in " Perham Corner," and was a well known fruit grower, making a spec- 
ialty of grapes, although he raised large quantities of berries and apples. 
He was an energetic, prosperous farmer. He never aspired to public 
office, but was highly respected and esteemed in the town. Children by 
first wife : 

i. GEORGE E., b. in Susanville, Cal., Sept. 8, 1865. 

2. CARRIE L/., b. in Susanville, Cal., Sept. 20, 1867, m. Oct. 8, 

1889, Edwin M. Parker of Milford. 

3. CHARLES J., -+- 

CHARLES J. BATCHELDER. son of John E. and Lucy (Baker) 
Batchelder; born July 17, 1877 ; married Jan. 25, 1899, Nellie M., daugh- 
ter of Freeman and Annie (Hutchinson) Bugbee. Children : 
i and 2. DONALD and DOROTHY F., b. Sept. 28, 1903. 


ROBERT W. BELL, married Abby L. F., daughter of William B. and 
Ann (Boutwell) Raymond, Sept. 17, 1870. She was born March 3, 1852; 
died Aug. 30, 1875. Children : 

1. WILLIE E., b. July 13, 1871 ; died March 4, 1884. 

2. LIZZIE A., b. March 3, 1875, m. George D. Long. (See 

Lyong gen.) 


FRANK J. BISHOP, born in Stoddard Jan. 14, 1856; married Ida B., 
daughter of Joseph A. and Mary L. (Stephenson) Johnson, May 14, 1877. 
She was born July 4, 1859. Children, born in Lyndeborough : 

1. CARL J., b. Aug. 4, 1884. 

2. RAY P., b. April 3, 1889. 


OLIVER BIXBY, sou of Thomas and Rebecca (Holmes) Bixby, born 
March 27, 1796 ; married first, Abigail, daughter of David and Mary C. 
(Jones) Farrington, Nov. 13, 1823. She was born March 21, 1803, and 


died Feb. 12, 1838 ; second, Huldah Farrington, Nov. 13, 1839. She was 
a sister of his first wife and was born Dec. 18, 1811, and died June 2, 1884. 
He died at Hillsborough, Feb. 27, 1879. 

Thomas, the father of Oliver, was the youngest of four brothers, all of 
whom settled in Francestown. In the war of the Revolution he was a 
lieutenant in Capt. Carson's company, and was at the Battle of Bunker 
Hill, and afterward endured the suffering and privation of Valley Forge. 
He was twice married, and Oliver was the seventh child of the first mar- 
riage. He was born at Francestown, but came to Lyndeborough when 
quite a young man, and soon thereafter bought the place at the Centre 
known since as the Bixby place, where Edward Warren now lives. He 
was postmaster for some years, and also kept the village store. He was 
a farmer and general trader, and was much esteemed for his unfailing 
good humor and genial ways. He removed to Hillsborough, where he 
died. Children by first wife, all born at Lyndeborough : 

1. MARY J., b. Aug. 23, 1824, d. Aug. 21, 1835, at Amherst. 

2. DAVID F., b. Aug. i, 1826, d. in 1856 at Surinam, S. A. 

3. AUGUSTA, b. Sept. 30, 1827, m. Sidney Gage of Wilton, d. 

Nov. 17, 1890, at Nashua. 

4. THOMAS, b. Dec. 14, 1829, d. Oct. 19, 1849, at New Orleans, 


5. OLIVER H., b. June 29, 1837, m. Sarah E. Clement of War- 

ren, N. H., d. Dec. 19, 1897, at Boston. 
Children by second wife, born in Lyndeborough : 

6. L/EVI W., b. March 22, 1845, m. L/ydia A. Burtt of Hillsbor- 

ough, Dec. 17, 1877, d. at Hillsborough, May i, 1893. 
Children : Helen A. and Caroline C., b. at Hillsborough. 

7. MARY C., b. June 23, 1849, res. at Hillsborough. 

8. HARRY A., b. June 12, 1851, d. Feb. 26, 1852. 


LIEUT. JOTHAM BLANCHARD, the ancestor of one of the Blanchard 
families in Lyndeborough, came from Billerica, Mass., and settled in 
that part of the town now known as Perham Corner. He was born in 
1751 and probably came here soon after the Revolutionary War. He 

married Abigail and doubtless two of his sons came here with 

him, Asa and Jotham, Jr. The family all owned farms in the above- 
named section of the town. Lieut. Jotham died Feb. 16, 1832 ; Abigail, 
his wife, died July 30, 1818. She was born in 1756. 

ASA BLANCHARD, son of Lieut. Jotham and Abigail Blanchard, 
born 1776; married Sybil Pierce of Wilmington, Mass. She was born 
1775, and died at Lyndeborough Oct. 15, 1815. He died March 17, 1810. 
Children born at Lyndeborough : 

1. ASA, -f- 

2. ANN, b. April i, 1803, m. March 29, 1825, Rufus Crosby of 

Billerica, Mass. They removed to Milford, where she died 


March 19, 1879. They had seven children, the eldest of 
whom, Mary Ann, m. William W. Howard. 

3. BRADLEY, b. May 6, 1805, m. first, Almira Stearns. She 

d. Feb. 28, 1827, m. second, Mary M. Bowers of Concord, 
Mass. He d. at Milford, Oct. 15, 1893. They had seven 

4. MARY, b. April 15, 1807, m. Jacob Woodward. (See Wood- 

ward gen.) 

5. SYBIL P., b. 1811, d. Oct. 8, 1884, unmarried. 

ASA BLANCHARD, son of Asa and Sybil (Pierce) Blanchard, born 
April 3, 1801; married April 20, 1826, Elizabeth Goodwin, born March 4, 
1802 ; died March 2, 1893. He died Sept. 6, 1845. Children born at 
Lyndeborough : 

1. ELMIRA, b, March 3, 1827, m. March 21, 1847, Frank 


2. ELIZABETH, b. Sept. 19, 1829, m. Charles G. Hatch. (See 

Hatch gen.) 

3. ASA, b. Aug. 14, 1831, m. Mary R. Spaulding of Wilton, 

He d. June 8, 1874. 

4. MARY ANN, b. Jan. 5, 1835, m. Nov. 26, 1857, Rufus P. 

Chase of Newburyport, Mass. He was b. April i, 1835, 
d. Dec. 7, 1876. Children: Lilly F., b. at Worcester, 
Mass., March 25, 1860, d. Dec. 9, 1864; Frank M., b. at 
Worcester, Mass., Jan. 25, 1862, d. Aug. 2, 1863; Harry 
R., b. at Worcester, Mass., Nov. 3, 1865 ; Homer F., b. at 
Worcester, Mass., Aug. 9, 1869. 

5. SYBIL P., b. Oct. 6, 1838, m. George W. Parker of Lynde- 

borough. (See Parker gen.) 

6. CAROLINE, b. Jan. 26, 1840, m. Dec. 26, 1862, George Jen- 

nison, of Worcester, Mass. 

7. ELIZA J., b. Nov. 22, 1843, m. Feb. 26, 1878, Gilbert A. 

Heald of Milford. 

JOTHAM BLANCHARD, son of Lieut. Jotham and Abigail Blanchard, 
born 1774; married Amy Smith, born 1784; died Feb. 21, 1868. He died 
Jan. 21, 1847. Children born at Lyndeborough : 

1. DANIEL, b. July 15, 1798. 

2. LUCINDA, b. Sept. n, 1800, m. Daniel Holt of Milford. 

3. CHARLES, b. March 13, 1803. 

4. FREDERICK, b. Oct. 8, 1805. 

5. CYRUS, b. Nov. 3, 1808. 

6. JOTHAM, b. April 19, 1811. 

7. ASA, b. June 12, 1813. 



The immigrant ancestor of the Blanchard family of America was of 
Huguenot extraction. 

Amaziah Blanchard, son of Simon and Catharine Wyman Blanchard, 
was born at Milford, Nov. 27, 1782; married Aug. 26, 1807, Mary Damon 
of Amherst. She was born Sept. 10, 1785. He came to Lyndeborough in 
1811, and bought the place where Asher Curtis now lives. He ran in 
debt for the whole of the purchase price, which was considered in those 
days a rather hazardous venture. He used to make molasses hogsheads, 
and haul them to Boston, sixty miles, with an ox team, sell them and re- 
turn, with the fear of robbers always present, if his journey kept him on 
the road after nightfall, especially, as the notorious Stephen Burroughs 
sometimes invaded the lonely road between Milford and Nashua. How- 
ever, the times improved after the War of 1812, and he paid for his 
farm. Children : 

1. CALVIN, b. Sept. 4, 1808, + 

2. EDWIN A., b. March 14, 1811. 

3. ANNA D., b. June 9, 1813. 

4. SOPHIA N., b. Feb. 4, 1817, -j- 

5. HARRIET N., b. March 4. 1819. 

6. RUFUS, b. March 7, 1821, -f- 

7. FRANCES, b. Sept. 22, 1823. 

RUFUS BLANCHARD, son of Amaziah and Mary (Damon) Blanchard, 
was a man of considerable literary ability, as was also Calvin. Rufus re- 
moved to the west, settling in Chicago, 111., where he died in 1902 or 
1903. He was the author of the following maps and books : " The His- 
torical Map of the United States " ; a book entitled " The Discovery and 
Conquests of the Northwest, with a History of Chicago " ; a romance in 
verse entitled, " Abraham Lincoln The Type of American Genius " ; 
" History of the State of Illinois " ; " Rise and Fall of Political Parties in 
the United States" ; " The Historical Geography of North America " ; a 
romance, now in manuscript not yet published, descriptive of American 

CALVIN BLANCHARD, his brother, wrote the "Life of Thomas 
Payne," and a book entitled "The Science of Religion." He was also 
author of several pamphlets on " Natural Religion." He published the 
works of Thomas Payne, "Volney," part of Voltaire's works, Stearns' 
" Life of Jesus," and a large number of books on similar subjects. He 
was a leading member of the " Payne Society " in New York, and an in- 
timate friend of Horace Greeley, the two having been journeyman print- 
ers together. 

SOPHIA BLANCHARD OLSEN was the author of a poem written on 
the great Chicago fire of 1871, which was highly esteemed by literary 
critics. She also wrote several other pamphlets, and was a contributor 
to various magazines and newspapers. 

JOSEPH BLANCHARD, son of Luther and Mary (Kinson) Blanchard, 
born in Milford, Nov. 16, 1829 I married Oct. 28, 1852, Rhoda, daughter of 


Nathan and Sally (Draper) Fish. She was born Jan. 15, 1835. He came 
to Lyndeborough in 1856 ; resides in South Lyndeborough ; has taken 
great interest in military matters, and was captain of the Lafayette Ar- 
tillery from 1894 to 1896. (See Chap. VIII.) Children : 

1. FRANCENIA, b. in Wilton Aug. 13, 1853, d. July 2, 1858. 

2. SARAH A., b. in Temple Jan. 21, 1856. 

3. CARRIE F., b. in Lyndeborough Aug. i, 1862, m. Oct. 26, 

1881, Adna A. Page of Lebanon, res. in Woburn, Mass. 

4. ELMER J., b. June 14, 1876, m. Feb. 14, 1900, Ella M., dau. 

of ; Daniel A. and Mary M. (Hoyt) Colby of Francestown. 
She was b. Sept. 6, 1874. 


CAPTAIN WILLIAM BLANEY. Among the early comers to Lynde- 
borough was William Blaney and Ruth S., his wife. He is said to have 
been a sea captain, and was probably a relative of Maj. Joseph Blaney, 
one of the original proprietors. Children : 

1. WILLIAM, b. April 18, 1773. 

2. CHRISTOPHER, b. Feb. 27, 1776. 

3. STEPHEN, b. 1786. 

4. BETHIA, b. 1789. 

5. SUSANNA, b. 1790. 

6. GRACE, b. 1794. 

7. NANCY, b. Nov. 8, 1797. 


The name was Boreman in England and originated from the knight 
who came into England from Normandy with William the Conqueror in 
1066. He had lost a hand and had in its place a wooden substitute. His 
name was William and he was called William la de Bois de Main (sic) or 
William of the Wooden Hand. The name became in time Boreman and 
thence Boardman. Thomas Boardman was a descendant of William Bore- 
man of Banbury, England. He came to Lyndeborough in 1750. 

THOMAS BOARDMAN was born 1749; died Dec. 10, 1836. He mar- 
ried first, Ann Noyes of Newburyport, Mass.; second, Hannah Brown, 
who was born 1748, and died Aug. 12, 1818. Thomas Boardman came to 
Lyndeborough from Ipswich, Mass., aud settled on the farm now owned 
by Erwin D. Wilder. Children : 

1. HANNAH, b. June 29, 1776, m. in 1798, Aaron Lewis. (See 

Lewis gen.) 

2. THOMAS, + 

3. DANIEL N., -f- 

4. JOHN, b. 1780, d. in Francestown, Nov. 25, 1810. 

THOMAS BOARDMAN, son of Thomas and Hannah (Brown) Board- 
man ; married Lucy, daughter of William and Olive Barren, born June 23, 
1781. She died Oct. 20, 1857. Children : 


1. JOHN, d. in infancy. 

2. MICAH BARRON, b. Dec. 21, 1806, rein, to Frances- 


3. FRANCIS, b. Nov. 10, 1811, m. in 1831, Sarah E., dau. of 

the Rev. Moses Bradford of Francestown. 

4. L/UCY, b. Nov. 28, 1817, m. John Huntington. 

5. SARAH, b. March 27, 1820, m. John H. Patch of Frances- 

town, d. at Webster, Mass., Feb. 4, 1883. 

DANIEL N. BOARDMAN, son of Thomas and Hannah (Brown) Board- 
man, born Feb. 7, 1792; married first, Abigail Fuller of Francestown, 
Oct. 10, 1817. She was born April 28, 1795, and died Dec. 7, 1818; mar- 
ried second, Jan. 24, 1822, Olive, daughter of Oliver and Hannah (Marshall) 
Whiting. She was born Jan . 24, 1800. She was married twice after the 
death of Mr. Boardman, first to Abner Pettee of Francestown ; second, 
Samuel Dennis of Jasper, N. Y. She died Sept. 16, 1860. Daniel N. Board- 
man died July 2, 1849. He was a man who had great influence in town 
affairs in his day, and held many offices of trust, and it is said fulfilled 
their duties with fidelity and honesty. He lived where Erwin D. Wilder 
lives now. He was representative to the General Court in 1840 and 1841, 
and was selectman for nine years. Children : 

1. ABIGAIL,, b. March 3, 1823, m. Frank B. Dennis, July i, 


2. SON, b. Jan. i, 1825, d. Jan. 2, 1825. 

3. OLIVE, b. Nov. 7, 1825, d. 1826. 

4. DANIEL M., b. July 28, 1827, m. May n, 1859, Mehitable 


5. L/ANGLEY J., b. March 21, 1830, m. first, June 26, 1859, 

Martha Storrs, m. second, July 4, 1878, A. Cochran. She 
was b. Oct. 17, 1848. He removed to Manchester in 1849. 
In 1 86 1 he entered government employ in the South, re- 
maining there four years. He returned to Manchester and 
entered the Amoskeag Mills, where he remained until he 
died, May 10, 1903. 

6. SON, b. Jan. 7, 1833, d. Jan. 7, 1833. 

7. ANSTIS E., b. Oct. 8, 1834, m. June 17, 1859, S. Porter 


8 and 9. TWIN boy and girl died in infancy. 
10. OLIVE A., b. May 3, 1839, m. Oct. 31, 1861, Judson 



MELCHIZEDECK BOFFEE was one of the first settlers of Salem- 
Canada. He came from Londonderry and it is said he first improved 
land on the hill east of David Clark's, but, Jan. 30, 1744, bought 90 acres 


of land where the late David C. Grant lived. With him came his wife, 
Margaret, and two sons, at least, were born to them in town, John and 
Thomas. John and Thomas were soldiers in the Revolutionary Army 
and their story is told in another chapter. Children : 

1. MARY, b. Aug. 29, 1742. 

2. HANNAH, b. May 5, 1745. 

3. THOMAS, -(- 

4. MEHITABLB, b. April 12, 1752. 

5. JOHN, + 

UEUT. THOMAS BOFFEE was born April 10, 1750. His wife, 
Sarah, died Sept. 9, 1772. The town records contain the following: 
"Thomas Spaulding, son of Thomas and Sarah Boffee, born Sept. i, 


JOHN BOFFEE, son of Melchizedeck and Margaret Boffee, born July 
4, 1754 ; married Anna Howard. He died Oct. 6, 1820. Children : 

1. JOHN, b. May 22, 1783, d. Oct. 21, 1802. 

2. SALLY, d. April 26, 1779. 

3. ANNA, d. April 29, 1787. 

4. POLLY, b. Sept. 19, 1790. 

5. BETSEY, b. July 28, 1792, m. Ephraim Kidder. (See Kidder 



CAPT. GEORGE W. BOSWORTH was born at Plympton, Mass., in 
1823. He died at Atnherst, 1902 ; married, March 2, 1847, Amy, daughter 
of Gideon and Amy (Putnam) Cram of Lyndeborough. She was born 
Oct. 9, 1823. He lived at Lyndeborough for a few years, but the latter 
years of his life were passed in Amherst. He was a man of sterling 
quality and had the respect of his associates. For his military record 
see another chapter. Children : 

i. GEORGE W., b. in Milford, Sept. 13, 1848, d. March 27, 

2. AMY F., b. in Lyndeborough, Nov. 23, 1850, d. July 17, 


3. MARY E., b. in Lyndeborough, ^Dec. 29, 1852. 

4. ABBY F., b. in Milford, Jan. 31, 1856. 

5. EMMA H., b. in Milford, Dec. 14, 1861, d. Jan. 18, 1862. 

6. GEORGE N., b. in Milford, Nov. 4, 1866. 

7. GRACE A., b. in Milford, May 28, 1871. 


The name Boutwell is of Huguenot origin, and this family can trace 
its descent to those who left the south of France to escape persecution 
and made England their home. Some of the family emigrated to the 
Massachusetts Colony during the last half of the sixteenth century. 


James Boutwell and Alice, his wife, are common ancestors of all the 
Boutwells of this country. He was made a freeman in 1638, and his will 
is on file among the old Norfolk County records of Salem, Mass. In this 

will he mentions his son, John. John, born 1645, married Hannah , 

and settled in Reading, Mass. He had a son John. This John was born 

Feb. 26, 1669 ; married Sarah , and lived in Reading. He had a son 

John, also. This John was born August i , 1695 ; married Rebecca Knight 
and lived in Wilmington, Mass. He had a son James, who came to 
Lyndeborough. James was of the fifth generation from James, the im- 
migrant ancestor. 

The Boutwell homestead farm is situated on gently rising ground at 
the south end of what is termed the " middle of the town." It was here 
that James Boutwell settled when he came to Salem-Canada or Lynde- 
borough, April 8, 1767. This farm has been in the possession of the 
Boutwell family ever since. There was probably a clearing and perhaps 
a log house there when he bought, but the farm has been theirs practi- 
cally since the settlement of the town. 

The farm buildings were formerly somewhat rambling and discon- 
nected, but when Charles R. Boutwell came into possession, he enlarged 
and remodeled them, and the result is one of the most commodious and 
attractive country residences in this section of the state. Surrounded by 
fertile fields and beautiful shade trees it commands one of the finest 
views of country scenery to be found anywhere. Pinnacle, Winn, Peter- 
borough, Pack Monadnock, and the range of mountains to the south, 
with the intervening valleys, form a fair picture, as seen from this 

But little is known of James Boutwell. Like that of many of the 
early settlers of the town, his history is shrouded in the mist of years. 
He was evidently well received by the settlers of Lyndeborough, for he 
was elected selectman the year after he came to town, and again in 1771. 
He came from Wilmington, Mass., to Amherst, and thence removed to 
Lyndeborough. Probably the three older children were born at Am" 
herst, but they are recorded as born at Lyndeborough, which must be a 
mistake, for these three were born before 1767, the date on which he 
came to Lyndeborough. James Boutwell was born in 1736, and married 
Mary Johnson, presumably of Wilmington, Mass. He died Feb. 6, 1804. 
His descendants have left a large impress on the history of Lyndebor- 
ough, and have carried New England ideas to many remote sections of 
the country. Children: 

1. ASA, b. Feb. n, 1761, m. May 25, 1779, Bridget Pearsons of 

Duxbury School Farm. 

2. MARY, b. Oct. 5, 1763, m. Nov. 16, 1786, Noah L/awrence 

of L/yndeborough. 

3. ABIGAIL, b. Dec. 22, 1766, m. June 4, 1785, Jesse Wood- 

bury of Weare. 

4. JUDITH, b. March 9, 1769, m. April 26, 1787, Moulton 





5. JAMES, b. Sept. 29, 1772, m. March 16, 1790, Deborah 


6. NEHEMIAH, -f- 

7. AUCE, b. June 25, 1776, m. Jan. 28, 1796, Joseph Bachel- 

der of St. Andrews Grove. 

NEHEMIAH BOUTWELL, son of Jaines aud Mary (Johnson) Boutwell, 
born Nov. 20, 1774; married Elizabeth, daughter of Dr. Benjamin and 
Elizabeth (Cleaves) Jones of Lyndeborough, June 28, 1796. She was born 
Dec. 18, 1776 ; died July 3, 1856. He died Oct. 3, 1855. He was an ener- 
getic, stirring, business man, and in addition to carrying on his large 
farm had a potash factory, which stood west of the house, which he 
operated for many years. He must have been something of a mechanic, 
withal, for he made the nails with which to build a new house. He 
owned and operated a tannery, and by strict integrity and attention to 
business acquired a competence. He was moderator of the town meet- 
ings for many years, representative to the general court in 1821 and 
again in 1828 and town treasurer for 19 years. He was drum major in 
the state militia. In the later years of his life he resigned the care of 
the farm to his son, Rodney C. His wife had the misfortune to be nearly 
or quite blind the last years of her life. Children : 

1. NEHEMIAH, b. May 19, 1797, m. Mary Johnson of Hollis. 

2. BETSEY, b. Feb. 8, 1799, m. Jesse Pearsons of Francestown, 

d. Aug. 4, 1873. 

3. BENJAMIN J., b. Feb. 9, 1801, d. May 19, 1807. 


9. NEWTON, -f- 

7. BENJAMIN JONES, b. Jan. 12, 1809, m. Mary Fisher, d. 

Aug. 14, 1836. 


9. JAMES, -+- 

10. MARY ANN, b. April 7, 1816, m. James H. Hall of Brook- 
line, N. H., d. May 8, 1852. 

11. SARAH JONES, b. July 15, 1818, m. Eben Palmer, d. 
Jan. 30, 1841. (See Palmer gen.) 

Nehemiah and Elizabeth (Jones) Boutwell ; born Feb. 4, 1803 ; married 
Oct. n, 1834, Hester Crooks of Fond du Lac, Wis. She died at Still- 
water, Minn., Oct. 15, 1853. He died Oct. n, 1890, at Stillwater, Minn. 
He prepared for college at Hancock and Exeter Academies. Graduated 
at Dartmouth in 1828, and from the Andover Theological Seminary in 
1831. He was ordained at Woburn in 1831, and was sent by the American 
Board as a missionary to the Chippewa Indians at Mackinaw and vicinity. 
He remained with them until 1845, teaching and preaching, and enduring 
the discomforts and privations of a life among such surroundings. He 


removed to Stillwater, Minn., where he was the pioneer home missionary 
of the state, preaching the first sermon ever preached in the state of Min- 
nesota. Most of his children were born in Minnesota, but one, Mary 
Louise, was born at Lyndeborough. Children : 

1. ELIZABETH A., b. August 4, 1835, d. Jan. 17, 1900, m. 

Rollins Parkhurst, 1860. He died May 25, 1879. Chil- 
dren : Leforest, Marie Antoinette. 

2. RAMSEY C., b. May 16, 1837, m. Nov. 20, 1872, Lucy A. 

Clark of Lyndeborough, d. April 24, 1898. 

3. MARY LOUISE, b. Jan. 10, 1840. 

4. WILLIAM T., b. Feb. 6, 1842. 

5. RODNEY C., b. Feb. 26, 1844. 

6 KATHARINE A., b. Oct. 23, 1846. 

7. HESTER C., b. Jan. 2, 1848. 

8. BASIL E., b. Nov. 16, 1850. 

9. CORNELIUS L., b. Nov. 2. 1852. 

CLARK CROMBIE BOUTWELL, son of Nehemiah and Elizabeth 
(Jones) Boutwell, born April 22, 1805 ; married Asenath Bradford of 
Hancock. He early removed to Nashua and soon became prominent in 
the business circles of that city. He was president and director of the 
Wilton railroad corporation, and largely interested in the railroads of the 
state. He was prominent in financial circles and influential in the city 
of his adoption. Children : 

1. HENRY THATCHER, b. Aug. 20, 1844, m. 1872, Helen G. 

Willis of St. Louis. He is a graduate of Harvard, 1866, 
M. D., 1870, and is a physician in Manchester. His chil- 
dren are : John Mason, b. 1874, who is a graduate of 
Harvard, 1897, aQ d is in the government service, U. S., 
Geological Survey, Washington, D. C. ; Alice Bradford, 
b. 1882. 

2. ELLEN A FRANCES, b. March 14, 1847, m. June, 1870, Rev. 

Minot Gage of Cambridge, Mass. Children : Walter Bout- 
well, b. 1872 ; Harold Minot, b. 1874. 

3. LIZZIE MARCIA, b. Oct. 5, 1851, d. at High Point, N. C., 

April 26, 1880. 

4. IDA BRADFORD, b. Jan. 8, 1854, d. April 7, 1882. 

NEWTON BOUTWELL, son of Nehemiah and Elizabeth (Jones) 
Boutwell, born July 19, 1807; married first, Jan. 12, 1830, Mary Ann 
Merrill of Lyndeborough. She was born Aug. 24, 1807 ; died May 5, 1852 ; 
married second, Feb. 6, 1853, Deborah A. Davis of East Montpelier, Vt. 
She was born Dec. 23, 1813 ; died Oct. 15, 1882. Children born in N. 
Craftsbury, Vt., except the first two : 

i. ELIZABETH A., b. at Lyndeborough, May i, 1831. 


2. WILLIAM C., b. at Lyndeborough, July 2*8, 1832. 

3. HARRIET, b. Nov. 15, 1833. 

4. FRANCIS N., b. July 30, 1835. 

5. ROBERT T., b. Feb. 6, 1837. 

6. MARY J., b. Nov. 27, 1838. 

7. THOMAS N., b. Dec. 30, 1839. 

8. RODNEY M., b. Dec. 17, 1841. 

9. JAMES B., b. Nov. 19, 1843. 

10. MARY Ella, b. July 9, 1856, in. Carl Benedict of Barre, 
Vt. Children : Nathan B., Emily M. 

REV. JAMES BOUTWELL, son of Nehemiah and Elizabeth (Jones) 
Boutwell, born May 14, 1814 ; married April 10, 1837, Mary P. Abbott of 
Audover, Mass. She died Sept. 9, 1868. He died April 21, 1865. He 
graduated from Dartmouth College in 1836 and from Andover Theologi- 
cal Seminary in 1840. About the time of his marriage he removed to 
Dunkirk, N. Y., and later to Sanbornton, N. H., where he died. They 
had a family of ten children, none of them born in Lyndeborough. 
Children : 

1. MARY I,., b. March 8, 1838, m. Nathaniel B. Plummer. 

2. JAMES P., b. Feb. 6, 1840, d. Oct. 31, 1844. 

3. GEORGE C., b. Feb. 8, 1842, d. 1892. 

4. CHARLES H., b. Oct. 29, m. Helen M. Abbott. 

5. HANNAH E., b. March n, 1846, m. C. Iy. Davis, d. April, 


6. JAMES P., b. Jan. 4, 1848, m. Hannah Huntington. 

Child : Mary Abbott, b. March 29, 1875. 

7. EMMA C., b. Dec. 22, 1849, m. Virgil K. Curd. 

8. EDWARD PARSONS, b. Feb. 19, 1852, graduate of Dartmouth, 

1876, d. March 4, 1878. 

9. ARTHUR A., b. March 22, 1854, d. June 17, 1878. 

10. WILLIS M., b. Aprils, 1857, m. Ella Watson. 

RODNEY CLEAVES BOUTWELL, son of Nehemiah and Elizabeth 
(Jones) Boutwell, born July 14, 1811 ; married Jan. 31, 1833, Nancy J., 
daughter of Nathan and Ann (Remick) Barnes of Bedford. She was born 
Oct. 23, 1811; died Apr. 19, 1892, at Medford, Mass. He died at Medford, 
Aug. i, 1891. When Nehemiah, his father, retired from the active duties of 
farm life he took the farm and cultivated it until the infirmities of age com- 
pelled him in turn to transfer it to one of his children. He was a man who 
shunned public office and his whole time and attention was given to the 
tilling of his land and the management of his farm work. His wife was 
a woman of stately presence, of great refinement and of much intellectual 
power. She came of a family noted for its ability and influence. Her 
teachings and impress remain with their children and they revere her 
memory. Twelve children were born to them, and in many respects they 
were a remarkable family. Remarkable from the fact that they all grew 


to manhood and womanho'od, Sarah's death, aged twenty years, being 
the first break in the family ; remarkable that they were, all twelve, 
men and women of fine physique, rugged specimens of New England 
stock. Their father and mother were consistent members of the Congre- 
gational Church and constant church attendance was a part of their creed, 
so these boys and girls were marshalled into the sanctuary every Sunday, 
sometimes filling more than one pew. They all received a good educa- 
tion in the schools of the town supplemented in most cases by terms at 
some academy. Abby J. was a teacher in Boston for some years. 
Clarissa married and removed to the West. Her husband was a sheriff 
and jailor at one time and once when a break was attempted she held the 
tnob of desperate prisoners at bay with a revolver until help arrived. Of 
these twelve children Ann E. (Whittemore) is the only one remaining a 
resident of Lyndeborough. Children : 

1. CLARISSA BARNES, b. Nov. 20, 1833, m. Samuel G. Colley 

and rem. to Beloit, Wis. He d. Oct. 21, 1890. 


3. ANN ELIZABETH, b. May 4, 1837, m. Daniel B. Whittemore. 

(See Whittemore gen.) 

4. ABIGAIL JANE, b. Dec. 13, 1838, m. Jan. i, 1878, Robert 

Hawthorne, of Newton Centre, Mass. He d. April i, 1892. 


7. SARAH JONES, b. Sept. 9, 1844, d. Jan. 12, 1864. 






NATHAN BARNES BOUTWELL, son of Rodney C. and Nancy J. 
(Barnes) Boutwell ; born July 31, 1835; married Nov. 25, 1858, Lizzie, 
daughter of Oliver and Susan (Foster) Hawkins of Troy, N. H. 
She was born June 13, 1836 ; died Nov. 3, 1865 ; second, Emily, daughter 
of Luke and Hannah W. (Perkins) Beard of Wilton. She was born July 
20, 1846. At the close of the war he became connected with the whole- 
sale house of E. C. Hazard & Co. of New York. In 1876 he removed 
to Cambridge, Mass., and in 1880 accepted a position in the Boston 
custom house where he has been ever since and where he is now in charge 
of the Appraisers' Stores. He was a soldier during the Civil War. 
For his military record see chapter X. Resides at Winchester, Mass. 
Child by first wife : 

i. LESLIE BARNES, b. July 28, 1860, m. Sept. 9, 1903, Made- 
laine Endicott Giddings of Beverly, Mass. He is a gradu- 
ate of Harvard Dental School. Child : Madelaine Giddiugs, 
b. Sept. 15, 1905. 
Child by second wife : 


i. HORACE KEITH, b. Dec. 4, 1876. He is a graduate of 
Harvard Medical School. 

BENJAMIN JONES, son of Rodney C. and Nancy J- 
(Barnes; Boutwell ; born Dec. 25, 1840; married April, 1882, Louisa 
Elizabeth, daughter of Ebenezer and Mary (Keeley) Knight of Milford- 
She was born June 16, 1854, and died at Atnherst, Feb. 2, 1890. He died 
at Medford, Mass., Jan. i, 1896. He was engaged in the grocery business 
in Boston for a number of years and afterwards at Worcester, Mass. In 
1882 he returned to the homestead farm which he had owned for a num- 
ber of years. He was the postmaster at the " Centre " for a while, a 
member of the board of selectmen and of the board of education. He 
was a leader in the work ,of the Congregational Church, conducting the 
services for the better part of a year, while the church edifice was being 
remodeled. He was a soldier in the Civil war. See chapter X. 
Children : 

1. MARY ELIZABETH, b. March 14, 1883, d. June 30, 1898. 

2. ROSWELL KNIGHT, b. March 16, 1885. 

3. PAUL W., b. Feb. 6, 1888. 

WILLIAM THURSTON BOUTWELL, son of Rodney C. and Nancy 
J. (Barnes) Boutwell ; born Sept. 13, 1842 ; married first, Eliza J. Com- 
ings of West Lebanon, N. H. She died March 24, 1883. He married 
second, Mary E. Haskell of Afton, Minn., April 12, 1884. She was born 
Mays, l %5 l > and died May 28, 1895. Mr. Boutwell lived on the home 
farm some years and was active in church work and in town affairs. In 
1880 he removed to Minn. He was a soldier in the Civil War. See 
Chap. X. He died at Guffy, Col., Aug. 2, 1904. Children : 

1. SARAH KIMBALL, b. in Boston, Mass., June 3, 1867. She 

is a graduate of Mt. Holyoke College, 1890. 

2. WILLIAM R., b. in W. Lebanon, N. H., Nov. 25, 1868, d. 

June 14, 1871. 

3. GEORGE B., b. in Medford, Mass., Nov. 8, 1870, m. first, 

Florence Rogers, second, Clara Corbett. Children by first 
wife : Roland C., b. Sept. 12, 1892, Edna, b. Sept. 18, 1893, 
Florence M., b. Dec. 5, 1894. 

4. HOWARD P., b. in Wilton, N. H., Sept. 30, 1872, m. Grace 

R. Dow. Children: William D., b. Feb. 6, 1900, Helen I- 
- b. Oct. 5, 1902. 

5. EDWARD B., b. in Lyndeborough, Dec. 14, 1878, m. Nov. 

26, 1901, Martha Ashworth of Chelsea, Mass. 
Children by second wife : 

6. JOSEPH H., b. .Oct. 4, 1885, at Cottage Grove, Minn. 

7. MARY J., b. Sept. 5, 1887, at Afton, Minn. 

8. PHILLIP K., b. Nov. 29, 1890, at Afton, Minn. 
CHARLES RODNEY BOUTWELL, son of Rodney C. and Nancy J. 


(Barnes) Boutwell ; born Aug. i, 1846 ; married Oct. 23, 1867, Lucy S., 
daughter of Leonard M. and Abigail (Kendall) Kimball of Hillsboro. 
She was born June 4, 1839. He was one of the staff of inspectors in the 
Boston custom house for fifteen years. For some years previous he had 
been in the produce business in Charlestown, Mass. In 1888 he bought 
the homestead farm of his brother Benjamin and came back to his native 
town where he died Jan. 18, 1904. 

DR. HENRY WINSLOW BOUTWELL, son of Rodney C. and Nancy 
J. (Barnes) Boutwell; born Aug. 2, 1848; married first, Clara Gerrish of 
Franklin, N. H. ; second, Mary Stanton of Sandwich. Clara (Gerrish) 
Boutwell died in 1894. He is a graduate of the Harvard Medical School 
and is a prominent physician in Manchester, N. H., being surgeon for the 
Amoskeag Manufacturing Company and the Manchester Mills ; also presi- 
dent of the staff of the Sacred Heart Hospital. He k is a trustee of the 
New Hampshire State Industrial School and of the Manchester Public 
Library ; and was surgeon-general on the staff of Governor N. J. Bachel- 
der. Child : 

i. EDITH GERRISH, b. July 16, 1875, m. Selwyn B. Clark of 
Worcester, Mass,, July 2, 1901. 

GEORGE SUMNER BOUTWELL, son of Rodney C. and Nancy J. 
(Barnes) Boutwell; born Aug. 22, 1850; married, May 21, 1872, Sophia 
Mclver of Worcester, Mass. She was a daughter of Charles Chamberlain. 
He is with Boutwell Bros. Resides in Worcester, Mass. 

ROLAND HILL BOUTWELL, son of Rodney C. and Nancy J. (Barnes) 
Boutwell ; born May 2, 1853 I married Oct. 29, 1879, Minnie E., daughter 
of Albert H. and Ann (Ager) Butters of Medford, Mass. ; born Nov. i, 
1853. She died Oct. i, 1883. Married second, Oct. 28, 1885, Sarah, 
daughter of George S. and Jane (Skinner) Blake of Belmont, Mass. She 
died Feb. 27, 1891. Married, third, Nov. 16, 1904, Jennie (Crosbie) Gil- 
man of Exeter. He established with his brother, Roswell M., Sept. 15, 
1876, the firm of Boutwell Bros., incorporated, Lowell, Mass., dealers 
in iron and steel. He is president of the Portland Iron and Steel Com- 
pany, Portland, Me., manufacturers of iron and steel, and president of 
the Standard Horse Shoe Co., So. Wareham, Mass., manufacturers of 
horse shoes. Residence, The Westminster, Boston. Child : 

i. ROLAND A., b. Oct. i, 1883, d. Oct. i, 1883. 

ROSWELL MURRAY BOUTWELL. son of Rodney C. and Nancy J. 
(Barnes) Boutwell ; born May 22, 1855 ; married May 22, 1883, Jeannie C. 
Russell of Louisville, Ky. She was born Feb. 28, 1859. He is a member 
of the firm of Boutwell Bros., incorporated, Lowell, Mass., dealers in 
iron and steel, and is treasurer of the Portland Iron and Steel Co., Port- 
land, Me., manufacturers of iron and steel. He is also treasurer of the 
Standard Horse Shoe Co., of So. Wareham, Mass., manufacturers of horse 
shoes. While a resident of Lowell he was a member of the city council 
from 1886 to 1889 and was chairman of the board of aldermen during the 
year 1889. Residence, 300 Newbury Street, Boston. Children : 

i. ELSIE RUSSELL, b. July 24, 1884. 


2. ROSWELL MURRAY, JR., b. Jan. 19, 1888. 

3. ROLAND HILL, second, b. Oct. 10, 1889. 


ABRAM E. BOUTWELL was born at Amherst ; married Nancy Brown 
of Amherst, Dec.3i, 1816; died June 25, 1835. His widow and children 
removed to Lyndeborough. Children : 

1. NAOMI ANN, m. William B. Raymond. 

2. JAMES, + 

3. ABRAM, -|- 

4. NANCY, m. Benjamin B. Miller. 

5. SARAH, m. Warren Ames. 

6. MARY J., first, d. in infancy. 

7. MARY J., second, m. Calvin A. Abbott. (See respective 


JAMES BOUTWELL, son of Abram E. and t Nancy (Brown) Bout- 
well ; born April 16, 1820 ; married Ellen O'Donnell ; born in Ireland. 
James Boutwell was a soldier in the Civil War and died Aug. 15, 1863, 
the day after he returned from the army. (See chap. X.) Their two 
oldest children were born at Lyndeborough. Children : 

1. MARY A., b. Dec. 5, 1852. 

2. JAMES C., b. March 31, 1854. 

3. ELLEN M., b. at Wilton. 

4. ANGELINE, b. at Temple. 

5. GEORGE, b. at Temple. 

ABRAM BOUTWELIy was born Feb. 28, 1822 ; married Mary Badger, 
a daughter of Stephen Badger. She was born Oct. 21, 1821, and died 
March 30, 1900. He was a soldier in the Civil War and died Dec. 27, 
1893. (See chap. X.) Children all born in I/yndeborough : 

1. CHARLES F., b. July 19, 1853. 

2. SARAH, b. June 8, 1855, d. June 18, 1859. 

3. IDA M., b. May i, 1858, m. Peter King. 

4. HARVEY, b. Feb. 19, 1860. 

5. STILLMAN, b. Feb. 17, 1862. 


WILLIAM H. BOWEN, son of Guy and Mary (Richardson) Bowen ; 
born in Corinth, Vt., Nov. 6, 1847; married April 19, 1869, Estella E., 
daughter of George B. and Mary J. (Clark) Woodward of Francestown. 
She was born Nov. n, 1848. Mr. Bowen resides in "Johnson Corner" 
and is a prosperous and enterprising farmer. He has enlarged and re- 
modeled the farm buildings. The production of milk for Boston is the 
leading branch of his farming. Child : 

i. WILLIAM T., + 


WILLIAM T. BOWEN was born in Francestown, Dec. n, 1869; mar- 
ried Aug. 30, 1892, Susan, daughter of James and Susan (Beaman) Walch- 
She was born Oct. 10, 1867. Mr. Bowen's failing health compelled him 
to seek the warmer climate of California, but receiving but little benefit 
from the change he returned to Lyndeborough and died the afternoon of 
his arrival, March 17, 1904. 


THOMAS BRADFORD, born June 4, 1776; married first, Abigail 

. She died Jan. 14, 1797; second, Oct. 2, 1799, Patty Coburn. She 

was born Oct. 31, 1769; died Oct. 15, 1849. He died Sept. 14, 1852. 
Child by first wife : 

1. SARAH, b. Sept. 6, 1795, m. Oct. 31, 1833, Elijah Upton. 

He d. Feb. 4, 1835. She m., second, L/oammi Eaton. 
Children by second wife : 

2. ABIGAIL, b. July 7, 1800, m. Dec. 23, 1830, Reuben Bald- 

win. He d. Nov. 2, 1831. 

3. PATTY, b. Feb. 7, 1802, m. Daniel Fish. (See Fish gen.) 

4. MARY, b. Feb. 17, 1803, m. March 20, 1828, James Parker. 

She d. Oct. 21, 1847. 

5. CHARLOTTE, b. Sept. 27, 1805, m. Dec. 23, 1830, Loarami 

Baldwin of Wilton. She d. May 27, 1882. 

6. HANNAH, b. Nov. 7, 1807, m. Feb. 18, 1845, L,yman Parker. 

She d. Feb. 19, 1892. 

7. REBECCA, b. Oct. 3, 1810, m. Albert Hardy of Greenfield. 

Hed. Oct. 16, 1853. 

8. JAMES C., -f- 

9. JANE, b. Nov. i, 1817, m. June 6, 1844, Horace Cud worth. 

She d. March 9, 1892. 

JAMES C. BRADFORD, son of Thomas and Patty (Coburn) Bradford, 
born Sept. 2, 1813 ; married June, 1837, Sarah, daughter of Jeremiah 

and Brown of Mont Vernon. She was born Jan. 24, 1806 ; died 

Sept. 15, 1888. He died May 28, 1860. .Children born in Lyndeborough : 

1. ANN M., b. July 24, 1841, m. John M. Emery. (See 

Emery gen.) 

2. JOHN A., b. May 22, 1843, d- July i, 1896. 

3. SARAH C., b. Aug. 28, 1845, d. Sept. 14, 1848. 

4. HARLAN P., -(- 

HARLAN PAGE BRADFORD, son of James C. and Sarah (Brown) 
Bradford, born April 20, 1848 ; married Oct. 25, 1870, Georgianna, daugh- 
ter of Harvey and Lois (Cram) Holt of Lyndeborough. She was born 
March 17, 1851 ; died Sept. 27, 1871. Child : 

i. GEORGE P., b. Sept. 26, 1871, m. Agnes C., dan. of Wil- 
liam E. and Phebe*( Cutler) Fiske. One child : Harlan F. 



CAPT. WILLIAM BROOKS came to Lyndeborough soon after the 
Revolutipnary War. He was born at Woburn, Mass., March 3, 1737, and 
was twice married. First, March 29, 1759, Abigail Kemp of Hollis, N. 
H.; second, Sept. 20, 1787, Hepsibah Powers of Hollis. By his first 
marriage he had a large family, none of the children probably born at 
Lyndeborough. Whether they came to Lyndeborough with him is un- 
known. It is supposed some of them did. He died at Lyndeborough 
Oct. n, 1804. He enlisted in 1778 in Capt. Emerson's Co., Rhode Island 
Regiment, and was a second lieutenant. He again enlisted in Capt. 
John Mills' company in 1781. This company is supposed to be from 
Londonderry, N. H. In the town records is the record of the birth of 
Nathan, born Sept. 10, 1800, and John Boffee, born Dec. 12, 1802, children 
of William and Rebecca Brooks. It is not known if this William was 
the son of Capt. William or not. Children : 

1. WILLIAM, b. May i, 1760. 

2. ABIGAIL, b. July 19. 1762. 

3. BETSEY, b. July 23, 1764. 

4. SARAH, b. July 6, 1766. 

5. ISAAC, b. Oct. 28, 1768. 

6. MARAH, b. Feb. 15, 1771. 

7. SAMUEL, b. March 3, 1774. 

8. MARTHA, b. Aug. 23, 1776. 

9. LEONARD, b. Jan. 29, 1779. 

10. JOHN, b. Nov. n, 1781. 

11. SUSANNA, b. Feb. 12, 1783. 


In the interval between the French and Indian war and the war of 
Independence, many deserters from the British army and navy found 
refuge in New Hampshire where opportunities were good for escape 
from capture. Prior to the year 1770, a young English soldier, named 
Hodgeman, came with two fellow deserters to the vicinity of Lynde- 
borough Centre, and were hidden and befriended by John Stephenson 
and others. One of the men died while here and was buried in the 
woods. Hodgeman learning that scouts were on his track sought con- 
cealment in the neighborhood of Purgatory Falls, then known as Wain- 
wright's brook. Stephen Peabody, who had built a house on top of 
Strawberry Hill, here befriended the refugee. He made for him a hid- 
ing place in the ravine during the day. Hodgeman received his food 
from his protector's table, and at night stole up to Peabody's house for 
lodging. He afterward married and settled in Amherst, served in the 
Revolutionary Army, and abandoning the name of Hodgeman was known 
as William Brown. It is an interesting coincidence that nearly eighty 
years after this deserter found refuge at Purgatory Falls during troub- 
lous times, his son, Robert Brown, should become the owner of the land 
which includes this upper fall. Some of this land was sold to Mr. 
Hutchiuson but the descendants of William Brown still own the adjoin- 


ing farm. This William Brown married Tabitha Boutwell, of Amherst, 
and twelve children were born to them, one of whom, Robert, came to 

ROBERT BROWN, son of William Brown and Tabitha (Boutwell) 
Brown, born at Amherst Dec. 14, 1800 ; married Mary Ann Erving of 
Amherst. She was born May 18, 1807 ; died July 9, 1866, at Jaffrey. He 
died Nov. 27, 1873, at Jaffrey. He came to Lyndeborough from Merri- 
mack in 1839 and lived on the Lucas place (now so called) for a few 
years, then moved to the farm where Leonard G. now lives in the spring 
of 1844. His son, Leonard G., says of him "he was a moving planet; 
when he had been married twenty years, he had moved twenty-one 
times." Children : 

1. LEONARD G., -\- 

2. SILAS L., b. at Lowell, Vt., 1828. 

3. JOHN M., b. at Amherst, 1830. Went to sea and died there. 

4. MARY E., b. April 23, 1832, d. October 18, 1895, in Mont 


Then there were four children who died very young of which 
there is no record. 

9. SARAH A., b. at Lyndeborough, Jan. 6, 1844, d. Sept. 6, 


10. GEORGE A., b. at Lyndeborough, 1846, died Sept. 13, 1849. 
n. JAMES T., b. at Lyndeborough, May 5, 18 

12. MELISSA A., b. at Lyndeborough, July i, 1848. Res. at 

LEONARD G. BROWN, son of Robert and Mary (Erving) Brown, 
born May 28, 1826 ; married Sept. 18, 1855, Nancy, daughter of Nathaniel 
C. and Betsey (Odell) Carkin. She was born May 27, 1837. In the fall 
of 1854 he went to the west and taught school in Missouri and Kansas. 
He taught seven months in an old log school house in Harrisonville, 
Mo. He returned to Lyndeborough in 1855 and settled on the Brown 
homestead near the celebrated Purgatory picnic grounds. He and young 
David Carkin found evidence that Purgatory was used as a picnic ground 
as early as 1839. He is a farmer, gardener and fruit grower. He has 
been superintendent of schools and a teacher ; is much interested in 
temperance reform and has written for the agricultural papers. Of 
strict integrity of character, he has the respect of his fellow towns- 
people. Children : 

1. MINA A., b. Aug. 9, 1856, m. 1875, Edwin O. Butler. 

2. LEONARD E., b. Sept. 27, 1858. 

3. EFFIE M., b. Jan. 25, 1863, m. Andrew J. Marshall. (See 

Marshall gen.) 

4. IDA B., b. July 25, 1865, m. April 17, 1886, Miles B. Wal- 

lace of Mont Vernon. Child : Maud E., b. April 21, 1890. 

5. IRA R., b. Jan. 6, 1874, m. Nov. 25, 1896, Minnie O., 


daughter of Milton W. and Margaret (Mears) Wallace of 
Mont Vernon. She was b. July 19, 1871. One child, Ray 
W., b. Feb. 7, 1903. 


SEWELIv M. BUCK, son of Austin and Sarah (Coburn) Buck, born 
April 16, 1839, at Norway, Me ; married Oct. 24, 1860, Sarah P., daughter 
of Ephraitn T. and Mary A. (Shaw) Putnam. She was born Jan. 16, 
1841. He came to Lyndeborough from Greenfield in 1870 and settled on 
the Israel Cram place in the westerly part of the town. He enlisted 
from Nashua in Co. F, ist N. H. Vol., and served three months during 
the Civil War. Is a painter by trade. Children : 

1. GEORGIA A., b. Feb. 14, 1864. 

2. CARRIE B., b. Aug. 30, 1866, m. first, Samuel Dolliver. 

(See Doliver gen.), m. second, Roy E. Burton. (See Bur- 
ton gen.) 


JOHN A. BULLARD, son of Naham and Keziah (Peabody) Bullard, 
born at Amherst, June 26, 1851, m. Nov. 23, 1875, Ida B., daughter of 
Josiah and Sarah (Farnum) Swinuington. She was born at Mont Ver- 
non, May 25, 1860. Mr. Bullard resides on the Charles Tarbell farm, 
Perharn Corner. Children : 

1. HARRY O., b. July 17, 1877. 

2. WINFIELD S., b. Sept. 5, 1880. 

3. ARTHUR B., b. June 26 1885, m. Aug. 21, 1904, Alice M. 


4. INFANT CHILD, b. July 31, 1890, d. Aug. 3, 1890. 


The Burnham family here recorded came from Ipswich, Mass., some- 
time before the Revolution and settled in that part of Lyndeborough 
which was made the town of Greenfield. The farm is now owned by 
John Fletcher or is known as the Fletcher place. Col. Joshua Burnham, 
probably a brother of Stephen (the first to come to Lyndeborough), set- 
tled in Milford. Stephen, Nathaniel and James came to Lyndeborough. 
Mrs. Luther Crara is a grand-daughter of one of them. They all had a 
Revolutionary war record. Children of Stephen and Lucy Burnham : 

1. SARAH, b. May 18, 1777. 

2. LOUISE, b. Sept. 6, 1778. 

Children of Nathaniel and Mary Burnham : 

1. LUCY, b. Oct. 14, 1774. 

2. CALEB, b. Nov. 23, 1776. 

3. NATHANIEL, b. March 19, 1779. 

4. EPES, b. Aug. 17, 1771. 


Children of James and Ruampa Burnham : 

1. RUTH, b. Sept. 2, 1775. 

2. MARY, b. Feb. 14, 1777. 

3. JAMES, b, April 9, 1779. 

4. JOSEPH, b. Aug. 10, 1782. 

JOHN W. BURNHAM, born at Greenfield Dec. 18, 1822 ; married 
March 17, 1846, Ruth A., daughter of John and Sally (Tinker) Gage. 
She was born June 9, 1826 ; died Sept. 16, 1874. He lived for some 
years on the John Gage place, then removed to Francestown where he 
died Nov. ro, 1888. Children : 

1. JOHN A., b. at New Boston, Sept. 21, 1847, m. April 5, 

1877, Almira A. Powers of Washington. 

2. MARY A., b. at Francestown, April 20, 1850, m. Nov. 16, 

1868, Frank E. I/ee of Greenfield. Res. at Cambridge, 

3. SARAH G., b. at L/yndeborough, Jan. 6, 1854, ra. Nov. 16, 

1880, John K. Jones of East Cambridge, Mass. 

4. CHARLES F. , b. at I/yndeborough Jan. 16, 1859, m. March 

22, 1877, L,enora E. Dodge of Bennington. 

5. EDWARD W., b. at L,yndeborough, May 4, 1860, m. Oct. 18, 

1885, Mary E. Mulhall of Hancock. 

6. EMMA A., b. at L,yndeborough, Aug. 31, 1863, m. July n, 

1892, George O. Joslin of Bennington. Res. at Bennington. 


DEXTER BURTON, born at Wilton, Oct. 16, 1802; married April 20, 
1824, Clarissa O. Spofford of Temple. She was born June 12, 1803 ; died 
Oct. 15, 1886. He died June 3, 1855. Children : 

1. DEXTER L., b. April 10, 1825, m. Nov., 1853, Emily F. 

Ward of Chelmsford, Mass. He rem. to Temple, d. May 
3, 1896. 

2. CLARISSA I., b. July 2, 1827, m. Jan. 1854, Nathan Holt of 


3. JAMES E., b. Nov. 18, 1828, m. Nov. 18, 1852, Olive A. 

Robinson of Bennington. He d. March n, 1897. 

4. HELEN M., b. Feb. 24, 1831, m. May 18, 1853, George H. 

Blood of Temple. He was b. Oct. 17, 1826, d. Feb. 5, 
1897. She d. April 8, 1900. 

5. ELIZA J., b. Dec. 6, 1834, m. May 17, 1857, George W. 

Boynton of Wilton. He d. Nov. i, 1900, in Oregon. 

6. WILLIAM W., -J- 

7. SARAH A., b. Aug. 28, 1838, d. in infancy. 


WHJ.IAM W. BURTON, born Nov. 14, 1836; married June 20, 1861, 
Esther, daughter of Augustus and Almira (.Boynton) Cragin of Temple! 
He has been and is a man of much influence in town affairs. Has been 
selectman many years. Was representative to the General Court in 1874- 
1875, 1895-1896. Road agent in 1892 and has held other public office. 
He makes the raising of milk for the Boston market a specialty and for 
40 years has run a milk route to Wilton, taking the route of D. Whiting. 
His farm is large and well cultivated, with a fine set of farm buildings, 
situated in the extreme southwest part of the town. Children : 

1. CLARA J., b. April 17, 1862, m. March 27, 1889, George E. 

May of Wilton. Res. in Wilton. 

2. ELMER W., b. Oct. 21, m. Oct. 25, 1892, Cora Lane 

of Stoddard. Res. in Wilton. 

3. ADDIE A., b. June 3, 1871, m. Dr. M. B. Richards. (See 

Richards gen.) 

JOHN HALE BURTON, son of John and Anna (Kidder) Burton, 
born at Wilton, Oct. 2, 1843; married March u, 1871, Clintina, daughter 
of David J. and Elizabeth (Salter) Carkin. She was born in Peterbor- 
ough Oct. 27, 1853. Children : 

1. JOHN MILO, b. Oct. i, 1871, m. Nov. 27, 1895, Florence E. 


2. CORA A., b. May 23, 1873, m. August, 1888, Charles Green. 

3. ROY E., b. April 25, 1875, m. August, 1896, Carrie, daugh- 

ter of Sewell M. and Sarah (Putnam) Buck. She was 
b. Aug. 30, 1866. 

4. EDDA F., b, Nov. 2, 1877, m - Nov. 20, 1897, Clarence 

L,owe. Children : L/ester, Hazel, Harold, Forest. 

5. MYRTIE C., b. March 9, 1881, in. Perley Holden. (See 

Holden gen.) 

6. JOSIE E., b. May 9, 1887. 


WILLIAM BUTLER, the ancestor of the Butler family of Lyndebor- 
ough, lived at one time in Gloucester, Mass. While there he married 
Sarah Perkins. They afterward removed to Ipswich, Mass. Just how 
many children they had we do not know, but there were three sons of 
whom there is some record. The dates of his birth and death are un- 
known. His wife died in Lyndeborough in 1821. The above mentioned 
three sons were : 

1. JONATHAN, -j- 

2. WILLIAM, who entered the Continental Army, and is sup- 

posed to have died of disease or to have been killed, for he 
never was heard from. 

3. JACOB, also enlisted in the Continental Army, was taken 


prisoner, sent to Halifax, N. S., where he died of small 

JONATHAN BUTLER, son of William and Sarah (Perkins) Butler; 
born 1758 ; married Aug. 17, 1778, Lois, daughter of John and Tryphena 
(Powers) Kidder. She was born July 10, 1760; died 1846; He died Dec. 
5, 1844. He was a soldier at the Battle of Bunker Hill, and in the retreat 
from that engagement was taken with cramps and fell out of the 
ranks ; after much suffering he crawled into a swamp, where he was con- 
cealed, and later joined his company again. He came to Lyndeborough 
in 1777, and settled on land in the westerly part of the town. He was a 
blacksmith by trade, and his daughter used to say that the sound of his 
hammer on the anvil was the first thing she heard in the morning and 
the last thing at night. He was a man of retiring manners, and much re- 
spected. He was a constant attendant at church and Sunday School. He 
sang and took part in all the services the Sunday but one before he died. 
Children, all born in Lyndeborough : 

1. SARAH, b. Jan. n, 1779, in. first, Asa Burroughs, second, 

Samuel Rogers, five children. 

2. HANNAH, b. Oct. 27, 1780, m. Douglass Robinson, four chil- 


3. JACOB, b. Dec. 30, 1782, d. June i, 1785. 

4. JONATHAN, b. March i, 1785, m. Patty Russell, nine chil- 


5. L,ois, b. April 27, 1787, m. Ephraim Hackett, eleven chil- 


6. RACHEL, b. July 4, 1789, m. James Cavendish, nine chil- 


7. TRYPHENA, b. April 2, 1792, m. David Putnam. (See Put- 

nam gen.) 

8. JACOB, 2nd, -}- 

9. MARY, b. Sept. 4, 1796, m. James White, twelve children. 

10. SUSANNA, b. Sept. 23, 1798, d. aged sixteen years. 

11. IVUCY, b. Jan. 21, 1802, m. Nathaniel Burnham, one child. 

12. WILLIAM, -f- 

JACOB BUTLER, son of Jonathan and Lois (Kidder) Butler; born June 
7, 1794 ; married Jan. 22, 1818, Sarah, daughter of Blanchard of Lynde- 
borough. She was born May 29, 1793 ; died April, 1869. He died April 16, 
1882. He was a man who stood high in the estimation of his townsmen 
and in church circles. His name frequently occurs in the records of his 
day, and he evidently was a man of influence. When the old church at 
the Centre was sold, he bought the historic structure, and taking it down 
used the material in making him a new barn. He served in the War of 
1812, and after his return from the army became an energetic and thrifty 
farmer. Children, all born in Lyndeborough : 

i. JACOB NEWTON, b. Aug. 21, 1819, d. Oct. 13, 1819. 


2. JACOB N., 2nd, -(- 

3. JONATHAN, b. June 16, 1823, rem. to Nebraska. 

4. WILLIAM H., b. Oct. 28, 1825. 

5. CHARGES M., -f- 

6. OLNEY P., + 

DR. WILLIAM BUTLER, son of Jonathan and Lois (Kidder) Butler; 
born April 21, 1805; married first, March 30, 1830, Nancy Smith. She 
died April n, 1850, and he married second, Oct. 22, 1850, Mrs. Ximenia 
P. King. By his first wife he had four children, one of whom was Dr. 
William Morris Butler of Brooklyn, N. Y. He took the full course at 
Dartmouth Medical College, taking his degree in 1830. He removed to 
Maine, Broom Co., N. Y. For a period of fifty -five years he diligently 
followed his profession, his practice covering a vast extent of territory, 
and in common with all doctors in the early settlements, he made his 
visits on horseback. At 80 years of age he was still strong and vigorous, 
the oldest member of the Broom County Medical Society. He was for 
more than forty years a member and official of the Presbyterian Church. 

DR. JACOB NEWTON BUTLER, son of Jacob and Sarah (Blanchard) 
Butler, born Feb. 6, 1821; married Harriet Moore of Lempster, N. H., 
June 22, 1846. She was born Feb. 10, 1827. He was educated at the New 
Ipswich and Hancock Academies and at a preparatory school at Union, 
New York. Read medicine first under the direction of Dr. John Ramsey 
of Greenfield and afterwards at Peterboro under Doctors Follansbee and 
Smith. He then studied with Dr. Joseph Parsons of Bennington, and 
after attending several courses of lectures, graduated at Pittsfield, Mass., 
in 1843, before he was twenty-three years of age. In December of that 
year he located at Lempster, N. H., where he resided until his death 
which occured Feb. 16, 1903. Child : 

i. GEORGE; ARTHUR, b. May 23, 1850. Is a civil engineer 
and res. in Chicago, 111. 

CHARLES M. BUTLER, son of Jacob and Sarah (Blanchard) Butler, 
born Aug. 7, 1827 ; married Martha M. Weston of Newton, Ohio, June 
21, 1855. She was born July 18, 1839. He died May n, 1903. 

1. IyU A., b. April 6, 1871, ni. Charles W. White of Wilton, 

June 29, 1893. 

2. L/IUJE M., b. July 14, 1874, m. Charles G. Carleton of 

Mt. Vernon, Oct. u, 1894. 

OLNEY P. BUTLER, son of Jacob and Sarah (Blanchard) Butler, 
born April 22, 1835 ; married Hannah W. Langdell. He died May i, 1880. 
Olney P. Butler, together with four of his children, died of diphtheria in 
1880, within the space of five weeks. 

1. SARAH A., b. at L,yndeborough, Aug. 27, 1856, m. 1874, 

Joseph H. Stickney of Tyson, Vt. 

2. GEORGE H., + 

3. CARRIE L>, b. at Lyndeborough, July 7, 1861, m. Dec. 20, 


1884, Edward H. Spofford of Greenfield. She d. March 

28, 1890. 

4. NELLIE P-. b. at Greenfield, June 10, 1863, m. Nov. 30, 

1882, Charles H. Scott of Tyson, Vt. She d. May 30, 

5. WILLIAM L,., b. at L,yndeborough, March 5, 1865, d. April 

29, 1880. 

6. L,IZZIE H., b. at L,yndeborough, Jan. 28, 1870, d. April 20, 


7. WALTER S., b. at I^yndeborough, Oct, 19, 1876, d. March 

30, 1880. 

8. MARK W., b. at Lyndeborough, Feb. 17, 1878, d. April 5, 


GEORGE H. BUTLER, son of Olney P. and Hannah (Langdell) 
Butler, born at Lyndeborough, March 19, 1858; married Sept. 15, 1881, 
Myra A. Carpenter of Surrey, Vt. Children born at Lyndeborough : 

1. HERVEY L,., b. Dec. 22, 1885. 

2. HAROLD A., b. Feb. 14, 1890. 


DAVID BUTTERFIELD lived in town at one time and his children 
were born here. He married Miriam Durant. She was born in 1775; 
died in Francestown, Feb. 2, 1848. He was born 1775 and died at Lynde- 
borough, Feb. 18, 1812, of spotted fever. He was the grandfather of 
David " Newton " Butterfield of New Boston. Children born at Lynde- 
borough : 

1. SARAH, m. Brackley Rose (See Rose gen.) 


3. JANE, m. Benjamin Ames. 

4. LUCY, m. Nathaniel Bruce. 

5. OLIVE, m. Hiram Dodge. 


The first record of the Carkin family in Lyndeborough is the birth of 
John, son of John and Elizabeth his wife, Sept. 9, 1765. Elizabeth Carkin 
died Nov. 10, 1829, * n the eighty-eighth year of her age. She was the 
daughter of Jonathan and Mary Chamberlain Cram. John Carkin died 
March 2, 1799, in the sixty-fourth year of his age. John and his wife, 
Elizabeth, appear to have been the first of the family to settle in town. 
John and Isaac Carkin are credited to Lyndeborough, as Revolutionary 
soldiers. Isaac was probably a brother of John. Among the older mem- 
bers of the family, there is a story current of the origin of the name 
Carkin, whether true or not it is quaint and interesting. It is said that 
two little boys were secretly placed on board a ship bound for America. 
They were not discovered until too late to put back. These young stowa- 
ways were unable to give much of an account of themselves or tell their 


names, and were made to carry water to the sailors and in other ways to 
work their passage. They carried the liquid in tin cans, and soon were 
known as the little " carrycans " and from thence the name Carkin. 
Isaac and John were said to be sons or grandsons of one of the little 
" carrycans." There arc four children of John and Elizabeth recorded : 

1. JOHN, b. Sept. 9, 1765, drowned July 9, 1777. 

2. AARON, -f- 

3. PRUDENCE, b. Sept. 2, 1774. 

4. ELIZABETH. The marriage intention of Ephraim Putnam, 

third, and Elizabeth Carkin is recorded Nov. 6, 1794. 

AARON CARKIN, son of John and Elizabeth Carkin, born Nov. 13, 
1767; married Dec. 15, 1791, Betsey Duncklee of Amherst. She died 
Nov. 30, 1845. He died Feb. 19, 1852. Children : 

1. JOHN, b. Oct. 19, 1792, m. Betsey Smith. Rem. to Benning- 

ton where he was extensively engaged in the manufacture 
of gunpowder. He d. Oct. 25, 1883. 

2. ELIZABETH, b. May 6, 1794, d. June 4, 1794. 

3. BETSEY, b. Jan. 30, 1796, m. Oliver Fales. Rem. to Ded- 

ham, Mass., d. Dec. 30, 1820. 

4. CLARISSA, b. Nov. 13, 1797, m. Asher Curtis, d. Dec. 8, 

1880. (See Curtis gen.) 

5. MEHITABLE, b. Aug. 14, 1799, m. John Hartshorn, d. Feb. 

19, 1 88 1. (See Hartshorn gen.) 

6. AARON, b. July 22, 1801. Was badly burned by an explos- 

ion of gun powder at Bennington and died ten days later, 
Oct. 13, 1828. 


8. DAVID, -f- 

9. JESSE D., b. Nov. 20, 1807, m. Sarah Hutchinson of Wilton. 

10. CLEMENT, b. Oct., 1808, d. Nov, 20, 1808. 

11. CHARLES, b. March 12, 1811, d. April 8, 1888. 

NATHANIEL C. CARKIN, son of Aaron and Betsey (Duncklee) 
Carkin, born Oct. 28, 1803 ; married Feb. 23, 1830, Betsey T. Odell of 
Mont Vernon ; second, Elizabeth Brown of Amherst. Betsey (Odell) 
Carkin died Feb. 27, 1864. Children by first wife : 

1. AARON, b. Dec. 31, 1831, d. Jan. 9, 1832. 

2. SOPHRONIA, b. June 27, 1833, m. March 9, 1864, Ezra M. 


3. NANCY, b. May 27, 1837, m. Leonard G. Brown. (See 

Brown gen.) 

DAVID CARKIN, son of Aaron and Betsey (Duncklee) Carkin, born 
Jan. i, 1806 ;' married Dec. 27, 1827, Lydia, daughter of William and 


Eunice (Cram) Abbott. She was born June 5, 1809 ; died Sept. 15, 1895. 
He died July 6, 1892. Children : 

1. DAVID J., -f- 

2. LYDIA J., b. June 27, 1831, m., first, Oct. 27, 1851, Franklin 

Towns of Milford ; second, Jerome Weston of Mason. 

3. JOHN C., + 

DAVID J. CARKIN, son of David and Lydia (Abbott) Carkin, born 
July 17, 1827; married Elizabeth Salter of Mount Holley, Vt. He died 
Nov. 16, 1878, in Louisiana. He was a soldier in the Civil War. (See 
Chap. X.) Children: 

1. CLINTINA, b. in Peterborough, Oct 27, 1853, m. John H. 

Burton of L,yudeborough. (See Burton gen.) 

2. GEORGE, b. April 24, 1857, m. Hattie M. Stone of Royal- 

ston, Mass. She was b. Oct. 15, 1862, m. July 4, 1882. 

JOHN C. CARKIN, son of David and Lydia C. (Abbott; Carkin, born 
March 7, 1844 ; married Dec. 30, 1866, Ellen E., daughter of Zadoc and 
Ellinor (Sanboru) Jones of Milford. She was born Oct. 29, 1846. He 
was a soldier iu the Civil War. (See Chap. X.) Was ^moderator of the 
town meetings for many years. Resides at So. Lyndeborough. Chil- 
dren : 

1. MEDIE A., b. Oct. 12, 1867, m. first, John L,. Trask of 

Marrons, Conn. ; second, Bradley L. Hay ward of Brockton, 
Mass. ; third, Fred Waterhouse of Brockton, Mass. 

2. JOHN A.. -\- 

3. MERRILL F., b. Nov. 25, 1869, m. Aug. 16, 1894, Jennie, 

daughter of William H. and Eliza A. (Dale) Doe of Read- 
ing, Mass. Child : Evelyn G. 

4. FRED E. + 

5. WILLIE C., -|- 

JOHN A. CARKIN, son of John C. and Ellen E. (Jones) Carkin, born 
Sept. 10, 1868 ; married Minnie R., daughter of John H. and Sabra Anna 
(Lewis) Day of Greenfield, June 23, 1889. She was born Sept. 20, 1872. 
Children all born in Lyndeborough : 

1. HENRY A., b. Nov. 7, 1892. 

2. BELLE E., b. Oct. 23, 1894. 

3. CARROLL C., b. March 30, 1897. 

4. EDGAR L,., b. Feb. 12, 1899. 

5. SABRA E., b. April 13, 1901. 

6. lyYDiA R., b. at Greenland, N. H., Aug. 31, 1903. 

FRED E. CARKIN, son of John C. and Ellen E. (Jones) Carkin, born 
Jan. 25, 1871 ; married March 31, 1894, Mary E., daughter of Edwin and 
Enimeline (Wilkins) Kinney'of Peterborough. Children : 

i. NELLIE E., b. at L/yndeborough, Feb. 27, 1895. 


2. GEORGE, b. at Lyndeborough, April 20, 1897. 

3. ISAAC B., b. at Harrisville, April 24, 1899, d. Sept. 4, 1899. 

4. Annie R., b. at Harrisville, June 13, 1900. 

5. EDITH M., b. at Harrisville, Oct. 15, 1901. 

6. KATHLEEN E., b. at Harrisville, Feb. 20, 1903. 

7. JOHN R., b. at L,yndeborough, April 27, 1904. 

WILLIE C. CARKIN, son of John C. and Ellen E. (Jones) Carkin, 
born Oct. 7, 1873 ; married Dec. 19, 1893, Anna E., daughter of Charles 
A. and Ann B. (Butler,) Barrett of Antrim. She was born June 4, 1871. 
Children : 

1. ROBERT C., b. Sept. 16, 1894. 

2. GERALD, b. Oct. 2, 1901. 


One of the most notable families among the early settlers of Salem- 
Canada was the Carleton family. Joseph Carleton, their immigrant ances- 
tor, came to this country from England and settled in Newburyport, 
Mass. He married Abigail Osgood and they had six children born to 
them, David, Jonathan, Moses, Jeremiah, Mary and Abigail. It is sup- 
posed that these children were born in Newburyport, Mass. 

JEREMIAH CARLETON, son of Joseph and Abigail (Osgood) Carle- 
ton, born in Newburyport, Mass., in 1715 ; married Eunice Taylor, who 
was born in 1717. They lived in Newtown, now Amesbury, Mass., where 
part of his children were born. His business was that of a carpenter, 
millwright and lumber dealer. About the year 1750, he removed to 
Litchfield, N. H., and six years later in the fall he came to Salem-Canada 
and pitched his camp on land now owned by E. C. Curtis. It was built 
beside a big rock situated about 30 rods from the northeast corner of 
said land. The remains of the stone fire dogs and cellar hole may still 
be seen. He began his clearing among the big hemlocks on the flat the 
other side of the brook and worked at it during the fall and winter, 
and in the spring went back to his family presumably at Litchfield. 
While he was in camp that winter some hunters drove a lot of deer into 
the big brook near by and getting fire from his camp they killed a num- 
ber. They stayed with him all night, and in the morning took the hides 
of the deer, leaving him with a plentiful supply of venison. He re- 
turned with his family that year and is supposed to have built him a 
cabin, but Indians killed his stock and burned his cabin and he was 
forced to leave and did not return until two years later in 1760. When 
he returned, if he cleared 20 acres of land and built a framed house of 
certain dimensions he was to have 60 acres 6f land, and if he built a 
saw-mill he was to have 60 acres more for that. He built his house 
about loo rods northeast of E. C. Curtis' s brick house, and near the 
brook. He hewed all the timber for his house from oak logs and those 
timbers are sound to-day. 

He built the saw-mill in 1761 and 1762. It was situated about 30 rods 
below the bridge on the road from Johnson's Corner to Wilton. In this 
mill the boards were sawed to finish his house. The mill did a good 


business as long as he was able to run it. He cleared the land and had 
8 acres of corn planted among the stumps the first year. The bears 
were numerous and took toll of the corn and live stock. The Carletons 
were at work among the corn one day, when they heard the hog squeal. 
The old man ran to the rescue but too late to save the hog, but the women 
folks had run with their hemlock brooms and had scared a bear away 
from the carcass. Jeremiah wa's indignant that he should lose the, 
chance to shoot the bear, but they had fresh pork for awhile. He died 
in 1769. His wife survived him about 25 years. She was a very religious 
woman and used to walk to Amherst, 6 miles, to attend church, guiding 
her way by marked trees. They had seven children : 

1. OSGOOD, -f- 

2. JEREMIAH, -(- 

3. MARY, m. Reuben Bachelder and rem. to Warren, N. H., 

where they lived and died. 

4. ABIGAIL, m. first, Adam Johnson, second, "Ensign "David 

Putnam. Mr. Johnson died or was killed while in the army 
during the Revolutionary War. 

5. TIMOTHY. Was killed by the accident at the raising of the 

Wilton church in 1774. 

6. DAVID. Killed in the army during the Revolutionary War. 

(See Chapter VII.) 

7. EBENEZER. After the close of the Revolutionary War, in 

which he took part (See Chapter VII), he came home and 
settled in Chester, N. H., and d. in 1840. 

OSGOOD CARIyETON, son of Jeremiah and Eunice (Taylor) Carleton 
born in Newtown, or Amesbury, Mass., in 1741, and came to Lyndeborough 
with his father. He was a fine mechanic and a great mathematician. 
He cleared a piece of land about half a mile south of the old meeting 
house and built a house and lived in it some years. The site is grown up 
to wood now. He did a large business in surveying, laying out the towns 
around in lots, both in New Hampshire and Vermont. He published 
some works on navigation and made almanacs. He taught a select school 
of high order and once when the committee visited it they found every- 
thing satisfactory, but said they wished to ask him one question. They 
said they had been told that he never went to school a day in his life 
and wished to know if it was true. He said that it was so. He^urveyed 
and drew the plans for the forts to protect Boston harbor and did other 
surveying for the government. One of his pupils in Boston was Robert 
B. Thomas of " Farmers' Almanac " fame. Mr. Carleton taught him how 
make almanacs and indeed made the calculations for the first " Farmers' 
Almanac" himself. The story is told that everything was finished and 
ready for the printer but the weather predictions, and Mr. Carleton told 
his daughter, a lively girl of sixteen, that she might add them. 
In a spirit of mischief she predicted a thunder storm in January and a 
snowstorm in June. When the book was printed Mr. Carleton 
reproached his daughter for having ruined the venture, but as it hap- 


pened, a thunder storm did come in January, and one morning in 
June the girl arose and found flakes of snow falling. She called her 
father to see. The reputation of the " Farmers' Almanac " was made for 
all time. He was also a cunning hunter and trapper. (See p. 118.) 

Osgood had two sons and one or more daughters. His wife died in 
Lyndeborough. After his wife's death he went to live with his son in 
Massachusetts. He was a soldier in the Revolutionary War. (See Chap. 

