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ASTOR, le:nox ■ 


JAMES R. TABER, Historian 


By Jame^ R. Taber 

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19 16 

a'Sto:-:, Lfe^c.' 


R -.917 




To the Reader: 

You may ask why I write these his- 
torical notes of Unity. I will ansWer that inquiry 
briefly. First, I have been asked to do so by many of 
my townsmen, interested like myself in the records of 
the past; second, research into historical matters has 
always afforded me great enjoyment. For many years 
I have been in the habit of noting everything of an 
historical nature relating to Unity or her people, with 
the hope. that at some time I might gather my notes 
into some useful form for my fellow citizens, which 
I have now attempted to do. My great regret is that 
I had not commenced before those who were con- 
versant with the towiu's early history had passed away. 

To the casual observer, the collecting of these brief 
notes may seem a simple task, but I find that all those 
who have undertaken a similar work tell a different 
story. It is evident that but little care was given our 
early records, as we find them in bad condition, many 
entirely missing. I have spent much time in looking 
over what we have, and in searching the records of 
Massachusetts prior to 1820. It has been difficult to 
trace the ownership of the different farms back to their 
first owners. Often there have been conflicting state- 
ments, which has rendered it impossible to give a 
correct version. I Wish to say that if errors or omis- 
sions occur, the absence of the requisite information 
must be my apology. I intend to leave blank pages 
at the back of the book, where any error may be re- 
corded for the benefit of the future historian. 

To the "Brief History of Unity," published in 1892 
by our worthy townsman, the late Edmund Murch, I 
am indebted for many notes of interest. I wish also 
to thank the many friends who have assisted me in 
compiling these statistics and to express at this time 
to the citizens of Unity my appreciation of the loyal 
support they have given me during the many years 
that I have lived and worked among them. 

James R. Taber. 

' History of Unity, Maine 

The town of Unity, Waldo County, Maine, is situ- 
ated twenty-five miles northwest of Belfast, on the 
Belfast branch of the Maine Central Railroad. The 
town was a part of the Plymouth Grant. It was in- 
corporated June 22, 1804, the one hundred fifty-third 
town, and was called Unity because of "Unison in 
Political Sentiment." The boundaries are as follows : 
Beginning at the northerly corner of the Waldo Patent, 
thence running westerly on the fourthly line of town- 
ship number four, one hundred and sixty rods ; thence 
west northwest five miles; thence four-fourths west 
six miles ; thence east fourth east to the Waldo Patent 
line thence on said line to the first mentioned bounds, 
containing about 21,000 acres. [Taken from the 
Massachusetts records.l 

Population in 1799— 264. 

Population in 1850—1557. 

Population in 1860—1320. 

Population in 1870—1201. 

Population in 1880—1092. 

Population in 1890— 922. 

Population in 1900— 877. 

Population in 1910 — 899. 


The town Was first settled by two men by the names 
of Carter and Ware. According to Surveyor Hayden, 
it was then called "Twenty-five Mile Pond Plantation," 
it being that distance from the junction of the Sebasti- 
cook and Kennebec rivers, known as Fort Halifax, to 
the twenty-five mile pond, now^ called Lake Winnecook. 

This was before the French and Indian war com- 
menced. When hostilities broke out, the settlers were 

6 History of Unity, Maine 

obliged to flee for fear of the Indians, moving their 
families to the fort at Winslow. After the close of the 
war, Thaddeus Carter returned, and with him a man 
by the name of Philbrook. They settled upon land 
now owned by Clarence Brown on the west side of 
Sandy Stream, near the Outlet Bridge. Mr, Carter 
had two sons, Bunker and Joseph. One of the Carter 
girls married Samuel Philbrook. 

In 1782, Stephen Chase came from Durham, Maine, 
and settled on the shore of the pond. His wife's name 
before marriage was Hannah Blethen. She was from 
Durham, Maine. They belonged to the Society of 
Friends. The ruins of the old cellar may be plainly 
seen today on the farm now owned by F. A. Whitten. 
Mr. Chase built the first frame house in Unity. He 
died at the age of eighty years. Mrs. Chase was one 
hundred and six years old at the time of her death. 
Their resting place is marked by a Welsh slate tablet 
in the Chase lot in Lakeside Cemetery. 

A few years after Mr. Chase's settlement, we find 
in Hayden's field notes this note : "Upon the stream 
leading from Unity pond to the Sebasticook river, I 
found a man by the name of Mitchell building a mill 
on what I called a very good privilege." 

In 1788, Mr. Henry Farwell moved from Chester, 
N. H., and settled on the farm afterward owned by a 
Mr. Ordway, later by Jacob Truworthy, opposite Mr. 
Frank Mussey's. He then moved to the farm later 
owned by the late Hon. Joseph Farwell, where he and 
a Mr. Pettie built a grist mill, and the place became 
known as Farwell's Mills. 

In 1792, Mr. Clement RackliflF moved from Liming- 
ton, Maine. He came with an ox-team and cleared the 
farm afterward owned by William Taber, Elisha 
Mosher, E. A. Hussey and Duncan Jones. 

History of Unity, Maine 7 

In 1792, Aaron Kelley came from Boothbay to 
Unity. He Was a Revolutionary soldier, having served 
under General Wadsworth. He walked through the 
forest with his family and chose his place of settle- 
ment about two and one-half miles south of where the 
village now is, on the Bangor and Augusta road, at 
the southeast corner, where the Belfast road crosses, 
where he built a log house and planted an orchard. 
f His wife Was Mary Canady, and they had the following 
five children: Mary, married Cummings and lived in 
Jonesport ; Jane, never married ; Hannah, married John 
Smith and lived in Knox; Eleazar, went to sea and 
never returned; and Samuel lived in Unity. Samuel, 
the youngest son, was bom in Boothbay, and was 
twelve years of age when the family came to Unity. 
In the war of 1812, he served with the Unity quota. 
He succeeded his father in title to the land and built 
a fine stand of buildings, with two large barns and a 
lumber camp, where he made oars for the United States 
navy. He married Sarah Vickery, daughter of David 
Vickery, also a Revolutionary soldier, and they had 
twelve children. 

In 1794, Mr. Simeon Murch came from Gorham, 
Maine. He and his wife came over one hundred miles 
on horseback and settled the place now owned by Eph- 
raim Jones. 

In 1795, Mr. John Melvin came from Manchester, 
N. H., and settled the place now owned by J. Arthur 
Thompson. Mr. James Packard lived just east of Mr. 
Thompson's, at the comer where the road leads to the 
Clifford place. This road was laid out by the town, 
two rods wide. 

In 1796, Mr. Joseph Woods came from Standish, 
Maine, and settled on the farm sold by Wesley F. 
Woods to William Walton. Joseph Woods died at the 

8 History of Unity, Maine 

age of 93, his wife at 89. They lived together for 73 

In 1800, Mr. John Perley moved from Winchenden, 
Mass., and cleared the farm now owned by William 
Taber Stevens. He then bought from Charles Bick- 
more the farm now owned by Roscoe J. Perley. 

In 1802, Mr. William McGray moved from Durham, 
Maine, and settled the farm now owned by George 
Webb. His last days were passed on the farm of his 
son, William, now owned by Harry Waning. He died 
at the age of 84 years. 

In 1802, three brothers, Frederick, John and Na- 
thaniel Stevens, came from Gorham, Maine, and cleared 
the place owned by the late Chandler Stevens, now 
owned by Frank L. Chase, and the land north to the 
Bacon brook. 

In 1803, Mark Libby came from Gorham, Maine, 
and settled on what is called the McKenny place, now 
owned by A. J. Harding, but moved to the place now 
owned by his grandson, Mr. Nathan P. Libby. He 
died at the age of 84. 

In 1807, Mr. Robert Carll came from Lyman, Maine. 
At this time Mr. Carll said there were but two frame 
houses in Unity. 

In 1810, Mr. Richard Cornforth came from Read- 
field, Maine. He settled at Farwell's Mills, on the farm 
now owned by the heirs of the late Otis Cornforth. 

In 1842, Mr. Nathaniel Rice came from Hartford, 
Maine. His house stood just west of the residence of 
Mrs. Chas. Taylor. It was moved from there onto the 
Waterville road, and is now owned by Walter Bacon. 

Mr. David Vickery came from Standish, Maine, and 
cleared the farm of the late Edwin Rand. He mar- 
ried Lydia Bartlett. They had a family of eight sons 
and three daughters. 

History of Unity, Maine 9 

Rufus Burnham, M. D., came from Scarborough, 
Maine. He lived at first with the family of John 
Chase, in the brick house near the station. Afterward 
he built and lived in the main part of the house where 
J. R. Taber now lives. 

Gibbs Tilton came from Chillmark, Martha's Vine- 
yard, Mass., and lived where S. A. Myrick now lives. 

Ephraim Hunt came from Gorham, Maine, and set- 
tled where James 0. Pillsbury now lives. 

Isaac Myrick came from Gorham, Maine, and set- 
tled the F. H. Hunt place. He also owned what is now 
known as Windemere Park. 

Col. James Connor came from Gardiner, Maine, 
and settled on the place now owned by his grandchil- 
dren. He married Mary Whitmore, daughter of Dan- 
iel Whitmore. 

Archelaus Hunt came from Gorham, Maine, and 
settled near the E. T. Reynolds place. His father was 
a Revolutionary soldier and fought at Bunker Hill. 

Daniel Whitmore came from Gorham, Maine. 

Alexander Boothby, M. D., was born in Limington, 
Maine. He married Eliza A. Grant and lived on the 
place now owned by Miss Ruth Berry. 

Chandler Hopkins came from Standish, Maine, and 
settled where George Murch now lives. 

Amos Jones came from Lunenburg, Mass., and set- 
tled the farm now owned by Seth W. Mills. 

Frederick Stevens was born m Gorham, Maine, in 
1779, was elected to the General Court, Boston, Mass., 
in 1809, and died in Unity, Maine, June, 1839, aged 
62 years. 

This is the record of the early settlers of our town, 
and here for the most part the record ceases, but with 
our mind's eye we can see these men, the pioneers of 

10 History of Unity, Maine 

our town, strong, brave, sturdy men with brain and 
brawn and a sense of power and mastery over nature 
almost unknown now, in the pampered civilization of 
the present. These forefathers of ours here on the 
edge of our lake and on the banks of our stream toiled 
to fill the primitive needs of man. With an indomit- 
able belief in their power to conquer, they fought with 
wind and snow and merciless cold. They felled trees 
for fire and shelter; they made the Waters yield their 
toll of food ; they dug the soil and built mills to grind 
their corn. Later they sought places for a real settle- 
ment, cleared the land, built roads, bridged streams, 
and put up their homes. They laid the foundation for 
our modern civilization ; they made our way easy. We 
should honor them when we can with a thought of 

An account of life in those early days, interesting 
in the extreme, has been put into my hands by Mr. 
Reuben Murch. Mr. Murch, son of Josiah Murch, was 
bom on the farm now owned by E. M. Jones, and spent 
his early manhood in this town. 


Hampden Cor., Mar. 2, 1909. 
My Dear Mr. Taber: 

I send you today some facts and incidents relative 
to the early settlers of Unity. They are at your dis^- 
posal. You may use them as you choose, alter, elim- 
inate or add to them to suit your pleasure. I have 
written them in a hurried, offhand manner, without 
time to review and make alterations. 
Sincerely your friend, 

R. W. Murch. 

At the time my grandfather, Simeon Murch, moved 
into Unity, the country was an unbroken forest east 

History of Unity, Maine 11 

of Augusta, so that people were guided by blazed lines 
(spotted trees). The method of moving was unique, 
but neither comfortable nor convenient. As there was 
no road, the only means of travel at hand was on horse- 
back. A strong bedtick was fixed astride the horse's 
back, and the furniture was packed on each side. The 
load was completed by putting father, then one year 
and a half old, on one side, and an older sister on the 
other to balance. Thus they moved from Gorham to 
what is now the town of Unity, grandfather walking 
on one side of the horse and grandmother on the other. 

Upon arriving at their destination, they found a 
small opening and a log house which grandfather had 
I)rovided the year before. Here they began life in the 
wilderness. There were no stores, no shops of any 
description, no mills, nor any of the conveniences of 
modern times. They had not to wait long for food, 
for beans, potatoes and other vegetables could be used 
as soon as grown, but corn before it could be used had 
to be converted into meal, and there being no mill 
nearer than Winslow;, it had to be carried through the 
woods, by spotted trees, to that town, to be ground. 
A. number of neighbors would go together, each taking 
a bushel of corn on his shoulders. They travelled a 
distance of eighteen miles to the mill. They stayed 
in the mill all night and returned the next day with 
the meal, less what two quarts would make, which the 
miller took for toll. 

Game was plentiful, the streams and brooks abound- 
ed with fish, so that all they had to do was to go to the 
stream with hook and line and in a few moments they 
could catch all they needed for their present use. In 
those early times, shad and herring came up the outlet 
to the "twenty-five mile pond." After the Sinclair 
dam was built, I have heard my father say that one 

12 History of Unity, Maine 

could stand on the shore, and, with a sieve, dip up a 
year's supply of herring in a few moments. 

In the clearing of the land in those days, there was 
a great deal of hard work to be done, which required 
a number of men, such as rolling large logs together 
to be burned. In such cases the neighbors used to 
assist each other by changing work. 

One day while a party were at work piling logs, 
they heard a loud and prolonged squealing. It was 
evident that there was trouble among the hogs, so they 
started for the point from which the noise came, and 
saw a bear carrying off a hog. They gave chase and 
got so close upon the bear that he dropped the hog, 
made for the woods and escaped. They saved the hog, 
but it was so mutilated it had to be killed. 

The first carriage that passed through Unity was 
a queer contrivance. It consisted of two spruce poles 
fastened together at a convenient distance apart. It 
was drawn by a bull fastened between the small ends 
of the poles, the large ends dragging on the ground. 
On these poles was fastened a large box suitable for 
what was to be transported. This was an improve- 
ment on the horseback method. This car was driven 
by Thomas Fowler. 

We have but little conception of the struggles and 
hardships the pioneers had to endure. They could not, 
as now, go into a store and purchase clothing and foot- 
wear. In fact, these things were all home-made, ex- 
cept boots and shoes. One pair of the latter had to do 
service for a number of people. My father told me 
that at one time there was only one pair of shoes in 
the neighborhood. Children had to go barefoot the 
year around, except for the covering the mother could 
furnish by knitting and old clothes. 

History of Unity, Maine 13 

Nowadays every family has its supply of wood on 
hand ; then it was supplied from day to day, as needed. 
Trees were twitched to the dooryard when not too 
large, but large trees were hauled in sections and cut 
for use from day to day. In winter it was sometimes 
pretty cold for boys who had no shoes to protect their 
feet from the snow while preparing wood for the fire- 
place. In order to avoid standing barefoot on the 
snow, a large chip was heated and carried out to stand 
upon until it became cold, when it was reheated. This 
method was adopted only in cases of emergency. 

The following is from Bunker Carter, who told me 
the story many years ago. He said the first men who 
ever came to what is now Unity to make a settlement 
were Mr. Carter and Mr. Ware. They came up the 
outlet of the pond and landed on the "horseback," did. 
a little work and went back. But the following year, 
Mr. Carter and another man, a Mr. Philbrook, came 
back and made a settlement in the vicinity of the 
"horseback," but I have forgotten the exact locality. 

What I have written of the hardships of my fore- 
fathers is just a type of the struggle of all the pioneers 
of the town. Notwithstanding their hardships, they 
■v\ ere a contented people. The sun shone on their little 
clearings as warmly and as brightly as it ever did on 
the larger clearings of the Wealthy, and the birds sang 
as sweetly as ever they did in the parks of the nobles. 
They looked out on the growing crops covering the 
charcoal stumps of the clearings, with thanksgiving to 
God for what they enjoyed and for the bright prospects 
before them in the results of their promising crops. 
They were happy, happier, I sometimes think, than 
the people who now cultivate the large open fields of 
the lands our forefathers struggled so l^ard to clear. 

14 History of Unity, Maine 


In our next glimpse of the town, the early settlers, 
having overcome the rigors of a new land and cleared 
for themselves sufficient farmlands, are turning their 
attention to civic duties. Below is an account of the 
first meetings of the town's citizens. 

First Plantation Meeting 

To DANIEL WHITMORE, one of the inhabitants of 
Twenty-five Mile Pond Plantation {so-called), 

Greeting : 

Whereas, application has been made to me, the sub- 
scriber, by Stephen Chase and ten other inhabitants 
of said Plantation, requesting that a meeting of the 
inhabitants may be held for choosing such officers as 
the law directs. 

These are, therefore, in the name of the Common- 
wealth of Massachusetts, to wit, required to notify and 
warn a meeting of the inhabitants of said Plantation 
qualified to vote in Plantation meetings to assemble at 
the dwelling house of Lemuel Bartlett of said Planta- 
tion, on Tuesday, the third day of August, 1802, at 
two o'clock afternoon, then and there to choose a mod- 
erator for said meeting. Secondly, to choose a clerk, 
three selectmen, three assessors, a collector, a treas- 
urer, and such other officers as may be deemed neces- 
sary. Hereof, fail not and make returns of this war- 
rant and your doings herein unto Benj. Bartlett, on 
or before the time of said meeting. 

Given under my hand and seal at Augusta, Maine, 

in the County of Kennebec and Commonwealth of 

Massachusetts, this thirtieth (30) of July, in the year 

of our Lord, one thousand eight hundred and two. 

Daniel Coney, 

Justice of the Peace through the Commonwealth. 

History of Unity, Maine 15 

The following officers were chosen: 

Joseph Carter, moderator. 
\Abner Knowles, clerk. 

Lemuel Bartlett, John Perley, Nathan Parkhurst, 
selectmen and overseers of the poor. 

Daniel Whitmore, Frederick Stevens, Benj. Bart- 
lett, assessors. 

Benj. Bartlett, treasurer. 

Benj. Rackliff, constable. 

Isaac Mitchell, collector — at seven cents on the 

At this meeting it was voted to raise "one hundred 
dollars to defray necessary charges for the past year 
and the present, which have or may accrue in the 

The first town meeting was held at the dwelling 
house of Benj. Rackliff, which was at that time called 
a tavern. It was situated west of the house now 
owned by D. E. Loveland, and directly south of the 
place owned by Mr. Rackliff's son, Hosea B. Rackliff, 
who sold the farm to the town for a poor farm. 


Although, as we have seen, the earliest settlements 
were made near the pond and stream, it was not this 
section of the town which was first built up. The next 
settlers pressed on to the south part of the town and 
occupied the land extending from the George Varney 
farm, known then as the Benj. Bartlett place, to C. R. 
Jones' corner, known as the John Rackliff place. This 
was called "The Settlement." Here the store, the 
school, the church sprang up, and one by one, as neces- 
sity demanded, the smaller industries. Here for twen- 
ty-five years nearly all the business of the town was 

16 History of Unity, Maine 

The first schoolhouse in town was built in these 
early days about five rods north of the building now 
known as the Cook Creamery; the second one in this 
district was built about ten rods south of this creamery. 
This is where the writer first went to school. The 
building mentioned as the Cook Creamery was also 
built for a schoolhouse by Edmund Mussey. Nelson 
Dingley, Jr., father of the Dingley Tariff Bill, was at 
one time a teacher there. 

The Friends' Church was built in 1827 by Benj. R. 
Stevens and Clement Rackliff on land purchased from 
Asa Jones. It has been remodeled and the entrance 
changed to the east end. Between the church and the 
large maple tree, still standing, which was planted 
when the church was built. Uncle John Chase, always, 
each Wednesday and Sunday, hitched his horse. After 
his death, Elias Jones used the same place. 

The first town house was built by James Gilkey 
just across the road, a little south of George Murch's 
house. On April 8, 1874, it was sold by auction to 
Thomas B. Cook for thirty-four dollars. Following its 
sale, the town meeting was held in George Clark's barn 
(on the S. P. Larrabee place). It was voted to locate 
the new town house on land purchased from James B. 
Vickery on the wfest side of the road, opposite J. J. 
Varney's house. The vote was taken by forming a 
line in the road, ninety-one in favor, seventy-one 

Mr. Reuben Brackett lived where Chas. S. Cook 
now lives, and there manufactured clocks and oilcloth 
carpets. It was here that the noted painter, Walter 
M. Brackett, was born. 

The first store in town was where George Murch 
now lives. It was owned by Chandler Hopkins, who 
came from Standish, Maine. His ancestors came over 

History of Unity, Maine 17 

in the Mayflower. His partner in business was John 

Joseph Ames lived on the Alonzo Bacon place and 
made hand rakes. Robert Jackson lived there at one 
time and was town clerk. 

Doctor Abner Knowles lived east of the Bacon place, 
nearly opposite the watering trough. He was town 
clerk for twenty-six years, from 1803 to 1829. 


About 1810, people began to settle in what was then 
called "Antioch," now the village. Mr. Stephen Chase, 
as I have said before, built the first framed house, also 
the first framed barn. The second was built on the 
farm of the Hon. Crosby Fowler. 

The brick house on the Chase place, now owned by 
F. A. Whitten, was built by Stephen Chase's son, Judge 
Hezekiah Chase, in 1826. The brick was made by Levi 

A little later the brick house in front of the church 
was built by Lemuel Bartlett. It was long owned by 
the late Benj. Fogg and is now in the possession of 
Mrs. J. W. Harmon. The carpenter was a Mr. Berry 
from Rockland. 

Rufus Burnham, M. D., in 1827 built the main 
house where James R. Taber now lives. 

Elijah Winslow built the house now owned by J. A. 
Adams in 1842. Henry Kelley did the masonry. 

I have no data concerning the building of the other 
older houses. 


The first schoolhouse in the village was built be- 
yond Chas. J. Bartlett's barn, toward the cemetery. 
It was later moved near the Chas. E. Stevens place, 

18 History of Unity, Maine 

thence by Gorham Hamilton to the Damon place, thence 
across the street to the land of the late Benj. Fogg. 
It passed through several hands and was later bought 
by H. H. Grant and torn down. 

This building was followed by a white schoolhouse, 
upon land purchased from Daniel Whitmore. That 
was burned and a brick one was erected upon the same 
lot. This in time was also consumed by fire. A two- 
story building was built upon the same site. This was 
afterward sold to Eli E. York, who later sold it to the 
Masonic Fraternity, Star in the West Lodge, No. 85. 
It has been enlarged and remodeled into the present 
fine hall. 

In 1898 the town purchased one acre of land from 
James R. Taber for $125.00 and built the present 
school building. The basement was built by Mr. Jo- 
seph Brown of Benton Station, costing $428.92. The 
house was built by Joseph Sawyer of Fairfield at a 
cost of $2195.00. The building committee consisted 
of J. R. Taber, L. H. Mosher and N. C. Knight, the 
plan being drawn by J. R. Taber. 

In the sixties there were thirteen schoolhouses in 
town, to wit: 

1. District number one building, where the Cook 
Creamery stands. 

2. Village building. 

3. Mill district building. School now discon- 
tinued, and the scholars conveyed to the village. 

4. Schoolhouse in the Parkhurst district, which 
was torn down. 

5. Building in the Fowler district, which was 
burned. The two districts were then consolidated and 
a new house built. The house and lot cost $420.50. 
The builder was Edgar Harding. 

History of Unity, Maine 19 

6. The Woods house, which was repaired and 

7. The Ayer house, wliich was discontinued. 

8. The Clark house, which was burned. The 
scholars in these districts are conveyed to the nearest 

9. Worth house, originally built by Elisha Mosh- 
er, which was repaired at a cost of $311.70. The first 
teacher was Alonzo Roberts of Brooks. 

10. Farwell's Corner school. The first building 
was sold and moved to a location near the Hussey 
bridge. The present building has been repaired and 

11. The Crosby house. 

12. The Adams house. The two latter buildings 
have been torn down and the children are conveyed to 
the village school. 

13. The Reynolds house, which was sold to Eu- 
gene Reynolds. The scholars are conveyed to the 

At this date there are four houses occupied outside 
of the village. Here a standard high school is main- 
tained for scholars from all parts of the town. There 
are also primary, intermediate and grammar schools 
in the same building. 


The first church built in Unity was a Methodist 
church, built in 1826 in the south part of the town, 
near the home of the late Peter W. Ayer. It was built 
by Benj. Ayer and others. Benj. Ayer settled on the 
P. W. Ayer place afterward, and died on the Thos. 
Ayer place. I have the information from his grand- 
son, Joseph Ayer. 

20 History of Unity, Maine 

The next church was the Friends' church, built, as 
stated above, in 1827. Benj. R. Stevens and Clement 
Rackliff were the builders. 

In 1837 the Congregationalists built a church on 
the northeast corner of land belonging to Josiah Murch, 
adjoining the land of B. B. Stevens. The Murch farm 
is now owned by E. M. Jones. This church was built 
by Ephraim Murch, Elisha Parkhurst, David Vickery 
and Jonathan Stone. The ministry was largely sup- 
ported by contributions from the village, and it result- 
ed in moving the building to the village. The princi- 
pal contributors from the village were Thomas Snell, 
John L. Seavy, Hiram Whitehouse and Nelson Dingley. 
It was through the influence of these men that the 
move to the village was made. The building was 
placed near Dr. E. M. Soule's residence. The steeple 
was put in place by Edwin S. Stevens, Chas. E. Taber,> 
Howard Carter and Archelaus Hunt. After services 
were suspended in it, it was sold to Albert F. Watson. 
Asa Stevens, his administrator, sold it to Thomas B. 
Cook, who took it down, moved it to the station, and 
made it into a store. He then sold it to S. S. & R. M. 
Berry, who carried on a grain business and dealt in 
potatoes. They rented it to William Rand. It was 
burned later. 


Union church w^s built in the village in 1840-41. 
It was built by Hale Parkhurst, Rufus Burnham, M. 
D., and Samuel Kelley, for the Universalist Society. 
Failing to receive the necessary support, it was sold 
by them to whomsoever wished to own a pew, regard- 
less of the religious society to which they belonged; 
neither did it matter if they did not belong to any. 
The name was changed to Union church. The steeple 
was put in place by Jacob Taber, Jefferson Bartlett, 

History of Unity, Maine 21 

Hezekiah Rackliff and Noah Linscott. In the sixties 
it was repaired and a bell purchased. Nelson Dingley, 
Jr., presented the present pulpit, Sprague and James 
Adams of Bangor the chandelier. Within a few years 
the building has been shingled and a weather vane has 
been placed upon the spire. It has been painted inside 
and out, a furnace has been placed in the basement, 
seats furnished with new cushions, floors carpeted, and 
several memorial windows added. These improve- 
ments have largely been accomplished by the efforts 
of the Ladies' Aid Society, to whom the credit should 
be given. 

Unity, Me., Oct. 5, 1900. 
To Paul F. Foss, a Justice of the Peace in and for the 
County of Waldo, State of Maine: 

The undersigned, who are all of lawful age 
and owners of pews in Union church, in Unity village, 
being desirous of calling a legal meeting of said own- 
ers, in accordance with the provisions of the Revised 
Statutes, Chap. 12, Sec. 34, request you to issue your 
warrant to one of them, directing him to notify the 
other applicants to meet at some proper place, to be 
expressed in said warrant, on the 27th day of October, 
1900, for the purpose of reorganizing said Union 
church, by choosing a clerk and other needful parish 
officers, and performing any business that may lawfully 
come before said meeting. 

Signed by Charles Taylor, H. B. Rice, J. R. Taber, 
C. E. Mitchell, A. R. Myrick, W. H. Rolfe, and J. E, 
Cook, M. D. 

State of Maine, Waldo Co., S.S. L.S. 

