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Full text of "History of the town of Whately, Mass., including a narrative of leading events from the first planting of Hatfield: 1661-1899"

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BOSTOIN^ 
PUBLIC 
UBRARY 







%f^ 










■■'1 



m 



J'^oyy^^^ uk, 




HISTORY 



OF THE 



Town of Whatei^v, Mass 



INCLUDING A NARRATIVE OF LEADING EVENTS FROM 
THE FIRST PLANTING OF HATFIELD; 



1661—1899, 



AS REVISED AND ENLARGED 



By JAMES M. CRAFTS, 



WITH FAMILY GENEALOGIES. 



PRINTED FOR THE TOWN 

BY D. L. CRANDALL, JIANN'S BLOCK, ORANGE, MaSS. 

1899. 



74 



V 






Entered according to Act of Congress, in 1899, 
The History of Whately, 

Revised and Enlarged 

By JAMES M. CRAFTS, 

in the Office of the Librarian of Congress. 



PREFACE. 

When we undertake to gather all of practical interest, as 
well as what will give us a more realistic view of the noble men 
and women who were pioneers in ^he settlement of the north 
part of Hatfield, now the town of Whately, we can but be im- 
pressed with the importance of the work we undertake, and 
wonder at the paucity of the materials at our disposal. But the 
many years of labor and painstaking investigation leads us to 
give to our town — the place of our birth — among its people we 
were reared and spent the greater portion of our life, the results 
of our labors. 

We here give the salient portion of Mr. Temple's prefatory 
remarks, fully endorsing what he has said so well: — 

"Somewhat isol-ated in position, and with nothing of nat- 
ural advantages to attract notice — except the quiet beauty, and 
rich variety, and broad expanse of landscape, as seen from the 
central village and the hills lying westerly — Whately has held 
claim to no special distinction among her neighbors. But the 
public spirit of her people, and the generous liberality displayed 
in arranging and carrying out to a successful issue the com- 
memoration of her centenary, and in providing for the preserva- 
tion of her annals in the printed volume, are worthy of imitation 
by the other towns in the Commonwealth. Records are perish- 
able, and are often incomplete ; they are at best but the out- 



lint-s: the filling up must come from personal reminiscences of 
character and actions, and those incidental items of civil and 
social affairs, which are transmitted b}' oral tradition, but with 
enough of truth to explain the records, and enough of reality to 
help the practical antiquar\- in giving a life-like picture of the 
time of which he treats. 

The territory comprising the town was included in, and for 
one hundred }'ears, was a part of Hatfield. The histor_\- of the 
colon\-. then, properly begins with some account of the mother 
settlement. Whatever is characteristic of the growth is to be 
found in the germ. What societ}' was in 1771 is a result of 
causes preexisting, and working through the preceding genera- 
tions ; hence, a sketch of leading events, from the first purchase 
of these lands by the settlers from Connecticut, seemed neces- 
sary to a clear understanding of any peculiarities of opinion, 
and the domestic customs and religious faith of our fathers." 

A few prefator}' remarks, relative to our revision of the 
History and Genealogy of Whately, will be proper at the outset 
of the work. In undertaking the revision of our Town History 
and Genealogical records, I must needs say that I am pro- 
foundly impressed with the importance of the work that is im- 
posed upon me. It is with much trepidation that I undertake 
the work of preparing the labor of years for the press. After 
the issue of Mr. Temple's work, a widespread feeling of dissat- 
isfaction was manifested by our townspeople. I need hardly 
say that this feeling still exists, and hence, for this, and other 
reasons, the Town desires me to commence the work at once. 
In many respects I shall adopt the precise language of Mr. 
Temple and quote page after page of what he has so well given. 
Where I differ from him, I trust the people of W^hately will 
iiive me the credit of a lifelong interest in the Town and its 
History. For many years I have studied to get at basic facts 
which underlie our early history. While I freely and gladly 
indorse much of Mr. Temple's work, and reproduce it in these 
pages, yet, in very many instances, we can but say that we 
shall change radically some of his statements, as well as his 



inferences, drawn from what he has stated as facts. The three 
years that he spent in the early days of his ministn.- were insuf- 
ficient to gather all of the truth pertaining to the multifarious 
transactions of the people of our town, the location of many of 
the roads, the names of various localities, the hills, brooks and 
streams, the places where the settlements were first made, etc.. 
and allow me to say that my eighty-two years' experience will 
fail to show that I am as fully posted as I ought to be to set 
myself up as above mistakes. So I trust my readers will kindly 
judge of my honesty of purpose in giving what I do. Since the 
publication of our history by Mr. Temple, I have spent much 
time in the investigation of our history and its genealogy, and 
give to the public the results of my labors. For several years 
that painstaking antiquary, Chester G. Crafts, was intimately 
associated with me in this work. We carefully sur\'eyed and 
measured much of the central and eastern portion of the town, 
and only his untimely sickness and death preveiUed a continu- 
ance of our work. 

As soon as the histon,' was issued I commenced to correct 
the errors, make additions, and arrange them as tl)ey were in- 
tended, more particularly in the genealogical portion ot the 
work. I had prepared this portion of the work and it was 
agreed that I should correct the proof sheets. But in this I was 
disappointed, as not a sheet was sent me. In the historical part 
I had rendered such assistance as I could, furnishing many old 
papers, and }et, venv' ftw were satisfied with either part of the 
work. It is quite possible that cur enlarged work may tall 
short of what may be expected b> my townspeople. The threat 
majority of our townspeople are now, as in the past, engaged in 
rural occupations. While I can say they are a people of whom 
I feel proud, yet few have risen to celebrity, particularl}- while 
remaining in town. Still a few of those who left town have 
been in Congress, and one in the national cabinet, tut the>- and 
their parents left our town, removed to the West and grew up 
under a different regime, and freed from any old stigmas resting 
on the family. It is right for me to say of some families that 



left town, and New England as well, that the place of their res- 
idence is unknown. I shall avail myself of every avenue where 
information can be obtained. I freely acknowledge my indebt- 
edness to Sheldon's History of Deerfield, Judd's History of 
Hadley. The Crafts Families, the Bardwell Families and San- 
dersons, both gathered by me, as well as the Graves' records, 
in which I assisted in collecting. 

I shall also reproduce a large portion of Mr. Temple's work 
\'erbatim. Where I disagree with him I shall manfully say so, 
and give m}- version of the matter. In the Ecclesiastical portion 
I shall leave out many things like the confession of faith, the 
covenant and some other things. All proper and right for a 
histor}- of the church, but seemingly out of place in a town 
history. I confess to a feeling of pride in the old Congrega- 
tional church, its establishment in Whately and its influence for 
good among our people. But this does not a^ord any reason for 
inserting it entire in our town histon.'. 

JAMES M. CRAFTS. 
Orange. Mass., 1S99. 



HISTORY OP WHATELY. 



CHAPTER I. 



INDIAN OWNERSHIP — PURCHASE BY PYNCHON AND THE HAD- 

LEY COMPANY. 

At the time of the proposed settlement of the part of the 
vallev of the Connecticut River Ivin^ between the Mt. Holvoke 
range on the south, and Sugar Loaf and Toby on the north, 
this Tract was in the occupancy of the Norwottuck Indians, who 
were a branch of the Nipnett or Nipmuck tribe, whose chief seat 
was in the central part of the state. 

The Nor\vottucks of the valley were divided into three prin- 
cipal families, under three petty chiefs, viz. : Chickwallop. 
Umpanchala and Quonquont. Each claimed ownership of the 
lands lying for a distance on both sides of the river, and extend- 
ing indefinitely east and west. Chickwallop held the lands pur- 
chased by the Northampton planters and eastward. Umpan- 
chala claimed on the Hadley side as far north as Mill River, and 
on the Hatfield side from Northampton bounds to the upper side 
of Great Meadow. Quonquont occupied from Umpanchala's 
line to Mt. Wequomps, or Sugar Loaf, and Mt. Toby. North 
of these was the territory of the Pocumtucks, or Deerfield Indi- 
ans. Collectively, these were called the River Indians. 

Each of these Indian families had its fort, its planting field 
and its hunting grounds. The fort was located, for obvious 
reasons, on a bluff, in some commanding position, and near a 



stream or spring of water. It was constructed of palisades, or 
poles about lo feet long set in the ground. Its size depended 
on the la}' of the land and the necessities of each tribe, as their 
wigwams were placed within the enclosure. The cornfield was 
always close to the fort. 

Quonquont. who claimed the lands now comprisng Whately 
and eastward, had a strong fort on the east side of the Connecti- 
cut, north of Mill River in Hadley. It was built on a ridge that 
separates the east and west School Meadows, and enclosed about 
an acre of ground. His cornfield, of sixteen to twenty acres, 
was in the upper meadow. This fort was abandoned some time 
before the attack on Quaboag. 

The principal fort of Umpanchala was on the high bank of 
the Connecticut near the mouth of Half-way Brook, between 
Northampton and Hatfield. This fort was occupied by the tribe 
till the night of August 24, 1675, and was the last fortified dwell- 
ing place held by the Indians in this part of the valley. The 
planting field of this family was the "Chickons," or Indian 
Hollow, in Hatfield South Meadow. 

The Indian's home in this valley was then, what it still 
remains, a scene of abundance and beauty. The mountains 
reared their bold heads towards the sky for grandeur and de- 
fence ; the hills, clothed in their primeval forests of variegated 
hues, arrested the showers, and poured down their tributes in 
little rivulets, whose path was marked by green verdure and 
brilliant flowers ; the annual overflow of the great river made 
the valley fat and fertile. Yet these natural advantages appear 
to have been of small account with the natives. So far as we 
can judge, convenience and necessit}' alone influenced them in 
the selection. The furs and flesh of animals, and the fish of the 
streams, met most of their ordinary wants; grass was of no ac- 
count ; and even the corn which their women raised was a kind 
of surplus for emergencies, to be relied on in the scarcity of 
game and the event of war.* 

The Indian was a savage, with the instincts and ideas of a 
savage ; and he estimated things accordingly. Personal ease 
and sensual gratification was his highest happiness •,\he pursuit 
of game was his excitement; war was his highest am'c'ition and 
field of glory ; and outside of ^these he had nothing lO love^and 

*Josselyn, Voyages, says: "They [the Indians] beat the Corn to 
powder and put it into bags, which they make use of when stonnie 
weather or the like will not suifer them to look out for other food." 



nothing to live for. All these local advantages he had here ; 
and war with some rival tribe was always at his option. 

The red man had long been the occupant of the territory. 
And he seems to have understood perfectly the validity of his 
title to these lands by right of possession. Why then — the 
question will naturally arise — was the Indian so ready to part 
with his title, and transfer his right to the new comers? The 
general answer is, because he was a man and a savage. There 
is a strange fascination accompaning a higher order of intelli- 
gence, and the power inherent to enlightened intellect, which is 
irresistible to the untutored child of nature. He looks up with 
a\we, and instinctly yearns for companionship with that higher 
life. To his apprehension it is allied with the supernatural : 
and partakes of the potent, if not the omnipotent. And, aside 
from any veneration, he sees the advantage every way of civili- 
zation ; and the manhood in him rises up in hope and expecta- 
tion. His ideas may be vague as to results to accrue, but he 
anticipates some great advantage; he expects to become a par- 
taker of that which draws and inspires. It is only wlien, by 
actual contact and contrast, he discovers and comes to feel his 
inferiority, and his moral w-eakness, as compared with civilized 
man, that he becomes jealous of him ; and the jealousy ripens 
into hatred ; and the hatred ripens into hostility. No doubt acts 
of injustice and wrong aggravate the jealousy, and hasten the 
conflict. But civilized and savage life can never coalesce. There 
is inherent antagonism which necessitates a conflict. And in 
the struggle the weaker must yield to the stronger. .And 
strength lies not in numbers, but in resources ; the courage 
which conquers is moral rather than physical. Thus the two 
orders of society cannot exist together ; one must yield and flee, 
or become subordinate and be absorbed in the other. 

In selling their lands to the settlers, the Indians in this val- 
ley expected to be, and believed that they were the true gainers 
by the bargain. The-y reserved all the rights and privileges 
that were of any real value to them ; and calculated on receiv- 
ing advanta'^es from the skill and traffic of the whites, as well as 
those indf ^nite, perhaps imaginary- advantages, to which I have 
allud(.J. Cr.e reason why the River Indians were anxious to 
sell, at the particular time when the whites came to the valley, 
was their fear of the Mohawks from the Hudson, who were 
threatening a war of extermination — just as. sixteen years later, 
the Pocumtucks and Norwottucks planned a war of extermina- 



8 

tion against the whites, whom they now so cordially welcomed. 

The Hadley Planters. The company that formed the 
original Hadley plantation, covering lands on both sides of the 
river, was from Connecticut. Their first step was to obtain 
leave from the General Court to settle within the jurisdiction of 
Massachusetts ; and the second step was to purchase the lands 
of the Indians. The negotiation was carried on through the 
agency of Maj. John Pynchon of Springfield, to whom the deeds 
were made out, and who assigned his rights to the Company, 
and received his pay of individuals as they took possession of 
their assigned lots. Maj. P^'nchon paid the Indians in wampum 
and goods : and received payment in grain, with perhaps a con- 
siderable quantity of wampum, and a small amount of silver. 

Wampum, which was in the shape of beads, was made of 
seashells. It was manufactured mainly by the Indians of Long 
Island, and, later, by those of Block Island. It was of tw^o 
kinds, white, or wampumpeag ; and black or blue, called suck- 
auhock, which was of double the value of white. In 1650 the 
Massachusetts government ordered that wampumpeag should be 
a legal tender for debts (except for country rates) to the value 
of fort>' shillings, the white at eight and the black at four for a 
penny. This law was repealed in 1661, after which wampum 
had no standard value — the price being regulated by demand 
and supply. A hand of wampum was equal to four inches. In 
the Hatfield purchase it was reckoned seven inches. A fathom 
was ten hands and was ordinarily worth five shillings. It was 
much used for ornaments, such as belts, bracelets, head-bands, 
ear-pendants, and by the squaws of chiefs for aprons. Its use 
in trade was continued for many years by the whites. 

The first purchase on account of the Hadley settlers was 
made December 25, 1658, and embraced the lands on the east 
side of the Connecticut, from the mouth of Fort River and Mt. 
Holyoke, on the south, to the mouth of Mohawk brook and the 
southern part of Mt. Toby, on the north, being about nine miles 
in length, and extending eastwardh' nine miles into the woods. 
The price paid was two hundred and twenty fathoms of wam- 
pum and one large coat, equal to ^"62 lo. The deed was signed 
by Umpanchala. Quonquont and Chickwallop. Quonquont 
reserved one cornfield of twelve — sixteen — twenty acres, near 
his fort ; and all reser^-ed the liberty to hunt deer or fowl, and 
to take fish, beaver and otter. 

The second purchase was made July 10, 1660, and com- 



prised the lands on the west or Hatfield side, from Capawong 
brook (now Mill river) on the south, to the brook called Wunck- 
compss, which comes out of the Great Pond, and over the brook 
to the upper side of the meadow called Mincommuck. on the 
north, and extending westerly nine miles into the woods. (The 
north line was probably where is now the meadow road running 
east and west, just north of the dwelling house of Austin S. 
Jones. Esq.) The price paid was three hundred fathoms of 
wampum and some small gifts, equal to ^75. The deed is 
signed by Umpanchala and approved by his brother. Etowotnq. 
The reserA-ations were the Chickens, or planting field, and the 
liberty to hunt deer and other wild creatures, to take fish and to 
set wigwams on the Commons, and take wood and trees for use. 

The third purchase was the meadow called Capawonk. lying 
in the south part of Hatfield. The deed is dated January 22, 
1663. This meadow had been bought of the Indians in 1657. 
for fifty shillings, by the Northampton Planters. The price paid 
by Had ley was £30. 

These three purchases comprise all the territory north of 
Fort River and Northampton, actually possessed by Hadley. 
No bounds were established for the town by any act of incorpo- 
ration ; and the only claim it had to what is now the northerly 
part of Hatfield and Whately, was a report of commissioners 
appointed by the General Court to lay out the new plantation, 
in which their north bounds on this side of the river are stated 
"To be a great mountain called Wequomps," — which report of 
Commissioners seems never to have been accepted. And the 
last two purchases, viz.: From Northampton bounds on the 
south, to a line just north of Great Meadow, comprise all the 
territory west of the river owned by Hatfield at the time the 
latter town was incorporated. The tract of land lying northerly 
from Great Meadow (now North Hatfield and Whately) was 
purchased of the Indians by Hatfield, October 19, 1672. This 
was Quonquont's land, and the deed was signed by his widow 
Sarah Quanquan, his son Pocunohouse, his daughter Majesset 
and two others. The price paid was fifty fathoms of wampum- 
peag. The south line was trom a walnut tree standing by the 
river in Mincommuck meadow, westerly out into the woods. It 
was bounded on the north by Weekioannuck brook, where the 
Pocumtuck path crosses it — the line running east to the great 
river, and west six miles into the woods. 

The reservations in these deeds were somewhat varied 



lO 

but it was understood by both parties — indeed it was a tradition 
current in my own boyhood — that the Indians had the right of 
hunting, fowling and fishing anywliere. and to take what wal- 
nut and white ash trees they had occasion to use for baskets and 
brooms." 

We add here a few words about Weekioannuck brook. I 
have ascertained by measurements as follows, viz.; going east 
from Deerfield road on the line of the uppermost lot (No. 70) 2d 
division of commons, starting from a stone boundary standing 
on the east bank of an old ditch. This south from the corner 
stone in the South Deerfield cemetery 41 chains, 37 links, or 165 
rods and 12 links to said stone. Thence east. 26 chains and 20 
links to ditch top of Hopewell hill, then 37 chains, 97 links to 
an oak tree on the west bank of the brook, Weekioannuck, 39 
chains, 72 links to an oak tree on the east bank of the said 
brook, 154 rods, 22 links to the east oak tree. The brook run- 
ning in almost the line of the town line. From this last oak tree 
it is 112 rods to the bound stone north of the Capt. Parker place, 
or 124 rods to the centre of the Sunderland road. This is from 
a careful survey- made by C. G, and J. M. Crafts in 1SS3. 



CHAPTER I I. 

SETTLEMENTS — DIVISION OF LANDS — INCORPORATION 

OF HATFIELD. 

The first planters of Mew England were wholly unaccus- 
tomed to the work of clearing off woodlands. They had seen 
and heard nothing of it in the mother country. Hence the ear- 
liest settlements were uniformly made at places where they could 
besrin immediately to cultivate the ground and find natural 
pastures and meadows. 

It was considered scarcely desirable or safe to form a Plan- 
tation where there was not plenty of "fresh marsh" — what we 
should call open swamp. And so when the west side people 
petitioned for a new town, the Hadley Committee, in their an- 
swer to the General Court, gave as one of the strongest reasons 
against the separation, that the tract west of the river "does 
not afiford boggy meadows or such like that men can live upon ; 
but their subsistence must be from their Home lots and inter- 
vals." 

Both the east and west side settlers found the meadows and 
adjacent uplands ready for grazing and tillage. There was 
needed no preliminary work of clearing off the forests. They 
began to plant corn and sow wheat and flax and mow grass the 
first season. 

From early times the Indians had been accustomed to .burn 
over the whole country annually in November, after the leaves 
had fallen and the grass had become dry, which kept the 
meadows clean, and prevented any growth of underbrush on the 
uplands. One by one the older trees would give way, and thus 



12 

many cleared fields, or tracts with only here and there a tree, 
would abound, where the sod would be friable, ready for the 
plow : or be already well covered with grass ready for pastur- 
age. The meadow lands thus burnt over, threw out an early 
nnd rich growth of nutritions grasses, which if let alone grew 
"Up to a man's face." Then there were plots of ground, of 
greater or less extent, which the Indian squaws had cultivated 
in their rude way with shell or wooden hoes, and where they 
had raised squashes and beans and corn. 

Strange as it mav seem, both timber and fire wood were 
scarce in the valley when the first settlement was made. At the 
outset Hatfield passed a vote that no clapboards, shingles or 
rails, or coopering stuff should be sold "to go out of town." 
The upland woods, on each side of the river, both above and 
below the towns, were passable for men on horseback. 

As already stated, the Hadley planters were from Wethers- 
field and Hartford, in the Connecticut Colony. They had 
mostly come over from England in the years 1632 to '34, and 
landed at the mouth of the Charles river in Massachusetts. A 
part lived at Watertown till 1635, when they removed to Weth- 
ersfield. Mr. Hooker, who came over with his flock in 1633, 
stopped in Cambridge till '36, when they removed to Hartford. 
Thus they had resided in Connecticut about twenty-five years. 

The reason for leaving Wethersfield and Hartford, and 
seeking a new residence in Hadley and Hatfield, was on account 
of a schism in church government. It was strongly held that 
infants d\-ing in an unbaptized state were lost forever. This 
really abominable tenet in the church was strongly opposed by 
the more liberal element in the church and at length proved suc- 
cessful, and "persons not of scandalous character," who would 
consent solemnly to the covenant, really joined the church 
"half-way." This would allow them to have their children 
baptized and if the sacrement of baptism was administered it 
was held that in the event of the child dying before coming to 
the age of moral accountability, it would be saved. The di- 
vergence of opinions relative to this matter caused the removal 
to Hadley and Hatfield. 

Those who came were the bitter opponents of more liberal 
practices, edged about by a conscientious desire to worship 
as they deemed only right and proper. On these questions, 
very warm, if not to say, hot discussions were held not only at 
Hartford and Wethersfield, but all over New England. It was 



13 

npon this division of sentiment and other really unimportant 
matters that they determined to leave their pleasant nomes and 
remove to Massachusetts. It is quite probable that they well 
understood the condition of Hatfield, even when they formed 
the agreement to remove in 1^159. and probably knew the pre- 
cise lot assigned to them. It is generally agreed that but one 
of the settlers of Hatfield was actually on the ground until about 
the first of October, 1^61. Richard Fellows came in the spring. 
He in 1659 removed to Springfield and thence to Northampton 
and in 1661 to Hatfield, where he died in 1663. Zechariah 
Field came to Northampton in 1659, and as early as 1663 re- 
moved to Hatfield. But the majority of the first settlers came 
about the first of October, 166 r. 

It is claimed that ten days were taken for the journey of 
some less than 50 miles, as brooks, creeks and other streams 
had to be bridged or fording places found, swamps and mo- 
rasses corduroyed to afford safe passage for their carts, heavily 
loaded with their women and small children and their personal 
effects. Of course this required an efficient force of pioneers. 
They brought with them their stock of various kinds. One 
could now much easier move to California, and accomplish it 
quicker. 

Availing myself of the assistance of that exceedingly well- 
posted antiquary. D. W. Wells, Esq., of Hatfield, and long time 
President of the Smith Charities, enables me to fill up the 
list of the noble band of Hatfield's first settlers. Richard Fel- 
lows, in the spring of 1661. Then came later John Coleman, 
Thomas Graves. Isaac Graves. John Graves, Samuel Belden, 
Stephen Taylor, Daniel Warner, Daniel White, John White, 
Jr.. John Cowles. or Cole, Ozias Goodwin, Richard Billings, 
Nathaniel Dickinson, Jr., Samuel Dickinson, Obadiah Dickin- 
son, William Gull, Eleazer Frary, Samuel Kellogg, John Wells, 
Philip Russell and probably John Hawks, Samuel Gillett. 
Thomas Bull gave up his claim. And it is claimed that 
Wm. Allis and Tliomas Meekins came in 166 1, possibly with 
the others by way of the cart path through Westfield. 

Judd's History of Hadley says that Hadley in 166 1 allotted 
176 acres to the Hatfield settlers, giving most of the settlers eight 
acres each where they had families; to some young men four 
acres each. Thomas Graves, then a very old man, was not 
given any, as he lived with his son Isaac. A homestead of 
eight acres was assigned to Thomas Bull, but for some reason 



he gave it up and went back to Hartford. There were six that 
only had four acres each, making 24 acres; and nineteen that 
had eight acres each, making 152 acres, which with 24 added 
makes the whole 176 acres granted by Hadley. 

It is quite in the line of probability that each settler knew 
just where his lot was before he came as Samuel Partridge said, 
"A meeting was held on the west side of the Connecticut River 
in 1660." And this was doubtless that of a committee sent up 
to lay out the several lots on each side of the wide street. The 
location of these lots is fairly well known to the present gener- 
ation of Hatfield people. 

Perhaps I may be justified in giving a few words relevant 
to some of the lots now occupied by public buildings. The 
meeting house, Town hall and Congregational parsonage are 
all on the lot assigned to Lieut. William Allis. The Memorial 
hall is on the lot assigned to Thomas Meekins. The Smith 
academy on the lot assigned to Samuel Kellogg, all nice struc- 
tures. The Main street was surrounded by a continuous line of 
palisades. These extended from the highway to Northampton, 
north about one hundred and two rods f^nd about 12 rods west 
and so east of the street. This really enclosed all of the orig- 
inal settlers' houses, with good and substantial gates. Settlers 
who came later were outside of the palisades, and it was that 
part that was raided by the Indians September 19, 1677, when 
12 were killed and 17 captives carried to Canada. 

The first comers were men of wealth and good social posi- 
tion, and were regarded by the Massachusetts authorities as a 
most desirable addition to her population. They had, as their 
subsequent history proved, the self reliance and earnestness and 
courage which usualh' attach to men who strike out a new path 
for conscience's sake. 

The agreement to remove to the new purchase was signed 
April j8, 1659, and some went up that summer to make prepa- 
ration for a general transfer. Perhaps a few families spent the 
winter of '59-to at the new plantation, which at first was called 
New Toun. It received the name of Hadleigh in 1661. 

Division of Lands. By agreement, made before leaving 
Connecticut, each original proprietor received an equal share, 
viz., eight acres of land as a home lot. The street on the Had- 
ley side was laid out twenty rods wide and the lots extended 
back from it on each side. The street on the Hatfield side was 
ten rods wide, and the first home lots at the lower end con- 



15 

tained eight acres. Those granted afterwards, further north, 
contained only four acres. 

Ownership of land in fee simple, by every inhabitant, was a 
characteristic American idea and was a corner stone of the social 
fabric built by our fathers. It was personal independence, it 
was capital, it was power, it was permanence and it was substan- 
tial equality. The first planters here recognized the principle 
that ever>' honest citizen, whatever the amount of his cash 
assets, had a right to so much land as secured him an indepen- 
dent home, a real property, which could not be alienated except 
by his own option; which assured him the tneans of rearing and 
educating a family. He was a free man indeed. He had some- 
thing to build upon, something to fix his affections upon, some- 
thing to defend, something to leave his children, which they 
after him could love and build upon and defend. Love of home 
and love of country are co-ordinate and reciprocal and have 
their most \dtal rootln ownership of the soil, with the power and 
privilege it engenders. 

Our ancestors in this valley could never have stood against 
the tides of savage warfare, which in rapid succession burst over 
them, had it not been that they defended their own and their 
children's home and heritage 

As we have seen, the first division of home lots was equal. 
But. after this first equal division, all subsequent allotments of 
meadows and intervals were made according to estates. Vet 
here only a nominal inequality was allowed, a single man of 
twenty-one receiving one-fourth as much as the man of large 
wealth and family. 

The term estates, as used at that time, requires an explana- 
tion. It did not represent a man's actual property, real or per 
sonal. Precisely how the thing was brought about we are not 
informed. But by mutual agreement, evidently satisfactory to 
all parties, a sum varying from /,'50 for a young unmarried man 
to /"200 for a man of independent means, was set against 
each proprietor's name and called his estate, and used as a ba- 
sis of land distribution and taxation. The wealthy planters con- 
sented to receive less than their proper share of lands and were 
held to pay less than their ratable proportion of expenses; while 
the young man, for the sake of receiving a larger allotment of 
land, agreed to pay a proportionate part of the plantation taxes. 

And the principle of substantial equality was further recog- 
nized by the peculiar method adopted in- distributing the com- 



i6 

mon fields, where no one received his full share in one lot, in 
which case he would run the chance to get all good or all poor 
land, -but each meadow was first partitioned off into two or more 
parts, and each proprietor had a share in the subdivision of the 
several parts. Thus the North or Great Meadow was first ap- 
portioned into six parts, and each west side settler had a lot in 
each of the six divisions. Little Meadow was apportioned into 
two parts and South Meadow into three parts, each proprietor 
receiving a lot in each part. A ^^50 estate drew of mead- 
ow land thirteen and one-half acres in all ; a ^"200 estate 
drew fifty-four and one-half acres. At the same time the vast 
extent of upland was open to all equally for wood, rimber and 
pasturage. 

And now they began to build upon these foundations. As 
there were no sawmills driven by water, the frame and covering 
of their houses must be got out by hand. Boards as well as 
joists were sawed in saw pits, as they were called, i. e., two 
men, one above on a scaffolding, and one below in the pit. work- 
ing the saw, but most of the covering stuflT for buildings was 
split or cleft. These cloven boards, or clapboards, were com- 
monly from four to six feet long, five inches wide and six-eighths 
of an inch thick on the back. Shingles were all the way from 
fourteen inches to three feet long, and one inch thick at the 
thick end. At first all stuff was split from oak. 

Fences, next in order after roads and houses, were built. 
The home lots, which were fenced by the owners, usually with 
posts and rails, required above twenty miles of fencing. The 
common fields, except Great Meadow, which was surrounded 
by ponds and brooks, were usually enclosed with a broad ditch, 
on the bank of which were set two poles or three rails, making 
the whole over four feet in height. The ditch was on the out- 
side, as the main object was to keep out roving animals. The 
by-laws regarding fences were minute and strict. Common 
fences were required to be made good by March 20th of each 
year, and to be so close as to keep out swine three months old. 
Each proprietor of a common field was required to fence accord- 
ing to the number of acres he held in the field, and "To have a 
stake twelve inches high at the end of his fence, with the two 
first letters of his name facing the way the fence runs." The 
location of a man's fence, like that of his land, was determined 
by lot. 



17 

Gates were placed wherever a road crossed a common field. 
If a person, owner or traveler, left open the gates or bars of a 
meadow after March 20, he had to pay 2s. 6d.; at a later date 
the fine was 5 shillings besides all damages. Gates were in 
existence on the River road and in other parts of the town after 
the Revolution. 

All males over sixteen years were required to work one day 
yearly on the highway and owners of meadow land at the rate 
of one day for every twenty acres. All over fourteen years were 
required to work one day in June cutting brush or clearing the 
commons. 

At first the tillage lands were devoted mainly to corn, 
wheat, peas and flax, as these were the essential articles of food 
and the means of payment of debts and taxes, and an important 
item of each season's work was the gathering of fire wood and 
candle wood. The latter was the pitch, or hard pine, and was 
the only substitute for candles for a number of years. 

The first gristmill was built in r662 by Thomas Meekins, 
on Hatfield Mill River. (The stream in a town on which a 
mill was first erected was usually called Mill River. ) He re- 
ceived a grant of twenty acres near the mill for building it. and 
the town agreed to have all the grain ground at his mill "Pro- 
vided he make good meal." 

Formation of a Church and Incorporation of the 
Town. The west side proprietors grew and multiplied so that 
at the end of seven years they numbered forty-seven families. 
The river was a serious obstacle to the enjoyment of religious 
ordinances, and as early as 1667 a petition for a separate society 
was sent to the General Court. The next year the Court granted 
them leave to settle and maintain a minister, but Hadley 
objected, and an earnest controversy ensued, the result of which 
was that the west side was incorporated into a town by the name 
of Hatfields, May 31, 1670. At the time the Court granted 
leave for separate church privileges they determined to have 
their own preaching whether Hadley consented or not. and at a 
"side meeting," as it wascalled, held Nov. 6, 166S, a committee 
was chosen "To provide a boarding place for a minister and 
arrange for his maintenance, al.so to build a meeting-house thirty 
feet square." No plantation was considered fit for municipal 
privileges till a meeting-house and minister were provided for, 
and it is likely that their determined action in this matter in- 



18 

duced the Court to set them off into a town, even before they 
expected, or were quite ready for it. 

In addition to preparation for the ordinances it was voted, 
at a side meeting, February, 1670, to lay out a piece of ground 
twenty rods long by eight rods wide, upon the plain near Thomas 
Meekin's land, for a burying place. They had also virtually 
"called" their minister and fixed hissalar}' before incorporation. 
In the November following Mr. Hope Atherton, the pastor 
elect, signified his acceptance of the call, and the town voted 
him, in addition to the home lot of eight acres, the ministerial 
allotment in the meadows "To build him a house, forty by 
twenty feet, double story," and allow him /r6o a year, two- 
thirds in wheat and one-third in pork, with the proviso, "If 
our crops fall so short that we cannot pay him in kind, then we 
are to pay him in the next best way we have," and the further 
proviso, that if Mr. Atherton left them before his death certain 
sums were to be refunded the town. The precise date of the 
formation of the church is unknown, but there is pretty clear 
evidence, however, that it took place near the firstof April, 1671. 

It appears that only six of the male inhabitants were church 
members. These were Thomas Meekins, Sr., William AUis, 
John Cole, Sr., Isaac Graves, Samuel Belden and either Rich- 
ard Billings or William Gull. At a meeting in February, 1671, 
the town voted that these resident members should "Be those 
to begin in gathering the church, and that they should have 
power to choose three persons to make up nine to join in the 
work." The exact import of this last clause is not apparent. 
"As seven is the least number by which the rule of church dis- 
cipline in the eighteenth chapter of Matthew can be reduced to 
practice, that number has been held necessar}' to form a church 
state. [Ency. Rel. Knowl.] And we find that at Northamp- 
ton, in 1 66 1, seven men, called the "seven pillars," were organ- 
ized as a church. Also at Westfield, in 1679, seven men. called 
"foundation men," were selected to be formed into church 
state. 

Thus all the essentials of social life — homes, fenced fields, 
roads, a grist mill, a bur\'ing place, a meeting house and min- 
ister — were secured. Schools, as we now use the term, were 
not regarded a necessity in the first years of a settlement. In- 
deed, the public or free school system was not a germ, but a 
growth of our institutions. To give all access to the Holy 
Scriptures family instruction in spelling and reading was con- 
sidered obligatory and. was common from the first. To secure 



19 

this a law was passed in 1642 requiring the selectmen of towns 
to look after the children of parents and masters who neglected 
to bring them up in "learning and labor." In 1647 it was en- 
acted that every town with fifty families should provide a school 
where children might be taught to read and write. Practically 
this secured an education to only those who were able to pay for 
it and it was commonly understood to apply only to boys. 

The first books used were the "Horn Book," Primer, Psal- 
ter and Testament. The Horn Book was the alphabet and a 
few rudiments printed on one side of a card and pasted upon a 
board, and this was covered ^vith translucent horn to prevent its 
being soiled. They were in use till about [700 when Dilworth's 
spelling book was introduced. 

Hatfield had a school regularly established in 167S, two- 
thirds of the expense being borne by the scholars and one-third 
by the town. The first schoolhouse was built in 1681 and Dr. 
Thomas Hastings was the first teacher. It was not uncommon 
to unite the profession of physician and teacher in the same per- 
son, and as the grandmothers were mainly relied on for prescrip- 
tions and poultices he seems to have found sufficient time for 
the discharge of duty in the double capacity. The school year 
was divided into two terms, beginning respectively about April 
I and October i. A separate rate was made for each term, the 
parent paying for only the time his child attended. From a 
record of attendance for 1698-9 it appears that thirty-seven boys 
were pupils in the winter and thirty-eight in the summer, of 
whom only four were writers. The salary of the teacher was 
/)30 to ^'35 per year, payable in grain. This school became 
free in 1722. 

Though the statutes relating to schools use the word child- 
ren, jet it was understood to apply primarily to boys. Girls 
were taught to read at home or by "dames" who gathered a 
class at their private dwellings, but the education of girls seems 
to have been regarded as unnecessary for the first hundred 
vears of the New England colonies. Even so late as the Amer- 
ican Revolution comparatively few women could write their 
names. In the grammar schools of most of the older towns no 
girls were found. Boston did not allow them to attend the pub- 
lic schools till 1790. Northampton admitted them for the first 
time in 1802. 

There is evidence that girls attended the school in Hatfield 
when it was first opened and for several years thereafter and 



20 

pursued the same studies as the boys. From 1695 to 1699 none 
are found upon the list. In 1700, during the winter term, four 
girls and fort>--two boys were in attendance. In- 1709 there 
were sixteen girls in a class of sixty-four, which shows a rapid 
change in public sentiment. 

Probably the mothers, educated in their girlhood by Dr. Hast- 
ings, discovered the advantage of an education, (possibly their 
husbands found out the same fact), and when their daughters 
arrived at a suitable age they sent them to school, and thus the 
custom originated and rapidly gained force which resulted in the 
Iree school of 1722. 

With this fact in mind, there is seen to be a striking fitness 
that a Hatfield woman, Miss Sophia Smith, should be the 5rst 
to found a female college in Massachusetts. Whately wisely 
adopted her mother's \-iews, as no one remembers the time when 
girls did not commonly attend school and pursue the same stud- 
ies as bo> s. 

These early settlers lived mostly within themselves, depend- 
ing on the produce of tlieir lands and cattle, though some, in 
addition to farming, did carpenter's or blacksmith's w^ork and 
coopering. The women helped their husbands, reared children, 
bolted the flour and spun flax and wool and wove them into 
cloth. 

Most families had a few cows and sheep, and many swine. 
Oxen were used for farm work and to haul grain and flour to 
market and horses were kept solely for the saddle. Money was 
scarcely a circulating medium and trade was mostly "in kind" 
or wampum. 

Zechariah Field was the first who carried oii trade in Hat- 
field, but his business was limited and proved unprofitable. 
Families bought most of their goods of John Pj'nchon of Spring- 
field, and paid in wheat, flour, pork and malt. 

Taxes were paid in grain, and even the sacramental charges 
of the church were paid in wheat, for which purpose three 
half-pecks per member per year appears to have been the usual 
requirement. 

The only communication with the outside world was with 
Northampton and Springfield and their old homes in Connecti- 
cut. There was a cartway to Windsor and Hartford by way of 
Westfield, and there was a road to Springfield on the east side 
of the river. The Bay Road, through Quaboag, (Brookfield) 
was only a horse path till after 1700. 



CHAPTER III. 

THE FIRST INDIAN WAR, 1675 — 1678. 

Thus in their quiet seclusion and healthful pursuits, and 
the enjoyment of social and Christian intercourse, they passed 
fifteen years. Some who came to the valley with gray hairs had 
laid them down to rest in the old grave-yard. The infant had 
become a youth and the youth had reached manhood. With 
some homesickness and reverses the sun of prosperity beamed 
kindly and brightly, and a future full of promise and hope for 
their children seemed opening upon them. But -on a sudden 
this quiet life was broken up. War in its most frightful form, 
war, such as the merciless and treacherous savage knows how 
to wage, burst upon them ! 

Up to this time the whites and red men had lived together 
on terms of friendship. There was no social equality and no 
mingling of races. Each led his own distinctive life and, 
though the separation between the two forms became daily more 
apparent, no conflict occurred and suspicion, if it existed, was 
studiously concealed. The English had plowed for the Indians 
the reserved planting field or, as they sometimes preferred, had 
rented their own plowed fields, the squaws planting and tending 
them "at halves;" the Indians had dwelt in their Fort or pitched 
their wigwams on the Commons and sometimes on the home lots 
and gone in and out at pleasure. The only danger apprehended 
seems to have been from the thieving and begging propensities 
of the savages and their anger when under the influence of 
alcoholic drink. The people erected no fortifications, and the 
militia men were rather for ornament than use. Hatfield had 
only six troopers in 1674. 



It had been the custom for the Indians to apply for ground 
to plant upon and make arrangements for the same. ver\- early 
in the season, usually in February, but this spring (1675) they 
were silent on the subject and made no preparation for putting 
in a crop. They also removed their wigwams, and whatever 
goods they claimed, from the home lots and adjacent meadows 
to the fort. And earh- in summer a favorite squaw counseled 
good wife Wright of Northampton "To get into town with her 
children.'' These things were known, but attracted little 
attention. The>' may have awakened suspicion, but it could 
hardly be called alarm as it led to no special preparations for 
defence. . 

In about three weeks after the Brookfield fight, the scat- 
tered bands of Indians gathered on the Connecticut river. They 
concentrated at the Fort between Northampton and Hatfield. 
Capt. Lathrop and Capt. Beers, with their companies, composed 
mostly of men from the eastern part of the state, having scoured 
the region of the river, came to Hadley, probably on the 23d of 
August. As a precautionary measure, rather than from a belief 
in their hostile intentions, it was judged best to disarm the 
Indians then in the Fort. And on the next day a parley was 
•held and a formal demand for the surrender of their arms was 
made. The Indians objected and demanded time for considera- 
tion. And it was finally agreed that if a deputation should be 
sent over the next morning, a final answer would then be given. 
Distrusting their sincerity, the officers determined to surround 
the Fert and secure their arms by force, if need be. To effect 
this with certainty, about midnight word was sent to the com- 
manding officer at Northampton to bring up his company to the 
south of the Fort, "As near as they could without being per- 
ceived," while the others would post themselves on the north. 
The two companies then crossed to the Hatfield side and moved 
quietly down, reaching the Fort q. little before break of day. 

But the movement was too late to effect its object. The 
wily savage had fled, taking arms, goods and all, having first 
killed an old sachem who opposed their plans. 

After a brief council of war, the captains resolved to follow 
and with one hundred men pursued "At a great pace," up the 
Deerfield path. The Indians had evidently anticipated such a 
n)ovement and were lying in ambush in a swamp near the road. 
From the facts that have come to light, it seems probable that 
the English captains expected to hold a parley rather than to 



23 

fight, and were marching without special precaution. But on a 
sudden, as the troops were crossing the head of a ravine, the 
Indians "Let fly about forty guns at them." Oar men quickly 
returned the fire ; some of them rushed down into the swamp, 
forcing the enemy to throw away much of their baggage, and 
after awhile each man, after the Indian manner, got behind his 
tree and watched his opportunity to get a shot at them. The 
fight continued about three hours, when the Indians withdrew. 
"We lost six men upon the ground, a seventh died of his 
wounds coming home and two died the next night, making nine 
in all."* Only one of the killed, Richard Fellows, belonged to 
Hatfield. 

Owing to an apparent contradiction in the two accounts of 
this fight extant, Mr. Russell of Hadley placing it at "A swamp 
beyond Hatfield" and Hubbard saying it occurred "Ten miles 
above Hatfield, at a place called Sugar Loaf Hill," the location 
has not been hitherto identified. 

But there is really no contradiction. Both accounts are 
agreed that it was a swamp above Hatfield, at a place called 
Sugar Loaf Hill. It is also clear that our men were pursuing 
the usual Indian trail between Hatfield and Deerfield. If, then. 
a spot can be found where the trail skirts the edge of the swamp 
near the foot of Sugar Loaf, the presumption would be that the 
ambush was concealed at that point. And if this point furnished 
a background fitted for a cover, and at the same time afforded 
good chance of retreating in case of defeat, the presumption 
would amount to almost certainty. The chief ground of doubt 
remaining is the "ten miles from Hatfield," stated by Hubbard. 
But Mr. Hubbard received his information at second hand, while 
Mr. Russell, who lived at Hadley and gathered his account at 
the time from the soldiers themselves, names no distance. And 
-this apparent difficulty vanishes when the common estimate (for 
no measurement had then been made) of distances on this path 
is considered. As appears from papers relating to the "Dedham 
Grant" the distance from Hadley to Deerfield was reckoned 
"twelve miles." Taking this estimated distance as a basis for 
getting a ratio of the true distance, the "ten miles" would be to 
the southward of Sugar Loaf. The only remaining difficulty 
is as to the exact line of march. By reference to the Indian 
deed and the act defining the north line of Hatfield, it is plain 
that the Deerfield path crossed Sugar Loaf Brook where said 

•Stoddard's Letter. 



24 

brook intersects the Deerfield and Hatfield (afterwards Whately) 
line. Starting from "Poplar Spring," a well-known locality on 
this path, and following the line of trail towards the point indi- 
cated, at a point about a fourth of a mile south of Sugar Loaf 
Brook the traveler comes upon a ravine which exactly meets all 
the published conditions of the fight. The swamp h.ere trends 
into the plain, making a triangular depression, where is a spring 
of water that finds its way into Hopewell Brook. An ambush 
of forty Indians! the number named by Stoddard) could be hid- 
den among the "beaver holes," prostrate stumps and huge hem- 
looks, and as their pursuers crossed the head of the ravine their 
line would be exposed for nearly its whole length, as the Indians 
could fire up both slopes of the bluff. The peculiar lay of the 
land also accounts for the fact that "One of ours was shot in 
the back by our own men," which might readily happen if he 
pushed down into the swamp while a part of the force remained 
on the opposite of the triangle. 

There is no doubt that the destruction of Quaboag and the 
successful stratagem by which they escaped from the fort at Hat- 
field and the indecisive struggle at "The Swamp," last de- 
scribed, greatly encouraged the Indians. The advantage gained 
was on their side. The loss of the Indians in the Swamp fight 
was put by our men at twenty-six, but this is conjecture and the 
numbei is improbable. The scattered and isolated situation of the 
towns and their almost defenceless condition was in the .savages' 
favor. Our officers and soldiers were not familiar with their 
modes of warfare and were not united in opinion as to the best 
method of attack and defence. The settlers were not lacking in 
courage, but in skill and unity. 

From the date last gi\'en, August 25, there were constant 
alarms, individual surprises and scouting, till the disastrous 
fight at Northfield and desertion of the place, September 2 and 
4, and the still more disastrous slaughter of "The flower of Es- 
sex" at Muddy Brook, September 18. Deerfield was immedi- 
ately abandoned and her settlers retired to Hatfield and Hadley. 
The whole valley was a scene of apprehension and mourning. 
Fathers went out to cut fire wood or gather corn in the morning 
and returned not ; the light of blazing barns at night sent fear 
to the hearts of the boldest ; the crack of the Indian's gun in the 
thicket was at once the traveler's warning and death knell. 

Thus passed the month after the battle of Muddy Brook, 
afterwards appropriately called Bloody Brook. The savages 



. 25 

were always on the alert and usually appeared just when and 
where they were least expected. Springfield was burned Octo- 
ber 5, the very day on which an attack on Hadley from the 
north was expected. An extract from a letter written by Maj. 
John Pynchon, dated Hadley, September 30, will give a vivid 
picture of the situation: "We are endeavoring to discover the 
enemy and daily send out scouts, but little is effected. Our 
English are somewhat awk and fearful in scouting and spying, 
though we do the best we can. We have no Indian friends here 
to help us. We find the Indians have their scouts out. Two 
days ago two Englishmen at Northampton, being gone out 
in the morning to cut wood, and but a little from the house, 
were both shot down dead, having two bullets apiece shot into 
each of their breasts. The Indians cut off their scalps, took 
their arms and were off in a trice." And in a postcript to 
another letter, dated October 8, he says: "To speak my 
thoughts, all these towns ought to be garrisoned as I have for- 
merly hinted. To go out after the Indians in the swamps and 
thickets is to hazard all our men, unless we know where they 
keep, which is altogether unknown to us." This will explain 
the defensive policy adopted by the English. 

On Tuesday, the 19th of October, early in the morning, the 
Indians kindled great fires in the woods to the northward of 
Hatfield, probably in the neighborhood of "Mother George," to 
attract the village people, and then concealed themselves in the 
bushes to await the result. About noon, ten horsemen were 
sent out to scout, and as they were passing the ambush the 
Indians fired, killing six and taking three prisoners, one of 
whom they afterwards tortured to death. They then fell with 
all their fury upon the village, evidently hoping to wipe it out 
as they had done to Northfield and Deerfield. But, as the 
chronicle has it, "According to the good providence of God," 
Capt. Mosely and Capt. Poole, who with their companies then 
garrisoned Hatfield, successfully repelled the assault. After a 
fierce and protracted struggle the Indians fled, having mortally 
wounded one soldier and burned /. few buildings. This was the 
first decided defeat they had suffered, if we except the repulse 
at Hadley (of which so little is known) through the skill and 
courage of Gen. Goflfe. 

Soon after this affair the main body of the Indians withdrew 
from this part of the valley. The people of Hatfield immedi- 
ately began the construction of palisades around the more thickly 



26 

built portion of the village, comprising, probably, the southern 
end of the street; they also fortified the mill and some of the 
more exposed houses. 

Winter set in early and though no attack was made, or seri- 
ously apprehended, the time passed gloomily enough. Most of 
the families from Deerfield. and some from Northfield, were 
gathered here and a company of thirty-six, under Lieut. Wil- 
liam Allis. were quartered upon the people. Food appears to 
have been plenty, but the deep snows (north of Brookfield the 
snow was "mid-thigh" deep) and severe cold prevented much 
communication with other parts of the Colony. Shut up and 
shut out from the world as they were, thoughts of the past and 
apprehensions for the future must have weighed heavily on rheir 
hearts. 

Mr. Russell's report of the numbers slain in Hampshire 
county in 1675 is as follows. 

Aug. 2, at Brookfield, 13 Sept. 28, at Northampton, 2 

Aug. 25, above Hatfield, 9 Oct. 5, at Springfield, 4 

Sept. 1, at Deerfield, 2 Oct. 19, at Hatfield, 10 

Sept. 2, at Northfield, 8 Oct. 27, at Westfield, 3 

Sept. 4, at Northfield, 16 Oct. 29, at Northampton, 4 

Sept. 18, at Muddy Brook 74 

Total, 145 

The number here given is probably too large by two. Of these 
not less than forty-four were inhabitants of the county, the rest 
were soldiers from other parts of the Colony. 

From the testimony of a Christian Indian, employed as a 
spy, the River Indians had their main winter quarters on the 
west side of the Connecticut, above Northfield, though a few 
wintered to the eastward of Albany. They returned to Hamp- 
shire county near the end of February. 

When the fishing season arrived they established them- 
selves, as usual, about the Falls above Deerfield. They also 
planted large fields of corn, both at Northfield and Deerfield. 
This would go to show that they considered themselves still 
masters of the situation, and we can readily credit the testi- 
mony of Thomas Reed, an escaped captive, that "They are 
secure and scornful, boasting of great things they have done 
and will do." 

About the middle of April. 1676, a party of these Deerfield 
Indians went down to Hatfield North Meadow and drove off 
eighty head of horses and cattle. They kept these cattle for a 
time in the common field, previously well fenced by the settlers. 



^7 

• 

at the Deerfield meadow, where Reed saw them, and '"Found 

the bars put up to keep them in." ' 

The report which this man Reed brought in of the defiant 
manner of the savages and their quiet possession of the culti- 
vated fields of the expelled settlers, seems to have roused the 
spirit of the English and induced them to take the offensive. 
"This being the state of things," writes Mr. Russell, "We think 
the Lord calls us to make some trial what mav be done against 
them suddenly without further delay ; and therefore the concur- 
ring resolution of men here seems to be to go out against them 
to-morrow at night so as to be with them, the Lord assisting, 
before break of day." 

This was written May 15th. and the determination was 
carried into effect the rSth, when about one hundred and fifty 
mounted men, chiefly from the river towns, with Benjamin Wait 
and Experience Hinsdale as guides, started from Hatfield. "To 
assail-the Indians at the falls above Deerfield." 

The expedition was under command of Capt. William Tur- 
ner. "They found. the Indians all asleep, without having any 
scout abrqad, so that our soldiers came and put their guns into 
their wigwams before the Indians were aware of them and did 
make a great and notable slaughter among them. Some got 
out of the wigwams and fought and killed one of the English ; 
others did enter the river to swim over from the English, but 
many were shot dead in the waters; others wounded were there- 
in drowned, many got into canoes to paddle away, but the pad- 
dles being shot, the canoes overset with all therein ; and the 
stream being violent and swift near the falls most that fell over- 
board were carried upon the falls. Others of them, creeping for 
shelter under the banks of the great river, were espied by our 
men and killed with their swords."* The number of Indians 
slain, most of them women and children, was probably about 
one hundred and seventy-five, though the account at the time 
made it much larger. 

But this first success in earlv morning was later in the dav 
changed into a most disastrous rout of the English. The Indi- 
ans, who were camped on the east bank and on Smead's Island, 
crossed the river and assailed our men in the rear after they had 
begun their homeward march. At the same time a report that 
King Philip with a thousand warriors was at hand got started 
and produced a panic. 

•History of Hadley. 



2g 
• 

Our men got scattered ; Capt. Turner was shot as he was 
passing Green river; many lost their way in the woods ; and 
though Capt. Holyoke, the second in command, conducted the 
retreat with great bravery and skill, he was followed by the vic- 
torious savages to the south end of Deerfield meadow. In all, 
thirt}--eight of the English were killed, three of whom were 
Hatfield men, viz. : Samuel Gillet, John Church and William 
Allis, Jr. 

The battle was fought on Friday, but some of the men who 
got lost wandered about for two or three days. Jonathan 
Wells, who was wounded, after severe suffering and several 
narrow escapes, reached Hatfield on the Sabbath. Rev. Hope 
Atherton of Hatfield. wl:o accompanied the troops, "After sub- 
sisting." as he sa}-s, "The space of three days and part of 
another, without ordinary food," came into Hadley about noon 
on Monday. 

This double defeat had its natural result. The English 
saw the need of a larger force which could crush by its very 
weight; and the Indians felt weakened by so great a loss, and 
contented themselves with securing a stock of provisions, partly 
by the fisheries and partly by plunder. 

Their first plundering expedition was against Hatfield, 
which was easiest of access from their camp above Deerfield. 
On the 30th of May, while most of the men were away at work 
in their planting field, a large body of Indians, estimated at 
between two and three hundred, made a simultaneous attack 
on the line of palisaded dwellings, on the herdsmen tending the 
cattle and on the men at work in the fields. Holding these last 
at bay they fired twelve houses and barns, killed or drove away 
manj' of the cattle and nearly all the sheep. Seeing the flames 
of the burning buildings, a company of twenty-five young men 
from Hadley crossed the river in face of a hot fire from the ene- 
my and by their daring bravery saved the town. This company 
lost five of their own number, but so far as appears, none of 
Hatfield were slain. 

A large body of troops now concentrated in the valley. 
About four hundred and fifty came up from Connecticut under 
Major Talcott. Capt. Henchman, with over three hundred and 
fifty men, arrived soon after from the Bay. These scoured the 
country northward and eastward, and effectually scattered the 
enemy. In one expedition they "Burnt a hundred wigwams 
upon an island, ruined an Indian fort, spoiled an abundance of 



fish which they found in barns under ground and destroyed 
thirty canoes."* Later they destroyed all the standing corn at 
Deerfield and Northfield. 

Few Indians were seen in the county later than July. They 
were suffering from famine and disease, were hunted from place 
to place and many were killed. Some of the women and chil- 
dren gave themselves up or were taken prisoners. The death 
of Philip, August 1 2th, appeared to put an end to the war. The 
main body drew off towards Albany where they were harbored 
and supplied with arms by the authorities acting under Andros. 
The military operations of the preceding spring, as well as 
the danger imminent at that time, prevented the planting of the 
usual extent of ground. The North Meadow was probably not 
put in tillage at all this year, consequently the harvests were 
light. 

Hatfield's Great Calamity. The spring of 1677 
opened propitiously. Our people planted and tended their fields 
in peace, and in summer gathered the hay from the intervals. 
Their sense of security is shown by the fact that a number who 
were driven from Deerfield in the fall of '75 now returned there 
and commenced to rebuild their houses. 

Though rendered cautious by experience the settlers were 
somewhat hardened by danger. They had the courage and 
some of the recklessness which is always engendered by constant 
alarms, perils, escapes and scouting. "They went about their 
ordinary business with arms in their hands, and to their solemn 
assemblies as one goeth to the battle," but it was as much from 
habit as a sense of imminent danger. As the fishing season 
went by without the return of the Indians to their old haunts, 
and the period of full summer foliage of the trees, usually chosen 
because of the better facility for ambush and skulking, was 
past, they seem to have regarded themselves as safe for the 
year. No scouts were sent out and no guards were maintained 
at home. 

But Hatfield paid dearly for her fancied security. On the 
19th of September, more than a year after the war was consid- 
ered closed, at eleven o'clock in the forenoon, while the princi- 
pal part of the men were dispersed in the meadows and unsus- 
picious of danger, a party of Indians suddenly assaulted the 
few men left at home, who just then were at work upon the 



•History of Hadley. 



30 

frame of a house outside the palisades, killed three of them and 
then fell upon the defenceless women and children. Before 
help could come thev fired seven houses, killed nine persons, 
making twelve in all, wounded four, took seventeen captives 
and escaped to the cover of the woods. 

The boldness and suddenness of the movement assured its 
success. The people seem to have been paralyzed by the shock 
and made no earnest effort at rescue. Perhaps the fear lest the 
captives might be tomahawked, if pursuit was made, and the 
hope that they would be spared if unmolested, may have had 
weight. The Indians went that day to Deerfield where they 
killed one and captured four men, and halted for the night. 
They spent the second night at Northfield west meadow. 
They proceeded further up the river and camped on the east side, 
about twent}- miles above Northfield, where they built a long 
wigwam and remained about three weeks. About the middle 
of October the party, augmented by about eight}' women and 
children, taken in the neighborhood of Wachusett, moved off 
crossing the country to Lake Champlain and thence to Canada. 

With perhaps an individual exception these seventeen from 
Hatfield, and those taken at Deerfield, were the first captives 
from the valley that had to endure the sufferings and perils 
of a march through the then almost impassable wilderness. 
The captives taken in the two preceding years, with two 
exceptions, were either burned at the stake or otherwise tortured 
to death. 

Of those whose descendants settled Whately, Sergeant Isaac 
Graves and John Graves were killed; Hannah, the wife of John 
Coleman and her babe, Bertha, were killed ; another child wound- 
ed and two taken captive; Mary, the wife of Samuel Belden, 
was killed ; the wife and daughter of John Wells were wounded 
and his daughter Elizabeth, aged two. was killed; the wife of 
Obadiah Dickinson was wounded, himself and one child carried 
off; Abigail, daughter of John AUis, aged six ; Martha, the wife 
of Benjamin Wait, and her three daughters; Mar\', the wife of 
Samuel Foote, her daughter Mar}-, aged three, and a young son 
were carried into captivity. 

Thus in the three years of the war, twenty seven of Hatfield 
were killed and nineteen made prisoners. In regard to both 
life and property, the loss of this town was greater in proportion 
to population than any of the surviving towns in the valley. 
"From one- third to one-half the houses were burned and the 
greater part of their kine, sheep and horses killed or driven off." 



31 

The story of Benjamin Wait, whose house, situated on the 
west side of Hatfield street, just south of King's hill, was burned, 
and whose family were among the captives taken on the 19th of 
September, possesses both a local and a public interest; and as 
he was the ancestor of many of our families, it should have a 
place in these annals. At the time of our narrative he was a 
young man of about thirty. His family consisted of Martha, his 
wife and three little girls, Mary, six, Martha, four, and Sarah 
two years of age. Inured to woodcraft and familiar with Indian 
customs, it is not difficult to imagine what was his first impulse 
when he reached the ashes of his home and learned the fate of 
his young wife and babes. But he had prudence as well as 
haste, and wisely, as the event proved, took counsel of liis sec- 
ond thoughts. 

But after enduring a month of suspense, Wait, and his 
friend, Stephen Jennings, whose family was also among the cap- 
tives, determined to ascertain the fate of their friends and re- 
deem them if found alive. With a commission from the;gov- 
ernor of Massachusetts they set out from Hatfield, October 24, 
to go by way of Westfield to Albany, then the only traveled 
route to Canada. 

The authorities at Albany, who were on friendly terms with 
the French and their Indian allies, blocked their plans and after 
vexatious detentions, sent them on a false pretense to New 
York. At length, through the intercession of Capt. Brockhurst, 
they were sent back to Albany with a pass. It was now the 
19th of November and it was the loth of December before they 
got on their way. A Frenchman whom they hired to act as 
guide was bribed by the Dutch governor and deserted them, 
and they were forced to engage a Mohawk Indian to conduct 
them to Lake George. This savage, who proved true to them, 
fitted up a canoe and made a drawing of the lakes by which 
they were to pass. "They were three days passing -the first 
lakes and then, carrying their canoe two miles over a neck 
of land, they entered the great lake which the second day the>-, 
hoping to trust to the ice, left their canoe, but having tra\'eled 
one day upon the ice they were forced to return back to tetch 
their canoe, and then went by water till they came to the land. 
being windbound six days in the interim ; so as they made it 
about the first of January, having traveled three days without a 
bit of bread or any other relief but some raccoon's Mesh which 
they had killed in an hollow tree. 



52 



"On the 6th of January they came to Chamblee, a small 
village of ten houses belonging to the French, only by the way 
they met with a bag of biscuit and a bottle of 'brandy in an 
empty wigwam with which they were not a little refreshed ; and 
in traveling towards Sorell, filiv mile distant, from thence they 
came to a lodging of Indians, among whom they found the wife 
of Jennings."* They found the remainder of the captives at 
Sorell and, to his great joy, Wait found a little daughter added 
to his family. He named her Canada.* Unable to secure all 
the captives without the assistance of the French authorities, 
they went down to Quebec. Here they were well entertained 
by the governor, who granted their desire and assigned them a 
guard of eleven soldiers for the journey to Albany. They left 
Quebec on the 19th of April and Sorell on the 2d of May, hav- 
ing redeemed all the captives then living. They reached Albany 
on their return May 22. 

From Albany a messenger was sent to Hatfield with letters 
telling of their success and need of assistance. But Wait's let- 
ter will tell its own story: 

Albany, May 23,1678. 
To my loving friends and kindred at Hatfield: — 

These few lines are to let you understand that we are 
arrived at Albany now \vith the captives, and we now stand in 
need of assistance, for my charges are very great and heavy ; 
and therefore any that have any love to our condition let it move 
them to come and help us in this strait. Three of the captives 
are murdered, — old Goodman Ph^mpton, Samuel Foote's daugh- 
ter, Samuel Russell. All the rest are alive and well and now at 
Albany, namely: Obadiah Dickinson and his child, Mary Foote 
and her child, Hannah Jennings and three children, Abigail 
Allis. Abigail Bartholomew, Goodman Coleman's children, 
Samuel Kellogg, my wife and four children and Quintin Stock- 
well. I pray you hasten the matter for it requireth great haste. 
Stay not for the Sabbath nor shoeing of horses. We shall en- 
deavor to meet you at Kanterhook ; it may be at Housatonock. 
We must come very softly because of our wives and children. 
I pray you hasten them, stay not night nor day, for the matter 
requireth haste. Bring provisions with you for us. 

Your loving kinsman., 

BENJAMIN WAIT. 

♦Hubbard's New England. 

•Canada Wait m. Joseph Smith, son of the John Smith of Hadley who 
was slain in Hatfield Meadow, May 30, 1676 ; she was the grandniotber 
the late Oliver Smith. 



33 

P. S. — At Albany written frommineown hand. As I have been 
affected to \ours, all that were fatherless, be affected to me now, 
and hasten the matter and stay not, and ease me of my charges. 
You shall not need to be afraid of any enemies. 

After stopping at Albany three days they started, May 27. 
and walked twenty-two miles to Kinderhook, where they met 
men and horses from Hatfield. They rode through the woods to 
VVestfield and all reached home safely after an absence of eight 
months. "The ransom of the captives cost above ^200, which 
was gathered by contribution among the English." Copies of 
this letter and one from Stockwell were carried to Medfield and 
thence sent to the governor and council at Boston. 

On their receipt, the following official notice was issued: 
"Knowing that the labour, hazard and charge of said Ben- 
jamin Wait and his associate have been great we recommend 
their case with the captives for relief to the pious charity of the 
elders, ministers and congregations of the several towns; that 
on the fast day [previously appointed] they manifest their char- 
ity by contributing to the relief of said persons. And the min- 
isters are desired to stir up the people thereunto. For quicken- 
ing this work we do hereby remit a copy of Benjamin Wait's 
letter to be read publickly, either before or upon that day; and 
what is freely given is to be remitted to Mr. Anthony Stoddard, 
Mr. John Joyliff and Mr. John Richards, or either of them, who 
are appointed to deliver and distribute the same for the ends 
aforesaid." Signed, "Edw. Rawson, Sec'y. 

Wait rebuilt his burned house, but it is not strange that 
he was a changed man. The next few years were years of 
peace. He reared a family of three hardy boys, in addition to 
the girls already named. When the news reached Hatfield of 
the French and Indian attack on Deerfield, Feb. 29, 1704, 
though nearly sixty years old, he was the first to start for her 
relief. He was killed by a musket ball in the meadow fight of 
that morning. 

We cannot refrain from saying, all honor to the brave scout 
and Indian fighter I His name is not often mentioned among 
the heroes of those wars, but among them all, among those who 
did most for their country's welfare and stood firmest in the 
hour of her early peril, who dared, sufiered, made no boasts 
and claimed no official distinction, who offered his life in sacri- 
fice for those he loved, among those whose heroic deeds have 
made this beautiful valley immortal, no name is brighter and no 



34 

one's memory is more worthy to be cherished than that of Ben- 
jamin Wait. 

Thus did our fathers receive early the baptism of blood, by 
which they did enter into living covenant with Him who was 
their "Life and breath and all things; " whose Providence was 
their strength and defence and whose grace was their hope. 
And thus by a "fien,' trial" were they fitted to give vital force 
to the life, shape to the character and firm foundation to the 
social and religious institutions which are our favored heritage 
to-dav. 



CHAPTER IV. 

AN INTERIM OF PEACE, 1678 — I7OO. 

Among the names of interest, as connected with these an- 
nals, added to the list of settlers since our last enumeration, 
were those of Robert Bard well, who is first introduced to the 
valley in a military capacity. Thomas Crafts, a refugee from 
Deerfield, earlier from Roxbur>', Eleazer Frary of Medfield. 
Benjamin Wait, William Scott, probably from Waterbun.' or 
Farmington, Ct., Samuel Marsh from Hartford. Samuel Gillet 
from Windsor, John Wells from Stratford. Ct., and Dr. Thomas 
Hastings from Watertown. 

The wastes of war had been great. With the loss of life 
and buildings, the neglect of the fields and the derangement of 
trade, everything had been set back. Farm employments had 
been so difficult and dangerous that only the necessaries of life 
had been obtained — no more had been attempted — and the 
brush and wild grasses had made encroachments and the fences 
were fallen down. In many respects it was like beginning 
anew. But though sorely crippled the settlers seem not to have 
been disheartened. They set themselves in earnest to repair 
the waste, re-establish their homes and add to their comfort and 
conveniences. Apple and quince trees were more commonly 
planted, and now, for the first time, houses were built on the 
"Hill." west of Mill River. 

A larger breadth of land was put in corn, wheat, flax, and 
barley for malting was more commonly raised. The destruction 
of their sheep had made a scarcity of wool, and these agricul- 
tural products and malt were needed to meet the increased 



36 

demand for taxes and as a medium of exchange for some for- 
eign luxuries which now, for thefirst time, appear to have been 
introduced into this part of the valley. 

War always loosens the restraints and vitiates the simpler 
tastes of home life. It engenders a heedless, arrogant spirit, 
destructive alike of habits of economy and regard for the rights 
and feelings of others, and brings into play the more selfish 
passions. Its maxim is that "Might makes right," and hence 
too often, even in wars of necessity and defence, it comes to be 
an acknowledged principle that the end sanctifies the means. 
With the return of peace there usually comes a period of extrav- 
agance and lawlessness. 

The quartering upon our people of so many officers and 
soldiers from the older settlements, many of them of the wealth- 
ier classes, had introduced new social ideas and awakened a 
desire for dress and other accompaniments of rank. These mil- 
itan.- men were looked upon as their saviors, and, of course, 
demanded their gratitude and kind consideration. They gladly 
shared with them their homes and the best provisions their 
straitened circumstances permitted. A petition sent to the Gen- 
eral Court by the friends of Rev. Mr. Russell of Hadley, whose 
house was the headquarters of the army, gives us some insight 
into this matter. They sa}-: 

"The chief gentlemen improved in the affairs of the war 
were entertained there, which called for provisions answerable.' 
and was of the best to be had ; that he had to draw divers bar- 
rels of ale and much wine, and fruit suitable to the company; 
and had no more credit for such company by the week or meal 
than other men [had] for ordinary' entertainment." 

Perhaps all could not command for their guests such meats 
and drinks, but there is no doubt that all furnished "The best 
to be had." Very naturally these ofiicers, especially the lower 
grades, who were brought more directly in contact with the peo- 
ple, instilled some of their own feelings and social theories into 
the minds of the young men and maidens. Very naturally the 
latter wanted to appear well in the eyes of the former and 
adopted some notions not exactly consistent with their present 
impoverished condition. Very naturally they coveted the lux- 
uries and copied the fashions prevalent at Boston and Hartford. 
Very naturally linsey-woolsey had to give place to silks, and 
laces and ornaments came to be regarded as essential to fully 
set off natural charms, to the great grief of staid old fathers and 
mothers and the offence of the magistrates. 



37 

The laws of the colony which regulated matters of dress 
and ornament, and family expenses, and restrained excesses, 
have been much criticised and often held up to ridicule, and 
sometime adduced in proof of Puritan intolerance and narrow- 
mindedness. These early fathers certainly differed greatly in 
opinion from us, but they differed as greatlv in condition. Per- 
haps in their circumstances they were as wise and tolerant as 
their children. 

To show the grounds and reasons for their sumptuan,' laws, 
as understood by themselves, the act "Against excesse in appar- 
rell," passed 14 October, 165 1, is here copied in full: 

Although severall declarations and orders have bin made 
by this Courte against excesse in apparrell, both of men and 
weomen, which have not taken that efiect as were to be desired, 
but, on the contrary, wee cannot but to our greife take notice 
that intollerable excesse and bravery hath crept in uppon us, 
and especially amongst people of mean condition, to the dishon- 
nor of God, the scandall of our profession, the consumption of 
estates, and altogether uusuiteable to our povertie ; and although 
we acknowledge it to be a matter of much difficultie. in regard 
to the blindnes of mens minds and the stubbornes of their willes, 
to sett downe exact rules to confine all sorts of persons, yett wee 
cannot but account it our duty to commend unto all sortes of 
persons the sober and moderate use of those blessings which, 
beyond expectation, the Lord hath bin pleased to affoard unto 
us in this wilderness, and also to declare our utter detestation 
and dislike that men or weomen of meane condition should take 
uppon them the garbe of gentlemen, by wearing gold or silver 
lace or buttons,, or points at their knees, or to walk in greate 
bootes, or weomen of the same rancke to weare silke or tiffany 
hoodes or scarfes, which though allowable to persons of greater 
estates, or more liberall education, yett wee cannot but judge it 
intollerable in persons of such like condition; itt is therefore 
ordered by this Courte, and the authority thereof, that no per- 
son within this jurisdiction, of any of their relations depending 
uppon them, whose visible estates, reall and personall, shall not 
exceede the true and indifierent valew of two hundred pounds, 
shall wear any gold or silver lace, or gold and silver buttons, or 
any bone lace above two shillings pr. yard, or silk hoods, or 
scarfes, uppon the penaltie of tenn shillings for every such 
offence, and every such delinquent to be presented by the graund 
jury. 

And forasmuch as distinct and particular rules in this case 
.suiteabie to the estate or quallitie of each person, cannot easily 
be given, itt is further ordered by the authoritie aforesaid, that 
the selectmen of every toune, or the major part of them, are 
heereby enabled and required from time to time to have regard 
and take notice of apparrell in any of the inhabitants of their 



38 

severall tounes respectively, and whosoever they shall judge to 
exceede their rancks and abillities in the costlines or ffashion of 
their apparrell in any respect, especially in the wearing of rib- 
bons or greate bootes (leather being so scarce a commoditie in 
this CO jatrie). lace pointer, &c. silke hoodes or scarfes, the 
selectmen aforesaid shall have power to assesse such persons so 
offending in any of the particulars above mentioned, in the 
country rates, at two hundred pounds estates, according to that 
proportion that such men use to pay to whom such apparrell is 
suiieable and al'owed, — provided this lawe shall not extend to 
the restraint of any magistrate or publicke officer of the jurisdic- 
tion, their wives and children, who are left to their discretion in 
wearing ot" apparrell, or any settled millitary officer or souldier 
in the time of millitary service, or any other whose education 
and imploiments have bin above the ordinary degree, or whose 
estates have bin considerable, though now decaied. 

Under this law, at the March term of the court for Hamp- 
shire county, 1676, "The jury presented sixty-eight persons, 
viz., thirty-eight wives and maids and thirty young men, some 
for wearing silk and that in a flaunting manner, and others for 
long hair and other extravagancies." Joseph Barnard and his 
wife Sarah, and his sister Sarah, Thomas Crafts, Jonathan 
Wells and the wife of Thomas Wells, Jr., "Were fined ten shil- 
lings." 

In September, 1682, the selectmen of the five River towns 
were all "presented" to the Court for "Not assessing, according 
to law," those of the inhabitants of their several towns that 
"wore silk" and "Were excessive in their apparel." 

But the public sentiment had undergone a change. The 
young man could fight the Indians as well as his father, and 
personal courage was a passport to favor; and the young men 
and young women combined and declared their independence. 
They — the young women — put on all the silks, scarfs and gold 
rings they could induce their brothers snd beaux to purchase 
for them and defied the law ! Of course the law was a dead 
letter. 

There is another law of the colony, not often referred to but 
important, as showing the temper of the times, which I will 
quote in this connection. It will help explain some of the cus- 
toms of the early settlers, to be described more fully hereafter. 
It is the order of the court of 14 May, 1656, "Requiring ye 
improovement of all hands in spinning:" 

This Court, taking into serious consideration the present 
streights and necessities that lye uppon the countrie in respect 
of cloathing, which is not like to be so plentifully supplied from 



39 

forraigne parts as in times past, and not knowing any better 
way and nieanes conduceable to our subsistence than the im- 
prooveing of as many hands as may be in spining woole, cot- 
ton, flax, &:c. 

Itt is therefore ordered by this Court and the authoritie 
thereof, that all hands not necessarily imploide on other occa- 
sions, as weomen, girles and boyes, shall and hereby are en- 
joyned to spinn according to their skills and abillitie; and that 
the selectmen in every toune doe consider the condit'on and 
capacitie of every family, and accordingly to assesse them at 
one or more spinners; and because several families are necessa- 
rily emploied the greatest part of theire time in other busines, 
yet, if opportunities were attended, some time might be spared 
at large by some of them for this worke.the said selectmen shall 
therefore assesse such families at half or a quarter of a spinner, 
according to theire capacities. 

Secondly, that every one thus assessed for a whole spiner 
doe, after this present yeare, 1656, spinn, for thirty weekes every 
yeare, three pounds pr. weeke of linin, cotton or woollen, and 
so proportionably for half or quarter spinners, under the penal- 
tie ot twelve pence for every pound short ; and the selectmen 
shall take speciall care of the execution of this order, which 
may be easily effected, by deviding their several tounes into 
tenn, six, five, and to appoint one of the tenn. six or five to 
take an account of theire division, and to certifie the selectmen 
if any are defective in what they are assessed, who shall im- 
proove the aforesaid penalties imposed upon such as are negli- 
gent, for the encouragement of those that are diligent in their 
labour. 

This "mind" of the court was in force not latterly as a law, 
but as a custom, for nearly one hundred and fifty years. 

As a further illustration of the condition of families in those 
early times and the convenience of housekeeping, and the kind 
and value of stock and tools upon a good farm, the inventory of 
Lieut. William AUis, taken Sept. iS, 1678, is herewith ap- 
pended: 

In purse and apparrell, 

Arms and ammunition, 

Beds and their furniture. 

Napkins and other linen. 

Brass and pewter pieces, 

Iron utensils. 

Cart and plow irons, chains, stilliards, 

Tables, pitchforks, cushions, sythe, 

Barrels, tubs, trays, 

Woolen and linen yarne. 

Several sorts hi grain, flax, 

2 horses, 

3 cows, 2 steers, 2 calves, i heifer, 



£9 


13 





6 


r 





9 


5 





o 


I 





5 


ID 





^ 


r I 


6 


7 


5 





r 


19 





3 


9 


6 





iS 


6 


1 1 


12 





7 








20 









/lO 


8 





lOO 








114 








136 








20 








28 


13 






40 

Swine and sheep, 

Houses and home lot, 

Land in South meadow, 

"Land in Great and Little meadow, 

Land in Plain and Swamp, 

Land in Quinepiake, 

^496 06 6 

Pastures. — Cows and- sheep were pastured on the "Com- 
mons" lying to the west and northwest of the street. Young 
stock of all kinds was "marked" and turned out to run at large. 
As soon as the cattle became sufficiently numerous, i. e., about 
1680, a cow-herd was employed. An agreement is recorded by 
which a man agreed to keep the town herd from early in May 
to Sept. 29, for twelve shillings a week, payable in grain. He 
was to start the herd in the morning by the time the sun was an 
hour high, take them to good feed, watch them and bring them 
in seasonably at night. 

The date, Sept. 29. is named because this was the time 
when all crops on the intervals were required to be gathered, 
and after which the proprietoTs pastured the cows in their 
enclosed fields until the snow fell. The care taken that none 
should be deprived of religious ordinances, is evinced in the 
vote of the town requiring every owner of cows or sheep to take 
his turn in tending the herd on the Sabbath. Thus gi\dng the 
cow-herd or shepherd an equal share in the rest and privileges 
of holy time. Hatfield had two hundred and seventy-three 
sheep in 169 1. 

By a law of the colony a dog that bit or killed sheep was to 
be hanged. Usually the guilty dog was taken to the woods, a 
leaning staddle was bent down, and a cord was fastened to the 
top and to the dog's neck; the elastic sapling then sprung back, 
with the dog dangling in the air. Sometimes both cats and 
dogs were hanged at the short end of the well-swipe, as is relat- 
ed by Sylvester Judd in the History of Hadley. 

Bashan. — About this time, probably in 1682, the meadows 
lying north of Great meadow were divided and allotted among 
the inhabitants. No doubt the planters and mowers, as they 
worked close up to Little Pond, had often looked wishfully over 
the ridge to the goodly and fruitful land beyond. No wonder, 
as they saw its noble oaks and walnuts ^nd its fat pasturage, 
they named it Bashan. 

Like the other meadows, this tract was first divided into 



41 

two parts, now known as Old Farms and West Farms and each 
of the then fifty-eight proprietors received a'lot in both parts. 
Three or four houses were built on Bashan near this date. The 
cellar holes of two of these houses and stones used for the chim- 
neys may now, or could till recently, be seen on land of R. H. 
Belden, Esq. 

One of these houses was "fortified," as appears from the 
records of [695, but owing to their great distance from the vil- 
lage and the difl&culty of getting to and fro, especially during 
the spring freshets, and their exposure to Indian assaults, they 
were abandoned for a time, perhaps permanently, about the 
time of. the breaking out of the war of 1703. 

When David Graves built in the Straits, thirty years later, 
some of the timbers from one of these Bashan houses was trans- 
ferred and used in the frame of his dwelling house (the old 
Stockbridge Tavern). Possibly the Bashan settlement was not 
finally abandoned till about 1728. 

The Major Daniel Dennison grant, lying north of the Great 
Pond in Hatfield and extending one rod into said pond, contain- 
ing 500 acres, was given by his will to his daughter, Elizabeth, 
who married John Rogers of Ipswich, Mass. The will was 
dated 5 Nov., 16S8. After she was a widow she sold the whole 
tract to William Arms for i^ico in current money. It was 
bounded east on Great river, north on Bradstreet's grant, west 
on Hatfield commons and south on the Great meadows. 

This was bought by Mr. Arms as an agent for a company 
of seven, viz.: William Arms, Joseph Field, Robert Bardwell, 
Samuel Field, Daniel Warner, Stephen Jennings and Samuel 
Gunn. 

The Four Divisions of Commons. — Up to 1683 only a 
small portion of the lands in Hatfield township had been dis- 
tributed among the inhabitants. All the River meadows north 
of Bashan, and all the uplands west of the "Hill" and the 
Straits road, were lying common and used for general pasturage. 
But now these upland Commons were divided and apportioned 
among the settlers. 

Oct. 21, 1684. — "The town hath agreed to divide the Com- 
mons in the town (except what is reserved for home lots, sheep 
pastures, etc., ) to every inhabitant, according to his present val- 
uation of estates ; and the said Commons shall be laid out in 
four divisions, the first to begin upon the plain behind the Mill 
and end at the northerly line of the uppermost lot laid out in 



42 

Mill River swamp ; the second to begin at the north side of the 
uppermost lot in the Mill River swamp and end at the north 
side of the town bounds ; the .third division to begin at the 
northwest side of the highway that goeth towards Northampton 
and from the hill commonly called Sandy Hill and end at the 
rising up of the side of the hill called the Chestnut mountain; 
the fourth division to begin where the third division endeth and 
to end at the outside of the town bounds." 

As will appear from this vote, the whole territory lying 
westof the River meadows was marked off into two parallelo- 
grams, one embracing the land between the said River meadows 
and Chestnut plain road, and the other the tract west of this 
road. These main divisions were then cut by an east and west 
line running nearly parallel to though not coincident with the 
present south line of Whately. The whole of the second and 
fourth, and nine lots in the third division, also nine lots in the 
first division lay in Whately. 

Each Hatfield inhabitant then holding real and ratable 
estate, sixty-nine in number, received a lot in each of the four 
divisions. The principle of distribution, i. e., the size of each 
man's lot was, "According to the present valuation of estates." 
This, of course, made great diversity in the size of the lots. 
The allotment thus made in 16S4 was confirmed in 1716, and re- 
confirmed in 1735. 

The eastern boundary of the second division of Commons 
was very irregular. For a short distance, it ran on the bank 
west of the wet swamp, afterwards called Hopewell ; then on 
the west line of the Gov. Bradstreet farm; and from the north 
line of this farm to the north line of the town it extended to the 
Connecticut river. 

After the division of the Commons according to the vote of 
the town of Hatfield, passed 21 Oct., 1684, confirmed in 1716, 
and reconfirmed in 1735, it was discovered that after settling 
the boundary line between the towns of Deerfield and Hatfield, 
that several of the mo^t northerly lots did not run through to 
Chestnut Plain street, which was the western boundary of the 
second division of Commons, as they should. We find that 
the town of Hatfield passed the following preamble and vote 
relative thereto: 

"Whereas, the lots in the .second division of Commons in 
Hatfield were originally laid out running west and by north and 
east and by south, and the said division was to run to the north 



43 

side of the town bounds, agreeable to the town of Hatfield 
records, in ye year 1684. And, whereas, the dividing line be- 
tween the towns of Hatfield and Deerfield is a line running east 
and west, as finally settled by the general court. And the com- 
mittee that was employed to stake out the several divisions of 
Commons in the year 1743, found several of the northernmost 
lots in this division were cut ofif and by running the course of 
the division met with the dividing line between the said towns, 
so. as to make the said lots triangular. And the proprietors — 
owners of said lots — are cut ofif from their just proportion of 
land, as originally granted them. And it appearing to tlie pro- 
prietors that a line run north and south at the west end of the 
second division is 885 rods, 7 feet and i inch, which is 135 rods. 
12 feet and 5 inches less than the width of said lots at ye east 
end. And that each proprietor hath f^ just claim to have his 
lot run through said division from east to west. 

"Therefore, voted that said division be staked out anew and 
that each proprietor have his proportion, as to the width staked 
out to him both on the east end and on the westerly part, upon 
a north line from the northwest corner of the uppermost Mill 
swamp to Deerfield bounds (according to the true intent of the 
original grant, as near as may be), and that the several lots in 
the division be staked out so much narrower on the westerly 
part, as that the said triangular lots may run through to the 
highway, on the west side of Mill River swamp, and have their 
proportion on said west line with the other lots in said division," 

We also here give a copy of the record of a preamble and 
vote recorded in the Hatfield town records, in reference to the 
fourth division of Commons : 

At a meeting of the proprietors according to adjournment 
upon Nov. 14, 1748. It was voted : 

"Whereas, the committee that was employed in the year 
1743 to stake out the second division of Commons in the six- 
mile grant, in Hatfield, have reported at this meeting that in 
staking out the fourth division they found there was wanting of 
land to complete the breadth of each proprietor's lot, as staked 
out in the year 17 16, 124 rods, 3 feet and 6 inches, which les- 
sens each lot two feet upon ye rod (occasioned by the settlement 
of the line between this town and Deerfield). The committee 
have, therefore, lessened each lot in that proportion and set up 
stakes, marked with the two first letters of each original pro 
prietors's name, accordingly." 



44 

At a meeting of the proprietors of four divisions of Com- 
mons, in Hatfield, held by adjournment Dec. 5, 1748. 

"Voted, that the committee chose the third of November 
last to search the records and enquire of those learned in the 
law. what method the}' shall proceed in affect to the second 
division, and be directed to perform said service as soon as may 
be, and make report to this meeting at the time it may be 
adjourned. Then voted, that this meeting be adjourned to 
Monday, the 12 inst.. at one of the clock in the afternoon, then 
to meet at ye house of Mr. Elisha Allis, innholder in Hatfield." 

At a meeting of the aforementioned proprietors held by 
adjournment Dae. 12, 174S, at the house of Elisha Allis: 

"The committee, chosen Nov. 3, 1748, report agreeable to 
the direction of the proprietors. They have searched the rec- 
ords and obtained the advice of some gentlemen of ye law 
respecting the Commons, particularly the second division, which 
the gentlemen reduced to writing, and is as follows: 

Northampton, Dec. 6, 1748. — In the case of the Commons, 
Hatfield, referred to us. We are of the opinion that the Com- 
mons are legally brought, a propriety, that each proprietor must 
have his right in the second division, this from east to west. 
. The vote in the margin that the course of the lots is to be. east 
by south and west by north, notwithstanding, and to have their 
proportion at each end. Signed, Tim ° . Dvvight, Phineas Ly- 
man, John Worthington." 

From the foregoing votes of the inhabitants of Hatfield is 
our authority for the correction of the figures giving the width 
of the several lots in the second division of Commons, Mr. Tem- 
ple copying the first, or erroneous records, instead of the records 
of 1748. As will be seen, the difiBculty was at the west end of 
the division (on Chestnut Plain street). The second division 
measured from the northwest corner of the Mill swamp lots 885 
rods, 7 feet and i inch, while the east end measured 102 1 rods 
and 3 feet, making a difference of more than 135 rods. 

These lots in the second division were laid out in half miles 
and called the first, second, third and fourth half miles. The 
first half mile extended from Chestnut Plain street east to Alon- 
zo Crafts' corner, or Claverack road ; the second half mile 
extended to the remains of an old drain about two rods west of 
C. R. R.R. station ; the third half mile extended to within about 
16 rods of the west line of the Gov. Simon Bradstreet grant. 
The average widening of the lots, as you go from the west to 
the east, is 31.1915 rods to the half mile. 



45 

We now give the following, copied from Hatfield records, 
dated Oct. 21, 1684. The first division of Commons began 
upon the plain behind the mill. The lots run west and by north 
and east and by south, abutting against a highway westerly; 
part of them against the clay pits and stone pits; part against 
Mr. Williams' lot, against the land of John Wells, Benjamin 
Wait and Samuel Belding ; part against the hill ; part against 
the pond, and part against the hill by the Great swamp, all east- 
erly, containing in all 69 lots as follows: 

No. I, Samuel Graves, 

No. 2, Nathaniel Dickinson, Jr., 

No. 3, Thomas Mason, Jr., 

No. 4, Town lot, 

No. 5, Mr. Atherton's heirs, 

No. 6, Martin Kellogg, 

No. 7, Samuel Marsh, 

No. 8, William Gull, 

No. 9, John Allis, 

No. 10, Mr. Chauncey, 

No. II, Benjamin Wait, 

No. 12, William Arms, 

No. 13, Philip Russell, 
A highway, 

No. 14, John Cow'les, 

No. 15, W^idow Graves, 

No. 16, Edward Church, 

No. 17, Richard Morton, 

No. iS, Obadiah Dickinson, 

No. 19, Samuel Gunn, 

No. 20, Samuel Allis. 

No. 21, Widow Fellows, 

No. 22, Samuel Taylor, 

No. 23, John Hubbard, 

No. 24, John Coleman, 

No. 25, John Wells, 

No. 26, Daniel Belding, 

No. 27, Thomas Bracy, 

No. 28, Samuel Baldwin, 

No. 29, Thomas and Noah Wells, come in lot 48. 

No. 30, Thomas Hastings, 9 rods 5 feet. 

A highway, 10 rods — 

No. 31, Eleazer Frary, 25 rods — 



33 rods 


wide. 




9 rods 


12 feet. 




8 rods 






7 rods 


— prob. 


for road 


I 2 rods 


14 feet. 




5 rods 


14 feet. 




9 rods 


12 feet. 




26 rods 


6 feet. 




48 rods 






5 rods 


12 feet. 




20 rods 






13 rods 






19 rods 


— 




TO rods 






37 rods 


— 




10 rods 




• 


25 rods 






28 rods 


6 feet. 




1 1 rods 


2 feet. 




5 rods 


8 feet. 




19 rods 


— 




II rods 


12 feet. 




2 1 rods 


6 feet. 




17 rods 






37 rods 


6 feet. 




25 rods 






13 rods 


I r feet. 




5 rods 






27 rods 


6 feet. 





46 



No. 


32, 


Samuel Foote, 


II rods 


14 feet. 


No. 


33' 


Isaac Graves, 


14 rods 


6 feet. 


No. 


34. 


Walter Hixon, 


7 rods 


12 feet. 


No. 


35^ 


Joseph Boardman, 


5 rods 


14 feet. 


No. 


36, 


Beriah Hastings, 


ID rods 


— 


No. 


37' 


Samuel Partridge, 


10 rods 




No. 


38, 


Hezekiah Dickinson, 


9 rods 




No. 


39. 


John White, 


14 rods 


13 feet. 


No. 


40, 


John Field, 


20 rods 


8 feet. 


No. 


41. 


Robert Page, 


4 rods 


8 feet. 


No, 


42, 


Joseph Field, 


9 rods 


4 feet. 


No. 


43. 


Stephen Tailors' heirs, 


3 rods 


10 feet. 


No. 


44. 


Samuel Kellogg, 


15 rods 


8 feet. 


No. 


45. 


Samuel Gillett's heirs, 


5 rods 


4 feet. 


No. 


46, 


Daniel White, 


24 rods 


12 feet. 


No. 


47. 


Samuel Field, 


1 1 rods 




No. 


48, 


Noah Wells, 


7 rods 


10 feet. 


No. 


49, 


John Steel, 


5 rods 


ID feet. 


No. 


50. 


John Graves, 


15 rods 


10 feet. 


No. 


51. 


Samuel Carter, 


5 rods 


8 feet. 


No. 


52. 


Ephraim Beers. 


6 rods 


8 feet. 


No. 


53. 


Samuel Billings' heirs, 


6 rods 


— 


No. 


54. 


Samuel Wells, 


10 rods 


2 feet. 


No. 


55. 


Thomas Loomis, 


18 rods 




No. 


56, 


John Smith's heirs, 


5 rods 


3 feet, 


No. 


57. 


Daniel Warner, 


37 rods 


— 


No. 


58. 


Joseph Belknap, 


24 rods 


8 feet. 


No. 


59, 


Benjamin Barrett, 
A highway. 


5 rods 
10 rods 


4 feet. 


No. 


60, 


Nathaniel Dickinson, 


40 rods 


— 


The 


i remaining 9 lots are in Whately. 




No. 


61, 


William King, 


5 rods 


14 feet. 


No. 


62, 


Thomas, Meekins, Sr., 


13 rods 


2 feet. 


No. 


63, 


Samuel Graves, Jr., 


9 rods 


2 feet. 


No. 


64. 


Stephen Jennings, 


14 rods 


10 feet. 


No. 


65. 


William Scott, 


14 rods 


I foot. 


No. 


66, 


Samuel Belding, Sr., 


31 rods 


6 feet. 


No. 


67. 


Stephen Belding, 


14 rods 


12 feet. 


No. 


68, 


Samuel Dickinson, 


32 rods 




No. 


69. 


Robert Bardwell, 


10 rods 


4 feet. 



1086 rods II feet. 



47 



The lots in WTiately measure 146 rods, i foot, 6 inches. 

The second division of Commons, abutting upon a high- 
way on the west side of the Mill River swamp (Chestnut Plain 
street so called), and part against the wet swamp and part 
against the Great river easterly. This measurement is on the 
west end. 









rods 


feet 


inches 


No 


I 


Daniel White, 


28 


5 


2 


No. 


2 


Stephen Tailor's heirs 


3 





4 


No. 


■^ 

J 


Walter Hixon, 


8 


2 


I 


No. 


4 


Samuel Gunn, 


5 


6 


II 


No. 


5 


John Smith's heirs, 


3 


16 


4 


No. 


6 


Widow Graves, 


9 


II 


9 


No. 


7 


Thomas Hastings, 


8 


9 


5 


No. 


8. 


Samuel Allis, 


18 


9 


II 


No. 


9. 


Mr. Chauncey, 


6 


14 


I 


No. 


10, 


Richard Morton, 


27 


7 


4 


No. 


II, 


Hezekiah Dickinson, 


8 


9 


5 


No. 


12, 


Benjamin Wait, 


19 


12 


3 


No. 


13- 


Edward Church, 


24 


14 


8 


No. 


14, 


William King, 


5 


6 


II 


No. 


15. 


John Allis, • 


45 


II 


10 


No. 


16, 


Samuel Kellogg, 


II 


T3 


I r 


No. 


17. 


Martin Kellogg, 


5 


6 


II 


No. 


18, 


Joseph Belknap, 


22 


5 


2 


No. 


19. 


John Wells, 


21 


2 


— 


No. 


20, 


Samuel Marsh, 


10 


— 


4 


No. 


2r, 


John Coles, 


31 


12 


2 


No. 


22, 


Samuel Dickinson, 


28 


5 


2 


No. 


23. 


Philip Russell. 


18 


4 


3 


No. 


24, 


Town lot, 


6 


1-4 


I 


No. 


25. 


Ephraim Beers, 


6 


14 


I 


No. 


26, 


Robert Page, 


4 


9 


I 


No. 


27. 


Samuel Graves, Jr., 


7 


II 


7 


No. 


28, 


Thos. Meekins, Jr. 's heirs, 6 


9 


6 


No. 


29. 


Daniel Belding, 


12 


9 


6 


No. 


30. 


Robert Bardwell, 


9 


2 


6 


No. 


31. 


Samuel Partridge, 


9 


7 


3 


No. 


32, 


Benjamin Hastings, 


9 


7 


3 


No. 


33. 


Stephen Belding, 


12 


14 


3 


No. 


34. 


Samuel Wells, 


9 


2 


6 


No. 


35. 


Samuel Field, 


10 


15 


2 



48 



No. 

No. 
No. 
No. 
No. 
No. 
No. 
No. 
No. 
No. 
No. 
No. 
No. 
No, 
No. 
No. 
No. 
No. 
No. 
No. 
No. 
No. 
No. 
No. 
No. 
No. 
No. 
No. 
No. 
No. 
No. 
No. 
No. 
No. 
No. 







rods 


feet 


Inches 


36 


John Coleman, 


31 


12 


2 


A highway, Christian lane, 


ID 


— 




37. 


Thomas Bracy, 


5 


2 


6 


38, 


Isaac Graves, 


13 


6 


6 


39 


Samuel Belding, Sr., 


28 


I 


5 


40 


William Scott, 


12 


14 


3 


41 


Joseph Field, 


8 


13 


II 


42, 


Samuel Foote, 


II 


2 


5 


43 


Nathaniel Dickinson, Jr. 


, 6 


4 


4 


44 


Samuel Carter, 


4 


9 


I 


45, 


Samuel Gailord. 


22 


5 


2 


46 


Widow Fellows, 


II 


/ 


ID 


47 


Samuel Billings' heirs, 


5 


12 


— 


48, 


William Gull, 


25 


2 


2 


49, 


Thomas Meekins, Sr., 


12 


14 


5 


.SO, 


Samuel Gillett's heirs, 


5 


6 


r I 


51 


John Steel, 


5 


6 


1 1 


52 


Joseph Bodman, 


5 


6 


II 


53 


John Graves, 


9 






54 


included in Noah Wells' 








55- 


John Field, 


II 


16 


5 


56 


Thomas Loomis, 


9 


12 


7 


57 


John Hubbard, 


9 


10 


10 


58 


Stephen Jennings, 


7 


15 


2 


59 


Samuel Belding, Jr., 


15 


9 


10 


60 


Samuel Graves, Sr., 


8 


12 


2 


61 


John White, 


8 


12 


2 


62 


William Arms, 


7 


9 


1 1 


63 


Noah Wells. 


4 


7 


4 . 


64 


, Mr. Atherton's heirs, 


7 


10 


II 


65 


, Obadiah Dickinson, 


6 


2 


8 


66 


, Benjamin Barrett. 


4 


2 


6 


67 


. Daniel Warner, 


20 


4 


5 


68 


, Eleazer FrarA', 


14 


8 


7 


69 


, Nathaniel Dickinson, Sr. 


, 21 


7 


5 


70 


, overplus to Mr. Williams 


, 8 


3 


10 



00 



879 

The third division as copied from Hatfield records as laid 
out 21, October 1684, beginning at the northwest side of the 
highway that leadeth to Northampton and all the sandy hill. 



49 









rods 


feet 


No. 


I, Samuel Graves, Sr., 


137 




No. 


2 


Nathaniel Dickinson, Sr., 


217 


— 


No. 


3- 


William King, 


5 


9 


No. 


4, 


John White, 


13 


12 


No. 


5 


Samuel Carter, 


5 


2 


No. 


6, 


William Scott, 


13 




No. 


7 


Ephraim Beers, 


6 


I 


No. 


8 


Joseph Boardman, 


5 


10 


No. 


9 


Obadiah Dickinson, 


13 




No. 


ID 


Robert Page, 


4 


3 


No. 


II 


John Graves, 


14 


8 


No. 


12 


Samuel Tailor, 


19 


12 


No. 


13 


Eleazer Frary, 


23 


I 


No. 


14 


Thomas Bracy, 


4 


12 


No. 


15 


John Field, 


18 


16 


No. 


16, 


Stephen Jennings, 


13 


.9 


No. 


17. 


Town lot, 


6 


8 


No. 


i8, 


John Smith's heirs, 


5 


2 


No. 


19 


Walter Hixon, 


7 


2 


No. 


20 


Widow Graves, 


ID 


I 


No. 


21 


Benjamin Barrett, 


4 


^5 


No. 


22 


Samuel Foote, 


II 


r 






A highway, 


10 


— 


No. 


23 


, William Gull, 


25 


5 


No. 


24 


Thomas Meekins, 


12 


3 


No. 


25. 


Samuel Wells, 


9 


5 


No. 


26 


Samuel Belding, Jr., 


26 


7 


No. 


27 


Daniel White, 


23 


— 


No. 


28 


John Cowles, 


34 


3 


No. 


29 


Daniel Belding, Sr., 


13 


2 


No. 


30 


Samuel Dickinson, 


29 


II 


No. 


31 


John Hubbard, 


15 


12 


No. 


32 


, Robert Bardwell, 


9 


6 


No. 


33 


Martin Kellogg, 


5 


.7 


No. 


34 


, Rev. Hope Atherton's heirs. 


12 


12 


No. 


35 


, Thomas Loomis, 


7 


6 


No. 


36 


, Mr. Chauncey, 


5 


7 


No. 


37 


Stephen Belding, 


13 


II 


No. 


38 


, Noah Wells, 


7 


2 


No. 


39 


Thomas Hastings, 


8 


10 


No. 


40 


, Samuel Graves, Jr., 


8 


5 



50 







rods 


feet 


No. 41, Joseph Belknap, 


22 


II 


No. 42 


Joseph Field, 


8 


8 


No. 43 


Philip Russell, 


12 


I 


No. 44 


Thomas Meekins, Jr., 


7 


5 


No. 45 


John A His, 


44 


4 


No. 46 


Hezekiah Dickinson, 


9 


4 


No. 47 


Isaac Graves, 


13 


5 


No. 48 


John Steel, 


5 


4 


No. 49 


Stephen Tailor, 


4 


6 


No. 50 


Samuel Partridge, 


9 


3 


No. 51 


Daniel Warner, 


34 


3 


No. 52 


Samuel Gillett's heirs, 


5 


2 


No. 53 


Samuel Allis, 


17 


9 


No. 54 


Thomas Wells, with Noah Wells 






No. 55 


Samuel Marsh, 


9 


I 


No. 56 


John Wells, 


23 


3 


No. 57 


Samuel Field, 


10 


3 


No. 58 


William Arms, 


12 


2 


No. 59 


Samuel Belding, 


29 


3 


No. 60 


Samuel Kellogg, 


14 


5 


No. 61 


Samuel Gunn, 


5 


2 


No. 62 


Edward Church, 


23 


2 


No. 63 


Benjamin Hastings, 


9 


4 


No. 64 


Widow Fellows, 


10 


15 


No. 65 


Richard Morton,' 


26 


5 


No. 66 


Nathaniel Dickinson, Jr., 


9 


I 


No. 67 


John Coleman, 


34 


II 


No. 68 


Samuel Billings' heirs. 


II 


— 


No. 69 


, Benjamin Wait, 


18 


9 


No. 70 


, an overplus of about 


6 





1281 6 

Ending with ye uppermost lot laid out in Mill River swamp. 
These lots were laid out east and west bounded by Mill swamp 
lots highway east, and on the end of the six miles from Great 
River west. 

Nine last lots of this third division are in Whately, 147 rods, 
16 feet Tsdde in all. 

The fourth division of Commons, laid out 29 April, 17 16. 

This division is bounded east by Chestnut Plain street, 
north by Deerfield and Conway, west by the west town line and 
south by the third division. 



51 









rods 


feet 


inche 


No. 


I, 


Joseph Field, 


9 


9 





No. 


2, 


Widow Graves, 


9 


15 


3 


No. 


3. 


Samuel Foote. 


1 1 


7 


— 


No. 


4, 


William Arms, 


7 


12 


9 


No. 


5-. 


Stephen Belding, 


13 


3 


— 


No. 


6. 


Robert Bardwell, 


9 


6 


— 


No. 


7. 


Samuel Allis, 


19 




6 


No. 


8, 


Samuel Dickinson, 


29 




— 


No. 


9. 


Rev. H.Atherton's heirs 


, 9 


15 


— 


No. 


lO. 


John Coleman, 


32 


3 


6 


No. 


II, 


Hezekiah Dickinson, 


8 


13 


— 


No. 


12, 


Samuel Wells, 


9 


6 


— 


No. 


13. 


David White, 


29 


— 


— 


No. 


14, 


John Smith's heirs. 


4 


I 


6 


No. 


15. 


John Field, 


12 


5 


— 


No. 


16. 


Widow Fellows, 


II 


II 


4 


No. 


17. 


John Steel, 


5 


8 


10 


No. 


18, 


Edward Church, 


25 


8 


— 


No. 


19. 


Nathaniel Dickinson, Sr. 


,21 


16 




No. 


20, 


Daniel Warner, 


20 


12 


3 


No. 


21, 


Eleazer Frary, 


14 


5 


4 


No. 


22, 


Samuel Gailor, 


'-»o 


14 




No. 


23. 


John Cowles, 


32 


8 


6 


No. 


24, 


William King, 


5 


8 


10 


No. 


25, 


Samuel Gillett's heirs, 


5 


II 


6 


No. 


26, 


John Hubbard, • 


9 


14 


6 






A highway. 


9 


— 


— 


No. 


27, 


John White, 


8 


15 


7 


No. 


28, 


Samuel Belding, Jr., 


15 


16 


I 


No. 


29. 


Samuel Field, 


1 1 


2 


— 


No. 


30. 


Samuel Belding, Sr., 


28 


13 


4 


No. 


31. 


Ephraim Beers, 


7 




6 


No. 


32, 


Daniel Belding, 


12 


14 


6 


No. 


33. 


William Gull, 


25 


12 


4 


No. 


34, 


Samuel Carter, 


4 


10 


ID 


No. 


35. 


Stephen Tailor's heirs. 


3 


2 


7 


No. 


36. 


Thomas Wells, with Noa 


h. 






No. 


37. 


Samuel Partridge, 


9 


1 1 


— 


No. 


38, 


Thomas Lnomis, 


9 


16 


2 


No. 


39. 


Samuel Kellogg, 


16 


3 


II 


No. 


40 


, Obadiah Dickinson, 


8 


II 


— 



52 



No. 
No. 
No. 
No. 
No. 
No. 
No. 
No. 
No. 
No. 
No. 
No. 
No. 
No. 
No. 
No. 
No. 
No. 
No. 
No. 
No. 
No. 
No. 
No. 
No. 
No. 
No. 
No. 
No. 



41 
42 

43 
44 
45 
46 

47 
4S 

49 

^o 

v./ 

5t 

52 

53 

54 

55 

56 

57 

58 

59 
60 

61 

62 

63 
64 

65 
66 

67 
68 

69 



roil 3 

Thos. Meekins, Sr.'s hr's, 13 

Richard Morton, 28 

Mr. Chauncey, 7 

Robert Page, 4 

John Allis, ' 45 

Samuel Gunn, 5 

Samuel Graves, Sr., 8 

Martin Kellogg, 5 

Thomas Meekins' heirs, 7 

Isaac Graves, 13 

Benjamin Barrett, 4 

Thomas Bracy, 5 

Town lot, 7 

Benjamin Hastings, 9 

Samuel Graves, Jr., 7 

Joseph Boardman, 5 

Samuel Billings' heirs, 7 

John Graves, 9 

Joseph Belknap, 22 

Samuel Marsh, 10 

I'hilip Russell, . 19 

Noah Wells, 4 

Thomas Hastings, 8 

Walter Hixon, 8 

Stephen Jennings, 6 

Benjamin Wait, 20 
Nathaniel Dickinson, Jr., 6 

JohnWells, 23 

William Scott, 13 



feet 
2 



10 

14 

8 

15 
8 

1 1 
6 

4 
6 

I I 

15 
8 
6 

3 
14 
4 
5 
9 

13 
6 

2 
3 

5 
12 

3 



lnche» 



6 
10 
10 
10 

7 

10 
I 
8 
6 
6 



10 
1 1 

5 

6 
I 



6 

10 



887 1 .3 

It is proper to say that the lot left for a highway between 
lots 26 and 27 was never used for that purpose. This would 
have made the road west between the houses of Horace Man- 
ning and Donovan brothers, while it actually was built near 
the house of W. I. Fox, but later changed to south of the pres- 
ent hotel and the Doctor Bardwell house to accommodate Elijah 
Allis at the time he built the hotel in 1820, the town assent- 
ing thereto. 

Perhaps in this connection it will be proper to say that 
the method of division of the Commons was upon the estates as 



53 

inventoried by the assessors. The following schedule will show 
the difference in a few of the valuations : Ichabod Allis, 132^, 
7s; while Josiah Scott, 25^, iSs; Joseph Scott, 28/^; Benjamin 
Scott, b£ and David Graves, 23^", 4s, 6d. So the large inven- 
tor}' received a wide piece of land, while the small tax payer 
but a nap'ow one. The same method of division was used in 
the dividing of the three-mile addition, now a part of Williams- 
burg, and also in the division of the S064 acres, known as the 
Hatfield Equivalent (the eastern part of Hawley). The three- 
mile addition was granted by the General Court in 1695 and 
allotted to the inhabitants in 1740. The Hatfield Equivalent 
was granted and the allotment made in 1744, on the basis of 
estates. The man of large estate received a large area, while 
the man of small estate received but a small amount of it. As 
the history of Hawley says: "\'erily, to him that hath shall be 
given, and to 'him that hath not shall be taken away even that 
which he hath." The lots were from two to four miles in length, 
over hills and swamps and arable lands, but perhaps not over 
five or six rods wide, wholly unsuited for a farm, while the 
wealthy man, like Mr. Allis, had a strip 293 rods wide and 
three miles long, making over 1500 acres. 

Among the Whately inhabitants I find the names of John 
Waite, Abner Dickinson, David Graves, Josiah Scott, Josiah 
Scott, Jr., Joseph Scott, Benjamin Scott, Elisha Smith, Joseph 
Belden, Ebenezer Bardwell, who were among the number who 
had lands in the three-mile addition and Hatfield Equivalent. 

It will be noticed that allusion is often made to the Mill 
swamp division. This was a meadow on both sides of Mill riv- 
er, varying in width from 40 to about 55 rods. These lots were 
divided among Hatfield residents, only three or four of them lying 
in Whately. The north lot is now owned by Rufus M. Swift, east 
of Mill river, and on the west side by Ashley G. Dickinson. 

It was intended that the north line of the Mill swamp divi- 
sion should be coincident with the south line of the second divi- 
sion of Commons. There is really only about 15 feet of differ- 
ence. The Mill swamp line is about that much too far north to 
exactly correspond. The lines in the second division run at a 
different point of compass than those in the Gov. Bradstreet grant. 
so when the lots extended past the Gov. Bradstreet grant to the 
Connecticut river there were several lots from 15 to 20 rods wide 
on the bank of the river that were gores, running to points 
before reaching 250 rods, the width of the Bradstreet farm. 



54 

Each lot was reduced in width about two feet to the rod, at 
the we<t end' of the second division of Commons, so each lot is 
wedging, and we here gi\'e the per cent, of increase in width 
from Chestnut Plain street to the Connecticut river, for each 
half mile. 

The width on Chestnut Plain street is SS6 rods, 7 feet, 4 
inches, or in decimals 8S6.4394 rods. 

First half mile, 917.7250 rods. 

Second half mile, 94.7. 6S23 rods. 

Third haif mile, " 979.4722 rods. 

Fourth half mile, loi i .2054 rods. 

Increase in all for the second division, 124.7660 rods. 
The Major Gen. Dennison grant and the Gov. Simon Brad- 
street grant demand considerable of our attention. In 1659 a 
erant was made to Gov. Bradstreet of 500 acres, to be located 
by him by some unoccupied lands on the west side of the Con- 
necticut river. Gov. Bradstreet had the first choice, and took 
500 acres in Hatfield noith meadow, and Maj. Dennisou took 
his 500 acres north of Bashan. This last extended from one 
rod in Hatfield pond north on the line of the river one mile, 
and west from the Connecticut river, 250 rods. 

After much agitation over Gov. Bradstreet's location, the 
town exchanged with him, allowing him 1000 acres lying aijd 
abutting upon the Maj. Dennison farm, and extending north on 
the line of the Connecticut river two miles, with the width of 
250 rods west from the river. This brought the whole of the 
Bradstreet grant into Whately. In addition to the increased 
amount of land, the town had to pay Gov. Bradstreet 200 pounds 
sterling. Gov. Bradstreet died in 1697 and after his death 
Edward Church, Robert Bard well and Samuel Partridge were 
among the syndicate who purchased the farm of his heirs. It 
is probable that there was a company of 10 interested in the 
purchase, as I find that Samuel Partridge, Jr., sold to John 
Belden of Hatfield his interest (i-io) one-tenth part of the Gov, 
Bradstreet farm. The deed bears date of 1 1 Jan., 170^2, really 
1702, and conveys his right, viz.: one lot in each of the four 
divisions ; two lots in the north, or upper mile, containing 50 
acres; the two lots in the southern mile, containing 14 acres, 
lying east of the highway, as agreed upon by the proprietors, 
the remaining 36 acres lying west of. the said highway, and as 
yet undivided, to be divided as the proprietors may ag-ree. 



55 

The boundaries then were as follows: The first half mile, 
south on the Maj. Dennison farm, north on land of Robert Bard- 
well, east on Connecticut river and west on the highway ; the 
second half mile bounded south on land of Robert Bardwell (he 
owned the north lot in the first half mile and south in the sec- 
ond half mile), east on Great river, west on the highway and 
north on the south lot in third half mile ; the third half mile 
bounded east on Great river, west on second division of Com- 
mons, south on Dea. Church land and north on Robert Bard- 
well land ; the fourth half mile, east on Great river, west on 
Hatfield woodlands, or second division of Commons, south on 
Robert Bardwell land and north on Dea. Church land and sec- 
ond division of Commons. 

Speculation in land was active and the owners were often 
changed, and the names we give as the owners in 1719 were 
soon entirely changed as settlements in the north part of Hat- 
field progressed. 

The proprietors of the Dennison and Bradstreet grants were 
finally found acting together in holding their meetings and in 
keeping their records. And having made copious extracts from 
their book of records, and realizing the importance from a 
historical point of view, I will now make some extracts from my 
notes. 

In 1S83 I helped survey out the Bradstreet farm, measuring 
carefully from south to the north side and from the Connecticut 
river west on three points, and found it slightly in excess of 
250 rods, perhaps the slight curving in the river bank would 
account for that, yet at each place measured it was slightly in 
advance of 250 rods. We will give an extract from the deed of 
Josiah Scott, Sr., who owned the uppermost lot, to hisson, Josiah, 
Jr., and he givesthe boundaries thus : "Weston second division 
of Commons, east on Great river, south on land of Dea. Dickin- 
son and north on the second division of Commons, containing 
37^4 acres, 24 rods wide, 250 rods long east and west on which 
I now live, with the buildings thereon, d^ted 6 Nov., 1745." 

Mr. Scott was then 84 years old and was in his old age 
cared for by Josiah, Jr. But he had formerly lived in the Straits, 
on the place owned by the heirs of Charles F. Pease, as will 
appear from these votes passed by the proprietors of the Brad- 
street farm. "At a legal meeting 16 May, 1718, voted by said 
proprietors to allow a highway to run from the upper end of the 
first (or lower mile) mile, three rods wide to Deerfield road." 



56 

This language is plain and explicit. • The upper end of the 
first mile was near the paint miJl of Elihu Beldcn, the site, of 
Belden's sawmill. This road was afterward moved to accommo- 
date Mr. Scott, asshownbvthe following vote ; "\'oted, 1 1 May, 
1730, by the proprietors of Bradstreet farm. That they allow 
Josiah Scott, Sr., the use and pre-improvement of the highway 
to the country road, Josiah Scott, Sr., binds himself and his 
heirs to said proprietors, that he will allow them a good 'sofish- 
ant' highway from time to time, and at all times, for the use and 
benefit, and also to provide and maintain a 'sofishant' great 
gate, to lead out to Dt^erfield road." This allowed Mr. Scott to 
move the road south where the hill was less difficult. 

At the meeting held 16 May, 171S, it was also voted by said 
proprietors "That we will have a highway to run through the 
upper mile in the most convenient place." And now we find 
that Josiah Scott and Ebenezer Bardwell were appointed to 
make and set up great gates, convenient for carts to pass 
through. Then the proprietors voted: "The said Scott shall 
set his up between the lower and upper farm (doubtless mean- 
ing between the upper and lower mile), and Ebenezer Bardwell 
shall set his up at the upper end of the two miles." 

Then they voted to complete the fencing of the lower mile. 
This was passed by vote of Nov. 27, 172 1, and was to be suf- 
ficient to secure the first or lower mile and, when completed, 
the fence between the lower mile and the Dennison farm could 
be removed. And they had a fence at the upper end of the two 
miles, as they voted March 29, 1726, to maintain their propor- 
tion of the fence between said farm and Canterbury field and 
that tbey in fact took turns in fencing down the river banks. 

We have sought to show by these extracts that a road 
existed through the Bradstreet farm two miles, connecting it 
with Canterbury road to Sunderland, and was practically where 
it now runs. And also that houses were built in the Straits 
sooner by some years than has been generally supposed. To 
further elucidate this last point, I will quote from a deed dated 
17 Jan., 1728, from Samuel Wells to Nathaniel Coleman, two 
lots in Bradstreet's grant, both of Hatfield. After describing 
the boundaries it says: "With all the buildings standing 
thereon." These buildings sold by Samuel Wells probably had 
been the home of Mr. Wells soon after his marriage, about 1710. 
He removed to Connecticut a few 3'ears later. 

It seems very probable that these buildings were occupied 



57 

before 1720, as houses were built at an early date on the Den- 
nison farm. It is perhaps proper to say that a syndicate of seven 
Hatfield men bought the 500 acre Dennison farm about 1700, 
perhaps a little earlier. These were John Field, Joseph Field, 
Robert Bardwell, William Arms, Samuel Field, Samuel Gunn 
and Andrew Warner. 

They laid it out in seven divisions. Each proprietor was 
given a lot in each of the divisions from five to 16 acres and 19 
poles. They also had in the second division, seven house lots 
with roads or streets through the center, on the east side and the 
north side. There were four house lots on the east portion and 
three on the west. The west lots were assigned to Robert 
Bardwell, Samuel Field and Joseph Field. The four east ones 
were to S. Jennings, Samuel Gunn, William Arms and Daniel 
Warner. 

Just how many of these house lots had farm buildings erect- 
ed upon them I do not know, but several of them did as within 
my recollection the old cellar holes and debris of demolished 
buildings remained in plain view, but repeated plowings have 
wiped out all remains of the cellars. It was and is valuable 
farm land and found ready purchasers. 

Even before the house lots were assigned we find that John 
Field had sold to Stephen Jennings. Later David Graves was 
found here and perhaps his brother, Abraham Graves. The 
settlement was compact, as our ancestors well knew that in case 
of Indian wars, isolated dwellings were sure to be pillaged and 
burned and the occupants murdered or dragged into a terrible 
captivity. 

As it was they were often fired upon by the bands of ma- 
rauding Indians and many a bullet hole was made in the board 
covering to their buildings — some pieces of boards were pre- 
served for a long time —and the writer was shown one fully 
75 years ago as taken from the buildings of his great-grand- 
father, David Graves. 

The people of the present day have but a slight idea of the 
troublous times when at any moment they might be called upon 
to defend their wives a^nd little ones from the assaults of prowl- 
ing Indians, aside from attacks of wild animals. 

Names of the proprietors of Bradstreet grant, [719. 



First, or lower half mile. 
No.' I, Samuel Gunn. 
No. 2, Joseph Smith. 
No. 3, Ebenezer Bardwell. 



Second half mile. 
No. I, John Waite. 
No. 2, Ebenezer Morton, 
No. 3, Joseph Smith. 



58 



No. 


4. 


Samuel Belden. 


No. 


5 


John Belden. 


No. 


6 


John Crafts. 


No. 


7^ 


Josiah Scott. 


No. 


8, 


John Waite. 


No. 


9. 


Ebenezer Morton. 


No. 


lO, 


Nathaniel Coleman 


No. 


1 1, 


Thomas Field. 


No. 


12, 


Jonathan Smith, 


No. 


13- 


Zachariah Field. 




Third half mile. 


No. 


I, 


Jonathan Cowles. 


No. 


2 


Zachariah Field. 


No. 


3' 


Joseph Smith. 


No. 


4. 


John Crafts. 


No. 


5, 


John White. 


No. 


6, 


John Smith. 


No. 


/ » 


Ebenezer Morton. 


No. 


8, 


John Waite. 


No. 


9. 


Nathaniel Croleman 


No. 


lO, 


Samuel Belding. 


No. 


1 1, 


John Belding. 


No. 


12, 


Ebenezer Bardwell. 



No. 4, Thomas Field. 
^'^- 5. John Crafts. 
No. 6, Zachariah Field. 
No. 7, Jonathan Smith. 
No. 8, Josiah Scott. 
No. 9, Nathaniel Coleman. 
No. lo, Samuel Gunn. 
No. 1 1 , John Belden. 
No. 12, Ebenezer Bardwell. 
No. 13, Samuel Belden. 

Fourth half mile. 

No. I, Ebenezer Bardwell. 
No. 2, John Belding. 
No. 3, Samuel Belding. 
No. 4, Nathaniel Coleman, 
No. 5, John Waite. 
No. 6, Ebenezer Morton. 
No. 7, Jonathan Smith. 
No. 8, John White. 
No. 9, John Crafts. 
No. 10, Joseph Smith. 
No. II, Zachariah Field. 
No. 12. Josiah Scott. 

It now appears satisfactorily that the town of W^hately was 
constituted, or made up, from the whole of the second and 
fourth divisions of Hatfield Commons or Woodlands, as they 
were often called, together with nine lots from the north side of 
the first and third divisions. 

The nine lots in the first division were 146 rods, i foot and 
I inch wide ; and the nine lots in the third division measured 
147 rods, 16 feet wide, as measured on Chestnut Plain street, 
which was the dividing line between the divisions. On the 
west end it measured in all 1025 rods, i foot and 5 inches, while 
at the east end on the Connecticut river, including the Gov. 
Bradstreet grant two miles up the river, it measured ii57rods, 
4 feet and 11 inches, or about 1243^ rods on the east end more 
than on the west end, and the same diminishing of width con- 
tinued in the fourth division, making all the lots wedging, 
while in the first and third divisions no such discrepancy appears. 

The importance of retaining the numbers of the lots will 
appear when we say that most of the old deeds are for such a lot 
of land in such a division in the first, second, third or fourth 
half mile, as the land conveyed might lay. 

Roads. — The location of the public (in distinction from the 
proprietors') roads properly deserves attention in connection with 



59 

the division of Commons, as both were parts of a common plan. 
Taken together the system devised was at once simple and con- 
venient, ofivino: each land owner the readiest access to his several 
lots. The general plan was roads running nearly parallel with 
the river, at about a mile distant from each other, intersected at 
nearly right angles by cross roads at convenient distances. All 
these highways were originally lo rods wide. 

The "base line" of all the roads was the "Straits." which 
followed nearly the Indian trail from Umpanchala's Fort to 
Pocumtuck. This was practically the dividing line between 
the meadows on the one hand and the Commons on the other. 
It was very early accepted as a county road. 

The next in importance, if not in time, was the read over 
Chestnut plain. When the Commons were first marked off into 
two parallel divisions in 16S4 a space ten rods wide was left 
between them unappropriated, to be used when occasion should 
require. This is recognized as a road in the records of April, 
1716. The vote of the town laying a public highway here bears 
date 1756. though several houses had been built on the line some 
years earlier. And, w^hat is worthy of note, this highway was 
not surveyed and definitely located till it was done by Whately 
in May, 1776. 

Probably the Poplar hill road, the road from Spruce hill 
south over Chestnut mountain, and the Claverack road, were 
designated early, but no vote laying them out as highways has 
been found on Hatfield records. The highway from Deerfield 
line by Abraham Parker's (previously a "close road," with 
bars), to the Bradstreet proprietors' highway, near R. T. Mor- 
ton's corner, was laid out in 1756 and, at the same time, the 
said proprietors' highway was accepted as a public road. 

This ran originally south of the cemetery and struck the 
Straits below the John Waite place. In 1755 a road w^as laid 
from the Straits eastwardly "byEbenezer Morton's" to the road 
dividing Old farms and West farms, thence to Dennison's farm. 
Considerably earlier than this a path had been marked out and 
traveled from the Straits, near "Mother George," northwesterly 
through "Egypt," to Chestnut plain. This had several 
branches, one of which was the Conwpiy path, used by the emi- 
grants from the Cape, in 1763. This was the only feasible road 
for teams between the east part and the centre of Whately till 
near the time of its incorporation. The road now kno\v'n as 
Christian Lane was originally a reserved lot in the second divi- 



6o 

sion of Commons and was only a bridlepath, or at best a log 
causeway, for many years. 

Private roads — or proprietors' highways — all of which had 
bars or gates, were laid when needed. Such was the path from 
Hatfield street to Great meadows, and later to Bashan, and later 
still continued northerly through Dennison farm by the "Old 
Orchard." Such, also, was the road from the county road near 
"Mother George" and "Hopewell" and another, further north, 
from Benjamin Scott's to near Joshua Belden's. 

But to return to our narrative. The tide of settlement 
which started northward into Bashan in 16S2, was arrested by 
the breaking out of King William's war in 16SS. Taught by 
past experience the Hatfield settlers had not neglected prepara- 
tions for a possible renewal of hostilities. They had extended 
the lines of palisades so that they reached two hundred and 
twent3'-nine rods on one side and two hundred and forty-six 
rods on the other, enclosing the greater part of the village. 
The house of Mr. Williams was fortified, as were three houses 
on the Hill and one at the farms. "Watches" were set at night 
and "warders," or day watches, were employed from May i.st to 
the time of "The fall of the leaves," the Indians, as a rule mak- 
ing their attacks while the leaves were on the trees, for better 
concealment, or in the dead of winter. A guard was always 
stationed in or near the meeting-house upon Lord's days and 
lecture days and public meeting da^'s. 

All males from sixteen to sixty, except those exempted by 
law, were required to train four days in a year. But now for a 
time stricter watches, and wards and almost daily scoutings were 
kept up and, though there were no important battles in the 
neighborhood, small skulking parties of Indians kept the people 
on the alert. As early as 1687, Hatfield had a full militia com- 
pany of sixty-four men. John Allis was the first captain. In 
1690, Hatfield had eighty soldiers. 

To understand the care and cost of these military precau- 
tions it may be stated that at this time the pay of a private sol- 
dier was six shillings per week ; drummer and corporal, seven 
shillings; clerk and sergeant, nine shillings ; ensign, twelve shil- 
lings; lieutenant, fifteen shillings; captain, thirty shillings; the 
pay of mounted men, and most of the scouting was performed 
by troopers, was twenty-five per cent, higher. For subsistence, 
the price of board for soldiers on the march was eight pence per 
day, soldiers in garrison, three shillings and six pence per 



6i 

week. Many were billeted in families and fared the same as 
their hosts. The ordinary rations were pork or beef, bread or 
dry biscuit and peas. When on expeditions they often carried 
the Indian food called Nocake, i. e., Indian corn parched and 
beaten into meal. Sometimes rum, sugar, pipes and tobacco 
were furnished the troops. When horses were fed at grass the 
price per full day was three pence ; at hay and provender, six 
pence. 

Sept. 1 6, 1696, the Indians came suddenly upon Deerfield 
village and took Daniel Belding and two children, Nathaniel and 
Esther. They killed El'zabeth, his wife, also three children, 
Daniel, John and Thankful, and wounded Samuel and Abigail 
who recovered, though Samuel's skull was fractured. The 
remaining children hid among some tobacco which had been 
hung to dry in the attic, and were not discovered. 

The middle of July, 1698, four Indians came into the upper 
part of North Meadow, where men and boys were hilling corn, 
and killed John Billings, aged twenty-four, and Nathaniel Dick- 
inson, Jr., thirteen, and took Samuel Dickinson, aged eleven, 
and a lad named Charley. They shot at Nathaniel Dickinson, 
Sr., and killed his horse, but he escaped. This war lasted ten 
years. 

Taxes. — The burden of taxation, on account of the Indian 
wars, was heavy on the young settlement. The "Country 
rates," nearly the same as our state taxes, assessed on the. 
estates and polls of Hatfield for the three years, 1675-6-7, 
amounted to ^117. In 1692 this tax was ^184. A part of this 
was payable in grain and part was a money tax. The latter 
was regarded as especially severe for, according to a statement 
in a petition sent to the government, "Not one in ten of the 
inhabitants df the county have any income of money in any 
manner." In a like petition, Hatfield said "Money is not to be 
had here." In one or two instances the Court agreed to com- 
pound the money rates by receiving "Corn at two-thirds the 
country pay prices." Sometimes a respite or abatement was 
granted. "In ans' to them of Hattfeild. it is ordered, that the 
rates of those of that toune who have bin impoverished by the 
late cruelty of the innemy burning doune their habitations, shall 
be respitted and left in their hands untill the Court shall give 
further order therein." [Colony Rec, 30 Oct., 1677]. 