JEREMIAH CARLETON, second son of Jeremiah and Eunice (Taylor) 
Carleton, was born in Newtown in 1743 ; married Lois Hoyt, born in New- 
buryport in 1746. He lived with his father until he was sixteen, and then 
enlisted in the army. The year after his discharge, 1760, he went to work 
as an apprentice to learn the ship carpenters' trade, presumably in 
Newburyport, and stayed there until 1771, when he removed with his 
family to the farm left by his father in Lyndeborough, but in a year or 
two went back to Newburyport, Mass. When the Revolutionary War 
came on, there being no work at ship carpentering, he again returned to 
the farm. After the war he lived the remainder of his life on the farm. 
(For military record see Chap. VII.) They had eleven children: 

1. SARAH, b. in Newburyport, Mass., 1768, came with her father 

to L/yndeborough when three years old, m. 1795, William 
Richardson, and removed to Barre, Vt.; two children. 

2. JEREMIAH, b. 1770, in Newburyport, d. an infant. 

3. JEREMIAH, 2nd, b. in L/yndeborough May 10, 1772, m. 1798, 

Deborah Edwards, and removed to Barre, Vt.; nine chil- 

3. TIMOTHY, b. June i, 1774, m. 1801, Miss Huzza, and re- 
moved to Barre, Vt.; seven children. 

5. L/ois, b. Mar. 2, 1776, m. Caleb Taft and removed to Barre, 

Vt.; six children. 

6. MARY, b. Aug. 3, 1779, m. 1799, John Harwood ; removed to 

Mont Vernon ; six children. 

7. BETTY, b. Apr. 19, 1781. 

8. RHODA, b. June 27, 1783, m. 1806, Henry Cram. 

9. HANNAH, b. Sept. 16, 1785. 

10. DUDLEY, -f- 

11. MOSES, b. Sept. 7, 1792, m. 1818, Chloe Batchelder, lived 
at Amherst and New Ipswich, and 1832 removed to Os- 
wego, N. Y. 

DUDLEY CARLETON, son of Jeremiah and Lois (Hoyt) Carleton ; 
born June 23, 1788; married Dec. 24, 1817, Eliza, daughter of John and 
Ruth (Southwick) Proctor of Lyndeborough. She was born Mar. 8, 1796; 
died at Amherst, June 9, 1867. He died Nov. 19, 1873. He settled on 
the old homestead farm to take care of his parents. He built the brick 
house uow owned and occupied by E- C. Curtis. (Mr. Curtis owns prac- 


tically all of the Carleton farm.) In 1833 he sold part of the farm with 
the brick house to Amaziah Blanchard, and the rest to James O'Donnell, 
and in 1834 removed to Francestown, where he lived until 1838, when he 
removed to Amherst, where he died. Children : 

1. JOHN, b. July 16, 1819, m. May 13, 1858, Mary P., dau. 

of Abel and Polly (Proctor) Hill of Lyndeborough. She 
was b. Jan. 15, 1822. One son, John S., b. at Frances- 
town, May 18, 1861, d. at Amherst, Aug. 14, 1887. John 
Carleton d. in Amherst, July 31, 1891. 

2. ELIZA, b. Jan. 27, 1824. 

3. MARY Lois, b. Nov. 12, 1827, m. May 9, 1861, L/uther Cog- 

gin, Jr., of Amherst. Res. at Amherst. 


CHARLES CARR, and Rosa, his wife, resided in Lyndeborough for a 
number of years, removing to Wilton. They had two children born in 

1. C. LORENZO, b. Oct. 25, 1882. 

2. Annis R. b. March 4, 1887. 


WILLIAM CARSON was the first of that name to settle in Lyndebor- 
ough. He was born in Scotland in 1722. He was a brother or nephew of 
John Carson, the first settler in Francestown.* He lived in Francestown 
for a time, and then removed to Johnson's Corner. He probably came 
here in 1774 or 1775. He married Isabelle, daughter of John and Mary 
Johnson, and settled on land which is now the farm owned by Mrs. Kil- 
burn S. Curtis. He built the house which has been remodeled into the 
present building. He died in 1818, aged 96. They had four children, 
some of them said to have been born in Francestown : 

1. WILLIAM, -|- 

2. ROBERT, -}- 

3. MARY, -f 

4. ASA, -\- 

WILLIAM CARSON, son of William and Isabelle (Johnson) Carson ; 
born 1754; married Abigail, daughter of Nathaniel and Mary Harwood of 
Mont Vernon. The father died a short time before the birth of the 
youngest child, 1797. Children : 

1. JOHN, -f- 

2. WILLIAM, b. 1797, m. Dorcas Russell. They had two chil- 

dren, Eliza A. and Lafayette. Eliza A., m. Anson French 
of Wilton. Lafayette d. unm. 

*There is a variance of the records furnished me by a descendant of the family (Mrs. 
W. 1). Hooper of Mont Vernon) and those published in the Francestown History. She 
insists that John of Francestown never married, and that John, William and Robert 
were his nephews. It is immaterial to this History to enter into a controversy in regard 
to it. 


JOHN CARSON, son of William and Abigail (Harwood) Carson ; born 
Sept. 10, 1792; married 1813, Hannah Austin of Methuen, Mass. They 
had four children, two dying in infancy and two sons living to man- 
hood : 


2. ALEXANDER, -f- 

JOHN JOHNSON CARSON, son of John and Hannah (Austin) Car- 
son, born March 3, 1816 ; married June, 1840, Sarah, daughter of James 
and Azubah (Curtis) Hopkins of Mont Vernon. She was born March 

12, 1816 ; died Nov. 18, 1887. He died Sept. 16, 1896. Children : 

1. SARAH F., b. March, 1841, d. July, 1842. 

2. EMILY F., b. Jan. 16, 1843, m. David Upton, Sept. 7, 1854. 

Res. in New Boston. 

3. ADONIRAM J., b. March 27, 1845, d. September, 1847. 

4. GEORGE J., + 

5. HANNAH J., b. Feb. 2, 1851, d. August, 1853. 

6. HATTIE J., b. Oct. 19, 1852, m. Ira Parker of Mont Vernon 

June 24, 1878, d. June 26, 1881. 

7. FRANK P., b. March 26, 1855, m. Eda M. Carson, Aug. 24, 


GEORGE J. CARSON, son of John J. and Sarah (Hopkins) Carson, 
born Oct. 19, 1848 in Mont Vernon ; married June 14, 1877, Laura A., 
daughter of David D. and Sophronia (Dickinson) Clark of Lyndebor- 
ough. She was born March 7, 1852 ; died Nov. 24, 1903. Children : 

1. ROY C., b. in Mont Vernon, Dec. 8, 1879. 

2. CORA A., b. in Mont Vernon, Sept. 20, 1881, d. March 5, 


3. HATTIE M., b. at New Boston, Aug. 13, 1883. 

ALEXANDER CARSON, son of John and Hannah (Austin) Carson, 
born Dec. 17, 1822 ; married Dec. 20, 1843, Margaretta C., daughter of 
James and Azubah (Curtis) Hopkins of Mont Vernon. She was born Dec. 
14, 1822. Children born in Lyndeborough : 

i & 2. HELEN and ELLEN, twins, b. Sept. 30, 1844. Ellen 
d. May 3, 1859, Helen d. Oct. 14, 1867. 

3. MARTHA A., b. Feb. 28, 1846, m. May 9, 1878, Wallace D. 

Hooper, and res. in Mont Vernon. 

4. JOHN W., b. Nov. 16, 1847, m. Dec. 24, 1884, Julia A. 

Dodge of Francestown, res. in Francestown. 

5. ABBIE L,., b. June 9, 1853, d. Oct. 14, 1867. 

6. ALWILDA J., b. July i, 1854, d. Oct. 17, 1867. 

7. NETTIE M., b., Feb. 20, 1860, in Mont Vernon, m. March 

29, 1898, Nathaniel F. Hooper, res. in Mont Vernon. 


8. THERESA D., b. May 6, 1861, in Mont Vernon, d. June 6, 


ROBERT CARSON, son of William and Isabelle (Johnson) Carson. 
We have been unable to find any record of his family. He married and 
raised a family here, living on the Charles L. Perham farm. He is said 
to have removed with his family to Barre, Vt., and to have been one of 
the first settlers of that place. 

MARY CARSON, daughter of William and Isabelle (Johnson) Car- 
son; married Amos Wilkins. They had five children, Amos, Mary, 
Isabelle, Simon and Mark. Mary and Isabelle married two brothers by 
the name of Stone and went to Swampscott, Mass. Simon and Mark 
also settled there or in Lynn, Mass. Amos Wilkins left his family for 
some reason and was never heard from. 

ASA CARSON, son of William and Isabelle (Johnson) Carson, married 
Mrs. Elizabeth (Harwood) Lynch. (This widow Lynch had one daugh- 
ter, Artemesia, who married Capt. Ebenezer Russell of Lyndeborough.) 
Asa Carson and Elizabeth, his wife, had seven children born to them, 
none of them born at Lyndeborough. The Harwood sisters, who mar- 
ried William and Asa Carson, were sisters of Andrew Harwood of Perham 
Corner, and daughters of John and Abigail (Hastings) Harwood of Mont 


JOHN CARYL, born Sept. 16, 1791 ; married Lucy Clark, May, 1818. 
She was born Aug. 3, 1800; died May 14, 1835. He died May 30. 1882. 
Children : 

1. JOHN C., b. May 20, 1819. 

2. WILLIAM B., b. Dec. 4, 1820. 

3. NANCY, b. Jan. 29, 1823. 

4. OLIVE, b. June 5, 1825. 

5. CHRISTANNA, b. July 16, 1827. 

6. BENJAMIN W., b. Dec. i, 1829. 

7. LUCY H., b. June 27, 1832. 


The name Chamberlain appears very early in the history of Salem- 
Canada. Jonathan Chamberlain was the son of Capt. Samuel and Abi- 
gail (Hill) Chamberlain of Chelmsford, Mass. He was born there Feb. 
ii, 1711. On May 12, 1737, his father deeded him for "love and natural 
affection" a number of lots of land in Tyngs Township which " lyeth 
on the east side of Merrimack river between Suncook or Lovell's town 
(now Pembroke) and Litchfield." On Aug. 21, 1739, he sold this land to 
James Anderson of Londonderry. In that same year (1739), he removed 
to Salem-Canada. In 1740 or 1741 he married Elizabeth, daughter of 
John and Sarah Cram. They were his predecessors by one or two years 
in the township. It is evident that he returned to Chelmsford, Mass., 
and lived there for awhile, for their children are recorded as born in 
Chelmsford. But Mr. Rufus Chamberlain believes they were born in 


Salem-Canada, and there being no township records kept, they were 
recorded in Chelmsford, Mass. It is a fact that the older children of 
the daughters of John Cram are recorded in the towns where their 
husbands came "from. April 8, 1768, Jonathan Chamberlain received 
from the heirs of Joseph Cram of Lyndeborough, a deed of the south 
part of Lot No. 41, containing seventy-five acres. The consideration 
being, "the caring for and giving Christian burial to Joseph Cram." 
This farm is the one where Rufus Chamberlain now lives. Jonathan 
Chamberlain was a Revolutionary soldier. He, together with his son, 
Jonathan Jr., enlisted in Capt. Peter Clark's Company, and marched 
from Lyndeborough for Ticonderoga, July i, 1777. (See Chap. VII.) 
He was prominent in shaping the policy and management of the new 
town, and endured the hardships of frontier life. His wife was born 
1721, and died April 30, 1806. He died Jan. 19, 1795. Children : 

1. ELIZABETH, born April 30, 1742. 


3. SAMUEL, + 

4. OLIVE, b. Aug. 16, 1750, m. Benjamin Cram. 

5. SARAH, b. April 6, 1753, d. Jan. 5, 1797. 

6. MOLLY, b. May 10, 1756. 

7. JOHN, -f 

8. ABIGAIL, b. July 8, 1763. 

JONATHAN CHAMBERLAIN, son of Jonathan and Elizabeth (Cram) 
Chamberlain, born Feb. 26, 1743-4 ; married July 13, 1768, Margaret, 
daughter of Benjamin Cram and Elizabeth, his wife. She was born 1748. 
Like his father he was a soldier in the Continental army. He died April 
26, 1815. Children : 

1. BENJAMIN, b. April 7, 1770, m, Joanna Herrick. Rem. to 

Gardiner, Me. 

2. JONATHAN, b. March 17, 1772. Rem. to Hanover, N. H., 

and was the father of Eliza Chamberlain, who lived at the 
centre for many years. 

3. JOHN, b. March 26, 1774, m. Abigail Brown. Rem. to 

Hallowell, Me. 

4. ELIZABETH, b. June 3, 1776, m. Samuel Woodward. (See 

Woodward gen.) 

5. DAVID, b. Dec. 3, 1778. 

6. DANIEL, + 

7. MARGARET, b. Dec. 28, 1783, m. Cole. 

8. OLIVE, b. Aug. 4, 1788, m. Ephraim Woodward. (See 

Woodward gen.) 

9. NATHANIEL, b. March 3, 1791, m. 1816, Mary Knapp. He 

rem. to Covington, Ky.; later to Hudson, Mich.; d. Toledo, 
O., March 20, 1857. 


10. ASA, b. April 10, 1793. 

11. JOSEPH, b. Nov. 12, 1795, m. Burton. Rem. to 


DANIEL CHAMBERLAIN, son of Jonathan and Margaret (Cram) 
Chamberlain, b. March 6, 1781 ; married Hannah, daughter of Daniel 
and Patience Pearsons of Lyndeborough. She died July 29, 1873. He 
removed to Woburn, Mass., where he died May 5, 1874. Children re- 
corded as born at Lyndeborough : 

1. HANNAH, b. Dec. 14, 1815. 

2. CHLOE, b. June 23, 1817. 

3. DIANTHA, b. Aug. 27, 1819. 

4. AMANDA, b. Nov. n, 1824. 

5. DANIEL, b. Oct. 30, 1826. 

SAMUEL CHAMBERLAIN, son of Jonathan and Elizabeth (Cram) 
Chamberlain, born April 4, 1745; married first, Hannah, who died Sept. 
25, 1784; second, Naomi Richardson. He died in 1812 or 1813, and his 
widow, Naomi, died in 1850 or 1851. He was a soldier in the Continental 
Army. (See Chapter VII.) Children by first wife : 

1. HANNAH, b. April 28, 1775, m. Burnham. Rem. to 


2. ELIZABETH, b. May 8, 1777, d. June 13, 1780. 

3. SAMUEL, + 

4. AMY, b. Feb. 14, 1781. 

5. BETSEY, b. April 18, 1783. 

6. BENJAMIN, b. Jan. 30, 1786, m. Ordway. Rem. to 

New York. 

7. RACHEL, b. Oct. 6, 1787, m. Thomas Dutton. 

8. JOSEPH, -|- 

9. PETER, b. Nov. 9, 1791. Rem. to New York. 

10. NAOMI, b. Nov. 25, 1793. 
By second wife : 

11. SILAS, b. Feb. 20, 1797. 

12. SARAH, b. April 10, 1800. 

13. PHINEAS A., b. April 4, 1802, d. March 10, 1803. 

14. L/EVi,, b. June 29, 1804. Rem. to New Boston. 

15. OLIVE, b. Oct. 5, 1807, d. young. 

SAMUEL CHAMBERLAIN, son of Samuel and Hannah Chamberlain, 
born May 4, 1779 ; married first, Olive ; second, Hepsibah . 

Children : 

1. EDA, b. Dec. 21, 1810. 

2. WILLIAM, b. Oct. 18, 1812. 


3. PHILLIP, b. July 25, 1814. 

4. HANNAH, b. March 12, 1816. 
By second wife : 

5. HEMAN SARGENT, b. Feb. 16, 1820. 

JOSEPH CHAMBERLAIN, son of Samuel and Naomi (Richardson) 
Chamberlain, born Dec. 12, 1789; married Dec. 27, 1817, Sarah Abbott of 
Chelmsford, Mass. She was born March 19, 1792; died, May 31, 1857. 
He died Aug. 30, 1862. After serving in the War of 1812 (See Chapter 
IX), he went to Milford. He was a brick maker by trade, and came 
back to his native town about 1825. Children : 

1. RUFUS, + 

2. JOSEPH, b. at Milford, Feb. 22, 1821, m. Oct. 31, 1844, Mary 

A. Drew of Somersworth, b. April 3, 1824. After many 
removals he settled in Paxton, Mass., where he died Sept. 
18, 1886. His wife d. at Cambridgeport, Mass., Dec. 6, 
1886. Children: Horace E., Ella E., George A., Fred 

3. SALLY, b. at Milford, March n, 1823, m. July 15, 1847, 

Charles Blanchard of Milford. 

4. OTIS, b. at I/yndeborough, Jan. 8, 1826, m. first, May, 1849, 

Clara S. Holt. She d. June 10, 1852 ; second, Nov. 24, 
1852, Martha K., dau. of Jonas and Mary (Hall) Wheeler. 
She was b. Nov. 23, 1834. He rem. from I^yndeborough 
and for a number of years was engaged in lumbering in 
Canada. He subsequently settled in Grafton, N. H. 
Children : Emery O., Woodbury O., Fred W. 

5. OLIVE, born at I,yndeborough, Jan. 20, 1828, m. Edwin N. 

Patch. (See Patch gen.) 

6. SUSAN, b. at Wilton, Oct. 29, 1830, d. Aug. 17, 1832. 

7. HARVEY, b. at L/yndeborough, March 2, 1833, m. Sept. 21, 

1862, Sarah J. L,ibbey of Warren. Rem. to Rivere de 
L,oupe, Canada, where he d. Sept. o, 1867. Child : Harry 

RUFUS CHAMBERLAIN, son of Joseph and Sarah Abbott Chamber- 
lain, born at Milford, June 5, 1819 ; married May 20, 1843, Martha Jane 
Upton. She was born at Lyndeborough, Jan. 21, 1821 ; died May 24, 
1892. He is of the seventh generation from Thomas Chamberlain of 
Woburn, Mass., who is presumed to be the immigrant ancestor of the 
Chamberlains of Lyndeborough. He is the only descendant in the male 
line now living in Lyndeborough of the many Chamberlains born here. 
The rest have emigrated to many parts of the country. In early life he 
worked in the cotton mills of Lowell, Mass., but returned to Lyndebor- 
ough and settled on the homestead farm which has been in the family 


since 1768. He has always taken a lively interest in the business affairs 
of the town, and has filled many offices of trust. For nine years he 
was selectman and helped guide the financial matters of the town during 
the closing years of the Civil War, when Lyndeborough, in common 
with most of the towns of New Hampshire, was burdened with a heavy 
debt. He has been a trusted counsellor of the political party to which 
he belonged, and whose principles he was ever ready to defend. He was 
the parish sexton for more than forty years. Children : 

1. EMILY, b. March 3, 1844, m. May 18, 1865, Charles F. Tar- 

bell. (See Tarbell gen.) 

2. WALTER, b. Oct. 2, 1846. Was a soldier in the Civil War, 

and d. at New Orleans, L,a., May 7, 1863. (See Chapter 

3. ELIZA ANN, b. Oct. 16, 1848, m. Dec. 4, 1867, Charles H. 

Wilson of Deering. He was b. June 20, 1838. Children : 
Willis H., Eugene R., Alice M., Walter C. 

4. SARAH FLORENCE, b. Sept. 23, 1850, d. Feb. 26, 1853. 

5. FRANK, b. Oct. 9, 1852, m. Oct. 23, 1873, Sarah M. Barrett. 

Res. in Worcester. Children : Mabel Otis, Alton I,. 

6. WILLIS BROOKS, b. June 25, 1854, m. April 30, 1879, S. 

Cornelia Maynard of South Lancaster, Mass. Children : 
Emma C., Marion It. 

7. RUFUS WARREN, b. May u, 1856, m. Dec. 25, 1876, Carrie 

J.Wallace. Res. at Omaha, Neb. Children: Fred W., 
Walter, Fannie M., Martha F. 

JOHN CHAMBERLAIN, son of Jonathan and Elizabeth (Cram) 
Chamberlain, born Sept. 16, 1759; married Molly . Children re- 
corded as born in Lyndeborough : 

1. MOLLY, b. March 27, 1783. 

2. JOHN, -{- 

3. SARAH, b. May 30, 1787. 

4. MARTHA, b. March 28, 1789. 

5. ABIGAIL, b. June 25, 1791. 

6. ELIOT, b. Feb. i, 1793, d. Jan. 12, 1796. 

7. ELIZABETH, b. Feb. 21, 1795. 

8. JONATHAN, b. Feb. 8, 1797, d. Feb. 5, 1797. 

9. L/YDIA, b. April 10, 1798. 

10. CHLOE, b. Aug. 5, 1800. 

u. ELIOT, b. May 12, 1802, d. Oct. 10, 1802. 

JOHN CHAMBERLAIN, son of John and Molly Chamberlain, 

born April 18, 1785 ; married Lucy . Children recorded as born in 

Lyndeborough : 


1. CATHARINE M., b. Dec. 10, 1812. 

2. WILLIAM B., b. July 18, 1814. 

3. JOHN R., b. Oct. i, 1816. 

4. JOSEPH M., b. Aug. 5, 1818. 


HARRY R. CHASE, son of Rufus and Mary A. (Blanchard) Chase, 
b. Nov. 3, 1865; married Dec. 21, 1897, Alice J., daughter of Henry F. 
and Mary J. (Simonds) Matthews of Wilton. She was born April 9, 
1865. He has been selectman and represented the town in the Legisla- 
ture, is a prosperous farmer and resides in Perham Corner. Children : 

1. HAZEL J., b. Nov. 17, 1898. 

2. L,ILLA B., b. March 8, 1902. 


WARD N. CHEEVER came to Lyndeborough from Lunenburg, Mass., 
in 1861, and settled in South Lyndeborough. He has been the "Village 
Blacksmith " until the present writing. He united the tilling of the 
soil with the blacksmith's trade and by industry and perseverance turned 
some of the roughest land into smiling fields and orchards. He was 
born July 21, 1831 ; married Amanda E. Chandler of Fairfield, Vt., Nov. 
9, 1855. She was born Julys, 1833; died June u, 1902. Children, all 
but one born in Lyndeborough : 

1. L,IZZIE J., b. in lyunenburg, Mass., June 23, 1860, m. L/ucas 

Young of Manchester. 

2. WARD E., b. Sept, 13, 1862. 

3. WILLIAM H., -|- 

4. HATTIE A., b. Oct. 20, 1871, d. March 27, 1874. 

5. HERBERT A., + 

WILLIAM H. CHEEVER, son of Ward N. and Amanda (Chandler) 
Cheever, born June 15, 1864 ; married first, May Clark ; second, Carrie 
E., daughter of William and Ellen (Karr) Duncklee of Greenfield, 
March 10, 1887. She was born March 9, 1869. Children born in Lynde- 
borough : 

1. HARRY W., b. July 5, 1888. 

2. ALICE M., b. Feb. 4, 1891. 

3. CHARLES E., b. Nov. 14, 1893. 

4. PERLEY W., b. Sept. 26, 1897. 

5. HOWARD I,., b. June 4, 1903. 

HERBERT A. CHEEVER, son of Ward N. and Amanda (Chandler) 
Cheever, born Oct. 10, 1873 ; married S. May, daughter of John C. and 
Mercy M. (Wood) Miller of Lyndeborough, Oct. 20, 1894. She was born 
Nov. 19 1863, and died March 7, 1901 ; married second, Jan. i, 1903, Carrie 
L., daughter of George L. and Hannah (Gibson) Marsh, born Jan. i, 1877. 
Children by first wife born in Lyndeborough : 


i. RALPH J., b. July 4, 1895. 
5. SILAS W., b. Feb. 14, 1897. 
3. MARY N., b. Aug. 18, 1898. . 


MOSES CHENERY was born in Watertown, Mass., Oct. 9, 1796; 
married Nancy A. Haley of Jamaica Plain, Mass. She was born May, 
1796 ; died April 8, 1869. He came to Lyndeborough and bought the 
farm owned and occupied by a Mr. Webber. The house was built by 
Timothy Ordway, Sr., where Chas. J. Cummings now lives. Mr. Chenery 
lived there until his death, June 17, 1861. Children : 

1. HARRIET J., m. Dr. William A. Jones. (See Jones gen.) 

2. ALMIRA D., b. Oct. 13, 1838, d. in 1849. 


JOHN CHENERY, born July 7, 1826; married Mrs. Mary D. Well- 
man of Temple, Aug. 13, 1862. She was born Dec. 8, 1833. He died 
Nov. 22, 1904. Children : 

1. ELSIE JANE, b. Oct. 6, 1863, d. Aug. 17, 1864. 

2. ANGIE F., b. Jan. 8, 1869, m. John W. Follansbee of Mont 

Vernon, Sept. 6, 1887. 


born in Newport, May 9, 1815; died at New Fairfield, Conn., May 16, 
1877 ; married Mary A. Paine. We can get no record of the dates of the 
birth of their children, all born in Lyndeborough. But they were bap- 
tized as follows : 

1. ERASTUS PRENTICE, b. Sept., 1845, bap. Jan. i, 1847. 

2. SUMNER EVERETT, bap. June 29, 1848. 

3. ELIZABETH PAINE, bap. July i, 1852. 

4. CHARLES WENTWORTH, bap. Nov. 7, 1858. 

5. HENRY MORRIS, bap. Sept. 4, 1862. 


MAJ. PETER CLARK came to Lyndeborough Jan. 23, 1775, from 
Braintree, Mass. His brother John came the same year from the same 
place. They were descendants of Hugh Clark, who came to this country 
from England and settled in Watertown, Mass. 

Peter and John were of the fifth generation from Hugh Clark. 

Peter was born Feb. 4, 1743; married Hannah Eppes of Braintree, 
Mass., Oct. 20, 1763. She died Dec. 21, 1814. He died Oct. 14, 1826. He 
settled on lot no, second division, where Henry E. Holden now lives. 
Soon after coming to Lyndeborough he joined the Continental Army, and 
in 1775 was commissioned a captain in the gth regiment, N. H. Militia. 


(See p. 592). After the war he returned home, and was evidently a 
very useful citizen. He was moderator, town clerk and selectman in 
1777, and it would be interesting to know just how he performed the 
duties of those offices on town meeting day. He was moderator in 1777, 
1783, 1788, 1792, 1793, 1796, 1798 and 1800 ; town clerk, 1777, 1778, 1788, 
1789, 1793 ; selectman, 1777, 1778, 1788, 1789, 1793, 1800, and 1801 ; repre- 
sentative to the General Court in 1790, 1791, 1792, 1794. In politics he 
was a " federalist," in religion a " puritan." He had a profound regard 
for the Scriptures, and was very regular in his devotions. He was a 
strict observer of the Sabbath and regular in his attendance at church. 
He was chosen "deacon " of the Congregational church in 1783 and re- 
tained the office until his death, although he voluntarily ceased to 
officiate some years before. He was a man of much influence in civil and 
religious life, and during the early years of his official duties, was one of 
the very few men in the town of his adoption who were regarded quali- 
fied to transact the business of the town. He was very systematic in his 
habits. He wore the long stockings, knee and shoe buckles and the old 
fashioned cue as long as he lived. 

He built a "pottery" and manufactured the brown earthenware that 
was in such common use in those days. His son Peter also built a "pot- 
tery " near where John H. Goodrich lives, and the two did an extensive 
business. The clay was brought from Amherst, N. H., and the products 
of the potteries, crocks, jugs, bean pots, etc., were peddled out in the 
neighboring towns. It is said that more business was done around these 
"plants" in those days than anywhere else in town. The old pottery 
was destroyed about fifty years ago. He was one of the few who kept a 
diary of events in those days, and we here insert extracts from it of the 
stirring times of the Revolutionary War; also a letter written to his 
family from the battlefield of Bennington : 

Jan. 23, 1775 Set out for L,yndeborough with my family 

" 25, " Arrived at Lyndeborough 

Feb. 20, " ,1/ayed out the Highway through my field from the mill to 


Mar. 15, " Began to saw at my mill 

Apr. 6, " Hauled timber for my house 

" 19, " The fight began at Concord 

Oct. 25, " Hauled timber for barn and shop 

Nov. 2, " Raised my house. Killed my ox 

Dec. 29, " Finished boarding my house 

Feb. i, 1776 Began to build my chimney 

" 26, " MOVED in to my HOUSE 

July 9, " Raised my barn 

" 12, " Raised 17 men for Concord 

Aug. 10, " Set out for Bennington 

" n, " Arrived at do. 

" 14, " Marched out of Bennington 

" 1 6, " Battle fought at St. Croix 

" 25, " Hooper of New Boston died with his wound 

Sept. 6, " Marched to St. Croix 

" 10, " Marched for Stillwater 


Sept. 18, 1776 Set out from Stillwater for home 

" 20, " Set out from Bennington 

" 24, " Arrived at Lyndeborough 

" 29, " Orders came to raise men 

Oct. 4, 1777 Set out to go to the army 

" 7, " Arrived at Bennington 

" 9, " Marched from Benniugton as far as St. Croir 

" 10, " Arrived at Batten Hill 

" u, " Marched for Fort Edward 

" 12, " Arrived at Fort Edward 

" 14, " Marched at night to Fort George 

" 15, " Returned to Fort Edward 

" 16, " Marched to Saratoga 

" 17, " Burgoin and his army gave up and marched off 

" 18, " We set out from Saratoga 

" 19, " Lodged at Mrs. Rown 

" 21, " Lodged in Northfield 

" 22, " Lodged in Dublin 

" 23, " Arrived at Lyndeborough 

Apr. 3, 1779 Fell wood by Richardson's 

June 15, " Ruben Bachelder raised his house 

July 20, " Went to Goffstown to muster men 

Sept. 6, " Raysed men for Portsmouth 

Oct. 20, " Esq. Fuller run the line between Mr. Bullock and I 

Jan. 24, 1780 School began at Capt. Barren's 

May 19, " dark day at n o'clock as Dark as night 

Nov. 25, " School-house burnt 

Dec. 4, " Worked on School house 

Ang. 14, 1793 Raised school house 

Nov. 21, " Jonathan Barren drowned 

May 20, 1797 Had the last newspaper 

July 22, " Began to take the paper 

Jan.' 4 i2, 1800 Meeting-house dressed in mourning for Gen 1 Washington 

Nov. 4, " Polly Lewis ran away with Dickerman 

Dec. 24, " Town singing school began here 

Dec. 2, 1801 Raised horse shed at meeting-house. 

The following is a letter written by Capt. Peter Clark to his 
wife from Bennington, Vt. 

Bennington (VT) Aug 18, 1777 

These with my love to you and my dear children and Brothers and 
Sisters. Hoping you are well as I am at present Except something of a 
cold and much Fatagued with marching and last Saturday's action. We 
are now about twenty miles east of Stillwater. We came to this Town 
last Monday from Manchester, last Wednesday the whole Brigade was 
paraded to march to Stillwater and while under arms the General Received 
intelligence that there was a Large Body of the enemy coming to Destroy 
the Stores at Bennington. Where upon the Brigade was Dismissed until 
towards night, and then sent off Lt. Coll Gray of Londonderry with 
about two Hundred men who early the next morning Discovered the 
enemy at a mill about 7 miles from this place, and finding them a Large 



body after firing at each other a few times Retreated and met the Brigade 
about halfway between this mill and Bennington where the Brigade 
made a stand and threw up a " Slity " brest work, the enemy came down 
within about a mile & ^ of us and made a stand. Their number we 
could not find out, but it appears by prisoners taken there was about 15 
hundred. The next day was Friday and by Reason of Rainy wether noth- 
ing of any Consequence was done. The next day Saturday Aug. 16 at 20 
minutes past three in the afternoon the Battle began in earnest we Being 
at this time on Every part of them and as near as I can tell I think the 
battle held about > an hour and was Equal to Bunker Hill Excepting 
there was not as many cannon, the Enemy had two Brass Field pieces, 
we had none, the I/ord of Hosts sent them off in such hast they Left their 
all and run. However we took many of them but here i must not End 
for we had another battle much harder than the first for we were all most 
tired out, and many of our people gone with the Prisoners, and those that 
pursued those that fled were tnett by two Regements of Hessia Regulars 
about Eight Hundred besides Torys who were all fresh hands who had 
not been in the first Battle which brought on another Battle, which con. 
tinued untill dark, but finally they were obliged to flee before us and 
leave behind them two more Brass field pieces, small arms, and other 
things. So God gave us a Compleat Victory over them. Many think it 
to be all things considered the greatest Victory won since the war by the 
Americans. Peter Clark. 

Children of Maj. Peter Clark and Hannah (Eppes) Clark, five 
younger born in L/yndeborough : 

i. PETER, + 

2. W ItU AM, -f- 

3. DANIEL, + 

4. BENJAMIN, -}- 

5. FRANCIS, b. Feb. 25, 1772, d. July 14, 1773. 

6. FRANCIS, + 

7. HANNAH, b. March 14, 1776, d. April 3, 1776. 

8. SAMUEL, + 

9. HANNAH, b. May 8, 1780, m. Jonathan Parker of Chelms- 

ford, Mass. 

10. DEBORAH, m. Isaiah Parker of Chelmsford, Mass. (See 
Parker gen.) 

11. JOHN, + 

PETER CLARK, son of Peter and Hannah (Epps) Clark, was born 
Sept. 27, 1764; married Elizabeth Punchard of Salem, Mass., July, 1783. 
He removed to Brownington, Vt., but returned to I/yndeborough, where 
he died Feb. 3, 1851. Children, born in I/yndeborough : 

i. PETER, b. Aug. 13, 1784, m. Jane Aiken, who was b. 
March 10, 1785. He d. Dec. 25, 1853. He lived in Fran- 
cestown and Nashua, ultimately removing to Boston. He 


was a man of much enterprise, had large business inter- 
ests and was closely connected with the railroad interests 
of New England. Children : Peter, John L,., Benjamin, 
Jane M., James G. 
2. BENJAMIN, b. July i, 1787, d. Jan. 5, 1806. 

WILLIAM CLARK, son of Peter and Hannah (Epps) Clark, was born 
May 18, 1766; married Dec. 20, 1787, Sarah Barren of Lyndeborough. 
She was born 1771 ; died March 14, 1855. He died Nov. n, 1855. He 
was a farmer and drover, and was selectman in 1798, 1799, 1800, 1801, 
and 1802. Children, all born in Lyndeborough : 

1. SARAH, b. Sept. 8, 1788, m. Daniel Gould of L/yndeborough, 

and rem. to Illinois. 

2. WILLIAM, -(- 

3. HANNAH, b. Feb. 13, 1793, m. Alfred Killam of L/yndebor- 

ough, d. Feb. 19, 1812, of spotted fever. 

4. JONATHAN, -|- 

5. PETER, + 

6. L,UCY, b. Aug. 3, 1800, m. John Caryl of L/yndeborough. 

(See Caryl gen.) 

7. DEBORAH, b. May 3, 1803, d. Feb. 19, 1812, of spotted fever. 

8. OLIVE, b. Aug. 5, 1805, m. Samuel Jones of L/yndeborough. 

(See Jones gen.) 

9. BENJAMIN F., -}- 

10. MICAH, B., b. Dec. 19, 1810, d. July 30, 1811. 

11. HANNAH D., b. Oct. 12, 1812, d. Feb. 13, 1865, m. George 
F. Gilmore of Pittsburg, Pa. 

12. BARRON, b. Sept. 8, 1815, d. April 18, 1826. 

REV. WILLIAM CLARK, son of Wm. and Sarah (Barren) Clark; 
born Jan. 31, 1791 ; died June 25, 1853 ; married Nancy Herrick of Green- 
field, N. H., May, 1814. She was born March i, 1788; died July 4, 1850. 
He was licensed to preach Sept., 1832 ; removed to Carlyle, N. Y., where 
he was for many years pastor of a Presbyterian church. Children, born 
in Lyndeborough : 

1. HANNAH E., b. Feb. 16, 1815; m. Dr. J. H. Ells, Nov. 27, 


2. MARY H., b. Dec. n, 1816, d. April, 1855. 

3. NANCY D., b. Aug. 13, 1818, d. Dec., 1884. 
JONATHAN CLARK, born July 4, 1795 ; married Sarah Putnam of 

Lyudeborough, Dec. 16, 1817. She was born Aug. 19, 1793 ; died May 30, 
1890. He died Oct. 23, 1879. Children, all born in Lyudeborough : 

1. JONATHAN, b. March 8, 1819, d. Aug. 8, 1822. 

2. JONATHAN B., b. June 7, 1822, rem. to California, d. Dec. 

24, 1876. 


3. DAVID P., -f 

4. SARAH M., b. June 26, 1825, m. C. A. Blood of North 

Chelmsford, Mass., d. Dec. 24, 1894. 

5. BENJAMIN, b. Nov. 3, 1827, d. Feb. 6, 1831. 

6. ABBY A., b. Oct. 3, 1830, m. Hiram Cummings of L/owell, 

Mass., Feb. n, 1849, d. Nov. 16, 1889. 

7. HANNAH D., b. April 3, 1834, res. in Methuen, Mass. 

DAVID P. CLARK, born Nov. 14, 1823; removed to North Chelms- 
ford, Mass.; married Jan. 31, 1848, Eliza J. Blood of North Chelmsford, 
Mass. She was born Oct. 26, 1825. Children: 

1. ABBY F. 

2. FRANK H. 

3. I, AURA E. 

4. EMMA A. 

5. MARY G. 

CAPT. PETER CLARK, son of William and Sarah (Barren) Clark; 
born Oct. 12, 1797 ; married first, Sarah, daughter of Benjamin and Chloe 
(Farrington) Jones of Lyndeborough, Nov. 20, 1823. She was born Dec. 
21, 1798; died Feb. 16, 1839; married second, Lucy, daughter of Benja- 
min and Sarah (Clark) Goodrich of Lyndeborough, Feb. 19, 1840. She 
was born Jan. 13, 1808 ; died July 6, 1878. He died Sept. 25, 1879. 

He received his education in the common schools of the town, and 
when a young man learned the potter's trade, at which he worked for 
several years. He took great interest in military affairs, and joined a 
cavalry company attached to the 22nd Regiment, N. H. Militia, which 
was composed of men from Lyndeborough and adjoining towns, and rose 
to the rank of captain, and by this title he was ever afterward known. 
He united with the Congregational church in early life, and was a con- 
stant attendant at church and served as warden many years. In 1842 he 
removed to North Chelmsford, Mass., where he lived five years, return- 
ing to North Lyndeborough in 1847. In 1854 he purchased the farm at 
the "Centre" known as the "Squire" Stiles place, where the remainder 
of his life was passed. He was a genial man, fond of a song or story, a 
kind, helpful neighbor and hospitable to all. 

He was the hero of an incident that was much talked of at the time : 
While travelling alone about two miles south of Amherst village on the 
afternoon of July 18, 1850, he was attacked by two highwaymen, who 
sprang from the woods a little in advance of his team. One seized his 
horse by the bit, while the other presented a pistol at his head and de- 
manded " his money or his life." But they were mistaken in their man. 
Capt. Clark had the courage and grit of his Revolutionary ancestors, and 
did not propose to surrender valuables without a struggle. His only 
weapon was a heavily loaded whip in the wagon. Seizing this he sprang 
upon his assailant, dealing him a blow that felled him to the ground. At 
the same instant the other man fired point blank at Mr. Clark's head, 
the pistol being held so close that his face was filled with powder ; then 
ensued a hand to hand struggle, the frightened horse meanwhile turning 


around in the road. His assailants getting the worst of the encounter, 
jumped into the wagon and drove rapidly away, leaving Mr. Clark master 
of the situation, but minus his team. He walked to Amherst village, 
where his burned and blood-stained face created much excitement. His 
horse was driven to Boston that night. It was subsequently recovered, 
but that ninety-mile drive practically ruined it. The town of Amherst 
offered a reward of two hundred dollars for the capture of the footpads, 
but they were never found. Children, all born in Lyndeborough. but 
William H.: 
By first wife : 

1. BENJAMIN JONES, b. Dec. 26, 1824, d. Jan. 23, 1899. Was 

a soldier in the Civil War. (See Chap. X.) 

2. SARAH DEBORAH, b. Dec. 27, 1827, m. Thomas P. Rand of 

Francestown, d. Nov. 14, 1904. (See Rand gen.) 
By second wife : 

3. WILLIAM H., b. Nov. 1 6, 1844, in North Chelmsford, Mass., 

m. Abby K., dau. of Thomas P. and L/ydia (Wheeler) Rand 
of Francestown, Dec. 15, 1875. She was born July 31, 
1855. Res. on Clark homestead, and is an enterprising and 
prosperous farmer. 

4. LUCY ARABELLA, b. March 10, 1848, m. Ramsey C. Bout- 

well, Nov. 20, 1872. He was a son of the Rev. Thurston 
Boutwell, b. in Minnesota, May 16, 1837, d. April 24, 1898. 

REV. BENJAMIN F. CLARK, born Feb. 23, 1808 ; married Mehitable 
Atwood of Lyndeborough, Nov. 23, 1837. She was born Nov. 29, 1806 ; 
died June 6, 1853. He died May 28, 1879, at North Chelmsford, Mass. 
In his youth he learned the potter's trade. In 1826 he united with the 
Congregational Church at Lyndeborough, He soon felt himself called 
to preach the gospel, but pecuniary disaster rendered his father unable 
to help him to an education. Hearing of special facilities in Tennessee 
for those who were willing to carve out their own fortunes, in April, 1827, 
he set out for that distant region and found his way to Boston with a 
bundle of clothing and twenty-five dollars in his pocket. Thence with 
two companions he took a packet to Baltimore. Resting here a short 
time, he set out on foot with one of his companions for Marysville, East 
Tennessee, 500 miles. Reaching his destination in June he connected 
himself with the literary department of the Southwestern Theological 
Seminary. He was not long satisfied with the instruction here, and in 
March, 1829, he found his way 350 miles, again on foot, to Oxford, Ohio. 
To defray the expense of this journey, he sold his watch and overcoat. 
At Oxford he completed his preparatory studies and entered Miami 
University, graduating with high honor in 1833. By acting as private 
tutor in mathematics and teaching singing, with the economy taught by 
necessity, he was able to support and educate himself. 

He was principal of Rising Sun Seminary, in Rising Sun, Indiana, 
from October, 1833, to October, 1834 ; studied theology at Lane Semi- 
nary two years and a half, commencing in the autumn of 1834. Here, 


among other eminent teachers he enjoyed the instruction of Lyman 
Beecher. Licensed to preach by the Presbytery of Oxford, Ohio, in 
October, 1837, he returned to his home in Lyndeborough. He married 
first, Mehitable, daughter of Paul and Judith Atwood of Lyndeborough. 
Three children were the result of this union. She died June 16, 1853, 
and he married second, Mrs. Julia Ann Atwood of Amherst, N. H., 
widow of the late Dr. Moses Atwood of New Boston, N. H. She died 
at North Chelmsford, Mass., Feb. 4, 1889. 

The pastor of the church in Lyndeborough being ill, Mr. Clark sup- 
plied his pulpit the first seven months in 1838, also Mt. Vernon and 
Francestown pulpits three months of the same year. 

From January, 1839, until August, 1839, he was at Andover Theologi- 
cal Seminary. In August, 1839, he was ordained pastor of the Congregat- 
ional Church at North Chelmsford, Mass. At this time this church had 
been without a pastor seven years and was greatly reduced, but with his 
accustomed heartiness and energy, he entered into the work of building 
up the village, schools and church, and was eminently successful, retain- 
ing his interest in them all through life. 

During his ministry there were received by profession, 105 ; by letter, 
77 ; total, 182. His salary all through his pastorate was $600. He never 
had a vacation. He preached three times each Sabbath. A good singer, 
he was instrumental in improving the singing of the Sabbath School 
and choir. 

He was genial and companionable, of a very social disposition, fond of 
a story, apt at a joke and as ready to take as to give a pleasantry. He 
was quite popular in his vicinity as a lyceum lecturer. One of his best 
lectures was entitled " Changes in New England manners and customs 
during the last 70 years," illustrated by old folks in costume singing 
songs" of Ye olden time " carding and spinning on the large and small 
wheels etc. This led the way for the old folks' concerts so popular for a 

Mr. Clark was on the school committee of Chelmsford for 20 years and 
for many years and up to the time of his death a director in the Stony 
Brook Railroad Corporation. He died at North Chelmsford, Mass., 
May 28, 1879.* Children, all by first wife : 

1. JOHN H., b. Dec. 25, 1838, m. Marion, dau. of Neil Mc- 

Lane of New Boston. 

2. FRANCELIA, Feb. i, 1844, d. April 15, 1858. 

3. MARY E., b. Nov. n, 1847, d. July 17, 1849. 

DANIEL CLARK, son of Maj. Peter and Hannah (Epps) Clark, born 
March 14, 1768 ; married Mary Whitmarsh of Lyndeborough, Nov. 25, 
1790. She was born Sept. 20, 1768; died April 3, 1852. He died Aug. n, 
1828. Children : 

1. MARY, b. Sept. 27, 1791, d. May 9, 1841. 

2. DANIEL, b. March 26, 1793, m. Sally Hall. He d. 1863. 

* The facts, and often the exact language of this sketch are taken from the Memorial 
Address at the funeral of Rev. Benj. F. Clark, May 31, 1879, by Wni. P. Alcott, acting 


3. PETER, b. Aug. n, 1794, m. Betsey Whitmarsh, Dec. 2?, 
1817, d. Oct. 18, 1855. She was b. May 17, 1789, d. Aug. 
5, 1849. 

BENJAMIN CLARK, son of Maj. Peter and Hannah (Epps) Clark ; 
born Feb. 26, 1770"; married Susanna Bass of Braintree, Mass., Feb. 7, 
1793. She was born May 16, 1768; died Nov. 3, 1824. He died Aug. n, 
1844. Children, born in Lyndeborough : 

1. HANNAH, b. Dec. 3, 1793. 

2. SUSANNA, b. Jan. 29, 1795, d. Dec. 29, 1796. 

3. FRANCIS, b. May i, 1796, m. Julia L/iscomb, June 5, 1821. 

4. BENJAMIN, b. Feb. 23, 1798, m. Sophie Knight, May 21, 


5. JONATHAN, b. Jan. 25, 1800, d. Jan. 4, 1889, m. Hannah 


6. PETER, b. Jan. 24, 1802, m. Philena Mann, Sept. 12, 1827. 

7. DR. HOWARD, b. Jan. 31, 1804, m. Gilty L/etson, July 13, 


8. SUSANNA, b. Dec. 12, 1805, d. Dec. 15, 1805. 

9. DANIEL, b. Nov. n, 1806, m. Elizabeth Avery, Mar. 6, 1827. 

10. WILLIAM, b. Nov. 2, 1808, d. Nov. 19, 1808. 

11. WILLIAM, b. March 19, 1811, m. Fanny H. Silver, Oct. 4, 


12. HENRY, b. Sept. 15, 1815, m. Harriet D. Badger, March 

22, 1838. 

FRANCIS CLARK, son of Maj. Peter and Hannah (Epps) Clark ; born 
April 14, 1774 ; married Mehitable Gould of Lyndeborough, Dec. 24, 1795. 
He died Oct. 21, 1824. Children : 

1. DORCAS, b. Nov. 25, 1796. 

2. MEHITABLE, b. Oct. 31, 1798. 

3. DEBORAH, b. May 16, 1801, d. Oct. 29. 1812. 

4. POLLY, b. April 21, 1803, m. Jonathan Dodge, Jan. i, 1824. 

5. FRANCIS, b. June 16, 1805. 

6. Harriet, b. Aug. 27, 1808. 

7. PAULINA, b. Sept. 6, 1811, d. March 2, 1843. 

8. DEBORAH, b. Sept. 21, 1813, d. July, 1834. 

9. CHARLES L,., b. Dec. 2, 1816. 

10. WILLIAM, b. July 6, 1819. 

SAMUEL CLARK, son of Maj. Peter and Hannah (Epps) Clark ; born 
March 19, 1777; married first, Betsey Cleaves; she died Oct. i, 1825; 
married second, Abigail Currier. He died April 17, 1857. Children: 

1. BETSEY, b. 1795. 

2. HENRY, b. 1798, d, 1802. 


3. MARY, b. 1802, m. Trueworthy Oilman, d. Nov. 15, 1843. 

4. CLARISSA, b. 1805, m. Franklin Rand, Oct. 16, 1839. 

5. EMILY, b. 1807, m. Capt. Richard Hall. 

6. PAULINA, b. 1809, m. Robert Webb. 

DBA. JOHN CLARK, son of Maj. Peter and Hannah (Epps) Clark ; 
born Jan. 4, 1785 ; married first, Margaret Rand of Lyndeborough, Nov. 
18, 1806. She was born June 15, 1782 ; died Aug. 31, 1846. Married sec- 
ond, Nancy Patterson of Greenfield, N. H., Dec. 9, 1847. He died March 
J 9> ^55- He removed to New Ipswich, N. H., and became a prominent 
and influential citizen. Children : 

1. MARY, b. Oct. 4, 1807, in Lyndeborough. 

2. HANNAH, b. June 16, 1809, in Lyndeborough. 

3. DEBORAH, b. Oct. 12, 1811, in Lyndeborough. 

4. JOHN PRESCOTT, b. April n, 1814, in Lyndeborough. 

5. PETER H., b. in New Ipswich, Dec. n, 1816. 

6. JAMES R., b. in New Ipswich, Nov. 27, 1822. 

JOHN CLARK came to Lyndeborough from Braintree, Mass., in 1775. 
He settled on lot 126, second division, near the North Lyndeborough 
schoolhouse. He married Margery Hayward, April 24, 1777. She died 
Nov. 26, 1808. He died March 19, 1814. Child, born in Lyndeborough: 

i. SALLY, b. Nov. 19, 1778, m. Benjamin Goodrich, son of Rev. 
Sewell and Phebe (Putnam) Goodrich. (See Goodrich 


MATTHEW CLARK was descended from Dea. James Clark, one of the 
sixteen proprietors who settled Londonderry in 1719. James Clark mar- 
ried Mrs. Elizabeth (Fulton) Wilson, May 22, 1722. Her interesting ex- 
perience is mentioned in the history of Londonderry. Their eldest son, 
John, born March 31, 1723, married Margaret, daughter of Matthew and 
Elizabeth (Lindsey) Clark. Matthew, son of John and Margaret 
(Clark) Clark, born 1762, married Nancy, daughter of John and Janet 
(McClintock) Dickey of Derryfield, N. H. in 1783. He removed to Wil- 
ton, N. H., in 1798, and with his son, James L., came to Lyndeborough in 
1815, where he died Oct. 23, 1827. Children : 

1. JAMES L., + 

2. NANCY, b. March 30, 1795, m. Henry Clark. 

JAMES LINDSEY CLARK, son of Matthew and Nancy (McClintock) 
Clark, came to Lyndeborough from Wilton, N. H., in 1815, and settled 
on the farm where Chas. L. Perham now lives. (Home lot No. 60.) This 
farm was one of the first occupied in the history of the town. July 10, 
1736, John Hutchinson of Litchfield gave a bond to Jonathan Peal of 
Salem, Mass., one of the original proprietors, that he would have within 
four years a dwelling house on home lot No. 60, " twenty feet by 
eighteen," and twelve acres cleared, broken up and brought to and fenced 


in. In the deed given Sept. 27, 1760, the statement is made that these 
conditions were fulfilled. The farm was occupied by the James Hutchin- 
son family until Feb. 19, 1794. Later owners were Samuel Butterfield, 
David Butterfield and Abel Hill. 

James Lindsey Clark was born in Londonderry, N. H., May 15, 1790 ; 
married June 27, 1815, Rebecca, daughter of Timothy and Prudence 
(Chapman) Baldwin of Wilton, a descendant of John of England, who 
came to Billerica, Mass., in 1655. She was born April n, 1793 ; died Oct. 
18, 1820. He married second, in 1823, Hannah Baldwin, sister of Re- 
becca, born Feb. 23, 1795 ; died March 13, 1860. 

Children of James I/, and Rebecca (Baldwin) Clark : 


2. ELIZABETH, b. Dec., 1819; died Oct. 9, 1828. 

Children of James L. and Hannah (Baldwin) Clark : 

1. REBECCA B., married Oliver Perham. (See Perhani gen.) 

2. HANNAH JANE, b. July 2, 1825, m. William S. Treadwell 

of Peterborough, N. H., May i, 1849, res. in Peterbor- 

3. WILLIAM HENRY, b. April 28, 1827,, m. Theresa A., dau. 

of William H. and Sarah Morrill Heath of Deering, N. H., 
April 2, 1858, res. in West Medford, Mass. Children : 
Walter G., Evelyn T. 

4. JAMES BROOKS, b. Oct. 15, 1828, d. Nov. 4, 1850. . 

5. ASA BALDWIN, b. Oct. 17, 1831, m. Jan. i, 1861, Mary E., 

dau. of Samuel and Mary Cutter McCoy of Peterborough. 
Was a grocer in Wilton for several years, now a resident of 
Wellesley, Mass. Child : Alice B. 

6. ELIZABETH, b 1835, d. Sept. 13, 1837. 

7. FRANK GREY, -f- 

DAVID DICKEY CLARK, born Sept. 18, 1817; married April 22, 
1842, Sophronia, daughter of John and Mary (Chandler) Dickinson of 
Weathersfield, Vt. She was born Jan. 26, 1816; died May 13, 1872. He 
was a resident of the town for many years ; died March i, 1890. Chil- 
dren : 

1. WILLIAM T., b. May 7, 1843, m. Sept. 3, 1867, L/. Jennie, 

dau. of Isaac and Lydia (Thompson) Richards of East 
Monmouth, Me. Is a photographer and res. in Boston, 
Mass. Children : Mary A., Waldo D. 

2. MARY JANE, b. March 25, 1845, d. Nov. 24, 1864. 

3. GORHAM B., b. April 18, 1847, <* July 24, 1865. Was a 

soldier in the Civil War. (See Chap. X.) 

4. EDNA A., b. April 7, 1849, d. Oct. 26, 1870, m. Jan. 4, 1869, 

Wallace Clark of Peterborough. Child : Harry B. 

V / 


5. LAURA A., b. March 7, 1852, m. George J. Carson. (See 

Carson gen.) 

6. JAMES L., JR., b. May 25, 1856, m. Dec. 30, 1885, Lizzie C., 

dau. of David and Mary (Mitchell) Wallace of Nashua, 
N. H. Children : Wallace B., Marion F. 

7. SARAH MELISSA, b. Nov. 17, 1859, m. May i, 1888, Alonzo 

J. Gove of Alexandria, where they reside. Children : 
Grace E. G., Ethel B. 

REV. FRANK GREY CLARK, born Feb. 22, 1838. He prepared for 
college at Appleton Academy, Mont Vernon, N. H. and was graduated 
from Amherst College in 1862. He became the principal of Francestown 
Academy in August of the same year, and resigned that position in the 
summer of 1867. He was eminently successful as a teacher, and brought 
the old " Academy " into a high state of efficiency. Probably it was 
never more prosperous during any period of its history. He married 
Charlotte, daughter of Samuel and Mary Cutter McCoy of Peterborough, 
Aug. ii, 1864. She was assistant teacher at the Academy, faithful and 
competent, and their many pupils, scattered now all over the country, 
regard them with loving esteem. Graduating in the special course at 
Andover Theological Seminary in 1869, he was ordained at Francestown, 
Sept. 2 of that same year, and served as city missionary at Manchester, 
N. H., until April i, 1873. He was installed over the Congregational 
church, Rindge, N. H., June 3, 1873, an ^ after a pastorate of five years 
was dismissed Dec. 31, 1878. He was installed over the church at 
Gloucester, Mass., Jan. 28, 1879, an( i dismissed April 4, 1888. He resided 
at West Medford, Mass., 1888 and 1889, and was acting pastor over a 
church at Arlington, Mass., for eight months in 1889. Installed at Ply- 
mouth, N. H., Jan. 2, 1890. He was a delegate in the Christian Commis- 
sion in front of Petersburg, Va., in 1864. Was superintending school com- 
mittee in Francestown, 1864 and 1865, and a member of the school board 
iu Manchester in 1873. He has published a number of sermons, and 
compiled and edited pamphlets of value to the Congregational denomina- 
tion. He delivered the historical address at the anniversary of the set- 
tlement of Lyndeborough, Sept. 4, 1889, and published the same in pam- 
phlet form. This address was the result of much research among old 
records, and has been largely incorporated in this history. 


HENRY CLARK, born in Chester, Oct. 25, 1788; married Nov. 7, 1816, 
Nancy, daughter of Matthew and Nancy (Dickey) Clark of Lyndebor- 
ough. She was born in Derry, March 30, 1795, and died in Medford, 
Mass., March 10, 1873. Her father removed from Derry to Wilton in 
1798, and thence to Lyndeborough in 1815. He lived on the place where 
Chas. L. Perham now lives, and was the father of James Lindsey Clark, 
whose family register may be found in another place. 

Henry Clark bought a farm in New Boston and lived there until 1850, 
when he removed to Lyndeborough, where he died Apr. u, 1867. He 
had charge of the town farm for one year, and then bought the place at 
the Centre now best known as the Fowler place. Henry Clark's father, 


John Clark, was a soldier in the Revolution. Children, all born in New 
Boston : 

1. GEORGE, b. Aug. i, 1817, m. Cynthia I,. Davis of Unadilla, 

N. Y., Feb. 6, 1842. He d. in Medford, Mass., Jan. i, 
1880. She d. Nov. 9, 1883. 

2. CHARLES F., b. April 19, 1819, m April 24, 1842, L/ydia M. 

Rines of Wilton. He d. in Boston, May 25, 1893. She d. 
March 17, 1860. 

3. JAMES L/., born April 3, 1821, m. Nov. 8, 1841, Sarah A. 

Phelps of Andover, N. H. He d. in Yarmouth, Mass., 
Dec. 12, 1864. Shed. 1898. 

4. HEPZIBAH H., b. Sept. 23, 1823, m. May 21, 1843, Gilman 

Griffin. He d. in Somerville, Mass., Sept. 18, 1856. She 
d. Jan. 17, 1894. 

5. NANCY M., b. Jan. 22, 1826, m. Sept. 6, 1849, Orvid M. 

Fowler of Johnson, Vt. He d. in Medford, Mass., May 20, 
1899. She res. in Medford, Mass. 

6. HENRY, b. May n, 1828, m. Oct. 20, 1852, Julia M. Tayler 

of Chelsea, Mass. She d. Nov. 26, 1866. He m. second, 
Nancy J. Dennison of Hampton, 111., July 30, 1868, where 
they are still living. 

7. WILLIAM D., b. Dec. 19, 1831, m. Mary B. Snell of L,ud- 

low, Vt., July i, 1855. He d. in Chicago, 111., Aug. 17, 

8. ELEANOR J., b. Aug. 12, 1834, m. March 30, 1856, Stephen 

Crocker of Halifax, Mass., m. second, Isaac H. Locke of 
Alexander, N. H., June 8, 1867. He d. in Whitman, 
Mass., July 23, 1903. She res. at Whitman. 

9. FRANKLIN AUSTIN, b. Apr. 13, 1837, m. Oct. 28, 1862, 

Amelia Cook of Medford, Mass. Res. in Ossipee, N. H. 

10. DUDLEY H., b. Sept. 2, 1838, m. July 25, 1861, Eldora 
Butterfield of Wayland, Mass. He d. in Medford, Mass., 
Nov. 12, 1865. She d. Aug., 1873. 


CHARLES O. CLEMENT, son of Archibald and Margaret (Sylvester) 
Clement ; born in Warren, Me., Nov. 3, 1851 ; married June 28, 1873, 
Mary A., daughter of Salathiel L. and Mary J. (Carpenter) Wheeler of 
Windsor. She was born June 14, 1856. He came to Lyndeborough in 
1873 and built a house in South Lyndeborough. He is a carpenter by 
trade, and is in the employ of the New York, New Haven & Hartford 
R.R.; resides in Dedham, Mass. Children, all born in Lyndeborough : 

i. BERTIE L,., b. April 2, 1874, m. Oct. 3, 1896, Mrs. Emma J. 


Farnum. Children: Charles W., Anna I,. Res. in Ded- 
ham, Mass. 

2. MABEL M., b. April 9, 1877, m. Arthur K. Woodward. 

(See Woodward gen.) 

3. PERLEY E., b. Sept. 6, 1882. l V,V' 


WILLIAM K. COCHRANE purchased the Boardman place in North 
Lyndeborough in 1856 and lived there until 1860, when he removed to 
Goffstown, N. H. He married Lydia Swasey. She died March 17, 1879. 
He died April 27, 1878. Children : 

1. ELLEN 1^., b. in Newbury, Vt., Nov. 22, 1832. 

2. WILLIAM H. D., b. in North Chelmsford, Mass., Dec. 29, 

1838, m. Irene A. Stokes of Manchester, N. H., April 12, 
1870. He was a soldier in the Civil War, and was pro- 
moted to the rank of L,ieut. Col. 


JAMES L. COLBURN, son of Leonard and Mary T. (Livingston) Col- 
burn ; born in New Boston, July 8, 1842 ; married June 7, 1865, Nancy J., 
daughter of William and Lois (Carson) Hopkins. He lived for a while 
after his marriage in Francestown, then in Revere, Mass., removing 
thence to Medford, Mass. He came to Lyndeborough in 1900 and bought 
the mill known as Buttrick's, or the Eaton mill. He was a soldier in the 
Civil War, and was for a long time in the rebel prison at Danville. Child, 
born in Francestown : 

i. BERTRAND W., b. July 17, 1869. 


JAMES COLSON, born in Monroe, Me., Sept. 25, 1834 ; married first, 
Tamson Steele of Sebec, Me. She was born June 17, 1840; died March 
15, 1866 ; married second, July 3, 1869, Dorcas Libby of Lawrenceville, 
Canada. She was born Dec. 26, 1843. He was an employee of the Elgin 
Watch Co., Elgin, 111. for many years. Came to Lyndeborough in 1893. 
Resides on the Nelson Cram place, South Lyndeborough. 


ALBERT S. CONANT, son of Samuel and Abigail E. (Reynolds) 
Conant; born July 22, 1840, in Antrim ; married first, Almanda J., daugh- 
ter of Joseph and Betsey A. (Kidder) Ford of Lyndeborough, Oct. 12, 
1868. She was born Jan. 27, 1851 ; died Nov. n, 1878; married second, 
Oct. ii, 1879, Abbie J., daughter of John G. and Roxanna (Hutchinson) 
Raymond of Milford, born Aug. 29, 1848. He came to Lyndeborough 
from Greenfield in 1853. Resided first at the Dolliver homestead and 
later removed to South Lyndeborough village. Is a carpenter, and was 
a soldier in the Civil War. Child by first wife : 


1. CORA J., b. in Fitchburg, Mass., April 7, 1870, m. Fred T. 

Banks of Nashua, Nov. 28, 1889. 
By second wife born in Lyndeborough : 

2. SAMUEL J., b. Nov. 24, 1880, d. in infancy. 

3. FLORENCE J., b. Aug. 15, 1882, m. Dec. 26, 1903, Arthur 

L,. Burnham of Hillsboro. 

CHARLES W. CONANT, son of Samuel and Abigail E. (Reynolds) 
Conant, born in Antrim, Nov. 27, 1843 ; married Adaline Gates of Leomin- 
ster, Mass. Was a soldier in the Civil War. Resides in Leominster, 
Mass. (See Chapter X.) 


JOHN CRAM, son of Thomas and Elizabeth (Weare) Cram, born at 
Hampton Falls, Mass., Jan. 12, 1685; married Feb. 18, 1707, Sarah, 
daughter of Henry and Sarah (Ballard) Holt of Andover, Mass. She 
was born at Andover, Aug. 17, 1678, and died at Lyndeborough, Oct. i, 
1757. He died at Amherst, 1759. So far as authentic records show he 
was the first settler in Salem-Canada, now Lyndeborough. 

For a biographical sketch of John Cram see chapter XXXIII. 

The three older children were born at Hampton Falls. The others at 
Woburn, Mass. Children: 

1. JONATHAN, -+- 

2. HUMPHREY, b. Nov. 8, 1710, m. Hannah . 

3. PHEBE, b. July 8, 1712, m. Moses Stiles. (See Stiles gen.) 

4. JOSEPH, b. Sept. 23, 1713, d. Dec. 24, 1794. 

5. HULDAH, b. May 5, 1715, m. Ephraim Woodward. (See 

Woodward gen.) 

6. JOHN, b. April 10, 1717, m. Sarah . 

7. SARAH, b. June 27, 1719, m. Ephraim Putnam. (See Put- 

nam gen.) 

8. ELIZABETH, m. Jonathan Chamberlain. (See Chamberlain 


9. ELI, b. March 10, 1721. 

10. BENJAMIN, -\- 

The last children were two sets of twins. 

JONATHAN CRAM, son of John and Sarah (Holt) Cram; born at 
Hampton Falls, Feb. 21, 1708; married Dec. i, 1732, Mary, daughter of 
Daniel and Mary Chamberlain of Billerica, Mass. She was born Jan. 20, 
1706, and died in Lyndeborough, Jan. 5, 1770. He died Jan. 23, 1790. He 
was the original settler on the land where Mrs. John Putnam lives, since 
known as the Jonathan Cram place. The five older children were born at 
Wilmington, Mass., the others in Lyndeborough. Children : 

1 . JONATHAN, .+ 

2. MARY, b. June 6, 1735, d. June 5, 1738. 

3. DAVID, -f 




4. JACOB, -f 

5. ELIZABETH, b. Nov. 4, 1741, m. John Carkin. (See Carkin 


6. RACHEL, b. April 16, 1744, m. Ephraim Putnam, d. April 

29, 1833. (See Putnam gen.) 

7. SOLOMON, -}- 

8. URIAH, + 

JONATHAN CRAM, son of Jonathan and Mary (Chamberlain) Cram ; 
born June 8, 1733 ; married Sarah, daughter of Jacob and Susanna (Stiles) 
Putnam. She was born at Salem, Mass., June 28, 1736. He settled on 
Abbott Hill, Wilton, and endured the privations common to the pioneers 
of a new country. Children, all born in Wilton : 

Sarah, Jonathan, Phillip, Susanna, Mary, Mehitable, Zeniah. 

DAVID CRAM, son of Jonathan and Mary (Chamberlain) Cram, born 
at Wilmington, Mass., June 26, 1737 ; married Mary Badger, daughter of 
John Badger of England, who was very early a settler in Salem-Canada. 
She died in Lyndeborough, March 10, 1825. He died in Lyndeborough, 
June 25, 1825. He was the first settler on the hill, about a mile east of 
South Lyndeborough village, where he lived until his death. This farm 
has been in the posssession of his descendants ever since, and is now 
occupied by his grandson, Luther. His wife, Mary Badger, was one of 
the four children of John Badger, whose wife, Mary McFarland, went 
three miles one winter night to obtain help, an account of which may be 
found in the sketch of the Badger family. Children, all but eldest, born 
at Lyndeborough : 

1. MARY, b. at Wilton, Dec. 29, 1761, m. Ambrose Lakin. 

2. ELIZABETH, b. Jan. 2, 1764, m. Oct. 14, 1789, Isaac L/ewis. 

3. L/OUISA, b. Sept. 14, 1765, m. Darius Jeffries. 

4. DAVID, -f- 

5. HANNAH, b. May 26, 1769, m. first, Samuel Rogers ; second, 

William Hastings. 

6. GIDEON, -4- 

7. DEBORAH, b. July 21, 1773, m. June 6, 1799, Ambrose 


8. ROBERT, -f- 

9. JONATHAN, -\- 

10. REBECCA, b. Feb. 27, 1782, d. Sept. 10, 1782. 

David, Deborah, Robert, and Jonathan removed to Roxbury, 
Vt., where they were among the earliest settlers there. 

DAVID CRAM, son of David and Mary (Badger) Cram, born May 26, 
1767 ; married Oct. 25, 1792, Sarah, daughter of Ephraim and Lucy 
(Spaulding) Putnam. She was born at Lyndeborough, Jan. 16, 1773 ; 
died in Roxbury, Vt., May 5, 1813. He early removed to Roxbury, Vt., 
where he was one of the first settlers, and the first town treasurer, 1796. 


He also held other public office and was an influential citizen. His chil- 
dren were born at Roxbury, with the exception of the eldest. Some of 
them came to L/yndeborough : 

1. EPHRAIM, b. at I/yndeborough, Sept. 15, 1793, m. Clarinda 

Cram, d. near Great Salt Lake in 1852. 

2. PHILIP, b. March 18, 1795, m. Dec. 27, 1821, Abigail Heath. 

He d. April, 1883. 

3. NAOMI, b. Aug. 21, 1797, m. Nov. 3, 1818, James Grant. 

(See Grant gen.) 

4. LUCY, b. Sept. 4, 1799, m. March 28, 1820, Joseph Grant, d. 

at St. Paul, Minn., October, 1873. 

5. SOLOMON, -|- 

6. HIRAM, + 

7. DAVID, b. May 8, 1805, m. first, Susanna Bridges, March 

29, 1842 ; second, March 24, 1855, Betsey Burt. He d. 
Oct. 12, 1886, at Wilton. 

8. ESTHER, b. Nov. 18, 1808, m. Aug. 19, 1830, Alvin Sawyer. 

She d. at Boston, June 26, 1898. 

9. JOHN P., b. April 19, 1810. Enlisted in the Regular Army 

and was last heard from in Prairie Du Chien, Wis. 
Of the above children Ephraim b. Sept. 15, 1793, m. Clar- 
inda Cram. She d. June i, 1842. He d. on the way to 
California, June 12, 1852. They had ten children : Sarah, 
Horace, Chauncey C., Clarinda, Laura, Ephraim, Chris- 
topher, David, Isaac, Mary. 

SOLOMON CRAM, son of David and Sarah (Putnam) Cram, born at 
Roxbury, Vt., Nov. 5, 1802, and died at Lyndeborough, March n, 1863 ; 
married Jan. 17, 1826, Mary, daughter of James and Mary (Grant) Sar- 
gent. She was born at Hillsboro, Oct. 28, 1804 ; died April 19, 1885. He 
was the first man to build a shop and carry on blacksmithing in South 
Lyndeborough village. The two older children were born at Roxbury, 
the others at I/yndeborough. Children : 

1. MARY J., b. Oct. 5, 1827, m. first, Samuel Hodgeman of 

Francestown, Oct. 28, 1846 ; second, Alban Buttrick. 

2. SUSAN B., b. Jan. n, 1829, m. John W. Sharp, Dec. 19, 

1845. Res. at Boston. 

3. GEORGE M., + 

4. ORIN N., -j- 

5. AZRO D., 4~ 

6. SARAH E., b. June 12, 1844, m, Nov. 28, 1867, Joseph 

Sharp. (See Sharp gen.) 

7. EMMA F., b. Jan. 3, 1849, m. March 24, 1869, Charles B. 

Pinkham. Res. at Milford. 


GEORGE M. CRAM, son of Solomon and Mary (Sargent) Cram, born 
June 20, 1831 ; married first, Oct. 28, 1858, Ellen E. Godding of Rindge ; 
second, Mrs. Louisa (Godding) Hastings. His first wife died April 9, 
1865. (For George M. Cram's war record see Chapter X.) Children : 

1. GEORGE E., d. in infancy. 

2. CARRIE E., d. in infancy. 

3. OSCAR E., + 

4. CHARLIE M., d. in infancy. 

OSCAR E. CRAM, son of George M. and Louisa G. Hastings Cram ; 
born in Rindge, April 2, 1866; married Feb. 9, 1892, Lillian M., daughter 
of Edwin and Mary E. (Tarbell) Swasey ; resides in Taunton, Mass., and 
is a clerk in the grocery store of Cobb, Bates and Yerxa in that city. 

ORIN N. CRAM, son of Solomon and Mary (Sargent) Cram, born 
Jan. 25, 1836 ; married Dec. 30, 1862, Caroline M., daughter of Peter and 
Mary (Blunt) Shedd of Tewksbury, Mass. She was born Aug. 5, 1837 ; 
died April u, 1887. He died Feb. 4, 1893. Children born in Lynde- 
borough : 

1. NELSON S., b. July 27, 1866, d. Oct. 16, 1904. 

2. CHARLES, b. July 27, 1866. 

3. GEORGE W., b. Aug. 20, 1867, d. Sept. 10, 1868. 

4. REBECCA W., b. Dec. 6, 1869. 

5. CARRIE E., b. Feb. 18, 1872, d. Oct. n, 1872. 

AZRO D. CRAM, son of Solomon and Mary S. (Sargent) Cram, born 
Aug. 6, 1838; married July 23, 1859, Sarah E. Young. He was a soldier 
in Civil War. (See Chapter X.) Children born in Lyndeborough : 

i. ANDY F., -}- 

i. ADDIE F., b. May 7, 1866, married first, Frank A. Haley. 

July 3, 1882 ; second, April 3, 1889, Albert E. Burnham. 

Res. at lyowell, Mass. 

3. MARY S., b. Aug. 30, 1869, m. Nov. 9, 1889, Willis H. 


4. ANNIE M., b. March 30, 1872, m. Harry Draper. 

5. CARRIE B., b. Sept. n, 1875. 

ANDY F. CRAM, son of Azro D. and Sarah (Young) Cram ; born Aug. 
n, 1860; married first, Mrs. Jennie S. Davidson of Manchester, Oct. 15, 
1882 ; married second, June 13, 1900, Annie, daughter of Edward and 
Annie (Brady) Murphy of Durham, Canada. She was born Aug. 16, 1868. 
Child by first wife : 

1. ADDIE A., b. Feb. 3, 1889. 
By second wife : 

2. LESTER A., b. Aug. 27, 1901. 

HIRAM CRAM, son of David and Sarah (Putnam) Cram; born at 
Windsor, Vt., Dec. 7, 1803; married Jan. i, 1834, Harriet Tenney, daugh- 


ter of William and Mary (Butterfield) Tenney, born in Sharon, N. H., 
Aug, 13, 1808; died in Peterborough, March 9, 1857. He died in Shirley, 
Mass., Aug. 15, 1893. Children, six elder born in Sharon, four in Lynde- 
borough : 

1. LUCY M., b. May 3, 1834, m. Oct. 18, 1852, Samuel M. 

Woods of Peterborough. 

2. WILLIAM H., b. May 15, 1836, m. first July 4, 1862, Ellen 

P. Henry, m. second, Jan. 13, 1876, Mary Rutter. 

3. MosES, b. June 10, 1839. 

4. HENRY, b. April 10, 1841, d. Sept. 30, 1857, in Peterbor- 


5. JOHN P., b. May 3, 1842, d. June 14, 1863, at Port Hudson. 

6. DAVID A., b. Aug. 10, 1844, d. Aug. 29, 1862, at Bull Run, 


7. HIRAM T., -f 

8. AUGUSTUS B., b. March 4, 1849, m. Oct. 31, 1871, Anna L. 

Hastings, res. Shirley, Mass. 

9. EDWARD M., b. Aug. 13, 1851, m. Nov. 28, 1878, Ida May 

Wilson, res. at Peterborough. 

10. EMMA B., b. Dec. 10, 1855, d. Oct. 30, 1858. 

HIRAM T. CRAM, son of David and Harriet (Tenney) Cram ; born at 
1/yndeborough, March 5, 1847, m - Nov. 14, 1871, Sophronia R. Robinson 
of Jaffrey. She was the daughter of Hiram and Eliza A. (Smith) Robin- 
son of Rindge. She was born March 17, 1851. Children, all but Bernice 
born at Peterborough : 

1. ARTHUR H., b. July 23, 1874. 

2. EVERETT I,., b. March n, 1877. 

3. LENA B., b. April 23, 1878. 

4. BERNICE C., b. at Lyndeborough, May 22, 1881. 

5. FLORENCE M., b. Nov. 23, 1886. 

GIDEON CRAM, son of David and Mary (Badger) Cram ; born Feb. 
25, 1771 ; married Amy, daughter of Ensign David and Abigail (Carleton) 
(Johnson) Putnam. She was born March 6, 1779; died Dec. 17, 1866. He 
died June 17, 1837. Children, all born at Lyndeborough : 

1. DANIEL, -|- 

2. MARY, b. Nov. 25, 1803, m. July 30, 1850, Herman Pettin- 

gill, d. at Amherst, Jan. 18, 1886. 