W. H. ROLFE, Greeting : 

Persuant to the foregoing application, you are here- 
by directed in the name of the State of Maine to notify 

22 History of Unity, Maine 

the persons whose names appear thereon as applicants 
to meet at the said Union church in Unity, in said 
county of Waldo, on the 27th day of October, A. D. 
1900, at ten o'clock in the forenoon, for the purpose 
mentioned, made a part of this warrant, on the outer 
door of said Union church, and in the postoffice in said 
Unity, and to publish in some newspaper published in 
said county of Waldo, three weeks at least before said 
meeting. Hereof, fail not and make your return of 
your doing thereon. Given under my hand and seal 
this 5th day of October, 1900. 

Paul F. Foss, Justice of the Peace. 

I certify that the foregoing is a true copy of appli- 
cation, warrant, and notice of said meeting is hereby 
given. W. H. Rolfe. 

Waldo, ss. Personally appeared the above named 
W. H. Rolfe and made oath to the above certificate by 
me made. Paul F. Foss, Justice of the Peace. 

Pursuant to the said warrant, said applicants met 
at time and place and proceeded to elect officers. 
Elected James R. Taber, president; Andrew R. My- 
rick, clerk; James R. Taber, Charles Taylor, William 
H. Rolfe, Charles Parsons and Jesse E. Cook, M. D., 
trustees; said trustees to act as custodians of said 
church. Voted to add two more trustees to the above 
board; elected John M. Thompson and Andrew R. 

Voted to elect a committee to draw and make a 
code of by-laws suitable to govern said organization; 
elected W. H. Rolfe and J. R. Taber -as said committee. 
Voted that the above chosen officers serve in their 
respective places until new ones are chosen to fill their 

History of Unity, Maine 23 

Voted that the president and clerk be appointed 
to grant permission to whom they may think proper 
persons or parties to occupy said church. 

Voted to adjourn. A. R. Myrick, Clerk. 

March 20th, 1904. Meeting called to order by the 
president. Voted to choose a select committee of 
ladies and gentlemen on repairs; elected Mrs. E. D. 
Chase, Mrs. C. E. Mitchell, Mrs. Willis Giles, Mrs. 
Charles Taylor, Mrs. Fannie Bartlett, Mrs. Fred A. 
Whitten, Henry A. Bacon, E. S. Stevens and F, A. 
Whitten, who shall spend the money on repairs as 
they think best. Voted to construct steps at the out- 
side doors instead of a platform. Voted to adjourn 
subject to call. A. R. Myrick, Clerk. 

May 4th, 1912. Met according to call. A. R. 
Myrick not being present, E. D. Chase was elected 
clerk and treasurer. Adjourned. 

E. D. Chase, Clerk. 

At a meeting called in 1915, no quorum appeared. 


This property was purchased from Nelson Ding- 
ley, senior, by members of the Methodist church for 
six hundred dollars. A. M. Green of Troy, father of 
the late Lyman Green, gave two hundred dollars. 
Elijah Ware, Luther Mitchell, Josiah Harmon, Steph- 
en, Harrison and John Chase, Col. Seth Thompson and 
others gave liberally. 

The house was built by Hiram Whitehouse and 
sold by him to Nelson Dingley. It was here that 
Frank L. Dingley, present editor of the Lewiston 
Journal, was born. Within recent years this building 
has been enlarged and put into good condition, for 
w^hich credit should be given the Ladies' Aid. 

24 History of Unity, Maine 


April 30th, 1821. At a town meeting held this 
day, the following report on cemeteries was made: 

Gentlemen : The committee appointed by the town 
at their last meeting, to provide one or more suitable 
places for graveyards, having attended to the duty 
assigned them, report: 

That Lemuel Bartlett and Hezekiah Chase will 
make a donation and deed of gift to the town of one- 
half acre of ground where they and others have in- 
terred on their land, and Amos Jones will sell for 
fifteen dollars per acre any quantity for the above use 
where the burying ground now is, near his house 
(now called the Farwell yard), and Daniel Whitmore 
will also convey by deed to the town one-half acre of 
his field near the liberty pole for seventeen dollars. 

Respectively submitted, Isaac Adams, Joseph 
Stevens, Jacob Truworthy, committee. 

We have been told that the militia used to train in 
Mr. Whitmore's field, now owned by H. B, Rice, which 
accounts for reference to the flag pole. Saturday 
afternoon before starting for California, Lawyer Wm. 
Weeks set out the elm trees on the west side of the 
Whitmore yard. He said it was for him to be remem- 
bered by. 


This yard was from Thomas Fowler, father of the 
late Hon. Crosby Fowler. 


The Friends' burial ground was purchased from 
Asa Jones in 1828. In this yard, Sarah Pattie, aged 
97 years, was buried. A small slate stone marked 

History of Unity, Maine 25 

S. P. was placed at her grave by James H. Cook. This 
was the first stone set in this yard. She was a sister 
of James Mitchell's mother. 

The towns of Unity and Freedom own a yard to- 
gether near the residence of the late P. W. Ayer. The 
town also owns a small yard on the Freedom road near 
Unity's south line. 


This cemetery is located on a section of land some- 
what withdrawn from the village, and overlooking 
Lake Windemere. The old section of the yard is that 
which was originally donated to the town by Lemuel 
Bartlett and Hezekiah Chase. In this yard are two 
slate stones of interest. That of Stephen Chase has 
been set 95 years; that of his wife, Hannah, 71 years. 
Additions to this yard have been made on the east and 
west sides. On the opposite side of the street a sec- 
tion of land has been- purchased from F. A. Whitten 
for burial purposes. 


The first mill of which I find any record was built 
by John Mitchell in 1782, just above the Moulton 
Mills. It was a rude affair, the water being conduct- 
ed through a hollow log onto an overshot wheel. Mr. 
Mitchell lived on the lot now owned by Archie Tozier, 
near the Moulton Mill. 

Henry Farwell built a sawmill about one-half mile 
from the junction of the Half Moon and Sandy 
Streams, on the latter, which he afterwards sold to 
Benj. R. Stevens. Pettie & Farwell built a grist mill 
at the junction of the above named streams, then sold 
it to Benj. R. Stevens, who sold it to his son, Benj. 
Stevens. He sold to his brother, Otis F. Stevens, he 

26 History of Unity, Maine 

to his brother, Joseph Stevens, his heirs to Joseph 
Farwell. John Stewart heired it from Joseph Far- 
well and sold it to the Pendletons. 

In 1810, Richard Cornforth built at Farwell's Mills 
a wool carding and cloth mill, said to be the first in 
the state. The machinery came from England. Mr. 
Cornforth sold to Benj. Nickerson and Hall Scribner, 
they to Abner Young, he to Benj. Stevens, he to his 
brother, Otis F. Stevens, he to his brother, Joseph 
Stevens, his heirs to Joseph Farwell. 

In 1831, a Mr. Pingrey of Salem, Mass., erected a 
large tannery at the village. Mr. Joseph Larrabee 
superintended the building, and Thomas Snell took 
charge of the business. His office and store were in 
the first story of the building now owned by Frank 
Fairbanks. Mr. Southwick of Vassalboro became the 
owner. For several years it was a prosperous venture. 
In time, the supply of bark failing, the business was 
abandoned, the buildings soon became valueless, and 
A\ere consumed by fire in the late 50's. 

Col. James Conner and Lemuel Bartlett built the 
grist mill at the village in 1840. Later, Bartlett sold 
his interest to Conner. Mr. Conner built a mill on 
the west side of the grist mill for threshing grain, 
which was taken down in a few years. Mr. Chase 
built a carding mill on the north end of the dam, 
which was swept away in a freshet. 


About seventy-five years ago, Thomas B. Hussey 
built a small mill for sawing short lumber, also a 
foundry on the Sandy Stream, near Walter Hurd's 
farm, and manufactured plows, stoves, and many farm 

History of Unity, Maine 27 


Isaac Mitchell built a gristmill and sawmill near 
Silas W. Bither's place, known as Mitchell's Mills. He 
also built the house where Mr. Either lives. 

Jefferson Sinclair built a fine grist and sawmill 
where the Moulton Mills now stand. Weeks & Ames 
were the carpenters. It was afterward owned by 
Samuel Hall. It was burned, rebuilt, and afterward 
owned by Eben F. Thompson and O. J. Whitten. The 
present mill was built by W. H. J. Moulton & Sons. 

Levi Bacon built a sawmill on the Bacon brook, 
which was carried away. He built another, and at 
different times had four brickyards. James Banks 
had a tannery on this brook, which he sold to Mr. 


Bartlett & Chase bought from Mathew Pendleton 
a small mill at the station, which they enlarged, fitting 
i(; up with steam and installing up-to-date machinery. 
This mill is used for sawing lumber, spool bars a 


Charles E. Stevens, Ira P. Libby and Melzor Stev- 
ens built the steam mill opposite Frank Kelley's, in 
1911. It is now owned by Ira P. Libby. 


F. M. Fairbanks built his mill in 1911. This was 
burned. He rebuilt near the site of the Snell tannery. 
He now uses electric power. 

28 History of Unity, Maine 


John Woods built his gasoline mill in 1914, upon 
land purchased from J. R. Taber. He also uses 


Ira Trafton built a sawmill on the spot where John 
Shirley's sawmill stood, directly south from E. B. 
Hunt's residence. This was burned. 


Amaziah T. Woods had a small mill on the Mc- 
Kenney brook, afterwards taken down. 


Duncan M. Jones built a sawmill on his place in 
1915. This farm was originally settled by Clement 
Rackliff, who sold to William Taber. Mr. Jones pur- 
chased from E. A. Hussey. 


Elijah Tozier built a mill on the Fowler brook, 
afterwards owned by different parties. 


In 1915 this firm built a mill for getting out lum- 
ber for making boxes. 


In early times, Samuel G. Otis owned a carriage 
shop situated in front of the residence of G. T. Whit- 
aker, and there manufactured carriages. The build- 
ing is now used for a barn on the J. L. Ames place. 
Mr. Otis' blacksmith shop stood a little to the south, 
near the burial ground. 

History of Unity, Maine 29 

Thomas Chandler made furniture at one time in 
what is now Guy Morse's stable. 

James Myrick owned the N. C. Knights tinshop, 
and made boots and shoes. The original shop, a one- 
story building about half the size of the present, was 
moved from the road in front of L. P. Foster's, leading 
to the poor farm. 

At different times, R. B. Stone, Nathaniel Rice, 
Benj. Fogg, Bryant and Ames Moore, Otis and Daniel 
Starkey, Joseph Small and John Chase were engaged 
in the making of boots and shoes. Mr. Chase induced 
Mr. Woodsum to come here to manufacture morocco 

George E. Linkfield and Stephen Dyer purchased 
from Henry Kelley the store that stood where the 
Taber store now stands, and there manufactured straw 
goods. Mrs. Linkfield carried on a millinery business. 
Mr. Dyer sold to Mr. Linkfield, who later sold the 
store and millinery business to James R. Taber. 

The Unity cheese factory was built in 1874, upon 
ground now occupied by the Portland Packing Com- 
pany. It did business but a short time, when it passed 
into the hands of James R. Taber, who sold the ma- 
chinery for use in a cheese factory in Aroostook 
county. The building was sold to Russell Reynolds, 
who built the house now owned by Leon Bagley out 
of the lumber taken from it. 

The Portland Packing Company built the corn 
factory in 1887. W. H. Rolfe was foreman for several 
years. He was succeeded by Albert Bacon. The 
Unity Canning Company sold their plant to the Port- 
land Packing Company. 

The Crystal Spring Creamery was built in 1891, 
on land purchased from F. A. Bartlett. The property 

80 History of Unity, Maine 

passed into the hands of the Hon. Joseph Farwell. 
Charles Smith of Newport was manager. It was pur- 
chased from the heirs of Mr. Farwell by H. P. Hood 
& Sons, who have built additions and greatly improved 
it. R. F. Jaynes was manager for some time and was 
succeeded by E. G. Roberts. 

In 1895, Chas. S. Cook fitted up the unused school- 
house of District one, and there for some years carried 
on the creamery business. 

In 1908 the Turner Center Creamery was built 
on the E. K. Adams property. It was destroyed by 
fire, but in the fall of 1900 was rebuilt, at a cost of 
$10,000. Additions have since been made. Mr. Guy 
P. Norton is the popular and efficient manager. 


Chandler Hopkins built the house in which George 
Murch now lives, in which he kept a store, the first 
in town. 

The first store in the village was owned by Isaac 
Adams, afterward by Allen Taber. This store was 
situated where Jack Van Deets now lives. 

Elijah Winslow built a store where the L. H. Mosh- 
er store now stands, and traded there afterwards. 
Allen Taber traded there, as did Joseph B. Gilkey. 
It was burned, rebuilt by Josiah Harmon, and sold by 
his heirs to Mrs. L. H. Mosher, who now owns and 
conducts the store. 

The store where A. R. Myrick now trades was pur- 
chased by him from Charles Taylor; he purchased it 
from J. R. Taber, he from Moses Hanson, he from 
Hiram Whitehouse, who built it. At one time in the 
late 50's the farmers used it for a union store. Alfred 
Berry and Moses Hanson were the agents. 

History of Unity, Maine 31 

Thomas Snell conducted a store connected with the 
tannery where F. M. Fairbanks now lives. 

The store now owned by C. Boyce Mitchell, he had 
from his father, G. E. Mitchell, he from the heirs of 
Chas. Taylor, Taylor from J. F. Parkhurst, he from 
Nelson Dingley, who built it in 1852. Mr. Dingley 
bought the original store from Daniel Spring, who 
built it. Dingley and Spring traded in it, also C. 
Snell, W. R. Chandler, Robert Webb and A. R. Myrick. 
This early store was sold to A. W. Myrick and moved 
onto a lot adjoining the place owned by Jack Van 
Deets. Here it was used as a carriage shop until it 
was torn down. 

The first store on the lot now owned by F. L. Tozier 
was built by E. D. Williams, sold by him to James G. 
Patterson, by him to Mrs. Daniel Dummer, by her to 
J. R. Taber, and was then burned. He built a new 
store and sold to Josiah and Ansel Kelly, they to Green 
Carter. This was burned. The lot was then pur- 
chased by Lucretia Moulton from the Carter heirs. 
Mrs. Moulton sold to Mrs. H. C. Chandler, she to Mrs. 
W. G. Fuller, she to J. P. Libby, he to F. L. Tozier, the 
present owner. 

On the lot now owned by Nellie M. and Vivian H. 
Taber, the first store was built by Henry Kelly, and 
sold by him to G. E. Linkfield. He sold to Taber & 
Moulton. This building was burned. The present 
store, now occupied by E. T. Whitehouse for store and 
postoflice, was built in 1880. The original store was 
occupied by H. B. Rice, Henry Baker, 0. J. Whitten. 
The present store was occupied for a long period by 
J. R. Taber, for short periods by John Van Deets and 
E. D. Chase. 

H. L. Glines had his store from C. D. Connor, he 
from H. H. Grant, he from J. S. Bither. Mr. Grant 

32 History of Unity, Maine 

moved it to its present location from Bither's Mills. 
Prior to these transactions, C. E. Mitchell purchased 
the old store from Nelson Vickery, Vickery bought of 
Luther Mitchell. Henry Kelly, Webb & Call, Augus- 
tus Broad, C. E. Mitchell and T. B. Cook traded in it. 
This store burned and was rebuilt by C. E. Mitchell. 
It was rented by Asa Howe, and at the time of the fire 
by L. H. Mosher. The lot is owned by heirs of C. E. 

F. A. Whitehouse built the first store where J. A. 
Adams' store now stands, and used it for a time in 
company with Albert Bacon for the manufacture of 
clothing. It was afterward rented by Willard Rand 
and Robert Cookson, and then sold to J. A. Adams. 
It was later burned. Adams & Knight, in 1904, built 
the present store now occupied by J. A. Adams. 

Dr. E. M. Soule built his store in The 

lower part of the building has been used for the mil- 
linery business by Mrs. E, M. Soule and Mrs. Ethel 
Whitehouse. On the second floor, Dr. Soule carries 
on a large and successful dental business. 

Grant & Whitehouse purchased their store at the 
station from E. E. McCauslin, he from Frank Rice, 
who built it. The large storehouse was purchased from 
E. E. McCauslin, who built it. 

The store now occupied by the Farmers' Union was 
built and for some time occupied by Joseph H. Farwell. 

0. J. Whitten moved a shop from the Damon place 
to the location where H. L. Tru worthy's stable now 
stands, for a shoeshop. It was occupied as a store by 
N. W. Vickery. F. H. Hunt moved it to the station 
where the Turner Center Creamery now stands, and 
traded there for a time. It was later occupied by E. 
K. Adams and by E. T. Walker, and was afterward 

History of Unity, Maine 33 

At one time there was a store where the Whitehouse 
garage now stands, occupied by the contractors who 
were building the railroad, afterward by F. H. Hunt 
and N. C. Knight. This was burned. A store with 
two halls above, which for many years were occupied 
by the Odd Fellows and Masons, was then built, but 
this shared the same fate. Ed. Tolman, John Van 
Deets and Asa Howe traded here at different times. 

Alfred Clark built a small store at the station, in 
which L. H. Whitaker traded. It was burned. 

Outside of the village there have been several stores 
— one at Farwell's Mills was owned by Henry Farwell, 
one at the corner near Esburn Nutts' was owned by 
Thomas Cornforth, one near L. P. Foster's was owned 
by J. S. Rollins, and one at Moulton's Mills was owned 
by Samuel Hall and Mr. Lane. Edwin S. Stevens and 
his brother, Benjamin, had a small store at one time 
at Farwell's Mills. 


I find records of old roads, but the trees and marks 
have long since passed away. There is a record read- 
ing like this: "Starting from where John Mitchell 
lived, called the Sandhill (now owned by Archie 
Tozier), across land now owned by Eli Moulton and 
Clarence Brown, to land of Stephen Chase, thence 
across said Chase land by the burial ground to the 
house of Lemuel Bartlett (now owned by Mrs. J. W. 
Harmon), thence northeasterly across said Bartlett 
land to Woodbridge Webb's house (now owned by F. 
H. Dutton), thence to the Mayo fall down." 

Another old road ran from what is now the Water- 
ville road, on the south side of Sandy Stream, across 
land of Joseph A. Bacon to the main road. It can be 
traced a part of the way today. It is said that this is 

34 History of Unity, Maine 

the trail followed by the early settlers mentioned in 
R. W. Murch's letter when they went to Winslow to 
get their corn ground. 

There is a record of a road starting from Daniel 
Whitmore's land, running by Benj. Bartlett's (now 
owned by G. W. Vamey), by the Friends' church, 
where it intersected a road from 'Squire Hale Park- 
hurst's (now L. P. Foster's), to Farwell's Corner, 
thence to Pettie's Mill, thence to John Scribner's, 
thence following the country road to Hezekiah Chase's 
place (now owned by E. D. Chase). 

There was also a road starting from near Alonzo 
Bacon's place and coming out near F. R. Cornforth's. 
The ruins of a house which was on this road are to be 
seen near George Taylor's south line. 

Still another road started east from near Alonzo 
Bacon's place, by the Ordway and Truworthy places, 
intersecting a road to Pettie's mill. The birch trees 
mentioned have long since passed away. 

A road leading from Packard's Corner, near J. 
Arthur Thompson's, by the Sam.uel Webb place to D. 
E. Loveland's, was discontinued when the new road 
from Loveland's to Jones' Corner was laid out. 

Nothing of value is attached to these incomplete 
records. I mention them only as a matter of "ancient 


Sandy Stream rises in Montville, runs through 
Unity, and is spanned by six bridges, namely: The 
Douglass, Hussey, Farwell, Village, Moulton, and Out- 
let bridges. There are several minor bridges over 
small streams. 

The first bridge at the village which the writer can 
remember was a frame bridge similar to a barn, but 

History of Unity, Maine 35 

without a roof ; the posts were about fifteen feet high, 
not boarded. After that was a bridge with X-work 
sides about six feet high, and a partition through the 

The iron bridge at the village was built in 1907. 
The committee in charge of the building consisted of 
W. H. J. Moulton, Frank Bartlett, George E. Grant, 
Amander Rackliff, E. T. Reynolds, Jacob L. Ames and 
D. R. McGray. The abutments were built by John 
Brown of Benton Station. The cost of the bridge was 


The large elm trees standing upon the sides of our 
main street were set out by Jefferson Bartlett, Russell 
Reynolds and Isaac Childs. Lawyer William Weeks 
set those on the West and north sides of the Whitmore 
cemetery, near G. L. Whitten's residence. Edwin E. 
Stevens set those on both sides of the trotting park, 
also those on the north side of the road leading east 
from Thomas Watton's place to Farwell's Comer. The 
maples in front of James R. Taber's main house were 
set by William Taber in 1876, those in front of the 
rest of the residence by James Taber in 1880. The 
trees belonging to Mrs. G. W. Fuller were set by her 
husband. Dr. W. G. Fuller. Those in front of Mrs. J. 
W. Harmon's house, she caused to be set, as did Mr. 
C. E. Stevens and Mr. W. S. Merrick those on their 
respective lawns. 

The oak tree in front of Thomas Carll's place was 
planted by his father, Robert Carll, one hundred years 
ago. The great willow on the opposite side of the 
road grew from a twig used by Robert Carll as a walk- 
ing stick on a day's journey. 

36 History of Unity, Maine 

HOTELS ' - -' -^ 

The first hotel — at that time called a tavern---7was 
kept by Benj. Rackliff. It was situated due south of 
the old poor farm, near the north line of D. E. Loye- 
land's farm. Here the occasional traveller of the^old^n 
times might find food and lodging. ,^^-* .^s..?.,,,- 

In the village the first hotel was kept by Thomas 
Chandler. After his death, the house was carried on 
by Mrs. Chandler and her son, Benjamin. The house 
was near the center of the village, where Mrs. Chas. 
E. Stevens' house now stands. It was conducted as a 
temperance house. r, 

The Hale Parkhurst house, now owned by L. P. 
Foster ; the Jesse Whitmore house, now owned by H. 
B. Rice; the Rufus Burnham house, now owned by J. 
R. Taber; the Amos Webb house, now owned by Mrs. 
Mantie Gregg ; and the Stone house, afterward burned, 
were at different times used as hotels, but when tjie 
Central House was built, these were discontinued^ ex- 
cept the Chandler House. For years the Central 
House has been the town's only hotel. 

The Central House was built by Elijah Winslow. 
It was at first a small one-story house, to which he 
made a two-story addition. He sold the building to 
John L. Seavey, who afterward sold to Fred Burrill, 
he to Daniel Dummer, he to T. J. Whitehouse and G. 
A. Hunt. It was burned at this time. ; Mr.r White- 
house then purchased Mr. Hunt's interest and built 
the present Central House in 1878.- It. is now owned 
by Mr. F. A. Whitehouse. This hotel was situated half 
way between Augusta and Bangor, on the old stage 
road — hence its name. 

History of Unity, Maine 37 


"As wepiass the Central House today, we see drawn 
up Kef ore it auto trucks, touring cars, limousines, and 
we realize that our little town is in the clutch of the 
modern' life. All this makes for convenience and 
speed, it is necessary, but with its coming we have lost 
the' quaint picturesque quality of the earlier days. 

There are but few people alive who can recall when 
V. D. Pinkham of Augusta owned the stage line from 
Augusta to Bangor, but those of us who can, remember 
well the thrill of excitement that ran through the vil- 
lage when the great stage coach, drawing near, blew 
its horn to announce to the townspeople that the mail 
was ^bout' to arrive. The Concord coach, resplendent 
with paint and varnish, drawn by four horses, caused 
a'stir as it rolled through the town loaded with passen- 
gers ^orBangar, often followed by a second four-horse 
coach equally loaded. Among the "Knights of the 
W4iip" in those good old days, we distinctly remember 
Isaa(^ Holmes, Wm. Nason, Davis Crocker and Mr. 

«' - 'Lan>dlord John L. Seavey did a flourishing business 
ins tiiose -days, t this being the halfway place between 
Augifeta and Bangor. Mr. Seavey had two large sta- 
bles in which was kept a relay of horses. 

■""'When the Pinkham line was discontinued, a one- 
horse ^tage'was run from China to Bangor, owned by 
the Brown boys. Later the route was shortened to 
run from Unity to Dixmont Center, and now it runs 
from Unity- to Tray and is called a Star Route. 

After the train ran from Augusta to Fairfield, the 
western mail for Unity came by stage from Fairfield 
tvCJ-Unity via , East Benton, daily leaving Unity at 6.15 
A,^M, and returning at 8.45 P. M. This was continued 
until the railroad from Burnham to Belfast was built. 

38 History of Unity, Maine 

The mail for Thomdike and Brooks left Unity once 
a week, on Saturday. It was carried by a Mr. Ham. 

In 1902 the rural free delivery was instituted, by 
which all mail is carried to the door of the man who 
lives outside of the village. Thus civilization sweeps 
on, bringing comforts and privileges to the rural sec- 
tions. Gurney Stevens was appointed as carrier of 
the rural free delivery and has kept at his post for 
fourteen years. 


In the late sixties, the first excitement concerning 
a railroad arose. The land was surveyed from Augus- 
ta to Bangor, passing through Unity, but the project 
failed to materialize. The farmers, however, were 
tired of hauling potatoes and other produce to Belfast 
and Fairfield. They grew restless, capitalists began 
to get interested, and a survey was made for a road 
to be known as the Belfast and Moosehead Lake 

For some time it was a question whether the road 
should pass through Unity or Troy, and surveys were 
made through each town, under Col. A. W. Wilds. 
Before a decision was made, there was much excite- 
ment. Unity called a town meeting and voted to take 
thirty thousand dollars' worth of stock if the company 
would locate a station within one-half mile of the town 
pump, and sent the company a record of its vote. 

Several public-spirited citizens had, prior to this 
action by the town, signed the following paper: 

The undersigned, being desirous of having the Bel- 
fast and Burnham railroad built through Unity, do 
agree to pay to Chas. Taylor, treasurer of our railroad 
association, each subscriber being a member thereof, 
the sum set against our names, for the purpose of pay- 

History of Unity, Maine 39 

ing for the right of way across the lands of such per- 
sons in Unity as cannot be persuaded to give and 
relinquish their damages for the right of crossing their 
land. Albert F. Watson, $20.00; William Taber, 
$25.00; George Clark, $25.00; J. R. Taber, $25.00; 
James Fowler, Jr., $25.00 ; Chas. Taylor, $20.00 ; Ruel 
Mussey, $20.00; John T. Main, M. D., $10.00; Eben 
Thompson, $20.00; Josiah Harmon, $20.00; Jefferson 
Bartlett, $20.00; Stephen Dyer, $25.00 and right of 
way through his land; N. C. Knight, $5.00; Alfred 
Berry, $10.00; Joseph Chase, $20.00; B. B. Rackliff, 
$10.00; G. E. Linkfield, $10.00; Jonathan Stone, 
$10.00; Harrison Chase, $20.00; John Crie, $5.00; 
Simon Connor, $10.00; E. E. Hall, $5.00; H. B. Rice, 
$10.00; Daniel Starkey, $5.00; S. S. Coller, $5.00; J. 
R. Munroe, $5.00; C. E. Mitchell, $20.00; R. M. Mun- 
roe, $5.00; Shepard Giles, $2.00; Samuel Stevens, 
$5.00; John Royal, $5.00. 

When the town made its offer, this paper was 

The railroad company replied that it would not 
accept the town's offer, and it looked as if we should 
lose the road. Unity people thought they had made a 
good offer, and when the company refused to accept 
it, they immediately called another meeting and re- 
scinded their vote, in which they had offered to take 
thirty thousand dollars' worth of stock, and directed 
the clerk to forward to the company a record of their 

It was finally decided to build through Unity, and 
the company called for the thirty thousand dollars. 
The town refused to pay, and left the matter with 
Lawyer Artemus Libby (later associate justice of the 
Supreme Court). Mr. Libby offered to leave it to the 
Supreme Court to decide whether the railroad had 

40 History of Unity, Maine 

cause for action or not, to which the company agreed. 
A verdict was rendered for the town. Consequently, 
Unity and her people had nothing to pay. 