A single "country rate" was aa assessment of one shilling 
and eight pence on males over sixteen years old and one penny 



62 

per pound on real and personal estate. Once only a tax was 
levied on females. In June. 1695, it was ordered that single, 
women who earn a livelihood should pay two shillings each, be- 
ing one-half as much as the poll tax of males for that year. 

The prices at which "country- pay" was receivable for taxes 
were from time to time fixed by law. Oct. 15. 1650. "Itt is 
ordered by this Courte that all sortes of corn shall be paid into 
the country rate at these prizes following, viz.: Wheate and bar- 
ley at five shillings pr. bushell : rye and pease at four shillings; 
Indian, at three shillings, marchantable." 

The payment of the Province tax of Hatfield in time of war 
required no transportation. This being a frontier town, sol- 
diers were constantly quartered upon the inhabitants who were 
expected to charge the stipulated price for subsistence, etc., and 
this amounted to a much larger sum than the town tax. The 
charges allowed Hatfield, up to May i, 1676, for feeding men 
and horses and supplies for various expeditions, footed up £788. 
In October, 1680, there was still due the town on these war 
charges ;^400. This was fully paid by the Govemm-ent before 
1684. 

Besides the country' rate there was a county rate, payable 
like the former, and at the same prices, in grain; the minister's 
rate, payable in grain at town prices (which were lower than 
country- prices) ; the town rate to discharge town debts ; and 
various others of special character, such as scholars' rates, herds- 
men's and shepherds' rates, bridge rates, etc. When a rate was 
duly assessed by the rate-makers the list and the whole matter 
of adjustment was put in the hands of the constable who settled 
with each individual and carried the balance (of grain) due to 
whomsoever was entitled to receive it. 

To show how accounts with the town were balanced some 
examples, copied from the constable's book, are subjoined; 

Hatfield, January 20, 1695. 
Ensign Frary 

To goeing to ye Bay deputy 29 days 
ditto, goeing to ye Bay 10 days at 3s 
ditto, goeing to ye Bay 20 days at 3s 
more writeings at money 
To keeping ye Bull one winter | 
To Assessing 3 days at 2-9 j 



By his Money Rate 



4 


07 





I 


10 





3 


00 








08 





I 


05 


6 


/lO 


10 


6 





04 


II 



«i3 

6y his Corne Rate 

By Dea. Church 3-1 1 : Wid. Russell pay 2-6 

By Rich. Morton 11-9 

By Noah Wells 13-7: pd. in money ^3 5 

By John Wells 6-2 ; Wid. Warner 3-9 | 

By money paid him at ^i 49 ) 

By money paid him at 

By payment by Sergt. Belding 

By Stephen Belding, Constable 






08 


3 





06 


5 





II 


9 


3 


18 


10 


I 


14 


8 


I 


08 





I 


00 


3 





17 


5 



/lO 10 



Thomas Nash 

To bnrneing woods 2 days 4s 

To goeing out with ye Committee 1-6 

By his Come Rate 3-8 : Sam'l Partrigg i-io 

Deacon Coleman 

To assessing 4. days los : allow' ce for trooper 4d £0 
By Noah a trooper 4d : Part of Town Rate los o 

Samuel Graves, Drummer, 

To his Saller\' for 1695 £1 ; Sam'l Partrigg 

, for Mr. Williams 
By his Corn Rate 4-4 ; Isaac Graves 7s 
By his Money Rate 2-7 : Sergt Belding 6-7 



lo 


05 


6 


£0 


05 


6 


£0 


10 


4 





10 


4 


£r 


00 


6 





I r 


4 





9 


2 



£1 00 



Doctor Hastings 

To make up his Salary ^12 18 6 ; one 

Trooper 3d 
By Sergeant Hubbirt 
By D. Church 2-9 ; B. Hastings 2-9 
By Dea. Coleman 2-5 ; Doctor's Rate 2-6 
By Joseph Field 3-1 1 ; Stephen Taylor 1-9 
By Sam. Billing 5.6 ; D. Coleman 3-8 
By Sergt. Wait 6-11 ; Jona. Smith 6-2 
By Jno. Cowls i8s ; N. Wells 6-2, Lt. Wait 2- 
By S. Kellogg, Jr., 2-11 ; Wm. Gull 3-10 
By Nath. Foote 2-1 ; Jno. Field 13-9 
Bypd. to ye Doctor by several 
By pd. to ye Doctor by several 



12 


18 


9 





08 








05 


6 





04 


1 1 





05 


8 





09 


2 





13 


I 


I 


07 


3 





06 


9 





15 


10 


4 


16 


2 


3 


06 


5 



£12 18 



CHAPTER V. 

SETTLEMENT OF THE NORTH PART OF HATFIELD. 

One reason why the north part of Hatfield remained so long 
unsettled is already apparent. The Whately plains, Mill-river 
swamp and Hopewell were favorite hunting grounds for the 
Indians. Bears, deer and wild turkeys, as well as smaller 
game, were plenty, and fur-bearing animals abounded in the 
brooks. Both deer and bears were found here till 1750, and 
wild turkeys were not uncommon in 1S25. Till 1697, eight or 
ten families of red men, known as Albany Indians, but perhaps 
a mixed remnant of the Norwottucks, continued to come yearly 
to Hopewell and, in one or two instances, they remained through 
the winter. One of their camping grounds was on land now owned 
by Stephen Belden, Esq. They roamed the woods at will and 
often came to the village to beg or barter. They were com- 
monly considered peaceful though they were distrusted and 
sometimes watched. 

Two years before, in 1695, a party of these Indians, while 
hunting near Ashuelot, were attacked and eight or nine of them 
killed. The English charged the assault upon hostile Indians, 
but the tribe charged it upon the English. From this date, these 
visitors became more unwelcome and some restrictive measures 
were adopted. The number of Indians in the Hopewell camp 
at this time was twelve men, nine squaws and twenty-three 
children. Early in October, 1696, four of them, while on a 
hunting excursion on the east side of the river, shot Richard 
Church out of revenge for some real or supposed insult received 
from Hadley men. The murderers were tracked, captured, 



"55 

identified, tried, convicted and sentenced, and two of them, 
Mowenas and Mcqiirlas, were "shot to dtath" at Northampton. 
This murder led to the disarming of all the Indians then resident 
in the immediate neighborhood and to such stringent measures 
as induced them to quit the valley the t.ext spring. 

Another reason which had an influence to discourage settle- 
ment here was that plain lands, such as the tract lying next 
west of the river bottoms, were considered worthless for all pur- 
poses except for wood and pasturage. 

But another, and of itself a sufficient reason, was that Hat- 
field did not own the intervals north of Bashan, except a narrow 
strip near the Deerfield line. The Indian deed covered the 
whole territory, but this conveyed a doubtful title as against the 
right of eminent domain vested in the Government, and in the 
act of incorporation there was the condition "Reserving propri- 
eties formerly granted to any person." 

For the first forty years the Colonial Government was accus- 
tomed to give away lands in large tracts to individuals of high 
civil and ecclesiastical rank, often as an acknowledgment of, 
rather than in payment for, services rendered the Colony, though 
in some cases it was in settlement of claims. These individual 
grants were often made arbitrarily, with little regard to town 
lines, or even existing town grants. Sometimes the General 
Court made grants, leaving the location optional to the grantee. 
Hence a clause was usually inserted in township grants "Reserv- 
ing proprieties formerly granted to any person." Most com- 
monly the grantee had a choice in the selection and commonly 
chose the most valuable lands. 

As an instance of the careless way in which the General 
Court disposed of territory the following may be cited : A grant 
of eight thousand acres was made to Dedham in 1665, and laid 
out at Pocumtuck. But when Hatfield was incorporat'id, five 
years later, its north line was placed "Six miles from Northamp- 
ton north line," to conform to the line specified in the Indian 
deed, which carried said line over into the eight thousand acre 
grant one and three-quarters miles. The duplication was of 
course unintentional, and was remedied by granting the Dedham 
proprietors an equivalent lying northwardly of their first sur- 
veyed grant. 

Settlements. — Mr. Temple gives several reasons why 
Whately was not earlier settled. We deem one or two reasons, 
not mentioned by him, as more potent than those enumerated. 



66 

First. The population of Hatfield had not become suf- 
ficiently numerous to compel, or even induce, the sparse popula- 
tion to leave their pleasant homes, where each additional man 
served to add to the feeling of securit> — that could not be found 
by isolation. Roaming bands of Indians were liable to attack any 
weak or comparatively defenceless position or habitation, even 
as late as 1745, and so in the war at a later period, 1750 to 1761, 
when we finally captured Canada. 

It will be noticed that from the commencement of this war 
our forces acted upon the defensive. In 1761 we finally stopped 
the incursion of Indian marauders by capturing Canada. Our 
forces commenced acting on the aggressive early in that war. 
It had been a time of general peace fiom 1726 to King George's 
war in 1744. During the time of peace settlements had been 
made in the Straits, which Mr. Temple considered worthless 
except for wood and pasturage. Then Hatfield did not own the 
meadows north of Bashan, not as a town, yet Hatfield people 
did, having purchased the Denuison and Bradstreet grants. So 
it will be seen his reasons assigned are fallacious. 

Second. The Commons comprising the whole town of 
Whately were outlying lands. These were cut into narrow strips 
extending from tn? and one-half miles to two or three and a 
half long, some of them were not over four or five rods. Forty- 
nine of the sixty-seven lots in each division were less than 15 rods 
wide with several less than five rods. Now, while these lots 
were held by persons to whom they were granted, the idea of 
settling on the lot for the purpose of making a farm was practi- 
cally out of the question. As soon as these lots began to be 
sold off, we find that settlements were made. But you can but 
notice that after the capture of Canada, and Safety was assured, 
settlers came in with rapidity and in a short space of time, only 
about ten years later, the settlement was incorporated as a dis- 
tinct town. 

As an illustration of the method taken to acquit a farm 
suitably compact to warrant a location and the erection of suita- 
ble tarm buildings, we will give a few examples. Deacon Joel 
Dickinson bought a part of lots on the west end, extending east 
one-half mile, Nos. 29, 30, 31, 32 and 33, giving him a 
width of a little over 53 rods, or a farm of 53 acres. Benoni 
Crafts bought on the east side of the road, in the second divi- 
sion, lots 57, 58, 59, 60 and 61, extending east half of a mile, 
giving a width of some over 53 rods. Here were lour lots from 



^7 

seven to nine rods each and only one lot of 15 rods. No one of 
these would have sufficed for a farm alone. So until the owners 
were willing to sell so as to make a compact farm, there was no 
attempt to build. 

We think the owners of the Gov. Bradstreet grant were dif- 
ferently situated as Samuel Wells built on his lot about 17 10 to 
1715, as near as we can now get at it. He sold in 1728 and re- 
moved to Hartford, Ct., where he died. Josiah Scott, Sr., built 
on the Deerfield road, yet in Bradstreet's, probably as early as 
1718. Later, about 1728, he built farm buildings one and one- 
half miles north for his son, Josiah, Jr. After the death of his 
wife he went to live with Josiah, Jr., March 6, 1745. Deeded 
him the upper farm, located at the extreme north part of Brad- 
street's, for 400 pounds. His son, Josiah, Jr., was a man 46 
years of age at this time, and was living on land that his father 
owned and buildings that he had built for his son, after the close 
of Queen Anne's war. in 17^3. 

Building in the Straits commenced after the close of the 
war, from 1722 to 1726, and quite a number of houses were 
built, but you will notice that they were all in the Bradstreet 
grant, and in no other part of the town until the aggressive war 
in 1754-61 against Canada was commenced, and ended in its 
capture from the French, and all fear of Indian raids from that 
prolific source had ceased. 

Bradstreet's Grant and Dennison's Grant. — In 
1659, about the time the township of Hadley was allowed to the 
petitioners from Connecticut, a grant of 500 acres was made to 
Mr. Simon Bradstreet, one of the magistrates and afterwards 
Governor of the Colony, and five hundred acres to Maj. Gen. 
Daniel Dennison. They had liberty to locate these lands "At 
any place on the west side of the Connecticut river, provided it 
be full six miles from the place intended for Northampton meet- 
ing-house, upon a straight line." Bradstreet, who had the first 
choice, took his five hundred acres in Hatfield North meadow 
and Dennison took his north of Bashan. Dennison's farm ran 
one mile north and south on the river and west two hundred and 
fifty rods. 

As the North meadow included nearly one-fourth part of the 
valuable interval granted to Hadley and was not "Six miles 
from Northampton meeting-house," the town petitioned to have 
Bradstreet's grant vacated, but without avail. After a five 
years' struggle the town, out of justice to the west side pro- 



68 

prietors. was obliged to purchase of Mr. Bradstreet the North 
meadow, for which he exacted 200 pounds and one thousand 
acres of land elsewhere. "In answer to the petition of Samuel 
Smith, for and on the behalfe of the toune of Hadley, the Courte 
judgeth it meete to grant the thousand acres of land mentioned 
in their petition, next to Maj. Gen. Dennison's land, to the 
toune of Hadley, on condition that they make agreement with 
the worshipful Mr. Bradstreete for the five hundred acres lying 
within the bounds of their said toune. 18 May, 1664." 

From this act of the Court, it would appear that Dennison's 
and Bradstreet's farms adjoined, though Bradstreet's west line 
was one mile from the river, while Dennison's was onl}' two 
hundred and fifty rods. Bradstreet's north line was the upper 
side of the wood lot lying northward of the Elijah Allis farm 
and his west line was a little to the westward of the Straits road. 
His length on the river was one and a half miles. 

Gen. Dennison died in 1682, and some years after his farm 
is found in possession (probably by purchase) of John Field, 
William Arms, Robert Bardwell, Daniel Warner, Samuel Field, 
Samuel Gunn, Joseph Field and Andrew Warner, who, with 
their successors, held and managed it as joint proprietors till 
after 1735, and is all in Hatfield. 

Gov. Bradstreet died in 1697. His farm, like Dennison's, 
was purchased and held in joint proprietorship, though each 
owner had his specified lots. It appears from the proprietors' 
records, that this farm was first divided into two parts, the 
northern part, known as "The upper mile," the southern part, 
known as "The lower mile." Each of these was cut in by a 
road running north and south where the present river road runs. 

For the purpose of regulating fences, highways, etc., the 
two proprietaries of the Dennison and Bradstreet grants united 
and held joint meetings and kept common records. 

Hopewell. — The original name of this tract was "Wet 
Swamp." but it was called by its present name as early as 1700. 
The name appears to have been at first applied to the swampy 
lands li'ing west of Dennison's farm. It now has a more gen- 
eral and indefinite application. 

"1700. J.nnuary 3. A record of eight lots in the Wet 
Swamp, alias Hopewell, in Hatfield: To Samuel Partridge, 
Sen., the first lot, being fourscore rods in length, twenty-six 
rods in breadth, the lines running west by north half a point, 
from the west, H. by S. half a point, containing thirteen acres. 
To Ensign Eleazer Frary, second lot; Lt. Dau'l White, third 



69 

lot; To Ensign Eleazer Frar}', fourth lot; John Graves, Sen., 
fitth lot; To Sa:nael Gr.ives, Sen., deceased, his heirs, th.- sixth 
lot; To John Graves, deciasad, his heirs, the seventli lot; To 
Samuel Dickinson, Senior, the eighth lot " 

All projected improvements in this portion of the town were 
arrested by the war known as Queen Anne's war, which broke 
out in 1703 and lasted till 17 13. It was during this war, Feb. 
29, 1704, in the dead of winter, that the combined French and 
Indians made the memorable assault on Deerfield, where a 
nominally Christian nation outdid in cruelty the barbarities of 
savage warfare. It does not fall within the sccpe of this narra- 
tive to depict the terrible scenes of this massacre, as they have 
often been faithfully portrayed. Twenty-two Hatfield men were 
in this fight, three of whom, Samuel Focte, Samuel x\llis and 
Sergt. Benjamin Wait, were killed. Those of our name taken 
captive were : Mary AUis, Hepzibah Belding, Sarah Dickin- 
son, Mary Field, Mary Field, Jr., John Field and Marv- Frary. 
No more severe battles occurred in the valley, but the 
Indians in small parties hung around all the towns and kept the 
settlers in a state of constant alarm. Ebenezer Field of Hatfield 
was slain at Bloody Brook, Oct. 26, 1708. No traveler was safe 
by night or by day. Ordinary business was transacted only 
under protection of the militia. 

April ir, 1709, Mehuman Hinsdale of Deerfield, while re- 
turning from Northampton with his team, was captured by two 
Indians and taken to Chamblee. Probably the capture took 
place in what is now Whately. He had no apprehension of 
danger because the leaves were not out. In the ten years of the 
war the number slain in the county was one hundred and three. 
One hundred and twenty-three captives were taken, of whom 
twenty-four were killed or died on the way to or while in 
Canada. 

As it was determined by the Colonial Government to main- 
tain the Deerfield settlement at all hazards, this became the 
frontier town ; and consequently Hatfield was less exposed than 
in previous wars and the local histor\- has less of public interest 
for record. 

« 

In this war the Government paid a bounty of ^'10 for Indian 
scalps, when taken by enlisted soldiers, and ^100 for each scalp 
brought in by the volunteers. 

Massachusetts passed an act November, 1706, "For raising 
aud increasing dogs, for the better security of the frontiers." In 



7^ 

October, 170S, Connecticut appropriated ^50, "To bring up and 
maintain dogs to hunt afcer Indians." It does not appear, how- 
ever, that they were of any service in killing or capturing armed 
Indians. 

Indians. — Indians continued to reside in Whately for 
many years after its incorporation at intervals, at least, if not 
permanently. Three families or "lodges" were in the west 
part of the town, as within the distinct recollection of Orange, 
Chester and Charles Bardwell, sons of Lieut. Noah. One cabin 
was north of where Edwin Bardwell built his house. 

He — Edwin — told me that he had often heard his uncles 
relate stories regarding them. "The old brave would get 
bravely under the influence of liquor and then fall to abusing 
his squaw and the young ones. They often had to interfere and 
calm him down." The land west of Edwin's house contained 
large quantities of black ash suitable for making baskets and 
they made and peddled these. There were two more huts or 
cabins southwest of the southwest schoolhouse, one near the 
peculiar round knoll, and another east of the house of Willis F. 
Wait, some twenty-five or thirty rods just under the hill near 
the Haydenville road. These Indians were all well known by 
the Bardwell brothers after they were men grown. 

Then just north of the land known as "Old Fields," west of 
Wells Dickinson's, was an Indian known as Samson Johnson or 
Johnson Samson. He had several sons, Eph, Dave and Cyrus, 
the last named being half negro. The boys used to work around 
in Whately, Conway and Deerfield as late as 1835. After the 
birth of Cyrus, the old brave tied up his squaw and whipped her 
most unmercifully and gave her a lecture that I have often 
heard, but will not relate here. 

An anecdote is related of Josiah Scott, Sr., to the effect 
that for three successive nights he dreamed that a family of 
Indians, li\dng somewhere about a mile from his house, were in 
a starving condition. He was profoundly impressed by the 
vivid recurrence of the same dream that something was wrong 
with his Indian neighbors, and, after eating his breakfast, took 
his gun and started out in the deep snow. On the way to the 
Indian's cabin he shot a bear. Upon reaching the cabin he 
found them sick and entirely destitut-eof food — really in a starv- 
ing condition. He went back, dressed the bear and gave them 
the meat, and afterv\'ards carried them other things. For this 
kind act, it is said, that in all the wars between the settlers and 



7^ 

Indians there never was one bearin,^ the name of Scott 
harmed by the Indians.. These or other Indians lived just south 
of Sugar Loaf mountain, on land now owned by John N. White, 
Esq., or the Fuller place. 

One more story is related of Joseph Scott. One Sabbath 
morning a deer was seen eating hay where he had fed his cows 
and his wife urged him to shoot it, but he said no, if the Lord 
intended that he should have the deer he would send him again 
on some other day. This proved true for the deer came and he 
shot him. 

Snowshoes. — These were Indian inventions to enable 
them to travel over deep snows in hunting. Their value was 
demonstrated in the attack on Deerfield, as the country was then 
deemed impassable from the great depth of snow lying on the 
ground. In March, rjo4, the General Court ordered five hun- 
dred pairs of snowshoes and as many moccasins, for use on the 
frontiers. One-fourth of the number were intended for Hamp- 
shire county. 

On the return of peace, in 1713, the frontiers were pushed 
out northerly and westerly. A permanent settlement was effected 
on the Housatonic river, at ShefReld. Xorthfield, after being 
twice abandoned, was permanently occupied in 17 14. 

From this time to the close of the fourth Indian war, which 
lasted from 1722 to 1726, nothing of general interest occurred 
in this part of the valley. A block house, named Fort Dummer. 
after the then Governor of Massachusetts, William Dummer, 
was erected in the spring of 1724, about two miles south of 
the present village of Brattleboro, where a garrison was main- 
tained which served a valuable purpose in protecting the lower 
towns. 

The only notice extant of any incursion into this town is 
the following : "June 18, 1724. Benjamin Smith, son of Jo- 
seph of Hatfield, was slain, and Aaron Wells and Joseph Allis 
taken when they were loading hay, about three miles north 
from Hatfield street." There was just enough of danger to 
make people cautious and put them constantly on their guard. 

The period from 1726 to 1744 appears to have been one of 
assured peace. The out lands for home lots were now more 
freely taken, houses were built in more exposed situations and 
the proprietors of Bradstreet's farm prepared to locate nearer 
to their valuable intervals. One house in each neighborhood 
was "picketed," and the settler depended upon this and his own 
vigilance and musket for defence. 



CHAPTER VI. 

WHATELY SETTLED. 

During the inten-als of peace the owners of the lands in the 
north part of Hatfield, now embraced in the town of Whately. 
began to build farm buildings. Before Queen Anne's war one 
house was built within our town bounds, that of Samuel Wells, 
in 1 710. This was a half mile or more north of the cluster of 
houses on the Major Dennison farm. This was afterwards sold 
to Nathaniel Coleman and was near the site of Jerry Hafeys' 
present house. Later, Josiah Scott, Sr., built where is now the 
house of the late Charles F. Pease. As early as 1718 the pro- 
prietors built a road from near Frank D. Belden's to Deerfield, 
or Straits road, and the said Scott was to erect gates to prevent 
the incursion of cattle. 

Next, we find several families located near the fortified 
house of Joseph Belden, probably not later than 1730. Joseph 
Belden's house was on the site of the present Bartlett house, on 
what we term Bartlett's corner; so then, we have south of Bel- 
den's, Josiah Scott, Sr., David Graves, John Waite and Elisha 
Smith while at the north we have Josiah Scott, Jr., Lieut. 
Ebenezer Bardwell, and probably Elijah Scott (perhaps he lived 
with his brother. Josiah, Jr.,) and Benjamin Scott, who lived 
with his father. Josiah. Sr. When about 75 years of age he 
lived, or was li\'ing with his son, Josiah, Jr., north of Bartlett's 
and he made a deed of that portion of his farm to his son, 
Josiah, Jr. 

Lieut. Ebenezer Bardwell, and perhaps a Mr. Goss, built 
north of Bartlett's corner, near the Scotts. So we find that the 



73 

Joseph Belden house was central, and was the one to be forti- 
fied, and was enclosed with palisades, surrounding from a half 
to three-fourths of an acre of land. There the families and their 
stock could be secure from molestation by predatory bands of 
Indians. 

We will only mention a few of the more prominent early 
settlers : Abraham Parker, who built in Canterbury', on the 
north lots in Hatfield, near the Deerfield line, in 1749, Joseph San- 
derson, 1752, both from Groton, and brothers-in-law; David 
Scott, 1752; Thomas Crafts built in 1751; Benoni Crafts, in 1760 
or '61, built his house: Dea. Joel Dickinson built in 1750 or 
sooner, perhaps 174S, directly east of the stockade monument; 
Moses Frar^' built where is now the fine residence of Georo:e B. 
McClellan, at an early period: Dea. Simeon Waite built on 
Christian lane in 1760; Daniel Morton built on the Rufus Dick- 
inson place in 1758 or '59; Samuel Carley built on the R. M. 
Swift place, from 1764 to '66. As we give in detail all of these 
we will use no more space in mentioning others. 

Having given much time and labor to the subject of the 
place of location, or residence, of many of the earlier settlers of 
Whately, and had valuable assistance from that untiring and 
persistent antiquarian student, Chester G. Crafts, Esq.. I have 
endeavored to give as near as may be the several places of resi- 
dence of those who first occupied the premises, with lists, more 
or less complete of those who have succeeded them, to near 
the present time. Also giving, when practicable, the original 
number of the lots in the several divisions and, when known, the 
year of building the house, or as close an estimate as we are 
able from data in our possession, I will give them in alphabet- 
ical, rather than in chronological order. 

Allis, Elisha, of Hatfield bought of Thomas Crafts the 
western end of the Crafts farm, beginning 190 rods west of 
Chestnut Plain street, of lots number' 44 and 45, in 1769, and 
erected farm buildings on the Easter or Mt. Easter road to Con- 
way. The house was built some 20 rods north of the present 
house of Irving Allis. This was first occupied by Capt. Lucius 
Allis and subsequently by his son Col. Josiah Allis, who came 
on the place in the spring of 1775, then by his son Elijah Allis. 
In 1826 Daniel Dickinson bought the farm and built the present 
commodious house and seme of the extensive farm buildings. 
The Dickinson heirs sold to Elliot C. Allis, and it is now owned 
by his son, Irving Allis. 



74 

Allis, Elijah, removed to the center of the town and was 
in trade several years where William Cahill now lives. In 1820 
he built the hotel where he remained until 1830 and then built 
on the farm, in Bradstreet's grant, where Silas W, Allis, his 
g-randson now lives. This farm had several owners — two houses 
were upon it. The hotel property was sold to Levi Bush and 
has had mam- owners, among them being Loren Hayden, Darius 
Stone and several others. 

Allis, Russell, lived several years where now is the 
Alonzo Crafts house. He bought, April 13, 1814, the place first 
owned by Joseph Belden, now known as Bartlett's corner. His 
son-in-law, Zebina Bartlett, lived with Deacon Allis and kindly 
cared for the old people in their declining years. Then Zebina 
W. Bartlett occupied the place and since his decease, George 
D. Bartlett has resided there. Before Deacon Allis was Joseph 
Belden, Jr., then x\aron Pratt. Deacon Allis built the small 
cottage house east on the road to the cemetery for his son-in-law, 
Thomas Marsh, about 1816. 

Allis, Daniel, owned and lived on the farm since owned 
by David Morton, Capt. Rufus Smith and son, Henrv'. The 
house was removed 1855 or thereabouts and the farm was sold 
to Hiram Smith and E. Smith Munson. The farm is ofi" the 
main road about 60 rods north, with a private road leading to it. 

Allis, Austin, a son of Daniel, lived at what used to be 
called "The City," on the east side of Poplar Hill road next 
north of the bridge over West brook, formerly owned by James 
Cutter, built about 18 15. The place has since been owned by 
Sumner Smith and his heirs. There was an old house on this 
site, torn down to give place for the new structure. It was then 
an old house and no clue to the original builders can be 
obtained. 

AsHCRAFT, John, lived in the Straits, about opposite the 
old Gad. Smith place, and Ashcraft built the cottage house 
about 1848. It is now owned by Henry C. Pease. There had 
previously' been a set of buildings on the place and probably 
occupied by Nathan Hastings and others before him. This 
place is in the Bradstreet grant. 

Ashcraft, David, lives on the place built by Chapman 
Smith about 1S42. This is also in Bradstreet's grant, and is 
about 40 rods south of the road leading to the cemeterj\ 

Atkins, Solomon, Sr., lived in a house in the Straits on 
the east side of the road, near where is the house built by John 



75 

Woods and now owned by the heirs of Charles F. Pease. The 
old house, torn down, was built probably by Josiah Scott and 
occupied by his son. Mr. Atkins came from Middletown, Conn., 
about 1778. 

Atkins. Solomon, Jr., a tanner and shoemaker, bought 
the place where Hubbard S. AUis now lives and built the house 
before 1788, as he owned the place before Martin Graves 
bought it in 1788. As near as I can learn he bought in 1786. 
He also built the square house, now the Congregational parson- 
age, for one of his sons, probably Enoch. These are on lot t^o. 
34, second division of Commons, on the east side of Chestnut 
Plain street. Sold to Stalham AUis, March 20, 1826 and the 
square house in 1S34. 

Abercrombie, Robert, about 1779, built a house on the 
place now owned by William H. Atkins. He came to Whately 
in 1776. He married a daughter of Abiel Bragg and bought 55 
acres of land of Mr. Bragg and put up a house. This has been 
owned by many people, among them Pliny Graves and E. A. 
Atkins. 

Alexander, Joseph, lived about 1795 or '96, on the Ru- 
' fus Sanderson place, or where old Peter Train and his son, 
Lemuel, lived. The house was built about 1761, on Poplar Hill 
road, fourth division of Commons. 

Alexander, Levi, about 1831, built the house at Canter- 
bury, since owned by Alfred Gray, George Bates, William H. 
Fuller and now by John N. White, probably on lot 68 or 69, 
second division of Commons. 

Allen, Thomas, came from Connecticut, 1770, and lived 
in a house at the lower end of the Straits, west side of Deerfield 
road, probably on lot 13, second division of Commons, south of 
Josiah Gilbert's some few rods. Afterwards occupied by Ben- 
jamin Bacon and was sold in 1791 to Elijah Smith. The house 
was gone at least seventy-five years ago, when I was a boy. 

Bacon, Benjamin, came from Connecticut in 1774 or '75. 
Lived in the Allen house at the south end of the Straits and sub- 
sequently removed to the gamble-roofed house, afterwards 
vacated by Martin Graves, 1788, now owned by the Quinn fam- 
ily. He lived with his son, Philo, and died in 18 14, aged 87 
years. 

Bardwell, Lieut. Ebenezer. As early as 1736, he 
built a house a half mile or more above Bartlett's comer, prob- 
ably on land that was owned by his father, in the upper half 



76 

mile in the Bradstreet grant. This contained 50 acres. His 
father died in 1732. In 1752 he sold the place to David Scott 
and built in the fourth division of Commons, on lot No. 63. 
This was then on the road that was afterwards built across the 
wet land north of G. W. and A.J. Crafts' house, where it was 
originally laid. This he sold to David Scott Dec. 30, 1760. He 
then built what is generally known as the Dexter Dickinson 
house. This he sold to Gideon Dickinson, the father of Dexter, 
and it is now owned by Jonathan \V. Dickinson, Then he and 
his son, Ebenezer, Jr., lived at first in a log house in Claverack 
about two and one-half rods south of the present structure, in 
T778, then built the farm house now going to decay (1899). 
This is on lot 22, second division of Commons. 

Bardwell, Samuel, son of Lieut. Ebenezer, in 1766 
lived on lot No. 68, fourth division of Commons, at the place 
now owned by Wells Dickinson. He sold in 1768 to Nathaniel 
Hawks and removed to Ashfield. He bought the east end of 
lot 68, fourth division of Commons, of Joseph Billings, March 
5. 1760. 

Bardwell, Ebenezer, Jr., son of Lieut. Ebenezer, com- 
monly known as "Captain George," lived and died at the house- 
built b}' his father and himself in Claverack, as did his son, 
Asa and grandson Horace, who left the place to Walter W. 
Bardwell. 

Bardwell, Lieut. Noah, came from Hatfield in 1762, 
bought part of lot 20, fourth division of Commons, and built a 
log house the year before his marriage. At a later period he 
built the large house that he opened as a hotel. This is on the 
Poplar Hill road. When he came out to Whately, a good dis- 
tance from West brook, there was no road and travelers had 
to go by marked trees. The large house has had many owners 
and is now owned by Samuel Wills. 

Bard%vell, Orange and Chester, bought the farms on 
"Dry hill" that were owned b}' Capt. Amasa and Jonathan Edson, 
and occupied both places. I do not know whether the Edson 
brothers built the farm buildings or not. The Bardwells bought 
the two farms in 1797. 

Bardweli, Charles, built an addition to the house 
where George W. Moore lives, on Poplar Hill road. There 
was a small house or shop built there before, but for or by 
whom, I do not know. 

Bardwell, Capt. Seth, built the house, about 1833, on 



77 

the site where Ahram Turner, Jr., lived, at the foot of the hill 
from the Chester Brown place and next above the Elder Good- 
nough house, on the west side of Poplar Hill road. He also 
built, about 1S40, on the new road near the woolen factory that 
was burned, the house occupied by Lyman A. Munson. 

Bardwell, Edwin, built, about 1850, a house and farm 
buildings nearly opposite his grandfather's, where his son, 
Charles E., now resides. 

Bardwell. Otis, built a house and farm buildings east of 
the southwest schoolhouse near the bridge over the West brook, 
in 1830. The place is now occupied by his son, Henry \V. 
Bardwell. 

Bardwell, Dr. Chester, built the house, recently owned 
by Dennis Dickinson, in 1816 or '17. It is now occupied by 
Mrs. G. W. Reed. 

Bardwell, Chester, Jr., bought the Dea. Daniel Brown 
place about 1859. Now owned by his son, Hiram Bardwell. 

Bardwell, Spencer, bought the Elder Goodnough place. 
He sold that and bought the Dea. Davis Saunders place on 
Mill hill, opposite the mill pond, about 1S65. Now owned by 
Dea. Francis G. Bardwell, his son. 

Bardwell, Chester 3D, son of Asa, built the house and 
farm buildings, in 1840, on lot 50, second division of Commons. 
Since owned by Charles R. Crafts, then by Tiiomas Flinn. 

Bardwell, Sherman, built the house at the Straits, since 
owned by Luther G. Stearns. Now occupied by Dwight Dick- 
inson. 

Bragg, Abial, came from Watertown and bought the 
Calvin S. Loomis place and 115 acres of land of Dea. Simeon 
Waite and his son. Gad. The buildings are on lot No. 37, but 
his farm included parts of lots 37, 38 and 39, on the north side 
of Christian lane and south of the road, and parts of lots 34, 35 
and 36. Mr. Bragg sold in 1787 to Dr. Benjamin Dickinson. 
Eleazer Frary bought of Mr. Bragg five acres, now known as 
the Alonzo Crafts place. After Mr. Frary came Simeon Graves, 
Luther Wells, Amasa Lamson and Franklin Graves who pulled 
down the old house and built the present one. Alonzo Crafts 
built a large barn and tobacco barn. It is now owned by Fred 
L. Graves, the blacksmith. 

Bardwell, Cotton, bought the Wm. Mitchell place, sold 
that and bought the Chester Brown farm about 1870. This 
place is now owned by Victor D. Bardwell. His son, Edward 
W., bought the John and David Scott place.' 



78 

Bartlett, Zebixa, bought in 1S03, the Pliny Graves 
place. He afterwards bought the Dea. Russell Allis place, now 
known as Bartlett's corner, and since owned b}- Zebina W,, 
and now by his son, George D. Bartlett. 

Barnard, Ebexezer, perhaps with his father. Joseph 
Barnard, bought the part of the Capt. Oliver Shattuck farm 
which was annexed from Deerfield, in 1787. They came from 
Sunderland, and were succeeded by William, and another 
house was built for Ebenezer. William was followed by his 
twin sons, William and Walter, and the last named sold to 
Noah Dickinson. It is now owned by his son, Hiram R., or the 
heirs of Xoah. 

Beldex. Joshua, from Hatfield, built near Belden's ferry 
where Frank D. Belden now resides. Joshua was succeeded 
by his sons, Reuben and Aaron. Aaron removed to Amherst 
and Reuben to North Hatfield. EHhu took the old farm and 
now Frank D. has possession. This is near the north part of 
the second half mile in Bradstreet's grant. The place was 
bought of man}' different parties, and some west of the road, as 
late as 1806. 

Belden, Dea.n Elisha, built on Chestnut Plain street 
about the time of his marriage in 1764. The house is on lot 22, 
second division of Commons. Since his decease it has been 
owned by Jacob Walker, ^Villiam Mather, Chester Wells, Luke 
B. White, J. I'omeroy Dickinson, J. A. Elder, and now by 
William Cahill. Deacon Belden sold to Jacob Walker in 1883, 
his house and home lot, reserving a fine farm farther east. He 
built the house on lot 22, second division of Commons, on the 
Claverack road, where he died in 1808. His son, Elisha, Jr., 
and his son, Allen, and son, Edwin M., followed. It is now 
owned by John Halloran and son. 

Belden, Joshua, Jr., settled near the south line of 
Whately in the Bradstreet grant. He bought the farm, Feb. 5, 
1796, including the buildings thereon. It was probably on this 
farm that the first set of farm buildings in the limits of Whately 
were built, by Samuel Wells, about 1710 or '12, and afterwards 
sold to Nathaniel Coleman ; most likely where Jerry Hafifey 
lives. An old house was torn down by Richard Tower Morton 
earl)- in his married life and the present structure erected. The 
old Joshua Belden house was built about 1787 or '88, now 
owned by Nicholas Haffey. 

Belden, Augustus, built a house that stood where now 



79 

are the more pretentious premises of Stephen Belden, on the 
west side of the Straits road in the Bradstreet grant. 

Belden, Seth, built the house that stood where A. W. 
Nash built his nice residence, now occupied by his son, Charles 
W. Nash. 

Belden, Francis, built first a small house and afterwards 
put up a brick house. This was burned and his son, Alfred. 
built anew. The farm was partly a portion of his father's land 
and the first house was built in 1797. This was all in Brad- 
street's grant. 

Belden, Shaylor F., built a house next north of Jerry Haf- 
fey's about 1840. This has been occupied by his son, Alfred S. 
Bird, Enoch, built a house and farm buildings on "Grass 
hill," about 1790 to '94. His farm was located one mile from 
the east line of the three-mile addition to the east line of his 
farm, on the road from the Jonathan Waite house and the Capt. 
Rufus Smith place on the east side of the road, probably in the 
fourth division of Commons. The buildings have been gone a 
long time. 

Brown, Edward, built as early as 1761 on the west side 
of the Poplar Hill road, where now stands the barn of Austin 
Brown, his great-grandson. He bought parts of lots 27, 28, 29 
and 30, fourth division of Commons. Probably his house was 
on lot 28. 

Brown, Isaiah, son of Edward, built from 1795 to iSco, a 
hous'^ on part of the old farm of his father, and south some 20 
rods or more. The house was built on the west side and barns 
on the east. This was later owned by Dea. Daniel Brown, and 
now by Hiram Bardwell. 

Brown, Josiah, son of Edward, bought the Abraham 
Turner farm, 116 acres and sixty-three rods, in November, 17S2. 
for ;i{^66o. The deed describes him as of Colchester, Ct. Two 
exceptions are made in the deed, one of two acres sold to Ed- 
mond Taylor, and forty rods sold to Nathan Starks, in the 
southwest corner, where is the house known as the Elijah San- 
derson place and the Austin .\llis place now owned by Sumner 
Smith's heirs. The farm contained parts of lots 39, 40, 41 and 
4.2, in the fourth division of Commons, bounded west by Poplar 
Hill road. The house stood north of the Easter road and has 

« 

been gone for years, but the barn remains 

Brown, Lieut. John, built on the west side of Poplar Hill 
road on parts of lots 46 and 47, fourth division of Commons. 



8o 

He bought these lots in 1769 and built about 1772 or '73, but I 
do not know which lot he built upon. He' kept house here be- 
fore his marriage, Dec. 5, 1776, when he married his house- 
keeper. This was afterwards owned by his son, Chester, who 
built a new house, and then by his son, Myron, who sold to Cot- 
ton Bardwell, and it is now owned by \'ictor D. Bardwell. 

Brown, William Austin, built a house on the east side 
of Poplar Hill road opposite of where the house of Edward 
Brown stood, and on part of the old farm, about 1840 or '41. 
Now owned by his daughter, Mrs. Elisha L. Grover. 

Brown, Joseph, about iSio, bought a house about twen- 
ty-five rods south of the house built by Elijah Allis and his son, 
Josiah, in 1S30. This house was probably built by Abner Xash, 
a brother of Joseph, who had a house a little north of Abner 's. 
Both houses are gone, the one vacated by Joseph Brown being 
pulled down about 1833. These two houses were both in the 
Bradstreet grant. The Nashes were here some time before 1783. 
When first married he lived in the Isaac Smith house, in the 
Straits. 

Bush, Levi, Jr., came to Whately about 1S23. He 
bought the Dr. M. Harwood place where W'illiam Loomis lived. 
When Loomis removed to Haydenville Mr. Bush bought the 
place. It has been occupied by C. R. Chaffee since the death 
of Dr. Harwood. 

Chapin, Dr. Pevez, bought the Dea. Joel Dickinson 
place east of Stockade monument, at the junction of the "Mother 
George" road. It is probable that Dr. Chapin built the present 
house. The land now belongs to David P. Wells. Dr. Chapin 
bought this farm in 1778. It was made up by parts of lots 29, 
30. 31. 32 and 33, second division of Commons, fifty-three rods, 
eight feet. This extended north from land of Rev. Rufus 
Wells to land of Martin Graves. John Lamson bought the lot 
later owned b}' John Crafts, where Lamson built the old gable- 
roofed house that was for many years a hotel kept by Lamson, 
and later by John Crafts. It was destroyed by fire. In its 
dilapidated condition it was a nest for gamblers and worse 
criminals, and was doubtless burned by general consent some- 
where in the 40's Thus the good people disposed of what was 
an intolerable nuisance. 

Crafts, Thomas, from Hatfield, built on the west side of 
Chestnut Plain street, fourth division of Commons. He bought 
parts of lots 44 and 45 and built his house in 1751, as the book 



8i- 

account of his brother, Benoni, charges Thomas for labor, a 
part of which was for tending mason on his house. After his 
death his son, Seth, continued on the homestead then his sons, 
Dexter and Noah, and now Seth B. Crafts owns the place. 

Crafts. Benoni, brother of Thomas, came from Hatfield, 
probably with Thomas and Gaius. In 1760 or '61 he built a 
house on the west side of Chestnut Plain street in the fourth 
division of Commons, having bought parts of lots 59, 60, 6r and 
62, running west one-half mile, and built a house in 1760 where 
now stands the house of George \V. and Asa J. Crafts. It is 
Supposed that his brother, Gaius, was a half owner of these lots, 
as he built a house a little farther west, but for some reason 
failed to marry. He sold out his interest to Joel Graves, and 
he later to the sons of Reuben and grandsons of Benoni'. Eras- 
tus lived in the Joel Graves house where his children were bom, 
while Cotton and Caleb lived at the old house. The Gaius 
Crafts house, which was never plastered, was torn down 
about 1837. 

Crafts, John, son of Thomas, bought the gable-roofed 
house of Joel Lamson, about 1773. This was near the site of 
Samuel Lesure's house. Justin Morton informed me that the 
year he was 14 years old the Lamson house and Moses Graves 
house were built. The Moses Graves house was built by John 
Waite. Jr., before his marriage and his first son, Solomon, was 
bora Oct. 15. 1768, and as Uncle Justin was boni in 1760 the 
probabilities are that he got two stories mixed, as he told me 
one day that a butternut root would travel as fast as his old 
black mare could and he could easily drive her forty miles in a 
day. The lots were No. 32 and 2)3- 

Crafts, Moses, built a log house, north of where George 
Brown lived, on the north part of his father's farm, on the west 
side of the road, about 1778. This he removed to Claverack, 
near the crossing of the Northampton Extension railway, on 
lots of No. 14 and 15 in the second division of Commons. 
This was pulled down and farm buildings erected in 1806 by his 
son, Thomas. This is now the ell part of the house erected by 
Thomas and Elbridge G. Crafts in 1840. John M. Crafts now 
lives there. 

Crafts, Graves, bought in 1785, of Benjamin Wait, a 
log house where nearly all of his great family were born. About 
the time that his son, Israel, was married he built a frame house 
which has been remodeled, raised up a story and otherwise im- 



82 

proved, making it a beautiful residence. The place contains 
parts of lots 51. 52 and 53, fourth division of Commons and 
extends west. Graves Crafts was succeeded by Israel and he 
by his son, Charles D., and the property is now owned by Dan- 
iel Dickinson's heirs. 

Crafts, Joseph, built a house on Mt. Esther; on the road 
to West Whately known as Easter road, west of the place known 
as "Coon dens." This was about 1785. This house has long 
been gone and a butternut tree is growing in the cellar hole. 
A large family was raised here, and some strange thoughts 
passed through my mind as I sat upon the beautiful grass plot 
and followed in my mind the eight or nine children born to 
them. I thought of their childish gambols and plays more than 
a hundred years ago, and traced their active and useful lives 
in the several states where they were scattered. Then looking 
over the ground where never more will a house exist, I won- 
dered why a man of common sense should ever locate in such 
an out-of- the-way, as well as unsuitable, locality. 

Crafts, Eli, built the house now owned by Micajah 
Howes about 1S55, on the street sometimes called "Lover's 
lane." 

Crafts, Silas, built the house on the east side of Chest- 
nut Plain street on lot 55, second division of Commons, now 
occupied by Dwight L. Crafts. The house aud farm buildings 
were erected about 1847. 

Cutter, James, lived in a house on the east side of Pop- 
lar Hill road, on the south side of the bridge, several years. 
This he sold, with an acre of land, in 1829 to Reuben Jenney 
for $200. Who built the house, or when, I do not know, and 
it has been gone more than fifty years. 

Crafts, Rufus, built a house in Claverack, on the east 
side of the road, in 18 10 or '11. This was afterwards owned by 
his son, Ralph E. Crafts, and now by his son, Bela K. Crafts. 

Crafts, Chapman, built the house on the opposite side of 
the road in 184.2. He moved to Wisconsin, and Prof. Robert 
D. Weeks lived on the place several years. Then Ralph E. 
Crafts bought it. 

Crafts, James M., built a house on the Daniel Morton 
place in 1866. This was burned in 1873, with most of the other 
buildings, together with over 100 cases of tobacco and most of 
the farming implements and household fixtures, entailing a loss 
of fully $10,000 above the insurance. 



83 

Crafts, Chester G., built the house east of the depot at 
East Whately, in 1867. This is now owned by John H. Pease 
and is on lot 37, second division of Commons. 

Coleman, Nathaniel, lived in a house where Jerrys Haf- 
fey now lives. This was probably occupied by mmy families, 
as this is the place where it is supposed Samuel Wells built not 
far from 17 10. In a few years he sold it to Nathaniel Coleman, 
perhaps after he removed to Hartford somewhere about 17 12 to 
'15. The deed, dated 17 June, 1728, conveys the property to 
Mr. Coleman probably removed from Whately, and it is quite 
probable that the Nathaniel, who lived and died in Whately, 
springs from the same stock. He was born in 1742 and died in 
1816 and, I think, this was the first house built in our town 
limits, about 1820. R. Tower Morton tore down the old house 
and built the present structure. Carlos Swift lived there some 
years and several others, including George Dane, before it was 
bought by Mr. Haflfey. Nathaniel Coleman was in town in 1771 
and was taxed. 

Coleman, Noah, came from Hatfield. He bought of 
Moses Frary the George B. McClellan house and owned the 
land on both sides of the road. That on the east side was in 
the Mill swamp division, while that on the west side was in the 
third division of Commons. It is possible that the first house on 
this farm was built by Moses Frar>' as he owned a large lot in 
the Mill swamp division, but he only remained in Whately a 
very few years when he sold out and removed to Ashfield, but if 
he sold to Noah Coleman, as it looks as though he did, then it 
is sure that as he was well off financially, that he fitted up the 
place in good shape, had no children, and they adopted Seth 
Frary, son of Eleazer of Hatfield, and he inherited the entire 
estate. 

Coleman, Niles, came from Connecticut in 1773 on lot No. 
21, second division of Commons. The house was a little north 
/of Thomas Flinn's. At that time the land belonged to Reuben 
Belden who owned the mills at West brook, and it was this farm 
that Belden gave by will to Whately for educational purposes, 
but his conditions were such that the town felt compelled not to 
accept the gift. 

Castwell, Thomas, built a house about 1779 or '80 on 
"Grass hill," about a third of a mile south of the Jonathan 
Waite place, on the east side of "Grass hill" road, near the 
house of Mr. Bird. This, I think, was burned. 



84 

Carley, Samuel, owned a house as early as 1771. He 
built, as early as 1766, where now stands the house of Rufus M. 
Swift. 

Carey, Richard, was a son of Dea. Joseph Carey of 
Williamsburg. He built a house, probably as early as 1788, on 
the road leading to Williamsburg some thirty rods west of the 
house of Elihu Harvey, just on the southwest corner of the lot 
where the Dry hill road crosses the Williamsburg road. The 
house has been gone probably fully sixty years. 

CooLEY, Ben'Jamix, was born in Deerfield in 1773. His 
mother died in 1776 and Benjamin was taken by Benjamin 
Scott, Sr., and brought up by him in the old house that occu- 
pied the site of the present one. The old house was torn down 
and Mr. Cooley built the present structure which he sold to 
Israel Scott about 1830. This lot contained twenty acres, twelve 
of which were in Bradstreet's grant and eight in the second divi- 
sion of Commons. He was a civil engineer and manufactured 
sur\-e3'ors' implements, a very ingenious man. 

CooLEV, Lemuel, lived for some years where R. M. Swift 
resides, when he removed to "Gillett's island" in North Hat- 
field, as that neighborhood used to be called. He was succeed- 
ed by Erastus Graves and he by R. M. Swift. The old house 
was small and inconvenient and Mr. Graves built the present 
house. 

Cooley, Dennis, a brother of Lemuel, bought the house 
next north of Ashley G. Dickinson, on the west side of Chestnut 
Plain street, and it is in the fourth division of Commons. It 
was built by Israel Wells about 18 10, perhaps a few years ear- 
lier. Then Thomas Crafts owned it and sold to Mr. Cooley, 
and it now belongs to David Callahan. 

Cooley, Justin Morton, son of Dennis, bought the store 
where Morton & White traded, and moved it from near the site 
of the Town house to just below the Congregational church. 
He remodeled it for a house and it is now owned by Horace 
Manning. It had many owners before Mr. Manning, Dr. Phil- 
emon Stacey, Giles Barney, (a blacksmith) Robert and Dexter 
Frary, and perhaps others have lived there. Mr. Cooley moved 
to Springfield and built and kept the famous Cooley house. 

Curtis, Hosea, was here before 1770. Tradition locates 
him at two places, one on what has been known as the Todd 
place, west of Poplar Hill, and again at the Chapman place 
where James Nolan now resides, west of Mt. Esther. I think 
he lived on the Chapman place. 



85 

DrcKixsoN, De'i.. Joel, built a house as early as 1751, 
perhaps two years before, directly east of the Stockade monu- 
ment erected by James M. Crafts in 1SS4. His farm adjoined 
the ''Mother George" road and was parts of lots 29, 30, 31, 32 
and 33. It extended east to the "Island" road as then called, 
now Claverack, all in the second division. In 1754 his prem- 
ises was surrounded by a stockade. The land enclosed con- 
tained about three-fourths of an acre and in times of danger 
from Indians the inhabitants resorted to this place for safety, 
with their stock. The writer well recollects of hearing his 
great aunt, Martha (Crafts) Rosevelt, tell the story '"That she 
had helped milk the cows there a fortnight in succession." 
Dea. Dickinson sold and removed to Conway, and in his old 
age lived at Phelps, N. V. He and his sons were tories. 

Dickinson, Samuel, built a house, about 1774, where 
Samuel and Horace Dickinson, his grandsons, have since built 
a fine house. Since the. decease of the brothers and two sisters, 
Mary and Irene, all unmarried, it has been sold to Robert Dick- 
inson. Salmon Dickinson owned parts of lots 4 and 5 in the 
fourth division. He built a dain' house about forty or fifty rods 
west of Chestnut Plain street. This constitutes part of the land 
on the east side — was parts of several lots — conimencing with 
No. 1, an.i contained as many as eight lots in second division of 
Commons. About three lots were set off to Oliver, his son, the 
rest are in the present farm. The house is on No. 4, probably. 

Dickinson, Oliver, son of Samuel, built his house in 
1S09 or '10, on lot No. 2, second division of Commons, perhaps 
on No. I, as that lot is twenty-eight rods, five feet, two inches 
wide, while No. 2 is only three rods and tour feet wide, and No. 
3 is eight rods, two feet and one inch wide. This place is now 
owned by Cooley B. Dickinson, a son of Champion B. 

Dickinson, Gideon, from Hatfield, bought in 1770, the 
farm of Lieut. Ebenezer Bardwell who built the house, known 
as the Dexter Dickin.son house, about 1766. This is almost 
exactly at the north end of Chestnut Plain street. The land 
was in both the second and fourth division of Commons, and by 
a resurvev of the lines between the towns, this olace was thrown 
into Deerfield, but came back when that portion was annexed 
to Whately, 5 March, 18 10, and on lot No. 69, whichever divi- 
sion claims it. These premises were owned after him by his 
sons. Dexter and Giles. Dexter occupied the old homestead 
now owned by his son, Jonathan W. Dickinson, who has erect- 



S6 

ed a new and commodious house in the second division, built in 
1862. His new barn is probably on lot 70, second division. 

Dickinson, Giles, built a house about 1820, on lot 69, 
fourth division of Commons. After his death it was occupied 
by his son, Myron, and is now owned by the heirs of Elon San- 
derson. 

Dickinson, Asa, son of Gideon, bought the Lemuel and 
M'oah Wells property and the Samuel Bardwell place that was 
sold to Nathaniel Hawks in 176S. He lived there, after pulling 
down the Wells house, many years ago. Since Asa died his 
son, Wflls, has owned the place. 

Dickinson, D.\niel, son of Gideon, bought the place 
formerly owned by Col. Josiah Allis, built a new house in 1826 
and died in 1830. His sons, Dennis, Rufus and Daniel, re- 
mained here a few years and sold the farm to their brother-in- 
law, Elliott C. Allis, and it is now owned by his son, Irving 
Allis. 

Dickinson, Dennis, bought the Dr. Chester Bardwell 
place, just across "Lover's lane" from the hotel, now owned 
by George and Frank Dickinson, sons of Rufus. 

Dickinson, Rufus, bought the Dea. Levi Morton farm 
and the house built on the farm by Horace Morton, son of Dea. 
Levi, about 1S44. This is on "Pleasant hill." After the death 
of Arnold Morton, he bought the old Daniel Morton property, 
including the house built by Capt. Charles Morton, a grandson 
of Daniel Morton, who died in 1S60. Mr. Dickinson bought it 
soon after and built a new house and barn in modern style. It 
is now owned by his heirs, George and Frank Dickinson. The 
Capt. Charles Morton house was built in 1812. They were all in 
the fourth division of Commons. The south line is at the cem- 
eter}' and extends to the land of Seth B. Crafts, which is lots 
44 and 45 so. of course, 43 is the north lot. It quite likelj' 
takes parts of lots 39, 40, 41, 42 and 43 in the fourth division. 
Perhaps No. 39 should not be included. 

Dickinson, Daniel, Jr., bought the Graves Crafts prop- 
erty, about I S60, and has done much to improve it. 

Dickinson, Abn^r, came from Hatfield about 1772. He 
built some twentj'-five rods south of the Lyman Dickinson place 
on the west side of Chestnut Plain street, and of course in the 
fourth division of Commons. He was succeeded by his son, 
Alpheus. He sold (and removed to New York state and later 
to Sandusky, O.,) to Eurotus Dickinson. The house was pulled 



87 

down after 1834, as Leander Clark lived there, as did George 
Brown, probably as late as 1S40 to '45. 

Dickinson, Jehu, son of Abner, built the house where his 
son, Lyman, lived and died, now owned by Ashley G. Dickin- 
son. This was in the fourth division of Commons, but the bulk 
of the farm is in the second division, next south of Dea. Hlisha 
Relden's and his lot was No. 22. It includes several lots then 
owned by Jehu and Capt Henry Stiles, as far south as the cross- 
road leading to Claverack. 

Dickinson, Eurotus, was a blacksmith by trade but was 
also an extensive farmer. About 1833 he bought the house built 
by Reuben Winchell. postmaster and trader, about 1809 or '10. 
Bought by Rev. Lemuel P. Bates in 1S22. It is now owned by 
the heirs of Edmond Donovan with the bulk of the Abner Dick- 
inson estate. 

Dickinson, Dr. Benjamin, bought in 17S6 or'Sj the farm 
of Abial Bragg, with the buildings erected by Dea Simeon 
Waite. He sold, in 1804, to Asa Frary and he sold to Jonathan 
C. Loomis. It is now owned by his son, Calvin S. This is on 
lot No. 37 in the second division of Commons. 

Dickinson, Charles, son of Dr. Benjamin, built the 
house next east of his father's on lot No. 37, second division of 
Commons, and kept a hotel for a few years. He then, in 1S03, 
sold to Oliver Graves, Jr., a Revolutionary soldier and son of 
Dea. Oliver Graves. He was succeeded by his sons, Sylvester 
and Horace, and they by their sister, Harriet Graves, who was 
a Daughter of the Revolution, of the Betty Allen chapter at 
Northampton. When she died the chapter passed these resolu- 
tions to her memor}' : 

Whereas, The hand of Divine Providence has removed 
Miss Harriet Graves, daughter of a Revolutionan,- soldier, from 
the scene of her temporal labors. Therefore, be it 

Resolved, That the Betty Allen chapter at Northampton 
te.stify to its respect for her memory and to its sympathy with 
the relatives and friends deprived of her piesence. 

Resolved, That we mourn the departure of our respected 
member and Real Daughter. 

Resolved. That we offer to Mrs. Crafts, of the Betty 
Allen chapter, our special sympathy. 

Resolved. That these resolutions be placed upon the 
records of the Betty Allen chapter, a copy sent to the relatives 
and to the American Monthly magazine. 

Signed by the committee and by the regent, 9 March, 189S. 
Ella Cleveland Clark, Mary Cotton Bas.sett, Lucy Wright 
Pearson and Louise Stewart Bartlett Cable, regent. 



88 

Dickinson, J. Pomkroy, bought the Dea. Elisha Belden 
house, on Chestnut Plain street, and lived there from 1S40 until 
his death in 1S62. N'ow owned by William Cahill. 

DouGHiiRTY, Samuel, lived for some years at the Straits, 
in the gambrel-roofed house, after Martin Graves sold in 1788. 
Perhaps he succeeded "Wicked Lige," as they used to call 
Elijah Smith who was a great trader of horses. Dougherty 
removed to Belchertown about iSoo. 

DoNO\"AN'. EroiOND. bought the Dea. Nathan Graves farm 
on Chestnut mountain, in 184-. Then bought the Hiram Smith 
place, now owned by tbe heirs of E. Smith Munson. This he 
sold and bought tlie Eurotus Dickinson farm and the Winchell- 
Bate.s house on lot 26, fourth division of Commons. The farm 
is now owned by his sons, John and Peter. 

Dickinson, Asa, Jr., bought the Lyman Harding farm 
about 1850. and still resi les there. This place was in Deerfield 
until 1810, and was formerly owned by Samuel Harding, grand- 
father of Lyman, and he came in 1776. 

Dickinson, No.\h, bought the Walter Barnard farm about 
rS66. This was in Deerfield until 18:0 when it was annexed to 
Whately. Joseph Barnard and his son. Ebenezer, bought, in 
17S7, the farm of Capt. Oliver Shattuck and William Barnard. 
His twin sons, Walter and William, followed him and now 
Hiram R. and his sisters possess this fine farm. 

Edson, Lieut. Jonathan, built a house on lot 51, second 
division of Commons, as early as 1770, about thirty or forty rods 
north of Cornelia M. White's house, on the east side of Chest- 
nut Plain street. This was gone years before I could remember. 
In 1 775 his daughter, Mehitabel. married Martin Graves, and she 
told ma about his co.nii\^ to S22 her, ho.v he amt and how he 
was dressed, and I give it here to sho v the contrast with modern 
times. Then they lived on "Great Plain" up the hill beyond 
Aaron Dickinson's place towards W^iUiamsburg. She said he 
had a good horse, with a breast-plate harness with ropes for 
traces and lines. A jumper, made of two shaved and bent 
birch poles, ivith oak poles for shafts or thi.ls, a board across 
the jumper with a half-bushel measure bottom up and on this a 
meal bag for upholstery. Instead of holdback irons a knot in 
each thill served the purpose. There was no breeching to the 
harness. Graves wore a good, nice woolen coat and waistcoat 
that his mother made for him, leather breeches and nice, thick 
shoes with good buckles, and a cap made from a coon skin witli 



89 

the tail hanging down his back. Really, he was a noble look- 
ing man she said. They were well-to-do people at that time, 
stern old Congregationalists, but it shows the change wrought 
in 125 years. Mr. Graves was nearly 31 years old and his lady- 
love seven years younger. This she told me while enjoying her 
after-dinner pipe. I remember well that the muscular old gen- 
tleman at 75 was as trim and stalwart as a modern athlete. On 
her table were the books she read — the Bible, Watt's Psalms 
and Hymns, Guide to Christ, Bunyan's Pilgrim's Progress and 
the Catechism, These she read regularly every day until a few 
days before she passed ;iway at the ripe old age of 86 years. 

Edson, Jonathan, buiit a house on "Drv' hill" about 
1785. Afterwards Chester Bardwell bought it in 1797. He 
sold and removed to Brookfield, Vt., then Dea. John M. Bard- 
well lived there. I think the house is gone now. 

Edson. Capt. Amasa, built the house, in 1785, where 
Orange Bardwell livt-d and died. The latter bought the place 
in 1797 and after the death of Orange I do not know who lived 
there. This house, too, has gone. 

Elder, James Austin, owns the house built by J. C. 
Loomis about 1S55. .\m not sure as to the date. He lived 
some years on the J. Pomeroy Dickinson place, about [866. 

Fay, Capt. William, bought, in 1S09, the Israel Scott 
place in the Straits, on the west side of the road, and in the 
Bradstrtet grant and a portion of it in the second division of 
Commons. After his removal it was bought by Phineas Frary 
and then by his son, George W. The house was probably 
built by Benjamin Scott, Jr., about 1790. 

FiiiLD, Zenas, son of Eliakim. probably built the house 
where John Field and. his son, Paul W., have since lived, on 
lots 12 and 13, fourth division of Commons. Tiie first purchase 
was made May 8, 1764. The house was probably buiit before 
his marriage in 1777 or '78. He also built what is generally 
known as Osee Munson pi ice, in 18(5 or '16. After his decease 
the original farm was owned by his son, John, and now by Paul 
Warner Field. 

Field, Noah, son of Moses of Northfield. bought parts of 
lots 37, T,S and 39, in the fourth division of Commons and west 
of Poplar Hill road. 1773, and sold it Feb. 17, 1780, to Asa San- 
derson. The house was built by Mr. Field, on lot 37, soon after 
the purchase. The farm is now in possession of Asa T. San- 
derson, grandson of Dr. Asa. 



90 

F30TE, Alden- a., bau^lit ths Oliver Morton homestead 
after the decease of Mr. Morton in 1344. He bought in 1849 
and died in 1S5S, when Horace B. Fox bought the place. 

Ferguson, Rev. John, bought the Asa Smith place. 
This house was built about 1S25 by Asa Smith. There were 
several owners before Mr. Ferguson bought in 1S37, or therea- 
bouts. George \V. Reed bought it. and now Henrv A. Brown 
owns it. 

Fox, Selah W.. bought the J. C. Loomis house on 
"Lover's lane," west of the hotel, about the time of his sec- 
ond marriage, 8 Nov., 1877. Now owned by J. A. Elder. 

Fox, Horace B , bought the Oliver Morton place, after 
Mr. Foote died, and remodeled it, changing its whole appear- 
ance and it is now as nice a place as there is in town. The 
present owner is W. Irving Fox who so nobly cared for his 
parents in their declining years. 

Frary, Ele.\zer, Jr., son of Eleazer, built the house on 
the corner of Christian bne and Claverack road to South Deer- 
field, on lot 37, second division of Commons, in 1779, where, 
since his removal to Conway, have lived Dea. Russell Allis, 
Zebina Bartlett. Simeon Graves, Luther Wells, Amasa Lamson, 
Franklin Graves, who pulled down the old and built the pres- 
ent house, then Alonzo Crafts. It is now owned by Fred L. 
Graves. 

Frary, Lieut. Elisha, was a son of Isaac of Hatfield. 
In January, 1770, he built a house on a lot of sixty-five acres 
that he had bought, 2 D^c, 1759, of Silas Smith. It is proba- 
ble that he had lived with his brother, Moses, on the McClellan 
farm before he moved to his new home. 

Frary, Moses, was a brother of Lieut. Elisha. In a plan 
made of Chestnut Plain street, in 1770, the house of Moses 
Frary is located on the west side of the street. He sold to Noah 
Coleman and removed to Ashfield. It has since been owned by 
Capt. Seth Frary, John B. Morton andE. B. McClellan. Capt. 
Seth lived with Noah Coleman and inherited his large estate 
since owned by John Bardwell Morton, his son, Eurotus, Elias 
B. McClellan and now by his sou, George B. McClellan. Mr. 
Frary bought, on the east side of the road, thirty-seven acres in 
the Mill Swamp division and twenty-four acres west of the road, 
in 1790. 

Frary, Thomas, a son of Capt. Seth, built the Gad Crafts 
house on Claverack, in 1887. He removed to Hatfield and Mr. 
Crafts bought it in 1828. It is now owned by Thomas Crafts, 



N 

Frary, Isaac, son of Lieut. Elisha, bought the Eleazer 
Frary place at West brook, where ^he died 4 Feb., 1850. He 
also bought the saw and grist mill near Foster Y. Warner's. 
The house was in the Mill Swamp division, afterwards owned 
by Isaac Frary, Jr., then by his son, Solomon Munson Frary, 
and then by his sons, Eugene M., Ernest A. and Edward Frary. 
Owned by Lincoln B. Sanderson since 1S86. 

Frary, Maj. Phineas, son of Phineas of Hatfield, bought 
forty-six acres 20 Feb., 1780, the southerly side of the house 
where John Smith lived, in the fourth division of Commons. 
When Capt. Salmon Graves remo\'ed from the center his son, 
Lyman, took the place and now his son, Chauncey A., resides 
there. 

Frary, Phineas., Jr., son of Maj. Phineas, lived on the 
John Smith place and it has since been occupied by Hiram 
Smith, E. Donovan, and it is now owned by E. S. Munson's 
heirs, Lyman A. and Herbert S. Munson. 

Frary, Silas, son of Maj. Phineas, lived at the foot of 
Chestnut mountain, on the west side of the road. I do not 
know who built the house, probably David Ingram. It was an 
old house 75 years ago, as long as I recollect it. His son, Silas 
B., lived here until he died in 1S51, then Cotton Bardwell. It 
was torn down 15 or 20 years ago, about 18S5. 

Frary, Hokace, lived on the Spruce Hill road some fif- 
teen rods or so north from the E. S. Munson place. This was 
built by him about the time of his marriage 1818. I should 
think it was a small building moved there, as I well recall 
its old appearance as early as 1825 or '26. 

Frary, Robert, son of Dexter, removed the upright part 
of the Samuel Grimes house to the lot on "Lovers lane" when 
Leonard Loomis built the new part to his house between the 
Martin Woods and Eli Crafts places, and fixed it over into a 
dwelling. Now owned by Elisha and Elijah Bardwell. 

Fuller, William Hkxry, bought and remodeled the 
house in Canterbury now owned by John N. White. It was 
built by Levi Alexander, about 1831, on lot 68 or 69, second 
division of Comnions. 

Flavin, Michael, bought of Mr. Twoigg about 1870. 
This was formerly the site of the house of Dickinson Belden 
which was removed from Chestnut Plain street, having been the 
house of Capt. Henry Stiles, near the walnut tree in Ashley G. 
Dickinson's east lot about fifteen rods north of the crossroad 



92 

leading to Claverack. This was rebuilt by John Callahan, and 
there have resided here Willard I\I. Belden and Timothy Two- 
igg, before Mr. Flavin. 

Flynn, Thomas, bought of Charles R. Crafts, in 1889, the 
Chester Bardwell place, built in 1840 and remodeled by Mr. 
Crafts. 

Fleming, Thomas, lives on the place built by Jeremiah 
Waite in 1809, since owned by David Belden, Martin Crafts, 
who remodeled it, and W. M. Belden. Mr. Fleming has added 
to the barn and built a large tobacco barn, corn house, etc. He 
is an excellent farmer. 

Graves, Uea. Nathan, bought lots No. 4 and 5, in the 
fourth division of Commons, 20 March, 1761, and on one of 
these lots built the house and farm buildings. This is on 
Chestnut mountain. He soon bought part of lots 3 and 6, same 
division, and in 1762 twentj'-nine acres in No. 7, and in 1780 
fifteen acres in lot No. 2, making his whole lot sixty-eight rods, 
ten feet wide. After his decease, in 1786, the place was owned 
by his son, Reuben, then by his son, Reuben, Jr., and then by 
his son, Dwight. who sold the farm to J. A. Elder, and it was 
sold by him to Edmond Donovan. The original house was 
burned about 1835 and rebuilt by Reuben, Jr. The buildings 
have gone down. 

Graves, Dea. Oliver, from Hatfield, built the house 
now known as the Jerre Graves house, probably as early a.s 
1766, possibly earlier, and it is now owned by Seth B. Crafts. 
This is on lot 38 or 39, probably 38, second division of Com- 
mons, extending east one-half mile. After his death his son, 
Elijah, and his son, Jerre, lived there. 

Graves, Oliver, Jr., bought in 1803, the house on lot 
37, second di\ision of Commons, in Christian lane built by 
Charles Dickinson, son of Dr. Benjamin. It had been kept as 
a hotel. After Oliver's decease it was owned by Sylvester and 
Horace Graves, and after their death by their sister, Harriet 
Graves. She died 10 March, 1898, in her 92d year. 

Graves, Selah, son of Dea. Oliver, built about 1785, on 
Spruce hill. He bought lots, or parts of lots, 22, 23, 24, 25 and 
26, in the fourth division of Commons, beginning one-half mile 
west of Chestnut Plain street and extending west 240 rods — 114 
acres and no rods of land — for which he paid ;i^2i7, i8s. After 
his death, William and Justus owned the place and after them 
the farm was cut up. Patrick Dalton now owns the buildings 
and part of the home lot. 







i:«y 






■• i:iii l-v 













K 

K 






> 
< 

3S 



> 



93 

Graves, Capt. Salmon, bought of Lemuel Clark. 14 
March, 1791, the place where David P. Wells now lives, for 185 
pounds sterling. He materially altered the appearance of the 
house, which was two stories in front. He raised the rear part 
to the same height, putting the ridgepole in the cetiter, and 
made other improvements. It is supposed that Dr. Perez Cha- 
pin built the house and tore down the Joel Dickinson house, 
very likely built of logs and changad its location. Mr. Graves 
moved to the place where Chauncey A. Graves now lives in 
1827. He was a Free Mason, and, as it was when the Morgan 
excitement was high and their place of meeting at Stockbridge 
hotel was discovered, Capt. Graves finished off rooms in the sec- 
ond story to accommodate the meetings, and I have often seen 
the insignia which was painted on the walls. Here the breth- 
ren from Northampton, Greenfield and other towns gathered to 
exchange greetings. 

Graves, Israel, a brother of Dea. Oliver, bought, or 
rather exchanged property with Gains Crafts, taking the house 
and land owned by Gains in Whately. The house was fifteen 
or twenty rods west of the road, in the fourth division of Com- 
mons, a little north of west from Benoni Crafts' house. It was 
built in 1765. After Israel's dea1;h his son, Joel, and then 
Erastus Crafts liyed there until Erastus bought the Martin 
Graves place, in Christian lane, in 1S35. The old house was 
torn down soon after Erastus moved out, about 1837. 

Graves, Israel, Jr., built on lot No. 40, second division 
of Commons, north of Alonzo Crafts' corner, about 1804. After 
his second marriage he lived and died in a house built by Dan- 
iel Morton, Jr., where Edward Holley now owns, east of Ashley 
G. Dickinson's. 

Graves, David, son of Samuel, built a house in the Straits 
on the place afterwards known as the Stockbridge tavern. Mr. 
Graves built sometime between 1730 and '32. It is safe to call 
it 1732. He was one of the earliest settlers. This is in the 
Bradstreet grant, and he erected at that time a portion of the 
present house, bringing such materials as he could use from the 
house on the Dennison farm which he pulled down. The house 
was a framed house and not of logs. He had a large family — 
five sons — and it is quite probable that he built the front house 
later, but Mr. Stockbridge put on the hall and raised up the 
middle portion a story, and the roof of the main part to corre- 
spond with the ell part after it was raised. The hall in the 



94 

west end was for dancing purposes, and here the Masons of that 
vicinity used to meet in the first years of the Morgan episode. 
The house is still standing and we hope to have a cut of it for 
this volume. 

Graves, David, Jr., built on lot No. 36, second division 
of Commons, on the south side of Christian lane, about fifteen 
or twenty rods east of the Claverack road, about 176S, having 
bought this part of lot 36 of Nathaniel Coleman of Amherst, 
formerly of Hatfield. The two front rooms were built in 1769 
and the rear portion long before, probably at Bashan, or on 
Dennison's farm, and then moved here. This was probably the 
second house built in the lane. After his death his son, Levi, 
then his son, Rufus, lived there and now Lemuel F., is the 
owner. ^ 

Graves, Martin, first settled in the Straits on a portion 
of th.t Bradstreet grant, where stands the house now owned by 
Edmund Quinn's heirs. This he sold to Elijah Smith in 1788. 
He then bought of Abial Bragg and built a house on the south 
side of Christian lane on lot No. 36, second division of Com- 
mons, extending from Chestnut Plain street to Claverack road. 
His purchase included several other lots, with the exception of 
the house lot sold by Bragg to Solomon Atkins, where Hubbard 
S. Allis lives, and the parsonage. He bought the land 14 April, 
1758, and built his house that year. The front part was built 
when Capt. Lucius was married, or just before, probably in 
1808, and in 1835 Erastus Crafts bought the house and other 
buildings and two and one-half acres of land. The. balance was 
owned by J. C. Loomis, excepting ten acres owned by Leonard 
Loomis, and now by Hon T.' P. Brown. 

Graves, Simeon and Matthew, brothers of David and 
Martin, and sons of David, removed to the southeast part of 
Conway. Simeon died there 6 April, 1 812, at 92 years of age, 
while Matthew removed to Norwich, N. Y., where he died at a 
great age. 

Gr.wes, John, son of Nathan, built on Grass hill about 
as earl}" as 1775. He probably sold to John Monson and re- 
moved, about 1S18, to Ohio with his son, John, Jr., where he 
died. Later John, Jr, removed to Michigan where he died 
in 1856. 

Graves, Asa and Daniel, removed to Vermont, near 
Rutland, while Elihu removed to the northeast part of Williams- 



95 

burg, where Caleb Graves, and later Hiram Graves, lived. 
Only John and Reubeo remained in Whately. 

Graves, Moses, bought the John Waite house on the 
north side of Christian lane, on lot No. 37, second division of 
Commons, iS Dec, 1794. It was owned, after the decease of 
Moses in 1827, by his son, Lucius, and now by his son, Fred 
L. Graves. 

Gr.wes, Pliny, bought the house built by Robert Aber- 
crorabie in 1779, afterwards owned by Jacob Allen Faxon, Wil- 
liam Cone, Zebina Bartlett then by Mr. Graves, and after his 
death by Edward A. Atkins, and now by W. H. Atkins. Mr. 
Graves bought of Mr. Bartlett five acres, in 1S12, for S350. 

Graves, Erastus, in 1S27, bought the R. M. Swift farm 
and tore down the old house, probably built by Samuel Carley, 
as early as 1766. This was a frame house but very small. Mr. 
Graves built the present house a fine cottage, which has been 
much improved by Mr. Swift by the addition of the ell part and 
sheds, carriage house, addition to the barn and extensive 
tobacco barns, etc. 

Graves, Randall, owned the house built by Abel Scott 
and sons, before the marriage of ,-\bel Scott, Jr., in 1823. Mr. 
Graves bought it in 1^33 or thereabouts, and lived there until 
he died, in 1874. L. F. Crafts lived there a few years and was 
followed by Fred J. Root from Westfield, and it is now owned 
by his widow, Mary (Graves) Root. 

Graves, Spencer, moved to Brookfield, Vt., and died 
there at nearly 99 years of age, while Levi settled at North Hat- 
field and died there, aged about 88 years. 

Graves, Simeon, a wheelwright, lived on the Alonzo 
Crafts corner several years, then he and his brother, David, a 
blacksmith, moved to Brookfield, Vt., where they both died. 

Graves, Phineas, son of David, Jr., built the house where 
Dr. Myron Harwood lived and died, on the west side of Chest- 
nut Plain street. He bought the lot, which contained one 
acre and 117 rods, of David Morton of Hatfield, in 1797. West 
of the present barn, he built a small tanner}'. Since his removal 
from town Joseph Mather, the hatter, William Loomis, the car- 
penter, Levi Bush, the merchant and Dr. Harwood have lived 
there, and now Chester R. Chaffee is the occupant. Mr. Graves 
removed to Norwich, N. Y. 

Graves, Franklin, bought the five acre lot and the house 
built byEleazer Frary. He tore down the old house and built 



the present commodious house, about 1843, now owned by Fred 
L. Graves, the blacksmitli. 

Graves, Justus, son of John, born 1784. He was a good 
hunter and a fine marksman with his rifle. He was a soldier in 
the "Whately Rifle Greens," and was with that company at 
Boston in the war of 1S12-14.. His captain — Amos Pratt — knew 
of his wonderful skill with his rifle, and one day he and the 
captain of another rifle company were talking of the proficiency 
of some of their men, when the other captain challenged Capt. 
Pratt for a trial of skill, at arms end. Capt. Pratt accepted the 
challenge, and at the appointed time came with Justus Graves 
as his man and a great crowd of lookers-on. Capt. Pratt picked 
up a shingle and took his position at the designated distance 
and held it in his hand, while Graves fired and the ball pierced 
the shingle. 

Capt. Pratt then off'ered the shingle to his friend, but he de- 
clined the honor of the trial. A short time after the close of the 
war, true to the family instincts or predilection of his family, he 
started for the western world and spent his life hunting and 
trapping and was killed by the Indians near the Rocky moun- 
tains. We could give other incidents, but space forbids. I 
will only say that one of his cousins, Erastus Graves, son of 
Amasa, went with dog and gun into the great West trapping and 
hunting and died alone in his hunting camp where his remains 
were found, and thus ends our story of the Graves families. 

Harding, Samuel, settled where Asa Dickinson now 
lives. He came from Woodstock, Conn., about 1775 or '76. 
It is probable that he built the first house on that lot, then in 
Deerfield, annexed to Whately 1810. He was one of the select- 
men in T781, a man of some prominence in Deerfield, and died 
in 1805, aged 79 years. After him Justin Morton lived there 
some \ears. He married, E.'-ther, a daughter of Samuel Hard- 
ing. After him came Lyman Harding, his grandson, then 
Daniel Dickinson, and now Asa Dickinson lives there. 

Hart, Murray, a tinner, lived on the Joseph Belden place 
at Bardstt's corner, and plied his trade. He bought the place^ 
m iSoS, for SSoo. He died in [S12 and his widow married John 
Gra\-es, Jr., and removed to Ohio. Mr. Hart was from South- 
ington, Conn. 

H.\RVEY, Elihu, built the house about 1815, where he 
lived and died. He was a carpenter and familiarly known as 
"Lawyer Harvey." He was in the war cf 181 2- 14, in the place 



97 

of his "Boss," J. C. Loomis, for whom he was at work upon a 
house in Greenfield and Mr. Loomis could not conveniently 
leave. The place is on the road from Whately to Williams- 
burg. It has been occupied since by his son, Stephen R., 
Nelson H. Damon, and now by Hiram Graves. 

Harwood, Dr. Fr.-^ncis, built a house some twenty rods 
south of the present house, in 1794. This was moved about 
18 1 8 to the present site and the front house added. The lots 
composing the farm are Nos. 54, 55, 56, 57 and 58. The house 
is on lot 58, fourth division of Commons. It has since been 
occupied b}' his sons, Col. R. B and Justus F. Harwood, then 
by Samuel B. White, 2d, Samuel W. Steadman, Charles R. 
Crafts and now by Warren P. Crafts. 

Harwood, Dr. Myron, bought the house built by Phin- 
eas Graves, on the west side of Chestnut Plain street, in the 
fourth division of Commons. He remodeled it, changing the 
roof so that it stands gable end to the street, adding some rooms 
in an ell part and other ways much improving its general 
appearance. Now owned by C. R. Chaffee and wife, the latter 
a daughter of Dr. Harwood. 

Hawley, John, settled in Whately about 1772 or "73, but 
where I do not know. 

Hawley, Fred A., bought the Jabez Pease farm in the 
Straits in i860. The farm is a part of the Gov. Bradstreet grant. 
He came from Amherst, I think, or the east part of Hadley. 
Pease bought of Andrew Scott in 1842. The old house was 
pulled down and the present one built in 1823. The old house 
was built on this site by Joseph Scott, who was born in Hatfield 
1754, and built about 1787. 

Hayes, Dennis, bought the Dexter Clark place, formerly 
built by Benjamin Scott, Jr., about 1785. The house was prac- 
tically rebuilt by Mr. Hayes in 1879. We are unable to trace 
the other occupants of this place after the death of Benjamin 
Scott, Jr., in 1821. • 

Haffey, Jerre, bought the old Nathaniel Coleman place. 
The present house was built on the site of the house probably 
erected by Samutl Wells, about 17 10. This was the first house 
built in our town limits, so far as I know. The old house was 
pulled down and the present one built, about 18 17, by R. T. 
Morton. It has had several occupants, among them Carlos 
Swift, George Dane and probably others that I cannot recall. 
It is in the Gov. Bradstreet grant. 



98 

Haffey, Nicholas, lives on the Joshua "Belden, Jr., farm. 
This has been occupied since his death by Bryant Nutting, 
Benjamin Dane and perhaps others. 

HiGGiNS, Henry, S., bought, in 1S79, the Levi Morton 
farm, including the house built by Joseph Lyman Longley. 
This place was formerly owned by Tliomas Wells, son of Rev. 
Rufus Wells, who bought it of the Marr^hes. Asa Marsh bought 
the land of Simeon and Gad Waite, in 178 1. and built the house 
on lot 37, second division of Commons. The old house was 
bought in 1886 or '87 by Clarence E. Crafts, but was given up 
to Mr. Higgins. Now owned by H. S. Higgins, Jr. 

Hill, Joseph, built a house on the farm purchased of 
Abram Turner. This farm was parts of lots 40, 41 and 42, fourth 
division of Commons. One John Morey had built a log house 
on this farm, about 1778, and it was burned one Fast da}^ He 
and his family went to visit a friend, and while absent the 
house burned. It was considered that this was a judgment 
upon them fcr thus desecrating the daj', by such disregard of a 
holy day for such purposes. The lots bought by Mr. Hiil began 
one-half mile west of Poplar Hill road and lay on both sides of 
Dry Hill road. Mr. Hill bought in 1783. The farm has since 
been occupied (Mr. Hill removed to Williamsburg) by Col. 
Nathan Ames, Moses Morton, Aaron S. Stearns and his son, 
Luther G. Stearns. The house is torn down. 

.Hill, Kuggles, son of Joseph, lived somewhere in West 
Whately, but where I do not know. 

Hill, Moses, built the house on the Grass Hill road 
where Samuel Sanderson used to live, some forty rods south of 
Edward Sanderson's present residence, about 1810 or '11, torn 
down now. 

Howes, Micajah, a merchant, bought the Eli Crafts 
place on "Lover's lane," about 1875. (I cannot give the pre- 
cise date.) Joseph Mather had a small house on this site which 

was pulled dow'n and the present cottage house erected by Eli 
Crafts. 

Hunt, & Beckwith. Josiah Hunt and Messer Beckwith 
were clothiers for many years, from 1795 to 18 13. They 
built the house on the west side of Chestnut Plain street, now 
owned by Mrs. E. F. Orcutt, and it has been added to by sub- 
sequent owners. Justin Morton, Hannah Tower, Samuel Lesure 
and J. A. Crump have lived there. 

Hallorran, John, bought the Allen Belden place of 



99 

James M. Crafts, assi.^nee of C. H. Manchester. This house 
was built by Allen Belden and his son. .Edwin M., in place of 
the old one built by Dea. Elisha Belden in 1783. 

Handerhan, Michael, bought a place in the Straits 
where Samuel R. Lamb used to live, but who built the house I 
do not know. 

HoLLEY, Edward, bought the place formerly known as 
the Uncle Israel Graves place, built by Daniel Morton, Jr., 
in 17S5. 

Hayden, Loren, came to Whately in the spring of 1851 
and bought the hotel. In 1S53 he bought the Morton farm 
(now C. K. Waite's) and thoroughly remodeled the buildings. 
In 1856 he bought the Bloody Brook hotel and removed there. 
Wherever he went improvements commenced. 

Ingram, David, came in 1774. The place of his resi- 
dence is not certainly known, but it is supposed to be the house 
known as the Esq. Silas Frary place, at the foot of Chestnut 
mountain, now torn down. It was an old house 75 years ago. 

Jenney, Reuben, son of Job, from New Bedford, came 
with his son, Reuben, Jr., and bought the land of Noah Bard- 
well. Asa Sanderson and Dea. James Smith 9 March, 18:5, and 
built the house where Reuben, Jr., lived. In 1823, Reuben, 
Jr., bought of James Cutter a house and lot east and north of 
the store, on the south side of the brook. The house was built 
just west of the sawmill yard recently owned by Luther 
Sanderson. 

Jenney, Reuben, Sr., bought and built a house as early 
as 1819 in Hopewell. Since he died, in 1836, Daniel Loveridge 
and Erastus Potter have owned the farm and lived there. It 
now belongs to S. W. Allis, Esq. 

Jenney, Elisha A., bought the house built by Ashley 
Smith, about 1827. Since Ashley Smith removed West it has 
been owned by Hiram Smith, Thomas Nash and perhaps others. 
It is on the road to Williamsburg, the south side of the road 
about forty rods from Poplar Hill road. He bought a fair-sized 
mill, where various kinds of goods have been made, and the 
water power connected with it. Hiram Smith made iron and 
steel goods, Mr. Nash, satinets, and Jenney was a wood turner. 

Jefferson, Amos, and his son, Amos, Jr.. lived on the 
Deerfield road, west of Elijah D. Sanderson's. He lived here 
as early as 1785. For a cellar for his vegetables he had a hole 
excavated in the bank of Hopewell, directly west of William 



lOO 

H. Fuller's house. Hopewell hill rises somewhere about fifty 
feet and is quite steep. This kind of cellar was in use within 
m}^ recollection and was seldom opened until spring. Apples 
kept as fresh as they were in the fall apparently. Amos. Jr., 
moved his house onto the River road, near the large drain south 
of E. D. Sanderso.i's. Ha was a tanner and shoemiker, working 
for Dea. Thomas Sanderson and his son, Maj. Sanderson. 

Jones, Eli, bought the farm p nd house on the new road to 
Ha}'denviile. under Shingle hill, of Chester K. Waite, built 
about the time of Mr. Waite's marriage, in 1S53 or '54. Now 
owned by Almeron J. Codding. 

JuDD, Jonathan S., Congregational minister, built the 
house on the east side of Chestnut Plain street, about 1843 or 
'44. Since his removal from Whately, Rev. Charles Lord has 
lived there a few years, also John \Vells and owned by Matthew 
Farrell since 1896. 

JUDD, Ele.^zer, brother of J. S., bought the farm of E. 
Wilson Sanderson. The buildings were built by Lieut. Eli 
Sanderson, in 1816, and since enlarged by his sons, A. W. and 
E. W. Sanderson. Mr. Judd sold to Silas Crafts, and the place 
is now owned by Charles A. Sanderson. The house was burned 
in December, i386. and has not been rebuilt. 

Jewett, Moses William, built the house next south of 
Edmond Donovan's, on the west side of Chestnut Plain street, 
on the site of a house built by Chester Wells in 1889. He died 
in 1890 without children, leaving his property to his wife. On 
his lot there was a pottery, but it was moved off. 

Kellogg, Joseph, came in 1770 and remained some years. 
I do not know where he lived, but think at the Straits. He 
was taxed in 1771. He may have owned a house, but I fail to 
find the evidence of it. 

Kellogg, William, was taxed in 1771, only a poll tax. 

Kellogg, Joel, came from Hadley, and he and his wife 
died in town. I do not think that he owned any real estate in 
Whately, but lived either on rent or with his daughter. 

Knights, Calvin, from Chesterfield, bought a house and 
lot that was on the west side of West brook, near the mill of H. 
L. James, that was burned. He bought the place in 1865, or 
thereabouts, and two of his children were born there. Since he 
died the place has been bought by Charles H. Field, son of 
Paul W. 

Knights, Henry S., bought one of the boarding houses 



idi ^ 

of the James woolen mill about 1S85. His brother, Charles N. 
Knight, also bought one of these houses. 

Kennedy, Michael, bought the Benjamin Cooley place 
in the Straits. A blacksmith remained there some years, but 
removed from town. 

Lamson, John, a blacksmith, built the gambrel-roofed 
house, about 1772 or '73, near where Samuel Lesure's house 
stands, on the east side of Chestnut Plain street on lot 32, or pos- 
sibly T,2,, second division of Commons. Mr. Lanison opened a 
hotel and sold in 1774 to John Crafts who continued the hotel 
for many years. Calvin Wells lived there with his father-in-law 
until 1827. Many families lived there after Wells removed to 
the Capt. Salmon Graves place. Some of the occupants were 
no better than they ought to be and the old house had become 
dilapidated, and it was wiped out by fire and no eflfort was made 
to save it. 

Lamson, Amasa, a shoemaker, bought the house on the 
Alonzo Crafts corner, in Christian lane, in 1824 or '25. He 
sold and removed to Michigan. 

Lane, Rev. John W., bought the house next north of 
Rev. Rufus Wells' place. It was built in 1834 or '35 and occu- 
pied as a store, and then William W. Sanderson kept a store 
there some years. Mr. Lane remodeled it for a house and, after 
his death, James Madison Smith bought it. It was purchased 
by Dea. Lucius Meekins about 1888. 

Lesure, Samuel, from Warwick, came in 1828. He 
built the house and his store, about 1850, on the east side of 
Chestnut Plain street, near the site of the John Crafts house. 

LocKK, John, who came about 1773, was a worker in stone 
and made headstones. He also did brick work, plastering, etc. 
He lived for .some years in the house built by Daniel Morton 
and well known as the "Aunt Phebe" house, uow owned by 
Ned Holly. 

LooMis, Jonathan Colton, a carpenter and farmer, 
bought the Dea. Simeon Waite house in Christian lane. This 
house was the first one built in Christian lane. Before 1764 he 
settled in Whately, probably as early as 1762, as he left Athol 
about 1760. The place now belongs to Calvin S. Loomis. J. 
C. Loomis was an active business man. 

Loomis, Leonard, brother of J. C, lived with and cared 
for Mrs. Grimes, widow of Samuel Grimes who kept a store on 
the place now owned by Hon. T. P. Brown, of Toledo, O., for 
a summer residence. 



I02 

LoxGLEY, Joseph L., built the house, where Henry S. 
Higgins now lives, in 1S55 or thereabouts. ^ 

Lord, Rev. Charles, bought the house of- Rev. J. S. 
Judd and lived there a few years. He came in 1856 and left 
in 1S60. 

Maxxixg, Horace, bought the house next south of the 
Con2:reo:ational church and still resides there. This was 
remodeled and moved there by Justin M. Cooley. 

Marsh, Abijah, owned and probably built a house on the 
corner of the Deerfield road and the road leading to the station, 
opposite of Bartlett's corner, about 17S0. That was torn down, 
and Luther S. Wilcox built on the old site in 1858. 

Marsh, Asa, and his son, Amos, built, or rather lived, in 
a house on the Deerfield road a mile or so above Bartlett's 
corner. Probably the house was built by Lieut. Ebenezer Bard- 
well in 1752. 

Marsh, Asa, Jr., lived on the Levi Morton farm, now 
owned by Henry S. Higgins, Jr. He came from Douglas and 
built the house in 17S2. 

]\L\RSH, Elijah, bought the place recently owned by Sam- 
uel C. Wood, in the Straits, about 1840, and his son. Joseph 
Marsh, now a bookseller al Northampton, remained there a few 
5■ear^ and then sold. The place is in the Bradstreet grant. 

Mastersox, James, bought the B. G. Aldtn place. The 
house was built about 1S32. 

Mather. Benjamin, a sea captain, came in 1787 when 
about 60 years of age. Ht- built a small log house on the south 
side of the crossroad on land now owned by Thomas Fleming. 
He lived there summers and the rest of the time with his son, 
Wil iam Mather. Capt. Mather died in 1821, 

Mather, Samuel, commenced to build a house on the 
south side of his brother, William's, land, but for some reason 
sold it after the roof and sides were boarded. He sold it to 
Oliver Morton, Jr., in 1816, who moved it to where W. I. Fox 
now lives. Mather removed to Ashfield. 

^L\THER, Joseph, lived for sometime in the Phineas 
Graves house, then in the Martin Woods house and, later, in a 
house that stood where Eli Crafts built. 

Mather, William, bought the Dea. Elisha Belding farm, 
on Chestnut Plain strt-et, but removed to Gorham, Ontario Co., 
N. Y. He was town clerk several years. 

Morton, Oliver Sr., came from Hatfield and built his 



I03 

house just south of the center cemetery, where C. K. Waite 
lived, as early as 1760 or '6r, on the west side of Chestnut Plain 
street, on lot 38 or 39, fourth division of Commons. This? after 
his decease in 1789, was occupied by his son. Samuel G. Mor- 
ton and, later, by his grandson, Samuel G. Waite. Loren Hay- 
den, Jerre Graves and C. K. Waite, and now by his son, Charles 
H. Waite. 

Morton", Oliver, Jr., bought the frame of the house of 
Samuel Mather, which was the front part of his house, in kSi6. 
The ell part was his first house, built about 1800, on the south 
part of his father's farm. This is now owned by W. I. Fox. 
It has been greatly improved by Horace B. Fox and his son, 
the present owner. 

Morton, D.\ntel, from Hatfield, built as early as 1759 on 
lot No. 42, tourth division of Commons, north of Gutter brook. 
He bought part of lots, possibly 39, but certainly 40, 41, 42 and 
43, from the center cemeter\' to Thomas Crafts' south line. 
These extended west one-half mile. His house was a two-story 
structure and, for many years, this was kept as a wayside 
tavern as it was on the route for the stream of tra\'el passing 
into the towns north and west. He died 20 Jan., r7S6, and 
was succeeded by his son, Consider, and he by his son, Arnold, 
and then by Rufus Dickinson and his heirs. 

Morton, Daniel. Jr., built the house that Edward 
Holley now owns, in 1790. He sold this and built in Claverack 
about 1800, on the east side of Claverack road, on lot 11 or 12. 
Since his death it has been owned by Col. Caleb Crafts, Thomas 
Crafts and James M. Crafts. The old house was pulled down 
in 1866 and a new one built. This last was burned 21 April, 
1873, The land is now owned by John M. Crafts. 

Morton, Simeon, came from Hatfield and built a house 
between 1771 and '74, at West Whately, on the Dry Hill road, 
since owned by Reuben, his son, and Daniel F. and Leander L. 
Morton, sons of Reuben. It is now owned by George W. 
Moor. The house was long ago pulled down. 

Morton, Dexter, son of Simeon, built on the Dry Hill 
road, about a quarter of a mile north of his father's, on the 
east side of the road, in 1803. A few years after hisdeath( 1859) 
the land was sold ofif in sections to suit the purchasers, as well 
as the buildings, all in complete condition. Thus a very good 
farm was placed in the list of abandoned farms. 

Morton, Richard Tower, built the Jerre Haffey house 



I04 

in 1S20. He pulled down the old house, built probably about 
1 710 by Samuel Wells and afterwards owned by the Colemans. 
He owned the David Stockbridge new hotel property at his 
death and since owned by his son, Frank B. Morton. 

Morton, John Lyman, built the house next north of his 
father's in 1842. After covering the outside and laying the 
floors it was used for several months by the Second Congrega- 
tional Church society for their stated meetings, and sold later to 
William F. Bardwell, and in 1886 to Dr. Tames D. Seymour. 
It is on the west side of the street, a fine, pleasant cottage. 

Morton, Dea. Levi, came from Hatfield and built on 
Pleasant Hill in 1783. I do not have the number of his lots, 
but the old house, long ago taken down, stood very near the 
present residence of George Dickinson. The house of Mr. 
Dickinson was built for his son, Horace, and moved to its pres- 
ent commanding position, and it is a very sightly place. 

Morton, David, son of Dea. Levi, lived on the Daniel 
Allis place, but removed to Leicester many years ago. 

Morton, Levi, Jr., bought the place now owned by H. 
S. Higgins. Two other sons of Levi, Sr., Chester and Justus, 
removed to Hatfield and died there. 

Morton, John Bardwell, came from Hatfield and 
bought the Capt. Seth Frary place at West brook about 1825. 
After his death his son, Eurotus, owned the place, but sold to 
Elias B. McClelan and bought the James Scott farm at North 
Hatfield. 

McClelan, Elias B., came to Whately and bought of 
Eurotus Morton the farm formerly owned by Moses Frary, 
Noah Coleman, Capt. Seth Frary and John B. Morton. He 
died in 1882 and was succeeded by his son, George B., who has 
added much to the beauty of the place by remodeling the house 
and outbuildings. 

Mosher, Jacob, came in 1806, from HoUis, N. H., and 
settled in the Straits. He was a cooper by trade and built a 
house, about 1845, where Morris Powers now lives. Michael 
Conery preceded Mr. Powers. Mr. Mosher pulled down an old 
house that was built by Abraham Scott, I think, who moved it 
here froni Great Plain. 

MuNSON, Moses, came from Farmington, Conn., in 1784. 
He lived at West Whately. perhaps with his son, Joel, on the 
Haster road. 

MuNSON, Moses, Jr., built a gristmill and house on what 



o 

p 
pd 

o 

r 
> 

CO* 

« 



2! 

n 




105 

is now known as the Daa. Jim Smith place, north of the West 
brook, on land now owned by Asa T. Sanderson, in 1784. He 
sold to Dea. Smith in 1S06. Mr. Munson was also a builder of 
bridges and a general contractor. 

Munson, Reuben, came from Fai-mington, Conn., in 1784. 
He built a house soon after, a little southeast of the southwest 
schoolhouse, where he lived, and died in 1837. After him was 
his son, John Munson, and he was succeeded by his son, Eras- 
tus Smith Munson. The buildings were all burned about 1880. 

Munson, Osee, lived on the place built on Grass Hill road 
about one-third of a mile from Paul W. Field's, about 1800 
by Zenas Field. It was afterwards occupied by Stephen Clark 
and many others, including Lyman B. Abbott. Osee was a 
strong abolitionist and run the underground railway. 

Munson, Joel, was usually called "Silver Joel" to desig- 
nate him from Joel, son of Reuben. He built on the "Easter 
road," so called, leading from Whately center to West Whately 
over Mt. Esther. He had a mill on Poplar Hill brook where he 
turned cider mill screws, some four feet long or more, for press- 
ing the apple pomace, and large blocks called "nuts" to crush 
the apples and a variety of such articles, also plows, etc. 

Munson, John, bought the John Graves place on Grass 
Hill and lived there a number of years, then occupied his father's 
old homestead. I think they manufactured hats for many years 
as I recollect, but which of them I do not recall. 

Munson, Erastus Smith, lived with his father and, after 
the burning of the old homestead, bought the Hiram Smith 
place and built large and commodious barns. When he died 
he left his large estate to his two sons, Lyman A. and 
Herbert S. 

Nash, Joseph, was here sometime before 1783, as at that 
time he was a citizen and elected to a town office. He lived in 
Bradstreet's grant, some twelve orfifteen rods south of the house 
of S. W. Allis. The house has been gone a great many years. 

Nash, Abner, brother of Joseph, came with Joseph. He 
built the house, near Joseph's, which was afterwards owned by 
Joseph Brown, on what is S. W. Allis' land, torn down 
about 1833. 

Nash, Abel Wells, bought the cottage house built for 
Seth Belden, and built the present house on the farm, about 
1855. in the Bradstreet grant. Since his death his son, Charles 
W., has occupied it. 



io6 

Nash, Thomas, came about 1840, furnished the mill 
vacated by Hiram Smith with woolen machinery, and lived in 
the Ashley Smith house. The mill was burned and he returned 
to Williamsburg. 

Nolan, James, bought the place formerly owned by Isaac 
Chapman, about i860. It is probable that Ho.sea Curtis lived 
here prior to living on the Elder Todd place west of Poplar Hill, 
but I am not certain about it. 

Orcutt, Stephen, Jr., by trade a tanner and shoemaker, 
built a house at West brook, just north of the brook, on lot 61, 
first division of Commons, about 1800, better known as the 
Lemuel W' aite place. He was an active business man. 

Orcutt, Eleazer F., a hotel keeper, built ov^r the house 
next north of the hotel, in 1887, making it a beautiful residence. 
He was a man of great abilit}' and died in 1889. The place is 
now occupied by his vvidow and son-in-law, Geo. A. Elder. Esq. 

Pakker, Abraham, built a house on lot 69 or 70, at Can- 
terbury, in 1749. He came from Groton, Mass. He was 
drowned 12 March. 1757, and was succeeded by his energetic 
widow and, when old enough, by his son, Benjamin, his son. 
Captain Asa. and he b> his son, Edwin C. In 1876 or '77 it 
was boui^ht by Otis Hagar and is now owned by his brother, 
Dexter F. Hagar. 

Parker, Abel, a cousin of .\braham, removed to Hawley. 
He built a house which he sold in April. 1775, to Dea. Thomas 
Sanderson, with forty-five acres of land, lot 66, second division 
of Commons. 

Pease, Jabez, came from New York state about 1842 and 
bought the Andrew Scott farm in the Bradstreet grant. The 
house was built in 1823, taking the place of an old one built by 
Joseph Scott and occupied by his sons, Consider, Leonard and 
Andrew. 

Pease, Henry C, bought the farm and house built by 
John Ashcraft in 1863. Edward A. Scott sold to Mr. Pease. 
The farm is part of the Gov. Bradstreet grant. 

Pease, Charles F., bought the John Wood place, for- 
merly owned by Solomon Atkins and Benjamin Scott, Jr., in 
1789. Mr. Pease bought in 1847 and it is now occupied by 
George F. Pease. 

Pease, John H., son of Charles F., bought the place, 
about 1893, that was built by Chester G. Crafts, about 1873. 
This is on lot 37, second division of Commons. 



I07 

Philips, Richard, bought the place in the Straits next 
south of Bartlett's corner, formerly owned by A. N. Claghorn, 
Martin Woods and others too numerous to mention. This, too, 
is in the Bradstreet grant. 

Pe.\se. Solomon, probably lived in the Straits, but soon 
removed to Heath. In 1S03 he built the house torn down by 
John Woods who put up the present house owned by the heirs 
of Charles F. Pease. Phineas Graves bought it. 

Powers, Mokris J., lives on the Jacob Mosher place, 
built in 1S33. The house torn down on this place was removed 
from Great Plain, by Abraham Scott, about 17S5 — the Jonathan 
Edson house. This is in the Rradstreet grant and it was drawn 
not far from three and one-half miles by strings of oxen, by Mr, 
Scott, on the snow. 

Potter, Erastus, bought the place in Hopewell built by 
Reuben Jenney, in 1819, perhaps a few years earlier. It is now 
part of the great farm of S. W. Allis. The house has been 
occupied by many families. 

QuiNN, Edmoxd, came here in iS6[, bought the ganibrel- 
roofud house in the Sti aits and the land, all in the Bradstreet 
grant. The house was built by Benjamin Scott as earl}- as 
1740. .Tiiere have been n.an\- owners. Martin Graves sold it 
in 1788, and Heman Swift, R. T. Mi)rlon an-J others owned it, 
and now the heirs of Edmond Quinn. 

Reed, Simeon, owned the house and lot where David 
Callahan re>ides. There was a small house on the place, con- 
taining one room, pantry and bedroom, when he bought it, in 
1823. He built a nice cottage house. He was a wheelwright 
and had a shop on the place, a progressi\-e man and good 
workman. 

Robinson, Hiram, from Ware, lived on the Quinn place 
and removed to Oliio. 

Rogers, Benjamin, came about 1779 and settled on a 
place in the west part of the town, near the north line on the 
road from "Hard Scrabble," as the .southeast part of Conway 
used to be called, leading to the Baptist meeting-house, and 
probably built there. After his death the place was owned by 
his son, George, and then by his son, Daniel, who died in 18 — . 
George was a shoemaker and tanner and, doubtless, run the 
tannery formerly owned by Paul Belden, after his removal to 
Brookfield, Vt. His son, Daniel, was often called "Pidgeon 
Rogers." 



io8 

KussELL, Charles, came from Hadley. He built about 
1844 the house, later owned by I uther W. Clark, in Canter- 
bury, and now owned bj^ Dr. Charles Shepard, who has remod- 
eled the house, making it one of the prettiest places in town. 

Root, Frederick J., from Westfield, lived on the Ran- 
dall Graves place now owned by his widow, Mary Elizabeth, 
who married Stephen C. Kingsley, 21 Dec, jSqS. They reside 
on the place. 

Richardson, Winslow, came from Bridgewater about 
1778. He is supposed to have lived on and owned the farm 
where tradition says Hosea Curtis lived, east of the Baptist 
meeting-house, where afterwards Isaac Chapman lived. It is 
now^ owned by James Nolan. 

Rosevelt, Jacob, one of the Hessian soldiers under Bur- 
goyne, lived in the house opposite Bartlett's corner. He was a 
wheelwright and carried on his business there. 

Sanderson, Joseph, came from Groton, in 1751, and set- 
tled in Canterbury, just south of his townsman, Abraham 
Parker. His first house was built just north of William H. 
Fuller's, for the sake of protection as isolated houses were lia- 
ble to attacks by strolling parties of Indians. Later he built 
farther south, where the house of Rodolphus Sanderson was 
burned a few years ago (1885). After his death, in 1772, he 
was succeeded b}" his son, Dea. Thomas, and he by his son, 
Maj. Thomas, and he by his sons, John C. and Rodolphus 
Sanderson, and John C. by his son, Edward C. Then by Mrs. 
Jenny Sanderson, widow of Edward A. Scott and her son, and 
Rodolphus was succeeded by Thomas Sanderson. The old 
farm is now held by Mrs. Scott and son, Herbert B. 

Sanderson, JDea. Thomas, owned a great amount of real 
estate, more than any other man in Whately. He bought the 
Taylor property on Indian Hill, then in Deerfield, annexed to 
Whately in 1810. This he left to his sons, Silas and EU, while 
Maj. Thomas remained on the Canterbur}'' estate. His son, 
Elijah, built in Canterbury, and Asa, Alvin and Chester re- 
moved to Ashfield. All of them were prominent men. Alvin 
died unmarried, was a clergyman, and founder of Sanderson 
academy at Ashfield. 

Sanderson, Elijah, son of Dea Thomas, built in 1805 or 
'06, the house since occupied by his son, Elijah Dwight Sander- 
son, and now owned by Walter W. Sanderson. He was a pro- 
gressive and thrifty farmer. 



log 

Sanderson, Isaac, son of Joseph, built a house in West 
Whately, west of the northwest schoolhouse. He w^as a cooper 
by trade, and built in 17S2 or '83, and the old house has been 
torn down. His sons, xA.llen and Horace, lived with him. 
Allen removed to Ohio and Horace died in 1S52, and the land, 
part of lots 37, 38 and 39, was added to the farm of Mr. Harvey. 
So another farm was wiped out. 

Sanderson, Asa, (a seventh son) widely known as "Doc- 
tor Asa," was a tanner and shoemaker. He bought the farm 
of Noah Field, 17 Feb., 17S0, which was parts of lots 37, 38 
and 39, lying on the west side of Poplar Hill road. The house 
was built by Xoah Field in 1773. A front house was built by 
Dr. Sanderson about the time of Asa, Jr.'s, marriage in 1S19. 
Now owned bv his grandson, Asa T. Sanderson. 

Sanderson, Rufus. bought the farm where Peter Train 
settled and built the present house in 176 1. After Peter died, 
his son, Oliver Train, lived there until Rufus bought it and it is 
now owned by Rufus D. Sanderson of Springfield. 

Sanderson, Moses M., bought a portion of the farm of 
his father, Rufus, and built on the east side of Poplar Hill road 
opposite of his father's, in 1S52, where he has since lived. His 
brother, Charles S., took a portion of the old farm and built a 
house just south of his father's, about 1S60, on the west side of 
the road. 

Sanderson, Samuel, lived on the road leading to Grass 
Hill, where Moses Hill built, about 18 10. His son, Edward E., 
built a new house on the new road to Williamsburg, about 1S65, 
and tore down the old house. 

Sanderson, John Chapman, built the house just north 
of his great-grandfather, Joseph's, house, but on part of the 
farm. The date is unknown to me. His daughter, Mrs. E. A. 
Scott, and her son. Herbert, now live on the place. 

Sanderson, Lyman M., son of Moses M., bought the 
house and land where Ralph Warner built, just north of the 
Elder Goodnough place, on the west side of Poplar Hill road, 
just above the Baptist meeting-house, probably on lot 41, fourth 
division of Commons. 

Sanderson, Thomas, was a son of John C. After the 
house burned on the site of Joseph Sanderson's house, he sold 
the farm and purchased the Leonard Loomis property on Chest- 
nut Plain street. It has been owned since 1896 by Hon. T. P. 
Brown of Toledo, O., and is nicely arranged for a summer 
residence. 



no 

Sanderson. Eli, built a house on Indian Hill west of his 
father's, about 1816, since owned by his sons, Asahel and Eli 
Wilson Sanderson, Eleazer Judd and Charles A. Sanderson. It 
was burned about 1SS5. 

Sanderson, Silas, lived with his father and succeeded 
him on the homestead, after dividing with his brother, Eli. 
The place was next owned by his son, Elon C, and now by his 
son. George E., who has recently remodeled the large house, 
making it a splendid residence. 

Sartwell, Nathaniel, from Charlestown, X. H., built 
or owned a house in Canterbury, in 1758, probably near the 
houses of Joseph Sanderson and Philip Smith, as the three peti- 
tioned the General Court that they might be released from pay- 
ing a minister and school taxes in Hatfield, as they we^e li\dng 
within a mile of Sunderland where they attended church and 
their children went to school. As the distance was fully five 
miles to Hatfield, this was granted, but he removed later. 

Scott, Josiah Sr., was born in Hatfield in 1671. and 
probably settled on the Bradstreet farm as earty as 1730, or 
earlier, as at that time he had the road that was voted to be laid 
16 May, 1718, from the upper end of the lower mile, three rods 
wide, to Deerfield road. He afterwards had it changed to run 
further south, and he was to keep a good gate at the west end. 
So, from all the evidence, I think that he lived where now is 
the house of Charles F. Pease. When he was an old man he 
lived on the north plain yet on the Bradstreet farm. He deeded 
the northernmost lot in Bradstreet's to his son, Josiah Scott, 
Jr., "With all of the buildings where I now live," in 1745. 

Scott, Benjamin, son of Josiah, Sr., born 1708, lived 
in Whately and died there i Aug., 1782, at 74 years of age. 
He doubtless lived where now is the Quinn house which was 
built as early as 1740 to '45. In the time of the Revolutionary 
war he was often called on by the town for loans of silver money 
to keep up the quota of men in the army. He lived in a house 
that Benjamin Coole}' tore down when he built the present 
structure. 

Scott, Benjamin, Jr., lived where is now the house of 
Dennis Hayes. He was an ardent patriot, and he and his father 
loaned silver money to the town to procure substitutes for the 
army in the Revolutionary war. His land was in the Bradstreet 
grant. Seth Belden lived on the place awhile, also several 
others. Perhaps Mr. Scott built the original house. Benjamin 



rrr 

Cooley was brought up by Mr. Scott, and doubtless the latter 
gave or sold the farm of twenty acres to him about 1798. 

Scott, Joseph, (3) Joseph, (2) William, (i) bom at 
Hatfield in [722, was a brother of Master Da\'id Scott. He set- 
tled first on the Deerfield road on a lot that is now the northern 
lot in Hatfield, some twenty-five rods south of where the 
"Mother George'" road unites with the Deerfield road. He 
lived there until about 1758 or '60, then removed to the Straits, 
a mile and one-half north on the same road, and built a house 
on the farm now owned by Fred A. Hawley. The old house 
was replaced by the present structure, erected by Mr. Jabez 
Pease in 1S42. The place where Mr. Scott first settled is known 
as the Elijah Belden place, on the west side of Deerfield road, 
directly east of the R. M. Swift farm, whose land abuts. The 
old house was pulled down about 1830 and Belden built in 
Hopewell. Joseph, 3d, was followed by his son, Joseph, 4th, and 
by his grandsons. Consider, Lamed and Andrew, the tinners, 
who sold to Jabez Pease. The tin shop has been gone many 
years. They manufactured the ware and then, with two-horse 
teams, transported it to Maryland and Virginia. Consider died 
in Virginia, when on one of his trips, in 1815. 

Scott, Joseph, Jr., lived in the house on the farm where 
F. A. Hawley now lives, before 1785. He and his sons carried 
on the tinning business at that place a number of years. 

Scott, Dayid, or as usually called, "Master" Scott, was 
a carpenter, born in Hatfield in 1777. He settled early — about 
1750 to '51 — on the North Plain. He bought the house of 
Lieut. Ebenezer Bardwell. Mr. Bardwell then built another 
house on Chestnut Plain street, or where it ran to avoid the 
wet, mucky land from Benoni Crafts' house to where Noah 
Wells lived, near Randall Graves' place. This house "Master" 
Scott also bought, after Bardwell's death, 7 April, 1812, and 
then subsequently built on his lot. No. 68, second division of 
Commons, on the east side of Chestnut Plain street. He was a 
great hunter. He was succeeded by his son. Lieut. Abel, then 
his son, Abel, then his son, Ambrose, and now his sons, Frank 
O. and Lewis, live on the old farm. 

Scott, Selah, built a house on the north part of his 
father's farm about 1783. He died in [826 and his son, Hor- 
ace, and his son, Luther G., followed, and now Lewis A. Scott 
lives there. 

Scott, Abraham, lived on the place where Jacob Mosher 



112 

lived. He moved the house that he bought on Great Plain, 
built by Jonathan Edson. It was moved on shoes, by strings of 
oxen, three and one-half miles, when the snow was just right. 
The house was quite long, but only one story and he cut it in 
halves to move. This was pulled down when the present cot- 
tage was built, in 1845, in Bradstreet's grant, on the east side of 
the road. 

Scott, Isr.iel, a blacksmith, lived in the Straits, on the 
^Captain W'illiam Fa}' place. The bulk of this was in the Brad- 
street grant. 

Shattuck, Captain Oliver, a Revolutionary ofBcer, 
owned the Ebenezer Barnard place in 1774. He sold to Bar- 
nard in 17S7 and removed to Hawley. I do not know who 
built the house, but hardly think it was Capt. Shattuck. He 
died 27 Aug., 1797. 

Seymour, Rev. Charles N., came from Hartford, Conn., 
and settled over the Congregational church in Whately. He 
was installed 9 March, 1853, dismissed 27 April, 1859. During 
his stay in town he made many friends among people of liberal 
thought, but rather antagonized the over-zealous. 

Seymour, Dr. James Dwight, came to Whately in 1878 
and resided first in the Ferguson house, but has since bought 
the house built by John Lyman Morton in 1842, on the west 
side of Chestnut Plain street. He has a beautiful cottage house. 

Smith, Elisha, was one of the original settlers in the 
Straits, and was uniformly called "Goodman Smith." He 
came in 1732, perhaps earlier. He built near w^here his de- 
scendant, Israel S. Smith, now lives. It was in the Bradstreet 
grant, on the west side of the Straits. After him his son, Gad 
Smith, not only run the farm, but kept a hotel and store, 
and slaughtered beef which he sent to the West Indies. In his 
old age he sold out to David Stockbridge, and Chester Stock- 
bridge lived there many years. The house, or a portion of it, 
was sold to E. H. Woods and constitutes a good share of the 
Woods house, near the railroad station. 

Smith, Philip, son of Elisha, built the old house where 
William Cutler Smith now lives. He was succeeded by Beza- 
liel and then his son, Osee, and then William Cutler Smith, who 
built the present house about 1867. 

Smith, Paul, son of Elisha, built the house on Grass Hill 
about 1760. The house and farm was afterwards occupied by 
his son. Capt. Rufus Smith. After that the house was removed 



113 

to James Factory and owned some years by Calvin Knig'.ts n: d 
then purchased by C. H. Field. It is claimed that the; e wtie 
twenty-five children born to Paul and Rufus in the eld !:• v.^e ; 
that not a room was plastered ; that they brought the \.:.Ler in 
barrels some thirty rods, and that they went into their upper 
rooms on a ladder. This house was deserted in iSjS by the 
Smiths, who bought the AUis place of David Morton. 

Smith, Jonathan, built west of Mt. Esther, where h's 
son, Seth, afterwards Hved. He bought lot No. 52, fourth di\:- 
sion of Commons. 13 Aug., 17S9. The house was torn down 
and removed about 1858. 

Smith, Silas, lived west of Poplar Hill on the place after- 
wards known as the Elder Todd place. Mr. Smith built as 
early as 1770, probably earlier. He afterwards lived on Poplar 
Hill, just south of the Consider Waite place. After him came 
Anthony Waite and then Emmons Meekins. 

Smith, Benjamin, Esq., was a justice of the peace and 
quite a prominent man in town. I have never known where he 
lived, but think about 1775 he occupied a large house, (painted 
red) on the east side of the Straits, which was long kept as a 
hotel. Old Mrs. Samuel Bartlett. who was a daughter of Gad 
Smith, (his brother) said that at one time several officers of the 
British navy or army, who were prisoners in the time of the 
Revolution, were quartered "In a large red house that was 
formerly a hotel," and that one of them put his name on a pane 
of ^lass ^A-ith a diamond, and that she had often seen it when a 
small girl. Mrs. Bartlett was born in 1790. She said she did 
not know who kept the hotel, nor could she tell where Esquire 
Smith lived. When she was married, in iSio, there were three 
hotels in the Straits, and her father. Gad Smith, Joel Waite and 
David Stockbridge were the proprietors. 

Smith, Asa, son of Philip, born in 1770, was a carpenter. 
He bought of Rev. Rufus Wells, in 1S26, lot Xo. 28. second 
divisionof Commons, on the east side of Chestnut Plain street, 
at the mouth of the "Mother George" road, that was on >the 
north side of this lot, but then unused for travel. The house 
was not finished until purchased by Eurotus Morton. He sold 
to Rev. John Ferguson and it has since been owned by G. W. 
Reed, and now b}- Henry A. Brown. 

Smith, Elijah, bought 19 Jan., 179S, of Martin Graves, 
the gambrel-roofed house on the east side of the Straits, all in 
the Bradstreet grant. This was built by Benjamin Scott, Sr., very 



114 

early, possibl}- as soon as 1735 to '40, thus making it the oldest 
house in town, except a portion of the David Graves house now 
owned by Wells T. Smith. The house and farm is now owned 
by the Quinn family. The farm contained thirty-seven and one- 
half acres, all tillage land. 

Smith, Dea. Jaimes, came in 1806. He bought the mills 
and house of Isloses Munson, Jr. There were some ten or 
twelve acres of land. The gristmill was run until about 1830, 
and then changed into a factory for making bits, saw-sets, 
gimlets, and other products. The last miller that I recall was 
Caleb Beals. The place was afterwards owned by his son, 
Justin R. Smith, and now it is owned by Asa T. Sanderson. 

Smith, Henry, son of Capt. Rufus, lived on and owned 
the Daniel Allis farm. Who built the house I have no positive 
information, but it is probable that it was Daniel Allis, as he 
was on the farm as early as 1782. 

Smith, Hiram, son of Capt. Rufus, bought the Phineas 
Frary place. The old house was removed and the present cot- 
tage house built by Mr. Smith about 1840. It is now owned by 
Lyman A. and Herbert S. Monson. 

Smith, Ashley, son of Capt. Rufus, built the house oppo- 
site the northwest schoolhouse about 1827, now owned by E. 
A. Jenney's heirs. 

Smith, Isaac, son of Esquire Benjamin, built a two-stor}' 
house on land south of Stephen Belden's in the Straits, in the 
Gov. Bradstreet grant, about 1795. This house had several 
occupants, among them being Joseph Brown. It passed into 
the hands of David Stockbridge, Esq., and when he built his 
new hotel on the River road, he moved this house there and it 
is the ell part of that house, and now owned by Frank B. Mor- 
ton's heirs. 

Smith, Jonathan, Jr., lived near his father's, perhaps in 
the Frary house. 

Smith, David, probably built a house, but I have no defi- 
nite information concerning it. His widow, Betsey, I well 
recollect. She lived near Esquire Seth Smith's. 

Smith, Roswell, son of Esquire Benjamin, married Mary 
Pratt of Deerfield. Their son, Elihu, married Anna Belden of 
Whately and removed to Hadley. 

Taylor, Lieut. Adonijah, bought about 200 acres of 
land and built a house and mills, on Indian Hill, in 1760. His 
purchase included the famous "Whately Glen." He sold to 



115 

Dea. Thomas Sanderson and removed to Hawley. The farm is 
still owned by the great-grandsons, Charles A. and George E. — 
the latter owns the bulk of it. 

Train, Peter, from Watertown, Mass., built the house 
generally known as the Rufus Sanderson place, on Poplar Hill, 
road, about 1761 or '62, afterwards owned by his son, Oliver, 
and after his death, in 1820, by different ones, including Rufus 
Sanderson, and it is now owmed by Rufus D, Sanderson. 

Train, Roswell, a blacksmith, built on a portion of the 
old farm, about 1829, since owned by his son, Horace. 

Todd, Rev. Asa, bought the farm of Silas Smith. This 
was purchased for him by a committee of the new Baptist 
church, \dz. : John Brown, Isaiah Brown, John Graves and Joel 
Waite of Whately, Jesse Warner and Elisha Smith of Conway, 
18 Oct., 1790. It was sold 15 April, 1803, to Zebulon Robinson 
of Chesterfield, for ^450, or more likely, dollars. The house 
has long since been gone. 

An extract from the will of John Waite, dated 21 March, 
1743, gives his son, John Waite, Jr., who settled in the Straits, 
"My fift>'-acre lot, right in the Bradstreet grant, bought of 
Zachariah Field, with edifices thereon, near the west end of the 
lot, whereon be now dwells, and /^i5o in bills of the old tenor, 
besides what I have heretofore given him." The Waite house 
was on the west side of the Straits road, and was also in the 
Bradstreet grant, but within about forty rods of the west bound- 
ary. The fifty acres given by the will were all east of the road 
and extend east to the river. The subsequent owners have 
been his son, Joel, widely known as "Landlord Waite," as he 
kept a hotel here for many years, next by his son, John, usually 
called "Little Johnnie Waite," Rufus Smith, Emerson C. War- 
ner, and in 1899 it was bought by Charles H, Pease. 

Waite, Dea. Simeon, built in 1760, on lot 37, second 
division of Commons, in Christian lane, sold to Abial Bragg 115 
acres in 1776, and Mr. Bragg sold in 1787 to Dr. Benjamin 
Dickinson, and then to Jonathan Colton Loomis and it is now 
owned by his son, Calvin S. Loomis. The land consisted of 
parts of lots 37, 2)^^ and 39, on the north side and parts of lots 
36, 35 and 34, south of Christian lane road. For further par- 
ticulars see account of Abial Bragg's sales. 

Waite, Elihu, built on one of the lots owned by him. 
He owned the west end of lots 66, 67, 68 and 69, fourth division 
of Commons, extending from Todd brook to Williamsburg line. 



ii6 

The iiouse, Iniilt about 177S, is probably on lot No. 66. There 
v/as a log house on the lots formerly owned b}- Isaac Marsh, 
generally known as "Cider Marsh," as he had an awful capacity 
for cider. It is related that cider distillers used to call their 
•30-liarrel tanks "Marsh's tumblers," and they said that he 
could at a single trial settle the fluid about a foot at a draught. 
What became of Marsh, or why he built on those lots I do not 
know. 

Waite, Consider, brother of Elihu, built on parts of lots 
66. 67. 6S and 69, abutting abreast the east end of Elihu's lots, 
and extending east half a mile or thereabouts. It seems that 
these lots were owned before this by Elisha Waite, of Hatfield, 
and l>y him deeded to these parties — Elihu and Consider. He 
built on lot ()7, probably earlier than 177S. The succeeding 
occupants are unknown, except his son, Capt. Enos, or John 
Waite. 

Waite. Jonathan, brother of Elihu and Consider, was a 
clothier. He lived some years where Mrs. Sumner Smith re- 
sides. Then he bought a house in Conway and removed to the 
north part of Grass Hill, now occupied by his granddaughter, 
]Mrs. Oscar \^'. Grant. 

\^'aite. Alpha, son of .Jonathan, built a house north of 
his father's. Since his death it has been occupied by his 
widow. His son died in the army. 

Waite, Thomas, son of Nathan, built the house now 
occupied by his nephew, John Edward Waite, about 1822, 
where he died. 

"Waite, Jeremiah, built the house on the crossroad from 
Claverack. about 18 15, now owned b}' Thomas Fleming. 

Waite, Chester K., built the house sold to Eli Jones, 
under Shingle Hill. 

Waite, Jeremiah, Sr., with his father, Nathan, then an 
eld man. came to Whately in 1782 or '83, and bought a house 
r:nd land on Shingle Hill. Later, (in 1793) they bought the 
] lace at West Whately since occupied b}- Nathan, son of Jere- 
!:iiah. then by John Bement, son of Nathan, and now by Willis 
F. Waite. The father of Jeremiah died here in 17SS, aged 87 
years, thus making six generations, counting the child of 
Willis F. This was probably on lot No. 18, fourth division of 
Comr.icns, on the road leading to Grass Hill, although there 
migr.t have been more than one lot. 

Waite, John Jr., built the Moses Graves house, about 



117 

rjTO or 'jr, ou the north side of Christian lane, on lot 37, second 
division of Commons. It has since been owned b)' Moses 
Graves, his son, Lucius, and now by Fred L. Graves. 

Waite. Joel, built on the site of an old house erected 
by Joseph Belden, which he tore down, and built the new one in 
1830. This is near the Stockbridge hotel and was in the Brad- 
street grant. 

Waite, Calvin, son of Elihu, built a house near his fath- 
er's, in 18 ro or ' 1 1, on the Dn,' Hill road, now owned by E. A. 
Warner. 

Waite, Justin, built a house near the mill, about 1854, 
now owned by Samuel Wilder who also owns the mill. 

Warner, Luther, built the house and mill on the new 
road up the W^est brook, about 1828 or '30. It is now owned 
by Charles A. Covill. 

Warner, Ralph, built a house on Poplar Hill road, or, 
perhaps, bought the house built by Capt. Seth Bardwell, now 
owned by Lyman M. Sanderson. 