3. ABIGAIL, b. May 15, 1806, d. April 22, 1835, at Lowell, 


4. LEWIS, + 

5. LOIS, b. March 2, 1813, m. Harvey Holt ot Lyndeborough. 

(See Holt gen.) 

6. LUTHER, -f- 


7. RHODA EMILY, b. Nov. 18, 1820, m. first, Eben Palmer, m. 

second, Langdon Adams. She d. April u, 1896, at Buf- 
falo, N. Y. 

8. AMY, b. Oct. 9, 1823, m. March 2, 1847, George W. Bos- 

worth. (See Bosworth gen.) 

DANIEL CRAM, son of Gideon and Amy (Putnam) Cram ; born April 
6, 1799 ; married first, Sarah, daughter of Joel and Polly (Colburn) Holt, 
Dec. 18, 1822* She was born May 18, 1797; died Oct. 19, 1837. Married 
second, Oct. 13, 1853, Susan M., daughter of John Whittemore of Chester. 
She was born July 12, 1826; died June 8, 1855. Married third, Sarah, 
daughter of Abel Blood of Merrimac. She was born June 9, 1806 ; died 
Feb. 3, 1878. He was a very public spirited and useful man in the com- 
munity. First clerk of the Baptist church of which he was a member 
and deacon and a liberal supporter of preaching. He removed to Am- 
herst and died there Aug. 5, 1880. Children, all but youngest born in 
Lyndeborough : 

1. lyAURA, b. July 6, 1824, m. Nov. 26, 1840, William Burtt of 

Brookline. She d. in Milford, Oct. 25, 1891. 

2. JULIA A., b. Aug. 22, 1825, m. June 4, 1845, Samuel H. 

Hill, res in Milford. 

3. DANIEL H., b. April 9, 1827, d. Aug. 3, 1831. 

4. DAVID, b. March 20, 1830, m. June 18, 1856, Nancy A. 

Scales of Townsend, Mass., res. in Townsend. Two chil- 
dren, Charles D. and Emma M. 

5. LOUISA, b. Feb. 16, 1832, m. Frank Davis. She d. in 

Palmer, Mass., Jan. 13, 1878. 

6. EMILY, b. Dec. 24, 1836, m. May 14, 1863, Joseph G. Hoi- 

brook. She d. in Bedford, Sept. n, 1893. 

7. DANIEL W., b. at Milford, July 25, 1854. 

LEWIS CRAM, son of Gideon and Amy (Putnam Cram ; born Dec. 8, 
1808 ; married Jan. 18, 1831, Anna, daughter of Ephraim and Hannah 
(Badger) Woodward of Lyndeborough. She was born Feb. 23, 1801 ; died 
in Addison, N. Y., July 21, 1874. He died at Addison, Jan. 13, 1887. He 
removed about 1836 to Jasper, N. Y. Children, two eldest born in Lynde- 
borough, the others in Jasper, N. Y.: 

1. LOUISA A. W., b. Dec. 29, 1833, d. July 13, 1841. 

2. GIDEON I,., b. Nov. 6, 1835, d. Nov. 22, 1835. 

3. MARY A., b. Sept. 10, 1836, m. Mar. 30, 1854, Isaac June 

of Addison, N. Y. She died there Sept. 17, 1881. 

4. AMY M., b. April 29, 1840, d. April 19, 1850. 
4. PUTNAM A., b. Feb. 22, 1843, d. Nov. 26, 1843. 

LUTHER CRAM, son of Gideon and Amy (Putnam) Cram; born Dec. 

8. 1818 ; married April 4, 1844, Lucy, daughter of Ephraim and Lois 
(Butler) Hackett, born in Lempster, Feb. 14, 1819. He inherited the 


homestead farm, and with the exception of seven years spent in New 
York state, has always lived there. In 1853 he went to Salamanca, N. Y., 
returning to Lyndeborough in 1861. While there he held some public 
office. In Lyndeborough he has been honored by about all the offices in 
the gift of the town. He was selectman for many years, and represented 
the town in the legislature two terms. He has always encouraged by his 
active work, by his presence at meetings, and in other ways, the educa- 
tional and temperance interests of the town. He has also been promi- 
nent in the local military organizations, and in early life was their drill 
master, and was captain of the Light Infantry Co. At this writing, 1903, 
his memory of the persons and events of his early days is good and has 
been of material benefit to this history. Children, born at Lyndebor- 
ough : 

1. ABBIE F., b. July 10, 1845. 

2. EVERETT A., b. Jan. 10, 1848. (For military record see 

Chap. X.) 

3. FRANK W., + 

4. MYRTIE M., b. June 25, 1863, d. Dec. 19, 1879. 

FRANK WILLIS CRAM, son of Luther Cram of Lyndeborough, and 
Lucy Almira Hackett of Lempster, N. H. He was born in Lyndebor- 
ough, Oct. 26, 1854; married first, at Fort Gratiot, Mich., in February, 
1884, to Annie May, who died Jan. 18, 1885, in Buffalo, N. Y. He married 
second, at Grand Haven, Mich., Aug. 23, 1887, Fannie Hart Warren, born 
at Chicago, 111., July 26, 1861, daughter of Luther Barstow Warren and 
Harriet Louise Woodward of New York, who reside in St. Louis, Mo. 
Mr. Cram is a travelling salesman, and resides in St. Louis. Children : 

1. FRANK WILLIS, JR., b. Buffalo, N. Y., Jan. 8, 1885. 

2. LOUISE ALMIRA, b. at St. Louis, Mo., Nov. 7, 1887. 

3. HATTIE MYRTIE, b. at St, Louis, Mo., Nov. 28, 1892. 

4. LUTHER EVERETT, b. at St. Louis, Mo., Nov. 24, 1894, d. 

Jan. 26, 1897. 

5. AMY DEAN, b. at St. Louis, December, 1897. 

ROBERT CRAM, son of David and Mary (Badger) Cram ; born June 
27, 1776; married Jan. 19, 1801, Hannah Webster, daughter of Nathaniel 
and Mary Webster. She was born in Hyde Park, Vt., April 5, 1775, and 
died there Feb. 24, 1863. He died at Roxbury Vt., Sept. 23, 1854. He 
went with his brother Jonathan to Plattsburg in Capt. Orcutt's Co. He 
was a prominent citizen of Roxbury, and held many offices. Children, 
born at Roxbury Vt. : 

Martin, John, James, Hannah, Daniel, Anna, Elhanan W., 
Truman, Betsey E. 

JONATHAN CRAM, son of David and Mary (Badger) Cram; born 
March 9, 1779; married March 15, 1804, Lydia Smith of Williamstown, 
Vt. She was born Nov. 4, 1784, and died there Sept. 7, 1840. He died at 
Williamstown, March 21, 1869. According to the History of Roxbury, 
Vt., Jonathan Cram was a sergeant in Capt. Orcutt's Co., which marched 


to Plattsburg, Sept. 10, 1814, and returned Sept. 16, having been too late 
for the battle. Children, all born in Williamstown : 

Allen, Patty A., Jonathan, Lucinda, Chester, Joel, L,angdon, 
Erastus, Truman, James R., Lydia L/., Mary, Abigail, 

JACOB CRAM, son of Jonathan and Mary (Chamberlain) Cram; born 
at Wilmington, Mass., Oct. 5, 1739; married Isabella Hutchinson. She 
was born Dec., 1739, and died in Lyndeborough, Feb. 3, 1812. She was 
from Danvers, Mass. He settled on what is now known as Perham 
Corner, upon laud that was easier to clear and more free from stone 
than the average wild land, and so it is said that he was able to enjoy the 
comforts of life a little earlier than his pioneer neighbors. Children, all 
born in Lyndeborough : 

1. JOHN, + 

2. JACOB -|- 

3. OLIVE, b, Oct. 6, 1769, m. Nov. 25, 1788, John Cram. She 

d. March 16, 1851, at Hallowell, Me. 

4. ZEBULON, -(- 

5. RACHEL, b. July 5, 1777, m. March 30, 1799, William 


6. SARAH, b. Aug. 25, 1781, m. Dec., 1813, Jesse Fales of 

L/itchfield, Me. She d. there Aug. 27, 1869. 

7. REBECCA, b. March 9, 1784, m. Dec. 5, 1804, Andrew Har- 

wood of L/yndeborough. She d. Sept. n, 1867. 

JOHN CRAM, son of Jacob and Isabella (Hutchinson) Cram, born 
Nov. 4, 1763 ; married May 3, 1786, Huldah, daughter of Eleazer and 
Hannah (Putnam) Woodward of Lyndeborough. She was born June 
23, 1765 ; died Jan. 14, 1853. He died Aug. 30, 1833. Children born in 
Lyndeborough : 

1. ISRAEL, b. July, 1790, m. July 9, 1818, Abigail Kendall. 

She d. June n, 1864. He d. Feb. 20, 1868. Israel Cram 
left by will four hundred dollars to the town of Lyndebor- 
ough, the interest of which is to be used annually as a 
literary fund. 

2. SARAH, m. William A. Pearsons, Jan. 6, 1833. Rem. to 

Woburn, Mass. 

3. MEHITABLE, b. Nov. 2, 1801 ; m. Oct. 23, 1823, Edgar Rand 

of L/yndeborough. She d. May 5, 1832. (See Rand gen.) 

JACOB CRAM, son of Jacob and Isabella (Hutchinson) Cram, born 
Nov. 23, 1765 ; married Sept. 24, 1787, Martha Doak, born at Lyndebor- 
ough, May n, 1771, and died at Litchfield, Me., Feb. 16, 1835. He died 
at Litchfield, Jan. 16, 1815. He removed to Litchfield, Me., probably in 
1793. The first three children were born at Lyndeborough, the others at 
Litchfield : 


1. WILLIAM, b. Feb. 16, 1788, m, first, Dec. 27, 1821, Zoa 

Moody; second, May 18, 1825, Lucinda White. 

2. BETSEY, b. Nov. 26, 1789, m. May 7, 1813, Stephen Pills- 

bury. She d. at Hallowell, Me., March 2, 1856. 

3. JOHN, b. Nov. 16, 1791, m. Sept. 16, 1820, Louisa Benjamin. 

He d. at Boston, Aug. 20, 1823. 

4. SAMUEL, b. Feb. 20, 1794, d. May 27, 1805. 

5. STEPHEN, b. Sept. 10, 1796, d. Oct. 24, 1885, at Topsham, 


6. SARAH E., b. Jan. 4, 1799, m. first, Joseph Norris; second, 

Archibald Horn. 

7. NANCY, b. Dec. 26, 1801, m. Charles French. 

8. FANNY, b. Nov. 23, 1804, m. James G. Judkins. 

9. SAMUEL, b. Feb. 12, 1806, d. 1817. 

10. ALVIN, b. Aug. 12, 1808, d. 1810. 

ZEBULON CRAM, son of Jacob and Isabella (Hutchinson) Cram, 
born March 29, 1772; married June 21, 1799, Anice Hutchinsoii of Lyude- 
borough. She was born June 19, 1775, and died in I/itchfield, Me., Dec. 
22, 1844. He died there Feb. n, 1852. Children born at Lyndeborough 
and Litchfield : 

1. REBECCA, b. June 21, 1800, d. June 25, 1852. 

2. JOHN H., b. Dec. 22, 1802, m. April 15, 1835, M. Eliza 


SOLOMON CRAM, son of Jonathan and Mary (Chamberlain) Cram ; 
born at Lyndeborough, 1744 ; married Mary , born at Lynde- 

borough, April 21, 1819. He died May i, 1825. Children, born at Lynde- 
borough : 

1. MARY, b. 1772, d. Oct. 3, 1777. 

2. SARAH, b. 1774, d. Sept. 23, 1777. 

3. JAMES, b. Aug., 1777, d. Oct. 3, 1860. 

4. MARY, b. 1779, d. Sept. 24, 1781. 

URIAH CRAM, son of Jonathan and Mary (Chamberlain) Cram, born 
1750; married Eunice Ellingwood. She was born 1745; died Dec. i, 
1831. He died Oct. 2, 1831. Children born at Lyndeborough : 

1. HENRY, -j- 

2. JOSEPH, born April 22, 1784, m. Dec. 24, 1818, Elizabeth 

Brown of Billerica. He died July 21, 1858. 

3. EUNICE S., b. August, 1786, m. William Abbott. (See 

Abbott gen.) 

4. JAMES, + 

5. L,YDIA, b. June 27, 1790, d. Aug. 3, 1794. 

HENRY CRAM, son of Uriah and Eunice (Ellingwood) Cram, born 
1780; married Rhoda, daughter of Jeremiah and Lois (Hoyt) Carleton. 


She was born June 29, 1783 ; died Oct. 8, 1855. He died Nov. 30, 1848. 
Children born at Lyndeborough : 

1. PETER b. July 14, 1807, d. at Ulman's Ridge, Mo., Aug. 5, 

1869, m. Rebecca, K. Potter of Francestown. Peter Cram 
was a farmer and was once county commissioner and select- 
man several years. He removed to the West about 1858. 
Four of their children were born at Mont Vernon and three 
at Decatur, 111. Their names were : Rhoda C., Moses D., 
Illia M., Henry I,., Mark P., Virgil H., Eunice. 

2. MOSES H., b. May 20, 1813, d. Aug. 27, 1848. 

JAMES CRAM, son of Uriah and Eunice (Ellingwood) Grain, born 
March 13, 1788 ; married Lucy Brown of Billerica. She was born Feb. i, 
1804 ; died Nov. i, 1884. She was the daughter of Samuel and Elizabeth 
(Noyes) Brown. He died June 29, 1861. With no advantages for school- 
ing but the winter terms of the district school of his day, and no higher 
text book than Pike's Arithmetic he became a good land surveyor and 
was much employed in running lines in the town. It is said he did very 
satisfactory work. With his brother Henry and nephew, Peter Cram, 
he started and operated an iron foundry for the manufacture of pots, 
kettles, andirons, boxes for wheels-hubs, etc. Children born at Lynde- 
borough : 

1. NANCY E., b. Feb. 21, 1832, d. April 17, 1832. 

2. ALBERT, -|- 

3. CHARLES H., b. Nov. 3, 1836, m. April 13, 1863, Sarah 

Van Buskirk. Rem. to Watseka, 111. 

ALBERT CRAM, son of James and Lucy (Brown) Cram, born Nov. 
8, 1834; married May 31, 1869, Mary E., daughter of Samuel and Mary 
(Emerson) Brown of Wilmington, Mass. She died Nov. 14, 1897. 
Children : 

i. ADDIE M., b. Jan. 29, 1871, d. July 20, 1874. 

BENJAMIN CRAM, son of John and Sarah (Holt) Cram; born at 

Woburn, Mass., March 10, 1721 ; died in 1823. His wife was Elizabeth 

Children, all born in Lyndeborough : 

1. MARGARET, m. Jonathan Chamberlain. (See Chamberlain 


2. NATHAN, + 

3. BENJAMIN, -(- 

4. HUUDAH, d. at Greenfield. 

5. JONAH. 

6. DAVID, b. 1768, d. May, 1838. 

NATHAN CRAM, son of Benjamin Cram of Woburu, Mass., and 
Elizabeth, his wife, born in Lyndeborough, April 5, 1752; married 
Rachel Button, born at Lyndeborough, Sept. 9, 1757; died at Hancock, 
Aug. 15, 1835. He died at Hancock, Jan. 21, 1851. Children : 


1. NATHAN, b. 1771. Died young. 

2. RACHEL, b. June 15, 1773, m. Nov. 30, 1797, William 

Stuart of Peterboro. She d. at Peterboro, Oct. 13, 1833. 

3. NATHAN, b. Sept. 9, 1776, m. Elizabeth White, d. at Bel- 

fast, Me., Oct. 8, 1815. 


5. HULDAH, born June 30, 1782, m. Nov. 27, 1804, Gilbert 

McCoy of Belfast, Me. He d. Nov. 18, 1857. 

6. SALLY P., b. Sept. 12, 1783, m. May 19, 1804, Joseph Tyr- 

rell of Hancock. She d. at Dublin, Dec. 18, 1863. 

7. BETSEY, b. March 5, 1786, d. Sept. 7, 1805. 

8. POLLY, b. May 9, 1788, m. March, 18, 1806, Jonathan 

Barnard of Hancock, d. Sept. n, 1801. 

9. JOSEPH, b. at Greenfield, March 26, 1789, m. July 4, 1817, 

Sally White of Peterboro. He d. at Peterboro, Nov. 28, 


10. BENJAMIN, b. March 26, 1789, (twin with Joseph), m. first, 
Jane Alexander, second, Ruth Nutt, d. at Wilton, 111. 

n. ANNA H., b. June 25, 1791, m. May 29, 1810, Samuel 
Tyrrell of Hancock, d. at Plum Island, 111. 

12. ABIGAIL J., b. July 3, 1793, m. Dec. i, 1836, Francis 

13. EZRA DUTTON, b. June 10, 1795, m. I/ucy Cilly. He d. at 
Brooks, Me. Nov. n, 1868. 

14. PHEBE, b. April 21, 1797, m. first, Meshack Tenny, m. sec- 
ond, Gales, m. third, Black, m. fourth, Blair. 

15. EPHRAIM, b. at Antrim, March 25, 1800, d. Sept. 5, 1800. 

16. SAMUEL, b. at Antrim, Sept. 9, 1802, m. 1831, Sarah 
A. Wheeler. He d. at Bennington. 

JOSIAH DUTTON CRAM, son of Nathan and Rachel (Button) Cram ; 
born March 28, 1799 ; married Deidamia Button, daughter of Benjamin 
and Sarah (Stiles) Button. She was born April 29, 1784; died at Han- 
cock, July, 1858. Children, none born at Lyndeborough : 

Deidamia, Benjamin, Josiah, Sally, Nathan, Reuben, Joseph, 
Sally, Rachel, Relief, Reuben D., Abigail. 

BENJAMIN CRAM, son of Benjamin and Elizabeth Cram of Woburn, 
Mass., born at Lyndeborough, in 1754 ; died July 31, 1836. He married 
Olive, daughter of Jonathan and Elizabeth (Cram) Chamberlain, born 
Aug. 16, 1750. Children : 

1. DANIEL, who died when about 17 years of age. 

2. BENJAMIN, -}- 

BENJAMIN CRAM, son of Benjamin and Olive (Chamberlain) Cram, 


born March 8, 1774; married July 16, 1799, Sarah, daughter of Eleazer 
and Hannah (Putnam) Woodward. She was born Feb. 6, 1779. He 
married second, Polly Vose of Stoughton, Mass., born June 14, 1780; died 
at New Ipswich, Jan. 8, 1836. He died at New Ipswich, April 12, 1835. 
The first two children of Benjamin Cram were by his first wife, daugh- 
ter of his nearest neighbor in I/yndeborough. When a young man he 
used to drive a double ox-team from Lyndeborough to Boston to sell the 
produce of the farm, and winters he lived in Boston, for the better 
opportunities to earn money. His first wife died in Boston, where he 
also met his second wife, Polly Vose, daughter of Jeremiah and Hannah 
(Holmes) Vose. Children born at Lyndeborough : 

1. ABIJAH, b, December, 1800, killed by falling at a mill rais- 

ing in Troupsbury, N. Y., Dec. 13, 1826. 

2. SARAH, b. June 12, 1804, m. Oct. 16, 1828, Thomas Whit- 

ing, b. at kyndeborough, April 30, 1802, d. at Jasper, N. 
Y. ( Oct. 30, 1878. Children, all born at Jasper, N. Y.: - 
i. Sarah, b. Aug. 7, 1829, m. William Schenck, Dec. 25, 
1849, res. at Jasper; 2. Austis, b. March 28, 1832, res. at 
Jasper, d. March 12, 1855 ; 3. Oliver, b. Dec. 28, 1834, m - 
Martha A. Prentice, Dec. 19, 1858, res. at Jasper, N. Y.; 

4. Benjamin, b. July 25, 1838, d. Feb. n, 1850, res. Jasper; 

5. Harvey, b. May 24, 1841, d. Jan. 26, 1852, res. at 
Jasper; 6. Cynthia, b. Nov. 8, 1844. 

3. HANNAH V., b. Feb. n, 1807, m. Oct. 19, 1831, Alonzo 

Draper. She d. Jan. 29, 1892. 

4. MARY, b. Sept. n, 1810, d. June 17, 1833. 

5. L,UKE, b. July 25, 1812, d. March 18, 1879, at Fitchburg, 

Mass., m. Nov. 29, 1840, Sarah A, Preston. 

6. DANIEL,, + 

7. HIRAM, b. Nov. 3, 1818, d. March 2, 1854, at Yuba Co., 


8. BENJAMIN H., b. March 19, 1820, m. Elizabeth Bradbury 

Leighton, Oct. 17, 1842. 

9. JEREMIAH, b. April n, 1822, d. Sept. 21, 1844. 

DANIEL CRAM, son of Benjamin and Polly (Vose) Cram; born in 
Lyndeborough, Jan. 8, 1815 ; died in Boston, Mass., Jan. 10, 1898 ; occupa- 
tion, contractor. He married Feb. 22, 1841, Mary Ann MacNulty, born 
in Northumberland, Eng., June 2, 1817; died in Boston, Mass., Nov. i, 
1898. He was educated in the village school. At an early age he was 
compelled to work, and at fifteen did a man's work in a brick yard. At 
the age of twenty he was a foreman in charge of railroad construction. 
When the Boston & Albany R.R. was in course of construction over the 
Berkshire hills, he had charge of some of the work. He was one of the 
pioneer contractors of Massachusetts, having built reservoirs, dams, sea- 
walls, wharves and railroad work in and around Boston. He also went 


up into New York state in the '50*3 and built a railroad. In 1850 he had 
the " gold fever," and crossed the isthmus of Panama to California, where 
he erected the first crushing machine put up in that country, for the 
Fremont Mining Co. He also had very valuable claims, but had to sell 
them for a small price and come away, being sick with the fever so prev- 
alent in those days in California. 

During the Rebellion he was one of a firm which had a large govern- 
ment contract to supply certain regiments with beef. In 1876 he went to 
Canada, having a large contract on the celebrated Welland Canal at St. 
Catharine, Ont., remaining three years. He then came over to New 
York state, had contracts on the four-tracking of the N. Y. Central, 
and also on the Delaware, Lackawanna & Western R. R. He was of an 
inventive turn, having invented and patented a cap for a derrick at eighty 
years of age. He retired from active work about his seventy-fifth year. 
He had always been a Baptist in faith, and at the age of seventy-seven 
he was baptized and taken into the church. He was a man of wonder- 
ful strength and fine physique, standing six feet high, weighing 250 Ibs. 
He lifted 1,125 Iks. dead weight, without harness, three railroad rails, 
in the presence of a number of people in East Boston.* Children, all 
born in Boston : 


2. MARY JANE, b. June 25, 1843. 

3. ELIZABETH ANN, b. Aug. 14, 1845. 

4. DANIEL HENRY, b. Aug. 12, 1847, m. Alice B. Barry of 

Boston, Mass. 

5. SARAH MELISSA, b. July 24, 1849, m. Menas Faustinode de 

Mena of Porto Rico. 

6. JOSEPHINE LILLY, June n, 1852, m. Eugene Francis Smith 

of Newark, N. J. 

7. ADELINE NELDA, b. Sept. 13, 1854, m. Alva Leonard 

Spring, d. New York City. 

8. IDA MAY, b. Jnly 25, 1856, d. Boston, May 16, 1858. 

9. BENJAMIN MANLY, b. Aug. 19, 1858, m. Olive Orinda Hunt 

of Bath, N. Y., Feb. 7, 1883. 

GEORGE WASHINGTON CRAM, son of Daniel and Mary Ann 
(MacNulty) Cram, was born at East Boston, Mass., Jan. 25, 1842 ; married 
Lydia Ann Bartlett of Newburyport, Mass., Jan. 25, 1865, who was born 
July n, 1841, daughter of Horace William Bartlett of Salem, Mass., and 
Ann Maria Currier of Newburyport, Mass. He was by occupation a rail- 
road contractor. Mr. Cram, though but a grandson of I/yndeborough, 
with commendable loyalty to his kindred, wished to have a name and 
place with his worthy ancestry in our history. When he had been re- 
quested by a relative to give some account of what he had done in his 
line of work, he gave a summary of his achievements which is so re- 
markable as to have few parallels anywhere. He is a railroad contractor 
and builder and wrote, " I built the Bethel and Hawleyville Branch 

* Substance of above sketch given by his son George Washington Cram. 


Road, the Peterboro R. R. from Wilton to Greenfield, N. H. ; the 
Swampscott & Marblehead Branch road, the North Brookfield Branch 
road, the additional tracks from New Rochelle Junction to Mamaroneck, 
for the N. Y., N. H. & H. R. R. Co., that portion of the Meriden, Water- 
bury & Cromwell R. R. through Waterbury, difficult work it was too ; 
and the contract for the rock excavations through the Newtons in 1896- 
1897, for the Boston & Albany R. R. Co., and portions of the old Boston 
& Hartford R. R. east of Willimantic and west of Waterbury, Conn, the 
Delaware, I/ackawanna & Western R. R. through Steuben Co., and sub- 
contract for sections 17 and 18, earth work and timber, do. the Welland 
Canal through Thorold, Canada. I have built Waterworks, Sewers in 
various cities and towns here in the New England States." 

"I superintended and built the dam for the Borough of Norwalk, Ct., 
in Lewisboro, N. Y. I do not suppose every grandson of I/yndeborough 
has built as many miles of railroad as I have here in the New England 
States. I have done more large contracts than my father and brother 
together have done." 

" The Sewer contracts, large ones, were for the city of Salem, towns of 
North Brookfield and Southbridge, Mass. The same for the Borough of 
Norwalk, Conn., in the town of New Rochelle, N. Y., New Bedford 
Water Works, City of Salem extensions to the Willows ; So. Norwalk, 
Ct., Norwalk and Waterbury, Ct., and Welland Canal." Children : . 

1. ALBERT STEVENS, b. at Newburyport, Oct. 31, 1865, d. at 

Norwalk, Conn., Oct. 26, 1890. He studied law during 
the years 1884 and 1885, at the law school of Yale Uni- 
versity, New Haven, Conn. He had to give up studying, 
owing to ill health. 

2. GEORGE EVERSLEIGH, b. at Norwalk, Conn., Oct. 14, 1875. 

He graduated from the Norwalk ' ' Over River ' ' school in 
1892, and prepared with private tutors for the Sheffield 
Scientific School. He graduated from the Sheffield Scien- 
tific School June 28, 1898, with the degree of Ph.B. He 
was a member of the Freshman boat crew of 1898, which 
beat the Harvard and Columbia Freshmen boat crews at 
New lyondon. He pulled the bow oar. He entered the 
College of Physicians and Surgeons, Columbia University 
in the City of New York, October, 1897. He is a member 
of the Protestant Episcopal Church, of which the entire 
family of Mr. and Mrs. George W. Cram are members. 

3. ALICE BARTLETT, b. at Norwalk, Conn., Oct. 15, 1877. 

4. CLARENCE CURRIER, b. at Norwalk, Conn., Feb. 28, 1880. 

JOHN CRAM, son of John and Susanna (Fuller) Cram, born in 
Wilton, Oct. 15, 1768; married Nov. 25, 1784, Olive, daughter of Jacob 
and Isabella (Hutchinson) Cram of Lyndeborough. She was born Oct. 
6, 1769; died at Hallowell, Me., March 16, 1851. He died at Hallowell, 


Me., June 4, 1818. Two of their children born at Lyndeborough and the 
last two at Gardiner, Me. : 

1. DANIEL, b. July 23, 1790, m. Polly French of Jay, Me., 

March 20, 1813. He d. at Hallowell, Me., May 8, 1827. 

2. OLIVE, b. June 14, 1792, m. Nov. 3, 1814, Jeremiah Mc- 

Causlin, d. Oct. 18, 1851, at West Gardiner, Me. 

3. BENJAMIN, b. Jan. 3, 1802, m. Sept. 30, 1824, Phebe Good- 

win of Hallowell, Me. He d. at New Orleans, June 4, 1829. 

4. JACOB, b. Aug. 2, 1804, d. young. 


DBA. SAMUEL S. CUMMINGS came to Lyndeborough from Bed- 
ford, N. H., in 1850. He came on a bed, having been accidently 
shot at a muster, and his shoulder shattered. He lived at the Center in 
the house with Nathaniel Jones for a short time and then removed to a 
farm about a mile north of the South Village where he lived the remain- 
der of his days. He was made a deacon of the Baptist Church in 1881. 
He was born in Bedford, N. H., July 26, 1818 ; married Mary E. Dow of 
Wolfboro, N. H., Sept. 7, 1845. She was born Jan. 5, 1828. He died 
Sept. 7, 1897. Children : 

1. CHARLES P., + 

2. MARY T. ELLA, b. in Bedford, N. H., July 29, 1848, m. 

James F. Haley of Salem, Mass., Nov. 28, 1867, d. Nov. 
5, 1881. 

3. L/YDIA J., b. in Lyndeborough, April 18, 1850, d. Aug. 28, 


4. ALFARETTA, b. in Lyndeborough, April 24, 1853, d. June 5, 


5. WILLIE H., b. in L/yndeborough, Sept. 25, 1855, m. Minnie 

F. Roach of Boston, Mass., June 27, 1887. She was born 
March 27, 1861. Res. in Manchester, N. H. 

6. SANFORD S., b. in Lyndeborough, Jan. 24, 1858, m. Jennie 

S. Jacobs of L/ynn, Mass., April 4, 1884. She was b. Jan. 
14, 1864. Res. in Lynn, Mass. 

7. HARRY E., b. Nov. 24, 1860, m. Sadie E. Blake of Lynn, 

Mass., May 31, 1888. She was b. Feb. 5, 1868. Res. in 
Beverly, Mass. 

8. EMMA A., b. April 7, 1853, d. Oct. i, 1854. (Adopted) 

CHARLES P. CUMMINGS, son of Samuel S. and Mary (Dow) Cum- 
mings, born in Bedford, N. H., April 16, 1847; married Nellie E. Wood- 
worth of Fayette, Me., Nov. 30, 1871. She was born July 16, 1849. He 
is a carpenter and resides in Manchester, N. H. 

LANGDON B. CUMMINGS. Langdon, Nathan, and Charles J. Cum- 


mings were brothers. Langdon B., born March 13, 1826 ; married Sept. 
5, 1861, Sarah A. French, daughter of Sumner French of I/yndeborough. 
She was born Dec. 9, 1844. He removed to Milford, N. H., and died 
April 29, 1887. Children : 

1. MARY H., b. March n, 1863, in I/yndeborough. 

2. NELLIE M., b. Jan. 19, 1868, m. Fred N. Burnham of Mil- 

ford, N. H., Jan. 21, 1890. 

3. CHARGES P., b. Oct. 16, 1871. 

4. MARSHALL F., b. Oct. 16, 1871. 

5. ABBIE B., b. Jan. 25, 1874. 

NATHAN P. CUMMINGS, born in Rindge, N. H., June 29, 1828 ; 
married July 3, 1851, Mary A. Whitcomb of Rindge, N. H. She was 
born June 21, 1833. He died Sept. 3, 1883. Children : 

1. NETTIE M., m. Robert C. Mason. (See Mason gen.) 

2. ELIZA J., b. Feb. 8, 1855, m - Myron E. Smith of Ashby, 

Mass., Feb. 22, 1882. 

3. EMMA E., b. Feb. 25, 1857, m. Alton Battles of Westminster, 

Mass., Dec. 25, 1882. 

4. GEORGE P., b. March 15, 1859, m. Myra L. Brackett of 

Peterboro, N. H., Jan. 16, 1889. 

5. LULA E., b. Oct. 4, 1861, m. July 5, 1880, Frank O. Baxter 

of Boston, b. May 13, 1863. 

6. HENRY A., b. Jan. 24, 1864. 

7. ERNEST J., b. July 7, 1867, m. May Lynch of Lynn, Mass. 

8. BURTT L., b. Aug. 15, 1871. 

9. SADIE G., b. May 9, 1876. 

ERNEST J., BURTT L>, SADIE G. were b. in Lyndeborough. 

CHARLES J. CUMMINGS came to I/yndeborough from Rindge in 
1861 ; born Dec. 9, 1830 ; married Nov. 27, 1852, Sarah Eliza, daughter of 
Nathan and Sarah (Newell) Moore of Sharon. She was born April 25, 
1834. Resides on the Chenery place. Children : 

1. WILLIAM H., b. at Rindge. 

2. VIOLA E., b. at Sharon, April 7, 1856, d. May 25, 1856. 

3. MYRA L., b. at L/eola, Wis., May 14, 1858, m. Oct. n, 1886, 

Charles A. Hibbard of Stoneham, Mass. He d. at Lynde- 
borough, July 4, 1891. 

4. CHARLES W., b. at Lyndeborough, July 20, 1862, d. Oct. i, 


5. FRANK E., + 

FRANK E. CUMMINGS, son of Charles J. and Sarah E. (Moore) 
Cuminings, born July 24, 1863; married Oct. i, 1885, Minnie F., daughter 


of Brackley and Abigail (Rutherford) Rose of Wilton. She was born 
May 14, 1865. Child : 

i. IRWIN E., b. Aug. 19, 1886. 


The name Curtis is of English origin and was first adopted by a family 
residing in Bucks County, England. The descendants of this family 
spread into Essex and Lincolnshire Counties during the reign of Edward 
I, and also to Cambridgeshire and Hunts. 

From this line was one Israel Curtis, born in London, England, who 
sailed for America in 1725, bringing with him a son also named Israel. 
They settled in Middleton, Mass., where the younger Israel married 
Abigail - in 1744. They had eight children, some of the descen- 
dants of whom still reside in Middleton, Mass. EH, son of Israel and 
Abigail, born Jan. 18, 1754, married Susanna Wilkins and removed to 
Reading, Mass. They had four children and this family moved to 
Lyndborough May 8, 1796, and settled on what has since been known as 
Beech Hill, then a part of Lyndeborough, since annexed to Mt. Vernon. 

ELI CURTIS, son of Israel and Abigail Curtis, born Jan. 18, 1754; 
died Aug. 18, 1835 ; married Susanna Wilkins. Children born in Reading, 
Mass. : 


2. ASHER, -j- 

3. EDITH, 

4. SUSAN, m. John Hartshorn. (See Hartshorn gen.) 

ELI CURTIS, son of Eli and Susanna (Wilkins) Curtis, born Jan. 10, 
1784 ; married Sarah Loring of New Boston, N. H. She was a daughter 
of William Loring and granddaughter of John Loring, who sailed from 
England under command of Gen. Wolf and fought at the capture of 
Quebec. She died Nov. 30, - . He died Aug. 7, 1876. Although Mr. 
Curtis owned a farm his chief occupation was lumbering, sawing the logs 
in his own mill which was situated east of where E. C. Curtis lives on 
the brook running from Badger Pond. He also teamed to Boston, carry- 
ing goods both ways and making the entire trip with oxen. He was firm 
in his religious and political beliefs. A strong Republican, he always 
considered it his duty to be at town meeting and cast his vote. A stanch 
Orthodox and member of the Congregational Church, with keen black 
eyes, snow-white hair, his presence at church was noticeable long after 
deafness prevented his hearing a word the preacher said. Children, all 
born in Lyndeborough : 

1. JOHN L,., b. July 19, 1817, d. April 16, 1834. 

2. SARAH A., b. Nov. 15, 1818, d. April 30, 1894. 

3. ELI C., + 

4. ISRAEL W., + 

5. WILLIAM, b. April 17, 1826, d. May 31, 1836. 

6. BETSEY A., b. May 5, 1827, m. Robert K. L/ynch. (See 

L/ynch gen.) 


7. WILLIAM W., + 

8. ISAIAH B., -f- 

9. ASHER, + 

10. HANNAH D., b. June 27, 1835, m I*evi A. Tyler. (See 
Tyler gen.) 

11. HIRAM F., b. Oct. 7, 1837, d. Mar. 19, 1896. 

12. OLIVA J., b. May 23, 1842, m. John Baldwin of Wilton, 
N. H., d. Sept. 19, 1866. 

ELI CLARK CURTIS, son of Eli and Sarah (Coring) [Curtis ; born 
May 3, 1821 ; married Betsey A., daughter of Asher and Clarissa (Carkin) 
Curtis, Nov. 14, 1844. She was born May 21, 1827. In his boyhood days 
he worked in his father's mill and in the timber districts, excepting the 
few weeks that was then considered necessary for school purposes. But, 
nevertheless, he improved the spare moments in reading and study, and 
being an earnest student, succeeded in gaining a good education. He 
possessed great musical ability, and devoted much time and money to 
gaining a thorough knowledge of the art. Probably no one in the state 
has a better technical knowledge of the science of music than he. For 
many years he taught singing classes in adjoining towns, driving there 
and returning home the same night after a hard day's work in the woods. 
He was a member of the Philharmonic Institute of Boston, and a leader 
of church choirs for many years. 

He was largely engaged in lumbering operations, owning and running 
a saw mill on his farm. For the last twenty years farming and raising 
milk for the Boston market has been his business. He is a Republican in 
politics and a strong supporter of the Congregational church, of which he 
is a member and a deacon. He was a member of the Lafayette Artillery 
Co., serving as captain at one time. He was a soldier in the Civil War. 
(See Chap. X.) He was a charter member of Pinnacle Grange, and also 
a charter member of Hillsborough County Pomona Grange. He has 
served on the board of selectmen, and represented his town in the legis- 
lature in 1872 and 1873. His wife, Betsey Ann Curtis, is a woman of 
marked individuality, and leaves an impress upon all with whom she be- 
comes associated. With a good musical education and a magnificent 
voice she was indeed a noted singer in her day. In the social life of 
Lyndeborough, in the grange that was dear to her heart, she has been a 
helper of ability and influence. Their daughters, Clara and S. Kate, were 
educated as teachers. Children : 

1. ISAIAH B., b. Oct. 10, 1849. 

2. CLARA A., b. Aug. 6, 1863, m. first, Everett A. Cram of 

L,yndeborough ; second, Samuel J., son of James and 
Nancy (Morse) Sheldon of Wilton, N. H., d. May 19, 1884. 

3. S. KATE, b. March 4, 1858. m. Albert K. Swinnington. 

(See Swinnington gen.) 

ISRAEL W. CURTIS, son of Kli and Sarah fLoring) Curtis, born 
Dec. 21, 1823 ; married Sarah, daughter of Joseph and Charlotte (Merrill) 


Haggett, Nov. 28, 1850. She was born Aug. 16, 1833. He removed to 
Wilton, N. H., and died Oct. 8, 1889. Children : 

1. ELI J., b. Dec. 29, 1851, m. first, Elsie Daniels; second, 

Jan. 4, 1886, Ella, dau. of Nathan and Sarah (Bruce) 
Richardson. She was b. March 12, 1854, d. June 27, 1891. 
He d. Aug. 31, 1891. 

2. CLINTINA S., b. Dec. 28, 1854, m. Dr. A. A. Whitney of 

Adrian, Mich. 

3. HATTIE L,., b. Dec. 16, 1859, d. March 28, 1866. 

4. NETTIE C., b. March n, 1862, d. Sept. 13, 1878. 

5. WALTER J., b. March 3, 1867. 

WILLIAM W. CURTIS, son of Eli and Sarah (Loring) Curtis, born 
June 28, 1829; married Oct. 23, 1851, Hannah D., daughter of Charles 
and Abigail (Jones) Parker. She was born Dec. i, 1834. He received 
his education in the schools of Lyndeborough, at Mont Vernon academy 
and had private instruction by Rev. E. B. Claggett. He taught school for 
a number of years, and was superintendent of schools for seven years. 
He then turned his attention to farming and lumbering. Always on the 
alert for business, he bought many wood lots and had the wood cut and 
shipped from Wilton. He also kept a general store at the "centre " for 
a number of years. 

He packed and sealed the first fruit ever sold on the market in glass 
cans. They were sold by J. W. Tufts of Boston, pharmacist. He was 
the first to ship a lading of apples from this country to England to be 
sold by auction. The undertaking was a success and he followed the 
business of buying apples for twelve years, shipping about four hundred 
thousand barrels. For sending a most excellent package to Queen 
Victoria he was made a purveyor to her majesty. The apples were 
selected and packed by Oliver Perham of Lyndeborough. The queen 
accepted the fruit and acknowledged its receipt by a letter written by 
her private secretary and sealed by her own hand. He made a study of 
music, and was a member of the Congregational Church choir for many 
years. He was active and energetic in all that he undertook to do. He 
was connected with many business enterprises. He died at Cambridge, 
Mass., Jan. 24, 1904. Children : 

1. ABBIE F., b. June 10, 1856, m. I^uke Beard of Wilton, 

d. Dec. 23, 1899. Children : Elmer, Gertrude, Florence. 

2. CHARLES P., b. Oct. 4, 1858, d. Jan. 23, 1882. 

3. WILLIS C., b. June 26, 1860, m. Feb. 9, 1891, Carrie Trow- 


4. GEORGE B., b. Sept. 29, 1862, d. Oct. 16, 1862. 

ISAIAH B. CURTIS, son of Eli and Sarah (Loring) Curtis, born July 
23, 1831; married June 6, 1855, MaryJ., daughter of David and Bethiah 
(Wilson) Holt of Lyndeborough. She was born Jan. 20, 1833. Chil- 
dren : 

i. ASHER B., b. April 8, 1856, d. July 19, 1862. 


2. LIZZIE; B., b. Jan, n, 1859, d. Sept. 19, 1862. 

3. IDA B., b. Sept. 22, 1860, d. July 4, 1886. 

4. LAVADE, b. June 20, 1863, d. Jan. 19, 1884. 

5. DEI,BERT W., b. Oct. 6, 1864, d. Oct. 24, 1867. 

6. LIZZIE G., b. April 3, 1870, m. Walter S. Tarbell. (See 

Tarbell gen.) 

7. AGNES C., b. April 5, 1875. 

ASHER CURTIS, son of Eli and Sarah (Coring) Curtis, born Aug. 9, 
1833; married Clara, daughter of Albert and Reliance (Reed) Farns- 
worth of Wilton, N. H., April 28, 1864. She was born Feb. 24, 1849. He 
resides on the Amaziah Blan chard place. Was a soldier in the Civil 
War. (See Chapter X.) Children : - 

1. KTTA J., b. Aug. 25, 1865, m. George P. Chandler of Wil- 

ton, N. H., Sept. 15, 1885. Children: Eva, Carl L., 
, Lora A., Grace B. 

2. EDWARD I,., b. Dec. 8, 1867, m. Ella, dau. of John and 

Martha (Blodgett) Hall of South Dudswell, Canada. She 
was b. March 28, 1867. They were m. Sept. 13, 1893. 
She d. March 4, 1905. 

3. AUCE C., b. Nov. 19, 1874, d. April 9, i! 

ASHER CURTIS, son of Eli and Susanna (Wilkins) Curtis; born July 
14, 1786; married Clarissa A., daughter of Aaron and Betsey (Duncklee) 
Carkin of Lyndeborough, Dec. 22, 1818. She was born Nov. 13,1797; 
died Dec. 8, 1880. He lived on one of the best farms in Johnson's Corner. 
He was an extensive farmer and his wife an expert in the converting of 
wool into yarn and cloth, and flax into a great variety of table linen. 
This old-fashioned way of carding, spinning and weaving, by which our 
ancestors were clothed, and the skill and labor of the mothers of those 
days in making their families comfortable is worthy of mention, for it is 
almost a " lost art." 

Mr. Curtis used to burn quantities of charcoal and carry it to market. 
He was an old-fashioned Whig and Republican in politics and a Congre- 
gationalist in religious belief, and a noted singer in his day. He died 
April 21, 1876. Children : 

1. KII.BURN S., -f- 

2. BETSEY ANN, b. May 21, 1827, m. Eli Clark Curtis. 

S. CURTIS, son of Asher and Clarissa (Carkin) Curtis, 
born July 6, 1821 ; died Sept. 5, 1893 ; married first, Z,ucy, daughter of 
Daniel and L,ucy (Burnham) Woodward, November, 1850. She was born 
- ; d. May 19, 1853; second, Frances A., daughter of David and 
Ann (Cochran) Holt, Oct. 9, 1861. She was born Feb. 16, 1840. He was 
a very active, energetic man, widely known. At one time he was largely 
interested in the buying of wood lots and the cutting and sale of wood. 
I/ike all the Curtis family he was a great lover of music and a member 
of the church choir for years. He had the misfortune to become almost 


wholly blind the last year or two of his life. Children, all by second 
wife : 

1. ALLISON W., b. Nov. 3., 1862, d. Aug. 29, 1863. 

2. ANNIE M., b. Dee. 19, 1864. 

3. ELTON G., b. Oct. 26, 1867. 

4. JOHN M., b. Sept. 3, 1869, m. Rosie E., dau. of Jason and 

Rosie (Young) Holt, Sept. u, 1894. Child : Frances A., 
b. April 5, 1904. 

5. ALFRED Iy., b. July 23, 1875. Educated at Harvard 



EDGAR A. DANFORTH, son of Capt. George and Sarah (Melzer) 
Danforth, born May 12, 1846; married first, Oct. i, 1867, Susie A., daugh- 
ter of John and Sophia (Ober) Marvell of Milford. She was born 1847 ; 
died Aug. 28, 1869 ; second, Jennie, daughter of Stephen and Caroline 
(Austin) Clay of Lowell, Mass, Aug. 13, 1870. She was born Jan. 10, 
1853; died Sept. 3, 1898; third, March 9, 1904, Lizzie M., daughter of 
Samuel and Eliza (Kenson) Eaton, and widow of Frank I/ovejoy. She 
was born Nov. 14, 1853, at Amherst. 

In 1868 he owned and operated the stage line from Francestown to 
Milford. He disposed of this May i, 1874, and in 1875 came to Lynde- 
borough and entered the employ of the Boston & Lowell R. R. Company 
as station agent, which position he has held ever since. He is the 
present efficient town clerk and has held that office 18 years. He was tax 
collector 14 years. To all the various duties of his positions he brings 
fidelity and courtesy. 


JACOB DASCOMB, son of James and Elizabeth (Farrington) Das- 
cornb, born Aug. 15, 1760; married Aug. n, 1785, Rachel, daughter of 
John and Mary (Ellingwood) Dale. She was born July 24, 1762 ; died 
July i, 1827. He died July 4, 1827. He was a soldier in the Revolution- 
ary army. In 1809 he removed to Wilton. While in Lyndeborough, he 
was for several years town clerk and selectman. Children born at 
Lyndeborough : 

1. RACHEL, b. Nov. 15, 1745, m. Timothy Putnam. (See 

Putnam gen.) 

2. SARAH, b. Aug. 12, 1787, m. October, 1809. Archelaus Ful- 

ler. (See Fuller gen. ) 

3. JACOB, b. May 5, 1789, d. Dec. 17, 1789. 

4. CALVIN, b. Oct. 29, 1790, m. Rachel Putnam, July 23, 1820. 

She d. Oct. 10, 1856. He d. Oct. 13, 1859. 

5. BETSEY, b. Aug. 14, 1792, m. 1816, John Thurston. 

6. LUTHER, b. March 15, 1795, d. Feb. 28, 1797. 

7. MARY, b. June 3, 1797, m. Dec. 3, 1835, Samuel W. Dutton 

of Northfield, Mass. 


8. JACOB, 2ND., b. Aug. 13, 1799. Rem. to Andover, Mass., 

Nov. 30, 1875. Twice married. 

9. lyUTHER, b. Dec. 20, 1801. 

10. JAMES, b. June i, 1805. 


DAVID G. DICKEY, son of Adam and Keziah (Clement) Dickey, 
born Oct. 24, 1836 ; married first, Oct. 16, 1864, Mary E., daughter of 
John J. and Abby (Mudgett) Balch. She was born July 17, 1842 ; died 
March 26, 1900 ; second, Aug. 28, 1900, Mrs. Nellie E. Kenniston of 
Andover, Mass. She was born March i, 1867. He came to Lyndebor- 
ough from Deering in 1864. Was superintendent of the town farm for a 
number of years ; was selectman and held other town offices ; was a 
soldier in the Civil War. Child, by first wife : 

i. NEIL J., b. Dec. 14, 1871, d. Feb. 13, 1883. 


ABRAHAM DINSMORE and Love, his wife, were evidently among 
the earliest settlers in the territory of Lyndeborough that was used to 
form a part of Temple. Abraham, Abraham, Jr., and Zebadiah Dins- 
more were Revolutionary soldiers and when the alarm came from Ticon- 
deroga marched in company with 34 others to the front. Abraham and 
Zebadiah were of those who marched to Cambridge from Temple on the 
alarm of the igth of April, 1775, as related in the History of Temple. 
The older children of Abraham, Jr., are recorded as born at Temple, but 
he must have removed to Lyndeborough for children are also recorded 
as born there. Record of the children of Abraham and Love Dins- 
more : 

i. ABRAHAM I,., b. at Temple, Oct. 12, 1777. 
5. SAMUEL, b. at Temple, June 24, 1779. 

3. L,OVE, b. at Temple, May 26, 1781. 

4. SARAH, b. at Temple, March 22, 1783. 

5. EPHRAIM, b. at L/yndeborough, March 21, 1785. 

6. GEORGE, b. at L/yndeborough, Dec. 21, 1787. 


CAPT. JOHN B. DOLLIVER was born in Marblehead, Mass, April 
22, 1810. His father was in the U. S. Naval Service during the War of 
1812. His grandfather came to Lyndeborough about 1775 and purchased 
a lot of wild land of Jesse Putnam, the deed bearing date November, 
1775. When a lad of four years, John came to live with his grand- 
parents, and after their death he inherited the homestead property. He 
was a large and powerfully built man, broad-shouldered and strong, of 
great endurance, and of great industry withal. He was genial and fond 
of company, enjoying a laugh or a joke, even if it was at his own ex- 
pense. He took great interest in military matters and in military exer- 
cises and was captain of the Lafayette Artillery at one time. He married 


first, Lucetta P. Draper of Greenfield, June 3, 1836. She was born April 
27, 1816 ; died April 9, 1852 ; married second, Mrs. Abbie E. Conant of 
Greenfield, N. H., Feb. 3, 1853. She was born July 21, 1819 ; died Dec. 
2 9> *%97' He died Sept. 30, 1887. Children, all born in Lynde- 
borough : 
By first wife : 

1. lyUCETTA J., b. March 5, 1837. 

2. SARAH R., b. Oct. 9, 1839, m. Henry Holt of Greenfield 

3. BENTON J., b. Jan. 15, 1841. 

4. L/YDIA K., b. Nov. 13, 1843. 

5. PERSIS B., b. Nov. 30, 1845, m. Frank Brook of Green- 

field, d. Nov. 28, 1889. 

6. GEORGIANNA M., born March 9, 1847, d. July 6, 1870. 

7. WILLIAM H., + 
By second wife : 

8. FRANK P., born June 24, 1853. Res. in San Francisco. 

9. GEORGE S., born Nov. 20, 1854, d. Feb. 5, 1887. 

10. EDWARD W., -f- 

11. ABBIE A. G., b. July 13, 1858, m. Fred S. Pickett, Nov. 

14, 1882, d. Feb. n, 1895. 

12. SAMUEL A., -|- 

13. CARRIE E., b. Nov. 13, 1862, m. Warren C. Ordway of 
Francestown, d. Nov. 26, 1888. 

14. L/ouis E., b. Feb. 24, 1864. Res. in San Francisco. 

WILLIAM H. DOLLIVER, son of John B. and Lucetta (Draper) 
Dolliver, born Dec. 26, 1849; married Emma J., daughter of Joseph and 
Mary J. (Putnam) Blanchard of Greenfield. She was born July 8, 1852. 
Children born in I/yndeborough : 

i. FLOSSIE L/., b. Jan. 16, 1879. 
2- GRACE M., b. Oct. 17, 1883. 
Two of their children, both boys, d. young. 

EDWARD W. DOLLIVER, son of John B. and Abbie (Conant) Dol- 
liver, born Oct. i, 1856; married Sarah (Wilson) Temple of Frances- 
town, March 18, 1877. She was born March 16, 1856. He is a black- 
smith and farmer and has a residence and shop on the Forest road near 
the intersection of the road to the centre. Children : 

1. JOHN E., b. Feb. 22, 1878, at Francestown, m. Edith I. 

Smith, Nov. 2, 1898. She was b. March 16, 1879. Child : 
Dorothy, b. Nov. 19, 1904. 

2. BESSIE C., b. Jan. 31, 1884, at L/yndeborough. 

3. LILLIAN W., b. Oct. 19, 1888, at L/yndeborough. 

SAMUEL A. DOLLIVER, son of John B. and Abbie (Conant) Dol- 
liver, born Feb. 28, 1860; married Jan. i, 1884, Carrie M., daughter of 
Sewell M. and Sarah F. (Putnam) Buck. She was born Aug. 30, 1866. 



The Donovan family is a very ancient one, whether Irish or English 
history is to be credited. Its age antedates the Danish invasion of 
England. We shall not attempt to trace the current to its source, how- 
ever, but shall give instead, a brief account of Rev. Mr. Donovan and 
of his family. He was born, April 8, 1837, in the parish of Myross, 
County of Cork, Ireland, and came to America with his parents in 1847. 
He lived several years in Nova Scotia, then came to Fitchburg, Mass., 
where he went to school a short time. He went into Vermont in 1857, 
and began preparation for college; graduated at the University of 
Vermont in 1864, and at The Newton Theological Institution in 1867 ; was 
ordained at Belchertown, Mass., in 1867, pastor there till 1869. He also 
had one pastorate in Rhode Island, two in New York State, and also two 
in New Hampshire, at Cornish, and at Lyndeborough since 1886. 

He was married in Baldwinsville, Mass., Nov. 28, 1867, to Miss E. M., 
daughter of the late Joseph Nichols, M. D., of Springfield, New Hamp- 
shire. She was born April 20, 1838. Child : 

i. WINFRED NICHOLS DONOVAN, b. Jan. 24, 1869, in Belcher- 
town, Mass. He was graduated at Colby College in 1892, 
and after teaching a short time entered The Newton Theo- 
logical Institution, graduating in 1898. He is now assis- 
tant professor of Biblical Interpretation at The Newton 
Theological Institution, and resides at Newton Centre. 
Mr. Donovan married, Dec. 23, 1895, Miss Nellie Stuart, 
born Oct. 27, 1870, daughter of Francis W. Bakeman, 
D.D., and Ellen (Stuart) Bakeman. Children: Francis 
Bakeman and Elizabeth Nichols. 


The Duncklee family of Lyndeborough is of Scotch descent. The first 
to come to Lyndeborough, of which any record can be found, was 
Hezekiah, who came from Danvers, Mass., and settled in that part of 
Lyndeborough which was afterwards made the town of Greenfield. He 
was of the fourth generation from Elnathan, who came to America from 
England and settled in Dedham, Mass., in 1651. It is not known just 
when he came to Lyndeborough, but he was a soldier in Capt. Peter 
Clark's company in 1777. (See Chapter X.) His wife was Mehitable 
White, a sister of Mrs. Aaron Lewis, also of Moses White of Lynde- 
borough. They were children of Benjamin and Mary White of Dedham, 
Mass. Hezekiah Duncklee had at least three sons of record. He died 
in Greenfield, March 10, 1827. Children : 

1. EBENEZER, -|- 

2. HEZEKIAH, -\- 

3. L/EONARD, -f- 

EBENEZER DUNCKLEE, son of Hezekiah and Mehitable (White) 
Duncklee ; born Sept. 3, 1781 ; married Lucy Morgan of New Boston. 


She was born 1794; died Aug. 19, 1856. He died Dec. 22, 1864. Reset- 
tled on a farm near the Nathan Richardson place. Children : 

1. ISAAC Iy., -+ 

2. LUCY, b. July 25, 1827, d. July 29, 1858. 

3. WILLIAM R., -j- 

ISAAC L. DUNCKLEE, son of Ebenezer and Lucy (Morgan) Dunck- 
lee; born Sept. 21, 1824; married first, June 17, 1852, Elizabeth H., 
daughter of Williams and Hannah (Lewis) Woodward, born Feb. 13, 
1830; died Feb. 7, 1855. Married second, Jan. 8, 1857, Minerva H. Cud- 
worth of Greenfield. She was born Feb. 21, 1826; died June 20, 1904. 
Child by first wife : 

1. CHARLES M. b. April 4, 1854, d. Oct. 21, 1858. 

Children by second wife : 

2. L-IZZIE A, b. Dec. 7, 1857, d. Sept. 14, 1858. 

3. CLINTIE M., b. July3, 1862. 

4. MINNIE A., b. May 6, 1865, d. June 18, 1867. 

WILLIAM R. DUNCKLEE, son of Ebenezer and Lucy (Morgan) 
Duncklee ; born Oct. 22, 1831; married May 4, 1862, Ursula J. Richards 
of Goffstown, born June 29, 1845 > died April 15, 1899, at Lyndeborough. 
He died June 2, 1898. Was a soldier in the Civil War. (See Chap. X.) 
Children : 

1. WILLIE A., b. Jan. n, 1863, rem. to New York. 

2. MINNIE J., b. Feb. 16, 1866, m. William E. Richardson. 

(See Richardson gen.) 

3. ANDY U., b. May 14, 1868, rem. to California. 

HEZEKIAH DUNCKLEE, son of Hezekiah and Mehitable (White) 
Duucklee, born Feb. 17, 1784; married Feb. 25, 1812, Anna Bachelder of 
Greenfield. She was born April 2, 1782; died Aug. 10, 1857. He died 
Nov. 16, 1863. Children : 

1. JULIA ANN, m. Sherebiah Manning. (See Manning gen.) 

2. JOHN J., b. May 12, 1817, m. Sarah J. Page, Oct. 19, 1843, 

rem. to Pennsylvania, d. May 13, 1891. 

3. LAJCY M., b. Feb. 27, 1819, d. Feb. 2, 1888, m. Stephen 

Carleton of Nashua. 

4. JOSEPH FLAVEL, b. May 21, 1822, m. Julia M. Patch, Nov. 

22, 1857, rem. to Francestown, d. April 3, 1894. 

5. HENRY H., b. Sept. 23, 1825, m. Nov. 22, 1849, Cornelia E. 

Whittemore. He d. May 20, 1888. 

LEONARD DUNCKLEE, son of Hezekiah and Mehitabel (White) 
Duncklee ; born Jan. 10, 1794 ; married March 28, 1839, Elizabeth B., 
daughter of Aaron Lewis, born May 2, 1816; died Dec. 19, 1896. He 
died April 19, 1863. Child, born in Lyndeborough : 

i. DANIEL WEBSTER, b. March 10, 1841, rem. to Francestown. 



EDWARD P. DUNCKLEE, son of John M. and Cynthia (Center) 
Duncklee; born in Greenfield, Jan. 21, 1832; married Dec. 17, 1857, 
Amanda O., daughter of John M. Follansbee. She was born at Andover, 
Mass., March 13, 1837 ; died at Boston Aug. 18, 1895. He came to Lynde- 
borough in 1876 from Stoneham, Mass., where he had been extensively 
engaged in the manufacture of shoes. He bought the Gage place on the 
mountain, and remodeled and enlarged the buildings, bought land and 
established the now well known Pinnacle House, a resort for summer 
boarders. Children, born at Stoneham, Mass.: 

1. EMMA A., b. June 26, 1859, m. Oct. 25, 1876, Charles A. 

Moody of lyowell, Mass. Of their children, one, Zetta A., 
was born in L/yndeborough. 

2. EDWARD A., b. July 27, 1871. 


ROBERT DUREN married Hannah, daughter of Daniel Putnam, and 
lived where the Baptist parsonage is. One child, recorded as born at 
Lyndeborough : 

i. OSGOOD JOHNSON, b. May 13, 1829. 


The immigrant ancestor of the Dutton families of Lyndeborough was 
John Dutton, who came to America in 1630 and settled in Reading, Mass. 
His son Thomas, with his wife Susanna, lived in Woburn and Reading, 
Mass., where their children, nine in number, were born. Thomas died 
Jan. 22, 1667, and his wife died Aug. 27, 1684. They had a son, Thomas, 
who married Rebecca Draper. By this marriage he had five children. 
Their son Thomas married Harriet Burge, and thirteen'children were the 
result of this marriage, all born in Billerica, Mass. Josiah, their fourth 
son, was born Feb. 21, 1716, and he married Sarah Parker, April 6, 1743. 
They had eleven children, and were the parents of Benjamin, Jacob, Ezra 
and William Dutton, who came to Lyndeborough in the early days of its 
settlement. Jacob and Ezra settled in that part of the town which was an- 
nexed to Francestown in 1792. William settled on the land now owned 
by Sewell M. Buck, and Benjamin on the Dutton homestead farm north 
of the mountain. Reuben inherited the farm from his father, Benjamin, 
and raised a large family there, and then Benjamin, son of Reuben, occu- 
pied the farm. It is abandoned now, nothing but a cellar hole and lilac 
bushes to mark the site. Jacob Dutton married Rhoda Dix. She died 
in Francestown Feb. 6, 1807. They had nine children. Five of them are 
recorded as born in Lyndeborough : Jacob, born Dec. 20, 1781 ; Joel, born 
April 24, 1784; Sara, born Feb. 10, 1786; Olive, born Feb. 5, 1788; An- 
drew, born May 21, 1789. Their father died in Francestown Nov. 8, 1803. 

The four brothers who helped settle the town were all born in Notting- 
ham West, now Hudson, and came to Lyndeborough some time previous 
to 1780. They served in the Revolutionary army, and their service is de- 
scribed in another chapter. Benjamin was here as early as 1769, for his 


name is on a petition to have Amherst made the Shire town, dated April 
5, 1769. The other three brothers probably came a little later. 

There is a record of Asa Button and Phene, his wife. Child : Phene, 
born Feb. 24, 1776. 

BENJAMIN BUTTON, son of Josiah and Sarah (Parker) Button; 
born April 27, 1746; married Sarah Stiles. He died Sept. 3, 1803. Chil- 
dren : 

1. BENJAMIN, b. July 17, 1770. 

2. SARAH, b. May 15, 1772. 
.3. REUBEN S. + 

4. JACOB, b. Sept. 26, 1776, d. Dec. 2, 1779. 

5. SARAH, b. March 19, 1779. 

6. AMY, b. July 24, 1781, d. July 6, 1782. 

7. DEIDAMIA, b. April 29, 1784. 

8. IvOis, b. Sept. 10, 1786, d. Dec. i, 1803. 

9. MOSES, b. Mar. 24, 1789. 

REUBEN S. BUTTON, son of Benjamin and Sarah Button, born Aug. 
26, 1774. He married first, Nancy Clark ; second, I/ydia Hyde. He 
lived on the Button farm north of the mountain. Children by first 
wife : 

1. L,EAFE, b. July 22, 1798. 

2. BENJAMIN, -|- 

3. REUBEN, b. May 18, 1804, m. Arethusa Evans of Peterboro. 

He d. at Milford, March 8, 1889. 

4. MYNARD and MIANDA (Twins), b. Dec. 2, 1806. Mynard 

m. Susan Stevens of Andover, Mass. She was b. at An- 
dover, March 23, 1814, d. at Ayer, Mass., Dec. 29, 1891. 
Of their two children Eliza J. was b. at Lyndeborough, 
Aug. 18, 1834, d. at Nashua, July 10, 1849. Philena A. 
wasb. at Fraucestown, July 12, 1847, m. Charles W. Ather- 
ton of Greenfield. 

5. Lois, b. Aug. 17, 1809. 

6. ROXANNA, b. April n, 1813, m. John Balch of Francestown. 
Children by second wife : 

7. SAMUEL, b. June 13, 1824. Rem. to the west. 

8. WILLIAM, b. May 27, 1825. Rem. to the west. 

BENJAMIN BUTTON, son of Reuben and Nancy (Clark) Button, 
born June 24, 1801 ; married Jan. 27, 1835, Betsey E., daughter of Nehe- 

tniah and (Putnam) Rand. She was born Aug. 21, 1814. He died 

Oct. 27, 1869. He lived on the farm his father owned in the northwest 
part of the town, nothing but the cellar hole to mark the site. 
Children : 
i. ANN E., b. Jan. 5, 1838, m. June 3, 1857, John Gage. 


2. MARY J., b. July 7, 1839, m. Edward Kidder of Wilton. 

3. BENJAMIN W., b. April 13, 1847, d. March 22, 1866. 

EZRA BUTTON, son of Josiah and Sarah (Parker) Button, born Aug. 
,3) J 755 '. married Phebe ; died Feb. 4, 1794. Children : 

1. RICHARD, b. Aug. n, 1779. 

2. THOMAS, b, Dec. 14, 1783. 

3. PHEBE, b. Aug. 22, 1786. 

4. MARY, b. Sept. 19, 1788. 

5. ELIZABETH, b. May 19, 1791. 

CAPT. WILLIAM BUTTON. Among the early settlers of Lynde- 
borough was William Button, who was born May 23, 1760, at Notting- 
ham West. He came from Westford, Mass., probably. He married 
Susanna Reed of that town. He lived where Sewell M. Buck now lives. 
He died Oct. 9, 1807, aged 48 years. His wife died in 1841, aged 83 years. 
Their children are all recorded as born in Lyndeborough. He was a 
captain in the Continental Army. (See Chapter VII.) Children : 

1. REBECCA, b. April 20, 1782, m. John Beasom. (See Bea- 

som gen.) 

2. JOHN, b. Jan. 19, 1784, d. Jan. 21, 1784. 

3. WILLIAM, -f 

4. HILDRETH, b. Sept. i, 1787, m. Sally Putnam of L/ynde- 


5. SALLY, b. Oct. 20, 1789, m. Stearns. 

6. PERLEY, b. July 21, 1792, m. Fanny Wilkins. 

7. SUSANNA, b. Oct. 18, 1795, m. Russell Upton. 

8. WARREN, b. Jan. i, 1798. 

9. IvUCiNDA, d. unm. 

10. REED, b. April 10, 1803, m. first, Oct. 26, 1828, Betsey 
Burnap, m. second, Betsey Wheeler. 

WILLIAM Button, son of William and Susannah (Reed) Button, 
born April 20, 1785 ; married Sarah Beasom. He died April 26, 1828. 
Sarah (Beasom) Button died in Michigan, Jan. 24, 1857. He early re- 
moved to Michigan, and was in the banking business there. His descen- 
dants live at Adrian, Mich. Children : 

1. WILLIAM, b. March 8, 1813, d. Oct. 30, 1884. 

2. JANE P., b. March 7, 1816, m. a Robbins and rem. to Vine- 

land, N. J. 

3. JOHN A., b. April, 1817, d. Oct. 27, 1861. 

4. RODNEY T., b. Sept. 30, 1819, d. June 2, 1855. 

5. HILDRETH, b. June 10, 1821, d. Nov. 5, 1846. 

6. SARAH A., b. July 24, 1824, d. April, 1852. 

7. ANTHONY T., b. April 22, 1826, d. March 22, 1870. 

8. LUCINDA, b. Feb. 26, 1828, d. Sept. 23, 1851. 



GEORGE W. EASTMAN, son of Enoch S. and Sarah E. (Blanchard) 
Eastman, born at South Tamworth, N. H., Jan. 26, 1858 ; married Annie 
E., daughter of George W. and Martha L,. Hildrup Musso. She was 
born at Lynn, Mass. They were married June 29, 1877. He came to 
Lyndeborough from Lynn, Mass., in 1893, and settled on the Adoniram 
Russell place. He is a watchmaker and jeweler by trade, and has the 
distinction of having the only greenhouse in Lyndeborough. Children : 

1. MABEL L,., b. at L/ynn, April 15, 1878. 

2. HERBERT W., b. at Lynn, Aug. 15, 1882. 

3. CLARENCE A., b. at Foxboro, Mass., Aug. 18, 1884. 

4. HAROLD, b. at Franklin, Mass., Aug. 3, 1886. 

5. EDITH G., b. at Franklin, April 22, 1888. 

6. EDGAR L., b. at Lynn, May 10, 1890. 

7. ROLAND W., b. at Lynn, March n, 1892. 

8. ARTHUR G., b. at Lyndeborough, Nov. 3, 1895. 


WARREN A. EATON, born at East Cambridge, Mass., Dec. 8, 1843; 
married July 9, 1865, C. Annie Nichols of Nova Scotia. She was born 
July 19, 1841. He came to Lyndeborough from Cambridge in May, 1886, 
and bought the water power known as Buttrick's Mills. Here he oper- 
ated a saw and grist mill and carried on a small farm until October, 1900, 
when he removed to Somerville, Mass. He early won the esteem of the 
people of Lyndeborough, and was a member of the board of selectmen. 

i. CARL A., b. Dec. 29, 1880, d. in Lyndeborough, Feb. 2, 


Charles R. Carter, a nephew of Mr. Eaton, lived in his family, 
born Aug. 10, 1878. 

FRANK H. EATON, son of George D. and Eliza (Southwick) Eaton ; 
born Feb. i, 1855; married April 10, 1886, Georgia Landers of Yarmouth, 
N. S. She was born March 13, 1856. He is a brother of Warren A., and 
came to Lyndeborough from Somerville, Mass., in 1884. He bought a 
farm on the Forest road above Joseph Blanchard's place, and lived there 
until 1899, when he returned to Somerville. He was one of the board of 
selectmen, and took an active part in the social affairs of South Lynde- 
borough. Children, all born in Lyndeborough : 

1. BERTHA A., b. Oct. 24, 1888. 

2. CHESTER E., b. March 28, 1890. 

3. LEWIS J., b. Jan. 4, 1892. 

4. LOTTIE M., b. April 2, 1895. 

5. LENA A., b. Jan. 3, il 



SAMUEL ELLINGWOOD came to Lyndeborough from Amherst in 
1810 and lived on a place now owned by E. C. Curtis in the south part of 
the town. There is a record in the town book of births of Ebenezer, son 
of Joseph and Sarah Ellingwood, born Dec. 31, 1774. Joseph may have 
been the father of Samuel, also. Jacob, one of the sons died at the 
town farm. One of the daughters married Uriah Cram. (See Cram gen.) 
We have no further record of this family. 


ENVILLE J. EMERY was the pastor of the Baptist church at South 
Lyndeborough for a number of years. He came to Lyndeborough about 
1855 from Nashua, N. H. Child : 

i. MADALON, m. Albert Wheeler, res. at East Jaffrey. 

JOHN M. EMERY, son of Jacob and Betsey (March) Emery ; born 
July n, 1829 ; died Sept. 6, 1891 ; married Ann M., daughter of James and 
Sarah (Brown) Bradford, April 26, 1857. She was born July 21, 1841. 
John was a brother of Enville, and came to Lyndeborough from Nashua 
about the same time. He was a fine singer and taught singing school in 
the winter season, and his services were in request as a musician. He re- 
sided in South Lyndeborough. Children, born in Lyndeborough : 

1. HARLAN E., + 

2. CLINTIE A., b. Sept. 13, 1871. Is a teacher and res. at 

Winthrop, Mass. 

HARLAN E. EMERY, son of John M. and Ann M. (Bradford) Emery; 
born Jan. 14, 1868 ; married June 20, 1900, May B., daughter of Hubert M. 
and Eliza A. (Stephenson) Potter of Lowell, Mass. She was born July 
n, 1871. Child, born in Lyndeborough : 

i. GLADYS E., b. June 27, 1901. 

MORRIS M. EMERY, son of Jacob and Betsey (March) Emery; born 
March 23, 1821 ; married Lois Heath of Henniker. She was born Sept. 
13, 1818; died Jan. 2, 1887. He died March n, 1886. He was a seaman, 
and during the spring and summer months pursued his calling on the 
water, but generally spent his winters in Lyndeborough. Child, born in 
Lyndeborough : 
i. ALICE, b. Feb. ii. 


Daniel Epes in the county of Kent, England, left a widow, who mar- 
ried Gov. Symonds and came to Ipswich, Mass., bringing with her a son 
by her former husband named Daniel, who married Elizabeth, daughter 
of Gov. Symonds, by whom he had a number of children. One of them, 
Daniel, married Martha Boardman of Cambridge, April 17, 1672. Francis, 
Joseph and Benjamin Epes were children of Daniel and Hannah (Pres- 
cott) Epes, and were among the early settlers of Lyndeborough. They 
were of the fourth generation from Daniel, the immigrant ancestor. 

* This name is now spelled Epps. 


FRANCIS EPES. The name of Francis Epes appears as one of the 
early settlers of Lyndeborough. He was the second son of Daniel and 
Hannah (Prescott) Epes, and settled north of the mountain. He was 
born Oct. 19, 1740, and married Mary Frost, a daughter of Gen. Frost of 
Kittery, Me. Their first child is recorded as born July 24, 1768. He 
was evidently much respected in the town, and entrusted with much of 
the town business in those early days. He died in Francestown in 1802. 
He removed to that place in 1790 and settled on the old Fairbanks place 
south of Driscoll Hill.* His wife died in Lyndeborough. Children, 
born in Lyndeborough : 

1. MARY, b. July 24, 1768, m. Joseph Kidder of Lyndeborough. 

2. HANNAH, b. Jan n, 1770, d. in Francestown in 1797. 

3. SARAH, b. April 6, 1772, m. Samuel Stevens of Francestown, 

d. Aug. 8, 1796. 

4. ELIZABETH, b. May 26, 1773, m. Israel Balch of Frances- 

town, d. Dec. 14, 1846. 

5. ABIGAIL, b. June 23, 1775, m. Samuel Stevens of Frances- 

town, d. May 17, 1825. 

JOSEPH EPES, a younger brother of Francis, also settled in Lynde- 
borough. He was born March 24, 1763, and married Elizabeth Rand of 
Lyndeborough. They lived at one time on the place now owned by Mr. 
Bailey, north of the mountain. He removed to Orleans, N. Y., where he 
died Nov. 22, 1831. She died at the same place June 24, 1849. Children, 
born in Lyndeborough : 

1. JOSEPH, b. Aug. 17, 1787. 

2. ELIZABETH, b. April 3, 1791. 

3. HANNAH, b. April 15, 1796. 

4. LEWIS, b. July 17, 1798. 

5. NEHEMIAH, b. April 9, 1801. 

6. DANIEL, b. Oct. 27, 1793. 

There is also a record of Polly and Dolly, twin daughters of 
Benjamin Epes and Anna his wife, b. Nov. 24, 1787. Henry, 
son of the same, b. Aug. 10, 1789. 


DAVID FARRINGTON came to Lyndeborough some time previous to 
1800, probably in 1790, though the exact date is not known. He married 
Mary C., daughter of Dr. Benjamin and Elizabeth (Cleaves) Jones. She 
was born Jan. 20, 1781. Children, born in Lyndeborough : 

1. MARY, b. Nov. 12, 1800, m. Caleb Leonard and rem. to 

Stockbridge, Vt. 

2. ABIGAIL, b. March 21, 1803, m. Oliver Bixby. (See Bixby 


* Francestowu History. 


3. ELIZA, b. Feb. 24, 1807, m. Nov. 6, 1828, Nehetniah Epps 

of Francestown. 

4. HULDAH, b. Dec. 1 8, 1811, m. Nov. 13, 1839, Oliver Bixby. 

(See Bixby gen.) 

5. SARAH, m. Royal Tupper. 


NATHAN FISH, born in Mason, Nov. 9, 1771 ; married 1795, Hannah 
E. Russell of Wilmington, Mass. She was born July 9, 1778. In early 
life he was indentured to Samuel Stiles of I/yndeborough and Susanna 
his wife to dwell with them and serve them until he should reach the age 
of twenty-one years. In return he was to be taught the "art and mys- 
tery of husbandry." Among the old papers which he left is his commis- 
sion as 4th sergeant in the 3rd company of the 26th Regt., S. M., signed 
by Lieut. Col. Benj. Pierce of Hillsborough, the father of Gen. Franklin 
Pierce, president of the United States. He was sworn in by Capt. Peter 
Clark, Justice of the Peace. Children : 

1. NATHAN, JR., -f- 

2. NATHANIEL R., -+- 

3. DANIEL, b. May i, 1800, m. Jan. 24, 1822, Patty, dau. of 

Thomas and Patty .(Coburn) Bradford of Lyndeborough. 
She was b. Feb. 7, 1802. He d. April 16, 1886 in Temple. 