The railroad was opened in 1870. 


Life in our village has for the most part been quiet 
and uneventful, with a slow but steady progress tow- 
ard material success, yet fate has not left us entirely 
unscathed, for the older men and women can remem- 
ber four times when the dreaded cry of "Fire!" has 
rung through the village, calling them out to find the 
stores in flames. They remember the quick rush of 
the villagers to the spot, the long, heavy strokes of the 
church bell calling the townspeople to aid, the dogged, 
persistent courage with which every man fell to work, 
handicapped at every move. They remember the great 
darting flames, which, as they watched, wrapped one 
store after another, until the quick call came to save 
the homes if possible, since the rest must go. They 
recall that the next day they stood over the ruins and 
planned to build again. 

The first of these great fires was in November, 
1871. It was on the west side of the street, and 
caught in the Mitchell store, occupied then by T. B. 
Cook. Nothing could be done — the fire swept over 
the whole block. 

The second fire was on March 2, 1878, on the east 
side of the street. The fire broke out in the shoeshop 
of Daniel Starkey. Alfred Berry was one of the first 
on the spot, and he declared that if he had had a pailful 
of water at that moment he could have put the fire 
out, but no water was at hand and the fire was soon 
out of control. It swept up over the hotel store, hall, 
two stables and the hotel itself, occupied at that time 

History of Unity, Maine 41 

by Thomas Whitehouse. In the opposite direction it 
destroyed the house and stable of H. B. Rice and the 
Thomas Snell house and stables, owned by Daniel 

Within three months, June 9, 1878, fire came again 
and the startled people fought, this time almost de- 
spairingly, to save the stores on the west side of the 
street. They failed and all were burned. Then for 
twenty-six years fire passed us by, until on January 
5, 1904, the stores on the east side burned again, to- 
gether with the halls where the Odd Fellows and 
Masons were located. 


The Randlett store and tannery. 
The Lincoln Hussey house near Freedom line. 
The John Larrabee house at the Douglass bridge. 
The Cudworth Clark buildings. 
The barn nearly opposite the Williams place, 
owned by G. E. Linkfield. 

The Jacob Clark buildings. 
The Washington Nickless buildings. 
The schoolhouse in the Clark district. 
Silver Greenleaf 's place, near Freedom. 
The Hussey foundry. 

The Clement Rackliff house, called "The Quaker 

James Gilkey's house on the south side of the 
P'riends' burial ground. 

The Sinclair house, where Chas. S. Cook now lives. 

The Fowler schoolhouse. 

Farm buildings of Chas. C. Fowler. 

42 History of Unity, Maine 

Robert Carll's barn, struck by lightning. 

Ansel Stone's farm buildings. 

Samuel Kelly's farm buildings, place now owned 
by heirs of late Edwin Rand. 

The Hezekiah Stevens house, on place now owned 
by Joseph Bacon. 

The Levi Bacon buildings, on land now owned by 
G. A. Stevens. 

The Harrison Chase farm buildings. 

The William Crosby house, near the old Crosby 

The James Chase house, where A. R. McManus 

The Ira Trafton sawmill, south of E. B. Hunt's 

The Jacob McKenny place, near the Troy line. 

The Chas. Stone hotel, store and stable at the 

The E. K. Adams house, near the station. 

Turner Center Creamery. 

The J. S. Bither house and sawmill at Mitchell's 

The Amos Webb house. 

Thomas Winter's house, on the road leading from 
L. P. Foster's to Unity Plantation. 

Mill house near Moulton's Mills. 

Mills where the Moulton Mills are located. 

House built by E. T. Thompson near Moulton's 

House and barn, known as the White place, built 
by Samuel Hall. 

The E. E. Hall place. 

History of Unity, Maine 43 

House of Russell Reynolds, where Thos. B. Cook 
now lives. 

The W. R. Chandler place, now owned by Ira Park- 

Two small houses below Joseph Libby's, owned by 
the Southwick Tannery Company. 

The old Snell tannery, so-called. 

The Weed house, where H. L. TruWprthy, M. D., 
now lives. 

The Snell house and stables, where George Mosher 
now lives. 

The house and stable of H. B. Rice, north of G. R. 

Two small shops at the north end of Adams' store. 

The hotel where the Central House now stands, two 
large stables, shed, and store with hall. 

The second fire on this spot burned the store erect- 
ed by F. A. Whitehouse for manufacturing clothing, 
Tozier's barber shop, the building occupied by the 
Karam Clothing Company, and the Odd Fellows' and 
Masonic halls. 

The first framed barn on the Chase place, where 
F. A. Whitten nov/ lives. 

The white, also the brick, schoolhouses. 

The first fire on the west side of the street, among 
the stores, started in the L. H. Mosher store, then 
owned by Elijah Winslow. This was early in the 
town's history. 

The second originated in the C. E. Mitchell store, 
occupied by T. B. Cook; that, together with the Har- 
mon store and house, where Ira P. Libby now lives, 
the J. R. Taber store, then occupied by John Crie, and 
the Kelly store, owned by Taber & Moulton, were 

44 History of Unity, Maine 

The third fire originated in the Harmon store, oc- 
cupied ty Asa Howe, and a block of three stores, built 
by C. E. Mitchell and J. R. Taber, were burned. Mr. 
Harmon rebuilt. Mr. H. H. Grant, moved I the Either 
store onto the Mitchell lot. Mrs. Lucretia Mouitoja; 
built the Frank Tozier store, and J.,R,,T^ber^buiit the 
store now used as a postoffice. . . ; -4 ,. vf t.-.- >.v 

The barn of George Taylor. ..Sj .^j j 

. ;The house, of , J;ames Cliff ord. 

The cottage of Mrs. J. W. Harmon, situated at;Wiij-. 
demere Park. i 


The Masonic Lodge: It is reported that the.^to^ 
MajSonic meetings were held in Richard Cornforth's 
l^ouse. ,. The early records have been destroyed, but as 
near as i can learn, William McGray was the first 
worshipful master of Star in the West Lodge, 85. 
Since it's organizatiori the lodge has changed its loca- 
tion several times, but is now permanently located iii' 
a fine hall of its own. G. T. Whitaker is the preseiit 
worshipful master, and Ruel M. Berry is" secretaiy.'"'^ 

Antioch Chapter, 163, O. E. S.: Was organized 
March 26, 1913, constituted October 11, 1913. Cora 
M. Whitaker, matron; Addie L. Fogg, assistant ma- 
tron ; Mary W. Mosher, secretary ; Chas. L. Gannett, 
wbrthy patron.'--- ' -"■'- •'^' ' ' -- '-•' ^"^^'^ ''--'■' - ^ 

'Sons of Temperance : This s6cifety was brganizea 
in Chandler's hall in 1851. They biiilt the building; 
for years known as the "Temperance Hall," Upon laifid' 
purchased from Jefferson Bartlett, now owned by Ben j. 
Fogg. Among the prominent members of this sociiety, 
we fihd the names of Jefferson Bartlett,' Nelson 'Diiig- 
ley, Gorham and ' Alonzo Hamilton, Adam; Hall aAd 
Washington Myrick, Solomon Hollis and S. S.CoUer. 

History of Unity, Maine 45 

» Nelson. ^Dingley, Jr., trained the cadets in the upper 
part of , this building. i 

Glenwood Division, S. of T., '22: Occupied the hall 

over the postoffice, where it flourished for a tinie. 

John T. Main, Mv D., Benj. Williams, M. D., J. E. 

Stone- J. R. Taber and Frank B. Lane w«re: among Its 

■members* ^-'A u-i '• i. .-.^ ;> • 

. ■ - . " ' ' ■'■.■.■^ 'n^T ^^ ;> -• ;T ■ \ 

Then came the Ironclads. In this lodge, John A. 

Van Deets was the leader. It had an active but short 


The<Orc?e^ p/ Good Templars was several times or- 
ganized, the last time in 1899, in Taber's hall; Henry 
Bacon, C. F. 

Grange: The Sandy Stream Grange, P. of H., 72, 
was organized March 11, 1875, in the Teniperance 
. hall. It prospered for many years, bujt, afterward was 
discontinued because of lack of interest. . . < 

Invictus Lodge, 38, 1. O. O. F. : The Invictus Lodge 
r-was organized July 2, 1882,. in Taber's hall.' The, char- 
ter /members were J. >R.- Taber, A. R. Myrick, Jaines 
'Graig, M. D., Oakley Giles, Joseph C.. Whitney, M. D., 
. Jpseph P. Libby, George W. Murch, Albert ]\IcManus, 
J Alton Pilley, Samuel A. .Myrick, Leslie L. Higgins, 
, Marion, Blanchard. 

■. ■■■ ! ■ ■ ; . . ■ •■.■Yft \it •■ , 

: ' The officers elected at the first meeting- were J,; R. 
Tab&r, N. G.; A. R. Myrick, V. G.; J. C. Whitney, Sec. 

Owing to increased membership, the lodge pur- 
chased from J. R. Taber the hall upon the opposite 
; si'de of the street, and remained there until burned out, 
?'ijianuary 5, 1904. It then sold its lot to J. R. Taber 
■and purchased another from him, upon which the 
present hall stands. The building and furnishings 
cost over $5000. 

46 History of Unity, Maine 

Favori Rebekah Lodge, 98, I. 0. O. F.: This was 
organized Dec. 13, 1900. The officers elected were 
Fannie Bartlett, N. G. ; Jennie A. Frost, V. G. ; Grace 
A. Bartlett, Sec; Grace M. Cook, Treas. ; Clara E. 
Fuller, Ida P. Libby, Joseph P. Libby, trustees. 

Knights of Pythias, Ilk: This organization was 
formed June 23, 1914, in Taber's hall. E. T. Rey- 
nolds, C. C; J. C. Van Deets, V. C; W. J. Getchell, 
K. of R. S.; G. B. Pillsbury, M. of F.; W. S. Libby, 
M. of E. 

Commandery: The Commandery was instituted 
November 24, 1914. The officers were Carlton Kidder, 
C. P.; Clare Reynolds, S. W.; D. V. Rollins, H. P.; W. 
L. Fairbanks, J. W. 


North Waldo Agricultural Society: This was or- 
ganized in the early sixties. Seth Thompson, presi- 
dent; Benj. Fogg, vice president; Eli Vickery, treas- 
urer; H. B. Rice, agent and collector. 

Grand Army, Calvin F. Pilley, 35: For years the 
Grand Army has held its meetings among us, with a 
reunion each thirteenth of August at Windemere Park. 

Ladies' Aid: The women of our town, banded to- 
gether for service, have for several years proved effi- 
cient workers. Where they have seen a need, especial- 
ly in connection with church and parsonage, they have 
worked seriously and accomplished the end in view. 


The following odd items cannot be classified. I 
jot them down as they came to me, sometimes in full, 
sometimes in fragments, thinking that here and there 
a reader may find something of interest. 

History of Unity, Maine 47 

Maine Militia: To Robert Cornforth, you being 
duly enrolled as a soldier in the company of which 
Capt. Rufus Berry is commanding officer, are hereby 
ordered to appear at the usual place of parade of said 
company, at Lieutenant George Wood's dwelling, in 
said Unity, on Tuesday, the fourth day of May, 1824, 
at 10 o'clock in the forenoon, armed and equipped as 
the law directs for military duty and inspection, and 
there await further orders. 

By order of said commanding officer. Dated at 
Unity, this 20th day of April, 1824. Edmund Murch, 

Elizabeth Fowler was the first female born in 

The first juror drawn in town was Daniel Whit- 

The first orchard was known as the Melvin orchard. 
It was on the place now owned by John M. and Arthur 
Thompson. The seeds were planted in a sap trough. 
One year, it is reported, they raised one thousand 
bushels of apples. 

Dog Hill received its name in this way: Matthew 
Fowler, known as "Duke," when going to "Antioch," 
was usually accompanied by his dog. One day this 
dog attacked a sheep belonging to a Mr. Stevens, who 
took his gun and shot the dog as he stood by his mas- 
ter's side. From that time it has always been called 
Dog Hill. 

Choosing a Guardian: Unity, March 3, 1815. Re- 
member this day a lad by the name of Ben Skiff, 
belonging to Lincoln, informed me that he had chosen 
Henry Farwell of Unity, Kennebec County, for his 
guardian. Abner Knov/les, Town Clerk. 

Gold: In the seventies there was quite an excite- 
ment in town, as it was reported that gold had been 

48 History of Unity, Maine 

discovered upon the James Mitchell farm, south of 
where D. E. Loveland now lives, and opposite the 
George Webb place. Mining was begun in earnest, a 
stock company was formed and the blasting of the 
ledge commenced. Experts were called in, who, alas, 
reported that "all is not gold that glitters," which 
caused a fall in the price of stock. The miners retired 
from work, and the mine remains for future genera- 
tions to develop. The certificates of stock are held as 
souvenirs. The property is now owned by George 

Range Lines : Range lines are the old lines between 
the Penobscot and Kennebec rivers, by which land was 
formerly located. One of these lines runs between the 
Rufus Burnham farm, now owned by J. R. Taber, 
and the Judge Hezekiah Chase farm, now owned by 
F. A. Whitten. The well on F. A. Bartlett's place 
(the brick house near the station) is exactly on that 

Lines: After the first store was burned, where 
the L. H. Mosher store now stands, a dispute arose 
with regard to the line, Elijah Winslow wishing to 
build. It was finally settled that the southeast corner 
of the foundation where the Mosher store now stands 
was the legal corner of the main street and the Water- 
ville road, the Waterville road being a three-rod road 
like the road leading from the Chandler hotel to Chase's 
Corner, on the Belfast road. 

General Meeting: The Friends* General Meeting 
was held in Union church, February 22, 1873. Mary 
Comstock of New York was the principal speaker, 
assisted by Eli Jones of China, Maine, and Chas. R. 
Tucker of New Bedford, M^ss. A heavy snowstorm 
prevailed and no trains ran for one week. 

History of Unity, Maine 49 

Mast of the Constitution: One of the masts of the 
frigate Constitution was cut on the farm of the Hon. 
Crosby Fowler. It took twelve yoke of oxen to haul 
the mast to the river and one to haul the runs. A 
piece of wood cut from the same stump is in the 
writer's possession. 

Cider Mills: The first cider mill of which I have 
any knowledge was on the Jacob Truworthy place, now 
owned by G. W. Varney, nearly opposite the Frank 
Mussey place. The next one was the Parkhurst mill, 
now owned by L. P. Foster, which went out of com- 
mission several years ago. Thomas O. Knight has a 
modern mill on his place. There is also one near A. 
J. Harding's, belonging to George Trull. 

The Circus: The first circus in town was held on 
the lawn between the residences of J. A. Adams and 
J. R. Taber. The ring marks are still to be seen. Joe 
Pentland's circus was held upon the grounds now occu- 
pied by the Portland Packing Company. The treas- 
urer of that company said that they took more money 
at Unity than at any other place between the Penob- 
scot and Kennebec rivers. . 

Kernoclis Bog and Kernoclis Brook: In the south- 
ern part of the town of Unity there is a bog called 
Jiernoclis Bog, and along the eastern border flows a 
brook or stream, which is never dry, called Kernoclis 
Brook. This bog and this brook are both referred to 
in the ancient deeds, where it is sometimes found 
spelled Knock- Wallis. The name is derived from the 
name of an Indian who dwelt in the forest on the 
borders of the bog when the white men first came to 
the region. The bog itself in the centre is muddy peat 
to an unknown depth, covered, except in places, with 
a thick growth of moss. In places the water shows 
through the surface and is never dry. A person stand- 

50 History of Unity, Maine 

ing on a mound of this moss can cause the surface of 
the bog for a long distance around him to wave like 
the waves of the sea, from which circumstance this 
part of the bog is called the "Shaking Bog." It con- 
tains about a thousand acres, and its borders are 
covered with a dense, dark growth, consisting mainly 
of spruce, fir and pine. In the winter it is the haunt 
of deer, as it is very warm, and the surface of the 
water holes in the "Shaking Bog" never freezes over. 

At an election held May 17, 1810, to elect a repre- 
sentative to the General Court, Lemuel Bartlett re- 
ceived seventeen votes ; Samuel Kelly, two. 

May 11, 1818, Rufus Burnham was elected repre- 
sentative to the General Court. 

July 6, 1819, the vote to become an independent 
state stood ninety-eight in favor, five against. 

September 20, 1819, Rufus Burnham, M. D., was 
chosen to attend the convention at Portland which met 
to draft a constitution for the state. 

April 13, 1820, Hon. William King received seven- 
ty-two votes for governor. 

April 25, 1824, voted to pay each soldier the sum 
of twenty cents before the General Muster. 

March 31, 1828, the support of the poor and all 
liabilities therefor were sold to Isaac Mitchell for 

April 26, 1829, the vote for representative to Con- 
gress stood: Hon. Ruel Williams, 40; Gen. Jesse 
Robinson, fifteen; Nathan Cutler, eleven; George 
Evans, one. 

Postmaster: J. R. Taber was appointed post- 
master in 1865 and held the office at three different 
times. The last appointment was May 31, 1895, 
resigned September, 1914, age seventy-five years, total 

History of Unity, Maine 51 

service twenty years ; succeeded by E. T. Whitehouse, 
October 27, 1914. 

Station Agent: Railroad opened in 1870; Alfred 
Berry, station agent. 

Mail Carriers: Thos. J. Whitehouse was appointed 
mail carrier in 1870, Fred A. Whitehouse appointed 
mail carrier in 1889. This service has been in the 
Whitehouse family since the railroad was built in 
1870, with the exception of a short time after the 
Central House was burned, when it was conducted by 
J. R. Taber, who entertained the traveling public 
while the Central House was being rebuilt. 

Rural Free Delivery: On October 1, 1902, the rur- 
al free delivery was established, with Gurney A. 
Stevens as carrier. 

September 14, 1901, William McKinley, President 
of the United States, was killed. The church bell was 
tolled for forty-five minutes by Peter Whitney, after 
which fifty-eight strokes, suggesting the President's 
age, were made. 

December 15, 1901, a heavy rain was in progress. 
No trains ran from Burnham from Saturday, the four- 
teenth, until Sunday, the twenty-second, at 3 P. M., 
when a freight passed through to Belfast. The fol- 
lowing Monday the writer handled over sixty bags of 

July 16, 1901, the glass in the shade at noon stood 
at 100 degrees above zero. 

The mill house opposite Connor's mill was built by 
Sherwin Crosby. 

Nathan and Joseph Farwell, sons of Henry Far- 
well, were born in Unity and moved to Rockland. 
Nathan was elected to the United States Senate, and 
Joseph to the Governor's Council. 

52 History of Unity, Maine 

On March 24, 1904, the sharp shock of an earth- 
quake was felt here at 1.50 A. M. 

Clement Rackliff and his wife, H. Chase Rackliff, 
were members of the Society of Friends and used to 
attend the Friends' Yearly Meeting, held at Newport, 
Rhode Island, making the entire journey on horseback. 

When Walter Kurd's barn was raised, Elias Jones 
made a speech from the ridgepole. 

March 27, 1827, the support of Lydia Davis was 
sold to Isaac Mitchell for four cents a week. 

Joseph Stevens built a house near a spring on the 
Jackson farm, now owned by Alonzo Bacofi, it being 
east of south of Mr. Bacon's house. The six ^cres 
directly in front of Mr. Bacon's house were formerly 
owned by Henry Farwell. He left it unfenced for 
years, and it was called "Farwell's Common." 

The first bridge at the village was built opposite 
the mill house. 

Hezekiah Tilton, son of Gibbs and Huldah Tilton, 
was a noted Methodist minister, at one time bishop of 
the diocese of Milwaukee, Wisconsin. 

Copps Opening was the section one mile west of 
the Elias Fowler place, now owned by William Gerald. 
Samuel Copps and a man named French built a log 
house here, each family occupying one-half. Onerhalf 
mile this side lived a man by the name of Samuel Davis, 
one-fourth mile away a man by the name of Plummer, 
who built a log house north of the Fowler place on the 
main road. Isaiah Whitten built a house afterward 
owned by a Mr. Taylor. 

Electricity was turned on in Unity Village for the 
first time on January 1, 1916. 

The Unity postoffice will become a third-class office 
during 1916. 

History of Unity, Maine 53 


In the records of the Revolutionary War, we find 
from this town the names of James Packard, John 
Melvin, William Hanna, Thomas Fowler, Aaron Kelly, 
David Vickery, John McKenny, Nathan Parkhurst, 
Thomas Pearson and Ichabod Hunt. 

James Packard enlisted January 1, 1781, for three 
years, under Col. Joseph Vose, was transferred to the 
artillery, under Col. Swift, September, 1781. 

John Melvin enlisted July 1, 1775, served seven 
months and one day, transferred from Massachusetts 
to New York, mustered out at West Point, transferred 
into the regular army. 

Thomas Fowler served one month and six days, was 
a scout under Col. Josiah Brown and Gen. Wadsworth. 

Aaron Kelly served under Major Dummer Sewall, 
discharged at Boothbay, November 10, 1775, enlisted 
again July 12, 1776, served six months and four days 
for the defense of the sea. In 1780 in service again 
one month, under Brig. Gen. Wadsworth. 

David Vickery enlisted at Fort George, December 
1» 1775. 

, John McKenny, private in Capt. Daniel Strout's 
Company, enlisted July 17, 1775, served to December 
31, 1775, five months, twenty-seven days, company sta- 
tioned at Cape Elizabeth and Scarborough. 
,, Thomas Pearson enlisted July 7, 1779, in Capt. 
John Gray's company. Col. Jonathan Mitchell's regi- 
ment, discharged December 12, 1799, re-enlisted at 
North Yarmouth. 

No record can be found concerning the service of 
William Hanna, Ichabod Hunt and Nathan Parkhurst. 

I believe the above record to be correct. I have 
spent many hours searching the records made in those 

54 History of Unity, Maine 


In Lieut. Benj. J. Rackliff's company, Lieut. H. 
Morris' regiment from September 12-27, 1814, the fol- 
lowing names appear from Unity : George I. Fowler, 
Archelaus Hunt, Robert Blanchard, Nathaniel Carll, 
Robert Carll, Eben Reynolds, Nathaniel Stevens, Dean 
Libby, Mark Libby, Elisha Either, Josiah Murch, 
David Vickery, Samuel Kelly, Joel Vickery, Elisha 
Parkhurst, Nathan Parkhurst, Jacob Truworthy, 
Thomas Fowler, Daniel McManus, Richard Cornforth, 
Eben Farwell, Reuben Cookson, Benj. Melvin, Aaron 
McKenny, John Larrabee, Jeremiah Connor. 

Otis Whitmore, Joseph Bither. 


The Civil War began in 1861 and lasted four years. 
Unity was among the first to respond to the call for 
soldiers, and promptly furnished her quota of men, 
who proved themselves valiant fighters and of whom 
the town has always been proud. A large number 
lived to return. If I remember right. Unity sent nine- 
ty men, and I believe there are now twenty-two living 
among us, honored and respected by all. 

The names of those who went to the war are: 
Isaac Avery, Ruel M. Berry, John Berry, Rufus B. 
Bither, Silas Bither, William Bither, Augustus Broad, 
Joseph A. Bacon, Eugene Boulter, Phineas Bennett, 
Rev. Jacob Crosby, Jefferson Clifford, John Crie, 
George Clifford, Eli Chase, Chas. 0. Chase, Frank 
Cookson, Robert Cookson, Thomas Cookson, Alonzo 
Carter, Asa Douglas, Amos Douglas, Chas. Fogg, Dan- 
iel Flye, Elijah Flye, Walter Flye, Rufus Flye, Wil- 
liam Hamilton, Myrick Hagaty, Frank Hamilton, Ed- 

History of Unity, Maine 55 

win Hall, John W. Hall, Streeter Harding, Marcellus 
Harding, Denis Hartford, Ralph Harmon, Cyrus Has- 
kell, Eugene Hunt, Hoyt Hunt, Andrew A. Hurd, Boyd 
Hines, James Hines, Warren Jones, Jonathan Kelly, 
Joel Kelly, Joseph P. Libby, Nathan P. Libby, Alvano 
Lowell, Alonzo Libby, John T. Main, M. D., Chas. Mar- 
shall, Marcian McManus, Edwin Moore, William 
Moore, Daniel McManus, S. A. Myrick, Jeptha Murch, 
David H. Myrick, Otis McGray, Amos Moore, William 
Nason, Cyrus Myrick, E. R. Parkman, Thomas Phin- 
ney, Thean Randlett, John Randlett, Josiah Reynolds, 
Amander Rackliff, Amander Rackliff, Jr., Henry Rob- 
inson, Lemuel Reynolds, Hiram Reynolds, James Rey- 
nolds, Joseph Reynolds, Joseph E. Stone, Edwin E. 
Stevens, Josiah Scribner, Fred Seavy, Daniel Scribner, 
Daniel Starkey, Daniel Small, John Smith, Lewis 
Thompson, Marcellus Whitney, William Whitten, Benj. 
Williams, M. D., Samuel Webb, Richard Whitten, Chas. 
Webster, John Van Deets. 

Marcian McManus was in Libby Prison nine 
months, and contracted a disease there from which he 
died a few years after the war closed. 

Daniel Small, 2nd, was killed in battle. 

Phineas Bennett died soon after getting home. 

Cyrus Myrick was killed. 

Jeptha Murch died soon after getting home. 

Lemuel Reynolds died in the hospital. 

Alonzo Libby contracted disease in the army, from 
which he died soon after reaching home. 


When gold was discovered in California, Unity, 
like most other eastern towns, in spite of distance and 
perils, sent out her quota of men in the great search. 

56 History of Unity, Maine 

In 1849, Hon. Crosby Fowler, his brother. Button 
Fowler, Joseph Bartlett, William Weeks, Stephen T. 
Rackliff and Joseph Rackliff sailed from Bath, Maine, 
in September, in the ship, ''Hampden," arriving in 
San Francisco in a little less than six months. They 
went around Cape Horn. It took forty cents to send 
a letter to California in those days. . p =; . . 

In 1851, Gorham Hamilton, Joseph Chandler and 
Seth Thompson started west, and in 1852 C. E. Mit- 
chell and Chas. E. Taber, with his cousin, Albert Taber 
of Albion, went. In 1856, Joseph Kelly, Burnham 
Kelly and Simon Knight followed. In 1864, Crosby 
Fowler, J. F. Parkhurst and Wilbur Mitchell drove a 
herd of cattle across the plains, through Kansas, 
Nebraska, Wyoming, Utah and Nevada, a long, hard 
journey. The cattle were mostly cows, which were 
sold to the dairymen. Job Chase, Bartlett and Harri- 
son G. Otis also went to California, but the date I am 
unable to ascertain. 

I append a letter written home recently by one of 
the "boys" who left Unity in those early days, which 
gives a mind picture of the journey to California: 

Grass Valley, California, 
Dec. 24, 1910. 

I am going to hark back a long way and tell you 
when, where and how the California gold fever bacillus 
got into my system, so that as a result I have for nearly 
fifty-nine years been separated from all my kindred 
and the companions of my youth. ■•• 

The time was the spring of 1851, and reports were 
in circulation of the finding of gold in the northern 
part of Maine. There was much excitement, and a 
rush for the mines was started. Four from Unity 
joined it, E. S. Stevens, Robert Lytte, the hotel keeper 

History of Unity, Maine 57 

at the village, and myself. ''Shelly" and I went to- 
gether with a little horse that grandfather had for his 
use. When we got on the main road up the Kennebec 
river, we were sometimes in a procession, all bound 
for the new Eldorado, but as we neared the boundary 
we began to meet teams returning, and after a brief 
examination of the mines a little farther on, we, too, 
turned and wended our way homeward. 