Warner, Foster, Y., built a fine house on Mill Hill, 
where he lived and died. After his death his widow resided 
there until she died, in 189S. He also built a cottage house, 
which was aften\'ards occupied by his son, Emerson C. 

Wells, Noah, came to Whately in 1758 and built a house 
on the west side of Chestnut Plain street, about fifteen rods 
south ot the house of the late Wells Dickinson. It was torn 
down a great many years ago. He was succeeded by his son, 
Lemuel, and for a time by Israel Wells. 

Wells, Perez, built a house on lot 13, second division of 
Commons. This was torn down after his decease in 1852, and a 
new house was built in 1854 by his son, Lewis Wells. After him 
his son, Isaac N., lived there, then W, N. Beals, then Warren 
E. Wells, and now owned by Patrick Conolly. 

Wells, Israel, built the hou.se next north of Ashley G. 
Dickinson's, on the west side of Chestnut Plain street, now owned 
by David Callahan. 

Wells, Calvin, bought the Capt. Salmon Graves place, 
in Chestnut Plain street, after 1826, probably in 1827. This has 
since been occupied by his son. Porter Wells, and now by his 
son, David P. Wells. 

Wells, Perez Milton, built a house on Mill Hill be- 
tween the houses of E. C. Warner and Francis G. Bardwell. 

Wells, Rev. Rufus, built his house in 1772, on the west 



ii8 

side of Chestnut Plain street, on lot 28, fourth division of Com- 
mons. Since occupied b}' his son, Capt. Luke Wells, then 
opened for a hotel and so used for quite a number of )"?ars. It 
was then occupied by Dr. Chester Bardwell, after^vards burned. 
Then a new house was built on the site by Ernest A. AUis, and 
since he died it has been occupied by a family from Boston by 
the name of Clapp. Mr. Wells commenced to build his house 
early after his settlement. The cellar was dug and stoned up 
in 1772, as Dea. Thomas Sanderson'.^ books show, dated May, 
1772 : "To Avork digging the cellar and drawing stone for the 
same by myself and brothers, Asa and John, eighteen days with 
team." After the house was completed his mother, Sarah 
Wells, lived with him until she died, in 17S3, and kept his 
house until he was married. 

Wells. Elisha, son of Noah, built a house on Dn,' Hill 
road, south of Elihu Waite's, just before descending the hill to 
the Dexter Morton sawmill on West brook. The old well was- 
in existence as late as 1S80. He removed to Hawley where 
he died. 

White, Capt. Salmon, settled in Whately in 1762, and 
built a house on the west side of Chestnut Plain street, probably 
on lot No. 13 or 14, fourth division of Commons. He was very 
prominent in all town affairs, and died in 1815. After his de- 
cease his son, John, succeeded him, then Luke B., then Henry 
K., and the place is now occupied by Mrs. Henry K. White. 

White, Salmon. Jr.. built opposite, on the east side of 
Chestnut Plain street, in the second division of Commons, about 
1785 or 1786. He died in 1822, and was succeeded by Dea. 
Justus, and he by Dea. John White, and he by Salmon P. 
White, and it is now owned by Cornelia M. White. 

White, Samuel B., son of Esquire John, built the house 
now owned b}' John W. Beers, and his son. Arthur H., also the 
house owned by Dea. Meekins. He kept a store in a portion of 
the house. The house was remodeled by Rev. John W. Lane. 

White, John M., son of Luke B., now owns the house 
formerly owned by William H. Fuller at Canterbury. He has 
a beautiful home. 

Wilcox, Luther S., a carpenter, built a house opposite 
Bartlett's corner, on the road to the railroad station, in 1858. 
He afterwards rebuilt the house owned by William Bardwell, in 
1883, where he died. I^he previous occupants were Dea. David 
Saunders, Widow Phelps and her son, Edward. The first 
house was built by Landlord Joel Waite, in 1809. 



119 

I 

Wilder, Dea. Samuel, a miller and dealer in flour, 
grain, etc., came to Whately about 1S82 to '83. He bought the 
mills of the Wells brothers — Charles and Perez M. — also the 
house and land of Justin Waite's estate, and in company with 
his son, Henry A., does a large business. 

WiNCHELL, Reuben, built the brick house now owned by 
the Donovan brothers, about iSio. It has since been owned by 
Mr. Bates and Eurotus Dickinson. 

Woods, William and Josiah, about 1S40 built the house 
now owned by Aaron E. Waite, in the Straits. 

Woods, Ellipaz H., built the house where he lived at 
East Whately, in 1850. or he bought the old Gad Smith house, 
or the upright portion of it, and moved it and built the ell part, 
barns, etc., now owned by his daughter, Mrs. Sarah E. Morton. 
The house is on lot 36, second division of Commons. 

Woods, John, built the house now^ owned by the heirs of 
Charles F. Pease, in the Straits, tearing down the old house in 
1S47, 3-11 i" the Rradstreet grant. Probably the first house was 
built by Josiah Scott, Sr., about 1728, perhaps earlier by ten 
years. 

Woods, Sa^iuel A., built his houce about 1S70, on lot ^6, 
second division of Commons. George E. Woods also built a 
house on the same lot. This last is now owned by the heirs of 
Samuel W. Steadman. 



CHAPTER VII. 

WHATELY EARLY SETTLERS. 

The preceding pages indicate whence many of the first 
settlers on our territory' came. Other early settlers, as Parker, 
Sanderson, Shattuck and Sartle came from Groton, Mass., and 
vicinit}'. The families of Train, Bragg and Carley were from 
Watertown and came through Marlboro, Shrewsbury and 
Petersham. Edward Brown was from Colchester, Ct. The 
later settlers as Edson, Carey, Snow, Faxon, Byram, Richard- 
son and, perhaps. Turner and Allen, were from Bridgewater, 
Mass., and vicinity. Jonathan Edson came by way of Stafford, 
Conn., and Ashfield. These Bridgewater families were all con- 
nected b}' marriage, and most of them, as also Carley, from 
Petersham, became acquainted with the valley while marching 
to and fro as soldiers during the French war. 

The line of forts, including Fort Dummer, already named, 
Fort Shirley in Heath, Fort Pelham in Rowe, Fort Massachu- 
setts at East Hoosac, (now Adams) and some minor works 
established in 1744 and '45, formed a barrier against the Indians 
and gave a sense of security to the settlers in this part of the 
valley. But the struggle between England and France for the 
possession of Canada and the line of lakes westward to the 
Mississippi — in which Hampshire county (then covering the 
entire western part of the State) from its frontier position, would 
naturally become involved — kept up the war spirit and drew oflf 
many of the young men, who were thus subtracted from the 
labor and productive efiBciency of the settlement, just when such 
labor and productive efficiency were most needed. Many of 



121 

these young men were slain or disabled, while others acquired 
habits which unfitted them for the patient toil and economy- 
necessary to success in an agricultural community. 

Land was plenty. The Hatfield emigrants had, either in 
their own right or by inheritance, their lots in the fourth divi- 
sion of Commons, in the three-mile addition and in the Hatfield 
equivalent. Several of them, as has been stated, were proprie- 
tors in the Bradstreet farm. Land was cheap, and many lots in 
the Commons hereabouts had been forfeited by neglect to fence 
or refusal to pay rates and charges and could be had of the 
town for the asking, or bought for seven shillings, six pence per 
acre. The price of an acre of land and a pair of shoes was the 
same for a number of years, from 1765 to '80. It would be in- 
teresting to give the exact location and boundaries of the farms, 
as first taken up. 

Farming, to all except those who owned river lots, was 
more laborious than they liad been accustomed to in Hatfield. 
Their fields were smaller and harder to break up and till, and 
the yield of grain less. But ia the matter of pasturage they 
were gainers. The hillsides, especially where the numerous 
springs coursed their way down, afforded the sweetest feed, both 
early and late, and they seem to have depended largely upon 
stock raising, as will appear from the large number of cows and 
sheep found in 1771. 

But they met serious inconveniences and drawbacks, espe- 
cially those living on Chestnut Plain, and west of Mount Esther. 
The highways had not been worked nor the bridges built. Mill 
river and West brook could be crossed only at the fording 
places. The only traveled way to Hatfield village was over 
"The island," by way of "Mother George." They had no 
school privileges for their children. The nearest corn mill was 
five miles distant. 

But the evil which they felt most deeply was the distance 
from Sabbath ordinances. The Sabbath was a sacred day then, 
and it was believed to be a duty to go to meeting on the Sab- 
bath, and children, as well as parents, were expected to regu- 
larly attend church. The common means of conveyance then 
was on horseback, and this continued to be the ordinary mode 
of traveling till 18 10 or later. The usual charge for a horse and 
saddle from Whately to Hatfield was, for a man, nine pence, for 
a woman, eight pence. When a man took his wife on the pil- 
lion behind him, the charge was ten pence. They might have 



• 122 

rode in ox carts, but oxen were "cattle," specified in the com- 
mandment, and the Sabbath was as sacred to them as to their 
owners. 

With the muhiplied churches (then called meeting-houses) 
and multiplied means of conveyance, and changed habits of 
thought of the present, it is difficult for us to realize the state 
of things at that day. Probable the change of sentiment is as 
great as the change of circumstances. The Sabbath morning, in 
this remote settlement, dawned on a quiet, altogether peculiar. 
Secular labor had been carefully finished, in-doors and out, at 
sunset the preceding evening. All were required to rise early, 
that the necessary chores might be seasonably done. The cattle 
seemed to understand that their day of rest had come. Even 
the dog kept the reckoning correctly. 

It is still a tradition in the family, that Deacon Sanderson's 
dog, "Cudjoe," was never known to leave his place under the 
table on the Sabbath, unless specially called. The baked 
beans were in the oven, still warm, and ready for both the 
morning and evening meal. The good wife had her hands full 
to get all the children and herself ready, and stir up the Indian 
pudding for the noon lunch. [The uniform custom was to mix 
up a pudding, put it in a bag or pudding pot, which could be 
stowed in the saddlebags or slung to the saddle. When they 
got to Hatfield street, which was always early, they stopped at 
one of their cousin's or nephew's houses, when the pudding was 
put in the family pot, and was found ready boiled when meeting 
was out at noon.] 

The five or six miles to be traveled required an early start, 
and each Sabbath during the warm season witnessed nearly the 
same scene. For a time Noah Wells was the farthest from 
meeting. Himself and wife and the two youngest children 
mounted the old horse, the six older children had started ahead 
on foot; next Master Scott, his wife and ten children, joined 
successively by Benoni Crafts and his family of six, by Thomas 
Crafts and his family of ten, by Daniel Morton and his family 
of ten, by Oliver Graves and his family of eleven, by Oliver 
Morton and his family of seven, bj' Deacon Dickinson and his 
family of eight. These formed a goodly cavalcade as they left 
the street, at the point where afterwards the first meeting-house 
was built, to go over the fording place, and down through 
"Egypt." All were clad in homespun, yet were as proud of 
their clean linen, felt hats and high crowned bonnets as the city 



123 

belle of her silks and satins, for pride has nothing to do with the 
quality or cut of the cloth one wears. 

The boys and girls were bare-footed, carrying their shoes 
in their hands, to be put on when they reached the pine grove, 
a half mile this side of Hatfield meeting-house, and worn till 
they should reach the same grove on their return. Each recur- 
ring Sabbath morning witnessed this — a strange sight to us, and 
yet, as seen then, it had nothing about it remarkable, nothing 
offensive to good taste and propriety, nothing inconsistent with 
self-respect and competence, nothing derogatory to the purest 
and noblest type of girlhood and boyhood, womanhood and 
manhood, nothing but what God approved and smiled lipon. 

It had its personal discomforts and petty trials; it was a 
long "Sabbath day's journey," but all this was anticipated. 
And their love for the sanctuar>' and the hope of better days, 
when they should have their own meeting-house and minister, 
kept them in good heart. Neither in this matter nor in the 
inconveniences of ever%'-day life, did they show disappointment 
or indulge regrets. They had chosen their home and had 
settled here to stay, and at once set about securing the means 
of comfort and independence. 

Beyond the prime necessities of food, clothing and shelter, 
the wants of daily life are affected very much by contrast and 
comparison. Envy springs from disparity of condition. Repin- 
ing as often follows the bettered lot of another as the straitened 
lot of ourselves; and as all here had so many wants in common, 
for a time all appear to have been substantially contented. In 
their circumscribed sphere they found solid comfort, and were 
as independent as we are. Most of the men could fell the for- 
ests, rift the timber for clapboards, fit a frame, mend a cart and 
hoop a barrel. Most of the women were skilled in all the mys- 
teries of preparing flax and wool for cloth, in weaving and in 
cutting and making clothing. 

David Scott, Sr., appears to have been the first professed 
carpenter in the place. But he laid out his work by the "Try 
rule," or the rule of six, eight and ten, i. e., the sills, posts and 
beams were framed and tried, and the braces were laid on to 
mark their bevels and length. Master Scott's prime precept 
was, "Make great mortises and 'leetle' tenons, and your work 
will go together charming easy ! ' ' He, as well as his son, Abel, 
made plows, ox yokes, carts, etc. Thomas and Benoni Crafts 
did most of the coopering. 



124 

As a part of the design of this book is to preserve a record 
of the manners and cusioms of our fathers, and as the genera- 
tion that saw these early homes is now so nearly gone — with 
whom will perish the first-hand knowledge — it will not be out of 
place here to draw a rough sketch of one of those houses and 
the family within. Perhaps our grandchildren may be inter- 
ested in looking at it. As we open the outside door we are 
confronted by a large pile of fiat stones, carefully laid, which 
runs up slightly tapering to and through the roof and which we 
shall presently learn is the end of the fireplace and chimney. 
Beside this stands a ladder, or rough stairway, leading into the 
open attic. The next and only remaining door leads directly 
into the large living room, which is both kitchen, sitting room 
and parlor. We notice that the walls and ceiling of this room 
are not plastered and the bare timbers are not very smoothly 
hewed. But what strikes us most forcibly is the fireplace, or 
inside of that huge pile of stones which takes up not less than 
half the end of the room, and into which we can walk without 
much stooping. Inside the jambs stands the ' 'settle, ' ' on which 
five persons can comfortably sit. Inside the settle stands the 
"dye pot." Down from the cavernous chimney hang the hooks 
and trammels on which the big iron pot is suspended, and handy 
by hangs the flip iron. In the comer of the room opposite the 
fireplace is the bed, with its white linen, or dingy tow sheets 
and pillow-biers, and its striped outside blanket, and under it 
the trundle-bed. In the next corner stands the cupboard, with 
Its wooden and pewter sets neatly arranged. Near by are the 
"swifts" and the "great wheel," if it is autumn, or the "little 
wheel," if it is spring. Then there is the pine table in its place, 
the four-legged stools, the flag-bottomed, high-backed chairs 
and the cradle. Under the looking-glass is a small stand on 
which lies the family Bible. The catechism and hymn book, if 
our call is at the deacon's house, are put in one corner of the 
cupboard. On a pair of deer's horns are suspended the gun, 
powderhom and ball-pouch. Overhead are poles laid on hooks 
for drj'ing pumpkins or herbs and airing clothes. The family 
chest is at the foot of the bed. On two nails driven into the 
plate over the fireplace is laid a birch rod about three feet long, 
the use of which the children then perfectly understood, but 
which is now among the lost arts. 

As we met the boy nearest ten years old, just starting for 
the mill, with two bags of grain on the old horse, and himself 



125- 

perched.on tlie top of the bags, and saw the father and older 
boys at work with. the oxen, we find only the mother and the: 
girlsand the- younger children at home. If it is-early morning, 
we find them in their woolen short gowns and busy at work-; 
perhaps- it is dain' work, perhaps common housework, perhaps- 
getting, on the great pot for dinner, for the pudding needs .three- 
good hours' boiling. \'er}' likely the mother is carding wool, 
or tow, or perhaps she is spinning on the great wheel if it is-j 
wool. or tow, on the little wheel if it is flax. Or. perhaps, from, 
a-peculiar thwacking noise, we know she is working at the loom- 
overhead. 

If we stop to dinner, as we had better do if invited, we shall 
have a; most savory platter of "boiled victuals," corned beef, 
and pork, with turnips, green corn and beans, and a full-sized. 
Indian pudding. The pudding will be served first, or rather 
we shall becalled upon "To help ourselves," as they all do. A^ 
mug of' homemade beer is ready to go from mouth to mouth, as. 
required, and the "tapster," the boy who got up last in the 
morning, is- ready to fill it up again when empty. 

If. our call is made of a winter's evening, even if we ga- 
early, there will be a roaring fire, for the evening backlog is 
always of extra size, as the boys don't want to put in a new one 
before going to bed and all want a good bed of coals when they 
get up in the morning. With the great forestick. and an armful. 
of:wood well going, the room is warm, and almost. as- light with- 
out.thepine knot or tallow candle as with it. The trundle-bed, 
ia-out.and. the three little ones are snugly asleep. Their mother 
ia--busy mending, for do what she can the children will. tear. and. 
wear their clothes, and "It is so much handier," so she says, 
"Mending, them when the children are out of the way." Later. 
iUithe evening she will be knitting, as this is never finished, for. 
"grandpa" wants his stockings full, and so long that they will 
garter. over the knee, and eleven pairs of feet, the average num^ 
ber in a family then, can try both mother's and grandmother's 
nimble needles. The girls are sewing, perhaps the youngest 
i&- playing hull-gull or checkers with the brother next her in 
ag.e. The. boys are shelling corn, or splintering, candle wood or. 
ciphering. The father is peeling Indian brooms, or bottoming, 
chairs, or braiding a whip, or, when he feels Like it and the-yarn 
is knit up close, he holds the skein for the mother to wind a. 
new ball, "The girls do make such work, when they and.thet 
boys-wind^it ! ' ' 



126 

You are struck with the deference, amounting almost to 
reverence, which is paid to the aged grandparents. They are 
expected to take the lead in conversation and the younger ones 
do not even whisper when they are talking. Grandmother is 
privileged to sa\" what she pleases and to whom she pleases and 
when she pleases. If conversation should seem to flag, the wife 
is ready to tell, with just a little of pride, how many "runs" she 
has spun in a week besides taking the whole care of the milk ; 
what extra luck she has had in "dyeing" ; and the new style of 
check she wove in that best blanket; and how much linen she 
put in the last web of linsey. 

Perhaps a neighbor drops in. and then for some good sto- 
ries. If it is Master Scott or Benoni Crafts, he can tell of hunt- 
ing exploits with bears and deer most marvelous and fascinat- 
ing. He does not seem to be so very old, but you wonder how 
a man can go through in one lifetime all that he recounts. If it 
is old Mr. Parker, he loves to tell how the wntch flew from the 
top of Sugar Loaf and lighted on a large oak that stood close 
by the highway near Joseph Sanderson's., and broke or bent the 
top into a curious shape, and then disappeared in the ground, 
leaving a hole which, to his certain knowledge, could never be 
plowed up ! And which, he might have added, the children 
always passed on a run and upon "The other side!" If the 
visitor be a Belding or a Waite, he is full of reminiscences of 
King Philip's war, when his ancestors were scalped by the Indi- 
ans or taken ofi" to Canada. And, after the flip has been passed 
round, Lieut. Ebenezer Bardwell will give his own experience 
in the French wars, which are so fresh and full of incidents of 
Indian cruelty and torture, and told with such minuteness and 
graphic power as to make the younger girls crouch behind their 
mother's chair, and tremble when they go to bed. But all is 
hearty and sincere, and "without offence." And the evening 
prayer that comes before the last good night is "sweet incense," 
because offered from grateful and confiding hearts. 

Such were the homes of the olden time, then common ■ 
throughout this valley. And "home" was then a word with a 
real meaning, for home occupations, home pleasures, home 
associations and relationships filled up the round of daily life. 

The want of commodities creates a demand, and a supply 
soon follows. A gristmill was built at Indian Hill by Lieut. 
Adonij ah Taylor about 1763, and a sawmill only two or three 
years later. The sawmill stood where the Sandersons' mills 



127 

now are, but the gristmill was some distance below. Afterwards 
a gristmill was built farther up the glen. About the same time 
a sawmill was built by Edward Brown at West street, on the 
site of the present mill owned by Rufus Sanderson & Son. And 
somewhat later, but before 1770, a gristmill and sawmill were 
set up by Reuben Belding on the site known as the Isaac Frary 
privilege. A tan house was built, probably in 1763 or '64, by 
Paul Belden. 

For the raw material of a new supply of clothing they had 
only to wait till the first clip of wool and the first crop of flax 
could be prepared. The working up into cloth was all done at 
home. As early as 1709 Hatfield voted that Jeremiah Waite 
have liberty to set up a fulling mill at West brook, reserving 
the right to build a sawmill there, should occasion ever require, 
but it wasn't done. 

Cotton from the West Indies began to be used in the valley 
quite early. It was spun upon a large wheel, like wool. 
Checks and stripes of all cotton, or cotton and wool, were not 
uncommon. Checked shirts were all the fashion for men and 
boys in this neighborhood for sometime before the Revolution. 
Checked aprons and striped bedticks were in use. But the 
largest part of the cloth for ordinary wearing apparel and bed- 
ding was made of wool or linen or a mixture of the tvvo, called 
linsey-woolsey. 

Tow, which is the refuse combings of flax, was used fOr 
coarse stuff. Homemade tow cloth was of ready sale to the 
country merchants, who sent it to Hartford and other centres of 
trade where it was in demand. Many a young wife, or older 
daughter who expected scon to become a wife, has got out a 
web of fine tow cloth and exchanged it for calico or silk, or other 
coveted articles of dress or household luxur\'. The price of tow- 
was about three pence per pound, and the common price for 
weaving it was six pence per yard. Yard-wide tow cloth sold 
at two shillings a yard, though the price varied according to 
circumstances. Checked cloths of linen and woolen were also 
an article of traffic and were sometimes made in excess of the 
household wants and exchanged for such things as the house- 
wife needed. Flaxen yarn was quite commonly prepared for 
market by such families as had an extra crop, and after the 
Scotch emigrants, who excelled in spinning and weaving, set- 
tled in Pelham, a lively competition sprang up in both the yarn 
and cloth trade, [perhaps it would be hardly fair to say that 



128 

■there 'vs'as a jealousy of the foreigners] but it is believed that the 
-Scotch women carried the day, both in fineness and evenness of 
thread and cloth. 

When the daughters of the first settlers were grown some 
of them became adepts at spinning and made it a specialty. 
-Theodora Scott, daughter of Benjamin, was a noted spinster, 
both before and after her marriage with Stephen Orcutt. As a 
matter partly of curiosity and partly characteristic of the time, 
and showing how much 3'arn of dififerent kinds a young family 
•needed in a year, and how much a woman could do with her 
Avheel for the support of her family, A single year's account is 
copied in full from Parson Wells' account book: 

1781. Theodora Orcutt, Cr. 

"Sept. By spinning 11 Runs at 7s 4d, 3 Runs at 7d /^o 9 i 

Feb. II. By spinning 4 Runs for handkerchiefs, 02 4 

Mar. 2. By spinning 8 Runs linen yarn at 7d 048 

Mar. 2. By spinning 5 Runs tow yarn o 2 8 

-Mar. 6. By spinning i Run fine tow yarn at 7.d o o -7 

Mar. 13. By spinning 2 Runs woolen yarn, 014 

Apr. 8. By spinning 13 Runs tow yarn " o 6 11 

By spinning 14 Runs linen yam at 8d 094 

-Apr. 29. By spinning 9,^2 Runs fine tow yarn at 8d 06 .4 

May 13. By spinning 2 Runs thread for stockings at 8d o i ..4 

By spinning 4 Runs fine tow yarn at 8d 028 

B}' spinning 3 Runs coarse tow yarn at 4 old 

tenor o i 7 

By spinning 3 Runs coarse linen yam at 6d 016 

June 19. By spinning 8 Runs fine yarn for lawn 080 

By spinning 22 Runs coarse linen yam at 6d one 

June 24. By spinning 2 Runs linen yarn at 8d 01 .4 

July 5. By spinning 10 Runs tow yarn at 4 old tenor 054 

9. By spinning 3^ Runs tow yarn at 4 old tenor o i 10 

II. By spinning 10 Runs tow yam at 6d 05 o 

.25. By spinning 3 Runs fine linen yarn at 8d 020 

By spinning 2 Runs coar.se linen yarn at 6d 010 

By spinning 2 Runs fine tow yam at 8d 014 

31. By spinning i Run fine tow yarn at 8d 008 

Aug. 24. By spinning 19 Runs coarse linen chain 096 

•Sept. 1 1. By spinning 9 Runs coarse tow yarn 

By spinning 2 Runs sent to Miss Graves o i i 
By spinning 4 Runs tow sent to Miss Graves 

8 Runs low 065 



/ 5 4 10 
1781. Theodora Orcutt, Dr. 

Sept. 27. To 4 lbs 9 oz cheese at 5d ^o i 11 

To cheese 2 lbs 13 oz— Do. i lb 14 oz at 4d o i 7 



Sept. 


27 


Oct. 


17- 


Jan. 


10. 


Feb. 


1 1 , 


Mar. 


5- 


April 


: 2. 




8. 




8. 




17. 


xMay 


4- 




30. 


J'ne" 


12. 


July 


5. 


-Aug. 


2. 



129 

To one pound old tobacco at 5d £0 o 5 

To 2;^4 lbs cheese at 5d — Do 6 lbs 14 oz at 4d o 3 4 

To 3 lbs 9 oz salt pork at 8d 024 

To r lb 13 oz cheese at 6d 00 10 

Xo .'2 bushel of parsnips at 2 ore 
To 2 lbs 5 oz tobacco at 4d,4 lbs 2 oz salt pork 034 

To 9 lbs 10 oz salt pork o 5 9 

To 4 lbs 3 oz rolled tobacco o i 5 

8. To 7 lbs 10 oz salt pork, 2 lbs suet at 6d 061 

To 6 lbs 9 oz flax 044 

To 6 lbs fresh offal, beef, i bushel parsnips o 3 i 
To 5 lbs 5 oz salt pork; 17th, 8/4 lbs do., 2 

lbs sugar at 7d o 10 .2 

To I lb I oz rolled tobacco, good o o .4 

To I lb do., 4 Ibn 15 oz salt pork o 3 7 

To 5 lbs 9 oz salt pork, 7 lbs cheese 064 
To 5 lbs 10 oz salt pork at 8d, one cheese 

4 lbs 9 oz 055 

24. To 6 lbs 12 oz cheese, 7 lbs 10 oz salt pork 3 7 3 
To 2 lbs sheep's wool at is 6d, i lb tow at 4d o 3 .4 
To 4^:4! lbs salt pork, 4 lbs 10 oz cheese at 4d o 411 

To 7 pounds 12 ounces flour at is 010 

To i2s of Mr. Marsh, old way los o 10 o 

To I bushel Indian corn 3s of Mr. Graves 030 

23. To cash delivered your brother Elijah is id o i i 

To I oz indigo of Dr. Chapin o o 10 

To 6 shillings received of Martin Graves 060 

To 2 bushels of rye of Mr. Adkins at 3s 060 



£5 4 ro 
A "run" of yarn consisted of twenty knots, a knot was 
composed of forty threads and a thread was seventy-four inches 
in length, or once round the reel. A "skein" of yarn consisted 
of seven knots. An ordinary day's work was four skeins, when 
the spinner carded her own wool ; when the wool was carded by 
a machine, she could as easily spin six skeins in a day. 

Dyes. Logwood and indigo were the common dj'es in use 
early; later, madder was sometimes obtained. Cloth made of 
lamb's wool and of the finer grades of sheep's wool, as well as 
linsey-woolsey took a beautiful shade of color and was much 
prized by the young ladies A red riding hood set off to good 
advantage the plump face and natural tresses of the girls of that 
day, as did also the white sunbonnet. 

Many families did all their own tailoring and dressmaking. 
Others employed some woman who had special taste and skill 
in these arts, who would come to the house twice a year and in 
a week or so cut and make, with the help of the inmates, the 
supply for the season. 



I30 

The first professional weavers in town were Robert Aber- 
crombie in 1779, Abijah Marsh in '82 and William Henderson 
in '89, but they had to depend for a living in considerable part 
on jobbing wnth the farmers. Perez Myrick, the clothier, was 
here in 1796, Capt. Amos Pratt in 1800. 

Values and Prices. At this date all values were reck- 
oned in pounds, shillings and pence. A pound was equal to 
three dollars, thirty-three and one-third cents, and prices were 
estimated in currency instead of grain. There was, however, 
the "cash price" and the "barter price," the latter one-third 
higher than the former, and ordinary business was largely car- 
ried on by exchange of produce and homemade manufactures 
and labor. The wages of labor for an able-bodied man was 
three shillings (50 cents) a day in haying time, and two shillings 
for ordinary farm work. The common price of wheat was four 
shillings per bushel ; rye, 3s; meslin, 3,s lod ; corn, 2s ; barley, 
3s; malt, 2s 5d ; flax seed, 4s 6d ; turnips, 8d ; parsnips, 2s ; 
good cheese, 5d per pound ; salt pork, 8d ; flax, 8d ; tow, 4d ; 
sheep's wool, 6d ; hops, is ; indigo, lod per ounce. 

Agriculture. The lands in the valley were found well 
adapted to wheat and this, with peas and flax, was the first 
crop raised on the intervals. When these became exhausted 
wheat was raised on the newly cleared uplands. Peas were at 
first a favorite and profitable crop, but the yield soon diminished, 
or was kept up only by manuring, and the pea bug made its 
appearance and the crop was neglected. After a while, beans 
took the place of peas as an article of food, though not of traflSc. 
Rye was not much raised till the wheat crop began to fail when 
it became, and long continued to be, an important crop. Barley 
was raised chiefly for the purpose of malting. Meslin, or mixt- 
ling, which was a mixture of wheat and rye, was pretty generally 
raised and used both for flour and malt. Indian com was, 
however, the staple product of this as of all other parts of the 
country. 

The season opened in spring quite as early as at the present 
day. Plowing began commonly the second or third week in 
April. Peas, oats and rye were sowed by the middle of the 
month, barley and flax by the first of May, and corn planting 
frequently began by May 5th. This crop was hoed three times, 
the hilling coming in July, as soon as the farmers had finished 
gathering the first crop of English hay. The corn was picked 
the last week in September and the first week in October. 



131 

The}' comtnenced to mow upland English grass the last of June, 
and the meadows the second week in Jul\'. Roweu was cut the 
last of August. Rye. wheat and'meslin were ready for harvest- 
ing about the 25th of July, barley a week later, and oats still 
later, though before August 15th. Peas were gathered the last 
of August. Flax was commonly pulled the first week in August, 
spread and turned in September and was ready to be taken up 
for "breaking" the last of October. 

Food. Early in winter ever>' family of considerable means 
killed fatted hogs and later a cow, the tender parts of which 
were used fresh and the balance dry-salted, or put in brine for 
summer use. This salted meat was the basis of the "boiled 
dish, ' ' which was the common dinner of the farmers. \"ery little 
fresh meat was used in the warm season. Next in importance, 
perhaps, came the boiled Indian pudding, which was regarded 
an almost indispensable part of a good dinner. Many families 
could say that they had as many puddings as there w^ere days in 
the year. Indian was also commonly used for hasty puddings 
and Johnny, or journey cakes and samp. 

Josselyn, 1674, says of Indian corn : "It is light of diges- 
tion, and the English make a kind of loblolly of it to eat with 
milk, which they call sampe ; they beat it in a mortar, and sift 
the flour out of it ; the remainder they call homminey, which 
they put in a pot of two or three gallons, with water, and boil it 
over a gentle fire till it is like a hasty-pudding ; they put this 
into milk, and so eat it. Their bread, also, they make of the 
homminey so boiled, and mix their flour with it, cast it into a 
deep basin, in which they form the loaf, and then turn it out 
upon the Peel, and presently put it in the oven before it spreads 
abroad ; the flour make excellent puddens." 

Milk and bread or hasty pudding and milk, was a common 
breakfast and supper dish for children and old people. Pea 
soup or porridge and stewed peas had not gone out of date, 
though beans had largely taken their place. Baked beans, as 
a regular weekly dish, came into use as early as this town was 
first settled, though it was a dish unknown to our early English 
ancestors. 

The bread commonly used was made of rye or meslin flour, 
and pie crust was sometimes made of this flour. Wheat flour was 
used to a considerable extent especially among the well-to-do 
farmers. Bolts to run b}' water power were set up in the mills 
and some families had hand bolts. The flour was not so fine as 



132 

that now in use and, consequently, was much more healthful. 
Cakes and pastry made of wheat flour were kept on hand for 
"company" and for all extra occasions. Turnips were in uni-- 
Vcrsal esteem and use as an essential part of the "boiled dish." 
By early sowing a summer vegetable was secured, and b}' sow- 
ing a second crop to succeed barley, or on new land burned 
over, they were tender and juic}' through the winter. Parsnips- 
were more rare. 

Pumpkins. Josselyn in his New England Rarities, pub- 
lished in 1674, speaks of pumpkins, squashes and watermelons- 
as grown by the Indians and also by the English. He mentions 
a peculiar sort of round yellow squash which, when cooked and 
prepared with butter, spice and vinegar, was "The ancient New 
England standing dish." This is believed to refer to our 
pumpkin. In his Wonder Working Providence, written 165T. 
Johnson says, "Let no man make a jest of pumpkins, for with- 
this fruit the Lord was pleased to feed his people till corn and 
cattle were increased." Baked pumpkin and milk was a dish 
much relished by many. The art of drying pumpkins seems- to ■ 
have been learned of the Indians. In spring and summer this 
could be soaked and used for sauce as well as for pies. In those 
early days "pumpkin parings" were as common in the fall as- 
"apple parings" have been since, and made as merry an 
evening. 

Apples. A few apples were brought from Hatfield and 
Hadley as a luxury, but they did not, of course, come into gen-- 
eral use till the trees had time to grow. The first orchards in 
our limits were planted bj' Abraham Parker whose widow made 
five barrels of cider in 1771, by Joseph Belding, who made that 
year four barrels of cider, by Benjamin Scott, wlio made three 
barrels, and Martin Graves, who made five barrels. Lieut. 
Ebenezer Bardwell probably set an orchard where he first built 
on the Deerfield road, and also another where, he built a mile 
north of the meeting-house. Parson Wells set trees extensively 
on his land in the center of the town soon after 1 77 1 . He began' 
to sell cider and vinegar as earl}' as 1785. The price for apples- 
was IS 6d per bushel, for vinegar, is 6d per gallon and for- 
cider, 5s per barrel. 

Potatoes. Potatoes were unknown to the first settlers of; 
Whately as an article of food. Justin Morton stated to the 
author, that "David Graves brought the first potata into town 
in his saddle bags on his return from Boston about 1765." Het 



added, "The boys loved to go over to the Straits and do chores 
for Mr. Graves for he would give them a potato as pay and we 
used to carry it home and plant it. I can remember when they 
did not have any potatoes on the table for dinner." 

"The culture of the potatoe, in this part of America, was 
first introduced by the Scotch who settled Nutfield. now Lon- 
donderry, N. H., in 1718-21." [Everett's Life ot Stark. 

The same people settled Pelham, Mass., about 1740, and 
started the cultivation of the potato there. It found its way 
into Hadley before 1760. At first it was regarded by our peo- 
ple as an unfit article of food, and the prejudice against it was 
slow in giving way. Many of the older folks refused to taste it 
till the day of their death. In some towns it was looked upon 
as a sort of forbidden fruit. The Rev. Jonathan Hubbard of 
Sheffield, who died in 1765, came near being dealt with by the 
church for raising twenty bushels of potatoes in one year. 
About 1780, potatoes are mentioned in Parson Well's account 
book, sold in small quantities of from one-half to one and two 
bushels, 'l^he price was is 6d per bushel. 

Drinks. — Beer, made from malt and hops, was the com- 
mon artificial drink used in families at the time Whately was 
settled. Hops grew wild in many places, but most house- 
holders had a few hills in their gardens, or beside the pigpen. 
Malt was made of barley and meslin and a poor grade of winter 
wheat mixed with chess. A small family would lay in eight 
bushels of malt for a year's supply, while larger families would 
lay in as many as fifteen bushels. There is no record of a malt- 
house in Whately. The malting for our families was done by 
Joshua Dickinson of Hatfield, and afterwards by Mr. Wilkie. 
A strong ale was'sometimes made, but the beer for common use 
was weaker, and was brewed in the summer time as often as 
once a week. Flip was made from this weaker beer. Barley 
coffee was considerably used as a breakfast drink — acorn coffee 
occasionally. Tea and foreign coffee were rarities at the tables 
of the common farmers. After apples became plenty, though 
beer continued to be used, cider became the family drink. Milk 
punch and flip were the favorite drams for home use, flip of the 
tavern loungers, and the latter was sold by the mug. After 
cider took the place of beer, cider brandy largely took the place 
of flip. 

Maple Sugar. The Indians appear to have learned the 
art of making syrup from the sap of the maple. As soon as 



134 

they obtained kettles by barter with the whites they made sugar 
in considerable quantities, though of an inferior quality. They 
had manufactured it as early as 1750. It was made by the 
Chestnut Plain settlers ever after they became established, 
though at first in small quantities. Before the Revolution some 
families depended on it for their year's supply and, in 1784 or 
'85, it became to some extent an article of trade. The price at 
first was 6d per pound. 

Maple sugar was made by most of the farmers living in the 
central and west parts of the town from a very early period. In 
the east part of Whately the maple was the soft or white maple 
and the sap flowing from this variety has but little saccharine 
matter in it. Early in the history of Hatfield large quantities 
of suoar were made on Mt. Esther, as well as other localities in 
Whately. 

The name of Easter is the way that old people called 
Esther, and that hill is still more often spoken of as Easter than 
any other way. It gets its name from some one of the Hatfield 
dames who not only had a dairy house, but a sugar camp on 
that natural home of the sugar maple*. It was fertile and pro- 
duced a rich supph* of succulent food for the cows, and so the 
cows were driven to Easter, and the dair}-ing was done near 
where the cows procured their food. But who the Easter or 
Esther was I do not know. 

A dairy house was built by Salmon Dickinson, about 1745 
to '50, on the lot owned by him adjoining a piece of woodland 
in the White pasture. This was about forty rods west of Chest- 
nut Plain road and the land is now owned by Robert Dickinson. 
This was used in the spring for the making of maple sugar and 
later in the season for dairy purposes. A daughter of Salmon 
Dickinson, Mary, married Samuel Dickinson who built where 
Samuel and Horace Dickinson lived so long, now owned by Rob- 
ert Dickinson. I have heard of others, but only know cer- 
tainly of one. 

John Crafts built a dair\^ and sugarhouse on Easter about 
the time of the siege of Boston. He bought a number of cows 
with the view of taking them near to Boston and supplying the 
soldiers with milk, but the evacuation of Boston by the British 
and the removal of the army to near New York spoiled his plans, 
so he built the dair}- and sugarhouse as mentioned above. 
His sister, Martha, did the work there several summers and I 
have often heard her relate many incidents of her life there. 



135 

Among them that the pigeons were so abundant that when she 
fired a gun at them one' time, just as they flew up in a huddle, 
she gathered up twenty-eight either dead or more or less 
disabled. 




CHAPTER VIII. 

THE TOWN INCORPORATED. 

Before the town of Whately was incorporated, the town 
of Hatfield, at a meeting held 23 May, 1770, passed the follow- 
ing vote : 

"\'oted to set off the town or district to be made from the 
north part of Hatfield, on petition of the northern inhabitants." 

Then follows- the boundary' lines of the new town as given 
in the act of incorporation. Recorded in Hampshire Registry, 
book 67, pages 474-475- 

From this it will be seen that the vote was taken nearly a 
year before the incorporation, showing that the subject had 
been agitated and the terms of the division agreed upon, includ- 
ing the rather sharp operation of so carefully arranging the line 
as to throw the expense of maintaining the bridge over the 
west brook on Chestnut Plain road. 

In this chapter it is proper to give in full the Act of Incor- 
poration, as copied from the original parchment, and to insert 
copies of letters, showing the origin of the name adopted, as 
well as other official documents of permanent value and inter- 
est. All these papers are copied from originals in the office of 
the Secretary' of the Commonwealth. 

Afino Reg7ii Regis Georgii Tertii Undecimo . 

An Act for erecting the northerly part of the town of Hat- 
field, in the County of Hampshire, into a town hy the name of 
Whately. 

Whereas the inhabitants of the northerly part of the town 



137 

of Hatfield, in the County of Hampshire, have made application 
to this Court, that the northerly, part of said town may be incor- 
porated into a distinct and separate Town, 

Be it enacted by the Governor, Council and House of Rep- 
resentatives, 

That the northerly part of the said town of Hatfield, which 
is contained within the lines and limits following, That is to say. 
Beginning at the northeast corner of the General Field, there 
called the North Meadow and Farms, thence in the north line of 
the said General Field to the northwest corner thereof, from the 
said northwest corner of that Field the said line to run in a direct 
course to the southeast corner of tbeMill Swamp, which belongs 
to Moses Dickinson, thence in the south line of the said Mill 
Swamp to the southwest corner thereof, adjoining there to the 
east sidfe of that way called the Chestnut Plain road, thence 
south on the east side of the said way to a point where a line at 
right angles with the east line of said way and one rod south of 
the bridge there, called the West brook bridge would intersect 
the aforesaid east line of the said way ; from the said point of 
intersection to continue such right angular line as aforesaid to 
the west side of the said way ; thence to the northeast corner of 
the lot laid out to Samuel Kellog in the Third Division of Com- 
mons; thence west in the north line of the said lot to a point 
at which a line parallel to and half a mile distant from the 
east line of the Three Mile x^dditional Grant, so called, would 
intersect the said north line of the lot last mentioned ; thence 
in such parallel line last mentioned to the District of Con- 
way ; thence in the line dividing between Hatfield and the 
town of Deerfield and District of Conway to the Connecticut 
River; thence on the west side of the said River to the station 
• first mentioned; be, and hereby is, erected into a separate 
Town by the name of Whately : And that the inhabitants of 
the said town be, and are hereby invested with all the powers, 
privileges, and immunities that towns in this Province enjoy by 
law, that of sending a Representative to the General Court only 
excepted : And that the said town of Whately shall have full 
right and liberty from time to time, to join with the town of 
Hatfield in the choice of Representative, to be chosen of the 
towns of Hatfield or the said town of Whately indifferently, to 
represent them in the General Assembly : And that the said 
town of Whately shall from time to time bear their proportion 



138 

of the expense of such Representatives with the said town of 
Hatfield, accordinjj to their respective proportion of the Prov- 
ince tax : And the freeholders and other inhabitants of the said 
town of Whately shall be notified of the time and place of elec- 
tion, by a warrant from the selectmen of Hatfield directed to the 
constable or constables of the said town of Whately, requiring 
such constable or constables to warn the freeholders and other 
inhabitants of the said Whately qualified to vote in the choice 
of a Representative, to meet at the time and place of election, 
which warrant shall be returned by such constable or constables, 
with certificate of his or their doings thereon, to the selectmen 
of the town of Hatfield, before the time for holding every such 
meeting. 

Provided nevertheless, and be it enacted. That the inhabi- 
tants of the said town of Whatel}' shall pa}' their proportion 
of such Pro\'ince, County and Town Taxes as already set on 
them by the town of Hatfield, in like manner as though this 
Act had not been made ; and the constables chosen by the town 
of Hatfield, at their annual meeting in March, anno domini one 
thousand seven hundred and seventy, are hereby fully author- 
ized and impowered to levy and collect all such taxes assessed 
upon the inhabitants and lands in the said town of Whately, and 
are directed to pay in the same in the same manner they would 
and ought by law to have done, had not this Act been made. 

Provided nevertheless, and be it further enacted, That 
the treasurer of the town of Hatfield be, and he is hereby impow- 
ered and directed to pay the town treasurer of the said town of 
Whately, and for the use of the said town, such a proportion of 
the sum of Thirty Pounds, which was raised by the town of 
Hatfield at their meeting on the first Monday in December last, 
for providing Preaching in the said town of Hatfield in the year 
then next ensuing, as has been assessed upon the inhabitants 
and lands within the limits of the said town of Whately, agree- 
able to the List last taken by the assessors of Hatfield ; and the 
treasurer of the said town of Whately is hereby fully authorized 
and impowered to demand and receive of the treasurer of Hat- 
field such proportion of the said Thirty Pounds as aforesaid. 

And be it further enacted. That William Williams, Esq., 
be, and hereby is impowered and directed to issue his warrant 
to some principal inhabitant of thesaid town of Whately, requir- 
ing him to warn the inhabitants of the said Whately, qualified 



U9 

as hereinafter mentioned, to meet at some suitable time and 
place in said town, to choose such officers as towns in this Prov- 
ince are impowered and enjoined by law to choose in the month 
of March annually, which they are hereby impowered to choose 
at such meeting. 

And be it further enacted, That the inhabitants of the said 
town of ^V'hately, who in the last tax in the town of Hatfield 
were rated one-half part so much for their Estates and Faculties 
as for a single Poll, shall be allowed to vote in their first meet- 
ing, and such other meetings as may be called in the said town 
of Whately, until a valuation of Estates shall be made by assess- 
ors there. 

And be it further enacted. That no person happening to 
reside or be within the limits of the said town of Whately, at 
the end of the present session of this Court, who would not then 
have become an inhabitant of Hatfield had not this Act been 
made, shall become an inhabitant of the said town of Whately, 
or have legal claim or right to any of the privileges of an inhab- 
itant there, anything herein before contained to the contrary 
notwithstanding. 

And the said town of Whately shall be, and hereby is fully 
impowered to proceed with all such persons residing there, who 
at the end of the said present session of this Court, would not 
have been inhabitants of Hatfield, in the same manner the town 
of Hatfield then, or at any time before, might have proceeded 
with them touching their removal. Consented to by the Gov- 
ernor, April 24, [as appears from the Journal, not actually 
signed till April 26], 1771. 

Thomas Sanderson, Justin Morton and Ebenezer Barnard 
asked consent of the town, i Dec, 1806, to be set off" to Whately, 
giving the bounds. The town refused its consent. The peti- 
tioners, failing in that, applied to the General Court and in Jan., 
1808, the Legislature ordered notice to be served on Deerfield and 
Whately. Deerfield held a town meeting and chose a commit- 
tee of three to oppose the petition. The petitioners sent another 
petition, dated May 8, 1S09. Again Deerfield opposed it, and 
again was an order of notice served on both towns. Deerfield 
chose another committee of three of her most influential citizens 
to oppose the annexation to Whately, but the state granted the 
prayer of the exultant petitioners and, 5 March, 1816, the deed 
was done, though bitterly opposed by Deerfield. 



140 



An Act to set off Thomas Sanderson and others from 
Deerfield and annex them to Whately. 

Be it enacted by the Senate and House of Representatives 
in General Court assembled, and by authority of the same, 
That from and after the passage of this Act, Thomas Sanderson, 
Ebenezer Barnard and Justin Morton, with their polls and 
estates, together with the lands and the inhabitants thereon, 
within the limits hereafter described — that is to say, Beginning 
at the southwest corner of Thomas Sanderson's land in the north 
line of Whately, thence running northerly on a line parallel with 
the original east line of Conway to the north line of Lot Num- 
ber Sixteen in Long hill, west Division, so called, thence run- 
ning eastwardly on the north line of said Lot No. i6 to the east 
end of Justin Morton's land, thence southerly on the ea.st line 
of Justin Morton's land, to the south line of William Tryon's 
land, thence eastwardly on the south line of William Tr^-on's 
land, to the east side of the County road leading from Deerfield 
to Whately, thence southwardly on the east line of said County 
road, to the north line of Whateh-, including all lands within 
the said running line and the north line of Whately, be, and 
they hereby are set off from the town of Deerfield, and annexed 

to the town of Whately. 

Passed 5 March, 18 10. 

The sixteen Deerfield lots, contained in the section annexed 
to W'hately in March, 1810, were as follows: 

1 2 3/4 rods wide. 
18 rods wide. 

55^ rods wide. 
19/^ rods wide. 
21 rods wide. 
12 rods wide. 

4>^ rods wide. 
15 rods wide. 
19/4 rods wide. 
19^ rods wide. 
13^ rods wide. 

9 rods wide. 

6 rods wide. 
15 rods wide. 
1054 rods wide. 
15 rods wide. 



No. 


I 


Nathaniel Shurtliff, 


No. 


2 


Samuel Hinsdale, 


No. 


3 


Thomas Root, 


No. 


4 


Joseph Selden, 


No. 


5 


William Barnard, 


No. 


6 


John Hinsdale, 


No. 


7 


Thomas Selden, 


No. 


8 


Thomas Allison, 


No. 


9 


Joshua Catlin, 


No. 


10 


Zacharia Field, 


No. 


II 


Joseph Brown, 


No. 


12 


Richard Weller, 


No. 


13 


Thomas Hunt, 


No. 


14 


David Belding, 


No. 


15 


John Broughton, 


No. 


16 


Benjamin Barrett, 



216 



The above lots are in what is known as Long hill division 
and the names are those of the original proprietors, about 1700. 



141 

The Name of the Town. It is a singular fact that the 
origin of the name, Whately, has been hitherto wholly un- 
known. No tradition, or conjecture, has existed in relation to 
it. The memory of p single individual, in 1848, furnished the 
writer with the following hint : Mr. Oliver Graves (born 1761) 
said, "I was ten years old when Mr. Salmon White came to our 
house and read the warrant for the first town meeting. My 
father asked him why it was called Whately ?" He answered, 
"It is the name of a man." The inference from this incident, 
as well as from the absence of any tradition, is, that the name 
was not suggested by the inhabitants of the territory-. An ex- 
amination of the records and files of the General Court for 1771, 
renders it pretty certain that no petition for an Act of incorpo- 
ration, signed by residents, was sent in. The wording of the 
preamble seems to imply that there was no such petition "Have 
made application to this Court," probably through Israel Wil- 
liams, Esq., the representative from Hatfield for that year. 
And the original draft of the Act of incorporation discloses the 
singular fact, that the bill passed through its several read- 
ings in the lower House, and received the concurrence of the 
Council, with the name left in blank. The inference is, that 
the name was not selected by the House of Representatives nor 
by the Council. And further examination shows that the name 
was not inserted on the parchment by the engrossing clerk, but 
was inserted by the Governor, in his customary handwriting 
when it was presented to him for his official signature. This 
gives the clew to the man for whom the town received its name. 

From letters preserved in the State Archives, it appears 
that a gentleman by the name of Thomas Whately was at this 
time connected with the British government ; that he took a 
special interest in, and was thoroughly conversant with the 
affairs of the Massachusetts Colony, and was an intimate friend 
and trusted adviser of Governor Hutchinson. There is hardly 
room for doubt that the Governor inserted the name W^hately in 
the Act of incorporation, out of compliment to his London friend. 

The letter above alluded to is here inserted, partly for its 
historic value, as throwing.light on the British view of our polit- 
ical affairs, and partly as a memorial of a man of whom nothing 
has hitherto been known by us, and in whom every citizen of 
the town must feel a personal interest : 

London, nth February, 1769. 

Sir: — I have deferred answering your favors of 17 October 



142 

and lo December till the consideration of American affairs was 
over : I am sorry to say how little has been done ; I am afraid 
no more is intended. I will therefore give you a full, tho' I 
doubt not a satisfactory account of our proceedings, as I appre- 
hend for ye winter. 

The manner in which Mr. Danforth's petition was received 
appears in the votes of 23 January. The manner in which it 
had been obtained was known to ye Ministry-, and stated to the 
House; but their great desire to admit some American petition 
induced them to receive it, entering it only as a petition of indi- 
viduals, not of the Council; to some, however, the implied 
assertion of the Right, was an insuperable objection ; the Minis- 
ters overlooked it, and yet the next day insisted on rejecting a 
petition of Mr. Bollan, tho' perfectly innocent, and tho' because 
it was so, Mr. Grenville with many more strongly pressed to 
have it received. 

These were all the material events previous to the consider- 
ation of the Resolution and Address sent down by the Lords. 
The Commons have agreed to them, with some amendments in 
point of accuracy. I cannot pretend to state to you all that 
passed in two days" debate upon them ; tho' inefficacy and the 
locality of the plan proposed were much insisted on ; Lord 
Rockinham's and Lord Shelburne's friends objected to the 
whole ; Mr. Grenville, tho' he ridiculed and disapproved of such 
plan for such a crisis as much as any body, and particularly 
urged the absurdity of exasperating a deluded people with angn,' 
words, while the Tameness of the measure would encourage 
them, yet as the facts had been stated by the Lords, he would 
not, by a negative to the Resolutions, give any reason to sup- 
pose that he countenanced the transactions therein condemned: 
nor, on the other hand, by assenting to the Address, shew any 
approbation of a measures so inadequate to the occasion. You 
will easily see what must have been suggested on these topics. 
I wall not trouble you with arguments which so obviously occur, 
but confine myself to what was said on the Statute of Henry the 
Eighth. They who oppose the whole plan, generally not uni- 
versally, disputed the application of the Act to the Colonies: it 
was passed before they existed : the Title and the preamble pre- 
vent such an application, unless upon admission that ye Colonies 
are not within the King's dominions. Some doubted whether it 
was an existing law, but that point was given up. Mr. Gren- 
ville declared that he, upon the words of the preamble and title 
had been inclined to think the Statute not applicable, and won- 
dered the Ministers had not rather rested on the Statute of 
Edward the Sixth, which was less doubtful ; but said that the 
precedents and authorities cited by the Attorney General had 
convinced him that the Act did extend to every part of the 
King's dominions. Those authorities were many. InO'rooke's 
Case, reported in Anderson, the twelve Judges were unanimously 
of opinion that the Act extended to treasons committed in Ire- 



143 

land, tho' there is a separate parliament, and ever}' species of 
Jurisdiction for constituting and trying any offences. Lord Hale 
in many passages maintains that treasons committed in Ireland 
and Guernsey and in the Remains of the Duchy of Normandy 
are triable under that Statute in England : Even a Peer of Ire- 
land, tho' amenable there only before the House of Lords, may 
be and often has been tried here by a common Jury. At the 
latter end of Oueen Anne's reign, one Kirbv was bro't from 
Antigua to be tried on that statute here, for a treason commited 
there. The proceeding was on an opinion of >rort'ney, Attorney 
General, and Raymond. Solicitor General, and passed ye Coun- 
cil, when Lord Chancellor Harcourt and Lord Chancellor J. 
Parker, afterwards Lord Chancellor Macclesfield, were present ; 
he was indicted and pleaded, as appears from ve Record of 
King's Bench, but afterwards broke prison. Not one Lawyer in 
the House supported a doctrine contrary to such authorities : 
As I cite them from memory, you will pardon any little inaccu- 
racies: In ye material points I am exact, and I thought you 
would wish to be furnished with them as, after debate upon the 
subject here, I conclude it will be a matter of controversy with 
you. 

I do not hear of any design to bring in a bill to explain or 
amend ye Mutiny Act, though I have not been wanting to sig- 
nify thro' proper channels ye difficulties which you have in- 
formed me occur in ye execution of it : but perhaps they stay till 
further experience has shown ye whole extent of what may be 
necessary to alter. I fear all parliamentary proceedings rela- 
tive to America are at an end for the present, and that this, with 
the long letter I wrote you on the 14 Nov. is the whole history 
of ye session. As to ye Ministerial measures, tho' when Parlia- 
ment was called upon to approve of them ye Ministers were in 
return called upon to declare, whether they meant to abide by 
them, especially ye suspension of ye Assemblies, no answer 
could be obtained, but there has not appeared the least idea of 
withdrawing ye Troops from Boston, nor will the last Revenue 
Law be repealed, or I believe altered, whilst the right to impose 
duties is questioned. The opinion without doors on the claims 
of the Colonies, and the behaviour of ye Bostonians seem to me 
the same as they have been for some time past, and the concur- 
rence of ye other Colonies in the Principles of Boston only con- 
firm those opinions. 

I have the honour to be, with great respect. Your most obe- 
dient, humble serv., 

THOMAS WHATELV. 

To The 

Honorable Lieut. Gov. Hutchinson. 

Since these pages were prepared for the press, the following 
letter has been discovered among some old papers in the State 
Department. It explains itself: 



144 

Boston, 14 May, 177 1. 

Dr. Sik: — Permit me to congratulate you upon the honour 
done you in your late appointment. It is what I have long 
wished for, and I hope the junction of so many of Mr. Gren- 
ville's friends will strengthen Go^•ernment and render the pres- 
ent Administration of long continuance. A durable Ministry, 
and a few examples in England of punishment for the seditious 
principles and practices so prevalent there, would discourage 
the disturbers of the peace here. They triumph when their cor- 
respondents write that you are in danger of a great convulsion : 
as soon as their hopes of it are over, they are depressed and 
hide their heads. 

Among the Acts passed in the late session of the Geiieral 
Court, you will see one for incorporating a Township by the 
name of Whately. This is but a poor mark of respect. I wish 
it may be in my power to give you further proof of my being, 
with very great regard and esteem. 

Sir, Your most humble and most obedient servant, 

T. HUTCHINSON. 
Thomas Whately. 

There is a natural desire to know who lived in Whately, 
who owned houses here, and what were their pecuniar^' circum- 
stances when the town first started. And as a full, accurate 
and reliable account of the condition of affairs at this date, the 
following List of the Polls and Estates of the inhabitants of the 
Town is here subjoined. Though the month is not given, it was 
e\ddently made out in May, 1771. It will be seen that some 
early settlers are not included in the list. Lieut. Ebenezer 
Bardwell was at this date a resident of Deerfield. Adonijah 
Taylor and Gideon Dickinson were living north of the line, in 
what was afterwards annexed to the town from Deerfield. Noah 
Wells had probably removed, temporarily, to the Equivalent 
Lands, afterwards Hawley. Joel Dickinson had removed to 
Conway. Capt. Lucius Allis had removed to Conway. 



H5 



Polls and Estates, Whately, 



Polls. 2^T'i'il5 Horses. Cows. O.xen. 



Daniel Morton 
Oliver Graves 
David Graves 
Elisha Belding 
John Crafts 
Joseph Crafts 
Israel Graves 
Simeon Wait 
Henry Stiles 
Oliver Morton 
Benj. Smith, Jr. 
Moses Crafts 
Peter Train 
Edward Brown 
Abraham Turner 
Benoni Crafts 
Paul Belden 
Ezra Turner 
Hosea Curtis 
Joseph Kellogg 
Joseph Belding, Jr. 
Nathaniel Sartle 
Thomas Sanderson 
Nathaniel Coleman 
Abel Parker 
Jonathan Smith 
Elisha Frary 
Lemuel Wells 
John Wait 
Joseph Scott 
Seth Wait 
Thomas Crafts 
Philip Smith 
David Scott 
Noah Bardwell 
Paul Smith 
Nathan Graves 
Wid. Lois Parker 
John Wait, Jr. 
Joshua Beldin 



2 
2 



I77I. 

Busliels No. acres 
Grain. Tillage Land. 



O 

2 

2 
2 



2 

4 



3 sheep 
2 
6 

3 
2 

2 

2 
2 



2 
2 

2 

2 

I 

2 

2 



2 

2 
2 
I 
2 



159 

130 

80 

60 

15 
15 

JO 
2CO 

64 

85 
48 

45 
26 

24 

35 

24 
16 



12 

13 
12 

II 

3 
3 



r 1/ 



20 



854 



4 

4 

5 

3 
2 






2 


150 


23 


2 




60 


12 


3 


2 


164 


24 


I 


2 


140 


20 


2 


2 


39 


6 


3 


2 


30 


5 


2 








I 


I 


132 


22 




I 


84 


14 


3 


4 


140 


20 


2 


2 


80 


8 


2 




86 


16 


2 


4 


88 


II 


4 


4 


48 


6 


I 




32 


4 


3 


2 


56 


8 


3 


4 


35 


7 


2 


I 


21 


3 


3 




140 


20 



146 



Benjamin Scott 
Renj. Scott, Jr. 
Elisha Smith 
Martin Graves 
Salmon White 
Perez Bardwell 
Samuel Carley 
Benjamin Smith 
Thomas Allen 
William Kellog 
John Graves 
Elihu Graves 
David Scott, Jr. 

NON-RESIDENTS. 

Elisha Allis 
Nathaniel Hawkes 



Polls 

2 
I 
2 
I 
I 
I 
I 

3 
I 

I 

I 

I 

I 



Hou 



'"g Horses. Cows. Oxen. rr-nlf'Tn^o^'c; ''?''''% 
ses. Grain. Tillaare Land. 



'2 
I 
I 
I 
I 
2 



J 

I 

2 
I 

3 
I 

I 

I 
I 
I 



140 


23 


119 


17 


80 


10 


71 


ID 


88 


I I 


56 


8 


66 


1 1 


12 


2 



40 



Acres Aovp^ 

Mowing ^ 

Daniel Morton 12 20 

Oliver Graves 6 12 

David Graves 3 5 

Elisha Belding 2 4 

John Crafts 10 

Israel Graves 4 26 

Simeon Wait 13 20 

Henr>' Stiles 6 8 

Oliver Morton 11 25 " 

Benj. Smith, Jr. 9 

Peter Train 6 20 

Edward Brown 6 20 

Abraham O^umer 16 4 

Benoni Crafts 6 7 

Paul Belding 6 12 

Ezra Turner i i}^ 

Hosea Curtis 6 

Jos. Belding, Jr. 10 10 

Nathaniel Sartle 4^ 

Thos. Sanderson 9 3 

Abel Parker 4 10 



Acres 



Acres 
Moving I'-^--g^ 



Jona. Smith 6 

Elisha Frary 7 
Moses Frary 

John Wait 7 

Joseph Scott 2 

Seth Wait 6 

Thomas Crafts 9 

Philip Smith 6 

David Scott 18 

Noah Bardwell 6 

Paul Smith 3 

Benj. Scott 7 

Elisha Smith 3 

Martin Graves 5 

Salmon White 1 1 

Perez Bardwell 20 
John Graves 
David Scott, Jr. 

Nathan Graves 11 
Wid. Lois Parker 6 

Joshua Beldin 10 



7 
12 

6 

2 

5 
16 

8 

6 

12 

30 
20 



3 

18 

8 

30 
6 

18 

3 
30 



147 



Acres , 

NON-RESID TS Enuli^b p;,,Vura-e 
Mowins< '^-'•"'"o^ 


Acres 
Engli.sh p, 
Mowing 


Acres 
[isturage 


Elisha Allis ' 20 


60 


Eliakim Field 


14 


Nathaniel Hawks 


4 


Medad Field 


ID 


Reuben Belden 


8 


Samuel Church 


8 


Gideon Dickinson 


3/2 


Noah Nash 


30 


Simeon Morton 


12 


Elijah Dickinson 


16 


Noah Coleman 


30 


Benj. Wait 


8 


Abner Dickinson 


16 


Jonathan Morton 


II 


Eleazer Frary 


2 


Moses Wait 


4 


Daniel Graves 


I r 


Israel Williams Esq. 


30 


Sam'l Dickinson 14 


30 


David Morton 


16 


Rem'br'ce Bard well 


30 


Oba. Dickinson 


20 


Eleazer Allis 


3 


Mary Smith 


20 


Elijah Morton 


3 


Joseph Smith 


6 


Joseph Billings 


8 


Elisha Wait 


2 


David Billings 


8 


Benj. Wait, Jr. 


9 


Jonathan Allis 


28 


Moses Frary 


6 



Four residents were not taxed, viz. : Rev. Rufus Wells, 
Joseph Sanderson, Sr., Joseph Belden, Sr., Richard Chauncey. 
Of the non-residents. Eleazer Frar>' had 6 acres of tillage land 
and raised 48 bushels of grain; Daniel Graves had 5^2 acres 
and 38 bushels; Obadiah Dickinson had 7 acres and 42 bushels; 
Mary Smith had 10 acres and 90 bushels; Benjamin Wait, Jr., 
had 3 acres and 21 bushels. Edward Brown had a sawmill ; 
Reuben Belden, a sawmill and gristmill; Paul Belden had a tan 
house. 

Summary. 

Number of Polls, ratable 71 

Number of Polls, not ratable 4 

Number of dwelling houses 40 

Number of tan houses i 

Number of horses 45 

Number of cows 99 

Number of oxen 64 

Number of sheep 375 

Number of swine, over three months old 56 

Number of bushels of grain raised 3495 

Number of barrels of cider made 17 

Number of tons of English hay 182^ 

Number of sawmills, 2 ; gristmills, i 3 

Number of non-resident land owners 32 



148 



Though a little out of their proper places yet, for the sake 
of ready comparison, the following certificate and assessors re- 
turn are inserted here : 

This may certify that the number of rtales from sixteen 
years old and upwards in the town of Whately is one hundred 
and six (106) white persons and two (2) negroes. 

JOSEPH BELDING, ) Selectmen 



JOHN SMITH, 
OLIVER GRAVES, 



of 
) Whately. 



Whately, Jan. 20, 177 



/ ■ 



VALUATION OF ESTATES AND POLLS IN WHATELY, AS ESTAB- 
LISHED BY THE GENERAL COURT, I786. 



Number o 
Number o 
Number o 
Number o 
Number o 
Number o 
Number o 
Number o 
Number o 
Number o 
Number o 
Number o 
Number o 
Number o 
Number o 
Number o 
Number o 
Number o 
Number o 
Number o 
Number o 



Polls, ratable 

Polls, not ratable 

dwelling houses 

tan house 

gristmill — Samuel Belden 

sawmills 

barns 

young neat cattle 

horses — 3 years old and upwards 

oxen 

cows — 3 years old and upwards 

sheep 

swine — over three months old 

barrels of cider 

acres of tillage land 

acres of English mowing 

acres of fresh meadow 

acres of pasture land 

acres of woodland 

acres unimproved land 

acres of unimprovable land 



Stock in Trade 



135 

6 

68 

I 

I 

45 

177 

85 
88 

171 
264 
149 
96 
6i9>4 
220 
256 
1608^ 
161 

5325 
953 

£ 57 



The first meeting for the election of town oflBcers was held 
at the house of Daniel Morton, innholder, May 6, 1771. The 
officers chosen were as follows: Salmon White, town clerk and 
treasurer; Joseph Belding, Jr., and Henr}' Stiles, constables ; 
John Wait, Simeon Wait, Edward Brown, Salmon White and 
Philip Smith, selectmen; Edward Brown, Philip Smith and Sal- 
mon White, assessors; Thomas Crafts, sealer of weights and 



149 

measures; Thomas Sanderson, sealer of leather; Peter Train, 
Oliver Graves and Benj. Smith, surveyors of highways; Israel 
Graves, Noah Bardwell and John Wait. Jr., fence viewers ; Benj. 
Scott, Jr.. John Brown and Joseph Crafts, field drivers; Elisha 
Belding and Noah Bardwell, tythingmen ; Benj. Smith, Perez 
Bardwell and Abraham Turner, wardens; John Crafts, Martin 
Graves and Elisha Frary, deer reeves : Thomas Crafts, surveyor 
of shingles ; Peter Train, Gad Smith and Lemuel Wells, hog- 
reeves. 

The leading interests of the town will be treated in sepa- 
rate chapters, but some votes, characteristic of the times, which 
were passed at the earlier meetings, are here copied ; 

Voted, To build a pound forty feet square. 

Voted, That the Selectmen provide a Law book and a 
Record book. 

Voted, To provide a grave cloth for the use of the town. 

Voted, That David Scott and Joseph Scott be a Committee 
to provide two biers for the use of the town. 

Voted, That hogs may run at large from May i to October 
15, being properly j-oked and rung. 

Voted, To let two milch cows to a family run on the 
Commons. 

It will be seen that the last section of the Act of Incorporation 
provided that the town shall have full power "To proceed with" 
persons "Touching their removal." This provision shows the 
extreme care taken by our fathers to guard the rights and priv- 
ileges of citizenship. They wanted in ever>' citizen moral 
worth and habits of industry' and economy, and a purpose of 
permanent settlement. Hence the custom prevailed generally 
throughout the Province of "Warning out of town" all transient 
persons, all who did not purchase real estate and all strangers 
not vouched for by some inhabitant. And when a stranger 
came into town to reside the person into whose family or tene- 
ment he came was required to give notice to the Selectmen of 
the name of the person or persons, the place from which he 
came, his pecuniary- circumstances and the date of his coming 
to town. The authorities would then, at their discretion, allow 
him to remain or order him to be "Warned and cautioned as the 
law directs." A person so warned was prevented from gaining 
a settlement and the town escaped liability for his support. In 
several instances this town availed itself of the right in question 
as the following warrant will show : 



i5C> 

Hampshire, ss. To either of the constables of the town 
of Whatelj-, in said county, Greeting: In the name of the 
Commonwealth of Massachusetts, you are directed to warn Sam- 
uel Brass and Sabra Andross, transient persons, lately come into 
this town for the purpose of abiding therein, not having the 
town's consent therefor, that they depart the limits thereof with 
their children and others under their care, within fifteemdays, 
and make due return of your doings to the clerk of the town. 

Signed by the Selectmen. 

The names of others, "warned" at different times are: 
Robert Durfy, Jonathan Bacon, John Lamson, Benjamin Bacon, 
Jonathan Clark, Zebina Lyon, Enoch Bird, Noah Coleman, 
William Brown, William Brown, Jr., EHsha Frary, Jr., Josiah 
Brown, Nathaniel Coleman, Isaac Frar^^ Thomas Castwell. 
Some of these became permanent residents and were among our 
best citizens. 




Rev. Rufus Wells. 



CHAPTER IX. 

ECCLESIASTICAL HISTORY. 

In anticipation of a town organization steps had been taken 
to secure regular Sabbath ordinances. In the February preced- 
ing, David Scott, acting in behalf of the others, had engaged 
Rufus Wells of Deerfield, to preach, and he had supplied 
them from March 6 to April 28. The first entry in Mr. Wells' 
account book gives the full history of this preliminary transac- 
tion: 

1771. David Scott Dr. 

Mar. 6 to Apr. 28. To preaching to the people in 
Whately eight Sabbaths, by your engagement, 
on whom my demand is, and not ye said people ^8 o o 

1771. Contra Cr. 

April 29. By cash received of Mr. Brown 
May 15. By cash received of Daniel Morton 
May 17. By cash received of Elisha Frary 
June 5. By cast received of yourself 
July 9. By cash received of Joseph Belding, Jr. 
Oct. 25. By cash received of Thomas Crafts 
Dec. 23. By cash received of Peter Train 
Jan. 22. By cash received of Benoni Crafts 
Apr. 7. By cash received of Salmon White 
June 22. By cash received of Elisha Belding 
May and June. By yourself making plow, 6s — 
Work hewing and framing my house to balance 

/Sod 
At a meeting held, probably by adjournment. May 9th, 



/;o 


6 








6 








5 





2 


5 








13 








6 








5 


4 





5 








6 








4 





2 


t8 


8 



152 

three days after the formal organization of the town, it was 
voted. "To raise thirty pounds for preaching." June 4, 1771, 
the town voted to hire Rufus Wells of Deerfield to preach 
six weeks upon probation. Simeon Wait, John Wait and Philip 
Smith were chosen a committee to engage him. The same 
committee were instructed to provide a place for him to board 
This committee attended to the duty and engaged board at Dan- 
iel Morton's. 

At the expiration of the six weeks' probation, the town 
voted to give Mr. Wells a call to settle there in the Gospel min- 
istry. The conditions offered were as follows: A "settle- 
ment, " as it was termed, of one hundred and thirty-three pounds, 
six shillings and eight pence ; a salary' of fifty-five pounds for 
the first year; and to raise forty shillings yearly till it amount to 
seventy-five pounds. It was also voted, that Mr. Wells be 
allowed six pounds yearly tor wood, to take place at such lime 
as he sets up housekeeping. The committee to make these pro- 
posals to Mr. Wells were Nathan Graves, Daniel Morton and 
Salmon White. 

A pound as then reckoned was equal to three dollars, thirty- 
three and a third cents. Hence the "settlement" would amount 
to $450, and the full salary, including the allowance for wood, 
to S270 per year. This sum sounds small compared with minis- 
ters' salaries at the present day, but it is to be considered that 
money is valuable according as it procures the necessaries of 
life. Taking the price of wheat as a standard $270 then was 
equal to about $360 now ; with the wages of labor for a standard, 
which is probably more just, the $270 was equal to $550 at the 
present time ; taking the price of land as the standard, $270 then 
equal to $2,000 now. 

The .settlement was paid in land, the town making over to 
Mr. Wells the lot hnng east of the old parsonage, extending 
from land of Calvin Wells on the north to land of J. P Dickin- 
son on the south and containing nearlv sixtv acres. 

After giving Mr. Wells a call (as above) the town, it 
appears, applied to some of the neighboring ministers for advice 
in the case and received an answer as follows : 

Whereas the inhabitants of Whately have applied to us for 
our advice respecting the settlement of Mr. Rufus Wells in the 
work of the ministry' among them ; we hereby signify that we 
well approve of their choice of the said Mr. Rufus Wells, and 
do freely advise to his settlement in the ministry in said 



^53 

Whately ; provided no sufficient obstacle shall appear in the way 
of his settlement there. 

JOSEPH ASHLEY. 

JONATHAN ASHLEY. 

JOHN EMERSON. 

August ye 2d, 1771. 

Formation of a church. As preliminary- to the forma- 
tion of the church, at a town meeting held 13 August. 1771, it 
was voted "That Wednesday the 21st day of this August be 
kept as a day of Fasting and Prayer by ye inhabitants of ye 
town of Whately." 

Voted, That Messrs. David Parsons of Amherst, Joseph 
Ashley of Sunderland, Jonathan Ashley of Deerfield, Samuel 
Hopkins of Hadley and John Emerson of Conway, V. D. M., 
be the persons to perform the ser\-ices of the day of Fasting. 

August 21, 1771. On this day of Fasting and Prayer, 
(writes Mr. Wells in his Church Records) there being present 
on the occasion, Rev. Messrs. Parsons, Jona. Ashley, Hopkins 
and Emerson, after the public services of the day were finished, 
the members in full communion in Whately were embodied into 
a church, being recommended by the church of Christ in Hat- 
field, to which church by far the greatest part that were embod- 
ied did belong, and had communed there in all the ordinances 
of the Gospel. 

The Certificate of recommendation, above alluded to, was 
in the following words : 

These may certify, that the within-mentioned persons are 
members of the church of Christ in Hatfield, in regular stand- 
ing ; and as such are recommended to be embodied in a church 
state among themselves. 

By vote of the, Ch. OBA. DICKINSON. 

Hatfield, August 19, 177J. 

One of the preliminar\' requisites for organizing and incor- 
porating a town in the early days was the fact that an Orthodox 
church had been formed and a learned minister procured, and 
these statements were properly set forth in the petition to the 
Great and General Court as an argument, or a fact, showing 
the fitness of that locality to assume the municipal functions. 
And Whately, desiring to be in the prevailing fashion, took 
steps to secure regular Sabbath ser\'ices. For this purpose a 



154 

subscription paper was drawn up and signed by Edward Brown, 

Daniel Morton, Sr., Elisha Frary, David Scott. Joseph Belden, 

Jr., Thomas Crafts, Peter Train, Benoni Crafts, Capt. Salmon 

White and Elisha Relding, giving in all /8, 6 March, 1771. 

They employed Rufus Wells to preach for them. He was 
a recent graduate from his theological studies, and he preached 
for them six Sabbaths, to April 28th. The town was organized 
and town officers elected 6 May, 177 1. At a meeting adjourned 
from May 6th to May 9th, the town voted to raise thirty pounds 
for preaching and, 4 June. 1771- the town voted to hire Rufus 
Wells to preach six weeks on trial. At the end of the six weeks 
the town voted, '"To give Mr. Rufus Wells a call to settle in the 
Gospel ministry with us." 

The conditions were a "settlement," as it was termed, of 
^133, 6s and 8d, probably paid in land, and a salary of ^55 for 
the first year, and to raise it 40s yearly until it amounted to 
^75. It was also voted, "To allow him £6 more per annum 
for wood, to take place at such time as he should set up house- 
keeping." A pound was reckoned as equal to $3.33^/3. The 
land was on the east side of Chestnut Plain St., and was com- 
posed of lots 23, 24, 25, 26, 27 and 28, in the second division of 
Commons. He also had a lot on the west side of the road, in 
the fourth division. The lots on the east side extended to the 
Claverack road, one-half mile. It is evident that he commenced 
preparation to build, as Dea. Sanderson, in 1772, charges him 
with labor of himself and his two brothers, John and Asa, for 
digging the cellar and a team for drawing stone for the cellar, 
in all eighteen days, as per book of Dea. Thomas Sanderson. 

The next thing done was the formation of a church. To 
make this more impressive, the town held a meeting 13 August, 
1771, when it was voted, "That Wednesday, the 21st of August, 
be kept as a day of fasting and prayer by ye inhabitants of ye 
town of Whately," and the town voted to invite five clergymen 
from the neighboring towns to assist in the exercises of the day. 
During the day, after the public services were over, the mem- 
bers in full communion, as certified to by the clerk of the Hat- 
field church, were embodied as a church. 

The names of the members were as follows : David Graves, 
Sr., Joseph Belden, Sr., Salmon White, Simeon Waite, John 
Waite, Richard Chauncey, Nathan Graves, David Scott, 
Thomas Crafts, Daniel Morton, Israel Graves, Sr., Benjamin 
Smith, Philip Smith, Elisha Frary, Joshua Belden, Elisha Bel- 



loo 

ding, John Waite, Jr., David Graves, Jr., and Oliver Graves, 
Sr. , nineteen in all. There also should be added the names of 
the following ladies : Elizabeth Bardwell, wife of Lieut. Ebe- 
neier; Elizabeth Belden, wife of Paul; Martha Waite, wife of 
Dea. Simeon; Submit Scott, wife of David; Abigail Smith. 
daughter of Elisha ; Eunice Graves, wife of Israel; Mary White, 
wife of Capt. Salmon ; Ruth Belding, wife of Dea. Elisha; Man,' 
Waite, wife of John, Sr. ; Abigail Crafts, wife of Benoni ; Lydia 
Stiles, mother of Capt. Henry ; Ruth Stiles, wife of Capt. 
Henry ; Sarah Smith, wife of Elisha ; Sarah Smith, daughter of 
Elisha; Abigail Graves, wife of David, Sr. ; Jemima Scott, wife 
of Benjamin, Sr. ; Abigail Scott, wife of Benjamin, Jr.; Anna 
Belden, wife of Joshua ; Margaret Belden, wife of Joseph ; Sarah 
Wells, wife of Thomasof Deerfield ; Eleanor Morton, (2) wife of 
Daniel; Miriam Frary. wife of Lieut. Elisha; Elizabeth Chaun- 
cey, wife of Richard; Abigail Smith, wife of Jonathan; Rebecca 
Graves, wife of Dea. Oliver, twenty-five in all ; and George 
Pratt, a slave to Mr. Chauncey. He died 18 Sept., 1794, aged 
75 years. 

The next step was the ordination of Mr. Wells. A council 
of thirteen members was invited from neighboring towns. Capt. 
Salmon White was agreed with to provide for and entertain the 
council which probably convened at his house, some three- 
fourths of a mile from the center, where the services of ordina- 
tion were held. The council met and Mr. Wells was "Set apart 
to the work of the ministry, being made an overseer of the 
church, or flock of Christ, in Whately, by the laying on of the 
hands of the Presbytery," 25 Sept., 1771. The services were 
held under the shade of two large oak trees standing on the 
west side of Chestnut Plain St.. just south of the present resi- 
dence of C. R. Chaffee. A stage was built for the ministers and 
the congregation was seated in front on temporary seats. This 
was a proud day for our young town and, doubtless, for the 
young minister now empow^ered to perform all the acts custo- 
mary for the ministerial order. 

The halfway membership then prevailed of admitting per- 
sons of fair character to the church far enough to have their 
children baptized, but were not allowed to partake of the em- 
blems of Christ's body and blood until they became members in 
full communion by confessing Christ or, as they expressed it, 
"Persons to come to full communion shall be of competent 
knowledge, in the opinion of the pastor; that they publicly pro- 



156 

fess their faith and consent to the church covenant." This con- 
tinued until 1 8 March, iSi6. Brother Joel Waite (a rumseller, 
by the 'way) stated that it was a matter of grief and an offence 
to hijn that this church admitted persons to the privilege of bap- 
tism for their children by consenting to the covenant, and yet 
neglected to attend upon the sacrament of the Lord's supper, 
when he conceived that this practice was not countenanced by 
the word of God. After due consideration the question was put 
and the heretofore practice wis condemned by a unanimous 
vote. Then the pastor closed the meeting with solemn prayer. 

To go back now to the early days when was commenced 
the effort to build a church or meeting-house. And now we will 
allow Mr. Temple to tell the story. Of course, he has to omit 
much of the strife, the wrangling and the heartburnings of this 
people, of which I have heard so much. 

The Meeting-house. At the time of the organization of 
the church and settlement of Rev. Mr. Wells no meeting-house 
had been built. The people first met for religious worship in 
the dwelling house of Oliver Morton. The meetings were held 
here for perhaps two years. December 2, 1771, the town voted, 
"To allow Oliver Morton three pounds for his house to meet in 
for the term of one year." March 6, 1774. voted, "To pay Mr. 
Morton one pound, ten shillings for the use of his house six 
months." Meetings for public vi'orship were also held for a 
time, perhaps a year, at the house of Rev. Mr. Wells, the town, 
as compensation, agreeing to assist him in finishing his house. 

December 2, 1771, a vote was passed, "To make provision 
for a meeting-house." A committee, consisting of David Scott, 
Thomas Crafts, Joseph Belding, Jr., Noah Bardwell and David 
Graves, Jr., was appointed at the same time to carry out the 
above vote. At a meeting a few weeks later the town instructed 
the above committee to provide four thousand feet of pine boards, 
clapboards, window frames and sash and timber suflBcient for 
said meeting-house. The timber was cut wherever it could be 
easiest procured. The boards and joists were sawed at the 
mill of Adonijah Taylor, where Silas Sanderson's mills are now 
located. 

The next spring (March 30, 1772,) the town voted, "To 
provide shingles this present year for the meeting house." These 
were purchased at about ten shillings per thousand. In the fall 
of this year (October 5, 1772,) it was voted, "That the meeting- 
house be set up next spring. ' ' It was also voted at the same time 
"That the meeting-house be placed in the Chestnut Plain street 



157 

(so called) at the most convenient place between the dwelling 
house of Oliver Morton and that of Rufus Wells, V. D. M., in 
Whately.'"' Salmon White, Edward Brown, Oliver Graves, 
Joseph Belding, Jr., and David Scott were chosen building 
committee. The spot they selected was where the meeting- 
house of the First Parish stood. At the same meeting it was 
voted to raise eighty pounds to build said meeting-house, the 
money to be levied by tax on the ratable polls and property of 
the inhabitants. At a town meeting, held, a few months later, 
it was voted, "To build one porch to the meeting-house," but 
the vote was never carried into effect. 

During the winter of 1772-73 the timber and materials were . 
collected and at a meeting, held roMay, 1773, the town granted 
additional money and voted that David Scott be master work- 
man to frame the house. In the course of the two following 
months the house was framed, raised and partially covered. At 
a town meeting held 8 July, 1773, it was voted, "To raise forty 
pounds to go on and finish the meeting-house." The "finish" 
then put on, however, was not of the highest order, as will be 
seen in the particular description which follows: On the outside 
the roof was well shingled, though it had no steeple or tower ; 
the sides and ends were covered with rough boards, chamfered 
together. The windows in the lower story were pretty fully 
glazed; those in the upper stor>" were boarded up. There were 
three doors to the house, one each on the north, east and south 
sides — that on the east side being reckoned the front door. 
These were made of rough boards and not very tightly fitted. 
Thus uniform was the covering upon the outside. The inside 
had no "finish" at all except a ground floor. The sides were 
destitute of both plastering and laths, and the frame work of the 
galleries, the beams, girths and rafters were all naked. A rough 
board pulpit, raised a few feet, was placed in the center of the 
west side. Directly in front of the pulpit, a carpenter's work- 
bench was left. The seat which was placed before this bench 
was claimed by the old ladies, that they might hear better, and 
have a support for the back. The seats were nothing more than 
low slab forms ; these were arranged without much regard to 
order, and were free to all. After some years Mr. Wells nailed 
up a couple of boards on the left of the pulpit, for the better 
accommodation of his wife; and a sort of pew or bench, with a 
back fixed to it. capable of seating six or eight persons, was fit- 
ted up by a few of the young men, on the east side near the 
door. 



158 

The house remained in this state twenty-four or twenty- 
five years. During this time it was hardly more respectable 
in appearance or more comfortable than an ordinary single 
boarded barn. In those days no stoves or fireplaces were found 
in the meeting-house. The men kept their feet warm by thump- 
ing them together ; the women carried foot stoves filled with 
coals from the hearth at home. Families who lived at a dis- 
tance hired a "noon room" somewhere in the village where they 
could eat their lunch, get warm and fill their foot stoves with 
fresh coals. An article was once inserted in the town warrant, 
"To see if the town will grant leave to people that live at a dis- 
tance from meeting, to build a fire in the schoolhouse on Sab- 
bath noons." Passed in the negative. 

It is quite probable that some of his good friends were 
accustomed to make the pastor's kitchen their noon room, and 
that the genial fire and genial fare were the cause of a little tar- 
diness in reaching the sanctuary for the afternoon service. 
Otherwise it is not eas\' to account for the following vote of the 
town: \'oted, "That the intermission on Sunda}' be one hour, 
and that the selectmen be a committee to inform the pastor when 
to begin the exercises and to be punctual." 

In winter drifting snows found easv entrance, and in sum- 
mer the swallows, in great numbers, were accustomed to fly in 
and build their mud nests on the plates and rafters. On the 
Sabbath these social little intruders, twittering as merrily as 
ever, seemed entirely regardless of the people below ; plainly 
having it for their maxim to mind their own business, however 
much the minds and eyes of those below might be attracted to 
themselves. It is said that during the few months of their 
annual stay Mr. Wells seldom or never exchanged with his 
brethren of other towns, giving as a reason, that he feared the 
swallows, to which habit had *familiarized hira, would be too 
great an annoyance to strangers. He could say with the Psalm- 
ist. "The sparrow hath found a house, and the swallow a nest 
for herself, where she may lay her young, even thine altars, O 
Lord of Hosts." 

There were two reasons which prevented the further com- 
pletion of the meeting-house. The first was the war of the Rev- 
olution, which broke out soon after the town was incorporated. 
This for some years absorbed the chief attention of the com- 
munity, and the taxes levied to support it drained the people of 
money. O^he other leason was a division of sentiment about the 



159 

location of tlie house. x\ part demanded that it should be 
moved half a mile to the southwest, to a spot south of "Spruce 
Hill," (in the lot owned in 1S49 by the Rev. John Ferguson) 
and a majority insisted that it should remain on the old spot. 
Many votes were passed and afterwards reconsidered. Many 
expedients were devised by both parties. Numerous commit- 
tees, both of the town's people and disinterested men from 
abroad, were appointed on this question with various results. 
At the town meeting in March. 17S8, a vote was passed and 
insisted, "To raise seventy pounds to repair the meeting-house." 
This led to the drawing up of the following "protest." which 
was presented to the town at a meeting in April : 

"We, the subscribers, the people of the westerly part of the 
town of Whately. whose names are under written, do enter a 
protest to this meeting, 10 April. ijSM, against the proceedings 
of the other parts of the town, that is, in finishing up the 
meeting-house in the place where it now stands. For we have 
been to the cost of having a committee to determine where the 
just spot for the meeting-house to stand is, who determined in 
the centre of the town, and there we are willing to finish it up, 
and nowhere else. 

"John Smith, Elisha Frary, Phineas Frary, Elihu Waite, 
Simeon Morton. Edward Brown, Joel Waite, Reuben Graves. 
John Brown. Moses .Munson, John Starks, Bernice Snow. 
Isaiah Brown. Reuben Taylor, Asa Sanderson. Xoah Bardwell." 

This protest not being heeded, the signers and others with- 
drew and formed a new society. They afterwards erected a 
meeting-house on the Poplar Hill road. This was the origin of 
the Baptist society of Whately. 

The feelings engendered by this long and, at times, bitter 
controversy about the location of the meeting-house were not at 
once subdued. Those who attached themselves to the new 
organization" and paid the expenses incidental to maintaining 
separate ordinances, claimed that they ought to be released from 
liability to pay theirproportion of the expenses of the old church. 
The law was against them, and the majority ot the town 
was against them, and for a series of years they bore 
the double burden. But in 1794 the town voted, "That the 
treasurer pay to all such persons their ministerial rates, as shall 
procure proper certificates of their attending on other teachers, 
and shall profess to differ in sentiment from those Christians 
called Congregationalls." 



i6o 

Although the town voted at this date to raise money to 
repair the meeting-house it does not appear that any funds were 
actually expended for this purpose till 1797. The seventy 
pounds was paid to Mr. Wells for arrearages of his salary. 
Various moneys were raised in different years for repairs, and 
then otherwise expended. 

The town voted, 5 December, 1796, "To raise three hundred 
pounds for repairing the meeting-house," and appointed a com- 
mittee to carry out the vote. In January following, twenty 
pounds additional was granted, and in the spring the work was 
commenced. In the course of the year 1797 the house was 
thoroughly repaired 

The outside was clapboarded and painted, the vacant win- 
dows of the upper story, which had afforded access to the swal- 
lows for so many years, were glazed and paneled doors were put 
in. The inside was also "finished," galleries put up and pews 
built. The pews were square, enclosed with paneled work, 
according to the fashion of the times. The pulpit, situated as 
before, was a plain structure, very high, square corners and pro- 
jecting center, with a hexagonal sounding-board suspended 
above. 

No formal consecration of the house appears to have been 
made at its first opening in 1773. But now that it had been 
made more seemly a day was specially set apart and it was 
solemnly dedicated to God. 

Seating the Meeting-House. At the town meeting, 
held Dec. 4, 1797, it was voted not to sell the pews and, instead, 
a committee of nine persons was chosen, "To seat the meeting- 
house," i. e.. to assign to each family the particular pew they 
were to occupy for a year or longer as the case might be. The 
principle of "seating," at first adopted, is not known. The 
practice prevailed in some years of seating by age and some- 
times by property. At a town meeting, held 19 May, 1800, it 
was voted, "That in seating people, one year in the age of a 
person shall be reckoned equal to one dollar on the list." 

This custom, which prevailed for upwards of twenty years, 
was the occasion of much strife and many jealousies and heart- 
burnings. Individuals and families, disliking their seat mates, 
would sometimes absent themselves entirely from meeting, and, 
in one instance, an individual made an appeal to the town at a 
regular meeting of the inhabitants, and a vote was passed assign- 
ing him a given pew. The pews and internal fixtures erected 
at this time remained in the same state and fashion till 1843. 



l6£ 

In the spring of 1819 the town voted, "To sell the pews in 
the. meeting-house," and in this and the following years, a large 
number of them were sold. Of the avails of this sale of pews, a 
steeple was built upon the south end of the house and a bell 
purchased. This was done in 1821-22. The people now for 
the first time heard the sound of the "church-going bell. 

In the earh' days of the town, perhaps till 1795, it was custo- 
mary to call the people together on the Sabbath, by blowing a 
conch. (In 1795. it was voted. "That the town will not improve 
anybody to blow the conch as a signal for meeting." The iden- 
tical shell is now in possession of Porter Wells.) It was blown 
once an hour before the time of service, and again as the minis- 
ter was approaching the house. From 1795 to 1822 no public 
signal was given, the people assembling at their pleasure. 

In 1843 the meeting-house was entirely remodeled, but the 
original frame erected by Master Scott in 1773, being found per- 
fectly sound, was left unaltered. 

After the reunion of the First and Second parishes this 
house was sold and taken down (1867) and the united congre- 
gation removed to the house built by the Second parish, stand- 
ing just south of the old parsonage. 

Statistics. The original number who subscribed and 
assented to the covenant of the church was forty-three. The 
number of person admitted to full membership during Rev. Mr. 
Wells' pastorate, i. e., up to 1822,- was, according to the church 
records, 374. But as many who were received to "covenant 
privileges" were accustomed to partake of the sacrament some 
names were unintentionally omitted from the records, and the 
actual number in communion is believed to be 488. The total 
number of members received to church fellowship, from 177 1 to 
187 1 is 740. 

Rev. Mr. Wells. In accordance with the customs of the 
times Mr. Wells managed the affairs of a large and productive 
farm in connection with his ministerial duties. He was emi- 
nently successful in both callings. His accounts, often quoted 
from in these pages, filled a large sized folio of 285 pages. He 
also acted as conveyancer and counselor in drawing up con- 
tracts, filling deeds and writing wills. His charge for drawing 
up a lease or writing a will, was one shilling ; for drawing up a 
bond, two shillings. After the death of his first wife, in 1796, 
to whom he was tenderly attached, he suffered for a time from 
mental depression which amounted to partial insanity. While 



■ l62 

he was in this state, by advice of the Association a day of fast- 
ing and prayer was appointed by the church, as it appears, with- 
out consulting the pastor. It was arranged that Rev. Mr. Tay- 
lor of Deerfield should preach in the morning, and Rev. Hr. 
Porter of Ashfield in the afternoon. Mr. Taylor prepared a ser- 
mon on the subject of mental derangement not expecting that 
Mr. Wells would attend the meeting. But just before the ser- 
mon was to commence, he entered the meeting-house and took 
a seat. The preacher \^ as a good deal disconcerted and begged 
of Mr. Porter to preach in his stead. But the latter declined 
and insisted that Mr. Ta\lor should preach the sermon which he 
had prepared. It proved to be a wise arrangement. Before 
this Mr. Wells had not realized his mental condition, but 
thought that his friends treated him strangely and acted like 
enemies. Towards the close of the afternoon service, which he 
also attended, while pondering the question why his friends had 
thus treated him, he was led to the conclusion that something 
was wrong in himself, that he was in fact deranged. A reac- 
tion at once began and his mind recovered its former tone and 
strength. 

Mr. Wells continued to discharge in full the duties of pas- 
tor till 1S22, a period of fifty years, when the infirmities of age, 
then apparently about to break down his constitution, induced 
him and the people to seek a colleague. At the same time he 
consented to a reduction of one hundred dollars from his 3'early 
salary. After this date, however, he recovered in a measure 
his strength and would occasionalh* exercise the functions of 
his office till near the time of his death. 

His last (recorded) public act was the marriage of his 
granddaughter, Miss Sarah Wells, to Silas Rice 8 November, 
1 83 1. The entry of this in the church record in his own hand, 
now tremulous and uncertain, forms a striking contrast to the 
plain, bold penmanship of his earh- prime. He died 8 November, 
1834., in the ninety-second year of his age. The sermon at 
his funeral was preached by Rev. Nathan Perkins of Amherst, 
who was then the oldest survivor of Mr. Wells' particular 
associates. 

It would be foreign to my purpose to give an extended 
analysis of the character of Rev. Mr. Wells. Let it suffice to 
say that he was a man of undoubted piet}', his sermons were 
largely scriptural and practical, rather than doctrinal ; he rebuked 
and exhorted with all his long-suffering and gentleness. As a 



i63 

preacher he held a respectable rank among his coteniporaries, 
as a pastor he was pre-eminently a peace-maker, as a man he 
was verv' affable and of good social qualities. He made no ene- 
mies and was kind and faithful to his friends. 

In the course of his ministry Mr. Wells married three hun- 
dred and five couples and administered baptism to nine hundred 
and fifty-six persons. He wrote about three thousand sermons, 
a few of which were printed. His last sermon, written probably 
with no idea that it would be the last, was on Heb. iv. 9: 
"There remaineth therefore a rest to the people of God." 

But to return to the thread of our narrative. At a town 
meeting held 21 December, 1S21, Capt. Salmon Graves, moder- 
ator, it was voted, "To give Mr. Lemuel P. Bates (of South- 
ampton) a call to settle in the gospel ministry as colleague pas- 
tor with the Rev. Rufus Wells. Voted, "To give Mr. Bates 
three hundred and fifty dollars salary per year, during Mr. 
Wells' natural life and four hundred fifty dollars per year dur- 
ing his ministry with us after the decease of Mr. Wells." 

Voted, "To give Mr. Bates five hundred dollars settlement 
to be paid in three annual instalments, and if he leaves us before 
the three years are expired he draws only in proportion to the 
time he preaches with us." 

Voted, "That Mr. Bates have the privilege of being dis- 
missed, by giving the town one year's notice, and the town have 
the privilege of dismissing Mr. Bates by giving him one year's 
notice, provided either party holds that mind during the year." 

This last vote was the occasion of some distrust on the part 
of the ordaining council. Dr. Lyman of Hatfield warmly pro- 
tested against the conditions therein implied, and it was not till 
the parties concerned declared it was their understanding, "That 
Mr. Bates could not be dismissed without the advice of an eccle- 
siastical council," that the council consented to proceed to the 
examination of the candidate. 

Mr. Bates was ordained 13 February, 1S22. The order of 
exercises was as follows: Introductory prayer, Rev. James 
Ta^'lor of Sunderland; sermon, Rev. Zephaniah Swift Moore. 
D. D., president of Amherst college; consecrating prayer, Rev. 
Dr. Lyman of Hatfield; charge to the pastor. Rev. John Emer- 
son of Conway ; right hand of fellowship, Rev. Wm. B. Sprague 
of West Springfield; charge to the people, Rev. Henry Lord of 
Williamsburg; concluding prayer, Rev. Vinson Gould of South- 
ampton. 



164 

It is a somewhat remarkable fact that one of the above 
council, Rev. John Emeison of Conway, was a member of the 
council which ordained Rev. Mr. Wells, the first pastor of the 
church fifty j'ears before. 

By the terms of his settlement ^Ir. Rates could claim but 
three hundred and fifty dollars annual salary, as the senior pas- 
tor was still living. But in 1828, '29 and '32 the parish 
(which was organized separate from the town 30 April, 1828,) 
granted him one hundred dollars additional. He held the office 
of pastor for the term of ten 3-ears and was disniissed 17 October, 
1832. 

After the dismission of Rev. L. P. Bates the church 
remained destitute of a pastor for four years. The pulpit was 
regularly supplied the while by various ministers and candidates, 
among whom were Rev. Messrs. Packard of Shelburne and Rev, 
John Eastman. 

The third pa.stor was Rev. John Ferguson of Dunse, Ber- 
wickshire, Scotland, previously settled in Attleboro. The 
terms of his settlement were five hundred dollars annual salar\', 
wath the condition, "That the existing connection may be dis- 
solved at the pleasure of either part}' by an ecclesiastical coun- 
cil." He was installed 16 March, 1836, the sermon being 
preached by Rev. John Todd of Pittsfield. Mr. Ferguson was 
dismissed 17 June, 1840. 

The church now continued without a settled ministry five 
years. The pulpit was supplied during the interim by Rev. 
Moses Chase, Rev. Sumner Lincoln, Mr. Porter H. Snow, Mr. 
John W. Salter and the faculty of Amherst college. Mr. Salter 
was invited to settle 17 February, 1843. Mr. Snow was invited 
10 April, 1845, but both declined. 

The fourth pastor was Rev. J. H. Temple of Framingham, 
who was ordained 30 September, 1845, the Rev. Joel Hawses, 
D. D. of Hartford, Conn., preaching the sermon. The terms of 
his settlement were "Five hundred dollars a year as a salary as 
long as he is our minister, with liberty to take a vacation of 
three Sabbaths a year; that when either party becomes dis- 
satisfied, one month's notice shall be given, and this contract 
shall end and the connection be dissolved in the usual way." 
Mr. Temple was dismissed 24 March, 1852. 

The fifth pastor was Rev. Charles N . Seymour of Hartford, 
Conn., who was installed g March, 1853. The sermon was 
preached by Rev. Nahum Gale, professor in the Theological 



1 65 

seminar}' at East Windsor Hil], Conn. He was dismissed 27 
April, 1S59. 

The sixth pastor was Rev. John \V. Lane of' South New- 
market. N. K.. who was ordained 17 October, i860. Professor 
Austin Phelps, D. D.. of .Andover Theological seminary preached 
the sermon, and W. A. Stearns, D. D.. president of Amherst 
college, made the ordaining prayer. Mr. Lane's salary was 
fixed at eiglit hundred dollars a year. In the century- since its 
orgmization the church has had a settled pastorate for eighty- 
nine \-ears. 

Communion' Furniture. The two flagons and the two 
tankards were purclaased in [797 from funds bequeathed to 
the church by Deacon Obadiah Dickinson of Hatfield. The two 
silver cups and four tumblers were presented to the church in 
1822 by Messrs. Francis, Reuben and Aaron Belden. The sil- 
ver baptismal basin was presented by Miss Judith White. In 
1865 two silver plated plates were purchased. 

Singing. Choristers, "To set the psalms in meeting," 
were chosen by the church till 1821 when they were elected by 
the choir. The persons first chosen by the church, 16 Oct., 
1771, were: John Waite, Jr., John Graves and Elihu Graves. 
Those chosen by the choir in 1S21 were R. B. Harwood and 
Luther Warner. 

In 179S the town voted, "Twenty dollars to revive singing 
in the town : That four pounds of it be laid out in the east part 
of the town for the above purpose, and forty shillings be laid 
out in the west part to support a ciphering school or a singing 
school, as the inhabitants of that part shall decide, both schools 
to be free for all parts of the town and be under the direction of 
the selectmen." 

Sabbath School. It is believed that the first eflfort to 
gather children into classes on the Sabbath for religious instruc- 
tion in Whately was made by Misses Chloe Adkins and Ruth 
Dickinson. This was probably in the year 1820. The children 
learned verses of Scripture and hymns of their own selection. 
Mr. Wells was accustomed to go into the centre school on Sat- 
urday to see if the children had selected and committed to mem- 
ory the lesson for the next day. Xo regular school was organ- 
ized till after the settlement of Mr. Bates — perhaps not till 1826. 

The early teachers, besides the two already named, were 
Lucinda Bates, Ann Edwards, Harriet Frary, Lydia Allis, Dea. 



i66 

James Smith, Dea. Justus White, Spencer Bardwell. Luther 
Warner, John White. One of the deacons was probably the 
first superintendent. For a number of years after its organiza- 
tion the school drew in most of the children and many of the 
older church members, who formed adult classes for the study 
of the Bible. 

Clergymen who Originated in Whately. 

Alvan Sanderson, bom 13 December, 17S0, sun of Thomas 
and Lucy Sanderson; graduated at Williams college 1802; stud- 
ied theology with Rev. Dr. Hvde of Lee and Rev. Dr. Lvman 
of Hatfield : licensed by Berkshire association 17 October, 1804 ; 
ordained an evangelist at Westhampton 4 Feb., 1807, (sermon 
bv Rev. Rufus Wells) ; installed colleague with Rev. Nehemiah 
Porter, Ashfield, 22 June, 1808, died 22 June, 1S17. 

Pomeroy Belden, born 15 March, 1811, son of Aaron and 
Sarah Belden; graduated at Amherst college in 1833; Andover 
Theological seminary 1836 ; ordained an evangelist at Warwick 
8 August, 1837; preached as stated supply at Deerfield from 
1837 to 1842 ; installed in Amherst, East Parish, 14 September. 
1842 ; died 2 March, 1849. 

Alonzo Sanderson, born 24 June, 1808, son of Joseph and 
Content Sanderson ; graduated at Amherst college in 1834; An- 
dover Theological seminary in 1837; ordained at Ludlow in 
January 1839; installed at Tolland 12 July, 1843; installed at 
Wellington, Ohio, i March, 1S54. Mr. Sanderson was born in 
Bernardston, but regarded Whately as his ancestral home. 

William Bardw^ll, born 13 October, 18 13, son of Orange and 
Euphame t'.ardw^ell ; studied at Wesley an university. Middle- 
town, Conn.; ordained by Methodist conference May, 1846; 
died at Northampton 1851. 

Perez Chapin, born 29 April, 1783, so;i of Perez (M. D.) 
and Elizabeth Chapin; graduated at Middlebury college 1808; 
studied theology with Rev. Abijah Wines, Newport, N. H. ; 
licensed in Cornish, N. H., March, 1810; ordained at Pownal, 
Me., 20 March, iSii ; died 27 January, 1839. He was a "Model 
of a minister of Jesus Christ." 

Lucius W. Chapman, born 7 January, 1820, son of Isaac 
and Hannah Chapman ; studied at Shelburne Falls academy ; 
licensed in Westmoreland county. Pa., 5 February, 1842, and 
ordained as a Baptist minister in Jefferson county, Pa., 14 Octo- 
ber, 1842 ; became a Presbyterian and was installed pastor of 



167 

the Presbyterian church at Lycoming Centre, November, 1849: 
residence in 1S54 Munroetown, Pa. 

Rufus Porter Wells, born 4. February, 1818, son of Thomas 
and Mary Wells; graduated at Amherst college in 1842 ; gradu- 
ated at Union Theological seminary, New York, 1845 ; licensed 
by Third Presbyter}' of New York iS April, 1S45 : ordained an 
evangelist in Jonesboro, E. Tenn., by the Holston Presbytery 
26 September, 1S46; installed at Jonesboro 17 August, 1850. 
When the civil war broke out in 1861 Mr. Wells declined to 
pray for the success of the new confederacy and lost the sympa- 
thy of a large portion of his church ; and rather than suffer con- 
fiscation and imprisonment with other Union men, after long and 
perplexing delays and a journey with his family to Richmond 
and back, he procured a pass and went through the lines by way 
of Murfreesboro, Lebanon and Gallatin, Tenn., crossing the 
Cumberland river in a canoe 27 November, 1862. He preached 
to the United • Presbyterian and Congregational churches of 
Prairie du Sac, Wis., till March, 1864, then one year to the 
Second Presbyterian church of Thorntown and the Bethel Pres- 
byterian" church of Boone county, Ind. He spent the year 1S65 
in labors with the Second Presbyterian church of Kuoxville, 
Tenn. In April, 1S66, he commenced gathering a Congrega- 
tional church at Gilbertsville in the town of Hardwick. The 
church was organized 7 March, 1867, with thirty-eight members 
and increased to fifty-three. He left Gilbertsville'December. 
1868 ; was installed pastor of the Congregational church at 
Southampton 5 January, 1S69. 

George R. Ferguson, born in Attleboro 19 March, 1829, 
son of Rev. John and Margaret S. Ferguson ; graduated at Am- 
herst college 1849; studied at Andover Theological seminary- 
1858-59; licensed by Franklin County association July 1858; 
acting pastor at Northeast, Dutchess county, N. Y., for many 
years. 

Horace B. Chapin, who was installed colleague with Rev. 
Enoch Hale of Westhampton 8 July, 1829, dismissed i May, 
1837; installed at Danville, Me.. 24 July. 1839, was son of Dr. 
Perez and Elizabeth Chapin of Whately, but was born after his 
parents removed to Benson, Vt. 

The church was instituted 21 August, 1771. 

These may certify that the following named persons, viz. : 
Salmon White, Simeon Waite, John Waite, Richard Chauncey, 
Nathan Graves, David Scott, Thomas Crafts, Daniel Morton, 



i68 

Israel Graves, Benjamin Smith, Philip Smith, Elisha Frary, 
Joshua Beldiiig, John Waite, Jr., David Graves, Jr., Elisha 
Belding, Oliver Graves are members of the church of 'Christ in 
Hatfield in regular standing, and as such are recommended to 
be embodied in a church state among themselves. 
By vote of the church, 

OBA. DICKINSON. 
Hatfield, ig Aug., 1771. 

In addition to these, the following persons consented to the 
covenant and were embodied into church state, viz.: Ebenezer 
Bardwell, Elizabeth Bardwell, Elizabeth Belden, Submit Scott, 
Abigail Smith, Martha "Waite, Eunice Graves, Mary White, 
Ruth Belden, Mary Waite, .\bigail Crafts. Lydia Stiles, Ruth 
Stiles, Sarah Smith, Sarah Smith, Jr., Abigail Graves, Jemima 
Scott, Abigail Scott, Anna Belden, Margaret Belden, Sarah 
Wells, Eleanor Morton, Miriam Frary, Elizabeth Chauncey, 
Abigail Smith and George Prutt. The Intter was a slave be- 
longing to Richard Chauncey and died 18 Sept.. 1794, 75 years 
of age. 

Of the above Elizabeth Belden was the wife of Paul, Mar- 
tha Waite wife of Dea. Simeon, Ruth Belden wife of Dea. 
Elisha, Mary W'aite wife of John, Jr., Abigail Crafts wife of 
Benoni, Margaret Belden wife of Joseph, Sarah Wells mother 
of Rev. Rufus, Eleanor Morton wife of Daniel, Abigail Smith 
wife of Jonathan, Elizabeth Belden wife of Paul and a daughter 
of Lieut. Ebenezer Bardwell. 

There were eighteen males including George Prutt." a pious 
old slave of Richard Chaunce}', and Lieut. Ebenezer Bardwell 
who seems to have been admitted at the same time, thus increas- 
ing the nunjber to nineteen male members and twenty-four 
females, in all forty-three. 

To this number was speedily added quite a number of both 
sexes. Great efforts were made to sustain the preached word 
for quite a time and quite through the war of the Revolution, 
the efforts of the people to maintain their meetings, though 
pinched for the want of ready money, foregoing school as well 
as dispensing with everything that was deemed a luxur\-, but 
which would now be regarded as absolute necessities. 

Money raised for the support of the public schools was used 
to pay Mr. W^ells' salary, as well as seventy pounds raised by a tax 
levy voted at the March meeting in 1788, five years after the close 



169 

of the Revolutionary war. This was raised to repair the meet- 
ing-house. This, too, was paid to Mr. Wells. 

Mr. Temple well observes, "That Mr. Wells managed the 
affairs of a large and productive farm in connection with his 
ministerial duties." He was eminently successful in both call- 
ings-. He was not personally required to pay a tax on his nice 
farm. He was an excellent accountant and seemed determined 
that his book should balance without any loss to himself. 

The confession of faith and the covenant are in the usual 
form in the Congregational denomination. The ordination of 
Mr. Wells was in the usual form, thirteen churches of the'neigh- 
borhood being invited as a council. They met "And set apart 
Mr, Rufus Wells to the work of the ministry, being made an 
overseer of the church or flock of Christ in Whately by the lay- 
ing on of the hands of the Presbytery, 25 Sept ., 1771 ." The ser- 
vices were held under the shade of two large oaks, on the west 
side of the street, near the residence of the late Dr. Myron Har- 
wood. The sermon was by Rev. Jonathan Ashley of Deerfield, 
I Timothy, iv : 6. 

The halfway covenant prevailed for many years that per- 
sons not of scandalous character, could solemnly confess the 
covenant. This permitted such persons to have their children 
baptized. It was deemed efficacious in case of the death of the 
child in infancy, as only such could be saved. This was 
changed in 1816, and only full fledged church members were 
accorded the right to have their children baptized. 

When one reflects for a moment he finds who among our 
people was so aggrieved that he could not endure the "grief and 
offense" that the church should continue the practice of baptiz- 
ing the children of such persons, and asks, who was Joel Waite? 
Why a man who sold mm for years at his hotel in the Straits. 
How often it is that men of this class are very ostentatious in 
their professions of possessing sensibilities. 

At the time of the ordination of Mr. Wells, Capt. Salmon 
White provided for the council. His house was nearly a mile 
from the place where the ceremony was performed. And we 
who live in a different environment are led to wonder at the 
unusual trouble they took to go so far. Then there were but 
two houses between the house of Capt. White and the place 
where the meeting was held, and probably both were small and 
inconvenient for such a council to convene in. I have often 
tried to picture that gathering of our grandsires and great- 



170 

grandsires, with their wives and children, all intent upon per- 
forming this most important step in building a foundation for 
our new town, filled with pious zeal and anxious that this im- 
portant work should be done well and properly. And with 
what satisfaction, not to say exultation, they clung to the young 
man who had cast his lot with them and was, this beautiful 
autumnal day, made their minister, their friend and guide. 

This was the culmination of all their aspirations. They 
had settled on their farms and had labored and hoped aye, 
prayed. Oh! how earnestly, for the time when the}- could wor- 
ship their God in their own little town. And now looking back 
upon their efforts to progress to higher and better conditions, 
we should be ingrates did we not regard their labors with pride 
and gratification, that they so boldly worked for the upbuilding 
of religion, of good morals in the community, for without such 
a foundation to build upon, their organization as a town would 
have lost its best, its crowning glory. 

The next thing was to have a meeting-house. As Mr. 
Temple has so eloquently told the story of the town's struggles 
to surmount the various obstacles that for j^ears compelled them 
to worship in a building not as good as the ordinary barn of to- 
day, I will only add that my hearty respect for the pluck and 
endurance of our grandsires can onh' make me wish that their 
descendants were equally meritorious. 

When the bell was purchased, late in the fall of 1821, the 
writer was in his fifth year and well recollects hearing it rung 
when it was swung up on the south plate of Capt. Salmon 
Graves' woodshed, and it was rung amid the cheers of hosts of 
men and women, as well as of a crowd of girls and boys. This 
was on Thursday and it was rung by Mr. Simeon Reed, and 
that evening the first curfew was rung. 

The Sunday following it was rung at the same place for 
meeting and at noon w'hen it was rung, I was there to see it as 
well as to hear its tones. It seemed as though the whole town 
thronged the grounds of Capt. Graves. In those days, all went 
to meeting and stayed to both services. The next week it was 
hoisted into the belfry, and every evening at 9 o'clock it rung 
out cheerfully, until about i860 when clocks were so abundant 
that the town declined to continue the practice. I well recall 
the facts related about its journey, its being hoisted b}' willing 
hands to its place. It was slid up on long smooth poles to the 
belfry window. 



171 

In December, 1821, the town voted to give Mr. Lemuel P. 
Bates a call to settle as a colleague pastor with yir. Wells at a 
salary of $350 per year, to be increased to S450 after the decease 
of Mr. Wells, and what was called a "settlement" of S500 to be 
paid in three installments. He wasordained 13 Feb., 1S22, and 
was dismissed 17 Oct., 1832. He is remembered for his unsav- 
ory reputation. The town ceased its control about 1S2S or '29 
and the parish was organized. There has since been settled 
quite a number of'different clergymen, among them Rev. John 
Ferguson, Rev. J. H. Temple, Rev. Charles N. Seymour, Rev. 
John W. Lane, Rev. M. F. Hardy and novv '^iS^^j Rev. George 
L. Dickinson. In the interim between settled ministers I recall 
Rev. Mr. Snow, Rev. Mr. Chase, Rev. Mr. Lincoln, Rev. Mr. 
Salter, Rev. Mr. Curtis, and there were others that I do not 
now recall. At the second church Rev. J. S. Judd was settled 
in October, 1843, and dismissed in 1855. He was succeeded by 
Rev. Charles Lord, who was settled in 1856 and dismissed 
in i860. 

The second church was formed by the secession of seven- 
teen members from the first one who withdrew on account of 
the lack of sound orthodox preaching. They claimed that the 
preaching was verging towards Methodism. These seventeen 
were soon followed by others to the number of seventy-five in all, 
and were properly organized into a church. I well recollect 
hearing one Sunday a discourse, largely upon free agency, and 
seeing the scowls that covered the faces of some of the good 
people. One lady who sat in a chair became so much incensed 
that she arose and, grasping her chair with both hands and 
turning her back to the minister, set down her chair with a bang 
that attracted every eye. So it was the straight laced Calvinist 
that seceded and then, as more liberal thought })ervaded the 
community after the decease of the original members, the two 
churches were again happily reunited in 1867. They enlarged 
the new meeting-house, raising and fitting it up in good shape 
so that it is a matter of pride to the whole town. 

The Baptist church probably grew out of the fierce quarrel 
over the location of the meeting-house. There were, perhaps, a 
few full-fledged Baptists living in town that believed in the 
necessity of immersion, and others in the adjoining towns who 
joined with them. They built a meeting-house, on Poplar Hill 
road, two stories high, with a gallery on three sides. In 18 17, 
the parish voted, "To cut it down four (4) feet and remove the 



172 

galleries." This was done by sawing off the posts and studding, 
thus lowering the cliurch, and then finished off into what was 
called slips. This wa.s rededicated in October, 1S17, the sermon 
being given by Rev. David Pease of Ashfield The first nnnis- 
ter was Rev. Asa Todd from Westfield. He was doubtless an 
excellent man, but very deficient in educational qualifications, 
judging by the church records that he kept. He was followed 
by Rev St::?phen Barker from Heath, Rev. John R. Goodnough, 
Rev. Lorenzo Rice, who remained several years, then Rev. 
James Parker and then Rev. George Bills, an Englisliman. 
Since Mr. Bills they have had occasional preaching, but gave 
up their orgainzation 23 Aug., 1850. 

After 181 S a small Methodist society was organized and a 
certificate reciting the facts was filed with the town clerk. It is 
quite likely this was to avoid taxation by the regular orthodox 
church, as then every taxpayer was taxed by the town for the 
support of the regular order, and many avoided this by filing 
their certificates with the town clerk that they were members of 
some other religious society. 

The Universalist societ}' was organized 20 May, 1839. The 
warrant was issued for the first regular meeting by Luke B. 
White, Esq., on a petition of fourteen of its members dated 18 
April, 1S39. A constitution and by-laws were adopted with the 
understanding that as man}- Sabbath meetings should be held 
as the funds raised would allow. It began wdth one Sunday 
per month for the first year and ended in i860 with preaching 
half of the time. On the formation of the Unitarian society, in 
1865, the members of the Universalist all joined heartily with 
those who favored the forming of the Unitarian society, and a 
meeting-house was built and dedicated 17 Jan., 1867. The pas- 
tors were Rev. E. B. Fairchild, three years. Rev. George H. El- 
dridge, two years, and Rev. Leonard W. Brigham, about three 
and one-half years, with several young men in the interim of 
settled pastors. A large number of the w^ealthiest members 
removed to other towns, and the society ceased to exist about 
the year 1876. 




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CHAPTER X. 

WHATELY ROADS. 

The system of highways originally adopted by Hatfield, 
and partially carried out before the incorporation of this town, 
has been already mentioned. The idea was to give ever\' land- 
owner ready access to his several lots. The system was roads 
running north and south through the town, crossed at right 
angles by east and west roads, extending from the meadows to 
the town limits. This could be easily effected because the sys- 
tem was devised before the Commons were divided. 

The Straits road was the Indian trail and practicalh' di- 
vided the River Meadows from the Upland Commons. The 
Chestnut Plain road was a space of ten rods wide left between 
the two main divisions of Commons. The east and west roads 
were reserved lots in the Commons. The only cross roads 
within Whately limits, laid out by Hatfield, were the Christian 
Lane, between lots No. 36 and 37 in the second division, and 
Mt. Esther road, between lots No. 26 and 27 in the fourth 
division. These two roads, as laid out in 17 16, were coinci- 
dent at the Chestnut Plain crossing, atid taken together ex- 
tended from the west line of the Bradstreet farm, to "the end of 
the six miles from the great river." The course was not quite 
a straight line, as the Mt. Esther road from Chestnut Plain bore 
due east and west. All the roads laid by Hatfield were ten 
rods wide. 

It seems to have been the original intention to lay the north 
and south thrmigh roads at about half a mile distant from each 
other, and it was pretty well understood- where the line of a road 
would be. This is shown by the location of the earliest houses. 



174 

Capt. Lucius Allis, Lieut. Elisha Frpry, Edward Brown, Simeon 
Morton and other settlers knew where to build, and a road was 
sure, in due time, to come to them. 

The road north and south over Spruce Hill and Chestnut 
mountain to Hatfield line was laid out by Whately in 1772, and 
the same year the town voted. "That Samuel Dickinson have 
liberty to make bars or gates near the southerly end of this road 
for his convenience." These gates were ordered to be removed 
and the road made an open highway in 17S3. 

The road from Conway line over Poplar hill by the Baptist 
meeting-house, and so on over Hog mountain to the south line 
of the town, was laid out 1773 and was early accepted as a 
county road. A road from Conway line to the south line of 
Whately, west of the Poplar hill road was laid out in 1774.. 
Probably the following has reference to this road: 17S5, 
"Voted, To open and clear the road running southerly from 
Simeon Morton's by Paul Smith's to Williamsburg line." 

A road was laid in 177S from Conway line southerly to the 
highway south of Elisha Frary's, and from the above highway 
between said Frary's house and barn, southeasterly. Probably 
this was a designated line of a through road but its history is 
obscure. It seems to have been continued to West brook, and 
along the north bank of said brook to meet the Stony hill road, 
and the road running southwesterly, by the southwest school- 
house, was probably a branch or continuation of it in that 
direction. 

The line of the Claverack road, probably so named by the 
soldiers who returned from an expedition to Claverack, N. Y., 
in 1779, perhaps from a real or fancied resemblance to that place, 
seems to have been established by tradition and worked as 
houses were built. The following votes probably refer to this 
line: 1777, a committee was chosen to view a road from the Egypt 
road north to the Deerfield line and surv^ey the same. 1780, a 
road three rods wide was laid from Eleazer Frary's to Hatfield 
line, "Beginning half a mile east of Chestnut Plain street, to 
lands reser\-ed by the proprietors of Hatfield for a road at the 
east end of Mill Swamp." 1779, Voted, "To lay. a road to the 
dwelling house of Ebenezer Bardwell, Jr." It is likely that the 
whole line was originally known as the "Island road", and that 
it was actually opened from Christian Lane .south in 1780, 

To "lay out" a road, and to "accept" a road, as the terms 
were then used, probably fail to convey a true idea to us now. 



175 

A vote to that eflfect did not show that a highway was put in 
complete order and well graded, but meant that a way was 
marked out and was made passable or possible. Sometimes it 
only meant that if a person traveled the designated route he 
should not be liable -for damages for crossing his neighbor's land 
and that if he got mired the sur\'e}'or was bound to help him 
out without charge. In 1771 the town granted £16 for repair- 
ing highways and allowed 2s. 6d. per day for highway work, 
which would give only 128 days' work for all the roads. 

The plan of east and west roads, as actually laid out, is 
ver>^ complicated and the record very confused. Excepting 
Christian Lane, and the Mt. Esther road from Spruce hill west- 
ward, scarcely one remains to-day as originally established, and 
the line of many of the early crossroads would be wholly unin- 
telligible to the present generation. A "close" road was often 
laid to accommodate a single individual. The roads leading 
from Chestnut Plain street to Belden's mills, were laid, and re- 
laid, and altered, and discontinued as new interests sprung up. 
And the same is true of the roads in the southwest and north- 
v/est parts of the town. Convenience for the time being was. 
perhaps unavoidably, the rule of location and discontinuance. 

In 1772 the town voted that both the westerly and easterly 
(i. e. from Chestnut Plain as a base line) crossroads be laid 
out three rods wide. And where not otherwise specified this is 
believed to be the uniform width. 

The road from Chestnut Plain near the old meeting-house, 
southeasterly through "Egypt" to Hatfield, does not appear to 
have been accepted as a highway by either Hatfield or Whately, 
though it was the convenient and the traveled way from the 
earliest settlement of the territory. 

Christian Lane and the road over Mount Esther, as already 
stated, were reserved lots ten rods wide and were in a continu- 
ous line. The lane was a "bridle path" in 1756 and a rough 
log "causeway" in 1761, and Mill river was then crossed by a 
fordway. In 1773 the town voted to build a foot bridge over 
the Mill River swamp, near the house of Dea. Simeon Wait (the 
J. C. Loomis place.) Originally the lane extended only to the 
Straits, The road from Bartlett's corner to Canterbury, north 
of the cemetery, was laid in 1820. 

. From Chestnut Plain westerly the road, as first traveled, 
followed nearly the line of the reserved lot, var>'ing only to 
escape-"The gutter" and to get an easier ascent up the hilL 



176 

That part "From the foot of Mt. Esther through land of Ensign 
Elisha AUis to Abraham Turner's barn on Poplar Hill" was 
laid out in 1773. From the foot of Mt. Esther to the Chestnut 
Plain street the location has been changed several times. In 
1786 the town voted to establish the alterations in the highway 
from Whately meeting-house to Conway, beginning four rods 
south of the brook and runniiig through the northeast part of 
Jonathan AUis' land on the old road, etc.. and to the old road 
near the foot of the hill near Dea. Samuel Wells' house in Con- 
way. In iSoi record is made of a new location from Chestnut 
Plain road on Levi Morton's north line to the old road near the 
pound. West lane, as it now runs, was laid out in 1S19. 

Probablv the Hatfield authorities had no thought of a new 
town when they marked off the Commons and reserved the lots 
for highwa}'s. But the intersection of those reserved highway 
lots determined where the central village of the newitown should 
be. And this line from Bartlett's corner to Poplar Hill was the 
natural location for a road. Great swamp could not be so 
readily crossed at any other point, and the ascent of the hills 
was most feasible here. This was the earliest opened of any of 
' the crossrcads ar.d was the most important, as it furnished a 
convenient way for the Canterbun- and Straits people, on the 
one hand, and the West Whately families on the other, to get to 
meeting on the Sabbath and to town meeting. 

After ready access to the meeting-house had been obtained 
the next important care was to secure a convenient way to mill. 
Taylor's mills, which best accommodated many families, were 
over the line in Deerfield and consequenth' the road up Indian 
Hill is not noticed on our records. Belden's mills at West 
brook were accessible from the Straits b}^ means of the road on 
the Hatfield side of the line running west, near where the pres- 
ent road runs and so across West brook bridge. 

Roads for general convenience were established early. In 
r776 a committee was appointed to view a road from Poplar Hill 
road, beginning seven rods north of West brook bridge, and 
running southwesterly to Dry Hill, and another committee to 
view a road running northwesterly from Poplar Hill road, 
beginning at the north end of Noah Field's land, to Conway 
line. This last was laid out the next year; In 1779 the town 
voted, "That the road which leads from the Straits to Nathaniel 
Coleman's be an open road, with this restriction, that Benjamin 
Scott, Jr., shall keep a good gate at Deerfield road, another on 



177 

Hopewell Hill one month, another the whole of the year at the 
south side of his land in Hopewell." Mention is made Jan. 8, 
1778, of a road laid across land of Abial Bragg and Oliver 
Graves. 

In 1779 a road was laid to Joseph Nash's and the next 
year from Joseph Xash's to the Conway line. In 1780 the 
road east of Ebenezer Scott's land was discontinued. In 1783 a 
road was laid from Asa Sanderson's westerly to the Williams- 
burg line. In 17S5 a close road three rods wide was laid out 
from the river road, at a point eight rods north of Joshua Bel- 
den's house to the Connecticut river, and near the same time 
Mr. Belden opened a ferry across the river. A way was also 
laid out that year from Poplar Hill road by the Elijah Sanderson 
place to Moses Munson's mill. A road was laid out the same 
year from the road running west from John Smith's northerly to 
Poplar Hill road near Peter Train's house. 

Of the roads laid in comparatively modern times one from 
Chestnut Plain to the Island, between lands of Capt. Henry 
Stiles and Lieut. John White, was established in 18 10. The 
highway from Dea. James Smith's mills down the valley by 
Capt. Seth Bardwell's, was laid out in 1S24. The road from the 
foot of Spruce Hill, southwesterly to the Hiram Smith place, was 
laid out in 1S34. The road to South Deerfield, from Gutter 
bridge through Great swamp, was established in 1835, and the 
next year the way leading from the lane north was relocated, 
and near the swamp moved to the west. 