4. HANNAH, b. Sept. 17, 1803, d. Jan. 12, 1883. 

5. ANNA, b. Feb. n, 1805, d. Aug. 27, 1884. 

6. MARY ANN, b. March 27, 1808, m. Dec. 29, 1826, Dr. Co- 

burn of Wilton. 

7. SARAH S., b. Oct. 12, 1810, d. Oct. 28, 1886. 

8. RUSSELL, b. May n, 1812, d. June 4, 1812. 

9. JOHN R., b. Oct. 13, 1814, d. May 4, 1846. He was driving 

a team down the hill near Buttrick's mill when one of the 
oxen became unyoked, and in endeavoring to keep the 
yoke off the ground he was run over and killed. 

10. NEHEMIAH, -f- 

11. MARTHA, b. Sept. 6, 1818, d. April 15, 1844. 

12. CAROLINE M., b. May 8, 1820, m. L/evi H. Woodward. 
(See Woodward gen.) 

NATHAN FISH, JR. Son of Nathan and Harriet E. (Russell) Fish; 
born in Wilton, Dec. 2, 1795; married April 4, 1834, Sally, daughter of 
Thomas and Lucy (Parker) Draper, born Aug. 30, 1810 ; died Feb. 23, 
1856. He died Sept. 27, 1886. Children : 

1. RHODA, m. Joseph Blanchard. (See Blanchard gen.) 

2. NATHAN A., m. Mary Young. 



4. GEORGE L. H., d. in the army. 

Of these children one, Rhoda, was born at Lyndeborough, the 
other three at Temple. 

NATHANIEL R. FISH, son of Nathan and Hannah E. (Russell) 
Fish; born in Temple, Nov. n, 1796; married Sept. 19, 1820, Rebecca 
Palmer of Methuen, Mass. She died Oct. 3, 1882. He resided in Peter- 
borough for many years, but died in Lyndeborough Feb. 7, 1889. Chil- 
dren : 

1. REBECCA, b. April 2, 1822, m. David C. Grant of Lyndebor- 

ough. (See Grant gen.) 

2. ASCENETH, b. July 10, 1823, d. Oct. 14, 1839. 

3. ELSEY, b. March 24, 1826, m. Franklin H. Kidder of Lynde- 

borough. (See Kidder gen.) 

4. EDWIN N., b. Jan. n, 1828. 

5. JAMES G., b. Jan. 2, 1830. 

6. GEORGE O., b. Aug. 18, 1832, d. May 26, 1873. 

7. SARAH E., b. July 13, 1836, m. Benjamin G. Herrick. (See 

Herrick gen.) 

8. WILLIAM R., b. Jan. 18, 1839, m. Sarah Raymond of Green- 

field, res. in Keene. Children : Arthur, Willie. 

NEHEMIAH FISH, son of Nathan and Hannah E. (Russell) Fish; 
born Feb. 20, 1817 ; married Nov. n, 1845, Lydia Spofford. She was born 
in Clarendon, Vt., June 18, 1822. He died in Greenfield Feb. 6, 1894. 
Children : 

1. HARRIET, died young. 

2. JOHN I,., born in I/yndeborough Jan. 3, 1854 ; married 

Sept. 5, 1883, Ida M. Newton, b. in Claremont, Oct. 22, 

3. Ai^ivEN, b. in 1856, d. in infancy. 

4. LYDIA M., b. March 10, 1862, m. John Flint, d. April 19, 



EBENEZER FISKE was the son of Benjamin and Lydia (Hobbs) 
Fiske. He came to L,yndeborough from Danvers, Mass., in 1835. The 
farm that he bought and settled on was the land that the Rev. Sewall 
Goodrich chose as part of his settlement and known thereafter as the 
Goodrich place. It lies north of Badger Pond, and is now owned by 
William C. Wilder. Mr. Fiske was much respected for his strict integ- 
rity of character. While taking great interest in the affairs of the town, 
and always fulfilling the duties of citizenship, he never aspired to public 
office, and gave his whole time to his business of farming. He was a de- 
voted member of and a constant attendant at the Congregational church. 
Failing health compelled him to relinquish the active work of the farm, 


and in 1882 he removed to Milford, where he died after a short illness. 
He was born Aug. 18, 1809 ; married first, June 8, 1835, Elizabeth, daugh- 
ter of Simon and Frances (Putnam) Mudge. She was born Aug. 22, 
1813; died July 6, 1860. He married second, Mrs. Elizabeth Wilson, 
widow of Griffin Wilson of Nelson. She was born March 17, 1814. He 
died March 30, 1883. She died in Milford, Dec. 30, 1893. Children by 
first wife, all born in I/yndeborough : 

1. FRANCES, b. March 30, 1836, m. Levi P. Spalding. (See 

Spalding gen.) 

2. lyYDiA J., b. Dec. 3, 1837, d. in 1840. 

3. HERBERT A., + 

4. JAMES O., + 

5. BENJAMIN M., + 

6. JENNIE C., b. April 9, 1846, m. Jan. 31, 1871, William D. 

Deadman of Wakefield, Mass. Children: William F., b. 
Aug. 28, 1873 ; Roy S., b. Feb. 25, 1879, d. Oct. 24, 1885 ; 
Alice M., b. May 19, 1882. 

7. JULIA A., b. May 8, 1848, m. March 3, 1880, Edwin Stark 

of Wakefield, Mass. Children: Theodore F., b. Nov. 14, 
1881, Edwin J., b. April 20, 1883, Helen F., b. Feb. 24, 

8. WIU.IAM E., + 

9. ALMIRA E., b. Aug. 23, 1852, res. in Wakefield, Mass. 

HERBERT A. FISKE, son of Ebenezer and Elizabeth (Mudge) 
Fiske, born Oct. 18, 1839; married Sept. 28, 1876, Sarah E., daughter of 
Otis and Mary (Gushing) Cutler. She was born Dec. 8, 1848. He died 
Feb. 14, 1905. He was for many years the manager of an extensive soda 
water manufactory in Boston. Child : 

i. MARY E., b. Aug. 2, 1877. 

JAMES O. FISKE, son of Ebenezer and Elizabeth (Mudge) Fiske, 
born Nov. 21, 1841 ; married June, 1869, Sarah O., daughter of Samuel 
and Sarah (Goodrich) Jones. She was born Feb. 18, 1846; died Dec. 26, 
1894. He died Sept. 8, 1899. Child : 

i. HARRY B., b. Dec. 17, 1873. 

BENJAMIN M. FISKE, son of Ebenezer and Elizabeth (Mudge) 
Fiske, born March 5, 1844 ; married Dec. 21, 1866, Sarah A. Fletcher of 
Brighton, Mass. She was born Nov. 8, 1842; died Jan. 8, 1900; married 
second, Feb. 12, 1902, Sarah Elizabeth Willis. He removed to Brighton 
in 1864 and entered the employ of Charles Dana in the meat and pro- 
vision business. In 1866 he bought out the business, and was very suc- 
cessful from the start. He is one of the assessors of Brighton, a direc- 
tor in the Market National Bank, a director in the Brighton Savings 
Bank and a prominent and influential citizen. 


WILLIAM E. FISKE, son of Ebenezer and Elizabeth (Mudge) Fiske, 
born Aug. 22, 1850 ; married April 5, 1876, Phebe C., daughter of Otis 
and Mary (Gushing) Cutler. She was born Aug. 19, 1852. He was col- 
lector for the Howe Sewing Machine Co. five years and in the provision 
business in Brighton and Boston nine years. He returned to the home- 
stead farm in April, 1887, and was farmer and produce dealer until 1902, 
when he removed to Wilton. He was a strong supporter of the Congre- 
gational Church, serving as clerk and treasurer of the society for a num- 
ber of years. Child : 

i. AGNES GUSHING, b. Sept. 27, 1878, m. George P. Bradford. 
(See Bradford gen.) 


ISAAC P. FRENCH, son of David and Lydia (Parker) French, born 
Oct. 8, 1790 ; married March 26, 1815, Clarissa, daughter of Capt. Nathan 
and Ann (Remick) Barnes. She was born 1795. He was a grandson of 
Gen. William French and came from good Revolutionary stock. He 
was born at Bedford and came from that place to Lyndeborough and 
settled on the Barren place, now owned by Frank B. Fay. His wife was 
a sister of John Richardson's wife and also sister of Mrs. Rodney C. 
Boutwell. His name appears often in the records of the town as hold- 
ing public office, and he was evidently a man of much ability. He re- 
moved to Massachusetts about 1850. They had three sons : 

1. DAVID, b. Feb. i, 1817. 

2. GEORGE W., b. July 25, 1819. 



SUMNER FRENCH was born in Fitchburg, Mass., Jan. i, 1806. Came 
to Lyndeborough in 1852. In 1853 he bought the "Woodward" home- 
stead farm in the north part of the town. March n, 1871, the old brick 
house was burned to the ground, and there has been no house there 
since. Mr. French married Mary L. Rice of Uxbridge, Mass., March 10, 
1832. She was born Sept. 4, 1808; died Jan. 8, 1851; married second, 
Lucy Averill of Mt. Vernon, N. H., Oct. 16, 1851. She was born Sept. 
21, 1811. He removed to Francestown in 1872, where he died Oct. 14, 
1881. Children by first wife : 

1. MARSHALL S., b. in Methuen, Mass., Sept. 12, 1835. Res. 

in Melrose, Mass. 

2. SARAH A., b. in Manchester, N. H., Dec. 9, 1844, m. 

L/angdon B. Cummings of Rindge, N. H. (See Cummings 


ANDREW FULLER came to Lyndeborough from Middleton, Mass., 
in 1765. He was a descendant of the fourth generation from Thomas 
Fuller, who came to the colonies from England in 1638. He was born in 
Middleton, Mass., April 21, 1743. He fitted for college and at an early 


age entered Dartmouth, from which he was graduated in 1764. On com- 
ing to Lyndeborough he commenced to teach school and followed that 
vocation until 70 years of age. He was evidently a man of varied ac- 
complishments, for as a surveyor he ran many of the first lines through 
the virgin forest of the then sparsely settled town. In the controversies 
of the times he was much consulted for his knowledge of the law. He 
was a devout member of the Congregational Church and while not an 
ordained minister, he often supplied the pulpit and preached acceptably 
to the people. He was of slight physique and never weighed more than 
ninety pounds. He wore knee buckles until the last, and long after 
they were out of fashion. He was town clerk and held other office and 
was a soldier in the Revolutionary Army. (See Chapter VII.) He 
married first, Mary Putnam, who was born March 13, 1748 ; died Nov. 
18, 1777; second, Hannah Smith, who was born Aug. i, 1749; died Sept. 
5, 1824. He died in 1831. Children by first wife, all born in Lynde- 
borough : 

1. MARY, b. Oct. 17, 1768, m. Piam Herrick. Rem. to Wil- 

ton, N. H. 

2. PAMEUA, b. March 12, 1770, m. Aaron Kidder. She d. 

Dec. 23, 1816. 

3. MEHITABLE, b. Sept. 18, 1771, m. Collins Whittemore. 

Rem. to Hancock, N. H. 

4. BENJAMIN, b. Feb. 24, 1774, m. first, Blanchard ; sec- 

ond, Blanchard (Sisters). Rem. to New York. 

5. BETSEY, b. Feb. 6, 1776, m. David Kidder. 
Children by second wife, all born in Lyndeborough : 

6. SARAH, b. Jan. i, 1780, m. Samuel Davis. 

7. ARCHILAS, b. April 25, 1781, m. Sarah Dascomb. Rem. to 

Syracuse, N. Y. 

8. OLIVE, b. March 31, 1783, m. Rufus Badger. 

9. HANNAH, b. March 21, 1785, m. Osgood Hutchinson. 

10. ANDREW, + 

11. FANNY, b. Aug. 17, 1793, m. Moses Fisher, Jr. Rem. to 

12. ANNA, b. June 19, 1795, m. Jacob Manning. 

ANDREW FULLER, son of Andrew and Hannah (Smith) Fuller, 
born March 16, 1790; married April 29, 1821, Hannah M. Chenery of 
Watertown, Mass. He died Feb. i, 1872. Children : 

1. JOHN C., b. Oct. 6, 1822, d. Oct. 23, 1822. 

2. HANNAH M., b. July 30, 1824, m. George C. Hutchinson 

of Milford, d. Feb. 15, 1856. 

3. ELIZA, b. Dec. 7, 1825, m. Charles Parker. Rem. to Man- 


4. MARY J., b. Nov. i, 1827, m. Jonas Merriam of Billerica, 

Mass. Rem. to Charlestown, Mass. 


5. GEORGE R. W., b. Nov. 6, 1831, d. Nov. 16, 1843. 

6. WILLIAM H., b. Jan. 19, 1834, m. Addie Sterling of Dor- 

chester, Me. Rem. to Billerica, Mass. 

7. MOSES C., -}- 

8. JOHN A., + 

9. SARAH E., b. March 8, 1843, d. Dec. 4, 1855. 

MOSES C. FULLER, son of Andrew and Hannah (Chenery) Fuller, 
born Dec. 19, 1835; married first, Dec. 19, 1860, Ann E. King of Milford. 
She died Oct. 24, 1888 ; second, Oct. 27, 1894, Mrs. Cora A. Morin of 
Stoneham, Mass. She was born May 6, 1855. He lives on the home- 
stead farm, which has belonged to the Fuller family since 1765. He has 
held town office and was in the U. S. service during the Civil War. ( See 
Chapter X.) Children : 

1. ELLA J., b. Dec. i, 1862, m. Chas. B. Smith of Wilton. 

Shed. Feb. 18, 1895. Two children : Harry, Irene. 

2. ANDY A., b. Jan. 8, 1868, d. June 24, 1871. 

3. CORA M., b. Dec. 31, 1876, m. David C. Butterfield of New 

Boston, April 9, 1894. Two children: Andy, Christine. 

JOHN A. FULLER, son of Andrew and Hannah (Chenery) Fuller, 
born March 15, 1839; married May 21, 1865, Ella Wright of New Boston. 
He died Dec. 16, 1897. Child : 

i. FRED A. 


JOSEPH H. FORD came to Lyndeborough in 1830 from Jasper, N. 
Y., born April 30, 1810; married Feb. 7, 1833, Betsey A., daughter of 
Thomas and Betsey (Holt) Kidder. She was born March 6, 1814; died 
Feb. 23, 1887. He died Feb. 14, 1877. Children, all but Alfred -T., born 
in Lyndeborough : 

1. MARY A., b. Sept. 3, 1833, m. March 13, 1853, Hezekiah 

D. Davis of Shirley, Mass. Res. in Mason. Children : 
Franklin, b. L,yndeborough, George, -Fred S., b. Oct. 7, 
1869, d. Dec. 24, 1871. 

2. ALVIN J., b. Sept. 2, 1835, m. Mary Marsh of Greenfield. 

He d. May 12, 1896, in New Ipswich. 

3. JOSEPH F., b. July 13, 1837, d- Dec. 5, 1837. 

4. SUSANNA, b. July 17, 1840, m. John Gage of L/yndeborough. 

(See Gage gen.) 

5. ALFRED T., -|- 

6. ALMANDA J., born Jan. 27, 1851, m. Albert Conant. (See 

Conant gen.) 

ALFRED T. FORD, son of Joseph H. and Betsey A. (Kidder) Ford, 
born Dec. 10, 1846, in Wilton ; married Abby, daughter of Peter and 


Mary (Blunt) Shedd of Milford, Oct. 29, 1887. She was born Nov. 18, 
1844. Child : 

i. ROBERT A., (Adopted), b. July 21, 1892. 


ALBERT FOSTER, b. at Ashby, Mass., July 30, 1826; married Nov. 
25, 1858, Sarah A. Davis of Sharon. She was born June 29, 1834 ; died 
Nov. 22, 1903. He came to Lyndeborough from Brookline in the fall of 
1889 and settled on the Otis Perham place, " Perham Corner." Chil- 
dren : 

1. MADA E., b. at Brookline, Sept. 17, 1866, m. Aug. 5, 

1891, Morton F. Hutchinson, d. Oct. 26, 1892. 

2. EMMA C., b. at Brookline, July 29, 1872, m. Fred H. Tar- 

bell. (See Tarbell gen.) 


JOHN GAGE came to Lyndeborough from New Boston in 1825, and 
settled on the David Woodward place, where the Pinnacle summer house 
now stands. He married April 24, 1817, Sally Tinker. She died Aug. 
8, 1859. He died May n, 1861. Children : 

1. SARAH, b. at New Boston, June 28, 1818, d. May 15, 1849. 

2. HARRIET, b. at New Boston, Feb. 3, 1820, m. John Newell. 

(See Newell gen.) 

3. lyUCY A., b. at New Boston, March 31, 1822, d. March 7. 


4. DAVID, b. at New Boston, Feb. 17, 1824, d. Feb. 16, 1889. 

5. RUTH A., b. at L,yndeborough, June 9, 1826, m. John W. 

Burnham. (See Burnham gen.) 

6. MARY B., b. at I^yndeborough, July 27, 1829, d. July 30. 


7. ELIZA J., b. at I,yndeborough, Feb. 24, 1832, m. John 

Newell. (See Newell gen.) 

8. JOSEPH, -f- 

9. JOHN, + 

JOSEPH GAGE, son of John and Sally (Tinker) Gage, born June 20, 
1834; married first, April 25, 1855, Harriet A. Wyman of Manchester. 
She died and he married second, Julia A. Buxton of Weare. Children 
born at Lyndeborough : 

1. PERLEY R., b. June 29, 1856, m. I^aura E. Ritzelman of 

Fort Wayne, Ind. He was a railroad conductor and d. 
Aug. 7, 1889. 

2. GEORGE E. Res. at Garrett, Ind. 

JOHN GAGE, son of John and Sally (Tinker) Gage, born Sept. 27, 


1836; married first, Ann E., daughter of Benjamin and Betsey E. (Rand) 
Button, June 3, 1856. She was born June 5, 1838 ; died Aug. 9, 1862 ; 
second, Louisa A. Follansbee of Weare. Divorced 1884 ; third, Phila M. 
Gustin of Manchester, June 3, 1885. She was born Jan. i, 1840. Chil- 
dren : 

1. ELLA C., b. at L,yndeborough, April 5, 1848, m. M. D. 


2. VILEDO, b. at Greenfield, Dec. 13, 1864. 

3. I,INDLE;Y V., b. at Henniker, May 27, 1869. 

4. WALDO C., b. at Henniker, April 12, 1877. 


DAVID GAGE, born in Merrimack, Sept. 8, 1795 ; married Aug. 12, 
1823, Betsey, daughter of Daniel Putnam of Lyndeborough. She was 
born Jan. 24, 1800. He died Oct. 3, 1841. He went as a missionary to the 
Cherokee and Choctaw Indians in Wayne Co., Missouri. He remained 
there with them, teaching and preaching until they were removed by the 
government to the west of the Mississippi River. (See Page 600.) 

JOHN GAGE, son of David and Betsey (Putnam) Gage, born June 15, 
1836, in Wayne Co., Mo. ; .married Feb. 24, 1859, Susan, daughter of 
Joseph and Arvilla (Kidder) Ford. She was born July 17, 1840 ; died 
March 8, 1901. He lived in Lyndeborough when a young man, and was 
a member of the Lafayette Artillery, with the rank of captain and went 
with the company to Portsmouth. He is a mason by trade and resides 
in Wilton. Child : 

i. WALTER F., b. Jan, 5, 1866. 


HORACE D. GAGE, son of Stephen and Hannah (Gould) Gage, born 
at Amherst, Dec. 7, 1851 ; married Oct. 12, 1881, Nancy, daughter of 
Farnum and Almy (Leavitt) Clark. She was born at Ainherst, April 16, 
1859. He came to Lyndeborough in 1880, and bought the Charles Parker 
farm, North Lyndeborough, where he now resides. Child : 

i. ALICE; L,., b. July n, 1886, d. July 27, 1889. 


William Goodrich of Bury St. Edmonds, County of Suffolk, England, 
was the immigrant ancestor of the Goodrich family of Lyndeborough. He 
came to America in 1636 and settled in Watertown, Mass. He was admit- 
ted " freeman " in 1642. His homestead of five acres was in or near 
what is now Mount Auburn cemetery. The inventory of his estate is 
dated April 3, 1647. His widow, Margaret, married John Hull of New- 

*In the old records of I,yndeborough, both town and church, this name is spelled 
Goodridge. In the preceding chapters of this history the old fashioned way of spelling 
the name was retained so far as it related to the Rev. Sewall. It was probably about the 
time of Dea. Benjamin that the spelling was changed to Goodrich. For convenience the 
modern spelling of the name is used in this genealogy. 


bury, Mass., where she removed with her children. She died Feb. 3, 

Jeremiah, son of William and Margaret, born March 6, 1638 ; married 
Nov. 15, 1660, Mary E. Adams. 

Philip, son of Jeremiah and Mary E. (Adams) Goodrich, born Nov. 23, 
1669; married April 16, 1700, Mehitable Woodman. She was born Sept. 
20, 1677 ; died Feb. 24, 1755. He died Jan. 16, 1729. He was one of the 
first settlers of Lunenburg, Mass., and built the third house in the place 
in 1724. He was a deacon of the church and was the first person buried 
in Lunenburg. 

Benjamin, son of Philip and Mehitable (Woodman) Goodrich, born 
Feb. 3, 1701 ; married April 8, 1730, Sarah Phelps of Lancaster, Mass. 
She was born in 1700; died June 19, 1776. He died April 19, 1773. 

REV. SEWALL, GOODRICH, son of Benjamin and Sarah (Phelps) 
Goodrich ; born in Lunenburg, Mass., July 7, 1747 ; m. Feb. 7, 1769, Phebe 
Putnam of Danvers, Mass. She was born Nov. 26, 1752 ; died June 23, 1832. 
He died March 14, 1809. He was graduated from Harvard College in 1764. 
Dec. 24, 1767, the inhabitants of Lyndeborough voted to give him a call 
to settle in town in the work of the ministry. The proprietors of the 
township had previously voted the sum of .33, 6s, 8d., annually for a 
term of five years to encourage a minister to settle there, and in addition 
made a grant of two hundred acres of land to such person his heirs and 
assigns forever. 

At the meeting, Dec. 24, 1767, it was voted to Mr. Sewall Goodrich for 
his encouragement to settle in town in the work of the ministry the sum 
of fifty pounds, sterling money of Great Britain, twenty-five pounds to 
be paid within one year from his settlement, the other twenty-five pounds 
within two years from his settlement. It would seem that they recon- 
sidered this offer and made him another as follows : 

" Voted to Mr. Sewall Goodrich forty Pounds sterling money of great 
Britain yearly for his support in the work of the Gospel ministry in this 
town until there shall be Seventy families in the town and after that 
forty five Pounds yearly until there shall be one hundred families in 
town, afterward fifty Pounds annually said money to be paid in the 
money as aforesaid or Province currency as equivalent." 

" They voted Jonathan Cram Ephraim Putnam and Benjamin Cram a 
committee to present their call." Mr. Goodrich accepted this call on 
condition that he should be allowed to choose the two hundred acres 
which the "proprietors " had granted, and should have the sum of about 
one hundred and twenty-eight dollars as as an addition to his settlement. 
The proprietors complied with his proposal and he selected the place 
north of Badger Pond now owned by William C. Wilder. He was or- 
dained Sept. 7, 1768, and commenced the work of his ministry. He was 
married the following year, and the bringing of his wife to town was evi- 
dently an interesting event for his people. They came in a two-wheeled 
chaise, a vehicle that had hardly been seen in town at that early period. 
The roads were very rough and Mr. Jacob Wellman was decidedly of the 
opinion that they would not be able to come through with the carriage, 


or at least that the lady would not have the courage to ride in it. It is 
said that he saddled and pillioned his horse, hoping, no doubt, that he 
would have the honor of bringing the bride himself. But it was finally 
decided that the minister and his wife should both keep their seats while 
six strong men followed behind to keep the chaise right side up. Mr. 
Goodrich was then twenty-five years of age and his bride seventeen. 

In these days of one sermon a Sunday of a half or three-quarter hour 
length, it is interesting to reflect upon what this young man had to do. 
He must prepare two sermons for each Sunday and deliver them in a 
church where there was no fire in winter, and each sermon was from one 
and one-half to two hours long. It required courage and devotion to duty 
to do it, and it must be said that it aslo took courage, devotion and strong 
constitutions to sit through those long sermons in a cold house in winter. 
The minister had a little advantage he could warm up to his theme. 

In addition to these duties he was a prominent and successful business 
man, long one of the proprietors of the town, and probably wrote and 
witnessed more deeds than any other man in town since his day. It was 
his custom to commence the Sabbath at sundown on Saturday night. 
All labor and business must be stopped as far as possible. Mrs. Good- 
rich was a busy, thrifty housewife, and had a task appointed for each of 
her household. There were no drones in that hive during the long sum- 
mer days. The busy wheels were kept flying by each girl who was old 
enough to turn them, spinning the wool and flax for the family use. But 
at sundown Saturday the command was given and all work ceased. He 
continued to be the pastor of the church until his connection was dis- 
solved by death, a pastorate of forty-one years. His death occurred town 
meeting day, and Dea. Peter Clark announced the news of his death. 
The meeting voted unanimously to assist the bereaved family at the 
funeral, to invite all the ministers of the vicinity to attend, and to pro- 
vide for their entertainment and to pay all funeral charges. The com- 
mittee was Nathan Wheeler, Capt. Peter Clark, Dr. Benjamin Jones, 
Jacob Richardson, Dea. Aaron Lewis, Peter Clark, 2nd, and Samuel 
Houston. Among those charges was a bill for ten gallons of genuine 
West India rum. That was the custom of that day. Children : 

1. HERITABLE, b. Sept. 25, 1770, m. Oct. 30, 1788, Edward 

Spaulding, d. July 30, 1838. (See Spalding gen.) 

2. SARAH, b. Jan. 18, 1772, m. first, Dec. 22. 1791, James Ord- 

way. He was b. Sept. 27, 1769, d. Sept. 13, 1804. She d. 
July 9, 1852. (See Ordway gen.) M. second, Robert 
Christie of New Boston. 

3. BENJAMIN, -f- 

4. Lois, b. March 23, 1775, m. Dea. Samuel Burnap of Fitch- 

burg, Mass. He was b. May 28, 1801, d. Jan. 18, 1842. 
She d. May 2, 1847- Children: Sewall G., Israel H., 
Samuel, Charles C. P. 

5. LUCY, b. Jan. 13, 1777. 

6. SEWALL, b. Dec. 30, 1778, d. Dec. 7, 1799. 


7. PHEBE, b. Dec. 13, 1780, m. June 15, 1807, John Mack of 

Wilton. He was b. Aug. 7, 1780, d. July 16, 1854. She 
d. Sept. 1 6, 1815. Children : Andrew M., Sewall G., John, 
Sewall G., 2nd, Benjamin. 

8. ISRAEL H., -\- 

9. NATHANIEL, b. Dec. 28, 1784, d. March 23, 1798. 

10. K. PUTNAM, b. Feb. 8, 1787. 

n. PRISCILLA, b. Aug. 24, 1789, m. June 4, 1815, Dea. Wm. 

Jones. (See Jones gen.) 
12. ELIZABETH, b. Nov. 26, 1791, m, Jan. 18, 1820, Asa Lewis. 

(See Lewis gen.) 

DEA. BENJAMIN GOODRICH, son of Rev. Sewall and Phebe (Put- 
nam) Goodrich, born July 9, 1773 ; married Nov. 4, 1802, Sarah, daughter 
of Maj. Peter and Hannah (Epes) Clark. She was born Nov. 19, 1778; 
died Feb. 16, 1873. He died April 10, 1842. He served as selectman, and 
was deacon of the Congregational church for over thirty years. Chil- 
dren : 

1. JOHN C., + 

2. SARAH, b. Nov. 24, 1805, m. Samuel Jones. (See Jones 


3. LUCY, b. Jan. 13, 1808, m. Capt. Peter Clark. (See Clark 


4. MARGERY M., b. April 23, 1810, m. David Stiles. (See 

Stiles gen.) 

5. Lois, b. Feb. 18, 1812, d. July 27, 1840. 

6. BENJAMIN, -}- 

7. SEWALL P., b. July 22, 1816, m. first, Hannah B. McCrillis 

of Amesbury, Mass. She was b. March i, 1818, d. May 9, 
1852. Children : Ella M., Mary H.; m. second, Nov. 15, 
1855, Isabelle L. Adams of Milford, Mass. She was b. 
July 30, 1830. Child : Jennie L. He d. Jan. 20, 1888. 

8. PHEBE M., b. Dec. 24, 1818, m. Oct. 27, 1864, Dea. Abram 

Patch of Wenham, Mass. He was. b. April 3, 1798, d. 
Aug. 8, 1880, at Danvers, Mass. 

DEA. JOHN C. GOODRICH, son of Benjamin and Sarah (Clark) 
Goodrich, born Aug. 15, 1803; married Dec. 4. 1833, Pamela, daughter of 
Paul and Judith (Stickney) Atwood. She was born Sept. 26, 1803 ; died 
Dec. n, 1887. He died Jan. 30, 1882. He represented the town in the 
General Court in 1864-1865, and was deacon in the Congregational church 
thirty-six years. Children : 

1. JOHN H., -f- 

2. MARY P., b. May i, 1839, m. Geo. H. Stevens. (See 

Stevens gen.) 


3. SARAH M., b. Aug. 7, 1843, m. Jan. 10, 1867, David E. 
Proctor. (See Proctor gen.) 

JOHN H. GOODRICH, son of John C. and Pamela (Atwood) Good- 
rich, born March 28, 1835; married Jan. 15, 1874, Addie R., daughter of 
Joseph and Susan (Hobart) Rowe of Boston. She was born Nov. 6, 
1836. He was the postmaster at North Lyndeborough and, together 
with his wife, held the office 44 years, until its discontinuance June 29, 
1901. He represented the town in the general court in 1879-1880, justice 
of the peace 35 years, selectman one year, census enumerator in 1890, 
master of the grange in 1896. Soldier in the Civil War. (See Chapter 
X.) Was a member of the school board for a number of years, and is a 
useful and much respected citizen. Children : 

1. JOHN R., b. Oct. 31, 1874. 

2. MILLIE A., b. Sept. 9, 1876, m. Oct. 15, 1895, Louis A. 

Trow of Mt. Vernon. He was born Nov. 19, 1873. Chil- 
dren : Harold A., b. Jan. 10, 1897 ; Stuart A., b. Feb. 2, 
1898; Amy I., b. June 26, 1899; Jesse E., b. Dec. 27, 

3. JosiE A., b. Sept. 17, 1878, d. Sept. 18, 1878. 

BENJAMIN GOODRICH, son of Benjamin and Sarah (Clark) Good- 
rich, born March 27, 1814; married June 20, 1843, Irene Wardwell, 
daughter of Rev. Stephen Wardwell of Penobscot, Me. She was born 
June 24, 1823; died July 7, 1870. He died Nov. 27, 1857. Children : 

1. SARAH C., b. at Eddengton, Me., Sept. 17, 1844, m. Jan. 19, 

1878, Retyre M. Couch of Warner. He was b. April 5, 
1839. Res. at Southern Pines, N. C. Children: Ever- 
ett, Albert, Saran and L,ewellyn. 

2. Stephen WARDWELL,, -(- 

3. FRANCES I., b. March 17, 1850, m. May 9, 1879, Samuel 

W. Pond of Minneapolis, Minn. He was b. April i, 1850. 
Children; Francis E., Irving J., Samuel B. 

4. JOHN A., b. Dec. i, 1853. 

5. L/ORENZO B., b. Nov. 10, 1854, m - J an - 3 1880, Mathilda 

Fessenfeld of Anahien, Cal. She was b. Nov. 2, 1863. 
Res. in Minneapolis, Minn. Children : Sarah F., Arthur 
W., Norman P. 

6. BENJAMIN ASBURY, b. Oct. 5, 1857, m. Nov. 30, 1882, 

Julia A. Wiggin of Bucksport, Me. She was b. Aug. 6, 
1858. Is a minister and res. in Santa Barbara, California. 
Child : Elaine, b. Sept. 14, 1884. (See Page 621.) 

DR. STEPHEN WARDWELL, GOODRICH, son of Benjamin and 
Irene (Wardwell ; Goodrich, born March 20, 1847 ; married May 15, 1873, 
Georgianna Henderson of New York. She was born May ir, 1850. 


Children: Fred W., Amy I., Edith. Stephen W. Goodrich enlisted at 
Lawrence, Mass., March 24, 1862, in Co. F., ist Mass. Heavy Artillery 
stationed at Arlington Heights. They were ordered to the front May, 
1864, and assigned 2d. Brigade 3d. Division ad. Army Corps. He was in the 
battles of Spottsylvania, North Anna River, Cold Harbor and Petersburg. 
Was taken prisoner at Petersburg and confined in the Pemberton at 
Richmond, also at Andersonville and other southern prisons. Was 
paroled at Savannah, Dec. 10, 1864. He returned to duty, however, and 
was at the surrender of Lee at Appomatox, and mustered out of the ser- 
vice Aug. 16, 1865. He studied medicine with Dr. J. Heber Smith of 
Boston, graduated from the Homeopathic Medical College, March, 1871- 
Since then practiced medicine in New York City. 

ISRAEL H. GOODRICH, son of Rev. Sewall and Phebe (Putnam) 
Goodrich, born Jan. 20, 1783 ; married first, April 6, 1809, Abigail, 
daughter of Aaron and Sarah (White) Lewis. She was born Jan. 24, 
1787 ; died June 30, 1821 ; second, June 10, 1823, Hannah French, born 
Feb. 28, 1786; died Feb. 9, 1859. He died May 15, 1853. Children : 

1. A son b. Aug. 14, 1810, d. Aug. 22, 1810. 

2. A daughter, b. Sept. 10, 1811, d. Sept. 10, 1811. 

3. SEWALL, b. Oct. 20, 1813, d. Jan. 18, 1869. 

4. ABIGAIL, b. April 10, 1816, d. May 4, 1840. 

5. NATHANIEL, b. July 30, 1818, d. Aug. 28, 1820. 

6. SARAH, b. June 24, 1821, m. June 14, 1842, Jacob Hildreth. 

She d. July 5, 1844. (See Hildreth gen.) 
By second wife : 

7. ANSON, b. March 18, 1824, d. April 12, 1824. 

8. ISRAEL H., JR., b. Dec. 28, 1827, d. Oct. 6, 1846. 

9. JAMES, b. Aug. 6, 1830, m. first, April 5, 1853, . She 

was b. Dec. 29, 1829, d. June 2, 1866; second, April 28, 
1868, Mary A. Ross of No. Brookfield, Mass. She was 
b. July 16, 1835. Child : Charles B. 


GEORGE GOULD, son of Thomas and Abigail (Needham) Gould, 
born at Salem, Mass., in 1706 ; married April 20, 1732, Mary Giles, proba- 
bly of Salem. She was born in 1710, and died March 2, 1797, at Lynde- 
borough. He died in Lyndeborough, April 29, 1783. They had eight 
children, all born at Salem, Mass., of these John and Daniel came to 
Lyndeborough with their father. George was a descendant of Zaccheus 
Gould, who came to this country from England some time previous to 
1638. George Gould is recorded as having bought, Jan. 25, 1739, part of 
home lot 46 and lots 74 and 27, second division, making him one of the 
earliest settlers in Salem-Canada. In 1768 they were living on lot 70, 
opposite where the town house now stands, and it is probable that he 
and his sons, John and Daniel, owned pretty much all of the land that 
is now the farms of Fred A. Richardson and William H. Clark. 


JOHN GOULD, son of George and Mary (Giles) Gould, born Oct. 6, 
1744; married Oct. 31, 1769, Susanna (Marsh, Kidder) Chase of Sutton, 
Mass. They had one son recorded as born in Lyndeborough : 

i. JOHN, b. Dec. 31, 1770. 

MAJ. DANIEL GOULD, son of George and Mary (Giles) Gould, born 
at Salem, Mass., Nov. 26, 1749 ; married first, Dorcas Phelps. She was 
born 1749; died, April 6, 1797 ; married second, Mary, daughter of Jacob 
Hook of Kingston, N. H. He died March 5, 1804. He owned the farm 
now known as the Richardson place at the center. He kept a tavern 
there for many years, and all the children were born there. We have 
no further record of this family except the dates of births of their 
children : 

1. SUSANNA, b. April 17, 1766. 

2. MEHITABLE, b. Feb. 25, 1778. 

3. EDY, b. Dec. 29, 1779. 

4. JARED, b. March. 16, 1782. 

5. DANIEL, b. March 19, 1784. 

6. GEORGE, b. Jan. 22, 1788, d. Nov. 17, 1804. 

7. JACOB S., b. Aug. 21, 1793. 


HUMPHRY N. GOULD, son of John and Ruth (Nichols) Gould, 
born at Weare, June 13, 1827; married Sept. 20, 1857, Ellen R,, daughter 
of William B. and Sarah A. (Thompson) Gove, born at Lynn, Mass., 
Oct. 10, 1837. He died at Lyndeborough, Nov. 24, 1901. He came to 
Lyndeborough from Weare and settled on the Jotham Hildreth place in 
1898. Child : 

i. CARRIE M., b. at Weare, May 18, 1867, m. Nov. 30, 1887, 
Daniel A. Johnson, b. at Weare, February, 1860. Is a 
travelling salesman. 


JAMES GRANT, son of John and Margaret (Beasom) Grant; born 
Sept. 22, 1790; married Nov. 3, 1818, Naomi, daughter of David and 
Sarah (Putnam) Cram. He died Nov. 24, 1860. She was born Aug. 21, 
1797 ; died April 6, 1860. Children : 

1. JAMES HARVEY, b. Feb. 29, 1820, m. first, April 17, 1842, 

Olive C. Hill of Berwick, Me. She d. at Marquande, Mo., 
Dec. 24, 1877; m. second, Dec. 24, 1878, Elizabeth Myers. 
He d. at Jackson, Mo., March 9, 1897. Children : Albert 
Harvey, b. at L,yndeborough May 23, 1848; Annie Frances, 
b. at Andover, Mass., Jan. 30, 1859. 

2. DAVID CRAM, -f- 

3. SARAH M., b. May 23, 1825, d. Aug. 3, 1829. 

4. WILLIAM H., -f- 


DAVID C. GRANT, son of James and Naomi (Cram) Grant; born 
June 17, 1823 ; married Sept. 30, 1845, Rebecca, daughter of Nathaniel R. 
and Rebecca (Palmer) Fish of Peterborough. She was born April 2, 
1822 ; died Oct. 31, 1896. He died Jan. 24, 1900. 

Probably no one else had such an abiding interest in the town his- 
tory, or such a fund of information in regard to the people and events of 
the town as he. He was chairman of the history committee at the time 
of his death. Most of his life was spent in his native town, as farmer, 
lumberman and carpenter. From 1860 until 1866, he was largely engaged 
in the pressing and shipping of hay and in lumbering. From 1866 until 
1869 he lived in Boston. In October, 1869, he removed to Minnesota, and 
remained there three years in the lumber business. He returned to 
Lyndeborough in the spring of 1873, and lived here until his death. He 
served his town in the board of selectmen, board of education, building 
committees and in other offices. He was a ready debater and talker, and 
was much called for to preside at public meetings and to speak at town 
celebrations. From the days of the old Lyndeborough lyceum he was 
prominent in everything that related to the educational advancement of 
the town. Children: 

1. ELSIE M., b. Aug. 24, 1847, m. Dana B. Sargent. (See 

Sargent gen.) 

2. DAVID WALTER, b. Dec. 24, 1849, m. Oct. 29, 1872, Alice 

E. Cassidy of Boston. Children: Fred T., Mabel A., 
Nellie E. Fred T., m. Nov. 3, 1898, Olive H. Dyer of 
Marlboro, Mass. 


JAMES ARTHUR GRANT, son of David C. and Rebecca (Fish) 
Grant; born Dec. 20, 1859; m. Feb. 19, 1881, Nellie F., daughter of John 
and Harriet (Glinds) Blanchard. She was born at Wilton, June i, 1862. 
He lived for a time on the homestead farm, and removed to Milford 
in April, 1901. Children, born at Lyndeborough : 

1. CHARLES K., b. June 28, 1882. 

2. GEORGE L/., b. May 2, 1884. 

3. PERLEY A., b. July 19, 1891. 

4. HAROLD W., b. Aug 12, 1895. 

WILLIAM HENRY GRANT, son of James and Naomi (Cram) Grant; 
born Dec. 23, 1829; married Jan. 4, 1855, Martha, daughter of David and 
Mary (Bickford) McCaine of Francestown. She was born Dec. 15, 1832. 
He died Aug. 8, 1901, at Sandstone, Minn. His early education was de- 
rived from the district schools, and as he says, " from such books as he 
could borrow." At the age of fifteen he engaged himself as an appren- 
tice to the harness making trade, but after serving for nearly two years 
he determined to become a lawyer. He attended school at Nashua, at 
the academy at Hancock, at the Yates academy at Orleans, N. Y., and re- 
ceived private instruction from the Rev. Mr. Claggett, at Lyndeborough, 
then taught school two winters. In 1852 he entered the law office of 
Stephen P. Crosby, Esq., at Fraucestowu, and remained a few months. 


After recovering from an attack of typhoid fever he entered the office of 
Samuel M. Wilcox of Francestown, where he remained until 1853. He 
then removed to Manchester, and entered the law office of Benjamin F. 
Ayer, and was admitted to the bar of Hillsborough Co. in 1854. He was 
a deputy sheriff in 1853, and was the representative to the General Court 
from Lyndeborough in 1853 and 1854. He opened a law office in Wilton 
in 1854 and remained there until 1859, when he removed to St. Paul, 
Minn., where he resided until his death. In 1868 he retired from the 
practice of law and devoted his time to private business. 

In the West he did not seek political preferment, but was the candi- 
date pf his party for office with, as he says, " no hope of election." He 
has received high honors in the Masonic fraternity, and was for two 
years the registrar of the Minnesota Society of the Sons of the American 
Revolution. He was also a life member of the Minnesota Historical 
Society. Child : 

i. WILLIAM H., b. Dec. 2, 1857. 


CHARLES HACKETT lived in that part of Lyndeborough, now 
Greenfield, where the John Fletcher place is situated. He was a civil 
engineer and removed to Maine. One child, at least, was born in Lynde- 
borough, Ephraim, born July 6, 1791. Charles Hackett married Susanna 
Burnham of Lyndeborough in November, 1789. She was probably a 
daughter of Stephen Burnham, who settled in that part of the town. 

EPHRAIM HACKETT, son of Charles and Susanna (Burnham) 
Hackett; born July 6, 1791; married Nov. 21, 1811, Lois, daughter of 
Jonathan and Lois (Kidder) Butler. She was born April 29, 1787. He 
removed from Greenfield to Lempster, and lived there for a number of 
years, coming from there to Lyndeborough about 1828. He died in 
Lyndeborough. The three older children were born in Greenfield, five 
in Lempster and the two younger in Lyndeborough. Children : 

1. SUSAN, b. Oct. 25, 1812, d. Dec. 17, 1829. 

2. HANNAH BUTLER, b. Feb. 17, 1814, m. June 7, 1841, Jacob 

Wright of Woburn, Mass. 

3. L/ois MARIA, b. Nov. 21, 1815, m. Sept. 2, 1841, William 


4. L/UCY ALMIRA, b. Feb. 13, 1819, m. April 4, 1844, L/uther 

Cram. (See Cram gen.) 

5. TRYPHENA PUTMAN, b. Oct. 18, 1820, m. Oct. 24, 1844, 

Abijah Thompson of Woburn, Mass. 

6. EPHRAIM, b. April 12, 1822, m. 1852, Harriet G. Pillsbury. 

He was a member of the 22nd Mass. Regt. in the Civil 
War, and died in Thomasville, Ga., Feb. 25, 1887. 

7. RACHEL ROXANNA, b. Jan. 25, 1824, m. May 23, 1844, 

Daniel R. Marshall. 


8. SARAH SOPHRONIA, b. May 18, 1825, m. Sept. 9, 1848, Ed- 

ward C. Thompson of Woburn, Mass. 

9. WILBUR FISKE, b. May 3, 1830. 


CHARLES WESLEY HACKETT, son of Ephraim and Lois (Butler) 
Hackett, born July 23, 1831 ; married Dec. 12, 1853, Myra J. Holt of 
Fitchburg, Mass. He died in St. Paul, Minn., March 21, 1903. He was 
a captain in the loth Regt. Minn. Vol. In the summer of 1862 about 
forty-five men from the farming district adjacent to the town of Lake 
City, Minn., where he was then living, came to Mr. Hackett and offered 
to enlist if he would serve as their captain which he consented to do. 
On the very day of the Sioux Indian outbreak, Aug. 18, 1862, he was 
taking these men to St. Paul to be sworn into service. As a consequence 
of this massacre Capt. Hackett's company was put into immediate ser- 
vice on the frontier. In 1863, in command of his company, he marched 
with the loth Regiment against the Sioux Indians, with the column 
under Gen. Sibley to the Missouri river and was in the various actions of 
that arduous expedition. He was a member of the Loyal Legion and 
was among the older settlers of the state of Minnesota. His character 
is summed up best perhaps in the resolutions passed by the St. 
Paul Chamber of Commerce, of which he was a member. " During his 
entire life he was a citizen without reproach, and his character and repu- 
tation for uprightness and integrity in all his dealings was as firm and 
unyielding as is the granite in the mountains of his native state. He was 
a gallant soldier, who did not hesitate to show his patriotism by his 
works. He discharged every duty devolving upon him in peace and in 
war, as citizen, soldier, merchant and neighbor without hesitation and 
without stain or dishonor." 


JOSHUA HADLEY settled on the farm owned by the late Levi P. 
Hadley, on the mountain. It is probable that he bought it as wild land 
and made the first clearing there. The land has been in the possession 
of the Hadley family ever since. Joshua Hadley died March 8, 1802. 
Mary, his wife, died May n, 1802. Little can be learned about him, but 
in the town records of births the following appears : 

1. JUDAH (probably Judith), dau. of Joshua and Mary Had- 

ley, b. Dec. 4, 1762. 

2. JOSHUA, son of do. b. Aug. 22, 1764.+ 

3. ELIZABETH, dau. of do. b. March 22, 1766. 

4. CHASE, son of do. b. June 29, 1769.-!- 

5. HUMPHREY, son of do. b. Feb. 10, 1771. 

JOSHUA HADLEY, son of Joshua and Mary Hadley, born Aug. 22, 
1764; married Betsey (Williams) Giddings, b. 1768; died March 8, 1854. 
He died Dec. 19, 1847. Children, all born in Lyndeborough : 

1. NANCY, b. July 23, 1788. 

2. WILLIAM, b. April 19, 1790, d. May 5, 1790. 


3. FANNY, b. Oct. 30, 1791, d. March 15, 1792. 

4. MARK, -f- 

5. IRA, b. Sept. 21, 1795, d. Jan. n, 1849. 

6. CHARGES, b. Feb. 12, 1798, d. Sept. 22, 1825. 

7. ALLEN, b. April 2, 1800, d. Sept. 16, 1802. 

8. ALFRED, b. Sept. 19, 1802. Rem. to Jasper, N. Y. 

9. JENNISON, b. Oct. 15, 1805, d. Oct. 21, 1805. 

10. BENJAMIN F., b. July 23, 1807. 

11. ETHAN A., b. Nov. 13, 1809. 

MARK HADLEY, son of Joshua and Betsey (Giddings) Hadley, born 
April 19, 1793 ; married first, Elizabeth Herrick of Greenfield. She died 
Oct. 9, 1832. He died March 26, 1858; second, Abigail, daughter of 
Eben and Esther (Holt) Pearsons Nov. 10, 1844. She was born in Wil- 
ton, Aug. 16, 1800; died June 26, 1879. Children: 

1. WlLKES H., + 

2. ELIZABETH A., m. Eli Jeffs of Wilton. 

3. NANCY E-, m. Moses C. Burnham of Milford. 

WILKES H. HADLEY, born May 4, 1821 ; died Feb. 14, 1900 ; mar- 
ried Betsey F. Richardson of Wilton, April 15, 1847. She'was born Sept. 
13, 1823 ; died Oct. 29, 1899. Children : 

1. ELIZABETH B., b. May 29, 1848, m. Henry E. Martin of 

Greenfield, Sept. n, 1869. Child: Minnie E., b. Jan. 
23, 1871. 

2. RUTH A., b. Sept. 17, 1850, m. Joseph F. Avery of Temple, 

Dec. 25, 1871, d. March 17, 1883. 

3. JOHN F., -f 

4. MAY B., b. Aug 17, 1865. 

JOHN F. HADLEY, b. June 26, 1854; married Emogen Heald of 
Temple, N. H., May 18, 1876. Resides in Peterboro, N. H. Child : 
i. FRANK H., b. May 2, 1877. 

CHASE HADLEY, b. June 29, 1769 ; married Hannah Smith of Pep- 
perell, Mass., March 24, 1796. She was born March 22, 1772, and died 
Oct. 31, 1869. He died June 26, 1851. Children, all born in Lynde- 
borough : 

1. DANIEL, b. Jan. 7, 1797, d. March 29, 1798. 


3. HANNAH, b. Feb. n, 1801, d. July 26, 1820. 

4. SIDNEY, b. March 21, 1803. Rem. to New York. 

5. ISRAEL G., b. Jan. 27, 1805. Rem. to New York. 

6. WILLIAM, b. April 3, 1807. Rem. to the west. 

7. MARY C., b. Feb. 21, 1809. Rem. to New York. 

8. ALBA, b. Nov. 27, 1811. Rem. to New York. 


9. RICHARD C., b. April 3, 1816, d. March 31, 1817. 

FRANKLIN HADI/EY, born Dec. 15, 1798 ; married Mary Spaulding 
of Lyndeborough, Sept. 25, 1828. She was born Dec. 15, 1798, and died 
April 28, 1881. He died July 15, 1871. Children, all born in Lynde- 
borough : 

1. JOANN, b. June 20, 1831, m. Stephen D. Holt of Frances- 

town, Nov. 29, 1849. 

2. LEVI P., + 

LEVI P. HADLEY, son of Franklin and Mary (Spaulding) Hadley, 
was born April 10, 1837. He has held various town offices and in 1901 
was town treasurer. He owned the homestead farm on the mountain) 
but for a time resided at South Lyndeborough village, having bought the 
old Tarbell tavern stand. He married Minerva L. Stevens of Frances- 
town. She was born Feb. 14, 1845. He died Dec. 28, 1902. Children, 
all born in Lyndeborough : 

1. PRANK P., b. March. 20, 1868, d. Aug. 13, 1897. 

2. DANA P., b. July 5, 1869, m. Sarah E. Edwards of Temple, 

June 7, 1898. 

3. GEORGE W., Sept. 18, 1873, m. Minnie E. Stacy of L,ynde- 

borough, April 26, 1899. 

4. LEVI W., b. Dec. 28, 1874. 

5. ETHEL M., b. March n, 1879. 

6. WINFIELD S., b. Oct. 17, 1883. 


JOHN HAGGETT, born 1766. He was a blacksmith by trade and a 
farmer as well. He married Annis Searle and lived on the farm in John- 
son's Corner since known as the Haggett place, now owned by E. C. 
Curtis. She died March 15, 1855, aged eighty-seven years ; he died Jan. 
26, 1835, aged sixty-nine. Children : 

1. JOHN, b. Jan 26, 1790, d. Nov. 7, 1820, m. Dec. 4, 1817, 

Charlotte Merrill of Portland, Me. 

2. AMOS, b. Aug. 18, 1791. 

3. RACHEL, b. May 28, 1793, m. Simeon McGilvrey of Merri- 

mac June n, 1814. 

4. WILLIAM, b. March 7, 1796. 

5. JOSEPH, + 

6. SALLY, b. June 17, 1803. 

7. ELIZA, b. Sept. 25, 1805. 

8. ANNIS, b. Mar. 18, 1808. 

JOSEPH HAGGETT, son of John and Anuis (Searle) Haggett; born 
in Lyndeborough Dec. 19, 1800; married Oct. 4, 1824, Mrs. Charlotte 
(Merrill) Haggett, born Jan. 22, 1800 ; died April 19, 1884. She was of 


Portland, Me. He died Feb. 14, 1884. He lived most of his life in Lynde- 
borough, but the infirmities of age caused him to abandon the farm and 
seek a village life in Wilton, where he died. He was quiet and retiring 
in disposition and much respected by his fellow townsmen. Children : 

1. JOHN M., b. Sept. 30, 1827, m. Nov. n, 1851, Samantha A. 

Colby. She d. April 26, 1884. 

2. MARY ANN, b. July n, 1829, m. Nov. u, 1851, Dr. D. C. 

Hadley. He d. Feb. 1859. 

3. HARRIET, b. March 27, 1831, m. Oct. 3, 1856, George D. 

Ivivermore. He d. Oct., 1859 ; she d. Dec. 21, 1859. 

4. SARAH, b. Aug. 16, 1833, m. Nov. 28, 1850, Israel W. Cur- 

tis. (See Curtis gen.) 

5. JENNIE C., b. July 26, 1835, m. May, 1867, John Upton. He 

d. July, 1892; she d.' Dec., 1895. 

6. JULIETT, b. Nov. 30, 1840, m. July, 1867, George H. Jones. 


ELIPHALET J. HARDY, son of Isaac and Polly (Jennings) Hardy ; 
born in North Anson, Me., June 3, 1829; married April 3, 1860, Sabrina, 
daughter of Joseph and Elizabeth (Gould) Jennings of Farmington, Me. 
She was born March 17, 1832. He d. March 2, 1904. He came to Lynde- 
borough from Colorado in 1896, and bought the farm where Samuel N. 
Hartshorn lived. Children : 

1. HANNABAL, b. Dec. 26, 1860. 

2. OWEN K., + 

3. ELIZABETH B., b. July 13, 1866, m. Dec. 25, 1892, Elbert 

Barrow of London, Col. He was born Jan. 19, 1857. Chil- 
dren: Owen E., b. Sept. 18, 1893; Elberta, b. Sept. 9, 

4. ALBERT J., b. March 16, 1869, m. Feb., 5, 1894, Carrie M. 

Clarkston. Child: Homer C., b. June 8, 1901. 

REV. OWEN E. HARDY, son of Eliphalet and Sabrina (Jennings) 
Hardy ; born July 13, 1862 ; married June 28, 1894, Eva B., daughter of 
Walter and Azubah (Davis) Bates of Alexandria, S. D. She was born 
Sept. 24, 1868. (For biographical sketch see p. 305.) Child : 

i. AMY, b. at L,yndeborough, March 21, 1895. 


OLIVER HARRIS was born in Abington, Mass., Aug. 23, 1791 ; died 
Sept. 20, 1870 ; married Sally Savage of Francestown Feb. 3, 1835. She 
was born March 2, 1779 '> died Sept. 19, 1867. Lived on the Brown place, 
North Lyndeborough. Children : 

i. NATHAN S., + 


2. SARAH E., b. in Francestown, Aug. 3, 1840, m. Mark E. 
Morse. (See Morse gen.) 

NATHAN S. HARRIS was born in Francestown June 17, 1836; mar- 
ried Martha A. Trafton of Portsmouth, N. H., Aug. 9, 1856. She was 
born Jan. 8, 1836; died Oct. 24, 1857. He was a soldier in the Civil War 
and was drowned in the Mississippi River, Aug. 6, 1863. (See Chap. X.) 
Child : -f 

i. GEORGE T., b. in Rye, N. H., March n, 1857. 


JOHN HARTSHORN was one of the early settlers of Lyndeborough. 
He came from Reading, Mass., some time previous to 1785 ; the exact 
date is not known. He settled on the farm now owned by Everett E. 
I/owe in "Per ham Corner"; he married Sarah Bach elder, probably of 
Reading, Mass., April n, 1782. She was born June 22, 1763; died Jan. 
1843. He was born March 7, 1756, and died March 26, 1805. 

But little can be learned of the early life of Mr. Hartshorn. He and 
his wife probably suffered the privations of those early times, and like 
most of the sturdy pioneers was strong and energetic. It is related of 
his wife that during some absence of her husband the cow wandered 
away into the almost unbroken forest and she started off to find it. 
Hunting until after dark she became lost herself and, managing to climb 
a large boulder to be out of the way of the wolves, she prepared to spend 
the night there, when to her great joy she saw the light from the open 
fire in her home, the door having been left open. Children : 

1. JOHN, b. Feb. 14, 1784, in Reading, Mass., m. first, Susanna, 

dau. of Eli and Susanna (Wilkins) Curtis. She was b. in 
Reading, Mass.; m. second, Mehitable Carkin of I/ynde- 
borough. He appears to have removed from I,yndebor- 
ongh soon after his marriage, for the older children were 
b. in Hancock, Vt., whence he removed to Mont Vernon. 
Children: Curtis, Susan, Mary O., Serepta J., John H. 
Serepta J. was b. in I^yndeborough and m. Rodney K. 
Hutchinson of Milford. 

2. JONATHAN, m. Alice Odell of Mt. Vernon, rem. to Nashua. 

Children : Daniel, Eben, Jonathan, Abigail. 

3. SAMUEL, -f- 

4. SALLY, d. March 8, 1850. 

5. MICAH, -+- 

6. SEWELL, rem. to the West. 

7. DAVID, rem. to the West. 

8. PUTNAM, rem. to Wilton. 

9. ANN, m. William Holt. 

10. POLLY, b. 1795, m. Samuel Butterfield. 


DEA. SAMUEL HARTSHORN, son of John and Sarah (Bachelder) 
Hartshorn, born in Lyndeborough, Dec. 17, 1785; married Sally, daugh- 
ter of Nathaniel and Phebe (Dodge) Raymond of Haverhill, Mass., Nov. 
17, 1808. She was born Jan. 26, 1791 ; died Nov. 24, 1868. He died in 
Mason, N. H., Sept. 16, 1861. He inherited the homestead farm and 
lived there until about 1843, when he removed to Mason, N. H., where 
he died. Children : 

1. SAMUEL, b. Feb. 25, 1810, m. April 7, 1835, Lucinda, 

daughter of Ephraim and Mary (Blanchard) Woodward of 
L,yndeborough. I/ike his father he was a deacon in the 
church, and always identified with its interests. Soon after 
his marriage he had a store in Wilton for a short time. 
He afterward bought a farm in Mason, whither his father 
had gone, and removed there but died about a week after- 
ward. He died Nov. 18, 1846. She d. September, 1888. 
Children: Samuel G., res. in Milford, Persis. 

2. JOHN, -+ 

3. GEORGE, b. April 16, 1814, m. Mary A., dau. of Israel and 

Ruth (Sargent) Putnam, Aug. 23, 1838. She was born 
Oct. i, 1818, d. Jan. 22, 1882, in Milford. He removed to 
Mason soon after his marriage and thence to Milford, 
where he died January, 1880. Children : George R. and 
Dodge G., twins; William N., Mary A. 

4. MARY G., b. Jan. 6, 1816, d. in infancy. 

5. SARAH, b. April 25, 1818, m. William A. Chase of Groton, 

Mass., Oct. 8, 1846. Children: Mary, George, Fanny, 
John, Maria, Walter. 

6. HANNAH, b. June 26, 1822, m. first, George L,. Adams of 

Northwood, N. H., Sept. 7, 1848; second, Eben Tilton. 
She d. April 5, 1892. 

7. MARTHA J., (adopted), b. Aug. 26, 1833, m. Wm. R. Put- 

nam of Woburn, Mass., Dec. 7, 1851. (See Putnam gen.) 

DBA. JOHN HARTSHORN, son of Dea. Samuel and Phebe (Ray- 
mond) Hartshorn, born Dec. 31, 1811; died Feb. 10, 1878 ; married Susan- 
na B., daughter of Dea. David and Tryphena (Butler) Putnam, April 13, 
1837. She was born May 14, 1816, and died March i, 1903. Dea. John 
Hartshorn was a man of many sterling qualities. He was of a gener- 
tion most of whom have passed away, but those of his associates still 
living in town speak of him with respect. One of his daughters told the 
writer that when he died it was a common remark that " he had not an 
enemy in the world." Belonging to the minority political party in the 
section of the town where he lived he was always " true to his colors," 
and seldom failed to be present at town meeting and faithfully discharge 
his duties as a citizen. His interest in town affairs never failed. He was 
said to have been exceptionally genial and kind in his home life. He 


was a deacon in the Baptist church. Children, all born in Lynde- 
borough : 

1. JOHN ALONZO, b. July 14, 1840. Killed in the battle of 

Williamsburg, May 5, 1862. (See Chapter X.) 

2. CHARLES JASON, b. July 12, 1843, d. Sept. n, 1861. 

3. DAVID P., -f- 

4. SARAH T., b. Sept. 26, 1853, m. George W. Moulton of 

Old Orchard, Me., Oct. 2, 1869. He was born May, 1853. 

5. ELIZABETH M., b. July 27, 1863, m. Fred B. Richards. 

(See Richards gen.) 

DAVID P. HARTSHORN, son of John and Susanna (Putnam) Harts- 
horn, born June 30, 1851 ; married Mary Boutelle of Antrim, N. H., June 
8, 1878. She was born Oct. 4, 1854. Res. on the homestead farm at So. 
Lyndeborough. Children : 

1. JOHN W., b. Dec. 7, 1878, m. Feb. 4, 1904, Josephine E. 

Duncan of Antrim. 

2. CLARENCE, b. June 19, 1880. 

3. HAROLD F., b. Oct. 20, 1884. 

4. SUSIE E., b. April 4, 1888. 

5. lyOuisE, b. Feb. n, 1891. 

MICAH HARTSHORN, son of John and Sarah (Bachelder) Hartshorn, 
born July 16, 1793 ; died Sept. 26, 1880 ; married Hannah Fletcher. She 
died April 13, 1885. He lived where his son, S. Newell lived. Children, 
all born in I/yndeborough : 

1. ALMON, b. Nov. 24, 1819, d. Feb. 13, 1842. 

2. ALONZO, b. Jan. 22, 1821, d. April 27, 1838. 

3. FLORA A., b. March 16, 1825, m. Jacob Putnam of Wilton, 

Dec. 31, 1850. He d. Feb. 6, 1895. She d. Oct. 24, 1875. 
Children : Flora J., b. Feb. 4, 1854, m. Herbert Wilkin- 
son of Herefordshire, England. Hannah A., b. May 24, 
1857, m. Henry A. Proctor of Stoddard, N. H. 

4. ADONIRAM J., -f- 

5. SAMUEL N., -f- 

ADONIRAM J. HARTSHORN, son of Micah and Hannah (Fletcher) 
Hartshorn, born Nov. 10, 1827 ; married first, Eliza Farnsworth of Shir- 
ley, Mass., Sept. 21, 1854; second, Julia (Cragin) Draper of Wilton. 
Children : 

1. CHARLES J., b. in L,yndeborough, March 13, 1856. 

2. FRANK E., b. in Mont Vernon, Nov. 17, 1862. 

3. HARRY A., b. in West Groton, Mass., Aug. 16, 1866, m. 

Ella R. Parkhurst. Children: Infant dau. b. May 13, 
1888, Frank E-, b. July 23, 1890. 


4. FLORA J., b. in West Groton, Mass., Sept. 2, 1869. 

5. MAY B., b. in Shirley, Mass., Jan. 12, 1872. 

SAMUEL NEWELL HARTSHORN, son of Micah and Hannah 
(Fletcher) Hartshorn, born June 20, 1829; married Jane E., daughter of 
Samuel and Elvira (Grey) French of Wilton, Sept. 29, 1861. She was 
born Dec. 2, 1834. He died July 2, 1894. He was a mechanic and farmer 
and operated the sawmill on his place. He was a man of many virtues 
and highly esteemed by all who knew him. Children, all born in 
Lyndeborough : 

1. WILLIS N., b. March 31, 1864, m. first, M. A. Greene of 

Brooklyn, N. Y., Aug. 16, 1891. She was b. Jan. 20, 
1867, d. March 22, 1895, m. second, C. B. Purdy of Brook- 
lyn, N. Y., Dec. 25, 1897. She was b. April 24, 1867. 
He is a mechanical draftsman and res. in Brooklyn, N. Y. 

2. LEON E., b. Dec. 9, 1866, m. Hattie J. Kingsley of Duds- 

well, Province Quebec, March 23, 1892. She was b. May 
16, 1867. He d. June 4, 1898. 

3. MARION M., b. Sept. 21, 1872. Is a teacher of music and 

res. in Wilton. 

SUMNER S. HARTSHORN, son of George and Mary A. (Putnam) 
Hartshorn ; born in Mason, Sept. 13, 1848 ; married first, March 27, 1872, 
Anstress A., daughter of Joel H. and Eliza A. Gutterson of Milford. She 
was born June 2, 1851 ; died March 26, 1877. Married second, May 18, 
1878, Mary C., daughter of William N. and Mary L. (Smith) Patterson, 
born in Wentworth Nov. 23, 1856 ; died in Milford, Dec. 28, 1892. Mar- 
ried third, June 22, 1901, Mrs. Nellie R. Critchett of Boscawen. Resides 
in South Lyndeborough, and is a member of the board of education. 
Children, born in Milford, by second wife : 

1. SUMNER L/., b. May 19, 1887. 

2. BERTHA A., b. April 17, 1889. 

SEWELL G. HARTSHORN, born Oct. 19, 1799 ; died Sept. 18, 1874 . 
married March 25, 1827, Harriet Safford. She was born March 2, i8n ; 
died Aug. 19, 1891. Children: 

1. SARAH A., b. Aug. 14, 1829, d. April 29, 1894. 

2. GEORGE P., b. June 25, 1831, m. July 3, 1853, Sarah Jack- 

son of Bangor, Me. She was b. Oct. 8, 1837. Res. at 
Newark, O. 

3. DAVID, b. July 7, 1836, m. Aug. 19, 1862, Harriet Seiver. 

He d. July 14, 1889. 

4. MARY, b. March 24, 1846, m. Sept. 10, 1875, John J. Watts. 


ANDREW HARWOOD came to Lyndeborough from Mt. Vernon about 
1802 and settled on the farm in " Perham Corner" since known as the 


"Harwood" place, now owned by A. A. Melendy. He married in 1804, 
Rebecca, daughter of Jacob and Isabella (Hutchinson) Cram. She was 
born March 9, 1784; died Sept n, 1867. He died in 1860. Children, all 
born in Lyndeborough : 

1. ABIGAIL, b. June 20, 1805, m. John F. Holt of Lyndebor- 

ough. (See Holt gen.) 

2. ALICE, b. Jan. 10, 1810, m. Kendall Holt of Lyndeborough. 

(See Holt gen.) 

3. ANDREW, b. Feb. 8, 1814, m. Jane Lewis, Goshen, N. H. 


CHARLES G. HATCH, son of Lyman and Polly (Fay) Hatch; born 
in Hopkinton, Mass., Dec. 4, 1826; married Elizabeth, daughter of Asa 
and Elizabeth (Goodwin) Blanchard of Lyndeborough, Oct. 24, 1849. She 
was born Sept. 19, 1829. He removed to Mil ford in 1864, where he died. 
Children : 

1. MARY B., b. in Lyndeborough, Aug. 31, 1850, m. first, Oct. 

10, 1867, John F. Amsden of Milford ; m. second, Nov. 10, 
1891, Henry A. Sheriden of Milford. 

2. CHARLES A., b. in Milford, July 7, 1852, m. June 18, 1858, 

Annie G. Barrows of Newark, O. Is a physician and res. 
in Newark, Ohio. 

3. GEORGE W., b. in Lyndeborough, Sept. 3, 1855, m. Feb. 25, 

1880, Marcella Smith of Milford. Is a physician and res. 
in Wilton. 

4. FRED S., b. in Lyndeborough March 5, 1859, m. May 22, 

1883, Isabelle B. Hutchinson of Amherst. Is an attorney 
and res. in Larned, Kan. 

5. FRANK S., b. in Lyndeborough, Dec. 27, 1860, m. April 2, 

1888, Josephine Dustin of Townsend, Mass. 

6. ARTHUR C., b. in Milford, Sept. 27, 1863. 

7. LILLA BELLE, b. in Milford, Jan. 22, 1866, d. Nov. 22, 1889. 

8. BESSIE G., b. in Milford, Feb. 15, 1869. 

9. ERNEST G., b. in Milford, Jan. 27, 1872. 


DR. ISRAEL HERRICK. The name Herrick is of Norse origin and 
derived from the Danish Ehric or Eric. This family came to England 
about the time of Alfred, and figured conspicuously in the troublous 
times which ruled in those days in England. After seventeen different 
changes in spelling this name finally became Herrick. 

Henry Herrick, the Anglo-American ancestor of the Herricks of Lynde- 
borough, came to this country from Leicester, England, June 24, 1769, 
and settled at Cape Ann Side, now called Beverly. One of his descend- 
ants of the sixth generation, Edward Herrick, of Andover, Mass., settled 


in Wilton soon after the Revolutionary War. This Edward was born at 
Methuen, Mass., Oct. 9, 1754, and was by trade a cabinet maker. He 
built a cabinet shop and grist mill at Barnes' Falls and carried on busi- 
ness there until his death. He was a soldier in the Revolutionary War, 
and after his death his widow secured a pension. He married in Wilton 
Mary Holt, Nov. 18, 1779. She was born at Andover, Mass., Nov. 24, 
1755. He died Feb. 25, 1810, aged fifty-five years. She died Oct. 24, 
1844, aged eighty-nine years. They had nine children, of whom Israel, 
the subject of this sketch, was the seventh. He was born July 9, 1794. 
' His opportunity for education up to the time he was fifteen years of 
age was the "district school as it was," as he has said, and then owing 
to the long sickness and death of his father he was deprived of this privi- 
lege, small as it was, until he entered upon his nineteenth year. At that 
time he was given an invitation by an uncle who lived at Tarn worth to 
come and live with him, and in December, 1812, he started for his new 
home. He says of this change: "From uncle's family I received a 
hearty welcome, and they made known to me another welcome announce- 
ment, viz., that their district school would commence on the morrow, 
with the Rev. Father Hidden as teacher, and would keep three months, 
and that I was to go all the time, and my work would be to take care of 
the stable and saw the fire wood. But this I met with dread, for I was a 
great ignorant boy. Ah ! how I dreaded to enter that school. . . . But 
this teacher proved to be one of the best friends I ever had. I improved 
the term faithfully, so much so that Father Hidden interceded with my 
uncle to give me a public education, and to my joy it was announced to 
me that in September I should go, under the care of Father Hidden, to fit 
me for such an enterprise. I continued for almost two years, and had 
got almost prepared to enter college when he was suddenly taken down 
with neuralgia sciatica." 

This uncle expected young Israel to become a preacher of the Gospel, 
which he would by no means consent to do, as he says, " without becom- 
ing a consummate hypocrite," and the result of this sickness and differ- 
ence with his uncle was his returning to his home in Wilton. In 1815 he 
entered into a partnership with a relative in the West India goods trade 
in Salem, Mass., but the venture did not prove a success. In 1817 he 
commenced the study of medicine with Dr. John Wallace, continuing 
with him a little over two years, and finished his three full years with 
Dr. Asa Crosby of Gilmanton in September, 1820. From there he went 
to Hanover and attended his second course of lectures, receiving his de- 
gree of M.D. in December, 1820. 

In 1821 he came to Lyndeborough and opened an office in the middle 
of the town so called. It was evidently in what was the old "store 
house." Dr. Daniel Ward well was a practicing physician here then, and 
Dr. Herrick says, " Of course tny business was small." In October that 
same year he bought the real estate and* practice of Dr. Wardwell and 
soon had a good and increasing practice. Nov. 28, 1822, he married 
Eliza H. Burns, daughter of Samuel Burns of Milford, and located in a 
tenement owned by Col. Richardson in a house that was afterward re- 
moved to Wilton. The next summer he built the house where Herman 
A. Walker now lives, but did not move into it until the spring of 1824. 


In 1828 he sold this place, together with his practice, to Dr. Nathan 
Jones, a native of Lyndeborough, but then practicing in Temple, and 
removed to Milford, March 20, 1828. He remained there two years, and 
then removed to Mason Village, where two years was the length of his 
stay. From there he went to Deering and remained until 1834. Through 
the influence and solicitation of the Rev. Nathaniel Merrill he was in- 
duced to return to Lyndeborough in November, 1834, and opened an 
office in the house where Henry Clark afterward lived. This house was 
torn down in 1904. 

He says in his sketch of his life, "I might here close this meagre 
autobiography of my changeable life but there are a number of points or 
circumstances, independent of my migratory course, which I wish to 
notice, but in the meantime humbly acknowledge the hand of God in 
guiding me thus far. When darkness and doubt closed me in on every 
side and I saw no way for escape His kind and loving hand would, in a 
way I thought not of, lead me out where there was relief, light, joy and 
hope. Blessed be His name forever." The above quotation reveals the 
man he was. 

He purchased the place were his son, Benjamin G., now lives and 
passed the remainder of his days there. March 3, 1843, bis buildings 
were destroyed by fire, but were soon rebuilt. He was educated in the 
" old school" of practice of medicine, but adopted the Homeopathic or 
new school at a time when it required considerable courage to do so. 
He was the fourth physician in this state to adopt this method. It was 
receiving at that time great ridicule and opposition from the adherents of 
the old way. Dr. Herrick was eminently successful as a physician and 
had a large practice. His skilled services were in demand, not only 
in his own town, but in the neighboring towns as well. He was ever 
ready to attend a call day or night, and he knew to the full the hardships 
of a country doctor. Generous to a fault he seldom pressed a debtor 
for a bill. 

As a citizen he took great interest in the material affairs of the town 
and his ability and common sense made his opinions respected. He was 
three times elected to serve his town in the Legislature and also held the 
office of selectman and town clerk. He early became interested in the 
Anti-Slavery agitation, and cast the first abolition ballot ever offered in 
town. It was taken from the ballot box and passed around as a curiosity. 
For some reason it was not returned and was never counted. He was 
prominent in the crusade against rum and was a temperance speaker of 
some note, and a poet of no mean ability. He was one of those rare 
men whose presence in the sick room brings restfulness, courage and 
confidence to the patient. Of a stout habit with bushy eyebrows, sharp 
grey eyes but kindly withal, he was a man, once seen, to be remembered. 
Failing health compelled him to relinquish much of his practice during 
the last years of his life, but whenever possible he responded when his 
services were needed. 

Dr. Israel Herrick, son of Edward and Mary (Holt) Herrick, born 
July 9, 1794; died Feb. 18, 1866; married first, Eliza H., daughter of 
Samuel and Abigail (Jones) Burns of Milford, N. H., Nov. 28, 1822. 
She was born Nov. 24, 1802, and died April 20, 1848 ; married second, 


Emmeline, daughter of Joseph and Chloe (Abbott) Grey of Wilton, N. 
H., Dec. 12, 1849. She was born Oct. u, 1811 ; died June 3, 1891. Chil- 
dren, all born in Lyndeborough : 

1. ELIZA D., b. Sept. 20, 1823, d. Aug. 20, 1825. 

2. LAFAYETTE, -f- 

3. WILLIAM J., + 

4. EDWARD H., b. Oct. n, 1828, d. July 25, 1873. 

5. BENJAMIN G., -f- 

LAFAYETTE HERRICK, son of Israel and Eliza (Burns) Herrick, 
born Jan. 29, 1825 ; married first, Sarah E., daughter of Francis D. and 
Mehitable (Haynes) Johnson of Lyndeborough, Feb. 3, 1848. She was 
born Nov. 15, 1827; married second, Indianna E., daughter of Samuel 
and Mahali (Elliott) Wilson of Pepperell, Mass., Sept. 9, 1854. She 
was born April 19, 1838. He died May 30, 1888. Children, all by second 
wife : 

1. HENRY A., b. March 4, 1855, m. Mrs. Lizzie Wilson of 

Greenfield, Jan. 27, 1897. He d. June 17, 1901. 