Up to that time, I think I had never had any idea 
of going to California, but in three weeks from my 
return 1 was getting ready for the trip. At that time 
there was such a rush for California that tickets for 
passage were sold two or three months ahead. I paid 
three hundred and ten dollars for a steerage ticket. 

We left New York on the 24th of February. My 
berth was away down in the lower regions of the 
steamer, , but by the third night it was warm enough 
to sleep on deck, rolled in blankets, which I did for the 
rest of the trip. The steamer, the "Georgia," had as 
many- — probably more — passengers as the law allowed. 
Food of all kinds was cooked by the barrel, and it 
didn't come out in a condition to invite. Often I 
passed through the mess room without taking more 
than a bite of what looked best, but I had a box of 
food with me and got along fairly well. Such fare 
wouldn't have seemed quite so bad to me after I had 
been in this state two or three years. 

In due course of time we reached Havana, and at 
the same time the ''Ohio" reached there with a load of 
passengers from New Orleans. Both steamers had 
all , the . passengers allowed, but at Havana all were 
tal^en upon the "Ohio" for the Isthmus. And such a 
crqwd as there was! It was a jam upon decks and 
between decks and under decks. The cooks and wait- 
ers, were, kept "on the jump" from early morning till 

5S History of Unity, Maine 

late at night to provide two meals a day. The first 
mess would be called in quite early in the morning, 
and it would be ten or eleven at night before the last 
mess had its second meal. 

I think we were eight or nine days from New York 
to the Isthmus. At Aspinwall (now Colon) the rail- 
road had been finished for about fourteen miles, at 
which point it reached the river, so, for the purpose of 
making a little easy money for the road, we were land- 
ed at Aspinwiall. The fare for this ride on flat cars, 
with no seats, was five dollars. At one place where 
a stop was made for water, the engine could not start 
the train without help, and I was one of a number who 
got off to help boost. 

When we reached the river, we found flat-bottomed 
boats with a capacity of from six to twenty. They 
were propelled by natives, standing upon the board 
walk on each side of the boat. In places where there 
was considerable current, the natives would jump off 
and push the boat along. Clad in the snug-fitting, 
waterproof garments provided by nature, the water 
being warm, they experienced no discomfort. 

The end of boat navigation was at Gcrgona, from 
which place one could proceed by "foot and walker's 
line," by jack or mule back, or be carried by natives. 
The four of us hired three jacks, upon one of which 
we packed our blankets and extra clothing, and took 
turns in riding the others. 

Arriving at Panama, we found two steamers, "The 
Panama" and "The Isthmus," waiting for us. Our 
party was taken out to "The Panama," a mile or more 
from the shore. "The Isthmus" started several hours 
ahead of us, and we saw no more of her until we were 
making the Golden Gate. Heavy drafts were made 
upon our fuel, so a stop was made at San Diego — then 

History of Unity, Maine 59 

a sleepy little hamlet, now preparing for a World's 
Fair in 1915. 

On the morning of April 1, "The Isthmus" was 
sighted, apparently a little in advance, though being 
outside, she was no nearer San Francisco than we. It 
soon became evident that a race was on between the 
two steamers. The passengers were made to keep in 
position to maintain an even keeL Fuel was wanting, 
and partitions and bulkheads were knocked down and 
fed to the furnaces. Our steamer had a little the 
advantage, but so little that the passengers were land- 
ed at the same time. 

I recall here one sad event on the way up. A mon- 
key had been chained on the upper deck. One day a 
passenger was having a little sport with him, stepping 
back when the monkey jumped at him. There was an 
airshaft leading to the engine room far below. In 
retreating, the man went down the shaft and was 
taken up dead. Nothing could be found upon him by 
which to learn his name or home; so I suppose that 
somewhere there was a long waiting for tidings that 
never came from the victim of this tragedy. 

But here I am at last in San Francisco. 

Chas. E. Taber. 


Members of Governor's Council 
Joseph Farwell, Reuben Files. 

State Senators 
Hezekiah Chase, Amander Rackliff, Samuel S. 
Berry, James R. Taber. 

Representatives to the Legislature 
Ruf us Burnham, Frederick Stevens, Lemuel Bart- 

60 History of Unity, Maine 

lett,. Thomas Fowler, Seth Thompson, James B. Murch, 
Hale Parkhurst, Eli Vickery, James Connor, Abram 
Cookson, William Taber, James Fowler, Jr.,. Alfred 
Berry, John T. Main, M. D., James H, Cook, Ruel M. 
Berry, J^sse E. Cook, M. D. 

■ '" County Commissioner 

Crosby Fowler. 

•...,. Deputy Sheriffs . 

Peter Jackson, S. S. Berry, Alfred Berry, Augustus 
Fogg, Frank Mussey, James A. Adams, Joseph H. 

Plantation and Town Clerks 
Abner Knowles, Robert Jackson, S. S. Berry, Chen- 
^ry Broad, Benj. Chandler, James Patterson, Gorham 
Hamilton, J. F. Parkhurst, Alfred Berry, Benj. Fogg, 
Nv B;. Parkhurst, A. R. Myrick, D. W. Parkhurst, 
Charles ' Taylor, Mott Cates, J. H. Cook, E. P. Blanch- 
ard, E. D. Chase. 

• ' : Selectmen 

Jacob L. Ames, Lemuel Bartlett, Rufus Burnham, 
S. S. Berry, Benj. Bartlett, R. M. Berry, Jefferson 
Bartlett, F. A. Bartlett, Walter Bessey, Hezekiah 
CJiase, John Carll, Richard Cornf orth, Otis Cornforth, 
B.' F. Chase, Nelson Dingley, Crosby Fowler, James 
Fowler, Jr., Benj. Fogg, Joseph Farwell, Joseph H. 
Farwell, A. W. Fletcher, C. R. Jones, A. J. Hurd, B. R. 
Hunt, E. B. Hunt, Newell Harding, Walter Hurd, Peter 
Jackson, James Libby, Jr., James W. Libby, Raymond 
McManus, Edmund Murch, D. R. McGray, L. H. Mosh- 
er, W; H. J. Moulton,- John Murch, Ellsha Mosher, Ruel 
Mussey, Ansel Perkins, John Perley, N. B. Parkhili'st, 
H. B. Rackliff, Amander Rackliff, Edwin Rand, E. T. 
Reynolds, Edward Rand, B. B. Rackliff, Frederick 

History of Unity, Maine 6l 

Stevens, Alonzo Small, Daniel Small, E. S. Stevens, R. 
R. Spinney, Joseph Stevens, Chas. Stevens, William 
Taber, J. A. Thompson, Daniel Whitmore, B. J. Woods, 
Wesley Woods, Eli Vickery, Nelson Vickery, John Vick- 
ery, George Varney. 

■ ' -i ' ■ i Treasurers . ■ ,.iH.->J''f ■,' i 

- Benj. Bartlett, Hale Parkhurst, Seth Thompson, 
Josiah Harmon, H. B, Rackliff, J. R. Taber, Benj'. Fogg, 
T. H. Parkhurst, J. H. Damon, B. B. Whitney, Ghag. 
Taylor, L. H. Mosher, E. B. Hunt, E. E. McGausliri, 
J. H. Farwell, L. J. Stevens, R. G. Whitak^r. ■ ' - ; 

School Superintendents '. \ 

John T. Main, M. D., N. B. Parkhurst, John Gilman, 
Glara Vickery, James Craig, M. D,, James Taber, 
James Libby, Jr., A. R. Murch, W. G. Fuller, George 
Fletcher, T. 0. Knight, Myra Libby, E. M. Soule, G. 
M. Whitney, M. D., D. V. Rollins, Joseph Farwell, H. 
B. Arey, Arthur E. Irish. 

School Committees 
Hezekiah Ghase, Peter Jackson, William McGray, 
Asa Jones, Ghenery Broad, R. W. Murch, J. F. Fer- 
nald, B. B. Stevens, John T. Main, M. D., E. K. Boyle, 
Rev. E. H. Prescott, Alvano Lowell, Otis Gornforth, 
G. S. Gook, John Stewart, John Perley, George Grant, 
J. E. Gook, M. D., E. D. Ghase, Harry Waning^ T. 0. 
Knight, J. B. Vickery, G. L. Gannett, E. M. Soule. 

Postmasters ' : 

Lemuel Bartlett, , Apr. 1, 1807 

Daniel Whitmore, Oct. 10, 1815 

Rufps Burnham, Jan. 23,1829 

Hiram Whitehouse, July 13, 1841 

Joseph B. Gilkey, July 29, 1845 

James G. Patterson, Apr. 9, 1849 

62 History of Unity, Maine 

James B. Murch, July 29, 1853 

J. F. Parkhurst, June 15, 1858 

Alfred Berry, Aug. 31, 1861 

James R. Taber, Dec. 13, 1865 

Clement R. Taber, July 15, 1867 

Josiah Harmon, Dec. 7, 1868 

L. H. V/hitaker, June 15, 1874 

I. F. Carter, June 30, 1875 

H. B. Rice, Mar. 17, 1880 

James R. Taber, Nov. 24, 1885 

H. C. Chandler, Mar. 27, 1889 

Robert B. Cookson, Aug. 17, 1893 

James R. Taber, May 31, 1895 

Edgar T. Whitehouse, Oct. 17, 1914 

Abner Knowles, Rufus Burnham, John Milliken, 
Parker, Alexander Boothby, Stephen Boothby, 

John Cook, West, Henry Hamilton, 

Dunlap, Loring Brown, John T. Main, Austin Thomas, 
J. M. Mussey, B. B. Whitney, C. L. McCurdy, James 
Craig, H. F. Benson, 0. L. Emerson, C. M. Whitney, 
J. E. Cook, H. L. Truworthy, P. W. Whitaker. 

W. G. Fuller, E. P. Blanchard, E. M. Soule. 

Albert Bingham, Mr. Dinsmore, Samuel Benson, 
William Weeks, J. F. Fernald, James B. Murch, E. K. 
Boyle, A. F. Watson, James Libby, Jr. 

Methodist Ministers 

Thos. Perry, John Atwell (1817), Sullivan Bray 

(1820), Benj. Bryant, Eliot Fletcher (1828), Peter 

Burgess, Rufus Day, Cyrus Scammon, Theodore Hill, 

Geo. Pratt, James Hutchinson, John Benson, John Pin- 

History of Unity, Maine 63 

gree, Isaac Moore, Gould Elliot, Kendrick Meservey, 
Mace Clough, Otis Jenkins, Josiah Brown, Wm. Bray, 
Levi Shaw, John Marsh, Henry Blood, Isaac Roberts, 
Phineas Higgins, Nelson Whitney, Rufus Dixon, Chas. 
Knowlton, John Simonton, Moses Miller, Alonzo Clif- 
ford, Gustavus Chadwick, Wm. Clifford, Edmund Tun- 
nicliff, James Morelan, John Bennett, Seth Beal, Wil- 
son Lermond, Thos. Wright, Willis Meservey, Mr. 
Dodge, Wm. Baker, Mr. Merrill, Edv/in Burriil, Willis 
Luce, Chas. Ross, Erastus Wall, B. H. Tucker, James 
Ainslee, Wm. Snow. 


Eastern State Normal School 
James E. Kelly, Herbert L. Rand, Harry Moore, 
Ethel Clark, Mabel A. Bacon, Marietta Bacon, Joseph 
Farwell, Thos. Knight. 

Bridgewater Normal School 
Herbert L. Rand. 

Bates College 
George C. Chase, J. Aubery Chase, F. Wallace 
Chase, George B. Files, Fred J. Chase, Chas. Rose- 
land, Harold Roseland. 

Boston University 
James E. Kelly (Law School). 
Vivian H. Taber (post-graduate work at Columbia 
University) . 

Bowdoin College 
Frank L. Dingley, Granville C. Waterman, Stephen 
Boothby, Herbert Chase, Albert Winslow Paine, Wil- 
liam Spinney, James Craig (Med.), B. Bartlett Whit- 
ney (Med.), Clarendon M. Whitney (Med.). 

64 H i s t 7' y of Unity, Maine 

Colby College 
George Snell, Chas. Chase, Chas. Foster, Solomon 
Hunt, William Lincoln Jones, Benj. Fowler, E. Kelly^ 
Herbert Kelly, Austin Thomas, Asa Jones, Albert 

Da7'tmouth College - ; : 

Nelson Dingley, Jr., Ephraim Murch, 2d^ Jeese.E. 
Cook (Med.). I- :; ., ■ ,.«,.fj .,,7/ .,..}..<[ 

Leland Stanford Universitif ■ ' 
Stillman S. Berry (post-graduate work at Har- 
vard). ... , ,j^ 

University Of Maine 
Wesley Webb, Joseph Rackliff, Curtis Boyce Mit- 
chell, Benj. W. Blanchard, Maurice D. Jones, Lynn 
Rand, Philip Grant. 

New York Medical College * 

Alexander Boothby. 

Oxford University, England '■ ■ ' 
Eliza J. Perley (also studied in France and Ger- 
many) . 

Tufts College , - 

Harry L. Truworthy (Med.) ' 

Wellesley College 
Sybil Berry. l 

Yale University 
P. W. Whitaker. 

Baltimore Dental College 
Ellery P. Blanchard, E. M. Soule. ' . 

Harvard Dental College 
Arthur Rand. 

History of Unity, Maine 65 


The first store in "The Settlement" was owned by- 
Chandler Hopkins. In the village, Isaac Adams and 
Thomas Chandler traded where Jack Van Deets lives, 
and Allen Taber where Mrs. L. H. Mosher's store now 
is. They were the first traders in the village. Then 
came the following: E. K. Ada, J. A. Adams, C. A. 
Adams, Henry Baker, Alfred Berry, S. S. Berry, J, 
S. Either, Gustavus Broad, Thos. Chandler, W. R. 
Chandler, A. H. Clark, H. M. Clark, Sanford Colson, 
T. B. Cook, Thos. Cornforth, John Crie, Nelson Ding- 
ley, A. L. Estes, Henry Farwell, Joseph Farwell, Jo- 
seph Gilkey, George E. Grant, H. H. Grant, Moses 
Hanson, B. F. Harmon, Josiah Harmon, Fred Hunt, 
Asa Howe, Karam Brothers, Henry Kelly, Ansel 
Kelly, Samuel Kelly, George E. Linkfield, E. E. Mc- 
Causlin, C. E. Mitchell, C. B. Mitchell, L. H. Mosher, 
A. R. Myrick, James G. Patterson, J. F. Parkhurst, 
Benj. Pattie, John RackliflF, Willard Rand, Frank Rice, 
J. S. Rollins, Thos. Snell, Daniel Spring, Harry 
Steams, Benj. Stevens, Jr., Allen Taber, Clement R. 
Taber, James R. Taber, Chas. Taylor, Edgar Tolman, 
N. D. Webb, Robert Webb, L. H. Whitaker, F. A. 
Whitehouse, E. T. Whitehouse, Hiram Whitehouse, 
Elijah Winslow, Nelson Vickery, N. W. Vickery, Vol- 
ney Vickery, John A. Van Deets. 

Station Agents 
Alfred Berry, G. Fred Terry, Harry Walker, Fred 
A. Whitehouse, E. T. Whitehouse, Mr. Files, H. M. 
Gregory, Beverley Robinson. 

Insurance Agents 

Chas. Taylor, Chas. Stevens, George Taylor, Lynn 

66 History of Unity, Maine 

Sarah Colbroth, Susan and Hannah Sturgis, Mrs. 
Heman Fowler, Mrs. Rhoda Mitchell, Lydia Harmon, 
Mrs. Nellie Turner, Mrs. G. E. Linkfield, Mrs. Lucre- 
tia Moulton, Mrs. L. H. Mosher, Mrs. Lottie Nutter, 
Caroline Fuller, Sonnie Mallett, Mrs. E. M. Soule, 
Lelia Smith, Mrs. Ethel Whitehouse. 


R. B. Stone, Benj. Fogg, Otis and Daniel Starkey, 
Thorndike Blethen, Nathaniel Rice, Bryant and Amos 
Moore, John Chase, W. N. Woodsum, James Myrick, 
Asa Jones, Joseph Small, 0. J. Whitten, Lewis Thomp- 


Chenery Broad, Fred Burrill, Isaac Avery, Miller 
Munroe, Joseph Munroe, David Dyer, George Sher- 
man, B. T. March, Chas. Means, William Gerrish, 
Chas. Graffam, Chas. Stroples, D. H. Davis. 

Call, N. C. Knight, H. M. Clark. 

John Van Deets, Archie ToTzier, Lewis Thompson, 
Frank L. Tozier, C. A. Adams. 

The following items concerning men who have 
gone out from our town to make places for themselves 
in a larger world, and who have met with unusual 
success, may be of interest: 


But few of the present generation are aware that 
the well-known Brackett family once lived in Unity. 

History of Unity, Maine 


Their home was where Chas. S. Cook now lives. Mr. 
Reuben Bracket! married Elizabeth Starkey of Vassal- 
boro. Being members of the Friends' Society, they 
settled near that church. That Mr. Brackett was es- 
teemed and acknowledged a leader among his friends, 
is corroborated by the fact that there are those still 
living who remember hearing their parents quote him 
as authority on matters under discussion. 

Besides the work on his farm, he manufactured 
clocks and oilcloth carpets, and was the first man in 
the United States to use rubber on fabrics. He had a 
family of four sons and one daughter. Edward Au- 
gustus was chairman of the Fish Commission of Massa- 
chusetts for thirty-five years. Col. Gustavus B. was 
colonel of an Iowa regiment during the Civil War and 
head of the Pomological Department of Agriculture, 
Washington, D. C, for fifteen years. Walter M. is 
the greatest painter of fish in America. When you 
visit the House of Representatives in Boston and look 
at the historic codfish hanging in their hall, remember 
that the finishing touches upon it show the skill of 
Walter M. Brackett. 

I have visited Mr. Brackett several times in his 
studio. He is now over ninety years old, but he does 
not look it, and is, he says, perfectly well. He gives 
one a cordial greeting, which seems to come from his 
heart, A man of sterling character, strong in his 
friendships, he attracts to him many friends. That 
my readers may know the estimation in which he is 
held by those who have known him many years, I give 
a letter written by Edgar Aldrich, judge of the United 
States Court of Appeals, which he gave me permission 
to use: 

68 History of Unity, Maine 

Judge Aldrich's Letter 

United States Courts 


Boston, April 21, 1913. 
Mr. Frederick H. Mills, 

Secretary of the Boston Art Club, 
Boston, Massachusetts. 

Dear Mr. Mills: 

My heart is broken because I find myself obliged 
to go away, and because I cannot be present at the 
complimentary dinner to be given by the Boston Art 
Club to Walter Brackett, in celebration and in honor 
of his coming 90th birthday. A complimentary din- 
ner to a man of ninety "whom time in passing has for- 
gotten to make old" — a complimentary dinner to a man 
who has painted "to immortality" — is something which 
ought not to be missed. But, alas! alas! 

Mr. Brackett is one of those rare men whose lot it 
has been to touch manifold things, and sweetly to 
adorn everything he has touched ; the course of his life 
stretches across a broad field of social and industrial 
development and change, yet through it all he has 
scattered only sunshine and sweet flavor. His life 
has been full of helpful good cheer, happy generosities, 
and glorious optimisms. 

Whether beneficent graces are born with the man, 
or whether they are acquired, Walter Brackett has 
used them most graciously, and while helping himself 
to a hanpier life, he has spread their sunny influence 
upon all who have been fortunate enough to know him, 
and have companionship with him. 

While he has toiled with the brush, his inspiration, 
his impulse, his genius, and his skilful touch have 
given life and energy to convas. 

History of Unity, Maine 69 

He has made the beauties that grace the seas, the 
world's forest streams, and its silvery lakes, grace and 
adorn the homes, and entrance the lives of admiring 
men, women and children. 

Still, because truth must be told, it must be said 
that Walter Brackett's salmon sometimes disturb the 
poise of those who look upon them. They are so full 
of life and energy that admiration is often startled 
by the sudden fear that they may dart away to their 
natural haunts, and find a hiding place under the 
shelving rocks of some deep, dark pool of the rushing 
mountain waters. 

While we admire Walter Brackett's creations, in 
the field of art, for their richness and beauty, we 
admire the man the more for the richness, the sim- 
plicity, and the beauty of his life. Whether he talks 
to you of the closer and sweeter companionships of 
life — the acme of art — the sports of the woods, the 
streams, and the seas — the reposeful life of the camp, 
in the forests, under the starlit blue skies of the north 
— the magic spell of the wondrous eloquence of Inger- 
soU — the strangeness, and the mysteries, of the ca- 
prices of Rufus Choate, or of Edwin Booth — or of 
Webster and his cavernous eyes, and his stately walk 
as he appeared upon the streets of Boston — ^he is ever 
a man of fascinating interest. 

He is happy and safe in his ninety years; and he 
has made this world better by living in it. He will 
brighten the broader sphere when he enters there, yet 
may his years here be many and happy. 

With affection and esteem for Mr. Brackett, I 

Sincerely yours, 

Edgar Aldrich. 

70 History of Unity, Maine 


Nearly eighty years ago, Mr. Nelson Dingley of 
Durham, Maine, moved into this town, and at once 
took a prominent place in town affairs. He purchased 
the place now known as the Methodist parsonage, and 
built the store now owned by C. Boyce Mitchell, where 
he engaged in trade. 

He had at that time one son. Nelson Dingley, Jr., 
who afterward made a name for himself in the polit- 
ical life of his state and country. He graduated from 
Dartmouth College in 1855, edited the Lewiston 
Journal for twenty years, served in the legislature 
(1862-73), was elected governor in 1874, and elected 
to Congress in 1881. He was chairman of the Ways 
and Means Committee. His name survives in the 
Dingley Tariff Bill, passed in 1897. 

Frank Lambert Dingley, brother of Nelson, Jr., 
was born in Unity, Maine. He is a graduate of Bow- 
doin College, and is the present editor of the Lewiston 


Members of the Chase family, as has been men- 
tioned earlier, were among our earliest settlers. Wil- 
liam Chase, 1st, and Mary, his wife, came to America 
with Governor Winthrop in 1630 and settled in Rox- 
bury, Mass. One of his descendants, Stephen Chase, 
5th, born in Durham, Maine, and his wife, Hannah 
Blethen, born in Swansea, Mass., came to Unity in 
1782. They raised a family of ten children, three 
boys and seven girls, nearly all of whom settled in 
Unity. Descendants of the Chase family have always 
remained with us as men respected and influential. 
George C. Chase, born in this town, is now the presi- 
dent of Bates College, a man well known in the educa- 
tional circles of New England. 

History of Unity, Maine 71 


Among the older people, the name of Doctor Main 
is always spoken with respect, and they will tell you 
at once that he was not only a fine physician, but a 
gentleman of the first order, whose influence was 
always toward the uplifting of all with whom he came 
in contact. For a number of years he was the only 
doctor in Unity, where he had a large practice. 

Dr. Main was born in Albion, May 25, 1831. By 
the law of heredity, young Main, whose father was a 
teacher as well as a farmer, showed an aptitude for 
study. He taught school in Freedom and Thomaston, 
and was sent to China Academy, to the Medical Col- 
lege at Castleton, Vermont, and finally to Harvard, 
where he was a private tutor. He was for some years 
a private pupil of Oliver Wendell Holmes, giving 
special attention to microscopy. He married Miss 
Ferrie Williams and settled in Unity. They had one 
son. Dr. Frederick W. Main of Jackson, Michigan. 

During the Civil War, Dr. Main served as assistant 
surgeon in the Second Maine Regiment. In 1872 he 
went to Jackson, Michigan, where he became one of 
the well-known physicians of central Michigan. He 
belonged to the Masonic Fraternity and was also a 
member of the G. A. R. 


In early times the stretch of water lying to the 
northwest of Unity Village was called the "Twenty- 
five Mile Pond," because of its distance from Fort 
Halifax. During the childhood of the older citizens 
and up to fairly recent times, it was designated by 
the simple name of "Unity Pond." It was a good fish- 
ing ground on dull days when there chanced to be 

72 History of Unity, Maine 

spare time, and the pond lilies attracted in the summer 
season, but no one guessed the possibilities hidden 
away in its blue depths and pine groves for many 
years. In later years this piece of water has been 
called "Lake Winnecook." 

The lake is seven miles long and three miles wide. 
It is bounded by the towns of Unity, Troy and Burn- 
ham, Unity lymg on the south and easterly sides. 
The section of land beyond the cemetery, extending 
into the lake toward Burnham, was named "The Horse- 
back," the extreme north end was called "The Point." 
At some seasons of the year, the water is very low 
between this and the Burnham shore, and used to be 
forded by a few daring ones like Ephraim Braley. 
Near the end of "The Horseback" was the Indian bur- 
ial ground. Before the railroad was built, this was 
one of the finest sections of land to be found. 

The lake was well stocked with shad and alewives 
before dams were built on the rivers. I have heard 
old people say that when the wind was northerly, the 
fish would be driven into the cove in such numbers 
that one could take a basket and dip them up. Gibbs 
Tilton was very fond of fishing ; his favorite place was 
the deep hole near the northeast end of "The Horse- 
back." The boys envied Uncle Gibbs his skill, for he 
always had a good catch. Some of the boys — and I 
think Editor Dingley was one of them — used to say 
that his luck was caused by the spitting of tobacco 
juice on the bait. As a fisherman, he was followed 
by "Didymus" Thompson, who had great luck in catch- 
ing pickerel. 

Soon after the railroad was built, considerable ice 
was cut in the lake for shipment, but owing to the cost 
of transportation, the work was given up, and now only 
enough for local consumption is harvested. 

History of Unity, Maine 73 

There was a time when George Fred Terry, F. A. 
Whitehouse, Albert Bacon and others were greatly- 
interested in iceboating, but that has passed. 

The lake is now a great pleasure resort in summer. 
Cottages have been built on its shores, motorboats 
may be seen conveying summer visitors across the lake, 
while on smaller boats the young of both sexes exhibit 
their skill in capturing the wily bass, the elusive pick- 
erel and the pretty little perch with which these 
waters abound. 


Camp Winnecook for boys is under the direction 
cf Herbert L. Rand, principal of the Training School, 
State Normal School, Salem, Mass. The camp was 
established in 1903, and ranks high among camps for 

I quote from Mr. Rand's booklet: 

"This camp has one of the most beautiful and 
healthful locations to be found in New England. The 
lake is seven miles long and three miles wide. Its 
water is as clear as crystal and as pure as spring 
water. The camp occupies a tract of twenty-five acres 
of fine forest, having a westerly slope to the water's 

The purpose of this camp is to develop in its boys 
a worthy character, to make them sound and vigorous 
of body and mind, to weave their days into a larger 
})attern, and draw the outline of a more self-reliant 
type of boy. 


This park is situated upon the east shore of Lake 
Winnecook, one mile from Unity Village. It was pur- 

74 History of Unity, Maine 

chased from Eben F. Thompson by the Unity Lake 
Land and Improvement Association, and covers thirty 
acres. One-half of the lot is covered with noble pines, 
and thrifty cedar and fir trees, making it one of the 
healthiest spots to be found — an ideal resting place. 

For eleven years, James R. Taber was president 
and general manager of the association. When he 
took charge, there was no water upon the place. A 
meeting of the stockholders was called to see what 
action they would take about piping water from a 
spring which they owned, about one-half mile distant. 
Authority was given to do this work. Capt. Chas. 
Baker, James R. Taber and L. H. Mosher were placed 
in charge. The job cost $700.00. 