The Deerfield road was in use probably as early as the set- 
tlement of Deerfield, about 1671, and was in constant use in 
1764 as the only way to communicate with the people of Deer- 
field. This road leaves the Main street in Hatfield between the 
houses — when I was a boy — of Solomon Dickinson and his 
brother's widow, Nancy Dickinson, then by the Elisha Waite 
place, up Clay Hill, so called, on to the second level then fol- 
lowed a northerly course through the Straits to South Deerfield, 
keeping on the Plain to the Straits and so over the North plain. 

For many years the direct road much of the way was sandy 
and difficult to travel with lo&,ded teams. It doubtless struck 
the Indian trail after getting some fifty or sixty rods from the 
top of Clay Hill and very likely that trail was utilized for a road. 
It ran nearly one and one-half miles on the limits of the Gov. 
Rradstreet grant, as all of the Straits and quite a strip north of 
Bartlett's comer is ou this grant, then into the second Division 



of Commons through Avhich it passes to South Deerfield. This 
was the main road up the valley for over a hundred years, or 
until about 1S40, when the roads were built through Great 
swamp and the hills were graded, and now the old Deerfield 
road is seldom used. 

The river road passes through a lovely region as well as a 
very fertile and well-cultivated section of our town. The writer 
of this had a plan of the sun^ey of the Chestnut Plain street in 
his possession, but gave it to Irving Allis, but preserved this 
description of it. It was the survey of the road from the top of 
Clay Hill in Hatfield through Whately to Conway, over Indian 
Hill, to where it intersects the Conway and South Deerfield 
road xmder the authority of the town of Hatfield before the town 
of Whately was incorporated. This surve}- was made in 1770. 

We here present the following extract from the Hatfield 
town records: "At a legal meeting of the proprietors of the Com- 
mons in Hatfield Ixing in the six mile grant, 21 Nov. 1743. 
Voted, by the proprietors that the highway between the second 
and fourth division, run as follows : To begin where the high- 
way ends that is laid out on the west side of Mill river swamp, 
and from thence to run to the upper or north side of the forty- 
fifth lot in said fourth division, as staked out by the proprietors' 
committee in the present year. And from thence to run north- 
west fift^'-eight rods to the north side of lot No. 50, staked out 
as aforesaid, and from thence north to Deerfield line. At this 
point it veers to the northwest, up to Pete Hill and so on up 
Indian Hill and on to Conway." 

This road I presume to be the real base line of the roads 
afterwards laid. This, as all the roads, was laid ten rods wide, 
but since some have been reduced to three rods. 

The Chestnut Plain street still retains its original width. 
Please note that Chestnut Plain street began "Where the high- 
way ends." Here allow me to say that Silas G. Hubbard, who 
fully understood the Hatfield roads, told the writer that each 
side of the Mill swamp division was a road one-half mile apart. 
From this fact I certainly think, as did Mr. Hubbard, that the 
Claverack road — as now called — was a continuation of the road 
on the east side of Mill swamp. How early these roads were 
laid I do not know, certainly before 1743. So we have good rea- 
son to suppose that the Claverack road existed from about 17 16 
to 1743. 
^ , It was doubtless true that, the north and south roads were 



^79 

intended to be about one-half mile apart, particularly from 
Chestnut Plain street east. Then the places where roads were 
to be worked were indicated so plainly that when Simeon Mor- 
ton settled on the Dry Hill road he well knew where the road 
was to be. The same is also true of Lieut. Noah Bardwell and 
Peter Train. Edward Brown built on the proposed Poplar Hill 
road, that was laid out in 1773, from Conway line to the south 
line of Whately. The Dry Hill road was laid in 1774. 

Our theory about these and other roads is that the people 
well understood where the roads were eventually to be worked, 
as in 1777 the town chose a committee to view a road from 
Egypt road north to the Deerfield line, and then in 1780 the 
Claverack road was laid from Eleazer Frary's to Hatfield line. 
Eleazer Frary lived on the Alonzo Crafts place in the lane, so 
it is very evident that the road was there, by the action of Hat- 
field prior to this, as Niles Coleman lived there then. 

As will be seen by reference to the will of Reuben Belden, 
dated 27 Nov., 1775, he gave the town of Whately ''The farm or 
land in said Whately, with the dwelling house standing there- 
on, lying on the Island, so called, in which Niles Coleman now 
lives." The evidence is simply culminative and to the effect that 
the people of that day well knew where the roads had been es- 
tablished by Hatfield. How long Niles Coleman had lived 
there we do not know or who had built the house that was a log 
house we cannot tell, but it was pulled down and the present 
house built very soon. 

Mr. Temple doesn't give any dates of the laying out of the 
highway from Deerfield line past the Abraham Parker place to 
connect with the highway running through the Gov. Bradstreet 
farm, but the records of the proprietors of Bradstreet's grant 
say: "At a legal meeting of the proprietors, held 16 May, 
1718, it was voted, that w£ will have a highway to run through 
the upper mile in the most convenient place," and a great gate 
was to be built at the north end that leads out to Canterbury. 
This was built by Ebenezer Bardwell and another at the end of 
the upper mile, built by Josiah Scott, and this was the direct 
road to Sunderland, and as we find the date of 171S we can but 
conclude that the road past the Abraham Parker place was in 
existence as early as 17 18. 

The road from the river road to the Deerfield road Mr. Tem- 
ple says was laid, in 1756 and struck the Straits below the John 
Waite place running south of the cemetery. This has since 



i8o 

been straightened. Then he says: "In 1755 a road was laid 
from the Straits eastwardly by Ebenezer Morton's to the road 
dividing Old farms and West farms, thence to Dennison's grant." 
Who was Ebenezer Morton ? Where did he live ? And where 
is the road ? Most certainly not in Whately. 

Considerably earlier than this a path had been marked out 
and traveled from the Straits near "Mother George" north- 
westerly through "Egypt" to Chestnut Plain street, so Mr. 
Temple says. Now the Mother George road did not lead to or 
from the Straits, as the Mother George road had its mouth or 
junction exactly where the Ferguson house stands, now owned 
b\- H. A. Brown, then running east to a ford of Mill river thence 
running southerly, west of the barns of John M. Crafts and Pat- 
rick Conolly, thence southeasterly to the south line of R. M. 
Swift's land, bought of Orrin Dickinson, and so on in the same 
southeast course to the Egypt road, crossing it diagonally and 
keeping the same course across the Capt. Smith lot, formerly 
owned by the writer, and met the Deerfield road about fifteen 
rods north of the Joseph Scott place, owned later by Elijah Bel- 
den, on the west side of Deerfield road in Hatfield. 

The writer has been over this Mother George road for seventy 
years. The wet spots were corduroyed, and the old, much-de- 
cayed poles are still in existence. This was the route over 
which our earlier settlers went to Platfield. And one going then 
from Northampton would have to go through Hatfield then over 
Mother George to Whately and Conway, either by the Indian 
Hill route or else by the Mt. Esther route. We have no other 
date for the Christian Lane road than that of its being laid out 
or left for a road 29 April, 1716. This lot was 8 rods, 11 feet 
and 4 inches wide at Chestnut Plain street and some wider at 
the Straits. Mr. Temple says: "Christian Lane and the road 
over Mt. Esther, as already stnted, were in a continuous line." 

Here I must differ from Mr. Temple, as the lot left for a 
road in the fourth division was between lots No. 26 and 27, and 
was between Horace Manning's house and the house of Dono- 
van brothers. From the north side of lot 26. in the fourth 
division of Commons, to the south line of the Christian Lane 
road is 224 rods, so the two roads could not have been in con- 
tinuous line. But there was never a road built on the lot left 
for a road between 26 and 27. But the road turned from Chest- 
nut Plain street just north of the Oliver Morton blacksmith 
shop just south of the W. I. Fox house and then ran diagonally 



i8i 

from that point to the "Pound" and then up the hill and on 
over Easter to West Whately, striking the Poplar Hill road 
near the house of Abraham Turner, just north of the Baptist 
meeting-house. Had Hatfield located the West Whately road 
between lots 36 and 37 instead of 26 and 27, it would have been 
some twenty-five rods too far south to have been coincident, as 
Mr. Temple claimed. 

The road over Easter was laid by Whately in 1773. The 
Lover's Lane was laid out, as it now runs, in 1S19 at the in- 
stance of Elijah Allis, who was then about to build the hotel. 
Dr. Bardwell had then built his house and where the hotel 
stands was the location for horse sheds. These were torn down 
or removed, probably torn down, as there were no sheds any- 
where about the church as early as 1S25, as I well recollect. 
When the West Whately road over Easter reached the lowlands 
north of Irving Allis' house it branched off from the Conway 
road, running under Mt. Easter, or Esther, up by the house of 
Dea. Samuel Wells, more recently owned by Seth B. Crafts. 

The Spruce Hill road was probably early designated, but 
was really laid out by the town in 1773. This ran on the top of 
the hill starting from the Conway road, a little west of the house 
of George Dickinson, and south over Chestnut mountain. That 
this was a designated road at an early date we have proof in the 
fact that Dea. Nathan Graves built on the west side of this road, 
on the top of Chestnut mountain, in 1762 and in 1772 the town 
records say it was accepted as a town way. 

The Poplar Hill road, leading from Conway line to the 
south line of the town, was laid on and over Shingle Hill, past 
the residences of Lieut. John Brown, Abraham Turner, Xoah 
Field, Edward Brown, Peter Train, Lieut. Noah Bardwell and 
Zenas Field and was, doubtless, designated by the Hatfield 
authorities and formally accepted by the town in 1773. 

South of Zenas Field's the Grass Hill road commenced and 
led to Williamsburg and, as Mr. Temple well says, "In 17S5 
the town voted to open and clear the road running southerly 
from Simeon Morton's by Paul Smith's to Williamsburg line." 
This was the Dry Hill road running by Elihu Waite's, Simeon 
Morton's and Col. Ames' houses. In 1S24 the road, leading 
from the Mitchell corner up the brook to intersect with the road 
leading from Poplar Hill road to Dea. James Smith's mill, was 
laid and worked. The road from Poplar Hill road to Munson's 
mills was laid in 1785. The mills were built in 1784. 



l82 

In 178S a road was laid from near West brook bridge to 
Belden's mills. It is well known that Samuel Belden was a 
cousin of and successor to Reuben Belden who died in 1776. In 
1788 there were iron works, used probabl}- for melting scrap iron 
and possibly smelting from iron ore, but most likely the working 
of scrap iron. This mill, or factory, stood near the site of the 
barn on the Lemuel W'aite place. About this date the iron 
works ceased and the mill was turned into a distillery for the 
manufacture of rye, gin or whiskey, by a company consisting of 
Gen. Seth Murray, Gen. Dickinson, Seth Bardwell, Samuel 
Belden and others. To accommodate this mill the road was laid 
as follows: "Beginning at Hatfield line at West brook bridge, 
running north one rod, then west two and one-half degrees, 
north fifteen rods, then west thirty-one degrees, north seven rods 
to the northeast corner of the mill, then north five rods to the 
top of the hill for the convenient turning of teams." This was 
voted at a legal town meeting held 2 March, 17S9. It is quite 
probable that the mills were either burned or torn down before 
1S04, as no trace of them is found or any party who could tell 
what became of them since I was old enough to be interested 
in such historical matters. I have heard my father speak of this 
mill and distillery and of Chester Harding ha\-ing sketched the 
appearance of some of the people who brought rye to the mill. 
He had a natural ability to sketch them in a ludicrous manner 
when a mere boy. 

"Egypt" road was built earl}^ and afiTords a passage from 
Deerfield road to Claverack road. I have never seen any record 
of the laying out of the road through "Egypt" and yet it fur- 
nished the people living in the Straits a way to go to mill and 
the sawmill, as well as to Northampton. When this road was 
laid, or by whom, I do not know, but it has long been a trav- 
eled roadway leading from Claverack to the Deerfield road, cer- 
tainly for njore than seventy-five years, and been repaired by 
the town all these years. There has been only one change 
made in it within my recollection, when m}- father's uncles, 
Rufus and Caleb, bought the lands of Israel and William Dick- 
inson, now partly owned by the town of Whately. The road 
was mostlv owned bv Caleb Dickinson until the Plain was 
reached, then it veered to the north and ran on to the land that 
the Crafts brothers bouglit. The Dickinsons bought of Caleb 
Dickinson a strip two rods wide from that point to Deerfield 
road, and the roadway was thus straightened, Caleb reser\'ing 



183 

the wood, but after chopping it off the stumps would average 
from twelve to fifteen inches high. This was in 1825 and then 
we used to drive through there, the wheels sometimes goine 
over a dozen stumps in driving the fifty rods or so. Then my 
father used to go and cut down the stumps, as we had a dozen 
acres or so in corn. At noon, after eating his dinner, he would 
work on that road until he cut them out clean, the town paying 
him for the work. And so it has been occupied. 

The Stony Hill road was laid in 1777 from the Poplar Hill 
road, near Nathan Waite's and his son, Jeremiah's, who had 
bought first on Shingle Hill and subsequently of Capt. Church 
and his sister, the house and land where his son, Nathan, then 
his son, John Bement Waite, and his son, Willis F., now lives. 
So it was from here that the road was laid in 1777, between 
the houses of John Smith and Maj. Phineas Frary on Spruce 
Hill road, over Stony Hill to connect with the road that was in 
existence up Mill Hill, north of George B. McClelan's to the 
mill. 

The people had that road up Mill Hill as early as 1778. 
This, after getting up the hill, turned a square corner and ran 
south to the mill about thirty rods. This road over Stony Hill 
was discontinued when the county laid the road down by the 
brook, about 1S30, and about that time the road from the mill 
to Chestnut Plain street, north of George B. McClelan's, and 
then a road was laid down by the brook, where it now is. 

What is called the crossroad runs between the lands of 
Capt. Henry Stiles and Dea. John White and ran from Chestnut 
Plain street to Claverack. A brick schoolhouse was erected at 
the time of the opening of the road, in 18 10. This opened the 
way to the schoolhouse for the children living in Claverack and 
shortened the distance to the post office. The schoolhouse was 
at the junction of the crossroad and Chestnut Plain street. 

And now a tew words to emphasize the improvements that 
have been going on from year to year relative to the roads and 
bridges. This we conceive to be an element in the history of 
our town that should be laid fairly before our readers. The 
chairman of your board of selectmen informed me that all of the 
bridges of sixteen feet in,length and over were now built of iron 
or steel. When the town commenced replacing the old wooden 
structures with iron, they used wooden joists or sleepers. These 
are now being taken out and steel joists used in their places, thus 
eliminating the danger of a collapse in the near future. We ali 



i84 

know that highway workers are quite apt to say without due 
and thorough examination "O. I guess it's safe and all right" 
and, first you know, down goes the bridge. 

Only a few* years ago an omnibus load of young people, some 
twelve or fifteen of them, drawn by four horses, descended the 
hill on the South Deerfield road at a smart gait and struck the 
wooden bridge with such force that the bridge fell. This struc- 
ture was about thirty-five to forty feet long. The horses and all 
fell into the water and were saved with great difficulty. The 
weather was cold and their clothing was frozen, and great ap- 
prehensions were felt for their ultimate recovery. The town had 
to settle, the best it could, the damages incurred by this acci- 
dent (if we may so term it). The approach to the bridge was 
as low as the bridge. Few people properl\- consider the blow a 
bridge receives when a four-horse team rushes at a high rate of 
speed, with its heavy load of human beings, and strikes the 
bridge. Of course, this was replaced b}' an iron structure. The 
solid stone abutments were raised higher, making a rise to the 
bridge in its approach as you came down the hill. The wooden 
sleepers have given place to solid steel, and thus a serious 
danger is avoided. 

When it is feasible, stone abutments for the small runs have 
taken the place of an old log, placed on each side of the brook, 
or run. When the writer was a boy, seventy to seventy-five 
years ago, there was no effort to grade down the short though 
steep pitches, or build up the bridge. Sleepers were laid across 
the logs and, instead of planks, they used fairly straight poles, 
of from four to six inches in diameter, and as one drove down 
the little hill it was necessary to be on .your guard or you would 
be thrown out of the wagon. Now good stone abutments are in 
use and often the bridge or covering is made of large flat stones, 
or arched over and raised sufficiently to afford abundant room 
for the water flow in times of heav>' freshets. 

The town seems to be waking up to the necessity of using 
some of the surplus cobble stones in macadamizing the clay 
hills, like the Dr. Dickinson Hill and Gutter Hill. In the 
spring these hills are fearful, and the improvements come slowly 
but surely, and if only a small distance is done in a year it will 
soon be completed and all these improvements are now going 
on. The advocates of thorough work are in the ascendency and 
it is this kind of work that tells for the benefit of the town, 
• , Good roads and bridges that carry you safely over help 



i85 

greatly to induce outsiders, of a class that is needful to build up 
the town, to come in. It also stimulates, to an extent, improve- 
ments in our houses and farm buildings, promotes a pleasant 
feeling when we ride out or hear this remark from those who 
occasionally ride tlirough our town: "You seem to be doing 
something to improve your town." 

The old method of building our roads over the hills has 
largely given place to the construction of roads in the valleys 
following the streams, thus facilitating travel and the ease of 
drawing^ loads from town to town or in one's own town. For- 
merly we had to mount the hills and either go over Mt. Esther 
or reach the Poplar Hill to get to the west part. Since 1825 we 
have been saved all of that tedious drive by the building of the 
road up the valley of West brook, affording a fine, feasible route 
and a pleasant roadway, and so of others. 

Think of the fearful hills to climb to get over Shingle Hill 
to go to Haydenville. Now we have a fine road at the foot of 
the hill, affording a pleasant drive, follov/ing a little brook quite 
a portion of the way. Then there was also the Spruce Hill 
road, now seldom used since the completion of the road down 
the valley from the E. S. Munson place to the center of the 
town. I might mention other improvements, but these seem 
sufficient to illustrate m}' point. 

The foregoing is an imperfect sketch of the highways of 
Whately. Some roads were established and opened, of which 
no record can be found. In some cases the town ordered the 
survey and location of a road and afterwards reconsidered its 
action but, in the meantime, the road had actually been opened 
to travel. Thus the records fail to furnish data for a complete 
history of our private and public highways. 

These details may seem to be of trivial importance, but they 
were vital questions in their day. Individual and district pros- 
perity hinged on the establishment or refusal to locate a road, 
on the adoption of this or that line, or whether it was an open 
or a close way. And these details have in themselves a certain 
historic value. 

There is always a reason for locating a road. The reason 
may lie at the beginning or the end of the line, it may be a per- 
sonal or a public reason, the reason miy be apparent or it may 
be concealed. And a careful study of the subject never fails to 
educe some valuable facts illustrative of sectional and general 
interests, illustrative of wise forethought or foolish afterthought. 



1 86 

The name of a road is expressive like the name of a town or the 
baptismal name of a person. The direction of a road indicates 
the course of settlement or the opening of a new industry or out- 
let of a trade. 

The general history of its highways, is the history, in out- 
line, of the rise and progress or the decay of the industrial pur- 
suits of a town. Now in closing our talk upon the roads we 
would congratulate our townsmen upon the evidences of thrift 
and prosperity everywhere visible. 




CHAPTER XI. 

EDUCATION. 

As the early action of this town on matters pertaining to 
education had reference only to the town's own interests and was 
influenced by the varying circumstances of local growth and 
prosperity, this chapter is necessarily made up largely of votes 
and incidents, often apparently trivial. But these incidents and 
votes are worth preser^-ing because, while they reveal the senti- 
ment and plans of each succeeding generation and the conflict- 
ing interests of different sections, they also show that the public 
free school system is the one best adapted to our state of society 
and best answers the demands of a growing people and a free 
government. Its flexibility is an advantage. Its voluntar\- 
character is an advantage. Its dependence on an annual vote 
of the citizens is an advantage. Even the suspension of the 
schools for a year, in case of great emergency, has its compensa- 
tions, for then the father and mother are made to realize their 
personal responsibility for their children's welfare, and are led 
to put forth efforts and make sacrifices w];iich directly and indi- 
rectly promote true education and which furnishes an illustration 
of life's exigencies which benefits both parent and child. 

To know the world is as important as to know books. To 
acquire the habit of observing and thinking and putting forth 
the energies to master difiiculties, 'is as much a part of school 
duty as to recite lessons. The Puritan fathers had a broad and 
true conception of what education is, and among the earliest 
acts passed, was one requiring the selectmen of towns to see to 
it that parents and masters train up their children "In learning 



i88 

and labor and other employments which may be profitable to 
the Commonwealth." For the learning and habits of industry 
and knowledge of some profitable employment, here enjoined, 
not only fitted the child to become a useful member of the state, 
but at the same time fitled him for individual excellence and 
happiness. The proper aim of school instruction, as of all 
instruction to children, is to fit them for efficient duty. There 
is need of knowledge, need of culture and need to learn the 
dangers of life and how to shun them, as well as the best way to 
use its advantages. The child needs to get a true idea of his 
dependence on others for his happiness and influence, and to 
believe in and respect the rights of others, as well as to believe 
in his personal independence and claim his own rights. He 
needs to have his wits sharpened early if he is to be a successful 
competitor for position and power. 

Our public schools, where all classes mingle and where 
courses of stud}- are adapted to the various capacities and where 
restraint and liberty are wisely adjusted and where parents and 
teachers co-operate, as they do in every successful school, and 
home and school discipline supplement each other, our public 
schools, thus administered, furnish the best preparation for prac- 
tical life. Probably parochial and patronage schools and pri- 
vate tutors would insure a higher standard of merely scientific 
attainment to particular classes in the community, but the true 
education of the people is, beyond question, best promoted by 
our free school system. 

The first year the tOwn made no pro\dsion for schools. The 
season was well advanced before the new order of things got 
fairly established, and there were no schoolhouses. In 1772, at 
the annual meeting in March, it was voted, "To raise ^13, 6s, 
8d for schooling, and that the selectmen lay out the money in 
Chestnut Plain, Straits and Poplar Hill streets, said school 
money being proportioned to each street- agreeably to what they 
respectively paid in the last year's rate." The schools in each 
street, for this and several succeeding years, were kept at pri- 
vate houses. A frame of a schoolhouse was put up this year in 
Chestnut Plain street, directly south of the meeting-house, but 
it was not finished. Probably it remained unfit for use for sev- 
eral years, as in 1774, the question came before the town to see 
if any conveniences should be made in the meeting-house for 
schooling. The town voted in the negative — very wisel}' it 
would appear, as the meeting-house was quite as unfinished as 



i89 

the schoolhouse. The sura of ^13, 6s, Sd appears to have 
been raised for schooling during each of the next three years 
and the money was divided and expended as in 1772. In 1775 
the following school committee was chosen: Benjamin Smith, 
Joseph Scott, Joseph Belden, Jr., Thomas Crafts, Elisha Belden, 
Perez Bardwell, John Smith, Peter Train, Deacon Nathan 
Graves. 

The pressure of the war now became severe, and for several 
years no public money was raised for schooling, and it is not 
likely that any schools were maintained. 

An English Schoc^l. At a meeting held r Dec, 1777, 
the town voted, "To accept the piece of land given by Reuben 
Belden, deceased, for the use of schools in the town of Whately, 
upon conditions named in his will." In explanation of this 
vote an extract from the will of Reuben Belden of Hatfield, who 
died 1776, is here given: 

"Furthermore, I give and bequeath to the inhabitants of the 
town of Whately, in the County of Hampshire, for the sole use 
and benefit of an English School to be kept there, as hereafter 
mentioned, the estate, hereafter described, (the same to remain 
unalienable by the said town, ) viz, : That farm, or tract of land 
in said Whately, with the dwelling house standing thereon, in 
which Xiles Coleman now lives, lying on the Island, so called, 
between the lands of Henry Stiles and Elisha Belding, and 
bounded west upon the Mill River, and extending thence east 
two hundred rods, and carr>'ing the width of seventeen rods the 
length aforesaid : And I hereby appoint and impower the 
selectmen of the said town of Whately for the time being for- 
ever hereafter to take the care and direction of the improvement 
of the said farm, and the issues and profits of the, same, and the 
buildings thereon and appurtenances thereof to employ for the 
benefit of the said school. And this gift and bequest I make 
upon the following conditions and noother^vise, viz. : That the 
said school be kept in that street in the said town called the 
Chestnut Plain street, near where the present meeting-house 
stands, and that the same be set up within two years from the 
time of my decease, and be not suffered at any time thereafter 
to cease or fail to be kept up and maintained for the term of six 
months in any future year : And in case such schools as afore- 
said shall not be set up at or near the said place in the said 
street, and within the time above limited, and be kept and main- 
tained in manner as aforesaid, then it is my will that the said 
estate shall be and remain to my kinsmen hereafter named and 
their heirs." , 

The tract of land above specified was lot 21, in the second 
division of Commons. It appears that the town failed to take 



the necessary steps to carry out the provisions of the will, and 
consequently the bequest was forfeited. 

The will of Reuben Belden was dated 27 Nov., 1775, pro- 
bated 3 Sept., (776.- Mention is made of his sisters, Eunice, 
wife of James Porter of Hatfield, Dorothy, wife of Elisha Billing 
of Hardwick, Submit, wife of David Scott of Whately, Martha, 
wife of Warham Smith of Hadley. He also names his late 
wife's sisters, Mary, wife of Samuel Maj-, Hannah, wife of 
Joseph Flowers, Susannah Pierce, all of Wethersfield, niece, 
Mary, wife of Jona. Pierce of Hartford, cousins, Samuel Bel- 
den and Silas Porter of Hatfield. His inventory amounted to 
^.'2,486. 4s, 6d. He owned grist and sawmills on West brook — 
the Isaac Frary privilege — before 1770, afterwards owned by his 
cousin. Samuel Belden. He owned real estate in Hatfield, 
Whately, Hatfield Equivalent and Ashfield. He bequeathed to 
the inhabitants of New Township No 7 (Hawley) in the county 
of Hampshire, lot No. 115 in that township for the sole use and 
benefit of an English school to be kept there, etc. 

In 1780 the town voted to build three schoolhouses and the 
next year voted to put off building the same. But about this 
time a schoolhouse sixteen feet square was built in the Straits, 
on the corner southwesterly from the Zebina Bartlett place, 
another was built on Poplar Hill road, by private individuals, 
and there is some evidence that one was built on Spruce Hill, 
which was used for a time by the dwellers on Chestnut Plain 
street. 

In 17S2-83-S4. Mary White, Jr., taught a school in Chest- 
nut Plain street, but whether in a schoolhouse or private house 
the record does not say. In 1784 the town raised ^^ 1 8 to be divided 
into three equal parts, £,b for each street, and Noah Bard well, 
Josiah Allis and Thomas Sanderson were appointed a committee 
to lay it out. Zilpah Stiles was employed to teach in the center 
nineteen weeks. In 1785 £,i'& was granted, to be divided as in 
'84, and a schoolmaster was employed for ten weeks, beginning 
June 1 1. 

The reasons for a summer term probably were that the first 
schoolhouses had no fireplaces, and it was inconvenient for fam- 
ilies to let their rooms during the cold season, and the cost of 
fuel would subtract too much from the scant funds at the dis- 
posal of parents and committees. Mr. Backus was schoolmaster 
in 1787. Miss Stiles was again employed in '89. She appears to 
have been a very useful person in the new town, teaching school 



191 

as occasion required, and at other times doing the tailoring and 
dressmaking of the families until her marriage with Peter Clark, 
In ) 789 the town voted, "To appropriate the money raised for 
schooling to pay arrearages in Mr. Wells" salary." 

The town voted, 6 Dec, 1790, "To provide five school- 
houses for the use of the town ; that the house now built in the 
east district, which is sixteen feet square, be sufficient for that 
part of the town ; that the Chestnut Plain schoolhouse be 20 x 
16 feet ; that the Spruce Hill district schoolhouse be 20 x 16 
feet; that the Poplar Hill schoolhouse be 15 x iS feet, and that 
the town will give the proprietors ot the house now in that street 
the sum of ^i i, los; that the Grass Hill schoolhouse be 15 x iS 
feet." The Straits schoolhouse stood as already described. 
The one in the center was directly south of the meeting-house. 
The one on Spruce Hill was about forty rods south of Levi 
Morton's, now the Rufus Dickinson place. The house tor the 
Poplar Hill district was built on land of Lieut. Noah Bardwell, 
about ten rods south ot the west burying ground, on the west 
side of the road. (The old stepstone may now be seen on the 
spot.) 

In the same year /"30 was appropriated for schooling, the 
money to be proportioned on the children in each district from 
eight to twenty-one years of age. The rule of apportioning the 
school money varied — in some years it was divided equally to 
each district, sometimes one-half on the scholar and one- half to 
a district. In 1827 the town voted to number the children on 
the first of May, from seven to twenty, and divide the money on 
the scholar. 

After a schoolhouse was built on Spruce Hill, Judith White 
sometimes kept there and sometimes in the centre. "Master 
Roberts," whose full name was George Roberts, taught in town 
many years, certainly from 1795 to 1804 and perhaps longer. 
Other early teachers were Rebecca Baker, Electa Allis, Thomas 
Clark, Mr. Osgood, John Parmenter, Benj. Mather, Thomas 
Sanderson, Jr. 

In 1785 Simeon Morton, Lieut. Noah Bardwell, Capt. Phin- 
eas Frary, John White, Joel Waite. 2d. were chosen school 
committee. In 1798 the town voted to reduce the number of 
school districts from five to four. 

In 1799 ;^5o was voted to build a schoolhouse in Chestnut 
Plain street, 30 x 24 feet. As this was the first large and fin- 
ished schoolhouse in town, and was evidently looked upon as a 



192 - 

model house of the day, it may be well to give the specifications : 
Contracted with Benjamin Scott, lor ;(,42,i'js, to build the new 
schoolhouse, to be rough boarded and clapboarded and shingled, 
a chimney built and a hearth laid, the house to be glazed win- 
dow shutters on the outside and the outside door hung. As is 
often the case when men begin to be extravagant the money 
first appropriated proved insufficient to fully carrv^ out the idea 
and later in the year a committee consisting of John White, 
William Mather and Solomon Adkins was appointed, who sold 
the finishing of the house to Luther White, the lowest bidder, 
for S67. 

This house stood on the east side of the street, a little way 
south of the old meeting-house. And now another perplexity 
arose. The people living on the outskirts had consented to be 
taxed heavily for the large and comfortable centre schoolhouse, 
with a fireplace, and now as thej' thought, it would be no more 
than just that they should be allowed to use it as a "noon room" 
on the Sabbath, where they could warm themselves and chat 
away the intermission. But the town voted, "Nay." Nor was 
this all. The dwellers on Spruce Hill became jealous, and in 
iSoi a \'Ote was carried in town meeting, "To move the school- 
house on Spruce Hill to the guideboard near Nathan Waite's, 
and add four feet to the length, and put it in as good repair as 
the schoolhouse near the meeting-house." 

Previous to this last vote, however, and about the time 
when the new center schoolhouse was completed, having got 
three schoolhouses more comfortable than the rest, a vote was 
passed "To divide the town into three school districts, the lines 
to be Mill river, between the east and center districts, and a 
line running north and south between Elijah Allis' and Daniel 
Allis' and between Maj. Phineas Frary's and Reuben Graves', 
giving Joseph Crafts, Daniel Allis and Reuben Graves liberty 
to choose which district they shall belong to." This vote was 
not at once carried into full, even if it was into partial, effect. 
In 1801 the town voted to build a schoolhouse in the northwest 
district, 26 x 22 feet, and finish it in imitation of the one in the 
centre district, "Only twenty lights to a window." The next 
year the town voted, "To buy the old schoolhouse near Josiah 
Brown's for a workhouse." 

No new movements in relation to schools or schoolhouses 
appear on the records for the next ten years. In 181 1 the school- 
house in the Straits was replaced, on the old spot, by a new one 



193 

i8 X 24 feet, at a cost of one hundred dollars. This house had 
two fireplaces, one at each end of the room. The same year 
the middle district was divided, and two- new schoolhouses 
built, each 20 x 24 feet, one where the north center house now 
stands, the other near Stiles' corner. In 1813 schoolhouses 
were built in the southwest and northwest districts. 

As early as 1824 the families living in Canterbury moved to 
secure a new schoolhouse for their accommodation, but the 
town negatived the plan. In 1S27 the families living south of 
Sugar Loaf united and built by subscription a house just on the 
north line of J. C. Sanderson's land, near where the witch left 
his print in the ground when he jumped from Sugar Loaf. The 
next year the town voted to allow the Canterbury families their 
portion of the school money and also to move the Straits school- 
house to the corner of the proprietor's highway. In 1829 the 
town voted that the inhabitants of the east district have liberty 
to build a house for a select school on the land owned bv the 
town, where the old schoolhouse formerly stood. 

A special effort on behalf of the schools appears to have 
been made this year, the result of which was the adoption by 
the town in 1S30 of the following rules: 

Resolved, i. That the boys have the privilege of attend- 
ing the schools in the summer, till thev are ten vears old, and 
the winter schools when they are seven years old. 

Resolved. 2. That the girls have the privilege of attend- 
ing the summer schools till they are thirteen years old, and the 
winter schools when they are ten years old. 

Resolved, 3. That the southwest district and the east 
district shall be permitted to send scholars to the several schools 
at an advanced ratio of age provided, that the prudential com- 
mittee of the district and the superintending committee shall 
judge the increase of scholars will not injure the school. 

Resolved, 4. That one-third of the money which each 
district shall draw from the town, be apportioned for the benefit 
of the small scholars, and the remainder for the large scholars 
in winter. 

Voted, That the school money be divided, the one-half on 
the district and the other half on the scholar, the ensuing year. 

In 1832 it was voted to divide the town into three districts 
for the benefit of large scholars, to be called the east section, 
the middle section and the west section. And the minor 
arrangements under this division appear to have been left to the 



194 

discretion of the school committee. In 1833 the east district 
was divided, and a schoolhouse built south of Elijah Allis' place. 
The six districts, into which the town was then divided, remain 
substantially unchanged to the present day. 

Select or High School. The question was several 
times agitated of erecting a building near the meeting-house 
for a school of higher grade. In 1829 the people of the east 
part made a move to get such a building there, and the town so 
far favored the plan as to give them leave to erect a schoolhouse 
on the town's land, at Bartlett's corner. In 1831 the matter of 
building a Town house came up, and the town voted, "To raise 
one hundred and fifty dollars, to be given by the town, together 
with the town land lying near Justin Morton's barn, to the pro- 
prietors of a schoolhouse, provided they have a hall in said 
building sufficiently large to do all the town business in." The 
scheme did not succeed. 

In the winter of 1838 several citizens associated and raised 
the necessary funds, and the next season built a select school- 
house on West Lane. A school was kept here in the fall and 
winter of 1839-40 by Addison Ballard of Framingham, then a 
member of Williams college. This school was maintained for 
a single term, annually, with a good deal of interest', for a num- 
ber of years. The building was sold and converted into a dwell- 
ing house about 1854. 

In 187 1 the Town hall was raised 'up sufficiently for a sec- 
ond story and enlarged by the addition of twelve feet to the 
length. The low^er storj' was divided and finished for the uses 
of a select school, a town library and town offices. 

I desire to say a few words relative to the nonacceptanceof 
the farm left to the town bj' Reuben Belden by his will in 1776. 
At a meeting held i Dec, 1777, it was voted, "To accept the 
land given by Reuben Belden," and on the conditions upon 
which the bequest was made, but they made no attempt to carry 
out the instructions of the testator. It should be remembered 
that at this time a mere handful of brave and patriotic men were 
struggling for national existence and to free themselves and 
their children from the hated yoke of British tyranny. 

Money was scarce and business was carried on by the inter- 
change of commodities. The taxes were paid in grain, pork, 
beef, etc., the prices of which were fixed by the General Court, 
and the selectmen had lists of prices that they could allow : 
wheat, six shillings per bushel; rye, four shillings; potatoes, 



195 

one shilling ; barley, four shillings ; pork, four pence per pound ; 
beef, three and one-half pence, and so on clear through the list. 
Continental bills were largely counterfeited by the British, so 
really they were nearly worthless. 

All these things combined to prevent our people from 
attempting to open a school as Mr. Beldeu's will directed. 
Even the little stipend appropriated for schools was taken to pay 
Mr. Wells for his services. His pay, to the last farthing, was 
rigorously demanded. If it ran overdue the interest was also to 
be paid, school or no school. 

Continual calls for men to fill the quota of the town, to get 
substitutes for those who had property, as well as the constantly 
recurring taxes to meet the constantly recurring wants of the 
town (perhaps two or more tax levies in a year) was a great 
burden upon the people. It is no wonder that the town allowed 
the legacy to lapse. Then the inventon,- of the property was 
but /;26, or $86 66. 

Leaving this matter, we will speak of other schools in the 
town at a later period. The first schoolhouse erected in the 
Straits was on the east side of the road, near the house of Rich- 
ard Phillips. The counters were so constructed that the}' were 
back of the scholars. When the time came for writing they had 
to turn around facing the walls of the house, but none but the 
older scholars were allowed to write. The teacher gave up the 
time to making pens or in mending the old ones, which were, 
of course, goose quills, and in examining the writing, seeing 
how they held the pen and in making suggestions to the pupils. 
This house was bunied. Before building another, the school 
was kept in a building that had been used for a store by Gad 
Smith. One of the early teachers was Cotton Nash, son of 
Joseph Nash. 

The Canterbury schoolhouse was on the west side of the 
road and stood partly on land now owned by Walter W. Sander- 
son and the heirs of J. C. Sanderson. This was built in 1S24. 
It was afterwards sold to Judethan Eaton, who removed to 
South Deerfield, and he fitted it up for a dwelling house. It 
was later owned by his son, L, L. Eaton. 

The two center districts each built in iSroabriok school- 
house. These were built by John and Salmon White and 
Thomas Crafts. Mr. Crafts made the brick and had them laid 
into the buildings. That in the north center has been remod- 
eled, the walls laid higher with gables, while the old ones were 
covered by a foursquare roof running-to a point. 



196 

The one in the south center district was on ground that, 
when it frozt.-, was such that it was wholly unsuited for the pur- 
pose, and it was considered unsafe. About fifteen years later 
it was torn down and a new house was built of wood on the hill 
very near the site of the present house. 

The writer well rtcollects the house vacated in 1S25. 
There was a large fire place on the north and south sides of the 
room, and the amount of wood consumed was immense. There 
were seats on the east and west sides, three rows with counters, 
and small seats in front of the last counter for the young 
children. 

The school averaged about sixty scholars. The girls were 
seated on the west side and boys on the east side. To spell 
they were arranged on the floor space and they took places, 
everyone striving to get to the head and often drilled by spelling 
two or three pages in Webster's spelling' book. 

There were no blackboards for examining our methods of 
solving the problems in Adams' arithmetic, the only general 
exercise in mathematics. The teacher would call upon anyone 
v\-hom he chose to rehearse the rules as far as given in our books 
and asking us many questions to test our understanding of the 
principles involved in the rules. If the answers were not satis- 
facton,' another one was told to rise and give his views and if not 
particularly satisfactory he would say, "Lay aside your slates 
and attend to learning the rules." 

Our schools were divided into two terms of twelve weeks 
each. The boys were kept at home summers after they were 
about eight years of age, but went winters until they were about 
fifteen. Very few had an opportunity to attend a select school 
until after 1830. 

About 1838 or '40 the northwest and the south center dis- 
tricts built an additional room and each winter graded the 
schools. The older scholars were given superior opportunities. 
These schools ceased in a few years for the want of scholars. 

In 1854 the town opened the Town hall for use as a high 
school and the increased educational advantages were enjoyed 
b}- a large number from all parts of the town. The pupils from 
the west part would hire rooms and bring needed articles for 
housekeeping and food for the week. 

These schools were continued for a number of years, afford- 
ing untold benefits to a great number of scholars. The town 
built an addition to the Town ball and raised the hall one 



197 

story higher. The lower portion finished for use as a school- 
room, a room for the town libran,-, the selectmen's room, etc. 
Of late years scholars go and come on the railway to Deerfield 
or Northampton and some few have graduated there. 

A better educated class of teachers is required for our 
schools, and they also have whatever of advantage there may be 
in having a competent superintendent. I wish here to say that 
our town has for many years been earnest in its efforts to fur- 
ther the interests of the schools and has made liberal appropri- 
ations for their support. 

But to again recur to the old time studies and the methods of 
instruction since the writer ,,can recollect, say from 1S22 vvhen 
he was five }ears old. The previous summer we had mastered 
the alphabet, standing at the side of the teacher who pointed 
with her penknife to each letter and telling what its name was. 
After the second year I was furnished with the New England 
primer, which contained many Bible stories, and the catechism, 
and a spelling book. These two occupied my time until I was 
\ seven years old. I had to learn the catechism and rehearse 
daily. 

About every two or three weeks Mr. Wells would come in 
and catechise us. We had to go out onto the floor and stand in a 
row, ten or twelve of us, and the good old man, dressed in knee 
breeches and long black stockings, morocco shoes with knee 
and shoe buckles, (apparently silver) with his gray hair braided 
and tied in a cue with a black ribbon hanging down his back 
about eight inches, wnth the ribbon three or four inches lower 
and surmounted by a black silk frock or mantle open in front, 
with rather wide sleeves, would question us. He needed no 
book, as he was perfectly familiar with the questions and 
answers. 

Then, for a wonder, I was the best posted in the class, and 
often had to answer when no one else could or would, and many 
is the time that the kind-hearted, old man has laid his trembling 
hand upon my head and said, '"James, you will make a man 
that your parents will be proud of." 

Strange to say, that then I had not a doubt but that ever^- 
word in that catechism was true and now, though the minds of 
the young are thoroughly imbued with doctrines pertaining to 
the trinity, redemption, justification, sanctfication and damna- 
tion, yet many of us have outgrown these awful tenets warping 
the minds of many of us. Really the twig was bent only to re- 
bound eventually. 



The reading books were ill adapted to the wants of the 
scholars. The American Preceptor and Scott's Lessons, 
both unfit for pupils under twelve. Later, when attending win- 
ter terms, we had for a reading book the First Class Book, and 
the smaller scholars had Easy Lessons and the Young Reader, 
Webster's Speller, Woodbridge's Geography, Murray's Gram- 
mar and Adams' Arithmetic printed in 1815. The Woodbridge 
Geography was accompanied by an atlas and was the earliest 
one I had ever seen — before that we had Morse's and Dwight's. 
The bulk of our school books would not be tolerated in our 
schools to-da}-. 

I have before me a proprietary' rate made for schooling, done 
for the following persons in Whately and Deerfield, between 
16 May and 5 Oct., 1781, being five months complete after the 
deduction of two absent days, at ye rate of ^i, 12s, od per 
month, inclusive of board : 

Lieut. Tho's Sanderson, 2 scholars at 9s, 2d ^o 18 4 
Joseph Belden, 1^4 scholars at 9s, 2d o 13 9 
Benjamin Scott, i scholar at 9s, 2d 092 
Benjamin Smith, i scholar at 9s, 2d 092- 
Joel Waite, i scholar at 9s, 2d o 9 ' 2 
Philip Smith, 2 scholars at 9s, 2d o iS 4 

These above belonged to Whately and the following from 
Deerfield : 

Lieut. David Stebbins, 2 scholars at 9s, 2d /^o 18 4 

Aaron Pratt, 2 scholars at 9s, 2d 018 4 

Jonathan Russell, iH scholars at 9s. 2d o 13 9 

Benoni Farrand, 2 scholars at 9s, 2d 0184 

Solomon Jepherson, 1% scholars at 9s, 2d o 13 9 

£^ 00 5 

This school was probably kept at Canterbury in the house 
of some one of the people, or possibly at some house in the edge 
of Deerfield, as the Hon. H. S. Allis well recalls his first year at 
school. They had a room in what was known as the Stebbins 
house, where later has lived A. A. Jewett. The old house was a 
large one, and there he attended school when four years of age. 

An effort has been made to establish a new system of school- 
ing in town, which is to build one large schoolhouse for the 
accommodation of all the pupils in town and have them trans- 
ported at public expense to the center of the town, and this to 
be a central graded school. This is the recommendation not 
only of . our school committee, but of your former, as well as 



199 

present superintendent of schools. For one. I very much doubt 
whether such a plan could be well carried out. for several rea- 
sons. The .condition of Sunderland is cited as the main areu- 
ment in its favor. 

The conditions of Sunderland and Whately are far from be- 
ing similar. The population of Whately is scattered over a 
larger extent of territory and much of it hilly and rough. This 
would cause much unnecessary inconvenience and consequent 
suffering. It is true at the present time there is a paucity of 
number of scholars, and it seems more desirable to allow the two 
west schools to be taken to one schoolroom, and so of the two 
east at one place. When we consider that the little tender 
child, of just school age, is compelled to be hurried off through 
storms and drifting snows and, sick or well, is obliged to remain 
all day amid suffering, only to get home at a late hour, it 
seems to me to be a pretty strong inducement for the loving par- 
ents to dispose of their property and leave the town. 

When he bought his farm his deed conveyed all the 
rights, privileges and appurtenances thereto belonging. Among 
those privileges largely inducing the man to buy, was the 
nearness of the schoolhouse. Had he for a moment expected 
that his little loved daughter was to be transported by ever so 
kind-hearted a man he would never, for an instant, have con- 
sidered the question of locating in such a locality, and now, after 
he is compelled to submit to such arrangements, he must feel as 
though he was deprived of a portion of his actual rights — and 
for what ? Who is benefited by such a concentration of all the 
scholars in one building ? 

Is a better class of teachers to be employed ? Are the dul- 
lards to be brightened and they induced to renewed efforts. 
Where I live the schools are all graded. Are the scholars, all 
of them, any more eflScient than those who, like myself, attended 
the district school ? We then had some bright scholars and some 
were. Oh, so dull. So it is with our schools here. We had 
scholars of eight years that were better readers and spellers than 
many great louts of double the age. Fathers have rights, but 
consider for a moment, the terrible strain to the tender, loving 
and anxious mother as she thinks of her loved one plodding 
through drifts and amid the storms, coming home cold and sick. 
But, having had much to do in school direction in years gone 
by, I can be classified as an old fogy and so will drop the matter. 

As there are but few now living in Whately who can recall 



200 

incidents occurring in the schools sevent3'-five years ago, as well 
as the methods of teaching, and knowing well the excellent mem- 
ory of my old-time schoolmate, Hon. Hubbard S. A His, I asked 
him to contribute a sketch for the chapter on education, and I 
am now in receipt of his paper. Simply promising that the inci- 
dents he relates have much of historic value, we give the moiety 
of space for its publication, as a sort of relief to the recital of 
simple, tame and not over-interesting matters. Mr. Allis has 
returned to our own well-loved town in his old age, where we 
hope he may enjoy his fine residence for a good long time. 

Whatelv, Mass., May 7, 1899. 
Hon. J. M. Crafts, 

Orange, Mass., 

My Dear Sir: — 

You requested me to write out some of the incidents of my 
school days in Whately, and of the location of the schools and 
the teachers thereof, within* my recollection from 1823 to 1839, 
the year I left Whately for Rochester, where I resided until 
1S96. Now, I think you are eighty-two and as I am only eighty, 
you have two years' more knowledge of Whately early schools 
than m3'self; at any rate I used to think you had more brains 
when we sat together in the old south school, figuring on an old 
slate addition and subtraction of fractions when we were young 
kids. 

I remember all about that school and I had reason to for, 
between us both, I got the biggest pounding from the teacher 
that I ever had for my boyish deviltry. It occurred in this 
way : You made up wads of paper and passed them under the 
bench to me and, when teacher's back was turned, I would shy 
them across the room to the girls, hitting their faces. They 
would scream out, disturb the school and they would not know 
who sent them. W'e worked that dodge several times, and 
finally I was caught. 

The teacher came by the desk, took me by the neck, hauled 
me out of the seat, as you would a trout out of a brook, cuffed 
my ears and bent my back, putting my head under his long 
table filled with his books, inkstands and other traps. I had 
been in that position about one-half an hour, when my disposi- 
tion for fun got the better of me, by turning my head towards 
the girls and by making up faces towards them to make them 



20I 

laugh, etc. I was caught at that, when the teacher's two and 
one-half ft. ruler came down upon my back like a cyclone. I 
made one jump on purpose, raised my body with extra strength, 
turning over the heavy table, scattering his books and ink all 
over the floor. He then went for me like a crazy man and 
pounded me all around the room. Oh! such a pounding, no 
scholar ever had in the town of Whately. It cured me of 
deviltr\' from that day on. 

My first recollection of schools I attended was in 1S23. My 
father lived at the Major Sanderson house in Canterbury, oppo- 
site the shoe shop. The house was burned a few years since. 
I was sent to school kept in the Stebbins house, standing near 
the west end of Sunderland bridge. The teacher was Hannah 
Clapp from Northampton. The scholars I remember were Levi 
and Emerson Parker, sons of Capt. Asa Parker, William and 
George Sanderson and Harriet Smith and other children as far 
south as Frances Belden, for I remember Roxana Belden coming 
to the Stebbins house school, and she sat beside me. On one 
occasion she came to school with a new yellow dress and I 
thought she looked so very nice and pretty, and after that we 
used to walk hand-in-hand as far as my home. She was a sister 
of Alfred Belden. 

Capt. Parker's first wife died 11 April, 1822, and Miss 
Clapp's school was moved from Stebbins' house to Parker's 
house, and he married her, how soon after his first wife's death, 
I do not know, but I know she gave me the first whipping I 
ever had in school. I had been making some trouble in some 
way and she shut me up in a large closet, very dark. I yelled 
loudly to get out and she said I could not until school was over. 
Now, this closet contained a quantity of walnuts. I threw the 
walnuts against the door so continually that she could not keep 
school. She finally let me out, gave me a good whipping, sent 
me home and father doubled tlie dose. 

The marriage of Miss Clapp probably ended school at the 
Parker house, and a schoolhouse was built between J. C. San- 
derson's and Dwight Sanderson's houses in 1824. I saw the 
building raised, sitting on a board between Diana Sanderson 
and Harriet Smith, sister of Cutler Smith. I recall an incident 
that occurred at that time, thus: When the frame was raised, 
ladders down, etc., the last man down was scolded for not driv- 
ing in a peg to a brace. Some man said. "(I^all Orrin Brown 
with his axe, he can reach it." Orrin was over six feet tall, and 



202 

took Ms axe and at two strokes drove the pin home, and three 
cheers were given for Orrin. 

Joseph Erown r.-as the grandfather of Theophilus Brown, 
and li\-ed in an old house about twentx-five rods south of S. W. 
Allis' house. I went to school in the new house for a short 
time, and then we moved to Whately street in 1S25, to the place 
where I now live. 

The first school I attended after we moved to Whately 
street was at the north center brick house, which stands there 
to-da^-. The teacher was Fanny Crafts, sister of Cotton, for I 
remember of her taking all the school children to her home to 
eat maple sugar. The second school I attended in the street 
was a private school, kept in a store that stood about where the 
Town house now stands. This building was afterwards moved 
to the west side of the street, where Horace Manning now lives, 
by J. M. Cooley and remodeled. When he went to Springfield, 
Mr. Temple occupied it. 

Our teacher was the Rev. Mr. Perkins, afterwards one of 
the first missionaries to China. He was a rigid disciplinarian, 
and gave me my first whipping wrongfully. I pleaded with him 
not to whip me, as I was not the one who did the mischief, but 
J. did not give away the other boy, but took the dose manfulh-. 
I made up my mind I would get even with him. About a month 
after I went to the schoolroom at noon time, put a large bent pin 
in his big arm chair seat, and when he opened the afternoon 
school, and sat down in the chair he jumped half over the 
room, pitching his table and books before him. He never could 
find out th^ boy rogue who did it, for that boy's head was close 
to his slate all that afternoon, wrestling with the mysteries of 
fractions and, occasionally, seeking his advice to unravel them. 
S. B. White attended this school, also Albert Sanders, Deacon 
Reuben H. Belden, Zabina W. Bartlett, Charles D. Stockbridge, 
Rufus P. Wells, Mary Morton, Experience Wells, Harriet Frary, 
John H. Bardwell and sisters, and many of the older scholars 
from other districts. 

About this time the people north of the old church, this side 
of Gutter brook, got set off to the south district school, taught 
by Lydia Allis, afterwards Mrs. Dr. Myron Harwood, who took 
the place of Salmon White, son of Justice White, who died 
while a teacher there, if I am not mistaken. It was a summer 
school, and I don't think you attended. I think there is no one 
living now who attended school in that district, except myself 



^o3 

and yourself and Mrs. Rufus Dickinson. We children were in- 
structed by our pious parents in^the street, as we passed to and 
fro from the schools, if we met old Parsons Wells, to form two 
lines, take off our hats and bonnets, and let him pass through 
the lane with his chapeau hat, black gown, silk stockings, 
clasped above his knees with silver buckles, abo the same fas- 
tened his shoes. 

I also attended a prix'ate school kept by a student from Am- 
herst college, in the basement of Austin Elder's house, on the 
West Lane. I remember as scholars there, two sons and a 
daughter of Stephen Clark of West Whately, John Bardwell, 
Hopkins Woods and sisters, Angenette and Elizabeth Looniis, 
Sybil and Clarissa Bardwell, daughters of Dr. Bardwell, Expe- 
rience Wells and Mary Morton, Rufus Wells and Morris Morton 
and Porter Wells. 

The next school I attended was a private school, kept by 
Rev. Mr. MacKinstry, in the hall of the hotel owned by Mr. 
Bush, who was also the town merchant in the store attached. 

This was a large and fine school, and manv a Whatelv bov 
and girl, from sixteen to twenty, from all over the town made 
great progress under his teachings in their education for a 
future business life. I remember as scholars from East Whately, 
George W. Sanderson, Reuben H. Belden, Albert Sanders ; 
from Christian Lane, Elizabeth Loomis ; from West Whately, 
Stephen Clark's children; from the center, Hopkins Woods, 
Morris Morton, John and Charles Bardwell and sisters, Experi- 
ence Wells, Mary Ferguson and brothers and Mary Morton, 

My father was one of four or five men that subscribed to 
build a private schoolhouse which stood on the lot west of the 
hotel. This was run as a private school for some years and 
then, for some reason, it was given up, the building sold and it 
is now the Bennett house on the west end of the lane. I do not 
recollect of going to that school. I presume the reason was that 
I was sent to Deerfield academy for two years about that time. 
I recollect of going around with a subscription paper to get 
money for a writing school. I succeeded and procured H. G. 
Knight of Easthampton to give lessons to some seven or eight 
of us boys in a room in Dr. BardwelKs house, he donating the 
use of the room. Mr. Knight was afterwards, I think, Lieut. 
Governor of Massachusetts. 

I recollect also of doing the same thing for a singing school 
and procuring Col. Barr fdr a teacher, and we had a large 



io4 

school and a jolly good time, but I never heard that any of the 
young ladies turned out Jenny Linds or the boys famous tenor 
singers. 1 know in that role I was a failure. The environment 
here was so contracted, in regard to music, that I suppose we 
all fell froni grace in that regard. We all fell back into old Ste- 
phen Clark's and Reuben Graves' style of singing through the 
nose, after Reuben pitched the tune in church by biting his tun- 
ing fork and starting in to praise the Lord with a tenor scream 
that would have frightened an eagle on top of the high moun- 
tain in "West Whately where he lived. 

The same old controversy about schools and their location 
that you and I heard seventy' years ago, is in existence here to- 
day, for at the last Town meeting in March, it was voted, "To 
raise $6000 for a new schoolhouse, subject to the approval of a 
special Town meeting, held 29 April," when the vote in March 
was reversed by a large majority. The first vote would have 
compelled all the scholars to come to one school in the center. 
The true course to pursue is to make three districts out of the 
six now in existence, one to be at the Straits four corners, one 
in West Whately and one large building at the center for small 
children and advanced scholars from all over the town. 

Yery truly yours. 

H. S. ALLIS. 



Libraries. It has always seemed to me as strange that 
the subject of libraries should have escaped the attention of Mr. 
Temple. While the town has nothing to be overproud of in 
this direction, yet we deem it of some importance that due atten- 
tion should be given to so important a matter as a library. So 
we beg our readers to note carefully what we may say. 

The first librar\' of which I have any knowlege in Whately 
was formed sometime between 1790 and '95, perhaps earlier even 
than 1790. To commence with, each subscriber paid one shil- 
ling and six pence, and in the original document, which is with- 
out date, it is written in ancient form, as 1-6. This was doubt- 
less in English money. To show our authorit}- for claiming a 
date prior to iSoo, I find that Abner Dickinson died 28 Sept., 
1799. aged seventy-five years, and he was one of the subscrib- 
ers, so it must have been before his death and quite a number 
died soon after. I will give an exact copy of the names and the 
amounts credited as paid : 






















tn 

w 

O 



o 



20S 



LIST OF THOSE WHO PAID ONE SHILLING, SIX PENCE. 



Salah Scott. 
John White, 
Consider Morton, 
Daniel Morton, 
Capt. Seth Frary, 
Solomon Atkins, 
Asa Sanderson, 
Graves Crafts, 
Charles BardwelT, 
John Smith. 
Zenas Field, 
Reuben Graves, 
Isaac Frary, 
Samuel Dickinson. 
Gideon Dickinson, 
Luther White, 
Simeon Morton, 
Samuel Grimes, 
Thomas Wells, 
Thomas Marsh, 
Levi Graves, 
Joel Monson, 
Martin Graves. 



Rev. Rufus Wells, 

Capt. Henry Stiles, 

Joshua Belden, 

Lieut. Abel Scott, 

Eleazer Frary, 

Jeremiah Waite, 

Maj. Phineas Frar\', 

Oliver Graves, Jr., 

Salmon White, 

Philo Bacon, 

Moses Graves, 

Samuel G. Morton, 

Capt. Salmon Graves, 

Jehu Dickinson, 

Elijah AUis, 

Aaron Dickinson, 

Moses Munson, Jr., 

William Mather, 

Dea. Levi Morton, * 

Salah Graves, 

Oliver Morton, 

Gad Smith, 

Nathan Waite, 

Abner Dickinson, 

In all forty-seven names of the most prominent people in 
Whately prior to 1800. The youngest of these was Thomas 
W^ells, born in ijSr . 

After this, about 1820 or perhaps a year or two earlier, 
another library association was formed of probably a larger con- 
stituency, and continued until about 1832 or thereabouts, when 
quite a number of the subscribers refused to be governed by the 
regulations, and refused to pay annually the stipend agreed up- 
on and, after much altercation, they agreed to sell the books at 
auction. 

I well recollect of being present at the sale and buying a 
few books, and I heard Dr. Miron Harwood say at that time, 
"That this was just the way the old library was sold off at pub- 
lic auction and that he bought one or more books" (I do not 
recall how many books he said he bought.) At that time, 1S32, 
there had been many removals from tow-n and others w'ere 
going. 

The next effort was to avail ourselves of the right to establish 
school district libraries, about 1842 or '43, the state contributing 
towards the expense. Several of our school districts procured a 



• 2o6 

library of standard works. This continued for awhile and the in- 
terest in these books decreased, as the books were of a different 
nature from those the vounsr desired to read. The next library 
was an agricultural library, formed in i86r. A meeting was 
duly called and a goodly number of our people gatliered in 
the evening of 7 Nov., 1S61, and made choice of Dr. Chester 
Bardwell as president, Elihu Btlden. Esq., as vice president, 
and James M. Crafts as secretary. A committee of five, con- 
sisting of Dr. Chester Barduell, Elihu Belden. Esq., Edwin M. 
Belden, Elliott C. Allis and James M. Crafts, were chosen to 
select a list of books to constitute an agricultural library. Each 
member paid in fi\-e dollars to the fund for books, with an 
annual stipend of one dollar to be invested in ne\\ books. The 
interest continued and much good resulted. At a meeting held 
after the establishment of the Town librar}-, in 1S71, it was 
voted unanimousl}-, "To place all such books as remained, in 
the Town library, to be used as town custodians might see fit," 
and thus ended this agricultural library after a continuance of 
some fifteen years. 

It is certainly proper that we should speak somewhat in de- 
tail relative to the establishment of the Town free library. 
There had long been a strong desire for the establishment of a 
library, either by an association of interested citizens or, some- 
how, by the town. At last, at a meeting held 6 April, 1S74, 
action was taken on the following article: "To see what action 
the town will take to establish a Town library and to choose a 
committee for the same." Under this article the town chose as 
the committee: Salmon P. White, Seth B. Crafts, David Scott, 
Samuel C. Wood, Charles F. Pease and Paul W. Field, and 
they were to appoint a librarian. They outlined the needful 
steps to be taken and made report to the Town meeting the 
next March. Then the town appropriated the amount of the 
dog fund. 

The first books were bought and were soon in the hands of 
hungry readers, a room in the Town house being set apart for 
the storage of the books. This room was intended for the Town 
clerk's office, but was only used to store the weights and meas- 
ures and an old trunk or two that contained old papers, valua- 
tion books and a badly mixed assortment of town orders, etc. 
The sum of the dog fund, often increased by an extra appropri- 
ation, has been given annually for its support. Aside from this 
the town has paid the needed expense of the librarian, as well 



207 

as the expense of repairing and rebinding the books. I can 
only give the amount of three years' appropriations, for the lack 
of Town reports, but I ihink they represent about a fair average 
of the yearly appropriations: For 18S5S6, the sum was $155.75 
and service of librarian $26, in all S1S1.75 ; for 1S87-88, the sum 
for both was 5142 69 ; for 1898-99, the sum for both was S199.00. 

Under the town's fostering care we now have 2,279 volumes, 
besides numerous public documents. The number of new books 
added in 1898 was 120 volumes of the latest works of the best 
authors, with several standard works, and the intelligent com- 
mittee will tell you "The patronage of the library increases each 
year. The library room has been enlarged, giving additional 
space for at least 2,000 volumes, the floor covered with linoleum 
and new lamps put in, all of which greatly improves the appear- 
ance of the place." And now I may be permitted to say in con- 
.cluding this account of the efforts of our town's people to have 
a library commensurate with the wants, not to say necessities of 
the people of our town — perhaps I shall be excused when I say 
that but a moiety of our people have ever opposed liberal appro- 
priations of money for the constant increase of the books and 
their care — that the library stands to-day as a permanent 
fixture of the town, not onh' as an adjunct in our educational 
system, supplementing, as it does, our schools where the ele- 
ments of an education are obtained, only to be developed by 
reading the best thoughts of intelligent writers. 

To-day it is not unusual to find a large class of our people 
well informed in current literature-and capable of interesting con- 
versation on topics allied thereto. True, works of fiction form 
the larger portion of the books read, yet they are often found to 
contain much of historic value, as well as a refined method of 
expression, all of which is educational. 

One more thought presses upon my mind, and that is the 
fact of a library not being mentioned by Mr. Temple. Yet, 
when he was settled over the Congregational church, three libra- 
ries had existed and two of them had run their course and been 
closed up. And one would be left to conclude that the sources 
of information of our people were confined to listening to the 
long-drawn-out discourses of the clergymen and the small and 
uninteresting county papers. Yet, we had had two comfortable 
sized circulating libraries, the first dating back to about rjQo, 
and the other to about 1818 to '20, started by a fund raised on 
each sliare and an annual payment of a stipulated amount. 



208 

In the first librar}-, each member or shareholder contributed 
annually the sum of is, 6d English money, so the amount of an- 
nual collections would be ^3, los and 6d, or in federal money 
(calling a pound equal to S3. 35) would make n(jt far from about 
Si 2 in round numbers. This sum had been annually expended 
for books up to near the time of its sale. Copies of these books 
are yet in existence. 

It is nevertheless true that our schools, though they gave 
us the primary elements for an education, were largely 
the hot beds of instilling into the minds of the young, certain 
theological notions calculated to uphold the dominant order. I 
am now past fourscore-and-two years, and yet. the impress on 
mv mind still exerts an influence upon my modes of thinking. 
I left school for summers when I was eight years old. Up to 
this time, the only study in school had been the New^ England 
Primer and Assembly's Shorter Catechism, and we were cate- • 
chised not only by the teachers, but often by the minister, who 
not only asked the usual questions, but took occasion to impress 
many points upon the scholars. 

The primer contained twenty-four coarse woodcuts, one, as 
I recall it, was a picture of the devil. He was represented as 
having legs like a big rooster, with spurs ; another represented 
a biblical scene of the driving of a large nail into a man's head ; 
another scene was the burning of John Rogers at the stake, and 
as a recent writer well says, accompanied with couplets and 
triplets as follows : 

In Adam's fall ') ' Zacheus he 

;- and did climb a tree 
We sinned all ) our Lord to see 

and others of a similar nature. 

It is claimed that the primer w^as of Englisli production. 
A recent magazine' article well says: "The}' are full of piety 
of a ghoulish sort, or of the teachings of that stern school of 
theology to which those men belonged who lived in the idea 
that they had been ransomed by the sweat of no vulgar agony, 
by the blood of no earthly sacrifice," for whom "The sun had 
been darkened and the rocks rent, the dead had arisen and all 
nature had shuddered at the sufferings of an expiring God." 

All these things were taught us in the hope that the mind 
of the young would receive such impressions as would in after 
life control our religious belief, doubtless with a commendable 
purpose, when viewed from their standpoint. So works of fie- 



209 

tion -^-ere deemed of little worth, and people urged the commit- 
tees to purchase books that should largely consist of history, 
biography and travels, with a liberal sprinkling of scientific 
works. 

It was soon apparent that these kind of books did not often 
leave the shelves of the library, and the committees were 
obliged to cater to the wants of the readers. The conditions in 
which we live are changed, our educational system is up with 
the times. Our newspapers are now filled with suitable read- 
ing. Liberal and advanced thoughtpermeates the minds of our 
people, and their reading must correspond to their advanced 
wants. So by all means cherish your library, 




CHAPTER XII. 

WHATELY IN THE \VARS. — THE FRENCH AND INDIAN WAR, 
1 754- 1 763; T-HE WAR OF THE REVOLUTION, 1 775" 1 783; 
THE SHAYS' REBELLION. [786-17S7; THE WAR OF l8l2- 
1S14; THE REBELLION OF 1S61-1S65. 

Although the war of 1754 antedates the incorporation of the 
town, yet as permanent settlements had been made, and these 
families are identified with its social and civil life, and their indi- 
vidual acts illustrate its public history, there is an evident pro- 
priety that the war records of the time should be included in 
the annals of Whately. These earlier struggles against the 
encroachments of the French, were a preparation for the later 
struggle for Colonial independence. The private soldier received 
a training which fitted him for the post of command. And thus 
the discipline of the camp and the smell of gunpowder were not 
new experiences to the Minute Men of '75. 

As will be seen, several of the men, whose record is given 
were, at the time of their enlistment, inhabitants of other and 
distant towns. Some saw the lands on which the}' afterwards 
settled, for the first time, when marching to and from the scene 
of warfare northward and westward, and some were then and 
continued to be citizens of Deerneld till the south part of that 
town, on which they were located, was annexed to Whately 
in 1 8 10. 

The ages of these soldiers varied greatly and, in some cases, 
father and son were members of the same company. Ebenezer 
Bardwell, St., was fifty, Gaius Crafts was thirty, Joseph San- 
derson, Jr., was eighteen. Some were out in a single campaign. 



211 

others took part in nearly- every expedition during the seven 
years of active warfare. 

Although the list may be incomplete, yet even this brief 
record will help do justice to the memory of many brave men, 
who o'ave the flower of their \'OUth to their country, and some of 
whom, through the neglect or inability of the government, failed 
to receive a proper return for their sacrifices of tinie, money 
and health. 

The scope of this work does not include a history of the 

causes and progress of these wars, it does not even include an 

extended account of any single campaign. Indeed, so far as 

the French war is coticerned, our account will be confined to 

a bare record of the names of those who were at the time, or 

afterwards became inhabitants of W'hately, and a list of the ex- 

peditions in which each soldier served. 

Abraham Parker. In Capt. Israel Williams' company, 
Aug., 1754, to March, 1755. 

Henry Stiles. In Capt. Ephraim Williams' company at 
Fort Massachiisetts, 23 Sept., 175-I.. In Capt. Israel Williams' 
company, 11 Dec, 1755, to 10 March, 1756. In Capt John 
Burke's company expedition to Crown Point, 29 March to 30 
Die, 175&. Sergeant inCapt. Isaac Wyman's company, 25 Dec, 

1756, to 26 Jan., 1757. Serjeant in Capt. John Burke's com- 
pan_\-, expedition to F5rt William Henry, 12 Feb. to 4 Xov., 

1757- 

Richard Carey. In Capt. Elijah Williams' company, T755. 
In Capt. John Burke's company, 2 March to i April, 1757. 

Philip Smith. In Capt. Elijah Williams' company, 1755. 
In Capt. William Lyman's compan\', 10 Sept. to 30 Dec, 1756. 

Simeon Graves. In Capt. E. Williams' company, 1755. 
In Capt. William Lyman's company, 10 Sept. to 30 Dec, 1756. 

Joel Dickinson. In Capt. Lyman's company at Lake 
George, 1755. Sergeant in same company, 10 Sept. to 30 
Dec, 1756. 

Samuel Carley. In Capt. Benjamin Ballard's company, Mar. 
to Oct , 1755, and Dec. 1755, to March, 1756. In Capt. Samuel 
Howe's company, 1756. In Capt. John Burke's company, ex- 
pedition to Fort William Henr}-, Feb. to Nov., 1757. 

Gains Crat"ts. In Capt. Moses Porter's company, expedi- 
tion to Crown Point, i April to S Sept., 1756. In expedition to 
Canada, campaigns of 175S and 1759. In Capt. Elijah Smith's 
company, expedition to Crown Point, April, 1759, to Jan.' 1760. 

Perez Bardwell. Enlisted at eighteen years old. In expe- 
dition to Crown Point, 1756. In Capt. John Burke's company, 
2 March to i April, 1757. In Capt. Salah Barnard's company. 

1757. In same company, expedition to Canada, 1758 and 1759. 



212 

Corporal in Capt. Barnard's company, expedition to Canada, 
Feb. to Dec. 1760, and in Capt. William Shepard's company, 
April, 1761, to Jan., 1762. 

Paul Smith In Capt. Moses Porter's company, expedition 
to Crown Point. 1756. In expedition to Canada, 1759. 

David Gra\-es, Jr. In Capt. Moses Porter's company, expe- 
dition to Crown Point, 1756. 

Seth Waite. In Capt. Moses Porter's company, expedition 
to Crown Point, 1756. In Capt. Elijah Smith's compan}-, expe- 
dition to Crown Point, April, 1759, to Jan., 1760. 

Ebenezer Bardwell. Lieutenant in Capt. Moses Porter's 
company, expedition to Crown Point, 1756, also in Capt. Joiia. 
Ball's company, same year. In Capt. Salah Barnard's com- 
pany, expedition to Canada, 1757 and 175S. In Capt. John 
Burke's company, engaged in bringing deserters, from 30 March 
to 25, Dec. 1759. 

Ebenezer Bardwell. Jr. In Capt. Salah Barnard's company, 
expedition to Canada, 1757 and 1758. 

Joseph Belden, Jr. In Capt. Whitcomb's company, 1756. 

Nathaniel Sartwell. In Capt. Whitcomb's company, 1756. 
In Capt. John Burke's company, 1757. 

Israel Graves. In Capt. Israel William's company, 1756. 

Salmon White. Corporal in Capt. William Lyman's com- 
pany, 1756. 

Elisha Frary. Drummer in Capt. .William Lyman's com- 
pany, 1756. 

Abner Dickinson. In Capt. William Lyman's company, 
1756. 

Joseph Byrani. In Capt. John Burke's company, 1757. 
Ensign in Col. Jona. Hoar's regiment, ij6i. Ensign in com- 
mand of Invalid company at Crown Point, Nov., 1761, to 
March, 1762. 

Samuel Bardwell, brother" of Perez. In Capt. Barnard's 
company, 1757. In expedition to Canada, 1758 and 1759. 

Oliver Graves and Nathan Graves. In Lieut. Billings' 
company, marched for relief of Fort William Henry, 1757. 

PpuI Belden. In Capt. John Burke's company, expedition 
to Canada, 1759. 

Silas Smith. In Capt. Burke's company, as above. 

Jeremiah Waite. In Capt. Salah Barnard's company, expe- 
dition to Canada, 1760. 

War of the Revolutiox, i 775-1 7S3. — The letters of 
Thomas Whately and Governor Hutchinson, copied at length in 
a preceding ehapter, have given intimation of an impending 
struggle between the colonies and the mother country. 

The original charter of the American colonies were under- 



213 

stood to guarantee to the people all the rights and liberties of 
Englishmen. One of the dearest of these rights was. immunity 
from taxation, except by their own consent, i. e., by their rep- 
resentatives in Parliament. And, as the colonists had no rep- 
resentation, they claimed that they were rightfully exempt. 
And this exemption had not before been called in question. For 
near one hundred and fifty years this guarantied privilege had 
not been disturbed. But after the close of the war with France 
in 1763, Great Britain found herself burdened alike with debts 
and with domestic taxes, and, as a measure of relief, the minis- 
try devised the plan of raising a revenue by impost and other 
duties, levied on articles of prime necessity to her American 
subjects. 

These measures were resisted by the colonies, not so much 
because the burden first imposed was oppressive, but because the 
right to raise a revenue in this way implied the right to levy 
more direct taxes, and thus made the internal management of 
American affairs subject to the will of Parliament. It was a 
first move in a course which would undermine their liberties. 

Remonstrances and petitions and appeals to the king were 
sent home and had their effect. The first revenue laws were 
repealed or modified, or allowed to remain inoperative. Rut the 
repeal of the Stamp act was accompanied with the passage of 
an act, declaring "That Parliament has, and of right ought to 
have, power to bind the colonies in all cases whatsoever." 

Other plans for taxing the Americans were adopted, and 
new causes of irritation sprung up, which developed and tested 
the temper of men on both sides. But what aroused most deeply 
the spirit of the colonies was an address to the king, adopted by 
Parliament in February, 1769, requesting that orders might be 
sent to the Governor of Massachusetts to transport to England 
for trial all who should be suspected of treason. This was an 
unexpected move, and was looked upon as hostile and vengeful. 
Nothing could be more odious to a freeman, who had all his life 
enjoyed equal ^rights in his native land, than the idea of being 
torn from his country and tried for his life by strangers. 

The British view of this measure is presented in the letter 
of Mr. Whately. The American view of this and the measures 
that immediately followed it, is set forth in well-known declara- 
tions of the colonial legislatures, in the destruction of the tea in 
Boston harbor and the war of the Revolution. 

Massachusetts was the first of the colonies to resist the arbi- 



514 

trary acts of Parliament, and her capital was singled out as the 
first to receive exemplar}' punishment. She led the \va}- in 
devising ways and means of revolution, and bore her full share 
in the sacrifices and sorrows of the contest. 

Although the people of the Connecticut vallex' were less 
directly affected by tlie restrictions on commerce, and the pres- 
ence of foreign troops, than the* seaboard towns, }'et the princi- 
ples involved were felt by all to touch the vital issues of civil 
life and political liberty. And our people were quick to respond 
to the alarm of danger, and entered with the whole heart into 
the struggle for independence. 

In the fall and winter of 1772-73 a plan was originated by 
the leading patriots of this state, which had a most important 
bearing on the progress and ultimate success of the revolution, 
and the subsequent union of the colonies. This plan was the 
appointment of a central committee ot correspondence and 
inquin.' in Boston, and like committees in every town in the 
province. Similar committees were appointed by \*irginia and 
other colonial assemblies. By this means the counsels and 
action of the entire people were brought into harmony, and 
efficiency and strength given to every movement. 

A circular, accompanied with a pamphlet, wherein "The 
rights of the colonists, and the infringements thereof," are set 
forth, was sent to the inhabitants of the several towns in the 
state. A copy of this was received b}- the W'hatelj' authorities 
early in 1773. A town meeting was immediately called, and a 
committee of three, Edward Brown, Elisha Frary and Joseph 
Belden, Jr., was chosen to answer the said letter. The commit- 
tee drew up, and forwarded (by vote of the town) the following 
reply: 

Gentlemen: The proceedings of the town of Boston under 
the present exigencies, we esteem very laudable and worthy of 
a metropolis. W'e concur in general with 3'our sentiments in 
stating the rights of the colonists and province, and of the in- 
fringements of these rights. We hold fast loyalty to our sover- 
eign, yet we groan under our burden, but do not despair of re- 
dress. If the importunity of a poor ^-iciow may move an unjust 
judge to avenge her how much more may we hope for redress 
by frequent applications to a gracious king. We shall at all 
times heartily join with you, in all legal and constitutional meas- 
ures, for the keeping of these inestimable pi;ivileges wrested 
from us, and firmly to secure those that remain. For we are 
sensible that, should we renounce our liberty and privileges, we 
should renounce the rights of man, the rights of humanity and, 



215 

even our duty to God and man. We have no doubts but that 
the Parliament of Great Britain will hereby understand that 'tis 
not the discontedness of a faction, but that the whole people are 
sensible of the burdens they labor under. 

This letter is indicative of the general popular sentiment. 
The people were still strongly attached to their sovereign, and 
had not given up hope of securing redress for their grievances, 
but they were ready to stand by their leaders and to defend their 
ancient rights and privileges. In this town, as in other places, 
the use of tea and most West India goods, had almost entirely 
ceased. Foreign calicoes and woolens, which had largely taken 
the place of homespun, were now discarded. The spinning- 
wheels were restored to their places in the living rooms, the looms 
were repaired, and the younger girls became ambitious to learn 
all the mysteries of making and dyeing cloth, and men and 
women alike returned to the wool and flaxen garments of their 
grandparents. Great care was taken to increase the number of 
sheep. The acreage of flax sown was doubled. All projected 
public improvements were stayed, and family expenses were cut 
down to the lowest point. Lawsuits were taken out of court 
and settled, alienated neighbors became friends. 

1774. This was a year of active preparation. The central 
committee of correspondence called for mone}' to help. the dis- 
tressed citizens of Boston, and further the plans of armament 
and organization. And at a town meeting in Wbately, held 21 
July, it was voted, "To pay out of the town stock the sum sent 
for by the committee." 

Oliver Graves was chosen deputy to attend the Provincial 
congress to be holden at Concord the second Tuesday in Octo- 
ber. Elisha Frary was delegate to the second congress, held 
at Cambridge, 5 Feb., 1775, Noah Wells and Salmon White 
went to the third congress, which met at the meeting-house in 
Watertown the last of May, 1775. 

During this fall — 177-I. — a company of minute men was 
organized. As was natural, the men who had been trained in 
the French and Indian war were looked to as best fitted to lead 
in this new struggle. Lieut. Ebenezer Bardwell, who had seen 
most military- service, was now sixty-eight years old, and Henry 
Stiles, now in the prime of life and next him in military expe- 
rience, was selected to command the company. The best men 
of the town enlisted and took their place in the ranks. 

At a meeting in December the town voted, "To provide one 



2l6 

hundred weight of powder, two hundred weight of lead and two 
hundred flints for the use of the town." 

1775. Early in January a committee of correspondence was 
chosen, consisting of Oliver Graves. Benjamin Smith, Oliver 
Morton, Joshua Belden, John Smith, Elisha Frary and Paul 
Smith. And at the same town meeting it was voted, "To raise 
money for the minute men." 

Voted, "That the minute men be allowed Sd for each half 
day spent; the sergeants, lod; the lieutenants, i2d." 

\'oTED, "That the minute men train four half days between 
this and the first day of May next." 

The Lexin'GTOX Alarm. — The battle of Lexington was 
fought April 19th, and the news reached the valley late in the 
da}' of the 20th. The alarm was instantl}' sounded, and the 
Whately company of minute men was ready to start early the 
next morning. They marched that day and the next forenoon 
forty miles, and receiving intelligence that the British had 
retreated and that their services would not be required, they 
returned home the 23d. 

The roll of this company, found in the state archives, is as 
follows : 

Capt. Henr\^ Stiles Ebenezer Dickinson 

Lieut. jS.oah Bardwell Niles Coleman 

Sergt. John Lamson Roswell Smith 

Sergt. John Brown Benjamin Smith 

Thomas Sanderson Joel Waite 

Paul Belden Daniel Wells 

Ebenezer Bardwell, Jr. Salmon White 
John Waite, Jr. ' Edward Brown 

Simeon Wells David Ingraham 

This list, however, comprises less than half the Whately 
men that marched that day for the scene of strife. The Hatfield 
companies were made up largely of our townsmen, and some of 
the Deerfield company, though then living over the line, should 
be reckoned to our account. In Capt. Perez Graves' Hatfield 
company were : 

Silas Smith Elisha Smith 

John Smith Gideon Dickinson 

Gains Crafts Gad Waite 

Jonathan Edson, Jr. Salah Scott 



217 

"This company marched to Ware, twenty-three miles, and 
returned with the Whately company. 

In Capt. Israel Chapin's company, Colonel John Fellows' 
regiment, that marched 20 April, and was out seven days, were: 

Lieut. Perez Bardwell Joseph Crafts 

Sergt. Nath'l'Sartwell Noah Field 

Sergt. Joseph Belden, Jr. Salah Graves 

Corp. Abel Scott Joel Scott 

Drum'r Phineas Frary Elijah 5icott 

Fifer Eleazer Frary John Sanderson 

Zenas Field Solomon Snow^ 

Josiali Brown Elihu Waite 

Abel Bacon Gad Waite 

Simeon Morton Salah Scott 
John Crafts 

In Capt. Jonas Locke's company of Deerfield minute men 
w'ere : 

Jonathan Spafford 
Abel Parker 

In Capt. N. Leonard's Sunderland company we find; 

Ebenezer Barnard 

In Capt. Seth. Murray's Hatfield company, Col. Wood- 
bridge's regiment, that marched 29 April and was out till 25 
August, were the following Whately names: 

Jonathan Edson 
Elisha Wells 

In Capt. Stebbins' company we find : Abraham Parker. 
He assisted in making the redoubts on Bunker Hill and his 
company was in the battle the 17th. One of the men was killed 
and Capt. Maxwell was wounded, but Parker came out unin- 
jured. 

The other Whately men who took part in the battle of 
Bunker Hill were : 

Jonathan Edson Jonathan Spafford 

Jonathan Edson, Jr. Elisha Wells 

They also assisted in throwing up the redoubts the night 
before the battle. Perhaps there were others, but our careful 
search has failed to locate them. 



2l8 

This is an honorable record. The number of males in town, 
at this date, between sixteen and sixty, was less than one hun- 
dred. And you have found before a list of fifty men who volun- 
teered to march at a minute's warning in defense of their char- 
tered rights. And the fact deserves mention in this connection 
that, from the beginning to the end of the war, Whatelv was 
never deficient in her quota of men. 

We however claim credit for Julius Frary, born at W'hately, 
27 July, 1755. and his brother, David Frar>-, born 12 Sept., 
1747. sons of Moses Frar_\' who first built where George B. Mc- 
Clelan now li\-es, and Joel Dickinson, Jr., who came to Whatelv 
with his lather, Dea. Joel, but who had remo^•ed to Conway, 
and Jacob \\'alker, then living in Hatfield. 

Some of the companies contained father and son, as for in- 
.stance, Jonathan Edson and son, Jonathan, Jr., Benjamin Smith 
and his son, Roswell Smith. Some of those who started were 
only out a few days and then returned, as they were not needed, 
while others pulled through and served for some time, drawing 
clothing in the fall. We are glad to note that five of them were 
in the battle of Bunker Hill. 

About this time, August, 1775, Gen. Gage had impris- 
oned several outspoken whigs in the Boston jail and was 
treating them as felons. Gen. Washington remonstrated and 
said unless he ceased his persecution for opinion's sake, he 
would retaliate, which he did by sending several naval officers 
to the Hampshire Co. jail, at Northampton, where they were 
held for sometime. 

The artillery regiment, under Col. Thos. Crafts, was ordered 
to fortify the is'ands in Boston harbor. So on the T3th of June, 
1776. although the British troops had evacuated Boston, yet 
their fieet la}- off the harbor, really controlling the entrance to 
the port- he began with six hundred men, and the first night 
finished the earthworks on one island and soon had cannon and 
ammunition ready for use. This was on Moon island, Haffs 
neck, etc. The next night deft-nces were thrown up on Long 
island and at Xanta^ket and cannon were mounted and they 
began to play on the British fleet, and the fleet left for Halifax. 

After partially finishing the harbor defences, a convo}- of 
English storeships sailed into the harbor, and -when all were 
safely in, they were amazed to find that the army had evacuated 
Boston and the fleet had been compell-^d also to give up the 
blockade, and they too surrendered. The storeships were loaded 



219 

with war material and con\-oyed by a war ship. Its officers and 
crew and some troops, in all seven hundred men, were made 
prisoners. 

These men. or a portion of them, were quartered in Hamp- 
shire county, an:ong its se\'eral towns. Several officers were 
quartered at the old red hotel in the Straits ( Whately, and one 
of them, with a diamond, cut his name on a pane of glass which 
Mrs. Samuel Bartlett well recollected of seeing. She was 
Sophia Smith, daughter of Gad Smith of Whately. and born in 
1790. She said the old red house was pulled down or bur; ed 
when she was hut a young girl, but she distinctly- remembered 
of seeing the name on the pane of glass and of hearing her par- 
ents relate the fact of these British prisoners being quartered at 
the old hotel. It is confidently claimed that some or" the 
Whatelv soldiers assisted in the work of re-establishing the de- 
fences in Boston harbor. This is the reason for alluding to the 
fortification of the islands in Boston harbor, 

The act of the British troops in marching from Boston for 
the destruction of military stores, and the bloody encounters at 
Lexington and Concord, virtually extinguished hope of recon- 
ciliation and severed the bond which bound the colony to the 
king's authoritv. And it is a matter of interest to know how a 
people suddenly loosed from government restraints will conduct 
themselves. The following paper will show v.-hat was the first 
action of our town's people : "Whereas the law of the Province, 
or the execution of it is ceased, and the constables have not had 
the power to collect the rates as heretofore : These are to let 
you know, as constables, that this town's committee, chosen for 
that purpose, will and do protect you in the collection of those 
rates that are now behind, in six weeks from this date, or the 
town treasurer shall have full power to distrain on said con- 
stables." 

Signed, David Graves, Jr., Philip Smith, Joseph Belden, 
Elisha Belden, John Crafts, Noah Wells, Oliver Graves, Benj. 
Smith, Elisha Frary, Josiah Allis. 

Whately, May ye 4th, 1775. 

1776. Before it was known what had been the action of 
the Continental congress, at a town meeting, held 6 July, 1776, 
it was voted, "That in case the Continental congress shall de- 
clare the colonies to be an independent state from Great Britain, 
we will support the declaration with our lives and fortunes." 

Previous to this, i. e., on the 25th of June, an order had 



220 

been issued for raising five thousand men for immediate service. 
The troops from Hampshire county were destined to march to 
Canada. The quota required of Whately was nine, and the fol- 
lowing men enlisted : 

Bacon, Philo Sanderson, Asa 

Crafts, Joseph ' Scott, Phineas 

Dickinson, Ebenezer Scott, Elijah 

Morton, Joel Scott, Luther 

Morton. Samuel G. 

These men received a bounty of £- from the state, and the 
town voted ^'54 "For their encouragement." 

As soon as the news arrived at Boston that the united colo- 
nies had declared their independence, an order was issued (10 
July) for the enlistment of every twenty-fifth man in the state, 
to re-enforce the northern army. The town records do not give 
the names of men who answered to this call, but the following 
list contains the names of all the three years enlisted and 
drafted men required to fill the town's quota from 1776 to 1779, 
inclusive: 

Bacon, Abel Harrington, Thomas 

Bardwell, Ebenezer, Jr. from Shutesbury 

Belden, Joab Jones, Henry 

from Northfield from ? 

Blackman, Samuel Snow, Solomon 

from Peru Snow, Rernice 

Bragg, Joab Snow, Zephaniah 

Brown, Edward Phelps, Bezaliel 

Fuller, Amos from Worthington 

from Peru Train, Oliver 
Hawley, John 

Nine Whately men and substitutes. 

Oliver Morton and others (names not given) went on an 
expedition to Ticonderoga sometime during this year. 

The muster roll of Capt. Oliver Lyman's company in service 
at Dorchester, 27 Nov., 1776. to March, 1777, contains the fol- 
lowing names : 

Brown, William Smith, Adna 

Parker, Benjamin Smith, Phineas 

Parker, Abraham Smith, Bezaliel 

In Capt. Benjamin Phillip's company at Fort Ticonderoga, 



221 

23 Dec, 1776, to 24 Feb., 1777, were tlie following Whately 
men : 1 

Frary, Julius Sanderson, James 

Graves, Mathew Smith, Hlisha 

Pratt, Aaron, was of Deerfield, but afterwards lived in 
Whately. 

In Capt. Thomas French's company, expedition to Sara- 
t02:a, were these Whatelv men: 

Sanderson, John Smith, Elisha 

Sanderson, Jan:es Graves, Simeon 

Other Whately men at the surrender of Burgoyne were: 

Bardwell, Ebenezer, Jr. Keyes, Stephen 

Brown, William Frary, Seth 

Field, Zenas Wells, Elisha 
Parker, Abraham 

Military stores were scarce and the several towns were 
called upon to furnish their quota of blankets, shirts and stock- 
ings, as well as beef and bread. In one of the first calls for 
four thousand blankets, the number required of Whately was 
seven. The method of collecting these was, for a committee to 
go to a house and, after inquiry and examination, to decide 
whether the family ought to furnish one, two or three blankets, 
make the demand and pay a specified sum in the paper money 
of the day. Sometimes blankets were taken directly from the 
beds in use. Beef was collected by orders upon the town 
authorities, and was often delivered upon the hoof. 

1777. Early this year the General Court passed "An act to 
prevent monopoly and oppression," in which the selectmen and 
committee of safety of the several tow-ns were directed to set a 
price upon all the articles usually bought and sold, and also 
upon labor. "A list of several articles, with their prices, as 
delivered to the town clerk of Whately, 3 March, 1777, by the 
selectmen and committee of safety, by order of the Court, are 
here given : Good merchantable wheat, 6s per bu. ; r\-e, 4s; 
Indian corn, 2s, Sd ; barley, 4s ; beans, 6s ; peas, 6s ; potatoes, is , 
4d : oats, is, Sd ; sheep's wool, 2s per lb; flax, lod ; salt pork, 
8d ; fresh pork, 4d ; beef, first quality, 3^2 d ; butter, 8d ; cheese, 
6d ; men's yarn stockings, 6s; men's common shoes, 8s; wom- 
en's shoes, 6s, 6d ; cider barrels, sap staves, 3s, 6d ; common 
dinners, gd ; horse keeping per night, loV^d ; New England flip, 
9d per mug ; shoeing horse all round, in the best manner, 6s; 



222 



rawhides, 3d per lb. ; raw calfskins, 6d ; tanned leather, is, 3d ; 
making shoes, common sort. 3s per pair; tow cloth, yd. wide, 
2s, 3d per yard; striped flannel, yd wide, 3s, 6d ; eotton and 
linen cloth. 3s. 6d ; weaving tow cloth, 5d, 3! per yard ; a yoke 
of oxen per day, is, 4d ; riding horse per mile, 2d ; cart or other 
carriage per mile, 2d ; 2 qts. oats, 2d, 2f ; pasturing a horse per 
week, IS, lod ; do. a yoke of oxen, 2s, 2d; common summer 
labor, 2S, 8d per day; winter labor, 2s per day; men's board per 
week, 5s, 4d ; English hay per hundred, 2s, 2d; and all other 
things not mentioned, according to the common usage and cus- 
tom of the town." 

April 23. An order was issued for raising two battalions of 
seven hundred and fifty men each, from Hampshire county, for 
two months' service at Ticonderoga. A company of fifty-seven 
men under Capt Salmon White, Col. David Wells' regiment, 
was onX from 10 May to jo July. The Whately men in this 
company appear to have been : 

Smith, Elisha Lamson, John 

Brown, Abijah Morton, Samuel G. 

Coleman, Samuel Scott, Joseph 

Field, Zenas Wells, Simeon 

Morton, Joel Crafts, Reuben 

Scott, Elijah Dickinson, Jehu 

Wells, Perez Faxon, Jacob Allen 

Crafts, Moses Parker, Benj. 

Bacon, Philo ' Scott, Abel 

Carey, Richard 

In Capt. Seth Murray's company, expedition to Fort Ed- 
ward and Moses Creek, 9 July to 12 Aug., were : 



Sanderson, Thos., Lieut. 
Bardwell, Noah, Lieut. 
Waite, John, Sergt. 
Wells, Eli.sha 
Waite, Elihu 
Morton, Simeon 
Graves, Reuben 
Belden, Paul 
Graves, John 
Turner, Abraham, Jr. 
Waite, Joel 
Frary, Seth 
Crafts, Graves 
Scott, Salah 



Morton, Daniel, Jr. 
Edson, Jona., Jr. 
Wells, Lemuel 
Field, Noah, Sergt. 
Smith, Phineas, Corp. 
Morton, Levi 
Walker, Jacob 
Smith, Eliiah 
Graves, Salah 
Smith, Roswell 
Scott, Ebenezer 
Belden, Paul, Jr. 
Ingraham, David 
Bardwell, John 



223 

At this time Gen. Burgoyne, in command of the British 
forces, was on his victorious march from the Canadian frontier. 
Ticonderoga was invested i Juh', and abandoned by Gen. St. 
"Clair on the 5th; and Gen. Schuyler, then in command of the 
northern army, was slowly retreating on Saratoga and the mouth 
of the Mohawk. Gen. Horatio Gates was appointed 4 Aug. to 
succeed Gen. Schuyler, and immediately issued a call for rein- 
forcements. The march of Col. Baum on Bennington hastened 
the alarm, and the whole country, though in the midst of early 
harvest, turned out. The defeat of Baum by Gen. Stark, 16 
Aug., will account for the short campaign made by the compa- 
nies next to be mentioned. 

In the muster roll of Capt. Salmon White's compan}- of 
militia, that marched at the request of Gen. H. Gates, 17 Aug., 
and was discharged by orders, ig Aug., 1777, all but thirteen 
were Whately men : 

White, Salmon, Capt. Scott, Gad 

Wells, Elisha Smith, Benjamin 

Brown, Edward Bardwell. Ebenezer, Jr. 

Turner, Ezra Parker, Benjamin 

Graves, Israel, Jr. Wells, Lemuel. Sergt. 

Crafts, Joseph Crafts, John, Sergt. 

Dickinson, Abner Frary, Elisha 

Smith, Gad Brown, John 

Scott, Joseph, Jr. , Brown, Abijah 

Coleman, Nathaniel Graves, Nathan 

Sanderson, Asa Graves, Oliver 

Kellogg, Joseph Morton, Samuel G. 

Handy, Levi Frary, Eleazer 

Smith, Adna Scott, Elijah 

Crafts, Reuben Belden, Joshua 

Morton, Joel Smith, Philip 

White, Salmon, Jr. Allis, Russell 

In Capt. Russell Kellogg's company, out from 17 to 19 
Aug., on the Bennington alarm, were: 

Carey, Richard Graves, .Amasa 

Waite, John 

In Capt. Abel Dinsmore's company, out 17 to 19 Aug., 
were : 

Sanderson, James Graves, Mathew 

Graves, Simeon • Sanderson, John 



224 



In Captain John Kirkland's company in the northern army 
at Saratoga, from i6 Aug. to 14 Oct., 1777, were: ,,^ 



Crafts, Moses 
Scott, Phineas 



Wells, Simeon 



Some of the W'hately men that went out at this time contin- 
ued in ser\'ice through the campaign, till after the surrender of 
Burgoyne, 17 Oct. 

Muster roll of Capt. Salmon White's company of Massachu- 
setts Ba>- militia. Col. Ezra May's regiment, in an expedition to 
Saratoga, 20 Sept. to 14 Oct., 1777 : 

White, Salmon, Capt. 



Sanderson, Thos., Lieut. 
Bardwell, Noah, Lieut. 
Wells, Lemuel, Sergt. 
Crafts, John, Sergt. 
Frary, Eleazer, Sergt. 
Graves, Martin, Corp. 
Bardwell, Eben'r, Jr., Corp. 
Scott, Elijah, Corp. 
Wells, Elisha, Corp. 
Kellogg, Joseph 
Dickinson, Eben'r 
Smith, Gad 
Belden, Joshua 
Smith, Adna 
Smith, Phineas 
Bacon, Philo 



Graves. Nathan, Jr. 
Crafts, Reuben 
Allis. Russell 
Scott, Gad 
Brown, Abijah 
Smith, John 
Smith, Jona. 
Handy, Levi 
Ingraham, David 
Graves, Oliver 
Smith,- Elisha 
Sanderson, Asa 
Graves, Nathan 
Bacon, Benjamin 
Morton, Samuel G. 
Turner, Ezra 



Waite, Joel 

In Capt. Seth Murray's company, expedition to Saratoga 
and at the surrender of Burgoyne, were : 

Frary. Seth Munson, Moses 

Wells, Elisha sub. for Simeon Graves 

sub. for Julius Allis 

To show that men of means often sent some one as a substi- 
tute, I will copy an agreement: 

Whately, 27 Aug., 17S2. Reed, of John Crafts and Lemuel 
'Wells twenty-two pounds, in a. note of hand, for which I prom- 
ise to take William Giles' place, late of Whately, now in the 
Continental service, and there serve the term of five months 
after taking said William Giles' place. If not so ser\'e 



225 

the damage is the sum set forth in this obligation, which I 
promise to pay. 

Witness my hand, 

JOHN BEMENT. 

N. B. The class is to draw John's wages. 

I give one more case of a substitute. In 1782 Benoni Crafts 
was drafted to serve three years and, as he was well advanced 
in life, he hired Oliver Waite, a son of Jeremiah, to go in his 
stead, as his sons, Reuben and Asa Crafts, were much in serv- 
ice. Oliver Waite was discharged for disability in the fall of 
1782. Copy of settlement : 

This is to certify all persons that Benoni Crafts and Reuben 
Crafts have settled their rates with me for my sons going into 
the army for the terra of three years, as witness my hand, 

JEREMIAH WAITE. 
Whately, Oct. 7, 1782. 

Oliver Waite died of consumption in about eighteen months, 
aged 21 years, r month, 15 days. 

1778. The town voted, 8 January, to raise ^90 for four 
men to engage in the service of the United States. The names 
are included in the list of three years men already published. 

An order of the General Court was issued 20 April, for a 
levy of nine months men to complete the fifteen battalions re- 
quired of Massachusetts. Under this call Whately is credited 
with the following men : 

Dickinson, Nathaniel 
Edson, Jonathan 

service not designated. 

In Capt. Abner Pomeroy's company, Col. Ezra Wood's 
regiment, were : 

Scott, Abel, Sergt. 
Carley, Samuel, Corp. 

In Capt. Joseph Storrow's company, same regiment, was : 

Sartle, Nathaniel, Lieut. 
This regiment had headquarters at Peekskill, N. Y., Octo- 
ber to February. One return is dated "Soldier's Fortune," 
N. Y. 

In Capt. Woodbridge's company of new levies, for service 
in Rhode Island, after 8 June, was : 

Philo Bacon. 



226 

In Capt. Daniel Pomeroy's compan\-, Gen. Stark's com- 
mand, from I July to 5 Feb., 1.779, were : 

Ingraham, David 
Sanderson, Isaac 

In Capt. Harrow's company. Col. David Wells' regiment, 
were ; 

Graves, Moses 
Sanderson, Isaac 

1779. During this year no less than six levies of. men were 
ordered by the General Court. The term of enlistment in most 
cases was nine months. The fine for refusing to g;o when drafted 
was from /"45 to ^^50. The pay of a soldier was ^16 per 
month, in addition to the regular Continental pay, with allowance 
of S6 for blanket and 6d per mile travel. In the requisition for 
two thousand men to co-operate with the French allies, a bounty 
of ^30 and 2s mileage was allowed, the bounty to be paid by 
the town. This town voted, "To allow three men, that will en- 
gage nine months in the Continental army, 40s per month — 
equal to wheat at 4s a bushel — with addition of the bounty 
and mileage allowed by the Court." The men who enlisted 
were Samuel G. Morton, Gaidner Marcy, aged 17, and Simeon 
Wells. At the same time Joseph Scott enlisted in the Hatfield 
quota, and Abijah Harding and Allen Faxon in that of 
Deerfield. 

« 

In Capt. Joseph Cook's company, in ser\nce at New Lon- 
don, from 20 July to 27 Aug., were : 

Scott, Abel, Sergt. Wells, Perez 

Bacon, Philo Frary, Seth 

Brown, Isaiah Edson, Jona., Jr. 

Frary, Elisha Smith, Bezaleel 

Sanderson, Asa Waite, Consider 
Graves, Salah 

Dr. Perez Chapin was surgeon's mate in Col. Elisha Por- 
ter's regiment, at New London, from 19 July to 27 Aug. Jona. 
Spafford was in the same service to 31 Aug. Aaron Pratt and 
Rufus Smith were in the same service, in Capt. Abel Dinsmore's 
company, to 31 Aug. 

Oct. 19. The town voted, "To raise two thousand four 
hundred pounds for soldiers gone and going into the army." 

The condition of public affairs at the close of this and the 



227 

opening of the next year was gloomy and disheartening. The 
season's campaign was remarkable mainly for the feebleness of 
the American efforts and the indecision of the British. The 
latter did little in this vicinity but plunder, ravage and burn the 
defenceless towns on the seacoast. Rhode Island remained in 
the hands of the enemy and, since the failure of the French tieet, 
no effort had been made to get possession. Draft followed draft 
in rapid succession. The soldiers received their bounties in 
state bills and town notes, and their pay in Continental money, 
which at the end of their term of ser^-ice. would hardly meet the 
expenses of their outfit. If the father enlisted, his family must 
suffer or depend on the town's charity ; if the son enlisted, his 
wages would hardly sufiice to pay the state taxes. 

Perhaps the burden that weighed heaviest just then in our 
community was the depreciation of the currency, and the uncer- 
tainty and distress which it occasioned. The first emission of 
bills of credit by Congress was made in June, 1775 — the amount 
first authorized was two millions of dollars. At the expiration 
of eighteen months twenty millions had been issued. And near 
the close of 1779, nearly two hundred millions were in circula- 
tion. As their redemption depended on the ultimate result of 
the war, these bills began to depreciate at an early period. By 
the end of '77, the depreciation was two or three for one, in "78, 
it was six for one, in '79, twenty-eight for one, in 'So, sixty for 
one. An extract from Mr. Wells" account book, and some votes 
copied from the records, will best give an idea of the condition 
of things in this town. 

1779. "Whately Town Treasurer to Rufus Wells, Dr., 

To one year's salary, from March ye ist, 1779, to March ye ist, 

1780. in hard money, £']i 
To providing my fire wood, 6 

—£n 

This year the town voted me sixteen-fold in Continental 
money which, when I received it. was depreciated seventy-five 
for one. 

Balanced, and settled by a note from ye town for the depre- 
ciation of the paper currency. 

To one year's salary, from March ye ist, 17S0, to March ye ist, 

1 78 1. in hard money, £li 
To providing my fire wood, 6 

—£l9 

For this year's salary and fire wood ye town voted me the 



228 

nominal sum in state emission which, when I received it, was 
depreciated six for one in part, and three for one in part. 

Balanced and settled by a note from ye town for the depre- 
ciation of the paper currency. 

17S0, 6 Jan. The town chose a committee to settle with the 
men that went in the service to New London and those that 
went to Claverack. 

May II. Voted, "To give notes on interest to those sol- 
ditrs to whom the town is indebted." 

\'oted, "To raise a bounty of three hundred and thirty 
pounds to be paid to each soldier that shall engage in the army, 
also to give each soldier three pounds per month in silver or gold, 
to be paid at the expiration of his term of service of six months. 
Benjamin Scott, Jr., offered to get seven hundred dollars to give 
gratis to seven soldiers that should enlist." 

July 3. Voted, "To make the two Continental men that 
will enlist in the army equal to the seven before raised, which is, 
eleven hundred dollars bounty, and three pounds per month, in 
silver money." The seven men who enlisted, as above, were: 
Abel Scott, aged 29 ; Oliver Graves, 19 ; Graves Crafts. 20, who 
was one of the detail that stood sentry over Maj. Andre the 
night before he was hung ; Philo Bacon. 22 ; Salmon White, Jr., 
19 ; Amasa Edson, 16; Abijah Brown, 28. The two were Wil 
liam Giles, aged 18; Stephen Orcutt. 

July 3. Voted, "To give five hundred and fifty dollars in 
hand, and three pounds per month, in gold or silver, to soldiers 
that will enlist for three months." Paul Harvey, aged 18, Beza- 
leel Smith, 19, Elijah Smith, 18, enlisted on these terms, and 
served three months at West Point. 

August. An order was passed by the General Court, 
authorizing the selectmen of towns to purchase blankets and 
clothing for the soldiers then in the field, and the town voted to 
procure the needed supply. In response to another order of the 
Court, the towfi voted, "To raise three thousand six hundred 
pounds to provide beef for the use of the arm}-." Committee to 
purchase the beef: Lieut. Elisha Frary, Capt. Salmon White, 
Dr. Perez Chapin. 

Sept. 14. Voted, "To raise one hundred and seventj-seven 
pounds in silver mone}', to pay the soldiers that the town is in- 
debted to, for ser\'ice done or doing in the army." To whom 
this vote applies is not known, but the following Whately men, 
in addition to those already named, were in the service during 



229 

this year : Reuben Crafts and Reuben Graves, in Capt. Ebe- 
■ nezer Sheldon's company, from 23 July to 10 Oct ; John Walls, 
or Wallis, aged 17; Samuel Mclntire, 17; and Moses Crafts (all 
credited to Whately) detached for three months service, from 
Col. Israel Chapin's regiment; John Brown and Jona. Bacon, 
in Capt. Adams Bailey's company, from i Jan. 17S0. to 19 Jan., 
'81. Henry Green enlisted, but who he was and whether he 
was mustered in, does not appear. 

1 78 1. In response to the requisition of the General Court, 
for four men to enlist in the Continental army for three years, 
the town paid two hundred and ninety-three pounds, seven shil- 
lings, in silver, bounty money, as follows: 

April, to Jonathan Bacon, sixty pounds. 

May 6, to Bernice Snow, eighty-one pounds, seven shillings. 

June 14, to Stephen Keyes, sixty pounds. 

June 14, to Gerrish Keyes, sixty pounds. 

In answer to another requisition, the town voted, "To raise 
^"6 in silver money to purchase horses for the army." 

Sergt. Abel Scott Avas in service this year from 6 July to 
14 Dec. Elisha Belden was a member of Capt. John Carpenter's 
company of guards, stationed at Springfield, and was detached 
for field duty from i May to 30 Sept. In a company 01 militia. 
under command of Lieut. Col. Barnaba^) Sears, in service iroiu 
17 July to 8 Nov., were : Oliver Shattuck, captain : Abial Hard- 
ing, sergeant; Abel Bacon and Abraham Parker, privates. The 
surrender of Cornwallis, 19 October, virtually closed the war. 

Some Revolutionarv' soldiers afterwards settled in Whately. 
Among them was Josiah Gilbert who enlisted from Murrayfield. 
now Chester, at the age of 18, in Capt. Jos. McNiell's company, 
for service in Rhode Island ; was also in Capt. W'illiam Scott's 
company, of six months men, from 22 Jul}-, 1780. 

Dr. Francis Harwood, then of Windsor, went out first in his 
father's company, probably at the age of 14. He enlisted in 
Gapt. Hezekiah Green's company for service at vSaratoga, in 
1781. His father, Capt. Nathan Hanvood, was born at I'x- 
bridge, 1737 ; enlisted for service in the French war, 1756: was 
lieutenant in Capt. William Ward's company, 1777 : captain in 
command of a company that marched from Windsor to Manches- 
ter, Vt., and was out from 19 t© 31 July, 1777 ; was at Saratoga 
at the surrender of Burgoyne. Joseph Barnard is credited with 
service at "The castle," Boslon harbor, from i April to 30 
June, 1783. 



230 

When the colonies threw off the yoke of the British rule, 
they found themselves without an acknowledged central govern- 
ment and, in the emergency, the leading spirits organized them- 
selves into a "Committee of safety," and called upon the towns 
throughout the province to elect corresponding local commit- 
tees. This measure was prompted by necessity and proved a 
wise expedient. These committees were composed of the best 
and most patriotic citizens. Rut the responsibility was new, and 
neither its ad\-antages nor dangers were fully comprehended, 
and it is not strange that having been entrusted with power, 
they found it easy to magnify their office, and hard to persuade 
themselves that they could err on the side of patriotism and per- 
sonal liberty. Tlie same spirit of devotion to the countrA-'s wel- 
fare, which prompted the order to the constables by our town's 
committee, dated 4 May. 1775, ( alread}' quoted) also prompted 
other similar measures equally significant and vital in their 
character. 

And so after the failure of the expedition against Canada in 
'76, the committees of safety of thirty-eight towns in Hamp- 
shire county met in convention at Northampton, 5 Feb. r777, 
"For the purpose of taking into consideration the suffering con- 
dition of the northern army." Among other things, the con- 
vention advised the committee of supplies to forward at once 
whatever was necessary for the comfort of the army, "Not 
doubting that the General Court will approve thereof." It com- 
mended the action of the legislatur'e in setting up courts of the 
general sessions of the peace in the country, recommended to all 
innholders that they refuse to entertain persons traveling unnec- 
essarily on the Sabbath, and set forth a plan for securing uni- 
formity of prices. In a petition to the General Court, the con- 
duct of "inimical persons" in the country is severely censured — in 
that they sympathize with the British, cast reflections on the 
honorable Court, pay no regard to the committees of safety, use 
their utmost endeavors to destroy the currency of our paper 
money and to prevent the raising of new levies of men. 

The doings of this convention are thus set forth in detail for 
the purpose of showing how wide a range of subjects it acted 
upon, and the authority it claimed for the general and local 
committees of safety. The record is important also, as fore- 
shadowing the part which conventions of these committees, and 
other delegate conventions copied from them, were to play in 
succeeding years. These committees of safety became a power 



in the state, whose authority in local matters was sometimes 
greater than that of the legislature, and their action was recog- 
nized as binding bv the courts. 

The reference above made to "inimical- persons" in the 
count}' deserves notice in this connection. At the time the war 
broke out, all military and civil officers held commissions 
granted in the name of the king. This official relation, added 
to the attachment which had always been cherished for the 
mother country-, was a strong bond, especially to men who 
were by nature conservative. The men of good estate plainly 
foresaw that, in any event, their pecuniary interests must suffer 
from the war, and human nature is always sensitive under such 
a prospect. 

Men differ in methods of reasoning and in judgment as 
much as in character. One consults the past for his guide, 
another looks at the signs of the present, and another, of san- 
guine temperament, watches the promise of the future and rushes 
to meet it. Under the circumstances which existed in 1775, 
entire unanimity of thought and action on the part of the Amer- 
ican people, would have been an anomaly in the world's history. 

Actuated bv the usual varietv of motives it is not strange 
that there were persons in almost every town who, from personal 
interest, ol" through regard to the established government, or 
fear of the failure of the attempt of the colonies for independ- 
ence, stood aloof, or entered with faint hearts into the struggle. 

It is not strange that there were some who were ready to 
sell themselves to the highest bidder or who waited for some 
decisive battle before taking sides. And it is not strange that 
the ardent patriots, who had accepted the issue and had staked 
their all, should make small allowance for difference of motives 
and temperament, and reckon all who did not keep pace with 
their bold aggressive movements as inimical to the country. 

A few of our town's people were at one time suspected of 
being loyalists at heart, and the town required certain specific 
declarations, or test oaths, of them, which they all, it is believed, 
freely took. 

An incident which occurred about the middle of the war 
will show the temper of the town. A man by the name of John 
Trask came to Whately and built a hut on the river bank near 
the outlet of Hopewell brook. No one knew his business or 
intentions, and he generally kept himself aloof from society, but 
in an unguarded moment he boasted that he had helped to hang 



232 

some Yankees who were captured by the British. The next 
day. when he returned from a stroll, he found a paper nailed to 
his door, on which was written, "Death to the hangman!" He 
took the hint and left for parts unknown. 

The expenses of the war, the depreciation of the paper 
issues of money, the heavy taxation and the extent of town and 
individual debts, began, two or three years before the close of 
the war. to awaken a spirit of popular discontent in Massachu- 
setts. Everybody was behindhand. Real estate was unsalable, 
provisions and clothing were scarce and dear, the hard money 
had gone for public uses, and the paper bills had lost their 
credit. The soldiers came home poor and were urgent that the 
town should redeem its pledges, on the strength of which they 
had enlisted. Very likely the soldiers' creditors were not dis- 
posed to grant them unusual indulgence, and wait for the tardy 
action of the town. ' 

The state levied taxes, the town levied taxes and the real 
estate owners were called to bear the chief burden of this direct 
taxation. The commercial interest was the first to feel the 
pressure of the war. and the landed interest suffered less, but 
now it was reversed ; commerce began to revive at once with the 
success of our arms, but the heavy taxes, scarcit}' of help and 
high wages swallowed up all the farmer's resources.' He could 
not conceal his farm from the assessor, the taxgatherer or the 
sheriff. And this pressure upon the agricultural industry' 
accounts for the distress, disorder and opposition to state taxes, 
which showed itself in the central and western counties, and 
ripened into open resistance. Ever>'body pleaded poverty and 
put off the payment of his debts. Legal prosecutions became 
frequent and oppressive. The courts were the means relied on 
to compel settlements, and not unnaturally incurred odium, and 
became the objects of popular vengeance. 

A calm review of the situation will not find reason for sur- 
prise that disturbances arose, but the wonder is that the new 
state — crippled in its resources, loaded down with debts, weak- 
ened by conflicting interests, and with, a financial sj^stera to 
adjust, if not to devise, and a form of government to establish on 
the basis of equal rights — the wonder is that the new state sur- 
vived the perils of its birth. 

The success of the earlier conventions of the committees of 
safety indicated the most direct way of carrying out schemes for 
opposing, as well as supporting, the constituted authorities. 



233 

Conventions, "To consult upon the subject of grievances," a 
word quick to catch the popular sympathy, began to be held in 
Hampshire county as early as 1781. They were made up of del- 
egates chosen by the several towns, and thus had a semi-official 
character. For a time these delegates were men of the highest 
respectability and influence, and the meetings were moderate in 
their counsels, while firm in the determination to secure what 
they held to be their just rights. P>ut prudence and wisdom were 
not always in the ascendant. These delegate conventions degen- 
erated, and irregular conventions were held, which became the 
instruments of faction and mob rule, and culminated in the Shays 
rebellion. 

The histon,' of one of these earlier uprisings must ser^-e as a 
sample of all, and is selected because a Whately man played an 
important part in it. In April, 1782, one Samuel Ely, a 
deposed preacher, of Somers, Conn., got together a so-called 
convention at Northampton, at the time when the Supreme 
Judicial Court and the Court of Common Pleas were holding 
sessions there. For an attempt to prevent the sitting of the 
Court of Common Pleas and for disturbing the peace generally, 
Ely was arrested, and pleading guilty to the indictment against 
him, was condemned to a term of imprisonment at .Springfield. 

It seems that he was an artful demagogue — though at the 
time a favorite with a considerable-portion of the people — and. 
watching their opportunity, a band of his friends attacked the 
jail and released him. Three persons, believed to be ringleaders 
in the rescue, were arrested and committed to jail in Northamp- 
ton. These were: Capt. Abel Dinsmore, Lieut. Paul King 
and Lieut. Perez Bardwell. And it was proclaimed that they 
would be held as hostages till the body of Ely was delivered to 
the sheriff. The three arrested were military men, who had seen 
large service in the war, and the spirit of their old comrades in 
arms was aroused, and about three hundred of their friends 
assembled at Hatfield, under Capt. Reuben Dickinson as leader. 
Sheriff Porter of Hadley called out twelve hundred of the 
militia for the protection of the jail. After maturing his plans, 
Capt. Dickinson sent three messengers, 15 June, to Northamp- 
ton, with a proposition that the sheriff should send a committee 
to meet him at a place one mile from the jail, in two and a half 
hours from the deliver^' of the message. The sheriff declined 
acceding to the demand, and the next morning Captain Dickin- 
son sent the following pretty explicit note: "The demands of 



234 

our body is as follows: "That you bring the prisoners that are 
now in jail, viz. : — Capt. Dinsmore, Lieut. King and Lieut. 
Bardwell, /o>i/i7i//// . That you deli\-er up Deacon Wells' bonds 
and any other that may be given in consequence of the recent 
disturbance. The above men to be delivered on the parade, 
now in our possession, the return to be mnde in half an hour." 

For reasons which are not known, but from motives which 
were approved by the state authorities, this demand was com- 
plied with, and the three men were released on their parole of 
honor, agreeing to deliver up the body of Samuel Eh' to the 
sheriff, or in default thereof, their own bodies, on the order of 
the General Court. In after years. General Porter was greatly 
blamed for his conduct in this matter, but the General Court, 
at its session in November, emphatically endorsed it and granted 
a pardon to all concerned in the affair except Ely. It is to be 
borne in mind that this outbreak was wholly an irregular pro- 
ceeding, in which the towns, as such, were not concerned. 

In the autumn following (29 Sept., 17S2,) a meeting of the 
committees of seven of the northerly towns in the county 
was held at Deerfield, "To take into consideration the deplorable 
situation that the people of the county and the Commonwealth 
are in, and the more deplorable situation they are soon like to 
be in, b\' reason of the great scarcity of a circulating medium." 
The question was also raised of dividing the count}', or fixing 
upon Northampton as the single county seat, the courts beings 
held up to this time at Springfield and Northampton alternately. 
The latter question seemed to make a convention of the whole 
county necessary, and this meeting issued a call for delegates 
from the several towns to meet at Hatfield, on the 20th of Octo- 
ber, at the house of Seth ^Marsh. 

In response to this call, delegates from twenty-seven towns 
in the county met and discussed the matter of a county seat and 
the subject of both national and state debts, also the matter of 
the commutation of officers' pay — the half pay for life, first 
offered, having been by resolve of Congres,< commuted to a sum 
equal to five years' full pay. This body was moderate in the 
expression of opinions and judicious in its recommendations. It 
admitted the necessity of the iuV payment of all public as well 
as private debts, and urged the good people of the country, b}^ 
industry in their general callings, to acquire the means for the 
prompt payment of all taxes, etc., but at the same time inti- 
mated that in its opinion such prompt paA'ment was impossible. 



235 



at the rate then demanded by the government. Whateiy sent 
three delegates to this convention : Sahiion White, Xoah Wells 
and Benjamin Smith. 

This may be taken as a sample of the numerous delegate 
conventions held in the next two years. They were the com- 
bined efforts of the people" struggling to maintain their dearly 
bought liberties, under burdens of taxation, and the uncertain 
bearing of well-meant but crude legislation. The state debt, at 
this time, amounted to /,"i, 300.000. There was due the Massa- 
chusetts troops alone not less than ,£"250,000. The proportion 
of the Federal debt, for which this state was responsible, was 
over ,£"[,500,000. The conflict of opinion between the landed 
interest and the commercial interest, already alluded to. made 
the adjustment of impost duties and taxation extremely difficult. 

The "Tender Act," of July, 1782, passed in the interest of 
private debtors, which made neat cattle and other articles a legal 
tender, rather increased the evil it was intended to cure. By its 
ex post facto operation and its suspension of existing lawsuits, 
it complicated all questions of debt and credit. 

A convention was held at the house of widow Lucy Hub- 
bard, in Hatfield, 19 March, 1783. This town voted to send as 
delegates, Nathaniel Coleman and Joseph Nash. 

April 7, 1783. The town voted to send Noah Wells dele- 
gate to a convention to be holden at Hadley the third Wednes- 
day of the current month. 

June 9, 1783. The town chose Capt. Henry Stiles and 
Nathaniel Coleman delegates to a convention to be holden at 
Springfield on the second Wednesday of June instant. 

October 16, 1783. Chose Oliver Graves and John Smith 
delegates to a convention to meet at the inn of Col. Seth Murray, 
in Hatfield, on Monday, the 20th instant. 

It might well be supposed that in times of such excitement 
and conflicting interests, the citizens would attend in a body all 
town meetings, and take part in the election of state ofhcers. but 
it appears'to have been the reverse in Whateiy. Only a small 
minority took part in the popular elections. The following 
statistics are given, for the study of those who are curious to 
trace out political causes and effects. The number of legal vot- 
ers in town, at the time under consideration, could not have 
been less than ninety. Perhaps twenty of these were in the 
army, leaving seventy at home. At the first state election, 4 Sept. , 
17S0, the whole number of ballots cast for governor was seven- 



236 

teen. The same number of ballots was cast in '82 and '83. In 
1784, the total number was fourteen; in '85, seven; in "86, 
eight; in '87, nine; in '88, twenty-four. 

The town voted not to send a representative to the General 
Court, till 1783, when John Smith was chosen at the regular 
meeting, but afterwards the vote was reconsidered. 

The So-called Shays Rebellion. The causes that 
led up to the defiance of the laws for the collection of debts, had 
man}- justifiable reasons for the action, in part, of the people. 
Money was almost an unknown commodity among the common 
people. Taxes were heavy and the cash to pa}' them was only 
among the wealthy classes. Those holding bills, notes or 
accounts against their destitute neighbors were bringing suits 
for their collection. The tax collectors were inexorable. The 
poor men's cows were seized and sold for cash down, and I heard 
one old gentleman say that he knew of cows being sold for twenty- 
five cents each. Men who held small farms were sold out of 
house and home. They asked for a stay law, but this was de- 
nied them, and measures of relief were denied. 

Then the wrong step was taken. They broke up the courts 
and prevented in that way the immediate collection of debts. 
They formed in battle array to compel the class of greed to re- 
spect their rights. And here they failed, as they might have 
known they would. While we do not uphold them in this last 
resort, yet we can see that they had many justifiable reasons for 
their course. It would have been far better to have used ballots 
rather than bullets. 

Mr. Temple says: "The town records are nearly silent on 
the subject." This is so : A great majority of our people were 
participants in the overt acts or real sympathizers with them, 
and as a result many men left the town and state. When Mr. 
Temple says : "Probably a part of those 'warned out of town' 
in 1791 were of this class, and the town took this method to 
show its displeasure at their course." Really, he knew better 
than this, for elsewhere he says: "It was only a measure to 
prevent them from becoming in any way chargeable in the event 
of pauperism." 

One of our citizens, Jacob Walker, was killed in a skirmish 
at Bernardston, 16 Feb., 1787, by Captain Jason Parmenter. 
"He and Walker both raised their guns, took deliberate aim and 
fired simultaneously and Walker fell mortally wounded." 

The town furnished various supplies in 1787 for the commis- 



237 

sary department of the state : Sixty-six pounds of beef, seventy- 
six pounds of pork, ninety-seven pounds of bread, one bushel 
of peas and three different quantities of New England rum: 
The first, thirty-two and a half gallons ; the next, thirt}^ one 
and five-eighths gallons ; and then, thirty-six and one-fourth 
gallons; in all, one hundred and three-eights gallons of rum. 
What a commentary on the advocates of law and order. 

Three men who had fought valiantly in the Revolutionary 
army, Capt. Abel Dinsmore of Conway, Lieut. Perez Bardwell 
of Whatelv and Lieut. Paul King were selected as hostasres for 
the delivery of Elder Ely of West Springfield, who had been 
active in fomenting rebellion, and they were confined in the jail 
at Northampton, contrary to the terms agreed upon. The result 
was that a mob collected and demanded the release of the hos- 
tages. But the sheriff had collected a strong guard to prevent 
the deliver\% and men who had stood shoulder to shoulder in 
the ranks of the Revolutionary army were bound to release their 
comrades. But this ended in more talk than the use of ^un- 
powder. 

Later, three Revolutionary officers, Capt. Dickinson of 
Hatfield, Capt. Stiles of Whately, and another officer from Wil- 
liamsburg, with a two-horse sled and some straw, drove to 
Northampton and called upon the jailer to release the hostages. 
This he declined to do, when Capt. Dickinson turned to Capt. 
Stiles and ordered him to bring up a section of artillery and bat- 
ter down the prison door. He started, but just then the jailer's 
courage failed him, and he gave up the hostages and they were 
speedily conveyed to places of safety. 

Lieut. Perez Bardwell soon became an inhabitant of New- 
York state and Whately lost a valuable citizen. We had some 
abandoned farms in consequence of the farms being sold off to 
pay small debts that the owners could not raise money to pay. 
These were either added to the purchasers' farms or speedily 
turned into pastures. So we account for many abandoned 
farms. 

The Draft. As I differ widely from the statement of Mr. 
Temple I will give an account of the matter as recorded in the 
Book of Records kept by the company, which is in my posses- 
sion, going back to the May training, 3 May, 1814. 

"As the company was, commanded by Capt. Lucius Graves, 
it consisted of three commissioned officers, eight non-commis- 
sioned officers, forty-six privates, fifty-one muskets, fifty bayo- 



238 

nets, fifty cartridge boxes, fifty iron rammers, fifty scabbards 
and belts, 150 flints, forty-nine wires and brushes, thirty-nine 
knapsacks, one rifle with equipments, five men absent." 

May 19. A company training, attended at eight o'clock in 
the morning, four absent men. 

Sept. 10, 1 8 14. Agreeable to regimental orders of the 9th 
instant, the following men were detached from this company 
and ordered to march on the 12th : 

Sanderson, Elijah, Ens'n Wells, Israel 

Smith, Phineas Allis, Daniel, Jr. 

Dickinson, Giles Allis, Harris 

Gunn, Levi Smith, Ashley 

Waite, Joel, 4th Jenney, Reuben 

Leonard, William Bunce, Richard 

Crafts, Thomas Waite, Enos 

After reading the order for furnishing one ensign and eleven 
men, the captain ordered the music to march around for volun- 
teers. Sergt. I'hineas Smith and Thomas Crafts fell in as vol- 
unteers. The captain then ordered the draft to commence. 
The company was divided into nine squads and each squad was 
to furnish one man. This was done by drawing lots and the 
quota was soon filled. Some substitutes were furnished at once 
and "others later. Daniel McCoy went in place of Levi Gunn 
and Isaac Marsh went later for Thomas Crafts who was called 
home on account of the sickness and death of one of the family. 

Then politics ran pretty high. My uncle, Capt. Lucius 
Graves, was a violent Federalist while my father was always a 
Democrat and, of course, a warm supporter of James Madison. 
To show the feeling that animated partisans I will quote a co\i- 
ple of short articles from a copy of the Hampshire Gazette, the 
first, printed under date of 30 Nov., 1814, says : "On or before 
the fourth of July, if James Madison is not out of office, a new 
form of government will be in operation in the eastern section of 
the union. Instantly after, the contest in many of the states will 
be whether to adhere to the old or join the new government. 
Like every thing foretold years ago and which is verified even.-- 
day, this warning will also be ridiculed as visionary. Beit so. 
But Mr. Madison cannot complete his term of sennce if the 
war continues. It is not possible and, if he knew human nature, 
he would see it." 