2. CARRIE D., b. Nov. 8, 1858, d. Dec. i, 1872. 

3. ANNA E., b. Aug. 7, 1860, d. Dec. 16, 1868. 

4. IDA M., b. Jan. 4, 1866, d. Nov. 18, \\ 

WILLIAM J. HERRICK, son of Israel and Eliza (Burns) Herrick. 
born Jan. 15, 1827; married first, Chloe, daughter of Samuel and Olive 
(Clark) Jones of Lyndeborough, April 30, 1849. She was born Feb. 27, 
1831 ; died Nov. 21, 1876; married second, Mrs. Mary Jane McGaskey of 
Plymouth, Mo., Oct. 31, 1878. He died Jan. 5, 1893. He kept the store 
at the "centre " for some years. He had a partner at first and the firm 
was known as O'Donnell & Herrick, but he was afterwards sole proprie- 
tor. At that time, 1860 to 1865, considerable trading was done at the old 
store at the " centre " and Mr. Herrick did a thriving business. He was 
the postmaster and during the years of the Civil War but one daily 
paper was taken by any patron of that office, and the neighbors used to 
gather at the store when Dr. Jones brought the mail to get the news 
from the front. The railroad then only came as far as Wilton and all 
merchandise was brought from there by team. Soon after the close of 
the war, he was taken with the "western fever" and removed to Elk 
Grove, 111., where he remained until 1870 when he bought 80 acres of 
wild prairie land of the Hannibal and St. Joe railroad and made a new 
home in Missouri. He was a pioneer in the section where he settled) 
and became influential and prosperous. His decendants reside there now. 
Children by first wife, all born in Lyndeborough but two youngest : 

1. CHARLES I., b. Jan. n, 1850, m. Oct. 29, 1874, Frances E. 

Lyon. Children : Mina Belle, Chloe F. Res. in Ply- 
mouth, Mo., where he is a prosperous farmer and has held 
public office. 

2. EMMA E., b. Aug. i, 1854, m. Oct. 25, 1870, Horace Wright- 



man. Children : Florence E., Grace, Frederick, Samuel, 
Laura. Res. in Plymouth, Mo. 

3. FRANK H., b. Oct. 30, 1855, d. June 18, 1858. 

4. FRANK H., 2ND., b. Sept. i, 1859, d. March 21, 1861. 

5. SAMUEL J., b. May 2, 1862, m. Aug. 7, 1883, Emma E. 

Welker. Children: Myrta L., L/eah B. He is a phy- 
sician and res. in Everest, Kan. 

6. ALICE CLARK, b. in Missouri, Oct. 5, 1869. 

7. WILLIAM A., b. in Missouri, May 5, 1874, d. Oct. 6, 1878. 

BENJAMIN G. HERRICK, son of Israel and Eliza (Burns) Herrick ; 
born May i, 1836. He was educated in the common schools of Lynde- 
borough, and became a prominent figure in its social and political life. 
A lover of music, he was a long time member of the Congregational 
church choir, and was always ready to assist the "committee on music " 
at entertainments and celebrations held in town. He is a valued leader 
in the councils of the political party to which he belongs and unswerving 
in his allegiance to its principles. He early joined in the grange move- 
ment and was the master of the local branch of the order for several 
years, serving with faith and perseverance. He was nominated and 
elected county commissioner in the fall of 1888, having the honor of 
being the first Lyndeborough man to have a place on the county ticket. 
He was re-elected three times, serving in all, eight years. During two 
years of his term of office, and while chairman of the board, the county 
commissioners had the care and responsibility of the expenditure of nearly 
$400,000, taking into account expenses for the support of the county poor 
and the erecting of the new county buildings at Grasmere. It was during 
his term of office that the location of the county farm at Wilton was aban- 
doned and the commodious and convenient plant at Goffstown estab- 
lished. He was called upon to help decide many important road cases, 
and discharged his duties to the satisfaction and approval of his constitu- 
ents. He had entire charge of the county poor in the towns of the 
county. He was elected representative in 1900, and very naturally was 
made chairman of the committee on county affairs. He was a soldier in 
the Civil War. (See Chap. X.) He married Sarah E., daughter of 
Nathaniel R. and Rebecca (Palmer) Fish of Peterborough, N. H., Jan. 8, 
1861. She was born July 13, 1836. Child, born in Lyndeborough : 

i-. WILLIE, F. -f- 

WILLIE F. HERRICK, son of Benjamin and Sarah .E. (Fish) Her- 
rick; born Jan. 15, 1866; married Nellie, daughter of Antoine and Mary 
(Ross) Farnham of Lyndeborough, Jan. 28, 1891. She died May 5, 1897. 
He married second, Feb. 5, 1902, Lucy A., daughter of Francis J. and 
Catharine (O'Brien) Barrett of New Bedford, Mass., born Nov. i, 1875. 
Children by first wife : 

1. HARRY B., b. Oct. 16, 1891. 

2. ROY F., b. July 18, 1895. 

3. BESSIE E., b. April 5, 1897. 


Child by second wife : 

4. FRANCES BARRETT, b. June i, 1905. 

EDWARD HERRICK, a brother of Dr. Israel Herrick, once lived in 
Lyndeborough, on the farm where E. H. Putnam lives. He was the son 
of Edward and Mary (Holt) Herrick ; born Oct. 29, 1785 ; married first, 
Nancy Barrett of Wilton, Dec. 27, 1810. She died Nov. 27, 1824. He 
married second, Nov. 22, 1825, Mary Andrews. The records do not show 
whether their children were born in Lyndeborough or not. Children : 

1. EDWARD BARRETT, b. April n, 1812. 

2. MARY J., b. Sept. 17, 1814, m. Joel Hesselton. 

3. ELIZA A., b. June 2, 1816, m. Oscar Ingalls. 

4. CHARLES P., b. April 27, 1818. 

5. NANCY D., b. July 4, 1820, m. Silas B. Winn. 

6. ALONZO, b. Dec. 9, 1827. 

7. JOHN A. b. Nov. 3, 

8. HARRIET J., b. Dec. 26, 1831. 

9. ANDREW J., b. June 5, 1834. 

10. CLYMINIA F., b. April 5, 1838. 

11. JOHN A., b. Nov. 30, 1839. 


NATHAN HESSELTINE, JR.,was the son of Nathan Hesseltine, who 
settled in Wilton. The church records of Wilton show that the four 
older children were baptized in the church there, but the town records of 
Lyndeborough show that all the children of Nathan Hesseltine were born 
in Lyndeborough. He lived in a house that stood where the glass factory 
was built, and there is where his children were born. Nathan was a sol- 
dier in the Revolutionary War, according to the Wilton History. The 
name is spelled in different ways, and in Wilton it is usually written 
Hesselton. He married Phebe and we have no further record ex- 
cept the births of his children : 

1. PHEBE, b. April 30, 1776. 

2. JOHN, b. Jan. 24, 1779, m. April 17, 1808, Sally, dau. of 

John Baldwin. 

3. NATHAN, b. March 24, 1781, rem. to Weston, Vt., d. Jan. 4, 


4. SAMUEL, b. May 14, 1783. 

5. LOTS, b. Sept. 16, 1785. 

SKY. b. July 9, 1788. 

-KAH, b. Au.i*. 14, 1790, d. Feb. 14, 1795. 
. D . 1). Aug. 2, 1793. 

JuTHAM UlIvDRETH. Our record of the Hildreth family is imper- 


feet. From what few records we are able to obtain, it would seem that 
Jotham Hildreth came from Amherst in 1800 and settled on land in the 
southwestern part of the town. He married Abigail, daughter of Joshua 
and Abigail (Ladd) Sargent of Lyndeborough. She was born Feb. 22, 
1781 ; died Aug. 24, 1850. He died Dec. 8, 1850. He was evidently a man 
of considerable business ability and energy. He built and owned one or 
more sawmills in town. The farm where he settled has since been known 
as the Hildreth place, now owned by the heirs of Mr. Gould. Chil- 
dren : 

1. ABIGAIL, b. Jan. 15, 1806, m. first, Israel Putnam. (See 

Putnam gen.); m. second, Jacob Crosby. She d. July 8, 

2. JOTHAM, b. June 25, 1807, d. July 8, 1893. He was a man 

possessed of considerable means for a farmer of his day, and 
while of a quiet, retiring nature, he was still a well known 
citizen, and had in a large degree the respect of the com- 
munity. He was a devout member of the Congregational 
church and a constant attendant at church services until 
infirmity prevented. He gave the church a sum of money 
the income of which was to be used in its support, and he 
left a bequest to be administered by trustees, the income of 
which was to be devoted to helping the worthy poor. He 
met his death by accident, falling from the railroad track at 
or near the so-called gulf bridge. 

3. JACOB, b. Dec. 31, 1809, m. June 14, 1842, Sarah, dau. of 

Israel and Abigail (L/ewis) Goodrich of L/yndeborough. 
She was b. June 24, 1821 ; d. July 5, 1844. He d. May 17, 

4. MARY A., b. June 12, 1817, d. Sept. 3, 1836. 

5. JULIA A., b. March 26, 1821, d. Sept. 10, 1875. 

ABEL HILL, son of Alpheus Hill of Billerica, Mass., born Aug. 22, 
1787; married Jan. 22, 1814, Polly, daughter of John and Ruth (South- 
wick) Proctor. She was born in Danvers, Mass., April 2, 1791; died 
Nov. 7, 1857. He died in Henniker, March 12, 1828. He was the first of 
this family to come to Lyndeborough. He settled on a farm situated on 
the old road from the Nathan Richardson place to North Lyndeborough. 
Daniel B. Whittemore owns the pasture where the old cellar hole is. 
Asa was born there. After Abel Hill's death in Henniker his wife and 
children came back to Lyndeborough, and lived in a house on the side of 
the mountain south of M. T. Spalding's place. Nothing but a cellar 
hole there now. Children : 

1. ASA, -4- 

2. SYLVESTER, b. Aug. 16, 1819; d. Feb. 21, 1821. 


3. MARY P., b. Jan. 15, 1822, m. John Carleton of Lyndebor- 

ough. (See Carleton gen.) 

4. SYLVESTER, 2ND., b. Sept. 23, 1823, d. Sept. 16, 1853. 

5. MARTHA, b. Jan. 4, 1826, d. Feb. 7, 1860. 

Of these children, Asa was b. in I/yndeborough, the others 
in Henniker. 

ASA HILL, son of Abel and Polly (Proctor) Hill, born in Lyndebor- 
ough, May 3, 1816 ; married April 24, 1847, Julia Augusta Burgess of 
Maine. She was born June 10, 1824 ; died Dec. 8, 1900. He died Oct. 20, 
1891. He was a deacon in the Congregational Church for many years. 
He always took great interest in the events of the town but never held 
public office of any importance. He was a long time member of the 
Lafayette Artillery Company. Children : 

1. FRED M., b. May 5, 1853, m. Feb. 8, 1877, Ella L., dau. 

of William A. and Mary (Hardy) Colburn. She was b. 
in Hollis, Nov. 12, 1852. They have three children : 
Frank A., b. June 13, 1878; Charles A., b. Sept. 10, 1879; 
Mary E., b. July 7, 1881, d. Feb. 28, 1891. 

2. IRA B., b. May 3, 1861, m. January, 1884, Emma F., dau. of 

William A. and Mary (Hardy) Colburn. She was b. in 
Hollis, June 16, 1863. Children : Gladys A., b. July 21, 


AARON HOLDEN, born in Mason ; married Sept. 5, 1843, Julia A. 
Morse of Francestown. She was born Sept. 5, 1820. He died Oct. 4, 
1886. Children : 


2. AARON A. 

3. HENRY E., + 

4. FLORENCE D., b. Oct. 16, 1854, m. Charles H. Pond. 

Children : Edward, Delia F. 

5. AARON A., b. Jan. 28, 1858. 

HENRY E. HOLDEN, son of Aaron and Julia (Morse) Holden, born 
Oct. 18, 1850; married Lizzie J. Peabody. She was born April 14, 1857. 
Children : 

1. PERLEY E., + 

2. ADA B., b. July 20, 1876. 

3. FLORENCE D., b. April 10, 1879. 

4. BELLA F., b. Feb. 4, 1883. 

PERLEY E. HOLDEN, son of Henry E. and Lizzie J. (Peabody) 
Holden, born April 3, 1875; married June 25, 1897, Myrtie C., daughter 
of John H. and Clintina (Carkin) Burton. Children : 


1. VIOLA, b. May 25, 1899. 

2. MARGIE C., b. Oct. 12, 1902. 


The name Holt is of ancient origin and is applied to a number of 
towns and parishes in England. According to some writers on English 
genealogy there would appear to have been two prominent families of 
this name, known as the Aston family of Norwickshire and the Grizzle- 
hurst family of Lancaster. Sir John Holt, Lord Chief Justice of the 
King's Bench, was a descendant of the last-named family, and was a 
very famous man in his day. He was noted for his extensive knowledge 
of the common law of England and his uprightness upon the bench. 
Nicholas Holt, the immigrant ancestor of the Holts of New England, 
was a lineal descendant of Sir John. The time and place of the birth of 
Nicholas is unknown. The first definite information we have of him is 
as a passenger on the Ship James of London, William Cooper, master, 
which sailed from the port of Southampton, Eng., April, 1635, and of 
his arrival on these shores the third of June following. He was un- 
doubtedly accompanied by his wife and at least one child. He settled in 
Newbury, Mass., and lived there nine years. In 1644 he removed with 
his family to Andover, Mass., and was the seventh settler of that town. 
He was three times married. The Christian name of his first wife was 
Elizabeth ; his second wife was Hannah Rolfe, and his third, Mrs. 
Martha Preston. He died in Andover, Mass., Jan. 30, 1685. William 
Holt, the first of this family to come to Lyndeborough, was of the fourth 
generation from Nicholas of Andover as follows : Nicholas, Henry, 
Oliver, William. 

The exact date of his coming to Lyndeborough is not known but it 
was some time previous to 1760, for the town records contain the follow- 
ing date of birth : " William, son of William Holt and Bulah, his wife, 
born March 23, 1760." It is a tradition that William Holt came to 
Salem-Canada with David Stratton and as Stratton took a deed of some 
land in 1745, that is probably the year. After spending one winter with 
Stratton hunting and trapping he bought the lot numbered 76 or what 
was afterwards the Dr. Herrick farm, taking a deed, Aug. 9, 1753. Later 
he bought Stratton' s farm, and removed there. This farm is the one 
now owned by his descendant, Andy Holt. He had three sons born in 
Lyndeborough, William, Oliver and Benjamin, and daughters also, but 
of them we find no record excepting that of Mary and Judith. William 
settled in Greenfield and was the ancestor of the Holts of that town. 
Oliver remained on the ancestral acres, and of Benjamin there is no 
further record. Transcript from Town Records : 

"William, son of William Holt, Jr., and Betty, his wife, b. Jan. 23, 
1791 ; d. Feb. 6, 1791, Levi Spaulding, son of do. b. Nov. 28, 1784. 

Bulah, dau. of do. b. Jan. 13, 1787. 

Oliver, son of do. b. May 16, 1789. 

Betty, dau. of do. b. Jan. 23, 1791. Twin with William." 

OLIVER HOLT, son of William and Bulah Holt, married Jane Karr, 
a daughter of James Karr, who settled in Lyndeborough in the early 


days. He was a soldier in the Revolutionary Army, and died Feb. 27, 
1854, aged 93. She died September, 1844. 'Of the children of Oliver and 
Jane (Karr) Holt only David and Thomas remained residents of Lyndebor- 
ough. Oliver removed to Goshen, N. H.; Parker removed to Leroy, O.; 
Calvin to Newport, N. H., and later in 1851, during the gold excitement, 
crossed the plains with a team, taking three months to make the jour- 
ney. He died in Kentucky. Thomas K. married and had children born 
in Lyndeborough, but of them we have no record. Children, all born in 
Lyndeborough : 

1. JACOB, b. Aug. 27, 1790, d. Sept. 27, 1790. 

2. THOMAS K., b. Jan. 10, 1792, m. Sally Messer. He d. 

Nov. 12, 1836. 

3. JANE, b. April 28, 1794, m. Arronet Gunnison of Goshen. 

4. OLIVER, + 

5. JOANNA, b. Dec. 16, 1798, m. May 6, 1818, John Lewis. 

She died Dec. 6, 1888. 

6. PARKER, b. Nov. 6, 1801, d. Aug. 21, 1802. 

7. DAVID, -f- 


OLIVER HOLT, son of Oliver and Jane (Karr) Holt; born Oct. 30, 
1796; married Harriet Willey, daughter of Reuben Willey of Goshen. 
She was born Aug. i, 1799; died Dec. 22, 1877. He died Dec. 15, 1876. 
Children : 

1. SARAH, b. April 20, 1821, m. John Graves of Dempster, d. 

Nov. 8, 1850. 

2. HARRIET, b. Sept. n, 1825, d. March 15, 1900. 

3. L/UTHERA M., b. Jan. 16, 1828, m. Charles E. Cook of Al- 

stead, d. June 4, 1860. 

4. OUVER, b. Aug. 30, 1830, m. first, Nov. 25, 1852, Mary 

Miles of Stow, Mass. She d. May 20, 1870, and he m. 
second, June 31, 1871, I^ouisa Bigelow of N. Y. She d. 
Feb. n, 1899. 

5. WILSON D., b. June 26, 1833, d. Dec. 22, 1877. 
This family lived in Goshen or Alstead. 

DAVID HOLT, son of Oliver and Jane (Karr) Holt ; born June 9, 1804 ; 
married first, Jan. 20, 1829, Bethiah Wilson of Greenfield. She was born 
in 1807 and died Jan. 5, 1837, aged 30 years; married second, Ann Coch- 
ran of Antrim, June 18, 1837. She was born March 2, 1802 ; died April 
13, 1870; married third, Mrs. Julia Clark. 

David Holt was a notable man in the life of the town in his day. He 
had a keen wit and a dry humor which made his sayings much quoted. 
He was a member of the Congregational church and a pretty constant at- 
tendant thereof. He was public spirited, and of the duties which fall to 
the citizens of country towns always bore his full share. He died Oct. 
22, 1884. Children by first wife : 



1. BENJAMIN W., b. Mar. 16, 1830, d. Mar. 18, 1832. 

2. MARY J., b. Jan. 20, 1833, m. Isaiah Barzillai Curtis. (See 

Curtis gen.) 

3. Miriam M., b. March 2, 1834, m - Clark Jones. (See Jones 

By second wife : 

4. ALFRED F., -J- 

5. FRANCES A., b. Feb. 16, 1840, m. Kilburn S. Curtis. (See 

Curtis gen.) 

6. ANDY, -\- 

7. E^LEN B., b. Dec. 10, 1844, m - April 18, 1882, Fred E. 

Hardy of Francestown, res. in California. Child : Ethel J., 
b. July i, 1883, d. Nov. 20, 1883. 

GEN. ALFRED F. HOLT, son of David and Ann (Cochran) Holt; 
born Dec. 16, 1838; married in 1868, Lizzie B. Gardner of Cambridge, 
Mass. Until the age of nineteen years his life was the common lot of 
farmers' boys of that time. He worked on the farm summers, attended 
the district school winters, and had the advantage of a few terms at the 
Academy at Mont Vernon. At about the age of nineteen he commenced 
the study of medicine under the supervision of Dr. William A. Jones, 
spending a year with him. The next two years he studied with Dr. 
Woodbury of East Boston, and attending courses of medical lectures at 
Harvard University in the winters of 1858, 1859, an< i 1860. In the spring 
of 1860, he attended a course of medical lectures at the University of 
Vermont, where he received his degree of M.D. in June of that year. 

In August, 1860, he removed to Cambridge, Mass., and commenced 
the practice of medicine. But the breaking out of the Civil War 
changed the life of this young man as it changed the lives of so many 
others. Imbued with a spirit of patriotism and a love for the Union, he 
enlisted April 16, 1861, in the first company raised in the northern states 
to defend the Union and the flag. This company was attached to the 
Third Regt. Mass. Vol. Militia, and on the evening of April 17, 1861, 
sailed for Fortress Munroe. During the voyage he was made hospital 
steward of the regiment, which position he held during his three months 
of service. His regiment assisted at the burning of the navy yard near 
Norfolk, Va., April 22, 1861, and was afterward stationed at Fortress 
Munroe and Hampton, Va. When the term of enlistment expired, Dr. 
Holt at once sought a position in the medical corps of the army. He 
was successful and was made assistant surgeon of the Thirtieth Massa- 
chusetts, a regiment organized for duty under Gen. Butler in the ex. 
treme south. Jan. 2, 1862, this regiment embarked on the Steamer 
Constitution, and a few days after sailed for Ship Island, that death 
spot for so many northern boys. During the bombardment of Forts 
Jackson and St. Phillip this regiment was on shipboard a few miles be. 
low on the river, and after the surrender of the forts was first to enter 
New Orleans. He saw service in front of Vicksburg, Miss., and later at 
Baton Rouge and Carrolton. At the Battle of Baton Rouge he was 


especially mentioned in general orders for bravery and humanity in giv- 
ing aid to the wounded as they fell. In December, 1862, he was pro- 
moted to surgeon of the First Texas Cavalry, a regiment made up largely 
of men who were obliged to leave their homes on account of their Union 
sentiments. It can readily be seen that to win promotion in a regiment 
of men embittered by loss of home, and imbued with a strong desire to 
avenge themselves on their foes required courage and ability of high 

Dr. Holt held up the banner of New England grit evidently, for in 
December, 1863, he left the medical department and was made senior 
major of the regiment, and a few months after was promoted to lieuten- 
ant colonel, which position he held until the final muster out, October, 
1865, at San. Antonio, Texas, commanding his regiment almost contin- 
uously from the time he was made field officer. During this time he 
took part in nearly all the campaigns, battles and skirmishes that oc- 
curred in the Department of the Gulf. In 1866 he returned to Cam- 
bridge and again commenced the practice of his profession. He became 
a member of the American Medical Association, of the Massachusetts 
Medical Society, of the Cambridge Medical Improvement Society and of 
the American Association for the Advancement of Science. He stood 
high in his profession, was noted as a microscopist and was an author- 
ity in the study of morbid anatomy. 

In June, 1879, Dr. Holt was appointed one of the medical examiners 
for Massachusetts, and in January, 1884, was made surgeon-general of 
the State with the rank of brigadier-general, which position he held 
until his death. He was a member of the Grand Army and also of the 
Loyal Legion. He died at Martin, Florida, where he had gone for his 
health, Dec. 28, 1890. The resolutions passed by the various societies to 
which he belonged, and the letters of condolence by the governor and 
fellow members of the staff show the esteem in which he was held. He 
won fame and honor in the state of his adoption, but to his greater credit 
he never lost his love for his native town and the old homestead farm 
where he spent his boyhood days. In the last years of his life, as 
much time as could be spared from his duties at Cambridge was spent on 
the old farm in Lyndeborough. Gov. Brackett of Massachusetts says of 
him, " His straight-forward manliness, his unswerving integrity, his 
kindness of heart endeared him to me and now that he has gone from 
among us they have left a fragrant memory." 

The Massachusetts Medico Legal Society, of which he was president, 
in resolutions on his death say, that " for his services to humanity and 
to the medical profession for his researches, his study and his skill in 
his chosen field of pathology, for his zeal and ability as a surgeon and 
physician. . . . We deplore his loss." 

ANDY HOLT, son of David and Ann (Cochran) Holt; born Feb. i, 
1842 ; married May 4, 1864, Abby J., daughter of Harvey and Lois (Cram) 
Holt. She was born Feb. 20, 1846. He has been largely identified with 
the business and social interests of the town. Elected a member of the 
board of selectmen first in 1870, he has held that office fourteen times 
since. He represented the town in the legislature of 1903, and has at one 
time or another been chosen to fill about all the offices in the gift of the 



town. He was a charter member of and the first master of Pinnacle 
Grange and captain of the Lafayette Artillery Co. for several years. He 
has always taken great interest in military affairs, and is an active mem- 
ber of the above named organization. In social affairs, in committees in 
educational interests, he has always been a prominent figure. He is the 
conceded leader of his political party in town, and of late years has de- 
voted much time to state politics and to Grand Army affairs. He was a 
soldier in the Civil War, and is a man to whom the Grand Army organiza- 
tion appeals strongly. He lives at South Lyndeborough. (For his mili- 
tary record see Chap. X.) Children, all born in Lyndeborough : 

1. FI.ORA M., b. Aug. 21, 1867, m. June 2, 1887, Edwin W. H. 

Farnum of Francestown. 

2. PARKER, b. April 3, 1870, d. Aug. 9, 1876. 

3. FRED A., b. Nov. 30, 1881, m. Feb. u, 1903, Annie M., 

dau. of Charles H. and Susie (Watkins) Senter of Lynde- 

4. HARRY W., b. April n, 1883. 


HARVEY HOLT, born May 5, 1808; married Lois, daughter of 
Gideon and Amy (Putnam) Cram. She was born March 20, 1813 ; died 
Sept. n, 1893. He died Nov. 14, 1865. Children: 

1. LOIS, b. March 16, 1836, m. William N. Ryerson of Lynde- 

borough. (See Ryerson gen.) 

2. AMY, b. April 21, 1838, m. Edward H. Spauldingof Nashua, 

N. H., Aug. i, 1860. d. Dec. 2, 1860. 

3. HARVEY, b. Sept. 20, 1840. Killed at the Battle of Bull 

Run. (See Chap. X.) 

4. JASON, 4- 

5. ABBY JANE, b. Feb. 21, 1846, m. Andy Holt. (See Holt 


6. EMERY, -(- 

7. GEORGIANNA, b. March 17, 1851, m. Harlan P. Bradford of 

Lyndeborough. (See Bradford gen.) 

8. EUGENE, b. Sept. 30, 1855, m. Lizzie, dau. of J. King of 

New Boston, N. H., May n, 1875. Res. in Hudson, N. H. 

JASON HOLT, son of Harvey and Lois (Cram) Holt, born April 3, 
1843 ; married Rosie, daughter of Richard and Sarah (Stevens) Young. 
She was born July 20, 1848 ; died March 10, 1868. He has served on the 
board of selectmen a number of years. Was a soldier in the Civil War. 
(See Chap. X.) Child: 

i. RosiE E., b. March 9, 1868, m. John M. Curtis, son of 
Kilburn S. and Frances (Holt) Curtis of Lyndeborough, 
Sept. n, 1894. 


EMERY HOLT, son of Harvey and Lois (Cram) Holt, born May 27, 
1848 ; married Ella T., daughter of Adoniram and Maria (Lakin) Rus- 
sell of Lyndeborough, April 5, 1870. She was born May 7, 1852. Chil- 
dren, all born in Lyndeborough : 

1. ADRIA A., b. Jan. 8, 1873, m. William C. Wilder. (See 

Wilder gen.) 

2. BERTHA E., b. April 20, 1874, d. Nov. 8, 1892. 

3. HARVEY E., b. July 3, 1876, m. Margaret Polk of L,ynde- 

borough, Jan. i, 1902. Child: Herbert H., b. Nov. 22, 

4. ELMA Iy., b. July 18, 1877. 

5. IDA I,., b. May 26, 1881, m. Albert C. Mason. (See Mason 
. gen.) 

6. FOREST A., b. July 13, 1882. 

7. CHARLOTTE M., b. July 6, 1883, d. Feb. 2, 1884. 

8. ANNIE T., b. Aug. 12, 1885. 

9. RUTH C., b. May 21, 1887. 

10. JASON R., b. May 19, 1891. 


CHARLES HENRY HOLT, son of Abiel and Olivia (Proctor) Holt; 
born Jan. 14, 1828, at Milford ; married first, July 2, 1852, Mary A., 
daughter of Jonas and Mary (Hall) Wheeler of Lyndeborough. She was 
born March 4, 1833 ; died Sept. 13, 1854. He married second, May 22, 
1857, Harriet E., daughter of John and Jemima (Hopkins) Lowe of 
Dedham, Mass. She was born Aug. 20, 1827 ; died Sept. 6, 1880. He 
came to Lyndeborough when a young man and worked for his brother 
Lorenzo at carriage painting. He went to California during the gold ex- 
citement, in 1848, going "round the Horn" in a whaling ship, and re- 
turning "in 1850 by way of the Isthmus of Panama. While there he 
helped build the first framed houses in San Francisco. He was a car- 
penter by trade, and owned a saw mill at South Lyndeborough. He was 
a selectman four years, and at the time of his death had been postmaster 
at South Lyndeborough twenty-five years. He was always interested in 
military matters and was a member of the Lafayette Artillery Co., thirty- 
seven years, serving as lieutenant eleven years, and captain thirteen 
years. He was major in the N. H. Militia four years. (See Chap. VIII.) 
He died Jan. 31, 1897 at South Lyndeborough. Child by first wife : 

1. JENNETTE A., b. Dec. 19, 1853, m. Sept. 28, 1879, Tarrant 

M. Beale of Boston, Mass. 
Child by second wife : 

2. EFFIE A., b. Nov. 23, 1868, m. Oct. 2, 1890, Starr B. Cen- 

ter of Wilton. Children: Carroll H., Lesley N. 

JOHN FLETCHER HOLT, son of Benjamin Holt; born Nov. 12, 


1807 ; married Nov. 27, 1834, Abigail, daughter of Andrew and Rebecca 
(Cram) Harwood of Lyndeborough. She was b. June 20, 1805 ; died Nov. 
24, 1869. He died April 17, 1883. He was one of the board of selectmen 
for several years and held other town office. He owned and lived on the 
farm where Emery Holt now lives. Children, all born in Lyndebor- 
ough : 

1. BENJAMIN F., -f- 

2. REBECCA, b. Dec. 25, 1839, d. Jan. 4, 1840. 

3. JOHN F., b. April 17, 1842, d. May 10, 1842. 

BENJAMIN F. HOLT, son of John F. and Rebecca (Harwood) Holt; 
born Nov. 7, 1837; married Sept. 18, 1862, M. Gertrude, daughter of 
Luke A. and Mary (Holt) Lucas. She was born Feb. 5, 1842. He died 
May 12, 1889. Child : 



ISRAEL PORTER HOLT, born Jan; 27, 1821 ; married Phebe E. 

She was born Nov. 18, 1814 ; died April 22, 1880. He died Oct. 29, 1883. 
Israel Porter Holt, Persons S. Holt, Charles H. Holt and David Kendall 
Holt were brothers. Children : 

1. MARTHA J., b. April 16, 1849, m. June 6, 1878, Francis A. 

Osborn of Cambridgeport, Mass. 

2. ISRAEL H., b. June 15, 1850, m. March 31, 1874, Eva L/. 

Freeman of Wilton. 

3. EMER F., b. Oct. 23, 1851, d. Nov. 25, 1851. 

4. GEORGIANNA F., b. Jan. 13, 1853, m. Sept. 25, 1873, Charles 

P. Wheeler of Amherst. 

5. ELLA M., b. Oct. 21, 1854. 

PERSONS S. HOLT. No record was returned of the dates of the 
births and deaths of Mr. and Mrs. Persons S. Holt, except the date of 
Mrs. Holt's death, Sept. 18, 1869. Children : 

1. MARY A., b. Aug. 15, 1844, m. Owen Varley of Wilton, d. 

Sept. 7, 1869. 

2. CATHERINE B., b. Aug. 13, 1847, m. Lawrence Dillon of 

L/awrence, Mass. 

3. HATTIE S., b. Feb. 19, 1851, d. July 31, 1868. 

4. SARAH F., b. Oct. n, 1852, m. Henry J. Pickett of Water- 

bury, d. May 13, 1888. 

5. SUMNER A., b. May 19, 1861, m. Nov. 9, 1882, Ella J. 

Chapman of Waterbury. 

CHARLES H. HOLT, born in Watertown, Mass.; married first, Oct. 
ii, 1836, Anna, daughter of Oliver and Anna (Pierce) Perham. She was 
born May 20, 1812 ; died Jan. 3, 1873. He married second, Hannah J., 
daughter of Brackley and Sarah (Butterfield) Rose. She was born May 


31, 1827. He died Jan. 27, 1888. He was a farmer and nursery man, and 
owned a large farm in Perham Corner, now occupied by his son William 
P. He was selectman for many years and was influential in town affairs. 
Child by first wife : 

I. WILLIAM P., ~h 

WILLIAM P. HOLT, son of Charles H. and Anna (Perham) Holt; 
born Oct. 7, 1840; married Sept. 19, 1881, Mary E. Woodbury of New 
Boston. She was born April 14, 1844. Children : 

1. AUSTIN, b. May 3, 1886. 

2. OLIVER, b. Aug. 14, 1887. 


ELI HOLT and Personela, his wife, lived for a time on the Lucas 
place. It is presumed they came to Lyndeborough from Temple, as the 
two older children are recorded as born there. Children, all but two 
born at Lyndeborough : 

1. MARY, b. at Temple May 20, 1814. 

2. HARRIET A., b. at Temple Oct. 20, 1815. 

3. ADALINE M., b. April 12, 1817. 

4. PAMELIA, b. Feb. 18, 1819. 

5. SARAH J., b. Feb. 14, 1821. 

6. HANNAH, b. June 3, 1822. 

7. CLARISSA, b. Feb. 19, 1824, d. March 8, 1824. 

8. GEORGE, b. Sept. 12, 1825. 

9. PHEBE L,., b. Oct. 20, 1827. 

10. HARRIET O., b. Aug. 16, 1829. 

11. JOANNA, b. Aug. 23, 1831. 

12. ANSTIS, b. Dec. 9, 1833. 


STEPHEN DEXTER HOLT, son of Stephen C. and Mary (Cragin) 
Holt; born at Andover, Mass., July 22, 1822; married Nov. 29, 1849, 
Joanna, daughter of Franklin and Mary (Spaulding) Hadley. She was 
born June 20, 1831. He died April 25, 1876. He lived at one time on the 
Harwood place, and earlier on the French place, north of Badger Pond. 
He came to Lyndeborough from Francestown in 1859. He was a soldier 
in the Civil War. (See Chap. X.) His widow resides in Mont Vernon. 
Children : 

1. CHARLES D., b. in Francestown, Jan. 25, 1851, d. in Mont 

Vernon, Oct. 4, 1881. 

2. FRANCES A., b. March 17, 1854. 

3. and 4. AUGUSTUS and AUGUSTINE (twins), b. Aug. 14, 1856. 

Both d. Nov. 28, 1856. 


5. GEORGE F., b. in L/yndeborough, Aug. 6, 1859, res. in Mont 


The Houstons were a prominent and influential family in the early 
history of the town. But few records can be obtained and the family is 
extinct in Lyndeborough. Samuel Houston was evidently the first of 
the name to come to Lyndeborough. He settled in the northwest part 
of the town. The site is now marked by an ancient growth of Lombardy 
poplars. He was born Feb. 29, 1745, and died May 23, 1824. The family 
were earnest supporters of the Congregational Church, and both Samuel 
and his son John were deacons. He was selectman one or more terms. 
About the year 1840, the whole family removed to Denmark, Iowa, 
where their descendants now reside. In the town records is the record 
of the birth of Samuel, son of Dea. Samuel and Rachel Houston. It 
would seem that he was married twice and perhaps three times, for after 
the death of Rachel Houston the rest of the children are recorded as 
sons and daughters of Samuel Houston and Mary, his wife. Rachel 
Houston died Nov. 19, 1775. There is a record of the marriage of 
Samuel Houston and Hannah Woodward of Francestown, April i, 1817. 
She was probably a daughter of Ephraim Woodward of Lyndeborough. 
Children of Dea. Samuel Houston and Rachel, his wife : 

1. SAMUEL, b. May 28, 1771. 

2. JOSEPH, b. Oct. ii, 1775. 

Children of Dea. Samuel Houston and Mary, his wife : 

3. CALEB, + 

4. RACHEL, b. Oct. 22, 1779, m. Eleazer Woodward. (See 

Woodward gen.) 

5. SARAH, b. Sept. n, 1781, d. July 10, 1785. 

6. L/EVI, b. July 9, 1783, d. June 29, 1785. 

7. IRA, + 

8. JOHN, + 

CALEB HOUSTON, son of Samuel and Mary Houston, born Jan. 24, 

1778 ; married Nancy . She died Aug. 7, 1807. Children recorded 

as born in Lyndeborough : 

1. NANCY H., b. Nov. 3, 1804. 

2. RODNEY, b. Dec. 29, 1805. 

3. GEORGE L., b. Aug. 3, 1807. 

IRA HOUSTON, son of Dea. Samuel and Mary Houston, born June 9, 
1785; married Elizabeth, daughter of Joseph and Elizabeth (Rand) 
Epps. She was born April 3, 1791 ; died May 9, 1873. He died Feb. 6, 
1872. Children recorded as born in Lyndeborough : 

1. ELIZABETH, b. Sept. 21, 1811, m. Jason Wilson. She d. 

Aug. n, 1 88 1. 

2. MARY, b. July 21, 1813, d. May 30, 1816. 


3. SAMUEL, b. Nov. n, 1815, m. June, 1848, Catharine Hornby. 

4. MARY, b. March 5, 1818, m. Nov. 3, 1842, Francis Blake. 

5. HANNAH, b. March 28, 1820, m. Sept. 9, 1840, Wm. Davis. 

She d. Oct. 9, 1840. 

6. RACHEL, b. July 27, 1822. m. June, 1847, James Hornby. 

7. JOSEPH, b. Nov. 26, 1824, d. Sept. u, 1826. 

8. IRA, b. May n, 1826, m. October, 1856, Olivia P. Porter. 

He d. May 17, 1889. 

9. ANN, b. June 15, 1828, m. November, 1849, Gustavus B. 

Bracket. Shed. March 17, 1886. 

10. RWOENA, b. Nov. ii, 1831, m. May, 1858, Ebenezer T. 

11. OLIVE, (Twin), b. April 6, 1834, d. Oct. 6, 1834. 

12. SARAH, (Twin), b. April 6, 1834, d. Sept. 17, 1834. 

DBA. JOHN HOUSTON, son of Samuel and Mary Houston, b. June 
5, 1787; married Zervia Field of Amherst. She was born Nov. i, 1784. 
He died Feb. 26, 1856. Children : 

1. ALBERT F., b. Jan, 15, 1812, d. Sept. 25, 1835. 

2. LAURA, b. Aug. 12, 1813, m. William Davis. She d. Oct. 

13, 1887. 

3. ABIGAIL, b. April 2, 1815, d. Jan. 31, 1879, m. George 


4. SARAH, b. July 13, 1821, m. E. Warren Henderson. 

5. ZERVIA, m. Peter B. Bell, d. May 31, 1874. 
5. JOHN JR., b. Dec. 15, 1823, m. Maria Sturgis. 

7, JOSEPH, b. Sept. 13, 1826, m. Sarah L. Bell. 

8. MARY J., b. May 28, 1829, m. Joseph E. Ingalls. She d. 

Jan. 7, 1881. 


SILAS HOWARD came to Lyndeborough soon after the close of the 
Revolutionary War and settled in the southeast part of the town. He 
was a soldier in the Continental Army and drew a pension in his later 
years. He came to Lyndeborough from Westford, Mass.~ Nothing but 
a cellar hole marks the spot where he lived.- He married Rebecca Reed, 
probably of Westford, Mass. He died in 1840, aged -80 years. They had 
nine children, of whom the records are very imperfect. .Children : . 

1. SILAS JR., 

2. SAMUEL. + 

3. JACOB, b. March 3, 1795, m. Oct. 10, 1824, Rachel, dau. 

of Isaac and Olive (Hopkins) Blanchard of Milford. Res. 
in Milford and d. there, May 5, 1873. 



5. JOHN, 


7. MARTHA, m. Samuel Hutchinson. 

8. ABIGAIL, m. Blanchard. 

9. RACHEL, m. Allen Dodge of Mt. Vernon. 

SAMUEL HOWARD. Samuel, John and Benjamin, sons of Silas 
and Rebecca (Reed) Howard, were soldiers in the War of 1812, and 
Samuel was the only one of the three that lived to return. He served 
three years and four months and was honorably discharged with the 
rank of lieutenant. He was born in Lyndeborough in 1789, and died in 
Milford, June 26, 1861 ; married first, June IT, 1821, Hannah, daughter of 
Thomas and Elizabeth (Harkness) Burns. She was born in Milford in 
1781 ; died in Lyndeborough, Oct. 7, 1821 ; second, Oct. 28, 1824, Sally A., 
daughter of Ezekiel and Sally (Clark) Ames, born March 15, 1802 ; died 
Dec. 28, 1868. Children, all born in Lyndeborough : 


2. ALBERT L., + 

3. SARAH A., b. July 19, 1830, m. first, Lemuel Davis ; second, 

Charles O. Davis. She d. March 22, 1866. 

4. MARIA T., b. July 24, 1832. Res. in Milford. 

5. SYBIL F., b. Nov. n, 1834, m. Levi H., son of David K. 

and Alice (Harwood) Holt, June 6, 1860. Res. in Milford. 

6. SAMUEL A., b. Sept. 27, 1836, d. Dec. n, 1899, m. Oct. 20, 

1862, Mary F., dau. of Silas and Clara (Lyon) Dale of 
Roxbury, Mass. 

WILLIAM WELLS HOWARD, son of Samuel A. and Sally A. (Ames) 
Howard, born Oct. 18, 1826 ; married Nov. 28, 1850, Mary Ann, daughter 
of Rufus and Ann (Blanchard) Crosby, born in Milford, June 24, 1825- 
Mr. Howard filled many positions of trust while a citizen of Lyndebor- 
ough, and was highly respected by all who knew him. He was selectman 
five years and was closely identified with the best interests of the town. 
His farm was " set off" into Milford in the sixties and that town has 
honored him with the highest offices it could give. Children, all born in 
Lyndeborough but eldest : 

1. MARIETTA A., b. in Roxbury, Mass., .Feb. .3, 1851, d. in 

Lyndeborough, Jan. 24, 1852. 

2. ALONZO W., b. June 28, 1853, m. Nov. i, 1893, Sadie J., 

dau. of James C. and Mary A. (Hodsdon) Moore. Chil- 
dren : Clarence W., Helen M. 

3. WILLIAM R., b. Jan. 16, 1857, m. Feb. 3, 1881, Lizzie R., 

dau. of James W. and Rebecca S. (Crosby) Anderson ol 
Milford. Child : Wells A. 

ALBERT L. HOWARD, son of Samuel and Sally A. (Ames) Howard ; 
born in Lyndeborough, Oct. 23, 1828 ; married first, Feb. i, 1852, Sarah 


A., daughter of James W. and Esther C. (Cash) Norcross of Newton, 
Mass. She was born July 5, 1830; died May i, 1896. He married second, 
Oct. 22, 1897, Sarah M., daughter of Josiah M. and Maria (Cash) Parker 
of Amherst. Children, born in Lyndeborough : 

1. EMMA F., b. May 4, 1854, d. Nov. 27, 1864. 

2. ALBERT C., b. Oct. 2, 1856, m. Oct. 7, 1885, Stella M., dau. 

of Jason L. and Frances E. (Brown) Coffin of Athol, Mass. 
Child : Lillian R. 

3. ANNA E., b. Oct. 13, 1863, m. Oct. 13, 1885, Nathan F. 

Brown of Milford. 

4. LAURA F., b. Dec. 12, 1866, m. April 10, 1890, William L. 

Carr of Hillsborough. 


EBENEZER HUTCHINSON, son of Nathaniel and Katherine Hutch- 
inson; born in Saugus, Mass., Aug. 28, 1764; married Thamazan Griffin 
Dec. 2, 1784. She was born on Cape Ann, Mass., Oct. 3, 1760; died in 
1856. He built a log house on the farm now owned by John H. Good- 
rich, and lived there until 1833, when he removed to Hancock, N. H., 
thence to St. Johnsbury, Vt., where he died Feb. 5, 1854. To them were 
born eleven children, all but one in the log house at North Lyndebor- 
ough : 

1. SARAH, b. June, 1785. 

2. EBENEZER, b. Dec. 25, 1787, m. Betsey Carter, d. Oct. 9, 


3. LUCY, b. Oct., 1789, d. March, 1843. 

4. BENJAMIN, b. March, 1792. 

5. REV. WILLIAM, b. April 4, 1794, d. April, 1842. 

6. DANIEL, b. Oct., 1796. 

7. BRYANT, b. March, 1799. 

8. SUSANNA, b. Sept., 1800. 

9. JOSEPH, b. July, 1803, m. Esther Ide, d. Sept., 1847. 

10. HARRIET O., m. Nehemiah Rand. (See Rand gen.) 

11. ARNOLD B., b. April 17, 1808, m. Martha Holt, June, 10, 

1835, d. July 30, 1888. 


CHARLES LE ROY HUTCHINSON ; born in Milford, Feb. 18, 1837 ; 
died Dec. 30, 1889 ; married Aug. 19, 1865, Mary R. Davis of Milford. 
She was born Jan. 23, 1841. He was a soldier in the Civil War. (See 
Chap. X.) Resided in Perham Corner. Children : 

1. JosiE R., b. in Wilton, Nov. 19, 1866. 

2. OSCAR L.; born in Milford, July 4, 1868, m. first, March 5, 

1890, Anabelle S., dau. of Granville S. and Harriet (Whit- 


temore) Hill. She was b. Feb. 22, 1866, d. March 8, 1891 ; 
m. second, Dec. 31, 1898, Nellie M., dau. of Gorham G. 
and Melinda (Thomas) Jones. She was b. June 9, 1869, 
res. in North Graf ton, Mass. 

3. MORTON F., b. in Milford, March 27, 1870. 

4. GEORGE T., b. in Milford, April 23, 1872. 

5. HARRY E. b. in Lyndeborough May 18, 1874, m. Nov. 26, 

1901, Elsie B., dau. of Eli J. and Elsie (Daniels) Curtis, b. 
Dec. 18, 1878. 

6. SAMUEL T., b. in Lyndeborough, Oct. 10, 1876. 

7. ROMA B., b. in Lyndeborough, Oct. 3, 1886. 


CYRUS JAQUITH, son of Ebenezer and Ruth (Wright) Jaquith ; born 
Aug. 15, 1815 ; married first, Arissa, daughter of John and I/ydia (Dodge) 
Sleeper of Francestown, Nov. 6, 1839 ; married second, Mrs. Cynthia S. 
Woodward of Lyndeborough. He removed to Lowell, Mass., where he 
died March 9, 1896. Children, all by first wife, and born in Milford : 

1. JOHN M., b. Oct. 18, 1840. 

2. HARRIET O., b. Sept. 6, 1842, m. July 6, 1874, Charles W. 

Norris of Lowell, Mass., res. in Lowell. 

3. CYRUS E., b, June 5, 1845. 


LORENZ P. JENSON, b. Sept. 12, 1846, in Germany, married Annette 
A. Worman of Sweden, Aug. 13, 1871. She was born June u, 1851. He 
lived in South Lyndeborough a few years and removed to California. He 
was a carpenter and boat builder. Children : 

1. CAROLINE E., b. in Boston May 19, 1872, d. March 18, 


2. ANNETTE H., b. in Boston, Dec. 24, 1873, d. Nov. 25, 


3. CLARA C., b. in Boston Dec. 13, 1875. ' 

4. ANNA M., b. in Lyndeborough Nov. n, 1877. 

5. ALEXANDER, b. in Lyndeborough Jan. 6, 1881, d. Feb. 

16, 1881. 

6. ALFRED, b. in Lyndeborough, June 20, 1882. 

7. CHESTER L., born in Lyndeborough Sept. 19, 1885. 


JOHN JOHNSON. But little can be learned of the Johnson family, 
from which Johnson's Corner takes its name. The family has been ex- 
tinct in town for many years, and the writer has been unable to locate 
any of the descendants. John Johnson and his wife Mary came to 


Lyndeborough from Lynnfield, Mass., and settled on land now the prop- 
erty of Aaron Russell. With him" came his sons Adam and James. 
James settled on the lot west of his father's land, where W. H. Bowen 
lives, and Adam on the land where Willis Perham formerly lived. Chil- 
dren born in Lyndeborough : 

1. OSGOOD, b. May 23, 1772, m. Betsey . Child, born in 

Lyndeborough: Betsey, b. Feb. 22, 1797. 

2. DAVID, b. Aug. 16, 1774. 

3. HANNAH, b. Feb. 18, 1777. 

ADAM JOHNSON, the eldest son, married Abigail, daughter of Jere- 
miah and Eunice (Taylor) Carleton. They had seven children, viz., 
Lydia, John, Adam, Betty, Hannah, Mary and Lucy. These were all bap- 
tized Aug. 6, 1769. He was a soldier in the Continental Army, and died 
or was killed while in the service. He was probably born at Reading, 
Mass. His widow married Ensign David Putnam. 

JAMES JOHNSON and Hannah, his wife, had three children : 

1. JAMES, b. in Falmouth, Mass. 

2. JASPER, b. in Lyndeborough. 

3. JOHN, b. Aug. 24, 1758, in Lyndeborough. 

John, James and Adam Johnson were grantees of the town. For the 
Revolutionary War record of the Johnson family see Chap. VII. 


FRANCIS D. JOHNSON came to Lyndeborough from Allenstown, N. 
H., in 1826. He was born May 9, 1793; died Feb. 4, 1879; married 
Mehitable, daughter of Elisha and Betsey (Bartlett) Haynes of Epsom.. 
She was born Jan. 22, 1800, and died Aug. 31, 1859. Children, six born in 
Lyndeborough : 

i. JOSEPH A., -|- 

i. ISAAC A., b. May 9, 1822. Rem. to Massachusetts. 

3. WATERMAN B., b. March 29, 1825, d. Oct. 15, 1856. 

4. SARAH E., b. Nov. 15, 1827, m. William H. Haynes of 

New London and removed to Wisconsin. 

5. FRANCIS D., b. May 3, 1830. 

6. JOHN D., b. March 4, 1833. Rem. to Dakota. 

7. CHARLES H., b. March 6, 1836. Rem. to Michigan. 

8. CHRISTIANNA, b. Dec. 25, 1838, d. Aug. 26, 1860. 

9. FREEMAN G., b. Aug. 3, 1842. Rem. to Michigan. 

JOSEPH A. JOHNSON, son of Francis D. and Mehitable (Haynes) 
Johnson, born Dec. 2, 1819 ; married Mary L., daughter of Jotham and 
Lucinda (Sargent) Stephenson, Nov. 16, 1848. She was born March 12, 
1830. He has been elected to many offices of trust in the town, and has 
always taken great interest in its material welfare. He has been justice 
of the peace for thirty years, and has that integrity of character which 


wins the confidence of the community in which he lives. In his younger 
days he took great interest in military matters and is the only surviving 
commander of the -jih Co. of the 22d Regiment of infantry, popularly 
known as the "Slam-bang" Co. He resides in South Lyudeborough 
village. Children, all born in Lyndeborough : 

1. EMMA E., b. Oct. 14, 1850, m. Jacob Smith. (See Smith 


2. IDA B., b. July 4, 1859, m. Frank J. Bishop. (See Bishop 


3. INA E., b. March 24, 1854, m. Charles E. Dollaway of 

Mincer, Ind., November, 1875. 


The Jones family of Lyndeborough is of Welsh origin, descendants of 
Nathaniel and Rachel (Bradford) Jones, who came with a Welsh colony 
and settled, probably in Gloucester, Mass. But they are on record in 
Ipswich, Mass., in 1704. That year Nathaniel married Rachel Bradford. 
They had six children of record. William, the second son, settled in 
Ipswich, where he acquired considerable wealth. He was a " felt maker " 
and made the three-cornered felt hats then in fashion. He was converted 
under the preaching of the celebrated Whitefield, and often entertained 
that great divine at his home in Ipswich. He was very devout and was 
often called Whitefield's "New Light." He always dressed with scrupu- 
lous care, in velvet coat and knee breeches, silver shoe and knee buckles, 
and always carried a gold-headed cane. By endorsing the paper of a 
friend, who proved to be a rogue, he lost most of his wealth, and was 
limited in means in his old age. He was born Oct. 31, 1707; married 
Joanna Lord, Oct. 13, 1728. He died November, 1782. They had 15 

DR. BENJAMIN JONES was the fourteenth child of William and 
Joanna (Lord) Jones, and was the first of that name to come to Lynde- 
borough. He was born in Ipswich, Mass., Oct. 18, 1751; married Eliza- 
beth Cleaves of Ipswich, Mass. She was born Oct. 20, 1752 ; died June 6, 
1819. He died Jan. 12, 1819. He was a physician and a very skilful 
surgeon, and was the first M. D. to come to Lyndeborough. He came 
Dec. 18, 1772, and settled where H. H. Joslin now lives, but some time 
after built the brick house where George Spalding now lives and re- 
moved there. He had a large practice and took great interest in the wel- 
fare of the town and of the church. He was a man of great influence in 
the community, and in connection with his extensive medical practice, 
he carried on his large farm, hiring much of the labor. He was town 
treasurer, 1792-95, and again in 1805. He died very suddenly of heart 
disease. Children, all born in Lyndeborough: 

1. BENJAMIN, -j- 

2. ELIZABETH, b. Dec. 18, 1776, m. Nehemiah Boutwell. 

3. JOANNA, b. Jan. 27, 1779, m. James Crombie. Rem. to 



4. MARY C., b. Jan. 20, 1781, m. Cleaves. 

5. HULDAH, b. March 26, 1783, m. Royal Tupper. 

6. JOSEPH, -|- 

7. NATHANIEL, b. June 22, 1787, d. Oct. 17, 1811. 

8. WILLIAM, + 

9. SARAH, b. March 5, 1792, d. March 31, 1795. 

10. NATHAN, b. April 25, 1794. Was a physician and prac- 
ticed his profession in L,yndeborough from 1828 until 1834, 
when he removed to Wenham, Mass. He died March n, 
1860. He lived where Herman A. Walker now lives. He 
sold this place and his practice to Dr. Israel Herrick. 

BENJAMIN JONES, son of Benjamin and Elizabeth (Cleaves) Jones, 
born May 18, 1774; married Dec. 13, 1797, Chloe Farrington of Lynde- 
borough. She was born May 25, 1772 ; died Sept. 4, 1830. He died Feb. 
20, 1846. Children : 

1. SARAH, b. Dec. 21, 1798, m. Peter Clark. (See Clark gen.) 

2. ELIZABETH, b. Sept. 7, 1800, m. Joseph Woodward, d. June 

i, 1836. 

3. SAMUEL, + 

4. ABIGAIL, b. August, 1804, m. Charles Parker. (See Parker 


5. JOANNA, b. Nov. 27, 1806, m. Thorpe Fisher and removed 

to Salem, Mass., d. Oct. 4, 1855. 

6. BENJAMIN, b. Nov. 26. 1808. Rem. to Iowa, d. in 1880. 


SAMUEL JONES, son of Benjamin and Chloe (Farrington) Jones, 
born July 21, 1802 ; married first, April 10, 1828, Olive, daughter of Wil- 
liam and Sarah (Barren) Clark. She was born Aug. 5, 1805 '> died Dec. 17, 
1841 ; second, April 8, 1848, Sarah, daughter of Benjamin and Sally 
(Clark) Goodrich. She was born Nov. 24, 1805; died Jan. 9, 1869. He 
died July 23, 1868. He was a very influential citizen of the town and at 
one time or another was honored by about all the offices the town could 
bestow. He was very popular with all, but especially with the young. 
"Uncle Sam" was the friend and comrade of every boy and girl with 
whom he became acquainted. Always genial, always merry and kind 
arid sympathetic with all, to meet with him was a pleasure. 

He and his son, Clark B., were digging in the sandbank near Badger 
Pond when they unearthed several skeletons of Indians buried there. 
Clark Jones, says his brother, William A., presented the most complete 
one to Francestown Academy, where he was a pupil at the time. Mr. 
Jones died very suddenly one evening while milking the cows. Children 
by first wife : 

i. WILLIAM A., + 


2. CHI.OE A., b. Feb. 27, 1831, m. William J. Herrick. (See 

Herrick gen.) 

3. CLARK B., + 

4. GEORGE T., -f- 

By second wife : 

5. SARAH O., b. Feb. 18, 1846, m. James O. Fiske. (See 

Fiske gen.) 

DR. WILLIAM A. JONES, son of Samuel and Olive (Clark) Jones ; 
born Jan. 19, 1829; married Feb. 28, 1855, Harriet J., daughter of Moses 
and Nancy A. (Haley) Chenery. She was born Oct. 12, 1834; died 
March 10, 1897. He died Dec. 18, 1880. He was educated at Frances- 
town Academy and in the schools of Lyndeborough. He graduated from 
the Western College of Homeopathy at Cleveland, O., in 1854. He com- 
menced the practice of medicine in Wilton, and was a resident of that 
town for a few years after his marriage. Then he came to Lyndebor- 
ough. He had the qualifications for a good physician, and was success- 
ful from the start. When Dr. Herrick retired he had most of the prac- 
tice in this and adjoining towns, and he was the last resident physician 
of Lyndeborough. He took a lively interest in the business affairs of the 
town and in its social welfare, and was one of the promoters of the 
Franklin Library. His wife was a woman of much refinement, and was 
very helpful in the social affairs of the town. 

Dr. Jones was superintendent of schools for some years, representative 
to the General Court in 1871, town clerk seven years and justice of the 
peace twenty years ; was vice-president of the N. H. Medical Society and 
a member from its beginning. He was the enrolling officer of Lynde- 
borough during the War of the Rebellion. When he removed to Wilton, 
in 1871, he leased the Whiting house for three years. He retired from 
practice in 1880. Children : 

1. MINA O., b. Oct. 5, 1856, in Wilton, m. Oct. 5, 1881, Charles 

N. Grey of Wilton. He d. Sept. 10, 1889 ; m. second, 
March 18, 1896, Amos A. Wyman of Hillsborough, res. at 
Hillsborough Bridge. Child: Lena. 

2. MYRTA M., b. June 7, 1859, m. April 26, 1899, Hadley F. 

Higgins of Manchester, res. in Dorchester, Mass. 

3. L,UUE C., b. July 31, 1861, m. Oct. 31, 1885, Charles A. 

Burns of Wilton. She d. Aug. 26, 1896. 

CLARK B. JONES, son of Samuel and Olive (Clark) Jones; born Feb. 
28, 1834 ; married May 20, 1857, Miriam M. Holt, daughter of David 
and Bethiah (Wilson) Holt of Lyndeborough. She was born March 2, 
1835. Resides at Maplewood, Mass. Children : 

1. FRANK W., b. Feb. 28, 1858, m. Nov. 21, 1888, Lucy M. 
Simmons of Brewer, Me. 

2. HARRY E., b. Dec. 25, 1859. 

3. FRED C., b. Aug. 12, 1867. 


GEORGE T. JONES, son of Samuel and Olive (Clark) Jones, born 
Nov. 30, 1840 ; married Feb. 4, 1868, Josephine H. Farwell of Milford ; 
was a soldier in the Civil War. (See Chap. X. ) Children : 

1. A daughter, b. May i, 1869, d. May i, 1869. 

2. KATIE S., b. May 31, 1878. 

NATHANIEL, JONES, son of Benjamin and Chloe (Farrington) Jones; 
born Nov. 15, 1811 ; married May 28, 1841, Ann P. Perkins of Alfred, Me. 
She was born Jan. 28, 1815; died in Marlborough, Mass., Jan. 21, 1865. 
He died in Natick, Mass., Dec. 28, 1878. He lived for a number of years 
where Herman A. Walker now lives. He removed to Marlboro, Mass., 
and lived there a short time when he removed to Natick, Mass., where he 
died. Children : 

1. SARAH A., b. in Boston, July 2, 1843, m. Feb. 7, 1865, 

Joseph Richard of Sudbury, Mass. 

2. MARY E., b. in Boston, Oct. 12, 1847, m - Dec. 22 > ^69, 

John D. Wade of Natick, Mass. 

3. EDWARD B., b. in I^yndeborough July 12, 1850, m. in 1872, 

Nellie Childs at Woonsocket, R. I. 

4. FANNIE B., b. in L,yndeborough Oct. 14, 1853, m. Dec. 20, 

1875, Charles A. Goodnow of Natick, Mass. 

5. JAMES C., b. in Lyndeborough March 21, 1856, d. in La 

Salle, 111., Sept. 7, 1881, from injuries received in trying to 
prevent a team from running away. 

JOSEPH JONES, son of Dr. Benjamin and Elizabeth (Cleaves) Jones ; 
born March 29, 1785 ; married Sept. n, 1811, Ann Richardson. She was 
born Aug. 19, 1788; died May 19, 1827; married second, Sept. 18, 1827, 
Mrs. Clarissa W. Page. She d. Feb. 16, 1844. Children by first wife : 

1. JOHN, b. Sept. 8, 1812, d. June 22, 1889. 

2. ELIZA, b. May 14, 1815, d. March 26, 1819. 

3. JOSEPH, b. Sept. 2, 1818, d. July 1884. 

4. WILLIAM, b. Aug. 24, 1821, d. July 5, 1824. 


6. SARAH A., b. May 4, 1827, d. June 18, 1827. 
Children by second wife : 

7. CLARISSA A., b. Nov. 9, 1828. 

8. ISAIAH W., b. Nov. 24, 1830, d. 1882. 

BENJAMIN CLEAVES JONES, son of Joseph and Ann (Richardson) 
Jones ; born March 30, 1824 ; married June 14, 1860, Augusta L. Cleaves 
of Mont Vernon. He removed to Chicago, 111., in 1855, and died April 
23, 1885. Children : Frank C., Alfred L/., Clarissa A. 

DEA. WILLIAM JONES, son of Dr. Benjamin and Elizabeth (Cleaves) 
Jones; born July 14, 1789; married first, June 4, 1815, Priscilla, daughter 
of Rev. Sewall Goodrich. She died Jan. 2, 1837; married second, Nov. 


20, 1838, Eliza N. Anderson of Londonderry. She was born Feb. 9, 1802 ; 
died April 12, 1876. He died March 23, 1865. 

Dea. Jones was one of the notable men of Lyndeborough. He was tall 
and of a stalwart frame, and but few men could accomplish as much farm 
work in a day as he. He was educated at Phillips Academy, Andover, 
Mass., for teaching, which vocation he followed for a number of years, 
but the active years of his life were passed in his native town on the 
homestead farm, where Geo. E. Spalding now lives. For nearly fifty 
years he was a deacon of the Congregational church and a liberal con- 
tributor to its support. He was a man of great energy in his business of 
farming. He used to raise hops extensively, and there was a hop press 
and a storage room on his premises, something not seen in Lyndebor- 
ough now, and only remembered by the older generation. He rather 
avoided holding public office but his influence was felt in all the affairs of 
town and church. 

Dea. Jones opened a store in New Ipswich which he kept for a few 
j-ears, but on the death of his father he returned to Lyndeborough. His 
second wife was the daughter of Hugh and Elizabeth (Nesmith) Ander 
son of Londonderry. Children by second wife : 

1. EUZA P., b. Aug. 30, 1839, m. Solon B. Richardson. (See 

Richardson gen.) 

2. MARY A., b. March 22, 1841, m. William R. Blaney of 

Swampscott, Mass., res. in Swampscott. Children: George, 

3. ABBY J., b. Dec. 23, 1842, m. George E. Spalding. (See 

Spalding gen.) 

4. JOANNA C., b. Sept. 26, 1845, m. James K. Philips of 

Swampscott, Mass., Jan. 25, 1869, res. in Swampscott. 
Children : Edward James, Mary Anderson. 


TIMOTHY JOSLIN. In 1854, Timothy Joslin and his son, Henry H., 
bought a farm on the road leading from the Pinnacle House to Green- 
field, known as the Marsh place. Nothing but a cellar hole marks the 
spot. Timothy was a son of William Joslin of Leominster, Mass. He 
was born there in 1796. He married Mary Ann Lese, born in Byfield, 
Mass., in 1805. She died Nov. 22, 1863. She was the daughter of Samuel 
and Eliza Saunderson Lese of New Ipswich. Timothy afterward re- 
moved to the place where Mrs. Ann Cummings lives now, and died there 
Oct. 30, 1863. Children : 

1. SAMUEL L/M d. in infancy. 

2. MARY ANN, d. of accidental burning, aged 8 years. 

3. SAMUEL O., b. May 20, 1831, m. Bethiah U. Swinnington of 

Greenfield. He d. Nov. 9, 1874. She d. in Greenfield, 
Dec. 2, 1890. 

4. HENRY H., + 


5. OTIS, b. August, 1835, m. Sarah J. lyibby of Saco, Me., is 

a lumberman and resides in Saganaw, Mich. Children : 
Bertha A., Otis W., Clarence and Fred. 

6. ISABELLA C., b. February, 18,38, m. William Lewis of 

Wabash Co., Ind. 

7. HARRIETT J., b. November, 1839, m. Wyman W. Ryan of 

Jaffrey, N. H. 

8. WILLIAM P., b. November, 1843, m. Georgianna More- 

house of Osseo, Minn. 

9. L,EVI N., b. Oct. 14, 1847, d. April, 1862. Fatally burned 

by gunpowder. 

HENRY H. JOSUN, son of Timothy and Mary A. (Lese) Joslin, born 
May 7, 1833; married Jan. 3, 1856, Deborah J. Smith of Francestown. 
She was born Oct. 3, 1843. He bought the Harvey Holt place and has 
lived there ever since. Both he and his wife have been persons of un- 
tiring industry. In recent years, owing to impaired health, they have 
spent some of the winters in the south. Mr. Joslin has always taken a 
proper interest in the affairs of the town and has faithfully discharged 
his duties as a citizen. He is a prosperous and well-to-do farmer. 
Children, all but the eldest born in L,yndeborough : 

1. FRANK H., -f- 

2. ALLEN B., b. Aug. 14, 1860, m. Sept. 23, 1885, Rose 

Stevens of Port Huron, Mich. Res. in Port Huron, Mich. 
Five children. 

3. HARRY A., b. July 19, 1862, m. Sept. 19, 1889, Marion G. 

Burnham of Abilene, Kansas. Res. at Milford. Chil- 
dren : Bessie J., b. at Milford; Henry J., b. at Hartford; 
Ruth, b. at L,yndeborough ; Emily S., b. at Milford. 

4. OTIS W., b. June 22, 1864. Res. at Amherst. 

5. WINFRED, b. Aug. 2, 1867. Res. in Alaska. 

6. JENNIE M., b. July 24, 1869. Graduated from McCullom 

Institute and from a special course at Harvard Annex. 

7. BENJAMIN H., -f- 

8. PERRY E., b. Jan. 10, 1873. Graduated from Dartmouth 

Medical School in 1898. Res. at Milford. 

9. GRACE B., b. Dec. 4, 1875. 

10. SAMUEL I*., b. March 21, 1878. Graduated from Harvard 
Medical School in 1900. 

n. BESSIE E., b. Nov. 24, 1881, d. Sept. 23, 1882. 
12. FLORENCE A., b. March 18, 1883, m. William Nichols. 
(See Nichols gen.) 

FRANK H. JOSIvIN, son of Henry and Deborah J. (Smith) Joslin, 
born Aug. 3, 1858 ; married Jan. 8, 1885, Etta M., daughter of Jonathan 


and Emily (Woodward) Stephenson. She was born Sept. 12, 1859, 
Children : 

1. ELMER F., b. July 30, 1886. 

2. EMMA F., b. Oct. 10, 1887. 

3. EVERETT H., b. April 23, 1889. 

H., b. Dec. 24, 1890. 

BENJAMIN H. JOSWN, son of Henry H. and Deborah J. (Smith) 
Joslin, born Sept. 14, 1871 ; married Oct. 18, 1894, Mary A., daughter of 
John and Ann (Cassidy) Cain of Greenfield. She was born Dec. 21, 1869. 
Children : 

1. ALBERT B., b. Sept. 24, 1897. 

2. PERRY E., b. April 30, 1901. 


JAMES KARR, b. at Goffstown, Jan. i, 1767 ; married Nov. 13, 1794, 
Sarah, daughter of Carr and and Joanna Huse of New Chester, now Hill. 
She died Feb. 21, 1844. At the time of his marriage he removed to New 
Chester, where he taught school, and held many offices of trust. In 
1821 he removed to Lyndeborough and settled on the Creecy place, 
south of Edward Duncklee's. He afterward lived at several places in 
the town. It is said of him that "he was a quiet, unassuming man, but 
possessed of considerable ability, and amply qualified to fill a high posi- 
tion in the community, that he was ever ready to weep with those that 
weep and rejoice with those that rejoice, that he was a consistent Chris- 
tian, and that both he and his wife were members of the Congregational 
Church at Andover, N. H., at the time of their deaths." He died Oct. 

3. 1845. Children : 

1. THOMAS, b. Nov. 19, 1795, d. Oct. 25, 1851. 

2. HUSE, + 

3. JOHN, b. Nov. 21, 1800, d. Jan. 25, 1877, m. Hannah Parker. 

4. JOANNA, b. April 6, 1803, d. Aug. 5, 1874, m. Ebenezer 


5. JAMES, b. Nov. 5, 1805, d. May 23, 1887, m. Harriet P. 


6. JOSEPH, b. March 13, 1808, d. July 22, 1869. 

7. MARTHA, b. July 21, 1810, d. Feb. 15, 1857. 

8. SARAH, b. Dec. 23, 1813, d. Aug. 2, 1891, m. James M. 


9. SAMUEL, b. May 2, 1816, d. June 3, 1884. 

10. ELIZABETH, b. Jan. 5, 1819, d. Oct. n, 1883. 

11. MARY, b. March 8, 1822. Res. at Wilson's Crossing, N. H. 

HUSE KARR, son of James and Sarah (Huse) Karr, born March 28, 
1798; married Dec. 27, 1821, Sally Ordway of I/yndeborough. She died 
May 18, 1826 ; second, June 24, 1832, Susanna Pickle. He died April 5, 
1879. Children by first wife : 


1. SARAH, b. Oct. 25, 1822. d. March 17, 1824. 

2. SARAH MARIA, b. Aug. 21, 1824, d. Oct. 31, 1824. 

3. JAMES H., + 
By second wife : 

4. MARY J., b. Sept. 13, 1836, m. Edward Lambert of Nashua. 

5. JOHN H., b. Sept. 6, 1838, d. Aug. 10, 1863. Was a soldier 

in the Civil War. (See Chap. X.) 

6. FRANCES A., b. Jan. 9, 1841, d. Feb. 6, 1852. 

7. HARRIET S., b. April 13, 1844, m. L,evi Brooks of Green- 


8. EI^EN C., b. Sept. 13, 1847, m. William Duncklee of 


9. THOMAS E., b. July 31, 1849, m. Lizzie Ford. 

10. JOANNA, b. Aug. 12, 1853, m. Morris Edmands. 

11. EMMA E., b. March 21, 1857, m. William Felton. 

JAMES H. KARR, son of Huse and Sally (Ordway) Karr ; born Feb. 
26, 1826; married May 6, 1857, Clarinda F., daughter of James and Sally 
(Parker) Bruce of Mont Vernon. She was born Jan. 10, 1831 ; died Feb. 
28, 1901. Child : 

i. FRED B., b. Feb. 21, 1868. 


The Kidder family had much to do with the early settlement of Lynde- 
borough, but the records are very meagre. John Kidder was probably 
the first of the name to come, and he probably came when the grant was 
called Salem-Canada. He was of the fourth generation from James 
Kidder, the immigrant ancestor of the Kidders of America. He was the 
son of Joseph and Hannah (Proctor) Kidder, and was born, in Sutton, 
Mass., June 3, 1727. Just when he came to Lyndeborough is unknown. 
Tracing back the ownership of farms in Lyndeborough, we find many of 
them were owned by Kidders in the early days of the town. On which 
one John 'settled is not known. He married Triphena, daughter of 
Ephraim Powers. She was born April 20, 1731. He died Jan. 14, 1810. 
Children : 

1. TRIPHENA, b. May 4, 1755. 

2. JOHN, b. March 4, 1757, m. Molly Chamberlain, probably a 

daughter of Jonathan and Elizabeth (Cram) Chamberlain. 
He removed to Maine. 

3. lyOis, b. July 10, 1760, m. Jonathan Butler. 

4. EPHRAIM, -j- 

5. JOSEPH, + 

6. RACHEL, b. March 8, 1769, m. Nathaniel Tay. 

EPHRAIM KIDDER, son of John and Triphena (Powers) Kidder; 
born Oct. 12, 1761 ; married Martha Karr of New Boston. He died in 


Lyndeborough in January, 1841. He lived on the farm where the late 
Franklin H. Kidder lived. Children : 

1. THOMAS, + 

2. MARTHA, b. April 2, 1788. 

3. EPHRAIM, -f- 

4. LUCY P., b. Aug. 25, 1793. 

5. JAMES, b. Aug. 21, 1798, m. Betsey Kidder, daughter of 

Joseph and Polly (Kpps) Kidder, rem. to Westfield, O. 

THOMAS KIDDER, son of Ephraim and Martha (Karr) Kidder ; born 
Nov. 24, 1786; married Aug. n, 1811, Elizabeth Holt. She was born 
June 5, 1788 ; died Nov. 9, 1856. He died Sept. 5, 1854. Children : 

1. THOMAS J., b. May 31, 1812, d. Dec. 18, 1812. 

2. BETSEY A., b. March 6, 1814, m. Joseph H. Ford. (See 

Ford gen.) 

3. FRANKUN H., + 

4. MARTHA H., b. Aug. u, 1821, m. Cyrus Moors of Sharon. 

5. CYNTHIA J., b. June 21, 1824, m. Dea. Oliver Barrett of 

Wilton. She d. May 5, 1881. 

6. ALMANDER A., b. Oct. 26, 1827, d. May 20, 1861. 

7. LUCY A., b. Dec. 13, 1832, m. Isaac Lowe. (See Lowe 


FRANKLIN H. KIDDER, son of Thomas and Elizabeth (Holt) 
Kidder; born Oct. 18, 1818; married Feb. 22, 1853, Elsey M. Fish of 
Peterborough. She was born March 24, 1826 ; died Sept. 5, 1899. He died 
April 27, 1899. He was a quiet, unassuming man, and much respected 
in the community. He lived on the farm his father and grandfather 
owned before him. Children : 

1. CHARLES F., b. May 21, 1857, d. May 29, 1857. 

2. ELIZABETH R., b. June 15, 1859, m. Nov. 14, 1882, Ethan 

A. Woodward. 

EPHRAIM KIDDER, son of Ephraim and Martha (Karr) Kidder; 
born Jan. 3, 1791 ; married Betsey, daughter of John and Anna Bofee. 
She was born July 28, 1792 ; died in Wilton, May 14, 1878. He lived in 
Lyndeborough until after the youngest child was born, then removed to 
Wilton, where he died Aug 3, 1858. 


2. THOMAS K., b. June 9, 1817, rem. to Milford. 

3. ELIZA, m. Burnham Russell. (See Russell gen.) 

4. ANNA, b. Sept. 16, 1822, d. May 15, 1868, m. John Burton 

of Wilton. 

5. MARTHA, b. Aug. 14, 1828, d. July 2, 1832. 

JOHN BOFEE KIDDER, son of Ephraim and Betsey (Bofee) Kidder ; 


born Aug. 16, 1811; married April, 1834, Mary Russell. She died Oct. 
22, 1879. He died at Milford, May 2, 1892. Children : 

1. MARY O., b. Oct. 15, 1835, m. May 2, 1854, Artemas Put- 

nam of Wilton. 

2. JOHN P., b. July i, 1838, was soldier in Civil War. (See 

Chap. X.) 

3. DIANA, b. Nov. 7, 1841, m. Oct. 10, 1865, Horace W. Rice 

of Leominster, Mass. 

JOSEPH KIDDER, son of John and Triphena (Powers) Kidder; born 
Nov. 30, 1763; married Polly Epps. A short time after his marriage he 
removed to Westfield, O. Children : 




4. JOHN. 

5. EPPS. 

6. SARAH, m. David Woodward. 

7. HANNAH, m. Daniel L,ove. 

8. BETSEY, m. James Kidder. 

CAPT. JONAS KIDDER, son of Joseph and Hannah (Proctor) Kidder ; 
born in Hudson, N. H., Nov. 16, 1743. Removed to L/yndeborough probably 
when a young man, for he was living here when the Revolutionary War 
broke out, in which he served as captain. (See P. 190.) He removed 
to Hudson and died there. The inscription on his headstone reads as 
follows : 

" In memory of Capt. Jonas Kidder who died Nov. i, 1837, aged 94. 
Formerly of L,inesborough." 