Hon. A. J. Billings, then a member of the State 
Senate, took some of the water to the State Board of 
Health at Augusta for analysis. Doctor Billings re- 
ceived the following letter: 
Hon. A. J. Bilhngs, 

Senate Chamber, 

Augusta, Maine. 
Dear Sir: On a separate sheet herein enclosed, I 
give the figures obtained in the analysis of the sample 
of water sent by Mr. Libby, February 25. The result 
shows no evidence of polluting matter, and there is 
almost complete absence of all organic matter. It is 
a good and pure water for drinking purposes, with a 
medium degree of hardness. 

Yours truly, 

A. G. Young, Secretary. 

Analysis of Spring Water at Windemere Park 

Silica 48.15 ; alumina 32.5 ; magnesia 10.14 ; proto- 
prid of mangonese 0.28 ; protoprid of iron 7.92 ; water 
0.5, equals 99.49. 

History of Unity, Maine 75 

The Clough Veteran Association, G. A. R., have a 
large memorial hall at Windemere, built in 1896, where 
the veterans of the G. A. R. and their friends meet 
annually on the 13th of August for a reunion. Gor- 
ham Clough gave liberally for the building of this hall, 
ably assisted by the Hon. A. J. Billings of Freedom. 

Windemere Lodge and Cottages: The Park hotel, 
a commodious and attractive building, well fitted up 
for the convenience and pleasure of summer visitors, 
is under the management of Norman J. Merrill. 
Eighteen or twenty cottages, some under the hotel 
managenient, others owned .',by private individuals, 
are filled each summer with visitors. 

Along the shore, both to the north and south of Win- 
demere, are the summer homes, both of our own citi- 
zens and of those who came to us as strangers, but 
who in their long sojourn with us have been adopted 
as friends. 


On July 4, 1904, Unity celebrated her one hun- 
dredth birthday. A few days later, the following 
account was printed in one of our dailies. As it con- 
tains all details, I give it exactly as it then appeared. 

The one hundredth anniversary of the incorpora- 
tioA.of the town of Unity, and the one hundred and 
twenty-eighth of the signing of the Declaration of 
Independence, was observed Monday by a celebration 
such as has seldom been seen within the boundaries of 
Waldo county. 

Gurney A. Stevens was marshal of the day, with 
George B. Pillsbury, Arthur Rand, and W. S. Libby 
as aids. 

76 History of Unity, Maine 

On all the committees the names of leading citizens 
were placed. Hon. James R. Taber was chosen presi- 
dent, and has labored faithfully to this end. This 
gentleman has been a member of the State Senate for 
two terms, and has held the positions of superin- 
tendent of town schools and postmaster for almost 
twenty unbroken years. He is president of the Winde- 
mere Park Association, church trustee, and holds other 
important positions in the town and society affairs. 
To the present affair he has brought ripe judgment 
and unflagging zeal, and now has the pleasure of 
knowing that his labors have not been in vain. 

Another indefatigable worker in this celebration 
has been Dr. J. E. Cook, of the school board, and one 
of the prominent physicians of Waldo county. Upon 
the shoulders of this gentleman has fallen a large 
share of the burdens of the day, and he has been a 
powerful factor in its success. As chairman of the 
entertainment committee, he has had full charge of 
getting up the parade, and this feature alone has been 
worth going miles to see. Never has anything of a 
like nature been undertaken on so great a scale here 
before, and never has anything been carried out with 
such perfect success in every detail. 

The other committees were as follows: Recep- 
tion, L. H. Mosher, chairman. Dr. W. G. Fuller, C. E. 
Mitchell, Crosby Fowler and George Mosher. With 
each of these gentlemen were associated their wives, 
and to their tact and diplomacy much of the success of 
this committee was due. 

The committee on music was made up of F. M. 
Fairbanks, E. D. Chase and Dr. E. M. Soule. All the 
affairs connected with printing and advertising were 
conducted by E. D. Chase, Dr. C. M. Whitney and F. 
A. Whitehouse. 

History of Unity, Maine 77 

Not least among these various committees was the 
one on fireworks, and this was composed of J. A. Ad- 
ams, L. S. Knights and Dr. E. M. Soule. These com- 
mitteemen had to arrange a vast amount of details, as 
anyone who has ever got up one of these celebrations 
must know. They did it, however, and they did it well. 

The procession was led by the marshal, mounted, 
followed by the Second Regiment band of Belfast, 
numbering 21 pieces. N.ext came the town officers, 
special guests and old residents in carriages. 

The first float was an allegorical representation of 
"Liberty." The goddess was represented by Miss 
Edna Whitten, and she was attended by twenty-five 
young ladies, all dressed in white. 

Lyle Stevens and Miss Isador Stevens, representing 
George and Martha Washington, followed, mounted. 

The float following had for its subject, "An Old- 
fashioned Kitchen." Howard Taylor drove, accom- 
panied by Clifford Whitten. 

Next in line came Freedom Lodge, K. of P., 16 
men, and a small delegation from Burnham Lodge. 

A feature of the parade was a decorated pony 
cart driven by Master Borden Granger. 

Following this was a float advertising Sprague's 
fly killer, driven by E. B. Moulton. 

Next in line came several antiquated vehicles. F. 
A. Bartlett drove a rig of the style of 1776. He was 
accompanied by Miss Thompson in antiquarian cos- 
tume. In addition to the time-worn condition of the 
wagon, the style was also followed in respect to the 
harness, which had wooden hames without the collar. 
J. S. Rollins drove an outfit, the carriage dating from 
1804, while Crosby Fowler and John M. Thompson 
rode in a one-horse phaeton built in 1838. Mr. 

78 History of Unity, Maine 

Thompson is the oldest man in Unity, being in his 
75th year. In contrast, A. H. Winters of Waterville 
and C. E. Stevens drove up-to-date turnouts. 

Considerable interest was aroused by the exhibit 
of the Portland Packing Company, on whose float was 
a miniature corn shop in full operation. 

The fact that the occasion was a patriotic one was 
emphasized by the presence of the members of the 
G. A. R., led by a drum corps. Some were on foot 
and others were in carriages. Unity's contribution to 
the list of the preservers of the Union was a generous 
one, but the number of survivors is rapidly decreasing. 

The Twentieth Century Kitchen" was a fine exhibit 
furnished by Adams & Knight. Not only did it show 
the full equipment, but also the busy housewife was 
present to add human interest to the display. 

The first duty of the Maine pioneers after they had 
felled the trees, uprooted the stumps and removed the 
boulders was plowing the ground, and this was ably 
illustrated by E. E. Getchell and A. J. Harding. Two 
pairs of oxen, driven by the former, pulled a plow in 
the hands of the latter. The costumes were true to 
life, and the accessories corresponded well. The plow 
was of the type of 1798. The same scheme of con- 
trast which was followed elsewhere in the parade here 
held sway. Directly behind appeared the latest thing 
in plows, a "nobby" article, drawn by one horse. This 
latter exhibit was furnished by B. R. Hunt & Son. 

The Sunny Vale Farm, J. H. Ames, proprietor, and 
the Crescent Shore Farm, Wilbur E. Reynolds, propri- 
etor, furnished respectively a harrow and a potato 
planter, both of the newest type. A sprayer, drawn 
by one horse, was exhibited by George Webb. 

History of Unity, Maine 79 

Much admiration was aroused by the fancy grocery 
exhibit of L. H. Mosher. 

A fine appearance was presented by Invictus Lodge, 
No. 38, I. O. 0. F., which had 41 men in line. The 
centennial year will be marked by still another event, 
when in September their fine new hall, now in process 
of erection, will be dedicated. 

Considerable laughter was occasioned along the 
line by an ox team with clowns in black faces. The 
driver was George Braley, and the following were the 
members of the chorus that sang along the route: 
Mont Lassell, Benjamin Jones, Milton Lovejoy, Bertie 
Braley, Ralph E. Reynolds, Oramendal Braley, E. W. 
Reynolds and R. B. Hillman. 

More farm machinery followed. A horse hay-fork 
was displayed by E. M. Jones. Leslie Bennett carried 
a scythe and an old-fashioned short-tined hay-fork. 
Frank Harding drove a mowing machine for B. R. 
Hunt & Son, Paul Ames a tedder and Wilbur C. Nutt 
a hay-rake for the same firm. 

A hayrack load of school children from various 
parts of the town was chaperoned by Miss Grace Bart- 
lett, one of the teachers. 

Miss Lelia Smith drove a rig that caused many a 
pleased exclamation from onlookers. The carriage 
was prettily decorated with daisies, the color scheme 
being yellow and white. Her companion was Miss 
Edith Frost. 

C. C. Fowler's creamery exhibit wlas driven by 
Herbert Whitten. 

Green and white was the color scheme of the dec- 
orations displayed by Miss Grace Pendleton and Miss 
Ellen Reynolds. Daisies were used to advantage, and 
the effect was very pleasing. 

80 History of Unity, Maine 

To the interest of the parade from the manufac- 
turers' standpoint, W. H. J. Moulton & Son contributed 
largely. Their exhibit was a dray load of spool bars, 
shingles, laths and clapboards. 

Herbert Mitchell was the driver of a float bearing 
an old-fashioned flax pounder and wheel and a rag- 
carpet loom. 

A squad of reapers with sickles was next in order. 
They were Rufus C. Danforth, J. H. West, William 
Hamlin and James Dickey. Following came a Mc- 
Cormick reaper, driven by George Mosher. 

The Unity band appeared in black face, but ren- 
dered some lively selections, nothwithstanding. The 
driver of their float was Herbert West, and the mem- 
bers of the band who participated were Harry West, 
Frank Tozier, Frank Ross, Luville Whitten, Dr. Soule, 
Shepard Shute and Seth Pendleton. 

A unique feature of the parade was an "automo- 
bile." It was a home-made affair. From the rear 
projected a pair of shafts, and in these a horse was 
fastened. George Parsons steered the outfit, while 
Ernest Hogg gave attention to the source of motive 

The following, dressed as clowns, occupied the float 
representing the old-fashioned trades from Unity 
Plantation : Perley Getchell, Arthur Marr, Mott Rey- 
nolds, James Bacon, James Brown, George Bickford, 
Irving Ryant, F. W. Danforth, H. C. Stover, Herbert 
Cook and Robert Styles. 

Next in order came a well-mounted troupe of 
"rough riders," as follows: Warren Spinney, Fitz: 
Hamilton, Lynne Stevens, Edwin Webb, Everett Jones, 
Arthur Goodrich, C. A. Means, A. W. Spaulding, Nel- 

History of Unity, Maine 81 

son Rackliffe, Delmont Gerry, C. W. Willey, H. L. 
Waning, C. A. Harding, N. W. Pushor. 

"The Barge of State" was a prettily decorated float 
occupied by twenty-eight girls. J. A. Winters was 
the driver. 

Six boys constituted the Unity juvenile fire depart- 
ment, and they were thoroughly equipped with a hand- 
tub, hose and a ladder. 

The last, but not by any means the least, amusing 
feature of the parade was A. L. Bennett in diabolical 
costume, bearing the legend, "And the devil came 

Such was the great parade, which was witnessed 
by fully 2000 persons. It was not a mere agglomera- 
tion of haphazard contrivances, but it showed through- 
out a plan that had been carefully executed. All praise 
is due the indefatigable members of the various com- 
mittees and the participants. 

The literary exercises came at 1.30 P. M. The 
crowd, now greatly increased, gathered on the Central 
House grounds, where the speakers were to make 
their addresses. Hon. J. R. Taber presided, and called 
on the local pastor, Mr. C. H. Ross, for prayer. Pres- 
ident Taber then gave the historical address, which 
was followed by President Chase's address and the 
reading of the Centennial Poem. 


Read at the Unity Centennial by 
Hon. James R. Taber 

Ladies and Gentlemen: 

We have gathered today to commemorate the one 
hundredth anniversary of the founding of our town. 
One hundred years of continuous growth and contin- 

82 History of Unity, Maine 

uous prosperity lie behind us. In 1804, the primeval 
forest stood here undisturbed save where, here and 
there, some hardy settler had made a clearing for his 
home. In 1904 a prosperous town has taken its place. 

As we recalled the past, as we recalled that from 
which we have developed, it seemed fitting that we 
should celebrate our progrss and that we should invite 
to rejoice with us those who are interested in the 
present development of the town, and those who also 
knew it in its earlier days. 

You have responded loyally to the summons, and, 
in the name of the citizens of Unity, I welcome you 
here today. Come to our homes — they stand open to 
you ; appeal to our hospitality — you will not find it 
lacking; visit the scenes of your childhood — ^you will 
be welcome. 

You are our guests. It is our pleasure to make 
you feel that you have indeed come home ; that the old 
town welcomes back her sons and daughters with joy 
and pride, and asks in return only their loyalty and 

The human mind has always a passion for begin- 
nings, for the first things in a man's or nation's life, 
and it is for the gratification of this natural interest 
that I have been asked to give before this assembly a 
few facts which I have gathered from time to time 
concerning the beginnings and early history of Unity. 

It is onlv a few days since T was informed that this 
labor would devolve upon me, otherwise I mie-ht have 
presented the subiect matter in greater detail and 
more pleasing form, 

A hundred and twentv-five years ago. Unity was, 
like the greater part of Maine, all forest land. Not 

History of Unity, Maine 83 

an axe nor a hammer had been heard within its limits. 
Occasionally, a wandering Indian passed through, or 
a settler in search of a home, but that was all, until 
two of the latter. Carter and Ware, journeying across 
the country, pitched their tent near the outlet of Unity 
pond and finally settled there. 

This is the first settlement of which we have any 
record, and the first name by which the town was 
known was the Twenty-five Mile Pond Plantation, 
so called from its distance from Fort Halifax in Wins- 
low, which still stands. It was at the time of the 
Indian troubles and the new settlers were soon driven 
from their home, but when these difficulties had 
ceased, Carter returned and became the founder of 
one of the early families of the town. 

In 1782, Stephen Chase, many of whose descendants 
are today citizens of Unity, came riding through the 
forest with his family, a strong, hardy man, ready to 
battle with difficulties in clearing and settling the new 
land. His settlement was on the '"horseback," near 
the east shore of the pond, but later he built the first 
frame barn and frame house in the town, on the site 
now occupied by the residence of F. A. Whitten. 

Stephen Chase was a preacher of the Society of 
Friends, and for many years ministered to the people 
in that capacity. He lived to the age of eighty years, 
and his wife attained the remarkable age of one hun- 
dred and six years. 

A few years after Mr. Chase's settlement, in the 
field notes of Hayden, the surveyor, this minute was 
made : "I found upon the stream leading from Unity 
pond to the Sebasticook a man by the name of Mitchell, 
building a mill upon what I called a very good mill priv- 
ilege." This was on the site of the present Moulton 
Mill. The first grist mill of which we have any knowl- 

84 History of Unity, Maine 

edge was built upon the rapids, just above this. A' 
rude dam was constructed, and water conducted 
through a hollow log, onto an overshot wheel, which 
furnished power for the mill. 

Civilization having advanced thus far, new settlers 
were not lacking. Between 1792 and 1810, the fol- 
lowing men came to the town : Clement Rackliff , 
Benjamin and Lemuel Bartlett from Limington; Sim- 
eon Murch from Gorham ; John Melvin from Manches- 
ter, N. H., the latter settling on a farm now owned 
by his grandson, John Thompson. This same Mr. 
Melvin brought with him apple seeds and planted the 
first orchard in the town. 

Joseph Woods came from Standish and settled on 
the farm now owned by Wesley Woods. Mark Libby, 
Robert Carll, Henry Farwell and John Perley arrived 
here at about this time. They came on horseback, 
sometimes guided only by the blazed trees, bringing 
with them their tools, a few household implements 
and indomitable courage. 

We find in the records that it was during this early 
period that the first barn was built on the F. A. Whit- 
ten place, and the second, which still stands, on the 
C. C. Fowler farm. A grist mill also was built at the 
Farwell Mills. 

Rufus Burnham, M. D., for whom the town of 
Burnham was named, moved to town and afterward 
purchased the first stove ever brought into Unity. 
This was set up in the house now occupied by the 
speaker. Other settlers were Cornf orth, Kelley, Park- 
hurst and Hunt. 

The first settlements had been made on the "horse- 
back" ; here and there a house arose in different parts 
of the town, but the real trend of civilization tended 

History of Unity, Maine 85 

now toward the central part of the town, or what is 
now the J. H. Cook district, and it is there that we find 
houses were going up and schools and churches built. 
This was called "The Settlement," and it was at this 
time the business center. 

A man by the name of Brackett lived on the place 
now owned by C. S. Cook, and manufactured clocks 
and oilcloth carpeting. The first store was kept by a 
man by the name of Hopkins, in the house now belong- 
ing to George Murch. In this same settlement, Jo- 
seph Ames made hand rakes, and beyond to the east- 
ward was the dwelling of Dr. Knowles, who served 
thirty years in succession as town clerk. Houses were 
erected on the sites of the present Varney, Hussey and 
Larrabee homesteads, and the settlement bcame large 
and prosperous for the period. 

Meantime, municipal government was to be 
thought of. The first plantation meeting was held at 
the home of John Chase, on June 30, 1803, and the 
second at the residence of Lemuel Bartlett. The first 
town meeting was held at the home of Benjamin Rack- 
liff, an innholder. 

Like the Massachusetts brethren who founded 
churches almost before they founded their homes, these 
settlers early looked to the religious welfare of the 
community. Before a church building could be 
thought of, two societies had been formed, the Friends 
and the Baptists, the former under the leadership of 
Stephen Chase, the latter under John Whitney. The 
first church, however, of which I find any record was 
built by the Methodists, not far from the home of 
Peter Ayer, in 1826. One year later, the Friends' 
church was built, on the site of the present church of 
this denomination. A Congregationalist church, erect- 

86 History of Unity, Maine 

ed on the main road, near the B. B. Stevens place, was 
afterward moved to the village, and, the society having 
disbanded, was sold and taken down. The present 
Union church was finished in 1841. 

But even earlier than this, the little settlement on 
the hill, in spite of the work incident to settlement in 
a new and uncleared land, had remembered the need 
of education, had felt the stimulus that leads fathers 
to wish for their sons a better education than they 
themselves had, and had built schoolhouses for their 

A little after the nineteenth century came in, clear- 
ings were made and business was transferred to Unity 
Village, or Antioch, as it was then called. The first 
schoolhouse built at the village was on the Pond road, 
beyond Bartlett's barn, and was moved to the C. E. 
Stevens place, afterward to the present site of Harri- 
son Damon's house, and is now occupied as a dwelling 
by A. W. Harding. The old brick school building 
followed, which stood on the site of the old White 
schoolhouse, both of which have been superseded by 
our present modern building, which ranks among the 
finest in the villages of the state. 

These are a few of the facts which may be of 
interest to you. Of the life of the period, interesting 
though it is, I have no time to speak. Our ancestors 
were honest, hardworking. God-fearing men, who 
struggled for existence at home in the early life of 
our state; and when the call came, four went out 
bravely to help conquer the British. These men were 
John Melvin, Thomas Fowler, James Packard and 
Nathan Parkhurst. 

In the war of 1812, eleven responded to the call: 
Eobert Blanchard, Nathaniel Stevens, Josiah Murch, 
Elisha Bither, George I. Fowler, Archelaus Hunt, Eben 

History of Unity, Maine 87 

Reynolds, Robert Carll, Nathaniel Carll, Dean and 
Mark Libby. Two went to the Mexican war: Otis 
Whitmore and Joseph Either. I hnd on the roll the 
names of eighty who fought loyally for the Stars and 
Stripes in the RebeUion of 1861. Those who remained 
at home, worked with a will, we read in the records 
of the industries that now sprang up. A grist mill 
was built, now called "Conners' Mill," which is nearly 
a hundred years old ; plows and stoves were manufac- 
tured by T. B. Hussey ; a grist and cloth mill was put 
up at the Farwell Mills ; other mills followed in differ- 
ent parts of the town, and factories were built. 

Among the early California pioneers who went 
around Cape Horn in the ship, Hampden, in 1849, 
w^ere Hon. Crosby Fowler and his brother. Button, 
Stephen and Joseph Rackliffe. In 1852, Charles Taber 
and Gorham Hamilton went by way of the Isthmus, 
and in 1854, J. F. Parkhurst, Crosby Fowler and Wil- 
bur Mitchell went to Missouri, bought two hundred 
head of cattle, and drove them over the mountains 
to California. 

It should be noted as an item of interest that one 
of the masts of the ship, Constitution, was cut on the 
C. E. Fowler place and hauled to the Sebasticook river 
by sixteen yoke of oxen, one pair being necessary to 
haul the rum. 

But the glory of a town, like that of a nation, is 
in the men and women that it sends forth. Unity has 
sons who have won high place in the business, the 
political and the educational world. Go to Florida 
and you will find there as manager of the Ponce De 
Leon, one of the largest hotels in the country, a son 
of our former hotel keeper, John L. Seavey. One of 
the worthy citizens of Jackson, Mich., is John T. Main, 
M. D., formerly of Unity; Nelson Dingley, Jr., who 

88 History of Unity, Maine 

was afterward governor, member of Congress, chair- 
man of the Ways and Means Committee, spent his 
boyhood days here. 

Hon. John Crosby, whose eloquence has electrified 
vast audiences, first practiced upon the school boys of 
Unity ; George C. Chase, now the honored president of 
Bates College, is a native of our town ; the noted paint- 
er, Walter M. Brackett of Boston, was also bom in 

Friends and Fellow Citizens: 

We are proud of our ancestors and their work, we 
are proud of our town as you see it today, and if this 
anniversary shall strengthen our pride, shall increase 
the loyalty of our citizens, and cause our hearts to 
beat with a stronger love and patriotism for our native 
town, those who have labored for this day will feel 
that the recompense has indeed been sufficient. 


Mr. President, Sons and Daughters of Unity, Friends 
and Fellow Citizens: 

We celebrate today the birth of a nation and the 
beginning of a town. One hundred and twenty-eight 
years ago today was born the United States of Amer- 
ica. One hundred years ago was held the first town 
meeting of Unity. To the hasty thinker, the connec- 
tion between the events that we commemorate may 
seem remote and obscure. But every student of his- 
tory knows that the impulse of the men who planned 
this double commemoration was sane and true to fact. 

The nation and the town! Both are representa- 
tives of popular government. Both are products of 
a movement whose origin is lost in the mists of antiq- 

History of Unity, Maine 89 

uity, but a movement whose genuineness and signifi- 
cance arrested the attention of Tacitus 2000 years ago 
as he gazed with wonder upon the independent com- 
munal life of our ancestors ere yet they had left the 
forests of Germany. 

Of the progress of this movement toward repre- 
sentative government until it issued in the destruction 
of feudalism and the dominance of the people, through 
their House of Commons, over vested rights and 
hereditary privileges, over the long endured self-asser- 
tion of lords temporal and lords spiritual, we are told 
in the pages of Macaulay, Hallam and Greene. 

But we all know that it has had its splendid and 
complete culmination upon this continent. And it 
began upon these shores with local self-government. 
We know, also, that of the two variations of the old 
English stock, the country in the south and the town 
in New England, the town has proved itself the true 
exponent and embodiment of the democratic ideal. 
Barring some perversions and inequalities due to the 
narrowness and bigotry of the times, town government 
as set up in Plymouth, Salem, Lynn, Dorchester, New- 
ton and Boston, was the beginning of that government 
of the people, by the people and for the people, ''which 
shall not perish from the earth." 

First the town, then the state, and finally the na- 
tion. And the nation existed in the town as the oak 
exists in the acorn. As settlement after settlement 
was formed and sent off its hardy children to make 
new beginnings in the wilderness, it was simply inev- 
itable that the towns when developed and organized 
should combine to form the state ; and in spite of local 
pride and short-sighted views of public policy, it was 
equally inevitable that the states should in due time 
combine to form the nation. 

90 History of Unity, Maine 

In the town was the genesis both of state and of 
nation. It was the town that first inured men to the 
atmosphere of self-government, that produced a body 
of genuine free men, disciplined them to healthy self- 
control, and taught them to subordinate individual 
aims to the public welfare. It was the town that 
awakened and developed public spirit, patriotic pride, 
and generous self-denial. It was in the rude legisla- 
tion of the town that the talent for leadership was 
eyoked and developed. The men who had faced and 
had solved the problems of building roads, of caring 
for the poor, of maintaining order, and of promoting 
health, intelligence and morality under the conditions 
presented in the administration of the town became 
the men capable of dealing with the larger and more 
complicated problems of the state and the nation. John 
and Samuel Adams, Hancock, Warren and Otis did 
not suddenly present themselves as leaders of the 
people in the struggle against British tyranny and in 
the still sharper struggle that followed in the building 
of the nation. They were already picked men, tried 
and approved as wise counsellors and able executives 
in the life and management of the town. 

So in each of the original New England States. So 
in Maine when the district of Massachusetts had at- 
tained to the dignity of statehood. The men who came 
to the front and who proved themselves equal to the 
discussion and decision of different questions were the 
men who had been trained amid the humbler exigencies 
of the town. Nine-tenths of the men whose names 
appear upon our lengthening list of governors, con- 
gressmen and United States senators were bom and 
bred and prepared for leadership amid the life and 
activities of the country town. This is no less true 
of the educators, journalists, speakers, writers, jurists, 

History of Unity, Maine 91 

cind thinkers that have moulded pubhc opinion and 
shaped the destinies of our country. Most of the 
early champions of the anti-slavery cause had breathed 
the pure air and felt the quickening life of the country 

We cannot forget that the first martyr to that cause 
was born and reared but a few miles hence in a town 
adjoining our own. The poets whose genius has 
brought lustre to our literature were first aroused and 
inspired while living the simple life of the town. 
Whittier and Longfellow were country boys ; and Low- 
ell tells us that in his youth and young manhood, Cam- 
bridge was only a village. Horace Greeley was born 
in a humble town of New Hampshire, prepared for his 
great career as journalist in the woods of Vermont, 
and disciplined for his great editorial responsibilities 
of after years by hard apprenticeship in the service of 
rural printing offices and country newspapers. So 
with Seward. So before Seward with Webster. So 
with the political giants of our own State of Maine, 
with Fessenden, the Hamlins and the Morrills. 

These and others like them were the men who 
formed public opinion, and by their courage, convic- 
tion, earnestness and persistence brought on the irre- 
pressible conflict that issued in the war for the Union, 
the downfall of slavery, and the nationalization of 
freedom. The men who by their valor on the battle- 
field and their wise and courageous leadership in Con- 
gress saved our Union were not during their childhood 
and youth clothed in soft raiment or brought up in the 
enervating atmosphere of the city. It is not too much 
to say that we owe to the town and the moulding, edu- 
cating and inspiring influences of its healthy and 
straightforward methods of government, the preser- 

92 History of Unity, Maine 

vation of our nation and its position as the leader in 
the civilization of the world. 

But if the town conditioned the nation, no less did 
the nation condition the town. No less is it essential 
to the very existence of the town today. The towns 
found themselves obliged to unite to form the state; 
the states to form the United States. The towns had 
early learned their inter-dependence; the states more 
slowly learned theirs. Today no one of our forty-five 
states would dream of a separate independence. Im- 
agine if you can the condition of forty-five or fifty 
sovereign and separate nationalities within the terri- 
tory of the United States — forty-five to fifty distinct 
monetary, tariff, postal and commercial systems, with 
custom houses and customs officers all along the boun- 
daries of each, with conflicting charters for our great 
industrial organizations, with different currency for 
each sovereignty, with endless jealousies, bickerings, 
strifes, reprisals, contentions, and conflicts. Compare 
these nameless and indefinable aggregations of people 
with the nation that now presents its solid front to 
the world. How long would one of these petty nation- 
alities be proof against the cupidity of the great pow- 
ers of Europe? 