Feb. 8, 1815. The Gazette had the following announce- 



^39 

ment : "Peace I Peace! ! From our heart we congratulate our 
readers that the wanton, wicked and disastrous conflict into 
which the infatuated rulers of this -ill-fated country," etc., etc. 

As a further fact, showing the partisan feeling that per- 
vaded the town and all that region, "At a meeting of the com- 
pany to choose officers 26 April, 1813, Thomas Crafts was 
chosen captain. He w-as a private, and his brother-in-law was 
lieutenant and the authorities refused to commission him, and 
in Sept., 1S13, Lieut. Lucius Graves was commissioned as cap- 
tain." My father was often called captain, but to me it seemed 
to be a misnomer. These facts are from the company records 
which I have. Then I fully understood the matter. 

The War of 1S12. This war was unpopular with the 
majority of the people in the western part of the state. Public 
sentiment in this town was about equally divided, though a ma- 
jority was on the side of the opposition. 

To secure concert of action, steps were taken, soon after the 
declaration of war, by the towns of the three river counties hav- 
ing Federal majorities, to hold a convention at Northampton, 
Delegates from ftfty-seven towns met there 14 July, 1S12. 
Phineas Frar\' was sent from Whately. 

The convention recommended the appointment of county 
and town committees of safety and correspondence, the calling 
of a state convention to be composed of four delegates from each 
county, and adopted a memorial to the President of the United 
States, and a set of twenty-one resolutions, setting forth in 
explicit terms the views of the members and their constituency. 
The fact is recited that the basis of the Federal Union, is the 
common interest of all, and that that Union is endangered by 
sectional and partial legislation. The government is charged 
with deviating from the course pursued by Washington in his 
intercourse with foreign nations, with sacrificing vital interests, 
with aggravating the wrongs received from Great Britain, and 
palliating those committed by France, with declaring an unjust 
and unnecessary war in opposition to the opinions and interests 
of a vast majority of the commercial states. It is denied that 
Congress has power to call out the militia, except "To execute 
the laws of the Union, suppress insurrections and repel inva- 
sions." 

The governor of Massachusetts, Cabel Strong, was in full 
sympathy with the views expressed by this convention, and 
declined to order out the state troops on a requisition from the 



iS40 

war department. The grave questions involved in this conflict 
between the state and the Federal authorities, and their bearing 
on the party politics of the da}', need not be recited here. As a 
consequence of Governor Strong's position, the United States 
troops were withdrawn from Massachusetts, and the entire coast 
was left exposed to hostile invasion. In this emergency, early 
in the fall of 1814, the governor called out the chartered compa- 
nies and made a requisition for troops to be drafted from the 
state militia. 

In answer to this call, the Whately Rifle Greens, under 
command of Capt. Amos Pratt, marched 15 Sept., 18 14, for a 
three months' campaign. They were stationed, most of the 
time, "On the South Boston shore opposite Fort Independence," 
and were attached to the battalion in command of Maj. William 
Ward of Worthington. The company was discharged 28 Oct. 

Muster roll of the Whately Rifle Greens, who went to Bos- 
ton, Sept., 1S14 : 



Pratt, Amos, Capt. 
Parker, Asa, Lieut. 
Graves, Pliny, Ensign 
Loomis, Jona. C, Sergt. 
Graves, Perez, Sergt. 
Woods, Martin, Sergt. 
The other not indicated. 
Reed, Simeon, drummer 
Morton, Sylvester, fifer 
Bartlett, Samuel, bugler 
Adams, Jona. S. 
Belden, Joseph 
Bodman, Theophilus 
Carley, Samuel 
Dixon, John 
Graves, William 
Graves, Rowland 
Graves, Justus 
GraveS; John 
Graves, Reuben 
Graves, Charles 
Graves, Oliver 
Gillette, Jona. A. 
Hannum, Henry 



Hannum, Spencer 
Hillman, Erastus 
Hubbard, Erastus 
Ingraham, Quartus 
Larrabee, Benjamin 
Loomis, William 
Morton, Arnold 
Morton, Calvin 
Munson, John 
Nash, Phineas 
Phelps, Edward 
Sanderson, Samuel 
Smith, Horace 
Smith, Justin 
Smith, Chester 
Smith, Robert 
Starks, Justus 
Starks, Willard 
Stearns, John 
Train, Roswell 
Taylor. Otis 
Woods, Jonathan 
Wade, Amasa, Jr. 
Warner, Luther 



241 

Four Whately men who served in the army in the war of 
18x2-16 — in the regular government troops: 

1. Aaron Waite, son of Landlord Joel Waite, enlisted for 
three years, or during the war, and served on the northern 
frontier. He died on his journey home, in 18 15, when within 
thirty or forty miles of his home, aged thirty-five years. 

2. Chester Nash was a son of Joseph. What became of 
him I do not know, but think that he returned from his service 
in the army. 

3 and 4. Michael and Alvin Smith were sons of Philip and 
Rebecca (Tower) Smith of Whately. After his return, Michael 
was drowned while working at boating at or near Warehouse 
Point, Conn., 17 May, 1S21. They enlisted at Amherst, and a 
few incidents relating to this are worthy of reciting. Michael 
was over to Amherst and, after imbibing as much flip as he 
could well carry, he became very patriotic and enlisted. As he 
failed to come home, Alvin went to see what the trouble was. 
Then he tried to have the recruiting officer give him up, but he 
objected, so to win his good graces, he asked the officer to drink 
with him. The result was, that after a series of drinks, Alvin 
also became ver\' patriotic and enlisted. In a day or two, their 
father found out that they had both enlisted and he went to 
Amherst and demanded his sons, as they were under age. The 
wily official didn't like to give them up, so to placate the wrath 
of the father, he asked him to take a friendly glass with him 
and followed it up with other friendly glasses, until the father 
also became so patriotic that he enlisted. The next day the 
officer talked over the situation and told the older Smith he 
could go home, but he must let the boys go. To this the father 
assented and he w^ent home. 

The Rebellion of 1861-1865. Of the interest taken by 
Whately in this struggle, perhaps it is sufficient to say, that the 
town promptly filled her quota under each and every call for 
troops. The number that enlisted under the call for nine 
months men was twenty-eight; the number of enlisted men and 
recruits, under the various calls tor three years men, was seven- 
ty-five ; reducing the nine months service to its equivalent in 
three years service, the total number of three years men credited 
to Whately is eighty-two. 

The men who enlisted during the first year of the war ap- 
pear to have received no bounties. Those that went out in 1862 
on the nine months service received each $100 as bounty 



242 

money, and the town paid Sioo, or $125, to most of the volun- 
teers after this date. The total sum paid by the town for en- 
listed men and recruits, under all calls, was $12,100. 

As the whole business of enlistment and drafting was under 
the exclusive control of the United States provost marshal, the 
state archives furnish no data by which the quota of the towns, 
under the severals calls, can be ascertained. And as during the 
last years of the war, recruits were obtained without regard to 
residence, and by sharp competition, it often happens that men 
are wrongly credited, hence the difficulty in getting reliable 
statistics. 

The list of soldiers, here given, is made up from the minutes 
kept by the selectmen of the town, and from the records col- 
lected by the adjutant general of the state. It is believed to be 
substantially correct. 

Nine months men from Whately who served in the 52d Reg. 
Infantry, M. Y . M. Companies D, G, H and I were mus- 
tered in II Oct., 1S62, and discharged 14 Aug., 1S63: 

Xiime. Age. Date of Enlistment. Company. 

Charles M. Elder, 24 Aug. 27, 1862 D 

Charles A. Macomber,- '19 " G 

Chester G. Crafts, Corp. 31 Sept. 8, 1S62 D 

Luther Crafts, 30 " D 

Edwin M. Belden, 1st Sergt. 31 " D 

Henry C. Belden, 24 " D 

James A. Crump, post stew'd 43 " I 

Stephen R. Harvey, 37 " D 

Edward E. Smith, 24 " D 

William F. Rhoads, 37 " D 

Bela K. Crafts, 20 " D 

Asa A. Smith. Sergt. 29 Sept., 1862 D 

Sumner W. Crafts, 21 " D 

William D. Adams, 29 " I 

Josiah H. Potter, 22 " I 

Charles B. Newton, 18 " D 

Ira N. Guillow, 20 " I 

John N. Miner, 23 " D 

Albert S. Fox, 25 " D , 

Elbridge G. Smith, 22 " D 

Samuel S. Smith, 39 " D 

Lorenzo Z. Payne, 19 " D 

Died Baton Rouge, La.. Jan. 20, 1763. 

William A. Pearson, 24 Sept. 17, 1862 I 

Joseph L. Longly, 38 muster'dOct. 11, 1862 D 

Henry Lj'man, 27 " D 

Died Baton R(^uge, La., May 2, 1863. 

George M. Crafts, Corp. 27 " ' H 

Francis G. Bardwell, 20 " I 



243 

John Brown, aged 42, enlisted Sept., 1S62, in Co. H, Eighth 
Regiment Infantry. 

Three years men who served in Co. C, 27th Reg. M. V.: 

Irving B. Crafts. iS, enl. 24 Sept., '6r, dis. 31 Mar., 63, 'sickness. 

\Vm. McCoy, 30. enl. 23 Aug., '61, dis. 30 May, '63, sickness. 

Arthur A. Waite. 20, enl. 15 Mar., '62, d. Portsmouth, N. C, 
27 Jan., '63. 

Bartholomew O'Connell, 19, enl. iS Sept., '61, prom, to rst 
Sergt., 12 June, '63, discharged to re-enlist 23 Dec, '63. 

Bartholomew O'Connell, 21, re-enl. 24 Dec, '63, killed Kings- 
ton, N. C, 8 Mar., "65, was in command of his company 
when killed. 

Patrick Murphy, 30, enl. 24 Sept., '61, dis. 30 Aug., '63, disa- 
bility. 

Patrick Murphy, 32, re-enl. i Dec, '63, died Andersonville, Ga., 
16 Mar., '65. 

Andrew M. Wetherell, 22, enl. 24 Sept., '61, died Anderson- 
ville, Ga., 20 Aug. 

Three years men who served in the 21st Reg. Inf. M. V.: 

Charles R. Crafts, 2r, enl. 23 Aug., '61, in Company G, dis- 
charged I Jan., '64, expiration of service. 

Charles R. Crafts, 24, re-enl. 2 Jan., '64. in Company G, dis- 
charged 12 Aug., '64, disability. 

James L. Waite, 21, enl. 12 Mar., '62, in Co. I, deserted. 

John Huxley, 24, enl. 3 Mar., '62, in Co. I, dis. 15 Mar., '64. 

John Huxley, 26, re-enl. 15 Mar., '64, in Co. I, transf. to 36th 
Reg., transf. to 56th Reg., dis. 12 July, '65, expiration of 
ser\'ice. 

David Amell, 18, enl, 7 Mar., '62, in Co. F, d. 23 Aug., "62. 
' James Lyndon, 19, enl. 26 Feb., '64, in Co. I, transf. to 36th 
Reg., tran.sf. to 56th Reg., dis. 12 July, '65, expiration of 
service. 

Three years men who served in the 37th Reg. Inf. M. V.: 

Chauncey Waite, 33, enl. 21 July, '62, Co. F, died of wounds. 
Wilderness, Va., 27 June, '64. 

Charles S. Bardwell, Sergt., 26, enl. 22 July, '62, Co. F, prom. 
2d Lieut. 20 June, '63, rst Lieut. 15 May, '64, acting Capt., 
Sept., '64, died at Winchester, W. Va., 6 Oct., '64, of 
wounds received in battle 19 Sept. 

Stephen G. Stearns. 21, enl. 22 July, '62, Co. F, dis. 21 June. 
'65, expiration of service. 

Nehemiah J..Tilden, 42, enl. 22 July, '62, Co. K, died at White 
Oak Swamp, Va., 28 Dec, '62. 

Henry Amell, 23, enl. 22 July, '62, Co. F, dis. 21 June, '65, ex- 
piration of service. 

Luther G. Steams, 28, enl. 22 July, '62, Co. F, dis. 21 June, 
'65, expiration of service. 



244 

Samuel E. Sanderson. iS, enl. 22 July, '62, Co. F, dis. 21 June, 

'65, expiration of service. 
Ernest A. Allis, 19, enl. 22 July, '62, Co. F, dis. 10 Mar., '63, 

sickness. 
John F. Pease, 21, enl. 21 July, '62, Co. F, dis. 21 June, '65, 

expiration of service. 
Edgar W. Field, 18, enl. 21 Juh', '62, Co. F, died Anderson- 

ville, 15 Aug., '64. 
Edward E. Sanderson, 24, enl. 21 July, '62, Co. F, dis. 9 

June, '65. 
Orange Bardwell, 19, enl. 23 July, '62, Co. F, killed, battle of 

the Wilderness, \'a., 6 ^lay, '64. 
Austin A. Waite, 19, enl. 23 July, '62, Co. F, dis. 21 June, '65, 

expiration of ser\'ice. 
Frederick A. Farley, Sergt., 30, enl. i Aug., '62, Co. F, prom. 

2d Lieut., 21 May, '65, dis. i July, '65. 
Robert Brown, 18, enl, 10 Nov., '63, Co. F, transf. to 2otb Reg. 

Inf., 21 June, '65, dis. 28 July, '65. 
Charles H. Walker, 18, mustered 23 Nov., '63, Co. H, dis. 2 

May, '65, disability. 
Henry M. Wood, 20, mustered 9 Oct., '64, unassigned, dis. 28, 

Aug., '65, expiration of ser\nce. x 

Three years men who served in the loth Reg. Inf. M. V. : 

William A. P. Foster, 24. enl. 17 Aug., '61, Co. C, transf. to 
37th Reg., dis. 31 Aug., "64, expiration of service. 

Dwight Morton, 33, enl. 13 July, '63, Co. C. 

Frank D. Bardwell, 20, enl. 28 Aug., '62, Co. H, dis. i July, 
'64, expiration of ser\-ice. Had arm shattered in first day's 
fight in the Wilderness, Virginia. 

Three 3'ears men who served in the 17th Reg. Inf. M. V.: 

Henry R. Sanderson, 21, enl. 11 April, '62, Co. G, dis. 5 Sept., 

'62, disability. 
Wm. T. Parks, Sergt., 26, mustered 17 Nov., '64, Co. D, dis. 

22 July, '65. 

Three years men who served as indicated : 

Sylvester R. Walker, 40, enl. 20 Nov., '61, Co. C, 31st Reg. 

Inf., dis. 31 Aug., '63, disability. 
Henry R. Sanderson, Corp.. re-enl. 18 Feb., '64, Co. C, 57th 

Reg. Inf., dis. 3 Dec, '64, disability. 
Henr}- D. Smith, 21, enl. 8 Aug., '62, Co. G, ist Mass. Cavalry, 

dis. 31 Oct., '64, expiration of service. 
William A. Pearson, enl. 12 Nov., '63, Co. C, ist Mass. Heavy 

Art., transf. to Navy, 28 April, '64. 
Foster Meekins, Sergt., 31, enl. 22 Jan., '62, Co. F, 34th Reg. 

Inf., dis. 16 June, '65, expiration of service. 
Dwight L. Dickinson, 19, enl. 31 July, '62, Co. G, 34th Reg. 

Inf., dis. 16 June, '65, expiration of service. 



-45 

Alonzo J. Hale, 26, enl. 4 Jan., "64, 5th Battery Light Art., dis. 

12 June, '65. expiration of service. 
Samuel S. Smith, 40, re-enl. 25 June, "64, Co. E, 57th Reg. Int.. 

dis. 30 July, '65, expiration of service. 
John Brown, 43, re-enl. 25 Jan., '64, Co. E, 57th Reg. Inf., d. 

Andersonville, Ga., 12 Oct., '64. 
Franklin E. Weston, 21, enl. 22 Nov., '6r, Co. B, 31st Reg. 

Inf., dis. 22 Nov., '64. expiration of sen'ice. 
William R. Waite. 24, enl. 5 Jan., '64, Co. B, 32d Reg. Inf., 

killed. Petersburg, \'a., 18 June, '64. 

Three j-ears men, recruits credited to Whately, whose place of 
birth and residence are unknown : 

James Barrett, 38, enl. 21 July '64, 2Sth Reg. Inf. M. V. 
Alfred Micollete, 21, enl. 21 July, '64, 28th Reg Inf. M. \'. 
William Whiting, 21. enl. 8 Oct., '64, Co. B, 55th Reg. Inf. M. 

\'., dis. 29 Aug.. '65. expiration of service. 
John Doherty, 42, enl. 12 Jan., '64, Co. E, 56th Reg. Inf. M. 

v., died at Boston, lo Feb., '64. 
James Anderson, 21, enl. 25 Feb., '64, Co. K. 56th Reg. Inf. 'Si. 

v.. dis. 4 Sept., '65, disability. 
Charles W. Ellis, 19, enl. 25 Feb., '64, Co. K. 56th Reg. Inf. 

M. v., dis. 16 June. '65. 
Jacob Nelson, 24, enl. 25 Feb., '64, Co. K, 56th Reg. Inf. M. 

\'., dis. 15 June. '65. 
William Tassell, 24. enl. 25 Feb., '64. Co. K, 56th Reg. Inf. M. 

\'., deserted 20 April, '64. 
Joseph Perro. 23, enl. 10 Feb., '64, Co. I, 57th Reg. Inf. M. \'., 

dis. 30 July, '65, expiration of service. 
John Ryan, 28,' enl. 30 Nov., '64, Co. D, 24th Reg. Inf. M. \'., 

dis. 20 Jan., '66, expiration of service. 
David Sheilds. 18, enl. 3 June, "64, Co. I, 19th Reg. Inf. M. \'., 

dis. 30 June, '65, expiration of service. 
James Prince, 19, enl. 30 June, '64, Co. G, 20th Reg. Inf. M. 

v., dis. 12 June, '65. 
Thomas Doody, 20, enl. 30 June, '64, Co. I, 20th Reg. Inf. M. 

v., died of wounds, i Oct., '64. 
Lewis Rushey, 20, enl. 13 July, '64, Co. K. 20th Reg. Inf. M. 

\'., dis. 28 July, '65, expiration of service. 
Charles Williams, 25, enl. 31 Oct., '64, 15th Battery IJght Art., 

deserted i Jan., '65. 
Charles Toomey. 3U enl. 26 Aug., '64, Co. B, 2d Reg. Heavy 

Art., dis. 26 June, '65, expiration of service. 
George Shannon, 19, enl. 30 Dec, '63, Co. D, 2d Reg. Cavalry, 

deserted 23 Feb., "65. 
Julius Schneider, 23, enl. 2 Jan., '64, 2d Reg. Cavalr\'. 
Anton Braun, 2)3, enl. 19 Feb., '64, 3d Reg. Cavaln.-, deserted 

May, '64. 
Richard F. Stanton, 25, enl. 29 Jan., '64, Co. B, 5th Reg. Cav- 
alry, dis. 31 Oct., '65, expiration of ser\'ice. 



246 

John Stewart, 26, enl. 29 Jan., '64, Co. B, 5th Reg. Cavalry, 

deserted 20 Maj', '64. 
Frank Strothers, 24, enl. 24 Feb.. '64, Co. F, 5th Reg. Cavalry, 

dis. 31 Oct., '65, expiration of ser\nce. 
Robert Robinson, 25, enl. 20 Oct., '64, 5th Reg. Cavalry. 
John Choiswell, 41, enl. 25 Oct., '64. Veteran Reserve Corps. 
James B. Kennedy, 20, enl. 31 Oct., '64, Veteran Reser\'e Corps. 
Charles Robinson, 20, enl. 21 Oct., '64, \'eteran Reserve Corps. 
Thomas McDonald, 22, enl. 14 June, '64, 27th Reg. Inf. M. V. 

Names of Whately men who were in service as indicated. 
Most of them enlisted from other states, but they deserve a 
place in our annals : 

Moses W. Jewett, enl. for three years. 20 Aug.. '61, in Co. B, 
6th Conn. Vol., transf. 22 Feb.. '63, to Co. D, ist U. S. 
Art. ; re-enl. for three years, 4 Feb., '64, dis. 4 Feb., '67, 
expiration of service. Was in twenty-five engagements, be- 
ginning at Hilton Head, S. C, and ending q April. '65, 
with the surrender of Gen. Lee. 

Henr}' A. Brown, Sergt., 24, enl. for three years from Northamp- 
ton. 21 June, '61, in Co. C, loth Mass. Reg. Inf., prom. 2d 
Lieut., 29 Sept., '62. 

Frederick R. Brown. 30, enl. for three years from Boston, 3 
Nov., "63, in Co. G, 12th Mass. Reg. Inf., died Culpepper, 
Va,, 17 Jan., '64. 

Francis C. Brown, enl. from Rockford, Winnebago Co., 111., in 
Co. G, 74th 111. Reg. Inf. 

James E. Brown, enl. in Co. C, 93d Reg. Ohio Inf., sei^ved three 
years. Was taken prisoner, escaped, was re-taken, and 
held eighteen months at Andersonville, Ga., and Florence. 

Henry A. Dickinson, 21, enl. for nine months from Hatfield, 
II Oct., '62, in Co. K, 52d Reg. Mass. Inf., died Baton 
Rouge, La., 22 March, '63. 

Oscar F. Doane, 23, enl. for two years, 21 May, '61, from 
Gaines, N. Y., Co. H, 27th Reg. N. Y. Vols., dis. 31 May, 
'62, re-enl. for three years, 14 Dec, '63, Co. C, 8th Reg. 
N. y. Heavy Art., killed on the picket line in front of 
Petersburg, Va., 22 Nov., '64. 

Lucius AUis, 21, enl. for three years, 23 Feb., '65, from Marl- 
boro, in Co. C, 31st Reg. Mass. Inf., died, Mobile, Ala., 23 
June. '65. 

Dwight W. Bardwell, 21, enl. for three years from Deerfield, 8 
Oct., '63, Co. F, 2d Reg. Mass. Heaw Art., died 7 Dec, 
'64, Newbern, N. C. 

Wells Clark, 18, enl. for three years, from Hatfield, 26 Dec, 
'6r, in Co. G, 31st Reg. Inf. M. V., re-enl. 17 Feb., '64, 
died of wounds, 23 May, '64, New Orleans, La. 

Alvah S. Frary, 18, enl. '62, died 23 July, '63, at Vicksburg. 

A list of recuits, mostly colored men, to fill our quota at Boston : 



HI 



Henry R. Egtion, 
Duncan R. Morrill, 
James Stanton, 
Alexander Ross, 
William Hill. 
Ambrose McKenna, 
William M. Shaw, 
Edward Coburn, 
James Gorman. 
John Stewart, 
William Hill. 
Alexander McDonald. 



6th Reg., 



colored. 



5th Cavalr\'. 
I St Battery Heavy Artillery. 

59th Reg.' 



These men cost the town from $125 to $175 each, the latter 
sum being paid for the larger proportion of them; and nine 
other men. previously mentioned, enlisted on the same terms. 



CHAPTER XIII. 

LOCAL INDUSTRIES. 

The ineclianical industries of every locality are always im- 
proved where suitable facilities are furnished for water power. 
This seems to be the most natural and easily acquired source 
for the encouragement of mechanical work of all kinds, and our 
early settlers seemed to fully appreciate the advantages to them 
of the proper improvement of the town by utilizing the several 
privileges afforded for the erection of mills on the West brook. 

This stream rises in Conway and enters Whately at its ex- 
treme northwestern limit and runs through the western part of 
the town in a southeasterly direction until it falls into the Capa- 
wong, or jSIill river, some fifty rods east of Chestnut Plain 
street. In this distance, of some over three and a half miles, it 
falls nearly, or quite, 350 feet, and in this distance fourteen 
privileges have been improved first and last, while other oppor- 
tunities exist that have never been improved. Those that have 
been used are said to average seventeen feet fall. The largest 
fall is at the one we designate as No. 13, where a forty feet fall 
is obtained, and if this was conveyed by a conduit pipe to the 
level, a fall of 125 feet, at least, could be obtained. 

This stream is formed by the union of Aver}- brook, the 
western branch, and Sinkpot brook, the eastern branch, a half 
mile or so in Conway and from there it takes the name of West 
brook. Into it flow a number of smaller brooks and man^^ 
small runs furnished by springs. The largest of these brooks 
has long been known as Harve^^'s brook. This rises in Wil- 
liamsburg and is of such magnitude as to afford considerable 



249 

water power. Mr. Harvey used it for years in his mill, or shop, 
where he carried on quite a business. Other brooks come in 
from Williamsburg way, while on the north side we have Todd's 
brook and Poplar Hill brook, both rising in Conway and flow- 
ing southerly unite with West brook. On Poplar Hill brook 
old Mr. Moses Munson and his son, Joel Munson, built a mill, 
or shop, where they manufactured cider mill machinery of wood, 
consisting of the needed screws and beam for pressing and the 
nuts for grinding the apples, and many other articles, as cheese 
presses, chairs, coffins, etc. The hills bordering the West 
brook, which form its water shed, are somewhat steep and this 
causes, in times of heavy rains, sudden rises or the water and 
sometimes damage. 

Beginning up the stream, the following is the list of the 
several privileges that have been occupied and, as near as may 
be, the dates when first occupied and the purpose, or use, con- 
templated and, as far as we can, the subsequent owners. The 
numbers prefixed are arbitrary and are used for the sake of con- 
venience in referring to them : 

No. I. A sawmill was built by Dexter Morton, south from 
the house of Rufus D. Waite some fifty rods, on the Dry Hill road, 
about 1S30. At'ter the death of Mr. ^Morton, the farm was sold 
off in sections and the mill property was purchased by Elliot A. 
Warner. 

No. 2.^ On the West brook, Reuben Jenney and his son, 
Reuben, Jr., bought 26 May, 1S16, this privilege where had 
long been carried on the blacksmith business, with a trip ham- 
mer attachment, by James Cutter, but who built it I do not 
know. For many years Elisha A. Jenney, son of Reuben, Jr., 
has used it for wood turning. 

No. 3. This is not on West brook, but a tributary- of West 
brook that comes down from Williamsburg, often called Har- 
vey's brook. On this Elihu Harvey built a large shop that had 
been used for various purposes, for the manufacture of broom 
handles, brush handles and a variety of wood turning, garden 
rakes, saw-sets, etc. Then for a husk mill and, after the death 
of the Han'ey family, Lieut. Oscar W. Grant bought and used 
it as a repair shop. It was burned in 1883. 

No. 4. A mill was built on the Harvey brook, near the 
house of Elisha A. Jenney, but then owned by Ashley 
Smith. Here, about 182S or '29, Hiram Smith carried 
on the manufacture of many implements of iron and steel ma- 



250 

chinist tools, etc. This was afterwards used by Thomas Nash 
to manufacture satinet cloth. It was burned about 1850 and 
never rebuilt. 

No. 5. This was occupied long before Jonathan Waite owned 
it. Who built it I do not know, but Nathaniel Moore and his 
son, John, manufactured spinning wheels and many other arti- 
cles here as early as 1792. As Capt. Seth Bardwell's mother 
was a daughter of Nathaniel Moore, and as Capt. Bardwell well 
knew of his grandfather's ownership, he must have written up 
these industries for Mr. Temple. The Moores sold out to Pliny 
Merrick, the clothier, 22 Jan., 1795, also a house known as the 
Elijah Sanderson house. In 1823, Capt. Seth Bardwell bought 
it and carried on cloth dressing until 1829, when he commenced 
manufacturing woolen cloth, with power looms, starting with 
four. He sold, in 1S33, to the Nashes. It has long been owned 
by Sumner Smith and his heirs, and used for the manufacture 
of cabinet ware and cane. On the south side of the brook, at 
No. 5, Nathan Starks had a blacksmith shop, with a power 
trip hammer, after him James Cutter, then Solomon Graves and 
another, whose name I don't recall. Elijah Sanderson had 
wood turning, making wagon hubs, broom handles, and doing 
a general wheelwright business. Nathan Starks probably occu- 
pied his blacksmith shop here as early as 1784, or earlier. He 
removed to Williamsburg about 18 16. 

No. 6. A sawmill was built about 1765 by Edward Brown 
and sons. About 1792, Lieut. Noah Bardwell, Asa Sanderson 
and Moses Munson, Jr., bought the property and run it for the 
sawung of lumber. Later Rufus Sanderson owned it, then 
Luther Sanderson, then Charles E. Bardwell and now, I think, 
Arthur A. Atkins is operating it. 

>ro. 7. Moses Munson, Jr.. built a gristmill here as early 
as 1784, and had a shop in which he manufactured a variety of 
wooden implements such as vises, cheese presses, chaise springs 
and other materials. In 1806, Dea. James Smith bought the 
property, and the gristmill was run until about 1830. An addi- 
tion was built and the power was used in the manufacture of 
bits, gimlets and similar goods, for about ten years, employing 
ten or twelve hands. Since then his son, J. R. Smith, has put 
in a planing machine and used the plant for general jobbing 
work. In 1875, Asa T. Sanderson bought the property and C. 
A. Covin manufactured basket rims and, while thus occupied, 
the old mill was burned. 



251 

i^o. S. About twenty or twenty-five rods down the stream, 
Capt. Amos Pratt built a clothier's shop before rSoo. The ma- 
chinery was moved, about 1S29, up to No. 5. Since then the 
power has not been used. It has always been claimed that the 
first wool carding and rolls in town were made at this place. 
This was a great improvement, as. ever\- housewife spun her 
yarn for all her household wants. The statement that it was 
moved to No. 5, I have some doubts about, as I well recollect that 
when Justin R. Smith was married, he lived from 1S31 to about 
1837 in that old mill, altered into a house. It is probable that 
Capt. Seth Bardwell bought and moved the machinery to Xo. 5. 
It seems as though the building was wrecked at the time of a 
great freshet and then pulled down. 

No. 9. Luther Warner, an uncle of Elliot A., built a mill, 
in 1824, on the line of the new road built up the brook. He 
probably built his house and mill about 1S27. The mill was 
used for several years for the manufacture of carpenters' bits 
and augers. Then it passed into the hands of Samuel B. White. 
In J 849, George C. Holden hired the mill of Mr. White and 
made woolen yarn and satinet cloth, and then Davis Graves, a 
great-grandson of Dea. Nathan Graves, rented the property and 
made woolen cloth. It is now owned by Charles A. Covill, 
who runs a sawmill and makes rims for a Northampton basket 
factor\-. 

N'o. 10. In 1S33, Capt. Seth Bardwell, in company with 
Levi Bush, Jr., and David Wells, built a woolen mill on this 
privilege. It had ten looms. This was burned in 1S39, and 
Capt. Bardwell rebuilt the factory and run twenty looms. This 
fell into the hands of Henry L. James, who operated it until it 
was burned in March, 1872, and has never been rebuilt. 

No. II. Lieut. Noah Bardwell built an oil mill, about 
1780, which was used for this purpose until about 1805, when a 
flax dressing machine was put in. Aside from this, some iron 
casting was done here, probably by Charles Bardwell, a son of 
Lieut. Noah Bardwell, before his removal to Stafford, Conn. 
A new building, owned by Capt. Seth Bardwell, was built near 
the site of the oil mill and rented to a firm for making fine cut 
tobacco. They used Kentucky tobacco. Then Capt. Bardwell 
made wool yarn, and then fitted it up to make files and to cut 
over old ones. It was burned in 1877. 

No. 12. Kiram Smith first occupied this privilege about 
1848, where he had lathes for wood turning, then later it was 



252 

used as a husk mill. It lias been used as a cider mill, and now 
as a o^ristmill b\- Harvev Moore and son. 

No. 13. This is the best privilege on the brook, having a 
fall of about forty feet. A sawmill and gristmill were built here 
by Reuben Belden of Hatfield, as early as 1767. After his de- 
cease, in 1776, these mills passed into the hands of his cousin, 
Samuel Belden. About 1792, a company was formed, of which 
Col. Josiah Allis was the head man, and they bought of Samuel 
Belden the mills. At that time the general government was 
looking for a place to build an armor\- for the manufacture of 
firearms and, for a time, it was thought to be a sure thing that 
this privilege would be purchased, but Springfield was finally 
taken. Col. Allis died in April, 1794. The propert}' was sold, 
about 179S, to Isaac Frary and it is thought that he run the 
mills awhile before he purchased. They have since been owned 
by Maj. \Vm. Hale, Dea. David Saunders, Foster Y. Warner, 
then by Charles and P. M. Wells and now by Dea. Samuel 
Wilder and son. The mills were wrecked by a freshet about 

1875. 

No. 14. This is the • site of a gristmill built by Charles 
Wells and Justin Waite. Mr. Waite sold out his share to P. 
M. Wells and the "Wells brothers carried on an extensive busi- 
ness of from $20,000*10 over $30,000 per year. Wells brothers 
sold to Dea. Samuel Wilder and son about 1SS5. 

No. i^. This site has had a great number of owners and 
many kinds of business has been carried on here. Stephen 
Orcutt had a clothier's shop here about 1805. Then Hannum 

& Taylor had a shop for cloth dressing and wool carding, in 
1810. Mr. Fairman was in the same business from 1820 to '26. 
Mr. Cowan continued the business and was here for several 
years. In 1832, a new factory- was built and used as a pocket 
comb factor^'. This was commenced by Col. R. B. Harwood, 
Wright Boyden and Josiah Allis. After a few years they sold 
out and it was used for the manufacture of woolen goods by Buf- 
fum & Harding, and afterwards owned by Justin Brown, a Mr. 
Sykes and Justus Starks. It was burned about 1840. It was 
afterwards bought by Justin Waite, who built the present plan- 
ing mill. He was succeeded by his son, Frank J. Waite, and 
it is now owned by Luman S. Crafts who runs a planing mill, a 
general repair shop and builds new wagons and sleds, with 
needed blacksmith work, and makes about 1500 to 2000 barrels 
of cider a year. 



253 

No. i6. This was the place used by Reuben Belden of 
Hatfield for his iron works, and it stood about where Charles 
Potter's barn was built. This was quite a large establishment. 
He not only used iron ore and smelted it here, but did a large 
and profitable business by pounding scrap iron into bar iron. 
When he died, in 1776, the iron works were appraised at ^240, 
while his gristmill and sawmill, on No. 13, were inventoried at 
^102. "In 1789, the town laid a road beginning at Hatfield 
line at West brook bridge, running north from said bridge one 
rod, then west two and one-half degrees, north fifteen rods, then 
west thirty-one degrees, north seven rods to the northeast cor- 
ner of the mill, then north five rods to the top of the hill for the 
convenient turning of teams." The mill here alluded to was 
the building used for grinding the grain used for making rye 
gin. This was carried-on for some years by a company formed 
for that purpose, consisting of Gen. Seth Murray, Gen. Dickin- 
son, Seth Bardwell, Samuel Belden, Aaron Dickinson and one 
other. They sent to Providence, R. I., and obtained a compe- 
tent foreman, Mr. Abial Harding, formerly of Whately, for 
that purpose. This was said to be the first gin distillery 
in Massachusetts. It was here that Abial Harding's son, Ches- 
ter Harding, commenced sketching the profiles of parties bring- 
ing loads of rye, upon the sides of the mill. He was, in after 
years, a renowned portrait painter. I have heard my father, 
who was intimately acquainted with Mr. Harding, speak of 
theseoffhand portraits, drawn on the rough boards of the mill, 
as being neatly done. 

After these industries had been given up, Stephen Orcutt 
carried on a pottery on the same premises, grinding his clay by 
water power. The water was brought several rods in board 
troughs about fifteen inches wide and deep, and elevated ten or 
twelve feet on trusses. The.se were in use as late as 1830 by 
the Waites, who succeeded Orcutt. 

Isaac Frary's bark mill was what we used to call the lower 
mill on No. 13 that could only run while the upper mill was in 
use, as it used over the water that ran the upper mill. It was 
built for grinding bark for the tanneries. William Wing at one 
time ran Orcutt's clothier's or carding mill on shares. 

Hopewell brook. The only valuable privilege on this 
brook, or combination of streams flowing from springs all along 
under Hopewell Hill , was the site of the Belden mill . A bout 100 
years ago, in 1798, Joshua Belden started in a rude way a saw- 



254 

mill. This was not used many years. In 1850, Charles D. 
Stockbridge started here a factory for making paste blacking 
and also, at a later time, a factory for making stockings and 
employed at least ten or fifteen girls, perhaps more. After this, 
Elihu Belden used this factory for the preparation of colors for 
fresco painting, and had ovens for baking the umber and sienna, 
as this changed the colors. 

Roaring brook. Saw and gristmills were early built on this 
stream by Adonijah Taylor. George Sheldon says, "before 
1766." This was a great accommodation to those living in the 
north part of Whately which, when those were built, was in 
Deerfield. There was at first a gristmill some ways up the 
stream, while the sawmill was near his house, and now the saw 
and gristmill are contiguous, near the house of George E. San- 
derson. Eli Sanderson had a cloth dressing and wool carding 
shop still further down the stream. 

Poplar Hill brook. Joel Munson, usually called "Silver 
Joel," to designate him from Joel, the son of Reuben, built on 
this brook a .shop in which he and his father worked a portion 
of their time, in making cider mill screws of wood, and also the 
blocks, or nuts, that crushed the apples. These screws were 
about four and a half feet long, and six or eight inches in diam- 
eter. Also the beams, some eighteen to twenty inches or more 
square, made of hard maple. They also made coffins and many 
other things, as plows, ox yokes, etc., etc. 

Tanneries were generally built where there was a small 
stream or brook. Paul Belden, before the organization of the 
town, had built on the road leading from Samuel Wells' house 
to the Baptist meeting-house, a tannery, and used it until 
his removal, about 1795, to Brookfield, Vt. After he left, I 
think George Rogers used it. Dea. Thomas Sanderson built a 
tannery on the east side of Canterbury road, and also carried 
on an extensive shoemaking business during the Revolutionary 
war, or until his removal to Indian Hill in 1803. He was suc- 
ceeded by his son, Maj. Thomas, and he by his son, John 
Sanderson. Solomon Atkins, Jr., built a tannery on Gutter 
Hill brook, just west of the bridge, and used it many 
years. He was succeeded by Stalham Allis, both in the 
tannery and shoe business, and Mr. Allis was followed by 
Dexter Frary, who carried on the business on a larger scale 
than his'predecessors. Asa Sanderson was a tanner and. shoe- 
maker and, as he bought the Noah Field property in 1783, he 



255 

probably started a tannen,' soon after his removal to the west 
part. I well recollect his tanyard and shoe shop as early as 
1825. Graves Crafts had a small tannerv- in connection with his 
shoeraaking business. Capt. Eleazer Fran,- carried on a tannery 
nearwherehe built the house now owned by Lincoln B. San- 
derson. Phineas Graves lived where C. R. Chaffee does now 
and was a tanner and shoemaker, his tannery being west of Mr. 
Chaffee's barn. Stephen Orcutt was a tanner and shoemaker 
and was always doing something at it, but not as a regular 
business. 

Blacksmiths. John Lamson, in 1773 or '74, had a shop 
near the Samuel Lesure place and continued it until 1791. 
About the same time a blacksmith shop was built at the Straits, 
but by whom occupied I have never learned. Jehu Dickinson 
built, near his house, a large shop and here his son, Eurotus, 
David Graves and several others learned the trade, about 179S 
to 1803. He started in business as early as 1782. David Cook 
had a shop, I think in the Straits about 1792, and was in town 
about four \'ears. Oliver Morton, Jr., built a nice, commodious 
shop near his house in 179S. Among his apprentices was Levi 
Gunn, who removed to Conway. The Morton shop has had 
many occupants, the most prominent being Leander Clark and 
Horace B. Fox, the latter carrying on the business there a good 
many years. Isaac Chapman had a shop near his residence on 
the Easter road. Roswell Train had a shop near his house on 
Poplar Hill road, about 1807. James Cutter, in 1804, probably 
succeeded Nathan Starks, who had a blacksmith shop at (the 
city) West Whately, with trip hammer, and used the West 
brook for his power. This shop was bought by Reuben Jenney 
Jr., Mr. Cutter selling to him and removing to Hatfield, about 
1818 or '20. Israel Scott, who was born in 1766 and lived on 
the Capt. Fay place, had his shop near his house, between that 
and the house of Benjamin Cooley. Justin Smith had a shop in 
the Straits. S. W. Fox run a shop at the Straits some years ; 
Michael Kenned}', several years. At Claverick, Chester Wells 
opened a shop south of Perez Wells' house, about 1S03, and 
Benjamin Larrabee continued it until after 18 16. Mr. Wells 
removed to Chestnut Plain street, bought the William Cahill 
place and carried on an extensive business with Leander Clark, 
his brother-in-law. Later a syndicate of citizens built a 
shop, in the rear of the Town house, which has been 



25^ 

run by several different parties, among them we will 
name Henry D. Smith, son of Col. Oliver, who, after his 
service in the ami}-, came here and occupied that shop. Herbert 
L. Bates succeeded him, and later Fred L. Graves. Arthur L. 
Atkins opened a shop in Christian Lane, and later H. L. Bates 
run it for several years. Now owned by Fred L. Graves. This 
does not include all of the trade, as it is well known that S. W. 
Fox had a shop on Lover's Lane. Several of the Barnards were 
blacksmiths, as was probably Luther Warner. 

Hatters. A hatter named Amasa Smith, came to 
Whately not far from 1785 and worked at his trade here six or 
seven years. In 1799, Benjamin and Joseph Mather had a shop 
at the southeast corner of the C. R. Chaffee lot, on Chestnut 
Plain street. Joel, Benjamin and Osee Munson had a shop 
south of the southwest schoolhouse as long ago as I can remem- 
ber. It was an old building and has been gone more than sixty 
years. It was a two-story building and, if I recollect aright, 
was painted red. Jerry Allis learned his trade there about 1798 
to 1-803. Then it was common to carry all the furs to this shop 
and they made the hats on shares or bought the furs, as one 
chose. 

Brick Making. In 1778, the town voted, "That John 
Locke have liberty to make brick in the road near the house of 
Capt. Henry Stiles." Daniel Morton and Lewis Stiles carried 
on the business from 1782 to about 1795, and then Daniel Mor- 
ton and Capt. Henr>' Stiles were in company in 1799. After 
this Daniel Morton continued the business until 1827. Thomas 
Crafts and John White made brick together and built two 
schoolhouses of brick in i8ro, one for each of the center dis- 
tricts. Justus Crafts and Chester Wells were probably in com- 
pany with Capt. Luke Wells, on Capt. Wells' land, near Mill 
swamp. Oliver Dickinson made biick on the West side of 
Chestnut Plain road, below the Whites, for several years. 
About 1832, Levi Bush, Jr., made brick on the south side of the 
crossroad, I think, about two years, each year a kiln of about 
200,000. His foreman was Jehiel Barber. Since then a smaller 
quantity has been made at the Drain Tile works on James M. 
Crafts' place, east of the Connecticut River road. 

Pottery Ware. In 1797, Stephen Orcutt commenced the 
manufacture of common brown earthenware. Prior to his com- 



• 257 

« 

mencing this business Jonathan Pierce had a shop just south of 
the line in Hatfield, Orcutt built the place since known as the 
Lem. Waite place. It was here where the first pottery was 
established. This was carried on for many years by the sons of 
Mr. Waite. About 1802 Thomas Crafts commenced in the pot- 
tery business near where Lyman A. Crafts now resides, but 
removed it to Claverack in 1806, and was interested as owner 
or in company with others until 1847, manufacturing common 
brown earthenware until 1821. From then until 1832, he kept 
six or eight hands at work making black teapots to the value of 
some $4000 per annum. He remodeled his shops and commenced, 
in 1833, the manufacture of stoneware, continuing fifteen years; 
then James M. Crafts and brother continued the business some 
years. They were followed by E. A. Crafts in company with 

D. D. and I. N. Wells, and they by Martin Crafts, and it was 
closed out entirely about i860. Quartus Graves had a potter}^ 
where Fred L. Graves now owns, for about ten years. A pot- 
tery was built on the Quinn place — who built or started it 
I never knew — but Heman Swift was the last occupant. Mr. 
Orcutt, in company with Obadiah and Luke Waite. started a 
stoneware pottery south of the McClelan place, on land now 
owned by Samuel Wilder. This was never successful for rea- 
sons which I need not relate. Sanford S. Perr}- & Co. built a 
pottery and made black teapots, not far from 1820. This too, 
was not run on strictly business principles and only continued 
about three years. The shop was bought by Simeon Reed, 
moved from the lot now owned by Mrs. M. W. Jewett and used 
by him for a wheelwright shop. It is now owned by David ^al- 
lahan. A small pottery was built on the Israel Wells place, 
then owned by Thomas Crafts, and occupied first by Justus 
Crafts, about 1825, and afterwards by Rufus Crafts. About 
1831, Justus Crafts built a house on Claverack, north of the 
Allen Belden place, and used one end of it for a pottery. Ralph 

E. Crafts built a small pottery on land of Thomas Crafts, which 
was used for making flower pots, burned in 1843, and he re- 
built, in 1844, on his own land. This was afterwards used for 
a broom shop. At that time the pottery business added much 
to the town, giving employment to a good many men, there 
being twenty-one native bom potters in town, aside from many 
journeymen, but now there is not a single one of that occupation 
here. 



25S 

Carriages and Wagons. Two-wheeled carriages, or 
chaises, came in use before those with four wheels, but they 
were not made in Whately. Rev. Rufus Wells owned the ftrst 
chaise in town as early as 1784; Dea. Thomas Sanderson had 
one very soon after. Prior to this, the only mode of travel was 
either on foot or horseback, the roads not being worked to per- 
mit any other method of travel, except on routes from one large 
town to another. It is said that in the old Hampshire county, 
as late as 1753, there were only two private carriages, the 
county then including Hampden and Franklin counties. These 
were owned by Col. Israel Williams of Hatfield and Moses Por- 
ter of Hadley. Horse sleds, or sleighs, were simply a box with 
a seat set on runners used for winter travel. When Moses Mun- 
son canje from Farmington, Conn., in 17S4, all his household 
goods, his wife and children came upon a one-horse sled, these 
being in use before carriages on wheels. Lieut. Perez Bardwell 
had what was called a pung of extra finish, in 1773, and 
Salah Graves had one in 1782, Col. Allis had a pung that was 
painted in 1776, Dr. Dickinson had a sleigh in 1790 and Dr. 
Francis Harwood had one about the same time, though I never 
saw Dr. Harwood on his rounds visiting his patients except 
astride his faithful horse and in his old age he sat so firm that 
he seemed really a part of the horse, with his saddle bags con- 
taining his medicines. Jacob Rosefield had a shop opposite 
Bartlett's corner, where he made cart wheels, about 1790. 
Coming down to a later date, about 1808 or '09, Elijah Sander- 
son came from Conway and he, soon after, had a shop on the 
sou^h side of the brook, on privilege No. 5, where he turned 
hubs for wheels and commenced manufacturing one-horse pleas- 
ure wagons, and about the same time Charles Bardwell, who 
lived where George W. Moore does now, commenced making 
wagons. In 1812, Thomas Crafts had several hands at the 
work. Simeon Graves in Christian Lane, Sylvester Morton, 
Chester Wells and his brother Luther, and perhaps others were 
engaged m making and selling these vehicles, and salesmen 
were sent all over the territory where they could dispose of 
their goods. One horse would draw about four of them over 
our poor roadways. In 1807, there were eleven carriages and 
wagons assessed to the following persons: Lieut. John Brown, 
one, Isaiah Brown, one, Lieut. Noah Bardwell, one, Charles 
Bardwell, one, Reuben and Aaron Belden, one, Capt. Seth 
Frary, one, Maj. Phineas Frar>^ one, Martin Graves, one, Maj. 



259 

Thomas Sanderson, one, David Stockbridge, one, Capt. Salmon 
White, one. These wagons were built strong and were inno- 
cent of any kind of springs, except the seat, which had a slight 
spring. 

But it was a long time before the horse block could be 
dispensed with, as people as late as 1S24, went to meeting Sun- 
days husband and wife on the same horse, the man on the sad- 
dle, the wife on the pillion, perhaps with a baby in her arms, 
and thus they traveled. When Erastus Crafts and Maria Lam- 
son were married 4 Nov., 1817, Uncle Erastus related the 
incident to me; he said that Uncle Graves Crafts made a string 
of verses about them. They rode horseback, his bride seated 
upon the pillion. The horse was known as old "White eye," 
and he had borrowed old Doctor Harwood's loaded whip for the 
occasion and instead of going to Europe or some great city they 
went to Rowe. I have one stanza which runs as follows : 

"There's Erastus and Mrs. Maria 

They both can have their heart's desire ; 

The Doctor's whip will make "White eye" go 
And they w-ill gallop straight for Rowe." 

I mention this incident to show conditions as they then 
existed as a sort of ah exhibit in contrast to the present fashion 
of managing such marriage trips now-a-days. Erastus Crafts 
was a highly respected citizen, as well informed as men 
in general, and his wife was one the best of women. They lived 
together as husband and wife over fifty-four years. 

In 1803 or '04, there were no chaises or wagons taxed in 
town, though Rev. Rufus Wells had a chaise, he was not taxed 
for any of his property. Dea. Thomas Sanderson then lived on 
Indian Hill, in Deerfield, which has since been annexed to 
Whately. 

Saltpeter was made at the part of the town on the road 
leading from the Straits to the Frank D. Belden place, on land 
formerly owned by James Whalen, on a small flat piece of 
ground partly down Hopewell Hill. Another site for this busi- 
ness was some twenty rods north of the Giles Dickinson place, 
just across the bridge over Roaring brook, and the hill there has 
long been known as "Pete Hill." These places seem to have 
been selected for boiling the lye. This was procured by leach- 



26o 

ing soil from underneath buildings and similar sources. Then 
the high price for such commodities doubtless ser\'ed as the 
incentive, as well as its need for the manufacture of powder. 

Nail Making. Spencer Graves, when in his ninetieth 
year, told me that he well recollected when a boy, of going to 
the mill on Indian Hill and seeing Amos Marsh and his son, 
Thomas, who not only attended the mill, but also engaged in 
making nails, and he had often seen a Mr. Hicks, who succeeded 
the Marshes, at work with the machine cutting nails. The iron 
was in strips of sufficient width to slice off a nail of the size to 
be made, then these were headed b}' hand. The machine, he 
thought, was worked by lever power. This was the wa}' in 
which Asa Marsh, "the aged," made nails, about 1804 or '05. 

Tar Kilns. There were two or three of these kilns, one 
being owned by Graves Crafts and was a little north of the 
north center schoolhouse on the east side of the road ; another 
by Dea. Thomas Sanderson, and we learn from his account book 
that he employed Nathaniel Sartwell at his tar kiln, in 1778. 
Where they disposed of the tar, or the amount produced, I do 
not know, but in the east part of the town there was a heavy 
growth of yellpw, or pitch pine, and as they cut off the forests the 
stumps and roots that were charged with pitch were used for its 
manufacture. 

Potash was made near the residence of Col. Josiah AUis, 
bj' whom I do not know, but have supposed by Col. AUis. 
Then there was another potash works near the house of Paul 
Belden, but whether this was carried on by Mr. Belden, George 
Rogers or by some, other party I have no means of determining. 

Needles. About 1806, Widow Elizabeth Phelps came 
from Northampton and bought the house where William Bard- 
well lived. Later it was sold to L. S. Wilcox and raised up a 
stor}'. Mr. Phelps was a silversmith and from him their son, 
Edward, obtained much of his skill in mechanics. At one time 
he undertook to manufacture sewing needles. How long he 
continued in this business I do not know, or whether he con- 
sidered it a success. The writer has samples of his make, and 
I am certain the market for them now would be rather small. 

Distilleries. When cider became abundant in Whately, 
the market was quite limited. So to dispose of the surplus, dis- 



26l 

tilling became quite common. Cider brandy was Gent bv the 
boats to Hartford and by large vessels to New York. Some 
years the quantity was quite large, amounting to fifty barrels or 
more. The distillery on the east side of Gutter bridge, near 
where the road to South Deerfield branches off from Chestnut 
Plainstreet, was run for manv vears bv Rev. Daniel Hunting-- 
ton, Edward Phelps and Leonard Loomis. They were partners, 
running a general merchandizing and the distilling of cider 
brandy. They dissolved partnership about 1825 to "27, Phelps 
keeping the distillery. Prior to this, Reuben and Aaron Belden 
run a distillery some years, Zenas Field early in this century-, 
Lieut. John Brown before 1S20, Dexter and Xoah Crafts, Jerre 
Graves, John E. Waite, G. \V. and A. J. Crafts and now 
Luman S. Crafts. Possibly there were others, that I do not recall. 

Merchants ix Whately. Dea. Simeon Waite and his 
son, Gad Waite, kept a small assortment of goods and groceries 
where Calvin S. Loomis lives and sold intoxicating liquors, 
soon after he came to the town in [760. They sold by the quart 
or gallon, or they mixed and sold flip by the mug, etc. Samuel 
Grimes opened a store, in 1797, where he kept dry goods, gro- 
ceries and liquors, mixed flip and sold to customers. Gad Smith 
opened a store in the Straits as soon as 177S, and David Stock- 
bridge about J So I. The Straits was, for many years, the most 
populous and enterprising part of the town. Levi Bush, Jr., 
came in 1823 or '24, selling dry goods and groceries, including 
intoxicating liquors, until about 182S. Eurotus Morton came 
about that time, 1828, and associated with him was Samuel B. 
White at the center, east of the old meeting-house. They kept an 
assortment of merchandise, including spirits. William W. San- 
derson sold dry goods and groceries, Samuel Lesure the same. 
The Whately Co-operative store was in existence several years, 
from 1859 or '60, to '66, then Ashley Hayden, Darius Stone, 
and since him A. W. Crafts, Micajah Howes and son, Ryland 
C, have had possession. E. H. Woods opened a store near 
Ashley G. Dickinson's, but soon went to the railroad station. 
After this there was a union store, with thirty or forty owners, 
then Caleb L. Thayer, Horace H. Hastings, Eugene E. Wood, 
John H. Pease, Henry C. Ashcraft and it is now owned by 
Arthur J. Wood. 

At West Whately we first had a Mr. Lull on Poplar Hill, 
Reuben Wiuchell at the center. Childs & Jenney at the west 



26.? 

part, then some one who bought them out whose name I forget. 
At the centre Huntington, Phelps «S: Loomis, and earlier still, 
at the center, Lemuel and Justus Clark had a store near the 
stockade monument. They bought out Dr. Perez Chapin who, 
I think, kept a grocery store. Elijah x\llis and Chester Wells 
run a general store, and after them Salmon White AUis, and 
perhaps others that I don't recall. 

PoCKETBOOKS. This branch of business was for many years 
a very important one, furnishing work for a large number of the 
women and children of the town besides those who were kept in 
constant employment at the factory. This, it must be remem- 
bered, was before the invention of the sewing machines and all 
the stitching upon thousands of dozens of pocketbooks, wallets 
and bill books had to be done by hand. This work was given 
ont to be done at the homes of our people, while the cutting, 
pasting and pricking the holes for the stitches was done at the 
factory, as well as other needful work in finishing and packing 
the work for the market. There was a force of from five to 
seven men and probably a dozen or more young ladies in con- 
stant employment, and a much larger force of stitchers scattered 
over the town. Col. Harwood was a great manager and under 
his management the town was much benefitted. True, the pay- 
ment to the outside help was paid from the store, yet many a 
boy and girl was able by their own labor to obtain many nice 
articles of wearing apparel, while the employment of their spare 
time and the earning of this money taught them a useful lesson, 
raised their self respect and exerted a refining influence that was 
far reaching. All of this will apply to the manufacturing by 
Stephen Belden and Lemuel Graves. They were each doing 
the same kind of business, but not on so large a scale. Between 
them all they probably had as many as sixty families engaged 
in the work of stitching, and were distributing thousands of dol- 
lars each year for this purpose. Aside from these there were 
some others from South Deerfield that used to send out a team 
with work to be done. Then our old friend, Miles B. Morton, 
was in the same business seven or eight years, and William F. 
Bardwell took contracts to manufacture for Luman Pease, I 
think of South Deerfield, and Samuel W. Steadman and his 
brother-in-law, R. B. Hawks, did some business in the same 
line. 



263 

Broom Corn and Brooms. Broom corn was planted, at 
first as a curiosity, as early as 1780 to 'S5. Sylvester Judd 
mentions its growth at these early dates, but its worth was not 
appreciated by the public, as they were apparently satisfied with 
their birch brooms. Broom corn is probably a species of sor- 
ghum, or guinea com, with a jointed stem like the sorghum and 
Indian corn, and grows to the' height of eight or nine feet 
according to the fertility of the soil. The head or brush pro- 
duces a seed like the sorghum plant only the brush is longer 
and, when allowed to ripen, is used for grinding with corn for 
provender. When the seed ripens the brush turns to a reddish 
color, and is more brittle and of less worth than when harvested 
in the blossom. The first one mentioned by Mr. Judd, to com- 
mence its cultivation with a view of utilizing it for manufactur- 
ing brooms was Levi Dickinson of Hadley. This was about 
1797. His first brooms were sold by peddlers through the 
ardjoining towns. Its culture soon spread through the river 
towns, and in 1805, several Whately men commenced to culti- 
vate it. The most prominent at this early period were Reuben, 
Aaron and Francis Belden, three brothers. They not only grew 
the corn, but essayed to manufacture the brooms, but they did 
not meet with popular approval on account of their poor manu- 
facture. They would soon get loose on the handle, and the 
women did not like them. The method of making them was to 
take a sapling of suitable size, peel off the bark and after it was 
seasoned they would attach a string to the side of the room, 
long enough to fasten the brush for a broom, then fastening the 
string to the handle commence to walk forward, rolling the 
broom around and drawing it as closely as the strength of the 
string would allow until sufficient brush was used to make the 
broom of the proper size. These were of course round and then 
to. flatten them they used an axe or a heavy mall, and later flat- 
tened them under the cider mill press. About 1820, they began 
to use a spool, or as they termed it roller, some fifteen inches 
long. On this the t\vine was wound and the workman sat at 
his bench and held the spool under his feet and by properly 
placing the brush and using a suitable implement called 
a "pounder" the broom was made flat. This "pounder" 
was made of steel, about two and one-half inches wide and six 
inches long with edges a quarter of an inch thick, and weighed 
fully two pounds. This was used to crush down the stalks of 
the brush so as to fasten the"brooni so tight that it would seldom 



264 

eet loose. Then when sewed the broom was placed in between 
the jaws of the sewing horse and allowed to spread sufficiently 
to meet the wishes of the workman and then sewed with twine, 
as at present done. 




CHAPTER XIV. 

AGRICULTURE. 

It would seem passing strange if I, to the farm born, should 
neglect to say something upon this very important topic. The 
fact that Whately has always been, and now is, a farming town 
no one will for a moment dispute. Our first settlers were all 
farmers, obtaining their bread by industriously stirring mother 
earth to induce the best and richest returns in exchange for 
their tireless labor and watchful care. 

The soil of course is varied, the eastern portion containing 
the rich alluvial meadows skirting the Connecticut river, and 
the second level all free from stone, but of a lighter and 
more sandy nature, yet warm, quick to respond to culture, and 
where it is fertilized is among its best lands. The ease of culti- 
vation induced its owners to sow it with rye continuously until it 
was ryed to death. Then they used to let it lay over a year and 
then sow rye again. If by chance a piece was planted with 
com and from four to six loads of pretty poor compost put in 
the hill often twenty-five to thirty bushels of corn would be har- 
vested. But fearful that some of the manure used would leach 
from the soil the land would be sowed to rye again as soon as 
the corn could be put into the stook, and the much-abused land 
would yield eight or ten bushels of rye to the acre. Then the 
straw, for which there was no market, was often put in the barn- 
yard on top of the muck or soil, and at every clearing of the 
yard earth was removed. 

The land was flat or level, not admitting of drainage, and 
the cattle and cows would go to the bottom at every step, so then 



266 

the straw would be littered over the porridge-like barnyard, and 
by the time that it would freeze so as to bear up the cattle, ihe 
straw would be to some extent mixed with the muck and the 
dropj)ings of the cattle. The cattle, by the way, were turned 
into the yard to drink at about lo o'clock a. m., and cold oi 
storm, left there to hook and chase each other until the boys 
came home from school. Then they were tied up, and either 
hay or corn stalks were fed, the men going to the barn generally 
twice to feed after the boys were through. 

The milking was not a long job. I very well recollect that 
my sister and I had to milk the four cows and the amount of 
milk would not exceed eight quarts in the morning and less at 
night. They were fed no grain or mess of any kind and the 
amount of butter fat would only make comment b\^ its paucity. 
Most even,- year an old cow that had been to pasture out on the 
hills during the latter portion of the season was fed come fall 
and winter until killed, a peck basket full of small potatoes 
morning and night and I had to do that as part of my chores. 
The oxen when worked were fed corn on the ear. The horses 
were fed as much as two quarts of oats per day as a rule. 

It was somewhat difficult to make what butter our large 
family wanted, but it had to go as none would be bought. Our 
methods were simply typical of many others. 

The ground planted was fertilized by the manure drawn 
out of the yards in the fall, it being placed in piles, six or eight 
loads in each, so as to be handy for use in the planting time, and 
almost invariably used in the hill for all kinds of hoed crops. 

Seventy to seventj'-five years ago the principal thing sold 
from the farm was stock, cattle and pork, aside from a small 
amount of butter that was taken at the stores in exchange for 
goods. Then rye, corn, oats and broom corn were the principal 
crops. Some few raised flax, but that soon ceased. The broom 
corn was usually or quite frequently used on the farm, as broom 
makers were seemingly as numerous as shoemakers in Lynn, 
and it was thus turned into cash together with needful labor. 

Tobacco from Virginia pressed into plugs sold at about five 
centsaplugor thirteen cents per pound. Butter in 1 8 16 was twelve 
and one-half cents, in 1811 oats sold for 2s 6d, or fort\' two 
cents when sold by the single bushel, corn fifty cents, rye 
sixty-seven, wheat seventy-five. The market for grain was largely 
local, as there was no means of transporting it except by teams. 
As for butter, the stores would buy it at from ten to twelve and 



267 

one-half cents, work it all over, pack it in firkins or tubs and 
send it by teams to Boston. 

The people of to-day, with railroads traversing the country 
in every direction, even carrying milk by the thousands of cans 
to Boston and meats by hundred of car loads, also butter and 
cheese, at but a modicum of the former cost receive a much 
larger price for their commodities. Then there were only the 
local markets, now Northampton, Holyoke, Chicopee and 
Springfield afford excellent, as well as near-by markets, for any 
surplus products the fanner may have. 

Formerly fruit was only raised for home use. Apples it is 
true yielded some income, as the cider would sell at from seven- 
ty-five cents to one dollar a barrel for drinking purposes and dis- 
tillation and large quantities of cider brandy were sent to Hart- 
ford and New York, going by boat down the river. Eggs were 
seldom sold for more than twelve and one-half cents a dozen and 
then only in the heighth of the season. 

TOBACCO. 

Tobacco was raised by most of the farmers to a greater or 
less extent from the earliest settlement of the Connecticut val- 
ley, and was a source of trade mostly confined to a sort of retail 
trade among the people living in hill towns. This was prepared 
for market by sweating it in a rather primitive manner. It 
seems that it was hung up to dry or cure for awhile, and then 
when it had begun to cure they took it down and piled it in 
smallish heaps to induce heat or fermentation until it was in 
condition for use, occasionally repacking it so as to secure as 
even a sweat as possible in that way. When the sweat was fin- 
ished the leaves were stripped from the stalks and done up in 
hands and packed away to keep moist until winter. Those who 
made a business of sending out peddlers would in the winter 
strip out the center stem and either braid it in rolls, or in some 
other way make it attractive and thus dispose of it. 

After the Revolutionary war the crop was more extensively 
grown, and I recall the fact of a purchase of quite a large 
tract of land, some sixty acres, by Reuben and Asa Crafts, pay- 
able one-third in silver money, one-third in tobacco and the 
balance in stock. I have this from a son of Reuben Crafts, his 
uncle Asa taking the silver monej' and carr^nng it on his horse 
to some town in New York state and paid the first installment. 
This is. in part the valuable lands now owned by the Hon. 
Lyman A. Crafts near the railway station in Whately. 



268 

Mr. Sheldon says : Tobacco was raised in Deerfield in 
1696, and Daniel Belden had hun.s: a portion of his crop in the 
attic to dry before the Indians attacked Belden 's house in Sep- 
tember of that year, and some of his children hid among it and 
they in that way escaped capture by the savages." 

After the incorporation of the town, in 1771, we find that 
the young minister, Rev. Rufus Wells, was accustomed to raise 
quite a quantity, selling it to anyone wishing to buy. The 
price for the hand not stripped was usually six pence per pound. 
He however sold some to Parson Emerson, the Conway minister, 
for five pence, but sometimes his price was eight pence a pound. 

Among the largest growers in town were Joshua Belden, his 
sons, Reuben and Aaron Belden, Dea. Levi Morton, Reuben 
and Asa Crafts and Perez Wells. It isn't probable that at that 
period the whole acreage dev'oted to tobacco culture would ex- 
ceed fifteen acres. After the introduction of plug or pressed 
tobacco from \'irginia the growing entirely ceased, except in 
isolated instances where some one who was accustomed to the 
use of the leaf raised a supply for his own use. 

About 1843, Stephen Belden procured some tobacco seed 
and raised a quantit}' of tobacco in 1S44, shipping it to New 
York with his brooms. His tobacco was packed in barrels and 
he sold it for four cents a pound. This was the commencement 
of raising Connecticut seed leaf tobacco in Whately. The next 
year Lewis Wells, S. and H. Dickinson and Isaac Frary, Jr., 
each commenced with a small patch of tobacco and after it was 
cured they drove over to Hadle}' where they sold it for six cents 
a pound to Loomis of Sufl&eld. The next year they had about 
an acre each, and Mr. Loomis came to Whately and bought 
their crops, paying about twelve cents for the wrappers and four 
cents for the fillers. The amount of monej' brought to these 
men for their crops induced others to commence its growth, and 
at the end of ten years there were about seventy acres devoted 
to its culture. Prices varied from ten to fourteen cents, average 
about twelve and one-half cents a pound. These prices stimu- 
lated its production. In 1865, we had some over 300 acres in 
cultivation. 

Of course values were increased as a result of the deprecia- 
tion of our paper money, though if reduced to a gold basis they 
Were very low. The price in 1865 was about twenty cents per 
pound in greenbacks, really less than ten cents in silver or gold. 
As paper depreciated the price rose so that one year I sold my 



269 

crop at thirty-five cents and the world seemed to go wild over 
our profits and ever>' effort was used to increase the acreage. 

New and valuable buildings were erected for curing the 
crop, at great expense, in the place of old and tumbled-down 
structures and in this present year (1899) new and elegant 
buildings are being erected. It is claimed that ten large barns, 
of from seventy-five to one hundred and twenty-five feet by 
thirty, having a hanging capacity of at least forty acres, have 
been erected. 

The methods of fertilization have kept pace with the march 
of investigation by our agricultural experiment stations and in- 
stead of fertilizing wholly with stable manures and Peruvian 
guano, they now use extensively cotton seed meal and potash 
in ^ome available form as it is an absolute necessity to produce a 
leaf that can be used for a wrapper in order to obtain a price 
that will compensate the grower for his outlay of time and 
money. A good, desirable leaf always finds buyers and those 
that don't haggle over a reasonable price. This is by far the 
leading interest of our townsmen and we have occupied consid- 
erable space to trace its history. 

Now I will close with a little incident of church inteference. 
Rev. C. N. Seymour came to Whately and was installed, 9 
March, 1853, and remained about six years. He was a liberal 
preacher and well liked by the townspeople. During his stay in 
town the association of ministers met in Whately and among 
the ultra-pious men were many that believed it was an awful sin 
to use the vile Indian weed and of course that added the men 
who grew it to a sinful class. They discussed the question 
with much eloquence, and it ended in resolutions recommending 
the ministers in the tobacco growing towns to use every effort 
by prayer and exhortation to stop raising it, and they called on 
their good Brother Seymour to give his views. Until then he 
had maintained a discreet silence, but he arose and all eyes 
were upon him, and he very wittily remarked, "That he didn't 
particularly care what his parishioners raised if they would only 
raise his salary," and took his seat. 

The panic of 1873 was successful in ruining most of the 
parties living in town who had entered into the trade in tobacco. 
Tobacco that cost nearly or quite thirty cents a pound dropped 
down to some eight or ten cents a pound, carrying most of the 
local dealers in Franklin and Hampshire counties into insol- 
vency. We mention this to show the unfavorable side of the 
tobacco trade. 



270 

ABANDONED FARMS IN WHATELV AND THE 
CAUSES LEADING THERETO. 

This is a topic on which there are a variety of opinions. 
We do not expect to solve the problem yet will give some salient 
reasons for at least a portion of them. It seems as though one 
hundred years ago the young men, not desiring to remove awa}' 
from all their associates and relatives, sought to occupy lands 
wholly unsuited for a productive farm upon which they could 
support a constantly growing family, were afterwards actually 
compelled to seek some other location. 

To illustrate my idea I will mention one instance : Daniel 
Wells born about 1749, marrying Aphia Dickinson, had a log 
house on the Easter road to Conway, on -the west side of the 
road well to the north, near where Sylvester and Horace Graves' 
sugarhouse stood. His land ran west of the hill. His house 
stood on a small level spot, a part of the level patch being little 
better than a mudhole. They had one cow and before she 
dropped her calf, he let her have the run of the level patch at 
nig:ht. One morning he found her mired and dead and the calf 
also. He then remarked that "He would not live on a farm 
where there wasn't a suitable place for a cow to calve on." He 
removed and left an abandoned farm. 

Very many of these abandoned farms were wholly unsuited 
for a farm, being fit only for woodland or pasturage. When the 
land was new and freshly burned over comfortable crops were 
produced for awhile, but the fertility was not kept up by the 
application of fertilizers. The places served simply as a shelter 
at night for those who were employed by neighbors who had 
lands suited for farm purposes. When the time came that farm 
machinery took the place of hand labor, then indeed was there 
an exodus to some factory village where a man and his numer- 
ous family could live comfortably. 

As for an illustration : Before the mowing machine, tedder 
and the horserake, all of our larger farms gave employment to 
many hands to cut and make the hay. It was a common thing 
to see from three to five or more hands industriously swinging 
the scythe all the forenoon to cut over a piece of land that a man, 
and a pair of horses attached to a mowing machine, would easily 
cut in much less time. Then in the afternoon the rake and 
pitchfork had to be handled lively, while with the tedder and a 
single horse the hay is better turned than a man can do it. 



271 

Then shifting to the horse rake the crop is soon in shape for 
draudng, and two men and a boy will put more hay into the barn 
than the ftve or six men, to say nothing about the boys, could 
do then. The result is that the labor that was formerly hired is 
dispensed with, and then the reaper and thresher came in to 
further lessen the need of so much extra help. 

In the winter men were employed, usually on shares, to 
thresh out the rye and wheat crops, and the music of the flails 
was heard in man}' a barn from early morning until we would 
get home from school. These jobs now are gone, and the man 
living on a piece of land that would not furnish a family with 
but little beyond caring for a cow, or perhaps two cows, and 
potatoes, the buildings going to decay and ruin, has at last 
abandoned it, the land being sold for pasturage or to grow up 
to wood. 

In 1888 I assisted in cutting white pines that yielded five 
12-foot logs for boards, the butt cut making boards, square 
edged, 22 inches wide, from land that when I was a boy of ten 
years was used for a cow pasture, having formerly been culti- 
vated with corn and grain. About [S2S to 1S34 there was a 
western boom that struck our town as Vv-ell as others ; such 
stories of the marvelous richness of those distant lands, that many 
sold off their farms and they were soon made into pastures, and 
the houses either torn down or removed. 

I have one such instance in my thoughts now: A father 
had built a two-story house, but never plastered a room; went 
upstairs by means of a ladder, had no well, drew the water for 
the house with his oxen and sled or stone boat, letting the cattle 
go to the brook thirty rods away. They had twelve children. 
Then his son lived in the same way, same house, and also had 
in his family twelve children. Then they moved to another 
farm. The land was sold, the house taken down and set up 
again over two miles away, put into comfortable condition, and 
was recently sold to a young man who now has a comfortable 
home. 

Other farms after the death of the owners, have been divided 
and subdivided and sold off in small strips, thus destroying the 
farm, the land being now added to the possessions of some well- 
to-do farmer. This will account for quite a number of aban- 
doned farms. If we go back to the tax list of 1771 we find that 
the seventy-one poll tax payers had ninety-nine cows. There 
was practically no sale for butter, and only enough cows were 



272 

kept to supply the family. In iSio the tax list shows that with 
231 poll tax payers they had increased the number of cows to 
307 ; they had also increased their population from 320 in 1771 to 
890 in I Sic. Butter was worth Sd in 1777, in 18 10 about ten 
cents, and from 1S25 to 1S30 about twelve and one-half cents. 
It is probably true that I can name three men in Whately who 
manufacture and sell more butter than all that was made and 
sold in iSio, or it produces more money. Considering the con- 
ditions under which our people struggled, the wonder is that so 
few farms were abandoned. 

The facilities for sending our surplus products to market 
are now such that there is no trouble in sending milk, cream, 
butter, eggs, poultry- and even,- kind of perishable produce to a 
speedy, as well as a lucrative market. Tobacco that is now 
grown in a year would be worth more than all the crops they 
raised in a year. Now we shall expect to see some of the best 
farms that were abandoned rehabitated and very few ever again 
abandoned. Many of them have abundance of good natural 
pasturage, but are deficient in good mowing lands. When corn 
for ensilage can be grown a silo laughs at one who has only hay 
to depend upon. 

A SEQUEL TO OUR ABANDONED FARMS. 

While traveling over our little town enumerating the peo- 
ple, in accordance with the laws of our state, I was compelled to 
pass place after place where once a dwelling stood, where once 
busy feet pressed the soil of a once busy farmhouse, and its sur- 
roundings, where parents with their laughing boys and blush- 
ing girls filled the home with their gladsome voices ; where once 
was busy life, now, alas, is naught but the partially filled cellar 
hole and all is silent, as though the surrounding hills had never 
reverberated the gladsome laugh or sent back in echoes the 
merr>' songs of a once numerous and happy progeny. 

I was going from the center of the town by the Irvdng Allis 
place, thence over the old Easter road to West Whately, some- 
thing over a half mile from Mr. Allis', by the roadway passing 
the "coon dens" and rising the Easter Hill, reached the first of 
the abandoned farms. The ruins consist of a partially filled cel- 
lar some fifteen feet by about twenty-four, thus indicating the 
size of the house. Here I stopped and sat down on a beautiful 
plot of grass, going back in memory to its early occupants and 
tracing their history and life work, and theti their sons and 



273 

daughters, their children and grandchildren, and as I thought 
aloud and mentioned names so I will now do the same. 

In the year 1775 my great uncle, John Crafts, built a dairy 
house here. In 1779 Joseph Crafts, after faithful service in the 
Revolutionary army, married and soon after occupied this dairy 
house and the adjacent lands. Here his family, consisting of 
three daughters and six sons, was born. The two oldest chil- 
dren were daughters, then came Chester Crafts who was the 
father of Josephus, Chester, Jr., David W., Roswell P. and 
Albert W.. all of them wealthy. Roswell P. has twice served 
Holyoke as its efficient mayor ; three of them have been direct- 
ors in different banks, and all of them much in office and held 
in high esteem. The daughters, sisters of these parties, were 
married to men of good and reputable standing at Northampton. 

Then in my mind I traced another of the sons of Joseph 
who married and removed to Ohio. He was by trade a black- 
smith and also carried on the business of manufacturing agricul- 
tural implements; sold out and removed to Illinois; was con- 
tractor on the Central Illinois railroad. His wife died and he 
was prostrated with typhoid fever and died, leaving eight chil- 
dren. The oldest, named Josephus Crafts, was a woolen man- 
ufacturer; removed to Alabama, where he owned a plantation of 
800 acres, and his descendants still live there ; one is a lawyer, 
and others in trade, besides carrying on the farm ; one other son, 
James, was a Methodist preacher, was in a cavalry regiment in 
the war of the rebellion and died in the service. 

Then I thought of another grandson, Davdd K. Crafts, who 
was a mere lad when his parents died, and among strangers. 
He was put out to a farmer with whom he lived until about 
seven or eight years of age, when he was sold to a drinking 
fellow for a keg of cider brandy. When he awoke in the 
morning and found that his drunken master was sleeping off his 
last night's debauch, he slipped out of bed determined to kill the 
man who had bought him, and seizing one of his boots he 
struck with will on his head, but the fellow jumped up before 
he could repeat the blow. He had to go with him, and when 
thirteen years old wenttoNauvoo and learned the tinner's trade, 
and the family being Mormons went to Utah, and he of course 
went. He owns a large farm and a large interest in the mining 
business; has a family of seven-or eight children, well educated. 

All these thoughts ran through my mind as I sat there. 
Then I thought of the grand old grandfather, of his long con- 



274 

tinued service in the army, assisting at the capture of Burgoyne 
and his whole army. Here they lived. The house stood in a 
warm, cozy place on an eastern slope of Mt. Easter. In the 
cellar is growing a stalwart butternut tree, a part of the cellar 
wall being intact and pieces of brick are strewed around. There 
is but little land in any way suitable for tillage or mowing, and 
how they managed to live here is a question that I am unable 
to solve, yet here was their home and here their children often 
disported. It is no wonder that when Mr. Crafts died in i8[5, 
the house was deserted and the land used for a pasture even to 
this day. 

Other abandoned farms may have similar results following 
the removal to lands admitting of cultivation, several instances 
of which I could relate were it necessary. 

Most of the farmers in the eastern and central part of the 
town raised broom corn, and quite a good proportion of them 
manufactured the corn into brooms. Those not choosing to 
manufacture had no difficulty in disposing of the broom corn. 
The price varied from five to seven cents a pound, probably six 
cents was about a fair average price, the green brush being 
always worth more than the red. It was confidently claimed 
that a good, well-ripened crop of seed would pay for the cost of 
labor and fertilizer for its production, so the farmer could well 
afford to take the reduced price for his brush. The manufac- 
turer would use the red brush for the inside and the green brush 
to cover it, a process that had some doubts as to its morality. 

Among our largest manufacturers we will name a few only : 
Josiah Allis, Eliphas H. Wood, Abel W. Nash, Soloman Mo- 
sher, Cahdn S. Loomis, Porter Wells, Lucius Graves, Stephen 
Belden, Reuben Belden, Carlos Swift, Justin M. Cooley, William 
J. and Josiah G. Wood. They soon began to buy broom com 
grown at the west where it was always harvested green, and 
then broom corn raising ceased and the former growers turned 
their attention to growing tobacco. 

The yield of broom brush averaged about six hundred 
pounds to the acre. Before the building of the Connecticut 
River railway the brooms were most generally sent to New York, 
shipping by boats to Hartford and from there by sloops or steam- 
boats, while many sent out teams through all the surrounding 
country, with an occasional two-horse load to Albany, N. Y. 
They used to laugh at one of our jocose broom manufacturers, 
who took a two-horse load of brooms to Albany, of course selling 



275 

his wares as he had opportunity by the way. He closed out the 
end of his load to a wide-awake man in Albany, taking his pay 
in flour. He wasn't much acquainted with handling flour and 
the barrels were marked "fine flour." When he arrived home 
with his flour that he hoped to sell at a profit the people asked 
him why he didnt buy "superfine," instead of fine. He replied 
that they told him that old "Super" was dead so they could not 
use his name on that flour any more. He never outgrew that. 

But then when we stop to think, in those days ver>- few 
families ever bought flour by the barrel; they raised and ate rye 
bread. Once or twice a year they would buy a small amount for 
Thanksgiving and sometimes a little for ha3-ing purposes, a 
dozen pounds or such a matter at a time, an ounce of nutmeg, a 
quarter of a pound of allspice, some cinnamon and a pound or 
two of raisins also for Thanksgiving. To see how our people 
live to-day would excite their wonder. In my boyhood days I 
had to eat from a wooden trencher until I was ten years old. 

As for eggs scarcely ten cents a dozen would be paid for 
them, but now they are carefully crated, and thus marketed or 
placed in cold storage ready for use when the season of scarcity 
arrives, and every week our merchants in villages receive them 
from Indiana and Illinois; and butter also is kept in cold stor- 
age, and the price seldom drops below twenty cents. 

The west part of the town, comprising as it does the fourth 
division of Commons and nine lots of the third division, is stony 
and hilly, well adapted to pasturage, fruit growing and the pro- 
duction of meat and butter; with some good arable lands and a 
strong fertile soil. In fact I know that the lands from the top 
of Potash hill, including Pleasant hill, Spruce hill up Chestnut 
mountain, are remarkably rich soils producing every kind of 
crop in profusion, warm, quick to respond to treatment of ferti- 
lizers and easy of tillage. 

As you go further west the arable lands are not so abundant, 
yet on the Poplar hill road from Conway line to and beyond 
Paul \V. Field's, excellent farms are found, and Grass hill was 
considered many years ago as the farmer's paradise, but it was 
principally a stock keeping portion of the town. But now a 
change has come over the conditions of the agricultural products 
of the town. The reason is found in the growing of corn, and 
seed leaf tobacco. Lands that are suitable for the production of 
firm, light colored wrappers suitable for cigars, are now used 
largely for that purpose. 



i']6 

This was commenced in a small way by Stephen Belden, 
Lewis Wells, Samuel and Horace Dickinson. Mr. Relden pro- 
cured some seed and raised a small quantity in 1S43, ^^d in 1844 
took it to New York and sold it. At this time, 1S44 or '4-5, 
Wells set out towards an acre and the Dickinson brothers about 
one acre. They took samples to Hadley, and sold their crops 
at six cents a pound for the wrappers and two cents for the 
fillers. Their next crops were somewhat larger and the buyer, 
Mr. Loomis from Suffield, Conn., came to Whatelj' and better 
prices were paid. Then others commenced growing- it, and in 
1854 there were about seventy acres devoted to its culture. 

In 1893 there were 412 acres planted ; but the usual amount 
of land devoted to tobacco varies from 364 in 1892, to 4 12 in '93. 
This yields verj- nearly 1600 pounds to the acre as an average ; 
this gives 620,800 pounds, giving a cash return of nearly $75,- 
000, and when prices run higher the amount has reached over 
$100,000. There are years, like 1897, when the plants were so 
affected by the large amount of rain, that many acres were en- 
tirely worthless, entailing heavy losses upon the farmers. In- 
deed many acres of corn were also ruined. 

At first the tobacco land was sowed to wheat after tobacco, 
and heavy crops resulted. I well recall a field of twelve acres 
raised \>\ Alonzo and Walter Crafts, that was followed by wheat, 
that was claimed to have yielded 600 bushels, and as I have 
grown very nearly forty bushels to the acre on a poorer soil, I 
am disposed to say it yielded as above. Now the practice of 
sowing wheat has most generally ceased and the land if well 
adapted to the growth of tobacco is kept continually for that 
crop. 

Since the completion of so many railways, affording as they 
do such facilities for the quick transportation of what is considered 
as perishable products, such as milk, butter and eggs, as well as 
small fruits, with the addition of cold storage, has almost en- 
tirely changed the conditions under which the farmer labors. 
Now it is possible, aye practicable, for the farmer to keep all the 
cows his farm can profitably carrj'. And when the hay crop is 
insufficient the silo and ensilage come in as important adjuncts 
to piece out his deficient forage crop, as now it is generally con- 
ceded that one acre of ensilage is sufficient to carr>^ three cows 
through the usual foddering season, with one small feed of some 
dr^' material such as hay, oats, straw or cornstalks once a day. 

The land in the west part of our town is peculiarly fitted 



277 

for the keeping of poultry', particularly for the production of 
eggs. The laud is not held so high but that a man might de- 
vote an acre or more fenced off in plats of eight or ten rods in a 
plat, with a woven wire fence, allowing to each plat about 
twenty hens and one cockerell ; allow the grass to grow, thus 
affording valuable food for the hens, and set a number of pear 
or plum trees as he may choose in each plat. These will 
afford shade for the hens, and the fertilizer deposited by the 
hens would make the trees thrifty and productive. 

For all these products there is an abundant market, and 
payable in good hard cash, not as formerly a barter trade. 
Then another excellent product is the raising of early lambs. 
They have the pasturage, and even though stone walls abound, 
yet wire is now so cheap that there need be no difficulty in mak- 
ing effective fences for sheep. Money is more easily earned in 
this way than in growing tobacco. Again a large portion of its 
area is well adapted to the growing of apples, for which we have 
the -world for a market. But it is necessary to grow nice fat 
apples, not poverty-stricken specimens. To do this there must 
be supplied the needed elements contained in the fruit. No one 
would think of planting corn or seeding to grass a sand blow 
knoll, so no man should think of reaping "Where he has not 
strown." The old orchards are decaying, simply for the want 
of potash, and this is true as regards much of our New England 
pasturage. 

Then as an incentive for improvement, real farmers' clubs 
should be formed wherever a dozen farmers can readily meet ; 
compare notes, try supposed beneficial experiments, and to de- 
plore farm wastes and suggest improvements ; a real live insti- 
tution, and not a particularly literary affair attended by a thous- 
and and one degrees and initiations, with a bevy of officials too 
numerous to mention, where they discuss anything but fanning. 



CHAPTER XV. 
whately's natural scenery. 

The Connecticut Valley has many beautiful localities of 
which those to the manor born are justly proud. In passing 
through the .valley even,- one must be struck with the beautiful 
elevation on which the little hamlet of Whately is located. The 
hill is not sharp or abrupt, but slopes gradually to the south and 
east, catching the first raj's of the morning sun and the equally 
cheery and balmy south winds. The hill's elevation does not 
exceed one hundred feet, and is underlaid with red sand stone. 
It is really a plateau and gives the name Chestnut Plain to the 
highway, commencing at the West brook bridge and extending 
to the north line of the town. 

The soil is warm and fertile, producing large crops of grass 
or hoed crops. The hills west furnish a beautiful background, and 
serve to ameliorate the extremes of the weather. The water is 
of the best quality. It is an extremely healthy location, wholly 
exempt from malarial diseases. A wide area of flat lands lies 
at the base of this beautiful hill. A little ways from its base 
winds the wonderfully crooked, yet beautiful stream, usually 
known as Mill river, but by the Indians as Capiwonk, affording 
a meadow the whole width of our town. 

Then there is a continued level strip of land about one and 
a half miles to the meadow that fringes the Connecticut, and 
beyond are the eastern hills dotted with vdllages. 

At the north we have the mountain of Sugar Loaf, and 
across the river is Toby, which rear their proud heads and look 



279 

down upon us in their rugged beauty, crowned as their summits 
are with beautiful summer houses. Still further north are the 
hills of Shelburne, Colrain and Leyden, while far away to the 
northeast we see the mighty Monadnock rearing its head ; be- 
yond this to the southeast of Monadnock is the Wachusett, ris- 
ing to the height of 2,qoo feet. Then as you turn to the south, 
Holyoke and Tom stand as sentinels to guard our homes. 

There are many rough and rugged hills, through clefts ot 
w'hich beautiful brooks have forced their way, making some very 
fine scenerv'. Among these I will onlv mention West and Roar- 
ing brooks. Whoever views the West brook as it runs between 
Stony hill and Chestnut mountain will be filled with wonder 
when they view the effects of the many tens of thousands of 
years of its continued efforts ; also they who follow Roaring 
brook and take cognizance of the beautiful scener>' abounding 
at the glen and a long ways up the brook, that only needs to 
be seen to be admired. 

These and many other beautiful places need no enconiums 
from my pen. They are rich in natural beauty, and are annu- 
ally visited by thousands. What a place for summer residences, 
and some day we will see the old and beautiful town covered by 
palatial places. 

Not long since a wealthy hotel keeper remarked to me that 
if he was twenty years younger he would erect a first-class sum- 
mer hotel at Whately, and should consider it a good investment 
for a hundred-room house. That nature had here provided one 
of the finest and most desirable localities that he knew of for the 
purpose. 

The main street has always been known as Chestnut Plain 
street even before its occupancy for residences. The views from 
the south end of the village embraces the mountains Holyoke 
and Tom, distant about twelve miles, with the long stretch of 
meadow, and beautiful view stretching on indefinitely. The 
landscape is dotted with farm houses and villages galore ; the 
woodlands all in their rich vestments of green, intermingled with 
finely cultivated fields, and the rugged hills hiding from view 
the beautiful meadow city ; while to the east the spires of many 
churches can be seen. 

But I am well aware that my descriptive powers are wholly 
inadequate to give an appreciative picture of the many charm- 
ing views to be had here. The reader will recollect that I have 
passed my eighty-second birthday, but my love for the old 
home of my active life still retains its hold upon me. 



28o 

We here present the fine view of Hon. H. S. Allis' very 
pleasant home, surrounded as it is with such a wealth of beauti- 
ful trees. It is located on the east side of Chestnut Plain street,, 
which is ten rods wide, on the height of that beautiful elevation 
upon which the village is built. The point of view selected for 
this picture seems to possess a fine artistic effect. It gives a 
slight view of the cemetery, the wide street, the beautiful trees- 
and the contour of the land, as well as a pleasant view of the 
large and commodious house. The front house was built by his 
father some years ago ; the ell part now two stories high, affords 
an abundance of room. It is well divided, the apartments are, 
large, finely furnished, and surrounded as it is with such magnifi- 
cent shade trees, and with the beautiful elevations, flecked as 
the}' are with villages, the mountains both north and south, and. 
the hill at the west, makes a desirable residence. 

BROOKS IN WHATELY.. 

There are quite a number of brooks, and as each of them 
has a local name, we will give them as full}^ as we can. We 
need hardly say that what we have is the result of many in- 
quiries and personal investigation. Bloody brook is a tributary 
of Capawong or Mill river. It empties into Mill river on the Bar- 
nard farm. It rises northeast of South Deerfield, is an inconsid- 
erable stream, and is famous for the massacre of Capt. Lothrop 
and his company, called the "Flower of Essex." 

About one-half of a mile south we have Roaring brook 
which rises in Conway east of Cricket hill, flows southeasterly 
through the famous Whately glen, and affords much beautiful 
and wild scenery, some water power, and falls into Mill river. 
Chicken brook, sometimes called Uncle Nonies' brook, rises 
under Mt. Esther, and receiving some small additions, unites 
with Mill river. A small brook known as Brown's brook, 
crosses the road near the house of the late George Brown and 
enters Mill river. 

The next one south is known as Gutter Hill brook. It. 
crosses Chestnut Plain street just north of the center cemeter5^ 
It rises west of Stony hill and, collecting the springs flowing, 
from Stony hill east and Spruce hill west, empties into Mill river. 
The next one south on the east side is the Great Swamp brook. 
This in former times was called Little River, and crosses Chris- 
tian lane just west of the house of Lemuel F. Graves, running 



X 
o 
s; 

X 

> 

CO 

O 

w 
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28l 

a few rods on his lot, then crossing the Claverack road near the 
house of Sherman B. Bardwell and empties into Mill river. 

The next brook, always known as Schoolhouse brook, rises 
from springs under Stony hill, crosses the Chestnut Plain road 
near the junction of the crossroad with Chestnut Plain road, 
runs thence southeasterly and empties into Mill river. White's 
brook is at the foot of the hill south of the Salmon P. White 
place. The next is Frary's brook, rising in springs northwest 
of Lincoln B. Sanderson's, crosses the road and runs on San- 
derson's land, and running between his house and barn, finds its 
way to Mill river. 

Mill river, that has received all these tributaries, rises in 
the eastern portion of Conway, passes into the southwest part of 
Deerfield ; then through Whately and empties into the Connec- 
ticu.t.river after pai?sing through Hatfield, affording some water 
power in Hatfield and also in what. we call Mill river in Deer- 
field. There are several large drains on the east side that dis- 
charge. considerable water into it. Great Swamp drain has its 
outlet across Claverack and enters Mill river, and from this junc- 
tion takes the name of Little river. We have as tributaries of 
Roaring brook : Clark's brook which empties east of the place 
owned by Seth B. Crafts on the Easter road. Marsh's brook 
which rises in the southeast part of Conway, and also Burgess 
brook. 

West brook rises in Conway, and the two streams that unite 
to form this brook are known as Sinkpot brook and Avery's 
brook. They unite in the south part of Conway, flow into the 
northwest corner of Whately. and flows southeasterly to its junc- 
tion with Mill river at a point near the line between Hatfield 
and Whately. This stream furnishes a large amount of water 
power. Its tributaries are first the Todd brook, which rises in 
Conway and runs southerly east of Rufus D. Waite's, and emp- 
ties into West brook. The next and largest tributary is known 
as Harvey's brook. It comes from Williamsburg and has long 
been used to furnish power for two sizable shops. 

Poplar Hill brook is between Poplar hill and Mt. Esther. 
On this brook "Silver" Joel Munson and his father, old Uncle 
Mosea-Munson, had a mill for wood turning. Mitchell's brook, 
a. small stream on the north side of West brook, and Potash 
brook empties east of the Otis Bardwell place. This unites, or 
receives several small streams that runs from under Mt. Esther 
and 'Bull hill, and takes its name from Potash hill. 



282 

A small stream rises north of the E. S. Alunson place and 
empties into West brook. Then to go back we will find a small 
brook under the hill near the West Whately cemetery. Then 
Munson's brook empties into West brook on the land of Otis 
Bardwell ; this runs under Shingle hill and comes along near the 
Haydenville road, and is sometimes called "Still brook," from 
the fact that near it was one or more distilleries. All empty 
into West brook. Horse Mountain brook rises in the south- 
west part of Whately in that section known as Grass hill, flows 
southerly into Williamsburg uniting with the Joe Wright brook. 
The two united are afterwards known as Beaver brook. 

The other brooks empty into the Connecticut river. Begin- 
ning at the north side of the town we have what the Indians 
called "Weekioannuck," but now known as Sugar Loaf brook. 
This rises in South Deerfield, crosses the Whately and Sunder- 
land road, near the house where Abraham Parker settled, and 
runs southerly emptying into the Connecticut on land owned by 
E. A. Scott's heirs. This affords power for a grist and sawmill. 

Hopewell brook rises from springs under Hopewell hill and 
runs southerly, crossing the road near the East cemeter}', then 
crosses the River road and empties on land of S. W. Allis. 
The fight known as the Swamp fight with the Indians was near 
the head of this brook. It has a small tributary from a small 
run near where the Wilcox house stands opposite Bartlett's cor- 
ner, and also takes the water from Poplar spring. There' is a 
small brook that crosses the River road near Frank D. Belden's 
house. The water from all these brooks can be turned into one 
channel, and has been so used at Belden's mill. There is a 
small one near the south line of the town, near the Shajdor F. 
Belden place, sometimes called the Great Drain from Hopewell. 

NAMES OF HILLS AND LOCALITIES. 

"Old fields," so called, is a piece of ground tolerably level 
and rather free from stone, lying west of the Giles Dickinson 
house. These were old cultivated fields when the town was first 
settled. It is evident that the Indians planted the land for per- 
haps ages upon ages, as many relics of their manufacture were 
found here. Miron Dickinson found a complete stone pot or 
bowl and thoughtlessly broke it to pieces ^^dth his hoe. Arrow 
heads and other utensils such as pestles for pounding their corn, 
etc., were found here, and near "old fields" was an Indian resi- 
dent known as old Samson Johnson. He had three sons that i 



283 

1 

recollect as late as about 1S30 to '35, Eph, Dave and Cyrus. 
They used to work for the farmers by the month or other.vays. 

Beach island is located east of the Barnard farm and is a 
barren spot in Great swamp. It is related of a man named 
Tr\-on that he lived there in a shanty for sometime to escape 
arrest. Swamp hill is on the east side of Mill river lying mostly 
on the farms of Jonathan W. and Wells Dickinson and the Scott 
brothers, Frank O. and Lewis. 

Staddle hill is northwest from George E. Sanderson's, on 
the road to Conway, this side of Long pond woods. Indian 
hill ; this name has long attached to this hill. Here Adoniiah 
Taylor built his house, a gristmill and sawmill, which is now 
owned by George E. Sanderson. 

The widow Waite's woods are west of Ambrose Scott's 
place and south of "old fields." A place much frequented by 
partridges and squirrels. The name Widow Waite's woods is de- 
rived from the widow of John Waite, son of Benjamin, the Indian 
scout. Capt. Salmon White married her daughter, Mary Waite. 
The mother, after the death of her husband, lived some years 
with Capt. White and wife, and she died iS Aug., 1791. aged 
ninety-nine years. She owned this lot and the name still clings 
to that portion covered with wood. I think it is on lot Xo. 66, 
fourth division of Commons. 

Weller hill is we-.-t of Asa and Noah Dickinson's places. 
It takes its name from its first owner, Richard Weller. The 
Park is the hill east of the Easter road to Conway and is mostly 
in a pasture owned by the Scott brothers. It extends into the 
northwest corner of the Doctor Harwood farm. 

Mount Esther, or Easter as it is generally called, is the 
range of hill or hills lying north of Irving AUis' place. This 
eminence was called Easter from some woman who had a dairy 
and sugarhouse camp or ranch. Her name was spelled Esther, 
but that was pronounced Easter in those early days. Such 
dairy houses were frequently established where an abundance of 
good grazing lands were found, and as much of the sugar used 
was home made so Hatfield people went to the sugar trees and 
boiled the sap, and this hill has always been a famous place for 
grazing and for maple sugar making. 

Bull hill commences north of the residence of George Dick- 
inson and extends north into the Doctor Harwood farm, now 
owned by W. P. Crafts. Spruce hill is a fertile and excellent 
tract of land extending nearly or quite to the West brook. 



284 

Stony hill ; this long range of hills west of Chestnut Plain 
street about a mile and a half, full of stones and ledges, is 
wholly unfit for cultivation and kept mostly for wood. Over the 
west side there are pastures. The hill extends from opposite 
the old meeting-house to the West brook, back of Round knoll 
and Round hill. Chestnut mountain ; this is a remarkably fer- 
tile elevation, and the "West brook seems to have worn a channel 
through between Stony hill and the mountain. This seems ap- 
parent to the most careless observ-er. 

Round hill, so called from its singular form, is east of the 
lower end of Stony hill and rises some 200 feet above its eastern 
base. Round knoll, just north of Round hill, is similar in its 
configuration to Round hill, but not so high into probably fifty 
or seventy-five feet. This last is about west from the Luke B. 
White place. Going west from Chestnut mountain is Shingle 
hill, which lies south of Paul W. Field's, extending into Wil- 
liamsburg. On this hill Nathan Waite and his son, Jeremiah, 
lived in 1782; after them Benjamin, a son of Jeremiah, then 
Gilbert Smith and his son, Harwood Smith. Now the house is 
torn down and the road discontinued. 

Hog mountain lies west of Willis F. Waite's house and C. 
E. Bardwell's, and south to Grass hill. This hill was thus 
named from a party of hunters from Hatfield ; w^hile on this hill 
they were frightened by hearing some sounds that thej^ mistook 
for the guttural sounds of Indians; they fled hastily to Hatfield. 
The alarm was given and a squad of men fully armed started to 
investigate. They carefully went to where the hunters had first 
heard what they had thought proceeded from Indians, and they 
soon found that the ominous sounds came from an old sow while 
suckling her pigs. From this circumstance this eminence has 
since borne the euphonious name of Hog mountain. 

Grass hill is south and west of Hog mountain. It has a 
fertile soil and at one time had quite a number of houses. It is 
now principally used for pasturage. In mj^ opinion the best soil 
adapted to apples and other fruit growing of anj^ portion of- the 
town. 

The Pinnacle ; a high hill or summit north of Grass hill 
and south of wh.it is known as New Connecticut, which extends 
most up to the John Starks or Caleb Beals place, on the old 
Williamsburg road, and west of Samuel Sanderson's place. 

Dr}' hill, running north from the old John Starks place into 
Conway, where first lived Jonathan and Amasa Edson and after 



285 

them Orange and Chester Bardwell. The name was given in 
consequence of its being overrun by fire, destroying the wood. 

Poplar hillis that hill extending north from the Baptist meet- 
ing-house, past the Chester Brown place and on northerly into 
Conway. It is east of the West brook and west of Easter; an 
excellent fruit growing section. The road takes its name from 
this hill. 

Pleasant hill, where George Dickinson now resides. This 
place aiifords one of the finest views of the Connecticut River 
Valley, embracing many towns east of the river. Coon's Den," 
west of Irving Allis' house, a rough, rugged, ledgy locality 
filled with loose rocks, affording a cover for wild animals ; for- 
merly a great place for coons, wild-cats and other animals to 
escape pursuit, and reach a place of refuge. Gutter hill, near 
the center cemeter5^ has reference only to the roadway. 

Dr. Dickin.son's hill ; this is the hill west of Christian Lane 
bridge over Mill river as you go to the centre. The Doctor 
lived on the Cahdn S. Loomis place several years before [800. 
Chestnut Plain hill has sometimes been called an unsavory 
name in consequence of the great number of geese that were 
pastured on its wide plats of grass. It seemed in my younger 
days pretty sharp work to avoid their droppings. Mill hill, as 
you rise from Chestnut Plain road to the mill near E. C. 
Warner's. 

Great Swamp Bridge hill, on Claverack road as you go north 
from the Gad Crafts place, just beyond the Egypt road, has been 
graded so the ascent is slight. Trumbul's hillis the knoll south 
of the Stephen Belden place and north of the Gilbert place. It 
has often been said that a man by the name of Trumbul was 
killed here by the Indians. 

Burying Ground hill, near the east cemeter>'. This is the 
ascent from the meadows up Kopewell hill to the Straits, and 
only refers to the road. White's hill, where Capt Salmon 
White settled. Alpha Dickinson hill, only a reference to the 
Chestnut Plain road as you go south toward Schooltiouse brook, 
from where Ashley G. Dickinson lives. 

Old Boy hill, a rise in the Grass hill road thirty rods or so 
west of where Luther Thompson's house stood. Hopewell hill 
is the hill that rises from the meadows to the second level. It 
extends the entire width of the town, and it rises about fifty feet 
on an average. 

Egypt is that portion of the Egypt road from about twenty- 



286 , 

five rods east of the Connecticut River railroad and continues 
across the wet land to the point where the Mother George road 
leaves it. There was for many years a heavy growth of hem- 
lock and pine trees that grew along both sides of the roadway, 
and near it the overhanging branches shut out the light, so that 
at night it was as dark as Egypt. Hence the name. 

Christian Lane proper is understood to refer only to the 
houses east of the Lane bridge to the houses of Moses and Levi 
Graves, now owned by Fied L. and L. F. Graves, while it is 
sometimes alluded to as the Lane road from Bartlett's corner to 
the railroad station. While west of the station to the crossing 
of the Northampton extension has always been spoken of as the 
causeway. This was corduroyed before 1788, as my mother has 
often told of riding over it in an ox cart when the family re- 
moved to Christian Lane. Why it should be designated "Chris- 
tian" I don't know for certain, but presume from the fact that 
Deacon Simeon Waite, the earliest settler, was a stanch old-, 
school Christian, whose mouth was always giving pious exhor- 
tations even while he dealt out liquor by the jug full or con- 
cocted the beverage of the times, "phlipp," to his ungodly cus- 
tomers. 

Straits. This is a portion of the Deerfield road contained 
between Bartlett's corners south to and including the houses of 
Josiah Gilbert and Benjamin Bacon. The reason of its name, 
"The Straits," is supposed to be that it was a strip of land that 
was dr}', making a fine roadway between the wet lands both east 
and west of it, Hopewell proper and Great Swamp. This last 
until drained was very wet. For a long time it was the most 
populous portion of the town, being the traveled route to the 
north, and had at one time two quite large stores and three 
hotels. 

Canterbury'' was so called as early as 17 18 and probably 
earlier, but I can give no reason for its name. It is now spoken 
of as including the S. W. Allis place to the Deerfield line. 

Claverack probably takes its name from some fancied re- 
semblance to Claverack, N. Y. It is level, free from stone and 
airly fertile. In the time of the Revolutionary war we had a 
squad of Whately men located at Claverack, N. Y. 

Dead Meadow is a portion of land west of the road to South 
Deerfield and south of the John Waite farm house on that road. 
Its peculiarity that gives it the name is that it has no wood 
growing upon it, but to the extent of some acres is covered with 



2^7 



a coarse sedsre that has sometimes been mo^ed for bedding for 



the stables; while all about it is a heavy growth of wood, 
has been its condition from the earliest tradition. 



This 







CHAPTER XVI. 

PHYSICIANS OF WHATELY. 

As I look upon the subject I am inclined to think that a 
good doctor is of more importance than a full fledged minister, 
even though he is dubbed a Doctor of Divinity. For many 
years it has seemed that the man of pills accomplished more 
than the tinkerer of theology. I suppose this is all according as 
we view these matters. Those who differ from me and still be- 
lieve that the claim they have always made that they have a 
divine call, are certainly entitled to the privilege of thinking as 
the}- do. I'.ut our kind-hearted, noble physician, who braves 
heat and cold, rain or snow, day or night, seemingly only desir- 
ous to relieve suflfering ; and perhaps at the dead of night com- 
pelled to leave his comfortable home and hasten to the bedside 
of the suffering, and with cheering and hopeful words strives to 
allay the fears of both patient and surrounding friends. He 
thus strengthens the courage of the sufferer, and then by the 
giving of some simple remedy great good results. Such ef- 
forts tell upo 1 us all; while of the other class, I only wish I 
could say something of them of a similar nature. 

Our first doctor was Perez Chapin. He was with us ten 
3'ears and left his mark upon our 3'oung town. He was con- 
stant in his efforts to help the cause of independence, as well as 
to cheer the hearts of the despondent or the sufferings of those 
who were really suffering from disease. When he came to 
Whately, in 1778, it was a dark time for the patriots, and his 
voice was often raised in words of encouragement ; thus he did 



289 

all that he could to help on the good cause. His first child was 
born in Whately in November, 177S. 

Dr. Benjamin Dickinson came from Sunderland in 17S7, 
and bought the Abial Bragg property, the present Calvin S. 
Loomis place, and remained here until 1S04, being quite promi- 
nent as a physician. He was born about 1740, and was about 
forty-five years old when he came to Whately. He remained 
here about seventeen years, so was about sixty-five to sixty-seven 
years old when he removed to Hudson, X. Y. During his stay 
in town a Dr. Oliver Norton came in 17SS, but left in 17S9. Of 
him I haven't even a tradition, and do not know where he came 
from or where he went. 

Dr. Francis Harwood came in 1794 at the age of thirty-one 
years. He had married his wife in Belchertown, and two chil- 
dren were born before they came here. He was a fine talker, 
of gentlemanly appearance; a smart, well-balanced man. He 
continued his practice till near the end of his life, 20 May. 1835, 
aged seventy-two years. He was a Free Mason. His oldest 
son, Joshua Dickinson Harwood, was educated for the profes- 
sion and practised with his father. He died in 1820, his habits 
not being favorable to longevity. 

Dr. Chester Bardwell came to Whately from Hatfield in 
1S16, and built his house on the corner of Chestnut Plain 
street and West lane, or Lover's lane. This street was 
laid after he had built, a couple of years or so. He 
continued to practice his profession until his death, 14 May, 
1864. He was a man that the town took a decided interest in, 
sending him three times to the House of Representatives, and 
twice the county made him their senator. He was a noble man. 

Dr. Miron Har^vood was a son of Dr. Francis. After graduat- 
ing from his medical schools he commenced practice in his na- 
tive town, and at once secured a fair practice. His pleasant 
address, his ability as a surgeon, the tender touch of his hands 
seeming to have a soothing effect on every one needing surgical 
assistance, as well as his success as a physician, made him ex- 
tremely popular. Our two long-life doctors, Harwood and Bard- 
well, are as yet honored names in our town. 

The next doctor was James Hannum. He came from 
Westfield about the time of Dr. Harwood's decease in 1877. 
He only stayed a little over a year, and was succeeded by Dr. 
James D. Seymour, in 1878. He is a son of Dr. Seymour of 
Greenfield. He has probably had a better preparatory practice 



290 

than any of his predecessors, and aside from his studies and tios- 
pital practice, has undoubtedly superior natural abilit}- to prac- 
tice his honored profession. On the whole, Whately is to be 
congratulated upon having had so many skillful physicians. 

BOATING ox THE CONNECTICUT RIVER. 

The portion of the boating which we more particularly 
wish to mention is in relation to those firms who owned the 
boats that our town was interested in. These were owned by 
Stockbridge, Culver & Co.. and later Stockbridge, Allen & 
Root. Mr. Stockbridge was of Whately, while Allen and Root 
were of Greenfield. They owned a large number of boats of 
a size to carry about fifty tons. These were generally rigged 
with a mast and carried one sail of a considerable size, and 
when the wind was southerly they came up the river at a ver%' 
pleasant rate of speed. 

The companies also owned several small steamers with a 
power sufficient to bring the loaded boats up the river. These 
steamers were made expressly for towing, with the wheel on the 
stern. The Ariel Cooley was a stern wheeler, ninety feet long 
and eighteen feet wide, with two high-pressure engines of 
twenty horse power each. This enableU the boats to make com - 
paratively quick trips. When other companies' boats offered 
they often towed them up. 

The work of boating usually commenced in the spring as 
:>oon as the water was low enough for the steamers to pass under 
the bridges between Northampton and Hadley. Sunderland and 
Deerfield. The boats, when I first became acquainted with 
thera, used to load and unload at Belden's ferry. About 1834 a 
dock or wharf was built directly east of David Stockbridge's 
new hotel ; a great improvement on the landing place at Bel- 
den's ierry. 

My father was engaged in the manufacture of stoneware 
pottery. The clay came from New Jersey and from Hartford by 
these river boats, and when two or three boat loads came at a 
time he would have twelve to fifteen teams at work drawing it 
to the factory, about three miles away. We usually kept a 
yoke of oxen to help up the hill, and a boy like myself to drive 
them, so I write from my own obsen-ation. 

Prior to the use of the steam tugs the boatmen, when the 
winds were not favorable, had to resort to what they called a 
"white ash breeze," meaning white ash poles about two inches 



2gr 

in diameter, nicely turned from the best of timber, with a socket 
spike at the lower end and a nice head on the upper end for the 
shoulder; these were from twelve to twenty feet in length. On 
each side of the boat was what they called the "wale." This 
was raised about three and one-half feet above the bottom of the 
boat, and was a walk some eighteen inches wide; so on the 
wale of the boat the men walked when poling the boat up the 
stream. I used to see two men on a side when poling the boat. 

Thev used to bring all the heavv lading from Hartford, 
landing it where it was most convenient for the merchant or 
manufacturer, and the return freights were made up of wood, 
shingles, staves, wooden ware and fine lumber, brooms and 
other manufactured material, hops, nuts, etc. They were taken 
on at the landing places, sometimes a boat would take down 
hundreds of dozens of brooms piled on top of the other heavy 
freight. In the latter half of the eighteenth century there were 
large quantities of beef in barrels sent on these river boats for 
shipment to the West Indies. This industn' furnished employ- 
ment for a good number of men, as the slaughtering and the 
coopering was all done at the Straits. Gad Smith was the 
leading spirit in the beef business. 

David Stockbridge had charge of all the boating interests 
in the section above Northampton to Greenfield, or Cheapside; 
and I will close this condensed account by giving the 
brief allusion of my life-long friend, Capt. Tim Dewey. He 
says: "I have many pleasant remembrances of Mr. Stock- 
bridge. His table was always well loaded with the best of fare; 
and this, with his open, pleasant countenance and relish for .i 
good joke, especially a boatman's joke, was a strong inducement 
to all of his men to reach Stdckbridge wharf in time for meals 
and, peradventure, to spend the night. He was very accommo- 
dating to all his customers and would make great sacrifices in 
order to take along their freight 'dy the next boat.' For this 
purpose the old white horse and gig would spin up and down 
the valley at a marvelous rate of speed at all times of day or 
night ; and yet while courteous, he was dignified and con- 
servative, commanding the respect of all." Mr. Stockbridge 
had an interest in boating and rafting as early as 1800, and per- 
haps earlier. If he came into possession of his father's interest, 
and this seems quite probable, he may have been engaged in 
boating even before his marriage." 



292 - 

INNKEEPERS, OR ORDINARY KEEPERS. 

Public inns for rest and refreshment are as old as civilized 
society. Some of the earliest laws passed by the Massachusetts 
Colony relate to this subject, and are here copied: "In 1634, 
3 Sept. It is ordered that no person that keeps an ordinary- shall 
take above 6d a meal for a person, and not above id for an ale 
quart of beer out of meal time, under the penalty of los for every 
offence, either of diet or beer. Tvike\Ait>e that victualers, or 
keepers of an ordinary, shall not suffer any tobacco to be taken 
in their houses, under the penalty of 5s for every offence, to be 
paid by the victualer, and i2d by the party that takes it." 
"1635, 4 March. It is ordered that no person whatsoever shall 
keep a common victualing house, without license from the court, 
under the penalty of 20s a week." "1638, 6 Sept.. The inn- 
keepers, or ordinary- keepers, shall have liberty to brew the beer 
which they sell in their houses, or to agree with the brewer as 
they can." 

The first settlers in the valley used great care in the selec- 
tion of their innkeepers. Men of high character — perhaps the 
oldest deacon, and only old men were chosen deacons then — 
were licensed to sell wine to persons "in real need." In March, 
167S, Samuel Partridge had liberty to sell liquors "to the neigh- 
bors," "for their helpfulness," first in Hadley, and after 16S5, 
in Hatfield. The county court always held its sessions at the 
inns; and it not only required good men to be licensed, but it 
required them to keep good liquors. In 1674, Nathaniel Ely, 
ordinary keeper at Springfield, was fined 40s "for not keeping 
beer that was according to law," made with four bushels of bar- 
ley malt to the hogshead. 

The laws forbidding the sale of strong waters of ever>' kind 
to the Indians, were strict, and were commonly enforced ; though 
sometimes the temptation to exchange six quarts of rum for a 
good beaver skin, or one quart for two fathoms of wampum, was 
more than a trader could resist. An illicit traffic was carried on 
with the natives, greatly to their injury and the injury- of the 
whites. And though Indian testimony was not commonly 
allowed in court, yet in this matter, the General Court in 
1666, ordered, that "If any Indian do accuse any person of 
telling or delivering strong drink unto them, such Indian 
accusation shall be accounted valid against any such persons 
accused." 



293 

In 1670 a law was passed enjoining the selectmen of towns 
to take special care and notice of all and every person, cr 
persons, that spend their time and estates by drinking and 
tippling in taverns and alehouses and require him or them to for- 
bear frequenting such houses or taverns; and if, after such 
warning, any person be legally convicted of drunkenness and 
misspending precious time and estate, he shall forfeit 5s for 
every offence, or sit in the stocks, as the judges shall see meet. 

"Wine and beer were the liquors first imported from England. 
Brandy was distilled from the wine ; and a strong liquor, called 
usquebaugh, was made from beer. Barbadoes rum, from the 
West Indies, came in use as early as 1650. New England rum, 
made from molasses, was in use about 1700. 

TAVERNS IN WHATELY. 

The first "baiting place" in town was "Poplar Spring," 
situated about forty rods north of the Zebina Bartlett place, 
on the Indian trail. Teamsters in going between Northampton 
and Deerfield, would take with them the feed for their cattle 
and lunch for themselves, and stop here for the noon rest and 
refreshment. 

Daniel Morton opened a house of entertainment for the 
emigrants on their way to settle the districts of Conway, soon 
after he built, in 1759, and kept a tavern for many years. 

John Lamson is named as an innkeeper in 1779. His house 
stood a little north of where Samuel Lesure now lives. John 
Crafts succeeded Mr. Lamson, probably in 1788. In 1789 he 
was taxed on "faculty," or income, 8d. He kept accounts with 
his regular customers by a chalk score; a long mark was his 
charge for a mug of flip, a short mark for half a mug. 

Samuel Grimes had an inn in connection with his store as 
early as 1798. 

Elijah Allis opened a tavern at the house opposite Reuben 
Winchell's brick dwelling house, in 181S; he afterwards kept 
tavern on the corner west of the old meeting-house. 

Gad Smith kept a house of entertainment, in connection 
with his store, in the Straits. He was in business as earh- as 
1779. His faculty tax in 17S9 was 4s. A few years later, Joel 
Waite, known far and near as "Landlord Waite," opened a 
tavern in the Straits, which was a noted stopping place for 
stages, when these public conveyances were first started. His 
faculty tax in 1789 was is 8d. 



294 

David Stockbridge, Jr., bought the David Graves place in 
the Straits, and opened a tavern, perhaps as ear^.y as 1803. He 
continued in the business here till 1833, when he opened a public 
house at his new stand, on the river road. 

As earh' as 1794 Joshua Belden opened a tavern at his 
dwelling house, which was continued by his sons for several 
years. 

In the west part ot the town. Lieut. Noah Bardwell kept a 
tavern at his house on the Poplar hill road. The records show 
that he was in the business from 17S3 to 1799. 

Charles Dickinson built and occupied the Oliver Graves 
place, in Christian lane, as a tavern from iSoj to 1S03. 

Deacon Simeon Waite built the house where Calvin S. 
Loomis now lives before or in 1764. This he opened as a hotel 
and sold spirituous liquors, like Samuel Partridge, to the neigh- 
bors "For their helpfulness" I suppose; by the mug or half 
mug, or rum by the quart or gallon. He and his son kept some 
groceries up to about 1785 or thereabouts. 

As Mr. Temple gave the list down to 182 1 we will continue 
it to the present time : 

Elijah Allis, 1S21 to 1S30; 

Levi Bush, Jr., 1S30 until 1841 ; 

Samuel Lesure, about two years ; 

Jehiel Barron, who died in 1846 ; 

Rufus Mosher, two or three years ; 

A Mr. Philips, one year ; 

Rufus Smith, perhaps one year; 

Loren Hayden, came in the spring of 1851; removed to 
South Deerfield 1856 ; 

Darius Stone, probably followed Hayden for two years ; 

Ralph Childs, I do not know how long, died 12 Dec.,. 1867 ; 

William Baker, for several years ; 

John C. Faulkner, two years ; 

E. F. Orcutt, several years; 

Martin Aldrich ; 

Michael Morrisey ; 

Edward Lyons ; 

Joshua F. King, a couple of years : 

Joseph LaChapelle ; 

Patrick Morrise}', Jr., 1898 to the present time. 
This is as near as I can recall the various landlords. 



295 

The second hotel that was opened by Capt. Luke Wells at 
the residence built by his father. Rev. Rufus Wells, about 1830 
to 1832. Capt. Wells was the first landlord, but he built over 
the ell part, adding several sleeping apartments and a large hall 
well adapted to the wants of the portion of our communit}- that 
didn't think it wicked to dance, and rented the hotel to Royal 
J. Bardwell, and he associated with him Lloyd Look and they 
kept the hotel for some years. They were followed by Silas 
Rice. 

In the meantime the upper hotel had passed into other hands 
and the sign "Temperance House," that had been used to de- 
note the principles of its occupants, was hauled down and liquors 
of all kinds were sold, and the lower house ceased to be a hotel. 

Now "The Old Homestead," a new hotel, has been opened 
this present year, undertaking to cater to the wants of out-of- 
town parties and city company. It is a nice, clean place, free 
from the crowd that too often hangs about a hotel. Mr. Fox 
fully understands its needs, and any party favoring him with a 
call will be treated in a courteous and gentlemanly manner by 
mine host and his assistants. 

UMBER AND SIEXNA. 

The following description of the locality and character of 
this ocherous ore of iron, is taken mainly from a statement of 
Prof. C. U. Shepard. '"These valuable pigments form a thin 
stratum, or bed, near the residence of Deacon Elihu Belden and 
cover about half an acre of ground. The deposit presents itself 
immediately below the turf, forming a somewhat irregular stra- 
tum, of from thirty inches to seven feet in thickness. The 
chemical character of the deposit, taken in connection with its 
geological position, leads me to believe that it originated in the 
out-flow at this place of a strong chalybeate, or iron spring. It 
contains from fifty to seventy per cent of iron. The natural 
colors of the unburnt material vary from the most intense ochre- 
yellow, through the paler shades of the same, into many varie- 
ties of red and clove-brown, including the much prized sienna- 
brown. Each of these colors may be obtained apart at the local- 
ity, by a careful working of the bed, while by blending them in 
different proportions, their number may be greatly augmented. 
This bed was discovered by accident upwards of fifty years ago, 
and was then prepared in a rude way and used to some extent 
for staining floors and plastered walls. It was rediscovered, 



296 

also by accident, in 1S64; and appears to need only skillful 
manipulation to become a valuable pigment for fresco painting 
and all the uses of the best Italian sienna." 

GALENA. . 

A vein of sulphuret of lead, which promises to be of some 
commercial value, exists in the west part of the town. Strictly 
speaking, there appears to be three distinct veins of this metal, 
but only two of them have been explored to any extent. One 
is found on the westerly margin of Poplar hill and extends into 
Conway ; the other is on the easterly side of Hog mountain, and 
may be traced for three-fourths of a mile. A cross vein has 
been discovered on land of Edwin Bard well. The usual width 
of the vein is from six to eight feet, traversing the granite for- 
mation, and is found disseminated in masses in quartz. In the 
southern part it contains oxide of manganese along with the 
galena. 

In 1S65, 30,000 pairs men's wool hose were manufactured, 
of the value of $14,000. In 1837, the value of the palm leaf hats 
made was ^7,500. 

POSTMASTERS IX WHATELY. 

A postoffice was established in Whately in 1S14, and Reuben 
Winchell was the first postmaster. He kept the office in his 
store. He had built the house where Peter Donovan now lives, 
and used the southeast room as a store and postoffice. The 
next postmaster was Elijah Allis ; at first the office was kept in 
the store in the house now owned by William Cahill. In 1820 
Mr. Allis built the Whately hotel, the postoffice being then 
kept in the barroom or office. 

In 1830 Levi Bush was appointed postmaster, and in 1841 
he was succeded b}' Samuel Lesure who occupied the office from 
that year, with the exception of four years that Dennis Dickin- 
son held the office, until his advanced age compelled his resig- 
nation, after which his daughter, Mrs. Samuel B. White, was 
appointed. She attended to the principal office work, while Mr. 
Lesure continued to pass out the mail, until his memory of faces 
and names seemed to fade away. Even,'one respected and 
honored him to the last. Mrs. White held the office nearly 
three years, and she was succeeded by Micajah Howes in 1892. 
The office is now at the store of Mr. Howes and his son, Ryland 
C. Howes ; an arrangement that is perfectly satisfactory to our 
people. 



297 

While at East Whately there has been quite a number hold- 
ing the position of postmaster, as will be seen by the appended 
list, some of whom were the nominal postmasters, while an 
assistant transacted the business. The first was David Stock- 
bridge, then Josiah Allis, Miles B. Morton, Caleb L. Thayer, 
Horace H. Hastings, Elihu Belden, L. L. Eaton, Eugene E. 
Woods, John H. Pease, Henn,' C. Ashcraft and now James A. 
Woods. 

Since Miles B. Morton the ofhce has been kept by the party 
who occupied the store near the railroad station, and as these 
have sold out they have recommended their successors without 
regard to their partizan affiliations. 

I want to add a few words relative to postage rates and the 
mail facilities of away back in my boyhood days, and back of 
that even. Prior to the establishment of a postoffice in Whately 
letters addressed to a party living in Whately, would be left at 
Northampton or Hatfield, and would be advertised in the Hamp- 
shire Gazette, and the owner would send for it and pay the post- 
age, unless it was prepaid, which was not often done. 

The rates charged, as I recall them, for a letter sent to a 
distance not exceeding thirty miles was six cents ; not exceed- 
ing eighty miles, ten cents; above eighty and not exceeding one 
hundred and fifty miles, twelve and one-half cents ; then from 
above one hundred and fifty miles and less than four hundred 
miles, eighteen and three-fourths cents ; and all above four hun- 
dred miles, twenty-five cents in our own country. This is in 
accord with my recollection, and as far as I recollect the bulk 
of the postage was paid by the recipient. Really there were 
but few letters passed between relatives and friends unless some- 
one was coming to our town or going from there to the place of 
residence of a relative, and many letters would be sent in that 
way, with long drawn out details of the local news. 

Newspapers were small, with little or no local news, and it 
was seldom that one was found in the mail bags. The mail, a 
weekly affair, went from Buckland to Northampton one day and 
back the next, and it was a large mail for our town when over 
ten or twelve letters were received for the week, and this was 
the way things went until about 1831. 

About 1S38 a line of stages, known as the telegraph line, 
carrying the daily mail from Springfield to Haverhill, N. H., 
was started. By the completion of the Great swamp road to 
South Deerfield in 1836, the grading of the hills through the 



298 

center of the town and the activity of such men as Col. R. B. 
Howard, Drs. Bardwelland Howard, Levi Bush, Thomas Crafts, 
Leander Clark and others the line was run through the center 
of the town, rela\'s of horses for ever\' ten miles enabling them 
to make ten miles an hour. 

Then about 1S3S we had a daily mail, and the greater part 
of the time since the building of the Connecticut River railroad 
we have had two mails a day. In the meantime prepayment of 
all postal matter is incumbent upon the sender. The wonderful 
increase in mail facilities and the reduction of the postal rates to 
two cents has a wonderful effect upon our community and it is 
now a necessity, as is the daily newspaper. All these things 
tend to broaden the views of men, make them social and 
humane ; they know what is occurring the wide world over. 
The influence educationally and the civilizing effects upon our 
people is above my ability to estimate. 

THE FIRST TEMPERANCE SOCIETY IN WHATELY. 

In 1 82 8 an auxiliary' temperance society was formed on the 
basis or plan of the Hampshire County Temperance Societ3\ 
They adopted the rules and articles of the county society, the 
third article being, "That the members of this association shall 
abstain from the use of ardent spirits except when rendered nec- 
essary as a medicine ; and they shall not allow the use of them 
in their families, nor provide them for the entertainment of our 
friends or for persons in our employment, and they shall use all 
suitable means to discountenance the use of them in the com- 
munity," "The stated meetings shall be held annually the last 
Tuesda}' of September, and other meetings as may be called by 
the executive committee." This is but an abstract of the really 
important portion of the pledge. 

The following are the names of the male members whose 
names are attached to it : 

Rev. Lemuel P. Bates, Jeremiah Belden, 

Stephen Clark, Moses H. Leonard, 

Jeremiah Waite, Samuel Lesure, 

Levi Bush, Jr., David Morton, 

David Saunders, Horace Frary, 

David Wells, Jr., Barnabas Alden, 

Amasa Lamson, Simeon Reed, 

Justus White, William Graves, 

Elijah L Leonard, Osee Munson, 



299 

Reuben Belden, Roswell Train, 

Benjamin Cooley. Chester Bardwell, 2d, 

Francis Belden, 

In all twenty-four men, and they are all dead. The ladies 
numbered ninety, all of whom are dead. 

The first temperance society was simply an individual 
pledge to abstain trom the use of intoxicating drinks as a bever- 
age and only to be used for medicinal purposes. Soon after the 
attempt was made to prevent its purchase by their neighbors 
unless at wholesale ; first the quantity must be five gallons, then 
fifteen gallons, and later they tried to prohibit altogether its sale 
and of course its use. These different enactments caused much 
discussion and not a little bad blood. 