Capt. Jonas Kidder was the first settler on the farm now owned by 
Robert C. Mason, on the mountain. The house, which was a tavern 
stand built by him, was torn down by Jesse Simonds to make way for the 
present house. The old house had a hall up stairs in which were held 
singing schools and various gatherings. This hall contained probably 
the largest fireplace in town. He married Huldah, daughter of Dea. 
Ephraim and Sarah Cram) Putnam, Nov. 26, 1768. She died Jan. 13, 
1778. He married second, Widow Alice Barren May 20, 1779. She was a 
daughter of Amos Taylor. Children by first wife : 

1. AARON, b. May 8, 1769, m. Pamelia, dau. of Andrew and 

Mary (Putnam) Fuller of t/yndeborough. She was b. 
March 12, 1770. 

2. JONAS, b. Jan. 8, 1771, d. Aug. 17, 1817. 

3. HANNAH, b. March 21, 1773, m. L,evi Cross. 

4. DAVID, b. Jan. 16, 1775, m. Betsey, dau. of Andrew and 

Mary (Putnam) Fuller. She was b. Feb. 6, 1776. 

5. EPHRAIM, b. Nov. 19, 1777, d. April 6, 1778. 


6. NATHAN, b. June 14, , supposed to have died very 

Children by second wife : 

7. JOSEPH, b. April 7, 1780, m. Sarah Souther. 

8. PUTNAM, b. June 23, 1782, d. May 22, 1783. 

9. WILLIAM, -f- 

10. BENJAMIN, b. July 4, 1786, d. Jan. 16, 1808. 

WILLIAM KIDDER. son of Capt. Jonas and Alice (Barren) Kidder, 
was born in Lyndeborough May 7, 1784; died in Irasburgh, Vt., Jan. 2, 
1863. William Kidder lived in Lyndeborough until the year 1820, when 
he removed to Irasburgh, Vt. He married Anna, daughter of Charles 
and Anna (Faxon) Whitmarsh of Lyndeborough. She was born at 
Braintree, Mass., May 7, 1784; died Dec. 28, 1868. Children born in 
Lyndeborough : 

1. SARAH, died in infancy. 

2. CHARLES W., b. Dec. 8, 1809, d. May 28, 1886. 

3. WILLIAM W., b. Nov. 17, 1811, d. Aug. 22, 1886. 

4. ALICE, b. Nov. 18, 1813, m. James Hancock. 

5. BENJAMIN A., b. Feb. 12, 1816, m. Elvira Langdon. 

6. MARY A., b. March n, 1818, d. Nov. 21, 1869. 

7. JOSIAH C., b. Jan. 12, 1820, in. Eliza Michell. Children, 

b. in Irasburgh. 

8. BETSEY, b, Aug. 12, 1823. 

9. FAXON, b. Sept. 13, 1826. 

10. JOSEPH, b. Sept. 12, 1828. 


PHINEAS KIDDER came to Lyndeborough from Chelmsford, Mass., 
in 1786, or 1787 and settled on what is now known as the Watkins place. 
He married Hannah Crosby of Westfield, Mass. He died Jan. 20, 1846. 
She died June 13, 1850. Children, born at North Lyndeborough . 

1. SAMUEL, -+- 

2. PHINEAS, + 

3. ANN, b. Aug. 27, 1791, m. Jan. 19, 1828, Eliphalet Atwood. 

(See Atwood gen.) 

4. HANNAH, b. July 30, 1793, m. Luke Giddings of New Boston. 

SAMUEL KIDDER, son of Phineas and Hannah (Crosby) Kidder, 
boru March 13, 1787; married Oct. 12, 1812, Hannah Brown of Lynde- 
borough. She died in Francestown Feb. 28, 1864. He died March 6, 
1866. Removed to Francestown. 

PHINEAS KIDDER,* son of Phineas and Hannah (Crosby) Kidder, 

* The Francestown History records Phineas Kidder as coming to Lyndeborough about 
1797. If this is correct, his children, Samuel, Phiueas, Jr., Ann and Hannah were born 
in Chelmsford, Mass. The record furnished us gives their birthplace at Lyndebor- 


born Dec. 5, 1789; married Oct. 12, 1812, Patty, daughter of Abraham 
aud De/iah (Fish) Rose of Lyndeborough. She was born July i, 1794; 
died April 30, 1882. He died Jan. 20, 1864. Children : 

1. CATHERINE, b. March 9, 1813, m. Warner Clark, d. Jan. 20, 


2. ANN, b. Aug. 9, 1815, d. Oct. 7, 1815. 

3. PHINEAS C., b. Jan. 12, 1817, m. Emily Hardy of Green- 

field, Oct. 13, 1842. He d. March 29, 1892. She d. 
March 31, 1899. Children: Emily, b., Nov. 14, 1843, m. 
Charles A. Rogers of Boston, Mass., res. in Windham, Me.; 
Merrill H., b. April 17, 1847, m. April 25, 1875, Ida Patch 
of Francestown ; Abbie J., b. Dec. 16, 1852, m. Aug. 31, 
1873, David A. Starrett of Hillsboro. 


MANLEY KIDDER, born July 24, 1810; married first, Rachel P. 
Abbott; married second, Rachel P. Buswell. She died Oct. 29, 1872. He 
married third, Sarah H. Proctor, who died Nov. 20, 1879. 


NELSON KIDDER came to Lyndeborough f rom Jaffrey in 1837. He 
was a blacksmith by trade, and it is said that he could hammer iron as 
" smooth " as any craftsman of his day. He lived in the Manahan house 
at the centre and had a shop nearby, where he worked up to within a few 
years of his death. He was born May 14, 1809; died Jan. 31, 1892; mar- 
ried Lucy P. Barnes of Dublin, N. H., Nov. 29, 1838. She was born Oct. 
i, 1807 ; died April 8, 1898. Children: 

1. ALBERT J., b. July 18, 1840, d. Sept. 21, 1872. Was in the 

U. S. service at Portsmouth, N. H. (See Chap. X.) 

2. LUCY E., b. Aug. 10, 1842, d. Ma7 19, 1864. 


THOMAS LAKIN came from Groton, Mass., and settled on land east 
of South Lyndeborough village. This land is now owned by Ward N. 
Cheever. Thomas married Lucy, daughter of John and Rebecca Burton 
of Wilton. She was born Feb. 18, 1778. Their children born at Lynde- 
borough were : 

1. WILLIAM G., + 

2. LUCY. 


4. BETSEY, in. Amos Herrick. 

5. MARY A., m. Billings. 

6. CYRENA, m Rogers. 


WILLIAM G. LAKIN, son of Thomas and Lucy (Burton) Lakin, 
married Harriet Carleton. Their children born at Lyndeborough were : 

1. WILLIAM A., b. Nov. 23, 1844. 

2. HARRIET F., b. April 5, 1846. 

NATHAN LANGDBLL, born in New Boston, N. H., Nov. 22, 1822 ; 
married first, Ann F. Smith of New Boston, Dec. 14, 1854. She was 
born May 26, 1830; died Aug. 15, 1856; married second, Hannah A. 
Lateren of Deering, N. H., May 14, 1857. She was born May 5, 1831. 
Children by first wife : 

1. ANN F., b. in New Boston, Feb. 3, 1859. 

2. HILLIARD L/., b. in New Boston, March 22, 1861, d. April 

4, 1882. 

3. JULIA L,., b. in L/yndeborough, May 17, 1866. Graduated 

from Francestown Academy in 1886. She is a teacher. 


William Lewis came to Roxbury, Mass., in 1630. He returned to 
England, where he married Amy Wells. He was a brother of Edmond 
Lewis, who came over in the ship Elizabeth in 1634 and settled in 
Watertown and removed to Lynn, Mass. He was from Lynn Regis, 
England. William came to this country again and settled in Roxbury, 
where he and his wife were attendants of the Rev. John Elliott's church 
in 1640. He was admitted freeman in 1642. He was a friend and asso- 
ciate of Gov. Bellingham. In May, 1653, he sold his house lot and re- 
moved to Lancaster, Mass. Here he carried on the business of weaving. 
Here he remained and endured the trials and hardships of a frontier 
life until 1671, when he secured land in the limits of Boston to build 
upon, but was prostrated by sickness and died Dec. 3, 1671. He left a 
widow and sons, John, Christopher and Isaac ; daughters, Lydia, Mary 
and Hannah. After his death the household was broken up by an attack 
of the Indians under John Monico, a one-eyed chief of the Nipmucks, 
who killed several of the family and burned their goods. 

Jonathan Lewis, of the fourth generation from William, was born 
Dec. 6, 1708, in Dorchester, Mass., and married first, April 19, 1733, 
Hannah, daughter of John and Hannah (Fisher) Hunting of Dedham, 
by whom he had six children. He married second, Mrs. Abigail (Clappj 
Everett of Walpole, by whom he had six children. In 1771, early in the 
spring, Moses and Aaron Lewis, sons of Jonathan, went to New Boston 
and bought a farm of John Dickey. This farm was alongside of the 
farm reserved by the grantors for Col. Blanchard, and adjoining the 
Haunted Pond, now occupied by Geo. Shattuck. That year they made 
a clearing and built a log house. Sept. 24, 1772, Aaron Lewis married 
Sarah White at Stoughtonham, now Sharon, Mass. Mrs. Hezekiah 
Duncklee was Mehitable White, a sister of Mrs. Aaron Lewis, also of 
Moses White of Lyndeborough, and also of Benjamin White of Frances- 
town. They were children of Benjamin and Mary White of Dedham, 


Mass. Dec. 12, 1772, he sold his half interest in this farm to Moses 
Lewis for ,"63. On May 24, 1774, Moses Lewis sold his farm to Enoch 
Holmes of Walpole, Mass. On June i, 1774, Joseph Stiles of Lyndebor- 
ough for 45 paid by Moses Lewis sells his part of the lot the proprie- 
tors of Lyndeborough laid out to Rev. Sewall Goodrich, in the north- 
west part of the town. Dec. 28, 1791, Greenfield was incorporated and 
this farm became a part of that town, and was occupied for over 100 
years by three generations of this family. On May 6, 1780, Aaron Lewis 
bought lands in Lyndeborough, in the northwest part of the town, one 
lot of which is still known as the old Lewis place. 

DEA. AARON LEWIS was selectman in 1793 and 1794, and town 
clerk in 1809 and 1810, a deacon in the church, a man of great piety and 
a citizen honored for his integrity and uprightness of character. He 
was a soldier in the Revolutionary War (See Chap. VII), and was some- 
times called Col. Lewis. In the records of the church is this record : 
"Voted that as there is not found any record of the vote of the church, 
whereas they made choice of Brothers Samuel Houston and Aaron 
Lewis as deacons, that the present clerk record the same." Aaron was 
deacon from the election there recorded until 1830, when he removed to 
the home of his son, Amasa, in New Boston. He was the son of Jona- 
than and Abigail (Clapp Everett) Lewis, born July 3, 1750 ; died in New 
Boston, May 20, 1833; married Sept. 24, 1772, at Sharon, Mass., Sarah 
White, daughter of Benjamin and Mary White. She was born Feb. 8, 
1750, and died May 16, 1804. Children born at Lyndeborough : 

1. AARON, -f- 

2. SARAH, b. April 24, 1777, m. Ichabod Holmes and rem. to 


3. AMASA, b. May 14, 1780, d. April n, 1849, in Medford, 

Mass., m. April 16, 1807, Polly Dane of New Boston. 
Rem. to New Boston. 

4. NANCY, b. April 28, 1783, d. Aug. i, 1853, m. first, May 

22, 1806, John Elliott, by whom she had two children, 
John and Nancy. 

5. ABIGAIL, b. Jan. 4, 1787, m. April 6, 1809, Israel H. Good- 

rich, a son of Rev. Sewall and Phebe (Putnam) Goodrich. 
She d. June 30, 1821. (See Goodrich gen.) 

6. PARHELIA, b. July 7, 1789, d. Dec. 24, 1851, m. May 5, 

1819, Samuel Cressey of L/yndeborough. 

7. ASA, + 

AARON LEWIS, son of Aaron and Sarah (White) Lewis, born March 
T 9) T 775! died June 21, 1855; married in 1798, Hannah, daughter of 
Thomas and Hannah Boardman of Lyndeborough. She was born June 
29, 1776; died Nov. 20, 1865. Removed to Francestown and settled on a 
farm near the Lyndeborough line. Children born in Francestown : 

i. HANNAH, b. Aug. 19, 1800, d. Aug. 17, 1863, m. Williams 
Woodward. (See Woodward gen.) 


2. NANCY, b. Aug. 21, 1802, m. Thomas Gorton, of Eastford, 

Conn., d. May 19, 1866. 

3. ISAAC, b. July 31, 1805, m. Emily Deans of Eastford, 


4. ELIZABETH B., b. May 2, 1816, m. Leonard Duncklee of 


ASA LEWIS, son of Aaron and Sarah (White) Lewis, born Dec. 7, 
1792; died in 1831, in Baltimore, Md.; married Jan. 18, 1820, Elizabeth, 
daughter of Rev. Sewall and Phebe (Putnam) Goodrich of Lyndebor- 
ough. She was born Nov. 26, 1791, and died Jan. 14, 1866. Children 
born in Lyndeborough : 

1. NATHANIEL, b. Dec. 27, 1820, m. Sept. n, 1865, Louisa 

Worthley of Nashua. He d. Jan. 5, 1890. 

2. ELIZABETH, b. Sept. n, 1826, m. Sept. 17, 1850, Francis F. 

Kimball of Nashua. 

3. CHARLES H., b. Oct. 27, 1829, d. April 30, 1832. 

MOSES LEWIS, son of Jonathan and Hannah (Hunting) Lewis, born 
Sept. 27, 1743 ; died March 3, 1829 ; married Rebecca, daughter of 
William and Rebecca (Parker) Butterfield of Francestown, born April 
6, 1744 ; died April 29, 1830. Moses was a very pious man and always 
had family worship up to his last illness. Children born in Lyndebor- 
ough : 

1. SAMUEL, b. Dec. 25, 1776, m. Betsey Martin of Frances- 

town. She was b. June 28, 1779, d. May 29, 1841, in 
Greenfield. He d. March n, 1860. Rem. to Greenfield. 

2. REBECCA, b. April 28, 1779, d. Feb. 16, 1867, m. 1806, 

Robert Martin of Francestown. 

3. L/YDIA, b. Feb. 17, 1783, d. Jan. 5, 1869, at Rindge, m. 

Ezekiel Cudworth of Greenfield. 


GEORGE D. LONG born Feb. 2, 1856; married Nov. 30, 1893, Lizzie, 
daughter of Robert and Abby (Raymond) Bell. She was born March 3, 
1875. He came from Stoneham, Mass. Is a blacksmith and worked in 
a shop at the " centre " for a while. Later built a shop near William B. 
Raymond's house. Children : 

1. GEORGE R., b. Sept. n, 1894. 

2. NELLIE E., b. March 30, 1896. 

3. WILLIAM H., b. Nov. 10, 1897. 

4. EDWARD A., b. Aug. 27, 1900. 


JOHN LOWE, born at Boston, April 25, 1796; married May 22, 1825, 
Jemima II. Hopkins of Wellfleet, Mass. She was born Jan. 15, 1801 ; died 


July 7, 1884. He lived on Putnam Hill, east of South Lyndeborough 
village, on the place now occupied as the summer residence of George C. 
Lawrence. Children : 

1. MARY E., b. at Dedham, Mass., April 12, 1826, d. April 29, 


2. HARRIET E., b. Aug. 20, 1827, at Dedham, Mass., m. 

Charles Henry Holt, d. Aug. 8, 1880. (See Holt gen.) 


ISAAC LOWE, son of Simon and Charlotte (Parker) Lowe; born in 
Greenfield Aug. 15, 1828; married Almira L-, daughter of Thomas and 
Betsey (Holt) Kidder, July 8, 1858. She was born Dec. 13, 1832. He 
came to Lyndeborough in 1852. 


Mrs. Anna M., widow of Frederic N. Lowe, came to Lyndeborough and 
settled in Perham Corner. She was born in Lempster Oct. 14, 1831. 
Most of her children have resided in Lyndeborough. Children : 

1. GEORGE C., b. in Greenfield Aug. 30, 1854, d. Oct., 1855. 

2. EVERETT E., + 

3. FRED N., -f 

4. ELLSWORTH A., b. in Greenfield, April 13, 1860; is a ma- 

chinist and res. in Oregon City, Ore. 

5. GEORGE F., b. in Greenfield, March ~io, 1862, m. Ida S. 

Kidder of Francestown, April 5, 1887. 

EVERETT E. LOWE, son of Frederick N. and Anna (Messenger) 
Lowe ; born at Windsor May 10, 1856; married March 26, 1895, Emily M. 
daughter of Augustus B. and Van Lora (Nott) Kimball of Hillsborough. 
She was born Sept. i, 1872. Lives on the Austin place in Perham Corner. 
Was selectman in 1882, 1883 and 1884. Is a farmer and largely engaged 
in other lines of business. In late years he has been one of the heaviest 
buyers of apples in this section. Is agent for some of the leading makes 
of farm machinery, and is an energetic business man. Children, born in 
Lyndeborough : 

1. GRACE M., b. Feb. 13, 1896. 

2. L/EON E., b. May 17, 1898. 

3. MARION G., b. Aug. 28, 1900. 

FRED N. LOWE, son of Frederick N. and Anna (Messenger) Lowe ; 
born at Washington, Feb. 3, 1858 ; married Lucie A., daughter of Henry 
H. and Nancy M. Nichols. She was born July 17, 1870, at Bradford. 
Children : 

1. FRIEDA A., b. at L/yndeborough March 8, 1893. 

2. CLARA J., b. at Goshen May 29, 1895. 

3. ELVA E. b. at Goshen Aug. 2, 1898. 



LUKE A. LUCAS was born in Thetford, Vt., Jan. 24, 1809 ; married 
Mary C. Holt, daughter of Eli and Pamelia Holt of Lyndeborough, Nov. 
I4 1837. She was born May 20, 1814; died March 21, 1871. He died 
Aug. 4, 1887. He bought the farm since generally known as the Lucas 
place. Children : 

1. M. GERTRUDE, b. in Winooski/, Vt.; m. Benjamin F. Holt. 

(See Holt gen.) 

2. FLORENCE M., b. in Cavendish, Vt., July 16, 1847, d. 

March 5, 1849. 

3. EMMA L,., b. in L/yndeborough July i, 1851, m. George P. 

Bennett of New Boston, N. H., Dec. 24, 1868. Child: 
George W. 

4. CORNELIA A., b. in Winooski, Vt., June 13, 1855, m. 

Charles H. Swain of Nashua, N. H., Nov. 8, 1876. Chil- 
dren : Harrison T. and Helen D. 


ROBERT K. LYNCH, born in New Boston, June 6, 1829 ; married Dec. 
25, 1851, Betsey A., daughter of Eli and Sarah (Loring) Curtis. She was 
born May 5, 1827; died July 24, 1902. He died April 20, 1892. Chil- 
dren : 

1. L/ILLIAN V., b. Aug. 30, 1863, m. Aaron W. Russell. (See 

Russell gen.) 

2. HERBERT S. C., b. Sept. 5, 1870. 

JOHN H. LYNCH, born at New Boston, June 29, 1830; married Jan. 
i, 1857, Adaline R., adopted daughter of Levi H. Woodward of Lynde- 
borough. She was born Oct. 31, 1839, at Wilmington, Mass.; died May 
u, 1892. He married second, June 29, 1893, Henrietta K. Hardy of Wil- 
ton. She was born Sept. 26, 1843. He died Nov. 29, 1900. Children by 
first wife, born at Lyndeborough : 

1. JOHN C., b. May 5, 1858, res. at Plymouth, Mass. 

2. FRANK H., b. Oct. 4, 1862, d. Oct. 8, 1894. 


SAMUEL THOMPSON MANNING was born in Deering, N. H., 
March 13, 1805 ; married Almira Gove of Deering May 23, 1830. She was 
born June 20, 1808. They came to Lyndeborough in 1831. He kept a 
general store at the Centre from 1831 to 1835. He held several town 
offices and was on the building committee when the present church and 
town hall were erected. He also represented the town in the legislature. 
He removed to Lowell in 1846, where he was prominent and influential in 
business circles and municipal affairs. He died Jan. 3, 1892, aged eighty- 
seven years. Children, born in Lyndeborough : 


1. MARY J., b. July 17, 1832, m. Bradford Marvel of lyowell, 


2. CLARA A., b. Oct. 27, 1834, m. first, David Hyde of Ix>well, 

m. second, Charles E. Abbott of Maiden, Mass. 

3. SARAH F., b. Oct. 23, 1837, m. Atwell F. Wright of Lowell, 



JACOB MANNING was of the fifth generation from William Manning, 
who came from England in 1630, and settled in Cambridge, Mass., as ap- 
pears by the records. William Manning, a grandson of William of Cam- 
bridge, removed to Billerica, Mass., in 1700. His children were Williami 
Jacob, Elizabeth, Mary, Sarah, Rachel, Martha, Hannah. 

Jacob, second son of William of Billerica, married Martha Beard, and 
his children were Isaac, Thomas, David, Jacob, Daniel, Mary, Martha and 

Jacob Manning, Jr., married Sarah Butterfield, and with his son Asa 
came to Lyndeborough and jointly purchased a farm of John Orne in 
Johnson's Corner for and in consideration of twenty-seven hundred dol- 
lars. They took possession of the property March 31, 1806. Jacob 
started for Lexington and Concord April 19, 1775, but on account of the 
distance arrived too late for the fight, but he was one of the number of 
immortal patriots at Bunker Hill, so the Mannings are of good Revolu- 
tionary stock. He was killed by being thrown from a load of hay July 
16, 1808. His wife died Jan. 21, 1831. Children : 

1. ASA, + 

2. JACOB. 



ASA MANNING, born Sept. 23, 1780, in Billerica, Mass.; married 
Olive Spaulding of Billerica, Mass., July 7, 1803. She died Nov. 24, 1844. 
He died June 2, 1853. Soon after the death of his father Asa erected the 
buildings on the farm where Willis Perham formerly lived in Johnson's 
Corner. He was a selectman a number of years, and represented the 
town in the legislature in 1842, 1843 an d 1844. He sold the farm in John- 
son's Corner in 1837, and bought the Jones place in North Lyndeborough. 
Children : 

1. OLIVE, b. June 3, 1805, in Billerica, Mass., d. Feb. 12, 1812, 

of spotted fever. 

2. SARAH, b. July u, 1807, in Lyndeborough, d. Feb. 12, 1812, 

of spotted fever. 

3 and 4. ASA and SHEREBIAH (twins), b. July 10, 1809. Shere- 
biah d. Dec. 15, 1810. Asa rem. to the West and d. there. 

5. OLIVE, b. March 25, 1812, m. Seth Fuller, March 10, 1836. 

They rem. to Greenville, 111., where she d. Jan. 7, 1842. 
Children : Olive, Theresa, Henry I,. 


6. SHEREBIAH, -f- 

7. JOSEPH, -f 

8. LYDIA W., b. Jan. 10, 1821, m. Sept. 20, 1848, Ephraim W. 

Woodward. (See Woodward gen.) 

9. SARAH J., b. Nov. 4, 1822, m. John H. Whitney of Ludlow, 

Vt., June 5, 1846. Child : Belle S. 

SHEREBIAH MANNING, born Jan. 3, 1817; married June 3, 1841, 
Julia A. Duncklee, daughter of Hezekiah and Anna (Bachelder) Dunck- 
lee. She was born Oct. 21, 1812 ; died April 22, 1888. Mr. Manning took 
an active part in the affairs of the town and an earnest interest in its wel- 
fare. He was a devoted and consistent member of the Congregational 
church. In the lyceums and social life of the community he took great 
interest and did his share in supporting them. He represented his town 
in the legislature in 1851, and was one of the selectmen-in 1850. He re- 
moved to Mont Vernon and thence to New Boston, where he died, Oct. 
30, 1895. Children born in Lyndebo rough : 

1. HENRY A., b. Oct. 31, 1845. 

2. JUUE ANNA, b. Aug. 20, 1857. 

JOSEPH MANNING, born July 19, 1819; married Louisa Ormsbee. 
He was a carriage manufacturer, and early moved to Michigan. He was 
mayor of Owosso, Mich., at one time. He died Nov. 6, 1886. Children : 
Joseph W., Helen L., Lydia C. 


JOEL MANWELL and Phebe, his wife, were probably the original 
settlers on the land now known as the Lucas place. The town records 
place them very early in the history of Lyndeborough. Children born 
in Lyndeborough : 

1. ISAAC, b. Nov. 25, 1767. 

2. SARAH, b. March 30, 1770. 

3. HANNAH, b. Nov. 9, 1771. 

4. PHEBE, b. July 13, 1773. 

5. JUDAH, b. Sept. 21, 1777. 

6. MOSES, b. May 3, 1780. 


JAMES MARSHALL, son of Joseph and Mary (Archer) Burton 
Marshall, married May 13, 1833, Abigail, daughter of William and 
Eunice (Cram) Abbott. She was born Jan. 26, 1814. He died May 13, 
1840. Children : 

1. JOHN, b. Feb. 16, 1834. Lost at sea. 

2. ALMIRA E., b. Jan. 20, 1836, d. July, 1837. 

3. ANDREW J., + 

4. MARY E., b. Aug. 20, 1840, d. Sept. 9, 1849. 


ANDREW J. MARSHALL, son of James and Abigail (Abbott) 
Marshall, born May 5, 1838; married first, July 4, 1866, Rose Bliven, 
daughter of John Bliven of Oxford, N. Y. She was born Jan. i, 1851 ; 
married second, Effie M., daughter of Leonard G. and Nancy (Carkin) 
Brown of Lyndeborough , Feb. i, 1881. She was born Jan. 25, 1863. He 
was a soldier in the Civil War. (See Chapter X.) He died March 23, 
1902. Children by first wife : 

1. CHARLES E., b. in McDonough, N. Y., Feb. 27, 1868, d. 

March 10, 1873. 

2. ADDIE, b. in McDonough, N. Y., March 28, 1870, d. March 

14, 1880. 

3. ALICE P., b. in Lyndeborough, Aug. 7, 1874, m. Sept. 7, 

1897, Seymour C. Hard of East Arlington, Vt. Res. 
there. Children : Mederic and Gordon. 


ROBERT C. MASON, son of Lewis and Margaret (Colburn) Mason, 
born June 14, 1850, at Hinchin Brook, Province of Quebec ; married 
Sept. 21, 1873, Mary J., daughter of Nathan and Mary A. (Whitcomb) 
Cummings of South Gardner, Mass. She was born Feb. 4, 1853. He 
came to Lyndeborough in 1886 and bought the Jesse Simonds place on 
the mountain. He had previously been employed in the mills at 
Manchester as wool inspector. He was supervisor of check lists for one 
or two terms. Children : 

i. & 2. Curtis P. and ROBERT I,., (twins), b. Nov. n, 1874. 
Robert I,, d. March 18, 1875. Curtis P. m. May 17, 1899, 
Imogene, dau. of Rodney and Josephine (Edwards) Ed- 
monds of Wakefield, Mass. She was b. Aug. 29, 1876. 
Children: Lewis R., b. June 24, 1900, d. Jan. 2, 1901; 
Chester C,, b. March 27, 1905. 

3. & 4. JENNIE V. and ALBERT C. (twins), b. Aug. 23, 1876. 
Jennie V. m. Nov. 24, 1898, Charles F. Tirrell of Quincy, 
Mass. Child : Philip M., b. Feb. 18, 1900. Albert C. m. 
Jan. 9, 1901, Ida I/., dau. of Emery and Ella (Russell) 
Holt. She was born May 26, 1881. 

5. ROBERT C., b. July 10, 1890. 


GEORGE S. MCALLISTER came from Nashua, N. H., May i, 1873; 
moved on the David K. Holt place in Perham Corner ; born in Antrim, 
N. H., Feb. 5, 1822; married first, Martha A. Ferson of Francestown, 
June 9, 1850. She was born April 14, 1835 ; died Dec. 18, 1867. He mar- 
ried second, Ellen Pollard of Nashua, N. H., born Dec. 7, 1832. He died 
March 22, 1904. Child by first wife : 

i. GEORGE F., b. in Bristol, N. H., Jan. 9, 1858. 


Child by second wife : 

2. I,ULU E., b. Sept. 6, 1874, m. Elmer B. Parker. (See 
Parker gen.) 


The Mclntires of Lyndeborough are of Scotch-Irish origin, descend- 
ants of Phillip Mclntire, who was born in Scotland in 1633, and came to 
North Reading, Mass., in 1650, probably with the Scotch prisoners of war 
banished by Cromwell. He was married Sept. 6, 1666, and had a son 
David, who married Martha Graves in 1712. Their son, David, Jr., mar- 
ried Margaret Buxton of Middleton, Mass., and was the father of Elias 
Sr., who married for his first wife Bethiah Hayward of Andover, Mass., 
and for his second wife a Miss Underwood, by whom he had eight chil- 
dren. Elias, Jr., only son of Elias Sr., and Bethiah (Hayward) Mclntire, 
being very young when his mother died, was brought up in the family of 
Nathaniel Tay, an uncle by marriage. He was born Nov. 24, 1782 ; mar- 
ried Elizabeth Buxton of North Reading, Mass., April 3, 1806. She was 
born June 8, 1786, and died April 22, 1866. Her father, Stephen Buxton, 
of North Reading, Mass., marched to Concord and Lexington in John 
Bachellor's company, and he soon afterward enlisted in the same com- 
pany as private, and served three years and fourteen days in the Revolu- 
tionary army. 

After marriage Mr. Mclntire removed to Fitchburg, Mass., thence to 
Nelson, N. H., thence to Amherst, N. H., coming to Lyndeborough Jan. 
i, 1820, where he bought the Kidder place, so called. This place is on 
what was then the main road from Nashua to Greenfield, Hancock and 
the upper towns. He opened a tavern, and as prohibitory laws were then 
unknown, he did a thriving business. The old sign which hung from a 
stout post in front of the house is still in existence, and bears the inscrip- 
tion, " Elias Mclntire E. Pluribus Unum, 1820." It was a favorite stopping 
place for teamsters going and coming, but when the so-called Forest road 
was completed and the stage route changed, its patronage ceased, and Mr. 
Mclntire soon gave up the business and devoted his time wholly to farm- 
ing. He was a man much respected in the community, of strong relig- 
ions convictions, and a devout member of the Congregational church, as 
was his wife. He died Aug. 3, 1879, at the advanced age of ninety-six 
years. Children : 

1. CAROLINE E., b. at Reading, Mass., April n, 1810, m. 

Zephaniah Kittredge of Mont Vernon, N. H., March 19, 
1840, d. Aug. 4, 1878. 

2. ELIAS H., b. Aug. 24, 1814, at Amherst, m. Clarinda Mulle- 

kin of Manchester, N. H., Aug. 24, 1842, d. July 16, 1875. 

3. PHEBE J., born at Nelson, N. H., March 12, 1818, m. Ama- 

ziah Wood of Manchester, N. H., March 9, 1844, d. Aug. 
18, 1845. 

4. RACHEL T., born at Nelson, N. H., Sept. 15, 1819, m. Mark 

Todd of New Boston, N. H., Feb. 17, 1846, d. Jan. n, 




6. HARVEY G., b. at Lyndeborough, July 2, 1824, m. Margaret 

McCrillis of Goshen, N. H., April 6, 1848, rem. to Goshen, 
thence to Concord, N. H., where he d. May 2, 1892. He 
was a noted physician. 

DBA. NATHANIEL T. McINTIRE, born Nov. 26, 1822, m. Elizabeth 
Bruce of Mont Vernon, N. H., April 12, 1848. She was born April 24, 
1825 ; died Feb. 2, 1903. He has held for long terms of years many posi- 
tions of honor and trust in town. A man of strict honesty and integrity, 
he has always enjoyed the entire confidence of the community. As clerk 
and treasurer of the Congregational church he long managed its finances. 
He was town treasurer fifteen years and president of the local insurance 
company during most of its existence. He has also held other town 
office ; resides on the homestead farm. Children, all born in Lyndebor- 
ough : 

1. MARY C., b. Feb. 28, 1851, m. Jay M. Gleason, June, 1874, 

res. at Mt. Vernon, N. H. Children : Ernest, Marian. 

2. Lois E., b. Oct. n, 1854. 

3. HERBERT B., b. July 3, 1857, graduate of Dartmouth Col- 

lege, 1 88 1, and of the medical school of the University of 
New York, m. Ida B. Woodward of Marlborough, N. H., 
June 27, 1883. Is a physician and res. at Cambridge, 
Mass. Child : Ruth. 


JOSEPH MELENDY, born March, 1772 ; died Aug. 12, 1863. Lived 
in Lyndeborough at one time and the cellar hole where his house stood 
is south of George W. Parker's, Perham Corner. He was twice married. 
He removed to Wilton. Joseph, a son by his first wife, lived for a few 
years in Lyndeborough, but most of his life was spent in Wilton. He 
was born Oct. 10, 1799; married Jan. 13, 1823, Susan P. Mantes of Mil- 
ford. He died Jan. 16, 1847. Abigail, a daughter of Joseph Melendy, 
married April, 1828, Joseph, son of Oliver and Anna (Pierce) Perham. 

ALBERT B. MELENDY, son of Joseph and Susan (Mantes) Me- 
lendy, born Aug. 16, 1830; married May 24, 1855, Rowena J. Buxton. 
Children : 

1. AUGUSTUS A., -}- 

2. FLORA A., b. Dec. 12, 1857, d. July 5, 1877. 

3. IDA S., b. Sept. 9, 1860. 

4. FRED H., b. April 18, 1863. 

5. HARRY A., b. Jan. 24, 1868. 

AUGUSTUS A. MELENDY, son of Albert B. and Rowena (Buxton) 
Melendy, born April 14, 1856; married June 19, 1884, Ada M., daughter 
of Charles and Lydie M. (Winslow) Lothrop. Her mother was a daugh- 


ter of a soldier of the War of 1812, and a grand-daughter of a Revolu- 
tionary soldier. Ada M. was born May 6, 1856. He is a successful 
farmer and resides on the Andrew Harwood place, Perham Corner 
Child : 

i. RUBY ROWENA, b. Nov, 10, 1892. 


REV. NATHANIEL MERRILL, son of Thomas and Sarah (Friend) 
Merrill, born Dec. 4, 1782, at Rowley, now Georgetown, Mass. He 
married Betsey Carpenter of Norwich, Vt., Jan. 22, 1812. He died at 
Georgetown, Mass., July 4, 1839. (For biographical sketch see P. 294.) 
Children : 

1. ALMON C., b. Nov. 19, 1812. 

2. REV. JAMES H., b. Oct. 16, 1814. 

3. HARRIET, b. April 6, 1817. 

4. SARAH, b. March 22, 1819. 

5. NATHANIEL, b. April 6, 1821. 


JAMES W. MERRILL came to Lyndeborough from Antrim, in 1880, 
and bought the Manley Kidder place, North Lyndeborough. He was 
born at Searsport, Me. ; married Hattie E. Tucker of Boston, Mass. 
She died Feb. 4, 1891. He is a carpenter by trade. Children : 

1. JAMES W., JR., b. at Somerville, Mass., July 22, 1870, d. 

Jan. 20, 1894. 

2. WII^ARD N., -f- 

3. FRED, b. Oct. 4, 1874, at Somerville, Mass. 

4. GEORGE W., b. Feb. 22, 1876, at Somerville, Mass., m 

I^illian Gokey, Feb. 25, 1900. Children : Walter J., b. 
July 5, 1900; Kenneth, b. Feb. 17, 1902. 

5. SAMUEL T., b. Sept. 7, 1880, at Antrim, d. May 9. 1898. 

6. HATTIE E., b. at L/yndeborough, Jan. 22, 1891. 

WILLARD N. MERRILL, son of James M. and Hattie E. (Tucker) 
Merrill, born Sept. 22, 1872, at Somerville, Mass.; married March 28, 
1893, Carrie M. Holt of Antrim, b. Oct. 21, 1874. Children : 

1. GRACE K., b. June 24, 1893. 

2. PERCY J., b. July 29, 1895. 

3. EDITH M., b. Nov. 25, 1898. 

4. ARTHUR F., b. May 17, 1901. 


BENJAMIN B. MILLER came to Lyndeborough from Sutton, N. H.; 
born July 20, 1826; married Nancy Boutwell of Amherst June 26, 1856. 
She was born March n, 1824, and is living at the date of this writing. 


Although of advanced years, her memory of events in Lyndeborough in 
the old days is very clear, and she is one of the few left who remember 
the former generation of Lyndeborough people. He died July 26, 1858. 
Child : - 

i. GEORGIA A., b. Feb. 6, 1857. 


JOHN CLARK MILLER, son of Eliphalet and Mary (Clark) Miller; 
born at Frankfort, Me., Dec. 21, 1831. He came to Lyndeborough March 
31, 1893, and bought a farm west of South Lyndeborough. He married 
first, Mercy M. Wood of Anson, Me., in 1857. They had one daughter, 
Sarah May Miller, born Nov. 19, 1863. (See Cheever gen.) He married 
second, Susan Mclntyre of Damariscotta, Me., Oct. 21, 1866; married 
third, Mrs. Annie M. Florentine of Taunton, Mass., June 5, 1901. Mrs. 
Florentine had one daughter by her first marriage, Eugenie Beatrice, born 
Aug. 7, 1887. 


Cyrus Moore born in Sharon, N. H., June 20, 1805 ; married Harriet M. 
Kidder, daughter of Ephraim and Martha (Karr) Kidder, Oct. 22, 1839. 
She was born Aug. n, 1821 ; died Jan. 21, 1894. He died Dec. 28, 1856. 
Child : - 

i. HARRIET A., b. in Sharon, N. H., Nov. 12, 1845. 
FRED, b. Nov. n, 1866. 


MARK E. MORSE, son of Daniel and Hannah (Huntington) Morse; 
born in Francestown Oct. 22, 1843 ; married Jan. 30, 1871, Sarah E., 
daughter of Oliver and Sally (Savage) Harris. She was born at Frances- 
town Aug. 3, 1840. He died Jan. i, 1904. Children : 

1. HARRY H., -j- 

2. ADDIE, b. Sept. 29, 1879, d. Jan. 23, 1904. 

HARRY H. MORSE, son of Mark E. and Sarah (Harris) Morse ; born 
July 7, 1872 ; married Nov. 5, 1895, Alice R., daughter of William L. and 
Temperance (Cutts) Needham. She was born July 24, 1856. Child : 

i. CLARENCE E., b. Oct. 23, 1897. 


GEORGE MURCH, son of James and Mary (Jameson) Murch ; born 
at Castine, Me., Nov. 7, 1843; married Feb. 17, 1886, Isabelle, daughter of 
Joseph and Jane (Webb) Parmenter of China, Me. She was born Feb. 
14, 1846. He came to Lyndeborough from Lowell, Mass., and resided at 
the Artemas Woodward place for a number of years. He was a soldier in 
the Civil War. 

WILLIAM L. NEEDHAM, born in Hollis, N. H., June 29, 1823; died 


Sept. 13, 1873 ; married June 13, 1848, Temperance Cutts of Goshen, N.H. 
She was born Oct. 4, 1816. Children : 

1. WARREN F., b. July 9, 1851, d. March 8, 1895. 

2. HANNAH M., b. April i, 1854, d. July 3, 1862. 

3. ALICE R., b. July 24, 1856, m. Harry H. Morse. (See 

Morse gen.) 

4. ADDIE Iy., b. Feb. 6, 1859, d. March 26, 1874. 


JOHN NEWELL settled in Lyndeborough and was a miller where the 
Colburn, or Buttrick, mill is. But little information is available about 
him. It is said of him that he ran a circular saw for over fifty years and 
never received an injury sufficient to draw blood. He was the first in- 
ventor of the spiral wire spring bed, and has invented or aided in per- 
fecting many useful articles. He married first, Dec. 14, 1847, Eliza J., 
daughter of John and Sally (Tinker) Gage. She was born Feb. 24, 1832 ; 
died Aug. 18, 1856. He married second, Jan. 25, 1854, Harriet Gage, a sis- 
ter of his first wife. She was born Feb. 3, 1820; died July 3, 1874. Chil- 
dren by first wife : 

1. ELIZA J., b. Nov. 24, 1850, m. Aug. 22, 1866, Charles H. 

L,ee, res. at Hancock. 

2. CHARLES M., d. Aug. 2, 1853. 
Children by second wife : 


4. IDA B. 


WILLIAM E. NICHOLS, son of John W. and Lavisa (Allard) Nichols ; 
born Jan. 23, 1873; married March 14, 1900, Florence A., daughter of 
Henry H. and Deborah J. (Smith) Joslin. She was born March 18, 1883. 
Children : 

1. FLORENCE E., b. March 21, 1901. 

2, JOHN W., b. Oct. n, 1902. 


JOHN ORDWAY, born Sept. 27, 1736; died at Lyndeborough, April 

13, 1827; married Mary . She was born Aug. 15, 1736; died at 

Lyndeborough, Sept. u, 1817. He was the first of the Ordway family to 
come to Lyndeborough. He settled on the mountain on land which is 
now the farms known as the Moses Chenery place, where Charles J. Cum- 
mings now lives, and the Pratt place, now owned by David G. Dickey. 
Afterward the family bought the land now generally known as the Ord- 
way place. 

It is probable that John Ordway was twice married, and that there 
were children by the second marriage. Huse Karr married Sally Ord- 
way, and she was probably a descendant of a child by the second mar- 


riage. We have tried in vain to find some more complete record of this 
first of the Ordway family of Lyndeborough. He was undoubtedly one 
of the very earliest settlers on the Mountain side. Children : 

1. TIMOTHY, -}- 

2. JAMES, -f 

3. FANNIE, b. Sept. 3, 1771, d. 1858. 

4. AMOS, b. Feb. 20, 1773. 

5. ENOCH. 

6. MOSES. 


8. JOHN, b. March 7, 1778. 

Enoch Ordway, 2nd, married June 29, 1824, Hannah Whit- 
ing, both of kyndeborough. 

TIMOTHY ORDWAY, son of John and Mary Ordway, born Nov. 22, 

1767 ; married Phebe ; born Nov. 13, 1765. He died March 20, 

1853. She died Jan. 10, 1851. Children: 

1. ENOCH, b. Aug. 5, 1794, d. May 15, 1833. 

2. TIMOTHY, -(- 

3. PHEBE, b. June 27, 1802. 

4. JONATHAN I., b. Jan. 6, 1810, d. Feb. 5, 1829. 

TIMOTHY ORDWAY, son of Timothy and Phebe , born Oct. 

25, 1796; married March 23, 1824, Susan, daughter of William and Jane 
(Quigley) McAlvin of Francestown. She was born May 28, 1798 ; died 
Jan. 17, 1879. He died March 10, 1882. Children : 

1. MARY ELIZABETH, b. June 28, 1824, d. March 22, 1897. 

2. PHEBE JANE, b. May 28, 1826, m. Charles Woodward. 

(See Woodward gen.) 

3. MOSES G. W., b. Aug. 26, 1829, d. Feb. 27, 1852. 

4. MARTHA ANNA, b. April 4, 1831. 

5. JOHN C., -f- 

6. WIGWAM, b. Oct. 8, 1837, m. Olive Mansfield. 

7. JAMES, b. Feb. 22, 1840. 
Walter Ordway, b. July 29, 1850. 

Mary Jane Ordway, b. Oct. 26, 1865, m. G. H. Hodkin. 

Res. at Temple. 
Josie Ordway, b. June 28, 1867. 

JOHN C. ORDWAY, son of Timothy and Susan (McAlvin) Ordway, 
born Nov. 18, 1834; married Oct. 18, 1860, Phebe A., daughter of William 
and Ann B. (Pierce) Metcalf of Medford, Mass. She was born July 25, 
1840. After his marriage he lived for a time on the homestead farm, and 
later bought the Bixby or Farrington place at the centre. In 1886 he re- 
moved to Milford. Children : 


1. WILLIS E., b. April 19, 1865, m. Jan. 25, 1897, Mrs. Nellie 

Gibbard of Winchendon, Mass. Works for the Charles 
Blake Piano Co. Res. at Roxbury, Mass. 

2. NELLIE B., b. Dec. 12, 1867, m. April 29, 1886, Ernest B. 

Peabody of Milford. Two children : Hazel A. and Helen N. 

3. L/ENA G., b. Jan. 20, 1883. 

JAMBS ORDWAY, son of John and Mary Ordway; born Sept. 27, 
1769; married Dec. 22, 1791, Sarah, daughter of Rev. Sewall and Phebe 
(Putnam) Goodrich. She was born Jan. 18, 1772; died July 9, 1852. He 
died Sept. 13, 1804. Children : 

1. SEWALL G., b. Dec. 28, 1796. 

2. JOHN, b. Jan. 22, 1800. 


ROBERT B. OSGOOD, born April 13, 1792; married Aug. 24, 1814, 
Susannah Senter of Lyndeborough. She was born June 29, 1792 ; died 
March n, 1883. He died Sept. 28, 1870. Mr. Osgood lived for many 
years on a small farm a few rods west of the Nathan Richardson place. 
He was a soldier in the War of 1812. He was a one-armed man, and 
much given to fishing the trout brooks of the town. He was an expert 
in that sport and was successful where others failed. Children : 

1. DAVID W., b. June 12, 1818, d. Feb. 6, 1891. 

2. ELIZABETH A., b. Sept. 4, 1822, d. Nov. 21, 1844. 

3. MARY A., b. April 16, 1826, m. Edwin Willoby of Milford, 

d. Aug. 16, 1882. 

4. SUSAN M., b. May 2, 1828, m. Gardner Bowen. 

5. ANSON A., b. Sept. 20, 1831. Was a soldier in the Civil 

War. Res. in Hudson, N. H: 


CAPT. ASA PALMER came from Pelham, N. H., in 1812, and settled 
on a farm at North Lyndeborough. He was born Aug. 2, 1773 ; died 
Aug. 24, 1851 ; married Mary Fletcher of Pelham, May 12, 1802. She 
was born Sept. 20, 1780; died July 25, 1857. Children : 

1. DAVID F., b. in Pelham, Feb. 27, 1803, d. June 30, 1868. 

He was pastor of Royal Oak Presbyterian Church in 
Marion, Va., for twenty-four years. 

2. ASA, b. in Pelham, Oct. 22, 1804, m. Mary A. Dow. 

3. EBEN, + 

4. THERON, -f- 

5. WILLIAM H., b. in Pelham, m. Eliza Newhall. 

6. JOSEPH B., b. in L/yndeborough, June 12, 1813, d. Oct. i, 


7. MOSES, b. in L/yndeborough, Nov. 28, 1815, d. in infancy. 


8. CHARLES, b. in Lyndeborough, April 7, 1817, m. Caroline 


9. MARY E., b. in Lyndeborough, April 15, 1820, m. John 

McLaughlin. Res. in Claremont. 

10. MOSES, b. in Lyndeborough, March 21, 1826, d. in infancy. 

EBEN PALMER, son of Asa and Mary (Fletcher) Palmer, born in 
Pelham, N. H., Feb. 7, 1807 ; married Sarah J., daughter of Nehemiah 
and Elizabeth (Jones) Boutwell of Lyndeborough, Jan. 31, 1839. She 
was born July 15, 1818; died Jan. 30, 1841. He died March 16, 1849. 
Child : - 

i. EBEN J., b. in Lyndeborough. Was a soldier in the Civil 
War and d. at Baton Rogue, La., June 30, 1863. (See 
Chap. X.) 

THERON PALMER, son of Asa and Mary (Fletcher) Palmer, born in 
Pelham, Feb. 25, 1809; died March 12, 1879; married Nov. 21, 1837, 
Hannah, daughter of Isaiah and Deborah (Clark) Parker. She was born 
in Lyndeborough, July 4, 1813; died Feb. 20, 1841. They removed to 
Salem, Mass. Child: 

i. THERON, b. in Lyndeborough, d. April i, 1841. 


JONATHAN PARKER settled at North Lyndeborough on what is 
known as the "tavern stand," where George Barnes now lives. He 
married Hannah Clark, daughter of Maj. Peter Clark of Revolutionary 
fame. Little can be learned about him. There were several children 
born to them but there is record of only one, Willard, who was born in 
Lyndeborough, Sept. 2, 1800. He became a very noted surgeon, was 
graduated at Harvard College *in 1826, commenced the study of medr 
cine under John C. Warren in Harvard University, and received the 
degree of M.D. in 1830. He was appointed professor of anatomy in the 
Vermont Medical College. In 1836 he was appointed professor of sur- 
gery in the Cincinnati Medical College, and afterward spent some time 
in the hospitals of London and Paris. In 1839, he became professor of 
surgery in the College of Physicians and Surgeons in New York City, 
which place he resigned after a service of 30 years. In 1865, he was 
elected president of the New York State Inebriate Asylum at Binghamton, 
succeeding the celebrated Dr. Valentine Mott. In 1870 he received the 
degree of LL. D. from Princeton College. He died April 25, 1884. 

ISAIAH PARKER, born in Chelmsford, Mass., March 31, 1778. Came 
to Lyndeborough in 1807 ; married Deborah Clark, daughter of Maj. 
Peter Clark, Dec. 2, 1801. She was born May 30, 1782 ; died Nov. 2, 
1857. He died June 22, 1859. Children : 

1. DEBORAH, b. in Chelmsford, Mass., April u, 1803. Thrown 

from a wagon and killed Dec. 13, 1827. 

2. CHARLES, + 


3. ELMIRA, b. in L/yndeborough, July 17, 1808, d. Feb. 4, 


4. HANNAH, b. in L/yndeborough, July 4, 1813, m. Theron 

Palmer of Lyndeborough, Nov. 21, 1837. Rem. to Salem, 
Mass., d. Feb. 20, 1841. 

5. ANNA, b. in Lyndeborough, March 15, 1816, d. April 4, 


CHARLES PARKER, son of Isaiah and Deborah (Clark) Parker, was 
born May 24, 1805 ; married first, Abigail W. Jones, daughter of Benja- 
min and Chloe (Farrington) Jones, Oct. 18, 1827. She was born Aug. 15, 
1804 ; died Sept. 8, 1846. Married second, Eliza A. Fuller, daughter of 
Andrew and Hannah (Chenery) Fuller, Feb. 10, 1848. She was born 
Dec. 7, 1825 ; died July 19, 1900, at Manchester, N. H. He lived on the 
turnpike road where H. D. Gage now lives. He was representative to 
the General Court in 1855. Children, all born in Lyndeborough : 

1. CHARLES H., b. Oct. 15, 1829, d. Sept. i, 1853. 

2. ISAIAH C., b. March 25, 1832. Was in U. S. Navy during 

the Civil War. Res. in the west. 

3. HANNAH D., b. Dec. i, 1834, m. William W. Curtis of 

Lyndeborough. (See Curtis gen.) 

4. ANN M., b. Feb. 21, 1843, d. Nov. 12, 1843. 
Children by second wife : 

5. MINA M., b. Dec. 16, 1850, d. March 22, 1853. 

6. GEORGE H., b. Aug. 10, 1854. Res. in Manchester, N. H. 


JOSIAH M. PARKER came to Lyndeborough from Amherst, N. H., 
in 1856, and settled on the farm Lot 19 in "Perhatn Corner." He was 
born in Hollis, Sept. 20, 1804 ; died Aug. 10, i885 ; married Maria Cash 
of Amherst. She was born Oct. 9, 1809. Children, all born in Am- 
herst : 

1. SARAH M., b. October, 1834. 

2. EDMUND J., -|- 

3. ABBIE R., b. April 25, 1839, m. Harvey Perham. (See 

Perham gen.) 

4. JOHN T., + 

5. ADDIE M., b. August, 1841. 

6. GEORGE W., + 

7. AMELIA L., b. April, 1844, d. Dec. 6, 1859. 

EDMUND J. PARKER, son of Josiah and Maria (Cash) Parker, born 
Jan. 16, 1834 ; married first, Lizzie Howe of Nashua, Jan. 20, 1869. She 
was born Dec. 23, 1846 ; died July 26, 1872 ; married second, Lydia Coffin 
of Nashua, N. H., May 6, 1873. She was born Aug. 26, 1845. He 
was a soldier in the Civil War. (See Chap. X.) Children: Myrtie A., 
Gary E. 


JOHN T. PARKER, son of Josiah and Maria (Cash) Parker, born 
June 29, 1837 ; married first, Rhoda Brown of Auburn, N. H., Nov. 28, 
1867. She was born Dec. 6, 1840; died Jan. 3, 1869; married second, 
Sarah Smith of Milford, N. H., June 2, 1869. She was born June 26, 
1849. Children born in Lyndeborough : 

1. GRACE E., b. June 14, 1874. 

2. CORA I/., b. Nov. 13, 1876. 

GEORGE W. PARKER, son of Josiah M. and Maria (Cash) Parker, 
b. Dec. 25, 1843 ; married Sybil P., daughter of Asa and Elizabeth (Good- 
win) Blanchard of I/yndeborough, Dec. 7, 1867. She was born Oct. 6, 
1838. What is known as " Perham Corner" is the largest fruit-growing 
section of the town. Nearly every farmer there is more or less engaged 
in it, and Mr. Parker has as extensive orchards as any if not the 
most extensive. His trees are carefully cultivated and fertilized and 
when the winters are favorable has immense crops of peaches, plums, 
etc. There is a spring on his farm, the waters of which are said to be 
medicinal t a considerable extent. He was a soldier in the Civil War. 
(See Chap. X.) Children : - 

1. WALTER G., + 

2. ELMER B., -j- 

3. FRED B., b. Feb. 20, 1875. 

WALTER G. PARKER, son of George W. and Sybil (Blanchard) 
Parker, born April 21, 1867; married Alice M., daughter of George M. 
and Maria (Colburn) Bradley, June 4, 1895. Child : 

i. EDITH lyOuisE, b. Aug. 16, 1901. 

ELMER B. PARKER, son of George W. and Sybil (Blanchard) 
Parker, born Jan. 19, 1872; married April 19, 1893, Lulu E., daughter of 
George S. and Ellen Pollard McAllister of Lyndeborough. She was 
born Sept. 6, 1874. Children born in Lyndeborough : 

1. CLARA I,OUISE, b. Jan. 20, 1896, d, July 14, 1896. 

2. HAROLD POLLARD, b. July 22, 1897. 

3. ROLAND ELMER, b. Sept. 4, 1900. 

4. GEORGE A., b. April 9, 1904. 


EDWARD PARRY, born Dec. 20, 1827 ; married Nov. 26, 1855, Sarah 
E., daughter of Aran and Betsey (Loring) Youlen. She was born April 
ir, 1837, in Boston. He came to Lyndeborough from Boston in 1887 and 
settled on the E. P. Spalding place. He died Jan. 27, 1905. Children : 

1. HENRIETTA G., b. Dec. n, 1859, d. July 30, 1867. 

2. EDITH F., b. Jan. 16, 1861. 

3. JAMES E., b. Aug. 20, 1863. 

4. L,ois M., b. March 13, 1869, d. May 4, 1875. 



DBA. ABRAM PATCH, b. April 3, 1798 ; married first, Dec. 2, 1819, 
Sally Dodge of Wenham, Mass. She was born March 15, 1800 ; died Oct. 
27, 1863; married second, Oct. 27, 1864, Phebe, daughter of Dea. Benja- 
min and Sarah (Clark) Goodrich. She was born Dec. 24, 1818, and died 
May 10, 1904. He died Aug. 8, 1880, at Danvers, Mass. He lived on the 
Edward Page Spalding place north of the mountain. He came to 
Lyndeborough from Beverly, Mass., about 1824. He was probably the 
third owner of the above-mentioned farm, E. P. Spalding being the 
fourth. Mr. Patch was a quiet, retiring man, of a deeply religious 
nature, and was esteemed and respected in the community. Of his chil- 
dren, all by his first wife, the four younger were born in Lyndeborough. 
Children : 

1. ANNA D., b. in Wenham, Mass., March 17, 1820, m. Dec. 

22, 1842, William Peabody of Wenham, Mass. She d. 
Dec. 5, 1861. 

2. ABRAM, b. Jan. 2, 1822, at Beverly, Mass., m. June 7, 

1843, Harriet N. Kimball of Hamilton, Mass. He d. Sept. 
4, 1900. 

3. JOSEPH, b. April 16, 1823, at Beverly, Mass., d. June 17, 


4. SARAH, b. May 30, 1825, d. Oct. n, 1841. 

5. MARY C., b. June 25, 1827, m. Aug. 5, 1858, Thomas 

Hoyt of Beverly, Mass. She d. Nov. 28, 1877. 

6. ELIZABETH M., b. Nov. 7, 1828, m. March 14, 1848, Enoch 

F. Knowlton of Hamilton, Mass. 

7. MARTHA, b. June 27, 1831, m. March 20, 1849, George W. 

Parsons of Gloucester, Mass., d. Sept. 14, 1885. 


EDWIN N. PATCH, born in Hollis, N. H., July 15, 1824; married 
Olive, daughter of Joseph and Sarah (Abbott) Chamberlain of Lynde- 
borough, Sept. 23, 1847. She was born Jan. 20, 1828; died Oct. 9, 1898. 
He died June 9, 1892. Mr. Patch was a quiet, unassuming man, highly 
respected by all who knew him. He came to Lyndeborough from Hollis, 
N. H., in 1845, an< i bought the farm where Joseph Chamberlain first 
built. He was a very industrious man and much improved the property. 
Children : 

1. MILDRED, b. Sept. 9, 1848, d. Sept. 18, 1848. 

2. EDWIN O., + 

3. IDA B., b. May 28, 1857. 

4. AMELIA O., b. April 29, 1860. 

EDWIN ORLANDO PATCH, son of Edwin and Olive (Chamberlain) 
Patch, born Aug. n, 1851 ; married first, Lizzie P., daughter of Rev. 


Erastus B. Claggett ; married second, Augusta S. Trundy of Addison, 
Me, Nov. 8, 1887. She was born Dec. 12, 1858. 


Walter C. Patterson, son of William and Mary I/. (Smith) Patterson of 
Wilton ; married Nov. 24, 1886, Sylvia Irene Cram, daughter of Charles 
H. and Sarah (Van Buskirk) Cram. She was born at Lacon, 111., June 28, 
1864. Children born at Lyndeborough : 

1. ETHEL E., b. March 18, 1888. 

2. LEON A., b. Jan. 17, 1893. 


AMOS PEARSONS of Reading, Mass., married in 1758, Elizabeth 
Nichols of Reading. She was born 1732. Children : 

1. ABIGAIL, m. Timothy Pearsons. 

2. HIRAM, m. in Vermont. 

3. AMOS ; m. Balch. 

4. ELIZABETH, m. Micah Barren of Lyndeborough. 

5. EBEN, + 

6. DIDYMUS, m. Sarah Elliott in Amherst. 

7. DANIEL, + 

EBEN PEARSONS, son of Amos and Elizabeth (Nichols) Pearsons ; 
born in Reading, Mass., June 19, 1768 ; married Sept. 8, 1791, Esther Holt 
of Wilton. She was born July 25, 1766 ; died July 15, 1839. He died May 
22, 1852. Children : 

1. ESTHER, b. in Wilton, Nov. n, 1792, m. Ephraim Putnam. 

(See Putnam gen.) 

2. EBENEZER, -+- 

3. ABIGAIL, b. in Wilton Aug. 16, 1800, m. Mark Hadley. 

(See Hadley gen.) 

4. WILLARD, b. in Lyndeborough, May 21, 1806, m. Aug. 8, 

1833, Ann P. Child of Medford, Mass., rem. to Woburn, 
Mass., d. March 31, 1841. Child: Julia A., Abbie F., 
Mary M. 

EBENEZER PEARSONS, son of Eben and Esther (Holt) Pear- 
sons ; born in Lyndeborough Jan. 21, 1797 ; married Joanna, daughter of 
James and Sarah (Hnse) Karr. She was born April 6, 1803 ; died Aug. 5, 
1874. Children, born in Lyndeborough : 


2. JOANNA A., b. Oct. 15, 1829, m. Levi H. Carter, rem. to 

Lawrence, Mass. 

3. SARAH A., b. March 29, 1832, m. Richard Kent of Law- 

rence, Mass. 


4. JAMES P., b. July 21, 1834, m. Amelia Drake of Washing- 
ton, D. C. 

EBENEZER BROOKS PEARSONS, son of Ebenezer and Joanna (Karr) 
Pearsons ; born Jan. 23, 1827 ; married March 17, 1850, Cyrene Towns of 
Newfield, Me. She was born 1827 ; died in Hancock, Feb. 26, 1854. 
Children : 

1. C^ARA M., b. in I^awrence, Mass,, Dec. 23, 1850. 

2. ELIZA B., b. in I/yndeborough Aug. 20, 1852. 

DANIEL PEARSONS, son of Amos and Elizabeth (Nichols) Pearsons ; 
born in Reading, Mass., 1764; married Patience Kimball, born 1763. 

There is some question whether Daniel Pearsons was ever a resident 
of Lyndeborough. The writer can find no record to show that he was, 
but some of his descendants think he was and that some of his chil- 
dren were born here. Jesse, one of the sons, married Betsey, daughter 
of Nehemiah and Elizabeth (Jones) Boutwell of Lyndeborough. Han- 
nah, a daughter, married Daniel Chamberlain, son of Jonathan and Eliz- 
abeth (Cram) Chamberlain of Lyndeborough. Children: 

1. BETSY, m. George Reed of Woburn, Mass. 

2. AMOS, rem. to New York. 


4. SAI,I,Y. 

5. JESSE, m. Betsey Boutwell. 

6. HANNAH, m. Daniel Chamberlain, d. July 29, 1873. 

7. JOHN, b. 1792, rem. to Bradford, Vt. 


OLIVER PERHAM was a Revolutionary soldier. (See Chap. VII.) 
Soon after the close of the war he came to Lyndeborough from Chelms- 
ford, Mass., and settled in the southeast part of the town since known 
as "Perham Corner." He was born in 1761 and died Dec. 5, 1846. He 
married first, Mary Pierce ; married second, Anna Pierce. Anna and 
Mary were sisters, and relatives of Gov. Pierce of New Hampshire. 
The dates of their birth and death are not in the records given us, nor 
do we know just when Oliver Perham came to Lyndeborough. Children, 
all by Anna (Pierce) Perham : 

1. OLIVER 2ND., -f- 

2. JOHN, -(- 

3. SAMUEL, b. Sept. 20, 1793. 

4. ASA, b. Aug. 12, 1795, m. Anna A. Gray of Wilton. 

5. JOSEPH, b. Sept. 17, 1802, m. Abigail Melendy of Wilton. 

6. DAVID, -\- 

7. WILLIAM, b. Oct. 30, 1808. 

8. ANNA, b. May 20, 1812, m. Charles :H/ Holt of Lyndebor- 

ough. (SeejHolt gen.) 


9. & 10. POLLY and JESSIE, (twins), d. in infancy. 

OLIVER PERHAM, son of Oliver and Anna (Pierce) Perham ; born 
July 9, 1788; married November, 1810, Patty, daughter of Joel and Polly 
(Coburn) Holt of Wilton. They had five daughters and two sons born 
in Wilton : Polly, Dolly, Anna, Oliver, Sarah J., Joel H. and Rachel. 

OLIVER PERHAM, son of Oliver and Patty (Holt) Perham, born in 
Wilton, Nov. 17, 1819; died in Lowell, Mass., Feb. 24, 1879; married 
Jan. 5, 1847, Rebecca, daughter of James L. and Hannah (Baldwin) 
Clark. She was born Feb. 26, 1824 ; died Dec. 15, 1893. He resided part 
of his life in Lyndeborough on lot 60, where his son, Charles I/., lives. 
Children : 

1. GEORGE O., b. May 12, 1848, d. Aug. 19, 1849. 

2. BROOKS C., b. Oct. 24, 1851, d. Feb. 9, 1853. 

3. CHARLES L,., -f 

4. GEORGIANNA B., b. July 23, 1856, d. Sept. 30, 1871. 

5. WILLIS C., + 

CHARLES LINDSEY PERHAM, son of Oliver and Rebecca (Clark) 
Perham, born Jan. 3, 1854 ; married Feb. 16, 1878, Emma, daughter of 
Joseph H. and Harriet N. (Hopkins) Tarbell of Mt. Vernon. She was 
born Aug. 29, 1855. He is an energetic and prosperous farmer, and lives 
on the "Lindsey" Clark homestead, lot 60. Has been selectman a 
number of terms and road agent for several years. Child : 

i. BERTHA GERTRUDE, b. Oct. 20, 1884, m. L/. Nute Wood- 
ward. (See Woodward gen.) 

WILLIS CLARK PERHAM, son of Oliver and Rebecca (Clark) Per- 
ham, born July 18, 1859 ; married April 9, 1883, Annie S., daughter of 
Solon and Eliza (Jones) Richardson of Lyndeborough. She died Nov. 
16, 1896. They spent the early part of their married life in Lyndebor- 
ough, but on account of Mrs. Perham's ill health removed to California, 
where she died. He resides in North Pomona, Cal. 

JOHN PERHAM, son of Oliver and Anna (Pierce) Perham, born June 
16, 1790; married Polly Pearsons of Milford, N. H. She was born June 
3, 1792. Children : 

1. JOHN, 2ND., b. Dec. 26, 1817, in Cambridgeport, Mass.. 

m. Caroline P. Braman of Boston, Nov. 13, 1841. She 
was b. Nov. 17, 1816, d. Nov. 18, 1888. He d. Aug. 31, 

2. OTIS, b. Dec. 27, 1819, d. Nov. 23, 1901. 

3. EBEN, b. July 29, 1823, in Lowell, Mass., d. Oct. 23, 1849. 

4. HARVEY, -f- 

HARVEY PERHAM, son of John and Polly (Pearsons) Perham, born 
Sept. i, 1826; married Feb. 10, 1862, Abbie R., daughter of Josiah M. 


and Maria (Cash) Parker. She was born April 25, 1839, in Amherst, N. 
H. He died Jan. 29, 1902. Children : 

1. MINNIE A., b. July 22, 1865, d. June 26, 1893. 

2. WlI^ARD H., -j- 

3. NETTIE A., b. Aug. i, 1872. 

4. JOHN I,., b. Nov. 9, 1876. 

WILLARD H. PERHAM, son of Harvey and Abbie R. (Parker) Per- 
ham, born Sept. 20, 1867 ; married V. Kate, daughter of James M. and 
Melissa (I/ang) Jackson of Amherst, Oct. 14, 1899. 

DAVID PERHAM, son of Oliver and Anna (Pierce) Perham, born 
April 28, 1805; married Lucy W. Symonds of Milford, Jan. 15, 1835. 
She was born Oct. 16, 1814. He died April 20, 1873. Removed to Mil- 
ford, April 30, 1860. Children born in I/yndeborough : 

i. L,UCY J., b. May 9, 1836. 

i. HANNAH S., b. Feb. 27, 1838, d. June 30, 1850. 

3. DAVID M., b. March 10, 1844. 

4. MARY A., b. June 3, 1846, d. Jan. 18, 1859. 

5. J. PIERCE, b. July 30, 1848, d. Nov. 8, 1879. 


MOSES PERSONS was the oldest son of Moses Persons of Wilming- 
ton, Mass., who was a private in the company of Capt. Cadwalder Ford. 
Enlisted as a minute man March 9, 1775. He served twenty-one days 
and then re-enlisted and served to the credit of the town of Wilmington 
until the close of the Revolutionary War. He was a volunteer and went 
to Portsmouth in the War of 1812. 

Moses Persons, the son, was born Aug. 22, 1782, in Wilmington, Mass.; 
married in 1804, Susanna Wyman, eldest daughter of Jesse Wyman of 
Woburn, Mass. She was born Oct. 9, 1785 in Woburn, Mass. He came 
to Lyndeborough from Reading, Mass., and settled on the farm since 
known as the Annie Fish place. 

This family has a most excellent record for service in both the Revolu- 
tionary War and the War of the Rebellion. Three sons of Jessie W. Per- 
sons served in the Civil War, Captain Alonzo, Corporal Oscar and Herbert 
as drumtner boy. Susan B. Persons married Samuel Richardson, then 
of Woburn, and four of their sons served long and honorably in the Civil 
War; Samuel, the second son, a young man of sterling character, died 
from sufferings in Andersonville prison. William A. Persons gave his 
life for his country, and rests in a lonely grave in Louisiana, Joseph Per- 
sons served in the Civil War, also his son Edwin, who died in camp. H. 
Celenda Persons married Josiah Watson and lost her only son Geranda J., 
who served in the Cavalry and died from exposure and hardships. This 
family removed to Woburn, Mass., and at this writing, Alvah A. is the 
only one living. Children, all but eldest born in Lyndeborough : 

1. MOSES J., b. in Reading, Mass., April n, 1805. 

2. JESSE W., b. Nov. 15, 1806. 


3. SUSAN B., b. June 7, 1808. 

4. WILLIAM A., b. Feb. 18, 1810. 

5. RANDOLPH, b. Dec. 22, 1811. 

6. SUBMIT R., b. June 21, 1815. 

7. HEPSEY C., b. June 28, 1817. 

8. JOSEPH, b. June 21, 1819. 

9. JAMES, b. July 31, 1821. 

10. L/ois HOLT, b. Sept. 8, 1824. 

11. ALVAH A., b. Oct. 16, 1826. 


FRANK A. PETTENGILL, son of Watson and Kathleen (Hemphill) 
Pettengill ; born Nov. 3, 1873, in Acworth ; married March 31, 1897, Clara, 
daughter of William N. and Lois (Holt) Ryerson. She was born Nov. 5, 
1878. Children, born in Lyndeborough : 

1. EDITH E., b. July 12, 1897. 

2. LOTTIE E., b. June 16, 1899. 

3. CHESTER, b. June 18, 1904. 


DANIEL PLUMMER came from Goffstown in 1835 and settled on the 
farm in North Lyndeborough, now owned by the Needham family. He 
remained there until 1854, when he returned to Goffstown. The child- 
dren born at Lyndeborough were : 

1. ABBY S. 

2. PERSiS D. 

3. JULIA A. 

4. MARY E. 


EDWARD POWERS, born in County Cork, Ireland, in 1836 ; married 
Honora Shea of County Carey, Ireland, Jan. 12, 1861. She was born 
Dec. 23, 1839. Lived in Perham Corner; died April 29, 1891. Chil- 
dren : 

1. FRANK H., b. in Milford, N. H., Jan. 7, 1862, d. March 12, 


2. MARY E., b. in Lyndeborough, May 19, 1866. 

3. JULIA H. b. in L/yndeborough, Sept. 7, 1867. 

4. AGNES H., b. in Lyndeborough, April 3, 1869, d. Dec. 20, 


5. ANNIE M., b. in Lyndeborough, Feb. 8, 1871. 

6. WILLIE E., b. in Lyndeborough, Oct. 30, 1873. 

7. JOHN M., b. in Lyndeborough, April 16, 1875, d. April 19, 



8. NiaUE A., b. Nov. 20, 1876. 


AMOS PRATT, born at North Reading, Mass., July 8, 1811 ; married 
first, Almira Mudge of Danvers, Mass. She was born Jan. 14, 1817 ; died 
Feb. 6, 1852 ; married second, Hannah Mudge. She was born Nov. 10, 
1809; died March 31, 1868. He was a man much respected in the com- 
munity for his sterling honesty and upright dealing. He was moder- 
ator of the town meetings seven years, selectman two years, and over- 
seer of the poor ten years. He removed to Danvers, Mass., in 1856. 
Children born in Lyndeborough, by first wife : 

1. FlDEUA T., b. July 12, 1840. 

2. EMILY J., b. Sept. i, 1842. 

3. GEORGE, b. May 14, 1845, m. March 26, 1873, I^ucy J. 

Spiller of Ipswich, Mass. 


Among the English records in 1375 the Manor of Tottenham was held 
by George Beauchamp Proctor by bequest from his father, Sir William 
Beauchamp Proctor. The coat of arms was granted in 1436 and the 
shield is described as " Argent with two chevrons sable." The chevron 
is used to designate those families who came to England with William 
the Conqueror. The martlets without feet to show that the family had 
no landed estate and what they had must be won by the sword. It is 
claimed that John, Richard, George and Robert settled in Massachusetts 
between 1635 and 1643 an( i tnat they were descendants of Sir William 
above named, and were brothers. John, the first of this branch of the 
family, settled in Ipswich, coming in the ship " Susan and Ellen " in 
1635, at forty years of age, with his wife Martha and two children, John 
three years old, and Mary, one year. This son John was afterward 
known as " witchcraft John," being one of the victims of the witchcraft 
delusion and suffered the death penalty by hanging, Aug. 19, 1692. He 
was married twice, his last wife being a Thorndyke. He had fifteen 
children, and lived at what is now known as Proctor's Crossing on the 
Boston & Maine R. R., in Danvers, Mass. His daughter was first ac- 
cused, her mother came to her defence, then she was charged with the 
crime, then the husband and father with the characteristic brusqueness 
of the race came to the defence, with the result that he was the only 
one of the family punished by death. His wife was condemned to die 
but for statutory reasons was not executed with her husband. When 
the time came that the law could be enforced, the delusion had passed, 
but by English law she was considered as dead, and consequently was 
not entitled to any benefit of her husband's estate until pardoned by the 
king four years later. 

JOHN PROCTOR of the sixth generation from England was born in 
Danvers, Mass., Oct. 7, 1763, and was the first of the family to settle in 
Lyndeborough on the north side of the tnountaih. His father, Benja- 


min, having given to two other sons the bulk of his property, John 
moved to Lyndeborough in the spring of 1792. John Carleton of Am- 
herst, a grandson, said, "to the roughest part of Lyndeborough" and 
adds in parenthesis, " no wonder we are a rough set." 

He married Ruth Southwick, a Quakeress, a descendant of Lawrence 
Southwick, and Cassandra whom Whittier has made the subject of a 
poem, and who was whipped and imprisoned and finally banished in 
1659, dying in 1660 from starvation, privation and exposure. Crime, 

Their first home was well up on the mountain-side, on land now owned 
by D. E. Proctor. The second home which he built in 1805 and occu- 
pied in September of that year, and where he died 30 years later is now 
the home of Merrill T. Spalding. He is described as a large man, very 
forceful. He died at the age of 72, May i, 1836. His wife died Dec. 20, 
1831. Children: 

1. JOHN, b. in Danvers, Mass., March 18, 1788, m. Betsey 

Putnam of Danvers, Mass. He d. 1823. Three children, 
John, Elizabeth and Martha A. 

2. MARY, b. in Danvers, April 2 1791, m. Abel Hill, Jan. 22, 

1814. (See Hill gen.) 

3. SUSAN, b. Aug. 20, 1793, d. in childhood. 

4. ELIZABETH, b. March 8, 1796, m. Dudley Carleton. (See 

Carleton gen.) 

5. JOSEPH S., b. Sept. 12, 1799, m. L/ois Perry, by whom he 

had six children. He d. Sept. 28, 1885, in Peabody, Mass. 

6. DANIEL, -f- 


8. HANNAH, b. Feb. 7, 1808, m. Emerson Bachelder, Novem- 

ber, 1837, d. January, 1886. 

DANIEL PROCTOR, son of John and Ruth (Southwick) Proctor, 
born March 6, 1802 ; married Feb. 18, 1827, Mary Perry of Dublin. She 
died in Weare, Feb. 9, 1871. He died in Temple, Feb. 17, 1869. She was 
born April 30, 1794. Children : 

1. JOHN, -|- 

2. MARY, b. Aug. 7, 1830, m. Sept. 27, 1853, Hiram Favor of 

Weare. Res. at Nashua. Children : Sidney, Nellie, 

3. LYDIA, b. June 12, 1833, m. Sept. 27, 1857, David Grant. 

Rem. to Goffstown. Child : Harry. 

4. SUSAN, b. Sept. 9, 1838, m. Jan. 4, 1898, Franklin Jaquith 

of Billerica, Mass. 
Of these children, only Susan was born at Lyndeborough. 