And what would citizenship mean under such con- 
ditions? Today the humblest American finds safety 
at home and protection abroad. Whether within his 
own municipality, state or nation, whether upon the 
high seas, or upon foreign soil, whether among civil- 
ized men or barbarians, his life, his property and his 
rights find shelter beneath a flag known and honored 
throughout the entire world. There is no thinking 
man in all our territory today who does not know that 
all he possesses, all he enjoys, and all he hopes for 
depend upon the maintenance of our national govern- 

History of Unity, Maine 93 

ment. Indeed, it is difficult to comprehend how only- 
forty years ago the dream of a southern confederacy- 
was possible. It was possibly only to men who for 
sixty years had been perverting their moral sense and 
warping their judgment in the endeavor to find argu- 
ments for an institution that seemed to them so essen- 
tial to their material welfare. 

We all know that without the protection and sup- 
port of our noble government the vast material re- 
sources of our country would still be undeveloped- 
its quarries comparatively untouched, its mines unex- 
plored or reserved to the cupidity of foreigners, its 
great prairies uncultivated, its commerce undeveloped, 
its railroads unbuilt, and the entire structure of our 
civilization material, intellectual and moral, still lack- 
ing a foundation. We might indeed have in part our 
territory, our sea coast, our mountains, forests and 
rivers. But in the words of Wooster, "What are lands 
and seas and skies without society, without govern- 
ment, without laws? And how can these be preserved 
and enjoyed in all their extent and all their excellence 
but under the protection of wise institutions and a fre^ 
government ?" 

All these advantages of our great Republic are 
obvious. But there is one advantage less likely to be 
appreciated, and that is the effect of a great and grow- 
ing free government like ours upon the ideas and 
aspirations of its people. It was nearly 2000 years 
ago that the Great Teacher uttered the words, "Life is 
more than meat." But we have not yet fully grasped 
their significance. The breadth and value of any life, 
whether that of beast, bird or man, are determined by 
that life's relations. Mere animal life through its 
whole wide range from polyp to man is a helpless rou- 
tine of obedience to blind instincts. In the true mean- 

94 History of Unity, Maine 

ing of the word, education is possible only for human 
beings. Guided by instinct, the bird can affect certain 
adjustments to its environment. But these adjust- 
ments are few, sharply limited, and can scarcely be 
said to be the product of thought. The sparrow of 
today flies, feeds, builds its nest, rears its young, and 
makes a periodical migration precisely as the sparrow 
did these things in the time of our Saviour. We speak 
of training the dog, of educating him. But at best he 
learns a few tricks, forms a few blind habits, exhibits 
a wealth of unreasoning affection, and lives and dies 
within the definite boundaries prescribed for a dog. 
The best educated dog of today has never advanced in 
intelligence and attainments beyond the dog that wel- 
comed Ulysses to his island home and died from excess 
of sudden delight. 

Man is man and not a mere brute because of the 
infinite number and variety of relations that he can 
sustain and appreciate. In all this universe of matter 
and mind with their myriad manifestations, there is 
nothing alien to the thought of man. He alone can 
find "sermons in stones, books in the running brooks, 
and good in everything." 

But to the savage, only a few of these relations are 
actual. To prepare men to enter into the endless, the 
illimitable relations for which they were created, is 
the work of civilization, of education, and there is 
nothing that so civilizes, so educates, as the union of 
human beings with their fellows in the pursuit of com- 
mon interests, the attainment of common purposes. 
Would you know how meagre even human life may be, 
visit the solitary hermit, the lonely dweller in the for- 
est, or the prisoner confined in his cell, shut out from 
communion with his fellow beings. The grandest ser- 
vice rendered by our country to its citizens is the broad- 

History of Unity, Maine 95 

ening of their horizon, the multiplying of their inter- 
ests, the exalting of their ambitions, the summoning 
into exercise of the dormant powers of heart and mind. 

Imagine if you can how "cribb'd, cabin'd and con- 
fined" were the first settlers of Unity. Twenty miles 
remote at the beginning from the nearest settlement, 
most of them a hundred miles away from their earlier 
homes; in the heart of a great forest, with no roads, 
with scarcely a pathway leading out into a life of larger 
activities; without schools, without churches, without 
books or newspapers, almost without neighbors; cen- 
tering of necessity their entire thought upon their 
humble homes, with their wives and their children; 
passing whole days, nay months, with no companions 
save their families and their own thoughts ; dependent 
upon some new immigrant or chance comer for even 
an echo from the outside world — how dreary, how dis- 
tressingly limited must have been the lives of their 

And they were only more isolated than their fel- 
lows. All Maine was largely a wilderness 100 years 
ago, and even in the most favored portions of New 
England the only means of communication was on the 
seaboard by slow-moving sloops and schooners, and in 
the interior by horseback riding, or at best by the 
lumbering stage coach. It was exactly 100 years ago 
that Lewis and Clark began their famous expedition 
across the continent, first making an exploration of 
the Missouri. They were 171 days in making 1600 
miles, a little more than nine miles a day. A journey 
that required nearly six months can now be made by 
railroad in less than two days. They were, indeed, 
in a country remote from the habitation of men; and 
yet it was a country not so very different in its main 

96 History of Unity, Maine 

features and its means of communication from what 
was then, for the greater part, the wilderness of Maine. 

Now, our fathers and mothers who settled this 
town were men and women of vigorous minds, of warm 
human sympathies, and of the largest potential inter- 
ests and activities. They exercised their minds upon 
the problems immediately confronting them, and thus 
attained an intellectual vigor that made them masters 
of the situation. As their number increased, as set- 
tlements multiplied, roads were built, schools estab- 
lished, trade and occupations developed at their doors, 
their horizon grew and they attained through these 
instrumentalities to some good degree of mental free- 

When the State was organized in 1820, they found 
a new field for political activities and were brought 
into new and important civic and social relations. But 
it is safe to say that the great, enlarging, fructifying 
and inspiring influence that quickened their minds, 
created their ideals, sharpened their mental and moral 
vision and put them in good degree into possession of 
their inheritance as human beings, was the developing 
life of our common country. When in 1782 our ances- 
tors first set foot upon the shores of yonder pond, they 
probably brought with them the knowledge of the sur- 
render of Comwallis at Yorktown in the fall of the 
preceding year. But it could not long have reached 
them before they began that toilsome journey by boats 
and rafts up the Kennebec and Sebasticook into the 
waters of the lake on whose borders they settled. 
Little they knew of the issues of the long conflict. But 
doubtless their hearts were lighter and their feet trod 
more firmly as they talked with one another of victory 
and of peace. 

History of Unity, Maine 97 

How much they knew of the treaty of peace with 
England in 1782, of the heated discussion and threat- 
ened divisions between that time and 1789, when the 
Constitution was adopted, whether they clearly under- 
stood the distinction between the Federalist and the 
Republican conception of what the new government 
should be, whether they awaited with eager interest 
the ratification of the new form of government by one 
state after another until its adoption was secured, 
about all this we know absolutely nothing. But we 
may reasonably believe that news of these exciting 
matters occasionally reached them and drew their at- 
tention from their own toilsome lives to the broader 
interests of their country. We may be sure that they 
rejoiced in the election of Washington to the Presi- 
dency, and that in some way when he declined to be a 
candidate for a third time in 1796 they became ac- 
quainted with the spirit and tenor of his immortal 
farewell letter, with its forecast of the greatness and 
glory of the nation at length safely launched, and with 
his fatherly warnings against the dangers which his 
prophetic eyes saw only too keenly. 

However meagre the news that reached them, how- 
ever little of the spirit and life of the growing country 
was communicated directly to them, yet even that little 
was broadening the scope of their thoughts, relieving 
the drudgery of their toil, and developing in them an 
appreciation of their privileges as American citizens. 
In 1804, when Unity was incorporated, the country- 
seemed on the verge of war with Great Britain; and 
the exciting stories passing from lip to lip, of the im- 
pressment of American seamen, of the destruction of 
our navigation by the decrees of France and the block- 
ades of Great Britain, finally of our own Embargo Act, 
resulting in the loss of all our commerce and the 

98 History of Unity, Maine 

paralysis of all our infant industries, must have 
reached the citizens of the new town, and have 
aroused their anxiety and kindled their indignation. 
That the War of 1812 was of absorbing interest to 
them, is clear from their own contribution of nearly 
a half dozen men to the ranks of our soldiery. It is 
clear, also, from the fact that Andrew Jackson, the 
hero of that brilliant after-battle at New Orleans, was 
henceforth the popular idol of the State of Maine. 
From 1815 onward, the name of Jackson rivalled that 
of Washington in the place that it held in the affections 
of our people. A study of family records with the 
first names of children clearly establishes this. 

When in 1820 the question of Maine's admission 
to the Union as an independent state was before Con- 
gress, the coupling of the fate of our membership in 
the Union with that of Missouri and the heated dis- 
cussion that followed whether the admission of a free 
state must be balanced by that of a slave state, the 
people first began to follow with an interest that stead- 
ily increased the multiplying problems presented by 
the institution of slavery. Probably the long conflict 
which then began was the most potent factor in devel- 
oping a consciousness of the dignity and meaning of 
American citizenship. The discussion kept up for the 
forty years between the admission of Maine to the 
Union and the beginning of the Civil War, considered 
simply as a means of mental development and especial- 
ly of training men to analyze the functions and aims 
of our government, probably effected more than any 
other agency in awakening true patriotism, in devel- 
oping the spirit of humanity, and in giving to legisla- 
tion a distinctly moral scope and purpose. In 1830 
followed the great speech of Webster in reply to Hayne. 
And soon its most brilliant passages were upon the 
lips of every schoolboy in declamation and debate. 

History of Unity, Maine 99 

Other great issues, such as internal improvements, 
the Monroe Doctrine, tariff system, and the United 
States bank, were also powerful educators. The clos- 
ing of the United States Bank by Jackson, in particu- 
lar made an impression upon the people of Maine, and 
the $2 or more received by every inhabitant of the 
State in the distribution of the surplus still further 
endeared Old Hickory to the hearts of our people. 

The Presidential elections played an important part 
in helping the people to feel the unity of their govern- 
ment and its direct relations to themselvs. Possibly 
there are persons in this audience who can remember 
the wild excitement that prevailed in the Harrison 
campaign of 1840, when log cabins, cider barrels and 
raccoons were carried about in procession and the ral- 
lying cry was, "Old Tippecanoe and Tyler, too !" 

But it Was the slavery question, its various phases, 
that most steadily held the attention and summoned 
to its discussion, in protest or apology, the whole peo- 
ple. The Mexican War, with its results, derived its 
chief interest from its relation to this question, and 
the brilliant orators who opposed it furnished another 
supply of fervid declamations to the school boys. 
From 1845 to 1860, political discussions superseded in 
large part the ordinary themes of conversation. They 
were in vogue not merely at the caucus, the convention 
and the election, but at the dinner table, the neighbor- 
hood party, in the corner grocery, and even in the 
shop and the field. During this period, references to 
the Wilmot Proviso, Mason and Dixon's Line, the 
repeal of the Missouri Compromise, the Fugitive Slave 
Law, the Dred Scott Decision, Squatter Sovereignty, 
the conflicts and troubles of "bleeding Kansas," the 
threats of such ultra southerners as Toombs of 
Georgia, and citations from Webster's Seventh of 



100 History of Unity, Maine 

March speech, together with Theodore Parker's terri- 
ble denunciation of our foremost stateman gave color 
and direction to public speech, newspaper criticism, 
and ordinary conversation. Although I was but six 
years old at the time, I distinctly remember hearing 
my father read aloud in the family sitting room one 
evening Parker's scathing rebuke to Daniel Webster 
and his unmeasured invectives in character, Greeley 
through his Tribune gained his greatest power. In 
half the farm houses in Maine, the Weekly Tribune 
was awaited with an eagerness only less intense than 
that with which we watched for the news from the 

It was in this period that the various organiza- 
tions formed in opposition to slavery were at length 
concentrated in the new Republican party. The cam- 
paign of Fremont and Dayton versus Buchanan and 
Breckinridge repeated the excitement and enthusiasm 
of the Harrison campaign, but there was much more 
seriousness in discussion and a far profounder appre- 
ciation of the issue involved. How well I can remem- 
ber the clear and logical and yet impassioned discus- 
sion in which leading Democrats and Republicans of 
Unity engaged when on town meeting days they gath- 
ered in an open spot or in some angle of the fence 
near the old town house. I received no small part of 
my education during some six years of that period in 
listening to these discussions and in reading the 

In '59, the audacious invasion of Virginia by John 
Brown startled the whole country, and in '60 came 
the nomination and election of Lincoln. And with 
these events came the premonitions and beginning of 
secession. Never was the newspaper of more absorb- 
ing interest to the people of the north than in that 

History of Unity, Maine 101 

eventful winter, spring and summer of '61. Practi- 
cally the whole body of northern people were awaken- 
ing to a great purpose to crush the rebellion, the 
determination to save the Union. How vividly it all 
comes back, the rapid organization of volunteer com- 
panies and regiments! I seem to hear now the stir- 
ring music of the fife and drum as through our own 
streets and past our own doors marched the first com- 
pany formed in Unity. It was getting to be serious 
business and the nation grew in a few months more 
than in many years previous. Everybody present past 
fifty years of age has at least some memories of the 
tragic events of the war for the Union. 

People of Unity, along with the people of the whole 
north, attained during these brief four years to a 
stature as patriots, to a mental and moral growth as 
men and women, to a conception of the purpose and 
destiny of our nation of which they had not dreamed 
themselves capable. They had learned to subordinate 
individual interests to great public ends ; and with the 
people generally they attained a moral elevation that 
has not been wholly lost in the nearly forty years that 
have passed since these stirring scenes. 

The fortunes of our nation since the period of war 
and reconstruction have been less fascinating and 
absorbing, but they have constantly been contributing 
to the development of our people, to an appreciation 
of the inheritance bequeathed to us by our fathers. 
The discussions over the issue of paper money and 
the resumption of specie payments, the arguments by 
our political leaders for and against the protective 
tariff, the theories presented respecting the function 
of gold and silver in meeting the monetary needs of 
the people, the sympathy of our republic with the 
oppressed Cubans, the Spanish war followed by the 

102 History of Unity, Maine 

dwindling power of Spain — and the reconstruction of 
the political map of our territories, the returning loyal- 
ty of the people of the south, the interminable discus- 
sions as to the nature and value of the fifteenth amend- 
ment — and the status of the negro, the rapid develop- 
ment of the material resources of our country follow- 
ing the construction of the great railroads to the 
Pacific, the agitation over the construction of an inter- 
oceanic canal, the modifications of our treaties with 
England in order to secure this result, and the adop- 
tion at last of a definite plan for the realization of this 
great ocean highway — all these movements and events 
have been upon a scale quite in contrast with the 
humble beginnings of our national life, and have fur- 
nished themes rich, varied and stimulating for the 
further education of our people. 

Within the last fifteen years the rapid consolida- 
tion of wealth, the enormous and still growing power 
of corporations and trusts, the more than princely 
fortunes acquired by individual citizens, the extremes 
of poverty and wealth more marked than at any previ- 
ous period of our history, and great questions respect- 
ing the ownership of the means of production and the 
moral rights to the soil have brought to us questions 
largely still unsolved and requiring for their solution 
the broadest popular intelligence, the most construc- 
tive statesmanship, and the highest order of patriotism 
to which we can hope to attain. That with the bless- 
ing of God the agitation of these questions will result 
in still further strengthening and enriching the popu- 
lar mind and developing the spirit of philanthropy and 
mutual helpfulness, and will in due time lead to their 
successful solution, history, experience, the evident 
providence of God in the unfolding of our nation hith- 
erto, and the world's need of the blessings that we 

History of Unity, Maine lOS 

alone seem prepared to give, afford reasonable ground 
for inspiring hope. 

Citizens of Unity: Amid all this growth in the 
wealth, power and influence of your country, you and 
your predecessors have been no passive spectators, no 
selfish and satisfied receivers. Freely indeed have ye 
received, but you have also freely given. The example 
and influence of this town have on the whole contrib- 
uted to the welfare of your State and your country. 
From the beginning, industry, thrift, intelligence and 
morality have in the main been characteristic of our 
population. You have been faithful to the inheritance 
bequeathed to you by your ancestors. You have shown 
a commendable energy, wisdom and skill in developing 
the resources of the town, you have taken a notewor- 
thy interest in the education of your children. 
Through your fidelity in these and in other respects, 
the town has always borne a good name. You have 
contributed your quota of reputable men to the various 
callings and professions. You have done your share 
in providing wise and prudent political counsellors, 
patriotic and efficient legislators, public-spirited men 
and women. 

One of the most honored and useful governors of 
our State, afterward for years a recognized leader in 
the national Congress, a writer, a thinker, an econo- 
mist of international reputation, passed his youth and 
early manhood and received his elementary education 
in this town. His brother, the leading journalist of 
our State, and one of the trenchant and vigorous writ- 
ers of our time, passed a still longer period of his lifei 
in this community. Still another of your sons has won 
distinction in journalism in another State. You have 
reared one United States senator, five State senators 
and two counsellors to our chief executive. Your sons 

104 History of Unity, Maine 

and daughters are not unknown in educational work. 
You have sent out lawyers and physicians who will 
become distinguished in their professions, business 
men who have reflected credit in the training that you 
gave them. The great body of your citizens have 
been honest and true in all the relations of life. You 
have contributed soldiers to all of the wars in which 
our country has been engaged. More than 80 of your 
sons represented you in the war for the Union. 

Unity, like Maine, has been a good place from which 
to migrate, and hundreds, perhaps thousands, of your 
children since our town was incorporated have become 
citizens in remote parts of the country. Some of the 
most enterprising and energetic of your sons made 
their way around Cape Horn to California in 1849. 
And others subsequently reached the same destination 
by means of the isthmus. Within the last twenty 
years, large numbers of your most vigorous young men 
have gone to the far west; 100 of them, I am told, to 
the single State of Montana. 

As civilization advances and pioneer conditions dis- 
appear, families diminish in size. This is a law co- 
extensive with the human race. Instead of families 
of twelve, fifteen, and even of twenty-one, records of 
your early life which I do not exaggerate, the parents 
of this town now number their children by twos and 
threes. The remarkable change in the great industrial 
enterprises of our century which has occurred within 
the last forty years has still further reduced your pop- 
ulation. The butter factory and the creamery have 
superseded the home dairy, and a hundred domestic 
duties once assigned to women have wholly disap- 
peared. The development of the vast grain fields of 
the west has made it uneconomic for the farmers of 
Maine to raise wheat and other cereals. The applica- 

History of Unity, Maine 105 

tion of inventive skill to the production of farm im- 
plements now enables one man to perform in planting, 
hoeing, haying and harvesting what formerly required 
three. These and other industrial changes enable a 
population scarcely one-half of that once credited to 
pur town to develop its resources and protect its busi- 
ness interests. 

Under circumstances like these, it is not strange 
that the census of 1900 reported a population of a little 
less than 900, in contrast with the 1557 reported forty 
years earlier. But if the population of our town has 
declined, not so its wealth. In 1860 its valuation was 
$297,564. In 1900 its valuation was $364,683. Since 
the warm rays of the July sun found their way into 
the first clearing in 1782, never has it looked down 
within the boundaries of this town upon families so 
prosperous and happy, upon m.aterial comforts so gen- 
eral and pronounced, upon fields so well filled, school- 
houses so tasteful and substantial, evidence of thrift 
so significant. 

In only one respect does it seem to me that we have 
occasion for serious concern. Unity, so far as I can 
learn, still maintains worthy moral standards. Her 
people as a whole are still honest, neighborly and just. 
These results, must we not confess, are due in great 
part to the sturdy moral character, and, I may add, to 
the piety, reverence and practical Christian lives of 
many of her earlier settlers. We cannot lose in one 
generation or in two, the fruitage of the noble lives 
that have preceded us. But if Unity is to maintain 
her reputation for thrift, intelligence and character, 
she must look carefully to the sources of all that is 
good in modern civilization — to the Bible, to the church 
with its doors open every Sunday and its pulpit occu- 
pied by an intelligent and efficient pastor. Unity can 

106 History of Unity, Maine 

prove herself and her citizens no exception to the great 
law that "the fear of God is the beginning of wis- 
dom," that reverence and the inculcation and practice 
of the golden rule are essential alike to manhood and 
womanhood and to material prosperity. 

Citizens of Unity: As you gaze upon the goodly 
prospect before you, wherever you turn your eyes you 
find evidence of the toils, the sacrifices, the devotion 
to home and family, the wise foresight, the generous 
public spirit, the care for education, the respect for 
character, and the reverence for God that have brought 
you this choice inheritance. As you ride with your 
families in comfortable carriages along your highways, 
do you try to recall and imagine the patient toil, the 
energy, the inventive skill that constructed these roads, 
built these bridges, and made the homes of this town 
accessible one to another? As you walk over your 
fertile fields and your beautiful pasture lands, as you 
wander amid the fruitful orchards that bring you 
wealth and happiness, do you think of the men and 
women who first came to this town? Into these fields, 
into these homes, they wrought their very lives. Many 
of you bear the names which they bore, and retain the 
distinctive family features, the peculiar mental traits 
of your fathers. 

We all owe a debt to them that we can never pay, 
save as in the spirit with which they wrought we 
maintain, improve and enrich the heritage that they 
have left us, and in turn bequeath it to our children, 
that they with energies unimpaired by us, but rather 
increased, intensified, and ennobled, may in turn pass 
on to their descendants a legacy ever more ample, 
more precious, more helpful to our country and to 

History of Unity, Maine 107 


By Miss Muriel Chase 
"The Song of Freedom" 

Not in the present we live, today, but in the past 
The past, whose glorious echoes shall resound 
Through the far, unfooted sands of time. 

Though we celebrate 
No lustrous history of the race, but the growth 
Of a single town, we yet do homage to 
The cosmic plan for all the years in this. 
That the vast mosaic time is fashioned bit 
By bit and each part needful to the perfect 
Pattern of the years. The centuries live, 
Though they who trod their paths are dead, they live 
In the blue sky, the golden light, the gray hills, 
In the deep sea, the weary wind, and the dark night. 
The centuries live though whole peoples pass away. 
Yet do they pass ? Nay — in the warm lineaments 
Of a face, we view the beauty of a thousand 
Years, the subtle secrets of a buried race, 
The deep browed intellect that has made 
A nation great. Rome still lives in some ampler 
Forum of today. In a hillside temple 
Greece survives. The cold ruin of decay 
Chills not the new wrought in the mould of yesterday. 
Though thy children sleep above thy calm pond, 

The soft canopy of the sky, oh Unity, 
Though they lie 'neath some far off plain, or rest 
In aliens' graves o'er sea, though their bones lie 

On unrecorded battlefield, or tangled 
'Mid the dark secrets of an ocean cave. 

108 History of Unity, Maine 

Though dead, they live in thee — in the open, sunlit 

Meadow, the winding road, the broken forest. 

The church, the school, the home. 

Though dead, their dumb lips, eloquent. 

Shall still bespeak their toils, their hopes, their fears. 

Perchance where now runs the peaceful road, once 

Some unquiet heart prayed heaven, in the forest 

Solitude, for strength to bear the toil. 

The sacrifice, the loneliness that the life 

In the untrod woods entailed. 

Here hath been the ringing of the ax, 

In the deep woods, from the tender, tremulous 

Morn, from the hot noonday to the dusky night. 

Here eyes have watched for the first low-lighted 

Of dawn to sweep the starry hosts away 
And bring hope to hopeless hearts. Here the weary 
SoWer hath' split the grain on the warm slope 
'Through the long day. Here the huntsman hath 
Shot the deer, and here hath been the whir 
Of the loom, the hum of the busy wheel, and here 
Such peace that thy children called thee Unity. 
From a scattering hut to a busy 
Town was the dream of more than a score of years, 
Was the life of men who toiled and won their way. 
The spots where their feet have trod — 
Dead sons and daughters of these woods and stream's 
,And hills, let the living feet press reverently. 
By the altar of their prayers and toils and fears 
May the living consecrate a sacred shrine 
Of their souls' best to stand throughout the years. 

Today the independence bells 
Shall peal, her drums resound, her cannon 
Boom to celebrate our Union's birth 
And thine own, fair Unity, with freedom's song. 

History of Unity, Maine 109 

Truth to thy country and thy God 
And the whole world beside — 
For this our fathers toiled and bled 
That in peace we might abide; 
And far-off peoples heard the cry 
Of freedom ringing wide. 

From far beyond the seas they came 
To dwell in this fair land, 
To till the soil and plant the plain 
As had our fathers planned ; 
And still they come from overseas, 
Led hither by God's hand. 

America is free — for this 

Her rocks and hills flowed red with blood. 

They fell, her sons, on her wide plains. 

By her swift streams, in the green wood. 

They gave their lives for freedom. 

And ours, not theirs, the good. 

They gave their lives for freedom, 
And we, what have we done — 
Do the stars and stripes still float 
O'er the land of freedom's sun? 
We shall know it by her people 
If our land be a free one. 

There each man shall be neighbor 

And no man wear a crown ; 

And each man shall be happy 

And live in a free town, 

And his toil shall bring him comfort 

And his worth shall bring renown. 

110 History of Unity, Maine 

And they that come from overseas, 
Bowed by the oppressor's hand, 
To win a name and find a home 
In the freedom of God's land. 
Shall not be serfs to bear the yoke. 
But brothers to command. 

What have we done for freedom, 

That the deeds of our sires shall stand 

Till the last star set in heaven 

And the last wave wash the strand — 

Have we held fast the purpose 

Our exile fathers planned ? 

Men are starving in the cities, 

Fall like beasts upon the plain ; 

Waste their lives with toil and grieving 

That their striving may attain 

What the soul within them pleadeth, 

Die, and seem to strive in vain. 

God knows if our aims be noble. 

Our leaders false or true ; 

He knows if our hearts are loyal 

To the faith of the red, white and blue ; 

He knows if we love His children 

In His kingdom the wide world through. 

Then up for the cause of freedom ; 
Let wars and wrangling cease, 
And the stars and stripes forever 
Wave o'er a land of peace. 
Till the world shall join together 
As brothers to the race. 

History of Unity, Maine 111 

A band concert and a reception now followed. At 
eight in the evening the fireworks were set off, under 
the management of F. M. Fairbanks, aided by E. D. 
Chase, Geo. E. Grant and John Hamilton, and at a 
late hour the grand ball was opened in the new hall 
of Adams & Knight. Morning came and the Unity 
Centennial was over. 


The Unity Centennial has long since passed. More 
than a hundred and thirty years have gone by since 
Ware and Carter tramped through the forest and 
began their little settlement. The forests have gone, 
few traces are left of the rude beginnings from which 
our town was shaped, the twentieth century is all 
around us. 

A stranger passing through our town sees every- 
where evidences of skill and prosperity, fine farm 
buildings, carefully cultivated acres, up-to-date ma- 
chinery, good roads. Everything is well kept. It 
speaks of New England order and thrift. It suggests 
wholesome, wide-awake men and women. In the vil- 
lage a broad, level, straight street, shaded by noble 
trees, extends the entire length. The streets are light- 
ed with electricity, there are telephones and electricity 
within the homes. Old homes are here, built nearly a 
hundred years ago, with broad fronts and colonial 
doorways, suggestive of early days when the home 
was the center of all social life; trim, modern homes 
are found, too, better suited to the needs of the modern 
family. Within the limits of the village are twelve 
stores, a church, high school building, bank, hotel, 
central telephone station, two public garages, black- 
smith, tin and shoe shops, two steam mills, two cream- 
eries, corn factory, grist mill, and two large public 

112 History of Unity, Maine 

halls. Property values have increased rapidly in the 
last few years. Many strangers have found homes 
among us and have received a genuine welcome. They 
have found our people honest, upright and industrious. 

Transportation and mail service is no longer a 
problem. The rural free delivery visits all parts of 
the town. Automobiles for business or pleasure are 
at one's call. The railroad affords quick transporta- 
tion for all products with three daily trains to Boston. 
This is the Unity of 1916. 