About 1S41 the Washingtonian movement was commenced, 
and reached high-water mark in the course of the next two 
years, and probably three-fourths of the people of Whately 
entered into the movement to try moral arguments and appeals 
to young and old to refrain from the use of spirits; and the town 
was alive to respond to these sentiments. We were taught to 
help uplift the victims of the "rum habit" and to treat them as 
brothers. In a few years this boom died away, and they then 
fell back to the coercive principle again, and the old war of 
words was again inaugurated. A few joined the Sons of Tem- 
perance, some the Good Templars, but to join either they had 
to go to South Deerfield. 

Why the leaders did not do something to promote the cause 
of temperance in our midst is unaccountable. They seemed to 
think that the church was all sufficient as an instrument to pro- 
mote good social improvement and temperate living. Alas, for 
their mistake ! As a result we see the town uniformly voting 
"Yes" on the question of license. Most people learn by expe- 
rience that it is far better to rule by love than fear ; that concili- 
aton,' action often captures the obdurate when coercive measures 
fail. 

It seems strange that in so beautiful and healthful a town 
as my own native town, that any other than a temperate and 
moral community could be found within its borders; but I will 
not fill any space by my moralizing. 

It seems that now there are no organizations, at least so far 
as I know, outside of the Women's Christian Temperance asso- 
ciation. This is composed of many of the best and most efficient 



300 

workers in our town, fully alive and energetically pursuing their 
work which I certainly hope will accomplish much good. 

In regard to the men who joined the first society we will 
say that the bulk of them remained sturdy advocates of temper- 
ance during their lives. One was a hard arinker and died a sot ; 
two others keot a hotel and sold alcoholic drinks to all who 
wished, but on the whole they turned out pretty well. 

SOCIETY FOR THE AMELIORATION OF THE CONDITION 

OF THE JEWS. 

This was a name given to a society formed about 1S23, the 
object seemed to be for each person who joined the association to 
pa\- into the local treasury one cent per week, or fifty-two cents 
per annum, and this was paid over to the county treasurer and 
so on to the general treasurer of the state, but what disposition 
was then made of the funds I do not know. Neither do I know 
how many years this societ}' existed. 

It seems that Rev. Lemuel P. Bates was at the head of this 
organization, and forty-seven of his church members were on 
the roll for fifty-two cents each, only one giving anj' more; Jo- 
seph Sanderson doubled that sum. I have a full list of the 
names but do not care to copy them, as payments^for missionary 
purposes are not ven>- popular even to this day. 

There is an abundance of opportunities for doing good 
right in our midst without sending some good, strong man that 
would make a fair farmer or mechanic to some foreign land to be 
supported in idleness because he hat^ been to college where he 
added little but a smattering of Greek, Latin, or some other 
dead language to his stock of knowledge. Then they study 
theolog}', and it seems that the principal thing they learn is to 
avoid the penalty placed on man, that by the sweat of his brow 
he should earn his bread. There are still in most of our towns 
a few who bestow time and money for the support of these drones 
in society. 

MILITIA. 

After the close of the war with Great Britain in 1814, all 
males between the ages of eighteen and forty-five years had to 
do duty either in a uniformed independent or those enrolled men 
in what we used to call such ununiformed companies the 
"Floodwood militia." Every male citizen between the ages of 
eighteen and forty-five unless a cripple physically or mentally, 
or minister of the gospel, or a physician was compelled to do' 



-J 

53 
03 

r> 
> 

75 



■X. 

2i 

O 

3 




^6t 

military duty. That is was required when duly warned to meet 
at the time and place specified, with all the necessary equip- 
ments; that is a gun, bayonet, cartridge box, belt, two flints, 
priming wire and brush. If deficient in any of these things he 
was liable to a fine which was at once assessed upon him. They 
usually met for the May training at i o'clock, p. m., and their 
equipments examined, and then they were drilled in marching 
by company and platoon. The music was a fife, a snare drum 
and base drum. Some kept fair time with the music, and if 
they could all have been in one section they would have ap- 
peared pretty well. ' But alas, such a mess as they made of it! 
Then they always met for a day just before the general muster; 
this was usually held at Northampton and was a great occasion. 
This continued up to 1835, the year that I was old enough 
to be a soldier. At that time the whole thing was so unpopular 
that no one could be found to serve as an officer. James S. 
Whitney then of South Deerfield, I think was colonel of the reg- 
iment, and he appointed a day for meeting for the election of 
oflBcers — captain, lieutenant and ensign — and we were duly 
warned to appear and fill the vacancies ; and Col. Whitney pre- 
sided. The company met at the hotel of Capt. Luke Wells. 
We all knew Gen. Whitney, and when the company was formed 
in line, the general gave us his views in pretty plain English and 
the necessity of a proper effort to elect good efficient men that 
would reflect honor upon our company as well as the town; 
that he should not allow any acts of insubordination, etc., etc. 
Then the ballots were collected and a captain was elected, but 
he as promptly declined the honor ; then the votes were again 
cast and another one was chosen, and he also declined to serve, 
and so one after another was chosen, but no one was elected ex- 
cept those who it was well understood would not ser\'e ; and at 
last the presiding ofiicer was convinced that it was useless to 
continue his efforts any longer and he, after a few deprecatory 
remarks, gave the order, "Right about face," and then "For- 
VN'ard, march." We were on the west side of the main street 
which is ten rods wide, and near the east side of the street 
Capt. Wells had a long pile of manure some four or five rods 
long and probably three and one-half or four feet high, and when 
we reached that dizzy height the word "Halt" came, and then 
"You are dismissed." Now what a shout was heard, and for a 
time there was some prettv loud talk between the officer and the 
men. 



302 

That was the last of the training in Whately until after the 
close of the war, when those liable for duty in Williamsburg 
and Whately were ordered to meet and organize by choosing 
the needed ofhcers. They met at Kaydenville and elected a full 
complement of officers. Charles R. Crafts, a veteran soldier, 
was elected captain and properly commissioned They met a 
few times, but the whole thing fell through, the act being re- 
pealed, and since then militarism has been at a low ebb. 

POLITICAL PARTIES. 

Party spirit has alwa3's run pretty high, each partisan seem- 
ing to think, at any rate act, as though the welfare of the 
country hinged upon his individual action, and each party could 
only be satisfied as they succeeded in downing the other fellows, 
but much of the time it was "nip and tuck," sometimes one, 
then the other; and so, of course, the country was on the high 
road to success, or otherways ruin was imminent. 

The ordinary voter neither knew nor cared for anj' of the 
principles underlying our country's needs. They were simply 
true-blue Democrats or iron-clad Whigs. Both parties were 
opposed to the so-called Abolitionists, and the leac^ers did not 
mean to allow such disturbers of the peace as Parker Pillsbury, 
or any of that kind of lecturers to even speak in town, and they 
mobbed Mr. Pillsbury, using such convincing arguments as eggs 
that had been kept too long for other uses, and he had to make 
his escape as best he could to save life and limb. Persecution 
of this sort only fed the fires of the anti-slaver}' party. I could 
name the parties who thus determined to squelch free discus- 
sion, but I think it hardly necessary. 

The division of the parties usually carried the greater bulk 
of the family of that name, as the Allis families were Democrats 
so were the Crafts and Dickinson families, and the Whites up 
to 1840. The Sandersons, descendants from Isaac, were all 
Democrats, while descendants of Deacon Thomas were Federal- 
ists, then Whigs ; the Frary families always affiliated with the 
Feds and then the Whigs ; the Beldens about evenly divided ; 
the Harwoods, Feds then Whigs ; the Browns were divided, as 
were the Bardwells and Graves; and so they run, and so they 
fought as bittej ly as intense politicians could, even as to who 
should fill a town office. 

When the Abolitionists had secured some sixteen voters, 
all men of fine abilities who professed to be governed by high 



303 

moral influence and principles, they would unite with the Dem- 
ocrats, and thus be able to outnumber tbe Whigs by about two 
v^otes. 

In 1842 Thomas Xash, an intelligent anti-slaver\' man, was 
run by the Democrats and Abolitionists and Deacon Justus 
White, who had gone over in the Hard Cider campaign from 
the Democrats to the Whigs, was his opponent, and even.'one 
who could vote was on hand. The meeting was held at the old 
meeting-house I think, perhaps at the public house of Capt. 
Luke Wells, but most probably at the meeting-house. The 
motion was made and put "That we do not send a representa- 
tive this year," and was declared carried. The vote being 
doubted the house was polled, and the vote not to send was neg- 
atived by two or three majority ; then the voting commenced in 
earnest. 

Each party then had several of their leading men to chal- 
lenge and also to insist upon the right of the challenged to exer- 
cise the right of franchise, and such displays of oratory and of 
ability to handle legal questions, and such pungent thrusts at 
each other of opposing counsel was seldom excelled by the bar 
of legal antagonists. Well tho result was that Mr. Xash was 
elected, but his seat was contested by Deacon White, and the 
facts in the "case were obtained by a week's hearing at Whatels-. 
the Whigs employing Hon. George T. Davis to conduct their 
case, and a "young Methodist minister was engaged by Mr. Xash, 
and tbe people turned out en masse to attend the trial. Mr. 
Nash retained his seat. 

Now what a change has come over the political world. 
There are no such hidebound partisans to the right of one man 
to hold in bondage his fellow man whether he has a black skin 
or not. Everyone now is an anti-slavery man. 

Going back further we had questions raised that had their 
day and were then dropped out. Among those that I recall dis- 
tinctly was the anti-masonic raid, that was raised by the alleged 
abduction of Mr. Morgan. The excitement was intense, and I 
well recall the abusive language used against Masonry and 
against Masons. The threat was that if they didn't cease hold- 
ing their accursed conclaves the people would arise in their 
might, and if needful armed and equipped, and end their plot- 
ting to overthrow the liberties of the people. 

There were a number of Masons among our residents, who 
by their quiet and gentlemanly course, rather had a dampening 



304 

effect upon their hot-headed opponents, and here and there was 
found a crrnmon sense man who tried to pour oil on the troubled 
watc-rs. These won the sobriquet of "Jack Masons," and were 
roundly al)used by the anti-masons. 

Rev. John R. GoDdnough, pastor of the Baptist church at the 
west part of Whately , was told by his local associates of ministers 
that he must renounce his Masonry or stop preaching in their fel- 
lowship. This he utterly declined to do and said to them : "Gen- 
tlemen. I have hitherto acted independently, and with the ap- 
pro\-al of my conscience, and have never intentionally injured 
anv one. You can stop me from preaching if you will, but I 
shall never give up my membership in Masonry." His parish 
was against him, and he sought other business. From that 
time began the downfall of that church. It lingered for a time, 
but the withdrawal of such men as Jonathan Smith, Chester 
Brown, Deacon James Smith and others sealed its destiny. 

The election of Gen. Jackson as president, and his action 
in removing the deposits from the United States bank, and the 
fight for that moneyed institution was the commencement of a 
series of events that have, as I think, led up to the division of 
the two great parties on the questions of finance and the estab- 
lishing of monopolies and great trusts. Against these are 
arrayed the old Democratic party, and so the fight goes on. 

I think that I will close this political history by quoting 
verbatim one of the songs the Abolitionists used to sing at their 
gatherings, with a gusto that was very charming. It was fur- 
nished me by Rev. Mr. Pillsbury. It is a parody on an old- 
time hj'mn as it used to be sung by a full-voiced choir at negro 
meetings, as well as at gatherings at the north : 



Come saints and sinners hear me tell 

How pious priests whip Jack and Nell, 

And women buy and children sell, 

Then preach all sinners down to hell, 
And sing of heavenly union. 

They'll talk of Heaven and Christ's rewards, 
And bind his image with a cord, 

And scold and swing the lash abhorred, 
And sell their brother in the Lord 
To hand-guffed heavenly union, 



305 



They'll church you if you sip a dram, 
And damn you if you steal a lamb, 

Yet rob old Tony, Doll and Sam 

Of human rights, and bread and ham; 
Kidnappers' heavenly union. 

They'll raise tobacco, corn and rye, 

And drive and thieve and cheat and lie, 

And lay up treasures in the sky 

By making whip and cowskin fly, 

In hope of heavenly union. 

They'll crack old Sambo on the skull, 

And preach and roar like Bashan's bull 

Or braying ass of mischief full ; 

Then seize old Jacob by the wool 
And pull for heavenly union. 




CHAPTER XVII. 

COPY OF VALUATION BOOK FOR THE YEAR 181O, 
GIVING ALL THE NAMES TAXED. 



. 


Buihl- 


Mild 


Acres 


im. 


Hor- 


Ox- 




Reiluoefl 


P( 


)ns 


iii5?s 


Til'«e 


Piist'fe pt'd 


ses 


en 


Cows 


V.'iluatioii 


Atkins, Solomon, 


n 


2)4 


->4 


-K 




I 




2 


$ 60.34 


Atkins. Enoch, 


I 


'A 


iK 


ID 


3 


I 




2 


$20.38 


Allis, Daniel, 


I 


2 


8 


29 


35 


2 




5 


53-92 


Allis. Russell, 


I 


2 


6 


5 


20 


I 


2 


I 


33-04 


Allis, Elijah, 


I 


2 


21 


48 


51 


2 


2 


4 


70.98 


Allis, Daniel, Jr., 


I and money 


at interest 


, I 






13.20 


Bard well, Lt. Noah 


■'. 3 . 


2 


25 


60 


T I I 


3 


8 


ID 


204.09 


Bard well. Cotton, 


) with his father. 












Bardwell, Charles, 


2 


3 


4 


30 




2 


I 


3 


63.67 


Bardwell, Chester, 


I 


2 


9 


23 


2 


2 


I 


2 


42.41 


Bardwell, Orange, 


I 


2 


12 


5 




2 


2 


2 


37-78 


Bardwell, Asa, 


I 


2 


36 


6 


41 


2 




4 


59-77 


Belden. Jeremiah, 


I 


















Belden, Samuel, 


I 














I 


.90 


Belden, Joshua, | 


















/-> 


Belden. Elijah, ) 


I 


2 


12 


3 


^:!>2> 


2 




3 


30.80 


Belden, Reuben. 1 






















2 


4 


63 


28 


201 


■\ 




4 


180.92 


Belden, Aaron, j 




\^ 








\j 




F^ 


y 


Belden, Francis, 


I 


2 


32 


16 


57 


I 




2 


49-56 


Belden, Augustus, 




2 


15 




30 






I 




Belden, Elisha. 


r 


I 


10 


II 


20 


I 




I 


20.48 


Belden, Dickinson, 


I 


I 


ID 


II 


20 


I 




I 


19-85 



307 



Poi: 
Belden, Seth. 
Belden, Chester, 
Bacon, Philo, 
Bartlett, Zebina, 
Barnard, Ebenezer ] 
Barn'd, E'b'z'r, Jr. - 
Barnard, William, ) 

Cooley, Lemuel, 
Cooley, Benjamin, 
Coleman, Nathan'l, 
Crafts, John, 
Crafts, Seth, 

Crafts, Graves, ] 
Crafts, Israel, j 

Crafts, Benoni, ^ 
Crafts. Reuben, 
Crafts, Cotton. 
Crafts, Asa, 
Crafts, Joel K., 
Crafts, Thomas, 
Crafts, Rufus, 
Crafts, Elijah, 
Clark, Elisha, 
Clark, Reuben, 
Cutter, James, 
Dicki'son, Alph'us, 
D'k'son.Wd.Mary, 
Dickinson, Oliver, 
Dickinson, Charles, 
Dickinson, Moses, 
Dickinson, Jehu, 
Dick'son, Euiotus, 
Dick'son, Gideon, 
Dickinson, Dexter, 
Dickinson, Asa, 
Dickinson, Daniel, 
Dick'son, Gid'n, Jr., 
Frary, Thomas, 
Frary, Orange, 
Frar>', Capt. Eleazer 
Frary, Capt. Seth, 



Mowin, 
Builti- ;uiil 

d inf?d Til'^e 


Acres 
Piist're 


Un. 
imp 
pi-M 


Hor. 

ses 


ell 


Cows 


Rei1ucp<l 
Viiluiicioii 




2 


6' 




24 


I 




2 


$20.44 


2 


7 


10 


18 


2 






18. iS 




2 


I 




4 






I 


9.90 




4 


43 


40 


66 


3 


2 


6 


123.44 




2 


10 


-^ 
^ 


15 


1 




2 


23-41 


2 


24 


30 


1 12 


2 


2 


6 


I0S.07 




2 


f3 


22 


36 


I 


2 


-^ 




37.26 


■^ 
3 


2 
3/i 


T9 

r I 


29 


26 
16 


2 


2 


3 


122.34 




^ 


23 


18 


32 


I 


5 


5 


140.43 


I 


I 


9 


































I 


12 


6 


14 


2 




I 


3I-3S 




2. ^^2 


S 


8 


9 








13.26 




interest 


mone> 


, 








13-50 




interest 


mone\ 


, 








18.00 




■^ 

J 


32 


18 


ID 








37.68 




T 

J 


I 












14.60 




3 


18 


57 


75 


I 


2 


2 


79-63 




9 


12 


35 










25-50 




I 


13 


12 


35 








39-50 




I 


9 


14 


35 








25-50 




I 


9 


12 


35 








25-50 




2/2 


13 


20 


32 


3 


4 


4 


68.50 




^ 




15 


4 


2 


•y 
^ 


6 


28.53 




3 


34 


30 
IT 


70 


1 




2 
2 


6 
I 


129.70 
17.00 




I 


2 


I I 


6 





2 


I 


23.40 




I 


o 


I I 


6 




2 




23.40 




- 


2 


II 


6 




2 




23.40 






14 


5 


16 


I 






l8.22 




y-z 


8 








2 


2 


21.89 




2 


9 




I 


I 


2 


2 


15-46 




2 


42 


58 


53 


I 


2 


2 


109.18 



5o8 



Frary, Isaac, 2 



Mowlnff Un- 

Build- und Acres iiii- Ilor- 
ings Til'fje I'liwt're prM ser* 



<>x. Re.luced 

en Cows \"!ilii:ition 



I 



rran-, beth, Jr., 








16 




I 


Fran-, Dexter, 




I 




5 




r 


Frary, Maj. Phineas, 




3 


29 


1 10 


40 


■^ 

J 


Frar}', Silas, 




I 


2 






I 


Frary, Horace, 




I 


5 


I 






Frary, Phineas, Jr., 




I>2 


8 








Field, Zenas, 


3 





22 


36 


100 


2 


Gibbs, Paul, 













I 


Gunn, Dr. Luther, 












I 


Gray, Nathaniel, 




2 


9 


20 


9 




Gilbert, Josiah, 




2 


13 


13 


16 




Graves, David, 




15 


23 


30 






Graves, Moses, 


2 


3 


14 






2 


Graves, Levi, 


I 


I 


t5 


23 


30 


2 


Graves, Martin, 


2 


2 


26 


14 


46 


2 


Graves, Capt. Lucius, i 


I 


9 


5 


5 




Graves, Simeon, 


I 


I 


3-)<^ 


5 


5 




" Capt. Salmon, 


3 


3 


30 


34 


49 


3 


Graves, Dea. Oliver, 




12 


10 


2 






Graves, Oliver, Jr., 


I 


2 


14 


38 


37 


2 


Graves, Elijah, 


I 


I 


10 


II 


20 


I 


Graves, John, 1 
Graves, Justus, ) 


2 


2 


7 


35 




I 


Graves, Selah, 


2 


2 


8 


20 


60 


2 


Graves, William, 


T 




8 


15 


7 




Graves, Erastus, 


I 












Graves, Plyna, 


2 












Graves, Reuben, 


I 


2 


15 


20 


12 


3 


Graves. Israel, 


I 


2 










Graves, Perez, 


I 


I 


14 


7 






Murray, Hart, 


I 


2 


12 


13 


5 


I 


Hill, Joseph, 


2 


i^ 


14 


40 


20 




Hill, Moses, 


I 


14 


7 


20 


10 




Harwood, Dr. Fran's 


, 2 


3 


7 


30 


45, 


2 


Hastings, Nathaniel 


, I 


2 


7 


7 


/ 


I 


Hale, James, 


I 








1 




Hicks, Nathan, 


r 


I 




5 


4 


I 


Loomis, Jona. C, 


2 


money at interest. 




Loomis, Abner, 


I 













2 


$71-75 




20.34 




20.44 


5 


116 80 


2 


19.41 




12.50 


I 


16.50 


3 


80.15 


I 


14.40 




2.40 


2 


22.40 




20.82 




22.65 




45.68 


I 


44-03 


4 


63.86 




22.10 




38.50 


3 


63-50 




41.60 


6 


78.44 




41.58 


2 


42.60 


2 


55.42 




21.00 



2 


3 


39.54 


I 


I 


19.50 
25.10 




1 


32.10 
51.00 




3 


28.44 




2 


59.18 




I 


15.50 




r 


1.20 




I 


31.26 
18.00 



309 

Mowing Un- 

Builil- iinil Acre.s im- Hor- Ox- 
Polls in^s Til'gti Piist'ie prM ?e.-< en 

Marsh, Thomas, i 

Marsh, Isaac, i 

Morton, Daniel. 

Morton, Sam'l, G., 

Morton, Dea. Levi, 

Morton, Oliver, 

Morton, Simeon, 

Morton, Dexter, 

Morton, Reuben, 

Morton, Capt. Chas, 

Morton, Consider, 

Morton, Justin, 

Morton, Lewis, 

Moor, Otis, 

Moor, Lewis. 

Mather, Capt. W., 

Mather, Joseph, 

Mather, Samuel, 

Munson, Moses, 

Munson, Joel, 

Munson, Reuben, 

Mosher, Jacob, 

Orcutt, Stephen, 2 money at interest 2 

Parmeter, John, i i 3 2 ^ 

Parker, Benia'n, 

, . ■' 4 2 21 12 2 

and son Asa, 

Pratt, Capt. Amos, 23 4 8 33 2 

Pierce, Jonathan, i money at interest, 

iSash, Cotton, i i 10 

Rogers, Georee, ) . ^ 

Roiers, Danid, ) 2 2 12 34 36 i 2 4 44.67 

Ruddock, Justin, i 

Smith, Gad., Jr., r 

Smith, Bezaliel, 2 

Smith, Gad, i 

Smith, Joseph, i 

Smith Seth, | 
Smith, David, \ ^ 

Smith, Capt. Rufus, i 

Smith, Dea. James, i 



-> 


2 


20 


10 


74 


I 


I 


2 


21 


47 


3S 


I 


3 


6 


29 


60 


70 


2 


3 


3 


15 


ID 


10 


2 


I 


2 


20 


20 


40 


I 


r 


2 


7 


12 


17 


I 


I 








iS 


I 


I 




9 


15 






2 


3 


28 


50 


53 


2 


2 





22 


41 


37 


I 


1 




5 





4 


I 


I 












I 












'> 

J 


.5 


24 


9 


29 


2 


r 












; 


5 
















4 


1 1 


29 




I 


I 




7 






2 


3 


10 


26 


9 


2 


I 


I 











Cows 


Reduceil 
V;Uu;itioii 


I 


$ .90 


I 


.90 


2 


53-60 


4 


83.76 


5 


133-72 


2 


65-26 


I 


44-74 


3 


32.40 


4 


1S.16 




17.28 


4 


101.98 


3 


87.40 


I 


11-75 


I 


108.46 


I 


1. 14 


2 


44.09 


I 


16 44 





4S-93 


I 


1. 14 


2 


24.60 




2.40 




42.98 


r 


57-17 




18.00 




10.60 



16 


16 


So 


'J 




2 


3 


--, -q 


20 


— o 

/ - 


69 


2 




3 


94.20 


12 












28.00 


65 


6 


40 


I 


4 


6 


129.40 


13 


35 


82 


r 


2 


3 


60.85 


7 


1 1 


4 


I 




I 


75.30 



310 



Mowing Un- 

Buihl- iiiiil Acres iiii- Hor- 
Polls in;rs Til'ge Past're prM ses 



Ox- Reduced 

en Cows Valuation 



Scott, Benjamin, 

Scott. Consider, 

Scott, Lt. Abel, ) 
and son Abel, Jr,, j 

Scott, Selah, 

Scott, Israel, 

Sanderson. Elijah, 

Sanderson, Asa, 

Sanderson, Isaac, 

Sanderson, Luther 

Sanderson, Elijah, 2d 2 
" Maj. Thos., 
" Dea. Thos., 

Sanderson, Chester, 

Starks, John, 

Stockbridge, David, 

Stiles, Capt. Henry, 

Wright, Seth, 

Waite, Joel, ist, 

Waite, Joel, 2d, 

Waite, Joel, 3d, 

Waite, Aaron, 

Waite, Luke, 

Waite, Jeremiah, Sr., 

Waite, Nathan, 

Waite, Benjamin, 

Waite, Elihu, 

Waite, Calvin, 

Waite. Capt. Luther, 

Waite, Consider, 

Waite, Jonathan, 

Woods, Martin, 

Woods, Jonathan, 

Wing, William, 

Wells, Perez, 

Wells, Chester, 

Wells, Calvin, 

Wells, Israel, 

Wells, Thomas, 

Wells, Capt. Luke, 



4 


I 


I 


5 




I 






63-30 


I 


2 


9 


5 


12 






I 


14.80 


v3 


2 


62 


28 


72 


2 


3 


2 


129.53 


I 


2 


40 


38 


8 


2 


2 


2 


76.26 


I 


2 


44 


26 


30 


2 




I 


77.28 


I 


2 


44 


26 


30 


2 




I 


62.53 


2 





8 


17 


6 


r 




2 


77.28 


I 


•^ 
J 


14 


9 


10 






2 


35-30 


I 


2 




I 




I 




I 


11.64 


2 










I 




r 


11.32 


2 


2 


29 


20 


44 


2 




3 


80.66 


2 


5 


46 


30 
40 


214 


3 


4 


8 


271.96 
28.80 




2 




13 


5 


2 




2 


17.80 




6 


61 




18 


I 




4 


120.14 




2 


17 


15 


20 








43-58 




interest money 








I 


12.12 




2 


7 


22 


6 






I 


14.20 




3 


2S 




90 


2 




2 
I 


70.80 
.90 




I 


22 




1 1 








15-96 






30 




10 


2 




I 


18.90 




I 


9 


20 


25 




I 


3 


63.60 




I 


9 


20 


'25 




I 


3 


37-12 




2 


3 










2 


20.52 




2 


16 
20 


6 


26 




I 


3 
I 


29.48 
18.48 




20 










I 


I 


18.48 


3 


2 


18 


39 


20 




2 


4 


70.22 




4 


3 
4 


14 


18 






2 
2 


34-64 
4-48 




2 


10 


2 


13 


I 




3 


24.00 




and interest money 








15.00 




I 


I 








2 


2 


10.00 




I 


4 


8 


4 




6 




33-55 




I 


1 1 


8 


4 


r 






30-17 



311 

Jlowinsir Un- 

Builil- Mini Acro.H iiT). Hor- <)x- Reduced 

roll.-^ ings Til'i^'e I'lisc're prM :ies en Cows Valuation 

White, Capt. S., ) i 3 39 80 94 2 2 7 205.56 

and son, John, ) 2 2 21 69 70 2 2 6 

White, Salmon, Jr. I 

and son, Justus, ( ^ ^ 9 25 3 120.37 



231 2162 2795 3933 165 117 307 58,643.47 

Other cattle as enumerated 619. 

Sheep and swine not enumerated. 

Amount of reduced valuation, $8,643.47. 

If the reduced value was six per cent, the whole valuation 
was $146,058.50. 

The reduced valuation was then divided, giving to the Con- 
gregational church for taxation, $6,785.47. 

To the Baptist church for taxation, 1,858.00. 

Polls paid for state and county tax, $0.^2. 

Polls paid for minister's tax, $0.52. 

Polls paid for town tax, Sr 30. 

One dollar in town tax. So. 02. 

One dollar in minister's tax, $o.c)2 S-io. 

Number of acres set to residents, 8,890. 

Number of acres set to non-residents, 1,852,^:1. 

Of which, mowing and tillage to residents, 2,162 acres. 

Of pasturage, 2,795 acres. 

Of unimproved (wood land), 3,933 acres. 

Total number of acres taxed, io,-j4;^}{. 

Buildings, houses not specified as all buildings are together. 

The horses, 165. 

The oxen, 117. 

The cows, 307. 

The other stock cattle, 619. 

The number giving interest money, 20. 

Rev. Rufus Wells not taxed, and several aged men not 
taxed for the poll. 

The money at interest was mostly held by young men just 
come of age, and in order to exercise the right of suffrage some 
one would give them a note for a sum sufficient to enable them 
to vote. At that time politics ran pretty high and every young 
partisan's vote must be secured. I recollect of hearing old men 
tell who helped them with a note to enable them to vote. 



312 



COPY OF A CHECK LIST OF 

Allis, Dea. Russell, 

Elijah, 

Daniel. 

Stalham. 

Daniel, Jr., 

Osee . 
Anderson, Henry, 
Atkins, Solomon. 

Enoch, 

Henry, 
Bardwell. Lieut. Xoah, 

Cotton, 

Justin, 

Orange, 

Chester, 

Asa. 

Ebenezer, 
Barnard, Ebenezer, 

Ebenezer, Jr., 

William. 
Bartlett, Zebina, 

Samuel, 
Belden, Elisha, 

Dickinson, 

Seth, 
" Augustus, 

Francis, 
" Reuben, 
" Aaron, 
," Joshua, 
" Joseph, 

Chester, 
Brown, Lieut. John, 

Isaiah, 

Daniel, 
" Joseph, 
Chapman, Isaac, 
Clark, Peter, 
Coleman, Nathaniel, 
Cooley, Benjamin, 
" Lemuel, 



VOTERS IX WHATELV IN lSl6, 

Crafts, Thomas, 

Rufus, 

John, 

Asa. 

Cotton, 

Erastus, 

Seth, 

Graves, 

Israel, 

David, 

Moses, 
Cutter, James, 
Dickinson, xAlpheus, 

Charles, 

Oliver, 

Asa, 

Daniel, 

Giles, 

Dexter. 

Eurotus, 
Frary, Maj. Phineas, 
" Thomas, 
" Orange. 

Silas, 

Horace, 
" Phineas, Jr., 

Capt. Seth, 

Capt. Seth, Jr., 

Dexter, 
" Isaac, 

Asa, 
Field, Zenas, 

John, . 
Graves, Erastus, 

Oliver, Jr., 
" Moses, 

Levi, 

Martin, 
" Capt. Lucius, 

Linus, 
, Rowland, . 



313 



Graves, Capt. Salmon, 
Oliver, 
John, 
" Reuben, 

" Ensign Pliny, 

Charles, 
Salah, 
Spencer, 
William, 
Israel, 
Gerry, Stephen, 
Gray, Nathaniel. 
Grimes, Samuel, 
Gilbert, Josiah, 
Har^'ood, Dr. Francis, 
Dr. Joshua D., 
Col. Roderick B., 
Hastings, Nathan, 
Hill, Joseph, 

Ruggles, 
Jenney, Reuben, 
Loomis, Jonathan C 

William, 
Morton, Justus, 
Horace, 
David, 
Samuel G., 
" Lieut. Oliver, 
" Dea. Levi, 

" Simeon, 

" DeKter, 
Reuben, 
Consider, 
Charles, 
Arnold, 
Justin, 
" Sylvester, 

Marsh, Thomas, 

" Isaac, 
Mosher, Jacob, 
Mather, Capt. William, 
" Joseph, 



Munson, Moses, 

Reuben, 

Joel, 

John, 
Nichols, Daniel, 
Perry, Ira. 
Parker, Lieut. Asa, 

" Isaac, 

Pratt, Capt. Amos, 
Russell, Levi. 
Rogers, George, 

Daniel, 
Reed, Simeon, 
Ruddock, Edward, 
Smith, James, 

Bezaliel, 

Gad, 

Gad, Jr.. 

Horace, 

Seth, 

David, 

Justin, 

Capt. Rufus. 
Sanderson, Thomas, 

Silas, 

Eli, 
" Ensign Elijah, 

Asa, 

Asa, Jr.. 
" Isaac, 
Scott, Israel, 

Aretas, 

Benjamin, 

Lieut. Abel, 

Abel, Jr., 
" Ambrose, 

Selah, 
Stockbridge, David, Jr., 
Starks, John, 
Waite, Joel, ist, 

Joel, 2d, 

Luke, 



314 



Waite, Jeremiah, 
" Benjamin, 

Elihu. 

Calvin, 
" Consider, 

" Jonathan, 
" Lemuel, 
" James, 

Henry, 
" Thomas, 
\Vells, Perez, 

Luther, 



Wells, Calvin, 
Chester, 
Capt. Thomas, 
Lieut. Luke, 
" Israel, 
Winchell, Reuben, 
Warner, Luther, 
Woods, Martin, 

" Jonathan, 
White, John, 

Salmon, 
" Justus, 



In 



Rev. Rufus, 
all one hundred and ninety-five legal voters. 



A LIST OF NAMES. WHO IN l8l2 WERE ASSESSED BY THE 

TOW^N, AND THE AMOUNT PAID TO THE BAPTIST 

SOCIETY BY THE TOWN TREASURER, 

AND THE TAX OF EACH. 



Allis, Russell, 


$ -77 


Munson, Joel. 


$1.13 


Daniel, 


2.09 


Morton, Dexter, 


1.29 


Daniel, Jr., 


•94 


Reuben 




Osee. 


•37 


and Simon, 


1. 10 


Brown, Lieut. John, 


6.43 


Pratt, Capt. Amos, 


2.15 


Prescott, 


.87 


Rogers, Geo. and Daniel, 1.85 


Spencer, 


1.23 


Smith, Bezdid, 


1.80 


Isaiah, 


2.64 


Seth, 


2.95 


Daniel, 


1.45 


David, 


1. 10 


Bard well, Lieut. Noah, 


2.08 


Capt. Rufus, 


2.20 


Orange, 


1. 14 


Sanderson, Isaac, 


1.66 


Chester, 


1-45 


Waite, Joel, ist, 


.42 


Charles, 


1.79 


Joel, 3d, 


•53 


Cotton, 


2,07 


Obadiah, 


.90 


Justin, 


2.04 


Elihu, 


• 84 


Belden, Seth, 


.85 


Luther, 


.84 


Crafts, Elijah, 


.62 


Calvin, 


.68 


Cutter, James, 


•95 


Rufus, 


•47 


Chapman, Isaac, 


•44 


Consider, 


2.35 


Graves, John and Justin 


. 1-53 


" Jonathan, 


1.04 


Gerry, Stephen, 


•42 


Winchell, Reuben, 


.37 


Hill, Joseph, 


2.32 








Hill, Moses, 


1.20 


Total amount,* 


$61.81 


Munson, Moses, 


1.20 







315 

STATISTICS OF POPULATION, ETC.. FROM 1 77 1 TO 1 899, COM- 
PILED FROM THE CENSUS RETURNS. 

1771. Number of males over 16 years, 75 ; total population, 
estimated, 320. Number of dwelling houses, 40 ; number of 
families, 48. 

1776. Total white population, according to Colonial cen- 
sus, 410. 

1786. Number of males over 16 years, 141 ; total popula- 
tion, estimated, 544; number of dwelling houses, 68. 

1790. Number of males under 16, 199; over 16, 184; num- 
ber of females, 352 ; total, 735 ; number of dwelling houses, 
j2o; number of families, 130. 

1800. Total number of inhabitants, 773. 

Number of males, 433 ; number of females, 457 ; 



r8io. 


total, 890. 


1820. 


1830. 



Total number of inhabitants, 1,076. 

Number of males, 573 ; number of females, 538 ; 
total, 1,111. 

1840. Total number of inhabitants, 1,072 ; number of polls 
ratable, 291 ; number of polls not ratable, 19 ; number of dwell- 
ing houses, 168 ; number of barns, 160. 

1850. Total number of inhabitants. 1,129. 

i860. Number of males 544; number of females, ^J2>' 
total, 1,057; 2 females over 90; dwellings, 216; families, 227. 

1865. Number of males, 538; number of females. 474; 
total, 1,012; t female over lOo; dwellings, 222; families, 223. 

1870. Total number of inhabitants, 1,068. 

1890. Total number of inhabitants, 779. 

DEATHS. 

1 77 1 to '81, 70 ; 1 78 1 to '91, 64; 1 79 1 to 1 80 1, 92 ; 1 80 1 to 
'11, 107 ; 1811 to '21, 151 ; 1821 to '31, 165 ; 1831 to '41, 131 ; 
1841 to '51, 166; 1851 to '61, 209; 1S61 to '71, 198; 1871 to 
'81, 150; 1881 to '91, 163; 1891 to '99, 126; total for 128 years, 
1,982. Died under 5 years, 571 ; between 70 and 80 years, 
222; between 80 and 90 years, 175; between 90 and 100 years 
23; over 100 years, i. 

VALUATION, ACCORDING TO OFFICIAL RETURNS. 

1830, $206,858. 1840, $220,927. 1850, $438,772. i860, 
$624,902. 1865, $665,972. 1870, $802,511. 1882, $440,124. 



3i6 



SELECTMEN, FROM THE INCORPORATION OF THE 



John Waite, 1771 . 
Simeon Waite, 1771. 
Edward Brown, 1771. 
Philip Smith. 1771, '72. 
Salmon White, i77i-"75, '77, 

'78, '84-'S6, '90-'92, '94; 

14 years. 
Noah Wells, [772-'75, '78, 

'82, '83, '88; 8 years. 
David Scott, 1772. 
Elisha Frar}', 1772, '80. 
Thomas Sanderson, i773-'75, 

'77. '78, •83-'87, '89, '90, 

'92-'96, '98-1803. 'i2-'i7; 

29 years. 
Oliver Graves, 1776, '77. 
Joseph Belden, Jr., 1776, '77, 






'80, 



'90, 



John Smith, 1776, '77, 

'87-'89. 
Perez Chapin, 1780. 
Silas Smith, 17S1. 
Noah Bardwell, 1781, 

'91- '93- '96. 
David Graves, Jr., 1781, '82. 
Col. Josiah Allen, i783-'89, 

'9i-'93 ; 10 years. 
Maj. PhineasFrary, i794-'99, 

i8o3-'6, '9, 'i2-'i5; 15 

3'ears. 
Asa Sanderson, 1795, 1803- 

'5, '12, '13; 6 years. 
John White, 1795, '98-1800, 

'2-' 11; 14 years. 
Capt. Seth Frary, iSoo, 'i, 



4. 5, 14. 15 



vears. 



Levi Morton, 1801, '3. 
Bezaliel Smith, 1804, '5, '11. 
Gideon Dickinson, i8o6-'8, 
'10, '11. 



TOWN. 

8, '10, 



Zenas Field, 1807, 

•11, 'r6. 
Oliver Graves, Jr., 1809, '16, 

'18, '19. 
Capt. Rufus Smith, 181 1. 
Consider Morton, 1812, '13. 
Capt. Salmon Graves. 1812, 

'13- 
Oliver Morton, 1S14, '15, '16. 

Orange Bardwell, 1814, '15. 

Lemuel Waite, 18 16, '18. 

Isaac Frary, 1817, '19. 

Silas Frary, 181 7, '18, '20. 

Seth Smith, i8i9-'2i, '24- 

'27; 7 years. 
Thomas Crafts, i82o-'22, '25, 

'28, '30, '32-'36; II years. 
Capt. William Fay. i82i,'29. 
Charles Morton, 1822. 
Dea. James Smith, 1822. 
David Stockbridge, i823-'26, 

'28, '31, '40, '43; 8 years. 
Dea. Justus White, 1S23, '24, 

'31. 
Dexter Morton, 1823. 

Dr. Chester Bardwell, 1826. 
Calvin Wells, 1827, '35-'39. 

'45; 7 years. 
David Saunders, 1827. 
Daniel Brown, 1828, '29, '30, 

'45. 
Levi Bush, Jr., 1829. 

Capt. Luke Wells, 1830. 

Chester Brown, i83i-'36. '40, 

'41 ; 8 years. 

Luke B. White, 1832, '22,, 

'34' 
Hiram Smith, i837-'39, '46, 

'55, '61 ; 6 years. 



3i7 



J. C. Sanderson, 1S37, '44, 

'45. '49. 50; 5 years. 
Arnold Morton, 1S3S, '39, 

'43. '44, '57. '41 : 6 years. 
Dexter Crafts, 1840. 
Rufus Graves. 1841, '46, '61. 
Stalham Allis, 1841. 
Rodolphus Sanderson, 1842, 

4/ • 
Plyna Graves, 1842. 
Capt. Seth Bardwell. 1S42, 

'51- 
Lyman Dickinson, 1843, '44, 

''55. 
Daniel F. Morton, 1846. 

Thomas Waite, 1847, '49, 
'5O1 '52, '531 fi^^e years. 

Samuel B. White, i848-'50, 
'52, '53. '56, '57. '6i-'66, 
'68, .69; 15 years. 

John Field, 1S4S. 

Abel \V. Nash, 1S4S. 

Capt. Asa Parker, 1S51. 

Stephen Belden, 1852, '53, 

'59. 
Elliott C. Allis, 1854. 
Zebina W. Bartlett, 1854, 

'67. 
Isaac Frary, Jr., 1854. 

James M. Crafts, 1855. 

Rufus Dickinson, 1856, '57, 

'59, '69. 
J. W. C. Allis, 1856. '68, '69. 

Alonzo Crafts, 1857, '60, '62,- 

'64, '67; 6 years. 
Alfred Belden, 1S58. 
Dennis Dickinson, 1858. 
Edwin Bardwell, i858-'6o, 

'62-'67, '70, '71; II years. 
L. W. Hannum, i860, '61. 
Elihu Belden, 1S65. 
EliphasH. Wood, 1866. 



Harvey Moor, 1S68. 
Samuel Eesure, 1S70. 
Samuel C. Wood, 1S70, 
Elbridge G. Crafts, 1S71. 
David xVshcraft, 1 87 r . 
Silas W. Allis i872-'Si; 10 

years. 
Dennis Dickinson, 1872. 
Edwin Bardwell, 1872, '73, 

'79 : 14 years. 
Elbridge G. Crafts, 1873. 
Chester K. Waite, 1 874-' 78, 

5 years. 
Elliott C. Allis, 1874. 
Seth Bardwell, 1874, '75. 
Hiram Bardwell, 1877, '78, 

'80. 
Chester G. Crafts, i88i-'84; 

5 years. 
Elliott A. Warner, i88i-'85; 

5 years. 

Rufus M. Swift, 1S79, '84- 

'89, '91 ; 8 years. 
Salmon P. White, 18S0. 
William Barnard, 18S2, 'S3. 
Franklin D. Belden, 1886, 

'89; 4 years. 
Lyman A. Crafts, 1SS6, '89.' 

4 years. 
Frank Dickinson, 1890. 
David Ashcraft, 1890, '95; 

6 years. 

Charles E. Bardwell, 1890. 
Seth B. Crafts, 1S91-1900; 

9 years. 
Victor D. Bardwell, 1S92- 

'97: 5 years. 
Lemuel F. Graves, [897, '98. 
Willis F. Waite, 1897, '98, 

'99. 
George F. Pease, 1899. 



3i8 



TOWN CLERKS, FROM 1 77 1 TO TQOO. 



Salmon White, 1 771 -'79; S 

years. 
Dr. Perez Chapiii, 17S0, '81. 
Thomas Sanderson, i7S2-'S6, 

'Sq-'qS, jSoo, 'i ; 17 years. 
Col. Josiah Allis, 17S7. '88. 
Dr. Benj. Dickinson, 1799. 
William Mather, 1S02, '9, 

'12. ' 13 : 9 years. 
Elijah Allis, iSio, '11. 
Thomas Wells, 1S14. 
Luke Wells, 1815, '25; 11 

years. 
Edward Phelps, 1826. 
Chester Wells, 1827, '30. 



Martin Woods, 183 1, '32. 
Eurotus Morton, 1833, '34. 
Dr. Myron Hanvood, 1S35, 

'36, '38-'4i ; 6 years. 
Stalham Allis, 1837. 
Samuel Eesure, i842-'56, 

'6o-'7i ; 27 years. 
Dennis Dickinson, 1857, '58, 

'59. 
Samuel Lesure, iS72-'82: in 

all 37 years. 
Dr. James D. Seymour, 1882- 

'91 ; 9 years. 
George A. Elder, 1891-1900; 

9 vears. 



TOWN TREASURERS, FROM 1 77 1 TO 1900. 



Salmon White, i77i-"79; 8 

years. 
Dr. Perez Chapin, 17S0, '81. 
Thomas Sanderson, i7S2-'86, 

'92-1802. 
Josiah Allis, i787-'90. 
Elijah Smith, 1791. 
Bezaliel Smith, 1803. 
Solomon Adkins, Jr., 1804- 

'8, '15, '16. 
Jehu Dickinson, 1809-'! i. 
Samuel Grimes, 1S12, '13. 
William Mather, 1814. 
Oliver Morton, 1817, '18, '21, 



23- 



Lemuel Waite, 1819, '20. 
Luther Wells, 1822. 
Calvin Wells, i824-'2S. 
Col. Caleb Crafts, 1829. 
Leonard Loomis, 1830, '31, 

'33^ '45. '69; 5 years. 
Levi Bush, Jr., 1834, '35. 



Eurotus Morton, 1832, '36, 

'37- 
Charles D. Stockbridge. 1838, 

'40. 
Samuel B. White, i84i-'44. 

'48 ; 5 years. 
Elliott C. Allis, 1H41, '58, 

'63. '64. 
Franklin Graves, 1847, '52, 

'53- 
Rufus Graves, 1849. 

James M. Crafts, 1850, '61, 

'71. 
John White, 1851. 

Zebina Bartlett, 1855, '57, 

'59- 
Henry K. White, 1856, '59, 

■60. 
S. E. Allis, 1862. 
Horace B. Fox, 1865. 
Apollos Clary, 1866. 
E. H. Wood, 1867. 



319 



Edward C. Sanderson, 1868. 
Elbridge G. Crafts, 1870. 
James M. Crafts, 1872; in all 

5 years. 
Caleb L. Thayer, 1873. 
George D. Bartlett. 1874, '75. 
Perez M. Wells, 18 76- '78, 

'83, '84; 4 years. 
Horace B. Fox, 1S79. 



William Barnard, 1880, 'Si, 

'82 ; 3 years. 
Stalham E. Allis, 1885. 
Chester K. Waite, 1SS6, '87, 

'88, '89 ; 4 years. 
Micajah Howes, 1S90, "91, 

'92, '93, '94, '95 : 6 years. 
Ryland C. Howes, 1S96, '97, 

'98, '99 ; 4 years. 



ASSESSORS, FROM THE INCORPORATION' OF THE TOWN. 



Edward Brown, 1771. 
Philip Smith, 1771, '72. '95. 
Capt. Salmon White, 1771, 

'82, '84-'86, ^90, '92, '94; 

18 years. 
Elisha Frary, 1772. 
Thomas Sanderson, 1773- 

'74, '77-"79, 82, •84-'86, 

'89, '9i-'94, '99- 1800, '2, 

'12-' 14 ; 27 years. 
Israel Graves, i793-'96. 
Noah Wells. 1773, '74, '78, 

'79, '82, '83, '88. 
Benjamin Smith, 1775, '76. 
Oliver Graves, 1776. 
John Smith, i775-'77, '87, '89- 
Amos Marsh, 1780. 
Noah Bardwell, 1781, '87, 

'90, '91. '94-'96; 7 years. 
Joseph Belden, Jr., 1781, '83. 
Josiah Allis, i783-'93; roy'rs. 
Phineas Frary, 1794. '99- 

1802, '5; 7 years. 
Asa Marsh. Jr., 1796. 
John White, 1797, '98, i8or, 

Dr. Francis Harwood. 1797. 
William Mather, 1797-1S07, 

'g ; 12 years. 
Lemuel Wells, 1798. 
Jonathan Smith, Jr., i8o3-'o6. 



Seth Frary, 1S05. 
Asa Sanderson, 1S05, '13, 
Bezaliel Smith, 1S05. 
Elijah Allis, 1807-'! i. 
Isaac Frary, 1808, '10, "i 
Charles. Bardwell, 18 10, 
Thomas Crafts, 1812, '30. 
Orange Bardwell, 1S12, 
Thomas Wells, 1S13, '15- 

'26. 
Silas Frary, 18 14-*! 6. "19. 
Ebenezer Barnard, i''^i4. 
Dexter Morton, 1816, "19, 

'31- 
Chester Wells, 18 17, 'i.^, 

'27-'29. 

Seth Smith, 18 17, '18, 

'23, '28, '29, '32, '34. 
David Stockbridge, 1820. 
Daniel Brown, 1820, '25, 

'30. 
David Saunders, i82i-'25. 
Asa Dickinson, i'"^2i. 
Justus White, 1822. 
Edward Phelps, 1823, '24. 
Chester Brown. 1824. 
Charles Morton, 1826. 
Capt. William Fay, 1827, ' 
Elijah Sanderson, 1827. 
Arnold Morton, i82«. '29, 

'38. 



I. 
"i r. 

■13- 
"20, 



15- 
"21, 



:2, 



'26, 



I. 



'36. 



320 



Luke Wells, 1830. 

Eurotas Dickinson, 1831, "32, 



.•).■)• 



Abel W. Nash, 1832, "47. 
Asa Sanderson, Jr., 1833, '45. 
Rodolphus Sanderson, 1833, 

'35, "36, "39, '40, 45, '56; 7 

years. 
Dexter Crafts, 1834, "35. 
Col. Caleb Crafts, 1834. 
Capt. Seth Bardwell. 1835, 

'62. 
Thomas Waite, 1S36, '46. 
Calvin Wells, 1837, '38, 47. 
John C. Sanderson, 1837, '43, 

'57, "62 ; 4 years. 
Hiram Smith, i837-'39, '42, 

■48, "50, '51. '57; S years. 
Leonard Loomis, 1839, '40, 

"42. '59- 
Dennis Dickinson, 1840, "41, 

■43- 
Reuben Jenney, 1841. 
John B. Morton, 1841, '45. 
Alfred Belden, 1842, '54. 
Samuel Dickinson, 1843, '44. 
Justin R. Smith, 1844. 
Josiah Allis, 1844, '46. 
Samuel B. White, 1846, '61. 
Elliott C. Allis, 1847, '52. '53, 

'60. 
John L. Morton, 1848. 
Jabez Pease, 1848. 
Lewis Wells, 1849. 
Charles D. Stockbridge, 1849- 

"51, '60, '65, '66; 6 years. 
Franklin Graves, 1849. 
Rufus Graves, 1850, '51. 
Isaac Frary, Jr., 1852, '53. 
Zebina W. Bartlett, 1852, '53. 

'58. 
Porter Wells, 1854. 



E. S. Munson, 1854, '56. 
Aaron S. Stearns, 1855. 
William C. Smith, 1855, "60. 
Charles D. Crafts, 1855. 
Henr}- K. White. 1856, '57. 
L. W. Hannum, 1857. 
Harvey, Moor, 1858. 
George W. Crafts, 1858. '64. 
Edwin W. Warner, 1859. 
Dr. Chester Bardwell, i860, 

^63 ■ 
Paul W. Field, 1861, '64-'66, 

'70, '71. 
Samuel C. Wood, 1861. 
Edwin M. Belden, 1862. 
Eurotas Morton, 1863, '67, 

'68, '69. 
Alvin N. Claghorn. 1863, '64. 
Chester Bard well, Jr., 1863. 
James M. Crafts, 1865, '66, 

'71- 
Edward C. Sanderson, 1867, 

'68, '69, '71. 
Myron Brown, 1867, '68, '69. 
Chester K. Waite, 1870. 
Edwin C. Parker, 1870. 
James M. Crafts, 1872, '73, 

'80, '83, '84, '85; in all 9 

years. 
Paul W. Field, 1872, '73, '74, 

'77, '78, '81. '82, '83, '85, 

'86 ; 10 years. 
Edward C. Sanderson, 1872, 

'73. '77- '79. "81 ; 5 years. 
John Donovan, 1879, '81, '82; 

3 years. 
George W. Crafts, 1874, '75. 
George D. Bartlett, 1874. 
Albert Bartlett, 1875, '76. 
Erastus S. Munson, 1875. 
Rufus Dickinson, 1876. 
Hiram Eardwell, 1876. 



321 



Chester G. Crafts, 1877, '78. 

■80. 
Franklin D. Belden, 1884. 
George N. Smith, 1884. 
Edraoud B.' Crai1:s, 1885. 
William Cutler Smith, 1883, 

'86, '90. 
George R. Graves, [886, '87. 
Victor D. Bardwell, 1887, 

'88, '89, '90; 4 years. 
Edmond A. Belden, 1887, 

•88. 
George A. Elder. 1888, '89. 



■91. 



o> 



Warren P. Crafts. 1890, 
Arthur H. Jenney, 189 1. 
George F. Pease, 188 1, 

'93- 
Willis F. Waite, 1892, 

'94. '95. '96 ; 5 years. 
Michael J. Holloran. 1894, 

'95- '96, '97. "98, '99; 6 
years. 
Charles H. Waite, 1895, '96, 

'97. '98. '99; 5 years. 
Cooley B. Dickinson, 
'98, "99 ; 3 years. 



1897, 



93. 94; 5 years. 

REPRESENTATIVES TO THE GENERAL COURT- 



John Smith, 1783. 

Thomas Sanderson, 1784, 

1812, "13. ♦ 

Capt. Salmon White, 1785. 
Col. Josiah Allis, 1787, '88. 
Maj. Phineas Frar>-, 1805, "8, 

'to, '14. 
John White, 1825. 
Rev. L- p. Bates, 1829. 
David Stockbridge, 1830. 
Thomas Crafts, 1831 ; May 

and November. 
Capt. Luke Wells, 1832. 
Chester Brown, 1833. 
Leander Clark, 1834, '40. 
Calvin Wells. 1835. 
Asa Dickinson, i 36. 
Rodolphus Sanderson, 1837. 
Samuel B. White, 183S, 46. 



Elijah Allis, 1839. 
Thomas Nash, 1842. 
Jabez Pease, 1844. 
Dr. Chester Bardwell, 1847, 

'48,. '51- 
Deacon Justus White, 1849. 

Abel W. Nash, 1852. 

Josiah Allis, 1853. 

Edwin Bardwell, 1854. 

Hiram Smith, 1855. 

William H. Fuller, 1858, '59. 

h- W. Hannum, 1861. 

Capt. Seth Bardwell, 1864. 

Alfred Belden, 1868. 

Seth B. Crafts, 187 1. 

Eliphas H. Wood, 1875. 

Chester K. Waite, 1879. 

Silas W. Allis, 1882, '83. 

George A. Elder, 1892. 



DELEGATES TO CONSTITUTIONAL CONVENTIONS. 

Col. Josiah Allis was delegate to the convention to ratify the 
Federal constitution in 1788, and on the vote of acceptance, he 
voted "No." 

Deacon Thomas Sanderson was delegate to the convention 
to revise the constitution of Massachusetts, r820. 

Josiah Allis was delegate to the convention to revise the 
constitution in 1851. 



CHAPTER XVIII. 

STOCKADE. 

On page 6i of Temple's history is an account of the build- 
ing of the fort or stockade enclosing the premises of Deacon 
Joel Dickinson. Evidently Mr. Temple "was not properly in- 
formed as to its location, as it was not where the house of 
Calvin Wells stands. It is however true that it enclosed the 
buildings of Deacon Joel Dickinson which were near the south 
side of the farm. As I desired to obtain all the information I 
could in regard to the stockade I secured the services of Mr. 
Porter Wells, who was born on the farm in 1813, and then sev- 
enty-five years of age, and together we went to the spot where 
he said the old cellar hole was in his boyhood days and which is 
now discernable. He had helped his father plow in the cellar 
and helped to fill in the well within a couple of feet or such a 
matter, then he planted an apple tree in the upper portion of the 
well, filling good soil around the tree. 

He helped me to make the measurements which are as fol- 
lows : From the well to the east line of Chestnut Plain street, 
one hundred and nine feet; from the well to the east side of the 
cellar, thirty feet; from the well to the south line of the original 
farm, seventy-two feet. The house, long known as the Fergu- 
son house, was built by Asa Smith very near the north line of 
the lot bought of Rev. Rufus Wells. Since the place has been 
owned by other parties I think Eurotus Morton bought a strip, 
some thirty feet wide, to enable him to get around his buildings 
and also to make a better looking front yard. Mr. Wells 
assisted me in properly marking the site and gave me the privi- 



323 

lege of setting up a suitable stone as a monument to mark the 
site. Indeed, we worked together. He furnishing his oxen and 
stone boat to draw the stone to fill the excavation to place the 
monument upon, and George W. Moor came with horses and 
contributed the pedestal which he brought from his house, and 
then drew the yellow flint boulder from Spruce Hill road. Then 
this was suitably marked, ''Site of stockade, 1754-1S88." 

A meeting of the citizens of this and adjoining towns was 
held 19 Sept., 1S88, at the Town hall, presided over by Lyman 
A. Crafts, Esq. Addresses were made by Jamer> AI. Crafts, 
followed by Hon. George Sheldon of Deeriield, his topic being 
relative to the Indians of New England ; then they adjourned 
for a collation served in the vestry of the Congregational church. 
After reassembling sprightly speeches were made by Thaddeus 
Graves, Silas G. Hubbard, Daniel \V. Wells, Esqrs., and Rev. 
R. M. Wood, of Hatfield; Rev. Eugene M. Frary of Colraine, 
and Rev. W. C. Curtis of Whately. An excellent choir, under 
the leadership of Micajah Howes, furnished fine vocal music, 
and the Whately brass band also contributed largely to the 
success of the celebration. A large and enthusiastic audience 
filled the hall even to standing room. In every way the meet- 
ing was a success, largely due to the labors of the committee in 
charge. As all the expense attending this was borne by Mr. 
Crafts, he now says, "That on account of its success the citizens 
kindly passed in their money to an extent that nearly equaled 
the expenditure, without solicitation. The first dollar came 
from that public-spirited man, E. F. Orcutt, while others over- 
whelmed by the success, even against many expressed doubts, 
gathered about the writer and thanked hira for what had been 
done and nailed their thanks by financial assistance towards the 
expenses." 

The remarks by Mr. Crafts were published and we will give 
a short extract: "In attempting to give a historical sketch of 
the early settlement of this town we are met at the outset with 
the difficulty of finding documentary material from which we 
can weave our history. Our only resource is to draw upon 
the memorj* of aged individuals who. in the days gone by, have 
heard the fathers relate the story of their trials and their perse- 
vering efforts to overcome the difficulties that lay thick in their 
pathway. It was not simply the taking up of new land, build- 
ing houses and barns in peace and security; all about him was 
to be found the hostile Indian, waiting and watching for an 



324 

opportunity to steal upon him and secure his scalp, and thus 
add to the list of such bloody trophies that ornamented his dis- 
tant wigwam. 

"To secure our hardy ancestry from harm we find that forts 
and stockades weie erected. War was almost continuous be- 
tween France and England and this, of course, opened the flood 
gates of war between their dependencies. Canada and New 
England. The last of these wars was from 1754 to 1763, and 
our little settlement cast about for some means of safety and de- 
fense. In 1754 it was determined to build a stockade about the 
buildings of Deacon Dickinson. This was done, probably under 
the direction of Col. Israel Williams of Hatfield, then in com- 
mand of the Hampshire county troops, who was experienced in 
the construction of means of defense against the attacks of the 
Indians, and it is claimed that while he directed, the citizens of 
Hatfield assisted our people in the construction of the stockade. 
The stockade is supposed to have surrounded from one-half to 
three-fourths of an acre of ground. It was built of hewed logs 
set firmly in the ground and securely fastened on the inside by 
stout poles fastened bj- substantial pins so that no single post 
could be removed. In times of alarm or danger the families 
fled to the stockade. Here their cows and other stock were 
brought and kept until the danger was over. I have heard old 
Great-aunt Martha Crafts say that she had lived in the fort for 
two weeks at a time and helped to milk the cows. She was 
born 28 May, 1748, and died 28 August, 1836, and would have 
been fourteen years old before the war was over. Her memory 
of the fort was full and perfect, and from her I learned much. 
'Why,' she said, 'Our cows, horses and pigs were all there and 
those of the other neighbors.' My father, born in 1781, had 
often heard all the details of life in the fort, and Uncle Perez 
Wells, a Revolutionary^ soldier, and many otheis from whom we 
gathered much of the information that we have obtained. 

"There was another stockade about the house of Joseph 
Belden that stood where now is what we call Bartlett's Corner. 
Of its size I have no knowledge, but it was large enough to 
afford protection for the families of Benjamin Scott, Josiah 
Scott, Jr., David Graves, Elisha Smith, John Waite and any 
others liWng near, with their stock. Each family while in the 
fort appeared to have a domicile of their own and, notwithstand- 
ing the danger, the young people had great times together." 



-?'> 



5 



COPY OF OLD LETTERS. 

We give here a letter written by Lieutenant Abel Scott of 
Whately, while in the Revolutionar}^ army, to his ''betrothed 
sweetheart." Miss Martha Graves, a daughter of David Graves, 
Jr., of Whately: 

Irvington. N. Y.. 15 Oct., 1780. 

•'I having a opertunity, I cannot forbear riting to let you 
know that I through the goodness of god, I am well as I hope 
these lines will find you and the rest of friends and acquainteces. 
Sept. the 6th I reseived about ten of the clock at night a letter 
from you which was pleasant and was ven.' good to hear from 
you for it came very unexpected to me sent there and for the 
notis that you had in writing. I am ver\- much obliged to you 
for it aspeshally for that branch of doing my duty. Your cor- 
shon is good, but needless. And as for news we have a plenty 
concerning the afares of the enemy, but that don't concern you 
very much, but I will give you a few hints of the afare of Sept. 
the twenty-six. General Arnnl deserted to the enemy and the 
agedant general of the british army came out as a Spy and he is 
in our hands at present, and a Capt. of the same tropes is with 
him. And so no more concerning the enemy. 

"But for the afare of the flesh pleasing life we have fruit, 
apples and peaches very good, and good sider, but the best of 
all are the duck gates are very plenty so that there (here are a 
few words that I can't decipher). Graves Crafts desires to be 
remembered to you and all the rest that inquire after him aspa- 
shilly to Joan and tell her that he cannot forget her how that 
he did in old times. The hole that went from Whately sends 
their complyments to you and all the rest that inquire after 
them, aspeshally to the girls. So no more at present. 

I remain your well wisher, 

ABEL SCOTT. 

I desire to be remembered to Mr. Eleazer Frary and to his 
frow, and let them know that I am well." 

I have a letter written by Paul Belden, who was in Capt. 
John Burke's company, expedition to Canada, 1759, one hun- 
dred and forty years ago : 

Camp at Albany, May 29, 1759. 

loving brother and sister after my love to you and your 
children hoppin thes lynes will find you in good helth as tha 
leav me through the goodness of God and some of our men have 



326 

gon up the mohork river cutten. And when we shall march 
from this place we dont no. We have mete a noufe and that is 
STOod some butter and rise todav and thare wasaman shot to 
deth for desartion which was a orfful site to se. And I would 
ha\'e you remember me en your prays that god wold cep me 
from all danger and return me en safety to my frinds and 
quantans agan. 

And I reman \-our loovin Brother and well Wisher 

PAUIv BELDING. 

(his hand) 

ESCAPE OF SERGEANT O'COXXELL. 

Among the soldiers in the 27th Regt of Infantry were a 
number of Whately boys, prominent among them Bartholomew 
O'Connell. He was killed at the battle of Southwest Creek, 8 
March, 1865, while in conjmand of his company, being then the 
ranking sergeant. The commissioned officers were either 
wounded or away on detached service. Bartie, as we all knew 
him, was a bright, scholarly boy and a general favorite in 
Whately. 

He was taken prisoner at Drury's Bluff in Virginia, in 
1863. The prisoners were placed in a freight car and started 
for Andersonville, Ga. After they left Augusta, Ga., Sunday, 
29 May, 1863, Sergt. O'Connell set to work with others to cut a 
hole through the bottom of the car with the view of escaping. 
There was a guard of three confederate soldiers in the car, but 
a number stood up so as to screen them from the view of the 
guard and they worked diligently. They succeeded in getting 
the hole large enough to let a man through when they stopped. 
Three of them slipped out and escaped to the woods, his com- 
panions being Corporal Brizee and Private Taylor. The plan 
they first formed was to strike north towards Nashville, Tenn., 
distant fully 350 miles. They traveled nights and la}- concealed 
da^'s. They were fed by the black men who would not take a 
cent from them, but were only too glad to help them. It was 
May 29th when they escaped and June 16 they reached the 
coast and were taken on board of one of our gun-boats, "The 
Winona," and taken to Port Royal, S. C, where they were 
cared for by Admiral Dahlgren and b\^ him sent to Philadelphia, 
and through the kindness of friends were enabled to reach their 
homes. We have the history of their escape from Bartie, and 
Corporal Brizee furnished an account to the historian of the 
regiment. 



327 

Among his Whately companions were Andrew M. Weth- 
erell, brought up by Elbridge G. Cx-afts. He died at Anderson- 
ville 20 Aug., 1864, aged twenty-five years; and Patrick Mur- 
phy, a fine young Irishman, who worked for the writer. When 
my son, Irving B. Crafts, and Andrew M. Wetherell enlisted 
Pat said "If the boys are going I'll go too." Hedied at Ander- 
sonville 16 March, 1865. 

TsTO other of Whately's soldiers died at Andersonville. viz., 
John Brown, Jr.. who was in the 57th Regt., taken prisoner and 
died 12 Oct., 1864, leaving a widow and two or three children. 
He was born in Whately in 1820 ; and Edgar Howard Field, 
an adopted son of Paul W. Field, who was in the jjtli Regt.. 
captured at the battle of the Wilderness 6 May, 1S64, died 15 
Aug., 1864. My son, Irving B., was discharged for disability 
in 1863 and so escaped this imprisonment as he was in the 
same company the bulk of whom were captured. 

THE GREAT SWAMP DRAIN. 

The Great and General Court authorized Governor Hutch- 
inson to appoint a board of commissioners to take charge of the 
work of constructing the great drain and apportion the tax on 
the proprietors of the land benefitted in the so-called Great 
Swamp in Hatfield and Deerfield. (The drain extended into 
that part of Deerfield that was annexed to Whately. ) 

The first rate or tax made bore date 21 Aug , 1770. From 
the size of the tax it is presumed but little had been done before 
this date. We find the amount assessed to one of the proprie- 
tors, Nathaniel Hawks, 21 Aug , 1770, was i^ 9s 5d if : at a 
subsequent time, to wit, 12 xApril, 1774, 6£ is gd 2f. This he 
refused to pay and the collector, John Waite of Whately, levied 
on nine acres of land west of the road by the Barnard place, 
being lot No. 8 now held by Noah Dickinson's heirs. The col- 
lector made a lease of this lot for nine hundred and ninety-nine 
years to Capt. Oliver Shattuck, the said Shattuck yielding and 
paying therefor to the said Hawks "One pepper corn" annuall}' 
as the rental for the same. 

It is not known that anything further was done on the drain 
after 1774 until 1795, this time under authority of the state of 
Massachusetts. At this time the old drain was cleaned out. 
enlarged and new lateral ones opened. The commissioners for 
this last work were Gad Smith, Gideon Dickinson and William 
Tryon of South Deerfield, the work being finished 12 Sept., 
1799. I will copy an account from their books: Martin Graves 



328 

is credited for labor done in Great Swamp Drain, by clearing out 

g2-'i rods at Sd. ^3 is lod 
7S rods at gd, 2 18 06 
44, rods at 3 ^4 d 1 2 i o 

^6 13s 2d 

We have the names of Da\'id Graves, Reuben Crafts, Lieut. 
Zebadiah Graves, Azoniah Cooley, 'Squire Cooley, Eliakim 
Ames. Capt. Abner Cooley, Lieut. Elihu McCall. Rev. Rufus 
Wells, Perez \\'ells, Samuel Marsh. James Hale, Eber AUis. 
Elisha Belden. Asa Bardwell, Benjamin Parker, Moses Crafts, 
Graves and Seth Crafts and twelve or fifteen others who all 
worked and earned from one pound to six or eight pounds. 
The number of rods dug was 3,810^4, or 11 miles, 29034, rods, 
making a cost in all of ;/^i58 i8s 3d, the average cost per rod 
being a trifle over ten pence. Probably ^he owners of the land 
were allowed to work out their proportion of the tax. There 
were many branch drains. These facts are gained from the 
book kept by the commissioners and are deemed perfectly reli- 
able. I have an extended copy of their account. 

The section of land still known as Great swamp extends 
into Hatfield, through Whately into South Deerfield, about 
four miles north and south, and before it was drained from 
about fifty rods to near a mile in width. What is now known 
as the North swamp, above Christian lane, was the widest and 
furnished much the largest amount of water. This was mostly 
carried off by what we call Little river. The South Great 
swamp had its outlet near Egypt road, and it crosses Claverack 
road, and the hills on each side have always been known as 
Great swamp hills. The drain enters Mill river, near the Hat- 
field line, on the Gad Crafts farm. 



CHAPTER XIX. 

CENTENNIAL CELEBRATION. 

A meeting- of the citizens of Whately was held May i, 1871, 
to take some action relative to the celebration of the centennial 
of our town ; Capt. Seth Bardwell presided, and Levi Ford was 
secretary. It was voted unanimously "That we observe the 
town's centennial anniversary on the Fourth of July next." It 
was voted to choose a committee of twelve, two from each school 
district, to solicit funds and make all necessary arrangements for 
the celebration, and the following persons were chosen as the 
committee : 

Southwest district, Capt. Seth Bardwell and Edwin Bardwell ; 
Northwest district, David Scott" and Hiram Bardwell; 
North centre district, Elon C. Sanderson and Walter Crafts; 
South centre district, Francis G. Bardwell and James M. Crafts; 
Southeast district, Elihu Belden and Charles F. Pease; 
Northeast district, Edward C. Sanderson and Silas White Allis. 

At a subsequent time the committee organized by choosing 
Capt. Seth Bardwell chairman and Elon C. Sanderson as secre- 
tary. Voted. "To raise by subscription S500 to pay the neces- 
sary expenses of the celebration," and the following sub-com- 
mittees and officers were appointed : 
Treasurer. Dennis Dickinson; 
Committee on correspondence. James M. Crafts; 
Committee on location, Edward C. Sanderson, Walter Crafts^ 

Francis G. Bardwell ; 
Committee on music, Edwin Bardwell, Capt. Seth. Bardwell, 

Walter Crafts ; 



330 

President of the day, Elihu Belden, Esq. ; 

^'ice presidents, James M. Crafts, John Chapman Sanderson, 

Esqs. ; 
Chief marshal, Capt. Seth Bardwell ; 

Assistant marshals, Lieut. Henr\- Brown, Francis G. Bardwell; 
Toast masters, Rev. J. W. Lane, William H. Fuller, Esq. 

The committee on selection of a suitable place for the hold- 
ing- of the gathering reported that the beautiful maple grove on 
the farm of Seth B. Crafts could be had, and their report was 
accepted by the committee. This is on the original Thomas 
Crafts farm (the writer's great-grandfather), where he settled in 
1 75 1. It was, and still is, a beautiful location. Great interest 
was manifested by our people, and from the first success was 
assured. 

The day was beautiful and the crowd of people that surged 
into the fine, shady grounds was in ever}^ way gratifying to all 
that had labored so constantly to make it a success. .Descend- 
ants of many families were present to add something to the glad- 
some time. We had the pleasure of meeting and greeting 
friends from Vermont, New Hampshire, Connecticut, New York, 
New Jersey, Ohio, Illinois, Michigan and Canada. The neigh- 
boring towns furnished many hundreds ot interested visitors, all 
intent upon listening to the many interesting as well as eloquent 
speeches that were made. 

A large platform was erected for the speakers and invited 
guests, and seats were arranged for about three thousand peo- 
ple. The aged people, who were present in large numbers, had 
reserved seats directly in front of the speakers. There were 
some present who had passed their four score and ten years. 
The large audience was regaled with lemonade and a substan- 
tial collation, with more than twelve baskets left. Indeed, the 
whole thing was a success. 

We would be pleased to present many of the speeches, as 
well as the beautiful poem written by Rev. Rufus P. Wells, but 
our limit forbids, so we will only reproduce the opening speech 
by Elihu Belden, Esq. This was preceded by the singing of 
America by the entire audience led by the bands, and a prayer 
by Rev. John W. Lane. Then Esquire Belden gave the open- 
ing address of welcome : 

"LADIES AND GENTLEMEN: 

It has fallen upon me as a representative of the descendants 
of one of the earliest .settlers in this town, and in behalf of its 



331 

citizens, to extend to you to-day our kindly greetings ; and I 
assure you that I but express the feelings of all our hearts when 
I bid you a cordial welcome. We welcome you to the old 
homesteads and all that is left to remind you of bygone years. 
We welcome you to our firesides and all that is new. We wel- 
come you to the festivities and associations of this our hundredth 
birthday. 

Some feelings of sadness will mingle with our joys on an 
occasion like this, as we look around and miss familiar faces; 
as we recall the past, which returns not, and recount the perils 
and hardships of our ancestors, when these now pleasant fields 
and meadows were almost a wilderness. And yet we come as 
dutiful children, with our votive offerings of affectionate remem- 
brance. And there is a special fitness, which I need not take 
pains to set forth at length, that we, their descendants, should 
gather ourselves together on this centennial anniversary of the 
incorporation of the town, to testify our admiration of their vir- 
tues, to review the scenes and deeds of their eventful lives, and 
unite in commemoration services, which may transmit their 
names to the generations yet to come who will occupy the places 
now allotted to us. 

We can speak with pride and gratitude of those great-grand- 
fathers and great-grandmothers, those grandfathers and grand- 
mothers, those fathers and mothers, who toiled and struggled 
for us; who dared the onsets of savage warfare, endured the 
privations of frontier life and made any required sacrifices in 
order to secure for us the inheritance we now enjoy. 

We welcome with feelings of peculiar interest those who 
were once our citizens or children of our citizens, who have 
come from the more distant parts of our land and from the 
Queen's dominions, to keep jubilee with us to-day. We extend 
to you the right hand of fellowship ; we receive you with a 
happy greeting, and rejoice that your prosperity in your new 
homes has not extinguished your interest in your old native 
town. 

We welcome the citizens of Hatfield, and are especially 
glad that our mother town has not forgotten us, and we hope to 
prove to you that we are proud of the relationship. 

We welcome the citizens of Williamsburg, our sister town, 
"Twinned at a birth." 

We welcome all who share with us common memories and 
kindred blood. 



■ 332 

May God grant that the impressions received here to-day 
from our rehearsals of the past, our common offerings upon the 
old home altars and our rekindled hopes may but strengthen 
the cords that bind us together and make us better friends, 
neighbors and citizens. 

But it is not well for me (even if I could) to occupy more of 
your time. We have those present who are capable of holding 
your silent attention at their will, and whose words of wisdom 
you are waiting to hear." 







CHAPTER XX. 



SECRET ORDERS. 

There has been for many years a few of our citizens con- 
nected with orders of Free Masons and likewise of the Odd Fel- 
lows, and I deem it of sufficient importance to give, so far as I 
can, the names of such members as I can recall as belonging to 
either of these orders. First, we will give those of the Free and 
Accepted Masons, and as far as I can, will give the year they 
were initiated : 



Peter Clark, 1796, 
Asa Frary, rst, 1797, 
Elijah Allis. 1797, 
Selah Munson, rSoi, 
David Stockbridge, 1800, 
Zebina Bartlett, 
Capt. Salmon Graves, 
Deacon James Smith, 
Rev. John R. Goodnough, 
Chester Brown, 
Jonathan Smith, iSiS, 
Austin Allis, 
Dr. Richard Emmons, 
Elijah Sanderson, 
David Sanderson, 
Dr. Francis Harwood, 
Hubbard S. Allis, 1S46, 
Martin Crafts. 1843, 
Justin R. Smith, 1866, 



James M. Crafts, 1S69, 
Thomas S. Dickinson, 
Myron Brown, Nov., 1S70, 
William H. Fuller, 
W. I. Fox, 
Albert S. Fox, 
Miles B. Morton, 
Euther W. Clark, 
C. H. Stockbridge, 
Edwin T. Smith, 
Joseph L. Smith, 
John C. Faulkner, 
Dr. J. D. Seymour, 
Rev. E. B. Fairchild, 
William B. Orcutt. 
W. W. Sanderson, 
Freeman A. Crafts, 
Charles E. Crafts, 
George E. Sanderson, 



334 

Dwiglit L. Dickinson, iS66, \'ictor D. Bardwell. 

L. L. Eaton, rS6S, 

During the excitement growing out of the alleged abduc- 
tion of William Morgan. Jerusalem lodge at Northampton, 
thousrh it did not surrender its charter, vet in accord with the 
demands of the Anti-masonic party, suspended its meetings at 
Northampton, yet the members continued to hold meetings, in 
connection with their brethren from Greenfield and adjoining 
towns, at \Miately at the hotel of David Stockbridge in his hall, 
where the insignia painted on the walls is still visible. This 
was soon noised abroad, and then they had a commodious room 
fitted up in the two-story house of Capt. Salmon Graves, on the 
site of the present house of C. A. Graves. I have seen both of 
these places of meeting, and there is also similar insignia on 
these walls. After the excitement had in a great measure 
abated the various lodges were reopened and, for a wonder, are 
very popular, and the Connecticut river still flows on as 
peacefully as of >-ore. 

In consequence of the violent and unreasonable opposition 
raised to Masonry Rev. John R. Goodnough, pastor of the Bap- 
tist church in Whately-, was compelled to renounce Masonry or 
leave the fellowship of the churches, and he decided to retain 
his connection with the Masons and his personal independence. 

The Independent Order of Odd Fellows organized lodges at 
Greenfield and Northampton. Nonotuck, No. 6i, was insti- 
tuted in Northampton, ii March ,1845; Pocomptuck, No. 67, 
perhaps two years later; Alethian, No. 128, 13 Sept., 1848, 
at Shelburne Falls. 

These lodges became at once popular and quite a number 
of our citizens joined them, mostly Nonotuck, No. 61. I will 
give a list of the names, as fully as I can, of Whately citizens : 

Col. R. B. Harwood, "1 George W. Moore, 

Samuel Lesure, I Rufus M. Swift, 

Josiah Allis, | ^j| Samuel C. Wood, 

Samuel B. White, r before George E. Wood, 

E. H. Woods, I 1847. Micajah Howes, 

J. R. Smith, ! Ryland C. Howes, 

James M. Crafts, J Charles A. Coville, 

Edwin Bardwell, Leander F. Crafts, 

Paul W. Field, Charles R. Crafts, 

Salma \Y . Field, Edmund B. Crafts, 

Charles H. Field, Henry S. Higgins, 



335 

Charles E. Bardwell, John C. Field, 

Hiram Bardwell, Nelson H. Damon, 

Edgar M. Bardwell, Selah Smith Graves, 

Lyman A. Munson, Hubbard S. Allis, 1S41. 
Henrv J. Hoar, 

REMINISCENCES. 

Sometimes the memory of old times will impress me with 
some curious scenes that used to occur in the old meeting-house 
at Whately, and I seem to see clearly the old-time faces that 
were then so familiar to me. As I think over these incidents I 
seem to live over again the scenes that then impressed them- 
selves upon my mind. Seventy-four years ago I was a bo>" of 
eight years of age and my parents, having great confidence in 
me that I should behave myself properly, allowed me to occupy 
a seat in their pew in the gallery, but didn't want me to sit be- 
hind the singers, as it was called, where a good many mischiev- 
ous young men and boys congregated. 

Then people, old and young, went to meeting forenoon and 
afternoon and often at five o'clock unless the day was extremely 
unpleasant. In warm weather the boys went barefoot and the 
men, if they took a coat, carried it on their arm often not put- 
ting it on during the day. Wagons were not as plentiful as 
now and many walked two or three miles, carrying their shoes 
and stockings in their hands until they were near the meeting- 
house, and when going home they would take them- off again 
and walk home barefoot. 

But what we have to relate has to do with some of the 
scenes enacted in the church. The singers' seats comprised a 
double row of seats on three sides of the gallery. The singers 
occupied the east side of the gallery facing the pulpit, while the 
other seats on the south side were filled with young men and 
boys, and the north side by young ladies and girls. It is need- 
less to say that various flirtations were in progress between the 
boys and girls, to say nothing of laughing and giggling, snap- 
ping apple seeds and throw-ing apple cores and other missiles. 
If they failed to reach across the 30-foot space they would fall 
upon the older people on the ground floor. To keep order 
among the young bloods of both sexes one or more tything 
men were among the singers. The particular one of which I 
shall speak was Deacon James Smith, a really pleasant man, 
but he fully understood his business. He was a large man of 



33^ 

over two hundred pounds avoirdupois, with long, bushy ej-^e- 
brows and sharp eyes that would faixly flash when with his 
great hand he would rap on the counter with a force that was 
easily heard all over the house, and with a scowl on his face, he 
would point at the disturbers who would most generally sub- 
side. If not, he would march in among them and by his pres- 
ence overawe the mischief makers. I well recollect one Sun- 
day, the latter part of September, some seven or eight tough, 
roistering young fellows occupied the pew adjoining the one 
where I sat. To reach our pew one step up was needed and 
the next one two steps up, fully eighteen inches. These boys 
had been down into Parsons Wells' orchard and filled their 
pockets with apples and when the ser\'ices commenced they be- 
gan to munch the apples and "whiz" would go a core 
across to the girls on the north side of the gallery. They had 
taken off the door to the pew and had laid a board across in 
front from the sides of the seats. This they had weakened so 
that it wouldn't bear the weight of an ordinary-sized man for a 
purpose. They laughed, whispered and threw the apple cores, 
all the more lively as the deacon's rapping became louder. At 
last the deacon arose and came with thunderous tread and 
mounted into the pew, and every eye was on him to see what 
would happen. He had straddled over the board and plunked 
himself down ; the board broke and he fell backward into the 
aisle, striking on his head and shoulders, making things jar. 
His fall caused much laughter, but not dismayed he regained 
his feet and marched into that pew, the boj^s making a seat for 
him, even without his demanding it. Everybody laughed, and 
even the good old dominie could with difl5culty restrain an out- 
burst at the grotesque figure cut by the pious old deacon, but 
you may safely bet your last sixpence that you never saw a pen 
of lambs that were any more quiet than were these fun-loving 

chaps. 

Tything men were endowed with constabulary powers, and 

at an earlier day used to be armed with a pole four or five feet 

long, with some feathers tied on one end, and when one of the 

tired old ladies fell asleep and was making too much noise in 

her open-mouthed respirations, the tything man would use the 

feather end to tickle her face and thus awaken her, and the 

other end was used to arouse some old man if he snored too 

loud. 

Jeremiah Waite, an uncle of mine, was chosen to the high 

position of a tything man of Whately. He had Levi Graves 



337 

arrested for using these wicked and profane words following, 
that is to say : "God damn you, to the great displeasure of 
Almighty God, against good morals and good manners, against 
the peace of the said Commonwealth, contrary to the form of 
the statute in such cases made and provided," dated at Whately 
13 April, 1826. Two days later he was arrested and arraigned 
for the crime. The trial was held and the aforesaid Levi 
Graves was acquitted. 

A few vears before this, while good old Nathaniel Coleman 
and his excellent wife were seated on the back oi his faithful, 
old black mare, going to meeting, it seems that Jacob Mosher, 
the cooper, was drawing some water and the pole turning on the 
pin made a loud< screeching noise. This so shocked their pious 
sensibilities that he went to see Benjamin Cooley, the tything 
man, and ordered him to notify Mr. Mosher that if he didn't 
grease his well sweep and stop that unearthly noise he would 
have him arrested. Suffice it to say that a ladder was procured 
and the ofifending well sweep was duly aniiointed. 

CEMETERIES. 

These cemeteries were early located in Whately. That in 
the center of the town is on the west side of Chestnut Plain 
street at or near the top of Gutter hill. Most of the land is 
measurably free from stone and is of a light gravelly soil, while 
the north part is underlaid with stiff clay which is retentive of 
moisture. This is more particularly true of the northeast 
corner which has now been underdrained with tile and is 
largely available for the purposes of burial. This has been en- 
larged by the addition of land purchased from the farm of Ches- 
ter K. Waite and son at two different times. These additions 
have been made by .private enterprise by parties who desired a 
lot for family use. 

The town has made liberal appropriations for the fencing 
and care of cemeteries, and chooses a set of commissioners to 
keep the grounds in order. This dates back somewhere near 
1880, as near as I can estimate it. Quite a number of our citi- 
zens in this way get excellent lots. About 1S75 Rev. John W. 
Lane commenced agitating the subject of arranging the ground 
by setting over very many of the headstones so as to conform to 
plans of the ground furnishing suitable walks between the head- 
stones, thus giving easy access to every part of the older portion 
of the grounds where it seemed as though everyone only cared 



33S 

for one's own self. Great credit is due to Mr. Lane for his ad- 
mirable work in this cemetery. It had the effect to induce the 
town to do what they have since done under the leadership of 
Leander F. Crafts, who is the sexton as well as the chairman of 
the board of commissioners. Mr. Crafts fully understands the 
subject of improxnng the grounds. Since the work done by 
Mr. Lane, verj- many costly monuments have been placed in 
the cemetery. 

The Eastern cemetery is located on the south side of the 
road leading from the Straits to the River road, just at the top 
of Hopewell hill, and east from Bartlett's corners. For some 
years Mr. David Ashcraft has had the control of this cemetery, 
and under his able super\-ision the grounds have always had a 
cleanlv, tidv look, showing that thev have been well cared for. 
The soil is easil}' handled, wholl}' free from .stone, dr}- and well 
adapted to the purpose for which it is used, and the small sum 
appropriated by the town serves, with the assistance of the good 
people, to keep it in a creditable condition. Probably the first 
one buried here was Joseph Sanderson whose headstone is dated 
20 March, 1772. 

The Western cemetery is on the east side of Poplar Hill 
road south of the Isaiah Brown farm. This too is a well kept 
ground. It is largeh- free from stone and boulders, easy of dig- 
ging and dry. It shows intelligent care of its grounds, and is 
in evidence that the monej' furnished by the town for its care is 
used to good advantage. The oldest headstone is that of Cla- 
rissa Bardwell, a daughter of Lieut. Noah Bardwell, who died 
15 Dec, 1776. It has been claimed that Miss Charity Brown, 
who died 24 Nov., t8oo, aged forty years, was the first adult 
person buried there. This can't be true, as Mrs. Ezra Turner 
died 7 Jan., 1777, aged thirty-five years, Peter Train 21 Jan., 
1793, and full}' seven or eight others before Miss Brown. 

The oldest grave in the Central cemetery is that of Esther 
(Bardwell), wife of Daniel Morton, who died 27 Oct., 1762, 
while the oldest headstone is that of Jemima, wife of Captain 
Lucius Allis, who died 9 June, 1S64. 

We can but commend the liberality of the town hot only 
for the present care of the grounds of all the cemeteries, but for 
providing a good, substantial tomb for the use of the whole town 
during the severities of our winters, and affording a suitable 
hearse and biers for the accommodation of our people in giving 
suitable service for the burial of our dead. 



339 

The first hearse was given to the town in 1S24 by the heirs 
of Deacon Thomas Sanderson. This Deacon Sanderson had 
ordered, but he died before its completion. 

LONGEVITY. 

In looking over the list of marriages where the couple had 
lived together over fifty years we find the following: 

Allis, Elijah and Electa, 59 years ; 

Allis, Deacon Russell and Sarah, 57 

Bacon, Benjamin and Rebecca, 61 

Bardwell, Lieut. Noah and Lucy, 60 

Bardwell, Spencer and Sophia, 60 

Bardwell, Ebenezer and Sarah Tute, 58 

Bartlett, Zebina and Demis, 59 

Belden, Joseph and Margaret, 5'S 

Brown, Edward and Hannah, 62 

Brown, George and Almira, 63 

Chauncey. Richard and Elizabeth, 61 

Crafts, Thomas and Sarah, 61 

Crafts, Thomas and Mehitable, 57 

Dickinson, Eurotus and Sarah, 68 

Dickinson, Jehu and Eleanor, 54 

Dickinson, Abner and Sarah, 62 

Frary, Isaac and Sarah, 59 

Graves, David Sr. and Abigail, 61 

Graves, David Jr. and Mary, 50 

Graves, Matthew and Hannah, 53 

Graves, Deacon Oliver and Rebecca, 56 

Graves, Oliver Jr. and Abigail, 58 

Graves, Spencer and Lura, - 54 

Graves, Edward and Elizabeth, 56 

Graves, Lyman and Electa, 58 

Lesure, Samuel and Lucy, 55 

Loomis, J. C. and Electa, 54 

Mather, Capt. Benjamin and Abigail, 54 

Morton, Justin and Esther, 67 

Morton, Consider and Mercy, 64 

Morton, Randall and Crissa A., 59 

Morton, Joel and Violet, 53 

Munson, Reuben and Sibyl, . 60 

Robinson, Hiram and Sophia, 53 



340 

Scott, Phineas and Rhoda, 
Smith, Elisha and Sarah, 
Smith, Bezaliel and Levinia, 
Stiles, Capt. Henr\' and Ruth, 
Waite, John and Harriet, 
Wells, Perez and Elizabeth, 
Wells, Calvin and Thankful, 
White, Capt. Salmon and Marj^ 
Wood, E. H. and Sarah, 



67 years ; 

57 
50 

65 
60 

65 
57 
55 
61 



In all forty-seven couples with some who came to town and 
whose dates of marriage we did not obtain. Mr. Temple only 
mentioned three couples. 

WOLF KILLED. 

In I So I Reuben Crafts and two other hunters killed a wolf 
towards the south-west part of Whately . It had been heralded for 
some days that a wolf was thought to be about in this region. 
The snow was very deep, but they brought the old rascal to the 
center and exhibited it at the store of Lemuel and Justus Clark 
which stood where now is the garden of Porter Wells, south ot 
his house. The hunters received a bounty of ten dollars. 




CHAPTER XXI. 

I regret very much that the following beautiful article, de- 
scriptive of the Glen, could not have been received earlier, but 
as the printing has progressed while we have waited, so we 
assign it to the best place that is at our disposal, and we are 
only too glad to give our readers the beautiful article by our 
noble townswoman. Miss Laura A. Sanderson, the gifted poet 
of Indian Hill. 

WHAT ELY. 

She lies across fair lengths of meadow land, 
And on the hills where earth and heaven meet 

She lays her head — while like a gleaming band 
The river moves majestic at her feet. 

No stored wealth is hers, no world-wide fame — 
And yet she holds our hearts where'er we roam ; 

And prince of comrades, whatso'er his name, 
Who says in greeting, "Whately is my home." 

Situated on the western slope of the Connecticut Valley 
about two miles north of Whately village, is a broad plateau 
midway up the mountain side, which is known as Indian Hill. 
The point of its location, opposite the abrupt termination of the 
Pocumtuck range, renders the view unsurpassed. It includes 
the great lake basin whose outlet was the narrow pass between 
Mt. Tom and Mt. Holyoke. while across the meadow and be- 
yond the intervening band of the Great Swamp woods runs the 
old Indian trail from the fort of Umpanchala, at Hatfield, to 
Sugar Loaf or Mt. Wequomps. It was to the broad level of 



342 

this western plateau and the mountain solitudes above, that the 
Indians, crowded from their valley hunting grounds, made their 
last camp. The Roaring brook swarmed with trout and the 
heavily timbered heights were a natural game preser\'e which 
amply supplied their simple needs. 

Into this sylvan solitude the white man came, and in the 
mouth of the gorge where the brook first flashes into the sun- 
lighi he built a rude mill, catching the rushing waters in a little 
lake upon whose ancient bed the city now enjoys its lunch at 
the picnic tables, l^he site of the dwelling house hard-by is 
still noticeable. Here came the settlers on horse-back or in 
their rude farm wagons, bringing the grain of their own raising ; 
ai:d the Indians brought their scanty harvest also aud begged 
srrain of the kind-hearted miller. 

In later years a dam was laid across the stream farther 
down, and a saw and gristmill under one roof were built. The 
old-fashioned up-and-down saw was a wonder in its day and 
played a prominent part in furnishing lumber for the houses of 
those early times. Hidden in a hollow of the hills, the roaring, 
hurrying brook became a tranquil lake over whose grassy banks 
the trees leaned to watch their own reflection in its crystal 
depths. At its outlet the escaping waters ran their course 
through the racewav of the mill. The noisv stream was well 
known to the Sanderson children who played in its clear waters 
on scorching summer days and went fishing in the spring and 
fall. They called it "up the brook." But the beauty of the 
place, with its grandeur of primeval forest whose mighty mon- 
archs stretched their giant arms high over the long vista of 
foaming waters, remained unnoticed. 

In 1836 there came to the town and was installed as pastor 
of the little band of worshipers, the Rev. John Ferguson, a 
strong and noble character, with the burr of Scotland upon his 
tongue and the love of nature and nature's God in his heart. 
"Priest" Ferguson his people called him, and his wise, forceful 
and witty sayings are still remembered. The picture.sque scen- 
ery of our rocky township was a reminder of his boyhood home 
in far-off Berwickshire. The drive over Chestnut mountain and 
the view from Dickinson's hill and the Old Oak were favorites 
of his, and he was not long in discovering the roaring brook 
with its wild and rugged surroundings for which he conceived a 
deep and ardent admiration. He came again and again, bring- 
ing his friends to enjoy the place, and it was he who first named 
it "The Glen." 



343 . 

One of his daughters, ^Irs. Margaret Allen, was the hero- 
ine of an almost fatal accident during one of these excursions. 
While crossing the stream on the trunk of a fallen pine that 
bridged the chasm, she slipped and fell upon the jagged rocks 
below, escaping death as by a miracle. To reach the roadway 
by following the brookside path was an impossibility, and by 
almost superhuman exertion her senseless form was carried up 
the precipitous bank, and she lives to tell the story to her chil- 
dren's children who come from afar to visit the place and recall 
its memories. 

There are tragic tales too, of the old Conway road, where 
just below Staddle hill a plain black headstone is inscribed : 
"Killed on this spot by being throw-n from a wagon. Philo Bacon, 
July, 1825." It was right against these ledges that the bruised 
and lifeless body of the sturdy farmer was found. 

One summer evening in the long ago, the family at the old 
homestead heard the sound of a wagon lumbering along up the 
hill and creaking past the house ; but they did not know that 
the driver was dozing on the seat, nor that slow-going faithful 
Dobbin had taken the old mill road and was wandering further 
and further out of the way; past the tidy tiers of lumber; 
past the piles of slab-wood and the gristmill door; past the 
log-wav of the mill ; on a little further vet, over the bank 
and down into the brimming pond. The horse, snorting and 
terrified, turned instinctively in an effort to gain the shore, and 
the luckless driver, wakened from a sound sleep by the over- 
turning of the wagon, bewildered by the darkness and unable 
to swim, struggled helplessly beyond his depth and sunk to rise 
no more. The astonished miller found the horse the next morn- 
ing, and suspecting the truth, drained the pond and recovered 
the body. 

In later times tragedy has given place to comedy, and 
many the luckless one who has dried his garments over a broil- 
ing fire on a hot July day, or gone home clad in make-shift 
habiliments. It is recorded that several parties of girls who 
went wading in the water above the upper falls, found their 
shoes wholly unwearable and were forced to return past the pic- 
nic grounds in barefoot procession, to the undisguised delight 
of the camera fiend who happened to be^llong. 

While occasional visitors sought the place, no effort was 
made to render its delights accessible to the world at large until 
i860, when Whately church installed as pastor a worthy sue- 



344 

cesser to the godh' men who had held the ofEce before him. 
In full vigor of mind and body, with a keen perception oi artis- 
tic values and a broad and comprehensive grasp on all practical 
problems. Rev. John W. Lane was ready at all times to minister 
not only to the spiritual, but to the material needs of the town. 
In one of his numerous pedestrian trips he followed the course 
of the rushing stream over the slippery- boulders and moss- 
grown ledges into the depth and solitude of the silent forest, 
and was charmed with the quiet beauty of the scene. He sought 
to improve the place by clearing the path of brushwood and the 
falls from its accumulation of debris, and being mindful of the 
welfare of others in this as in all other things, he from time to 
time persuaded photographers to visit the place and secure views. 
These pictures given by him to many people and oftered for sale 
by photographers at different places, caused the Glen to become 
widely known and thus brought it to public notice. 

In the early '70's the Glen was invaded by the enterprise of 
the age. Roadways crept along the precipitous banks, bridges 
stretched across the stream, logways climbed the mountain side, 
and the mighty forest fell before the onslaught of steel and mus- 
cle. The old mill was remodeled. New and improved machin- 
ery took the place of slow-going methods. The whir of the cir- 
cular saw was heard, the golden grain rode up to light in its 
Aladdin-like elevator. Old times had passed away. The Glen 
was a scene of devastation, with its shady sides bare to the blaze 
of the sun, the swift-running stream choked with rubbish, the 
paths filled with brush, and desolation everywhere. The Glen 
passed through its Purgatory of neglect. Years went by and 
nature, as ever heroic to conceal the scars of her wounds, made 
haste to reclothe her rugged slopes and shelving banks. The 
spring floods came swirling down the gorge. The massive tim- 
bers of the bridges were loosened and swept away by the re- 
morseless waters, and to-day only a faint trace of the winding 
roadway remains, unused save as the denizens of the forest 
wander down its \\'Oody ways on their nocturnal rambles- 

Even the remodeled mill, with its marvel of machinery', is 
but a picturesque ruin now, and the squirrels, who for genera- 
tions held undisputed right to corners and crevices for the stor- 
age of their winter food supply, revel in the situation and drop 
saucy admonition and empt}' shells on the heads of those who 
acamping come- The erstwhile brimming pond is a green 
meadow thick covered with clover and buttercup blossoms, 
through which the brook but hurries on its way. 



345 

In the autumn of 1884, Elbridge Kingsley, the painter- 
engraver, came to the Glen with his sketching car. The first 
and only artist to thoroughly understand the mystery of our 
Indian summer haze and color, he found the hills alight with 
royal welcome. Some of his most famous engravings were here 
conceiv'ed, and many of his daring successes in color first blazed 
along the banks of the stream. His fame in the world of art 
and his wonderful personality have brought his disciples to the 
place. Here too, came his brethren of the block and burin, 
notably John P. Davis, pioneer and leader of the Society of 
American Wood Engravers, and Gustave Kruell, the famous 
portrait engraver. It is unquestionably to Artist Kingsley that 
the great popularity of the Glen in late years is due. Of his 
impressions of the place he says in poetic prose : 

"Striving for hidden values is a condition of the human soul 
in its earthly seeking for the infinite. The Creator dictates : 
'My best is in the depths of the sea, in the fastness of the rock, 
in the floating summer cloud, beyond the reach of all but your 
highest aspirations.' 

"Mankind longs for the ideal resting place while in the 
turmoil of practical life. The Connecticut Valley is rich in such 
refuge from the eternal grind, and nature spreads abroad the 
meadow carpet, the sylvan groves of elm and maple in the 
valley, digs the rocky glen in the mountains as invitation for the 
weary soul to rest from the heat and dust and seek once more 
the unknown beyond. 

"Like unto a dragon's mouth is the gorge at Whately Glen, 
and the dragon guards the fairy- fountain while it weaves gar- 
lands of fancy for the generations that come and go along its 
borders. 

"The winter frosts build wonderful palaces of the overhang- 
ing mists among the bending evergreens, in springtime the 
opening buds dance a unison with the colors of the rainbow, 
and when summer merges into autumn a gorgeous phalanx of 
maples comes trooping down from the blue to be reflected in the 
mirror-like pools- 

"But it is so restful, so peaceful, to sit in the cooling shad- 
ows of the mountain at sunset and look for miles down the smil- 
ing valley. Softly the light steals awa}' over the hill. Gloom 
gradually settles over the beautiful vision and blackness issues 
from the mouth of the Glen. Soon naught is left but the light 
of the stars and the murmur of falling waters on the evening air. 



346 

"Long may the rocky dragon guard the fair>' fountain at 
Whately Glen for the happiness of future generations of men. ' 

And as here in the grim solitude of the rugged steep, deep 
in the heart of the hills, we find this rhythm of poesy rippling in 
its wondrous cadence from rock to rock on its waj^ to an oblivion 
in the immensity of ocean, so underneath the sometimes for- 
bidding exterior of the true old-time New Englander we find 
deep in the heart a love of beauty, a passion for art, a lofty con- 
ception of true ideals, that are a revelation to those who have 
never discovered the breadth, the depth and the fineness of 
character exemplified by our best types of Puritan descent- 
The superficial obser\'er might cross the hills a hundred times 
and never find the Glen. 

The message of the Glen is but the same that comes from 
all our hills and valleys to the wanderers who have gone forth 
into the busy world, and who as the river of Time broadens and 
deepens, can hold their early associations only as a precious 
memory. ^ 

The woodland path still runs by gate and bridge. 
Beneath the trees deep shadows linger cool ; 

The sheen of summer rests on rock and ridge, 
The speckled trout lurks in the darkling pool. 

And Nature ever reigns triumphant here, 

To rich and poor her steadfast grace she shows, — 

While round the circle of the flying year 
Her carnival of seasons comes and goes. 

Her message permeates the solitude ; 

High on the hills her warning beacons burn ; 
Her winds go wailing in the wayside wood, 

"O children of mankind, return, return." 

"Lay by your grief, forget your wrongs and ills, 
Tear loose the thorns that hedge your onward way ; 

Come to the consolation of the hills, 

The earthly peace that God shall hold for aye." 












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CHAPTER XXII. 

THE SANDERSON HOMESTEAD. 

Beneath the ancient roof-tree of the old farmhouse at Indian 
hill four generations have come and gone — a sturdy, thrifty, 
level-headed race, tracing their ancestry from Robert Sanderson, 
master of the mint at Boston, who devised the Pine Tree shil- 
ling. His descendant, Deacon Thomas Sanderson, Esq., one of 
the first and foremost settlers of the town, owned and occupied a 
broad tract of land running south from Sugar Loaf mountain 
and extending from the Connecticut river to Conway line. This 
was originally a part of Deerfield, but was annexed to Whately 
through the influence of Deacon Sanderson. He selected Indian 
hill as the best location and reser\'ed three hundred and fifty 
acres for his homestead. 

The original story-and-a-half house was built in 1769 and 
remains intact, while each generation has added thereto. Dea- 
con Thomas Sanderson at his death, divided the farm between 
two of his sons, but his grandson, Elon Chester Sanderson, 
bought back the property and also the farm on the south, thus 
obtaining control of the hillside towards Whately, which he 
cleared to secure a view of the town. 

Elon Sanderson at his death, likewise divided the farm be- 
tween his two sons, but the land has been bought back again 
by his son, George Elon, who lives on the old farm. 

The saw and gristmills, situated on Roaring brook, are on 
his farm, as is also the famous Whately glen. 



348 

THE SUMMER RESIDENCE OF HON. T. P. BROWN. 

This place was first occupied by Samuel Grimes, who built 
about 1797, a large house that he used for his dwelling, a store, 
and later as a hotel. He was succeeded by Leonard Looniis, a 
nsphew of ]\Irs. Grimes, who continued the store for several 
years in company with Rev. Dan Huntington and Edward 
Phelps. About 1S50 Mr. Loomis sold off the front house and 
built all new. About 1873 it was sold to Thomas Sanderson, 
and it is now owned by Hon. Theophilus Brown of Toledo, O., 
as a summer residence. Of course there have been many 
changes and improvements made by Mr. Brown, and every- 
thing inside as out, shows a refined taste and a love of the 
beautiful. The picture will show the much-appreciated trees 
that afford such a luxur>' of shade. 

RESIDENCE OF GEORGE B. MCCLELLAN. 

This site was first occupied by the house of Moses Frary. 
He came to Whately at a very early period and built a house 
on the west side of the land left for the Chestnut Plain road even 
before it was surveyed and permanently laid out, probably in 
1750 to '55. He sold to Noah Coleman in 1753. He was born 
at Hatfield in 1718, and married Lydia Waite, a granddaughter 
of Benjamin" Waite. They had no children and adopted Seth 
Frary, and he came into possession of the large estate. He was 
a soldier in the Revolutionary war. He sold to John B. Morton, 
who was followed by his son, Eurotus Morton, and he sold to 
Elias B. McClellan, who was succeeded by his son, George B. 
McClellan, who has entirely remodeled the house and barns. 
It is now one of the best residences in town, surrounded as it is 
by a wealth of trees and shrubbery all indicative of refinement 
and love of the beautiful. 

The fine house of John H. Pease, near the Whately station, 
was built in 1867 by Chester G. Crafts, Esq- It is a beautiful 
residence surrounded by beautiful shade trees, all indicating a 
home of comfort and refinement. 

THE CAPT. SALMON WHITE HOUSE. 

In 1762 Capt. Salmon White built on the west side of 
Chestnut Plain street, probably on lot No. 13 or 14, in the fourth 
division of Commons, I think on No. 13 though he owned both, 
and later acquired others, but 13 had been assigned to his father. 
Salmon when he built in Whately, was thirty-one years of age, 



349 

and had married Marv- Waite, a daughter of Joseph and Mary 
(Warntr) Waite, who was born in 1730. She was a remark- 
able woman, famous as a successful practitioner of midwifen.-. 
She presided at the birth of over one thousand children, riding 
to all the adjoining towns. He was probably for many years 
the most popular man in the new town. He was succeeded by 
his son, Esquire John White, who was very prominent in town, ■ 
a shrewd business man and withal popular and much in office, 
interested in evenv'thing calculated to advance the interest of the 
town. This house was painted white about 1823 or '24. and 
was the first one that I recollect. The baseboards were painted 
a bright red. making a strange contrast, and remained so four 
or five years when they were painted white. The next owner 
was his oldest son, Luke Brown White, Esq., and then it came 
down to Henry K. White and is now owned by his son. Henry 
Kirk White, and his mother. It sets back from the street about 
five rods and I have heard Esquire John say that there were 
many trees east of the house and they used to capture many 
partridges there. 

All of these owners were well known to me except Capt. 
Salmon. They were thorough-going, patriotic men, accustomed 
to occupy a leading position in church and town. About 1S24, 
I think, the large barn was struck by lightning and burned. 
They had a large farm and were among our best farmers, as 
well as citizens. While Capt. Salmon White was the chosen 
and gallant leader of our citizen soldiery, occurred the Lexington 
alarm, the call for troops at Bennington, Bemis Heights and 
Saratoga, when Gen. Burgoyne surrendered his whole army. 
All honor to the brave old patriot. Well may his descendants 
cherish his memory. 



CHAPTER XXIII. 

THE SELECTMEN OF WHATELY FOR THE YEAR 189S. 

I feel just a bit diffident about expressing m}' feelings 
relative to such dignitaries, but can find no legitimate way to 
a^•oid it. Of course it would be eaiiv to write pages relative to 
this group of officials, but I must take them one at a time and 
sa}- a few words telling of his peculiar fitness for the place. 
First let me say that they are all broad-minded, liberal, as well 
as generous men, and well fitted for the position they so well 
filled, and the town should be congratulated for selecting these 
men to manage their affairs. 

The chairman, Seth B. Crafts, is a model man for the place. 
After getting the facts he never hesitates to indorse applications 
wheri it is right and proper, or to say no when the circumstances 
demand it, and is ever ready to give his reasons why he needs 
to protect the interests of the town, while he always gives his 
decisions so pleasantly that the petitioner goes away convinced 
that a ju.st conclusion has been reached and the town's interests 
subserved. Such men have usually business enough of their 
own to attend to and really feel that the added burden is un- 
desirable, yet from patriotic principles have allowed themselves 
to be continued in office. I need hardly say that in his efforts 
to consen'e the interests of the town he has been ably seconded 
by those gentlemen ser\-ing on the board with him. 

Willis F. Waite is a lineal descendant of Sergt. Benjamin 
Waite and fits into the place he holds upon the board capitally. 
He is a careful, frugal farmer with a good stock of brain power, 



i5i 

modest, gentlemanly, always ready to listen to the claims of 
those who approach him in reference to town affairs, weighs 
carefully the statements and decides in accordance with his 
convictions, and no one has reason to complain of his manly 
action. Liberal in politics and religion, free from bigotry and 
superstition, really an excellent citizen : honest and above board 
in his life's work. 

Of Lemuel F. Graves we can say nothing to detract from 
the high e.steem in which he is held. It seems as though everv 
impulse of his generous nature is indicated by his splendid por- 
trait. He is one of the most thrifty of our farmers, industrious, 
frugal, as well as persistent in following up his plans for im- 
provement. He gets out of the old ruts and works on the lines 
of progress, while I may say he is a careful instead of a sharp 
man for he weighs well the laws that govern trade and acts as 
his convictions require, gentlemanly and courteously. He too 
descends from ancestry of which he may well be proud. We 
are glad to present the group in our work wiiich they as a unit 
advised issuing. 



GENEALOGIES. 



ABBREVIATIONS. 



Ae for aged; abt for about; Amh for Amherst; 

Ash for Ashfield; b for born; bapt for baptized; 

Ch for children; Con for Conway; d for died; 

Dau for daughter; Dfld for Deerfleld; Gtid for Greenfield; 

Had for Hadley; Hat for Hatfield; m. for married; 

Xthn for Northampton; prob for probably; rem for removed; 

Rep for representative; res for residence or resided; 

Sund for Sunderland; unm for unmarried; 

Yrs for years; Wh for Whately. 



ABERCROMBIE, Robert, prob a son of Rev. Robert 
Abercrombie of Pelham, a weaver by trade. He may have 
been in the British army and possibly a deserter. Of this we 
have only traditions. He is credited with building the Plyna 
Graves house in Christian lane. He m (i) Elizabeth, dau of 
Abiel Bragg of Wh, 28 Jan., 1779. She d and he m (2) 
26 Jan., 1786. Thankful Bragg, a sister of his first wife. He 
had rem to Chesterfield. Two ch : 

William, bapt 19 March. 1780: Agnes, bapt 20 Oct., 178-2. 

ABBOTT, LYMAN B., son of Joseph R. and Minerva 
(Frary) Abbott of North Hat, b 9 Jan., 1843, m 3 July, r866, 
Julia R., dau of Horace Waite. He was in the array in 
the Civil war and a prisoner at Andersonville, Ga. After a 
number of years they rem to Florence. No ch. 



ADAMS, 354 ALLIS, 

ADAMS, Alpheus A., son of Amos and Lucinda (Col- 
man) Adams, b at Wilmington, Vt., 7 Oct., 1832. m 26 June, 
1S69, Hattie L . dau of Edwin Gould, b 19 July, 1844. They 
rem to \Vh in 1879. He d i March, 1895, ae 63 yrs. Was a 
shoemaker. Two ch : 
Hugh Elliot, b 29 May. 1873: Edwin Clark, b 2 April, 1878. 

ALDEN, Barnabas, and wife Mehitable, came to Wh 
from Plainfield. He was a lineal descendant from John xAlden 
of Plymouth, d in Wh i April, 1830, ae 70 yrs. His wife d 23 
Sept., 1847, ae 83 3'rs. Two ch : 

Mehitable. b 1796. d iinm at Wh 13 Barnabas Gilbert, b prob at Plainfield 
March, 1829. ae 33 yrs: no dates. 

Barnabas G., son of Barnabas, b prob at Plainfield, m i^ 
Sept., 1835, Paulina, dau of Selah and Mary (Strong) Graves 
of Wh, b4 April, 1799. They both d at Con I don't have the 

dates. No ch. 

ALLEN, Thomas, came from Connecticut before 1770, 
lived on lot No. 13 in the second division of Commons just below 
the Josiah Gilbert place in the Straits on the west side of the 
roadway. The house was built by Benjamin Bacon. After a 
few years they rem to Shelburne. Ch : 

Daniel, b in Ct. 1759, d at Wh 12 Lydia, bapt at Wh 24 March, 1773; 

March. 1772, ae 13 yrs: And there ^yere others whose names I 

Lydia, b in Ct. iu 1702^^ d at Wh 11 don't know. 

March. 1773. ae 11 yrs: 

1 ALEXANDER, Joseph ", son of Joseph '\ Joseph ^ 
John '^ John '-, John ^, came from Had after 1790 and lived on 
the Rufus Sanderson farm. He was of Scotch descent, b at Had 

19 April, 1750, m (i) Sarah , no dates; m (2) 7 March, 

1793, Hannah, dau of Nathan Waite of Wh. Nine ch : 

Josiah. b 8 March, 1779, d in Dec. Polly, b 1792, d at Wh 2 Sept., 1796, 

following : ae 4 yrs; 

Lvdia, b 3 March. 1781, d 3 Sept., Elizabeth, b prob at Wh 11 Jan., 1794, 

1781; d 21 Sept., 1796: 

Thankful, b 30 Dec. 1783 ; Luther, b prob at Wh 8 April, 1797; 

Polly, b 9 April, 1786. d 1 Dec, 1786; Calvin, b prob at Wh 1798; (2) 

Levi, b prob at Wh abt 1800. (3) 

2 Calvin, son of Joseph Ci), b prob at Wh 1798, m 17 
Sept., 1829, Jane, dau of Orange Bardwell, b 27 Oct., 1801, rem 
to Buckland. 

3 Levi, .son of Joseph (i), was m and built the W. H. 
Fuller place in Canterbury, now owned by John H. White. 
Mr. Alexander rem from town soon after building his house. 
He m Maria, dau of William and Tirza (Morton) Mather of 
Wh. Maria was b after Mr. Mather rem to New York state. 

1 ALLIS, William, came from England prob abt 1635. 
Our first knowledge of him was when he took the Freeman's 



"•«3' 



355 ALLIS. 

oath at Braintree 13 May. 1630. Perhaps it is well here to re- 
mark that only such men as were members of the church were 
allowed to take the Freeman's oath and as John Fiske says : 
"It was decided no man shall be admitted to the freedom of 
this body politic but such as are members of some of the 
churches within the limits of the same " [Beo:innings of New 
England pp 109.] On page 123 he says: "None but church 
members should vote or hold ofEce." (I mention these facts as 
showing the tendency of theageto have the privilege of a Free- 
man to vote and hold office. ) To do this it was the first step to 
join an orthodox church. Hence we find that William Allis 
availed himself of these privileges, prob before his marriage. 

He m (I) Mary , who d 10 Aug., 1677: (2) Mary, dau 

of John Bronson and widow of John Graves, she was also the 
widow of John Wvattof Haddam, Ct., before she m John Graves 
of Hat. She m Lieut. William Allis 25 June, 1678, and after 
his decease 6 Sept., 1678, she m Capt. Samuel Gaylord. She was 
doubtless an attractive woman. Mr. Allis was quite prominent 
at Braintree. Among other positions he held the office of 
cornet or 2d lieutenant in the troop or mounted men, also had 
the supervision of building a road from Boston to Providence. 
About 1662 he rem to Hat where he was a leading citizen, a 
trusted lieutenant of John Pynchon of Springfield, commissioner 
to end small causes or minor law suits, often on advisorv- com- 
mittees with such men as Peter Tilton and Lieut. Samuel Smith 
when they were empowered to say who should be inhabitants of 
Dfld, regulate the herding of cattle and swine, advise about the 
institution of a church and getting a good orthodox minister, 
etc.. etc. At 3 later date the Great and General Court ap- 
pointed Lieut. William Allis, Thomas Meekins, Sr., Sergt. Isaac 
Graves, Lieut. Samuel Smith, Peter Tilton and Samuel Hins- 
dale to be a committee to act in all respects, to lay out the 
farms, to admit inhabitants at Dfld. Garrisons were established 
in various towns, that at Hat being made up of thirty-six men 
under Lieut. William Allis, and he had much to do as com- 
mander of a squad of soldiers in getting out timbers for fortify- 
ing Hat in the winter of i677-'78. He d 6 Sept., 1778. Ch : 

John, b 5 March, 1642; (3) William, b 10 Jan.. 16.i3, d Julv. 1653: 

Samuel, b 24 Feb., 1647: (3) Hannah, b 1654. m 28 Jan.. 1670. 

Josiah. b 1649, d 25 Oct., 1651: William .Scott : 

Josiah, b 20 Oct.. 1651; (Of him I William, b 11 Oct., 1655. dli) May. 1076: 
know no more.) Mary, b 1657. d unm 25 Feb., 1600. 

2 C.\PT. John, son of William (i), b at Braintree 5 
March, 1642, d Jan., 1691, m 14 Dec, 1669, Mary, dau of 
Thomas Meekins and widow of Nathaniel Clark. She m (3) 
Samuel Belden of Hat, res at Hat. Twelve ch : 

Joseph, b 11 .Nov.. 1670. m Naomi 
. He was killed by In- 
dians 19 June, 1724: 

Abigail, b 25 Feb., 1672, m Ephraira 
Wells 23 Jan., 1696; 



Hannah, 


b 


9 Oct.. 


1673, 


m 


Samuel 


Butler; 










Ichabod, 


, b 


10 July, 


1675; 


(4) 




Eleazer, 


b; 


23 July, 


1677; 


(5) 





ALLIS. 356 

Elizabeth. 1) 4 April. 1(579. m James Rebecca, b 10 April, 1083, m 30 April. 

Bridgmai) 18 Julv, 1704: ' 1702. Nathaniel Clraves of Hat; 

Lvdia. b lo Aus:.. lliSO. d 31 Aug.. William, b IG May, 1684: (6) 

l(j91: Nathaniel, b I680: (7) 

John, b 10 May, 1()82. m (1) ^^aiy Maiy. b 2o Aug.. I(i87, d 20 April, 

Lawrence, (2) Bethia Field; 1688. 

3 Samuel, son of William (i), b 24 Feb., 1647, d 9 March, 

1691, m Alice , She m (2) Sergt. John Hawks, res in 

Hat. Seven ch : 

Mehitable. b 2 Julv. 1677. m Benoni Mary, b 6 July, 1682. m Nathaniel 

Moore, 13 Dec!, 1698; Brooks of Dfid. 3 Feb.. 1710; 

Samuel, b 20 Feb., 1679, killed 29 Thomas, b 12 March, 1684. m Mehit- 

P'eb.. 1704. battle of French and able : 

Indians at Dfld; Sarah, b I680 : 

William, b 19 Oct.. 1680, m Elizabeth Rebecca, b 29 Nov., 1687. 

Davis: 

4 ICHABOD, son ot Capt. John (2), b at Hat 10 July 1675, 
d 9 Jul)'. 1747. m (i) 1698, Mary, dau of Samuel Belden, Jr., b 
27 Aug.. 1679, d 9 Sept.. 1724; m (2) 25 Nov.. 1726, Sarah, 
dauof Benjamin Waite and widow of John Belden. She was 
captured and carried to Canada in 1677, res at Hat. Eight ch : 

Abigail, b 28 Feb., 1700. m Nathaniel Samuel, b 12 Dec. 1705- (8) 

"Smith of Sund: Sarah, b 11 Jau., 1708, m Joseph Mil- 
Lydia. b 7 Jan.. 1702. m Daniel Dick- ler. 14 Nov.. 1734; 

in.son of Hat. d 1737; Bathsheba. b 12 Jan., 1710, m Jona- 
Martha, b 19 Nov.. 1703. m (1) John than Warner. 1734; 

Wells of Hat, (2) Nathaniel Abel, b 21 July, 1714, m 14 Dec, 1735. 

Hammond of Hardwick, (3) Miriam Scott; 

Kellogg; Elisha. b 3 Dec, 1716. (9) 

5 Eleazer, .son of Capt. John (2), b at Hat 23 July, 1677, 
d Nov., 1758, ae 82 yrs, m (i) 17 March, 1720, Jemima dau of 
John and Sarah (Banks) Graves of Hat, widow of John Graves 
and mother of Deacon Nathan Graves of Wh, b at Hat 30 April, 
1693, d 18 Feb., 1727; m (2) 14 Nov., 1734, Martha, widow of 
John Crafts and dau of John and Sarah (White) Graves of Hat, 
b4 Nov., 1689, d at Hat 5 June, 1780, res Hat. Two ch by 
first wife : 

Jonathan, b 22 June, 1723, m Submit, Eleazer, b 15 Dec, 1725. (10) 
d abt 1797, no ch; 

6 William, son of Capt. John (2), b at Hat 16 May, 
1684. m 15 Dec, 1709, Mary, dau of Jacob Griswold, prob of 
"Wethersfield, Ct., as he rem to that town and lived and d there. 
Five ch : 

Mar\-. b 22 Nov.. 1711. m Ebenezer Sarah, b 6 Oct.. 1715, m Ezekiel 

Sanford ; Kelsey ; 

Lydia, b 14 Sept.,. 1713, m John .Ann. b 1720, m Samuel Pike ; 

Collins; . John, b 11 Sept., 1726, m Zerviah 

Hart; one son, Abel, b 1740. 

7 Nathaniel, son of Capt. John (2), b at Hat 1685, m 
(i) 28 Nov., 1705, Mercy Dudley, who bore him twelve ch. 



357 



ALLIS. 



She d 29 June, 1731 ; m (2) Elizabeth 

Araonsr his twelve ch the seventh ch was : 



-, res a Bolton Ct. 



John, b at Bolton, Ct., 10 Nov., 1718. 



(11) 



8 Rev. S.\muel, son of Ichabod (4), b at Hat 12 Dec, 
1705, d 16 Dec, 1796, ra 4 Nov.. 1729, Hannah, dau ot John 
Sheldon of Dfid, b i Oct., 1707, 



Julius, b 18 Sept., 1732, m Hannah 
Dickinson, 14 Nov., 1755: 

John and Jabez. (twins), b 12 Nov., 
1734; John, m (1) Sarah Burt, 
(2) Esther Dwight; Jabez prob 
d early : 

■Samuel, b abt 1735. m 3 times, rem 
to Martinsburg, X. Y. : 7 eh ; 

Lucius, b 14 May, 1737, m 3 times, 



settled at Somers, Ct. Ninech : 

res at \Vh and Con. 10 ch : (12) 
Abel, b 22 Oct., 1745. m (1) Hannah 

Porter. ( 2 i Lydia. d in Ct. : 
Lemuel, b 22 June, 1747, m 20 Jan., 
1779, Elizabeth Djivis. d Plain- 
field, was in the Revolutionaiy 
army and was pensioned 17 April, 
1818, S9(5 per year. 
The other two I cannot follow. 



9 Elisha, son of Icbabod (4), b at Hat 3 Dec, 1716, d 
17S4. m (i) 20 Dec, 1744, Anna, dau of John Marsh of Had ; 
(2) Widow Sarah Cutler, dau of Samuel Reed of Burlington, d 
25 March, 1807. They both had large possessions and their 
marriage agreement is quite too long for insertion here. They 
res at Hat. Seven ch : 



Anna, m 5 July, 1734, Dr. Josiah 
Poraeroy, res at Keene, N. H. ; 

Electa, d unm ae 20 vi's ; 

Josiah, b 1754: iVPf) 

John, b 18 Jan., 1756, m Esther Part- 
ridge, res at Hat ; 



Abel, a doctor, b 1757. m Miss Allen, 
relative of Col. Ethan : 

William, b 1758, m Sophia Smith, 
rem to Lowville, X. Y. : 

Elisha, b 17(30, m Widow Mary (Dick- 
inson) Ingram, dau of Obadiah 
Dickinson of Hat. 



10 Eleazer, son of Eleazer (5), b at Hat 15 Dec, 1725, 
d 7 Sept., 1779, m Lucy, dau of Deacon Obadiah Dickinson of 
Hat, b 20 Nov., 1731. They res at Hat where he kept a hotel 
many years. Six ch : 



Eleazer. b 17(55 ; (15) 
Jemima, m Salmon Waite of Williams- 
burg ; 



Clarissa, m Oliver 



Ha.stings 



of Hat. 



Lucy, b abt 1753, m 15 March, 1770, 

Joseph Nash of Wh ; 
Sarah, b 20 Nov., 1757, m 11 March, 

1777, Deacon Levi Morton of Wh; 
Daniel, b 1763 ; (14) 

11 John, son of Nathaniel (7), b prob at Bolton., Ct., 10 
Nov., 1718, d June, 1768, m 3 Feb., 1742, Mary Munger, and 
rem to Guilford, Ct., and to two other places and in 1765 to 
Dfld where he d. They had prob 9 ch, as I think they had a 
dau Lydia. Ch : 

Abel, b20 Feb.. 1743: 

AcU'on, b 1748, m 4 April 1791, Hul- 

dah Snow of Wh: 
Eber, b abt 1761, m (1) Sarah Mann, 

(2) Sarah Cooley. res at South 

Dfld, had several ch ; 
Timothy, d 7 Feb., 1751; 
Timothy, b 5 Dec, 1752, m Elizabeth 

Clark and res at Huutingtou, Ct., 

6ch ; 
John, b 15 Dec., 1753; (16) 



Daniel, b 1754, d soon after; 

Russell, 1) 28 April, 1756 ; (17) 

Prob Lydia. b later who m Bezaliel 
Sniith. 

Of this family Aaron, Eber. John and 
Russell and perhaps Abel were 
all in service in the Revolutionary 
army. It is quite probable that 
the order of birth as well as dates 
are not absolutely correct. 



ALLIS. 



358 



12 Capt. Lucius, son of Rev. Samuel (8), b at Somers, 
ex., 14 May, 1757, m (i) 10 Dec, 1761, Jemima Bliss who d at 
Wh 9 June, 1764 : ( 2 ) Mary, dau of Thomas Wells of Dfid, who 
d 2 July, 1776; (3) 16 June, 1777, Mehitable, dau of Nathaniel 



Graves of Athol, who d 31 July 
dau of Eleazer Graves of Athol. 

Zehiidu. li 7 .Jan., ISii;^, m Isaiie Wing 

of Con : 
Child, li ;! Jnnr, ITCi-l, at Wh, d saine 

dny : 
Sanmcl, ]> 20 .]un(\ ITfiT, ni Hannah. 

dau of Israel and Mary; Paitridgej 

1 Jirkjnson of rittsliold ; 
Lucins. li 111 .lune, ITOs, ni Jane 

Con<'] and res in Charleuiont. 

no rli : 



I Sod: (4) 30 Aug., 1S04, Lois, 
res at Wh and Con. Nine ch : 

Solomon, b 26 April. ITGfl, ni Anna P. 

Dickinson of Pittsfield. res at 

Con: (18) 
Sarah, h 15 April, 1771: 
Thomas Wells, b 10 Oct.. 1772, m 

Sally Allen, res in N. Y. state, at 

Skeneatles, had 3 ch ; 
Elijah, b 7 Oct.. 1773. rem West, m 

l.ydia Warren of Con, had ■) ch : 
John, b 3 Aug.. 1778. m 27 Nov., 1805, 

Lois Weston. 



13 Col. Josiah. son of Elisha (9), b at Hat 1754, d 17 
April. 1794, ae 40 yis, m i March, 1774, Anna, dau of Elisha 
Hubbard of Hat, b at Hat 26 Dec, 1755, m (2) 27 Nov., 1799, 
Salmon White of Wh, d 21 June, 1839, ae 83 yrs. He rem to 
Wh abt the time of his marriage. He was very prominent in 
church and town affairs, much in office, also colonel in the 
militia. He res on the farm now owned by Irving Allis. 
Eleven ch : 



Elijali. b 21 I ).'t.. 1775. at Wh : (V^) 
Electa, b 10 Feb.. 1777. m 10 Dec, 

1802, Elial Allen of Dfld: 
Josiah Jr.. b 5 Jan.. 1779: (20) 
Anna, b 3 Dec. 1780. m 1 March. 