JOHN PROCTOR, son of Daniel and Mary (Perry) Proctor, born Jan. 
4, 1828; married Oct. 16, 1856, Martha, daughter of Levi and Nancy 


(Wilkins) Fish of Middleton, Mass. She was born June 3, 1838. He 
lived at Danvers, Mass., many years, and enlisted from there in the 8th 
Mass. Regt., serving 10 months during the Civil War. He returned to 
the homestead farm at Lyndeborough in 1884, and has lived there since. 
He is a fine mechanic and carpenter. Children : 

1. CAROLYN, b. at Danvers, Mass., April 12, 1857, m. Atkins 

H. Bates of Salem, Mass. Res. at Salem. Children : 
William Proctor, b. July 14, 1881 ; Charles Howard, b. 
Nov. 28, 1885. 

2. JOHN P., b. at Salem, Dec. 26, 1872. 

3. JAMES A., b. at Salem, Feb. 2, 1882. 

SYLVESTER PROCTOR, son of John and Ruth (Southwick) Proctor, 
born Sept. 5, 1805; married Sarah Hovey of Peterborough. She was 
born April 12, 1814; died Nov. 20, 1879. He died Oct. 22, 1867. He 
bought the Whitmarsh farm, containing i7 acres, of Micajah Pope of 
Boston, Feb. 20, 1829, the Allen lot from the D. N. Boardman heirs, June 
5, 1850, which with the 40 acres he received from his father's estate, 
constituted the farm on which he lived, now owned by his son, D. E- 
Proctor. He was superintendent of the poor farm in 1845 and 1847 an d 
again in 1857. He served in the same capacity in Milford in 1848-1854, 
the only years he was not a resident of I/yndeborough. He was a man 
who had the respect and esteem of the community. Children : 

1. DAVID EDWIN, -f- 

2. ABBY SARAH, b. June 16, 1848, d. Sept. 14, 1854. 

3. ALMEDA A., b. Aug. 5, 1851, d. Sept. 9, 1854. 

4. JOSIE ABBY, b. June 5, 1856, m. John Merrill of Wilton, 

May 7, 1883. 

DAVID EDWIN PROCTOR, son of Sylvester and Sarah (Hovey) 
Proctor ; born March 5, 1843 ; married Jan. 10, 1867, Sarah M. daughter 
of Dea. John C. Goodrich of Ivyndeborough. He was educated in the 
common schools of Lyndeborough and at Appleton Academy of Mont Ver. 
non. On Aug. 14, 1862, at the age of nineteen years, he enlisted as a pri- 
vate in Co. B., I3th N. H. Infantry. (For his military career see Chap. 
X.) He joined the Grand Army of the Republic June 28, 1868, and has 
held many positions of trust in the order, being department commander 
in 1900. He joined the Masonic Order in 1883, and the I. O. O. F. in 1900. 
He served as town clerk in 1867-1868, and as selectman in 1869-1870. He 
was also census enumerator in 1870. 

In 1871, he removed to Wilton and entered the employ of D. Gregg & 
Co. In 1872, he was made a partner in the firm, and in 1880 become sole 
proprietor. He has been an honored and influential citizen in his 
adopted town, serving as town treasurer three years, member of the 
school board six years, representative to the legislature in 1881-1882, and 
state senator, 1899-1900. In religion he is a liberal Congregationalist, 
with the faith that "God careth for the least of these." 

Ever since his removal to Wilton he has kept in touch with the people 


of his native town, and has manifested a warm interest in her material 
prosperity. He has given liberally of his means to support the social en- 
terprises of the town, and has always been a familiar figure at its gather- 
ings and celebrations. Children : 

1. FRANK EDWIN, b. in I^yndeborough Jan. 9, 1868, m. May 

18, 1892, Ada R. Keyes of Wilton. Children : Robert W., 
Alice M., Lester G. 

2. MARY EMMA, b. Aug. 7, 1872, m. Sept. 3, 1895, Fred B. 

Howe of Bolton, Mass. Children: Marion I,., Edna L., 
Marjore P. 

3. ARTHUR GOODRICH, b. July 13, 1877, d. April 7, 1878. 

4. GEORGE SYLVESTER, b. Sept. 18, 1878, m. Sept. 2, 1903, 

Winifred J. French of Bedford. Child : Elizabeth F. 

5. -FRED WILLIS, b. July 12, 1883. 


The immigrant ancestor of probably three quarters of the Putnams of 
America was John Putnam, born in England about 1580. He married in 

England Priscilla . His ancestry can be traced back through the 

Putnams and Puttenhams of County Bucks in England for many genera- 
tions. John Putnam's grandfather could claim relationship to the great 
John Hampden and other illustrious families in England. John came to 
these shores in 1634, and settled in Salem, Mass. The earliest record of 
him is in 1641, when he was granted land by the town in what is now Dan- 
vers, to be a little more exact, that portion of Danvers known as Beaver 
Brook. Oak Knoll, the poet Whittier's home, was part of this grant, 
and the old well is still to be seen situated near the road and some few rods 
to the southeast of its present mansion. John Putnam and his sons soon 
had large possessions of real estate in that vicinity, and much of the land 
is even now in the possession of his descendants. The children of John 
Putnam were all born and baptized at Aston Abbotts in Bucks county, 
England. They were : Elizabeth, baptized Dec. 20, 1612 ; Thomas, bap- 
tized March 7, 1614 (it was a granddaughter of this Thomas, Ann by 
name, who made herself notorious in 1692, as one of the bewitched girls 
during witchcraft times); John, baptized July 24, 1617; Nathaniel, bap- 
tized Oct. ii, 1619; Sara, baptized March 7, 1622; Phebe, baptized July 
28, 1624 ; John, baptized May 27, 1627, known as Capt. John. Probably 
the most energetic and more truly of the stern Puritanical stock than 
either of his brothers. 

Jacob, Ephraim and Nathaniel Putnam, who came to Salem-Canada 
were the children of Dea. Nathaniel Putnam, who lived at Danvers, 
Mass. It is said he also lived at North Reading for a time. If so, it was 
there his sons probably became acquainted with the Cram family, who 
were residents in that part of Reading set off to Wilmington. 

DEA. NATHANIEL PUTNAM was of the fourth generation from 
John, the immigrant ancestor, viz., John, Nathaniel, Benjamin, Nathaniel. 
Children: - 

*For a biographical sketch of the Putnam* of Lyndeborough, see chapter XXXIII. 


1. NATHANIEL, bap. Oct. i, 1710, d. young. 

2. JACOB, b. March 9, 1711. 

3. NATHANIEL, b. April 4, 1714, d. young. 

4. SARAH, b. June i, 1716. 

5. DBA. ARCHELAS, b. May 29, 1718. 

6. DEA. BPHRAIM, -j- 

7. HANNAH, b, March 4, 1721. 

8. NATHANIEL, b. May 28, 1724. 

9. MEHITABLE, b. Feb. 26, 1726. 

DEA. EPHRAIM PUTNAM, son of Nathaniel and Hannah (Roberts) 
Putnam, born in Danvers, Mass., Feb. 10, 1719 ; married Sarah, daughter 
of John and Sarah (Holt) Cram of L,yndeborough. She was born June 
27, 1719 ; died Oct. 15, 1777. He died Nov. 13, 1777. Children, all born 
in L,yndeborough but Ephraim. 

1. HANNAH, b. Feb. 26, 1742, first white child, b. in L,yndebor- 

ough, m. Eleazer Woodward. (See Woodward gen.) - 

2. EPHRAIM, -f- 

3. SARAH, b. June 8/1746, m. John Bradford. 

4. HULDAH, b. May 15, 1748, m. Nov. 26, 1768, Capt. Jonas 

Kidder. (See Kidder gen.) 

5. JESSE, b. Sept. 21, 1750, d. in infancy. 

6. DAVID, -f- 

7. KETURAH, b. June 29, 1756, m. John Smith. 

8. AARON, + 

9. REBECCA, b. March 17, 1761, m. Capt. Ward Woodward of 

Brooklyn, Conn. (See Woodward gen.) 

10. JOHN, m. Olive Barren, Nov. 30, 1784. Child : Olive, b. 
May 22, 1785. 

DEA. EPHRAIM PUTNAM, son of Ephraim and Sarah (Cram) Put- 
nam ; born in Danvers, Mass., June 15, 1744 ; married I/ucy Spaulding. He 
died March 2, 1799. No further record of L,ucy Spaulding has been ob- 
tained. Children, all born in I/yndeborough : 

1. EPHRAIM, -(- 

2. DANIEL, + 

3. SARAH, b. Jan. 16, 1773, m. David Cram. (See Cram gen.) 

4. ELIZABETH, b. Feb. 4, 1775. 

5. ESTHER, b. April 9, 1777. 

6. JOHN, b. July 15, 1781. 

EPHRAIM PUTNAM, son of Ephraim and L,ucy (Spaulding) Putnam ; 
born Oct. 20, 1768 ; married Elizabeth, daughter of John and Elizabeth 
Carkin of Lyndeborough. Children : 

i. EPHRAIM, b. Dec. 21, 1798, d. Nov. 13, 1800. 


2. ELEAZER, + 

3. SOLOMON, b. March 4, 1803, d. Nov. 24, 1814. 

4. PRUDENCE, b. April 22, 1809, d. May 10, 1810. 

5. HIRAM, b. April 28, 1811, d. Nov. 27, 1814. 

ELEAZER PUTNAM, son of Ephraim and Elizabeth (Carkin) Put- 
nam, born Jan. 8, 1801 ; married JApril 8, 1828, Mary A. daughter of 
Joseph and Mary (Archer-Burton) Marshall. She was born May 22, 1805 ; 
lied July 3, 1867. He died Dec. 27, 1866. Children, born in Lyndebor- 
ough : 

1. ALBERT M., b. April 25, 1829, m. Jane C. Steele. 

2. AD ALINE E., b. March 4, 1833, m. William P. Steele. (See 

Steele gen.) 

3. ERASTUS D., b. March 17, 1836, d. March 27, 1836. 

4. ELBRIDGE G., b. June 9, 1840, d. Jan. 13, 1847. 

DANIEL PUTNAM, son of Ephraim and Lucy <.Spaulding) Putnam ; 
born Sept. 2, 1770; married Hannah, daughter of Adam and Abigail 
(Carleton) Johnson. Children : 

1. ISRAEL, -f- 

2. I/VDIA, b. Aug. 9, 1796, m. William Richardson of I/ynde- 

borough. (See Richardson gen.) 

3. BETSEY, b. Jan. 24, 1800, m. David Gage. (See Gage gen.) 

4. HANNAH, b. Dec. 29, 1803, m. Robert Duren, d. Feb. 25, 


5. DAVID JOHNSON, b. Oct. 9, 1808, d. March 9, 1847. 

CAPT. ISRAEL PUTNAM, son of Daniel and Hannah (Johnson) 
Putnam, born Oct. 30, 1794; married first, Ruth, daughter of Joshua and 
Abigail (Ladd) Sargent of Lyndeborough. She was born Sept. 6, 1795 ; 
died July 21, 1845 ; married second, May 6, 1846, Mrs. Abigail (Abbott) 
Marshall, widow of James Marshall, and daughter of William and 
Eunice (Cram) Abbott. She was born Jan. 25, 1814; died Oct. 9, 1892. 
He died Feb, 2, 1869. Children : 

1. MARY ANGELINE, b. Oct. i, 1818, m. Aug. 22, 1838, 

George Hartshorn of L,yudeborough. (See Hartshorn 

2. WILLIAM R., b. Oct. 17, 1821, m. Dec. 7, 1851, Martha J., 

adopted dau. of Samuel and Sarah (Raymond) Hartshorn 
of L/yndeborough. She was b. Aug. 26, 1833. He d. 
Dec. 2, 1901, in Woburn, Mass. 

3. DANIEL, b. Jan. 8, 1824, m. Sarah, dau. of EH B. Smith of 

New Hampton. She was b. March 24, 1828. He pre- 
pared for college at New Hampton, graduated from Dart- 
mouth in 1851. Is a teacher at the State Normal School at 


Ypsilanti, Mich. Their children: Alice, Mary, Arthur, 
Ruth and William. 

4. ISRAEL, b. Jan. 14, 1826, m. Luthera Andrews of Clare- 


5. HANNAH, b. Aug. 4, 1830, m. Dec. 2, 1852, A. Kneeland 

Lewis of Wilton. Their children are Orlina, Sargent B., 
and Annie S. 

6. SUMNER, Aug. 4, 1833, m. Abby, dau. of Willard Pearsons 

of Woburn, Mass. 
By second wife : 

7. ABBY, b. June 22, 1847, d. Oct. 21, 1858. 

8. LETITIA, b. Jan. 13, 1850, m. Dec. 25, 1871, David Mc- 

Ginley of Houlton, Me. He was b. June 14, 1849. Their 
child : Abbie Winnifred, b. Nov. 14, 1872, m. March 29, 
1892, Samuel Webster of Wilton. 

DAVID PUTNAM, known as "Ensign David" and son of Ephraim 
and Sarah (Cram) Putnam, b. May 6, 1753 ; married Mrs. Abigail (Carle- 
ton) Johnson, widow of John Johnson, who was killed or died in the 
Revolutionary War. Children, all born in Lyndeborough : 

1. AMY, b. March 6, 1779, m. Gideon Cram. (See Cram gen.) 

2. TIMOTHY, -j- 

3. ABIGAIL, b. June i, 1785. 

4. DAVID, + 

5. SARAH, b. Aug. 19, 1793, m. Jonathan Clark. (See Clark 


COL. TIMOTHY PUTNAM, son of "Ensign" David and Abigail 
(Carleton Johnson) Putnam, born May 20, 1782; married first, Rachel, 
daughter of Jacob and Rachel (Dale) Dascomb of Wilton, in 1807. She 
was born Nov. 15, 1785 ; died April 14, 1838 ; married second, Patty 
Cheever of Lowell, Mass. He died June n, 1847. Children, all born in 
Lyndeborough : 

1. LEONARD, b. Dec. 13, 1807. Rem. to the South. 

2. OSGOOD CARLETON, b. Sept 30, 1810, d. Oct. n, 1813. 

3. MARIA, b. May 27, 1812, d. October, 1847. 

4. SARAH, b. Nov. 23, 1815. 


6. RACHEL, b. February, 1820, d. April, 1846. 

7. DAVID, + 

8. ELIZABETH, b. December, 1823, m. November, 1849, Hiram 

Wallace of Antrim. She d. Jan. 26, 1883. 

9. SOLOMON, b. June 18, 1826, d. August, 1829. 

10. JACOB D., -f 


TIMOTHY T. PUTNAM, son of Timothy and Rachel (Dascomb) Put- 
nam, born Jan. 30, 1818 ; married Nov. 21, 1843, Lydia Wood of Hudson. 
She was born Nov. n, 1822; died Jan. 2, 1880. He died June 2, 1883. 
Children : 

1. ALBERT, b. in Lowell, Mass., June 9, 1846, d. Jan. 29, 1847. 

2. EDWIN H., -f- 

3. FRED W., b. March 19, 1861. Rem. to California. 

EDWIN H. PUTNAM, son of Timothy T. and Lydia (Wood) Putnam, 
born March 26, 1848 ; married Oct. 29, 1868, Eliza A., daughter of Silas 
and Rebecca (Pratt) Keyes. She was born Sept. 22, 1847. Children : 

1. ROY N., b. July 9, 1870, m. Dec. 19, 1894, Addie W., dau. 

of Harlan P. and Maria (Stevens) Downs of Francestown. 
She was b. Nov. 23, 1873. Child: Pauline, b. March 13, 

2. lyYDiA W., b. July 10, 1873. 

3. CHARLES E., b. Dec. 12, 1875. 

4. PERCY W., b. Dec. u, 1878, m. Aug. 27, 1902, Martha R., 

dau. of Dana B. and Elsie (Grant) Sargent. 

5. JAMES A. G., b. Nov. 7, 1881, m. Dec. 7, 1904, K. Frances, 

dau. of Byron and Sarah (Carley) Putnam. 

6. MARY R., b. July 4, 1885. 

DAVID PUTNAM, son of Timothy and Rachel (Dascomb) Putnam, 
born Feb. 23, 1822 ; married Sally Brown, July I, 1847. She was born 
May 29, 1821. He removed to Pennacook and died Nov. 4, 1879. Chil- 
dren : Philip W., Mary E-, Eman F., David H. 

JACOB D. PUTNAM, son of Timothy and Rachel (Dascomb) Putnam, 
born June 16, 1828; married June i, 1853, Eliza (Rust) Clough. She died 
in Lyndeborough, Oct. 20, 1882. He died Feb. 26, 1888. His childhood 
days were spent in Lyndeborough, and as a youth he attended the Pem- 
broke Academy, boarding himself while pursuing his studies there. 
After graduating he found employment in a drygoods store at Laconia, 
and it was here he met his wife. Shortly after their marriage he removed 
to Lowell, Mass., where he engaged in the grocery business. He after- 
ward came to Lyndeborough and engaged in the manufacture of glass. 
While in Lowell three children were born to them : 

1. EMMA DASCOMB, b. June 2, 1854. 

2. FREDERICK, b. Aug. 6, 1857. 

3. GRACE E., b. Sept. 28, 1871. 

DEA. DAVID PUTNAM, son of Ensign David and Abigail (Carleton- 
Johnson) Putnam ; born June 19, 1790; married first, Tryphena, daugh- 
ter of Jonathan and Lois (Kidder) Butler of Lyndeborough. She was 
born April 27, 1787 ; died Jan. 31, 1831 ; married second, Sarah Fletcher, 
who died June 21, 1845; married third, Mrs. Abigail Foster; married 
fourth, Mrs. Nancy P. Jewett of Wilton, who died Aug. 4, 1862; married 


fifth, Mrs. Sarah (Brown) Bradford, widow of James C. Bradford of Lynde- 
borough. She died Sept. 15, 1888. He died June 10, 1870. Children by 
first wife, born in Lyndeborough : 

1. SUSANNA B., b. May 14, 1816, m. John Hartshorn of L/ynde- 

borough. (See Hartshorn gen.) 

2. JASON, b. Nov. 18, 1817, d. May 18, 1841. 

3. TRYPHENA, b. April 25, 1822, m. Dec. 17, 1847, Benjamin 

F. Tenney of Antrim. He was b. Feb. 25, 1821, d. Jan. i, 
1867. She d. July 31, 1900. Children: Frank, Amy. 
Child by second wife, born in Lyndeborough : 

4. DAVID, -\- 

DBA. DAVID PUTNAM, son of Dea. David and Sarah (Fletcher) Put- 
nam ; born April 15, 1838; married Mariett D., daughter of Sumner and 
Polly (Dodge) Wait of Londonderry Vt., March 7, 1861. She was born 
Nov. 5, 1841. Children : 

1. ALGERNON W., + 

2. ERWIN D., -f- 

ALGERNON W. PUTNAM, born Feb. 26, 1866 ; graduate of Brown 
University, class of 1895 ; married Sept. 9, 1903, Lucy, daughter of John 
and Sarah (Harris) Daniels of Middlebury Vt. Child : 

i. PAUL S., b. June 19, 1904. 

ERWIN D. PUTNAM, born Oct. 19, 1879; married Jan. i, 1902, Alice 
I/., daughter of James L. and Mary E. (Blanchard) Hill of Peterborough. 
Children : 

1. WENDELL DAVID, b, Sept. 23, 1902. 

2. JESTER JAMKS, b. May 15, 1905. 

AARON PUTNAM, son of Ephraim and Sarah (Cram) Putnam ; mar- 
ried Sarah . Children : 

1. WARD, b. Dec. 4, 1781. 

2. NANCY, b. June 28, 1783. 


*EPHRAIM PUTNAM, known as " Danvers Ephraim," was born in 
Danvers, Mass., Sept. 14, 1744; died in Lyndeborough May n, 1821; 
married 1768, Rachel, daughter of Jonathan and Mary (Chamberlain) 
Cram of Lyndeborough. She was born April 16, 1746 ; died April 29, 
1833. Children born in Lyndeborough : 

i. JONATHAN, -f- 

*There is a divided opinion and confusion of testimony as to which of the many 
Ephraim Putnams was known as " Danvers " Ephraim. From a careful sifting of evi- 
dence we believe it is the one designated above. If any of the descendants of the 
Ephraim Putnams of Lyndeborough are of a contrary opinion, the evidence may be pro- 


2. MEHITABLE, b. Dec. 6/1772, m. Feb. 20, 1801, Robert 

Richie. He d. Nov. 17, 1832. Child : Mary, b. Sept. 7, 

3. ARCHILAS, b. March 6, 1775, d. March 4, 1839. 

4. EPHRAIM, b. Jan. 7, 1778, d. Feb. 20, 1785. 

5. ABIJAH, b. Nov. 30, 1780, d. Feb. 16. 1785. 

6. EPHRAIM, -(- 

7. NATHANIEL, b. Aug. 22, 1788, d. March 19, 1843. 

8. AMOS, b. July 25, 1791, d. 1795. 

JONATHAN PUTNAM, son of Ephraim and Rachel (Cram) Putnam, 

born Sept. 14, 1769 ; married Nov. 25, 1792, Mary, daughter of Hil- 

dreth. Children, born in Lyndeborough : 

1. RACHEL, b. Nov. 23, 1792, d. Nov. 17, 1795. 

2. JONATHAN, Jr., b. April 15, 1795. 

3. NATHAN, -j- 


NATHAN PUTNAM, son of Jonathan and Mary (Hildreth) Putnam ; 
born Dec. 12, 1798; married Nancy Trull Nov. 29, 1821. She died April 
6, 1834. Children : 

1. NANCY, b. Feb. 28, 1823, d. April 30, 1825. 

2. MARY A., b. April 17, 1826. 

3. NATHAN H., b. June 13, 1828. 

4. ALMIRA J., b. June 20, 1830. 

5. PARKER T., b. April 6, 1834. 

EPHRAIM H. PUTNAM, son of Jonathan and Mary (Hildreth) Put- 
nam ; born July 5, 1805 ; married Susanna Ford. She died March 3, 1879. 
He died June 14, 1864. Children, born in Lyndeborough: 

1. ANDREW J., b. Feb. 27, 1832. 

2. RACHEL S., b. Jan. 27, 1835. 

3. MARY E., m. Francis A, Allen of Peterborough. She d. 

Sept. 22, 1886. 
4 and 5. THOMAS and BYRON, twins, b. Jan. 8, 1840. Thomas 

res. in Virginia. 

6. L/EVI H., + 

7. DELIA A. 

BYRON PUTNAM, son of Ephraim H. and Susanna (Ford) Putnam ; 
born Jan. 8, 1840 ; married first, July 24, 1859, Sarah C., daughter of Asa 
and Sarah (Pillsbury) Carley of Peterborough. She was born May 20, 
1841; died Oct. 21, 1893; married second, Mrs. Emily C. Cragin, widow 
of Harry Cragin of Fayette, Me., and daughter of Oliver B. and Fanny 
(Woodworth) Marston, of Fayette, Me., Feb. 20, 1895. She was born 


July 20, 1843. He was town treasurer one year and overseer of poor a 
number of years. Was a soldier in the Civil War and a prisoner at Sauls- 
bury, N. C., two hundred and eleven days. (See Chap. X.) He died 
March 24, 1903. Children by first wife, born in Lyndeborough : 

1. MYRTIE M., b. June i, 1865, d. March 20, 1881. 

2. K. FRANCES (adopted), b. in Troy, N. Y., Dec. 27, 1880. 

LEVI H. PUTNAM, son of Bphraim H. and Susanna (Ford) Putnam ; 
born Nov. 19, 1841 ; married first, April 3, 1868, Lucy A., daughter of 
Richard and Mary A. (Grey) Emery, born in Manchester July 12, 1850 ; 
died in Lyndeborough Jan. 12, 1877 ; married second, March 15, 1878, 
Lydia L., widow of Azel H. Church, and daughter of Silas and Phebe F. 
(Hovey) Swinnington, born in Lyndeborough May 12, 1852 ; died in Mil- 
ford July 26, 1899. Resides in Milford. Children, all but youngest born 
in Lyndeborough : 

1. NELLIE J., b. May 22, 1870. 

2. ROSE A., b. Jan. 13, 1873. 

3. ANNA B., Dec. 31, 1874. 

4. IvEROY C., b. Feb. n, 1880. 

5. ALBERT B., b. Aug. 3, 1891. 

EPHRAIM PUTNAM, son of Ephraim and Rachel (Cram) Putnam, 
born April 30, 1785 ; married Feb. 8, 1814, Esther, daughter of Ebenezer 
and Esther (Holt) Pearson. She was born in Wilton, Nov. n, 1792 ; 
died March 2, 1856. He died June u, 1862. Children born in Lynde- 
borough : 

1. EPHRAIM, b. Nov. 17, 1815, d. Aug. 4, 1834. 

2. ESTHER, b. June 8, 1818, m. Joel H. Tarbell. (See Tar- 

bell gen.) 

3. WILLARD P., b. Sept. 4, 1820, d. June 5, 1856. 

4. MARY A., b. April 17, 1823, m. Nov. 22, 1850, John 

Fletcher of Greenfield. She d. May 23, 1853. Child: 
Vilana A., b. Dec. 5, 1852, m. James F. Clark. Res. in 
Medford, Mass. 

5. EBENEZER, b. June 26, 1826, d. Oct. 9, 1826. 


NEHEMIAH RAND, son of Jonathan and Millicent (Estabrook) 
Rand; born in Charlestown, Mass., in 1734. He was evidently a resident 
of Charlestown until 1775, for he had two houses and a hatter's shop go 
up in smoke when the British burned the town, leaving him homeless. 
It is said he had some property in Lyndeborough, where his brother John 
had previously been preaching, some land partially cleared, and the 
Francestown History says, "some sheep under the care" of the before 
mentioned John. But as the Rev. John Rand was dismissed in 1762, and 
soon thereafter left the town, there is some doubt as to the sheep. At 
any rate Nehemiah came to Lyndeborough soon after his property was 


burned in Charlestown and built a house on land near what is now the 
middle of the town, ever since known as the " Rand place."* The house 
was situated at the end of the lane east of W. H. Clark's house. It is 
said that he built there supposing the road through the centre of the 
town would follow the brook from what is now known as Hardy's mill, 
up around Badger Pond. But those early settlers ignored the fact that 
the " bail of the kettle is no longer when lying down than when standing 
up," and built the road over the hill, leaving the Rand land quite a dis- 
tance off the main road. 

He was a man of influence and ability, and soon made his mark in the 
town. He was moderator in 1787 and 1789, and represented the town in 
the General Court in 1787, 1788, 1789 and 1793. He married first, Nov. 24, 
1757, Mary, daughter of Samuel and Sarah (Carter) Rand ; married sec- 
ond, Mrs. Mary Prentice Frost of Cambridge, Mass., daughter of the Rev. 
Thomas Prentice of Charlestown, Mass. She was born in 1738 ; died Oct. 

20, 1787 ; married third, Margaret Prentice, sister of his second^wife, Oct. 

21, 1791. He died at Lyndeborough July 15, 1794. By his first marriage 
he had two daughters. Children by second wife : 

1. IRENE, m. Nehemiah Frost, rem. to Temple, where she died. 

2. NEHEMIAH, -f- 

3. MARGARET, m. Dea. John Clark. (See Clark gen.) 

NEHEMIAH RAND, son of Nehemiah and Mary (Prentice-Frost) 
Rand ; born Jan. 14, 1777 ; married Sarah, daughter of Richard and 
Lydia (Stylman) Batten of Lyndeborough May i, 1811. She was born 
April 8, 1780 ; died May 4, 1870. He removed to Francestown in 1803, 
where he died July 13, 1850. Children, Nehemiah born in Lyndeborough, 
the others in Francestown : 

1. NEHEMIAH, b. Feb. 18, 1802, d. March i, 1869, m. Harriet 

O., dau. of Ebenezer and Thamazan (Griffin) Hutchinson 
of L,yndeborough April 28, 1830. She was born Sept. 17, 
1806, d. Oct. 4, 1 88 1. He was a physician and res. at Han- 
cock and at Nelson. He d. in the latter place. 

2. RICHARD BATTEN, b. April n, 1804, d. Feb. n, 1881, m. 

first, Mary J. Baldwin Jan. 10, 1830 ; m. second, Ellen 
Bryant, April 10, 1837. He was a clothier, and d. at 
Wayne, Me. 

3. JOHN, + 

4 and 5. Twins, unnamed, b. April 24, 1811, d. April 24 and 
25, 1811. 

*While Mr. Rand was building his new house, he started into the woods east of the 
building to look over and explore his extensive estate. He soon got lost, and com- 
menced to shout, in hopes to attract the attention of some one. His carpenters heard 
him and started to find him. By shouting back and forth they finally came up with 
him, and started to pilot him home. But he insisted they were taking him the wrong 
way, and vigorously protested, but they got him back to his own door yard, when, 
looking around somewhat bewildered, he exclaimed, " What fool is building a house 



JOHN RAND, son of Nehemiah and Sarah (Batten) Rand, born in 
Francestown, April 22, 1807; married Fanny D., daughter of Eliphalet 
and Demarius (Duncklee) Simonds, Oct. 30, 1832. She was born in 
Milford, May 21, 1809 ; died June i, 1870. He removed to Milford in 
1852, and died there, March 10, 1884. Children born in Lyndeborough : 

1. JOHN MILTON, b. Dec. i, 1834; m. July, 1857, Orline A., 

dau. of Wesley and Rachel (Caldwell) Wilson of Benning- 
ton. He is a physician and resides in Newark, N. J. 

2. STILLMAN N., b. July 2, 1837, m. Jan. 26, 1882, Belle M., 

dau. of William and Jane (Phillips) Cameron of Philadel- 
phia. Is a photographer and resides in New Haven, Conn. 

DBA. THOMAS PRENTICE RAND, born in Francestown Sept. 21, 
1814 ; married first, Lydia, daughter of Josiah and Dolly (Shattuck) 
Wheeler of L,yndeborough. She was born June 8, 1818 ; died Feb. 14, 
1864 ; married second, Sarah Deborah, daughter of Peter and Sarah 
(Jones) Clark of Ivyndeborough June 7, 1866. She died Nov. 14, 1904. 

Dea. Rand was never a resident of Lyndeborough, but as both of his 
wives were natives of the town, and as some of his children are now resi- 
dents his family record should appear here. He was a prominent citizen 
of Francestown, a man of strong religious convictions, and maintained 
the faith of his Puritan ancestors. He was deacon of the Congregational 
church for twenty-seven years, and had held public office in his town. 
He died June i, 1880. Children by first wife : 

1. SARAH C., b. Nov. 30, 1843. 

2. FRANCES D., b. Nov. 10, 1846, d. March 14, 1873. 

3. LYDIA H., b. Dec. 31, 1.850. 

4. NEHEMIAH W., b. Sept. 14, 1853. Was a successful physi- 

cian and d. at Monson, Mass. 

5. ABBY K., b. July 31, 1855, m. W. H. Clark. (See Clark 


6. JOHN P., b. Nov. 8, 1857, m. Harriet Anderson of Monson, 

Mass. Is a physician and res. at Worcester, Mass. 

* REV. JOHN RAND was born in Charlestown, Mass., Jan. 24, 1727. 
He was the son of Jonathan and Millicent (Estabrook) Rand. He was 
graduated from Harvard in 1748 and afterward married Sarah, daughter 
of Capt. John Goffe of Derryfield, now Manchester. He came to 
Salem-Canada in 1755 or 1756 and was the settled minister for a little 
more than four years. Just when he removed from the town or where 
he went first is not material to this record, but he lived afterward in 
Goffstown and Bedford and represented the latter town in the convention 
that formed the constitution of New Hampshire. He died Oct. 12, 1805. 
Children : 

i. & 2. JOHN and JONATHAN (twins), b. June 24, 1762. 

*From Rev. F. G. Clark's Historical Address. 


3. Mn,ivE, b. Feb. 5, 1764. 

4. ROBERT, b. May 13, 1767. 

5. SARAH, b. Jan. 20, 1774. 

6. NEHEMIAH (twin), b. May 22, 1776, + 

7. THOMAS (twin), b. May 22, 1776. 

NEHEMIAH RAND, son of Rev. John and Sarah (Goffe) Rand, born 
May 22, 1776; married Putnam. Children: 

1. EDGAR, + 

2. NEHEMIAH, m. Betsey George of New Boston. Rem. to 

Newport, N. H. 

3. MEHITABI,E, m. Perkins Patterson. 

4. MARY, m. Iceman. Rem. to Illinois. 

5. 6 & 7. SARAH, THOMAS and JEFFERSON, d. in infancy. 

8. BETSEY, m. Benjamin Button. (See Button gen.) 

9. L,YDiA, m. Woodbridge. Rem. to the west. 

EDGAR RAND, son of Nehemiah and (Putnam) Rand, born 

July 26, 1799; married first, Oct. 23, 1823, Mehitable Cram, daughter of 
John and Huldah (Woodward) Cram of Lyndeborough. She was born 
Nov. 2, 1801 ; died May 5, [1832 ; married second, Mianda, daughter of 
Reuben and Nancy (Clark) Dutton, March 14, 1833. She was born Dec. 
2, 1806 ; died Dec. 15, 1870. He died Jan. 16, 1866. He bought land and 
built him a house in the northeast part of the town and lived there 
until his death. Children by first wife : 

1. M. MARIA, b. Aug. i, 1824, m. May i, 1849, Moses N. 


2. SARAH A., b. Bee. 17, 1825, d. Aug. 12, 1836. 

3. & 4. JOHN, (twins, one d. in infancy), -(- 

5. EDGAR J., b. Aug. 23, 1829, d. May 5, 1833. 

6. & 7. NEHEMIAH, (twins, one d. in infancy), b. April 25, 

1832, d. May 20, 1842. 
By second wife : 

8. NANCY E., b. Jan. 6, 1834, m. Martin Whitney. (See 

Whitney gen.) 

9. MIANDA, b. Jan. 29, 1836, d. Feb. 19, 1846. 

JOHN RAND, son of Edgar and Mehitable (Cram) Rand, born July 
31, 1827; married Dec. 4, 1856, Mrs. Lucinda Stone, widow of Sabron 
Stone and daughter of Enoch Colby of New Boston. She was born 
April 18, 1816 ; died Sept. 29, 1899. He died May 21, 1902. 


WILUAM B. RAYMOND came to I/yndeborough from Amherst in 
1840. He was a shoemaker by trade, and cobbled the boots and shoes for 
a generation of Lyndeborough people. He was born Aug. 20, 1818 ; mar- 


ried Ann Boutwell of Amherst March 8, 1837.* She was born Aug. 13, 
1818. Children, all born in Lyndeborough : 

1. GEORGE B., -f- 

2. JOHN P., + 

3. ELIZABETH A., b. March 29, 1849, d. Oct. 6, 1856. 

4. ABBY I,. F., b. March 3, 1852, d. Aug. 30, 1875, m. Robert 

W. Bell of Wilton, Sept. 17, 1870. 

GEORGE B. RAYMOND, born July 25, 1845 ; died Dec. 5, 1876; mar- 
ried Addie Gould of Lyndeborough July 4, 1865. Was a soldier in the 
Civil War. (See Chap. X.) Children : - 

1. ROSE, b. Nov. 12, 1869. 

2. GRACE, b. Aug., 1871. 

JOHN P. RAYMOND, born Nov. 28, 1846; died Dec. 19, 1873 ; married 
Mary Shea of Wilton Jan. 12, 1861. Was a soldier in the Civil War. (See 
Chap. X.) Children : 

1. ANNIE MAY, b. May i, 1861. 

2. BERTHA, b. Nov. 3, 1862. 

3. JOHN W., b. Sept. 2, 1871. 


FRANK E. REYNOLDS, son of John Q. and Mary (Brown) Reynolds, 
born May 15, 1857, i n Ashburnham, Mass.; married first, May 9, 1882, 
Flora E. Hilt. She was born in Presque Isle, Me.; died April n, 1894 ; 
married second, May 8, 1895, Lizzie C. Blood, born March 15, 1868. Lives 
on what is known as the Annie Fish place. Children : 

1. EVA M., b. in I,yndeborough, June 10, 1883. 

2. ADDIE E-, b. in Benton, N. H., Sept. 15, 1884. 

3. WALTER E., b. in Benton, N. H., March 17, 1886. 

4. GRACE, b. in East Warren, N. H., April 6, 1888. 

5. ETHEL, b. in L/yndeborough, Oct. 13, 1889. 

6. GUY, b. in I/yndeborough, Feb. 21, 1891. 

7. GEORGE B., b. in L-yndeborough, July 17, 


FRED B. RICHARDS, adopted son of Pascal and Helen (Pascal) 
Richards, born June 27, 1852; married first, July i, 1879, Emogen F., 
daughter of Joshua and Sarah (Gilchrist) Lakin of Hancock. She was 
born January, 1851 ; died Feb. 15, 1881 ; married second, Oct. 31, 1882, 
Elizabeth M., daughter of John and Susanna (Putnam) Hartshorn of 
Lyndeborough. She was born July 27, 1863. He came to Lyndebor- 
ough from Hancock in 1876 and entered the employ of Mr. Tarbell in the 

*Mr. Raymond has lived in town sixty-five years, and during that time has attended 
every town meeting and voted. He and his wife have lived together as man and wife 
sixty-eight years. A very remarkable record, as very few come so near the diamond 


manufacture and sale of extracts, etc., and afterward became the proprie- 
tor of the business. He has been a school teacher and has always been 
interested in and identified with the educational matters of the town, 
and has served several terms on the board of education. He represented 
the town in the Legislature of 1899, and is a member of and a liberal 
supporter of the Baptist church at South Lyndeborough. He is a whole- 
sale travelling merchant, visiting many towns in the southern part of 
the state. Children : 

1. RALPH, b. March 18, 1884. 

2. MYRTIE B., b. May 21, 1886. 

3. lyORiN F., b. May 9, 1893. 

4. SARAH C., b. Jan. 24, 1901. 


DR. MARSHALL B. RICHARDS, son of John C. and Sarah F. 
(Flanders) Richards, b. at Boston, April 27, 1839 ; married Sept. 16, 
1894, Addie A., daughter of William W. and Esther J. (Cragin) Burton 
of Lyndeborough. She was born June 3, 1871. They reside on the 
Russell place in the southwest part of the town. Children : 

1. WALLACE B., b. Nov. 21, 1895. 

2. ESTHER G., b. July 21, 1897. 

3. ORMAN M., b. Dec. 31, 1898. 

4. JOHN C., b. Dec. 27, 1899. 

5. RUTH G., b. Jan. n, 1901. 

6. ADDIE A., b. April 7, 1902. 

7. AGNES B., b. Sept. 4, 1903. 

8. DOROTHY A., b. Nov. 29, 1904. 


The Richardson family in America are descended from Ezekiel, Samuel 
and Thomas Richardson, brothers who came to this country from Eng- 
land in the early days of the Massachusetts Colony. Ezekiel came first 
with Winthrop in 1630 and was soon after joined by his two brothers. 
Ezekiel was made a freeman in 1631 and settled in Charlestown. His 
descendants and those of his brothers, Samuel and Thomas, soon became 
active in the settlement of the new towns of Woburn and what are now 
Maiden and Billerica. George K. Wood in the History of Francestown 
says that Samuel paid the highest tax in Woburn in 1645. He says the 
name can be traced back to the Norman Conquest. Thomas was the 
youngest of the brothers and from him the Richardsons of Lyndebor- 
ough are descended as follows : Thomas, Thomas, Nathaniel, Hezekiah, 
Jacob, and Jacob was the first of the name to come to Lyndeborough. 

Hezekiah was born in Billerica, May 8, 1715, and married Sept. 30, 
1740, Elizabeth Walker of Billerica. They settled in Townsend, Mass., 
where he died June 17, 1795. 

LIEUT. JACOB RICHARDSON, second son of Hezekiah and Eliza- 
beth (Walker) Richardson, born at Townsend, Mass., Dec. 13, 1742; 


married May 19, 1766, Sarah Brown of Billerica, Mass. She was born 
July 28, 1742; died March i, 1825. He died in Lyndeborough, Sept. 5, 
1817. He came to Lyndeborough from Billerica in 1805 and bought the 
farm at the centre owned by Daniel Gould, since known as the Richard- 
son farm. His descendants have owned the land ever since. He was 
a soldier in the Revolutionary War, and was a lieutenant in a company 
that went from Billerica in 1777 and assisted in the defeat and capture of 
Burgoyne. He was a blacksmith, as were three of his sons. His shop 
used to stand nearly opposite the Congregational parsonage. One of 
his sons, Timothy, came to Lyndeborough with him. Another, Jacob, 
Jr., came to Greenfield and settled. 

Lieut. Jacob Richardson and Sarah (Brown) Richardson had eleven 
children, all born at Billerica, Mass. 

1. SARAH, b. Jan. 15, 1767, d. at Billerica. 

2. JACOB, b. Aug. 10, 1769. 

3. ELIZABETH, b. Oct. n, 1771, d. Feb. 29, 1776. 

4. & 5. JOSIAH and TIMOTHY (twins), -f- 

Josiah b. Oct. i, 1773, m. Mary Wyman. 

6. JOHN, b. June 15, 1776, m. I^ydia Johnson. 

7. WILLIAM, b. Aug. 20, 1778, m. Phebe Bachelder. 

8. ELIZABETH, b. NOV. 22, 1780. 

9. ELIJAH, b. July 5, 1783, d. young. 

10. JULIA, b. Aug. 25, 1785, d. June 22, 1802. 

11. ANNA, b. Aug. 19, 1788, m. Joseph Jones. 

TIMOTHY RICHARDSON, son of Jacob and Sarah (Brown) Richard- 
son, was born in Billerica, Oct. i, 1773; married Judith N. Reynolds, 
daughter of John and Elizabeth (Pickett) Reynolds of Greenfield. She 
was born Nov. 10, 1780. She died Sept. 3, 1833. He died Dec. 2, 1855. 
Children : 

1. HARRIET, b. Oct. 5, 1806, d. Aug. 19, 1807. 

2. HOOPER, b. Jan. 31, 1808, d. Aug. 6, 1839. 

3. JOHN, + 

4. IRA, b. March 22, 1811, m. 1839, Harriet, dau. of Patrick 

and Mary (Kilpatrick) Cassidy of Pennsylvania. He d. 
August, 1871, in Washington, D. C. 

5. TIMOTHY, b. Oct. 14, 1813. 

6. NATHAN, + 

JOHN RICHARDSON, son of Timothy and Judith (Reynolds) Rich- 
ardson, was born in Lyndeborough, July 26, 1809; married Sarah Ann, 
daughter of Nathan and Ann (Remick) Barnes of Bedford, N. H. She 
died Dec. 18, 1860. He died April 7, 1876. He was a very successful 
farmer, and a man of marked influence in the town. He was very 
methodical in his habits and could never tolerate work half done. His 
farm implements were of the best of the kind in use at the time. His 
farm was well cultivated and he gradually replaced the old buildings 


with a commodious barn and modern dwelling house and ell. He loved 
to sing and was the leader of the Congregational church choir for years. 
He always performed his duties as a citizen at the town meatings and 
was one of the foremost in promoting the welfare of any movement that 
promised to be for the good of the community. For a long series of 
years he was the moderator of the town meetings and presided with 
justice and impartiality. He was one of the board of selectmen and was 
a member of the school committee in 1851. He represented the town in 
the state legislature. When a young man he resided for a short time in 
Lowell, Mass. With that exception he spent his whole life in Lynde- 
borough. His wife was a sister of Isaac O. Barnes of Boston, the noted 
wit and lawyer, and was a woman of refinement. Another sister married 
Rodney C. Boutwell of Lyndeborough. Children, all born in Lynde- 
borough : 

1. HARRIET, b. March 25, 1835, m. George D. Blaney of 

Swampscott, Mass., d. in L/yndeborough, May 5, 1871. 

2. HENRY, b. Aug. 31, 1836, m. July 9, 1859, L/avina, dau. of 

James D. and Hannah (Davis) Harding of Swampscott, 
Mass. He bought a large farm in Francestown, known as 
the Eaton place, in 1860, and with his brother George, 
who was a partner in the enterprise, removed to Frances- 
town. Henry soon became influential in the town of his 
adoption and his conservatism and good judgment kept 
him almost continually in town office until near his death. 
He represented his town in the state legislature. Chil- 
dren : Fred, b. April 9, 1860, was drowned in Pleasant 
Pond, Aug. 15, 1880; Elmer F., Edith M., James H., 
Emma F., Ira A. 

3. GEORGE H., b. June n, 1838, m. Hannah M., dau. of 

James D. and Hannah Davis Harding of Swampscott, 
Mass., April 9, 1863. She was b. Oct. 23, 1842. He re- 
moved to Francestown in 1860. Children : Louise, Mary 
A., George, Frank E. 

4. SOLON B., -j- 

5. FRED A., -+- 

6. MARY F., b. June 5, 1851, d. July 19, 1875. 

7. JOHN C., b. Dec. 27, 1852. 

SOLON B. RICHARDSON, son of John and Sarah (Barnes) Richard- 
son, born April 16, 1840 ; married Eliza P., daughter of Dea. William and 
Eliza (Anderson) Jones of Lyndeborough. She was born Aug. 30, 1839. 
He died June 14, 1879. Children, born in Lyndeborough : 

1. WILLIAM, -+- 

2. ANNIE, m. Willis C. Perham, d. in California Nov. 16, 1896. 

(See Perham gen.) 



3. CLINTINA, d. May 6, 1886. 

WILLIAM E. RICHARDSON, son of Solon B. and Eliza (Jones) 
Richardson; born Sept. 23, 1859; married Dec. 14, 1882, Minnie J. 
daughter of William R. and Ursula (Richards) Duncklee. She was born' 
at New Boston, Feb. 16, 1866. Children, born at Lyndeborough : 

1. CORA M., b. Jan. 28, 1884, d. Nov. 26, 1892. 

2. NELLIE B., b. July 15, 1885, m. Oct. 16, 1902, Fred Carson 

of Mont Vernon. He is the son of Frank and Edith (Car- 
son) Carson. 

3. OLIVE U., b. July 20, 1887. 

4. MAUD G., b. Feb. 25, 1889. 

5. ELLA M., b. Aug. 12, 1890. 

6. PEARL V., b. June 28, 1892. 

7. CHESTER E., b. May n, 1894. 

8. OSCAR A., b. Aug. 10, 1896. 

9. RUTH M., b. Jan. 22, 1899. 

10. Son, b. Nov. 27, 1900, d. Nov. 27, 1900. 

FRED A. RICHARDSON, son of John and Sarah A. (Barnes) Rich- 
ardson; born Aug. 22, 1843; married Jan. 7, 1868, Hannah J., daughter of 
Loammi and Charlotte (Bradford) Baldwin of Wilton. She was born 
Sept. 1 6, 1841. He was educated in the common schools of Lyndebor- 
ough and at Francestown Academy. He was born on the old homestead, 
and with some brief exceptions has always lived there. In 1877 he 
bought the farm. He has made the production of milk for the Boston 
market the chief branch of his farming, and has been very successful in 
that line. He keeps his land in a high state of cultivation, and seems to 
have inherited his father's inclination to have his farm work thoroughly 
well done. He has held many offices of trust in the milk producers' as- 
sociation and town affairs. He has been selectman a number of terms, 
and represented the town in the legislature of 1891. He was in the mili- 
tary service during the Civil War. (See Chap. X.) 

1. GEORGE A., b. Dec. 30, 1868, d. April 2, 1875. 


FRED PERLEY RICHARDSON born Dec. 31, 1882; married May 25, 
1904, Bertha E., daughter of Ellery and Mary (Griggs) Nourse. Child : 

i. BLANCHE MAY, b. Aug. 5, 1905. 

NATHAN RICHARDSON, son of Timothy and Judith (Reynolds) 
Richardson ; born Sept. 28, 1815 ; married May 6, 1846, Sarah, daughter 
of James and Sally (Parker) Bruce of Mont Vernon. She was born April 
14, 1820; died Aug. 3, 1888. He died June 8, 1899. He was a man who 
avoided all public office and devoted his time to the management of his 
business affairs, to the improvement of his farm. He was a man of great 
industry and was a very successful farmer. Children : 

i. EDWARD B., b. Dec. 3, 1847, m. Sept. 28, 1875, Ida F., dau. 


of Calvin and Nancy (Taylor) I^ord of Francestown. He d. 
March 12, 1889. 

2. SARAH E., b. Oct. 27, 1850, m. May 21, 1874, Stephen H. 

Dunbar of Wilton. He was b. Feb. 20, 1836, d. June 7, 
x899. Children: Effie E., Charles H. 

3. ELLA F., b. March 12, 1854, m. Jan. 4, 1886, EH J. Curtis 

of Wilton. She d. June 27, 1891. Children: Edward R., 
Sarah M. 

4. HARRY J., b. April 25, 1862, m. Aug. 6, 1897, Mrs. Ida M. 

Minot, dau. of Solon B. and Annie (Sargent) Graves of 
Boston, b. May 24, 1860. She has one son by former m., 
Chester S. Minot, b. April 3, 1891. 


WILLIAM RICHARDSON, son of William and Mary (Pearson) Rich- 
ardson ; born at Lyndeborough July i, 1791 ; married May 21, 1814, 
Lydia, daughter of Daniel and Hannah (Johnson) Putnam, b. Aug. 9, 
1796; died in Milfordjan. 9, 1865. In 1848 he removed to Milford. He 
died May 20, 1858. Children, born at Lyndeborough : 

1. MARY, b. July 28, 1815, m. Nov. 3, 1839, Thomas Dunning 

of Nashua. She d. Feb. 25, 1841. 

2. ELIZA, b. Nov. 14, 1816, m. Dec. 25, 1839, Benjamin F. 

Hutchinson of Milford. 

3. WILLIAM P., b. Sept. n, 1818, m. April 15, 1845, Julia A. 

Godkin of Haverhill, Mass. He d. at Milford Jan. 9, 1893. 

4. CAROLINE, b. July 3, 1820, d. April, 1824. 

5. HANNAH, b. May 6, 1822, m. June 16, 1842, Nathaniel Mar- 

shall of Nashua. 

6. JOHN, b. July 7, 1824, m. May i, 1854, Jane Dwinnell. He 

d. at Mechanics Falls, Oct. 7, 1893. 

7. DAVID GAGE, b. March 30, 1826, m. Nov. 28, 1854, Susan 

Bancroft of Reading, Mass. 

8. JONATHAN P., + 

9. L/YDIA A., b. Feb. 25, 1830, m. May 4, 1868, Eugene 

Hutchinson of Milford. d. in New Mexico Jan. 12, 1885. 

10. CHARLES A, b. Feb. 15, 1839, m. April 16, 1865, AbbieT., 
dau. of Eugene, Jr., and Phebe B. (Raymond) Hutchinson. 
She was born Nov. 7, 1844. He is a farmer and resides 
near Richardson Crossing, Milford. He is a frequent visi- 
tor to his native town, and the musical ability and talent of 
his wife have contributed much to the success of our social 
gatherings and celebrations. They have five children, b. 


at Milford : George H., Ada M., Hattie E., Harry P., 
Arthur C. 

JONATHAN P. RICHARDSON, son of William and Lydia (Putnam) 
Richardson; born April 3, 1828; married Rhoda M., daughter of Levi 
and Rhoda (Pettingill) Tyler Dec. 14, 1852. She was born Nov. 29, 1829. 
He was a soldier in the Civil War, and died in Danville Prison Nov. 17, 
1864. (See Chap. X.) Children, born in Lyndeborough : 

1. ANNABEL, b. May 3, 1854, d. Oct. 14, 1854. 

2. EDWIN, b. Nov. 13, 1858, d. Aug. 26, 1859. 


CHARLES D. RILEY was born Nov. 15, 1868 ; married Abbie J. Man- 
zer of Stoneham, Mass., May 10, 1890. Came to Lyndeborough from 
Stoneham, Mass. Children : 

1. FLORENCE A., b. June 23, 1891. 

2. GRACE I,., b. Sept. 5, 1893. 

3. ETHEL A., b. Feb. 23, 1895. 

4. CHARLES D. G., b. Oct. 15, 1898. 

5. OLIVE M., b. Oct. 22, 1900. 


EDWARD E. ROGERS, son of Harrison E. and Francelia (Shattuck) 
Rogers, born Jan. 4, 1870, at Queechee, Vt.; married Dec. 25, 1890, Zephia, 
daughter of George and Stella (Geer) Ruggles, born May 20, 1873. He 
came to Lyndeborough from Bradford, N. H., in 1900, and bought the 
Benjamin B. Ames place, North Lyndeborough. Is employed as over- 
seer of the napping room, Amoskeag Mills, Manchester. 


ABRAHAM ROSE, was born in Scituate, Mass., whence at an early 
age he removed to Sandwich, Mass. He was born in 1759, and came to 
Lyndeborough in 1787. Although a young man when he came, his life 
had been an eventful one. At the commencement of the Revolutionary 
War, when only seventeen years of age, he enlisted for three months, and 
at the close of his term of service re-enlisted for the war, serving seven 
and one-half years with the Continental Army. He endured the suffer- 
ings of the winter at Valley Forge and witnessed the final triumph at the 
surrender of Cornwallis at Yorktown. After the close of the war he 
shipped before the mast and was a sailor for three years. Tiring of the 
hardships and perils which were the lot of the seamen of those days, and 
desirous of a more quiet life, he settled on a farm, on what has since 
been named for him, "Rose mountain." It is said there were buildings 
on the land he bought, but who the former owners were is uncertain. He 
was tall and straight, and even at the advanced age of ninety-two years 
maintained an erect military carriage, the result of long years of army 
drill. He was positive in his opinions, blunt and direct in speech, and 
when he had anything to say it was expressed in no uncertain terms. 


Rev. Mr. Claggett says of him in an obituary notice published in the 
" Farmer's Cabinet." "The character of this remarkable man exhibited 
traits worthy of remark. His patriotism was firm and abiding. The 
' Spirit of '76 ' was never eradicated. With the honor of his country he 
felt himself identified, and in her welfare he felt a deep interest. Like 
other people of great age, he remembered best the history of his early 
life, especially the hardships, the perils and the battles of the Revolution, 
and was never tired of recounting them to others with the readiness and 
enthusiasm of an eye witness. He was obliging as a neighbor, and more 
correct in his habits than would have been expected of one who had 
passed so much of his early life in the camp and forecastle. For several 
years he enjoyed the benefit of a pension, and during his days of help- 
lessness and infirmity received the filial attention of his only son, with 
whom he lived." 

He married Deziah Fish of Sandwich, Mass. She was born July, 1758, 
and died Nov. 18, 1854. They were married before coming to L,yndebor- 
ough. He died Dec. 16, 1851. Seven children were born to them while 
residing on the mountain farm. Before his death he removed to the 
farm formerly owned by Solomon Cram, then owned by his son Brackley, 
now owned by his great-grandson, Willard Rose. (For his military rec- 
ord see Chap. VII.) Children : 

1. ANNA H., b. Dec. 29, 1788, d. Nov. 2, 1807. 

2. GIDEON, b. Nov. 29, 1790, d. April 16, 1814. 

3. CATHERINE, b. March 30, 1792, d. Jan. 4, 1879, m. - 


4. PATTY, b. July 21, 1794, m. Phineas Kidder of L,yndebor- 

ough. (See Kidder gen.) 

5. BRACKLEY, -(- 

6. ABRAHAM, JR., b. June n, 1800. 

7. DEZIAH, b. Nov. 25, 1802. 

BRACKLEY ROSE, son of Abraham and Deziah (Fish) Rose; born 
May 2, 1796; died Dec. 29, 1878; married first, Dec. 12, 1821, Sarah But- 
terfield of Lyndeborough ; married second, Sally Chamberlain of West- 
ford, Mass., Feb. 15, 1835. Children by first wife : 

1. BRACKLEY, JR., -f- 

2. SARAH A., b. May 25, 1824, d. May 13, 1850. 

3. HANNAH J., b. May 31, 1827, m. first, June 15, 1869, Rufus 

Hardy of Greenfield, N. H. He was born June 12, 1820, d. 
Dec. 21, 1869.; m. second, Charles H. Holt of L,ydebor- 
ough. (See Holt gen.) 

4. DEZIAH, b. May 28, 1832, d. Sept. u, 1845. 
By second wife : 

5. GEORGE, + 

BRACKLEY ROSE, son of Brackley and Sarah (Butterfield) Rose, 
born May 15, 1822 ; married first, Nov. 7, 1850, Abigail B. Rutherford. 


She was born Oct. 22, 1827; died April 17, 1879; married second, L,ydia 
Wilson. Children, all by first wife : 

1. GEORGE B.. b. March, 1853. 

2. SARAH J., b. Sept. 3, 1856, in. Merrill T. Spalding. (See 

Spalding gen.) 

3. EDWARD L,., b. June, 1858, m. Abby Andrews of New Bos- 


4. ABBIE A., b. July 7, 1859, d. July 30, 1879. 

5. MINNIE) F., b. May 14, 1865, m. Frank E. Cummings of 

Lyndeborough. (See Cummings gen.) 

GEORGE ROSE, son of Brackley and Sally (Chamberlain) Rose, 
born Aug. 28, 1836 ; married first, Hattie M., daughter of Obed and 
Phebe (Holt") Goldthwaite of Greenfield, Oct. 30, 1859; born 1841; died 
March 22, 1872; married second, Sarah A., daughter of Benjamin and 
Betsey (Hunt) Reed of Westford, Mass, Oct. 13, 1874. She was born Feb. 
16, 1839. He has served the town on the board of selectmen many terms, 
and also on the board of education. Thoroughly conservative in all 
things, of sound judgment, he was a man whose services were always of 
value. He died Aug. 18, 1903. Children, all by first wife : 

1. JENNIE), b. June 18, 1861. 

2. NELLIE; F., b. June 18, 1863; d. Sept. 4, 1865. 

3. L,ORA, b. Jan. 31, 1866, m. Clarence H. L,each of Rockland, 

Me., Oct. 21, 1896. Res. in Winthrop, Mass. 

4. ALWYN, b. June 4, 1869, m. Catherine lyonegan of New 

York. Child: Marrienna, b. Nov. i, 1896. 

5. WILLARD, + 

ROSE, son of George and Hattie M. (Goldthwaite) Rose, 
born July 8, 1871 ; married Maggie M., daughter of James and Ellen 
(Banks) Chute, Nov. 20, 1894. Children : 

1. VIOLA M., b. March 26, 1896. 

2. EILEEN, b. May 9, 1900. 


SAMUEL ROSS, the father of the Ross family in Lyndeborough, was 
born at Glasco, Scotland, June 20, 1820. He was a glass blower by occu- 
pation. He came to America and on the breaking out of the Civil War 
enlisted as a private in Co. B, nth Regt., Conn. Vol. He was wounded 
at the Battle of Gettysburg, and from its effects he died at Westford, 
Conn, July u, 1870. He married at Ellensville, N. Y., in 1839, Sarah 
McMullen. She was born at Sterbridge, England, Aug. 8, 1822. Soon 
after the death of her husband she removed with her family to Lynde- 
borough, coming from Ellensville, N. Y., in 1873. She died in Lynde- 
borough, May 2, 1901. Children: 
i. GEORGE, b. at Ellensville, N. Y., 1840, d. there in 1844. 


2. JOHN, b. at Ellensville, 1842. Was a private in Co. A, loth 

Regt., Conn. Vol., and was killed at Kingston, N. C., Dec. 
14, 1862. 

3. MARY EI^EN, b. at Ellensville, N. Y., in 1844, m. An- 

toine A. Farnham of Westford, Conn. He d. at Lynde- 
borough, April 13, 1882. Children: John H., b. at Stod- 
dard, April 19, 1863, d. at Lyndeborough, Feb. 25, 1886. 
Nellie M., b. at Lyndeborough, April 22, m. Willie F. 
Herrick. (See Herrick gen.) 

4. SARAH A., b. at Ellensville, 1846, m. Albert S. Works of 

Westford, Conn., d. at Merrow Station, Conn. 

5. GEORGE A., -(- 

6. RICHARD H., b. at Stoddard, June, 1850, in. Augusta M. 

Shedd. He d. Jan. 6, 1900. Their children b. at Lynde- 
borough : Sarah A., b. July 4, 1885; Ernest E., b. Nov. 4, 

7. MARGARET J., b. at Stoddard, Nov. 30, 1852, m. H. L. 

Lillibridge of Westford, Conn. Child : Wallace L. 

8. RUTH T., b. at Stoddard, March 15, 1854, m. John J. Gang- 

loff of Brooklyn, N. Y. He d. at Lyndeborough, June 23, 
1890. She d. at Lyndeborough, Dec. 19, 1888. Chil- 
dren: Edna A., b. May 30, 1880, at Lyndeborough: Wil- 
liam J., b. at Woodbury, N. J., Dec. i, 1885. 

9. SAMUEL, b. at Wellington, Conn., March 30, 1856, m. 1880, 

Lelia Cutter. She d. Oct. 4, 1884. Child : Harry B., b. 
February, 1881. 

10. THOMAS, b. at Wellington, Conn., May, 1858, m. Eva 
Cutter of Lyndeborough. She d. at Scranton, Penn., Jan- 
uary, 1892. Child: Florence B., b. at Lyndeborotigh, 
June, 1884. 

11. EDWARD, b. at Wellington, Conn., July 4, 1861. 

GEORGE A. ROSS, son of Samuel and Sarah (McMullen) Ross, born 
March 30, 1849; married Dec. 8, 1871, Araminta, daughter of Webb and 
Mary (Sanford) Wallace; married second, Sept. i, 1886, Mrs. M. Estella 
Davis, widow of Frank O. Davis, and daughter of James M. and Mary 
(Colley) Harriman. Child by first wife : 

i. LILLIAN B., b. Sept. 9, 1872, m. Oct. 24, 1894, Charles M. 
Woolsey of Livingston Manor, N. Y. 


JEDEDIAH RUSSELL was born at Reading, Mass., in 1751. He en- 
listed and served during the whole of the Revolutionary War, enlisting 
at 18 years of age and discharged at 25. Three years later, in 1779, he 


married Rhoda Pratt, of what place is to the writer unknown. Neither 
is the exact time he came to Lyndeborough known. Probably some of 
the older children were born in Massachusetts. He settled in the ex- 
treme southwest part of the town, on land which is now the farm where 
Dr. Richards lives. He built a log house south of where the present 
house stands, and a few years later built the frame house. His wife 
died May 29, 1818, aged 55 years. He died Feb. 17, 1848, aged 95 
years, 6 months. They were both members of the Congregational 
Church. Children : 

1. JEDEDIAH, b. Aug. 29, 1780. Rem. to Michigan. 

2. RHODA, b. Feb. 9, 1782, m. Ephraim Holt and rem. to 

Sullivan, N. H., d. May 29, 1818. 

3. HEPSIBAH, b. Oct. 28, 1783, m. first, Heman L. Sargent, a 

son of Joshua and Abigail (L,add) Sargent ; married second, 
Chamberlain and rem. to Ohio. 

4. EPHRAIM, b. July 6, 1785. Rem. to New York. 

5. JAMES, b. Aug. 8, 1787. Rem. to New York. 

6. CHLOE, b. Aug. 2, 1789, d. Feb. 5, 1808. 

7. WILLIAM, b. Feb. 21, 1792, d. Nov. 16, 1814. 


9. SALLY P., b. June 20, 1796, m. Asa, son of Jonathan and 

Margaret (Cram) Chamberlain of L/yndeborough, and rem. 
to Hanover, N. H. 

10. SAMUEL, b. March 31, 1798, d. Oct. 12, 1800. 

11. SAMUEL, 2ND., b. April 4, 1801. Rem. to New York. 

12. ELIAB, b. March 9, 1804. Rem. to New York. 

CAPT. EBENEZER RUSSELL, son of Jedediah and Rhoda (Pratt) 
Russell, born Feb. 17, 1794; married first, July 7, 1818, Artimesia Lynch. 
She died June 22, 1860 ; married second, Mrs. Elizabeth Needham, Aug. 
27, 1863. He died at South Merrimack, April 25, 1883. At the age of 
20 years he enlisted for service in the War of 1812, and was stationed at 
Portsmouth. At the close of the war he returned to Lyndeborough. 
Soon after his second marriage he removed to Merrimack. Children by 
first wife : 

1. NANCY, b. June 4, 1819, m. first, March 12, 1844, William 

Upton. He d. April 17, 1849. She m. second, Asa W. 
Farmer. He d. May 16, 1886. She res. at Nashua. 

2. ADONIRAM, -|- 

3. SARAH A., b. July 19, 1826, m. Sept. 2, 1848, Albert 

Cheney. Rem. to Madison, Wis.; d. April, 1898. 

4. AMANDA M., b. Feb. 10, 1829, m. first, June 16, 1863, John 

H. Giddings. He d. Aug. 6, 1868. She m. second, 
Henry S. L,owe of Greenfield. Res. at Nashua. 


ADONIRAM RUSSELL, son of Ebenezer and Artimesia (Lynch) 
Russell, born April 28, 1822 ; married March 8, 1849, Maria E. Lakin of 
Hancock. She was a daughter of Jacob and Betsey (Stanley) Lakin, 
born July 23, 1828. He died April 29, 1893. She died Dec. 17, 1903. He 
was a member of the board of selectmen for many years. Of a social, 
kindly nature he was liked by those with whom he associated. He lived 
where Mr. Eastman now lives and built the house there, a short distance 
west of Buttrick's mill. Children : 

1. CLARENCE R., b. June 22, 1850, d. March 30, 1870. 

2. ELLA T., b. May 7, 1852, m. Emery Holt. (See Holt gen.) 

3. IDA Iy., b. Oct. 13, 1854, d. Oct. 19, 1868. 

4. AUGUSTA A., b. June 4, 1857, m. William F. Field, Nov. 

2 5 1879. He was b. Feb. 16, 1852. 

5. GEORGE J., b. Sept. 17, 1863, d. March 4, 1894, m. Alice 


6. ANNIE M., b. April 22, 1868, d. April 15, 1870. 


JOSEPH RUSSELL settled on the farm in Johnson's Corner now 
owned by his grandson, Aaron W. He was born March 14, 1783 ; married 
Naomi Wilkins. She was born March 16, 1783 ; died June 2, 1869. He 
died March 14, 1827. Children : 

1. BURNHAM, -\- 

2. JAMES, b. Nov. 9, 1806, m. Mary A. Southerland. 

3. MARY, b. Dec. 9, 1807, m. John Kidder of Wilton. 

4. ORRIN, b. Ocf 19, 1810. 

5. AARON W., b. Feb. n, 1815, m. Elsie Presbie. 

6. CLARA S., b. Nov. 22, 1822, d. Sept. 6, 1824. 

BURNHAM RUSSELL, son of Joseph and Naomi (Wilkins) Russell ; 
born Oct. 21, 1805 ; married Jan. 29, 1833, Eliza, daughter of Ephraim and 
Betsey (Boffee) Kidder. She was born March 14, 1814; died Dec. 27, 
1894. He died June 22, 1874. Children: 

1. ORPAH, b. Dec. 24, 1833, d. Aug. 28, 1892. 

2. ORRIN P, -(- 

3. AARON W., -{- 

ORRIN P. RUSSELL, son of Burnham and Eliza (Kidder) Russell; 
born June 17, 1837; married Sept. 19, 1861, Marcia H. Hesselton of 
Nashua. He removed to Wilton and died there Dec. 12, 1891. Child : 

i. EMOGENE V., b. Oct. 9, 1866, d. June 13, 1870. 

AARON W. RUSSELL, son of Burnham and Eliza Kidder Russell ; 
born May 5, 1853 ; married Oct. 8, 1883, Lillian V., daughter of Robert K. 
and Betsey A. (Curtis) Lynch. She was born Aug. 30, 1863. Child : 

i. FRED W., b. July 9, 1888. 



WILLIAM N. RYERSON, son of Joseph Ryerson of West Sumner, 
Me.; born June 10, 1832 ; married Lois, daughter of Harvey and Lois 
(Cram) Holt, April 24, 1856. She was born March 16, 1836. He died 
March 24, 1885. Children : 

1. NELSON H., b. Nov. 26, 1859, d. March 20, 1879. 

2. WILLIAM, b. Dec. 22, 1866, d. Nov. 14, 1889. 

3. EMMA L/., b. Aug. 16, 1869, d. May 10, 1887. 

4. CLARA, b. Nov. 5, 1878, m. Frank A. Pettengill of Acworth, 

N. H. (See Pettengill gen.) 


JOSHUA SARGENT was born in Methuen, Mass., Nov. 25, 1757. He 
was a soldier in the Revolutionary army, and after the close of the war 
he removed to Dunstable, Mass. Thence he came to Lyndeborough, 
where he built and operated a "fulling " mill. The mill stood at or near 
where the mill now owned by James L. Colburn stands, perhaps better 
known as Buttrick's mill. He married Abigail Ladd of Haverhill, Mass. 
She was born June 28, 1760; died Dec. 28, 1843. He died Jan. 23, 1844. 
Children : 

1. ABIGAIL, b. Feb, 22, 1781, m. Jotham Hildreth, d. Aug. 24, 


2. HEMAN L,ADD, b. Sept. 24, 1782, m. Hepsibah Russell, d. 

March 17, 1806. 

3. MIRIAM, b. May 28, 1784, d. Aug. 26, 1800. 

4. POLLY, b. Sept. 27, 1786, m. James Russell, d. in 1824. 

5. JOHN, b. Feb. 16, 1789, m. first, Mary McMaster, m. second, 

Mrs. Sprague, d. Jan. 13, 1878. 

6. JOSHUA, b. May 5, 1791, m. Patty Burnham, d. March 24, 


7. BOD WELL, b. Sept. 7, 1793, m. L/ucy A. Briggs, d. July 28, 


8. RUTH, b. Sept. 6, 1795, m. Israel Putnam, d. July 21, 1845. 

(See Putnam gen.) 

9. L,UCINDA, b. Sept. 7, 1798, d. Aug. 30, 1800. 

10. MIRIAM, b. March 13, 1801, m. John Carleton, d. in 1880. 

11. NATHANIEL, b. Aug. 2, 1803, m. Mary Ford. 

12. SUMNER, b. July 7, 1805, m. Mary A. I^each, d. in 1893. 


DANA B. SARGENT, son of Cyrus and Samantha (Chase) Sargent ; 
born at Hillsborough, Feb. 3, 1847; married July 25, 1870, Elsie M., 
daughter of David C. and Rebecca (Fish) Grant. She was born Aug. 24, 
1847; died Aug. 2, 1902. He died March n, 1899. He came to Lynde- 


borough in 1880 and settled on the Levi H. Woodward place, where he 
lived until his death. Children : 

1. MARTHA R., b. Aug. 29, 1870, m. Aug. 27, 1902, Percy W. 

Putnam, son of Edwin H. and Eliza (Keyes) Putnam. 

2. HARRY D., b. May 7, 1876, d. Aug. n, 1877. 

3. WILLIS D., b. Nov. 5, 1880, d. May 26, 1899. 


Benjamin Senter was the pioneer of the Senter family to settle in 
L,yndeborough. He built a house situated about twenty rods south of the 
road from John H. Goodrich's to the schoolhouse in Dist. No. 4. It was 
here that most of his children were born, but he afterward lived in a 
house that stood between the Bailey place and the old Starrett house, 
North Lyndeborough. He had a numerous family, but of these we can 
get no record except that of Asa. There are no descendants of any of 
the brothers of Asa now living in town. Benjamin Senter was buried 
in the North Lyndeborough cemetery. 

ASA SENTER, son of Benjamin Senter; born Oct. 6, 1780; married 
Mary Christie of New Boston. She was born June 5, 1786; died Feb. 9, 
1859. He died Sept. 26, 1869. Children : 

1. MARY, b. April 22, 1805, m. George Worcester, rem. to Har- 

vard, Mass., and d. there. 

2. RODNEY, b. Oct. 23, 1808, rem. to Bedford, Mass. 

3. HANNAH, b. July 9, 1811. 

4. HIRAM, b. Aug. 6, 1814, d. July 4, 1854. 

5. ACHSAH. b. Dec. 7, 1816, d. in infancy. 

6. FRANKLIN, -f- 

7. ACHSAH, 2ND, b. Nov. 26, 1820. 

8. ANN E-, b. April 3, 1825. 

FRANKLIN SENTER, son of Asa and Mary (Christie) Senter, born 
April 21, 1818; married first, April 8, 1845, Pamilla, daughter of Varion 
and Mary (Thompson) Balch. She was born Jan. 20, 1822; died April 

9. 1854 ; married second, Eliza, daughter of David and Betsey (Gregg) 
Hovey, July 2, 1854. She was born Aug. 24, 1817 ; died April 15, 1897. 
He died Sept. 20, 1896. He was a quiet man, a neat farmer, and one who 
had the esteem of his neighbors and fellow-townsmen. He represented 
the town in the legislature in 1877-1878. Children by first wife : 

1. MARY A., b. Feb. 27, 1847, m - June 5, 1870, Almon T. 

Hovey of Peterboro. She d. Feb. 18, 1882. 

2. JULIA E., b. Oct. 16, 1848, m. Oct. 24, 1869, John A. 

Hovey of Peterboro. He d. Oct. 6, 1881. Their chil- 
dren are George W., Grace M. 

3. WILLIAM F., b. Jan. 31, 1851, m. Aug. 12, 1874, Emma F. 

Clark of Lowell, Mass. He rem. to Lowell in 1870. Is 


superintendent of repairs at the Lawrence Corporation. 
Has been alderman and is a successful and influential citi- 
zen. Their children are Percy W., Pamilla A., Arthur H. 

4. GEORGE R., b. Dec. 25, 1852, m. Jan. 18, 1879, Mary C. 

Parker of Peterboro. She d. July i, 1896. He rem. to 
Santa Barbara, Cal., in 1886 and res. there now. 
By second wife : 

5. CHARLES H., -|- 

CHARL,ES H. SENTER, son of Franklin and Eliza (Hovey) Senter, 
born Sept. 30, 1856 ; married Feb. 19, 1879, Susie, daughter of Sewall and 
Agnes (Green) Watkins. She was born Sept. 22, 1855. He resides on 
the homestead farm, North Lyndeborough. From 1881 until 1901 he was 
a member of the board of selectmen twelve years, and has filled other 
positions of trust in the town. He has been prominent in the grange 
circles of the county, and is a very useful citizen. Children : 

1. ANNIE M., b. Jan. 31, 1882, m. Feb. n, 1903, Fred A. 

Holt. (See Holt gen.) 

2. FRANK H., b. May 31, 1883. Was drowned in the river at 

Paper Mill Village, New Boston, June 27, 1896. 
3 and 4. INFANT CHILDREN, unnamed, b. Sept. n, 1886, d. 
Sept. ii, 1886. 


JOSEPH SHARP, son of John and Harriet (Wilcox) Sharp, born in 
Boston, June 14, 1834; married Nov. 26, 1866, Sarah, daughter of Solo- 
mon and Mary (Sargent) Cram. She was born June 12, 1844. He came 
to Lyndeborough in 1872 from Boston and settled in the south village, 
where he died May 26, 1903. Child : 

i. RACHEL A., b. March 31, 1881. 