Our town has an honorable past, a prosperous pres- 
ent, its future will be as broad and worthy as the 
vision of its citizens permits. 


Adams, C. A., built his store in 1914, lot from J. A. 

Adams, J. A., had his place from Ellen M. Taber, 
she from her father, Eli Moulton, he from Austin 
Thomas, M. D., he from John T. Main, M. D., he from 
heirs of Rufus Burnham, M. D., they from Mr. and 
Mrs. Elijah Winslow, who built the house in 1842. 
The lot was from Rufus Burnham, the masonry was 
done by Henry Kelly. 

Ames, Jacob, had his place from his father, he 
from E. E. York, he from E. L. Woods, he from John 
White, he from Amos Webb. Some of the land was 
formerly owned by Benj, Fogg. The barn was the 
carriage shop owned by Harrison G. Otis, and stood 
opposite G. T. Whitaker's residence. 

Bacon, Alonzo, from J. H. Farwell, he from 0. J. 
Farwell, he from Weston Whitten, he from his father, 
Oliver Whitten, he from Jonathan Stone, who bought 
the Doctor Knowles place and moved the barn onto 

History of Unity, Maine 113 

this place. The Knowles house was torn down. Stone 
bought the north half of the Peter Jackson place, and 
moved the large barn down to this place. The Jack- 
son house was torn down. Stone bought one acre of 
ground where the buildings now stand, of Otis Star- 
key, a shoemaker. Starkey had it from John W. Ames, 
he from Robert Jackson. 

Bacon, George, from Melville Willey, he from R. R. 
Spinney, he from John Royal, he from Ansel Perkins. 

Bacon, Henry A., from heirs of Mrs. A. H. Clark, 
they from L. H. Mosher, he from Wm. Hamilton, he 
from Sarah, widow of Hoyt Hunt, she from Albert 
Watson, he from the Roberts heirs, Roberts from 
Josiah Harmon, he from Sherwin Crosby, who built 
the original house. A. H. Clark built the stable. The 
house has recently been remodeled. 

Bacon, Joseph A., from Hezekiah Stevens, he from 
Nathaniel Stevens, he from the proprietors. The 
house Mr. Bacon now lives in was built by Amos Bil- 
lings. Levi Bacon, father of Joseph A., purchased 
the buildings on the east side of the road from James 
Banks. He built two sawmills and had four brick- 
yards ; the buildings were destroyed. The land is now 
owned by H. B. Rice and G. A. Stevens. Daniel Whit- 
more first settled the Bacon place, but the proprietors 
shifted him into the village. The White Indians made 
more or less trouble at this time and drove the sur- 
veyor out of the woods. 

Bacon, Walter, from Eleanor Perkins, she from 
Benj. March, he from Chas. Taylor, who purchased the 
lot from Jesse Whitmore and moved the Nathaniel 
Rice house onto it. 

Bagley, Elmer, from Mrs. Julia Mitchell, she from 
Eugene Reynolds, he from William Bither, he from 
Jerry Connor. 

114 History of Unity, Maine 

Bagley, Leon, from J. S. Either, he from Lemuel 
Reynolds, he from Russell Reynolds, he from Blin 
Fuller of Albion. Russell Reynolds bought the cheese 
factory from J. R. Taber and built the present house. 

Barlow, William, from James Libby, he from the 
Clough, Fogg and Moulton syndicate, by which the 
house was built, lot from Benj. Fogg. 

Bartlett, Chas. J., from his father, Jefferson Bart- 
lett, he from his father, Lemuel Bartlett. Jefferson 
built the house and stable; Charles, the large barn in 

Bartlett, F. A., from his father, Benj. Bartlett, he 
from his father, Stephen Bartlett. The brick house 
near the station was inherited from his father; he had 
ic from Stephen Dyer, he from John Chase, he from 
his father, John Chase, who built the house and barn. 
The new stable was built by F. A. Bartlett. This farm 
originally embraced all the land where now stand the 
Bartlett & Chase steam mill, the railroad station, the 
Leonard property, the Hood and Turner Center cream- 
eries, the bank, the Ward place and the western part 
of E. D. Chase's place. 

Berry, Ruel M., purchased his place from Gorham 
Clough, he from Eli Moulton, he from Lucretia Moul- 
ton, widow of his son Luke, Luke from Newell Murch, 
he from Josiah Harmon, who built the buildings, lot 
from Benj. Fogg; carpenter, W. R. Chandler. 

Berry, Ruth, from her father, Hon. Samuel Berry, 
he from Chas. Marshall, he from Jonathan Stone, he 
from Solomon Files, he from heirs of Alexander Booth- 
by, they from a Mr. Twitchell. Dr. Boothby built the 
two-story part of the house, Mr. Berry the shed and 
stable, Mr. Twitchell the ell. The lot was from Jeffer- 
son Bartlett. 

History of Unity, Maine 115 

Bessey, Walter, from Chas. Flye, he from George 
Flye, he from his father, Elijah Flye. 

Betts, R. W., from J. A. Tweedy, he from Stephen 
Files, he from heirs of A. W. Fletcher, Fletcher from 
James Morse, he from Benj. Williams, he from Jacob 
Severance, he from Raymond McManus, he from Clem- 
ent and Nathaniel Seger. 

Bither, Silas, from heirs of Elisha Either, he from 
Joseph Green, he from Madison Mitchell, he from 
Isaac Mitchell, who built the house in 1812, also the 
sawmill. Elisha Bither built a grist mill. 

Blanchard, A. L., from Amander Rackliff, he from 
his father, Capt. Amander Rackliff, he from his father, 
D. Rackliff, who cleared it. 

Blanchard, Alton, from heirs of Jeremiah Harding, 
he from his father, Josiah Harding, he from his father, 
who cleared it. He came from Cape Cod, Mass. 

Blethen, Mrs. I. R., from her husband, I. R. Bleth- 
en, he from N. C. Knight, he from heirs of William 
Bither, he from heirs of Albert Watson, he from Nel- 
son Webb, he from Rev. Dexter Waterman, he from 
Rufus Burnham, he from Luther Mitchell, who built 
the house in 1840. 

Bridges, George, from the widow of Eugene Boul- 
ter, Boulter from his father. Royal Boulter, he from 
his father, Daniel Boulter, he from Simeon Harding. 

Brown, Clarence, had his place from J. P. Libby, 
he from Henry Bacon, he from T. J. Whitehouse, he 
from James Hall, he from A. T. Woods, he from heirs 
of B. Carter. 

Brown, Mrs. Joseph, from her husband, Joseph 
Brown, he from heirs of Mrs. Edwin Hall, she from 
Wheeler Danforth, he from N. C. Knight. This house 
was built by H. G. Otis and has been owned by several 

116 History of Unity, Maine 

different persons. Mr. Chapman, pastor of the Con- 
gregational church, lived there at one time. 

Carll, Thomas, from his father, Robert Carll, who 
cleared the place. He had his title from the State of 

Chase, Alice, from heirs of Jacob Chase, who built 
the buildings. The land was purchased from Jesse 

Chase, E. D., from his father, B. F. Chase, he from 
his father, Hezekiah Chase, he from Harrison Chase, 
he from his father. Job Chase. 

Chase, Frank L., from heirs of Herbert Stevens, 
he from his father. Chandler Stevens, who built the 
present buildings, he from Frederick Stevens, who 
settled it. 

Chase, Horace F., from D. V. Rollins, who built the 
original house, lot from C. J. Bartlett. Mr. Chase 
rebuilt and remodeled the building into the present 
fine cottage, he also purchased from C. J. Bartlett the 
large adjoining lot upon the lake shore. 

Clark, Alfred, from heirs of his father, D. P. Clark, 
D. P. Clark from Aaron Davis, he from 'Squire Har- 
vey, he from the proprietors. 

Clark, H. M., from Jacob Stearn, he from Archie 
Tozier, he from Austin Thomas, he from W. H. Rolfe, 
he from T. J. Whitehouse, he from Jonathan Stone, he 
from W. R. Chandler, he from Hiram Whitehouse, who 
built it. For many years the shop was used for the 
millinery business. 

Clifford, Augustus, from J. 0. Clifford, he from 
John Waning, he from Ira Parkhurst, he from Chas. 
Hathaway, he from Abial Knight, he from N. C. 
Knight, he from Roscoe Chandler, he from Henry 
Moody, he from Asa Small's widow. The main house 

History of Unity, Maine 117 

was built by Capt. Chas. Baker, near T. 0. Knights' 
place, and moved to its present location, where addi- 
tions were made. 

Clifford, J. 0., from James Libby, he from Elias 
Fowler, he from James Libby, he from J. H. Damon, 
he from R. W. Files, he from Charlotte Kelley, she 
from Amos Moore, he from Samuel Stevens, he from 
James Banks, who built the buildings upon land pur- 
chased from Joseph Chase. 

Clifford, Walter, from heirs of Salome Harding, 
she from George Murch, who built the house. The 
bam was moved from the E. M. Jones place. 

Coffin, Mrs. Sarah, house built by a Mr. Murch, lot 
from the George Murch farm. 

Connor, Harry, Simon and Etta, from their father, 
Simon Connor, he from his father, Col. James Connor, 
he from Daniel Whitmore. Col. Connor and Lemuel 
Bartlett built the grist mill in 1840. 

Cook, Chas. S., from his father, James H. Cook, he 
from his father, Daniel Cook, he from Jacob Taber, 
he from Reuben Brackett, he from Joshua Sinclair, 
who built the original buildings, which were burned. 

Cook, Thos. B., from Isaiah Tuttle, he from Hollis 
Reynolds. The lot where the house stands was from 
the Col. Connor farm, the remainder of the land was 
from the Burnham farm, the main house was formerly 
Dr. Burnham's office, and stood where Taber's stable 
now stands. L. B. Fogg bought it and moved it to its 
present location. Mr. Tuttle built the stable. 

Cookson, Orzilla B., from Elisha Cookson, he from 
his father, George Cookson, he from Daniel Webster, 
he from Ichabod Spencer, he from a Mr. Linn. Mr. 
Carr built the house. 

118 History of Unity, Maine 

Cornforth, F. R., from Mrs. B. T. March, she from 
the widow of Levi Whitten, he from Stephen Files, he 
from heirs of James Kelly, who built the buildings. 

Cornforth, Isabel, and sister, from their father, 
Robert Cornforth, he from Robert Cornforth of Wa- 

Cornforth, Mrs. Leon, from heirs of Mott Cates, 
he from his father, Allen Cates, he from R. W. Files, 
he from Thomas Carter, he from Abraham Cookson, 
he from Sumner Glidden, he from John Scribner, who 
settled it. 

Cornforth, Richard, and Eli V., from their father, 
Otis Cornforth, he from his father, Richard Cornforth. 

Crosby, Mrs. Frank, from her husband, he from 
Esbon Nutt, he from G. A. Hunt, he from William 

Crosby Percy, from heirs of Peoples Crosby, he 
from Josiah Crosby, he from John Scribner, he from 
the proprietors. 

Damon, Mabel, from her father, Harrison G. 
Damon, he from Samuel Kelly, he from widow of Jo- 
seph Small, Joseph Small from a Mr. Lamb, he from 
Mrs. H. C. Chandler, she from Greene Carter, he from 
Daniel Carter, he from 0. J. Whitten, he from Gorham 
Hamilton, who built the buildings. 

Dean, Chas., from his father, he from John M. 
Thompson, he from A. T. Woods, he from his father, 
Joseph Woods. 

Denaco, Charles B„ from Buchaner Bryant, he 
from his father, Hiram Bryant, he from Joseph 

Dobson, William, from A. R. Murch, he from his 
father, Edmund Murch, he from Daniel Cook, he from 
James Hussey. The "Point" belonging to this farm, 

History of Unity, Maine 119 

Edmund Murch bought from William Taber, he from 
Joseph Stevens, he from his father, B. R. Stevens. 

Dodge, Mrs. E. C, from her husband, E. C. Dodge, 
he from heirs of William Hamilton, he from L. B. 
Fogg, he from A. W. Myrick. The lot was from Daniel 
Harmon, who bought it from the Southwick heirs. 
The barn was purchased from N. C. Knight, where he 
lived, where Clarence Brown now lives. 

Douglass, Asher, from Walter Besse, he from Wash- 
ington Nickless, he from Alfred Clark, he from Asa 
Douglass, he from Lemuel Mosher. Asher Douglass' 
I)lace on the other side of the road he had from Hiram 

Douglass, William H., from Warren Kendall, he 
from Henry Douglass, he from Robert Douglass. 

Downer, Edwin, from Fred Nichols, he from George 
Nichols, he from James M. Libby, he from Thos. 
Keene, he from Thos. and Nathaniel Banton, they from 
their father. 

Dutton, F. H., from John Murch, he from N. D. 
Webb, he from his father, Woodbridge Webb, he from 
his father, Samuel Webb, who was born in England. 
John Murch built the stable. 

Edwards, Leon, from his father, C. F. Edwards, he 
from Ralph Pillsbury, he from his father, George 
Pillsbury, he from L. H. Whitaker, he from Nelson 
Rackliff, he from A. R. Myrick, he from John Harvey, 
he from Samuel Davis. Fifty acres on the north side 
were purchased from J. R. Taber, which he had from 
his father, William Taber, he from Jesse Connor. 

Eldridge, A. D., from S. P. Larrabee, he from G. 
W. Clark, he from S. S. Berry, he from his father, 
James Berry. The original buildings on this farm 
were on the other side of the road. S. S. Berry built 

120 History of Unity, Maine 

the present house, Washington Small was the car- 

Fairbanks, F. M., from A. W. Myrick, he from L. 
B. Fogg, he from Daniel Harmon, he from the South- 
wick heirs. Thomas Snell built the house; the base- 
ment was used as the tannery store. 

Farwell, Almond, from heirs of John Farwell, they 
from Eben Farwell's heirs, Eben from his father, Hen- 
ry Farwell. 

Farwell, Fred, from Wheeler Danforth, he from S. 
P. Larrabee, he from Marcellus Whitney, he from 
Elias Jones' heirs. 

Farwell, J. H., from Arlow Twitchell, who built 
the house in 1907. George L. Whitten was the car- 
penter. Farwell built the stable in 1908, lot pur- 
chased from G. B. Pillsbury. 

Farwell, Joseph, from heirs of E. A. Patno, he from 
Byron Pillsbury, he from Rev. C. H. Ross, he from 
Julia Mitchell, she from Nathaniel Jackson, he from 
heirs of Burnham Bither, land from Jesse Connor 
and William Taber. 

Fisher, Joseph, from John Snedbery's heirs, he 
from John Coffin, he from R. W. Files, he from a Mr. 
Elwin, he from D. B. Harding, he from Simeon Hard- 
ing, who settled the place. 

Fogg, B. A., from Flora Watson, she from her 
mother, Mrs. A. F. Watson, she from her father, Asa 
Stevens, he from Miller Monroe, he from Alonzo Ham- 
ilton, he from Gorham Hamilton, who built the first 
buildings, the lot from Jefferson Bartlett. William 
Hamilton was born here in 1838. B. A. Fogg built 
the present buildings. 

Foster, Henry, from his father, Ephraim Foster, he 
from Samuel Rollins, he from Gustavus Morse, he 

History of Unity, Maine 121 

from Charles Hudson, he from John Webb, he from 
Richard Whitten, he from Reuben W. Murch, he from 
Wm. Fergeson, he from Nahum. Fergeson, he from 
George Hunt. Mr. Foster also owns the place known 
as the town farm. The town had it from Hosea B. 
Rackliff, he from his father, Benjamin Rackliff, he 
from the proprietors. 

Foster, Llewellyn P., from Mrs. S. E. Parkhurst 

she from N. P. Parkhurst, he from his father. Hale 

Parkhurst, he from his father, Nathan Parkhurst, who 

came from Rowly, England. 

Foiuler, Charles S., from heirs of Henry Moody 

Moody from Charles Bessey, he from David Gilpatrick' 

he from Thomas Gilpatrick. 

Fowler, Charles S., from his father, Hon. Crosby 

Fowler, he from his father, Thomas Fowler, he from 

the proprietors. 

Fuller, W. G., built his house on lot purchased from 
F. A. Bartlett. 

Gallison, B. F., from J. A. Adams, he from Charles 
Stone, he from Henry Prescott, he from Isaac Adams, 
he from Joshua Adams. 

George, Charles, from Fred Nichols, he from the 
Witham's estate. This place has been owned by G. E 
Lmkfield and Shepherd Giles. 

Gerald, George, from Ruel Willey, he from John 
L. Parkhurst heirs, John L. from his father, Thomas 
Parkhurst, he from the proprietors. 

Gerald, Walter, from heirs of R. R. Spinney, Spin- 
ney from Melvin Willey, he from N. G. Webster he 
from heirs of Nathan Parkhurst, Parkhurst from' his 
father, Elisha Parkhurst. 

Gerald, William, from Elias Fowler, who built the 
buildings; the land from his father, Gen. James Fowl- 

122 History of Unity, Maine 

er. Mr. Gerald also owns the Gen. James Fowler 
place, which used to be owned by James Fowler, Jr. 

Gerrish, Willis A., from L. H. Mosher, he from J. 
Iv. Monroe, he from Daniel Harmon, he from the 
Southwick heirs. Mr. Monroe moved the shop from 
the place now owned by W. F. Woods to the H. H. 
Grant place, then owned by Monroe, who moved it to 
its present location. 

Gerry, Chester, from Turner Center Creamery Co., 
they from E. L. Woods, he from Consider Gerry, he 
from heirs of Frank Connor, he from Stewart Mit- 

Gei'ry, Orlando, from Francis Webb, she from John 
Webb, he from his father, John Webb. 

Giles, Willis A., built his buildings, had the lot from 
F. A. Bartlett. 

Grady, Henry, from Mrs. Horace Tyler, she from 
George Works, he from Mrs. Horace Tyler, she from 
Louis Robinson, he from Wilbur & Eastman, they 
from heirs of Hannah McGray and Abigail Gilpat- 
rick, sisters of Asher Gilpatrick, they from David 
Moody estate, Moody from Susan Gilpatrick. 

Grant, H. H., from heirs of Harrison Chase, Chase 
from Samuel Kelly, he from J. R. Munroe, he from 
Betsey Whitney, she from Solomon Hamilton, he from 
W. N. Woodsum, who built it; lot purchased from 
Benj. Fogg. 

Grant, Leander A., from his grandfather, Richard 
Meservey, he from a Mr. Mathews, he from Nathan 
Woodman, who built the original buildings. Mr. 
Grant built the present house. 

Gregg, Mrs. Mantie, from E. H. Garcelon, he from 
Horace Mitchell, he from his father, Joseph Mitchell, 
he from Amos Webb. 

History of Unity, Maine 123 

Hall, William H., from Charles B. Wellington, who 
built the house, Wellington from A. H. Clark, who 
built the long barn, farm from heirs of Jesse Whit- 

Hamilton, Mrs. William, from E. E. York, he from 
Thomas Morton, he from Mrs. William Scribner, she 
from heirs of R. B. Carter, who built the house, lot 
from Dr. Burnham. 

Hamlin, Charles, from John M. Waning, he from 
Charles Hathaway, he from Albert Rackliff, he from 
v/idow of Samuel Parkhurst, Parkhurst from heirs of 
Elisha Parkhurst, he from Elbridge Parkhurst, he 
from Mr. Lasalle, who cleared it. He sold the first 
house to Daniel Whitmore, who moved it to where 
now stands the residence of Mrs. Charles Taylor. 

Harding, A. J., from Edwin Rand, he from A. T. 
Woods, he from Joseph Hubbard, he from Thomas 
Keen, he from Alonzo Libby, he from Daniel Webster, 
he from Clement Webster, he from Ambrose Strout. 

Harding, Hiram, land from heirs of G. B. Blanch- 
ard. Harding built the house. 

Harding, Newell, from his father, Knowles Hard- 
ing, who cleared the place. 

Harmon, Mrs. J. W., from G. B. Pillsbury, he from 
Frank Cole of Rhode Island, he from Mrs. Florence 
Grant, she from Andrew Pendleton, he from B. A. 
Fogg, he from his father, B. Fogg, he from Lemuel 
Bartlett, who built the house. John Berry of Rock- 
land was the carpenter. 

Hatch, Charles A., from E. H. Gould, he from 
Thomas Chase, he from Charles 0. Chase, he from 
Jesse Mitchell. Jacob Chase built the present main 
house and Thomas Chase built the barn. 

124 Hi story of Unity, Maine 

Hillman, Elmer, from Chester Gerry, he from Lem- 
uel Reynolds, he from J. S. Either, he from I. C. 
Libby Co., they from H. H, Grant, he from Lumber 
Small, he from Gardiner Jackson, he from Thomas 

Hillman, Mrs. Louisa, from her husband, A. N. 
Hillman, he from W. B. Morse, Morse from Charles 
B. Murch, he from Benj, Glidden. 

Hwat, B. R. and E. B., from E. H. Moulton, he 
from John Hussey, he from a Mr. Philbrook. The 
present farm includes the Rev. Stephen Chase and 
Ira Trafton places. 

Hunt, Mrs. F. H., from E, F. Thompson, she from 
B. B. Rackliff, he from Augustus Myrick, he from 
Washington Myrick, he from his father, Isaac My- 
rick, he from a Mr. Warren from Thomaston. 

Hunter, Gaunce, from Addison Weed, he from A. J. 
Hurd, he from David G. Dyer, he from George Flye, 
he from Stephen Dyer, he from Mr. Billings' brother 
to A. J. Billings, M. D. 

Hurd, Walter, from his father, A. J. Hurd, he from 
Sumner Abbott; the farm on the south side of the 
road, A. J. had from his father, Abner Hurd. The 
place nearly opposite Walter Hurd's, now owned by 
him, ,was owned by Washington Small, he from Joseph 
Mosher. It was settled by a Mr. Tracy. 

Hustus, C. B., from Fred R. Call, he from Stephen 
Stewart, he from heirs of Abram Getchell, he from 
Amaziah Truworthy, he from Stewart Mitchell, who 
built the house. 

Jackson, A. D., from Richard Lambard, who built 
the house; the land and barn were purchased from 
John Murch. 

History of Unity, Maine 125 

Jones, Daniel, from Ephraim Foster, he from D. 
V. Rollins, who built the house, he from Lew Robin- 
son, he from F. R. Parkhurst, who built the barn, he 
from Ansel Stone, he from Wm. Stone, he from Bart- 
lett Vickery, he from Jonathan Stone. 

Jones, Duncan M., from E, A. Hussey, he from G. 
W. Clark, he from heirs of Elisha Mosher, Mosher 
from Joseph Stevens, he from William Taber, he from 
Clement Rackliff, he from John Winthrop, governor 
of Massachusetts., and Lady Temple of Boston. In 
1824, Rackliff cleared the place. The original house 
was burned. 

Jones, E. M., from Daniel Harding, he from R. W. 
Murch, he from his father, Josiah Murch, he from his 
father, Simeon Murch. Josiah Murch built the brick 

Jones, Mrs. Helen M., from her husband, Clement 
R. Jones, he from his father, Asa Jones, he from 
James Gilkey, he from John Rackliff, who cleared it. 

Jones, Warren, from Philip Blethen, he from James 
Blethen, he from George Blethen, he from William 
Whitten, he from Warren Jones, he from Stephen Files, 
who built the house. 

Joy, Elmer and his wife, from her father, Andrew 
Gilpatrick, he from Grant Gilpatrick; a man by the 
name of Flye was the first settler. 

Kelly, Claude, from Herbert Smith, he from Wil- 
liam Robinson, he from Joseph Kelly, he from heirs 
of Samuel Kelly. 

Kelly, Frank, from his father, Benj. F. Kelly, he 
from Abial Knight, he from Nathaniel Stevens, he 
from Dean Libby. Knight built the house in 1842, 
barn built in 1854. 

126 History of Unity, Maine 

Kelly, Joseph, from Benj. Chandler, he from his 
mother, Martha Chandler, she from A. W. Myrick, he 
from Henry Kelly, he from Joseph Gilky, who built 
the buildings. 

Kelly, W. S., from his father, Burnham Kelly, who 
built the buildings. 

Kidder, J. K., from J. L. Ames, he from Alton 
Blanchard, he from his father, Abner K. Blanchard, 
he from J. R. Taber, he from John Smedbury, who 
built the house. 

Knight, N. C, from heirs of Edgar Harding, Hard- 
ing built the house in 1893, lot purchased from F. A. 

Knight, Orzo, from W. L. Hutching Co., they from 
N. C. Knight, he from Caleb Parmetor, he from David 
Y. Dyer, he from Stephen Boothby. 

Knight,, T. 0., from his father, Orrin Knight, he 
from Abial Knight, he from Nathaniel Carll. 

Lane, Marsh, from L. H. Mosher, he from W. A. 
Gerrish, he from George Getchell, he from Thomas 
Winters, he from Hale Parkhurst. 

Larrabee, S. P., from James Dickey, he from Elias 
Fowler, he from Richard Whitten, he from heirs of 
Eben Taylor, who cleared it. House is the oldest one 
now standing in town. 

Leonard, F. M., from E. E. McCauslin, he from F. 
L. Chase, he from Archie Tozier, he from N. C. 
Knight, he from Bert Earl, he from Charles Stone, he 
from Eli Moulton, he from Stephen Dyer, he from 
John Chase, he from his father, John Chase. 

Lewis, John, from John Woods, he from J. L, Ames, 
he from Joseph P. Libby, he from Amos Webb, he 
from George Woods, he from the proprietors. 

History of Unity, Maine 127 

Lihhy, Ira P., from Mrs. C. E. Stevens, she from 
Emily Mosher, she from Gorham Clough, he from J. 
W. Harmon, he from his father, Josiah Harmon, he 
from Elijah Winslow. 

Lihhy, James W., from D. R. McGray, he from his 
father, D. W. McGray, he from a Mr. Leavitt, he from 
a Mr. Meservey, who cleared it. 

Lihhy, Joseph P., from heirs of Joseph Chase, they 
from Thomas B. Cook, he from Shepherd Giles, he 
from Daniel Harmon, who purchase{i it from the 
Southwick heirs. There were two small houses on 
this lot toward the bridge. 

Lihhy, Nathan P., from Rufus B. Libby, he from 
Mark Libby. 

Loveland, D. E., from G. W. Varney, he from Wil- 
liam McGray, he from George Fletcher, he from Geo. 
Bennett, he from James Mitchell, he from his father, 
James Mitchell. Young James Mitchell built the 
house ; the barn was moved from the west part of the 

Lowell, W. L., from heirs of George W. Clark, 
Clark from Samuel Kelly, he from Mrs. Hannah Berry! 
she from Frank Harmon, he from James G. Patter- 
son, he from E. D. Williams, who built the house ; lot 
from Rufus Burnham, garden bought by Clark from 
J. R. Taber. 

Magee, Terry, from Albert Foster, M. D., he from 
William Winslow, a nephew of William Taber, he from 
Willard Farwell, who built the buildings. 

Magee, William, from his father, Terry Magee. 
William built the house. 

McGray, D. R., from George Nickless, he from Jo- 
seph Harding, he from his father, Hiram Harding, he 

128 History of Unity, Maine 

from Thomas Harding, he from a Mr. Daggett, he 
from a Mr. Prescott. 

McManus, A. F., from J. M. Evans, he from Mrs. 
G. A. Hunt, she from Mrs. Sarah Webster, she from 
Consider Knowles, he from Phih'p Scribner, he from 
Zeblan Murch, he from Benj. Chase, who was the first 

Means, Mrs. Charles, purchased her lot from J. R. 
Taber and built the house. She bought the adjoining 
lot of W. J. Getchell, he from J. R. Taber. Charles 
Means built the blacksmith shop. 