1811. Chester Sanderson, rem to 

Ash: 
Lucy, h 12 Dec, 1782. m 19 Jan., 

1804. 3Iaj. Thomas Sanderson 



of AVh : 
Henry, b 29 July. 1784 ; (21j 
Jerre. be5 JulT, 1786: r22) 
Sally, b 22 April. 1788, m 2 Jan. 

Eurotns Dickinson of Wh ; 
-\lmira. b 3 Oct.. 1790. m 

Bridges : 
Stalham, b 1 iMav, 1792; (23) 
Elisha, b 4 Jan.. 1794. (24) 



1812, 
Elam 



14 Daniel, son of Eleazer (io),bat Hat 1763, d 26 Oct., 
182S, ae 65 yrs., m 2 March, 1782, Lydia, dau of Peter Train of 
Wh, b 1763, d 17 Feb., 1849, ae86yrs, resatWh. Twelve ch : 



Moses, b 20 Sept.. 1782. m and res 

awav from Wh ; 
Daniel, b 20 Sept.. 1784. m 30 Nov.. 

1810. FanuT. dau of Heman Swift 

of AVh. d 11 Jan.. 1818, at West 

Wh : 
Eler\z(n-. b 17 July, 1788, d young: 
Harris, b 13 Fel).". 1788; 
Osee. b 20 Jmie. 1790: (25) 



EurotuB and Otus, (twins), b 27 May. 

1793: 
Austin, b 12 June, 1794; (26) ' 
Martha, b 30 Sept.. 1795, m Capt. 

En OS Waite of Wh ; 
Lvdia. b 11 Oct.. 1797. m 22 Jan., 

1818: Justus 3Ioiton of Wh : 
Sophia, b 24 ;May, 1800, m Henry 

Waite of W^h: 
Eleazer. b 23 Sept., 1803. (27) 



IS Eleazer, .son of Eleazer (lo), b at Hat 1765, d abt 
1S23 at Allis Hollow, Pa., m (i), Mar\- Ingram of Amh, who 
bore him eight ch. She d and he m (2), Miriam Pudmont of 
Georgia. Vt., who bore him three ch. He then rem to Pennsyl- 
vania and m (3) Esther Rutty who bore him ten ch ; in all 
twenty-one ch. He res several 3'ears at Wh. Our space win 






M 




VO 




r*? 


tfl 


U 


1-r 




►4 


Cm 


< 


- 










< 


>~. 


^■^ 




en 


rt 


^ 




►— 1 


t£ 















<c 



Eft 

I— I 

h4 



359 ALLIS. 

not allow any further notice except that the families have annual 
reunions and number nearly four hundred descendants. 

16 John, son of John (ii). b 15 Dec, 1753. m 1775, 
Dolly West of Bolton, Ct. He was a long time a Revolutionary 
soldier from Dfid, having served three years in a Connecticut 
regiment. He d 1790, and his widow m (2) 4 Aug., 1791, Master 
George Roberts of South Dfld. Four ch : 

Daniel, b abt 1780 : Lydia. bapt at Wh 15 Dec, IT'.IO, after 

John, bapt at Wh 15 Dec, 1790, a-ftor the death of the father: 

the death of the father ; David, bapt at Wh 15 Dec , 1790, after 

the death of the father. 

IT Russell, son of John (11) b prob at Guilford, Ct., 2S 
April. 1756, came with parents to Dfld, d at Wh 6. March. i>S35, 
ae 78 yrs, 11 m, ra 1775, Sarah, dau of Jonathan Edson of Wh, 
b 1757, d 9 Jan., 1S32, ae 75 yrs 7 m. He was a saddler and 
harness maker bv trade, a deacon of the Baptist church and res 
at Wh. Six ch': 

Roxa, b 24 Feb., 177(3, m Lemuel Demis. b 81 Dec. 1782, m Zel^na 
Waite of Wh ; Bartlett of Wh : 

Sarah, b 19 April. 1778. m David Aunis. b 18 Ft'b., 1784, lu Thomas 
Stookbridge, Jr.. of Wh : ^larsh of Wh: 

Lura, b 19 Feb., 1780. m Joseph Smith Polly, b Apiil. 1780, 111 Chester Deldeu 
of Wh, m (2) Amasa Woodruff; of Wh. 

18 SOLO-MON, son of Capt. Lucitis (12), b at Con 26 April. 
1769, d 7 Nov., 1S23, m 14 March, 1794, Anna P., dau of Israel 
and Mercy (Partridge) Dickinson, Ii\-ed in Con. Ten ch : 

Parthena, b 17 Jan., 1795, m Willard Elijah, b 14 March. 1805. m ^lelissa 

Crittenden : Tobj- ; 

Lucius, b 2 Sept.. 1790, m 6 Oct., Lois, b 3 April. 1SU7, m Asabel Stone. 

1825, Fanny A. Griswold : 1829 : 

Thomas Wells, b 3 Aug., 1798. m Maiy W.. b3 July, 1809, m Lot Hall 

Elizabeth Clements : of Ash : 

John Dickinson, b 22 June, 1801. m Elliot C. b 13 Feb.. 181(5 : (28) 

Lydia Smith of Wh 4 Oct., 1826 : Edward P., b 9 Feb.. 1819. m Isahelle 
Emily W.. b 1 Oct., 1803, m Lyman H. Jennings 2 Aprd, 1851, res at 

Smith of Wh ; Adrian. Mich. 

19 Elijah, son of Col. Josiah ( 13), b at Wh 21 Oct., 1775, 
d 9 July, i860, ae 85 yrs, m 27 Nov., 1800, Electa, dau of Capt. 
Salmon and Mary (Waite) White of Wh, b 22 Sept., 1775, d 8 
April, 1859, ae 84 yrs. They lived together over 58 yrs. He 
w^as the oldest of 1 1 ch, and his father dying at an ear]\- age, 
largely upon him devolved the care of the large fannl>- and of 
the large farm and other interests of the family estate. He was 
a large-minded man and easily, as well as early, developed those 
business habits that marked him as a bkillful manager He 
was town clerk and assessor for several yrs and rep to the Gen- 
eral court, deputy sheriff and postmaster 12 yrs and an equal 
number of yrs a hotel keeper, also in trade a few yrs. He was 
one of the brainiest men ever raised in Wh, forward in improve- 
ments of all kinds, a gifted public speaker, also a genial, pltas- 
ant companion with a hearty laugh that v\ould convince the 



ALLIS. 360 

most skeptical that he enjoyed a good joke. We are glad to 
present our readers a portrait of Mr. AUis. His long life was 
spent in our town. Four ch: 

Salmon White, b 27 Nov.. 1801; (20) Judith White, b 8 Nov.. 1807, m 

Josiah. b 17 .Inly. 1803 : (80) .Myron Hanvood, ]\I. D., his first 

l,ydia. b 1 Dec, ISO-"), m ^lyron Har- wife, 
wood, yi. D.. his second wife; 

20 JosiAH, Jr.. son of Josiah (13), b 5 Jan., 1779, d 15 
Nov., 1S4S, m(i) Mary Bull, (2) Elizabeth Ames Gould, res 
Plattsburg, N. Y. Ten ch : 

Euiiiy. b 1 Jan., 1810, m William Van June. 1843, N. J. Cookingham : 

ValkenburK : Asha. b 17 Nov., 1819. d voung; 

Jerry, b 27 Sept., 1811. m o Sept., Lemira, b 25 Jan., 1822'. m D. W. 
1834. Christian Quackeubush : Sutton; 

Horace L!.. b 18 Oct., 1813. m 18 Marj, b 3 March. 1824. d voung; 

Dec, 183!). Martha C. Atkins; Henrv E., b 25 Dec, 1826,'m 20 Jan., 

Josiah, Jr., b 20 Aug., 1815, d young : 1800, C. J. Holcomb ; 

Josiah Jr., b 18 July, 1817!^ m 17 Asha, b 29 April, 1831, d soon. 

21 Henry, son of Col. Josiah (13), b at Wh 29 July. 1784, 
d 24 Jan., 1824, m Charlotte Phelps, res Plattsburg, N. Y. 
Four ch : 

Anna, b 22 June, 1816. d unm 1890; Elijah, b 19 June, 1820, m 4 June, 
Mar\- P., b 15 May. 1818, m L. O. 1801, Emily O. Hayes: 

Dunning: John, b 7 April, 182;', m Mary Dera- 

ing. 

22 Jerre, son of Col. Josiah (13), b at Wh 25 July, 1786, 
d 19 April. 18S5, m i Oct., 1S14, Mary, dau of Dea. Salmon 
and Lydia ( Amsden) White of Wh, b 3 June, 1793. d 2 Feb., 
1877. They settled at Cazenovia, N. Y., rem thence to Mil- 
waukee, but Mr. Allis d at Franklin, N. Y. , almo.st 99 yrs old. 
Five ch : 

Edward Phelps, b 31 Dec, 1815. d 16 Henrv Callahan; 

Aug., 1831 ; Edward Phelps, b 12 May. 1824. m 13 

Elisha. b 2(5 Aug. , 1819, d 25 Aug., Sept.. 1848. Margaret M. Watson; 

1831 : Lucy Jane, b 19 Sept., 1828, m J. T. 

Mary .\nn, b 4 Aug.. 1821, m Rev. Gilbert. 

23 Stalham, son of Col. Josiah (13), b at Wh i May, 
1792, d II June, 1864, ae 72 yrs, m 24 Dec, 1818. Annis, dau 
of David and Sarah (AUis) Stockbridge of Wh, b 17 Dec, 1798, 
d 9 Dec. 1S38; ra (2) II Sept.. 1839, Eliza, dau of Joseph 
Sanderson, d 12 July, i860, and he m (3) Mrs. Eliza Wood, 
dau of Abner and Martha (Wells) Dickinson, formerly of Wh, 
then of Ohio. Col. Josiah d when Stalham was 3 yrs of age. 
His mother m (2) Salmon White, Jr., two years after the death 
of Col. Josiah, and took Stalham with her. He lived with Mr. 
White until old enough to go to a trade, when he was apprenticed 
to Maj. Thomas Sanderson at Canterbun,', the east part of Wh, 
and learned the tanner's and shoemaker's trade. After the 
death of Maj. Sanderson he had charge of the business for his 
sister, the widow of Maj. Sanderson, until 1825, when he 
bought out Solomon Atkins and sons and moved to the 



36 r ALLIS. 

center of the town continuing in the same business and accu- 
mulated a good estate. He was a liberal minded and valuable 
citizen, foremost in all improvements and was often in town 
office. He was stern and inflexible in purpose when satisfied 
that he was right. He was the architect of his own fortunes. 
We present his photo. Six ch : 

Hubbard S.. b 4 Oct.. 1819: (SI) 13 Nov.. 1831 ; 

Elisha Chapman, b (5 April. 1821. d Edward Phelps, b 28 3[av. 1828. d 3 

unm 1 Got., 1848: Dec. 1831 ; 

Elam Bridges, b 10 July. 1823; r32) Stalham Edward, b 29 ^fay. 1833. d 
.Stalham White, b 12 ^July. 182U. d unui 29 3Iarch. 1890. 

24 Elisha, son of Col. Josiah (13), b at Wh 4 Jan.. 1794, 
d 6 Aug., 1S67. m (i) 6 Nov., 1S21, Nancy, dau of Gamaliel 
and Nancy (Kellogg) Loomis of Prattsburg. N. Y., b in Con- 
necticut 19 Oct., 1799, d 2 Nov., 1S28 ; m (2) Diantha. dau of 
James and Diantha Stanley of Cazenovia, N. Y., b 19 March, 
1 868. d 3 May, 1S70. He rem to Cazenovia in 18 12 when six- 
teen years of age. Eleven ch : 

lufaat. b and d 22 Aug., 1822 : 1861, Harriet Newell Little. 

Nancy E., b 2 Aug., 1823, d 13 March, Judge A His now resides at Sj-ra- 

1845: cuse. N. Y. : 

Electa Anna, b 5 Sept.. 1824. m o Diantha Sophia, b 9 April. 1837: d G 

Sept.. 1844. Dr. Joseph W. T. Dec: 1841: 

Rice: Jesse Ashbel. b 13 Sept., 1840, m 1 

Benjamin B., b Nov., 1826, d6 Oct., 1873. Ellen E. Moore: 

Aug. 1828: Elisha Burrill. b 18 Nov., 1846, d 14 

Sophronia Loomis. b 1 Oct., 1828, m Aug.. 1847: 

25 Nov., 1857. M.McN. Walsh of Burritt Elihu. b 26 Dec. 1849: d 15 

Rochester. N. Y. ; Dec. 1850: 

Augustus GridleyS.. b 5 Jan.. 1831, m Herbert [Morrill, b 8 Jan.. 1853, d 29 

(Ij Caroline Barrett. (2)1 Oct., Jan.. 1853. 

25 OSEE, son of Daniel (14), b at Wh 26 June. 1790, d 6 
March, 1829, ae 28 yrs, m 5 Nov., 1813, Alice, dau of William 
and Tirzah (Morton) Mather of Wh, b 24 April, 1794. They 
res at Wh, Two ch : 

Austin, b 1814, d 15 July, 1820, ae Infant, b 1819, d 5 Jan., 1821, ae 2 
6 yrs ; yrs. 

26 Austin, son of Daniel (14), b at Wh 12 July, 1794, d 
23 June, 1852, m (i) 24 Oct., 1825, Samantha, dau of Elijah 
and Sally (Loomis) Sanderson of Wh, b 26 Nov., 1S05, d 26 
Dec, 1836, ae 31 yrs ; m (2) ^Ivira, dau of Job Warner of 
Williamsburg. Seven ch : 

Adaline S., b 28 Feb.. 1826: Austin Judson, b 8 Dec. . 1836 : (33) 

Sarah Frances, b 19 May, 1828 ; Isabel Josephine, b 13 April. 1840. m 
Luther Sanderson, b 22 Aug., 1830: Charles Tanturu ; 

Mary Louise, b 15 Mav, 1832, m Ernest Austin, b 30 June. 1842. (34) 
Hiram M. Smith of Wh ; 

27 Eleazer, son of Daniel (14), b at Wh 23 Sept., 1803, 
m at Guilford, Vt., 20 Sept., 1829, Miranda, dau of William 
Cook of Hat, b 12 June, 1805, d 18 Dec, 1894. They rem to 
Paynes Point, Ogle County, 111. He and his three sons all 
served in the army i86i-'65. He d 18 Jan., 1884. Eight ch : 



ALLIS. 362 

Ruth W.. h at Hat 21 :\raT. 1880, m in the ai-rny. 22 Feb., 1864; 

l(i Maivh. 1857, Milo Haselton ; Anna ]\r., b at Hat 3 July, 1838, m 10 

Saiali. 1. at Hat 2 June. 1832, m E. C. March, 18o9. George Ireland: 

Bragg. 4 Oct., 1854, res at Wil- Eugene, b at Hat 27 Sept., 1841, m 18 

lianisburg ■ Jan., 1859, Kate Peterfield ; 

Eni.'lineC. b at Hat 30 April, 1834. Eliza, b 17 Aug., 1844, m but lack 

ni 1 Jan., 1857, Lorenzo .S. Bard- husband's name ; 

well of Hat, but rem to Paynes Taylor, b 21 April, 1847, m IG June, 

Point, 111. : ' - 1888, Sophia Clapp of Paynes 

Alouzo, bat Hat 25 M.ay, 183G, d unm Point. III. 

28 Elliot C, son of Solomon (18), b at Con 13 Feb., 
1S16, d 10 March, 1874, ae 58 yrs, m (i) 7 April, 1841, Elvira, 
dau of Daniel and Polh' (Scott) Dickinson of Wh, b 28 Aug., 
1 82 1, d 25 Aug., 186 1 : ra (2) Cornelia A. dau of Horace John- 
son, 25 June, 1863, b 1829, res at Wh. He was quite prom- 
inent, holding many town offices. He bought the farm formerly 
owned by Elisha Allis, then his son, Col. Josiah Elijah, then 
Daniel Dickinson, then Elliot C, and now b}- his son, Irving 
Allis. Five ch: 

Anseliue. bat Wh 30 Oct., 1842, m June, 1865; 

23 Mav, 18G4. Samuel A. Hall of Esther D.; b 27 July, 1846, d 10 Sept., 

Ash, 3ch: 1861; 

Lucius, b at Wh 20 Aug.. 1844, en- Irving, b at Wh 28 Jan.. 1849; (35) 

listed in 31st Rf'gt. Mass. Vols. Henry G.. b at Wh 4 Nov., 1855, d 8 

and d unm at jNIobile. Ala.. 23 Aug., 1856. 

29 Salmon White, son of Elijah (19), bat Wh 27 Nov., 
1801, d 18 Sept., 1868, m 24 May, 1824., Emily W., dau of 
David and Sarah (Allis) Stockbridge of Wh, b 10 Jan., 1803. 
She m (2) Hon. E. T. Foote, (3) Gen. Joseph Colton, d 10 
Dec, 1S87, ae 84 yrs. Mr. Allis was for a time in trade at Wh, 
later he kept for a series of years the Tontine hotel. New 
Haven, Ct. Three ch : 

Henry White, d 1843. while pursuing Fanny; 

his collegiate studies at Yale uni- Gertrude, m William H. Browning, d. 
versity ; 

30 Josiah, son of Elijah (19), b at Wh 17 July, 1803, d 
23 May, 1866, ae 63 yrs, ra 13 April, 1826, Eliza, dau of 
Ebenezer White of Hat, b at Hat, 1801, d 9 Aug., 1866, ae 65 
yrs. Mr. Allis always resided with his parents and was the 
best equipped business man that we had in town. They had a 
large and well managed farm consisting of about one hundred 
and fifty acres of fine meadow land aside from much outside 
land. He entered into several different manufacturing opera- 
tions, was a director in the Con and the Hampshire county 
banks, also in an insurance company, was a warm friend and 
companion of Gen. James S. W^hitney, dying just at the time 
when his plans were about maturing. Politically he was always 
associated with the democrats, was a candidate for rep to con- 
gress, delegate to revise the constitution of Massachusetts and a 
close friend of Gov. George S. Boutwell. He fought sh}' of 
town offices. His death was a loss to our town that all felt and 



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3^3 ALLIS. 

realized. He left a handsome property. His portrait is given. 
Six ch : 

Justin Wright Clark, b 31 ^larch, Lewis Edward Sikes. b 14 Julv, 18:^2. 
1827. d unm ;^1 Jan., 1882, ae d T April. 18B0: 

54}TS: Edmond Bridges, b 31 .July, 1834, d 

Silas Dickinson White, b 11 Dec. ITFeb.. 183o• 
1828. unm. 1899 : Edmond Bridges, b U Dec, 183.5. d 

Mary Eliza White, b 29 Sept.. 1830. d 12 Oct., 1801. 

unm 11 Nov.. 1887, ae 57 yra ; 

31 Hubbard S., son of Stalhara (23), b in \Vh 4 Oct., 
1819, in (i) I Jan., 1S44, Sibyl D., dau of Dr. Chester and 
Mary- (Hastings) Bardwell of Wh, b at Wh 4 Sept., 1S20, d 26 
May, 18S5 ; m (2) 27 Nov., 1888, Mrs. Man»- Bristol Colton of 
Philadelphia, Pa. He obtained his education in the town 
schools with a number of terms at a select school, finishing with 
several terms at the academy at Dfld. He then went to Roches- 
ter, N. Y., and found employment as a clerk in the post office, 
serving in That capacity eight years, then eight years deputy 
postmaster, then was appointed postmaster and continued five 
years under Presidents Pierce and Buchanan. During the po- 
litical campaigns of each was chairman of the Democratic county 
committee ; prior to this he had been a member of the board of 
education and chairman of the Libran.- committee and subse- 
quently was the party candidate for various offices, including 
that of mayor of the city, county clerk and county treasurer : 
was engaged in banking business seven years, was prominent in 
the present city railroad and its treasurer seven years, and more 
recently in the brokerage business until he returned to Wh to 
take charge of the family estate. He is a 32d degree Mason 
and an Odd Fellow, and was half owner of the Daily Rochester 
Advertiser for four years. We present his photo. One ch : 

Gertrude A., b at Wh 16 Dec. 1844. lings of Hat. They res at St. 

m 18 Oct., 1871, Maj. Joseph Bil- Louis. Mo. 

32 Elam B., sonof Stalham (23), b in Wh to July, 1823, 
d 1893, at Rochester, N. Y., m 4 Sept., 1850, Clarissa S., dau 
of Dr. Chester and Mary (Hastings) Bardwell of Wh, b 20 
Sept.. 1823, d 27 April, 1858. He was a tailor by trade and 
rem to Geneva, N. Y.', and later I think to Rochester N. Y. 
Two ch : 

Edward B., b 26 July, 1854, m Nov.. :N[arv Hastings, b 28 March, 1857, m 
1882, Mar>- T., dau of Daniel "U March. 1883. Chas. H. Palmer 

Kingsley of Nthn, no ch ; of Rochester, N. Y. 

33 Austin Judson, son of Austin (26), b at Wh S Dec. 
[836, m 29 Jan., 1859, Emma J., dau of William and Therza 
( Waite) Taynton, b in England 9 June, 1839. He was in the 
37th Mass. Vols, war of i86i-'65, res at Florence. Seven ch : 

Charles Ernest, b 4 July, 1859, m William Clinton, b 30 Nov., 1866, m 

Rose, dau of Jesse Morley, res 11 Nov., 1896, Helen J. Erskine, 

Springfield ; res Nthn ; 

Luther Austin, b 13 Dec, 1860; 



ALLIS, 364 ASHCRAFT. 

Josephine Sanderson, b 80 Auc 1870; Robert Taynton, b 19 Oct.. 1875; 
Geoi-LT Linroln. b IG Aiit,'., 1873. was John Lester, b 13 Maj', 1877, was in 
hi 2d Regt. Cuban war- 2d Regt. Cuban war. 

34 Ernest Austin, son of Austin (26), b at \Vh 30 June, 
1842, d 16 March, 1S97. m (i) Florence A., dau of Thomas C. 
Cutter of Hat. 4 May. 1869. was divorced; m (2) Lucinda A. 
Donaldson of Gfld, who d without issue ; m (3) 20 Sept., 1892, 
Emeline Thompson of Palmer, N. Y. Two ch, by first wife : 

Ernest A., was in the 37th Regt. Vols. Frederick E., b 12 June, 1870, d unm 
and had a pension of 524 per in California, 24 June. 181)3. 

mouth, res at \\h. 1 son ; 

35 Irving, son of Elliot C. (28), b at \Vh 28 Jan., 1S49, 
m 4 July, 1876, Augusta M., dau of Jonathan and Betsey S. 
(Williams) Howes of Ash. They res on the old Allis farm in 
\Vh. He is also a civil engineer. Six ch : 

Sarah IJ.. b 13 Dec. 1877: George W., b 10 Nov., 1889 ; 

Clarence IrA-ing. b 27 Mar. 1879; Edward E., b 3 June, 1893: 

Lucius H., b 9 3Iarch, 188G : Isabella R., b 5 May, 1897. 

AMES, Col. Nathan, son of Sergt. James Ames of Hol- 
land, near Palmer, lived on the farm later owmed by Aaron S. 
Stearns. The house has been pulled down. He was a soldier 
in the Revolution, he and his father both being in Gen. Sulli- 
van's expedition against the six nations of Indians in New York 
state in 1780, rem to Williamsburg. He had a family, but I 
have the names of only three of his ch : 

Experience, b 20 Nov.. 1797. m 9 Jan., Aurilla. b abt 180G, m 21 May, 1828. 

1817, David Scott of Williams- Horace Sanderson of Wh, d 18 

burg, d 2o Feb.. 1857. ae 60 yrs: March, 1847. 
Lyman, b abt 1799 : 

1 ASHCRAFT. John \ settled at Stonington, Ct., where 
we find him in 1662. His grandson. Daniel, settled before the 
Revolutionary' war on Fisher's island. About the close of the 
war he rem to Guilford, Vt., was captain in the army, received 
a grant of six hundred and forty acres of land from the state of 
New York for ser\'ices rendered. Among his ch was one John. 

2 John *, son of Daniel ^, -, John ^, b 20 Jan., 1784, 

rem to Had where he m 14 March, 1808, Clarrissa, dau of David 
and Patience (Bartlett) Stockbridge, b 7 June, 1790. After the 
birth of three ch he went back to the old homestead at Guilford , 
Vt., where the other ch were bom, A farmer. Thirteen ch ; 

Susan A., b at Had 25 March, 1809. rem to Had and d there; (3) 

m 1 March. 1838, Shaylor Belden Ephraim, b at Guilford. Vt., 19 May, 

of Wh : 1817. d 25 Dec. , 1832 ; 

Elam S.. b at PLad 21 Nov., 1810, m Clarissa, b at Guilford, Vt., 15 May, 

19 April, 1837, Eliza McLeod: 1819, d 10 Sept., 1848; 

Daniel, b at Had 23 Nov., 1812. m 9 David, b at Guilford, Vt., 28 May, 

Nov.. 1834. Martha Prindle; 1821; (4) 

John Jr.. b at Guilford, Vt., 20 April, Julia, b at Guilford, Vt., 28 July, 1823, 

1815. m 28 Jan., 1840, Elizabeth m 5 Jan., 1848, Charles Squires; 
Smith of Had, settled in Wh, but 



ASHCRAFT, 365 ATKINS. 

Ainaiette, b at Guilford. Vt., 2 Julv. 1829. m 17 Jan.. I80O. DaniHl 

1825. m 17 Sept.. 18-48. Henry Strong: 

Stedman: Amelia.bat Guilford. Vt.. 21 Sei«t.. 

Uriah, b at Guilford. Vt., 1 Oct.. 1827, 1881, m George Lines of Guilford: 

d 8 Sept., 1848: Charles, b at Guilford. Vt.. 17 Nov.. 

Elizabeth, b at Guilford. Vt.. 80 Oct.. 1883. m lo April. 18o7. Elizabeth 

Darling. 

3 John, son of John ( 2), b at Guilford, Vt., 30 April, 1S15, 
d 2 May, 1881, m 28 Jan., 1840, Elizabeth, dau of John Smith 
of Had. He res at Wh many years before and after his ni, and 
built the house now owned by H. C. Pease at the Straits, but 
afterwards sold the farm and rem to Had. Two ch : 

Infant, b 22 Julv. 1841, d 12 Aug., John. Jr., bat Wh 1843. (o) 
1841 : 

4 David, son of John (2), b at Guilford, \'t., 28 May. 
1821. m (i) 2;^ Jan., 1845, Cynthia C, dau of Samuel and 
Eunice (Dennison) Cole of Colrain, b 29 Aug., 1824, d at Wh 
2 April, 1882, ae 57 yrs ; m (2) 22 Oct., 1885, Marion H. Den- 
nison of Leyden. He res on the Chapman Smith place East Wh, 
and is quite prominent, having been one of the selectmen many 
years. He is a farmer and an excellent citizen. Two ch : 

Henrietta M.. b in Wh 25 Oct.. 1845. Henry Chandler, b 14 Sept,. 18(i(.). ((i) 
m Frank H. Elwellof Springfield: 

5 John C, son of John (3), b at Wh 1S43. ni 12 Oct., 
1S64, Martha A. Wright of Wh. When m they rem with hi.s 
parents to Had where he d 12 March, 1878. 

6 Henry Chandler, son of David (4). b at Wh 14 
Sept., i860, m 5 Oct.. 1889, Amy F. Sears of Wh. They res at 
Wh where he was in the mercantile business several years at 
East Wh, and postmaster. 

1 ATKINS, JosiAH. The progenitor of the Wh families 
came from England quite early and rem to Middletown, Ct.. 
after 1650. In March, 1650, a committee was appointed to ex- 
plore the lands of Mattabeatt, the Indian name of Middletown, 
and they reported that subsistence might be obtained for a col- 
ony of fifteen families, and in the course of that year settlement 
commenced. It now has a population of ten or twelve thousand. 
The principal portion of the early inhabitants came from Eng- 
land and Massachusetts and a few from Hartford, Ct. How 
early Mr. Atkins located there I do not know, but he d there 12 
Sept., 1690. Among his ch was : 

Solomon, b 1678. (2) 

2 Solomon, son of Josiah ( i ), b at Middletown, Ct,, 1678, 
m Phebe Edwards, 16 May, 1709. A deacon, had a large 
family, always res at Middletown, and d in 1748. Among his 
ch was : 

Solomon Jr., b 11 Aug.. 1720. (3) 



ATKINS. 366 

3 Solomon. Jr., son of Solomon (2), b at Middletown, 
Ct., II x\ug., 1720. d 26 Feb., 1S04, at \Vh ae S3 yrs, m 25 Feb.. 
1748, Thankful Lee, b in 1727, d at \Vh 7 April, 1S06, ae 79 
\^rs. They rem to \Vh abt 1778, res in the Straits. He d in 
Colrain while on a visit to his son, Giles. Seven ch : 

Thankful, b 14 San.. 1749. m John Abia. b 20 March, 1756, m William 

Crafts 29 April, 1780; ' Cone; 

Sybil, b 19 Feb.. 17.50. prob m in Ct. : Solomon. Jr., b 4 May, 17G2: (4) 

Chloe. b 16 March. 1752. prob m in Giles, b 4 April. 1795: (5) 

Ct.: Elijah, b 26 Jan., 1709. (Q) 

4 Solomon, Jr., son of Solomon {3), b at Middletown, 
Ct., 4 May, .1762, came to Wh 177S, m 9 ]\Iarch, 1787, Electa, 
dau of Deacon Oliver Graves of \Vh, b in Wh 27 Dec, 1764. 
He bought one acre of land where H. S. Allis now lives and 
built a house, and later built the square house, now the parson- 
age, built a tannery on Gutter brook and a shop near the 
house for the shoe business. Sold in 1825 to Stalham Allis and 
rem to the state of New York, where they d. Eight ch : 

Enoch, b 24 Aug.. 1788: (7) ful school teacher: 

Henrs'. b 10 June. 1779; (8) Joel, b 7 Sept.. 1800: (9) 

Electa, b 20 Nov.. 1793, d soon; Hannah, b 14 July. 1803. m a Miss 

Electa, b 2 Dec. 1795. d 3 Sept., 1796: Talmage and rem to New York 

Chloe. b 18 April. 1798, m John El- state : 

well and rem to New York state. Solomon, b 8 Oct.. 1805. flO) 

She was for many years a success- 

5 Giles, son of Solomon (3), b at Middletown, Ct., 4 
April, I 765, d 23 Jan., 1821, m ( i) 9 Jan., 1794, Martha, dau of 
Deacon Oliver Graves of Wh, b 19 Jan., 1763. She d and he m 
(2 ) 28 Jan., 1S02, Sarah Crittenden, d 23 Jan., 1815 ; m (3) 11 
Jan., 1816, Ruth Fairbanks, d 23 June, 1861, ae 92 yrs, after a 
widowhood of 40 yrs. Eight ch ; 

Infant dau. b 27 Sept., 1794. d 28 Isaac, b in Colrain, 16 July, 1888. d4 

Sept., 1794 ; March, 1884. at Con, m Maria 

Elisha, b 2 Dec, 1795, at Wh. by (1) Ford of Hawlev : 

wife: (11) Sarah, b at Plainfield, 9 AprU. 1810. 

Giles. Jr., b 29 Sept., 1802, d 19 m Thomas Jordan of Cumming- 

Aug.,1803; ton; 

Almon. b 6 Jan.. 1805. m Sarah Fitch, Dexter, b at Plainfield. 19 March, 

d 30 Dec, 1835 : 1812. d Bucklaud 24 March. 1885, 

Freeman, b in Colrain, 21 Aug., 1806. m Mary Field of Bucklaud. 

m Rebecca Baker of Hawley: 

6 Elijah, son of Solomon (3), b 26 Jan., 1769, m 21 Dec. 
1797, Tirza, dau of Barnas Cooley of South Dfid, bapt 7 Jan., 
1776. She was a sister of Benjamin Coolej- of Wh, a famous 
surveyor. 

T Enoch, son of Solomon (4), b at Wh 23 Aug., 1788, d 
15 June, 1844, m 13 Feb., [822, Amanda, dau of Luther and 
Roxcelany (Warner) White of Wh, b 20 Nov., 1800, d 4 Jan., 
1863. He was a shoemaker. Six ch : 

William B., b 10 Feb., 1823. d voung ; George E., b 29 Oct., 1829 : 
Chloe C. b 12 Dec. 1824, m 9 Aug., Electa G., b 15 Aug.. 1833 ; 



367 ATKlXS. 

18-14. Elias Holmes : ' Catharine M.. b 16 Dec. 1835. 

William M., b 7 June. 1827 : (12) 

8 Henry, son of Solomon (4), b 16 June, 1791, m i Jan., 
1817, Lucinda, dau of Peter and Zilpah (Stiles) Clark of Wh. 
A shoemaker and tanner, rem from Wh abt 1S30. Four ch : 

Ziloah A., b 10 Nov.. 1817. d 1808 ; Eli Sanderson, b 1(3 Jan.. 1824 : 

Henry B.. b 20 ^lareh. 1830, d 10 Levi C, b 15 Sept., 1827. 
July. 1853 ; 

9 Joel, son of Solomon (4), b 7 Sept., iSoo, d 4 March, 
1S69, m rS March, 1S24. Fidelia Smith, dau of Asa and Judith, 
dau of Deacon Oliver Graves, b at Wh 11 Nov.. 1799, d 28 
Aug., 1873. Three ch : 

Edward .Umerou. b 18 June, 1826: (13) (U) 

Frederick Augustus, b 12 Jan.. 1828: Marj- Eliza, b 26 May, 1830. d 1833. 

10 Solomon, son of Solomon (4), b 8 Oct., 1S05, m 6 
June, 1833, W^ealthy, dau of Thomas and Hannah ( Boyden ) 
Arms of South Dfld, b 23 Jan., 1804, d 17 March, 1870. Was a 
shoemaker by trade. Three ch : 

Mary Jane, b 8 Sept.. 1835, m 16 Oct., May, 1864. Eurotus Moiton of 

1860. Andrew Button, res at Hat : 

Boston : Fred C. b 23 Jan., 1844. m 18 Aug.. 

FideUa R.. b 25 Aug.. 1839. m 19 1870. Sarah B. Howard. 

11 Elisha, son of Giles (5) and Martha (Graves) Atkins, 
b at Wh 2 Dec, 1795, d 10 June, 1877, m 19 March, 1822, Tem- 
perance Claghorn, b 7 Nov., 1798, d i Nov., 1S97, ae 98 yrs. 11 
m, 24 days. Four ch : 

Martha Elmira. b at Plaintield. 3 Edwin Lathrop. b at Plainfiela 14 
April. ,1823. m 28 April, 1842, Sept., 1829. d 5 Sept.. 1830 : 

Harrison Carpenter of Savov ; Edwin Augustine, b at Plaintield 22 

Henrv Austin, b at Plaintield, I'Nov., Oct., 1832, m 29 :May, 1867, 3Iary 

1826, m 23 Sept., 1857, Minnie E. Latham of Plaintield. 

Harkness ; 

12 WiLLiA.M M., son of Enoch (7), b at Wh 7 June, 1827, 
m Elizabeth P. Allen. Two ch : 

Carrie L., b 16 Aug., 1853 : Hattie J., b 7 June, 1858. 

13 Edward Almeron, son of Joel (9),b 18 June, 1826. d 
10 March, 1871, m i Feb., 1854, Clarissa, dau of Pliny and 
Lucinda (Field) Graves of Wh, b 18 March, 1828, res in Wh. 
He was an architect and builder. Two ch : 

Arthur Leon, b 13 Aug.. 1857; (15) William Heniy. b 9 3Iav. 1862. unm 

1898. 

14 Frederick Augustus, son of Joel (9), b 12 Jan., 
1828, m 21 Nov., 1825, Marietta, dau of Timothy and Priscilla 
Murphy, b 27 Sept., 1836, res at Hartford, Ct. One ch : 

Frank Hale, b 5 March, 1860. (16) 

15 Arthur Leon, son of Edward A. (13), b 13 Aug., 
1857, m 6 Sept., 1882, Ann Eliza, dau of Luther G. and Isabel 



ATKINS, 368 BAKER. 

(Kenfield) Scott of W'h. b 5 July. 1S65, He is an ingenious 
mechanic. Three ch : 

RolMH-t Ethvard. 1. U :\Iav, 188;^: Forrest, b 30 Nov.. 1894. d 12 Jan., 

Harold Luther. I. 2r, Nov.. 1887 : 1895. 

16 Frank Hale, son of Fred A. ( 14), b at Hartford, Ct., 
5 March. 1S60, m 16 April, 1S96, Ella H., dau of Nelson and 
Emma (Gains) Daniels, b at Hartford, Ct., 13 Aug., 1867, res 
at Harltord, Ct. A mechanic. One ch ; 

N.'lsoii Ford. 1. 3 Feb.. 1897. 

1 BACON, Benjamin, b 1727, d 4 Sept., 1814, ae 87 yrs, 

m Rebecca , b 1733. d 23 Sept.. 1820, ae 87 yrs. He 

came irom Killingly, Ct., in 1775, built a house on the west side 
of Dfld road at the lower end of the Straits, on lot 13, second 
division 01 Commons, near the Gilbert place. He sold to Solo- 
mon Atkins about 1783 and rem to the gambrel-roofed house 
now owned by the Quinn family. Seven ch : 

AIm'1. b ill Ct.. abt 17.J.1 Of him I Mary, b iii Ct.. m before 1776 Joel 

know jio more except he was in Scott of Wh ; 

Ca])t. Chaiiin'scoinpanyand Lieut. Jonathan, b iu Ct.. m 9 July, 1798. 

Pt'iez liardwell's in Revolution : Betsey, dan of John Waite of Wh : 

I'hilo. b in Ct.. 1758: (2) Benjamin, b in t^t.. m and rem from 

i'er.sis. b in Ct., m 5 Nov., 1777, Gad town: (8) 

Scott, bed 25 March. 1778: m (2) Rufus. bapt at Wh 29 Oct., 1775. Of 



-2 S: 



^pt.. 1778. Elijah Scott of Wh : him I know no more. 



2 Philo, son of Benjamin (i), b at Killingly, Ct., 1757, 
was thrown from his wagon on Staddle hill and killed 12 July, 
1825, ae 68 yrs, m 27 Aug.. 17S2, Lucinda, dau of Philip and 
Elizabeth (Graves) Smith, b 10 April, 1759, d 29 Aug., 1835, 
res at the Straits. Was a soldier in the Revolution. Three ch : 

Lucretia. bapt 30 Aur., 1785. m G Wh; 

Aug., 1801. Isaac Marsh of Wh: Lydia, bapt 24 Sept., 1780, m 26 Oct., 
Electa, bapt 16 Dec, 1787, m 27 1809, Reuben Hopkins of Con. 

April, 1808. Martin Woods of 

3 Benjamin, son of Benjamin (i), b at Killingly, Ct., m 
14 Aug., 1788, Margaret Ha5-nes of Wh. He was a carpenter 
and rem from town after the birth of three ch : 

Philo, no dates: three were m in Montague, where 

Jonathan, no dates: they lived. In all the Bacon fam- 

Ben.jamin. no dates. ilies except Philo's the order of 

There were prolj other ch. These birth is unkno\vn. 

BAKER. Edward, d 10 Oct., 184S, unm, lived in Wh 
many years, but never revealed his place of birth. 

William. Jr., son of William of Con, b 31 May, 1S21, m 
17 Nov., 1840, Miriam Frary, dau of Walter and Eliza (Blatch- 
ford) Orcutt. b 1S23. He kept the Wh house several years. 
Two ch : 

Isaac P., b 19 Dec, 1843. m Julia E Lois Wiight. b 19 Dec. 1850, m 24 
Nye, of Fall River: April, 1872, G. W. Arms of Con. 



BANNISTER, 



369 



BARDWELL. 



BANNISTER, John F.. ra 22 April, 1852. Marietta, dau 
of Isaac and Man.- (Knowles) Frary of \Vh, b 21 June, 1S30. Ch: 



Ida C. b 17 March. 1853. has been a 
successful teacher: 



Willie J., b Sept.. I800: 
John F.. Jr.. b '20 April. 1857. 



1 BARDWELL, Robert, came from London, Eng., 1670, 
and was then said to be twenty-three years of age. He was by 
trade a hatter, learning his trade in London and was there at the 
time of the great plague in 1665 when more than one hundred 
thousand, people were its victims, also at the time of the great 
fire that swept off thirteen thousand, two hundred houses and 
shops and ninety churches. After his arrival here we find hira 
actively engaged in the defense of the town, this being his first 
knowledge of Indian warfare. He was raised to the dignity of 
a sergeant and was in command of one or two forts in the east- 
ern part of the state. We first learn of his being in the Connec- 
ticut Valley when he was sent with dispatches to the troops 
gathered for the defense of our frontier settlements with orders 
that if snow fell before he returned to stay through the winter, 
so his journey milst have been late in the fall of 1675, as he re- 
mained at Hat. This was at the time when King Philip was on 
the war path and he came on foot and alone through the forest. 
He was among the foremost to march to the attack upon Philip's 
men at what we now know as Turners Falls, 18 May, 1676. 
being active in that gallant light. In all the hard engagements 
inwhich he fought he came off without a serious wound. At 
this time he made up his mind to remain at Hat. He was then 
twenty-nine years of age. and he m 29 Nov., 167b, Mary, dau of 
William and Elizabeth (Smith) Gull and widow ot Nathaniel 
Foote, date of her birth not given. He received his share in the 
division of the lands in Hat. He d 9 Jan., 1726, ae 79 yrs ; 
Mrs. Bardwell d 12 Nov.. 1726 Eleven ch : 



Ebenezer, b at Hat 19 Oct.. 1679: (2) 
Mary, b at Hat 15 Oct.. 1681 : 
John, b at Hat 16 Sept., 1683. d 1685 : 
Samuel, b at Hat 26 Sept.. 1685 : (3) 
John, b at Hat 18 Au?.. 1687 : (4) 
Elizabeth, b at Hat 30 July, 1689 : 
Thomas, b at Hat 8 Dec.. 1691 : 
Esther, b at Hat 8 Au^., 1693, m 23 
Oct.. 1717. Joseph Belden, rem to 
Wh and lived on Bartlett's cor- 
ner in the Straits ; 
Sarah, b at Hat, no date, m 19 3Iaj', 



1713. .Jonathan Barrett of Hart- 
ford. Ct. ; 

Thankful, b at Hat. no date, m 23 
^[ay. 1717. Abram Graves, rem 
to Swanzev. N. H. : 

Abigail, b 1699, m 6 June, 1720. Da- 
vid Graves. They settled in Wh 
Straits and part of the house of 
Wells T. Smith was built by him 
as early as 1731 or '32 : 

I only follow those that are in line of 
our ^Vh Bard wells. 



2 Ebenezer, son of Robert ( i ) , b at Hat 19 Oct., 1679, d 
13 July. 1732, m 25 April, 1706, Mary, dau of Joseph and Joanna 
("Wyatt) Field of Hat, b 18 July, 16S4. He was an active busi- 
ness man, and like his father, quite prominent. Mrs. Bardwell 
was appointed guardian of their six minor ch, all b at Hat : 

(5) Remembrance, b 1713 : (7) 



Ebenezer, Jr., b 10 Sept., 1707 
Hannah, b 24 Jan., 1709; 
Joseph, b 1711 ; (6) 



Remembrance, b 1713 : 
Esther, b 1715, d soon: 
Jonathan, b 5 Jan.. 1718 ; 



BARDWELL. 



370 



Abigail, b 14 Oct. 
Well^ of Wb : 



1T21. m Noah 



Esther, b 16 Dec. 1723. ra 1743. Dan- 
iel Morton of Wh. 



3 Samuel, son of Robert (i), b at Hat 26 Sept.,. 16S5, d 
iS March, 1771. ae S6 yrs, m 1713, Martha, dau of Edward 
Allen of Dfld, b 6 Nov.. 1694, d 1778, ae 81 yrs. res at Dfid 
where he was quite prominent. Fourteen children, all born at 
Dfid: 



Martha, b 3 Aui;.. 1714, d 8 Auc:.. 

1714: 
Samuel, b 2.j Aug.. 171.J. m 31 Oct.. 

1737. Anna Severance: 
Silence and Hannah, (twins), b 20 

Jime. 1717 : Silence, d 23 June. 

1717: Hannali. d 20 June. 1717; 
Sarah, b 3 April. 1718, d 6 April, 

ISIS: 
Aaron, b 15 April. 1810. simple 

minded : 
Enoch, b 25 Feb.. 1722 : (8) 
Gideon, b 8 July. 1724, m Hannah 



Hawks ; 
Eldad. b G Nov.. 1725. m 16 Feb., 

1760. Kuth Oakes ; 
Martha, b 21 Jan.. 1728. m 4 Sept., 

1753. Samuel Stebbins of Gfld : 
Medad. b 8 March. 1730. d 20 Oct., 

1736: 
Rev. Joel, b 25 Oct.. 1732. m Jane 

Mills 6 Sept.. 1768; 
Marv. b 12 Sept.. 1734. m 5 Jul v. 

1758. Zadoch Hawks of Dfld ; 
Mercv. b 29 May. 1737. m 20 June, 

1757: Ebenezer Wells of Dfld. 



4 John, son of Robert (i), b at Hat 18 Aug., 1687, d at 
Hat 25 May, 1728, ae 41 yrs, m Mehitable, dau of Samuel and 
Sarah Graves of Hat. His will was proved 24 June, 1728, 
estate inventoried, ^,428, 19s, yd. His widow with her brother, 
Abram Graves, were administrators. Six ch : 

Moses, b 1712. m Azubah. dau of Sarah, b 23 ^larch, 1719, d unm 18 
Samuel Graves, of Dfld. She m March. 1736; 

('2) Ebenezer Morton of Hat. had Martha, b 27 Oct., 1720, m David 
one son. John Boutwell. b 6 Oct., Waite of Hat : 

1753, d unm. gase his property to John, b 26 Oct.. 1723; 

John B. Morton : Jonathan, b 1724. captain in Revolu- 

Joseph. b 1713; (9) tion. m Violet Amsden of Dfld 

5 Lieut. Ebenezer, son of Ebenezer (2), b at Hat 10 
Sept., 1707, d in Wh, 14 Nov., 1789, ae 82 yrs, m 1731, Eliza- 
beth, dau of Samuel Gillett, b 29 Dec, 1705 He was Lieut, in 
Capt. Moses Porter's company, expedition to Crown Point. 1756, 
and in Capt. Selah Barnard's company, 1757 and '58 and in 
Capt. John Burke's Rangers, 1759, was later on the commissa- 
riat, supplying the soldiers for Gen. Arnold's expedition. We 
have seen the bill sent to him including ten hogsheads of rum, 
etc., etc. His father's will left him lands in Wh, settled first 
on the plain north of Bartlett's corner, sold that and built in 
the orchard west of the Randall Graves place, where Chestnut 
Plain road then run. Five ch : 



Violet. b29 Dec. 1731: 
Ebenezer, b 24 June, 1733 : (10) 
Elizabeth, b 7 Feb.. 1735, m Paul 



Belden of Wh : 
Perez, b 1737; (11) 
Samuel, b 1739 . (12) 



6 Joseph, son of Ebenezer (2), b at Hat 171 1, unm, res 
at Hat, d some yrs after his father's death, leaving property. 

7 Remembrance, son of Ebenezer (2), b at Hat 1713, 
d 14 March, 1804, ae about 90 3TS, m 1742, Hannah, dau of 



371 BARDWELL. 

Ebenezer and Hannah (Frary) Dickinson of Hat, b 17 Feb., 
1 715, res with his father on the old Bardwell homestead. He 
was- ver\- prominent as a citizen, possessing a large estate. 
Four ch : 

Sarah, b 30 Aug.. 1743. m 14 ^lareh. Hat. d 13 May, 1758. bore him 

1770. Jesse Billings of Hat : 8 ch ; 

Noah, b 28 April. 1748 : (13) Seth, b 23 Dec. 17o2. ru Hannah. 

Hannah, b 4 Aug.. 1750. m 13 Dec. dau of Salmon Dickinson of Hat. 

1780. Aaron Dickinson of Xorth 

8 Enoch, son of Samuel (3), b at Dfld 25 Feb., 1722. d 
22 Sept., i«i7. m 5 Dec, 1745, Epenence. dau of John 
Stebbins of Dfld. b 30 Oct., 1724, d 3 Sept., 17S3: ra (2) 
Widow Martha Root, rem early to Montague and subsequently 
to Shelburne. He had six children, among whom was : 

Ebenezer, b 2 Sept., 1746. ('14) Elijah and Consider, and one dau. 

The other sons were Enoch, Moses. Experience. 

9 Joseph, son of John (4), b at Hat 1713, m r May. 1735, 
Lydia Morton, dau of Ebenezer of Hat, res at Belchertown, 
where he d i Jan., 1791. He was prominent in town, served 
twelve months in the Revolutionary war. Among ten ch the 
ninth was : 

Obadiah. b 18 Sept.. 1757. (15) 

10 Ebenezer, son of Lieut. Ebenezer (5), b in Hat 24 
June, 1733, d 31 Dec. iSrS. ae 85 yrs. m 21 April, 1760, Sarah. 
dau of James and Kerziah (Carey) Tute of Dfld, bapt 5 March. 
1740, d 10 Dec, 1 82 1, ae 87 yrs. He bought the farm on the 
Island road or Claverack where Niles Colman lived and owned 
by the heirs of Reuben Belden and which he had willed to the 
town for educational purposes, but the conditions were so 
onerous that the town gave it up and he bought it and built the 
house which is now in ruins. The log house was torn down abt 
1778 and the frame house erected, which is now owned by his 
great-grandson Walter W. Bardwell. He was widely known 
as "Capt. George"; was a large, powerful man and much in 
service in the French and Indian war. Seven ch : 

John, b in Wh 17 Feb.. 1761 : (16) Hannah, b in Dfld 1768. m 23 Dec, 
Hannah, b in Wh 16 Oct.. 1762. d 1790. Timothy Edson of Wh : 

voung : Consider, b. at Dfld. 17()9 ; {10) 

Moses, b in Wh 16 Oct , 1764: ri7) Daniel, b 31 Oct.. 1773. (20) 
Asa. b in Dfld 1 Nov., 1766 : (18) 

11 Lieut. Perez, son of Lieut. Ebenezer (5), b in what 
is now Wh in 17371 d 18 12, m Tabitha Hastings of Hat. We 
have no dates or any knowledge of her parents, but why we say 
she was of Hat is that when they were admitted to the church 
in Wh she had a letter of dismissal and recommendation to the 
Wh ch as Tabitha Hastings. Hopestill Hastings had a dau, 
Tabitha, that Judd's Genealogy of Had says ''died, unm." 
We think that was a mistake and that she m Perez Bardwell. 
■He was of stalwart frame, was in the French and Indian war, 



BARDWELL- 372 

enlistino: in 1756 in Capt. John Burke's compan}', Crown Point 
expedition, again 1757 in Capt. Barnard's company as a cor- 
poral and in the same company in 175S and '59. and in the ex- 
pedition to Canada in 1760 and '61; in the Revolutionary war a 
lieutenant. Capt. Israel Chapin's company, Capt. Fellows' reg- 
iment, was a long time in sen-ice. After the close of the Revo- 
lutionan.- war we find him prominent in Shay's rebellion, being 
put in jail at Nthn with two other former officers in the army 
and held as hostages for the capture of one Elder Ely, who had 
been an active fomentor of resistance to the government. They 
were liberated from the jail by a ruse practised by three men 
who had been their comrades in the Revolutionary army who 
demanded their liberty or threatened to batter down the prison. 
The jailer complied and let them go. Lieut. Bardwell re- 
mained at W'h and vicinity until he rem to Phelps, Wayne 
county. New York. In 1771 he possessed a farm and farm 
buildings in W'h. two horses, one cow, twent}' acres of mowing, 
eight acres of tillage, eight acres of pasture and fifty-six bush- 
els of grain, for which he was taxed. He prob owned the 
place where Wells Dickinson now lives. Six ch : 

Quartus, b abt ITlio. was a soldier in Perez, Jr., b 12 Feb., 1768: (31) 

the war of 181~-'1-1. din tiieaiiuy, Pollv. bapt IG May, 1773; 

mmi: ' Waitstill. b 28 May, 177o : (22) 

Waitstill. b 2!) May, 1707. d .soon: Joel, b 19 Oct., 1779. (23) 

12 Sainiuel, son of Lieut. Ebenezer (5), b at Wh 1739, m 
i7^Iarch, i"63, ]\Iartha Belden of Ash, built a house in i76o 
or '61, on lot No. 68, fourth division of Commons, where Wells 
Dickinson now lives, prob in company with his brother, Lieut. 
Perez, sold to Nathaniel Hawks abt 1768. He was in the 
French and Indian war 1757, '58 and '59, rem from Wh to Ash 
before his marriage, but came back to Wh and then went back 
to Ash where he died in 1797, ae 58 yrs. Three ch : 

Elias. b abt 1768, m and had 10 ch : Violet, bapt 21 April, 1778. 

Robert, b abt 1770, mand had family • 

13 Lieut. Noah, son of Remembrance (7), b at Hat 28 
April, 1748, d 13 March, 1828, ae 80 yrs. m abt 1768, Lucy 
Waite, dau of Elisha and Martha (Wells) Waite of Hat, b 12 
Nov., 1749, d II Sept., 1833, ae 84, rem to Wh immediately 
after their marriage and settled on land formerly' owned by his 
father and built a log house on Poplar hill road near the large 
house built for a hotel which he kept for many yrs, now owned 
by Samuel Wills. It is claimed that he cut the first tree in 
that part of Wh. He was a patriotic citizen, prompt in the 
discharge of ever>- duty. He ser\^ed in the Revolutionarj- war 
as a lieutenant, was one of the owners of the sawmill at the 
"city," built and operated an oil mill aside from his large farm, 
was much in town office as one of the board of selectmen and 
assessors. When he rem to Wh there was a road only part of 
the way, the rest being marked by blazed trees. He built his 
log house the year before his marriage. Fifteen ch : 



373 



BARDWELL. 



Lueinda and Aminda. (twins), b 29 
July, 1T84. : Lueinda. d unni: 
Aminda. m Joel, son of Reuben 
3Iunson : 
Justin, b 2 Nov.. 1786, d soon: 
(.'otton. b 25 MaT. 1788: (29) 
Justin, b 3 April'; 1790: (28) 
Spencer, b 19 Dec. 1792. d 26 Aag., 

1796. with dvsenterv: 
Lucy; b 30 Jan^. 1795"', d 26 Ang.. 
1796. with dvsenterv. 



Orange, b in \Vh -4 Oct., 1769: (24) 
Alinda. b in Wh 11 March, 1771. m 

12 March, 1798. John Moor: 
Clarissa, b 26 Jan.. 1773. d 15 Dec. 

1776: 
Chester, b 1 Sept.. 1774; (25) 
Charles, b 27 Sept.. 1776: (26) 
Cotton, b 9 Feb.. 1779. d 25 June, 

1 '^S'* - 

Noah.' Jr.'. b 4 Feb. . 1781 : (27) 
Clarissa, b 23 Dec, 1772. m 23 Nov.. 
1820. Silas Frary of Wh; 

14 Ebenezer. son of Enoch (8), b at Montague 2 Sept., 
1746. d at Shelburne 29 Nov., 1798, m 3 Aug., 1771, Philena, 
dau of Jonathan Smead of Gfld, b 14 Aug., 1747, d 4 Oct., 1805, 
res at Shelburne. They had 7 ch, among them the fifth was : 

Amasa, b 2 Sept., 1781. (30) 

15 Obadiah, son of Joseph (9), b at Belchertown, iS 
Sept., 1757, d 10 March, 1853, ae 95 yrs, m 2 Oct., 1782, Mehit- 
able Smith, b i June, 1763, d 12 Sept., 1852, ae 89 yrs, rem to 
Heath and subsequently to Williamstown in 1800. Ten ch : 

Lydia, b 14 Mav, 1795, m 1817 Noah 

Cook ; 
Clarissa. b4 Oct., 1798, m 14 Aug.. 

1828. Leonard Loomis of Wh : 



Mary Smith, b 18 July, 1788, m in 

1805, Edmond Badger; 
Martha, b 1 March, 1785. m 1811. 

Daniel Allen, d 1865 ; 
Chester, b 12 Feb.. 1787: (31) 
Giles Smith, b 29 Oct.. 1788. ra 1 Dec, 

1814. Sally McGee: 
Josephus. b 9 Oct., 1790, ni .\bigail 

Stratton : 



Sophia Allis, b 28 July. 1802. m Arad 

Horsford ; 
Abner Smith, h 25 March. 1804. d 2 

April. 1S04: 
Lucv, b 22 March. 1805, ni Tiuiothv 
'M: Baker. 



16 John, son of Ebenezer f 10), b at Wh 17 Feb.. 1761, d 
25 Sept., 1845, ae 85 yrs, m 5 March, 1792, Widow Mary 
Rogers, dau of Jonathan and Mehitable (Lilly) Edson of Wh, 
b 1767, d II Oct., 1833, rem to Brooklield. Vt., and thence to 
Genesee county, N. Y., in 18 12. Nine ch : 



Electa, b in Wh 11 April, 1791, d 17 

July, 1893; 
Chester, b in Wh 17 Nov., 1794, m 

1817 Lucretia Huntley, din Wis., 

1868; 
Benjamin R.. b in Wh 21 Sept.. 1796, 

m 1817 Mar>' Huntlev, d in New 

York state 1868 : 
Seth, b at Brooktield. 10 June. 1798. 

mjan.. 1826, Mar\- Rogers, d at 

Belvidere, 111. : 
Dexter, b at Brooktield. 24 March. 



1810, m 20 Jan.. 1880. Tirzah S. 
Russ, res at Corfu, N. Y. : 

Samuel and Sarah, (twins), b at 
Brooktield,- 30 Aug.. 1805: .Sam- 
uel d 18 Mav. 1826: Sarah m Sam- 
uel Edson. d 10 Feb.. 1841: 

Tohn. Jr., b at Brooktield, 7 Aug.. 
1809. m Nov., 1832. Claris-sa 
Stone, res at Ionia. Iowa: 

Electa, b at Brooktield. 3 Sept.. 1812. 
d same day : 

The five sons had in all 31 ch. 



17 Moses, son of Ebenezer (10), b at Wh 16 Oct., 1764, 
went early to Vernon, Vt., and lived with his grandfather, 
James Tute, m Sarah Merriam of Brattleboro, Vt., 1788. 
Nine ch : 



Hannah, b 6 Julv, 1789, m 9 March, 
1814, Chester Wells of Wh; 



Sarah, b 9 May. 1791. d unni. mother 
of Luther Bardwell; 



BARDWELL. 



374 



Deli<:ht. b 31 Jan., ITllo, ni Benjamin Eunice, b 15 June. 1800. m John 

Fisher: " Picket: 

Maliiida, 1) 5 Any., 1795. m Waterman So]ihia. b 9 April. 1808. m Horace 

Bartlelt of \Vh : Bardwell of Wh : 

Ebenezer. b 8 Oct.. 1798. ni Lucinda Alanson. b (3 March. 1806. m Philena 

Aeklev. res at Brattleboro, Vt. : Ackley: 

Eliza, b 80 June. 1809, d unm. 

18 Asa, son of Ebenezer (lo), bat Wh i Nov., 1766, d 
at Wh 4 March, 1S46, m 17 May, 1791, Mary, dau of Deacon 
Elisha Belden of Wh, b 8 Nov., 1766. d 22 Aug., 1832. He 
was an estimable man ; a farmer and lived on the old homestead 
in Wh. Six ch : 

Demis. b 24 .Sept.. 1797. d unm 29 

Feb.. 1878: 
Hannah, b 5 Dec. 1801. m Justus 

Bardwell of Wh : 
April. 1S82: Horace, b 8 March. 1804. (33) 

19 Consider.' son of Ebenezer ( ro 



Spiddv. b 19 >'ov 


. . 1792. m Ju.stus 


Crafts of Wh: 




Chester, b 20 Jan.. 


1795: (-32) 


Betsev. b 15 Feb.. 


1796. d unm 24 



Matilda 



b at Wh 1769, m 
, rem early to White River Junction, as it is now 



called, in the town of Hartford, Vt., kept a hotel for several 
vears. became a large landholder. He sold out in 1817 and rem 
to Whitehall, N. Y. Ch : 

William, no dates or further record: 
Harvev. no dates or further record. 



There were others whose names are 
unknown to me. 



20 Daniel, son of Ebenezer (10), b at Wh 31 Oct., 1773. 
m in 179S, Ruth Branch of Tunbridge, \'t.. where he lived and 
died: a resolute, go-ahead sort of a man. Twelve ch, all b at 
Tunbridge, Vt. : 



Justus, b 8 Sept.. 1799: (84) 
Cvrus B. . b Nov. , 1801 ; (85 ) 
William, b 11 Sept.. 1803: (36) 
Hiram, b 10 April. 1805 : (87) 
Hannah, m James Curtis of Chicopee, 
Olive, m Marcus Barton of Granbv 

Vt. : 
Daniel, Jr. , m Eliza Bruce of Wh ; 

21 Perez, son of Lieut. Perez (11), bprobat Wh 12 Feb., 
1768. m 1794, Eiinice Culver, b 16 Oct., 1779, d Feb., 1849, 
res at- Weelonnie, Winnebago county, Wis. Ten ch : 



John, m Jane Slocumb: 

Sarah, m 2 Sept. , 1842. Joseph Pelton : 

Almira, m 10 Sept., 1842, Waldron 

Trask of Nthn ; 
Frank, b 1825, d unm at Tunbridge, 

Vt. : 
Asa, b 1827, d unm at Tunbridge, Vt. 



Rhoda, b 26 Sept., 1787, d at 4 yrs of 

age : 
Joel, b 5 April. 1800. m Susan Gillett 

and had 11 ch. lived in New York 

state : 
Wealthy, b 12 Feb.. 1803. m Benjamin 

Wescott ; 
Hiram, b 2 Jan.. 1805. m Emma 

Baldwin : 
OrrinR.. b 22 Sept.. 1807, m Ann 



Tracer, 30 Oct.. 1831: 
Allen C. b20 Sept.. 1810: 
Ira C. b 12 Feb., 1812, d unm 1832; 
Rev. Chester H., b 5 Aug.. 1814. m 

Lucinda Richards of Phelps. 

N. Y. ; 
Rhoda Ann. b 5 Oct.. 1816, m Thomas 

J. Lowry in 1840; 
George A., b 5 March, 1820, a noted 

physician. 



22 Waitstill, son of Lieut. Perez (11), b in Wh, bapt 
28 May, 1775, d 1843, ae 76 yrs, m 1797, Eunice, dau of Cassius 
Gillette,- d 12 Feb., 1862, ae 85 yrs, res at Birdsell, Alleghany 



375 



BARDWELL. 



county, N. Y. A farmer; served in the artillen.- service, war oj 
iSi2-'i4. At the battle of Black Rock he trained his gun upon 
the headquarters of the British and sent a solid shot through the 
house, scattering the officers in a hurr}'. Thirteen ch, all born 
at Geneseo, X. V. : 



Lyman, d in infancy; 

Sarah, d in infancy: 

Lyman D. and Sarali, (twins), b 28 

Jan., 1808; Lyman D., m Sarah 

Ann Kensinger: Sarah, m James 

Bostwick ; 
Waitstill C. b 20 Feb.. 1810, m 

Rebecca Burdick : 



Eleazer. b 11 Auc:., 1814; 
Thomas, b 20 Aug.. 181 (J: 
Augustus, d 1838, unm; 
Palmer, d 1848, unm; 
Theresa, ra James Hazard; 
Eunice, m Jessie Jaquith : 
>Iar}'. d young. 



23 Joel, son of Lieut. Perez (, ii), b in Wh, bapt 19 
Oct., 1779, d at Granger, Alleghany county, N. Y., winter rSio, 
ae 65 YTs, m'1799 Susan Gillette, d in Michigan, 1S46, res Gran- 
ger, N. Y. He was for many years a deputy sheriff and famous 
as -a detective ; he was six feet, two inches tall, a very powerful, 
athletic man. Twelve ch, all b at Granger, N. Y. : 

Sallv. b 7 June. 1800. m (1) Lyman sev Allen Smith, res at Grove. 

'Ely, (2) George WTiite; ^^■' Y. 

Pollv. "b 1801 ; Infant son, d soon ; 



Infant dau, b 1803. d same day; 

Infant son. b I8O0. d soon; 

Joel, b 8 Feb.. 180(5. m Hannah Dan- 
iels, res at Grove. N. Y. : 

Celona. b 1808. m David Booth of 
Granger. N. Y. . 3 eh : 

Silas F.. b 1 Jan.. 1810, m 1831, Bet- 



Harrison, b 4 April. 1814. m 10 Sept.. 

1837, Anne Smith of Granger. 

N. Y.; 
Roger, b 1818; 
Susannah, m John Guptillof Granger. 

N. Y. ; 
Palmer, no dates. 



24 Or.\xge, son of Lieut. Noah (13), b in \Vh 4 Oct., 
1769, d 23 May 1S43, ae 74 yrs, m 23 Feb.. 1796, Euphamie, 
dau of Nathaniel and Jane Moor of Wh, b 1771, d 26 June. 
1847, ae 76 yrs, res on Dr>' hill, Wh. A farmer, often in ofhce. 
Ten Ch : 



Spencer, b 25 Nov.. 1796; (38) 
Susan, b 15 ^larch. 1798, m Orrm 

Munyan, of Nthn; 
Seth. b loOct., 1799; (39) 
Jane, b 27 Oct., 1801, m 17 Sept.. 

1829. Calvin .Alexander of Wh ; 
Aimis, b 18 Sept.. 1803. m Alviu 

Munson of Wh ; 



John :\Ioor. b 8 June. 1805; (40) 
Betsey, b 21 Mov.. 1808. m 9 Oct.. 
1834. Otis Kingsley of Williams- 



burg; 



Orange. Jr., b 16 June. 1811 ; (41) 
William, b 13 Oct.. 1813; (42) 
Euphamie. b 6 May. 1816, m 7 Sept., 

1843. Fi-ederick Tavlor of Nelson. 

N. H. 



25 Chester, son of Lieut. Noah (13), b at Wh i Sept., 
1774, d 22 March, 1859, ae 85 yrs, m (r) Eunice, dau of Jona- 
than and Elizabeth (Otis) Bigelow of Colchester, Ct., b 1773, 
d 23 April, 1S41, ae 68 yrs; (2) Widow Bullard, res on Dry 
hill Wh. Nine ch : 



Sarah, b 20 March, 1795, m Giles 

Dickinson of Wh; 
Julia, b 22 March, 1801, m Giles 

Dickinson, his second wife : 
Dencv, b 24 ^ept., 1803, d unm 2 

Nov., 1845; 
Otis, b3 Jan., 1806; (43) 



Halsev. b 18 Julv. 1808, d 1 Nov.. 

1809; 
Halsey. b28 0ct.. 1810: (44) 
Chester. Jr.. b 5 Feb., 1812; (45) 
Sherman, b 15 June. 1815; (46) 
Eunice, b 18 Sept.. 1819. m Caleb, son 

of Reuben Crafts. 



BARDWELL. 376 

26 Charles, son of Lieut. Noah (13). b in \Vh 27 Sept., 
1776. d 30 Nov., 1845, m (I) 23 Jan., iSoo, Hannah, dau of 
Ebenezer and Elizabeth (Dexter) Clark of Con, d 20 March, 
1817, m (2) 25 April, iSiq, Charlotte Leach of Stafford, Ct., d 
23 June, 1 86 1, ae 74 yrs. He was a prominent and able man, 
rem to Stafford, Ct., but returned to \Vh. Four ch, all b in Wh : 

Harriet, b 27 Juiie. 1808. m Theoph- Maiy Ami. b 21 Feb.. 1807, m Alvah 

ilus KniLTht of Stafford. Ct. ; Fraucis, 22 ^'ov., 1824; 

Lincoln, b 3 Dec. 1804: (47) Prisei] la Elvira, b 9 Dec, 1808, m 

William Stroud, 21 June, 1827. 

27 Noah, Jr., son of Lieut. Noah (13), b in Wh 4 Feb., 
17S1. d in Illinois t2 Nov., 1839, m 3 Dec, 1802, Rachel Bond 
of Con, b 26 Jan., 17S1, d 22 March. 1S66. He was a man of 
suave manners and genteel appearance, a fluent conversation- 
alist and always bore the euphonious sobriquet of "old head," 
rem to Illinois abt 1835, Six ch, all b in Wh : 

>Iira. b 23 Jan., 1804. m 5 Aug., 1826, Royal J., b 22 April, 1814 : (48) ' 

Erastus Muuson of Wh : Samuel S.. b 8 Dec. 1810 ; (49) 

Ardelia. b 19 Jan., 1806, m 27 :May. :Milton B.. b 30 April, 1821 ; (50) 

1829. Ambrose Stone; Ela Childs, b 23 Feb., 1823. (51) 

28 Justin, son of Lieut. Noah (13), b at Wh 2 Nov., 
1786, d 24 Sept., 1826, m 4 April. 1811, Esther, dau o^ Capt. 
David and Esther (Frar}-) Scott of Williamsburg, b 30 May, 
1789, d 7 April, 1872. Seven ch : 

Infant son. b 17 April, 1812. d 18 Sarah.dll Sept., 1810; 

April, 1812: Edwin, b 18 Aug., 1819 : (52) 

Sophia, b 10 Jan., 1814, m Harvey Charles, b 22 June, 1822, d 8 March. 

Moor of Wh; 1823; 

Hannah and Sarah, (twins), b 17 Olive, b 26 Sept.. 1824. d 17 Aug., 

Aug.. 1816; Hannah, dunm: 1848. 



^o 



29 Cotton, son of Lieut. Noah (13), b 25 May, 1788, d 
II June, 1826, m iSii, Widow Fanny AUis, dau of Heman 
Swift of Wh, b II April, 1787, d 28 Feb., 1845, res at Wh. A 
farmer. Th;-ee ch : 

Maria, b 30 Oct., 1812, m 25 March, 1884, James Moor of Wh : 

1829, Otis Bardwell of Wh : Laurette, b 5 July, 1816, m 31 July 

Fidelia, b 23 April, 1814, ra 3 July, 1837, Otis Moor of Wh. 

30 Amasa, son of Ebenezer (14), b at Shelburne 2 Sept., 
1 78 1, m 26 Feb., 1806, Rebecca Rawson of Con, res at Shel- 
burne. They had eight ch, the first being : 

William Frederick, b 21 Nov., 1800. (53) 

31 Dr. Chester, son of Obadiah (15), b at Heath 22 
Feb., 1787, d 14 May, 1864, m 28 Aug., 1817, Mary, dau of Dr. 
John and Sybil (Dickinson) Hastings of Hat, b 1794. He 
entered W^illiams college, but left before completing his full 
term, .studied for his profession with Dr. John Hastings at Hat 
and practiced with him for a time, rem to Wh abt 18 16 and 
built the house of late owned by Dennis Dickinson. He took a 
fair rank in his profession, was rep three times and a member of 



^:^^.. 



ft'- 




;/^'^'^^*^iV 




\./:zS.I 



-^ ■ 




Dr. Chester Bakdweli.. 



377 BARDWELL. 

the state senate two terms from Franklin county. A man of in- 
tegrity and moral worth, energetic as well as of genial habits. 
Seven ch, all b at Wh : 

John Hastings, b 21 Sept., 1818. d Marv. b 8 June. 1827. .1 unra 27 Oct., 

unm 1848 : 1862 ; 

Svbil D., b 4 Sept., 1820. m 1 Jan.. Sophia H.. b 7 March. 1829. oi 15 

1844. Hubbard S. Allis : Oct., 18o2. Ransom P. Bardwell 

Clailssa S.. b 20 Sept.. 1823. ui 4 of Wh : 

Sept.. 1850. Elam B. Allis : Martha A., b 15 April. 1833. dunm 

Charles C. P., b 21 July. 1821 ; (54) 18(35. 

32 Chester, son of Asa (iS), b at Wh 20 Jan.. 1795, d 
26 April, 1878, ae 83 yrs, m 25 March, 1839, Sally Porter of 
Ash, d r Aug.. 1866, ae 63 yrs. He was a staid farmer of con- 
servative habits and unobtrusive manners. He built the farm 

buildings now owned by Thomas Flinn. No ch. 

/^ 

33 Horace, son of Asa (18). b at Wh 8 March, 1804, d 
26 July, 1863, m Sophia, dau of Moses Bardwell (17), hg April, 
1803, d 28 Jan., 1828, ae 25 yrs, res at Wh with his father on 
the old homestead. A good and progressive farmer. One ch : 

Infant son. b 28 Jan.. 1728. d same day. 

34 Justus, son of Daniel (20), b at Tunbridge, Vt., 8 
Sept., 1799, d 9 Jan., 1864, ae 65 yrs, m Nov.. 1825, Hannah, 
dau of Asa and Mary (Belding) Bardwell of Wh, b Dec, i8or. 
d 26 May, 1862. res at Wh. A carpenter. Two ch : 

Walter William, b 2(5 Aug.. 1826, d 8 Walter William, b 27Jr.lv, 1827. (55) 
Dec. 1826; 

35 Cyrus Branch, son of Daniel (20), bat Tunbridge, 
Vt., Nov., 1801. d 9 Jan., 1879, at North Had, m i Jan., 1827. 
Roxana, dau of Lemuel and Roxa (Allis) Waite of Wh, b 9 
Feb., 1805, d 14 Feb., 1857. A blacksmith, res at Wh twenty 
yrs and then rem to Chicopee, but d at North Had while on a 
visit. Seven ch, all b at Wh : 

Almira A., b 23 Nov.. 1827, m John Electa Amelia, b 8 Dec, 1833, d unm 

Boyden of Con ; 9 April, 1861 ; 

Hannah >I., b 21 April, 1830, m Wil- Fidelia Wrisley, b 29 June, 1838, d 

liam Boyden of Con : 9 Feb. , 1846 : 

Mary Jane, b 23 Jan.. 1832. m H. J. Sarah Yianna. b 29 June. 1838. m 8 

Pierce of Central Falls. R. I. : .Jan.. 1870, Alden Gilbert of 

Eliza Malvissa, b 8 Feb., 1836, m John North Had. 

P. Miller of lUion. N. Y. ; 

36 William, son of Daniel (20), b at Tunbridge. Vt., 11 
Sept., 1803, d 5 Sept., 1S83. ae So yrs, m (i) July, 1827, Han- 
nah, dau of Paul Davis of Mason. N. H., d 11 Oct., 1S70, m (2) 
9 Aug., 1 87 1, Pheba Wood of Pelham. A farmer, res at Wh. 
Eight ch : 

Charles D., b 4 May, 1829 : ( 56) Simon D.. b 1 June, 1844. d voung; 

George W., b 22 Sept.. 1832 ; (57) ^[aiy Jane, b 30 April. 1846, d voung; 

John H., b 23 Aug., 1834; (.58) Hannah M.. b 30 Dec. 1848. d young; 

Lucy R.. b 16 Dec, 1840, d 15 Sept., Mary C. b 1 June, 1847, d young. 
1844; 



BARDW'ELL. 378 

37 Hiram, son of Daniel (20), b at Tunbridge, Vt., 10 
April, 1805, ra i April, 1S35, Zilpah Morton of Xthn, where he 
rem abt 1S40. Four ch : 

Lizzie, b 8 Oct., 1843. m 8 3Iarch. Henn- H'.. b 18 Sept., 1845. killed off 
180)4, Heiir\- Randall : Roanoke Island, unm. He was 

Abbie J., b 2T July, 1847, ra Theo- in the 27th Regt. ]Mass. Vols.; 

dore Place ; Nancy M., b 1847, d young. 

38 Spencer, son of Orange (24), b at Wh 25 Nov., 
1796, d 15 May, 1SS4, ae 87 yrs, m 22 Aug., 1822, Sophia, dau of 
Capt. David and Esther (Frar}') Scott of Williamsburg, b 11 
Aug., 1797. A farmer, lived a few years in Williamsburg then 
rem to \Vh. Some of his ch were born in Williamsburg and 
some in Wh. Sophia, his wife, d 28 July, 1S82, ae 85. She 
furnished many facts for this book. Ten ch : 

Electa, b 27 June, 1823. m Horace Fanny W.. b 5 March, 1833. m David 

McKimiev : Scott of Wh : 

Alvin O.. b 22 Oct.. 1824. d unm : Charles S.. b 5 Aug., 1835. A lieucen- 
Sarah. b 27 May. 182G : ant in 37th Regt., killed at "Win- 

Jeanette C. b'25 June, 1820. m 17 Chester, Va.. G Oct.. 18G4: 

Sept.. 1848. Capt. William A. Orange and Euphamia, b 31 ^March, 

Xash of Williamsburg : 1837 : ( )range d same dav : Eupha- 

Esther ^{.. h 2G Feb.. 1831, m Ber- mia, d 3 April, 1837 : 

nard Hastings of South Dfld ; Francis G., b 13 July, 1842. (59) 

39 Capt. Seth. son of Orange (24), b in Wh 15 Oct., 
1799, d 10 March. 1S76, ae 76 yrs, m 15 Sept., 1S25, Sophia, 
dau of Daniel Pratt, d 1881, res in Wh. He was a clothier 
by trade and was engaged for many years in manufacturing 
woolen cloths. He was prominent in town and church, often in 
office as selectman and assessor, rep to the Massachusetts legis- 
lature, an excellent man and held in high esteem. Six ch : 

Washington H.. b 2 Oct., 1826 : (60) Mary Ann. b 29 June, 1888, m Henry 
D wight Foster, b 25 Dec, 1827 ; (61) Briggs ; 

Ransom Pratt, b 26 Aug.. 1829 ; (62) William Henry Harrison, b 29 Nov., 
Lucelia Amelia, b 29 Oct., 1830, imm 1840. (63) 

1899 ; 

40 John Moor, son of Orange (24), b at Wh 8 June, 
1805, d 16 Jan., 1887 at Con, where he lived the last five years 
of his life, m (i) Samantha, dau of John Perr>' of Worthington, 
9 Oct.. 1834; m (2) 27 Feb., 1873, Mrs. Jerusha Williams, dau 
of Jonathan Taylor of Ash. d 5 Dec, 1898, res in Wh until late 
in life. He was deacon of the Baptist church, an original 
abolitionist: an honest, upright man. Six ch, all b in Wh : 

George W.. b 22 July, 183G ; (64) F, 2d Regt.. JMass. Vols. ; 

Belsey Ann, b 12 Dec, 1827 m Whit- Orange, b 22 Feb.. 1844. d unm, 

ney Hill : killed at the battle of the Wilder- 
Marietta, b 11 Oct., 1839. m Hiram ness 6 ]\Iay. 1864. He was in the 

Graves now of Wh ; 37th Regt. Mass. Vols. ; 

Dwight W.. b 21 March. 1840. d unm Euphamie J., b 9 June, 1845. m 20 

in hospital at Newbume. N. C. June. 1865, Fi'ank E. Weston 

Nov., 1864. He was in company of Wh. 



379 BARDWELL. 

41 Orange. Jr.. son of Orange (24). b at \Vh 16 June. 
i8ti, m Amanda Lewis of Williamsburg, rem to Kansas, where 
he res. Three ch. can get no dates : 

Seott, Lena and Jared Lewis. 

42 Rev. William, son of Orange (24), b at Wh 13 Oct.. 
1813, m Mar>' Pearl of Chesterfield. He was a Methodist cler- 
gyman and d at Nthn. Two ch. no dates : 

William. Jr.. and Mary. 

43 Otis, son of Chester (25), b in Wh 3 Jan., 1806, d iS 
Sept.. 18S9, ae S3 yrs, m 25 March, 1S29, Maria, dau of Cotton 
and Fanny (Swift) Bardwell of Wh, b 30 Oct., 1S12. d 29 Nov., 
1 8 73, res at Wh ; two as estimable people as ever lived in town. 
Six ch: 

Cotton, b 11 Nov.. 1837 • (65) Henry W.. b IT .July, 1840 : (1)6) 

Lauri-ette. b April. 1841. m 14 Feb.. Charles Dwight. b 19 Mav, I80O : (67) 

1866, George W. Moor of Wh • Olive, b lo Nov.. 18o2. m .5 .Jan.. 
Diana, b 4 June. 18o4, m 9 May, 1876. John Strong of Hat. d 30 

1861. Nelson H. Damon of Wh; Sept., 1878, ae 2o yrs. 

44 Halsey, son of Chester (25), b at Wh 28 Oct., iSio, d 
29 Jan.. 1863, m 26 Nov., 1835, Mariette Packard of Cumming- 
ton. They rem to Nthn where their four ch were b : 

Evander. b at Wh 1836. drowned at Augustus and Augusta, rtwinsi. b at 
Chelsea, ae 19 }Ts : Wh 1839 : Augustus, d unm ae 

Sumner, b at Wh. 1837 ; (68) 2'2 yrs : Augusta, d ae 2 yrs. 

45 Chester, son of Chester (25), bat Wh 5 Feb.. 1S12, 
d 5 June, 1S66, m 7 May, 1835, Lucinda, dau of Joseph and 
Adeucy (Graves) Mather, b 29 March, 1S13, d 21 Feb., 1SS3. 
A farmer, a man of singular purity and honesty, respected by 
all. res in Wh. Eleven ch, all b in Wh : 

Amelia E.. b 24 Jan.. 1886. m Frank M. Crafts of Wh ; 

Jennings of Stafford. Ct. .- Sarah J., b 1.5 Jan.. 1850. m Charles 

Martha M.. b 1 Oct.. 1837. m Oscar H. Manchester of Hat: 

Akersof Somers. Ct. : Watson, b 28 Jan.. 1852. unm. 1899: 

Cordelia S.. b 24 July, 1839. m Frank Althea D.. b 7 3Iay. 1854, m 7 May, 

Vaughn, res in Mame ; 1872. Henrv D. Anderson of 

Justin, b 24 May. 1841 : (69) Orange: 

Hiram, b 9 March, 1843; (70) Marv E.. b 29 May. 1859. d 1 April. 

James, b 2 Sept.. 1845: (71) 1891. m Fred B. -Inderson of 

Luanna E.. b 26 Sept.. 1847. m John Haydenville. 

46 Sherman, son of Chester (25), b at Wh 15 June. 
1815, d 4 March, 1866, m 22 July, 1S41, Parmelia Howard of 
Dfld, b 12 Dec. 1814, d r6 Sept..' rSS8, res at Wh. He was a 
farmer, built a house at the Straits, known as Steam's place. 
Five ch, b at Wh : 

ElishaS.. b 21 April. 1842. unm, 1899; March, 1868 : 

Elijah G., b 3 Mav. 1843. unm, 1899 ; Mary C, b 7 Feb.. 1846. unm. 1899: 

Eunice B., b 30 5lay, 1844. d imm 9 Sherman B.. b 16 Sept.. 1849. (72) 

47 Lincoln, son of Charles (26), b at Wh 6 Dec, 1804, 
d 9 Oct., 1881. m 17 Sept., 1832, Ann Jennings of Stafford, Ct., 



BARDWELL. 380 

d 15 Sept., 1S57. ae 4s vrs. He was a machinist and res in 
Stafford, Ct. One ch T 

Miry Grover. b 7 Feb., 1834. m James C. Cross of Stafford, Ct. 

48 Royal J., son of Noah, Jr., (27), b in Wh 22 April, 
1S14, m (i) 8 March. 1S46, Mrs. Anna E., dau of William and 
Susan (Gerty) Hunt, b 21 July, 1820, d 2 Jan., 1854 ; (3) 4 
July, 1859, Susan M. Hunt, a sister of first wife, b 14 Dec, 
1814. in Salem, Washington county, M. Y. He rem from Wh 
at twenty-seven yrs of age and res at Tekamah, Neb. Five ch : 

Charles E., b 20 Feb.. 1847 : lud. : 

Franoes E.. b 25 Feb., 1849. d 29 Norton W., b 1 June, 1853 : 

Dec. 1S(J4 : Susie E.. b 21 Nov., 18G0. m 18 Mav, 

:Mira E.. b 20 May, 1850, m 24 Nov.. 1880. A. F. White, cashier of 

I87(i. W. B. White of Solon, National bank at Tekamah, Neb. 

49 Samuel S., son of Noah, Jr., (27), b at Wh 8 Dec, 
i8i6,- d in crossing the plains to California, no dates, m Mary^ 
M. Queen of Mackinaw, 111. She m (2) Robert Cole of La- 
Platte, Mo. Two ch : 

Rachel Adaline, no dates, m Simon county. !Mo. ; 

B. Shearer of La Platte. Macon Child, b and d same day. 

50 Milton B., son of Noah (27), bat Wh 30 April, 182 1, 
m 21 Nov., 1847, Mary Evans, b 22 June, 1S21, res at DeWitt, 
Iowa. He left Wh abt 1840. Four ch : 

Emogene. b 14 Mav. 1849. m 1 Jan., Ela J., b 14 Nov., 1858: 

1868. Albert Needham ; Milton D.. b 27 March, 1862. 

Philetus. b 12 Aug.. 1857: 

51 Ela Childs, son of Noah, Jr., (27), b at Wh 21 Feb., 
1823, m Martia Ann Strong, who d lea\ang no ch, and he rem 
to Williamstowm, N. C, where he is engaged in mercantile 
pursuits. 

52 Edwin, son of Justin (28), b at Wh 18 Aug., 1819, d 
2 Sept., 7884, m 13 Aug., 1846. Artemesia, dau of John and 
Euphamia (Smith) Munson of Wh, b 30 Aug., 1826. A farmer 
res at Wh, a leading citizen, rep, selectman many times, a gen- 
ial, pleasant and popular man. Two ch : 

Emma Josephine, b 14 March, 1850. Dorus B. Bradford of Williams- 

m (1) 31 Dec, 1868, James bure: 

Bardwell. He d 2 Oct.. 1870. Charles Edwin, b 9 July, 1854. (73) 
and she m (2) 22 May. 1872. 

53 William Fkedrick, son of Amasa (30), b at Shel- 
burne, 21 Nov., 1806, d 17 Nov., 1885, ae 79 yrs, m 22 June, 
1834, Martha S.. dau of John and Catharine (Morton) Waite of 
Wh, b 3 June, 1808, res at Wh. He was a pocketbook manu- 
facturer. Three ch, b in Wh : 

Mary Ann. b 24 Feb.. 1835. m 3 Abbie M.,b 13 June, 1838, m 12 Nov., 

June. 1858. Henry Lyman who 1862, Thomas Sanderson of Wh : 

was in the Civil war. 52 Regt., d Frank D., b 8 Mav, 1842, served in 

22 May. 1863, in Louisiana : - the 10th Regt.,' d 23 March, 1871. 



381 BARD WELL. 

54 Charles C. P., son of Dr. Chester (31), b at Wli 21 
July, 1825, ra 2 Jan., 1S50, Sarah Ann, dau of Eurotus and 
Sally (x-\ His) Dickinson of Wh, b 13 Jan., -1837'. They res at 
Turners Falls. Four ch : 

John Hastings, b at Wh 3 Jan.. 1801. Plenrv Dickinson, b at Wh '24 Ciot 

d 18 Oct.. I80I : l'85G: 

Ellen Hastings, b at Wh 16 Sept., Clara Allis. b at Wh 24 .June, I808, 

1852. d 21 Aug., 18o3: ra a Mr. Allen of Turners Falls. 

55 Walter William, son of Justus (34), b 27 July, 1827, 
.ra 30 April, 1S51, Harriet L. Clark of Cambridge, Vt., res on 
the old Bardwell homestead in Wh. A farmer. Five ch : 

Melvin H.. b 9 Feb.. 18o2. d : Horace M., b 80 .June, 1807 : fTO) 

Wilbur F., b 10. Jan.. 1854 : ("74) Hannah D.. b 24 Feb., 1870. m Joseph 

Chester P.. b 8 Jan.. 1803 : (75) Felix. 

56 Charles D., son of William (36), b at Wh 4 May, 

1839, m April, 1855, Mary Putnam of Rutland, b 1S32. rem 
from Wh to some town in Worcester county. One adopted ch : 

Clara, no dates. 

57 George W.. son of William (36), b at Wh 22 Sept., 
1832. He enlisted in the war of the Rebellion and d in the 
ser\dce, m 6 Sept., 1853, Risphia Miller, b 22 July, 1S25, res in 
central Massachusetts. She m (2) W. M. Belden, res at 
Belchertown. Two ch: 

Lucy M., b 26 June. 1854: George W.. b Feb.. 1850. 

58 John H., son of William (36), b at Wh 23 Aug., 1S34, 
m 17 July, 1858. Caroline Bacon of Schaghticoke, X. Y., b S Dec, 

1840, rem to Belchertown. A thrifty, go-ahead farmer. Four ch: 

Mary J., b in Wh 25 Feb., 1800 ; Charles H., b in Belchertown 7 Jan.. 

Carrie V.. b in Wh 1 June, 1861, d 14 1806: 

Aug., 1861; Infant, b in Belchertown 7 Jan., 1874. 

59 Francis G., son of Spencer (38), b at Wh 13 July, 
1842, m 27 Oct., 1864, Martha E.. dau of Otis and Lauri- 
ette (Bardwell) Moor of Wh, b 26 April, 1845. He was in 
company D, 52d Regt., Mass. Vols. He res with his father and 
still owns the estate, but now res in Hat near by, while his son 
runs the farm. A deacon in the Congregational church. Seven 
ch, all b in Wh : 

Charles A., b 19 Oct., 1805'; (77) Frederick D.. b 27 Sept., 1873 ; rSl) 

Frank 0.. b 4 Aug., 1807 : (78) ^lartha Sophia, h 10 Sept., 1870, d 29 
Daniel S., b 5 March, 1809; (79) :\Iarch, 1877; 

James S., b 4 Dec. 1870 ; (80) Robert H.. b 14 March. 1880. 

60 Washington H.. son of Capt. Seth (39), b in Wh 2 
Oct., 1826, m Susan C. Benham of New Haven, Ct. A me- 
chanic, rem to N. H. Ch all b at Wh: 

Frank Edgar, b 1 Sept.. 1853: Elmer Ellsworth, b 29 July, 1861, d 

Fred H., b 34 Oct., 1856, d 21 Feb., 9 Oct.. 1803 : 

1864 ; Perhaps others. 



BARDWELL. 382 

61 DwiGHT Foster, son of Capt. Seth (39), b at Wh 25 
Dec. 1827. m 21 Nov.. 1850. Sarah B., dau of Giles and Julia 
(Bardwell) Dickinson of Wh, b 23 Dec, 1828, res at Spring- 
field. Six ch : 

Ella J., b at Wh 20 Oct.. ISol. m Arthur F.. bat Wh 24 Dec. 1861 : r86) 

George E. Wood ; Flora C. b 2(j Sept.. 18()8 ; 

Ida E.. b at Wh 2(5 March. 18."54 : Sarah A., b 13 Feb.. 18(35, d 15 Julv, 

Emory D.. b at Wh 1 Dee., 1855; (85) 18G5. 

62 Raxsom Pratt, son of Capt. Seth (39), b at Wh 26 
Aug., 1829, m 15 Oct.. 1S52, Sophia H., dau of Dr. Chester and 
Mary (Hastings) Bardwell of Wh, b 7 March, 1829. A machin- 
ist, res at Elmira. X. Y- Seven ch : 

Eiiioi-v Wallace, b at Wh 21 .Julv, Benson : 

1854. " Henrv, b Jan.. 1864: 

Alice G.. b at Wh 9 June. 1859 : Hattie P.. b 8 Sept.. 1868 ; 

Louis, bat Wh 25 May. 1861 ; Ransom P.'. Jr.. b 19 March, 1871. 

63 William Henry Harrison, son of Capt. Seth (39) 
b at Wh 29 Nov., 1840, m 5 Jan., 1864, Mary E., dau of Spen- 
cer Bartlett, b 7 Aug., 1845, rem to Haydenville. A machinist. 
Six ch : 

Lena A., b at Wh 8 April. 1865, m 6 Lillie Cora, b at Wh 6 Dec, 1869, m 
Oct.. 1885. F. W. Stanley of Frank Dunning • 

Xthn : ' Ransom Pratt, b 1873, d 1 June, 1875; 

Lillie B.. b at Wh 7 Nov.. 1867, d5 Gertrude Fleda, b 22 Nov.. 1874; 

Sept.. 18()8 : Alta Fayette, b 22 June. 1882. 

64 George W., son of Deacon John M. (40), b at Wh 
22 July, 1836, m (i) Anna Hussey, adopted dau of Miss Almira 
Morton of Wh, b 23 Sept., 1839, d 20 Nov., 1868 ; m (2) Jane 
F..dau of Deacon Cyrus A. Stowell of South Dfid. A farmer, 
school teacher, rep : rem to South Dfld. Ch : 

Conrad Myron, b 9 Oct.. 1860. m 17 George Dwight, b 29 July, 1866 ; 

June. 1886, Anna Louise Wole- Prob others, but have neither names 

ben : or dates. 

James Hosmer, b 9 Oct. . 1865 ; 

65 Cotton, son of Otis (43), b at Wh 11 Nov., 1837, d 
26 Feb., 1891, ae 56 yrs, m 28 Jan., 1857, Lucy A. Brooker of 
Gfld, b 4 March, 1833, res at Wh on the Lieut. John Brown 
place. Four ch : 

Edward W.. b at Wh 13.Mav. 1859 ; Homer Leon, b at Wh 30 May, 1869, 

(S3) " d 12 Aug., 1886. 

Victor D.. b at Wh 15 Oct., 1864 : (84) 

66 Henry W., son of Otis (43), b at Wh 17 July, 1849, 
m 31 March, t868, Fidelia A., dau of Eleazer F. and Harriet 
( Anderson) Cooley of Hat, b 26 April, 1847, res at Wh, Five ch : 

Harriet Maria, b 29 April. 1873, m 31 April. 1896, Charles W. Wade of 

March. 1898, Edson W. Strong Hat; 

of Hat: Clara Banks, b 14 July, 1880; 

Nellie Louise, b 19 Dec, 1875, m 28 Fred Byron and Fav Benjamin, 

(twins;, b 13 Jan., 1883. 



3^3 BARDWELL. 

67 Charles Dwight, son of Otis (43), b at \Vh 19 May, 
1S50, m 17 Nov., 1875, Hannah S., dau of Daniel S. May of 
Easthanipton, b 12 Jan., 1852. They rem to Con, where he has 
bought a farm. Two ch : 

Ella May, b at Wh 11 Aug.. 1876; Grace, b at HaydeuvilJe 30 Oct.. 1888. 

68 Sumner, son of Halsey (44), b at \Vh 1837, d 31 
March, 1S66, ae 29 yrs, m Bessie, dau of Jonathan Howes of 
Ash. He enlisted in company C. 31st Mass. Vols., a sergeant. 
He was shot through the lungs, but he recovered so far that he 
was transferred to the Veteran Reserve corps, but d from effects 
of army life. No ch. 

69 Justin, son of Chester (45), b at \Vh 24 May, 1841, m 
30 Nov., 1876. Nellie V.. dau of Julian C. Prevost of Somers. 
Ct., where he res. Shaker Station, Ct. No ch. 

70 Hiram, son of Chester (45), b at Wh 9 March, 1843, 
m 14 Feb., 1866, Etta, dau of Joseph Moody of Granby. He is 
a farmer, much in town office, res on the Deacon Brown place, 
Wh. Four ch : 

Carrie Josephine, b 17 March, 1868. Emma Louise, b 8 Aug.. 1871. m 27 
a trained nurse : Oct., 1892, Charles L. Sanderson: 

Edgar Moody, b 21 Xov., 1869; (83) Ida L.. b 24 Jan., 1879. 

71 J.^MES, son of Chester 145) b at Wh 2 Sept., 1845 d 2 
Oct., 1870, in 31 Dec, 1868, Emma Josephine, dau of Edwin 
and Artemitia ( Munson) Bardwell ofWh; she ni(2) 22 May, 
1872, Dorus B. Bradford of Williamsburg. 

72 Sherman B., son of Sherman (46), b at Wh 16 Sept., 
1849, m 23 Dec, 1876, Nettie Stacy of Belchertown, b 1S58. A 
farmer, res at Wh. Two ch : 

Frank S., b 29 Aug., 1877- Fanny Augusta, b 13 Nov., 1881. 

73 Charles Edwin, son of Edwin (52), b at Wh 9 July, 
1854, ra II Sept., 1876, Ida Clara, dau of William W. and Sarah 
(Sanderson) Field of Wh, b 22 Jan., 1858. They res on the 
homestead of Edwin. He is a man highly respected and has 
been elected to offices of trust. One ch : 

Fred W., b 15 Jan.. 1880. 

74 Wilbur Fiske, son of Walter W. [55)' b 10 Jan., 
1854, at Wh, m 3 Jan., 1873, Maria E. McGuire of South Dlld. 
He is a mechanic and res at Bridgeport, Ct. One ch : 

George Williams, b 25 Jan., 1874. 

75 Chester Porter, son of Walter W. (55), b at Wh 8 
Jan., 1863, m 22 July, 1883, Ida Belle Kenney of Hawley, b 
1865, res at Wh until abt 1890 when he rem to Westfield. Ch : 

Edna Belle, b 3 March, 1885 ; Alice Ida, b 17 July, 1887. 



BARDWELL. 384 

76 Horace Melvin, son of Walter \V. (55). b 30 June, 
1867, m 14 June, 1S90, Carrie Moore of Belchertown, where he 
res. He is a farmer. Four ch : 

Walter Addison, h 25 Dec. 1891 : Harriet Katiierine. b Oct.. 1895; 

Iiifaut son, d soon ; Lena A., b Nov., 1897. 

77 Charles A., son of Francis G. (59), b at \Vh 19 Oct., 
1S65, m 19 Oct.. 1SS6, Mattie E.. dau of Oliver S., and Eliza- 
beth (Muzzy) A'ining of North Hat. He is a locomotive engi- 
neer. Three ch : 

Clarion Helen, b 2 Mav. 1888, d 28 Francis, dates not obtained; 
3Iay, 1888: " Olive Gertrude, b Dec, 1898. 

78 Frank Otis, son of Francis G. (59), b at Wh 4 Aug., 
1867. m 4 Sept.. 1893, Emma, dau of Lee and Mary (Squeers) 
Blanchard of Monson. b 13 Dec, 1S63. Station agent North 
Hat. One ch : 

Emoiy Chester, b 27 Dec. 1894. 

79 Daniel S.. son of Francis G. (59), b at Wh 5 March, 

1869. m Alma Martin Dole. They res at Somer\'ille. 

80 James S., son of Francis G. (59), b at W^h 4 Dec, 

1870, m 4 ]\Iay. 1892, Lillian E., dau of Frank Loveland of 
Erving, res at Holyoke. No ch. 

81 Frederick D., son of Francis G. (59), b at Wh 27 
Sept., 1873, m 12 May, 1S97, Marion B., dau of Hiram and 
^Marietta (Bardwell) Graves of W^h, b 12 April. 187*4. They res 
at Wh. One ch : 

Ralph Frederick, b at Wh 11 April, 1898. 

82 Edgar Moody, son of Hiram (70), b at Wh 21 Nov., 
1869. m 10 May, 1893, Jessie Maria, dau of Thomas and Lucy 
A. (Lamb) Belden, b at Wh 22 Oct., 1874, res at Springfield. 
He is a postal clerk on the railroad. One child : 

Leon Homer, b 10 July. 1894. 

83 Edward W., son of Cotton (65), b at Wh 13 May, 
1859, m 15 April, 1879, Hattie E., dau of Fred A. and Cornelia 
(Smith) Hawley of Wh, b 27 April, 1858, res atWh. A farmer. 
Two ch : 

Wilson T.. b 4 Dec. 1879: Edith Lucy, b 2 Oct., 1884. 

84 Victor D., son of Cotton (65), b at Wh 15 Oct., 1864, 
m 28 Dec, 18S7, Jennie C. dau of Sheldon Gifford, b 14 Oct., 
1867 at Southampton, res on the Lieut. John Brown farm in 
Wh. He has been one of the selectmen several years. One ch: 

Infant, b 13 July. 1892. d 20 July, 1892. 

85 Emory D., son of Dwight F. (61), b at Wh i Dec, 
1855. m 23 Feb., 1877, Etta J. Upton of Athol, res at Spring- 
field. A mechanic. 



BARDWELL, 385 BARNARD. 

86 Arthur F., son of Dw'ight F. (61), b at \Vh 24 Dec. 
1861, m 22 Nov., 1S79, Hattie S. Knowlton of Springfield, 
where they res. He is a mechanic. One ch : 

Maud, b 19 June, 1880, d soon. 

87 Wilson T., son of Edward W (83). b at Wh 4 Dec, 
1879, m 16 May, 1S99, Mertie L..dau of Lyman M. and Hattie 
M. (Waite) Sanderson of Wh. 

BARKER. Rev. Stephen, came from Heath, settled over 
the Baptist church in 1807, remained in town until 1820. He 
had a family, but I have no records of them except one dau : 

Ann, m Stephen Gerry of Hat. 

1 BARNARD, Francis, at Hartford. Ct.. 1644, rem to 
Had 1659, lived at Dfld a few years then in 1673 went back to 
Had where he d 3 Feb., 1698, ae 81 yrs, so was b 16 17, m 15 
Aug., 1644, Hannah Marvin, d ; m (2) 21 Aug., 1677, Frances 
Foote, widow of John Dickinson. Ch : 

Hannah, b abt 1646, m 9 Oct., 1680, The other ch were: Thoma.s. Samuel 

Dr. John Westcarr of Had; and John, killed with Capt. 

Joseph, b 1648. (2) Lathrop. and Sarah who d 1676. 

2 Joseph, son of Francis (i), b at Hartford. Ct., abt 1648, 
d 18 Sept., 1695, from wounds received from Indians, m 13 Jan., 
1675, Sarah, dau of Elder John Strong of Nthn. She m (2) 
1698, Capt. Jonathan Wells, d 10 Feb., 1734, res at Dtld. 
Eleven ch, among them : 

.John, b 19 Nov.. 1676. (3) Samuel. Hannah. Rebecca. Abi- 

The other ch were: Sarah, m Thomas gail. Thankful and Ebenezer. 

"Wells; Joseph, d; Joseph, Thos., 

3 John, son of Joseph (2), b 19 Nov., 1676, d 6 March, 
1726, m 23 Oct., 1706, Bridget, dau of Capt. Aaron Cook of 
Had, b 31 March, 1683, d 31 Aug., 1762. A physician. She 
m (2) Deacon Samuel Dickinson. Elevcinch, but we only follow: 

Joseph, b 1 Jan.. 1720. (4) Francis, Francis again, Rebecca 

The other ch were : Thomas, Bridget, and Edward. 

Sarah, Abigail, John, Joanna, 

4 Joseph, son of John (3). b at Had i Jan., 1720, d at 
Dfld or Sund, prob the latter, abt 1801, m (i) i Nov., 1749, 
Esther, dau of Benjamin Church, b 13 Feb., 1718 ; (2) 11 Jan., 
1780, Sarah, widow of John H. Cummings and dau of Benjamin 
Worcester, d 29 Jan., 1813, at Dfld in that portion that was an- 
nexed to Wh. He was a blacksmith at Sund, but bought the 
Capt. Oliver Shattuck or Noah Dickinson farm in the north part 
of Wh. Four ch : 

Ebenezer. b 2 Oct. . 1752; (5) Moses, b 13 Feb., 1757, killed by a 

Hannah, b 15 Dec, 1754. m John wound from a scythe, in 1778; 

Hubbard; Joseph, b 27 Aug., 1759. 

5 Ebenezer, son of Joseph (4), b 2 Oct., 1752, d 8 Dec, 



BARNARD. 386 

1827. m 1775, Lydia, dau of Moses Clark of Sund, d 17 Sept., 
1S26, ae 76 yrs. A blacksmith by trade, res on the homestead 
in \Vh. Four ch : 

Ebenezer, h 25 July. 1777 ; (G) Justus, b 1784, m pub 9 March. 1816, 

Elihu, b 1779: Ci') Deney Ingram. 

AVilliam. b 17S2 ; (8) 

6 Ebenezer, son of Ebenezer (5), b 2 Oct., 1752, d 5 
Nov., 1837, m 13 Feb.. 1805, Sophia, dau of Hugh and Meribah 
(Rose) Queen or Quinn of Dfld, b abt 1774, d in Wh 11 Aug., 
185S, ae 84 yrs; res at Wh on the farm now owned by Noah 
Dickinson's heirs. Seven ch: 

Fidelia, b 18 April. 180G. d 24 Sept.. Electa, b 23. Jan.. 1813, d unm 23 

1822: Feb., I80I : 

Sophia, b 1 Sept., 1807. m 10 Oct.. Francis H.. b 22 Jan.. 1815, m 10 

ISGO. Willard Starks ; Nov., 184G, Harriet M.. dau of 

Orexia. b 25 Jan.. 1809. dmim2 Jan., Joseph Brown, rem to Amh and 

1848 : from there to Chicago. 111. : 

Lvdia. b 25 Jan.. 1811. m IG April, Calista. b 2 Jan.. 1817. d unm 21 

1828. Almerick Stebbins of Dfld, March, 1838. 

rem to New York state ; 

T Elihu, son of Ebenezer (5), b 1779, m 30 May, 1805, 
Patty, dau of Abner and Martha (Russell) Cooley of South Dfld, 
b3 May, T7S2; rem to Greenwich. He was a blacksmith. 
Six ch : 

"William, no dates, m and res in Abner. no dates, m and rem to New 

"Wisconsin ; York state ; 

Alvan. no date, a blacksmith, lived at Stephen ; (10) 

North Amh, d 11 Jan., 1872 : (9) Edward, d young : 

Ebenezer, b 7 Oct., 1823. (11) 

8 William, son of Ebenezer (5), b 1782, d 30 March, 
1837, m Ruth, dau of Gideon and Lydia Dickinson of Wh, b at 
Wh, 1784, d 10 Dec, 1844. They res on the old Barnard home- 
stead in Wh. Five ch : 

Theodore, b Oct., 1811, d 4 Feb., Walter and William, (twins), b 17 

1827. from a blow on the head by April, 1817; Walter, (12); WU- 

a club : liam, d unm, 3 Aug., 1847; 

Luther, b 12 Jan., 1813, d unm, 21 Persis, b 25 March, 1821, d umn, 10 

April, 1883, ae 70; March, 1844. 

9 Alvan, son of Elihu (7). He wrs a blacksmith and 
res at North Amh, d 11 Jan., 1872. Three ch : 

^lartha, m William Ebemy. res in gan, ]Mich. ; 

^loorsfield. West Ya. : Lillian, ra Mr. Ashley, res at North 

Mary, m Morris Porter, res in Alle- Amherst. 

10 Stephen, son of Elihu (7), b prob at Ware, m Achsah 
Skinner at Ware, 27 Nov., 1838, rem prob to Kansas, where he 
d 24 Aug., 1895. Of his famil}' I have no knowledge. 

11 Ebenezer, son of Elihu (7), b 7 Oct., 1823, d 11 Jan., 
1885, ni 10 Oct., 1844, Josephine P. Harwood, res at Greenwich 
and Ware, d 2 June, 1885. Six ch : 



BARNARD, 387 BARTLETT. 

Andrew Lewis, b 27 Dec. 1845: William Henry, b 18 Feb.. I80O : 

Edward Elihu. b 10 June. 1848: Charles Fred, b 26 Dee.. I800. d 1 
George 3Iilo Cook, b 28 rtlav. 185!). a Dec. 1806: 

dentist in NY are; Martha Josephine, b 18 Feb., 1862. 

12 Walter, son of William (8). b at Wh 17 April, 181 7, 
d 5 Jan., 1899, at Wh, ae 81 yrs. 8 ra. 19 days, m Nancy Jane 
Bigelow, d 10 Oct.. 1S64: res at Wh at the old Barnard home- 
stead. A farmer. Two ch : 

Mary Jane, b 7 Dec. 1852. d Oct.. William, b 6 Sept.. 1854. (13) 
1864: 

13 William, son ot Walter (12), b at Wh 6 Sept., 1S54, 
m 14 Jan., 1S85, Julia A., dau of Charles and Julia A. (Elder) 
Dyer of Holyoke. b 15 March, 1852, rem to Walker\-ille. Canada 
^Vest (Ontario). He was much in office in Wh, where he is 
highly esteemed. Four ch : 

Charles William, b at Holyoke 12 Edward Lerov, b at Walkerville, 
May. 1887 ; Out.. 13 F^eb.. 1898 : 

Raymond Walter, b at Walkerville, Arthur Luther, b at Walkerville, 
Ont., 31 May, 1890; Ont., 11 Sept.. 1895. 

BARRON, Jeheil, came to Wh from Vermont. He kept 
the hotel for some time and d 3 April, 1846, ae 36 yrs, m 
Almira, dau of Benjamin and Patty (Waite) Munson. She m 
(2) a Mr. White of Easthampton. No ch : 

We fail to find any Bartlett further back than Henry and of 
him only that he had among other ch, Daniel. So I give as far 
as I can. 

1 BARTLETT, Henry, res at Had I think. Among 
his ch we have : 

Daniel, b abt 1742. ^2) 

2 Daniel, son of Henry (i), b abt 1742, m (r) Elizabeth 
Smith, 16 Nov., 1777; she d .and he m (2) 3 Feb., 1784, 
Deborah Ferguson. Had prob thirteen ch : 

Daniel, b 6 June. 1778, m Lovisa Lewis, bapt 26 Feb.. 1792, no records: 

Stockbridge and had a family of StilLman. bapt 22 Dec. 1793, no rec- 

6 ch : ords ; 

Zebina, b 18 Oct.. 1780 : (3) Roxa, bapt 17 Jan., 1796. no records : 

Jerusha, b 22 Nov.. 1784, d unm at Nancy, bapt 29 Oct.. 1797. m Joel 

Chicago. 111. : Waite of Wh : 

Samuel, b 23 April. 1786; (4) Waterman, bapt 20 Feb.. 1799: (5) 

Elizabeth, b 1788 : Charles and Dexter, (twins), bapt 3 

Leonard, bapt 24 Oct.. 1790. m and Aug., 1804, no records. 

had a family of 8 eh ; 

3 Zebina, son of Daniel (2), b at North Had 18 Oct., 
1780, d at Wh 9 Nov., 1862, ae 82 yrs, m 13 Jan., 1803, Demis, 
dau of Deacon Russell and Sarah (Edson) Allis of Wh, b 31 
Dec, 1781, d 19 March, 1863, res at Wh at what is now known 
as Bartlett' s corner. This farm was first settled upon by Joseph 
Belden as early as 1732, and the place was surrounded by a 
stockade abt 1750, perhaps a few years earlier. Mr. Bartlett 



BARTLETT. 388 

was a contractor and bridge builder; was much in office and 
frequently moderator at town meetings. A genial man, with a 
wide circle of friends, and a Free Mason. Seven ch : 

Alvin. h 1 Cct.. 1803. d unm 28 Aug.. Ho^-t of Dfld. pub 28 Jan.. 1832 ; 

1SG3: Elizabeth S.. b 11 Jan., 1817. m 

Sarah, b 7 Jan., I8O0. ni Eliphas II. Abraham Billings Smith of Wh 

Wood of AVh: 12 Oct., 1843: 

Ti-A-pheiia. b 10 Nov.. 1806, m Hiram Zebiua W.. b 18 March. 1819: (6) 

Smith of Wh : Lovisa Demis, b 24 July, 1824. d 26 

Maria, b 16 Feb., 1810. m Franklin Nov., 1831, ae 7 yrs. 

4 Samuel, son of Daniel (2), b at Had 23 April, 1786, d 
30 ?slarch, 1874, ae 87 yrs, 1 1 m, 7 days, m 2 Aug., iSio, Sophia, 
dau of Gad and Irene (Waite) Smith of Wh, b 30 Oct., 1790, d 

13 Oct., 1876. ae 85 _vrs, 11 m, 13 days. He res at Wh where 
his five ch were b, but later rem to Hat : 

Dwight Smith, b 17 Dec, 1810, d 12 Samuel Dwight, b 1 Feb., 1817 : (S) 

June, 1813: George Smith, b 12 April, 1822, d 19 

Lewis, b 26 Sept.. 1812, m Lestina Aug.. 1825; 

E. Darling ; (7) Charles Dexter, b 31 May, 1824. (9) 

5 Waterman, son of Daniel (2), b 20 Feb., 1799, m 24 
April. 1822, Melinda ^., dau of Moses Bardwell, b 5 Aug., 
1795, rem to Dfid. Seven ch : 

Elizabeth H.. b 13 Nov.. 1822 ; Maria D.. b 6 June, 1831, m Nathaniel 

:Melinda E., b 6 March. 182.5 : Elder of Hartford, Ct. : 

Alonzo AV.. b 20 -March. 1827. d soon ; Sarah L., b 1 Aug., 1833. d 16 Feb., 
Alonzo^W., b 31 Jan., 1829, m Carrie 1844: 

AVaitti, res at Dfld; AA'illiam M.. b 1 Sept., 1838, m Anna 

Dickinson. 

6 Zebixa W., son of Zebina {3), b at Wh 18 March, 
1819, d 28 Oct., 1868, m 24 March, 1844, Electa Billings, dau 
of Seth and Electa (Billings) Smith of Wh, b 10 June, 1821, 
res at Wh. A carpenter and contractor. He was an energetic, 
public-spirited citizen, enjoying the respect of our people. 
Five ch : 

George Dwight, b 19 May, 1845 ; (10) Infant, b 13 Jan., 1868, d soon ; 
Albert, b 12 Oct., 1847 ; (11) Electa Maria, b 3 May, 1866, d young. 

Homer, b 7 Sept., 1849 ; • (12) 

7 Lewis, son of Samuel (4), b at Wh 26 Sept., 1812, d 

14 Jan., 1842, m Lestina E. Darling. Two ch: 

George D., b 9 Jan., 1837; Lewis D., b 11 March, 1841, d 3 

May, 1842. 

8 Samuel Dwight, son of Samuel (4), b at Wh i Feb., 
1817, d July, 1896, m 23 Nov., 1842, Louisa, dau of Lemuel 
and Esther (Frary) Cooley of Hat, b 5 Dec, 1818, d 23 June, 
1869, res at North Hat. Five ch : 

Arthur D., b 14 :\Iav, 1844, m: Esther Sophia, b 13 March, 1850, d 

Lemuel C. , b 29 June, 1846. d 22 Feb. , 20 Jan. , 1853 ; 

1849 ; Frank Cooley. b 7 Aug., 1852, m ; 

Lemuel Elmer, b 26 July, 1863, m. 



BARTLETT, 389 SEALS. ' 

9 Charles Dexter, son of Samuel (4), b at Wh 3r 
May, 1824, d 25 Feb., 1S92, m 3 May, 1853, Lovina, dau of 
Amaziah Langdon, res at North Hat. A- capital, enterprising 
farmer. One ch : 

Alice Lestina. b "24 April, 1854, d '20 lev L. Cooley of Orange. 

May. 1896. m 7 Sept., 1881. Ash- 

10 George Dwight, son of Zebina W. (6), b at Wh tg 
May, 1845, m 17 May, 1869. Man,- Jane, dau of Hiram and 
Susan B. Wood ; res on the Bartlett homestead at the upper end 
of the Straits. A farmer. No ch. 

11 Albert, son of Zebina W. (6), b at Wh 12 Oct., 1S47, 
m 16 Jan., 1882, Anna Louise Philips of West Springfield, res 
now at North Adams, and is of the firm of Bartlett Bros., doors, 
sash and blind factor^-. One ch : 

Dwight Arthur, b 3 Dec. 1883. 

12 Homer, son of Zebina W. (6), b at Wh 7 Sept., 1S49, 
m 9 April, 1878, Hattie E., dau of W. H. Boutwell of Montague. 
He is a noted builder and a member of the firm of Bartlett Bros., 
res now at JTorth xVdams, where they manufacture doors, sash 
and blinds. Two ch : 

Homer Eugene, b 33 Jan., 1879 : George Merrill, b 7 Sept., 1883. 

BATES, Rev. Lemuel P., b in Blandford, d at Alton, 111., 
8 March, i860, graduated at Williams college, 1S18, m 14 Jan., 
1823, Eunice, dau of Deacon Elisha Edwards of Southampton, 
d 20 July, 1S54. They had no ch. He was settled as colleague 
pastor with Rev. Rufus Wells, ordained 13 Feb., 1822, dismissed 
17 Oct., 1832. 

Herbert L., son of John and Achsa (Moor) Bates of 
Westhampton, b 15 Dec, 1853, m 1 June, 1875, Mar\^ A., dau 
of Daniel W. and Susan O. (Ladd) Bennett of Wh, b 25 Feb., 
1856. A blacksmith and res in Wh until recently. Seven ch, 
all b in Wh : 

Charles L.. b 3 April, 1876 ; Viola, b 8 Sept., 1884 : 

Annie May. b 5 Feb.. 1878, m George Daisy Ethel, b 38 Jan.. 1888 ; 

Plank ; Ida Bertha, b 33 May, 1889 : 

Reuben L.. b 4 April, 1880 ; John, b 6 Oct., 1893. 

1 BEALS. Seth, res at Con. 

2 Caleb, son of Seth (i), res at Con. m Dorothy Scott. 
One ch : 

Caleb, b at Con 15 Sept.. 1786 ; (3) 

3 Caleb, son of Caleb (2), b at Con, 15 Sept., 17S6, m 
10 April, 1811, Triphena, dau of John and Triphena (Carey) 
Starks of Wh, b 29 March, 1789, d 25 Oct., 1865, ae 76 yrs. 
They res in Wh, for many years lived in the old Edward Brown 
house, and he worked in the gristmill, then they rem to the old 
John Starks place where he d 15 June, 1867, ae 80 yrs. Six ch . 



BEALS, 390 BELDEN. 

Benjamin F.. b 11 Dec. 1812: 1848, Henrr Haskell, rem to 

Flavilla. b 14 Sept.. 1815. d 5 Mav. Washington. D. C. : 

18!)7. ae 81 yrs : , ' Willard ^'.. b 20 Sept.. 1829 : (4) 

Dorothy, b 28 Dec. 1818. m Austin Jeanette A., b 25 Sept.. 1831. m 15 

Lee of Con : May. 18G1, Joseph C. Wing 
Julia A., b 8 June. 1825. m 2G Dec. 

4 WiLLARD N., son of Caleb (3), b in \Vh 20 Sept., 1829, 
m (i) 13 May, 1857, Beulah C, dan of Lewis and Pamelia 
(Waite) Wells of \Vh, b 2r Oct., 1832, she d and he m (2) 13 
March, 1865, Fidelia A. Bryant. He res a few yrs at South 
Dfld. then bought a farm in Winchester, N. H., where he now 
res. Five ch : 

:Mary Ehiora. b 80 June. 1858. ni June, Sept.,- 1881 ; 

1883. Burton Powers of Winches- ^Mineviola. b 5 June. 1863. d soon ; 

ter. N. H. • Louis Willard, no date, d soon : 

Lewis Wells, b 13 :\ray, 18(32, d 20 Robert Linwood, b 27 July, 1875. 

BECKWITH. EzEKiEL, from New London, Ct., in town 
iSoo, unm. 

Philo, from New London, Ct., in town 1800, unm. 

BEERS, John Uriah, son of John S. and Sally (Howe) 
Beers of Providence. R, I., where he was b 8 April, 1829, m (i) 
3 Oct., 1850, Maria A., dau of Addison M. and Ann (Plummer) 
Wood of Ringe, N. H.. b 4 June, 1831, d 27 Oct., 1854; m (2) 
Myra A., dau of Deacon Abel Baker of Troy, N, H., b 24 Feb., 
1832, d 3 March, 1874; m (3) 17 Oct., 1S77, Jane P. Wood, a 
sister of his first wife. Came to Wh in 18S0, d 8 March, 1S95, 
ae 66 yrs. Four ch : 

John Addison, b 5 Dec. 1851. m Ella Arthur Harlan, b in Troy, N. H., 4 

Kendall of Vernon. Vt. ; Aug., 18G4 : 

Charles Arthur, b 7 May, 1863, d 27 Walter Myron, b at Hinsdale, N. IL, 

Aug., 1863; 19 Oct., 1874. 

Arthur Harlan, son of John U., b 4 Aug., 1864, m 6 
Feb., 1896, Jennie W. Higgins, dau of Henry S. and Tryphena 
D. (Woods) Higgins of Wh, b Jan., 1869, res 9n the homestead 
of his father. He is a civil engineer. Two ch : 

Harlaud S., b 9 Dec. 1896 ; Myra Lois, b 10 Nov., 1898. 

1 BELDING, OR BELDEN, Richard, of Wethersfield, 
Ct.. seems to be the progenitor of all the families of that name 
in the Connecticut Valley, excepting the Dfld Beldens. He is 
first noticed in public documents in 1640 as res at Wethersfield. 
The descendants are widely scattered throughout the United 
States. He is supposed to be a brother of William Belding of 
Norwalk. Ct. We lack dates of birth, marriage and death and 
also the name of his wife and only two of his sons and they were 
doubtless b in England, and it is claimed that Samuel was the 
oldest and b abt 1628 and we shall so consider him. From 
Samuel all the Hat and Wh Beldens are descended. The 
name has been spelled Belden for the last fifty yrs or such a 



39^ BELDEN. 

matter, only a few using the terminal "ing." In giving the de- 
scendant? I trust it will be allowed as all right if I adopt the 
modern method of spelling the name. Richard had two sons : 

Samuel, b in England abt 1(528 or John, b in England abt 1631. 
••:9 ; (2) 

2 Samuel, son of Richard (i), b in England abt 162 S, 
rem from Wethersfield to Hat in 1661, d 3 Jan., 17 13. ae abt 85 

yrs, m Mary . killed by Indians 19 Sept., 1677, at Hat: 

m (2) 25 June, 1678. Mary, widow of Thomas Wells, and dau 
of William Beardsley of Wethersfield. Ct., b in 1631. d before 
1691 ; m (3) Mary, widow of Capt. John Allis and dau of 
Thomas Meekins. He res at Hat. Seven ch : 

Mary, b at Wethersfield Ct., 10 July. Sarah, b at Hat 30 Sept.. 10(51 : 

1055. m Daniel Weld: Ann. b 27 Jan.. 1005 : 

Samuel, b at Wethersfield. Ct. . Ebenezer, b 10 Nov., 1007, m ^lar- 

April. 1057, m Widow .Sarah tha : 

(Fellows) Billings of Hat ; John, b 13 Nov.. 1009. (4; 

Stephen, b 28 Dec. 1658 ; (3) 

3 Stephen, son of Samuel (2), b at W^ethersfield Ct., 28 
Dec, 1658, d 6 Oct., 1720, ae 62 yrs, m 16 Aug., 1682, Mary, 
dau of Thomas Wells, b 8 Sept., 1664 ; she m (2) Capt. Joseph 
Field of Sund. d 7 March, 1751, res at Hat. Xine ch, all b at 
Hat: 

Elizabeth, b 2 Feb., 1(383, m Richard Samuel, b 23 Oct.. 1092. m S :May, 

Scott of Sund : 1717. Elizabeth Dickinson : 

Mary, b 20 ^lay, 1685. m 12 Feb., Jonathan, b 1094. m Hepzibah Dick- 

1702, John "Waite of Hat : inson. rem to Xorthfield : 

Sarah, b 25 Oct.. 1087; Joshua, b 1090; (5^) 

Stephen, b 22 Feb.. 1089, m Mind- Esther, b 1097. m Nathaniel Gunn of 

well Wright of Xorthfield ; Sund ; 

Lydia, d 24 July, 1714, unm. 

4 John, son of Samuel (2), b at Hat 13 Nov., 1669, was 
killed at the raising of a barn 18 Oct., 1725, m Sarah, dau of 
Sergt. Benjamin Waite of Hat, b at Hat 1675; she m (2) 
Ichabod Allis of Hat 25 Nov., 1726, res at Hat. Nine ch : 

John, b 22 Sept., 1694: Mary, b 27 July, 1705, m Obadiah 

Joseph, b 9 Aug.. 1690 : (6) Dickinson of Hat : 

Martha, b 6 Aug., 1698, m Orlando Ebenezer, b 7 June. 1712. d soon ; 

Bridgman : Ebenezer, b 29 July, 1714, m Hannah 

Sarah, b 10 Feb., 1701. m Thomas Nash, res at Ash : 

Bardwell of Dfld : Rhoda b 20 July, 1710. m Aaron 

Haimah, b 14 Mav. 1703. m Nathaniel Sheldon of Dfld. 

Hawks of Dfld ; 

5 Joshua, son of Stephen (3), b at Hat 1696, d 173S, m i 
Dec, 1725, Sarah, dau of John and Sarah (Coleman) Field of 
Hat: she m (2) Thomas Noble of Westfield, d 17 Aug., 1763. 
He res on Middle lane, Hat, where afterwards his son, Jabez, 
lived. Six ch : 

Stephen, b 26 Sept., 1726 ; Joshua, b 29 Oct., 1733 : ■ (7) 

Lucy, b 7 March, 1729 ; Elisha, b 28 March, 1730 : (8) 

Sarah, b 1731, d unm ; Jabez, b 10 April, 1738. 



BELDEN. 



392 



6 Joseph, son of John (4), b at Hat 9 Aug.. 1696, d Oct., 
177S, ae S3 yrs ; m ( i ) 23 Oct.. 1717, Esther, dau of Robert and 
Man- (Gull) Bardwell, b at Hat 8 Aug.. 1693, d 17 Nov., 1724. 
ra (2) 13 July. 1727, Margarette. dau of Samuel Gillette of Hat, 
b I May. 1699. d March, 1785, ae 88 yrs. They res at the 
upper end of the Straits, at what is now called Bartlett's corner. 
He prob rem here as early as 1732. His house was surrounded 
by a stockade for the benefit of the neighborhood abt the time 
of the opening of the war of 1744 between France and England. 
In times of danger they gathered at the fort. Nine ch : 



Paul, b 1719. d soon : 

Esther, b 20 Sept.. 1720, m 13 Dec. 