ROBERT T. S. SHEPARD, son of Robert and Eunice (Scott) Shep- 
ard, born at Amherst, March 2, 1832; married first, May n, 1853, Irene 
B. Powers of Pittsfield, Me. She was born April n, 1834; died April 9, 
1865 ; married second, Nov. 24, 1869, Charlotte S. Kaime of Lowell, 
Mass. She was born June 9, 1836, at Barnstead, N. H. She was the 
daughter of John and Pamelia E. (Rand) Kaime. He came to Lynde- 
borough from Goffstown and bought the Edwin N, Patch place, where 
he has since resided. He died in 1905. Children by first wife : 

1. WALTER S., -+ 

2. JAMES F., b. July 30, 1859. 

3. AUGUSTA M., b. Jan. 21, 1860, d. June 26, 1863. 

4. AUGUSTA M., b. Jan. 30, 1864. 
By second wife : 

5. ALFRED K., b. Sept. 28, 1870. 


6. GERTRUDE M., b. Oct. 27, 1872, m. May 14, 1896, Ralph 
L,. Combs of Deny. She d. Aug. 17, 1898. 

WALTER S. SHEPARD, son of Robert T. S. and Irene B. (Powers) 
Shepard, born Jan. 9, 1855 ; married Elizabeth M., daughter of Harry 
A. and Mary (Harmond) Baker. She was born Sept. i, 1868, at Salt 
Lake City, Utah. He came to Lyndeborough from Camas Creek, Fre- 
mont County, Idaho, in 1902, and bought the farm in Johnson's Corner, 
known as the Willis C. Perham place. He was born at Lowell, Mass., 
and went west in 1876 and entered into the ranching 'and cattle raising 
business, returning east in 1902. Children, all born in Idaho : 

1. WALTER T., b. at Clear Creek, Aug. 4, 1885. 

2. CHARLOTTE M., b. at Dry Creek, Jan. 19, 1888. 

3. FREDERICK J., b. at Sand Creek, May 29, 1890. 

4. ETHEL M., b. at Sand Creek, Aug. 24, 1892. 

5. ROBERT Q., b. at Sand Creek, Oct. 30, 1895. 

6. NELLIE I., b. at Camas Creek, March n, 1902, d. June 14, 



JESSE SIMONDS came to Lyndeborough from Burlington, Mass. 
He was born in Barnard, Vt., December, 1809. His mother died when he 
was young, and he was brought up by an uncle in Burlington, Mass. 
He was never married and spent most of his time in the autumn and 
winter months in hunting and trapping No man in the state knew more 
of the homes and habits of the fur-bearing animals than he. He lived 
close to nature and the ways of birds, more especially game birds were 
an open book to him. Possessing an iron constitution he performed 
feats of endurance that were the wonder of the town. He lived where 
Robert C. Mason now lives and built the house occupied by him. He 
died June 20, 1885. He was the son of Daniel and Joanna (Balch) 


JOHN SMITH married Keturah, daughter of Dea. Ephraim and 
Sarah (Cram) Putnam of Lyndeborough. Children : 

1. BENJAMIN, b. July 3, 1777. 

2. JOHN, b. June 20, 1779. 

3. SARAH, b. Aug. 9, 1781. 

4. HULDAH, b. Oct. 12, 1784. 

5. KATURAH, b. Feb. 3, 1787. 

6. EPHRAIM, b. April 18, 1789. 

7. PAMELA, b. May 21, 1791. 

8. and 9. JACOB and RACHEL (twins), b. May 5, 1794. 

JACOB SMITH married Emma E., daughter of Joseph A. and Mary 


L. (Stephenson) Johnson. She was born Oct. 14, 1850; died Aug. 4, 
1879. Children : 

1. ADA G., b. July 4, 1870, in Westford, Conn. 

2. EDITH I., b. in L,yndeborough, March 16, 1879, m. Nov. 2, 

1898, John Dolliver. (See Dolliver gen.) 


JOHN SOUTHWICK was born in Danvers, Mass., Sept. 18, 1788; died 
in Danvers, Mass., April 19, 1847 ; married May 14, 1815, Elizabeth Rus- 
sell of Ipswich, Mass. She was born Dec. 3, 1792 ; died Oct. 14, 1877. 
They came to North Lyndeborough soon after their marriage, in the 
spring of 1815. He bought a potter's shop and a house nearly opposite 
the house of John H. Goodrich and carried on the potter's business for 
several years. The shop and house are both gone now. For eight years 
he drove a six-horse team from Francestown to Boston and carried all the 
merchandise sold at the stores. He loaded with country produce for the 
down trip and with groceries, etc., back. In 1841 he removed to Danvers 
and died there. Children, all but one born in Lyndeborough : 

1. JOHN RUSSELL, b. July 19, 1816, m. Sophia L,., daughter of 

Asa and Alice (Nutting) Kemp of Francestown Sept. 2, 
1842. She was born Aug. 26, 1821. He removed to 
L,owell, Mass., soon after his marriage and for forty years 
was an overseer of the " dressing" room of the Tremont 
and Suffolk Corporation. He was elected councilman in 
1865, and alderman in 1866 and 1867. He was a member 
of the Mass, legislature in 1876. In 1879 he bought a 
farm in Groton, Mass., and d. there Jan. 12, 1888. 

2. WILLIAM, b. July 14, 1818, d. Dec. 3, 1818. 

3. WILLIAM, b. Nov. i, 1819, d. Jan. 26, 1875, m. Marinda E. 

Parker of Salem, Mass., Jan. 26, 1844. She was b. May 
18, 1825, d. Nov. 12, 1881. 

4. ELIZABETH S., b. Dec. 6, 1821, res. at Peabody, Mass. 

5. STEPHEN A., b. March 31, 1824, m. L,ydia E. Daniels of 

Salem, Mass., June 15, 1859. She was b. June 10, 1828, 
res. at Peabody, Mass. 

6. DAVID H., b. June 25, 1827, m. Harriet L,ord of Salem, 

Mass., Sept. 24, 1868. She was b. Jan. 9, 1838, res. at 
Peabody, Mass. 

7. EDWIN, b. July 30, 1829, rem. to Colo, in 1849, d. Jan. 13, 


8 and 9. Twins, b. May 7, 1832, d. in infancy. 

10. BENJAMIN F., b. July 5, 1835, m. Oct. 20, 1868, Mary A. 
Osborne of Peabody, Mass. She was b. July 17, 1839. He 
was a soldier in the Civil War, with the rank of lieutenant. 


He was a member of the General Court of Mass, in 1888 
and councillor in 1895. 
u. A son, b. in Francestown, March 20, 1838. 


Edward, Stephen and Capt. Levi were the first of the Spauldings to 
come to Lyndeborough. Henry came a little later. Edward and Stephen 
were brothers, sons of Ebenezer and Anna Spaulding of Nottingham 
West, now Hudson, and they were probably born there. Edward was the 
father of Capt. Levi of Revolutionary fame. Stephen married Martha 
Foster, and Edward married Elizabeth. He bought lots 113 and 122 
north of the mountain. The former lot is just east of where Robert C. 
Mason lives, and the old cellar hole may still be seen. Aaron Woodward 
lived there later. 

Stephen bought seventy acres of lot 112 May 30, 1765, east of his 
brothers', the same year that his brother bought. It is said that Reuben, 
another brother of Edward, came from Hudson and settled on part of 
Edward's lot. It will be seen that they all settled on the north side of the 
mountain, and that the farm of the late Levi Spalding was the west part 
of their large holding of land. June 15, 1771, Rachel, a daughter of 
Stephen and Martha, his wife, was baptized, and it is probable that they 
all came to Lyndeborough about the year 1768, perhaps a year or two 
earlier. July, 1772, they are recorded as members of the church. Ed- 
ward and Elizabeth had five children, none of them born in Lyndebor 
ough. Capt. Levi was their only son. Stephen and Martha had ten- 
children, none of them born in Lyndeborough, but it would appear that 
none of these children settled in the town. Edward, Stephen and Reu- 
ben were of the fourth generation from Edward, the immigrant ancestor. 
Nathaniel, the son of Stephen and Martha Spaulding, was baptized Sept. 
8, 1768. 

CAPT. LEVI SPAULDING was of the fifth generation from Edward, 
who came to this country in the earliest years of the Massachusetts 
Colony, probably between 1630 and 1633. The first records of Edward 
make it appear that he settled in Braintree, Mass. 

Capt. Levi was born in Nottingham West, now Hudson, N. H., Oct. 23, 
I 737- J ust when he came to Lyndeborough is not known. He was se- 
lectman in 1768 and again in 1774. He was moderator in 1781, 1782, 1784, 
1786 and 1791. He was chosen representative to the General Court in 
1784, and was the second to fill that office in town. (For his military 
history see Chap. VII.) He married first, Anna Burns; married second, 
Lois Goodrich, Dec. 30, 1778. She was born Dec. 17, 1744. In 1800 he 
removed to Plainfield, Otsego Co., N. Y., where he died March i, 1825. 
Children by first wife : 

1. BETSEY, b. Nov. 18, 1759, m. Holt. 

2. OuvE, b. April 8, 1762, m. L/ovell Lewis, rem. to N. Y. 

3. EDWARD, -f- 

*Some members of this family spell the name Spalding. 


4. GEORGE, b. Sept. 14, 1766, was drowned when a young 


5. MARTHA, b. April 6, 1768, m. Joseph Knights of New Ip- 

swich, N. H., rem. to Ohio. 

6. ESTHER, b. July 7, 1770, 

7. LEVI, + 

8. JOHN, b. Sept. i, 1774. 
Children by second wife : 

9. BENJAMIN G., b. Sept. 9, 1779. 

10. SEWALL, b. March i, 1782. 

n. Lois G., b. Feb. 16, 1784, m. Stephen Abbott, rem. to 
Nashville, N. Y. 

EDWARD SPAULDING, son of Capt. Levi, was born Nov. 19, 1764 ; 
married Mehitable Goodrich, daughter of the Rev. Sewall Goodrich of 
Lyndeborough, Oct. 30, 1788. She was born Sept. 25, 1770; died July 30, 
1838. He early removed to Plainfield, N. Y., thence to Alexander, N. Y., 
where he and his wife died. Children, four older born in Lyndebor- 
ough : 

1. ANNA B., b. Sept. 15, 1789, m. first, George Grey, m. sec- 

ond, Loren Hodges. 

2. PHEBE P., b. Sept. i, 1791, m. Sheffield Burdick. 

3. MEHITABLE. b. Nov. 16, 1793, m. Samuel Crosby. 

4. NATHANIEL, b. Aug. 28, 1795. 

5. GEORGE, b. Nov. i, 1797, in Plainfield, N. Y. 

6. ELBRIDGE G., b. 1802. 

7. LUCY, b. May 20, 1804. 

8. WARREN, b. Nov. 10, 1806. 


ELBRIDGE GERRY SPAULDING, born Feb. 24, 1809. Was a very 
wealthy and influential man in the financial circles of New York state 
and the nation. He was state treasurer of New York, member of con- 
gress six years and the author of the "legal tender" act passed by 
congress during the Civil War. 

LEVI SPAULDING, son of Capt. Levi, was born Jan. 25, 1772; killed 
by falling from a high load of boxes, the sleigh running over him and 
breaking his neck. He married Clara Goddard and had several children. 

HENRY SPAULDING was born in Merrimack, N. H., Nov. 3, 1760. 
He was of the sixth generation from Edward Spaulding of Braintree, 
Mass. He came to Lyndeborough and settled on the farm where Mrs. 
Ann Cummings now lives. He married Joanna Russell of Dunbarton, 
N. H., Feb. n, 1787. She was born June 21, 1766; died Nov. i, 1853, 
aged 87. He died May 31, 1857, aged 96 years, 6 months and 28 days. 

Mr. Spaulding was highly esteemed by all who knew him for his many 


virtues. He was a genial, kindly man, fond of a story or a jest. It is 
said that he never had a sick day until his final illness, and that he rode 
four miles to vote for Fremont and freedom, when in his g6th year. He 
voted for Washington and at each successive presidential election after- 
ward. He used to say he never had but two serious complaints " lame- 
ness and laziness." The former he thought might have been cured, had 
it been taken in season, but the latter defied all prescriptions. Chil- 
dren : 

1. ACHSAH, b. Feb. i, 1788, m. I/evi Holt, 1811, d. June 2, 


2. HENRY, -(- 

3. SAMUEL, b. Dec. 8, 1792, d. Dec. 6, 1798. 

4. HANNAH, b. Dec. 21, 1794, m. first, Stephen Chapman of 

Windsor, N. H.; m. second, Elijah Gould of Antrim, 
N. H. 

5. ELIZABETH, b. April 9, 1796, m. James L. Morrison of 

Washington, N. H. He d. Dec. 25, 1840. She d. April 
i, 1851. 

6. I/UCINDA, b. Aug. 23, 1798, d. Sept. n, 1853. 

7. MARY, b. Sept. 20, 1800, m. Franklin Hadley of L/yndebor- 

ough. (See Hadley gen.) 

8. LEONARD, -}- 


10. SAMUEL, + 

11. LEVI, -}- 

HENRY SPAULDING, son of Henry and Joanna (Russell) Spauld- 
ing, born Nov. 17, 1790; married Lucy Duncklee of Greenfield, N. H., 
March 23, 1819. She was born Aug. 16, 1797. He removed to Greenfield 
and died Jan. 21, 1868. Child : Sarah. 

LEONARD SPAULDING, son of Henry and Joanna (Russell) 
Spaulding, born Oct. 2, 1802 ; married first, Ede Farrington of Green- 
field, N. H., Sept. 15, 1831. She was born Aug. 4, 1800 ; died Jan. 26, 
1856; married second, Elizabeth A. Fairbanks of Francestown, N. H., 
Dec. 8, 1856. She was born Nov. 23, 1813. He died January, 1890. 
Children : Leonard, Ebenezer F., Henry B., Isaac N., Augusta C., 
Sarah M. 

EDWARD PAGE SPALDING, son of Henry and Joanna (Russell) 
Spaulding, born July 19, 1805; married Mary Dodge of Fraucestown, N. 
H., April n, 1833. She was born June 23, 1812 ; died July 22, 1877. He 
died Jan. 20, 1887. He was a farmer and drover and for many years did 
a large business in the buying and selling of cattle. He settled on the 
farm where Mrs. Edward Parry now lives. Children, all born in Lynde- 
borough : 

1. MARY E., b. Jan. 15, 1834, d. Feb. 19, 1834. 

2. I,EVI PAGE, + 



3. GEORGE E., -f- 

4. MERRILL T., -f- 

5. HENY E., + 

6. ALFRED B., b. Aug. 16, 1849. He entered Dartmouth 

College in 1868. After leaving college he made teaching 
his vocation. He d. Nov. 9, 1881. 

7. SAMUEL A., b. June 14, 1856. 

LEVI P. SPALDING. son of Edward P. and Mary (Dodge) Spald- 
ing, born Dec. 25, 1835 ; married July i, 1863, Frances M., daughter of 
Ebenezer and Elizabeth (Mudge) Fiske. She was born March , 18*6. 
Children : 

1. FRED W., b. April 25, 1864, m. Oct. 17, 1901, Harriet M. 

Douglas of Brighton, Mass. 

2. MARY LIZZIE, b. July 23, 1865, m. April 18, 1889, Clifton 

Broad of Reading, Mass. Mr. Broad was thrown from a 
wagon on the road north of where R. C. Mason lives, and 
so badly injured that he died a few days later, Dec. 5, 

3. HENRY E., b. March 8, 1868, m. Florence Dolliver. 

m. second, Mrs. Fannie Smith. Child : 

4. HERBERT F., b. Feb. 25, 1870, d. Jan. 31, 1904. 

5. SADIE M., b. Dec. 7, 1874, m. Sept. 14, 1899, Perley P. 

Ray of Brighton, Mass. 

6. JENNIE A., b. April n, 1879. 

GEORGE E. SPALDING, son of Edward P. and Mary (Dodge) 
Spalding, born April 8, 1838 ; married June 12, 1866, Abbie J., daughter 
of Dea. William and Eliza (Anderson) Jones. She was born Dec. 23, 
1842; died Nov. 24, 1883; married second, Nov. 30, 1887, Mrs. Eliza P. 
Richardson, widow of Solon Richardson and daughter of Dea. William 
and Eliza (Anderson) Jones. She was born Aug. 30, 1839 ; died Feb. 19, 
1905. Mr. Spalding purchased the Jones homestead farm at the centre 
and has lived there for many years. He is extensively engaged in the 
breeding and sale of cattle, the Ayrshire breed being his favorite stock. 
Children by first wife : 

1. WILLIAM P., b. March 17, 1867; d. July 16, 1879. 

2. JOHN A., b. Nov. 30, 1872. 

MERRILL T. SPALDING, son of Edward P. and Mary (Dodge) 
Spalding, born April 15, 1840; married first, Mrs. Martha Snow; second, 
Sarah J., daughter of Brackley and Abigail (Rutherford) Rose of Wil- 
ton, Nov. 20, 1895. She was born Sept. 3, 1856. Was a soldier in Civil 
War. (See Chap. X.) 

DR. HENRY E. SPALDING, son of Edward Page and Mary (Dodge) 


Spalding; born Sept. 24, 1843; married June i, 1870, Annie Osgood, 
daughter of James and Lydia (Hersey) Frye. 

His boyhood was spent on the farm and was uneventful as^were the 
lives of average farmer's boys at that time. Since he was not especially 
robust his parents encouraged his inclination to study. At the early age 
of two and one-half years he found his way into the nearby district school 
and from that time he was a regular attendant during the short summer 
and winter terms which made up the school year. Some years the win- 
ter term was supplemented by a few additional weeks of instruction at 
home, his father employing a teacher for him and his older brothers. At 
the age of fourteen he left home for a student's life at Appleton Academy 
(later McCollom Institute), Mt. Vernon. Here and a short time ta 
Francestown Academy he pursued a course of study preparatory to enter- 
ing college. During the winter months he taught school as a means of 
earning money toward paying his expenses the remainder of the year. 

The breaking out of the Civil War found him just completing his col- 
lege preparatory course of study, and with it came the question of duty 
that so deeply stirred the hearts of millions. Responding to his coun- 
try's call, not mentioning all other possible sacrifices and losses, meant 
for him the giving up of the long coveted collegiate course of study, for 
which he had been working. The decision was soon made to offer all for 
the defence of the flag. 

Making his personal decision he found but a short step toward enter- 
ing the army service. No one under twenty years of age could be ac- 
cepted without the written consent of his father or guardian. This his 
father refused to give, not from lack of patriotism, for, according to his 
ability, he contributed liberally in aid of the cause, but from belief that 
lack of physical vigor unfitted the boy for the hardships of army life. 
Subsequent events and the fact that his regimental nickname was " little 
fellow " would indicate that this opinion was not groundless. The matter 
was earnestly discussed at home, but the coveted consent was not ob- 

A war meeting was held at the town hall. Several spoke, urging the 
young men to enlist, among them his father, closing his remarks with the 
offer of an extra bounty for each of the first four who would enlist. To 
the surprise of all Henry sprang to his feet and offered himself as the 
first of the four. The effect on the audience can readily be imagined. As 
the cheering subsided enlistments followed each other in rapid succes- 
sion. Together with about twenty of his classmates and friends he en- 
tered camp with the i3th Regt. N. H. Volunteers. His father used every 
argument that words or money could offer to induce him to return to his 
home and books, but finally yielded and gave unwilling consent, when 
convinced that otherwise the boy would follow the regiment as a hanger- 
on, without pay or rations. The papers were signed and he was mustered 
into the United States service only the day before the regiment was to 
leave camp at Concord and start for the seat of war. Soon after reaching 
Virginia he contracted typhoid fever. He recovered, however, sufficiently 
to march with the regiment to Frederick sburg and take part in that fear- 
ful battle. As spring came on he again became ill, this time with 
malaria. From this there seemed little prospect of his recovering, and 


his parents were notified that he would be discharged if they would come 
for him, he being too ill to make the journey alone. They sent their 
family physician for him, and this ended his career as a soldier. 

His early ambition had been to fit himself for a teacher. What he saw 
of the inefficiency of medical treatment in the army hospitals led him to 
abandon that and study medicine, for he wished to learn from personal 
investigation if there was not something of real value in the science of 
healing. Accordingly, as soon as his health had been sufficiently re- 
stored, he commenced the study of medicine under the tutorship of J. H. 
Woodbury, M. D., of Boston. He attended lectures at Harvard Medical 
School, and afterwards at the New York Homeopathic Medical College, 
from which latter he graduated in 1866. He immediately located in 
Hingham, Mass., where he soon built up a large practice, and where he 
still has a summer residence. In 1888, after several months of observation 
and study in the hospitals of Europe he opened an office in Boston, where 
he is now located at 535 Beacon St. 

He has been a prolific writer for medical journals and for national, 
state and local medical societies. He is rectal surgeon for the Boston 
Homeopathic Dispensary, physician to the Burrage Hospital, physician 
and obstetrician to the Massachusetts Homeopathic Hospital. He has 
been lecturer at the Boston University School of Medicine and at the 
Training School for Nurses. The profession has honored him with the 
presidency of the Boston Homeopathic Medical Society, of the Massachu- 
setts Surgical and Gynecological Society and of the Massachusetts 
Homeopathic Medical Society, and also with various positions of honor 
and responsibility in several national medical and surgical societies. 

At the age of fourteen he became a member of the Congregational 
Church at I/yndeborough, and has maintained an active membership in 
that denomination since. His wife is a native of Haverhill, Mass. Chil- 
dren : 

1. HARRY OSGOOD, b. May 4, 1871. He was educated in the 

public schools and at Derby Academy, Hingham ; gradu- 
ated from Williams College in 1894 and from the Boston 
University School of Medicine in 1897. He afterward lo- 
cated at Jamaica Plain, in the meantime making a special 
study of nervous diseases. He is now on the staff of the 
Connecticut Hospital for the Insane at Norwich. 

2. LOUISE MARIB, b. May 23, 1877. 

3. BKRNICE, b. Jan. 27, 1885. 

SAMUEL SPAULDING, son of Henry and Joanna (Russell) Spauld- 
ing, born April 6, 1808 ; married Ellen Shaw of Wells, England, March 
14, 1836. She was born May 13, 1819. He removed to Green Bay, Mich., 
and afterward to Waterville, Wis. Children: Annie M., Mary E., 
Christopher H., Ernmeline, Joanna, Charlotte B., Lucinda, Olive J., 
Samuel E., Violet M. 

LEVI SPAL,DING, son of Henry and Joanna (Russell) Spaulding, 
was born Oct. 3, 1809 ; married Caroline Prince of Amherst, N. H., Dec. 


3, 1839. She was born June 17, 1819, and died Aug. 20, 1894. He died 
June 28, 1891. He settled on the Spaulding homestead, and was a 
quaint and kindly man. A prominent trait of both his and of his 
brother Edward Page's character was a generous hospitality. If anyone 
was near them at meal times he was always pressed to stay and eat. 
Children born in Lyndeborough : 

1. EMMELINE, b. Aug. 31, 1840, d. Aug. 3, 1878. 

2. CHARLES, b. May 10, 1846, m. Emma W. Follansbee of 

Andover, Mass., July 24, 1876. She was b. July 24, 1855. 
Res. in Ashburnham, Mass. Children : Roy F., Helen L,. 

BYRON STACY, son of David and Louisa (Curtis) Stacy, born in 
Windsor, N. H., Nov. 18, 1837; married June 29, 1869, Sarah A., daughter 
of Joel H. and Esther (Putnam) Tarbell of Lyndeborough. She was 
born Feb. 24, 1850; died Sept. u, 1882. He died June 3, 1875. He came 
to Lyndeborough about 1866 and was a mechanic employed at the glass 
factory. Child born in Lyndeborough : 

i. MINNIE E., b. Oct. 12, 1872, m. April 26, 1899, George W. 
Hadley, son of L/evi P. and Minerva (Stevens) Hadley of 


GEORGE A. STANDLEY, son of Robert and Mary E. Standley, born 
March 3, 1871 ; married June 22, 1893, Myra, daughter of William D. 
and Ellen (Hammond) Cloutman. She was born Sept. 24, 1871, in 
Marblehead, Mass. He was born in Danvers, Mass., and came to Lynde- 
borough in 1902 from Lynn, Mass., and bought the place known as the 
Hildreth cottage. Child : 

i. GEORGE R., b. Dec. 28, 1900, in Lynn. 


HENRY M. STAYNER come to Lyndeborough from Amherst about 
1840. He lived where William B. Raymond now lives and died there 
May 16, 1843. His wife, Abigail D., died Jan. n, 1842. Of his children, 
Augusta married David Day of Gloucester, Mass.; Ellen married Capt. 
John Trevitt of Mont Vernon ; Josephine married Dea. Boylston of 


WILLIAM P. STEELE came to Lyndeborough from Lawrence, Mass., 
December, 1857; born Nov. 22, 1826; married Adaline E., daughter of 
Eleazer and Mary A. (Marshall) Putnam. She was born March 4, 1833. 
He was born in Sebec, Me. He was a soldier in the Civil War. (See 
Chap. X.) Was in the employ of the Boston & Maine R. R. for many 
years. Children, all but eldest born in Lyndeborough : 

i. NELLIE A., b. in Lawrence, Mass., March 24, 1853, m. 
Joseph E. Foster. He d. June 13, 1903. 


2. FRANK A., b. July 10, 1856. 

3. GEORGE W., b. Nov. 10, 1858. 

4. MARY A., b. Aug. 24, 1860, d. June 6, 1863. 

5. ARTHUR I,., b. May n, 1866, d. June i, 1867. 

6. EVA B., d. Sept. 24, 1872. 

7. MAUD, b. Aug. 7, 1869, m. Feb. 18, 1892, Charles E. Phil- 

lips of Swampscott, Mass. 

8. HATTIE D., b. Aug. 7, 1873, m. Jan. 18, 1900, Walter H. 

Murdo of Peterboro. She d. Aug. 8, 1902. 


JOHN STEPHENSON was the first of the name to come to Salem- 
Canada. He is said to have come from Jersey, England. He first settled 
north of the mountain in 1740, but evidently remained there but a short 
time, for hearing that there was grass over the other side and as grass 
was a prime necessity to those first settlers, he promptly moved over the 
other side of the mountain. The grass referred to grew in those meadows 
east of where W. J. Stephenson lives. Those meadows were undoubt- 
edly caused by beavers damming the streams. The resulting flowage 
killed the trees, and when the dams were destroyed and the land drained 
wild grasses grew in abundance. He bought two lots of land which in- 
cluded most of those meadows, and that land has remained in the posses- 
sion of the Stephenson family ever since. When the charter of the 
town of Lyndeborough was granted, April 23, 1764, he was appointed a 
committee to obtain the said charter March 5, 1764, and he was author- 
ized to call the first meeting of the new town. At this meeting he was 
chosen town clerk, thus being the first person to hold the office in 
Lyndeborough. He was continued in office several years. Most of the 
family papers were destroyed when Jonathan Stephenson's house was 
burned, and therefore the record is necessarily imperfect. Among the 
treasured possessions of his descendants is his commission to be a 
captain in Tenth Co. of the Sixth Regt. of Militia. This commission is 
dated Oct. 4, 1764, and signed by B. Wentworth, governor, and by I. 
Atkinson, Jr., Sec'y. Also a copy of the province laws of His Majesty's 
Province of New Hampshire, printed in 1771, and presented to John 
Stephenson by his friend, Benjamin Lynde, Oct. 28, 1773. He married 
Abigail Shepherd of Amherst. They had six children : 

1. JOHN, -(- 

2. ABIGAIL, b. Oct. 3, 1769. 

3. I/YDIA, b. Dec. 2, 1772, m. first, John Richardson; m. sec- 

ond, Davis. 

4. SARAH, b. Feb. n, 1778, m. Supply Wilson of New Ip- 

swich. She d. Dec. 4, 1866. 

5. WILLIAM, b. April 29, 1780, d. May 4, 1830. 

6. I/UCY, b. Nov- 25, 1782, d. Feb. i, 1814. 


*JOHN STEPHENSON, JR., son of John and Abigail (Shepherd) 
Stephenson, born Dec. 8, 1767; married Mary Hildreth of Amherst. She 
died Nov. 17, 1845. He died May, 1847. Children : 

1. SARAH, b. 1792, d. May 18, 1883. 

2. MARY, b. 1794, d. Dec. 8, 1881. 

3. JACOB, + 

4- JOHN, 

5. JOTHAM, -f 


JACOB STEPHENSON, son of John and Mary (Hildreth) Stephenson, 
born Oct. 2, 1803 ; married Dec. 17. 1835, Lucy Harthan of Greenfield. 
She died March 22, 1887. He died Feb. 17, 1867. Children : 

1. EZRA B., b. in L/yndeborough, Sept. 26, 1836, d. Oct. 4, 

1894, at Springfield, Mass. 

2. ABBY M., b. Dec. i, 1837, in Lyndeborough, d. Dec. 2, 

3. ALBE, b. June 29, 1839, in Greenfield, d. at Hillsboro 


4. LUCIA M., b. April 12, 1842, d. Nov. 8, 1844. 

JOTHAM STEPHENSON, son of John and Mary (Hildreth) Stephen. 
son, born Feb. 28, 1805 ; married July 20, 1826, Lucinda, daughter of 
Heman L. and Hepsibah Sargent. She was born Oct. 29. 1806 ; died 
Nov. 7, 1871. He died Oct. 14, 1883. Children : 

1. JOTHAM S., + 

2. MARY L,., b. March 12, 1830, m. Joseph A. Johnson. (See 

Johnson gen.) 

3. JOHN H., b. Aug. 29, 1833, d. June 17, 1867. Was soldier 
in the Civil War. (See Chap. X.) 

4. JONATHAN H., b. Sept. 21, 1835, d. Dec. 27, 1864. Was 

soldier in the Civil War. (See Chap. X.) 

5. ELIZA A., b. March 6, 1838, m. April 20, 1865, Herbert M. 


6. WILLIAM R., b. Aug. 10, 1841, m. Dec. 31, 1872, Lottie 


7. LUCY A., b. June 9, 1846, d. Aug. 17, 1870. 

8. SOLON A., b. Oct. 24, 1848, d. Nov. 12, 1849. 

JOTHAM SUMNER STEPHENSON, son of Jotham and Lucinda 
(Sargent) Stephenson, born June 29, 1827; married Sarah A. Powers, 
Jan. 24, 1862. He died September 8, 1905. Children: 

*The Stephensons were largely interested in the mill business in I,yndeborough, 
Jonothan owning a saw mill near his place and formerly one above the place where 
the present mill stands. They owned a saw mill west of the Forest road, near where 
Jotham S. Stephenson lived. 





JONATHAN STEPHENSON, son of John and Mary (Hildreth) 
Stephenson ; born March 19, 1807 ; married Sept. 30, 1843, Emily, daugh- 
ter of Eleazer and Rachel (Houston) Woodward. She was born April 4, 
1817 ; died July 6, 1892. He died Nov. 16, 1903. He was a man who com- 
manded the respect, confidence and esteem of his neighbors and fellow- 
townsmen. His strict integrity and sterling sense made his advice to be 
sought, and placed him in many positions of trust in town affairs. For a 
long series of years he had charge of the town's poor, and many of the 
buildings at the town farm were built or improved under his supervision. 
He was many times one of the board of selectmen, and, in fact, he held at 
one time or another about all the offices the town could give him. His 
house was totally destroyed by fire, but was soon replaced by a new one. 
He died Nov. 10, 1903. Children : 

1. MARIA H., b. Sept. 26, 1845, d. Sept. 7, 1879. 

2. EDWARD J., b. Jan. 15, 1850, res. in Rollinsville, Colo., 

where he has long time been a mining prospector. 

3. WILUS j., + 

4 and 5. ETTA M. and EMMA M. (twins), b. Sept. 12, 1859. 
Etta M. m. Frank H. Joslin. (See Joslin gen.) Emma M. 
m. Perley W. Hadley and. res. in Temple. 

WILLIS J. STEPHENSON, son of Jonathan and Emily (Woodward) 
Stephenson; born Sept. 20, 1852; married Nov. 27, 1884, Frances C., 
daughter of Benjamin and Caroline (Andrews) Goodhue of Hancock. 
She was born Nov. n, 1854. He lived in Colorado for a number of years 
in young manhood days, but returned to take charge of the Stephen- 
son homestead, which has always been owned by his ancestors since it 
was cleared of the virgin forest. Child : 

i. ERNEST J., b. May 8, 1893. 


GEORGE H. STEVENS, born at Francestown Aug. 13, 1834 ; married 
first, Dec. 25, 1862, Hattie S. Burnham of New Boston. She was born 
June 12, 1839 ; died March 30, 1872 ; married second, Sept. 24, 1872, Mary 
P., daughter of Dea. John C. and Pamela (Atwood) Goodrich. She was 
born May i, 1839. He died Feb. 9, 1901. Children by first wife : 

1. ASAHEL D., b. at Lowell, Nov. 27, 1864. 

2. ALBERT B., b. at L/yndeborough Dec. 18, 1871. 
Child by second wife : 

3. CHARLES E., b. at Lyndeborough April 3, 1874, d. March 

14, 1878. 


MOSES STILES, son of Samuel and Elizabeth (Gary) Stiles ; born in 


Boxford, Mass., Feb. n, 1704; married Oct. 17, 1737, Phebe, daughter of 
John and Sarah (Holt) Cram. She was born at Hampton Falls, July 8, 
1712. He lived on the Lakin place. Children : 

1. MOSES, + 

2. JOHN, + 

3. SAMUEL, m. Sarah Button. 

4. REUBEN, b. in Salem-Canada, June 13, 1749, was killed by 

the falling of the frame of the meeting house at Wilton, 
Sept. 7, 1773. 

5. ASAHEL, -f 

6. AARON. 

MOSES STILES, JR., son of Moses and Phebe (Cram) Stiles ; mar- 
ried Sarah . Children : 

1. SARAH, b. March 24, 1762. 

2. MOSES, b. June 6, 1765, m. Mary Holt. 

3. AARON, b. Sept. 18, 1767, m. Abial Sadler. 

4. MARY, b. June 14, 1770, d. Sept. 8, 1777. 

5. PHEBE, b. June 22, 1774, d. Sept. 5, 1777. 

6. SAMUEL, b. Sept. 15, 1776, d. Sept. 9, 1777. 

7. SAMUEL, b. April 19, 1779, m. Betsey Cram. 

JOHN STILES, son of Moses and Phebe (Cram) Stiles; married 
Susanna Chamberlain. Children : 

1. JOHN, b. Oct. 22, 1778, d. April 16, 1786. 

2. SUSANNA, b. Oct. 4, 1780, d. May 12, 1786. 

3 and 4. MESECH W., BETTY (twins), b. Jan. 20, 1783, d. Feb. 

10, 1783. 
5. JOHN, b. May 17, 1786. 

ASAHEL STILES, son of Moses and Phebe (Cram) Stiles ; married 
Sarah Button. Children : 

1. DANIEL, b. Oct. 21, 1768. 

2. ESTHER, b. Aug. 25, 1770, d. March 27, 1785. 

3. SARAH, b. March 17, 1773. 

4. HANNAH, b. Feb. 27, 1775. 

5. RHODA, b. Sept. 8, 1778. 

6. REUBEN, b. Dec. 30, 1780. 

7. ASAHEL, b. Oct. 20, 1783. 

8. ESTHER, b. July 7, 1786. 


DAVID STILES, son of Asa and Huldah (Bixby) Stiles; born at Mid- 
dleton, Mass., Dec. 22, 1779; died June 25, 1870; married Betsey E., 
daughter of Andrew and Elizabeth (Clark) Mack of Londonderry, N. H. 


" Squire " Stiles was a prominent figure in the life of Lyndeborough in 
his day. He was the third postmaster appointed in the town, serving 
from April, 1835, to May, 1837. He was selectman, 1839-1841, and held 
other town offices. He was for many years a justice of the peace, and 
was much engaged in settling estates. He was a surveyor, also, and the 
running of lines and surveying land occupied much of his time. He was 
a man of much ability, quaint and original in his expressions, and his 
opinions were much respected. He lived where William H. Clark now 
lives. He was a resident at different times of Temple, Wilton, Milford 
and Lyndeborough. Children, born in Temple : 

1. ELIZA J., b. Aug. 10, 1809, d. Oct. 14, 1868. 

2. DAVID, -}- 

3. FRANCES, b. Sept. 12, 1814. 

DAVID STILES, son of David and Betsey (Mack) Stiles, born Feb. 4, 
1811 ; married May 13, 1841, Maria M., daughter of Benjamin and Sarah 
(Clark) Goodrich. She was born April 23, 1810 ; died Dec. 31, 1885. He 
was the fourth postmaster at I/yndeborough. He was killed by being 
run over by a train at the railroad crossing above South Lyndeborough, 
Jan. 24, 1881. It was a cold winter morning and he was probably so 
wrapped up as to be unable to hear the engine. Children : 

1. BENJAMIN G., b. in L/yndeborough, Jan. 9, 1845, d. Jan. 

28, 1845. 

2. MARIA, b. in L/yndeborough,' Jan. 2, 1847, d. Jan. 2, 1847. 

3. DAVID A., -f- 

4. MARIA E., b. May n, 1861, at Mt. Vernon, d. April 5, 


5. L/UCY S., b. in Mt. Vernon, March 28, 1854. 

DAVID A. STILES, son of David and Maria (Goodrich) Stiles, born 
June 24, 1849; married Eugelia J. Brooks of Greenfield, Nov. 27, 1873. 
He taught school in Lyndeborough for a number of terms. Children : 

1. L/ILLIAN, b. May 15, 1877. 

2. EDITH M., b. Jan 23, 1879. 

3. ANNABELI,, b. Jan. 13, 1883. 

4. L/UCY, b. Nov. 21, 1886. 


DAVID STRATTON took a deed of part of the lot where Melchize- 
deck Boffee was located in 1745. This lot is now the farm of Andy Holt. 
The first information we have of him is that he came to Lyndeborough 
in company with William Holt, and built a log house about 40 rods 
south of where Andy Holt lives, and the two spent the first winter of 
their stay in hunting and trapping bears. Later William Holt bought 
the proprietors' rights in two lots now owned by Benjamin G. Herrick, 
while Stratton bought and improved the lot where he was. The farm 
was alternately owned by the Holt and Stratton families several times. 
We have made diligent search but are not sure where Stratton came 


from to Lyndeborough, but it is probable he came from Andover, Mass. 
Rev. Frank G. Clark says James Stratton settled on Cornelius Tarbell's 
right, and that David might be a son of James but it is more likely they 
were brothers. There is nothing in the town records to show that James 
had any children born in Lyndeborough, but there is the following rec- 
ord of the children of David Stratton and Eunice, his wife . 

1. EUNICE, b. June 13, 1774. 

2. DAVID, b. Aug. 25, 1776. 

3. JOHN, b. Jan. n, 1779. 

4. RACHEL, b. April 24, 1781, 

5. RICHARD, b. April n, 1783. 


EDWIN SWASEY, son of Benjamin and Lydia (Ladd) Swasey, born 
May 20, 1815, at Meredith, N. H.; married April 5, 1842, Mary E., 
daughter of Joel and Betsey ( Shattuck) Tarbell. She was born Feb. 2, 
1820. He came to Lyndeborough from Milford, Mass., in 1880, and with 
his wife assumed the management of the boarding house at South 
Lyndeborough village, owned by his brother-in-law, Joel H. Tarbell. 
He died June 4, 1904. Children, all but Mary E. born at Manchester : 

1. MARY E., b. at Lowell, Aug. 2, 1844, d. Aug. 24, 1853. 

2. EMMA E., b. Aprils, 1848, d. Oct. 18, 1849. 

3. EDWIN B., b. April 21, 1851, d. Aug, 21, 1853. 
3. ELLA M., b. April 20, 1853, d. July 12, 1855. 

5. GEORGE E., b. July 21, 1857, m. Mary Burns of Milford, 

Mass., d. Aug. 26, 1904. 

6. LAURA S., b. Feb. 14, 1860, d. August, 1860. 

7. LILLIAN M., b. June 17, 1866, m. Feb. 9, 1892, Oscar E. 

Cram. (See Cram gen.) 


ALBERT E. SWINNINGTON, son of Josiah and Sarah (Farnum) 
Swinnington, born May 30, 1855 ; married S. Kate, daughter of Eli C. 
and Betsey Ann Curtis, June 29, 1881. He came to Lyndeborough from 
Mont Vernon, N. H. Child : 

i. E. CLARABEL, b. May 2, 1897. 


JOEL TARBELL was the son of Thomas and Sarah (Barrett) Tarbell, 
born July 9, 1793 ; married first, Betsey Shattuck, daughter of Jonathan 
Shattuck of Pepperell, Mass. She died Oct. 29, 1829, in Bolton, Mass.; 
married second, Mary Mansfield of Rindge, Oct. 10, 1831. She was born 
Nov. 8, 1807; died Dec. 6, 1873. He died Sept. 18, 1851. Children by 
first wife, born in Mason: 

I. JOEL H., + 


2. MARY E., b. Feb. 2, 1820, m. Edwin Swasey of I^aconia. 

(See Swasey gen.) 

3. WILLIAM, b. July 4, 1824, m. Mary A. Noyes of Amherst 

He kept the hotel at South L,yndeborough for a short time. 
By second wife : 

4. L,Evi, b. Aug. 8, 1832, d. Dec. 9, 1832. 

5. CHARGES, -+- 

6. SoivON, b. in Mason, now Greenville, Oct. 4, 1835 ; m. first, 

Jan. i, 1863, Abigail Burton of Wilton. She was b. July 
29, 1833, d. March 28, 1887; m. second, Myra Gregg of 
Peterboro, Jan. i, 1894. She was b. Jan. 8, 1836. He d. 
in Peterboro. 

7. ALONZO, m. Sarah C. Piper. Res. in Manchester. 

8. HIRAM, -f- 

9. JOSEPH, -f- 

10. ESTHER J., b. Oct. 2, 1846, d. Oct. 18, 1849. 

11. Willis, b. Jan. 5, 1849, d. Oct. 14, 1849. 

CAPT. JOEL H. TARBEIvI/ was descended from Thomas Tarbell, 
one of the original proprietors of Groton in 1661. The name is not a 
common one in this country. Joel H. was of the fourth generation 
from Thomas of Groton. His father, Joel, lived for a time in Lynde- 
borough. Joel Harrison Tarbell was emphatically a self-made man. He 
had but'meagre opportunity for schooling but made the most of those 
chances. After the age of twelve years he was apparently thrown on 
his own resources, and had to fight the battle of life without much 
help. In 1828 he was at Bolton, Mass., caring for a stable and assisting 
in a drug store and the postoffice. While here he lived with Dr. Amos 
Parker and had five weeks of schooling at a Quaker school taught by 
Elder Frye in Berlin, Mass., walking to and from school morning and 
evening, this being the- only education ever received except from the 
common district school. While he was here his mother died, Oct. 29, 
1829, leaving him without a parental home. He returned to New Hamp- 
shire at the age of fourteen and went to work for Ebenezer Stiles of 
Temple, attending short terms of the district school in winter. He re- 
mained in this family until about twenty years of age, becoming ac- 
quainted with farm life in all its details. One year after the death of 
Mr. Stiles he went to Pepperell, Mass., and worked one season and then 
came back to Lyudeborough, where he resided until his death. 

At the time of his marriage he settled in what is now called the village 
of South Lyndeborough, and entered into the business of hotel keeping* 
and also farming in a small way. He soon found his business growing. 
Always cheerful and urbane, he made an model landlord, and his place 
was popular with the traveling public and with the summer boarders 
that began to come to the place. After about fifteen years at this busi- 
ness he changed to that of the general country store, which he and his 
descendants have kept until the present writing. Ever courteous and 


obliging, he built up a large trade for such a place. Always helping to 
make the village more attractive, he interested himself in all the material 
things that tended to its upbuilding. He was a kind and helpful friend 
to the unfortunate and the poor and needy. He was honored by the 
town in being elected to many public offices, the duties of which he dis- 
charged with fidelity. He was captain of the Lafayette Artillery Co. at 
the time they volunteered to go into the U. S. service, and his military 
record may be found elsewhere. 

Capt. Joel H. Tarbell, son of Joel and Betsey (Shattuck)Tarbell was born 
in Mason Feb. 6, 1816; married Jan. 15, 1839, Esther, daughter of 
Ephraim and Esther (Pearson) Putnam. She was born June 8, 1818; 
died Nov. 14, 1901. He died Feb. 14, 1891. Children, all born in Lynde- 
borough : 

1. SANFORD P., b. July 5, 1839, d. Jan. 7, 1842. 

2. CHARLES F., + 

3. SARAH A., b. Feb. 24, 1850, m. Byron Stacy of Windsor, 

N. H. (See Stacy gen.) 

CHARLES F. TARBELL, son of Joel H. and Esther (Putnam) Tar- 
bell; born Nov. 19, 1843; married May 18, 1865, Emily, daughter of 
Rufus and Martha J. (Upton) Chamberlain of Lyndeborough. She was 
born March 3, 1844. He died Feb. 24, 1888. He was a merchant at South 
Lyndeborough, associated with his father in keeping the store, and in 
general trade. He was elected town clerk in the spring of 1871, and with 
the exception of 1880 held the office continuously until 1885, when he 
was succeeded by Edgar A. Danforth. He held other public office, and 
was a courteous and efficient officer. He was quiet and anassuming in 
manner, and had the respect and esteem of his associates and towns- 
people. Like his father he was interested in military matters, and was a 
soldier in the Civil War. (See Chap. X.) Children, born in Lyndebor- 
ough : 

1. WALTER S., + 

2. CHARLES H., -}- 

WALTER S. TARBELL, son of Charles F. and Emily (Chamberlain) 
Tarbell; born Jan. 2. 1867; married Oct. 30, 1890, Lizzie G., daughter of 
Isaiah B. and Mary J. (Holt) Curtis. She was born April 3, 1871. He 
succeeded his father and grandfather in the business at South Lyndebor- 
ough. He is justice of the peace and prominent in several organizations 
and in social circles. Child, born in Lyndeborough : 

i. GERTRUDE E., b. Sept. 30, 1898. 

CHARLES H. TARBELL, son of Charles F. and Emily (Chamberlain) 
Tarbell ; born June 28, 1874 ; married Oct. 20, 1897, Annie A., daughter 
of Harlan P. and Maria (Stevens) Downs of Francestown. She was born 
Nov. n, 1871. He is town treasurer, and was for a while associated with 
his brother, Walter S., in the store at South Lyndeborough. Child, born 
in Lyndeborough : 

i. CAROLYN E., b. Nov. 26, 1898. 


CHARLES TARBELL, son of Joel and Mary (Mansfield) Tarbell ; 
born in Greenville, Sept. n, 1833 ; married Nov. 19, 1854, Emma F., 
daughter of Capt. Levi and Rhoda (Pettengill) Tyler of Wilton. She 
was born June 17, 1834. He died April 2, 1896. He was selectman in 
1871, and represented the town in the General Court in 1880-81. He re- 
sided in Perham Corner, where Oliver Perham first built, Children : 

1. NELO W., + 

2. FRED H., + 

NELO W. TARBELL, son of Charles and Emma F. (Tyler) Tarbell ; 
born in Lyndeborough, Oct. 25, 1855 ; married first, April 9, 1879, Anna 
L. Kimball of Wilton. She was born March 30, 1855 ; died Aug. 13, 1882 ; 
married second, Jennie M. Whitney of Nashua ; born April 21, 1861. Re- 
sides in Nashua. Children by first wife, born in Lyndeborough : 

1. SAMUEL K., b. Jan. 2, 1880. 

2. JOSEPHINE F., b. July 15, 1881. 

FRED H. TARBELL, son of Charles and Emma (Tyler) Tarbell ; born 
at Wilton July 21, 1870; married Nov. 8, 1892, Emma C., daughter of 
Albert and Sarah (Davis) Foster of Lyndeborough. She was born at 
Brookline July 29, 1872. Children, all born at Lyndeborough : 

1. PAUL HARRISON, b. Nov. 20, 1895, d. Feb. i, 1896. 

2. MYRTLE M., b. Jan. 13, 1899, d. July 12, 1899. 

3. AMY GLADYS, b. May 28, 1900. 

4. DORIS K., b. May 9, 1903. 

HIRAM TARBELL. son of Joel and Mary (Mansfield) Tarbell ; born at 
Mason, N. H., March 7, 1840; married Feb. 22, 1865, Martha N, Murch of 
Portland, Me. She was born Aug. 25, 1837 ; died May 5, 1903. He re- 
sides at Manchester. Children : 

1. ALICE F., b. Jan. 2, 1867, at L/yndeborough. 

2. FANNIE I., b. March 3, 1873, at I,yndeborough. 

3. ARTHUR C., b. May 26, 1875, at Manchester, N. H. 

4. GRACE K., b. Dec. 16, 1876, at Manchester, N. H. 

JOSEPH TARBELL, son of Joel and Mary (Mansfield) Tarbell ; born 
Feb. 22, 1844 ; married June 6, 1867, Amaret, daughter of Joshua S. and 
Sarah (Gilchrist) Lakin of Hancock. She was born June 26, 1847. Re- 
sides in Hancock. Children, born in Lyndeborough : 

1. SANFORD M., b. May 23, 1879. 

2. EDITH E., b. Sept. 19, 1880, m. April 27, 1904, Henry E. 

Fiske of Dublin. 


NATHANIEL TAY was born at Reading, Mass. He came to Lynde- 
borough from Nelson, N. H., but had previously lived at Fitchburg. In 
1820, in company with Elias Mclntire, he bought the farm where Dea. 
Nathaniel T. Mclntire lives, each owning an equal share. He married 


Rachel, daughter of John and Triphena (Powers) Kidder. She was born 
March 8, 1769 ; died at Lyndeborough, Sept. 6, 1828. He died at Lynde- 
borough March 23, 1836. His marriage with Rachel Kidder was his sec- 
ond marriage ; we have no record of his first. 


FRANK B. TAY, son of Jesse and Charlotte (Duley) Tay ; born in 
Bedford, N. H., Jan. 21, 1837; married first, Oct. 16, 1864, Elizabeth 
White of Middleton, Mass. She died March 9, 1865 ; married second, 
Sept. 26, 1872, Sarah J. Wright of Maiden, Mass.; married third, Oct. 4, 
1888, Mrs. Mary E. Goldsmith, daughter of Burnham and Mary (Sawyer) 
White of Andover, Mass. She was born Oct. 2, 1845. He came to Lynde- 
borough from Stoneham, Mass., in 1878, and bought the French place 
north of Badger Pond. He was a soldier in the Civil War. 

BRADLEY B. TAY, son of Jesse and Charlotte (Duley) Tay, built a 
house on the top of the mountain, south of R. C. Mason's, and resides 
there summers. 


ASA TWITCHEL came to Lyndeborough from Peterborough and 
settled on the place now known as the Twitchel place, North Lynde- 
borough. It is now used as a summer home by Mrs. M. A. Sweetser of 
Stoneham, Mass. We have endeavored to ascertain who the first settler 
was on this land. It was probably one of the Lewis family but nothing 
definite is known. People by the name of Crosby lived on the place 
at one time, and later Hezekiah Duncklee lived there. Mr. and Mrs. 
Twitchell removed to Peterborough about 1860. Mr. Twitchell had a 
sister, Mary, who lived with him. We have no record of the family. 
Mr. Twitchell used to display a large collection of geological specimens 
on his front yard fence, part of which was bought by the writer, and 
some of which are still in his possession. 


CAPT. LEVI TYLER, born Oct. 22, 1800; married Sept. 27, 1825, 
Rhoda, daughter of William and Sarah (Ballard) Pettengill of Wilton. 
She was born Sept. 5, 1803. He died May 26, 1870. He came to Lynde- 
borough in 1840 and built a mill northwest of South Lyndeborough 
village, afterward owned by C. Henry Holt and later by Hadley Bros. 
He was a millwright and carpenter. He acquired his rank as captian in 
the 22nd Cavalry Regt., N. H. Militia. Children, none but Erastus born 
in Lyndeborough : 

1. SARAH B., b. Dec. 19, 1826, m. Oct. 25, 1849, Abel S. 

Boynton. Res. in Wisconsin. 

2. L,EVI A., -f- 

3. RHODA M., b. Nov. 29, 1829, m. Jonathan P. Richardson of 

L/yndeborough. (See Richardson gen.) 

4. EMMA F., b. June 17, 1834, m. Charles Tarbell of L/ynde- 

borough. (See Tarbell gen.) 


5 ERASTUS F., b. in L/yndeborough, Sept. 26, 1844, d. Feb. 
24, 1845. 

LEVI ANDREW TYLER, son of Levi and Rhoda (Pettengill) Tyler, 
born April 17, 1828; married Hannah, daughter of Eli and Sarah (Lor- 
ing) Curtis, Dec. 24, 1853. She was born June 26, 1835 ; died Aug. 20, 
1884; married second, April 6, 1886, Mrs. Frances A. Bales of Wilton. 
Children : 

1. ISABELLE V., b. Jan. 27, 1855, m. Jerome B. Shedd of 


2. ANNA V., b. May 29, 1860, d. Feb. 5, 1897. 

3. OLIVA B., b. July 15, 1868, m. B. A. French of Wilton. 


ELIJAH UPTON was a descendant of Richard and Rachel (Rich) 
Upton of Wilmington, Mass. Their son Paul, born at Wilmington, 
Aug. 12, 1751, was the father of Elijah. Elijah was born at Wilmington, 
Nov. 6, 1785 ; married first, April 18, 1813, Alice, daughter of Aaron and 
Phebe (Farnum) Putnam. She was born at Lyndeborough, Dec. 7, 1792, 
and died at Lyndeborough, Oct. 25, 1832 ; married second, Sarah, daugh- 
ter of Thomas and Patty (Coburn) Bradford. Elijah the son of Paul and 
Jerusha (Richardson) Upton, died at Lyndeborough, Feb. 4, 1835. He 
lived a short distance west of South Lyndeborough village, in a house 
built for the use of the one that tended the grist mill there. Elijah 
was the miller for some years. Children born at Lyndeborough : 

1. ALICE, b. Jan. 24, 1814, d. Nov. 18, 1847. 

2. ELIJAH, b. May 29, 1816, d. Nov. 29, 1832. 

3. JOSEPH, b. March 18, 1818, m. Eliza A. Frost, d. at 

Nashua, March 24, 1885. 

4. MARTHA J., b. Jan. 14, 1821, m. Rufus Chamberlain. (See 

Chamberlain gen.) 

5. NANCY A., b. May 21, 1823, d. Oct. i, 1832. 

6. MARY J., b. Sept. 27, 1826, d. Aug. 3, 1830. 

7. ALBERT, b. Dec. 21, 1828, d. July 25, 1829. 

8. BENJAMIN F., b. Sept. 27, 1830, m. Addie Stewart of Green- 

field, Dec. 25, 1857. 

RUSSELL UPTON, son of Paul and Jerusha (Richardson) Upton, 
married first, Feb. 3, 1814, * Susan Dutton of Lyndeborough, and second, 
Lydia, daughter of Joseph and Chloe (Abbott) Gray of Wilton. She 
was born March 5, 1795. They were married Feb. 5, 1822. She was a 
sister of Dr. Israel Herrick's second wife. He lived where Adoniram 
Russell built near Buttrick's mills. By his first wife he had three 
children : Mary Ann, Susan and William, and by the second marriage, 
four children : George, Russell, Lydia, Albert. 

* She was the daughter of William and Susanna (Reed) Dutton, born Oct. 18, 1795 ; 
died Feb. 25, 1821. Russell Upton died Sept. 27, 1841. 



EDWARD K. WARREN, son of Laban and Helen (Kibby) Warren, 
born Jan. 28, 1863 ; married July 9, 1892, Minnie A., daughter of Myron 
D. and Susan S. (Bowen) Magoon of Greenfield. She was born Jan. 25, 
1873. Mr. Warren came to Lyndeborough from Greenfield in 1896, and 
bought the farm of Willis C. Perham, thence he removed to the village 
at the center. Children : 

1. CORA M. b. Aug. 23, 1893. 

2. EDWARD G., b. Aug. 23, 1895. 

3. HEI^N S., b. June i, 1904. 


OLIVER WATKINS, son of Jacob S. and Maria (Wheelwright) Wat- 
kins, born October, 1823 ; married Mrs. Ix>is Barrett, daughter of William 
Meserve, and widow of Moody Barrett. She was born April 14, 1822 ; 
died April 14, 1892. He died March 16, 1891. He came to Lyndeborough 
from Boston about 1860, and lived on what is now known as the Watkins 
place, North Lyndeborough, where he kept a summer boarding house 
for many years. Child : 

i. - , b. July 25, 1864, m. Sept. 18, 1882, Frank Gardner 

of Perkinsville, Vt. 


Thomas Wellman came from Wales in the early days of the Massa- 
chusetts Colony and settled in Lynnfield. Jacob, his descendant of the 
fourth generation, was the first of the family to come to Salein-Canada. 
Rev. Frank G. Clark says in his Historical Address, that "he bought a 
proprietor's right April 16, 1742, and occupied home lot No. 57, where 
David D. Clark afterward lived. The first house was in the field north 
of the present buildings. The house now occupied by Mr. Carson is 
probably one of the oldest in town." From the foregoing it will be 
seen that Mr. Wellman was one of the band of hardy pioneers, the first 
settlers of Salem-Canada. He was the son of Abraham and Elizabeth 
(Taylor) Wellman, born April 24, 1720, at L,ynnfield, Mass. He married 
Jane Johnson, probably of Dunstable, Mass., and it would seem from the 
records at hand that he came to Salem-Canada from Dunstable. Owing 
to the depredations of the Indians he evidently soon returned, for Jacob, 
Jr., his eldest son, was born there. That he returned to Salem-Canada 
as soon as it was safe to do so, is evident from the fact that his second 
child, James, was born in Salem-Canada. He was a captain in the army. 
(See Chap. VII). It is said of him, "that he faithfully discharged all 
the duties pertaining to the many offices which were conferred upon him 
at Lyndeborough." He died Sept. 22, 1797, aged 78 years. Children of 
Capt. Jacob and Jane (Johnson) Wellman : 

1. JACOB, JR., -f- 

2. JAMES, b. in 1747, d. in the army during the Revolution. 


3. ABRAHAM, b. in 1748, m. Rebecca Pearsons. He served in 

the Continental Army, and lived some years after the close 
of the war. He received a pension. Rem. to Maine about 


4. JOHN, + 

5. ANN, b. in 1750, m. John Howes. 

6. ELIZABETH, b. in 1751, m. Joseph Robeson. 

JACOB WELLMAN, JR., son of Capt. Jacob and Jane (Johnson) Well- 
man ; born May 13, 1746, in Dunstable, Mass.; married first, Hannah, 
daughter of Dea. Melchisedek Boffee of Lyndeborough. She was born 
May 5, 1745 ; died Jan. 28, 1793 ; married second, Elizabeth Moore. She was 
born Aug. 9, 1757; died in Sept., 1848. He died April 20, 1834. He was 
a soldier in the Continental Army, and in the winter of 1775 marched to 
Charlestown and encamped at Winter Hill, and was wounded in the Bat- 
tle of Bunker Hill. The next day he was carried to the hospital at Cam- 
bridge and when sufficiently recovered returned to Lyndeborough. 

It is related of him that in company with Thomas Johnson he was in 
the woods one day in search of timber when they saw a bear approaching. 
One of them had an axe in his hand and the other a handspike, and they 
held their ground, standing perfectly still. The bear came on until 
pretty near them, then stopped and began growling and making other 
hostile demonstrations, but suddenly hitched back a few steps and fled 
from their sight. Wellman said Johnson was paler than he was when 
facing the British at the Battle of Bunker Hill. At another time, in com- 
pany with another man, hunting bears, they had driven one into its den, 
in which there were some cubs. Wellman agreed to crawl into the 
cave, having first fastened a rope to his ankles and instructed his com- 
panion to pull him out if he jerked the rope. With his musket in his 
hand he cautiously crawled into the cave until he could see the bear's eyes 
glisten, then took aim and fired and lost no time in backing out. They 
then built a fire to smoke out the cubs. But after awhile they found the 
old bear dead, and the cubs, two in number, suffocated. To crawl into a 
den where there was a bear guarding her cubs would seem to require 
nerve of the highest kind. Children by first wife : 

1. HANNAH, b. Sept. 13, 1767, m. David Jennings of L,ynde- 

borough. They had two or three sons and a daughter. 

2. JACOB, 4- 

3. DAVID, b. Nov. 28, 1772, m. Sarah Faxon. Was county 

sheriff and d. in Washington, N. H. 

4. SAMUEL, b. Nov. 20, 1773, d. March, 1835. Was a soldier 

in the army five years, and went with the troops to the 
banks of the Mississippi River in 1792, when our territories 
were threatened by French and Spanish. He was a man 
of strict integrity of character. 

5. THOMAS, b. Feb. 4, 1777, m. L/ydia Knowlton, rem. to 

Maine. They had thirteen children. 


6. MARY, b. Jan. 2, 1779, m. 1802, Jonathan Bosworth of Hart- 

ford, Me. She d. Dec. 1825. 

7. BETSEY, b. Feb. 17, 1781, m. Jan. 30, 1803, Stephen Bos- 

worth of Buckfield, Me. She d. July, 1816. 

8. JAMES, b. Feb. 25, 1783, m. Jan. 26, 1806, Sarah Francis. 

She was b. Oct. 15, 1786. He rein, to Farmington, Me., 
in 1805. 

9. EBENEZER BRYANT, b. June 7, 1785, m. 1810, Carrie 

Parker, rein, to Maine. 

10. JOHN, -f- 

Children by second wife : 

11. WILLIAM M., b. Dec. 20, 1795, d. Feb. 19, 1812. 

12. DANIEL, b. Jan. 13, 1798, d. March 29, 1798. 

JACOB WEIvL/MAN, son of Jacob, Jr., and Hannah (Boffee) Wellman ; 
born Feb. 17, 1771 ; married Sarah Orne. She died April 4, 1866. He 
died Oct., 1817. Children : 

1. THOMAS, b. 1794, in. Irene Miner. 

2. SARAH, m. Francis Cram. 

3. HANNAH, m. Alden Casey. 

4. JACOB, m. Sophie Miner. 

JOHN WELIvMAN, son of Jacob Jr., and Hannah (Boffee) Wellman ; 
born July 18, 1790; married Betsey Moore. She was born Dec. 25, 1795. 
He was a member of the Calvin ist Baptist Church for fifty years, and was 
generally known as "John the Baptist." He died in 1855. Children : 

1. WILLIAM, b. Nov. 25, 1819, d. 1852, committed suicide. 

2. JESSE P., b. July 4, 1821, was supposed to have been killed 

in a railroad accident at Norwalk, Conn. 

3. NANCY E., b. Feb. 24, 1823, m. Daniel Sargent of Milford. 

4. JOHN, b. March 15, 1825. 

5. HANNAH J., b. June n, 1827, d. Jan. 21, 1838. 

6. ISRAEL W., b. March i, 1829, rem. to Stoddard. 

7. KEZIAH, b. May 5, 1831, m. Hiram Story, rem. to Antrim, 


8. JAMES M., b. Sept. 30, 1835. Was a soldier in the Civil 

War. (See Chap. X.) 

9. MARY J., b. Jan. 17, 1839. 

JOHN WEI/LMAN, son of Capt. Jacob and Jane (Johnson) Wellman ; 
born 1758; married Ann Thissell. He died June 30, 1826; she died 
March 23, 1851, aged eighty years. He was a soldier in the Continental 
Army. Children : 

i. POLLY, b. Jan. 2, 1779, d. Sept. n, 1863. 


2. JOHN, 2ND, d. Dec. 21, 1875. He lived on the same farm 
and in the same house in which he and his father were 
born. He was more commonly known as "Spud" Well- 


ERWIN D. WILDER, son of Cyrus and Nancy (Erwin) Wilder, born 
at New Boston, Oct. 14, 1828; married Jan. n, 1854, Sarah E., daughter 
of Peter and Elizabeth (Messer) Kendall of Dunstable, Mass. She was 
born Oct. 10, 1832. He came to I/yndeborough from Nashua in 1865, 
and in 1867 settled on the Daniel Boardman place, North Lyndeborough, 
purchasing it of his brother, Alfred. He is a carpenter and builder, and 
also a farmer. He was selectman in 1876, and is a man well liked in the 
community. Children, the three older born at Nashua : 

1. ALFRED E., b. Feb. 25, 1855, m. March 12, 1879, Charlotte 

A., dau. of John and Mary (Crombie) Andrews of New 
Boston. She was b. Nov. 5, 1848. He d. Dec. 19, 1903. 
Child : Mary E., b. June 23, 1883. 

2. CHARGES F., b. Jan. n, 1857, m. June 9, 1879, Mary F. 

Whittier of Newton, N. H. She was b. March 4, 1861. 
Children: Howard E., b. April 3, 1885; Mabel E., b. 
Nov. 27, 1888 ; Wallace W. Res. at Amesbury, Mass. 

3. ARTHUR W., b. Oct. 2, 1860, m. June 2, 1888, Clara E. 

Peaslee of Roxbury, Mass. She was b. June 2, 1866. 

Children : Erwin S., b. March 21, 1889 ; Esther W. Res. 
at Newton, ^N. H. 

4. WILLIAM C., b. at Lyndeborough, Sept. 13, 1868, m. Sept. 

21, 1892, Adria A., dau. of Emery and Ella (Russell) 
Holt, b. Jan. 8, 1873. Children : Bertha E., b. Oct. 26, 
1900: Gladys Elizabeth, b. at New Boston, Nov. 21, 
1901 ; Carl Emery, b. Aug. 27, 1903 ; Ruth Gertrude, b. 
at I/yndeborough, June 5, 1905. 

ALFRED WILDER, a brother of Erwin D., born in 1826; came to 
Lyndeborough from Nashua and lived for a few years on the Boardman 
place. He married Naomi McConnihee of Mont Vernon. He removed 
to Greenville and later to Milford, where he died December, 1898. Of 
his four children one, George, was born in Lyndeborough, Oct. 25, 1865. 


EDWIN C. WILKERSON, son of Herbert and Flora (Putnam) 
Wilkerson, born Aug. 20, 1873, i fl Wilton ; married Rebecca, daughter of 
Hugh and Margaret (Archie) Morrison of Yorkshire, England, Nov. 20, 
1895. She was born Aug. 13, 1871. Children born in Lyndeborough : 

i. HILDA M., b. July 7, 1897. 


2. GERTRUDE, b. Feb. 2, 1899. 

3. BERTRAM C., b. March 24, 1903. 


THOMAS A. WILLIAMS, son of James and Mary (Brooks) Williams, 
born at Manchester, England, Nov. 5, 1857; married Nov. 10, 1881, 
Hattie E., daughter of Phineas Collier of Boston, Mass. She was born 
Nov. 20, 1861. He lived at the Bixby place and was postmaster at the 
centre from 1889 until the office was discontinued in 1901. He was tax 
collector in 1900-1901. Resides in Boston. Child : 

i. HERBERT C.,b. Jan. 27, 1887. 

JAMES H. WILLIAMS, son of James and Mary (Brooks) Williams, 
born at Manchester, England; married first, Lizzie J. Leach of Waltham, 
Mass ; married second, Hattie E. Hapgood of Standish, Me. Children : 

1. ANNIE E., b. Jan. 7, 1876, at Peru, Me. 

2. THOMAS A., b. July 3, 1881, at Hartford, Me. 


ALBRO M. WILSON, son of Griffin and Elizabeth (Stevens) Wilson, 
born in Nelson, April i, 1846; married July 18, 1874, Rosa M., daughter 
of Edward and Betsey (Way) Sulham. She was born March 19, 1857. 
Was in the provision business at South Lyndeborough for a while. 
Removed to Milford in 1886, where he died April 14, 1902. Children, all 
born in Lyndeborough but the youngest : 

1. ALBERT G., b. Dec. 19, 1875. Res. in Milford. 

2. ELMER M., b. April 9, 1877, m. March 3, 1900, Georgia 

F. H., dau. of Stephen and Maria (Martin) Blanchard. 
Res. in Milford. 

3. GEORGE S., b. July 19, 1883. 

4. HAROLD L/., b. in Milford, Sept. 19, 1895. 


MILLARD WILSON, son of David and Lois (Messer) Wilson, born 
Nov. 27, 1851 ; married Sept. 5, 1880, Ida L., daughter of David and 
Lenora (Kendall) Morse of Alexandria, N. H. She was born Oct. 23, 
1859. He came to Lyndeborough from Greenfield in 1898, and settled on 
the Manning place, north of the mountain. Children : 

1. WILLIAM P., b. April 6, 1881. 

2. DAVID E., b. June 14, 1883. 


GEORGE E. WINN, son of Erwin and Jane (Pollard) Winn, born 
April 18, 1844, in Bennington ; married first, Feb. 22, 1867, C. S. Smith, 
daughter of Louis and Cynthia Smith. She was born June, 1849 ; married 
second, Nov. 14, 1892, Camelia W., daughter of Freeman and Ruth 


(Jackman) Elkins and widow of David S. Draper. She was born Sept. 
15, 1845. He was a soldier during the Civil War. (See Chap. X.) Chil- 
dren by first wife, all born in Wilton : 

j. GEORGE A., b. Feb. 4, 1868. 

2. MARY E., b. March, 1870. 

3. IDA J., b. Aug. 13, 1872. 

4. FRANK A., b. Nov. 23, 1879, m. Jan. i, 1903, Clara B., 

dau. of Daniel A. and May (Hoyt) Colby of Francestown. 


Nathan Wheeler was one of the early settlers of Temple. He married 
Lydia Adams of Concord, Mass., and it was from that town they came to 
Temple. They had three children. Nathan and Josiah came to Lynde- 
borough. The other child was Lydia, born Aug. 19, 1783. Nathan re- 
turned to Temple about 1820. 

NATHAN WHEELER, son of Nathan and Lydia (Adams) Wheeler; 

born at Temple, Oct. 20, 1781 ; married Rachel . Children, born 

in Lyndeborough : 

1. NATHAN C., b. May 9, 1805. 

2. EPHRAIM A., b. March 31, 1809. 

3. JONATHAN, d. April 16, 1809. 

4. LUTHER, b. Feb. 21, 1812. 

5. THOMAS, b. March 23, 1814. 

JOSIAH WHEELER, son of Nathan and Lydia (Adams) Wheeler; 
born in Temple, N. H., May n, 1786; died Oct. 4, 1874; married first, 
Dolly Shattuck of Temple, N. H., Dec. 31, 1811. She was born Sept. i, 
1788; died Aug. 14, 1845; married second, Mrs. Dorothy (Whiting) 
Killan of Thetford, Vt., April 29, 1846. She was born March 14, 1795 ; 
died Dec. 4, 1870. He built the house at the Centre known as the 
Wheeler house in 1813, and lived there until his death. He was a car- 
penter by trade and his work as a craftsman was done before the days of 
planing machines and other labor saving devices. He was thoroughly 
honest and upright in all his dealings, a sincere and earnest Christian 
and a constant attendant at church service. He had a quaint and dry 
humor, and was quiet and retiring in disposition. The boys all liked 
"Uncle Si," and he was never too busy to attend to their wants. The 
Franklin Library was for many years in his house under the care of his 
wife, and many of the books were of her selection. He was town treas- 
urer of Lyndeborough for thirty-one consecutive years. Children by 
first wife, born in Lyndeborough: 

1. DOLLY, b. Dec. 14, 1814, m. Henry I. Kimball of Springfield, 

Vt., March 3, 1840. He was b. April n, 1813, d. Oct. 25, 
1862. Children : L,ydia Annah, Alice Wheeler, Janie. 

2. L,YDIA, b. June 8, 1818, m. Thomas P. Rand of Francestown. 

(See Rand gen.) 


3. JOSIAH KIMBALL, b. July 15, 1822, m. first, Abby A. Marsh 
of Hudson, Nov. 22, 1849. She was b. April 23, 1827,0!. 
June 12, 1865; m. second, Abbie A. Wilson of New Ip- 
swich, Dec. 28, 1865. She was b. July 28, 1836. Mr. 
Wheeler removed to Hudson, where he has since lived. He 
represented that town in the legislature in 1871. Was town 
clerk and treasurer in 1869, 1870, 1871, and 1872, select- 
man five years, and was moderator for many years, which 
record shows in what esteem the citizens of that town hold 
him. He is a farmer and a successful business man. They 
have one adopted daughter. 


JONAS WHEELER was born July 31, 1801 ; married May 6, 1822, Mary 
Hall of Brookline. She was born June 2, 1803 ; died Nov. 26, 1862. Chil- 
dren : 

1. WILLIAM GLOVER, b. July 28, 1829. 


3. MARY A., b. March 5, 1833, m. C. Henry Holt. (See Holt 


4. MARTHA KARR, b. Nov. 23, 1834, m. Otis Chamberlain. 

(See Chamberlain gen.) 

5. DUSTIN H., b. April 13, 1837, m. first, Mrs. Lucinda Hall, 

m. second, Mrs. Dundy. 

6. MARCUS DE H., b. Dec. 13, 1839. 

7. SAMANTHA A., b. Sept. 29, 1841, m. Hiram Bailey, of 

Peterborough, res. in Burlington, Vt. 

SALATHIEL L. WHEELER, son of Jonas and Mary (Hall) Wheeler ; 
born Feb. 6, 1831 ; married Jan. 2, 1855, Mary J. Carpenter of Vermont. 
He died May 10, 1890. Children : 

1. MARY A., m. Charles O. Clement. (See Clement gen.) 

2. CHARLES L,., b. Nov. 5, 1866, m. Catharine Watts of Eng- 

land. Children : Florence, Ethel. Res. in Wilton. 

3. MINNIE, b. June 2, 1874, d. Sept. 21, 1874. 

4. MINNIE M., b. Oct. 23, 1875 m. George Blanchard < 

Greenfield, res. in Greenfield. 


JOSEPH WHITING was born in 1727. He married when he was about 
thirty years of age, Abigail Chamberlain of Dunstable, Mass. She was a 
daughter of Thomas Chamberlain, who married a sister of Col. Joseph 
Blanchard of Dunstable. Joseph Whiting came to Lyndeborongh in the 
spring of 1793 and settled on what has since been known as the Whiting 


place, in the north part of the town. The buildings have been torn down, 
but the site is a little way to the west of the No. 8 schoolhouse. He died 
in Merrimac, Feb., 1807. He had seven sons and three daughters. One 
of these sons, Oliver, remained in Lyndeborough. 

OLIVER WHITING, son of Joseph and Abigail (Chamberlain) Whit. 
ing; born Jan. 29, 1769; married 1793 Hannah Marshall of Billerica, 
Mass. She died Oct.. 1843. He died July 15, 1815. 

The Whiting family were prominent in town and social affairs, and at 
the time they were living in Lyndeborough the section of the town 
northwest of the mountain was the most prosperous and its citizens the 
most influential of any. Now it is grown over with bushes, and nothing 
but cellar holes mark the place where once were well cultivated farms 
and substantial dwellings, where were raised large families of children. 
Not much is known of the older families of this section. They are ex- 
tinct in this town. Children : 

1. HANNAH, b. Oct. 6, 1793, m. Jan. 29, 1824, Enoch Ordway 

of Lyndeborough. They removed to Jasper. N. Y., the 
next spring. He was very active in church work and 
started the first Sunday School in Jasper. It was held in 
his house for some time. He was drowned while going 
down the Canister River with a raft of logs May 14, 1851. 
She d. March 14, 1851. 

2. ALICE, b. May 29, 1796, m. Nov. 24, 1825, Samuel Dennis 

of Jasper, N. Y., formerly of Hancock, N. H. She d. 
Sept. 15, 1856. 

3. OLIVER, + 

4. OLIVE, b. Jan. 24, 1800, m. Jan. 24, 1822, Daniel Boardman 

of Lyndeborough. After the death of Mr. Boardman, she 
m. Samuel Dennis of Jasper, N. Y. She d. Sept. 16, 1860. 

5. THOMAS, b. April 30, 1802, m. Oct. 16, 1828, Sarah Cram of 

Lyndeborough. She d. June 19, 1889. He d. Oct. 31, 
1878. He traveled the entire distance from Lyndeborough 
to Jasper, N. Y., on foot three times. He went to Jasper 
and bought a farm, cleared some land, built a house, re- 
turned to Lyndeborough, married, and returned again to 
Jasper. He became very influential in church and town 
affairs, and was ruling elder in the Presbyterian church for 
many years. 

6. JONATHAN, b. May 8, 1807, m. 1832, Lavisa Wilkins of 

Francestown. He d. Dec. 21, 1868. He was much inter- 
ested in temperance reform and became a very successful 
farmer. He removed to Jasper soon after his marriage. 

7. ANSTIS, b. Aug. 30, 1809, d. 1831. 


8. CHARLES, b. July 25, 1813, m. Oct. 26, 1843, Sarah M. 
Wyman. He d. May 5, 1855. He graduated from Dart- 
mouth College in 1839 and became a Congregationalist 

DBA. OLIVER WHITING, son of Oliver and Hannah (Marshall) 
Whiting, born April 3, 1798 ; married Huldah, daughter of Ithemer and 
Huldah (Sharp) Woodward, April 19, 1827. She was born Aug. 2, 1795; 
died Jan. 26, 1885. He died Oct. 10, 1886. He remained on the old 
Whiting homestead until 1845, when he removed to Manchester. He 
went to Jasper, N. Y., in 1854. He was thoroughly identified with the 
life of