Merrick, W. S., built his house; the lot from F. 
A. Bartlett. 

Mills, Seth W., from heirs of Joseph Farwell, he 
from heirs of Jewett Farwell, Jewett from his father, 
Henry Farwell, he from Amos Jones. 

Mitchell, C. Boyce, from his father, C. E. Mitchell, 
he from Charles Taylor, he from J. F. Parkhurst, he 
from W. R. Chandler, he from Nelson Dingley, who 
built it. 

Mitchell, Charles W., from his father, Jesse Mit- 
chell, he from his father, James Mitchell. 

Mitchell, Curtis E., from Nelson Vickery, he from 
Luther Mitchell, who built the house; lot from Rufus 
Burnham, garden from William Taber. 

, Mitchell, H. E., from heirs of Joseph Stevens, Stev- 
ens from Joseph Small, he from Stephen Dyer, he 
from his father, William Dyer. 

Morrill, J. W., from John Pillsbury, who built the 
buildings ; lot from F. A. Bartlett. 

Morse, Guy, from his mother, Annie Morse, and 
grandmother, Olive J. Morse, they from Frank Walk- 
er, he from Adolphus Myrick, he from Adam W. My- 
rick, he from Daniel Dummer, he from Martha Chand- 

History of Unity, Maine 129 

ler. The stable was originally Thomas Chandler's 
furniture shop; afterwards used for a tannery by 
James Banks. A. W. Myrick bought the main house 
of Jacob Chase. It stood where Charles A. Hatch's 
house now stands. Myrick took it down and moved 
it to its present location. 

Mosher, George R,, built his buildings. He had 
the land from L. H. Mosher, he from Daniel Harmon, 
he from the Southwick heirs, they from Thomas Snell, 
he from Hiram Whitehouse, who built the buildings 
that were burned. 

Mosher, L. H., from Zolome Washburn, he from 
Jonathan Parkhurst, he from Fred Burrill, who built 

Moulton, E. B., from his father, E. H. Moulton, he 
from heirs of James Shirley, Shirley from Hill Whit- 
more, a brother of Jesse Whitmore. 

Moulton, Eli, from his father, W. H. J. Moulton, 
he from heirs of John Vickery, Vickery from James 
Hall, he from A. T. Woods, he from the Philbrook 
heirs, they from Thaddeus Carter, he from the pro- 
prietors. Carter first built a house on the west side 
of the Burnham road, a few rods from the Waterville 
road; his son. Bunker, built on the place now owned 
by Clarence Brown. 

Murch, Charles E., from Eben C. Dodge, he from 
John A. Stevens, he from his father, B. B. Stevens, 
he from his father, John Stevens, he from Benj. 

Murch, E. K., from his father, Charles B. Murch, 
he from his father, Ephraim Murch, who built the 
brick house, he from his father, Simeon Murch. 

Murch, Fred L., from James Flye, he from heirs 
of Silva Greenleaf. Flye built the house. 

130 History of Unity, Maine 

Murch, George, from his father, Joseph Murch, he 
from John Murch, he from James Murch, he from his 
brother, Edmund Murch, he from Chandler Hopkins, 
who built the main house — the first store in town. 

Murray, Carroll, from Thomas Winters, he from 
J. H. Damon, he from Watts Jones, he from Charles 
Baker, he from John Vickery, he from Samuel G. 
Stevens, he from Nathaniel Stevens. 

Murray, Orrin J., from F. A. Bartlett, he from B. 
F. Koliins, he from Benj . Bartlett, he from John Webb. 

Mussey, Frank, from his father, Ruel Mussey, he 
from his father, Edmund Mussey, he from the pro- 
prietors. I 

Mussey, Mrs. Frank, from the heirs of her father, 
W. H. J. Moulton, who built the house in 1908; the 
lot was purchased from George Pillsbury. 

Myrick, A. R., from a Mr. Belcher, he from John 
Crie, he from James Myrick, he from Chenery Broad, 
who built the house. 

Myrick, S. A., from George Cheney, he from Chas. 
Marshall, he from Mrs. Peasley. This house has been 
owned by several different people. It was built by 
the Friends, assisted by the Chase connections, for 
Gibbs and Huldah Chase Tilton. They belonged to 
the Friends' Society. The porch used to stand where 
Taber's store now stands, and was used by Enoch Hil- 
ton, a tailor; afterwards moved to where Myrick's 
pump now stands, and used by Miss Hannah Tilton, 
a tailoress. 

Nichols, Fred, from Marcellus Whitney, he from 
Roscoe Gould, he from Horace Bacon, who cleared it. 

Nickless, George, from Evander Harding, he from 
his father, Thomas Harding, he from Thomas Ayer, 
who built the buildings. 

History of Unity, Maine 131 

Nickless, Martin, from his father, George W. Nick- 
less, he from James Blethen, he from Alden Woods, 
he from his father, Levi Woods. 

Nutt, Esbon, from George Roseland, he from heirs 
of Freeman Farwell, he from Thomas Cornforth, he 
from Oliver Farwell, who manufactured the revolving 
horse rake, he also built the house. Thomas Corn- 
forth traded at the comer ; the store was sold to B. R. 
Stevens and moved to his place. 

Parkhurst, Ira P., from heirs of George Crosby, 
Crosby from David Vickery, he from Adelbert Chand- 
ler, he from his father, W. R. Chandler, he from Joel 

Parsons, Robie, from heirs of Elisha Mosher, he 
from Robert Douglass. The first house was moved 
from near the old Stevens sawmill below the Hussey 
bridge by Elisha Mosher for John Larrabee, later 
burned. The place has been occupied by several dif- 
ferent families, Rendalls, Blethens and Haneys. 

Pendleton, Seth and mother, from John Stewart, 
he from the late Joseph Farwell. I fail to find any 
one that knows who built the house that Seth lives in. 
The one that his mother lives in was built by Watts 
Jones, and has been owned by several different people. 

Perley, Roscoe J., from his father, John Perley, he 
from his father, John Perley, he from Charles Bick- 

Phillips, Stillman, from Alexander Worth, he 
from Elisha Mosher. 

Pillsbury, George Byron, had his lot from his fath- 
er ; Byron built the buildings. 

Pillsbury, James 0., from heirs of G. A. Hunt, he 
from his father, Ephraim Hunt, who settled it. 

132 History of Unity, Maine 

Pillsbury, Ralph, from Scott Reynolds. Pillsbury 
rebuilt and improved the buildings. 

Pomeroy, Albert F., from L. H. Mosher, he from 
Josiah West. The house was built by Abner Pendle- 
ton. This place at one time was owned by E. E. Hall. 
The first house was burned while Hall owned it. 

Purrington, H. M,, from Addison Weed. 

Pushor, George P., from his father, George Pushor, 
he from Martin Stevens, he from Charles Vose, he 
from A. H. Clark, he from N. G. Webster, he from his 
father, Daniel Webster, he from the proprietors. 

Pushor, Leo, from Fred Murch, he from Fred Nich- 
ols, he from a Mr. Rockwell. 

Pushor, Norris W., from Osro Knight, he from 
Amos Webb, he from Jerry Harding, he from Hiram 
Harding, he from Josiah Harding, he from his father, 
Thomas Harding. 

Rackliff, Amander, from his father, Capt. Amander 
Rackliff, he from his father, Dominicus Rackliff. 

Rand, Edwin, from John Vickerv, he from Nelson 
Vickerv, he from his father, David Vickery, Jr., he 
from his father, David Vickery, who came from Stand- 
ish, Me. Mr. Rand also owns the Samuel Kellv farm 
opposite L. P. Foster's. Mr, Samuel Kellv built a 
large set of farm buildings, which were burned sev- 
eral years aero. Edwin Rand purchased the place 
from John McGray, he from Bvron Morse, he from 
James Fowler, Jr., he from Benj. F. Kelly, he from 
his father, Samuel Kelly. 

Rp.unolds, Eugene L.. purchased from the town the 
old schoolhouse and lot and built the buildings. 

ReAinolds, E. T., from E. S. Stevens, he from S. T. 
Rackliff, he from John Vickery, he from Eugene Hunt, 
he from John L. Seavy, who built the original house ; 

History of Unity, Maine 133 

stable by E. T. Reynolds. Race course by E. S. 

Reynolds, George, from his father, Wm. H. Rey- 
nolds, he from Ansel Perkins. Wm. H. built the 

Reynolds, George Dana, from Archie Tozier, he 
from Eben C. Dodge, he from his father, Mial Dodge, 
he from Hiram Whitehouse. The first house was 
built by Augustus Carter. 

Reynolds, P. W., built his cottage, lot from J. L. 

Reynolds, Shirley, built his house, had the lot from 
E. E. York, he from J. R. Taber. 

Reynolds, W. L., from Isaac Howard, he from An- 
sel Davis, he from Horace Bacon. Buildings built by 
Isaac Howard. 

Rice, H. B., from heirs of Rufus Whitmore, they 
from George Hancock, he from Jesse Whitmore, he 
from his father, Daniel Whitmore. Mr. Rice remod- 
eled the house, built the ell and stable. 

Rines, Lester, from heirs of G. B. Pillsbury, house 
built by Ezra Roberts. 

Rines, Roscoe, from heirs of J. H. Lancaster, he 
from Mott Reynolds, he from H. A. Bacon, he from 
Wesley Reynolds, he from Otis Hamlin, he from Nel- 
son Rackliff, he from Otis Hamlin, he from Horace 
Bacon, who built the house, he from George Bacon. 

Rollins, D. v., built his house in 1908 ; the lot from 
Jacob L. Ames. 

Rollins, S. P., land from E. E. York, he from J. R. 
Taber, he from William Taber, he from Wm. Stone, 
he from heirs of Rufus Burnham, M. D. 

Ryan, Roscoe, his wife and her mother, Mrs. Mar- 
tha Haggaty, from N. C, Knight, he from Henry Ba- 

134 History of Unity, Maine 

con, he from L. J. Whitten, he from Richard Whitten, 
he from Samuel Whitten, he from George 0. Fowler. 
The buildings have been remodeled by Mr. Ryan. 
They also own the Abram Clifford place adjoining 
on the east. 

Sawyer, Asa, from Bartlett & Chase, they from C. 
B. Wellington, he from M. L. Pendleton. The house 
was built by Ira Trafton, and moved to its present 
location. Mr. Sawyer built the stable, the lot from 
the Fogg farm. 

Small, Mrs. Daniel, from her husband, Daniel 
Small, he from his father, David Small, he from his 
father, Alonzo Small, he from his father, David Small. 

Soule, E. M., from Moses Stevens, he from C. E. 
Stevens, he from Isaiah Tuttle, who built the house, 
land from Mrs. W. G. Fuller, she from John G. Hunt, 
he from J. R. Taber, he from his father, William 
Taber, he from Wm. Stone, he from heirs of R. Burn- 
ham, M. D. Dr. Soule had his store lot from E. T. 
Whitehouse, he from J. R. Taber, he from Star in the 
West Lodge, No. 85, they from Charles Collar, he from 
John Shirley and Thomas Blethen. Others have 
owned it at different times; at one time Josiah Twit- 
chell had a shoe shop there. 

Stevens, Mrs. Charles, from Melzer Stevens, he 
from Samuel Kelly, he from Mrs. Lizzie Craig, she 
from J. R. Taber, he from Judge Thomas Haskell of 
Portland, he from Grover Carter's estate, Carter from 
Daniel Dummer, he from Adam W. Myrick, he from 
Mrs. Martha Chandler, widow of Thomas Chandler. 
Mrs. Chandler conducted it as a temperance hotel. 
Dummer ran it as a hotel while the railroad was build- 
ing; James La Bree, manager. James Craig, M. D., 
built the house and stable. This house was kept as a 
hotel before the Central House was built. 

History of Unity, Maine 135 

Stevens, Clare, from Berton Stevens, he from R. 
J. Perley, he from heirs of Benj. Perley. 

Stevens, Guy, lives on the place that was formerly 
owned by George Randlette. For particulars, the 
reader is referred to letter of Hannibal Lampson, near 
the close of this book. 

Stevens, G. A., from Daniel Starkey, he from Zo- 
leme Washburn, he from Chenery Broad. Mr. Stev- 
ens also owns what was the Samuel Hall place at 
Moulton's Mills. This at one time was owned by E. 
¥. Thompson. Stevens also owns the John White 
place and a piece of land opposite J. A. Bacon's. J. 
F. Parkhurst's brickyard was on this lot. 

Stevens, Mrs. Jane, from Osbom Whitney, he from 
a Mr. McClure of Hallowell, he from heirs of Ansel 
Perkins, who built the buildings, land from Hale Park- 
hurst. Mrs. Stevens also owns a farm at Farwell's 
Corner. She had it from a Mr. Woodman, he from 
J. L. Merrick, he from Isaac and J. M. Coffin, they 
from Thatcher Friend, he from E. F. Thompson for 
$1050.00, he from Samuel M. Howard. 

Stevens, Joseph F., from his father, Joseph Stev- 
ens, he from his father, B. R. Stevens, he from James 

Stevens, Lynn, from Melzer Stevens, who built the 
house, land from G. B. Pillsbury. 

Stevens, Mrs. Melzer, from her mother, Mrs. D. P. 
Clark, who built the house, lot from F. A. Bartlett. 

Stevens, Melzer and Benjamin, the "Prairie" land 
cleared by E. S. Stevens, who built the large barn. 
This tract of land was purchased by Alexander Booth- 
by and Jesse Whitmore, at one time for 12 1/2 cents 
per acre. 

136 History of Unity, Maine 

Stevens, Moses Haxter, from his father, Otis F. 
Stevens, he from Charles Segar. Mr. Stevens also 
ow^ns a house in Unity Village on the Waterville road, 
land purchased from J. R. Taber. 

Stevens, William Taber, from his father, Otis F. 
Stevens, he from Daniel McManus, he from John Per- 
ley, Mr. Stevens' house in the village, from Charles 
E. Stevens, he from Mrs. Lizzie Trafton, she from N. 
C. Knight, he from J. T. Main, M. D. The house was 
built by John Chase, v^ho employed W. N. Woodsum 
to take charge of making Morocco shoes in it. 

Stewart, Eugene L., from heirs of Nelson Rackliff. 
The house v^as built by Adam W. Myrick, has been 
occupied by Washington and A. R. Myrick, also by 
Mr. Reynolds, E. R. Parkman, Simon Prescott and 
Martha Whitney. 

Stone, R. E., from heirs of E. R. Parkman, Park- 
man from Isaac Childs, he from Jacob Chase, vv^ho built 
the house, land purchased from Silas Bither. 

Stroples, Mrs. Charles, from Sarah Thompson, she 
from Luther Mitchell, w^ho built the building in 1880, 
land purchased from Jefferson Bartlett. 

Taber, James R., from his father, William Taber, 
he from William Stone, he from heirs of Rufus Burn- 
ham, M. D. Burnham built the main house in 1827 
and had the first stove in tow^n. Wm. Taber built the 
northerly part and stable in 1863; J. R. Taber, the 
south addition. J. R. Taber also ow^ns the A. W. My- 
rick and Henry Kelly lots. 

Taber, Nellie M. and Vivian H., heired the double 
house on the Waterville road from their mother, Ellen 
M. Taber, she from heirs of her father, Eli Moulton, 
he from Coffin Mitchell, he from Samuel G. Otis, who 
built it. They also own the store built in 1880, which 

History of Unity, Maine 137 

they heired from their mother's estate, she from heirs 
of Eli Moulton, he from J. R. Taber, he from G. E. 
Linkfield, he from Henry Kelly, who built the first 
store. The lot from Otis Dunbar, he from Dr. Burn- 

Taylor, Mrs. Charles, from her husband, Charles 
Taylor, he from Samuel Whitten, who built the house 
upon land purchased from E. D. Williams, he from 
Jesse Whitmore, who heired it from his father, Daniel 
Whitmore. Mrs. Taylor also heired the house now 
occupied by W. A. Gerrish. Mr. Taylor had it from 
Mrs. Althea Coombs, she from Daniel Starkey, he 
from Otis Starky, who built it. 

Taylor, George M., from F. A. Whitten, he from N. 
W. Vickery, he from James B. Vickery, who built the 
house in 1858. The present barn, with house addi- 
tions, was built by Mr. Taylor. 

Thompson, George and Eben, from James H. Ames, 
he from his father, Paul Ames, he from Nelson Rack- 
liff, he from Nathaniel Fernald. Part of the old 
buildings were moved from near the railroad bridge 
and remodeled and the barn enlarged. Mr. Ames 
cleared a large part of the farm. 

Thompson, J. Arthur, from his father, John M. 
Thompson, he from his father. Col. Seth Thompson, 
he from John Melvin, who settled it. Mr. Melvin 
was 92 years old at his death; Seth Thompson, 87; 
his wife 82, at the time of their deaths. 

Thompson, Lewis, land from Joseph Chase, house 
from Samuel G. Stevens. Martha Stevens used to live 
there, and in the other small house a Mr. Dyer. These 
houses have all been built over and enlarged by Mr, 

138 History of Unity, Maine 

Tozier, Archie, from W. H. Rolfe, he from Austin 
Thomas, M. D., he from T. J. Whitehouse, he from 
Jonathan Stone, he from W. R. Chandler, he from 
Heman Fowler, he from Hiram Whitehouse, who built 
it and the A. R. Myrick store. 

Tozier, Frank, from Joseph P. Libby, he from Mrs. 
W. G. Fuller, she from Mrs. H. C. Chandler, she from 
L.ucretia Moulton, who built the present store. She 
had the lot from the heirs of Green Carter, Carter 
from J. R. Taber, he from Mrs. Daniel Dummer, she 
from James G. Patterson, he from E. D. Williams, 
who built the first store, lot from Rufus Bumham, 
M. D. 

Trask, Alfred, from Jerry Connor, he from his 
father, Jerry Connor, he from Gardiner Jackson, he 
from a Mr. Fisher, he from Edmund Murch, he from 
Ilezekiah Williams, he from Isaac Mitchell. 

Truworthy, H. L., M. D., from heirs of J. E. Cook, 
M. D., Cook from W. H. Rolfe, who built the house, 
land from heirs of Nelson Rackliff, he from widow of 
Samuel Weed, he from Hiram Whitehouse, who built 
the first house, which was burned while Rackliff 
owned it. 

Ulmer, John, from his father, John Ulmer, he from 
John Kelley. 

Van Deets, Jackson C, from his father, John A. 
Van Deets, he from heirs of Phoebe Washburn, she 
from Mrs. Hadley, she from L. B. Fogg, he from Nel- 
son Rackliff. This place has been owned by Isaac 
Adams, Thomas Chandler and Allen Taber. At one 
time Adams traded there, as also did Taber. 

Varney, George W., from his father, Jedediah J. 
Varney, he from James Gilkey, he from Benj. Bart- 
lett, who built the house. 

History of Unity, Maine 139 

Vickery, James B., Jr., from his father, James B. 
Vickery, he from his father, Eli Vickery, who built 
the buildings; he had the land from Benj. Bartlett. 

Walton, Thomas, from D. F. Walton, he from Hor- 
ace Graves, he from S. P. Larrabee, he from Charles 
Flye, he from Daniel C. Hodge, he from J. L. Merrick, 
he from Joseph Knowlton, he from A. H. Clark, he 
from E. S. Stevens, he from his father, Benj. R. Stev- 
ens, he from his father, Joseph Stevens. 

Walton, William, from Wesley Woods, he from his 
father, Benj. J. Woods, he from his father, Joseph 

Waning, Charles, from Joseph P. Libby, he from 
David Vickery, he from Nelson Vickery, he from Elli- 
son Libby, he from Elisha Libby, he from George 
Whitney, he from Elisha Either. 

Waning, Harry, from heirs of Wm. McGray, Mc- 
Gray from his father, William McGray, he from the 

Waning, John, from Henry Foster, he from D. V. 
Rollins, he from Henry Winters, he from heirs of 
Richard Murch, he from the proprietors. 

Ward, Ruel S., from F. R. Cornforth, he from Har- 
rison Chase, he from Hezekiah Chase. 

Webb, George, from his grandfather, Samuel Webb, 
he from Albert Rackliff, he from E. S. Stevens, he 
from Nelson Vickery, he from S. T. Rackliff, he from 
John Vickery, he from Joseph Vickery, he from Enoch 
Frost. S. T. Rackliff built the house, 

• i , Webb, LaForest, from his father, John Webb, he 
from Simon Prescott, he from Augustus Fogg, he 
from Mrs. William Webb, she from Mrs. Chick, she 
from George Woods, he from Hoyt Hunt, he from 
his father, Archelaus Hunt. 

140 History of Unity, Maine 

Webster, Charles M., from Joseph Kelly, he from 
Wm. Whitten, he from Watts Jones. It has been 
owned by Gorham Hamilton, Joel Kelly and Isaac 
Stevens, who built it. 

- Weed, P. A., from heirs of Fred Hall, Hall from 
heirs of G. B. Blanchard, Blanchard from T. B. Hus- 
sey, he from Lemuel B. Rackliff, he from his father, 
Clement Rackliff. This place includes the Robert 
Blanchard place. 

Wellington, Charles B., from John Hodgdon, he 
from E. L. Woods, he from I. C. Libby Co., they from 
J. S. Bither. The buildings were improved by Mr. 

Whitaker, G. F., from G. L. Whitten, who built the 
buildings, lot from J. R. Taber. 

Whitaker, R. C, from Fred Connor, he from his 
mother, Almira Connor, she from heirs of Joseph Wig- 
gins, Wiggins from Hannah, widow of Hall Scribner, 
Scribner from Otis Dunbar, who built it. 

Whitehouse, E. T., from Albert Bump, he from 
Peter Whitney, he from Albert R. McManus, he from 
James Libby, he from A. W. Myrick, he from Sarah 
Chase, she from Nathan Call, he from Daniel Spring, 
who built the first house ; he also owns the house where 
he lives on Main street, which he built; lot from J. 
R. Taber. 

Whitehouse, F. A., from heirs of his father, T. J. 
Whitehouse, Thomas J. from Whitehouse & Hunt, they 
from Daniel Dummer, he from Fred Burrill, he from 
John L. Seavey, he from Elijah Winslow, who built 
the first house, which was burned in 1878, and rebuilt 
by T. J. Whitehouse. 

Whitney, Clair M., M. D., from Archie Tozier, he 
from W. G. Grinnell of Searsport, he from Bartlett P. 

History of Unity, Maine 141 

Whitney, M. D., he from Austin Thomas, M. D., he 
from Taber & Moulton, they from Mrs. G. E. Link- 
field, she from Henry Kelly, he from Otis Dunbar, who 
built it; lot from Dr. Burnham. 

Whitney, Harry, from John M. Hamilton, he from 
Isaiah Tuttle, who built the house; the lot from J. R. 

Whit7iey, Mrs. Marcellus, from her husband, he 
from J. W. Harmon, he from his father, Josiah Har- 
mon, he from Robie Frye of Montville. 

Whitten, F. A., from his father, Oliver J. Whitten, 
he from T. B. & W. H. Cook, they from heirs of Jo- 
seph Chase, Chase from his father. Judge Hezekiah 
Chase, who built the brick house in 1826. The first 
framed barn in town was built on this place, in the 
'GO'S, was burned. The brick for the house was made 
by Levi Bacon. 

Whitten, George L., the lot from H. B. Rice; Whit- 
ten built the house. 

Winslow, W. F., built the house; lot from F. H. 

Woods, E. L., from J. L. Ames, he from Joseph 
Mason, he from J. S. Either. 

Woods, John, lot and building from J. R. Taber, 

Woods, Wesley F., from heirs of John Pillsbury, 
Pillsbury from his father, G. B. Pillsbury, he from A. 
H. Clark, he from heirs of S. S. Collar. The house 
was moved by Enoch Savage from the E. D. Chase 

Worth, George W., from his father, Alexander 
Worth, he from Elisha Mosher, who built the build- 
ings. Alexander Worth had a place from Ralph Wig- 
gins, Wiggins from Osha Clark. This place was con- 

142 History of Unity, Maine 

yeyed to Charles Denaco by George W. Worth, Denaco 
to Walter Besse, Jr. 

York, E. E., from Joseph Clifford, he from Isaiah 
Tuttle, wjtio built the house m 1899. York repaired the 
house and built the ell and barn; the lot from J. R. 

York, Mrs, Milford, from Mrs. Merrill, she from 
heirs of Gardiner Webb, he from Joshua Adams. 
Sprague Adams built the house for his mother. 

in the south part of the town, 1 have been bothered 
to some extent m getting a record of the real estate. 
In i90« i received the iollowing letter from H. H. 
Lamson, son of Hon. James D. Lamson, of l*'reedom: 

Freedom, February 7, 1908. 
Hon. James R. Taber, Unity, 

Dear Sir: — Something over eighty years ago, Jo- 
seph Larrabee bought of Ruel Williams of Augusta, 
Me., a proprietor, a lot of land situated in South Unity 
and extending to the Freedom line, containing 300 
acres, more or less. Sandy Stream flows through a 
part of this land, on which one-quarter mile from 
Freedom Village is situated an excellent water priv- 
ilege. Larrabee and John Sears of Knox built a stone 
dam on this privilege, which is standing today in good 
condition, and erected a large sawmill, which they ran 
successfully for several years. Samuel Hadley then 
bought part of this privilege, and erected a carding 
mill and house nearby, in which he lived. Larrabee 
built a set of buildings on the land, which he after- 
wards sold to Hiram Bryant, together with fifty acres 
of land. This property remained in the Hiram Bry- 
ant .family until the spring of 1908. It is now owned 
by- Addison Weed of Unity. Larrabee then built an- 
other set of buildings near the Bryant place, in which 

History of Unity, Maine 143 

he lived until his death, sometime in the latter part of 
1840. In the meantime he had sold various parcels 
of land, on which those who bought erected some sort 
of buildings. Lincoln Hussey erected a two-story 
house, a barn and workshop within a few rods of the 
Freedom line. This house was afterwards burned, 
and Enos Briggs of Freedom was burned in it. 
George Randlett, a former resident of Montville, a 
gentleman of marked business ability, bought of Lar- 
rabee, Sears & Hadley the mills and privileges, to- 
gether with the Hadley house, to which he moved his 
family. He also bought about 150 acres of land ad- 
joining. He afterward bought of Albert Monroe the 
place that Larrabee occupied at his death, Monroe 
having bought it of Larrabee's widow. Randlett kept 
on buying until he owned narly all of the original 
Larrabee purchase, with the exception of the Bryant 
farm, and about fifteen acres known as the Cunning- 
ham lot. Mr. Randlett built a two-story store near his 
house. The lower story was devoted to groceries, and 
the upper was conducted by Mr. Randlett's wife, a 
most estimable lady of great business ability, who was 
very ably assisted by her daughter, who is now Mrs. 
Sophia Mosher of Unity, a lady who seemed to inherit 
the very best qualities of mind and heart of both of her 
excellent parents. These ladies carried on an exten- 
sive millinery, fancy goods and dressmaking business. 
Mr. Randlett erected a large tannery, in which he 
made both sole and upper leather; he also manufac- 
tured boots and shoes for the trade. It was a sad 
blow when Mrs. Randlett died at the early age of 
forty-four years. Mr. Randlett never recovered from 
this affliction, and at the age of fifty-seven he passed 
away, sincerely mourned by the community. The 
property then came into the hands of George Thean 


History of Unity, Maine 

Randlett, who in 1872 sold it to James D. Lamson of 
Freedom, who, hale and hearty at the age of 93, still 
owns it, or at least what time has left of it, the tan- 
nery, sawmill and store having been burned some years 
ago. Mr. Taber, that is all that I am able to tell you, 
and I send it with pleasure. 

Very respectfully yours, 

H. H. Lamson. 


This "^-^j ;;dI^;oei;;u™sta.ees .o be 
taken from the Building