1739. David Seott. d 1761 : 
Abigail, b 22 Sept.. 1721. d soou; 
triarah. b 1 Feb., 1723: 
Paul, b 17 Nov., 1724. d soon: 
Margaret, b 11 :May. 1732. m abt 1750 



Joseph Seott of Wh, ^2) Eleazer 
Frarv of North Hat 17 Dec, 

1788: 

Abigail, b 13 Feb.. 1734. m Benjamin 

Scott. Jr.. d 2 June. 1806: 
Joseph, b 31 Oct.. 173o: (9) 
Paul, b 13 Dec, 1737. (10) 



7 Joshua, son of Joshua (5), b at Hat 29 Oct., 1733, d 20 
Sept., 1805, m 1757, Anna, dau of Joseph Fitch of East 
Windsor, Ct., b in 1738, d 8 Nov., 1819. She was a sister of 
John Fitch, the inventer of the steamboat. They res on the 
farm now occupied by Frank D. Belden. Thirteen ch : 



Stephen, b 19 April. 1758. d young: 
Anna, b 15 Feb.. 1760. d soon; 
Anna, b 22 July, 1761 . m Elihu 

Smith, rem to Sund: 
Lucv. b 17 Feb., 1763, m 22 March, 

"1802, John Bell: 
Irene, b 18 Oct., 1764. d soon: 
Joshua, b 17 June. 1766: (11) 
Irene, b 18 Oct.; 1768, m 12 Feb., 



1782, John Hibbard of North 

Had: 
Stephen, b 6 March. 1771 : (12) 
Augustus, b 28 Feb.. 1773: (13) 
Francis, b 15 Sept.. 1775; (14 j 
Reuben, b 3 Jan.. 1778; fl5) 
Seth. b 12 Feb.. 1780; (16) 
Aaron, b 22 Jan., 1782. (17) 



8 Elisha, son of Joshua (5), b 28 March, 1736, d 2 Aug., 
1808, m Ruth, dau of Benoni Dickinson of Hat, b 1741, d at 
Wh 12 July, 1825. He rem to Wh from 1765 to 1770 and built 
the house where William Cabill now lives. He was deacon of 
the Congregational church. Seven ch : 



Elisha, b 23 March, 1765 ; (18) 
]Hary. b 8 Nov.. 1766, m Asa Bard- 
well ; 
David, b 2 May. 1769: (19) 
Sarah, b 15 April. 1772. d 13 Feb., 
1778 : 



Mercy, b 15 Dec, 1774, d unm 11 

April, 1838 ; 
Dickinson, b 2 Sept., 1777. d 1 March, 

1778; 
Dickinson, b 15 June, 1778. d 10 Oct., 

1855. (20) 



9 Joseph, son of Joseph (6), b at Wh 31 Oct., 1735, m 
Lydia Silve}', res on the old homestead at Bartlett's corner. 
Nine ch : 



Esther, bapt 27 Dec. 1772. m Samuel 

Coleman ; 
Samuel, bapt 5 Feb., 1775; (21) 
Miriam S.. bapt 8 March, 1778, m 

31 Aug., 1797, SUas Tubbs; 
Lydia, bapt 11 Nov., 1781, m Otis 

Brown ; 



Joseph, bapt 12 Sept.. 1784; (22) 
Jeremiah, bapt 8 July, 1787 ; (23) 
Martha, bapt 13 March, 1791, m Asa- 

hel Johnson; 
Sarahj bapt 23 June, 1793, m Chaun- 

cey Kenedy ; 
Abigail, bapt 2 Oct., 1796, d soon. 



393 BELDEN. 

10 Paul, son of Joseph (6). b at \Vh 13 Dec, 1737, m ( i) 
Elizabeth, dau of Lieut. Ebenezer Bardwell, b Feb.. 1735. m 
(2) 22 July, 1782, Hannah, dau of Jonathan and Mehitable 
(Lilly) Edson of \Vh, b 1754, res at \Vh near Daniel Rogers. 
A tanner and shoemaker, rem abt 1795 to Brookfield, Vt. A 
Revolutionary' soldier. Ch : 

Daniel, bapt "24 March. 1771, d young: ^liss Bannister : 

Violet, bapt "26 Dec. 1778: Hannah, no dates, m Horace Bacon ; 

By his first wife, and prob others Daniel, bapt '20 April. 1788: 

older of whom we have no dates : Chester, bapt 1785 ; (21) 

Amasa. bapt 21 March. 1784. ra a Sarah, Annis and Paul, no dates. 

11 Joshua, son of Joshua (7), b at Wh 17 June, 1766, d 
29 Dec, 1S49, m 16 July, 1787, Anna, dau of Elisha Morton of 
Hat, res at the southeast corner of Wh. Ten ch : 

Elijah, b 7 June, 1790: ^25) Dane: 

Submit, b 20 Jan., 1792, d unm 25 Matilda, b 26 Aug.. 1800. m 20 Dec, 

Sept.. 1847 : 1820. Bryant Xutting : 

Anna, b 20 Dec, 1794, m Jeremiah Joshua, b 13 ^lay, 1804, m Rosetta 

Belden : Cooley of Wh. no ch : 

Content and Naomi, (twins), b 19 Naomi, b 5 Aug.. 1806, m Mayhew 

Dec. 1796: Winch; 

Sophia, b 5 July, 1798, m BenjamiQ Caleb, b 5 Aug., 1811, d unm atNthn. 

12 Stephen, son of Joshua (7), b at Wh 6 March, 1771, 
d 1S31, m 10 Feb., 1796, Abigail, dau of George Hibbard of 
Had. He was a carpenter and builder, built the Belden hotel 
for his father, rem to North Had. Seven ch : 

Martha, bapt 5 Feb., 1797, m Albert Melinda. bapt 31 March. 1805. m 

Jones of North Had : Zacariah Hawley of North Had ; 

Abigail, bapt 4 May, 1800. m Ches- Lncinda. bapt 28 Feb.. 1808. m Jona- 

ter, son of Richard Osborne of than Allen: 

North Had: Esther, bapt 6 ^May. 1810. d unm: 

Mary, m Horace Smith; Miranda, bapt 181 4r, d 1831, ae 17 

VTS. 

13 Augustus, son of Joshua (7), b at Wh 28 Feb., 1773, 
d 3 July, 1816, m 10 June, 1802, Katy, dati of Thomas Wrecks 
of Goshen. She m (2) 6 Sept., 1827, Liberty Bowker of Savoy, 
res in Wh. Five ch : 

Maria, bapt 1803, m a Mr. Steams ; Eliza, b 28 June, 1811, m Jacob 
George Weeks, bapt 16 June, 1805: Bowker of Savoy 

Pamelia, b 18 Sept., 1808, m Kinsley Augustus, bapt 31 Aug.. 1814. 
Swift of Wh : 

14 Francis, son of Joshua (7), b at Wh 15 Sept., 1775, 
d 30 Nov.. 1858, ae S3 yrs, m 26 Nov., 1797, Ruth, dau of 
Nathaniel and Anna (Dickinson) Coleman of Wh, b 24 Feb., 
1778, res on the River road, Wh. Seven ch : 

Electa, b 13 March. 1798, m Richard Swift: 

T. Morton of Wh: Elvira, b 9 June. 1807, m Solomon 
Shaylor F. , b 7 Feb. . 1800 : (26) Mosher of Wh ; 

Assenath, b 7 April, 1802. m 19 Roxana, b 15 May, 1811, m Manley 

March, 1819, Moses H. Leonard: Rowe; 

AureUa, b 20 March, 1805, m Carlos Alfred, b 17 Aug., 1813. (27) 



BELDEN. 394 

15 Reuben, son of Joshua (7), b in Wh 3 Jan.. 1778, d 
27 June, 1854. ae 76 yrs, m (i) 26 Sept., 1S02, Sally, dau of 
Joseph and Mary (Xims) Locke, b in Shutesbun*. 1774. d 12 
Oct., 1806, ae 32 yrs; m (2) 2 April, 1807, Hannah, dau of 
George and Lydia (Allen) Hibbard, b 29 March, 1790, d i 
April, 1845. ae 55 yrs: m (3) Jan., 1846, Anna, dau of Reuben 
and Chloe (Fitch) Burnham. b at Hartford. Ct.. 20 Sept., 1778, 
d iS Sept., 1847 ; m (4) 25 July, 1848, Lura (Allis) Woodruff, 
who survived him. He was a ven.- active man, full of business, 
and occasionally some of his irons would burn a little. He had 
an immense amount of land, employing from six to twelve men 
through the summer season and in the winter a large number 
of men making brooms. He raised large crops of broom corn, 
and in fact, of corn, wheat, rye and oats, and cut probably over 
two hundred tons of hay; had large herds of cattle and cows, 
fattening many head of cattle as well as hogs. He was a great 
worker, a very temperate man, conscientious and upright in his 
business relations, a strict observer of all religious rites, a power 
for good. When he started on any project he seemed to use 
even,' effort to make it a success, as when he signed the first 
temperance pledge in 1828 he at once cut down his large orchard. 
He evidently meant business. We are glad to have his portrait 
to show here. Nine ch : 

Infant son, b G Feb.. 1808, d soon: ]S'orth Hat: 

Julia, b <) Sept., ISO'J. m 2.5 March, Electa, b 3 April. 1818, m 6 May. 

1828. Zebiua Smith of Sund; 1840, Austin S. Jones of North 

Sally Locke, b 13 Oct.. 1812. m 25 Hat: 

Nov.. 1831, Alvin S. Hall of Reuben H.. b 2-5 Jan.. 1820: (28) 

North Hat: Diana, b 19 Feb., 1822. m 26 May, 

Lucy, b 3 March. 1814. ni 2 June, 1846, Joseph Knight of North 

1831, Solomon Mosher of Wh ; Hat; 

Hannah, b 26 May, 1816. m 22 Elihu, b 4 Feb., 1824. (29) 

^larch, 1838, Calvin B. Marsh of 

16 Seth, son of Joshua (7), b at Wh 12 Feb., 1780, d 
20 Jan., 185 1, ae 71 jts, m 8 Nov., 1807, Rachael, dau of 
Noadiah and Irene (Clapp) Lewis of Farmington, Ct., b 3 Sept., 
1783, d 16 Sept., 1843, res the Straits, Wh. Nine ch : 

Henry, b 30 Aug.. 1808: (30) Lewis, b 5 Dec, 1816: (31) 

Caroline, b 3 March, 1811. d 23 July, Stephen, b 30 Dec. 1818 ; (82) 

1816: Caroline, b 18 Dec, 1820. m 2 Dec, 
Lewis F.. b 1.5 Jan., 1813, d 7 Feb., 1845. Lemuel Gay Harris; 

1813 : Seth, b 14 July. 1822. d 13 Jan. , 1826 ; 

Vesta S., b 24 :May. 1814. m 3 Dec, Infant son, b and d 30 May. 1825. 

1835. Rev. Calvin ^Monroe : 

17 Aaron, son of Joshua (7), b at Wh 22 Jan., 1782, d 
24 Feb., 1859 at Amh, m (i) 28 Aug., 1866, Sarah, dau of 
George Hibbard of North Had. b 12 March, 1786, d 10 Dec, 
1842. m (2) July, 1848, Widow Acsah Field of Leverett. 
Eight ch : 

Rufus. b 28 July, 1807, d 31 Jan., Henrietta Howland. He was a 

1809 ; leading physician at Amh, d 29 

Rufus H.. M. D., b 26 Jan., 1809, m April, 1870. Nach ; 




Reuben Belden. 



395 BELDEN. 

Pomeroy, b lo March. 1811: (32 1-2) Sarah Ann. b 20 July. 1817, m Rev. 
Fanny, b 4 May, 1813, d 2-4 Nov.. Lucius R. Eastman: 

1814: " Chloe Bumham. b 9 Dec. 1819. m 

Fanny H.. b 14 July, 1815, m Darius Rev. Rufus P. Wells of Wh: 

R. Lathrop ; Mary, b 1 April. 1822, m Rev. Josiah 

H. Temple of Framingham. 

18 Elisha, son of Deacon Elisha (S), b prob at Wh 23 
March, 1765, d 21 Feb., 183S, ra 9 Feb., 1796, Abigail Sheldon, 
dau of Moses Kellogg of Had. bapt 4 Nov., 1768. d 28 March, 
1851. Eight ch : 

Edwin, b 27 Dec-., 1796, d unm; Joseph, b 3 Sept.. 1808. d unm: 

Preston, b 25 Aug.. 1800. d unm; Mary S.. b 17 No%-., 1810. m Austin 
Allen, b 27 Aug. , 1802 : (33) Crafts ; 

William, b 20 June. 1804 : (34) David, b 7 March. 1813. (36) 
Moses Kellogg, b 30 Dec. , 1806 ; (35) 

19 David, son of Deacon Elisha (8), b at Wh 2 May, 
1769, m I .June, 1793, Content Farnum, rem early from town. 
Have the dates of only two of their three ch b in Wh : 

Dennis, bapt at Wh 31 Aug., 1794; Aretas. bapt at Wh 29 Nov.. 1796; 
(36 1-2) . David, Jr.. no dates. 

20 Dickinson, son of Deacon Elisha (8), b at Wh 15 
June, 1758, d 10 Oct., 1855, m Marsena Thatcher, d 20 June, 
1S67, ae 83 yrs. res in Wh where their seven ch were b : 

Bonis, b Oct., 1814. d unm 26 Sent., Heman F.. b 7 Feb.. 1822; (39) 

1886: ' Sophia D.. b Dec. 1824. m Heman S. 

Dennis, b 21 Aug.. 1816. d in the Vining. d 29 Jan., 1847; 

Florida Semiiiole war; Ruth, b March. 1826, d unm 25 May, 

Asa P.. b June, 1818: (37) 1868. 

Willard M.. b 18 Sept., 1820; (38) 

21 Samuel, son of Joseph (9), b 5 Feb., 1775, at Wh. m 
30 Sept., 1801, Paulina, dau of Gad and Irene ( Waite) Smith, 
b 20 Sept., 1786, at Wh. They res at Wh, but late in life rem 
to North Hat. Eight ch : 

Harriet, b 1802. m William Bartlett; Alonzo. b 26 April. 1810; (42) 

Horace, b 1804, m a Miss Fish; Abigail, d young: 

Dexter, b 1806, m Fanny M. Wilson; Samuel C. b 29 Nov., 1815; (43) 

(40) Sophia, m a ilr. Cooper. 
Sanford, b 30 April, 1808 ; (41) 

22 Joseph, son of Joseph (9), b at Wh 12 Sept., 1784. m 
13 March, 1808, Abigail Carlev, b 21 April, 1786, res in Wh. 
Two ch : ' 

Dwight S., bapt 27 June. 1821 ; Joseph, bapt abt 1823. 

23 Jeremiah, son of Joseph (9). b at Wh 8 July, 17S7, m 
I March, 1813, Anna, dau of Joshua and Anna (Morton) 
Belden of Wh, b 20 Dec, 1794. They rem to West Farms, 
North Hat, and subsequently, abt 1830, to Somerset, Mich., 
where they d. He d 18 Aug., 1878, ae 91 yrs. Eight ch : 

Mary Ann, b 10 June, 1820, m John Emily, b 28 Feb., 1829,. m Joseph B. 

Farmer ; Kenedv ; 

Levi, b 16 Feb., 1828, m Abigail R. Miron, b 8 Feb., 1832, d 5 July, 1881. 

Walsh, had 3 ch; 



BELDEN. 396 

24 Chester, son of Paul (10). b at Wh 17S5, d 7 June, 
[830. ae 45 yrs, m 5 Jan.. 1S09. Polly, dau of Deacon Russell 
and Sarah (Edson) Allis. b April. 1776, at Wh. He was a car- 
penter by trade, res at the Straits in \Vh. Three ch : 

Champion. 1. 2(1 July, ISOO: (44) Zervioia. b 12 Aug.. 1819. m Samuel 

EiiK'line. b Ki ]\Iay, ISlo. m tfimon AVhitnej- of Amh. 

"Whituey of Amh ; 

25 Elijah, son of Joshua (11), b in Wh 7 June, 1790, m 
Ann, dau of Benjamin Dane, Nov., 1814, lived many years on 
the Dfid road, just over the line in Hat, rem West. Nine ch : 

Elijah, b 1815; Albert, b 1824. drowned abt 1856; 

Martha, li 1817. m Bernard Stacy: Walter, b 182(5 ; 

Anne, b 1818. ni H. Burroughs:' Luman P.. b 1828: 

Lvdia, b 1820. m Silas Ilaskins: Infant dau. b 1880. d soon. 
Lucy, li 1822. d unm. simple minded: 

26 Shavlor Fitch, son of Francis (14), b at Wh 7 Feb., 
1800, d 9 May, 1875, m i March, 1838, Susan A., dau of John 
and Clarissa (Stpckbndge) Ashcraft, b 25 March, 1S09, res at 
Wh. He was engaged some j'rs in the tobacco business. Ch : 

Alfred S.. b 31 Jan.. 1839 : (45) Frank, b 7 Dec. 1849 ; 

Lizzie S.. b 11 Jan.. 1843. m a Mr. Imogeue. b S April, 1851. 
Whiteomb of Springfield ; 

27 Alfred, son of Franci.'^ (14), b at Wh 17 Aug., 1813, 
d 30 July, 1899 ae 86 yrs, m 13 June. 1S49 , Marianne, dau of 
Charles Phelps, of North Had, b 13 Sept., iSio, res at Wh, was 
in company with his brother. Shay lor F., in the tobacco busi- 
ness One ch : 

Charles P. P.. b 28 Oct., 1850, d 30 Jan.. 1851. 

28 Reuben Hibbard, son of Reuben (15), b at Wh 25 
Jan., 1820, d 27 Jan., 1897, ni 5 Oct., 1842, Sarah N., dau of 
Jonathan Colton and Electa (Stockbridge) Loomis of Wh, b 12 
Oct., 181 7, rem to North Hat and res on the large farm left him 
b}' his father. A prominent man, a deacon and in town oflace. 
Seven ch : 

Hannah Almira, b 5 Oct., 1843, m 19 16 Nov.. 1865; 

Oct.. 1875, Daniel W. Wells of George E., b 5 Sept., 1850; (47) 

Hat : William H. , b 28 Dee. , 1852 ; (48) 

Reuben, b 8 July 1845 ; (46) Herbert H.. b 2 June, 1855 ; (49) 

Sarah Elizabeth, b 11 Sept.. 1847, d Clarence E.. b 29 Jan.. 1859; (50) 

29 Elihu, son of Reuben (15), b at Wh 4 Feb., 1824, d 
13 Nov.. 18S2, m 20 Nov., 1845, Roxana, dau of Moses H. and 
Asenath (Belden) Leonard, b 13 July. 1828, d 4 Sept., 1870, res 
on the old homestead in Wh where his grandfather settled in 
1765. He received the usual common school education then 
attended the Amh academy from which he graduated with 
honor. Was a farmer, surveyor, justice of the peace, held all 
offices of the town at different periods, man}' years deacon of the 
Congregational church ; a man of large affairs, pioneer tobacco 
grower and buyer in the Connecticut Valley ; in politics a 




Elihu Belden, Esq. 



397 BELDEN. 

Staunch Republican and faithful in the interest of that party. 
Reverses in fortune, with its consequent vexations and troubles, 
broke down an otherwise stronsr constitution, hasteninsr his 
death which occurred at the ag-e of 58 yrs. just at the time when 
his intellect, matured by an active life, was at its best. Sur- 
rounded by a wealth of friends, which his pleasant and genial 
nature attracted, his sudden demise caused general mourning 
and sorrow. Eight ch : 

Henrietta Asenath, b 7 Jan.. 1847, d William Clifford, b 30:\Iay. 1858 ; (53) 

8 Sept., 1847; Rufiis Howland, b 29 Aug., 1860; 

Franklin Day, b 11 July, 1848: (51) (.54) 

Elihu Leonard, b 13 Aug., 1851, unm, Albert Watson, b 22 June, 1807: (00) 

1899: • Infant son, b 3 Sept.li 1870, d 5 Sept., 

Channing Snow, b 14 Sept. 1854: 1870. 
(52) 

30 Henry, son of Seth (16), b at Wh 30 Aug., 180S, d 
at Darien, Wis., 20 Jan., 1856, ae 48 yrs, m 27 March, 1S31, 
Hannah Loveland of Hinsdale, b 1808, d at Cummington 15 
Oct., 1877, ae 69 yrs. Eight ch : 

Hannah Maria, b at Wh 19 July, Seth, b 4 March. 1840, killed at the 

1832, d at Wh 16 May, 1838 : battle of Winchester, Va., 19 

Polly Amelia, b at Wh 13 March, Sept., 1864; 

18;M, d 13 April. 1841 : Charles Anson, b 6 Nov.. 1844, d 6 

Henrv, Jr., b at Pittstield 25 June, Jan., 1890, m 29 Sept.. 1867, 

1836, m 2 Feb., 1861. Ellen Ellen J. Bowers : 

Brooks. 5 eh : James, b 6 Nov., 1844, d 28 April, 

Caroline, b at Wh 14 April. 1838, m 1874. m 16 June, 1866, Ahnira 

22 Feb., 1859, Capt. Henry A. Connedy, d 1877 ; 

Brown; Thomas, b 5 June, 1846. m. 

31 Lewis, M. D,, son of Seth (16), b at Wh 5 Dec, 1816, 
d out W^est, whither he rem abt 1850, m 20 May, 1840, Judith, 
dau of Samuel Marshall. Six ch : 

Samuel M., b 13 Sept., 1841. m 17 1866, Thomas Soden : 

July, 1866, Mary Soden ; Stephen L., b 17 Oct., 1848 ; 

Nellie, b 10 Dec. 1843, m 23 Dec. Carrie Blanche, b Sept., 1851, m 8 
1869, Frank E. Parkington ; March, 1871, Warren H. Tedd ; 

Kate Rose, b 4 May, 1846, m 28 Feb., Maud Augusta, b 28 April, 1854. 

32 Stephen, son of Seth (16), b at Wh 30 Dec, i8r8, 
m (i) 7 Oct., 1841, Miriam W., dau of Joseph and Hannah 
(Arms) Brown of Wh, d 25 July, 1856; m (2) 3 March, 1857, 
Martha G., dau of Seth Healy of Chesterfield, b 18 Aug., 1828. 
A pocketbook manufacturer for man}- years and a farmer; rem 
to Nthn abt 1885. Five ch. b in Wh : 

Edward W., b 7 Nov.. 1843 ; (56) Nthn ; 

Marv Ellen, b 7 Aug.. 1848, m 20 Miriam Sophia, b 20 June, 1856. m 

Nov., 1883, Orlando S. Seoul of 20 March, 1886, Walter F. Cooley 

Southampton ; of Wh : 

Martha A., b 7 Nov.. 1851. m 10 Ada Louise, b 10 Feb.. 1869. 

Sept., 1874, George D. Clark of 

32 1-2 Rev. Pomeroy, son of Aaron (17), b at Wh 15 
March, 181 1, d 2 March, 1849, graduated at Amh college, 1833, 
and Andover Theological seminary, 1836, settled at Dfid and 



BELDEN. 398 

then at Amh east parish, m (i) 3 Dec, 1S36, Louisa Tenney, d 
9 April, 1S40 ; m ( 2 ) i June. 1841, Miranda Smith, b 24 Aug., 
iSf6, d 29 Sept., 1849, at Amh. Three ch ; 

JiunesTomerov.J) 1 Oct.. 1837: April, 1840: 

Iiifant"iliiu. b '2S March. 1840. d 16 Louisa Miranda, b 29 May. 1846. 

33 Allen, son of Elisha (,18), b at \Vh 27 Aug., 1S02, d 
12 Feb., 1872, ae 70 yrs. m 2 Dec, 1S30, Aurelia, dau of 
Thomas and Mabel (Graves) Crafts of \Vh. b 11 July, 1S09, d 
1 1 April. 1857. res at W'h on the homestead of his father. Ch : 

K-hviii Martin, b 14 April. 1831 : rST) Frederick M., b 15 Jan.. 183o: (59) 

Kodolphus Allen, b 21 June. 1833: Elizabeth ^luzz v. adopted dau. b Oct.. 

t'.')S, 1S32. m Oliver S. Vining of Hat. 

34 \ViLLi.\M. son of Elisha (18), b at Wh 20 June, 1S04, 
d 18 Dec, 1883, ae 79 yrs, m 10 Sept.* 1S2S, Saloma Cummings 
of Sand Lake. N. V. A potter by trade, res at Wh. Eight ch : 

Dudley Smith, b at Troy. N. V.. 4 Henry C. b 1 May. 1839'; (60) 

Julv. 1831. unni: Edgar W.. b 29 Aug.. 1841. unm ; 

:\Iin.>rva M., b at Wh 9 Julv. 1834. m Albert Elisha. b 18 Nov.. 1845 : (61) 

24 Feb.. 1854. Eben Anderson of George W., b 23 Oct., 1848. d 7 

Hat. d in the arnn . Civil war: March. 1854; 

Laura F . b 17 March. 183(i. ni 23 Charles Kellogg, b 7 Feb., 1853, unm 

\prii. 1862. Geo. M. Crafts of 1899. 



^\' 



) : 



35 Moses Kellogg, son of Elisha ( 18), b at Wh 30 Dec. 

1S06, m at Rushville, 111., where he res, Mary Ann , d in 

Illinois 24 Mav, 1867. A broom manufacturer. Five ch, b at 
Rushville, 111., no dates: 

William Edwin. Maria H.. Alouzo. Charles A., and Florence. 

36 David, son of Elisha (r8), b at Wh 7 March, 1813, d 
10 Sept., 1854, m (I) 10 Nov., 1842, Triphena, dau of Thomas 
and Mabel (Graves) Crafts of Wh, b 22 Aug., 1819, d 21 Dec, 
1 84 2 : m (2) Maria (Hastings) Stanley of Wilmington, Vt., d 
14 July, 1897, at Ash. One ch : 

Elnora. m A. D. Flower of Ash. 

36 1-2 Dennis, son of David (19), b at Wh 31 Aug., 
1794, d Aug., 1870, m Sally , rem to Mthn. Six ch : 

Sarah, b 1818. ni Timothy Miller: Laura. 1823. m Robert Dixon; 

Mar>- Ann. b 1819. m Reuben Miller; Lucy, b 1835. m Uriah Wallace; 

David L, 1) 1821. m Hattie Buckman Elisha, b 1837, a sailor, 
of Xthn ; 

37 As.\ P., son of Dickinson (eo). b at Wh June, 1818, d 
at Hat 14 April, 1847, m 15 Dec, 1842, Eliza A., dau of Isaac 
Gould of Wh. He had just rem to Hat when he was drowned 
in the Connecticut river. Two ch, b at Wh: 

Dennis, b abt 1843. rem to Vermont ; Sophij,. b abt 1845. rem to Vermont. 

38 Willard M., son of Dickinson (20), b at Wh 18 Sept., 
1820, d 8 Feb., 1898, ae 77 yrs, m (i) 21 May, 1846, Lucinda 



399 BELDEN. 

Warren Jewett. d 6 April. 1863; m (2) 2 Feb.. 1865, Risphia 
A., widow of G. W. Bardwell, rem abt 1S70 to Belchertown. A 
farmer. Four ch : 

Clarence E.. b 31 Oct.. 1848. d young; Willard H. V.. b 2 April. 1806. res at 
Frank W.. b 28 Nov.. 1852. d young: Belchertown on the farm left by 

Frank W., b 14 April. I800. d young; his father, unin 185)9. 

39 Hem AN F., son of Dickinson (20), b in Wh 7 Feb., 
1822, m 4 June, 1853, Julia (Hart), widow of Elijah A. 
Graves of Wh, d 14 April, 1881, rem to Pelham abt 1S90. Two 
ch, b at North Hat : 

Adaline. b 13 April. 1857 : Emeline. b 18 July, 1862. 

40 Dexter, son of Samuel (20). b at Wh 1S06, d at Chi- 
cago, 111., m Fanny M. Wilson, res at Buffalo, N. Y. A mar- 
ble worker. Five ch. no ('ates : 

Dexter. Jr. . m ; Maria, m a Mr. Barnes ; 

Mary Ann, m a Mr. Gaylord ; Charles, d unm. 

Adaline, m a ]\Ir. Gage ; 

41 Sanford, son of Samuel (21), b 30 April, 1808, d, m 
Fanny Y., dau of Jonathan Moor, res at North Hat. A farmer, 
highly respected. Three ch, b at North Hat : 

Oscar L.. b 3 3Iarch. 1837. m Harriet Dr. Alfred Montville ; 

M. Steams of Con ; Mary Paulina, b 5 Sept.. 1847. d 

Harriet Sophia, b 16 Feb.. 1839. m young. 

42 Aloxzo. son of Samuel (21), b in Wh 26 April. iSio, 
m 23 Dec, 183 1, Cynthia, dau of Joseph Potter of Franklin, 0.. 
bjan.. i8ri. d March, 1862; m (2) Ann Eliza Dahn, res at 
Dayton, O. A broom manufacturer. Six ch : 

Dexter A., b 23 Feb., 1834: ra Caro- Henrv H.. b 4 April. 1840. d 1874. in 
line Kyier, 10 Oct.. I860: Martha Helriggle ; 

William Sanford. b 12 Feb.. 1836. m Charles Edward, b 25 Dec. 1841. d 
Hannah Bimey. 13 May, 1858; in the army 25 Oct.. 1862 : 

Maiy Ellen, b 4 Aug., 1888, d at 17 DeWitt H., b 4 Nov.. 1852. in Mary 
yrs of age ; E. Conover, 31 Sept., 1874. 

43 Samuel C, son of Samuel (21), b at Wh 29 Nov., 
1815. m 14 May, 1852, Mary Felton, d 21 March, 1868; m (2) 
Druce Huncelman, res at Hamilton, O. Six ch : 

James F.. b 4 March, 1853 : William C. b 2 March. 1858 : 

Horace T.. b 23 April. 1855. d 16 WVbster. b 14 March, I860: 
June, 1876 ; Minnie S., b 30 March, 1862. 

Edgar A. . b 28 Nov. . 1856 ; 

44 Champion, son of Chesier (24). b at Wh 26 July. 
1809, d in Pennsylvania whither he rem abt 1835, no dates, m, 
1829, Almira Pratt of Shutesbury, res at Wh until 1835. Five ch: 

Infant, b 22 Sept., 1830, d 24 Sept., Champion. b*1833: 

1830; Charles, b 1834; 

Daniel, b 1831: Mary, b in Pennsylvania, 1836. 

45 Alfred S., son of Shaylor.F. (26), b at Wh 31 Jan., 
1839, ra 17 April. 186 r, Lucy A., dau of John C. and Julia 



BELDEN. 400 

(Stockbridge) Sanderson of \Vh. b 13 April, 1835, res at Wh 
until 1S96, rem to Springfield. A farmer and dealer in tobacco. 
Three ch b at Wh : 

Edmond Allis. b loFeb.. 1862; (02) Randolph C, b 3 Feb.. 1873. (64) 
Allen M., b 21 Aug.. 1860: 

46 Reuben, son of Reuben H. (28). b 8 July. 1845, m 17 
Nov., 1S70, Ellen M., dau of Leonard and Maria B. Steams of 
Con, res at North Hat, b 25 May, 1S46. One ch : 

Infant son, b 11 July, 1878. d same day. 

47 George Coltox, son of Reuben H. (28), b 5 Sept., 
1S50. at North Hat, m iS Nov., 1874, Amanda, dau of Albert 
S. and Alma J. Clapp of South Dfld, where they res, b 12 Sept., 
1S47. Two ch : 

Sarah Elizabeth, b at Wh. 19 Oct., Albert Colton. b at South Dfld, 11 
1875 : May, 1885. 

48 William Howard, son of Reuben H. (28), b 28 Dec, 
1852, m 21 Feb., 1878, Emma Estella, dau of James and Ada- 
line Eaton of Nashua, N. H., b 22 Oct., 1856, res on the old 
homestead at North Hat. Four ch : 

Howard Eaton, b 7 Dec. 1878: William Lucius, b 15 Dec. 1884 ; 

Robert Loomis, b 2 Oct., 1882: Harrison Reuben, b 12 Nov.. 1890. 

49 Herbert Hibbard, son of Reuben H. (28), b 2 June, 
1855, m 30 Sept., 1S86, Laura Emma, dau of Harrison and 
Laura Eaton of Nashua, N. H., b 25 Oct., 1857, d ri Dec, 1896, 
res at Amherst, N. H. 

50 Clarence Eugene, son of Reuben H. (28), b 29 
June, 1859, at North Hat, m 19 Oct., 1892, Nellie Maud, dau of 
Horace H. and Abby B. Snow of Providence, R. L, b 13 May, 
1866, res at Sund. Two ch : 

Edgar :Matthewson. b 2 Nov., 1894; Abby Snow, b 2 Aug., 1896. 

51 Franklin Day, sonofElihu (29), b at Wh 11 July, 
1848, m 12 Oct.. 1871, Man- E., dau of Samuel B. and Experi- 
ence (Wells) White of Wh, b ii Aug., 1850, d 23 Feb., 1873. 
A student at Amh college ; m (2) Helen M., widow of Rufus 
Howland Belden, 3 March, 1895. One ch, by first wife : 

Mary, b 23 Feb., 1873. 

52 Channing Snow,. son of Elihu (29), b at Wh 14 
Sept.. 1854, rem to Hartford, Ct., Sept., 1882, and has been 
engaged in the Hartford steam boiler inspection and insurance 
business and has long been the head clerk, m 24 April, 1884, 
Mary Thompson of New York cit}'. 

53 William- Clifford, son of Elihu (29), b at Wh 30 
May 1858, graduated from Amh college, settled in Springfield, 
m 4 June, 1887, Nellie Frances Dearborn of Belmont, N. H. 
One ch : 

Dorothy, b 6 July, 1888. 



4^1 BEtDEN. 

54 RuFus Rowland, son of Elihu (29), b at \Vh 29 
Aug., i860, d 14 June, 1892, m Aug., iS8r, Helen M. Half of 
Peru, N. Y. Was employed in the dry goods business in 
Springfield until his health failed, then came back to Wh where 
he d. He was a very popular young man. One ch : 

.Ajina Edith, b 29 July, 1882. 

55 Dr. Albert Watson, son of Elihu (29), b at Wh 22 
June, 1867, graduated at Baltimore medical college, 1S87, m 25 
Dec, 1888, Mabel Marion, dau of Luke Emerson and Lucretia 
(Tower) Bicknell of Cummington, res at Chesterfield. Two ch : 

Rosanna Leonard, b 21 Feb., 1892, Marion Aseuath. b 10 March. IS97, il 
d 1 Feb., 1899 : 16 March, 1898. 

56 Edward W., son of Stephen (32), b at Wh 7 Nov., 
1843, d 29 March. 18S0, m Sept., 1863, Maria L,, dau of Jacob 
Mosher of La Grange, Ind., b in New York state, rem to La- 
Grange where he d. One ch : 

Lewelwin Stephen, b 28 Oct., 1873. 

57 Edwin Martin, son of Allen (33), b at Wli 14 April, 
1831, d 20 Feb,, 1898, at Soldiers' home in Chelsea, ae 67 yrs, 
m 15 Oct., 1855, Mary Henry, dau of Martin and Emily (In- 
gram) Crafts of Wh, b 15 Oct., 1835, d 12 July, 1S65. He was 
orderly sergeant in company D, 52d Regt., in the Civil war. x\ 
man of fine natural abilities. Five ch ; 

Allen M., b 3Iay, 1857, d voung: Chicopee; 

Frederick Allen, b 30 April," 1858 ; Edwin David, b 30 Aug., 18i51 ; 

Aurelia C. b 27 .June. 1859. m 12 George Preston, b 17 S'ov.. 18G2. d 
Feb.. 1881, John H. Wertsel of soon. 

58 RoDOLPHUs Allen, son of Allen i:-,^), h at Wh 21 
June, 1833, d 29 March, 1876, m Harriet Tryphena, dau of Mar- 
tin and Emily (Ingrarh) Crafts, b 12 Jan., 1843, I'^s at Wh. 
Five ch : 

Hattie Amaretta, b 15 July, 1862, drowned while bathing; 

uiiml899; Alice Mav, b 8 Aug., 1808, d 15 
Grant Everett, b 29 Oct., 1864, unm March, 1876: 

1899 : Mary Elizabeth, b 4 Feb.. 1871, unm, 
Ernest Lincoln, b 21 July, 1866, was an efficient teacher. 

59 Frederick Mortimer, son of Allen {^,3), b in Wh 
15 Jan., 1835, d 15 Oct., 1870, m 20 Nov., 1S65, Elizabeth 
Polluck of Philadelphia, Pa., where he was engaged in the 
grocery trade until cut down by consumption. A member of 
the F. and A. Masons and by them assisted back to his old 
home. Two ch : 

Annas., b 24 Nov.. 1867, m 10 June, Edwin Mortimer, b 5 Feb.. 1868. 
1891, Elmer Maner, res at Spring- (66) 

field; 

60 Henry C , son of William (34), b at Wh i May, 
1839, m 5 Feb., 1865, Lora, dau of John and Nancy Pierce of 



BELDEN, 4O2 BENNETT. 

Had, res in North Had, where they have a delightful residence. 
A broom manufacturer. One ch : 

Gertrude May, b 1871, d young. 

61 Albert Elisha, son of William (34), b 18 Nov., 
1845, n^ 3 Jan., rSji, Ada Jane, dau of Hubbard and Martha 
(Perr}') Lawrence of North Had. b 16 Jan., 1849. A farmer 
res at North Had. Two ch : 

Alice Martha, b 30 Dec, 1871, an Lawrence Albert, b 2 July, 1874. 
excellent teacher ; 

62 Edmond Allis, son of Alfred S. (45), b in \Vh 15 
Feb.. 1S62, m 10 Sept., 1884, Angie C. Blodgett of Amh. b 2 
Nov., 1 86 1. They res at Springfield. One ch : 

Rollin Edmond. b at Springfield. 6 June. 1893. 

63 Allen Montgomery, son of Alfred S. (45). b at Wh 
21 Aug., 1866, m 17 March, 1891, Eliza Rosalie Higgins of 
Chesterfield, b 15 June, 1868, res at Springfield. Two ch : 

Marguerite Alice, b. 1 Sept., 1892. at Imogeue Clarissa, b 26 Nov., 1897, at 
Springfield : Springfield. 

64 Randolph C, son of Alfred S. (45), b at Wh 3 Feb., 
1873, res at Springfield, unm 1899. 

65 Thomas, son of Henr}- (16), b 5 June, 1846, m 22 
Feb., 1S70, Lucy A., dau of Samuel R. and Maria (Wood) 
Lamb of Wh, b 7 March, 1851, d 12 Jan., 1884; m (2) Jennie 
Allis of Toledo, O., d 1891, res in Wh. Four ch : 

Charies Henr^-. b 31 Dec. 1870. m 1 George Samuel, b 2 Dec, 1877. m 21 
Jan., 189G. Myrtle Demorest; Dec. 1898. Edith Grace Stone; 

Jessie Maria, b 22 Oct., 1874, m 10 Louis Allen,' b May, 1883. 
:May, 1893, Edgar M. Bardwell : 

66 Edwin Mortimer, son of Frederick M. (59), b in 
Philadelphia, Pa., 5 Feb., 1868, m Edith Smith of Ludlow 29 
July, 1898, res at Feeding Hills. 

1 BENNETT, Ezra, son of Phineas M. Two ch : 
Daniel W., b 18 Dec, 1828 ; (2) George W., b 1830. (3) 

2 Daniel W., son of Ezra (i), b in Wh 18 Dec, 1828, d 
7 Aug., 1856, m 10 April, 1855, Susan O., dau of John Ladd. 
One ch : 

Mary A., b 25 Feb., I80G, m H. L. Bates. 

3 George W., son of Ezra (i), b in Wh 1830, d 16 June, 
1893, m Mrs. Susan O., widow of D. W. Bennett, i April, 1858, 
res in Wh. Three ch : 

Fanny I., b 11 May, 1861. school- in Haydenville ; 

teacher: Ella M., b 6 July, 1868, m 30 March, 

John E., b 28 May, 1863, m and res 1890, Henry D. Waite of Wms. 

1 BIGELOW, James, came from Connecticut, m Anna 
Day, lived at the junction of Easter and Poplar Hill roads. The 



BIGELOW, 403 BRENNAN. 

buildings, except the bam, have been gone for fifty years. 
Several ch b in \Vh : 

Charles D. . no dates ; (2) James Jr.. Charles D., Guy, 

Jonathan, Betsey, m 5rr. Niles: Nancy, ni a Mr. Watrons. 

2 Charles D., son of James (i), no dates, m Salome L., 
dau of Lucius Wilcox of Con, res in Wh many years. Three ch: 

James, b abt 1832, killed by the kick Lucius Wilcox, b 18 .May 1841, m !) 
of a horse ; Feb., 1874, Geraldine D. Gil- 
Nancy Jane, b 10 June, 1834, m Walter lette of Sainsbury. Ct., where he 
Barnard of Wh : resides: 

BIRD, Enoch, came abt 1795 from Cummington and earlier 
from Sharon, res on Grass hill in Wh, b abt 1748, m Celena 
Lyon, he d 19 March, 181S, ae 70 yrs. Ten ch : 

Lydia, and Sarah, (twins), b 26 Feb., Waitte, b 2o May, 1789, m Stephen 

1782; Sarah m Amasa Graves of Graves in 1809 ; 

Wh and Middlefleld ; Enoch, Jr.. b 3 Oct., 1791 ; 

Edmund, b 7 July, 1781. m Polly Samuel, b 23 Sept., 1793 : 

Coleman, res in Hat: Polly, b 16. Feb.. 1796: 

Celena and Levina, (twinsj, b 7 June, Roxa, b 8 May, 1799. 

1786; 

BLUNKARD, John, son of Christopher, b in Ireland, 
county of Dublin, 15 April, 1854, m Nora, dau of Dennis and 
Margaret Pendergast, iS March, 1879, b 28 April, 1852. He 
has bought the house and land in the Straits where William J. 
and Josiah Woods built on the West side of the road. Four ch, 
b in Wh : 

Anthony, b July, 1886 : James, b 2 April, 1889 ; 

Son, b 23, Jan., 1888, d same day : Son, b 6 Dec, 1890. 

BRAGG, Abial, prob son of Ebenezer of Shrewsbury, 
came from Petersham 1776, m 29 Jan., 1753, Abigail Wilson, 
bought the Deacon Simeon Waite farm now owned by Calvin S. 
Loomis in Christian lane, kept hotel and grocery store, sold to 
Dr. Benjamin Dickinson. Four ch : 

Lovisa ; Abia. m Wm. Cone of Wh ; 

Elizabeth, m Robert Abercrombie of Thankful, m, Robert Abercrombie of 
Wh ; Wh, was his second wife. , 

BRENNAN, John, b in Ireland, and with his wife, came 
to 'W'h before 1870, res in the east part of the town. Five ch, 
b in Wh : 

Michael, b 1 Sept.. 1870 ; Kate, b 29 Mav, 1879 : 

Thomas, 3 July, 1871 : Liz2de, b 26 June. 1882. 

Francis, .b 4 Nov. 1874 ; 

John, b in Ireland in 1842, came to Wh with his wife 
Sarah, b in 1846, res at the east part of the towm. A good 
farmer. Five ch b in Wh : 

Michael, b 1869 ; Francis, b 1875 ; 

Thomas, b 1872 ; Sarah, b 1876. 

Mary A., b 1873; 



BRENNAN, 4O4 BROWN. 

Patrick M., b in Ireland 1S38, his wife Ellen b in Ireland 
1S42, res west of Jcrre Haffeys', owns a part of the old Joshua 
Belden farm. An excellent farmer. Six ch b in \Vh : 

Patrick F.. b lS(i9 ; Ellen, b 1 Nov.. 1877: 

Thonia.s C, b 27 .Inn.!. 1874; Marv, b 15 July. 1882; 

Elizabeth, b 18 'April. 187G : John, b 15 Feb.. 188G. 

BRIDGEMAN, Samuel, m Elizabeth, dau of Richard 
Chaunce}', b 25 July. 1732, owned a good farm, deeded his farm 
to his brother-in-law, Jonathan Smith, of Wh for ^20, Smith to' 
support him and wife during their life. In eight years he d and 
his widow was kindh- cared for for twelve 3-ears after his death. 
No ch. 

BROOKS, John, and wife Sarah, here in 1776. One ch: 
Koswell, bajit 28 July. 177G. 

BROUGHTON, Wait, 177 i m Submit, dau of John 
Waite of Wh, lived in the Straits, sold his place to Joshua Bel- 
den and rem to Ash. One ch : 

Charity. Viapt 14 June. 1772. 

1 BROWCS', Edward, with his wife Hannah (Thomas), 
and some ch came to Wh from Colchester, Ct., abt 1766 or '67, 
built a large house north of where Hiram Bardwell now res, 
fully halfway to the sawmill that was torn down abt 1845. Was 
quite prominent in town, b 17 16, d 2 June, 1803, ae 87 yrs. His 
wife was b 1722, d 12 Oct., iSii, ae 89 yrs. Nine ch : 

William, b 1742 : (2) Isaiah, b, 8 Dec, 1750 ; (0) 

Hannah, b 1744 ; Anne, b 1751 : 

Josiah, b 1745 : (3^ Abijah. b 1753 : (6) 

John, b 1747 : (4) Charity, b 1760, d unm 24 Nov., 1800, 

MaiT. b 1748 : &e 40 yrs. 

2 William, son of Edward (t), b at Colchester, Ct., 1742, 
m in Connecticut came to Wh abt 1776, were admitted to the 
church I May, 1785. Their ch whose names we have were b 
in Connecticut, the two youngest bapt in Wh 5 June, 1785 : 

William Jr. ; (7) Sarah, bapt 4 June, 1785, prob 10 or 

Thomas, bapt June, 1785, prob 12 12 yrs. old. 

or 15 yrs old ; 

3 Josiah, son of Edward (i), b at Colchester, Ct., 1745, 
was m when he came to Wh, name of wife unknown to me, rem 
from Wh perhaps to Con. Five ch, perhaps more : 

Josiah. Jr., no dates; (8) Lucy b in Wh, m at Wh 9 June, 

William, no dates ; (9) "^1788., Charles Graves of Con- 

.Joel, no dates : (10) way. He was b 19 Feb. 1762, 

Dorothv, bapt in Wh 12 March, rem to Ohio. 
1784 : 

4 Lieut. Johx, son of Edward (i), b in Connecticut, 
1737, d 18 Dec, 1820, ae 83 yrs, m (i), Amy Blood of Groton, 



405 BROWN. 

d II June, 1785; m (2) Dorothy Bi.^elow of Colchester, Ct., d 
14 Feb., 1854, ae 92 yrs, res on Poplar hill. A leading citizen 
in town and a Revolutionary- soldier. Nine ch : 

Prescott. bapt 13 June 1779 : fll) Champion, bapt 1789, d 8 Aucc.. 1809: 

John, bapt 29 April. 1781 ; (12) Sally, bapt 1790. m Calvin Waite of 
Betsev. b 1 March 1777, m Jonathan Wh : 

Waite of Wh : Chester, bapt 17 Nov. 1791 : (14) 

Spencer, bapl 20 April. 1783 : (IS) Dorothy, bapt U Nov.. 1800, m David 
Consider, bapt 11 June 1785, d unm Dickinson of North Hat. 

30 June 1807, ae 22 yrs ; 

5 Is.\iAH, son of Edward (i), b 8 Dec, 1750, d 4 May, 
1844, m { I ) Mar\', dau of Elisha Waite of Hat 15 March, 1781, 
d4 Dec, 17S1, ae 22 yrs: m (2) Abigail Clapp, d 13 Feb., 1844, 
ae 86 yrs. Three ch : 

Isaiah, b 23, Nov.. 1781 ; (15) Marv. b 15 Aug.. 1780. m Capt. 

Daniel, b 31 Aug., 1784; (16) Amos Pratfof Wh. 

6 Abijah, son of Edward (i), b in Connecticut 1753, m 
(i) Lydia Frasier; (2) 30 July, 1782, Mary, dau of Julius Allisof 
Con, b 4 Oct., 1756, rem to Con. Four ch : 

Alice. Polly. Betsey, Elisha. 

7 William, Jr., son of William (2), bat Colchester, Ct., 
m 14 Dec, 17S6, Mary, dau of John and Submit (Hastings) 
Waite of Wh, b 18 April, 1741, at the Straits, rem after a few 
years to Thetford, Vt. Eight ch : 

Horace b 1788 : 12 eh in Conway, d abt 1805. 

Charles, b 1790; Joel, Ira, Wait, Mary, Mercy, ail 
Erastus. b 1792. m Philinda Meek- born after he rem to Thetford, 

ins of Williamsburg, dau of Vt.. no dates. 

Joseph, and had born to them 

8 JosiAH, Jr., son of Josiah (3), b in Connecticut, m 14 
Nov., 1785, Sophia', dau of Matthew and Hannah (Morton) 
Graves of Wh and Con, b abt 1768, rem from town abt 1790, 
and we give only such ch as were b in Wh : 

Dorothy, bapt in Wh 12 March, 1786; Lucy, bapt m Wh 1789: doubtless 
Maiy, bapt in Wh 8 July, 1787 ; others. 

9 William, son of Josiah (3), b in Colchester, Ct., came 
to Wh in 1782, m 15 Nov., 1787, Waitstill Swift, prob a sister 
of Heman Swift of Wh, res several years in a house opposite 
Bartlett's corner where L. S. Wilcox afterwards built, on the 
corner of Df\d road and Christian lane road where Abijah Marsh 
used to live. They rem to some place unknown to me. Ch : 

Waitstill, bapt 22 June, 1788, d in Bradish, bapt 19 Feb., 1792; 
3 weeks ; . Lemuel, bapt .July. 1794. 

10 Joel, son of Josiah (3), b prob as early as 1765, m 27 
Nov., 1788, Jerusha, dau of Jonathan and Abigail (Chauncey) 
Smith, b 6 Oct., 1771, res at Wh. He d before 1794. She m 
(2) Aaron Pratt of Wh, 28 Jan., 1794. Two ch : 

Joel, Jr., b in Wh 1789; Justin, b in Whr 1791. (17 1-2) 



BROWN. 406 

11 Prescott. son of Lieut. John (4), bapt 13 June. 1779, 
m Betsey Murphy, res at \Vh, d 13 March, 1S34. Two ch : 

.Martha M., b 18 Oct.. 1818, m 4 July, Lorinda, no date. 
1831. Horace Traiu of Wh: 

12 John, son of Lieut. John (4), bapt at Wh 29 April, 
1781, m I Jul}-, 1802, Lydia, dau of Abraham Billings of Hat, b 
16 Oct., 1782, res at Wh. Seven ch : 

Caroline, b 1803. ma Mr. Tinker: field, 5 Dec. 1844; 

Luev. d youns : Newcomb, d young; 

Lvdia. l)'lT88. d 21 Oct., ITDO : Consider, d yoimg : 

Aiuvlia, in James D. AVoods of En- Johin b 1820!' (18) 

13 Spencer, son of Lieut. John (4), bapt in Wh 20 
April, 17S3. m iSoo, Sally, dau of Elihu Waite of Wh, b 26 
July, 17S7, d 18 April, 1S56, res on the Elder Todd farm in Wh. 
He d 26 June, 1S14. Three ch : 

Elbrid^e. b abt 1803, m Ann. dau of Electa, b abt 1806: 

Spencer Root of Williamsburg; Child, b Aug.. 1809. d 26 June, 1810. 

14 Chester, son of Lieut. John (4), b in Wh 17 Nov., 
1791. d 17 April, 1858, ae 67 yrs. m 16 April, 1818, Patty, dau 
of Asa and Lucy (Scott) Sanderson of Wh, b 14 June, 1801, d 
19 June, 1879, ae 78 yrs, res on the homestead on Poplar hill, 
Wh. He was of a quiet, unobtrusive and gentlemanly appear- 
ance, dignified and conservative habits; never indulged in ex- 
tended remarks in public meetings, still a thinker and of sound 
judgment ; alwaj's surrounded by friends who appreciated his 
worth ; liberal in his views, political and religious. If he sug- 
2:ested a course of action it was the result of thought or of his 
life experience; while he entertained a high respect for his 
neighbor's views, yet he conscientiously held his own well- 
developed ideas. His land was well adapted to the growing of 
fruit and he had the skill to grow it in great profusion. He 
always favored the best schools, deeming his money well used 
when he secured the best education that was practicable for his 
children. He was a member of Jerusalem lodge of F. & A. 
Masons at Northampton, joining about 1820. Was much in 
office, serving eight years as one of the selectmen and one term 
as a rep. We take pleasure in presenting his portrait. 
Eleven ch.: 

Diana, b 26 Mav, 1819. m 12 April. Edson ^lerritt of Worcester ; 

1839. Otis M. Conker : Mvron. b 2 Aug.. 1830: (19) 

Ruth, b 8 Sept., 1820, m 8 Sept., Eliza B., b 12 May, 1833. m 1 Jan., 

184.5, Wm. H. Fuller of Wh: 1852. Stephen M Sanderson of 

Champion, b 18 Feb.. 1822: (18) Toronto; 

Charles Emen'. b 4 Aug., 1823, d 3 Infant, b and d 31 Dec., 1834; 

Oct,. 1846^ Mar^' L., b 21 Sept., 1838, m 31 Dec, 
.\lmira, b 24 Mav. 1825, m 1 Dec. 1857. John N. White of Wh: 

1852, W. B. Hamilton. • Henry Waite. b 22 March. 1841, d 22 

Lucy, b 1 July. 1828, m 19 Feb., 1850, Aug., 1844. 

15 Isaiah, son of Isaiah (5), b at Wh 23 Nov., 1781. 
killed by a sled loaded with wood 1814, m 6 Jan., 1803, Demis, 




Chester Brown. 












';^?«te 






'^ 







Champion Brown. 



407 BROWN. 

dau of Abraham Billings of Hat, b / 1 Jan., 1781, rem to Con. 
Three ch : 

Morris and Maria, (twins), b 1810 ; of Cou. 

Lydia. b 1813. m George W. Fairfield 

16 Daniel, son of Isaiah (5), b at \Vh 31 Aug., 1784, d 
4 Jan., 1856. m 23 May. 1803, Lovisa Pratt, prob sister of Capt. 
Amos Pratt, b 15 April, 1784, d 29 May, 1842, res on the home- 
stead of his father. A deacon, often in town office, a prominent 
citizen. Nine ch : 

Emeline R.. 11 Jan., 1809. m 14 Dec. Daniel Jr., b 26 May. 1S17. d in tliree 

1843. Levi Wanier of Sunder- days: 

land: NanoyM.. b 18 Sept.. 1818. m 8 .Mav, 

[Minerva B.. b 1!) Jan.. 1811. m 4 1839, John L. Parslev of "^prinl,'- 

July. 1839, John M. Foster of field: 

Springfield : William Austin, b 4 3[ay. 1821 : 

Sophia L.. b 7 April. 1812. m Rufus Ilenrj- Augustus, b 23 March, 1823, d 

K. tldridge of Ashrield : unm 30 July. 1858: 

Lovisa Pratt, b 25 Feb.. 1814. d 13 Cerintha Adaliue. b 24 Jan.. 1825. ni 

Sept., 1815; 30 Nov.. 1848. Royal J. Ward of 

South Dfld.. 

17 John, Jr., son of John (12), b in Wh 1820, d at An- 
dersonville, Ga., 1864, m Margarett Dagon res in Wh. He 
enlisted in Sept., 1862, in the Sth Regt of Mass Vols, re-enlisted 
25 Jan., 1S64. Was taken prisoner and d as above. Four ch, 
b in Wh : 

Newcomb. b 13 ^lay. 1855. d soon : ^largaret. b 22 May. 1863, m and res 

Maiy. b 30 Sept., 1856. d youiig ; at Holyoke. 

John, Jr.. b 31 March. 1859, d young: 

17 1-2 Justin, son of Joel (10), b at Wh 1791, m 7 April, 
1815, Sally, dau of Consider Waite of Wh, b 19 June, 1796. 
Was employed many years at the U.S. armon*-, but came back 
to W^h and bought the old David Stockbridge farm in the 
Straits. No ch. 

18 Champion, son of Chester (14), b at Wh 18 Feb., 
1820, d at Saginaw, Mich., 21 March, 1892, ae 70 yrs, i m, 2 
days., m 31 Dec, 1848, Lucy M. Simpson of Ash. After leav- 
ing school, at the age of 17 yrs, he commenced teaching school 
at Athol and later at Whitehall, N. Y., after a thorough exam- 
ination by the school board of Washington county, N. Y., sub- 
sequently embarking in the mercantile business at Toronto. 
After a short residence there he removed to Montreal where he 
entered into the manufacture of boots and shoes in company 
with William Childs under the firm name of Brown &. Childs. 
They introduced much improved machinery and carried on a 
ver\' extensive business. He resided in Montreal over twenty 
years, filling many important positions. Was president of the 
city bank and of the New England society, on the committee of 
reception of the Prince of Wales ; was always a stalwart friend 
of the North in the Civil war and did much for the patriotic 
cause, sending many cases of shoes to the army as a free contri- 



BROWN. 40S 

bution. After leaving Canada he settled at Saginaw, Mich., 
and was held in high esteem by all. A prominent Unitarian. 
He left a widow, two daughters and six sons. Was a noble- 
hearted and pure man ; a member of the I, O. O. F. Nine ch : 

Emerv C. b 11 Auj;.. 1849. d 23 Henrv S.. b 22 Oct., I80G: (21) 

Sept.. 1851 : Chester, b 18 Sept., I808 ; (22) 

Ida M.. b 2!) Sept.. ISf)!, res in New Arthur :M.. b 25 .Als^reh. 1861 ; (23) 

York Citv : Percv C. b 4 July. 1805 : 

Anna C. b 28 Jixne. 1854. res hi New Kalph II.. b 23, Jan.. 1808: (24) 

York City; J. Champion, b 13 April, 1871. 

19 MvRON, son of Chester (14), b at \Vh 2 Aug., 1S30, m 
5 Sept., 1S52, Eliza j., dau of Samuel Sanderson, b 19 Jan., 
1835, at \Vh, sold the old homestead and rem to Sund, after the 
birth of his family in \Vh, where he has a beautiful home. 
Six ch : 

Diana C. b 15 Sey)t., 1853: professor of vet. surgery at Har- 

Lizzie Maria, b 28 June, 1858, m 8 vard university : 

Feb.. 1881. Charles B. Merriam. Emeiy Chester, b 20 July, 1868 ; (25) 

a la%vYer in Minneapolis, Minn. ; Mvron Champion, b 14 March, 1866 ; 

Ella Amiie. b 30 Nov., 1859, m 10 (26) 

Oct., 1878, Fred H. Osgood, Harrv Dibble, b 10 Nov.. 1868, d at 

St. Paul, 17 March, 1889. 

20 William Austin, son of Daniel (16), b in Wh 4 
May, 1821, d 16 Sept., 1890, m 8 Oct., 1840, Lucinda A., dau 
of Asa and Naomi (Dickinson) Sanderson of Wh, b 7 April, 
1822, d 19 Oct., 1S59, ae 37 yrs, res at Wh on Poplar hill road. 
One ch ; 

Lucinda A., b 16 Oct., 1859, m 23 Dec, 1880, Elisha Grover. 

21 Henry S., son of Champion (18), b at Montreal, Can- 
ada, 22 Oct , 1856, m Harriet , of Saginaw, Mich., res at 

Bromwell, W. Va. Two ch : 

Elsie K., b 15 Oct., 1886 ; Chester, b 10 Aug., 1888, d Nov., '92. 

22 Chester, son of Champion (18), b in Montreal, Can- 
ada, 18 Sept., 1858, m Jennie Prentiss of Saginaw. Mich., res 
at Lake Charles, La., where he is engaged in bu.siness. One ch: 

Marion, b 10 March, 1883. 

23 Arthur M., son of Champion (18), b 25 March, 1861, 
m Minnie Selleck of Saginaw, Mich., res in Boston where he is 
in business. One ch : 

Hazel. b7 April, 1889. 

24 Ralph H., son of Champion (18), b in Montreal, 
Canada, 23 June, 1S6S, m Mar}^ Bizzell of Atlanta, Ga., where 
he res. 

25 Emery Chester, son of Myron (19), b at Wh 20 
July, 1863, m 23 Dec, 1891, Kate May, dau of Reuben A. and 
Martha M. (Gilbert) Vail, res with his father at his beautiful 
residence in Sund. One ch : 

Dorothy, no dates. 











George Brown and Wife. 



409 



BROWN. 



26 Champion Myron, son of Myron (rq), b in \Vh 14 
March, 1S66, m Fannie, dau of N. and Rebecca E. (Isman) 
Mvrick of St, Paul, Minn., where Champion m and his wife res. 
No eh. 

BROWN, Joseph, came from Pepperell in 179S. It was 
said that when the Widow Lois Brown rem to Wh she brought 
all her effects and two small ch on the back of a horse, Joseph 
being the oldest of the seven. She m (2) 8 Jan., 1S07, Benja- 
min Scott of Wh, and d at the age of 92 yrs. Joseph lived for 
many years at Canterbury, twenty or more rods south of the S. 
W. Allis house, rem late in life to South Dfld where he d in 
1842, m Hannah, dau of Eliphas and Miriam (Wright) Arms of 
South Dfld, pub 6 Aug., 1S03. She was b 4 March, 1781, d 



iS.s: 



ae 



71 vrs. A farmer Ten ch 



Orrin, no dates, m Mary Nims, dar. 

of Daniel Bovden ; 
.llmira, b 30 Auef.. 1806. m 24 April. 

1827. George Brown of Wh ; 
Louisa, b 11 Oct.. 1813, m 26 Oct., 

1845, Richard B. Hawks; 
Mary A. No dates. 
Sophia M., b 28 Jan., 1815. m Samuel 

W. Stedman ; 



Harriet M., no dates, m 10 Nov., 
1846, Francis H. Barnard; 

Charles, no dates, m Sylvia Reming- 
ton ; 

Miriam W.. no dates, m 7 Oct., 1841, 
Stephen Belden of Wh ; 

Julia A., b 27 Aug., 1823, m Charles 
W. Nash of Wh, d 17 Oct.. 1884; 

Infant, b 15 Mav, 1827, d soon. 



1 BROWN, George, son of Amos and xMary (Cummings) 
Brown of Thompson, Ct., b 3 April, 1803, d in Wh 6 Feb., 
1S90, ae 86 yrs, 10 ra, 2S days, m 24 April, 1S27. Almira, dau of 
Joseph and Hannah (Arms) Brown of Wh, b 30 Aug., 1S06, d 
25 Nov., 1890, ae 84 yrs and abt 3 ms, living together 63 \ts. 
He came to Wh abt 1825 or '26. They spent their m life in this 
town and their names and influence were always found on the 
side of improvement and progress, laboring diligently to give to 
their large family every advantage educationally or otherways 
that their means would allow ; they inculcated a high standard 
of morality. He was an ingenious and practical mechanic and 
could use efficiently the tools of other trades than his own. 
They were great readers and their aid was always given and 
voices raised for the best schools and for the increase of our 
library facilities. He was a great lover of rural life and greatly 
enjoyed natural scenery, and the collection of trees and shrubs. 
Their memory of events that had come under their observation 
was truly wonderful ; their lives were pure, their actions such 
as their consciences could approve. They had been influential 
members of the Congregational church in Wh for over sixty 
years. He was a great lover of music and a good singer. We 
here present their portraits. Twelve ch : 
Martha Cummings. b 22 Dec, 1828, Henry Augustus, b t) March, 1837: 



14 March. 1857, Henry T. Brown 

of Charlemont; 
Mary Sophia, b 16 Oct., 1830, a 

famous teacher, unm 1899 ; 
Fred Richard, b 30 Oct. , 1832; (2) 
Theophilua Packard, b5 Jan.. 1835, 

(3) 



(■t) 
Francis Carlton, b 13 Feb.. 1839. m 

Emma Wells; (5) 
James Edward, b 28 March. 1841; 

(6) 
Hannah Armes, b 3 Sept., 1843, d 25 
May, 1845 ; 



BROWN. 41O 

Hannah Arms, h Sept.. 1S45. m Elizabeth Almira. b 20 March, 1850, 

2U Dec. ]80o. Gordon Johnson of killed a^ Dfld bv the cars, 15 

Con: June, 1865 : 

Amos, b 8 :Maroh, 1848, d 28 March, Sybel G.. b 29 Jan., 1852, graduated 

1848 : at S Had c(jllege 1877, unm 1899. 

2 Frederick Richard, son of George (i), b at \Vh 30 
Oct., 1832, m Kate Cunningham of Hartford, Ct.,, enlisted in 
company G 12th Mass. Vols, and d at Culpepper, Va., 17 Jan., 
1864. Left two ch : 

Frnderic^k R., Nettie. No dates. 

3 TiiEOPHiLUS Pack.ird, son of George (i) and Almira 
Brown of \Vh. b 5 Jan., 1S35, m 17 April, 1861, Frances Anna- 
belle, dau of Isaac H. and Harriet N. (^slills) Hampton of To- 
ledo, O., b I Jul}-, 1S39, res at Toledo. He attended the town 
schools until 16 yrs of age, working summers on the farm ; 
when 19 yrs of age he attended the Dfld academy one year, then 
went to Chicago where he remained some months, visiting sev- 
eral places in the West, but settled at Toledo, O., in May, 1858, 
and ensrasred in the fire insurance and real estate business which 
by his judicious management grew to large proportions. He 
purchased one hundred and sixty acres of land on the outskirts 
of the city. This he platted into about nine hundred lots, 
graded the streets, built sidewalks and a street railroad to it 
from the center of the city. In 1879, two years from purchase, 
he sold at auction about one-third of the lots, netting over $50,- 
000. He has built three street railroads, been the promoter, 
manager and president of two important steam railroads, bring- 
ing large accessions to the business and population of Toledo, 
and is still the efficient president of the Toledo, Findlay and 
Springfield railroad. He is a Republican and has served 
acceptably two years in the Ohio senate and aided in the pas- 
sage of man}' beneficent laws that favored his city, particularlj' 
one for the right to raise money by taxation for the support of a 
free public librar>' at Toledo. It is perfectly apparent that 
from his indomitable will and push Toledo owes him much, and 
his native town is ver}' proud of his successful life and glad to 
welcome him to his old home. He has purchased the Leonard 
Loomis place and remodeled it to suit his wishes, a fine picture 
of which is given facing page 205, and his photo accompanjnng 
this sketch. No living ch. 

4 Henry Augustus, son of George (i), b at \Vh 9 
March, 1837, m 22 Feb., 1859, Caroline, dau of Henry and 
Hannah (Loveland) Belden of Wh, b at Wh 14 April, 1838. 
He was a lieutenant in the loth Mass. Regt. and later its adju- 
tant, res some years at Toledo, O., but has bought the Fergu- 
son place in Wh where he now res. Four ch : 

George Hemy, b at Nthu 19 June, Seth Louis, b at Nthn 16 May, 1865, 
1860 : d 22 April, 1866 : 

Jessie, b at Wh, 17 Oct., 1801, d 14 William Herbert, b at Wh 16 Aug., 
Jan., 1863; 1866. 




Hon. T. p. Brow 



N. 



BROWN, 411 CALLAHAN. 

5 Francis C, son of George (i), b at Wh 13 Feb., 1839, 
m Emma Wells, rem to Kansas City, ser\-ed in the Civil war in 
an Illinois Regt., prob has a family of ch. 

6 James E., son of George (i), b at Wh 29 March, 1841, 
m Jennie Legg, res in Milwaukee. Wis., ser\-ed in the Civil war 
in company C, 93d Regt. Ohio Vols., captured and held about 
eighteen months at Florence and at Andersonville from where 
he made his escape. 

BURROUGHS, Stephen, (not the fake minister), was 
here perhaps before iSoo, and with his wife Amilla, lived where 
Rufus Sanderson did aftervvards. Four ch : 

Amilla : Polly, b 1804, m 10 April. 1820. Eras- 

Stephen, bapt 6 July. 1800: tus Waite of Wh. 

Lyman, bapt 21 Aug.. 1808 : 

BUSH, Levi, son of Levi and Martha, b 31 Aug., 1797, m 
(i) 10 May, 1825, Ann Ayres of T^'orth Brookfield, d 28 Oct., 
1837. ae 40 yrs; m (2) 4 July, 1S39, Elvira, dau of John White 
of Wh, b 19 Oct., 1806, d 6 Dec, 1770, ae 64 yrs. He came to 
Wh in 1S23, and kept a general variety store and after 1S30 he 
also kept the hotel, sold out and rem to Westfield where he d. 
Seven ch : 

Martha Ann, b 1 Aug.. 182(3, m B. F. Charits- P., b 20 .Jan., 1883. d (3 

Parsons : Ma v. 1838 : 

Hannah C. b 4 June, 1828, m Rev. Charitv R.. b 1-4 Aus., 188G, m Ethan 

E. P. Smith: C. EIv: 

Susan H.. b 18 Xov., 1880. m a Mr. Elizabeth White, b 2(3 Feb., 1842, m 

Miller; Lyman R. Smith: 

Harriet rklorton, b 2 May, 1844. 

BYRAM. Lieut. Joseph. Revolutionary soldier, came in 
1783 from Bridgewater, b 1726, m 1745, Mary Bowditch of 
Braintree. Ch : 

Elizabeth, b 1747, m 1768 Winslow There were perhaps others. 
Richai'dson and res at Wh. 

CAHILL, William, came from Ireland, b 20 Oct., 1830, 
bought the farm, after the death of J. Pomeroy Dickinson, 
where Deacon Elisha Belden first settled about 1760 in Wh, 
Main St., m 10 Nov., 1863, Catherine Healy, b 15 Dec, 1840. 
A good, careful farmer. No ch. 

CALLAHAN. David 3, son of John-. DanieP, b 17 
March, 1829, m (i) 10 Oct., 1855, Mary Nolan, d 13 April, 
1869 : m (2) rS Jan., 1870, Hannah Fitzgerald, res at Wh cen- 
ter. A farmer. Seven ch : 

John, b 22 Oct.. I806 : ' David. .Jr.. b 11 Oct.. 1873 : 

Mary Ann, b 1 Deo.. 1870, d 12 Nov., Thomas, b 21 Aug.. 1875 : 

1872 ; William, b 14, Dec. 1877 : 

Johanna, b 21. Aug., 1873, d 26 Oct., Richai-d, b 19, Sept.. 1880. 

1872 ; 

Thomas ^, same ancestry, b 17 June, 1830, m ro Feb., 1861, 



CALLAHAN, 412 CHAPIN. 

Margaret Powers. He d 10 Jan., 1872, ae 40 yrs, res at Wh. 
A farmer. Four ch : 

:\Ian-. 1. U Dec, ISni, d voung; John, b 2o Feb., 18G7, d 14 Oct., 

David, b in Mav. 18G4 : " 1872 ; 

Thomas, b 13 March, 18G8. 

CAREY. Richard •^ son of Deacon Joseph*, Jabez 3, 
Deacon Joseph -, John \ b at Williamsburg 15 Jan., 1759. He 
was said to have been a soldier about seven years in the Revo- 
lution, m in 17S2 Susannah Ford of Williamsburg, built a house 
some thirty rods west of the Har\-ey place, rem to New York 
state in 1S06 or '08. The old house was torn down abt 1825. 
Eieht ch b in Wh, but we onlv follow Calvin so far as to give a- 
glimpse of his heroic life : 

Calvin, b June, 1792 : (2) Richard M.. Luther H., Relief. 

Susanna. Lucy, Phebe, Clarissa, 

2 Calvin, the fifth child, b June. 1792, was a soldier in 
the war of 1812-14, a man of immense size and strength, weigh- 
ing over three hundred pounds. At the battle of Black Rock 
he got separated from his company and the Indians tried to cap- 
ture him. He set his back against a tree and single-handed 
fought them ; clubbing with his gun, he rained fearful blows 
on the heads of his assailants. Our men, charging the Indians, 
found the dead hero still clutching the bent and broken gun 
barrel and around him heaps of Indians dead from the blows he 
gave them. 

CARLEY. Samuel, 1764, son of Job of , d 9 

Jan., 1S18, m Submit Lyon, d 30 Jan., 1S18, res in Wh. 
Seven ch, b in Wh : 

John, b 18 Dec. 1768. d Oct., 1790 ; Samuel, b 4 Aug.. 1781. m twice and 

Dorothy, b 17 Sept., 1771, m 28 Dec, rem to Somerset, Niagara Co., 

1790, Lucius Scott of Wh ; N. T. His son Aaron lives on 

Submit, b 17 Aug., 17 1773, m 14 his homestead ; 

July, 1800, John Granger ; Abigail, b 21 April, 1786, m 18 

Samuel, b 15 Nov., 1775, d young; March, 1808, Joseph Belden, of 

Polly, b 20 AprU, 1778, d 16 April, Wh. 

1795: 

CASEY, John, m (i) Julia Kelley, d 19 June, 1859; m 
(2) Johanna Driscoll wl^o d 26 June, 1870, res in Wh. Ch : 

John. Jr., b 12 Nov., 1858. Prob others. 

Patrick, b 26 April. 18(51. 

CASTWELL, Thomas, 1779, settled on Grass hill, m 20 
Dec, 1779, Miriam, dau of Paul Smith of Wh, rem to New 
York state abt 1S05. Nine ch : 

Miriam, d soon. ]\Iiriam, Pauline, phia. Submit, John, b 13 Nov., 

Aurelia, Paraelia, Thomas, So- 1801. 

CHAPIN, Dr. Perez ^ 1778, son of Elijah ^ Thomas ^ 
Thomas ^, Japhet -, Deacon Samuel \ b Sept., 1752, a graduate 
of Middlebury college, settled first at Granby then rem to Wh, 
built and res on the Calvin Wells place, rem to Vermont, d ae 



CHAPIN, 413 CHAFFEE. 

86 yrs, m 5 May. 1776, Elizabeth Smith. Was quite prominent 
in town, serving in various ofifices. Seven ch : 

Roxana. b 9 Oct., 1778 ; Alpheus, b 24 Oct., 1787- 

GUes, b 2 April. 1781 : Elizabeth, b 22 Mav. 1796 • 

Perez, b 29. April. 1783 ; Horace B.. b at Bensou. Vt. 
Sophia, b 28 Sept.. 1785; 

CHAPMAN, Isaac, (I can'fgiveThis ancestr}-) lived on 
the west side of Mt. Easter, d 10 May, 1S64, m 5 Dec, 1805, 
Hannah, dau of Joel and Mary (Carey) Waite of West Wh, d 
7 April, 1865. A farmer and stone mason. Five ch : 

xUvah Riley, b in Wh 7 Sept., 1S06, 1S39. .Martha . Was or- 

m Susanna Fish ; dained as a Baptist preacher in 

Leantha, b S June, 1813. m 5 Dec, 1842, and afterward settled over 

1833. Barnard Boyden of Con ; a Presbyterian church in Ponn- 

George Whitfleld. b"'7 Aug.. 1816, sylvania'^in 1849. 

m Tabitha ^lorgan: Harriet Newell, b 10 Jan. 1823. d 26 

Lucius W., b 7 Jan..' 1820. m 4 Dec, Feb., 1839. 

CHAUNCEY, Richard, son of Rev. Isaac, b 23 Oct., 
1703, at Had, res with his son-in-law, Jonathan Smith, d in Wh 
31 Dec, 1790, ae 87 yrs. One ch : 
Elizabeth, m Jonathan Smith of Wh. 

CLAGHORN, Alvin, son of Benjamin and Esther (Sad- 
dler) Claghorn, b 27 Aug., 1829, ^ 8 May, 1S50. Maria C, dau 
of Aretas arid Nancy (Sanderson) Scott of North Hat, bought 
a place in the Straits where his ch were b, rem to East Dfld. 
Was in office as assessor. Three ch : 

James Frederick, b 1 March. 1851 ; Edward A., b March, 1860, d soon. 

Maiy Esther, b 15 Feb., 1855; 

CLARY, Apollus, son of Elihu. b 27 June, 1798, m 18 
Nov., 1828, Alma, dau of Deacon John Amsden of Dfld, b 9 
Feb., 1809. He d 10 Dec, 1876, lived at the Priest Wells 
place. Wa.s in office in Wh. Five ch : 

Mary A., b 12 Sept., 1829. m 27 Feb., 1856, Helen M. Childs; 

1854, Hollis C. Graves of South Martha A., b 13 Sept., 1835, m Oct., 

Dfld; 1862, (1) William Turner. (2) 

Helen M.. 21 Dec, 1830. m 24 Dec, Dr. Knowlton. both of Nthn ; 

1850. Chauncey B. Tilton ; Harriet C, b 26 Nov.. 1842, m Dr. 

John E., b 26 Aug., 1832, m 3 Sept., Watkins of St. Louis. Mo. 

CHAFFEE, Chester R. *, son of Calvin s, Clifi"ord -, Con- 
stant \ b at Westminster, Vt., 3 March, 1828, ra (i) 24 April, 
1856, Louisa S., dau of Timothy and Sally Bruce of Hardwick, 
b I March, 1826, d 17 April, i860; m (2) 5 Jan., 1861, Ellen 
E., dau of Dr. Myron and Judith (Allis) Har^vood, b in Wh 12 
Nov., 1834. Was formerly in the book trade at Springfield, 
rem to Wh abt 1870. Four ch, b at Springfield : 

Maud L, b 18 Oct., 1857, m 21 Nov., Kate AlUs. b 12 Oct., 1862, ra 1 
1877, Geo. F. Eastman of South Aug., 1893, Wm. M. Hall ; 

Had; Gertrude B., b 1 Aug., 1865. 

Charles C. b 17 Feb., 1860, d 17 May, The last two are graduates of Smiths 
1860 ; Academy, Hat. 



CLARK, 414 COLEMAN. 

CLARK, Justus, 1790, a merchant, remained in town but 
a few years. 

Lemuel, 1790, in company with Justus. Each had a 
small family. 

Dexter, 1S30. d 6 Jan., 1S67, ae 66 yrs, m Amelia, dau 
of John Hibbard, of North Had, d 10 Nov., 1S60, ae 63 yrs. 
They lived in the Straits. A farmer. No ch. 

Peter. 1790, d in Wh 29 May, 183 1, ae 73 yrs, m 4 Nov., 
1790. Zilpah, dau of Capt. Henry Stiles, b 1771, d 17 Sept., 
1S34. ae 73 yrs, res on the Capt. Stiles place by the walnut tree 
in the Lyman Dickinson lot on the east side of Chestnut Plain 
street, about fifteen rods north from the crossroad. Eight ch : 

Ruth, b 4 Xov.. 1790 : Baker, b 6 Feb.. 1797, m and went to 
Xanev, h 1 Feb.. 1701, d 14 Feb, Missouri; 

1870: Esther, b 30 April, 1799, ra a Mr. 
Luciuda, b G Nov.. 1792, m Henrv Wilson: 

Atkins of Wh : " Zilpah, b 1801. d 12 Jan., 1808. ae 7 

Sophia, b 10 Jan.. 1795, m Eli San- vrs ; 

dersouof Wh ; Baxter, b 1803, d 14 Sept., 1805, ae 

2 yrs. 

Leander, from Leverett, a blacksmith, a popular man, 
rep, d 17 July, 1855, ae 53 yrs, m Jan., 1826, Lucinda, dau of 
Perez Wells, b 3 Aug., 1S02, d 22 Aug., 1851, res at Wh. Ch : 

Benlah. b 1826, d at 2 yrs : wounds received in battle 23 

Wells. 27 Nov.. 1844. enlisted for three May, 1864, at New Orleans, La. 

yrs. Co. G, 31 Kegt., Inft., d of 

Stephen, came from Ash, son of Silas, b 2 Jan., 1789, d 5 
Jan., 1S64, m 4 Sept., 1817, Roxa Alden, a lineal descendant of 
John and Priscilla (Molines) Alden of Plymouth. He lived at 
first near Grass hill, sold and bought a farm in the Straits where 
Capt. Faj' used to live. Eight ch : 

Melvm. b 25 Jan.. 1818, m (1) Dor- phus Sanderson, (2) Milton Carr, 

cas Dana. (2) Sophia Browning ; (3) Selah W. Fav of Wh ; 

Albert, b 25 Jan., 1820. m Maiy Mary G., b 22 July, 1829 ; 

Komer ; Henrv G., b 12 April, 1831, m Jane 

Charlotte M., b 18 Feb, 1822. m (1) Brown; 

Geo. Sanders, (2) Zenas Allen; Evmice E., b 24 June, 1833, m Eben 

;Mandona A. , b 14 Sept. . 1824 ; Goodnough 

Haniet, b 8 June. 182G, m (1) Rodol- 

C. Lester, son of Charles W. of Montgomers', Vt., b 18 
Feb., 1859, m 1 Sept., 1886, Lizzie R. (Knights) Dickinson, 
dau of Calvin and Lucretia H. (Damon) Knights of Wh, b 20 
March, 1S57, res on the Lemuel Waite place in Wh. A car- 
penter. Five ch : 

Jennie Lucretia. b 20 Nov., 1887: Sent., 1893 : 

Anna A., b 29 Aug., 1889, d 22 Oct., Leon Harrv, b 13 Dec, 1894, d 10 

1890: Feb., 1895: 

Alvin Lester, b 21 Sept., 1891, d 25 Ella Harriet, 22 March, 1898. 

COLEMAN, Nathaniel, 1765, settled on the place now 
owned by Jerr>' Haffey. The old house was torn down and the 



COLEMAN, 415 COOLEY, 

present one built by R. T. Morton. He d 14 Sept., 1816, ae 74 
yrs, m 24 Oct., 1770, Anna, dau of Benoni Dickinson of Hat, d 
4 May, 183S, ae 92 yrs. Five ch : 

Ruth, b 29 Nov., 1772, d young ; Mehitable. b 14 Nov.. 1780, m John 
Benoni D.. b 14 Nov., 1775, d younc : Graves : 

Ruth, b 24 Feb.. 1778, m Francis Anna, b 12 May, 1783. m Paul Gibbs. 
Belden ; 

NiLES, brother of Nathaniel, came from Marlborough, Ct., 
d 3 Feb., 1779, ae 71 yrs, wife Elizabeth d 2 Sept.. 1774, ae 66 
yrs ; m (2) Dolly Taylor. He was b 1 708, res where afterwards 
lived Ebenezer Bardwell, Asa his son, Horace and Walter \V. 
The farm was given the town by Reuben Belden for school pur- 
poses, but rejected on account of conditions. Four ch : 

Samuel, no dates, m (1) Sybil, (2) Polly, no dates, m Edinond Bird of 

Esther Belden : Xorth Hat . 

Louden, no dates, m Hannah, dau of Josiah, no dates. 

Lemuel Snow ; 

Noah, from Hat, son of Nathaniel, b 27 March, 1718, lived 
on the farm now owned by George B. McClellanat West Brook, 
d 15 Dec, 1794, m Lydia, dau of John and Mary (Belden) 
Waite of Hat, b 14 July, 1712. They had no ch, but adopted 
Capt. Seth Frary who inherited the large estate. 

CONNELIvY. Patrick, came from Ireland, m 21 Nov., 
1874, Kate Stack of Wh, b in Ireland. He has bought a fine 
farm formerly owned by Perez Wells, then by his son Lewis, 
who built the spacious house. A careful farmer. FivechbatWh: 

William, b 26 June, 1875; Mary, b 12 :March, 1883. d 20 Jime, 

Edward, b 3 Feb., 1877: 1884; 

Johanna, b 17 Feb., 1879; John, b 20 March, 1885, d. 17 .Jan., 

1887. 

William, brother of Patrick, b in Ireland, came to Wh 
1874, m 10 Jan., 1877, Nancy, dau of Michael, Handeran, b in 
Wh 1858, d 22 March, 1892. A farmer. Four ch, b at Wh : 

Anna, b 1878 ; William, 23 Julv. 1882 ; 

]yDchael, b 3 April, 1880 ; Dennis, b 14 Feb., 1886. 

CONNERY, Michael, son of Simon, b in Ireland 1833, 
killed by the cars 12 Dec, 1883, ae 50 yrs, m 1859, Margaret 
Hayes, d 23 April, 1876, came to Wh in 1855. A broom man- 
ufacturer and farmer. Seven ch : 

Mary Ann. b 4 March, 1860. m Mar- Orange; 

tin Lvons ^laggie E., b 15 Dec, 1864, m John 
Simon S.,"'b 13 Oct., 1861, m Hannah O. Malley; 

L. Cleary of Hat; Katie, b 16 June, 1808, unm 1899; 

Nellie A., b 9 March. 1863. m 24 Alice; 

May, 1887, Thomas F. Meehan of Hattie E., b 10 Sept., 1871. 

1 COOLEY, Benjamin, son of Barnas and Hannah (Shat- 
tuck) Cooley, b at Dfld 10 Aug., 1773, d 30 June, 1836, at 
Brown Hill, O., whither he had rem abt 1835, m.(i) 13 Oct , 
1799, Elizabeth, dau of Noadiah Lewis, b 1771, d 18 Sept., 



COOLEY. 416 

1812, ae 41 3TS : m (2) Rachel, dau of Moses Hastings of Amh, 
b 20 Nov., 1777, d 1S64, ae 87 yrs. His parents died when he 
was small and he was broug-ht up by Benjamin Scott, Jr. An 
ingenious mechanic, a civil engineer and highly respected. He 
made the survey and map of the town in 1830, by order of the 
state law. Nine ch : 

Frederick, b 12 Nov., 1800, d 30 30 July. 1831 ; 

Dee.. 1800: Moses Hastings, b 19 March, 1814; 
Beniaiuiu Lewis and Betsev Shat- (2) 

luek. etwius), b 19 Feb.\ 1804. Eli Parker, b 31Ju]y. 1815 ; (3) 

Benjamin ni Aurelia Carr, d Lucv, b 16 ]\Iay, 1817, m Seth G. 

18o3 : Betsey d 28 Feb., 1827 ; Morse : 

Tames, b Jan.. 1807. d 12 Jan., 1807: Fannie, b 29 Aug., 1820, d 26 March, 
Frederick, b 13 April. 1808. d uum 1822. 

2 Moses Hastings, son of Benjamin (i), b at Wh 19 
March, iSi4,m(i) i Aug., 184S. Salina C. Hammond of Cedar, 
la., d I May, 1S49: m (2) April. 1850, Eliza J. Thorne of 
Farmington, la., d July, 1851 ; m (3) Sept., 1854, Mar\% a sis- 
ter of Judge McCreary. A lawyer and often in office. Twoch: 

L\Tida Ann Hastings, b 10 June, 1856 ; Clara Ida. b 15 Aug., 1858. 

3 Eli Parker, son of Benjamin (i), b in Wh 31 July, 
1 81 5. m Elizabeth Kelly of Schenectady, N. Y., res in New 
York city. A broom manufacturer. One ch : 

Child, b and d same day. May, 1838. 

Walter F., son of Lyman and Elizabeth (Dunakin) 
Cooley of Sund. b 15 May, 185S, m 22 April, 1886, Miriam S., 
dau of Stephen Belden. She hved with her aunt, Mrs. Charles 
Nash, after the death of her mother, res at Wh. Two ch : 

Charles Walter, b 12 Feb.. 1887 ; Julia, b 30 Nov., 1890. 

4 Lemuel *^, son of Martin ^, Simeon *, Simeon ^, Daniel -, 
Ensign Benjamin ^ of Springfield, the fifth child of Martin, b 4 
March 1788, d 4 Aug., 1875, m 12 Feb., iSri, Esther, dau of 
Capt. Seth and Esther (Scott) Frary of Wh, b 6 July, 1789, res 
many years where R. M. Swift now lives, bought a farm in 
North Hat after the birth of their ch, A very active and gen- 
erous hearted man. Six ch : 

Leander. b 12 Nov. . 1811 ; (6) Dwight Bartlett of North Hat ; 

Lv.sauder. b 10 Sept.. 1813: (7) Clarissa, b 1 March, 1821. m Daniel 
Dennis, b 12 Oct.. 1815: (8) Vining of North Hat; 

Louisa, b 5 Dec, 1818, m Samuel Eleazer Frary, b 5 June, 1823. (9) 

5 Dennis*^, son of Martin •^ b 4 Aug., 1789, d 19 Oct., 
1847, m 2 Aug., 1814, Phila, dau of Justin and Esther (Hard- 
ing) Morton of Wh, b 9 Feb., 1788, res in Wh, for a number of 
years ran an express to Nthn. A generous hearted and good 
citizen. One ch : 

Justin Morton, b 12 May, 1815. (12) 

6 Leander, son of Lemuel (4), b at Wh 12 Nov., 1811, 



COOLEY, 417 COOK. 

d 13 June, 1886, m Louisa Beebee, res at North Hat. A farmer. 
Six ch : 

L. Milton, b 12 March, 1839. d Imogene L.. b 20 Oct.. 1846; 

soon: George L., b 18 Jan.. 1849, d young; 

Esther J., b 8 April. 1841. m Henry Elbert L., b 1 April, 1853. d 15 

C. Xewcomb; March, 1868. 

Harriet A., b 14 Aug., 1844; 

7 Lysander, son of Lemuel (4), b 10 Sept.. 1S13, d 1S86, 
m (i) 10 Sept., 1837, Rhoda Dennis of Woodstock. Vt., b 2 
June 1S17 ; m (2) Ruana Strong, res at North Hat. No ch. 

8 Dennis, son of Lemuel (4), b in Wh 12 Oct., 1815, m 
(i) 1843, Minerva Moor of Wilmington, Vt. ; m (2) Rosilla 
Howes, rem to Springfield. Three ch : 

Snsan A., b 23 March, 1844, d 23 Myron D., b 26 Aug.. 1846 : 
Nov., 1855; Irving J., b 6 Aug.. 1858 ; 

9 Eleazer Frary, son of Lemuel (4), b at Wh 5 June, 
1823, m (i) 31 Dec, 1845, Harriet P., dau of Herrick Ander- 
son of North Hat, d ; m (2) 3 May, 1876, Melissa J. Stoddard 
of Templeton, res at North Hat. A farmer. Four ch : 

Fidelia A., b 26 April. 1847. m Henry Briggs; 

W. Bardwell of Wh ; William C. b 9 July, 1854; (10) 

Eva .J., b 6 Aug., 1850. m Edward Ashley L.. b 10. June, 1859. (11) ' 

10 WiLLiA.M C, son of Eleazer F. (9), b at North Hat 9 
July, 1S54, m 15 Jan., 1S77, Jennie A., dau of Cotton and Mar- 
tha (Damon) Munson of Wh, b 13 June, 1S54, d 11 May, iSSo, 
ae 25 yrs ; m (2) 29 Dec, 1S87, Jennie E. Lyons of Suffield, Ct. 

11 Ashley L., son of Eleazer F. (9), b at North Hat 10 
June, 1859, m (i) 7 Sept., 1881, Alice Lestina, dau of Charles 
D. and Lovina (Langdon) Bartlett of North Hat, b 24 April, 
1854, d at Orange 20 May, 1896 ; m (2) 20 Sept., 1898, Kate 
Alma, dau of William T. and Elizabeth (Goucher) Stephenson 
of Maiden, b 16 July, 1869, res on Summer St., Orange. One ch : 

Edna Louise, b at Orange 9 Oct., 1887. 

12 Justin Morton, son of Dennis (5), b 12 May, 1815, 
m Ann B., dau of Calvin Marsh, bought the store that had been 
occupied by Morton tSc White and moved it to just south of the 
present Congregational church and remodeled it for a house, 
now owned by Horace Manning. He was then in the broom 
business, but sold and rem to Springfield and built the now fa- 
mous Cooley hotel and has grown up with that section of the 
city and is among Springfield's best citizens. One ch : 

Ann Eliza, b 19 March. 1838. 

COOK, James P. from Dedham, b May, 1790, d in Wh 14 
Nov., 1863, m Electa, dau of Israel and Anna (Brown) Graves 
of Wh, b 3 Dec, 1800, d 21 Nov., 1880, ae 79 yrs, res in Wh. 
Two ch : 



COOK, 



418 



CRAFTS. 



Naucy P., m 17 June, l84o, Wm. O. 
AVav of Wallincrford. C"t. : 



Sylvia, m Wm. Cross. 



CONE. WiiLiAM. 17S8, from Middletown, Ct., m Abia, 
dau of Solomon and Thankful (Lee) Atkins, res in Christian 
lane. Three ch : 



Sally, bapt 17 Oct., 1790; 
Etta, bapt 18 Jan., 1793; 



Eppa, bapt 3 May, 1795. 



COVELL, Charles Addison, son of Lewis and Elizabeth 
(Marsh) Covell of Hat, b 12 July, 1849, m '26 Aug., 1868, 
Harriet S., dau of Calvin Knight of Wh, b 12 Oct., 1846, 
bought the Luther Warner house and shop, runs a sawmill and 
manufactures basket rims. Two ch : 



Edward Lewis, b 28 Jan., 1S70; 



Nellie Elizabeth, b 28 :\Iarch, 1875. 



CUTTER, James, b 27 March. 17S1, m Sarah Clark, b 31 
Jan., 1783, d 8 Nov., 1856, ae 73 j-rs. He d 28 Aug., 1843, ae 
62 yrs. A blacksmith and lived at West Wh a good mam^ 
3'ears, and is identified as running a trip hammer by water 
power. This shop he sold in 18 16 to Reuben Jenney, then had 
another at power No. 5 on the south side of the brook, sold all 
out. including his house, to Jenney and moved to Hat abt 1820. 
Seven ch : 



Thomas C, b IG July. 1804. 

The others: Lorenzo Dow, Marj', 



Angeline. James D., Sarah, Har- 
riet T. 



Thomas Clark, son of James, b in Wh 16 July, 1804, m i 
Jan.. 1829, Viana Mann of Richmond, N. H., d 11 Oct., 1880. 
He d 5 Oct., 1881, res at Hat. Seven ch : 

Emeline. C. b 15 April. 1830; 
George W., b 11 Feb.. 1832 ; 
James A., b 19 Oct., 1835: 
Calista L., b 18 Sept., 1838; 
Edwin E., bFeb., 1840; 



Ellen A., b25 Aug.. 1845: 

Florence A., b 31 Oct., 1847. m (1) 
Ernest A. Allis, (2; Wells Dick- 
inson of Wh. 



1 CRAFTS, Griffin, came prob from Yorkshire, Eng., 
b abt x6oo, came in Winthrop's fleet, on the ship Arbella, the 
flag ship of Gov. Winthrop's first four ships. The Arbella had 
a crew of fifty-two men and carried twenty-eight guns, each 
male passenger being obliged to drill with pikes and other arms 
to defend themselves against Spanish pirates. The Arbella 
anchored in Charles river for some time until houses could be 
built, and a son, John, was bom before they left the ship. He 
took the Freeman oath 18 May 1631, settled in Roxbury, was 
elected a Deputy to the Court in 1638 and again in 1665, '66 
and '67. was often in various offices of honor and trust, a lieu- 
tenant in the Ancient Artillery- Company and held that office 
until 1676, when he resigned. After the destruction of the re- 
cords of Roxbur}' by fire, he was one of five chosen as a com- 
mittee to restore them, was one of the selectmen many times, a 
commissioner to end small cases, administer oaths and solem- 
nize marrriages etc., holding that position from 1659 to 1670. 



419 CRAFTS. 

He m Alice . in England, d 25 March. 1673; m (2) 

Urrula, \vd of William Robinson of Dorchester, dau of Henr\' 

Adams of Braintree : m (3) Dorcas , d 30 Dec. 1697, he d 

4 Oct. 1689, having been blind several years. Six ch. 

Hannah, b in England, m 2 April, Samuel, b at Roxbury 12 Dec. 1637, 

11)45. Nathaniel Wilson : m Elizabeth Seever: 

John, b on board ship, 10 July, 1630: Moses, b at Roxbury, 28 April. 1(541, 

(2) m Rebecca Gardner. 

Mary, b at Roxbury 10 Oct., 1632, m For a more extended history of the 

Joseph Griggs: above family see the • "Crafts 

Abigail, b at Roxbury, 24 March, Families." In this work we 

1034, m John Ruggles • only follow .John and his de- 
scendants. 

2 John, son of Lieut. Griffin (i), b on shipboard 10 July. 
1630, d at Roxbury 3 Sept., 16S5, m (i) 7 June, 1654, Rebecca, 
dau of Ralph and Rebecca Wheelock of Dedham and Medfield, 
prob b in England, d in Roxbury- 24 Nov., 1667; m (2) 30 
March, 1669, Mary Hudson of Lynn, d 3 Jan., 1724. John and 
wife Rebecca joined the Congregational church. The town 
granted him land 19 Jan., 1657, "From his barne end and so to 
the river, to be viewed and staked out by his naibors, S:C." 
Ten ch : 

Thomas, b Roxbury 1650. (0) Mary, Joseph, Abigail, Mehit- 

The other ch were John, Rebecca. able, Sarah, Ephraim, Lydia. 

3 Samuel, son of Lieut. Griffin (i). b at Roxbury' 12 
Dec, 1637, d 1691, m 16 Oct., 1661, Elizabeth, dau of Robert 
and Elizabeth (Ballard) Seaver of Roxbury, b 19 Nov.. 164.3, 
res with his father on the old homestead, was quite prominent in 
church and town and much in office. Eleven ch but we do not 
follow them, as none of our families descend from them. 

4 Moses, son of Lieut. Griffin (i), b at Roxbury 28 April, 
1641, m at Roxbury 24 June 1667, Rebecca, dau of Peter and 
Rebecca Gardner of Roxbury, rem to Dfid in 1674 and thence 
to Wethersfield, Ct., where he d. Five ch but we do not follow 
them, as none of our families descend from them. 

5 •Thomas, son of John (2), b at Roxbury 1656, d at Had 
27 Feb., 1692, ae 36 yrs, m 6 Dec, 1683, Abigail, dau of John 
and Frances (Foot) Dickinson of Had, b abt 1663, d 1714. She 
had m (2) Samuel Crowfoot or Crawford of Had where she d. 
Six ch : 

John. bS Xov., 1684: (6) jamin Smith of North Had : 
:Mary, b 2 Feb., 1680, m 1709 Thorn- Benoni. b 22 Oct., 16i)2, m 26 Xov.. 

as Hovey : 1711). Rebecca Edwards. He rem 

Abigail, b 29 Sept., 1688, m 3 Feb., to Northlield, d at Hat 20 Mav, 

1709, Joseph White: 1722, ae 29, wife d at Deertield. 

Thomas, Jr.. 27 Feb., 1690, d unra 10 Nov., 1720: had one <Iaa, Re- 

9 Feb., 1764- becca, b 1 Nov., 1720, d 20 June, 

Elizabeth, b 17 April, 1691, m Ben- 1721. 

6 John, son of Thomas (5), b at Had 8 Nov., 1684 d 2 
May, 1730, at Hat. His headstone is still standing in the old 



CRAFTS. 



•426 



cemeten- on the Hill at Hat ; is a simple old natural stone let- 
tered in this form 

lOHN CRAFTS 

Dye^ May y^ 2, 1730, 

In y^ 44 year. 
This inscription has been recut by the payment of a dime from 
each of his great-great-grandchildren in Wh, and reset. The 
stone is a hard red sandstone, peculiar to the Connecticut 
Valley. He m 17 May 1716, Martha, dau of John and Sarah 
(White) Graves of Hat, b at Hat 4 Nov., 16S9. She m (2) 14 
Nov., 1734, Eleazer Aliis of Hat. d 5 June, 17S0, ae 92 yrs. 
John Crafts rem to Hat from 1704 to 1705, as he was taxed in 
1705, was an active and esteemed citizen, owned fifty acres in 
the Gov. Bradstreet farm in \Vh. In 1714 he went as the 
second man in the squad led by his cousin, Martin Kellogg, to 
secure the release of prisoners captured during the war, known 
as Queen Anne's war, between England and France. The mis- 
sion was successful but owing to the weakness of the women 
and children, Kellogg took them aboard a sloop around to Bos- 
ton, while Crafts with the rest of the men came from Quebec to 
Montreal, thence up the Sorrell river into Lake Champlain, 
thence up Otter Creek as far as the}- could with canoes, thence 
overland to the great meadows (Putney, Vt.), thence home in 
their canoes they had left on the journey up. Prob there was 
not a house in the then dense forest of Vermont or anj-where after 
they left Masschusetts until they reached Canada. The trip 
home consumed twenty-nine days to Putney, or the great 
meadows. The memorandum book that he kept is 3'et extant 
and in possession of the writer, a valued heirloom. Five ch, 
b at Hat : 



Thomas, b 16 Aug.. 1717: (7) 
Moses, b 23 Oct., 1719: (8) 
Rebecca, b 12 Oct., 1721, m in 1742, 



Gideon Dickinson of Hat : 
Benoni, b 17 Nov., 1725; (9) 
Gains, b 22 Dec, 1727. (10) 



7 Thomas, son of John (6), b at Hat 16 Aug., 17 17, d at 
Wh 4 Feb., 1803, ae 85 yrs, m in 1742 Sarah, dau of Joseph 
and Bridget (Scott) Graves of Hat, b 13 Nov., 171 7, d in Wh 
13 Jan., 1803, ae 85 yrs, after a union of abt 61 yrs, dying only 
24 days apart. He built his house where Seth B. Crafts now 
lives in 1 75 1. A farmer, a quiet and discreet man and highlj^ 
esteemed. Nine ch : 



John, b at Hat 7 Jan., 1743 : (11) 
Joseph, b at Hat 6 Nov., 1745: ri2) 
Martha, b at Hat 27 Nov.. 1748. m 

2 Dec, 1798. Jacob Rosevelt. 

He was a soldier under Burgovue ; 
Moses, b at Hat G JIaj-, 1750: (13) 
Sarah, b at Wh 16 July, 1752, d 

voung ; 
Miriam, b at Wh 10 Dec, 1754, d 

imm 28 April, 1794: 
Rhoda, b at Wh 14 Feb., 175G, m 25 

Dec, 1776, Phineas Scott of 



Wh. rem to Hawley in the winter 
or 1782. The snow was so deep 
that when they reached Shirk- 
shire in Conway, with their ox 
team. Mrs. Scott and her child 
sought refuge for the night at a 
farmhouse. The next day a score 
of men and teams from Hawley 
met them and carried them to 
their log house in Hawley ; 

Graves, b 26 Oct.. 1859; (14) 

Seth, b 21 Oct., 1762. (15) 



421 CRAFTS. 

8 Moses, son of John (6). b at Hat 23 Oct., 1719. The 
date of his death is not ascertained, prob never married. Was 
living in Hat in 1744 and d before 1753. 

9 Benoni, son of John (6), b at Hat 17 Nov., 1725, d at 
Wh 25 April, 181 2, ae 86 yrs, from the inability to swallow food, 
m 15 Jan., 175S, Abigail, dau of Deacon Isaac and Man,- Graves 
of Hat, b 4 Feb.. 1731, d at Wh 25 March, 1774. He lived 38 
yrs after the death of his wife. He rem to Wh and in 1760 or 
'6r built where G. W. and Asa J. now res. The land on 
the west side of Chestnut Plain St. was prob owned in company 
with his brother Gains, as he built a house upon it. Benoni 
was an upright and respected citizen, a Revolutionan.- soldier, 
an expert hunter, by trade a cooper, but a large farmer. His 
five ch were all b in Wh : 

Reuben, b 2.5 March. 1759; (16) Elizabeth, b 11 Nov., ITGT. m 17 

Jerusha. b IG March. 1762. m 22 Oct.. April, 1783. Perez WelLs of Wh : 

1805, Lieut Abel Scott of Wh: Abigail, b- 6 Jan., 1769. m 8 Feb., 
Asa, b 6 May, 1765. d unm 2 Sept., 1787, Moses Graves of Wh. 

1854, ae 89. A Rev soldier ; 

10 Gaius. son of John (6) b at Hat, 22 Dec. 1727, d at 
Hat, was in the Revolutionan,- war. He came to Wh with his 
brother Thomas 1751; with his brother Benoni they pur- 
chased land on the west side of C. P. street, and he built a 
house in readiness for use, but for some reason never married. 
He sold his possessions in Wh to Israel Graves and then re- 
turned to Hat, where he d from a fall 30 Sept.. 1S02, ae 75 \rs. 

11 John, son of Thomas (7), b at Hat 7 Jan., 1743. d 3 
May, 1826. ae 83 yrs, m 29 April, 1784, Thankful, dau of Solomon 
and Thankful (Lee) Atkins, b at Middletown, Ct., in 1750, and 
d at Wh 14 Feb., 1786, ae 36 yrs; m (2) Martha, dau of Orange 
Warner of Had, b 11 Sept., 1756, and d 21 March, 1830, ae 73 
yrs. He bought the house built by John Lamson, where after 
Samuel Lesure built, this for many years was kept as a tavern. 
He was a large land owner in Wh, a soldier in the Revolu- 
tionary war. Four ch: 

Thankful, b in Wh Feb. 1786, m 1822, John Russell of Had. d 

Calvin Wells of Wh ; 29 June. 1836 ; 

OrauKe.binWhl2Feb.,1796,d5Feb., Lydia. b 10 Aug.. 1800. m 25 Aug.. 

1801 ; 1829, Elias Hibbard of North 

Emily, b 13 Feb., 1798, m 3 Jan., Had. 

12 Joseph, son of Thomas (7), bat Hat 6 Nov., 1745. d 
18 Oct., 18 1 5, ae 70 yrs, m 20 May, 1779, Roxcellany, widow of 
David White and dau of Gideon and Mary (Parsons) Warner 
of Had, d in 1830. He was in several campaigns in the Revolu- 
tionary war, res in Wh. Ten ch, b in Wh: 

Mary Paulina, b 8 Jan., 1780, m in Chester, b 9 Dec, 1783: (17) 

1806, Curtis Root of Columbia, Sabra, b 1785, d unm 26 Feb.. 1814: 
Me.; Ansel, b Oct., 1787. He was a car- 

Lucretia, b 9 Dec, 1781, m 29 Dec, penter and was killed by falling 

1801, Joseph Waite of Wh ; 



CRAFTS. 422 

from a i-liuri?h roof while working Roswell. b 17!14. d unm 25 Sept., 

at Westlield. 15 Oct., 1809; 1827; 

David, b 15 Oct.. 1790, d 31 Aug.. Parsons, b 1795 ; (18) 

1844, ae 53: Josephus, b 1798, d 15 Dec, 1805. 
Roxcellany, b 3 April, 1793. d soon. 

13 Moses, son of Thomas (7), b at Hat 6 May, 1750, d 
ojriii., 1S26, ae 76 yrs, m 21 May, 1778, Abigail, dau of Joel 
and Johanna (Clark) Kellogg of Had, b 18 Nov., 1757, d 8 
Jan., 1833, ae 75 yrs. A farmer, res in \Vh, of a genial, pleas- 
ant temperament and a fine singer. Eleven ch, b in Wh : 

Sarah, b 27 Dec, 1778, m 6 May, Caroline, b 10 June, 1791, m 13 July, 
1798 Jeiemiah Waite of Wh ; 181G, Beuiamin Larabee ; 

Thomas, b 10 Sept., 1781 : (19) Sophronia, b 10 Julv. 1793, d soon : 

.T<iW Kellogg, b 15 Dec. 1782 ; (20) Caleb, b 11 April, 1709, d soon; 

Kufus, b 8 3Iaich, 1787: r21) Ralph, b 29 Mav, 1798, d soon; 

Abigail, b 20 April, 1789, m Jesse Caleb, b 28 Julv, 1800 : (22 

Jewett, 9 April, 1817; Khoda. b 7 April, 1803. m 14 Sept.. 

1826, John R. Cushmau. 

14 Graves, son of Thomas (7), b in Wh 26 Oct., 1759, d 
29 July, 1847, ae 87 yrs, m (i) 6 Nov., 1782, Eunice, dau of 
Israel and Eunice (Waite) Graves of Wh, b 12 Jan., 1763, d 9 
Dec, 1S26. ae 63 yrs; m (2) i March, 1827. Sarah, widow of 
Barnabas F. Howell and dau of Capt. Lucius Allis of Con, b 15 
April, 1771, d 3 April, 1852. By trade he was a shoemaker, 
but owned and carried on a large farm in Wh. Served a long 
while in tlie Revolutionary army. The night before the execu- 
tion of Maj. Andre he stood on guard in company with Abel 
Scott, one of his neigHbors, over this famous spy. Mr. Crafts 
was very companionable, loved a joke, a great rhymester, a 
splendid singer, —.1 charming mati. Thirteen ch, all b in Wh : 

Israel, b 21 March. 1783, d 4 April, }>ririam, b 24 Feb., 1796. m 30 April, 
1787 : 1840, J\istus Graves of Wh ; 

Lucv, b 28 Nov., 1784, m 10 April, Sophia, b 30 Nov., 1797, d unm 4 
"l809, Elijah Graves; April, 1868; 

Elijah, b 5 Nov. 1786; (23) Eli, b 13 Nov., 1799 ; (27) 

Israel, b 11 Dec, 1788; (24) Graves, b 7 July, 1803, d 25 AprU, 

Justus and Justin, (twins), b 21 Jan., 1820 ; 

1791, Justus, (24 1-2) Justin, (25) Infant son, b 10 Feb., 1805, d soon ; 

Gad, b 17 Feb.. 1794 : (26) Silas, b 24 Jan., 1807. (28) 

15 Seth, son of Thomas (7), b at Wh 21 Oct., 1762, d 22 
June, 1836, ae 73 yrs, m (i) 21 Dec, 1786, Joanna, dau of 
David, Jr., and Mary (Smith) Graves of Wh. b 21 Ma}', 1760, d 
ri June, 1S14 ; m (2) 18 June, 1815, Mrs. Anna (Brockvvay) 
French, dau of Isaiah and Elizabeth (Comstock) Brockvvay of 
Southampton, b 20 March, 1774. d in Wh 4 Aug., 1863. A 
man of good sound sense, a large farmer, res on the homestead 
of his father, now owned by his grandson, Seth Brock way 
Crafts, Ten ch : 

Dexter, b Feb., 1787, d 22 Aug., 1795; Matilda, b Julv. 1792. d 13 Julv, 
Rebecca, b Sept., 1788, d 4 Aug.. 1795; 

1795; Miriam, b Dec. 1794, d 1 Aug., 1795; 

Pamelia, b Oct.. 1789, d 16 July, The above all died of canker-rash, 

1795; Dexter, b 19 May, 1796 ; (29) 




Martin Crafts, 
Elbridge G. Crafts, 



THOMAS CRAFTS, 
and his sons 



James M. Crafts, 
Thomas S. Crafts. 



4^3 CRAFTS. 

Rebecca, b 28 Jan., 1798. m 27 Jan.. Pamelia. b 2 Dec, 1802, m 6 Sept 

1831, Justus Ferry of Granby: 1832, David Wells ; 

Noah, b 28 Sept., 1800 : (30) Luther, b o Sept., 1807, d unm 8 

April, 1832, at Granville, N. Y. 

16 Reuben, sou of Benoni (9), b in \Vh 25 March, 1759, 
d at \Vh 14 Feb., 1814, of typhus fever, m pub 17 July, 1783, 
Henrietta, dau of Matthew and Hannah (Morton) Graves of 
Wh, Con and Norwich, N. Y., b 6 May, 1764, d at Wh 9 Jan., 
1853, ae 88 yrs. Mr. Crafts was a long time a soldier in the 
Revolution, going first in place of his father who had been 
drafted at fifty years of age. He was an active, go-ahead man, 
a farmer, and highly respected. Eight ch, b in Wh : 

Charlotte, b 7 Jime, 178(i. m S. F. Hannah, b 1(3 March, 1796, m 10 

Bigelow : June 1824, Amasa Lam.son : 

Cotton, b 27 luly. 1788 : (31) Miranda, b 15 Oct., 1799, m 17 

Erastus, b 3 March, 1791 : (32) March, 1831, Samuel Daone : 

Caleb, b 3 Aug., 1793, d 11 Aug., Fanny C, b 8 Oct., 1802, m 9 April, 

1793 ; 1832, Warren Pease : 

Caleb, b 3 Feb., 1805. (33) 

17 Chester, son of Joseph (12), b at Wh 9 Dec, 1783, d 
27 Sept., 1827, m 16 March, 1809, Phila, dau of Reuben and 
Electa (Allis) Jewett of South Dfld, b 25 Jan., 1791, d 2 July, 
1880, ae 89 yrs. A farmer and res at Wh "some years, rem to 
South Dfld. dying at 43 yrs of age. Nine ch, b in Wh or S. Dfld : 

Josephus. b 2 March. 1810 : (34) David White, b 17 Feb.. 1820 : (36) 

Chester, b 6 March. 1812; (35) Roswell Parsons, b 17 Sept., 1822; 
Mary Ann, b 1 Feb., 1814, m 12 (37) 

April, 1836, Capt. Enos Parsons: Albert WiUiam, b 17 Feb., 1825; 
Parthena, b 17 Feb., 1816, m 7 Mav, (38) 

1840, Elihu S. Stall ; Phila Amelia, b 14 Jan., 1827, m 26 
Sylvia, b 14 Jan.. 1818, m 1 Oct., Nov., 1846. Henry J. Walker. 

1840, Alvin Field ; 

18 Parsons, son of Joseph (12), b at Wh 1795, m 1S16, 
Widow Judith (Chase) Dudley, rem from Pennsylvania to Ohio. 
Was a blacksmith and engaged in the manufacture of agricul- 
tural implements, later rem to Illinois and was a contractor upon 
railroads. He d in 1839, ae 43 yrs, and his wife d in 1833, ae 
36 yrs. Eight ch : 

Olive, m Levi Joyce and d the next Sophronia, d soon ; 

year; Josephus, b 26 May, 1826 ; (39) 

Lydia, d at 7 yrs: James, b 1828 ; (40) 

Pamelia, m Thomas Stacy of Cleve- Mary, d young ; 

land, O. : David King, b 18 April. 1832. (41) 

19 Thomas, son of Mo.ses (13), b at Wh 10 Sept., 1781, 
d 7 Oct., 1861, ae 80 yrs. m 5 July, 1804, Mehitable, dau of 
Martin and Mehitable (Edson) Graves of Wh, b 20 March, 
1779, d 29 Dec, 1 86 1. They lived as husband and wife more 
than fifty-seven years at Wh. He was often in town office as 
selectman, assessor, rep two terms, justice of the peace, etc., 
extensively engaged in business, owned a large farm ; a good 
talker, and a common-sense man. Eight ch : 



CRAFTS. 



424 



^lartin. b 15 Sept., 1805, d soon; 
Mdnhi. h 4 April, 1807 : (42) 
Aurt'lia, b 11 Julv. 1809, m 2 Dec. 

1880, Allen Belden of Wh and 

d 11 April. 1857. ae 47 : 
Tripheua. b 20 April. 1812, d 24 
'Sept., 1814: 



Elbridce Gerry, b 13 Dec, 1814; 

(43) 
James Monroe, b 20 Feb.. 1817; (44) 
Triphena, b 22 Aug., 1819, m 10 

Nov.. 1842, David Belden of 

Wh, d 21 Dec, 1842, ae23: 
Thonias Spencer, b 21 April, 1825, 

unm, res in California. 



20 Joel Kellogg, son of Moses (13), b in Wh 15 Dec, 
17S2. d at Had 7 April, 1823, m i Feb., 1809, Elizabeth, dau of 
Solomon and Triphena (Newton) Cook of Had, b 4 Ma\-, 1792. 
She m (2) Stephen Gates, d i Feb., 1869 at Medina. O., ae 76 
vrs. A farmer. Six ch : 



Eleazer Parsons, b 28 ^Sov.. 1811 ; 

(45) 
Triphena Cook, b 8 Dec. 1812. d 3 

S'pt.. 1S27: 
Sdphntnia, 1) 22 ^larch, 1814, m 22 

April, 1834, John Hilliard: 



Solomon Cook, b 13 Sept., 1815; 

r46) 

Elizabeth Newton, b 15 Sept., 1817. 

m 25 Feb., 1839, Enoch L. 

Reed : 
Lois Lavinia. b 1 Nov., 1819, m 30 

N-ov., 1835, Solomon Lovejoy. 



21 RuFUS. .son of Moses (13), b at Wh 8 March, 1787, d 
14 Nov., 1S43, ae 56 yrs, m 26 Feb., 18 10, Lucy, dau of Joseph 
and Jerusha (Ingram) Kellogg of Amh, b 25 Oct., 1788, d 2 
Sept., 1S69. By trade a potter, owned a farm and the last years 
of his lite were devoted to farming, res in Wh where his ten ch 
were b : 



Rali-h Erskine. b 2() Jan., 1812 ; (47) 
Cha]>man. b 24 :\Iareh. 1813; (48) 
Georce Washington, b 30 Nov., 1814; 

(49) 
]Mvron Harwood. b 11 Aug., 181G ; 

(50) 
Ehira Jerusha. b 22 Aug., 1818. m 

28 Sept., 1843, Prof. Robert D. 

Weeks of Newark, N. J., d 18 



Feb., 1858, ae40; 
Joseph Kellogg, b 7 June, 1821 ; 

(51) 
Joel Franklin, b 19 Sept., 1823. d at 

2 vrs of age ; 
Joel Franklin, b 29 May. 1825 ; (52) 
Rufus Wells, b 7 July. 1828 ; (53) 
Lemuel Bates, b 16 Oct., 1830, d 30 

June, 1831. 



22 Col. Caleb, son of Moses (13), b at Wh 29 July, 
1800, d I Jan., 1854, at Wh, m 18 May, 1823, Sophronia, dau 
of Daniel and Sophronia (Smith) Morton of Wh, b 18 March, 
1806, d 18 Feb., 1866. By trade a potter and worked at his 
trade in West Troy, N. Y., and. also in Portland Me., and at 
Nashua. N. H., but returned to Wh where he d. He was 
above the average in culture and mental ability. Seven ch : 



Harriet C'omelia, b at Wh 8 Sept.. 
1823, m 28 Nov.. 1842, Dexter 
Daniels of Portland. Me. ; 

3Iaria Louisa, b at Wh 13 July. 
1825, m (1) 6 Oct., 1844, Thomas 
G. Bowers of Nashua, (2)28 Mav, 
1851, S. D. Kellogg, of North 
Amh : 

Charles Perr^-. b at Wh 14 Oct., 1827 ; 
(54) 



Edward Alonzo, b at Wh 28 Jan., 

1830 : (55) 
George Morton, b West Troy, N. Y., 

16 May, 1835; (56) 
Thomas Hart Benton, b Portland, 

Mc. 13 Dec, 1837; (57) 
Sophronia Morton, b at Wh 19 April, 

1851, m 22 April. 1868, George 

Kelt of North Amh. 



23 Elijah, son of Graves (14), b at Wh 5 Nov., 1786, d 
12 Aug., 1874, ae 87 yrs, m 18 Dec, 1810, Doll3% dau of John 



425 



CRAFTS. 



Trescott of Wilmington. Vt., b 3 April, 17S8, d 5 Feb., 1833, ae 
45 yrs. They rem in 1S16 to Plattsburg, Steuben county, X. Y. 
Eight ch : 



Sarah, b in Wh 7 April. 1812, d 18 
Aug., 1817: 

Eunice Maria, b in Wh 18 Aug., 
1813, m U 3rarch, 1832, Geo. W. 
Stanford of Schenectadv, N. Y. : 

Lucy, b at \Vh 21 Dee.. I8I0, m 10 
Feb.. 1835, Amasa Noble of -Mid- 
dlesex, X. Y. ; 



Myron, b Feb., 1819, m 11 Oct.. 

1852, Mary A. Clemens ; 
Xaucy. b 22 Oct.. 1820. d voung; 
Sophia, b 12 Julv. lcS22. m 10 June, 

1843. Philander Perry ; 
Clyraenia. b 3 Feb.. 1827, m 24 Oct., 

1855, John V. Stevens: 
Xorman, b 3 April, 1829. m 23 Xov., 

1858, Jenette E. Waggoner. 3 ch. 



24 Israel, son of Graves (14), b at \Vh 11 Dec, 1788, d 
4 April, 1855, ae 66 yrs, m (i) 30 Jan., 1817, Esther, dau of 
Lemuel and Lydia (Scott) Wells of Wh. b 9 Feb., 1785, d 29 
Jan., 1823: m (2) Clarissa, widow of Asa Scott and dau of 
Elisha and Rhoda (Graves) Wells of Hawley, b at Wh 3 Dec, 
1790, d at Wh 5 Sept., 1858, ae 67 yrs. He lived on the home- 
stead of his father. An honest, upright man. Four ch : 

Infant, b and d 27 Jan. , 1823 ; Xov., 1854, Edward Lvman 

Charles Dwight. b 2 July, 1827; Smith; 

(60) Luther M.. b 15 June. 1832. (61) 
Esther Wells, b 25 July. 1829, m 30 

24 1-2 Justus, son of Graves (14), b at Wh 21 Aug., 1791, 
13 Dec, 1869, m 22 Feb., 1S15, Spiddy, dau of Asa and Mary 
(Belden) Bardwell, b in Wh 19 X'ov.. 1792, d 4 Aug., 1S42. 
He was by trade a potter, res in Wh. A pleasant man, and 
loved to joke in some rhyme made up on the spur of the mo- 
ment. Eight ch : 

MaiT, b 25 Jan., 1816. m 9 Feb. 

'1876, Joseph Dmm ; 
Austin, b 9 March. 1818; (62) 
Graves, b 1820, d soon ; 
Infant, b 1822, dsoon; 
Graves, b 4 April, 1823 ; (63) 



Lucia Ann, b 2 April, 1826, m 11 
Dec, 1859, Frank Rice: 

Eunice, b 13 Xov.. 1830. m 13 Nov., 
1861. Justus Smith ; 

John Wesley, b 14 March, 1836. d 
soon. 



25 Justin, son of Graves (14), b at Wh 21 Jan., 1791. d 
in 1850, while crossing the plains to California, m April, 1820, 
Catherine, dau of Jonathan and Lydia (Wright) Cressy of 
Chesterfield, N. H , b 19 xApril, 1788, d 14 Sept., 1844. ' He 
rem early to Berlin, Vt., and later to Sycamore, DeKalb countv, 
111. No ch. 

26 Gad, son of Graves (14), b in Wh 17 Feb., 1794, d 11 
Aug., 1864, ae 70 yrs, m i May, 1828, Electa, dau of Oliver and 
Abigail Graves of Wh, b 24 Jan.. 1799, d 10 Dec, 1S85, ae 87 
yrs, resin Wh. A carpenter and farmer ; a genial, kind-hearted 
man, always ready to lend the helping hand. Sixch, b in Wh : 



Luman Spencer, b 28 May, 1829 : 

(64) 
Chester Graves, b 19 Sept., 1831; 

(65) 
Sylvanus, b 17 April, 1833 ; (66) 



Almeron, b 16 Aug., 1835: (67) 
Freeman Atkins, b 12 Oct., 1838; 

(68) 
Thomas, b 16 Aug., 1840. 



CRAFTS. 426 

27 Eli, son of Graves (14), b in Wh 13 Nov., 1799, d at 
Wh 22 May, 1S71, ae 70 yrs, m 29 Oct., 1S29, Louisa, dau of 
Isaac and Lucretia (Bacon) Marsh of Dfld, b in Wh 23 Aug., 
1S05, d 25 Jan., 1S64. ae 58 yrs, after a long and distressing ill- 
ness of rheumatism : a noble-hearted woman. He was for many 
years the sexton and undertaker in Wh ; by trade a carpenter. 
A genial, pleasant man. Four ch : 

Infant, b 21 June. 1831. d same dav; Leander Francis, b 21 Nov., 1834; 
Sarah Allis. b 7 Aug.. 1832, m 26 (69) 

Jan., 1870. Luther Townseud ; Ruth Scott, b 1 March, 1838, m 31 

March, 18.o7, James A. Elder. 

2S Silas, son of Graves (14), b in Wh 24 Jan., 1807, d i 
Oct., 1879, m 30 April. 1S46, Abigail, dau of John and Anna 
(Chamberlain) Elder, b 27 Sept., 1817, d in Wh 1890. A 
farmer, res in Wh. Three ch : 

Twins, b 20 Dec. 1840, both d m a Clarence Elder, b 30 Dec, 1858. (70) 
few days ; 

29 Dexter, son of Seth (15), b in Wh 19 May, 1796, d 
15 May, 1861, ae 65 yrs, for* many years a prominent man in his 
native town. He and his brother Noah occupied the old home- 
stead where their grandfather settled in 1751. Their farming 
interests were extensive. He held many offices of honor and 
trust and was often called upon to act in arbitrations. A man 
of sound judgment and held in high esteem. Never married. 

30 Noah, son of Seth (15), b in Wh 28 Sept., 1800, d 28 
Oct.. 1878, ae 78 vrs, m 3 Jan., 1839, Nancy, dau of Calvin and 
Thankful (Crafts) Wells of Wh, b 6 May, 1S09, d 8 Nov., 1891, 
ae 82 yrs. He with his brother Dexter carried on extensive 
farming operations, prob owning more land than any other 
farmer in Wh. A man of kindly instincts ; a member of the 
Congregational church. Three ch, b in Wh : 

Ellen P., b 5 May, 1839. m 27 AprU. 2 Sept. 1866, ae 27 yrs; 

1859, William, son of Edmond Seth Brockway, b 28 Aug.. 1840; (71) 

Hubbard, of Windsor, Mass.. Diana Maiy, b 8 June, 1842, d unm 
res at South Dfld, where she d 20 June, 1877. 

31 Cotton, son of Reuben (16), b in Wh 27 July, 1788, d 
29 May, 1843, ae 55 yrs. m 23 Dec, 1819, Sarah, dau of Selah 
and Mar>' (Dickinson) Scott of Wh, b 29 Sept., 1791, d 27 July, 
1883, ae 91 yrs. She was blind for the last six or eight years of 
her life. An excellent wife and mother. He was a farmer, of 
stalwart build, possessing rare strength and agility. Four ch, b 
in Wh : 

George Washington, b 2 June, 1821 ; Amanda MaMna, b 18 ^March, 1826, 
(72) m 1 Jan., 1856, Daniel Dick- 

Henrv Clinton, b 20 Nov., 1823, d 24 inson ; 

May 1831 ; Asa Jackson, b 30 Aug.. 1829. (73) 

32 Erastus, son of Reuben (16), b in Wh 3 March, 1791, 
d 27 April, 1881, in his 91st year, m (1) 22 Nov., 1814, Claar- 
lotte, dau of Selah and Mar}' (Dickinson) Scott, b 22 April, 



home. Eight ch : 


«^V-.V.A. 


Charlotte, b Aug.. 1815, 


d 10 


1815: 




Reuben, b 30 Dee., 1818: 


(74) 


Alonzo. b 17 Mav, 1821: 


(75) 


Walter, b 16 Aug.. 1823: 


(76) 


Rodolphus. b 22 Sept.. 


1825, 


June, 1831 ; 





427 CRAFTS. 

1786, d 25 Sept., 1S15, ae 29 yrs ; m (2) 4 Nov., 1817, Marion, 
dau of Samuel and Miriam (Stratton) Lamson of Western, now 
Warren, where she was b 15 April. 1791, d i April. 1872, ae 81 
yrs. A true-hearted, noble woman. He was of a genial, jovial 
turn of mind, had an excellent memon,- and rendered valuable 
assistance in collecting much of historic value to the town : a 
strong man, a great lover of fox and coon hunting. On his 
ninetieth birthday he visited his granddaughter, Lizzie C. Crafts, 
and ate dinner with his great-grandchild. Cora L. Crafts, walk- 
ing a mile for that purpose ; told many stories and sang several 
old-time songs, then declining to ride he walked a mile to his 

Oct., Louisa, b 9 Aug., 1827. m 6 Nov.. 
1851. Joseph Porter of Green- 
field: 
Fidelia, b 5 May. 1831. m 25 Dec. 
1863. Prof. Dodge Ha\-ward. who 
d 15 d 25 .July. 1875. She"d 13 Aug.. 

1878; 
Rodolphus, b 28 June, 18